WorldWideScience

Sample records for cardiowest temporary total

  1. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing responses to different external portable drivers in a patient with a CardioWest Total Artificial Heart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarzia, Vincenzo; Braccioni, Fausto; Bortolussi, Giacomo; Buratto, Edward; Gallo, Michele; Bottio, Tomaso; Vianello, Andrea; Gerosa, Gino

    2016-06-01

    Management of patients treated with CardioWest Total Artificial Heart (CW-TAH) as a bridge to heart transplantation (HTx) is complicated by difficulties in determining the optimal timing of transplantation. We present a case of a 53-year-old man supported as an outpatient with a CW-TAH, whose condition deteriorated following exchange of the portable driver. The patient was followed-up with serial cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) which demonstrated a fall of peak VO2 to below 12 ml/kg/min following driver substitution, and the patient was subsequently treated with urgent orthotopic HTx. This case highlights the potential utility of CPET as a means for monitoring and indicating timing of HTx in patients with CW-TAH, as well as the potential for clinical deterioration following portable driver substitution. PMID:26497137

  2. Successful heart transplant after 1374 days living with a total artificial heart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerosa, Gino; Gallo, Michele; Bottio, Tomaso; Tarzia, Vincenzo

    2016-04-01

    The CardioWest Total Artificial Heart (CW-TAH) has been approved as a temporary device for bridge to cardiac transplantation and is under investigation for destination therapy by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). We herein report the longest worldwide survival out of hospital (1374 days) of a patient supported with Cardio West Total Artificial Heart (CW-TAH). This experience is intended as a proof of concept of using CW-TAH as the destination therapy in patients with biventricular failure. PMID:26819291

  3. The patient's experience of temporary paralysis from spinal anaesthesia, a part of total knee replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Louise; Konradsen, Hanne; Dreyer, Pia Sander

    the experience of spinal anaesthesia, as a part of having a total knee replacement. METHODS: Twelve patients were interviewed in March 2014 after undergoing an elective total knee arthroplasty under spinal anaesthesia. The interviews were analysed with a Ricoeur-inspired interpretation method. RESULTS......: Three themes were derived from the interviews: 'anaesthesia - an unavoidable necessity', 'an unrecognisable and incomprehensible body' and 'the body returns - joy and agony'. CONCLUSION: The results reveal that trust in the health care personnel and knowledge of the course of events play a key role in...

  4. New temporary internal introducer shunt for brain perfusion during total endovascular arch replacement with in situ fenestration technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonesson, Björn; Resch, Tim; Dias, Nuno; Malina, Martin

    2012-10-01

    Complete endovascular arch replacement by in situ fenestration technique requires maintenance of cerebral perfusion during the fenestration procedure by an extracorporeal femoral-carotid bypass. The bypass has the disadvantages of being invasive, requiring a pump, and shunting blood extracorporeally. This report describes bench testing and an in vivo experimental animal setup with an endovascular, temporary introducer shunt. This technique represents an adjunctive step toward a complete endovascular repair for the aortic arch. PMID:22857810

  5. Temporary workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Hesselink, J.; Verbiest, S.; Goudswaard, A.

    2014-01-01

    Temporary employment contracts are often used by employers to manage fluctuations in personnel needs. Many sectors of industry experience these fluctuations, which are often seasonal. This creates uncertainty about the continuousness of demand for work, which is transferred from employers to employe

  6. Temporary Trade

    OpenAIRE

    Muraközy, Balázs; Békés, Gábor

    2009-01-01

    Most trade theories assume bilateral trade relationships are forged on the basis of some comparative advantages, scale considerations, market structure or some productivity advantage of firms. Since these factors change slowly, bilateral trade relationships should be stable. However, we argue that over half of the non-zero bilateral trade relationships are of temporary nature: they last for a short period only or appear and disappear in an erratic fashion. With a very detailed country-product...

  7. Temporary ectopic hand implantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Zhang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Severe crushing injuries to the distal forearm can preclude immediate hand replantation, with temporary ectopic implantation as a practicable option under special circumstances. This report describes a case of temporary ectopic hand implantation for a crush injury extending from the wrist to the middle third of the forearm, using the left foot as the recipient site. The hand was replanted onto the left forearm 3 months after the ectopic implantation, with functional gains seen by 18 months. Satisfactory ambulation was retained, with no reported foot pain. Temporary ectopic implantation is a pragmatic alternative under select circumstances.

  8. Temporary air-raid shelters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report deals with materials and structures of temporary air-raid shelters. At first, the weapon effects against which the temporary shelters can protect are described. These are, primarily, the fragmentation and blast pressure caused by conventional weapons and those effects of the nuclear weapons which exist outside the total disaster and fire areas. Temporary shelters built into existing buildings can give protection either from radioactive fallout or from fallout and collapse of the building above. For fallout protection heavy materials are needed, which simultaneously protect from fragmentation. In the research report, the methods and materials used for the contruction of a fallout shelter into an apartment house and a small house are introduced. The collapse loads acting on a basement ceiling and the design of additional timber supports are also presented. The use of various materials in the construction of shelters outside the buildings are introduced. Separate shelters can be built either under the ground or on the ground. The same materials can be used in both cases, but the underground shelters have a better level of protection. (author)

  9. The Temporary City Workshop

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Niamh; McCarthy, Linda

    2014-01-01

    The Temporary City Workshop was hosted by Dr Niamh Moore-Cherry on Tuesday 21 October in Nova UCD. The workshop is part of the Greening as Spatial Politics project funded by the IRC New Foundations scheme 2013 and is a collaboration between geographers at University College Dublin and the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The goal of the workshop was to facilitate networking across a diversity of stakeholders and initiate discussion on temporary urban interventions in Dublin. The workshop wa...

  10. The Temporary Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LINDA ZHOU

    2006-01-01

    @@ China has been taking strategic steps to switch its economic development strategy and some critical changes have gradually taken place in the labor market. The central government began to review the Labor Law with the aim of improving labor protection and smoothening employment relations. In addition,it has tried in various ways to lower unemployment, including temporary unemployment, as part its solution to the stability of people's livelihood.

  11. Essays on temporary migration

    OpenAIRE

    Mestres Domenech, J.

    2012-01-01

    My thesis dissertation focuses on the temporariness of migration, its diverse effects as well as on migration selection. The first paper, A Dynamic Model of Return Migration analyzes the decision process underlying return migration using a dynamic model. We explain how migrants decide whether to stay or to go back to their home country together with their savings and consumption decisions. We simulate our model with return intentions and perform policy simulations. The se...

  12. The temporary international collective chronicle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The temporary international collective brief history is presented from the time of its establishment in 1972 (and even earlier) till the termination of its activity in 1990 (and even later). Works in the temporary international collective framework demonstrate an example of successful cooperation of specialists from different countries in the field of calculation-theoretical and experimental research on the WWER reactor physics. The results of experimental and calculation studies were reported to the topical meetings, workshops, conferences, and symposia as well as were published in the temporary international collective reports and proceedings. The answers to the questions about the temporary international collective activity-What? Where? When?-are presented in this chronicle (Authors)

  13. Temporary storage area characterization report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The preferred alternative identified in the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) for the Weldon Spring Quarry Bulk Wastes is to remove the wastes from the quarry and transport them by truck to temporary storage facility at the chemical plant site. To support the RI/FS, this report provides data to characterize the temporary storage area (TSA) site and to ensure the suitability of the proposed location. 31 refs., 14 figs., 7 tabs

  14. 42 CFR 488.415 - Temporary management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary management. 488.415 Section 488.415... Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.415 Temporary management. (a) Definition. Temporary management means the temporary appointment by CMS or the State of a substitute facility manager...

  15. A temporary index

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ongoing management of low, intermediate and high-level nuclear waste is an unresolved issue for humanity, not least because the time-frames in question when dealing with the hazards of radioactive wastes, range from as little as a few tens of years to more than 100 000 years. It is from this starting point that we are beginning the development of an ambitious multifaceted artwork aiming to help us consider our relationship with deep-time and our nuclear legacy. The expressed aim of Temporary Index is to raise general awareness about these long-term management issues, and in doing so, to embed this knowledge into our collective cultural memory so as to transmit useful information about our nuclear waste into the future. We wish to create a series of decorative, real-time numeric counters based on the probabilistic decay (including decay of daughter products) of existing nuclear waste that we identify from the earliest weapons' development programmes in the United States right through to contemporary wastes being produced by nuclear energy production today across the world. Each display will countdown in seconds, showing the time remaining before the given item of waste (or a particular site) is considered safe to humans. A hypothetical example of one counter could be a bottle of sludge containing plutonium discovered in 2004 during an attempted clean-up of the Hanford nuclear site in Washington State, United States. Another example might be the geological storage facility for vitrified nuclear waste at Horonobe in Japan, should it be established in the future. Accident sites, such as Chernobyl or Fukushima Daiichi could also be tagged with counters, as could low-level waste (LLW) repositories such as the one at Drigg near Sellafield in the United Kingdom. Whatever the items identified and this will be a complex process requiring collaboration with experts in the field, it is important that a wide range of short- and long-term counters are established to

  16. Costs and beneftis of temporary contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Engellandt, Axel

    2005-01-01

    Applying data from 13 waves of the Swiss Labor Force Survey (1991-2003) I assess costs and benefits of fixed-term contracts. First, I analyze the existence of a contract related wage gap and the effort response of temporary employees in terms of unpaid overtime hours. Second, I investigate whether workers' absence response to temporary contracts varies across types of absences. And third, I examine the impact of temporary contracts on accident rates. I find that temporary employees suffer a w...

  17. 48 CFR 1371.120 - Temporary services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary services. 1371.120 Section 1371.120 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE DEPARTMENT....120 Temporary services. Insert clause 1352.271-89, Temporary Services, in all solicitations...

  18. Temporary worker in the nuclear power industry: an equity analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are clear indications based both on the statistical data and on empirical evidence that the employment of large numbers of temporary workers has become a permanent and growing characteristic of the industry. It appears that the size of that work force has been seriously underestimated and that it receives a disproportionate share of the occupational radiation. In order to stay within the limits governing individual exposure in the workplace, the risk has been spread among a larger segment of the population. These facts raise important and ongoing issues of societal and employer responsibility. By the reckonings of this study, the total number of workers employed on a temporary basis by the nuclear power industry is eighteen times greater than those much more narrowly defined by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as transient workers: individuals hired and terminating employment with two or more employers in one quarter. It is estimated that the whole temporary work force numbered about 23,520 in 1976, over a third (35%) of the industry total, and absorbed 47.5% of the total occupational radiation dose. The problems, then, are not inconsiderable: they affect thousands of individuals, a significant segment of the nuclear power industry's work force, members of society who are subjected to a disproportionate burden of radiation risk. Among the conclusions is that it may be necessary to establish special standards, limitations, and records for temporary workers to ensure adequate health protection, follow-up, and care

  19. Temporary Residences: a becoming project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Ingaramo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Among the experimental actions fostered so far by the Compagnia di San Paolo through its Housing Program, committed in handling the complex and fragmented housing discomfort issue, the Temporary Dwellings initiative represents a unique and innovative experience, as it actually offers the chance to activate a proper managerial direction around and about the real estate development processes. In particular, the Temporary Dwellings action is marked by two key aspects: a structured co-planning vision and projects selected through a requests for proposal system. The process in the whole aims on the one hand at reaching an high transparent level of decision making , while, on the other hand, at developing a continuous and mutual monitoring and matching activity between the Housing Program and the group of cross-curricular experts teamed up in the project: technicians, designers, managers, psychologists, contractors, and the other local stakeholders.

  20. Temporary Clusters and Knowledge Creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maskell, Peter; Bathelt, Harald; Malmberg, Anders

    2004-01-01

    ,enabling access to distant markets and technologies. Third, it compares such temporaryclusters with permanent territorial hubs within their respective sector or industry. If regularparticipation in temporary clusters could satisfy a firm's need to learn through interactionwith suppliers, customers, peers and......Business people and professionals regularly come together at conventions,congresses, conferences, trade fairs and exhibitions. Here, their latest and most advancedfindings, inventions and products are revealed and evaluated by peers and competitors, aswell as by customers and suppliers. Organising...

  1. Why governments implement Temporary Stabilization Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Alfaro

    1999-01-01

    This paper provides a political economy explanation for temporary exchange-rate-based stabilization programs (where the exchange rate is used as a nominal anchor) and their optimal duration by focusing on the distributive effects of real exchange rate appreciation. In a small-open-economy model, a temporary reduction in the devaluation rate leads to a reduction in the nominal interest rate and to a temporary appreciation of the real exchange rate. Owners of tradable-goods are hurt, while for ...

  2. Marginal accuracy of temporary composite crowns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tjan, A H; Tjan, A H; Grant, B E

    1987-10-01

    An in vitro study was conducted to quantitatively compare the marginal adaptation of temporary crowns made from Protemp material with those made from Scutan, Provisional, and Trim materials. A direct technique was used to make temporary restorations on prepared teeth with an impression as a matrix. Protem, Trim, and Provisional materials produced temporary crowns of comparable accuracy. Crowns made from Scutan material had open margins. PMID:2959770

  3. Influence of Screw Length and Bone Thickness on the Stability of Temporary Implants

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Jogaib Fernandes; Carlos Nelson Elias; Antônio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to study the influence of screw length and bone thickness on the stability of temporary implants. A total of 96 self-drilling temporary screws with two different lengths were inserted into polyurethane blocks (n = 66), bovine femurs (n = 18) and rabbit tibia (n = 12) with different cortical thicknesses (1 to 8 mm). Screws insertion in polyurethane blocks was assisted by a universal testing machine, torque peaks were collected by a digital torquemeter and bone thi...

  4. Temporary Storage of Poultry Broiler Litter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Transportation and storage of poultry broiler litter during the winter months is critical to implementing comprehensive nutrient/waste management plans, but acceptable temporary storage near the site of spreading can be difficult to arrange. Alternative, less expensive methods for temporary storage...

  5. Risk Factors of Permanent Stomas in Patients with Rectal Cancer after Low Anterior Resection with Temporary Stomas

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Chul Min; Huh, Jung Wook; Park, Yoon Ah; Cho, Yong Beom; Kim, Hee Cheol; Yun, Seong Hyeon; Lee, Woo Yong; Chun, Ho-Kyung

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to identify risk factors influencing permanent stomas after low anterior resection with temporary stomas for rectal cancer. Materials and Methods A total of 2528 consecutive rectal cancer patients who had undergone low anterior resection were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors for permanent stomas were evaluated among these patients. Results Among 2528 cases of rectal cancer, a total of 231 patients had a temporary diverting stoma. Among these cases, 217 ...

  6. Environment - Borrow Area for Temporary Levee

    Data.gov (United States)

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — This data represents the location of a borrow site for construction materials used in temporary levee building during flood events. The footprint of these areas...

  7. Severe pneumococcal disease and temporary splenic dysfunction.

    OpenAIRE

    Pelly, M. D.; Huo, Z.; Henderson, D. C.; Soni, N.

    1997-01-01

    We report a patient presenting with pneumonia in whom temporary splenic dysfunction was diagnosed by counting pitted red blood cells. This under-recognised condition caused a transient immunosuppression which may have had serious implications for our patient's recovery.

  8. Temporary Migrants, Partial Citizenship and Hypermigration

    OpenAIRE

    Bauböck, Rainer

    2011-01-01

    The fulltext available is a preprint version of an article submitted for consideration in the CRISPP, 2011 First published online : December 2012 Temporary migration raises two different challenges. The first is whether territorial democracies can integrate temporary migrants as equal citizens; the second is whether transnationally mobile societies can be organized democratically as communities of equal citizens. Considering both questions within a single analytical framework will revea...

  9. Decomposing gender differences in temporary contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Salladarré, Frédéric; Hlaimi, Boubaker; Wolff, François-Charles

    2007-01-01

    This study analyses gender differences in fixed term contracts in 19 European countries, using micro data from the European Social Survey. Our estimates show that temporary employment appears to be more feminized and that gender differences in temporary employment can arise from a female specific behaviour where young women often appear more concerned with atypical jobs. Moreover, the marital status affects negatively the probability of holding a fixed term contract where single men work more...

  10. History, origins and importance of temporary ponds

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Penny; Biggs, Jeremy; Fox, Gill; Nicolet, Pascale; Whitfield, Merica

    2001-01-01

    In Europe, temporary ponds are a naturally common and widespread habitat occurring, often in abundance, in all biogeographical regions from the boreal snow-melt pools of northern Scandinavia to the seasonally inundated coastal dune pools of southern Spain. Ecological studies in Europe and elsewhere also emphasise that temporary ponds are a biologically important habitat type, renowned both for their specialised assemblages and the considerable numbers of rare and endemic species they support....

  11. Christo Javacheff’s temporary monuments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Furegatti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the question of temporary configuration adopted by the Bulgarian artist Christo Javacheff in his artistic interventions in the contemporary landscape. Place emphasizes on analysis of his creative process guided by the idea of temporary monuments; attribution given by him to projects that has close relations between the architectural elements and the collective memory of the public participating of these interventions in different urban centers on the planet.

  12. 77 FR 71825 - Notice of Temporary Restriction of Vehicle Use and Temporary Closure to Tree Cutting and Wood...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ...: 14X1125] Notice of Temporary Restriction of Vehicle Use and Temporary Closure to Tree Cutting and Wood... motorized vehicles to existing posted roads and two-track trails and issuing a temporary closure to wood... and a temporary closure to tree cutting and wood collecting on areas burned by the TRE and...

  13. [Temporary disability and its legal implications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Fumadó, Carles; Martí Amengual, Gabriel; Puig Bausili, Lluïsa; Arimany-Manso, Josep

    2014-03-01

    Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict. PMID:24913752

  14. Migration from Zambia : Ensuring Temporariness through Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Mohammad; Mattoo, Aaditya

    2007-01-01

    The paper analyzes migration from Zambia in order to understand how migration policy can support development in the least developed countries. Overall emigration from Zambia is not high by regional standards, but the pattern of migration is skewed toward the skilled and away from the unskilled. A development-friendly approach to migration for Zambia would strive to ensure the temporariness...

  15. 14 CFR 63.13 - Temporary certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary certificate. 63.13 Section 63.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN... his application and supplementary documents and the issue of the certificate for which he applied....

  16. 14 CFR 65.13 - Temporary certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary certificate. 65.13 Section 65.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRMEN... review of his application and supplementary documents and the issue of the certificate and ratings...

  17. Architectural workshop Temporary, mobile dwelling units

    OpenAIRE

    Vasa J. Perović; Anja Vidic

    2012-01-01

    Temporary dwelling units are in use for shorter periods, weekends and holidays. Because of their different types of use, such units should function differently from standard models which attempt to mimic a standard dwelling or house. The students’ task was to develop units that could exploit all the potential of the natural surroundings and support different user scenarios.

  18. Temporary/portable nuclear fallout shelter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design and invention of a temporary/portable fallout shelter has been described in context of schematic and representative embodiments. Tent structures are described which include disposable, exterior, semi-transparent plastic and/or fabric shield membranes covering a tent composed of stretched, tightly woven, rip-resistant fabric panels supported by tensile rods/wands. 16 figs

  19. 40 CFR 180.31 - Temporary tolerances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary tolerances. 180.31 Section 180.31 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS... period designed to allow the orderly marketing of the raw agricultural commodities produced while...

  20. Challenges of temporary protection in Syria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Maymann

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Forced displacement is now a defining characteristic of Iraqi society and will remain so for years to come. Many have chosen to leave for neighbouring countries, particularly Syria and Jordan, but remain in a limbo of temporary protection.

  1. 21 CFR 872.3770 - Temporary crown and bridge resin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3770 Temporary crown and bridge resin. (a... polymethylmethacrylate, intended to make a temporary prosthesis, such as a crown or bridge, for use until a...

  2. After the sunset: the residual effect of temporary legislation

    OpenAIRE

    Fagan, Frank

    2011-01-01

    textabstractThe difference between permanent legislation and temporary legislation is the default rule of termination: permanent legislation governs perpetually, while temporary legislation governs for a limited time. Recent literature on legislative timing rules considers the effect of temporary legislation to stop at the moment of expiration. When the law expires, so does its regulatory effect. This article extends that literature by examining the effect of temporary legislation beyond its ...

  3. Temporary Contracts and Young Workers' Job Satisfaction in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanni S. F. Bruno; Caroleo, Floro Ernesto; Dessy, Orietta

    2013-01-01

    The Italian process of flexibilization of the labour market has created a dual market populated by protected permanent employees and unprotected temporary workers. The latter comprises not only temporary employment relationships but also autonomous collaborations used by firms as low-cost de facto temporary employment relationships. Little is known about the quality of these temporary jobs, particularly widespread among young workers. We estimate a regression model of perceived overall job sa...

  4. 76 FR 35909 - Temporary Concession Contract for Blue Ridge Parkway

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... National Park Service Temporary Concession Contract for Blue Ridge Parkway AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of proposed award of temporary concession contracts for Blue Ridge Parkway, NC/VA...) proposes to award temporary concession contracts for the conduct of certain visitor services within...

  5. 20 CFR 416.1167 - Temporary absences and deeming rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., we consider your absence to be temporary through the date of discharge. (b) Child away at school. If... rules. (a) General. During a temporary absence, we continue to consider the absent person a member of the household. A temporary absence occurs when— (1) You, your ineligible spouse, parent, or...

  6. 48 CFR 1352.271-89 - Temporary services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... services. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1371.120, insert the following clause: Temporary Services (APR 2010) (a) Temporary services are services incidental to the performance of work which are required in the schedule or... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary services....

  7. 30 CFR 47.44 - Temporary, portable containers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary, portable containers. 47.44 Section... TRAINING HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Container Labels and Other Forms of Warning § 47.44 Temporary, portable containers. (a) The operator does not have to label a temporary, portable container if he or...

  8. A Look into the Temporary Employment Industry and Its Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, James J.; Belovics, Robert

    2008-01-01

    This article offers a brief overview of the contingent worker industry and its employees. In addition to defining temporary worker, the authors describe the importance of the temporary worker industry to the U.S. economy and the forces that have driven this industry's rapid growth. The changing profile of temporary workers, the benefits and…

  9. Temporary Employment and Perceived Employability: Mediation by Impression Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Cuyper, Nele; De Witte, Hans

    2010-01-01

    Perceived employability (PE) has been advanced as the upcoming resource for career development, particularly for temporary workers. The question is how temporary workers become employable. Our hypothesis is that temporary workers more than permanent workers use impression management to become employable, both on the internal and the external labor…

  10. Early closure of temporary ileostomy--the EASY trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Anne Kjaergaard; Correa-Marinez, Adiela; Angenete, Eva;

    2011-01-01

    and describing the time of closure in previous studies which are mostly of low quality, a recent review concluded that closing a temporary stoma within 2 weeks did not seem to be associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality. Design and methods Early closure of temporary ileostomy......-point of the study is the frequency of complications 0-12 months after surgery (the stoma creation operation). The secondary end-points of the study are (1) comparison of the total costs of the two groups at 6 and 12 months after surgery (stoma creation); (2) comparison of health......-related quality of life in the two groups evaluated with the 36-item short-form and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-CR29/CR30 at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery (stoma creation); and (3) comparison of disease-specific quality of life in the two...

  11. Temporary intravascular shunts for peripheral vascular trauma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husain A

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available Polyvinylchloride (PVC disposable endotracheal suction catheters were successfully used as temporary intravascular shunts in 5 patients of popliteal artery trauma. These simple shunts should be used routinely in such conditions to immediately re-establish blood supply to the ischaemic limb particularly in patients of polytrauma where systemic anticoagulation is contraindicated. This avoids the inherent delay prior to vascular repair and reduces the incidence of irreversible ischemia.

  12. Do temporary agency workers affect workplace performance?

    OpenAIRE

    Bryson, Alex

    2013-01-01

    Using nationally representative workplace data we find the use of temporary agency workers (TAW) is positively associated with financial performance in the British private sector and weakly associated with higher sales per employee. However TAW is not associated with value added per employee. Employees in workplaces with TAW receive higher wages than observationally equivalent employees in non-TAW workplaces. But the presence of TAW in the employee’s occupation is associated with lower wages ...

  13. Temporary Agency Workers: Social Characteristics and Employment

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Kozina

    2012-01-01

    The article is devoted to new forms of employment being formed under conditions of agency work (or leasing labour). The human capital theory postulates that marginal social groups are mainly involved into temporary agency work which doesn’t provide workers with social guarantees. It can be found on the lowest step of the social ladder. So, social costs of increase in labour market flexibility may be very high and show up discrimination of agency workers, pushing them away from the labour mark...

  14. Temporary Migrations and Restrictive Migratory Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Francesco Magris; Giuseppe Russo

    2006-01-01

    Most of the literature on immigration sees it as a permanent phenomenon, which can best be contained by adopting strict policies of border closure. On the other hand, there is considerable historical documentation to show how often immigration is temporary. That is to say, immigrants stay for a certain period of time in the rich countries so as to accumulate wealth for later use in their countries of origin. However, full-scale border closure discourages these immigrants from returning to the...

  15. Temporary Tariffs and Capital Market Restrictions

    OpenAIRE

    Saqib Jafarey; Sajal Lahiri

    2004-01-01

    We develop a two-period model with endogenous investment and credit flows. Credit is subject to quantitative restrictions. With an exogenous restriction, we analyze the welfare effects of temporary tariffs. We then consider three scenarios under which a monopoly lender optimally decides the level of credit and a borrower country chooses an import tariff: one in which the two parties act simultaneously and two scenarios where one of them has a first-mover advantage. The equilibrium under the l...

  16. Automatic management of temporary web pages

    OpenAIRE

    Lazzareschi, Pasquale

    2001-01-01

    Many web sites host temporary information about short-term events and news (conferences, meetings, competition announcements, etc.). Typically these announcements are created by manually inserting a short description into the home page with a link to a page describing the event. Of course the announcement should be inserted a certain amount of time before the event and removed afterward. Often the need for manual modification is the reason for many out-of-date web sites. This work describes a...

  17. Temporary and persistent fiscal policy shocks

    OpenAIRE

    Sola, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    Abstract This paper conducts an empirical investigation of the effects of temporary versus persistent fiscal policy shocks. Using data from the US I show that short lived fiscal expansions have a positive effect on output and consumption; while persistent fiscal shocks generate negative effects on consumption and - to a lesser extent - on output. Persistent fiscal expansions are associated with an increase in precautionary savings, collapse in consumers' confidence and an increase the yield c...

  18. Production Function Geometry with "Knightian" Total Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truett, Dale B.; Truett, Lila J.

    2007-01-01

    Authors of principles and price theory textbooks generally illustrate short-run production using a total product curve that displays first increasing and then diminishing marginal returns to employment of the variable input(s). Although it seems reasonable that a temporary range of increasing returns to variable inputs will likely occur as…

  19. Total protein

    Science.gov (United States)

    The total protein test measures the total amount of two classes of proteins found in the fluid portion of your ... nutritional problems, kidney disease or liver disease . If total protein is abnormal, you will need to have more ...

  20. Total protein

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003483.htm Total protein To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. The total protein test measures the total amount of two classes ...

  1. Temporary Cementitious Sealers in Enhanced Geothermal Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugama T.; Pyatina, T.; Butcher, T.; Brothers, L.; Bour, D.

    2011-12-31

    Unlike conventional hydrothennal geothermal technology that utilizes hot water as the energy conversion resources tapped from natural hydrothermal reservoir located at {approx}10 km below the ground surface, Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) must create a hydrothermal reservoir in a hot rock stratum at temperatures {ge}200 C, present in {approx}5 km deep underground by employing hydraulic fracturing. This is the process of initiating and propagating a fracture as well as opening pre-existing fractures in a rock layer. In this operation, a considerable attention is paid to the pre-existing fractures and pressure-generated ones made in the underground foundation during drilling and logging. These fractures in terms of lost circulation zones often cause the wastage of a substantial amount of the circulated water-based drilling fluid or mud. Thus, such lost circulation zones must be plugged by sealing materials, so that the drilling operation can resume and continue. Next, one important consideration is the fact that the sealers must be disintegrated by highly pressured water to reopen the plugged fractures and to promote the propagation of reopened fractures. In response to this need, the objective of this phase I project in FYs 2009-2011 was to develop temporary cementitious fracture sealing materials possessing self-degradable properties generating when {ge} 200 C-heated scalers came in contact with water. At BNL, we formulated two types of non-Portland cementitious systems using inexpensive industrial by-products with pozzolanic properties, such as granulated blast-furnace slag from the steel industries, and fly ashes from coal-combustion power plants. These byproducts were activated by sodium silicate to initiate their pozzolanic reactions, and to create a cemetitious structure. One developed system was sodium silicate alkali-activated slag/Class C fly ash (AASC); the other was sodium silicate alkali-activated slag/Class F fly ash (AASF) as the binder of temper

  2. Temporary new opening hours for Gate C

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    Please note the new temporary opening hours for the gate C as from 22 September 2010 until 29 October 2010 (working days): Morning: between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 a.m. Lunch: between 12:00 and 2:00 p.m. Evening: between 5:00 pm and 7:00 p.m. Traffic flow will be permitted in both directions during this period. Please minimize your speed accordingly and respect all road signs. GS-SEM Group General Infrastructure Services Department

  3. Re-design, re-use and recycle of temporary houses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arslan, Hakan [Department of Construction, Faculty of Technical Education, University of Abant Izzet Baysal, Duzce 81100 (Turkey)

    2007-01-15

    Disasters are recurring to global problems, which results in homelessness. The affected region had economical, environmental and social problems as well. In relief and reconstruction phases, the need for integrated management appeared in order to use the national sources actively and productively. Especially housing implementations had an important role for future development of the affected region. For accelerating the reconstruction of the region and forming a sustainable community, which maintains itself socially, environmentally and economically over time; energy usage for construction should be kept to a minimum. Past research in Turkey shows that the cost of temporary houses (to be used as the short term shelter) had a ratio of 10-15% of the total expenses of whole construction activity. For saving money and protecting the environment and conserving scarce resources, the affected region must consider the option of temporary houses to meet their short and long-term need during the reconstruction process. After the end of usage, temporary houses should be able to be re-used for the same or new function. This study is a test of re-design and re-use of a temporary housing site; by using recycled materials, minimum energy and voluntary participation so that this site can finally become a permanent housing site. (author)

  4. Influence of Screw Length and Bone Thickness on the Stability of Temporary Implants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Jogaib Fernandes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work was to study the influence of screw length and bone thickness on the stability of temporary implants. A total of 96 self-drilling temporary screws with two different lengths were inserted into polyurethane blocks (n = 66, bovine femurs (n = 18 and rabbit tibia (n = 12 with different cortical thicknesses (1 to 8 mm. Screws insertion in polyurethane blocks was assisted by a universal testing machine, torque peaks were collected by a digital torquemeter and bone thickness was monitored by micro-CT. The results showed that the insertion torque was significantly increased with the thickness of cortical bone from polyurethane (p < 0.0001, bovine (p = 0.0035 and rabbit (p < 0.05 sources. Cancellous bone improved significantly the mechanical implant stability. Insertion torque and insertion strength was successfully moduled by equations, based on the cortical/cancellous bone behavior. Based on the results, insertion torque and bone strength can be estimate in order to prevent failure of the cortical layer during temporary screw placement. The stability provided by a cortical thickness of 2 or 1 mm coupled to cancellous bone was deemed sufficient for temporary implants stability.

  5. Problems of intercultural communication in temporary project teams in Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Chukhray, N.; Gawrys, J.

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with the problems of managing intercultural communication in implementing temporary complex projects. The essence and tasks of communication in difficult temporary project teams are explained. The author describes the main peculiarities of intercultural communication in Ukraine and CIS countries. The problems in managing intercultural communication in implementing temporary complex projects are given on the example of designing and constructioning of the Lviv stadium "Ar...

  6. Morbidity with temporary disability in Kozloduy NPP workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Changes with time in indicators of disease incidence with temporary disability in Kozloduy NPP personnel have been studied for the period 1974-1991. The data were compared with those for 'Sofia-Iztok' TPP. The causes contributing to formation of the indicators of frequency, severity, and average duration were examined. No temporary disability because of radiation exposure has been recorded. As a whole, less temporary disability has been found at NPP than at TPP. (author)

  7. Total algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tel, G.

    1993-01-01

    We define the notion of total algorithms for networks of processes. A total algorithm enforces that a "decision" is taken by a subset of the processes, and that participation of all processes is required to reach this decision. Total algorithms are an important building block in the design of distri

  8. 38 CFR 21.6505 - Participation in the temporary program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Temporary Program of Vocational Training and... work periods and vocational rehabilitation is limited to qualified veterans. (Authority: 38 U.S.C....

  9. Vegetation of ponds and temporary streams. Study of Isoetetalia order in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Vasco Manuel Almeida

    2009-01-01

    The pioneer ephemeral vegetation of ponds and temporary streams presents a particular floristic composition, adapted to unstable ecological conditions due to the alternation between periods of flood and of total dryness. This amphibian plant species are established in soils flooded during the winter and dry in the early summer. The water depth and inundation period determine the plant communities distribution included in the Isoeto-Nanojuncetea. This class of vegetation present...

  10. Association between work-related health problems and job insecurity in permanent and temporary employees

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Won-Wook; Park, Jae-Bum; Min, Kyoung-Bok; Lee, Kyung-Jong; Kim, Min-Su

    2013-01-01

    Objectives This research was conducted with an aim of determining the correlation between job insecurity and an employee’s work-related health problems among permanent and temporary workers. Methods Using the data from the First Korean Working Conditions Survey conducted in 2006, a total of 7,071 workers, excluding employers and the self-employed, were analyzed. Work-related health problems were categorized as backache, headache, abdominal pain, muscular pain, stress, fatigue, insomnia, anxie...

  11. 42 CFR 488.54 - Temporary waivers applicable to hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary waivers applicable to hospitals. 488.54... Requirements § 488.54 Temporary waivers applicable to hospitals. (a) General provisions. If a hospital is found to be out of compliance with one or more conditions of participation for hospitals, as specified...

  12. 26 CFR 1.163-9T - Personal interest (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... than the trade or business of performing services as an employee), (ii) Any investment interest (within... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Personal interest (temporary). 1.163-9T Section...-9T Personal interest (temporary). (a) In general. No deduction under any provision of Chapter 1...

  13. 26 CFR 20.2032-1T - Alternate valuation (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Alternate valuation (temporary). 20.2032-1T...-1T Alternate valuation (temporary). (a) through (e) For further guidance, see § 20.2032-1(a) through... as of the alternate valuation date. For example, assume that the decedent, or the decedent's...

  14. 22 CFR 41.53 - Temporary workers and trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary workers and trainees. 41.53 Section 41.53 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF NONIMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Business and Media Visas § 41.53 Temporary workers and trainees. (a) Requirements for H classification....

  15. Temporary emergency pacing-an orphan in district hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjesdal, Knut; Johansen, Jens Brock; Gadler, Fredrik

    2012-01-01

    This editorial discusses a report on the 1 year experience with temporary pacing, especially in the emergency setting, in several Norwegian district hospitals. The vast majority of the patients received transvenous temporary pacing, and the majority of leads were placed by noncardiologists. The p...

  16. 26 CFR 1.181-2T - Election (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Election (temporary). 1.181-2T Section 1.181-2T...) INCOME TAXES Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations (continued) § 1.181-2T Election (temporary). (a) Time and manner of making election. (1) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this...

  17. Temporary fire sealing of penetrations on TFTR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiation shielding provided for TFTR for D-D and D-T operation will be penetrated by numerous electrical and mechanical services. Eventually, these penetrations will have to be sealed to provide the required fire resistance, tritium sealability, pressure integrity and radiation attenuation. For the initial hydrogen operation, however, fire sealing of the penetrations in the walls and floor is the primary concern. This report provides a discussion of the required and desirable properties of a temporary seal which can be used to seal these penetrations for the hydrogen operation and then subsequently be removed and replaced as required for the D-D and D-T operations. Several candidate designs are discussed and evaluated and recommendations are made for specific applications

  18. Temporary employment and employability: training opportunities and efforts of temporary and permanent employees.

    OpenAIRE

    Forrier, Anneleen; Sels, Luc; Van Hootegem, Geert; De Witte, Hans; Vander Steene, Tom

    2002-01-01

    The rise of temporary employment contributes to the fact that people can no longer count on life time employment with one employer. The conclusion that life time employment within the same organisation is no longer a prerogative for all, inspires the search for new career concepts. 'Life time employability' is often put forward as an alternative to 'life time employment'. A successful career is, then, believed to be assured by having and obtaining the appropriate capacities for being continuo...

  19. 47 CFR 5.61 - Procedure for obtaining a special temporary authorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... temporary authorization. (a) The Commission may issue a special temporary authorization under this part in...) Frequency(ies) desired. (9) Maximum effective radiated power (ERP) or equivalent isotrophically...

  20. Permanent and temporary pacemaker implantation after orthotopic heart transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bacal Fernando

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE:To determine the indication for and incidence and evolution of temporary and permanent pacemaker implantation in cardiac transplant recipients. METHODS: A retrospective review of 114 patients who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation InCor (Heart Institute USP BR between March 1985 and May 1993. We studied the incidence of and indication for temporary pacing, the relationship between pacing and rejection, the need for pemanent pacing and the clinical follow-up. RESULTS: Fourteen of 114 (12%heart transplant recipients required temporary pacing and 4 of 114 (3.5% patients required permanent pacing. The indication for temporary pacing was sinus node dysfunction in 11 patients (78.5% and atrioventricular (AV block in 3 patients (21.4%. The indication for permanent pacemaker implantation was sinus node dysfunction in 3 patients (75% and atrioventricular (AV block in 1 patient (25%. We observed rejection in 3 patients (21.4% who required temporary pacing and in 2 patients (50% who required permanent pacing. The previous use of amiodarone was observed in 10 patients (71.4% with temporary pacing. Seven of the 14 patients (50% died during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Sinus node dysfunction was the principal indication for temporary and permanent pacemaker implantation in cardiac transplant recipients. The need for pacing was related to worse prognosis after cardiac transplantation.

  1. Improving equity in the use of temporary workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter sets out and argues for procedures and criteria for determining which, and under what circumstances, persons may justifiably be employed as temporary workers in the nuclear industry. The author argues that the same procedures for informed consent that now apply to subjects in human experiments should also govern these prospective workers. The analogy between experimentation and the practice of using temporary workers breaks down in the case of women of child-bearing age, and the author argues that this should circumscribe the pool if individuals form which temporary workers may be selected. 4 references, 2 footnotes

  2. Allergic contact dermatitis to temporary tattoo by p-phenylenediamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pegas, J R P; Criado, P R; Criado, R F J; Vasconcellos, C; Pires, M C

    2002-01-01

    Temporary tattoos are widely applied today all over the world. The tattoo makers explain that they use "natural henna paint," although in fact they use "black henna," which includes a mixture of many substances, among them p-phenylenediamine (PPD). There have recently been many reports of allergic contact dermatitis because of temporary tattoo with PPD sensitization. We are adding a new case of temporary tattoo with black henna with an extensive reaction, in which a 12-year-old white boy showed contact dermatitis from PPD, followed by cutaneous eruption after corticosteroid topical treatment. PMID:12109535

  3. Temporary pace makers implantation: do we need fluoroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Temporary pace maker (TPM) implantation is done mostly in emergency with assistance of fluoroscopy. Fluoroscopy has various constrains which may delay the procedure at different occasion. We are going to share our experience in TPM implantation without fluoroscopy from internal jugular vein. Methods: The case series study was conducted in Hayatabad Medical complex Peshawar from January 2011 to November 2011. Internal jugular vein was cannulated with 6 French sheaths in the supra-clavicular region with modified Seldinger technique. TPM wire connected to the TPM device and advanced in the sheath to the right ventricle. Position was confirmed from captured beat on monitor. There was no need of repositioning and lead remains stable. Results: Total 122 TPM leads were implanted in the study period. All patients were implanted from internal jugular vein. There were 71 male and 51 female patients. Among these patients 55 were in hemodynamically unstable state. The average time of implantation was less than 10 minutes. There was failure in one case. So the overall success rate was 99.180%. Conclusion: TPM implantation from the internal jugular vein even without fluoroscopy is safe, less time consuming and convenient. (author)

  4. Temporary intestinal ischemia for radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most important determinant of cellular radiosensivity is the tissue oxygen content at the time of irradiation. The purpose of the present experimental work was to assess a new iscemia-inducing method in order to reduce normal tissue radiation damage during radiotherapy. Temporary ischemia was induced in a cat small intestine by degraded starch microspheres. Regional arterial and tissue blod flow immediately fell by 85% with subsequent normalization within 26 minutes after microsphere injection. No tendency of small vessel thrombosis caused by starch sphere embolization in combination with previous or current intestinal irradiation was detected. Starch sphere remenants were rapidly engulfed by, and persisted within tissue macrophages for 14 days without causing intestinal inflammatory reactions. In vitro studies showed that human platelets neither adhered to nor were aggregated by starch microspheres. The new method, wich occlude arteriolar vessels distal to the mesentric arterial arcades and thus largely excludes collateral blood flow, seems suited to provide effictive and selective feline small intestinal hypoxic radiation protection. This conclusion may also be valid in man

  5. Sealing of temporary cements in endodontics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gomes Ferraz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the coronal leakage of three temporary cements in endodontics: Bioplic® (Biodinâmica, Londrina, Brazil, IRM® (Dentsply, Petrópolis, Brazil and Coltosol® (Vigodent, Bonsucesso, Brazil. Methods: Forty human pre-molars were divided into four groups: I (Bioplic® + adhesive system, II (Bioplic®, Biodinâmica, Londrina, Brasil, III (IRM®, Dentsply, Petrópolis, Brasil, and IV (Coltosol®, Vigodent, Bonsucesso, Brasil. The teeth were immersed in 1% Rodamine and kept at 37°C for 24h. They were then thermal cycled for seven days. Temperatures ranged between 5, 37 and 50°C. After longitudinal sectioning the leakage was measured in mm and statistical analysis was performed using the ANOVA and Tukey tests with a level of significance of 5%.Results: In the group in which Bioplic® was used with adhesive, a lower level of leakage was detected (0.37 ± 0.24. There was significant difference (p<0.05 between groups I and III, I and IV, II and III. Conclusion: It was concluded that all the tested material showed coronal leakage and that the use of the (Bioplic® Biodinâmica, Londrina, Brasilplus adhesive system showed the lowest level of leakage.

  6. ESDRED Temporary Sealing Technology Final Technical Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work in the ESDRED In te grated Project Module 4, Temporary Sealing (using low pH cement) Technology, consisted first of designing a low pH cement formulation and then of preparing several concrete designs suitable for the construction of sealing plugs and for rock support using shot crete techniques. Regarding sealing plugs, a short plug was constructed at Aspo in Sweden and it was very quickly loaded to failure i.e. slippage by applying water pressure to one face. A second, full scale plug was subsequently constructed at Grimsel test site in Switzerland. It was loaded using the swelling pressure created by bentonite blocks which were artificially hydrated. At time of writing the targeted pressure on the plug was not reached. As the saturation of the bentonite is taking longer than expected the partners involved agreed to continue with the saturation of the bentonite blocks and the related data monitoring beyond the ESDRED Project. The studies on low-pH shot crete for rock sup port were based on available recipes of low-pH concrete mixtures for use in a repository. Pilot and full scale tests were carried out in Sweden and in Switzerland. (Author) 5 refs

  7. Prospective analysis of indications and early complications of emergency temporary loop ileostomies for perforation peritonitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhary, Poras; Nabi, Ishaq; Ranjan, Gyan; Tiwari, Alok Kumar; Kumar, Sanjay; Kapur, Arun; Arora, Mohinder P.

    2015-01-01

    Background To determine the indications, nature, and rate of early complications of temporary loop ileostomy created in emergency for benign diseases, their management, and to find out the associated risk factors. Methods A total of 630 patients undergoing temporary loop ileostomy for benign diseases were studied prospectively over a period of 6 years. Stoma-related early complications occurring within 6-8 weeks were analyzed. Only emergency cases were included in this study. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data and statistical significance was evaluated by applying the Pearson’s chi-square test. Results Typhoid perforation (n=402) was the most commonpathology, followed by tuberculosis (n=106); trauma (n=81); and intestinal obstruction with gangrenous bowel (n=41). 299 patients had no stoma-related complications. Skin excoriation was the most commonstoma-related complication. Age more than 50 years; shock at presentation; delay in presentation; delay in surgery; presence of comorbidities; and surgery done out of working hours, were associated with increased complications. Conclusion Temporary loop ileostomy for perforation peritonitis due to benign systemic diseases like typhoid fever and tuberculosis confers a very high morbidity. PMID:25609137

  8. Temporary Placement of Stent Grafts in Postsurgical Benign Biliary Strictures: a Single Center Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the effect of temporary stent graft placement in the treatment of benign anastomotic biliary strictures. Nine patients, five women and four men, 22-64 years old (mean, 47.5 years), with chronic benign biliary anastomotic strictures, refractory to repeated balloon dilations, were treated by prolonged, temporary placement of stent-grafts. Four patients had strictures following a liver transplantation; three of them in bilio-enteric anastomoses and one in a choledocho-choledochostomy. Four of the other five patients had strictures at bilio-enteric anastomoses, which developed after complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomies and in one after a Whipple procedure for duodenal carcinoma. In eight patients, balloon-expandable stent-grafts were placed and one patient was treated by insertion of a self-expanding stent-graft. In the transplant group, treatment of patients with bilio-enteric anastomoses was unsuccessful (mean stent duration, 30 days). The patient treated for stenosis in the choledocho-choledochostomy responded well to consecutive self-expanding stent-graft placement (total placement duration, 112 days). All patients with bilio-enteric anastomoses in the non-transplant group were treated successfully with stent-grafts (mean placement duration, 37 days). Treatment of benign biliary strictures with temporary placement of stent-grafts has a positive effect, but is less successful in patients with strictures developed following a liver transplant.

  9. Temporary Placement of Stent Grafts in Postsurgical Benign Biliary Strictures: a Single Center Experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vellody, Ranjith; Willatt, Jnonathon M.; Arabi, Mohammad; Cwikiel, Wojciech B [Division of Interventional Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (United States)

    2011-11-15

    To evaluate the effect of temporary stent graft placement in the treatment of benign anastomotic biliary strictures. Nine patients, five women and four men, 22-64 years old (mean, 47.5 years), with chronic benign biliary anastomotic strictures, refractory to repeated balloon dilations, were treated by prolonged, temporary placement of stent-grafts. Four patients had strictures following a liver transplantation; three of them in bilio-enteric anastomoses and one in a choledocho-choledochostomy. Four of the other five patients had strictures at bilio-enteric anastomoses, which developed after complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomies and in one after a Whipple procedure for duodenal carcinoma. In eight patients, balloon-expandable stent-grafts were placed and one patient was treated by insertion of a self-expanding stent-graft. In the transplant group, treatment of patients with bilio-enteric anastomoses was unsuccessful (mean stent duration, 30 days). The patient treated for stenosis in the choledocho-choledochostomy responded well to consecutive self-expanding stent-graft placement (total placement duration, 112 days). All patients with bilio-enteric anastomoses in the non-transplant group were treated successfully with stent-grafts (mean placement duration, 37 days). Treatment of benign biliary strictures with temporary placement of stent-grafts has a positive effect, but is less successful in patients with strictures developed following a liver transplant.

  10. Emergency Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Data Report System (ETDR)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Race data of each family member as a part of the demographic characteristics data of families receiving assistance under the State's Temporary Assistance for Needy...

  11. What Can Officials Learn From Temporary Overseas Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On November 22, Beijing’s Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and

  12. Temporary loop ileostomy: prospective study of indications and complication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To asses the indications and complications of temporary loop ileostomy. This was a prospective cohort study conducted at Isra University Hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan between February 2003 and August 2006. All patients who had temporary loop ileostomy during that period were included in this study. The indications and various postoperative complications were noted during postoperative hospital stay and subsequently during follow up till stoma were closed. Fifty six patients fulfilled the selection criteria during the study period. Typhoid (enteric) perforation was the most common indication of loop ileostomy accounting for about two thirds of all cases. Other indications were iatrogenic, covering ileostomy for rectal cancers, following resection anastomosis, tuberculosis, blunt abdominal trauma, anastomosis leak and rectovaginal fistula. Post operative skin excoriation was the most common complication while poor siting, transient edema, retraction and high output were other less common complications. Temporary loop ileostomy is the stoma of choice for temporary faecal diversion as most of its complications are manageable conservatively. (author)

  13. New Moms' Hair Loss Usually Temporary, Expert Says

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160480.html New Moms' Hair Loss Usually Temporary, Expert Says Blame falling ... news release. She offers these tips for new moms who are bothered by thinning hair: Use a ...

  14. Temporary overdrafts pricing in a competitive credit scenario

    OpenAIRE

    ABI

    2010-01-01

    Adequate remuneration of temporary overdrafts must reflect their nature and allow full competition among banks in formulating the pricing in a context of simplicity, transparency and comparability for the customers.

  15. Temporary events and spaces in the Swedish primary art market

    OpenAIRE

    Jansson, Johan

    2014-01-01

    Traditionally, the art market is associated with specific cities or art districts; typically there are internationally renowned locations like Paris, New York and Berlin. However, taking a closer look at the art markets, it is rather the temporal dimensions that are striking. Art market actors (artists, critics, gallerists, buyers, collectors, curators, etc.) are gathering in temporary locations and at temporary events such as art exhibition openings, art fairs, auctions, performances and ver...

  16. Impact of Paternal Temporary Absence on Children Left Behind

    OpenAIRE

    Booth, Alison L; Tamura, Yuji

    2009-01-01

    Using the first two waves of the Vietnam Living Standards Survey, we investigate how a father’s temporary absence affects children left behind in terms of their school attendance, household expenditures on education, and nonhousework labour supply in the 1990s. The estimating subsample is children aged 7-18 in households in which both parents usually coreside and the mother has not been absent. Our results indicate that paternal temporary absence increases non housework labour supply by his s...

  17. What Can Officials Learn From Temporary Overseas Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On November 22, Beijing's Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and in the governmental sectors of the United States and other developed countries. The annual budget for the temporary overseas civil service program is estimated at 50 million yuan ($7.5 million).

  18. Temporary migration in theories of international mobility of labour

    OpenAIRE

    Katarzyna Budnik

    2011-01-01

    There is an arising consensus on the empirical importance of temporary labour migration. In acknowledgement of this fact the present overview summarizes literature that deals with drivers and effects of temporary labour movements. The overview sets together relevant elements of migration initiation and perpetuation, return migration and international trade theories. It also complies conclusions from a growing body of empirical literature on re-emigration to the country of origin, remittances ...

  19. POLYTETRAFLUOROETYLENE TAPE AS TEMPORARY RESTORATIVE MATERIAL: A FLUID FILTRATION STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Keziban Olcay; Liviu SteIer; Hilal Erdoğan; Sema Belli

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the sealing ability of temporary restorative materials at 24 hrs and 1 week. Materials and Methods: Endodontic access cavities were prepared in 56 extracted lower incisor-teeth and divided into 5 groups (n=10). Standard 5 mm deep access preparations were completed and root canals were prepared to size ISO #30 file. The access cavities were restored as follows: Group 1: temporary restorative material (Ceivitron); Grou...

  20. Chironomids (Diptera, Nematocera) of Temporary Pools - an Ecological Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Dettinger-Klemm, Paul-Martin Andreas

    2004-01-01

    The main aim of the present study was to determine how Chironomidae cope with the environmental changes to which temporary pools are exposed. Are the species specifically adapted to the habitat or opportunistic? The problem was approached by: (a) an emergence study done in the Lahnberge mountain range (Marburg, Hesse, Germany) on three pools that were subjected to different lengths of drought (two of which were really temporary an...

  1. Coronal Microleakage for Readymade and Hand Mixed Temporary Filling Materials

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the sealing ability of the readymade temporary filling and hand mixed materials by assessing coronal microleakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS Standardized access cavities were prepared in 80 intact human permanent premolar teeth. They were divided randomly into four experimental groups (n=20). The teeth were restored using one of the temporary materials including Cavisol, Litrak, Zinc phosphate cement, Zinconol (IRM). Thermocycling wa...

  2. Release of cetyl pyridinium chloride from fatty acid chelate temporary dental cement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurt, Andrew; Coleman, Nichola J.; Tüzüner, Tamer; Bagis, Bora; Korkmaz, Fatih Mehmet; Nicholson, John W.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective To determine whether the antimicrobial nature of a fatty acid chelate temporary dental cement can be enhanced by the addition of 5% cetyl pyridinium chloride (CPC). Materials and methods The temporary cement, Cavex Temporary was employed, and additions of CPC were made to either the base or the catalyst paste prior to mixing the cement. Release of CPC from set cement specimens was followed using reverse-phase HPLC for a period of up to 2 weeks following specimen preparation. Potential interactions between Cavex and CPC were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and antimicrobial effects were determined using zone of inhibition measurements after 24 h with disc-shaped specimens in cultured Streptococcus mutans. Results FTIR showed no interaction between CPC and the components of the cement. CPC release was found to follow a diffusion mechanism for the first 6 h or so, and to equilibrate after approximately 2 weeks, with no significant differences between release profiles when the additive was incorporated into the base or the catalyst paste. Diffusion was rapid, and had a diffusion coefficient of approximately 1 × 10−9 m2 s−1 in both cases. Total release was in the range 10–12% of the CPC loading. Zones of inhibition around discs containing CPC were significantly larger than those around the control discs of CPC-free cement. Conclusions The antimicrobial character of this temporary cement can be enhanced by the addition of CPC. Such enhancement is of potential clinical value, though further in vivo work is needed to confirm this. PMID:27335898

  3. Temporary modifications and minor changes - Threats to safety?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Generally speaking every operating Nuclear Power Plant in the world faced, faces and will face operating abnormalities caused by improper installation of minor changes and or temporary modifications. One of the questions normally brought up from the root cause analysis of such events is: does the existing process to approve and instill such changes have an embodied safety analysis on it? One fact is that it is easier to install a temporary modification than a permanent minor change, due to the specifics traits of such processes. Another fact is that the temporary modification is a serious candidate to a permanent minor change, without the necessary technical and safety review analysis. The international experience also demonstrates that not all modifications installed at the plant are controlled, because what deserves control is different from plant to plant. This is specially true at the old plants in the panels with relay actuation devices. In some plants, at the operating floor, there are common practices of installing masking tapes or similar things to hold relays contacts. Other practices allows for the installation of hoses, wire extensions and floor drain caps without adequate paperwork, because they are simple, would only stay for some hours or days, they would not be left unattended, etc, etc and mainly because the required paperwork will take hours or even days to be approved. This sense of urgency is one of the driving force that motivates the installation of unauthorized temporary modifications. Another driving force is the internal bureaucracy related to the approval of a Temporary Modification. The bar or the criteria to identify plant alterations that should deserve a dedicated process control, unfortunately is not the same for every plant. International experience demonstrate that the following plant alterations should be identified and processed through controlled means: Disabled alarms, Lifted leads, Electrical jumpers, Temporary set point changes

  4. Biological diversity of copepods and cladocerans in Mediterranean temporary ponds under periods of contrasting rainfall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-José BOAVIDA

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The zooplankton communities of 5 temporary ponds in the Northern part of the Natural Park of the Southwest and Vicentina Coast (PNCSV, Southwestern Portugal, were studied during two consecutive years of contrasting rainfall. A total of ten cladoceran species and eleven copepod species (3 diaptomids, 5 cyclopoids and 3 harpacticoids were recorded. The community structure varied along the hydrological period of the ponds. Some species were restricted to the early period of the pond (Diaptomus kenitraensis, Hemidiaptomus roubaui, Daphnia hispanica while others started to build large populations in the middle of the hydroperiod and dominated the communities at the later stages of the hydroperiod: Dussartius baeticus and Ceriodaphnia reticulata dominated the larger ponds, while C. reticulata and Simocephalus exspinosus dominated the smaller ponds. Alpha and beta diversity of cladoceran and copepod species were calculated for the ponds of different hydroperiod length (i.e., water residence time and area. Alpha diversity was defined as the total diversity of species associated with each pond throughout the annual hydrological period. Copepod and cladoceran communities associated with larger ponds were more diverse than the communities of smaller ponds. As several pond species occur in succession during the length of hydrological period, a longer hydroperiod (2006/2007 allowed for the establishment of a larger number of species than a shorter hydroperiod (2007/2008. Beta diversity was considered as the turnover of species in the gradient of pond area and was higher in the longer hydrological period than in the shorter hydrological period. The degree of diversity change between pairs of ponds was larger between any of the two smaller ponds and any of the larger ponds. This is the first study on the richness of planktonic micro-crustaceans in Portuguese temporary ponds. It is our purpose to increase the knowledge on these taxa to highlight the importance

  5. The technical concept of a temporary store for fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the German federal government's opinion, interim storage on the sites of nuclear power plants of spent fuel elements is to minimize the number of transports within Germany. As a span of approximately five years must be bridged until the interim stores now planned and filed for will be commissioned and, at the same time, transport activities are to be reduced, a kind of anticipated interim storage, or temporary storage, on power plant sites is unavoidable. The concept for the temporary storage of spent fuel elements is described in the article. On the basis of this concept, the Neckar Joint Nuclear Power Station recently was awarded a storage permit for nuclear fuels under Sec. 6 of the German Atomic Energy Act. Temporary stores following the same concept have been filed for, and are now in the licensing procedure, for another four sites (Philippsburg, Biblis, Kruemmel, Brunsbuettel). (orig.)

  6. Transforming knowledge across domains in the temporary development spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønnum, Louise

    constitutions of these temporary spaces. There seems to be a limited understanding of: how knowledge is transferred and transformed into design objects facilitating a process where knowledge enables innovative thinking across knowledge boundaries. The paper is based on empirical data primarily from case studies...... knowledge between domains [Carlile 2002, Star 2010, Binder et al 2011]. Additional literature on the constitution of temporary development spaces will be relevant in the analysis. The paper examines a range of heterogeneous actors engaged in the transformation process [Latour 1999, Callon 1988; Jensen 2003......This paper addresses transformation of knowledge across different knowledge domains and competencies in the Front End of Innovation (FEI) [Koen 2002].We examine the temporary spaces [Clausen, Yoshinaka 2007] that emerge when different knowledge domains are brought into play (implicit or explicit...

  7. A Case of Localized Hypertrichosis Due to Temporary Henna Tattoo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deren Özcan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Temporary henna tattoos have become very popular among children and teenagers in recent years. However, the use of additives to shorten the application time and darken the color of commercial henna, such as para-phenylenediamine, has led to an increased risk of complications due to those tattoos. The most commonly seen complications are allergic contact dermatitis, hypertrophic scarring, keloid formation, hyperpigmentation, and hypopigmentation. Herein; a 13-year-old girl who developed localized hypertrichosis after a temporary henna tattoo application was presented.

  8. Temporary seismic networks on active volcanoes of Kamchatka (Russia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakovlev, Andrey; Koulakov, Ivan; Abkadyrov, Ilyas; Shapiro, Nikolay; Kuznetsov, Pavel; Deev, Evgeny; Gordeev, Evgeny; Chebrov, Viktor

    2016-04-01

    We present details of four field campaigns carried out on different volcanoes of Kamchatka in 2012-2015. Each campaign was performed in three main steps: (i) installation of the temporary network of seismic stations; (ii) autonomous continuous registration of three component seismic signal; (III) taking off the network and downloading the registered data. During the first campaign started in September 2012, 11 temporary stations were installed over the Avacha group of volcanoes located 30 km north to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in addition to the seven permanent stations operated by the Kamchatkan Branch of the Geophysical Survey (KBGS). Unfortunately, with this temporary network we faced with two obstacles. The first problem was the small amount of local earthquakes, which were detected during operation time. The second problem was an unexpected stop of several stations only 40 days after deployment. Nevertheless, after taking off the network in August 2013, the collected data appeared to be suitable for analysis using ambient noise. The second campaign was conducted in period from August 2013 to August 2014. In framework of the campaign, 21 temporary stations were installed over Gorely volcano, located 70 km south to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Just in time of the network deployment, Gorely Volcano became very seismically active - every day occurred more than 100 events. Therefore, we obtain very good dataset with information about thousands of local events, which could be used for any type of seismological analysis. The third campaign started in August 2014. Within this campaign, we have installed 19 temporary seismic stations over Tolbachik volcano, located on the south side of the Klyuchevskoy volcano group. In the same time on Tolbachik volcano were installed four temporary stations and several permanent stations operated by the KBGS. All stations were taking off in July 2015. As result, we have collected a large dataset, which is now under preliminary analysis

  9. Need for relevant timescales when crediting temporary carbon storage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Susanne Vedel; Hauschild, Michael Zwicky

    2013-01-01

    carbon storage in carbon footprinting. Methods: Implications of using a 100-year accounting period is evaluated via a literature review study of the global carbon cycle, as well as by analysing the crediting approaches that are exemplified by the PAS 2050 scheme for crediting temporary carbon storage...... mitigation of the rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration is required and in this perspective, shorter storage times may still provide climatic benefits. Conclusions: Both short- and long-term perspectives should be considered when crediting temporary carbon storage, addressing both acute effects on...

  10. Flexibilisation without Hesitation? Temporary Contracts and Workers’ Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Chadi, Adrian; Hetschko, Clemens

    2013-01-01

    Fixed-term contracts are often considered a key policy tool for increasing employment. As we show that contract limitation lowers job satisfaction using data from the German Socio- Economic Panel study, we detect a drawback of promoting temporary employment that has not been identified so far. We find that the “honeymoon-hangover” effect of a new job must be taken into account to reveal this result. We examine reasons why employees suffer from temporary contracts and analyse the “Flexicurity”...

  11. 78 FR 24239 - Temporary Mailing Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... that employ Full Service Intelligent Mail barcodes (IMb). The total value of the promotion will be... Periodicals, and Package Services Bound Printed Matter Flats (collectively, Qualifying Mail). Id. at 3. To be.... Pricing Class of mail authority (%) First-Class Mail 0.077 Standard Mail 0.158 Periodicals 0.244...

  12. 75 FR 63184 - Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... ADMINISTRATION Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide Policy, General Services... of agencies subject to the FTR to enhance travel cost savings and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This guidance will improve management of agency travel programs, save money on travel costs,...

  13. 18 CFR 2.57 - Temporary certificates-pipeline companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-pipeline companies. 2.57 Section 2.57 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... Policy and Interpretations Under the Natural Gas Act § 2.57 Temporary certificates—pipeline companies... the proposed construction is of major proportions. Pipeline companies are accordingly urged to...

  14. Electrochemical Sensing Based on Printable Temporary Transfer Tattoos†

    OpenAIRE

    Windmiller, Joshua Ray; Bandodkar, Amay Jairaj; Valdés-Ramírez, Gabriela; Parkhomovsky, Serguey; Martinez, Alexandra Gabrielle; Wang, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    The realization of epidermal chemical sensing requires a fabrication methodology compatible with the non-planarity and irregularities of the human anatomy. This Communication describes the development of printed temporary transfer tattoo (T3) electrochemical sensors for physiological and security monitoring of chemical constituents leading towards the demonstration of ‘electronic skin’.

  15. 25 CFR 700.175 - Temporary emergency moves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... individual or family is subject to conditions hazardous to his or his family's health or safety. (2) The... standards will be available for occupancy by the persons temporarily rehoused. (4) Prior to the move, the... temporary occupancy. (3) In the case of the family or individual, (i) a copy of the written assurance...

  16. Training "Expendable" Workers: Temporary Foreign Workers in Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Alison; Foster, Jason; Cambre, Carolina

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore the experiences of Temporary Foreign Workers in health care in Alberta, Canada. In 2007-2008, one of the regional health authorities in the province responded to a shortage of workers by recruiting 510 health-care workers internationally; most were trained as Registered Nurses (RNs) in the Philippines.…

  17. Following control for a UUV using temporary path generation guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Zheping; Chi, Dongnan; Zhou, Jiajia; Zhao, Yufei

    2012-06-01

    A path following control algorithm for an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) using temporary path generation guidance was proposed in this paper. Owing to different initial states of the vehicle, such as position and orientation, the path following control in the horizontal plane may yield a poor performance. To deal with the negative effect induced by initial states, a temporary path generation was presented based on the relationship between the original reference path and the vehicle's initial states. With different relative positions between the vehicle and reference path, including out of straight lines, as well as inside and outside a circle, the related temporary paths guiding the vehicle to the reference path were able to be generated in real time. The vehicle was guided to steer along the temporary path until it reached the tangent point at the reference path, where the controller was designed using the input-output feedback linearization method. Simulation results demonstrated that the proposed algorithm is effective under the three different situations mentioned above.

  18. 26 CFR 1.444-2T - Tiered structure (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... structure on December 31, 1988. (e) Same taxable year exception—(1) In general. Although a partnership or S...) Definition of tiered structure—(i) General rule. For purposes of the same taxable year exception, the members... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tiered structure (temporary). 1.444-2T Section...

  19. Eugenol-based temporary luting cement possesses antioxidative properties

    OpenAIRE

    Ilić Dragan; Obradović-Đuričić Kosovka; Antonijević Đorđe; Todorović Tatjana

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Antioxidants protect against reactive oxygen species and expose beneficial anti-inflammatory activity when in contact with biological tissues. Dental materials that are used as temporary luting on fixed dental restorations are often in contact with injured gingival tissue, hence they should contain anti-inflammatory characteristics that are essential after prosthetic procedures preceding cementation of final restauration. Objective. The aim of...

  20. 41 CFR 101-1.103 - FPMR temporary regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true FPMR temporary regulations. 101-1.103 Section 101-1.103 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS GENERAL 1-INTRODUCTION 1.1-Regulation System §...

  1. Building principles of equality in the Finnish temporary agency work sector : How can the Finnish temporary agency work policies be developed to encourage fair and equal treatment of temporary agency employees?

    OpenAIRE

    Eskola, Katja

    2010-01-01

    Temporary agency work has been generating discussion at government levels and academic circles as well as among trade unions internationally. The level of job quality and the rights of temporary employees have been topics of debate for years, but not much has been agreed upon. National legislations, diverse labour market structures and cross-cultural differences are the main reasons that complicate drafting internationally viable regulations for the use of temporary agency work, for example, ...

  2. 20 CFR 655.208 - Temporary labor certification applications involving fraud or willful misrepresentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... involving fraud or willful misrepresentation. 655.208 Section 655.208 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... Temporary labor certification applications involving fraud or willful misrepresentation. (a) If possible fraud or willful misrepresentation involving a temporary labor certification application is...

  3. Physical performance deterioration of temporary housing residents after the Great East Japan Earthquake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takeaki Ishii

    2015-01-01

    We revealed that standing stability was impaired among elderly temporary housing residents 1.5 years after the disaster. Disaster responders should take into account the health risks associated with living in temporary housing.

  4. Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chin, S.M.

    2002-07-31

    Traffic congestion and its impacts significantly affect the nation's economic performance and the public's quality of life. In most urban areas, travel demand routinely exceeds highway capacity during peak periods. In addition, events such as crashes, vehicle breakdowns, work zones, adverse weather, and suboptimal signal timing cause temporary capacity losses, often worsening the conditions on already congested highway networks. The impacts of these temporary capacity losses include delay, reduced mobility, and reduced reliability of the highway system. They can also cause drivers to re-route or reschedule trips. Prior to this study, no nationwide estimates of temporary losses of highway capacity had been made by type of capacity-reducing event. Such information is vital to formulating sound public policies for the highway infrastructure and its operation. This study is an initial attempt to provide nationwide estimates of the capacity losses and delay caused by temporary capacity-reducing events. The objective of this study was to develop and implement methods for producing national-level estimates of the loss of capacity on the nation's highway facilities due to temporary phenomena as well as estimates of the impacts of such losses. The estimates produced by this study roughly indicate the magnitude of problems that are likely be addressed by the Congress during the next re-authorization of the Surface Transportation Programs. The scope of the study includes all urban and rural freeways and principal arterials in the nation's highway system for 1999. Specifically, this study attempts to quantify the extent of temporary capacity losses due to crashes, breakdowns, work zones, weather, and sub-optimal signal timing. These events can cause impacts such as capacity reduction, delays, trip rescheduling, rerouting, reduced mobility, and reduced reliability. This study focuses on the reduction of capacity and resulting delays caused by the temporary

  5. 33 CFR 74.01-15 - Charges for placement of temporary aids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... temporary aids. 74.01-15 Section 74.01-15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION CHARGES FOR COAST GUARD AIDS TO NAVIGATION WORK Charges to the Public § 74.01-15 Charges for placement of temporary aids. Charges for placement of temporary aids will...

  6. 77 FR 59943 - Extension of the Designation of Haiti for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Temporary Protected Status (Form I-821). You only need to pay the Application for Temporary Protected Status... . You do not need to pay the Application for Temporary Protected Status (Form I-821) fee for a re... English and Spanish only. Further information will also be available at local USCIS offices...

  7. 77 FR 52711 - Appalachian Power; Notice of Temporary Variance of License and Soliciting Comments, Motions To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Appalachian Power; Notice of Temporary Variance of License and...: Temporary Variance of License. b. Project No: 739-033. c. Date Filed: August 7, 2012. d. Applicant... filed. k. Description of Application: The licensee requests a temporary variance to allow for a...

  8. 32 CFR 700.939 - Granting of asylum and temporary refuge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Granting of asylum and temporary refuge. 700.939... Officer Present Contents § 700.939 Granting of asylum and temporary refuge. (a) If an official of the Department of the Navy is requested to provide asylum or temporary refuge, the following procedures...

  9. Temporary abdominal closure in the critically ill patients with an open abdomen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghodratollah Maddah

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The emergent abdominal surgeries from either of traumatic or non traumatic causes can result in situations in which the abdominal wall cannot initially be closed. Many techniques have been reported for temporary coverage of the exposed viscera, but the result of various techniques remains unclear. During 94 months, 19 critically ill patients whit an open abdomen underwent surgery using plastic bags (Bogotá bag. The study population comprised of 11 (57.9% male and 8 (42.1% female with an average age of 32.26+14.8 years. The main indications for temporary abdominal coverage were as follows: planned reoperation in 11 (57.9% patients, subjective judgment that the fascia closure is too tight in 6 (31.6% patient's damage control surgery in one patient (5.3% and development of abdominal compartment surgery in one patient (5.3%. Surgical conditions requiring temporary abdominal closure was severe post operative peritonitis in 9 (47.4% patients, post operative intestinal fistula in 4 (21.1% patients, post traumatic intra abdominal bleeding in 3 (15.8% patients and intestinal obstructions in 3 (15.8% patients. Length of hospitalization was 45+23.25 days and the mean total number of laparotomies was 6.2+3.75 times per patient. Three bowel fistulas occurred due to a missed injury at the time of initial operation that was discovered during changing the plastic sheet. They were unrelated to coverage technique. All of them were treated by repair of the defect and serosal patch by adjacent bowel loop. Only one (10.0% patient underwent definitive closure within 6 months of initial operation. The remaining survivor has declined to have hernia repaired. There were 4 (%21.1 early postoperative deaths that were not related to the abdominal coverage technique. Also, there were 5 (26.3% late deaths that were due to dissemination of malignancy with a mean survival time of 20.8+13 (range 2-54 months. Currently 10 patients (52.6% are alive at a follow up of 45 (range 1

  10. Temporary abdominal closure in the critically ill patients with an open abdomen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddah, Ghodratollah; Shabahang, Hossein; Abdollahi, Abbas; Zehi, Vahid; Abdollahi, Mohsen

    2014-01-01

    The emergent abdominal surgeries from either of traumatic or non traumatic causes can result in situations in which the abdominal wall cannot initially be closed. Many techniques have been reported for temporary coverage of the exposed viscera, but the result of various techniques remains unclear. During 94 months, 19 critically ill patients whit an open abdomen underwent surgery using plastic bags (Bogotá bag). The study population comprised of 11 (57.9%) male and 8 (42.1%) female with an average age of 32.26+14.8 years. The main indications for temporary abdominal coverage were as follows: planned reoperation in 11 (57.9%) patients, subjective judgment that the fascia closure is too tight in 6 (31.6%) patient's damage control surgery in one patient (5.3%) and development of abdominal compartment surgery in one patient (5.3%). Surgical conditions requiring temporary abdominal closure was severe post operative peritonitis in 9 (47.4%) patients, post operative intestinal fistula in 4 (21.1%) patients, post traumatic intra abdominal bleeding in 3 (15.8%) patients and intestinal obstructions in 3 (15.8%) patients. Length of hospitalization was 45+23.25 days and the mean total number of laparotomies was 6.2+3.75 times per patient. Three bowel fistulas occurred due to a missed injury at the time of initial operation that was discovered during changing the plastic sheet. They were unrelated to coverage technique. All of them were treated by repair of the defect and serosal patch by adjacent bowel loop. Only one (10.0%) patient underwent definitive closure within 6 months of initial operation. The remaining survivor has declined to have hernia repaired. There were 4 (%21.1) early postoperative deaths that were not related to the abdominal coverage technique. Also, there were 5 (26.3%) late deaths that were due to dissemination of malignancy with a mean survival time of 20.8+13 (range 2-54) months. Currently 10 patients (52.6%) are alive at a follow up of 45 (range 1

  11. Evaluation of sealing ability of two temporary resin-based cements used in Endodontics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paloma Mariana Ramos Bitencourt

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The outcome of endodontic treatment is related to the sealing ability of temporary dental restoration, which aims to prevent bacterial infiltration and recontamination of the root canal system.Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sealing ability of two temporary resin-based cements: Fill Magic Tempo and Bioplic.Material and methods: Twenty-four third molars were used, and twenty-two of them were opened to the pulp chamber (resulting in a class I cavity and randomly divided: group 1 was restored using Fill Magic Tempo (n = 10 and group 2 was restored using Bioplic (n = 10.The negative control group was not opened (n = 2, and the positive control group was opened but not restored (n = 2. Then the root and apex of the teeth were varnished to become impermeable. All samples were immersed in 2% methylene blue and kept at 37°C for 72h.After longitudinal sectioning, the linear leakage was measured in mm.In sequence, the statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney test with a level of significance of 5%. Results: Most part of the samples showed leakage of 1 mm, and only the negative control group showed total leakage. There was no significant difference between the tested materials. Conclusion: It is possible to conclude that both resin-based cements showed satisfactory results on sealing ability during endodontic treatment.

  12. Evaluation of marginal leakage of different temporary restorative materials in Endodontics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Henrique Duarte França de Castro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the coronal marginal leakage of three temporary restorative materials used for root canal sealing after endodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 88 single-rooted teeth were submitted to biomechanical preparation and filled by lateral condensation technique. After obturation process, the teeth were randomly separated into four groups, being two teeth of each group used as positive and negative control. Temporary sealing was performed as follows: GI - Clip F (VOCO; GII - Bioplic (Biodinβmica; GIII - Vitremer (3M ESPE and GIV - Ketak N100 (3M ESPE. Next, the specimens were immersed into Indian ink for 30 and 60- days, being 10 specimens for each time interval and then submitted to diaphanization to verify the amount of coronal leakage using a measuring microscope. Results : Leakage mean values within the 30-day period were as follows: Vitremer (0.3 mm, Ketak N100 and Clip F (0.6 mm and Bioplic (1.7 mm. Within the 60-day period, leakage means were 1.1 mm, 1.5 mm, 2.2 mm and 2.6 mm, respectively. Conclusions: None of the materials was capable of preventing marginal leakage within the 30- and 60-day period. In both time intervals, Bioplic presented the highest mean of leakage and Vitremer the lowest.

  13. Early closure of temporary ileostomy--the EASY trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Anne Kjaergaard; Correa-Marinez, Adiela; Angenete, Eva;

    2011-01-01

    Objective The objective is to evaluate efficiency based on data on morbidity and mortality, health-related quality of life and healthcare-related costs after early reversal of temporary ileostomy after rectal resection for cancer compared with the standard procedure (late reversal). Background......-related quality of life in the two groups evaluated with the 36-item short-form and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-CR29/CR30 at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery (stoma creation); and (3) comparison of disease-specific quality of life in the two...... groups at 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery (stoma creation). Discussion The aim of the EASY trial is to evaluate the efficiency of early reversal of temporary ileostomy after surgery for rectal cancer versus late reversal. The EASY trial is expected to have a huge impact on patient safety as well...

  14. Impact of a temporary stoma on patients' everyday lives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Anne K; Soerensen, Erik E; Burcharth, Kirsten;

    2013-01-01

    education with lay educators with a stoma to make sure that information about the stoma was based on real-life experiences. CONCLUSIONS: Creation of a temporary stoma was linked to uncontrollable feelings of uncertainty. Professionals should assist patients with focus on coping strategies, as they are......-focused coping strategies. These strategies may be supported when patients have a high sense of coherence. Furthermore, patients' disclosure of the stoma as a way to master feelings of stigma should be facilitated. Stoma education is central for patients, and group-based learning that involves lay educators with...... perspective. METHODS: Data were processed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The creation of a temporary stoma led to feelings of uncertainty related to being in an undecided situation. Stoma creation led to feelings of stigma and worries about disclosure. Patients proposed group-based patient...

  15. A Case of Localized Hypertrichosis Due to Temporary Henna Tattoo

    OpenAIRE

    Deren Özcan; Deniz Seçkin

    2014-01-01

    Temporary henna tattoos have become very popular among children and teenagers in recent years. However, the use of additives to shorten the application time and darken the color of commercial henna, such as para-phenylenediamine, has led to an increased risk of complications due to those tattoos. The most commonly seen complications are allergic contact dermatitis, hypertrophic scarring, keloid formation, hyperpigmentation, and hypopigmentation. Herein; a 13-year-old girl who developed locali...

  16. Temporary Inferior Vena Cava Filters: How Do We Move Forward?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arous, Edward J; Messina, Louis M

    2016-05-01

    Despite their widespread use, the indications for the selective use of temporary inferior vena cava (IVC) filters remains uncertain with few trials supporting their use. Additionally, the risks of long-term temporary IVC filter insertion are being increasingly discussed amongst the mainstream media and through multiple class action lawsuits. Retrievable IVC filters were specifically designed to have a less secure implantation in order to facilitate retrieval. However, multiple reports have demonstrated significant filter-related complications, most commonly related to duration of implantation. Furthermore, the risk is not isolated to one manufacturer alone. The incidence of filter-related complications is linearly related to its duration of time on the market. Currently, the FDA recommends that IVC filters be removed within 25-54 days of their implantation. Unfortunately, little evidence exists to show that this recommendation is followed routinely. Recently, the PRESERVE Trial (NCT02381509) was initiated as a multicenter non-randomized open label study to determine the safety and effectiveness of commercially available IVC filters (both temporary and permanent) in individuals who require mechanical prophylaxis against pulmonary embolism. Until such evidence is developed, temporary IVC filters should be implanted based on best available evidence and routinely removed within the guidelines of the FDA of 25-54 days. A fair question at this point is whether the design features themselves that are required to manufacture a low profile removable IVC filter can achieve effective prophylaxis against pulmonary embolism at a low rate of short and long-term complications. PMID:27012891

  17. Temporary Work in Turbulent Times: The Swedish Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Holmlund, Bertil; Storrie, Donald

    2001-01-01

    Sweden has experienced a substantial increase in temporary work over the 1990s, with most of the rise occurring during a severe macroeconomic recession with mass unemployment. By the early 1990s, workers on fixed-term contracts accounted for 10 percent of the number of employees; by the end of the decade they accounted for 16 percent. The paper presents the Swedish institutional setting, documents basic stylised facts about fixed-term contracts, and discusses the causes of their increased pre...

  18. Screw-Thread Inserts As Temporary Flow Restrictors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimarchi, Paul

    1992-01-01

    Coil-spring screw-thread inserts found useful as temporary flow restrictors. Inserts placed in holes through which flow restricted, effectively reducing cross sections available for flow. Friction alone holds inserts against moderate upstream pressures. Use of coil-spring thread inserts as flow restrictors conceived as inexpensive solution to problem of adjusting flow of oxygen through orifices in faceplate into hydrogen/oxygen combustion chamber. Installation and removal of threaded inserts gentle enough not to deform orifice tubes.

  19. Health Status of Visitors and Temporary Residents, United States

    OpenAIRE

    Yanni, Emad A.; Marano, Nina; Stauffer, William M.; Barnett, Elizabeth D; Cano, Maria; Cetron, Martin S.

    2009-01-01

    Human mobility has always been associated with the spread of infection, and mobility of nonimmigrant visitors and temporary residents to the United States is increasing, from ≈12 million in 1987 to ≈37 million in 2007. Lack of information about the health status of these populations upon arrival and their need for and use of medical services in the United States hinders development of public health policy, education, and provision of adequate clinical care. After these issues and needs are cl...

  20. Anticipatory Sorting and Gender Segregation in Temporary Employment

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Fernandez-Mateo; Zella King

    2011-01-01

    We examine the roots of gender segregation in the screening process by using a longitudinal data set of candidates considered for temporary projects at a staffing firm and following their progress through the hiring pipeline. Theories invoked to explain gender segregation across jobs traditionally rely on firm-specific human capital and expectations of future commitment to explain this phenomenon. These do not apply in this setting. Yet we find that the staffing firm is more likely to shortli...

  1. Temporary Migration and Skill Upgrading: Evidence from Mexican Migrants

    OpenAIRE

    Steffen Reinhold, Ph.D.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the extent to which temporary Mexican migrants upgrade their skills while working in the United States. The vast majority of the migration that we observe is undertaken without documents. In contrast to Lacuesta (2006), we find that labor market performance in Mexico is positively related to one’s accumulated migration experience in the United States. Self-selection of high-skilled individuals into migration does not drive this result. We also investigate the possible me...

  2. Temporary Migration and Skill Upgrading : Evidence from Mexican Migrants

    OpenAIRE

    Reinhold, Steffen; Thom, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the extent to which temporary Mexican migrants upgrade their skills while working in the United States. The vast majority of the migration that we observe is undertaken without documents. In contrast to Lacuesta (2006), we find that labor market performance in Mexico is positively related to one's accumulated migration experience in the United States. Self-selection of high-skilled individuals into migration does not drive this result. We also investigate the possible mech...

  3. The Diaspora and Temporary Migrant Workers: Basic Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Krstić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the phenomenon of migrant workers who emigrated to Western European countries after World War II. The labor demands created by the economic reconstruction of these countries, most notably Great Britain, West Germany, France, Switzerland, the Benelux countries, Sweden and Austria, coupled with low birth rates and high death rates, made it necessary for them to hire immigrant workers. On the other hand, poor economic conditions, few employment opportunities and a yearning for a higher standard of living drove workers from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Turkey, Yugoslavia, Greece, Ireland, Finland and North Africa to seek work abroad. These temporary migrant workers represent a link between their countries of origin and their host countries, and, as a group of people maintaining links with their native countries, they can also be considered their countries’ diaspora. However, considering the temporary nature of their residence abroad, it is questionable whether they actually are a diaspora. It is for this reason that the paper juxtaposes the phenomena of the diaspora and temporary migrant workers in order to analyze the question of whether, when and how these workers become a diaspora. In particular, it focuses on migrant workers from Yugoslavia, usually referred to as “gastarbajteri” (gastarbeiter, who in the 1960s and 1970s migrated mostly to West Germany, Austria, Australia, France and Switzerland, and on their political treatment by the Yugoslav state.

  4. Inference about density and temporary emigration in unmarked populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Richard B.; Royle, J. Andrew; King, David I.

    2011-01-01

    Few species are distributed uniformly in space, and populations of mobile organisms are rarely closed with respect to movement, yet many models of density rely upon these assumptions. We present a hierarchical model allowing inference about the density of unmarked populations subject to temporary emigration and imperfect detection. The model can be fit to data collected using a variety of standard survey methods such as repeated point counts in which removal sampling, double-observer sampling, or distance sampling is used during each count. Simulation studies demonstrated that parameter estimators are unbiased when temporary emigration is either "completely random" or is determined by the size and location of home ranges relative to survey points. We also applied the model to repeated removal sampling data collected on Chestnut-sided Warblers (Dendroica pensylvancia) in the White Mountain National Forest, USA. The density estimate from our model, 1.09 birds/ha, was similar to an estimate of 1.11 birds/ha produced by an intensive spot-mapping effort. Our model is also applicable when processes other than temporary emigration affect the probability of being available for detection, such as in studies using cue counts. Functions to implement the model have been added to the R package unmarked.

  5. Eugenol-based temporary luting cement possesses antioxidative properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić Dragan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Antioxidants protect against reactive oxygen species and expose beneficial anti-inflammatory activity when in contact with biological tissues. Dental materials that are used as temporary luting on fixed dental restorations are often in contact with injured gingival tissue, hence they should contain anti-inflammatory characteristics that are essential after prosthetic procedures preceding cementation of final restauration. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant effect through the oxidation inhibition (OI of mixed dental cement for temporary luting or their liquid component. Methods. Eight study groups were prepared each by ten samples: 1 ex tempore preparation of zinc-oxide eugenol paste (Kariofil Z Galenika, Serbia, 2 Viko Temp paste (Galenika, Serbia, 3 Temp Bond NE paste (Kerr, Germany, 4 ScutaBond (ESPE, Germany, 5 Cp-CAP paste (Germany, Lege Artis and oil component of 6 Kariofil Z, 7 Viko Temp and 8 Cp-CAP. The samples were subjected to spectrophotometer to measure OI 2,2’-azino-di-(3-ethyl-benzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS using Randox kit, United Kingdom. The control samples were pure ascorbic acid (1% w/v. Results. High values of OI exposed materials (groups 1, 5, 6, 7, 8 with content of eugenol (or its derivates in the range of 100-88.8% were statistically more significant than the values of non-eugenol substances (groups 2, 3, 4 with the range of 8.2-43.5%. Conclusion. Eugenol containing temporary fixation materials show significant antioxidative properties and therefore they may be used in those clinical situations where surrounding gingival tissue is injured during restorative procedure. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 45005

  6. Between pragmatism and predictability: temporariness in international law

    OpenAIRE

    Ambrus, Mónika; Ramses A. Wessel

    2014-01-01

    One of the key functions or purposes of international law (and law in general for that matter) is to provide long-term stability and legal certainty. Yet, international legal rules may also function as tools to deal with non-permanent or constantly changing issues, and rather than stable, international law may have to be flexible or adaptive. Prima facie, one could think of two main types of temporary aspects relevant from the perspective of international law. First, the nature of the object ...

  7. Temporary services for patients in need of chronic care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesse, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Background A project is a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a product or service. Projects are frequently used for the testing and development of new approaches in social work. Projects can receive grants from central, often national or international institutions, and allow for more...... experimentation than work placed within existing institutions. Discussion For socially marginalized groups who need continuing support and care, receiving help in a project means that the clients will have to be transferred to other services when the project ends. There is also a risk that clients will experience...... relating to continuity of services when serving vulnerable patients with a need for continuing care....

  8. Nitrate leaching following cultivation of contrasting temporary grassland.

    OpenAIRE

    Eriksen, J.; Søegaard, K.

    2000-01-01

    The N-surplus in grazed grassland is much higher than in cut grassland. Therefore, the residual effects of three years of temporary grassland on nitrate leaching in the following cereal crop were determined. Grassland managements were either cut leys or grazing with dairy cows in both pure grass and grass-clover mixtures. The cows were fed two levels of N in the supplements. Grassland management had little effect on the subsequent nitrate leaching, which ranged from 6 to 36 kg N ha-1, even th...

  9. Reduced pipe loadings for temporary conditions -- Criteria development and application experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quantitative procedure for evaluating the effects of short-term temporary loads on piping systems and supports is described. This includes the reduction of seismic loads and adjustment of the design basis load sets to account for the short duration of the temporary loads. The rationale for the criteria are reviewed along with industry and regulatory agency evaluations. Sample applications are discussed to quantify the benefits of using these methods to reduce pipe loadings for temporary conditions

  10. Physical performance deterioration of temporary housing residents after the Great East Japan Earthquake

    OpenAIRE

    Takeaki Ishii; Sae Ochi; Masaharu Tsubokura; Shigeaki Kato; Takahiro Tetsuda; Junpei Kato; Yoshitaka Nishikawa; Tomohiro Morita; Masahiro Kami; Yukihide Iwamoto; Hidekiyo Tachiya

    2015-01-01

    Disaster has a negative impact on health conditions, especially on those of temporary housing residents. Health status has a close relationship with physical activity and performance. However, few reports have assessed physical performance among residents living in temporary housing. In this study, we compared physical capabilities between the elderly who evacuated to temporary housing and those who stayed in their own homes after the Great East Japan Earthquake. Subjects were recruited fr...

  11. Organizational commitment and the well-being of temporary agency workers: A longitudinal study

    OpenAIRE

    Galais, Nathalie; Moser, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    Previous research found that organizational commitment is positively related to employee well-being. However, in the current age of contingent work, transitions, and protean careers', the advisability of commitment is questionable. Therefore, we analyzed the role of organizational commitment in one paradigmatic area of contingent work arrangements: temporary agency work. In contrast to standard workers, temporary agency workers have to deal with two organizations: the temporary agency and cli...

  12. Is Temporary Emigration of Unskilled Workers a Solution to the Child Labor Problem?

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvain Dessy; Tiana Rambeloma

    2010-01-01

    This paper reassesses the case for temporary emigration of unskilled workers as a solution to the child labor problem, based upon a general equilibrium model of migrant remittances, parental investment in child schooling, and intersectoral allocation of capital. Counterfactual simulations uncover a U-shape effect of temporary emigration on the incidence of child labor, suggesting that the case for temporary emigration as a solution to the child labor problem may be weak.

  13. Regenerating 'Østre Havn' - The Everyday of Temporary Use Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Tina Vestermann; Mikkelsen, Jacob Bjerre

    2015-01-01

    a wide range of temporary uses. These are taking place alongside construction activities. This sets boundaries for the temporary use activities while the proposed future outlined by the municipality and the developer is being established. The question is what happens at the level of the everyday...... use activists. This will show that ‘temporary use’ activities does not only perform in a strategic space defined by a municipality but in an actual physical place continuously made and renegotiated influenced by a multitude of factors. The article contributes to a discussion on transformation projects...... towards new futures where temporary uses play a role....

  14. Indicators of a poor outcome after temporary pacing in patients with complete atrioventricular block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Temporary pace maker (tpm) implantation is an emergency procedure, performed in symptomatic patients with AV block We report our experience of temporary pacing at a tertiary care center. It is the first study of its type from a local center. Objectives: To study the clinical course of patients after tpm implantation and to determine indicators of a poor outcome after tpm implantation. Methods: This was descriptive retrospective study. Data of all tpm procedures performed at Children Hospital from 2006 to 2012 was retrieved. We excluded patients with surgically placed tpm leads. All patients receiving transvenous tpm were included in our study. Results: Total of 12 patients received tpm, 8 were male (66.6%) and 4 were female (33.3%). Median age was 6 years ( range 1.4 -13 year ). Mean weight was 30kg, (range 8.7 - 50kg). All of them presented with complete heart block.One patient each had post diphtheria cardiomyopathy, unknown poisoning. The rest had congenital heart block. The mean period between tpm to ppm implantation was 5 days, (range 1 - 30 days). One patient spontaneously reverted to sinus rhythm(8.3%), 6 had ppm implantation (58.3%), 5 patients expired (33.3%). A low Ejection Fraction was found to be associated with a poor outcome (p<0.01). Variables that were associated with a poor outcome(mortality), were SOB (p<0.015), weak pulses (p<0.015), and hepatomegaly (p<0.01). Conclusion: Low Ejection Fraction and Heart failure is associated with a poor outcome and increased mortality in patients with complete AV block. We suggest that pacing should be considered in patients earlier, before they develop signs or symptoms of cardiac dysfunction. (author)

  15. The impact of a temporary ice-rink on an emergency department service.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Clarke, Heather J

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: A temporary ice-rink opened close to Cork city for 6 weeks from 30 November 2003. During this time, a number of patients presented to the local emergency departments with ice-skating-related injuries. We documented these injuries. METHODS: All patients presenting to emergency departments in Cork city with ice-skating-related complaints were included. Information on age and sex, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, follow-up\\/disposition and ambulance service utilization was recorded. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-five ice-rink-related attendances were reported at Cork emergency departments, representing 1.25% of total attendances. One hundred and twenty-three patients presented with skating-related injuries and two with medical complaints occurring at the ice-rink: 70.8% were female patients and 29.2% were male patients. In the 4-14-year age group, however, 48.5% were girls and 51.5% were boys. Most injuries were directly due to falls; 5.6% were due to skate blades. The commonest site of injury was the upper limb. Fractures and dislocations accounted for 53.9% of injuries, with 20.5% of these requiring orthopaedic admission. Lacerations and digital injuries accounted for 7.1%, with 11% of these required admission for surgery. One minor head injury was reported. 38.1% had soft tissue injuries. Fifteen patients were transported by ambulance. These attendances represented a minimum overall cost of 77,510 euro to the local health service. CONCLUSIONS: A temporary ice-rink had a significant impact on local emergency departments. Currently, there is no specific legislation in Ireland relating to public health and safety in ice-rinks. We recommend consultation with local public bodies before opening such facilities, and appropriate regulation.

  16. Skating on thin ice: a study of the injuries sustained at a temporary ice skating rink.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Lynne V; Imam, Samirul; Crawford, John R; Owen, P Julian

    2010-06-01

    In recent years, ice skating and temporary ice skating rinks have become increasingly popular. Regular elite competitors are known to be at risk of both acute and chronic injuries. It may be postulated that skaters at the temporary rinks are at high risk of acute injuries from falls due to both their lack of expertise and the inherent dangers of ice skating. Injuries sustained at skating rinks present a significant burden to local healthcare resources, in particular orthopaedic departments. For the first time, Cambridge hosted such a facility from November 24, 2007 through January 6, 2008. We sought to identify the most common injuries encountered and to quantify the orthopaedic burden. All Emergency Department or Fracture Clinic attendances for an eight-week period from the opening of the rink were investigated. Details of age, sex, injury and management were recorded for the 84 patients who sustained ice rink related injuries. A total of 85 injuries were recorded in 84 patients. Of these injuries 58% were fractures, of which 98% involved the upper limbs. Seven patients (8% of all injuries) required admission for operative fixation. On average, two injuries per day were seen in the Emergency Department or Fracture Clinic, with an average of one orthopaedic admission per week. It is evident that the ice rink in Cambridge has had an impact on local healthcare resources. The vast majority of injuries affected the upper limbs and were sustained following a fall on the out-stretched hand. We therefore encourage the education of skaters as to how to break their falls more safely and recommend the use of wrist protectors as a primary preventative measure. PMID:20143231

  17. Current status of permanent total artificial hearts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, P K; Rosenberg, G; Snyder, A J; Pierce, W S

    1989-01-01

    Pneumatic total artificial heats, although demonstrating utility as temporary mechanical circulatory support devices, have not demonstrated a great deal of promise as permanent cardiac replacements. The increasing number of patients who would be candidates for total heart replacement suggests a large role for a permanent implantable total artificial heart. To that end, the Pennsylvania State University is developing an electric motor-driven total artificial heart; the results with implants in calves are encouraging. In this device, a roller-screw mechanism is used to translate the rotation of a brushless direct-current motor into rectilinear motion of a pusher-plate assembly, which in turn empties the blood sacs. The total artificial heart of the future will function under automatic control without percutaneous leads, and this should provide the patient with a nearly normal life-style. Although further experimental efforts are necessary to prepare the device for clinical trials, the technology to provide a safe and reliable electric blood-pump system is at hand. PMID:2912392

  18. Temporary amygdala inhibition reduces stress effects in female mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalooei, Jila Rezaeian; Sahraei, Hedayat; Meftahi, Gholam Hossein; Khosravi, Maryam; Bahari, Zahra; Hatef, Boshra; Mohammadi, Alireza; Nicaeili, Fateme; Eftekhari, Fateme; Ghamari, Fateme; Hadipour, Mohamadmehdi; Kaka, Gholamreza

    2016-09-01

    The current study investigated the effect of temporary inhibition of amygdala in response to metabolic changes caused by stress in female mice. Unilateral and bilateral amygdala cannulation was carried out, and after a week of recovery, 2% lidocaine hydrochloride was injected into the mice amygdalae five minutes before the induction of stress. A communication box was employed to induce stress for four consecutive days and plasma corticosterone, food and water intake, weight changes, and anorexia were measured as stress-induced metabolic changes. Results demonstrated that stress, increases stress, increased plasma corticosterone concentrations, weight, food, and water intake. Temporary inhibition of the amygdala slightly decreased plasma corticosterone concentrations, but did not fully reduce the effect of stress. The bilateral injection of lidocaine hydrochloride to the amygdala reduced the effect of stress and reduced water intake and weight. Unilateral injection of lidocaine hydrochloride into the left and right amygdala reduced food intake. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the left side and right side of amygdala nuclei play a different role in metabolic responses in stress. PMID:27489731

  19. Subsidized optimal ART for HIV-positive temporary residents of Australia improves virological outcomes: results from the Australian HIV Observational Database Temporary Residents Access Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathy Petoumenos

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: HIV-positive (HIV+ temporary residents living in Australia legally are unable to access government subsidized antiretroviral treatment (ART which is provided via Medicare to Australian citizens and permanent residents. Currently, there is no information systematically being collected on non-Medicare eligible HIV+ patients in Australia. The objectives of this study are to describe the population recruited to the Australian HIV Observational Database (AHOD Temporary Residents Access Study (ATRAS and to determine the short- and long-term outcomes of receiving (subsidized optimal ART and the impact on onwards HIV transmission. Methods: ATRAS was established in 2011. Eligible patients were recruited via the AHOD network. Key HIV-related characteristics were recorded at baseline and prospectively. Additional visa-related information was also recorded at baseline, and updated annually. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the ATRAS cohort in terms of visa status by key demographic characteristics, including sex, region of birth, and HIV disease status. CD4 cell count (mean and SD and the proportion with undetectable (<50 copies/ml HIV viral load are reported at baseline, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. We also estimate the proportion reduction of onward HIV transmission based on the reduction in proportion of people with detectable HIV viral load. Results: A total of 180 patients were recruited to ATRAS by June 2012, and by July 2013 39 patients no longer required ART via ATRAS, 35 of whom became eligible for Medicare-funded medication. At enrolment, 63% of ATRAS patients were receiving ART from alternative sources, 47% had an undetectable HIV viral load (<50 copies/ml and the median CD4 cell count was 343 cells/µl (IQR: 222–479. At 12 months of follow-up, 85% had an undetectable viral load. We estimated a 75% reduction in the risk of onward HIV transmission with the improved rate of undetectable viral load. Conclusions: The

  20. A New Porcine Sponge Material for Temporary Embolization: An Experimental Short-Term Pilot Study in Swine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a porcine-derived gelfoam, Curaspon, for the temporary occlusion of the visceral arteries. Methods. Curaspon was used for the selective embolization of segmentary hepatic, unilateral polar renal, and single lumbar arteries of 10 pigs under general anesthesia. Sequential angiographic checks were carried out and the pigs killed between 3 days and 2 weeks later. Macroscopic and microscopic studies using standard techniques were used to evaluate the immediate efficacy of embolization, duration of and completeness of recanalization on angiography, macroscopic appearance of target-organ ischemia, and microscopic analysis of inflammatory reaction. Results. Immediate arterial occlusion was obtained in all cases. Renal arteries showed a total recanalization in 63% of cases on day 7 and 100% on day 14. Total hepatic recanalization was obtained in 100% of animals on day 7. All lumbar arteries were recanalized on day 14. Microscopic analysis in the kidney revealed a mild inflammatory reaction and a progressive lysis of the Curaspon (87% of samples at day 3 showed a persistence of Curaspon and 5% at day 14). In some cases, localized and partial destruction of the arterial wall was visualized. In the liver the same patterns were observed but resolved more completely and more rapidly. Conclusions. Curaspon is an efficient material for the temporary occlusion of visceral and parietal arteries in pigs. However, arterial aneurysms were observed and a relationship of these with the material cannot be excluded

  1. Subsidized optimal ART for HIV-positive temporary residents of Australia improves virological outcomes: results from the Australian HIV Observational Database Temporary Residents Access Study

    OpenAIRE

    Kathy Petoumenos; Jo Watson; Bill Whittaker; Jennifer Hoy; Don Smith; Lisa Bastian; Robert Finlayson; Andrew Sloane; WRIGHT, STEPHEN T.; Hamish McManus; Law, Matthew G.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: HIV-positive (HIV+) temporary residents living in Australia legally are unable to access government subsidized antiretroviral treatment (ART) which is provided via Medicare to Australian citizens and permanent residents. Currently, there is no information systematically being collected on non-Medicare eligible HIV+ patients in Australia. The objectives of this study are to describe the population recruited to the Australian HIV Observational Database (AHOD) Temporary Residents A...

  2. Tatuajes ¿temporales? de henna Temporary? henna tattoos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Nieto Almeida

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Los tatuajes temporales de henna se han hecho muy populares últimamente entre niños y adolescentes debido a su aparente inocuidad y a que desaparecen en poco tiempo. La henna procede de las hojas del arbusto Lawsonia inermis, de la familia Lythraceae. La henna negra se obtiene al añadir parafenilendiamina (PPD, sustancia con gran poder sensibilizante que ocasiona la mayoría de los casos de complicaciones relacionadas con estos tatuajes: dermatitis de contacto (localizada o generalizada, cicatrices queloides y de hiper o hipopigmentación temporales o permanentes. Excepcionalmente, se han descrito también reacciones graves de hiperesensibilidad tipo I. La sensibilidad a PPD puede, además, ocasionar reactividad cruzada con otras sustancias como tintes del cabello y textiles.
    Se presenta el caso de una niña de 8 años con dermatitis de contacto secundaria a un tatuaje temporal de henna. Las pruebas epicutáneas resultaron positivas para PPD. Tras el tratamiento con corticoides tópicos, la lesión se aclaró, permaneciendo una hipopigmentación residual. Debido a la falta de control legal de estas prácticas los pediatras debemos prevenirlas, informando periódicamente a nuestros pacientes y sus familias de los riesgos que presentan. Temporary henna tattoos have become increasingly popular during recent years among children and teenagers because of their apparent harmlessness and disappearance in few weeks. Henna (Lawsonia inermis is a plant of the Lythraceae family. Black henna contains paraphenylenediamine (PPD, a very potent contact sensitizer which causes most of the complications related to henna tattoos: contact dermatitis (localized or generalized, hypertrophic scars and temporary or permanent hyper o hypopigmentation. More rarely, type I hypersensitivity reactions have been reported. PPD allergy can induce cross-reactivity with others substances like hair and textile dyes.
    We report an 8-year-old boy with allergic contact

  3. 26 CFR 1.465-1T - Aggregation of certain activities (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Aggregation of certain activities (temporary). 1.465-1T Section 1.465-1T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... Aggregation of certain activities (temporary). (a) General rule. A partner in a partnership or an...

  4. 26 CFR 1.41-6T - Aggregation of expenditures (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Aggregation of expenditures (temporary). 1.41-6T Section 1.41-6T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-6T Aggregation of expenditures (temporary). (a) For further...

  5. 23 CFR 630.1110 - Maintenance of temporary traffic control devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Maintenance of temporary traffic control devices. 630.1110 Section 630.1110 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS PRECONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES Temporary Traffic Control Devices §...

  6. 26 CFR 1.410(a)-8T - Year of service; break in service (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Year of service; break in service (temporary). 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.410(a)-8T Year of service; break in service (temporary). (a)-(b) (c) Breaks in service. (1) (2)...

  7. 38 CFR 21.6001 - Temporary vocational training program for certain pension recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary vocational training program for certain pension recipients. 21.6001 Section 21.6001 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans... Program of Vocational Training for Certain New Pension Recipients General § 21.6001 Temporary...

  8. What Do We Know About Preferential Trade Agreements and Temporary Trade Barriers?

    OpenAIRE

    Chad P. Bown; Karacaovali, Baybars; Tovar, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Two of the most important trade policy developments to take place since the 1980s are the expansion of preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers, such as antidumping, safeguards, and countervailing duties. Despite the empirical importance of preferential trade agreements and temporary trade barriers and the common feature that each can independently have quite discriminato...

  9. 19 CFR 210.70 - Forfeiture or return of complainant's temporary relief bond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... provided for in the temporary relief order, proceedings to determine whether the complainant's bond should... relief bond. 210.70 Section 210.70 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION... Forfeiture or return of complainant's temporary relief bond. (a)(1) If the Commission determines that one...

  10. 33 CFR 209.180 - Temporary closure of waterway to navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary closure of waterway to navigation. 209.180 Section 209.180 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE... navigation. (a) When an application is received for the temporary closure of a waterway for the...

  11. 78 FR 1866 - Extension and Redesignation of South Sudan for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... not need to pay the fee for the Application for Temporary Protected Status (Form I- 821). See 8 CFR... designation, you do not need to pay the fee for the Application for Temporary Protected Status (Form I-821...). Service is available in English and Spanish only. Further information will also be available at...

  12. 20 CFR 655.1301 - Applications for temporary employment certification in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applications for temporary employment certification in agriculture. 655.1301 Section 655.1301 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING... Applications for temporary employment certification in agriculture. (a) Application filing requirements. (1)...

  13. 78 FR 2986 - Northern Indiana Public Service Company; Notice of Application for Temporary Variance of License...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ... Variance of License Article 403 and Soliciting Comments, Motions to Intervene and Protests Take notice that... inspection: a. Application Type: Extension of temporary variance of license article 403. b. Project No: 12514... Commission to grant an extension of time to a temporary variance of license Article 403 that was granted...

  14. 26 CFR 1.41-9T - Alternative simplified credit (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Alternative simplified credit (temporary). 1.41... INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-9T Alternative simplified credit (temporary). (a) Determination of credit. At the election of the taxpayer, the credit determined under section 41(a)(1) equals...

  15. 26 CFR 1.25-2T - Amount of credit (Temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Amount of credit (Temporary). 1.25-2T Section 1... Changes in Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.25-2T Amount of credit (Temporary). (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided, the amount of the credit allowable for any taxable year to an individual who holds...

  16. 26 CFR 1.41-8T - Alternative incremental credit (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Alternative incremental credit (temporary). 1.41... INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-8T Alternative incremental credit (temporary). (a) For further..., “Credit for Increasing Research Activities,” (or successor form) relating to the election of the AIRC,...

  17. 77 FR 60742 - BNSF Railway Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--Union Pacific Railroad Company Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement dated August 10, 2012, Union Pacific Railroad Company (UP) has agreed to grant restricted temporary trackage rights to BNSF Railway...

  18. 77 FR 67442 - Soo Line Railroad Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... Surface Transportation Board Soo Line Railroad Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-- BNSF Railway Company BNSF Railway Company (BNSF), pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement (Agreement), has agreed to grant temporary overhead trackage rights to Soo Line Railroad Company d/b/a Canadian...

  19. 26 CFR 1.411(a)-4T - Forfeitures, suspensions, etc. (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Forfeitures, suspensions, etc. (temporary). 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.411(a)-4T Forfeitures, suspensions, etc. (temporary). (a) Nonforfeitability. Certain rights in an...

  20. 8 CFR 1244.5 - Temporary treatment benefits for eligible aliens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary treatment benefits for eligible aliens. 1244.5 Section 1244.5 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT... § 1244.5 Temporary treatment benefits for eligible aliens. (a) Prior to the registration period. Prior...

  1. 42 CFR 488.56 - Temporary waivers applicable to skilled nursing facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary waivers applicable to skilled nursing... PROCEDURES Special Requirements § 488.56 Temporary waivers applicable to skilled nursing facilities. (a... skilled nursing facility to engage the services of a registered nurse more than 40 hours a week,...

  2. Transitions from Temporary to Permanent Work in Canada: Who Makes the Transition and Why?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Tony; MacPhail, Fiona

    2008-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on a microeconomic analysis of the annual transition rate from temporary to permanent work of individual workers in Canada for the period 1999-2004. Given that a large proportion of temporary employment is involuntary, an understanding of the factors associated with the transition to permanent work may inform public…

  3. 76 FR 43236 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR): Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances: Notice of Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... ADMINISTRATION 41 CFR Chapter 301 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR): Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances: Notice... Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) in an effort to streamline travel policies, increase travel efficiency and... pertain to Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances that include special conveyances, per diem and...

  4. Address scaler and temporary memory for a transistorized time-of-flight analyser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Circuit design conditions and procedures for address scaler and temporary memory are analysed. Methods for reducing the recovery time of the address scaler (which should be less than 10-7 s) and the writing time of the temporary memory (10-7 s) are briefly examined. The complete circuits and the experimental results are discussed. (author)

  5. 78 FR 36223 - Extension and Redesignation of Syria for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ... Status, 77 FR 19026 (Mar. 29, 2012), and correction at 77 FR 20046 (Apr. 3, 2012); see also section 244(b... and Redesignation of South Sudan for Temporary Protected Status, 78 FR 1866 (Jan. 9, 2013); Extension and Redesignation of Sudan for Temporary Protected Status, 78 FR 1872 (Jan. 9, 2013); Extension...

  6. 22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media correspondent or technician who meets all...

  7. 26 CFR 1.103(n)-6T - Determinations of population (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determinations of population (temporary). 1.103....103(n)-6T Determinations of population (temporary). Q-1: What is the proper method for determining population? A-1: All determinations of population must be made with respect to any calendar year on the...

  8. 76 FR 78739 - Agency Information Collection (Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration... Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application, VA Forms...

  9. 76 FR 63355 - Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Regulation on Application for Fisher Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application); Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration... Houses and Other Temporary Lodging and VHA Fisher House Application, VA Forms 10-0408 and 10-0408a....

  10. Ripening of clayey dredged sediments during temporary upland disposal, A Bioremediation technique.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, J.; Grotenhuis, J.T.C.; Joziasse, J.; Rulkens, W.H.

    2003-01-01

    Background and Goal. In the Netherlands about 40 million m3 of sediment has to be dredged annually for both maintenance and environmental reasons. Temporary upland disposal is the most widely adopted alternative for dredged sediments worldwide. For good management of temporary disposal sites, knowle

  11. Results of temporary interstitial iridium-192 implantation in head and neck tumors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve local tumor control in advanced head and neck tumors, a temporary interstitial iridium-192 implantation (40 to 50 cGy/h) was performed as a boost therapy (20 to 30 Gy at the surface of the target volume). This treatment was part of a multimodal therapy conception for primary tumors (N=55) as well as for recurrences (N=22). Local control was achieved in 89% (49/55) of patients treated for primary tumors. Complications appeared in the form of soft tissue necroses in 55% (30/55) and in the form of osteoradionecroses of the mandible in 7% (4/55) of the patients. The authors discuss as possible reasons for this high complication rate: Implantation volume too large or total activity too high, activities of the individual iridium-192 seeds to high, setting of radiation sources too close together, total dose too high, disturbed reparation capacity of sound tissues due to preceding operation and chemotherapy, premature test biopsies in the area of implantation, lacking oral hygiene and dental care by uncooperative patients. A local control rate of 50% was achieved by the treatment of recurrences, but this has no importance for the course of this tumor disease which is fatefully determined by the formation of remote metastases. (orig.)

  12. [Temporary use of centrifugal pump for pump thrombosis in patients with paracorporeal ventricular assist device].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Mitsutoshi; Kinoshita, Osamu; Nawata, Kan; Yamauchi, Haruo; Itoda, Yoshifumi; Hoshino, Yasuhiro; Kashiwa, Koichi; Kubo, Hitoshi; Kurosawa, Hideo; Takahashi, Mai; Koga, Sayaka; Ono, Minoru

    2015-05-01

    Nipro paracorporeal ventricular assist device( VAD) is often associated with pump thrombosis which causes severe complications such as brain infarction, often requiring pump change. However, Nipro VAD pump is an expensive device and it is difficult to change pumps frequently at a short interval. We have temporarily used Rotaflow centrifugal pump for recurrent pump thrombosis in patients with Nipro VADs. From January 2012 through December 2013, 19 patients underwent Nipro VADs implantation at our institution, and 9 of them underwent pump change from Nipro pumps to Rotaflow centrifugal pumps. A total of 25 Rotaflow centrifugal pumps were used in these 9 patients, with the total circulatory support duration of 526 days. The median support period was 15 days (range;2-128 days). There were 2 cerebrovascular accidents and 1 Rotaflow pump circuit thrombosis during this period. Change from Rotaflow to Nipro VAD pump resulted in decrease in hematocrit by about 3 point. There was no difference in liver or renal function between before and after the pump change. Our results suggest that temporary use of Rotaflow centrifugal pump for recurrent pump thrombosis in patients with Nipro VADs may be a promising alternative. PMID:25963778

  13. Improved mass multiplication of Rhodiola crenulata shoots using temporary immersion bioreactor with forced ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yan; Sun, Wei; Wang, Ying; Saxena, Praveen K; Liu, Chun-Zhao

    2012-03-01

    A temporary immersion bioreactor system was found to be suitable for mass shoot proliferation of Rhodiola crenulata. The shoot multiplication ratio and hyperhydration rate reached 46.8 and 35.4%, respectively, at a temporary immersion cycle of 3-min immersion every 300 min. Forced ventilation was employed in the temporary immersion bioreactor culture in order to decrease the hyperhydration rate, improve shoot quality and enhance the multiplication ratio. The highest multiplication ratio of 55.7 was obtained under a temporary immersion cycle of 3-min immersion every 180 min with the forced ventilation at an air flow rate of 40 l/h, and the hyperhydration rate was reduced to 26.1%. Forced ventilation also improved the subsequent elongation and rooting rate of these proliferated shoots, and the shoot cultures from the temporary immersion bioreactor formed complete plantlets when subcultured onto a rooting medium containing 5 μmol/l indole-3-acetic acid. PMID:22238017

  14. Temporary transvenous pacemaker placement in the Emergency Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrigan, Richard A; Chan, Theodore C; Moonblatt, Steven; Vilke, Gary M; Ufberg, Jacob W

    2007-01-01

    Emergency Department placement of a temporary transvenous cardiac pacemaker offers potential life-saving benefits, as the device can definitively control heart rate, ensure effective myocardial contractility, and provide adequate cardiac output in select circumstances. The procedure begins with establishment of central venous access, usually by a right internal jugular or left subclavian vein approach, although the femoral vein is an acceptable alternative, especially in patients who are more likely to bleed should vascular access become complicated. The indications for the procedure, as well as the equipment needed, are reviewed. Both blind and ECG-guided techniques of insertion are described. Methods of verification of pacemaker placement and function are discussed, as are the early complications of the procedure. PMID:17239740

  15. On the role of temporary storage in interactive evolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlstedt, Palle

    2009-01-01

    In typical implementations of interactive evolution of aesthetic material, population size and generation count are limited due to the time-consuming manual evaluation process. We show how a simple device can help to compensate for this, and help to enhance the functionality of interactive...... evolution. A temporary storage, defined as a number of easily accessed memory locations for evolved objects, adjacent to the evolving population, can be regarded as a non-evolving extension of the population. If sufficiently integrated into the workflow, it provides compensation for limited genetic...... exploration. The discussion is based on experiences from a series of implementations of interactive evolution of music and sound, but should be relevant also for other forms of artistic material....

  16. Cultivating and Benefiting from Member Familiarity in Temporary Work Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hessel, Shannon

    In this paper, I investigate an example of short-duration, time-bound project work conducted by high-performing groups in order to surprise our expectations regarding the motivations and potential to cooperate and to cultivate group member familiarity within such temporary organizations. Project...... participants included seven string quartets that worked together in different combinations and without the expectation of future collaboration across groups. I consider what motivated cooperation and relationship-oriented activities as well as the conditions which enabled these activities to emerge despite...... cooperative behavior in these groups. Second, I challenge our expectation that a task-oriented over relationship-oriented approach will inevitably dominate work when projects are time-bound and of short duration by describing moments in which these groups chose relationship-oriented activities despite time...

  17. A temporary, moderate and responsive scenario for solar geoengineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith, David W.; MacMartin, Douglas G.

    2015-03-01

    The risks and benefits of solar geoengineering, or solar radiation management (SRM), depend on assumptions about its implementation. Claims that SRM will reduce precipitation, increase ocean acidification or deplete stratospheric ozone, or that it must be continued forever once started, are not inherent features of SRM; rather, they are features of common scenarios for its implementation. Most analyses assume, for example, that SRM would be used to stop the increase in global temperature or restore temperature to pre-industrial values. We argue that these are poor scenario choices on which to base policy-relevant judgements about SRM. As a basis for further analysis, we provide a scenario that is temporary in that its end point is zero SRM, is moderate in that it offsets only half of the growth in anthropogenic climate forcing and is responsive in that it recognizes that the amount of SRM will be adjusted in light of new information.

  18. Botox injection as a temporary measure for correcting gummy smile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Sargur Ramu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The exposure of more than 3 mm of the gum during the smile is known as gingival or gummy smile (GS. Botulinum toxin (BT has been used since 1989 for cosmetic reasons to treat frown lines and since, then its use has been tried for various cosmetic procedures, the effects of which can last from 6 weeks to 8 months. BT has been tried as an initial and temporary option for treatment of GS cases due to the ease and safety of the applications. We hereby report a case of GS induced by orthodontic treatment for proclination correction by extracting upper and lower first premolars treated effectively by local administration of BT. Though the treatment effects lasts for 6 months to 1 year the cosmetic benefits are worth the treatment procedure.

  19. Temporary ectropion therapy by adhesive taping: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habermann Anke

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Various surgical procedures are available to correct paralytic ectropion, which are applied in irreversible facial paresis. Problems occur when facial paresis has an unclear prognosis, since surgery of the lower eyelid is usually irreversible. We propose a simple method to correct temporary ectropion in facial palsy by applying an adhesive strip. Patients and methods Ten patients with peripheral facial paresis and paralytic ectropion were treated with an adhesive strip to correct paralytic ectropion. We used "Steri-Strips" (45 × 6.0 mm, which were taped on the carefully cleaned skin of the lower eyelid and of the adjacent zygomatic region until the prognosis of the paresis was clarified. In addition to the examiner's evaluation of the lower lacrimal point in the lacrimal lake, subjective improvement of the symptoms was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS, 1–10. Results 9 patients reported a clear improvement of the symptoms after adhesive taping. There was a clear regression of tearing (VAS (median = 8; 1 = no improvement, 10 = very good improvement, the cosmetic impairment of the adhesive tape was low (VAS (median = 2.5; 1 = no impairment, 10 = severe impairment and most of the patients found the use of the adhesive strip helpful. There was slight reddening of the skin in one case and well tolerated by the facial skin in the other cases. Conclusion The cause and location of facial nerve damage are decisive for the type of surgical therapy. In potentially reversible facial paresis, procedures should be used that are easily performed and above all reversible without complications. Until a reliable prognosis of the paresis can be made, adhesive taping is suited for the temporary treatment of paralytic ectropion. Adhesive taping is simple and can be performed by the patient.

  20. Treatment of achalasia: comparison of temporary stent insertion with pneumatic dilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To retrospectively analyze and compare the clinical efficacy of temporary stent insertion with pneumatic dilation at the same diameter for the treatment of achalasia based on a long-term follow-up observation. Methods: A total of 101 treated achalasia patients were divided into pneumatic dilation group (group A, n=38) and temporary stent insertion group (group B, n=63). The diameter of the balloon and stent used for the procedure was 30 mm. The total symptom scores (TSSs) and esophageal manometry was used to assess the symptoms and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure improvement. Barium-swallow-esophageal study was employed to objectively evaluate the esophageal emptying function. Barium-swallow-esophageal study was employed to objectively evaluate the esophageal emptying function. TSSs and LES pressure improvement were assessed, recorded and compared during the regular interval follow-up. Results: Forty-nine pneumatic dilations and 65 stent insertions were successfully performed in all patients under fluoroscopic guidance. Complications included pain, reflux and bleeding, which occurred in 9 (23.6%), 8 (21.1%) and 3(8.0%) patients in group A, respectively, while in 27 (42.9%), 8 (12.7%) and 10 (15.9%) patients in group B, respectively. The stent was retained approximately 4-7 days and all stents were retrieved via endoscope. TSSs, esophageal manometry and postoperative barium esophagram showed significant improvement compared to those obtained before treatment (P<0.0001). At the end of follow-up, TSSs and LES pressure in group B were 4.00±1.00 and (43.67±12.66) mmHg, respectively, which were 10.20±0.45 (P=0.0096) and (58.60±8.65) mmHg (P=0.1687), respectively, in group A. The Kaplan-Meier curve revealed that group B obtained a better symptom remission than group A did (Log-rank test; P=0.0212). Conclusion: Long-term follow-up results indicate that for the treatment of achalasia retrievable stent placement is more effective than same diameter

  1. 41 CFR 102-117.300 - Do the decisions on temporary nonuse, suspension and debarment go beyond the agency?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... temporary nonuse, suspension and debarment go beyond the agency? 102-117.300 Section 102-117.300 Public...) Performance § 102-117.300 Do the decisions on temporary nonuse, suspension and debarment go beyond the agency? (a) Temporary nonuse does not go beyond the agency. (b) GSA compiles and maintains a current list...

  2. Growth of the annual fish Cynopoecilus melanotaenia (Regan, 1912) based in a temporary water body population in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arenzon, A; Peret, A C; Bohrer, M B

    2001-02-01

    The growth of the annual fish Cynopoecilus melanotaenia was studied in its natural environment, in order to obtain information about its biology. A total of 797 specimens of C. melanotaenia were collected on a monthly basis between April 1994 and March 1995 in a temporary water body, located in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The growth curve in total length suggests, to both sexes, a fast initial growth. Males present a smaller growth rate than females, but they attain a higher average maximum length than the females. PMID:11340469

  3. Growth of the annual fish Cynopoecilus melanotaenia (Regan, 1912) based in a temporary water body population in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae)

    OpenAIRE

    A. ARENZON; A. C. Peret; M. B. C. BOHRER

    2001-01-01

    The growth of the annual fish Cynopoecilus melanotaenia was studied in its natural environment, in order to obtain information about its biology. A total of 797 specimens of C. melanotaenia were collected on a monthly basis between April 1994 and March 1995 in a temporary water body, located in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The growth curve in total length suggests, to both sexes, a fast initial growth. Males present a smaller growth rate than females, but they attain a higher average maxi...

  4. Total parenteral nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000177.htm Total parenteral nutrition To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) will help you or your child get ...

  5. Total Knee Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... following total knee replacement include unlimited walking, swimming, golf, driving, light hiking, biking, ballroom dancing, and other ... to the final success of your surgery. To learn more about the full value of total knee ...

  6. Total iron binding capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003489.htm Total iron binding capacity To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Total iron binding capacity (TIBC) is a blood test to ...

  7. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available GLOBAL AP ANATOMIC TOTAL SHOULDER SYSTEM METHODIST HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA April 17, 2008 00:00:10 ANNOUNCER: ... you'll be able to watch a live global AP anatomic total shoulder surgery from Methodist Hospital ...

  8. Total well dominated trees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Finbow, Arthur; Frendrup, Allan; Vestergaard, Preben D.

    cardinality then G is a total well dominated graph. In this paper we study composition and decomposition of total well dominated trees. By a reversible process we prove that any total well dominated tree can both be reduced to and constructed from a family of three small trees....

  9. From the Social Shaping of Technology to the Staging of Temporary Spaces of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Christian; Gunn, Wendy

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses recent developments within the social shaping perspective, specifically the forward-looking and political dimensions of intervening in processes of innovation. With a focus on the concept of 'temporary spaces’ as an analytical framework we present a study of a case on...... practices in the staging of these temporary spaces. While the direct uptake of qualitative knowledge on user practice in the engineering worlds of indoor climate is limited, the paper highlights the role of staging temporary spaces and intermediary objects in collaboration with stakeholders as a way of...

  10. From the social shaping of technology to the staging of temporary spaces of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Christian; Gunn, Wendy

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses recent developments within the social shaping perspective, specifically the forward-looking and political dimensions of intervening in processes of innovation. With a focus on the concept of ‘temporary spaces’ as an analytical framework we present a study of a case on...... practices in the staging of these temporary spaces. While the direct uptake of qualitative knowledge on user practice in the engineering worlds of indoor climate is limited, the paper highlights the role of staging temporary spaces and intermediary objects in collaboration with stakeholders as a way of...

  11. THE TEMPORARY LAY-OFF AS AN INSTRUMENT IN CRISIS MANAGEMENT: CASE OF TURKEY

    OpenAIRE

    Kayhan Kuzgun, İnci

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to exam and to analyze the temporary lay-off as an employment strategy at enterprise level in Turkey. Temporary lay-off is not acted by the Labor Law 4857. However, it is used frequently by the employers in the crisis management as an instrument.This study is aimed to analyze the use of lay-off as an instrument in crisis management by the employer in Turkey. The study is structured in two sections. In the first section, a description of the temporary lay-off as an instrument i...

  12. Controversy Total War

    OpenAIRE

    Segesser, Daniel Marc

    2014-01-01

    Total war is a controversial term used in the past by politicians, publicists and military officers as well as by computer specialists and academics in the present. Since its conception by French politicians during the First World War in a time of severe crisis (1916/17), it has become a term used by historians and other academics to cover a wide array of elements when looking at wars of the past. A real total war was and is impossible. Elements of total war – total war aims, total methods of...

  13. Thermal analysis of the building envelope of lightweight temporary housing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last few years, to meet the need of build efficient homes in a short time and with maximum constructive simplification, lightweight prefabricated building systems have proved to be particularly suitable, especially in geographical areas which must deal with emergency situations (i.e., temporary housing). In this paper the winter and summer thermal performance of a building prototype, realised with modular steel framed elements, have been studied, in both winter and summer conditions. Special attention has been paid to the optimisation of the dynamic thermal performance of the multi-layered envelope structures. The dynamic thermal behaviour of the outer wall, analysed and discussed in details in the paper, shows that it is possible to improve the performance of lightweight walls by using an optimised stratigraphy characterised by an opportune sequence of resistive and capacitive layers. The influence of inner structures (partitions, floor and roof) on the building thermal behaviour has also analyzed trough the introduction of room performance indices appropriately defined. The results of the study have been discussed with special reference to the requirements fixed by the Energy Performance Buildings European Directive (EPBDs) and the resulting implementation in Italian Legislation

  14. Characterizing temporary hydrological regimes at a European scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Kirkby

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Monthly duration curves have been constructed from climate data across Europe to help address the relative frequency of ecologically critical low flow stages in temporary rivers, when flow persists only in disconnected pools in the river bed. The hydrological model is based on a partitioning of precipitation to estimate water available for evapotranspiration and plant growth and for residual runoff. The duration curve for monthly flows has then been analysed to give an estimate of bankfull flow based on recurrence interval. The corresponding frequency for pools is then based on the ratio of bank full discharge to pool flow, arguing from observed ratios of cross-sectional areas at flood and low flows to estimate pool flow as 0.1% of bankfull flow, and so estimate the frequency of the pool conditions that constrain survival of river-dwelling arthropods and fish. The methodology has been applied across Europe at 15 km resolution, and can equally be applied under future climatic scenarios.

  15. Temporary refugia for coral reefs in a warming world

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hooidonk, R.; Maynard, J. A.; Planes, S.

    2013-05-01

    Climate-change impacts on coral reefs are expected to include temperature-induced spatially extensive bleaching events. Bleaching causes mortality when temperature stress persists but exposure to bleaching conditions is not expected to be spatially uniform at the regional or global scale. Here we show the first maps of global projections of bleaching conditions based on ensembles of IPCC AR5 (ref. ) models forced with the new Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). For the three RCPs with larger CO2 emissions (RCP 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5) the onset of annual bleaching conditions is associated with ~ 510ppm CO2 equivalent; the median year of all locations is 2040 for the fossil-fuel aggressive RCP 8.5. Spatial patterns in the onset of annual bleaching conditions are similar for each of the RCPs. For RCP 8.5, 26% of reef cells are projected to experience annual bleaching conditions more than 5 years later than the median. Some of these temporary refugia include the western Indian Ocean, Thailand, the southern Great Barrier Reef and central French Polynesia. A reduction in the growth of greenhouse-gas emissions corresponding to the difference between RCP 8.5 and 6.0 delays annual bleaching in ~ 23% of reef cells more than two decades, which might conceivably increase the potential for these reefs to cope with these changes.

  16. Uncontrollable frenzy and a unique temporary insanity plea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, A D; Suskind, P B

    2000-04-01

    On a bright, sunny April 1859 afternoon in Washington, D.C., a brutal murder occurred in Lafayette Park, directly across from the White House. Ironically, a close friend of President James Buchanan shot and killed his wife's lover. Daniel E. Sickles, a cuckolded U.S. Congressman, attacked and killed Philip Barton Key, the U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia. Key was one of the eleven children of Francis Scott Key, the author of the poem that became The Star Spangled Banner. At the trial, Sickles' seven lawyers presented an insanity plea claiming that an "uncontrollable frenzy" created a 'brainstorm" resulting in temporary insanity. In addition, the defense argued that the "unwritten law" provided immunity to a husband who avenged his honor. Only lay witnesses testified as to Sickles' intense emotional outrage. There was no expert medical witness to support the insanity plea. Prosecutors maintained that the killing was a premeditated murder, or at the very least manslaughter. PMID:10794208

  17. Temporary work for children of members of the personnel

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE PERSONNEL During the period 11 June to 14 September 2007 inclusive, a limited number of temporary jobs at CERN (normally unskilled work of a routine nature) will be made available to children of members of the personnel (i.e. anyone holding an employment or association contract with CERN). It should be noted that candidates must be aged between 18 and 24 inclusive on the first day of the contract, and that they must have insurance cover for both illness and accident. In view of the limited number of jobs available, no children who have previously worked at CERN under this scheme can be considered. The duration of all appointments will be 4 weeks, the allowance being CHF 1663.- for this period. Candidates should apply via the HR Department's electronic recruitment system (E-rt): https://ert.cern.ch/browse_www/wd_pds?p_web_page_id=5466 Completed application forms must be returned to this service by 13 April 2007 at the latest. The results of the selection will be available on 11 May 200...

  18. Temporary work for children of members of the personnel

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE PERSONNEL During the period 11 June to 14 September 2007 inclusive, a limited number of temporary jobs at CERN (normally unskilled work of a routine nature) will be made available to children of members of the personnel (i.e. anyone holding an employment or association contract with CERN). It should be noted that candidates must be aged between 18 and 24 inclusive on the first day of the contract, and that they must have insurance cover for both illness and accident. In view of the limited number of jobs available, no children who have previously worked at CERN under this scheme can be considered. The duration of all appointments will be 4 weeks, the allowance being CHF 1663.- for this period. Candidates should apply via the HR Department's electronic recruitment system (E-rt): https://ert.cern.ch/browse_www/wd_pds?p_web_page_id=5466 Completed application forms must be returned to this service by 13 April 2007 at the latest. The results of the selection will be available on 11 May 2...

  19. Temporary work for children of members of the personnel

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE PERSONNEL During the period 12 June to 15 September 2006 included, there will be a limited number of jobs for temporary work at CERN (normally unskilled work of routine nature) which will be made available to children of members of the personnel (i.e. anyone holding an employment or association contract with CERN). It should be noted that candidates must be aged between 18 and 24 inclusive on the first day of the contract, and that they must have insurance cover for both illness and accident. In view of the limited number of jobs available, no children who have previously worked at CERN under this scheme can be considered. The duration of all appointments will be 4 weeks, the allowance being CHF 1640.- for this period. Candidates should apply via HR department's electronic recruitment system (E-rt) : https://ert.cern.ch/browse_www/wd_pds?p_web_page_id=4691 Completed application forms must be returned to this service by 17 April 2006 at the latest. The results of the selection will be a...

  20. Temporary work for children of members of the personnel

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE PERSONNEL During the period 12 June to 15 September 2006 included, there will be a limited number of jobs for temporary work at CERN (normally unskilled work of routine nature) which will be made available to children of members of the personnel (i.e. anyone holding an employment or association contract with CERN). It should be noted that candidates must be aged between 18 and 24 inclusive on the first day of the contract, and that they must have insurance cover for both illness and accident. In view of the limited number of jobs available, no children who have previously worked at CERN under this scheme can be considered. The duration of all appointments will be 4 weeks, the allowance being CHF 1640.- for this period. Candidates should apply via HR department's electronic recruitment system (E-rt) : https://ert.cern.ch/browse_www/wd_pds?p_web_page_id=4691 Completed application forms must be returned to this service by 17 April 2006 at the latest. The results of the selection will be...

  1. Temporary work for children of members of the personnel

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE PERSONNEL During the period 11 June to 14 September 2007 included, there will be a limited number of jobs for temporary work at CERN (normally unskilled work of routine nature) which will be made available to children of members of the personnel (i.e. anyone holding an employment or association contract with CERN). It should be noted that candidates must be aged between 18 and 24 inclusive on the first day of the contract, and that they must have insurance cover for both illness and accident. In view of the limited number of jobs available, no children who have previously worked at CERN under this scheme can be considered. The duration of all appointments will be 4 weeks, the allowance being CHF 1663.- for this period. Candidates should apply via HR department's electronic recruitment system (E-rt): https://ert.cern.ch/browse_www/wd_pds?p_web_page_id=5466 Completed application forms must be returned to this service by 13 April 2007 at the latest. The results of the selection will be...

  2. Mobile integrated temporary utility system. Innovative technology summary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mobile Integrated Temporary Utility System (MITUS) integrates portable electrical power along with communications and emergency alarm and lighting capabilities to provide safe, centralized power to work areas that need to be de-energized for decommissioning work. MITUS consists of a portable unit substation; up to twenty portable kiosks that house the power receptacles, communications, and emergency alarm and lighting systems; and a central communications unit. This system makes sequential decommissioning efforts efficient and cost-effective by allowing the integrated system to remain intact while being moved to subsequent work sites. Use of the MITUS also eliminates the need to conduct zero-energy tests and implement associated lock-out/tag-out procedures at partially de-energized facilities. Since the MITUS is a designed system, it can be customized to accommodate unique facility conditions simply by varying kiosks and transformer configurations. The MITUS is an attractive alternate to the use of portable generators with stand-alone communications and emergency system. It is more cost-effective than upgrading or reconfiguring existing power distribution systems

  3. Temporary corneal stem cell dysfunction after radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation therapy can cause corneal and conjuctival abnormalities that sometimes require surgical treatment. Corneal stem cell dysfunction is described, which recovered after the cessation of radiation. Methods - A 44-year-old man developed a corneal epithelial abnormality associated with conjuctival and corneal inflammation following radiation therapy for maxillary cancer. Examination of brush cytology samples showed goblet cells in the upper and lower parts of the cornea, which showed increased fluorescein permeability, and intraepithelial lymphocytes. Impression cytology showed goblet cells in the same part of the cornea. Specular microscopy revealed spindle type epithelial cells. Patient follow up included artificial tears and an antibiotic ophthalmic ointment. The corneal abnormalities resolved after 4 months with improved visual acuity without any surgical intervention, but the disappearance of the palisades of Vogt did not recover at 1 year after radiation. Radiation therapy in this patient caused temporary stem cell dysfunction which resulted in conjunctivalisation in a part of the cornea. Although limbal stem cell function did not fully recover, this rare case suggested that medical options should be considered before surgery. (Author)

  4. Temporary redundant transmission mechanism for SCTP multihomed hosts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geetha, D Mohana; Muthusundar, S K; Subramaniam, M; Ayyaswamy, Kathirvel

    2015-01-01

    In SCTP's Concurrent Multipath Transfer, if data is sent to the destined IP(s) without knowledge of the paths condition, packets may be lost or delayed. This is because of the bursty nature of IP traffic and physical damage to the network. To offset these problems, network path status is examined using our new mechanism Multipath State Aware Concurrent Multipath Transfer using redundant transmission (MSACMT-RTv2). Here the status of multiple paths is analyzed, initially and periodically thereafter transmitted. After examination, paths priority is assigned before transmission. One path is temporarily employed as redundant path for the failure-expected path (FEP); this redundant path is used for transmitting redundant data. At the end of predefined period, reliability of the FEP is confirmed. If FEP is ensured to be reliable, temporary path is transformed into normal CMT path. MSACMT-RTv2 algorithm is simulated using the Delaware University ns-2 SCTP/CMT module (ns-2; V2.29). We present and discuss MSACMT-RTv2 performance in asymmetric path delay and with finite receiver buffer (rbuf) size. We extended our experiment to test robustness of this algorithm and inferred exhaustive result. It is inferred that our algorithm outperforms better in terms of increasing the throughput and reducing the latency than existing system. PMID:25685833

  5. Temporary Redundant Transmission Mechanism for SCTP Multihomed Hosts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Mohana Geetha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In SCTP’s Concurrent Multipath Transfer, if data is sent to the destined IP(s without knowledge of the paths condition, packets may be lost or delayed. This is because of the bursty nature of IP traffic and physical damage to the network. To offset these problems, network path status is examined using our new mechanism Multipath State Aware Concurrent Multipath Transfer using redundant transmission (MSACMT-RTv2. Here the status of multiple paths is analyzed, initially and periodically thereafter transmitted. After examination, paths priority is assigned before transmission. One path is temporarily employed as redundant path for the failure-expected path (FEP; this redundant path is used for transmitting redundant data. At the end of predefined period, reliability of the FEP is confirmed. If FEP is ensured to be reliable, temporary path is transformed into normal CMT path. MSACMT-RTv2 algorithm is simulated using the Delaware University ns-2 SCTP/CMT module (ns-2; V2.29. We present and discuss MSACMT-RTv2 performance in asymmetric path delay and with finite receiver buffer (rbuf size. We extended our experiment to test robustness of this algorithm and inferred exhaustive result. It is inferred that our algorithm outperforms better in terms of increasing the throughput and reducing the latency than existing system.

  6. K Basins sludge removal temporary sludge storage tank system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shipment of sludge from the K Basins to a disposal site is now targeted for August 2000. The current path forward for sludge disposal is shipment to Tank AW-105 in the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). Significant issues of the feasibility of this path exist primarily due to criticality concerns and the presence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBS) in the sludge at levels that trigger regulation under the Toxic Substance Control Act. Introduction of PCBs into the TWRS processes could potentially involve significant design and operational impacts to both the Spent Nuclear Fuel and TWRS projects if technical and regulatory issues related to PCB treatment cannot be satisfactorily resolved. Concerns of meeting the TWRS acceptance criteria have evolved such that new storage tanks for the K Basins sludge may be the best option for storage prior to vitrification of the sludge. A recommendation for the final disposition of the sludge is scheduled for June 30, 1997. To support this decision process, this project was developed. This project provides a preconceptual design package including preconceptual designs and cost estimates for the temporary sludge storage tanks. Development of cost estimates for the design and construction of sludge storage systems is required to help evaluate a recommendation for the final disposition of the K Basin sludge

  7. K Basins sludge removal temporary sludge storage tank system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mclean, M.A.

    1997-06-12

    Shipment of sludge from the K Basins to a disposal site is now targeted for August 2000. The current path forward for sludge disposal is shipment to Tank AW-105 in the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). Significant issues of the feasibility of this path exist primarily due to criticality concerns and the presence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBS) in the sludge at levels that trigger regulation under the Toxic Substance Control Act. Introduction of PCBs into the TWRS processes could potentially involve significant design and operational impacts to both the Spent Nuclear Fuel and TWRS projects if technical and regulatory issues related to PCB treatment cannot be satisfactorily resolved. Concerns of meeting the TWRS acceptance criteria have evolved such that new storage tanks for the K Basins sludge may be the best option for storage prior to vitrification of the sludge. A reconunendation for the final disposition of the sludge is scheduled for June 30, 1997. To support this decision process, this project was developed. This project provides a preconceptual design package including preconceptual designs and cost estimates for the temporary sludge storage tanks. Development of cost estimates for the design and construction of sludge storage systems is required to help evaluate a recommendation for the final disposition of the K Basin sludge.

  8. Surface treatment of a temporary soft liner for increased longevity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, D M; Scheer, E C

    1993-03-01

    This is a preliminary report on the use of several surface-conditioning agents on a commonly used temporary soft lining material. The surface of the material was treated with either poly(ethyl methacrylate) monomer, mono-poly glaze, or Minute-Stain glaze. Samples were compared with untreated soft liner before and after it was worn by a patient for 30 days. The scanning electron microscope was used to analyze samples. Initially the surface of all samples was intact, with the samples treated with mono-poly glaze and Minute-Stain glaze having fewer irregularities. After 30 days, untreated liner and that treated with monomer showed severe wear with resultant exposure of generalized pits and holes. Most of the defects represented exposure of subsurface air bubbles incorporated during mixing. The mono-poly glaze-treated specimen retained the glasslike appearance that it had before it was worn for 30 days. The Minute-Stain glaze specimen appeared irregular, although without the extensive pitting seen in the first two types of specimens. PMID:8445565

  9. Application of temporary roof method for OPR 1000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Progress Status: Delay in AB structural work due to unsound bedrock -3.5 months delayed start from IPS Rev.0→Difficult to meet the milestone of Energizing. Promote of 47 month schedule for enhancing the competitiveness of OPR 1000. Accumulated experience and technical know-how for the temporary roof system in domestic construction field. Weather condition of site: Increase in rainy days due to global warming (Rainy day: Average 84 days ('95∼'99)→115 days ('07). Change of worker's recognition→pursuing the work environment, health and leisure than making money. '08/02 Adopt an agenda in 47 months TFT meeting. '08.03 Survey the subcontractor and implement the basic design. '08/04 Perform the detail design and structural analysis. '08/05 Start manufacturing→Complete installing ('08/06). '08/10 Removal for installing the upper structural steel. '09/05 Scheduled to be reinstalled in 1 AB. About 1 month schedule reduction→Assist to meet the milestone of Energizing→Minimize the over-time work. Accumulate the utilizing experience for all-weather method→Continuous application for the future domestic and overseas NPP, Essential method for rainy season in China and South East Asia. Increase the quality and safety due to indoor work, No need to continue the work in rainy day. Promote the image of Nuclear Construction, Provide with a better work environment, Contribute to enhance the competitiveness of OPR 1000

  10. Image guided placement of temporary anchorage devices for tooth movement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bahl-Palomo, L.; Bissada, N. [Case Western Reserve Univ. School of Dental Medicine, Dept. of Periodontics, Cleveland, OH (United States); Palomo, J.M.; Hans, M.G. [Case Western Reserve Univ. School of Dental Medicine, Dept. of Orthodontics, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2007-06-15

    The aim of this project is to develop an image guided protocol for placement of a temporary anchorage device without surgically reflecting a mucoperiosteal flap. Eighteen orthodontic cases were selected for skeletal anchorage from the department of orthodontics at Case University. CBCT images of the subjects were taken using the Hitachi CB MercuRay system set at 15 mA, 120 kVp. CBCT images evaluated the ideal location for TAD placement in three dimensions. Horizontal and vertical linear measurements were taken from fixed dental landmarks to clearly define the location for placement. Transverse slices were used to evaluate the thickness of the buccal plate. Using the transverse view, the angle of insertion was determined such that the maximum buccal plate surface area would contact the screw. TADs were placed in the optimum location, with the most appropriate angle of insertion using a closed approach and with minimal local anesthesia and without flap elevation. Results: All TADs were placed without anatomic encroachment and enabled fixed orthodontic anchorage. (orig.)

  11. Image guided placement of temporary anchorage devices for tooth movement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this project is to develop an image guided protocol for placement of a temporary anchorage device without surgically reflecting a mucoperiosteal flap. Eighteen orthodontic cases were selected for skeletal anchorage from the department of orthodontics at Case University. CBCT images of the subjects were taken using the Hitachi CB MercuRay system set at 15 mA, 120 kVp. CBCT images evaluated the ideal location for TAD placement in three dimensions. Horizontal and vertical linear measurements were taken from fixed dental landmarks to clearly define the location for placement. Transverse slices were used to evaluate the thickness of the buccal plate. Using the transverse view, the angle of insertion was determined such that the maximum buccal plate surface area would contact the screw. TADs were placed in the optimum location, with the most appropriate angle of insertion using a closed approach and with minimal local anesthesia and without flap elevation. Results: All TADs were placed without anatomic encroachment and enabled fixed orthodontic anchorage. (orig.)

  12. The effects of smoking on temporary threshold shift

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ramzy W. Melik

    2001-01-01

    For studying the influence of smoking on temporary threshold shift (TTS), six normal subjects (3 smokers and 3 nonsmokers) were selected for carrying out this work. Nonsmokers were exposed separately for 7 min to 95 dB SPL in 1/3-octave band filtered noise centred at 2 kHz. Pre and post exposure thresholds (leftear) were recorded in a sound-proof booth using Bruel & Kjaer (B & K) Audiometer type 1800. For smokers, each one smoked a cigarette during the five minutes following the pre-exposure threshold measurement. All the assessments were conducted at a temperature between 22 - 25°C. The results indicated that smokers evidenced less TTS than did nonsmokers in the frequency range from 1 kHz to 5 kHz.At 6 kHz smokers evidenced nearly higher value. Maximum TTS was attained at frequency that was about 1/2-octave higher than that of the exposed noise. Comparison between recovery curves for smokers and nonsmokers was also made.

  13. The health of women temporary agricultural workers in Canada: a critical review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmunds, Kathryn; Berman, Helene; Basok, Tanya; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn; Forchuk, Cheryl

    2011-12-01

    Among high-income countries such as Canada, there is growing dependency on "low skilled" temporary foreign workers in a variety of sectors. The purpose of this review is to critically synthesize and analyze the theoretical and empirical literature on gendered and temporary migration in the context of globalization and the health of temporary agricultural workers, particularly women in Canadian programs. While the social sciences literature contains well-developed conceptualizations of gendered migration, the research has focused on women in feminized occupations such as domestic work. Multidisciplinary searches produced only 11 research and review publications on the gendered constraints or health of temporary agricultural workers in Canada. Further investigation is needed to explore and integrate the strengths, resiliencies, and health-care needs of women migrant agricultural workers in Canada, as well as the barriers they face, within the intersecting and gendered forces of inequities at all levels: local, national, and global. PMID:22435309

  14. 78 FR 14843 - Temporary Scope Expansion of the Post-Investigation Alternative Dispute Resolution Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... COMMISSION Temporary Scope Expansion of the Post-Investigation Alternative Dispute Resolution Program AGENCY... Regulatory Commission (NRC) is expanding the scope of the post-investigation Alternative Dispute Resolution...-0115, ``Alternative Dispute Resolution Review Team (ART) Pilot Program Recommendations for...

  15. 76 FR 21426 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ... Surface Transportation Board Union Pacific Railroad Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--BNSF Railway Company AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION: Partial Revocation of Exemption... protective conditions set forth in Oregon Short Line Railroad--Abandonment Portion Goshen Branch...

  16. Categorizing basic factors driving soil genesis, pedovariability and plant assemblages in Mediterranean Temporary Wetlands (TWs)

    OpenAIRE

    Capra, Gian Franco; CARIA, MARIA CARMELA; Buondonno, Andrea; Seddaiu, Giovanna; Vacca, Sergio; Bagella, Simonetta

    2012-01-01

    A research was carried out in six Temporary Wetlands (TWs), located in north-western Sardinia (Italy), with the aim to categorize the basic factors driving and linking soil genesis and plant assemblages in Mediterranean basin.

  17. Making it easier the identification of vascular plants in Mediterranean temporary ponds: the online interactive guide

    OpenAIRE

    BAGELLA, SIMONETTA; CARIA, MARIA CARMELA; Pittao, Elena; Filigheddu, Rossella Speranza; Moro, Andrea; Nimis, Pier Luigi

    2015-01-01

    The aims of our research were: i) to implement a checklist of vascular plants, and ii) to create an interactive guide for the identification of plants growing in the Mediterranean temporary ponds of Sardinia.

  18. Do changes in regulation affect employment duration in temporary help agencies?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antoni, Manfred; Jahn, Elke

    2009-01-01

    The employment duration of workers in temporary help agencies is seen as an important indicator of their job quality. Most of the countries that regulate temporary agency employment do so to insure at least a minimal level of employment stability. Over the past three decades Germany has repeatedly...... liberalized the law on temporary agency employment. These successive reforms should have affected the employment duration in the temporary employment sector. Based on informative administrative data, we use a mixed proportional hazard rate model to examine whether employment duration has changed in response...... to these reforms. We find that the repeated prolongation of the maximum assignment period has significantly increased average employment duration, while the possibility to conclude fixed-term contracts and further liberalizations have reduced employment tenure....

  19. Temporary vena cava filter for the thrombolytic treatment of venous thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the value of the temporary vena cava filter in the prevention of ectopic embolism formation in cases with thrombolytic therapy of venous thrombosis. Methods: Of 11 patients, 10 suffered from venous thrombosis of lower limb and 1 from thrombosis of right internal jugular vein with persistent truncus arteriosus were treated by inserting permanent or temporary vena cava filter via median vein. Results: In all 11 case control of symptoms followed this treatment occurred 7 to 15 days, thrombi were completely or partly dissolute, the blood vessels re-canalized, and finally removed the temporary vena cava filter. There were no complication and ectopic emboli related to thrombolytic therapy. Conclusions: The observation indicated that temporary vena cava filter insertion is safe and effective to prevent ectopic embolism in thrombolytic therapy of venous thrombosis

  20. Genoptraening efter total knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bente; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty rehabilitat......The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty...

  1. Totalization Data Exchange (TDEX)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Totalization Data Exchange (TDEX) process is an exchange between SSA and its foreign country partners to identify deaths of beneficiaries residing abroad. The...

  2. [RESULTS OF RESTORATIVE OPERATIONS USING MODIFIED METHOD OF FORMATION OF TEMPORARY LOOP INTESTINAL STOMAS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomazkin, V I

    2015-01-01

    The article estimated the results of excision of temporary loop colo- and ileostomas using method of their formation with erfixation of parietal peritoneum to aponeurosis of abdominal external oblique muscle in 18 patients. The authors concluded that the formation of temporary loop stoma with fixation of parietal peritoneum to aponeurosis had many advantages and could ter mprve he rsuls of the resoraive operation. PMID:26234072

  3. Temporary agency work, the changing employment relationship and its impact on Human Resource Management

    OpenAIRE

    Mitlacher, Lars W.

    2005-01-01

    The increasing use of temporary agency work in Germany has implications for the nature of the employment relationship. The notion of a clearly defined employeremployee relationship becomes difficult to uphold in triangular relationships like in the case of temporary agency work where the agencies employees are working at the site of the client company. The blurring of the boundaries of organisations and of the employment relationship leads to ambiguities that affect Human Resource Management....

  4. Permitting Precariousness: Addressing Employment Standards Challenges for Temporary Foreign Workers in British Columbia

    OpenAIRE

    Pati, Angela Neelam

    2016-01-01

    Since 2002, there has been an increase in the number of low-skill and low-wage temporary foreign workers in Canada. This study examines the employment standards challenges that these workers may encounter while in the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. Employment standards legislation provides the minimum requirements for workplace procedures, conditions, and transactions, such as overtime pay and hours of work. Given that the regulation of labour and employment fall under provincial jurisdict...

  5. The Impact of Worker Effort on Public Sentiment Towards Temporary Migrants

    OpenAIRE

    Epstein, Gil S.; VENTURINI, Alessandra

    2011-01-01

    Temporary and circular migration programs have been devised by many destination countries and supported by the European Commission as a policy to reduce welfare and social costs of immigration in destination countries. In this paper we present an additional reason for proposing temporary migration policies based on the characteristics of the foreign labor-effort supply. The level of effort exerted by migrants, which decreases over their duration in the host country, positively affects product...

  6. Temporary foreign workers in British Columbia's construction industry: friends or rivals

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Ahna

    2009-01-01

    This study assesses the extent to which opposition to temporary foreign workers exists in British Columbia’s construction industry and uses the findings to suggest policies designed to address the concerns of resident workers. Using a survey of resident workers, the study examines the economic rationale behind their opposition to the employment of temporary foreign workers and determines whether skill levels affect the degree of opposition. The survey finds that resident workers are most conc...

  7. Personal use of hair dyes and temporary black tattoos in Copenhagen hairdressers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henriette Seiler; Johansen, Jeanne D; Thyssen, Jacob P;

    2010-01-01

    Hairdressers are occupationally and personally exposed to hair dye substances and adverse reactions from the skin are well known. Currently, little is known about personal exposure to hair dye ingredients and temporary black tattoos.......Hairdressers are occupationally and personally exposed to hair dye substances and adverse reactions from the skin are well known. Currently, little is known about personal exposure to hair dye ingredients and temporary black tattoos....

  8. Dynamic effects of anticipated and temporary tax changes in a R&D-based growth model

    OpenAIRE

    Takao, Kizuku

    2014-01-01

    Tax changes are often announced before the implementations and are not permanent but only temporary. R&D firms will optimally adjust their investment decision to a tax schedule accordingly. This paper analyzes how anticipated and temporary tax changes dynamically affect the innovation activities. For the purpose, we consider adjustment costs for the investment process and allow firms to make a forward looking investment decision in the framework of an R&D-based endogenous growth model. Calibr...

  9. Understanding patterns of temporary method use among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Barden-O’Fallon, Janine; Speizer, Ilene S.; Calhoun, Lisa M; Montana, Livia; Nanda, Priya

    2014-01-01

    Background: Almost one in five contraceptive users in India uses a temporary method. It is important to understand user profiles and method use patterns for optimal program targeting. This analysis examines differences in demographic characteristics, discontinuation and use patterns of temporary method users among a representative sample of urban women from four cities in Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods: Individual data from a panel of women aged 15–49 were collected in 2010 in Agra, Aligarh, A...

  10. Skating on thin ice: a study of the injuries sustained at a temporary ice skating rink

    OpenAIRE

    Barr, Lynne V.; Imam, Samirul; Crawford, John R.; Owen, P. Julian

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, ice skating and temporary ice skating rinks have become increasingly popular. Regular elite competitors are known to be at risk of both acute and chronic injuries. It may be postulated that skaters at the temporary rinks are at high risk of acute injuries from falls due to both their lack of expertise and the inherent dangers of ice skating. Injuries sustained at skating rinks present a significant burden to local healthcare resources, in particular orthopaedic departments. F...

  11. Economic effects of a temporary shutdown of an airport - Review and case study

    OpenAIRE

    DE LANGHE, Katrien; STRUYF, Els; SYS, Christa; Van De Voorde, Eddy; VANELSLANDER, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    Airports are crucial nodes, ensuring the economic activity in a region. This paper reports on the direct and indirect effects of a temporary shutdown of an airport. Airports can be closed for several reasons and this can have major effects on different stakeholders. Therefore, this paper offers an analysis of this issue, so that all stakeholders can prepare themselves for the case a shutdown occurs, and will be able to take measures. Firstly, the effects of a temporary shutdown are discussed ...

  12. Plant communities as a tool in temporary ponds conservation in SW Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    C. Pinto-Cruz, J. A. Molina; V. Silva, M. D. Espírito-Santo; Barbour, M.

    2009-01-01

    Temporary ponds are seasonal wetlands annually subjected to extreme and unstable ecological conditions, neither truly aquatic nor truly terrestrial. This habitat and its flora have been poorly studied and documented because of the ephemeral character of the flora, the changeable annual weather that has a great effect on the small, herbaceous taxa and the declining abundance of temporary ponds. The objectives of this study are: (a)to define plant community diversi...

  13. Incentives to invest in the human capital of temporary agency workers

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Stephanie; Thommes, Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    Growing diffusion of temporary agency work, in conjunction with the growing importance of human capital management, leads to the question who invests in the human capital of temporary agency workers. Therefore, we investigate the parties' incentives to invest and review the small number of existing empirical works. We show that there are incentives for all parties to invest even in general human capital, using the human capital theory and the concept of psychological contracts. Clients' incen...

  14. Temporary Housing and Disaster Victim Assistance: Evidence from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    UNAYAMA Takashi

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the effectiveness and problems of the temporary housing program, which is being applied to the victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake. While prefab homes are usually distributed as temporary housing, rent subsidies have become an additional option. Subsidies would be a better measure to help the victims if enough vacant units are available since the existing units are a more timely option; victims can choose size, location, and structure based on their needs; and t...

  15. Temporary protection of construction pit for pump station and service shaft

    OpenAIRE

    Šubic, Andrej

    2010-01-01

    The thesis deals with geostatic analysis of temporary excavation pit for installation of pump station and service shaft. They are part of the project named Renewal of public sewerage, waterwork and road reconstruction in Savska cesta in Kranj. Nearby buildings, local road, Kokra river and design depth of pump station dictate realization of temporary protection of construction pit under phreatic level. Analysis are executed analytically and numericaly using computer program Plaxis. Analyticall...

  16. Learning behavior and temporary minima of two-layer neural networks

    OpenAIRE

    Annema, Anne-Johan; Hoen, Klaas; Wallinga, Hans

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents a mathematical analysis of the occurrence of temporary minima during training of a single-output, two-layer neural network, with learning according to the back-propagation algorithm. A new vector decomposition method is introduced, which simplifies the mathematical analysis of learning of neural networks considerably. The analysis shows that temporary minima are inherent to multilayer networks learning. A number of numerical results illustrate the analytical conclusions.

  17. Source-Sink Colonization as a Possible Strategy of Insects Living in Temporary Habitats

    OpenAIRE

    Frouz, Jan; Kindlmann, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    Continuous colonization and re-colonization is critical for survival of insect species living in temporary habitats. When insect populations in temporary habitats are depleted, some species may escape extinction by surviving in permanent, but less suitable habitats, in which long-term population survival can be maintained only by immigration from other populations. Such situation has been repeatedly described in nature, but conditions when and how this occurs and how important this phenomenon...

  18. Temporary Workforce Planning with Firm Contracts: A Model and a Simulated Annealing Heuristic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Al-Salamah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to introduce a model for temporary staffing when temporary employment is managed by firm contracts and to propose a simulated annealing-based method to solve the model. Temporary employment is a policy frequently used to adjust the working hour capacity to fluctuating demand. Temporary workforce planning models have been unnecessarily simplified to account for only periodic hiring and laying off; a company can review its workforce requirement every period and make hire-fire decisions accordingly, usually with a layoff cost. We present a more realistic temporary workforce planning model that assumes a firm contract between the worker and the company, which can extend to several periods. The model assumes the traditional constraints, such as inventory balance constraints, worker availability, and labor hour mix. The costs are the inventory holding cost, training cost of the temporary workers, and the backorder cost. The mixed integer model developed for this case has been found to be difficult to solve even for small problem sizes; therefore, a simulated annealing algorithm is proposed to solve the mixed integer model. The performance of the SA algorithm is compared with the CPLEX solution.

  19. Thermoablation of Liver Metastases: Efficacy of Temporary Celiac Plexus Block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose. To determine the efficacy of celiac plexus block during thermoablation of liver metastases. Methods. Fifty-five consecutive patients underwent thermoablation therapy of liver tumors by laser-induced thermotherapy. Twenty-nine patients received a temporary celiac plexus block, 26 patients acted as control group. In both groups fentanyl and midazolam were administered intravenously upon request of the patient. The duration of the intervention, consumption of opiates, and individual pain sensations were documented. Results. No complications resulting from the celiac plexus block were recorded. Celiac plexus block significantly reduced the amount of pain medication used during thermoablation therapy of liver tumors (with block, 2.45 μg fentanyl per kg body weight; without block, 3.58 μg fentanyl per kg body weight, p < 0.05; midazolam consumption was not reduced) in patients with metastases ≤5 mm from the liver capsule. For metastases farther away from the capsule no significant differences in opiate consumption were seen. Celiac plexus block reduced the time for thermoablation significantly (178 min versus 147 min, p < 0.05) no matter how far the metastases were from the liver capsule. Average time needed to set the block was 12 min (range 9-15 min); additional costs for the block were marginal. As expected (as pain medications were given according to individual patients' needs) pain indices did not differ significantly between the two groups. Conclusion. In patients with liver metastases ≤5 mm from the liver capsule, celiac plexus block reduces the amount of opiates necessary, simplifying patient monitoring. In addition celiac plexus block reduces intervention time, with positive effects on overall workflow for all patients

  20. Modified sewage sludge as temporary landfill cover material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun He

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the feasibility of modified sewage sludge as landfill cover material and its performance in a complex landfill environment, strength and hydraulic conductivity tests were conducted. The permeability requirements for daily and interim covers were analyzed first. Based on saturated-unsaturated seepage calculations, it is suggested that approximately 1.0 × 10-4 cm/s and 1.0 × 10-5 cm/s are the appropriate values for the hydraulic conductivities of daily and interim covers, respectively. The strength and permeability requirements of the mixtures, when used as an interim cover, can be met at a sludge:lime:cement:silt:tire-derived aggregate (TDA weight ratio of 100:15:5:70:15. Results also demonstrate that the solid content ratio of modified sewage sludge, which should be greater than 60% when modified sewage sludge is used as a temporary cover material, is crucial to both strength and hydraulic performance. In addition, as the duration of soaking of modified sewage sludge in synthetic leachate increases, the unconfined compressive strength increases, and the hydraulic conductivity decreases slightly or fluctuates between 1.0 × 10-5 cm/s and 1.0 × 10-6 cm/s, still meeting the requirements for an interim cover. The reduction in hydraulic conductivity of modified sewage sludge under the effect of synthetic leachate, as well as the long-term and environmental performance of the modified sewage sludge, should be examined in future studies.

  1. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... with regard to longevity of total shoulders versus hips and knees. 00:46:20 GERALD WILLIAMS, MD: ... is almost ten years younger than the average hip or knee replacement patient. But if you look ...

  2. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available GLOBAL AP ANATOMIC TOTAL SHOULDER SYSTEM METHODIST HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA April 17, 2008 00:00:10 ANNOUNCER: DePuy Orthopedics is continually advancing the standard of orthopedic patient care. In a few ...

  3. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... MD: This is Doug Boardman from Richmond, Virginia. We're here at Methodist Hospital in Philadelphia, where ... will be performing a total shoulder arthroplasty. Before we go to Dr. Williams, I'd like to ...

  4. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you look anyplace, there's probably six or eight articles in the literature right now that have compared ... Dr. Rockwood, my friend and mentor, published an article that showed pain relief was better in totals. ...

  5. Total parenteral nutrition - infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is a method of feeding that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract. Fluids are given into a vein to ... babies. It can provide a better level of nutrition than regular intravenous (IV) feedings, which provide only ...

  6. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... We had a question with regard to physical therapy after total shoulder arthroplasty: expectations and limitations. 00: ... opposite. We don't -- we do hardly any therapy at all to reverse. With reverse patients, they ...

  7. Total 2004 results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the 2004 results of Total Group: consolidated account, special items, number of shares, market environment, adjustment for amortization of Sanofi-Aventis merger-related intangibles, 4. quarter 2004 results (operating and net incomes, cash flow), upstream (results, production, reserves, recent highlights), downstream (results, refinery throughput, recent highlights), chemicals (results, recent highlights), Total's full year 2004 results (operating and net income, cash flow), 2005 sensitivities, Total SA parent company accounts and proposed dividend, adoption of IFRS accounting, summary and outlook, main operating information by segment for the 4. quarter and full year 2004: upstream (combined liquids and gas production by region, liquids production by region, gas production by region), downstream (refined product sales by region, chemicals), Total financial statements: consolidated statement of income, consolidated balance sheet (assets, liabilities and shareholder's equity), consolidated statements of cash flows, business segments information. (J.S.)

  8. Total Ecosystem Carbon Stock

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Total ecosystem carbon includes above- and below-ground live plant components (such as leaf, branch, stem and root), dead biomass (such as standing dead wood, down...

  9. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... And we have Dr. Song visiting us from South Korea. This patient is a 78-year-old male ... there's probably six or eight articles in the literature right now that have compared hemis to totals. ...

  10. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... be performing a total shoulder arthroplasty. Before we go to Dr. Williams, I'd like to encourage ... It's always a question about how deep we go with this osteotomy. I tend to go almost ...

  11. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available GLOBAL AP ANATOMIC TOTAL SHOULDER SYSTEM METHODIST HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA April 17, 2008 00:00:10 ANNOUNCER: DePuy Orthopedics is continually advancing the standard of orthopedic patient ...

  12. Total 2004 results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-02-01

    This document presents the 2004 results of Total Group: consolidated account, special items, number of shares, market environment, adjustment for amortization of Sanofi-Aventis merger-related intangibles, 4. quarter 2004 results (operating and net incomes, cash flow), upstream (results, production, reserves, recent highlights), downstream (results, refinery throughput, recent highlights), chemicals (results, recent highlights), Total's full year 2004 results (operating and net income, cash flow), 2005 sensitivities, Total SA parent company accounts and proposed dividend, adoption of IFRS accounting, summary and outlook, main operating information by segment for the 4. quarter and full year 2004: upstream (combined liquids and gas production by region, liquids production by region, gas production by region), downstream (refined product sales by region, chemicals), Total financial statements: consolidated statement of income, consolidated balance sheet (assets, liabilities and shareholder's equity), consolidated statements of cash flows, business segments information. (J.S.)

  13. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... WILLIAMS, MD: The patients that have a total shoulder replacement will come in on their first postoperative visit and tell you their pain's gone. The hemi arthroplasty without interposition will come ...

  14. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... compared hemis to totals. Even Dr. Rockwood, my friend and mentor, published an article that showed pain ... reasonably good cortices, I get a little more aggressive, but not a lot. This is not a ...

  15. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to longevity of total shoulders versus hips and knees. 00:46:20 GERALD WILLIAMS, MD: Well, obviously, ... ten years younger than the average hip or knee replacement patient. But if you look at the ...

  16. Total parenteral nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) will help you or your child get nutrition from a special formula through a vein in the ... you can also eat and drink while getting nutrition from TPN. Your nurse will teach you how ...

  17. Total Grid Estimation

    OpenAIRE

    R. Kelley Pace

    1998-01-01

    This article provides a matrix representation of the adjustment grid estimator. From this representation, one can invoke the Gauss-Mrkov theorem to examine the efficiency of ordinary least squares (OLS) and the grid estimator that uses OLS estimates of the adjustments (the "plug-in" grid method). In addition, this matrix representation suggests a generalized least squares version of the grid method, labeled herin as the total grid estimator. Based on the empirical experiments, the total grid ...

  18. Space, place and body: temporary coalitions, nodes in a network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerith Power

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The articles in this collection share a concern for place, space and bodies as frameworks for thinking about and conducting educational research. The authors range in experience from senior academics, independent educators, beginning and emerging new researchers spanning a range of educational sectors. The articles originate from connections forged within and between Australia and northern countries with visits back and forth between 2004 and 2010. Some of the writers have met each other in these travels and others have not. All have encountered and participated in some way in the work of the space place and body research group, which originated in 2007 as a named research ‘node’ at Monash University.   The space place and body group formed as a result of a process designed to re-imagine research in the Faculty of Education at Monash University in order to address ‘the big questions of our time’. As a leading global university with campuses in Asia and Europe as well as several in Australia, the Dean of the Faculty cited recent evidence that the field of educational research had become too narrowly focused and that new approaches were needed to enliven the field and move it forward. Individualistic research was no longer supported and groups were formed organically around coalitions of interest. The purpose of the space place and body group was to come together to generate new conceptual, theoretical and methodological resources within the core concepts of space, place and body by collaborating across our differences. In the early phase of our development we focused on linked identity (ontological and knowledge (epistemological work, at the intersection of postcolonial and poststructural approaches to place in educational research. A specific interest in alternative and creative methodologies emerged from these onto-epistemological activities.   As part of our process we initiated temporary definitions of space, place and body, to

  19. Geomorphological evolution of a newly restored upland temporary stream

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marteau, Baptiste; Batalla, Ramon J.; Gibbins, Chris N.; Green, David R.; Vericat, Damià

    2015-04-01

    The river Ehen, NW England, has been designated as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) as it hosts England's largest population of freshwater pearl mussels (M. margaritifera). One of the Ehen's main headwater tributary, Ben Gill, was diverted to Ennerdale Lake in the 1970s to help increase the volume of water available for abstraction. Concerns over this diversion on the hydrology and sediment dynamics of the Ehen has led to the reconnection of this temporary stream as part of a project designed to improve habitat conditions for mussels in the Ehen. The reconnection has involved the construction of a new section of channel, following the natural (pre-diversion) course of Ben Gill. This paper presents findings of research designed to track the morphological evolution of the newly created Ben Gill channel. The work follows a previous research in which fluvial dynamics in the Ehen were studied before the reconnection of Ben Gill. Morpho-sedimentary dynamics are analysed at multiple scales: from the movement of individual particles, to changes on channel morphology following competent flow events. Changes in the channel's grain size distributions have been investigated in different sections, while bed mobility has been assessed using a combination of radio frequency identification (RFID) tags inserted into representative particles and painted bed patches. Additionally, digital elevation models (DEMs) of the entire new channel have been constructed by means of automatic digital photogrammetry using high resolution aerial photography taken by an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). DEMs of difference (DoD) between major flow events have been used to track lateral and longitudinal changes in the channel at a spatial resolution of less than 5cm. Finally, in order to link sedimentological changes in the new channel to its impact on the main stem Ehen, morpho-sedimentary changes of a gravel bar at the confluence have been monitored combining tracers (i.e. RFID) and repeated

  20. Developing a novel approach to analyse the regimes of temporary streams and their controls on aquatic biota

    OpenAIRE

    Gallart, F.; Prat, N.; Garcia-Roger, E.M.; Latron, J.; Rieradevall, M.; P. Llorens; Barbera, G.G.; J. Froebrich

    2011-01-01

    Temporary streams are those water courses that undergo the recurrent cessation of flow or the complete drying of their channel. The biological communities in temporary stream reaches are strongly dependent on the temporal changes of the aquatic habitats determined by the hydrological conditions. The use of the aquatic fauna structural and functional characteristics to assess the ecological quality of a temporary stream reach can not therefore be made without taking into account the controls i...

  1. Temporary abdominal closure with zipper-mesh device for management of intra-abdominal sepsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to present our experience with scheduled reoperations in 15 patients with intra-abdominal sepsis. METHODS: we have applied a more effective technique consisting of temporary abdominal closure with a nylon mesh sheet containing a zipper. We performed reoperations in the operating room under general anesthesia at an average interval of 84 hours. The revision consisted of debridement of necrotic material and vigorous lavage of the involved peritoneal area. The mean age of patients was 38.7 years (range, 15 to 72 years; 11 patients were male, and four were female. RESULTS: forty percent of infections were due to necrotizing pancreatitis. Sixty percent were due to perforation of the intestinal viscus secondary to inflammation, vascular occlusion or trauma. We performed a total of 48 reoperations, an average of 3.2 surgeries per patient. The mesh-zipper device was left in place for an average of 13 days. An intestinal ostomy was present adjacent to the zipper in four patients and did not present a problem for patient management. Mortality was 26.6%. No fistulas resulted from this technique. When intra-abdominal disease was under control, the mesh-zipper device was removed, and the fascia was closed in all patients. In three patients, the wound was closed primarily, and in 12 it was allowed to close by secondary intent. Two patients developed hernia; one was incisional and one was in the drain incision. CONCLUSION: the planned reoperation for manual lavage and debridement of the abdomen through a nylon mesh-zipper combination was rapid, simple, and well-tolerated. It permitted effective management of severe septic peritonitis, easy wound care and primary closure of the abdominal wall.

  2. Development and qualitative evaluation of an adapted return to work guideline for the sick-listed unemployed and temporary agency workers with minor psychological problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audhoe Selwin S

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Among the working population, unemployed and temporary agency workers with psychological problems are a particularly vulnerable group, at risk for sickness absence and prolonged work disability. There is a need for the development of a new protocol for this group, because the existing return to work (RTW interventions, including practice guidelines, do not address the situation when there is no workplace to return to. The purpose of this study was to (1 describe the adaptations needed in the practice guideline for employed workers to enable its use by insurance physicians (IPs for counselling of sick-listed unemployed and temporary agency workers with minor psychological problems; and (2 evaluate the experiences of IPs when using the new guidance document for minor psychological problems (MPP guidance document. Methods The MPP guidance document for unemployed and temporary agency workers was developed through discussions with nine IPs and with the help of an expert. Semi-structured interviews with five IPs were then held to evaluate the IPs’ field experience using the MPP guidance document, in terms of (a feasibility and (b perceived usefulness of the MPP guidance document. Results The main adaptation introduced in the guideline is that interaction with the workplace, which is absent in this population, needed to be established in an alternative way, i.e., through the involvement of vocational rehabilitation agencies and labour experts. Overall, the guideline required minimal changes. In total, nineteen sick-listed workers were counselled using the MPP guidance document. The overall experience of the IPs was that the MPP guidance document was feasible and useful for the IP, while they had mixed responses on its usefulness for the sick-listed worker, in part due to the follow-up period of this study. Conclusions An existing practice guideline for employed workers was adapted for use as a guidance document for unemployed and

  3. Total Energy Monitor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedrich, S

    2008-08-11

    The total energy monitor (TE) is a thermal sensor that determines the total energy of each FEL pulse based on the temperature rise induced in a silicon wafer upon absorption of the FEL. The TE provides a destructive measurement of the FEL pulse energy in real-time on a pulse-by-pulse basis. As a thermal detector, the TE is expected to suffer least from ultra-fast non-linear effects and to be easy to calibrate. It will therefore primarily be used to cross-calibrate other detectors such as the Gas Detector or the Direct Imager during LCLS commissioning. This document describes the design of the TE and summarizes the considerations and calculations that have led to it. This document summarizes the physics behind the operation of the Total Energy Monitor at LCLS and derives associated engineering specifications.

  4. Considerations on National and Union Regulations of Work through a Temporary Employment Agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Constantina Nenu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The necessity to adapt the organizational structure of economic operators to the competitive European market requirements has imposed measures that have also influenced labor relations. The permanent and full-time employment relationship has been largely replaced by other types of more flexible labor relationships: temporary employment, part-time work. working from home and temporary assignment through an employment agency. All these types of work relationships are characterized by a decrease of guarantees for the employee and by a reduction of trade union power. Thus, they are considered atypical work relationships. The need to make the flexibility of labor relationships compatible with the protection of employees” rights has been a challenge that must be faced by social policies and also by labor law. In this context, the use of a temporary employment agent has been a tool for flexible working relationships both with the economic operators and within the labor market as a whole. The importane and role of this type of working relationship has, therefore, acquired significant legal, economic and social dimensions, which this study intends to analyze. In a European economy hit by the jobs crisis, reliance on work through a temporary employment agent can be a way to reduce unemployment. This happens only if the temporary workers benefit from legal protection and equal treatment as permanent employees.

  5. Association of temporary complete AV block and junctional ectopic tachycardia after surgery for congenital heart disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a postoperative complication with a mortality rate of up to 14% after surgery for congenital heart disease. This study evaluated the risk factors of JET and explored the association of postoperative temporary third degree atrioventricular (AV) block and the occurrence of JET. Data were collected retrospectively from 1158 patients who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease. The overall incidence of JET was 2.8%. Temporary third degree AV block occurred in 1.6% of cases. Permanent third degree AV block requiring pacemaker implantation occurred in 1% of cases. In all, 56% of patients with JET had temporary AV block (P < 0.001), whereas no case of postoperative JET was reported in patients with permanent AV block (P = 0.56). temporary third degree AV block did not suffer from JET. A correlation between temporary third degree AV block and postoperative JET could be observed. The risk factors identified for JET include younger age groups at the time of surgery, longer aortic cross clamping time and surgical procedures in proximity to the AV node

  6. The potential contribution to climate change mitigation from temporary carbon storage in biomaterials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Susanne Vedel; Hauschild, Michael Zwicky; Nielsen, Per H.

    2015-01-01

    While lasting mitigation solutions are needed to avoid climate change in the long term, temporary solutions may play a positive role in terms of avoiding certain climatic target levels, for preventing the crossing of critical and perhaps irreversible climatic tipping points. While the potential v...... the long-term climate change impacts given by the global warming potential which does not account for temporary aspects like benefits from non-permanent storage in terms of avoiding a critical climatic target level.......While lasting mitigation solutions are needed to avoid climate change in the long term, temporary solutions may play a positive role in terms of avoiding certain climatic target levels, for preventing the crossing of critical and perhaps irreversible climatic tipping points. While the potential...... value of temporary carbon storage in terms of climate change mitigation has been widely discussed, this has not yet been directly coupled to avoiding climatic target levels representing predicted climatic tipping points. This paper provides recommendations on how to model temporary carbon storage in...

  7. Temporary Fecal Diversion in the Management of Colorectal and Perianal Crohn’s Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Mennigen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the results of temporary fecal diversion in colorectal and perianal Crohn’s disease. Method. We retrospectively identified 29 consecutive patients (14 females, 15 males; median age: 30.0 years, range: 18–76 undergoing temporary fecal diversion for colorectal (n=14, ileal (n=4, and/or perianal Crohn’s disease (n=22. Follow-up was in median 33.0 (3–103 months. Response to fecal diversion, rate of stoma reversal, and relapse rate after stoma reversal were recorded. Results. The response to temporary fecal diversion was complete remission in 4/29 (13.8%, partial remission in 12/29 (41.4%, no change in 7/29 (24.1%, and progress in 6/29 (20.7%. Stoma reversal was performed in 19 out of 25 patients (76% available for follow-up. Of these, the majority (15/19, 78.9% needed further surgical therapies for a relapse of the same pathology previously leading to temporary fecal diversion, including colorectal resections (10/19, 52.6% and creation of a definitive stoma (7/19, 36.8%. At the end of follow-up, only 4/25 patients (16% had a stable course without the need for further definitive surgery. Conclusion. Temporary fecal diversion can induce remission in otherwise refractory colorectal or perianal Crohn’s disease, but the chance of enduring remission after stoma reversal is low.

  8. Development and evaluation of temporary placement and conveyance operation simulation system using augmented reality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When decommissioning a nuclear power plant, it is difficult to make an appropriate plan to ensure sufficient space for temporary placement and conveyance operations of dismantling targets. This paper describes a system to support temporary placement and conveyance operations using augmented reality (AR). The system employs a laser range scanner to measure the three-dimensional (3D) information of the environment and a dismantling target to produce 3D surface polygon models. Then, the operator simulates temporary placement and conveyance operations using the system by manipulating the obtained 3D model of the dismantling target in the work field. Referring to the obtained 3D model of the environment, a possible collision between the dismantling target and the environment is detectable. Using AR, the collision position is presented intuitively. After field workers evaluated this system, the authors concluded that the system is feasible and acceptable to verify whether spaces for passage and temporary storage are sufficient for temporary placement and conveyance operations. For practical use in the future, some new functions must be added to improve the system. For example, it must be possible for multiple workers to use the system simultaneously by sharing the view of dismantling work.

  9. Total Hip Prosthesis in Coxarthrosis due to Congenital Dislocation or Subluxation of the Hip

    OpenAIRE

    Aritamur, Ayhan; Cakmak, Mehmet; Taser, Omer

    2004-01-01

    At our clinic, total hip prostheses were adapted in 4 cases with coxarthrosis accompanied by severe acetabular insufficiency due to congenital hip dislocation or Subluxation. For the reconstruction of acetabuler insufficiency, femoral head was employed as graft in compliance with the Harris technique. This technique was realized on the patient in between two stages with the purpose of avoding femoral resection, yet temporary neurologic symptoms appeared posfoperatively in this case of ours. O...

  10. Island biogeography and landscape structure: Integrating ecological concepts in a landscape perspective of anthropogenic impacts in temporary wetlands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although our understanding of environmental risk assessment in temporary wetlands has been improved by the use of multi-species toxicity testing, we still know little of how landscape variables mediate the strength of, and recovery from, anthropogenic stress in such ecosystems. To bridge this research gap, we provide a theoretical framework of the response of temporary wetlands to anthropogenic disturbance along a habitat-isolation continuum based on island biogeography theory, landscape ecology and dispersal and colonization strategies of temporary wetland organisms. - Environmental risk assessment in temporary wetlands may benefit from consideration of island biogeography theory and landscape structure

  11. Analysis of efforts to maintain safe donor in main donor pool after completion of temporary deferral period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ripal Shah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Voluntary blood donation is not satisfactory all over India. In India, about 55% of donation is through voluntary non-remunerated blood donors (VNRBD. However, about one third already motivated blood donors are deferred due to stringent screening criteria, either temporarily or permanently. The temporarily deferred donors could be a good source of blood donation after deferral period. Aims: The present study is carried out to know retrieval of blood donors those who are deferred temporarily. Design: The present study is carried out in the Regional Blood Transfusion Centre of Western India. All donors screened as per the guideline and deferred donors are categorized as temporary and permanently deferred donors. Materials and Methods: From temporarily deferred donors, reason for deferral is considered. As per reason of deferral, time duration for recalling the donor is defined. Based on this, donor is called back to donate again. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test is applied. Result: A total of 33% donors were deferred either temporarily or permanently. In the repeat donors (5.32% deferral rate was significantly higher than first time (1.32% donors. Significant female preponderance was observed (15.05% vs 2.51%. Majority of temporarily deferred donors were less than 40 years of age (80.80%, graduate (82.90%, from low income group (62.90% and profession was service (48.10%. Conclusion: Low hemoglobin (78.30% was the most common reason of temporary deferral, both in first time and repeat donors (71.00%. Efforts to increase the hemoglobin in the repeat donors will improve the donor retention and overall blood safety can be increased.

  12. Driveline Infection Risk with Utilization of a Temporary External Anchoring Suture After Implantation of a Left Ventricular Assist Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fudim, Marat; Brown, Christopher L; Davis, Mary E; Djunaidi, Monica; Danter, Matthew R; Harrell, Frank E; Stulak, John M; Haglund, Nicholas A; Maltais, Simon

    2016-01-01

    Driveline infections (DLI) are a cause of morbidity after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation. Because driveline trauma contributes to DLI, we assessed whether intraoperative placement of a temporary external anchoring suture (EAS) influenced DLI rate. We analyzed 161 consecutive patients with CF-LVAD (HMII 82; HW 79) implantation. Two groups were defined: placement of EAS (n = 85) or No EAS (n = 76). For NO EAS patients, the driveline was permanently anchored internally to the rectus fascia. Cox proportional analysis was performed to assess the effect of EAS on time to first confirmed DLI. Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups (all p = 0.3). Mean follow-up time was 0.93 years. A total of 18 (11.1%) patients developed confirmed culture positive DLI, with "first infection" rate of 0.13 events/year. Mean time to confirmed DLI was 0.69 years. Driveline infection was less likely (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.28, 0.95 confidence interval [CI] = 0.06-1.25, p = 0.056) to occur in NO EAS (2/18) then in EAS (16/18). Confirmed DLI was comparable between device types (p = 0.3). Multivariable regression adjusted for age, BMI, blood product use, device type, and diabetes showed equivocal effect of EAS (HR = 0.33, 0.95 CI = 0.07-1.54, p = 0.12). Patients with a temporary EAS may have an increased risk of confirmed DLI after device implantation. PMID:26809083

  13. DIGITAL SIMULATION OF INSTALLATION AND TEMPORARY SUPPORT REMOVAL OF 2 800 TONS CANTILEVERED TRUSS%2800 t悬挑桁架安装和落架的数字化模拟分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田娥; 李毅

    2015-01-01

    悬挑桁架的高空安装和整体落架是工程施工中的重难点。工程地上部分的悬挑桁架总质量约2800余吨,悬挑长度约13 m,采用独立支撑架高空原位安装,总落架结构面积约10000 m2,有16部胎架参与落架。根据落架原则,结合现场整体施工进度,悬挑结构的落架方式为“分区、分级、等值”落架。根据主体结构的核心筒,将悬挑钢结构参与落架的16个落架点分成两个区,分批等值落架,每一级的落架量为10 mm。为准确模拟施工过程中构件的力学性能,使用有限元分析软件MIDAS-GEN,模拟分析悬挑桁架安装和落架施工的全过程。根据真实施工情况,利用多个落架荷载步模拟实际每一步落架工况,最后分析数字化落架结果,评价实际落架对主体结构的影响。数字化模拟分析中考虑了悬挑结构与支撑结构的相互作用,使计算更加接近实际。%The installation and temporary support removal of a cantilevered truss are the importance and difficulty in the construction of a steel structural project.Cantilevered truss of the project on the ground weighted about 2 800 tons, cantilevered length was about 13 meters,and the independent support upper air in situ installation was used. The total temporary support removal construction area was about 10 000 square meters, and 16 bed-jigs were used to do temporary support removal.According to temporary support removal principle, combined with field overall construction schedule, cantilevered structure temporary support removal way was “zoning, classification and equivalent” temporary support removal.According to the main structure of the core tube, the cantilevered steel structure involved in temporary support removal 16 temporary support removal points were divided into two zones, then equivalent and batch removals were done.The removal amount of each level was 10 mm.To accurately simulate the components

  14. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... AP ANATOMIC TOTAL SHOULDER SYSTEM METHODIST HOSPITAL PHILADELPHIA, PA April 17, 2008 00:00:10 ANNOUNCER: DePuy ... you don't make a bunch of small passes at the lesser tuberosity and make it a ...

  15. Total Synthesis of (-)-Cardiopetaline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, Yoshitake; Yokoshima, Satoshi; Fukuyama, Tohru

    2016-05-20

    The total synthesis of (-)-cardiopetaline, an aconitine-type natural product, has been accomplished. Our synthesis involved a Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement of a sulfonyloxirane that enabled, in a single step, the construction of the bicyclo[3.2.1] system in the aconitine skeleton and effective introduction of oxygen functional groups at the appropriate positions. PMID:27166640

  16. Supravaginal eller total hysterektomi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edvardsen, L; Madsen, E M

    1994-01-01

    There has been a decline in the rate of hysterectomies in Denmark in general over the last thirteen years, together with a rise in the number of supravaginal operations over the last two years. The literature concerning the relative merits of the supravaginal and the total abdominal operation is ...... indicate a reduced frequency of orgasm after the total hysterectomy compared with the supravaginal operation. When there are technical problems peroperatively with an increased urologic risk the supravaginal operation is recommended....... examined. It is concluded that the risk of developing carcinoma of the cervical stump is low, and no longer a weighty indication for the total in preference to the supravaginal hysterectomy as long as subsequent screening of the cervix is performed. At the same time it is important to inform the women......There has been a decline in the rate of hysterectomies in Denmark in general over the last thirteen years, together with a rise in the number of supravaginal operations over the last two years. The literature concerning the relative merits of the supravaginal and the total abdominal operation is...

  17. Total Cost of Ownership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, Frederik

    2007-01-01

    Total Cost of Ownership (TCO), som giver et bud på, hvordan virksomheder kan opnå en bedre indsigt i, hvilke leverandører der forårsager hvilke omkostninger og dermed danne et forbedret beslutningsgrundlag for besparelser i leverandørleddet. I artiklen argumenteres først og fremmest for, hvorfor TCO er...

  18. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to longevity of total shoulders versus hips and knees. 00:46:20 GERALD WILLIAMS, MD: Well, obviously, if you look at -- it depends upon who you put them in. First of all, the young-- the youngest patient population for joint replacement in the United States by far, by ...

  19. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Anatomic Total Shoulder surgery, which featured the latest innovation in shoulder surgery from DePuy Orthopedics. OR-Live makes it easy for you to learn more. Just click on the "Request Information" button on your webcast screen and open the door to informed medical care. 01:21: ...

  20. "Total Deposition (TDEP) Maps"

    Science.gov (United States)

    The presentation provides an update on the use of a hybrid methodology that relies on measured values from national monitoring networks and modeled values from CMAQ to produce of maps of total deposition for use in critical loads and other ecological assessments. Additionally, c...

  1. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... put totals in unless they're under the age of 50. But as the patient gets older, ... I'll give you an example: 26-year-old juvenile rheumatoid arthritic. You can pulse-irrigate that, ...

  2. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... advancing the standard of orthopedic patient care. In a few moments, you'll be able to watch a live global AP anatomic total shoulder surgery from Methodist Hospital in Philadelphia. A revolution in shoulder orthopedics, the Global AP gives ...

  3. Total versus subtotal hysterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimbel, Helga; Zobbe, Vibeke; Andersen, Anna Birthe; Gluud, Christian; Ottesen, Bent S; Tabor, Ann

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare total and subtotal abdominal hysterectomy for benign indications, with regard to urinary incontinence, postoperative complications, quality of life (SF-36), constipation, prolapse, satisfaction with sexual life, and pelvic pain at 1-year postoperative. Eighty...

  4. Anatomic Total Shoulder System

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... by almost ten years, is shoulders. So by definition, the average shoulder-replacement patient is almost ten ... Anatomic Total Shoulder surgery, which featured the latest innovation in shoulder surgery from DePuy Orthopedics. OR-Live ...

  5. Total Cross Sections

    OpenAIRE

    G. GiacomelliBologna University and INFN

    2014-01-01

    The measurements of the hadron-hadron total cross sections are the first measurements performed when a new hadron accelerator opens up a new energy region; the measurements were made as function of the incoming beam momentum or c.m. energy and have often been repeated with improved accuracy and finer energy spacing.

  6. CSF total protein

    Science.gov (United States)

    CSF total protein is a test to determine the amount of protein in your spinal fluid, also called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). ... The normal protein range varies from lab to lab, but is typically about 15 to 60 mg/dL. Note: mg/dL = ...

  7. Total 2004 annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annual report of the Group Total brings information and economic data on the following topics, for the year 2004: the corporate governance, the corporate social responsibility, the shareholder notebook, the management report, the activities, the upstream (exploration and production) and downstream (refining and marketing) operating, chemicals and other matters. (A.L.B.)

  8. Total Quality Management Seminar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massachusetts Career Development Inst., Springfield.

    This booklet is one of six texts from a workplace literacy curriculum designed to assist learners in facing the increased demands of the workplace. The booklet contains seven sections that cover the following topics: (1) meaning of total quality management (TQM); (2) the customer; (3) the organization's culture; (4) comparison of management…

  9. Total Quality Management Simplified.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, Pam

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that Total Quality Management (TQM) is one method that helps to monitor and improve the quality of child care. Lists four steps for a child-care center to design and implement its own TQM program. Suggests that quality assurance in child-care settings is an ongoing process, and that TQM programs help in providing consistent, high-quality…

  10. Effect of achalasia with temporary metal internal stent dilation on esophageal motility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the effect of achalasia with temporary metal internal stent dilation on esophageal motility. Methods: Twenty nine patients with achalasia were undertaken temporary metal internal stent placement under X-ray control (stents were of 20-25 mm in diameters). After stent dilation 3-7 days, the stents were removed by endoscopy. We measured the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) residual pressure and carried out 24 h pH value monitor on the patients, and only LES pressure with relaxation rate for 12 healthy subjects (HS). Results: LES residual pressure before stent dilation were markedly higher than that after stent dilation (P0.05). Conclusions: Temporary metal internal stent dilation shows LES pressure and higher rate of GER for achalasia

  11. Temporary deafness can impair multisensory integration: a study of cochlear-implant users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landry, Simon P; Guillemot, Jean-Paul; Champoux, François

    2013-07-01

    Previous investigations suggest that temporary deafness can have a dramatic impact on audiovisual speech processing. The aim of this study was to test whether temporary deafness disturbs other multisensory processes in adults. A nonspeech task involving an audiotactile illusion was administered to a group of normally hearing individuals and a group of individuals who had been temporarily auditorily deprived. Members of this latter group had their auditory detection thresholds restored to normal levels through the use of a cochlear implant. Control conditions revealed that auditory and tactile discrimination capabilities were identical in the two groups. However, whereas normally hearing individuals integrated auditory and tactile information, so that they experienced the audiotactile illusion, individuals who had been temporarily deprived did not. Given the basic nature of the task, failure to integrate multisensory information could not be explained by the use of the cochlear implant. Thus, the results suggest that normally anticipated audiotactile interactions are disturbed following temporary deafness. PMID:23722977

  12. Effect of temporary cements on the shear bond strength of luting cements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Fiori-Júnior

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, by shear bond strength (SBS testing, the influence of different types of temporary cements on the final cementation using conventional and self-etching resin-based luting cements. Material and Methods: Forty human teeth divided in two halves were assigned to 8 groups (n=10: I and V (no temporary cementation; II and VI: Ca(OH2-based cement; III and VII: zinc oxide (ZO-based cement; IV and VIII: ZO-eugenol (ZOE-based cement. Final cementation was done with RelyX ARC cement (groups I to IV and RelyX Unicem cement (groups V to VIII. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. RESULTS: Means were (MPa: I - 3.80 (±1.481; II - 5.24 (±2.297; III - 6.98 (±1.885; IV - 6.54 (±1.459; V - 5.22 (±2.465; VI - 4.48 (±1.705; VII - 6.29 (±2.280; VIII - 2.47 (±2.076. Comparison of the groups that had the same temporary cementation (Groups II and VI; III and VII; IV and VIII showed statistically significant difference (p0.05 for the different luting cements (RelyX TM ARC and RelyX TM Unicem. The groups that had no temporary cementation (Groups I and V did not differ significantly from each other either (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: When temporary cementation was done with ZO- or ZOE-based cements and final cementation was done with RelyX ARC, there was an increase in the SBS compared to the control. In the groups cemented with RelyX Unicem, however, the use of a ZOE-based temporary cement affected negatively the SBS of the luting agent used for final cementation.

  13. Total 2003 Results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the 2003 results of Total Group: consolidated account, special items, number of shares, market environment, 4. quarter 2003 results, full year 2003 results, upstream (key figures, proved reserves), downstream key figures, chemicals key figures, parent company accounts and proposed dividends, 2004 sensitivities, summary and outlook, operating information by segment for the 4. quarter and full year 2003: upstream (combined liquids and gas production by region, liquids production by region, gas production by region), downstream (refinery throughput by region, refined product sales by region, chemicals), impact of allocating contribution of Cepsa to net operating income by business segment: equity in income (loss) and affiliates and other items, Total financial statements: consolidated statement of income, consolidated balance sheet (assets, liabilities and shareholder's equity), consolidated statements of cash flows, business segments information. (J.S.)

  14. Temporary cooling system for critical loads during Recirculation Cooling Water (RCW) system outage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the Point Lepreau Refurbishment Project, Recirculation Cooling Water (RCW) system will be shutdown for maintenance activity. During the RCW outage, alternate cooling flow for critical heat loads such as Spent Fuel Bay (SFB), D2O vapour dryers and Instrument Air Compressor Coolers will be provided through a temporary cooling system to remove approximately 3MW of heat. This paper describes a practical strategy to build in the temporary cooling system for this project. Major equipment involved, piping modifications required and system reliability analysis are also addressed. (author)

  15. Temporary graft for closed-system cataract surgery during corneal triple procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardi, M; Giudice, V; Marabotti, A; Alfieri, E; Rizzo, S

    2001-08-01

    Performing phacoemulsification during a triple corneal procedure has many advantages. Operating in a closed chamber makes surgery easier and safer. In some cases, however, a dense corneal opacity may prevent closed-chamber surgery, necessitating the use of an open-sky technique. In these cases, a temporary corneal graft using a corneal button not suitable for penetrating keratoplasty is proposed to allow phacoemulsification and foldable intraocular lens implantation through a corneal tunnel. The temporary corneal graft is replaced with a permanent graft after these steps are completed. This technique was effective in 3 patients with cataract and dense corneal opacity. PMID:11524186

  16. The Impact of Education and Occupation on Temporary and Permanent Work Incapacity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Datta Gupta, Nabanita; Lau, Daniel; Pozzoli, Dario

    occupation by estimating a quasi-maximum-likelihood discrete factor model. Data on sickness absence and disability spells for the population of older workers come from the Danish administrative registers for 1998-2002. We generally find an independent role of both education and occupation on temporary work...... incapacity only. Having at least primary education reduces women's (men's) probability of temporary work incapacity by 16% (38%) while working in a physically demanding job increases it by 37% (26%). On the other hand, conditional on sickness absence, the effects of education and occupation on permanent work...

  17. Hiring Costs and Temporary Work Agencies. An explication of regional disparities across Spanish provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro García-del-Barrio

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Temporary Work Agencies (TWA industry experienced continuous growth throughout the 90s, and now represents around 15% of temporary hiring in Spain. More interestingly, are markable regional disparity in this sector exists across Spanish provinces. By developing a simple theoretical model and using panel data methodology, this article examines the Spanish caseand suggests that the costs of recruiting, training and screening could explain a large part of the regional disparity. This result is supported by the empirical fact that the TWA firms have greater success in markets with low unemployment rates, where the average duration of unemploymen tis longer, and in provinces with higher concentrations of urban population, respectively.

  18. A simplified method for the use of temporary lead shielding on piping systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents simplified criteria for determining the temporary lead shielding weight allowance on piping systems. This criteria covers both operating and non-operating piping systems of different seismic categories. The criteria presented provides an alternative to the costly case by case evaluation currently being performed by engineering personnel. Simplified tables are developed for use by maintenance personnel to reduce the time consuming Engineering/maintenance interface. Less conservative tables are also presented for use by Engineering personnel. The use of these tables can significantly reduce the amount of documentation and expedite the temporary lead shielding approval process

  19. Analysis of Temporary Cavity Produced by High Velocity Missile in Gelatin Blocks

    OpenAIRE

    Korać, Želimir; Kelenc, Dubravko; Mikulić, Danko; Hančević, Janko

    2000-01-01

    The effects of high velocity missiles (a Russian AK-74 assault rifle, 5.45 mm) in a tissue simulant • gelatin block were analyzed. The characteristics of temporary cavity were studied by the analysis of calibrated images of the missile path. The missile path through the block was visualized using a TV camera with an ultra-speed shutter. TV picture was calibrated before the shooting. Cross-section of the temporary cavity was measured as a function of distance from the missile entry point. The ...

  20. Total - annual report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annual report presents the activities and results of TOTAL S.A., french society on oil and gas. It deals with statistics, the managers, key information on financial data and risk factors, information on the Company, unresolved Staff Comments, employees, major Shareholders, consolidated statements, markets, security, financial risks, defaults dividend arrearages and delinquencies, controls and procedures, code of ethics and financial statements. (A.L.B.)

  1. Total Synthesis of Millingtonine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Patrick D; Lawrence, Andrew L

    2016-07-11

    Millingtonine is a glycosidic alkaloid that exists as a pair of pseudo-enantiomeric diastereomers. Consideration of the likely biosynthetic origins of this unusual natural product has resulted in the development of a seven-step total synthesis. Results from this synthetic work provide evidence in support of a proposed network of biosynthetic pathways that can account for the formation of several phenylethanoid natural products. PMID:27249628

  2. Total synthesis of teixobactin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Kang; Sam, Iek Hou; Po, Kathy Hiu Laam; Lin, Du'an; Ghazvini Zadeh, Ebrahim H; Chen, Sheng; Yuan, Yu; Li, Xuechen

    2016-01-01

    To cope with the global bacterial multidrug resistance, scientific communities have devoted significant efforts to develop novel antibiotics, particularly those with new modes of actions. Teixobactin, recently isolated from uncultured bacteria, is considered as a promising first-in-class drug candidate for clinical development. Herein, we report its total synthesis by a highly convergent Ser ligation approach and this strategy allows us to prepare several analogues of the natural product. PMID:27484680

  3. Total synthesis of ochnaflavone

    OpenAIRE

    Monica M. Ndoile; van Heerden, Fanie R

    2013-01-01

    The first total syntheses of ochnaflavone, an asymmetric biflavone consisting of apigenin and luteolin moieties, and the permethyl ether of 2,3,2'',3''-tetrahydroochnaflavone have been achieved. The key steps in the synthesis of ochnaflavone were the formation of a diaryl ether and ring cyclization of an ether-linked dimeric chalcone to assemble the two flavone nuclei. Optimal experimental conditions for the oxidative cyclization to form ochnaflavone were established.

  4. Total synthesis of ochnaflavone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica M. Ndoile

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The first total syntheses of ochnaflavone, an asymmetric biflavone consisting of apigenin and luteolin moieties, and the permethyl ether of 2,3,2'',3''-tetrahydroochnaflavone have been achieved. The key steps in the synthesis of ochnaflavone were the formation of a diaryl ether and ring cyclization of an ether-linked dimeric chalcone to assemble the two flavone nuclei. Optimal experimental conditions for the oxidative cyclization to form ochnaflavone were established.

  5. Boosting Total Relationship Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Aykut, Arslan

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the track of marketing, by referring to the literature, through the advancements in digitalized technological systems particularly Information Technologies (IT), the emergence of a more broadly educated and more discerning consumer with increasing discretionary spending and purchasing power, the adoption of Total Quality Management (TQM) as the biggest competitive issue of 1990s, the growth of the service economy, the increase of competitive intensity and its impact on cus...

  6. 77 FR 63813 - Tesoro High Plains Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Request for Temporary Waiver of Tariff Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... Waiver of Tariff Filing and Reporting Requirements On October 9, 2012 Tesoro High Plains Pipeline Company, LLC (THPP) filed a Request for a Temporary Waiver of Tariff Filing and Reporting Requirements. THPP requests that the Commission grant a temporary waiver from the tariff filing and reporting requirements...

  7. 26 CFR 1.904(g)-1T - Overall domestic loss and the overall domestic loss account (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... loss account (temporary). 1.904(g)-1T Section 1.904(g)-1T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... United States § 1.904(g)-1T Overall domestic loss and the overall domestic loss account (temporary). (a... accounts for purposes of section 904(g). Section 1.904(g)-2T provides rules for recapturing the balance...

  8. 10 CFR 51.23 - Temporary storage of spent fuel after cessation of reactor operation-generic determination of no...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary storage of spent fuel after cessation of reactor... Procedures § 51.23 Temporary storage of spent fuel after cessation of reactor operation—generic determination... revised or renewed license) of that reactor at its spent fuel storage basin or at either onsite or...

  9. 78 FR 78943 - Notice of Availability (NOA) of an Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Temporary Storage of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... of the Secretary Notice of Availability (NOA) of an Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Temporary... Agency, DoD. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of an Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Temporary...: The public comment period will end 30 days after publication of this NOA in the Federal...

  10. 78 FR 30914 - Grand River Dam Authority Notice of Application for Temporary Variance of License and Soliciting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... Variance of License and Soliciting Comments, Motions To Intervene and Protests Take notice that the... inspection: a. Application Type: Temporary variance of license. b. Project No.: 1494-416. c. Date Filed... of Request: Grand River Dam Authority (GRDA) requests a temporary variance, for the year 2013,...

  11. 26 CFR 1.404(k)-1T - Questions and answers relating to the deductibility of certain dividend distributions. (Temporary)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deductibility of certain dividend distributions. (Temporary) 1.404(k)-1T Section 1.404(k)-1T Internal Revenue... Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.404(k)-1T Questions and answers relating to the deductibility of certain dividend distributions. (Temporary) Q-1: What does section 404(k) provide? A-1:...

  12. 77 FR 17122 - Indiana Southern Railroad, LLC-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Norfolk Southern Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... Surface Transportation Board Indiana Southern Railroad, LLC--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--Norfolk Southern Railway Company Norfolk Southern Railway Company (NSR), pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement (Agreement), has agreed to grant overhead temporary trackage rights to Indiana Southern...

  13. 76 FR 50172 - Foreign-Trade Zone 26, Temporary/Interim Manufacturing Authority, Makita Corporation of America...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 26, Temporary/Interim Manufacturing Authority, Makita Corporation of America, Hand-Held Power Tool and Gasoline/ Electric-Powered Garden Product Manufacturing... temporary/interim manufacturing (T/IM) authority, on behalf of Makita Corporation of America, to...

  14. 77 FR 23222 - Foreign-Trade Zone 59, Temporary/Interim Manufacturing Authority, Novartis Consumer Health, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 59, Temporary/Interim Manufacturing Authority, Novartis Consumer Health, Inc., (Pharmaceutical Product Manufacturing); Notice of Approval On January 12, 2012, the... Foreign Trade Zone, Inc., grantee of FTZ 59, requesting temporary/interim manufacturing (T/IM)...

  15. 26 CFR 1.6045-2T - Furnishing statement required with respect to certain substitute payments (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Furnishing statement required with respect to certain substitute payments (temporary). 1.6045-2T Section 1.6045-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE... § 1.6045-2T Furnishing statement required with respect to certain substitute payments (temporary)....

  16. 78 FR 25213 - Temporary Rule To Extend the Increase of the Commercial Annual Catch Limit for South Atlantic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... Temporary Rule To Extend the Increase of the Commercial Annual Catch Limit for South Atlantic Yellowtail... temporary rule to extend the effectiveness of the increase of the commercial annual catch limit (ACL) for... yellowtail snapper is based on the best scientific information available and to help achieve optimum...

  17. 19 CFR 10.66 - Articles exported for temporary exhibition and returned; horses exported for horse racing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Articles exported for temporary exhibition and returned; horses exported for horse racing and returned; procedure on entry. 10.66 Section 10.66 Customs... Exhibition, Etc. § 10.66 Articles exported for temporary exhibition and returned; horses exported for...

  18. 76 FR 33406 - Lotus Cars Ltd. Receipt of Petition for Renewal of Temporary Exemption From the Advanced Air Bag...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Lotus Cars Ltd. Receipt of Petition for Renewal of Temporary... Cars Ltd. has petitioned the agency for renewal of a temporary exemption from certain advanced air bag... cars and light trucks, requiring what are commonly known as ``advanced air bags.'' \\2\\ The upgrade...

  19. 77 FR 5677 - Implementing Provisions of the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 Relating to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ... the Federal Register. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, January 18, 2012 [FR Doc. 2012... Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 Relating to the Keystone XL Pipeline Permit #0; #0; #0... Provisions of the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 Relating to the Keystone XL...

  20. Temporary Versus Permanent Group Membership : How the Future Prospects of Newcomers Affect Newcomer Acceptance and Newcomer Influence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rink, Floor A.; Ellemers, Naomi

    2009-01-01

    Three studies examine how the future prospects of new group members affect newcomer acceptance and newcomer influence. In Study 1, participants anticipate accepting temporary newcomers less easily than permanent newcomers because they expect temporary newcomers to differ from the group. In Study 2,

  1. Total Logistic Plant Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dusan Dorcak

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The Total Logistics Plant Solutions, plant logistics system - TLPS, based on the philosophy of advanced control processes enables complex coordination of business processes and flows and the management and scheduling of production in the appropriate production plans and planning periods. Main attributes of TLPS is to create a comprehensive, multi-level, enterprise logistics information system, with a certain degree of intelligence, which accepts the latest science and research results in the field of production technology and logistics. Logistic model of company understands as a system of mutually transforming flows of materials, energy, information, finance, which is realized by chain activities and operations

  2. Total Synthesis of Teixobactin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giltrap, Andrew M; Dowman, Luke J; Nagalingam, Gayathri; Ochoa, Jessica L; Linington, Roger G; Britton, Warwick J; Payne, Richard J

    2016-06-01

    The first total synthesis of the cyclic depsipeptide natural product teixobactin is described. Synthesis was achieved by solid-phase peptide synthesis, incorporating the unusual l-allo-enduracididine as a suitably protected synthetic cassette and employing a key on-resin esterification and solution-phase macrolactamization. The synthetic natural product was shown to possess potent antibacterial activity against a range of Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria, including a virulent strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). PMID:27191730

  3. Total quality accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrijašević Maja

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The focus of competitive "battle" shifted from the price towards non-price instruments, above all, towards quality that became the key variable for profitability increase and achievement of better comparative position of a company. Under such conditions, management of a company, which, according to the established and certified system of total quality, strives towards achieving of a better market position, faces the problem of quality cost measurement and determination. Management, above all, cost accounting can help in solving of this problem, but the question is how much of its potential is being used for that purpose.

  4. TOTAL annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 2003 annual report of the Group Total provides economical results and information of the society on the following topics: keys data, the corporate governance (Directors charter, board of directors, audit committee, nomination and remuneration committee, internal control procedures, compensation of directors and executive officers), the corporate social responsibility (environmental stewardship, the future of energy management, the safety enhancement, the human resources, ethics and local development), the investor relations, the management report, the upstream exploration and production, the downstream refining, marketing, trading and shipping, the chemicals and financial and legal information. (A.L.B.)

  5. Total Factbook 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the activities and results of the Group Total-Fina-Elf for the year 2003. It brings information and economic data on the following topics: the corporate and business; the upstream activities with the reserves, the costs, standardized measure and changes of discounted future net cash flow,oil and gas acreage, drilling, liquefied natural gas, pipelines; downstream activities with refining and marketing maps, refinery, petroleum products, sales, retail gasoline outlets; chemicals with sales and operating income by sector, major applications, base chemicals and polymers, intermediates and performance polymers. (A.L.B.)

  6. Total 2004 fact book

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the activities and results of the Group Total-Fina-Elf for the year 2004. It brings information and economic data on the following topics: the corporate and business; the upstream activities with the reserves, the costs, standardized measure and changes of discounted future net cash flow,oil and gas acreage, drilling, liquefied natural gas, pipelines; downstream activities with refining and marketing maps, refinery, petroleum products, sales, retail gasoline outlets; chemicals with sales and operating income by sector, major applications, base chemicals and polymers, intermediates and performance polymers. (A.L.B.)

  7. Total quality is people

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Confronted by changing market conditions and increased global competition, in 1983 the Commercial Nuclear Fuel Division (CNFD) of Westinghouse Electric embarked on an ambitious plan to make total quality the centerpiece of its long-term business strategy. Five years later, the division's efforts in making continuous quality improvement a way of life among its more than 2,000 employees gained national recognition when it was named a charter recipient of the Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award. What CNFD achieved during the 1980s was a cultural transformation, characterized by an empowered work force committed to a common vision. The company's quality program development strategy is described

  8. Immediate total tooth replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garber, D A; Salama, M A; Salama, H

    2001-03-01

    Successful implant placement at the time of extraction has been documented. Implant placement at the time of extraction was initially performed as a two-stage procedure often with barrier membranes and sophisticated second-stage surgical uncoverings. The authors describe the next generation of this technique, including atraumatic tooth removal with simultaneous root form, implant placement, and temporization at one appointment. This technique of "Immediate Total Tooth Replacement" allows for the maintenance of the bony housing and soft-tissue form that existed before extraction, while at the same time establishing a root form anchor in the bone for an esthetic restoration. PMID:11913258

  9. Total Synthesis of (-)-Daphenylline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Ryosuke; Adachi, Yohei; Yokoshima, Satoshi; Fukuyama, Tohru

    2016-05-10

    Total synthesis of (-)-daphenylline, a hexacyclic Daphniphyllum alkaloid, was achieved. Construction of the tricyclic DEF ring system was initiated by asymmetric Negishi coupling followed by an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts reaction. Installation of a side chain onto the tricyclic core was carried out through Sonogashira coupling, stereocontrolled Claisen rearrangement by taking advantage of the characteristic conformation of the tricyclic DEF core, and the stereoselective alkylation of a lactone. After the introduction of a glycine unit, the ABC ring system was stereoselectively constructed through intramolecular cycloaddition of the cyclic azomethine ylide. PMID:27062676

  10. 75 FR 61577 - Wage Methodology for the Temporary Non-Agricultural Employment H-2B Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... FR 9385, Feb. 28, 2002; 72 FR 2763, Jan. 23, 2007. Because employers seeking to participate in the H... Process for Temporary Employment in Occupations other than Agriculture or Registered Nursing in the United States (H-2B Workers),'' govern the H-2B labor certification process, as well as the enforcement...

  11. 29 CFR 778.327 - Temporary or sporadic reduction in schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... See Walling v. Green Head Bit & Supply Co., 138 F. 2d 453. The regular rate of pay of this employee... COMPENSATION Special Problems Reduction in Workweek Schedule with No Change in Pay § 778.327 Temporary or... overtime pay for the week are, during occasional weeks, cut back to 42 hours. If the employer raises...

  12. 26 CFR 1.904(g)-2T - Recapture of overall domestic losses (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...). 1.904(g)-2T Section 1.904(g)-2T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE....904(g)-2T Recapture of overall domestic losses (temporary). (a) In general. A taxpayer shall recapture... provided in § 1.904(g)-1T(f)(2), the balance in a taxpayer's overall domestic loss account with respect...

  13. 26 CFR 1.904(g)-0T - Outline of regulation provisions (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....904(g)-0T Section 1.904(g)-0T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Income from Sources Without the United States § 1.904(g)-0T Outline of regulation provisions (temporary). This section lists the headings for §§ 1.904(g)-1T through...

  14. 75 FR 26879 - Temporary Organization To Facilitate a Strategic Partnership With the Republic of Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    .... [FR Doc. 2010-11557 Filed 5-11-10; 11:15 am] Billing code 3195-W0-P ... Partnership With the Republic of Iraq By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the..., United States Code, a temporary organization to be known as the Iraq Strategic Partnership Office...

  15. Annual Treatment Operation Report of Radioactive Liquid Waste in Temporary Storage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU; Hong-ming; LIU; Fu-guo; WANG; Jian-xin; DU; Guang-fei; LI; Wei

    2013-01-01

    This project got the official reply formally in 2011.2013 was the second running year that to treat the radioactive liquid waste in the temporary storage.The main task was cement solidification and evaporation treatment of the radioactive wastewater.The task of each running node had completed

  16. 26 CFR 1.468A-4T - Treatment of nuclear decommissioning fund (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... date for such taxable year. (3) A nuclear decommissioning fund must provide its employer identification... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Treatment of nuclear decommissioning fund...-4T Treatment of nuclear decommissioning fund (temporary). (a) In general. A nuclear...

  17. 19 CFR 12.104f - Temporary disposition of materials and articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... 12.104f Section 12.104f Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Cultural Property § 12.104f Temporary... ethnological material, or any article of cultural property, has been imported into the U.S. in violation of...

  18. Vacuum with mesh is a feasible temporary closure device after fascial dehiscence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørsum-Meyer, Thomas; Skarbye, Mona; Jensen, Kenneth Højsgaard

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The open abdomen is a challenging condition and a temporary abdominal closure device is required in order to protect the intra-abdominal viscera. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a recent device: vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) after f...

  19. 77 FR 67023 - Notice of Temporary Closure on Public Lands in Mesa County, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... hours. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This temporary closure affects public lands burned in the Pine Ridge... necessary due to the severe intensity of the Pine Ridge Fire. The fire destroyed much of the natural.... The BLM spread a quick germinating, hybrid annual seed and plans to disperse native species seeds...

  20. Temporary restraining orders in the Netherlands: a qualitative examination of perpetrator and victim views

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.B. van Rooij; J. ten Haaf; A.P. Verhoeff

    2013-01-01

    In 2009, the Netherlands introduced a 10-day temporary restraining order (TRO) intended for adult perpetrators of domestic violence to defuse dangerous situations and to reduce recidivism by combining a legal action with social services. For this study, 18 victims and 10 perpetrators were interviewe

  1. 77 FR 37072 - Filing Location for Foreign Labor Certification Program Temporary Program Applications; Change of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... qualified to perform the work, and that the wage offered to the foreign worker(s) will not adversely impact... Employment and Training Administration Filing Location for Foreign Labor Certification Program Temporary..., Office of Foreign Labor Certification, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Room...

  2. Examining the Role of Perceived Leader Behavior on Temporary Employees' Organizational Commitment and Citizenship Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djibo, Idriss J. A.; Desiderio, Katie P.; Price, Noriece M.

    2010-01-01

    The attention given to the contingent segment of the workforce has significantly increased over the past decade. Investigative topics include the correlates of temporary employee work attitudes and behaviors. This study used a correlational design to examine leader behaviors outlined by the path-goal theory of leadership, as perceived by temporary…

  3. Few parasites, and no evidence for Wolbachia infections, in a freshwater ostracod inhabiting temporary ponds

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bruvo, Ružica; Adolfsson, S.; Symonová, R.; Lamatsch, D. K.; Schön, I.; Jokela, J.; Butlin, R. K.; Müller, S.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 102, č. 1 (2011), s. 208-216. ISSN 0024-4066 Grant ostatní: Marie Curie Research Training Network(XE) MRTN-CT-2004-512492 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : alphaproteobacteria * Cyprididae * maintenance of sex * microcrustaceans * parthenogenesis * Red Queen * temporary pools Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 2.193, year: 2011

  4. Training Is an Investment with Return in Temporary Workers: A Social Exchange Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambel, Maria Jose; Sobral, Filipa

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse whether a social exchange relationship between temporary workers and organizations is possible. The authors aim to consider whether, when training is perceived by an employee as an organizational practice that promotes his or her employability, this entails a social exchange relationship.…

  5. 75 FR 67093 - Iceberg Water Deviating From Identity Standard; Temporary Permit for Market Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ... introduces or causes the introduction of the test product into interstate commerce, but not later than...), Canada J3Z 1G4. This permit covers limited interstate marketing tests of products identified as ``GLACE... problems, and assess commercial feasibility. This permit provides for the temporary marketing of...

  6. Flow characterization temporary streams : using the model SIMGRO for the Evrotas basin, Greece

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vernooij, M.G.M.; Querner, E.P.; Jacobs, C.; Froebrich, J.

    2011-01-01

    Tools were developed to quantify space–time development of different flow phases on a river basin scale. Such information is needed for the WFD. The spatial development of temporary streams was investigated in the Evrotas basin, Greece. We used the regional hydrological model SIMGRO in a GIS framewo

  7. 78 FR 65690 - Extension of the Designation of Somalia for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ... not need to pay the fee for the Application for Temporary Protected Status (Form I-821). See 8 CFR 244... Service Center at 800-375-5283 (TTY 800-767-1833). Service is available in English and Spanish. Further... conditions resulting from armed conflict. See 56 FR 46804 (Sept. 16, 1991). The initial designation...

  8. 78 FR 1872 - Extension and Redesignation of Sudan for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    .../tps . If you are filing a re-registration, you do not need to pay the fee for the Application for... Service Center at 800-375-5283 (TTY 800-767-1833). Service is available in English and Spanish only... conflict and extraordinary and temporary conditions within that country. See 62 FR 59737; sections...

  9. 78 FR 20123 - Extension of the Designation of Honduras for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... an application for re-registration, you do not need to pay the fee for the Application for Temporary...). Service is available in English and Spanish. Further information will also be available at local USCIS..., specifically the devastation resulting from Hurricane Mitch. See 64 FR 524; section 244(b)(1)(B) of the INA,...

  10. 78 FR 20128 - Extension of the Designation of Nicaragua for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... do not need to pay the fee for the Application for Temporary Protected Status (Form I-821). See 8 CFR...). Service is available in English and Spanish. Further information will also be available at local USCIS... FR 526; section 244(b)(1)(B) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1254a(b)(1)(B). The Secretary last extended...

  11. 77 FR 65137 - Consideration of Environmental Impacts of Temporary Storage of Spent Fuel After Cessation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... Temporary Storage of Spent Fuel After Cessation of Reactor Operation AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...: http://www.nrc.gov/waste/spent-fuel-storage/wcd.html . The Web site will be periodically updated with... (NEPA) obligations with respect to post-licensed-life storage of spent nuclear fuel. Historically,...

  12. 75 FR 81031 - Consideration of Environmental Impacts of Temporary Storage of Spent Fuel After Cessation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... storage of spent fuel after cessation of reactor operations codified at 10 CFR 51.23(a) (73 FR 59547... Security of Commercial Storage, March 2005; (73 FR 46204; August 8, 2008); In the Matter of Private Fuel... Commission 10 CFR Part 51 Consideration of Environmental Impacts of Temporary Storage of Spent Fuel...

  13. 75 FR 5115 - Temporary Concession Contract for Lake Mead National Recreation Area, AZ/NV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ...Pursuant to 36 CFR 51.24, public notice is hereby given that the National Park Service intends to award a temporary concession contract for the conduct of certain visitor services within Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Arizona and Nevada for a term not to exceed 3 years. The visitor services include marina and boat rentals, overnight accommodations, food and beverage, retail, fuel, and......

  14. 76 FR 41240 - Agave Energy Company; Notice for Temporary Waiver of Filing and Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Agave Energy Company; Notice for Temporary Waiver of Filing and Reporting... Procedure, 18 CFR 385.202 (2011), Agave Energy Company (AEC) requests that the Commission grant a...

  15. 14 CFR 91.144 - Temporary restriction on flight operations during abnormally high barometric pressure conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary restriction on flight operations during abnormally high barometric pressure conditions. 91.144 Section 91.144 Aeronautics and Space... paragraph (a) of this section to permit emergency supply, transport, or medical services to be delivered...

  16. Does the Sector Experience Affect the Pay Gap for Temporary Agency Workers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jahn, Elke; Pozzoli, Dario

    It is a well-known fact that temporary agency workers have to accept high pay penalties. However, remarkably little is known about the remuneration of workers who are frequently employed in this sector or who are employed for a substantial length of time. Based on a rich administrative data set, ......-lasting scar....

  17. 77 FR 73632 - American Municipal Power, Inc; Notice of Application for Temporary Variance of License and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission American Municipal Power, Inc; Notice of Application for Temporary Variance of License and Soliciting Comments, Motions To Intervene, and Protests Take notice that the...

  18. 26 CFR 1.954-2T - Foreign personal holding company income (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Foreign personal holding company income... holding company income (temporary). (a) through (c)(2)(i) For further guidance see, § 1.954-2(a) through (c)(2)(i). (ii) Substantiality of foreign organization. For purposes of paragraph (c)(1)(iv) of...

  19. Root biomass and carbon storage in differently managed multispecies temporary grasslands

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Jørgen; Mortensen, Tine Bloch; Søegaard, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Species-rich grasslands may potentially increase carbon (C) storage in soil, and an experiment was established to investigate C storage in highly productive temporary multi-species grasslands. Plots were established with three mixtures: (1) a herb mixture containing salad burnet (Sanguisorba minor...

  20. 77 FR 73114 - BNSF Railway Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Union Pacific Railroad Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... document corrects a notice appearing in the Federal Register on December 3, 2012 (77 FR 71,680). FOR...: On December 3, 2012, the Federal Register published a notice at 77 FR 71,680 regarding Docket No. FD... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--Union...

  1. 75 FR 12329 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ... Surface Transportation Board Union Pacific Railroad Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--BNSF Railway Company AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION: Partial revocation of exemption... Railway Company (BNSF) to extend to December 18, 2010, the expiration date of the local trackage...

  2. 7 CFR 1435.314 - Temporary transfer of proportionate share due to disasters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary transfer of proportionate share due to disasters. 1435.314 Section 1435.314 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... disasters. (a) If, for reasons beyond the control of a producer on a farm, such producer is unable...

  3. USAGE OF PASTE FOR TEMPORARY PLACEMENT IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC APICAL PERIODONTITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.V. Borysenko

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Summary: The aim of the present investigation was usage of medicamental paste with antibacterial and regeneration action for temporary placement in the treatment of chronic apical periodontitis. Materials and method: The medicamental paste for temporary placement of root canals consists of a mixture of metronidazole, Enterosgel (Silm and Alflutop (Biotehnos S.A., Romania. Thë paste was used for the treatment of 30 teeth with chronic apical periodontitis. Final obturation of the root canals was performed with gutta percha cones and sealer. The efficiency of the treatment was appreciated after examination on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. Results: During the treatment of the 30 teeth, no exacerbations of the pathological process were recorded. Pain after obturation of the root canals was revealed in only 6 (20% of the treated teeth. No pain, pathologic changes of gingiva, good mastication efficiency in all teeth after treatment were revealed. Conclusions: The high clinical efficiency of the medicamental paste with antibacterial and regeneration action at the level of temporary root canals placement in the treatment of chronic apical periodontitis was shown. Keywords: chronic apical periodontitis, medicamental paste for temporary root canals placement, metronidazole, Enterosgel (Silm and Alflutop (Biotehnos S.A., Romania

  4. 75 FR 68607 - BP Canada Energy Marketing Corp. Apache Corporation; Notice for Temporary Waivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission BP Canada Energy Marketing Corp. Apache Corporation; Notice for Temporary Waivers November 1, 2010. Take notice that on October 29, 2010, BP Canada Energy Marketing Corp. and... the Web site that enables subscribers to receive email notification when a document is added to...

  5. 26 CFR 1.215-1T - Alimony, etc., payments (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Alimony, etc., payments (temporary). 1.215-1T Section 1.215-1T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Additional Itemized Deductions for Individuals § 1.215-1T Alimony,...

  6. Short- and long-term unemployment: How do temporary layoffs affect this distinction?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter; Svarer, Michael

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we provide new evidence on how to model unemployment durations in the presence of temporary layoffs. Two different types of econometric models are used: the multiple phase duration model and the competing risks model. Special attention is paid to the possibility of time-varying or...

  7. 77 FR 4758 - Foreign-Trade Zone 59-Lincoln, Nebraska, Application for Temporary/Interim Manufacturing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... Manufacturing Authority, Novartis Consumer Health, Inc. (Pharmaceutical Product Manufacturing), Lincoln, NE An... Lincoln Foreign-Trade Zone, Inc., grantee of FTZ 59, requesting temporary/interim manufacturing (T/ IM... request to the FTZ Board for FTZ manufacturing authority beyond a two-year period, which may...

  8. 8 CFR 244.5 - Temporary treatment benefits for eligible aliens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Temporary treatment benefits for eligible aliens. 244.5 Section 244.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION... for eligible aliens. (a) Prior to the registration period. Prior to the registration...

  9. 27 CFR 4.92 - Alternative names permitted for temporary use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Alternative names permitted for temporary use. 4.92 Section 4.92 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF WINE...

  10. Boron concentration evolution in the temporary curtains of a BWR reactor. Burcur code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theoretical model and the user's guide of the code Burcur is included. This code analyzes the burnable poison concentration of the temporary curtains as a function of time, for BWR reactors of the 7 x 7 design. The computing time being reasonably short, the number of burnup steps is as high as necessary.(author)

  11. 77 FR 36916 - Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... Information Technology Personnel AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), Office of the DoD Chief Information... for implementing a Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel, known as the Information Technology Exchange Program pilot. Pilot is envisioned to promote the...

  12. Successful Treatment of an Iatrogenic Tracheal Laceration With a Temporary Polyurethane-Coated Nitinol Stent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Benjamin E; Korst, Robert J

    2016-07-01

    We report the case of a 63-year-old woman who required emergent intubation after a choking episode at home. It resulted in a 5-cm tear in the membranous trachea. She was treated by placement of a temporary tracheal stent, which was successfully removed 3 months later. PMID:27343518

  13. The role of temporary involvement with appellation of origin in the purchase of wine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodríguez-Santos, Mª Carmen; Grunert, Klaus G

    Studying the involvement variable is key to explaining consumer behaviour. The aim of the current research is to analyse the effect that the individual’s temporary involvement with the appellation of origin has on the process of the decision to purchase agro-food products. It is proposed and...

  14. 77 FR 19026 - Designation of Syrian Arab Republic for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... percent, and the unemployment rate is in the range of 22 to 30 percent. The economy is estimated to have... SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services RIN 1615-ZB12 Designation of Syrian Arab Republic for Temporary Protected Status AGENCY: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, DHS. ACTION: Notice....

  15. 76 FR 46216 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR): Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances: Notice of Public Meeting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-02

    ... (GSA) published a notice in the Federal Register on July 20, 2011 (76 FR 43236), announcing a public..., 2011, in FR Doc. 2011-18305 (76 FR 43236), the following corrections are made: 1. On page 43237, in the... ADMINISTRATION 41 CFR Chapter 301 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR): Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances:...

  16. 40 CFR 1068.325 - What are the temporary exemptions for imported engines/equipment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the temporary exemptions for imported engines/equipment? 1068.325 Section 1068.325 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... engines. You may import an engine if another company already has a certificate of conformity and will...

  17. 26 CFR 1.444-0T - Table of contents (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Same taxable year exception. (1) In general. (2) Definition of tiered structure. (i) General rule. (ii... taxable year. (2) Special rule for entities retaining their 1986 taxable year. § 1.444-2TTiered structure (temporary). (a) General rule. (b) Definition of a member of a tiered structure. (1) In general. (2)...

  18. 77 FR 25865 - Amendment to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Exemption for Temporary Export of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... authorized only for temporary export is not returned to the United States, by definition it is a violation... the opinion that controlling the import and export of defense articles and services is a foreign.... Executive Order 12866 The Department is of the opinion that controlling the import and export of...

  19. 76 FR 35909 - Temporary Concession Contract for Big South Fork National Recreation Area, TN/KY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-20

    ... contract for Big South Fork National Recreation Area, TN/KY. SUMMARY: Pursuant to 36 CFR 51.24, public... National Park Service Temporary Concession Contract for Big South Fork National Recreation Area, TN/KY... contract for the conduct of certain visitor services within Big South Fork National Recreation...

  20. Strategies for Preventing and Resolving Temporary Fossilization in Second Language Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Manqiu; Xiao, Zhihong

    2010-01-01

    Based on the practice of college English teaching and learning in China, the paper reviews the phenomenon and causes of the temporary fossilization in second language acquisition and offers some corresponding strategies for preventing and surmounting the obstacles in the hope of promoting the reactivation of the next climax.

  1. 26 CFR 1.861-12T - Characterization rules and adjustments for certain assets (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (temporary). (a) In general. These rules are applicable to taxpayers in apportioning expenses under an asset... this section, stock in a corporation is taken into account in the application of the asset method... account the stock of any member in the application of the asset method. (2) Basis adjustment for stock...

  2. 78 FR 9010 - Dental Devices; Reclassification of Temporary Mandibular Condyle Prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... malignant and benign tumors (63 FR 71743). In 2009, FDA published an order for the submission of information on mandibular condyle prostheses indicated for temporary reconstruction (74 FR 16214; April 9, 2009..., 1993 (59 FR 65475; December 20, 1994). In response to a petition dated April 30, 1996...

  3. 78 FR 79308 - Dental Devices; Reclassification of Temporary Mandibular Condyle Prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... reclassify this device in the Federal Register of February 7, 2013 (78 FR 9010) (the 2013 proposed order... Temporary Mandibular Condyle Prosthesis AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final order... mandibular condyle prosthesis, a preamendments class III device, into class II (special controls), and...

  4. 75 FR 30900 - Fisker Automotive; Receipt of Application for Temporary Exemption From Advanced Air Bag...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... to Panoz, 72 FR 28759 (May 22, 2007), or grant of petition to Koenigsegg, 72 FR 17608 (April 9, 2007... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Fisker Automotive; Receipt of Application for Temporary... Protection. SUMMARY: In accordance with the procedures in 49 CFR part 555, Fisker Automotive Corporation...

  5. 26 CFR 54.4981A-1T - Tax on excess distributions and excess accumulations (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... same for all individuals. (b) Base for excise tax under grandfather rule. Although the portion of any... 26 Internal Revenue 17 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tax on excess distributions and excess... Tax on excess distributions and excess accumulations (temporary). The following questions and...

  6. 26 CFR 1.7519-0T - Table of contents (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES The Tax Court § 1.7519-0T Table of contents (temporary). This section... highest section rate. Base year. (4) Special rules for certain applicable election years. (i) First... year. (5) Net base year income. (i) In general. (ii) Partnership net income. (A) In general....

  7. 26 CFR 1.954-3T - Foreign base company sales income (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Controlled Foreign Corporations § 1.954-3T Foreign base... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Foreign base company sales income (temporary... similar establishment has substantially the same tax effect as if such branch or similar...

  8. Temporary threshold shifts from exposures to equal equivalent continuous A-weighted sound pressure level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ordoñez, Rodrigo Pizarro; Hammershøi, Dorte

    2014-01-01

    According to existing methods for the assessment of hearing damage, signals with the same A-weighted equivalent level should pose the same hazard to the auditory system. As a measure of hazard, it is assumed that Temporary Thresholds Shifts (TTS) reflect the onset of alterations to the hearing sy...

  9. 75 FR 67383 - Extension of the Designation of Somalia for Temporary Protected Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-02

    ... designation continue to be met. Armed conflict in Somalia is ongoing and, due to such conflict and other..., 1991, the Attorney General designated Somalia for TPS based on the ongoing armed conflict and extraordinary and temporary conditions within the country. 56 FR 46804. See section 244(a)(b)(1)(A) and (C)...

  10. 26 CFR 1.892-6T - Income of international organizations (temporary regulations).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Income of international organizations (temporary... International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288) (the provisions of which are set forth in paragraph..., exemptions, and immunities provided in the International Organizations Immunities Act may enjoy the...

  11. 26 CFR 1.61-2T - Taxation of fringe benefits-1985 through 1988 (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxation of fringe benefits-1985 through 1988..., and Taxable Income § 1.61-2T Taxation of fringe benefits—1985 through 1988 (temporary). (a) Fringe... concerning the application of law in effect prior to January 1, 1985. (b) Valuation of fringe benefits—(1)...

  12. 26 CFR 1.181-3T - Qualified film or television production (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... season of programming. (3) Exception for certain sexually explicit productions. A production does not... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Qualified film or television production... (continued) § 1.181-3T Qualified film or television production (temporary). (a) In general. The...

  13. 26 CFR 1.926(a)-1T - Temporary regulations; distributions to shareholders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... shareholders. 1.926(a)-1T Section 1.926(a)-1T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...(a)-1T Temporary regulations; distributions to shareholders. (a) Treatment of distributions. Any distribution by a FSC (or former FSC) to its shareholder with respect to its stock will be includible in...

  14. 75 FR 72660 - Extension of Temporary Exemptions for Eligible Credit Default Swaps To Facilitate Operation of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ...We are extending the expiration dates in our temporary rules that provide exemptions under the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 for certain credit default swaps in order to continue facilitating the operation of one or more central counterparties for those credit default swaps until the implementation of the clearing provisions of......

  15. Management of post midface distraction occlusal discrepancy using temporary anchorage devices in a cleft patient

    OpenAIRE

    Koteswara Prasad, N. K.; Syed Altaf Hussain; Chitharanjan, Arun B; Jyotsna Murthy

    2015-01-01

    Open bite deformity following a successful midface advancement by distraction osteogenesis is a common complication. Temporary anchorage devices can be deployed during the distraction and post-distraction settling phases for restoring the occlusion even in severe cases. The following report describes the management of severe anterior open bite following maxillary distraction.

  16. TEMPORARY CAPTURE OF PLANETESIMALS BY A PLANET FROM THEIR HELIOCENTRIC ORBITS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suetsugu, Ryo; Ohtsuki, Keiji [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Tanigawa, Takayuki, E-mail: ryo3088@stu.kobe-u.ac.jp [Center for Planetary Science, Kobe University, Kobe 650-0047 (Japan)

    2011-12-15

    When planetesimals encounter a planet, they can be temporarily captured by the planet's gravity and orbit about it for an extended period of time before escaping from the planet's vicinity. Such a process may have played an important role in the origin of irregular satellites or the dynamical evolution of short-period comets. Using three-body orbital integration, we study the temporary capture of planetesimals by a planet from their heliocentric eccentric orbits. We examine the dependence of the orbital characteristics during temporary capture as well as the rate of capture on the pre-capture heliocentric orbital parameters. We find that typical orbital size and direction of revolution around the planet change depending on planetesimals' initial eccentricity and energy. When initial eccentricity is so small that Kepler shear dominates the relative velocity between planetesimals and the planet, temporary capture typically occurs in the retrograde direction in the vicinity of the planet's Hill sphere, while large retrograde capture orbits outside the Hill sphere are predominant for large eccentricities. Long prograde capture occurs in a very narrow range of planetesimal eccentricity and energy. We obtain the rate of temporary capture of planetesimals and find that the rate of long capture increases with increasing eccentricity at low and high eccentricities, but decreases with increasing eccentricity in intermediate values of eccentricity. We also examine the dependence of capture rate on the duration of capture and find an approximate power-law dependence.

  17. 76 FR 44055 - BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP, et al.; Notice of Application and Temporary Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... COMMISSION BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP, et al.; Notice of Application and Temporary Order July 18, 2011... Act, with respect to an injunction entered against BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP (``HLS'') on May 31... (``BAC''). HLS is an entity that services mortgage loans and provides mortgage services,...

  18. 26 CFR 1.195-1T - Election to amortize start-up expenditures (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Election to amortize start-up expenditures (temporary). 1.195-1T Section 1.195-1T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations (continued) § 1.195-1T Election to...

  19. Source-Sink Colonization as a Possible Strategy of Insects Living in Temporary Habitats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frouz, Jan; Kindlmann, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    Continuous colonization and re-colonization is critical for survival of insect species living in temporary habitats. When insect populations in temporary habitats are depleted, some species may escape extinction by surviving in permanent, but less suitable habitats, in which long-term population survival can be maintained only by immigration from other populations. Such situation has been repeatedly described in nature, but conditions when and how this occurs and how important this phenomenon is for insect metapopulation survival are still poorly known, mainly because it is difficult to study experimentally. Therefore, we used a simulation model to investigate, how environmental stochasticity, growth rate and the incidence of dispersal affect the positive effect of permanent but poor ("sink") habitats on the likelihood of metapopulation persistence in a network of high quality but temporary ("source") habitats. This model revealed that permanent habitats substantially increase the probability of metapopulation persistence of insect species with poor dispersal ability if the availability of temporary habitats is spatio-temporally synchronized. Addition of permanent habitats to a system sometimes enabled metapopulation persistence even in cases in which the metapopulation would otherwise go extinct, especially for species with high growth rates. For insect species with low growth rates the probability of a metapopulation persistence strongly depended on the proportions of "source" to "source" and "sink" to "source" dispersal rates. PMID:26047010

  20. 19 CFR 122.188 - Issuance of temporary Customs access seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of temporary Customs access seal. 122.188 Section 122.188 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Access to Customs Security Areas § 122.188 Issuance...

  1. Assessment of the effects of the dry period on the faunal composition of aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages in two temporary ponds in NW Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amaia Pérez-Bilbao

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Temporary ponds are habitats that undergo periods of drying and flooding. They have been neglected for many years and changes produced by climatic change will greatly affect them. Thus, nowadays they constitute an endangered ecosystem due to their characteristics and to human pressures. These habitats support a high biological richness with species adapted to extreme conditions. Assuming that hydroperiod is the main factor structuring aquatic assemblages in this type of ecosystem, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of the dry period on the faunal composition and the natural succession process of macroinvertebrate assemblages in two temporary ponds and to analyze the differences between two periods, before and after the dry period. A total of 7225 individuals belonging to 93 macroinvertebrate taxa (Nematoda, Hirudinea, Oligochaeta, Mollusca, Crustacea, Acari, Insecta were collected. The most abundant and richest group were insects. Cluster and Non-Metric Multi-Dimensional Scaling (NMDS analyses showed the clustering of the samples in two groups, before and after the dry period, as we had expected. Thus, there was a change in faunal composition in both ponds, corresponding to a successional process. According to the SIMPER analysis, the most contributive taxa in both ponds were mostly insects and crustaceans. Regarding feeding traits, predators and shredders were the dominant groups. However, there was a change in the trophic structure of the assemblages between the two periods. Most taxa resist the drying season with resting eggs, cocoons or simply by flying to more permanent freshwater bodies. Although the two studied ponds are temporary habitats, they support a different faunal composition hosting species that are endemic or rare at regional or national level. 

  2. Research on Post-disaster Temporary Housing Allocation Model based on Multi-objective Optimization%灾后临时住房配置的多目标优化模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛晶; 张鹏

    2016-01-01

    自然灾害后应急管理部门需要为无家可归的灾民提供合适的临时住房。尽管灾害影响评估软件及系统能帮助应急决策人员估计自然灾害后预期的无家可归的家庭数量,但是它们不能辨识最优的灾后临时住房。该文首先从灾民的就业和教育机会、分配的临时住房和灾民偏好住房间的距离、临时住房的质量和交付时间、临时住房的安全性、临时住房接近公共服务设施的程度和总公共支出六个方面归纳了灾后临时住房优选的指标,并给出了各项指标的评价标准;然后以社会经济破坏最小和总公共支出最小为优化目标,建立了灾后临时住房的多目标优化模型;最后应用实例验证了模型的适用性和可行性。%In the aftermath of natural disasters,Emergency management agencies need to provide adequate temporary housing for displaced families.Disaster impact assessment software systems enable emergency decision-makers to estimate the expected displacement of families after natural disasters;however they lack the capability of identifying the optimal temporary housing.Firstly,six optimization metrics,including employment and educational opportunities,distance between the assigned temporary housing locations and preferred temporary housing locations by displaced families,housing quality and delivery time,housing safety,accessibility of essential utilities and services,and total public expenditures are selected and their measurement standards aredefinedin the paper.Sec-ondly,minimizing socioeconomic disruption and minimizing total public expenditures are designed to be the main objectives.Finally,a multi-objective optimization model for temporary housingis presented.An application example is optimized to illustrate the use of the modeland demonstrate its capabilities in generating optimal plans for realistic temporary housing problems.

  3. Total synthesis of atropurpuran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Jing; Chen, Huan; Liu, Xiao-Yu; Wang, Zhi-Xiu; Nie, Wei; Qin, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Due to their architectural intricacy and biological significance, the synthesis of polycyclic diterpenes and their biogenetically related alkaloids have been the subject of considerable interest over the last few decades, with progress including the impressive synthesis of several elusive targets. Despite tremendous efforts, conquering the unique structural types of this large natural product family remains a long-term challenge. The arcutane diterpenes and related alkaloids, bearing a congested tetracyclo[5.3.3.0(4,9).0(4,12)]tridecane unit, are included in these unsolved enigmas. Here we report a concise approach to the construction of the core structure of these molecules and the first total synthesis of (±)-atropurpuran. Pivotal features of the synthesis include an oxidative dearomatization/intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloaddition cascade, sequential aldol and ketyl-olefin cyclizations to assemble the highly caged framework, and a chemoselective and stereoselective reduction to install the requisite allylic hydroxyl group in the target molecule. PMID:27387707

  4. Total organic carbon analyzer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godec, Richard G.; Kosenka, Paul P.; Smith, Brian D.; Hutte, Richard S.; Webb, Johanna V.; Sauer, Richard L.

    1991-01-01

    The development and testing of a breadboard version of a highly sensitive total-organic-carbon (TOC) analyzer are reported. Attention is given to the system components including the CO2 sensor, oxidation reactor, acidification module, and the sample-inlet system. Research is reported for an experimental reagentless oxidation reactor, and good results are reported for linearity, sensitivity, and selectivity in the CO2 sensor. The TOC analyzer is developed with gravity-independent components and is designed for minimal additions of chemical reagents. The reagentless oxidation reactor is based on electrolysis and UV photolysis and is shown to be potentially useful. The stability of the breadboard instrument is shown to be good on a day-to-day basis, and the analyzer is capable of 5 sample analyses per day for a period of about 80 days. The instrument can provide accurate TOC and TIC measurements over a concentration range of 20 ppb to 50 ppm C.

  5. Total ankle joint replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Ankle arthritis results in a stiff and painful ankle and can be a major cause of disability. For people with end-stage ankle arthritis, arthrodesis (ankle fusion) is effective at reducing pain in the shorter term, but results in a fixed joint, and over time the loss of mobility places stress on other joints in the foot that may lead to arthritis, pain and dysfunction. Another option is to perform a total ankle joint replacement, with the aim of giving the patient a mobile and pain-free ankle. In this article we review the efficacy of this procedure, including how it compares to ankle arthrodesis, and consider the indications and complications. PMID:26868932

  6. Total quality at source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Total Quality at Source philosophy is based on optimizing the effectiveness of people in achieving ZERO-DEFECT results. In this paper a philosophy of what, I have come to perceive, it takes to get people to perform to the very best of their abilities and thereby achieve the best results they can, is presented. In the examples I shall describe I have played an instrumental role since it has become my belief that any job can always be done better provided that the people doing it can themselves become convinced that they can do better. Clearly there are many ideas on how to do this. The philosophy that I am presenting in this paper is based on my own experience, where I have both participated and observed it being applied; its effectiveness may be judged by the results. (author)

  7. Total Integrative Evolutionary Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nedergaard Thomsen, Ole; Brier, Søren

    2014-01-01

    and, on the other, Peircean biosemiotics. According to Cybersemiotics, language is primarily a creative process of total integrative evolutionary communication. It comprises three evolutionary stages: (1) biological reflexive languaging (the reflexive foundation of social coordination), (2......). In this inclusive hierarchy language games subsume the other stages, and thus human evolutionary communication is primarily a symbolic-conventional practice. It is intertwined with the practice of living, that is, with different life forms, including other forms of semiotic behavior. Together they form a coherent...... biological and socio-cultural practice. The basic “molecule” of the cybersemiotic model of human communication is a dyad between two linguistic cyborgs, alias natural language users. Single human communicators are thus “atoms”. They are hybrids between nature and nurture, manipulating all sorts...

  8. Immediate loading with temporary implant in immediate partial edentulous implant%临时种植体即刻负载在半颌即刻种植中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘治慧; José Luis Calvo-Guirado

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价临时种植体即刻负载在半颌即刻种植中的应用效果。方法:20例半颌即刻种植患者行136枚即刻种植体植入,采用95枚临时种植体即刻负载恢复患者牙列。3-6月后行固定修复。结果:即刻负载临时种植体和即刻种植体成功率达100%。结论:临时种植体即刻负载半颌即刻种植是很好的临床方法。%Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of immediate functional loading with temporary implant in immediate partial edentulous implant. Methods: 20 patients scheduled for tooth extraction and 136 immediate implants placement in total maxilla or total mandible were included in the study. All patients received a full-arch prosthetic reconstruction with 95 temporary implants. After a 3-6month period of healing, implants were restored with fixed prostheses. Results: No implant failed up to 6 months after insertion, resulting in a 100% survival rate. Conclusion: Immediate loading with temporary implant exhibited high success rate in partial edentulous for up to 6 months.

  9. Immediate loading with temporary implant in immediate partial edentulous implant%临时种植体即刻负载在半颌即刻种植中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘治慧; José Luis Calvo-Guirado

    2014-01-01

    Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of immediate functional loading with temporary implant in immediate partial edentulous implant. Methods: 20 patients scheduled for tooth extraction and 136 immediate implants placement in total maxilla or total mandible were included in the study. All patients received a full-arch prosthetic reconstruction with 95 temporary implants. After a 3-6month period of healing, implants were restored with fixed prostheses. Results: No implant failed up to 6 months after insertion, resulting in a 100% survival rate. Conclusion: Immediate loading with temporary implant exhibited high success rate in partial edentulous for up to 6 months.%目的:评价临时种植体即刻负载在半颌即刻种植中的应用效果。方法:20例半颌即刻种植患者行136枚即刻种植体植入,采用95枚临时种植体即刻负载恢复患者牙列。3-6月后行固定修复。结果:即刻负载临时种植体和即刻种植体成功率达100%。结论:临时种植体即刻负载半颌即刻种植是很好的临床方法。

  10. A biological tool to assess flow connectivity in reference temporary streams from the Mediterranean Basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cid, N; Verkaik, I; García-Roger, E M; Rieradevall, M; Bonada, N; Sánchez-Montoya, M M; Gómez, R; Suárez, M L; Vidal-Abarca, M R; Demartini, D; Buffagni, A; Erba, S; Karaouzas, I; Skoulikidis, N; Prat, N

    2016-01-01

    Many streams in the Mediterranean Basin have temporary flow regimes. While timing for seasonal drought is predictable, they undergo strong inter-annual variability in flow intensity. This high hydrological variability and associated ecological responses challenge the ecological status assessment of temporary streams, particularly when setting reference conditions. This study examined the effects of flow connectivity in aquatic macroinvertebrates from seven reference temporary streams across the Mediterranean Basin where hydrological variability and flow conditions are well studied. We tested for the effect of flow cessation on two streamflow indices and on community composition, and, by performing random forest and classification tree analyses we identified important biological predictors for classifying the aquatic state either as flowing or disconnected pools. Flow cessation was critical for one of the streamflow indices studied and for community composition. Macroinvertebrate families found to be important for classifying the aquatic state were Hydrophilidae, Simuliidae, Hydropsychidae, Planorbiidae, Heptageniidae and Gerridae. For biological traits, trait categories associated to feeding habits, food, locomotion and substrate relation were the most important and provided more accurate predictions compared to taxonomy. A combination of selected metrics and associated thresholds based on the most important biological predictors (i.e. Bio-AS Tool) were proposed in order to assess the aquatic state in reference temporary streams, especially in the absence of hydrological data. Although further development is needed, the tool can be of particular interest for monitoring, restoration, and conservation purposes, representing an important step towards an adequate management of temporary rivers not only in the Mediterranean Basin but also in other regions vulnerable to the effects of climate change. PMID:26209067

  11. Total disc replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vital, J-M; Boissière, L

    2014-02-01

    Total disc replacement (TDR) (partial disc replacement will not be described) has been used in the lumbar spine since the 1980s, and more recently in the cervical spine. Although the biomechanical concepts are the same and both are inserted through an anterior approach, lumbar TDR is conventionally indicated for chronic low back pain, whereas cervical TDR is used for soft discal hernia resulting in cervicobrachial neuralgia. The insertion technique must be rigorous, with precise centering in the disc space, taking account of vascular anatomy, which is more complex in the lumbar region, particularly proximally to L5-S1. All of the numerous studies, including prospective randomized comparative trials, have demonstrated non-inferiority to fusion, or even short-term superiority regarding speed of improvement. The main implant-related complication is bridging heterotopic ossification with resulting loss of range of motion and increased rates of adjacent segment degeneration, although with an incidence lower than after arthrodesis. A sufficiently long follow-up, which has not yet been reached, will be necessary to establish definitively an advantage for TDR, particularly in the cervical spine. PMID:24412045

  12. Total process surveillance (TOPS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Understanding the current operating behaviour of a process or power plant is the key to maximizing the efficiency and safety of operation and the quality of the product. Early detection of plant component or sensor degradation and failure improves operating safety, product quality and plant availability. This paper describes the design and development of a Total Process Surveillance system which assimilates all the sensor information available on a plant to provide the operators with a succinct report on the status of the plant behaviour. The heart of the system is a robust model-based observer which can estimate internal plant states, and provides a residual signal with powerful fault detection and isolation features. Several results are presented which illustrate the performance of the system in detecting and isolating multiple fault scenarios in a fast reactor plant. A structure for the practical implementation of the system is described, and comments are given on its contribution to the final experimental work planned for AEA Technology's Prototype Fast Reactor (PFR). (Author)

  13. A comparison of the temporary placement of 3 different self-expanding stents for the treatment of refractory benign esophageal strictures: a prospective multicentre study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canena Jorge Manuel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Refractory benign esophageal strictures (RBESs have been treated with the temporary placement of different self-expanding stents with conflicting results. We compared the clinical effectiveness of 3 types of stents: self-expanding plastic stents (SEPSs, biodegradable stents, and fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMSs, for the treatment of RBES. Methods This study prospectively evaluated 3 groups of 30 consecutive patients with RBESs who underwent temporary placement of either SEPSs (12 weeks, n = 10, biodegradable stents (n = 10 or FCSEMSs (12 weeks, n = 10. Data were collected to analyze the technical success and clinical outcome of the stents as evaluated by recurrent dysphagia, complications and reinterventions. Results Stent implantation was technically successful in all patients. Migration occurred in 11 patients: 6 (60% in the SEPS group, 2 (20% in the biodegradable group and 3 (30% in the FCSEMS group (P = 0.16. A total of 8/30 patients (26.6% were dysphagia-free after the end of follow-up: 1 (10% in the SEPS group, 3 (30% in the biodegradable group and 4 (40% in the FCSEMS group (P = 0.27. More reinterventions were required in the SEPS group (n = 24 than in the biodegradable group (n = 13 or the FCSEMS group (n = 13 (P = 0.24. Multivariate analysis showed that stricture length was significantly associated with higher recurrence rates after temporary stent placement (HR = 1.37; 95% CI = 1.08-1.75; P = 0.011. Conclusions Temporary placement of a biodegradable stent or of a FCSEMS in patients with RBES may lead to long-term relief of dysphagia in 30 and 40% of patients, respectively. The use of SEPSs seems least preferable, as they are associated with frequent stent migration, more reinterventions and few cases of long-term improvement. Additionally, longer strictures were associated with a higher risk of recurrence.

  14. Total quality management

    OpenAIRE

    Цветкова, Наталья

    1993-01-01

    В статье рассматриваются пути улучшения качества образования вообще и лингвистического образования в частности посредством использования системы качества Total Quality Management. Охарактеризованы ее четыре этапа - планирование, управление, обеспечение и улучшение. Анализируются основные направления использования системы качества в обучении иностранному языку....

  15. Proposal for the award of three contracts for the provision of temporary labour on the Swiss part of the CERN site

    CERN Document Server

    2002-01-01

    This document concerns the award of three contracts for the provision of temporary labour on the Swiss part of the CERN site. Following a market survey carried out among 71 firms in thirteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2875/HR) was sent on 11 July 2001 to nine firms and six consortia, one consisting of three firms, five consisting of two firms, in eight Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received 12 tenders from eight firms and four consortia in five Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of three contracts for the provision of temporary labour on the Swiss part of the CERN site with CONSULTOR (PL), ADECCO (CH) and FLEX-FORCE (CH)/TEMP-TEAM (NO). The total maximum amount for all three contracts is, for an initial period of three years starting 1 July 2002, 5 500 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision for inflation from 1 January 2003. The contracts will include an option for two further one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The firms ...

  16. Coronal microleakage with five different temporary restorative materials following walking bleach technique: An ex-vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. P. V Srikumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Walking bleach technique uses 30% hydrogen peroxide and sodium perborate, and this paste mixture causes loosening of the coronal temporary restorative materials and thus decreasing its clinical effectiveness and causing irritation to the patients oral tissues. In the present study, sealing ability of hygroscopic coronal temporary restorative materials were compared with the other commonly used temporary restorative materials. Aim: To evaluate the effects of walking bleach material on the marginal sealing ability and coronal microleakage of the hydrophilic temporary restorative materials with that of the other commonly used temporary restorative materials in endodontic practice. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five extracted human maxillary central incisor teeth were prepared chemo-mechanically and obturated with gutta-percha in lateral condensation technique. Surface of each tooth was double coated with cyanoacrylate glue. All the teeth were randomly divided in to five groups. Out of 15 teeth in each group, 10 teeth served as experimental specimens, in which bleaching agent was placed in the pulp chamber and 5 teeth served as control, in which no bleaching agent was placed. The access cavities were restored with temporary restorative materials being tested per each group respectively. The specimens were then immersed in 1% India ink dye and subjected to thermo cycling for 7 days. All the teeth were longitudinally sectioned and observed with stereomicroscope and were graded according to the depth of linear dye penetration. Statistical Analysis Used: Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Hydrophilic temporary restorative materials Cavit G and Coltosol F have shown minimal coronal dye leakage with better sealing ability when exposed to walking bleach paste mixture in the dye penetration tests compared to other commonly used temporary restorative materials. Conclusion: Marginal sealing ability of Cavit G and Coltosol F were

  17. Validating alternative methodologies to estimate the hydrological regime of temporary streams when flow data are unavailable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorens, Pilar; Gallart, Francesc; Latron, Jérôme; Cid, Núria; Rieradevall, Maria; Prat, Narcís

    2016-04-01

    Aquatic life in temporary streams is strongly conditioned by the temporal variability of the hydrological conditions that control the occurrence and connectivity of diverse mesohabitats. In this context, the software TREHS (Temporary Rivers' Ecological and Hydrological Status) has been developed, in the framework of the LIFE Trivers project, to help managers for adequately implement the Water Framework Directive in this type of water bodies. TREHS, using the methodology described in Gallart et al (2012), defines six temporal 'aquatic states', based on the hydrological conditions representing different mesohabitats, for a given reach at a particular moment. Nevertheless, hydrological data for assessing the regime of temporary streams are often non-existent or scarce. The scarcity of flow data makes frequently impossible the characterization of temporary streams hydrological regimes and, as a consequence, the selection of the correct periods and methods to determine their ecological status. Because of its qualitative nature, the TREHS approach allows the use of alternative methodologies to assess the regime of temporary streams in the lack of observed flow data. However, to adapt the TREHS to this qualitative data both the temporal scheme (from monthly to seasonal) as well as the number of aquatic states (from 6 to 3) have been modified. Two alternatives complementary methodologies were tested within the TREHS framework to assess the regime of temporary streams: interviews and aerial photographs. All the gauging stations (13) belonging to the Catalan Internal Catchments (NE, Spain) with recurrent zero flows periods were selected to validate both methodologies. On one hand, non-structured interviews were carried out to inhabitants of villages and small towns near the gauging stations. Flow permanence metrics for input into TREHS were drawn from the notes taken during the interviews. On the other hand, the historical series of available aerial photographs (typically 10

  18. Comparison of fracture loads of CAD/CAM and conventionally fabricated temporary fixed dental prostheses after different aging regimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelhoff, Daniel; Schraml, Daniela; Eichberger, Marlis; Stawarczyk, Bogna

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluated the fracture loads of different threeunit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) for temporary restorations. In total, three CAD/CAM materials (VITA CADTemp [CT], Telio CAD [TC], and ZENO ProFix [ZP]) and two chairside materials (Protemp 4 [PT], and Dentalon Plus [DP]) were used for the fabrication of the FDPs. Sixteen FDPs were fabricated from each material in an anatomical shape and stored in 0.9% NaCl solution at 37°C for 14 days. Thereafter, one half of the specimens from each group (n = 8) were additionally mechanically and thermally loaded (240,000 chewing cycles, 50 N, 5°/55°C, 2,100 thermal cycles). Fracture loads were measured and data analyzed using two- and one-way ANOVA, followed by Scheffé's post hoc test. ZP showed the highest mean fracture loads, regardless of the aging regime. Significantly lowest values were identified for DP and TC within the non-thermal loaded group, and for PT and CT within the thermal loaded group. No negative impact of aging regimes could be observed. PMID:27274560

  19. Total Process Surveillance (TOPS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    analytical redundancy is of significant importance in order to obtain the maximum amount of information as to the state of the plant. A further logical step in this theory is the accommodation of failed or damaged transducers by deriving their measurement information from the available remaining transducers. A system capable of providing a clear and improved picture of the plant's behaviour under a range of normal and off-normal operating conditions would thus be of significant economical and safety benefit. In summary: A Total Process Surveillance system is under development which can provide, in real-time, additional process information from a limited number of raw measurement signals. This is achieved by using a robust model based observer to generate estimates of the process' internal states. The observer utilises the analytical redundancy among a diverse range of transducers and can thus accommodate off-normal conditions which lead to transducer loss or damage. The modular hierarchical structure of the system enables the maximum amount of information to be assimilated from the available instrument signals no matter how diverse. This structure also constitutes a data reduction path thus reducing operator cognitive overload from a large number of varying, and possibly contradictory, raw plant signals. The TOPS system provides a structured and complete means for plant data management under both normal and off-normal operating conditions and thus will significantly assist the operator during severe accident management

  20. Effect of Beverages on the Hardness and Tensile Bond Strength of Temporary Acrylic Soft Liners to Acrylic Resin Denture Base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safari A.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Two potential problems commonly identified with a denture base incorporating a resilient liner are failure of the bond between acrylic resin and soft liner material, and loss of resiliency of the soft liner over time. Since patients may drink different beverages, it is important to evaluate their effects on physical properties of soft lining materials.Purpose: The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of different beverages on the hardness of two temporary acrylic-based soft lining materials and their bond strength to the denture base resin.Materials and Method: For the hardness test; a total of 80 rectangular specimens (40mm×10mm×3mm were fabricated from a heat-polymerized polymethylmethacrylate. Two commercially auto-polymerized acrylic resin-based resilient liners; Coe-Soft and Visco-gel were prepared according to the manufacturers’ instructions and applied on the specimens. For the tensile test, 160 cylindrical specimens (30mm×10mm were prepared. The liners were added between specimens with a thickness of 3 mm. The specimens of both soft liners were divided into 4 groups (n=10 and immersed in distilled water as the control group, Coca-Cola, 8% and 50% ethanol. All groups were stored in separate containers at 37oC for 12 days. All beverages were changed daily. The hardness was determined using a Shore A durometer and tensile bond strength was determined in a ZwickRoell testing machine at a cross-head speed of 5mm/min. The results were analyzed using two-way ANOVA.Results: There was no significant interaction between the soft liners and the drinks for both hardness (p= 0.748 and bond strength (p= 0.902. There were statistically signifi-cant differences between all drinks for both hardness (p< 0.001 and bond strength (p< 0.05.Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it seems that drinking Coca-Cola and alcoholic beverages would not be potentially causing any problems for the temporary

  1. Conceptual Model of Business Situation of Attraction and Reproduction of Temporary Personnel of the Event Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donets Oleksiy S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers importance of formation of the acting system of personnel management, since personnel determines the competitive potential and competitive advantages of an organisation. It develops a cognitive model of a business situation, which helps to present the process of attraction and reproduction of temporary personnel at enterprises, which deal with organisation of large-scale events, and influence of the factors upon each other. It builds a conceptual model of a business situation of attraction and reproduction of temporary personnel of the event service and, on its basis, offers a model of decision making with the use of elements of fuzzy logic on selection of a specialist for a specific position. It allocates main characteristics of employees, which are taken into account when forming decisions regarding taking on a candidate.

  2. Retailer’s optimal ordering policies for EOQ model with imperfective items under a temporary discount

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Wen Feng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we study inventory models to determine the optimal special order and maximum saving cost of imperfective items when the supplier offers a temporary discount. The received items are not all perfect and the defectives can be screened out by the end of 100% screening process. Three models are considered according to the special order occurs at regular replenishment time, non-regular replenishment time, and screening time of economic order quantity cycle. Each model has two sub-cases to be discussed. In temporary discount problems, in general, there are integer operators in objective functions. We suggest theorems to find the closed-form solutions to these kinds of problems. Furthermore, numerical examples and sensitivity analysis are given to illustrate the results of the proposed properties and theorems.

  3. Temporary non-code repair of ASME code class 3 piping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When a flaw is detected in piping, it may be impractical to perform a repair in accordance with Section XI of the ASME Code because the plant may have to be shut down. The U.S. regulations require licensees of nuclear power plants to obtain written relief from the NRC before a repair other than that specified in Section XI is performed. On June 15, 1990, the NRC issued Generic Letter (GL) 90-05 providing evaluation guidelines and acceptance limits for proposed non-code temporary repairs of ASME Code Class 3 piping when a code repair is impractical. Flaw evaluation, type of repairs, monitoring, augmented inspection, and the term that temporary repairs are applicable are all addressed in GL 90-05. The guidelines in GL 90-05, as modified by experience learned from its implementation, are under consideration as a draft ASME Code Case. (orig.)

  4. Temporary remission of disseminated paecilomycosis in a German shepherd dog treated with ketoconazole : case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J. Booth

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Disseminated mycosis caused by Paecilomyces varioti in a female German shepherd dog presented with chronic forelimb lameness is described. Radiographs of the swollen carpal joint revealed geographic lysis of the radial epiphysis. Diagnosis was based on cytological demonstration of fungal hyphae and chlamydiospores, as well as fungal culture of fluid obtained by arthrocentesis. Temporary remission was characterised by markedly improved clinical signs and laboratory parameters, following treatment with ketoconazole. The dog was euthanased 9 months after the initial diagnosis, following the diagnosis of multifocal discospondylitis. This appears to be the longest described period of temporary remission obtained with treatment in dogs with paecilomycosis. Clinical, clinicopathological and necropsy findings of this disease in another German shepherd dog are briefly described.

  5. The Impact of Education and Occupation on Temporary and Permanent Work Incapacity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gupta, Nabanita Datta; Lau, Daniel; Pozzoli, Dario

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates whether education and working in a physically demanding job causally impact temporary work incapacity (TWI), i. e. sickness absence and permanent work incapacity (PWI), i. e. the inflow to disability via sickness absence. Our contribution is to allow for endogeneity of bot....... Once we condition on temporary incapacity, we find again a causal effect of education on PWI, but no effect of occupation. Our results confirm that workers in physically demanding jobs are broken down by their work over time (women more than men) but only in terms of TWI....... education and occupation by estimating a quasi-maximum-likelihood discrete factor model. Data on sickness absence and disability spells for the population of older workers come from the Danish administrative registers for 1998–2002. We generally find causal effects of both education and occupation on TWI...

  6. Balancing management ‘for’ and ‘of’ stakeholders in projects and in temporary organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Annabeth; Eskerod, Pernille; Huemann, Martina; Ringhofer, Claudia

    need stakeholder resources, e.g. expertise and raw materials, and how this is managed appears to have an impact on the success of the project. This paper addressed the question on how sustainable development can be enhanced by building bridge between two fundamentally different management approaches to......The global developments within society have an impact on all organizations and therefore also on temporary organizations, like projects. However, these temporary organizations are often managed differently than permanent organizations, as projects are more fluid and time restricted. Yet, they still...... stakeholders: management ‘of’ versus ‘for’ stakeholders. The former derives from strategic management, ‘how do we make stakeholders comply with the organization’s needs?’, whereas the latter derives from business ethics, ‘how do we accommodate the needs of the stakeholders?’. A conceptual framework pointing at...

  7. Micro propagation of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni through temporary immersion bioreactor system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is a perennial herb that belongs to the family of Asteraceae. It is a natural sweetener plant known as sweet leaf, which is estimated to be 300 times sweeter than cane sugar. In this study, micro propagation of this natural herb via temporary immersion bioreactor system was successfully conducted. Shoot tips and nodal segment were used as explants to induce multiply shoots. It was found that shoot tips on MS medium supplemented with 1 mg/l Kinetin showed the highest shoot multiplication after 3 weeks of culture. Shoot elongation and rooting was successfully optimized in MS basal medium 2 weeks later. Mass propagation of stevia shoots were carried out in temporary immersion bioreactor and this system showed promising potential as an alternative approach for rapid and continuous production of in vitro stevia plantlets. (author)

  8. Temporary septic holding tank at the 300-FF-1 remedial action central support facility -- Engineering report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 300-FF-1 Remedial Action Support Facility will be required in the 300 Area (at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington) to support the remedial actions planned for the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit. In conjunction with this project, soils laden with radiological contamination will be excavated, removed, and transported to a permitted disposal facility, if required based upon characterization. This facility will be a temporary, modular building sized to provide office and work space for the supervisors, engineers, and technicians assigned to the project and engaged in the associated field work. Electrical and potable water service to the 300-FF-1 Support Facility will be provided via permanent connections to existing systems. A temporary septic system is desired as opposed to connecting to the existing sewer system due to regulatory issues. The paper describes the project location, geology and flooding potential, design criteria, operations, and maintenance

  9. The Effect of Biofeedback Therapy on Anorectal Function After the Reversal of Temporary Stoma When Administered During the Temporary Stoma Period in Rectal Cancer Patients With Sphincter-Saving Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kye, Bong-Hyeon; Kim, Hyung-Jin; Kim, Gun; Yoo, Ri Na; Cho, Hyeon-Min

    2016-01-01

    Abstract We evaluated the effect of biofeedback therapy (BFT) on anorectal function after stoma closure when administered during the interval of temporary stoma after sphincter-preserving surgery for rectal cancer. Impaired anorectal function is common after lower anterior resections, though no specific treatment options are currently available to prevent this adverse outcome. Fifty-six patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy after sphincter-preserving surgery with temporary...

  10. Strategy for the deployment of a dense broadband temporary array in the Alps: lessons learnt from the CIFALPS experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coralie, Aubert; Anne, Paul; Stefano, Solarino; Sandrine, Roussel; Simone, Salimbeni; Pierre, Zangelmi; Glenn, Cougoulat; Yinshuang, Ai; Weiwei, Xu; Yumei, He; Liang, Zhao

    2013-04-01

    The CIFALPS (China-Italy-France Alps seismic survey) experiment is a common project of IGGCAS (China), ISTerre (France) and INGV (Italy). It aims at getting new high-resolution passive seismic data on the crustal and upper mantle structure of the southwestern Alps. In this framework, we have installed a temporary broadband seismic array across the southwestern Alps from the Rhône valley (France) to the Po plain (Italy). The main sub-array of CIFALPS is a 350-km long roughly linear profile of 46 stations trending WSW-ENE from Bollène (France) to north of Alessandria (Italy). The average station spacing is 10 km in the outer parts of the belt, and it reduces to 5 km in the internal Alps. Nine additional temporary stations located ~40 km to the north and south of the main profile complement the permanent broadband networks to improve the 3-D constraints on the deep structures. Stations are equipped with Nanometrics Taurus data acquisition systems, and Trillium 120P/A, CMG3-ESP or CMG40T broadband sensors. The array was installed in the summer of 2012 and will be operated at least to April 2013. Because our schedule was tight, we had to achieve site selections in only 3-4 months in spite of strong constraints on site location related to short interstation spacing. Most sites are located in basements of buildings for security reasons and mains power supply. As most sensors are true broadband (90s or 120s), we put much effort on vault design to insure good thermal insulation and low noise at long periods. The vaults also had to be easily and rapidly built and they should be easily and totally removed at the end of the experiment. We used the PQLX software for quality control of our sites and vault design. The performances of our vaults are good for the vertical component with noise levels at 100s period in the range -185 dB (low noise model) to -165 dB. They are less good for horizontal components (noise level close to high noise model at periods > 20s) due to

  11. Site selection for a countrywide temporary network in Austria: noise analysis and preliminary performance

    OpenAIRE

    Fuchs, F; Kolínský, P.; Gröschl, G.; Apoloner, M.-T.; Qorbani, E.; Schneider, F.; G. Bokelmann

    2015-01-01

    Site selection is a crucial part of the work flow for installing seismic stations. Here, we report the preparations for a countrywide temporary seismic network in Austria. We describe the specific requirements for a multi-purpose seismic array with 40 km station spacing that will be operative approximately three years. Reftek 151 60 s sensors and Reftek 130/130S digitizers form the core instrumentation of our seismic stations which are mostly installed inside abandoned or oc...

  12. A finite dissipative theory of temporary interfibrillar bridges in the extracellular matrix of ligaments and tendons

    OpenAIRE

    Ciarletta, P.; Ben Amar, M

    2008-01-01

    The structural integrity and the biomechanical characteristics of ligaments and tendons result from the interactions between collagenous and non-collagenous proteins (e.g. proteoglycans, PGs) in the extracellular matrix. In this paper, a dissipative theory of temporary interfibrillar bridges in the anisotropic network of collagen type I, embedded in a ground substance, is derived. The glycosaminoglycan chains of decorin are assumed to mediate interactions between fibrils, behaving as viscous ...

  13. A Formaldehyde Exposure Assessment Tool for Occupants of FEMA Temporary Housing Units

    OpenAIRE

    Parthasarathy, Srinandini

    2011-01-01

    The report outlines the methodology used to develop a web-based tool to assess the formaldehyde exposure of the occupants of Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) temporary housing units (THUs) after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005. Linear regression models were built using available data to retrospectively estimate the indoor temperature and relative humidity, formaldehyde emission factors and concentration, and hence the formaldehyde exposures. The interactive web-tool allo...

  14. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY ON FORMALDEHYDE EMISSIONS IN TEMPORARY HOUSING UNITS

    OpenAIRE

    Parthasarathy, Srinandini

    2010-01-01

    The effect of temperature and humidity on formaldehyde emissions from samples collected from temporary housing units (THUs) was studied. The THUs were supplied by the U.S Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) to families that lost their homes in Louisiana and Mississippi during the Hurricane Katrina and Rita disasters. Based on a previous study 1, 2, four of the composite wood surface materials that dominated contributions to indoor formaldehyde were selected to analyze the effec...

  15. Validating alternative methodologies to estimate the regime of temporary rivers when flow data are unavailable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallart, F; Llorens, P; Latron, J; Cid, N; Rieradevall, M; Prat, N

    2016-09-15

    Hydrological data for assessing the regime of temporary rivers are often non-existent or scarce. The scarcity of flow data makes impossible to characterize the hydrological regime of temporary streams and, in consequence, to select the correct periods and methods to determine their ecological status. This is why the TREHS software is being developed, in the framework of the LIFE Trivers project. It will help managers to implement adequately the European Water Framework Directive in this kind of water body. TREHS, using the methodology described in Gallart et al. (2012), defines six transient 'aquatic states', based on hydrological conditions representing different mesohabitats, for a given reach at a particular moment. Because of its qualitative nature, this approach allows using alternative methodologies to assess the regime of temporary rivers when there are no observed flow data. These methods, based on interviews and high-resolution aerial photographs, were tested for estimating the aquatic regime of temporary rivers. All the gauging stations (13) belonging to the Catalan Internal Catchments (NE Spain) with recurrent zero-flow periods were selected to validate this methodology. On the one hand, non-structured interviews were conducted with inhabitants of villages near the gauging stations. On the other hand, the historical series of available orthophotographs were examined. Flow records measured at the gauging stations were used to validate the alternative methods. Flow permanence in the reaches was estimated reasonably by the interviews and adequately by aerial photographs, when compared with the values estimated using daily flows. The degree of seasonality was assessed only roughly by the interviews. The recurrence of disconnected pools was not detected by flow records but was estimated with some divergences by the two methods. The combination of the two alternative methods allows substituting or complementing flow records, to be updated in the future through

  16. Temporary agency work in the SOEP: Coping with data quality problems

    OpenAIRE

    Schäfer, Holger

    2012-01-01

    In principle, the SOEP is a highly adequate data source for analyzing the socio-economic background of temporary agency workers. In this paper, it's argued that on second glance, the SOEP's temp worker variable shows severe problems with data quality. An easy-to-use adjustment procedure is proposed that alleviates the problem, but is not an encompassing solution. Therefore, it is concluded that in the long term, the questionnaire needs to be improved.

  17. Temporary agency work and firm competitiveness: Evidence from German manufacturing firms

    OpenAIRE

    Nielen, Sebastian; Schiersch, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    This paper addresses the relationship between the utilization of temporary agency workers by firms and their competitiveness measured by unit labor costs, using a rich, newly built, data set of German manufacturing enterprises. The analysis is conducted by applying different panel data models while taking the inherent selection problem into account. Making use of dynamic panel data models allows us to control for firm specific fixed effects as well as for potential endogeneity of explanatory ...

  18. Temporary Foreign Worker Programmes: Policies, Adverse Consequences, and the Need to Make Them Work

    OpenAIRE

    Ruhs, Martin

    2002-01-01

    This paper comparatively discusses the policies and adverse consequences of six major temporary foreign worker programmes (TFWPs) in five different countries (Germany, Kuwait, Singapore, Switzerland, and the United States). I find that TFWPs have been quite different in design, but rather similar in their adverse consequences. The latter include: (i) the emergence of “immigrant sectors” in the host economy; (ii) the vulnerability of migrant workers toward various forms of exploitation in recr...

  19. Biotic and abiotic interactions in temporary summer pools of southern Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rosado, Joana; Morais, Manuela; Guilherme, Pedro; Ilheu, Maria

    2012-01-01

    In the south of Portugal, the summer season is characterized by reduced precipitation and high air temperatures, which causes the disruption of surface flow and subsequent formation of disconnect pools that may dry out entirely. During this dry period, there is a natural decrease of water quality standards due to the lack of water, leaving temporary rivers very vulnerable. Nevertheless, the remaining pools and surroundings become important in the survival of biological communities. Aquatic...

  20. Flow characterization temporary streams : using the model SIMGRO for the Evrotas basin, Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Vernooij, M.G.M.; Querner, E.P.; Jacobs, C.; Froebrich, J.

    2011-01-01

    Tools were developed to quantify space–time development of different flow phases on a river basin scale. Such information is needed for the WFD. The spatial development of temporary streams was investigated in the Evrotas basin, Greece. We used the regional hydrological model SIMGRO in a GIS framework to generate flow time series for all major streams. For a streams reach five flow phases are distinguished, being: floods; riffles; connected flow; pools and dry conditions. For each stream and ...

  1. Labour Strategies of Women: The Value of Household Unpaid Work and Temporary Labour Migration Abroad

    OpenAIRE

    Raluca Prelipceanu

    2013-01-01

    Our paper sets forth two possible explanations for the fall in female labour force participation in Romania. The first explanation focuses on the increase in temporary labour migration rates, while the second relies on the existence of gender norms. We consider the existence of a social norm that sets the participation of women into household production. We test these assumptions on a 10 percent sample of the Romanian 2002 census. The results show the existence of important differences betwee...

  2. Assimilation, labour market experience, and earnings profiles of temporary and permanent immigrant workers in germany

    OpenAIRE

    Licht, Georg; Steiner, Viktor

    1993-01-01

    We test the assimilation hypothesis as initially proposed by Chiswick (1978) by making. use of a rich panel dataset for Germany which allows us to control for unobserved population heterogeneity and potential selectivity bias arising from an individual's re-migration decision and employment behaviour. To take into account the institutional aspects of the German guest-worker system we use information on an immigrant's expected duration of stay in Germany to distinguish between temporary and pe...

  3. The relative impacts of native and introduced predatory fish on a temporary wetland tadpole assemblage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baber, Matthew J; Babbitt, Kimberly J

    2003-07-01

    Understanding the relative impacts of predators on prey may improve the ability to predict the effects of predator composition changes on prey assemblages. We experimentally examined the relative impact of native and introduced predatory fish on a temporary wetland amphibian assemblage to determine whether these predators exert distinct (unique or non-substitutable) or equivalent (similar) impacts on prey. Predatory fish included the eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki), golden topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus), flagfish ( Jordanella floridae), and the introduced walking catfish ( Clarias batrachus). The tadpole assemblage included four common species known to co-occur in temporary wetlands in south-central Florida, USA: the oak toad (Bufo quercicus), pinewoods treefrog (Hyla femoralis), squirrel treefrog (Hyla squirella), and eastern narrowmouth toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis). Tadpoles were exposed to different predators in wading pools under conditions similar to those found in surrounding temporary wetlands (particularly in terms of substrate type, the degree of habitat complexity, and temperature). Native predators were similar with respect to predation rate and prey selectivity, suggesting similar energy requirements and foraging behavior. Conversely, native fish predators, especially G. holbrooki, were distinct from the introduced C. batrachus. In contrast to expectations, C. batrachus were less voracious predators than native fish, particularly G. holbrooki. Moreover, survival of G. carolinensis and H. femoralis were higher in the presence of C. batrachus than G. holbrooki. We suggest that C. batrachus was a less efficient predator than native fish because the foraging behavior of this species resulted in low predator-prey encounter rates, and thus predation rate. In combination with a related field study, our results suggest that native predatory fish play a stronger role than C. batrachus in influencing the spatial distribution and abundance of

  4. Evolution and resolution of oedema following severe temporary cerebral ischaemia in the gerbil.

    OpenAIRE

    Avery, S.; Crockard, H A; Russell, R. R.

    1984-01-01

    Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and oedema following profound temporary ischaemia were studied in the gerbil. Ninety-four per cent of animals died within 24 hours of reperfusion; 50% by 4 hours. Regional differences in oedema (specific gravity method), Evans blue (EB) staining and rCBF (hydrogen clearance technique) occurred. Oedema developed during arterial occlusion, being inversely proportional to residual flow and was markedly exacerbated during reperfusion. Reperfusion hyperaemia was...

  5. The Plants of Mediterranean temporary pools: do we know enough for their conservation?

    OpenAIRE

    Grillas, Patrick; Rhazi, Laila; BAGELLA, SIMONETTA

    2015-01-01

    Mediterranean wetlands combine high conservation value and intense pressure from human activities and climate change. Temporary pools, which are important habitats for biodiversity in the Mediterranean region, are particularly exposed to destruction following their small size and depth. They show high species richness including many rare and specialized species, as well as high beta and gamma diversity resulting from the range of environmental conditions they encompass.

  6. Temporary septic holding tank at the 100-D remedial action support facility -- Engineering report. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides an engineering evaluation for the temporary septic holding tank that will be installed at the 100-D Remedial Action Support Facility at the 100-DR-1 Operable Unit in the Hanford Site. This support facility will be installed at the 100-DR-1 Operable Unit to provide office and work space for the workers involved in remediation activities of the various waste sites located at the Hanford Site

  7. Temporary shocks and unavoidable transitions to a high-unemployment regime

    OpenAIRE

    Den Haan, Wouter

    2003-01-01

    This Paper develops a model with multiple steady states (low tax and low unemployment versus high tax and high unemployment) in which equilibrium selection is not conditioned on a sunspot variable. Instead, large temporary shocks initiate unavoidable transitions from one steady state to another. Tax policies have huge effects in some cases. In particular, it is possible that the transition to the high-unemployment steady state after a negative shock can be avoided if the government borrows to...

  8. Temporary Shocks and Unavoidable Transistions to a High-Unemployment Regime

    OpenAIRE

    Wouter J. DenHaan

    2002-01-01

    This paper develops a model with multiple steady states (low tax and low unemployment versus high tax and high unemployment) in which equilibrium selection is not conditioned on a sunspot variable. Instead, large temporary shocks initiate unavoidable transitions from one steady state to another. Tax policies have huge effects in some cases. In particular, it is possible that the transition to the high-unemployment steady state after a negative shock can be avoided if the government borrows to...

  9. Indoor Thermal Environment of Temporary Mobile Energy Shelter Houses (MeSHs in South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeong-Gook Kim

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Temporary housing must be developed to support the long-term residence needs of disaster victims. The present study assesses a temporary housing unit, the so-called Mobile Energy Shelter House (MeSH, incorporating the “Korean Dwelling Insulation Standard” in order to reduce energy usage for cooling and heating. To assess energy performance, the characteristics of the indoor thermal environment were measured during the winter and summer seasons. In summer, at maximum insolation, the outdoor temperature was 37.6 °C and the indoor temperature of the MeSH ranged from 18 to 24 °C when the cooling system was not used. Conversely, during winter, the average outdoor temperature was −11.3 °C and the indoor temperature ranged from 16.09 to 20.63 °C when a temperature-controlled floor-heating was installed. Furthermore, the Predicted Mean Vote (PMV was adopted to determine whether the ISO 7730 comfort criterion (i.e., PMV range from −0.5 to +0.5 was achieved. Based on the calculations presented here, PMV in summer ranged from −1.21 to +1.07 and that in winter ranged from −0.08 to −0.85, suggesting that the thermal environment is not always comfortable for occupants in either summer or winter. Nevertheless, the ISO comfort criterion can be achieved through varying air velocity in summer and changing clothing characteristics in winter. A comparison between yearly energy demand of existing characteristic temporary housing (Shelter House and the MeSH modules used in this study was performed. The simulation results show a 60% difference in energy demand between MeSH and existing temporary housing shelter houses.

  10. Integration of sustainability issues into the design process of a temporary event infrastructure

    OpenAIRE

    Fumeaux, Loïc Vivien; Rey, Emmanuel

    2012-01-01

    Within the frame of temporary events, having recourse to the model of the tent corresponds to usual experiences. When the model offers advantages of fast assembly and certain flexibility, it has some significant disadvantages at the same time, especially regarding comfort (thermal and acoustic) and sustainability. Additionally, the transports induced and the materials used aren’t subject to special verifications, especially regarding the necessary energy and the influences on the environment....

  11. Association of temporary complete AV block and junctional ectopic tachycardia after surgery for congenital heart disease

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Paech; Ingo Dähnert; Martin Kostelka; Meinhardt Mende; Roman Gebauer

    2015-01-01

    Aim: Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a postoperative complication with a mortality rate of up to 14% after surgery for congenital heart disease. This study evaluated the risk factors of JET and explored the association of postoperative temporary third degree atrioventricular (AV) block and the occurrence of JET. Materials and Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from 1158 patients who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease. Results: The overall incidence of JET...

  12. High Skilled Temporary Immigrants in a Segmented Labor Market: A Study of H-1BS

    OpenAIRE

    Reichl, Renee P

    2005-01-01

    High skilled immigration to the United States is a growing area in immigration, labor, and policy research. Research on this subject focuses on the labor market impact of the largest skilled immigrant group: H-1Bs, temporary visa holders with at least a baccalaureate degree. A host of studies have demonstrated that these workers are paid the prevailing wage, yet they continue to be recruited despite unemployment and wage stagnation in H-1B sectors. This paper argues that to understand the att...

  13. The role of temporary accommodation buildings for post-disaster housing reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Félix, Daniel; Monteiro, Daniel; Branco, Jorge M.; Bologna, Roberto; Feio, A.

    2015-01-01

    The number of houses damaged or destroyed after disasters is frequently large, and re-housing of homeless people is one of the most important tasks of reconstruction programmes. Reconstruction works often last long and during that time, it is essential to provide victims with the minimum conditions to live with dignity, privacy, and protection. This research intends to demonstrate the crucial role of temporary accommodation buildings to provide spaces where people can live and gradually resum...

  14. The threshold of a stochastic delayed SIR epidemic model with temporary immunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qun; Chen, Qingmei; Jiang, Daqing

    2016-05-01

    This paper is concerned with the asymptotic properties of a stochastic delayed SIR epidemic model with temporary immunity. Sufficient conditions for extinction and persistence in the mean of the epidemic are established. The threshold between persistence in the mean and extinction of the epidemic is obtained. Compared with the corresponding deterministic model, the threshold affected by the white noise is smaller than the basic reproduction number R0 of the deterministic system.

  15. The Effects of Regulations and Business Cycles on Temporary Contracts, the Organization of Firms and Productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Eslava, Marcela; Haltiwanger, John; Kugler, Adriana; Kugler, Maurice

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we assess the impact, on workforce contract composition, employment adjustment dynamics and productivity, of a combination of changes in the Colombian labor legislation which increased firm’s ability of using contracts of a temporary nature, and posterior changes that increased the costs associated with longer term contracts. Until 1990, labor regulations in Colombia practically banned the possibility of using fixed-term contracts for horizons of less than one year (see, e.g. K...

  16. Temporary ileostomy for the preservation of colon fistula in patients with postoperative complications: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Solaine Chiminácio De Oliveira Patrício; Alcides José Branco Filho; Ana Carla Broetto Biazon

    2011-01-01

    Among the postoperative complications in the digestive system, the fistulae are the most common ones. The changes resulting from these fistulae are very important, once they can determine the patient's situation and the development of multiple organic failures. This paper reports the case of a patient who had relevant complications after having undergone temporary ileostomy to maintain the colon fistulized. About 90 to 95% of the digestive tract fistulae have spontaneous resolution. In so...

  17. Man-made Mediterranean temporary ponds as a tool for amphibian conservation

    OpenAIRE

    Ruhí i Vidal, Albert; San Sebastian, Olatz; Feo, Carles; Franch, Marc; Gascón Garcia, Stéphanie; Richter Boix, Alex; Boix Masafret, Dani; Gustavo A. Llorente

    2012-01-01

    Mediterranean temporary ponds (MTPs) are crucial breeding sites for local amphibians, a faunal group in decline in the Mediterranean mainly due to wetland destruction. Although the disappearance of lentic habitats in other regions of the world has been ameliorated by the creation and restoration of wetlands, these tactics remain untested in Mediterranean wetlands. To evaluate the amphibian colonization dynamics of artificial MTPs in the north-eastern Iberian Peninsula, we monitored two artifi...

  18. "Long-Term Benefits from Temporary Migration: Does the Gender of the Migrant Matter?"

    OpenAIRE

    DeSilva, Sanjaya

    2013-01-01

    Utilizing a nationally representative sample of households from Sri Lanka, this study examines gender differences in the long-term impact of temporary labor migration. We use a propensity score matching (PSM) framework to compare households with return migrants, households with current migrants, and equivalent nonmigrant households in terms of a variety of outcomes. Our results show that households that send women abroad are relatively poor and utilize migration to catch up with the average h...

  19. In Vitro Testing of a Novel Blood Pump Designed for Temporary Extracorporeal Support

    OpenAIRE

    Spurlock, DJ; Ranney, DN; Fracz, E; Mazur,; Bartlett, RH; Haft, JW

    2012-01-01

    Extracorporeal blood pumps are used as temporary ventricular assist devices or for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The ideal pump would be intrinsically self-regulating, carry no risk of cavitation or excessive inlet suction, be afterload insensitive, and valveless thus reducing thrombogenicity. Currently used technology, including roller, centrifugal, and pneumatic pulsatile pumps, does not meet these requirements. We studied a non-occlusive peristaltic pump (M-Pump) in two mock circula...

  20. DEVELOPMENT AND VERIFICATION OF NEW SOLID DENTAL FILLING TEMPORARY MATERIALS CONTAINING ZINC. FORMULA DEVELOPMENT STAGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pytko-Polończyk, Jolanta; Antosik, Agata; Zajac, Magdalena; Szlósarczyk, Marek; Krywult, Agnieszka; Jachowicz, Renata; Opoka, Włodzimierz

    2016-01-01

    Caries is the most popular problem affecting teeth and this is the reason why so many temporary dental filling materials are being developed. An example of such filling is zinc oxide paste mixed with eugenol, Thymodentin and Coltosol F®. Zinc-oxide eugenol is used in dentistry because of its multiplied values: it improves heeling of the pulp by dentine bridge formation; has antiseptic properties; is hygroscopic. Because of these advantages compouds of zinc oxide are used as temporary fillings, especially in deep caries lesions when treatment is oriented on support of vital pulp. Temporary dental fillings based on zinc oxide are prepared ex tempone by simple mixing powder (Thymodentin) and eugenol liqiud together or a ready to use paste Coltosol F®. Quantitative composition depends mainly on experience of person who is preparing it, therefore, exact qualitative composition of dental fillings is not replicable. The main goal of the study was to develop appropriate dental fillings in solid form containing set amount of zinc oxide. Within the study, the influence of preparation method on solid dental fillings properties like mechanical properties and zinc ions release were examined. PMID:27476293

  1. POLYTETRAFLUOROETYLENE TAPE AS TEMPORARY RESTORATIVE MATERIAL: A FLUID FILTRATION STUDY ⃰

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keziban Olcay

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the sealing ability of temporary restorative materials at 24 hrs and 1 week. Materials and Methods: Endodontic access cavities were prepared in 56 extracted lower incisor-teeth and divided into 5 groups (n=10. Standard 5 mm deep access preparations were completed and root canals were prepared to size ISO #30 file. The access cavities were restored as follows: Group 1: temporary restorative material (Ceivitron; Group 2: glass ionomer cement (Fuji II; Group 3: zinc oxide-eugenol cement (IRM; Group 4: zinc phosphate cement (Adhesor; Group 5: polytetrafluoroetylene tape (PTFE. The quality of the coronal sealing of each specimen was measured (24 hrs and 1 week using fluid transport model. The data was analysed with repeated measurements of ANO VA, Tukey, Paired samples T-Tests. Results: A significant difference was found among the groups at all time-periods (p0.05. Sealing ability of IRM and PTFE groups significantly increased by time (p<0.05 and p<0.001 respectively. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, PTFE showed an acceptable short-term sealing capability when compared to the other commonly used temporary restorative materials at 1 week measurements.

  2. Acute allergic contact dermatitis due to para-phenylenediamine after temporary henna painting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawaf, Al-Mutairi; Joshi, Arun; Nour-Eldin, Osama

    2003-11-01

    The use of temporary natural henna painting for body adornment and hair dyeing is very common in several countries of the Indian subcontinent, Middle East, and North Africa, and the fad is spreading in other parts of the world. Several cases of para-phenylenediamine (PPD) contaminated, temporary traditional/natural henna induced sensitization and acute allergic reaction have been reported, along with occasional serious long term and rare fatal consequences. We report here a 17-year-old girl with blisters over her hands of five-days duration that appeared within 72 hours of applying a temporary henna paint to her hands during a social occasion. Similar lesions were noted on her face. She had previously applied black henna only once, a year earlier without developing any lesions. Clinical diagnosis of acute allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) was made. After a short course of oral corticosteroids, topical mometasone furaote 1.0% cream, and oral antihistamines, the lesions healed completely over the next four weeks leaving post-inflammatory hypopigmentation. Patch testing done with standard European battery, PPD 1% in petrolatum, and commercially available natural henna powder revealed a 3+ reaction to PPD at 48 hours. No reaction was seen at the natural henna site. Awareness of the condition among physicians and the public and regulation regarding warnings of the risks of using such products is urgently warranted. PMID:14684936

  3. Temporary mushroom like covered stent placement with transnasal esophageal fistula abscess drainage for gastroesophageal anastomotic fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects on gastroesophageal anastomotic fistula with temporary placing covered stent of mushroom shape and transnasal drainage of gastroesophageal anastomotic abscess. Methods: For 8 patients with gastroesophageal anastomotic fistula, under fluoroscopic guidance, the drainage tube was put into the abscess cavity through nasal cavity and esophageal fistula, then stent was implanted within the esophagus. The abscess cavity was aspirated and esophagogram was taken in suitable time. Retaining the drainage tube about one month and then the stent was withdrawn after one week of the taken out of the former. Results: The drainage of abscess and stent placement was successful. The drainage tube was pulled out during 14-21 days after placement. The stent should be removed within one month. All fistulas were closed up and the abscesses disappeared. Conclusions: It is a safe, efficient, complicationless, non-invasive method to treat gastroesophageal anastomotic fistula with temporary placing covered stent with mushroom shape and drainage of abscess through nasal cavity and esophagus. Temporary mushroom-like covered stent placement with transnasal gastroesophageal anastomotic abscess drainage is a safe efficient, complication-less non-invasive method used interventionally. (authors)

  4. Temporary sobriety initiatives as public pedagogy: Windows of opportunity for embodied learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Julie

    2016-07-01

    Philanthropic temporary sobriety initiatives such as Dry July, FebFast and Ocsober have become increasingly popular in Australia and have begun to spread to other locations both for their fundraising potential and as a grassroots public health measure to promote more responsible attitudes to alcohol consumption. This article presents findings from a series of in-depth, post-campaign interviews with FebFast 2014 participants and staff about how these campaigns can be understood as a form of public pedagogy or non-traditional learning that purposefully cultivates and suggests health-promoting meanings for embodied experience. It explicates the mechanisms of public pedagogies that rely on embodiment and, importantly, considers the learner's perspective on the pedagogical process. Temporary sobriety initiatives are found to operate thanks to (1) a structure that prescribes and facilitates short-term changes and enforces compliance with a social contract of philanthropy and (2) messaging that guides participants in their evaluation and assessment of their experience of temporary sobriety as physically and psychologically beneficial, as well as socially informative and impactful. PMID:26304706

  5. Orange Houses and Tape Babies Temporary and Nebulous Art in Urban Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen L. McClish

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay argues that the disruption of the routine ways we engage with our cities is necessary for democratic activity and public participation. Building on research that examines the relationship between public spaces and democratic action, I explore temporary forms of creative street installation as interrupting the market-ing pleas that have become the only authorized forms of visual art in our cities. I argue that tactics in urban spaces that are temporary and provide nebulous mean-ings are necessary to grab our attention and make us linger. I propose that these forms of engagement act in the same way as people performing or playing in pub-lic spaces. I specifically employ Yi-Fu Tuan’s theoretical notions of space and movement and Margaret Kohn’s discussion of the significance of presence in pub-lic spaces to examine the creative ways we engage with and experience our cities. I examine two activist/artist projects: Mark Jenkins’ tape installations and Detroit Demolition. My analysis of these two sites demonstrates the importance of citi-zens engaging in their urban spaces. By creating temporary artwork that is nebul-ous in meaning, activists/artists are interrupting the routine ways we experience our cities.

  6. The convenience of temporary housing complexes in Iwate Prefecture constructed after the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study compares the convenience of temporary housing complexes in the Iwate Prefecture following the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake. The study was targeted at three major cities in the southern coastal area of Iwate Prefecture, namely, Kamaishi, Ofunato, and Rikuzen- Takata, that were most heavily struck by the earthquake-triggered tsunami. We conducted a network analysis in geographical information system software using the coordinate data of several daily infrastructures. Temporary housing complexes within the defined service area of each infrastructure were assigned a score of 1.00. The main findings are summarized below: 1) The temporary housing complexes in Rikuzen-Takata City were less accessible to infrastructures (as evidenced by the low coverage area of 1.00 scores) than the other investigated cities. 2) The scores of Kamaishi City and Ofunato City were statistically similar, but complexes in Ofunato City were surrounded by slightly more infrastructures (greater coverage area of 1.00 scores) than Kamaishi City. 3) We identified more than the predicted number of blank areas in the targeted areas. Thus, we consider that support services for people living in such areas are urgently required, especially in the realms of daily shopping, banking, and healthcare

  7. Evaluation of temporary non-code repairs in safety class 3 piping systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Temporary non-ASME Code repairs in safety class 3 pipe and piping components are permissible during plant operation in accordance with Nuclear Regulatory Commission Generic Letter 90-05. However, regulatory acceptance of such repairs requires the licensee to undertake several timely actions. Consistent with the requirements of GL 90-05, this paper presents an overview of the detailed evaluation and relief request process. The technical criteria encompasses both ductile and brittle piping materials. It also lists appropriate evaluation methods that a utility engineer can select to perform a structural integrity assessment for design basis loading conditions to support the use of temporary non-Code repair for degraded piping components. Most use of temporary non-code repairs at a nuclear generating station is in the service water system which is an essential safety related system providing the ultimate heat sink for various plant systems. Depending on the plant siting, the service water system may use fresh water or salt water as the cooling medium. Various degradation mechanisms including general corrosion, erosion/corrosion, pitting, microbiological corrosion, galvanic corrosion, under-deposit corrosion or a combination thereof continually challenge the pressure boundary structural integrity. A good source for description of corrosion degradation in cooling water systems is provided in a cited reference

  8. Tuberculosis Among Temporary Visa Holders Working in the Tourism Industry - United States, 2012-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, Meghan P; Cherry, Cara; Lipnitz, Julie; Nienstadt, Linus; King-Todd, April; Haddad, Maryam B; Russell, Michelle; Wong, David; Davidson, Peter; McFadden, Jevon; Miller, Corinne

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial disease of global concern. During 2013, an estimated nine million incident TB cases occurred worldwide (1). The majority (82%) were diagnosed in 22 countries, including South Africa and the Philippines, where annual incidence was 860 TB cases per 100,000 persons and 292 TB cases per 100,000 persons, respectively (1). The 2013 TB incidence in the United States was three cases per 100,000 persons (2). Under the Immigration and Nationality Act, TB screening is required for persons seeking permanent residence in the United States (i.e., immigrants and refugees), but it is not routinely required for nonimmigrants who are issued temporary visas for school or work (3). A portion of the U.S. tourism industry relies on temporary visa holders to accommodate seasonal and fluctuating demand for service personnel (4). This report describes three foreign-born persons holding temporary visas who had infectious TB while working at tourist destinations in the United States during 2012-2014. Multiple factors, including dormitory-style housing, transient work patterns, and diagnostic delays might have contributed to increased opportunity for TB transmission. Clinicians in seasonally driven tourist destinations should be aware of the potential for imported TB disease in foreign-born seasonal workers and promptly report suspected cases to health officials. PMID:27010221

  9. 77 FR 13635 - Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United States: 2012 Allowable Charges for Agricultural Workers' Meals and...

  10. 76 FR 79711 - Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United States: 2012 Adverse Effect Wage Rates AGENCY: Employment and...

  11. 77 FR 12882 - Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United States: 2012 Allowable Charges for Agricultural Workers' Meals and...

  12. 78 FR 1259 - Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United States: 2013 Adverse Effect Wage Rates AGENCY: Employment and...

  13. Assessment of coronal leakage of a new temporary light-curing filling material in endodontically treated teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurilene S Cardoso

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: The results of this in vitro study suggest that all temporary restorative materials exhibit some degree of marginal leakage. X-Temp LC and Coltosol, however seal better than Vitro Fill glass ionomer cement.

  14. Abundance and diversity of Odonata in temporary water bodies of Coimbatore and Salem districts in Tamil Nadu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Arulprakash

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Odonata diversity was assessed in 13 temporary water bodies of Coimbatore and Salem districts in Tamil Nadu. Assessment revealed the presence of 21 species of Odonata (14 species of Anisoptera and seven species of Zygoptera belonging to 17 genera under four families. Libellulidae (Anisoptera was represented by the maximum number of species and individuals. Pantala flavescens (Libellulidae was the most abundant among 21 species. Among the temporary water bodies, the maximum number of individuals as well as species was recorded from Utkulam tank (Coimbatore district. Odonata diversity was higher in Kamalapuram tanks 1 and 2 (Salem district and lower in Ukkadam tank (Coimbatore District. Diplacodes trivialis (Rambur, Orthetrum sabina (Drury and Pantala flavescens (Fabricius were identified as temporary water body specialists because of their presence in all the 13 temporary water bodies sampled.

  15. Developing a novel approach to analyse the regimes of temporary streams and their controls on aquatic biota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Gallart

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Temporary streams are those water courses that undergo the recurrent cessation of flow or the complete drying of their channel. The biological communities in temporary stream reaches are strongly dependent on the temporal changes of the aquatic habitats determined by the hydrological conditions. The use of the aquatic fauna structural and functional characteristics to assess the ecological quality of a temporary stream reach can not therefore be made without taking into account the controls imposed by the hydrological regime. This paper develops some methods for analysing temporary streams' aquatic regimes, based on the definition of six aquatic states that summarize the sets of mesohabitats occurring on a given reach at a particular moment, depending on the hydrological conditions: flood, riffles, connected, pools, dry and arid. We used the water discharge records from gauging stations or simulations using rainfall-runoff models to infer the temporal patterns of occurrence of these states using the developed aquatic states frequency graph. The visual analysis of this graph is complemented by the development of two metrics based on the permanence of flow and the seasonal predictability of zero flow periods. Finally, a classification of the aquatic regimes of temporary streams in terms of their influence over the development of aquatic life is put forward, defining Permanent, Temporary-pools, Temporary-dry and Episodic regime types. All these methods were tested with data from eight temporary streams around the Mediterranean from MIRAGE project and its application was a precondition to assess the ecological quality of these streams using the current methods prescribed in the European Water Framework Directive for macroinvertebrate communities.

  16. Fatty Acids as a Tool to Understand Microbial Diversity and Their Role in Food Webs of Mediterranean Temporary Ponds

    OpenAIRE

    Carla C. C. R. de Carvalho; Maria-José Caramujo

    2014-01-01

    Temporary Mediterranean ponds are complex ecosystems which support a high diversity of organisms that include heterotrophic microorganisms, algae, crustaceans, amphibians and higher plants, and have the potential to supply food and a resting place to migratory birds. The role of heterotrophs at the base of the food web in providing energy to the higher trophic levels was studied in temporary ponds in Central and Southern Portugal. The relative quantification of the hetero and autotrophic bio...

  17. Temporary Losses of Highway Capacity and Impacts on Performance: Phase 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chin, S.M.

    2004-11-10

    Traffic congestion and its impacts significantly affect the nation's economic performance and the public's quality of life. In most urban areas, travel demand routinely exceeds highway capacity during peak periods. In addition, events such as crashes, vehicle breakdowns, work zones, adverse weather, railroad crossings, large trucks loading/unloading in urban areas, and other factors such as toll collection facilities and sub-optimal signal timing cause temporary capacity losses, often worsening the conditions on already congested highway networks. The impacts of these temporary capacity losses include delay, reduced mobility, and reduced reliability of the highway system. They can also cause drivers to re-route or reschedule trips. Such information is vital to formulating sound public policies for the highway infrastructure and its operation. In response to this need, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), made an initial attempt to provide nationwide estimates of the capacity losses and delay caused by temporary capacity-reducing events (Chin et al. 2002). This study, called the Temporary Loss of Capacity (TLC) study, estimated capacity loss and delay on freeways and principal arterials resulting from fatal and non-fatal crashes, vehicle breakdowns, and adverse weather, including snow, ice, and fog. In addition, it estimated capacity loss and delay caused by sub-optimal signal timing at intersections on principal arterials. It also included rough estimates of capacity loss and delay on Interstates due to highway construction and maintenance work zones. Capacity loss and delay were estimated for calendar year 1999, except for work zone estimates, which were estimated for May 2001 to May 2002 due to data availability limitations. Prior to the first phase of this study, which was completed in May of 2002, no nationwide estimates of temporary losses of highway capacity by type of capacity-reducing event had

  18. Short-term hypofractionated radiotherapy followed by total mesorectal excision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As of December 1996 to March 1999, 34 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer have been irradiated preoperatively with 5 times 5 Gy. After CT-planning, radiotherapy was administered using a 3-field or 4-field box technique with 2 anterior-posterior fields or a posterior field of 9 ± 2 cm x 11.5 ± 2.4 cm and 2 opposed bilateral fields of 9 ± 1.5 cm x 11.5 ± 2 cm with 6- to 25-MV photons. Surgery was performed 14 ± 6 days after irradiation in 33/34 patients (82% anterior resection with total mesorectal excision, 18% abdomino-perineal resection). Patients with a positive lymph node status or pT3/4 lesions underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU). The median follow-up period is 189 days (range: 15 to 548 days). Results: The following early side reactions were registered: Increased bowel movements (4/34), fatigue (2/34), pain in the groins (1/34), nausea and perianal smart (1/34), vertigo (1/34), temporary urinary obstruction (1/34). One patient with heart failure NYHA Grade III died of a heart attack after 21 days. Preoperative T and N categories showed a distribution of 3,29 and 2 for T4, T3 and unknown and 20, 11 and 3 for N+, N- and unknown; postoperative T and N categories showed a distribution of 3/19 and 11 for T4, T3 and T2 and 19 and 14 for N+ and N-. In 32 of 33 patients tumor free margins were achieved. One patient with peritoneal metastases had a R1 resection. In 3 patients metastases were detected intraoperatively. Perioperative complications were: 2 cases of leaking anastomosis and postoperative bowel atonia, 1 case with bowel obstruction, delayed wound healing, wound dehiscence and temporary renal dysfunction. (orig.)

  19. Total Knee Replacement for Women

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ll be moderating a Zimmer Gender Solutions total knee, performed by my partner, Dr. Ken Gustke. At ... I’m going to be doing a total knee replacement utilizing the Gender Flex implants on a ...

  20. ALDEHYDE AND OTHER VOLATILE ORGANIC CHEMICAL EMISSIONS IN FOUR FEMA TEMPORARY HOUSING UNITS ? FINAL REPORT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar, Olivia; Maddalena, Randy L.; Russell, Marion; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Apte, Michael G.

    2008-05-04

    Four unoccupied FEMA temporary housing units (THUs) were studied to assess their indoor emissions of volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde. Measurement of whole-THU VOC and aldehyde emission factors (mu g h-1 per m2 of floor area) for each of the four THUs were made at FEMA's Purvis MS staging yard using a mass balance approach. Measurements were made in the morning, and again in the afternoon in each THU. Steady-state indoor formaldehyde concentrations ranged from 378 mu g m-3 (0.31ppm) to 632 mu g m-3 (0.52 ppm) in the AM, and from 433 mu g m-3 (0.35 ppm) to 926 mu g m-3 (0.78 ppm) in the PM. THU air exchange rates ranged from 0.15 h-1 to 0.39 h-1. A total of 45 small (approximately 0.025 m2) samples of surface material, 16 types, were collected directly from the four THUs and shipped to Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. The material samples were analyzed for VOC and aldehyde emissions in small stainless steel chambers using a standard, accurate mass balance method. Quantification of VOCs was done via gas chromatography -- mass spectrometry and low molecular weight aldehydes via high performance liquid chromatography. Material specific emission factors (mu g h-1 per m2 of material) were quantified. Approximately 80 unique VOCs were tentatively identified in the THU field samples, of which forty-five were quantified either because of their toxicological significance or because their concentrations were high. Whole-trailer and material specific emission factors were calculated for 33 compounds. The THU emission factors and those from their component materials were compared against those measured from other types of housing and the materials used in their construction. Whole THU emission factors for most VOCs were typically similar to those from comparative housing. The three exceptions were exceptionally large emissions of formaldehyde and TMPD-DIB (a common plasticizer in vinyl products), and somewhat elevated for phenol. Of these three compounds