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Sample records for carcinomas clinicopathologic correlations

  1. Expression of Hpa and CD222 in bladder carcinoma and analysis of clinico-pathologic correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuhong Shi; Hui Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Objective:Our study aimed to investigate the relationships between the clinico-pathologic features and the hepa-ranase (Hpa) and CD222 expressions in bladder carcinoma. Methods:The expressions of Hpa and CD222 in 95 bladder carcinoma specimens and 20 paraneoplastic bladder tissues (controls) were assessed using the immunohistochemical stain-ing method. Results:The positive expression rates of Hpa and CD222 in bladder carcinoma were 68.42%and 61.05%, respectively. The positive rate of Hpa was significantly higher in the carcinoma specimens than in the control specimens (P<0.01). Similarly, the Hpa expression in the invasive bladder carcinoma was significantly higher than that in the non-invasive bladder carcinoma (P<0.01). A positive correlation was observed between the expressions of Hpa and CD222 (P<0.05). The expressions of Hpa and CD222 were significantly correlated with lymphatic invasion and TNM staging (P<0.05). The 5-year survival rate was significantly higher in negative expression of the Hpa group than that in the positive expression group (P<0.05). Compared with the non-co-positive expression group, the 5-year survival rate in the co-positive expression of Hpa and CD222 group was significantly lower (P<0.05). Conclusion:High Hpa and CD222 expressions in tumor tissues were associated with the occurrence and development of bladder carcinoma. Our results provide helpful information for the further diagnosis and therapy of bladder carcinoma.

  2. RASSF1A protein expression and correlation with clinicopathological parameters in renal cell carcinoma

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    Machtens Stefan

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epigenetic silencing of RAS association family 1A (RASSF1A tumor suppressor gene occurs in various histological subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC but RASSF1A protein expression in clear cell RCC as well as a possible correlation with clinicopathological parameters of patients has not been analyzed at yet. Methods 318 primary clear cell carcinomas were analyzed using tissue microarray analysis and immunohistochemistry. Survival analysis was carried out for 187 patients considering a follow-up period of 2–240 month. Results Expression of RASSF1A was found to be significantly decreased in tumoral cells when compared to normal tubular epithelial cells. RASSF1A immunopositivity was significantly associated with pT stage, group stage and histological grade of tumors and showed a tendency for impaired survival in Kaplan-Meier analysis. Conclusion While most tumors demonstrate a loss of RASSF1A protein, a subset of tumors was identified to exhibit substantial RASSF1A protein expression and show increased tumor progression. Thus RCC tumorigenesis without depletion of RASSF1A may be associated with an adverse clinical outcome.

  3. Biochemical and immunohistochemical estrogen and progesterone receptors in adenomatous hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma: correlations with stage and other clinicopathologic features

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyholm, H C; Nielsen, A L; Lyndrup, J;

    1992-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study investigates clinicopathologic associations of estrogen and progesterone receptor content in endometrial carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred fifty-two patients with endometrial cancer and 12 with adenomatous hyperplasia were included. Dextran-coated charcoal receptor assay...... of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics grade. Age of patient, years since menopause, and previous estrogen treatment were not related to receptor content. In adenomatous hyperplasia high progesterone receptor levels were seen. CONCLUSION: The inverse correlation between clinical stage...... of endometrial carcinoma and content of estrogen and progesterone receptors may reflect tumor biologic behavior....

  4. Clinico-pathological correlation of micronuclei in oral squamous cell carcinoma by exfoliative cytology

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    Palve Devendra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral squamous cell carcinoma accounts for 90% to 95% of all oral malignancies. Though its diagnosis seldom presents difficulty, it is the cancer staging and histopathological grading that are important to prognostication; and micronuclei are good prognostic indicators. Micronucleus frequencies in oral exfoliated cells stained with papanicolaou stain were counted and correlated with the histopathological grades and clinical stages of squamous cell carcinoma patients. They were also compared with healthy control subjects. Micronuclei (MN frequencies were found higher in squamous cell carcinoma patients than in control subjects. MN frequencies were also found to be raised with increasing histological grades of squamous cell carcinoma.

  5. Correlation of primary tumor FDG uptake with clinicopathologic prognostic factors in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast

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    Jo, I; Kim, Sung Hoon; Kim, Hae Won; Kang, Sung Hee [Keimyung University, School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Zeon, Seok Kil [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Sungnam (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Su Jin [Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Dongguk University, School of Medicine, Gyeongju (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of primary tumor FDG uptake to clinicopathological prognostic factors in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. We retrospectively reviewed 136 of 215 female patients with pathologically proven invasive ductal breast cancer from January 2008 to December 2011 who underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT for initial staging and follow-up after curative treatment with analysis of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV{sub max}) of the primary breast tumor was measured and compared with hormonal receptor and HER2 overexpression status. The high SUV{sub max} of primary breast tumors is significantly correlated with the clinicopathological factors: tumor size, histologic grade, TNM stage, negativity of ER, negativity of PR, HER2 overexpression and triple negativity. The recurrent group with non-triple negative cancer had a higher SUV{sub max} compared with the non-recurrent group, though no significant difference in FDG uptake was noted between the recurrence and non-recurrent groups in subjects with triple-negative cancer. Lymph node involvement was the independent risk factor for cancer recurrence in the multivariate analysis. In conclusion, high FDG uptake in primary breast tumors is significantly correlated with clinicopathological factors, such as tumor size, histologic grade, TNM stage, negativity of the hormonal receptor, HER2 overexpression and triple negativity. Therefore, FDG PET/CT is a helpful prognostic tool to direct the further management of patients with breast cancer.

  6. Loss of DPC4 expression and its correlation with clinicopathological parameters in pancreatic carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhan Hua; Yuan-Chun Zhang; Xiao-Ming Hu; Zhen-Geng Jia

    2003-01-01

    AIM: DPC4 is a tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 18q21.1 that has high mutant frequencies in pancreatic carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of DPC4 alterations in tumorigenesis and progression of pancreatic carcinomas.METHODS: We studied the immunohistochemical markers of DPC4 in 34 adenocarcinomas and 16 nonmalignant specimens from the pancreas. The 16 nonmalignant specimens from the pancreas included 8 non-neoplastic cysts and 8 normal pancreatic tissues. The relationship between DPC4 alterations and various clinicopathological parameters was evaluated by chi-square test or Fisher's exact test.Survivals were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method (by a log-rank test).RESULTS: All the 16 nonmalignant cases of the pancreas showed expression of DPC4 gene. Loss of DPC4 expression was seen in 8 of 34(23.5 %) pancreatic adenocarcinomas.The frequency of loss of DPC4 expression was higher in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (G3) than in well and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (G1 and G2)histologically (P=0.037). Loss of DPC4 expression of the patients at TNM stage Ⅳ was also higher than that of the patients at TNM stages Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ (60.0 % at stage Ⅳ,versus14.3 % atstage Ⅰ, 18.2 % at stage Ⅱ, and 18.2 % at stage Ⅲ) (P=0.223). The mean and median survival in patients with DPC4 expression was longer than those in patients with loss of DPC4 expression. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated patients with DPC4 expression had a higher survival rate than patients with loss of DPC4 expression, but the difference did not reach statistical significance (P =0.879).CONCLUSION: This study suggests that DPC4 is involved in the development of pancreatic carcinoma and is a late event in pancreatic carcinogenesis, DPC4 expression may be a molecular prognostic marker for pancreatic carcinoma.

  7. "Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Vagina: HPV Detection, p16INK4A Overexpression and Clinicopathological Correlations"

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    Fuste, Victoria; Del Pino, Marta; Perez, Assumpta; Garcia, Angel; Torne, Aureli; Pahisa, Jaume; Ordi, Jaume

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Aim: To determine the role of HPV in the pathogenesis of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina (SCCVa), and to evaluate its clinico-pathological significance. Methods: All cases of SCCVa diagnosed over a 15 year period from two hospitals in Barcelona, Spain (n=32) were retrieved. Patients with a history of carcinoma of the cervix diagnosed less than 5 years before were excluded. HPV was detected and typed by PCR using the SPF10 primers. Immunohistochemistry for...

  8. Detection of serum p53 antibodies in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: correlation with clinicopathologic features and tumor markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimada, H; Nakajima, K; Ochiai, T; Koide, Y; Okazumi, S I; Matsubara, H; Takeda, A; Miyazawa, Y; Arima, M; Isono, K

    1998-01-01

    The significance of serum p53-Abs in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was determined. Examination of clinicopathological features and assessment of tumor marker sensitivities of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and CYFRA21-1 were performed. Thirty-three (58%) of 57 patients were positive for serum p53-Abs, however, no relation with cancer progression existed. Fourteen of the 33 sero-positive patients revealed normal levels of all tumor markers tested. Thus, serum p53-Abs appears to be a useful marker for the detection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

  9. A Clinicopathologic Correlation of Mammographic Parenchymal Patterns and Associated Risk Factors for Human Mammary Carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bland, Kirby I.; Kuhns, James G.; Buchanan, Jerry B.; Dwyer, Patricia A.; Heuser, Louis F.; O'Connor, Carol A.; Gray, Laman A.; Polk, Hiram C.

    1982-01-01

    equal distribution frequency of the XM classification existed for screenees 50 years of age or older with cancer (p = 0.50), while screenees 35-49 years of age were more often observed to have the high-risk P2, DY patterns (p <0.001). Analysis of 1,759 histologic characteristics in biopsies of 863 patients with FCDB revealed ductal and lobular hyperplastic lesions, sclerosing adenosis, or epithelial cyst(s) to be the major constituents of 64-69% of the high-risk P2 (P2f, P2n, P2c) image (p < 0.001). These data suggest that XM parenchymal patterns observed in asymptomatic screenees incompletely correlate with known pathologic variables and risk factors. Additionally, benefit for recognition of these preinvasive proliferative pathologic factors and carcinomas appears restricted to the younger screenee. The clinical integration of these risk factors with XM patterns may allow preselection of patients deserving of frequent follow-up for breast cancer; however, these data do not support the contention that Wolfe XM patterns are predictors for screening strategies or that they decisively enhance patient management. ImagesFig. 1.Fig. 1.Fig. 2a.Fig. 2b.Fig. 2c.Fig. 2d. PMID:7073355

  10. FREQUENT DELETION OF MTS1/p16 GENE AND CORRELATION WITH CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN ENDOMETRIAL CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Chunxiao; Sun Jianheng; Lu Shixin; Jin Shunqian; Liu Hailing; Sheng Xiugui

    1998-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the possible relationship between deletion of MTS/p16 gene and progression of endometrial carcinoma. Methods: Forty-six primary endometrial carcinoma, 7 tumor-adjacent endometrial tissue, 10 normal endometrial tissue specimen and 5 xenografts from patients with endometrial carcinoma were examined for homozygous deletion of MTS/p16 gene by polymerase chain reaction-based analysis. Results: Of 46 endometrial cancer specimens, 9 showed homozygous deletion, no deletion was detected in the tumor-adjacent and normal endometial tissues. Nor was it detected in well-differentiated endometrial carcinoma and all xenografts. Conclusions: Deletion of MTS1/p16 gene might contribute to the progression of endometrial carcinoma and could be served as indicator for predicting prognosis.

  11. Expression of e-cadherin, n-cadherin and snail and their correlation with clinicopathological variants: an immunohistochemical study of 132 invasive ductal breast carcinomas in Egypt

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    Hanan Mohamed Abd ElMoneim

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of the cell adhesion molecules E-cadherin and N-cadherin and the transcription factor Snail in invasive ductal breast carcinomas and to determine their relationships with clinicopathological features. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to examine E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Snail protein expression in 132 invasive breast carcinomas. RESULTS: The expression of E-cadherin was decreased (negative or weak in 37.1% of invasive carcinomas, while N-cadherin and Snail overexpression were detected in 51.9% and 40.9% of carcinomas, respectively. Low E-cadherin expression was significantly correlated with poorly differentiated carcinoma (53.1%, positive node status (80.9%, poor Nottingham Prognostic Index (64.7%, and the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors. Overexpression of N-cadherin and Snail were also significantly correlated with poorly differentiated carcinoma, positive node status, and poor Nottingham Prognostic Index but were correlated with the absence of hormone receptors. Loss of E-cadherin immunoexpression was strongly associated with the presence of membranous N-cadherin (87.8% and nuclear Snail (69.4%. CONCLUSION: Loss of E-cadherin and overexpression of N-cadherin and Snail in breast carcinomas may play a central role in the development of invasive ductal breast carcinoma. These biomarkers may provide a valuable reference for the study of invasive ductal carcinoma progression and to characterize the biological behavior of the tumor. In the future, increased N-cadherin and decreased E-cadherin expression may be used as indicators of the progression and prognosis of invasive ductal carcinoma.

  12. Poor prognostic clinicopathologic features correlate with VEGF expression but not with PTEN expression in squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx

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    Karagoz Filiz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF and phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted in chromosome ten (PTEN, angiogenesis and clinicopathological parameters of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. Methods We examined immunohistochemical expression of VEGF and PTEN and CD34 for microvessel density (MVD in sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue blocks of 140 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. The intensity of VEGF and PTEN staining and the proportion of cells staining were scored. Results The tumor grade was not significantly related to PTEN expression, but it was to VEGF expression (p = 0.400; p = 0.015, respectively. While there was no significant relationship between PTEN expression and tumor size and cartilage invasion (p = 0.311, p = 0.128, there was a significant relationship between the severity of VEGF expression and tumor size (p = 0.006 and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.048 but not cartilage invasion (p = 0.129. MVD was significantly higher in high-grade tumors (p = 0.003 but had no significant relationship between MVD, lymph node metastasis, and cartilage invasion (p = 0.815, p = 0.204. There was also no significant relationship between PTEN and VEGF expression (p = 0.161 and between PTEN and VEGF expression and the MVD (p = 0.120 and p = 0.175, respectively. Conclusions Increased VEGF expression may play an important role in the outcome of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. PTEN expression was not related to VEGF expression and clinicopathological features of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.

  13. Clinico-pathological correlation of E-cadherin expression at the invasive tumor front of Indian oral squamous cell carcinomas: An immunohistochemical study

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    Mehendiratta, Monica; Solomon, Monica Charlotte; Boaz, Karen; Guddattu, Vasudeva; Mohindra, Aashima

    2014-01-01

    Background: Recent studies have indicated that although malignant cells at the invasive tumor front, bare morphological resemblance to the cells at central portion of the tumor, their molecular character differs significantly. E-cadherin is a cell-cell adhesion molecule that connects epithelial cells. This study attempts to correlate the E-cadherin expression at the invasive tumor front with tumor differentiation along with its clinico-pathological parameters. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical staining with E-cadherin was carried out on archival cases of primary oral squamous cell carcinomas (n = 30). The E-cadherin expression at the invasive tumor front was analyzed and was linked to clinico-pathological parameters including patient prognosis. Results: The downregulation of E-cadherin expression at the invasive tumor edge when compared with patient's prognosis yielded a significant correlation (P = 0.041) but its correlation with the degree of differentiation determined was not significant (P = 0.27). Also, its association with tumor size and lymph node status was negative. Conclusions: Loss of E-cadherin expression at the invasive tumor front is an important event in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinomas. Tumors with a loss of expression of E-cadherin are those which had a poor prognosis PMID:25328302

  14. Analysis of the Role of PET/CT SUVmax in Prognosis and Its Correlation with 
Clinicopathological Characteristics in Resectable Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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    Hongliang REN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the world, more than one-half of cases are diagnosed at a advanced stage, and the overall 5-year survival rate for lung cancer is 18%. Lung cancer is divided into non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC. Approximately 80%-85% of cases are NSCLC which includes three main types: adenocarcinoma (40%, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC (20%-30%, and large cell carcinoma (10%. Although therapies that target driver mutations in adenocarcinomas are showing some promise, they are proving ineffective in smoking-related SCC. We need pay more attention to the diagnosis and treatment of SCC. 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET/computed tomography (CT has emerged as an accurate staging modality in lung cancer diagnosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax on PET-CT in prognosis and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics in resectable SCC. Methods One hundred and eighty-two resectable SCC patients who underwent PET/CT imaging between May 2005 and October 2014 were enrolled into this retrospectively study. All the enrolled patients had underwent pulmonary resection with mediastinal lymph node dissection without preoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Survival outcomes were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. Correlation between SUVmax and clinicopathological factors was analysed using Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman rank correlation analysis. Results The patients were divided into two groups on the basis of SUVmax 13.0 as cutoff value, and patients with SUVmax more than 13.0 had shorter median overall survival than patients less than 13.0 in univariate analysis (56 months vs 87 months; P=0.022. There was remarkable correlation between SUVmax and gender, tumor size, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM stage

  15. Clinicopathological significance and prognostic value of LRP16 expression in colorectal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To explore the expression of leukemia related protein 16 (LRP16) in colorectal carcinoma, and analyze its correlation with clinicopathologic features and prognosis. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for LRP16 was performed in 201 cases of colorectal carcinoma and 60 cases of distal normal mucosa. Medical records were reviewed and clinicopathological analysis was performed. RESULTS: LRP16 expression was detected in 117 of 201 cases of the colorectal carcinoma and in 21 cases of 60 distal normal mucosa. The ...

  16. Co-expression of CDX2 and MUC2 in gastric carcinomas: Correlations with clinico-pathological parameters and prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kristina Roessler; Stefan P. M(o)nig; Paul M. Schneider; Franz-Georg Hanisch; Stephanie Landsberg; Juergen Thiele; Arnulf H. H(o)lscher; Hans P. Dienes; Stephan E. Baldus

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the role of CDX2 homeobox protein as a predictor for cancer progression and prognosis as well as its correlation with MUC2 expression. CDX2 represents a transcription factor for various intestinal genes (including MUC2) and thus an important regulator of intestinal differentiation, which could previously be identified in gastric carcinomas and intestinal metaplasia.METHODS: Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues from 190 gastric carcinoma patients were stained with monodonal antibodies recognizing CDX2 and MUC2, respectively. Immunoreactivity was evaluated semiquantitatively and statistical analyses including χ2 tests, uni- and multi-variate survival analyses were performed.RESULTS: CDX2 was mostly expressed in a nuclear or supranuclear pattern, whereas MUC2 showed an almost exclusive supranuclear reactivity. Both antigens were present in >80% of areas exhibiting intestinal metaplasia. An immunoreactivity in >5% of the tumor area was observed in 57% (CDX2) or in 21% (MUC2) of the carcinomas. The presence of both molecules did not correlate with WHO,significantly stronger vlUC2 expression in mucinous tumors). CDX2 correlated with a lower pT and pN stage in the subgroups of intestinal and stage I cancers and was associated with MUC2 positivity. A prognostic impact of CDX2 or MUC2 was not observed. CONCLUSION: CDX2 and MUC2 play an important role in the differentiation of normal, inflamed, and neoplastic gastric tissues. According to our results, loss of CDX2 may represent a marker of tumor progression in early gastric cancer and carcinomas with an intestinal phenotype.

  17. Clinicopathological Features of Triple Negative Breast Carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Gowry Maram; Pai, Radha R.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Breast carcinoma is one of the most common malignancies affecting women in developing countries. Molecular studies of breast carcinoma have classified the tumour based on the immunohistochemical staining into 4 subtypes, such as Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2/neu Positive and Triple Negative Breast Carcinoma (TNBC). TNBCs are reported to have an aggressive behaviour and wide metastasis, leading to selective treatment outcomes. Aim The aim was to study the clinicopathological features such as age, site, tumour size, histopathological type, histologic grade, lymph node status, stage and treatment outcomes of triple negative breast carcinoma. Materials and Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 108 cases of breast carcinoma received during the period of 2 years. The tumour was classified based on immunohistochemical staining into four subtypes. The clinicopathological details, histomorphological and immunohistochemical features of TNBC were studied. Results Of the 108 patients, 34 patients were diagnosed as TNBC. The average age at presentation was 48 years. Most of the cases showed Nottingham Modification of Scarff Bloom-Richardson (NMBR) grade 3 (55.9%) and stage II (67.6%). Ly-mph node metastasis was seen in 50% of cases. Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (not otherwise specified) type (91.2%) was the most common histological type. Among the other subtypes, Luminal A carcinoma was the most common (36.1%), followed by TNBC (31.5%) and HER2/neu positive carcinomas (28.7%). Compared to the other types of tumours, TNBC showed the most frequent distant lymph node metastasis (50%) when compared to luminal A (38.5%), luminal B (25%), HER2/neu positive (48.4%). Unlike the other types of tumours, TNBC were mostly high-grade. Conclusion TNBC have an aggressive behaviour compared to other subtypes with higher NMBR grade, nuclear pleomorphism, high mitotic rate and lymph node metastasis. PMID:28273970

  18. Ki-67 proliferation index and clinicopathological patterns in colorectal carcinomas

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    Bhagya Lakshmi A

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background : Tumour, Node, Metastasis (TNM staging system provides useful prognostic information in patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC. An improved prognostication and patient survival may be achieved by employing immunohistochemistry studies with proliferation markers like Ki-67. Materials and methods: We prospectively studied 51 patients with CRC and evaluated the clinicopathological patterns of CRC and the relationship of with the clinicopathological variables Results: Their mean age was 48 (range 17-75 years; majority (64.7% were males. Rectum was the most common subsite affected (45.1%. Histopathologically most of the tumours (86.3% were usual type adenocarcinomas and were of grade 1 morphology (51%. The Ki-67 proliferation index (PI ranged from 8.4% to 84.4%. The mean PI was greater in patients aged less than or equal to 50 years than in those aged above 50 years, in males than females, in rectal cancers than colonic cancers. It was greater in mucinous carcinomas than usual type adenocarcinomas, in grade 3 tumours than lower grade tumours (grades 1 and 2 and in T4 than T3 and T2 tumours. There was a significant positive correlation between the PI values and grade of the tumour. Conclusion: We concluded that Ki-67 proliferation marker may be useful as an additional tool to assess the tumour aggressiveness with respect to certain clinicopathological parameters in colorectal carcinomas.

  19. ANALYSIS OF TUMOUR LENGTH AND CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES IN CARCINOMA OESOPHAGUS

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    Pampanagouda

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Even with multidisciplinary team approach, the prognosis of Oesophageal Cancer (EC has not significantly changed. Studies are required to explore the other prognostic factors, which might alter the outcome. Our study aims at correlating the oesophageal tumour length with stage of the disease and analyse the clinicopathological features. METHODS 150 patients with oesophageal carcinoma (ca who underwent curative surgery without neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy are included in the study. Formalin fixed oesophageal tumour length was measured. Tumour length was analysed with respect to overall stage, T stage and N stage of the disease. Clinicopathological characteristics were studied. RESULTS From our study correlating tumour length with stage and lymph node involvement, it is observed that there is no linear association with stage of the disease. Squamous cell carcinoma is the predominant histology and lower third was the site most affected. Even though most of the patients still present at an advanced stage, patients with adenocarcinoma presented earlier than squamous cell carcinoma patients. CONCLUSION As there is no proportionate increase in stage of disease with increase in length of tumour, oesophageal tumour length may not be an appropriate prognostic factor. Further well planned studies might bring more evidence on this aspect with respect to impact of tumour length on survival.

  20. Correlations of microvascular blood flow of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and HGF/c-Met signaling pathway with clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

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    Zhuang, Peng-Hui; Xu, Lei; Gao, Lu; Lu, Wei; Ruan, Li-Tao; Yang, Jin

    2017-01-01

    The study is designed to explore the correlations of microvascular blood flow of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/c-Met signaling pathway with clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). One hundred and eighteen patients pathologically diagnosed as primary HCC were selected. All HCC patients underwent CEUS examination before operation. HCC tissues and adjacent normal tissue specimens were obtained to detect the protein rates of HGF and c-Met expressions by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expressions of HGF and c-Met were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chase reaction assay. The microvessel density (MVD) was tested by CD34 immunohistochemistry. Compared with liver parenchyma, the HCC lesions had higher MVD, preoperative peak intensity (PI), area under the curve (AUC), lower preoperative time to peak (TTP), and washout time (WOT). Compared with adjacent normal tissues, the protein and mRNA expressions of HGF were reduced in HCC tissues, but the protein and mRNA expressions of c-Met and MVD were increased. The protein expressions of HGF and c-Met exhibited evident correlations with TNM stage, tumor size, vascular invasion, liver cirrhosis, and hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection of HCC patients. The tumor size and number, vascular invasion, the protein expressions of HGF and c-Met, and MVD were associated with the TTP, PI, WOT, and AUC of CEUS in HCC patients. The protein expressions of HGF and c-Met, MVD and preoperative PI revealed negative associations with the prognosis of HCC patients. In conclusion, quantitative parameters of CEUS and HGF/c-Met signaling pathway-related proteins may be helpful for early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of HCC patients.

  1. A CASE STUDY ON EPIDEMIOLOGY, CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL, CLINICO-RADIOLOGICAL CORRELATION, MANAGEMENT AND FOLLOW UP OF CARCINOMA BREAST

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    Venkata Reddy

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Breast carcinoma is the most common malignant tumour and the leading cause of death in women worldwide. It accounts for 15% of all cancer deaths in women. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, approximately 70% of breast cancers occur in women with none of the known risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study population comprised patients of carcinoma breast attending to surgical op and admitted in surgical units 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 at Government General Hospital, Kakinada during November 2013 to November 2015. RESULTS Most common in females, breast lump is most common presentation, increased incidence in postmenopausal women, urban population has a higher incidence, upper outer quadrant is most commonly involved. CONCLUSION In our study, higher incidence is found in 5 th decade, mostly in postmenopausal women from urban areas, most commonly located in upper outer quadrant.

  2. Clinicopathologic and prognostic implications of progranulin in breast carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li-qin; HUANG Hui-lian; PING Jin-liang; WANG Xiao-hong; ZHONG Jing; DAI Li-cheng

    2011-01-01

    Background Progranulin is a newly discovered 88-kDa glycoprotein originally purified from the highly tumorigenic mouse teratoma-derived cell line PC. Its expression is closely correlated with the development and metastasis of several cancers. However, no immunohistochemical evidence currently exists to correlate progranulin expression with clinicopathologic features in breast carcinoma biopsies, and the role of progranulin as a new marker of metastatic risk and prognosis in breast cancer has not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic and prognostic implications of progranulin expression in breast carcinoma and its correlation with tumor angiogenesis. Methods Progranulin expression was determined immunohistochemically in 183 surgical specimens from patients with breast cancer and 20 tissue samples from breast fibroadenomas. The tumor angiogenesis-related biomarker, vascular endothelial growth factor was assayed and microvessel density was assessed by counting vascular endothelial cells in tumor tissues labeled with endoglin antibody. The relationship between progranulin expression and the clinicopathologic data were analyzed.Results Progranulin proteins were overexpressed in breast cancer. The level of progranulin expression was significantly correlated with tumor size (P=0.004), lymph node metastasis (P <0.001) and TNM staging (P <0.001). High progranulin expression was associated with higher tumor angiogenesis, reflected by increased vascular endothelial growth factor expression (P<0.001) and higher microvessel density (P=0.002).Conclusion Progranulin may be a valuable marker for assessing the metastasis and prognosis of breast cancer, and could provide the basis for new combination regimens with antiangiogenic activity.

  3. Her2/neu Protein Expression and Oncogene Amplification in Gastric Carcinoma with Clinico-Pathological Correlation in Egyptian Patients

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    Ahmed Abdel Hadi

    2016-09-01

    CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the necessity of FISH test for further categorization when gastric cancer cases are equivocal (2+ by IHC to determine eligibility for the targeted therapy. Stepwise increase in the expression of Her2/neu was seen in low-grade dysplasia, high-grade dysplasia and carcinoma cases implying its role in cancer evolution. Overexpression of Her 2/neu in GC patients can be promising in selecting those who can get benefit from anti-Her2/neu target therapy.

  4. CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF RER+ COLORECTAL CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ning; DING Yan-Qing; XU LI; Qiu Hong-ming

    1999-01-01

    Objective: Replication errors (RER) is related to initiation and development of colorectal carcinoma (CRC).To investigate the different biological behavior of RER+ and RER- CRC. Methods: Silver staining PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and denatured polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis methods were used to detect microsatellite instability (MSI) at 4 loci on chromosome 2, 5, 17 in paraffin-embedded specimens of 60 colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and their paired normal tissue.RER+ was scored if 2 or more loci behaved as gaining extra bands. Results: The results showed that RER+ was found in 19/60 CRC, among which 7 cases had a family history.According to the criteria of Amsterdam, 4 were diagnosed as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), and of which 3 cases were RER+. The ratio RER+ in HNPCC (75%) was significantly higher than that among sporadic CRC (28.5%). Most of the RER+ CRC have the feature of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (P<0.01), the tendency to involve the right side of the colon (P<0.05), a higher proportion with a family history (P<0.05), Duckes' A and B stage (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results indicated that RER+ is a relatively common molecular event in CRC.There are different clinico-pathological features and behavior between RER+ and RER- CPC.

  5. Salivary and Serum Interleukin-6 Levels in Oral Premalignant Disorders and Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Diagnostic Value and Clinicopathologic Correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dineshkumar, Thayalan; Ashwini, Balakuntla Krishnamurthy; Rameshkumar, Annasamy; Rajashree, Padmanaban; Ramya, Ramadas; Rajkumar, Krishnan

    2016-11-01

    Aim: To assess the diagnostic utility of serum and salivary interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels in the differential diagnosis of potentially malignant lesions and conditions (PMLs/PMCs) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in a high oral cancer prevalence region. Methods: After appropriate ethical clearance and informed consent, salivary and blood samples were collected from 100 participants in each group (OSCC, PMLs, and healthy controls). Serum and salivary IL-6 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and data were subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. Results: Significant differences in IL-6 concentration were noted between OSCC and PML/C patients in both serum and saliva, with salivary levels being 2 to 3 fold higher than serum values in all the groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated 96% specificity and 99% sensitivity for salivary IL-6 in differentiating PML from OSCC. Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that the pro-inflammatory cytokine, IL-6, is elevated in the saliva of patients with OSSC compared to PMD and controls, and thus may prove to have diagnostic and/or prognostic significance.

  6. Protein expression and methylation of MGMT, a DNA repair gene and their correlation with clinicopathological parameters in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asiaf, Asia; Ahmad, Shiekh Tanveer; Malik, Ajaz Ahmad; Aziz, Shiekh Aejaz; Rasool, Zubaida; Masood, Akbar; Zargar, Mohammad Afzal

    2015-08-01

    Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation are being increasingly recognized to play an important role in cancer and may serve as a cancer biomarker. The aim of this study was to evaluate the promoter methylation status of MGMT (O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) and a possible correlation with the expression of MGMT and standard clinicopathological parameters in invasive ductal breast carcinoma patients (IDC) of Kashmir. Methylation-specific PCR was carried out to investigate the promoter methylation status of MGMT in breast tumors paired with the corresponding normal tissue samples from 128 breast cancer patients. The effect of promoter methylation on protein expression in the primary breast cancer and adjacent normal tissues was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (n = 128) and western blotting (n = 30). The frequency of tumor hypermethylation was 39.8 % and a significant difference in methylation frequency among breast tumors were found (p MGMT in 68/128 (53.1 %) tumors. MGMT promoter methylation mediated gene silencing was associated with loss of its protein expression (rs = -0.285, p = 0.001, OR = 3.38, 95 % CI = 1.59-7.17). A significant correlation was seen between loss of MGMT and lymph node involvement (p = 0.030), tumor grade (p MGMT methylation was found to be associated with tumor grade (p = 0.011), tumor stage (p = 0.009), and loss of ER (p = 0.003) and PR receptors (p = 0.009). To our knowledge, our findings, for the first time, in Kashmiri population, indicate that MGMT is aberrantly methylated in breast cancer and promoter hypermethylation could be attributed to silencing of MGMT gene expression in breast cancer. Our data suggests that MGMT promoter hypermethylation could have a potential function as molecular biomarker of breast oncogenesis. Also, based on their predictive value of response to therapy, the immunohistochemical evaluation and interpretation of MGMT may also help in future to

  7. Comethylation of p16 and MGMT genes in colorectal carcinoma: Correlation with clinicopathological features and prognostic value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Koviljka Krtolica; Milena Krajnovic; Slavica Usaj-Knezevic; Dragan Babic; Dusan Jovanovic; Bogomir Dimitrijevic

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the significance of p16 and O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) genes promoter hypermethylation and K-ras mutations on colorectal tumorigenesis and progression.METHODS: p16 and MGMT methylation status was examined on 47 tumor samples, and K-ras mutational status was examined on 85 tumor samples. For methylation analysis, a methylation specific PCR (MS-PCR)method was used.RESULTS: p16 and MGMT promoter methylation was found in 51% (24/47) and 43% (20/47) of CRCs,respectively, and the K-ras mutation was found in 44%(37/85) of CRCs. Comethylation ofp16 and MGMT genes was significantly associated with lower aggressiveness of the disease within a two-year period of observation.Only 27% of patients with simultaneous p16 and MGMT methylation showed the detectible occurrence of metastasis and/or death, compared to 67% of patients without double methylation or with no methylation (3/11vs 22/33, P < 0.05, x2-test). In addition, p16 and MGMT comethylation showed a trend toward an association with longer survival in patients with CRCs (35.5 ± 6.0 movs 23.1 ± 3.2 mo, P = 0.072, Log-rank test). Progression of the disease within a two-year period was observed in 66% of patients carrying the K-ras mutation, compared to only 19% of patients with wild type K-ras (29/44 vs7/37, P < 0.001, x2-test). The presence of the K-ras mutation significantly correlated to shortened overall survival (20.0 ± 1.9 mo vs 37.0 ± 1.8 mo, P < 0.001, Logrank test). The comethylation of p16 and MGMT genes was significantly associated with lower aggressiveness of the disease even when K-ras mutations were included in the analysis as an independent variable.CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that comethylation of promoters of p16 and MGMT genes could have a prognostic value in patients with CRC. Specifically,concurrent methylation of both genes correlates with better prognosis.

  8. Clinicopathological correlation of acquired hypopigmentary disorders

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    Anisha B Patel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acquired hypopigmentary disorders comprise a significant group of disorders that affect Indians and Asians. The pigment disturbance in darker skin individuals can be very distressing to the patient and the family. These disorders cover a wide array of pathologies including infections, autoimmune processes, lymphoproliferative disorders, and sclerosing diseases. Histological diagnosis is particularly important because treatments for these diseases are varied and specific. This review will focus on histopathological diagnosis based on clinicopathological correlation for commonly encountered disorders such as leprosy, vitiligo, lichen sclerosus, pityriasis alba (PA, and pityriasis versicolor (PV. Atypical or uncommon clinical presentation of classic diseases such as hypopigmented mycosis fungoides (HMF and hypopigmented sarcoidosis are also included.

  9. Association of ezrin expression in intestinal and diffuse gastric carcinoma with clinicopathological parameters and tumor type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nebil Bal; Sedat Yildirim; Tarik Z Nursal; Filiz Bolat; Fazilet Kayaselcuk

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the correlation between ezrin expression and types of gastric carcinoma and clinicopathological variables.METHODS: We examined ezrin protein expression in 75 gastric carcinoma (53 intestinal types of adenocarcinoma, 22 diffuse types of carcinoma) tissues by immunohistochemistry. The results were compared with clinicopathological parameters such as tumor type,grade of tumor, clinical stage, presence of metastatic lymph node, and depth of invasion.RESULTS: Ezrin immunostaining was positive in 43 cases (81.1%) of intestinal type and in 9 (40.9%) cases of diffuse type adenocarcinomas (P<0.001). In gastric carcinomas, the expression of ezrin protein correlated with the status of H pylori and survival. There was no correlation between expression of ezrin with TNM stage and histological grade of gastric carcinomas (P>0.05).CONCLUSION: The low expression of ezrin implicates the loss of adhesion in diffuse carcinomas. Furthermore,overexpression of ezrin in carcinomas with H pylori infection may be a genuine specific pathway in which H pylori may cause/initiate gastric carcinoma.

  10. Intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws: A clinicopathologic review. Part III: Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woolgar, J.A.; Triantafyllou, A.; Ferlito, A.; Devaney, K.O.; Lewis Jr., J.S.; Rinaldo, A.; Slootweg, P.J.; Barnes, L.

    2013-01-01

    This is the third part of a review of the clinicopathologic features of intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws (IOCJ). In parts 1 and 2, we discussed metastatic and salivary-type and odontogenic carcinomas, respectively. This part deals with primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma. Again, based on

  11. Relationship of Serum Interleukin-18 and Interleukin-12 Levels with Clinicopathology in Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NONG Shao-jun; WEN Duan-gai; FAN Cai-bin; OUYANG Jun

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum interleukin-18 and interleukin-12 levels and clinicopathology of renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 20 healthy volunteers and 60 patients with renal cell carcinoma before curative surgery. IL-12 and IL-18 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Mean serum IL-12 and IL-18 levels were significantly higher in patients with renal cell carcinoma compared with healthy volunteers (P<0.05) and mean serum IL-12 and IL-18 levels increased in patients as the pathologic stage progressed. A positive correlation was observed between serum IL-12 and IL-18 levels (P<0.05). In patients with renal cell carcinoma, increasing serum IL-12 and IL-18 levels correlated with pathological stage and Fuhrman grade. Conclusion: Serum IL-12 and IL-18 might be useful tumor markers in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

  12. Survivin Overexpression Is Associated with Aggressive Clinicopathological Features in Cervical Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ke-yan; Wang, Zhi-lian; Gu, Qian-yun; Hao, Min

    2016-01-01

    Objective Overexpression of survivin has been reported in many human tumors. However, the clinicopathological features associated with survivin overexpression in cervical carcinoma remain controversial. Thus, the current meta-analysis was performed to assess the clinicopathological significance of survivin in cervical carcinoma. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases were searched for relevant studies published through November 1, 2015. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the association between survivin expression and clinicopathological outcome in cervical carcinoma. Results Eleven eligible studies with a total of 865 patients were included. Survivin overexpression was closely related to lymph node metastasis (odds ratio [OR] = 0.679, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.509–0.905, P = 0.008) but was not significantly associated with tumor FIGO stage (I+II vs. III+IV) (OR = 0.843, 95% CI: 0.626–1.137, P = 0.264), tumor grade (G1+G2 vs. G3) (OR = 0.913, 95% CI: 0.689–1.210, P = 0.527), tumor size (>4 vs. ≤4 cm) (OR = 0.825, 95% CI: 0.434–1.570, P = 0.559), or stromal involvement (OR = 0.820, 95% CI: 0.545–1.233, P = 0.340). The correlation between survivin expression and overall survival was evaluated among a total of 238 patients from three eligible studies. The pooled HR was 1.129 (95% CI: 0.597–1.661; P = 0.000), indicating that survivin expression was significantly associated with poor survival in cervical carcinoma. Conclusions Based on the current meta-analysis, survivin is strongly associated with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. Additionally, survivin is a novel clinicopathological marker of cervical carcinoma and thus may be a therapeutic target for cervical carcinoma. PMID:27764228

  13. Intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws: A clinicopathologic review. part II: Odontogenic carcinomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woolgar, J.A.; Triantafyllou, A.; Ferlito, A.; Devaney, K.O.; Lewis Jr., J.S.; Rinaldo, A.; Slootweg, P.J.; Barnes, L.

    2013-01-01

    This is the second of a 3-part review of the clinicopathologic features of intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws (IOCJ). This part deals with odontogenic carcinomas, rare entities that are difficult to evaluate because of changes in classification/nomenclature, lack of standardized diagnostic criteria,

  14. Clinicopathological significance of SOX4 expression in primary gallbladder carcinoma

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    Wang Chengguo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim SOX4, as a member of the SRY-related HMG-box (SOX transcription factor family, has been demonstrated to be involved in tumorigenesis of many human malignancies; however, its role in primary gallbladder carcinoma (PGC is still largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate SOX4 expression in PGC and its prognostic significance. Methods From 1997 to 2006, 136 patients underwent resection for PGC. The median follow-up was 12.8 months. Immunostainings for SOX4 were performed on these archival tissues. The correlation of SOX4 expression with clinicopathological features including survival was analyzed. Results SOX4 was expressed in 75.0% (102/136 of PGC but not in the normal epithelium of the gallbladder. In addition, the over-expression of SOX4 was significantly associated with low histologic grade (P = 0.02, low pathologic T stage (P = 0.02, and early clinical stage (P = 0.03. The levels of SOX4 immunostainings in PGC tissues with positive nodal metastasis were also significantly lower than those without (P = 0.01. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier curves showed that SOX4 over-expression was significantly related to better overall (P = 0.008 and disease-free survival (P = 0.01. Furthermore, multivariate analyses showed that SOX4 expression was an independent risk factor for both overall (P = 0.03, hazard ratio, 3.682 and disease-free survival (P = 0.04, hazard ratio, 2.215. Conclusion Our data indicate for the first time that the over-expression of SOX4 in PGC was significantly correlated with favorable clinicopathologic features and was an independent prognostic factor for better overall and disease-free survival in patients. Therefore, SOX4 might be an auxiliary parameter for predicting malignant behavior for PGC. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1534825818694957.

  15. Dermopathy of Graves' disease: Clinico-pathological correlation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Sagili Vijaya Bhaskar; Gupta, Sushil Kumar; Jain, Manoj

    2012-05-01

    Dermopathy of Graves' disease is a classical, but uncommon extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease. The images of a typical case of dermopathy of Graves' disease are presented along with clinico-pathological correlation.

  16. Dermopathy of Graves′ disease: Clinico-pathological correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sagili Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dermopathy of Graves′ disease is a classical, but uncommon extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves′ disease. The images of a typical case of dermopathy of Graves′ disease are presented along with clinico-pathological correlation.

  17. Significance of clinicopathological correlation in psoriasis

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    Gopal Ambadasrao Pandit

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Psoriasis affects about 1.5% to 3% of world′s population. Other papulosquamous dermatoses are Pityriasis rosea, Lichen planus, Seborrheic dermatitis, Pityriasis rubra pilaris and Parapsoriasis. Drug eruptions, tinea corporis, and secondary syphilis may also have papulosquamous morphology. Because all papulosquamous disorders are characterized by scaling papules, clinical confusion may result during their diagnosis. Separation of each of these becomes important because the treatment and prognosis for each tends to be disease-specific. Aim: To study the pattern of clinical and histopathological features of psoriasis of the skin with clinicopathological correlation. Material and methods: The present study of 42 cases of psoriasis of the skin was carried out in the Department of Pathology of a tertiary care centre from December 2009 to October 2011. In this study, the patients which were clinically diagnosed as psoriasis of skin, before starting the treatment and attending the outdoor skin department were selected. Histopathological findings were interpreted in light of clinical details. Results: Out of 42 cases of psoriasis 24 (57.14% were males, 18 (42.86% were females with male to female ratio of 1.33:1. Mean age was 34.45 years. Maximum number of cases 22 (52.38% were encountered in 3rd and 4th decade of life. Histopathological findings: parakeratosis, acanthosis, suprapapillary thinning, Munro microabscesses and hypogranulosis were noted in most of the cases. Conclusion: Histopathology serves as a diagnostic tool and rules out other lesions which mimic psoriasis. The most accurate diagnosis is the one that most closely correlates with clinical outcome and helps to direct the most appropriate clinical intervention.

  18. Clinicopathological correlates of pediatric head and neck cancer

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    Sengupta Subhabrata

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : The spectrum of head and neck tumors in children continues to be the cause of diverse, diagnostically challenging issues. Aims : To demonstrate and compare the unique clinicopathological features in our study population and their correlations with the final histopathological diagnosis. Methods : Fifty-three children with head and neck cancer were examined thoroughly at the Otorhinolaryngology department in a tertiary care teaching hospital followed by histopathological studies. Results : Lymphomas were the most common malignant lesions seen followed by rhabdomyosarcomas, nasopharyngeal carcinomas, and others like thyroid carcinomas and eosinophilic granulomas. In the neck, the commonest cause of primary malignant disease was lymphoma; however, the most frequent lesion was reactive lymphadenitis. In the sinonasal region, the commonest malignancy was rhabdomyosarcoma, which often had extension to the orbit and the face. Recurrent epistaxis was found universally in the malignant cases of this region. In the facial region, disfiguring swelling with proptosis was mainly caused by rhabdomyosarcoma. The only case of tonsillar malignancy was due to non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The duration of disease was less than 1 year. Conclusion : The most common manifestation of the malignant lesions in the pediatric age group was with a history of an enlarging, painless neck swelling. Still, an insignificant lump in the neck or recurrent bleeding from nose may be the manifestation of an underlying cancer.

  19. ANTIBODIES TO HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE-16 E7 RELATED TO CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL DATA IN PATIENTS WITH CERVICAL-CARCINOMA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BAAY, MFD; DUK, JM; BURGER, MPM; WALBOOMERS, J; TERSCHEGGET, J; GROENIER, KH; DEBRUIJN, HWA; STOLZ, E; HERBRINK, P

    1995-01-01

    Aims-To investigate the correlation between antibodies to the transforming protein E7 of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 and clinicopathological indices in women with cervical squamous carcinoma. Methods-A synthetic peptide of the HPV type 16 E7 protein (amino acids 6 to 35) was used to screen se

  20. Antibodies to human papillomavirus type 16 E7 related to clinicopathological data in patients with cervical carcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.F.D. Baay (Marc); J.M. Duk; M.P.M. Burger; J. Walboomers; J. ter Schegget; K.H. Groenier; H.W. de Bruijn; E. Stolz (Ernst); P. Herbrink (Paul)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractAIMS--To investigate the correlation between antibodies to the transforming protein E7 of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 and clinicopathological indices in women with cervical squamous carcinoma. METHODS--A synthetic peptide of the HPV type 16 E7 protein (amino acid

  1. Clinicopathologic significance of BAG1 and TIMP3 expression in colon carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To explore the expression of BAG1 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 (TIMP3) in colon carcinoma and their correlation and clinicopathologic significance.METHODS: SABC immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of BAG1 and TIMP3 in 80 colon carcinoma tissues and 20 normal colonic mucosa.RESULTS: Positive rate of BAG1 in colon carcinoma tissue (80%) was notably higher compared to normal colonic mucosa (10%) (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in positive rate of TIMP3 in colon carcinoma tissue (43.75%) as compared with normal colonic mucosa (60%) (P > 0.05).Expression of BAG1 and TIMP3 was strongly associated with colon carcinoma differentiation, Duke's staging,lymph node metastasis and survival rate (P < 0.05), but not associated with gender and age. Moreover, BAG1 expression was not correlated with TIMP3.CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that over-expression of BAG1 or attenuated expression of TIMP3 may play an important role in genesis and development of colon carcinoma. The protein expression levels of BAG1 and TIMP3 are related to the malignant degree, infiltration and metastasis of colon carcinoma. BAG1 and TIMP3 might be new biological parameters in predicting invasion and metastasis of colon carcinoma.

  2. Cutaneous vasculitides: Clinico-pathological correlation

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    Gupta Suruchi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cutaneous vasculitis presents as a mosaic of clinical and histological findings. Its pathogenic mechanisms and clinical manifestations are varied. Aims: To study the epidemiological spectrum of cutaneous vasculitides as seen in a dermatologic clinic and to determine the clinico-pathological correlation. Methods: A cohort study was conducted on 50 consecutive patients clinically diagnosed as cutaneous vasculitis in the dermatology outdoor; irrespective of age, sex and duration of the disease. Based on the clinical presentation, vasculitis was classified according to modified Gilliam′s classification. All patients were subjected to a baseline workup consisting of complete hemogram, serum-creatinine levels, serum-urea, liver function tests, chest X-ray, urine (routine and microscopic examination besides antistreptolysin O titer, Mantoux test, cryoglobulin levels, antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies and hepatitis B and C. Histopathological examination was done in all patients while immunofluorescence was done in 23 patients. Results: Out of a total of 50 patients diagnosed clinically as cutaneous vasculitis, 41 were classified as leukocytoclastic vasculitis, 2 as Heinoch−Schonlein purpura, 2 as urticarial vasculitis and one each as nodular vasculitis, polyarteritis nodosa and pityriasis lichenoid et varioliforme acuta. Approximately 50% of the patients had a significant drug history, 10% were attributed to infection and 10% had positive collagen workup without any overt manifestations, while 2% each had Wegener granulomatosis and cryoglobulinemia. No cause was found in 26% cases. Histopathology showed features of vasculitis in 42 patients. Only 23 patients could undergo direct immunofluorescence (DIF, out of which 17 (73.9% were positive for vasculitis. Conclusions: Leukocytoclastic vasculitis was the commonest type of vaculitis presenting to the dermatology outpatient department. The workup of patients with cutaneous vasculitis

  3. Correlation of integrin β3 mRNA and vascular endothelial growth factor protein expression profiles with the clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu-Guang Li; Zai-Yuan Ye; Zhong-Sheng Zhao; Hou-Quan Tao; Yuan-Yu Wang; Chun-Yu Niu

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To investigate integrin 133 mRNA and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein expression in gastric carcinoma, and its correlation with microvascular density, growth-pattern, invasion, metastasis and prognosis. METHODS: In situ hybridization(ISH) of integrin β3 mRNA and immunohistochemistry of VEGF and CD34 protein were performed on samples from 118 patients with gastric cancer. RESULTS: The positive rate of integrin 133 mRNA in non- tumor gastric mucosa (20%) was significantly lower than that of the gastric cancer tissue (52.5%, x2 = 10.20, P < 0.01). In patients of infiltrating type, stage T3-T4, vessel invasion, lymphatic metastasis, hepatic or peritoneal metastasis, the positive expression rates of integrin β3 mRNA were significantly higher than those in patients of expanding type (P < 0.01), stage T1-T2 (P < 0.01), non-vessel invasion (P < 0.01), without lymphatic metastasis (P < 0.01), without hepatic and peritoneal metastasis (P < 0.01), respectively. In patients of infiltrating type, stage T3-T4, vessel invasion, lymphatic metastasis, hepatic or peritoneal metastasis, the positive expression rates of VEGF protein were significantly higher than those in patients of expanding type (P < 0.01), stage T1-T2 (P < 0.01), non-vessel invasion (P < 0.01), without lymphatic metastasis (P < 0.01), without hepatic and peritoneal metastasis (P < 0.01), respectively. In patients of infiltrating type, stage T3-T4, vessel invasion, lymphatic metastasis, hepatic or peritoneal metastasis, the mean MVD were significantly higher than those in patients of expanding type (P < 0.01), stage T1-T2 (P < 0.01), non-vessel invasion (P < 0.01), without lymphatic metastasis (P < 0.01), without hepatic and peritoneal metastasis (P < 0.01), respectively. It was found that the positive expression rate of integrin β3 mRNA was positively related to that of VEGF protein (P < 0.01) and MVD (P < 0.05), meanwhile the positive expression rate of

  4. Clinicopathologic features and outcomes following surgery for pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma

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    Hwang Tsann-Long

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pancreatic adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC is a rare pancreatic malignancy subtype. We investigated the clinicopathological features and outcome of pancreatic ASC patients after surgery. Methods The medical records of 12 patients with pancreatic ASC undergoing surgical treatment (1993 to 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Survival data of patients with stage IIB pancreatic adenocarcinoma and ASC undergoing surgical resection were compared. Results Symptoms included abdominal pain (91.7%, body weight loss (83.3%, anorexia (41.7% and jaundice (25.0%. Tumors were located at pancreatic head in 5 (41.7% patients, tail in 5 (41.7%, and body in 4 (33.3%. Median tumor size was 6.3 cm. Surgical resection was performed on 7 patients, bypass surgery on 3, and exploratory laparotomy with biopsy on 2. No surgical mortality was identified. Seven (58.3% and 11 (91.7% patients died within 6 and 12 months of operation, respectively. Median survival of 12 patients was 4.41 months. Seven patients receiving surgical resection had median survival of 6.51 months. Patients with stage IIB pancreatic ASC had shorter median survival compared to those with adenocarcinoma. Conclusion Aggressive surgical management does not appear effective in treating pancreatic ASC patients. Strategies involving non-surgical treatment such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy or target agents should be tested.

  5. Clinicopathological significance of loss of heterozygosity and microsatellite instability in hepatocellular carcinoma in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu-Hui Zhang; Wen-Ming Cong; Zhi-Hong Xian; Meng-Chao Wu

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To determine the features of microsatellite alterations and their association with clinicopathological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MSI) of 55 microsatellite loci were detected with PCR-based microsatellite polymorphism analyses in tumors and corresponding noncancerous liver tissues of 56 surgically resected HCCs using the MegaBACE 500 automatic DNA analysis system.RESULTS: LOH was found in 44 of 56 HCCs (78.6%) at one or several loci. Frequencies of LOH on 1p, 4q, 8p,16q, and 17p were 69.6% (39/56), 71.4% (40/56), 66.1% (37/56), 66.1% (37/56), and 64.3% (36/56), respectively. MSI was found in 18 of 56 HCCs (32.1%) at one or several loci. Ten of fifty-six (17.9%) HCCs had MSI-H. Serum HBV infection, alpha-fetoprotein concentration, tumor size, cirrhosis, histological grade, tumor capsule, as well as tumor intrahepatic metastasis, might be correlated with LOH on certain chromosome regions. CONCLUSION: Frequent microsatellite alterations exist in HCC. LOH, which represents a tumor suppressor gene pathway, plays a more important role in hepatocarcinogenesis. MSI, which represents a mismatch repair genepathway, is a rare event during liver carcinogenesis. Furthermore, LOH on certain chromosome regions may be correlated with clinicopathological characteristics in HCC.

  6. Automated Quantitative Analysis of p53, Cyclin D1, Ki67 and pERK Expression in Breast Carcinoma Does Not Differ from Expert Pathologist Scoring and Correlates with Clinico-Pathological Characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cass, Jamaica D. [Division of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Cancer Research Institute, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Varma, Sonal [Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Day, Andrew G. [Kingston General Hospital, Kingston K7L 2V7 (Canada); Sangrar, Waheed [Division of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Cancer Research Institute, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Rajput, Ashish B. [Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Raptis, Leda H.; Squire, Jeremy [Division of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Cancer Research Institute, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Madarnas, Yolanda [Department of Oncology, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); SenGupta, Sandip K. [Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Elliott, Bruce E., E-mail: elliottb@queensu.ca [Division of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Cancer Research Institute, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada); Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston K7L 3N6 (Canada)

    2012-07-18

    There is critical need for improved biomarker assessment platforms which integrate traditional pathological parameters (TNM stage, grade and ER/PR/HER2 status) with molecular profiling, to better define prognostic subgroups or systemic treatment response. One roadblock is the lack of semi-quantitative methods which reliably measure biomarker expression. Our study assesses reliability of automated immunohistochemistry (IHC) scoring compared to manual scoring of five selected biomarkers in a tissue microarray (TMA) of 63 human breast cancer cases, and correlates these markers with clinico-pathological data. TMA slides were scanned into an Ariol Imaging System, and histologic (H) scores (% positive tumor area x staining intensity 0–3) were calculated using trained algorithms. H scores for all five biomarkers concurred with pathologists’ scores, based on Pearson correlation coefficients (0.80–0.90) for continuous data and Kappa statistics (0.55–0.92) for positive vs. negative stain. Using continuous data, significant association of pERK expression with absence of LVI (p = 0.005) and lymph node negativity (p = 0.002) was observed. p53 over-expression, characteristic of dysfunctional p53 in cancer, and Ki67 were associated with high grade (p = 0.032 and 0.0007, respectively). Cyclin D1 correlated inversely with ER/PR/HER2-ve (triple negative) tumors (p = 0.0002). Thus automated quantitation of immunostaining concurs with pathologists’ scoring, and provides meaningful associations with clinico-pathological data.

  7. Warty carcinoma of the penis: A clinicopathological study from South India

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    Marie Therese Manipadam; Suresh Kumar Bhagat; Ganesh Gopalakrishnan; Kekre, Nitin S.; Ninan K Chacko; Samuel Prasanna

    2013-01-01

    Aims: There are few studies on the pathology of warty carcinoma (WC) of the penis and these have been from South America. Penile cancers are not uncommon in India. We reviewed the frequency of subtypes of penile squamous carcinoma (SC) and the pathological features and outcome of WC when compared to squamous carcinoma-not otherwise specified (SC-NOS). We also compared the clinicopathological features of WC in our series with those published earlier. Materials and Methods: We studied 103 ...

  8. Clinicopathological significance of the CRTC3-MAML2 fusion transcript in mucoepidermoid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Takahisa; Miyabe, Satoru; Okabe, Mitsukuni; Sakuma, Hidenori; Ijichi, Kei; Hasegawa, Yasuhisa; Nagatsuka, Hitoshi; Shimozato, Kazuo; Inagaki, Hiroshi

    2009-12-01

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most common primary malignancy of the salivary gland. We and others showed that CRTC1-MAML2 gene fusion was associated with favorable clinicopathological tumor features. Recently, a novel gene fusion, CRTC3-MAML2, was reported as a rare gene alteration in a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma. However, its frequency and clinicopathological significance remains unclear. In all, 101 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma and 89 cases of non-mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary gland were analyzed, and RNA was extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens. In the CRTC family, there have been three genes, CRTC1, CRTC2, and CRTC3. We developed reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays for CRTC1-MAML2, CRTC2-MAML2, and CRTC3-MAML2 fusions. Clinicopathological data of the patients were obtained from their clinical records. Of 101 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 34 (34%) and 6 (6%) were positive for CRTC1-MAML2 and CRTC3-MAML2 fusion transcripts. However, in the 89 cases of non-mucoepidermoid carcinoma, neither transcript was noted. In the former cases, CRTC1-MAML2 and CRTC3-MAML2 fusions were mutually exclusive. The other fusion, CRTC2-MAML2, was not detected. We confirmed that the clinicopathological features of CRTC1-MAML2-positive mucoepidermoid carcinomas indicated an indolent course. CRTC3-MAML2-positive mucoepidermoid carcinomas also had clinicopathologically favorable features; all cases showed a less advanced clinical stage, negative nodal metastasis, no high-grade tumor histology, and no recurrence or tumor-related death after surgical resection of the tumor. It is interesting to note that patients with CRTC3-MAML2-positive tumors (mean 36 years of age) were significantly younger that those with the CRTC1-MAML2 fusion (55 years) and those with fusion-negative tumors (58 years). In conclusion, CRTC3-MAML2 fusion, which is mutually exclusive with CRTC1-MAML2 fusion and specific to mucoepidermoid

  9. Clinicopathological significance of STAT4 in hepatocellular carcinoma and its effect on cell growth and apoptosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li JJ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Jianjun Li,1,* Lu Liang,2,* Yongru Liu,2 Yihuan Luo,2 Xiaona Liang,2 Dianzhong Luo,2 Zhenbo Feng,2 Yiwu Dang,2 Lihua Yang,3 Gang Chen2 1Department of General Surgery, Western Branch, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Medical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Recent studies showed that signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4 was downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC tissues. However, the role of STAT4 in HCC is still unknown. The aim of this study is to explore the association between STAT4 expression and other clinicopathological features in HCC and to test the effect of STAT4 on cell growth and apoptosis in vitro.Methods: STAT4 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 171 HCC and corresponding paraneoplastic liver, 37 cirrhosis, and 33 normal liver tissues. Association between STAT4 and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Meta-analysis on STAT4 in cancer was performed. The effect of STAT4 small interfering RNA (siRNA on cell growth and cell apoptosis was also detected.Results: Positive rate of STAT4 was 29.2% (50/171 in HCC tissues, 53.2% (91/171 in paraneoplastic liver tissues, 64.9% (24/37 in cirrhosis tissues, and 72.7% (24/33 in normal liver tissues. STAT4 was upregulated in younger patients who were female, with single tumor node, early TNM stage, without portal vein tumor embolus, and α-fetoprotein (AFP-positive tumors compared with the groups comprising older patients, males, and those with multiple tumor nodes, advanced TNM stage, with portal vein tumor embolus, and AFP negative tumors. Meta-analysis showed STAT4 was correlated with TNM stage (OR =0.50, 95% CI =0.30, 0.83, P=0.008 and age (OR =0.58, 95

  10. Clinico-pathological features of bladder carcinoma in women in Pakistan and smokeless tobacco as a possible risk factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafique Muhammad

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bladder carcinoma is one of the common urological malignancies occurring worldwide in both sexes. Use of smokeless tobacco by women is common in rural areas of Pakistan. The clinico-pathological features of bladder carcinoma in women and association of smokeless tobacco as a possible risk factor for bladder carcinoma has not been well described in the literature. The objective of the study was to determine the clinico-pathological features of histologically confirmed bladder carcinoma in women and to investigate the role of smokeless tobacco use as a possible risk factor for its development. Patients and methods Of the 204 patients (160 male and 44 female M:F ratio 3.6:1 of newly diagnosed bladder carcinoma treated at Nishtar Medical College Hospital Multan from January 1998 to December 2004, the 44 female patients were evaluated with respect to age, clinical presentation, cystoscopic findings, histopathological reports and possible etiological factors. Data were collected and prospectively updated at the time of discharge from hospital and during follow-up in urology out-patient clinic. Results Transitional cell carcinoma accounted for all of the bladder carcinoma in women. Median age of the patients was 55 years and 68% patients were under 60 years of age. Majority of patients (88% presented with hematuria. Eleven (25% patients had superficial (pTa/pT1 while 33 (75% patients had muscle invasive (T2–T4 bladder carcinoma. Most (81% superficial tumors were papillary while muscle invasive tumors had solid configuration at cystoscopy. Of these, 21 (47% patients had long history of smokeless tobacco use (chewable or moist snuff. Conclusion Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common bladder malignancy in women in Pakistan. Many women with bladder carcinoma had long history of use of smokeless tobacco. Majority of patients presented with hematuria and were under 60 years of age. At the time of diagnosis 75% women had muscle

  11. Clinicopathological significance of altered Notch signaling in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hyun Ah Yoon; Myung Hwan Noh; Byung Geun Kim; Ji Sun Han; Jin Seok Jang; Seok Ryeol Choi; Jin Sook Jeong; Jin Ho Chun

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the role and clinicopathological significance of aberrant expression of Notch receptors and Delta-like ligand-4 (DLL4) in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma.METHODS: One hundred and ten patients had surgically resected extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CC) and gallbladder carcinoma specimens examined by immunohistochemistry of available paraffin blocks. Immunohistochemistry was performed using anti-Notch receptors 1-4 and anti-DLL4 antibodies. We scored the immunopositivity of Notch receptors and DLL4 expression by percentage of positive tumor cells with cytoplasmic expression and intensity of immunostaining. Coexistent nuclear localization was evaluated. Clinicopathological parameters and survival data were compared with the expression of Notch receptors 1-4 and DLL4.RESULTS: Notch receptor proteins showed in the cytoplasm with or without nuclear expression in cancer cells, as well as showing weak cytoplasmic expression in non-neoplastic cells. By semiquantitative evaluation, positive immunostaining of Notch receptor 1 was detected in 96 cases (87.3%), Notch receptor 2 in 97 (88.2%), Notch receptor 3 in 97 (88.2%), Notch receptor 4 in 103 (93.6), and DLL4 in 84 (76.4%). In addition, coexistent nuclear localization was noted [Notch receptor 1; 18 cases (18.8%), Notch receptor 2; 40 (41.2%), Notch receptor 3; 32 (33.0%), Notch receptor 4; 99 (96.1%), DLL4; 48 (57.1%)]. Notch receptor 1 expression was correlated with advanced tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) stage (P = 0.043), Notch receptor 3 with advanced T stage (P = 0.017), tendency to express in cases with nodal metastasis (P = 0.065) and advanced TNM stage (P = 0.052). DLL4 expression tended to be related to less histological differentiation (P = 0.095). Coexistent nuclear localization of Notch receptor 3 was related to no nodal metastasis (P = 0.027) and Notch receptor 4 with less histological differentiation (P = 0.036), while DLL4 tended to be related inversely with T

  12. Clinicopathologic significance of HER-2/neu protein expression and gene amplification in gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Yan Yan; Ying Hu; Jian-Gao Fan; Guo-Quan Tao; Yong-Ming Lu; Xu Cai; Bao-Hua Yu; Yi-Qun Du

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To study the HER-2/neu protein expression and gene amplification in gastric carcinoma and their relation. METHODS: One hundred and forty-five formalin-fixed and paraffin- embedded tumor tissue samples from Chinese gastric carcinoma patients were studied with immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods. Clinicopathologic data about all patients were collected. RESULTS: The levels of HER-2 3+, HER-2 2+ and HER2 1+ were measurable in 6.9%, 8.3% and 17.2% of the samples, respectively. No HER-2 was stained in 67.6% of the samples. FISH showed that HER-2 gene was amplified in 18 samples, 10 HER-2 3+ samples, 5 HER-2 2+ samples, and 3 HER-2 1+ samples with IHC staining. HER-2 status was not correlated with the sex and age of patients, and tumor size, location or differentiation, but with the depth of invasion, TNM stage, lymph node and distant metastasis as well as histopathological classification of gastric cancer (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: All samples with IHC as HER-2 expression should be analyzed with FISH. Detection of HER-2 gene amplification can assess the malignant biological behaviors and prognosis of gastric cancer.

  13. Lymphangiogenesis in Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma - Preliminary Study with Clinicopathological Correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benharroch, Daniel; Prinsloo, Isebrand; Gopas, Jacob; Lazarev, Irena

    2016-01-01

    A role for lymphangiogenesis in metastatic breast and prostate cancers has been suggested recently. The relevance of lymphangiogenesis in cancer as a rule, and more specifically in classical Hodgkin lymphoma, is poorly understood in comparison with that of angiogenesis. In a preliminary (pilot) study we have investigated the role of lymphatic vessels growth in 19 cases of classical Hodgkin lymphoma stained with the D2-40 (podoplanin) antibody. In each case, three lymphatic vessels hot spots were scrutinized twice. Of the 57 hot spots thus identified, we chose 15 at random for photography, microvessel counting and image analysis. We determined the mean perimeter, surface area, major axis length and complexity factor for each hot spot and correlated them with clinical and biological features of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. No correlations were found with clinical features. No associations were noted with the standard immuno-markers of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. However, significant inverse correlations were shown with pRb, BAX and IκB-α expression. The mean lymphatic major axis length was inversely correlated with the complexity factor. Last, we carried out an additional clinicopathological correlation of the expression of pRb, BAX and IκB-α in a cohort of classical Hodgkin lymphoma patients previously published. PMID:27877228

  14. Enucleation and evisceration: indications, complications and clinicopathological correlations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali; Kord; Valeshabad; Masood; Naseripour; Rajab; Asghari; Seyed; Hamid; Parhizgar; Seyed; Ehsan; Parhizgar; Mohammad; Taghvaei; Shahin; Miri

    2014-01-01

    ·AIM: To assess main indications, postoperative complications and clinicopathological correlation of ocular enucleation-evisceration.·METHODS: A total of 107 subjects who underwent enucleation and/or evisceration and received hydroxyapatite implants(Scleral wrap or mesh) were assessed. For each patient clinicopathological data was collected which included demographic information,clinical history, primary clinical diagnosis, main cause of ophthalmic surgery(traumatic, non-traumatic), type of surgical procedure(enucleation, evisceration) and pathological report. Patients’ postoperative clinical visits were checked for procedure-related complications during first year after surgery.·RESULTS: One hundred and seven patients(male:65.4%; mean age: 26y) underwent enucleation(n=100) or evisceration(n =7) due to traumatic(n =41) and non-traumatic(n =66) causes. Disfiguring painful blind eye was the most common indication of surgery(66.4%),followed by leukocoria(19.6%) and endophthalmitis(4.7%). The main types of injury included firecracker,traffic and work accidents, and sharp object perforating injury. In 53(80.3%) subjects in non-traumatic group the initial clinical diagnosis matched the histopathologicalresults. Malignant tumors(retinoblastoma: 47.5%,malignant melanoma: 27.3%) were the most common pathological diagnoses followed by phthisis bulbi(25.8%).The most common procedure-related complications were major eye discharge(39.6%), and implant exposure and discharge(20.8%).·CONCLUSION: Trauma and malignant tumors are the leading causes of enucleation-evisceration. Despite developing new techniques and materials, enucleation is still associated with considerable postoperative complications.

  15. Hyalinizing cholecystitis and associated carcinomas: clinicopathologic analysis of a distinctive variant of cholecystitis with porcelain-like features and accompanying diagnostically challenging carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Samip; Roa, Juan Carlos; Tapia, Oscar; Dursun, Nevra; Bagci, Pelin; Basturk, Olca; Cakir, Asli; Losada, Hector; Sarmiento, Juan; Adsay, Volkan

    2011-08-01

    We describe a clinicopathologically distinct subtype of cholecystitis, the extensively calcific version of which has been presented in the clinical literature as "porcelain gallbladder (PG)." This cholecystitis, which we propose to refer to as hyalinizing cholecystitis (HC), is characterized by dense, paucicellular hyaline fibrosis transforming the gallbladder (GB) wall into a relatively thin and uniform band. The process diffusely effaces most of the normal structures of GB, and some cases show calcifications. To determine the clinicopathologic associations of HC, we systematically analyzed 4231 cholecystectomies (606 of which had carcinoma) histopathologically, in addition to a targeted search in our databases. Ninety-six cases of HC were identified (1.6% of cholecystectomies). Patients with HC were a decade older than ordinary cholecystitis patients (56 vs. 47; Pcholecystitis, HC with minimal or no calcifications (incomplete PG), is associated with invasive carcinoma. Thus, imaging protocols ought to focus on the correlates of HC rather than fixating on calcifications. Further studies into the pathogenesis of this process and its mechanisms of progression to carcinoma are warranted.

  16. 25. Clinicopathologic analysis on 13 823 carcinomas of esophagus and cardia in Chaoshan littoral of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Background: Chaoshan is the close region and Chaoshan people who came from old Changan and Henan thousands years ago are relative isolation population with high-risk of esophageal carcinoma (EC) and cardiac carcinoma(CC) in China. However there were no report about detail clinicopathologic data of cancer of esophagus and cardia in Chaoshan district before. Methods: The data of age, sex. ABO blood type and X-ray or pathological diagnosis of the patients with carcinoma of esophagus or cardia were collected from The tumor hospital. The First affiliated hospital, The Second affiliated hospital of Shantou University Medical College, the Center hospital of Shantou and the populalion hospital of Jieyang. In this study. Clinicopathologic data of 9 650 patients with EC and 4 173 patients with CC in Chaoshan population were analyzed. Results and Conclusion: The male to female ratio was 3∶1 in EC and 4.75∶1 in CC, indicating EC and CC was more common in the male than in the female. The average affected age of EC was 54.61 year old. CC was 58.14 year old. The most common affected site of esophageal carcinoma was the middle third of esophagus(72.00%); the second was the lower third (15.30%). The main gross type of esophageal carcinoma was ulcerative type (41.50%); the medullary type ranks second (39.60%). In histological types of EC, squamous cell carcinoma accounted for overwhelming majority(96.44%).

  17. Myoepithelial carcinoma of the orbit: a clinicopathological and histopathological study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tran, Thuy Linh; Broholm, H; Daugaard, Søren;

    2010-01-01

    Two cases of invasive myoepithelial carcinoma arising from the paranasal sinuses and invading the orbit are presented. Patient 1, a 53-year-old man, had a 3-month history of proptosis, pain and epiphora of the right eye. The second patient, a 24-year-old man, had for a week been complaining...... tonofilaments and desmosomes were present. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of myoepithelial carcinoma of mixed cell type in both cases was evident. Both patients died shortly after the diagnosis was made even though both underwent radical surgery. Myoepithelial carcinoma of the paranasal sinuses is very...... rare and only six cases have been reported previously. We present the first two cases of myoepithelial carcinoma in the paranasal sinuses with invasion of the orbit. This is also the first report of myoepithelial carcinoma arising in the ethmoidal sinus....

  18. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma in a Brazilian population: clinico-pathological analysis of 38 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariano, F V; Noronha, A L F; Gondak, R O; Altemani, A M de A M; de Almeida, O P; Kowalski, L P

    2013-06-01

    Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) is a rare tumour, with different prevalence rates reported among studies. Epidemiological studies of large series of CXPAs in developing countries are scarce. The aim of the present study was to describe Brazilian patients with CXPA; this was a retrospective study of 38 patients. Demographic and clinico-pathological features were evaluated. No preferential gender was found, and the mean age at diagnosis was 57.6 years. The most commonly involved site was the parotid, followed by the submandibular and the minor salivary glands. A prevalence of clinical stages III and IV was observed at diagnosis. The most common histological subtypes were salivary duct carcinoma, adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified, myoepithelial carcinoma, and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. Moreover, by invasive phase, most were frankly invasive carcinoma. Recurrence was observed in seven out of 24 patients with outcome information available, and all were invasive cases. All seven patients died of causes related to the disease. The distributions of cases according to age, gender, tumour location, and clinical stage were similar to those reported in the literature. Frankly invasive cases presented a worse prognosis. More information is needed to further our understanding of the clinico-pathological aspects of CXPA.

  19. Evaluation of renal lesions and clinicopathologic correlation in rheumatoid arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Periyasamy Muthukumar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The most common causes of renal disease in rheumatoid arthritis (RA are glomerulonephritis (GN, amyloidosis, tubulo-interstitial nephritis, and drug toxicity. Our aim was to evaluate the clinicopathologic correlation of renal lesions and to assess the course and prognosis of renal disease in patients with RA. We conducted a prospective observational study in all adult patients with RA between July 2010 and June 2015. The total number of patients studied was 90, with a female:male ratio of 2.3:1. Mean follow-up duration was 30 ± 6.5 months. About 54 patients (60% were asymptomatic. The most common symptom was edema legs (30%, followed by oliguria (10%. About 18 patients (20% presented with the nephrotic syndrome, 15 patients (16.6% with nephritic syndrome, and 30 (33% with asymptomatic urinary abnormalities. Chronic kidney disease (CKD was seen in 48 of 90 patients (53%.The most common renal pathology noted was mesangioproliferative GN followed by membranous nephropathy (MN. IgM with C3 deposits was the most common immunofluorescence pattern observed. Among the patients who had glomerular diseases, complete remission was seen in nine patients, partial remission in 15, and persistent proteinuria in 14. Duration of RA and a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate correlated significantly with persistent proteinuria. Only one patient in the glomerular disease group progressed to dialysis-dependent renal failure. On followup, 11 out of 48 CKD patients showed a significant decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate and worsened to the next stage of CKD. Renal disease in RA presents with varied renal pathology. MN was seen frequently and was not associated with gold or penicillamine usage. Relatively high incidence of CKD was noted. Hence, it is important to monitor renal function abnormalities periodically in these patients.

  20. Pilomatrix carcinoma presenting as an extra axial mass: clinicopathological features.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Aherne, Noel J

    2008-01-01

    Pilomatrix carcinoma is the rare malignant counterpart of pilomatrixoma, a skin adnexal tumour originating from hair matrix cells. Pilomatrix carcinoma can arise as a solitary lesion de novo, or through transformation of a pilomatrixoma. Pilomatrixoma was first described erroneously as being of sebaceous gland origin but was later discovered to be derived from hair matrix cells. They are rare, slow growing tumours of the skin found in the lower dermis and subcutaneous fat and are predominantly found in the neck and the scalp. While known to be locally aggressive, no malignant form was thought to exist until it was described relatively recently. Since then, approximately ninety cases of pilomatrix carcinoma have been reported.We report the case of a 41 year old mentally retarded male who had a longstanding lesion in the left neck for approximately fifteen years previously diagnosed as a pilomatrixoma. He presented with severe headache, falls and visual disturbance and a biopsy showed pilomatrix carcinoma of the occipital region which, on computed tomography ( CT ) invaded the occipital bone, the cerebellum and the left temporal lobe. At his initial presentation he had a craniotomy and subtotal excision of the lesion but received no adjuvant therapy. After an early intracranial recurrence he had further debulking and adjuvant external beam radiotherapy. He has had no further intracranial recurrence after three and a half years of follow-up. Here we present the pathological features of this uncommon tumour.

  1. Pilomatrix carcinoma presenting as an extra axial mass: clinicopathological features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gibbons David

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Pilomatrix carcinoma is the rare malignant counterpart of pilomatrixoma, a skin adnexal tumour originating from hair matrix cells. Pilomatrix carcinoma can arise as a solitary lesion de novo, or through transformation of a pilomatrixoma. Pilomatrixoma was first described erroneously as being of sebaceous gland origin but was later discovered to be derived from hair matrix cells. They are rare, slow growing tumours of the skin found in the lower dermis and subcutaneous fat and are predominantly found in the neck and the scalp. While known to be locally aggressive, no malignant form was thought to exist until it was described relatively recently. Since then, approximately ninety cases of pilomatrix carcinoma have been reported. We report the case of a 41 year old mentally retarded male who had a longstanding lesion in the left neck for approximately fifteen years previously diagnosed as a pilomatrixoma. He presented with severe headache, falls and visual disturbance and a biopsy showed pilomatrix carcinoma of the occipital region which, on computed tomography ( CT invaded the occipital bone, the cerebellum and the left temporal lobe. At his initial presentation he had a craniotomy and subtotal excision of the lesion but received no adjuvant therapy. After an early intracranial recurrence he had further debulking and adjuvant external beam radiotherapy. He has had no further intracranial recurrence after three and a half years of follow-up. Here we present the pathological features of this uncommon tumour.

  2. Clinicopathologic Observations on Small Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaolingWang; ShuongLiu; GuoxiangWu; XionliMeng; MingGuo; HuichaiYang

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the histogenesis and biological characteristics and factors influencing prognosis of small cell carcinoma of the esophagus(ESCC).METHODS The expression of CK, NSE, Syn, CHr-A and CD56 proteins were detected immunohistochemically in 63 cases of small cell carcinoma of the esophagus.RESULTS The ESCC cases were divided into two groups as follows: a puresmall cell group (28/63) and compound small cell group (35/63). Theimmunohistochemistry results were positive for: CK in 41.3%, NSE in 36.5%,Syn in 90.5%, CHr-A in 60.3% and CD56 in 50.8%. The difference betweenstaining of the pure small cell carcinoma and compound small cellcarcinoma was not statistically significant. The size and depth of tumorinvasion, the positive residual incision edge and lymph node metastasiswere the major factors influencing long-term survival.CONCLUSION Small cell carcinoma of the esophagus is a highly malignanttumor, which expresses neuroendocrine antigens. The histophathologicorigin is still unknown but the non-neuroepithelial origin was accepted in thisstudy.

  3. Warty-basaloid carcinoma: clinicopathological features of a distinctive penile neoplasm. Report of 45 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaux, Alcides; Tamboli, Pheroze; Ayala, Alberto; Soares, Fernando; Rodríguez, Ingrid; Barreto, José; Cubilla, Antonio L

    2010-06-01

    Most penile cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, but there are several subtypes with different clinicopathologic, viral, and outcome features. We are presenting 45 cases of a distinctive morphological variant of penile squamous cell carcinoma composed of mixed features of warty and basaloid carcinomas. This tumor was earlier recognized in a recent viral study and showed a high association with human papillomavirus infection. However, clinicopathologic features are not well known. In this multi-institutional study, patients' mean age was 62 years. Most tumors (64%) invaded multiple anatomical compartments, including glans, coronal sulcus, and, especially, inner foreskin mucosa. Tumor size ranged from 2 to 12 cm (mean 5.5 cm). Three morphological patterns were recognized: (1) the most common, observed in two-thirds of the cases was that of a typical condylomatous tumor on surface and basaloid features in deep infiltrative nests; (2) in 15% of the cases, there were non-papillomatous invasive carcinoma nests with mixed basaloid and warty features; and (3) unusually, predominantly papillomatous. Invasion of penile erectile tissues was frequent, either corpus spongiosum or cavernosum (47% each). Tumors limited to lamina propria were rare. Most tumors were of high grade (89%). Vascular and perineural invasion were found in about one-half and one-quarter of cases, respectively. Associated penile intraepithelial neoplasia was identified in 19 cases and mostly showed basaloid, warty-basaloid, or warty features. Inguinal nodal metastases were found in 11/21 patients with groin dissections. Invasion of corpora cavernosa, high histological grade, and presence of vascular/perineural invasion were more prevalent in metastatic cases. In 21 patients followed, the cancer-specific mortality rate was 33% with a mean survival time of 2.8 years. Warty-basaloid carcinomas are morphologically distinctive human papillomavirus-related penile neoplasms that, such as basaloid carcinomas, are

  4. Small cell carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract: clinicopathological features and treatment approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner, Baruch; Tang, Laura H; Shia, Jinruh; Klimstra, David S; Kelsen, David P

    2007-02-01

    Small cell undifferentiated carcinoma (SmCC) of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is a rare and highly aggressive malignancy. To date, fewer than 1,000 cases have been reported, with an estimated prevalence of 0.1% to 1% of all gastrointestinal (GI) tumors. Data on the disease are scarce due to its rarity and the fact that most authors have focused on one site within the GIT. In light of the limited data and its perceived similarity to SmCC of the lung, the disease has usually been treated as the latter. Nevertheless, recent clinicopathologic and molecular data imply several differences between the two entities, questioning the extent to which extrapolations from one to the other can be made. We review the available data on GI SmCC with emphasis on outlining its clinicopathologic features and the recommended treatment approach.

  5. Correlation between PET-CT 18FDG uptake in primary lesions and clinicopathological parameters in esophageal carcinoma patients%食管癌原发灶PET-CT氟代脱氧葡萄糖摄取及其与临床病理参数的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯瑞; 李明焕; 孔莉; 石芳; 杨国仁; 于金明

    2009-01-01

    目的 从分子影像学角度,探讨治疗前食管癌原发灶PET-CT氟代脱氧葡萄糖(FDG)摄取与病变长度、肿瘤浸润深度、组织分化程度以及淋巴结转移状况的关系.方法 68例食管鳞癌患者术前行FDG PET-CT检查,测定最大标准摄取值(SUVmax),根据术后病理确定其病变长度、浸润深度、分化程度以及淋巴结转移情况.结果 68例食管癌患者肿瘤原发灶的SUVmax为10.7±5.3.不同浸润深度、分化程度及淋巴结转移情况的食管癌SUVmax差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05).原发灶SUVmax与病变长度、浸润深度、分化程度及淋巴结转移情况均呈正相关(r=0.512,P=0.01;r=0.860,P=0.000;r=0.781,P=0.000;r=0.852,P=0.000).结论 食管癌原发灶SUVmax与病变长度、浸润深度、分化程度均呈正相关,发生淋巴结转移者原发灶的SUVmax高于无淋巴结转移者.%Objective To investigate the correlation between 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) uptake of primary lesions during PET-CT (positron emission tomography and computed tomography) examination and clinicopathological parameters such as the tumor length, depth of invasion, differentiation of the primary lesions and lymph node metastasis status in the patients with esophageal carcinoma. Methods From June 2004 to November 2006, 68 operable esophageal carcinoma patients were enrolled into this study, and all had a whole body 18FDG PET-CT scan before operation. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the primary lesions was measured. The tumor length, depth of invasion, differentiation of the primary lesions and lymph node metastasis status were determined by postoperative pathological examination. The correlation between the standardized uptake value (SUV) of primary lesions and the above mentioned clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Results The overall length of primary lesion was positively correlated with SUVmax (r = 0. 512, P = 0.01 ). Depth of invasion was also positively

  6. Clinicopathologic characteristics of gastric carcinoma in elderly patients: A comparison with young patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong-Yi Kim; Jae-Kyoon Joo; Seong-Yeob Ryu; Young-Kyu Park; Young-Jin Kim; Shin-Kon Kim

    2005-01-01

    AIM:To examine the clinicopathologic features of elderly patients with gastric carcinoma and to investigate the relationship between prognosis and age.METHODS: We reviewed the hospital records of 2 014patients with gastric carcinoma retrospectively to compare the clinicopathologic findings in elderly (age >70 years) and young (age <36 years) patients during the period from 1986 to 2000 in a tertiary referral center in Gwangju, Korea. Overall survival was the main outcome measure.RESULTS: Of the 2 014 patients, 194 (9.6%) were in the elderly group and 137 (6.8%) were in the young group.The elderly and young patients had similar distributions with respect to depth of invasion, nodal involvement, hepatic metastasis, peritoneal dissemination, tumor stage at the initial diagnosis, and type of surgery. Synchronous multiple carcinomas were found in 14/194 (7.2%) of the elderly group and 4/137 (2.9%) of the young group (P<0.05). Using the Borrmann classification, type Ⅳ was more frequent in the young patients than in the elderly patients (P<0.05).Significantly more elderly patients had a well or moderately differentiated histology, and more young patients had a poorly differentiated histology and signet ring cell carcinoma (P<0.001). The 5-year survival rates of elderly and young patients did not differ statistically (52.8% vs 46.5%,P = 0.5290). Multivariate analysis showed that the histologic type, nodal involvement and operative curability were significant prognostic factors, and age itself was not an independent prognostic factor of survival for elderly gastric carcinoma patients.CONCLUSION: Elderly patients with gastric carcinoma do not have a worse prognosis than young patients. The important prognostic factor is whether the patients undergo a curative resection.

  7. Correlation of Aquaporin 3 Expression with the Clinicopathologic Characteristics of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

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    Bailing LI

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Lung cancer is a major health problem worldwide. The aim of this study is to investigate aquaporin 3 (AQP3 expression and its relationship with the clinicopathologic characteristics of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Methods AQP3 expression and the microvascular density (MVD of tissue samples from 180 cases with NSCLC were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results AQP3 expression was negative in 25 (13.9%, positive in 67 (37.2%, and strongly positive in 88 (48.9% of the 180 cases, which was significantly higher than that in the normal tissue (P<0.01. A significant correlation was found between AQP3 expression and MVD (P<0.01, whereas a high MVD was found among patients with strongly positive AQP3 expression. Male patients with positive or strongly positive AQP3 expression had significantly higher expression than female patients did (P=0.003. AQP3 expression was more significantly enhanced in adenocarcinoma than that in squamous cell carcinoma (P<0.001. Statistical analysis indicated that the positive rate of AQP3 expression in well-differentiated carcinoma was significantly higher than that in poorly differentiated tumors (P<0.001. Lymph node metastasis was positively correlated with high AQP3 expression (P=0.026. Conclusion AQP3 expression was closely correlated with MVD in NSCLC, whereas high MVD was frequently found in tumors with high AQP3 expression. AQP3, as a therapeutic target for inhibiting high AQP3 expression in NSCLC tissues, may weaken cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis.

  8. CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF CARCINOMA BREAST PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF NORTH INDIA

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    Ashish

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study was done to know the epidemiology, clinicopathological aspects of carcinoma breast patients in our population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The epidemiological and clinicopathological data pertaining to demography and risk factors for carcinoma breast were analyzed in patients attending tertiary care hospital of North India from January 2012 to June 2013. Thorough Clinical and physical examination was done, FNAC was done for diagnosis of cancer Breast. RESULTS: In our study mean age of our female breast cancer patients was found to be lower compared to the western world, with an average difference of one decade. Majority of the patients were from urban background. Lump in the breast was a dominant symptom. Familial breast cancer was uncommon. Left sided breast cancer was slightly preponderant. CONCLUSION: Most common symptom was lump in breast among postmenopausal women from urban area. Lack of education was responsible for their delayed presentation. Left upper and outer quadrant being the commonest site, Infiltrating duct carcinoma was the most common type. Modified radical mastectomy was found to be a safe operative procedure. Adjuvant chemotherapy and hormonal therapy was found very effective in early stages. Overall survival for stage IV was 60% for 1 year follow up.

  9. Expression of Interleukin-11 and Interleukin-11 receptor in human colorectal adenocarcinoma; Immunohistochemical analyses and correlation with clinicopathological factors

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    Kazuyuki Yamazumi; Toshiyuki Nakayama; Takafumi Kusaba; Chun Yang Wen; Ayumi Yoshizaki; Yuichi Yakata; Takeshi Nagayasu; Ichiro Sekine

    2006-01-01

    AIM: There is strong evidence that interleukin-11 (IL-11)is involved in the regulation of tumor progression, cellular growth and differentiation. Recently, interleukin-11receptor (IL-11R) has been detected on some cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the expression of IL-11 and IL-11R in colorectal adenocarcinoma.METHODS: To elucidate the involvement of IL-11 and IL-11Rα in human intestinal adenocarcinomas, we examined 115 cases of surgically resected human colonic adenocarcinoma and 11 cases of adenoma by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.RESULTS: Among 115 cases of adenocarcinoma, 100cases (87.0%) showed positive staining in the cytoplasm of carcinoma cells for the IL-11, and 87 cases (75.6%)were positive for the IL-11Rα. Six cases (54.5%) and four cases (36.4%) of 11 adenomas were positive for IL-11 and IL-11Rα, respectively. The expression of IL-11Rα correlated with the histological differentiation (P =0.033503), the depth of tumor invasion (P= 0.006395),Dukes classification (P= 0.015648) and lymphatic invasion (P=0.003865). However, the expression of IL-11Rα was not correlated with the venous invasion and the presence of lymph node metastasis. The expression of IL-11 was not correlated with any clinicopathological factors. In Western blot analysis, two human colorectal carcinoma cell lines and four tissues of surgically resected human carcinoma expressed both IL-11 and IL-11Rαproteins.CONCLUSION: IL-11 and IL-11Rα are highly expressed in human colorectal adenocarcinoma and the IL-11Rα expression is correlated with clinicopathological factors.These findings suggest that the expression of IL-11Rα is an important factor for the invasion of human colorectal adenocarcinoma.

  10. Radiotherapy for invasive thymoma and thymic carcinoma. Clinicopathological review

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    Mayer, R.; Stuecklschweiger, G.F.; Prettenhofer, U.; Stranzl, H.; Hackl, A. [Univ. Graz (Austria). Dept. of Radiotherapy; Beham-Schmid, C. [Univ. Graz (Austria). Dept. of Pathology; Groell, R. [Univ. Graz (Austria). Dept. of Radiology; Smolle-Juettner, F.M.; Renner, H. [Univ. Graz (Austria). Dept. of Thoracic and Hyperbaric Surgery; Quehenberger, F. [Univ. Graz (Austria). Dept. of Medical Informatics, Statistics and Documentation

    1999-06-01

    All 33 patients were irradiated with a mean dose of 50 Gy after complete resection (16 patients), partial resection (9 patients) of biopsy (8 patients). Staging was done according to the Masaoka classification; there were 12 Stage II, 12 Stage III and 9 Stage IV patients. Results: In patients with invasive thymoma Stage II to IV (median follow-up 54.4 months) Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall survival (OS), disease-specific (DSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 5 years were 63.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 42 to 84%), 88.3% (CI, 75 to 100%) and 77,4% (CI, 58 to 95%), respectively. Among the prognostic factors tested, such as age, myasthenia gravis, completeness of surgery and histologic subclassification, total radiation dose, and Masaoka Stage, the latter was the only significant predictor of improved survival (p=0.04). Considering local control, radiation dose was a significant prognostic factor (p=0.0006). In patients with thymic carcinoma (median follow-up 43.4 months) 5 year DSS, and DFS were 22.2% (CI, 0 to 60%) and 16.7% (CI, 0 to 46%), respectively. Thymoma as compared to thymic carcinoma had a statistically significant better DSS (p=0.007) and DFS (p=0.0007). Conclusion: Postoperative radiotherapy with sufficient doses plays an important role as adjuvant treatment in complete or incomplete resected invasive Stage II to III thymoma. In unresectable thymoma Stage III to IV as well as in thymic carcinoma a multimodality approach should be considered to improve survival. (orig.) [Deutsch] Alle 33 Patienten wurden nach kompletter Resektion (n=16), Teilresektion (n=9) oder Biopsie (n=8) mit einer mittleren Dosis von 50 Gy (30 bis 60 Gy) bestrahlt. Die Stadieneinteilung nach Masaoka ergab jeweils zwoelf Patienten in Stadium II und III sowie neun Patienten im Stadium IV. Ergebnisse: Patienten mit einem invasivem Thymom Masaoka-Stadium II bis IV (mediane Nachsorgezeit 54,4 Monate) hatten ein Fuenf-Jahres-Gesamtueberleben, krankheitsspezifisches und

  11. Clinicopathologic characteristics of esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma in elderly patients

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    Jian-Yang Ma; Zhu Wu; Yun Wang; Yong-Fan Zhao; Lun-Xu Liu; Ying-Li Kou; Qing-Hua Zhou

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the risk of esophagectomy for carcinoma of the esophagus in the elderly (70 years or more)compared with younger patients (<70 years) and to determine whether the short-term outcomes of esophagectomy in the elderly have improved in recent years.METHODS: Preoperative risks, postoperative morbidity and mortality in 60 elderly patients (≥70 years) with esophagectomy for carcinoma of the esophagus were compared with the findings in 1 782 younger patients (<70 years) with esophagectomy between January 1990and December 2004. Changes in perioperative outcome and short-time survival in elderly patients between 1990to 1997 and 1998 to 2004 were separately analyzed.RESULTS: Preoperatively, there were significantly more patients with hypertension, pulmonary dysfunction, cardiac disease, and diabetes mellitus in the elderly patients as compared with the younger patients. No significant difference was found regarding the operation time, blood loss, organs in reconstruction and anastomotic site between the two groups, but elderly patients were more often to receive blood transfusion than younger patients.Significantly more transhiatal and fewer transthoracic esophagectomies were performed in the elderly patients as compared with the younger patients. Resection was considered curative in 71.66% (43/60) elderly and 64.92% (1 157/1 782) younger patients, which was not statistically significant (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of surgical complications between the two groups. Postoperative cardiopulmonary medical complications were encountered more frequently in elderly patients. The hospital mortality rate was 3.3% (2/60) for elderly patients and 1.1% (19/1782) for younger patients without a significant difference. When the study period was divided into a former (1990 to 1997) and a recent (1997 to 2004) period,operation time, blood loss, and percentage ot patients receiving blood transfusion of the elderly patients

  12. Warty carcinoma of the penis: A clinicopathological study from South India

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    Marie Therese Manipadam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: There are few studies on the pathology of warty carcinoma (WC of the penis and these have been from South America. Penile cancers are not uncommon in India. We reviewed the frequency of subtypes of penile squamous carcinoma (SC and the pathological features and outcome of WC when compared to squamous carcinoma-not otherwise specified (SC-NOS. We also compared the clinicopathological features of WC in our series with those published earlier. Materials and Methods: We studied 103 cases of penile cancers over 6 years. Cases were classified into different subtypes according to established histologic criteria. Clinicopathologic features were studied in detail and compared among the different subtypes, especially between WC and SC-NOS. The patients were followed-up and disease free survival in months was noted. Results: SC-NOS constituted 75.7% of all penile cancer cases in our series. The frequency of other subtypes was WC: 9.7%, verrucous: 3.9%, basaloid type and papillary type: 0.97% each, and mixed types 8.7%. The average tumor size and depth of invasion did not differ significantly between the two subtypes. Frequency of lymphovascular emboli and percentage of lymph node metastasis in WC (30 and 10% were lesser than in SC-NOS (49.37 and 26.58%, respectively. There were no recurrences after partial penectomy in the WC subtype. In the SC-NOS type, three cases had recurrence after partial/total penectomy. Conclusion: Warty carcinoma constitutes nearly 10% of all penile squamous cell cancers. These patients seem to have a less aggressive behavior than SC-NOS.

  13. Clinicopathological significance of expression of paxillin, syndecan-1 and EMMPRIN in hepatocellular carcinoma

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    Hai-Gang Li; De-Rong Xie; Xi-Ming Shen; Hong-Hao Li; Hong Zeng; Yun-Jie Zeng

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the relationship of expression of paxillin,syndecan-1 and EMMPRIN proteins with clinicopathological features in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).METHODS: Fifty-one patients who underwent HCC resection were recruited in the study. Paxillin, syndecan1 and EMMPRIN proteins in HCC tissues were detected with immunohistochemical staining.RESULTS: Of 51 cases of HCC, 23 (45%) exhibited paxillin protein positive expression. Of 42 cases of adjacent nontumor liver tissues, 24 (57%) exhibited positive expression.Positive paxillin protein expression was associated with low differentiation (r= 0.406, P= 0.004), with the presence of portal vein thrombosis (r = 0.325, P = 0.021), with extra-hepatic metastasis (r = 0.346, P = 0.014). Of 51cases of HCC, 28 (55%) exhibited syndecan-1 protein positive expression. Of 42 cases of adjacent non-tumor liver tissues, 23 (55%) exhibited positive expression.Positive snydecan-1 protein expression was associated with well differentiation (r = 0.491, P = 0.001), with no extra-hepatic metastasis (r = 0.346, P = 0.014). Of 51cases of HCC, 28 (55%) exhibited EMMPRIN protein positive expression. Of 42 cases of adjacent non-tumor liver tissues, 21 (50%) exhibited positive expression.Expression of EMMPRIN protein was not associated with serum AFP level, HBsAg status, presence of microsatellite nodule, tumor size, presence of cirrhosis and necrosis,differentiation, presence of portal vein thrombosis, extrahepatic metastasis, disease-free survival and overall survival (P>0.05). Expression of paxillin protein was correlated conversely with the expression of syndecan-1protein in HCC (r = -0.366, P = 0.010).CONCLUSION: Expression of paxillin and syndecan-1proteins in HCC may affect its invasive and metastatic ability of the tumor. There may be a converse correlation between the expression of paxillin and syndecan-1 protein in HCC. Expression of EMMPRIN protein may be detected in HCC, but it may play little role in the invasion and

  14. Phenotypic classification of gastric signet ring cell carcinoma and its relationship with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis

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    Meng-Meng Tian; Ai-Lian Zhao; Zhong-Wu Li; Ji-You Li

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To distinguish subtypes of gastric signet ring cell(SRC) carcinoma by investigating the expression of gastric and intestinal phenotypic markers, and to study the significance of phenotypic classification in predicting tumor progression and outcome.METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed in 66 cases of SRC carcinoma with MUC2. VILLIN, CDX2, Licadherin antibodies as intestinal phenotype markers and MUC5AC, HGM, MUC6 antibodies as gastric phenotype markers, and the relationship was analyzed between the phenotypic expression pation and clinicopathologic parameters, as well as the 3-year survival rate.RESULTS: Expression of intestinal phenotypic markers was positively associated with tumor size, wall invasion,vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis and tumornode-metastasis (TNM) stage. Cases expressing one or more intestinal markers had a significant lower survival rate than cases expressing none of the intestinal markers.CONCLUSION: The SRC carcinomas expressing intestinal phenotype markers exhibited a high proliferative potential, bad biological behaviors and poor prognosis. Examination of phenotype expression may be useful in distinguishing histological type and in prediciting the prognosis of gastric SRC carcinoma.

  15. Outcome of superficial squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: a clinicopathological study

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    Maria Aparecida Coelho de Arruda Henry

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To analyze the clinicopathological features and outcome of patients with pathologically proven superficial squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: A total of 234 consecutive cases of esophageal carcinoma in a 15-year period were reviewed. RESULTS: Superficial esophageal cancer was found in five patients (2.1%. They were four men and one woman and the mean age was 52.5 years. Smoking and alcohol were the main risk factors. Achalasia due to Chagas disease occurred in one patient and a second primary tumor developed in the larynx in another patient. Four patients underwent esophagectomy and one patient received chemoradiotherapy. The histopathologic diagnosis was of squamous cell carcinoma in all cases. Intramucosal tumor (Tis was identified in three cases and superficially invasive carcinoma in two cases. Four patients are free of disease with survival times of two, four, six and nine years. The patient who developed laryngeal cancer died six years after esophagectomy. CONCLUSION: Long-term survival in patients with esophageal cancer is related to early diagnosis. Therefore, a less aggressive surgical approach, such as endoscopic resection, may be a good option for these patients, if depth of tumor invasion can be accurately predicted by the new imaging tools.

  16. Sarcomatoid Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Clinicopathologic Correlation of 13 Cases.

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    Pavlisko, Elizabeth N; Roggli, Victor L

    2015-11-01

    Peritoneal mesothelioma is rare, and the sarcomatoid variant is more infrequent, with sarcomatoid peritoneal mesothelioma (SPe); however, the clinicopathologic features are not well characterized. To our knowledge, this is the first large series reporting the clinicopathologic features of SPe. We reviewed our database of 3106 malignant mesothelioma cases. Of 248 peritoneal mesotheliomas, 15 (4%) were sarcomatoid variant (0.5% of all mesotheliomas). Only cases with 100% sarcomatoid morphology diagnosed by open surgical biopsy and/or autopsy were included. Thus, 4 cases were excluded leaving 11 cases of SPe. Two additional cases of SPe previously published by 1 of the authors (V.L.R.), not included in the database, are added yielding 13 cases total. The median age at diagnosis was 66 years (range=48 to 85 y), and there was a male predominance (M:F=3.25:1). Survival from date of diagnosis to date of death was 5 months (range=0 to 12 mo). The most common presenting symptom was abdominal pain, and 3 of 4 women were suspected to have cholecystitis/cholelithiasis. All cases stained positive for cytokeratins, and 2 contained heterologous elements. Seven cases had objective markers of asbestos exposure, and 2 additional cases had occupations strongly associated with mesothelioma. Two cases with alleged household contact exposures could not be confirmed to be asbestos related by lung fiber analysis. SPe is a rare variant of mesothelioma attributed to asbestos exposure in 69% of our cases.

  17. The clinicopathologic differences in papillary thyroid carcinoma with or without co-existing chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis.

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    Yoon, Yeo-Hoon; Kim, Hak Joon; Lee, Jin Woo; Kim, Jin Man; Koo, Bon Seok

    2012-03-01

    The goal of this study is to determine the clinicopathologic differences in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with or without chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT). We reviewed the medical records of 195 consecutive PTC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection from April 2008 to March 2010. The differences in clinicopathologic factors, such as age, gender, size of primary tumor, perithyroidal invasion, lymphovascular invasion, capsular invasion, and central lymph node (CLN) metastasis, were analyzed in PTC patients with or without CLT. Among 195 patients, 56 (28.7%) had co-existing CLT. Patients with CLT had the following characteristics as compared to patients without CLT: significantly younger, female predominance, smaller tumor size, and lower incidence of capsular invasion (p = 0.038, 0.006, 0.037, and 0.026, respectively). Also, patients with CLT (12.5%) had a significantly lower incidence of CLN metastases than patients without CLT (28.1%; p = 0.025) based on univariate analysis. Moreover, multivariate analysis showed that younger age (p = 0.042, odds ratio = 1.033) and female gender (p = 0.012, odds ratio = 6.865) are independent clinical factors in patients with CLT compared to patients without CLT. CLT was shown to be commonly associated with PTC. Compared to patients with PTC without CLT, patients with CLT were younger with a female predominance, which are the most important and well-known prognostic variables for thyroid cancer mortality.

  18. Gender difference in clinicopathologic features and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

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    Pisit Tangkijvanich; Varocha Mahachai; Pongspeera Suwangool; Yong Poovorawan

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To determine the influence of gender on the clinicopathologic characteristics and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).METHODS: A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed in 299 patients with HCC and their clinicopathologic features and survival were compared in relation to gender.RESULTS: There were 260 male (87%) and 39 female patients (13%), with a male-to-female ratio of 6.7:1. Female patients had lower mean serum bilirubin levels (P=0.03),lower proportion of alcohol abuse (P=0.002), smaller mean tumor size (P=0.02), more frequent nodular type but less frequent massive and diffuse types of HCC (P=0.01), were less advanced in Okuda′s staging (P=0.04), and less frequently associated with venous invasion (P=0.03). The median survivals in females (14 mo) were significantly longer than that of male patients (4 mo) (P=0.004, log-rank test).Multivariate analysis demonstrated that high serum alphafetoprotein levels, venous invasion, extrahepatic metastasis and lack of therapy were independent factors related to unfavorable prognosis. However, gender did not constitute a predictive variable associated with patient survival.CONCLUSION: Female patients tend to have higher survival rates than males. These differences were probably due to more favorable pathologic features of HCC at initial diagnosis and greater likelihood to undergo curative therapy in female patients.

  19. Expression of transforming growth factors in hepatocellular carcinoma and its relations with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis

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    Yun Lu; Li-Qun Wu; Chang-Sheng Li; Shou-Guang Wang; Bing Han

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Transforming growth factors (TGF)-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 belong to the TGF family, and play important roles in carcinogenesis and the development of carcinoma, especially hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TGF-β1 is a multipotent polypeptide, which inhibits the growth of epithelial cells including hepatoma cell lines and hepatocytes by inducing apoptosis. TGF-βR2 forms a heterodimeric complex upon binding to TGF-β, and then generates the ifrst step in the signal transduction pathway leading to growth inhibition in coordination with the type 1 receptor. Smad4 protein is an important mediator in the TGF-β signaling pathway, and negatively regulates the growth of epithelial cells. This study aimed to detect the expression of TGF-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 in HCCs and their adjacent normal tissues, while assessing its relations with the clinicopathological parameters of HCC. METHODS:Forty-seven HCC specimens and their adjacent normal tissues were obtained surgically at the Afifliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University. The expression of TGF-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 was separately detected by immunohistochemistry in all HCC specimens and their adjacent normal tissues, and its relations with the clinicopathological parameters of HCC were assessed. RESULTS:The positive expression of TGF-β1 was 72.34%in the HCC specimens, which was higher than that in the adjacent normal tissues (P CONCLUSIONS:TGF-β1 may play an important role in the occurrence and development of HCC. Combined detection of TGF-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 may be useful for the determination of the degree of malignancy and the prognosis of HCC.

  20. Mast cell density and the context of clinicopathological parameters and expression of p185,estrogen receptor,and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in gastric carcinoma

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    Ying-AnJiang; You-YuanZhang; He-ShengLuo; Shou-FuXing

    2002-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the relationship between the mast cell density(MCD)and the context of clinicopathological parameters and expression of p185,estrogen receptor(ER),and proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA)in gastric carcinoma.

  1. Myxomatous fibroadenoma of the breast: correlation with clinicopathologic and radiologic features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Rin; Tanaka, Maki; Mizushima, Yasuko; Hirai, Yoshitake; Yamaguchi, Miki; Kaneko, Yuko; Terasaki, Hiroshi; Yokoyama, Toshiro; Nonaka, Yasuhide; Yano, Hirohisa

    2011-03-01

    Fibroadenoma is a frequently encountered benign tumor that must be differentiated from carcinoma. Fibroadenomas often exhibit myxedematous changes (myxomatous fibroadenoma). We focused on myxomatous fibroadenomas and evaluated their diagnostic imaging and clinicopathologic findings. We examined the (1) clinicopathologic findings of myxomatous fibroadenomas out of 113 fibroadenomas among 592 needle biopsy cases and (2) clinical findings of 27 patients with fibroadenoma who underwent surgical resection. One hundred thirteen (19%) of 592 cases were fibroadenoma, of which 45 cases (40%) were myxomatous fibroadenoma. Based on ultrasonography findings, the depth to width ratio was significantly higher in the myxomatous fibroadenoma group (0.79 ± 0.26) compared with the non-myxomatous fibroadenoma group (0.64 ± 0.26) (P fibroadenoma from carcinomas based on ultrasonography and clinical findings, of which 13 cases (31%) were myxomatous fibroadenoma. These lesions showed a relatively round shape and increased posterior echo enhancement with internal hyperechogenicity on ultrasonography. Among 17 resected cases suspected of malignancy that showed rapid growth and/or size greater than 3 cm, 16 cases were myxomatous fibroadenoma. Tumors showing rapid growth and a relatively large size, a high depth to width ratio, a relatively round shape, and posterior echo enhancement with internal hyperechogenicity on ultrasonography require differentiation from (mucinous) carcinoma but are histologically more likely to be myxomatous fibroadenoma. Understanding the histologic features and combining the ultrasonography findings of myxomatous fibroadenomas may permit reduction in the number of unnecessary needle biopsies for tumor-forming lesions.

  2. A CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL CORRELATION OF COLORECTAL AND ANAL CANAL MALIGNANCY

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    Majethia Nikhil

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinoma is considered a calamity for humanity, but it could have a long survival if it is diagnosed early. The epidemiology of this calamity is also interesting and has always been the subject of investigati on in the in the western world. AIMS: 1. To compare the findings in a series of 215 cases studied over a period of 6 years from 2008 to 2013 . 2. T o study the incidence of colorectal carcinoma in a population with respect to age, sex, religion and diet . 3. T o study the occurrence of the carcinoma in a different parts of the colon . 4. To study the different histological an d m orphological types of carcinoma of colon . 5. To study the stages of carcinoma at the time of presentation by American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC staging system . 6. To study the clinical presentation of colorectal carcinoma. SETTINGS: Lokmanya Til ak Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai . DESIGN: A retrospective observational study . METHODS AND MATERIAL: The malignant tumor of large bowel and anal canal received in the Surgical Pathology, Department of Pathology, Lokmanya Tilak Medical College an d General Hospital in Mumbai in the form of biopsy and resected speciemen were studied after microscopic confirmation of diagnosis over a period of 6 years from 2008 to 2013. A total number of cases studied are 215 cases excluding the superficial biopsy an d doubtful cases. RESULTS: Of total 46255 surgical specimen, 6911 were gastrointestinal specimen i.e. 14.9% of all specimens , and 4271 were colorectal specimen. Of 4271 gastrointestinal specimens 497 gastrointestinal malignancy while 215 had colorectal malignancy. The common age group affected is 51 - 60 years. Rectum (57.74% is the most common site of colorectal malignancy. Abdo minal pain (33.5% was the most common clinical feature. Ulceroinfilterative is the most common type of gross morphology of tumor in rectum. Hindu and non - vegetarian are most common risk factors

  3. Clinicopathologic correlations and significance of clinically occult mammary lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, G F; Feig, S A; Patchefsky, A S

    1978-03-01

    Experience with 189 clinically occult, i.e., nonpalpable breast lesions is presented. The described technique of localization and excision all but guarantees removal of even the smallest radiographically suspicious findings with an inconspicuous incision and minimal breast deformity. The incidence of carcinoma encountered in these 189 biopsies is 27.5%. Axillary node metastases were present in less than 25% of the invasive nonpalpable cancers, approximately half of what might have been expected if the lesions had been discovered in the usual manner. There were no patients with axillary node metastases among those with in situ ductal or microinvasive ductal carcinomas. This implies a better prognosis and lower death rate from breast cancer in these patients. Screening programs employing mammography, designed to detect breast cancers in this pre-palpable stage, are encountered as a means of uncovering a higher proportion of such cancers at an earlier stage in their natural histories.

  4. 探讨PET/CT原发灶SUVmax在肺鳞癌患者术后预后中的意义及与临床病理特征的关系%Analysis of the Role of PET/CT SUVmax in Prognosis and Its Correlation with Clinicopathological Characteristics in Resectable Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任红亮; 徐文贵; 尤健; 宋秀宇; 黄慧; 赵宁; 任秀宝; 张新伟

    2016-01-01

    的预后中有意义(P=0.045)。结论 PET/CT SUVmax对肺鳞癌患者术后生存的预测有重要的价值,是独立于TNM分期之外的一个重要预后因素,并且原发灶SUVmax与多个临床病理因素间存在相关性。%Background and objective Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the world, more than one-half of cases are diagnosed at a advanced stage, and the overall 5-year survival rate for lung cancer is 18%. Lung cancer is divided into non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). Approximately 80%-85%of cases are NSCLC which includes three main types:adenocarcinoma (40%), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (20%-30%), and large cell carcinoma (10%). Although therapies that target driver mutations in adenocarcinomas are showing some promise, they are proving ineffective in smoking-related SCC. We need pay more attention to the diagnosis and treatment of SCC. 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) has emerged as an accurate staging mo-dality in lung cancer diagnosis. hTe aim of this study is to investigate the role of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) on PET-CT in prognosis and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics in resectable SCC. Methods One hun-dred and eighty-two resectable SCC patients who underwent PET/CT imaging between May 2005 and October 2014 were enrolled into this retrospectively study. All the enrolled patients had underwent pulmonary resection with mediastinal lymph node dissection without preoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Survival outcomes were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. Correlation between SUVmax and clinicopathological factors was analysed using Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman rank correlation analysis. Results hTe patients were divided into two groups on the basis of SUVmax 13.0 as cutoff value, and patients with SUVmax more than 13.0 had shorter median

  5. DNA甲基化转移酶1/3b与肝癌临床病理特征和预后相关性研究%Correlation between DNMT1/3b and the clinicopathology and prognosis of hepatocellular carcino-ma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方钦亮; 尹震宇; 谢程融; 赵文秀; 孙红光; 尹毅锐; 张盛; 王付强; 彭友缘; 王效民

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨DNA甲基化转移酶1/3b(DNMT1/3b)表达异常与肝癌临床病理特征和患者术后生存之间的相关性。方法采用免疫组织化学技术检测89例手术切除肝癌组织中DNMT1和DNMT3b的蛋白表达情况,结合临床病理及无瘤生存期和总生存期,分析DNMT1/3b与临床病理参数、预后的相关性,并通过高通量基因芯片技术筛选肝癌相关DNMT1和DNMT3b的靶基因。结果89例肝癌组织中DNMT1和DNMT3b皆为阳性63例,皆为阴性5例,单一阳性的分别为9例和12例。DNMT1/3b在肝癌组织中高表达与患者血清AFP(2=12.903,P=0.005)、乙型肝炎(2=9.535,P=0.023)、卫星灶(2=9.574,P=0.023)和肿瘤复发、转移及生存期有关,而与性别、肿瘤大小、肝硬化和肿瘤分化无关;Kaplan-Meier分析显示DNMT1/3b阳性组患者生存时间较阴性组短,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。高通量基因组甲基化芯片技术筛选出肝癌细胞中受DNMT1和DNMT3b调控的基因2000多个,其中参与肿瘤侵袭转移的靶基因有112个。结论 DNMT1/3b在肝癌组织中高表达与患者血清AFP、乙型肝炎、卫星灶和肿瘤复发、转移等临床病理特征和生存期密切相关,并可能通过调控多方面肿瘤相关基因促进肝癌复发、转移等恶性表型。%Objective To detect the protein expression of DNMT1 and DNMT3b, and to explore the association of DNMT1/3b with the clinicopathology and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods Eighty-nine cases of hepatocellular carcinoma were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for analysis of the correlation between DNMT1/3b expression and clinicopathologic parameters and the tumor-free sur-vival and overall survival. And high-throughput gene chip technology was used to screen out DNMT1 and DNMT3b target genes. Results Both DNMT1 and DNMT3b expressions existed in 63 cases while 5 cases had neither DNMT1 nor DNMT3b. Nine cases had positive DNMT1 and 12 had positive DNMT3b. High level

  6. Clinicopathological Characteristics and Surgical Treatment Analysis for Gastric Carcinoma in Stage Ⅲ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HuonlongQin; ChaohongLin

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study the clinicopathological and surgical treatment ofgastric carcinoma in stage Ⅲ.METHODS A total of 484 cases ot gastric carcfnoma were treateo with different methods and their efficacy evaluated. These included 114 and 102 cases with D2 and D3 lymphadenectomy, respectively, 48 with intraoperative radiation therapy (IQRT) and 18 with peritoneal infusingchemotherapy combined with TIL.RESULTS The total rate of lymph nodes metastasis (LNM) was 79.5% (384/484) and the degree of LNM 41.2% (4169/10121). The incidence of LNM of N1, N2, N3 and N4 was 68.8%, 34.6%, 19.6% and 3.5%, respectively. The rate of serosa linking to peripheral tissues or organs was 23.15% (112/484) including 12.5% cancerous linkage. The survival rates for patients treated with D3 lymphadenectomy at 1 -, 3- 5- 8- and 10-years were significantlyhigher than that for D2 lymphadenectomy. The 5-year survival rate with application of IORT increased remarkably compared to the operation-alone group. Peritoneal lavage with 2000 ml of 43~C distilled water before closure of the abdominachemotherapy withmetastasis.ncision and postoperative peritoneal infusing TIL significantly decreased the rate of peritonea metastasis.CONCLUSION Due to the specificity of gastric carcinoma in stage Ⅲ, the surgical principles are to perform an extensive radical operation, in combination with IORT plus different peritoneal infusing therapy to improve the long term survival rate.

  7. Impacts of CA9 gene polymorphisms on urothelial cell carcinoma susceptibility and clinicopathologic characteristics in Taiwan.

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    Shian-Shiang Wang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9 is reportedly overexpressed in several types of carcinomas and is generally considered a marker of malignancy. The current study explored the effect of CA9 gene polymorphisms on the susceptibility of developing urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC and the clinicopathological status. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 442 participants, including 221 healthy people and 221 patients with UCC, were recruited for this study. Four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs of the CA9 gene were assessed by a real-time PCR with the TaqMan assay. After adjusting for other co-variants, the individuals carrying at least one A allele at CA9 rs1048638 had a 2.303-fold risk of developing UCC than did wild-type (CC carriers. Furthermore, UCC patients who carried at least one A allele at rs1048638 had a higher invasive stage risk (p< 0.05 than did patients carrying the wild-type allele. Moreover, among the UCC patients with smoker, people with at least one A allele of CA9 polymorphisms (rs1048638 had a 4.75-fold (95% CI = 1.204-18.746 increased risk of invasive cancer. CONCLUSION: The rs1048638 polymorphic genotypes of CA9 might contribute to the prediction of susceptibility to and pathological development of UCC. This is the first study to provide insight into risk factors associated with CA9 variants in carcinogenesis of UCC in Taiwan.

  8. Impact of increased erythropoietin receptor expression and elevated serum erythropoietin levels on clinicopathological features and prognosis in renal cell carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    ITO, KEIICHI; YOSHII, HIDEHIKO; ASANO, TAKAKO; HORIGUCHI, AKIO; Sumitomo, Makoto; Hayakawa, Masamichi; ASANO, TOMOHIKO

    2012-01-01

    Erythropoietin (EPO) expression and EPO receptor (EpoR) expression have been demonstrated in various malignant tumors. EPO-EpoR signaling can activate several downstream signal transduction pathways that enhance tumor aggressiveness. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of overexpression of EpoR and elevated serum EPO (sEPO) levels on the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). EpoR expression was evaluated immunohistochemical...

  9. Detection of EMI4-ALK fusion gene in non-small cell lung cancer and its clinicopathologic correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟山

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the frequency of EML4-ALK fusion gene in non small-cell lung cancer NSCLC patients,and its correlation with clinicopathologic features.Methods Real-time PCR was used to detect

  10. Acute intermittent porphyria: clinicopathologic correlation. Report of a case and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez, J I; Cohen, M L; Larkin, J; Kernich, C A; Hricik, D E; Daroff, R B

    1997-06-01

    Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), an autosomal dominant disorder, results from a deficiency of the enzyme hydroxymethylbilane synthase. Despite important advances in the characterization of AIP, the pathophysiology of the neurologic manifestations is not clearly understood. We present a patient with AIP followed for 31 years with multiple episodes of hyponatremia during AIP exacerbations. We discuss the clinicopathologic correlation and possible explanations for the morphologic findings, including discrete hypothalamic changes.

  11. Comparative analysis of clinicopathological correlations of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in resectable pancreatic cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marketa; Hermanova; Petr; Karasek; Jiri; Tomasek; Jiri; Lenz; Jiri; Jarkovsky; Petr; Dite

    2010-01-01

    AIM:To perform a comparative analysis of clinicopathological correlations of cyclooxygenase2 (COX2) expression in pancreatic cancer, examined by monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies.METHODS: The COX2 expression in 85 resection specimens of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was immunohistochemically examined using both monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. The final immunoscores were obtained by multiplying the percentage of positive cells with the numeric score reflecting the staining intensity.COX2 expressi...

  12. p16 (INK4a) has clinicopathological and prognostic impact on oropharynx and larynx squamous cell carcinoma

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    Silva, S.D. [Departamento de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço e Otorrinolaringologia, Hospital A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Department of Oncology, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research and Segal Cancer Centre, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Nonogaki, S. [Departamento de Anatomia Patológica, Hospital A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Soares, F.A. [Departamento de Anatomia Patológica, Hospital A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Estomatologia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Kowalski, L.P. [Departamento de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço e Otorrinolaringologia, Hospital A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2012-09-07

    CDKN2A encodes proteins such as p16 (INK4a), which negatively regulate the cell-cycle. Molecular genetic studies have revealed that deletions in CDKN2A occur frequently in cancer. Although p16 (INK4a) may be involved in tumor progression, the clinical impact and prognostic implications in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the immunohistochemical expression of p16 (INK4a) in 40 oropharynx and 35 larynx from HNSCC patients treated in a single institution and followed-up at least for 10 years in order to explore potential associations with clinicopathological outcomes and prognostic implications. Forty cases (53.3%) were positive for p16 (INK4a) and this expression was more intense in non-smoking patients (P = 0.050), whose tumors showed negative vascular embolization (P = 0.018), negative lymphatic permeation (P = 0.002), and clear surgical margins (P = 0.050). Importantly, on the basis of negative p16 (INK4a) expression, it was possible to predict a probability of lower survival (P = 0.055) as well as tumors presenting lymph node metastasis (P = 0.050) and capsular rupture (P = 0.0010). Furthermore, increased risk of recurrence was observed in tumors presenting capsular rupture (P = 0.0083). Taken together, the alteration in p16 (INK4a) appears to be a common event in patients with oropharynx and larynx squamous cell carcinoma and the negative expression of this protein correlated with poor prognosis.

  13. p16 (INK4a has clinicopathological and prognostic impact on oropharynx and larynx squamous cell carcinoma

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    S.D. Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available CDKN2A encodes proteins such as p16 (INK4a, which negatively regulate the cell-cycle. Molecular genetic studies have revealed that deletions in CDKN2A occur frequently in cancer. Although p16 (INK4a may be involved in tumor progression, the clinical impact and prognostic implications in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC are controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of the immunohistochemical expression of p16 (INK4a in 40 oropharynx and 35 larynx from HNSCC patients treated in a single institution and followed-up at least for 10 years in order to explore potential associations with clinicopathological outcomes and prognostic implications. Forty cases (53.3% were positive for p16 (INK4a and this expression was more intense in non-smoking patients (P = 0.050, whose tumors showed negative vascular embolization (P = 0.018, negative lymphatic permeation (P = 0.002, and clear surgical margins (P = 0.050. Importantly, on the basis of negative p16 (INK4a expression, it was possible to predict a probability of lower survival (P = 0.055 as well as tumors presenting lymph node metastasis (P = 0.050 and capsular rupture (P = 0.0010. Furthermore, increased risk of recurrence was observed in tumors presenting capsular rupture (P = 0.0083. Taken together, the alteration in p16 (INK4a appears to be a common event in patients with oropharynx and larynx squamous cell carcinoma and the negative expression of this protein correlated with poor prognosis.

  14. Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of HER-2/neu and VEGF expression in colon carcinomas

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    Li Jing

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HER-2/neu and VEGF expression is correlated with disease behaviors in various cancers. However, evidence for their expression in colon cancer is rather contradictory both for the protein expression status and prognostic value. HER-2/neu is found to participate in VEGF regulation, and has known correlation with VEGF expression in some tumors. In this study, we investigated HER-2/neu and VEGF expression in Chinese colon patients and explored whether there was any correlation between their expression patterns. Methods HER-2/neu and VEGF were investigated immunohistochemically using tumor samples obtained from 317 colon cancer patients with all tumor stages. Correlation of the degree of staining with clinicopathological parameters and survival was investigated. Results Positive expression rates of HER-2/neu and VEGF in colon cancer were 15.5% and 55.5% respectively. HER-2/neu expression was significantly correlated with tumor size and distant metastases (P (P > 0.05. Expression of VEGF was significantly correlated with tumor size, tumor stage, lymph node metastases, and distant metastases (P (P = 0.146. No correlation between HER-2/neu and VEGF expression was detected (P = 0.151. Conclusions HER-2/neu and VEGF are not important prognostic markers of colon cancer. The present results do not support any association between HER2/neu and VEGF expression in this setting.

  15. Lower expressed miR-198 and its potential targets in hepatocellular carcinoma: a clinicopathological and in silico study

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    Huang WT

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Wen-Ting Huang,1,* Han-Lin Wang,1,* Hong Yang,2 Fang-Hui Ren,1 Yi-Huan Luo,1 Chun-Qin Huang,1 Yue-Ya Liang,1 Hai-Wei Liang,1 Gang Chen,1 Yi-Wu Dang1 1Department of Pathology, 2Department of Ultrasonography, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To investigate the clinicopathological value and potential roles of microRNA-198 (miR-198 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC.Methods: Ninety-five formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded HCC and the para-cancerous liver tissues were gathered. Real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was applied to determine the miR-198 expression. The association between the miR-198 expression and clinicopathological features was examined. Meanwhile, potential target messenger RNAs of miR-198 in HCC were obtained from 14 miRNA prediction databases and natural language processing method, in which we pooled the genes related to the tumorigenesis and progression of HCC and classified them by their frequency. The selected target genes were finally analyzed in the Gene Ontology analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway.Results: miR-198 expression was significantly lower in HCC than that in adjacent noncancerous liver tissues (1.30±0.72 vs 2.01±0.58, P<0.001. Low miR-198 expression was also correlated to hepatitis C virus infection (r=-0.48, P<0.001, tumor capsular infiltration (r=-0.43, P<0.001, metastasis (r=-0.26, P<0.010, number of tumor nodes (r=-0.25, P=0.013, vaso-invasion (r=-0.24, P=0.017, and clinical tumor node metastasis stage (r=-0.23, P=0.024. Altogether, 1,048 genes were achieved by the concurrent prediction from at least four databases and natural language processing indicated 1,800 genes for HCC. Further, 127 overlapping targets were further proceeded with for pathway analysis. The most enriched Gene Ontology terms in the potential target messenger RNAs of mi

  16. Epithelial ovarian tumors: Clinicopathological correlation and immunohistochemical study

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background: Ovarian cancer is the third leading site of cancer among women, trailing behind cervix and breast cancer. Aim: This study was undertaken to analyze the immunohistochemical (IHC) profile of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), Ki-67, and p53 in various ovarian epithelial tumors and attempt correlation with clinical and histopathological findings. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted over a period of 4 years. A technique of manual tissue ar...

  17. Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of kidney: A clinicopathologic study of six cases

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    Mudassar Hussain

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mucinous tubular and spindle carcinoma (MTSCC of kidney is a rare, low-grade polymorphic tumor. Recent studies have described a wide morphology spectrum of this tumor. Aim: To report the clinico-pathologic features of six cases of MTSCC of kidney. Materials and Methods: Six cases of MTSCC of kidney were studied and literature was reviewed. Immunohistochemistry was done by Envision method. Results: The age of the patients ranged from 44 to 84 years (mean 58.5 years. Four patients were males and two were females. The tumor was located in the left kidney in four cases and in the right kidney in two cases. The tumor size ranged from 4.5 to 15 cm (mean 6.4 cm. All tumors exhibited an admixture of tubules, spindle cells, and mucinous stroma in variable proportions. Tubules were predominant in five cases and spindle cells in one case. Psammomatous calcifications, papillations, and necrosis were seen in two cases. Collections of foamy histiocytes were noted in four cases. Cytoplasmic vacuoles and osseous metaplasia were seen in one case each. All cases were Fuhrman′s nuclear grade II. Five cases were of stage pT1, and one was pT3. All cases stained positive for alcian blue at pH 2.5. Immunohistochemical stain CK7 was positive in all cases and CD10 was positive in 1/1 case. All patients were alive and well at follow-up of 12-59 months (mean 33.5 months. No metastases were detected. Conclusions: We report six cases of MTSCC of kidney, a rare distinct variant of RCC, with a favorable prognosis. A male predominance was seen in our cases. MTSCC shares histologic and immunohistochemical overlap with papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC and cytogenetic analysis should be performed in difficult cases to avoid a misdiagnosis.

  18. Clinicopathological risk factors for recurrence within one year after initial hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Michihiro; Shimizu, Tetsunosuke; Hirokawa, Fumitoshi; Inoue, Yoshihiro; Komeda, Koji; Asakuma, Mitsuhiro; Miyamoto, Yoshiharu; Takeshita, Atsushi; Shibayama, Yuro; Tanigawa, Nobuhiko

    2011-05-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) shows a high rate of recurrence after hepatectomy; predictive factors for early recurrence would help determine optimal therapeutic and management strategies. Among 163 patients with HCC undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent, 46 patients developed recurrence within 1 year. Clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed to identify predictive parameters for early recurrence. Survival rates in cases of recurrence within 1 year were worse than those of no recurrence within 1 year or recurrence after 1 year. Protein induced by vitamin K absence/antagonist II (PIVKA-II) greater than 150, positive fucosylated alpha-fetoprotein (L3-AFP), and deviancy from Milan criteria (MC) on preoperative imaging were associated with high risk of early recurrence and total number of these three risk factors predicted the survival. With multivariate analysis, (1) preoperatively, positive factors of two or more among three items of PIVKA-II, L3-AFP, and deviancy from MC; (2) and postoperatively, pathological cancer spread (microscopic vascular invasion and/or intrahepatic metastasis) both represented risks for early recurrence. A combination of three preoperative factors, PIVKA-II, L3-AFP, and MC status, in conjunction with the postoperative factor of cancer spread status represents a significant indicator for recurrence within 1 year. Improving the prognosis of patients with HCC would depend on how to adequately treat those at high risk of early recurrence.

  19. Ovarian Steroid Cell Tumour: Correlation of Histopathology with Clinicopathologic Features

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    Ghazala Mehdi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian steroid cell tumours (not otherwise specified are rare neoplasms of the ovary and are classified under lipid cell tumours. Their diagnosis can be considered as one of exclusion. Histopathologically, the tumour should carefully be evaluated for microscopic features of malignancy, but it is essential for the clinician and the pathologist to remember that in these tumours, pathologically benign histomorphology does not exclude the possibility of clinically malignant behaviour. Our case study focuses on the comparative findings in a postmenopausal female diagnosed with an ovarian steroid tumour (not otherwise specified. A careful correlation between clinical and surgical evaluation and microscopic analysis is necessary, as is a regular followup.

  20. CD30-positive cutaneous lymphoma: report of four cases with an emphasis on clinicopathological correlations*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Thiago Jeunon de Sousa; Jorge, Samira Barroso; Gonzaga, Yung Bruno de Mello

    2017-01-01

    The classification of cutaneous lymphomas is multidisciplinary and requires the correlation between clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular diagnostic elements. In this article, we present four different cases of CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous manifestations. We compare cases with definitive diagnosis of papulosis lymphomatoid type C, primary cutaneous anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma, systemic anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma with secondary skin involvement, and mycosis fungoides with large cell transformation, highlighting the importance of clinicopathological correlation to classify these cases. PMID:28225962

  1. Epithelial ovarian tumors: Clinicopathological correlation and immunohistochemical study

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    Pooja S Naik

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ovarian cancer is the third leading site of cancer among women, trailing behind cervix and breast cancer. Aim: This study was undertaken to analyze the immunohistochemical (IHC profile of estrogen receptors (ER, progesterone receptors (PR, Ki-67, and p53 in various ovarian epithelial tumors and attempt correlation with clinical and histopathological findings. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted over a period of 4 years. A technique of manual tissue array was employed for cases subjected for IHC. The primary antibodies used were ER, PR, p53, and Ki-67. A correlation was attempted between histopathological and IHC findings. Results were subjected to statistical analysis. Software program "the primer of biostatistics 5.0" was used for calculation of interrelationships between the analyzed ER, PR, p53, and Ki-67 expression and histological factors by Pearson′s Chi-square test. The results were considered to be significant when the P < 0.05. Results: There were 110 cases of surface epithelial ovarian tumors (SEOT encountered over the period of 4 years. The expression of ER was more in malignant tumors (13/16, 81.25% than borderline (9/12, 75% and benign (20/82, 24.39%. As compared to ER, the expression of PR was more in benign (51/82, 62.19% than borderline (8/12, 66.67% and malignant tumors (9/16, 56.25%. The expression of PR was more in benign tumors than borderline and malignant tumors. However, this was not statistically significant (Chi-square = 0.335 with 2 degrees of freedom; P = 0.846. The expression of p53 was less in benign (5/82, 6.1% than borderline (9/12, 75% and malignant tumors (13/16, 81.25%. The expression of Ki-67 was more in malignant (4/82, 4.88% than borderline (10/12, 83.33% and benign tumors (15/16, 93.75%. In all the above cases, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05. There was statistically significant difference in the expression of ER, PR, p53, and Ki-67 in the patients with

  2. Lymphovascular invasion in testicular germ cell tumors: clinicopathological correlates

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    Yaron Ehrlich

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We assessed clinical–pathological correlates of lymphovascular invasion in testicular germ–cell tumors.Material and methods. Archived pathology specimens from 145 patients treated by radical orchiectomy for testicular germ cell tumors at our institution in 1995–2006 were reanalyzed by a dedicated urologic pathologist, and the corresponding medical records were reviewed. The association of lymphovascular invasion with clinical and pathological parameters was tested using stepwise logistic regression analysis.Results. Lymphovascular invasion was identified in 38 (26% patients and was associated with younger age, testicular pain at presentation, elevated serum tumor markers, nonseminoma histology, and advanced clinical stage. Orchalgia was indicated as the impetus for referral in 67 (46% patients and characterized as a dull aching sensation, persistent or intermittent in nature. Among the 98 men diagnosed with clinical stage I, those presenting with testicular pain had a 1.8X–higher likelihood of lymphovascular invasion than those without pain (95% CI 1.13–14.9, p = 0.02, and patients with elevated serum tumor markers had an 8.5–fold increased probability of lymphovascular invasion than those presenting with normal tumor markers (CI 1.1–54.2, p = 0.05. Among men with nonseminoma histology, elevated tumor markers was the strongest predictor of lymphovascular invasion in both univariate and multivariate analyses (OR 5.05, 95% CI 1.16–21.8, p = 0.03.Conclusion. Providing pathologists with information on pre–orchiectomy tumor marker levels and, possibly, testicular pain at presentation may increase their vigilance in searching for lymphovascular invasion, potentially improving their diagnostic accuracy. Whether it may also translate into improved oncological outcomes needs further evaluation.

  3. Rab家族结合蛋白在头颈鳞癌细胞和喉鳞状细胞癌组织中的表达及其临床意义%Correlation of Rab coupling protein expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴耀章; 刘勇; 田秀芬; 张欣

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the RCP protein expression and its clinicopathological significance in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma ( LSCC ) . Methods RCP protein expression in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines (NP⁃69, Tu686, Tu212, M2 and M4) was analyzed by Western blotting. Besides, its expression in 87 cases of LSCC, 18 cases of adjacent epithelial mucosa and 16 cases of vocal cord leukoplakia was detected by immunohistochemistry, and their correlation with clinicopathological parameters and patients’ outcome was analyzed. Results The NP⁃69, Tu212 Tu686, M2 and M4 cells showed a gradual increase in the expression of RCP protein. The average relative expression levels of RCP protein in the NP⁃69, Tu212, Tu686, M2 and M4 cells were 0. 05 ± 0. 01, 0. 38 ± 0. 05, 0. 63 ± 0. 02, 0. 84 ± 0. 06 and 0. 96 ± 0. 04, respectively. The same situation occurred in the adjacent mucosa, vocal cord leukoplakia and LSCC. Specifically, only 3 of 18 adjacent mucosa showed a low RCP expression (scored 0⁃2). Although the 16 cases of vocal cord leukoplakia had a low RCP expression, all their scores ranged from 0 to 3. While in the LSCC specimens, 59 (67. 8%) cases demonstrated a high RCP expression (scored 8⁃15), 18 cases showed a lower RCP expression (scored 4⁃7), and only 10 cases were scored 2⁃3. Among the 87 LSCC cases, there were 28 cases (32. 2%) of low RCP expression and 59 cases of high RCP expression. All the 18 cases of cancer⁃adjacent tissues and 16 cases of vocal cord leukoplakia were of low RCP expression. RCP overexpression was significantly associated with T classification, clinical staging, lymph node metastasis and recurrence (P<0. 05 for all). Survival analysis revealed that the 5⁃year survival rate was 40. 0% in the patients with high RCP expression and 75. 0% in the patients with low RCP expression, the tumor⁃free 5⁃year survival rate was 30. 7% and 64. 0%, respectively, both showing a significant difference between the

  4. Kidney Expression of Toll Like Receptors in Lupus Nephritis: Quantification and Clinicopathological Correlations

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    Fabrizio Conti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The study aimed at locating and quantifying Toll Like Receptor (TLR 3, 7, 8, and 9 expression in kidney of patients with lupus nephritis (LN and correlating them with clinicopathological features. Methods. Kidney sections from 26 LN patients and 4 controls were analyzed by immunohistochemistry using anti-human TLR3, TLR7, TLR8, and TLR9 polyclonal antibodies; the number of TLR-positive nuclei/mm2 was evaluated on digitalized images. Results. Compared to controls, LN showed a significantly higher amount of glomerular and tubulointerstitial TLR9 (p=0.003 and p=0.007, whole and tubulointerstitial TLR3 (p=0.026 and p=0.031, and a higher tubulointerstitial TLR7 (p=0.022. TLR9 positively correlated with activity index (p=0.0063 and tubular TLR7 with chronicity index (p=0.026. TLR9 positively correlated with Renal-SLEDAI (p=0.01. Conclusions. This is the first study quantifying kidney expressions of TLRs in LN patients; the results show an overexpression of TLR3, TLR7, and TLR9 and demonstrate a correlation with clinicopathological indices supporting a role of these mediators in the pathogenesis of LN.

  5. Reversible paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis as the presenting feature of ovarian teratoma: A clinicopathological correlate

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    Rajappa Senthil

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis (PEM is a well-characterized neurological syndrome. Its association with ovarian teratoma is rare. A young lady presented with features suggestive of encephalomyelitis with predominant cerebellar syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging brain was normal. Cerebrospinal fluid showed lymphocytic pleocytosis. Computerized tomography scan of the pelvis revealed a complex left ovarian cyst. With a clinical diagnosis of PEM she underwent a left salpingo-oopherectomy. This was followed by total recovery of the PEM in two weeks. The histopathology revealed immature teratoma. The interesting feature was the clinicopathological correlation between the finding of fetal cerebellar tissue in the tumor and the PEM with predominant cerebellar features.

  6. Expression of connective tissue growth factor in male breast cancer: clinicopathologic correlations and prognostic value.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miangela M Lacle

    Full Text Available Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2 is a member of the CCN family of secreted proteins that are believed to play an important role in the development of neoplasia. In particular, CTGF has been reported to play an important role in mammary tumorigenesis and to have prognostic value in female breast cancer (FBC. The aim of the present study was to investigate clinicopathologic correlations and prognostic value of CTGF in male breast cancer (MBC and to compare these findings with FBC. For this, we studied CTGF protein expression by immunohistochemistry in 109 MBC cases and 75 FBC cases. In MBC, stromal CTGF expression was seen in the majority of the cases 78% (85/109 with high expression in 31/109 cases (28.4%, but expression in tumor cells was only seen in 9.2% (10/109 of cases. High stromal CTGF expression correlated with high grade and high proliferation index (>15% assessed by MIB-1 immunohistochemical staining. CTGF expression in tumor epithelial cells did not correlate with any of the clinicopathologic features. In FBC, stromal CTGF expression positively correlated with mitotic count and tumor CTGF expression was associated with triple negative status of the tumor (p = 0.002. Neither stromal nor tumor epithelial cell CTGF expression had prognostic value in MBC and FBC. In conclusion, stromal CTGF expression was seen in a high percentage of MBC and was correlated with high grade and high proliferation index. In view of the important role of the microenvironment in cancer progression, this might suggest that stromal CTGF could be an interesting target for novel therapies and molecular imaging. However, the lack of association with prognosis warrants caution. The potential role of CTGF as a therapeutic target for triple negative FBC deserves to be further studied.

  7. Diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma--an update of its clinicopathological features and molecular biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillai, Suja; Gopalan, Vinod; Smith, Robert A; Lam, Alfred K-Y

    2015-04-01

    Diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (DSVPTC) is an uncommon variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this review is to critically analyse the features of this entity. A search of the literature revealed 25 clinicopathological studies with in-depth analysis of features of DSVPTC. Overall, the prevalence of DSVPTC varies from 0.7-6.6% of all papillary thyroid carcinoma. Higher prevalence of DSVPTC was noted in paediatric patients and in patients affected by irradiation. DSVPTC tends to occur more frequently in women and in patients in the third decade of life. Macroscopically, DSVPTC can involve the thyroid gland extensively without forming a dominant mass. Microscopic examination of DSVPTC revealed extensive fibrosis, squamous metaplasia and numerous psammoma bodies. The latter pathological feature can aid in the pre-operative diagnosis of the entity by fine needle aspiration and ultrasound. Compared to conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma, DSVPTC had a higher incidence of lymph node metastases at presentation. Distant metastases were noted in approximately 5% of the cases. Patients with DSVPTC were recommended to be managed by aggressive treatment protocols. It is likely that as a result of this, the prognosis of the patients with DSVPTC was noted to be similar to conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma. Overall, cancer recurrence and cancer related mortality have been reported in 14% and 3%, respectively, of patients with DSVPTC. In immunohistochemical studies, DSVPTC showed different expression patterns of epithelial membrane antigen, galectin 3, cell adhesion molecules, p53 and p63 when compared to conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma. On genetic analysis, the occurrence of BRAF and RAS mutations are uncommon events in DSVPTC and activation of RET/PTC rearrangements are common. To conclude, DSVPTC has different clinical, pathological and molecular profiles when compared to conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma.

  8. Relationship between Preoperative Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Lymph Node Metastasis in Early Gastric Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Cai-Gang; LU Ping; LU Yang; ZHANG Rui-shan; JIN Feng; XU Hui-mian; WANG Shu-bao; CHEN Jun-qing

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the features of the preoperative clinicopathologic characteristics in correlation with lymph node metastasis. Methods: The preoperative clinicopathologic characteristics and lymph node metastasis of 265 patients with early gastric carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The three clinicopathologic characteristics, maximum cancer diameter >2cm under endoscope, poor differentiation and excavated type were significant high risk independent preoperative clinicopathologic characteristics(P<0.05). The patients who had none of the three preoperative clinicopathologic characteristics had no lymph node metastasis, while 27.27% of the patients who had all the three preoperative clinicopathologic characteristics had N2 lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: The three preoperative clinicopathologic characteristics, maximum cancer diameter under endoscope, cell differentiation and gross type were very useful to evaluate the extent of lymph node metastasis.

  9. Mechanistic effects of IVIg in neuroinflammatory diseases: conclusions based on clinicopathologic correlations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalakas, Marinos C

    2014-07-01

    The mechanisms of action of IVIg on immunoregulatory and neuroinflammatory network have been predominantly based on in vitro experiments and animal studies, rather than direct effects on human tissues. Based on clinicopathologic correlations and tissues obtained before and after IVIg therapy, the better documented and clinically-relevant in-vivo actions of IVIg include effects on: a) Antibodies. An extracted antigen-specific anti-immunoglobulin (idiotypic) fraction appears partially responsible for its effect in myasthenia gravis and GBS; b) Complement. Sera from Dermatomyositis (DM) patients responding to IVIg, inhibit complement consumption and intercept MAC formation leading to disappearance of MAC deposits in the repeated muscle biopsies and normalization of muscle tissue; c) Genes. In repeated muscle biopsies from DM patients who improved after IVIg, but not from Inclusion-Body-Myositis (IBM) who did not improve, there is a 2-fold alteration of 2206 tissue genes associated with inflammation, fibrosis, tissue remodeling and regeneration; and d) degenerative-proinflammatory molecules and β-amyloid, implicated in neurodegenerative CNS diseases and IBM. In repeated muscle biopsies of IBM patients who did not respond to IVIg, the mRNA or protein expression for chemokines, IFN-γ, TGF-ß, IL-10, Ubiquitin and aB-crystallin is reduced, but not for the key molecules ICOS, ICOSL, IL-6, IL1-β, perforin, APP, nitric oxide synthase and nitrotyrosine, in spite of good IVIg penetration in muscles. Collectively, the selective effectiveness of IVIg in human diseases seems to correlate in vivo with inhibition of causative inflammatory mediators. Study of accessible tissues before and after therapy and clinicopathologic correlations, may help explain the differential effect of IVIg in autoimmune or neuroinflammatory diseases.

  10. Endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary. A clinicopathological study of 17 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín Jimenez, A; Miralles Pi, R M; Giné Martín, L; Petit Cabello, J; Balagueró Lladó, L

    1994-01-01

    Seventeen patients with endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary were studied in order to establish clinical, surgical and histological prognostic factors. Disease recurred in 7 cases (41%) and statistically correlation was found between presence of ascites above 200 ml, advanced stage of the disease, low level of cellular differentiation and peritoneal disease and/or a residual tumour after surgery. No correlation was found between age at presentation, menopausal status, size of tumour or bilaterality. The estimated survival rate for 5-years was placed between 40%-50%. Pathological study found associated endometrioid disease in 3 cases (20%) (2 adenocarcinomas, 1 hyperplasia with atypias), and ovarian endometriosis in 2 cases (12%). Furthermore, two extremely rare cases are reported: clinical presentation of paraneoplastic dermatomiositis and recurrence at the laparoscopic puncture site.

  11. Loss of keratin 8 phosphorylation leads to increased tumor progression and correlates with clinico-pathological parameters of OSCC patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hunain Alam

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Keratins are cytoplasmic intermediate filament proteins expressed in tissue specific and differentiation dependent manner. Keratins 8 and 18 (K8 and K18 are predominantly expressed in simple epithelial tissues and perform both mechanical and regulatory functions. Aberrant expression of K8 and K18 is associated with neoplastic progression, invasion and poor prognosis in human oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs. K8 and K18 undergo several post-translational modifications including phosphorylation, which are known to regulate their functions in various cellular processes. Although, K8 and K18 phosphorylation is known to regulate cell cycle, cell growth and apoptosis, its significance in cell migration and/or neoplastic progression is largely unknown. In the present study we have investigated the role of K8 phosphorylation in cell migration and/or neoplastic progression in OSCC. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To understand the role of K8 phosphorylation in neoplastic progression of OSCC, shRNA-resistant K8 phospho-mutants of Ser73 and Ser431 were overexpressed in K8-knockdown human AW13516 cells (derived from SCC of tongue; generated previously. Wound healing assays and tumor growth in NOD-SCID mice were performed to analyze the cell motility and tumorigenicity respectively in overexpressed clones. The overexpressed K8 phospho-mutants clones showed significant increase in cell migration and tumorigenicity as compared with K8 wild type clones. Furthermore, loss of K8 Ser73 and Ser431 phosphorylation was also observed in human OSCC tissues analyzed by immunohistochemistry, where their dephosphorylation significantly correlated with size, lymph node metastasis and stage of the tumor. CONCLUSION AND SIGNIFICANCE: Our results provide first evidence of a potential role of K8 phosphorylation in cell migration and/or tumorigenicity in OSCC. Moreover, correlation studies of K8 dephosphorylation with clinico-pathological parameters of OSCC

  12. The clinicopathological significance and ethnic difference of FHIT hypermethylation in non-small-cell lung carcinoma: a meta-analysis and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiaoyu; Wu, Guannan; Yao, Xuequan; Hou, Gang; Jiang, Feng

    2016-01-01

    Emerging evidence indicates that FHIT is a candidate tumor suppressor in many types of tumors including non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). However, the prognostic value and correlation between FHIT hypermethylation and clinicopathological characteristics of NSCLC remains unclear. In this report, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of FHIT hypermethylation on the incidence of NSCLC and clinicopathological characteristics of human NSCLC patients. Final analysis of 1,801 NSCLC patients from 18 eligible studies was performed. FHIT hypermethylation was found to be significantly higher in NSCLC than in normal lung tissue. The pooled odds ratio (OR) from ten studies included 819 NSCLC and 792 normal lung tissues (OR =7.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] =2.98-18.91, P<0.0001). Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity implied that FHIT hypermethylation level was higher in NSCLC tissues than in normal tissues in both Caucasians (P=0.02) and Asians (P<0.0001), indicating that the difference in Asians was much more significant. FHIT hypermethylation was also correlated with sex status, smoking status, as well as pathological types. In addition, patients with FHIT hypermethylation had a lower survival rate than those without (hazard ratio =1.73, 95% CI =1.10-2.71, P=0.02). The results of this meta-analysis suggest that FHIT hypermethylation is associated with an increased risk and poor survival in NSCLC patients. FHIT hypermethylation, which induces the inactivation of FHIT gene, plays an important role in the carcinogenesis and clinical outcome and may serve as a potential diagnostic marker and drug target of NSCLC.

  13. Relation among p130Cas, E-cadherin andβ-catenin expression, clinicopathologic signiifcance and prognosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Guo; Qing-Guang Liu; Wei Yang; Zheng-Liang Zhang; Ying-Min Yao

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:p130Cas (p130Crk-associated substance) is a junction protein that is important to the adhesion between cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix. Also, the adhesion molecules E-cadherin and β-catenin play important roles in the invasiveness of carcinoma. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of p130Cas, E-cadherin andβ-catenin on the invasion, metastasis and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS:Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of p130Cas, E-cadherin, and β-catenin in 40 patients with HCC. All patients were followed up postoperatively, and the relationship between expression and clinicopathological prognostic parameters was analyzed. RESULTS: The positive expression rates of p130Cas and E-cadherin in HCC tissue (n=40) were 62.50%and 55.00%, but in normal liver tissue 10%, and 100%, respectively (P CONCLUSIONS:In HCC, there is a negative correlation between the positive expression of p130Cas and the normal expression of the adhesion molecules E-cadherin/β-catenin, and p130Cas plays important roles in the invasion, metastasis and prognosis of HCC. p130Cas may be involved in alterating the structure and function of E-cadherin/β-catenin, by regulating tyrosine phosphorylation via the p130Cas-Src signal pathway.

  14. Sonographic and cytopathologic correlation of papillary thyroid carcinoma variants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji Hyun; Shin, Jung Hee; Lee, Hyun-Woo; Oh, Young Lyun; Hahn, Soo Yeon; Ko, Eun Young

    2015-01-01

    Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid cancer and constitutes more than 70% of thyroid malignancies. Although TNM staging is the most widely used parameter for determination of therapeutic plans, recent studies have suggested that different histopathologic variants of PTC can also have different clinical courses and patient prognoses. Sonographic criteria for PTC are well established and include a taller-than-wide shape, an irregular margin, microcalcifications, and marked hypoechogenicity. The role of sonography has expanded to enable the characterization of PTC variants based on their sonographic features. Tall cell and diffuse sclerosing variants appear to have more aggressive clinical courses with unfavorable prognoses, whereas the more recently described cribriform-morular and Warthin-like variants have relatively indolent clinical courses. The prognoses of patients with follicular, solid, columnar cell, and oncocytic variants are still controversial and may be similar to the prognosis of conventional PTC. Understanding the sonographic characteristics of PTC variants with clinicopathologic correlation may be helpful for suggesting an appropriate treatment plan.

  15. Verrucoid Variant of Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Oral Submucous Fibrosis: A Clinicopathological Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramani, Priya; Krithika, C.; Ananthalakshmi, R.; Jagdish, Praveena; Janardhanan, Sunitha; Jeevakarunyam, Sathiyajeeva

    2016-01-01

    Verrucous carcinoma (VC) is an exophytic, low-grade, well-differentiated variant of squamous cell carcinoma. It is described as a lesion appearing in the sixth or seventh decade of life that has minimal aggressive potential and, in long-standing cases, has been shown to transform into squamous cell carcinoma. Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder, and about one-third of the affected population develop oral squamous cell carcinoma. The histopathological diagnosis of verrucous carcinoma is challenging, and the interpretation of early squamous cell carcinoma requires immense experience. Here we present a rare case of a 24-year-old male with OSMF transforming to verrucous carcinoma with invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Even though the case had a straightforward clinical diagnosis, the serial sectioning done for pathological diagnosis disclosed the squamous cell carcinoma.

  16. Clinicopathological and prognostic implications of endoglin (CD105) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma and its adjacent non-tumorous liver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joanna W. Ho; Ronnie T. Poon; Chris K. Sun; Wei-Cheng Xue; Sheung-Tat Fan

    2005-01-01

    AIM: The expression pattern of endoglin (CD105) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been reported so far. We hypothesized that CD105 could differentially highlight a subset of microvessels in HCC, and intratumoral microvessel density (IMVD) by CD105 immunostaining (IMVD-CD105) could provide better prognostic information than IMVD by CD34 immunostaining (IMVD-CD34).METHODS: Paraffin blocks of tumor and adjacent nontumorous liver tissues from 86 patients who underwent curative resection of HCC were used for this study. Serial sections were stained for CD105 and CD34, respectively,to highlight the microvessels. IMVD was counted according to a standard protocol.RESULTS: In the HCC tissues, CD105 was either negatively or positively stained only in a subset of microvessels. In contrast, CD34 showed positive and more extensive microvessel staining in all cases examined. However, in the adjacent non-tumorous liver sections, CD105 showed a diffuse pattern of microvessel staining in 20 of 86 cases,while CD34 showed negative or only focal staining of the sinusoids around portal area. Correlation with clinicopathological data demonstrated that lower scores of IMVD-CD105 were found in larger sized tumors [mean 41.4/0.74 mm2 (>5 cm tumor) vs 65.9/0.74 mm2(≤ 5 cm tumor), P = 0.043] and more aggressive tumors,as indicated by venous infiltration [36.8/0.74 mm2 (present)vs 64.2/0.74 mm2 (absent), P = 0.020], microsatellite nodules [35.1/0.74 mm2 (present) vs 65.9/0.74 mm2(absent), P = 0.012], and advanced TNM tumor stage [38.8/0.74 mm2 (stage 3 or 4) vs 68.3/0.74 mm2 (stage 1or 2), P = 0.014]. No prognostic significance was observed when median values were used as cut-off points using either IMVD-CD105 or IMVD-CD34. However, the presence of the diffuse pattern of CD105 expression in the adjacent non-tumorous liver tissues predicted a poorer disease-free survival (median 8.6 vs 21.5 mo, P = 0.026).CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that a lower IMVDCD105 is associated with

  17. Expression of p16 gene and Rb protein in gastric carcinoma and their clinicopathological significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiu-Sheng He; Ying-Hui Rong; Qi Su; Qiao Luo; Dong-Mei He; Yan-Lan Li; Yan Chen

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the correlation between the protein expression of p16 and Rb genes in gastric carcinoma (GC),to investigate the role of p16 gene in invasion and lymph node metastasis of GC, and to examine the deletion and mutation in exon 2 of p16 gene in GC.METHODS: The protein expression of p16 and Rb genes was examined by streptavidin-peroxidase conjugated method (S-P) in normal gastric mucosa, dysplastic gastric mucosa and GC. The deletion and mutation of p16 gene were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and polymerase chain reaction single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) respectively in normal gastric mucosa and GC.RESULTS: The positive rates of P16 and Rb protein expression respectively were 96% (77/80) and 99%(79/80) in normal gastric mucosa, 92% (45/50) and 80%(40/50) in dysplastic gastric mucosa, 48% (58/122) and 60% (73/122) in GC. The positive rates of P16 and Rb protein expression in GC were significantly lower than that in normal gastric mucosa and dysplastic gastric mucosa (P<0.05). The positive rate of P16 protein expression in mucoid carcinoma (10%, 1/10) was significantly lower than that in poorly differentiated carcinoma (51%, 21/41),undifferentiated carcinoma (58%, 15/26) and signet ring cell carcinoma (62%, 10/16) (P<0.05). The positive rates of P16 protein in 30 cases of paired primary and lymph node metastatic GC were 47% (14/30) and 17% (5/30)respectively, being significantly lower in the later than in the former (P<0.05). There was no mutation in exon 2 of p16 gene in the 25 freshly resected primary GCs. But five cases in the 25 freshly resected primary GCs displayed deletion in exon 2 of p16 gene. The positive rate of both P16 and Rb proteins was 16% (14/90), and the negative rate of both P16 and Rb proteins was 8% (7/90) in 90GCs. The rate of positive P16 protein with negative Rb protein was 33% (30/90). The rate of negative P16 protein with positive Rb protein was 43% (39/90). There was reverse correlation

  18. Diabetes: one of few remarkable differences in clinicopathologic features between cirrhotic and noncirrhotic Swedes with hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaczynski, Jerzy; Hansson, Göran; Wallerstedt, Sven

    2006-04-01

    The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually very poor, so increased knowledge of clinicopathologic characteristics and etiologic factors may improve the clinical handling. Because HCC in many patients is unrecognized before death, it is of particular interest to study cases from a period with a high autopsy frequency. The records and liver biopsies from all patients with a diagnosis of primary liver cancer in Göteborg, Sweden, during a 22-year period were scrutinized. Only patients with evaluable non-neoplastic liver tissue were included in the final analysis. The majority (95%) of 478 HCC cases were autopsied and cirrhosis of the liver could be established in 71%. At presentation, general paramalignant symptoms such as malaise, weight loss, anorexia, and hepatomegaly (84%) were common irrespective of cirrhosis. Alcoholism and diabetes mellitus were each significantly more common among cirrhotics (29% and 20%, respectively; P diabetes and cirrhosis was independent of reported alcoholism. In an unselected population in a low HCC incidence area, there are few differences in clinicopathologic features between cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients. Diabetes mellitus seems to play an etiologic role in HCC in cirrhotics, and cholelithiasis in noncirrhotics.

  19. Clinicopathologic features of sentinel node metastases predictive of positive axillary clearance in grade 1 invasive breast carcinoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hayes, B

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Sentinel node (SN) biopsy is widely used to stage breast carcinoma and, when positive, typically leads to axillary clearance (AC). AIMS: This study assesses clinicopathologic features of grade 1 breast carcinoma SNs with the aim of identifying a group of patients, who are likely to have a negative AC and can, therefore, safely be spared further surgery. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty-seven patients with grade 1 invasive carcinoma were identified, of whom 29 had a positive SN. Four patients (13.8%) had a positive AC. Positive AC occurred in 3 of 6 (50%) patients whose SN showed extranodal extension (EE), but in only 1 of 23 (4.3%) patients without EE. All patients were staged as pN1(sn) following SN biopsy: only one, who had a 5.27 mm metastasis with EE, was pN2 following AC. CONCLUSIONS: Extranodal extension is a significant predictor of a positive AC in this group. In its absence, AC did not alter the post-SN biopsy pN stage.

  20. Intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws-A clinicopathologic review. Part I: Metastatic and salivary-type carcinomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woolgar, J.A.; Triantafyllou, A.; Ferlito, A.; Devaney, K.O.; Lewis Jr., J.S.; Rinaldo, A.; Slootweg, P.J.; Barnes, L.

    2013-01-01

    This is the first part of a 3-part comprehensive review of intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws. We have outlined 4 groups of intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws (metastatic, salivary-type, odontogenic, and primary intraosseous carcinoma), emphasizing the need for accurate diagnosis and the problems as

  1. Clinicopathological Characteristics and Survival Outcomes of Invasive Cribriform Carcinoma of Breast: A SEER Population-Based Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xi-Yu; Jiang, Yi-Zhou; Liu, Yi-Rong; Zuo, Wen-Jia; Shao, Zhi-Ming

    2015-08-01

    Invasive cribriform carcinoma (ICC) is a rare histologic subtype of breast cancer. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of ICC.Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we identified 233,337 female patients diagnosed with ICC (n = 618) or infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) (n = 232,719). Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were utilized to calculate and compare disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS). A 1:1 paired match was carried out on age, tumor stage, tumor grade, estrogen receptor (ER) status, and progesterone receptor (PR) status. Baseline characteristics and survival outcomes were also analyzed in ER-positive tumors. Subgroup analyses summarized the hazard ratio (HR) of IDC versus ICC using a forest plot.ICCs presented smaller size, lower grade, higher ER and PR positive rate, less nodal metastasis, and were less likely to be treated with mastectomy compared to IDCs. Five-year DSS rates were significantly better for patients with ICC than for patients with IDC (98.8% vs. 93%, P analysis, patients with ICC showed limited DSS advantage over the IDC group (HR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.38-1.51, P = 0.421). No significant difference in DSS nor OS was observed in matched groups between ICC and IDC. Analysis among ER-positive patients revealed similar prognostic factors as among all patients. Survival analysis in different tumor grade subgroups showed no significant difference between ICC and IDC.ICCs have unique clinicopathological characteristics, higher rates of breast-conserving surgery, and more favorable prognosis compared to the overall IDC population. Difference in tumor grade between the 2 groups may partially explain the different outcome. Improved clinical and biological understanding of ICC might lead to more individualized and tailored therapy for breast cancer patients.

  2. Clinicopathological correlation of parapapillary atrophy in monkeys with experimental glaucoma and temporary central retinal artery occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jost B Jonas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological correlation of parapapillary atrophy. Materials and Methods: The study included 16 eyes of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta - 4 eyes with experimental glaucoma, 11 eyes after experimental temporary occlusion of the central retinal artery, and 1 normal eye. On histological sections, we measured zones with different histological characteristics.On fundus photographs, alpha zone and beta zone of parapapillary atrophy were measured and correlated with the histological data. Results: The size of the clinical alpha zone of parapapillary atrophy was significantly correlated with the size of the histological region with irregularities of the retinal pigment epithelium (P = 0.05; correlation coefficient r = 0.49 and with the size of the histological region with a decreased density of retinal photoreceptors (P = 0.01; r = 0.60. The size of clinical beta zone of parapapillary atrophy significantly correlated with the size of the histological region with complete loss of the retinal pigment epithelium (P <0.001; r = 0.91, with the size of the histological zone with a complete loss of photoreceptors (P <0.001; r = 0.81, and with the size of the histological zone with a closed choriocapillaris (P <0.001; r = 0.89. Conclusions: The clinically seen alpha zone of parapapillary atrophy correlates with histological parapapillary irregularities of the retinal pigment epithelium and decreased density of retinal photoreceptors. The clinically seen beta zone of parapapillary atrophy correlates with histological complete loss of the retinal pigment epithelium and of the photoreceptors, and a closure of the choriocapillaris.

  3. APOBEC3G expression is correlated with poor prognosis in colon carcinoma patients with hepatic metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Huanrong; Jin, Ketao; Gan, Meifu; Wen, Shouxiang; Bi, Tienan; Zhou, Shenkang; Zhu, Naibiao; Teng, Lisong; Yu, Wenjie

    2014-01-01

    Increased expression of apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3G (APOBEC3G) in human primary colorectal tumors and hepatic metastasis has been detected. However, the clinical relevance of APOBEC3G in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of APOBEC3G in colon carcinoma patients with hepatic metastasis after hepatic resection. APOBEC3G expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in paraffin-embedded primary colon carcinoma and paired hepatic metastasis tissues from 136 patients with liver metastasis from colon carcinoma that underwent hepatic resection. The relation between APOBEC3G expression and clinicopathologic factors and long-term prognosis in these 136 patients was retrospectively examined. The prognostic significance of negative or positive APOBEC3G expression in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis was assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank tests. Positive expression of APOBEC3G was correlated with liver metastasis of colon cancer. Univariate analysis indicated significantly worse overall survival (OS) for patients with a positive APOBEC3G expression in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis than for patients with a negative APOBEC3G expression. Multivariate analysis showed positive-APOBEC3G in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis to be an independent prognostic factor for OS after hepatic resection (P = 0.000). Positive expression of APOBEC3G was statistically significantly associated with poor prognosis of colon carcinoma patients with hepatic metastasis. APOBEC3G could be a novel predictor for poor prognosis of colon carcinoma patients with hepatic metastasis after hepatic resection.

  4. Pancreatic (acinar) metaplasia of the gastric mucosa. Histology, ultrastructure, immunocytochemistry, and clinicopathologic correlations of 101 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doglioni, C; Laurino, L; Dei Tos, A P; De Boni, M; Franzin, G; Braidotti, P; Viale, G

    1993-11-01

    The occasional finding within the gastric mucosa of unidentified epithelial cells with morphological features closely resembling those of pancreatic acinar cells has prompted us to investigate a retrospective series of 8,430 consecutive gastric biopsies and of 126 surgical specimens of gastric resection and total gastrectomy. The aims of the study were to morphologically and immunocytochemically characterize these cells, to define their actual prevalence in a large series of unselected cases, and to assess the clinicopathologic correlates of their occurrence. Pancreatic acinar-like cells characterized by abundant cytoplasm, which was acidophilic and finely granular in the apical and middle portions and basophilic in the basal compartment, have been identified in 101 cases (84 gastric biopsies and 17 gastrectomies). These cells, arranged in nests or in variably sized lobules among the gastric glands, were morphologically indistinguishable from pancreatic acinar cells, both by light and by electron microscopy. Furthermore, they were consistently immunoreactive for pancreatic lipase and trypsinogen and, in 75% of the cases, for pancreatic alpha-amylase. The appearance of these cells within the gastric mucosa was correlated significantly with chronic gastritis (p = 0.032) and with the simultaneous occurrence of intestinal and pyloric types of gastric metaplasia (p = 0.021). The findings indicate that this is a previously unrecognized pancreatic (acinar) metaplasia of the gastric mucosa, clinically and morphologically distinct from pancreatic heterotopia.

  5. Intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws--a clinicopathologic review. Part I: Metastatic and salivary-type carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolgar, Julia A; Triantafyllou, Asterios; Ferlito, Alfio; Devaney, Kenneth O; Lewis, James S; Rinaldo, Alessandra; Slootweg, Pieter J; Barnes, Leon

    2013-06-01

    This is the first part of a 3-part comprehensive review of intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws. We have outlined 4 groups of intraosseous carcinoma of the jaws (metastatic, salivary-type, odontogenic, and primary intraosseous carcinoma), emphasizing the need for accurate diagnosis and the problems associated with changing classification systems, standardization of diagnostic criteria and nomenclature, and the accuracy of existing literature. In this first part, the features of metastatic and the very rare salivary-type carcinomas of the jaws are examined with particular emphasis on histologic and immunohistochemical characteristics, diagnostic difficulties, and uncertainties.

  6. Expression of BNIP3 in invasive breast cancer: correlations with the hypoxic response and clinicopathological features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Weger Roel A

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP3 is a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family induced under hypoxia. Low or absent expression has recently been described in human tumors, including gastrointestinal tumors, resulting in poor prognosis. Little is known about BNIP3 expression in invasive breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of BNIP3 in invasive breast cancer at the mRNA and protein level in correlation with the hypoxic response and clinicopathological features. Methods In 40 cases of invasive breast cancer, BNIP3 mRNA in situ hybridization was performed on frozen sections with a digoxigenin labeled anti-BNIP3 probe. Paraffin embedded sections of the same specimens were used to determine protein expression of BNIP3, Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α and its downstream targets Glucose Transporter 1 (Glut-1 and Carbonic Anhydrase (CAIX by immunohistochemistry. Results BNIP3 mRNA was expressed in 16/40 (40% of the cases and correlated with BNIP3 protein expression (p = 0.0218. Neither BNIP3 protein nor mRNA expression correlated with expression of HIF-1α expression or its downstream targets. Tumors which showed loss of expression of BNIP3 had significantly more often lymph node metastases (82% vs 39%, p = 0.010 and showed a higher mitotic activity index (p = 0.027. BNIP3 protein expression was often nuclear in normal breast, but cytoplasmic in tumor cells. Conclusion BNIP3 expression is lost in a significant portion of invasive breast cancers, which is correlated with poor prognostic features such as positive lymph node status and high proliferation, but not with the hypoxic response.

  7. Clinico-pathological studies on the effects of preoperative hyperthermo-chemo-radiotherapy for advanced esophageal carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, Tsutomu; Ide, Hiroko; Eguchi, Reiki (Tokyo Women' s Medical Coll. (Japan)) (and others)

    1991-12-01

    We report clinico-pathological studies on the effect of preoperative hyperthermia and chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy (HCR) for progress of the local curability of advanced esophageal carcinoma. The subjects of these studies were 17 patients who underwent subtotal esophagectomy after preoperative irradiation of 40 Gy from 1980 to 1989, of which 8 patients had HCR, 6 patients irradiation only (R), 3 patients both irradiation and chemotherapy (CR). The clinical response rate of the patients with R or CR was 33% (PR 3, MR 3, NC 3), and the histological effective (Ef{sub 3} or Ef{sub 2}) rate was 56% (Ef{sub 3} 1, Ef{sub 2} 4, Ef{sub 1} 4). The clinical response rate of the patients with HCR was 88% (PR 7, MR 1), and the histological effective rate was 100% (Ef{sub 3} 1, Ef{sub 2} 7). HCR was more effective than R or CR for the local lesion of esophageal carcinoma histopathologically (p<0.05). However, the survival rate of patients with HCR was similar to R and CR, respectively. These results suggest that further improvement of the heating methods and the methods of combining hyperthermia with irradiation and chemotherapy is needed. (author).

  8. Papillary squamous cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified (NOS) of the penis: clinicopathologic features, differential diagnosis, and outcome of 35 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaux, Alcides; Soares, Fernando; Rodríguez, Ingrid; Barreto, José; Lezcano, Cecilia; Torres, José; Velazquez, Elsa F; Cubilla, Antonio L

    2010-02-01

    There is a group of low-grade papillomatous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the penis, collectively designated as "verruciform," that are difficult to classify. A proposal of classification grouped these tumors in warty (condylomatous), verrucous, and papillary carcinomas. Papillary SCC, not otherwise specified is the third distinctive type of penile low-grade verruciform neoplasms. We are presenting clinicopathologic features of 35 cases from 2 institutions. All specimens were penectomies or circumcisions. Mean age was 57 years. Sites of involvement were glans alone in 18 cases (51%), glans, coronal sulcus and foreskin in 13 cases (37%), glans and sulcus in 3 cases (9%), and foreskin in 1 case (3%). Papillary carcinomas were large (mean 5.6 cm) exophytic low-grade squamous neoplasms with hyperkeratosis and papillomatosis. Papillae were variable in length and shape. The tip was straight, undulated, spiky, or blunt. There was no koilocytosis. The interface between tumor and stroma was characteristically jagged and a moderate stromal reaction was evident in most cases. The majority of the tumors (94%) showed a low-grade histology with focally present poorly differentiated areas in 6% of the cases. The mean thickness of the tumor was 9.4 mm. The most commonly invaded anatomic levels were the corpus spongiosum and/or dartos (77% cases). Corpus cavernosum was invaded in 8 cases (23%). Vascular and perineural invasion were unusual. Frequent associated lesions were squamous hyperplasia, differentiated penile intraepithelial neoplasia, and lichen sclerosus (74%, 46%, and 34%, respectively). Nodal metastases were identified in 3 of 12 patients with bilateral groin dissections. Of the 20 patients followed, 18 were either with no evidence of disease (15 cases) or died from unrelated causes (3 cases). One patient was alive with evidence of systemic metastases and 1 died from disseminated penile cancer 32 months after original penectomy. In conclusion, papillary carcinomas

  9. Differential DNA methylation profiles in gynecological cancers and correlation with clinico-pathological data

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    Tsang Percy CK

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epigenetic gene silencing is one of the major causes of carcinogenesis. Its widespread occurrence in cancer genome could inactivate many cellular pathways including DNA repair, cell cycle control, apoptosis, cell adherence, and detoxification. The abnormal promoter methylation might be a potential molecular marker for cancer management. Methods For rapid identification of potential targets for aberrant methylation in gynecological cancers, methylation status of the CpG islands of 34 genes was determined using pooled DNA approach and methylation-specific PCR. Pooled DNA mixture from each cancer type (50 cervical cancers, 50 endometrial cancers and 50 ovarian cancers was made to form three test samples. The corresponding normal DNA from the patients of each cancer type was also pooled to form the other three control samples. Methylated alleles detected in tumors, but not in normal controls, were indicative of aberrant methylation in tumors. Having identified potential markers, frequencies of methylation were further analyzed in individual samples. Markers identified are used to correlate with clinico-pathological data of tumors using χ2 or Fisher's exact test. Results APC and p16 were hypermethylated across the three cancers. MINT31 and PTEN were hypermethylated in cervical and ovarian cancers. Specific methylation was found in cervical cancer (including CDH1, DAPK, MGMT and MINT2, endometrial cancer (CASP8, CDH13, hMLH1 and p73, and ovarian cancer (BRCA1, p14, p15, RIZ1 and TMS1. The frequencies of occurrence of hypermethylation in 4 candidate genes in individual samples of each cancer type (DAPK, MGMT, p16 and PTEN in 127 cervical cancers; APC, CDH13, hMLH1 and p16 in 60 endometrial cancers; and BRCA1, p14, p16 and PTEN in 49 ovarian cancers were examined for further confirmation. Incidence varied among different genes and in different cancer types ranging from the lowest 8.2% (PTEN in ovarian cancer to the highest 56

  10. Relationship between proliferative activity of cancer cells and clinicopathological factors in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun-Xing Huang; Wei Yan; Zheng-Xiang Song; Rong-Yu Qian; Ping Chen; Eeva Salminen; Jorma Toppari

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To assess whether the molecular markers of malignant tumors could improve the understanding of tumor characteristics, and to observe the characteristics of expression of cell cycle markers Ki-67 and cydin A in esophageal carcinoma and to analyze the relationship between proliferative activity of cancer cells and clinicopathological factors.METHODS: Seventy of surgically resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were examined by immunohistochemistry utilizing commercially available antibodies. Nuclear staining was regarded as a positive result. At least 50 fields in each tumor and non-tumor section were evaluated at a medium power (x200) to determine the proportion of tumor cells and the staining intensity of nuclei in the entire sections.RESULTS: Ki-67 and cyclin A were only expressed in base cells of normal esophageal mucosa. The positive immunostaining of nuclei of SCC was significantly higher than that in normal esophageal mucosa (t= 13.32 and t= 7.52,respectively, P<0.01). The distribution of positively stained was more diffuse and stronger in poorly differentiated SCC. Both Ki-67 and cyclin A expressions were related to histological grades of tumors (t = 3.5675 and t = 3.916; t= 2.13, respectively, P<0.05) but not to the sex and age of the patients, tumor size, lymphatic invasion, location, or stage grouping.CONCLUSION: The proliferative activity of cancer cells may be understood by immunohistochemistry of Ki-67 and cyclin A in Chinese patients with esophageal SCC. These cell cycle markers may serve as an indicator of cancer cell proliferation rate. The overexpression of cell cycle markers Ki-67 and cyclin A suggests the poor SCC differentiation in patients with esophageal carcinoma.

  11. Analysis of Clinicopathologic Features of Esophageal Carcinoma Patients Undergoing Surgery-a Report of 4,329 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Liu; Liyun Guan; Yumin Ping; Xianli Meng; Rui Wang; Junfeng Liu; Xiaoling Wang; Xishan Hao; Ying Jin; Haixin Li; Linan Song; Shijie Wang; Peizhong Wang; Yong Chen; Qian Fan

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinicopathological features of esophageal carcinoma (EC) patients, and to analyze epidemiologic characteristics and the current situation of esophageal cancioma in the southern area of Hebei Province.METHODS A total of 4329 patients with esophageal cancinoma,undergoing surgery in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University during a period from January 1996 to December 2005,were selected. Collection and statistical analysis of the pathologic data were performed using a SAS 6.0 software package.RESULTS Over the past ten years, there has been a tendency for an increase in the mean age of EC onset (P < 0.05), a downtrend in the percentage of squamous cancer (SqCa) (P < 0.05) and an uptrend in the frequency of small cell carcinoma (P < 0.05). In clinical stages, there was a drop in the percentage of Stage-Ⅱsquamous EC patients (P < 0.05), and an increase in that of Stage-Ⅳ patients (P < 0.05). There were statistical differences in sex, age,pathologic types, depth of infiltration, ratio of stages and lymph node metastasis, etc. Among the superior, middle and inferior segments of the EC diseased region (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION It was relatively late for the EC patients from this area to see a doctor, resulting in a drop in the ratio of SqCa and an ascensus in that of small cell cancer. However, due to a low incidence of adenocarcinoma, no obvious ascending tendency was found in the frequency of this carcinoma over the past ten years.

  12. Studies on the relationship of pleiotrophin and MMP2 with the clinicopathological features of invasive breast carcinoma

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    Bo ZHANG

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To study the correlation between the expressions of both pleitropin (PTN and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2 to the clinicopathological features of patients with breast cancer. Methods The pathological specimens were collected from 103 cases of invasive breast cancer, including 51 cases of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC, i.e. all the estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 were negatively expressed and 52 cases of non-TNBC. Ten specimens of paraneoplastic tissue were also collected as controls. The expressions of PTN and MMP2 were detected with immunohistochemical method, and the correlation of PTN and MMP2 expressions to the clinicopathological features of breast cancer (age, tumor size, histopathological grading and axillary lymph node metastases was assessed. Results Among the 103 patients with breast cancer, no statistical difference was found between TNBC group and non-TNBC group in age of onset, tumor size and the axillary lymph node metastasis (P > 0.05, but significant difference was found in histopathological grading (P < 0.05. The positive rate of PTN expression was 83.5% (86/103, and of MMP2 expression was 68% (70/103, and no significant difference was found between TNBC group and non-TNBC group. The expressions of PTN and MMP2 were correlated with the age of onset, histopathological grading and axillary lymph node metastasis, but showed poor consistency in breast cancer (Kappa coefficient=0.1817, 95% CI=-0.0091-0.3726; Z=2.0212, P=0.0433. Conclusions The expression of PTN and MMP2 is correlated with the age, histopathological grading and axillary lymph node metastasis of patients with invasive breast cancer, and not correlated with TNBC. The expression of PTN and MMP2 shows poor consistency in invasive breast cancer.

  13. Epidemiological, Clinico-Pathological Profile and Management of Colorectal Carcinoma in a Tertiary Referral Center of Eastern India

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    Shyamal Kumar Halder

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The colorectal carcinoma is a common cancer in males and in females and second most common cause of death in Europe and third commonest cause in the United States. Recent Indian study shows that there is a significant increase in incidence of colonic carcinoma but the incidence of rectal carcinoma remains steady. Aims and Objectives: This prospective study was undertaken to assess the clinico-pathological profile and management of colorectal malignancy in a tertiary referral institute of eastern India and to compare the above data with the data from the western world. Material and Methods: The patients admitted with the diagnosis of colorectal carcinoma in IPGME and R (SSKM, a tertiary hospital in eastern India, between January 2006 and December 2010, were included in this study. These patients were prospectively analyzed for age, sex, site of the lesion, clinical presentations, nature of the growth and types of surgery performed. Results: 192 patients were included in this study of which 78 patients were of younger age group (35 years. The mean age of this series was 44.1 years. The male to female ratio of younger and older group was 1.68:1 and 1.85:1 respectively. Reetal bleeding was the commenest symptom irrespective of age and sex. Pain in abdomen (39.7% and intestinal obstruction (21.8% were the predominant presenting features in the patients of younger group whereas weight loss was commonest presenting feature in the patients of older age group. Most common histological type, irrespective of age, was adenocarcinoma (93.8%. Overall, right sided colonic growth was more common in females while rectum was the commonest site of affection in males. The patients of younger age group presented in advanced stage like Duke’s C and Duke’s D. Conclusions: The younger patients are diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma. Cancer of right colon is more common than that of left. The younger patients present more often with abdominal pain and

  14. Clinicopathological Features of Endometrial Carcino-ma Associated with Lynch Syndrome in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yingmei WANG; Fengxia XUE; Russell R. BROADDUS; Xia TAO; Susu XIE; Yanbin ZHU

    2009-01-01

    Background and objective To study the clinicopathoiogical characteristics of Lynch syn&ome-associated endometrial carcinoma in China.Methods Twenty-seven patients who fulfilled the Amsterdam Criteria Ⅱ were classified as having Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial carcinoma (Group A), and 331 patients without a family history of cancer were classified as having sporadic endometrial carcinoma (Group B).Results There were 81 malignancies in 27 Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial carcinoma families, including colorectal cancer (CRC, 24.7%), endometrial carcinoma (21.0%), liver (12.3%), stomach (9.9%), lung (6.2%), and breast (6.2%) cancers. Mean age at time of diagnosis was 49.7 years in Group A and 56.3 years in Group B (P=0.004). Second primary cancers occurred in 33.3% of patients in Group A and 5.1% in Group B (P<0.0001). "Ihe most common second primary cancers were colorectal cancer (44%) and ovarian cancer (22%). The percentage of obese patients was higher in Group A (P=0.013). There was no difference between the two groups in incidence of diabetes mellitns or hypertension or in histological type and FIGO stage. The 5-year survival rates for Group A and B were 96.2% and 79.6%, respectively. Prognosis for Group A was better than for Group B (P=0.045).Conclusion Some clinicopathologicai features of Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial carcinoma, such as early onset and multiple primary carcinomas, are similar in the Chinese and American/European populations. However, the Chinese population had a unique family cancer distribution that included lung and breast cancers. An increased number of grade 1 endometrioid tumors and a better prognosis imply better biobehavior in Chinese Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial carcinoma. Obesity may be a co-contributing factor for development of Lynch syndrome associated endometrial cancer in China.

  15. Prognostic and clinicopathological features of E-cadherin, α-catenin, β-catenin, γ-catenin and D1 cyclin expression in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying-Cheng Lin; Ming-Yao Wu; De-Rui Li; Xian-Ying Wu; Rui-Ming Zheng

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the expression of E-cadherin, α-catenin,β-catenin, γ-catenin and cyclin D1 in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and analyze their interrelationship with clinicopathological variables and their effects on prognosis.METHODS: Expression of E-cadherin, α-catenin, β-catenin,γ-catenin and cyclin D1 was determined by EnVision or SABC immunohistochemical technique in patients with ESCC consecutively, their correlation with clinical characteristics was evaluated and analyzed by univariate analysis.RESULTS: The reduced expression rate of E-cadherin, α-catenin, β-catenin and γ-catenin was 88.7%, 69.4%, 35.5%and 53.2%, respectively. Cyclin D1 positive expression rate was 56.5%. Expression of γ-catenin was inversely correlated with the degree of tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis (x2 = 4.183 and x2 = 5.035, respectively, P<0.05),whereas the expression of E-cadherin was correlated only with the degree of differentiation (x2 = 5.769, P<0.05).Reduced expression of E-cadherin and γ-catenin was associated with poor differentiation of tumor, reduced expression of γ-catenin was also associated with lymph node metastasis. There obviously existed an inverse correlation between level of E-cadherin and γ-catenin protein and survival. The 3-year survival rates were 100% and56% in E-cadherin preserved expression group and in reduced expression one and were 78% and 48% in γ-catenin preserved expression group and in reduced expression one,respectively. The differences were both statistically significant. Correlation analysis showed the expression level of α-catenin correlated with that of E-cadherin and β-catenin(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The reduced expression of E-cadherin and γ-catenin, but not α-catenin, β-catenin and cydin D1, implies more aggressive malignant behaviors of esophageal carcinoma cells and predicts the poor prognosis of patients.

  16. FRZB up-regulation is correlated with hepatic metastasis and poor prognosis in colon carcinoma patients with hepatic metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yanping; Zhang, Fang; Lan, Huanrong; Chen, Ke; Zhang, Qi; Xie, Guoming; Teng, Lisong; Jin, Ketao

    2015-01-01

    Frizzled-related protein (FRZB) was up-regulated in hepatic metastasis samples compared with primary colon cancer samples in our previous work. However, the clinical relevance of FRZB in colon cancer hepatic metastasis remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of FRZB in patients with colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis after hepatic resection. FRZB expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) primary colon carcinoma and paired hepatic metastasis tissues from 136 patients with liver metastasis from colon carcinoma that underwent hepatic resection. The relation between FRZB expression and clinicopathologic factors and long-term prognosis in these 136 patients was retrospectively examined. The prognostic significance of negative or positive FRZB expression in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis was assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank tests. Positive expression of FRZB was correlated with liver metastasis of colon cancer. Univariate analysis indicated significantly worse overall survival (OS) for patients with a positive FRZB expression in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis than for patients with a negative FRZB expression. Multivariate analysis showed positive-FRZB in colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis to be an independent prognostic factor for OS after hepatic resection (P = 0.001). Positive expression of FRZB was statistically significantly associated with poor prognosis of patients with colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis. FRZB could be a novel predictor for poor prognosis of patients with colon carcinoma hepatic metastasis after hepatic resection.

  17. Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the penis with papillary features: a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cubilla, Antonio L; Lloveras, Belén; Alemany, Laia; Alejo, María; Vidal, August; Kasamatsu, Elena; Clavero, Omar; Alvarado-Cabrero, Isabel; Lynch, Charles; Velasco-Alonso, Julio; Ferrera, Annabelle; Chaux, Alcides; Klaustermeier, Joellen; Quint, Wim; de Sanjosé, Silvia; Muñoz, Nubia; Bosch, Francisco Xavier

    2012-06-01

    There are 3 distinct variants of penile squamous cell carcinoma frequently associated with human papillomavirus (HPV): basaloid, warty-basaloid, and warty carcinomas. Considering the high incidence rates of penile cancer in some countries, a large international study was designed to evaluate the presence of HPV, its genotype distribution, and its association with histologic types of penile cancer. In this international review of >900 cases, we found a group of highly distinct papillary neoplasms composed of basophilic cells resembling urothelial tumors but frequently associated with HPV. Macroscopically, tumors were exophytic or exoendophytic. Microscopically, there was a papillomatous pattern of growth with a central fibrovascular core and small basophilic cells lining the papillae. Positivity for HPV was present in 11 of 12 tumors (92%). Single genotypes found were HPV-16 in 9 tumors and HPV-51 in 1 tumor. Multiple genotypes (HPV-16 and HPV-45) were present in another case. Overexpression of p16 was observed in all cases. Uroplakin-III was negative in all cases. The differential diagnosis was with basaloid, warty-basaloid, warty, and papillary squamous cell carcinoma and with urothelial carcinomas. Local excision (4 cases), circumcision (3 cases), or partial penectomy (5 cases) were preferred treatment choices. Tumor thickness ranged from 1 to 15 mm (average, 7 mm). Two patients with tumors invading 11 and 15 mm into the corpus spongiosum developed inguinal nodal metastasis. Of 11 patients followed up (median 48 mo), 7 were alive with no evidence of metastatic disease, 3 died from causes other than penile cancer, and another died postoperatively. This morphologically distinct tumor probably represents a papillary variant of basaloid carcinomas (papillary-basaloid carcinomas). Unlike typical basaloid carcinomas, the overall prognosis was excellent. However, deeply invasive tumors were associated with regional nodal metastasis indicating a potential for tumor

  18. Reduced NM23 Protein Level Correlates With Worse Clinicopathologic Features in Colorectal Cancers

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    Yang, Tian; Chen, Bo-Zan; Li, Dan-Feng; Wang, Huai-Ming; Lin, Xiao-Sheng; Wei, Hong-Fa; Zeng, Yong-Ming

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The clinical value of a prominent metastasis suppressor, nonmetastatic protein 23 (NM23), remains controversial. In this study, we examined the correlation between NM23 protein levels and the clinicopathologic features of colorectal cancers (CRC), and assessed the overall prognostic value of NM23 for CRC. Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and other scientific literature databases were exhaustively searched to identify relevant studies published prior to June 31, 2015. The methodological qualities of selected studies were scored based on the critical appraisal skills program (CASP) criteria, as independently assessed by 2 reviewers. NM23 protein levels in tumor tissues of CRC patients were examined in relation to Dukes stage, differentiation grade, T-stage, lymph node metastasis status, and overall survival (OS). STATA software version 12.0 (Stata Corp, College Station, TX) was used for statistical analysis of data pooled from selected studies. Nineteen cohort studies met the inclusion criteria for present study and contained a combined total of 2148 study subjects. Pooled odd ratios (ORs) for NM23 expression revealed that reduced NM23 protein levels in CRC tumor tissues correlated with Dukes stage C and D (OR = 1.89, 95% CI: 1.06–3.39, P = 0.032), poor differentiation grades (OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.03–1.94, P = 0.032), and positive lymph node metastasis status (OR = 3.21, 95% CI: 1.95–5.29, P < 0.001). On the other hand, no such correlations were evident with T-stage T3-4 (OR = 1.56, 95% CI: 0.60–4.06, P = 0.367) or OS (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.58–1.08, P = 0.138). Our analysis of pooled data found that NM23 expression is reduced in CRC tissues and low NM23 levels tightly correlate with higher Dukes stages, poorer differentiation grade, and positive lymph node metastases. However, NM23 levels did not influence the OS in CRC patients. PMID:26825905

  19. Plasmacytoid Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Bladder: A Clinico-pathological Study and Review of Literatures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FENG Xiaoli; ZHANG Hongtu; SUN Yuntian; LIU Xiuyun

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To study the pathologic features of plasmacytoid transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, and to analyze the diagnostic features, criteria for differential diagnosis and the clinical significance of the tumor. Methods: Two cases of bladder plasmacytoid transitional cell carcinoma were studied. Routine paraffin sections with HE staining, Pap smear and immunohistochemistry by S-P method were observed under a light microscope. Pathological and clinical data were analyzed by comparison with early reported cases in literatures. Results: A characteristic feature of this tumor was of deep invasion in the lamina propria and/or muscularis propria, in addition to the component of carcinoma in situ in the mucosa, when tumors were diagnosed. The histological pattern and cytological features showed similarity to a plasmacytoid tumor. The tumor cells were strongly positive for AE1/AE3, CEA and CK18. The prognosis appeared to be worse than ordinary transitional cell carcinoma. Conclusion: The plasmacytoid transitional cell carcinoma of bladder is rare but has typical pathological, immunohistological and clinical features. Pathologists should be aware of this kind of primary tumor of bladder.

  20. Reduced expression of P120 catenin in cholangiocarcinoma correlated with tumor clinicopathologic parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bo Zhai; He-Xin Yan; Shu-Qin Liu; Lei Chen; Meng-Chao Wu; Hong-Yang Wang

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the relationship between the expression of P120 and the clinicopathologic parameters in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).METHODS: An immunohistochemical study of E-cadherin and P120 catenin was performed on 42 specimens of ICC with a Dako Envision kit.RESULTS: The expression of E-cadherin and P120 was reduced in 27 cases (64.3%) and 31 cases (73.8%), respectively. Both E-cadherin and P120 expressions were significantly correlated with the tumor histological grade (X2=9.333, P=009 and X2=11.71, P=0.003), TNM stage (X2=8.627, P=0.035 and X2=13.123, P=0.004), intrahepatic metastasis (X2=7.292, P=0.007 and X2=4.657, P=0.041, respectively) and patients' survival (X2=6.351, P=0.002 and X2=4.023, P=0.000, respectively). In addition, the expression of P120 was in concordance with that of E-cadherin (X2=13.797, P=0.000), indicating that the expression of P120 may be dependent on that of E-cadherin. Finally, only P120 expression was found to be an independent prognostic factor in Cox regression model (r=0.088, P=0.049).CONCLUSION: Down-regulated expression of E-cadherin and P120 occurs frequently in ICC and contributes to the progression and development of tumor. Both of them may be valuable biologic markers for predicting tumor invasion, metastasis and patients' survival, but only P120 is an independent prognostic factor for ICC.

  1. Association of hTcf-4 gene expression and mutation with clinicopathological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying Jiang; Xin-Da Zhou; Yin-Kun Liu; Xin Wu; Xiao-Wu Huang

    2002-01-01

    AIM: Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) is a significant healthproblem in China. But the molecular mechanisms of HCCremains unclear. APC/β-Catenin/Tcf signaling pathway, alsoknown as Wnt pathway, plays a critical role in thedevelopment and oncogenesis. As little is known about thealteration of human T-cell transcription factor-4 (hTcf-4) genein HCC, it is of interest to study the expression and mutationof hTcf-4 gene in HCC and the relationship between hTcf-4gene and progression of HCC.METHODS: Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) method was used to detect the expression of hTcf-4 mRNA in 32 HCC and para-cancerous tissues and 5 normalliver tissues. PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism(PCR-SSCP) method was used to detect the mutation ofhTcf-4 exons 1, 4, 9 and 15 in HCC. The correlation ofexpression and mutation of the hTcf-4 gene withclinicopathological characteristics of HCC was also analyzed.RESULTS: RT-PCR showed that the expression rate of hTcf-4 mRNA in HCC, para-cancerous tissues and normal livertissues was 90.6 %, 71.9 % and 80 %, respectively. Thegene expression level in tumor was 0.71±0.13, much higherthan that in para-cancerous liver 0.29±0.05 and normal liver0.26±0.05 (P<0.001), although there was no significantdifference in gene expression level between para-canceroustissues and normal liver (P>0.05). Furthermore, hTcf-4 geneexpression was closely associated with tumor capsule statusand intrahepatic metastasis of HCC. On SSCP, 2 of 32 casesof HCC (6.25 %) displayed characteristic mutational mobilityshifts in exon 15 of the hTcf-4 gene. No abnormal shiftingbands were observed in para-cancerous tissues.CONCLUSION: The high expression level of hTcf-4 in HCC,especially in tumors with metastasis, suggests that the over-expression of hTcf-4 gene may be closely associated withdevelopment and progression of HCC, but the mutation ofthis gene seemed to play less important role in this respect.

  2. Correlation of Helicobacter pylori and gastric carcinoma.

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    Khanna A

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Difference of opinion about the prevalence of H. pylori association with gastric cancer exists in the literature. AIMS: To study the correlation of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori to gastric carcinoma. METHODS: 50 proved cases of gastric cancer were studied by rapid urease test, culture, histopathology and ELISA test for H. pylori IgG. RESULTS: 68% of cases of gastric cancer were found to be positive for H. pylori infection as compared to 74% of healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence rate of H. pylori infection in our patients of gastric cancer was lower than in the control population though statistically not significant, suggesting that H. pylori may not be responsible for gastric carcinogenesis in this population.

  3. Meta-analysis of the relationship between Epstein-Barr virus infection and clinicopathological features of patients with gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection has been causally associated with occurrence of many malignant neoplasms. EBV-encoded small RNAs (EBERs) have been detected from about 10% of gastric carcinoma tissue cells, suggesting that EBV infection is associated with the development of gastric carcinoma. The present study pooled the data from the papers concerning EBV-related gastric cancers and performed a meta-analysis of 22 research papers. Among these papers, a total of 5475 cases with gastric cancer were enrolled, of whom 411 cases were found EBV-positive, with the EBV-positive rate being 7.5%. Among the EBV-positive gastric cancer cases, the detection rate was 11.1% in males and 3.0% in females. Compared with EBV-negative gastric cancer, EBV-positive gastric cancer had less lymph node metastasis. Based on the histological typing, of the EBV-positive gastric cancers, the diffuse type was 8.1%, and intestinal type was 8.0%. The examined specimen types included stored paraffin blocks and fresh surgically removed specimens, their EBV positive rates were 7.9% and 6.5% respectively. In terms of geographical distribution, the detection rate of EBV-positive gastric cancer was 9.4% in America, 6.1% in Asia and 9.1% in Europe. Meta-analysis showed that EBV infection occurred only in gastric cancer tissue cells and was significantly associated with the patients’ gender, lymph node metastases, and the location where tumor tissue generated and geographical distribution (P<0.05), but was not significantly associated with the patients’ histological types of tumor and the types of specimens (P>0.05). These results suggested that EBV-positive gastric cancer has distinct clinicopathological features.

  4. Stomatin-like protein 2 overexpression in papillary thyroid carcinoma is significantly associated with high-risk clinicopathological parameters and BRAFV600E mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, Aleksandar; Boskovic, Srdjan; Paunovic, Ivan; Bozic, Vesna; Cvejic, Dubravka

    2016-04-01

    Stomatin-like protein 2 (SLP-2), a member of the stomatin protein family, has emerged as a potential molecular hallmark of tumor progression in several human malignancies. The aim of this study was to analyze SLP-2 expression pattern in benign and malignant thyroid tumors (n = 210) and to examine its relationship with clinicopathological parameters and BRAFV600E mutation in thyroid cancer. SLP-2 immunohistochemical expression was not detected in benign adenomas and was absent/weak in follicular and anaplastic carcinomas. High expression levels of SLP-2, found only in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), particularly in the classical variant, were significantly associated with adverse clinicopathological parameters: lymph node metastasis (p = 0.002), extrathyroid invasion (p < 0.001), pT status (p < 0.001), and advanced tumor stage (p = 0.001). Additional genotyping of PTC cases for the BRAFV600E mutation revealed for the first time a close relation between SLP-2 overexpression and the presence of BRAF mutation (p = 0.02) with high positive rates of lymph node metastasis (70%) and extrathyroid invasion (80%) in these cases. The significant association of SLP-2 overexpression with unfavorable clinicopathological characteristics and BRAFV600E mutation indicates that SLP-2 may have a role in aggressiveness of BRAF-mutated PTC and that SLP-2 evaluation could be clinically useful in identification of high-risk PTC patients.

  5. Primary Acinic Cell Carcinoma of the Breast: A Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyoshi Shingu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acinic cell carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare, malignant neoplasm characterized by widespread acinar cell-like differentiation and clinically low-grade malignancy. Herein, we report a case of acinic cell carcinoma of the breast in a 41-year-old woman. The tumor was poorly demarcated but had a firm consistency. It was removed with lumpectomy, and sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed to check for metastasis. Microscopically, the tumor showed an infiltrative growth pattern with a combination of solid, trabecular, and microglandular areas. Many of the tumor cells had abundant clear vacuolated cytoplasm containing zymogen-typed granules which resemble acinar cells of the salivary glands. The immunohistochemical profile of the tumor was also similar to that of salivary gland acinic cell carcinoma: the tumor cells were positive for amylase, lysozyme, α-1-antichymotrypsin, S-100 protein, and epithelial membrane antigen and negative for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. She received postoperative chemoradiation therapy and has been well for 3 years since surgery. As studies on large series are lacking, further studies are needed to elucidate the biological characteristics of acinic cell carcinoma of the breast.

  6. A retrospective study of clinico-pathological spectrum of carcinoma breast in a West Delhi, India

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    Jitendra Singh Nigam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Data on the demographic profile of breast cancer patients from Delhi is scarce and whatever is available is from higher referral center. Our hospital caters to patients from an urban population of the lower socioeconomic strata and is a representation of cases at a tertiary care hospital in west Delhi. In Delhi, breast cancer (26.8% is commonest cancer among the female followed by cervix (12.5%, gallbladder (7.2%, ovary (7.1%, and uterus (3.3%. Aims and Objectives: A retrospective audit of breast cancer patients presenting at a tertiary referral center from 2004 to 2011. Materials and Methods: A total of 328 cases diagnosed as carcinoma breast on histopathology from year 2004 to 2011 were retrieved and studied retrospectively with regards to demographic profile and their histological features with estrogen receptor (ER, progesterone receptor (PR, and Her2neu status. Results: The median age of presentation was 49 years of age. Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC, not otherwise specified (NOS was the commonest histopathological variant (81.40% followed by medullary carcinoma (10.36% and mucinous carcinoma (2.74%. Triple negative were found to be the commonest group comprising 39.4% of all the cases followed by ER and PR both positive. Pathological tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM staging showed most common group was T 2 N 0 M 0 ( 19.5% followed by T 2 N 1 M 0 (17.1% and T 2 N 2 M 0 (14%. Conclusion: The incidence of breast cancer in the India and include a higher incidence of ER, PR, and Her2neu negative disease in west Delhi.

  7. Tumor Expression of the Carcinoembryonic Antigen Correlates with High Mitotic Activity and Cell Pleomorphism Index in Lung Carcinoma

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    Rancés Blanco

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, some research efforts are focusing on the evaluation of a variety of tumor associated antigens (TAAs for a better understanding of tumor biology and genetics of lung tumors. For this reason, we evaluated the tissue expression of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA and ior C2 (a cell surface O-linked glycoprotein carbohydrate chain TAA in lung carcinomas, as well as its correlation with a variety of clinicopathological features. The tissue expression of CEA was evidenced in 22/43 (51.16% lung carcinomas and it was correlated with mitotic activity, cell pleomorphism indexes, and age of patients. The expression of ior C2 was observed in 15/43 (34.88% tumors but no correlation with the clinicopathological features mentioned above was obtained. No correlation between both CEA and ior C2 antigens expression and the overall survival (OS of non-small-cell lung cancer patients was also observed. However, CEA-negative patients displayed higher OS rates as compared with positive ones (69.74 versus 58.26 months. Our results seem to be in agreement with the role of CEA expression in tumor cell proliferation, inhibition of cell polarizations and tissue architecture distortion. The significance of ior C2 antigen in these malignancies and it potential use in diagnosis, prognosis, and/or immunotherapy must be reevaluated.

  8. EMMPRIN expression in oral squamous cell carcinomas: correlation with tumor proliferation and patient survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Luís Silva; Delgado, Maria Leonor; Ricardo, Sara; Garcez, Fernanda; do Amaral, Barbas; Pacheco, José Júlio; Lopes, Carlos; Bousbaa, Hassan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of our study was to explore the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) expression in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), and its relation with the proliferative tumor status of OSCC. We examined EMMPRIN and Ki-67 proteins expression by immunohistochemistry in 74 cases with OSCC. Statistical analysis was conducted to examine their clinicopathological and prognostic significance in OSCC. EMMPRIN membrane expression was observed in all cases, with both membrane and cytoplasmic tumor expression in 61 cases (82.4%). EMMPRIN overexpression was observed in 56 cases (75.7%). Moderately or poorly differentiated tumors showed EMMPRIN overexpression more frequently than well-differentiated tumors (P = 0.002). Overexpression of EMMPRIN was correlated with high Ki-67 expression (P = 0.004). In the multivariate analysis, EMMPRIN overexpression reveals an adverse independent prognostic value for cancer-specific survival (CSS) (P = 0.034). Our results reveal that EMMPRIN protein is overexpressed in more than two-thirds of OSCC cases, especially in high proliferative and less differentiated tumors. The independent value of EMMPRIN overexpression in CSS suggests that this protein could be used as an important biological prognostic marker for patients with OSCC. Moreover, the high expression of EMMPRIN makes it a possible therapeutic target in OSCC patients.

  9. Experimental and clinicopathologic study on the relationship between transcription factor Egr-1 and esophageal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming-Yao Wu; Mao-Huai Chen; Ying-Rui Liang; Guo-Zhao Meng; Huan-Xing Yang; Chu-Xiang Zhuang

    2001-01-01

    AIM To observe the growth suppression effect of exogenous introduction of early growth response gene-1 (Egr-1 gene) on esophageal carcinoma tissue as well as on esophageal carcinoma cell line Eca109 and to explore the potential application of Egr-1 gene in gene therapy of tumor. METHODS Eukaryotic expression vector of PCMV-Egr-1 plasmid was introduced into Eca109 cell line which expressed no Egr-1 protein originally with lipofectamine transfection method. The introduction and expression of PCMV-Egr-1 plasmid into Eca109 cell line was confirmed by G418 selection culture, PCR amplification of neogene contained in the vector, Western blot analysis and immunocytochemical analysis. The cell growth curve,soft agar colony formation rate and tumorigenicity in SClD mice were examined to demonstrate the growth suppression effect of exogenous Egr-1 gene on Eca109 cell line. The Egr-1 mRNA and Egr-1 protein were also detected in 50 surgical specimens of esophageal carcinoma by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS Exogenous Egr-1 gene was introduced successfully into Eca109 cell line and expressed Egr-1 protein stably. The transfected Eca109 cell line grew more slowly than control Eca109 as shown by cell growth curves, the soft agar colony formation rate (4.0% vs 6.9%, P<0.01) and the average growth rate of tumor in SCID mice (35.5 ± 7.6 vs 65.8 ± 7.6, P<0.05). The expression level of Egr-1 mRNA and protein significantly increased in dysplastic epithelia adjacent to cancer rather than in cancer tissues (65.8% vs 20.0% by ISH and 57.9% vs 14.0% by IHC, P<0.01). CONCLUSION Exogenous Egr-1 gene shows the strong effect of growth inhibition in Eca109 cell line. Egr-1 in the cancer tissue shows down-regulated expression that supports the inhibited function of Egr-1 in cancer growth and suggests Egr-1 may have an important role in gene therapy of esophageal carcinoma.

  10. Prognostic and clinicopathological role of high Ki-67 expression in patients with renal cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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    Xie, Yongpeng; Chen, Luyao; Ma, Xin; Li, Hongzhao; Gu, Liangyou; Gao, Yu; Fan, Yang; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Xu

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies have elevated the prognostic value of Ki-67 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but the reports are controversial and inconsistent. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the significance of Ki-67 in RCC prognosis. We systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase to identify relevant studies until April 2016. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 20 studies, including 5,398 patients, were eligible for further analysis. Results showed that high Ki-67 expression in RCC was associated with poor OS (HR = 1.95, 95% CI: 1.44–2.64), CSS (HR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.47–1.89), and DFS (HR = 2.56, 95% CI: 1.79–3.67). In addition, high Ki-67 expression was significantly associated with TNM stage (III/IV vs. I/II: RR = 2.03, 95% CI: 1.68–2.44), pathological T stage (T3/T4 vs. T1/T2: RR = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.35–2.06), metastasis (yes vs. no: RR = 2.15, 95% CI: 1.77–2.62), and Fuhrman grade (III/IV vs. I/II: RR = 1.77, 95% CI: 1.20–2.60). Our study suggested that Ki-67 was a prognostic marker in RCC. High Ki-67 expression was correlated with poor prognosis and advanced clinicopathological features, and it could serve as a biomarker for disease management. PMID:28287186

  11. Cox-2 levels in canine mammary tumors, including inflammatory mammary carcinoma: clinicopathological features and prognostic significance.

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    Queiroga, Felisbina Luisa; Perez-Alenza, Maria Dolores; Silvan, Gema; Peña, Laura; Lopes, Carlos; Illera, Juan Carlos

    2005-01-01

    Cyclo-oxygenase (Cox-2) plays an important role in mammary carcinogenesis, nevertheless, its role in canine mammary tumors, and particularly in inflammatory mammary carcinoma (IMC), is unknown. Tumor Cox-2 levels were analyzed by enzyme immunoassay, in post-surgical tumor homogenates of 129 mammary tumors (62 dysplasias and benign tumors, 57 malignant non-IMC and 10 IMC) from 57 female dogs. The highest Cox-2 values were detected in the IMC group. In non-IMC malignant tumors, high values of Cox-2 were related to skin ulceration (p IMC cases could indicate a special role of Cox-2 in the inflammatory phenotype and open the possibility of additional new therapeutic approaches in this special type of mammary cancer in humans and dogs.

  12. Prognostic and clinicopathologic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: evidence from a meta-analysis

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    Huang, Yu; Sun, Yue; Peng, Ping; Zhu, Sixian; Sun, Wei; Zhang, Peng

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Evidence from an increasing number of studies has demonstrated that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a prognostic factor for various cancers. However, it is unclear whether NLR predicts prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the prognostic and clinicopathologic significance of NLR in patients with ESCC. Patients and methods Selected studies were identified by searches in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases and filtered using our prepared criteria. The hazard ratio (HR) and odds ratio were chosen as effect measures to assess the prognostic role of NLR and its clinicopathologic significance in ESCC. In total, nine studies containing 2,513 patients were enrolled. Results We demonstrated that elevated NLR was associated with worse overall survival in ESCC patients (pooled HR =1.314; 95% confidence interval, 1.164–1.484; P<0.001). Elevated NLR was also associated with unfavorable characteristics regarding depth of tumor invasion, tumor size, clinical stage, and differentiation degree. Conclusion The results of our meta-analysis suggest that a high NLR value might represent a poor prognosis and worse clinicopathologic characteristics for patients with ESCC. PMID:28260931

  13. Clinico-pathological correlates of cervical lymphadenopathy: a hospital based study.

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    Biswas, Gautam; Das, Anjan; Haldar, Dibakar; Mukherjee, Ankur; Dutta, Sirshak; Sinha, Ramanuj

    2013-07-01

    Neck is the most common site of peripheral lymph node enlargement and is very frequently encountered in oto-laryngological practice. This study was done to delineate distribution of clinico-demographic parameters in patients presenting with cervical lymphadenopathy in the otolaryngology out-patient department of a state hospital in India in a 1 year period and to correlate them with fine needle aspiration cytological diagnosis. Record-based cross sectional study in the department of Otolaryngology and department of Pathology, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Case reports and cytological reports of 423 patients who underwent Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of cervical lymph nodes between January 2009 and December 2009 were reviewed in relation to their demographic and clinical profiles. The cases were divided into three groups according to age and different parameters were described according to these groups. In the cyto-pathological diagnosis, tubercular lymph-adenitis was most prevalent diagnosis (45.4%). Among the metastatic secondaries, squamous cell carcinoma was most common (8.5%). Non-specific/reactive lymphadenitis was significantly more common in clinico-demographic perspectives of cervical lymphadenopathy in respect to their cytopathological diagnosis will help care giver practioners to detect/refer the respective cases early for investigations and treatment.

  14. Clinicopathological characteristics of Barrett's carcinoma, cardia carcinoma type II and distal gastric carcinoma: Influence of observed parameters on the five-year postoperative survival of patients

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    Jovanović Ivan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In the past two decades, the increased frequency of distal esophageal adenocarcinoma, esophagogastric junction and proximal gastric adenocarcinoma has been observed. The vast majority of these tumours are diagnosed in advanced stages, when the prognosis is poorer than in other gastric cancers. Objective. The aim of our study was to analyze the demographic and clinicopathological characteristics of patients operated on for Barrett's, cardia and distal gastric adenocarcinomas, as well as to study the influence of manifestations of each cancerogenetic indication on the studied clinicopathological parameters and to analyze the 5-year survival rate of patients surgically treated for cardia adenocarcinoma in relation to the patients operated on for distal gastric adenocarcinoma. Methods. We analyzed gender and age, tumour type, depth of tumour invasion, involvement of blood and lymph vessels in 66 patients surgically treated at the Centre for Oesophageal Surgery of the Institute for Digestive Diseases of the Belgrade Clinical Centre. Results. Except for significant differences in the depth of tumour invasion during surgery, there were no other statistically significant differences between the studied groups of patients. In the patients operated on for Barrett's and cardia cancers, the tumours invaded more deeply the wall layers, i.e. they were significantly more invasive than the distal gastric tumour. The lymph node involvement was present in 87.5% of patients with Barrett's cancer, in 80% with cardia cancer and in 87% with distal gastric cancer. The 3-year survival rate of patients operated on for cardia cancer was 47.4% and the 5-year survival rate was 31.6%, while the 3-year survival rate of patients operated on for distal gastric cancer was 46.2% and the 5-year survival rate was 34.6%. These differences were not statistically significant (Wilcoxon 0,036; p=0,85. Singly, the patients' gender, cancer type and the degree of tumour

  15. Ovarian carcinoma associated with pregnancy: A clinicopathologic analysis of 23 cases and review of the literature

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    Ghaemmaghami Fatemeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to analyze and describe cases of ovarian cancer in pregnant women treated at our center and to review the literature concerned, and to discuss the rationale for therapy. Methods Twenty-Three patients of ovarian malignancies during pregnancy were treated at Vali- Asr Hospital between 1991 and 2002. Data on treatment and follow-up were evaluated. Results The incidence of ovarian carcinoma associated with pregnancy in our series was 0.083/1000 deliveries. Eleven (47.8% were found with ovarian malignant germ cell tumors, five (21.7% with low malignant potential tumors, four (17.4% with invasive epithelial tumors, and three (13% with sex cord stromal tumors. Seventeen (73.9% of the patients were diagnosed in stage I and had complete remission. Five of the six in advanced stage died. The mean follow-up was 36.3 months. The prognosis was significantly related with stage and histological type (P Conclusion Early finding of ascitis by ultrasound and persistent large ovarian mass during pregnancy may be related to malignancy and advanced stage. Pregnant women in advanced stage of ovarian cancer seem to have poor prognosis.

  16. Clinicopathological characteristics of TERT promoter mutation and telomere length in hepatocellular carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye Won; Park, Tae In; Jang, Se Young; Park, Soo Young; Park, Won-Jin; Jung, Soo-Jung; Lee, Jae-Ho

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Promoter mutations in telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and telomere length have been studied in various tumors. In the present study, the frequency and clinical characteristics of TERT promoter mutation and telomere length were studied in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TERT promoter mutation and telomere length were analyzed in 162 tumor samples of the patients with HCC by sequencing and real-time PCR, respectively. The TERT promoter mutation rate was 28.8% (46/160) in HCC and was associated with males (P = 0.027). The telomere length was not significantly different in the presence of a TERT promoter mutation but was shorter in high-grade tumor stages (P = 0.048). Survival analyses showed that poor overall survival was associated with longer telomere length (P = 0.013). However, the TERT promoter mutation did not have a prognostic value for HCC. Multivariate survival analyses demonstrated that the telomere length was an independent prognostic marker for poor overall survival (hazard ratio = 1.75, 95% confidence interval: 1.046–2.913, P = 0.033). These data demonstrated that TERT promoter mutation is a frequent event in HCC; however, telomere length, but not the presence of a TERT promoter mutation, might have potential value as a prognostic indicator of HCC. PMID:28151853

  17. Clinicopathological characteristics of TERT promoter mutation and telomere length in hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye Won; Park, Tae In; Jang, Se Young; Park, Soo Young; Park, Won-Jin; Jung, Soo-Jung; Lee, Jae-Ho

    2017-02-01

    Promoter mutations in telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and telomere length have been studied in various tumors. In the present study, the frequency and clinical characteristics of TERT promoter mutation and telomere length were studied in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TERT promoter mutation and telomere length were analyzed in 162 tumor samples of the patients with HCC by sequencing and real-time PCR, respectively. The TERT promoter mutation rate was 28.8% (46/160) in HCC and was associated with males (P = 0.027). The telomere length was not significantly different in the presence of a TERT promoter mutation but was shorter in high-grade tumor stages (P = 0.048). Survival analyses showed that poor overall survival was associated with longer telomere length (P = 0.013). However, the TERT promoter mutation did not have a prognostic value for HCC. Multivariate survival analyses demonstrated that the telomere length was an independent prognostic marker for poor overall survival (hazard ratio = 1.75, 95% confidence interval: 1.046-2.913, P = 0.033). These data demonstrated that TERT promoter mutation is a frequent event in HCC; however, telomere length, but not the presence of a TERT promoter mutation, might have potential value as a prognostic indicator of HCC.

  18. Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of Yes-associated protein expression in hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hao; Liu, Yan; Jiang, Xiao-Wei; Li, Wen-Fang; Guo, Gang; Gong, Jian-Ping; Ding, Xiong

    2016-10-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and hepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CC) are the most aggressive malignancies with a poor prognosis in humans, and hepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CC) exhibits greater malignant behaviour. Yes-associated protein (YAP) is an important downstream target of the Hippo signalling pathway. As an oncogene, it plays a vital role in the occurrence and development of tumours. Our study focuses on the clinical significance of YAP protein expression in HCC and CC. Furthermore, we sought to explore the different survival rates between HCC and CC. A total of 137 patients with HCC and 122 with CC after resection were evaluated by immunohistochemistry for the expression of YAP. Our results showed that positive expression rates of YAP were more frequently noted in CC 67.2 % (82/122) than in HCC 56.9 % (78/137) (P = 0.024). High YAP expression in HCC and CC was significantly associated with tumour size (P < 0.001 and P = 0.019, respectively), liver cirrhosis (P = 0.002 and P = 0.009, respectively), vascular invasion (P = 0.047 and P = 0.018, respectively), multiplicity (P = 0.019 and P = 0.015, respectively), and intrahepatic metastasis (P = 0.015 and P = 0.047, respectively). Importantly, recurrence-free survival and disease-specific survival rates were lower in CC with high YAP expression than in HCC with high YAP expression (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Overall, high YAP expression was more frequently found in CC than in HCC, and YAP overexpression was associated with poor survival rates in patients with HCC and CC. Targeting YAP treatment requires further prospective investigations in larger patient populations.

  19. Clinicopathological Analysis of Renal Medullary Carcinoma%肾髓质癌临床病理特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓青; 向自武; 周晓红; 曹进; 郭永连

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinicopathological,and molecular biology characteristics of the renal medullary carci-noma(MC) ,to improve the level of the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Methods A retrospective study was performed in one case of MC. Referring to the latest domestic and foreign literature,the clinical,pathological,and molecular biology characteristics were analyzed. Results MC occurs most in the children and young adults. Histologically, it has high grade tumor cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm,vacuolar nucleus and prominent nuclei, forming yalk sac like,reticular,mi-crocystic, solid sheet arrangements. Stromal fibrous proliferation with infiltration of neutrophils and eosinophils was also seen. Immunohistochemically,the tumor cells were positive for CK,Vim,and EMA, focal positive for CK7,negative for HM-WCK(34βE12),which helps to distinguish with the renal collecting duct carcinoma. Conclusion Renal medullary carcinoma is an extremely rare aggressive and malignant tumor with characteristics of high grade tumor cells and diversity arrangement, needs to distinguish with the renal collecting duct carcinoma and Rhabdoid tumor. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to improve its efficacy.%目的:探讨肾髓质癌临床病理学及分子生物学特征,提高对该肿瘤的诊断和鉴别诊断水平.方法:对1例肾髓质癌进行临床、病理组织学和免疫组化观察,并复习国内外相关文献.结果:肾髓质癌好发于青少年,组织结构多样,常见卵黄囊样、网状、微囊状、腺管腺泡状、实性巢状等7种排列;间质明显纤维化及大量中性粒细胞浸润;癌细胞高级别,胞浆嗜酸性,泡状核,核仁明显;免疫组化同时表达Cam5.2、EMA和Vim,局灶表达CK7,其余标记均为阴性,高分子量CK(34βE12)阴性有助于同肾集合管癌鉴别.结论:肾髓质癌是一种罕见的侵袭性强的恶性肿瘤,以细胞核高级别和组织结构多样性为特点,需与乳头状肾癌

  20. Clinico-pathological analysis of renal cell carcinoma demonstrates decreasing tumour grade over a 17-year period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nason, Gregory J.; McGuire, Barry B.; Kelly, Michael E.; Murphy, Theodore M.; Looney, Aisling T.; Byrne, Damien P.; Mulvin, David W.; Galvin, David J.; Quinlan, David M.; Lennon, Gerald M.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents about 3% of adult malignancies in Ireland. Worldwide there is a reported increasing incidence and recent studies report a stage migration towards smaller tumours. We assess the clinico-pathological features and survival of patients with RCC in a surgically treated cohort. Methods: A retrospective analysis of all nephrectomies carried out between 1995 and 2012 was carried out in an Irish tertiary referral university hospital. Data recorded included patient demographics, size of tumour, tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) classification, operative details and final pathology. The data were divided into 3 equal consecutive time periods for comparison purposes: Group 1 (1995–2000), Group 2 (2001–2006) and Group 3 (2007–2012). Survival data were verified with the National Cancer Registry of Ireland. Results: In total, 507 patients underwent nephrectomies in the study period. The median tumour size was 5.8 cm (range: 1.2–20 cm) and there was no statistical reduction in size observed over time (p = 0.477). A total of 142 (28%) RCCs were classified as pT1a, 111 (21.9%) were pT1b, 67 (13.2%) were pT2, 103 (20.3%) were pT3a, 75 (14.8%) were pT3b and 9 (1.8%) were pT4. There was no statistical T-stage migration observed (p = 0.213). There was a significant grade reduction over time (p = 0.017). There was significant differences noted in overall survival between the T-stages (p < 0.001), nuclear grades (p < 0.001) and histological subtypes (p = 0.022). Conclusion: There was a rising incidence in the number of nephrectomies over the study period. Despite previous reports, a stage migration was not evident; however, a grade reduction was apparent in this Irish surgical series. We can demonstrate that tumour stage, nuclear grade and histological subtype are significant prognosticators of relative survival in RCC. PMID:24839483

  1. Clinicopathologic characteristics of anterior prostate cancer (APC), including correlation with previous biopsy pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magers, Martin J; Zhan, Tianyu; Udager, Aaron M; Wei, John T; Tomlins, Scott A; Wu, Angela J; Kunju, Lakshmi P; Lew, Madelyn; Feng, Felix Y; Hamstra, Daniel A; Siddiqui, Javed; Chinnaiyan, Arul M; Montgomery, Jeffrey S; Weizer, Alon Z; Morgan, Todd M; Hollenbeck, Brent K; Miller, David C; Palapattu, Ganesh S; Jiang, Hui; Mehra, Rohit

    2015-11-01

    Anterior-predominant prostate cancer (APC) is an incompletely understood entity which can be difficult to sample via transrectal biopsy. Seemingly favorable biopsy results may belie the potential aggressiveness of these tumors. Here, we attempt to characterize APC by retrospectively examining the clinicopathologic features of APC at radical prostatectomy and comparing our findings with prior biopsy information. We found that 17.4 % of patients in our study had APC. APC demonstrated a significantly lower (P value biopsy than non-transperineal saturation (i.e., transrectal ultrasound guided) biopsy strategies. Four patients (7 %) without transperineal saturation biopsy exhibited a significantly worse GS at RP than biopsy, compared to five patients (36 %) with transperineal saturation biopsy. Our findings corroborate the difficulty in detecting APC and suggest that APC is not a uniform disease with a wholly indolent phenotype. Dedicated long-term outcome data are needed in these patients. Additionally, alternative pathologic staging parameters may be necessary.

  2. Studies on correlation of positive surgical margin with clinicopathological factors and prognoses in breast conserving surgery

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    Nishimura, Reiki; Nagao, Kazuharu; Miyayama, Haruhiko [Kumamoto City Hospital (Japan)

    1999-09-01

    Out of 484 cases with breast conserving surgery between April 1989 and March 1999, surgical procedures of 34 cases were changed to total mastectomy due to positive surgical margins. In this study we evaluated a clinical significance of surgical margin in relation to clinicopathological factors and prognoses. Ninety-nine cases (20.5%) had positive margins that were judged when cancer cells existed within 5 mm from margin. In multivariate analysis of factors for surgical margin, EIC-comedo status, ly, located site, proliferative activity, and age were significant and independent factors. Regarding local recurrence, positive margin, age, ER and proliferative activity were significant factors in multivariate analysis, especially in cases not receiving postoperative radiation therapy. Radiation therapy may be beneficial for patients with positive surgical margin. And patients with breast recurrence alone had significantly higher survival rates. Therefore, it is suggested that surgical margin may not reflect survival, although it is a significant factor for local recurrence. (author)

  3. Mixed and Ambiguous Endometrial Carcinomas: A Heterogenous Group of Tumors With Different Clinicopathologic and Molecular Genetic Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa, Iñigo; D'Angelo, Emanuela; Palacios, José; Prat, Jaime

    2016-07-01

    Besides endometrioid, serous, and clear cell carcinomas, there are endometrial carcinomas exhibiting mixed and ambiguous morphologic features. We have analyzed the immunophenotype (p53, p16, β-catenin, ER, HNF-1B, MLH1, and Ki-67) and mutational status (PTEN, KRAS, PIK3CA, and POLE) of 7 mixed carcinomas and 13 ambiguous carcinomas, all of them classified initially as mixed carcinomas. Only 2 of the 7 (28%) mixed carcinomas showed different immunophenotypes in different components. All but 2 tumors (5/7, 71%) overexpressed p53 and p16 and were negative for ER. Both carcinomas (2/7, 28%) showed a prominent micropapillary component that resembled an ovarian low-grade serous carcinoma and merged with villoglandular endometrioid carcinoma. The ambiguous carcinomas exhibited glandular architecture, high nuclear grade, and overlapping features of endometrioid and serous carcinomas. All tumors overexpressed p53 and p16, and the majority of cases (12/13, 92%) were negative for ER. KRAS mutations were identified in 3 of 7 (42%) mixed carcinomas, including the 2 cases with a "low-grade" serous-like component. PIK3CA mutations occurred in 2 (2/13, 15%) ambiguous carcinomas and PTEN mutations in 1 (1/7, 14%) mixed and 1 (1/13, 8%) ambiguous carcinoma. POLE exonuclease domain mutations were encountered in a case of mixed undifferentiated and well-differentiated (dedifferentiated) carcinoma. Two of the 7 (29%) mixed endometrial carcinomas and 5 of the 13 (38%) ambiguous carcinomas had extended beyond the pelvis (stages III and IV). Two of the 7 (29%) patients with mixed endometrial carcinoma and 6 of 12 (50%) patients with ambiguous endometrial carcinoma were alive with disease or had died of tumor. Our results show that, biologically, many so-called mixed carcinomas represent serous carcinomas with ambiguous morphology. Our series include 2 true mixed endometrial carcinomas with a "low-grade serous"-like component, microcystic, elongated, or fragmented features, KRAS mutations

  4. Mesothelin expression in triple negative breast carcinomas correlates significantly with basal-like phenotype, distant metastases and decreased survival.

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    Gary Tozbikian

    Full Text Available Mesothelin is a cell surface associated antigen expressed on mesothelial cells and in some malignant neoplasms. Mesothelin-targeted therapies are in phase I/II clinical trials. The clinicopathologic and prognostic significance of mesothelin expression in triple negative breast carcinomas (TNBC has not been fully assessed. We evaluated the expression of mesothelin and of basal markers in tissue microarrays of 226 TNBC and 88 non-TNBC and assessed the clinicopathologic features of mesothelin-expressing breast carcinomas. Furthermore, we investigated the impact of mesothelin expression on the disease-free and overall survival of patients with TNBC. We found that mesothelin expression is significantly more frequent in TNBC than in non-TNBC (36% vs 16%, respectively; p = 0.0006, and is significantly correlated with immunoreactivity for basal keratins, but not for EGFR. Mesothelin-positive and mesothelin-negative TNBC were not significantly different by patients' race, tumor size, histologic grade, tumor subtype, lymphovascular invasion and lymph node metastases. Patients with mesothelin-positive TNBC were older than patients with mesothelin-negative TNBC, developed more distant metastases with a shorter interval, and had significantly lower overall and disease-free survival. Based on our results, patients with mesothelin-positive TNBC could benefit from mesothelin-targeted therapies.

  5. Mixed Mucinous and Infiltrating Carcinoma Occurring in Male Breast- Study of Clinico-Pathological Features: A Rare Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Kavita; Sharma, Swati; Kudva, Ranjini; Kumar, Sandeep

    2015-06-01

    Mucinous carcinoma is a less common histologic variant of breast cancer. Cases of mucinous carcinomas in male breast are extremely rare. Here, we describe a case of mixed mucinous carcinoma i.e. mucinous carcinoma with infiltrating ductal carcinoma component and showing apocrine differentiation in a 73-year-old man. This uncommon tumour entity has dismal prognosis and treatment depends largely on the tumour type, size, lymph node involvement and hormonal status.

  6. Expressions and clinicopathologic significance of five heat shock proteins in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma%5种热休克蛋白在食管癌中的表达及其临床病理意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junhui Chen; Liming Chen; Shaobin Wang; Jiexiong Huang; Qiancheng Qiu; Liyan Xu

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the expressions of heat shock protein(hsp) 10,hsp27,hsp60,hsp70 and hsp90a in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and normal lissues along the incisal margin (TIM),and discuss the clinico-pathologic features about their expressions.Methods:120 specimens from ESCC and 36 specimens from TIM were made into tissue chips.The presence and the levels of expression of hsp10,hsp27,hsp60,hsp70 and hsp90a were observed on tissue chips by immunohistochemistry EnVisionTM.Their correlations to clinicopatholoqic features were analyzed.Results:The positive staining rates of hsp10,hsp27,hsp60,hsp70 and hsp90a in ESCC and TIM were 53.8%and 37.5%,62.O%and 42.1%,92.7%and 63.2%.57.9%and 22.2%,33.7%and 18.5%respectively.There were no statistical significances between the difierential expressions of hsp10,hsp27 and hsp90a in ESCC and TIM(P>0.05),bul there were great statistical significances about hsp60 and hsp70(P<0.01).The level of hsp27 declined with the lower grade of differentiation of ESCC(P<0.05).Except for hsp27.the positive expressions of the other four HSPs had no correlation to the clinicopathologic features of ESCC.Conclusion:The expressions of hsp10.hsp27.hsp60.hsp70 and hsp90a in ESCC and TIM were a common event.The levels of hsp60 and hsp70 in ESCC were higher than those in TIM.The level of hsp27 declined with the lower grade of differentiation of ESCC showed that it may be play a role in the differentiation of ESCC.

  7. SMARCB1/INI1-deficient sinonasal carcinoma shows methylation of RASSF1 gene: A clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic study of a recently described entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laco, Jan; Chmelařová, Marcela; Vošmiková, Hana; Sieglová, Kateřina; Bubancová, Ivana; Dundr, Pavel; Němejcová, Kristýna; Michálek, Jaroslav; Čelakovský, Petr; Mottl, Radovan; Sirák, Igor; Vošmik, Milan; Ryška, Aleš

    2017-02-01

    The aim of the study was detailed clinicopathological investigation of SMARCB1/INI1-deficient sinonasal carcinomas, including molecular genetic analysis of mutational status and DNA methylation of selected protooncogenes and tumor suppressor genes by means of next generation sequencing (NGS) and methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA). A total of 4/56 (7%) cases of SMARCB1/INI1-deficient carcinomas were detected among 56 sinonasal carcinomas diagnosed over a 19year period using immunohistochemical screening. The series comprised 3 males and 1 female, aged 27-76 years (median 64 years). All tumors arose in the nasal cavity. Three neoplasms were diagnosed in advanced stage pT4. During the follow-up period (range 14-111 months (median 72 months)), three tumors recurred locally, but none of the patients developed regional or distant metastases. Ultimately, two patients died due to the tumor. Microscopically, all tumors consisted of infiltrating nests of polygonal basaloid cells with a variable component of rhabdoid cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm. Immunohistochemically, there was almost diffuse expression of cytokeratins (CK), p16, p40 and p63 in all cases, while expression of CK5/6, CK7 and vimentin was only focal or absent. The detection of NUT gave negative results. In three cases, the absence of SMARCB1/INI1 expression was due to deletion of SMARCB1/INI1 gene. Methylation of SMARCB1/INI1 gene was not found. One tumor harbored HPV18 E6/E7 mRNA. All 12 genes (BRAF, BRCA1, BRCA2, KIT, EGFR, KRAS, NRAS, PDGFRA, PIK3CA, PTEN, RET, and ROS1) tested for mutations using NGS were wild-type. Regarding DNA methylation, all four SMARCB1/INI1-deficient tumors showed methylation of RASSF1 gene by means of MS-MLPA. There was a statistically significant difference in RASSF1 gene methylation between SMARCB1/INI1-deficient and SMARCB1/INI1-positive tumors (p=0.0095). All other examined genes (ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, CADM1, CASP8, CD44, CDKN1B

  8. Elevated level of spindle checkprotein MAD2 correlates with cellular mitotic arrest, but not with aneuploidy and clinicopathological characteristics in gastric cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chew-Wun Wu; Chin-Wen Chi; Tze-Sing Huang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To study the relevance of spindle assembly checkprotein MAD2 to cellular mitotic status, aneuploidy and other clinicopathological characteristics in gastric cancer.METHODS: Western blot analyses were performed to analyze the protein levels of MAD2 and cyclin B1 in the tumorous and adjacent nontumorous tissues of 34 gastric cancer patients. Cell cycle distribution and DNA ploidy of cancer tissues were also determined by flow cytometry.Conventional statistical methods were adopted to determine the relevance of abnormal MAD2 level to mitotic status,aneuploidy and clinicopathological parameters.RESULTS: Out of 34 gastric cancer patients 25 (74%)exhibited elevated MAD2 levels in their tumorous tissues compared with the corresponding nontumorous tissues.Elevation of MAD2 levels significantly correlated with the increased levels of cydin B1 expression and G2/M-phase distribution (P = 0.038 and P = 0.033, respectively), but was not relevant to aneuploidy. The gastric cancer patients with elevated MAD2 levels showed a tendency toward better disease-free and overall survival (P>0.05). However, no association was found between elevated MAD2 levels and patients' clinicopathological characteristics.CONCLUSION: Elevation of MAD2 level is present in 74%of gastric cancer patients, and correlates with increased mitotic checkpoint activity. However, elevation of MAD2level is not associated with patients' aneuploidy and any of the clinicopathological characteristics.

  9. The Associated Ion between the VDR Gene Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Hepatocellular Carcinoma and the Clinicopathological Features in Subjects Infected with HBV

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    Xing Yao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the possible association between the vitamin D receptor (VDR, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV infection. Method. 968 chronic HBV infection patients were enrolled, of which 436 patients were diagnosed HCC patients, and 532 were non-HCC patients. The clinicopathological characteristics of HCC were evaluated. The genotypes of VDR gene at FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI were determined. Results. The genotype frequencies of VDR FokI C>T polymorphism were significantly different between HCC and non-HCC groups. HCC patients had a higher prevalence of FokI TT genotype than non-HCC subjects. With FokI CC as reference, the TT carriage had a significantly higher risk for development of HCC after adjustments with age, sex, HBV infection time, α-fetoprotein, smoking status, and alcohol intake. In addition, we also found that the TT genotype carriage of FokI polymorphisms were associated with advanced tumor stage, presence of cirrhosis, and lymph node metastasis. The SNP at BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI did not show positive association with the risk and clinicopathological features of HCC. Conclusion. The FokI C>T polymorphisms may be used as a molecular marker to predict the risk and to evaluate the disease severity of HCC in those infected with HBV.

  10. High expression of Sox10 correlates with tumor aggressiveness and poor prognosis in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Y

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Yu Zhao,1,* Zhi-gang Liu,1,* Jiao Tang,1 Ren-fang Zou,1 Xiao-yan Chen,2 Guan-min Jiang,3 Yan-fang Qiu,1 Hui Wang11Key Laboratory of Translational Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiation Oncology, 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, Hunan Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workPurpose: The aim of the study was to detect the expression of Sox10 in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC and investigate the relationship between its expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of NPC patients.Patients and methods: Tumor specimens (n=105 were retrospectively collected from patients with NPC diagnosed between 2004 and 2005 who presented at Hunan Cancer Hospital. Immunohistochemistry analyses were performed to characterize the expression of Sox10 in NPC. Kaplan–Meier survival and Cox regression analyses were employed to evaluate the prognosis of 105 NPC patients.Results: The results showed that Sox10 was markedly overexpressed in human NPC tissues. Analysis of clinicopathological parameters showed that high Sox10 expression was significantly correlated with the clinical stage (P=0.032, T classification (P=0.034, and lymph node metastasis (P=0.03. Cox regression analyses further showed that Sox10 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (P=0.005. This is the first time Sox10 has shown its importance in predicting NPC progressiveness and survival outcomes.Conclusion: Sox10 serves as a potential biomarker for NPC patients. It may hopefully become a novel therapeutic target for NPC patients.Keywords: Sox10, NPC, prognosis

  11. Morphological heterogeneity of oral salivary gland carcinomas: a clinicopathologic study of 41 cases with long term follow-up emphasizing the overlapping spectrum of adenoid cystic carcinoma and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Stephan; Müller, Maximilian; Ettl, Tobias; Stockmann, Philipp; Zenk, Johannes; Agaimy, Abbas

    2011-04-01

    We analyzed 41 oral salivary gland carcinomas from consecutive 290 salivary gland carcinoma database (14%) with emphasis on the histological spectrum and clinical outcome of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA). The cohort included 14 ACCs, 14 mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs), 8 PLGAs, 3 adenocarcinomas, not otherwise specified and 2 acinic cell carcinomas. Mean age was 48, 58 and 61 yrs for ACC, MEC and PLGA, respectively. Eight patients (19.5%) died of tumor at a mean interval of 66.5 months. ACC and PLGA showed similar mean age, gender distribution, predominant palatal localization, nodal metastasis, perineural invasion and MIB-1 index. However, ACC tended to show higher tumor stage and residual tumor (R1/R2) more frequently than PLGA, but this was statistically not significant. ACC and PLGA showed overlapping architectural patterns. However, ACCs displayed well organized basal-luminal differentiation, highlighted by CK5/CK7 immunostaining. In contrast, PLGA showed a disorganized histological and immunohistological pattern. C-Kit expression (CD117) was common in ACC, generally mirroring that of CK7 and virtually lacking in PLGA. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a similar clinical course for ACC and PLGA with 5 years survivals of 87% and 80%, respectively. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) performed on all 290 salivary carcinomas confirmed the specificity of the translocation t (11; 19) for MEC and its absence in all other carcinomas including ACC and PLGA. Our results emphasize the diversity of oral salivary gland carcinomas and the overlapping clinicopathological features of ACC and PLGA.

  12. Rab25 upregulation correlates with the proliferation, migration, and invasion of renal cell carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Yuanyuan; Jia, Qingzhu [Biomedical Analysis Center, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing (China); Chongqing Key Laboratory of Cytomics, Chongqing (China); Zhang, Qian [Department of Urology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing (China); Wan, Ying, E-mail: wanying_cn@163.com [Biomedical Analysis Center, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing (China); Chongqing Key Laboratory of Cytomics, Chongqing (China)

    2015-03-20

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common urological cancer with a poor prognosis. A recent cohort study revealed that the median survival of RCC patients was only 1.5 years and that <10% of the patients in the study survived up to 5 years. In tumor development, Rab GTPase are known to play potential roles such as regulation of cell proliferation, migration, invasion, communication, and drug resistance in multiple tumors. However, the correlation between Rabs expression and the occurrence, development, and metastasis of RCC remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed the transcriptional levels of 52 Rab GTPases in RCC patients. Our results showed that high levels of Rab25 expression were significantly correlated with RCC invasion classification (P < 0.01), lymph-node metastasis (P < 0.001), and pathological stage (P < 0.01). Conversely, in 786-O and A-498 cells, knocking down Rab25 protein expression inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Our results also demonstrated that Rab25 is a target gene of let-7d, and further suggested that Rab25 upregulation in RCC is due to diminished expression of let-7d. These findings indicate that Rab25 might be a novel candidate molecule involved in RCC development, thus identifying a potential biological therapeutic target for RCC. - Highlights: • The transcriptional levels of 52 Rab GTPases were analyzed in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). • High levels of Rab25 expression were significantly correlated with clinicopathological factors of RCC. • Knockdown of Rab25 protein expression reduced RCC cells proliferation, migration, and invasion. • Rab25 is a target gene of let-7d in RCC.

  13. MicroRNA expression patterns in adrenocortical carcinoma variants and clinical pathologic correlations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duregon, Eleonora; Rapa, Ida; Votta, Arianna; Giorcelli, Jessica; Daffara, Fulvia; Terzolo, Massimo; Scagliotti, Giorgio V; Volante, Marco; Papotti, Mauro

    2014-08-01

    Several microRNAs (miRNAs) were shown to be deregulated in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) as compared with adenoma, but a detailed assessment of their expression in its histologic variants and correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics has not been performed, so far. Our aim was to assess the expression of 5 selected miRNAs (IGF2 gene-related miR-483-3p and 5p and hypoxia-induced miR-210, miR-195, and miR-1974) in a series of 51 ACCs (35 classical, 6 myxoid, and 10 oncocytic) as compared with clinical and pathologic features and immunohistochemical expression of prognostic markers, including steroidogenic factor 1, p53, β-catenin, and glucose transporter 1. Oncocytic carcinomas had a reduced expression of miR-483-3p (P = .0325), miR-483-5p (P = .0175), and miR-210 (P = .0366), as compared with other histotypes. Overexpression of miR-210 was associated with the presence of necrosis (P = .0035), high Ki-67 index (P = .0013), and high glucose transporter 1 expression (P = .0043), whereas an inverse correlation with mitotic rate was observed in cases with high miR-493-3p (P = .0191) and miR-1974 (P = .0017) expression. High miR-1974 was also associated with low Ki-67 (P = .0312) and European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors stage (P = .0082) and negative p53 (P = .0013). At univariate analysis myxoid/classic histotype (P = .026), high miR-210 (P = .0465), high steroidogenic factor 1 protein (P = .0017), high Ki-67 (P = .0066), and high mitotic index (P = .0006) were significantly associated the shorter overall survival, the latter being the sole independent prognostic factor at multivariate analysis (P = .017). In conclusion, (a) miR-483-3p, miR-483-5p, and miR-210 are differentially expressed in ACC variants, and (b) high miR-210 is associated with clinicopathologic parameters of aggressiveness and a poor prognosis.

  14. Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis: clinico-pathologic correlation of focal attenuation differences on multi-phasic spiral CT

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    Jeong, Jun Yong; Han, Joon Koo; Kim, Tae Kyoung; Kim, Seog Joon; Kim, Hyun Bum; Choi, Byung Ihn [College of Medicine, Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-02-01

    To determine the clinical and the pathologic significance of the focal attenuation differences (FAD) and bile duct wall enhancement occurring in recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) and seen at multiphasic spiral CT. Among the multiphasic (non-contrast, arterial and portal or delayed phase) spiral CT findings of 60 consecutive patients, two types of FAD were noted during the non-contrast phase. These were Type A (iso) and Type B (low attenuation), and their distribution pattern (lobar versus patchy, multifocal) and the and the presence or absence of bile duct wall enhancement were recorded. The radiologic findings were correlated with the clinical and pathologic findings. Two types of FAD were noted in 40 of the 60 patients. Active in flammation was present in 19 of the 27 with Type-A and in ten of the 15 in whom the presence of RPC was pathologically proven. Ten of the 13 with Type-B FAD were in a subclinical state, and nine of the ten in whom RPC was pathologically proven had chronic inflammation. Among 20 patients who did not have FAD, RPC was subclinical in 18 and dormant in nine of the eleven in whom its presence was pathologically proven (p<0.001). Clinico-pathologic correlation with bile duct wall enhancement and the distribution pattern of FAD showed no statistical significance. The inflammatory activity of RPC can be predicted by analysis of the FAD seen at multiphasic spiral CT.

  15. The Correlation of MGMT Promoter Methylation and Clinicopathological Features in Gastric Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yong; Yang, Qihua; Wang, Bojun; Ye, Guoliang; Tong, Xiaoqiong

    2016-01-01

    The silencing of the tumor suppressor gene O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) by promoter methylation commonly occurs in human cancers. The relationship between MGMT promoter methylation and gastric cancer (GC) remains inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the potential value of MGMT promoter methylation in GC patients. Electronic databases were searched to identify eligible studies. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to evaluate the effects of MGMT methylation on GC risk and clinicopathological characteristics. In total, 31 eligible studies including 2988 GC patients and 2189 nonmalignant controls were involved in meta-analysis. In the pooled analysis, MGMT promoter methylation was significantly associated with GC risk (OR = 3.34, P MGMT methylation showed a trend associated with gender, and methylation is lower in males compared with females (OR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.56-1.03). We did not find a significant association in relation to tumor types, clinical stage, age status or H. pylori status in cancer (all P > 0.1). MGMT promoter methylation may be correlated with the prognosis of GCs in disease free survival (DFS) or overall survival (OS) for univariate analysis. MGMT promoter methylation may play a crucial role in the carcinogenesis and prognosis of GC. MGMT methylation was not correlated with tumor types, clinical stage, age status, H. pylori status. However, the result of the association of MGMT methylation and gender should be considered with caution.

  16. Clinicopathological significance of ZEB-1 and E-cadherin proteins in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma

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    Yao X

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Xiaofeng Yao,1,2 Shanshan Sun,1,2 Xuan Zhou,1,2 Qiang Zhang,1,2 Wenyu Guo,1,2 Lun Zhang1,2 1Department of Maxillofacial and Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, 2Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China Background: Zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB-1, a member of the ZFH family, plays a key role in epithelial–mesenchymal transition during tumor progression in various cancers. However, little information is available on ZEB-1 expression in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC.Methods: The expression levels of ZEB-1 and E-cadherin were assessed by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 120 patients with OSCC treated by curative operation, and then the correlations between ZEB-1 and E-cadherin expression and clinical factors were evaluated, including patient prognosis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR assays were performed to assess mRNA levels of ZEB-1 and E-cadherin in 20 matched OSCC specimens.Results: Patients were followed up for a median period of 66 months (range 8-116 months, and 5-year overall survival was 68.3%. Positive ZEB-1 and E-cadherin immunostaining reactivity was detected in 64 (53.3% and 53 (44.2% patients, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ZEB-1 expression and E-cadherin expression. In addition, overexpression of ZEB-1 was significantly associated with recurrence, lymph node metastasis, and pathologic grading of patients, loss of E-cadherin was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and pathologic grading of patients. Univariate analysis showed that increased ZEB-1 expression, loss of E-cadherin expression, lymph node metastasis, recurrence, and pathology grade were prognostic factors. In multivariate analysis, increased ZEB-1 expression and recurrence remained independent prognostic factors. In particular

  17. Mixed exocrine-neuroendocrine carcinoma of the nasal cavity: clinico-pathologic and molecular study of a case and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Rosa, Stefano; Furlan, Daniela; Franzi, Francesca; Battaglia, Paolo; Frattini, Milo; Zanellato, Elena; Marando, Alessandro; Sahnane, Nora; Turri-Zanoni, Mario; Castelnuovo, Paolo; Capella, Carlo

    2013-03-01

    Sinonasal intestinal-type adenocarcinomas (ITACs) are rare neoplasms histologically resembling intestinal adenocarcinomas. Although a neuroendocrine differentiation in ITACs has been described, true mixed exocrine-neuroendocrine carcinomas, neoplasms in which each component represents at least 30 % of the lesion, are extremely rare and their molecular alterations are largely unknown. We describe herein the clinico-pathologic features, the methylation profile, chromosomal gains and losses, and mutation analysis of KRAS, BRAF and p53 in a nasal mixed exocrine-neuroendocrine carcinoma resected in a 79-year-old man. The tumor was composed of an ITAC and a poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma. Both exocrine and neuroendocrine components were CK8, CK20, CDX2 and p53 positive, and CK7 and TTF1 negative. The neuroendocrine component also showed immunoreactivity for chromogranin A, synaptophysin, serotonin and glicentin. Gains and losses were found at following chromosome regions: 17p13 (TP53), 14q24 (MLH3), 19q13 (KLK3), 5q21 (APC), 7q21 (CDK6), 9q34 (DAPK1), 12p13 (TNFRSF 1A, CDKN1B), 13q12 (BRCA2), 17p13.3 (HIC1), 18q21 (BCL2), and 22q12 (TIMP3). Aberrant methylation was detected only in the neuroendocrine component and involved APC and DAPK1 genes. No mutation of KRAS (exons 2-4), BRAF (exon 15), and p53 (exons 4-10) was found in both components. The results suggest a monoclonal origin of the tumor from a pluripotent cell undergoing a biphenotypic differentiation and that the neuroendocrine differentiation may be from an exocrine to an endocrine pathway. We have also reviewed the literature on sinonasal mixed exocrine-neuroendocrine carcinomas to give to the reader a comprehensive overview of these very rare tumor types.

  18. Mast cell density and the context of clinicopathological parameters and expression of p185, estrogen receptor, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying-An Jiang; You-Yuan Zhang; He-Sheng Luo; Shou-Fu Xing

    2002-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the relationship between the mast cell density (MCD) and the context of clinicopathological parameters and expression of p185, estrogen receptor (ER), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in gastric carcinoma.METHODS: Mast cell, p185, ER, and PCNA were detected using immunohistochemical S-P labeling method. Mast cell was counted in tissue of gastric carcinoma and regional lymph nodes respectively, and involved lymph nodes (TLN) were examined as usual.RESULTS: MCD was significantly related to both age and depth of penetration (χ2=4.688,P<0.05 for age and χ2=9.350,P<0.01 for depth of penetration) between MCD>21/0.03 mm2 and MCD≤21/0.03 mm2 in 100 patients; MCD in 1-6 ILN group patients was significantly higher than that in 7-15 TLN or >15 TLN group patients (u=6.881, 8.055, P<0.01);There were significant differences intergroup in positive expression rate of p185, ER and PCNA between MCD >21/0.03 mm2 and MCD≤21/0.03 mm2 in 100 patients.CONCLUSION: Mast cell may have effect on inhibiting invasive growth of tumor, especially in the aged patients; The number of mast cells, in certain degree, may predicate the number of involved lymph nodes, which is valuable for assessment of prognosis; MCD was related to the expression of p185, ER, and PCNA in gastric carcinoma. Tt suggests that mast cell accumulation may inhibit the proliferation and the dissemination of the gastric carcinoma.

  19. Decreased expression of H3K27me3 in human ovarian carcinomas correlates with more aggressive tumor behavior and poor patient survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, W P; Li, Q; Zhou, J; H, Z S; Kung, H F; Guan, X Y; Xie, D; Yang, G F

    2015-01-01

    It has been confirmed that trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me3) plays an important role in epigenetic process of tumorigenesis. However, the status of H3K27me3 in ovarian cancer and its impact on patients' clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis are unclear. In the present study, the immunohistochemistry (IHC) was utilized to detect protein expression of H3K27me3 in 12 normal ovaries, 26 ovarian cystadenomas, 31 borderline ovarian tumors and 168 ovarian carcinomas by tissue microarray. The association between H3K27me3 expression with clinicopathologic features and patient prognosis were also evaluated using various statistical models. The expression of H3K27me3 was decreased in 2 of 12 (16.7%) cases of the normal ovaries, 8 of 26 (30.8%) cases of cystadenomas, 12 of 31 (38.7%) cases of borderline ovarian tumors, and 93 of 168 (55.4%) cases of primary ovarian carcinomas, respectively (P<0.05). Further correlation analysis suggested that decreased expression of H3K27me3 in ovarian carcinomas was significantly correlated with more advanced pM and FIGO stages (P<0.05). In addition, a significant association between decreased expression of H3K27me3 and shortened patient survival (mean 66 months versus 101 months, p=0.019) was demonstrated by univariate survival analysis of the ovarian carcinoma cohorts. Importantly, H3K27me3 expression provided a significant independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (p=0.028). These findings confirmed that decreased expression of H3K27me3 in primary ovarian cancer might be correlated with the acquisition of an invasive and/or aggressive phenotype of tumor, and might serve as an independent biomarker for poor prognosis in patients with ovarian carcinoma.

  20. Correlation between CK18 gene and gastric carcinoma micrometastasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Xu; Ming-Wei Zhang; Jing Huang; Xin Wang; Shu-Fen Xu; Yah Li; Shu-Jie Wang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To explore the biological behavior of gastric carcinoma micrometastasis (MM) with a marker of cytokeratin 18 (CK18) and to evaluate the clinical stage of gastric carcinoma and its prognosis. METHODS: Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the expression of CK18 mRNA in 298 lymph nodes from 35 patients with gastric carcinoma and 20 lymph nodes from 10 patients with chronic peptic ulcer and gastric perforation diagnosed by pathological examination and surgery.CK18 mRNA expression of peripheral blood from 54 patients with gastric carcinoma and 10 healthy people were also examined.RESULTS: Expression of CK18 mRNA was not found in 10 patients with benign pathological changes.CK18 mRNA expression in gastric carcinoma tissues was strongly positive. In gastric carcinoma patients,pathological examination revealed that 99 of 298 (33.2%)lymph nodes were positive, while RT-PCR showed that 133 of 298 (44.6%) lymph nodes had expression of CK18 mRNA. The difference was significant (P<0.05).Among the 199 negative lymph nodes identified by pathological examinations, 34 (17.1%) displayed positive expression of CK18 mRNA by RT-PCR. The positive expression of CK18 mRNA was associated with lymph node micrometastasis (LMM) of gastric carcinoma. CK18 mRNA was negatively expressed in all 10 healthycases and positively expressed in 38.9% of 54 blood specimens from gastric carcinoma patients. The positive rate was not correlated with tumor invasion of gastric carcinoma,but was significantly associated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis (P=0.0290, P< 0.05) and tumor differentiation (P= 0.2956, P<0.05).CONCLUSION: RT-PCR with CK18 mRNA as a molecular marker is highly sensitive and specific in detecting LMM of gastric carcinoma. It can benefit the diagnosis of MM and guide studies on biological behavior, clinical phase,and therapy as well as relapse monitoring.

  1. Rhabdoid differentiation is associated with aggressive behavior in renal cell carcinoma: a clinicopathologic analysis of 76 cases with clinical follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Przybycin, Christopher G; McKenney, Jesse K; Reynolds, Jordan P; Campbell, Steven; Zhou, Ming; Karafa, Matthew T; Magi-Galluzzi, Cristina

    2014-09-01

    Rhabdoid differentiation has been associated with aggressive behavior in carcinomas from different organ systems. A recent consensus statement of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP), in addition to proposing a nucleolar grading system (ISUP grade) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to replace the Fuhrman system, recommended reporting the presence of rhabdoid differentiation in RCC and considering tumors with rhabdoid differentiation to be ISUP grade 4. Although it has been shown that rhabdoid differentiation is associated with increased grade and stage of RCC, it has not been fully demonstrated whether it has an adverse effect independent of this association with increased grade and stage. We provide the largest clinicopathologic analysis of RCC with rhabdoid differentiation to date (76 cases), including characterization of metastatic disease. In addition, by constructing a multivariable model including tumor grade, stage, necrosis, and distant metastasis to compare a series of 49 clear cell RCC with rhabdoid differentiation with a cohort of 41 clear cell RCCs without rhabdoid differentiation, we demonstrate that the presence of rhabdoid differentiation in clear cell RCC confers an increased risk of death (hazard ratio=5.25; 95% confidence interval, 2.1-14.3) independent of these other adverse prognostic factors. These findings underscore the significance of rhabdoid differentiation in RCC as an adverse prognostic factor and support the recent reporting and grading recommendations of the ISUP.

  2. Overexpression of cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 correlates with improved prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xundi; Liu, Yi; Huang, Shengfu; Liu, Guoxing; Xie, Chengzhi; Zhou, Jun; Fan, Wentao; Li, Qinglong; Wang, Qunwei; Zhong, Dewu; Miao, Xiongying

    2006-11-01

    CB1 and CB2 are multifunctional cannabinoid-specific receptors considered to be involved in inhibition of tumor development. To elucidate their roles in hepatocarcinogenesis, we analyzed the expression of these receptors in tumor and matched nontumorous tissues of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) samples. In situ hybridization analysis showed overexpression of CB1 mRNAs in 8 of 13 (62%) HCC samples, and of CB2 mRNAs in 7 of 13 (54%). Immunohistochemical analysis of 64 HCC samples showed the expression of CB1 and CB2 receptors to increase from normal liver to chronic hepatitis to cirrhosis. Marked expression of CB1 and CB2 receptors was noted in the majority of cirrhotic liver samples (86 and 78%, respectively). In HCC, high expression of CB1 and CB2 receptors was observed in 29 (45%) and 33 (52%) cases, respectively. Clinicopathological evaluation indicated a significant correlation between CB1 and CB2 expression and two clinicopathological parameters such as the histopathological differentiation (P = 0.021 and 0.001, respectively), portal vein invasion (P = 0.015 and 0.004, respectively). Univariate analysis indicated that disease-free survival was significantly better in HCC patients with high versus those with low CB1 and CB2 expression levels (P = 0.010 and 0.037, respectively). Our results indicate that CB1 and CB2 have potential as prognostic indicators and suggest possible beneficial effects of cannabinoids on prognosis of patients with HCC.

  3. ERK/pERK expression and B-raf mutations in colon adenocarcinomas: correlation with clinicopathological characteristics

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    Levidou Georgia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Colorectal (CRC carcinogenesis through various morphological stages has been linked to several genetic and epigenetic changes. The Raf/MEK/ERK (MAPK signal transduction cascade is an important mediator of a number of cellular fates. Methods In this study, we investigated the presence of B-raf and K-ras mutations in 94 consecutive cases of primary colon adenocarcinoma in correlation with the immunohistochemical expression of total and activated ERK and the expression of mismatch repair proteins (MMR hMLH1 and hMSH2 as well as their correlations with standard clinicopathological parameters. Results The immunostaining pattern for total and activated ERK was nuclear and cytoplasmic. hMLH1 and hMSH2 proteins were preserved in 45/63 (71.43% cases and 35/53 (66.04% cases respectively. Total ERK nuclear expression, was positively correlated with tumor stage (p = 0.049, whereas nuclear pERK expression was positively correlated with histological grade (p = 0.0113 and tumor stage (p = 0.0952, although the latter relationship was of marginal significance. DNA sequencing showed that 12 samples (12.7% had a mutation in B-RAF Exon 15 and none in Exon 11, whereas 22 (23.4% had a K-ras mutation. Disruption of the MAP kinase pathway-either through K-ras or B-raf mutation-was detected in 37% of all the examined cases, although the overexpression of total and activated ERK1/2 was not correlated with the mutational status of K-ras or B-raf genes. Finally, the preservation of hMLH1 or hMSH2 immunoexpression was not correlated with the presence of B-raf and/or K-ras mutations. Conclusions In this study, we present evidence that ERK activation occurs in a K-ras or B-raf -independent manner in the majority of primary colon cancer cases. Moreover, B-raf mutations are not associated with mismatch-repair deficiency through loss of hMLH1 or hMSH2 expression. Activated ERK could possibly be implicated in tumor invasiveness as well as in the acquisition of

  4. APC, K-ras, and p53 gene mutations in colorectal cancer patients: correlation to clinicopathologic features and postoperative surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Jan-Sing; Lin, Shiu-Ru; Chang, Mei-Yin; Chen, Fang-Ming; Lu, Chien-Yu; Huang, Tsung-Jen; Huang, Yu-Sheng; Huang, Che-Jen; Wang, Jaw-Yuan

    2005-04-01

    Current researches have proposed a genetic model for colorectal cancer (CRC), in which the sequential accumulation of mutations in specific cancer-related genes, including adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), K-ras, and p53, drives the transition from normal epithelium through increasing adenomatous dysplasia to colorectal cancer. To identify patients with an increased risk of tumor recurrence or metastasis and evaluate the prognostic values of APC, K-ras, and p53 gene mutations, we investigated the frequency of these three mutated genes in tumors and sera of CRC patients. APC, K-ras, and p53 gene mutations in primary tumor tissues and their paired preoperative serum samples of 118 CRC patients were detected by using polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis, followed by direct DNA sequencing of the PCR-amplified genomic DNA. Subsequently, serum molecular markers were analyzed for their correlation with patients' clinicopathologic features and presence of postoperative recurrence/metastasis. We did not observe any significant difference in the association of APC or K-ras or p53 gene mutations in primary tumors with patients' demographic data (all were P > 0.05). In contrast, both serum APC and p53 molecular markers were closely correlated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (both P APC and K-ras molecular markers were more frequently observed in patients with locoregional metastasis (both P colorectal cancer patients harboring gene mutations at high risk of metastasis. Serial analysis is warranted in order to assess their long-term prognostic significance and the therapeutic implications.

  5. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN: clinico-pathological correlations and surgical indications

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    Cantù Massimiliano

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs are increasingly recognized entities, whose management remains sometimes controversial, due to the high rate of benign lesions and on the other side to the good survival after resection of malignant ones. Methods Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected Western series of IPMN. Results Forty cases of IPMN were analysed (1992-2007. Most patients were symptomatic (72.5%; cholangio-MRI had the best diagnostic accuracy both for the tumour nature (83.3% and for the presence of malignancy (57.1%. ERCP was done in 8 cases (20%, and the results were poor. Thirteen patients were treated by pancreatic resection and 27 were maintained in follow-up. Total pancreatectomy was performed in 46% of the cases; in situ and invasive carcinoma were recognized in 15.4% and 38.4% of the cases, respectively. The mean follow-up was 42 months (range 12-72. One only patients with nodal metastases died 16 months after the operation for disease progression, while 91.6% of the operated patients are disease free. Out of the 27 not resected patients, 2 out of 4 presenting a lesion at high risk for malignancy died, while the remaining are in good conditions and disease free, with a mean follow-up of 31 months. Conclusion Therapeutic indication for IPMNs is mainly based upon radiological evaluation of the risk of malignancy. While the main duct tumours should be resected, preserving whenever possible a portion of the gland, the secondary ducts tumours may be maintained under observation, in absence of radiological elements of suspicion such as size larger than 3 cm, or a wall greater than 3 mm or nodules or papillae in the context of the cyst.

  6. Angiogenesis in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: clinico-pathological correlations and prognostic significance in specific subtypes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, J M; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Bendix, K;

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate angiogenesis in different subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and to correlate angiogenic scores to clinical endpoints. Pre-therapeutic lymph node biopsies from 308 patients with NHL [107 follicular B-cell lymphoma (FL), 94 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (...

  7. Maspin expression, subcellular localization and clinicopathological correlation in endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blandamura, Stella; Alessandrini, Lara; Saccardi, Carlo; Giacomelli, Luciano; Fabris, Alberta; Borghero, Angela; Litta, Pietro

    2014-06-01

    Maspin expression in endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinomas was assessed and its correlation with p53 and Ki67 expressions and clinical outcome, as well as its potential to distinguish typical from atypical endometrial hyperplasia, were assessed in this study. Histological sections from 114 cases of endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma, 75 cases of endometrial hyperplasia (typical and atypical), and 23 normal endometrial tissue samples were examined. The most representative hematoxylin-eosin slides were selected and 2-3 micron-thick sections were cut for immunohistochemical staining with maspin, p53, and Ki67 antibodies. While there was no maspin expression in normal endometrial cells, it was present in 14.5% of the patients with endometrial hyperplasia without atypia. Staining for maspin was positive in atypical hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma in, respectively, 45% and 49.1% of the cases studied. No statistically significant correlations were found between maspin and Ki-67 antibodies or p53 expression. Our findings showed that maspin expression, which generally correlates with a less aggressive behavior, is significantly higher in atypical hyperplasia and in endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Maspin positivity in endometrial hyperplasia could be used to identify pseudo-atypical hyperplasia and could be considered a potentially useful prognostic parameter in those cases in which adenocarcinomas are well differentiated.

  8. Invasion patterns in stage I endometrioid and mucinous ovarian carcinomas: a clinicopathologic analysis emphasizing favorable outcomes in carcinomas without destructive stromal invasion and the occasional malignant course of carcinomas with limited destructive stromal invasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shirley; Leitao, Mario M; Tornos, Carmen; Soslow, Robert A

    2005-07-01

    Stage I, low-grade endometrioid and mucinous ovarian carcinomas have an excellent prognosis. Published data have suggested that destructive stromal invasion, a relatively uncommon finding in these tumors, is a poor prognostic factor. We investigated this by studying all FIGO stage I, grades 1 and 2 (of 3) endometrioid and mucinous ovarian carcinomas that were surgically staged at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 1980 to 2000. We undertook a careful review of all available slides using current diagnostic criteria and correlated histopathologic indices with clinical outcome data. Cases studied included 13 endometrioid ovarian carcinomas (stage IA, eight; stage IC, five) and six intestinal mucinous ovarian carcinomas (stage IA, three; stage IC, three). All of the tumors contained areas of expansile invasion, greater than that acceptable for microinvasion, and were thus diagnosed as carcinomas instead of borderline tumors. Nevertheless, nearly all demonstrated borderline tumor (noninvasive) components. Six tumors contained at least one focus of destructive stromal invasion (two endometrioid and four mucinous ovarian carcinomas). Four additional cases showed a focus suspicious for but not diagnostic of destructive invasion ('indeterminate for destructive invasion') (two endometrioid and two mucinous ovarian carcinomas). Follow-up data were available for 17 patients. The median follow-up was 81 months (range, 9-161 months). In all, 14 patients were alive with no evidence of disease (expansile invasion alone, eight; destructive stromal invasion, four; and indeterminate for destructive invasion, two). Three patients died of their disease (destructive stromal invasion, two; and indeterminate for destructive invasion, one). The size, number, and nuclear grade of destructive stromal invasion foci did not appear to have an impact on survival in this relatively limited number of patients. Outcome data in patients with stage I, low-grade endometrioid and mucinous

  9. 乳腺包裹性乳头状癌17例临床病理观察%A clinicopathologic study of breast encapsulated papillary carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘裔莎; 魏兵; 步宏; 张璋; 王剑威; 陈卉娇; 张红英

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To elucidate the clinicopathologic features of encapsulated papillary carcinoma ( EPC ) of the breast. Methods The clinicopathologic features and immunohistochemical results of 17 cases of breast EPC were reviewed. The antibody used for iininu-nohistochemical staining included p63, SMA, CK5/6, ER, PR, HER-2 and Ki-67. Follow-up data for the patients was got. Results Of the 17 EPC patients, 16 were females, with a mean age of 62 years. Palpable mass and nipple discharge were the most common symptoms. EPCs ranged in size from 1. 5 to 5. 5 cm( mean 2. 9 cm ), and 10 cases were cystic. Microscopic examination showed single or multiple lesions surrounded by a rim of fibrous connective tissue. The majority of EPCs demonstrated the classic features of a papillary architecture lined by tall columnar epithelial cells. The minority presented a cribriform or solid glandular pattern. One patient had metastasis carcinoma in 1 axillary lymph node. Myoepithelial cell staining was negative for p63, SMA and CK5/6 within the tumor and at the periphery of the tumor. The tumor cells were positive for ER and PR. Only 1 case showed 2( + ) staining for HER-2, and the rest were negative. The average positive percentage for Ki-67 was 12% . Follow-up was available in 10 cases, and no patient had recurrence , distant metastasis or death. Conclusions EPC lacking a peripheral layer of myoepithelial cells can be regarded as a special type of invasive carcinoma associated with better prognosis, and can be treated like the therapy of DCIS.%目的 探讨乳腺包裹性乳头状癌(encapsulated papillary carcinoma,EPC)的临床病理特征.方法 回顾性分析17例乳腺EPC的临床病理资料和免疫组化染色结果(抗体包括p63、SMA、CK5/6、ER、PR、HER-2和Ki-67),获取随访患者预后信息.结果 17例EPC中女性16例,男性1例,平均年龄62岁.临床以乳腺肿块和乳头溢液为主要表现.肿瘤最大径1.5~5.5 cm(平均2.9 cm),10例肉眼可见囊腔形成.

  10. Correlation of clinico-pathologic and radiologic parameters of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer

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    P Mukherjee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: As of today, there is no validated standard method to assess clinical response of breast cancer to neo- adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT. Some centers use clinical dimensions while others use radiological measurements to evaluate response according to RECIST criteria. Aims: The aim was to correlate and compare the clinical, radiological, and pathological parameters for assessing the tumor response in patients of breast cancer receiving NACT. Settings and Design: Single institution, prospective nonrandomized study conducted over a 2-year period. Materials and Methods: Patients with diagnosed breast cancer were assessed for response to NACT prior to surgery using clinical and radiological techniques. This was correlated with pathological reponse which was assessed by measuring gross dimensions and Miller-Payne grading of response to chemotherapy. Statistical Analysis Used: Spearman′s rho nonparametric. RESULTS: Fifty two patients completed the evaluation (out of 313 cases of ca breast treated during the same period with a median age of 52.5 years. We noted a 26.9% clinical complete response (CR and 19.2% had pathological CR. Clinical evaluation had a sensitivity and specificity of 73.5% and 88.5% respectively compared to 14.2% and 100% respectively for radiological assessment. Conclusions: Clinical assessment of response to NACT shows a higher sensitivity compared to radiological assessment. However the overall low sensitivity and specificity rates of clinical assessment mandate a search for a better method of evaluation.

  11. Expression of cyclins A and E in melanocytic skin lesions and its correlation with some clinicopathologic features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Alekseenko

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cyclins play a fundamental role in the cell cycle. Recent studies have focused on their role in the development of various malignancies. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the expression of cyclins A and E in common nevi, dysplastic nevi and malignant melanomas, and to investigate the relationship between cyclin expression and some pathological parameters such as tumor thickness, ulceration, regression, and mitotic rate, as well as several clinical and phenotypic parameters such as skin phototype, hair and eye color, number of nevi, personal or family melanoma history, and personal history of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC. A total of 102 melanocytic skin lesions, including 30 common nevi, 38 dysplastic nevi and 34 melanomas, were examined. Expression of cyclins was detected by immunohistochemistry and quantified as a percentage of immunostained cell nuclei in each sample. Significant differences in expression of both cyclins were found between all lesion types: the median percentage of cyclin A-positive nuclei was 8.2% in melanomas, 3.4% in dysplastic nevi, and 0.95% in common nevi (p < 0.001. The corresponding percentages for cyclin E were 9.5%, 4.25% and 1.44% (p < 0.001. Expression of both cyclins was significantly higher among patients with a personal history of NMSC. Cyclin A was also significantly overexpressed in patients with a high total nevus count (TNC compared to moderate and low TNC. Expression of cyclins did not significantly correlate with the other clinicopathologic features investigated. These findings indicate the possible involvement of cyclins A and E in the pathogenesis of malignant melanoma. Our results also show a potential diagnostic significance of these cyclins as markers allowing discrimination between dysplastic nevi and melanoma.

  12. Des-γ-carboxyprothrombin (DCP and NX-DCP expressions and their relationship with clinicopathological features in hepatocellular carcinoma.

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    Akiko Sumi

    Full Text Available Des-γ-carboxyprothrombin (DCP has been used as a tumor marker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Recently the DCP/NX-DCP ratio, calculated by dividing DCP by NX-DCP, has been reported useful in detecting HCC. The purpose of this study is to clarify the significance of DCP and NX-DCP expression in HCC tissues.HCC and non-HCC tissue samples were obtained from 157 patients and were immunohistochemically examined for DCP and NX-DCP expression using anti-DCP antibody and anti-NX-DCP antibody. DCP and NX-DCP expression scores were calculated by multiplying staining intensity grade by percentage of stained area. Serum DCP and NX-DCP levels were determined in 89 patients. We evaluated the relationship between tumor expression, serum level, and pathomorphological findings.Intrahepatic metastasis (im was significantly more frequent in cases with high DCP expression than in cases with low DCP expression. High NX-DCP expression was associated with significantly lower histological grade, and less frequent im or portal vein invasion (vp than low NX-DCP expression. Serum DCP was correlated with DCP expression, but serum NX-DCP was not correlated with NX-DCP expression. DCP-positive (≥40 mAU/L, NX-DCP-positive (≥90 mAU/L, and DCP/NX-DCP ratio-positive (≥1.5 cases were associated with significantly larger tumor size and more frequent vp than negative cases. DCP was rarely expressed, but NX-DCP was frequently expressed in non-cancerous liver tissues. Patients with NX-DCP expression-negative tumors showed a lower survival rate than those with NX-DCP expression-positive tumors (p = 0.04, whereas the survival in serum NX-DCP-positive cases was lower than that of serum negative cases (p = 0.02.DCP and NX-DCP were produced in HCC tissues, but differed in expression level and biological properties. DCP expression, serum DCP or NX-DCP level, and DCP/NX-DCP ratio were closely related to malignant properties of HCC.

  13. Chemokine axes CXCL12/CXCR4 and CXCL16/CXCR6 correlate with lymph node metastasis in epithelial ovarian carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Guo; Zhu-Mei Cui; Jia Zhang; Yu Huang

    2011-01-01

    Recent evidence suggests that the chemokine axis of CXC chemokine ligand-12 and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCL12/CXCR4) is highly expressed in gynecological tumors and the axis of CXC chemokine ligand-16 and CXC chemokine receptor-6 (CXCL16/CXCR6) is overexpressed in inflammation-associated tumors. This study aimed to determine the relationship between CXCL12/CXCR4, CXCL16/CXCR6 and ovadan carcinoma's clinicopathologic features and prognosis. Accordingly, the expression of these proteins in ovarian tissues was detected by tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry. The expressions of CXCL12/CXCR4 and CXCL16/CXCR6 were significantly higher in epithelial ovadan carcinomas than in normal epithelial ovadan tissues or benign epithelial ovadan tumors. The expression of chemokines CXCL12 and CXCL16 were positively correlated with their receptors CXCR4 and CXCR6 in ovarian carcinoma, respectively (r = 0.300, P < 0.05; r = 0.395, P < 0.05). Moreover, the expression of CXCL12 was related to the occurrence of ascites (X2 = 4.76, P < 0.05), the expression of CXCR4 was significantly related to lymph node metastasis (X2 = 4.37, P < 0.05), the expression of CXCR6 was significantly related to lymph node metastasis (X2 = 7.43, P < 0.05) and histological type (X2 = 33.48, P < 0.05). ln univariate analysis, the expression of CXCR4 and CXCL16 significantly correlated with reduced median survival (X2 = 4.67, P < 0.05; X2 = 4.48, P < 0.05). Therefore, we conclude that the chemokine axes CXCL12/CXCR4 and CXCL16/CXCR6 may play important roles in the growth, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of epithelial ovarian carcinoma.

  14. Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 40 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, E R; Frierson, H F; Mills, S E; George, E; Zarbo, R J; Swanson, P E

    1992-10-01

    In this study of 40 cases of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma, 83% arose in the pyriform sinus, base of tongue, tonsil, and larynx. The 35 men and five women ranged in age from 27 to 88 years (median 62). In patients for whom social habits were recorded, 24 of 26 patients were smokers and 22 of 25 drank ethanol. Most presented with stage III or IV disease. Twenty-seven patients had regional metastases at the time of presentation and 15 developed distant metastases. Seventeen patients died with disease (median survival 18 months). The tumors were composed of moderately pleomorphic basaloid cells forming nests, cords, and frequent cribriform patterns. Squamous dysplasia of surface mucosa, focal squamous differentiation within invasive basaloid squamous cell carcinoma, or foci of conventional squamous cell carcinoma were present, alone or in combination. All studied neoplasms were immunohistochemically positive for keratins with the 34 beta E12 antibody. Approximately 80% were immunoreactive using AE1/AE3 or CAM 5.2. Epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and S100 protein were found in 83%, 53%, and 39%, respectively, of the cases. Diffuse, weak immunoreactivity for neuron-specific enolase was seen in 75% of tumors. Synaptophysin, chromogranin, muscle-specific actin, and glial fibrillary acidic protein were absent. Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma has been confused with adenoid cystic carcinoma and small cell undifferentiated carcinoma, but is usually distinguishable in routine hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections, or, in rare problematic cases, with the aid of immunohistochemical studies. Distinction is warranted because the biologic behavior of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma differs from that of both of these lesions.

  15. Clinicopathologic Correlation of Oral Lichen Planus and Oral Lichenoid Lesions: A Preliminary Study

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    Marinka Mravak-Stipetić

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral lichen planus (OLP and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL are clinically and histologically similar lesions but their treatment planning and prognosis are different. The review of the literature indicates numerous criteria to distinguish these two lesions; however there is a lot of inconsistency. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the correlation of histopathology and clinical OLP and OLL diagnosis and to clarify which histopathologic criteria could best distinguish these two diagnoses. A retrospective study showed that clinically diagnosed 92 OLPs and 14 OLLs have been confirmed histopathologically in 52.2% and 42.9% of cases, respectively. In addition, histopathology showed statistically significant more eosinophils (P<0.0005, plasma cells (P<0.0005, and granulocytes (P<0.05 in OLL than OLP. To establish histopathological diagnosis of OLP and OLL it should be mandatory to define the type of cells in mononuclear infiltrate, which can be associated more accurately with clinical feature and patient history. Therefore, currently accepted diagnostic criteria for OLP and OLL should be modified and validated on a larger number of patients taking into account particular distinguishing histopathological features.

  16. CORRELATION BETWEEN LAMININ AND CATHEPSIN D EXPRESSIONS IN BREAST CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Feng; CHEN Wei-hong; ZHENG Jian-ming; HUANG Ling

    2006-01-01

    Objective: Laminin is a major glycoprotein component of basement membrance which is an important barrier to tumor cells which must be breeched before metastatic spread can occur. Proteolytic enzymes play an important role in mediating the passage of cancer cells through the basement membrane (BM) and extracellular matrix. We compared the patterns of laminin and cathepsin D (CD) expressions in a range of benign and malignant breast lesions to better understand the process of tumor progression. Methods: One hundred and sixty-two cases of breast samples comprising 18 fibroadeomas, 22 cases of fibrocystic disease, 96 cases of invasive ductal carcinoma and 26 carcinomas with intraductal components were evaluated for laminin and cathepsin D expressions by immunohistochemical staining. Results: The prevalence of CD positivity in both neoplastic and stromal cell components were significantly higher in higher histological grade tumors compared to lower grades (P<0.001). Various severity of BM disruption correlated with histological grade of the carcinomas (P<0.001). There was a negative correlation between the laminin expression and CD presence. Conclusion: In the process of cancer cell invasion and metastasis, the basement membrane is disrupted by proteinase secreted by cancer cells, especially by stroma cells of cancer.

  17. AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL PATTERN OF CARCINOMA OESOPHAGUS IN A RURAL TERTIARY CENTRE

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    Kothandapani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Oesophageal cancer is one of the least studied and deadliest cancers worldwide, because of its aggressive nature. It ranks sixth among all cancers in mortality. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES/THE AIMS OF THIS STUDY IS TO ANALYSE AND STUDY 1. The incidence of carcinoma oesophagus, age and sex wise; 2. The clinical presentation of carcinoma oesophagus; 3. The common sites of occurrence; 4. The pathological pattern of carcinoma oesophagus. METHODS/PLACE OF STUDY Department of General Surgery, Chennai Medical College Hospital, Irungalur, Trichy. METHOD OF COLLECTION OF DATA A retrospective analytical study of 76 patients, diagnosed with carcinoma oesophagus, admitted in Surgery Department was done and study period was from April 2010 to March 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA/ALL AGE GROUPS 1. Both male and female; 2. Patients proven Ca Oesophagus endoscopically. EXCLUSION CRITERIA 1. Benign strictures of oesophagus. 2. Advanced Ca Oesophagus patients. RESULTS Among 76 patients with carcinoma oesophagus, males of 6th decade were more prevalent; 71 patients presented with dysphagia (85.4%, the most common symptom. Mild oesophagus (38/76 patients being the commonest site. Squamous cell cancer formed 67 (89% of all cancers. CONCLUSION Epidemiology of cancer oesophagus in our centre was similar to incidence worldwide. Clinically, dysphagia and weight loss were most common symptoms. Due to its aggressive nature and late stage of presentation increases the mortality worldwide.

  18. Clinicopathological features and treatment of extremity bone metastasis in patients with endometrial carcinoma: a case report and review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Guo-qing; GAO Yu-nong; GAO Min; ZHENG Hong; YAN Xin; WANG Wen; AN Na; CAO Kun

    2011-01-01

    Unlike other non-gynecologic solid tumors, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, metastasis to bone from endometrial carcinoma is rare, metastasis to extremity is extremely rare. We report a 51-year-old multiparous woman with FIGO Stage IVb Grade 2 endometrial adenocarcinoma which metastasized to left lower extremity bone. She received an amputation of left lower extremity below the knees, and a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and followed by systemic chemotherapy, radiation therapy to the pelvis and progestational agent. She had a complete response to above treatments, and disease-free survival for 10 months. After recurrence, she received chemotherapy, radiotherapy and progestational agent once again. She had lived 56 months and is still alive by the time of report. Metastasis of endometrial carcinoma to extremity bone can rarely occur and should be considered when the patient with endometrial carcinoma complained of unexplained pain and swelling associated with extremity bone.

  19. Clinicopathological features of five unusual cases of intraosseous myoepithelial carcinomas, mimicking conventional primary bone tumours, including EWSR1 rearrangement in one case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rekhi, Bharat; Joshi, Sujit; Panchwagh, Yogesh; Gulia, Ashish; Borges, Anita; Bajpai, Jyoti; Jambehekar, Nirmala A; Pant, Vinita; Mandholkar, Mahesh; Byregowda, Suman; Puri, Ajay

    2016-04-01

    Primary intraosseous myoepithelial tumours, including carcinomas are rare tumours. The concept of histopathological spectrum of these tumours is evolving. We describe clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of five myoepithelial carcinomas, including molecular cytogenetic results in one case. There were five male patients within age-range of 8-40 years (median = 26). Four tumours occurred in the long bones, including two tumours, each, in the femur and fibula, respectively, while a single tumour occurred in the proximal phalanges. Tumour size (n = 3 cases) varied from 5.6 to 8.6 cm. On radiological imaging, most tumours appeared as expansile, lytic and destructive lesions. Two tumours appeared as sclerotic lesions. Two cases were referred with diagnoses of chondrosarcomas and a single case was referred with two different diagnoses, including an adamantinoma and an osteosarcoma. Histopathological examination in all these cases showed multinodular tumours comprising mostly polygonal cells, exhibiting moderate nuclear atypia and interspersed mitotic figures within a stroma containing variable amount of myxoid, chondroid, hyalinised and osteoid-like material. Three tumours revealed prominent squamous differentiation. By immunohistochemistry, tumour cells were positive for EMA (5/5), pan CK (AE1/AE3) (3/3), CK5/6 (4/4), CK MNF116 (1/1), S100 protein (5/5) and GFAP (3/5). The first tumour revealed EWSR1 rearrangement. The first patient, 10 months after tumour resection and a simultaneous lung metastatectomy, is free-of-disease (FOD). The second patient, 11 months after tumour resection is FOD. The third and fourth patients underwent wide resections and are on follow-up. The fifth patient underwent resections, including a lung metastatectomy. Primary intraosseous myoepithelial carcinomas are rare and mimic conventional primary bone tumours. Some primary intraosseous myoepithelial carcinomas display EWSR1 rearrangement. Squamous differentiation may be

  20. Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma arising in an odontogenic cyst - a clinicopathologic analysis of 116 reported cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bodner, L.; Manor, E.; Shear, M.; van der Waal, I.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To review the literature on primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) associated with odontogenic cyst. Methods: All well-documented cases of PIOSCC published between 1938 and 2010 were collected. Only cases of PIOSCC arising from the lining of an odontogenic cyst, including the

  1. Evaluation of c-Met, HGF, and HER-2 expressions in gastric carcinoma and their association with other clinicopathological factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yıldız Y

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Yetkin Yıldız,1 Cenk Sokmensuer,2 Suayib Yalcin1 1Department of Medical Oncology, 2Department of Pathology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey Background: Met and HER-2 are proto-oncogenes encoding receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met and HER-2, respectively. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF is a ligand of c-Met. The frequency of c-Met, HGF, and HER-2 expressions in gastric cancer and their association with other clinicopathological factors have not been fully understood. Patients and methods: Patients with stage 1–4 disease were analyzed. Expressions of c-Met, HGF, and HER-2 were examined using immunohistochemistry. Results: A total of 143 patients, 97 males and 46 females, were included. C-Met scores were 3(+ in 31.5%, 2(+ in 27.3%, and 1(+ in 10.5% of the patients. There was no statistically significant difference in age, sex, tumor location, differentiation, Lauren classification, TNM staging, presence of distant metastasis, depth of tumor invasion (T, lymphovascular invasion, and survival between c-Met subgroups. Overall HGF positivity was 20.6%. HER-2 scores were 3(+ in 9.1%, 2(+ in 9.8%, and 1(+ in 16.1% of the patients. HER-2 overexpression was associated with better differentiation, intestinal subtype, and advanced stage. C-Met overexpressions were 84.6% in the HER-2-overexpression-positive group and 56.2% in the HER-2-overexpression-negative group. There were no statistically significant differences in survival between the high c-Met-expression-positive and -negative stage 3 and stage 4 patients and between the HGF-positive and -negative groups. The mean survival was 11.6±6.3 months in the HER-2-overexpression-positive stage 4 group and 11.9±6.8 months in the HER-2-overexpression-negative stage 4 group. There were no statistically significant differences in survival between the two groups. Conclusion: c-Met was not associated with any prognostic factors in gastric cancer. HER-2 was associated with better differentiation, intestinal

  2. Stromal CEA immunoreactivity is correlated with lymphatic invasion of human esophageal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kijima, H; Oshiba, G; Kenmochi, T; Kise, Y; Tanaka, H; Chino, O; Shimada, H; Ueyama, Y; Tanaka, M; Makuuchi, H

    2000-04-01

    Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a good marker of colorectal cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated that CEA may function as a metastatic potentiator by different pathways; i.e. modulation of immune responses, facilitation of intercellular adhesion and cellular migration. However, expression patterns of CEA have not yet been established in human esophageal carcinomas. In this study, we examined CEA expression in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its clinicopathological significance. CEA immunoreactivity was frequently detected in the cancer cells (cytoplasmic type; 81.1%, 43/53) as well as in the cancer stroma (stromal type; 32.1%, 17/53), regardless of the depth of tumor invasion. Lymphatic invasion of cancer cells was frequently found in the stromal CEA-positive esophageal cancer (44.4%, 16/36), compared to stromal CEA-negative cancer (5.9%, 1/17) (pCEA expression plays important roles in lymphatic invasion of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

  3. Limited stage small cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract: a clinicopathologic and prognostic analysis of 27 cases

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    Xiaoping Zou

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Small cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare and aggressive neuroendocrine tumor. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics and potential prognostic factors for patients with limited stage small cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract. The records of 27 patients with limited stage small cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract, who all received surgery with lymphadenectomy, were retrieved and analyzed retrospectively. The median age of patients was 60 years old (range 38-79. The primary locations of tumor were the esophagus (74.1% and stomach (14.8%. The rate of preoperative accurate diagnosis (16.7% was low for small cell carcinoma of the esophagus and stomach. 40.7% of all the patients had regional lymph node metastases. Five patients underwent surgery alone, and the other 22 were treated with surgery + postoperative chemotherapy. All patients had disease progression or recurrence. The overall median survival time was 10 months and the 1-year survival rate was 37.0%. Patients who received postoperative chemotherapy had a median survival time of 12 months, which was superior to the 5-month survival of for those who only had surgery (P<0.0001. TNM stage (P=0.02 and postoperative chemotherapy (P<0.0001 were considered as two prognostic factors in univariate analysis. Postoperative chemotherapy was a significant independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (P=0.01. The prognosis for patients with limited stage small cell carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract remains dismal, however, postoperative chemotherapy may have the potential to improve the outcome for these patients.

  4. HER-2/neu oncogene amplification and chromosome 17 aneusomy in endometrial carcinoma: correlation with oncoprotein expression and conventional pathological parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cianciulli, A M; Guadagni, F; Marzano, R; Benevolo, M; Merola, R; Giannarelli, D; Marandino, F; Vocaturo, G; Mariani, L; Mottolese, M

    2003-06-01

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between HER-2 gene amplification and HER-2 protein overexpression in endometrial carcinoma using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). We also analyzed chromosome 17 aneusomy and the association between these biological parameters and conventional clinicopathological variables. FISH analysis was performed on 73 selected paraffin-embedded sections from endometrial carcinomas which previously had HER-2 status determined immunohistochemically using monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) 300G9 and CB11. Using a ratio of more than two oncogene signals/centromere to indicate amplification, a total of 42 out of the 73 endometrial tumors included in this study resulted positive by FISH where as protein overexpression was identified in 29 out of 73 with a concordance rate of 74.3%. However, when the mean signals/centromere per nucleus increased (ratio > 4 2 4 < or = 5 when we grouped the amplified cases on the basis of HER-2:CEP17 ratio. In conclusion, molecular characteristics provide objective data that may be useful in predicting prognosis in patients with endometrial cancer.

  5. Metastatic well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma in the prepuce of a dog: a report of clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and therapeutic approach

    OpenAIRE

    Auler,P.A.; C.O. Gamba; R.S. Horta; G.E. Lavalle; G.D. Cassali

    2014-01-01

    This report describes a case of a well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the foreskin of a dog, with metastasis in the regional lymph node. A six-year-old male intact Pit Bull dog presented a preputial ulcerated lesion with an evolution time of one year and enlarged left inguinal lymph node. Surgical resection of the preputial lesion and inguinal lymph nodes was made. The diagnosis of a well differentiated SCC was made following histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistr...

  6. Nuclear localization and cytosolic overexpression of LASP-1 correlates with tumor size and nodal-positivity of human breast carcinoma

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    Dietl Johannes

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP-1, initially identified from human breast cancer, is a specific focal adhesion protein involved in cell proliferation and migration, which was reported to be overexpressed in 8–12 % of human breast cancers and thought to be exclusively located in cytoplasm. Methods In the present work we analyzed the cellular and histological expression pattern of LASP-1 and its involvement in biological behavior of human breast cancer through correlation with standard clinicopathological parameters and expression of c-erbB2 (HER-2/neu, estrogen- (ER and progesterone-receptors (PR. For this purpose immunohistochemical staining intensity and percentage of stained cells were semi-quantitatively rated to define a LASP-1 immunoreactive score (LASP-1-IRS. LASP-1-IRS was determined in 83 cases of invasive ductal breast carcinomas, 25 ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS and 18 fibroadenomas. Cellular LASP-1 distribution and expression pattern was visualized by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy and assessed through separate Western blots of nuclear and cytosol preparations of BT-20, MCF-7, MDA-MB231, and ZR-75/1 breast cancer cells. Results Statistical analysis revealed that the resulting LASP-1-IRS was significantly higher in invasive carcinomas compared to fibroadenomas (p = 0.0176. Strong cytoplasmatic expression of LASP-1 was detected in 55.4 % of the invasive carcinomas, which correlated significantly with nuclear LASP-1-positivity (p = 0.0014, increased tumor size (p = 0.0159 and rate of nodal-positivity (p = 0.0066. However, levels of LASP-1 expression did not correlate with average age at time point of diagnosis, histological tumor grading, c-erbB2-, ER- or PR-expression. Increased nuclear localization and cytosolic expression of LASP-1 was found in breast cancer with higher tumor stage as well as in rapidly proliferating epidermal basal cells. Confocal microscopy and separate Western blots of cytosolic and

  7. Renal clear cell carcinoma metastasis to salivary glands - a series of 9 cases: clinico-pathological study.

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    Majewska, H; Skálová, A; Radecka, K; Stodulski, D; Hyrcza, M; Stankiewicz, C; Biernat, W

    2016-03-01

    Metastatic tumors involving salivary glands arising from the non-head and neck area are very rare. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is known for its high propensity for metastasis to unusual localizations. RCC metastasis to the maxillofacial area is an uncommon event (16%), but metastasis to salivary glands is extremely rare. We report a series of 9 such cases retrieved from two institutions. The group included 6 females and 3 males. The age at diagnosis ranged from 60 to 97 years (mean 72.6 years). The tumors involved the parotid gland in 7 cases, and the submandibular and small salivary gland of the oral cavity in 1 case each. The size of tumors ranged from 0.4 to 5 cm. Total parotidectomy with selective neck dissection was performed in 4 cases, while superficial parotidectomy was performed in 1 case and simple resection in 3 cases. Histologically, all the tumors were clear cell renal cell carcinomas, and therefore the differential diagnosis mainly included clear cell variants of salivary gland carcinomas. The parotid gland was the initial manifestation of renal malignancy in 4 of the cases, while in the remaining 5 cases a history of RCC had been known. The salivary gland involvement developed from 11 months to 13 years after the time of diagnosis of the primary tumor. In 2 cases it was the first site of dissemination. Pathologists need to maintain a high index of suspicion for the possibility of metastasis when confronted with oncocytic or clear cell neoplasms developing in salivary glands. RCC, although rare, should be included in this differential diagnosis.

  8. Clinicopathological features for the young people with rectal carcinoma%青年人直肠癌的临床病理特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵胜; 薛斌

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinicopathological features for the young people with rectal carcinoma.Methods:The data of 279 cases treated from January 2002 to January,of which were divided into two groups as age at onset:juvenile group (≤40 years old) and senile group (> 40 years old),were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The ratio for the patients with distance less than 7cm away from the anal verge acounted to 73.5% (205/279),adenocarcinoma being the major histological type 79.6% (222/279),so as well and middle differentiated (33.3%,93/279 ;43.0%,120/279) and radical resection of rectal carcinoma,with the liver metastasis ratio was 10% (28/279).The ratio of juvenile rectal cancer patients was 15.1% (42/279),and the ratio of mucinous carcinomas and signet ring cell carcinoma,poor differentiation,Dukes D staging,lymphatic metastasis,liver metastasis,palliative resection and colostomy in juvenile group was sifnifantly higher than that in senile group,except for the ratio of distance less than 7 cm away from the anal verge.Conclusion:The main clinical features of juvenile patients with rectal carcinoma are poor differentiation,high malignant degree,being prone to lymph nodes metastasis,advanced stage at onset and lower radical resection ratio.%目的:探讨青年直肠癌患者的临床病理特征.方法:回顾性分析2002年1月-2012年1月10年收治、行手术治疗的279例直肠癌患者的临床病理特征并进行回顾性分析,以40岁为界限,分为青年组(年龄≤40岁)和非青年组(年龄>40岁).结果:肿瘤下缘距肛门距离≤7cm的比例占73.5%(205/279),病理类型以腺癌为主,占79.6%(222/279),细胞分化多呈高分化(33.3%,93/279)和中分化(43.0%,120/279),肝转移比率为10.0% (28/279),手术方式以根治术为主,占85.7% (239/279).青年组患者直肠癌比率为15.1% (42/279),青年组患者黏液腺癌+印戒细胞癌比例、细胞低分化比例、Dukes D分期比例、淋巴结转移

  9. 涎腺腺泡细胞癌的临床病理分析%A Clinico-pathological Study on Acinic Cell Carcinoma of Salivary Glands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽慧; 吴兰雁; 姚甜; 赵业; 郑亚鸽

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨涎腺腺泡细胞癌(AciCC)的临床病理特征及与生物学行为相关的病理因素。方法:收集1988-2011年,四川大学华西口腔医院的腺泡细胞癌病例68例,进行临床病理学分析和随访调查。结果:平均发病年龄为44.4岁,20岁以下4例(5.9%),男女比例为1∶1.13;就诊平均病程为45.2个月。肿瘤发生于腮腺为57例(83.8%)、腭部为4例(5.9%)、颊部为3例(4.4%)、颌下腺为2例(2.9%)。68例AciCC中,56例获随访信息,随访率为82.4%。复发率为26.5%,颈部淋巴结转移率为8.82%,5年生存率为98.21%。肿瘤间质中有大量淋巴样细胞浸润的患者,复发率较低(P<0.05)。结论:AciCC肿瘤间质中大量淋巴样细胞浸润,是提示患者预后较好的一个病理指标。%Objective:To discuss the clinico-pathological features of acinic cell carcinoma ( AciCC) and its relation with the biological behavior. Methods:68 cases of acinic cell carcinoma were collected from the files of West China Stomatol-ogy Hospital, Sichuan University. A clinicopathological features and followed up data were analyzed. Results: There were 32 males and 36 tamales with a ratio of 1∶1.13. The mean age of the patients was 44.4 years, 4 of 68 patients (5.9%) were under 20 years old at the time of excision of their primary tumor. The average duration of symptoms was 45.2 months. The majority of AciCC cases located in the parotid gland (57 cases, 83.8%), followed by palate gland (4 cases, 5.9%), buccal gland (3 cases, 4.4%) and submandibular gland (2 cases, 2.9%) respectively. Follow-up information was obtained from 56 cases (82.4%). The local recurrence rate was 26.5%, with a rate of metastasis to cervical lymph nodes in 8.82%. The five year survival rate was 98.21%. In histopathological features, cases those with a prominent lymphoid infiltration of the stro-ma had a more favorable prognosis, and with a lower recurrence rate (P<0

  10. Mucinous carcinoma of the breast. A clinicopathologic, histochemical, and immunocytochemical study with special reference to neuroendocrine differentiation.

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    Scopsi, L; Andreola, S; Pilotti, S; Bufalino, R; Baldini, M T; Testori, A; Rilke, F

    1994-07-01

    We studied the clinical, histologic, histochemical, and immunocytochemical characteristics of 61 mucinous tumors (38 pure, 23 mixed) retrieved from a consecutive series of 1,689 infiltrating carcinomas of the female breast. The only statistically significant predictors of favorable survival were histologic (pure) type coupled with the absence of axillary lymph node metastases. Other factors, including classification into A and B types according to Capella et al., and neuroendocrine status, as assessed by the presence of argyrophilia, granins, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and synaptophysin (SYN),-all had no influence on survival. Argyrophilic cells were found in 16 pure mucinous tumors (42%) and in the mucinous component of four mixed tumors (17%). Granin (chromogranin A or B), NSE, and SYN immunoreactivities were demonstrated in all the argyrophilic tumors. We also found NSE- and SYN-immunoreactive cells in 31 of 41 and 16 of 41 nonargyrophilic (granin-unreactive) mucinous tumors, which supports the view that mucinous carcinomas of the breast as a whole are neuroendocrine-programmed tumors.

  11. Meta-Analyses of Association Between BRAFV600E Mutation and Clinicopathological Features of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

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    Qing Zhang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: The function of BRAF V600E as a prognostic biomarker continues controversial by reason of conflicting results in the published articles. Methods: A systematical literature search for relevant articles was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, Medline and Embase updated to August 5, 2015. The Chi-square test and I2 were employed to examine statistical heterogeneity. Pooled ORs with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs were calculated to assess the relationship between clinicopathological features and BRAFV600E mutation. Subgroup analyses by ethnicity were also performed to explore the potential sources of heterogeneity. Furthermore, publication bias was detected using the funnel plot and all statistical analyses were conducted by the software of R 3.12. Results: Of 25,241 cases with PTC, 15,290 (60.6% were positive for BRAF mutation and 9,951 (39.4% were tested negative for BRAF mutation. Negative status of BRAFV600E mutation negative was significantly associated with gender (OR = 0.90, 95%CI = 0.83-0.97 and concomitant hashimoto thyroiditis (OR = 0.53, 95%CI = 0.43-0.64. By contrast, positive status of BRAFV600E mutation was a significant predictor of multifocality (OR = 1.23; 95%CI = 1.14-1.32, extrathyroidal extension (OR = 2.23; 95%CI = 1.90-2.63, TNM stage (OR = 1.67; 95%CI = 1.53-1.81, lymph node metastasis (OR = 1.67; 95%CI = 1.45-1.93, vascular invasion (OR = 1.47; 95%CI = 1.22-1.79 and recurrence/persistence (OR = 2.33; 95%CI = 1.71-3.18. However, there was no significant association between BRAFV600E mutation and factors including age > 45 (OR = 0.98; 95%CI = 0.89-1.07, tumor size (OR = 0.84; 95%CI = 0.64-1.09 and distant metastasis (OR = 1.23; 95%CI = 0.67-2.27. Conclusion: This meta-analysis confirmed significant associations between BRAFV600E mutation and female gender, multifocality, ETE, LNM, TNM stage, concomitant hashimoto thyroiditis, vascular invasion and recurrence

  12. Evaluation of c-Met, HGF, and HER-2 expressions in gastric carcinoma and their association with other clinicopathological factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldız, Yetkin; Sokmensuer, Cenk; Yalcin, Suayib

    2016-01-01

    Background Met and HER-2 are proto-oncogenes encoding receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met and HER-2, respectively. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a ligand of c-Met. The frequency of c-Met, HGF, and HER-2 expressions in gastric cancer and their association with other clinicopathological factors have not been fully understood. Patients and methods Patients with stage 1–4 disease were analyzed. Expressions of c-Met, HGF, and HER-2 were examined using immunohistochemistry. Results A total of 143 patients, 97 males and 46 females, were included. C-Met scores were 3(+) in 31.5%, 2(+) in 27.3%, and 1(+) in 10.5% of the patients. There was no statistically significant difference in age, sex, tumor location, differentiation, Lauren classification, TNM staging, presence of distant metastasis, depth of tumor invasion (T), lymphovascular invasion, and survival between c-Met subgroups. Overall HGF positivity was 20.6%. HER-2 scores were 3(+) in 9.1%, 2(+) in 9.8%, and 1(+) in 16.1% of the patients. HER-2 overexpression was associated with better differentiation, intestinal subtype, and advanced stage. C-Met overexpressions were 84.6% in the HER-2-overexpression-positive group and 56.2% in the HER-2-overexpression-negative group. There were no statistically significant differences in survival between the high c-Met-expression-positive and -negative stage 3 and stage 4 patients and between the HGF-positive and -negative groups. The mean survival was 11.6±6.3 months in the HER-2-overexpression-positive stage 4 group and 11.9±6.8 months in the HER-2-overexpression-negative stage 4 group. There were no statistically significant differences in survival between the two groups. Conclusion c-Met was not associated with any prognostic factors in gastric cancer. HER-2 was associated with better differentiation, intestinal subtype, advanced stage, and c-Met overexpression. PMID:27703380

  13. Colorectal carcinomas in Uyo City, Southern geopolitical zone of Nigeria: a review of clinicopathological characteristics and literature

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    Emmanuel K. Abudu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Colorectal carcinomas (CRC were initially thought to be rare in Africa including Nigeria, but recent studies have shown a reverse trend in our environment. This study is aimed to identify the clinical and pathological characteristics of CRC diagnosed between July 2006 and June 2015 in the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, and a Private Specialist Laboratory, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. All histological diagnosed cases of CRC seen in the two laboratories (University teaching and a private facility in Uyo, Akwa-Ibom state, Nigeria during the study period were retrieved noting their bio-data, pathological and clinical variables. A total of 45 patients of age range 26-80 years with a mean of 55.9 years (SD 3.9 and a male to female ratio of 1.4:1 were seen. The two most common age groups affected in CRCs were 61-70 years (28.9% and 51-60 years (24.4% respectively. Majority of CRC patients were older than 40 years (86.7% with identifiable predisposing factors being tubulo-villous adenoma (4 cases, 8.8%, villous adenoma (2 cases 4.4%, polyposis syndromes (2 cases, 4.4% and schistosomiasis (1 case, 2.2%. Features of large intestinal obstruction were the most common presenting symptom of CRC (53.3%. Rectal bleeding, alteration in bowel habit and fecal incontinence were other symptoms, accounting for 33.3%, 8.9% and 4.4% of cases respectively. Left-sided CRCs were commoner (68.9% with the majority appearing as annular-constricting type macroscopically (60.0%. Recto-sigmoid region was the preponderant site involved in CRC (29 cases, 64.5%. Adenocarcinoma (84.4% was the most frequent histological subtype. Mucinous carcinoma, signet ring carcinoma and carcinoid tumor were other histologic subtypes seen in 8.9, 4.4 and 2.2% of cases respectively. The 22.0% of CRC patients presented at advanced stages of the disease. It can be concluded that majority of CRC patients were older than 40 years (86.7% with features of intestinal obstruction (53.3% and

  14. Metastatic well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma in the prepuce of a dog: a report of clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and therapeutic approach

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    P.A. Auler

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This report describes a case of a well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC of the foreskin of a dog, with metastasis in the regional lymph node. A six-year-old male intact Pit Bull dog presented a preputial ulcerated lesion with an evolution time of one year and enlarged left inguinal lymph node. Surgical resection of the preputial lesion and inguinal lymph nodes was made. The diagnosis of a well differentiated SCC was made following histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry technique was used to confirm lymph node metastasis and to determine the histological features of the tumor. Here we demonstrated that immunohistochemistry can be an important complementary diagnostic tool to assess the prognostic features of SCC and to determine the treatment of choice. Also, the combination of COX-2 selective inhibitors in adjuvant therapy is presented as an effective alternative treatment for metastatic SCC in dogs.

  15. 气管上皮-肌上皮癌的临床病理学观察%Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the bronchus: a clinicopathological observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑金锋; 马淑芳; 景洪标; 耿明; 袁耒

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and differential diagnosis of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma ( EMC ) of the bronchial. Methods To studied a case of EMC of the bronchial by light microscopy, histochemistry, and immuno-histochemistry, and reviewed relevant literature to analyze the clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical features, treatment and prognosis of the EMC. Results The patient was a 25 years old man. The EMC is characterized histologically by a lobulated growth pattern, with mixed tubular and solid areas. The tumor demonstrated a double-layering glandular structures consisted of epithelial and myoepithelial cells. The inner layer was lined by adenoid cells and outer layer by myoepithelial cells. Immunohistochemical stainng showed that the adenoid cells were positive for CK and EMA, and myoepithelial cells were positive for SMA, p63 , HHF35, GFAP, vi-mentin and S-100 protein. Conclusions The primary EMC in the bronchial is a very rare tumor with imaging features. The diagnosis is based on immunohistochemical staining. It should be differentiated from other lesions of the bronchial, including plemorphic adenoma, oncocytoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and mucoepidermoid carcinoma. For the treatment of the EMC, surgical resection combined with other therapies has a good prognosis.%目的 观察气管上皮-肌上皮癌(epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma,EMC)的临床病理学、影像学特点,探讨其免疫组化特征及鉴别诊断.方法 采用组织学、免疫组化及组织化学技术对1例气管EMC进行光镜观察及免疫标记,并结合相关文献对其临床表现、影像学、组织形态和免疫组化特点等进行综合分析.结果 患者男性,25岁,肿瘤病理组织学表现为分叶状生长,管状和实性区混合存在.瘤细胞由上皮和肌上皮细胞组成,呈双层腺管样结构.免疫组化染色示:上皮细胞CK、EMA均(+),肌上皮细胞SMA、S-100、p63、HHF35、GFAP均(+),管

  16. Aspectos clínico-patológicos do carcinoma bronquioloalveolar e sobrevida em pacientes no estágio clínico I Clinicopathological aspects of and survival in patients with clinical stage I bronchioloalveolar carcinoma

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    Daniel Sammartino Brandão

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os aspectos clínico-patológicos do carcinoma bronquioloalveolar (CBA e a sobrevida em uma amostra de pacientes com estadiamento clínico I. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados retrospectivamente 26 pacientes com diagnóstico de CBA e estágio clínico I, , segundo a classificação tumor-node-metastasis (TNM, tumor-linfonodo-metástase,(15operados no Instituto de Doenças do Tórax da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, entre 1987 e 2007, quanto a variáveis clínico-patológicas e radiológicas, mortalidade e sobrevida. Os dados foram colhidos dos prontuários médicos dos pacientes e analisados estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: Houve predomínio de mulheres (n = 16. A idade média ao diagnóstico foi de 68,5 anos. Houve predomínio de tabagistas (69,2%. As formas de apresentação assintomática (84,6% e nodular (88,5% foram as mais comuns. Houve predileção pelos lobos superiores (57,7%. O estágio patológico IB foi o mais comum, seguido pelos estágios IA e IIB (46,2%, 38,4% e 15,4%, respectivamente. Não houve óbitos hospitalares. Quatro pacientes faleceram durante o seguimento pós-operatório, com tempo livre de doença médio de 21,3 meses. A taxa de sobrevida global em cinco anos foi 83%. A probabilidade de sobrevida para os pacientes diagnosticados depois de 1999 tendeu a ser maior do que para aqueles diagnosticados até 1999 (taxa de sobrevida em três anos: 92% vs. 68%; p = 0,07. CONCLUSÕES: Os aspectos clínico-patológicos da amostra estudada foram semelhantes àqueles de estudos anteriores em pacientes com CBA.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinicopathological aspects of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC and the survival in a sample of patients at clinical stage I. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 26 patients diagnosed with clinical stage I BAC and undergoing surgery at the Thoracic Diseases Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, in the city of Rio de Janeiro

  17. Recurrent prognostic factors and expression of GLUT-1, PI3K and p-Akt in adenoid cystic carcinomas of the head and neck: Clinicopathological features and biomarkers of adenoid cystic carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Jin; Bao, Yang-Yang; Zhou, Shui-Hong; Luo, Xing-Mei; Yao, Hong-Tian; He, Jian-Feng; Wang, Qin-Ying

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the factors associated with the recurrence of adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs). We examined the recurrence values of clinicopathological variables and GLUT-1, p-Akt and PI3K expression in 42 patients with ACC. Of the 42 patients, 17 developed recurrence following initial surgery. The positive rates of GLUT-1, PI3K and p-Akt protein expression in ACC were 38.1, 38.1 and 50.0%, respectively. The expression of GLUT-1, p-Akt or PI3K protein in ACC was higher than that in inflammatory lesions or benign tumors. Our study demonstrated that T stage, a positive resection margin, perineural invasion, surgery without postoperative radiotherapy and the expression of GLUT-1, PI3K and p-Akt were factors predictive of recurrence by univariate analyses. In multivariate analyses, perineural invasion, a positive resection margin and p-Akt were significant predictors of recurrence. Initial surgery is very significant in the recurrence of ACC. Overexpression of GLUT-1, PI3K and p-Akt may also play a role in its development and recurrence.

  18. Gastric carcinoma at Tanta Cancer Center: A comparative retrospective clinico-pathological study of the elderly versus the non-elderly

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    Ahmed A. Zeeneldin

    2014-09-01

    Conclusions: Compared to the non-elderly, GC in the elderly has similar clinico-pathological characteristics and exhibits comparable outcomes with the same treatment options. Treatments should be tailored to each patient.

  19. Correlation between clinicopathology and expression of heat shock protein 70 and glucose-regulated protein 94 in human colonic adenocarcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Ping Wang; Fan-Rong Qiu; Guo-Zhen Liu; Rui-Fen Chen

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the correlation between dinicopathology and expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and glucose-regulated protein 94 (grp94) in human colonic carcinoma.METHODS: The expression of HSP70 and grp94 was studied in 80 human colonic cancers with or without metastasis as well as in their adjacent mucous membrane by way of immunohistochemistry and pathology photograph analysis.RESULTS: The expression of HSP70 and grp94 was significantly higher in cancer than that in adjacent mucous membrane (92.5%, 85.0% vs 56.3%, 42.5%, P<0.01).HSP70 and grp94 expressed higher in moderately- and poorly-differentiated colonic cancers than that in their adjacent tissues (93.7%, 87.5%; 100%, 90% vs 56.3%,42.5%; P<0.01). Dukes C and D stages of colonic cancers showed higher positive rates than Dukes A and B stage groups (97.1%, 91.2%; 100%, 90.9%; vs 80%, 70%;78.6%, 71.4%; P<0.05). There were definite differences in HSP70 and grp94 expression between metastasis groups and non-metastasis groups (100% vs75%, 100%vs 50%, P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The HSP70 and grp94 expression rates in colonic cancer groups are significantly higher than that in their adjacent mucous membrane. The HSP70 and grp94expression in poorly-differentiated colonic cancers with metastasis is significantly higher than well-differentiated cancers without metastasis. The overexpression of HSP70and grp94 can be used as diagnostic or prognostic markers for colonic cancer.

  20. Immunohistochemical Glomerular Expression of Phospholipase A2 Receptor in Primary and Secondary Membranous Nephropathy: A Retrospective Study in an Indian Cohort with Clinicopathological Correlations

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    Sanjeet Roy

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Limited published literature exists on the utility and standardization of anti-phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R immunohistochemistry (IHC for the diagnosis of primary membranous nephropathy (MN. The study aimed to validate anti-PLA2R IHC for the diagnosis of primary MN and clinicopathological correlations in an Indian cohort. Methods: Subjects included patients with primary and secondary MN diagnosed between January 2012 and August 2014 with an adequate renal biopsy and at least 1 year of clinical follow-up. Anti-PLA2R IHC was performed in all cases with miscellaneous renal lesions as controls. Electron microscopy was performed in selected cases. Sensitivity and specificity of anti-PLA2R IHC to identify primary MN was evaluated. Histopathological analyses of primary and secondary MN were done with clinicopathological correlations including serum creatinine, eGFR, chronic kidney disease stage, 24-h urine protein, serum cholesterol, serum albumin, and hypertension at presentation and follow-up, using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman rank correlation. A p value of ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: In 153 MN patients (99 primary, 54 secondary and 37 miscellaneous controls, anti-PLA2R IHC differentiated primary from secondary MN with a sensitivity of 70.2% and a specificity of 96.6%. Secondary MN had increased mesangial matrix expansion compared to primary MN (p = 0.001. Severe nephrotic syndrome, impaired renal function, and hypertension were all more common in primary than in secondary MN. Conclusion: Anti-PLA2R IHC is a specific marker to distinguish primary MN from secondary MN.

  1. Clinicopathologic study of intracystic papillary carcinoma of the breast%乳腺囊内乳头状癌的临床病理学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文涛; 喻林; 陆洪芬; 张廷璆

    2008-01-01

    Objective To elucidate the clinicopathologic features,immunophenotype and differential diagnosis of intracystic papillary carcinoma(IPC).Methods The clinical and pathological characteristics of 14 cases of breast IPC were studied.Immunohistochemical study of SMA,MSA,ER,PR,p63,AE1/AE3,34βE12 and CK5/6 was performed using Envision method.Results The age of IPC patients ranged from 42 to 79.with a mean age of 65.4 years.A palpable mass was the most common symptom.There were two morphological features:(1)Slender papillae lined by tall columnar epithelial cells which were present directly on the fibrovascular cores without an intervening myoepithelial cell layer (9 cases).(2)The proliferation may assume a cribriform architecture with rigid,punched-out regular spaces or a solid glandular pattern,studded with fibrovascular cores(5 cases).Low nuclear grade is typically seen.Among the 14 cases of IPC,11 were of pure type.Ductal carcinoma in situ(DCIS)in adjacent ducts Was found in one case,and invasive carcinoma was found in two cases.Immunohistochemical results showed that the tumor cells were homogenously strongly positive for ER and PR,but were negative or focally and weakly positive for CK5/6 and 34βE12.Myoepithelial cell staining was negative within the tumor;and was diminished or scattered at the periphery of the tumor.Conclusions IPC is a rare entity that usually arises in older women.It is specific enough in its clinical presentation and morphologie appearance to warrant distinction from other breast lesions.%目的 探讨乳腺囊内乳头状癌的临床病理特征及其鉴别诊断.方法 观察14例囊内乳头状癌的临床病理特点,并采用平滑肌肌动蛋白(SMA)、肌特异性肌动蛋白(MSA)、ER、PR、p63、广谱和高相对分子质量CK(AE1/AE3和34βE12)和CK5/6进行EnVision法染色.结果 14例发病年龄42~79岁,平均65.4岁.乳腺肿块是最常见的症状.镜下见两种形态,以较纤细的乳头状结构为主,乳头纤维血

  2. The correlation of the World Health Organization histologic classification of thymic epithelial tumors and its prognosis: a clinicopathologic study of 108 patients from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honglin Yin; Jun Du; Zhenfeng Lu; Xia Jiao; Jiandong Wang; Xiaojun Zhou

    2009-06-01

    This study retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological features of thymic epithelial tumors in 108 patients, and evaluated World Health Organization (WHO) histologic classification of thymic tumors. Other prognostic factors, including age, gender, clinical stage, and completeness of tumor resection were also analyzed. Seven type A tumors, 19 type AB, 23 type B1, 19 type B2, 27 type B3, and 13 thymic carcinomas were studied. The 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 100% after resection of tumor types A and AB; 93% and 81% for B1; 83% and 70% for B2; and 43% and 33% for B3. The overall 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 72.0% and 63.0%, respectively. Tumor classification was highly significant in predicting survival (P .001) and also reflected the clinical behavior of tumors. The Masaoka stage was the most important independent prognostic index in thymomas. The WHO histologic subtype and completeness of resection were also important prognostic factors.

  3. Prognostic significance of Bcl-2 in invasive mammary carcinomas: a comparative clinicopathologic study between "triple-negative" and non-"triple-negative" tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tawfik, Kareem; Kimler, Bruce F; Davis, Marilyn K; Fan, Fang; Tawfik, Ossama

    2012-01-01

    Bcl-2 is a tumorigenic protein that is expressed in 25% to 50% of breast cancers. Although its expression has been widely accepted as a favorable prognostic marker, its protective mechanism of action remains unclear. "Triple-negative" tumors are an aggressive subgroup known to carry a poor prognosis. Studies documenting prognostic significance of Bcl-2 expression in triple-negative in comparison to non-triple-negative breast cancers are limited. Bcl-2 expression was correlated with tumor size, grade, histologic type, lymphovascular invasion, lymph node status, patients' overall survival, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, Her-2, p53, and epidermal growth factor receptor in 124 triple-negative and 458 non-triple-negative tumors. There were significant differences between triple-negative and non-triple-negative tumors in their relationship to Bcl-2 expression (81% versus 29%, respectively) and tumor aggression. As previously reported, in non-triple-negative tumors, Bcl-2 positivity correlated with less aggressive tumors (94% of grade I tumors were Bcl-2+ versus 62% of grade III tumors, P < .011) and overall survival (P = .008). However, the opposite was true in patients with triple-negative tumors, where Bcl-2 positivity was associated with poorer survival (P = .64). In triple-negative tumors, Bcl-2 positivity was not associated with any of the aforementioned parameters except for a lower incidence of lymph node metastasis. Moreover, by Cox regression analysis of all variables, in patients with triple-negative tumors, lymphovascular invasion (P = .009) and Bcl-2 expression (P = .028) were predictors of poor survival. In conclusion, there are major clinicopathologic differences between breast cancer phenotypes. Our results establish the value of using Bcl-2 in prognostic stratification of patients and its potential therapeutic implications in selecting patients for treatment.

  4. Evaluation of cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors expression in mobile tongue squamous cell carcinoma: associations with clinicopathological parameters and patients' survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theocharis, Stamatios; Giaginis, Constantinos; Alexandrou, Paraskevi; Rodriguez, Jose; Tasoulas, Jason; Danas, Eugene; Patsouris, Efstratios; Klijanienko, Jerzy

    2016-03-01

    Cannabinoid receptors (CB1R and CB2R) constitute essential members of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) which participates in many different functions indispensable to homeostatic regulation in several tissues, exerting also antitumorigenic effects. The present study aimed to assess the clinical significance of CB1R and CB2R protein expression in mobile tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). CB1R and CB2R expression was assessed immunohistochemically on 28 mobile tongue SCC tissue samples and was analyzed in relation with clinicopathological characteristics and overall and disease-free patients' survival. CB1R, CB2R, and concomitant CB1R/CB2R expression was significantly increased in older compared to younger mobile tongue SCC patients (p = 0.0243, p = 0.0079, and p = 0.0366, respectively). Enhanced CB2R and concomitant CB1R/CB2R expression was significantly more frequently observed in female compared to male mobile tongue SCC patients (p = 0.0025 and p = 0.0016, respectively). Elevated CB2R expression was significantly more frequently observed in mobile tongue SCC patients presenting well-defined tumor shape compared to those with diffuse (p = 0.0430). Mobile tongue SCC patients presenting enhanced CB1R, CB2R, or concomitant CB1R/CB2R expression showed significantly longer overall (log-rank test, p = 0.004, p = 0.011, p = 0.018, respectively) and disease-free (log-rank test, p = 0.003, p = 0.007, p = 0.027, respectively) survival times compared to those with low expression. In multivariate analysis, CB1R was identified as an independent prognostic factor for disease-free patients' survival (Cox-regression analysis, p = 0.032). The present study provides evidence that CB1R and CB2R may play a role in the pathophysiological aspects of the mobile tongue SCC and even each molecule may constitute a potential target for the development of novel anti-cancer drugs for this type of malignancy.

  5. Correlation between Thymidylate Synthase Genotype and Susceptibility to Gastric Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Yang; Mingbing Xiao; Runzhou Ni; Qinghe Tan; Jinzhi Wei; Jianhong Wang; Bojian Ge

    2008-01-01

    OBTECTIVE TO investigate the COrrelation betweenpolymorphism of the 5'-untranslated region(5'-UTR)ofthymidylate synthase genes,as well as the lifestyle,and thesusceptibility of gastric carcinoma.METHoDS A case-control study,with 60 cases of gastriccarcinoma and 170 cases of general risk population-based controlsfrom Nantong,Jiangsu province,China,was conducted.Theepidemiological data,such as living habits of the cancer patients,were collected.DNA of peripheral blood leukocytes was obtainedfrom all of the subjects.The TS 5-UTR tandem repeat genotypewas detected using polymerase chain reaction(PCR).RESULTS There were three TS 5'-UTR genotypes in the groupof gastric cancer cases(2R/2R,2R/3R and 3R/3R)and six TS5'-UTR genotypes in the group of the controls(2R/2R,2R/3R,3R/3R,2R/4R,2R/5R and 3R/4R).The genotypic frequencies wererespectively 5.0%,43.3%and 51.7%in the gastric cancer group.Compared with the parameters in the control group,i,e., 4.7%,31.7%,60.6%,1.2%,1.2%and 0.6%.There were no significantdifferences between the two groups.Compared with the 3R/3R-genotvpe individuals who Where non.smokers,drank alcoholtwice or less each week,drank tea and did not intake pickled food(PF),the risk of gastric cancer significantly went up in the 2R/2Ror 2R/3R-genotype people who had habits of smoking,drinkingalcohol more than twice each week,no tea drinking but withfrequent intake of PF.The adjusted ORs were as follows,3.79 (95%CI:2.45-8.64),3.41(95%CI:1.21-8.47),5.99(95%CI:3.01-14_7),and 3.61(95%CI:1.81-8.78).CoNCLUSIoN There iS an obvious correlation between thepolymorphisms of TS 5'-UTR genotypes and the lifestyle ofindividuals in the development of gastric carcinoma.smoking,alcohol drinking,tea drinking,pickled food.Hospital and Springer

  6. Expression of lactate dehydrogenase C correlates with poor prognosis in renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Yibo; Liang, Chao; Zhu, Jundong; Miao, Chenkui; Yu, Yajie; Xu, Aimin; Zhang, Jianzhong; Li, Pu; Li, Shuang; Bao, Meiling; Yang, Jie; Qin, Chao; Wang, Zengjun

    2017-03-01

    Lactate dehydrogenase C is an isoenzyme of lactate dehydrogenase and a member of the cancer-testis antigens family. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and functional role of lactate dehydrogenase C and its basic mechanisms in renal cell carcinoma. First, a total of 133 cases of renal cell carcinoma samples were analysed in a tissue microarray, and Kaplan-Meier survival curve analyses were performed to investigate the correlation between lactate dehydrogenase C expression and renal cell carcinoma progression. Lactate dehydrogenase C protein levels and messenger RNA levels were significantly upregulated in renal cell carcinoma tissues, and the patients with positive lactate dehydrogenase C expression had a shorter progression-free survival, indicating the oncogenic role of lactate dehydrogenase C in renal cell carcinoma. In addition, further cytological experiments demonstrated that lactate dehydrogenase C could prompt renal cell carcinoma cells to produce lactate, and increase metastatic and invasive potential of renal cell carcinoma cells. Furthermore, lactate dehydrogenase C could induce the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process and matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression. In summary, these findings showed lactate dehydrogenase C was associated with poor prognosis in renal cell carcinoma and played a pivotal role in the migration and invasion of renal cell carcinoma cells. Lactate dehydrogenase C may act as a novel biomarker for renal cell carcinoma progression and a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma.

  7. Differential expression of Yes-associated protein is correlated with expression of cell cycle markers and pathologic TNM staging in non-small-cell lung carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin Man; Kang, Dong Wook; Long, Liang Zhe; Huang, Song-Mei; Yeo, Min-Kyung; Yi, Eunhee S; Kim, Kyung-Hee

    2011-03-01

    Yes-associated protein, a downstream effector of the Hippo signaling pathway, has been linked to progression of non-small-cell lung carcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate expression of Yes-associated protein in lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Associations of Yes-associated protein expression with clinicopathologic parameters, expression of cell cycle-specific markers, and epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification were also analyzed. In a univariate analysis of the 66 adenocarcinomas, high nuclear expression of Yes-associated protein was significantly correlated with expression of cyclin A and mitogen-activated protein kinase. Multivariate analysis, including age and sex, showed that cyclin A expression was independently correlated with nuclear expression of Yes-associated protein in adenocarcinomas. Furthermore, high nuclear expression of Yes-associated protein was also a significant predictor of epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification for adenocarcinoma. For the 102 squamous cell carcinomas, univariate analysis revealed that high cytoplasmic expression of Yes-associated protein was correlated with the low pathologic TNM staging (stage I) and histologic grading. Multivariate analysis, including age and sex, showed that cytoplasmic expression of Yes-associated protein was an independent predictor of low pathologic TNM staging. These results indicate that nuclear overexpression of Yes-associated protein contributes to pulmonary adenocarcinoma growth and that high cytoplasmic expression of Yes-associated protein is an independent predictor of low pathologic TNM staging and histologic grading. The differential effects of Yes-associated protein expression patterns in adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas suggest that Yes-associated protein may play important roles in different pathways in distinct tumor subtypes. These observations may, therefore, lead to new perspectives on therapeutic targeting of these tumor

  8. Clinicopathological study of exfoliative dermatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudho R

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A clinicopathological study of exfoliative dermatitis involving 25 fresh cases was carried out. Males were predominantly affected with a peak incidence between 21-30 years. Pruritus, shivering, erythema and scaling were the common clinical manifestations. Psoriasis and eczema were the most common aetiological factors and the histopathological findings were correlating with the same.

  9. Reactivity of a monoclonal antibody with tissues and tumors from the human breast. Immunohistochemical localization of a new antigen and clinicopathologic correlations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariani-Costantini, R; Barbanti, P; Colnaghi, M I; Ménard, S; Clemente, C; Rilke, F

    1984-04-01

    The reactions of a monoclonal antibody to the MCF7 breast cancer cell line were immunohistochemically studied on a variety of breast tumors, primary and metastatic, on mammary epithelium and on nonneoplastic breast lesions. A high proportion of positive reactions was observed in ductal, lobular, and tubular carcinomas as well as in mammary Paget's disease. Mucinous, medullary, and papillary carcinomas showed a low incidence of reactivity. Carcinomas with metaplasia, carcinoids, and nonepithelial breast tumors were unreactive with the antibody. Positive immunostaining was documented also in nodal and extranodal metastatic lesions. The staining of nodal metastases was correlated with the positive reaction of the primary tumor. Reactivity was widely distributed in normal breast epithelial cells and in benign breast lesions. Staining of nonneoplastic mammary epithelial was associated with reactivity of adjacent neoplastic tissues. Staining differences between nonneoplastic and neoplastic mammary tissues were related to the intensity and cytologic distribution of the labeling. Heterogeneous reactivity of morphologically similar cells was documented in nonneoplastic and neoplastic breast epithelial cells as well as in nodal and extranodal breast carcinoma metastases. Immunohistologically detectable antigen was not correlated with prognostic factors such as histologic grade or nodal status. A retrospective study of T1NO cases failed to substantiate any prognostic value for the reactivity of primary breast tumors with this monoclonal antibody.

  10. Unusual Presentation of Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Mandible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugasundaram, Karpagavalli; Subramanian, Sathasiva; Kumar, Vimal

    2016-01-01

    Carcinoma arising primarily from the jaw is a locally aggressive lesion with poor prognosis. Primary intraosseous carcinoma (PIOC) lesion develops either de novo remnants of odontogenic epithelium, odontogenic cyst/tumor, epithelium remnants, or/and salivary gland residues. We describe very interesting case of primary intraosseous carcinoma of mandible. This extensive lesion was sent for oncological opinion and further management. Due to the uncertainty of diagnostic criteria of PIOC, only few cases of this lesion with a typical presentation have been reported. This article presents a case of primary intraosseous carcinoma with a unique appearance and detailed review stating its clinicopathological correlation. PMID:28078158

  11. High expression of transcriptional coactivator p300 correlates with aggressive features and poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao Yun

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It has been suggested that p300 participates in the regulation of a wide range of cell biological processes and mutation of p300 has been identified in certain types of human cancers. However, the expression dynamics of p300 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC and its clinical/prognostic significance are unclear. Methods In this study, the methods of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC were utilized to investigate protein/mRNA expression of p300 in HCCs. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve analysis, spearman's rank correlation, Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the data. Results Up-regulated expression of p300 mRNA and protein was observed in the majority of HCCs by RT-PCR and Western blotting, when compared with their adjacent non-malignant liver tissues. According to the ROC curves, the cutoff score for p300 high expression was defined when more than 60% of the tumor cells were positively stained. High expression of p300 was examined in 60/123 (48.8% of HCCs and in 8/123 (6.5% of adjacent non-malignant liver tissues. High expression of p300 was correlated with higher AFP level, larger tumor size, multiplicity, poorer differentiation and later stage (P P = 0.001. In different subsets of HCC patients, p300 expression was also a prognostic indicator in patients with stage II (P = 0.007 and stage III (P = 0.011. Importantly, p300 expression was evaluated as an independent prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (P = 0.021. Consequently, a new clinicopathologic prognostic model with three poor prognostic factors (p300 expression, AFP level and vascular invasion was constructed. The model could significantly stratify risk (low, intermediate and high for overall survival (P Conclusions Our findings provide a basis for the concept that high expression of p300 in HCC may be important in the acquisition of

  12. Renal-cell carcinomas in end-stage kidneys: a clinicopathological study with emphasis on clear-cell papillary renal-cell carcinoma and acquired cystic kidney disease-associated carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatnagar, Ramneesh; Alexiev, Borislav A

    2012-02-01

    Clear-cell papillary renal-cell carcinoma (CCPC) and acquired cystic kidney disease-associated carcinoma (ACDAC) are neoplasms with distinct morphological characteristics that behave less aggressively than conventional renal-cell carcinomas. End-stage kidney specimens from 61 patients (47 males and 14 females) with 109 renal-cell carcinomas were selected. Papillary renal-cell carcinoma was the most common malignancy (61/109, 56%), followed by CCPC (20/109, 18%). The CCPC showed a papillary or tubular/solid architecture, clear cytoplasm, low nuclear grade, and a distinct immunohistochemical profile (RCC-, vimentin+, CK7+, p504S-). ACDAC displayed a variety of architectural patterns, eosinophilic cytoplasm, high nuclear grade, intratumoral calcium oxalate deposits, and an immunohistochemical profile similar to type 2 papillary renal-cell carcinoma (RCC+, vimentin+, CK7-/+, p504S+). Less than 5% (3/69) of pathologically staged renal-cell carcinomas in end-stage kidneys presented with lymphogenous and/or hematogenous metastases.

  13. Clinicopathological significance of SIRT1 and p300/CBP expression in gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer and the correlation with E-cadherin and MLH1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li-Hua; Huang, Qin; Fan, Xiang-Shan; Wu, Hong-Yan; Yang, Jun; Feng, An-Ning

    2013-10-01

    SIRT1 and p300/CBP, which are considered to be essential histone deacetylases and acetyltransferases, are also considered to be relative to tumorigenesis because they modulate the expression of several tumor suppressor genes. Therefore, this study investigated the expression of SIRT1 and p300/CBP in gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer and their correlation with E-cadherin and MLH1 in order to explore the clinicopathological significance of SIRT1 and p300/CBP expression and their possible effects involving E-cadherin and MLH1 expression. Tissue microarray technique and immunohistochemical stains were applied to evaluate the SIRT1, p300/CBP, E-cadherin, and MLH1 expression in 176 GEJ cancer tissues and 32 normal GEJ region tissues. The results showed that the over-expression of SIRT1 was associated with a higher number of metastasis lymph nodes, more advanced staging, and shorter mean survival time. SIRT1 and p300/CBP were negatively and positively correlated with the expression of E-cadherin and MLH1, respectively, in the cancer cases. These results indicated a possible effect of SIRT1 and p300/CBP involved in regulating the expression of E-cadherin and MLH1, thus participating in the tumor progression of GEJ cancer.

  14. A study of Smad4, Smad6 and Smad7 in Surgically Resected Samples of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma and Their Correlation with Clinicopathological Parameters and Patient Survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Puneet

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Smad4 is the common mediator of the tumor suppressive functions of TGF-beta. Smad6 and Smad7 are the antagonists of the TGF-beta pathway. This study investigates the differential protein expressions of Smad4, Smad6 and Smad7 in tumor as compared to normal tissue of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC and compares them with clinicopathological parameters and patient survival. Results There was a significant difference in protein expressions of Smad4 (p = 0.0001, Smad6 (p = 0.0015 and Smad7 (p = 0.0005 protein in tumor as compared to paired normal samples. Loss of Smad7 expression correlated significantly with tumor size (r = 0.421, p Conclusion Loss of Smad4 significantly correlated with poor survival of PDAC patients. In the cases where Smad4 is expressed, Smad6 inhibition is possibly a novel mechanism for Smad4 inactivation. Smad7 has a role in pathobiology of PDAC. Further investigation in the roles of Smad6 and Smad7 would help in the identification of novel therapeutic targets for PDAC.

  15. CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF PTEN AND CASPASE-3 EXPRESSIONS IN BREAST CANCER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue-fei Yang; Yan Xin; Li-li Mao

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expressions of PTEN and Caspase-3 proteins in human breast carcinoma, and to evaluate their clinicopathological implications during the tumorigenesis and progression of breast cancer.Methods The expressions of PTEN and Caspase-3 proteins in 95 cases of breast cancer and 15 cases of benignbreast diseases were investigated immunohistochemically. Correlations between the expression of PTEN protein,Caspase-3 protein, and clinicopathological features of breast cancers were analyzed.Results The loss expression rate of PTEN protein in tumor tissues was significantly higher than that in benignbreast diseases (33.7% vs. 0, P 0. 05). In addition,the expression of PTEN protein had significantly positive correlation with the expression of Caspase-3 protein in breast cancer (P <0.01 ).Conclusion The combination detection of PTEN and Caspase-3 may serve as an important index to estimate the pathobiological behavior and pognosis of breast cancer.

  16. Molecular Genetic Alterations in Renal Cell Carcinomas With Tubulocystic Pattern: Tubulocystic Renal Cell Carcinoma, Tubulocystic Renal Cell Carcinoma With Heterogenous Component and Familial Leiomyomatosis-associated Renal Cell Carcinoma. Clinicopathologic and Molecular Genetic Analysis of 15 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulamec, Monika; Skenderi, Faruk; Zhou, Ming; Krušlin, Božo; Martínek, Petr; Grossmann, Petr; Peckova, Kvetoslava; Alvarado-Cabrero, Isabel; Kalusova, Kristyna; Kokoskova, Bohuslava; Rotterova, Pavla; Hora, Milan; Daum, Ondrej; Dubova, Magdalena; Bauleth, Kevin; Slouka, David; Sperga, Maris; Davidson, Whitney; Rychly, Boris; Perez Montiel, Delia; Michal, Michal; Hes, Ondrej

    2016-08-01

    The characteristic morphologic spectrum of tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (TC-RCC) may include areas resembling papillary RCC (PRCC). Our study includes 15 RCCs with tubulocystic pattern: 6 TC-RCCs, 1 RCC-high grade with tubulocystic architecture, 5 TC-RCCs with foci of PRCC, 2 with high-grade RCC (HGRCC) not otherwise specified, and 1 with a clear cell papillary RCC/renal angiomyoadenomatous tumor-like component. We analyzed aberrations of chromosomes 7, 17, and Y; mutations of VHL and FH genes; and loss of heterozygosity at chromosome 3p. Genetic analysis was performed separately in areas of classic TC-RCC and in those with other histologic patterns. The TC-RCC component demonstrated disomy of chromosome 7 in 9/15 cases, polysomy of chromosome 17 in 7/15 cases, and loss of Y in 1 case. In the PRCC component, 2/3 analyzable cases showed disomy of chromosome 7 and polysomy of chromosome 17 with normal Y. One case with focal HGRCC exhibited only disomy 7, whereas the case with clear cell papillary RCC/renal angiomyoadenomatous tumor-like pattern showed polysomies of 7 and 17, mutation of VHL, and loss of heterozygosity 3p. FH gene mutation was identified in a single case with an aggressive clinical course and predominant TC-RCC pattern. The following conclusions were drawn: (1) TC-RCC demonstrates variable status of chromosomes 7, 17, and Y even in cases with typical/uniform morphology. (2) The biological nature of PRCC/HGRCC-like areas within TC-RCC remains unclear. Our data suggest that heterogenous TC-RCCs may be associated with an adverse clinical outcome. (3) Hereditary leiomyomatosis-associated RCC can be morphologically indistinguishable from "high-grade" TC-RCC; therefore, in TC-RCC with high-grade features FH gene status should be tested.

  17. MMP-3和 MMP-7在上皮性卵巢癌中的表达及临床病理意义%Expression and clinicopathological significance of MMP-3、MMP-7 in epithelialovarian carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘文婧; 刘巍; 谭文华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of MMP-3 and MMP-7 in epithelial ovarian carcinoma and their clinicopathological significance .Mtehods Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of MMP-3 and MMP-7 in 5 0 cases of epithelial ovarian carcinoma and 1 0 cases of normal ovarian tissue .Results The expression rates of MMP-3 and MMP-7 in 5 0 cases of epithelial ovarian carcinoma are significantly higher than in 1 0 cases of normal ovarian (χ2 =1 7.2 9 , P <0.0 5;χ2 =1 1.2 6 , P <0.0 5 ) .The expressions of MMP-3 and MMP-7 were in positive correlation with clinical stage (χ2=1 1.5 9 , P <0.0 0 5;χ2 =4.5 6 , P <0.0 5 ) , pathological garade (χ2 =1 6.6 2 , P <0.0 0 5;χ2=4.4 3 , P <0.0 5 ) and lymphatic-metastasis (χ2 =4.9 , P <0.0 5;χ2 =5.4 , P <0.0 5 ) , while no correlation with histological type .Conclusion The MMP-3 and MMP-7 are over-ex-pressed in ovarian carcinoma , and the expression of MMP-3 and MMP-7 relate to clinical stages , patho-logical grades and lymphatic-metastasis .The over-expression of MMP-3 and MMP-7 may play important roles in the process of carcinogenesis and progression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma .%目的:探讨基质金属蛋白酶-3(MMP-3)与基质金属蛋白酶-7(MMP-7)在上皮性卵巢癌中的表达及与卵巢癌临床病理特征之间的关系。方法采用免疫组化法对50例上皮性卵巢癌组织、10例正常卵巢组织标本中 MMP-3和 MMP-7的表达情况进行检测。结果MMP-3与 MMP-7在上皮性卵巢癌组织中的表达率明显比正常卵巢组织高,差异有统计学意义(χ2=17.29,P <0.05;χ2=11.26,P <0.05)。 MMP-3、MMP-7的阳性表达与卵巢癌的临床分期(χ2=11.59,P <0.05;χ2=4.56,P <0.05)、病理分级(χ2=16.62,P <0.05;χ2=4.43, P <0.05)显著正相关;有淋巴结转移者 MMP-3和 MMP-7的表达高于无淋巴结转移者,差异有统计学意义(χ2=4.9,P <0.05;χ2=5.4,P <0

  18. Clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma%转移性肾细胞癌14例临床病理学特征及鉴别诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳君秋; 张扬鸽龄; 郭芳; 冯曦; 樊利芳; 漆楚波

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨转移性肾细胞癌(renal cell carcinoma,RCC)的临床病理学特征、诊断及鉴别诊断.方法 回顾性分析14例发生癌转移的RCC患者的临床资料、组织病理学特征以及免疫表型.结果 发生癌转移的患者绝大多数为男性,最常见转移类型是透明细胞性RCC,转移性Ⅱ型乳头状RCC及肉瘤样RCC各1例.最常转移的部位为肺,其次是腹膜后,其余病例转移至少见部位.镜下观察转移灶肿瘤仍具有其对应类型RCC独特的形态特征.免疫表型:几乎所有病例PCK、vimentin及CD10阳性,少数病例表达CK7.结论 RCC的转移有其相对独特的组织学表现,仔细观察转移灶的形态特征,重视临床病史的采集及合理应用PCK、vimentin及CD10联合标记,有助于正确诊断及提示原发部位.%Purpose To analyze the clinicopathological features, the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Methods The clinical data, histopathological features and immunohistochemical phenotypes were investigated in 14 cases of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Results Majority of the patients were male. The most common metastatic type was clear cell renal cell carcinoma, and only one case of metastatic type II papillary carcinoma and one sarcomatoid carcinoma. The most common site of metastasis was the lung, followed by retroperitoneal location, and remaining metastasis was in rare parts. Light microscopy showed metastatic cancer remained various unique morphological characteristics of corresponding renal cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining showed positive PCK, vimentin and CD10 signals in almost all cases, and CK7 was expressed in a small number of cases. Conclusions Metastatic renal cell carcinoma has relatively unique histological features. Careful observation of the morphological characteristics of the metastases, emphasis on the collection of clinical history and reasonable application of PCK, vimentin and CD10, all

  19. CORRELATION ANALYSIS BETWEEN STK15 GENE AND LARYNGEAL CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵旭; 李福才; 李英惠; 徐振明; 孙开来

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between STK15 gene abnormal expression and laryngeal carcinoma. Methods: Tumor tissues and matched normal tissues were taken from 55 LSCC patients. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect STK15 expression in 110 specimens. Results: In 38 of the 55 cases (69.1%), the STK15 expression at the mRNA levels was higher than that of the paired normal tissue. The ratio of ADV (average density value) of STK15 gene to ADV of β-actin gene was 1.22±0.49 in the cancer tissue, and 0.99±0.54 in the paired normal tissue with a significant difference (t=4.539, P<0.01). Conclusion: There was obvious association between the STK15 overexpression and laryngeal carcinoma. It may serve as an alternative mechanism of activating the pathogenesis of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

  20. Expression of GalNAc-T3 and its relationships with clinicopathological factors in 61 extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas analyzed using stepwise sections - special reference to its association with lymph node metastases-.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Takahiro; Eguchi, Takashi; Oda, Yoshinao; Nishiyama, Kenichi; Fujii, Kei; Izumi, Hiroto; Kohno, Kimitoshi; Yamaguchi, Koji; Tanaka, Masao; Tsuneyoshi, Masazumi

    2007-02-01

    Extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas (EBDCs) still result in an unfavorable prognostic outcome, and little is known about their biological aggressiveness. Recently, UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase-3 (GalNAc-T3) was reported to be associated with differentiation and malignant potential of human carcinomas. Here, we investigated 61 EBDCs for their detailed clinicopathological features and GalNAc-T3 expression by immunohistochemistry, and then evaluated the relationships between the clinicopathological features and GalNAc-T3 expression patterns. Most of the EBDCs were massively invasive tumors with frequent vascular or perineural invasion and lymph node metastases. GalNAc-T3 expression was detected in all 61 EBDCs, and the expression patterns could be classified into granular and diffuse types. All four noninvasive or minimally invasive EBDCs were the granular type. Among the 58 minimally or massively invasive EBDCs, the GalNAc-T3 expression pattern at the luminal surface was the granular type in 38 cases (66%) and diffuse type in 20 cases (34%), while the expression pattern at the invasive front was the granular type in 26 cases (45%) and diffuse type in 32 cases (55%). Among the 38 cases with granular-type expression at the luminal surface, 26 cases (68%) remained the granular type and 12 cases (32%) became the diffuse type at the invasive front. All 20 cases with diffuse-type expression at the luminal surface remained the diffuse type at the invasive front. Diffuse-type GalNAc-T3 expression at the invasive front was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (PGalNAc-T3 expression patterns and other clinicopathological factors, including tumor differentiation, depth of invasion or overall survival. In conclusion, EBDCs alter their GalNAc-T3 expression pattern during tumor growth, and the difference in the GalNAc-T3 expression pattern may be associated with lymph node metastasis. Clinically, preoperative

  1. Strong Expression of Chemokine Receptor CXCR4 by Renal Cell Carcinoma Correlates with Advanced Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas C. Wehler

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Diverse chemokines and their receptors have been associated with tumor growth, tumor dissemination, and local immune escape. In different tumor entities, the level of chemokine receptor CXCR4 expression has been linked with tumor progression and decreased survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of CXCR4 expression on the progression of human renal cell carcinoma. CXCR4 expression of renal cell carcinoma was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 113 patients. Intensity of CXCR4 expression was correlated with both tumor and patient characteristics. Human renal cell carcinoma revealed variable intensities of CXCR4 expression. Strong CXCR4 expression of renal cell carcinoma was significantly associated with advanced T-status (P=.039, tumor dedifferentiation (P = .0005, and low hemoglobin (P = .039. In summary, strong CXCR4 expression was significantly associated with advanced dedifferentiated renal cell carcinoma.

  2. Clinicopathologic analysis of papillary renal cell carcinoma%乳头状肾细胞癌的临床病理特征及预后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 李玉军

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨乳头状肾细胞癌(PRCC)的临床病理特点、免疫表型和预后.方法 回顾性分析19例PRCC患者的临床和病理资料,对肿瘤组织进行免疫组化染色并鉴定其免疫表型,对患者进行随访.结果 PRCC临床上症状多不明显,常在体检时发现.光镜下PRCC组织主要由多少不等的乳头状和管状结构组成,被覆单层立方或多层柱状肿瘤细胞,乳头轴心及间质内可见泡沫细胞、砂粒体沉积,部分肿瘤细胞胞浆内可见含铁血黄索.Ⅰ型12例,Fuhrman核分级均为1~2级;Ⅱ型7例,其中5例Fuhrman核分级为3~4级.Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型PRCC不同程度地表达vimentin、EMA、CKpan、CK7、CD10和p504s,但均不表达34βE12和CK20.16例获得随访的患者中,3例分别于术后3、8和9个月死于肿瘤转移,且均为Ⅱ型PRCC;2例死于其他疾病;其余11例患者均为无瘤生存.结论 PRCC的两种亚型在形态学、免疫表型和预后上有差别,与Ⅰ型PRCC比较,Ⅱ型较Ⅰ型预后不良.PRCC细胞核分级高、出现肉瘤样成分或有透明细胞癌结构可能提示肿瘤具有侵袭性,预后不良.%Objective To analyze the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features and prognosis of papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) in 19 cases. Methods A retrospective study was performed including reviewing the clinical documents and pathological sections of 19 cases of PRCC.Immunohistochemical stainning were performed and follow-up was made in 16 cases. Results There were 11 men and 8 women included in this study. The mean age was 52 years ( range, 33 to 82 years old ).Clinically, most tumors were found incidentally by physical examination because the majority of patients were asymptomatic. Histologjcally, the PRCC were characterized by varying proportions of papillary and tubular architecture covered by single- or multiple-layer of tumor cells with scanty or voluminous basophilic or eosinophilic cytoplasm. Foam cells and psammoma bodies were seen

  3. Co-mutation of p53, K-ras genes and accumulation of p53 protein and its correlation to clinicopathological features in rectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Zhong Pan; De-Sen Wan; Gong Chen; Li-Ren Li; Zhen-Hai Lu; Bi-Jun Huang

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To determine the accuracy of p53 gene mutations predicted by overexpression of p53 protein immunohistochemically,and to investigate the co-mutation of p53 and K-rasgenes in rectal cancer and its effect on promoting malignant biologic behaviors of tumors.METHODS: Ninety-seven specimens of rectal cancer were surgically resected in our hospital from August 1996 to October 1997. The hot mutation areas of p53 gene (in exons 5-8) and K-ras gene (in codon 5/12 and 13) were detected with polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and overexpression of p53 protein was detected with immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the 97 specimens of rectal cancer. Correlation between gene mutations and tumor clinicopathologic factors was studied, and survival analysis was penfomed as well.RESULTS: There were 36 cases of p53 gene mutations in 61 p53 protein positive cases, and 21 cases of p53 gene non-mutation in 36 p53 protein negative cases respectively.The coincidence rate of p53 gene mutation by IHC method with PCR-SSCP method was 58.8% (57/97). The mutation rate of p53 gene was 52.6% (51/97), while K-ras gene mutation was observed in codons 12 and 13 in 61 cases with a mutation rate of 62.9% (61/97). Single gene mutation of p53 or K-raswas found in 32 cases. Both p53 and K-ras gene mutation were found in 48 cases. Statistical analysis showed that p53 and K-rasgene mutations were not related to the clinicopathologic factors, including tumor size, gross tumor type, histological classification, differentiation, invasion to intestinal veins, lymphatics and nerves, invasive depth to wall, lymph node metastasis, and Dukes' stages (P>0.05).The survival in patients with no gene mutation, single gene mutation and both gene mutations were similar (P>0.05).CONCLUSION: IHC has a certain false positive and false negative rate in detecting p53 gene mutations. Malignant biological behaviours of rectal cancer are not enhanced by p53 and K-rasgene mutations. Co

  4. Atypical squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx: radiologic features and pathologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, M.; Ruefenacht, D.A.; Terrier, F. [Geneva Univ. (Switzerland). Dept. de Radiologie; Moulin, G. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospital La Timone, Marseille (France); Kurt, A.M. [Dept. of Pathology, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva (Switzerland); Zbaeren, P. [Dept. of Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Bern (Switzerland); Dulgerov, P.; Marchal, F.; Lehmann, W. [Dept. of Head and Neck Surgery, Geneva University Hospital (Switzerland); Zanaret, P. [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital La Timone, Marseille (France)

    1998-12-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the radiologic features of atypical forms of squamous cell cancer and correlate them with clinical, endoscopic, and histopathologic findings. The CT and MRI images of 31 patients with atypical forms of squamous cell carcinoma were reviewed retrospectively and the radiologic findings were correlated with clinical, endoscopic, and histopathologic findings. Histopathologic diagnoses included undifferentiated carcinoma of nasopharyngeal type (n = 8), verrucous carcinoma (n = 18), spindle cell carcinoma (n = 3), and basaloid cell carcinoma (n = 2). Undifferentiated carcinoma of nasopharyngeal type was located in the supraglottis or piriform sinus beneath an intact mucosa and initial endoscopic biopsy was most often negative. The discrepancy between an intact mucosa at endoscopy and a solid mass with homogenous enhancement at CT or MRI was characteristic for these tumors and warranted further investigations to obtain the definitive histologic diagnosis. Verrucous carcinoma displayed characteristic clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features, namely, an exophytic tumor arising from the glottic level displaying a rugged surface with finger-like projections but with only minor submucosal infiltration. Spindle cell carcinoma appeared as a polypoid mass with a thin stalk arising from the supraglottis. Basaloid cell carcinoma displayed a distinct lobulated enhancement pattern which was observed on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted SE images. Although the MR and CT features of atypical forms of squamous cell carcinoma cannot be considered pathognomonic they should raise the differential diagnosis even if endoscopic biopsy has been negative. The radiologist`s awareness of the appearance of these unusual tumors on CT and MR images may greatly facilitate the diagnostic work-up and helps to guide the endoscopist to the adequate biopsy site in order to establish the correct diagnosis. (orig.) With 8 figs., 2 tabs., 39 refs.

  5. The Correlation between Gene Polymorphism and Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao-Chun Chi; Chang-Xin Geng; Quan-Jiang Dong

    2013-01-01

    The association of gene polymorphism and susceptibility to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been widely studied in recent years. Gene mutations are closely related to HCC. Understanding and measuring the gene mutations are useful to reduce the incidence of HCC and improve its prognosis.

  6. Assessment of Treg and Th17 contents in peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung cancer and analysis of their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin Pu; Yuan-Yuan Zhou; Wen-Shu Ge; Hui-Lan Hong; Jing-Feng Zhang; Chong Bai

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze Treg and Th17 contents in peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung cancer and their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics.Methods:Peripheral blood and serum specimens were collected from patients with non-small cell lung cancer and healthy volunteers to detect Treg and Th17 contents in peripheral blood as well as CEA, TSGF, CYFRA21-1, PTX3 and HE4 contents in serum; tumor tissue and paracancer tissue were collected from lung cancer patients to detect mRNA expression of TRIM25, PKM2, Endoglin, Pin1, Stahmin and HMGA2.Results:Treg cell content and Treg/Th17 ratio in peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung cancer were significantly higher than those of healthy volunteers, and Th17 cell content was significantly lower than that of healthy volunteers; the higher the TNM stage and the lower the degree of differentiation, the higher the Treg cell content and Treg/Th17 ratio and the lower the Th17 cell content in peripheral blood; 1 week and 1 month after operation, Treg cell content and Treg/Th17 ratio in peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung cancer were lower than those before operation, and Th17 cell content was higher than that before treatment; serum CEA, TSGF, CYFRA21-1, PTX3 and HE4 contents of patients with non-small cell lung cancer were significantly higher than those of healthy volunteers and positively correlated with Treg/Th17 ratio; mRNA contents of TRIM25, PKM2, Endoglin, Pin1, Stahmin and HMGA2 in non-small cell lung cancer tissue were significantly higher than those in paracancer tissue and positively correlated with Treg/Th17 ratio.Conclusion:Increased Treg content and decreased Th17 content are related to the occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer.

  7. 乳腺实性乳头状癌临床病理研究及治疗%Clinicopathology research and treatment of breast solid papillary carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁雨飞; 贺同新; 魏溪; 张虹; 陈建华

    2016-01-01

    study the clinicopathologic features,immunophenotype,diagnosis and differential diagnosis,prognosis and treatment of solid papillary carcinoma(SPC)of breast.Methods A retrospective study was performed to analyse the clinicalpathologic features and immunophenotype of 52 case of SPC,with or without invasion. The cytokeratins(CK),myoepithelial markers,neuroendocrine markers,proliferation marker Ki -67,estrogen receptor (ER),progesterone receptor(PR),HER2,ect were detected by immunohistochemical staining,and HER2 was detected by FISH.All patients were followed up.Results All the patients were females with a mean age of (66.76 ±10.19)years. The incidence of SPC among all the breast cancers in this department was 0.99%.The presenting symptoms was a painless mass with or without nipple discharge in the central of breast.All of them accepted surgical resection,13 cases were administrated with chemotherapy after surgery,6 cases were radiotherapy.Metastasis was observed four in 34 cases who had undergone axillar lymph node dissection.General observation tumor was substantive and nodular lesions,may be accompanied by cyst formation,microscopy tumor for swelling,substantive nodules within only fine fiber vascular axis,and lacked obvious nipples and screen structure.The cells were lack of atypia,adhesive in cells nest,35 patients were accompanied with mucus secretion.Immunohistochemical study show that the tumor cells experssed CK8 /18,ER and PR,but not basal cell cytokertin CK5 /6 and 34βE12.Positivity for CK5 /6,34βE12 and P63 were 5.78%, 9.62% and 7.69% in the myoepithelial layers of axis of papillary,and were 21.15%,38.46% and 19.23% in cell nests and tumor peripheral myoepithelial,respectively.Positivity for CgA,Syn,NSE,CD56 were 82.69%,88.46%, 94.23% and 90.38%,respectively.The staining of HER2 oncoprotein was most negative,and 23 cases of FISH detection were all negative.The average positive index of Ki -67 was 4.28%.47 cases received follow -up of patients(90.38%),only 1

  8. The clinicopathological and biological behavior study on verrucous carcinoma of penis%阴茎疣状癌临床病理与生物学行为的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绪洲; 王涛

    2003-01-01

    目的通过对76例阴茎疣状癌的临床病理学研究,分析其生物学行为与预后的关系,对其治疗措施进行探讨.方法用组织化学HE,特殊组织化学网状纤维和免疫组化keratin、laminin染色观察.结果阴茎疣状癌呈疣状、乳头状向表面生长,深部"推进式"局部侵袭,生长缓慢、病程长,极少转移,预后好.结论阴茎疣状癌恶性程度低,在诊断与治疗方面应与鳞状细胞癌区别对待.手术治疗应以局部肿瘤切除或阴茎部分切除为宜,不需要阴茎全切或扩大根治手术.%Objective To analyse the relation between the biological behavior and the prognosis of the verrucous carcinoma of penis through the clinicopathological study on 76 cases of verrucous carcinoma of penis and discussed the treatment measures.Methods The study was carried out by using common and special histochemical stainings and immunohistochemical method.Results The tumors were the characteristics of verrucous or papillary appearance,propulsive local invasion,slow growth,long course,rare metastasis,favorable prognosis.Conclusion Our study demonstrates that the malignant degree of verrucous carcinoma of penis is low and it should be differentiated from squamous cell carcinoma in diagnosis and treatment.It is preferable that local tumor resection or partial amputation of penis should be carried out and not necessarily to have total amputation of penis or enlarging radical operation.

  9. Expressing patterns of p16 and CDK4 correlated to prognosis in colorectal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Po Zhao; Ying-Chuan Hu; Ian C. Talbot

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To describe the correlation between innunostaining patterns of p16 and CDK4 and prognosis in colorectal carcinoma.METHODS: Paraffin sections of 74 cases of colorectal carcinoma were analysed immunohistochemically for expression of p16 and CDK4 proteins.RESULTS: Most carcinomas showed stronger p16 and CDK4immunostaining in the cytoplasm than the adenomas or the adjacent normal mucosa. Strong immunostaining of p16 was a predictor for better prognosis whereas strong cytoplasmic immunostaining of CDK4 was a predictor for poor prognosis.Both p16 and CDK4 immunostainings were correlated with histological grade or Dukes' stage.CONCLUSION: These results support the experimental evidence that interaction of expression of p16 and CDK4may play an important role in the Rb/p16 pathway, and the expression paterns of CDK4 and p16 may be imperative in the development of colorectal carcinoma, thus becoming a new prognostic marker in colorectal cancer.

  10. Inverted verrucous carcinoma of the buttock mimicking abscess and gossypiboma: MR and pathologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Bing; Gorbachova, Tetyana; Rodgers, Shuchi K. [Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Belser, Paul [Einstein Medical Center Montgomery, Department of Pathology, East Norriton, PA (United States); Schiowitz, Robert [Einstein Medical Center Montgomery, Department of Surgery, East Norriton, PA (United States)

    2015-09-15

    Verrucous carcinoma (VC) is an uncommon, low-grade variant of squamous cell carcinoma. Its benign histologic appearance and indolent course may lead to a delayed diagnosis. We report a rare case of an inverted verrucous carcinoma of the buttock presenting as a slow-growing subcutaneous lesion with a draining sinus and no exophytic component, clinically mimicking abscess and gossypiboma, with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and pathologic correlation. Biopsy of the lesional base is mandatory for accurate diagnosis. An enhancement pattern with a convoluted undulating appearance in a subcutaneous lesion displayed on MRI should raise a consideration of inverted VC in the differential diagnosis. (orig.)

  11. Expression of ATP7B in human gastric cardiac carcinomas in comparison with distal gastric carcinomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Da-Long Wu; Hui-Xing Yi; Feng-Ying Sui; Xiao-Hong Jiang; Xiao-Ming Jiang; Ying-Ying Zhao

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To analyze expression of ATP7B in gastric cardiac adenocarcinomas, its clinicopathologic significance, in comparison with distal gastric adenocarcinomas.METHODS: Immunohistochemical avidin-biotin peroxidase complex method was applied to detect the expression of ATP7B in 49 cases of cardiac carcinomas,the corresponding adjacent non-neoplastic epithelium and 55 cases of distal gastric carcinomas.RESULTS: The proportion of ATP7B positive samples in gastric cardiac carcinomas (51.0%, 25 of 49) was significantly higher than that in the corresponding adjacent non-neoplastic epithelium (22.4%, 11 of 49)(P = 0.003). ATP7B expression in poorly differentiated gastric cardiac carcinomas was significantly higher than that in well/moderately differentiated gastric cardiac carcinomas (P = 0.030). ATP7B expression in gastric cardiac carcinomas was independent of age, tumor size, nodal stage and metastasis status. ATP7B protein was detected in 30.9% (17/55 cases) of distal gastric carcinomas, markedly lower than that in gastric cardiac carcinomas (P = 0.037).CONCLUSION: ATP7B protein is frequently overexpressed in gastric cardiac carcinomas, and correlated with the differentiation of cardiac carcinoma. ATP7B expression in gastric cardiac carcinomas is significantly higher than that in distal gastric carcinomas, which might partially explain the difference of chemotherapy response and prognosis between these two gastric carcinomas.

  12. Prognostic significance of TRAIL death receptors in Middle Eastern colorectal carcinomas and their correlation to oncogenic KRAS alterations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussain Azhar R

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL is a member of the tumour necrosis factor cytokine family that induces apoptosis upon binding to its death domain containing receptors, TRAIL receptor 1 (DR4 and TRAIL receptor 2 (DR5. Expression of TRAIL receptors is higher in colorectal carcinoma (CRC as compared to normal colorectal mucosa and targeted therapy with TRAIL leads to preferential killing of tumor cells sparing normal cells. Methods We investigated the expression of TRAIL and its receptors in a tissue microarray cohort of 448 Middle Eastern CRC. We also studied the correlation between TRAIL receptors and various clinico-pathological features including key molecular alterations and overall survival. Results CRC subset with TRAIL-R1 expression was associated with a less aggressive phenotype characterized by early stage (p = 0.0251 and a histology subtype of adenocarcinomas (p = 0.0355. Similarly CRC subset with TRAIL-R2 expression was associated with a well-differentiated tumors (p KIP1 and KRAS4A isoforms was significantly higher in CRC subset with TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 expression; TRAIL-R1 expression was also associated with cleaved caspase-3(p = 0.0011. Interestingly, TRAIL-R2 expression was associated with a microsatellite stable (MS--S/L phenotype (p = 0.0003 and with absence of KRAS mutations (p = 0.0481. Conclusion TRAIL-R1 expression was an independent prognostic marker for better survival in all CRC samples and even in the CRC group that received adjuvant therapy. The biological effects of TRAIL in CRC models, its enhancement of chemosensitivity towards standard chemotherapeutic agents and the effect of endogenous TRAIL receptor levels on survival make TRAIL an extremely attractive therapeutic target.

  13. Clinicopathologic analyses of salivary gland acinar cell carcinoma and review of the literature%涎腺腺泡细胞癌临床病理分析并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘畅; 许春伟; 王晶晶; 张立英

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and diagnostic criteria of salivary gland acinar cell carcinoma.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed the features of clinicopathology and immunohistochemistry of a case of salivary gland acinar cell carcinoma, and combined together the review of the literatures.Results: Under light microscope, the tumor cell body was wide, and basophilic cytoplasm was ifne granular, nuclear round tumor cell growth was gland bubbly or slice solid growth, area of tumor was the papillary change, this case showed positive immunostaining for AE1/AE3, CK8/18, CK7, AAT and S-100.Conclusion: Salivary gland acinar cell carcinoma has a low incidence, but its frequent position of invasion and typical histology shape, combining together immunohistochemistry methods, will make for diagnosis and differential diagnosis possible.%目的:探讨涎腺腺泡细胞癌的临床病理学特点及诊断要点。方法:对1例涎腺腺泡细胞癌进行临床资料、病理形态学及免疫组织化学观察,并结合文献对其诊断及鉴别诊断进行探讨。结果:镜下瘤细胞胞体宽大,胞浆嗜碱性呈细颗粒状,核圆形瘤细胞生长呈腺泡状或实性片状生长,部分区域呈乳头状改变,免疫组化显示AE1/AE3(+)、CK8/18(+)、CK7(+)、AAT(+)、S-100(+)。结论:涎腺腺泡细胞癌发病率低,但根据其常见的发病部位及特征性的组织形态,结合免疫组织化学方法,有助于其诊断及鉴别诊断。

  14. 圆盘状受体2在肝癌组织中的表达及其临床意义%Clinicopathological significance of the expression of discoidin domain receptor 2 in primary hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩文豪; 侯国欣; 刘磊

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨圆盘状受体2(DDR2)在原发性肝癌组织中的表达和临床意义.方法 免疫组织化学法检测105例原发性肝癌组织中DDR2的表达;Kendall's tau法进行相关性分析;Kaplan-Meier法绘制生存曲线,Log-rank检验分析;Cox比例风险回归模型分析独立预后影响因素.结果 与癌旁组织比较,DDR2在肝癌组织中呈阳性高表达.肝癌组织中DDR2表达水平高低与肝癌肿瘤数量、分化程度、巴塞罗那临床肝癌分期(BCLC)、TNM分期、有无静脉浸润和有无卫星结节等临床病理特征之间显著相关(P<0.05),而与患者性别、年龄等其他临床病理特征之间无明显相关(P>0.05).Cox回归分析结果显示DDR2高表达是肝癌患者总生存率的独立影响因素[风险比(HR)=2.524;95%可信区间(CI):1.520-7.176;P <0.01],也是患者无复发生存的独立影响因素(HR =3.001;95% CI:1.724~ 10.280;P <0.01).Kaplan-Meier生存分析表明,与DDR2低表达的患者比较,DDR2高表达的患者总体生存(P<0.05)和无复发生存均较差(P<0.05).结论 DDR2高表达参与原发性肝癌的发生发展,是原发性肝癌的独立预后影响因素.%Objective To investigated the expression of discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR2) and its clinicopathological significance in primary hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods Immunohistochemistry was employed to detect the expression of DDR2 in primary hepatocellular carcinoma tissues of 105 patients.Correlation between variables was analyzed by Kendall' tau method.Survival curves were plotted using Kaplan-Meier method with Log-rank test.Cox proportional hazard model was used to evaluate the independent prognostic factors.Difference with P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.Results Compared with paracancerous tissues the expression level of DDR2 increased in tumor tissues.High expression of DDR2 significantly correlated with the clinical parameters including tumor number

  15. Aberrant Expression of Calretinin, D2-40 and Mesothelin in Mucinous and Non-Mucinous Colorectal Carcinomas and Relation to Clinicopathological Features and Prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, Abd AlRahman Mohammad; El-Hawary, Amira Kamal; Hamed, Hazem

    2016-10-01

    CRC is a heterogeneous disease in terms of morphology, invasive behavior, metastatic capacity, and clinical outcome. Recently, many so-called mesothelial markers, including calretinin, D2-40, WT1, thrombomodulin, mesothelin, and others, have been certified. The aim of this study was to assess the immunohistochemical expression of calretinin and other mesothelial markers (D2-40 and mesothelin) in colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma (MA) and non mucinous adenocarcinoma (NMA) specimens and relation to clinicopathological features and prognosis using manual tissue microarray technique. We studied tumor tissue specimens from 150 patients with colorectal MA and NMA who underwent radical surgery from January 2007 to January 2012. High-density manual tissue microarrays were constructed using a modified mechanical pencil tip technique, and paraffin sections were submitted for immunohistochemistry using Calretinin, D2-40 and mesothelin expressions. We found that NMA showed significantly more calretinin and D2-40 expression than MA In contrast, no statistically significant difference between NMA and MA was detected in mesothelin expression. There were no statistically significant relations between any of the clinicopathological or histological parameters and any of the three markers. In a univariate analysis, neither calretinin nor D2-40 expressions showed any significant relations to DFS or OS. However, mesothelin luminal expression was significantly associated with worse DFS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis proved that luminal mesothelin expression was an independent negative prognostic factor in NMA. In conclusion, Calretinin, D2-40 and mesothelin are aberrantly expressed in a proportion of CRC cases with more expression in NMA than MA. Aberrant expression of these mesothelial markers was not associated with clinicopathological or histological features of CRCs. Only mesothelin expression appears to be a strong predictor of adverse prognosis.

  16. Clinicopathological diagnosis of orofacial granulomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afsar, Fatma Sule; Duran, Hatice Demirlendi; Yilmaz, Gungor; Ermete, Murat

    2017-01-01

    Orofacial granulomatosis is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent soft tissue swellings, oral ulceration, and other orofacial features in the absence of an identifiable granulomatous disease. We report a case of a 61-year-old woman with recurrent ulcerations and swellings in her oral mucosa. She was diagnosed as orofacial granulomatosis based upon clinicopathological correlation after exclusion of other granulomatous diseases and showed a favorable response to systemic corticosteroid treatment.

  17. Tumor angiogenesis and dynamic CT in colorectal carcinoma: Radiologic-pathologic correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zi-Ping Li; Quan-Fei Meng; Can-Hui Sun; Da-Sheng Xu; Miao Fan; Xu-Feng Yang; Dong-Ying Chen

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the correlation between microvessel density and spiral CT perfusion imaging in colorectal carcinoma.METHODS: Thirty-seven patients, with histologically proven colorectal carcinoma, underwent water enema spiral CT scan. The largest axial surface of the primary tumor was searched on unenhanced spiral CT images. At this level, the enhanced dynamic scan series was acquired.Time-density curves (TDC) were created from the region of interest drawn over the tumor, target artery by Toshiba Xpress/SX spiral CT with perfusion functional software.Then the perfusion was calculated. Microvessel density(MVD) was evaluated using immunohistochemical staining of surgical specimens with anti-CD34, and then MVD was correlated with perfusion.RESULTS: MVD of colorectal carcinomas was 33.11-173.44,mean 87.28, and perfusion was 15.60-64.80 mL/min/100 g, mean 39.74 mL/min/100 g. MVD and perfusionwere not associated with invasive depth, metastasis and disease stage, and they all decreased with increasing Dukes' stage, but no significant correlation was found between them (r= 0.L8, P = 0.29).CONCLUSION: There is no significant correlation between MVD and perfusion. Neovascularizaton and perfusion are highly presented in early colorectal carcinoma.CT perfusion imaging may be more suited for assessing tumorigenesis in colorectal carcinoma than histological MVD technique.

  18. Molecular confirmation of t(6;11)(p21;q12) renal cell carcinoma in archival paraffin-embedded material using a break-apart TFEB FISH assay expands its clinicopathologic spectrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argani, Pedram; Yonescu, Raluca; Morsberger, Laura; Morris, Kerry; Netto, George J; Smith, Nathan; Gonzalez, Nilda; Illei, Peter B; Ladanyi, Marc; Griffin, Constance A

    2012-10-01

    A subset of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) is characterized by t(6;11)(p21;q12), which results in fusion of the untranslated Alpha (MALAT1) gene to the TFEB gene. Only 21 genetically confirmed cases of t(6;11) RCCs have been reported. This neoplasm typically demonstrates a distinctive biphasic morphology, comprising larger epithelioid cells and smaller cells clustered around basement membrane material; however, the full spectrum of its morphologic appearances is not known. The t(6;11) RCCs differ from most conventional RCCs in that they consistently express melanocytic immunohistochemical (IHC) markers such as HMB45 and Melan A and the cysteine protease cathepsin K but are often negative for epithelial markers such as cytokeratins. TFEB IHC has been proven to be useful to confirm the diagnosis of t(6;11) RCCs in archival material, because native TFEB is upregulated through promoter substitution by the gene fusion. However, IHC is highly fixation dependent and has been proven to be particularly difficult for TFEB. A validated fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for molecular confirmation of the t(6;11) RCC in archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded material has not been previously reported. We report herein the development of a break-apart TFEB FISH assay for the diagnosis of t(6;11)(p21;q12) RCCs. We validated the assay on 4 genetically confirmed cases and 76 relevant expected negative control cases and used the assay to report 8 new cases that expand the clinicopathologic spectrum of t(6;11) RCCs. An additional previously reported TFEB IHC-positive case was confirmed by TFEB FISH in 46-year-old archival material. In conclusion, TFEB FISH is a robust, clinically validated assay that can confirm the diagnosis of t(6;11) RCC in archival material and should allow a more comprehensive clinicopathologic delineation of this recently recognized neoplastic entity.

  19. Expression of specific miRNAs in papillary thyroid carcinomas and their clinicopathological significance%miRNAs在甲状腺乳头状癌中的表达及临床病理意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴璇璇; 周毅力; 刘超; 闫东升; 王瓯晨

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨甲状腺乳头状癌(PTC)中特征性的miRNA表达谱以及临床病理意义。方法对52例PTC及7例良性甲状腺肿瘤手术切除标本采用基因芯片技术及RNA印迹杂交法检测miRNA的表达,对过表达的miRNA表达水平与PTC临床病理特征之间的关系进行分析。结果(1)用基因芯片技术筛检发现 PTC 组织中5例过表达的 miRNAs(miR-375、miR-34a、miR-146b、miR-222、miR-31)。(2)RNA印迹杂交法验证芯片结果及检测其他miRNAs结果显示:miR-34a、miR-146b、miR-31、miR-21和miR-221在PTC组织中的表达水平较癌旁正常甲状腺组织显著升高(P<0.05)。MiR-146b和miR-221在PTC组织中的过表达率较良性甲状腺肿瘤组织显著升高(P<0.01)。PTC患者中包膜侵犯组、淋巴结转移组、TNM分期III- IV期组及AGES系统评分≥5分组miR-221的表达水平均明显高于相应对照组(P<0.05或0.01);而男性PTC患者的miR-146b表达水平明显高于女性PTC患者(P<0.05)。结论 miR-146b、miR-221、miR-21和miR-31的过表达与PTC的发生、发展有关;过表达的miR-221和miR-146b与PTC的预后不良有关。%Objective To investigate expression of specific miRNAs in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and their clini-copathological significance. Methods Fifty two surgical specimens of PTC tissues and 7 specimens of benign thyroid tumor tis-sues were col ected. The miRNA expression levels were detected by using microarray and Northern blot. The correlation between over- expressed miRNAs and clinicopathological features of PTC were analyzed. Results A set of 5 over- expressed miRNAs (miR- 375, miR- 34a, miR- 146b, miR- 222, miR- 31) was distinguished by microarray in PTC tissues compared to cancer- adja-cent tissues. Using Northern blot, the results of microarray were verified;and Northern blot results also showed that the expres-sion levels of miR- 34a, miR- 146b, miR- 31, miR- 221 and miR- 21 in PTC were

  20. Correlation of IDH1 mutation with clinicopathologic factors and prognosis in primary glioblastoma: a report of 118 patients from China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Yan

    Full Text Available It has been reported that IDH1 (IDH1R132 mutation was a frequent genomic alteration in grade II and grade III glial tumors but rare in primary glioblastoma (pGBM. To elucidate the frequency of IDH1 mutation and its clinical significance in Chinese patients with pGBM, one hundred eighteen pGBMs were assessed by pyro-sequencing for IDH1 mutation status, and the results were correlated with clinical characteristics and molecular pathological factors. IDH1 mutations were detected in 19/118 pGBM cases (16.1%. Younger age, methylated MGMT promoter, high expression of mutant P53 protein, low expression of Ki-67 or EGFR protein were significantly correlated with IDH1 mutation status. Most notably, we identified pGBM cases with IDH1 mutation were mainly involved in the frontal lobe when compared with those with wild-type IDH1. In addition, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a highly significant association between IDH1 mutation and a better clinical outcome (p = 0.026 for progression-free survival; p = 0.029 for overall survival. However, in our further multivariable regression analysis, the independent prognostic effect of IDH1 mutation is limited when considering age, preoperative KPS score, extent of resection, TMZ chemotherapy, and Ki-67 protein expression levels, which might narrow its prognostic power in Chinese population in the future.

  1. Expression of Noxa protein in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma and its relationship with clinicopathological factors%Noxa蛋白在肝外胆管癌组织中的表达及其与临床病理的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海霞; 李伟; 熊正文; 李宏伟; 黄勇; 牛晓东

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the expression of Noxa protein in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma and normal tis-sue, and investigate its relationship with clinicopathological factors. Methods The expression of Noxa was detected in 70 cases of extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma and 70 cases of normal tissue from March 2006 to June 2009 by immunohisto-chemisty (EnVision TM). Results The positive expression rate of Noxa in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma and normal tis-sue was 32.86%(23/70), 68.57%(48/70), respectively, with statistically significant difference (χ2=17.86, P0.05). The five-year survival rate of patients with positive expression of Noxa was significantly lower than that of pa-tients with negative expression [26.09%(6/23) vs 53.19%(25/47),χ2=4.59, P0.05);Noxa阳性表达的患者5年生存率低于Noxa阴性表达者[26.09%(6/23) vs 53.19%(25/47)],差异有统计学意义(χ2=4.59,P<0.05)。结论肝外胆管癌组织中Noxa蛋白的低表达不仅表明了癌细胞促凋亡能力的异常,而且也有利于预测淋巴结转移及临床分期的状态,同时也可作为判断患者预后的参考指标。

  2. High-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma of the urinary tract: a clinicopathologic analysis of a post-World Health Organization/International Society of Urological Pathology classification cohort from a single academic center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaux, Alcides; Karram, Sarah; Miller, Jeremy S; Fajardo, Daniel A; Lee, Thomas K; Miyamoto, Hiroshi; Netto, George J

    2012-01-01

    About one half of all bladder neoplasms are noninvasive, and in those, the histologic grade is a crucial prognosticator. Few single-center studies have assessed the recurrence, progression, and cancer-related mortality rates of noninvasive high-grade papillary urothelial carcinomas. With this aim, we evaluated the clinicopathologic and outcome features of 85 patients with high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma. Median age was 68 years, and 80.5% were men. Tumor size ranged from 0.3 to 13.0 cm (median, 1.6 cm). Recurrence was found in 36.5% of the patients, whereas tumor progression, defined as invasion of lamina propria or beyond, was identified in 40% of all cases. When present, lesion reappearance involved mostly 1 to 2 episodes. Metastasis appeared in 20% of the patients, and 15% died of disseminated bladder cancer. All cancer-related deaths occurred in the group of patients with progression, whereas patients with recurrence showed similar outcomes to those with no recurrence. For patients with tumor progression, clinical stage was significantly associated with outcome (P = .002). As for prognosis, tumor size was strongly associated with progression (P < .01). In conclusion, recurrence, progression, and cancer-specific mortality rates were 36.5%, 40%, and 15%, respectively. All the patients who died of cancer had a history of tumor progression. Patients with recurrences showed similar outcomes to those with no recurrence. Tumor size was strongly associated with tumor progression and cancer-specific survival, whereas clinical stage was significantly associated with outcome in the progression group. In light of the high recurrence and progression rates of high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma, strict clinical surveillance aimed to detect early recurrent lesions, especially in patients with larger tumors, is warranted.

  3. Expression of E-selectin, integrin β1 and immunoglobulin superfamily member in human gastric carcinoma cells and its clinicopathologic significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-Jing Ke; Qin-Shu Shao; Zhi-Qiang Ling

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To study the expression levels of E- selectin, integrin β1 and immunoglobulin supperfamily memberintercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in human gastric carcinoma cells, and to explore the relationship between these three kinds of cell adhesion molecules and gastric carcinoma.METHODS: The serum contents of E-selectin, integrin β1 and ICAM-1 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in 47 healthy individuals (control group) and in 57 patients with gastric carcinoma (gastric carcinoma group) respectively prior to operation and 7 d after operation.RESULTS: The serum E-selectin, ECAM-1 and integrin β1were found to be expressed in both control and gastric carcinoma groups. However, they were highly expressed in patients with gastric carcinoma patients before operation or with unresectable tumours. The expression levels of ICAM-1 and integrin β1 were significantly higher in gastric carcinoma patients than in controls (P <0.01). A comparison of the E-selectin levels between the two groups showed statistically insignificant differnce (P = 0.64) In addition, the expression levels were all decreased substantially in the postoperative patients subjected to radical resection of the tumours, indicating that the high level expressions of these compounds might be the important factor for predicting the prognosis of these patients.CONCLUSION: Serum E-selectin, ICAM-1 and integrin β1 expression levels are probably related to the metastasis and relapse of gastric cancer.

  4. Clinicopathological correlates in HIV seropositive tuberculosis cases presenting with jaundice after initiating antiretroviral therapy with a structured review of the literature

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    Barr David A

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The development of jaundice after initiation of HAART in HIV-TB co-infected patients is a challenging presentation in resource constrained settings, and is often attributed to drug induced liver injury (DILI.Some investigators have described hepatic tuberculosis Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (TB-IRIS as a cause of liver disease in patients initiating HAART, which could also cause jaundice. Case presentations We report the clinical and histopathological features of five HIV-TB co-infected patients presenting with a syndrome of jaundice, tender hepatomegaly, bile canalicular enzyme rise and return of constitutional symptoms within 8 weeks of initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART for advanced HIV infection at a rural clinic in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. All five patients had been diagnosed with tuberculosis infection prior to HAART initiation and were on antituberculous medication at time of developing jaundice. There was evidence of multiple aetiologies of liver injury in all patients. However, based on clinical course and pathological findings, predominant hepatic injury was thought to be drug induced in one case and hepatic tuberculosis associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB-IRIS in the other four. In these later 4 patients, liver biopsy findings included necrotising and non-necrotising granulomatous inflammation in the lobules and portal tracts. The granulomas demonstrated – in addition to epithelioid histiocytes and Langhans giant cells – neutrophils, plasma cells and large numbers of lymphocytes, which are not features of a conventional untreated tuberculous response. Conclusion In this high TB prevalent, low resource setting, TB-IRIS may be an important cause of jaundice post-HAART initiation. Clinicopathological correlation is essential for optimal diagnosis. Further multi-organ based histopathological studies in the context of immune reconstitution would be

  5. The expression of immunohistochemical markers estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, Her-2-neu, p53 and Ki-67 in epithelial ovarian tumors and its correlation with clinicopathologic variables

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    Mary T Sylvia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study aims to evaluate the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ER α, progesterone receptor A (PRA, Her-2-neu, p53, and Ki-67 in epithelial ovarian tumors and their correlation with various clinicopathologic variables. Materials and Methods: This study included 60 consecutive cases of epithelial ovarian tumors. Sections of 4 μm were taken from paraffin embedded tissue blocks for immunohistochemistry (IHC. Statistical analysis was done using Chi square test, ANOVA. Results: ER α had lower expression in benign (29% and PRA higher expression in malignant (63.6% tumors. ERα, PRA had higher expression in serous (72.72%, 57.14%, postmenopausal (81.8%, 71.42%, advanced stage (63.63%, 52.38%, grade 3 (45.45%, 38.09%, and tumors with ascites (90.90%, 85.7%. Her-2-neu, p53 were negative in benign and higher in malignant (21%, 57.6%, serous (71.42%, 57.89%, grade 3 (57.14%, 31.57%, and tumors with ascites (85.7%, 84.21%. Ki-67 had a significant higher expression in malignant (48.6± 26.76, serous (55.43± 27.85, and grade 3 tumors (68 ± 22. CA-125 levels were significantly higher in malignant, serous, advanced stage, grade 3 and ER α, Her-2-neu and p53 positive tumors. Conclusion: ERα, PRA expression in tumors with adverse prognostic factors support the mitogenic role of estrogen and estrogenic regulation of PR. Her-2-neu and p53 expression only in malignant tumors suggest their carcinogenic role and aid in the differentiation of borderline and malignant tumors. Higher Ki-67 in tumors with adverse prognostic factors would help in prognostication and differentiation. Lack of co-expression of markers proves the extreme heterogeneity of ovarian tumors. These markers may aid in differentiation and prognostication of ovarian tumors.

  6. Hamartomas, teratomas and teratocarcinosarcomas of the head and neck: Report of 3 new cases with clinico-pathologic correlation, cytogenetic analysis, and review of the literature

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    Lydiatt William M

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Germ-cell tumors (GCT are a histologically and biologically diverse group of neoplasms which primarily occur in the gonads but also develop at different extragonadal sites in the midline of the body. The head and neck region including the upper respiratory tract is a very rare location for such tumors in both children and adults, which can cause diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Methods We describe here two new cases of multilineage tumors including sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma [SNTCS], and congenital oronasopharyngeal teratoma (epignathus and compare their features with those of a new case of a rare salivary gland anlage tumor [SGAT], an entity for which the pathogenesis is unclear (i.e. hamartoma versus neoplasm. We correlate their presenting clinico-pathological features and compare histologic and cytogenetic features in an attempt to elucidate their pathogenesis and biologic potentials. Results and discussion Cytogenetic analysis revealed chromosomal abnormalities only in the case of SNTCS that showed trisomy 12 and 1p deletion. Both cytogenetic abnormalities are characteristically present in malignant germ cell tumors providing for the first time evidence that this rare tumor type indeed might represent a variant of a germ cell neoplasm. The SGAT and epignathus carried no such cytogenetic abnormalities, in keeping with their limited and benign biologic potential. Conclusion The comparison of these three cases should serve to emphasize the diversity of multilineage tumors (hamartomas and GCT of the upper respiratory tract in regards to their biology, age of presentation and clinical outcomes. Malignant tumors of germ cell origins are more likely to affect adults with insidious symptom development, while benign tumors can nevertheless cause dramatic clinical symptoms which, under certain circumstances, can be fatal.

  7. ROCK2蛋白在食管鳞状细胞癌中的表达及其临床意义%Relationship between ROCK2 expression and clinicopathologic characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    瓦热斯江·衣不拉音; 陈照丽; 谭锋维; 孙楠; 赫捷

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression and relationship of Rho-associated protein kinase 2 (ROCK2) and clinical characteristics in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods Immunohistochemistry was performed to assay the expression of ROCK2 in tumor tissues and adjacent normal epithelium from 118 ESCC patients in tissue microarray. The relationship between ROCK2 level and clinicopathologic profiles such as age, gender, location, smoking, differentiation degree, T stage, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage were analyzed. Results The ROCK2 expression was up-regulated in 54 of 118 (45. 76% ) ESCC tissues. The up-regulated expression of ROCK2 was observed in 55.74% (34/61) ESCC tissues of patients under 61 years old. And it was significantly higher than that in 35.09% (20/57) of patients over 61 years old ( x2 = 5.062, P = 0. 024 ). In addition, the rate of up-regulation of ROCK2 was significantly higher in high-grade differentiation group (58. 70%, 27/46 ) than that in moderate-grade and low-grade differentiation group ( 37.50%, 27/72 ) ( x2 = 5.080, P = 0. 024 ). Conclusion The upregulated expression of ROCK2 is correlated with patient age and differentiation grade of ESCC.%目的 研究Rho相关的蛋白激酶2(ROCK2)在食管鳞癌组织中的表达水平及其临床意义.方法 收集1990至2001年间在中国医学科学院肿瘤医院接受手术治疗的原发食管癌病例,免疫组织化学方法检测了组织芯片中118例食管鳞癌组织及其配对的癌旁正常食管黏膜中ROCK2的表达水平.将病例按年龄、性别、肿瘤部位、吸烟与否、分化程度、T分期、淋巴结转移及TNM分期进行分组,比较不同组别中ROCK2表达水平的差异.结果 ROCK2在118例食管鳞癌组织中的高表达率为45.76%(54/118).在年龄<61岁组,ROCK2高表达率为55.74%(34/61),高于年龄>6l岁组的35.09%(20/57),两者差异具有统计学意义(x2=5.062,P=0.024).高分化病例组中ROCK2高表达率为58.70%(27/46),

  8. Correlation between BOLD-MRI and HIF expression level in renal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dong; Wang, Xingming; Wang, Shuai; Cheng, Jie

    2015-01-01

    Occupying about 2%~3% of all malignant tumors, renal carcinoma is the most common primary cancer in kidney. The oxidative level of tumor cells is of vital role for optimizing treatment plan, evaluating efficacy and predicting prognosis. This study thus investigated the R2(*) value in mouse renal carcinoma model and the correlation between tumor hypoxia and expression level of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). A total of 20 BALB/C nude mice (4~6 weeks old) were inoculated with human ACHN renal carcinoma cells to generate renal cancer model. After the tumor diameter reached 0.5 cm, all animals were examined by BOLD-MRI, both under normal inhalation (R2a(*)) and carbogen treatment (R2b(*)). The alternation of R2(*) values (ΔR2(*)=R2a(*) - R2b(*)) was calculated. Mice were then sacrificed for Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining targeting HIF-1α and HIF-2α. The positive score of HIF was then analyzed for its correlation with R2(*) value. In 18 mice finished both experiments, Pearson correlation analysis revealed significant negative correlation between R2a(*) and ΔR2(*) (r=-0.48, Pcorrelated with tumor R(*) values. The positive correlation between ΔR2(*) and HIF-2α, but not HIF-1α, suggested potential role of combined BOLD-MRI technique and HIF-1α staining in clinical diagnosis of renal carcinoma. HIF-2α may work as biological marker for renal cancer.

  9. 乳腺黏液腺癌25例临床病理特征分析%Clinicopathological analysis of 25 cases of mucinous carcinoma of the breast

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军扩; 纪媛媛

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨乳腺黏液腺癌的临床及病理特征。方法回顾性分析25例乳腺黏液腺癌患者的临床病理资料,总结该病的临床病理特征。结果黏液腺癌发病例数占同期乳腺癌的1.08%,肿瘤长径1.0~5.0 cm。单纯型10例,占40.0%,混合型15例,占60.0%。单纯型黏液腺癌无淋巴结转移,混合型转移率为26.67%(4/15),ER、PR 阳性率在两型之间差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。两型间 C -erbB -2阳性率差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论乳腺黏液腺癌单纯型较混合型淋巴结转移率低。C -erbB -2是判断乳腺黏液腺癌预后的重要参考指标。%Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features of mucinous carcinoma of the breast.Methods The clinicopathological data of 25 patients with mucinous carcinoma of the breast were retrospectively analyzed.Results Mucinous adenocarcinoma accounted for 1 .08% of breast cancer in the sane period.The tumor size was 1 .0 ~5.0 cm.There were 1 0 ca-ses of pure type,accountting for 40.0%,and 1 5 cases of mixed type,accountting for 60.0%.Lymph node metastasis did not occur in the pure type of mucinous carcinoma of the breast.The lymph node metastasis rate of mixed type was 26.67%(4 /1 5). There was no statistical difference in the positive rates of ER,PR between two types.The positive rates of C -erbB -2 were sta-tistically different(P <0.05).Conclusion The pure type of mucinous carcinoma of the breast has the lower metastasis rate than the mixed type.C -erbB -2 is an important indicators for the prognosis of mucinous carcinoma of the breast.

  10. Malignant melanoma and breast carcinoma: a bidirectional correlation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ho, W L

    2009-03-05

    BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic and genetic studies have suggested a bidirectional association between breast carcinoma (BC) and malignant melanoma (MM). OBSERVATION: We present a series of patients with MM and BC detected in our department within a span of 6 months, raising concerns for the high associations between the two malignancies. This led us to match the concordance of the two tumours in the National Irish Cancer Registry. CONCLUSION: The national figures provide evidence of a link between BC and MM. We recommend increased awareness among clinicians leading to more detailed surveillance of both second primary tumours. All MM patients with a family history of BC should be referred to a breast clinic. Women above the age of 40 with MM should undergo annual mammography and those less than 40 may be better evaluated with a breast MRI. All breast cancer patients should be made aware of the significance of changing moles and those with suspicious lesions referred to a dermatologist for evaluation.

  11. Malignant melanoma and breast carcinoma: a bidirectional correlation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ho, W L

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic and genetic studies have suggested a bidirectional association between breast carcinoma (BC) and malignant melanoma (MM). OBSERVATION: We present a series of patients with MM and BC detected in our department within a span of 6 months, raising concerns for the high associations between the two malignancies. This led us to match the concordance of the two tumours in the National Irish Cancer Registry. CONCLUSION: The national figures provide evidence of a link between BC and MM. We recommend increased awareness among clinicians leading to more detailed surveillance of both second primary tumours. All MM patients with a family history of BC should be referred to a breast clinic. Women above the age of 40 with MM should undergo annual mammography and those less than 40 may be better evaluated with a breast MRI. All breast cancer patients should be made aware of the significance of changing moles and those with suspicious lesions referred to a dermatologist for evaluation.

  12. Helical CT findings and clinicopathologic featuresin malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors: the correlation between radiologic appearance and malignant potential

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhifeng Xu; Aizhen Pan; Fang Yong; Yingyu Chen; Bin Li; Qiang Gao; Renhua Wu

    2011-01-01

    Objective: In this pictorial essay, we described the clinical, pathologic, and computed tomographic (CT) findings of malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (MGISTs) and attempt to establish the correlation between radiologic appearance and malignant potential. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 20 patients receiving treatment for MGIST between 2008 and 2010. The diagnosis was established by pathology and immunohistochemistry. All these patients underwent pre-operative CT. Clinical presentation, pathology and CT images were analyzed. Helical CT images were reviewed for morpho-logic features such as tumor size, number and location, tumor margins, necrosis, degree of enhancement and metastasis. Results: Gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal pain and discomfort, and without clinical symptom were common findings and were observed in 9 (45%), 6 (30%), and 5 (25%) of the 20 patients. 8 (40%) tumors were located in stomach, and 10 (50%), 1 (5%) and 1 (5%) were located in small intestine, mesentery and peritoneum, respectively. Male to female ratio was about 1:2. The size of MGIST ranged from 2.6 cm to 17.5 cm with a mean of 8.7 cm. All tumors density was inhomogeneous and heterogeneous enhancement. MGISTs with highly malignant located in small intestine were about 30% higher than stomach. The "satellite" tumours were found in 6 cases with high malignant risk. 7 cases were suffered from liver metastasis, and 4 cases went with seeding into the abdominal cavity, 1 cases went with lymph node metastasis. Histologically, 19 cases (95%) were of spindle cell type. Immunohistochemical stains demonstrated a strong positivity for both c-kit (CD117) and CD34s enhancement in 19 (95%). Conclusion: Clinical expression is varied in MGIST patients. Female might be predominance in MGIST. The GISTs located in small intestine would tend to be more aggressive. The satellite tumours, necrosis and cystic degeneration were strongly benefit for MGIST diagnosis. Furthermore, intestinal

  13. Regional distribution of synaptic markers and APP correlate with distinct clinicopathological features in sporadic and familial Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinohara, Mitsuru; Fujioka, Shinsuke; Murray, Melissa E; Wojtas, Aleksandra; Baker, Matthew; Rovelet-Lecrux, Anne; Rademakers, Rosa; Das, Pritam; Parisi, Joseph E; Graff-Radford, Neill R; Petersen, Ronald C; Dickson, Dennis W; Bu, Guojun

    2014-05-01

    Recent studies suggest that subcortical structures, including striatum, are vulnerable to amyloid-β accumulation and other neuropathological features in familial Alzheimer's disease due to autosomal dominant mutations. We explored differences between familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease that might shed light on their respective pathogenic mechanisms. To this end, we analysed 12 brain regions, including neocortical, limbic and subcortical areas, from post-mortem brains of familial Alzheimer's disease (n = 10; age at death: 50.0 ± 8.6 years) with mutations in amyloid precursor protein (APP) or presenilin 1 (PSEN1), sporadic Alzheimer's disease (n = 19; age at death: 84.7 ± 7.8 years), neurologically normal elderly without amyloid-β accumulation (normal ageing; n = 13, age at death: 82.9 ± 10.8 years) and neurologically normal elderly with extensive cortical amyloid-β deposits (pathological ageing; n = 15; age at death: 92.7 ± 5.9 years). The levels of amyloid-β₄₀, amyloid-β₄₂, APP, apolipoprotein E, the synaptic marker PSD95 (now known as DLG4), the astrocyte marker GFAP, other molecules related to amyloid-β metabolism, and tau were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. We observed that familial Alzheimer's disease had disproportionate amyloid-β₄₂ accumulation in subcortical areas compared with sporadic Alzheimer's disease, whereas sporadic Alzheimer's disease had disproportionate amyloid-β₄₂ accumulation in cortical areas compared to familial Alzheimer's disease. Compared with normal ageing, the levels of several proteins involved in amyloid-β metabolism were significantly altered in both sporadic and familial Alzheimer's disease; however, such changes were not present in pathological ageing. Among molecules related to amyloid-β metabolism, the regional distribution of PSD95 strongly correlated with the regional pattern of amyloid-β₄₂ accumulation in sporadic Alzheimer's disease and pathological ageing, whereas the

  14. Geographic Variation of Chronic Kidney Disease Prevalence: Correlation with the Incidence of Renal Cell Carcinoma or Urothelial Carcinoma?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yit-Sheung Yap

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether geographic variations in the prevalence of late-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD exist and are associated with incidence rates of renal cell carcinoma (RCC, upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC, or lower tract urothelial carcinoma (LTUC. Methods. Prevalence rates of late-stage CKD for 366 townships (n>30 in Taiwan were calculated for 1,518,241 and 1,645,151 subjects aged 40 years or older in years 2010 and 2009, respectively. Late-stage CKD prevalence in year 2010 was used as a training set and its age-adjusted standardized morbidity rates (ASMR were divided into three groups as defined <1.76%, 1.76% ≤ ASMR < 2.64%, and ≥2.64%, respectively. Year 2009, defined as the validation set, was used to validate the results. Results. The ASMR of late-stage CKD in years 2010 and 2009 were 1.76%, and 2.09%, respectively. Geographic variations were observed, with notably higher rates of disease in areas of the central, southwestern mountainside, and southeastern seaboard. There were no significant differences among different combined risk groups of RCC, UTUC, and LTUC incidence. Conclusion. The substantial geographic variations in the prevalence of late-stage CKD exist, but are not correlated with RCC, UTUC, or LTUC incidence.

  15. Expression of Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 (TTF-1) in Lung Carcinomas and Its Correlations with Apoptosis and Angiogenesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaoyan Bai; Hong Shen; Chunhui Zhou; Hao Wang

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the correlations between the expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and apoptosis and angiogenesis in lung carcinomas.METHODS A 829 microarray of the paraffin tissue chips was constructed, which contained 196 lung carcinomas, 10 normal lung tissues, and 1 muscular tissue. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) and immunohistochemical SP method were used to detect apoptosis and expression of TTF-1 and CD34 in different types of lung carcinomas. A Leica Q500 MC image analysis system was used to measure and calculate TTF-1 positive unit (PU), apoptotic index (AI) and microvessel density (MVD).RESULTS AI of lung small cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma were smaller than those of lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (P = 0.000). AI of lung carcinomas with lymph node metastases was smaller than that of those without (P = 0.039). AI of lung carcinomas in TNM stage I-W was smaller than that in stage Ⅰ (P = 0.008). The PU of the TTF-1 was negatively correlated with AI in small cell lung carcinoma (r = -0.752, P = 0.000). MVD of lung carcinomas without lymph node metastases was smaller than that of those with lymph node metastasis (P= 0.031). MVD of lung carcinomas in TNM stage Ⅰ was smaller than that in stage Ⅰ-Ⅳ (P -- 0.040). The PU of TTF-1 was positively correlated with MVD in lung adenocarcinoma (r = 0.708, P = 0.000).CONCLUSION There is a negative correlation between TTF-1 PU and AI in small cell lung carcinoma. TTF-1 PU and AI may be correlated with each other. There is a positive correlation between TTF-1 PU and MVD in lung adenocarcinoma. TTF-1 may induce the development of lung adenocarcinoma by inducing tumor angiogenesis.

  16. Renal cell carcinoma: histological classification and correlation with imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muglia, Valdair F., E-mail: fmuglia@fmrp.usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (CCIFM/FMRP/USP), Ribeirao Preto, SP (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias das Imagens e Fisica Medica. Faculdade de Medicina; Prando, Adilson [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil); Hospital Vera Cruz, Campinas, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Imaginologia

    2015-05-15

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the seventh most common histological type of cancer in the Western world and has shown a sustained increase in its prevalence. The histological classification of RCCs is of utmost importance, considering the significant prognostic and therapeutic implications of its histological subtypes. Imaging methods play an outstanding role in the diagnosis, staging and follow-up of RCC. Clear cell, papillary and chromophobe are the most common histological subtypes of RCC, and their preoperative radiological characterization, either followed or not by confirmatory percutaneous biopsy, may be particularly useful in cases of poor surgical condition, metastatic disease, central mass in a solitary kidney, and in patients eligible for molecular targeted therapy. New strategies recently developed for treating renal cancer, such as cryo and radiofrequency ablation, molecularly targeted therapy and active surveillance also require appropriate preoperative characterization of renal masses. Less common histological types, although sharing nonspecific imaging features, may be suspected on the basis of clinical and epidemiological data. The present study is aimed at reviewing the main clinical and imaging findings of histological RCC subtypes. (author)

  17. Expression of SOX2 in gastric carcinoma tissues and its clinicopathologic significance%SOX2在胃癌组织中的表达与临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淑贞; 许玲; 刘凤军; 宋燕燕; 薛凤华; 张建平

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the expression of SO×2 in gastric carcinoma and analyze its relationship with clinicopathologic characteristics. Methods:Tissue microarray and immunohis-tochemical methods were performed to detect the expression of SO×2 in 130 cases of gastric carcinoma and 20 cases normal gastric mucosa. Results:The positive expression rate of SO×2 in gastric carcinoma (67.7%) was obviously down regulated than in normal gastric mucosa (90.0%). The expression of SOX2 was not related to the age and sex of the patients, but significantly associated with histological type, differentiation, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage of the tumor. The statistical significance in the each group was assessed by P<0.05. Conclusion: The results suggest the expression of SO×2 is closely related to the genesis, invasion and metastasis of gastric carcinoma, and may provide a potential role for prognosis.%目的:探讨SOX2在胃癌组织中的表达情况及与临床病理特征的关系.方法:应用组织芯片技术及免疫组织化学PV-9000通用二步法检测130例胃癌组织及20例正常胃黏膜中SOX2的表达情况.结果:SOX2在胃癌组织中的阳性表达率(67.7%)低于较正常胃黏膜阳性率(90.0%,P<0.05).SOX2的表达与患者的年龄、性别无关,与肿瘤的组织学类型、分化程度、浸润深度、淋巴结转移及TNM分期相关,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:SOX2与胃癌的发生、浸润和转移过程有密切关系,可为胃癌早期诊断、治疗、预后判断提供依据.

  18. Expression of altered retinoblastoma protein inversely correlates with tumor invasion in gastric carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nan-Hua Chou; Hui-Chun Chen; Nan-Song Chou; Ping-I Hsu; Hui-Hwa Tseng

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the clinical and pathological significance of altered retinoblastoma (Rb) encoding protein (pRb) in gastric carcinoma.METHODS: Expression of altered pRb was analyzed in 91 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS: Sixty-five percent (59/91) of the tumors were positively stained and the staining in tumor nuclei of gastric carcinoma ranged 0%-90%. Moreover, strong expression of altered pRb was found in 35% (6/17),24% (5/21), 17% (8/46) and 0% (0/7) of T1, T2, T3 and T4 gastric carcinomas, respectively. Altered pRb expression was inversely correlated with the depth of tumor invasion (P = 0.047). Degree of immunoreactivity had no significant correlation with tumor grade, node metastasis and distant metastasis. In terms of prognostic significance, univariate analysis showed that poor differentiation [41 (66.1%) vs 34 (42.5%) P = 0.051],advanced tumor stage (P < 0.001) and weakly altered pRb expression [17 (80.5%) vs 58 (49.6%) P = 0.044]were associated with worse prognosis in these patients.However, multivariate analysis revealed that advanced tumor stage was the only independent poor prognostic factor (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: The mutation of Rb gene is frequent in gastric carcinoma. The expression of altered pRb inversely correlates with tumor invasion and is not an independent prognostic marker in gastric adenocarcinoma

  19. Neuroendocrine carcinomas arising in ulcerative colitis: coincidences or possible correlations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassia, Roberto; Bodini, Paolo; Dizioli, Paolo; Staiano, Teresa; Iiritano, Elena; Bianchi, Guglielmo; Buffoli, Federico

    2009-09-07

    Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of colorectal malignancies. Adenocarcinoma is the commonest type of colorectal neoplasm associated with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease, but other types of epithelial and non-epithelial tumors have also been described in inflamed bowel. With regards to non-epithelial malignancies, lymphomas and sarcomas represent the largest group of tumors reported in association with IBD, especially in immunosuppressed patients. Carcinoids and in particular neuroendocrine neoplasms other than carcinoids (NENs) are rare tumors and are infrequently described in the setting of IBD. Thus, this association requires further investigation. We report two cases of neoplasms arising in mild left-sided UC with immunohistochemical staining for neuroendocrine markers: a large cell and a small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the rectum. The two patients were different in age (35 years vs 77 years) and disease duration (11 years vs 27 years), and both had never received immunosuppressant drugs. Although the patients underwent regular endoscopic and histological follow-up, the two neoplasms were locally advanced at diagnosis. One of the two patients developed multiple liver metastases and died 15 mo after diagnosis. These findings confirm the aggressiveness and the poor prognosis of NENs compared to colorectal adenocarcinoma. While carcinoids seem to be coincidentally associated with IBD, NENs may also arise in this setting. In fact, long-standing inflammation could be directly responsible for the development of pancellular dysplasia involving epithelial, goblet, Paneth and neuroendocrine cells. It has yet to be established which IBD patients have a higher risk of developing NENs.

  20. Correlation between Dynamic Spiral-CT Enhancement Parameters and Tumor Angiogenesis in Renal Cell Carcinomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinhong Wang; Weixia Chen; Xiuhui Zhang; Pengqiu Min; Rongbo Liu; Hengxuan Yang

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To prospectively investigate the correlation between the enhancement parameters of a dynamic-CT (D-CT) scan for renal cell carcinomas (RCC) and the carcinoma tissue microvessel density (MVD) in renal cell carcinomas (RCC).METHODS Twenty-four cases of renal cell carcinoma verifyied by histopathology were scanned via dynamic-CT, followed by a whole kidney scan. Enhancement parameters were derived as follows .The slope of the contrast media uptake curve (S), area under the curve(AR), the density difference before and after tissue enhancement (△HU) and tissue blood ratio (TBR) were calculated for all lesions. Time-density curve types were ranked from the lowest to the highest of the slope of the contrast media uptake curve (S) as type A, B and C. Pathologic slides corresponding to the CT imagings were subjected to CD34 monoclonal antibodies, then were evaluated with an image analyzer to count hot spots of MVD. By using the Spearman rank correlation tests, statistical analysis was performed to determine the strength of the relationship between enhancement parameters and MVD determinations.RESULTS The carcinoma tissue MVD showed a direct correlation with the enhancement parameters of D-CT (r=0.54, r=0.62, r=0.55, r=0.64, r=0.44,P< 0.05). Moreover the S, △HU, TBR and type curves all demonstrated a strong correlation with the MVD. By analyzing the various enhancement parameters of the time-density curves, the relationship between the enhancement CT parameters corresponding to the tumor's MVD was identified.CONCLUSION A dynamic spiral-CT scan may be a helpful method as a measurement of tumor angiogenesis in vivo in RCC.

  1. Clinicopathological significance of abnormal metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids in colorectal cancer tissue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨凯

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between different tissue levels of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and the clinicopathologic parameters in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and evaluate their prognostic significance.Methods Fresh frozen malignant tissue was obtained from

  2. NR4A3 rearrangement reliably distinguishes between the clinicopathologically overlapping entities myoepithelial carcinoma of soft tissue and cellular extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flucke, Uta; Tops, Bastiaan B. J.; Verdijk, Marian A. J.; van Cleef, Patricia J. H.; van Zwam, Peter H.; Slootweg, Pieter J.; Bovee, Judith V. M. G.; Riedl, Robert G.; Creytens, David H.; Suurmeijer, Albert J. H.; Mentzel, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Myoepithelial carcinoma of soft tissue (MEC) and cellular extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (cEMC) share striking similarities. In this paper, we compare ten MECs with five cEMCs. MEC patients had an equal gender distribution. The age range was 15-76 years (mean, 42 years). Tumours were located on

  3. NR4A3 rearrangement reliably distinguishes between the clinicopathologically overlapping entities myoepithelial carcinoma of soft tissue and cellular extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flucke, U.; Tops, B.B.J.; Verdijk, M.A.J.; Cleef, P.J. van; Zwam, P.H. van; Slootweg, P.J.; Bovee, J.V.; Riedl, R.G.; Creytens, D.H.; Suurmeijer, A.J.H.; Mentzel, T.

    2012-01-01

    Myoepithelial carcinoma of soft tissue (MEC) and cellular extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (cEMC) share striking similarities. In this paper, we compare ten MECs with five cEMCs. MEC patients had an equal gender distribution. The age range was 15-76 years (mean, 42 years). Tumours were located on

  4. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary glands with major epithelial-myoepithelial component: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 3 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedassari, Bruno Tavares; Dos Santos, Harim Tavares; Mariano, Fernanda Viviane; da Silva Lascane, Nelise Alexandre; Altemani, Albina; Sousa, Suzana

    2015-06-01

    In the present study, 3 cases of very rare intraoral carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenomas showing a striking differentiation of the malignant component towards epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma were described. The tumors occurred in 2 men and 1 woman with median age of 56 years. Involved sites included palate and buccal mucosa. Two patients experienced local recurrences, of which one died of disease complications. In all cases, residual pleomorphic adenoma was present. The malignant component in all cases shared morphological aspects with epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. Those areas were characterized by eosinophilic duct-forming cells surrounded by layers of clear cells. The studied immunohistochemical markers highlighted a biphasic cell population. Duct-forming cells expressed pan-cytokeratin, cytokeratin 7, and focally cytokeratin 14, whereas the clear cell component strongly stained to cytokeratin 14, vimentin, and p63 but weakly stained to pan-cytokeratin and focally to α-smooth muscle actin, an immunophenotype compatible with both epithelial and myoepithelial differentiation. The Ki-67 proliferation index was up to 40% in malignant areas. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenomas of minor salivary glands with major epithelial-myoepithelial component are rare, locally aggressive, and potentially lethal tumors. The peculiar morphological and immunohistochemical aspects described may raise problems in diagnosis and classification of such cases, particularly in incisional biopsies.

  5. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the endometrium with pulmonary metastasis: A clinicopathologic study of a case and a brief review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio D'Antonio

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC of the female genital tract are aggressive and rare tumors that usually involve the cervix and ovary, and are seen rarely in the endometrium in perimenopausal or postmenopausal women. We presented a case of a73 year-old postmenopausal woman with vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain. A subsequent computerized tomography (CT scan of pelvis showed an enlarged uterus (20,0 × 12,0 cm with para-aortic and pelvic lymph node metastases. She underwent surgical debulking and staging of an endometrial tumor with omental metastasis and positive lymph nodes. The pathological diagnosis was primary small cell carcinoma (SCC combined with endometrioid carcinoma of uterine corpus. Her final FIGO stage was IVB. Three months after surgery CT-total body showed a metastasis to left lung of SCC. Because the small-cell component of endometrial tumor showed a strong positivity for TTF1 as pulmonary counterpart a differential diagnosis with a primary small cell carcinoma of the lung should be made. Identifying an appropriate therapeutic management for SCC of endometrium is challenging since these are extremely rare tumors. An optimal initial therapeutic approach to this rare disease, especially at an advanced stage, has not yet been clearly defined. However, in these a multidisciplinary therapy, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy represent until this time the only therapeutic option.

  6. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the endometrium with pulmonary metastasis: A clinicopathologic study of a case and a brief review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Antonio, Antonio; Addesso, Maria; Caleo, Alessia; Guida, Maurizio; Zeppa, Pio

    2015-01-01

    Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) of the female genital tract are aggressive and rare tumors that usually involve the cervix and ovary, and are seen rarely in the endometrium in perimenopausal or postmenopausal women. We presented a case of a73 year-old postmenopausal woman with vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain. A subsequent computerized tomography (CT) scan of pelvis showed an enlarged uterus (20,0 × 12,0 cm) with para-aortic and pelvic lymph node metastases. She underwent surgical debulking and staging of an endometrial tumor with omental metastasis and positive lymph nodes. The pathological diagnosis was primary small cell carcinoma (SCC) combined with endometrioid carcinoma of uterine corpus. Her final FIGO stage was IVB. Three months after surgery CT-total body showed a metastasis to left lung of SCC. Because the small-cell component of endometrial tumor showed a strong positivity for TTF1 as pulmonary counterpart a differential diagnosis with a primary small cell carcinoma of the lung should be made. Identifying an appropriate therapeutic management for SCC of endometrium is challenging since these are extremely rare tumors. An optimal initial therapeutic approach to this rare disease, especially at an advanced stage, has not yet been clearly defined. However, in these a multidisciplinary therapy, including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy represent until this time the only therapeutic option. PMID:26900464

  7. 鼻腔鼻窦鳞癌Skp2和E2F1的表达及临床意义%Expression of S-phase kinase associated protein 2 (Skp2) and E2F1 and its clinicopathological significance with rhinosinus squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李友忠; 卢永德; 杨新明; 曾益慈; 彭安全

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究鼻腔鼻窦鳞状细胞癌和慢性鼻窦炎组织中Skp2和E2F1表达及其临床病理意义.方法 49例鼻腔鼻窦鳞状细胞癌、28例慢性鼻窦炎组织常规制作石蜡包埋切片,Spk2和E2F1免疫组化染色.结果 鼻腔鼻窦鳞状细胞癌Skp2和E2F1表达阳性率及其评分明显高于慢性鼻窦炎组织(P3 cm、有淋巴结转移及已超出鼻腔鼻窦侵犯周围组织的病例(临床分型T3N1M0、T3N2M0),两者差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);鼻腔鼻窦鳞状细胞癌组织中Skp2和E2F1表达呈正相关(r=0.623,P<0.01).结论 Skp2和E2F1表达可能是反映鼻腔鼻窦鳞状细胞癌发生、进展、生物学行为和预后的重要生物学标记物.%Objective To study the clinicopathological significance of Skp2 and E2F1 in the rhinosinus squamous cell carcinoma and chronic sinusitis. Methods Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression of Skp2 and E2F1 in the routinely paraffin-embed-ded sections of specimens from patients with rhinosinus squamoas cell carcinoma (n=49), chronic sinusitis (n=28). Results The expres-sive positive rates and scores of Skp2 and E2F1 in rhinosinus sqnamous cell carcinoma were significantly higher than those in chronic sinusitis (P<0.01). The expression positive rates and scores were significantly decreased in middle-differentiated rhinosinus squamous cell carcino-ma. The maximal diameter of mass was less than 3cm, and no-metastasis of lymphnode or no-infiltration of regional rhinosinus can be found in T1N0M0. While in the low-differentiated rhinosinus squamous cell carcinoma, the maximal diameter of mass was larger than 3cm, and metasta-sis of lymphnode or infiltration of regional rhinosinus can be found(T3N1M0,T3N2M0) (P<0.01). The closely positive correlation was found between the expression of Skp2 and E2F1 in the rhinosinus squamoas cell carcinoma. Conclusions Skp2 and E2F1 might be important biologi-cal markers for carcinogenesis, progression, biological behaviors

  8. 病变长度对淋巴结阴性食管癌患者的临床病理及预后影响%Effect of tumor length on clinicopathologied and prognosis of node-negative esophageal carcinoma patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵明雯; 陈亮; 李红霞; 马兰; 束永前; 刘连科

    2014-01-01

    clinicopathology and prognosis of node-negative esophageal carcinoma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the tumor length on clinicopathology and prognosis of node-negative esophageal carcinoma patients.Methods:The clinicopathological characteristics and survival time of 686 node-negative esophageal carcinoma patients, conifrmed by surgical pathology specimens in the First Afifliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2010, were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off value was determined by decision tree model. Univariate and multivariate methods were used to analyze the prognostic factors of node-negative esophageal carcinoma patients.Results:In decision tree analysis, esophageal tumor length was correlated with an increasing hazard ratio for death with a cut-off value at 3 cm. No signiifcant differences were found in gender, onset age, lesion site and pathological type between 2 groups which were patients with tumor length≤3 cm and tumor length >3 cm (P>0.05). The only 1 difference between 2 groups was T stage (P3 cm were 95.7%, 84.4%, 76.1% and 88.3%, 57.8%, 46.5% respectively, and the difference was statistically signiifcant (P3 cm as T3. Tumor length is an important prognostic factor for esophageal carcinoma patients without lymphatic metastasis.

  9. Clinicopathologic features of 8 patients with pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma and literature review%肺肉瘤样癌8例临床病理特征并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯文华; 张冠军; 高宇明; 蔡凤梅

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析肺肉瘤样癌的临床病理特征,提高对其的认识。方法回顾性分析8例肺肉瘤样癌患者的临床病理资料与免疫组织化学特征,并复习相关文献。结果8例患者中,男5例,女3例,年龄48~62岁,平均58岁,临床主要表现为咳嗽、咳痰、痰中带血、胸痛。组织学类型为多形性癌,梭形细胞癌,诊断时病理分期多为Ⅱ~Ⅲ期,免疫组织化学检查可见vimentin和上皮性标记物(CKpan,CK7,EMA等)共表达。8例均行根治性切除术,术后规范化疗5例,中位生存期为12个月。结论肺肉瘤样癌是肺少见的恶性肿瘤,临床表现无特异性,诊断依赖术后大标本病理组织学检查及免疫组织化学检查辅助,并需与多种疾病鉴别。治疗多采用手术为主的综合性治疗,但化疗的益处及预后因子尚有争议,有待进一步研究。%Objective To improve the cognition of pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) by analyzing the clinico-pathologic features of PSC. Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathologic data and immunohistochemical feature of 8 patients with PSC and reviewed related literatures. Results 8 patients included 5 males and 3 females. The mean age of the patients was 58 years(ranged from 48 to 62 years). The main clinical symptoms was cough, sputum, bloody sputum,chest pain. The histological type was classified as pleomorphic carcinoma(PC),spindle cell carcinoma(SCC), the pathological stage was al-most II~Ⅲ stage. In these tumors,the expression of vimentin and epithelial markers (CKpan,CK7,EMA etc.) can be detected by immunohistochemical staining. 8 patients achieved a radical resection. Among these patients ,5 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy regularly,and their median survival time was 12 months. Conclusion PSC is a rarely histologic subtype of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). Compared with other NSCLC,there is no special clinical manifestation of PSC. Its

  10. Leptin receptor expression during the progression of endometrial carcinoma is correlated with estrogen and progesterone receptors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez-López, Luis Fernando; Zavala-Pompa, Angel; Cortés-Gutiérrez, Elva I.; Cerda-Flores, Ricardo M.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The hormone leptin, which is produced in the adipose tissue, may influence tumorigenesis directly via its receptor (Ob-R). Thus, a role for Ob-R in endometrial carcinogenesis has been proposed. However, most studies neither included samples of the entire histological progression of endometrial carcinoma nor examined Ob-R jointly with the estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR, respectively). Material and methods To determine the fluctuations of Ob-R, ER, and PR during the histological progression of endometrial carcinoma, we assessed their expression via immunohistochemistry (IHC) in six histological types of endometrium (proliferative, secretory, nonatypical and atypical hyperplasia, and endometrioid and nonendometrioid endometrial carcinoma), in which we performed histopathological and digital scoring for the quantification of receptors. Results We found that Ob-R expression was positively correlated with that of ER and PR (r = 1, p hyperplasias, and carcinomas, according to their relative digitally scored Ob-R expression (p endometrial carcinogenesis in correlation with ER and PR, suggesting that Ob-R expression in vivo is highly dependent on estrogen and progesterone activities in the endometrium and on its ER and PR status, as suggested previously by in vitro studies. PMID:28144276

  11. Tumor cyclooxygenase-2 levels correlate with tumor invasiveness in human hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Terence C. Tang; Ronnie T. Poon; Cecilia P. Lau; Dan Xie; Sheung Tat Fan

    2005-01-01

    AIM: Recent studies suggested that cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) enhances tumor angiogenesis via upregulationof vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). AlthoughCOX-2 expression has been demonstrated in hepatocellularcarcinoma (HCC), the significance of COX-2 in progressionof HCC remains unclear. This study evaluated the clinico-pathological correlation of COX-2 level and its relationshipwith VEGF level in HCC.METHODS: Fresh tumor tissues were obtained from 100patients who underwent resection of HCC. COX-2 proteinexpression was examined by immunohistochemistry, andquantitatively by an enzyme immunometric assay (EIA)of tumor cytosolic COX-2 levels. Tumor cytosolic VEGFlevels were measured by an ELISA.RESULTS: Immunostaining showed expression of COX-2in tumor cells. Tumor cytosolic COX-2 levels correlatedwith VEGF levels (r = 0.469, P<0.001). Correlation withclinicopathological features showed significantly highertumor cytosolic COX-2 levels in the presence of multipletumors (P = 0.027), venous invasion (P = 0.030),microsatellite lesions (P = 0.037) and advanced tumorstage (P = 0.008). Higher tumor cytosolic COX-2 levelswere associated with worse patient survival.CONCLUSION: This study shows that elevated tumorCOX-2 levels correlate with elevated VEGF levels andinvasiveness in HCC, suggesting that COX-2 plays a significantrole in the progression of HCC.

  12. Synchronous clear cell renal cell carcinoma and multilocular cystic renal cell neoplasia of low malignant potential: A clinico-pathologic and molecular study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raspollini, Maria Rosaria; Castiglione, Francesca; Cheng, Liang; Montironi, Rodolfo; Lopez-Beltran, Antonio

    2016-05-01

    We report a rare case of synchronous clear cell renal cell carcinoma and multilocular cystic renal cell neoplasia of low malignant potential in the same kidney. The tumors were seen incidentally in a 45-year-old man. Pathologic study revealed that the former tumor was nucleolar grade 2, and the multilocular cystic renal cell neoplasia of low malignant potential was nucleolar grade 1. At immunohistochemistry, the clear cells in both tumors were positive for CD10 and CA IX. Interestingly, these uncommon synchronous tumors showed a different KRAS/NRAS mutation analysis that was characterized by KRAS mutation at codon p.G12C in the clear cell renal cell carcinoma, while this mutation was not present in the case of multilocular cystic renal cell neoplasia of low malignant potential. NRAS mutation was not seen in any of the tumors.

  13. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast: a clinicopathological analysis of 18 cases%乳腺腺样囊性癌18例临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐炼; 魏兵; 步宏; 王剑威; 张璋; 陈卉娇; 张红英; 陈敏

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To shirty the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features and differential diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast. Methods 18 patients with breast adenoid cystic carcinoma were studied by means of clinical and follow-up data, light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Results All 18 patients of breast adenoid cystic carcinoma were female, age from 29 -80. The tumor comprised of cribriform, trabecular-tubular and solid structures. All glandular epithelium expressed CK7, CK5/6 and CD117, myoepithelium expressed SMA and p63, basal-like cell expressed CK, p63 and CD117 at different levels. 2 patients were confirmed local recurrence. All patients were alive during the follow-up. Conclusions Breast adenoid cystic carcinoma is a kind of morphologically heterogeneous neoplasm. The glandular epithelium, myoepithelium and basal-like cell have distinct immunohistochemical characteristics. The solid variant of mammary adenoid cystic carcinoma with basaloid features is maybe more aggressive.%目的 探讨乳腺腺样囊性癌(adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast,ACC)的临床病理特征、免疫表型及其鉴别诊断.方法 复习18例ACC的临床病理资料,观察肿瘤的组织形态学及免疫表型特点.同时对患者进行随访获取预后信息.结果 18例ACC患者均为女性,年龄29~80岁.肿瘤大体上多界限清楚,镜下呈浸润性生长,主要由筛状、管状-梁索状、实体和微囊结构组成.肿瘤成分包括腺上皮、肌上皮、基底样细胞和细胞外基质.肿瘤的腺上皮成分表达CK7、CK5/6和CD117,肌上皮成分表达SMA和p63,基底样细胞不同程度表达CK5/6、p63和CD117.随访期内有2例患者肿瘤局部复发,无患者死亡.结论 ACC是一组具有形态学异质性的肿瘤,其腺上皮、肌上皮和基底样细胞成分的免疫表型各有特点,联合运用CK7、CK5/6、p63、SMA和CD117有助于诊断与鉴别诊断.ACC预后良好,具有基底

  14. Clinicopathologic Analysis of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis with Tiny Papillary Carcinoma and Review of the Literature%桥本甲状腺炎伴微小乳头状癌临床病理分析合并文献复习

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊; 韩双; 许春伟; 姜春婷; 张博; 邵云; 王怀涛; 吴永芳; 王海艳; 李晓兵

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinicopathological characteristics and diagnostic criteria of hashimoto's thyroiditis with tiny papillary carcinoma.Methods Clinical data,histopathologic observation and immunohistochemical staining were stud-ied in 1 case of hashimoto's thyroiditis with tiny papillary carcinoma,and to explore its diagnosis and differential diagnosis com-bined with literatures.Results This was a female patient,48 years old,with bilateral thyroid neoplasm resection after the neck neoplasm through physical examination.Intraoperative frozen examination outcomes revealed hashimoto's thyroiditis with micro-scopically tiny papillary carcinoma in the right lobe thyroid,and the diameter was less than 2 mm.Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor cells were diffuse or focal positive in CK19,Galectin-3,RET and negative in TPO.Conclusion Hashimoto's thyroiditis is easy to ignore,therefore clinicians should raise awareness of the disease and be careful in pathologic examination in order to avoid misdiagnosis.%目的:探讨桥本甲状腺炎伴微小乳头状癌的临床病理学特点及诊断要点。方法对1例桥本甲状腺炎伴微小乳头状癌进行临床资料、病理形态学及免疫组化分析,并结合文献对其诊断及鉴别诊断进行探讨。结果患者女性,48岁,因体检发现颈部肿物行双侧甲状腺肿物切除术,术中冰冻检查结果示右叶甲状腺下极桥本甲状腺炎伴镜下微小乳头状癌,直径<2 mm。免疫组化结果示:CK19、Galectin-3、RET弥漫阳或灶阳;TPO阴性。结论桥本甲状腺炎伴微小乳头状癌易被忽视,提高对桥本甲状腺炎伴微小乳头状癌的认识,并在病理检查中认真仔细,对避免漏诊是至关重要的。

  15. Correlation between PTEN Expression and PI3K/Akt Signal Pathway in Endometrial Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qinglei GAO; Fei YE; Xi XIA; Hui XING; Yunping LU; Jianfeng ZHOU; Ding MA

    2009-01-01

    In order to investigate the role of the PTEN expression in carcinogenesis and develop-ment of endometrial carcinoma and clarify whether and how PTEN and PI3K/Akt pathway relate to endometrial carcinoma,the expression of PTEN and phospho-Akt was detected by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods and Western-blot from 24 cases of endomctrial carcinoma,10 cases of endometrial atypical hyperplasia,10 cases of endometrial hy-perplasia,and 10 cases of normal endometrium.SP immunohistochemical methods were used to measure levels of PTEN protein expression in following 5 study groups:31 cases of endometrium in proliferative phase,30 cases of endometrium in secretory phase,71 cases of endometrial hyperplasia,25 cases of atypical hyperplasia and 73 cases of endometrial carcinoma.Immunostaining score of PTEN was 3.39±0.15 in proliferative phase,1.90±0.21 in secretory phase,3.34~0.29 in endometrial hyperplasia,0.624±0.11 in atypical hyperplasia,and 0.74±0.19 in endometrial carcinoma,respectively.PTEN mRNA relative value in normal endometrium,endometrial hyperplasia,endometrial atypical hyperplasia,and endometrial carcinoma was 2.45±0.51,2.32±0.32,0.46±0.11,and 0.35±0.13 respec-tively.The expression levels of PTEN mRNA and protein in patients with endometrial carcinoma and atypical hyperplasia were significantly lower than in those of proliferative phase and with endo-metrial hyperplasia.The level of PTEN expression in patients with endometrial carcinoma was sig-nificantly related to tissue type (P0.05).Western blot analysis revealed that Phospho-Akt level in PTEN negative cases was significantly higher,and there was a negative correlation between PTEN and phospho-Akt (r=- 0.8973,P<0.0001).It was suggested that loss of PTEN expression was an early event in endometrial tumorigenesis.The phosphorylation of Akt induced by the loss of PTEN took part in the tumorigenesis and development of endometrial carcinoma.

  16. Detection of long non-coding RNA in archival tissue: correlation with polycomb protein expression in primary and metastatic breast carcinoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen M Chisholm

    Full Text Available A major function of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs is regulating gene expression through changes in chromatin state. Experimental evidence suggests that in cancer, they can influence Polycomb Repressive Complexes (PRC to retarget to an occupancy pattern resembling that of the embryonic state. We have previously demonstrated that the expression level of lncRNA in the HOX locus, including HOTAIR, is a predictor of breast cancer metastasis. In this current project, RNA in situ hybridization of probes to three different lncRNAs (HOTAIR, ncHoxA1, and ncHoxD4, as well a immunohistochemical staining of EZH2, is undertaken in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissues in a high throughput tissue microarray format to correlate expression with clinicopathologic features. Though overall EZH2 and HOTAIR expression levels were highly correlated, the subset of cases with strong HOTAIR expression correlated with ER and PR positivity, while the subset of cases with strong EZH2 expression correlated with an increased proliferation rate, ER and PR negativity, HER2 underexpression, and triple negativity. Co-expression of HOTAIR and EZH2 trended with a worse outcome. In matched primary and metastatic cancers, both HOTAIR and EZH2 had increased expression in the metastatic carcinomas. This is the first study to show that RNA in situ hybridization of formalin fixed paraffin-embedded clinical material can be used to measure levels of long non-coding RNAs. This approach offers a method to make observations on lncRNAs that may influence the cancer epigenome in a tissue-based technique.

  17. Gallbladder carcinoma in the "Hospital de Clinicas" of Uruguay: 1998-2002. A clinicopathologic study of five cases in 802 cholecystectomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barcia, Juan José; Rodríguez, Ana; Siri, Leonardo; Masllorens, Ana; Szwebel, Patricia; Acosta, Gisĕle

    2004-02-01

    Five cases of primary carcinoma of the gallbladder are presented. The cases were identified after a study of 802 cholecystectomies in a period of 5 years. The patients are three women and two men between the ages of 43 and 60 years (mean, 55.8 years). In three cases the clinical diagnosis was that of carcinoma, while in two other patients the clinical diagnosis was that of acute cholecystitis. Grossly, all cases were characterized by a gray-white diffuse or focal plaque-like thickening of the gallbladder wall, with loss of the normal velvety mucosal surface and fibrosis of the organ. Histologically, four cases belong to moderately to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and were characterized by infiltrative, irregularly shaped and sized glands, islands, nests, and cords. The cells showed pleomorphic nuclei with clumped chromatin and frequent single nucleoli. One case was a mucinous adenocarcinoma characterized by large pools of mucoid material with neoplastic glands and cells "floating" within. Pathologic staging was pT3 in three cases; pT2 in one case; and pT2N1 in one other case. The present study highlights the importance of careful gross and histopathologic evaluation of gallbladders otherwise removed with the history of chronic or acute cholecystitis. In addition, it highlights the incidence of gallbladder carcinoma in a particular institution.

  18. Genomic Correlates of Immune-Cell Infiltrates in Colorectal Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marios Giannakis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale genomic characterization of tumors from prospective cohort studies may yield new insights into cancer pathogenesis. We performed whole-exome sequencing of 619 incident colorectal cancers (CRCs and integrated the results with tumor immunity, pathology, and survival data. We identified recurrently mutated genes in CRC, such as BCL9L, RBM10, CTCF, and KLF5, that were not previously appreciated in this disease. Furthermore, we investigated the genomic correlates of immune-cell infiltration and found that higher neoantigen load was positively associated with overall lymphocytic infiltration, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs, memory T cells, and CRC-specific survival. The association with TILs was evident even within microsatellite-stable tumors. We also found positive selection of mutations in HLA genes and other components of the antigen-processing machinery in TIL-rich tumors. These results may inform immunotherapeutic approaches in CRC. More generally, this study demonstrates a framework for future integrative molecular epidemiology research in colorectal and other malignancies.

  19. Papillary renal cell carcinoma: correlation of tumor grade and histologic characteristics with clinical outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornejo, Kristine M; Dong, Fei; Zhou, Amy G; Wu, Chin-Lee; Young, Robert H; Braaten, Kristina; Sadow, Peter M; Nielsen, G P; Oliva, Esther

    2015-10-01

    Histologic prognostic parameters in papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) are unclear. The aims were to review the clinicopathological features of PRCC, including Fuhrman grade and International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) nucleolar grade, and to identify parameters that may be independent prognostic indicators. PRCCs in patients treated by nephrectomy were retrieved from the pathology files from 1984 to 2010. Parameters studied included tumor multifocality, size, PRCC type (1 or 2), Fuhrman grade, ISUP nucleolar grade, presence of necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, and stage at presentation. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were used as prognostic measures. Of 154 PRCCs, 112 (73%) were type 1, and 42 (27%), type 2. A total of 125 patients were male, and 29, female, with ages from 26 to 86 (mean, 62.7) years. Fuhrman grade was 1 in 8 (5%), 2 in 95 (62%), 3 in 49 (32%), and 4 in 2 (1%) tumors, respectively. ISUP nucleolar grade was 1 in 47 (31%), 2 in 56 (36%), 3 in 49 (32%), and 4 in 2 (1%) tumors, respectively. Mean follow-up interval was 73.9 months (0.13-222 months). ISUP nucleolar grade was a significant predictor of both CSS and OS in univariate (CSS, P = .001; OS, P = .004) and multivariate (CSS, P = .04; OS, P = .008) analyses, whereas Fuhrman grade was only predictive of CSS in univariate (P = .001) and multivariate (P = .04) analyses. Only ISUP nucleolar grade and lymphovascular invasion were independently prognostic for CSS and OS in univariate and multivariate analyses. Therefore, the ISUP nucleolar grade appears to be superior in predicting survival in patients with PRCC.

  20. Clinicopathologic characteristics of familial versus sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma%家族性与散发性甲状腺乳头状癌的临床病理特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁冀望; 李振东; 李树春; 黄波; 刘宏伟; 李延国

    2015-01-01

    目的 分析探讨家族性甲状腺乳头状癌(familial papillary thyroid carcinoma,FPTC)与散发性甲状腺乳头状癌(sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma,SPTC)的临床病理特征.方法 回顾性分析2008年1月至2014年8月辽宁省肿瘤医院诊治的7个家系20例FPTC患者的临床病理资料,按比例随机抽取同期治疗的85例SPTC患者临床病理资料作为对照组.采用t检验和x2检验进行统计学分析.结果 纳入的FPTC患者占同期收治甲状腺癌总例数的1.3% (20/1 587),其中男8例,女12例,中位发病年龄37岁,14例FPTC为同胞关系,6例为亲子关系.与SPTC组相比,FPTC组患者易伴发桥本病(P<0.01)和结节性甲状腺肿(P=0.04),两组在双侧发病(P<0.01)、多癌灶(P<0.0l)、病理亚型(P<0.01)、中央区淋巴结转移(P=0.02)方面差异均有统计学意义.具有同胞关系和亲子关系的FPTC患者术前促甲状腺激素水平(P=0.02)、伴发桥本病方面的差异有统计学意义(P=0.01).结论 FPTC可能具有更高的侵袭性,具有同胞关系和亲子关系的FPTC患者也存在不同的临床特征.对于有家族聚集性倾向的家系应早筛查,建议一级亲属长期随诊,对患者采取积极的治疗策略以争取较好的治疗效果.%Objective To investigated the clinicopathologic features of familial papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) compared to sporadic PTC.Methods Between January 2008 and August 2014,20 patients who underwent surgery at Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute were diagnosed with familial PTC.We compared the clinicopathologic characteristics between familial PTC and sporadic PTC.Results The prevalence of familial PTC was 1.3% (20/1 587).The median age of patients at diagnosis was 37 years and there were 12 females and 8 males.Thirty percent of the familial PTC cases exhibited a parentoffspring relationship,and 70% exhibited a sibling relationship.There were significant differences between familial PTC and sporadic PTC in

  1. Correlation between Grade in Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC and Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR Jallali Nadoushan

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The present study was undertaken to investigate the correlation of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR expression with grade of Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC. Methods: Tumor samples of 75 patients from Mostafa Khomaini Hospital with Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the bladder were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for expression of EGFR. In this context, we assigned the bladder tumors a grade accord¬ing WHO classification. Results analyzed for possible correlation with the expression status of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR. Results: This cross-sectional study showed that all grades of Transitional Cell Carcinoma expressed EGFR, and 14 cases were LMP (18.9% which 10 cases among them had negative cells according EGFR point of view(71.4% and 4 cases had re¬ported positive (28.6%. Thirty five cases were low grade (46.7% which 18 cases among them had reported negative cells (51.4% and 17 cases had positive cells (48.6%. Twenty six cases were high grade (34.7% that 9 cases among them had reported negative cells (34.6%. Seventeen cases had positive cells (65.4%. Mann-Witney test showed relation between grade and expression of EGFR (P<0.05. Conclusions: This study showed that expression of EGFR is correlated with grade of tumor.

  2. Aberrant expressions of c-KIT and DOG-1 in mucinous and nonmucinous colorectal carcinomas and relation to clinicopathologic features and prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foda, Abd Al-Rahman Mohammad; Mohamed, Mie Ali

    2015-10-01

    c-KIT and DOG-1 are 2 highly expressed proteins in gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Few studies had investigated c-KIT, but not DOG-1, expression in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). This study aims to investigate expressions of c-KIT and DOG-1 in colorectal mucinous carcinoma and nonmucinous carcinoma using manual tissue microarray technique. In this work, we studied tumor tissue specimens from 150 patients with colorectal mucinous (MA) and nonmucinous adenocarcinoma (NMA). High-density manual tissue microarrays were constructed using modified mechanical pencil tip technique, and immunohistochemistry for c-KIT and DOG-1 was done. We found that aberrant c-KIT expression was detected in 12 cases (8%); 6 cases (4%) showed strong expression. Aberrant DOG-1 expression was detected in 15 cases (10%); among them, only 4 cases (2.7%) showed strong expression. Nonmucinous adenocarcinoma showed a significantly high expression of c-KIT, but not DOG-1, than MA. Aberrant c-KIT and DOG-1 expressions were significantly unrelated but were associated with excessive microscopic abscess formation. Neither c-KIT nor DOG-1 expression showed a significant impact on disease-free survival or overall survival. In conclusion, aberrant c-KIT and DOG-1 expressions in CRC are rare events, either in NMA or MA. Nonmucinous adenocarcinoma showed a significantly higher expression of c-KIT, but not DOG-1, than MA. The expressions of both in CRC are significantly unrelated but are associated with microscopic abscess formation. Neither c-KIT nor DOG-1 expression showed a significant impact on disease-free survival or overall survival. So, c-KIT and DOG-1 immunostaining is not a cost-effective method of identifying patients with CRC who may benefit from treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

  3. Clinicopathological analysis of 42 cases of thyroid papillary carcinoma%42例甲状腺乳头状癌临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of thyroid papillary carcinoma, pathology, diagnosis and differential diagnosis.Methods From 2009 to 2013 in our hospital diagnosis of the clinical data of 42 patients with thyroid papillary carcinoma and pathological data were retrospectively analyzed.Results Papillary thyroid cancer in women, change,characteristic of pathological diagnosis relies mainly on the nuclear nucleus, nucleus overlap, ground-glass opacity,within the nucleus shape is irregular, nuclear, false inclusions, Attention should be paid to follicular adenoma and nodular goiter or areas of cystic papillary hyperplasia nodule identification .Conclusion Thyroid papillary carcinoma can occur at any age, women see more;Pathological diagnosis relies mainly on the characteristic of the nuclear change.%目的:探讨甲状腺乳头状癌临床特点、病理学诊断及鉴别诊断。方法对我院2009年至2013年诊断的42例甲状腺乳头状癌患者的临床资料及病理资料进行回顾性分析。结果甲状腺乳头状癌以女性多见;病理诊断主要依靠核的特征性改变,核大、核重叠、毛玻璃样核、核外形不规则、核沟、核内假包涵体;应注意与结节性甲状腺肿或滤泡性腺瘤囊性变区乳头状增生结节鉴别。结论甲状腺乳头状癌可以发生于任何年龄,女性多见;病理学诊断主要依靠特征性的核改变。

  4. Clinicopathological evaluation of abnormal uterine bleeding in perimenopausal women

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    Lithingo Lotha

    2016-09-01

    Conclusions: Clinicopathological evaluation of AUB showed that fibroid uterus followed by DUB is the most common cause in perimenopausal women. Occurrences of endometrial hyperplasia increases in perimenopause which is of great value as it is a forerunner of carcinoma. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(9.000: 3072-3074

  5. Nuclear BMI-1 expression in laryngeal carcinoma correlates with lymph node pathological status

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    Allegra Eugenia

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The main cause of treatment failure and death in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma is metastasis to the regional lymph nodes. The current clinical staging criteria fail to differentiate patients with occult metastasis from patients without metastasis. Identifying molecular markers of the disease might improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and development of laryngeal carcinoma and may help improve clinical staging and treatment. Methods Sixty-four previously untreated patients who underwent surgical excision of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma with neck dissection were included in this study. The expression of B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI-1 was examined immunohistochemically on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded primary tissue specimens. Results Nuclear expression of BMI-1 (nBMI-1 was detected in 32 of the 64 tumors (50%, cytoplasmic expression of BMI-1 (cBMI-1 was detected in 22 (34.4%, and 10 tumors (15.6% showed no BMI-1 immunoreactivity. High nBMI-1 expression levels (≥10 were detected in 28 of the 32 (87.5% nBMI-1-positive patients. Multivariate analysis including age at diagnosis, grade, tumor location, TNM status, and nBMI-1 expression showed that a high nBMI-1 expression level was an independent prognostic factor for lymph node metastasis. Conclusion The expression of BMI-1 in patients with laryngeal carcinoma seems to correlate with lymph node metastasis.

  6. Correlation between PET/CT results and histological and immunohistochemical findings in breast carcinomas

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    Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective To correlate the results of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT performed with a specific protocol for assessment of breasts with histological/immunohistochemical findings in breast carcinoma patients. Materials and Methods Cross-sectional study with prospective data collection, where patients with biopsy-confirmed breast carcinomas were studied. The patients underwent PET/CT examination in prone position, with a specific protocol for assessment of breasts. PET/CT findings were compared with histological and immunohistochemical data. Results The authors identified 59 malignant breast lesions in 50 patients. The maximum diameter of the lesions ranged from 6 to 80 mm (mean: 32.2 mm. Invasive ductal carcinoma was the most common histological type (n = 47; 79.7%. At PET/CT, 53 (89.8% of the lesions demonstrated anomalous concentrations of 18F-FDG, with maximum SUV ranging from 0.8 to 23.1 (mean: 5.5. A statistically significant association was observed between higher values of maximum SUV and histological type, histological grade, molecular subtype, tumor diameter, mitotic index and Ki-67 expression. Conclusion PET/CT performed with specific protocol for assessment of breasts has demonstrated good sensitivity and was associated with relevant histological/immunohistochemical factors related to aggressiveness and prognosis of breast carcinomas.

  7. Clinicopathological Significance of Mucin 2 Immunohistochemical Expression in Colorectal Cancer:A Meta-Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Li; Pei-lin Huang; Xiao-jin Yu; Xiao-dong Bu

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the association between mucin 2 (MUC2) expression and clinicopathological characters of colorectal cancer.Methods:A literature search was performed on December 31,2010 according to defined selection criteria.We evaluated the correlation between MUC2 (detected by immunohistochemistry) and clinicopathological characters of colorectal cancer.According to the tumor histological type,differentiation,location and TNM staging of colorectal carcinoma,we divided the clinicopathological characteristics into different subgroups.Fixed and random effects models were applied for estimation of the summarized risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (Cls) in different subgroups.Finally,forest plots and funnel plots were created to allow for visual comparison of the results or the effect of publication bias.Results:According with the inclusive criteria,fourteen studies (n=1,558) were eligible for the meta-analysis.We observed a trend towards a correlation of MUC2 higher positivity in mucinous than non-mucinous carcinoma (RR,2.10;95% Cl,1.30-3.40; P=0.002) and less positivity in distal than proximal colon (RR,0.74; 95% Cl,0.64-0.85; P=0.000).There was no statistically significance for the association between MUC2 expression and differentiation or TNM staging of colorectal cancer,but MUC2 overexpression tended to be associated with the presence of T stage tumor (RR,1.17;P=0.052).Conclusion:MUC2 overexpression was associated with the mucinous and proximal colorectal cancer.

  8. Clinicopathologic characteristics of signet ring cell carcinoma in T1 gastric cancer%T1期胃印戒细胞癌的临床病理学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健; 任刚; 蔡嵘; 赵建溪; 郭辰; 李华莉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze clinicopathologic characteristics of early signet ring cell carcinoma(SRC),and to differentiate the tumor with other histologic types in T1 gastric cancer.Methods A retrospective analysis was undertaken for 255 patients with early gastric cancer who had experienced curative gastrectomy or endoscopic biopsy. Among them,27 patients had SRC.Results The patients with early SRC (50.7±2.2)y was much younger than the T1 gastric cancer of the poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (57.3±1.42)y and tubular adenocarcinoma (60.6±1.0) y(P 0.05).There were no significant difference of tumor size among early SRC,poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and tubular adenocarcinoma (P >0.05).In early SRC,there was no significance difference in lymph node metastasis according to depth of invasion (P > 0.05 ). Conclusion In early gastric cancer, SRC is a distinct type of gastric carcinoma in terms of clinicopathologic characteristics,which may have some value in the treatment strategy and prognosis assessment.%目的:探讨早期胃印戒细胞癌(SRC)的临床与病理特点,及与其他组织学类型的早期胃癌的鉴别。方法回顾性分析255例经手术病理或内镜活检证实的 T1期胃癌患者(其中27例 SRC)的临床及病理资料。结果T1期胃癌中,SRC 的平均年龄为(50.7±2.2)岁,明显低于管状腺癌(60.6±1.0)岁及低分化腺癌(57.3±1.4)岁(P 0.05)。T1期伴有淋巴结转移的 SRC 患者的比例(18.5%),高于管状腺癌组(12.1%),与低分化腺癌组(17.2%)相仿(P >0.05)。SRC 组病灶的最大径与低分化腺癌组及管状腺癌组差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。SRC 组 T1a 期患者的淋巴结转移率(15.0%)与 T1b 期(28.6%)差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。结论早期 SRC 具有一定的临床病理特征,有助于指导临床治疗及判断预后。

  9. Lymph node micrometastasis and its correlation with MMP-2 expression in gastric carcinoma

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    Ze-Yu Wu; Jing-Hua Li; Wen-Hua Zhan; Yu-Long He

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To examine matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2)expression in gastric cancer tissues and to evaluate its relationship with lymph node micrometastasis.MATERIALS: The authors studied 850 lymph nodes resected from 30 patients with gastric carcinoma who underwent gastrectomy with lymphadenetomy using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)assay in addition to H-E staining. MMP-2 expression of the tumor tissues was detected by immunohistochemical technique (EliVisionTM plus).RESULTS: MMP-2 expression was positive in 21 (70%)cases and negative in 9 (30%) cases. No significant correlations were found between MMP-2 expression and other variables such as age, gender, tumor location,tumor diameter, Lauren classification and lymphatic invasion. In contrast, MMP-2 expression correlated significantly with depth of tumor infiltration (P =0.022), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.030) and tumor differentiation (P = 0.043). Lymph node micrometastases were detected in 77 (12.5%) lymph nodes of 14 (46.7%)gastric carcinoma patients. MMP-2 expression was positive in 12 (85.7%) of the 14 patients with lymph node micrometastasis, and in 9 (56.3%) of the 16patients without lymph node micrometastasis (P = 0.118).CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that MMP-2 expression has significant correlation with tumor invasion, tumor differentiation and lymph node metastases. MMP-2 expression may be an important biological characteristics and significant prognostic parameter of gastric carcinoma. We also conclude that MMP-2 may participate in the development of lymph node micrometastasis of gastric carcinoma. Further investigations are needed to draw a conclusion.

  10. Bone marrow acid phosphatase by radioimmunoassay. [/sup 125/I; prostatic carcinomas

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    Belville, W.D.; Cox, H.D.; Mahan, D.E.; Olmert, J.P.; Mittemeyer, B.T.; Bruce, A.W.

    1978-06-01

    A double-antibody radioimmunoassay was developed and utilized to measure prostatic acid phosphatase in bone marrow aspirates. One hundred-eighteen patients with carcinoma of the prostate in various clinical stages, and fifty with benign prostatic hyperplasia were studied. In patients with carcinoma, levels of prostatic acid phosphatase in bone marrow aspirates were found to correlate well with increasing clinical stage of the disease. Determination of bone marrow prostatic acid phosphatase by radioimmunoassay may be a valuable adjunct to clinicopathologic staging of prostatic carcinoma.

  11. Expression of EGFR,Kras and BRAF in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue and their correlations%EGFR、Kras、BRAF 在食管鳞癌组织中的表达及相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺春语; 胡晓娜; 王雯; 刘如; 刘劲松; 吴小源; 王建华

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究 EGFR、Kras、BRAF 在食管鳞癌(ESCC)组织中表达及与临床病理特征的关系。方法采用免疫组织化学 SP 法检测116例 ESCC 组织和20例癌旁正常组织 EGFR、Kras、BRAF 的表达,分析其与 ESCC 临床病理特征的关系。结果116例患者的 ESCC 组织中 EGFR、Kras、BRAF 均有表达,阳性率分别为70.7%、49.1%和31.0%,高于癌旁正常组织。EGFR、BRAF 在两者中表达差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);EGFR 表达与分化、淋巴结转移、TNM分期有关(P <0.05),BRAF 表达与浸润深度及分期有关(P <0.05),而 Kras 在 ESCC 中表达与分化、浸润深度、淋巴结转移及分期均无关(P >0.05)。EGFR 与 BRAF 表达呈正相关,与 Kras 无关。结论EGFR、BRAF 过表达可能与 ESCC 的发生发展有关,Kras 作用尚不明确。EGFR、BRAF 可作为预测 ESCC 预后的重要指标。%Objective To investigate the expression of EGFR,Kras and BRAF in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue and their correlation with clinicopathological features.Methods The expression of EGFR,Kras and BRAF in 106 cases of e-sophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissue and 20 cases of adjacent esophageal mucosa were detected by immunohistochemical staining,and the correlations with clinicopathological feature were analyzed.Results The positive rates of EGFR,Kras and BRAF in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were 70.7%,31.0% and 49.1%.The expression of EGFR and BRAF in esopha-geal carcinoma were higher than adjacent esophageal mucosa(P 0.05).The expression of EGFR in esophageal carcinoma was correlated with differentiation, TNMstage and lymph metastasis.In addition,the expression of BRAF were correlated with invasion and TNMstage,but the ex-pression of Kras was not statistically correlated with clinical feature(P >0.05 ).There was a correlation between EGFR and BRAF.Conclusion Overexpression of EGFR and BRAF in esophageal cancer

  12. Carcinomas mamários de tipo basal: perfil clínico-patológico e evolutivo Basal-like breast cancers: clinicopathological features and outcome

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    Marina De Brot

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a frequência de carcinomas mamários de fenótipo basal em uma série de tumores triplo-negativos (TTN, definidos pela negatividade para receptores de estrógeno (RE, de progesterona (RP e HER2. MÉTODOS: Selecionamos 140 TTN, obtendo-se características clínico-patológicas e sobrevida. Microarranjo de tecido (2 cilindros de cada tumor foi construído e submetido à imunoistoquímica para RE, RP, HER2, citoqueratinas (Cks 5 e 14, EGFR, p63 e p53. Consideramos carcinomas de fenótipo basal os tumores negativos para RE, RP e HER2, e positivos para CK5. RESULTADOS: Encontramos 105 carcinomas de fenótipo basal entre 140 TTN (frequência=75%. A idade média das pacientes foi de 54,8 anos, sendo que 34,3% estavam na pré-menopausa. A maioria dos tumores foi classificada como carcinoma ductal invasor de alto grau. Os TTN exibiram positividade para CK5 (75,0%, CK14 (29%, EGFR (36,4%, p63 (28,6% e p53 (67,1%. Estadiamento avançado da doença foi observado em 52 pacientes (50%, com diâmetro tumoral maior que 5 cm em 41 casos (39% e metástases axilares em 61 casos (59,2%. Seguimento clínico foi obtido em 89 pacientes (média=51 meses. Destas, 45 pacientes (50,5% evoluíram sem doença; 6 (6,7% estavam vivas com doença e 38 (42,6% morreram pelo câncer. Recidiva sistêmica ocorreu em 42 pacientes (47,1%, sendo pulmões, cérebro e ossos os principais sítios de metástases. As médias das sobrevidas global e livre de doença foram de 36 e 28 meses, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: Nosso estudo confirma comportamento clínico agressivo e elevada frequência dos carcinomas de fenótipo basal entre os TTN, semelhante ao descrito em casuísticas norte-americanas e europeias.OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate basal phenotype in a series of triple-negative (estrogen and progesterone receptors-negative and HER2-negative invasive mammary carcinomas. METHODS: We selected 140 previously tested triple-negative tumors

  13. Salivary myoepithelial carcinoma: A clinicopathological study of 13 cases%13例涎腺肌上皮癌临床及病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄兰柱; 丁洁; 唐恩溢; 邓润智; 苟黎明

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To study the clinical features and therapeutic-efficacy of myoepithelial carcinoma in salivary glands. Methods: Clinicohistopathological features and follow-up visit data of 13 cases with myoepithelial carcinoma in salivary glands were analysed. Results: 13 cases, including 8 men and 5 women, aged 14 -82 years old, with the average of 43 years, were included. The tumor was found in parotid gland in 4 cases, cervical lymph node metastasis was observed in 3 cases and distant metastasis in 2 cases . Postoperative recurrence occurred in 4 patients, 4 patients died 2-6 years after operation because of metastasis ( 2 cases ) and recurrence ( 1 case). Conclusion: Myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary glands is a rare malignant tumor with extensive invasion and metastasis potential. Diagnosis is depended on histology and immunohistochemistry. Radical resection should be considered as the primary treatment. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used for the cases with metastasis.%目的:总结13例涎腺肌上皮癌的病理特点、治疗方式和治疗效果.方法:对13例经病理确诊肌上皮癌的临床、病理、随访资料进行整理分析.结果:13例病例中男8例、女5例,好发年龄35~60岁,平均发病年龄43岁;4例发生于腮腺区,有3例颈淋巴结转移,2例发生血循转移;术后复发4例,死亡3例.结论:涎腺肌上皮癌局部侵袭性强、治疗后易复发,可发生颈部淋巴结及远处转移.该瘤缺乏特征性临床表现,诊断依赖病理和免疫组化.首次治疗时根治性切除是关键,颈部或远处转移时,则须考虑放、化疗.

  14. Analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in women%女性分化型甲状腺癌临床及病理特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾蓉; 贺军栋; 张进萍; 左荣霞; 郑永钦; 严新民

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析女性分化型甲状腺癌的临床及病理特点。方法:回顾性分析云南省第一人民医院2003年1月至2012年12月云南地区1034例女性分化型甲状腺癌(differentiated thyroid carcinoma,DTC)及良性结节患者病历资料,进行单因素和多因素条件Logistic回归分析。结果:女性DTC患者的平均年龄低于良性结节组。经单因素分析,女性DTC患者的术前血清TSH浓度高于良性结节组;DTC组TGAb、TRAb和TPOAb阳性率显著高于良性结节组;DTC组合并桥本氏甲状腺炎及淋巴细胞性甲状腺炎显著高于良性结节组;DTC组初潮年龄≤13岁、孕育子女数≤2个及未绝经的比率明显高于良性结节组。经多因素分析,年龄<45岁(OR=0.060,P<0.001)、结节直径<1 cm(OR=0.377,P=0.006)和TG升高(OR=0.431,P=0.009)是女性DTC的保护性因素;TGAb (OR=4.949,P<0.001)和TRAb(OR=23.001,P<0.001)的异常升高是其独立危险因素。结论:女性DTC发病年龄早于良性组;甲状腺术前血清TSH的异常升高、合并HT、月经初潮早、绝经晚及孕育子女数少与女性DTC的发生有一定关联;TGAb和TRAb的异常升高是女性DTC的独立危险因素;年龄<45岁、结节直径<1cm和TG升高是其保护性因素。%Objective:We aimed to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in women. Methods:The clinical data of 1,034 female patients with thyroid nodules between January 2003 and December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were from Yunnan Province, China. A database was established in Excel. Univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses were conducted by using SPSS 17.0. Results:Female patients with DTC were younger than those with thyroid nodule disease or benign thyroid disease (BTD). The results of univariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed that the preoperative mean

  15. Cyclin D1 Expression and Its Correlation with Histopathological Differentiation in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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    Swati Saawarn

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Cyclin D1 regulates the G1 to S transition of cell cycle. Its deregulation or overexpression may lead to disturbance in the normal cell cycle control and tumour formation. Overexpression of cyclin D1 has been reported in various tumors of diverse histogenesis. This case control retrospective study was carried out to study the immunohistochemical reactivity and expression of cyclin D1 and its association with site, clinical staging, and histopathological differentiation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC. Methods. Forty formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of biopsy specimens of oral squamous cell carcinoma were immunohistochemically evaluated for expression of cyclin D1. Results. Cyclin D1 expression was seen in 45% cases of OSCC. It did not correlate with site and clinical staging. Highest expression was seen in well-differentiated, followed by moderately differentiated, and poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas, with a statistically significant correlation. Conclusion. Cyclin D1 expression significantly increases with increase in differentiation.

  16. Early onset sebaceous carcinoma

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    Kaltreider Sara A

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ocular sebaceous carcinoma can masquerade as benign lesions resulting in delay of diagnosis. Early recognition is even more difficult in young patients where the disease rarely occurs. Here, we provide a clinicopathological correlation of ocular sebaceous carcinoma in a young individual lacking history of hereditary cancer or immunosuppression. Findings A detailed histopathological study including p53 DNA sequencing was performed on an aggressive sebaceous carcinoma presenting in a healthy 32 year-old Caucasian woman. She had no history of retinoblastoma, evidence for a hereditary cancer syndrome, or radiation therapy. However, she potentially was at risk for excessive UV light exposure. A detailed review of the literature is also provided. A moderately well differentiated sebaceous carcinoma was established histopathologically arising from the meibomian gland of the upper eyelid. In most areas, the cytoplasm contained small but distinct Oil-red-O positive vacuoles. Direct sequencing of p53 identified a G:C→A:T mutation at a dipyrimidine site. The mutation results in substitution of arginine for the highly conserved glycine at residue 199 located at the p53 dimer-dimer interface. Energy minimization structural modeling predicts that G199R will neutralize negative charges contributed by nearby inter- and intramonomeric glutamate residues. Discussion This study points to the importance of recognizing that sebaceous carcinoma can occur in young patients with no evidence for hereditary cancer risk or radiation therapy. The G199R substitution is anticipated to alter the stability of the p53 tetrameric complex. The role of UV light in the etiology of sebaceous carcinoma deserves further study. Our findings, taken together with those of others, suggest that different environmental factors could lead to the development of sebaceous carcinoma in different patients.

  17. Clinicopathological Analysis Of Orbital Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma%眼眶腺样囊性癌临床病理分析

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    李平惠; 李涛; 夏瑞南

    2003-01-01

    目的:探讨眼眶腺样囊性癌(adenoid cystic carcinoma ACC)的临床特征及病理组织学特点.方法:回顾性分析20例ACC患者的临床及病理资料.结果:ACC主要表现为眶内包块(20/20)、眼球突出移位(14/20)、眼球运动障碍(14/20)、眶周疼痛(13/20)等;病理组织学分5型:筛状型、管状型、实体型、粉刺型和硬化型.结论:ACC的临床特征有助于其诊断,最终确诊有赖于病理组织学检查.

  18. BLOOD TELOMERASE ACTIVITY AND ITS CORRELATIVITY WITH NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CARCINOMA

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    胡坚; 李任远; 孙骊; 倪一鸣

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To study the correlativity between blood telomerase activity and Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) through relative quantitative analysis of telomerase activity. Methods: Thirty-eight NSCLC and 25 inpatients with benign lung disease were selected. Telomerase repeat amplification protocol was adopted. PCR products were assayed with ELISA. Results: (a) Blood telomerase activity during operation was higher than that before or after operation (P0.05). (c) Blood telomerase activity of adenocarcinoma during and after operation was higher than that before operation (P0.05). Conclusion: The qualitative assay of blood telomerase activity can be adopted as an assistant index for diagnosis of NSCLC. Postoperative blood telomerase activity of adenocarcinoma is higher than that of squamous carcinoma. It may be an evidence for the likelihood of adenocarcinoma to metastase through blood. Blood telomerase activity increases significantly during operation, suggesting that operation may cause more cancer cells entering into circulation.

  19. Clinicopathological analysis of gastric stromal tumor with primary gastrointestinal carcinoma%合并原发性消化道癌的胃间质瘤临床病理分析

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    孙林德; 张晶; 张昉; 徐文通

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨合并原发性消化道癌的胃间质瘤的临床及病理特点.方法 回顾性分析解放军总医院普通外科2011年1月至2014年12月收治的469例胃肠道间质瘤(GIST)患者的病理结果,筛选出同时合并原发性消化道癌的胃间质瘤患者,分析其合并消化道癌的部位、间质瘤的大小、核分裂象、免疫表型.结果 合并原发性消化道癌的胃间质瘤占全部GIST的14.7%(69/469),其中胃小间质瘤占合并原发性消化道癌胃间质瘤的65.2%(45/69),占全部GIST的9.59%(45/469).肿瘤直径均<5 cm;核分裂象均<5/50高倍视野(HPF).CD117阳性率92.8 %(64/69),CD34阳性率92.8%(64/69),DOG-1阳性率94.1%(65/69).Fletcher分级为低危、极低危.结论 合并原发性消化道癌的胃间质瘤无特异性临床特征,病理无特异性免疫组织化学标志,恶性程度较单发GIST低,预后与合并的原发性消化道癌分期相关.%Objective To analyze the clinicopathological features of gastric stromal tumor with primary gastrointestinal carcinoma.Methods 469 cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) from January 2011 to December 2014 admitted to PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Gastric stromal tumor patients with primary gastrointestinal carcinoma were screened.The concomitant gastrointestinal cancer site,stromal tumor size,mitotic activity,immunohistochemistry were also detected.Results The gastric stromal tumor with primary gastrointestinal carcinoma accounted for 14.7 % (69/469) of all the GIST,in which the small gastric stromal tumor accounted for 65.2 % (45/69) of the total and 9.59 % (45/469) of all the GIST.The diameter of all tumors was < 5 cm,and the mitotic was < 5/50 HPF.The positive rates of CD117,CD34,DOG-1 were 92.8 % (64/69),92.8 % (64/69),94.1% (65/69).The Fletcher was classified as low-risk and extreme low-risk.Conclusions Gastric stromal tumor with primary gastrointestinal carcinoma has no specific

  20. An analysis on clinicopathological data of surgery and non-surgery treatment for patients with primary lung carcinoma%手术与非手术肺癌患者临床病理特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海波; 赵俊华; 白露; 苏洪新; 赵玉霞

    2012-01-01

    目的:分析手术与非手术肺癌患者临床病例特征,提高肺癌的诊治水平.方法:回顾性分析2010年新发的616例肺癌患者的临床病理资料、手术情况,应用SPSS13.0统计软件包进行统计分析.结果:在616例肺癌患者中,手术/非手术:172/444;男/女:418/198;吸烟/非吸烟:347/269;周边型/中央型:324/292;手术与非手术肺癌患者性别、年龄、吸烟与否无统计学差别;周边型肺癌手术率高(P<0.01).在发病率/手术率(%)中,腺癌:31.2/34.1,鳞癌占30.0/42.2,小细胞癌23.1%/9.7.总体手术率27.9%,临床分期越早,手术率越高,非手术患者病理诊断率为82%.结论:沈阳地区新发的原发性肺癌以男性、周边型、非小细胞肺癌为多,周边型及鳞癌患者手术所占比例高.%Objective:To analyze the features of lung cancer patients treated by surgery or non - surger and improve the level of diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. Methods;The statistical software package of SPSS13.0 was applied to analyze the clinicopathological and surgical data of 616 parents diagnosed with primary lung carcinoma in 2010. Results:Among the 616 patients, surgery/non - surgery was 172/444, male/ female 418/198, smoker/non smoker 347 / 269, peripheral/central 324/292. there was no difference between surgery and non - surgery at gender, age, smoking status. The ratio of surgery was higher in the cases of lung cancer with peripheral type (P<0.01). The incidence rate/surgay rate(%) of all cases, adenocarcinoma was 31.2/32.9,squamous cell carcinoma 30/42. 2, small cell lung cancer 23. 1/9.7. Overall surgery radio was 27.9%. The earlier clinical stage correspond to higher surgery radio. 82% non - surgery patients obtained pathological diagnosis. Conclusion;The characteristics of male, peripheral type and NSCLC are more common in the new primary lung carcinoma patients. The surgery ratio was higher in the peripheral type and squamous carcinoma.

  1. Nuclear NF-κB Expression Correlates With Outcome Among Patients With Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treated With Primary Chemoradiation Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balermpas, Panagiotis [Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, J. W. Goethe – University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Germany); Michel, Yvonne [Senckenberg Institute of Pathology, J. W. Goethe – University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Germany); Wagenblast, Jens [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, J. W. Goethe – University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Germany); Seitz, Oliver [Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, J. W. Goethe – University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Germany); Sipek, Florian; Rödel, Franz; Rödel, Claus [Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, J. W. Goethe – University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Germany); Fokas, Emmanouil, E-mail: emmanouil.fokas@kgu.de [Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, J. W. Goethe – University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt (Germany)

    2013-07-15

    Background: To examine whether nuclear NF-κB expression correlates with outcome in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with primary chemoradiation therapy (CRT). Methods and Materials: Between 2007 and 2010, 101 patients with locally advanced primary HNSCC were treated with definitive simultaneous CRT. Pretreatment biopsy specimens were analyzed for NF-κB p65 (RelA) nuclear immunoreactivity. A sample was assigned to be positive with more than 5% positive nuclear expression. The predictive relevance of NF-κB and clinicopathologic factors for overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), local progression-free survival (LPFS), and metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was examined by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: No significant differences between the groups were observed with regard to age, sex, total radiation dose, fractionation mode, total chemotherapy applied, T stage or grading. Patients with p65 nuclear positive biopsy specimens showed significantly a higher rate of lymph node metastasis (cN2c or cN3 status, P=.034). Within a mean follow-up time of 25 months (range, 2.33-62.96 months) OS, PFS, and DMFS were significantly poorer in the p65 nuclear positive group (P=.008, P=.027, and P=.008, respectively). These correlations remained significant in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: NF-κB/p65 nuclear expression is associated with increased lymphatic and hematogenous tumor dissemination and decreased survival in HNSCC patients treated with primary CRT. Our results may foster further investigation of a predictive relevance of NF-κB/p65 and its role as a suitable target for a molecular-based targeted therapy in HNSCC cancer.

  2. Over-expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma 1 correlates with tumor progression and poor prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xin

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma 1 (EIF4G1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC and its correlation with clinicopathologic features, including patients' survival time. Methods Using real-time PCR, we detected the expression of EIF4G1 in normal nasopharyngeal tissues, immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial cell lines NP69, NPC tissues and cell lines. EIF4G1 protein expression in NPC tissues was examined using immunohistochemistry. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method. The effect of EIF4G1 on cell invasion and tumorigenesis were investigated. Results The expression levels of EIF4G1 mRNA were significantly greater in NPC tissues and cell lines than those in the normal nasopharyngeal tissues and NP69 cells (P EIF4G1 protein was higher in NPC tissues than that in the nasopharyngeal tissues (P EIF4G1 protein in tumors were positively correlated with tumor T classification (P = 0.039, lymph node involvement (N classification, P = 0.008, and the clinical stages (P = 0.003 of NPC patients. Patients with higher EIF4G1 expression had shorter overall survival time (P = 0.019. Multivariate analysis showed that EIF4G1 expression was an independent prognostic indicator for the overall survival of NPC patients. Using shRNA to knock down the expression of EIF4G1 not only markedly inhibited cell cycle progression, proliferation, migration, invasion, and colony formation, but also dramatically suppressed in vivo xenograft tumor growth. Conclusion Our data suggest that EIF4G1 can serve as a biomarker for the prognosis of NPC patients.

  3. Clinicopathologic analysis of solid papillary carcinoma of breast%乳腺实性乳头状癌临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立英; 皋岚湘; 丁华野; 许春伟

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the clinical pathological features, histologic features, and prognosis of solid papillary carcinoma ( SPC) of breast. Methods Nine cases of SPC of breast were analyzed by morphological observation, AB-PAS staining and immuno-histochemical MaxVision staining. The follow-up and analysis of the clinical datas of these nine cases were performed and relevant liter-atures were also reviewed. Results The age of 9 cases of SPC of breast ranged from 32 to 83 years old (mean age is 69. 2 years old). Three cases presented with nipple discharge. Nuclear levels of 9 cases were between low to mid-level. Seven cases were associated with intracellular and extracellular mucus secretion, two cases with calcification, and 3 cases with comedonecrosis. All of these nine cases were ER, PR positive and the positive rates were high ( >70%) , HER-2 was all negative. Syn expression in these nine cases were diffused positive except for one case showing focal positive, 4 with CgA diffused positive, 1 with partial positive and 4 were negative of CgA. Six patients had partial loss of the expression of myoepithelial markers, and 3 cases with complete myoepithelial expression. Ki-67 proliferation index was between 3% and 20%. Except for only one case with small area of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) (2 mm in great diameter) , all other cases were not associated with other types of breast cancer, sentinel lymph nodes and/or axillary/supracla-vicular lymph nodes metastasis. 8 patients accepted breast-conserving surgey, one case did not undergo radical mastectomy for small le-sion. All of these cases were accepted further endocrine drugs treatment and only one case accepted chemical therapy simultaneously because of the accompanied IDC. None of them was found to relapse for 3 to 61 months (mean 19. 6 months) of follow-up. Conclusion Nine cases of SPC of breast showed some characteristics such as relatively low nuclear level, often accompanied by intracellular and

  4. Clinicopathological characters of basal-like breast carcinoma%乳腺基底细胞样癌的临床病理特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余昶; 倪型灏

    2009-01-01

    乳腺基底细胞样癌(BLBC)是根据基因表达模式分离出的一类乳腺癌亚型,具有独特的哪组织学形态及生物学行为.这类肿瘤通常呈三联阴性(TG)且表达基底细胞型细胞角蛋白(basal CK),侵袭性强.现就BLBC的镜下特征、临床进展、预后及化疗反应等进行综述,便于临床及病理医师更好地认识这类疾病.%Basal-like breast carcinoma is a phenotype of breast cancer which was sub-classified according to gene expression profiling criteria, associated with specific pathological features and biological behaviour. These cancer used to be more aggressive and characterized by the absent expression of ER/PR/CerbB-2(triple negative, TG) however positive for basal cytokeratins(basal CK). We present this review to show its pathological characters, clinical progression, prognosis and response to chemotherapy, and provide convenience for pathologists and surgical colleagues be more aware of this subtype.

  5. Snail、E-cadherin和MMP-2在I型子宫内膜癌中的表达及临床意义%Expression of Snail, E-cadherin and MMP-2 in type I endometrial carcinoma and its clinicopathological significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘洪琳; 冯振中

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of Snail, E-cadherin and matrix metal oproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in pa-tients with type I endometrial carcinoma and its clinicopathological significance. Methods Tissue microarray and immunohisto-chemical staining were performed to evaluate Snail, E-cadherin, and MMP-2 expression in 58 cases of endometrial carcinoma, 17 cases of atypical hyperplasia and 21normal endometrial samples. The correlation between these three markers with clinico-pathological features were examined. Results The expression of Snail, E-cadherin and MMP-2 proteins was significantly changed as lesions progressed from normal endometrium through atypical hyperplasia to carcinoma, (P<0.01). In addition, in-creased expression of Snail was tightly associated with FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis. Down-regulated expression of E-cadherin protein showed a significantly correlation with myometrial invasion and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). Similarly, MMP-2 protein also correlated with lymph node metastasis(P<0.05). In primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma, there was a sig-nificant negative association of Snail with E-cadherin expression(r=-0.259, P=0.049), while the expression of Snail was positively correlated with MMP-2 (r=0.447, P<0.01). Conclusion Snail and MMP-2 expression is up-regulated and E-cadherin expres-sion down-regulated in endometrial carcinoma, and detection of these three markers may predict the potential malignancy and tumor behavior.%  目的探讨子宫内膜样腺癌组织中转录因子Snail、上皮钙黏附素(E-cadherin)和基质金属蛋白酶2(MMP-2)的表达关系,研究Snail促进子宫内膜癌侵袭转移的机制及临床意义。方法采用免疫组化方法,结合组织芯片技术,检测58例I型子宫内膜癌、17例内膜不典型增生、21例正常内膜组织中Snail、E-cadherin和MMP-2的表达水平,分析3种蛋白表达之间的相关性及与临床病理因素的关系。结果Ⅰ型子宫

  6. Significance of IMP3, nucleophosmin, and Ki-67 expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yorukoglu, Aygun; Yalcin, Nagihan; Avci, Arzu; Cakalagaoglu, Fulya; Yaylali, Guzin; Akin, Fulya; Haciyanli, Mehmet; Ozden, Akin

    2015-02-01

    The purpose of our study was to investigate the diagnostic value of expression of IMP3, nucleophosmin, and correlation of these markers with Ki-67 proliferation index in papillary thyroid carcinoma and benign neoplasms of thyroid gland. The aim was also to investigate whether there is a difference between papillary and micropapillary carcinomas with regard to clinicopathologic parameters beside IMP3, nucleophosmin, and Ki-67 proliferation index. It was concluded that IMP3 and nucleophosmin cannot be a routine diagnostic marker for discrimination of papillary carcinomas and benign lesions. IMP3 positive staining was quite scarce in IMP3 positive papillary carcinomas although specifity of IMP3 is 100%. A statistically significant correlation was not detected between nucleophosmin, IMP-3, and Ki-67 proliferation index. A statistically significant correlation was found between tumor size, lymphovascular embolism, and Ki-67 proliferation index. There was also significant correlation between tumor size and lymphovascular embolism.

  7. Upregulated TRIO expression correlates with a malignant phenotype in human hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bin; Fang, JiaQing; Qu, Lei; Cao, Zhongwei; Zhou, JianGuo; Deng, Biao

    2015-09-01

    Triple functional domain protein (TRIO) is an evolutionarily conserved Dbl family guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) involved in cell proliferation and progression of some types of cancer. However, the expression and prognostic role of TRIO in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not yet been determined. Therefore, we attempted to determine the impact of TRIO on the clinical outcome of HCC patients to further identify its role in HCC. TRIO expression was examined using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting in nonmalignant liver cells, HCC cells, and 93 paired of HCC tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues. Statistical analyses were used to assess associations between TRIO expression and clinicopathological and prognostic factors. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated TRIO inhibition was performed in Hep3B and Huh7 cells to elucidate its roles in HCC. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was employed to measure cell proliferation, and apoptosis assay was analyzed by flow cytometry, respectively. Adhesion and transwell invasion assay were performed to determine the invasion ability of HCC cells in vitro. TRIO was significantly upregulated in the HCC cell lines and tissues compared with the nonmalignant liver cells and adjacent noncancerous liver tissues. In addition, high TRIO expression level associated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.0183), clinical tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage (P = 0.0.0106), and decrease in overall survival (OS) (P = 0.017). Knockdown of TRIO on Hep3B and Huh7 cell lines suppressed cell proliferation and migration and induced apoptosis. Furthermore, silencing TRIO expression led to decrease of ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1), p-P38, B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), and matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9). Our results demonstrated that TRIO protein expression is elevated and associated with a worse over survival rates in patients with HCC. Aberrant

  8. Clinicopathologic analysis of cutaneous pseudoangiosarcomatous squamous cell carcinoma%皮肤假血管肉瘤型鳞状细胞癌临床病理观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔华娟; 李翠华; 王卓才; 赖日权; 彭大云; 陈敬文

    2013-01-01

    Objective To improve the knowledge on cutaneous pseudoangiosarcomatous squamous cell carcinoma (PASCC) which could be easily mistaken for angiosarcoma.Methods Two cases of uncommon primary PASCC were studied clinically,pathologically and immunohistochemically.Electron microscopy was also used to observe lesion specimens.Results The patients were a 71-year-old female and a 57-year-old male.A single ulcerative mass was observed on the right distal leg in the female patient and on the right neck in the male patient.Pathologically,acantholytic tumor cells formed lumina of pseudovascular spaces which contained dissociative tumor cells as well as erythrocytes and were lined by polygonal,flat or hobnailed cells.The tumor cells gave an epithelial appearance with obvious atypia,abundant vacuole-like cytoplasm and apparent nucleoli.Mitotic figures were easily seen.The stroma of tumor was loose,with basophilic mucinous matrix,diffuse necrosis and hemorrhage in some regions.Immunohistochemically,most tumor cells were strongly positive for panCK,CK5/6,Vim,CK14,epithelial membrane antigen (EMA),P63,and P53,but negative for CD31,CD34,F8,and Fli-1.Electron microscopy revealed a small quantity of tonofibrils and typical desmosomal structures in the cytoplasm of tumor cells.Conclusions Primary PASCC is a rare subtype of squamous cell carcinoma,and should be differentiated from angiosarcoma,epithelioid sarcoma,and so on.%目的 提高对易误诊为血管肉瘤的皮肤假血管肉瘤型鳞状细胞癌的认识.方法 报道2例皮肤原发的假血管肉瘤型鳞状细胞癌.结果 例1女性,71岁,皮损位于右小腿远端;例2男,57岁,皮损位于右颈部.皮损均为单发的溃疡性肿块.光镜下棘层显著松解形成假血管腔隙,内含游离肿瘤细胞和红细胞,腔隙内衬多角形或扁平、鞋钉样细胞.瘤细胞上皮样,异形性明显,核分裂象易见,胞质丰富,空泡状,核仁明显.肿瘤间质疏松,可见嗜碱性黏液样基质,局部区域

  9. A risk score model for the metastasis of level Ib lymph node based on the clinicopathological features of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in a large sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Wei; Li, Xian; Liu, Zhigang; Jiang, Changbin; Niu, Daoli; Xia, Yunfei

    2014-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to develop a metastatic risk score model of neck level Ib lymph nodes in primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) to guide the level Ib radiotherapy. There were a total of 1,557 patients enrolled in the study, and of these patients, 1,145 were included in the training set. Univariate χ(2) analysis and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen the independent risk factors to construct the risk score model. A total of 85 patients in the validating set underwent a pathology biopsy of level Ib lymph nodes to test the model. The remaining 327 patients from the prognostic-research set were used to evaluate the prognostic impact of level Ib irradiation in high- and low-risk groups. The independent risk factors in the model were carotid sheath involvement, the maximal diameter of the neck lymph nodes (≥20 mm) and the involvement of the level II/III/IV lymph nodes. The involvement of level IV was assigned score 2 and the other risk factors were assigned score 1. According to the total scores, the patients were divided into the low- (total score, 0-1; level Ib metastasis rate, 0.5%) and high-risk groups (total score, 2-4; level Ib metastasis rate, 8.5%). In the validating set, the metastatic rate of level Ib in 43 low-risk patients was 0%, and the rate was 31.0% (13/42) in 42 high-risk patients. In the prognostic-research set, the prognosis of 137 low-risk patients was not affected by level Ib irradiation. However, level Ib unirradiation was an independent prognostic factor for the locoregional recurrence in 190 high-risk patients. According to the data, the novel score model could help assess the metastatic risk of level Ib in primary NPC, and the radiotherapy on level Ib may impact the locoregional recurrence in high-risk patients.

  10. Twist-1 Up-Regulation in Carcinoma Correlates to Poor Survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alimujiang Wushou

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT facilitates tumor metastasis. Twist is a basic helix-loop-helix protein that modulates many target genes through E-box-responsive elements. There are two twist-like proteins, Twist-1 and Twist-2, sharing high structural homology in mammals. Twist-1 was found to be a key factor in the promotion of metastasis of cancer cells, and is known to induce EMT. Twist-1 participation in carcinoma progression and metastasis has been reported in a variety of tumors. However, controversy exists concerning the correlation between Twist-1 and prognostic value with respect to carcinoma. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to determine whether the expression of Twist-1 was associated with the prognosis of carcinoma patients. This analysis included 17 studies: four studies evaluated lung cancer, three evaluated head and neck cancer, two evaluated breast cancer, two evaluated esophageal cancer, two evaluated liver cancer and one each evaluated osteosarcoma, bladder, cervical and ovarian cancer. A total of 2006 patients were enrolled in these studies, and the median trial sample size was 118 patients. Twist-1 expression was associated with worse overall survival (OS at both 3 years (hazard ratio “HR” for death = 2.13, 95% CI = 1.86 to 2.45, p < 0.001 and 5 years (HR for death = 2.01, 95% CI = 1.76 to 2.29, p < 0.001. Expression of Twist-1 is associated with worse survival in carcinoma.

  11. Expression of biomarkers (p53, transforming growth factor alpha, epidermal growth factor receptor, c-erbB-2/neu and the proliferative cell nuclear antigen) in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Using immunohistochemistry, expression of p53, transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-α), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), c-erbB-2/neu and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was examined in 26 fresh frozen tissue specimens of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). p53 gene mutations were examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/DNA sequencing methods in 22 carcinomas. The findings were examined for correlations with patients’ clinicopathological parameters. Expressio...

  12. Standardized perfusion value of the esophageal carcinoma and its correlation with quantitative CT perfusion parameter values

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djuric-Stefanovic, A., E-mail: avstefan@eunet.rs [Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia); Unit of Digestive Radiology (First University Surgical Clinic), Center of Radiology and MR, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia); Saranovic, Dj., E-mail: crvzve4@gmail.com [Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia); Unit of Digestive Radiology (First University Surgical Clinic), Center of Radiology and MR, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia); Sobic-Saranovic, D., E-mail: dsobic2@gmail.com [Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia); Center of Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia); Masulovic, D., E-mail: draganmasulovic@yahoo.com [Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia); Unit of Digestive Radiology (First University Surgical Clinic), Center of Radiology and MR, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia); Artiko, V., E-mail: veraart@beotel.rs [Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia); Center of Nuclear Medicine, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia)

    2015-03-15

    Purpose: Standardized perfusion value (SPV) is a universal indicator of tissue perfusion, normalized to the whole-body perfusion, which was proposed to simplify, unify and allow the interchangeability among the perfusion measurements and comparison between the tumor perfusion and metabolism. The aims of our study were to assess the standardized perfusion value (SPV) of the esophageal carcinoma, and its correlation with quantitative CT perfusion measurements: blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT) and permeability surface area product (PS) of the same tumor volume samples, which were obtained by deconvolution-based CT perfusion analysis. Methods: Forty CT perfusion studies of the esophageal cancer were analyzed, using the commercial deconvolution-based CT perfusion software (Perfusion 3.0, GE Healthcare). The SPV of the esophageal tumor and neighboring skeletal muscle were correlated with the corresponding mean tumor and muscle quantitative CT perfusion parameter values, using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (r{sub S}). Results: Median SPV of the esophageal carcinoma (7.1; range: 2.8–13.4) significantly differed from the SPV of the skeletal muscle (median: 1.0; range: 0.4–2.4), (Z = −5.511, p < 0.001). The cut-off value of the SPV of 2.5 enabled discrimination of esophageal cancer from the skeletal muscle with sensitivity and specificity of 100%. SPV of the esophageal carcinoma significantly correlated with corresponding tumor BF (r{sub S} = 0.484, p = 0.002), BV (r{sub S} = 0.637, p < 0.001) and PS (r{sub S} = 0.432, p = 0.005), and SPV of the skeletal muscle significantly correlated with corresponding muscle BF (r{sub S} = 0.573, p < 0.001), BV (r{sub S} = 0.849, p < 0.001) and PS (r{sub S} = 0.761, p < 0.001). Conclusions: We presented a database of the SPV for the esophageal cancer and proved that SPV of the esophageal neoplasm significantly differs from the SPV of the skeletal muscle, which represented a sample of healthy

  13. Small hepatocellular carcinoma with peripheral enhancement:pathological correlation with dual phase images by helical CT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Ke-guo; SHEN Jing-xian; WANG Gen-shu; XU Da-sheng

    2007-01-01

    Background The peripheral enhancement of small hepatocellular carcinoma (SHCC) is a rare appearance in dual phase images by helical computed tomography (CT). This study discusses this phenomenon and its correlative histopathology.Methods The helical CT dual phase appearance of peripheral enhancement in SHCC was analyzed in 21 cases (22 lesions). All lesions were confirmed as SHCC by histopathological examination.Results In these 22 lesions, enhanced peripheral ring in 20 lesions was incomplete, the thickness of enhanced peripheral ring varied and mural node could be found in hepatic arterial phase; only 2 lesions had complete peripheral ring enhancement and ring of uniform thickness in hepatic arterial phase. The enhancement of some peripheral rings and mural nodes dropped to very low density in portal venous phase. The tumour cells were grade Ⅰ in 3 lesions, Ⅱ in 16, Ⅲ in 2 and Ⅳ in 1. The vascular supply was more abundant at the border than in the centre of 15 lesions and the vascular supply was deficient in both centre and border of the remaining 7 lesions. In 3 lesions, the pseudocapsule showed in the border of the lesion. In 12 lesions, flecks of necrosis were found in the border and/or centre of the lesion.Conclusions The characteristic peripheral enhancement in helical CT dual phase images of small hepatocellular carcinoma correlates with different vascular supplies, fibrous capsule and necrosis of the lesion.

  14. Metabolic parameters using {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT correlate with occult lymph node metastasis in squamous cell lung carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Do-Hoon; Hong, Chae Moon; Jeong, Shin Young; Lee, Sang-Woo; Lee, Jaetae; Ahn, Byeong-Cheol [Kyungpook National University School of Medicine and Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Song, Bong-Il [Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    The aim of this study was to investigate predictability of occult lymph node metastasis (OLM) using metabolic parameters on pretreatment {sup 18}F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT in squamous cell non-small cell lung carcinoma (SC-NSCLC) patients who were clinically node negative (cN0) before surgery. A total of 63 cN0 SC-NSCLC patients (M/F = 61/2, mean age 64.1 ± 8.0) who underwent curative surgery with lymph node dissection were enrolled in this study. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of the primary tumor was obtained with a standardized uptake value (SUV) threshold of 2.5. Total lesion glycolysis (TLG) was calculated by multiplication of the MTV and its SUV{sub mean}. Metabolic parameters (SUV{sub max}, MTV, and TLG) and clinicopathological factors were analyzed for OLM. Of 63 patients, 12 (19.0 %) had OLM. Significantly higher SUV{sub max}, MTV, TLG, and pathological tumor size were observed in patients with OLM. The optimal cutoff values for prediction of OLM determined using a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve were 8.8 for SUV{sub max}, 18.9 cm{sup 3} for MTV, 88.4 for TLG, and 2.8 cm for pathological tumor size. Univariate analysis showed correlation of SUV{sub max}, MTV, and TLG with the rate of OLM. In multivariate analyses, high SUV{sub max} and MTV showed an association with an increased risk of OLM, after adjusting for age, sex, pathological tumor size, T stage, and location. Metabolic parameters on pretreatment {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT were significant predictors for OLM in cN0 SC-NSCLC patients. Surgical planning can be tailored based on the parameters in order to reduce the risk of hidden residual lymph node metastases in patients. (orig.)

  15. Diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid: ultrasound features with histopathological correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwak, J.Y. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, E.-K. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: ekkim@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr; Hong, S.W. [Departments of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Oh, K.K. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, M.J. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, C.S. [Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cheong, W.Y. [Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    Aim: To evaluate the ultrasound (US) features of the diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary carcinoma (DSVPC) of the thyroid, with histopathological correlations. Materials and methods: The US and histopathological findings of six patients with surgically proven DSVPC of the thyroid were retrospectively assessed. Results: Most of cases showed diffuse, scattered microcalcifications with or without associated masses and underlying heterogeneous hypoechogenicity at the site of the DSVPC in the thyroid. At ultrasound, scattered microcalcifications and heterogeneous hypoechogenicity seen in the DSVPC correlated to psammoma bodies and lymphocytic infiltration at histopathological review. Conclusion: DSVPC of the thyroid usually manifested as diffuse scattered microcalcifications and associated suspicious mass on ultrasound. These findings are not specific for the DSVPC of the thyroid. However, in relatively young patients with suspicious masses associated with underlying diffuse scattered microcalcifications on US, the possibility of DSVPC should be included in differential diagnosis.

  16. Correlation of breast recurrence (inflammatory type or not) after breast conserving surgery with radiation therapy and clinicopathological factors in breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimura, Reiki [Kumamoto City Hospital (Japan); Koyama, Hiroki

    1998-09-01

    To clarify risk factors for breast recurrence of inflammatory type after breast conserving therapy, we examined clinicopathological findings and therapies given after initial surgery. Nine cases of inflammatory breast recurrence out of 133 recurrent cases collected from a collaborative group supported by a grant-in-aid for Cancer Research by Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare (7-24, Chairman: H. Koyama) were analyzed by a case control study. And forty-three recurrent cases in Kumamoto City Hospital were also analyzed similarly. Inflammatory breast recurrence after breast conserving surgery is characterized as follows: Most cases have negative surgical margin and may be unresponsive to radiation therapy, unlike non-inflammatory breast recurrence. Lymph node metastasis is involved in recurrence, but the difference in patients with only distant metastasis was positive lymphatic invasion. Distant metastasis coexisted at the time of recurrence, and secondary surgery was impossible in most cases. The prognosis after recurrence was unfavorable. These findings suggest that inflammatory recurrence is manifestation of so-called ``occult`` inflammatory breast cancer. (author)

  17. Assessment of HRCT findings of small bronchioloalveolar carcinoma by radiologic-pathologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, Takuya; Satoh, Katashi; Takahashi, Kazue [Kagawa Medical Univ., Miki (Japan)] [and others

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the appearance of early stage bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC) on HRCT in correlation with pathological findings. Fourteen cases of BAC were examined. Diameter of the lesion in all cases was less than 1.5 cm. Two cases of BAC appeared as inhomogeneous ground-glass opacity (GGO) in correlation with foci of BAC. Two cases of BAC appeared as homogeneous GGO on HRCT in correlation with hyperplasia of alveolar cells on mildly hyperplastic alveolar septa. One case of BAC had microscopical small alveolar collapse area, however the foci were too small to be recognized as elevated density area on HRCT. Eight cases of BAC appeared as elevated density areas in GGO. These elevated density areas were correlated with areas of diminishing intraalveolar air caused by fibrotic foci due to collapse of alveolar structure, high grade atypia of tumor cells with severe hyperplasia of alveolar septa, lymphoproliferation scattered in the lesion and cellular infiltration in alveoli. One case of BAC appeared as consolidative small nodule in correlation with mucinous BAC. (author)

  18. Assessment of inverse correlation of p16 and pRb expression in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarakji, B; Alenzi, F; Al-Khuraif, A A

    2013-06-01

    Published data indicate that an inverse correlation has been identified in some tumours such as ovarian cancer and laryngeal squamous carcinoma. This study aimed to characterize alteration in the immunohistochemical expression of p16 and p Rb in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, and to assess the inverse correlation between p16 and pRb in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. A selected series of 27 cases of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma were examined at Alfarabi Dental School in 2012. The results showed an inverse correlation between p16 (normal expression) and pRb (mutated) in 15 cases. Also 3 cases showed an inverse correlation between p16 (mutated) and pRb (normal expression). p16 and pRb (both proteins with normal expression) were identified in 3 cases. p16 and pRb (both proteins inactivated) were identified in 6 cases. This study suggests the alteration of p16 and pRb expression has been detected in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenomas. They mentioned that if the function of one gene such as p16 or pRb was abrogated the other gene would be overexpressed or unaffected ini 18 out of 27 cases.

  19. Correlation between 3 T apparent diffusion coefficient values and grading of invasive breast carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cipolla, Valentina, E-mail: valentina.cipolla@yahoo.it [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome (Italy); Santucci, Domiziana; Guerrieri, Daniele; Drudi, Francesco Maria [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome (Italy); Meggiorini, Maria Letizia [Department of Gynaecological Sciences, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome (Italy); Felice, Carlo de [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome (Italy)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Apparent diffusion coefficient is a quantitative parameter which reflects molecular water movement. • Grading is an independent prognostic factor which correlates with other histopathological features. • Apparent diffusion coefficient values were significantly different between G1 and G3 classes. - Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) provided by 3.0 T (3 T) magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) varied according to the grading of invasive breast carcinoma. Materials and methods: A total of 92 patients with 96 invasive breast cancer lesions were enrolled; all had undergone 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for local staging. All lesions were confirmed by histological analysis, and tumor grade was established according to the Nottingham Grading System (NGS). MRI included both dynamic contrast-enhanced and DWI sequences, and ADC value was calculated for each lesion. ADC values were compared with NGS classification using the Mann–Whitney U and the Kruskal–Wallis H tests. Grading was considered as a comprehensive prognostic factor, and Rho Spearman test was performed to determine correlation between grading and tumor size, hormonal receptor status, HER2 expression and Ki67 index. Pearson's Chi square test was carried out to compare grading with the other prognostic factors. Results: ADC values were significantly higher in G1 than in G3 tumors. No significant difference was observed when G1 and G3 were compared with G2. Tumor size, hormonal receptor status, HER2 expression and Ki67 index correlated significantly with grading but there was a significant difference only between G1 and G3 related to the ER and PR status, HER2 expression and Ki67 index. There was no statistically significant difference in lesion size between the two groups. Conclusion: ADC values obtained on 3 T DWI correlated with low-grade (G1) and high-grade (G3) invasive breast carcinoma. 3

  20. H3K4 dimethylation in hepatocellular carcinoma is rare compared with other hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal carcinomas and correlates with expression of the methylase Ash2 and the demethylase LSD1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magerl, Christian; Ellinger, Jörg; Braunschweig, Till; Kremmer, Elisabeth; Koch, Lin Kristin; Höller, Tobias; Büttner, Reinhard; Lüscher, Bernhard; Gütgemann, Ines

    2010-02-01

    Methylation of core histones regulates chromatin structure and gene expression. Recent studies have demonstrated that these methylation patterns have prognostic value for some tumors. Therefore, we investigated dimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4diMe) and H3K4 methylating (Ash2 complex) and demethylating enzymes (LSD1) in carcinomas of the hepatic and gastrointestinal tract. High levels of H3K4diMe were rarely observed in 15.7% of hepatocellular carcinoma (8/51) unlike other carcinomas including, in ascending order, cholangiocellular carcinoma/adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic biliary tract, gastric carcinoma, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and neuroendocrine carcinoma (P carcinomas (38/45) and correlated directly with H3K4diMe modification (correlation coefficient r = 0.53) and LSD1 expression (r = 0.35). In contrast to other carcinomas, 65.9% (29/44) of hepatocellular carcinomas analyzed showed no LSD1 expression (P carcinomas without LSD1 expression appeared to be frequently Ash2 and H3K4diMe weak or negative (P = .004). In summary, high H3K4diMe expression is rare in hepatocellular carcinoma compared with other carcinomas (negative predictive value 92.3%), which may aid in the differential diagnosis. Lack of H3K4diMe is possibly due to complex epigenetic regulation involving Ash2 and LSD1.

  1. 颈部胸腺样分化的甲状腺癌临床病理类型探讨%Association of clinicopathological type in carcinoma of the neck showing thymus-like elements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷伟华; 谭敏华; 邹绮嫦; 郭锦辉; 陈威; 邓超桦; 欧瑞芬; 胡志雄

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨胸腺样分化的甲状腺癌(CASTLE)临床病理类型与组织发生,鉴别诊断.方法 对发生在颈部软组织、甲状腺组织,具有良、恶性胸腺样组织分化的甲状腺癌病例临床病理资料,应用免疫组化检测,结合文献资料,分析良、恶性胸腺样组织分化的甲状腺癌临床病理类型与病理组织学诊断关系.结果 3例胸腺样分化的甲状腺癌,主要表现为颈前包块,声嘶.肿瘤大小,4.0 cm× 2.5 cm×1.5 cm;1.0 cm×1.0 cm×0.8 cm;7.0 cm × 5.0 cm× 4.5 cm,切面均灰白,部分鱼肉状.镜检:表现为良性胸腺样组织分化结构,为囊性结构,囊壁见残存腮囊囊胚样组织及乳头状增生组织,形似“甲状腺微小乳头状癌”.表现为恶性胸腺样组织分化结构,为胸腺样癌组织在甲状腺内呈岛状、巢状分布,岛间有纤维分隔,瘤细胞梭形、合体样,形似甲状腺鳞状细胞癌.部分见胸腺小体样结构,间质见淋巴细胞浸润,形似甲状腺髓样癌.免疫组化:CD5,CD117,CK19,TTF-1均阳性,P63,CK18,CK7,CK,Syn,部分阳性,Ki67(<5%)阳性,CEA,EMA,Tg,S-100,CgA,Vim,阴性.结论 胸腺样分化的甲状腺癌,是一类既可发生在甲状腺组织内,又可发生于甲状腺周围软组织中,形态学与纵隔胸腺癌相似的甲状腺恶性肿瘤.胸腺样组织分化结构,多表现为恶性胸腺样肿瘤的甲状腺癌,易误诊为甲状腺鳞状细胞癌和甲状腺髓样癌.少部分表现为良性胸腺样囊肿,囊壁间见微小乳头状结构,形似甲状腺微小乳头状癌.结合部位,病理组织学特征,免疫组化CD5,CD117,TTF-1,CK19检测有助于鉴别诊断.%Objective To study the clinicopathological type,histogenesis and differential diagnosis of carcinoma of the neck showing thymus-like elements (CASTLE).Methods With clinical and pathological data of benign and malignant thymus-like differentiation of thyroid cancer cases occur in the soft tissues of the neck,thyroid tissue

  2. Renal cell carcinoma in children: a clinicopathologic study%儿童肾细胞癌的临床、病理特点及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宏程; 黄澄如; 孙宁; 张潍平; 何乐建; 白继武; 伏利兵

    2013-01-01

    目的 总结小儿肾细胞癌的临床病理特点和远期疗效. 方法 回顾性分析1973年1月至2012年3月收治的29例儿童肾细胞癌患者的临床资料.患儿年龄2.5~ 16.0岁,平均9.6岁.男16例,女13例.左侧16例,右侧13例.无痛肉眼血尿17例(3例为外伤后血尿),血尿+腹部包块3例,腹部包块3例,腹痛2例,血尿+腹痛1例,B超检查偶然发现3例. 结果 29例中3例因肿瘤直径<7 cm行保留肾单位手术;1例因肿瘤直径15 cm包绕腹主动脉和下腔静脉行肿瘤姑息切除;1例肿瘤巨大,最大径25 cm,术中有肉眼残留;余24例均行根治性肾切除术.肿瘤直径2.5~25.0 cm,平均6.8 cm.T1N0M0 16例,T1N1M0 5例,T2N1M0 3例,T3N1M0 2例,T4N1M0 2例,T4N1M11例.病理检查示Xp11.2易位相关肾癌21例,其中淋巴结转移11例(52.4%),透明细胞癌6例,乳头状癌2例.21例获随访,其中Xp11.2易位相关肾癌13例、透明细胞癌6例、乳头状癌2例.随访时间1.5 ~ 34.0年,平均12.3年.3例(均为Xp11.2相关肾癌,T1N0M0 1例,T4N1M12例)肿瘤复发后死亡,18例(T1N0M011例,T1N1M02例,T2N1M03例,T3N1M01例和T4N1M11例)无瘤存活. 结论 儿童肾细胞癌少见,多见于5岁以上儿童,血尿为主要症状.Xp11.2易位相关肾癌为主要病理类型,易出现局部淋巴结转移,分期高,但在儿童表现为生物活性惰性.手术切除是主要的治疗方法,对于肿瘤直径<7 cm者主张行保留肾单位手术.对于Ⅰ、Ⅱ期和T1-2N1M0的局限性肾细胞癌可仅行手术切除,术后无需辅助治疗.%Objective To discuss the unique biological,histological and clinical features of pediatric renal cell carcinoma (RCC).Methods A retrospective review and biological analysis of all RCC cases presenting to our hospital from January 1973 to March 2012 was undertaken.Results Twenty-nine RCC pediatric patients (16 boys,13 girls) with mean age of 9.6 (range 2.5-16.0) years were identified.The presentations included hematuria in 17 (58.6

  3. Cytokeratin 20 (CK20 and apomucin 1 (MUC1 expression in ampullary carcinoma: Correlation with tumor progression and prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nishi Takeshi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We assessed the expression of cytokeratin (CK and apomucin (MUC in ampullary carcinoma (AC to develop a system for the classification of ACs on the basis of their clinical significance. Method We studied the expressions of CK7, CK20, MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC6 in 43 patients with ACs. Clinical data were obtained retrospectively by examining surgically resected ACs of the patients. Results We classified the cases into 3 groups: tumors expressing CK20 and lacking MUC1 (intestinal type [I-type], 26%, tumors expressing MUC1 and lacking CK20 (pancreatobiliary type [PB-type], 35%, and those expressing or lacking both CK20 and MUC1 (other type [O-type], 39%. Eight (73% of 11 I-type carcinomas, 3 (20% of 15 PB-type carcinomas, and 4 (24% of 17 O-type carcinomas were classified as pT1. The number of I-type carcinomas in the early tumor stages was significantly higher than the number of PB- and O-type carcinomas (p = 0.014 and p = 0.018, respectively. The 5-year survival rates for pT1, pT2, and pT3 tumors were 76%, 33%, and 22%, respectively (p Conclusions The immunohistochemical subtypes based on CK and MUC expression correlated with tumor progression. Gastric MUC5AC and MUC6 coexpression correlated with better prognosis for O-type ACs.

  4. Correlation of genomic and expression alterations of AS3 with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Zhang; Xiaoping Huang; Jun Qi; Cai Yan; Xin Xu; Yaling Han; Mingrong Wang

    2008-01-01

    Androgen-induced proliferation shutoff gene AS3, also known as APRIN, is a growth inhibitory gene that is in itially implicated inprostate cancer. This gene is required for androgen-dependent growth arrest and is a primary target for 1,25(OH)2D3 and androgens. Alle-lic loss at AS3 locus has been linked to a variety of cancers. However, the correlation of genomic and expression alterations of AS3 with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is not well established. In this study, the genomic and expression alterations of AS3 in ESCC and their clinical significance are evaluated. Loss of beterozygosity (LOH) analysis using an AS3 intragenic mierosatellite marker D13S171 revealed 72% allelic loss at AS3 locus in ESCC, which is significantly correlated with higher pathological grade (P=0.042).RT-PCR examination showed that AS3 mRNA obviously decreased in 44% tumors and its down-regulation was correlated with the sex of patients (P=0.03). Furthermore, the correlation between genomic and expression alterations of AS3 gene was analyzed in 18 ESCC specimens, which indicated that the consistency between allelic loss and decreased mRNA expression of AS3 was relatively poor. The results of this study indicate that the aberrant expression of AS3 may be involved in the tumorigenesis of esophagus and is responsible for the male predominance of ESCC.

  5. MR imaging features and staging of neuroendocrine carcinomas of the uterine cervix with pathological correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duan, Xiaohui; Zhang, Xiang; Hu, Huijun; Li, Guozhao; Wang, Dongye; Zhang, Fang; Shen, Jun [Sun Yat-Sen University, Department of Radiology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Guangzhou (China); Ban, Xiaohua [Sun Yat-Sen University, Medical Imaging and Minimally Invasive Interventional Center and State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China, Cancer Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China); Wang, Charles Qian [Sun Yat-Sen University, Department of Radiology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Guangzhou (China); University of New South Wales, JMO, Westmead Hospital, Sydney (Australia)

    2016-12-15

    To determine MR imaging features and staging accuracy of neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) of the uterine cervix with pathological correlations. Twenty-six patients with histologically proven NECs, 60 patients with squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), and 30 patients with adenocarcinomas of the uterine cervix were included. The clinical data, pathological findings, and MRI findings were reviewed retrospectively. MRI features of cervical NECs, SCCs, and adenocarcinomas were compared, and MRI staging of cervical NECs was compared with the pathological staging. Cervical NECs showed a higher tendency toward a homogeneous signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging and a homogeneous enhancement pattern, as well as a lower ADC value of tumour and a higher incidence of lymphadenopathy, compared with SCCs and adenocarcinomas (P < 0.05). An ADC value cutoff of 0.90 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s was robust for differentiation between cervical NECs and other cervical cancers, with a sensitivity of 63.3 % and a specificity of 95 %. In 21 patients who underwent radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy, the overall accuracy of tumour staging by MR imaging was 85.7 % with reference to pathology staging. Homogeneous lesion texture and low ADC value are likely suggestive features of cervical NECs and MR imaging is reliable for the staging of cervical NECs. (orig.)

  6. Neuroendocrine differentiated breast carcinoma: imaging features correlated with clinical and histopathological findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guenhan-Bilgen, Isil; Ustuen, Esin Emin; Memis, Aysenur [Department of Radiology, Ege University Hospital, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey); Zekioglu, Osman; Erhan, Yildiz [Department of Pathology, Ege University Hospital, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

    2003-04-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the imaging features of neuroendocrine differentiated breast carcinoma (NEDBC) and to correlate the radiological findings with the clinical and histopathological findings. A retrospective review of the mammograms of 1845 histopathologically proven breast cancer cases revealed five NEDBC. The clinical, imaging, and histopathological findings were analyzed. On mammography, a high-density mass was seen in all patients. The shape of the mass was round in 4 and irregular in 1 patient. The margins were spiculated in 2, indistinct in 1, microlobulated in 1, and partially obscured in 1 patient. On sonography, 4 patients had homogeneously hypoechoic masses with normal sound transmission. In 1 patient the mass was heterogeneously hypoechoic with mild posterior acoustic enhancement. The margins were microlobulated in 2, irregular in 2, and well-circumscribed in 1 patient. Neuroendocrine differentiated breast carcinoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of mammographically dense, round masses with predominantly spiculated or lobulated margins. Sonographically, they mostly present as irregular or microlobulated, homogeneously hypoechoic masses with normal sound transmission. (orig.)

  7. DNA COPY PROFILE IN NASOPHARYNGEAL CARCINOMA AND ITS CORRELATION WITH CLINICAL STAGING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鄢践; 方嬿; 梁启万; 曾益新

    2001-01-01

    To detect genetic alterations in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Cantonese, the population with the highest incidence of NPC, and to correlate the findings with clinical staging. Methods: Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was performed on 35 primary nasopharyngeal carcinomas and a nonparametric χ2 test was used to analyze relationship between chromosome changes and clinical staging. Results: The identified common chromosomal alterations in NPC included gain of chromosomes 12q (21 cases, 60%), 4q (19cases, 43%), 3q (18 cases, 51%), 1q (15 cases, 43%),8q (14 cases, 40%), and 2q (12 cases, 30%). The most frequently detected loss of chromosomal materials involved chromosome 1p (24 cases, 69%), chromosome 3p (21 cases, 60%), 11q (20 cases, 57%), 14q (18 cases, 51%), 16q (14 cases, 40%), 13(12 cases, 34%), and 9p(11 cases, 31%). The high frequency (>50%) 4q gain and 1p loss were novel findings. Compared by nonparametric χ2 test, gains on 12q and 8q were found mainly in stages Ⅲ/Ⅳ and there were significant differences between two clinical stage groups ( stagesⅠ/Ⅱvs stages Ⅲ/Ⅳ). Conclusions: Current analysis has revealed a comprehensive profile of the chromosomal regions showing DNA copy number changes, which may harbor oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes involved in the development of primary NPC.

  8. Echo-Patterns of SmaII HepatoceIlular Carcinoma : A Pathologic Correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Gil Hyun; Lim, Joo Won; Lee, Dong Ho; Ko, Young Tae; Yoon, Yup; Kim, Yoon Wha [Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-06-15

    To evaluate the relationship of echo-patterns with pathologic findings in small hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). Sonographic and pathologic correlation was done retrospectively in l5 cases of small HCC ({<=} 3cm). The echogenecity of the lesion was compared with that of the adjacent normal liver parenchyma and classified into hypoechogenicity, isoechogenicity, and hyperechogenicity. The resected lesions we reanalyzed regarding the presence of coagulation necrosis, hemorrhage, fatty change, interstitial fibrosis, and sinusoidal dilatation. Assuming that those features contributed to the echogenicity of the lesion, we counted the number of the pathologic features that were seen in the resected lesion. Nine lesions classified asisoechoic, four lesions as hypoechoic, and two lesions as hyperechoic. At pathologic examination of the resected lesion, interstitial fibrosis was seen in 5 cases (33%), sinusoidal dilatation in 4(27%), coagulation necrosis in 2(l3%), fatty change in 2(l3%), and hemorrhage in 1(7%). All hypoechoic lesions were composed of purely cellular component without evidence of the pathologic features described above. The average number of the pathologic features was 1 in iso echoic lesion and 2 in hyperechoic lesion. Echo-patterns of small hepatocellular carcinoma are considered to be related with pathologic findings. Coagulation necrosis, hemorrhage, fatty change,interstitial fibrosis, and sinusoidal dilatation contribute to the increased echogenicity of small HCC

  9. 乳头状肾细胞癌32例临床病理分析%Papillary renal cell carcinoma:clinicopathologic analysis of 32 cases with literature review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荣超; 周志毅; 蔡颖; 徐卓群; 邹新农; 梁加贝; 杨树东

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To analyze the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features, differential diagnosis and prognosis of papil-lary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC). Methods Thirty-two cases of PRCC diagnosed were reviewed. A retrospective study was per-formed including reviewing the clinical documents, pathological sections and immunohistochemical stainning and follow-up was made of 32 cases of PRCC. Twenty-one patients were treated with radical nephrectomy, eleven patients were treated with partial nephrectomy. Results Among 770 cases of renal epithelial tumors 32(4. 2%) cases of PRCC were detected. Histologically, the PRCC were charac-terized by varying proportions of papillary and tubular architecture covered by single or multiple layer of tumor cells with scanty or volu-minous basophilic or eosinophilic cytoplasm. Foam cells and psammoma bodies were seen in some papillary cores and stroma, and the cytoplasm of some tumor cells contained hemosiderin. Of these 32 patients, 18 and 14 were diagnosed type-Ⅰand type-IIPRCC, re-spectively. Type-I, with small cuboid cell and pale cytoplasm, 16 of them were low in Fuhrman grading, Type-II, with large colunmar cells, rich in eosinophilic cytoplasm, 12 of them were high in Fuhrman grading. Immunohistochemically, the PRCC showed positive immunostaining for vimentin, EMA, CK(AE1/AE3), CK7, CD10 and AMACR. All the tumors studied were negative for CK (34βE12) and TFE-3. Follow-up data were available for 31 cases, 4 patients died of cancer specific causes, 1 with type-Ⅰand 3 with type-II tumors after surgery. The other 27 patients were alive without recurrence or metastasis. High Fuhrman grading, intravascular tumor emboli, lymph node metastasis and high clinical stage were prognostic indicators in PRCC. Conclusions PRCC with unique pathological features is not a common subtype of renal cell carcinoma in China. The presence of higher nuclear grade, sarcomatoid ele-ments or clear cell carcinoma structure may indicate an aggressive

  10. A clinicopathologic analysis of 31 patients with solid papillary carcinoma of breast%乳腺实性乳头状癌31例临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建华; 贺同新; 丁雨飞; 魏溪; 张虹

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the clinicopathologic features,immunophenotype,diagnosis and differential diagnosis of solid papillary carcinoma (SPC) of breast.Methods A retrospective study was performed to analyse the clinicopathologic features and immunophenotype of 31 cases of SPC with or without invasion.The cytokeratins (CK),myoepithelial markers,neuroendocrine markers,proliferation marker Ki-67,estrogen receptor (ER),progesterone receptor (PR),HER2,ect were detected by immunohistochemical staining,and HER2 was detected by FISH.All patients were followed up.Results All the patients were females with a mean age of (67.0±12.5) years.The presenting symptom was a painless mass with or without nipple discharge.In 19 cases who had undergone axillar lymph node dissection,only one metastasis was observed.General observation showed that tumors had substantive and nodular lesions,accompanied by cyst formation.Microscopy examination showed that tumors had swell and substantive nodules with only fine fiber vascular axis,and lacked obvious nipples and screen structure.The cells were lack of atypia,adhesive in cells nest.20 patients were accompanied by mucus secretion.Immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor cells expressed CK8/18,ER,PR,but didn' t express basal cell CK5/6,34β12.The positive rates of CK5/6,34β12,p63 were 3.23 % (1/31),9.68 % (3/31),6.45 % (2/31) in the myoepithelial layers of axis of papillary,and were 19.25 % (6/31),38.71% (12/31),16.13 % (5/31) in peripheral cell nests and tumors,respectively.The positive rates of CgA,Syn,NSE,Cd56 were 83.87 % (26/31),87.10 % (27/31),93.55 % (29/31),90.32 % (28/31),respectively.The staining of HER2 oncoprotein was negative mostly,and the FISH detection outcome of 15 cases were all negative.The average positive index of Ki-67 was 4.12 %.28 cases (90.23 %) received follow-up,only 1 patient died,and the rest patients were without tumor recurrence or metastasis.Conclusions SPC of breast,a rare pathologic

  11. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma: correlation with angiogenesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ren, J. [Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an (China); Huan, Y. [Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an (China)], E-mail: huanyi3000@163.com; Wang, H. [Department of Urology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an (China); Chang, Y.-J.; Zhao, H.-T.; Ge, Y.-L.; Liu, Y.; Yang, Y. [Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an (China)

    2008-02-15

    Aim: To investigate the diagnostic and differential diagnostic values of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) in prostatic diseases, and to investigate the correlation between the parameters of SI-T curves and angiogenesis. Materials and methods: Twenty-one patients with proven prostatic carcinoma (Pca) and 29 patients with proven benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) were examined using DCE MRI. Diagnostic characteristics for differentiation were examined using threshold values for maximum peak time, enhancement degree, and enhancement rate. Then, the signal intensity-time curves (SI-T curves) were analysed, and the correlations between the parameters of SI-T curves and the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvascular density (MVD) were investigated. All patients underwent prostatectomy. DCE MRI and histological findings were correlated. Results: Pca showed stronger enhancement with an earlier peak time, higher enhancement, and enhancement rate (p < 0.05). Regarding the type of SI-T curves, in the BPH group six were type A, 10 were type B, and 13 were type C, whereas in the Pca group, 14 were type A, six were type B, and only one was type C (Chi-square test, {chi}{sup 2} = 13.57, P < 0.005). The VEGF and MVD expression levels of Pca were higher than those of BPH. Peak time was negatively correlated with the expression levels of VEGF and MVD, whereas the enhancement degree and enhancement rate showed positive correlations (Pearson correlation, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Based on T2-weighted imaging, DCE MRI curves can help to differentiate benign from malignant prostate tissue. In the present study the type C curve was rarely seen with malignant disease, but these results need confirmation.

  12. Radiologic and pathological correlation of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast; A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung Gyu; Kim, Shin Young; Jung, Hae Yoen; Kim, Sung Yong; Lee, Deuk Young; Park, Sang Hyun [Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Sang Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Plus Internal Medicine Clinic, Suncheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a subtype of adenocarcinoma that is usually seen in the salivary glands. It has also been reported in other organs including the breast, skin, tracheobronchial tree, cervix, larynx, and Bartholin gland. ACC in the breast is rare, accounting for less than 0.1% of all breast cancers. Furthermore, the imaging characteristics of ACC of the breast have not been well described in the literature, especially regarding the findings with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Here, we report radiologic findings of a rare case of ACC in the breast by mammography, sonography, computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography/CT, and MRI with pathologic correlation and a review of the literature.

  13. A study on p53 gene alterations in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and their correlation to common dietary risk factors among population of the Kashmir valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Imtiyaz Murtaza; Dhuha Mushtaq; Mushtaq A Margoob; Amit Dutt; Nisar Ahmad Wani; Ishfaq Ahmad; Mohan Lal Bhat

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To systematically examine the extent of correlation of risk factors, such as age, consumed dietary habit and familial predisposition with somatic Tp53 molecular lesion causal to elevate carcinogenesis severity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) among the Kashmiri population of Northern India.METHODS: All cases (n = 51) and controls (n = 150) were permanent residents of the Kashmir valley. Genetic alterations were determined in exons 5-8 of Tp53 tumor suppressor gene among 45 ESCC cases histologically confirmed by PCR-SSCP analysis. Data for individual cancer cases (n = 45) and inpatient controls (n = 150) with non-cancer disease included information on family history of cancer, thirty prevailing common dietary risk factors along with patient's age group. Correlation of genetic lesion in p53 exons to animistic data from these parameters was generated by Chi-square test to all 45 histologically confirmed ESCC cases along with healthy controls.RESULTS: Thirty-five of 45 (77.8%) histologically characterized tumor samples had analogous somatic mutation as opposed to 1 of 45 normal sample obtained from adjacent region from the same patient showed germline mutation. The SSCP analysis demonstrated that most common p53 gene alterations were found in exon 6 (77.7%), that did not correlate with the age of the individual and clinicopathological parameters but showed significant concordance (P < 0.05) with familial history of cancer (CD = 58), suggesting germline predisposition at an unknown locus, and dietary habit of consuming locally grown Brassica vegetable "Hakh" (CD = 19.5),red chillies (CD = 20.2), hot salty soda tea (CD = 2.37) and local baked bread (CD = 1.1).CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that somatic chromosomal mutations, especially in exon 6 of Tp53 gene, among esophageal cancer patients of an ethnically homogenous population of Kashmir valley are closely related to continued exposure to various common dietary risk factors, especially hot salty tea

  14. Correlation of exon 3 β-catenin mutations with glutamine synthetase staining patterns in hepatocellular adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Gillian; Liu, Xinxin; Hu, Junjie; Xu, Zhong; Che, Li; Solomon, David; Tsokos, Christos; Shafizadeh, Nafis; Chen, Xin; Gill, Ryan; Kakar, Sanjay

    2016-11-01

    The current clinical practice is based on the assumption of strong correlation between diffuse glutamine synthetase expression and β-catenin activation in hepatocellular adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. This high correlation is based on limited data and may represent an oversimplification as glutamine synthetase staining patterns show wide variability in clinical practice. Standardized criteria for interpreting diverse glutamine synthetase patterns, and the association between each pattern and β-catenin mutations is not clearly established. This study examines the correlation between glutamine synthetase staining patterns and β-catenin mutations in 15 typical hepatocellular adenomas, 5 atypical hepatocellular neoplasms and 60 hepatocellular carcinomas. Glutamine synthetase staining was classified into one of the three patterns: (a) diffuse homogeneous: moderate-to-strong cytoplasmic staining in >90% of lesional cells, without a map-like pattern, (b) diffuse heterogeneous: moderate-to-strong staining in 50-90% of lesional cells, without a map-like pattern, and (c) patchy: moderate-to-strong staining in glutamine synthetase staining (homogeneous or heterogeneous), an exon 3 β-catenin mutation was detected in 33% (2/6) of typical hepatocellular adenoma, 75% (3/4) of atypical hepatocellular neoplasm and 17% (8/47) of hepatocellular carcinomas. An exon 3 mutation was also observed in 15% (2/13) of hepatocellular carcinomas with patchy glutamine synthetase staining. The results show a modest correlation between diffuse glutamine synthetase immunostaining and exon 3 β-catenin mutations in hepatocellular adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma with discrepancy rates >50% in both hepatocellular adenoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. The interpretation of β-catenin activation based on glutamine synthetase staining should be performed with caution, and the undetermined significance of various glutamine synthetase patterns should be highlighted in pathology reports.

  15. Carcinoma bronquíolo-alveolar difuso em um cão: aspectos clínico-patológicos e imuno-histoquímicos Diffuse bronchioloalveolar carcinoma in a dog: clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Barbosa Lucena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Um cão Poodle, 12 anos de idade, demonstrou marcada dispneia. Na radiografia, havia comprometimento difuso do pulmão e foi feito diagnóstico de pneumonia intersticial. Na necropsia, o pulmão continha múltiplos e pequenos nódulos coalescentes. Histologicamente, os nódulos eram compostos por células epiteliais cuboides ou colunares baixas atípicas, que eram PAS-negativa. A avaliação imuno-histoquímica revelou positividade para citoceratina, fator 1 de transcrição da tireoide (TTF-1 e apoproteína A surfactante (SP-A. O tumor foi negativo para vimentina e cromogranina A. As áreas necróticas não marcaram para TTF-1 e SP-A. Com base nos achados histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos, foi realizado o diagnóstico de carcinoma bronquíolo-alveolar não mucinoso com envolvimento difuso do pulmão. Essa é uma forma rara de apresentação desse tumor que pode mimetizar pneumonia na avaliação clínica e radiográfica. O diagnóstico definitivo é baseado na histopatologia e imuno-histoquímica.A 12-year-old poodle dog was presented with a history of severe dyspnea. Radiology revealed diffuse pulmonary lesion which was diagnosed as interstitial pneumonia. At necropsy there were multiple small coalescent nodules distributed throughout the lung parenchyma. Histologically the nodules consisted of cubic to low columnar atypical epithelial cells which were PAS-negatives. In the immunohistochemistry reaction this cells were marked for cytokeratin, TTF (thyroid transcription factor-1 and surfactant apoprotein A (SP-A. The neoplastic cells were negative for vimentin and cromagranine A. The necrotic areas were not marked for TTF-1 and SP-A. Based of the histopathological and immunohistochemistry findings a diagnosis of non-mucinous bronchioloalveolar carcinoma with diffuse involvement of the lung was made. This is a rare form of presentation for this tumor, and it can mimetize pneumonia on clinical and morphological examination. A definitive

  16. The Expression of Notch 1 and Notch 3 in Gallbladder Cancer and Their Clinicopathological Significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Luyao; Yang, Zhu-Lin; Wang, Chunwei; Miao, Xiongying; Liu, Zhiyu; Li, Daiqiang; Zou, Qiong; Li, Jinghe; Liang, Lufeng; Zeng, Guixiang; Chen, Senlin

    2016-07-01

    Gallbladder cancers (GBCs) are highly malignant gastrointestinal cancers. The biological makers for the prognosis and targeting therapy of GBCs have not been established. The protein expression of Notch 1 and Notch 3 in 46 squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASCs) and 80 adenocarcinomas (AC) was measured using immunohistochemistry. Positive Notch 1 and Notch 3 expression in both SC/ASC and AC was significantly associated with large tumor size, invasion, metastasis, and low surgical curability (P Notch 1 and Notch 3 expression was significantly associated with mean survival of SC/ASC and AC patients (P Notch 1 and Notch 3 expression, as well as low differentiation, large tumor size, high TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and surgical curability are independent poor-prognostic factors in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Positive Notch 1 and Notch 3 expression is closely correlated with severe clinicopathological characteristics and poor prognosis in both SC/ASC and AC patients.

  17. Robinson′s cytological grading on aspirates of breast carcinoma: Correlation with Bloom Richardson′s histological grading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinha S

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Cytological grading (CG on aspirates of breast carcinoma is a useful tool for surgical maneuver and prognosis. Aims : An endeavor was made to use CG on aspirates of breast carcinoma using Robinson′s grade and to correlate it with Bloom Richardsons′ histopathological grading. Materials and Methods : A total of 59 patients of breast carcinoma, aged 28-57 years, were aspirated and the smears were graded using Robinson′s criteria. All the cases were correlated with Bloom Richardson′s grade on histopathology in mastectomy specimens. Lymphadenopathy in 38 cases was aspirated and stained with Papanicolaou and Romanowsky stain. Results : Robinson′s CG correlated well with Bloom Richardson′s histopathological grading. For grade I and II tumors, there was substantial strength of agreement between cytology and histopathology, while in grade III, the concordance was nearly perfect. Lymph node metastasis was found in 27 of 32 axillary nodes, three of five cervical nodes and the only palpable supraclavicular node. Lymph node metastasis was observed in three with cytological grade II, 28 of grade III and none of grade I. All grade I had stage A, two of grade II had stage B, while all grade III had either stage B or stage C disease. Conclusions : Thus, CG of breast carcinoma correlates well with histopathological grading and may well be useful as a prognostic marker.

  18. Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated Lymphoepithelioma-Like Gastric Carcinoma Presenting as a Submucosal Mass: CT Findings with Pathologic Correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Won; Shin, Hyeong Cheol; Kim, Il Young; Kim, Chang Jin; Lee, Ji Hye; Lee, Chang Kyun; Jeong, Dong Jun [Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan(Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    A lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma, characterized by a carcinoma with heavy lymphocyte infiltration, is one of the histological patterns observed in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated gastric carcinoma. Less than half of invasive carcinomas with lymphoepithelioma-like histology can grow to make a submucosal mass. These tumors generally have a better prognosis than conventional adenocarcinomas. We report a case of an EBV-associated lymphoepitheliomalike gastric carcinoma that presented as a submucosal mass on multi-detector (MD) CT and correlate them with the pathology

  19. Breast magnetic resonance imaging in patients with occult breast carcinoma: evaluation on feasibility and correlation with histopathological findings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Hong; XU Yi-lin; ZHANG Shu-ping; LANG Rong-gang; Chi S.Zee; LIU Pei-fang; FU Li

    2011-01-01

    Background As an uncommon presentation, occult primary breast cancer remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in clinical practice. This study aimed to retrospectively assess the feasibility of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with malignant axillary lymphadenopathy and unknown primary malignancy, and correlation with histopathological characteristics.Methods A total of 35 women with occult breast carcinoma were evaluated with dynamic contrast-enhanced breast MRI. Whole seriate section was used in all cases. MRI performance was assessed and correlated with histopathological findings.Results Twenty-one of 35 patients were found to have primary breast carcinoma histologically. Twenty of the 21 patients had abnormal MR findings and 1 patient had a normal MRI study. Of the remaining 14 patients, 10 were negative on both MRI and surgery. Four had suspicious enhancement on MRI and no corresponding tumor was found. Lesions with mass enhancement were found in 55% (11/20) and ductual and segmental enhancement in 45%. The average diameter of the primary tumors was 15 mm. Invasive ductal carcinomas were found in 81% (17/21). One of 17 invasive ductual carcinomas was too small to be graded. Fourteen of the remaining 16 were classified as grade II and 2 as grade I. Thirty-two of the 35 patients had received estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 examinations and the 12 of 32 were triple-negative breast carcinoma.Conclusions Mass lesions with small size and lesions with ductal or segment enhancement are common MRI features in patients with occult breast cancer. The dominant types of primary tumors are invasive ductal carcinoma with moderate histopathological grade. The rate of triple-negative breast carcinoma may be higher in occult breast cancer.

  20. 26例子宫颈小细胞癌临床病理特征及预后分析%Analysis on clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of small cell carcinoma of the cervix in 26 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李荣岗; 陈兰花; 孙丽霞; 廖悦华; 刘琼茹; 余卫东

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of small cell carcinoma of the cervix (SCCC). Methods 26 cases of patients with SCCC were selected,the clinical and pathological date was retrospec-tively analyzed,the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was analyzed. Results In 26 cases of patients,24 patients presented with symptoms of abnormal vaginal bleeding or postcoital spotting,2 patients presented with irregular menstruation,atypical cells were found through cervical liquid thin-layer cytology examination in 15 patients for physi-cal examination.In 26 patients,10 patients were stage ⅠB1,8 patients were stage ⅠB2,2 patients were stage IIA2,4 patients were stageⅢB and 2 patients were stageⅣB.Histological features showed that,tumor cells were irregular nests patchy distribution,size and shape of tumor cell was consistent,short round or spindle,cytoplasm was less,nuclear hyper-chromatism,nucleoli was lack and nuclear fission like see was more,of which,2 cases of merger moderately fifferentiated adenocarcinoma,2 cases of merger cervical high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)Ⅲ.26 patients were all taken with immunohistochemical staining,the positive rate of cytokeratin (CK) was 100%,of epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) was 84.6%,of neuron specific enolose (NSE) was 100%,of synaptophysin (Syn) was 92.3%,of CD56 was 92.3%,of Chro-mogranin A (CgA) was 69.2%,of TTF1 was 7.7%,of Ki67 was 70%~90%. Conclusion SCCC is rare relatively,and has no special clinical manifestation,morphologically,it is similar to small cell cancer of lung,immunohistochemisty,tumor cells express neuroendocrine markers,recurrence and metastasis can be found in most patients early,and high malignant degree and poor prognosis.%目的:探讨宫颈小细胞癌(SCCC)的临床病理特征及预后。方法收集26例原发性SCCC患者,回顾性分析其临床病理资料、特征及预后。结果26例患者中,24例患者表现为宫颈接

  1. Expression and Clinicopathologic Significance of EpCAM and E-Cadherin in Urothelial Carcinoma of Renal Pelvis%肾盂癌中EpCAM和E-Cadherin的表达及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单立平; 卜仁戈; 张墨; 李波; 吴斌; 宋永胜

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the pmgnostic value of EpCAM and E-Cadherin in urothelial carcinoma of rpnal pelvis. Methods Ep-CAM and E-Cadherin were analyzed by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antiliodies in 50 cases of normal mucosa and 76 cases of urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis. Results The positive rate of EpCAM in urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis was 60.5% .which was significantly higher than in para-cancerous mucosa of 27.6%. The expression of EpCAM was significantly related with the differential clinical stage,pathological degree,distant metastasis and bladder tumor recurrence (all P< 0.05). The expression of E-Cadherin was significantly re-lated with the differential clinical stage,pathological degree and distant metastasis (all P < 0.05). There was negative correlation between the expression of EpCAM and E-Cadherin in urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis ( r =-0.425,P < 0.01). Conclusion The expression EpCAM and E-Cadherin are highly related to occurrence,development,infiltration and metastasis of urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis,and evaluation of the two proteins could be a very applicable guidance for the diagnosis of metastasis and invasion of urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis.%目的 探讨EpCAM和E-Cadherin的表达与肾盂癌病理分级和临床分期的关系.方法 应用免疫组织化学SP法检测76例不同级别肾盂癌和50例癌旁正常组织中EpCAM和E-Cadherin的表达.结果 EpCAM在肾盂癌阳性表达率为60.5%(46/76),明显高于癌旁组织27.6%(21/76),差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);EpCAM的表达与肾盂癌不同临床分期、病理分级、远处转移及继发膀胱肿瘤相关(P<0.05);EpCAM与E-Cadherin在肾盂癌中表达呈负相关(r=-0.425,P< 0.01).结论 EpCAM及E-Cadherin的表达变化与肾盂癌的发生发展、浸润转移有良好的相关性,同步检测二者在肾盂癌组织中的表达并综合分析两者之间的关系对评价肾盂癌的侵袭转移能力判断具有一定价值.

  2. Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder: a clinicopathologic study of 16 cases%膀胱浆细胞样尿路上皮癌16例临床病理特征和预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟; 蒋艳霞; 刘燕; 于文娟; 赵辉; 李玉军

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨膀胱浆细胞样尿路上皮癌(PUC)的临床病理特征和预后.方法 对16例膀胱PUC进行临床病理学和免疫组织化学MaxVision法染色观察,并进行随访和文献复习.结果 本组患者男15例,女1例;年龄40~85岁(平均64岁),60岁以上者11例.首发症状大多数表现为肉眼血尿(15例).组织学上,瘤细胞黏附性差,多弥漫排列,也可呈条索状、乳头状、巢团状或腺泡状,胞质丰富,嗜酸性,核偏位、深染,呈显著的浆细胞样,核分裂象易见.多数瘤组织侵及固有膜或肌层.12例伴有尿路上皮癌成分.免疫组织化学:16例患者组织中AE1/AE3、上皮细胞膜抗原(EMA)、CK7、CK18均为弥漫强阳性,CK20和uroplakinⅢ各9例阳性,p63和E-cadherin分别有11例和10例表达,癌胚抗原阳性12例,p53阳性13例,CD138阳性15例,Ki-67阳性指数5%~70%(平均30%).而波形蛋白、白细胞共同抗原(LCA)、κ、λ、S-100蛋白、HMB 45、MelanA、平滑肌肌动蛋白及结蛋白均阴性.13例获得随访,随访时间3个月至10年,3例分别于术后3、27个月和5年死亡;2例复发,其中1例带瘤存活25个月,1例术后无瘤生存43个月;余8例术后7个月至10年健在.结论 PUC是尿路上皮癌的一种罕见亚型.免疫组织化学CK7、CK20、p63和uroplakinⅢ阳性,波形蛋白和LCA阴性有助于其诊断.%Objective To study the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) of the urinary bladder.Methods The clinical and pathologic findings of 16 cases of PUC were retrospectively reviewed.Immunohistochemical study (MaxVision method) was carried out.The follow-up data were analyzed.Results There were altogether 15 males and 1 female.The age of patients ranged from 40 years to 85 years (median =64 years).Most patients (15/16) presented with hematuria.The tumor cells were small to medium in size and contained eccentric nuclei and moderate to abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm

  3. Thyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation: a clinicopathologic study of 8 cases%甲状腺显示胸腺样分化癌的临床病理学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘霞; 哈德提·别克米托夫; 张巍; 王坚

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotypes and differential diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE). Methods The clinical and pathologic features of 8 cases of CASTLE were reviewed. Immunohistochemical study was performed using a panel of antibodies. ln-situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER) was also carried out.Results There were altogether 4 males and 4 females. The age of the patients ranged from 25 to 57 years (mean =48.8 years). All of them presented with painless mass at the anterior neck. Two patients also complained of hoarseness of voice. On CT scan, the tumor had a low density with contrast enhancement.Seven cases were located in the mid to lower pole and the remaining one in the upper pole of thyroid gland.Four cases were relatively circumscribed. The other 4 cases showed evidence of extrathyroidal invasion.Grossly, the tumor had a nodular or lobulated appearance and was gray-white in color, with a mean diameter of 4. 3 cm. Microscopically, the tumor was infiltrative and consisted of islands, nests or lobules of epithelial cells separated by thick fibrous septa. The fibrous stroma showed various degree of lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, resulting in a prominent lymphoepithelioma-like pattern in 3 cases. Two cases showed squamoid differentiation, mimicking thymic Hassall corpuscles. Immunohistochemically, the tumor was consistently positive for cytokeratins, CD5, bcl-2, p63 and CD117. CEA was variably expressed. The staining for thyroglobin and TFl was negative. There was no labeling for EBER in all the cases. Two patients experienced local recurrence at 22 months and 12 years after surgery, respectively. They were treated with re-resection. All patients remained well on follow up. The duration of follow up ranged from 4 to 55 months.Conclusions CASTLE is a low-grade thyroid carcinoma with the morphologic features and immunophenotypes overlapping with those of thymic

  4. Clinicopathologic features of 4 cases of solid papillary carcinoma in breast%乳腺实性乳头状癌4例临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑桂华; 陈旭东

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨乳腺实性乳头状癌(solid papillary carcinoma,SPC)的临床病理特征、免疫表型特点、鉴别诊断及预后。方法对4例SPC患者进行常规病理检查、免疫组化标记,并结合临床资料及相关文献进行分析。结果4例SPC患者均为女性,发病年龄33岁~67岁,临床表现为乳头溢血1例,发现乳腺肿块3例。镜下见肿瘤被厚纤维分隔成巢状,肿瘤细胞巢内见纤细的纤维血管轴心,轴心周围细胞成栅栏状或围绕血管呈菊形团结构。瘤细胞轻度异型,可见细胞内、外黏液,核分裂象少见。免疫组化瘤细胞均表达ER、PR、Syn、CgA,瘤巢周围肌上皮CK5/6、SMA、P63散在阳性表达或不表达,乳头轴心肌上皮CK5/6、SMA、P63见阳性表达;Ki-67均为低表达(平均阳性指数2%);C-erBb-2均为阴性。结论 SPC好发于老年女性,临床上多表现为乳头溢血或乳腺肿块,有独特的组织学及免疫组织化学特点,预后较好。%ObjectiveTo explore the clinicopathologic features,immunophenotype,antidiastole and prognosis of solid papillary carcinoma(SPC)of breast.Methods4 patients with SPC were treated by routine pathological examination,immunohistochemical markers,and clinical data,related literature were analyzed.ResultsThe 4 patients were female,aged from33 to 67 years,the clinical manifestations of 1 cases of nipple blood dischargeand 3 cases of breast lumps were found. Microscopically,the tumor was divided into nests by thick fibers and that fine delicate fibrovascular septa were discovered amid the solid proliferation. The tumor cells were mild,mucus secretion were seen inside and outside the cell. Immunohistochemistry,the tumor cells showed the expression of ER,PR,Syn,CgA.CK5/6,SMA,P63 expression were seen on myoepithelial scattered positive or not around the tumor nests,but positive on myoepithelial of the papilla axis.The average of Ki-67 index of tumor cells was 2%.All case

  5. 肾黏液样小管状和梭形细胞癌临床病理分析%Clinicopathologic analysis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of kidney

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梅; 孙琦; 王益华; 李志文; 周强

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) and to improve the recognition and diagnostic ability for MTSCC. Methods:Two patients with MTSCC of the kidney were retrospectively analyzed and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results:The tumors were histologically well-demarcated, composed of tightly packed, small and elongated tubular with pale mucinous stroma between tubules. The tumor cells were cube and spindle and displayed eosinophilic cytoplasm. The nucleus was round or oval and subtle atypia with indistinct nucleoli and rare mitosis. Scattered lymphocytes and plasmocytes were seen within the mucinous stroma. Immunohistochemically, cytokeratin 7(CK7), CK18, CK8/18 and vimentin were positive in the tumor cells;the label index of Ki-67 was less than 5%. Conclusion:MTSCC is a rare and low-grade malignant tumor of the kidney with indistinct histology and immunohistochemical type. It is helpful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MTSCC when the histologic features are identiifed.%目的:探讨肾黏液样小管状和梭形细胞癌(mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma,MTSCC)的临床病理学特征、诊断和鉴别诊断,提高对MTSCC的认识和诊断水平。方法:对2例MTSCC标本进行临床病理分析,并复习相关文献。结果:肿瘤与周围肾组织分界清楚,肿瘤由紧密排列的、小而狭长的小管构成,小管间为淡染的黏液样间质。肿瘤细胞呈立方形和梭形,肿瘤细胞胞质嗜酸性,细胞核圆形或卵圆形,异型性小,核仁不明显,核分裂像少见,在黏液性间质中可见散在淋巴细胞、浆细胞。免疫组织化学显示2例均表达细胞角蛋白(cytokeratin,CK)7,CK18, CK8/18和波形蛋白,Ki-67增殖指数<5%。结论:MTSCC是一种较罕见的低度恶性肿瘤,具有独特的组织学和免疫组织化学特征,明确该肿瘤的形

  6. Associação entre a expressão das proteínas p53 e Ki-67 e os achados clínico-patológicos em pacientes com carcinoma invasor do colo uterino Association between p53 and Ki-67 expression and clinicopathologic features in patients with carcinoma of the cervix

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    Agnaldo L. Silva-Filho

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a associação da expressão das proteínas p53 e Ki-67 no tumor com achados clínico-patológicos em pacientes com carcinoma invasor de colo uterino. MÉTODOS: foram estudadas amostras de tumor obtidas de 36 pacientes submetidas a histerectomia radical para tratamento de carcinoma invasor do colo uterino estádio IB (FIGO. Amostras do tumor foram fixadas em formol e incluídas em parafina. O material foi analisado pela histopatologia (hematoxilina e eosina e processado para marcação imuno-histoquímica por anticorpos monoclonais contra as proteínas p53 e Ki-67. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de chi2 para a avaliação das diferenças entre os grupos. RESULTADOS: a idade das pacientes variou de 27 a 73 anos (48,7±10,4 anos. O estadiamento clínico (FIGO foi IB1 em 27 casos (75% e IB2 em 9 casos (25%. A expressão tumoral da proteína p53 foi positiva em metade dos casos. Em relação à expressão do Ki-67, foi evidenciado alto grau de proliferação celular em 73,3% dos casos. Não houve associação da expressão das proteínas p53 e Ki-67 no tumor com idade (p=0,091 e 0,900, estadiamento (p=0,054 e 0,667, tipo histológico (p=0,674 e 0,674, grau de diferenciação (p=0,07 e 0,282, presença de invasão linfovascular (p=0,248 e 0,667, acometimento parametrial (p=0,729 e 0,763 e metástases para os linfonodos pélvicos (p=0,729 e 0,636, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: a expressão tumoral das proteínas p53 e Ki-67 não se associou com achados clínico-patológicos em pacientes com carcinoma invasor do colo uterino estádio IB.PURPOSE: to evaluate the association between p53 and Ki-67 expression in the tumor and clinicopathological features in patients with carcinoma of the cervix. METHODS: samples were taken from the tumor of 36 patients with stage IB (FIGO cervical carcinoma submitted to radical hysterectomy. Tissue samples were taken from the tumor, fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. The specimens were

  7. Cyclooxygenase-2 and Ki67 Expression in Oral Leukoplakia: a Clinicopathological Study

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    Alper Sinanoglu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Oral leukoplakia is a precancerous lesion of the oral mucosa. The upregulation of Ki67 and cyclooxygenase-2 has been reported in both dysplastic and non-dysplastic tissues. The aim of this clinicopathological study was to investigate the prognostic value of Ki67 and cyclooxygenase-2 expression for oral leukoplakia. Material and Methods: A total of 50 samples were investigated and the study group consisted of 30 oral leukoplakia samples. Samples of 10 intact oral mucosa and 10 squamous cell carcinoma were included as negative and positive control groups, respectively. Epithelial dysplasia was defined as oral intraepithelial neoplasia (OIN and classified into subgroups 1 - 3. Tissue samples were assessed immunohistochemically for Ki67 and cyclooxygenase-2 expression. Clinicopathological correlations of oral leukoplakia patients were also investigated. Results: All OIN 3 patients were non-smokers (P < 0.05, and homogeneous oral leukoplakia lesions also presented OIN. Both cyclooxygenase-2 and Ki67 expression increased with the severity of lesions, which defined different subgroups (P < 0.05, except there was no significant difference between the hyperkeratosis and OIN groups for Ki67 expression. Conclusions: Cyclooxygenase-2 and Ki67 expression may have a prognostic value for the malignant transformation of oral leukoplakia.

  8. Clinicopathological study of solid and pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas: Emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging findings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chi-Chang Yu; Jeng-Hwei Tseng; Chun-Nan Yeh; Tsann-Long Hwang; Yi-Yin Jan

    2007-01-01

    AIM:To report the Clinicopathological features and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of solid and pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of pancreas.METHODS:From 1981 to 2005,26 surgically treated cases of SPT were retrospectively reviewed. MRI findings of the latest 11 consecutive SPT cases were investigated.RESULTS:There were 25 women and one man having SPT (median age:23 year) with a median tumor size of 7.5 cm. Among them,nine patients developed solid pseudopapillary carcinoma. During the median follow-up period of 66 mo,the 5-year survival rate of the 26 SPT patients was 96.2%. Three MRI features were proposed including Type 1 image,displaying SPT with completely solid part. All SPT patients with type 1 image were detected incidentally. Type 2 image displays of SPT with solid mass hemorrhage and type 3 image with massive hemorrhage. All the eight SPT patients with type 2 and 3 images suffered abdominal pain due to hemorrhage from SPT.CONCLUSION:SPT had a favorable survival rate irrespective of surgical procedures,malignancy,and MRI findings,however,MRI could reliably correlate with its Clinicopathological features.

  9. Correlation between imaging and pathology in ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast

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    de Vries Jaap

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is helpful in planning treatment for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS if the size and grade could be reliably predicted from the mammography. The aims of this study were to determine if the type of calcification can be best used to predict histopathological grade from the mammograms, to examine the association of mammographic appearance of DCIS with grade and to assess the correlation between mammographic size and pathological size. Methods Mammographic films and pathological slides of 115 patients treated for DCIS between 1986 and 2000 were reviewed and reclassified by a single radiologist and a single pathologist respectively. Prediction models for the European Pathologist Working Group (EPWG and Van Nuys classifications were generated by ordinal regression. The association between mammographic appearance and grade was tested with the χ2-test. Relation of mammographic size with pathological size was established using linear regression. The relation was expressed by the correlation coefficient (r. Results The EPWG classification was correctly predicted in 68%, and the Van Nuys classification in 70% if DCIS was presented as microcalcifications. High grade was associated with presence of linear calcifications (p Conclusions Prediction of histopathological grade of DCIS presenting as microcalcifications is comparable using the Van Nuys and EPWG classification. There is no strict association of mammographic appearance with histopathological grade. There is a better linear relation between mammographic- and pathological size of DCIS presented as microcalcifications than as a density, although both relations are statistically significant.

  10. Meta-analysis of the correlation between selenium and incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ziwei; Bi, Mingyu; Liu, Qi; Yang, Jie; Xu, Shiwen

    2016-11-22

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common cancer type. There is a correlation between selenium (Se) deficiency and the incidence of HCC. To clarify the effects of Se level on the risk of HCC patients, a meta-analysis was performed. A total of 9 articles published between 1994 and 2016 worldwide were selected through searching PubMed, EMBASE, web of science, Cochrane Library, Springer Link, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Chinese Biology Medicine (CBM), and the information were analyzed using a meta-analysis method. Heterogeneity was assessed by using the I2 index. Publication bias was evaluated by Begg's Test analysis. Pooled analysis indicated that patients with HCC had lower Se levels than the healthy controls [standardized mean difference (SMD)= -1.08, 95% confidence intercal (CI) = (-0.136, -0.08), P < 0.001]. Further subgroup analysis showed this effect to be independent of the study design, race or sample collection. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested an inverse correlation between Se level and the risk of HCC in humans patients.

  11. Correlation of primary tumor size and axillary nodal status with tumor suppressor gene p53 in breast carcinoma

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    Topić Brano

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Correlation of standard path morphological prognostic parameters, primary tumor size and axillary nodal status with new prognostic factor in breast carcinoma: tumor suppressor gene p53 was analyzed. The studied sample included 65 women who underwent surgery for breast carcinoma at the Surgical Clinic of Clinical Center Banja Luka, from January 1st 1997 till January 1st 1999. Statistical data analysis was performed and correlation of prognostic factors was determined. The majority of authors in this field agree that the primary tumor size and axillary nodal status are the two most important prognostic factors. These factors are the best predictors of prognosis and survival of women who had the tumor and were operated on. Tumor markers were immunohistochemically determined in the last ten years and, according to the majority of authors, are still considered the additional or relative prognostic factors in breast carcinoma. Their prognostic value and significance increase almost daily. Most frequently determined tumor markers are bcl-2, pS2, Ki-67 and p53. There was a positive, directly proportional relationship between primary tumor size and tumor suppressor gene p53, but there was no positive correlation between the axillary nodal status and tumor suppressor gene p53. Significance of determination of new tumor markers as the prognostic factors was emphasized. These markers represent a powerful tool in the early detection and prevention of breast carcinoma.

  12. Critical appraisal of cytological nuclear grading in carcinoma of the breast and its correlation with ER/PR expression

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    Bhargava Vidhi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cytological nuclear grading is one of the several key prognostic factors that should be addressed in cytological analysis of breast carcinomas. Aims: To evaluate different cytological nuclear grading methods on fine needle aspirates of breast carcinomas and its correlation with histopathological nuclear grading as well as with the immunocytochemical expression of estrogen receptor (ER and progesterone receptor (PR. Materials and Methods: The smears from 30 cytologically proven cases of breast carcinoma were graded by - Nottingham′s modification of Scarff Bloom Richardson, Fisher′s modification of Black′s nuclear grading and Robinson′s cytological grading methods. 18 cases were available for correlation with histology grading. Results: Robbinson′s cytological grading system was found to have the best correlation with histopathology grades (P < 0.001 as well as ER (P = 0.003 and PR (P = 0.001 expression on smears. Conclusions: The Richardson′s cytology grading method is recommended for cytological nuclear grading along with ER / PR expression, without which the cytological diagnosis of breast carcinoma is incomplete.

  13. COL4A3 expression correlates with pathogenesis, pathologic behaviors, and prognosis of gastric carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Xiao-cui; Wang, Jian-Ping; Zhu, Wan; Xu, Xiao-yan; Xing, Ya-nan; Yu, Miao; Liu, Yun-peng; Takano, Yasuo; Zheng, Hua-chuan

    2013-01-01

    COL4A3 protein belongs to type IV collagen family and is closely linked to kidney diseases and cancer. To clarify the roles of COL4A3 in gastric carcinogenesis and subsequent progression, its expression was examined by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays containing gastric carcinomas, adjacent intestinal metaplasia, pure intestinal metaplasia, and gastritis. Gastric carcinoma tissue and cell lines were studied for COL4A3 expression by Western blotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. We found that COL4A3 was differentially expressed in GES-1, AGS, BGC-823, GT-3 TKB, HGC-27, KATO-III, MGC-803, MKN28, MKN45, SCH, SGC-7901, and STKM-2 at both messenger RNA and protein levels. Carcinomas showed statistically lower COL4A3 expression than matched nonneoplastic mucosa (P carcinoma (P carcinoma than gastritis (P carcinomas regardless of invasion into the muscularis propria (P carcinomas showed COL4A3 expression. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that COL4A3 expression was negatively associated with a favorable prognosis of overall, advanced, and intestinal-type gastric carcinomas (P carcinoma. COL4A3 overexpression might be used as a marker of gastric intestinal metaplasia and mucinous and signet ring cell carcinoma.

  14. CLINICAL STUDY OF CORRELATION BETWEEN ESTROGEN RECEPTOR (ER AND PROGESTERONE RECEPTOR (PR STATUS AND PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS IN CARCINOMA BREAST

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    Kiran Kumar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION Breast carcinoma is the first among women of all races and Hispanic origin populations; most common carcinoma in women and account for 25% of all female cancers, which is more than twice the prevalence of cancer in women at any other site. Recent information suggests globally breast carcinoma is the second leading cause of cancer related death and is the most common cancer among women excluding the non-melanoma skin cancer. Estrogen and Progesterone play a central role in regulating growth kinetics of a variety of epithelial lining like in breast and endometrium and are powerful predictive markers in carcinoma of breast. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To study the correlation between ER and PR status and patient characteristics like age of patient, menarche, menopause, parity, tumour size, lymph node status and tumour grade in carcinoma breast patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty patients were included in this study who were admitted with breast carcinoma, the patient characteristics are correlated with ER and PR status studied by immunohistochemistry. This study was done over the period from October 2013 to September 2015. RESULTS Patients with both ER/PR positive are better differentiated, low grade, small sized tumours and with less chance of lymph node metastasis. Progesterone receptor negative status is associated with lymph node metastasis independent of other patient characteristics. Grade 3 and 4 tumours showed lower level of Estrogen and Progesterone receptors irrespective of age. CONCLUSION ER/PR positive group were better differentiated, showed better prognosis with hormonal therapy. They were less aggressive, low lymph node metastasis when compared with patients with either of the receptors negative or both the receptors negative. Hence immunohistochemistry is a must as it provides valuable prognostic, predictive and therapeutic information.

  15. Correlation of genes associated with drug response to prognosis of large cell lung carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Chen; Xiang-Li Jiang; Cui-Cui Zhang; Kai Li

    2011-01-01

    Platinum-based chemotherapy remains the main treatment of advanced lung cancer. However,platinum resistance has become a major treatment obstacle. Novel therapies, particularly tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR-TKI) and agents that target vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), have improved the treatment. Both chemotherapy and targeted therapy have their molecular mechanisms. This study aimed to determine the mutation, amplification, or expression status and interrelationships of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), K-Ras proto-oncogene, excision repair cress-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), and VEGF genes as well as their correlations to prognosis of large cell lung carcinoma (LCLC) after EGFR-targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and antiVEGF therapy. EGFR and K-Ras mutations in 60 specimens of LCLC were detected by direct DNA sequencing. EGFR, ERCC1, and VEGF protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC).EGFR gene copy number was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). One (1.7%) patient had an EGFR L858M point mutation in exon 21, 3 (5.0%) had K-Ras mutations, and 10 (19.6%) had EGFR amplification (FISH positive). Positive rates of EGFR, ERCC1, and VEGF proteins were 38.3%,56.7%, and 70.0%, respectively. EGFR amplification was positively correlated to EGFR protein expression (r = 0.390, P = 0.005). The positive rate of VEGF protein was significantly higher in patients with lymph node metastasis than in those without (84.6% vs. 58.8%, P = 0.046). No significant correlations were observed among the EGFR, K-Ras, ERCC1, and VEGF genes. EGFR gene amplification and the low rate of EGFR mutation suggest that patients with LCLC are likely to obtain little benefit from anti-EGFR therapies.

  16. Clinicopathological Features and Immunohistochemical Phenotypes of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix%宫颈腺样囊性癌临床病理特征及免疫组织化学表型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师晓华; 武莎菲; 凌庆; 霍真; 梁智勇

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨宫颈腺样囊性癌(adenoid cystic carcinoma, ACC)临床病理及免疫组化特征。方法收集北京协和医院2003年1月至2013年12月病理数据库及会诊数据库中诊断为宫颈腺样囊性癌病例共4例;并采用免疫组化方法对石蜡组织标本进行检测,总结其临床病理特征、治疗及预后。结果4例宫颈腺样囊性癌患者平均年龄61.5岁,多为绝经后妇女(3/4),就诊主要症状为阴道流血(3/4),肿瘤类型多为外生性肿物(3/4)。病理学特征方面,3例患者表现为宫颈腺样囊性癌合并侵袭性鳞癌,1例为宫颈腺样囊性癌单一组分;腺样囊性癌的主要生长方式为筛状;免疫组织化学表达方式支持其导管腺上皮及肌上皮两种组成成分: CK7在导管腺上皮中阳性表达, P63、 SMA在肌上皮中阳性表达;腺样囊性癌特征性标志物C-MYB在所有病例中均强阳性表达。3例患者完全切除子宫,1例患者行宫颈锥切,临床分期均为Ⅰ期;术后均行放射治疗,2例患者同时行化学治疗;4例患者平均随访时间为21.25个月,均为无病生存状态。结论宫颈腺样囊性癌是一种罕见的特殊类型腺癌,常合并其他类型的宫颈肿瘤,免疫组化表型与其他部位的腺样囊性癌相同,但预后相对较差,术后可辅以放疗及化疗,早期发现并治疗可以提高患者生存率。%Objective To investigate the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of adenoid cystic carcinoma ( ACC) of the uterine cervix .Methods Four cases who were diagnozed with ACC of the uter-ine cervix in the period from January 2003 to December 2013 were collected from the pathological databank and consultation database of Peking Union Medical Hospital .Immunohistochemical examination was conducted on the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue specimens from the 4 patients.Clinical information, pathological fea

  17. Histological, Immunohistological, and Clinical Features of Merkel Cell Carcinoma in Correlation to Merkel Cell Polyomavirus Status

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    T. Jaeger

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare, but highly malignant tumor of the skin with high rates of metastasis and poor survival. Its incidence rate rises and is currently about 0.6/100000/year. Clinical differential diagnoses include basal cell carcinoma, cyst, amelanotic melanoma, lymphoma and atypical fibroxanthoma. In this review article clinical, histopathological and immunhistochemical features of Merkel cell carcinoma are reported. In addition, the role of Merkel cell polyomavirus is discussed.

  18. Improved Risk Assessment by Integrating Molecular and Clinicopathological Factors in Early-stage Endometrial Cancer-Combined Analysis of the PORTEC Cohorts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stelloo, Ellen; Nout, Remi A.; Osse, Elisabeth M.; Juergenliemk-Schulz, Ina J.; Jobsen, Jan J.; Lutgens, Ludy C.; van der Steen-Banasik, Elzbieta M.; Nijman, Hans W.; Putter, Hein; Bosse, Tjalling; Creutzberg, Carien L.; Smit, Vincent T. H. B. M.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Recommendations for adjuvant treatment for women with early-stage endometrial carcinoma are based on clinicopathologic features. Comprehensive genomic characterization defined four subgroups: p53-mutant, microsatellite instability (MSI), POLE-mutant, and no specific molecular profile (NSMP)

  19. 肿瘤拒绝抗原1在肝硬化和肝癌组织中的表达及其与肝癌临床病理学特征的关系%Expression and its clinicopathological features of tumor rejective antigen 1 in human tissues of hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弘; 黄东凤; 魏群; 华婷琰; 李峰; 黄介飞

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of tumor rejective antigen 1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver cirrhosis(LC) tissues, and the relationship between clinicopathological feature and HCC. Methods The expressions of TRA1 mRNA and its protein were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot respectively. Immunohistochemical staining was used to further examine the expression of TRA1 protein in LC, HCC and control tissues. The relationship between clinicopathological feature and HCC was analyzed. Data of RT-PCR and Western blot were analyzed by Oneway ANOVA; results of immunohistochemical staining were analyzed by Fisher's exact test and correlation analysis using Spearman rank correlation. Results RT-PCR data showed that the expression of TRA1 mRNA was higher in HCC and LC tissues than that in the normal liver tissues (F values were 20.821 and 12.311respectively, P < 0.05). The expression of TRA1 protein in HCC and LC tissues was signifcantly higher than that in control by Western blot (F values were 21.231 and 20.125 respectively, P < 0.05). The immunohistochemical data showed the expression of TRA1 protein was gradually increased in HCC group than that in the LC group and control group, and the positive expression rate of TRA1 was 57.14%, 78.95% and 93.75%respectively. The expression of TRA1 protein was negatively correlated with HCC differentiation (r =-0.4655, P = 0.0073) and positively correlated with HCC TNM staging (r = 0.5157, P = 0.0025). Conclusion The over-expression of TRA1 in hepatocirrhosis and HCC is correlated with the formation and development of HCC. It may be a prognostic marker for the diagnosis of HCC and be associated with the degree of differentiation and HBV infection. It can be used as a marker for prognostic prediction of HCC.%目的 探讨肿瘤拒绝抗原1(TRA1)在肝细胞癌(HCC)和肝硬化组织中的表达水平及其与HCC临床病理学特征的关系.方法

  20. Correlation between Dual-Energy and Perfusion CT in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordic, Sonja; Puippe, Gilbert D; Krauss, Bernhard; Klotz, Ernst; Desbiolles, Lotus; Lesurtel, Mickaël; Müllhaupt, Beat; Pfammatter, Thomas; Alkadhi, Hatem

    2016-07-01

    Purpose To develop a dual-energy contrast media-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) protocol by using time-attenuation curves from previously acquired perfusion CT data and to evaluate prospectively the relationship between iodine enhancement metrics at dual-energy CT and perfusion CT parameters in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods Institutional review board and local ethics committee approval and written informed consent were obtained. The retrospective part of this study included the development of a dual-energy CT contrast-enhanced protocol to evaluate peak arterial enhancement of HCC in the liver on the basis of time-attenuation curves from previously acquired perfusion CT data in 20 patients. The prospective part of the study consisted of an intraindividual comparison of dual-energy CT and perfusion CT data in another 20 consecutive patients with HCC. Iodine density and iodine ratio (iodine attenuation of the lesion divided by iodine attenuation in the aorta) from dual-energy CT and arterial perfusion (AP), portal venous perfusion, and total perfusion (TP) from perfusion CT were compared. Pearson R and linear correlation coefficients were calculated for AP and iodine density, AP and iodine ratio, TP and iodine density, and TP and iodine ratio. Results The dual-energy CT protocol consisted of bolus tracking in the abdominal aorta (threshold, 150 HU; scan delay, 9 seconds). The strongest intraindividual correlations in HCCs were found between iodine density and AP (r = 0.75, P = .0001). Moderate correlations were found between iodine ratio and AP (r = 0.50, P = .023) and between iodine density and TP (r = 0.56, P = .011). No further significant correlations were found. The volume CT dose index (11.4 mGy) and dose-length product (228.0 mGy · cm) of dual-energy CT was lower than those of the arterial phase of perfusion CT (36.1 mGy and 682.3 mGy · cm, respectively). Conclusion A contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT protocol developed

  1. Lack of clinicopathologic correlation in the diagnosis of oral lichen planus based on the presently available diagnostic criteria and suggestions for modifications.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meij, van der E.H.; Waal, van der I.

    2003-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Confirmation of a clinical diagnosis of oral lichen planus (OLP) by means of histopathologic study of a biopsy specimen is generally advised. However, hardly any data exist about the correlation between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses of OLP. The aim of the present investigation

  2. Nuclear expression and/or reduced membranous expression of β-catenin correlate with poor prognosis in colorectal carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shizhen; Wang, Zhen; Shan, Jinlan; Yu, Xiuyan; Li, Ling; Lei, Rui; Lin, Daozhe; Guan, Siqi; Wang, Xiaochen

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background: The differential subcellular localizations of β-catenin (including membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus) play different roles in the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the correlation between each subcellular localization of β-catenin and the prognosis of CRC patients remains undetermined. Methods: Systematic strategies were applied to search for eligible published studies in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases. The correlation between each subcellular localizations of β-catenin expression and patients’ clinicopathological features or prognosis was analyzed. Results: Finally, this meta-analysis, including 6238 cases from 34 studies, revealed that β-catenin overexpression in the nucleus (HR: 1.50[95% CI: 1.08–2.10]) or reduced expression of β-catenin in the membrane (HR: 1.33[95% CI: 1.15–1.54]) significantly correlated with lower 5-year overall survival (OS). Conversely, overexpression of β-catenin in the cytoplasm (HR: 1.00[95% CI: 0.85–1.18]) did not show significant association with 5-year OS. Conclusion: This study suggested that β-catenin overexpression in the nucleus or reduced expression in the membrane, but not its overexpression in cytoplasm, could serve as a valuable prognostic predictor for CRC. However, additional large and well-designed prospective studies are required to verify our results. PMID:27930552

  3. ERCC1 and XRCC1 but not XPA single nucleotide polymorphisms correlate with response to chemotherapy in endometrial carcinoma

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    Chen L

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Liang Chen,1 Mei-Mei Liu,1 Hui Liu,1 Dan Lu,2 Xiao-Dan Zhao,3 Xue-Jing Yang4 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2Department of Oncology, 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, 4Nursing Department, Harbin Chest Hospital, Harbin, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Our study aimed to investigate the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms of ERCC1/XRCC1/XPA genes and postoperative chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis of endometrial carcinoma. Our study included 108 patients with endometrial carcinoma and 100 healthy participants. ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487/XPA rs1800975 gene polymorphisms were detected by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism. Then the chemotherapy efficacy and toxic effects of the patients were assessed. The genotype and allele frequency of ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487 in the case group were significantly different from that in the control group (all P<0.05. The patients with AA + GA in ERCC1 rs11615 had an increased risk of endometrial carcinoma than those with GG, and the risk of endometrial carcinoma for patients with AA + GA was also higher in comparison with patients with GG genotype in XRCC1 rs25487 (all P<0.05. GG on both ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487 had a higher effective rate of chemotherapy than GA + AA (all P<0.05. ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487 gene polymorphisms were linked with toxic effects in liver, kidney, and nervous system. ERCC1 rs11615/XRCC1 rs25487, muscular invasion, and tumor stage were independent risk factors for the prognosis of endometrial carcinoma (all P<0.05. However, no significant associations were observed between XPA rs1800975 polymorphism and chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis of endometrial carcinoma (all P>0.05. These results indicated that ERCC1 and XRCC1 but not XPA polymorphisms correlate with response to chemotherapy in endometrial carcinoma. Keywords: ERCC1, XRCC1, XPA, single nucleotide

  4. Down-regulation of p73 correlates with high histological grade in Japanese with breast carcinomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Cai-wen; Izo Kimijima; Toru Otake; Rikiya Abe; Seiichi Takenoshita; ZHANG Guo-jun

    2011-01-01

    Background p73, a homologue of p53, has been located at chromosome 1 p36-33, a region of frequently observed loss of heterozygosity in breast cancers. The objective of the present study was to investigate the function of p73 in Japanese with breast cancers. Methods Sixty Japanese patients with breast cancer were assessed by polymerase chain reaction single strand confirmation polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing to detect the p73 allele. p73 mRNA levels were also determined in 40 out of 60 patients by reverse-transcriptional polymerase chain reaction. Results We analyzed the entire open reading frame of the p73 gene by polymerase chain reaction single strand confirmation polymorphism and sequencing, and failed to identify any mutations of p73 in the encoding regions detected.Loss of heterozygosity of p73 was infrequent and only found in 9% of breast carcinomas. We revealed a few polymorphisms with a frequency of 13%-29%, which had been reported previously. Down-regulation of p73 mRNA expression was observed in tumor tissues in comparison to the normal breast tissues. A significant inverse correlation was found between p73 transcripts and high histological grade, suggesting that down-regulated p73 expression could be related to poor prognosis in those patients. Conclusion Our results suggest that p73 may serve as a tumor suppressor gene and its expression plays a role in tumorigenesis in Japanese patients with breast cancer.

  5. Plasma fibrinogen levels are correlated with postoperative distant metastasis and prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Danhong; Zhou, Xia; Bao, Wuan; Chen, Ying; Cheng, Lei; Qiu, Guoqin; Sheng, Liming; Ji, Yongling; Du, Xianghui

    2015-11-10

    This study investigated the correlation of preoperative plasma fibrinogen level with distant metastasis and prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A total of 255 patients with ESCC who underwent surgery in Zhejiang cancer hospital (Hangzhou, China), between October 2006 and December 2009, were evaluated in this retrospective study. Population controls were selected from a pool of cancer-free subjects in the same region. Each patient and cancer-free people provided 3-mL pretreatment blood. Plasma fibrinogen level was measured by the Clauss method. The effects of hyperfibrinogenemia on locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), relapse-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) were assessed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Independent prognostic factors were identified in the multivariate Cox analysis. The proportion of hyperfibrinogenemia was higher in ESCC patients than those in controls (40.4% vs 13.6%). Subjects with hyperfibrinogenemia had a significantly higher risk of ESCC than those with normal plasma fibrinogen level (adjust OR = 4.61; 95% CI = 3.02-7.01, P fibrinogen level were independent prognostic factors of ESCC (P fibrinogen level was significantly associated with elevated risk of ESCC. Preoperative plasma fibrinogen level was a predictor of distant metastasis and independently associated with prognosis of patients with ESCC.

  6. Correlation between CCR7 expression and lymph node metastatic potential of human tongue carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, X; Liu, K; Zhang, H; Shang, Z

    2015-01-01

    Metastasis is an important cause of cancer-related mortality. In this study, we investigated the role of CCR7 in the lymph node metastasis of tongue carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot revealed the expression of CCR7 in tongue SCC tissues and cell lines. In addition, we examined the expression of CCL21, a ligand of CCR7, in normal and diseased lymph nodes using immunohistochemistry and/or real-time PCR. The CCR7 expression was significantly correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis, tumor staging, and histological grade (P = 0.015, 0.040, and 0.015, respectively). The multivariate analysis showed that regional lymph node metastasis, the expression of CCR7, and LVD were the independent poor prognostic factors. Knockdown of CCR7 gene resulted in a significant inhibition of migration and invasion of SCC4 cells in vitro without affecting the proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells. Also, CCR7 knockdown obviously inhibited cervical lymph node metastasis in an animal tumor model. Our study indicated that CCR7 may play an important role in progression of tongue SCC and could be a promising target for tongue SCC therapy.

  7. Expression of retinoic acid receptors in human endometrial carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanabe, Kojiro; Utsunomiya, Hiroki; Tamura, Mitsutoshi; Niikura, Hitoshi; Takano, Tadao; Yoshinaga, Kohsuke; Nagase, Satoru; Suzuki, Takashi; Ito, Kiyoshi; Matsumoto, Mitsuyo; Hayashi, Shin-ichi; Yaegashi, Nobuo

    2008-02-01

    The retinoids (vitamin A and its biologically active derivatives) are essential for the health and survival of the individual. Several studies have reported a strong rationale for the use of retinoids in cancer treatment and chemoprevention. It has been discovered that expression of retinoic acid receptor (RAR) beta is frequently silenced in epithelial carcinogenesis, which has led to the hypothesis that RAR beta could act as a tumor suppressor. However, the status of RAR beta in human endometrial carcinoma has not been examined. In the present study, we initially studied the effects of retinoic acid on cell proliferation and the expression of RAR alpha, RAR beta, and RAR gamma using AM580 (a RAR-specific agonist) in the Ishikawa endometrial cancer cell line. We also examined the expression of RAR in human eutopic endometrium (30 cases), endometrial hyperplasia (28 cases), and endometrial carcinoma (103 cases) using immunohistochemistry. Finally, we correlated these findings with the clinicopathological parameters. In vitro, cell growth was inhibited and RAR beta and RAR gamma mRNA was significantly induced by AM580, compared with vehicle controls, whereas RAR alpha mRNA was significantly attenuated by AM580, compared with vehicle. RAR beta was detected predominantly in endometrial hyperplasia, compared with endometrial carcinoma. No statistically significant correlation was obtained between the expression of any other RAR subtypes and clinicopathological parameters in human endometrial carcinoma. The results of our study demonstrate that AM580 inhibits cell growth and induces RAR beta mRNA expression in the Ishikawa cell line, and the expression level of RAR beta in endometrial carcinoma is significantly lower than that in endometrial hyperplasia. AM580 might therefore be considered as a potential treatment for endometrial carcinoma.

  8. TELOMERASE ACTIVITY IN COLORECTAL CARCINOMA AND ITS CORRELATION WITH EXPRESSION OF C-MYC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian-Lun; GE Lian-ying; ZHANG Gui-nian

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To study the role of telomerase activity and c-myc in pathogenesis and progression of colorectal carcinoma,and to investigate the possible regulatory mechanism of telomerase activation. Methods: A modified telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) and immunohistochemical staining was used to detect telomerase activity and the expression of c-myc in tissue samples from colorectal carcinoma, paracarcinomatousl tissues, normal mucosa, and adenomatoid polyp.Results: The positive rates of telomerase activity and c-myc expression were 83.33% and 80.00% in colorectal carcinoma,13.33% and 23.33% in paracarcinomatousl tissues, 13.33% and 20.00% in normal mucosa, and 10.00% and 45.00% in adenomatoid polyp respectively, they were significantly higher in colorectal carcinoma than in paracarcinomatousl tissues,normal mucosa, and adenomatoid polyp (P<0.05). The rates of telomerase activity and c-myc expression were much higher in colorectal carcinoma with lymph nodes metastases than that without lymph nodes metastases. The expression of c-myc was found being significantly higher in the telomerase positive colorectal carcinoma than in the telomerase negative group(P<0.05). Conclusion: The activation of telomerase and abnormal expression of c-myc might play an important role in the process of carcinogenesis and progression of colorectal carcinoma. The over-expression of c-myc may be related to telomerase activation and up-regulation in colorectal carcinoma.

  9. Seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement by prostate cancer: putative mechanism and clinicopathological significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyai, Kosuke; Kristiansen, Anna; Egevad, Lars; Pina-Oviedo, Sergio; Divatia, Mukul K; Shen, Steven S; Miles, Brian J; Ayala, Alberto G; Park, Yong Wook; Ro, Jae Y

    2014-09-01

    We have recently shown seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement of prostate cancer in cases with seminal vesicle invasion (pT3b). Based on the manner of seminal vesicle invasion, there could be 2 possible mechanisms of seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement: direct intraepithelial invasion from prostate carcinoma in the muscular wall of seminal vesicles or intraepithelial involvement of cancer from the invaginated extraprostatic space (IES)/ejaculatory duct system to extraprostatic seminal vesicle. We aimed to clarify the manner and clinicopathological significance of seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement. Of 1629 consecutive radical prostatectomies, 109 cases (6.7%) showed seminal vesicle invasion in whole-mounted radical prostatectomy specimens. In these pT3b cases, 18 (17%) showed seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement by prostate cancer. Stromal invasion of the IES/ejaculatory duct system and ejaculatory duct intraepithelial invasion by prostate cancer were identified in 62 and 5 of 109 pT3b cases, respectively. However, the presence/absence of IES/ejaculatory duct system involvement by prostate cancer does not predict seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement. No statistically significant correlation was observed between all pathologic parameters/biochemical recurrence and the presence/absence of seminal vesicle intra-epithelial involvement in the pT3b cases. These findings suggest that seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement is more likely due to direct invasion of carcinoma from the muscular wall of seminal vesicles rather than intraepithelial extension from the ejaculatory duct system in the IES. Further studies with a substantially greater case number are needed to clarify the clinicopathological significance of seminal vesicle intraepithelial involvement in a better manner.

  10. Colorectal cancer among young native Indonesians: A clinicopathological and molecular assessment on microsatellite instability

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    Aru W. Sudoyo

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To obtain clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer among young native Indonesians and to assess MLH1, MSH2, and SMAD4 protein expressions, comparing them with a matched population of colorectal cancer patients aged 60 years old and older.Methods: Medical records of colorectal cancer patients aged 40 years or younger and 60 years or older from several hospitals in three Indonesian cities – Jakarta, Makassar, and Bandung - were reviewed. The “native” ethnic groups were selected from those originating from Java, Makassar (South Celebes,  Minangkabau (West Sumatra. Ethnicity of 121 colorectal  carcinoma patients was confirmed by fulfilling requirements in a questionnaire. Tumor specimens of those patients underwent evaluation for histopathology, tumor grading as well as  immunohistochemical analysis to assess MLH1, MSH2 protein expressions to detect microsatellite instability mutation pathway and SMAD4 protein expression to reconfirm that the specimens were not microsatellite instability origin.Results: There were 121 colorectal carcinoma cases of Sundanese, Javanese, Macassarese and Minangkabau ethnic group. This study indicated that colorectal cancer has statistically different grade (p = 0.001 between the young and the older patients. Immunohistochemical staining for MSH2 protein and MLH1 were done for 92 and 97 specimens respectively. There was no significant difference between the expressions of MLH1 and MSH2 on tumor grading, indicated there was no correlation between microsatellite instability and tumor grading in this study.Conclusion: Colorectal cancer in young native Indonesian patients (40 years old or less was not different in clinicopathological characteristics compared to older patients (60 years old or more in similar ethnic groups. There was also no difference in MSH2 and MLH1 protein expressions, important indicators of microsatellite instability and. (Med J Indones 2010; 19:245-51Keywords: colorectal

  11. Tissue expression of Squamous Cellular Carcinoma Antigen (SCCA is inversely correlated to tumor size in HCC

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    Mangia Anita

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to investigate squamous cellular carcinoma antigen (SCCA in serum and in tumoral and paired peritumoral tissues. We studied 27 patients with liver cirrhosis (LC and 55 with HCC: 20 with a single nodule 3 cm or multifocal (l-HCC. Methods Serum SCCA was measured by the ELISA kit, and in frozen tissues by immunohistochemistry, quantified with appropriate imaging analysis software and expressed in square microns. Continuous variables are reported as means and 95% confidence intervals. Comparisons between independent groups were performed with a generalized linear model and Tukey grouping. Pearson's correlation coefficients were determined to evaluate relations between markers. Qualitative variables were summarized as count and percentage. Statistical significance was set at p-value Results Serum SCCA values in LC patients were 0.41 (0.31–0.55 ng/ml and statistically different from both HCC groups: 1.6 (1.0–2.6 ng/ml in s-HCC, 2.2 (1.28–2.74 ng/ml in l-HCC. SCCA in hepatic tissue was 263.8 (176.6–394.01 μm2 in LC patients, statistically different from values in s-HCC: 1163.2 (863.6–1566.8 μm2 and l-HCC: 625.8 (534.5–732.6. All pairwise comparisons between groups yielded statistically significant differences. Tumoral SCCA resulted linearly related with nodule size, showing a statistically significant inverse relation between the two variables (b = -0.099, p = 0.024. Conclusion There was no statistically significant correlation between tissue and serum levels of SCCA. The significantly stronger expression of SCCA in smaller compared to larger HCC could be important for early HCC detection. However, the increased expression in peritumoral tissue could affect the significance of serological detection.

  12. RAS AND p53 EXPRESSION IN HUMAN THYROID CARCINOMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the possible interaction between the ras and p53 genes over-expression in thyroid carcinoma, and whether there is a correlation between the ras and p53 over-expression and clinicopathological criteria. Methods: Eighty patients with thyroid lesions were examined for expression of ras and p53 genes by the labeled streptavidin biotin peroxidase (LSAB) method. Of these patients, 54 were diagnosed (average age: 39.9± 15.9 years) with malignant lesions. Of those included in the study, 31 has papillary carcinoma, 13 had follicular carcinoma, 7 had medullary carcinoma, 3 had undifferentiated carcinoma and 19 were stratified to stage I, 28 to stage II, 2 to stage III and 5 to stage IV according to TNM staging system. Twenty-six benign nodular thyroid disorders were studied as control. Results: Positive immunostain results for ras and p53 genes were statistically significant between thyroid carcinomas and benign disorders (90.7% vs 23%, 55.5% vs 30.7%, P<0.05). Both p53 and ras overexpressions coexisted in 30 thyroid carcinomas, and of these, 3 died and 5 had recurrences within 4 years. Conclusions: Activation of ras gene and inactivation of p53 gene were cooperatively associated in thyroid tumorigenesis. The concurrent overexpressions of ras and p53 could result in a poor prognosis.

  13. Correlation of BRAFV600E mutation and clinical characteristics in coexistence of papillary thyroid carcinoma and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    运新伟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of BRAFV600Emutation with papillary thyroid carcinoma and coexisting Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.Methods A retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics was made in 50patients with PTC and coexisting HT(research group)and 150 PTC patients(control group)from March,2011to March,2012,regarding the difference in BRAFV600E mutation.Results In research group,the sensitivity of ultrasound in detecting lymphatic metastasis was 88.9%,

  14. Clinico-pathological correlation of digital rectal examination findings amongst Nigerian men with prostatic diseases: A prospective study of 236 cases

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    Rufus W Ojewola

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims and Objective: This study aims at correlating different digital rectal examination (DRE abnormalities with histopathological results in patients with prostatic diseases. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of 236 patients who underwent prostate needle biopsy (PNB. Inclusion criteria were presence of abnormal DRE findings or elevated prostate specific antigen above 4 ng/ml or both. They all had 10-core extended transrectal biopsy and specimens were sent for histopathological examination. Correlations were made between DRE findings and histopathology results. Two separate multivariate logistic regression models were created; the first evaluated the relationship of predictors (DRE findings to the likelihood of detecting cancer and the second explored predictors of high-grade cancer on PNB. Results: Two hundred and thirty-six patients were enrolled with a mean age of 66.9 years and range of 43-90 years. Histopathology results were malignant in 102 (43.2% and benign in 134 (56.8%. Ninety-one (38.6% and 145 (61.4% had normal DRE and abnormal DRE findings with cancer detection rates of 23.1% and 55.8% respectively. Nodular prostate is the most common abnormality in 63.4% patients with abnormal DRE. Each sign of DRE had different predictive value with enhanced positive predictive value when combinations of abnormalities are present. Abnormal DRE is an independent predictor of high-grade tumor. Mean Gleason scores were 4.7 and 7.1 in patients with normal and abnormal DRE respectively. Conclusion: DRE is a useful and important tool in assessing patients with suspected prostate diseases who need prostate biopsy. An abnormal DRE correlated well with prostate cancer and independently predicted high-grade disease in these men.

  15. Concurrent alterations of RAGE, RECK, and MMP9 protein expression are relevant to Epstein-Barr virus infection, metastasis, and survival in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to concurrently investigate the expressions of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), reversion inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and their correlations with clinicopathological properties. Using immunohistochemistry, we found that RECK expression was downregulated in NPC tissues compared with chronic nasopharyngitis (CNT) tissues, while RAGE and MMP9 expressions were u...

  16. Effects of CDH1 gene promoter methylation on expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin and its clinicopathological significance in colon carcinoma%上皮钙黏素1基因启动子甲基化对结肠癌上皮钙黏素和β-连接素表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李臣; 杨静; 董坚; 陈明清; 李文亮; 任俊宇; 陈圣雄; 李秋恬; 耿计伟; 缪延栋

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨上皮钙黏素基因(CDH1)启动子甲基化与结肠癌上皮钙黏素(E-cadherin)及β-连接素(β-catenin)的表达及临床病理特征的关系.方法 采用甲基化特异性PCR技术检测68例结肠腺癌组织、癌旁组织及正常黏膜组织中CDH1基因启动子甲基化的状况.采用免疫组织化学法检测E-cadherin及β-catenin蛋白的表达.结果 癌旁组织及癌组织中CDH1启动子甲基化的阳性表达分别为32.4%(22/68)、57.4%(39/68),正常组织均为阴性表达(P<0.05).E-cadherin在正常组织、癌旁组织及腺癌组织中阳性表达率分别为92.6%、66.2%和44.1%.正常组织中β-catenin均表达于细胞膜上,无胞质和(或)胞核表达,而β-catenin在癌旁组织及癌组织中胞质和(或)胞核表达分别为29.4%和50.0%.CDH1基因启动子甲基化阳性率与E-cadherin表达则呈负相关(r=-0.312,P=0.01),与β-catenin胞质和(或)胞核表达呈正相关(r=0.309,P=0.018).CDH1基因启动子甲基化及E-cadherin、β-catenin的异常表达均与结肠癌分化程度及转移密切相关(P<0.05).结论 CDH1基因启动子甲基化可能是导致结肠癌E-cadherin与β-catenin异常表达及肿瘤侵袭性增强的重要原因.%Objective To investigate the relationship between methylation of the CDH1 gene promoter on the expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin, and to evaluate the correlation with clinicopathological characteristics of the colonic carcinoma. Methods Methylation specific PCR (MSP) was used to detect CDH1 gene promoter methylation in the cancer tissue, adjacent tissues and normal tissues in 68 patients. The expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin was determined by immunohistochemistry staining. Results The positive rate of CDH1 gene promoter methylation was 32.4% in adjacent tissues and 57.4% in cancer tissue, while no detectable methylation was found in all the normal tissues. The difference was statistically significant. The positive rate of E-cadherin was 92.6% in the

  17. Evaluation of angiogenesis in colorectal carcinoma with multidetector-row CT multislice perfusion imaging

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    Feng Shiting, E-mail: fst1977@163.co [Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China); Sun Canhui, E-mail: canhuisun@sina.co [Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China); Li Ziping, E-mail: liziping163@tom.co [Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China); Mak, Henry Ka-Fung, E-mail: makkf@hkucc.hku.h [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Peng Zhenpeng, E-mail: ppzhen@21cn.co [Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China); Guo Huanyi, E-mail: guohuanyi@163.co [Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China); Meng Quanfei, E-mail: mzycoco@gmail.co [Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of SunYat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China)

    2010-08-15

    To evaluate the correlation between 64 multidetector-row CT (64MDCT) perfusion imaging in colorectal carcinoma and microvessel density (MVD) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), 64MDCT perfusion imaging was performed in 33 patients with pathologically verified colorectal carcinoma. These images were analyzed with perfusion functional software, and time-density curves (TDC) were created for the region of interest (ROI) encompassing the tumor, the target artery and vein. The individual perfusion maps generated indicated blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT), and permeability-surface area product (PS). MVD and VEGF were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining with anti-CD34 and anti-VEGF, respectively. Correlations between MVD or VEGF with CT perfusion parameters and clinicopathological factors (Dukes' stages, invasion depth, and lymph node and liver metastasis) were also investigated. MVD in the colorectal carcinoma was 22.61 {+-} 9.01 per x200 field. The scores obtained for VEGF expression were 4.15 {+-} 1.09. VEGF staining was positive in 25 of 29 tumors (86.2%). There was no significant correlation between the presence of MVD, VEGF expression and clinicopathological factors (P > 0.05). There was also no correlation between MVD, VEGF expression, and any dynamic CT parameters (P > 0.05). The BV and MTT were significantly higher in tumors demonstrating serous coat invasion than in those without it (t = -2.63, -2.24, P = 0.0137, 0.0331, respectively). BV was also significantly correlated with tumor size (r = 0.41, P = 0.02). Neither BF nor PS was correlated with clinicopathological factors. In conclusion, 64MDCT perfusion imaging, MVD, and VEGF may reflect angiogenic activity, but no significant correlation among these factors.

  18. Basal-Like Phenotype in a Breast Carcinoma Case Series from Sudan: Prevalence and Clinical/Pathological Correlations

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    Khalid Dafaallah Awadelkarim

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Basal-like breast cancer, an aggressive subtype associated with high grade, poor prognosis, and younger age, is reported frequently in Africa. We analyzed the expression of the basal cytokeratins (CKs 5/6 and 17 in a case series from Central Sudan and investigated correlations among basal CK status, ER, PgR, and Her-2/neu, and individual/clinicopathological data. Of 113 primary breast cancers 26 (23%, 38 (34%, and 46 (41% were, respectively, positive for CK5/6, CK17, and combined basal CKs (CK5/6 and/or CK17. Combined basal CK+ status was associated with higher grade (P<.03 and inversely correlated with ER (P<.002, PgR (P=.004 and combined ER and/or PgR (P<.0002. Two clusters based on all tested markers were generated by hierarchical cluster analysis and k-mean clustering: I: designated ``hormone receptors positive/luminal-like’’ and II: designated ``hormone receptors negative’’, including both basal-like and Her-2/neu+ tumors. The most important factors for dataset variance were ER status, followed by PgR, CK17, and CK5/6 statuses. Overall basal CKs were expressed in a fraction of cases comparable to that reported for East and West African case series. Lack of associations with age and tumor size may represent a special feature of basal-like breast cancer in Sudan.

  19. Twist modulates lymphangiogenesis and correlates with lymph node metastasis in supraglottic carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Su-mei; YU Liang; TIAN Jia-jun; MA Ju-ke; LI Jian-feng; XU Wei; WANG Hai-bo

    2011-01-01

    Background Twist is a highly conserved epithelial-mesenchymal transcription factor that has been reported to be a key factor in tumor malignancy, including lymph node metastasis. It represents the major step of dissemination and serves as a chief prognostic indicator of disease progression. However, the mechanism by which Twist regulates lymph node metastasis remains incompletely understood. Studies on the mechanism of metastasis are thus required for determining appropriate therapeutic strategies.Methods Immunohistochemistry for lymphatic vessel endothelial receptor 1 (LYVE-1), Ki-67, Twist, vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) was performed to detect lymphatic vessel density (LVD), cell proliferation levels and the expressions of Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 were determined from 66 primary supraglottic carcinoma tissue samples from 36 patients with lymph node metastasis (pathological N+, pN+) and 30 patients without metastasis (pathological NO, pNO). Western blotting analysis of the proteins in pN+ and pNO primary tumors was used to characterize the expressions of Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3further.Results The LVD was 22.4±10.3 in pN+ patients and 6.8±4.1 in pNO ones. For Ki-67, the number of proliferous cells in pN+ patients was greater than that in pNO ones. Both, however, were associated with their clinical nodal stages. In pN+patients, Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3 expressions were 86.11% (31/36), 80.56% (29/36), and 58.33% (21/36),respectively. These values were higher than those found for pNO patients (i.e., 13/30, 11/30, and 7/30, respectively) (P <0.05). Among the samples with Twist expression, 88.64% were VEGF-C-positive and 59.09% were VEGFR-3-positive.The pNO counterparts were 4.55% and 9.09%, respectively (P<0.05). The expressions of Twist, VEGF-C, and VEGFR-3in pN+ patients obtained through Western blotting analysis were significantly higher than those in pNO patients, and the

  20. Oxidative DNA damage correlates with cell immortalization and mir-92 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma

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    Romilda Cardin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs expression has been extensively studied in hepatocellular carcinoma but little is known regarding the relationship, if any, with inflammation, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS, host’s repair mechanisms and cell immortalization. This study aimed at assessing the extent of oxidative DNA damage (8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine - 8-OHdG in different phases of the carcinogenetic process, in relation to DNA repair gene polymorphism, telomeric dysfunction and to the expression of several microRNAs, non-coding genes involved in post-transcriptional regulation, cell proliferation, differentiation and death. Methods Tissue samples obtained either at surgery, [neoplastic (HCC and adjacent non-cancerous cirrhotic tissues (NCCT] at percutaneous or laparoscopic biopsy (patients with HCV or HBV-related hepatitis or patients undergoing cholecystectomy were analysed for 8-OHdG (HPLC-ED, OGG1 (a DNA repair gene polymorphism (PCR-RFLP, telomerase activity, telomere length (T/S, by RT-PCR, Taqman microRNA assay and Bad/Bax mRNA (RT-PCR. Fifty-eight samples from 29 HCC patients (obtained in both neoplastic and peritumoral tissues, 22 from chronic hepatitis (CH and 10 controls (cholecystectomy patients - CON were examined. Results Eight-OHdG levels were significantly higher in HCC and NCCT than in CH and CON (p=0.001. Telomerase activity was significantly higher in HCC than in the remaining subgroups (p=0.002; conversely T/S was significantly lower in HCC (p=0.05. MiR-199a-b, -195, -122, -92a and −145 were down-regulated in the majority of HCCs while miR-222 was up-regulated. A positive correlation was observed among 8-OHdG levels, disease stage, telomerase activity, OGG1 polymorphisms and ALT/GGT levels. In HCC, miR-92 expression correlated positively with telomerase activity, 8-OHdG levels and Bad/Bax mRNA. Conclusions The above findings confirm the accumulation, in the progression of chronic liver damage to HCC, of a ROS

  1. Snail蛋白及其mRNA与喉鳞癌生物学特性及预后关系%Correlations of Snail Protein and mRNA with Bionomics of Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华东; 熊正文; 黄勇; 李宏伟; 苏红; 李伟; 寻凤华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of Snail protein and mRNA in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and its relationships with the clinico-pathological features,and to explore its roles in the carcinogenesis, progression and infiltration, metastasis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and correlations with the prognosis.Methods In situ hybridization technique was used to detect the expression of Snail mRNA, and the immunohistochemical S-P methods to detect Snail protein in 60 cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and 20 cases of side cancer tissue.Results ①The expression of Snail protein and mRNA were correlated to T stage,TNM stage ,thyroid cartilage involvement,lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis( all P < 0.05 ), but the expression of Snail mRNA was not correlated with pathologic stage( P >0.05 ) ,and the expression of Snail protein was correlated with pathologic stage( P < 0.05 ), not with gender and age were irrelevant( all P > 0.05 ) ;②A positive correlation was found between Snail protein and mRNA in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma( r =0.362 ,P <0.05 );③The survival rate of Snail protein positive patients was lower than that of negative patients, and its comparative differences was statistically significant ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion The overexpression of Snail might be important biological markers for malignant transformation and invasion and metastasis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma,and the up-regulation of the expression of Snail predicts more invasion and poor prognosis.%目的 观察Snail蛋白及其mRNA在喉鳞癌组织中的表达及其与临床病理特征的关系,并探讨它在喉鳞癌发生发展和浸润转移中的作用及其与预后关系.方法 应用原位分子杂交检测Snail mRNA和免疫组织化学S-P法检测Snail蛋白分别在60例喉鳞癌、20例癌旁组织中的表达.结果 ①Snail蛋白及其mRNA的表达与喉鳞癌的T分期、TNM分期、甲状软骨累及、淋巴结转

  2. p53 Expression Helps Identify High Risk Oral Tongue Pre- malignant Lesions and Correlates with Patterns of Invasive Tumour Front and Tumour Depth in Oral Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viveka, Thangaraj Soundara; Shyamsundar, Vidyarani; Krishnamurthy, Arvind; Ramani, Pratibha; Ramshankar, Vijayalakshmi

    2016-01-01

    Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is the most common oral cancer subtype with a maximum propensity for regional spread. Our objective was to study if p53 expression might have any correlation with aggressive patterns of invasion within oral tongue cancers as well as with the histologically identified degree of oral tongue dysplasia. p53 immunoexpression was studied using immunohistochemistry in early staged OTSCCs (n=155), oral tongue dysplasias, (n=29) and oral tongue normal specimens (n=10) and evaluated for correlations with histological and clinicopathological parameters. Our study (n=194) showed a pattern of p53 expression increasing with different grades of tongue dysplasia to different grades of invasive OTSCC (p=0.000). Among the OTSCC tumours, positive p53 expression was seen in 43.2% (67/155) and a higher p53 labelling index was significantly associated with increased Bryne's grade of the tumour invasive front (p=0.039) and increased tumour depth (p=0.018). Among the OTSCC patients with tobacco habits, (n=91), a higher p53 labelling index was significantly associated with increased risk of local recurrence (p=0.025) and with lymphovascular space involvement (p=0.014). Evaluation of p53 through varying degrees of dysplasia to oral tongue cancer indicates that p53 expression is linked to aggressive features of oral tongue cancers and tongue precancers entailing a closer monitoring in positive cases. Among the OTSCCs, p53 expression is associated with tumour aggressiveness correlating with increased grading of invasive tumour front and tumour depth.

  3. Evaluation and correlation of risk recurrence in early breast cancer assessed by Oncotype DX(®), clinicopathological markers and tumor cell dissemination in the blood and bone marrow.

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    Aktas, Bahriye; Bankfalvi, Agnes; Heubner, Martin; Kimmig, Rainer; Kasimir-Bauer, Sabine

    2013-11-01

    The Oncotype DX(®) assay is a validated genomic test that predicts the likelihood of breast cancer recurrence, patient survival within ten years of diagnosis and the benefit of chemotherapy in early-stage, node-negative, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Further markers of recurrence include disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in the bone marrow (BM) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood, particularly stemness-like tumor cells (slCTCs). In this study, Oncotype DX, DTCs, CTCs and slCTCs were used to evaluate the risk of recurrence in 68 patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, early-stage breast cancer. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections were analyzed for the expression of 16 cancer genes and 5 reference genes by Oncotype DX, yielding a recurrence score (RS). G2 tumors were evaluated for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA)/plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI1) and Ki-67. Two BM aspirates were analyzed by immunocytochemistry for DTCs using the pan-cytokeratin antibody A45-B/B3. CTCs and slCTCs in the blood were detected using the AdnaTest BreastCancer, AdnaTest EMT and the AdnaTest TumorStemCell. Oncotype DX was performed in 68 cases, yielding a low RS in 30/68 patients (44%), an intermediate RS in 29/68 patients (43%) and a high RS in 9/68 patients (13%). DTCs were detected in 19/68 patients (28%), CTCs in 13/68 patients (19%) and slCTCs in 26/68 (38%) patients. Moreover, 8/68 patients (12%) with G2 tumors were positive for uPA, 6/68 (9%) for PAI1 and 21/68 (31%) for Ki-67. Ki-67, progesterone receptor (PR) and G3 tumors were significantly correlated with RS (P<0.001; P=0.006; and P=0,002, respectively), whereas no correlation was identified between DTCs, CTCs, slCTCs and RS. Ki-67 may support therapeutic decisions in cases where Oncotype DX is not feasible. Larger patient cohorts are required to estimate the additional detection of DTCs and CTCs for the determination of risk recurrence.

  4. Low SIRT3 expression correlates with poor differentiation and unfavorable prognosis in primary hepatocellular carcinoma.

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    Chris Zhiyi Zhang

    Full Text Available SIRT3, a mitochondrial sirtuin belonging to nicotinamide adenine nucleotide (NAD dependent deacetylases, is implicated in metabolism, longevity and carcinogenesis. SIRT3 expression and its significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC remain largely unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that SIRT3 expression in HCC tissue was much lower than that in paracarcinoma tissue, at both mRNA and protein levels. The cutoff value for low SIRT3 expression in HCC was defined according to receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC analysis. As disclosed by immunohistochemistry (IHC results, low SIRT3 expression was present in 67.3% (167/248 of HCC cases. Furthermore, low expression of SIRT3 was significantly correlated to differentiation (P = 0.013, clinical stage (P = 0.005, serum AFP level (P<0.01, tumor multiplicity (P = 0.026 and relapse (P = 0.028. Moreover, Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that low SIRT3 expression associated with unfavorable overall survival (P<0.01 and recurrence-free survival (P = 0.004. The prognostic impact of SIRT3 was further confirmed by stratified survival analysis. Importantly, multivariate analysis revealed that low SIRT3 expression was an independent poor prognostic marker for overall survival (Hazard Ratio (HR 0.555, 95% confidence interval (95% CI 0.344-0.897, P = 0.016. Collectively, we conclude that SIRT3 is decreased in HCC and is a novel unfavorable marker for prognosis of patients with this fatal disease.

  5. Correlation of Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma with HBV Genotypes, Subgenotypes and Gene Mutations in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the occurrence of basal core promoter (BCP) and pre-C mutations in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Gansu Province, China, and to analyze the correlation of HBV mutation and HBV genotype with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods PCR-RFLP was applied to detect HBV subgenotypes, and the presence of the pre-C and BCP mutations in 62 patients with HCC, 70 patients with hepatitis B induced liver cirrhosis (LC) and 90 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Results In HCC patients, genotype C was the major genotype (70.97%). The pre-C mutation was found in 59.68%, 31.43% and 16.67% patients with HCC, LC and CHB, respectively. The frequency of BCP mutations was signiifcantly different between patients with HCC, LC and CHB (74.19%, 51.43% and 37.78%, respectively;χ2=30.727, 19.540, respectively,P < 0.01). Patients in HCC group had a higher incidence of pre-C as well as BCP mutations compared to the other groups. The prevalence of pre-C and BCP mutations was signiifcantly higher in patients with genotype C1 (44.32% and 69.32%, respectively) compared to patients with other subgenotypes (P < 0.05). Conclusions The incidence of pre-C and BCP mutations increases with disease progression. Pre-C and BCP mutations frequently occur in patients with genotype C1. HBV genotype C, pre-C mutations and BCP mutations are closely related to the occurrence of HCC.

  6. PARP-1 expression is increased in colon adenoma and carcinoma and correlates with OGG1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dziaman, Tomasz; Ludwiczak, Hubert; Ciesla, Jaroslaw M; Banaszkiewicz, Zbigniew; Winczura, Alicja; Chmielarczyk, Mateusz; Wisniewska, Ewa; Marszalek, Andrzej; Tudek, Barbara; Olinski, Ryszard

    2014-01-01

    The ethiology of colon cancer is largely dependent on inflammation driven oxidative stress. The analysis of 8-oxodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) level in leukocyte DNA of healthy controls (138 individuals), patients with benign adenomas (AD, 137 individuals) and with malignant carcinomas (CRC, 169 individuals) revealed a significant increase in the level of 8-oxodGuo in leukocyte DNA of AD and CRC patients in comparison to controls. The counteracting mechanism is base excision repair, in which OGG1 and PARP-1 play a key role. We investigated the level of PARP-1 and OGG1 mRNA and protein in diseased and marginal, normal tissues taken from AD and CRC patients and in leukocytes taken from the patients as well as from healthy subjects. In colon tumors the PARP-1 mRNA level was higher than in unaffected colon tissue and in polyp tissues. A high positive correlation was found between PARP-1 and OGG1 mRNA levels in all investigated tissues. This suggests reciprocal influence of PARP-1 and OGG1 on their expression and stability, and may contribute to progression of colon cancer. PARP-1 and OGG1 proteins level was several fold higher in polyps and CRC in comparison to normal colon tissues. Individuals bearing the Cys326Cys genotype of OGG1 were characterized by higher PARP-1 protein level in diseased tissues than the Ser326Cys and Ser326Ser genotypes. Aforementioned result may suggest that the diseased cells with polymorphic OGG1 recruit more PARP protein, which is necessary to remove 8-oxodGuo. Thus, patients with decreased activity of OGG1/polymorphism of the OGG1 gene and higher 8-oxodGuo level may be more susceptible to treatment with PARP-1 inhibitors.

  7. The Correlation of p53 and nm23-H1 Expression with Invasivenes and Metastasis in Esophageal Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIULigang; PANTiecheng; 等

    2002-01-01

    Objective:To study the relationship between expression of p53 and nm23-H1 and differentiation,invasiveness and metastasis in human esophageal carcinoma,and the correlation between expression of p53 and nm23-H1.Methods:Expression of p53 and nm23-H1 in 50 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus was detected by using immunohistochemical S-P methods.Results:35 caes(70%) and 32 cases(64%) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were positive for nm23-H1 protein and p53 protein,respectivel.The expression of nm23-H1 was related to lymphatic metastasis(P0.05).The lymphatic metastasis location positive group had a very lower expression of nm23-H1 and the negative rage was 70.8% ,but the negative group had a higher expression and the positive rate was 65.4% ,The expression of p53 was related to tumor differentiation and invasiveness(P0.05).Among the three grups,the high differentiation group had the lowest expression of p53 and the positive rate was 29.2%,but the low differentiation group had the highest positvie rate(71.4%) ,As for tmor invasiveness,the group of outer membrane of esophagus infiltrated had the highest p53 proten positive rate (56%) .but in the group of mucous or submucous layer infiltrated p53 protein was not detectable.The low expression of nm23-H1 and the high expression of p53 were also correlated.The expression of nm23-H1 and p53 were both correlated with TNM stage of esophageal carcinoma (P<0.05).The better esophageal carcinomas differentiated,the lower nm23-H1 expressed and higher p53 expressed.Conclusion Low expression of nm23-H1 and high expression of p53 play an important role in the progression of squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus.Nm 23-H1 might be a gene marker in the prophecy of patients' prognosis and benefit tumor treatment clinically.

  8. URACHAL CARCINOMA IN BLADDER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛丽燕; 吕宁; 何祖根; 林冬梅; 刘秀云

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic features and diagnostic criteria of urachal carcinoma in the bladder.Methods: Seven cases of urachal carcinoma in the bladder were analyzed retrospectively. Results: All the tumors were found locating in the dome of bladder. Of them, 4 were mucinous adenocarcinoma, one was well differentiated papillary enteric adenocarcinoma, one was well differentiated squamous carcinoma, and one was neuroendocrine carcinoma. Cystomorphous urachal remnants were found in 4 cases. The main complaint was hematuria and all patients underwent partial excision of bladder and urachus. Conclusion: Mucinous adenocarcinoma is the main histo-pathological type, and cystomorphous urachal remnants are often accompanied with urachal carcinoma in the bladder. The key diagnostic criteria of urachal carcinoma in bladder are site and histopathology. And to examine the specimens carefully to find the urachal remnants is important.

  9. Clinicopathological study on the nipple-areolar complex involvement in operable breast carcinoma in 407 cases%407例可手术乳腺癌乳头乳晕复合体癌浸润的临床病理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭德峰; 王圣应; 朱正志; 张荣新; 张晖

    2012-01-01

    目的 探求可手术乳腺癌乳头乳晕复合体( NAC)癌浸润与临床、病理的关系,及保留NAC改良乳腺癌根治术的禁忌证和适应证.方法 对407例术前记录肿瘤位置、大小、肿瘤缘距乳晕边缘的距离(D)等资料;术中采集NAC的离体标本行常规病理检查;运用统计学方法分析临床、病理相关因素与NAC癌浸润的关系.结果 本组NAC癌浸润率为13.27%(54/407);与年龄、病理类型无相关性;与肿瘤的位置、D值、肿瘤最大径、肿瘤的TNM分期和NAC的临床表现及腋窝淋巴结状态差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 肿瘤的位置、D值、肿瘤最大径、肿瘤的TNM分期和NAC的临床表现及腋窝淋巴结状态是影响NAC癌浸润的主要因素.保留NAC的改良根治术的适应证:①Ⅰ、Ⅱa期乳腺癌患者;②患者有保留NAC和/或乳房外形的愿望,但不能或不愿行保乳术;③非中央区乳腺癌,D≥2 cm;④肿瘤最大径≤3 cm;⑤乳头无溢液、无湿疹样改变、无内陷及歪斜等异常表现,乳晕无桔皮样改变,未受侵犯;⑥保留的乳头乳晕区皮下组织深面5处取样冰冻切片病理无癌细胞浸润.严格把握适应证行保留NAC的改良根治术是安全可行的.%Objective To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of nipple-areolar complex (NAC) involvement in patients with operable breast carcinoma and to determine the indications and risk factors of NAC-sparing modified radical mastectomy. Methods 407 female patients with primary breast cancer were included in the study.Data like tumor position, tumor size, the distance from the tumor to the margin of areolar (D) were recorded.NAC sample in vitro was collected and routine pathological examination was performed.Statistical methods were employed to analyze the relation between the clinicopathological factors and NAC involvement.Results The rate of NAC involvement was 13.27% (54/407).NAC involvement had no

  10. BZLF1 Expression of EBV is correlated with PARP1 Regulation on Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Tissues

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    Wahyu nur laili fajri, Ahmad Rofi'i, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC is a cancer that arises in the epithelial tissue that covers the inside of the nasopharyngeal mucosa and nasopharynx. Infected Epstein Barr Virus (EBV cell in a latent infection associated with the expression of nine latent proteins. Latent Membrane Protein 1 (LMP1 is one of latent proteins, and mayor EBV oncoprotein, with functions including virus growth, and to activate BamHI-Z Leftward Reading Frame 1 (BZLF1-EBV, which can inhibit p53 to induce apoptotic resistance, metastasis, and immune modulation. The body will respond to the expansion of EBV infection with activation of Poly(ADP-ribosePolymerase-1 (PARP1. The objective of study is to observe the expression of BZLF1 and determine PARP1 regulation in nasopharyngeal tissues. NPC-T2, NPC-T3 and polyp tissues slides are from Ulin Hospital, Banjarmasin. To characterize the necrotic cells such as pyknosis, karyorrhexsis, and karyolysis, histological slides were stained by HE that the necrotic cells measured by using a BX-53 microscope (Olympus with CellSens Standard software. Tissues slides were stained by using immunofluorohistochemistry with EBV-BZLF1 antibody-Mouse anti-EBV monoclonal antibody against Goat anti-mouse IgG-FITC and anti-PARP1 antibody (MC-10 against Goat anti-mouse IgG labeled Rhodamin. The expression intensities were measured by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (Olympus. The percentage number of necrotic cells and BZLF1 and PARP1 expression intensity were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 by one-way ANOVA test with α = 0.05, beside that we use correlate and regression analyze. The research showed that the amount of karryorhexis higher than pyknosis and karyolysis in both tissues. BZLF1 expression 1.79 INT/sel (in polyp, 2.76 INT/sel (NPC Type 2 and 4.36 INT/sel (NPC Type 3, PARP1 expression 2.25 INT/sel (in polyp, 3.31 INT/sel (NPC Type 2, dan 5.93 INT/sel (NPC Type 3.The high of intensity of expression BZLF1 induced the increasing of PARP1 expression

  11. Action and mechanism of Fas and Fas ligand in immune escape of gallbladder carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Ning Xu; Sheng-Quan Zou; Jian-Ming Wang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To study the role of Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) in biological behaviors of gallbladder carcinoma, and their correlated action and mechanism in tumor escape.METHODS: Streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase immunohistochemistry technique was used to study the expression of Fas and FasL protein in 26 gallbladder carcinoma tissues,18 gallbladder adenoma tissues, 3 gallbladder dysplasia tissues and 20 chronic cholecystitis tissues. Apoptosis of the infiltrating lymphocytes in these tissues was studied by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) method. Expression of both proteins and apoptosis of the tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in cancer tissues of primary foci was compared with clinicopathological features of gallbladder carcinoma.RESULTS: The positive rates of Fas were not significantly different among carcinoma, adenoma, dysplasia and chronic cholecystitis. The positive rate of FasL in carcinoma was significantly higher than that in chronic cholecystitis (x2 = 4.89, P<0.05). The apoptotic index (AI) in carcinoma was significantly higher than that in adenoma (t'= 4.19, P<0.01) and chronic cholecystitis (t'= 8.06, P<0.01). The AI was significantly lower in well-differentiated carcinoma and Nevin Ⅰ-Ⅲ carcinoma than that in poorly-differentiated carcinoma (t'= 2.63, P<0.05) and Nevin Ⅳ-Ⅴ carcinoma(t'= 3.33, P<0.01). The confidence interval (CI) ofinfiltrating lymphocytes in adenoma, chronic cholecystitis, well-differentiated carcinoma and Nevin Ⅰ-Ⅲ carcinoma wasvery significantly lower than that in carcinoma (t' = 6.99,P<0.01), adenoma (t' = 3.66, P<0.01), poorly-differentiated carcinoma (t' = 5.31, P<0.01) and Nevin Ⅳ-Ⅴ carcinoma(t' = 3.76, P<0.01), respectively. The CI of apoptosis of infiltrating lymphocytes in well-differentiated carcinoma was significantly lower than that in poorly-differentiated carcinoma (t = 2.52, P<0.05), and was not significantly lower in Nevin Ⅰ-Ⅲ carcinoma than

  12. CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL AND IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF ENDOCERVICAL ADENOCARCINOMA

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    Arockiasamy Babiya Infant

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Primary adenocarcinoma of cervix constitutes 10-15% of all cases of carcinoma of cervix, which is the second most common carcinoma next to squamous cell carcinoma. Endocervical adenocarcinoma have a considerable morphological overlap with endometrial adenocarcinoma though they differ in their aetiologies, behaviour, and treatments. This makes their diagnosis very difficult particularly in biopsy or curetting specimens or when a fractional dilation and curettage specimens show adenocarcinoma in both components of it. This study was done in the aim to suggest the possible origin of the tumour with the help of immunohistochemistry. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To identify the incidence, distribution, clinicopathological, histomorphological features of endocervical adenocarcinomas and to determine the immunohistochemical expression of CEA, Vimentin, ER and PR in endometrioid type of adenocarcinoma detected in endocervical biopsies, fractional dilation and curettage specimens (Both the components showing similar morphology, and in hysterectomy specimens to suggest the site of origin of tumour. MATERIALS AND METHODS It is a retrospective descriptive study of cervical adenocarcinomas conducted in the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Madras Medical College, Chennai for a period of 4 years during the period between 2009 November to 2013 October. The statistical analysis was performed using statistical package for social science software version 11.5 the clinicopathological profile of the tumour were calculated using Student t-test and chi-square test. OBSERVATION AND RESULTS Among the total 13499 cases received during the study period, 2489 were cervical malignancies comprising 148 adenocarcinoma. It includes 101 mucinous (Endocervical type, 44 endometrioid type, 2 serous type, and 1 clear cell type. Among the 30 cases of endometrioid type, 16 cases showed definite immunophenotype of cervical origin, 9 cases of endometrial origin and in the

  13. CDH1和MLH1蛋白在甲状腺癌中的表达及临床意义%Expression and clinicopathological significances of CDH1 and MLH1 protein in thyroid carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    哈力木拉提·木尔扎提; 赛力克·马高维亚; 华天书; 杨曦; 阿不来提·买买提艾力; 夏米西努尔·伊力克

    2012-01-01

    Background and purpose: It was reported that abnormal expression of cadherin 1 (CDH1) and mut L homolog 1 (MLH1) is often associated with tumor genesis and progression. The study investigated the expression of CDH1 and MLH1, as well as their clinicopathological significance in thyroid cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemical SP method was used to determine the expression of CDH1 in 65 thyroid cancer tissues, 24 thyroid adenoma, 15 Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 7 nodular goiter and 12 peri-tumor tissues, and MLH1 in 56 thyroid cancer tissues, 17 thyroid adenoma, 13 Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 8 nodular goiter and 12 peri-tumor tissues. Results: Expression of CDH1 and MLH1 both decreased from normal tissue (83.33% and 83.33%), nodular goiter (100% and 75%), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (93.33% and 76.92%), thyroid adenoma (79.17% and 52.94%) to thyroid cancer (47.69% and 42.86%) differently. There were statistic differences in expressions of CDH1 and MLH1 between the different thyroid pathological tissues (P<0.05). Expression level of CDH1 and MLH1 decreased with the malignancy of thyroid cancer. Decreasing of expression of CDH1 correlated with PTC and FTC, also with lymph node metastasis. There was positive correlation between the CDHl and MUM expressions in thyroid cancer (r<0.4, P<0.05). Conclusion: Low expression of CDH1 and MLH1 might be related to the thyroid cancer and its metastasis; there is positive correlation between the CDH1 and MLH1 in thyroid cancer.%背景与目的:上皮型钙黏着蛋白1(cadherin 1,CDH1)和Mut L同源基因1(mut L homolog 1,MLH1)在不同肿瘤的发生、发展中起一定作用.本文旨在探讨CDH1和MLH1在甲状腺癌组织中的表达及临床意义.方法:用免疫组织化学SP法检测甲状腺癌(65例)、甲状腺腺瘤(24例)、桥本甲状腺炎(15例)、结节性甲状腺肿(7例)和癌旁正常组织(12例)中CDH1蛋白的表达,以及甲状腺癌(56例)、甲状腺腺瘤(17例)、桥本氏甲状腺炎(13

  14. High Ki-67 Immunohistochemical Reactivity Correlates With Poor Prognosis in Bladder Carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yihuan; Zhang, Xin; Mo, Meile; Tan, Zhong; Huang, Lanshan; Zhou, Hong; Wang, Chunqin; Wei, Fanglin; Qiu, Xiaohui; He, Rongquan; Chen, Gang

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Ki-67 is considered as one of prime biomarkers to reflect cell proliferation and immunohistochemical Ki-67 staining has been widely applied in clinical pathology. To solve the widespread controversy whether Ki-67 reactivity significantly predicts clinical prognosis of bladder carcinoma (BC), we performed a comprehensive meta-analysis by combining results from different literature. A comprehensive search was conducted in the Chinese databases of WanFang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Chinese VIP as well as English databases of PubMed, ISI web of science, EMBASE, Science Direct, and Wiley online library. Independent studies linking Ki-67 to cancer-specific survival (CSS), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were included in our meta-analysis. With the cut-off values literature provided, hazard ratio (HR) values between the survival distributions were extracted and later combined with STATA 12.0. In total, 76 studies (n = 13,053 patients) were eligible for the meta-analysis. It was indicated in either univariate or multivariate analysis for survival that high Ki-67 reactivity significantly predicted poor prognosis. In the univariate analysis, the combined HR for CSS, DFS, OS, PFS, and RFS were 2.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.623–4.127, P < 0.001), 2.697 (95%CI: 1.874–3.883, P < 0.001), 2.649 (95%CI: 1.632–4.300, P < 0.001), 3.506 (95%CI: 2.231–5.508, P < 0.001), and 1.792 (95%CI: 1.409–2.279, P < 0.001), respectively. The pooled HR of multivariate analysis for CSS, DFS, OS, PFS, and RFS were 1.868 (95%CI: 1.343–2.597, P < 0.001), 2.626 (95%CI: 2.089–3.301, P < 0.001), 1.104 (95%CI: 1.008–1.209, P = 0.032), 1.518 (95%CI: 1.299–1.773, P < 0.001), and 1.294 (95%CI: 1.203–1.392, P < 0.001), respectively. Subgroup analysis of univariate analysis by origin showed that Ki-67 reactivity significantly

  15. Analysis of P53 Mutation and Invasion Front Grading in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐三保; 徐东选; 周彬

    2010-01-01

    We examined P53 mutation and invasion front grading (IFG) in 30 cases of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). The association of P53 mutation and IFG scores with clinicopa-thological parameters was evaluated. P53 mutation existed in exon 5-8 in 15 out of the 30 OSCCs (50%). The incidence of P53 mutation was not associated with age, gender, N value and TNM stage. However, there was a significant correlation between P53 mutation and T value (P=0.046). There were no statistically significant correlations amo...

  16. 胆管细胞性肝癌的血管新生及临床病理意义%Angiogenesis in cholangiocellular carcinoma and clinico-pathological significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤地; 梁力建; 黄洁夫; 永野皓昭

    2005-01-01

    [Objective] To elucidate the angiogenesis status of CCC, the relationship with well known angiogenic factors and clinico-pathological means. [Methods] 33 specimen of surgically resected CCC were investigated. Angiogenesis of tumor was assessed by routine microvessel density counting using anti-CD34 antibody. Immunohistochemical Staining of VEGF Ang-1 Ang-2 and TSP-1 were carried out. [Results] The mean MVD is (87.2±52.6),with a ranged of from 10 to 229. VEGF expression is positive in 75.6% cases; Ang-1 expression is positive in 36%