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Sample records for carboranes

  1. Synthesis of 1-primary alkylamino-o-carboranes by reduction of 1-primary alkylnitro-o-carboranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zakharkin, L.I.; Ol'shevskaya, V.A.; Vinogradova, L.E.

    1999-01-01

    By action of 1-sodium-o-carboranes in liquid ammonia on α,β-unsaturated nitro compounds an easy addition of 1-sodium-o-carboranes to 1-4 positions of α,β-unsaturated nitro compounds is observed resulting in o-carborane nitro derivatives. Primary alkylamino-o-carboranes isolated as a hydrochlorides have been prepared by reducing some o-carborane nitro derivatives with LiAlH 4 in ether solutions [ru

  2. Protonation of 1-alkyl-2-allyllithium-0-carboranes and 1-methyl-2-allylmaonesium chloride-0-carborane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanova, N.N.; Kazantsev, A.V.; Zakharkin, L.I.

    1975-01-01

    The ratio of 1-alkyl-2-allyl and 1-alkyl-2-propenyl-0-carboranes generated in protonation of 1-alkyl-2-lithium allyl-0-carboranes with various protolytic agents in ether, THF and liquid ammonia depends on the nature of protolytic agent and solvent. The rat:o of these allyl and propenyl isomers is also affected by steric effects of the protolytic agent and 0-carborane nucleus

  3. Development of carborane synthons: Synthesis and chemistry of (aminoalkyl)carboranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilson, J.G.; Anisuzzaman, A.K.M.; Soloway, A.H.; Alam, F.

    1992-01-01

    A number of (aminoalkyl)-1,2-closo-dodecaboranes have been synthesized to provide carboranes with a functional group for covalent incorporation into structures of potential use in the treatment of cancer by boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). (Phthalimidoalkyl)acetylenes reacted with decaborane to give the corresponding carboranes; removal of the phthalimido group under mild conditions using sodium borohydride in 2-propanol furnished the (aminoalkyl)carboranes which were isolated as their hydrochloride salts. An alternative approach involved the conversion of an (iodoalkyl)- or a ((tosyloxy)alkyl)carborane to the azido derivative which gave the amine on hydrogenation. An effective way of attaching a carborane moiety to thiouracil, which is selectively taken up in melanoma cells, is illustrated by the acylation of two of these amines with thiouracil-5-carboxylic acid

  4. Sythesis and investigation of m-carborane-containing polybenzimidazoles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korshak, V.V.; Vagin, V.V.; Izyneev, A.A.; Bekasova, N.I.

    1975-01-01

    New m-carborane-containing polybenzimidazoles (PBI) have been obtained by chemical cyclization of m-carborane-containing polyaminoamides (PAA) with the N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone-sulphuric anhydride complex or polyphosphoric acid esters being used as the cyclodehydrating reagents. The obtained m-carborane-containing PAA and PBI have been tested for solubility, heat resistance and chemical stability. The structure of m-carborane-containing PBI has been determined by abalysis of their infrared spectra

  5. Sythesis and investigation of m-carborane-containing polybenzimidazoles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korshak, V V; Vagin, V V; Izyneev, A A; Bekasova, N I [AN SSSR, Moscow. Inst. Ehlementoorganicheskikh Soedinenij

    1975-09-01

    New m-carborane-containing polybenzimidazoles (PBI) have been obtained by chemical cyclization of m-carborane-containing polyaminoamides (PAA) with the N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone-sulphuric anhydride complex or polyphosphoric acid esters being used as the cyclodehydrating reagents. The obtained m-carborane-containing PAA and PBI have been tested for solubility, heat resistance and chemical stability. The structure of m-carborane-containing PBI has been determined by abalysis of their infrared spectra.

  6. Carborane-linked 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-O-triphosphate as building block for polymerase synthesis of carborane-modified DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balintová, Jana; Simonova, Anna; Białek-Pietras, Magdalena; Olejniczak, Agnieszka; Lesnikowski, Zbigniew J; Hocek, Michal

    2017-11-01

    5-[(p-Carborane-2-yl)ethynyl]-2'-deoxyuridine 5'-O-triphosphate was synthesized and used as a good substrate in enzymatic construction of carborane-modified DNA or oligonucleotides containing up to 21 carborane moieties in primer extension reactions by DNA polymerases. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Synthesis, radioiodination, and biodistribution of some nido- and closo-monocarbon carborane derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilbur, D. Scott; Hamlin, Donald K.; Srivastava, Rajiv R.; Chyan, Ming-Kuan

    2004-01-01

    Iodination and radioiodination reactions of several anionic nido- and closo-monocarbon carboranes were conducted. Iodinations occurred more rapidly with nido-carboranes than with closo-carboranes. The most rapid iodination and radioiodination reactions occurred with unsubstituted carboranes. C-amino and C-ammonium derivatives did not iodinate under the conditions studied. Both nido- and closo-carboranes with C-NH-acetyl and C-NH-succinyl substituents iodinated, but the nido-carboranes iodinated under milder reaction conditions. Biodistributions of nido-1-succinylamido-[ 131 I]carborane and closo-1-succinylamido-[ 125 I]carborane were similar in mice, but blood clearance of the nido- compound was slower

  8. Burn Rate Modification with Carborane Polymers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-01

    limited amount of material, but observations confirmed the rubber consistency necessary for formulation. The chemical reaction resulting in the urethane...unlimited. AD U.S. ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER Munitions Engineering Technology Center Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey...Missile Research Development and Engineering Center, Redstone Arsenal, AL, for the n-hexyl carborane. UNCLASSIFIED Approved for public

  9. Carborane-based inhibitors of carbonic anhydrases

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brynda, Jiří; Pachl, Petr; Šícha, Václav; Fábry, Milan; Grüner, Bohumír; Cígler, Petr; Řezáčová, Pavlína

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 22, č. 1 (2015), s. 3 ISSN 1211-5894. [Discussions in Structural Molecular Biology. Annual Meeting of the Czech Society for Structural Biology /13./. 19.03.2015-21.03.2015, Nové Hrady] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-05677S Institutional support: RVO:61388963 ; RVO:68378050 ; RVO:61388980 Keywords : carboranes * carbonic anhydrase Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  10. Structure and reactivity of closo- and nido- carboranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stanko, V.I.; Brattsev, V.A.; Knyazev, S.P.

    1975-01-01

    The structure, methods of obtaining and chemical properties of closo- and nido-carboranes are considered in this paper. Some general regularities of chemical reactions involving carborones are revealed. Variations in the physicochemical properties are also considered. Possible mechanisms of reactions with the participation of carboranes are set forth

  11. Research advancements and applications of carboranes in nuclear medicinal chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Wen; Wei Hongyuan; Luo Shunzhong

    2011-01-01

    Because of their uniquely high thermal and chemical stabilities, carboranes have become a subject of study with high interest in the chemistry of supra molecules, catalysts and radiopharmaceuticals. In recent years, the role of carboranes in nuclear medicinal chemistry has been diversified, from the traditional use in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), to the clinical applications in molecular radio imaging and therapy. This paper provides an overview of the synthesis and characterization of carboranes and their applications in nuclear medicinal chemistry, with highlights of recent key advancements in the re- search areas of BNCT and radio imaging. (authors)

  12. Design of Carborane Molecular Architectures via Electronic Structure Computations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliva, J.M.; Serrano-Andres, L.; Klein, D.J.; Schleyer, P.V.R.; Mich, J.

    2009-01-01

    Quantum-mechanical electronic structure computations were employed to explore initial steps towards a comprehensive design of poly carborane architectures through assembly of molecular units. Aspects considered were (i) the striking modification of geometrical parameters through substitution, (ii) endohedral carboranes and proposed ejection mechanisms for energy/ion/atom/energy storage/transport, (iii) the excited state character in single and dimeric molecular units, and (iv) higher architectural constructs. A goal of this work is to find optimal architectures where atom/ion/energy/spin transport within carborane superclusters is feasible in order to modernize and improve future photo energy processes.

  13. Synthesis and characterization of nido-carborane-cobalamin conjugates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hogenkamp, Harry P.C.; Collins, Douglas A.; Live, David; Benson, Linda M.; Naylor, Stephen

    2000-01-01

    Three vitamin B 12 (cyanocobalamin) conjugates bearing one nido-carborane molecule or two nido-carborane molecules linked to the propionamide side chains via a four carbon linker have been synthesized. Reaction of o-carboranoylchloride with 1,4-diaminobutane in pyridine produced nido-carboranoyl(4-amidobutyl)amine, which was linked to the b- and d-monocarboxylic acids and the b,d-dicarboxylic acid of cyanocobalamin. Mass spectrometry analysis as well as 11 B nuclear magnetic resonance demonstrated that during the reaction of o-carboranonylchloride with diaminobutane one of the boron atoms was eliminated. In vitro biological activity of the cyanocobalamin-nido-carborane conjugates was assessed by the unsaturated vitamin B 12 binding capacity assay. When compared with 57 Co cyanocobalamin, the biological activity of cyanocobalamin-b-nido-carborane, cyanocobalamin-d-nido-carborane, and cyanocobalamin-b-d-bis-nido-carborane conjugates were 92.93%, 35.75%, and 37.02%, respectively. These findings suggest that the 10 B cobalamin conjugates might be useful agents in treating malignant tumors via neutron capture therapy

  14. Forging Unsupported Metal-Boryl Bonds with Icosahedral Carboranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Liban M A; Dziedzic, Rafal M; Khan, Saeed I; Spokoyny, Alexander M

    2016-06-13

    In contrast to the plethora of metal-catalyzed cross-coupling methods available for the installation of functional groups on aromatic hydrocarbons, a comparable variety of methods are currently not available for icosahedral carboranes, which are boron-rich three-dimensional aromatic analogues of aryl groups. Part of this is due to the limited understanding of the elementary steps for cross-coupling involving carboranes. Here, we report our efforts in isolating metal-boryl complexes to further our understanding of one of these elementary steps, oxidative addition. Structurally characterized examples of group 10 M-B bonds featuring icosahedral carboranes are completely unknown. Use of mercurocarboranes as a reagent to deliver M-B bonds saw divergent reactivity for platinum and palladium, with a Pt-B bond being isolated for the former, and a rare Pd-Hg bond being formed for the latter. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. N,O-Type Carborane-Based Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Giner Planas

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This review summarizes the synthesis and coordination chemistry of a series of carboranyl ligands containing N,O donors. Such carborane-based ligands are scarcely reported in the literature when compared to other heteroatom-containing donors. The synthetic routes for metal complexes of these N,O-type carborane ligands are summarized and the properties of such complexes are described in detail. Particular attention is paid to the effect that the incorporation of carboranes has into the coordination chemistry of the otherwise carbon-based ligands and the properties of such materials. The reported complexes show a variety of properties such as those used in magnetic, chiroptical, nonlinear optical, catalytic and biomedical applications.

  16. Polymers containing borane or carborane cage compounds and related applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, III, Daniel E.; Eastwood, Eric A [Raymore, MO

    2012-06-05

    Polymers comprising residues of borane and/or carborane cage compound monomers having at least one polyalkoxy silyl substituent. Such polymers can further comprise one or more reactive matrices and/or co-monomers covalently bound with the cage compound monomer residues. Methods of making and applications for using such polymers are also disclosed.

  17. Investigation of gamma-ray induced polymer formation of the carboranes. Progress report, November 1, 1974--October 31, 1975

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klingen, T.J.

    1975-01-01

    Progress is reported in studies on radioinduced polymerization in organo substituted derivatives of 1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecarborane-(11),o-carborane. They include studies on: INDO calculations of charge transfer; dipole moments and plastic crystallinity; o-carborane radiolysis; and, the radiolysis of 1-phenyl-o-carborane

  18. Competition between Halogen, Hydrogen and Dihydrogen Bonding in Brominated Carboranes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fanfrlík, Jindřich; Holub, Josef; Růžičková, Z.; Řezáč, Jan; Lane, P. D.; Wann, D. A.; Hnyk, Drahomír; Růžička, A.; Hobza, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 17, č. 21 (2016), s. 3373-3376 ISSN 1439-4235 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP208/12/G016; GA ČR(CZ) GA15-05677S Institutional support: RVO:61388963 ; RVO:61388980 Keywords : bromine * carboranes * halogen bonds * sigma holes * X-ray crystal structure Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry; CA - Inorganic Chemistry (UACH-T) Impact factor: 3.075, year: 2016

  19. Medicinal utility of boron clusters. Receptor modulators bearing carborane as a hydrophobic pharmacophore

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endo, Y.; Iijima, T.; Yaguchi, K.; Yoshimi, T.; Yamakoshi, Y.; Kawachi, E.; Kagechika, H.

    2000-01-01

    The hydrophobic character and spherical geometry of carboranes may allow their use as a hydrophobic pharmacophore in biologically active molecules. We report potent cellular nuclear receptor ligands with carborane such as retinoids and estrogens. These receptor ligands raise the possibility for therapeutic agents, and their membrane transport characteristics and concentration in cellular nucleus may provide potential use for BNCT. (author)

  20. Carborane-linked 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-O-triphosphate as building block for polymerase synthesis of carborane-modified DNA

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Balintová, Jana; Simonova, Anna; Bialek-Pietras, M.; Olejniczak, A.; Lesnikowski, Z. J.; Hocek, Michal

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 27, č. 21 (2017), s. 4786-4788 ISSN 0960-894X R&D Projects: GA ČR GBP206/12/G151 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) AP1501 Program:Akademická prémie - Praemium Academiae Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : nucleotides * nucleoside triphosphates * carboranes * DNA polymerase * oligonucleotides Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Organic chemistry Impact factor: 2.454, year: 2016

  1. Synthesis, Amphiphilic Property and Thermal Stability of Novel Main-chain Poly(o-carborane-benzoxazines)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaoxue; Han, Guo; Yang, Zhen; Zhang, Xiaoa; Jiang, Shengling; Lyu, Yafei

    2017-10-01

    Five poly(o-carborane-benzoxazines) were synthesized via Mannich reaction of o-carborane bisphenol, paraformaldehyde, and diamine, and their structures were well characterized. Light transmission and 1H NMR in D2O confirmed that poly(o-carborane-benzoxazines) with PEG segments showed excellent water solubility and amphiphilic property. TGA analyses were conducted under nitrogen and air, and the results showed that the polymers own high initial decomposition temperatures owing to the shielding effect of carborane moiety on its adjacent aromatic structures. Besides, poly(o-carborane-benzoxazines) own high char yield at elevated temperatures, for the boron atom could combine with oxygen from the polymer structure or/and the air and be oxidized to form boron oxide, and thus the polymer weight is retained to a large extent. PEG segments had an adverse effect on the initial decomposition and char yield, and thus their concentration should be adjusted to control the polymer’s thermal stability.

  2. Nido-Carborane building-block reagents. 3. Cyclic and open-chain oligomers incorporating -CB4H6C - units. Crown carboranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyter, H.A. Jr.; Grimes, R.N.

    1988-01-01

    The open-chain dialkynes EtC≡C(CH 2 ) n C≡CEt (n = 4, 6), the trialkyne HC≡C(CH 2 ) 5 C≡CH, and the cyclic dialkynes CH 2 (CH 2 ) 4 C≡C(CH 2 ) n C≡C (n = 4-6) were treated with B 5 H 9 and (C 2 H 5 ) 3 to give the corresponding nido-carborane oligomers, in which the original -C≡C- units are converted to -CB 4 H 6 C- nido-carborane cages. In each case, all available -C≡C- groups were transformed to carborane moieties. No partially converted products (having both carborane and -C≡C- groups in the chain) were found; when the B 5 H 9 /-C≡C- ratio employed was 2+ and oxidative fusion, forming products incorporating C 4 B 8 cages. The cyclic bis(carborane) CH 2 (CH 2 ) 4 CB 4 H 6 C(CH 2 ) 5 CB 4 H 6 C is an air-stable oil that can be deprotonated but does not under metal-promoted oxidative fusion. All products were characterized by 11 B and 1 H NMR, infrared, visible-uv, and mass spectroscopy, and the 13 C NMR spectra of linear bis(carboranes) are reported. 9 references, 7 figures, 4 tables

  3. Adsorption of oriented carborane dipoles on a silver surface

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vetushka, Aliaksi; Bernard, L.; Guseva, O.; Bastl, Zdeněk; Plocek, Jiří; Tomandl, Ivo; Fejfar, Antonín; Baše, Tomáš; Schmutz, P.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 253, č. 3 (2016), 591-600 ISSN 0370-1972 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR GB14-37427G; GA ČR GAP205/10/0348 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 ; RVO:61388955 ; RVO:61388980 ; RVO:61389005 Keywords : carborane * Kelvin probe force microscopy * self-assembled monolayers * time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry * X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism; CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry (UFCH-W); CA - Inorganic Chemistry (UACH-T) Impact factor: 1.674, year: 2016

  4. Carborane-stilbene dyads: the influence of substituents and cluster isomers on photoluminescence properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer-Ugalde, A; Cabrera-González, J; Juárez-Pérez, E J; Teixidor, F; Pérez-Inestrosa, E; Montenegro, J M; Sillanpää, R; Haukka, M; Núñez, R

    2017-02-14

    Two novel styrene-containing meta-carborane derivatives substituted at the second carbon cluster atom (C c ) with either a methyl (Me) or a phenyl (Ph) group are introduced herein along with a new set of stilbene-containing ortho- (o-) and meta- (m-) carborane dyads. The latter set of compounds have been prepared from styrene-containing carborane derivatives via a Heck coupling reaction. High regioselectivity has been achieved for these compounds by using a combination of palladium complexes [Pd 2 (dba) 3 ]/[Pd(t-Bu 3 P) 2 ] as a catalytic system, yielding exclusively E isomers. All compounds have been fully characterised and the crystal structures of seven of them were analysed by X-ray diffraction. The absorption spectra of these compounds are similar to those of their respective fluorophore groups (styrene or stilbene), showing a very small influence of the substituent (Me or Ph) linked to the second C c atom or the cluster isomer (o- or m-). On the other hand, fluorescence spectroscopy revealed high emission intensities for Me-o-carborane derivatives, whereas their Ph-o-carborane analogues evidenced an almost total lack of fluorescence, confirming the significant role of the substituent bound to the adjacent C c in o-carboranes. In contrast, all the m-carborane derivatives display similar photoluminescence (PL) behavior regardless of the substituent attached to the second C c , demonstrating its small influence on emission properties. Additionally, m-carborane derivatives are significantly more fluorescent than their o-counterparts, reaching quantum yield values as high as 30.2%. Regarding solid state emission, only stilbene-containing Ph-o-carborane derivatives, which showed very low fluorescence in solution, exhibited notable PL emission in films attributed to aggregation-induced emission. DFT calculations were performed to successfully complement the photoluminescence studies, supporting the experimentally observed photophysical behavior of the styrene and

  5. Predicted Gas-Phase and Liquid-Phase Acidities of Carborane Carboxylic and Dicarboxylic Acids

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Oliva-Enrich, J. M.; Humbel, S.; Santaballa, J.A.; Alkorta, I.; Notario, R.; Dávalos, J. Z.; Canle-L., M.; Bernhardt, E.; Holub, Josef; Hnyk, Drahomír

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 3, č. 16 (2018), s. 4344-4353 ISSN 2365-6549 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Acidity * Carboranes * Computational Chemistry * Delocalization Energy * Electronic Structure Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry

  6. Enthalpies of vaporization of some acetylene peroxy derivatives of carboranes-12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dibrivnyj, V.N.; Pistun, Z.E.; Van-Chin-Syan, Yu.Ya.; Yuvchenko, A.P.; Zvereva, T.D.

    1999-01-01

    Temperature dependences of saturated vapor pressure and vaporization enthalpies of five acetylene peroxy derivatives of carboranes-12 are determined by the Knudsen effusion method. Enthalpies and melting points of crystals, as well as temperatures of liquid compounds decomposition start are determined by the method of differential scanning calorimetry. Comparison of evaporation enthalpies determined in the study confirms the conclusions on non-additive character of intermolecular interaction in carboranes and their derivatives, which have been made previously [ru

  7. Alkynyl substituted carboranes as precursors to boron carbide thin films, fibers and composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, S.E.; Yang, X.; Hawthorne, M.F.; Mackenzie, J.D.; Thorne, K.J.; Zheng, H.

    1992-01-01

    In this paper the use of alkynyl substituted derivatives of o-carborane as precursors to boron containing ceramics is described. These compounds undergo a thermally or photochemically induced polymerization to afford cross linked polyakynyl-o-carborane derivatives. The increase in molecular weight should allow for increased Tg's and the retention of modelled polymer preforms. In this report, these modification reactions are described. In addition, the retention of molded polymer preforms were analyzed after UV exposure and inert atmosphere pyrolysis

  8. Labelled compounds of interest as antitumour agents. Pt. 4: Deuteration and tritiation of a nitroimidazole-carborane designed for BNCT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scobie, Martin; Bew, S.P.; Threadgill, M.D.

    1994-01-01

    Quenching the anion generated from a 2-(ω-carboranylalkyl)dithiane with 2 H 2 O at -78 o C and at 0 o C introduced deuterium exclusively at C-2 of the carborane. Extension of this model reaction to a bioreductively-targetted carborane allowed the synthesis of 2-[ 2 H]- and 2-[ 3 H]-isotopomers of a nitroimidazole-carborane which is of interest in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) of cancer. (author)

  9. Enhancement of Aggregation-Induced Emission by Introducing Multiple o-Carborane Substitutions into Triphenylamine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenta Nishino

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The enhancement of aggregation-induced emission (AIE is presented on the basis of the strategy for improving solid-state luminescence by employing multiple o-carborane substituents. We synthesized the modified triphenylamines with various numbers of o-carborane units and compared their optical properties. From the optical measurements, the emission bands from the twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT state were obtained from the modified triphenylamines. It was notable that emission efficiencies of the multi-substituted triphenylamines including two or three o-carborane units were enhanced 6- to 8-fold compared to those of the mono-substituted triphenylamine. According to mechanistic studies, it was proposed that the single o-carborane substitution can load the AIE property via the TICT mechanism. It was revealed that the additional o-carborane units contribute to improving solid-state emission by suppressing aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ. Subsequently, intense AIEs were obtained. This paper presents a new role of the o-carborane substituent in the enhancement of AIEs.

  10. In vivo evaluation of carborane gadolinium-DTPA complex as an MR imaging boron carrier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakamura, Hiroyuki; Fukuda, Hiroshi; Girald, F.

    2000-01-01

    The evaluation of the Gd-carborane complex 2 as an MR imaging and boron carrier agent was carried out in vivo using tumor-bearing Donryu rats, MRI, ICP-AES, and α-autoradiography. The MR imaging revealed that the carborane Gd-DTPA 2 was metabolized slower in the body than Gd-DTPA 1. The results of the ICP-AES method indicated that compound 2 was incorporated into normal tissues and metabolized quickly, whereas it was not accumulated into tumor or brain tissue. The α-autoradiography showed that a high level of boron was obtained in the internal organs and in the necrosis of tumor tissue. (author)

  11. Carborane derivative development for boron neutron capture therapy. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barnum, Beverly A.; Yan Hao; Moore, Roger; Hawthorne, M. Frederick; Baum, Kurt

    1999-01-01

    Boron Neutron Capture Therapy [BNCT] is a binary method of cancer therapy based on the capture of neutrons by a boron-10 atom [ 10 B]. Cytotoxic 7 Li nuclei and α-particles are emitted, with a range in tissue of 9 and 5 microm, respectively, about one cell diameter. The major obstacle to clinically viable BNCT is the selective localization of 5-30 ppm 10 B in tumor cells required for effective therapy. A promising approach to BNCT is based on hydrophilic boron-rich oligomeric phosphate diesters, or ''trailers'' that have been shown to concentrate selectively in tumor tissue. Examples of these compounds were prepared previously at high cost using an automated DNA synthesizer. Direct synthesis methods are needed for the production of gram-scale quantities for further biological evaluation. The work accomplished as a result of the collaboration between Fluorochem, Inc. and UCLA demonstrates that short oligomers containing at least five carborane units with four phosphodiester linkages can be prepared in substantial quantities. This work was accomplished by the application of standard phosphoramidite coupling chemistry

  12. Tuning the surface potential of Ag surfaces by chemisorption of oppositely-oriented thiolated carborane dipoles

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lübben, J.F.; Baše, Tomáš; Rupper, P.; Künniger, T.; Macháček, Jan; Guimond, S.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 354, č. 1 (2011), s. 168-174 ISSN 0021-9797 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA400320901 Keywords : Adsorption * Thiolated carboranes * Silver surface * Surface potential * X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.070, year: 2011

  13. Isoflurane as a solvent for electrochemistry. Electrooxidation study of icosahedral carborane anions in four different solvents

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wahab, Abdul; Kvapilová, Hana; Klíma, Jiří; Michl, Josef; Ludvík, Jiří

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 689, JAN 2013 (2013), s. 257-261 ISSN 1572-6657 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME09002; GA ČR GC203/09/J058 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : isoflurane * relative permitivity * icosahedral carborane anions Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 2.871, year: 2013

  14. Electro-optical properties of poly[di(2-thiophenyl)carborane] and its opto-electronic application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cansu-Ergun, Emine Gul; Cihaner, Atilla

    2013-01-01

    Electrochemical and optical properties of a hybrid carborane based polymer called poly(di(2-thiophenyl)carborane) (P1) obtained electrochemically were reported as well as its electrochromic device application. Thiophene donor units and m-carborane acceptor unit were combined under the same umbrella via donor–acceptor–donor approach to obtain di(2-thiophenyl)carborane (1). Contrary to the literature, extreme conditions like highly dried solvent or inert atmosphere were not used for polymerization and characterization. Polymer P1 has an ambipolar character since it exhibited a reversible oxidation peak at a half wave potential (E 1/2 ) of 1.08 V and a quasi reversible reduction peak at E 1/2 = −1.82 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The polymer film has an optical band gap of 1.95 eV with a maximum absorption band centered at 488 nm. Also, it exhibited multicolor electrochromic behavior between its reduced and oxidized states changing from dark orange to light blue. Furthermore, the electrochromic device prepared based on P1 film was stable and robust. - Highlights: • Electrochromic properties of a carborane based conjugated polymer were reported. • The polymer exhibited an ambipolar character and multicolor behaviors. • It is the first electrochromic device based on a carborane unit

  15. The results of the toxicity and hazard studies of isopropyl meta-carborane with single administration to laboratory animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yushkov G.G.

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Intensive research on the chemistry of borohydrides and the creation of high-energy fuels led to the discovery of a completely new type of organoboron compounds, which were collectively called carboranes. Taking into account the scope of application of organoboron compounds in various branches of human economic activity, we present for publication the quantitative data of a toxicological study of the higher isomer of carboranes of isopropyl meta-carborane at the level of a single injection into the laboratory animals through the mouth and lungs. Background. Supplementing data on toxicity and the hazard of organoboron compounds requires the study of the response of the organism to the action of isopropyl meta-carborane. The purpose of the study: identification of possible features and specificity of the toxic effect of carboranes on the example of isopropyl meta-carborane. Methods. The object of the study is nonlinear laboratory animals: rats, mice and rabbits contained in standard vivarium conditions, with observance of the rules of humane treatment of animals. Traditional methods of research (physiological, hematological, morphological have been used. Statistical processing of data was carried out using the programs «Microsoft Office Excel 2007» and «Biostat». Differences were considered statistically significant at p ≤ 0.05, using a parametric test. Results. Acute toxicity parameters were obtained, which allowed the substance to be classified as moderately hazardous (3rd hazard class according to GOST 12.1.007, which does not have selective irritant, pneumotoxic and fibrogenic effects. Conclusion. Thus, the predominant influence of the substance is established objectively with a single exposure to the blood system as its toxicological feature, and its effect on spermatozoa is a specificity of the action, which stimulates the study of this carborane under conditions of chronic administration to the animals.

  16. Carborane-beta-cyclodextrin complexes as a supramolecular connector for bioactive surfaces

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Neirynck, P.; Schimer, Jiří; Jonkheijm, P.; Milroy, L. G.; Cígler, Petr; Brunsveld, L.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 3, č. 4 (2015), s. 539-545 ISSN 2050-750X R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LH11027 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : beta-cyclodextrine/carborane host-guest system * supramolecular chemistry * bioactive surfaces Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry Impact factor: 4.872, year: 2015 http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2015/tb/c4tb01489h

  17. Preparation and Separation of Telechelic Carborane-Containing Poly(ethylene glycol)s

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Matějíček, P.; Uchman, M.; Lepšík, Martin; Srnec, Martin; Zedník, J.; Kozlík, P.; Kalíková, K.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 78, č. 6 (2013), s. 528-535 ISSN 2192-6506 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAAX00320901 Grant - others:GA ČR(CZ) GPP208/12/P236 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : carboranes * click chemistry * poly(ethylene glycol) * quantum chemistry * reaction mechanisms Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 3.242, year: 2013

  18. Ion Transport across Biological Membranes by Carborane-Capped Gold Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzelczak, Marcin P; Danks, Stephen P; Klipp, Robert C; Belic, Domagoj; Zaulet, Adnana; Kunstmann-Olsen, Casper; Bradley, Dan F; Tsukuda, Tatsuya; Viñas, Clara; Teixidor, Francesc; Abramson, Jonathan J; Brust, Mathias

    2017-12-26

    Carborane-capped gold nanoparticles (Au/carborane NPs, 2-3 nm) can act as artificial ion transporters across biological membranes. The particles themselves are large hydrophobic anions that have the ability to disperse in aqueous media and to partition over both sides of a phospholipid bilayer membrane. Their presence therefore causes a membrane potential that is determined by the relative concentrations of particles on each side of the membrane according to the Nernst equation. The particles tend to adsorb to both sides of the membrane and can flip across if changes in membrane potential require their repartitioning. Such changes can be made either with a potentiostat in an electrochemical cell or by competition with another partitioning ion, for example, potassium in the presence of its specific transporter valinomycin. Carborane-capped gold nanoparticles have a ligand shell full of voids, which stem from the packing of near spherical ligands on a near spherical metal core. These voids are normally filled with sodium or potassium ions, and the charge is overcompensated by excess electrons in the metal core. The anionic particles are therefore able to take up and release a certain payload of cations and to adjust their net charge accordingly. It is demonstrated by potential-dependent fluorescence spectroscopy that polarized phospholipid membranes of vesicles can be depolarized by ion transport mediated by the particles. It is also shown that the particles act as alkali-ion-specific transporters across free-standing membranes under potentiostatic control. Magnesium ions are not transported.

  19. Photoluminescence in Carborane-Stilbene Triads: A Structural, Spectroscopic, and Computational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera-González, Justo; Viñas, Clara; Haukka, Matti; Bhattacharyya, Santanu; Gierschner, Johannes; Núñez, Rosario

    2016-09-12

    A set of triads in which o- and m-carborane clusters are bonded to two stilbene units through Ccluster -CH2 bonds was synthesized, and their structures were confirmed by X-ray diffraction. A study on the influence of the o- and m- isomers on the absorption and photoluminescence properties of the stilbene units in solution revealed no charge-transfer contributions in the lowest excited state, as confirmed by (TD)DFT calculations. The presence of one or two B-I groups in m-carborane derivatives does not affect the emission properties of the stilbenes in solution, probably due to the rather large distance between the iodo substituents and the fluorophore. Nevertheless, a significant redshift of the photoluminescence (PL) emission maximum in the solid state (thin films and powder samples) compared to solution was observed; this can be traced back to PL sensitization, most probably due to more densely packed stilbene moieties. Remarkably, the PL absolute quantum yields of powder samples are significantly higher than those in solution, and this was attributed to the restricted environment and the aforementioned sensitization. Thus, the bonding of the carborane clusters to two stilbene units preserves their PL behavior in solution, but produces significant changes in the solid state. Furthermore, iodinated species can be considered to be promising precursors for theranostic agents in which both imaging and therapeutic functions could possibly be combined. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Synthesis and in vivo evaluation of carborane gadolinium-DTPA complex as an MR imaging boron carrier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakamura, H.; Fukuda, H.; Girald, F.

    2000-01-01

    A carborane containing Gd-DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetate) complex 2 was synthesized using a palladium-catalyzed C-C bond forming reaction. The evaluation of the Gd-carborane complex 2 as a MR imaging and boron carrier agent was carried out in vivo by means of MRI, ICP-AES, and α-autoradiography. The MR imaging revealed that the carborane Gd-DTPA 2 was metabolized slower in the body in comparison with Gd-DTPA 1. The results of ICP-AES method indicated that compound 2 was incorporated into normal tissues and metabolized quickly, whereas it was not accumulated into tumor and brain tissue. The α-autoradiography showed that a high level of boron was obtained in the internal organs and in the necrosis of tumor tissue. (author)

  1. Carborane-containing urea-based inhibitors of glutamate carboxypeptidase II: Synthesis and structural characterization

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Youn, S.; Kim, K.I.; Ptáček, Jakub; Ok, K.; Nováková, Zora; Kim, Y.; Koo, J.; Bařinka, Cyril; Byun, Y.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 22 (2015), s. 5232-5236 ISSN 0960-894X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP301/12/1513; GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0109 Grant - others:GA MŠk(CZ) CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0045 Institutional support: RVO:86652036 Keywords : Carborane * Glutamate carboxypeptidase II * X-ray crystal structure Subject RIV: FR - Pharmacology ; Medidal Chemistry Impact factor: 2.486, year: 2015

  2. Quantitative Assessment of Substitution NMR Effects in the Model Series of o-Carborane Derivatives: alpha-Shift Correlation Method

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štíbr, Bohumil; Tok, Oleg L.; Holub, Josef

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 14 (2017), s. 8334-8340 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01618S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : nuclear- magnetic - resonance * meta-carboranes * heteroboranes Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  3. Structural, electronic and spectral properties of carborane-containing boron dipyrromethenes (BODIPYs): A first-principles study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaojun

    2017-10-01

    In this work, we reported the geometrical structures, electronic and spectral properties of the carborane-containing BODIPYs complexes using the density functional theory calculations. In two structures, the calculated main bond lengths and bond angels of structural framework are consistent with X-ray experiment, and the two BODIPYs complexes are thermodynamically and kinetically stable. The strongest DOS band is mainly dominated by the Bsbnd B and Bsbnd H σ-bonds of carborane fragment, whereas the π-type MOs on the pyrromethene fragment contribute to the high-energy DOS bands. Analysis of the AdNDP chemical bonding indicates that the carborane cage can be stabilized by eleven delocalized 3csbnd 2e and two delocalized 4csbnd 2e σ-bonds, while the pyrromethene fragment corresponds to five delocalized 3csbnd 2e π-bonds. In addition, the main characteristic peaks of the two simulated IR spectra for the BODIPYs complexes are properly assigned. Hopefully, all these results will be helpful for understanding the electronic structures, and further stimulate the study on the biological and medical applications.

  4. Carboranyl tetrahydroisoquinolines. Synthesis and the X-ray structural study of 1-(o-Carboran-1-ylmethyl)-1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinolines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jong Dae; Kang, Sang Ook [Korea University, Dept. of Chemistry, Chung-nam (Korea); Lee, Chai-Ho [Wonkwang Univ., Dept. of Chemistry, Jeonbuk (Korea); Lee, Seung-Hoon [National Cancer Center, Kyungi-do (Korea); Lim, Sang-Moo [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea); Cho, Sungil [Seoul City Univ., Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Seoul (Korea)

    2001-11-01

    Synthesis of the first fully characterized boronated tetrahydroisoquinolines is reported. Thus, tetrahydroisoquinolines containing 1-(0-carboran-1-ylmethyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines have been synthesized from the corresponding arylethylamines to provide carboranes attached to functional group capable of being covalently incorporated into structures of potential use in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). The carboranyl functionalities were attached at the 1-position of the tetrahydroisoquinoline molecule. Experimental details and analytical data leading to the identification of the reported compounds are provided. Additionally, the X-ray diffraction structure of 9b is reported. (author)

  5. Towards boron neutron capture therapy: the formulation and preliminary in vitro evaluation of liposomal vehicles for the therapeutic delivery of the dequalinium salt of bis-nido-carborane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodoropoulos, Dimitrios; Rova, Aikaterini; Smith, James R; Barbu, Eugen; Calabrese, Gianpiero; Vizirianakis, Ioannis S; Tsibouklis, John; Fatouros, Dimitrios G

    2013-11-15

    Liposomes of phosphatidylcholine or of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine that incorporate bis-nido-carborane dequalinium salt are stable in physiologically relevant media and have in vitro toxicity profiles that appear to be compatible with potential therapeutic applications. These features render the structures suitable candidate boron-delivery vehicles for evaluation in the boron neutron capture therapy of cancer. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Microwave Spectra and Structures of 1,2-(ortho)- and 1,7-(meta)-Carborane, C(2)B(10)H(12)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Samdal, S.; Mollendal, H.; Hnyk, Drahomír; Holub, Josef

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 115, č. 15 (2011), s. 3380-3385 ISSN 1089-5639 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP208/10/2269 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : quantum -chemical calculations * molecular structures * cluster compounds * closo-carboranes * dipole-moments Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.946, year: 2011

  7. Direct astatination of a tumour-binding protein, human epidermal growth factor, using nido-carborane as a prosthetic group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sjoestroem, A.; Carlsson, J.; Lundqvist, H.; Koziorowski, J.

    2003-01-01

    A method for direct astatine labeling of proteins has been investigated. Binding sites for astatine were created by coupling of a nido-carborane derivative to a protein, the human epidermal growth factor (hEGF), using two different conjugation methods - by glutaraldehyde cross-linking or by introduction of sulfohydryl groups by Traut's reagent with subsequent linking of ANC-1 with m-maleimidobenzoyl-N-hydroxysulfosuccinimide ester. The conjugates were astatinated using the Chloramine-T method in high yield. The best labeling was obtained by the glutaraldehyde conjugate with an average yield of 68 ± 9%. In vitro stability tests indicated that the glutaraldehyde conjugated label was as stable as hEGF labeled with astatobenzoate. (author)

  8. The synthesis and biochemical evaluation of thymidine analogues substituted with nido carborane at the N-3 position

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Byun, Youngjoo; Yan Junhua; Al-Madhoun, A.S.; Johnsamuel, Jayaseharan; Yang Weilian; Barth, R.F.; Eriksson, Staffan; Tjarks, Werner

    2004-01-01

    Several thymidine analogues substituted with closo- and nido-carborane at the N-3 position were synthesized. The nido-carboranyl thymidine analogues were designed to be effective substrates for human thymidine kinase 1 in combination with an increased water solubility sufficient for clinical application in boron neutron capture therapy. This was done because N-3 substituted closo-carboranyl thymidine analogues previously synthesized in our laboratories were good TK1 substrates but were poorly water-soluble. Newly synthesized zwitterionic amino nido- and the corresponding neutral closo-m-carboranyl thymidine analogues exhibited excellent TK1 phosphorylation rates up to 75% relative to thymidine, indicating that these compounds were good substrates for thymidine kinase 1. Thin layer chromatographic studies were indicative of increased hydrophilicity of the synthesized nido-carboranyl thymidine analogues compared with their closo-carboranyl counterparts and previously reported closo-carboranyl thymidine analogues

  9. Physisorbed o-carborane onto lyso-phosphatidylcholine-functionalized, single-walled carbon nanotubes: a potential carrier system for the therapeutic delivery of boron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yannopoulos, S N; Bouropoulos, N; Zouganelis, G D; Nurmohamed, S; Smith, J R; Fatouros, D G; Tsibouklis, J; Calabrese, G

    2010-01-01

    A combination of data from ICP-MS, Raman spectroscopy, UV-vis spectrometry, atomic force microscopy, ζ-potential measurements and gel electorphoresis studies has shown that o-carborane may be immobilized on stable aqueous dispersions of lyso-phosphatidylcholine-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes, which in turn indicates the potential of such structures for deployment as carrier vehicles in boron neutron capture therapy.

  10. Interactions of Boranes and Carboranes with Aromatic Systems: CCSD(T) Complete Basis Set Calculations and DFT-SAPT Analysis of Energy Components

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sedlák, Robert; Fanfrlík, Jindřich; Hnyk, Drahomír; Hobza, Pavel; Lepšík, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 114, č. 42 (2010), s. 11304-11311 ISSN 1089-5639 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC512; GA MŠk 1M0508; GA AV ČR IAAX00320901 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506; CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : noncovalent complex * carborane cage * dispersion Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 2.732, year: 2010

  11. Synthesis of a Neutral Mixed-Valence Diferrocenyl Carborane for Molecular Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christie, John A; Forrest, Ryan P; Corcelli, Steven A; Wasio, Natalie A; Quardokus, Rebecca C; Brown, Ryan; Kandel, S Alex; Lu, Yuhui; Lent, Craig S; Henderson, Kenneth W

    2015-12-14

    The preparation of 7-Fc(+) -8-Fc-7,8-nido-[C2 B9 H10 ](-) (Fc(+) FcC2 B9 (-) ) demonstrates the successful incorporation of a carborane cage as an internal counteranion bridging between ferrocene and ferrocenium units. This neutral mixed-valence Fe(II) /Fe(III) complex overcomes the proximal electronic bias imposed by external counterions, a practical limitation in the use of molecular switches. A combination of UV/Vis-NIR spectroscopic and TD-DFT computational studies indicate that electron transfer within Fc(+) FcC2 B9 (-) is achieved through a bridge-mediated mechanism. This electronic framework therefore provides the possibility of an all-neutral null state, a key requirement for the implementation of quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) molecular computing. The adhesion, ordering, and characterization of Fc(+) FcC2 B9 (-) on Au(111) has been observed by scanning tunneling microscopy. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Droplet electrochemical study of the pH dependent redox behavior of novel ferrocenyl-carborane derivatives and its application in specific cancer cell recognition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Changyu [State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory), Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Shah, Afzal [Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Ye, Hongde [State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Chen, Xiao; Ye, Jing; Jiang, Hui [State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory), Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Chen, Baoan [Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Zhongda Hospital, Clinical Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009 (China); Wang, Xuemei, E-mail: xuewang@seu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics (Chien-Shiung Wu Laboratory), Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Yan, Hong, E-mail: hyan1965@nju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2015-02-01

    Highlights: • Electrochemical behaviors of novel ferrocenyl based carboranes (FcCB) were explored with a droplet system. • The shifts of peak potentials with changes of pH values indicated the involvement of proton during electron transfer reaction. • Normal cells and cancer cells could be specifically recognized by using FcCB as probe. • This electrochemical method in a droplet shows great potential application for relevant diagnostics of clinical samples. - Abstract: Novel ferrocenyl based carboranes (FcCBs) and their distinguish behavior for cancer cell recognition have been explored in this contribution. The voltammetric study in a droplet of 10 μL placed on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode demonstrates the excellent electrochemical behavior of FcCBs, which could be further exploited for establishing the promising and sensitive biosensors. The FcCBs’ redox behavior is examined in a wide pH range, and square wave voltammetry revealed the reversible and irreversible nature of first and second anodic peaks. The obvious shifts in peak potentials corresponding with the change of pH values demonstrate the abstraction of electrons to be accompanied with the transfer of protons. By using the droplet electrochemical technique, FcCBs can be employed to distinguish normal and cancer cells with a linear range from 1.0 × 10{sup 3} to 3.0 × 10{sup 4} cells mL{sup −1} and the limit of detection at 800 cells mL{sup −1}. The novel carborane derivatives could be utilized as important potential molecular probes for specific recognition of cancer cells like leukemia cells from normal cells.

  13. BA321, a novel carborane analog that binds to androgen and estrogen receptors, acts as a new selective androgen receptor modulator of bone in male mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Kenta; Hirata, Michiko; Tominari, Tsukasa; Matsumoto, Chiho; Endo, Yasuyuki; Murphy, Gillian; Nagase, Hideaki

    2016-01-01

    Carboranes are a class of carbon-containing polyhedral boron cluster compounds with globular geometry and hydrophobic surface that interact with hormone receptors such as estrogen receptor (ER) and androgen receptor (AR). We have synthesized BA321, a novel carborane compound, which binds to AR. We found here that it also binds to ERs, ERα and ERβ. In orchidectomized (ORX) mice, femoral bone mass was markedly reduced due to androgen deficiency and BA321 restored bone loss in the male, whilst the decreased weight of seminal vesicle in ORX mice was not recovered by administration of BA321. In female mice, BA321 acts as a pure estrogen agonist, and restored both the loss of bone mass and uterine atrophy due to estrogen deficiency in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In bone tissues, the trabecular bone loss occurred in both ORX and OVX mice, and BA321 completely restored the trabecular bone loss in both sexes. Cortical bone loss occurred in ORX mice but not in OVX mice, and BA321 clearly restored cortical bone loss due to androgen deficiency in ORX mice. Therefore, BA321 is a novel selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) that may offer a new therapy option for osteoporosis in the male. - Highlights: • A novel carborane compound BA321 binds to both AR and ERs, ERα and ERβ. • BA321 restores bone loss in orchidectomized mice without effects on sex organ. • BA321 acts as an estrogen agonist in bone and uterus in ovariectomized mice. • BA321 may be a new SARM to prevent the loss of musculoskeletal mass in elder men.

  14. BA321, a novel carborane analog that binds to androgen and estrogen receptors, acts as a new selective androgen receptor modulator of bone in male mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Kenta [Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Cooperative Major in Advanced Health Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Hirata, Michiko [Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Tominari, Tsukasa [Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Institute of Global Innovation Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Matsumoto, Chiho [Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Endo, Yasuyuki [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 4-4-1, Komatsushima, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 981-8558 (Japan); Murphy, Gillian [Department of Oncology, University of Cambridge, Cancer Research UK, Cambridge Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre, Cambridge, CB2 0RE (United Kingdom); Nagase, Hideaki [Institute of Global Innovation Research, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Nakamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7FY (United Kingdom); and others

    2016-09-09

    Carboranes are a class of carbon-containing polyhedral boron cluster compounds with globular geometry and hydrophobic surface that interact with hormone receptors such as estrogen receptor (ER) and androgen receptor (AR). We have synthesized BA321, a novel carborane compound, which binds to AR. We found here that it also binds to ERs, ERα and ERβ. In orchidectomized (ORX) mice, femoral bone mass was markedly reduced due to androgen deficiency and BA321 restored bone loss in the male, whilst the decreased weight of seminal vesicle in ORX mice was not recovered by administration of BA321. In female mice, BA321 acts as a pure estrogen agonist, and restored both the loss of bone mass and uterine atrophy due to estrogen deficiency in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In bone tissues, the trabecular bone loss occurred in both ORX and OVX mice, and BA321 completely restored the trabecular bone loss in both sexes. Cortical bone loss occurred in ORX mice but not in OVX mice, and BA321 clearly restored cortical bone loss due to androgen deficiency in ORX mice. Therefore, BA321 is a novel selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) that may offer a new therapy option for osteoporosis in the male. - Highlights: • A novel carborane compound BA321 binds to both AR and ERs, ERα and ERβ. • BA321 restores bone loss in orchidectomized mice without effects on sex organ. • BA321 acts as an estrogen agonist in bone and uterus in ovariectomized mice. • BA321 may be a new SARM to prevent the loss of musculoskeletal mass in elder men.

  15. Splitting of 9-iodo-1,7-carborane by potassium hydroxide in butanol with butoxy group substitution for iodine atom when formation of anions of 1-butoxy- and 5-butoxy-nido-7,9-dicarbaundecaborate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zakharkin, L.I.; Ol'shevskaya, V.A.; Guseva, V.V.; Panfilova, S.Yu.

    2000-01-01

    The 9-iodo-1,7-carborane by heating in the potassium hydroxide butanol solution is splitted into the stereoisomeric anions of the nido-7,9-dicarbaundecaborate substituting under the reaction conditions the butoxy-group for iodine atom with formation of anions of the 1-butoxy- and -butoxy-nido-7,9-dicarbaundecaborate [ru

  16. Synthesis and characterization of new fluorescent styrene-containing carborane derivatives: the singular quenching role of a phenyl substituent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer-Ugalde, Albert; Juárez-Pérez, Emilio José; Teixidor, Francesc; Viñas, Clara; Sillanpää, Reijo; Pérez-Inestrosa, Ezequiel; Núñez, Rosario

    2012-01-09

    A set of neutral and anionic carborane derivatives in which the styrenyl fragment is introduced as a fluorophore group has been successfully synthesized and characterized. The reaction of the monolithium salts of 1-Ph-1,2-C(2)B(10)H(11), 1-Me-1,2-C(2)B(10)H(11) and 1,2-C(2)B(10)H(12) with one equivalent of 4-vinylbenzyl chloride leads to the formation of compounds 1-3, whereas the reaction of the dilithium salt of 1,2-C(2)B(10)H(12) with two equivalents of 4-vinylbenzyl chloride gives disubstituted compound 4. The closo clusters were degraded using the classical method, KOH in EtOH, to afford the corresponding nido species, which were isolated as tetramethylammonium salts. The crystal structure of the four closo compounds 1-4 were analyzed by X-ray diffraction. All compounds, except 1, display emission properties, with quantum yields dependent on the nature of the cluster (closo or nido) and the substituent on the second C(cluster) atom. In general, closo compounds 2-4 exhibit high fluorescence emission, whereas the presence of a nido cluster produces a decrease of the emission intensity. The presence of a phenyl group bonded to the C(cluster) results in an excellent electron-acceptor unit that produces a quenching of the fluorescence. DFT calculations have confirmed the charge-separation state in 1 to explain the quenching of the fluorescence and the key role of the carboranyl fragment in this luminescent process. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  17. Luminescent properties and structure of multicomponent naphthalene-{beta}-cyclodextrin complexes. 1. Effect of adding third parties, o-carborane or/and adamantane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nazarov, Valery B. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Moscow region, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); Avakyan, Vitaly G., E-mail: avak@photonics.ru [Photochemistry Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119421 Moscow, Novatorov 7a (Russian Federation); Rudyak, Vladimir Y.; Alfimov, Michail V. [Photochemistry Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119421 Moscow, Novatorov 7a (Russian Federation); Vershinnikova, Tatiana G. [Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Moscow region, Chernogolovka (Russian Federation)

    2011-09-15

    Luminescence spectra of water solution of {beta}-cyclodextrin ({beta}-CD) inclusion complexes with naphthalene have been studied in the presence of carcass compounds (CC), adamantane and ocarborane, added in solution as the third parties. It was observed that the CC structure completely determines luminescence type displayed by the three-component complex. Adding adamantane to the solution leads to the disappearance of the spontaneous excimer fluorescence observed usually along with a monomer fluorescence of naphthalene and the appearance of the long lived phosphorescence at room temperature. At the same time, introducing o-carborane in solution of {beta}-CD inclusion complexes with naphthalene results in the dramatic growth of intensity of the excimer band at the expense of lowering intensity of monomer fluorescence. These phenomena were explained using results of the quantum-chemical calculation of the structure and complexation energies at the semi-empirical PM3 and DFT levels of theory. - Highlights: > Structure of carcass compounds determines luminescence types for naphthalene - betaCD complex. > Adding o-carborane leads to the growth of excimer fluorescence at low naphthalene concentrations. > Adding adamantane leads to the room temperature phosphorescence without deoxygenation.

  18. Exo-pi-bonding to an ortho-carborane hypercarbon atom: systematic icosahedral cage distortions reflected in the structures of the fluoro-, hydroxy- and amino-carboranes, 1-X-2-Ph-1,2-C2B10H10 (X=F, OH or NH2) and related anions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Lynn A; Clegg, William; Copley, Royston C B; Davidson, Matthew G; Fox, Mark A; Hibbert, Thomas G; Howard, Judith A K; Mackinnon, Angus; Peace, Richard J; Wade, Kenneth

    2004-09-07

    The structures of derivatives of phenyl-ortho-carborane bearing on the second cage hypercarbon atom a pi-donor substituent (F, OH, O-, NH2, NH- and CH2-) were investigated by NMR, X-ray crystallography and computational studies. The molecular structures of these compounds, notably their cage C1-C2 distances and the orientations of their pi-donor substituents (OH, NH2, NH- and CH2-) show remarkable and systematic variations with the degree of exo pi-bonding, which varies as expected with the pi-donor characteristics of the substituent.

  19. Exo-π-bonding to an ortho-carborane hypercarbon atom : systematic icosahedral cage distortions reflected in the structures of the fluoro-, hydroxy- and amino-carboranes, 1-X-2-Ph-1,2-C2B10H10 (X = F, OH or NH2) and related anions.

    OpenAIRE

    Boyd, L.A.; Clegg, W.; Copley, R.C.B.; Davidson, M.G.; Fox, M.A.; Hibbert, T.G.; Howard, J.A.K.; Mackinnon, A.; Peace, R.J.; Wade, K.

    2004-01-01

    The structures of derivatives of phenyl-ortho-carborane bearing on the second cage hypercarbon atom a pi-donor substituent (F, OH, O-, NH2, NH- and CH2-) were investigated by NMR, X-ray crystallography and computational studies. The molecular structures of these compounds, notably their cage C1-C2 distances and the orientations of their pi-donor substituents (OH, NH2, NH- and CH2-) show remarkable and systematic variations with the degree of exo pi-bonding, which varies as expected with the p...

  20. Simple formation of products of exo-nido→closo-regrouping during substitution of PPh3-ligands by bis(diphenyl phosphino)alkanes in three-bridging ruthena carborane 5,6,10-[RuCl(PPh3)2]-5,6,10-(μ-H)3-10-H-exo-nido-7,8-C2B9H8

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheredilin, D.N.; Balagurova, E.V.; Godovikov, I.A.; Solodovnikov, S.P.; Chizhevskij, I.T.

    2005-01-01

    It is established that the substitution of PPh 3 -ligands by diphosphines [Ph 2 P(CH 2 ) n PPh] (n=3, 4) in three-bridging exo-nido-ruthena carborane 5,6,10-[RuCl(PPh 3 ) 2 ]-5,6,10-(μ-H) 3 -10-H-exo-nido-7,8-C 2 B 9 H 8 (1) decreases temperature of exo-nido→closo-regrouping (22 Deg C). It is demonstrated that the exo-nido-ruthena carborane complex (1) is well suited and available as reagent for preparation of closo-ruthena carboranes with different chelate diphosphines. Formation of closo-products follows through the stage of exo-nido→closo-regrouping of diphosphine complexes with exo-nido-structure [ru

  1. Chemical Properties of Dialkyl Halonium Ions (R2Hal+) and Their Neutral Analogues, Methyl Carboranes, CH3-(CHB11Hal11), Where Hal = F, Cl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoyanov, Evgenii S

    2017-04-20

    Chloronium cations in their salts (C n H 2n+1 ) 2 Cl + {CHB 11 Cl 11 - }, with n = 1 to 3 and exceptionally stable carborane anions, are stable at ambient and elevated temperatures. The temperature at which they decompose to carbocations with HCl elimination (below 150 °C) decreases with the increasing n from 1 to 3 because of increasing ionicity of C-Cl bonds in the C-Cl + -C bridge. At room temperature, the salts of cations with n ≥ 4 [starting from t-Bu 2 Cl + or (cyclo-C 5 H 11 ) 2 Cl + ] are unstable and decompose. With decreasing chloronium ion stability, their ability to interact with chloroalkanes to form oligomeric cations increases. It was shown indirectly that unstable salt of fluoronium ions (CH 3 ) 2 F + (CHB 11 F 11 - ) must exist at low temperatures. The proposed (CH 3 ) 2 F + cation is much more reactive than the corresponding chloronium, showing at room temperature chemical properties expected of (CH 3 ) 2 Cl + at elevated temperatures.

  2. Nature of weak inter- and intramolecular interactions in crystals. Communication 5. Interactions Na...H-B in a crystal of sodium salt of charge compensated nido-carborane [9-SMe2-7,8-C2B9H10]-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lysenko, K.A.; Golovanov, D.G.; Meshcheryakov, V.I.; Kudinov, A.R.; Antipin, M.Yu.

    2005-01-01

    The character of electron density distribution in the C 2 B 3 open face, the influence of the SMe 2 group on the character of electron density distribution, and the nature of the sodium-anion interaction were studied based on the data of high-resolution X-ray diffraction study of crystals of the sodium salt of charge-compensated nido-carborane [9-SMe 2 -7,8- C 2 B 9 H 10 ] - and quantum-chemical calculations for the Na...H-B-bonded dimer, the isolated [9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 ] - anion, and the [7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 ] 2- dianion. The character of electron density distribution in the C 2 B 3 open face is analogous to the electron distribution in the cyclopentadienyl ligand. In nido-carborane, a substantial charge redistribution takes place compared to that observed in the closo analogs. The topological analysis of the electron density distribution function demonstrated that the cation-anion interactions are determined predominantly by Na...H-B contacts. The total energy of these contacts in the {[9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 ]Na(thf) 2 } 2 dimer estimated from X-ray diffraction data is 11.74 kcal mol -1 [ru

  3. Nido-Carborane building-block reagents. 2. Bulky-substituent (alkyl)2C2B4H6 derivatives and (C6H5)2C2B4H6: synthesis and properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyter, H.A. Jr.; Grimes, R.N.

    1988-01-01

    The preparation and chemistry of nido-2,3-R 2 C 2 C 2 B 4 H 6 carboranes in which R is n-butyl, isopentyl, n-hexyl, and phenyl was investigated in order to further assess the steric and electronic influence of the R groups on the properties of the nido-C 2 B 4 cage, especially with respect to metal complexation at the C 2 B 3 face and metal-promoted oxidative fusion. The three dialkyl derivatives were prepared from the corresponding dialkylacetylenes via reaction with B 5 H 9 and triethylamine, but the diphenyl compound could not be prepared in this manner and was obtained instead in a thermal reaction of B 5 H 9 with diphenylacetylene in the absence of amine. All four carboranes are readily bridge-deprotonated by NaH in THF, and the anions of the dialkyl species, on treatment with FeCl 2 and air oxidation, generate the respective R 4 C 4 B 8 H 8 carborane fusion products were R = n-C 4 H 9 , i-C 5 H 11 or n-C 6 H 13 . The diphenylcarborane anion Ph 2 C 2 B 4 H 5 - did not form detectable metal complexes with Fe 2+ , Co 2+ , or Ni 2+ , and no evidence of a Ph 4 C 4 B 8 H 8 fusion product has been found. Treatment of Ph 2 C 2 B 4 H 6 with Cr(CO) 6 did not lead to metal coordination of the phenyl rings, unlike (PhCH 2 ) 2 C 2 B 4 H 6 , which had previously been shown to form mono- and bis(tricarbonylchromium) complexes. However, the reaction of Ph 2 C 2 B 4 H 5 - , CoCl 2 , and (PhPCH 2 ) 2 did give 1,1-(Ph 2 PCH 2 ) 2 -1-Cl-1,2,3-Co(Ph 2 C 2 B 4 H 4 ), the only case in which metal complexation of the diphenylcarborane was observed. 14 references, 3 figures, 3 tables

  4. Carborane-containing metalloporphyrins for BNCT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miura, Michiko; Joel, D.D.; Nawrocky, M.M.; Micca, P.L.

    1996-01-01

    For BNCT of malignant brain tumors, it is crucial that there be relatively high boron concentrations in tumor compared with normal tissues within the neutron-irradiated treatment volume. Fairchild and Bond estimated that major advances in BNCT should be possible if ratios of 10 B concentrations in tumor to those in normal tissue (e.g. brain and blood) were at least 5: 1. Given that the only current boron carrier being tested clinically in the U.S., p-boronophenyl-alanine[BPA], yields tumor blood and tumor brain ratios of about 3:1, the criteria for new boronated compounds should be to at least match these ratios and maintain tumor boron concentrations greater than 30 μg B/g. Although previously tested boronated porphyrins have not only matched but surpassed these ratios, it was at a cost of greater toxicity. Chemical and hematological assays of blood analytes; showed marked thrombocytopenia, a decrease to about one-tenth the normal concentration of platelets circulating in the blood, in addition to abnormalities in concentrations of circulating enzymes, that indicated liver toxicity. The physical appearance and behavior of the affected mice were different from those of mice injected with solvent only. Although thrombocytopenia and other toxic effects had disappeared after a few days, previously tested porphyrins would not be safe to infuse into patients for BNCT of potentially hemorrhagic malignant tumors in the brain such as glioblastoma multiforme and metastatic melanoma. We synthesized a different boronated porphyrin, tetracarboranylphenylporphyrin, [TCP] and inserted nickel, copper, or manganese into its coordination center. Biological studies of NiTCP in mice and of CuTCP in rats show that these compounds elicit little or no toxicity when given at potentially therapeutic doses

  5. Carborane-containing metalloporphyrins for BNCT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miura, Michiko; Joel, D.D.; Nawrocky, M.M.; Micca, P.L. [and others

    1996-12-31

    For BNCT of malignant brain tumors, it is crucial that there be relatively high boron concentrations in tumor compared with normal tissues within the neutron-irradiated treatment volume. Fairchild and Bond estimated that major advances in BNCT should be possible if ratios of {sup 10}B concentrations in tumor to those in normal tissue (e.g. brain and blood) were at least 5: 1. Given that the only current boron carrier being tested clinically in the U.S., p-boronophenyl-alanine[BPA], yields tumor blood and tumor brain ratios of about 3:1, the criteria for new boronated compounds should be to at least match these ratios and maintain tumor boron concentrations greater than 30 {mu}g B/g. Although previously tested boronated porphyrins have not only matched but surpassed these ratios, it was at a cost of greater toxicity. Chemical and hematological assays of blood analytes; showed marked thrombocytopenia, a decrease to about one-tenth the normal concentration of platelets circulating in the blood, in addition to abnormalities in concentrations of circulating enzymes, that indicated liver toxicity. The physical appearance and behavior of the affected mice were different from those of mice injected with solvent only. Although thrombocytopenia and other toxic effects had disappeared after a few days, previously tested porphyrins would not be safe to infuse into patients for BNCT of potentially hemorrhagic malignant tumors in the brain such as glioblastoma multiforme and metastatic melanoma. We synthesized a different boronated porphyrin, tetracarboranylphenylporphyrin, [TCP] and inserted nickel, copper, or manganese into its coordination center. Biological studies of NiTCP in mice and of CuTCP in rats show that these compounds elicit little or no toxicity when given at potentially therapeutic doses.

  6. The Synthesis of Carborane-Oxetane Monomers and their Polymerization

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-11

    polyether glycol was liter demonstrated.’ During this time, " modified cationic polymerization technique was developef’, which allowed the synthesis of...Migration of these chemicals in the propellant grain is a continuous and serious problem. We proposed that a urethane curable polyether glycol with a...Br CH3 g 3 Cl CH3 This scheme has the advantage that the leaving group is not on the oxetane. Oxetane is a neopentyl type system which is typically

  7. Thermal isomerization of regiospecifically 10B-labeled icosahedral carboranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Edvenson, G.M.; Gaines, D.F.

    1990-01-01

    Thermal treatment of regiospecifically 10 B-enriched (96%) 3-( 10 B)-1,2-C 2 n B 9 H 12 and 2-( 10 B)-1,7-C 2 n B 9 H 12 ( n B = boron with normal isotopic abundances) followed by 10 B and 11 B NMR analysis reveal that (1) 3-( 10 B)-1,2-C 2 n B 9 H 12 undergoes rearrangements that completely scramble the enriched boron atom, (2) these rearrangements occur at a rate faster than the conversion of 1,2-C 2 B 10 H 12 to 1,7-C 2 B 10 H 12 , (3) the 1,7-C 2 B 10 H 12 that is formed does not re-form 1,2-C 2 B 10 H 12 at a detectable rate, and (4) at temperatures at which 1,2-C 2 B 10 H 12 forms 1,7-C 2 B 10 H 12 at a significant rate, the latter undergoes no further rearrangements. The movement of 10 B at 350 degree C in 1,2-C 2 B 10 H 12 is compared to the movement predicted by various isomerization mechanisms. The mechanism that appears to give the closest agreement involves a 12-vertex nido intermediate. It was found that a number of previously considered mechanisms, including simple exchange between two boron sites, triangular face rotation in an icosahedron, diamond-square-diamond twist, and rotation of pentagonal pyramids, are extensions of the nido intermediate mechanism. The synthesis and thermal rearrangement of 3-F-3-( 10 B)-1,2-C 2 n B 9 H 11 demonstrate that independent intramolecular fluorine migration does not occur during rearrangement. 27 refs., 7 figs

  8. Permethylated 12-Vertex p-Carborane Self-Assembled Monolayers

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Scholz, F.; Nothofer, H. G.; Wessels, J. M.; Nelles, G.; Wrochem von, F.; Roy, S.; Chen, X.; Michl, Josef

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 115, č. 46 (2011), s. 22998-23007 ISSN 1932-7447 Grant - others:National Science Foundation(US) CHE-0848477 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : p-carbone * monolayer * scanning tunneling microscopy * ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy * X-ray photoelectron Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.805, year: 2011

  9. p-Carborane Conjugation in Radical Anions of Cage-Cage and Cage-Phenyl Compounds

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cook, A. R.; Valášek, Michal; Funston, A. M.; Poliakov, P.; Michl, Josef; Miller, J. R.

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 122, č. 3 (2018), s. 798-810 ISSN 1089-5639 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : mixed valence molecules * electron transfer * aromatic hydrocarbons Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry OBOR OECD: Physical chemistry Impact factor: 2.847, year: 2016

  10. Synthesis of carboranes containing azulene framework and in vitro evaluation as boron carriers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakamura, Hiroyuki; Sekido, Masaru; Yamamoto, Yoshinori

    1998-01-01

    3-(o-Carboranylhydroxymethyl)-7-isopropylazulene sodium carboxylate 1 and 3-(o-carboranylmethyl)-7-isopropylazulene sodium sulfonate 2 were synthesized from the palladium catalyzed addition reaction of 1-carboranyltributylstannane 4 to azulene-aldehydes (3 and 9). Although the water solubility of 1 was of the order of 10 -6 M, that of 2 was of the order of 10 -3 M and was enough for clinical use. The cytotoxicity of 1 (IC 50 ) toward B-16 melanoma cells was of the order of 10 -5 M, whereas that of 2 was of the order of 10 -4 M. This value was close to that of BPA (∼9 x 10 -3 M) which is utilized for clinical use. The boron uptake by B-16 cells was 0.17 μgB/10 6 cells for 1 and 0.25 μgB/10 6 cells for 2. It is clear that compound 2 is accumulated into B-16 melanoma cells with significantly high level although it is highly water soluble and its cytotoxicity is significantly low. (author)

  11. Anomalous behavior of the structural relaxation dispersion function of a carborane-containing siloxane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pawlus, Sebastian; Paluch, Marian; Ziolo, Jerzy [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, Katowice 40-007 (Poland); Kolel-Veetil, Manoj K [Chemistry Division, Code 6127, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5342 (United States)

    2010-10-20

    Broadband dielectric spectroscopic investigations of a vinyl-terminated carboranylenesiloxane, VCS, were performed at ambient and elevated pressures. At a constant structural relaxation time, results show that the structural relaxation dispersion function of VCS narrows with both increasing pressure and temperature. This narrowing is substantial in the case of pressurization and, consequently, the breakdown of the temperature-pressure superposition rule is observed. The interpretation of this breakdown is presented.

  12. 10-Vertex closo-carborane: a unique ligand platform for porous coordination polymers

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Boldog, Ishtvan; Bereciartua, P.J.; Bulánek, R.; Kučeráková, Monika; Tomandlová, Markéta; Dušek, Michal; Macháček, Jan; De Vos, D.; Baše, Tomáš

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 12 (2016), s. 2036-2040 ISSN 1466-8033 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-12653S; GA ČR(CZ) GA14-03276S; GA MŠk LO1603 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) CZ.2.16/3.1.00/24510 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 ; RVO:68378271 Keywords : Metal-organic frameworks * Surface-areas * Pore-size * Methane Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry; BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism (FZU-D) Impact factor: 3.474, year: 2016

  13. Synthesis of substituted 1-metallyl derivatives of o- and m-carboranes and some their transformations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kovredov, A.I.; Shemyakin, N.F.; Zakharkin, L.I.

    1985-01-01

    Synthesis of 1-metallyl substituted o- and m- carbonates is carried out, and alkylation of benzene by them is investigated. Synthesis with 30-95% yield has been carried out by the reaction of lithium derivatives with metallylchloride in the ester-benzene solution. The reaction of benzene alkylation is studied in the presence of aluminium chloride and H 2 SO 4 . Reaction mechanisms are considered

  14. Synthesis, reactivity and complexation studies of N,S exo-heterodisubstituted o-carborane ligands. Carborane as a platform to produce the uncommon bidentate chelating (pyridine)N-C-C-C-S(H) motif

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Teixidor, F.; Laromaine, A.; Kivekäs, R.; Sillanpää, R.; Viňas, C.; Vespalec, Radim; Horáková, Hana

    -, č. 3 (2008), s. 345-354 ISSN 1477-9226 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA400310613; GA AV ČR KJB400310705 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40310501 Keywords : boron cluster compound * transition metal * chirality Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry, Separation Impact factor: 3.580, year: 2008

  15. Sandwich iridium complexes with the monoanionic carborane ligand [9-SMe2-7,8-C2B9H10]-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loginov, D.A.; Vinogradov, M.M.; Perekalin, D.S.; Starikova, Z.A.; Lysenko, K.A.; Petrovskij, P.V.; Kudinov, A.R.

    2006-01-01

    The reaction of the [(η-9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 )IrBr 2 ] 2 complex with Tl[Tl(η-7,8-C 2 B 9 H 11 )] afforded the iridacarborane compound (η-9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 )Ir(η-7,8-C 2 B 9 H 11 ). The cationic complex [Cp*Ir(η-9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 )] + PF 6 - (Cp* is pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) was synthesized by the reaction of [Cp*IrCl 2 ] 2 with Na[9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 ]. The structures of (η-9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 )Ir(η-cod) (cod is 1,5-cyclooctadiene) and [Cp*Ir(η-9-SMe 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 ]PF 6 were established by X-ray diffraction [ru

  16. Friction in Carborane-Based Molecular Rotors Driven by Gas Flow or Electric Field: Classical Molecular Dynamics

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prokop, Alexandr; Vacek, Jaroslav; Michl, Josef

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 3 (2012), s. 1901-1914 ISSN 1936-0851 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/09/1802; GA MŠk ME09020 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : molecular rotors * molecular dynamics * potential energy barriers * friction * intramolecular vibrational redistribution Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 12.062, year: 2012

  17. Direct astatination of a tumour-binding protein, human epidermal growth factor, using nido-carborane as a prosthetic group

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sjostrom, A.; Tolmachev, V.; Lebeda, Ondřej; Koziorowski, J.; Carlsson, J.; Lundqvist, H.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 256, č. 7 (2003), s. 191-197 ISSN 0236-5731 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK4055109 Keywords : neutron-capture therapy * astatine-211 Subject RIV: CH - Nuclear ; Quantum Chemistry Impact factor: 0.472, year: 2003

  18. Preparation of new boron compounds with potential for application in 10B NCT: Derivatives of monocarbon carboranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morris, J.H.; Khan, S.A.; Mair, F.; Peters, G.

    1992-01-01

    In order to extend the range and versatility of boron clusters appropriate to NCT the authors have studied routes to derivatives of the anions 1-carba-closo-dodecahydrododecaborate-1, [CB 11 H 12 ] - , (1), and its synthetic precursor, 7-carba-nido-tridecahydroundecaborate-1, [CB 10 H 13 ] - , (2). Substitution chemistry of closo-[CB 11 H 12 ] - and its derivatives had been examined previously primarily with respect to substituents at the C-atom. The different isomeric sites of boron substitution, which have been much less studied, offer potential scope for subtle modification of properties of the substituted species. They have sought to prepare thiol substituted derivatives analogous to the widely studied species [B 12 H 11 SH] 2- . The preliminary experiments to introduce the thiol substituent by routes analogous to those for the preparation of [B 12 H 11 SH] 2- or 1- and 2-[B 10 H 9 SH] 2- were unsuccessful. Therefore they considered routes involving prior substitution of either the precursor nido-[CB 10 H 13 ] - and its derivatives, or the monoboron species used for boron insertion

  19. Transferrin-loaded nido-carborane liposomes. Synthesis and intracellular targeting to solid tumors for boron neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakamura, Hiroyuki; Miyajima, Yusuke; Kuwata, Yasuhiro; Maruyama, Kazuo; Masunaga, Shinichiro; Ono, Koji

    2006-01-01

    The boron ion cluster lipids, as a double-tailed boron lipid synthesized from heptadecanol, formed stable liposomes at 25% molar ratio toward DSPC with cholesterol. Transferrin was able to be introduced on the surface of boron liposomes (Tf-PEG-CL liposomes) by the coupling of transferrin to the PEG-CO 2 H moieties of PEG-CL liposomes. The biodistribution of Tf-PEG-CL liposomes showed that Tf-PEG-CL liposomes accumulated in tumor tissues and stayed there for a sufficiently long time to increase tumor:blood concentration ratio. A 10 B concentration of 22 ppm in tumor tissues was achieved by the injection of Tf-PEG-CL liposome at 7.2 mg/kg body weight 10 B in tumor-bearing mice. After neutron irradiation, the average survival rate of mice not treated with Tf-PEG-CL liposomes was 21 days, whereas that of the treated mice was 31 days. Longer survival rates were observed in the mice treated with Tf-PEG-CL liposomes; one of them even survived for 52 days after BNCT. (author)

  20. Radiation chemistry of plastic crystals. Annual progress report, November 1, 1975--October 31, 1976

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klingen, T.J.

    1976-01-01

    Results of research on synthesis and plastic crystallinity of adamantane derivatives are presented. Results of electo-optical studies are included along with results of 1-phenyl-o-carborane radiolysis, co-polymerization of o-carborane, and 1-vinyl-o-carborane

  1. Carborane-based carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: insight into CAII/CAIX specificity from a high-resolution crystal structure, modeling, and quantum chemical calculations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mader, Pavel; Pecina, Adam; Cígler, Petr; Lepšík, Martin; Šícha, Václav; Hobza, Pavel; Grüner, Bohumír; Fanfrlík, Jindřich; Brynda, Jiří; Řezáčová, Pavlína

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 2014, Sept 18 (2014), 389869/1-389869/9 ISSN 2314-6133 R&D Projects: GA TA ČR(CZ) TE01020028; GA ČR GBP208/12/G016 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 ; RVO:68378050 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : Drug design * Identification * Accuracy Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 1.579, year: 2014

  2. Pairing Heterocyclic Cations with closo-Icosahedral Borane and Carborane Anions, II: Benchtop Alternative Synthetic Methodologies for Binary Triazolium and Tetrazolium Salts with Significant Water Solubility (POSTPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    in the stirbar=recovery flask apparatus, a proton NMR ( dimethylsulfoxide , DMSO -d6, solvent ) performed on the residue indicated essentially complete...of KX by-product that a given dry volume of silica gel might have retained using a reasonable volume of eluting solvent . For KCl, 0.4473 g (6.0mmol...collected after solvent removal. Scheme 2. Formation of the mixed mono-K=triazolium borane salt. WATER-SOLUBLE HETEROCYCLIUM BORANE-BASED SALTS 157 In this

  3. Molecular Rods Combining o-Carborane and Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane Cages: An Insertion of the Triple Bond Located Next to a Highly Strained Cage

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaleta, Jiří; Janoušek, Zbyněk; Nečas, M.; Mazal, C.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 34, č. 5 (2015), s. 967-972 ISSN 0276-7333 Grant - others:GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0068 Program:ED Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : dehydrogenative alkyne-insertion * dicobalt octacarbonyl * polyborane reactions Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.186, year: 2015

  4. QM/MM Calculations Reveal the Different Nature of the Interaction of Two Carborane-Based Sulfamide Inhibitors of Human Carbonic Anhydrase II

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pecina, Adam; Lepšík, Martin; Řezáč, Jan; Brynda, Jiří; Mader, Pavel; Řezáčová, Pavlína; Hobza, Pavel; Fanfrlík, Jindřich

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 117, č. 50 (2013), s. 16096-16104 ISSN 1520-6106 R&D Projects: GA ČR GBP208/12/G016 Grant - others:Operational Program Research and Development for Innovations(XE) CZ 1.05/2.1.00/03/0058 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 ; RVO:68378050 Keywords : neutron-capture therapy * dodecaborate cluster lipids * boron clusters Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry ; EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology (UMG-J) Impact factor: 3.377, year: 2013

  5. Preparation, radioiodination and in vitro evaluation of a nido-carborane-dextran conjugate, a potential residualizing label for tumor targeting proteins and peptides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tolmachev, V.; Bruskin, A.; Uppsala University; Sjoeberg, S.; Carlsson, J.; Lundqvist, H.

    2004-01-01

    Polysaccharides are not degradable by proteolytic enzymes in lysosomes and do not diffuse through cellular membranes. Thus, attached to an internalizing, targeting protein, such polysaccharide linkers, will remain intracellularly after protein degradation. They can be labeled with halogens and provide then a so called residualizing label. Such an approach improves tumor-to-non-tumor radioactivity ratio and, consequently, the results of radionuclide diagnostics and therapy. A new approach to obtain a stable halogenation of the polysaccharide dextran using 7-(3-amino-propyl)-7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborate (-) (ANC) is presented. Dextran T10 was partially oxidized by metaperiodate, and ANC was coupled to dextran by reductive amination. The conjugate was then labeled with 125 I using either Chloramine-T or IodoGen as oxidants. Labeling efficiency was 69-85%. Stability of the label was evaluated in rat liver homogenates. Under these conditions, the ANC-dextran conjugate was found to be more stable than labeled albumin, which was used as a control protein. (author)

  6. On the electronic structure of a dianion, a radical anion, and a neutral biradical (HB)11C-C­=C-C(BH)11 carborane dimer

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Oliva, J. M.; Serrano-Andrés, L.; Havlas, Zdeněk; Michl, Josef

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 912, 1/3 (2009), s. 13-20 ISSN 0166-1280 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA400550708 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : (Bi)radical * DFT * CASPT2 * molecular architecture * triplet Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 1.216, year: 2009

  7. Chemistry and technology of boron and its compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhigach, A.F.; Parfenov, B.P.; Svitsyn, R.A.

    1995-01-01

    The results of research dealing with development of technologies of boron trichloride, boron hydride, aminoderivative boron hydrides, metal borohydrides, carboranes, carborane-containing polymers, carried out at the institute of organoelemental compounds, are presented. Physicochemical properties of the compounds have been studied and analytical methods have been developed. Data on toxicity and fire hazard of boron compounds are provided

  8. Click Dehydrogenation of Carbon-Substituted nido-5,6-C2B8H12 Carboranes: A General Route to closo-1,2-C2B8H10 Derivatives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tok, Oleg L.; Bakardjiev, Mario; Štíbr, Bohumil; Hnyk, Drahomír; Holub, Josef; Padělková, Z.; Růžička, A.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 17 (2016), s. 8839-8843 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01618S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy * structural-characterization * monocarbaborane chemistry Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  9. Synthesis and cytotoxicity of boronated fatty esters for BNCT of cervix cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tambunchong, C.; Prachayasittikul, S.; Picha, P.; Tumpum, C.

    2000-01-01

    Esterification reactions of o-carboranic acid with six fatty alcohols, palmitoleyl, stearyl, oleyl, elaidyl, linoleyl and linoelaidyl alcohols, proceeded smoothly under nitrogen atmosphere with dimethylamino pyrimidine as a catalyst. The reaction gave the corresponding esters in moderate yields. Most of the synthetic esters are stable at room temperature except the linoleyl carboranate and linoelaidyl carboranate which decomposed within two weeks. The in vitro studies on Hela cells showed relatively low cytotoxic. The IC 50 of boronated esters were in range of 36-83 micrograms/cm 3 . (author)

  10. Modulární laboratorní fluorová linka v ÚOCHB AV ČR

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valášek, Michal; Šembera, Filip; Janoušek, Zbyněk; Michl, Josef

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 108, č. 4 (2014), s. 394-397 ISSN 0009-2770 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : carboranes * fluorine * hydrogen fluoride Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.272, year: 2014

  11. 15th International Conference on Boron Chemistry (IMEBORON XV)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Štíbr, Bohumil

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 87, č. 2 (2015), s. 121 ISSN 0033-4545 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : boranes * boron * boron materials * carboranes * IMEBORON XV * medicinal chemistry Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry

  12. Evidence for an Intermediate in the Methylation of CB11H12- with Methyl Triflate: Comparison of Electrophilic Substitution in Cage Boranes and in Arenes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaleta, Jiří; Akdag, Akin; Crespo, R.; Piqueras, M. C.; Michl, Josef

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 78, č. 9 (2013), s. 1174-1183 ISSN 2192-6506 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : alkylation * boranes * carboranes * electrophilic substitution * hydrogen scrambling Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.242, year: 2013

  13. Boron ion beam production with the supernanogan ECR ion source for the CERN BIO-LEIR facility

    CERN Document Server

    Stafford-Haworth, J; Scrivens, R; Toivanen, V; Röhrich, J

    2014-01-01

    To deliver B3+ ions for medical research the compounds decaborane and m-carborane were tested using the metal ions from volatile compounds (MIVOC) method with the Supernanogan 14.5 GHz ECR ion source. Using decaborane the source delivered less than 10 A intensity of B3+ and after operation large deposits of material were found inside the source. Using m-carborane 50 A of B3+ were delivered without support gas. For m-carborane, helium and oxygen support gasses were also tested, and the effects of different source tuning parameters are discussed. The average consumption of m-carborane was 0:1 mg/Ah over all operation.

  14. Synthesis of carboranyl amino acids, hydantoins, and barbiturates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wyzlic, I.M.; Tjarks, W.; Soloway, A.H.

    1996-01-01

    The syntheses of three novel boronated hydantoins, 5-(o-carboran-1-ylmethyl)hydantoin, 14, the tetraphenylphosphonium salt of 7-(hydantoin-5-ylmethyl)dodecahydro-7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborate, 15, 5-(o-carboran-1-ylmethyl)-2-thiohydantoin, 16, and two new barbiturates, 5,5-bis(but-2-ynyl)barbiturate, 18, and 5,5-bis[(2-methyl-0-carboran-1-yl)methyl]barbiturate, 20, are described. Hydantoins 14-16 were synthesized from o-carboranylalanine (Car, 13). The detailed synthesis of Car and two other carborane-containing amino acids, O-(o-carboran-1-ylmethyl)tyrosine (CBT, 5a) and p-(o-carboran-1-yl)phenylalanine (CBPA, 5b), presented earlier as a communication, 16 are also described. Hydantoin 14 and barbiturates 18 and 20 were tested for their potential anticonvulsant activity. Initial qualitative screening showed moderate activities for hydantoin 14 and barbiturate 18. Barbiturate 20 had no activity. Compound 14 appeared to be nontoxic at doses of 300 mg/kg (mice, ip) and 50 mg/kg (rats, oral). However, 18 was very toxic under similar conditions

  15. Thermal isomerizations of monothiolated carboranes (HS)C2B10H11 and the solidstate investigation of 9-(HS)-1,2-C2B10H11 and 9-(HS)-1,7-C2B10H11

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Baše, Tomáš; Macháček, Jan; Hájková, Zuzana; Langecker, Jens; Kennedy, John David; Carr, MJ.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 798, č. 1 (2015), s. 132-140 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP205/10/0348 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Carboranethiol * Isomerisation * Thermal Stability * Closo-dicarbadodecaboranes * Closo-dicarbadodecaborane thiol Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.336, year: 2015

  16. Systematic method for the incorporation of the {(eta(6)-arene)Fe} fragment into carborane cages via [(eta(6)-arene)Fe](2+) dications. A series of [3-(eta(6)-arene)-closo-3,1,2-FeC2B9H11] complexes. Reliable synthesis of polymethylated [(eta(6)-arene)(2)Fe](2+) cations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štíbr, Bohumil; Bakardjiev, Mario; Holub, Josef; Růžička, A.; Kvíčalová, Magdalena

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 48, č. 23 (2009), s. 10904-10906 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : organotransition-metal matallacarborane * magnetic-resonance spectroscopy * iron complexes Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.657, year: 2009

  17. Crystal structure of 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium dicarba-7,8-nido-undecaborate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Klemes

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the title molecular salt, C9H17N2+·C2H12B9−, the carborane cage has a bridging B—H—B bond on the open B3C2 face. The butyl side chain of the cation adopts an extended conformation [C—C—C—C = 179.6 (1°]. In the crystal, the imidazolium ring is almost coplanar with the open face of the carborane anion. The cations stack in the [010] direction and the dihedral angle between the imidazolium rings of adjacent cations is 68.45 (6°. The butyl chains extend into the space between carborane anions.

  18. Preparation and evaluation of unilamellar liposomes incorporating boron-containing derivatives of cholesterol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feakes, D.A.; Tate, C.C.; Stefanutti, S.J.

    2000-01-01

    The application of boron neutron capture therapy is dependent on the identification and preparation of boron-containing compounds that can be delivered and retained by the tumor cells. Unilamellar liposomes have been investigated as potential tumor-specific delivery vehicles for boron-containing compounds that have no inherent tumor specificity. A series of carborane-containing derivatives of cholesterol have been prepared and incorporated into the bilayer of unilamellar liposomes. The cholesterol derivatives vary in the linker moiety (ester and ether), the chain length between the cholesterol and the carborane substituent, and the identity of the carborane group itself (closo- and nido-). The ability of the boron-containing derivatives of cholesterol to be incorporated into the bilayer of the unilamellar liposomes and the stability of the resulting liposome formulations will be presented. (author)

  19. Novel high explosive compositions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, D.D.; Fein, M.M.; Schoenfelder, C.W.

    1968-04-16

    This is a technique of preparing explosive compositions by the in-situ reaction of polynitroaliphatic compounds with one or more carboranes or carborane derivatives. One or more polynitroaliphatic reactants are combined with one or more carborane reactants in a suitable container and mixed to a homogeneous reaction mixture using a stream of inert gas or conventional mixing means. Ordinarily the container is a fissure, crack, or crevice in which the explosive is to be implanted. The ratio of reactants will determine not only the stoichiometry of the system, but will effect the quality and quantity of combustion products, the explosive force obtained as well as the impact sensitivity. The test values can shift with even relatively slight changes or modifications in the reaction conditions. Eighteen illustrative examples accompany the disclosure. (46 claims)

  20. C,C'-bis(benzodiazaborolyl)dicarba-closo-dodecaboranes: synthesis, structures, photophysics and electrochemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Lothar; Kahlert, Jan; Brockhinke, Regina; Böhling, Lena; Halama, Johannes; Brockhinke, Andreas; Stammler, Hans-Georg; Neumann, Beate; Nervi, Carlo; Harder, Rachel A; Fox, Mark A

    2013-08-14

    Six new C,C'-bis(benzodiazaborolyl)dicarba-closo-dodecaboranes, 1,A-R2-1,A-C2B10H10, where R represents the group 2-(1,3-Et2-1,3,2-N2BC6H4) or 2-(1,3-Ph2-1,3,2-N2BC6H4) and A is 2, 7 or 12, were synthesized from o-, m-, and p-dicarbadodecaboranes (carboranes) by lithiation and subsequent treatment with the respective 2-bromo-1,3,2-benzodiazaboroles. UV-visible and fluorescence spectra of all carboranes display low energy charge transfer emissions. While such emissions with Stokes shifts between 17,330 and 21,290 cm(-1) are typical for C,C'-bis(aryl)-ortho-carboranes, the observed low-energy emissions with Stokes shifts between 8320 and 15,170 cm(-1) for the meta- and para-isomers are unusual as high-energy emissions are typical for meta- and para-dicarbadodecaboranes. Fluorescence quantum yields (φF) for the novel 1,7- and 1,12-bis(benzodiazaborolyl)-carboranes depend on the substituents at the nitrogen atoms of the heterocycle. Thus, the para-carborane with N-ethyl substituents 1,12-(1',3'-Et2-1',3',2'-N2BC6H4)2-1,12-C2B10H10 has a φF value of 41% in cyclohexane solution and only of 9% in the solid state, whereas the analogous 1,12-(1',3'-Ph2-1',3',2'-N2BC6H4)2-1,12-C2B10H10 shows quantum yields of 3% in cyclohexane solution and 72% in the solid state. X-ray crystallographic, computational and cyclic voltammetry studies for these carboranes are also presented.

  1. Hormone receptor densities in relation to 10B neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hechter, O.; Schwartz, I.L.

    1982-01-01

    This presentation is a theoretical discussion of the possibility that appropriate steroid-carborane derivatives might be used to selectively deliver boron-10 ( 10 B) to tumor cells with sex-hormone receptors in sufficient concentration for effective neutron capture theory (NCT) of hormone-dependent mammary and prostatic cancer. The results indicate the concentrations of androgen receptors (AR) and progesterone receptors (PR) in malignant prostatic cells or of estrogen receptors (ER) in malignant mammary cells are two low to achieve nuclear 10 B concentrations of 1 + g per g of tumor by using a steroid ligand coupled to a single carborane cage

  2. Carboranylporphyrins and uses thereof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miura, Michiko; Renner, Mark W

    2012-10-16

    The present invention is directed to low toxicity boronated compounds and methods for their use in the treatment, visualization, and diagnosis of tumors. More specifically, the present invention is directed to low toxicity carborane-containing porphyrin compounds with halide, amine, or nitro groups and methods for their use particularly in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), X-ray radiation therapy (XRT), and photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of tumors of the brain, head and neck, and surrounding tissue. The invention is also directed to using these carborane-containing porphyrin compounds in methods of tumor imaging and/or diagnosis such as MRI, SPECT, or PET.

  3. Symmetric and asymmetric halogen-containing metallocarboranylporphyrins and uses thereof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miura, Michiko; Wu, Haitao

    2013-05-21

    The present invention is directed to low toxicity boronated compounds and methods for their use in the treatment, visualization, and diagnosis of tumors. More specifically, the present invention is directed to low toxicity halogenated, carborane-containing 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin compounds and methods for their use particularly in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of tumors of the brain, head and neck, and surrounding tissue. The invention is also directed to using these halogenated, carborane-containing tetraphenylporphyrin compounds in methods of tumor imaging and/or diagnosis such as MRI, SPECT, or PET.

  4. Carbonylporphyrins and uses thereof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miura, Michiko; Renner, Mark W

    2014-03-18

    The present invention is directed to low toxicity boronated compounds and methods for their use in the treatment, visualization, and diagnosis of tumors. More specifically, the present invention is directed to low toxicity carborane-containing porphyrin compounds with halide, amine, or nitro groups and methods for their use particularly in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), X-ray radiation therapy (XRT), and photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of tumors of the brain, head and neck, and surrounding tissue. The invention is also directed to using these carborane-containing porphyrin compounds in methods of tumor imaging and/or diagnosis such as MRI, SPECT, or PET.

  5. Polyhedral Boranes: A Versatile Building Block for Nanoporous Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clingerman, Daniel Jon

    The studies described in this dissertation examine several new concepts related to polyhedral boranes and their applications towards the synthesis of novel nanoporous materials. The unique thermal and chemical robustness, rigidity, quasi-spherical geometry, and high boron content of polyhedral boranes are explored to generate materials not possible with typical organic synthons. Aside from the fundamental synthetic work, this work was also aimed at solving larger global issues such as energy storage and new routes to therapeutics. Chapter 2 highlights the discovery of the first highly porous carborane-based metal-organic framework, where the spherical nature of the carborane increases volumetric surface area without reducing pore volume. Chapter 3 examines the first tritopic carborane-based ligand and the stabilizing effect the rigid, sterically bulky carboranyl groups have on highly porous topologies not stable with typical organic ligands. Chapters 4 and 5 describe the use of polyhedral borane-based ligands as a means to influence and generate unexpected topologies. Lastly, chapter 6 explores using a simple carborane-based ligand that harnesses the power of coordination-driven assembly to rapidly generate a high boron-containing supramolecular cuboctahedron.

  6. The synthesis of 10-halo-substituted derivatives of nido-7,8,9-PC2B8H11 and [nido-7,8,9-PC2B8H10]- and new linear correlations between NMR parameters

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Holub, Josef; Bakardjiev, Mario; Štíbr, Bohumil

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 70, č. 11 (2005), s. 1861-1872 ISSN 0010-0765 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC523 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : boron * carboranes * borane cluster Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.949, year: 2005

  7. Acid-Base Control of Valency within Carboranedithiol Self-Assembled Monolayers: Molecules Do the Can-Can

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Thomas, J. C.; Goronzy, D. P.; Serino, A. C.; Auluck, H. S.; Irving, O. R.; Jimenez-Izal, E.; Deirmenjian, J. M.; Macháček, Jan; Sautet, P.; Alexandrova, A. N.; Baše, Tomáš; Weiss, P. S.

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 12, č. 3 (2018), s. 2211-2221 ISSN 1936-0851 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : carborane * dipoles * molecular switch * nanoscience Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 13.942, year: 2016

  8. 77 FR 25944 - Amendment to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Revision of U.S. Munitions List...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-02

    ... that are more positive, but not yet tiered. Specifically, based in part on a review of the comments... 25243-36-1); (37) Energetic ionic materials melting between 70 and 100 degrees C and with detonation...-21-6); (2) Carboranes; decaborane (CAS 17702-41-9); pentaborane and derivatives thereof; (3) Liquid...

  9. A novel stibacarbaborane cluster with adjacent antimony atoms exhibiting unique pnictogen bond formation that dominates its crystal packing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Holub, Josef; Melichar, Petr; Růžičková, Z.; Vrána, J.; Wann, D. A.; Fanfrlík, Jindřich; Hnyk, Drahomír; Růžička, A.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 40 (2017), s. 13714-13719 ISSN 1477-9226 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA17-08045S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : adjusted pseudopotentials * derivates * halogen * carboranes * chalcogen Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 4.029, year: 2016

  10. The Zwitterion [8,8′-μ-CH2O(CH3)-(1,2-C2B9H10)2-3,3′-Co]0 as a Versatile Building Block To Introduce Cobalt Bis(Dicarbollide) Ion into Organic Molecules

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Plešek, Jaromír; Grüner, Bohumír; Šícha, Václav; Böhmer, V.; Císařová, I.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 31, č. 5 (2012), s. 1703-1715 ISSN 0276-7333 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523; GA AV ČR IAAX00320901 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : boranes * carboranes * dicarbollides * X-ray diffraction * NMR Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.145, year: 2012

  11. Anionic tert-butyl-calix[4]arenes substituted at the narrow and wide rim by cobalt bis(dicarbollide)(1-) ions and CMPO-groups. Effect of stereochemistry and ratios of the functional groups on the platform on the extraction efficiency for Ln(III)/An(III)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Böhmer, V.; Dordea, C.; Selucký, P.; Bubeníková, M.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 747, december (2013), s. 155-166 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/09/0668 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Actinides * Calixarenes * Carboranes * Lanthanides * Liquid-liquid extraction Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.302, year: 2013

  12. Anodic Oxidation of 18 Halogenated and/or Methylated Derivatives of CB(11)Hu(12)(-)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wahab, Abdul; Douvris, C.; Klíma, J.; Šembera, Filip; Ugolotti, Juri; Kaleta, Jiří; Ludvík, J.; Michl, Josef

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 1 (2017), s. 269-276 ISSN 0020-1669 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : weakly coordinating anions * dodecamethylcarba-closo-dodecaboranyl * icosahedral carborane anions Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  13. New carbon-carbon linked amphiphilic carboranyl-porphyrins as boron neutron capture agents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vicente, M.G.H.; Wickramasinghe, A.; Shetty, S.J.; Smith, K.M.

    2000-01-01

    Novel amphiphilic carboranyl-porphyrins have been synthesized for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). These compounds have carbon-carbon bonds between the carborane residues and the porphyrin meso-phenyl groups, and contain 28-31% boron by weight . (author)

  14. Calix[4]arenes Substituted on the Narrow Rim with Malononitrile and Cobalt Bis(dicarbollide) Anion

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zhao, J.; Bolte, M.; Dordea, C.; Grüner, Bohumír; Böhmer, V.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 23 (2009), s. 4063-4067 ISSN 0039-7881 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/09/0668 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : carboranes * metallacarboranes * dicarbollides Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.572, year: 2009

  15. C-halogenation of the closo-[CB11H12](-) anion

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Janoušek, Zbyněk; Hilton, C. L.; Schreiber, P. J.; Michl, J.

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 67, č. 7 (2002), s. 1025-1034 ISSN 0010-0765 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A028 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4032918 Keywords : boranes * boron clusters * carboranes Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.848, year: 2002

  16. Synthesis, reactivity and structural studies of carboranyl thioethers and disulfides

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Laromaine, A.; Teixidor, F.; Kivekäs, R.; Sillanpää, R.; Benakki, R.; Grüner, Bohumír; Vinas, C.

    -, č. 10 (2005), s. 1785-1795 ISSN 1477-9226 Grant - others:Generalitat de Catalunya(ES) 2001/SGR/0033 Keywords : molecular structure * crystal structure * closo-carboranes Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.003, year: 2005

  17. Synthesis, Molecular Structure, and Electrochemistry of 1-Ferrocenyl-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaboranes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Korotvička, A.; Šnajdr, I.; Štěpnička, P.; Císařová, I.; Janoušek, Zbyněk; Kotora, M.

    -, č. 15 (2013), s. 2789-2798 ISSN 1434-1948 Grant - others:GA ČR(CZ) GAP207/11/0338; GAČR(CZ) GAP207/11/0705 Program:GA Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : carboranes * metallocenes * structure elucidation * electrochemistry * addition Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.965, year: 2013

  18. New ways to a series of parent representatives of the eight-, nine-, and ten-vertex monocarbaborane family

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brellochs, B.; Bačkovský, Jaroslav; Štíbr, Bohumil; Jelínek, Tomáš; Holub, Josef; Bakardjiev, Mario; Hnyk, Drahomír; Hofmann, M.; Cásařová, I.; Wrackmeyer, B.

    -, č. 18 (2004), s. 3605-3611 ISSN 1434-1948 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IBS4032007; GA MŠk LN00A028 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4032918 Keywords : boranes * carboranes * geometry optimization Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.336, year: 2004

  19. Metal-promoted cage rearrangements in the tricarbollide series: Conversion of ligand derivatives 7-L-nido-7,8,9-C3B8H10 (L=H3N, tBuH(2)N, Me2HN) into neutral 8-R-nido-7,8,9-C3B8H11 (R=H2N, tBuHN, Me2N) compounds

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Štíbr, Bohumil; Holub, Josef; Císařová, I.

    č. 8 (2003), s. 1533-1539 ISSN 1434-1948 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A028; GA ČR GA203/00/1042 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4032918 Keywords : boranes * carboranes * NMR spectroscopy Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.482, year: 2003

  20. Halogen protected cobalt bis(dicarbollide) ions with covalently bonded CMPO functions as anionic extractants for trivalent lanthanide/actinide partitioning

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Švec, Petr; Selucký, P.; Bubeníková, M.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 38, č. 1 (2012), s. 103-112 ISSN 0277-5387 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/09/0668 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : carboranes * metallaboranes * dicarbollides * CMPR * liquid-liquid extraction * lanthanides * actinides Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.813, year: 2012

  1. Electrochemical Oxidation of [1-X-12-I-CB11Me10–] Anions: Formation of Borenium Ylides [12-Dehydro-1-X-CB11Me10] and Iodonium Ylide Anions [{12-(1-X-CB11Me10–)}2I+

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wahab, Abdul; Kaleta, Jiří; Wen, Jin; Valášek, Michal; Polášek, Miroslav; Michl, Josef; Ludvík, Jiří

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 24 (2016), s. 12815-12821 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP206/11/0727 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : WEAKLY COORDINATING ANIONS * SUBSTITUTION SYMMETRY * CARBORANE ANIONS Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry; CA - Inorganic Chemistry (UOCHB-X) Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  2. Aspects of the chemistry of boron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moellinger, H.

    1976-01-01

    Crystal phases of elementary boron are reviewed as well as boron-sulphur, boron-selenum, boron-tellurium, and boron-nitrogen compounds, carboranes, and boron-carbohydrate complexes. A boron cadastre of rivers and lakes serves to illustrate the role of boron in environmental protection. Technically relevant boron compounds and their uses are mentioned. (orig.) 891 HK/orig. 892 MB [de

  3. Investigation of Resin Systems for Improved Ablative Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-04-01

    condensed rings, Boron linear chain of rings Carboranes B-P Resins Polymers Containing Si-O Silicon Si -C Si -N Furan Derivatives Furfural Base Furfural ...8217 Adsorption Theory of Adhesion’ presented at the 144th American Chemical Society Meeting, held in Los Angeles, April 1963. 15. Freeman, J. H. , L. W

  4. Derivatization chemistry of the double-decker dicobalt sandwich ion targeted to design biologically active substances

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Švec, Petr; Hájková, Zuzana; Císařová, I.; Pokorná, Jana; Konvalinka, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 84, č. 11 (2012), s. 2243-2262 ISSN 0033-4545 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAAX00320901 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : AIDS treatment * boranes * canastide ion * carboranes * dicarbollides * HIV -protease Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.386, year: 2012

  5. Simple Synthesis, Halogenation, and Rearrangement of closo-1,6-C2B8H10

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakardjiev, Mario; Štíbr, Bohumil; Holub, Josef; Padělková, Z.; Růžička, A.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 34, č. 2 (2015), s. 450-454 ISSN 0276-7333 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP207/11/0705 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-SPECTROSCOPY * ORGANOELEMENTAL DERIVATIVES * CLOSO-BORANES * CARBORANES * 5,6-DICARBA-NIDO-DECABORANE(12) Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.186, year: 2015

  6. Toward (car)borane-based molecular magnets

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Oliva, J. M.; Alcoba, D. R.; Ona, O. B.; Torre, A.; Lain, L.; Michl, Josef

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 134, č. 2 (2015), 9/1-9/8 ISSN 1432-881X Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : carboranes * spin population * Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian * Heisenberg coupling constatns Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 1.806, year: 2015

  7. Charge distribution within hypercarbon-halogenated 1-Ph-2-X-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaboranes, (X = F, Cl, Br, I): A dipole moment and computational study

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hnyk, Drahomír; Všetečka, V.; Drož, L.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 978, 1-3 (2010), s. 246-249 ISSN 0022-2860 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : halogens * carboranes * dipole moments Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.599, year: 2010

  8. Structural dualism in the zwitterionic 7-RR ' NH-nido-7,8,9-C3B8H10 tricarbollide series: An example of absolute tautomerism

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakardjiev, Mario; Holub, Josef; Hnyk, Drahomír; Císařová, I.; Londesborough, Michael Geoffrey Stephen; Perelakin, D.S.; Štíbr, Bohumil

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 44, č. 38 (2005), s. 6222-6226 ISSN 1433-7851 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC523; GA ČR GA203/05/2646 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : boron * carboranes * structural dualism Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 9.596, year: 2005

  9. B-11-NMR shielding effects in the closo borane series: sensitivity of shifts and their additivity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štíbr, Bohumil

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 23 (2017), s. 14452-14456 ISSN 1144-0546 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01618S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : nmr-spectra * vibrational-spectra * carborane derivatives * decaborate anion * heteroboranes Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 3.269, year: 2016

  10. Electrophilic Halogenation of closo-1,2-C2B8H10.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakardjiev, Mario; Růžička, A.; Růžičková, Z.; Holub, Josef; Tok, Oleg L.; Štíbr, Bohumil

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 10 (2017), s. 5971-5975 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01618S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : molecular-structure * ortho-carboranes * spectroscopy Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  11. Chemistry of cobalt bis(1,2-dicarbollide) ion; the synthesis of carbon substituted alkylamino derivatives from hydroxyalkyl derivatives via methylsulfonyl or p-toluenesulfonyl esters

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nekvinda, Jan; Švehla, Jaroslav; Císařová, I.; Grüner, Bohumír

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 798, č. 1 (2015), s. 112-120 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-05677S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Boranes * Carboranes * Metallacarboranes * Dicarbollide * Building blocks Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.336, year: 2015

  12. An unexpected rearrangement of carbon vertexes in the tricarbollide series. Asymmetrical 7-aryl-nido-7,8,9-C3B8H11 derivatives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakardjiev, Mario; Holub, Josef; Hnyk, Drahomír; Štíbr, Bohumil; Růžičková, Z.; Růžička, A.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 805, MAR (2016), s. 117-121 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP207/11/0705 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Boron hydrides * Carboranes * NMR spectroscopy Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.184, year: 2016

  13. Transmission of Electronic Substituent Effects across the 1,12-Dicarba-doso-dodecaborane Cage: A Computational Study Based on Structural Variation, Atomic Charges, and C-13 NMR Chemical Shifts

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Campanelli, A.R.; Domenicano, A.; Hnyk, Drahomír

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 119, č. 1 (2015), s. 205-214 ISSN 1089-5639 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP208/10/2269 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : MONOSUBSTITUTED BENZENE RINGS * 4-SUBSTITUTED BIPHENYLS * 3-DIMENSIONAL AROMATICITY * CARBORANES * DERIVATIVES Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.883, year: 2015

  14. Open-face alkylation of the 8-R-nido-7,8,9-C3B8H11 tricarbollides

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakardjiev, Mario; Holub, Josef; Tok, Oleg L.; Štíbr, Bohumil; Hnyk, Drahomír; Nekvinda, Jan; Růžičková, Z.; Růžička, A.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 822, NOV (2016), s. 80-84 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01618S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Alkylation * Carboranes * NMR spectroscopy Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.184, year: 2016

  15. Cobalt bis(dicarbollide) ions functionalized by CMPO-like groups attached to boron by short bonds; efficient extraction agents for separation of trivalent f-block elements from highly acidic nuclear waste

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Kvíčalová, Magdalena; Plešek, Jaromír; Šícha, Václav; Císařová, I.; Lučaníková, M.; Selucký, P.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 694, č. 11 (2009), s. 1678-1689 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523; GA AV ČR IAA400310613 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : carboranes * metallacarbaboranes * liquid-liquid extraction Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.347, year: 2009

  16. Studies on Am(III) separation from simulated high-level waste using cobalt bis(dicarbollide) (1(-)) ion derivative covalently bound to N,N'-di-n-octyl diglycol diamide as extractant and DTPA as stripping agent

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bubeníková, M.; Selucký, P.; Rais, J.; Grüner, Bohumír; Švec, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 293, č. 1 (2012), s. 403-408 ISSN 0236-5731 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/09/0668 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : Solvent extraction * actinides * high- level liquid waste * dicarbollide derivatives * carboranes * TODGA * DTPA Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.467, year: 2012

  17. Synthesis, structure and isomerism of three-bridge exo-nido-osmacarborane clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolomnikova, G.D.; Petrovskij, P.V.; Sorokin, P.V.; Dolgushin, F.M.; Yanovskij, A.I.; Chizhevskij, I.T.

    2001-01-01

    The structure and isomerism of exo-nido-osmacarboranes prepared by reaction between coordination-unsaturated complex OsCl 2 (PPh 3 ) 3 (Ph-phenyl) in benzene at 20 deg C and K + -salts of nido-dicarbaundecarborate anions were studied by the methods of 1 H and 11 B NMR (including usual and two-dimensional spectra) and X-ray diffraction analysis. It was ascertained that in the compounds prepared osmium-containing group is bound with nido-carborane ligand via three-center bonds, open pentagonal plane of carborane ligand being retained in the isomers. In it nature isomerism in the compounds mentioned is geometrical cis-trans-isomerism [ru

  18. Skeleton polyhedral rearrangements of 8-alkyl-7,9-dicarba-nido-undecaborate(-1) anion to 11-alkyl-2,7-dicarba-nido-undecaborane(13) and to 9-alkyl-7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborate(-1) anion. Molecular structure of 2,7-Me2-11-PhCH2-2,7-C2B9H10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zakharkin, K.I.; Zhigareva, G.G.; Antonovich, V.A.; Yanovskij, A.I.; Struchkov, Yu.T.

    1986-01-01

    Using the methods of 1 H and 11 B NMR-spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis skeleton polyhedral rearrangements of carboranes are studied. During protonation of anion 8-R-7, 9-R' 2 -7, 9-C 2 B 9 H 9 - the skeleton polyhedral rearrangement in the series of nido-carboranes, resulting in 2,7-R' 2 -11-R-2, 7-C 2 B 9 H 10 (R=Me, PhCH 2 , R'=H, Me) is observed. The rearrangement is reversible. On the detachment of two protons from 2,7-Me 2 -11-PhCH 2 -2,7-C 2 B 9 H 10 and during subsequent protonation the skeleton polyhedral rearrangement with the formation of anion 9-PhCH 2 -7,8-Me 2 -7,8-C 2 B 9 H 9 - takes place

  19. Synthesis and radioiodination of a nido-1,2-carboranyl derivative of 2-nitroimidazole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilbur, D.S.; Hamlin, D.K.; Livesey, J.C.; Srivastava, R.R.; Laramore, G.E.; Griffin, T.W.

    1994-01-01

    The synthesis of a nido-carboranyl congener of misonidazole, 1-(3'-nido-carboranyl-2'-hydroxy)propyl-2-nitromidazole, has been carried out. Alternative methods of preparations were conducted to optimize the chemical yield, with a five step synthesis giving an overall yield (from 1,2-carborane) of 36%. A diastereomeric pair of nido-carboranyl compounds was obtained. The diastereomeric nido-carboranyl misonidazole congeners were (radio)iodinated to yield (> 90%) a mixture of diastereomeric compounds in which the iodine had bonded to a boron atom on the nido-carborane moeity. These compounds will be investigated for their application to boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and hypoxia imaging of cancer. (author)

  20. ICRF boronization. A new technique towards high efficiency wall coating for superconducting tokamak reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Jiangang; Zhao Yan Ping; Gu Xue Mao

    1999-01-01

    A new technique for wall conditioning that will be especially useful for future larger superconducting tokamaks, such as ITER, has been successfully developed and encouraging results have been obtained. Solid carborane powder, which is non-toxic and non-explosive, was used. Pulsed RF plasma was produced by a non-Faraday shielding RF antenna with RF power of 10 kW. The ion temperature was about 2 keV with a toroidal magnetic field of 1.8 T and a pressure of 3x10 -1 Pa. Energetic ions broke up the carborane molecules, and the resulting boron ions struck and were deposited on the first wall. In comparison with glow discharge cleaning boronization, the B/C coating film shows higher adhesion, more uniformity and longer lifetime during plasma discharges. The plasma performance was improved after ICRF boronization. (author). Letter-to-the-editor

  1. Unusual Closure of the Ten-Vertex Nido Cage via Alkylation: Regiospecific Synthesis of 3-Alkyl Derivatives of closo-1,2-C2B8H10

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bakardjiev, Mario; Štíbr, Bohumil; Tok, Oleg L.; Holub, Josef

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 57, č. 3 (2018), s. 1368-1372 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-01618S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : electrophilic halogenation * nido-5,6-c2b8h12 * carboranes * decaborane * boranes * 5,6-dicarba-nido-decaborane(12) Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  2. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Environmental Toxicology (5th) Held at Fairborn, OH on 24-26 September 1974

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-12-01

    naphthylamine, benzidine and derivatives, 4-biphenylamine, 4-nitrobiphenyl, auramine and magenta) Alkylating Agents (chlornaphthazlne, mustard gas...recently developed carborane-silicone columns (Willeboordse et al., 1968; Yancey and Lynn, 1974). Alkylating Agents Several alkylating agents have emerged...Magee, "Nitrosamine-Induced Carcinogenesis. The Alkylation of N-7 of Guanine of Nucleic Acids of the Rat by Diethylnitrosamine N-Ethyl-N- Nitrosourea

  3. CB11Me11 boronium ylides: Carba-closo-dodecaboranes with a naked boron vertex

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zharov, I.; Havlas, Zdeněk; Orendt, A. M.; Barich, D. H.; Grant, D. M.; Fete, M. G.; Michl, J.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 128, č. 18 (2006), s. 6089-6100 ISSN 0002-7863 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME 857 Grant - others:NSF(US) CHE-0446688; NSF(US) OISE-0418568; DE(US) FG02-04ER15536 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : carborane * ylide * DFT Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 7.696, year: 2006

  4. Lithium Salts of [1,12-Dialkyl-CB11Me10]- Anions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valášek, Michal; Štursa, Jan; Pohl, Radek; Michl, Josef

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 22 (2010), s. 10255-10263 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA400550708; GA ČR GC203/09/J058 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) M200550906 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : carboranes * organometallics * synthetic methods Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 4.326, year: 2010

  5. The 16 CB11(CH3)(n)(CD3)(12-n)(center dot) Radicals with 5-Fold Substitution Symmetry: Spin Density Distribution in CB11Me12 center dot

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaleta, Jiří; Tarábek, Ján; Akdag, A.; Pohl, Radek; Michl, Josef

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 51, č. 20 (2012), s. 10819-10824 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR GC203/09/J058 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) M200550906 Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : anion * oxidation * polymerization * isobutylene * carboranes * CB11Me12 Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.593, year: 2012

  6. Anodic Oxidation of 18 Halogenated and/or Methylated Derivatives of CB(11)Hu(12)(-)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wahab, Abdul; Douvris, C.; Klíma, Jiří; Šembera, F.; Ugolotti, J.; Kaleta, J.; Ludvík, Jiří; Michl, J.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 56, č. 1 (2017), s. 269-276 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP206/11/0727 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 Keywords : WEAKLY COORDINATING ANIONS * DODECAMETHYLCARBA-CLOSO-DODECABORANYL * ICOSAHEDRAL CARBORANE ANIONS Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry OBOR OECD: Electrochemistry (dry cells, batteries, fuel cells, corrosion metals, electrolysis) Impact factor: 4.857, year: 2016

  7. Cobalt bis(dicarbollides)(1-) covalently attached to the calix[4]arene platform: The first combination of organic bowl-shaped matrices and inorganic metallaborane cluster anions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Mikulášek, Libor; Báča, Jiří; Císařová, I.; Böhmer, V.; Danila, C.; Reinoso-García, M.M.; Verboom, W.; Reinhoudt, D.N.; Casnati, A.; Ungaro, R.

    -, č. 10 (2005), s. 2022-2039 ISSN 1434-193X R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC523; GA AV ČR KSK4050111 Grant - others:EEC(XE) F16W-CT-2003-508854 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : calixarenes * carboranes * dicarbollides Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.548, year: 2005

  8. Substitution of the laser borane anti-B18H22 with pyridine: a structural and photophysical study of some unusually structured acropolyhedral boron hydrides

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Londesborough, Michael Geoffrey Stephen; Dolanský, Jiří; Jelínek, Tomáš; Kennedy, John David; Císařová, I.; Kennedy, R. G.; Roca-Sanjuan, D.; Frances-Monerris, A.; Lang, Kamil; Clegg, W.

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 5 (2018), s. 1709-1725 ISSN 1477-9226 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA18-20286S Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : containing cluster chemistry * nuclear-magnetic-resonance * 2nd-order perturbation-theory * self-consistent-field * o-carborane Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry OBOR OECD: Inorganic and nuclear chemistry Impact factor: 4.029, year: 2016

  9. Additive Character of Electron Donation by Methyl Substituents within a Complete Series of Polymethylated [1-(eta(6)-Me(n)C(6)H(6-n))-closo-1,2,3-FeC(2)B(9)H(11)] Complexes. Linear Correlations of the NMR Parameters and Fe(II/III) Redox Potentials with the Number of Arene Methyls

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štíbr, Bohumil; Bakardjiev, Mario; Holub, Josef; Růžička, A.; Padělková, Z.; Štěpnička, P.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 50, č. 7 (2011), s. 3097-3102 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523; GA ČR(CZ) GAP207/11/0705 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : organotransition-metal metallacarboranes * molecular-structure * crystal-structures * iron * carborane Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.601, year: 2011

  10. Microwave-Assisted Alkylation of [CB11H12]- and Related Anions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valášek, Michal; Štursa, Jan; Pohl, Radek; Michl, Josef

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 22 (2010), s. 10247-10254 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA400550708; GA ČR GC203/09/J058 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) M200550906 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : carboranes * organometallics * microwave assisted synthesis Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 4.326, year: 2010

  11. Synthesis and physicochemical properties of 7,8-dicarba-nido-undecarborane(11) adducts with pyridine bases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Volkov, O.V.; Il'inchik, E.A.; Volkov, V.V.; Voronina, G.S.; Yur'eva, O.P.; Polyanskaya, T.M.

    1993-01-01

    Synthesis of some 7,8-C 2 B 9 H 11 adducts in conducted via 7.8-C 2 B 9 H 12 ion interaction with iron (3) chloride at presence of pyridine derivatives and their study is carried out using IR, NMR 12 B, PMR, X-ray phase, UV spectroscopy techniques. Character of bond between heterocycle and carborane holyhedron is discussed. Luminescent properties of the prepared compounds under UV radiation are detected

  12. The 79,81Br and 127I NQR spectra of some halogenated anions of nido-7,8-dicarbaundecaborates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Semin, G.K.; Zakharkin, L.I.; Kuznetsov, S.I.; Zhigareva, G.G.; Bryukhova, E.V.

    1998-01-01

    Spectra of nuclear quadrupole resonance of bromine and iodine atoms in the series of halogenated anions of cesium nido-7,8-dicarbaundecaborates have been studied. Considerable shift of the spectrum in the low-frequency range compared to closo-carborane derivatives can be explained by negative charge localization in anion of nido-7,8-dicarbaundecaborates with its certain prevalence in the pentagonal plane [ru

  13. Metal interactions with boron clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grimes, R.N.

    1982-01-01

    This book presents information on the following topics: the structural and bonding features of metallaboranes and metallacarboranes; transition-metal derivatives of nido-boranes and some related species; interactions of metal groups with the octahydrotriborate (1-) anion, B 3 H 8 ; metallaboron cage compounds of the main group metals; closo-carborane-metal complexes containing metal-carbon and metal-boron omega-bonds; electrochemistry of metallaboron cage compounds; and boron clusters with transition metal-hydrogen bonds

  14. Alpha (alpha-) and beta (beta-carboranyl-C-deoxyribosides: Syntheses, structures and biological evaluation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šnajdr, I.; Janoušek, Zbyněk; Takagaki, M.; Císařová, I.; Hosmane, N. S.; Kotora, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 83, Aug 18 (2014), s. 389-397 ISSN 0223-5234 R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M0508 Grant - others:GA MŠk(CZ) LC06070; GA ČR(CZ) GA13-15915S Program:LC Institutional support: RVO:61388963 Keywords : alkynes * carboranes * boron neutron capture therapy * antitumor agents * drug research Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry Impact factor: 3.447, year: 2014

  15. Anionic alkyl diglycoldiamides with covalently bonded cobalt bis(dicarbollide)(1-) ions for lanthanide and actinide extractions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Kvíčalová, Magdalena; Selucký, P.; Lučaníková, M.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 695, č. 9 (2010), s. 1261-1264 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523; GA ČR GA104/09/0668 Grant - others:European Commision(XE) F16W-CT-2003-508854 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : carboranes * metallaboranes * dicarbollides * TODGA Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.205, year: 2010

  16. Diferratricarbaboranes of the subcloso-[eta(5)-C5H5)(2)Fe2C3B8H11] type, the first representatives of the 13-vertex dimetallatricarbaborane series

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grüner, Bohumír; Štíbr, Bohumil; Kivekäs, R.; Sillanpää, R.; Stopka, Pavel; Teixidor, F.; Vinas, C.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 24 (2003), s. 6115-6121 ISSN 0947-6539 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A028; GA ČR GA203/00/1042; GA ČR GA203/01/0944 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4032918 Keywords : boranes * carboranes * cluster compounds Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 4.353, year: 2003

  17. Synthesis and evaluation of 17 alpha-(carboranylalkyl)estradiols as ligands for estrogen receptors alpha and beta

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sedlák, David; Eignerová, Barbara; Dračínský, Martin; Janoušek, Zbyněk; Bartůněk, Petr; Kotora, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 747, 1.12.2013 (2013), s. 178-183 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06070; GA MŠk(CZ) LC06077; GA MŠk LM2011022; GA ČR GA204/09/1905 Institutional support: RVO:68378050 ; RVO:61388963 Keywords : carborane * estradiol * metathesis * estrogen receptor * steroid ligand Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 2.302, year: 2013

  18. Acyl chloride carbon insertion into dicarbaborane cages - new route to tricarbollide cages

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štíbr, Bohumil

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 87, č. 2 (2015), s. 135-142 ISSN 0033-4545. [IMEBORON/15./. Praha, 24.08.2014-28.08.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP207/11/0705 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : acyl chlorides * carbon insertion * carboranes * IMEBORON-XV * metallatricarbollides * tricarbollides Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 2.615, year: 2015

  19. Improved synthesis of [closo-1-CB9H10 ](-) anion and new c-substituted derivatives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ringstrand, B.; Bateman, D.; Shoemaker, R. K.; Janoušek, Zbyněk

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 74, č. 3 (2009), s. 419-431 ISSN 0010-0765 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC523; GA MŠk ME 857 Grant - others:NSF(US) CHE-0446688; NSF(US) OISE-0532040 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : boranes * carboranes * monocarbaborane anions Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.856, year: 2009

  20. Program and Abstracts, Boron Americas IX Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feakes, Debra A.

    2006-08-09

    The Scientific and Technical Information (STI) submitted includes the final report and a collection of abstracts for the Ninth Boron in the Americas Conference which was held May 19-22, 2004, in San Marcos, Texas. The topics covered in the abstracts include: Application in Medicine, Application in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis, Boranes and Carboranes, Materials and Polymers, Metallaboranes and Metallacarboranes, Organoboron Compounds, Synthesis and Catalysis, and Theoretical Studies. Attendees represented researchers from government, industry, and academia.

  1. Boron neutron capture therapy. Synthesis of boronated amines- and DNA intercalating agents for potential use in cancer therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghaneolhosseini, H.

    1998-01-01

    Boron Neutron Capture Therapy is a binary cancer treatment modality, involving the delivery of a suitable boron compound to tumour cells followed by irradiation of the tumour by thermal neutrons. Boronated agents can selectively be delivered to tumour cells either directly with tumour-specific boron compounds, or by use of targeting strategies. However, the efficacy of this method would increase if the boron agents are localised in the cell nucleus rather than in the cell cytoplasm when neutron irradiation takes place. With these considerations in mind, some boronated DNA intercalating/interacting agents such as phenanthridine- acridine- spermidine- and naphthalimide derivatives were synthesised. Aminoalkyl-o-carboranes were synthesised in order to be used both for coupling to macromolecules and also for halogenation of their corresponding nido-derivatives. The amino groups were introduced using the Gabriel reagent N, N-dibenzyl iminodicarboxylate to provide 1-(aminomethyl)- and 1-(2-aminoethyl)-o-carboranes. The first attempt to achieve the possibility to accumulate a higher concentration of boron atoms in the cell nucleus was to synthesize carboranyl phenanthridinium analogues by reacting a p- or o-carboranyl moiety with phenanthridine, a chromophore with a planar aromatic ring system as DNA intercalator. Boronated acridine-spermidine, boronated diacridine, and boronated dispermidine were obtained in order to increase water solubility to avoid the interaction of these agents with non-DNA sides of the cell, especially membranes; and to enhance the feasibility of a higher DNA-binding constant and also decrease the DNA-drug dissociation rate. Finally, the synthesis of a boronated naphthalimide derivative was carried out by nucleophilic reaction of a primary aminoalkyl-p-carborane with naphthalic anhydride. Biological evaluations on DNA-binding, toxicity, and cellular binding with carboranyl phenanthridinium analogues, boronated acridine- and spermidine are described

  2. Adducts of pyridine with 7,8-dicarbo-nido-undecahydrononaborane and its iodo and bromo substituents: a comparative study of their physicochemical properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Volkov, O.V.; Il'inchik, E.A.; Volkov, V.V.; Voronina, G.S.; Yur'eva, O.P.

    1997-01-01

    The synthesis of bromo- and iodo substituents 7,8-C 2 B 9 H 11 xRu is accomplished and their comparative study is carried out through the methods of NMR 11 B-, PMR-, IR- and UV-spectroscopy. It is established that by introduction of halogen into carborane polyhedron there takes place increase in the acceptor capability of the latter and in the result the adduct stabilization. At the same time the introduction of halogen atom leads to sharp decrease in the intensity of the adduct fluorescence in the crystal state

  3. Alkylation of nido-7,8-dicarbollide anion in liquid ammonia by propargyl bromide yielding 8-propargyl-nido-7,9-dicarbaundecaborate and 9-propargyl-nido-7,8-dicarbaundecaborate anions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zakharkin, L.I.; Ol'shevskaya, V.A.; Zhigareva, G.G.; Petrovskij, P.V.; Vinogradova, L.E.

    2002-01-01

    Products of alkylation of nido-7,8-dicarbollide anion by propargyl bromide in liquid ammonia at a temperature of -50 deg C were studied by the methods of 11 B NMR, IR and UV spectroscopy. It was ascertained that the above-mentioned reaction is accompanied by framework regroupings and results, depending on the reaction conditions, in formation of 8-propargyl-nido-7,9-dicarbaundecaborate- and 9-propargyl-nido-7,8-dicarbaundecaborate-anion. Ability of the salts prepared to get colored in alcohol solution as a result of action of diluted mineral acids, which is unusual for carborane derivatives, was revealed [ru

  4. Geophysical and geochemical regional evaluation and geophysical model for uranium exploration in the western part of Yanliao region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Tengyao; Cui Huanmin; Chen Guoliang; Zhai Yugui

    1992-01-01

    The western part of Yanliao region is an important uranium metallogenic region. This paper summarizes the regional geophysical model for uranium exploration composed of prediction model for favourable area of mineralization and evaluation model for anomalies on the basis of aeromagnetic and aeroradiometric data interpretation and analysis of the data from carborane and ground gamma spectrometric survey, high accurate magnetic survey, VLF survey and α-collected film survey in mult-displiary research work. The prospective prediction for uranium metallogenesis in this region was also conducted

  5. Synthesis of boron-containing heterocyclic compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azev, Yuri; Slepukhina, Irina; Gabel, Detlef

    2004-01-01

    The synthesis of boron-containing 1,3,5-triazines and 1,2,4-triazines is described. Derivatives of 1,3,5-triazine containing the o-carborane cluster have been obtained by reacting the corresponding propargyl derivatives with B 10 H 14 . Derivatives of 1,2,4-triazine containing the B 12 H 12 2- cluster have been obtained by nucleophilic substitution of ethylsulfone derivatives with B 12 H 11 SH 2- . They have been isolated in their ring-protonated form. Reaction of RNH 2 -B 8 H 11 NH-R with stericly demanding heterocycles failed, either for steric or for solubility reasons

  6. Synthesis of functionalized cobaltacarboranes based on the closo-[(1,2-C2B9H11)(2)-3,3 '-Co](-) ion bearing polydentate ligands for separation of M3+ cations from nuclear waste solutions. Electrochemical and liquid-liquid extraction study of selective transfer of M3+ metal cations to an organic phase. Molecular structure of the closo-[(8-(2-CH3O-C5H4-O)-(CH2CH2O)(2)-1,2-C2B9H10)-(1 ',2 '-C2B9H11)-3,3 '-Co]Na determined by X-ray diffraction analysis

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Plešek, Jaromír; Grüner, Bohumír; Heřmánek, Stanislav; Báča, Jiří; Mareček, Vladimír; Jänchenová, Hana; Lhotský, Alexandr; Holub, Karel; Selucký, P.; Rais, J.; Císařová, I.; Čáslavský, Josef

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 21, 9-10 (2002), s. 975-986 ISSN 0277-5387 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A028; GA MŠk LB98233; GA ČR GA104/01/0142; GA ČR GA203/99/M037; GA ČR GA104/99/1096 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4032918 Keywords : carboranes * carba metallaboranes * dicarbollides Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.414, year: 2002

  7. Boronated porphyrins in NCT: Results with a new potent tumor localizer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kahl, S.B.; Koo, M.S.; Laster, B.H.; Fairchild, R.G.

    1988-01-01

    Several chemical methods are available for the solubilization of boronated porphyrins. We have previously reported the tumor localization of nido carboranyl porphyrins in which the icosahedral carborane cages have been opened to give B 9 C 2 anions. One of these species has shown tumor boron levels of nearly 50 μg B/g when delivered by week-long subcutaneous infusions. We report here recent in vivo experiments with a new, highly water-soluble porphyrin based on the hematoporphyrin-type of compound in which aqueous solubility is achieved using the two propionic acid side chains of the ''natural'' porphyrin frame. 7 refs

  8. Structural studies of novel coordination compounds run in the Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antipin, M.Yu.; Starikova, Z.A.; Yanovskij, A.I.; Dolgushin, F.M.; Lysenko, K.A.; Khrustalev, V.N.; Vorontsov, I.I.; Korlyukov, A.A.; Andreev, G.B.; Neretin, I.S.

    2001-01-01

    The results of the investigation into structural chemistry of coordination compounds taking place in the X-ray Laboratory of the Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences are given. The review gives an idea on the tendencies to structural researches of complexes of varying categories of coordination compounds, among which are lithium, strontium, cadmium compounds, rare earth compounds, transuranium compounds, transition element compounds, carboranes, fullerenes. An attempt was made to prove the structure and reveal the novel structural and crystallochemical regularities in the studied series of relative compounds. The outlooks for the following progress of studies on this field are determined [ru

  9. Functionalized cobalt bis(dicarbollide) ions as selective extraction reagents for removal of M2+ and M3+ cations from nuclear waste, crystal and molecular structures of the [8,8 '-mu-CIP(O)(O)(2)(1,2-C2B9H10)(2)-3,3 '-Co]HN(C2H5)(3) and [8,8 '-mu-Et2NP(O)(O)(2) (1,2-C2B9H10)(2)-3,3 '-Co](HN(CH3)(3))

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Plešek, Jaromír; Grüner, Bohumír; Císařová, I.; Báča, Jiří; Selucký, P.; Rais, J.

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 657, 1-2 (2002), s. 59-70 ISSN 0022-328X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA104/99/1096; GA ČR GA104/01/0142; GA ČR GA203/99/M037; GA MŠk LN00A028 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4032918 Keywords : carboranes * metallaboranes * liquid-liquid extraction Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.901, year: 2002

  10. Investigation of tautomeric transformations of adducts of 7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborana(11) with derivatives of pyridine by 11B NMR spectroscopy method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Volkov, O.V.; Il'inchik, E.A.; Volkov, V.V.

    1999-01-01

    Tautomeric transformations are investigated in solutions of o-carborane(12) derivatives 7,8-C 2 B 9 H 11 ·Py(X), where Py(X)=4-picoline (4-CH 3 -C 5 H 4 N), 3-picoline (3-CH 3 -C 5 H 4 N), 4-stilbazol (4-C 6 H 5 -C 2 H 2 -C 5 H 4 N), 3-bromopyridine (3-Br-C 5 H 4 N) and 7,8-C 2 B 9 H 10 I·C 5 H 5 N. Uncovered tautomeric transformations are bound with migration of bridge hydrogen of C 2 B 9 H 11 cluster assisting in structure of these compounds. Signal of boron nuclei in 11 B NMR spectra is observed in the region of high field of spectrum if the nearest two atoms of boron are bounded by bridge hydrogen additionally. That permits to fix happening dynamic structural transformations of adducts investigated. The dependence of tautomeric equilibrium on nature of substituents introduced in heterocyclic ligand and carborane cluster. Increase of electron-acceptor properties of substituent induces displacement of equilibrium in the direction of tautomer bridge hydrogen in which is removed from boron atom bounded with substituent [ru

  11. Carbon monoxide protonation in condensed phases and bonding to surface superacidic Brønsted centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoyanov, Evgenii S; Malykhin, Sergei E

    2016-02-14

    Using infrared (IR) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, interaction of CO with the strongest known pure Brønsted carborane superacids, H(CHB11Hal11) (Hal = F, Cl), was studied. CO readily interacted at room temperature with H(CHB11F11) acid, forming a mixture of bulk salts of formyl and isoformyl cations, which were in equilibrium An(-)H(+)CO COH(+)An(-). The bonding of CO to the surface Brønsted centers of the weaker acid, H(CHB11Cl11), resulted in breaking of the bridged H-bonds of the acid polymers without proton transfer (PT) to CO. The binding occurred via the C atom (blue shift ΔνCO up to +155-167 cm(-1), without PT) or via O atom (red shift ΔνCO up to -110 cm(-1), without PT) always simultaneously, regardless of whether H(+) is transferred to CO. IR spectra of all species were interpreted by B3LYP/cc-pVQZ calculations of the simple models, which adequately mimic the ability of carborane acids to form LH(+)CO, LH(+)CO, COH(+)L, and COH(+)L compounds (L = bases). The CO bond in all compounds was triple. Acidic strength of the Brønsted centers of commonly used acid catalysts, even so-called superacidic catalysts, is not sufficient for the formation of the compounds studied.

  12. Inner-shell excitation and ionic fragmentation of molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hitchcock, A.P.; Tyliszczak, T.; Cavell, R.G.

    1997-01-01

    Inner-shell excitation and associated decay spectroscopies are site specific probes of electronic and geometrical structure and photoionization dynamics. X-ray absorption probes the geometric and electronic structure, while time-of-flight mass spectrometry with multi-coincidence detection provides information on the photofragmentation dynamics of the initially produced inner-shell state. Auger decay of inner-shell excited and ionised states is an efficient source of multiply charged ions. The charge separation and fragmentation of these species, studied by photoelectron-photoion-photoion coincidence (also called charge separation mass spectrometry) gives insights into bonding and electronic structure. In molecules, the dependence of the fragmentation process on the X-ray energy can reveal cases of site and/or state selective fragmentation. At the ALS the authors have examined the soft X-ray spectroscopy and ionic fragmentation of a number of molecules, including carboranes, silylenes, phosphorus halides, SF 6 and CO 2 . Their work is illustrated using results from the carborane and PF 3 studies

  13. Radiation chemistry of plastic crystals. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klingen, T.J.

    1979-01-01

    The primary purpose of this report is to summarize the research done under this contract over the past twelve years. Since it is manifestly impossible to provide all the details involved in this work in this report only the primary results of these studies are discussed. The detailed radiolytic mechanisms and kinetics, as well as other detailed information on the systems studied have previously been reported in the annual reports, ORO-3781-1 through 14 and in the journal articles listed in the Contract Publications section of this report. The initial purpose of this work was to study the gamma-ray induced polymerization of organo-substituted carboranes in the solid state. With time this purpose changed to understanding in detail the effects plastic crystallinity had on the overall radiolysis of materials in this type of mesomorphic state. This work included the effects of phase, charge transfer, organic substituent and the ability of the carboranes to act as electron scavengers. For clarity of presentation, the work in the various areas which was performed under this contract is reported in four separate sections: plastic crystallinity, radiation chemistry, electrooptical properties, and thermal oligomerization

  14. Inner-shell excitation and ionic fragmentation of molecules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hitchcock, A.P.; Tyliszczak, T. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Cavell, R.G. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    Inner-shell excitation and associated decay spectroscopies are site specific probes of electronic and geometrical structure and photoionization dynamics. X-ray absorption probes the geometric and electronic structure, while time-of-flight mass spectrometry with multi-coincidence detection provides information on the photofragmentation dynamics of the initially produced inner-shell state. Auger decay of inner-shell excited and ionised states is an efficient source of multiply charged ions. The charge separation and fragmentation of these species, studied by photoelectron-photoion-photoion coincidence (also called charge separation mass spectrometry) gives insights into bonding and electronic structure. In molecules, the dependence of the fragmentation process on the X-ray energy can reveal cases of site and/or state selective fragmentation. At the ALS the authors have examined the soft X-ray spectroscopy and ionic fragmentation of a number of molecules, including carboranes, silylenes, phosphorus halides, SF{sub 6} and CO{sub 2}. Their work is illustrated using results from the carborane and PF{sub 3} studies.

  15. Wall conditioning with a high magnetic field in HT-7 superconducting tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Jiangang; Gu Xuemao; Gao Xiang; Zhang Souying; Jie Yingxian; Yang Xiaokang

    2000-01-01

    ICRF wall conditioning techniques, which includes the hydrogen removal, impurity cleaning, boronization and siliconization, were described in this paper. This new technique has been demonstrated to be very effective for wall conditioning, recycling, isotopic control and used daily during experiments. The RF plasma parameters were measured as T e =3-8 eV, T i =0.5-2 keV, n e =0.3-5 x 10 17 m -3 by different diagnostics. The nontoxic and nonexplosive solid carborane powder was used for the RF boronization. Energetic ions cracked the carborane molecule and the boron ions impacted and deposited onto first wall. Comparing with GDC boronization, the B/C coating film shows the higher adhesion, better uniformity and longer lifetime to the plasma discharges. Siliconization was carried out by using a high field side long RF antenna, which made the discharge more uniform. The ratio of SiH 4 to helium is about 5:95 at the pressure range of P v =0.8-8 x 10 -2 Pa. Compare with boronization, it showed quicker recovery from a bad wall condition due to leakage of air to good wall condition. Plasma density could be easily controlled after siliconization. But the lifetime is much shorter than that obtained by boronization. Plasma performance has been improved after RF boronization and siliconization. (author)

  16. Synthetic and mechanistic studies related to closo and exo-nido-bis(phosphine)rhodacarboranes in catalysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hewes, J.D.

    1984-01-01

    The polyhedral expansion of [closo-1,2-C 2 B 10 H 12 ] using sodium, and the subsequent protonation of the resulting dianion, was reported to give the fluxional and thermally unstable carborane ion [nido-7,8-C 2 B 10 H 13 ] - , which has until recently eluded structural characterization. The solution state molecular structure of this compound was determined using two-dimensional 11 B- 11 B NMR spectroscopy. Reaction of the unstable ion [nido-7,8-C 2 B 10 H 13 ] - with [(PPh 3 ) 3 RhCl] produced [closo-1,1-(PPh 3 ) 2 -1-H-1,2,4-RhC 2 B 10 H 12 ], a 13-vertex supraicosahedral bisphosphinerhodacarborane. Spectroscopic characterization and an x-ray diffraction crystal structure proved unambiguously the molecular structure of the complex. The compound acts as a catalyst for the hydrogenation and isomerization of alkenes at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure

  17. Boron Drug Delivery via Encapsulated Magnetic Nanocomposites: A New Approach for BNCT in Cancer Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinghuai Zhu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ortho-carborane cages have been successfully attached to modified magnetic nanoparticles via catalytic azide-alkyne cycloadditions between 1-R-2-butyl-Ortho-C2B10H10(R=Me,3;Ph,4 and propargyl group-enriched magnetic nanoparticles. A loading amount of 9.83 mmol boron atom/g starch-matrixed magnetic nanoparticles has been reached. The resulting nanocomposites have been found to be highly tumor-targeted vehicles under the influence of an external magnetic field (1.14T, yielding a high boron concentration of 51.4 μg/g tumor and ratios of around 10 : 1 tumor to normal tissues.

  18. Boron-Containing Compounds for Liposome-Mediated Tumor Localization and Application to Neutron Capture Therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hawthorne, M. Frederick

    2005-01-01

    unimolecular nanoparticles presenting several advantages: tunable size through functionalization and branching, spherical shape due to the icosahedral B122 core, promising water solubility resulting from degradation of all pendant closo-carborane groups to their hydrophilic nido anion substituents, and efficient boron delivery owing to the presence of 120 boron atoms which gives rise to a boron content as high as 40% by weight. Keeping the new objective in mind, we have focused on the design, synthesis and evaluation of new and very boron-rich closomer species. Additionally, progress has also been made toward the evaluation of a newly synthesized boron-rich lipid as a substitute for DSPC in bilayer construction, and the boron content of the resulting liposomes has been greatly enhanced. Related research involving the synthesis and self-assembly of carborane-containing amphiphiles has been systematically studied. Combined hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties of the single-chain amphiphiles allow their spontaneous self-assembly to form rods under a variety of variable conditions, such as concentration in the bilayer, carborane cage structure, chain-length, counterion identity, solvents, methods of preparation, and the ionic charge. On the other hand, the number of attached chains affects the self-assembly process. Particles having totally different shapes have been observed for dual-chain amphiphiles.

  19. Synthesis of single-molecule nanocars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vives, Guillaume; Tour, James M

    2009-03-17

    p-carborane- and ruthenium-based wheels with greater solubility in organic solvents. Although fullerene wheels must be attached in the final synthetic step, p-carborane- and ruthenium-based wheels do not inhibit organometallic coupling reactions, which allows a more convergent synthesis of molecular machines. We also prepared functional nanotrucks for the transport of atoms and molecules, as well as self-assembling nanocars and nanotrains. Although engineering challenges such as movement over long distance and non-atomically flat surfaces remain, the greatest current research challenge is imaging. The detailed study of nanocars requires complementary single molecule imaging techniques such as STM, AFM, TEM, or single-molecule fluorescence microscopy. Further developments in engineering and synthesis could lead to enzyme-like manipulation and assembly of atoms and small molecules in nonbiological environments.

  20. Clickable prodrugs bearing potent and hydrolytically cleavable nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadrerafi K

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Keivan Sadrerafi, Emilia O Mason, Mark W Lee Jr Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA Purpose: Our previous study indicated that carborane containing small-molecule 1-(hydroxymethyl-7-(4′-(trans-3″-(3‴-pyridylacrylamidobutyl-1,7-dicarbadodecaborane (hm-MC4-PPEA, was a potent inhibitor of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt. Nampt has been shown to be upregulated in most cancers and is a promising target for the treatment of many different types of cancers, including breast cancers. Patients and methods: To increase the selectivity of hm-MC4-PPEA toward cancer cells, three prodrugs were synthesized with different hydrolyzable linkers: ester, carbonate, and carbamate. Using click chemistry a fluorophore was attached to these prodrugs to act as a model for our conjugation strategy and to serve as an aid for prodrug stability studies. The stabilities of these drug conjugates were tested in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS at normothermia (37°C using three different pH levels, 5.5, 7.5, and 9.5, as well as in horse serum at physiological pH. The stability of each was monitored using reversed-phase HPLC equipped with both diode array and fluorescence detection. The inhibitory activity of hm-MC4-PPEA was also measured using a commercially available colorimetric assay. The biological activities of the drug conjugates as well as those of the free drug (hm-MC4-PPEA, were evaluated using the MTT assay against the human breast cancer cell lines T47D and MCF7, as well as the noncancerous, transformed, Nampt-dependent human breast epithelium cell line 184A1.Results: hm-MC4-PPEA showed to be a potent inhibitor of recombinant Nampt activity, exhibiting an IC50 concentration of 6.8 nM. The prodrugs showed great stability towards hydrolytic degradation under neutral, mildly acidic and mildly basic conditions. The carbamate prodrug also showed to be stable in rat serum. However, the carbonate and the ester prodrug

  1. Electrical Characterization of Irradiated Semiconducting Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, George Glenn

    Semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide has been explored as a neutron voltaic for operation in radiation harsh environments, such as on deep space satellites/probes. A neutron voltaic device could also be used as a solid state neutron radiation detector to provide immediate alerts for radiation workers/students, as opposed to the passive dosimetry badges utilized today. Understanding how the irradiation environment effects the electrical properties of semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide is important to predicting the stability of these devices in operation. p-n heterojunction diodes were formed from the synthesis of semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide on silicon substrates through the use of plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Many forms of structural and electrical measurements and analysis have been performed on the p-n heterojunction devices as a function of both He+ ion and neutron irradiation including: transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), current versus voltage I(V), capacitance versus voltage C(V), conductance versus frequency G(f), and charge carrier lifetime (tau). In stark contrast to nearly all other electronic devices, the electrical performance of these p-n heterojunction diodes improved with irradiation. This is most likely the result of bond defect passivation and resolution of degraded icosahedral based carborane structures (icosahedral molecules missing a B, C, or H atom(s)).

  2. Immunocytochemistry by electron spectroscopic imaging using well defined boronated monovalent antibody fragments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessels, M M; Qualmann, B; Sierralta, W D

    1996-01-01

    Contributing to the rapidly developing field of immunoelectron microscopy a new kind of markers has been created. The element boron, incorporated as very stable carborane clusters into different kinds of peptides, served as a marker detectable by electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI)--an electron microscopic technique with high-resolution potential. Covalently linked immunoreagents conspicuous by the small size of both antigen recognizing part and marker moiety are accessible by using peptide concepts for label construction and their conjugation with Fab' fragments. Due to a specific labeling of the free thiol groups of the Fab' fragments, the antigen binding capacity was not affected by the attachment of the markers and the resulting immunoprobes exhibited an elongated shape with the antigen combining site and the label located at opposite ends. The labeling densities observed with these reagents were found to be significantly higher than those obtained by using conventional colloidal gold methods. Combined with digital image processing and analysis systems, boron-based ESI proved to be a powerful approach in ultrastructural immunocytochemistry employing pre- and post-embedding methods.

  3. Antibodies and antiestrogens combined with boron for use in the neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abraham, R.

    1987-01-01

    The ZR-75-1 cell line developed from a mammary carcinoma was chosen to characterise the binding of antiestrogen U23.469-M to the cell, which was subsequently compared to that of a derivative combined with boron. It was found that the original U23.469-M showed antiestrogenic activity, while this effect was largely abolished after the substance had been modified using b-decachloro-o-carborane. In this study, boron-conjugated antibodies were produced in order to find out whether those modified immunoglobulins would be suitable to bind sufficient quantities of boron to the tumour cells. It was calculated by experts on radiation biology that a minimum of 1000 boron atoms is required for a tumour-specific antibody to be therapeutically effective. When oxidated dextran of a molecular weight of 33 kD was used as a linking molecule, a reproducible method could be developed that permitted more than 1000 boron atoms to be bound per antibody. In one of the monoclonal antibodies tested here a combination with boron could, however, only be achieved at the expense of complete inactivation. A model was developed allowing to significantly increase the number modified antibodies attached to any one tumour cell. The cell binding experiments and radioimmunoassays then carried out were able to show that the number of antibodies bound to tumour cells can be increased to different degrees, depending on the monoclonal antibody used in each case. (orig./MG) [de

  4. Fabrication and evaluation of polymeric early-warning fire-alarm devices. [combustion products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senturia, S. D.

    1975-01-01

    The electrical resistivities were investigated of some polymers known to be enhanced by the presence of certain gases. This was done to make a device capable of providing early warning to fire through its response with the gases produced in the early phases of combustion. Eight polymers were investigated: poly(phenyl acetylene), poly(p-aminophenyl acetylene), poly(p-nitrophenyl acetylene), poly(p-formamidophenyl acetylene), poly(ethynyl ferrocene), poly(ethynyl carborane), poly(ethynyl pyridine), and the polymer made from 1,2,3,6 tetramethyl pyridazine. A total of 40 usable thin-film sandwich devices and a total of 70 usable interdigitated-electrode lock-and-key devices were fabricated. The sandwich devices were used for measurements of contact linearity, polymer conductivity, and polymer dielectric constant. The lock-and-key devices were used to determine the response of the polymers to a spectrum of gases that included ammonia, carbon nonoxide, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ethylene, acrolein, water vapor, and normal laboratory air. Strongest responses were to water vapor, ammonia, and acrolein, and depending on the polymer, weaker responses to carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide were observed. A quantitative theory of device operation, capable of accounting for observed device leakage current and sensitivity, was developed. A prototype detection/alarm system was designed and built for use in demonstrating sensor performance.

  5. Initial phase wall conditioning in KSTAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Suk-Ho; Kim, Kwang-Pyo; Kim, Sungwoo; Lee, Dong-Su; Kim, Kyung-Min; Lee, Kun-Su; Kim, Jong-Su; Park, Jae-Min; Kim, Woong-Chae; Kim, Hak-Kun; Park, Kap-Rai; Yang, Hyung-Lyeol; Sun, Jong-Ho; Woo, Hyun-Jong; Lee, Sang-Yong; Lee, Sang-Hwa; Park, Eun-Kyung; Park, Sang-Joon; Kim, Sun-Ho; Wang, Sun-Jung

    2011-01-01

    The initial phase wall conditioning in KSTAR is depicted. The KSTAR wall conditioning procedure consists of vessel baking, glow discharge cleaning (GDC), ICRH wall conditioning (ICWC) and boronization (Bz). Vessel baking is performed for the initial vacuum conditioning in order to remove various kinds of impurities including H 2 O, carbon and oxygen and for the plasma operation. The total outgassing rates after vessel baking in three successive KSTAR campaigns are compared. GDC is regularly performed as a standard wall cleaning procedure. Another cleaning technique is ICWC, which is useful for inter-shot wall conditioning under a strong magnetic field. In order to optimize the operation time and removal efficiency of ICWC, a parameter scan is performed. Bz is a standard technique to remove oxygen impurity from a vacuum vessel. KSTAR has used carborane powder which is a non-toxic boron-containing material. The KSTAR Bz has been successfully performed through two campaigns: water and oxygen levels in the vacuum vessel are reduced significantly. As a result, KSTAR has achieved its first L-H mode transition, although the input power was marginal for the L-H transition threshold. The characteristics of boron-containing thin films deposited for boronization are investigated.

  6. Coupling of dextrans conjugated with boron to gamma globulin: a model for NCT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elmore, J.J. Jr.; Borg, D.C.; Micca, P.; Gabel, D.

    1983-01-01

    Our project is to meet more effectively the well known primary requirement for treatment with boron-10 neutron capture therapy (NCT): namely, the selective localization of a sufficient amount of boron in or on target cells. Monoclonal antibodies (MCA) to tumor-associated antigens are attractive targeting carriers for boron-10 in terms of the needed selective localization. However the densities of surface receptors on tumor cells have seemed deficient to achieve successful NCT. If one seeks the necessary radiotherapeutic ratios by increasing the numbers of boron atoms or carborane cages bound per MCA, then inactivation of the antibody can occur through loss of receptor specificity and/or by precipitation of the protein. To achieve the goal of overcoming the limitations of antibody binding capacity, we have elected to use water-soluble dextrans as intermediate carriers. This permits each MCA molecule to target many atoms of boron-10 to the specified antigenic receptors while only 5 to 10 of the amino acid residues of the protein are conjugated by dextrans carrying boron-10

  7. NMR of dielectrically oriented molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruessink, B.H.

    1986-01-01

    General information on experimental aspects of EFNMR is given. It is shown that the complete 14 N quadrupole tensor (qct) of pyridine and pyrimidine in the liquid state is accessible to EFNMR. Information obtained about 17 O qct in liquid nitromethane, is compared with results from other techniques. The 33 S qct in liquid sulfolane is investigated. The EFNMR results, combined with those from spin-lattice relaxation time measurements and from Hartree-Fock-Slater MO calculations, allowed the complete assignment of the 33 S qct. The quadrupole coupling of both 10 B and 11 B in a carborane compound is investigated and, together with the results of spin-lattice relaxation time measurements, detailed information about the assignment of the boron qct's could be derived. EFNMR studies of apolar molecules are described. A limitation in EFNMR is the inhomogeneity (delta B) of the magnetic field, which is introduced by the use of non-spinning sample cells. A way out is the detection of zero quantum transitions, their widths being independent of delta B. The results and prospectives of this approach are shown for the simple three spin 1/2 system of acrylonitrile in which the small dipolar proton-proton couplings could be revealed via zero quantum transitions. (Auth.)

  8. Tetraethylammonium 7,12-dicyano-1-carba-closo-dodecaborate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus A. Juhasz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, C8H20N+·C3H10B11N2−, the carborane anion cage displays nearly-perfect Cs symmetry, with the two CN groups lying on a noncrystallographic mirror plane that bisects the cage. In the crystal, the anions form extended chains along the a-axis direction, with C—H...N hydrogen bonds linking consecutive anions. The C[triple-bond]N bond lengths (and B—C[triple-bond]N angles in the nitrile moities are 1.1201 (19 Å, 178.60 (15° and 1.1433 (17 Å, 179.45 (15°, similar to those observed in organic nitriles. A hydrogen bond between a methylene H atom of the cation and the N atom in one of the nitrile groups of the anion is the closest contact between the anion and cation, at 2.52 Å.

  9. Interaction between exo-nido-ruthenacarborane [Cl(Ph3P)2Ru]-5,6,10-(μ-H)3-10-H-7,8-C2B9H8 and bromine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Timofeev, S.V.; Lobanova, I.A.; Petrovskij, P.V.; Starikova, Z.A.; Bregadze, V.I.

    2001-01-01

    Interaction between exo-nido-ruthenacarborane [Cl(Ph 3 P) 2 Ru]-5,6,10-(μ-H) 3 -10-H-7,8-C 2 B 9 H 8 with bromine in CH 2 Cl 2 solutions at 0 deg C studied using the methods of elementary analysis, NMR, IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. It was ascertained that the reaction gives rise to bromine atom substitution for chlorine atom in octahedral surrounding of ruthenium atom with formation of complex [Br(Ph 3 P) 2 Ru]-5,6,10-(μ-H) 3 -10-H-7,8-C 2 B 9 H 8 . The complex is crystallized in monoclinic crystal system with the following unit cell parameters a = 12.592 (1), b = 20.687 (2), c = 16.628 (2) A, β = 94.372 (3) deg, sp. gr. P2 1 /n, Z = 4. Coordination octahedron of ruthenium atom is formed by three hydrogen atoms bound with boron atoms in one triangular face of carborane, two phosphorus atoms and one bromine atom [ru

  10. Synthesis of triazolyl methyl-substituted amino- and oxy-undeca-hydro-dodeca-borates for potential application in boron neutron capture therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El-Zaria, M.E.; Genady, A.R.; Nakamura, H.; El-Zaria, M.E.; Genady, A.R.

    2010-01-01

    A general approach to the synthesis of triazole conjugates containing undeca-hydro-closo-dodeca-borate anions based on Huisgen 1, 3-dipolar cycloaddition is presented. Un-decahydro-closo-dodeca-borate anions bearing terminal alkyne groups were synthesized by the reaction of H 3 N-B 12 H 11 - or HO-B 12 H 11 2- with alkyne halides in N, N-dimethylformamide using KOH as a base. Variation of reaction time, alkyne halide concentration and steric demands of the alkyne halide resulted in the stepwise introduction of one to three alkyne groups into H 3 N-B 12 H 11 - . Two compounds {(CHCCH 2 )-N-B 12 H 11 - and (CHCCH 2 )O-B 12 H 11 2- } were crystallized for single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. N- and O-alkyne un-decahydro-closo-dodeca-borate anions reacted with various functionalized azides including lipid, carborane, aryl and hydroxyalkyl groups. The current study provides various synthetic applications not only for BNCT but also for boron cluster materials. (authors)

  11. Reactions of a 16-electron Cp*Co half-sandwich complex containing a chelating 1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane-1,2-dithiolate ligand with alkynones HC≡C-C(O)R (R=OMe,Me,Ph)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUOYIQIBAYI; Gulnisa

    2010-01-01

    The reaction of the 16e half-sandwich complex Cp*Co(S2C2B10H10) (1) (Cp* = pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) with excess methyl acetylene monocarboxylate, HC≡C-CO2Me, affords the 18e complexes 2-6. Compound 2 bears a B-CH2 unit in which B-substitution occurs in the B(3)/B(6) position of the ortho-carborane cage. Complexes 3-6 are geometrical isomers, in which the alkyne is twofold inserted into one of the Co-S bonds in all the four possible ways. Treatment of 1 with excess 3-butyn-2-one or phenyl ethynyl ketone, HC≡C-C(O)R (R = Me, Ph), at ambient temperature leads to the 18e complexes 7-10, respectively, with two alkynes inserted into one of the Co-S bonds. All the new complexes were fully characterized by spectroscopic techniques and elemental analysis. The solid-state structures of 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were further characterized by X-ray structural analysis.

  12. Carboranyl-Chlorin e6 as a Potent Antimicrobial Photosensitizer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena O Omarova

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation is currently being widely considered as alternative to antibiotic chemotherapy of infective diseases, attracting much attention to design of novel effective photosensitizers. Carboranyl-chlorin-e6 (the conjugate of chlorin e6 with carborane, applied here for the first time for antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation, appeared to be much stronger than chlorin e6 against Gram-positive bacteria, such as Bacillus subtilis, Staphyllococcus aureus and Mycobacterium sp. Confocal fluorescence spectroscopy and membrane leakage experiments indicated that bacteria cell death upon photodynamic treatment with carboranyl-chlorin-e6 is caused by loss of cell membrane integrity. The enhanced photobactericidal activity was attributed to the increased accumulation of the conjugate by bacterial cells, as evaluated both by centrifugation and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. Gram-negative bacteria were rather resistant to antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation mediated by carboranyl-chlorin-e6. Unlike chlorin e6, the conjugate showed higher (compared to the wild-type strain dark toxicity with Escherichia coli ΔtolC mutant, deficient in TolC-requiring multidrug efflux transporters.

  13. Application of the boron neutron capture therapy to undifferentiated thyroid cancer using two boron compounds (BPA and BOPP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Viaggi, Mabel; Dagrosa, Maria A.; Juvenal, Guillermo J.; Pisarev, Mario A.; Longhino, Juan M.; Blaumann, Hernan R.; Calzetta Larrieu, Osvaldo A.; Kahl, Stephen B.

    2004-01-01

    We have shown the selective uptake of boronophenylalanine (BPA) by undifferentiated thyroid cancer (UTC) human cell line ARO, both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, a 50% histologic cure of mice bearing the tumor was observed when the complete boron neutron capture therapy was applied. More recently we have analyzed the biodistribution of BOPP (tetrakis-carborane carboxylate ester of 2,4-bis-(ba-dihydroxyethyl)-deutero-porphyrin IX) and showed that when BOPP was injected 5 days before BPA, and the animals were sacrificed 60 min after the ip injection of BPA, a significant increase in boron uptake by the tumor was found (38-45ppm with both compounds Vs. 20 ppm with BPA alone). Five days post the ip BOPP injection and 1 hr after BPA, the ratios were: tumor/blood 3,75; tumor /distal skin 2. Other important ratios were tumor/thyroid 6,65 and tumor/lung 3,8. The present studies were performed in mice transplanted with ARO cells and injected with BOPP and BPA. Only in mice treated with the neutron beam and injected with the boronated compounds we observed a 100% control of tumor growth. Two groups of mice received different total absorbed doses: 3.00 and 6.01 Gy, but no further improvement in the outcome was found compared to the previous results using BPA alone (4.3 Gy). (author)

  14. Tratamiento del cáncer por captura neutrónica de boro: Su aplicación al carcinoma indiferenciado de tiroides Boron neutron capture therapy applied to undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario A. Pisarev

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El cáncer indiferenciado de tiroides es un tumor muy agresivo, de muy mal pronóstico y sin tratamiento efectivo. La terapia por captura neutrónica de boro (BNCT podría ser una alternativa para el tratamiento de esta enfermedad. Se basa en la captación selectiva de boro por el tumor y su activación por un haz de neutrones. El boro activado libera un núcleo de litio-7 y una partícula alfa, las cuales tienen una alta transmisión linear de energía (linear energy transfer, LET y un alcance de 5-9 µm, destruyendo el tumor. En estudios previos hemos mostrado que la línea celular humana de cáncer indiferenciado de tiroides (ARO tiene una captación selectiva de borofenilalanina (10BPA tanto in vitro como después de ser implantada en ratones NIH nude. También demostramos en estos animales inyectados con BPA e irradiados con un haz de neutrones térmicos, un 100% de control sobre el crecimiento tumoral y un 50% de cura histológica. En trabajos posteriores mostramos que la porfirina 10BOPP tetrakis-carborane carboxylate ester de 2,4-bis-(a,b-dihydroxyethyl-deutero-porphyrin IX cuando es inyectada 5-7 días antes que el BPA se obtiene una concentración tumoral de boro de aproximadamente el doble que el BPA solo (45-38 ppm vs. 20 ppm. La posterior irradiación con neutrones mostró un 100% de remisión completa en animales con tumores cuyo volumen pre-tratamiento era de 50 mm³ o menor. Los perros padecen CIT espontáneo, con un comportamiento biológico similar al humano, y una captación selectiva de BPA, abriendo la posibilidad de su tratamiento por BNCT.Undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma (UTC is an aggressive tumor with a poor prognosis due to the lack of an effective treatment. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT is based on the selective uptake of boron by the tumor and its activation by a neutron beam, releasing lithium-7 and an alpha particle that will kill the tumor cells by their high linear energy transfer (LET. In previous

  15. Biodistribution of a new boron compound for BNCT in an experimental model of oral cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kreimann, Erica L.; Itoiz, Maria E.; Schwint, Amanda E.; Miura, M.; Coderre, J.A.; Garavaglia, Ricardo; Batistoni, Daniel A.

    2000-01-01

    We have proposed and validated the HCP carcinogenesis model of oral cancer, a model that mimics spontaneous malignant transformation, for BNCT research in a separate study. We herein perform a biodistribution study of a lipophilic carborane-containing tetraphenylporphyrin, CuTCPH, in this model. This compound was previously tested in a model of mice bearing subcutaneously transplanted mammary carcinomas. In the present study CuTCPH was administered as a single i.p. injection at a dose of 32 μg/g b.w. (10 μg B/g b.w.) or as 4 i.p. injections over 2 days at a dose of 32 μg/g b.w. per injection. Blood (Bl) and tissue, i.e. tumor (T), precancerous tissue surrounding tumor (P), normal pouch (N), skin, tongue, cheek and palate mucosa, liver, spleen, parotid gland and brain were sampled 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hs post-administration in the single dose protocol and 1-4 days after the last injection in the multidose protocol. Boron (B) analysis was performed by ICP-AES. The maximum ratio of B concentration for the single dose protocol was 32.7:1 for T:N and 31.8:1 for T:Bl. The B value in tumor reached a maximum of 43.8 ppm. However, the mean value of 16 ± 14.3 ppm fell short of therapeutically useful levels. The multidose protocol yielded maximum ratios of 53.33:1 for T:N and 3633.3:1 for T:Bl. The maximum absolute B value in tumor reached 106.40 ppm. The mean value in tumor 3 days post-administration was 68.02 ± 25.02. Absolute and relative maximum and average B values markedly exceeded the therapeutic threshold values. (author)

  16. New Class of Hybrid Materials for Detection, Capture, and "On-Demand" Release of Carbon Monoxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitto-Barry, Anaïs; Lupan, Alexandru; Ellingford, Christopher; Attia, Amr A A; Barry, Nicolas P E

    2018-04-25

    Carbon monoxide (CO) is both a substance hazardous to health and a side product of a number of industrial processes, such as methanol steam reforming and large-scale oxidation reactions. The separation of CO from nitrogen (N 2 ) in industrial processes is considered to be difficult because of the similarities of their electronic structures, sizes, and physicochemical properties (e.g., boiling points). Carbon monoxide is also a major poison in fuel cells because of its adsorption onto the active sites of the catalysts. It is therefore of the utmost economic importance to discover new materials that enable effective CO capture and release under mild conditions. However, methods to specifically absorb and easily release CO in the presence of contaminants, such as water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and oxygen, at ambient temperature are not available. Here, we report the simple and versatile fabrication of a new class of hybrid materials that allows capture and release of carbon monoxide under mild conditions. We found that carborane-containing metal complexes encapsulated in networks made of poly(dimethylsiloxane) react with CO, even when immersed in water, leading to dramatic color and infrared signature changes. Furthermore, we found that the CO can be easily released from the materials by simply dipping the networks into an organic solvent for less than 1 min, at ambient temperature and pressure, which not only offers a straightforward recycling method, but also a new method for the "on-demand" release of carbon monoxide. We illustrated the utilization of the on-demand release of CO from the networks by carrying out a carbonylation reaction on an electron-deficient metal complex that led to the formation of the CO-adduct, with concomitant recycling of the gel. We anticipate that our sponge-like materials and scalable methodology will open up new avenues for the storage, transport, and controlled release of CO, the silent killer and a major industrial poison.

  17. Radiohalogenation of biomolecules. An experimental study on radiohalogen preparation, precursor synthesis, radiolabeling and biodistribution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koziorowski, J.

    1998-01-01

    Radiohalogens are widely used in nuclear medicine, both as tool for diagnostic in vivo imaging, and in radionuclide therapy. This study deals with the use of radiohalogens; separation, precursor synthesis, labeling and biological behavior. The focus is on 211 At and 124 I, the former being a candidate for nuclide therapy and the latter potentially useful for diagnostic imaging and Auger-electron based radiotherapy. For astatine the separation, labeling and some biological behavior is described, and for iodine the latter two. Astatine was separated from an irradiated bismuth target by dry distillation. A novel cryotrap was developed for the isolation of astatine and subsequent synthesis of radiolabeled compounds. 5-[ 211 At]astato-2'-deoxyuridine (AUdR) and N-succinimidyl-4-[ 211 At]astatobenzoate (SAB) were synthesized in 95% respectively 90% radiochemical yields. The former is incorporated into DNA of proliferating cells and can therefore be used as an endoradiotherapeutic agent. The latter is a conjugate for the astatination of proteins. Human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) was tagged with astatine using three approaches: a) direct labeling of native hEGF, b) conjugation with SAB, and c) direct labeling of an hEGF - 7-(3-aminopropyl)-7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborate(1-) conjugate. The overall labeling yields were 3.5% for direct labeling, 44% for SAB and 70% for the hEGF-nido-carborane conjugate. A new route to N-succinimidyl 3- and 4- [ 124 I]iodobenzoate, two reagents for radioiodination of proteins is described affording 90% radiochemical yield. Three radioiodinated analogs of PK11195, 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)isoquinoline-3-carboxyam ide, a peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, were synthesized. All three analogs were obtained in >90% radiochemical yield. Synthesis and application of 5-[ 124 I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine (IUdR) is presented. The closo-dodecaborate anion was evaluated as prosthetic group for radioiodination of

  18. LDL Receptors as Gateways for Intracellular Porphyrin Uptake

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novick, S.; Laster, B.; Quastel, M.

    2004-01-01

    Boronated compounds are currently being studied for possible use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). We found that one of these agents, BOPP (tetrakis-carborane-carboxylate, esters of 2,4-bis (a,b- dihydroxyethyl) deuteroporphyrin IX), could also be labeled with indium (In-BOPP) and, therefore, could also be used potentially to transport high Z atoms into tumor cell DNA for AET (Auger Electron Therapy). In order to assess the uptake of these agents into cells, the role of the LDL receptor in the intracellular accumulation of BOPP and In-BOPP was investigated. Pre-incubation of V-79 Chinese hamster cells in medium containing delipidized fetal bovine serum (FBS) markedly increased the subsequent uptake of intracellular boron transported by both BOPP and In-BOPP when compared with cells that had been pre-incubated with medium containing 10% normal FBS (lipidized). The increased uptake was characterized by elevated levels of receptor, and greater affinity was shown for both BOPP and In-BOPP, although less marked with the latter. Positive cooperativity was demonstrated by sigmoid saturation curves, Scatchard analysis and Hill plots. Increasing the amount of LDL in the incubation medium had a relatively small effect on the total accumulation of either indium or boron atoms inside the cell. Furthermore, chemical acetylation of LDL did not decrease the intracellular uptake of either boron or indium transported by BOPP or In-BOPP. It is thus concluded that BOPP and In-BOPP preferentially enter the cells directly by way of the LDL receptor and that only a small fraction of these molecules are transported into the cells indirectly using serum LDLs as their carriers. These data suggest a novel way of bringing greater amounts of boron and indium (and perhaps other agents) into tissues. Porphyrins can be used to transport different agents into tumor cells because they are tumor affinic molecules. Tumors express a higher number of LDL receptors than do most normal tissues

  19. The influence of hydrogen on the chemical, mechanical, optical/electronic, and electrical transport properties of amorphous hydrogenated boron carbide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nordell, Bradley J.; Karki, Sudarshan; Nguyen, Thuong D.; Rulis, Paul; Caruso, A. N.; Paquette, Michelle M.; Purohit, Sudhaunshu S.; Li, Han; King, Sean W.; Dutta, Dhanadeep; Gidley, David; Lanford, William A.

    2015-01-01

    Because of its high electrical resistivity, low dielectric constant (κ), high thermal neutron capture cross section, and robust chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties, amorphous hydrogenated boron carbide (a-B x C:H y ) has garnered interest as a material for low-κ dielectric and solid-state neutron detection applications. Herein, we investigate the relationships between chemical structure (atomic concentration B, C, H, and O), physical/mechanical properties (density, porosity, hardness, and Young's modulus), electronic structure [band gap, Urbach energy (E U ), and Tauc parameter (B 1/2 )], optical/dielectric properties (frequency-dependent dielectric constant), and electrical transport properties (resistivity and leakage current) through the analysis of a large series of a-B x C:H y thin films grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition from ortho-carborane. The resulting films exhibit a wide range of properties including H concentration from 10% to 45%, density from 0.9 to 2.3 g/cm 3 , Young's modulus from 10 to 340 GPa, band gap from 1.7 to 3.8 eV, Urbach energy from 0.1 to 0.7 eV, dielectric constant from 3.1 to 7.6, and electrical resistivity from 10 10 to 10 15 Ω cm. Hydrogen concentration is found to correlate directly with thin-film density, and both are used to map and explain the other material properties. Hardness and Young's modulus exhibit a direct power law relationship with density above ∼1.3 g/cm 3 (or below ∼35% H), below which they plateau, providing evidence for a rigidity percolation threshold. An increase in band gap and decrease in dielectric constant with increasing H concentration are explained by a decrease in network connectivity as well as mass/electron density. An increase in disorder, as measured by the parameters E U and B 1/2 , with increasing H concentration is explained by the release of strain in the network and associated decrease in structural disorder. All of these correlations in a