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Sample records for carboprost metil parte

  1. A comparative study of efficacy of misoprostol with methyl ergometrine and carboprost in active management of third stage of labour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradnya A. Supe

    2016-05-01

    Conclusions: Misoprostol 800ug per rectally is an effective alternative in the active management of third stage of labor as compared to methyl ergometrine and carboprost. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(5.000: 1525-1531

  2. [The use of carboprost tromethamole for prevention and treatment of postpartal haemorrhage].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milchev, N; Amaliev, G; Amaliev, I; Apiosian, Zh; Mladenova, M

    2011-01-01

    All around the world as well as in Bulgaria postpartal haemorrhage is a main reason of maternal death. The treatment of postpartal haemorrhage of which approximately 70% is caused by hypotony of the uterus is still a challenge for physician-obstetrician. In the following study we have used prostaglandin-Carboprost tromethamole (Prostin 15M) for treatment of this important obstetric pathology. One year investigation which includes 82 patients with hypotony during vaginal delivery or cesarian section. Results showed that the use of Carboprost tromethamole (Prostin 15M) in treatment of hypotony leads to fast and extended contraction of the uterus as well as significantly decreases blood loss and the necessity of haemotrasfusion.

  3. PENGGUNAAN KATALIS PALADIUM DALAM REAKSI ARILASI n-OKTILSILAN DENGAN 2-IODIDA-5-METIL TIOFEN

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    Aldes Lesbani

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan proses arilasi n-oktilsilan dengan 2-iodida-5-metil tiofen mengunakan katalis palladium dengan teknik reaksi kopling untuk mendapatkan variasi senyawa hasil arilasi. Produk hasil arilasi yang terbentuk dimurnikan dengan metode kromatografi kolom silika dengan eluen etil asetat dan dikarakterisasi menggunakan spektroskopi massa, spektroskopi 1H NMR, 13C NMR, dan DEPT-135. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa senyawa yang terbentuk dari hasil arilasi yakni tris(5-metil-2-tiofenoktilsilan yang berupa cairan tak berwarna dengan nilai m/z sebesar 432. Hasil pengukuran menggunakan spektroskopi 1H NMR menghasilkan tujuh proton ekivalen. Pengukuran menggunakan spektroskopi 13C NMR menghasilkan tiga belas karbon ekivalen yang kemudian dikonfirmasi dengan DEPT-135. Hasil karakterisasi menggunakan spektroskopi massa dan spektroskopi NMR (H dan C menunjukkan senyawa hasil sintesis adalah tris(5-metil-2-tiofenoktilsilan.

  4. Sintesis Lauril 12 - Hidroksi Oleoamida melalui Reaksi Amidasi dari Metil Risinoleat dengan.

    OpenAIRE

    Siswanta Kaban

    2007-01-01

    Asam risinoleat yang terdapat dalam minyak jarak dapat dipisahkan dengan kromatografi kolom menggunakan campuran eluen petroleum benzen dan dietil eter ( 19 : 1 v/v ) yang terlebih dahulu dimetanolisis menggunakan katalis KOH sehingga dihasilkan metil ester asam lemak, oleh Siswanta Kaban 06003684

  5. 卡前列甲酯栓预防高危因素剖宫产出血的临床研究%Clinical investigation of carboprost in prevention of risky postpartum hemorrhage in cesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    门敏超

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨在有出血高危因素的剖宫产术中应用卡前列甲酯栓(卡孕栓)是否能有效减少术中及术后出血,了解卡孕栓在预防剖宫产术中术后出血的效果。方法2013年7月-2014年2月在我院产科选择有出血高危因素的剖宫产产妇400例,随机分为卡孕栓+缩宫素组及缩宫素组各200例。卡孕栓组在胎儿娩出后,胎盘娩出前予卡孕栓1 mg舌下含化及缩宫素20单位宫体注射;缩宫素组予缩宫素20单位宫体注射。记录2组术中、产后2 h、产后24 h出血量。结果卡孕栓组术中、产后2 h、产后24 h出血量比缩宫素组显著减少。结论卡孕栓可以有效减少有出血高危因素剖宫产术中术后出血,且用药安全。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of carboprost in prevention of risky intra-operative and postopera-tive bleeding in cesarean section .Methods 400 cases of cesarean section parturients with high postpartum hemorrhage risk were chosen in our hospital from July 2013 to February 2014 and were randomly divided into a carboprost +oxytocin group and a oxytocin group,each with 200 cases.For the carboprost +oxytocin group,sublingual carboprost 1mg and 20 units of oxy-tocin injection were administered after fetus delivery and before placental expulsion .For the oxytocin group ,20 units of oxytocin injection were given .The hemorrhage blood volume was recorded intra-operatively ,2 hours and 24 hours after operation .Re-sults The carboprost +oxytocin group's hemorrhage blood volume was significantly lower than that of the oxytocin group in the above recorded time points .Conclusion Carboprost is proved to be safe and can effectively reduce the risk factors of bleeding after cesarean section .

  6. Ensayo comparativo de tres catalizadores en la producción de metil parabeno

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    Haiver Galeano P.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un estudio experimental para la producción de metil parabeno, se analiza la influencia del tipo y la cantidad de catalizador así como la relación molar en la mezcla reaccionante para esta reacción de esterificación. Se estudian como catalizadores el ácido sulfúrico y dos resinas de intercambio iónico, siendo el ácido sulfúrico el que muestra mayores rendimientos.

  7. 卡孕栓、双氯芬酸钠栓在宫颈癌后装放疗术中镇痛效果的临床分析%Clinical analysis on the analgesic effect of Methyl Carboprost and Diclofenac Sodium for intracavitary brachytherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effects of Methyl Carboprost and Diclofenac Sodium on opening orifice of uterus and pain controlling in patients with uterine cervix cancer (UCC) when receiving intracavitary brachytherapy. Methods: Sixty patients with UCC of stage ⅡA-ⅢB were divided into three groups randomly before receiving the intracavitary brachytherapy:the patients in group A received Methyl Carboprost in the hind fornix of the vagina, group B received Didofenac Sodium in the anus, while group C was the control group. Results: The painlessness rates in groups A, B and C were 89.9%, 91.3%and 36.4%, respectively. The incidences of patients with relaxed uterus cervix in groups A, B and C were 91.7%, 85.9% and 48.9%, respectively. Conclusion: Methyl Carboprost and Diclofenac Sodium are useful in relaxing uterus cervix and pain controlling in patients with UCC when receiving intracavitary brachytherapy.

  8. IN SITU TRANSESTERIFIKASI MINYAK BIJI MAHONI MENJADI METIL ESTER DENGAN CO-SOLVENT THF (TETRAHYDROFURAN

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    Elvianto Dwi Daryono

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian  adalah untuk mengkaji efektifitas penggunaan co-solvent THF pada reaksi transesterifikasi in situ minyak biji mahoni sebagai solusi proses pembuatan biodiesel yang efektif dan efisien. Variabel dan kondisi operasi  meliputi katalis NaOH, kecepatan pengadukan 450 rpm, suhu reaksi suhu kamar, rasio molar minyak:metanol = 1:101,39, rasio molar katalis:minyak = 0,5:1, % FFA minyak 1,42%, kadar air biji 0,8%, waktu reaksi 3, 8, 13, 18, dan 23 menit serta rasio molar minyak:THF 1:47,15, 1:57,85 dan 1:67,85. Biji mahoni yang telah dikeringkan dan dihaluskan ukuran +20/-30 mesh sebanyak 50 gram dimasukkan dalam labu leher tiga yang dilengkapi pendingin balik dan ditambahkan metanol, THF dan katalis NaOH serta dilakukan reaksi sesuai dengan variabel dan kondisi operasi penelitian. Setelah reaksi selesai dipisahkan antara ampas dan filtratnya. Filtrat didistilasi pada suhu ± 70oC dan residu hasil distilasi dimasukkan dalam corong pemisah dan didiamkan selama ± 12 jam agar terbentuk 2 lapisan. Lapisan atas sebagai metil ester kemudian dianalisis konsentrasi metil oleatnya dengan GC. Dari data hasil penelitian didapatkan hasil terbaik pada rasio molar minyak:THF = 1:67,85 dan waktu reaksi 23 menit dengan  konsentrasi metil oleat 59,10% dan yield metil ester 79,69%. Densitas metil ester 0,8791 g/cm3 memenuhi SNI 04-7182-2006 yaitu 0,85 – 0,89 g/cm3. Kata kunci : biodiesel, co-solvent, minyak biji mahoni, transesterifikasi in situ Abstract The purpose of this research was to assess the effectiveness of the use of co-solvent THF for in situ transesterification reaction mahogany seed oil as a biodiesel manufacturing process solutions that effectively and efficiently. Variables and operating conditions include catalyst NaOH, stirring speed of 450 rpm, room temperature the reaction temperature, molar ratio of oil: methanol = 1: 101.39, the molar ratio of catalyst: oil = 0.5: 1, % FFA oil is 1,42%,  moisture content seed of 0

  9. Evidencias de hidrógenos metilénicos gemínales no equivalentes en RMN

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    Jaime Bernal Castillo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Se estudian los espectros de RMP para compuestos del tipo PcSi [OCH(CH2Y2]2 en donde Y = NME2, QEt, NH2 y SH. En cuatro de estas ftalocianinas los protrones metilénicos no son equivalentes. Se demuestra que la agrupación YCH2 CH en los primeros dos derivados constituyen nítidamente un sistema de acoplamiento de espines AMX.

  10. Evidencias de hidrógenos metilénicos gemínales no equivalentes en RMN

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Se estudian los espectros de RMP para compuestos del tipo PcSi [OCH(CH2Y2)]2 en donde Y = NME2, QEt, NH2 y SH. En cuatro de estas ftalocianinas los protrones metilénicos no son equivalentes. Se demuestra que la agrupación YCH2 CH en los primeros dos derivados constituyen nítidamente un sistema de acoplamiento de espines AMX.

  11. 卡前列素氨丁三醇预防前置胎盘产后出血的临床疗效%Clinical effect of carboprost tromethamine injection in the prevention of the postpartum hemorrhage of placenta previa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智卿

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To compare the treatment effect of carboprost tromethamine injection and oxytocin in the treatment of the postpartum hemorrhage of placenta previa. Methods:Eighty-six cases of the pregnant women with placenta previa were selected from Dec. 2012 to Aug 2014 and randomly divided into an oxytocin group with 29 cases, a treatment group (carboprost tromethamine injection) with 30 ones, and a combined group with 27 ones. In the operation, the oxytocin group was given oxytocin 20 u, the treatment group given the carboprost tromethamine injection 250μg, and the combined group given oxytocin 20 u and carboprost tromethamine injection 250μg. The 2 h and 24 h postpartum hemorrhage volume, the incidence of the postpartum hemorrhage, hemostasis time, blood transfusion rate and complications were observed. Results:The postoperative bleeding rate, blood transfusion rate, amount of bleeding after 2 and 24 hours operation, hemostasis time, hysterectomy incidence in the treatment group and the combined group were signiifcantly lower than those in the oxytocin group (P0.05). Conclusion:Carboprost tromethamine injection can effectively reduce the postpartum hemorrhage of placenta previa, the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage, hemostasis time, blood transfusion rate, uterine resection rate, and has less adverse reaction and better effect if combined with oxytocin.%目的:比较卡前列素氨丁三醇与缩宫素治疗前置胎盘产后出血的疗效。方法:选择2012年12月-2014年8月前置胎盘产妇86例,随机分为缩宫素组29例、治疗组(卡前列素氨丁三醇)30例,联合组27例。术中缩宫素组给予缩宫素20 u,治疗组给予卡前列素氨丁三醇250μg,联合组给予缩宫素20 u和卡前列素氨丁三醇250μg,观察产后2 h、24 h出血量、产后出血发生率、止血时间、输血率及并发症等。结果:治疗组和联合组的术后出血率、输血率、术后2 h和24 h出血量、止血时间、子宫

  12. Pengaruh Minyak Atsiri Kapulaga (Amomum cardamomum terhadap Kadar Metil Merkaptan yang Dihasilkan Bakteri Porphyromonas gingivalis (Kajian In Vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuning Wahyu Utami

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Helitosis disebabkan pembentukan senyawa-senyawa sulfur atau Volatile Sulfur Compound (VSC oleh bakteri. Metil merkaptan merupakan komponen VSC yang paling dominan menyebabkan bau pada halitosis. Agen antibakteri digunakan untuk mengatasi halitosis dengan cara menurunkan kadar metil merkaptan yang dihasilkan bakteri. Minyak atsiri kapulaga (Amomum cardamomum diduga memiliki khasiat anti bakteri. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh minyak atsiri kapulaga (Amomum cardamomum terdapat kadar metil merkaptan yang dihasilkan porphyromonas gingivalis. Metode Penelitian: Setiap sumuran pada microplate ditetesi minyak atsiri kapulaga  (Amomum cardamomum konsentrasi minyak atsiri kapulaga 0% (control negatif, 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, 50%. Selanjutnya setiap sumuran yang telah ditetesi minyak atsiri kapulaga berfbagai konsentrasi, kemudian ditetesi suspensi bakteri porphyromonas gingivalis pada media TSB dan diinkubasi anaerob selama 48 jam. Tiap perlakuan menggunakan sampel sebanyak 5 sehingga sumuran yang dibutuhkan sebanyak 25. Setelah itu, semua sumuran ditetesi metionin dan DTNB kemudian diinkubasi anaerob selama 12 jam. Hasil inkubasi tersebut kemudian dilihat absorbansi metil merkaptan dengan microplate reader. Hasil Penelitian: Absorbansi kadar metil merkaptan yang dihasilkan pada minyak atsiri kapulaga 0%, 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, 50% secara berurutan adalah 1,38, 0,217, 0,215, 0,204, 0,196. Minyak atsiri kapulaga (Amomum cardamomum berpengaruh terhadap kadar metil merkaptan yang dihasilkan porphyromonas gingivalis. Terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna antara kelompok minyak atsiri kapilaga konsentrasi 0% sebagai kontrol negatif dengan minyak atsiri kapulaga 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, 50% dan tidak ada perbedaan bermakna antara minyak atsiri kapulaga konsentrasi 6,25%, 12,5%, 25%, 50%. Kesimpulan: minyak atsiri kapulaga (Amomum cardamomum dapat menurunkan kadar metil merkaptan yang dihasilkan bakteri porphyromonas gingivalis. Background

  13. MODELO PARA SIMULAR LA HOMEÓSTASIS NEURONAL DURANTE UN INFLUJO INCREMENTADO DEL CALCIO A TRAVÉS DEL CANAL ASOCIADO AL RECEPTOR IONOTRÓPICO DE GLUTAMATO ACTIVADO POR N-METIL-D-ASPARTATO

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    L. Lareo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Dada la importancia del receptor ionotrópico de glutamato activado por N-Metil-D-Aspartato en los procesos de aprendizaje y la formación de la memoria mediados por el transporte de calcio a través del canal asociado a dicho receptor resulta importante desarrollar modelos que permitan comprender la homeóstasis que le permite a la neurona manejar incrementos en el flujo de dicho catión sin llegar a desarrollar procesos necróticos ni apoptóticos. Este trabajo presenta una sencilla simulación de parte de los procesos metabólicos asociados al receptor como un paso inicial para comprender los mecanismos subyacentes al aprendizaje y memoria.

  14. Encefalite anti-receptor N-metil-D-aspartato na infância

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    Felippe Borlot

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Discutir o diagnóstico diferencial das encefalites além daquelas de etiologia infecciosa, e alertar os pediatras para a possibilidade do diagnóstico de encefalite anti-receptor N-metil-D-aspartato (rNMDA na população pediátrica, destacando suas principais características clínicas. DESCRIÇÃO: Três pacientes apresentaram-se com uma síndrome neuropsiquiátrica inicial seguida de encefalopatia e transtornos de movimento. As características neuropsiquiátricas iniciais se desenvolveram ao longo de dias ou semanas, com mudanças comportamentais, ansiedade, confusão mental e regressão da fala. Em seguida, os pacientes evoluíram com distúrbios de movimento, caracterizados por coreoatetose ou distonia, acometendo a região orofacial e os membros. Após a exclusão das principais causas de encefalite, foram identificados anticorpos anti-rNMDA no soro e no líquido cefalorraquidiano. Não foram detectadas neoplasias durante a investigação etiológica. Os pacientes foram submetidos a imunossupressão, e dois deles tiveram uma recuperação neurológica completa. Um deles ainda apresenta uma postura distônica leve em um dos membros. COMENTÁRIOS: Os sinais clínicos de encefalite anti-rNMDA em crianças são semelhantes aos anteriormente descritos em adultos. Tumores geralmente não são detectados nessa idade. O diagnóstico de encefalite anti-rNMDA deve ser abordado após a exclusão de outras causas de encefalite na infância, como as de origem infecciosa. Pediatras devem estar atentos a essa condição autoimune passível de tratamento.

  15. The application of Carboprost Tromethamine Injection in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage%卡前列素氨丁三醇在治疗产后出血中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锐

    2013-01-01

      目的:观察卡前列素氨三丁醇预防产后出血的疗效.方法:167例有发生产后出血高危因素的患者为研究对象,随机分为试验组和对照组.试验组于胎儿娩出后应用卡前列素氨丁三醇250单位(1支),对照组常规使用缩宫素,分别记录两组研究对象产后2小时阴道出血量、产后24小时阴道出血量、产后5天血红蛋白计数、产后出血的发生率.结果:产后2小时出血量实验组比对照组减少平均126.90ml,产后24小时出血量实验组比对照组减少75.03ml,产后5天血红蛋白试验组比对照组大于5.50g.两组患者的产后出血发生率为3.65%及11.65%,差异有显著性(P<0.01).结论:卡前列素氨三丁醇针用于预防产后出血有显著疗效.%objective: to observe the effect of Carboprost Tromethamine Injection in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. Methods: to select 167 patients with high risk factors of postpartum hemorrhage as the research object and divide them into experimental group and control group randomly. The experimental group were given 250 units of Carboprost Tromethamine Injection after fetal childbirth, the control group were given normal oxytocin, to record the vaginal hemorrhage of 2 hours after delivery ; 24 hours after delivery; to record the hemoglobin count and the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage. Results: the hemorrhage volume in experimental group 2 hours after delivery was 126.90ml lessthan that in the control group. The hemorrhage volume in experimental group was 75.03 ml less than that in the control group 24 hours after delivery, hemoglobin in experimental group was 5.50g more than that in the control group 5 days after delivery, the postpartum hemorrhage rates of the two groups were 3.65% and 11.65%,the difference is significant(P<0.01).Conclusion:Carboprost Tromethamine Injection is effective to prevent postpartum hemorrhage.

  16. Síntese do terc-amil metil éter (TAME sobre zeólitas

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    Gilberto da Cunha Gonçalves

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho foi estudada a síntese do TAME sobre zeólitas USY, H-Mordenita, H-ZSM-5 e H-Beta. As reações foram feitas em um reator batelada, a 80oC e pressão de 10 kgf/cm2, utilizando metanol e isoamilenos reativos (2-metil buteno 1 e 2-metil buteno 2, presentes em um corte C5 de retorno petroquímico mono-hidrogenado. Para efeito de comparação, foram realizados testes utilizando a resina ácida Amberlyst 15 como catalisador. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que a zeólita H-Beta possui conversão de isoamilenos, rendimento e seletividade a TAME comparáveis à da resina Amberlyst 15 e muito superiores às demais zeólitas estudadas, nas condições de reação ora empregadas. Aparentemente, as espécies de alumina extra-rede (ALER altamente dispersas presentes na H-Beta interagem com alguns sítios ácidos de Brönsted da rede, fazendo com que estes tenham a sua força ácida aumentada. Isto, juntamente com a adsorção preferencial de metanol, que solvata o próton formando grandes “clusters” de moléculas de metanol, conduzem à maior atividade observada para a síntese do TAME sobre a H-Beta, quando comparada às outras zeólitas estudadas

  17. 卡前列甲酯治疗产后尿潴留的临床观察%Clinical observation of carboprost methylate in the treatment of postpartum urinary retention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘萍

    2015-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the effect of carboprost methylate in the treatment of postpartum urinary retention, and provide reference for clinical application. METHODS: A total of 100 cases with urinary retention after full⁃term normal delivery in our hospitalwere selected as the observasion object, and were divided into treatment group and control group randomly. The control group received gluteal muscle injection of neostigmine ( 1 mg ) . The treatment group was given one methyl suppository ( 1 mg ) inserted into the anus with 3⁃4 cm depth, and fingers were removed slowly after melt. The first micturition time and abdominal pain remission of patients in two groups were observed and compared after medication. RESULTS: The total effective rate of the treatment group was 92%, and the control group was 72%, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLU⁃SION: It is effective to treat carboprost methylate by methyl suppository, and the effect is better than that of the neostigmine.%目的:探讨卡前列甲酯治疗产后尿潴留的效果,为临床应用提供参考.方法:选取100例在我院住院并足月顺产后出现尿潴留的患者,随机分为治疗组( n=50)和对照组( n=50).对照组遵医嘱由护士经臀部肌注新斯的明1 mg,治疗组则是医生将卡前列甲酯栓1枚(1 mg)塞入肛门,深度为3~4 cm,待药物自然融化后缓慢取出手指.观察并比较两组患者用药后第1次排尿时间及小腹胀痛减轻的情况.结果:治疗组的总有效率为92%,对照组的总有效率为72%,差异具有统计学意义( P<0.05).结论:卡前列甲酯栓塞肛治疗,可取得显著效果,且起效快,其综合效果优于新斯的明.

  18. 5-H¡droxi-2-Metil-1,4-Naftoquinona obtenida de Pera nítida (Benth. Jablonski(Euforbiaceae

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    Luis E. Cuca S.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Del extracto clorofórmico de la corteza del tronco de Pera nítida (Benth. Jablonski se aisló una sustancia amarilla que fue identificada como 5—hidro.x¡-2— metil —1,4—naftoquinona. Esta sustancia es conocida como plumbagina y ha mostrado una destacada acción biológica. La estructura fue deducida con base en los datos espectroscópicos y su presencia en esta especie tiene importancia quimiotaxonómica.

  19. Exposición a metil mercurio de mujeres y niños de comunidades del río Beni con relación a problemas de salud endémicos en el área

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Colloque international dans le cadre de l'ACTION THEMATIQUE INTERDEPARTEMENTALE IRD – U2SIS; RESUMEN: La disponibilidad del mercurio en el medio ambiente ha contaminado el ecosistema de la Amazonia, por lo tanto numerosos estudios han reportado exposiciones a través del consumo de los peces en forma de metil mercurio en niveles dañinos para la gente. Los estudios en Bolivia son escasos. Por este motivo, se planificó un estudio para determinar la importancia de la contaminación por el metil me...

  20. Eficiência e atividade enzimática elicitada por metil jasmonato e silicato de potássio em cana-de-açúcar parasitada por Meloidogyne incognita Efficiency and enzymatic activity elicited by methyl jasmonate and potassium silicate on sugarcane under Meloidogyne incognita parasitism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lílian Margarete Paes Guimarães

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de metil jasmonato e silicato de potássio sobre o parasitismo de Meloidogyne incognita na variedade RB863129 de cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum sp. e a atividade enzimática da peroxidase e β-1,3-glucanase elicitada, em condições de casa de vegetação. Metil jasmonato diminuiu significativamente o número de ovos por grama de raiz, mas não afetou à biomassa da parte aérea da planta. Sete dias após a aplicação, os dois indutores afetaram a atividade de β-glucanase na plantas parasitadas e, aos 14 e 21 dias, promoveram variações significativas nos níveis de peroxidase e β-1,3-glucanase, muito embora, ao contrário da peroxidase, a atividade β-1,3-glucanase não diferiu entre plantas inoculadas e não inoculadas.The present study had as objective to evaluate methyl jasmonate and potassium silicate effect on Meloidogyne incognita parasitism in sugarcane (Saccharum sp. variety RB863129 and peroxidase and β-1,3-glucanase activity elicited, under greenhouse. The effect of Methyl jasmonate and potassium silicate did not affect shoot biomass. Methyl jasmonate and potassium silicate significantly decreased eggs number per gram of roots. Seven days after application, both inducers affected b-glucanase activity in parasited plants and at 14 and 21 days, inducers promoted significant variations in peroxidase e -1,3-glucanase levels in plants under parasitism, although, inversely to peroxidase, β-1,3-glucanase activity did not differ between inoculated and non inoculated plants.

  1. 子宫背带缝合术联合卡前列素氨丁三醇注射液在剖宫产术后出血的应用%Application of uterine strap suture technique combined with carboprost trometamol injection in the hemorrhage after caesarean section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄慧敏

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of uterine strap suture technique combined with carboprost trometa‐mol injection in the hemorrhage after caesarean section . Methods Seventy puerpera with hemorrhage after caesarean section were divided into observation group and control group according to different therapies .The observation group adopted uterine strap suture technique combined with carboprost trometamol injection ,and the control group adopted carboprost trometamol in‐jection .The amount and complications of hemorrhage after caesarean section of two groups were observed . Results After 2 hours of surgery ,the amount of hemorrhage in control group and observation group was (245.69 ± 58.95) mL and (107.06 ± 65.35) mL ;after 24 hours of surgery ,the amount of hemorrhage in control group and observation group was (330.15 ± 61.87) mL and (186.54 ± 60.34) mL respectively .The incidence rate of hemorrhagic shock ,DIC and hysterectomy was 2.86% ,0% , 0% in the observation group ,and 8.57% ,2.86% ,2.86% in the control group respectively .The differences were not statisti‐cally significant (P>0.05) .Conclusion For puerpera with hemorrhage after caesarean section ,the uterine strap suture tech‐nique combined with carboprost trometamol injection can effectively reduce the amount and complications of hemorrhage after caesarean section .However ,it can′t be considered that the uterine strap suture technique combined with carboprost trometamol injection has a better effect in the postoperative haemorrhage than only carboprost trometamol injection .%目的:观察子宫背带缝合术联合卡前列素氨丁三醇注射液在剖宫产术后出血的临床疗效。方法临床纳入剖宫产术后出血产妇70例,根据治疗方案的不同分为观察组与对照组。观察组进行子宫背带缝合术联合卡前列素氨丁三醇注射,对照组仅给予卡前列素氨丁三醇注射。观察两组患者术后出血量及出

  2. Study on Oxytocin Combined with Ice Pack, Misoprostol and Carboprost Methylate Suppositories for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage%催产素联合冰袋、米索前列醇、卡孕栓预防产后出血的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽灵

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To observe the clinical efficacy of oxytocin combined with ice pack, misoprostol or carboprost methylate suppositories for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. [Methods] Totally 312 parturients in our hospital from April 2010 to September 2010 were selected. Among all cases, 177 cases underwent vaginal delivery and 135 cases underwent cesarean section. The vaginal delivery group was divided into 4 groups. Group A was treated with simple oxytocin. Group B was treated with oxytocin combined with ice pack. Group C was treated with oxytocin combined with misoprostol. Group D was treated with oxytocin combined with carboprost methylate suppositories. The cesarean section group was divided into 3 groups. Group E was treated with simple oxytocin. Group F was treated with oxytocin combined with misoprostol. Group G was treated with oxytocin combined with carboprost methyl carboprost suppository. The time of third stage of labor, intraoperative blood loss, the volume of blood loss at 2h and 24h after delivery, the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage, blood pressure and heart rate variation before and after treatment were observed. [Re-sults]In group B, C and D, the third stage of labor was obviously shortened, and the volume of blood loss within 24h and the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage obviously decreased in comparison with group A, and the differences had statistical significance( P <0. 05). Compared with group E, the third stage of labor was shortened, and the volume of blood loss within 2h and 24h after delivery and the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage obviously decreased in group F and G, and the differences had statistical significance( P <0. 05). The fluctuation of blood pressure and pulse in all groups before and after treatment was not significan( P >0. 05). [Conclusion] Oxytocin combined with ice pack, misoprostol or carboprost methylate suppositories can prevent the postpartum hemorrhage. They are safe and worthy of clinical

  3. 卡前列腺素联合高渗晶胶混合液治疗剖宫产宫缩乏力所致术中及术后出血的临床观察%Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Caused by Uterine Inertia during Cesarean Section Using Carboprost Combined with Hypertonic and Hyperoncoctic Solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪彦

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe the effectiveness of carboprost combined with hypertonic and hyperoncoctic solution ( HHS ) in preventing postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine inertia during cesarean section. Methods Totally 94 pregnant women who were undergoing Cesarean section were divided into three groups based on the application of the uterotonics and the fluid infusion : oxytocin and lactated Ringer's group ( oxytocin 20 IU injected into the uterine and oxytocin 10 IU infused intravenously in 250 ml saline. combined with 2000 ml lactated Ringer's infused intravenously ), oxytocin plus lactated Ringer's plus colloid solution group ( oxytocin 20IU injected into the uterine and oxytocin IOIU infused intravenously in 250 ml saline , combined with 1000 ml lactated Ringer's and 1000 ml hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0. 4 , and sodium chloride injection intravenously infused ) and oxytocin plus carboprost plus hypertonic and hyperoncoctic solution group ( oxytocin 20 IU and carboprost 250 μg injected into the uterine, combined with 1000 ml lactated Ringers and 500 ml hypertonic sodium chloride hydroxyethyl starch 40 injection infused intravenously ). The blood pressure, heart rate, volume of blood loss, urine volurue, and other hemodynamic parameters were measured. Results Compared with the oxytocin plus lactated Ringer' s group and the oxytocin plus lactated Ringer's plus colloid solution group, the carboprost plus hypertonic and hyperoncoctic solution group had significantly less intra - operative blood loss, stahler hemodynamics, and less cases required further treatment ( all P <0. 05 ) . Conclusion Carboprost combined with HHS can effectively prevent postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine inertia during Cesarean section by decreasing blood loss and maintaining the hemodynamic stability.%目的 观察卡前列腺素联合高渗晶胶混合液治疗剖宫产宫缩乏力所致出血的效果.方法 94例剖宫产患者,根据促子宫收缩药物使用以

  4. Efecto de la concentración del Metil Paratión y el extracto de levadura como factores de selección de microorganismos degradadores del pesticida a partir de suelos contaminados

    OpenAIRE

    Botero Botero, Liliana Rocío; Nagles Vergara, Nelson; Quintero,Juan Carlos; Peñuela Mesa,Gustavo Antonio

    2014-01-01

    El aislamiento y cultivo de microorganismos con capacidades para degradar loscontaminantes ambientales es importante para implementar planes de biorremediación.En este estudio se evaluó el efecto del extracto de levadura tanto en la capacidadde asimilación microbiana del pesticida organofosforado metil paratión, como en losprocesos de aislamiento de microorganismos útiles para de degradar este pesticida.Los microorganismos evaluados fueron obtenidos de suelo fresco fumigado históricamentecon ...

  5. Clinical Effects of Uterine Packing and Carboprost Tromethamine Injection for Placenta Previa Cesarean Section Patients With Postpartum Hemorrhage%宫腔填纱和卡前列素氨丁三醇注射液用于前置胎盘剖宫产产后出血患者治疗中的临床效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏燕

    2016-01-01

    ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical effect of uterine cavity filing and Carboprost Tromethamine Injection for the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section of placenta.Methods From March 2012 to March 2016,90 cases of postpartum hemorrhage were divided into the observation group and the control group,the patients in our hospital were divided into the observation group and the control group.The control group were treated with uterine cavity filing,and the observation group was treated with uterine cavity filing and Carboprost Tromethamine Injection. The treatment effect was compared.Results In the observation group,the amount of postpartum hemorrhage of 2 h and 24 h hemorrhage were(158.7±15.2)ml、(289.9±11.9)ml,were better than the control group. The difference of the data between the two groups was statisticaly significant(P0.05).Conclusion Uterine cavity filing and Carboprost Tromethamine Injection in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage in placenta and placenta,and the treatment effect is good.%目的:分析宫腔填纱和卡前列素氨丁三醇注射液用于前置胎盘剖宫产产后出血患者治疗中的临床效果。方法将2012年3月~2016年3月我院收治的前置胎盘剖宫产产后出血患者90例作为对象,分为观察组与对照组,对照组给予宫腔填纱治疗,观察组施以宫腔填纱、卡前列素氨丁三醇注射液治疗,对比治疗效果。结果观察组产妇产后2 h出血量、产后24 h出血量分别为(158.7±15.2)ml、(289.9±11.9) ml,优于对照组,两组数据差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);对比两组患者子宫切除情况,观察组与对照组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论宫腔填纱和卡前列素氨丁三醇注射液用于前置胎盘剖宫产产后出血治疗中,治疗效果良好。

  6. Silicato de potássio, acibenzolar-S-metil e fungicidas no controle da ferrugem da soja Potassium silicate, acibenzolar-S-methyl and fungicides on the control of soybean rust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique da Silva Silveira Duarte

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available A produção da soja pode ser afetada pela ocorrência de várias doenças. Dentre estas, a ferrugem, causada pelo fungo Phakopsora pachyrhizi, tem se destacado. Atualmente, novas estratégias de controle para essa doença devem ser pesquisadas. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a eficiência do silicato de potássio (KSi, acibenzolar-S-metil e fungicidas no controle da ferrugem da soja. Um experimento foi conduzido em condições de campo, em delineamento em blocos ao acaso, utilizando-se 10 tratamentos, com três repetições. Foi utilizada a cultivar 'Monarca' por ser suscetível à ferrugem. Os tratamentos utilizados foram: T1 - testemunha (pulverização com água; T2 - KSi (1,2kg ha-1; T3 - KSi (2,4kg ha-1; T4 - KSi (3,6kg ha-1; T5 - KSi (4,8kg ha-1; T6 - tebuconazole (125g de i.a. ha-1; T7 - cloreto de potássio (61,72g L-1; T8 - mancozebe (2400g de i.a. ha-1; T9 - mancozebe (2400g de i.a. ha-1 + KSi (1,2kg ha-1 e T10 - acibenzolar-S-metil (125g de i.a. ha-1. As plantas da bordadura foram inoculadas com uma suspensão de 5x10(5 uredosporos mL-1 no estádio V4 para constituírem fonte de inóculo, para as parcelas centrais. As plantas foram pulverizadas com os produtos que constituíram os tratamentos T2, T3, T4, T5, T7, T8 e T9 nos estádios V5, R1, R4 e R5.4 e os tratamentos T6 e T10 nos estádios R1, R4 e R5.4. As plantas foram pulverizadas com atomizador costal manual de bico cônico empregando-se um volume de calda de 200L ha-1. Foram realizadas cinco avaliações da severidade da ferrugem nos terços inferior, médio e superior das plantas utilizando-se uma escala diagramática variando de 0,6 a 78,5%, e os dados obtidos foram utilizados para calcular a área abaixo da curva do progresso da ferrugem (AACPF. Não houve efeito significativo das doses de KSi na AACPF e severidade máxima (Ymax nos terços inferior, médio e superior das plantas, além da produtividade. Os tratamentos 8, 9 e 10 apresentaram efici

  7. Observation on Efficacy of Improved B-lynch Sutura Combined with Carboprost Tromethamine in Treatment of Postpartum Hemorrhage Caused by Uterine Inertia%改良B-Lynch缝合术联合卡前列素氨丁三醇治疗宫缩乏力性产后出血的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖先绪; 郑红梅

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To investigate the efficacy and safety of improved b-lynch sutura combined with carboprost tromethamine in treatment of postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine inertia .METHODS:102 patients with postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine inertia admitted from Apr .2011 to Apr.2015 were selected to be divided into two groups .Both groups were treated with traditional treatment , and the control group ( 51 cases ) additionally received carboprost tromethamine , the observation group ( 61 cases ) were additionally given improved b-lynch sutura combined with carboprost tromethamine .The efficacy and occurrence of adverse drug reactions were compared between two groups .RESULTS: The mean operative time of observation group was ( 165.3 ±33.2 ) min, significantly shorter than that of control group [ ( 226.5 ±25.4 ) min ] , with statistically significant difference ( P0.05 ) .After treatment , the bleeding rate of postoperative 2 h, hysterectomy rate and hemostatic efficiency of observation group were significantly higher than that of control group , with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05 ) .The incidence of stomachache , ileus and puerperalism of observation group were significantly lower than that of control group , with statistically significant difference (P<0.05).There was no complications of intestinal adhesion in both groups .CONCLUSIONS:The efficacy of improved b-lynch sutura combined with carboprost tromethamine in treatment of postpartum hemorrhage caused by uterine inertia is remarkable , with high safety , which is worthy of application and promotion .%目的:改良B-Lynch缝合术联合卡前列素氨丁三醇治疗宫缩乏力性产后出血的控血效果及安全性。方法:纳入2011年5月—2015年5月收治的102例剖宫产术中发生宫缩乏力的患者,以随机数字表法分为2组。2组患者均给予传统治疗方案,对照组患者(51例)加用卡前列素氨丁三醇,观察组患者(61例)则加用

  8. Intervención sobre la señalización de receptores extrasinápticos y sinápticos de N-metil-Daspartato en la muerte neuronal excitotóxica

    OpenAIRE

    Guirao Salguero, Verónica

    2016-01-01

    [spa] La activación patológica de los receptores N-Metil-D-Aspartato (NMDARs), con la consiguiente desregulación del calcio intracelular, constituye la primera causa de muerte neuronal inducida por la isquemia (Arundine and Tymianski, 2004). Sin embargo, la actividad normal de estos receptores es crucial para la supervivencia y correcta funcionalidad de las neuronas. Lo que determina si la actividad de los NMDARs es neuroprotectora o inductora de muerte excitotóxica es la magnitud de la activ...

  9. UTILIZACIÓN DEL ACRÍLICO DENTAL (metil metacrilato) COMO BARRA ESTABILIZADORA-CONECTORA PARA REDUCCIONES CERRADAS EN FRACTURAS DE TIBIA/PERONÉ O RADIO/CÚBITO EN CANINOS

    OpenAIRE

    Cavero A., Francisco; Fernández A., Víctor; Clínica de Animales Menores, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima-Perú.

    2012-01-01

    El metil metacrilato (mmc) es una resina acrílica utilizada en moldes para fabricar prótesis dentales y puede cumplir la función de barra estabilizadora-conectora en la reducción de fracturas, permitiendo la colocación de clavos en planos múltiples. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo comprobar que el acrílico dental sirve como barra conectora en la fijación externa esquelética, y demostrar que es posible fijar las fracturas con un método poco traumático, alejado del foco fracturario, para...

  10. Efecto del enriquecimiento con nutrientes en la degradación de clorpirifos, malatión y metil paratión Inorganic nutrients effect addition over the chlorpyrifos, malathion and methyl parathion degradation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Upegui

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de evaluar el efecto del enriquecimiento con nutrientes (una sal de fósforo o un fertilizante comercial con N, P y K como alternativa para mejorar la capacidad de degradación de los microorganismos en una matriz sólida, contaminada con los pesticidas organofosforados: clorpirifos, malatión y metil paratión, se realizaron experimentos de cultivo bajo condiciones controladas de oscuridad, temperatura y humedad por 30 días. En todos los tratamientos hubo degradación de los pesticidas; sin embargo, en el tratamiento con fósforo los tiempos para degradar el clorpirifos y el metil paratión fueron mayores. La presencia de los pesticidas no generó efectos tóxicos detectables sobre la microflora en ninguno de los tratamientos evaluados. La actividad biológica de las matrices no presentó una relación directa con la capacidad de degradación.In order to evaluate the effect of inorganic nutrient addition (phosphorus or commercial fertilizer over the microbial degradation capacity present in a solid matrix contaminated with chlorpyrifos, malathion and methyl parathion, microcosms assays were held under controlled conditions of light, moisture and temperature for 30 days. Results showed that even though three treatments microorganisms were able to degrade the three organophosphorus pesticides, microorganisms of phosphorus-enrichment treatment were less efficient to degrade Chlorpyrifos and Methyl Parathion than microorganisms of Fertilizer-enrichment treatment. It was not observed a direct relation between mineralization and microbial pesticides degradation capacity. The microbial activity was not affected by the presence of organophosphorus pesticides.

  11. EFECTO DE LA CONCENTRACIÓN DEL METIL PARATIÓN Y EL EXTRACTO DE LEVADURA COMO FACTORES DE SELECCIÓN DE MICROORGANISMOS DEGRADADORES DEL PESTICIDA A PARTIR DE SUELOS CONTAMINADOS Effect of Methyl Parathion Concentration and Yeast Extract as Factors for Selecting Pesticide Degrading Microorganisms from Polluted Soils

    OpenAIRE

    L. R. Botero; N. Nagles; Quintero, J C; Peñuela, G. A.

    2011-01-01

    El aislamiento y cultivo de microorganismos con capacidades para degradar los contaminantes ambientales es importante para implementar planes de biorremediación. En este estudio se evaluó el efecto del extracto de levadura tanto en la capacidad de asimilación microbiana del pesticida organofosforado metil paratión, como en los procesos de aislamiento de microorganismos útiles para de degradar este pesticida. Los microorganismos evaluados fueron obtenidos de suelo fresco fumigado históricament...

  12. Deficiência da 3-OH-3-metil-glutaril-CoA-liase como causa de coma no período neonatal: relato de caso 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA-lyase deficiency as coma etiology in the neonatal period: case report

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    ERASMO BARBANTE CASELLA

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudamos um paciente que apresentou dois episódios de coma no primeiro mês de vida, com descompensação metabólica, nos quais se observou hipoglicemia e acidose metabólica acentuada, sem cetonúria. O estudo dos ácidos orgânicos urinários demonstrou elevação acentuada de 3-OH-3-metil-glutárico, 3-metil-glutacônico, 3-metil-glutárico e 3-OH-isovalérico. Os sinais e sintomas clínicos associados às alterações metabólicas citadas permitiram o diagnóstico da deficiência da 3-OH-3-metil-glutaril-CoA-liase, entidade de origem autossômica recessiva, passível de ser tratada, como no caso estudado, com dieta hipoproteica, restrita em leucina, hipogordurosa e rica em carboidratos, associada a L-carnitina e evitando-se períodos prolongados de jejum.We report a patient that presented two episodes of coma in the neonatal period, with severe metabolic acidosis and hypoglycemia, without ketosis. The urinary organic acid analysis showed increased amounts of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaric, 3-methylglutaconic, 3-methylglutaric and 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid. The deficiency of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase was diagnosed by the clinical and metabolic features. This disease shows autosomal recessive inheritance and the treatment is done by a diet with restriction of protein (mainly leucine and lipids, high in carbohydrate content, and the avoidance of fasting and carnitine supplementation.

  13. ESTUDIO CINÉTICO DE CICLACIÓN 5-exo DEL CATIÓN RADICAL a-AMONIO DISTÓNICO, a-[N-(3-METIL-3-BUTENIL,N,N-(DIMETIL] AMONIOMETILO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Amalia Ríos

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available La ciclación del catión radical a-amonio distónico análogo a un sistema 5-hexenilo hidrocarbonado con un sustituyente metilo en la posición 5 y generado a partir de yoduro de N-(3-metil-3-butenil, N,N-(dimetil-N-yodometilamonio vía radicales, se estudió cinéticamente usando el método de competencia unimolecular vs. bimolecular. Así, bajo condiciones de pseudo primer orden con el agente reductor y propagador de cadena por radicales, tri-n-butil estaño (n-Bu3SnH e iniciación fotoquímica, se determinó la constante de ciclación como kc = 2,9 x 107, la cual siendo muy alta no deja dudas de la regioselectividad de esta ciclación en la formación de anillos pirrolidínicos sustituidos en la posición 3, con reconocido potencial sintético.

  14. Síntese e caracterização do polímero energético Metil Azoteto de Glicidila (GAP via análises instrumentais Characterization of energetic Methyl Glycidyl Azide Polymer

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    Jairo Sciamareli

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Na área aeroespacial é constante a pesquisa em busca de novos materiais que permitam um melhor desempenho de foguetes, mísseis e explosivos. Entre outros, compostos mais energéticos, de maior estabilidade térmica e/ou química, menos agressivos ao meio ambiente, de menor custo e de mais fácil manuseio. Um destes materiais é o metil azoteto de glicidila (GAP, que pode ser utilizado para produzir propelentes mais energéticos e/ou sem fumaça, bem como composições explosivas de baixa sensibilidade. O GAP foi sintetizado e caracterizado por análises FT-IR, elementar, cromatográfica de permeação de gel e térmica.To obtain more energetic, safe propellants, with improved performance, better mechanical properties and low cost, new materials have been researched and tested. One of these materials is Methyl Glycidyl Azide Polymer (GAP. It can be used to make energetic and/or smokeless propellants as well as composite explosives with low sensitivity. GAP was synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, elemental analysis, gel permeation chromatography (GPC and thermal analysis.

  15. Proteção do cafeeiro contra cercosporiose por acibenzolar-S-metil e proteína harpina Protection of coffee plants against brown eye spot by acibenzolar-S-methyl and harpin protein

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    Diogo Manzano Galdeano

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, em cafeeiro suscetível, a proteção contra a cercosporiose, pela aplicação da proteína harpina e acibenzolar-S-metil (ASM, e avaliar seu efeito na germinação de conídios e crescimento micelial in vitro. No primeiro experimento, cafeeiros tratados com ASM (25, 50, 100, 200 μg mL-1 receberam o inóculo de uma suspensão de conídios de Cercospora coffeicola, e a severidade da doença foi avaliada aos 30 e 60 dias após a inoculação. No segundo experimento, cafeeiros foram aspergidos com harpina (7,5, 15, 30, 60, 120 μg mL-1, tendo-se utilizado o mesmo procedimento. No terceiro experimento, plantas aspergidas previamente com ASM (200 μg mL-1 ou harpina (15 μg mL-1 foram tratadas novamente com esses produtos, aos 30 dias após terem recebido inóculo do patógeno. ASM e harpina protegeram os cafeeiros contra cercosporiose 30 dias após a inoculação com C. coffeicola. Entretanto, 60 dias após a inoculação, apenas o ASM (200 μg mL-1, com uma ou duas aplicações, protegeu as plantas contra C. coffeicola. Os cafeeiros foram protegidos contra cercosporiose, em reaplicação de harpina, 30 dias após o primeiro tratamento com essa proteína. Harpina e acibenzolar-S-metil não inibiram o desenvolvimento micelial nem a germinação in vitro dos conídios do patógeno.The objective of this work was to evaluate the protective effect of harpin protein and acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM against brown eye spot, in coffee plants, and its effect on in vitro conidial germination and mycelial growth of Cercospora coffeicola. In the first assay, plants treated with ASM (25, 50, 100, 200 μg mL-1 received the inoculum of a C. coffeicola conidial suspension, and the disease severity was evaluated 30 and 60 days after inoculation. In the second assay, plants were sprayed with harpin (7.5, 15, 30, 60, 120 μg mL-1 following the same procedure. In a third trial, plants previously sprayed with ASM (200 μg mL-1 or

  16. Control of wheat diseases using phosphites and acibenzolar-s-methyl alone or associated with piraclostrobina + epoxiconazoleControle de doenças do trigo com fosfitos e acibenzolar-s-metil isoladamente ou associados a piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole

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    Olavio Correa Silva

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different sources of phosphite to control leaf rust, powdery mildew, yellow and brown spot in the wheat crop in Palmeira, Paraná state, Brazil. The treatments were: four commercial sources of phosphites (A, B, C and D, applied at 1500 mL ha-1, (applied in rate of active product acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM at 500 mL ha-1 (isolad or association, pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole (fungicide at 400 mL ha-1 and phosphite A with pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole (at 300 mL ha-1, phosphite A with pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole (400 mL ha-1, acibenzolar-S-methyl with pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole (400 mL ha-1 and control (water, . The experimental design adopted was complete randomized blocks with four replications. Regarding diseases, evaluations were done on the determination of severity and the calculation of the area below the curve of the disease progress in the flag leaf and entire plant. Leaf area index, thousand seeds weight, hectoliter weight and yield were also evaluated. Phosphite, independently source, did not act on leaf rust, powdery mildew, yellow and brown spot. The resistance inducer acibenzolar-S-methyl either isolated or associated to other fungicides affected leaf rust and powdery mildew of the wheat. Only phosphites associated to the fungicide controlled diseases, however there was no additional increase in yield whether compared to the control promoted by the fungicide.Foi realizado um experimento no município de Palmeira-PR, visando avaliar o efeito de diferentes fontes de fosfitos no controle da ferrugem da folha, do oídio e das manchas amarela e marrom na cultura do trigo. Os tratamentos foram: quatro fontes comerciais de fosfitos (A, B, C e D aplicados na dose de 1500 mL ha-1 (dose de produto ativo isolado ou associado aos demais produtos, acibenzolar-S-metil (ASM na dose de 500 mL ha-1 (isolado ou associado, piraclostrobina + epoxiconazole (fungicida na dose de 500 mL ha-1

  17. Estudo da influência das características estruturais da hidroxipropil-metil-celulose (HPMC) nas propriedades de superfície de filmes poliméricos, na incorporação e liberação de nicotina

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Lazzarin Marani

    2015-01-01

    A hidroxipropil-metil-celulose (HPMC) é um éter de celulose que possui estrutura variável dependendo da quantidade de grupos metila, apolares, e hidroxipropoxila, polares, inseridos na cadeia polimérica celulósica. A polaridade do polímero é controlada através da quantidade de grupos metila (DS) e de hidroxipropoxila (MS) e afeta as propriedades de filmes poliméricos finos e espessos, além de alterar as características de liberação controlada de princípios ativos (neste caso nicotina) incorpo...

  18. EFECTO DE LA CONCENTRACIÓN DEL METIL PARATIÓN Y EL EXTRACTO DE LEVADURA COMO FACTORES DE SELECCIÓN DE MICROORGANISMOS DEGRADADORES DEL PESTICIDA A PARTIR DE SUELOS CONTAMINADOS Effect of Methyl Parathion Concentration and Yeast Extract as Factors for Selecting Pesticide Degrading Microorganisms from Polluted Soils

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    L. R. Botero

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El aislamiento y cultivo de microorganismos con capacidades para degradar los contaminantes ambientales es importante para implementar planes de biorremediación. En este estudio se evaluó el efecto del extracto de levadura tanto en la capacidad de asimilación microbiana del pesticida organofosforado metil paratión, como en los procesos de aislamiento de microorganismos útiles para de degradar este pesticida. Los microorganismos evaluados fueron obtenidos de suelo fresco fumigado históricamente con este pesticida. Los ensayos se efectuaron con medios sólidos definidos enriquecidos con metil paratión (0-60 mg L-1 y extracto de levadura (0-0.5 g L -1. Se encontró que los microorganismos fueron capaces de asimilar hasta 5 mg L -1 del metil paratión en ausencia de extracto de levadura sin evidenciar efectos tóxicos. La capacidad de asimilación aumentó a 10 mg L-1 en los cultivos enriquecidos con 0.5 g L-1 de extracto de levadura. El extracto de levadura en las dosis usadas no afectó el aislamiento de microorganismos. Sin embargo, el aislamiento por siembra directa en medios enriquecidos con metil paratión como única fuente de carbono se dificultó por el aporte de la materia orgánica del suelo que permitió el crecimiento de cepas tolerantes sin capacidad para degradar el pesticida.Isolation and culture of microorganisms with capacity to degrade environmental pollutants are important for implementing bioremediation plans. This study is an evaluation of the yeast extract effect on both the microbial capacity to assimilate the organo-phosphorous pesticide methyl parathion and the isolation processes of microorganisms useful for degrading this pesticide. Microorganisms evaluated were obtained from fresh soil historically fumigate with this pesticide. Trials were conducted with defined solid means enriched with methyl parathion (0-60 mg L-1 and yeast extract (0-0.5 g L-1. It was found that microorganisms were able to assimilate up to 5

  19. ÍNDICES DE REFRACCIÓN, DENSIDADES Y PROPIEDADES DERIVADAS DE MEZCLAS BINARIAS DE SOLVENTES HIDROXÍLICOS CON LÍQUIDOS IÓNICOS (1-ETIL-3-METILIMIDAZOLIO ETILSULFATO Y 1-METIL-3- METILIMIDAZOLIO METILSULFATO DE 298,15 A 318,15 K

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    Marlon Martínez reina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se midieron densidades e índices de refracciónde mezclas binarias de agua,metanol y etanol con 1-Etil-3-metilimidazolioEtilsulfato (EMIM-EtSO4 y deetanol con 1-Metil-3-metilimidazolioMetilsulfato (MMIM-MeSO4 en el rangode temperatura de (298,15, 308,15 y318,15 K. Se calcularon los volúmenesde exceso molar (VME y la desviación delíndice de refracción (dh, que se ajustarona una ecuación polinomial de Redlich-Kister de orden cuatro.

  20. Segregação mitótica induzida pelo edulcorante L-Aspartil-L-Fenilalanina-Metil-Ester (aspartame) em células diplóides de Aspergillus nidulans - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v25i1.2121 Mitotic segregation induced by edulcorant l-aspartyl-l-phenylalanine-metyl-ester (aspartame) in diploid cells of Aspergillus nidulans - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v25i1.2121

    OpenAIRE

    Marialba Avezum Alves Castro Prado; Munif Gebara; Carmem Boto Querol; Josil Santos Gebara

    2003-01-01

    O presente trabalho demonstra o efeito recombinagênico do edulcorante artificial L-Aspartil-L-Fenilalanina-Metil-Ester (aspartame), amplamente utilizado em dietas hipocalóricas e de baixo consumo de glicose. Este efeito pode refletir respostas celulares a danos genéticos induzidos pelo edulcorante artificial, no período G2 do ciclo celular e demonstra sua capacidade de induzir homozigose de genes recessivos previamente presentes em heterozigoseThis study aims to verify the recombinogenic effe...

  1. AUTOMATIC AND DIRECT MICROSCOPIC SOMATIC CELLS COUNT OF LACAUNE DAIRY SHEEP, USING THE ROSENFELD AND METHYL GREEN-PIRONIN STAINS CONTAGEM AUTOMÁTICA E MICROSCÓPICA DIRETA DAS CÉLULAS SOMÁTICAS DO LEITE DE OVELHAS DA RAÇA LACAUNE, UTILIZANDO COMO CORANTES O ROSENFELD E VERDE DE METIL E PIRONINA-Y

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    Viviani Gomes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the present study were the analysis of cell counts, the comparison between different methods for counting cells and the quantification of different types of cells observed in the milk of Lacaune sheep, using automatic somatic cell counts (SCC and direct microscopic SCC. Milk smears were stained with methyl green-pyronin-Y and Rosenfeld stain. Mean of  automatic cell counts was 0.145 x106 cells/mL of milk, and mean of direct microscopic counts using methyl green-pyronin-Y and Rosenfeld were respectively 0.157 and 0.193 x106 cells /mL of milk. Samples used in direct microscopic counts were evaluated according to the different types of cells and the following results were recorded: 0.094 and 0.14 x106 mononuclear cells /mL, 0.063 and 0.051 x106 polymorphonuclear cells /mL of milk using methyl green-pyronin-Y and Rosenfeld stain, respectively. It may be concluded that there were differences in the methods used for counting cells. The number of cells recorded was lower when methyl green-pyronin-Y and automatic counts were used, compared with direct microscopy using Rosenfeld stain.

    KEY WORDS: somatic cells and cytology, lacaune, milk, sheep.
    O presente estudo teve como objetivo a análise da celularidade, a comparação dos diferentes métodos de contagem celular e a quantificação dos diferentes tipos celulares presentes no leite de ovelha da raça Lacaune através da contagem de células somáticas (CCS automática e da CCS microscópica. Coraram-se os esfregaços lácteos com os corantes verde de metil e pironina-Y e Rosenfeld. O valor mediano da contagem celular automática foi de 0,145 x106 células/mL de leite, e os valores das contagens microscópicas diretas utilizando verde de metil e pironina-Y e Rosenfeld foram respectivamente de 0,157 e 0,193 x106 células/mL de leite. Avaliaram-se as amostras destinadas às contagens microscópicas diretas de acordo com os diferentes tipos celulares, encontrando-se os

  2. Assessment of methyl methacrylate vapor toxicity on the rat tracheal epithelium Análise da toxicidade dos vapores de metil metacrilato sobre o epitélio traqueal de ratos

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    José Luiz Santos Parizi

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Methyl methacrylate (MMA is a monomer that is polymerized into resin by light and heat, producing a clear, resistant, durable and relatively inert plastic material. Because of these characteristics, MMA is largely used in Medicine as bone cement and in Dentistry, in dental braces and prostheses, thus generating continuous interest in its toxicity. Experimental and clinical studies have documented that monomers may cause a wide range of adverse health effects. The most important occupational exposure route of MMA is by inhalation. This study aims to evaluate the toxicity of MMA to the tracheal epithelium, according to the time of exposure. For this purpose, two experimental groups of rats were exposed to MMA by inhalation under poor ventilation: one group (n = 36 was exposed permanently, and the other (n = 36 was exposed during 8 hours per day, without water and food supply during the exposure period. A control group (n = 8 received normal air supply. Twelve animals of each study group were sacrificed after 5, 8 and 10 days of exposure together with two or four control animals. Twenty-nine (80.5% of the rats continuously exposed to MMA developed inflammation on the tracheal epithelium, as well as 58.33% (n = 21 of those exposed 8 h/day and 87.5% (n = 7 of the control rats. No association was observed between the inflammatory process and MMA exposure; no significant alterations in the tracheal epithelium thickness were observed. Further studies on longer exposure times and analysis of other parameters will have to be conducted to exclude the possibility of tracheal damage by vapors of MMA.O metil metacrilato (MMA é um monômero que se polimeriza em resina pela ação da luz e do calor, transformando-se em plástico claro, resistente e durável, relativamente inerte. Por apresentar tais características, o MMA tem sido muito usado na Medicina, como cimento ósseo, e na Odontologia, em aparelhos e próteses dentais, o que tem suscitado interesse na

  3. UTILIZAÇÃO DO ADESIVO METIL-2-CIANOACRILATO E FIO DE NÁILON NA REPARAÇÃO DE FERIDAS CUTÂNEAS DE CÃES E GATOS UTILIZATION OF THE METHYL-2-CYANOACRYLATE ADHESIVE AND THE NYLON SUTURE IN SURGICAL SKIN WOUNDS OF DOGS AND CATS

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    Vanja Andrade Gueiros

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar e comparar clínica e histologicamente o uso do adesivo metil-2-cianoacrilato e do fio de náilon na reparação de feridas cirúrgicas de pele, foram utilizados cinco cães e cinco gatos adultos, clinicamente sadios. Seguindo o protocolo anestésico e cirúrgico habitual para cada espécie, foram feitas cinco incisões na pele da região costal do lado esquerdo e cinco do lado direito, com aproximadamente dois centímetros de comprimento. As feridas cirúrgicas do lado direito foram suturadas com fio de náilon cirúrgico 3-0 e as do lado esquerdo foram aproximadas e fixadas com o metil-2-cianoacrilato em ambas as espécies. Os animais foram submetidos a avaliações clínicas a cada três dias. Foram retirados fragmentos de pele para realização de biopsias aos três, seis, nove, doze e quinze dias após a cirurgia. Os resultados obtidos, tanto em cães quanto em gatos, não revelaram diferença clínica ou histológica entre os tratamentos utilizados.The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare clinically and histologically the use of methyl-2-cyanoacrylate adhesive versus the nylon's suture in skin wounds closure. There were five adult mongrel dogs and cats, clinically healthy used. Following anaesthetical routine and surgical protocol, five incisions were made in the left costal region, and other five in right costal region, about 2cm in length, in both especies. The right side costal wounds were sutured with surgical nylon 3-0, and in the left side costal wounds methyl-2-cyanoacrylate was applied, in both species. The animals were submitted to clinical evaluation every three days, and a biopsy was realized at three, six, nine, twelve and fifteen days after the surgery. In both species, the results did not show any clinical or histologic difference when comparing the used treatments.

  4. Una experiencia en la utilización de metil celulosa en la rotulación de libros para su reordenación en la estantería: An Experience Use of Methyl Cellulose as Mild Glue in the Labeling of Books for Re-shelving

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    Ivalú Ramírez Ibarra

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Se exponen los resultados y conclusiones de una experiencia con el uso de metil celulosa como adhesivo para rotular libros. Los objetivos de la misma fueron buscar una alternativa a la utilización de etiquetas autoadhesivas y cinta adhesiva, así como empezar a desarrollar políticas de conservación para la biblioteca del INIBI de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la UBA. Fue realizada durante el año 2009 dentro del proyecto de reordenamiento de la colección general de dicha biblioteca.The purpose of this paper is to show the results and conclusions with the use of methyl cellulose as an adhesive in the labeling of books. The experience was aimed to identify options to adhesive tape and stickers in the labeling of books, as well as to start the development of the Library's preservation policies for re-shelving the Library´s general collection of the Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliotecológicas (Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires during 2009.

  5. Segregação mitótica induzida pelo edulcorante L-Aspartil-L-Fenilalanina-Metil-Ester (aspartame em células diplóides de Aspergillus nidulans - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v25i1.2121 Mitotic segregation induced by edulcorant l-aspartyl-l-phenylalanine-metyl-ester (aspartame in diploid cells of Aspergillus nidulans - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v25i1.2121

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marialba Avezum Alves Castro Prado

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho demonstra o efeito recombinagênico do edulcorante artificial L-Aspartil-L-Fenilalanina-Metil-Ester (aspartame, amplamente utilizado em dietas hipocalóricas e de baixo consumo de glicose. Este efeito pode refletir respostas celulares a danos genéticos induzidos pelo edulcorante artificial, no período G2 do ciclo celular e demonstra sua capacidade de induzir homozigose de genes recessivos previamente presentes em heterozigoseThis study aims to verify the recombinogenic effect of artificial edulcorant l-aspartil-l-phenylalanine-metyl-ester (aspartame, widely used in hypocaloric and low-glucose diets. Such effect may reflect cell response to genetic damage, induced by artificial edulcorant in the cell cycle G2 period and shows its capacity to induce homozygosis of recessive genes, previously present in heterozygosis

  6. Estudo da polimerização do 2-metil, 1,3-butadieno via catalisadores lantanídicos: influência do tipo de alquilalumínio, da temperatura reacional e da concentração do catalisador Polymerization of 2-methyl, 1,3-butadiene via lanthanides catalysts: influence from the type of alkylaluminum, concentration and reaction temperature and catalyst

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    André L. C. Simões

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Os catalisadores lantanídicos são muito eficientes na polimerização estereoespecífica de dienos, principalmente aqueles à base de neodímio. Neste trabalho será apresentado o estudo da polimerização do 2-metil, 1,3-butadieno com catalisadores à base de neodímio, utilizados comercialmente na polimerização do 1,3-butadieno. Foi estudado o efeito da temperatura, do tipo de alquilalumínio e da concentração de catalisador. As reações foram realizadas em reator de aço inox sob atmosfera inerte, usando como solvente o hexano e uma concentração de 2-metil, 1,3-butadieno de 12%. Foram obtidos polímeros com massas molares na faixa de 1,0 a 1,5 × 105 e teor de unidades repetitivas cis em torno de 97%.The rare earth metals catalysts are very efficient in stereospecific polymerization of dienes, especially those of neodymium. This paper reports on the polymerization of 2-methyl, 1,3-butadiene with catalysts of neodymium, used commercially in polymerization of 1,3-butadiene. Effects were studied from the temperature, type of alkylaluminum, and from the concentration of catalyst. The reactions were carried out in a stainless steel reactor under an inert atmosphere, using hexane as the solvent and a concentration of 12% of 2-methyl, 1,3-butadiene. Polymers were obtained with molecular weight from 1.0 to 1.5 × 105, with ca. 97% of cis repeating units.

  7. 绝经期妇女应用卡孕栓配合 B 超监视下取环与传统取环术的手术质量分析%Analysis of operation quality of menopausal women with carboprost combined with B ultrasound monitoring ring and traditional ring extraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃碧芳; 邓志贤; 成志

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨绝经期妇女应用卡孕栓(通用名:卡前列甲酯栓)配合B超监视妇科手术仪引导下施行绝经期取环术取环与传统取环术的手术质量是否不同。方法应用回顾性分析的方法,分析我院门诊380例绝经期取环妇女临床资料,根据受术者意愿分为观察组(260例)和对照组(120例),观察组取环前1小时于阴道后穹隆放置卡前列甲酯栓1 mg,术中全程B超监视妇科手术仪引导下施行取环术,对照组采用传统取环术。比较两组在宫颈松弛情况、手术时间、术中出血量、取环成功率及术后阴道流血时间等方面的手术质量差异。结果观察组取环成功率高(99.23%)、宫颈松弛情况良好、术中出血量少、手术时间及术后阴道流血时间短、并发症发生率低,两组比较差异均有统计学意义(P≤0.05)。结论卡前列甲酯栓软化宫颈效果明显,在全程联合B超监视下实施操作,可避免盲目性,大大地缩短了手术时间,提高一次取环成功率,减轻受术者痛苦,减少术中出血量及术后阴道流血时间,避免并发症的发生,因此,观察组手术质量明显优于传统取环组,具有较高的临床应用价值。%Objective To investigate the Carprost ( generic name methyl carprost suppository) under the guidance of B ultrasound device in the gynecological extraction of Intrauterine device ( IUD ) surgery among menopause patients compare with traditional IUD extract surgery to value its clinical application.Methods Applied the methods of retrospective analysis to analyze 380 cases of our hospital outpatient postmenopausal women who taking part in clinical data.Divided them into two groups, including control group (260 cases, under the guidance of B ultrasound device in gynecological extraction of IUD surgery group) and the observation group (120 cases, traditional surgery group).Compare two group

  8. LIQUID CULTURE FOR ISOLATING MICROORGANISMS WITH POTENTIAL TO DEGRADE METHYL PARATHION FROM AGRICULTURAL SOILS AND ORGANIC WASTE CULTIVO LÍQUIDO PARA AISLAR MICROORGANISMOS CON POTENCIAL PARA DEGRADAR METIL PARATIÓN A PARTIR DE SUELOS AGRÍCOLAS Y RESIDUOS ORGÁNICOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. R. Botero

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The search for microorganisms with high capacity for pesticide degradation is a very interesting attempt to approach bioremediation strategies in order to prevent contamination. This study evaluates the potential of agricultural soils and solid organic waste cultures microbial isolation as a strategy for screening microorganisms with potential for Methyl parathion (MP degradation. For the study, microbial consortia were recovered from the liquid fraction of suspension cultures of agricultural soils and solid organic waste. Then, the MP degradation ability and its toxic effect on microbial activity were determined during microbial incubations under laboratory controlled conditions. The results showed that it is not possible to recover the active microorganisms that have potential to degrade the MP from the agricultural soils. However, an active consortium that would degrade both MP and its degradation products was isolated from the organic solid waste.La búsqueda de microorganismos con alta capacidad de degradación de los plaguicidas es un intento muy interesante de acercarse a las estrategias de biorremediación con el fin de evitar la contaminación. Este estudio evalúa el potencial del cultivo de microorganismos de suelos agrícolas y de residuos sólidos orgánicos como una estrategia para la detección de microorganismos con potencial para el metil paratión (MP la degradación. Para el estudio, consorcios microbianos fueron recuperados de la fracción líquida de los cultivos en suspensión de los suelos agrícolas y los residuos sólidos orgánicos. La capacidad de degradación de la MP y su efecto tóxico sobre la actividad microbiana se determinó durante las incubaciones de los microorganismos en condiciones controladas de laboratorio. Los resultados mostraron que no es posible recuperar los microorganismos activos que tienen potencial para degradar el MP de los suelos agrícolas. Sin embargo, un consorcio activo que degradar

  9. Encefalitis aguda mediada por anticuerpos contra el receptor ionotrópico de glutamato activado por N-metil-D-aspartato (NMDAR: análisis de once casos pediátricos en Argentina (Premio Benito Yelín

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    Elisa Pérez

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Las encefalitis son procesos inflamatorios de diverso origen, entre las cuales se incluyen las autoinmunes. La identificación de anticuerpos contra el receptor N-metil-D-aspartato permitió la caracterización clínico-inmunológica de una entidad susceptible a tratamiento inmunomodulador. Descripta originalmente en mujeres jóvenes, asociada a teratoma de ovario, es hoy una entidad reconocida en niños aun en ausencia de tumores detectables. El objetivo del trabajo, realizado a través de la revisión de historias clínicas, fue describir las características clínicas, evolutivas y los hallazgos en estudios complementarios de once niños con diagnóstico confirmado de esta entidad a través de la identificación de los anticuerpos específicos. Todos debutaron con síntomas psiquiátricos, en nueve de ellos asociando a convulsiones, y dos a movimientos extrapiramidales. En su evolución, todos presentaron compromiso del lenguaje, nueve, síntomas autonómicos graves, en uno con hipoventilación y requerimientos de ARM. La RM de cerebro fue anormal en tres. Ocho tuvieron EEG con asimetría del voltaje y/o amplitud, tres de ellos presentaron espigas. En el LCR seis tuvieron pleocitosis y tres de siete bandas oligoclonales positivas. Cinco, serologías IgM para micoplasma. El aumento de CPK en coincidencia con antipsicóticos ocurrió en cinco. Con el tratamiento inmunomodulador, cinco tuvieron recuperación total, tres, alteraciones conductuales/cognitivas y uno déficits severo. Un paciente resolvió su cuadro clínico sin tratamiento. En ninguno se detectó tumor asociado. Concluimos que frente a un niño con encefalopatía aguda y clínica compatible con esta entidad, una vez descartada causa infecciosa, se debe comenzar tratamiento inmunomodulador precozmente, evitar la utilización de fármacos antipsicóticos y realizar la búsqueda de posibles tumores ocultos.

  10. Hidrogenación de Metil Oleato con Catalizadores de Ru-Sn/Al2O3: Método Sol-gel vs. Impregnación Hydrogenation of Methyl Oleate over Ru-Sn/Al2O3 Catalysts: Sol-gel Method vs. Impregnation Method

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    David A Echeverri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se evalúa el efecto del método de preparación, sol-gel e impregnación, sobre la conversión y selectividad a alcohol oleílico en la hidrogenación de metil oleato comercial con catalizadores de Ru-Sn/Al2O3 a 270ºC y 5 MPa. Los catalizadores se caracterizaron mediante SEM con EDS, TPR, DRX y área superficial por adsorción de nitrógeno. Con el método sol-gel se logró una alta dispersión de los metales en el soporte, sin embargo los catalizadores sintetizados por ese método presentaron menor reducibilidad. Para ambos métodos se encontró una relación óptima Sn/Ru que permitió obtener mayor porcentaje de alcohol insaturado. En el caso del método de impregnación esta relación fue 2 y en el del sol-gel fue 1. No obstante con el método de impregnación se obtuvo mayores conversiones y mayor selectividad hacia el alcohol insaturado que con el sol-gel para la relación optima Sn/Ru.In this work, the effect of the preparation method (sol-gel vs. impregnation over conversion and selectivity to oleyl alcohol in the hydrogenation of methyl oleate over Ru-Sn/Al2O3 catalysts at 270ºC and 5 MPa was evaluated. The catalysts were characterized by SEM-EDS, TPR, XRD and surface area by nitrogen adsorption. The sol-gel method produced high dispersion of metals in the support, however catalysts prepared by sol-gel method were less reducible. For both methods an optimum Sn/Ru atomic ratio that allowed higher percentage of unsaturated alcohol was found. For the impregnation method this atomic ratio was 2 and for sol-gel method was 1. However, higher conversions and higher selectivity toward the oleyl alcohol were obtained with the impregnation method, using the optimum atomic ratio,

  11. Reaksi Asetilasi Eugenol Dan Oksidasi Metil ISO Eugenol

    OpenAIRE

    Rumondang Bulan

    2004-01-01

    Minyak daun cengkeh dihasilkan dari daun-daun cengkeh yang telah jatuh dengan destilasi uap. Disamping mengandung dua komponen utama yaitu eugenol dan karyofillen, Oleh RUMONDANG BULAN kimia-rumondang

  12. PERUBAHAN SINTESIS DNA HASIL INDUKSI METIL METAKRILAT PADA KULTUR JARINGAN

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    I. G. A. Wahju Ardani

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Methyl methracrylate (MMA is used widely for basic material in dental clinics. One of them is cold curing resin acrylic for orthodontics removable appliance. MMA is potentially to have the character to irritate and give an allergic reaction to oral mucous. Previous study showed that MMA have an effect on mitchondrial dehydrogenase repithelial cells by losing its hydrogen and tight on this enzyme. The influence of cold curing resins acrylic on DNA synthesis of oral mucous epithelial is not known until at present. The purpose of this in-vitro study is to examine the DNA synthesis of fibroblast cells BHK-21 induced MMA. The result of this study is to increase the DNA synthesis from the cell culture induced MMA monomer at an incubation time of 12 and 18 hours. Toxicity of MMA was proved to increase DNA synthesis because DNA has a more sensitive effect as a toxic material may cause a deviation of oral mucous.

  13. Desenvolvimento de Pantoea agglomerans em diversas temperaturas, pH e concentrações de carboxi-metil-celulose e o seu impacto no controle de Rosellinia necatrix Development of Pantoea agglomerans under different temperatures, pH and carboximethyl cellulose rates and their effect on Rosellinia necatrix control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdirene Camatti-Sartori

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Rosellinia necatrix Prill induz a podridão branca da raiz da macieira, doença que causa severa perda em pomares localizados no sul do Brasil. O manejo da doença é principalmente preventivo e inclui o uso de porta-enxertos resistentes e a fumigação do solo. A proteção das mudas de macieiras antes do plantio com um isolado antagonista de Pantoea agglomerans foi recentemente proposto para reduzir a incidência da doença. Os objetivos desta pesquisa foram caracterizar o relacionamento entre o patógeno e a bactéria antagonista; a produção de metabólitos biológicamente ativos pelo isolado bacteriano e a sua ação sobre o patógeno; o efeito do pH, da temperatura e de carboxi-metil-celulose (CMC sobre o crescimento do antagonista e do patógeno, isolados ou não e no controle da doença. Os resultados demonstraram que o crescimento de P. agglomerans foi maior em pH 5,5 e 6,0 e nas temperaturas de 20 °C e 30 °C. O crescimento micelial de R. necatrix foi inibido em meio de cultura e previamente colonizado pelo antagonista e com CMC nas concentrações de 0,25 e 0,5 %. A proteção das macieiras da infecção por R. necatrix foi observada quando utilizadas as concentrações de 10(7; 10(8 e 10(9 cel/mL e nas diferentes concentrações de CMC. Maior desenvolvimento radicular das macieiras foi constatado em todas as concentrações de CMC quando usada a concentração de 10(9 cel/mL. A formulação de P. agglomerans com CMC tornará possível a incorporação desta estratégia de controle ao manejo integrado da podridão branca das raízes da macieira no Sul do Brasil.Rosellinia necatrix Prill induces the white root rot of apple, a disease that causes severe losses in orchards located in Southern Brazil. The management of the disease is mostly preventative and include usage of less susceptible rootstocks and soil fumigation. Protection of nursery apple trees before planting with an antagonistic bacterium Pantoea agglomerans was recently

  14. Comportamento pós-colheita de frutos de morangueiro após a aplicação pré-colheita de quitosana e acibenzolar-S-metil Post harvest behavior of strawberry fruits after pre harvest treatment with chitosan and acibenzolar-S-methyl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Miguel Mazaro

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available O uso de indutores de resistência em plantas representa um método alternativo e promissor no controle de podridões pós-colheita de frutos. Assim sendo, foi conduzido um experimento na Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná - Câmpus Dois Vizinhos - PR, no ano de 2004, com objetivo de avaliar a aplicação pré-colheita de quitosana e acibenzolar-S-metil (ASM sobre o comportamento pós-colheita de frutos de morangueiro da cultivar Aromas. O efeito da aplicação de quitosana (0,5; 1,0 e 2,0% e de uma dose de ASM (0,0025% foi verificado em relação à testemunha (água destilada e ao tratamento-controle com aplicação de fungicidas. A aplicação na pré-colheita de quitosana, nas três doses avaliadas, retardou a maturação dos frutos, manteve maior firmeza de polpa e acidez titulável e diminuiu a perda de massa. Esses tratamentos também diminuíram a produção de etileno, o teor de açúcares redutores e mantiveram mais elevado os teores de polifenóis totais. A aplicação de quitosana, nas três doses avaliadas, induziu maior resistência das plantas a patógenos, resultando na diminuição de podridão dos frutos em pós-colheita. No entanto, a concentração de 2% de quitosana causou dano aos frutos na pós-colheita, elevando a taxa respiratória e o teor de açúcares redutores. O ASM teve efeito na retenção da acidez titulável e na redução de podridões, similar ao tratamento com fungicidas. A aplicação de quitosana e ASM na pré-colheita não interferiu na qualidade organoléptica dos frutos em pós-colheita.The use of inductors of resistance in plants represents an alternative and a promising method to control fruit rots at post harvest. The experiment was carried out at Federal Technological University of Paraná - Dois Vizinhos - Campus, during 2004 with the objective to evaluate the induction of chitosan resistance and acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM on strawberry plants. The treatments compared the effect of chitosan

  15. Catabolism of caffeine and purification of a xanthine oxidade responsible for methyluric acids production in Pseudomonas putida L Catabolismo de cafeína e purificação de xantina oxidase responsável pela produção de ácidos metilúricos em Pseudomonas putida L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirce Mithico Yamaoka-Yano

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Caffeine catabolism and a xanthine oxidase involved in the alkaloid breakdown were studied in Pseudomonas putida L, a strain displaying high ability to grow on this substrate. Cells cultured with unlabelled caffeine and 14C labeled caffeine and xanthine showed that this alkaloid was broken-down via theobromine/paraxanthine -> 7-methylxanthine -> xanthine -> uric acid -> allantoin -> allantoic acid. Methyluric acids were formed from the oxidation of theobromine, paraxanthine and 7-methylxanthine, although no bacterial growth was observed on these compounds, indicating that this might be due to a wide substrate specificity of xanthine oxidase. This was confirmed by activity staining in PAGE where activity was observed with theophylline and 3-methylxanthine, which are not involved in the alkaloid breakdown. A single band of activity was detected without addition of NAD+, showing an oxidase form of the enzyme. The enzyme optimum temperature and pH were 30oC and 7.0, respectively. The determined Km was 169 µM, and the pI 3.1 - 4.0. The molecular weight determined by side by side comparison of activity staining of the enzyme in PAGE and PAGE of BSA was 192 kDa, which was coincident with the sum (198.4 kDa of three subunits (71, 65.6 and 61.8 kDa of the purified protein.O catabolismo de cafeína e a enzima xantina oxidase, envolvida na sua degradação, foram estudados em Pseudomonas putida L, uma linhagem com alta capacidade para utilizar este substrato como fonte de energia. Células crescidas na presença de cafeína e xantina marcadas com 14C, e cafeína não marcada, mostraram que este alcalóide foi degradado via teobromina/paraxantina -> 7-metilxantina -> xantina -> ácido úrico -> alantoína -> ácido alantóico. Ácidos metilúricos foram formados a partir de teobromina, paraxantina e 7-metilxantina, embora nenhum crescimento bacteriano ter sido observado quando estes compostos foram usados como substratos, indicando que a xantina oxidase

  16. Body parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayiter, Elif

    2010-01-01

    In this project, the artist wishes to examine corporeality in the virtual realm, through the usage of the (non)-physical body of the avatar. An art installation created in the virtual world of Second Life, which is meant to be accessed with site specific avatars, will provide the creative platform whereby this investigation is undertaken. Thus, "body parts" seeks to challenge the residents of virtual environments into connecting with the virtual manifestations, i.e., avatars of others in an emotionally expressive/intimate manner.

  17. Part two

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mads Pagh; Kær, Søren Knudsen; Korsgaard, Anders

    2008-01-01

    A novel micro combined heat and power system and a dynamic model thereof were presented in part one of the publication. In the following, the control system and dynamic performance of the system are presented. The model is subjected to a measured consumption pattern of 25 Danish single family...... houses with measurements of heat, power and hot water consumption every 15th minute during one year. Three scenarios are analyzed ranging from heat following only (grid compensation for electricity) to heat and power following with net export of electricity during high and peak load hours. Average...

  18. Steroids Update, Part 1 and Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Calvin; Duda, Marty

    1986-01-01

    Part 1 of this two-part article describes the views of a physician who believes that athletes who want to take steroids are best protected by receiving a prescription and monitoring. Part 2 discusses the more general view of physicians that steroids should not be prescribed but perhaps should be monitored. (MT)

  19. Custo adaptativo da indução de resistência em feijoeiro mediada pela rizobactéria Bacillus cereus ou acibenzolar-S-metil: atividade de enzimas, síntese de fenóis e lignina e biomassa Fitness cost of induced resistance in bean plants by the rhizobacteria Bacillus cereus or acibenzolar-S-methyl: enzymes activities, phenol and lignin synthesis, and biomass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odair José Kuhn

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Plantas que utilizam recursos para defesa na ausência de pragas ou patógenos, arcarão com custos energéticos que podem refletir na sua produtividade. Assim, teve-se por objetivo avaliar os custos adaptativos da indução de resistência, antes da chegada do patógeno, em feijoeiro induzido por um indutor biótico (Bacillus cereus e um abiótico (acibenzolar-S-metil, ASM, em 2, 3 ou 4 aplicações distribuídas ao longo do ciclo da cultura. Avaliou-se o efeito protetor contra a bactéria Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli, além da atividade de peroxidase, quitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, síntese de lignina, fenóis e crescimento com base na matéria seca. Observou-se que os indutores protegeram a cultura contra X. axonopodis pv. phaseoli com base na redução da severidade. O ASM aumentou a atividade de peroxidase, quitinase e β-1,3-glucanase, enquanto que o B. cereus aumentou apenas a peroxidase. O ASM aumentou a síntese de lignina e B. cereus não, enquanto que ASM diminuiu teor de fenóis e B. cereus não. O ASM reduziu a biomassa da planta, o que não ocorreu em plantas induzidas por B. cereus. Portanto, a resistência induzida por ASM apresenta elevado custo associado, enquanto que por B. cereus apresenta baixo custo, necessitando a indução de resistência ser melhor explorada e estudada para potencializar seu uso em feijoeiro.Plants that use resources to defend themselves in the absence of pests or pathogens will pay off with energy costs that can reflect in the productivity. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the fitness costs of the resistance induced in bean plants, before the presence of the pathogen, by using biotic (Bacillus cereus and abiotic (acibenzolar-S-methyl, ASM inducers, applied 2, 3 or 4 times during the cycle of the culture. The protecting effect was evaluated against the bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli. The activities of peroxidase, chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase, lignin and phenol

  20. Part C and Part D Compliance Actions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page includes results from CMSs Past Performance Review. The report called Spring 2014 Past Performance Review Outlier Results lists MA organizations and Part...

  1. Part C and Part D Compliance Actions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page includes results from CMSs Past Performance Review. The report called Spring 2014 Past Performance Review Outlier Results lists MA organizations and Part D...

  2. Partly occupied Wannier functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Kristian Sommer; Hansen, Lars Bruno; Jacobsen, Karsten Wedel

    2005-01-01

    We introduce a scheme for constructing partly occupied, maximally localized Wannier functions (WFs) for both molecular and periodic systems. Compared to the traditional occupied WFs the partly occupied WFs possess improved symmetry and localization properties achieved through a bonding-antibondin......We introduce a scheme for constructing partly occupied, maximally localized Wannier functions (WFs) for both molecular and periodic systems. Compared to the traditional occupied WFs the partly occupied WFs possess improved symmetry and localization properties achieved through a bonding...

  3. Part Machinability Evaluation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    In the early design period, estimation of the part or the whole product machinability is useful to consider the function and process request of the product at the same time so as to globally optimize the design decision. This paper presents a part machinability evaluation system, discusses the general restrictions of part machinability, and realizes the inspection of these restrictions with the relation between tool scan space and part model. During the system development, the expansibility and understandability were considered, and an independent restriction algorithm library and a general function library were set up. Additionally, the system has an interpreter and a knowledge manager.

  4. Standard biological parts knowledgebase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galdzicki, Michal; Rodriguez, Cesar; Chandran, Deepak; Sauro, Herbert M; Gennari, John H

    2011-02-24

    We have created the Knowledgebase of Standard Biological Parts (SBPkb) as a publically accessible Semantic Web resource for synthetic biology (sbolstandard.org). The SBPkb allows researchers to query and retrieve standard biological parts for research and use in synthetic biology. Its initial version includes all of the information about parts stored in the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (partsregistry.org). SBPkb transforms this information so that it is computable, using our semantic framework for synthetic biology parts. This framework, known as SBOL-semantic, was built as part of the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL), a project of the Synthetic Biology Data Exchange Group. SBOL-semantic represents commonly used synthetic biology entities, and its purpose is to improve the distribution and exchange of descriptions of biological parts. In this paper, we describe the data, our methods for transformation to SBPkb, and finally, we demonstrate the value of our knowledgebase with a set of sample queries. We use RDF technology and SPARQL queries to retrieve candidate "promoter" parts that are known to be both negatively and positively regulated. This method provides new web based data access to perform searches for parts that are not currently possible.

  5. Standard biological parts knowledgebase.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Galdzicki

    Full Text Available We have created the Knowledgebase of Standard Biological Parts (SBPkb as a publically accessible Semantic Web resource for synthetic biology (sbolstandard.org. The SBPkb allows researchers to query and retrieve standard biological parts for research and use in synthetic biology. Its initial version includes all of the information about parts stored in the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (partsregistry.org. SBPkb transforms this information so that it is computable, using our semantic framework for synthetic biology parts. This framework, known as SBOL-semantic, was built as part of the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL, a project of the Synthetic Biology Data Exchange Group. SBOL-semantic represents commonly used synthetic biology entities, and its purpose is to improve the distribution and exchange of descriptions of biological parts. In this paper, we describe the data, our methods for transformation to SBPkb, and finally, we demonstrate the value of our knowledgebase with a set of sample queries. We use RDF technology and SPARQL queries to retrieve candidate "promoter" parts that are known to be both negatively and positively regulated. This method provides new web based data access to perform searches for parts that are not currently possible.

  6. Introduction to Part 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    A brief contextualising discussion of Western Music History and its relations to Theological Aesthetical Thought since Carolingian Times as an introduction to 3 music articles in Part 3 of the volume.......A brief contextualising discussion of Western Music History and its relations to Theological Aesthetical Thought since Carolingian Times as an introduction to 3 music articles in Part 3 of the volume....

  7. Play your part

    CERN Document Server

    Ramsey, Gaynor

    1978-01-01

    Play your part is a collection of then situations in which students have to take on the roles of particular people and express their opinions, feelings or arguments about the situation. Play your part is intended for use with advanced students of English.

  8. Characterization of the anti tumoral activity of the thiosemicarbazones derived from N(4)-methyl-tolyl-2acetylpyridine And 2-pyridinoformamide and its metal complex: evaluation of the radiopharmaceutical potential; Caracterizacao da atividade antitumoral das tiossemicarbazonas derivadas de N(4)-metil-toluil-2-acetilpiridina e 2-piridinoformamida e seus complexos metalicos: avaliacao do potencial radiofarmaceutico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Paulo Roberto Ornelas da

    2008-07-01

    Thiosemicarbazones have attracted great pharmacological interest because of their biological properties, such as cytotoxic activity against multiple strains of human tumors. The most studied compounds are pyridine-based because of their resemblance to pyridoxal metabolites that attach to co-enzyme B{sub 6}-dependant enzymes. This work aimed the characterization of the anti tumoral effect of N(4)-methyl-tolyl-2-acetylpyridine and 2-pyridinoformamide-derived thiosemicarbazones and the development of a radiopharmaceutical based on a thiosemicarbazone metal complex for positron emission tomography. In the first phase of this study were synthesized twenty-one thiosemicarbazones, derived from N(4)methyl-2 acetylpyridine and 2-pyridine formamide, as well as their metal complexes (Sn, Ga and Cu). Their cytotoxic potential were evaluated against brain and breast tumor cells in vitro. Our results showed all of them presented powerful cytotoxic and antiproliferative activities against glioblastoma multiform and breast adenocarcinoma at very low concentrations (nanomolar range). Morphological alterations characteristic of apoptosis, such as cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation were observed. Copper chloride was used as control and has presented IC50 at millimolar range suggesting that copper complexation with thiosemicarbazone significantly increases (more than 1 million) the anti tumoral effect of this metal. Due to the potent anti tumoral activity of N(4)-methyl-tolyl-2-acetylpyridine derived thiosemicarbazones and the excellent properties of {sup 64}Cu (T{sub 1/2} = 12.7 hours, {beta}{sup +}, {beta}{sup -}, and EC decay), at the second part for this work it was developed a new imaging agent (radiopharmaceutical) for tumor detection by positron emission tomography (PET). The radiopharmaceuticals were produced in the nuclear reactor TRIGA-IPR-R1 from CDTN, via neutron capture reaction {sup 63}Cu (n,{gamma}) {sup 64}Cu, of the copper complex N(4)-ortho-toluyl-2

  9. Scientists Create Part-Human, Part-Pig Embryo

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 163262.html Scientists Create Part-Human, Part-Pig Embryo One goal of this stem cell research is ... have successfully used human stem cells to create embryos that are part-human, part-pig. Scientists said ...

  10. Parts lubas uut muusikakooli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastas Tallinna Muusikakeskkooli õpilase Judith Partsi kirjale Tallinna Muusikakeskkooli olukorrast lubadusega hoida silma peal Tallinna Muusikakeskkoolile, Tallinna Balletikoolile ja Georg Otsa nim. Muusikakoolile ühise hoone võimaldamisest kokkuehituseks Eesti Muusikaakadeemiaga

  11. Walrus parts collection notes

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The attached field diary notes provide documentation of walrus parts collection activities which occurred in the Nome and surrounding area during the periods of May...

  12. Matrix comparison, Part 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Jesper Wiborg; Borlund, Pia

    2007-01-01

    The present two-part article introduces matrix comparison as a formal means for evaluation purposes in informetric studies such as cocitation analysis. In the first part, the motivation behind introducing matrix comparison to informetric studies, as well as two important issues influencing...... such comparisons, matrix generation, and the composition of proximity measures, are introduced and discussed. In this second part, the authors introduce and thoroughly demonstrate two related matrix comparison techniques the Mantel test and Procrustes analysis, respectively. These techniques can compare...... important. Alternatively, or as a supplement, Procrustes analysis compares the actual ordination results without investigating the underlying proximity measures, by matching two configurations of the same objects in a multidimensional space. An advantage of the Procrustes analysis though, is the graphical...

  13. Derecho Penal. Parte especial

    OpenAIRE

    Ríos Corbacho, José Manuel

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo básico que se persigue obtener con el desarrollo de esta asignatura es el conocimiento de la parte especial del Código penal. Se llevará a cabo un análisis individualizado de cada uno de los delitos y faltas, prestando una especial atención a los problemas de parte especial que los mismos plantean. Sobre cada uno de ellos, se analizará la visión jurisprudencial. La asignatura de Derecho penal especial tiene como objetivo enseñar a las/os alumnas/os los delitos y faltas conte...

  14. Part TRIPOLI TRIMARAN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baur, A.; Bourdet, L.; Dejonghe, G.; Ermont, G.; Gonnord, J.; Monnier, A.; Nimal, J.C.; Vergnaud, T. (CEA, CEN Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France))

    1983-05-01

    This article presents the Monte Carlo criticality codes TRIPOLI and TRIMARAN carried out at the Nuclear Studies Center (CEN) at Saclay. A first part deals with the main schemes of criticality studies carried out at Saclay, the generalities about the three-dimensional Monte-Carlo code TRIPOLI, the geometry and the utilization of sources in TRIPOLI. A second part present the cross section processing and the thermalization processing in TRIPOLI. Some criticality calculations with the code TRIPOLI are then presented. Finally, the TRIMARAN code is presented: the main features, the principles of operation, and the qualifications carried out on this code.

  15. PHP The Good Parts

    CERN Document Server

    MacIntyre, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Get past all the hype about PHP and dig into the real power of this language. This book explores the most useful features of PHP and how they can speed up the web development process, and explains why the most commonly used PHP elements are often misused or misapplied. You'll learn which parts add strength to object-oriented programming, and how to use certain features to integrate your application with databases. Written by a longtime member of the PHP community, PHP: The Good Parts is ideal for new PHP programmers, as well as web developers switching from other languages. Become familiar w

  16. Studi Penggunaan Metil Ester Minyak Sawit sebagai Minyak Isolasi Peralatan Listrik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Rajab

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses experimental results on some parameters of palm methyl ester as insulating oil. Destillations are firstly made to obtained the composition of oil that provide the optimal compromise among measured parameters. Breakdown voltage, dissipation factor, dielectric constant, viscosity and oxidation stability were then tested on original, destilled, and destillation residual oils. The results showed that the dissipation factor and viscosity of destilled palm methyl ester comply with the standard spesification for natural ester to be used as insulating oil. Sadly, the breakdown voltage and oxidation stability of oils do not fulfill the standard. However, the lower breakdown voltage of oils seem to be tolerable as their value are still higher then that of mineral oil. Dielectric constant of oils which were higher then that of mineral oil is an advantage when the oils will be used in combination with solid insulation for more uniformly field reason.

  17. PEMANFAATAN METIL ESTER JARAK PAGAR MENJADI SURFAKTAN MES UNTUK APLIKASI SEBAGAI OIL WELL STIMULATION AGENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erliza Hambali

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Year by year, globally the production of petroleum decreases but its demand increases. The world will get the energy crisis including Indonesia if that condition happens continously. Because of that, Indonesia starts to develop IOR (improved oil recovery method for their oil fields. IOR method is an improvement of the secondary phase in which the oil recovery is expected to increase oil production. One method of IOR is chemical injection with surfactant for injection. Surfactant is dissolved with injection water and injected to reservoir. Generally, surfactant of petroleum sulphonates is used for oil recovery. Due to the weaknesses of petroleum suphonates such as not resistant in high salinity and high hardness water, therefore it triggers to get surfactant substitute like MES (methyl ester sulphonates that is synthesized by bio-oil from Jatropha curcas L. The study was aimed to know the performance of MES surfactant formula from jatropha oil for IOR in fluid sample of oil field and synthetic sandstone core. The best condition from this research was surfactant 0.2 PV with the soaking time of 12 hours. This formula gave the highest of incremental total oil recovery 61%. The number were resulted from 48% waterflooding and 13% surfactant injection.

  18. Respuestas de defensa inducidas por Acibenzolar-S-Metil (ASM) en plantas de uchuva (Physalis peruviana)

    OpenAIRE

    Carvajal Arias, Carel Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    Colombia es uno de los principales países productores de uchuva para exportación, llegando a ocupar el primer lugar como el mayor productor seguido por Sudáfrica. El fruto producido en Colombia (ecotipo Colombia) es uno de los más apetecidos por el mercado internacional, debido a sus características organolépticas y alto contenido de azúcar y vitaminas (Puente et al. 2011). Durante su desarrollo el cultivo puede ser afectado por diferentes plagas y enfermedades, dentro de las cuales se encuen...

  19. Multiple part feeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvilshøj, Mads; Bøgh, Simon; Nielsen, Oluf Skov

    2012-01-01

    " is capable of successfully servicing four part feeders in three production cells using command signals from an Open Process Control (OPC) server. Furthermore, the paper presents future research and development suggestions for AIMM, which contributes to near-term industrial maturation and implementation...

  20. Son: Part Two

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Higgie

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available It is 1842. Two Englishman set out on a Grand Tour of Europe and the Middle East. One is a young, gifted artist; the other a Gentleman. By the time they return to England, the artist has become a devotee of the Egyptian god Osiris. One night, after dining together in a small inn in Cobham, he violently murders his beloved father, believing him to be an imposter. Why? Son is a novel inspired by the life of Richard Dadd, one of the greatest Victorian painters and inmate of Bethlem Hospital - more commonly known as Bedlam. Part one of Son was published in PORTAL vol. 1, no. 2, in July 2004. This is the second and concluding part of the novel.

  1. Endocrine system: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Carolyn; Hendry, Charles; Farley, Alistair; McLafferty, Ella

    2014-05-27

    This article, which forms part of the life sciences series and is the first of two articles on the endocrine system, examines the structure and function of the organs of the endocrine system. It is important that nurses understand how the endocrine system works and its role in maintaining health. The role of the endocrine system and the types, actions and control of hormones are explored. The gross structure of the pituitary and thyroid glands are described along with relevant physiology. Several disorders of the thyroid gland are outlined. The second article examines growth hormone, the pancreas and adrenal glands.

  2. Java The Good Parts

    CERN Document Server

    Waldo, Jim

    2010-01-01

    What if you could condense Java down to its very best features and build better applications with that simpler version? In this book, veteran Sun Labs engineer Jim Waldo reveals which parts of Java are most useful, and why those features make Java among the best programming languages available. Every language eventually builds up crud, Java included. The core language has become increasingly large and complex, and the libraries associated with it have grown even more. Learn how to take advantage of Java's best features by working with an example application throughout the book. You may not l

  3. R806 (part 1)

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    R806 was designed by the BNL-CERN-Syracuse-Yale Collaboration (Bill Willis spokesman) to study large transverse momentum phenomena, and installed in intersection 8 of the ISR. The main detectors were Lithium foil transition radiation detectors to identify electrons and liquid argon calorimeters to measure the energy of the electrons and photons (among the first such calorimeters to be used in an experiment). In part 1 there were two modules, top and bottom of the horizontal beam pipe; the black vertical pipe contains the cryogenics (LN2 and Lar) and is connected to the two modules with the horizontal piping.

  4. Happy to be taking part?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H. Kwekkeboom; C.M.C. van Weert

    2008-01-01

    Original title: Meedoen en gelukkig zijn. 'Taking part': that is the central plank of Dutch government policy for people with disabilities. But what exactly does 'taking part' mean, and what is needed to ensure that people are willing or able to take part? Does taking part make people happier?. Doe

  5. Son: Part One

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Higgie

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available It is 1842. Two Englishman set out on a Grand Tour of Europe and the Middle East. One is a young, gifted artist; the other a Gentleman. By the time they return to England, the artist has become a devotee of the Egyptian god Osiris. One night, after dining together in a small inn in Cobham, he violently murders his beloved father, believing him to be an imposter. Why? Son is a novel inspired by the life of Richard Dadd, one of the greatest Victorian painters and inmate of Bethlem Hospital - more commonly known as Bedlam. Part Two of Son will be published in Portal vol. 2, no. 1, January 2005.

  6. Rickets: Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Richard M; Chesney, Russell W

    2013-01-01

    Rickets is characterized by impaired mineralization and ossification of the growth plates of growing children caused by a variety of disorders, the most frequent of which is nutritional deficiency of vitamin D. Despite ample knowledge of its etiology and the availability of cost-effective methods of preventing it, vitamin D deficiency rickets remains a significant problem in developing and developed countries. This two-part review covers the history, etiology, pathophysiology and clinical and radiographical findings of vitamin D deficiency rickets. Other less frequent causes of rickets and some of the disorders entering into the differential diagnoses of rickets are also considered. Controversial issues surrounding vitamin D deficiency include determination of what constitutes vitamin D sufficiency and the potential relationship between low levels of vitamin D metabolites in many individuals and unexplained fractures in infants.

  7. Medicare Utilization for Part B

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This link takes you to the Medicare utilization statistics for Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance SMI) which includes the Medicare Part B Physician and Supplier...

  8. Visible parts of fractal percolation

    CERN Document Server

    Arhosalo, I; Järvenpää, M; Rams, M; Shmerkin, P

    2009-01-01

    We study dimensional properties of visible parts of fractal percolation in the plane. Provided that the dimension of the fractal percolation is at least 1, we show that, conditioned on non-extinction, almost surely all visible parts from lines are 1-dimensional. Furthermore, almost all of them have positive and finite Hausdorff measure. We also verify analogous results for visible parts from points. These results are motivated by an open problem on the dimensions of visible parts.

  9. Exploring Water Pollution. Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rillo, Thomas J.

    1975-01-01

    This is part two of a three part article related to the science activity of exploring environmental problems. Part one dealt with background information for the classroom teacher. Presented here is a suggested lesson plan on water pollution. Objectives, important concepts and instructional procedures are suggested. (EB)

  10. Small Bowel Review - Part I

    OpenAIRE

    ABR Thomson; Wild, G.

    1997-01-01

    Significant advances have been made in the study of the small bowel. Part I of this two-part review of the small bowel examines carbohydrates, including brush border membrane hydrolysis and sugar transport; amino acids, dipeptides, proteins and food allergy, with a focus on glutamine, peptides and macromolecules, and nucleoside...

  11. Staircase and Fractional Part Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amram, Meirav; Dagan, Miriam; Ioshpe, Michael; Satianov, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    The staircase and fractional part functions are basic examples of real functions. They can be applied in several parts of mathematics, such as analysis, number theory, formulas for primes, and so on; in computer programming, the floor and ceiling functions are provided by a significant number of programming languages--they have some basic uses in…

  12. The Majorana Parts Tracking Database

    CERN Document Server

    Abgrall, N; Avignone, F T; Bertrand, F E; Brudanin, V; Busch, M; Byram, D; Caldwell, A S; Chan, Y-D; Christofferson, C D; Combs, D C; Cuesta, C; Detwiler, J A; Doe, P J; Efremenko, Yu; Egorov, V; Ejiri, H; Elliott, S R; Esterline, J; Fast, J E; Finnerty, P; Fraenkle, F M; Galindo-Uribarri, A; Giovanetti, G K; Goett, J; Green, M P; Gruszko, J; Guiseppe, V E; Gusev, K; Hallin, A L; Hazama, R; Hegai, A; Henning, R; Hoppe, E W; Howard, S; Howe, M A; Keeter, K J; Kidd, M F; Kochetov, O; Kouzes, R T; LaFerriere, B D; Leon, J Diaz; Leviner, L E; Loach, J C; MacMullin, J; Martin, R D; Meijer, S J; Mertens, S; Miller, M L; Mizouni, L; Nomachi, M; Orrell, J L; O'Shaughnessy, C; Overman, N R; Petersburg, R; Phillips, D G; Poon, A W P; Pushkin, K; Radford, D C; Rager, J; Rielage, K; Robertson, R G H; Romero-Romero, E; Ronquest, M C; Shanks, B; Shima, T; Shirchenko, M; Snavely, K J; Snyder, N; Soin, A; Suriano, A M; Tedeschi, D; Thompson, J; Timkin, V; Tornow, W; Trimble, J E; Varner, R L; Vasilyev, S; Vetter, K; Vorren, K; White, B R; Wilkerson, J F; Wiseman, C; Xu, W; Yakushev, E; Young, A R; Yu, C -H; Zhitnikov, I

    2015-01-01

    The Majorana Demonstrator is an ultra-low background physics experiment searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{76}$Ge. The Majorana Parts Tracking Database is used to record the history of components used in the construction of the Demonstrator. The tracking implementation takes a novel approach based on the schema-free database technology CouchDB. Transportation, storage, and processes undergone by parts such as machining or cleaning are linked to part records. Tracking parts provides a great logistics benefit and an important quality assurance reference during construction. In addition, the location history of parts provides an estimate of their exposure to cosmic radiation. A web application for data entry and a radiation exposure calculator have been developed as tools for achieving the extreme radio-purity required for this rare decay search.

  13. The Majorana Parts Tracking Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abgrall, N.; Aguayo, E.; Avignone, F. T.; Barabash, A. S.; Bertrand, F. E.; Brudanin, V.; Busch, M.; Byram, D.; Caldwell, A. S.; Chan, Y-D.; Christofferson, C. D.; Combs, D. C.; Cuesta, C.; Detwiler, J. A.; Doe, P. J.; Efremenko, Yu.; Egorov, V.; Ejiri, H.; Elliott, S. R.; Esterline, J.; Fast, J. E.; Finnerty, P.; Fraenkle, F. M.; Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Goett, J.; Green, M. P.; Gruszko, J.; Guiseppe, V. E.; Gusev, K.; Hallin, A. L.; Hazama, R.; Hegai, A.; Henning, R.; Hoppe, E. W.; Howard, S.; Howe, M. A.; Keeter, K. J.; Kidd, M. F.; Kochetov, O.; Konovalov, S. I.; Kouzes, R. T.; LaFerriere, B. D.; Leon, J. Diaz; Leviner, L. E.; Loach, J. C.; MacMullin, J.; Martin, R. D.; Meijer, S. J.; Mertens, S.; Miller, M. L.; Mizouni, L.; Nomachi, M.; Orrell, J. L.; O׳Shaughnessy, C.; Overman, N. R.; Petersburg, R.; Phillips, D. G.; Poon, A. W. P.; Pushkin, K.; Radford, D. C.; Rager, J.; Rielage, K.; Robertson, R. G. H.; Romero-Romero, E.; Ronquest, M. C.; Shanks, B.; Shima, T.; Shirchenko, M.; Snavely, K. J.; Snyder, N.; Soin, A.; Suriano, A. M.; Tedeschi, D.; Thompson, J.; Timkin, V.; Tornow, W.; Trimble, J. E.; Varner, R. L.; Vasilyev, S.; Vetter, K.; Vorren, K.; White, B. R.; Wilkerson, J. F.; Wiseman, C.; Xu, W.; Yakushev, E.; Young, A. R.; Yu, C. -H.; Yumatov, V.; Zhitnikov, I.

    2015-04-01

    The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is an ultra-low background physics experiment searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 76Ge. The MAJORANA Parts Tracking Database is used to record the history of components used in the construction of the DEMONSTRATOR. Transportation, storage, and processes undergone by parts such as machining or cleaning are linked to part records. Tracking parts provides a great logistics benefit and an important quality assurance reference during construction. In addition, the location history of parts provides an estimate of their exposure to cosmic radiation. A web application for data entry and a radiation exposure calculator have been developed as tools for achieving the extreme radiopurity required for this rare decay search.

  14. Parts hindab oma valitsust "kolmega" / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad uue valitsuskoalitsiooni moodustamist. Peaminister peab oluliseks, et uus valitsus tekiks kiiresti, ning on nõus ise uue valitsuse kokku panema

  15. Otvetshajet Juhan Parts, premjer-ministr / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts selgitab Res Publica ja valitsuse korruptsioonivastast poliitikat ning loodab, et justiitsminister Ken-Marti Vaheri pakutud strateegia võitluses korruptsiooniga ei saa koalitsiooni lagunemise põhjuseks

  16. Juhan Parts lubab investeerida teedesse / Juhan Parts ; interv. Tanel Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 17. okt. lk. 13. Majandusminister Juhan Parts arutleb lahendamist vajavate küsimuste ja prioriteetsete investeeringute üle transpordisektoris. Lisa: Juhan Partsi kuus kuud ministrina

  17. Medicare Utilization for Part A

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This link takes you to the Medicare utilization statistics for Part A (Hospital Insurance HI) which include the Medicare Ranking for all Short-Stay Hospitals by...

  18. World Auto Parts Market Thriving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In a global market with increased competition, the global auto industrial chain in some regions of Europe, the U.S. and Japan is transforming into a new relationship between the auto parts producers and complete vehicle producers.

  19. Bringing Ceramic Parts to Earth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    履之

    1995-01-01

    The benefits of using ceramic engine components are well known:They are tougher than metal parts, weigh less, and can withstand hotter operating temperatures.So why aren’t they being used now? High cost.

  20. Medicare Part D Claims Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page contains information on Part D claims data for the purposes of research, analysis, reporting, and public health functions. These data will also be used to...

  1. Medicare Part D Program Analysis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page contains information on Part D program analysis performed by CMS. These reports will also be used to better identify, evaluate and measure the effects of...

  2. Small Bowel Review - Part I

    OpenAIRE

    Thomson, ABR; Wild, G.

    1997-01-01

    Significant advances have been made in the study of the small bowel. Part I of this two-part review of the small bowel examines carbohydrates, including brush border membrane hydrolysis and sugar transport; amino acids, dipeptides, proteins and food allergy, with a focus on glutamine, peptides and macromolecules, and nucleosides, nucleotides and polyamines; salt and water absorption, and diarrhea, including antidiarrheal therapy and oral rehydration treatment; lipids (digestion and absorption...

  3. Identification based on facial parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stevanov Zorica

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Two opposing views dominate face identification literature, one suggesting that the face is processed as a whole and another suggesting analysis based on parts. Our research tried to establish which of these two is the dominant strategy and our results fell in the direction of analysis based on parts. The faces were covered with a mask and the participants were uncovering different parts, one at the time, in an attempt to identify a person. Already at the level of a single facial feature, such as mouth or eye and top of the nose, some observers were capable to establish the identity of a familiar face. Identification is exceptionally successful when a small assembly of facial parts is visible, such as eye, eyebrow and the top of the nose. Some facial parts are not very informative on their own but do enhance recognition when given as a part of such an assembly. Novel finding here is importance of the top of the nose for the face identification. Additionally observers have a preference toward the left side of the face. Typically subjects view the elements in the following order: left eye, left eyebrow, right eye, lips, region between the eyes, right eyebrow, region between the eyebrows, left check, right cheek. When observers are not in a position to see eyes, eyebrows or top of the nose, they go for lips first and then region between the eyebrows, region between the eyes, left check, right cheek and finally chin.

  4. Staircase and fractional part functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amram, Meirav; Dagan, Miriam; Ioshpe, Michael; Satianov, Pavel

    2016-10-01

    The staircase and fractional part functions are basic examples of real functions. They can be applied in several parts of mathematics, such as analysis, number theory, formulas for primes, and so on; in computer programming, the floor and ceiling functions are provided by a significant number of programming languages - they have some basic uses in various programming tasks. In this paper, we view the staircase and fractional part functions as a classical example of non-continuous real functions. We introduce some of their basic properties, present some interesting constructions concerning them, and explore some intriguing interpretations of such functions. Throughout the paper, we use these functions in order to explain basic concepts in a first calculus course, such as domain of definition, discontinuity, and oddness of functions. We also explain in detail how, after researching the properties of such functions, one can draw their graph; this is a crucial part in the process of understanding their nature. In the paper, we present some subjects that the first-year student in the exact sciences may not encounter. We try to clarify those subjects and show that such ideas are important in the understanding of non-continuous functions, as a part of studying analysis in general.

  5. Assembly sequencing with toleranced parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Latombe, J.C. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Robotics Lab.; Wilson, R.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center

    1995-02-21

    The goal of assembly sequencing is to plan a feasible series of operations to construct a product from its individual parts. Previous research has thoroughly investigated assembly sequencing under the assumption that parts have nominal geometry. This paper considers the case where parts have toleranced geometry. Its main contribution is an efficient procedure that decides if a product admits an assembly sequence with infinite translations that is feasible for all possible instances of the components within the specified tolerances. If the product admits one such sequence, the procedure can also generate it. For the cases where there exists no such assembly sequence, another procedure is proposed which generates assembly sequences that are feasible only for some values of the toleranced dimensions. If this procedure produces no such sequence, then no instance of the product is assemblable. Finally, this paper analyzes the relation between assembly and disassembly sequences in the presence of toleranced parts. This work assumes a simple, but non-trivial tolerance language that falls short of capturing all imperfections of a manufacturing process. Hence, it is only one step toward assembly sequencing with toleranced parts.

  6. Calculus: A Computer Oriented Presentation, Part 1 [and] Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenberg, Warren; Walker, Robert J.

    Parts one and two of a one-year computer-oriented calculus course (without analytic geometry) are presented. The ideas of calculus are introduced and motivated through computer (i.e., algorithmic) concepts. An introduction to computing via algorithms and a simple flow chart language allows the book to be self-contained, except that material on…

  7. Parts : ministrite minevik olgu avalik / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud politseinike altkäemaksu andmise avalikuks tulekuga, komissar Indrek Sirgi ametist lahkumisega ja ministrite seadusrikkumiste avalikustamisega. Kommenteerivad: Margus Leivo, Tarmo Loodus, Ain Seppik. Vt. samas: Valik saladuses peetavast teabest

  8. Function Concepts for Machine Parts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    1999-01-01

    The majority of resources, like time and costs, consumed in industrial product development can be related to detailed design, i.e. the materialisation of machine parts (German Maschinenteile). Existing design theories based on a systems approach, e.g. Haberfellner [5] all have function, i.......e. transformation from input to output or ability to deliver purposeful effects as the core concept. The units in a product which posses functions are the organs (German: Funktionsträgern). Because individual parts do not posses functions, one could argue that the design theories based on a systems approach...... to be identification of a purposeful behaviour concept, i.e. function for a machine part. The contribution is based on the theory of technical systems, Hubka and the domain theory, Andreasen....

  9. Update on rheumatology: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal-Boylan, Leslie

    2009-05-01

    There are many rheumatic diseases. Part 1 of this 2 part series on rheumatology presented a few of those most commonly seen in the community. Home health clinicians can be helpful in managing these diseases and preventing progression by watching for new symptoms or acute attacks of pain or disability, ensuring that patients take their medications appropriately, reminding patients to see their rheumatology providers and have their lab work done regularly, and reporting adverse effects to medications promptly. Additionally, as with most home health patients, an interdisciplinary approach that includes physical and occupational therapy, social work, nursing, nutrition, and other disciplines as needed should be implemented so that all patient needs are met and the patient is discharged at the highest level of self-care that is possible. Part 2 of this series will discuss the care of the patient with rheumatic disease at home and will provide a more in-depth look at lab diagnosis of rheumatic diseases.

  10. SPSS for Starters, Part 2

    CERN Document Server

    Cleophas, Ton J

    2012-01-01

    The first part of this title contained all statistical tests that are relevant for starters on SPSS, and included standard parametric and non-parametric tests for continuous and binary variables, regression methods, trend tests, and reliability and validity assessments of diagnostic tests. The current part 2 of this title reviews multistep methods, multivariate models, assessments of missing data, performance of diagnostic tests, meta-regression, Poisson regression, confounding and interaction, and survival analyses using log tests and segmented time-dependent Cox regression. Methods for asses

  11. Understanding quantitative research: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoe, Juanita; Hoare, Zoë

    This article, which is the first in a two-part series, provides an introduction to understanding quantitative research, basic statistics and terminology used in research articles. Critical appraisal of research articles is essential to ensure that nurses remain up to date with evidence-based practice to provide consistent and high-quality nursing care. This article focuses on developing critical appraisal skills and understanding the use and implications of different quantitative approaches to research. Part two of this article will focus on explaining common statistical terms and the presentation of statistical data in quantitative research.

  12. Small Bowel Review - Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABR Thomson

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Significant advances have been made in the study of the small bowel. Part I of this two-part review of the small bowel examines carbohydrates, including brush border membrane hydrolysis and sugar transport; amino acids, dipeptides, proteins and food allergy, with a focus on glutamine, peptides and macromolecules, and nucleosides, nucleotides and polyamines; salt and water absorption, and diarrhea, including antidiarrheal therapy and oral rehydration treatment; lipids (digestion and absorption, fatty acid binding proteins, intracellular metabolism, lipoproteins and bile acids; and metals (eg, iron and vitamins.

  13. Ultrasonic Assembly of Thermoplastic Parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schurman, W. R.

    1970-03-31

    Four ultrasonic methods were evaluated for assembly of experimental plastic parts for detonators: (1) welding, (2) crimping and staking, (3) insertion, and (4) reactivation of adhesives. For welding, staking and insertion, plastics with low elastic moduli, such as acrylics and polycarbonate, produced the best results. Thermosetting, hot-melt, and solution adhesives could all be activated ultrasonically to form good bonds on plastics and other materials. This evaluation indicated that thermoplastic detonator parts could be assembled ultrasonically in shorter times than by present production techniques with high bond strengths and high product acceptance rates.

  14. Air Pollution Control, Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, Werner, Ed.

    Authoritative reviews in seven areas of current importance in air pollution control are supplied in this volume, the first of a two-part set. Titles contained in this book are: "Dispersion of Pollutants Emitted into the Atmosphere,""The Formation and Control of Oxides of Nitrogen in Air Pollution,""The Control of Sulfur Emissions from Combustion…

  15. Geometric design of part feeders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berretty, R.-P.M.

    2001-01-01

    This thesis presents solutions for problems derived from industrial assembly and robotic manipulation. The basic tasks in a factory are manufacturing the parts, and combining them into the desired product. In automating these tasks, we want to use robot manipulators that require little or no h

  16. Parts loob superametit / Koit Brinkmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brinkmann, Koit

    2007-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts kavatseb 2008. aastal liita uueks ametiks viis järelvalveametkonda - konkurentsiameti, sideameti, raudteeinspektsiooni, energiaturu inspektsiooni ja tehnilise järelevalve inspektsiooni - eesmärgiks on kulude kokkuhoid ning tõhusam kontroll monopolide üle. Kommenteerivad Valdo Kalm, Meelis Atonen. Lisa: Number. Vt. samas: Intervjuu majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri Juhan Partsiga

  17. Speech parts as Poisson processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badalamenti, A F

    2001-09-01

    This paper presents evidence that six of the seven parts of speech occur in written text as Poisson processes, simple or recurring. The six major parts are nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions, with the interjection occurring too infrequently to support a model. The data consist of more than the first 5000 words of works by four major authors coded to label the parts of speech, as well as periods (sentence terminators). Sentence length is measured via the period and found to be normally distributed with no stochastic model identified for its occurrence. The models for all six speech parts but the noun significantly distinguish some pairs of authors and likewise for the joint use of all words types. Any one author is significantly distinguished from any other by at least one word type and sentence length very significantly distinguishes each from all others. The variety of word type use, measured by Shannon entropy, builds to about 90% of its maximum possible value. The rate constants for nouns are close to the fractions of maximum entropy achieved. This finding together with the stochastic models and the relations among them suggest that the noun may be a primitive organizer of written text.

  18. Theorem of Mystery: Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Real, Francis

    2008-01-01

    The Varignon parallelogram has always provided a simple geometric investigation for students that gives rise to a surprising result. It is possible to extend the Varignon investigation by looking at special quadrilaterals or by considering different dissection points along the sides. In the second of his two-part series, the author offers some…

  19. Piecing Together a College Education behind Bars. Part One [and] Part Two [and] Part Three [and] Part Four.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Jon Marc

    2002-01-01

    This is a four-part article on how to earn a college degree from inside prison. The author, who earned his master's while in prison, argues that education offers prisoners the best chance of staying out of prison after their release, as well as qualifying them for a decent job and easing social reintegration. The author outlines the approaches…

  20. Local Area Networks: Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessy, Raymond E., Ed.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses five approaches used by industry/colleges to provide local area network (LAN) capabilities in the analytical laboratory: (1) mixed baseband bus network coupled to a star net; (2) broadband bus network; (3) ring network; (4) star network coupled to broadband net; and (5) simple multiprocessor center. Part I (September issue) focused on…

  1. Inaccessibility and subinaccessibility. In two parts. Part II (in Russian)

    CERN Document Server

    Kiselev, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    This work represents a translation from English into Russian of the second part of the monograph by Alexander Kiselev under the same title. It contains the proof (in ZF) of inaccessible cardinals nonexistence. The first edition of this work was published in 2000. This part II contains applications of the subinaccessible cardinals apparatus and its basic tools - theories of reduced formula spectra and matrices, disseminators and others, which are used here in this proof and are set forth now in their more transparent and refined form. Much attention is devoted to the more explicit and substantial development and cultivation of basic ideas, serving as grounds for all main constructions and reasonings. The proof of the theorem about inaccessible cardinals nonexistence is presented in its detailed exposition. Several easy consequences of this theorem and some well-known results are presented. Appropriated for specialists in Set Theory and Mathematical Logic, and also for teachers and students of faculties of the ...

  2. Inaccessibility and subinaccessibility. In two parts. Part I (in Russian)

    CERN Document Server

    Kiselev, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    This work represents a translation from English into Russian of the first part of the monograph by Alexander Kiselev under the same title, containing the proof (in ZF) of inaccessible cardinals nonexistence. The first edition of this work was published in 2000. This part contains the apparatus of subinaccessible cardinals and its basic tools - theories of reduced formula spectra and matrices, disseminators and others - which are used in this proof and are set forth now in their more transparent and detailed form. Much attention is devoted to the explicit and substantial development and cultivation of basic ideas, serving as grounds for all main constructions and reasonings. Appropriated for specialists in Set Theory and Mathematical Logic, and also for teachers and students of faculties of the mathematical profile.

  3. Cleaning of parts for new manufacturing and parts rebuilding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Jeff

    1994-06-01

    Parts cleaning is the largest single expense, and the most time consuming activity, in rebuilding and new manufacturing. On average, 25% to 40% of the total labor and overhead burden is spent on cleaning. EPA and OSHA pressures add to the burden by making some methods and chemicals obsolete. Some of the processes and chemicals in current use will be curtailed and or outlawed in the future. How can a shops and industries make long term decisions or capital investments in cleaning and process improvements when the government keeps changing its rules? At the MART Corporation in Saint Louis, Missouri, we manufacture a line of cabinet-style batch cleaning machines known as Power Washers. Twenty years ago MART invented and patented the Power Washer process, a cleaning method that recycles wash solution and blasts contaminates as they are washed off the more heavily contaminated parts. Since the initial invention MART has continued to R&D the washing process and develop ancillary systems that comply with EPA and OSHA regulations. For applications involving new industrial parts or items requiring specification cleaned surfaces. MART provides filtration and solution conditioning systems, part drying operations, and triple rinsing. Units are available in stainless steel or higher alloys. We are not alone in the washer manufacturing business. You have many choices of cleaning solutions (no pun intended) which will perform in your operations and yield good results. As a manufacturer, we are interested in your success with our equipment. We have all heard the horror stories of companies having selected inappropriate cleaning systems and or processes which then brought the company to its knees, production wise. Assembly, appearance, warranty, and performance shortcomings of finished products can often be directly related to the cleaning process and its shortcomings.

  4. As cumarinas do pterocaulon balansae, Chodat

    OpenAIRE

    1981-01-01

    Resumo: A partir do extrato em hexano e éter dietílico da parte aérea da espécie Pterocaulon balansae, Chodat, isolamos as cinco cumarinas seguintes: 5-(3'-metil-2' ,3'-buteniloxi)-6,7-metilenodioxicumarina, 5-(2' ,3'-epoxi-3'-metilbutiloxi)-6,7-metilenodioxicumarina, 5-(2' ,3'-dihidroxi-3'-metilbutiloxi)-6,7-metilenodioxicumarina, 6-metoxi-7-(2' ,3'-epoxi-3'-metilbutiloxi)cumarina e 6-metoxi-7-(3'-metil-2' ,3'-dihidroxibutiloxi)cumarina, das quais três são inéditas. As estruturas destas cuma...

  5. Analisis Kandungan Metil Paraben Pada Kecap Dan Saus Yang Beredar Di Pasaran Dengan Kromatografi Cair Kinerja Tinggi (KCKT).

    OpenAIRE

    Sihombing, Cory Mia

    2011-01-01

    Many food ingredients in market, such as soy sauce, chili sauce, and tomato sauce use preservatives. One commonly used preservative is methyl paraben. The purpose of this research is to optimize the chromatographic conditions used to analysis of methyl paraben in soy sauces and ketchups in market by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) Analysis was performed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm) with a ratio of mobile ...

  6. Efecto del metil paratión en la diversidad bacteriana presente en el suelo de una chinampa de Xochimilco /

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez López, Claudia

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas, presenta Claudia Chávez López ; asesor Nathalie Cabirol, Silke Cram Heydrich, Francisco José Fernández Perrino89 páginas : ilustracionesDoctorado en Ciencias Biológicas UNAM, Instituto de Ecología, 2012

  7. Long-term follow-up of metil aminolevulinate (MAL)-PDT in difficult-to-treat cutaneous Bowen's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavicchini, Stefano; Serini, Stefano Maria; Fiorani, Roberta; Girgenti, Valentina; Ghislanzoni, Massimo; Sala, Francesco

    2011-08-01

    Bowen's disease (BD) is a form of intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma, which is clinically characterized by gradually enlarging, well-demarcated erythematous plaques with irregular borders and surface crusting or scaling, affecting primarily the elderly. BD often presents with lesions difficult to treat with standard therapy as surgery, cryosurgery, or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) for the risk of significantly poor cosmetic outcome, failure rate, and adverse events, related mainly to the age of the patients. Topical PDT with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) represents a valid and approved therapy for BD lesions in many cases, especially for lesions located at poor healing sites or for large patches of disease, due to its high efficacy coupled with good tolerability and tissue-sparing attitude. In this study, we sought to investigate the efficacy, safety, and cosmetic outcome of MAL-PDT in a series of patients with BD lesions which were challenging to treat for clinical, surgical, and patient-related reasons, such as size of the lesion, difficult surgical approach for anatomical sites, or age of patients and request of the best cosmetic result. We also performed a long-term follow-up to assess recurrence rates and eventual late-onset adverse events.

  8. O comportamento do metilmercúrio (metilHg no ambiente Behavior of methylmercury in the environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Cristina Bisinoti

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Methylmercury is the most hazardous mercury species known. Due to its high stability, lipid solubility, and ionic properties, this compound shows a high ability to cross membranes in living organisms, damaging the central nervous system, mainly the brain, and the effects of chronic poisoning are progressive. In this paper some aspects related to the toxicity and the cases of methylmercury poisoning are described. Other aspects related to the behavior of methylmercury and the environmental factors that influence the transformation of mercury in the water and sediment, with emphasis on the methylation/demethylation reactions and the mercury cycle are discussed.

  9. Part-time Work in International Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurman, Joseph E.; Trah, Gabriele

    1990-01-01

    Examines the reasons for part-time work and characteristics of part-time workers, legislative protection, national incentives to increase access to part-time jobs, and forms of part-time work. Explores arguments for and against part-time employment. (SK)

  10. The Emergence of Axial Parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Svenonius

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Many languages have specialized locative words or morphemes translating roughly into words like ‘front,’ ‘back,’ ‘top,’ ‘bottom,’ ‘side,’ and so on. Often, these words are used instead of more specialized adpositions to express spatial meanings corresponding to ‘behind,’ ‘above,’ and so on. I argue, on the basis of a cross-linguistic survey of such expressions, that in many cases they motivate a syntactic category which is distinct from both N and P, which I call AxPart for ‘Axial Part’; I show how the category relates to the words which instantiate it, and how the meaning of the construction is derived from the combination of P[lace] elements, AxParts, and the lexical material which expresses them.

  11. Modernizing medical photography, part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crompton, Paul

    2005-03-01

    Part 1 of this paper explored the origins of process activity mapping, one of the major tools currently being used to modernize patient pathways in the National Health Service in Great Britain. Within medical photography the current notion of modernization is inextricably linked to the development of digital technology. Whilst the core principle of capturing light on a sensitive medium remains as clear and relevant as ever, the mechanisms by which the image is processed and presented to the client have changed profoundly. Part 2 shows how the principles of lean thinking and process activity mapping can be utilized to harness the advantages of digital technology to provide a modern and appropriate medical photography service in a large disparate teaching hospital.

  12. Modernizing medical photography, part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crompton, Paul

    2004-12-01

    Government, media and public focus on waiting times in the National Health Service in the United Kingdom has forced the organization to look closely at the process by which a patient progresses through an increasingly complex and ever changing system. In an effort to streamline the patient journey or care pathway, modernizers have turned to business and manufacturing for solutions. Whilst medical photographers need to recognize their role in this context, they are also facing major technological modernization through the development of digital photography. Part 1 of this paper looks at the origins of some of the techniques presently being used to modernize the patient journey. Part 2 shows how these tools of modernization can be utilized to harness the advantages of digital technology to provide a modern and appropriate medical photography service in a large, disparate teaching hospital.

  13. Counterfeit Parts Prevention Strategies Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-24

    as part of an International Standards Organization ( ISO ) 9001 :200818 or AS9100C19 quality management system. The third and fourth steps, Reporting...when problems are detected after delivery. Companies operating to ISO 9001 or other QMS processes may need to enhance customer reporting practices...Critical Ground Support Hardware ISO - 9001 Quality Management System - Requirements ISO /IEC 17025 General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and

  14. Repair Types, Procedures - Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    New Jersey, USA. Repair Types, Procedures – Part I RTO-EN-AVT-156 9 - 19 [5] Drieker R, Botello C, MacBeth S, and Grody J, “Aircraft Battle... MacBeth S, and Grody J, “Aircraft Battle Damage Assessment and Repair (ABDAR), Vol. III: Field Test Report,” AFRL-HE-WP-TR-2002-0039, July 2000. [8

  15. Body part categorisation in Punjabi

    OpenAIRE

    Majid, A.

    2006-01-01

    A key question in categorisation is to what extent people categorise in the same way, or differently. This paper examines categorisation of the body in Punjabi, an Indo-European language spoken in Pakistan and India. First, an inventory of body part terms is presented, illustrating how Punjabi speakers segment and categorise the body. There are some noteworthy terms in the inventory, which illustrate categories in Punjabi that are unusual when compared to other languages presented in this vol...

  16. EMC Part Ⅱ Regulatory Requirements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JohnWong

    2005-01-01

    As described in the Part I, the goal of electromagnetic compatibility, or EMC, is to design electronic systems that are electromagnetically compatible with their environment. EMC requirements exist so that electronic systems designers have a set of guidelines that explain the limits of what is considered electromagnetically compatible. There is not, however, one allencompassing set of EMC guidelines. Instead, EMC guidelines are created by individual product manufacturers,

  17. Automotive stamped part fatigue design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caudoux Mélanie

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Fatigue design of automotive axle parts is of prior concern because of these are high safety parts and they are expected to drive the overall vehicle mass reduction. In this framework, the stamping process is widely used to form axle parts, before assembling them by welding. Consequently, the mechanical and physical characteristics of the blank sheet are modified, having a strong influence on the fatigue behavior. In this paper, we address the consequences of the stamped process on the fatigue design and how they may be effectively taken into account in the automotive industry. Actually, the coupling between the stamping process and the fatigue design is under development at PSA Peugeot Citroën Company since several years. Such an analysis deals with some major topics: thickness variation, plastic hardening and deformation, and residual stress. All of these ingredients result in fatigue criteria evolutions: it is important to stress that the stamping process can have advantageous or disadvantageous consequences on the fatigue design. This is here highlighted on some examples, dealing with front and rear axles.

  18. NASA EEE Parts 2014 Year in Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sara-Anne

    2015-01-01

    The NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging Program continue to support Electrical, Electronic and Electromagnetic Parts for the agency with an eventful year of workshops, innovations, testing and challenges.

  19. Experimental Data Processing. Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm LAURENZI

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper represents the second part of a study regarding the processing of experimental monofactorialdata, and it presents the original program developed by the author for processing experimental data.Using consecrated methods and relations, this program allows establishing the number of samples,generating the experimental plan, entering and saving the measured data, identifying the data corrupted byaberrant errors, verifying the randomness, verifying the normality of data repartition, calculating the mainstatistical parameters and exporting the experimental data to Excel or to other programs for statistical dataprocessing.

  20. The Sum of its Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spriggs, John

    A safety case is a collation of the arguments and supporting evidence needed to demonstrate that an item is safe to use. Although there are regulatory and legislative requirements in some industries, and in some parts of the world, for the production of a safety case, there are few standard definitions of what should go into one. Indeed, there is no single, correct, way to prepare a safety case; but this should not be surprising, given the wide variety of applications to which they are put.

  1. The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Athanasiou, T.

    2007-01-15

    Essay-type of publication on what should happen next after Al Gore's presentations on the Inconvenient Truth about the impacts of climate change. The essay states in the first lines: 'We've seen the movie, so we know the first part - we're in trouble deep. And it's time, past time, for at least some of us to go beyond warning to planning, to start talking seriously about a global crash program to stabilize the climate.

  2. Part time secretarial assistant needed

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    The English National Programme at the Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire, one of the Programmes originally set up by CERN to provide schooling for children of Members of the Personnel in their maternal language, is recruiting a part time secretarial assistant. Applications for this post should be sent as soon as possible. The closing date is the end of the day on July 19th. Applicants will find details on the ‘Staff Vacancies' page of our website: http://enpferney.org/

  3. Two-part set systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gerbner, Dániel; Lemons, Nathan; Mubayi, Dhruv; Palmer, Cory; Patkós, Balázs

    2011-01-01

    The two part Sperner theorem of Katona and Kleitman states that if $X$ is an $n$-element set with partition $X_1 \\cup X_2$, and $\\cF$ is a family of subsets of $X$ such that no two sets $A, B \\in \\cF$ satisfy $A \\subset B$ (or $B \\subset A$) and $A \\cap X_i=B \\cap X_i$ for some $i$, then $|\\cF| \\le {n \\choose \\lfloor n/2 \\rfloor}$. We consider variations of this problem by replacing the Sperner property with the intersection property and considering families that satisfiy various combinations of these properties on one or both parts $X_1$, $X_2$. Along the way, we prove the following new result which may be of independent interest: let $\\cF, \\cG$ be families of subsets of an $n$-element set such that $\\cF$ and $\\cG$ are both intersecting and cross-Sperner, meaning that if $A \\in \\cF$ and $B \\in \\cG$, then $A \

  4. Standards in neurosonology. Part III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Wojczal

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study technique and documentation as well as the required elements of ultrasound description. Practical criteria for the diagnosis of certain pathologies in accordance with the latest literature were also presented. Furthermore, additional comments were included in some of the sections. Part I discusses standards for the performance, documentation and description of different ultrasound methods (Duplex, Doppler. Part II and III are devoted to standards for specific clinical situations (vasospasm, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity.

  5. Standards in neurosonology. Part III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojczal, Joanna; Tomczyk, Tomasz; Luchowski, Piotr; Kozera, Grzegorz; Kaźmierski, Radosław; Stelmasiak, Zbigniew

    2016-06-01

    The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study technique and documentation as well as the required elements of ultrasound description. Practical criteria for the diagnosis of certain pathologies in accordance with the latest literature were also presented. Furthermore, additional comments were included in some of the sections. Part I discusses standards for the performance, documentation and description of different ultrasound methods (Duplex, Doppler). Part II and III are devoted to standards for specific clinical situations (vasospasm, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).

  6. Facilitation of learning: part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warburton, Tyler; Houghton, Trish; Barry, Debbie

    2016-04-27

    The previous article in this series of 11, Facilitation of learning: part 1, reviewed learning theories and how they relate to clinical practice. Developing an understanding of these theories is essential for mentors and practice teachers to enable them to deliver evidence-based learning support. This is important given that effective learning support is dependent on an educator who possesses knowledge of their specialist area as well as the relevent tools and methods to support learning. The second domain of the Nursing and Midwifery Council's Standards to Support Learning and Assessment in Practice relates to the facilitation of learning. To fulfil this domain, mentors and practice teachers are required to demonstrate their ability to recognise the needs of learners and provide appropriate support to meet those needs. This article expands on some of the discussions from part 1 of this article and considers these from a practical perspective, in addition to introducing some of the tools that can be used to support learning.

  7. Future Jet Technologies, Part C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gal-Or, Benjamin

    2013-06-01

    This updated, PART C REVIEW, covers the dangerous global spread of JS-stealth, drone technology [1-91], canard-free, stealth, new agile drones and the highly debated, 480 billion F-35 International Program as reported on March 13, 2013 to the U.S. Congress [92]. Due to serious design issues, spiraling high costs and years in delays, alternatives are analyzed here, depicted and proposed, mainly from the propulsion-design point of view. These include fleets of low-cost, stealth, jet-steered-drones mixed with non-stealthy, low-cost, ready-to-be-delivered, U.S. or European or Russian fighter aircraft. Can a few F-35s win against large fleets of stealth agile drones? To understand the dangers and critical issues involved, the author's own, past classified information is partly disclosed, while resorting to images in Figs. 2(a) and 2(b) taken from his book [2] and from Wikipedia, the "Free Encyclopedia", in all other images.

  8. Can statins improve outcome in colorectal surgery?: Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César M Santos Jr

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Statins are recommended for people who have high serum cholesterol, and this role of statins has been well documented. However, some activities of statins, independent of their lipid-lowering effect, in conditions such as systemic inflammatory response syndrome, nephropathy, and other anti-inflammatory activities that reduce proinflammatory cytokines, are called "pleiotropic" effects of statins. For this reason, many candidates for surgical treatment are users of statins. As a result, benefits are observed in these patients, such as minimized postoperative complications, especially in cardiac or coronary surgery. This study was designed with the purpose of determining the current status of the use of statins as an adjuvant in the prevention of postoperative complications in colorectal surgery. Ongoing studies and future researches will help clarify the potential impact of statins on the prophylaxis of postoperative complications.As estatinas são drogas com o poder de inibir a hidroxi-metil-glutaril coenzima A redutase (HMG-CoA redutase, enzima que age na ativação da cadeia metabólica do colesterol. Portanto, sua principal ação, entre outros efeitos, é diminuir a concentração sérica total desse lipídeo. Por essa razão, muitas pessoas candidatas ao tratamento cirúrgico são pacientes usuários das estatinas. Seus outros efeitos, independente de sua capacidade para baixar os lipídeos circulantes, são denominados "efeitos pleiotrópicos" e estão, principalmente, relacionados à ação de bloqueio das atividades pró-inflamatórias, sobretudo minimizando, nos cardiopatas ou coronariopatas submetidos às operações cardíacas ou coronarianas, a prevalência da síndrome da reação inflamatória sistêmica, inclusive quando desencadeada por infecção. Estudos recentes têm sido elaborados para maiores conhecimentos dos mecanismos de ação das estatinas, especialmente em pacientes cardiopatas submetidos a tratamentos cirúrgicos n

  9. Tool sharing in parallel part production

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaalman, G.J.C.; Nawijn, W.M.

    1996-01-01

    A group of identical NC machines, laid out in a line, manufactures relatively few part types in large batch size. Parts of the same type are processed by the machines simultaneously. The operations on a part are performed by one machine only, using a part type specific tool set. During batch product

  10. 30 CFR 33.38 - Electrical parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Electrical parts. 33.38 Section 33.38 Mineral... § 33.38 Electrical parts. (a) Units with electrical parts and designed to operate as electric face... which is Schedule 2F), and the examination and testing of the electrical parts shall be...

  11. 20 CFR 726.3 - Relationship of this part to other parts in this subchapter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Relationship of this part to other parts in...; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE OPERATOR'S INSURANCE General § 726.3 Relationship of this part to other parts in...) If the provisions of this part appear to conflict with any provision of any other part in...

  12. Revenue cycle management, Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crew, Matt

    2007-01-01

    The proper management of your revenue cycle requires the application of "best practices" and the continual monitoring and measuring of the entire cycle. The correct technology will enable you to gain the insight and efficiencies needed in the ever-changing healthcare economy. The revenue cycle is a process that begins when you negotiate payor contracts, set fees, and schedule appointments and continues until claims are paid in full. Every single step in the cycle carries equal importance. Monitoring all phases and a commitment to continually communicating the results will allow you to achieve unparalleled success. In part I of this article, we explored the importance of contracting, scheduling, and case management as well as coding and clinical documentation. We will now take a closer look at the benefits charge capture, claim submission, payment posting, accounts receivable follow-up, and reporting can mean to your practice.

  13. Room for Sustainable Agriculture. Part 1 Advice. Part 2 Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-03-15

    An outline is given of the social dilemmas associated with agriculture and horticulture in the Netherlands. Ongoing innovation and accelerated sustainable development are essential to resolve these dilemmas. Given the importance of the Dutch agriculture and horticulture sector, there is every reason for the central government to play its part and help remove the obstacles to the continuing sustainable development of the sector. The Council recommends that the central government continues developing the Council's vision for agriculture and horticulture with the parties concerned, allows scope for the development of different agricultural business models, applies knowledge and innovation as drivers of continuing sustainable development, amends laws and regulations as necessary, and facilitates a permanent dialogue between the sector and society. The advisory report also sets out the Council's vision concerning the political and public debate on agriculture and horticulture. This debate is most clearly characterised by major and seemingly insurmountable differences of opinion. The Council hopes that its report will induce a shift in thinking about Dutch agriculture among politicians and society at large, so that the transitions considered necessary by the Council can be implemented more rapidly.

  14. Somos parte de la crisis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingeniería e Investigación Revista

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Muchos años estuvimos resistiéndonos a aceptar la difícil situación que en todos los órdenes vivía el país. Finalmente, y como consecuencia de intereses ajenos a los que realmente debían guiarnos, estalló o quizá sea mejor decir, se agudizo la crisis del sistema. El tema no es nuevo, y recabar sobre el mismo, no pasaría, en el mejor de los casos, de ser un simple mea-culpa que dudamos aporte luces a la solución del problema. Sin embargo, pretender cerrar los ojos frente a la crisis, también resulta imposible, y mas aun, cuando la consecuencia directa de ella se refleja en la perdida, cada vez mayor, de confianza de la ciudadanía en todos los estamentos de la nación, pero fundamentalmente porque institucionalmente somos parte de ella.

  15. Higher Spin Theory -- Part I

    CERN Document Server

    Rahman, Rakibur

    2013-01-01

    These notes comprise a part of the introductory lectures on Higher Spin Theory presented in the Eighth Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics. We construct free higher-spin theories and turn on interactions to find that inconsistencies show up in general. Interacting massless fields in flat space are in tension with gauge invariance and this leads to various no-go theorems. While massive fields exhibit superluminal propagation, appropriate non-minimal terms may cure such pathologies as they do in String Theory -- a fact that we demonstrate. Given that any interacting massive higher-spin particle is described by an effective field theory, we compute a model independent upper bound on the ultraviolet cutoff in the case of electromagnetic coupling in flat space and discuss its implications. Finally, we consider various possibilities of evading the no-go theorems for massless fields, among which Vasiliev's higher-spin gauge theory is one. We work out a simple example of a higher-derivative cubic coupling in...

  16. Drilling miniature holes, Part III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1978-07-01

    Miniature components for precision electromechanical mechanisms such as switches, timers, and actuators typically require a number of small holes. Because of the precision required, the workpiece materials, and the geometry of the parts, most of these holes must be produced by conventional drilling techniques. The use of such techniques is tedious and often requires considerable trial and error to prevent drill breakage, minimize hole mislocation and variations in hole diameter. This study of eight commercial drill designs revealed that printed circuit board drills produced better locational and size repeatability than did other drills when centerdrilling was not used. Boring holes 1 mm in dia, or less, as a general rule did not improve hole location in brass or stainless steel. Hole locations of patterns of 0.66-mm holes can be maintained within 25.4-..mu..m diametral positional tolerance if setup misalignments can be eliminated. Size tolerances of +- 3.8 ..mu..m can be maintained under some conditions when drilling flat plates. While these levels of precision are possible with existing off-the-shelf drills, they may not be practical in many cases.

  17. Getting from Organ- to Part- Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Mogens Myrup; Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    1997-01-01

    The paper gives definitions of organ and part and elaborate on the relations between organ, parts and production methods. The importance of the law of superimposed structures on part design is illustrated and a domain- and view concept is developed.The paper is a collective of overhead-copies, pu......The paper gives definitions of organ and part and elaborate on the relations between organ, parts and production methods. The importance of the law of superimposed structures on part design is illustrated and a domain- and view concept is developed.The paper is a collective of overhead...

  18. Range Imaging without Moving Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, J. Bryan; Scott, V. Stanley, III; Ramos-Izquierdo, Luis

    2008-01-01

    Range-imaging instruments of a type now under development are intended to generate the equivalent of three-dimensional images from measurements of the round-trip times of flight of laser pulses along known directions. These instruments could also provide information on characteristics of targets, including roughnesses and reflectivities of surfaces and optical densities of such semi-solid objects as trees and clouds. Unlike in prior range-imaging instruments based on times of flight along known directions, there would be no moving parts; aiming of the laser beams along the known directions would not be accomplished by mechanical scanning of mirrors, prisms, or other optical components. Instead, aiming would be accomplished by using solid-state devices to switch input and output beams along different fiber-optic paths. Because of the lack of moving parts, these instruments could be extraordinarily reliable, rugged, and long-lasting. An instrument of this type would include an optical transmitter that would send out a laser pulse along a chosen direction to a target. An optical receiver coaligned with the transmitter would measure the temporally varying intensity of laser light reflected from the target to determine the distance and surface characteristics of the target. The transmitter would be a combination of devices for generating precise directional laser illumination. It would include a pulsed laser, the output of which would be coupled into a fiber-optic cable with a fan-out and solid-state optical switches that would enable switching of the laser beam onto one or more optical fibers terminated at known locations in an array on a face at the focal plane of a telescope. The array would be imaged by the telescope onto the target space. The receiver optical system could share the aforementioned telescope with the transmitter or could include a separate telescope aimed in the same direction as that of the transmitting telescope. In either case, light reflected

  19. The genus Allium. Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenwick, G R; Hanley, A B

    1985-01-01

    Allium is a genus of some 500 species belonging to the family Liliaceae. However only a few of these are important as food plants, notably onion, garlic, chive, leek, and rakkyo. Such plants have been used for many centuries for the pungency and flavoring value, for their medicinal properties, and, in some parts of the world, their use also has religious connotations. The flavors of members of the genus Alliums, in addition to having certain characteristics, are also complex, being derived enzymically from a number of involatile precursors. In addition to there being variation of flavor between different alliums, there are also considerable changes that occur as a result of cooking and processing. Of course, these are of importance to the consumer and food technologist-processor. The review will introduce the subject by an historical perspective and will set this against data on the present cultivation and usage of commercially cultivated alliums. The chemical composition of these plants will be discussed, emphasis being given to nonvolatile constituents which are, perhaps, less often considered. Discussion of the volatile constituents, which will include mention of the methods currently used for their analysis and for the determination of "flavor strength", will be mainly concerned with literature taken from the last 5 years. In considering the extent and nature of allium cultivation and processing, factors affecting the nutritional value and quality will be highlighted. The medicinal properties of garlic and onion oils have been much studied over the last decade and the review will include critical assessment of this area and also will touch on the more general properties (antimicrobial, antifungal, antibacterial, and insecticidal) of these oils. Finally mention will be made of the antinutritional, toxic, or otherwise undesirable effects of alliums, for example, as inadvertent components of animal diets, tainting of milk and other food products. It is our

  20. Primer for Purchasing Computer Programs: Part 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delf, Robert M.

    1981-01-01

    The last section of a three-part series deals with computer hardware requirements, program installation, and evaluation techniques. The first two parts appeared in the July and September 1981 issues. (Author/MLF)

  1. The Progressing Auto Parts Sector in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The auto parts sector was not only the basis for the entire auto industry in China, but continues to be an important part of industry development. China's auto parts sector had lagged behind the world's auto industry for a long time; however, since the start of the new century, the country's auto parts sector has been put on a fast track to meet the rapid growth in the auto industry.

  2. Using GPU shaders for visualization, part 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Mike

    2013-01-01

    GPU shaders aren't just for glossy special effects. Parts 1 and 2 of this discussion looked at using them for point clouds, cutting planes, line integral convolution, and terrain bump-mapping. Part 3 covers compute shaders and shader storage buffer objects-two features announced as part of OpenGL 4.3.

  3. Expertise revisited, Part I-Interactional expertise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Harry; Evans, Robert

    2015-12-01

    In Part I of this two part paper we try to set out the 'essence' of the notion of interactional expertise by starting with its origins. In Part II we will look at the notion of contributory expertise. The exercise has been triggered by recent discussion of these concepts in this journal by Plaisance and Kennedy and by Goddiksen.

  4. Expertise revisited, Part II: Contributory expertise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Harry; Evans, Robert; Weinel, Martin

    2016-04-01

    In Part I of this two part paper we tried to elicit the 'essence' of the notion of interactional expertise by looking at its origins. In Part II we will look at the notion of contributory expertise. The exercise has been triggered by recent discussion of these concepts in this journal by Plaisance and Kennedy and by Goddiksen.

  5. 14 CFR 27.602 - Critical parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design and Construction General § 27.602 Critical parts. (a) Critical... the required level of integrity. (b) If the type design includes crtical parts, a critical parts list shall be established. Procedures shall be established to define the critical design...

  6. 14 CFR 29.602 - Critical parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design and Construction General § 29.602 Critical parts. (a... required level of integrity. (b) If the type design includes critical parts, a critical parts list shall be established. Procedures shall be established to define the critical design characteristics, identify...

  7. Parts, Cavities, and Object Representation in Infancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayden, Angela; Bhatt, Ramesh S.; Kangas, Ashley; Zieber, Nicole

    2011-01-01

    Part representation is not only critical to object perception but also plays a key role in a number of basic visual cognition functions, such as figure-ground segregation, allocation of attention, and memory for shapes. Yet, virtually nothing is known about the development of part representation. If parts are fundamental components of object shape…

  8. TSUNAMI INFORMATION SOURCES - PART 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert L. Wiegel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available I have expanded substantially my list of information sources on: tsunami generation (sources, impulsive mechanisms, propagation, effects of nearshore bathymetry, and wave run-up on shore - including physical (hydraulic modeling and numerical modeling. This expanded list includes the subjects of field investigations of tsunamis soon after an event; damage effects in harbors on boats, ships, and facilities; tsunami wave-induced forces; damage by tsunami waves to structures on shore; scour/erosion; hazard mitigation; land use planning; zoning; siting, design, construction and maintenance of structures and infrastructure; public awareness and education; distant and local sources; tsunami warning and evacuation programs; tsunami probability and risk criteria. A few references are on "sedimentary signatures" useful in the study of historic and prehistoric tsunamis (paleo-tsunamis. In addition to references specifically on tsunamis, there are references on long water wave and solitary wave theory; wave refraction, diffraction, and reflection; shelf and basin free and forced oscillations (bay and harbor response; seiches; edge waves; Mach- reflection of long water waves ("stem waves"; wave run-up on shore; energy dissipation. All are important in understanding tsunamis, and in hazard mitigation. References are given on subaerial and submarine landslide (and rockfall generated waves in reservoirs, fjords, bays, and ocean; volcano explosive eruptions/collapse; underwater and surface explosions; asteroid impact. This report is in two parts: 1 Bibliographies, books and pamphlets, catalogs, collections, journals and newsletters, maps, organizations, proceedings, videos and photos; 2 Articles, papers, reports listed alphabetically by author.Many papers on the Indian Ocean (Sumatra tsunami of 26 December 2004, were given at the 22nd IUGG International Tsunami Symposium, Chania, Crete, 27-29 June 2005, but had not been published at the date of this report. For

  9. Asmparts: assembly of biological model parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigo, Guillermo; Carrera, Javier; Jaramillo, Alfonso

    2007-12-01

    We propose a new computational tool to produce models of biological systems by assembling models from biological parts. Our software not only takes advantage of modularity, but it also enforces standardisation in part characterisation by considering a model of each part. We have used model parts in SBML to design transcriptional networks. Our software is open source, it works in linux and windows platforms, and it could be used to automatically produce models in a server. Our tool not only facilitates model design, but it will also help to promote the establishment of a registry of model parts.

  10. Design Concepts in Set Parts Supply Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhartini Mohd Jainury

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The increasing number of parts variants on an assembly line requires an improvement for a cost efficient and flexible parts supply system. For that reason, the Set Parts Supply (SPS system was introduced by Toyota as a new material handling system for supplying parts in sets based on the kitting concept. In this study, we investigate the consideration of design concepts in SPS implementation at one of Malaysia’s automotive manufacturers through a case study in a mixed-model assembly line that contains many parts to be assembled to the car body. From our case study, we found that the design of the ‘parts only’ or minomi concept on the component racks contributes to the elimination of waste; mura, muri and muda. Finally, we present the lean approach in the minomi concepts that used in designing the component racks.

  11. Neuroscience in Nazi Europe Part III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate neuroscient...... of neuroscience, we pay homage and do not allow humanity to forget, lest this dark period in history ever repeat itself....

  12. Machining Thin-Walled Cylindrical Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimbak, Joe; Spagnolo, Jim; Kraus, Dan

    1988-01-01

    Cylindrical walls only few thousandths of inch thick machined accurately and without tears or punctures with aid of beryllium copper mandrel. Chilled so it contracts, then inserted in cylinder. As comes to room temperature, mandrel expands and fits snugly inside cylinder. Will not allow part to slide and provides solid backup to prevent deflection when part machined by grinding wheel. When machining finished, cylinder-and-mandrel assembly inserted in dry ice, mandrel contracts and removed from part.

  13. Reliability and quality EEE parts issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barney, Dan; Feigenbaum, Irwin

    1990-01-01

    NASA policy and procedures are established which govern the selection, testing, and application of electrical, electronic, and electromechanical (EEE) parts. Recent advances in the state-of-the-art of electronic parts and associated technologies can significantly impact the electronic designs and reliability of NASA space transportation avionics. Significant issues that result from these advances are examined, including: recent advances in microelectronics technology (as applied to or considered for use in NASA projects); electron packaging technology advances (concurrent with, and as a result of, the development of the advanced microelectronic devices); availability of parts used in space avionics; and standardization and integration of parts activities between projects, centers, and contractors.

  14. Research on Part Experssion Methodology of Part Library Based on ISO13584

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    ISO13584 (PLIB) is an international standard, which is established to realize computer's identification ofdata expression and data exchange of part library. In this international standard, part expression methodology ofpart library is an important characteristic, which distinguishes itself from STEP. So, the methodology is a focus inthe research of part library. This article describes the principles of part information expression of part library basedon ISO13584, and the research results of the methodology in details.

  15. Metrology of Large Parts. Chapter 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahl, H. Philip

    2012-01-01

    As discussed in the first chapter of this book, there are many different methods to measure a part using optical technology. Chapter 2 discussed the use of machine vision to measure macroscopic features such as length and position, which was extended to the use of interferometry as a linear measurement tool in chapter 3, and laser or other trackers to find the relation of key points on large parts in chapter 4. This chapter looks at measuring large parts to optical tolerances in the sub-micron range using interferometry, ranging, and optical tools discussed in the previous chapters. The purpose of this chapter is not to discuss specific metrology tools (such as interferometers or gauges), but to describe a systems engineering approach to testing large parts. Issues such as material warpage and temperature drifts that may be insignificant when measuring a part to micron levels under a microscope, as will be discussed in later chapters, can prove to be very important when making the same measurement over a larger part. In this chapter, we will define a set of guiding principles for successfully overcoming these challenges and illustrate the application of these principles with real world examples. While these examples are drawn from specific large optical testing applications, they inform the problems associated with testing any large part to optical tolerances. Manufacturing today relies on micrometer level part performance. Fields such as energy and transportation are demanding higher tolerances to provide increased efficiencies and fuel savings. By looking at how the optics industry approaches sub-micrometer metrology, one can gain a better understanding of the metrology challenges for any larger part specified to micrometer tolerances. Testing large parts, whether optical components or precision structures, to optical tolerances is just like testing small parts, only harder. Identical with what one does for small parts, a metrologist tests large parts and optics

  16. The Search for Another Earth - Part II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-10-01

    In the first part, we discussed the various methods for thedetection of planets outside the solar system known as theexoplanets. In this part, we will describe various kinds ofexoplanets. The habitable planets discovered so far and thepresent status of our search for a habitable planet similar tothe Earth will also be discussed.

  17. Reproduce and die! Why aging? Part II

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, GA

    2005-01-01

    Whilst in part I of this diptych on aging the question why aging exists at all is discussed; this part deals with the question which mechanisms underly aging and, ultimately, dying. It appears that aging is not just an active process as such - although all kinds of internal (e.g., oxigen-free radica

  18. Search Engines for Tomorrow's Scholars, Part Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Jody Condit

    2012-01-01

    This two-part article considers how well some of today's search tools support scholars' work. The first part of the article reviewed Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search using a modified version of Carole L. Palmer, Lauren C. Teffeau, and Carrier M. Pirmann's framework (2009). Microsoft Academic Search is a strong contender when…

  19. Part Time Study in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neville, Colin

    This document, which is intended for adults considering enrolling in part-time study in higher education, examines the objectives and experiences of adults who have pursued part-time study in higher education in the United Kingdom. The following reasons why adults return to higher education are discussed: personal development; self-fulfillment;…

  20. Recurring part arrangements in shape collections

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2014-05-01

    Extracting semantically related parts across models remains challenging, especially without supervision. The common approach is to co-analyze a model collection, while assuming the existence of descriptive geometric features that can directly identify related parts. In the presence of large shape variations, common geometric features, however, are no longer sufficiently descriptive. In this paper, we explore an indirect top-down approach, where instead of part geometry, part arrangements extracted from each model are compared. The key observation is that while a direct comparison of part geometry can be ambiguous, part arrangements, being higher level structures, remain consistent, and hence can be used to discover latent commonalities among semantically related shapes. We show that our indirect analysis leads to the detection of recurring arrangements of parts, which are otherwise difficult to discover in a direct unsupervised setting. We evaluate our algorithm on ground truth datasets and report advantages over geometric similarity-based bottom-up co-segmentation algorithms. © 2014 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2014 The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Spatial part-set cuing facilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Matthew R; Parasiuk, Yuri; Salgado-Benz, Jennifer; Crocco, Megan

    2016-07-01

    Cole, Reysen, and Kelley [2013. Part-set cuing facilitation for spatial information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 39, 1615-1620] reported robust part-set cuing facilitation for spatial information using snap circuits (a colour-coded electronics kit designed for children to create rudimentary circuit boards). In contrast, Drinkwater, Dagnall, and Parker [2006. Effects of part-set cuing on experienced and novice chess players' reconstruction of a typical chess midgame position. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 102(3), 645-653] and Watkins, Schwartz, and Lane [1984. Does part-set cuing test for memory organization? Evidence from reconstructions of chess positions. Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie, 38(3), 498-503] showed no influence of part-set cuing for spatial information when using chess boards. One key difference between the two procedures was that the snap circuit stimuli were explicitly connected to one another, whereas chess pieces were not. Two experiments examined the effects of connection type (connected vs. unconnected) and cue type (cued vs. uncued) on memory for spatial information. Using chess boards (Experiment 1) and snap circuits (Experiment 2), part-set cuing facilitation only occurred when the stimuli were explicitly connected; there was no influence of cuing with unconnected stimuli. These results are potentially consistent with the retrieval strategy disruption hypothesis, as well as the two- and three-mechanism accounts of part-set cuing.

  2. CRACK REASON ANALYSIS OF DAMAGED CARBONITRIDED PART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Kocúrová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the analysis of a damaged part, which was designed for use in a mechanical clutch of a car. The crack in the part was found during the production inspection. The aim of metallographic and fractography analyses of the fracture surfaces was to discover the reasons for the crack. The reason for creating the crack was the formation of smaller cracks in the production during pressing process of the semiproduct. These cracks even grew after the following thermochemical treatment. The fracture was initiated during the straightening process of quenched part.

  3. A Universal Part-of-Speech Tagset

    CERN Document Server

    Petrov, Slav; McDonald, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    To facilitate future research in unsupervised induction of syntactic structure and to standardize best-practices, we propose a tagset that consists of twelve universal part-of-speech categories. In addition to the tagset, we develop a mapping from 25 different treebank tagsets to this universal set. As a result, when combined with the original treebank data, this universal tagset and mapping produce a dataset consisting of common parts-of-speech for 22 different languages. We highlight the use of this resource via two experiments, including one that reports competitive accuracies for unsupervised grammar induction without gold standard part-of-speech tags.

  4. Concurrent Process Planning for Machined Parts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹; 王先逵; 李志忠

    2002-01-01

    Detailed manufacturing information about the parts can help designers produce better designs. Detailed manufacturing information is conveyed to the designer through micro-circles within the concurrent design process for machined parts, focusing on instantaneous product design and process planning. The process has three key elements: a hierarchical architecture design of the concurrent process planning system, modeling and reengineering of the concurrent process planning, and modeling of information. The approach is successfully implemented and applied for concurrent design and process planning of some complicated parts.

  5. 49 CFR 236.505 - Proper operative relation between parts along roadway and parts on locomotive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... roadway and parts on locomotive. 236.505 Section 236.505 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Automatic Train Stop, Train Control and Cab Signal Systems Standards § 236.505 Proper operative relation between parts along roadway and parts on locomotive....

  6. The Use and Abuse of Part-Time Faculty: The Part-Timers' Point of View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Wendy L.

    Problems faced by part-time faculty members are identified, and suggestions to avoid mistreatment of these teachers are offered. Disadvantages of part-time teaching include the lack of equitable pay and benefits. Since most institutions have a standard pay rate for part-timers, it is suggested that teaching excellence be recognized by creating…

  7. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1110 - Federal Financial Assistance to Which This Part Applies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... research in the humanities. 5. Support of educational programs in the humanities, including the training of... Applies A Appendix A to Part 1110 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... Pt. 1110, App. A Appendix A to Part 1110—Federal Financial Assistance to Which This Part Applies...

  8. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 141 - Federal Financial Assistance to Which This Part Applies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... and cultural exchange—studies, research, instruction and other educational activities—cultural... Applies A Appendix A to Part 141 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN... 1964 Pt. 141, App. A Appendix A to Part 141—Federal Financial Assistance to Which This Part Applies...

  9. Medicare Provider Data - Part D Prescriber

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Part D Prescriber Public Use File (PUF) provides information on prescription drugs prescribed by individual physicians and other health care providers and paid...

  10. Langevarjurid ja Pekingi part / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Kahest lühifilmist, mis linastusid 14. detsembril kinos Sõprus. Mihkel Soe dokumentaalfilmist ekstreemsportlasest Toomas Taltsist "3. 2. 1 - ilus hüpe" ja Kristin Kalamehe lühikomöödiast "Pekingi part"

  11. Smart variations: Functional substructures for part compatibility

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2013-05-01

    As collections of 3D models continue to grow, reusing model parts allows generation of novel model variations. Naïvely swapping parts across models, however, leads to implausible results, especially when mixing parts across different model families. Hence, the user has to manually ensure that the final model remains functionally valid. We claim that certain symmetric functional arrangements (sFarr-s), which are special arrangements among symmetrically related substructures, bear close relation to object functions. Hence, we propose a purely geometric approach based on such substructures to match, replace, and position triplets of parts to create non-trivial, yet functionally plausible, model variations. We demonstrate that starting even from a small set of models such a simple geometric approach can produce a diverse set of non-trivial and plausible model variations. © 2013 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2013 The Eurographics Association and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  12. Medicare Part D Opioid Drug Mapping Tool

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The opioid prescribing rate interactive mapping tool shows geographic comparisons, at the state, county, and ZIP code levels, of de-identified Medicare Part D opioid...

  13. Labor law update--Part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiesta, J

    1997-01-01

    To ensure proper actions when making managerial decisions, nurses must be aware of labor laws and the policies that apply to them. Part 1 of "Labor Law Update" discusses public policy considerations and gender, racial and pregnancy discrimination.

  14. Labor law update--Part 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiesta, J

    1997-09-01

    Many hospitals are eliminating positions as part of the restructuring process. If these decisions involve race, nationality, age or gender discrimination, back pay and punitive damages may be awarded. Cases involving wrongful termination issues are discussed.

  15. Manganese ferrite thin films Part II: Properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulscher, W.S.

    1972-01-01

    Some properties of evaporated manganese ferrite thin films are investigated, e.g. resistivity, magnetization reversal, Curie temperature, Faraday rotation and optical absorption. The properties are partly related to the partial oxygen pressure present during a preceding annealing process.

  16. Periodontal Disease Part IV: Periodontal Infections

    OpenAIRE

    Turnbull, Robert S.

    1988-01-01

    In Part IV of this article, the author describes two periodontal infections, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (trench mouth) and periodontal abscess, both acute painful conditions for which patients may seek advice from their family physician rather than their dentist.

  17. Medicare Part D Prescriber Interactive Dataset

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — As part of the Obama Administrations efforts to make our healthcare system more transparent, affordable, and accountable, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid...

  18. Rapid Prototyping Of Layered Composite Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Edwin D.

    1992-01-01

    Numerically controlled cutting accelerates fabrication of layers. Proposed method derived from stereoscopic lithography. CATIA or CAEDS computer program used to generate three-dimensional mathematical model of prototype part. In model, geometry of part specified in layers, as in stereoscopic lithography. Model data for each layer fed to computer-numerically-controlled ultrasonic cutting machine. Sheet of prepreg (uncured composite material) of specified layer thickness placed in machine and cut, under control of model data, to specified shape of layer.

  19. Social security and part-time employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Euzeby, A

    1988-01-01

    "The author examines social security provisions that constitute obstacles to part-time employment before considering a number of measures that could be taken to make the schemes more flexible and hence promote part-time employment both as a means of meeting the needs of many workers and as a form of work sharing that can help to combat unemployment." The geographical focus is on developed countries, with an emphasis on Europe.

  20. DISCRETIZATION APPROACH USING RAY-TESTING MODEL IN PARTING LINE AND PARTING SURFACE GENERATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Jianwen; JIAN Bin; YAN Guangrong; LEI Yi

    2007-01-01

    Surface classification, 3D parting line, parting surface generation and demoldability analysis which is helpful to select optimal parting direction and optimal parting line are involved in automatic cavity design based on the ray-testing model. A new ray-testing approach is presented to classify the part surfaces to core/cavity surfaces and undercut surfaces by automatic identifying the visibility of surfaces. A simple, direct and efficient algorithm to identify surface visibility is developed. The algorithm is robust and adapted to rather complicated geometry, so it is valuable in computer-aided mold design systems. To validate the efficiency of the approach, an experimental program is implemented. Case studies show that the approach is practical and valuable in automatic parting line and parting surface generation.

  1. Living musical instruments and inanimate body parts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbarotto, R; Capitani, E; Laiacona, M

    2001-01-01

    In the literature about category effects in semantic memory, body parts and musical instruments are often considered atypical, because in cases with a disproportionate impairment of living categories body parts are relatively spared, while musical instruments are often severely defective. In this study the performance of 57 subjects affected by diseases generally associated with lexical-semantic impairment, for the most part Alzheimer's disease and other forms of cortical degeneration, but also herpetic encephalitis and traumatic brain damage are analyzed. The subjects were given a picture naming task tapping eight categories: three living categories (animals, fruits and vegetables) and three non-living categories (tools, furniture and vehicles), plus body parts and musical instruments. On a preliminary analysis at the group level, body parts were the least impaired category and musical instruments the most severely impaired, the six living and non-living categories being intermediate. However, these differences disappeared after covariance for lexical frequency, name agreement and age of acquisition. The relationship between living categories, non-living categories, musical instruments and body parts was investigated by means of a Lisrel model of Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Two latent variables related to living and non-living categories respectively were defined, and it was found that both body parts and musical instruments were significantly related only with non-living categories. The results showed that the definition of the latent variable expressing the substrate of non-living categories was less satisfactory than that expressing the living categories. On this basis, the conclusions of this study appear statistically definite but their psychological interpretation is less straightforward.

  2. PART BUILDING ORIENTATION OPTIMIZATION METHOD IN STEREOLITHOGRAPHY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Aiming at the part quality and building time problems in stereolithography (SL) caused by unreasonable building orientation, a part building orientation decision method in SL rapid prototyping (RP) is carried out. Bringing into full consideration of the deformation, stair-stepping effect, overcure effect and building time related to the part fabrication orientation, and using evaluation function method, a multi-objective optimization model for the building orientation is defined. According to the difference in the angles between normal vectors of triangular facets in standard triangulation language (STL) model and z axis, the expressions of deformation area, stair-stepping area, overcure area are established. According to the characteristics in SL process, part building time is divided into four sections, that is, hatching scanning time, outline scanning time, support building time and layer waiting time. Expressions of each building time section are given. Considering the features of this optimization model, genetic algorithm (GA) is used to derive the optimization objective, related software is developed and optimization results are tested through experiments. Application shows that this method can effectively solve the quality and efficiency troubles caused by unreasonable part building orientation, an automatic orientation-determining program is developed and verified through test.

  3. Prediction of Part Distortion in Die Casting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Allen Miller

    2005-03-30

    The die casting process is one of the net shape manufacturing techniques and is widely used to produce high production castings with tight tolerances for many industries. An understanding of the stress distribution and the deformation pattern of parts produced by die casting will result in less deviation from the part design specification, a better die design and eventually more productivity and cost savings. This report presents methods that can be used to simulate the die casting process in order to predict the deformation and stresses in the produced part and assesses the degree to which distortion modeling is practical for die casting at the current time. A coupled thermal-mechanical finite elements model was used to simulate the die casting process. The simulation models the effect of thermal and mechanical interaction between the casting and the die. It also includes the temperature dependant material properties of the casting. Based on a designed experiment, a sensitivity analysis was conducted on the model to investigate the effect of key factors. These factors include the casting material model, material properties and thermal interaction between casting and dies. To verify the casting distortion predictions, it was compared against the measured dimensions of produced parts. The comparison included dimensions along and across the parting plane and the flatness of one surface.

  4. Pharmaceutical advertising and Medicare Part D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakdawalla, Darius; Sood, Neeraj; Gu, Qian

    2013-12-01

    We explore how and to what extent prescription drug insurance expansions affect incentives for pharmaceutical advertising. When insurance expansions make markets more profitable, firms respond by boosting advertising. Theory suggests this effect will be magnified in the least competitive drug classes, where firms internalize a larger share of the benefits from advertising. Empirically, we find that the implementation of Part D coincides with a 14-19% increase in total advertising expenditures. This effect is indeed concentrated in the least competitive drug classes. The additional advertising raised utilization among non-elderly patients outside the Part D program by about 3.6%. This is roughly half of the direct utilization effect of Part D on elderly beneficiaries. The results suggest the presence of considerable spillover effects from publicly subsidized prescription drug insurance on the utilization and welfare of consumers outside the program.

  5. Uncertainty for Part Density Determination: An Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valdez, Mario Orlando [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-12-14

    Accurate and precise density measurements by hydrostatic weighing requires the use of an analytical balance, configured with a suspension system, to both measure the weight of a part in water and in air. Additionally, the densities of these liquid media (water and air) must be precisely known for the part density determination. To validate the accuracy and precision of these measurements, uncertainty statements are required. The work in this report is a revision of an original report written more than a decade ago, specifically applying principles and guidelines suggested by the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) for determining the part density uncertainty through sensitivity analysis. In this work, updated derivations are provided; an original example is revised with the updated derivations and appendix, provided solely to uncertainty evaluations using Monte Carlo techniques, specifically using the NIST Uncertainty Machine, as a viable alternative method.

  6. Current and Future Parts Management at NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Michael J.

    2011-01-01

    This presentation provides a high level view of current and future electronic parts management at NASA. It describes a current perspective of the new human space flight direction that NASA is beginning to take and how that could influence parts management in the future. It provides an overview of current NASA electronic parts policy and how that is implemented at the NASA flight Centers. It also describes some of the technical challenges that lie ahead and suggests approaches for their mitigation. These challenges include: advanced packaging, obsolescence and counterfeits, the global supply chain and Commercial Crew, a new direction by which NASA will utilize commercial launch vehicles to get astronauts to the International Space Station.

  7. Pharmacogenomics: from cell to clinic (Part 1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siest, Gérard; Medeiros, Rui; Melichar, Bohuslav; Stathopoulou, Maria; Van Schaik, Ron H N; Cacabelos, Ramon; Abt, Peter Meier; Monteiro, Carolino; Gurwitz, David; Queiroz, Jao; Mota-Filipe, Helder; Ndiaye, Ndieye Coumba; Visvikis-Siest, Sophie

    2014-04-01

    The second international European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Theranostics (ESPT) conference was organized in Lisbon, Portugal, and attracted 250 participants from 37 different countries. The participants could listen to 50 oral presentations, participate in five lunch symposia and were able to view 83 posters and an exhibition. The first part of this Conference Scene will focus on the pharmacogenomics and biomarkers used in medical oncology, and in particular solid tumors. In addition, this article covers the two keynote conference introductory lectures by Ann K Daly and Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg. The second part of this article will discuss the clinical implementation of pharmacogenomic tests; the role of transports and pharmacogenomics; how stem cells and other new tools are helping the development of pharmacogenomics and drug discovery; and an update on the clinical translation of pharmacogenomics to personalized medicine. Part two of this Conference Scene will be featured in the next issue of Pharmacogenomics.

  8. Heart sounds: are you listening? Part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer-Kent, Jocelyn

    2013-01-01

    All nurses should have an understanding of heart sounds and be proficient in cardiac auscultation. Unfortunately, this skill is not part of many nursing school curricula, nor is it necessarily a required skillfor employment. Yet, being able to listen and accurately describe heart sounds has tangible benefits to the patient, as it is an integral part of a complete cardiac assessment. In this two-part article, I will review the fundamentals of cardiac auscultation, how cardiac anatomy and physiology relate to heart sounds, and describe the various heart sounds. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned nurse, it is never too early or too late to add this important diagnostic skill to your assessment tool kit.

  9. Parts Quality Management: Direct Part Marking of Data Matrix Symbol for Mission Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Chantrice; Chakrabarti, Suman; Scott, David W.

    2013-01-01

    A United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) review of twelve NASA programs found widespread parts quality problems contributing to significant cost overruns, schedule delays, and reduced system reliability. Direct part marking with Data Matrix symbols could significantly improve the quality of inventory control and parts lifecycle management. This paper examines the feasibility of using direct part marking technologies for use in future NASA programs. A structural analysis is based on marked material type, operational environment (e.g., ground, suborbital, Low Earth Orbit), durability of marks, ease of operation, reliability, and affordability. A cost-benefits analysis considers marking technology (label printing, data plates, and direct part marking) and marking types (two-dimensional machine-readable, human-readable). Previous NASA parts marking efforts and historical cost data are accounted for, including inhouse vs. outsourced marking. Some marking methods are still under development. While this paper focuses on NASA programs, results may be applicable to a variety of industrial environments.

  10. Parts quality management: Direct part marking of data matrix symbol for mission assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Chantrice; Chakrabarti, Suman; Scott, David W.

    A United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) review of twelve NASA programs found widespread parts quality problems contributing to significant cost overruns, schedule delays, and reduced system reliability. Direct part marking with Data Matrix symbols could significantly improve the quality of inventory control and parts lifecycle management. This paper examines the feasibility of using direct part marking technologies for use in future NASA programs. A structural analysis is based on marked material type, operational environment (e.g., ground, suborbital, Low Earth Orbit), durability of marks, ease of operation, reliability, and affordability. A cost-benefits analysis considers marking technology (label printing, data plates, and direct part marking) and marking types (two-dimensional machine-readable, human-readable). Previous NASA parts marking efforts and historical cost data are accounted for, including in-house vs. outsourced marking. Some marking methods are still under development. While this paper focuses on NASA programs, results may be applicable to a variety of industrial environments.

  11. Treatment of cellulite: Part I. Pathophysiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Misbah H; Victor, Frank; Rao, Babar; Sadick, Neil S

    2010-03-01

    Cellulite is a topographic skin change that is nearly ubiquitous in postpubertal women. Treatment remains elusive. The various treatments currently available are only partially or temporarily effective. Newer therapeutic modalities continue to evolve without much understanding of the complex nature of cellulite. The successful treatment of cellulite will ultimately depend upon our understanding of the pathophysiology of cellulite adipose tissue. Part I of this two-part series on cellulite reviews how the concept and perception of cellulite has evolved over time and its proposed etiologies. The article also focuses on the physiology of human adipose tissue, particularly regarding cellulite.

  12. Plasma Astrophysics, Part I Fundamentals and Practice

    CERN Document Server

    Somov, Boris V

    2012-01-01

    This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. This first part uniquely covers all the basic principles and practical tools required for understanding and work in plasma astrophysics. More than 25% of the text is updated from the first edition, including new figures, equations and entire sections on topics such as magnetic reconnection and the Grad-Shafranov equation. The book is aimed at professional researchers in astrophysics, but it will also be useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, applied physics and mathematics, especially those seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.

  13. Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 2

    OpenAIRE

    ESTÉVEZ MONTERO, RAÚL; Lloret Mauri, Jaime

    2016-01-01

    Es una pieza audiovisual creada con el objeto de atraer la atención de los niños de muy corta edad con el ajedrez y familiarizarlos con todas sus piezas y movimientos. Es una animación dirigida a un público infantil presentada por dibujos animados en 2D, en la que se ha intentado respetar en todo momento el argot de la comunidad ajedredística. En este video se presenta la segunda parte. Estévez Montero, R.; Lloret Mauri, J. (2016). Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 2. http://hdl.handle.net/1...

  14. Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 1

    OpenAIRE

    ESTÉVEZ MONTERO, RAÚL; Lloret Mauri, Jaime

    2016-01-01

    Es una pieza audiovisual creada con el objeto de atraer la atención de los niños de muy corta edad con el ajedrez y familiarizarlos con todas sus piezas y movimientos. Es una animación dirigida a un público infantil presentada por dibujos animados en 2D, en la que se ha intentado respetar en todo momento el argot de la comunidad ajedredística. En este video se presenta la primera parte. Estévez Montero, R.; Lloret Mauri, J. (2016). Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 1. http://hdl.handle.net/1...

  15. Part Ⅱ Typical Cases of Urolithiasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文红; 董洪英; 徐立

    2004-01-01

    @@ CASE 1 Mr. WU, 28 years old, an army man. His first visit was on December 23, 2001. Chief complaints: He complained of having got an acute violent angina in the lumbar region, and the pain radiated toward the medial part of the lower limb. Examination: Pale and suffering complexion, profuse sweating, red tongue with yellowish coating, taut pulse; tapping pain in the left side kidney region. X-ray test suggested calculus in the upper part of the left ureter. He once tried treatment with oral administration of Atropine, but without apparent effect.

  16. Sentence Clustering Using Parts-of-Speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Khoury

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Clustering algorithms are used in many Natural Language Processing (NLP tasks. They have proven to be popular and effective tools to use to discover groups of similar linguistic items. In this exploratory paper, we propose a new clustering algorithm to automatically cluster together similar sentences based on the sentences’ part-of-speech syntax. The algorithm generates and merges together the clusters using a syntactic similarity metric based on a hierarchical organization of the parts-of-speech. We demonstrate the features of this algorithm by implementing it in a question type classification system, in order to determine the positive or negative impact of different changes to the algorithm.

  17. Globalization in the pharmaceutical industry, Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casadio Tarabusi, C; Vickery, G

    1998-01-01

    This is the second of a two-part report on the pharmaceutical industry. Part II begins with a discussion of foreign direct investment and inter-firm networks, which covers international mergers, acquisitions, and minority participation; market shares of foreign-controlled firms; international collaboration agreements (with a special note on agreements in biotechnology); and licensing agreements. The final section of the report covers governmental policies on health and safety regulation, price regulation, industry and technology, trade, foreign investment, protection of intellectual property, and competition.

  18. Part-Time Teachers--or Teachers, Who Work Part-Time?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollington, Mary

    The first and most often cited problem of part-time teachers is the question of remuneration. Most part-timers are paid a per-course amount which almost never represents a true pro-rata proportion of a full-time salary at the same institution. Another problem which often concerns part-timers is that they are not eligible for health insurance or…

  19. Parts : Lihula samba sünd on aasta rumalaim tegu / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts Lihula visiidist, suhtumisest julgestuspolitsei kasutamisse, valitsuskoalitsiooni koostööst erinevate probleemide lahendamisel. Siseminister Margus Leivo kommenteerib julgestuspolitsei kohalolekut Lihulas

  20. Rutgers International Part-Time MBA Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Rutgers Business School has been offering first-rate, graduate business instruction in China on a continuous basis since 1994, longer than any other American business school. The quality of our international part-time MBA program has been recognized in the Financial Times, which cited it as being among the 10 best in the country. Classes are offered in both Beijing and Shanghai.

  1. Parts pakub pensionilisa kinnisvara tagatisel / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 30. jaan. lk. 4. Majandusminister Juhan Parts pakub välja ideed, mis võimaldaks pensionäril saada oma kinnisvara eest igakuist pensionilisa. Vt. samas: Skeem: Pensionilisa kinnisvara tagatisel; Vanurid koduga riskima ei tõtta. Kommenteerivad Valdek Mikkal, Triin Messimas ja Peep Sooman

  2. Multiculturalism, Medicine and Health: Part VI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masi, R.

    1989-01-01

    In this article, which concludes the series, the author presents an overview of the earlier parts, contending that physicians must be aware of, and respond to, cultural factors in our increasingly pluralistic society in order to provide optimum health care for a variety of patients. PMID:21248990

  3. Navy Additive Manufacturing: Adding Parts, Subtracting Steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT NAVY ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING : ADDING PARTS, SUBTRACTING...blank) 2. REPORT DATE June 2015 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED MBA Professional Report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE NAVY ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING ...DISTRIBUTION CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) This study examines additive manufacturing (AM) and describes its potential impact on the Navy’s Supply

  4. Coil in bottom part of splitter magnet

    CERN Multimedia

    1976-01-01

    Radiation-resistant coil being bedded into the bottom part of a splitter magnet. This very particular magnet split the beam into 3 branches, for 3 target stations in the West-Area. See Annual Report 1975, p.176, Figs.14 and 15.

  5. Unified Modern Mathematics, Course 3, Part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

    The first part of Course III focuses on matrix algebra, graphs and functions, and combinatorics. Topics studied include: matrices and transformations, the solution of systems of linear equations, matrix multiplication, matrix inversion and a field of 2 x 2 matrices. The section on graphs and functions considers regions of the plane and…

  6. Unified Modern Mathematics, Course 2, Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

    Topics included in Part 2 of Course II are: real functions; descriptive statistics; transformations in the plane; length, area, and volume; combinatorics; and mass points. The chapter on real functions includes a discussion of properties of functions, composition of functions, inverses of functions and other topics. The chapter on descriptive…

  7. Storytime with Fresh Professor, Part One

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, James

    2016-01-01

    James Miles writes that he wasn't always the Fresh Professor. At one point, he was just another starving actor, trying to make a living. But stories change over time, as do professional desires. This article presents Part One of his story.

  8. Inquiry and Living History, Part I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coatney, Sharon; Smalley, Rachel

    2005-01-01

    This article, the first of a two-part series, introduces the living history program. This yearly, weeklong program features living portrayals of famous people, which becomes a catalyst for teaching curricular standards, as well as providing the spark for inquiry. Here, the authors describe how the yearly living history program was implemented and…

  9. 16 CFR Appendix to Part 460 - Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions Appendix to Part 460 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION Pt... type and thickness of the insulation when they make a representation in an advertisement or...

  10. Hypertension. Part 2: The Role of Medication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanji, Jeffrey L.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the differences between exercise alone and exercise with medication (e.g., diuretics, beta blockers, and ACE inhibitors) for treating hypertensive patients. Guidelines are presented for physicians wanting to change the therapeutic regimen or to step down from medical therapy, noting exercise must always be part of the program. (SM)

  11. Part-Time Work: Solution or Trap?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolle, Patrick

    1997-01-01

    Presents some of the benefits and drawbacks of part-time work and describes measures taken to make the most of the former and counteract the latter, taking care to distinguish the individual and national levels. Discusses definitions and methodology, the difficulties involved in making international comparisons, and the relationship between…

  12. Maintenance Centered Service Parts Inventory Control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.L. van Jaarsveld (Willem)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractHigh-tech capital goods enable the production of many services and articles that have become a part of our daily lives. Examples include the refineries that produce the gasoline we put in our cars, the photolithography systems that enable the production of the chips in our cell phones a

  13. Part-of-Speech Enhanced Context Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Rasmus Elsborg; Larsen, Jan; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2004-01-01

    Language independent `bag-of-words' representations are surprisingly efective for text classi¯cation. In this communi- cation our aim is to elucidate the synergy between language inde- pendent features and simple language model features. We consider term tag features estimated by a so-called part...

  14. More Than Parts of the Human Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栗学锋

    2004-01-01

    The head is considered as the most important part of the humanbody, often compared to a ruler or a leader. So we call the president ofthe U.S.A and the Prime Minister of Great Britain heads of governments (政府首脑). We can also say the head of a firm or a family.

  15. Chinese Women 50 Years On (Part Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    IN accordance with thegovernment’s shift in focustoward the realization of thenation’s modernization in 1978,the year when China adopted itspolicy of reform, the All-ChinaWomen’s Federation mobilizedwomen to take an active part inthe new economic construction. Itplaced this work as its own focusfor the new era.

  16. Mathematics 2000 Part 1: Coursework in Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willson, William Wynne

    1993-01-01

    Presents a history of the question of whether or not to include coursework, versus only traditional exams, as part of the assessment for the British General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) and discusses arguments for and against the inclusion of coursework. (MKR)

  17. Social Security and Part-Time Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Euzeby, Alain

    1988-01-01

    Discusses rules governing social security and their implications for part-time employees in various countries. Topics include (1) methods of financing social security, (2) benefits, (3) measures concerning the unemployed, (4) a floor for employers' contributions, (5) graduated contribution rates, and (6) financial incentives. (CH)

  18. Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part I, German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in German for use with "Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part 1" focus on the development of basic skills through the use of short dialogues and structured exercises. The contents of this guide focus on: (1) course description, (2) broad goals and performance objectives,…

  19. Lernen Wir Deutsch!: Part 2, German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in German for use with "Lernen Wir Deutsch: Part 2" focus on development of basic skills through the use of short dialogues and structured exercises. The grammar of the course includes the study of nouns, pronouns, and verbs. Possessive determiners are…

  20. Dental photography today. Part 1: basic concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    CASAGLIA, A.; DE DOMINICIS, P.; ARCURI, L.; GARGARI, M.; OTTRIA, L.

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY This paper is the first article in a new series on digital dental photography. Part 1 defines the aims and objectives of dental photography for examination, diagnosis and treatment planning, legal and forensic documentation, publishing, education, marketing and communication with patients, dental team members, colleagues and dental laboratory. PMID:28042424

  1. Le Francais Courant: Part V, French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Courant: Part 5" focus on the development of mastery of the basic numbering system and other grammatical structures. Structures include the formation of the present tense of the irregular verbs…

  2. 47 CFR Alphabetical Index - Part 78

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICE Technical Regulations Modulation limits. Pt. 78, Index Alphabetical Index—Part 78 A Antenna... Changes in equipment 78.109 Conditions for license 78.27 Coordination, frequencies 78.36 Cross reference to other rules 78.3 D Definitions 78.5 E Eligibility for license 78.13 Emission designator...

  3. UK semiconductor tracker parts head for CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Holland, Colin

    2005-01-01

    The last of the 4 barrels that make up the central part of the Semiconductor Tracker (SCT), the heart of the biggest physics collaboration in the world have left Oxford for its new home at the European Particle Physics Laboratory, CERN, near Geneva

  4. Unified Modern Mathematics, Course 3, Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

    The second part of Course III includes a study of probability, polynomial, rational and circular functions, and informal space geometry. The chapter on probability presents such topics as probability measure, outcome sets and events, and overview of topics studied in Courses I and II. Chapters on functions include polynomial algebra concepts and…

  5. Auto Parts Market Potential Coming into Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Looking at the increasingly fierce competition in the world auto market,global automobile manufacturing industry,taking Europe,the U.S.and Japan as representatives,is gradually forming a new type of relationship,mutual cooperation between whole vehicle and parts manufacturers.

  6. Structure Property Studies for Additively Manufactured Parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milenski, Helen M [Univ. of Mexico, Los Alamos, NM (United States); Schmalzer, Andrew Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kelly, Daniel [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-17

    Since the invention of modern Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes engineers and designers have worked hard to capitalize on the unique building capabilities that AM allows. By being able to customize the interior fill of parts it is now possible to design components with a controlled density and customized internal structure. The creation of new polymers and polymer composites allow for even greater control over the mechanical properties of AM parts. One of the key reasons to explore AM, is to bring about a new paradigm in part design, where materials can be strategically optimized in a way that conventional subtractive methods cannot achieve. The two processes investigated in my research were the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) process and the Direct Ink Write (DIW) process. The objectives of the research were to determine the impact of in-fill density and morphology on the mechanical properties of FDM parts, and to determine if DIW printed samples could be produced where the filament diameter was varied while the overall density remained constant.

  7. Deburring capabilities for miniature precision parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1976-09-01

    A study was initiated to determine which of 24 major deburring processes are applicable to the production of miniature precision metal components. Component parts of small precision mechanisms typically require near-sharp edges to assure reliable operation. A burr-free condition also is needed to minimize the possibility of the mechanism jamming in the event that burrs should break loose during operation. In the past, the reliable removal of machining burrs and the protection of the near-sharp part edges have dictated that deburring be performed only by hand. This method is inherently time-consuming and operator-variable. Specifically, the study sought to determine the manner in which the burr size affects the operating parameters of each deburring process, and the extent to which part size, surface finish, and edge radii are influenced by the various processes. Tests were performed on thirteen of the more promising processes. Of these, six were studied extensively, and reports on the individual investigations were published. A summary is given of the data that were obtained from tests which involved 30,000 measurements, a study of published literature, and discussions with hundreds of vendors and users of deburring equipment. The data presented describe the mechanism by which each process operates, define its uses and limitations, and provide the best possible estimate of its quantitative effects. This information can be used in the selection of a deburring process to meet specific part requirements. As a result of this investigation, the conclusion was reached that burrs having a major dimension of less than 25.4 ..mu..m (0.001 inch) can be removed by almost any process without adverse effects on part dimensions or surface finish.

  8. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 1171 - Appendix A to Part 1171

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... International Trade Program Small Business Act, section 22. Technical and Management Assistance Small Business... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appendix A to Part 1171 A Appendix A to Part 1171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION...

  9. Visual object agnosia as a problem in integrating parts and part relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saumier, Daniel; Arguin, Martin; Lefebvre, Christine; Lassonde, Maryse

    2002-01-01

    Current models of vision generally assume that the recognition of visual objects is achieved by encoding their component parts, as well as the spatial relations among parts. The current study examined how the processing of parts and their configurations may be affected in visual agnosia due to brain damage. Both a visual agnosic patient (AR) and healthy control subjects performed a visual search task in which they had to discriminate between targets and distractors that varied according to whether they shared their parts and/or their configuration. The results show that AR's visual search rates are disproportionally slow when targets and distractors share the same configuration than when they have different configurations. AR is also found to be disproportionately slow in discriminating targets and distractors that share identical parts when the targets and distractors share the same configuration. With differently configured targets and distractors, AR shows no part sharing effect. For controls, in contrast, the part and configuration sharing effects occur independently of one another. It is concluded that AR's object recognition deficit arises from difficulties in discriminating objects that share their configuration, and from an abnormal dependency of part information processing upon object configuration.

  10. 50 CFR Figure 1 to Part 640 - Figure 1 to Part 640

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Figure 1 to Part 640 1 Figure 1 to Part 640 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE SPINY LOBSTER FISHERY OF THE GULF OF MEXICO AND SOUTH ATLANTIC Pt....

  11. 24 CFR Appendix Ms-2 to Part 3500 - Appendix MS-2 to Part 3500

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT Pt. 3500, App. MS-2 Appendix MS-2 to... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appendix MS-2 to Part 3500 MS Appendix MS-2 to Part 3500 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  12. 24 CFR Appendix Ms-1 to Part 3500 - Appendix MS-1 to Part 3500

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT Pt. 3500, App. MS-1 Appendix MS-1 to... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Appendix MS-1 to Part 3500 MS Appendix MS-1 to Part 3500 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 195 - Programs to Which This Part Applies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Programs to Which This Part Applies A Appendix A...-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 Pt. 195, App. A Appendix A to Part 195—Programs to... consideration, or at a nominal or reduced consideration, on lands under the control of the Department of...

  14. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 4 - Federal Financial Assistance to Which This Part Applies 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Conferences on regulatory programs. Agreements for financial assistance to State officials, without full-cost... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal Financial Assistance to Which This Part Applies 1 A Appendix A to Part 4 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY...

  15. 33 CFR Appendix A to Part 385 - Illustrations to Part 385

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Illustrations to Part 385 A Appendix A to Part 385 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMMATIC REGULATIONS FOR THE COMPREHENSIVE EVERGLADES RESTORATION PLAN Pt. 385,...

  16. 2 CFR Appendix C to Part 230 - Non-Profit Organizations Not Subject to This Part

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Non-Profit Organizations Not Subject to This... GUIDANCE Reserved COST PRINCIPLES FOR NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS (OMB CIRCULAR A-122) Pt. 230, App. C Appendix C to Part 230—Non-Profit Organizations Not Subject to This Part 1. Advance Technology...

  17. Part weight verification between simulation and experiment of plastic part in injection moulding process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amran, M. A. M.; Idayu, N.; Faizal, K. M.; Sanusi, M.; Izamshah, R.; Shahir, M.

    2016-11-01

    In this study, the main objective is to determine the percentage difference of part weight between experimental and simulation work. The effect of process parameters on weight of plastic part is also investigated. The process parameters involved were mould temperature, melt temperature, injection time and cooling time. Autodesk Simulation Moldflow software was used to run the simulation of the plastic part. Taguchi method was selected as Design of Experiment to conduct the experiment. Then, the simulation result was validated with the experimental result. It was found that the minimum and maximum percentage of differential of part weight between simulation and experimental work are 0.35 % and 1.43 % respectively. In addition, the most significant parameter that affected part weight is the mould temperature, followed by melt temperature, injection time and cooling time.

  18. Parts Quality Management: Direct Part Marking via Data Matrix Symbols for Mission Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Chantrice

    2013-01-01

    A United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) review of twelve NASA programs found widespread parts quality problems contributing to significant cost overruns, schedule delays, and reduced system reliability. Direct part-marking with Data Matrix symbols could significantly improve the quality of inventory control and parts lifecycle management. This paper examines the feasibility of using 15 marking technologies for use in future NASA programs. A structural analysis is based on marked material type, operational environment (e.g., ground, suborbital, orbital), durability of marks, ease of operation, reliability, and affordability. A cost-benefits analysis considers marking technology (data plates, label printing, direct part marking) and marking types (two-dimensional machine-readable, human-readable). Previous NASA parts marking efforts and historical cost data are accounted for, including in-house vs. outsourced marking. Some marking methods are still under development. While this paper focuses on NASA programs, results may be applicable to a variety of industrial environments.

  19. Stochastic model of forecasting spare parts demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan S. Milojević

    2012-01-01

    hypothesis of the existence of phenomenon change trends, the next step in the methodology of forecasting is the determination of a specific growth curve that describes the regularity of the development in time. These curves of growth are obtained by the analytical representation (expression of dynamic lines. There are two basic stages in the process of expression and they are: - The choice of the type of curve the shape of which corresponds to the character of the dynamic order variation - the determination of the number of values (evaluation of the curve parameters. The most widespread method of forecasting is the trend extrapolation. The basis of the trend extrapolation is the continuing of past trends in the future. The simplicity of the trend extrapolation process, on the one hand, and the absence of other information on the other hand, are the main reasons why the trend extrapolation is used for forecasting. The trend extrapolation is founded on the following assumptions: - The phenomenon development can be presented as an evolutionary trajectory or trend, - General conditions that influenced the trend development in the past will not undergo substantial changes in the future. Spare parts demand forecasting is constantly being done in all warehouses, workshops, and at all levels. Without demand forecasting, neither planning nor decision making can be done. Demand forecasting is the input for determining the level of reserve, size of the order, ordering cycles, etc. The question that arises is the one of the reliability and accuracy of a forecast and its effects. Forecasting 'by feeling' is not to be dismissed if there is nothing better, but in this case, one must be prepared for forecasting failures that cause unnecessary accumulation of certain spare parts, and also a chronic shortage of other spare parts. All this significantly increases costs and does not provide a satisfactory supply of spare parts. The main problem of the application of this model is that each

  20. SELECTION OF METHOD FOR RESTORATION OF PARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. P. Ivanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper contains definitions for a process and a methodology for restoration of parts on the basis of the analysis of the known methods and their selection. Geometric parameters and operational properties that should be provided for restoration of parts have been determined in the paper. A process for selection of the required method for restoration parts has been improved and it makes it possible to synthesize an optimal process of the restoration according to a criterion of industrial resource consumption with due account of quality, productivity and security limits. A justification on measures that meet the required limits has been presented in the paper. The paper shows a direction of technical solutions that ensure complete use of residual life of repair fund parts. These solutions can be achieved through close application of all repair sizes of work-pieces with revision of their values, uniform removal of the allowance while cutting the work-pieces at optimum locating, application of coating processes only in technically justified cases, application of straightening with thermal fixing of its results or all-around compression of deformable elements. The paper proposes to limit a number of overhauls for the units together with restoration of basic and fundamental parts by two repairs for the whole period of their lifetime. Number of shaft journal building-up should be limited by one building-up operation throughout the whole life cycle of the part with the purpose to preserve its length within the prescribed limits. It has been recommended to expand an application area of volumetric plastic deformation of material in the form of thermoplastic distribution or reduction of repair work-pieces representing class of rotation bodies with holes that ensures an allowance to machine external and internal surfaces for nominal dimensions without coating. A structure of the coating material with fine inclusions of carbides or nitrides of metals and

  1. Multi-part mask for implanting workpieces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webb, Aaron P.; Carlson, Charles T.

    2016-05-10

    A multi-part mask has a pattern plate, which includes a planar portion that has the desired aperture pattern to be used during workpiece processing. The multi-part mask also has a mounting frame, which is used to hold the pattern plate. Prior to assembly, the pattern plate has an aligning portion, which has one or more holes through which reusable alignment pins are inserted. These alignment pins enter kinematic joints disposed on the mounting frame, which serve to precisely align the pattern plate to the mounting frame. After the pattern plate has been secured to the mounting frame, the aligning portion can be detached from the pattern plate. The alignment pins can be reused at a later time. In some embodiments, the pattern plate can later be removed from the mounting frame, so that the mounting frame may be reused.

  2. Shalom Sefarad: Una "erensya" envenenada (Parte I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARINA VARGAS GÓMEZ-URRUTIA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper focus the regulation established in the Law 12/2015, June 24 for granting the Spanish nationality to the Sephardic originating from Spain. The first part analyzes the legislative process (Bill and the differences with the bill sent by the Government to the Congress of Deputies. En este trabajo se da cuenta de la regulación establecida en la Ley 12/2015, de 24 de junio para la concesión de la nacionalidad española a los sefardíes originarios de España. Esta primera parte analiza los antecedentes legislativos (Anteproyecto de Ley y sus diferencias con el Proyecto de Ley remitido por el Gobierno al Congreso de los Diputados

  3. Shalom Sefarad: Una "erensya" envenenada (Parte II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARINA VARGAS GÓMEZ-URRUTIA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper focus the regulation established in the Law 12/2015, June 24 for granting the Spanish nationality to the Sephardic originating from Spain. The second part analyzes the amendments made to the bill during the parliamentary process and critically examines the most important aspects of the final text of the law. En este trabajo se da cuenta de la regulación establecida en la Ley 12/2015, de 24 de junio para la concesión de la nacionalidad española a los sefardíes originarios de España. Esta segunda parte analiza las enmiendas introducidas al Proyecto de Ley durante el proceso parlamentario y examina críticamente los aspectos más relevantes del texto final de la ley.

  4. [Aerosinusitis: part 1: Fundamentals, pathophysiology and prophylaxis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, R; Kühnel, T; Graf, J; Hosemann, W

    2014-01-01

    The relevance of aerosinusitis stems from the high number of flight passengers and the impaired fitness for work of the flight personnel. The frontal sinus is more frequently affected than the maxillary sinus and the condition generally occurs during descent. Sinonasal diseases and anatomic variations leading to obstruction of paranasal sinus ventilation favor the development of aerosinusitis. This Continuing Medical Education (CME) article is based on selective literature searches of the PubMed database (search terms: "aerosinusitis", "barosinusitis", "barotrauma" AND "sinus", "barotrauma" AND "sinusitis", "sinusitis" AND "flying" OR "aviator"). Additionally, currently available monographs and further articles that could be identified based on the publication reviews were also included. Part 1 presents the pathophysiology, symptoms, risk factors, epidemiology and prophylaxis of aerosinusitis. In part 2, diagnosis, conservative and surgical treatment will be discussed.

  5. Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Enns

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute lower gastrointestinal (LGI bleeding is typically caused by vascular malformations, diverticuli and neoplasia. Although endoscopic evaluation of the colon is relatively standard in stable patients with LGI bleeding, those with significant ongoing hemorrhage are often more difficult to evaluate endoscopically. Other investigative techniques such as nuclear scintigraphy, angiography and surgical exploration have been commonly used in unstable patients with LGI bleeding when the exact site is unknown. These investigative techniques have had variable measures of success. This two-part review evaluates the literature in an attempt to review the optimal investigative approach in patients with LGI hemorrhage, in particular patients who have had significant and ongoing bleeding. Part 1 of this article concentrates on the etiology of LGI hemorrhage, followed in a subsequent article by diagnostic and management strategies. Following the review, a consensus update will be included with guidelines for clinical use.

  6. Galeria de partes, Cuerpos Globales, presas locales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Millan de Benavides.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes the ways in which globalization has reconfigured patterns of migration. In addition to entire communities displaced within and outside of Colombia's borders, migratory patterns revolve around flight, exile or the movement of body parts, including legs, brains and reproductive organs. This text addresses distinct types of work and the bodily transactions that each entails when migration occurs; it then explores the consequent visibility or invisibility and resulting legalization or illegality of the re-location of different body parts and the creation of new spaces. Thus, while a prostitute will never receive a visa due to the danger that she represents, a football player will not only receive citizenship, but also a privileged place as raw material in the global marketplace.

  7. Neurofibromatoses: part 1 ? diagnosis and differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Neurofibromatoses (NF are a group of genetic multiple tumor growing predisposition diseases: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2 and schwannomatosis (SCH, which have in common the neural origin of tumors and cutaneous signs. They affect nearly 80 thousand of Brazilians. In recent years, the increased scientific knowledge on NF has allowed better clinical management and reduced complication morbidity, resulting in higher quality of life for NF patients. In most cases, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, clinical geneticists, oncology and internal medicine specialists are able to make the differential diagnosis between NF and other diseases and to identify major NF complications. Nevertheless, due to its great variability in phenotype expression, progressive course, multiple organs involvement and unpredictable natural evolution, NF often requires the support of neurofibromatoses specialists for proper treatment and genetic counseling. This Part 1 offers step-by-step guidelines for NF differential diagnosis. Part 2 will present the NF clinical management.

  8. Plasma Astrophysics, part II Reconnection and Flares

    CERN Document Server

    Somov, Boris V

    2007-01-01

    This well-illustrated monograph is devoted to classic fundamentals, current practice, and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. The first part is unique in covering all the basic principles and practical tools required for understanding and working in plasma astrophysics. The second part presents the physics of magnetic reconnection and flares of electromagnetic origin in space plasmas within the solar system; single and double stars, relativistic objects, accretion disks, and their coronae are also covered. This book is designed mainly for professional researchers in astrophysics. However, it will also be interesting and useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, as well as advanced students in applied physics and mathematics seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.

  9. Plasma Astrophysics, Part I Fundamentals and Practice

    CERN Document Server

    Somov, Boris V

    2006-01-01

    This well-illustrated monograph is devoted to classic fundamentals, current practice, and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. The first part is unique in covering all the basic principles and practical tools required for understanding and working in plasma astrophysics. The second part presents the physics of magnetic reconnection and flares of electromagnetic origin in space plasmas within the solar system; single and double stars, relativistic objects, accretion disks, and their coronae are also covered. This book is designed mainly for professional researchers in astrophysics. However, it will also be interesting and useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, as well as advanced students in applied physics and mathematics seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.

  10. Small part ultrasound in childhood and adolescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wunsch, R., E-mail: R.Wunsch@kinderklinik-datteln.de [Department of Pediatric Radiology, Vestic Children' s Hospital Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Dr.-Friedrich-Steiner-Strasse 5, D-45711 Datteln (Germany); Rohden, L. von, E-mail: l.vonrohden@gmx.de [Department of Pediatric Radiology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Klinik f. Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin – Kinderradiologie, Leipziger Straße 44, D-39120 Magdeburg (Germany); Cleaveland, R. [Department of Pediatric Radiology, Vestic Children' s Hospital Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Dr.-Friedrich-Steiner-Strasse 5, D-45711 Datteln (Germany); Aumann, V., E-mail: volker.aumann@med.ovgu.de [Department of Pediatric Haematology and Oncology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Universitätskinderklinik (H 10), Pädiatrische Hämatologie und Onkologie, Leipziger Straße 44, D-39120 Magdeburg (Germany)

    2014-09-15

    Small-part sonography refers to the display of small, near-surface structures using high-frequency linear array transducers. Traditional applications for small part ultrasound imaging include visualization and differential diagnostic evaluation in unclear superficial bodily structures with solid, liquid and mixed texture, as well as similar structures in nearly superficial organs such as the thyroid glands and the testes. Furthermore indications in the head and neck regions are the assessment of the outer CSF spaces in infants, the sonography of the orbit, the sonography of the walls of the large neck vessels, the visualization of superficially situated lymph nodes and neoplasms. Clinical evidence concludes that sonography, having of all imaging modalities the highest spatial resolution in the millimeter- and micrometer range (100–1000 μm), can be considered the best suited technique for examining superficial pathological formations and near-surface organs. In addition, it delivers important information about characteristic, often pathognomonic tissue architecture in pathological processes.

  11. Therapeutic Songwriting in Music Therapy Part I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Felicity; Wigram, Tony; Stott, Dave

    2008-01-01

    Songwriting as therapeutic intervention has received increasing attention in the field of music therapy over the past decade however much of the publications focus on clinical outcomes rather than methods of practice. This paper, part of a two-part research report into trends in the clinical...... practice of songwriting, aims to describe the most frequently employed goal areas across a range of clinical populations and compare these findings with the published literature. Responses to a 21-question on-line survey were obtained from 477 professional music therapists practicing in 29 countries which...... of songwriting clinical practice and the frequency with which songwriting is employed in practice. The data highlights that songwriting is frequently employed in developmental disability and ASD practice, with reports on songwriting with these diagnostic groups being underrepresented in the music therapy...

  12. Improvement of Automotive Part Supplier Performance Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kongmunee, Chalermkwan; Chutima, Parames

    2016-05-01

    This research investigates the problem of the part supplier performance evaluation in a major Japanese automotive plant in Thailand. Its current evaluation scheme is based on experiences and self-opinion of the evaluators. As a result, many poor performance suppliers are still considered as good suppliers and allow to supply parts to the plant without further improvement obligation. To alleviate this problem, the brainstorming session among stakeholders and evaluators are formally conducted. The result of which is the appropriate evaluation criteria and sub-criteria. The analytical hierarchy process is also used to find suitable weights for each criteria and sub-criteria. The results show that a newly developed evaluation method is significantly better than the previous one in segregating between good and poor suppliers.

  13. The Unexplained Part of Public Debt

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This paper shows that budget deficits account for a relatively small fraction of debt growth and that stock-flow reconciliation, which is often considered a residual entity, is one of the key determinants of debt dynamics. After having explained the importance of the stock-flow reconciliation, the paper shows that this residual entity can be partly explained by contingent liabilities and balancesheet effects.

  14. Renewable energy sources 1991, part 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalicka, L.

    1991-12-01

    The Fourth International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources was held at Prague Technical University from 1-4 Jul. 1991. Part 3 of the proceedings contains a report on the conference and 10 contributions, of which 2 were inputted in INIS: one deals with the economic problems of wind-, solar- and oil-driven water pumps, the other deals with the decrease in sunshine brought about by the operation of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants.

  15. Treatment of superficial mycoses: review - part II

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin and nails are a major cause of morbidity in the world. Choosing the right treatment is not always simple because of the possibility of drug interactions and side effects. The first part of the article discusses the main treatments for superficial mycoses - keratophytoses, dermatophytosis, candidiasis, with a practical approach to the most commonly-used topical and systemic drugs , referring also to their dosage and duration of use. Promising new...

  16. Treatment of superficial mycoses: review - part II*

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin and nails are a major cause of morbidity in the world. Choosing the right treatment is not always simple because of the possibility of drug interactions and side effects. The first part of the article discusses the main treatments for superficial mycoses - keratophytoses, dermatophytosis, candidiasis, with a practical approach to the most commonly-used topical and systemic drugs , referring also to their dosage and duration of use. Promising new...

  17. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part I

    OpenAIRE

    Indrajit I; Alam A

    2010-01-01

    Computers are an integral part of modern radiology practice. They are used in different radiology modalities to acquire, process, and postprocess imaging data. They have had a dramatic influence on contemporary radiology practice. Their impact has extended further with the emergence of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS), Radiology information system (RIS) technology, and Teleradiology. A basic overview of computer hardware...

  18. Obesity in pregnancy. Part 2: management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Frankie

    2013-01-01

    Obesity is placing a huge burden on healthcare resources and the wellbeing of individuals. The first article in this two part series (October 2012) reviewed the prevalence of obesity in pregnancy and the increased risks for pregnant women to their own and their babies' health. Management of obesity during pregnancy also places a large burden on midwifery resources. A renewed focus is needed on achieving a healthy weight for pregnancy to ensure optimal outcomes and reduce risks.

  19. CYCLODEXTRINS – FIELDS OF APPLICATION. PART I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Duca

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This review is dedicated to different fields of use of cyclodextrins, a family of three cyclic natural oligosaccharides and their derivatives. The first part of the review gives a brief description of the main and the most recent developed applications of cyclodextrins in food, cosmetic industry, environmental protection technologies and agriculture. Different products based on inclusion complexes with cyclodextrins and technologies with different use of cyclodextrins and inclusion complexes are described.

  20. SOLIDWORKS COSTING ANALYSYS ON A DESIGNED PART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin IANCU

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paperwork are presented the SolidWorks analysis steps taken for costing study of a designed part, using Costing module. There are presented the settings that have to be done for such analysis and the results shown by this software module. The costing elements that are taken into account are specific to default costing templates in SolidWorks, but can be adjusted (edited to costs specific to a given enterprise.

  1. SOLIDWORKS SIMULATIONEXPRESS ANALYSYS ON A DESIGNED PART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălin IANCU

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paperwork are presented the SolidWorks analysis steps taken for to preliminary strength study of a designed part, using SimulationExpress module. There are presented the settings that have to be done for such analysis and the results shown by this software module. The MEF elements that are taken into account are specific to a static analysis completed with imposed safety factor distribution.

  2. Surgical history of ancient China: Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2010-03-01

    In this second part of ancient Chinese surgical history, the practice of bone setting in China began around 3000 years ago. Throughout this period, significant progress was made, some highlights of which are cited. These methods, comparable with Western orthopaedic technique, are still being practised today. In conclusion, the possible reasons for the lack of advancement in operative surgery are discussed, within context of the cultural, social and religious background of ancient China.

  3. Master plan Modoc National Wildlife Refuge [ Part I and Part II

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Master Plan, consisting of three parts, is designed to accomplish sound and orderly development of Modoc Refuge and provides for a continuing program of wildlife...

  4. Peaminister Parts : lapsed olgu meist targemad / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuus tunnistab peaminister Juhan Parts end roheliseks poliitikuks, nimetab valitsusliitu parimaks võimalikuks ja soovitab tudengitel kõigepealt õppida ning annab valitsuse 100 päeva hindeks "neli miinus". Kommenteerivad: Evelyn Sepp, Tarmo Loodus, Ivari Padar

  5. Parts : valitsuskoostöö pole armastus / Juhan Parts ; interv. Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaministri ametisse asuv Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele Res Publicat käsitleva peaminister Siim Kallase kirja, oma koalitsioonipartnerite usaldatavuse, ministritele seatavate kriteeriumide, kokkuhoiu, ametiautode süsteemi muutmise, erakondade rahastamise, iibe kohta

  6. Parts lubab eestlasliku korra riigis majja lüüa / Juhan Parts ; interv. Urmet Kook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Res Publica esimees Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele erakonna valimislubaduste, valimisloosungi, sündimuspoliitika, EL-iga liitumise kohta, Eesti-Vene suhetes läbimurde saavutamise võimalikkusest, parteide rahastamisest

  7. Juhan Parts : mina olen ka kodanikuühiskond / Juhan Parts ; interv. Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele kodanikuühenduste, nende rolli, toetamise, koalitsioonileppe avaliku arutamise, valitsuse ja kodanikuühenduste ühiskomisjoni moodustamise, annetamise kohta

  8. Juhan Parts : oleme Isamaaliiduga lähedased / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Isamaaliitu kui Res Publicale kõige lähedasemat võimalikku koalitsioonipartnerit, nn suure koalitsiooni tekkimise võimalust. Skeem: Jõujooned Riigikogus

  9. Parts : valitsus ei saa kukkuda heade kavatsuste pärast / Juhan Parts ; interv. Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Pärnu Postimees 16. märts, lk. 7. Peaminister Juhan Parts selgitab olukorda valitsuses, võimalikust umbusalduse avaldamisest justiitsminister Ken-Marti Vaherile, võimuliidu püsimajäämise tingimustest

  10. Peaminister Parts : "ei" seisukohaga Keskerakonnaga valitsust ei tee / Juhan Parts ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts tõdeb, et Keskerakonna juht Edgar Savisaar on selgelt väljendanud oma eitavat seisukohta Eesti EL-iga liitumise suhtes ning sellelt pinnalt on võimu jagamine Keskerakonnaga võimatu

  11. Peaminister Juhan Parts ei plaani ametit maha panna / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts pooldab paremerakondade ühinemist, ei kavatse ametist lahkuda ning peab valitsuse üheks ülesandeks rahvaarutelu algatamist vabaduse samba üle. Lisa: Ene Ergma kõnest Riigikogus (13.09.2004)

  12. Parts : oleme valmis kompromissideks / Juhan Parts ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud Brüsselis algava Euroopa Liidu ülemkogu ehk EL-i valitsusjuhtide tippkohtumisega, põhiseaduse lepingu projektiga. Vt. samas: Volinike arvu piiramine kasulik

  13. EXTRACCIÓN Y MEDIDA DE ACTIVIDAD DE PECTIN METIL ESTEARASA EN PITAYA AMARILLA (Acanthocereus pitajaya, ENZIMA RELACIONADA CON EL ABLANDAMIENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NARVAEZ-CUENCA CARLOS

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN

    En diversas técnicas aplicadas para la conservación en fresco de la pitaya amarilla (Acanthocereus pitajaya se ha encontrado que el ablandamiento excesivo de su corteza contribuye al deterioro de su calidad. Puesto que pectinmetilestearasa (PME se ha vinculado con el ablandamiento de frutos este estudio se desarrolló con el objeto de determinar el efecto de la incorporación de los aditivos tritón X-100, NaCl y cisteína en buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0 sobre la cantidad de proteína extraída y sobre la actividad de PME. También se evaluó la necesidad de recu-rrir al proceso de diálisis en buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0. En la medida de actividad se pusieron a punto el tiempo de incubación, la concentración del cofactor NaCl, pH, temperatura y concentración de sustrato (pectina cítrica. Se encontró que el mejor sistema de extracción fue el compuesto por buffer fosfato 20 mM, pH 7,0 con concen-traciones de NaCl que pueden estar entre 0,0 a 1,0 M. La medida de actividad se puede realizar empleando pectina cítrica entre 0,40 a 0,75%, a valores de pH entre 5,0 a 8,0, con incubación a una temperatura entre 40 a 45 °C, durante 2,5 min.

    Palabras claves: pectinmetilesterasa, pectina, ablandamiento, frutas, pitaya.

    ABSTRACT Using diverse techniques applied to keep the freshness of yellow pitaya (Acanthocereus pitajaya fruit it has been found that excessive softening of its crust leads to quality deterioration. Since pectinmethyl esterase (PME has been related to fruit softening in this study we evaluated the protein levels and the PME activity after the addition of Triton X-100 1% and NaCl in concentrations from 0 to 2 M in buffer 20 mM phosphate pH 7.0. Effects of cysteine addition and dialysis were also evaluated for the extraction Acta biol. Colomb., Vol. 14 No. 2, 2009 73 - 82 processes. Factors that can affect the activity of PME such as incubation time, different NaCl concentration, as value level of pH during the incubation, temperature and pectin (citric pectin concentration were evaluated. The best system found in this study for PME extraction was buffer phosphate 20 mM, pH 7.0 and NaCl from 0.0 to 1.0 M. The best system for the activity measurement is to use pectin from 0.40 to 0.75%, keep the pH between 5 and 8 and incubate from 40 to 45 °C during 2.5 min.

    Key words: Pectinmetilesterase, pectin, softening, fruits, pitaya.

  14. EXTRACCIÓN Y MEDIDA DE ACTIVIDAD DE PECTIN METIL ESTEARASA EN PITAYA AMARILLA (Acanthocereus pitajaya, ENZIMA RELACIONADA CON EL ABLANDAMIENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    INGRID LILIANA CARABALÍ MIRANDA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En diversas técnicas aplicadas para la conservación en fresco de la pitaya amarilla (Acanthocereus pitajaya se ha encontrado que el ablandamiento excesivo de su corteza contribuye al deterioro de su calidad. Puesto que pectinmetilestearasa (PME se ha vinculado con el ablandamiento de frutos este estudio se desarrolló con el objeto de determinar el efecto de la incorporación de los aditivos tritón X-100, NaCl y cisteína en buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0 sobre la cantidad de proteína extraída y sobre la actividad de PME. También se evaluó la necesidad de recurrir al proceso de diálisis en buffer fosfatos 20 mM pH 7,0. En la medida de actividad se pusieron a punto el tiempo de incubación, la concentración del cofactor NaCl, pH, temperatura y concentración de sustrato (pectina cítrica. Se encontró que el mejor sistema de extracción fue el compuesto por buffer fosfato 20 mM, pH 7,0 con concen-traciones de NaCl que pueden estar entre 0,0 a 1,0 M. La medida de actividad se puede realizar empleando pectina cítrica entre 0,40 a 0,75%, a valores de pH entre 5,0 a 8,0, con incubación a una temperatura entre 40 a 45 °C, durante 2,5 min.

  15. Uso de una conantokina y anticuerpos policlonales para identificar la subunidad NR2B del receptor n-metil-d-aspartato

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo. Proponer una metodología de identificación de la subunidad NR2B, mediante el uso de conantokina G, así como una adecuada extracción de la subunidad NR2B. Materiales y métodos. Se ensayaron dos metodologías para la extracción de la subunidad NR2B de cerebro de rata adulta, la primera buscó la extracción de la subunidad a partir de la membrana mediante la utilización del detergente deoxicolato de sodio y la segunda, garantizó primero la solubilización y eliminación de proteínas citopl...

  16. Síntesis de estructuras alfa-metilén-gamma-butirolactónicas y análogos nitrogenados. Evaluación como posibles agentes antitumorales

    OpenAIRE

    Santos Álvarez, David

    2015-01-01

    [spa] El presente trabajo aborda la preparación de varios compuestos lactónicos naturales y sintéticos de posible actividad antitumoral, aplicando para ello los fundamentos y resultados de nuestras diferentes líneas de investigación como herramienta sintética. Como complemento hemos llevado a cabo la evaluación de su actividad citotóxica hacia líneas celulares de cáncer humano, para estudiar su aplicación como posibles agentes antineoplásicos. En las primeras aproximaciones, empleamos el pro...

  17. Vertical deformation at western part of Sumatra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Febriyani, Caroline, E-mail: caroline.fanuel@students.itb.ac.id; Prijatna, Kosasih, E-mail: prijatna@gd.itb.ac.id; Meilano, Irwan, E-mail: irwan.meilano@gd.itb.ac.id

    2015-04-24

    This research tries to make advancement in GPS signal processing to estimate the interseismic vertical deformation field at western part of Sumatra Island. The data derived by Continuous Global Positioning System (CGPS) from Badan Informasi Geospasial (BIG) between 2010 and 2012. GPS Analyze at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (GAMIT) software and Global Kalman Filter (GLOBK) software are used to process the GPS signal to estimate the vertical velocities of the CGPS station. In order to minimize noise due to atmospheric delay, Vienna Mapping Function 1 (VMF1) is used as atmospheric parameter model and include daily IONEX file provided by the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) as well. It improves GAMIT daily position accuracy up to 0.8 mm. In a second step of processing, the GLOBK is used in order to estimate site positions and velocities in the ITRF08 reference frame. The result shows that the uncertainties of estimated displacement velocity at all CGPS stations are smaller than 1.5 mm/yr. The subsided deformation patterns are seen at the northern and southern part of west Sumatra. The vertical deformation at northern part of west Sumatra indicates postseismic phase associated with the 2010 and 2012 Northern Sumatra earthquakes and also the long-term postseismic associated with the 2004 and 2005 Northern Sumatra earthquakes. The uplifted deformation patterns are seen from Bukit Tinggi to Seblat which indicate a long-term interseismic phase after the 2007 Bengkulu earthquake and 2010 Mentawai earthquake. GANO station shows a subsidence at rate 12.25 mm/yr, indicating the overriding Indo-Australia Plate which is dragged down by the subducting Southeast Asian Plate.

  18. Reversible part of a quantum dynamical system

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In this work a quantum dynamical system $(\\mathfrak M,\\Phi, \\varphi)$ is constituted by a von Neumann algebra $\\mathfrak M$, by a unital Schwartz map $\\Phi:\\mathfrak{M\\rightarrow M}$ and by a $\\Phi$-invariant normal faithful state $\\varphi$ on $\\mathfrak M$. The ergodic properties of a quantum dynamical system, depends on its reversible part $(\\mathfrak{D}_\\infty,\\Phi_\\infty, \\varphi_\\infty)$. It is constituted by a von Neumann sub-algebra $\\mathfrak{D}_\\infty$ of $\\mathfrak M$ by an automorp...

  19. User prototypes as partly unconscious communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glasemann, Marie; Kanstrup, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce user prototypes as a technique that supports users’ articulation of emotions relevant for design: dreams, fears, motivations – their feelings and aspirations. Following Bateson’s writings about communication through art, we consider user prototypes as “partly unconscious...... emotional themes related to youth identity, the burden of being young with a chronic illness, and the need to be connected and feel safe through design of prototypes. The new conceptual space that arises from user prototypes shows potential for addressing emotions when designing for health and for further...... development of the technique user prototypes....

  20. The Anatomy of the Gyroscope. Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    ollington. Dr G.Beardmore and Mr D.S.Markham of Sias Industries Aerospacce & Defence System-, Ltd -ulso Lt Colonel P.Carrd FAF: Lt Colonel A.Rocher and...nrlla ieria de. giroscopi asirnmrnciapesarsi Aid della Realc Accademia dcj Lineci. Series 5 Rndleondi28f til .2 6 6-2 70, 325-331.341-346. S ibid. Series...Part 2 pages L51I-L53 Hung, J.C1Thedip~einduced erro, ithe kse of trtZme yos IEEE Trahsactions of Industrial Electronics IE 30 No.1I (1983) pp.7-9

  1. Compressor Part I: Measurement and Design Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas W. Bein

    1999-01-01

    method used to design the 125-ton compressor is first reviewed and some related performance curves are predicted based on a quasi-3D method. In addition to an overall performance measurement, a series of instruments were installed on the compressor to identify where the measured performance differs from the predicted performance. The measurement techniques for providing the diagnostic flow parameters are also described briefly. Part II of this paper provides predictions of flow details in the areas of the compressor where there were differences between the measured and predicted performance.

  2. Coastal pollution emergency plan. Part I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Semanov, G.; Volkov, V.; Somkin, V.; Iljushenko-Krylov, D.

    1997-12-31

    A higher degree of ecological safety in ship traffic depends on onboard measures as well as reception facilities on shore, treatment of ship generated wastes and preparedness for combating emergency oil spills. The problem is particularly acute in the North Sea Route (NSR) due to high vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystems, low rates of natural degradation of oil, absence of forward coastal infrastructure, low efficiency of oil combating means in ice conditions and severe climatic conditions. Oil spills in the NSR are likely to occur as the offshore production and transportation of oil increase. Therefore a regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan (OSCP) is being constructed and developed on 3 levels: 1) Development of concept, definition of response organisations and their technical ability (Part I). 2) Collection and analysis of information, development of scenarios of probable oil spills, clearing of the funding mechanism and basis for additional outside co-operation from other Russian regions and circumpolar countries (part II). 3) Development of NSR OSCP (part III). The present report (part I) provides the plan concept, rescue organisations and data on types and amounts of the oil spill combating technical means and of the floating facilities available in the NSR or it`s vicinity. The concept takes into account subdivision of the Route, interaction and links between responsible organisations, realities of the Russian Arctic such as transport, communications, energy, labour resources etc. and requirements of the IMO and of the International Convention OPRC 90. According to Russian legislation implementation of combating operations at sea is the responsibility of the Maritime Pollution Control and Salvage Administration that consists of a Central Administration and basin emergency divisions situated in Murmansk and Nahodka. The body is responsible for carrying out cleaning operations at sea from installations and may be assisted by resources and means of the co

  3. Renewable energy sources 1991, part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalicka, L.

    1991-12-01

    The International Conference on Renewable Energy Sources was held in Prague on 1-4 Jul. 1991. Part 2 of the proceedings is devoted to the use of the energy of wind, biogas, and small hydroelectric sources. The publication contains 14 contributions, of which 3 were inputted in INIS. Topics covered include: a wind power plant in Sweden and its environmental impacts, economic aspects of the introduction of alternative energy sources in Czechoslovakia, and the efficiency of application of a Fresnel lens-based solar collector.

  4. Treatment of superficial mycoses: review - part II*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni; Bernardes-Filho, Fred; Quaresma-Santos, Maria Victória Pinto; Amorim, Adriana Gutstein da Fonseca; Schechtman, Regina Casz; Azulay, David Rubem

    2013-01-01

    Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin and nails are a major cause of morbidity in the world. Choosing the right treatment is not always simple because of the possibility of drug interactions and side effects. The first part of the article discusses the main treatments for superficial mycoses - keratophytoses, dermatophytosis, candidiasis, with a practical approach to the most commonly-used topical and systemic drugs , referring also to their dosage and duration of use. Promising new, antifungal therapeutic alternatives are also highlighted, as well as available options on the Brazilian and world markets. PMID:24474103

  5. Treatment of superficial mycoses: review. Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni; Bernardes-Filho, Fred; Quaresma-Santos, Maria Victória Pinto; Amorim, Adriana Gutstein da Fonseca; Schechtman, Regina Casz; Azulay, David Rubem

    2013-01-01

    Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin and nails are a major cause of morbidity in the world. Choosing the right treatment is not always simple because of the possibility of drug interactions and side effects. The first part of the article discusses the main treatments for superficial mycoses - keratophytoses, dermatophytosis, candidiasis, with a practical approach to the most commonly-used topical and systemic drugs , referring also to their dosage and duration of use. Promising new, antifungal therapeutic alternatives are also highlighted, as well as available options on the Brazilian and world markets.

  6. Topics in current aerosol research (part2)

    CERN Document Server

    Hidy, G M

    1972-01-01

    Topics in Current Aerosol Research, Part 2 contains some selected articles in the field of aerosol study. The chosen topics deal extensively with the theory of diffusiophoresis and thermophoresis. Also covered in the book is the mathematical treatment of integrodifferential equations originating from the theory of aerosol coagulation. The book is the third volume of the series entitled International Reviews in Aerosol Physics and Chemistry. The text offers significant understanding of the methods employed to develop a theory for thermophoretic and diffusiophoretic forces acting on spheres in t

  7. New particle searches in ALEPH (part II)

    CERN Document Server

    Roussarie, A

    1991-01-01

    This report is the second part of the ALEPH search report . I t covers the search for super - symmetric particles (Higgs , chargino s an d neutralinos ) withi n th e framewor k o f th e Minima l Supersymmmetri c Standar d Mode l an d th e searc h fo r composi t charge d lepton s an d neutrinos . Lowe r limit s o f masse s o f suc h ne w particle s ar e given . Mos t o f the m ar e ver y clos e t o th e LE P I kenematica l limit .

  8. Simulation in Wood Industry. Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihály Varga

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this simulation is to introduce and realize a part of material flow of an international furniture manufacturing company. This simulation was made with a special process-simulation software, called SIMUL8. With SIMUL8 we could simulate the whole process under real circumstances, and obtain the actual values of specific parameters relevant for the company. This opportunity helped the company to develop its strategy - to maximize the production efficiency and to find out the possibble bottle-necks without making any investment, and to rearrange the workcenters effectively.

  9. A learning apprentice for software parts composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Bradley P.; Holtzman, Peter L.

    1987-01-01

    An overview of the knowledge acquisition component of the Bauhaus, a prototype computer aided software engineering (CASE) workstation for the development of domain-specific automatic programming systems (D-SAPS) is given. D-SAPS use domain knowledge in the refinement of a description of an application program into a compilable implementation. The approach to the construction of D-SAPS was to automate the process of refining a description of a program, expressed in an object-oriented domain language, into a configuration of software parts that implement the behavior of the domain objects.

  10. Charpy Impact Test on Polymeric Molded Parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Raicu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the Charpy impact tests on the AcrylonitrileButadiene-Styrene (ABS polymeric material parts. The Charpy impact test, also known as the Charpy V-notch test, is a standardized strain rate test which determines the amount of energy absorbed by a material during fracture. This is a typical method described in ASTM Standard D 6110. We use for testing an Instron - Dynatup equipment which have a fully integrated hardware and software package that let us capture load information at very high speed from the impact tests.

  11. Difficult asthma: assessment and management, Part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Aidan A; Fanta, Christopher H

    2012-01-01

    A minority of asthma patients have disease that proves difficult to control with usual medications and experience ongoing symptoms, poor quality of life, and limitations in activity and/or frequent asthma exacerbations. This group of patients accounts for much of the expense associated with asthma care and is the focus of national and international collaborative study groups. Distinguishing between "difficult-to-manage asthma" and truly "therapy-resistant asthma" is helpful and promotes a systematic consideration of contributory factors. Critical evaluation of factors contributing to difficult-to-manage asthma including adverse environment, comorbidities, nonadherence, and incorrect diagnosis is recommended in a systematic fashion in Part 1 of this contribution.

  12. NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Sampson, Michael J.

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews NASA's Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program. The NEPP mission is to provide guidance to NASA for the selection and and application of microelectronics technologies, to improve understanding of the risks related to the use of these technologies in the space environment and to ensure that appropriate research is performed to meet NASA mission needs. The NEPP Program focuses on the reliability aspects of electronic devices. Three principal aspects to this reliability: (1) lifetime, (2) effects of space radiation and the space environment, and (3) creation and maintenance of the assurance support infrastructure required for success.

  13. La urdimbre del tejido social II Parte

    OpenAIRE

    Galindo Cáceres, Jesús

    1985-01-01

    El artículo corresponde a al segunda parte del trabajo titulado "La urdimbre dle tejido social" que apareciera en el número 6 de nuestra Revista. Después de iniciar una reflexión alrededor del análisis de la composiciónsocial y su relación con elementos tales como el Estado y el poder, el autor pasa a considerar elementos como comunicación y hegemonía presentes al interior de la organización social.

  14. LOGISTICS AS A PART OF INNOVATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Loučanová

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the importance of logistics in innovation process. The issue is focused on management of different logistic processes building on the innovation and on innovation process. However, logistics is an essential part of this process. The results describe logistics chain within innovation process for the satisfaction of customers´ demand and fulfilment of customers’ requests on the innovation. This approach involves “7S of logistics” which means: “create proper innovation, in the proper quality, for the right place and in the right time, as well as, with the proper price and package”.

  15. Electroerosión. 1a. Parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José William Moreno Portillo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Mediante este trabajo se quiere dar a conocer los principios básicos que gobiernan el proceso de electroerosión, las partes principales de los equipos que se utilizan en el proceso y sus funciones, al igual que los principios de operación y sus principales parámetros tecnológicos. También se pretende dar algunos criterios que se deben tener en cuenta para la selección de un equipo de electroerosión y se hacen algunas consideraciones sobre el diseño de piezas que se van a obtener mediante este proceso.

  16. Modification of the surface of parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonova, L. A.; Chernova, M. A.; Zvezdin, V. V.

    2016-06-01

    The increasing wear resistance of parts is one of the main tasks of engineering. The achievement of stable parameters is a difficult task. It depends on capabilities of equipment, type of evaporator, interaction evaporator with the evaporating substance and deposition process.The control system must foresee and identify emerging cracks or damage of the system components. At every stage software of control process system must automatically make the optimal decisions based on information about the process. It also improves the efficiency of the operator. This article focuses on the results of using intelligent control system technological process.

  17. Drugs, money and society (Part II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walley, Tom

    2010-09-01

    Pharmacoeconomics started as marketing but has developed into a valuable tool in the fuller assessment of drug therapies. Its principles are now widely accepted, and many countries have government-funded agencies with responsibility for its application, most notably the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in England. Many clinical pharmacologists are active in this area, and the discipline itself is part of the clinical pharmacology trainees' curriculum. Further developments will include value-based pricing and its use in cost sharing arrangements between health service and manufacturers.

  18. Ergonomics as a missing part of sustainability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlovic-Veselinovic, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    In the last twenty years, terms such as sustainable development, environmental protection, and sustainable design have been widely exploited, often without justification. Does ergonomics have a legitimate need or right to use these terms and to be the part of the process to which they refer? This paper discusses the relationship between ergonomics and the concept of sustainable development and its three elements of sustainability (environmental, social and economic), as the steps ergonomists need to take to secure and strengthen the influence in sustainability topics.

  19. Body-Part Tracking of Infants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Mikkel Damgaard; Herskind, Anna; Nielsen, Jens Bo;

    2014-01-01

    Motion tracking is a widely used technique to analyze and measure adult human movement. However, these methods cannot be transferred directly to motion tracking of infants due to the big differences in the underlying human model. However, motion tracking of infants can be used for automatic...... analysis of infant development and might be able to tell something about possible motor disabilities such as cerebral palsy. In this paper, we address markerless 3D body part detection of infants using a widely available depth sensor and discuss some of the major challenges that arise. We present a method...

  20. Surgical history of ancient China: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2009-12-01

    Although surgery was an accepted and quite proficient craft very early on in Chinese history, it has deteriorated through the ages. Despite the fact that anaesthetic agents in major surgery were employed during the third century, Chinese surgery is conspicuous by its stagnation. Reverence for the dead, filial piety, abhorrence of shedding blood and other conservative attitudes make it impossible for any accurate knowledge of the human anatomy and physiology, without which surgery cannot progress. This article surveys some highlights in the history of surgery in ancient China and examines the factors responsible for its decline. The second concluding part deals with orthopaedics.

  1. Silicon integrated circuits part A : supplement 2

    CERN Document Server

    Kahng, Dawon

    1981-01-01

    Applied Solid State Science, Supplement 2: Silicon Integrated Circuits, Part A focuses on MOS device physics. This book is divided into three chapters-physics of the MOS transistor; nonvolatile memories; and properties of silicon-on-sapphire substrates devices, and integrated circuits. The topics covered include the short channel effects, MOSFET structures, floating gate devices, technology for nonvolatile semiconductor memories, sapphire substrates, and SOS integrated circuits and systems. The MOS capacitor, MIOS devices, and SOS process and device technology are also deliberated. This public

  2. Diabetes mellitus, part 1: physiology and complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Muralitharan

    In part 1 of this 2-part article the author discusses the physiology and complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), a chronic and progressive disorder which affects all ages of the population. The number of people diagnosed with diabetes is approximately 1.8 million and an estimated further 1 million are undiagnosed (Department of Health, 2005). In the UK, 1-2% of the population have diabetes and among school children this is approximately 2 in 1000 (Watkins, 1996). There are two main types of diabetes--type 1 and type 2 (Porth, 2005). The aetiology of DM is unknown; however, genetic and environmental factors have been linked to its development. Type 1 results from the loss of insulin production in the beta cells of the pancreas, and type 2 from a lack of serum insulin or poor uptake of glucose into the cells. Diabetes causes disease in many organs in the body, which may be life-threatening if untreated. Complications such as heart disease, vascular disease, renal failure and blindness (Roberts, 2005) have all been reported. The increased prevalence may be caused by factors such as environmental aspects, diet, an ageing population and low levels of physical exercise.

  3. Anomalous transport from holography: Part II

    CERN Document Server

    Bu, Yanyan; Sharon, Amir

    2016-01-01

    This is a second study of chiral anomaly induced transport within a holographic model consisting of anomalous $U(1)_V\\times U(1)_A$ Maxwell theory in Schwarzschild-$AdS_5$ spacetime. In the first part, chiral magnetic/separation effects (CME/CSE) are considered in presence of a static spatially-inhomogeneous external magnetic field. Gradient corrections to CME/CSE are analytically evaluated up to third order in the derivative expansion. Some of the third order gradient corrections lead to an anomaly-induced negative $B^2$-correction to the diffusion constant. We also find non-linear modifications to the chiral magnetic wave (CMW). In the second part, we focus on the experimentally interesting case of the axial chemical potential being induced dynamically by a constant magnetic and time-dependent electric fields. Constitutive relations for the vector/axial currents are computed employing two different approximations: (a) derivative expansion (up to third order) but fully nonlinear in the external fields, and (...

  4. Targeted development of registries of biological parts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Peccoud

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The design and construction of novel biological systems by combining basic building blocks represents a dominant paradigm in synthetic biology. Creating and maintaining a database of these building blocks is a way to streamline the fabrication of complex constructs. The Registry of Standard Biological Parts (Registry is the most advanced implementation of this idea. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: By analyzing inclusion relationships between the sequences of the Registry entries, we build a network that can be related to the Registry abstraction hierarchy. The distribution of entry reuse and complexity was extracted from this network. The collection of clones associated with the database entries was also analyzed. The plasmid inserts were amplified and sequenced. The sequences of 162 inserts could be confirmed experimentally but unexpected discrepancies have also been identified. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Organizational guidelines are proposed to help design and manage this new type of scientific resources. In particular, it appears necessary to compare the cost of ensuring the integrity of database entries and associated biological samples with their value to the users. The initial strategy that permits including any combination of parts irrespective of its potential value leads to an exponential and economically unsustainable growth that may be detrimental to the quality and long-term value of the resource to its users.

  5. Reconfigurability in MDO Problem Synthesis. Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, Natalia M.; Lewis, Robert Michael

    2004-01-01

    Integrating autonomous disciplines into a problem amenable to solution presents a major challenge in realistic multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO). We propose a linguistic approach to MDO problem description, formulation, and solution we call reconfigurable multidisciplinary synthesis (REMS). With assistance from computer science techniques, REMS comprises an abstract language and a collection of processes that provide a means for dynamic reasoning about MDO problems in a range of contexts. The approach may be summarized as follows. Description of disciplinary data according to the rules of a grammar, followed by lexical analysis and compilation, yields basic computational components that can be assembled into various MDO problem formulations and solution algorithms, including hybrid strategies, with relative ease. The ability to re-use the computational components is due to the special structure of the MDO problem. The range of contexts for reasoning about MDO spans tasks from error checking and derivative computation to formulation and reformulation of optimization problem statements. In highly structured contexts, reconfigurability can mean a straightforward transformation among problem formulations with a single operation. We hope that REMS will enable experimentation with a variety of problem formulations in research environments, assist in the assembly of MDO test problems, and serve as a pre-processor in computational frameworks in production environments. Part 1 of two companion papers, discusses the fundamentals of REMS. This paper, Part 2 illustrates the methodology in more detail.

  6. Reconfigurability in MDO Problem Synthesis. Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, Natalia M.; Lewis, Robert Michael

    2004-01-01

    Integrating autonomous disciplines into a problem amenable to solution presents a major challenge in realistic multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO). We propose a linguistic approach to MDO problem description, formulation, and solution we call reconfigurable multidisciplinary synthesis (REMS). With assistance from computer science techniques, REMS comprises an abstract language and a collection of processes that provide a means for dynamic reasoning about MDO problems in a range of contexts. The approach may be summarized as follows. Description of disciplinary data according to the rules of a grammar, followed by lexical analysis and compilation, yields basic computational components that can be assembled into various MDO problem formulations and solution algorithms, including hybrid strategies, with relative ease. The ability to re-use the computational components is due to the special structure of the MDO problem. The range of contexts for reasoning about MDO spans tasks from error checking and derivative computation to formulation and reformulation of optimization problem statements. In highly structured contexts, reconfigurability can mean a straightforward transformation among problem formulations with a single operation. We hope that REMS will enable experimentation with a variety of problem formulations in research environments, assist in the assembly of MDO test problems, and serve as a pre-processor in computational frameworks in production environments. This paper, Part 1 of two companion papers, discusses the fundamentals of REMS. Part 2 illustrates the methodology in more detail.

  7. The Aalborg Survey / Part 4 - Literature Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harder, Henrik; Christensen, Cecilie Breinholm

    Background and purpose The Aalborg Survey consists of four independent parts: a web, GPS and an interview based survey and a literature study, which together form a consistent investigation and research into use of urban space, and specifically into young people’s use of urban space: what young p....... Jensen are conducting research within the field related to this research project. Furthermore, both are intended end users of the outcome of this literature study. Finally, all references have been collected in a digital database in RefWorks.......Background and purpose The Aalborg Survey consists of four independent parts: a web, GPS and an interview based survey and a literature study, which together form a consistent investigation and research into use of urban space, and specifically into young people’s use of urban space: what young...... spaces, and consequently young people are used as target group, as they represent the future users of urban spaces. Moreover, it is easy to get in touch with young people through educational institutions and schools, which makes it possible to carry out the investigations in a fairly simple way...

  8. Robotics Programming Competition Spheres, Russian Part

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadovski, Andrei; Kukushkina, Natalia; Biryukova, Natalia

    2016-07-01

    Spheres" such name was done to Russian part of the Zero Robotics project which is a student competition devoted to programming of SPHERES (SPHERES - Synchronized Position Hold Engage and Reorient Experimental Satellites are the experimental robotics devices which are capable of rotation and translation in all directions, http://ssl.mit.edu/spheres/), which perform different operations on the board of International Space Station. Competition takes place online on http://zerorobotics.mit.edu. The main goal is to develop a program for SPHERES to solve an annual challenge. The end of the tournament is the real competition in microgravity on the board of ISS with a live broadcast. The Russian part of the tournament has only two years history but the problems, organization and specific are useful for the other educational projects especially for the international ones. We introduce the history of the competition, its scientific and educational goals in Russia and describe the participation of Russian teams in 2014 and 2015 tournaments. Also we discuss the organizational problems.

  9. Generic drugs in dermatology: part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payette, Michael; Grant-Kels, Jane M

    2012-03-01

    The cost of health care in the United States is increasing. In order to help control these rising costs, all parties involved in the delivery of health care, including dermatologists, need to be part of the solution of ethically reducing the cost of delivery of care. One potential means of meeting this goal is to increase the use of generic medications in daily practice. Generic medications can offer equally efficacious therapy at significantly lower prices, which can translate into large scale savings for the individual patient, the payer, and the overall health care system. Herein we provide an overview of new drug development, review the history of the generic drug industry, describe how generic drugs are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, and define the concepts of bioequivalence and therapeutic equivalence. In part II, we explore various factors impacting generic drug use, provide cost analyses of dermatologic brand name and generic drugs, and review data addressing potential differences in the effectiveness of brand name versus generic drugs in dermatology. The cost of brand name and generic medications is highly variable by pharmacy, state, and payer. We used one source (www.drugstore.com) as an example and for consistency across all medications discussed herein. Prices included here may not reflect actual retail prices across the United States.

  10. Part-Time Faculty: Identifying the Trends and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    German, Kathleen M.

    1996-01-01

    Considers the scope of the problem of the trend toward part-time faculty. Identifies the characteristics of part-time instructors. Assesses the effects of part-time appointments on the profession. Notes that women are most often found in the lower ranks of part-time faculty. (PA)

  11. The Geometric Modelling of Furniture Parts and Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张福炎; 蔡士杰; 王玉兰; 居正文

    1989-01-01

    In this paper, a 3-D solid modelling method appropriate for the design of furniture parts, which has been used in FCAD (Computer Aided Design for Furniture Structure )system, is introduced. Some interactive functions for modifying part models and deriving a variety of practical parts are described. Finally. the application of the modelling method to computer aided manufacturing of furniture parts is prospected.

  12. Sesquiterpenes from aerial parts of Ferula vesceritensis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oughlissi-Dehak, Karima; Lawton, Philippe; Michalet, Serge; Bayet, Christine; Darbour, Nicole; Hadj-Mahammed, Mahfoud; Badjah-Hadj-Ahmed, Yacine A; Dijoux-Franca, Marie-Geneviève; Guilet, David

    2008-06-01

    From the dichloromethane extract of aerial parts of Ferula vesceritensis (Apiaceae), 11 sesquiterpene derivatives were isolated. Among them five were compounds designated as 10-hydroxylancerodiol-6-anisate, 2,10-diacetyl-8-hydroxyferutriol-6-anisate, 10-hydroxylancerodiol-6-benzoate, vesceritenone and epoxy-vesceritenol. The six known compounds were identified as feselol, farnesiferol A, lapidol, 2-acetyl-jaeschkeanadiol-6-anisate, lasidiol-10-anisate and 10-oxo-jaesckeanadiol-6-anisate. All the structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic studies including 1D and 2D NMR experiments and mass spectroscopy analysis. Two of the compounds, the sesquiterpene coumarins farnesiferol A and feselol, bound to the model recombinant nucleotide-binding site of an MDR-like efflux pump from the enteropathogenic protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum.

  13. The Axial Part Phrase in Japanese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaori Takamine

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I investigate the categorial status of spatial terms in locative/directional expressions in Japanese. I will show that a certain class of spatial terms have a distinct categorial status from both regular postpositions and nouns. On one hand, syntactic diagnostics such as doubling, coordination by to, and co-occurrence with demonstratives indicate that these spatial terms belong to a nominal category rather than to a postpositional category. On the other hand, the fact that these spatial terms are modified by range modifiers indicates that they are more similar to regular postpositions than to nouns. On the basis of these diagnostics, I will argue that spatial terms in Japanese need to be assigned a new category Axial Part Phrase which is proposed by Svenonius 2006.

  14. Microhydropower Handbook, Volume 1, Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKinney, J.D.

    1983-01-01

    The purpose of the “Microhydropower Handbook, Volume 1, Part 2” is to provide a mechanically proficient lay person with sufficient information to evaluate microhydropower site potential, lay out a site, select and install equipment, and finally, operate and maintain the completed system. The actual construction details of the site are not included; rather, pointers are given as to what help an individual should expect from a construction contractor, and general guidelines on construction details are provided. In addition, information about obtaining financing and permits is provided. To help offset cost, the person performing the work, referred to as the “developer,” is encouraged to do as much of the work as possible. However, developers with major areas of uncertainty should consider professional assistance.

  15. Neurofibromatosis: part 2 – clinical management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollyanna Barros Batista

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Part 1 of this guideline addressed the differential diagnosis of the neurofibromatoses (NF: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2 and schwannomatosis (SCH. NF shares some features such as the genetic origin of the neural tumors and cutaneous manifestations, and affects nearly 80 thousand Brazilians. Increasing scientific knowledge on NF has allowed better clinical management and reduced rate of complications and morbidity, resulting in higher quality of life for NF patients. Most medical doctors are able to perform NF diagnosis, but the wide range of clinical manifestations and the inability to predict the onset or severity of new features, consequences, or complications make NF management a real clinical challenge, requiring the support of different specialists for proper treatment and genetic counseling, especially in NF2 and SCH. The present text suggests guidelines for the clinical management of NF, with emphasis on NF1.

  16. Imaging features of alveolar soft part sarcoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Teng Jin; Ping Zhang Co-first author; Xiaoming Li

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to analyze the imaging features of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS). Methods The imaging features of 11 cases with ASPS were retrospectively analyzed. Results ASPS mainly exhibited an isointense or slightly high signal intensity on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), and a mixed high signal on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). ASPS was partial, with rich tortuous flow voids, or “line-like” low signal septa. The essence of the mass was heterogeneous enhancement. The 1H-MRS showed a slight choline peak at 3.2 ppm. Conclusion The wel-circumscribed mass and blood voids, combined with “line-like” low signals play a significant role in diagnosis. The choline peak and the other signs may be auxiliary diagnoses.

  17. Generic drugs in dermatology: part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payette, Michael; Grant-Kels, Jane M

    2012-03-01

    In part I, we discussed new drug development, reviewed the history of the generic drug industry, described how generic drugs are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, and defined the concepts of bioequivalence and therapeutic equivalence. Herein, we explore various factors impacting generic drug use across the different parties involved: the prescriber, the pharmacist, the patient, and the payer. We also include original cost analysis of dermatologic brand name and generic drugs and show the potential cost savings that can be achieved through generic substitution. We conclude with a review of the data addressing potential differences in the effectiveness of brand name versus generic drugs in dermatology. The cost of brand name and generic medications is highly variable by pharmacy, state, and payer. We used one source (www.drugstore.com) as an example and for consistency across all medications discussed herein. Prices included here may not reflect actual retail prices across the United States.

  18. Aerobots as a Ubiquitous Part of Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Larry A.

    2006-01-01

    Small autonomous aerial robots (aerobots) have the potential to make significant positive contributions to modern society. Aerobots of various vehicle-types - CTOL, STOL, VTOL, and even possibly LTA - will be a part of a new paradigm for the distribution of goods and services. Aerobots as a class of vehicles may test the boundaries of aircraft design. New system analysis and design tools will be required in order to account for the new technologies and design parameters/constraints for such vehicles. The analysis tools also provide new approaches to defining/assessing technology goals and objectives and the technology portfolio necessary to accomplish those goals and objectives. Using the aerobot concept as an illustrative test case, key attributes of these analysis tools are discussed.

  19. Toxicological Models Part B: Environmental Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garric, Jeanne; Thybaud, Eric

    Assessment of ecotoxicological risks due to chemical substances is based in part on establishing concentration-response relationships for different organisms, including plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates living on land, fresh water, or sea water. European regulations for assessing the risks due to chemical products thus recommend the measurement of toxic effects on at least three taxons (algae, crustacea, fish) [1]. The assessment becomes more relevant when based upon a variety of different organisms, with a range of different biological and ecological features (autotrophic or heterotrophic, benthic or pelagic habitat, and different modes of reproduction, growth, respiration, or feeding, etc.), but also when it describes the effects of contaminants on sensitive physiological functions such as growth and reproduction, which determine the balance of populations of terrestrial and aquatic species in their environment.

  20. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, PART OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TEODORESCU ANA-MARIA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the role of electronic commerce in the digital economy, where information is the main resource. Internet, information society technology vector, made possible transition to a knowledge society at the beginning of XXI century. New economy involves transition from a traditional economy based on resources, to a knowledge-based economy. The development of information technology leads to major changes in the economic and social fields. In a world of globalization, e-commerce, part of the information society, manages to eliminate geographical barriers between participants at economic transactions. I presented e-commerce history, definitions. I pointed out the importance of this sector at european level by quantification of indicators. I used a theoretical research and qualitative analysis of the data. I presented values indicators at the european level, the lowest and highest value, and recorded values for Romania.

  1. Synchrotron X-ray CT characterization of titanium parts fabricated by additive manufacturing. Part II. Defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarlett, Nicola Vivienne Yorke; Tyson, Peter; Fraser, Darren; Mayo, Sheridan; Maksimenko, Anton

    2016-07-01

    Synchrotron X-ray tomography (SXRT) has been applied to the study of defects within three-dimensional printed titanium parts. These parts were made using the Arcam EBM(®) (electron beam melting) process which uses powdered titanium alloy, Ti64 (Ti alloy with approximately 6%Al and 4%V) as the feed and an electron beam for the sintering/welding. The experiment was conducted on the Imaging and Medical Beamline of the Australian Synchrotron. The samples represent a selection of complex shapes with a variety of internal morphologies. Inspection via SXRT has revealed a number of defects which may not otherwise have been seen. The location and nature of such defects combined with detailed knowledge of the process conditions can contribute to understanding the interplay between design and manufacturing strategy. This fundamental understanding may subsequently be incorporated into process modelling, prediction of properties and the development of robust methodologies for the production of defect-free parts.

  2. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indrajit, Ik; Alam, A

    2010-11-01

    Computers are an integral part of modern radiology equipment. In the first half of this two-part article, we dwelt upon some fundamental concepts regarding computer hardware, covering components like motherboard, central processing unit (CPU), chipset, random access memory (RAM), and memory modules. In this article, we describe the remaining computer hardware components that are of relevance to radiology. "Storage drive" is a term describing a "memory" hardware used to store data for later retrieval. Commonly used storage drives are hard drives, floppy drives, optical drives, flash drives, and network drives. The capacity of a hard drive is dependent on many factors, including the number of disk sides, number of tracks per side, number of sectors on each track, and the amount of data that can be stored in each sector. "Drive interfaces" connect hard drives and optical drives to a computer. The connections of such drives require both a power cable and a data cable. The four most popular "input/output devices" used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The "bus" is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated) ISA bus. "Ports" are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the 'ever increasing' digital future.

  3. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrajit I

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Computers are an integral part of modern radiology equipment. In the first half of this two-part article, we dwelt upon some fundamental concepts regarding computer hardware, covering components like motherboard, central processing unit (CPU, chipset, random access memory (RAM, and memory modules. In this article, we describe the remaining computer hardware components that are of relevance to radiology. "Storage drive" is a term describing a "memory" hardware used to store data for later retrieval. Commonly used storage drives are hard drives, floppy drives, optical drives, flash drives, and network drives. The capacity of a hard drive is dependent on many factors, including the number of disk sides, number of tracks per side, number of sectors on each track, and the amount of data that can be stored in each sector. "Drive interfaces" connect hard drives and optical drives to a computer. The connections of such drives require both a power cable and a data cable. The four most popular "input/output devices" used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The "bus" is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated ISA bus. "Ports" are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the ′ever increasing′ digital future.

  4. Submodeling Simulations in Fusion Welds: Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonifaz, E. A.

    2013-11-01

    In part I, three-dimensional transient non-linear sub modeling heat transfer simulations were performed to study the thermal histories and thermal cycles that occur during the welding process at the macro, meso and micro scales. In the present work, the corresponding non-uniform temperature changes were imposed as load conditions on structural calculations to study the evolution of localized plastic strains and residual stresses at these sub-level scales. To reach the goal, a three-dimensional finite element elastic-plastic model (ABAQUS code) was developed. The sub-modeling technique proposed to be used in coupling phase-field (and/or digital microstructures) codes with finite element codes, was used to mesh a local part of the model with a refined mesh based on interpolation of the solution from an initial, relatively coarse, macro global model. The meso-sub-model is the global model for the subsequent micro sub-model. The strategy used to calculate temperatures, strains and residual stresses at the macro, meso and micro scale level, is very flexible to be used to any number of levels. The objective of this research was to initiate the development of microstructural models to identify fusion welding process parameters for preserving the single crystal nature of gas turbine blades during repair procedures. The multi-scale submodeling approach can be used to capture weld pool features at the macro-meso scale level, and micro residual stress and secondary dendrite arm spacing features at the micro scale level.

  5. Maternal movements to part time employment: what is the penalty?

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, J

    2010-01-01

    In Britain, part time employment is typically used to combine work and motherhood: 60% of employed mothers in Britain work part time, and this usually involves a transition from full time employment around the first childbirth. Part time jobs are often situated in lower level occupational groups and so a transition from full to part time employment may reduce the wage. Using the British Household Panel Survey this study investigates the wage impact of switching from full to part time employme...

  6. Engineering BioBrick vectors from BioBrick parts

    OpenAIRE

    Knight Thomas F; Endy Drew; Shetty Reshma P

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The underlying goal of synthetic biology is to make the process of engineering biological systems easier. Recent work has focused on defining and developing standard biological parts. The technical standard that has gained the most traction in the synthetic biology community is the BioBrick standard for physical composition of genetic parts. Parts that conform to the BioBrick assembly standard are BioBrick standard biological parts. To date, over 2,000 BioBrick parts have ...

  7. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 13 - Appendix A to Part 13

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT IN AGENCY PROCEEDINGS Pt. 13, App. A Appendix A to Part 13 Proceedings covered.... Proceedings provided to a fiscal intermediary before assigning or reassigning Medicare providers to a different fiscal intermediary 42 U.S.C. 1395h(e)(1)-(3) 42 CFR 421.114, 421.128. 3. Appeals...

  8. The Nature of Reinforcement: Part I. (Volume I), Part II. (Volume II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Robert, Ed.

    Part One of this report describes the first half of a conference, designed to examine the nature of reinforcement, which was held at the University of Pittsburgh in June 1969. The topics discussed include: "Reward in Human Learning: Theoretical Issues and Strategic Choice Points"; "Are Reinforcement Concepts Able to Provide Reinforcement for…

  9. 44 CFR Appendix A(4) to Part 61 - Appendix A(4) to Part 61

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... notice sent to you in conjunction with the community inspection procedure established under 44 CFR 59.30... procedure set forth in National Flood Insurance Program Regulations (44 CFR 59.30). During the several years... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appendix A(4) to Part 61...

  10. Minister Juhan Parts : Eesti tööseadusandlus on iganenud / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts kavatseb oma ametiajal reguleerida tööandja ja töötaja vahelisi suhteid, suurendada teadus- ja arendustegevusele suunatud kulutusi ning säilitada praegust maksusüsteemi, Eesti majanduse väljavaated lähiaastateks

  11. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 112 - Appendix A to Part 112

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...—economic injury Small Business Act, sec. 7(b)(4). Other Federal Financial Assistance Women's business... A to Part 112 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION IN... Involving Grants of Funds Regular business loans Small Business Act, sec. 7(a) and 7(a)(11)....

  12. Aprendamos juntos: Cuaderno de trabajo. Segunda parte (Let's Learn Together: Workbook. Part Two).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This workbook is part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. This workbook provides an introduction to grammar. It is designed to help students learn to write words, complete sentences, and paragraphs.…

  13. 44 CFR Appendix A(2) to Part 61 - Appendix A(2) to Part 61

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... premium payment. The application is part of this flood insurance policy. For us to issue you a policy, the correct premium payment must accompany the application. 4. Base Flood. A flood having a one percent chance... a permanent site; b. A manufactured home (“a manufactured home,” also known as a mobile home, is...

  14. 44 CFR Appendix A(3) to Part 61 - Appendix A(3) to Part 61

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... eligibility of the risk, the kind of policy to be issued, and the correct premium payment. The application is part of this flood insurance policy. For us to issue you a policy, the correct premium payment must.... A manufactured home (“a manufactured home,” also known as a mobile home, is a structure: built on...

  15. Aprendamos juntos: Cuaderno de trabajo. Primera parte (Let's Learn Together: Workbook. Part One).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This workbook is part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. This workbook focuses on teaching initial sounds and letters and moves on to simple words and sentences. The unit on mathematics goes over…

  16. [Medicine in ancient Mesopotamia--part 1].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins E Silva, J

    2009-01-01

    The present work summarizes the more elucidating aspects on the foundations and the practice of the medicine in Antique Mesopotamia, since the invention of the writing, more than 5000 thousand years ago, and the beginning of our era. The first part of the article includes a brief perspective about the political and social evolution that characterized those archaic civilizations, as well as the inventions and knowledge further used by the following Humanity's generations. Most of what is known on the subject, as well as the history and political-social events that occurred in the region during that remote epoch, resulted of the laborious decoding of about half a million small clay plates or fragments with text engravings in cuneiform characters that were discovered since the middle of the XIX century in the ruins of the main cities of the Babylonian and Assyrian empires. The second part embraces exclusively the main characteristics of the medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia, in its main facets: concept of disease, healers and practice. The disease was considered a divine punishment or resultant from a malign influence. In that base, the medicine began by being preventive, by the use of appropriate amulets, or by offerings or sacrifices intending to pacify those malign forces. The treatment of the generality of the diseases privileged the expulsion of those spirits and malign influences from the patient body, purifying it, which was done by the specific intervention of an ãshipu (clergyman-exorcist); not having results, the treatment was continued by the asû (practical healer) that appealed to a group of physical manipulations, limited surgical acts and the administration or application of prescriptions, resultants of the mixture of organic and inorganic substances. In case of failing, the patients (as well as individuals or rein leaders) could fall back upon a priest diviner (bârû) who, by examination of the organs of an animal especially sacrificed for the effect

  17. Parts of Speech Tagging for Afaan Oromo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getachew Mamo Wegari

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this study is to develop part-of-speech tagger for Afaan Oromo language. After reviewing literatures on Afaan Oromo grammars and identifying tagset and word categories, the study adopted Hidden Markov Model (HMM approach and has implemented unigram and bigram models of Viterbi algorithm. Unigram model is used to understand word ambiguity in the language, while bigram model is used to undertake contextual analysis of words. For training and testing purpose 159 sentences (with a total of 1621 words that are manually annotated sample corpus are used. The corpus is collected from different public Afaan Oromo newspapers and bulletins to make the sample corpus balanced. A database of lexical probabilities and transitional probabilities are developed from the annotated corpus. These two probabilities are from which the tagger learn and tag sequence of words in sentences. The performance of the prototype, Afaan Oromo tagger is tested using tenfold cross validation mechanism. The result shows that in both unigram and bigram models 87.58% and 91.97% accuracy is obtained, respectively.

  18. Compressor Part II: Volute Flow Predictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Tai Lee

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A numerical method that solves the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations is used to study an inefficient component of a shipboard air-conditioning HCFC-124 compressor system. This high-loss component of the centrifugal compressor was identified as the volute through a series of measurements given in Part I of the paper. The predictions were made using three grid topologies. The first grid closes the connection between the cutwater and the discharge diffuser. The other two grids connect the cutwater area with the discharge diffuser. Experiments were performed to simulate both the cutwater conditions used in the predictions. Surface pressures along the outer wall and near the inlet of the volute were surveyed for comparisons with the predictions. Good agreements between the predicted results and the measurements validate the calculations. Total pressure distributions and flow stream traces from the prediction results support the loss distribution through the volute. A modified volute configuration is examined numerically for further loss comparison.

  19. Dignity and the use of body parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Charles

    2014-01-01

    This paper contends that the conventional ethical and legal ways of analysing the wrong involved in the misuse of human body parts are inadequate, and should be replaced with an analysis based on human dignity. It examines the various ways in which dignity has been understood, outlines many of the criticisms made of those ways (agreeing with many of the criticisms), and proposes a new way of seeing dignity which is exegetically consonant with the way in which dignity has been historically understood, and yet avoids the pitfalls which have led to dignity being dismissed by many as hopelessly amorphous or incurably theological. The account of dignity proposed is broadly Aristotelian. It defines dignity in terms of human thriving, and presupposes that it is possible, at least in principle, to determine empirically what makes humans thrive. It contends that humans are quintessentially relational animals, and that it is not possible (and certainly not ethically desirable) to define humans as atomistic entities. One important corollary of this is that when using dignity/thriving as a criterion for determining the ethical acceptability of a proposed action or inaction, one should ask not merely how the dignity interests of the patient (for instance) would be affected, but how the dignity interests of all stakeholders would be affected. The business of ethics is then the business of auditing all those interests, and determining the course of action which would maximise the amount of thriving in the world.

  20. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indrajit, Ik; Alam, A

    2010-08-01

    Computers are an integral part of modern radiology practice. They are used in different radiology modalities to acquire, process, and postprocess imaging data. They have had a dramatic influence on contemporary radiology practice. Their impact has extended further with the emergence of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS), Radiology information system (RIS) technology, and Teleradiology. A basic overview of computer hardware relevant to radiology practice is presented here. The key hardware components in a computer are the motherboard, central processor unit (CPU), the chipset, the random access memory (RAM), the memory modules, bus, storage drives, and ports. The personnel computer (PC) has a rectangular case that contains important components called hardware, many of which are integrated circuits (ICs). The fiberglass motherboard is the main printed circuit board and has a variety of important hardware mounted on it, which are connected by electrical pathways called "buses". The CPU is the largest IC on the motherboard and contains millions of transistors. Its principal function is to execute "programs". A Pentium(®) 4 CPU has transistors that execute a billion instructions per second. The chipset is completely different from the CPU in design and function; it controls data and interaction of buses between the motherboard and the CPU. Memory (RAM) is fundamentally semiconductor chips storing data and instructions for access by a CPU. RAM is classified by storage capacity, access speed, data rate, and configuration.

  1. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrajit I

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Computers are an integral part of modern radiology practice. They are used in different radiology modalities to acquire, process, and postprocess imaging data. They have had a dramatic influence on contemporary radiology practice. Their impact has extended further with the emergence of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM, Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS, Radiology information system (RIS technology, and Teleradiology. A basic overview of computer hardware relevant to radiology practice is presented here. The key hardware components in a computer are the motherboard, central processor unit (CPU, the chipset, the random access memory (RAM, the memory modules, bus, storage drives, and ports. The personnel computer (PC has a rectangular case that contains important components called hardware, many of which are integrated circuits (ICs. The fiberglass motherboard is the main printed circuit board and has a variety of important hardware mounted on it, which are connected by electrical pathways called "buses". The CPU is the largest IC on the motherboard and contains millions of transistors. Its principal function is to execute "programs". A Pentium® 4 CPU has transistors that execute a billion instructions per second. The chipset is completely different from the CPU in design and function; it controls data and interaction of buses between the motherboard and the CPU. Memory (RAM is fundamentally semiconductor chips storing data and instructions for access by a CPU. RAM is classified by storage capacity, access speed, data rate, and configuration.

  2. Thermoforming of thermoplastic matrix composites. Part I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harper, R.C.

    1992-03-01

    Long-fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites find widespread use in a variety of commercial applications requiring properties that cannot be provided by unreinforced plastics or other common materials of construction. However, thermosetting matrix resins have long been plagued by production processes that are slow and difficult to automate. This has limited the use of long-fiber-reinforced composites to relatively low productivity applications in which higher production costs can be justified. Unreinforced thermoplastics, by their very nature, can easily be made into sheet form and processed into a variety of formed shapes by various pressure assisted thermoforming means. It is possible to incorporate various types of fiber reinforcement to suit the end use of the thermoformed shape. Recently developed thermoplastic resins can also sometimes correct physical property deficiencies in a thermoset matrix composite. Many forms of thermoplastic composite material now exist that meet all the requirements of present day automotive and aerospace parts. Some of these are presently in production, while others are still in the development stage. This opens the possibility that long-fiber-reinforced thermoplastics might break the barrier that has long limited the applications for fiber-reinforced composites. 37 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

  3. Bisphenol A in edible part of seafood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adele Repossi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Bisphenol A (BPA is a man-made compound, mainly used as a monomer to produce polycarbonate (PC, epoxy resins, non-polymer additives to other plastics, which have many food related applications, such as food storage containers, tableware and internal coating of cans, as well as non-food applications such as electronic equipment, construction materials and medical devices. BPA exposure can occur when the residual monomer migrates into packaged food and beverages. Moreover, due to the ubiquitous presence of this compound, the general population can be exposed to environmental sources such as water, air and soil. Many studies have investigated the potential health hazards associated with BPA, which can elicit toxic and cancerogenic effects on humans. According to the European Food Safety Authority opinion, diet is considered to be the main source of exposure, especially canned food; moreover, among non-canned food, meat and fish products have the highest levels of BPA contamination. This review focuses on BPA contamination in seafood, analysing worldwide literature (from January 2010 to October 2015 on BPA contamination of edible parts. The authors try to identify differences between canned and non-canned seafood in literature, and gaps in the state of art. The data evaluated underline that all concentrations for both canned and non-canned seafood were below the specific migration limit set by the European Community Directive for BPA in food. Moreover, the canned seafood is more contaminated than the non-canned one.

  4. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOLER Miquel

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional (3D textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforcement for composites. This paper describes different tests done in our textile labs from unidirectional structures to woven, knitted or braided 3 D textile structures. Advantages and disadvantages of each textile structure are summarized. The first part of this paper deals with the introduction of our Textile Research Centre in the field of composites and carbon fiber as a main material to produce three – dimensional textile structures. The use of composite materials in aerospace structures has increased over the past decades. Our contribution related to this field consists of the development of three- dimensional textile structures and even the adaptation and improvement of machinery to do it possible. Carbon fiber provides advantages as volumetric fraction and minimum fault occurrence. However carbon fiber has also disadvantages as uncomfortable handling delamination and high cost of material and processing.

  5. Trust Control of VTOL Aircraft Part Deux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dugan, Daniel C.

    2014-01-01

    Thrust control of Vertical Takeoff and Landing (VTOL) aircraft has always been a debatable issue. In most cases, it comes down to the fundamental question of throttle versus collective. Some aircraft used throttle(s), with a fore and aft longitudinal motion, some had collectives, some have used Thrust Levers where the protocol is still "Up is Up and Down is Down," and some have incorporated both throttles and collectives when designers did not want to deal with the Human Factors issues. There have even been combinations of throttles that incorporated an arc that have been met with varying degrees of success. A previous review was made of nineteen designs without attempting to judge the merits of the controller. Included in this paper are twelve designs entered in competition for the 1961 Tri-Service VTOL transport. Entries were from a Bell/Lockheed tiltduct, a North American tiltwing, a Vanguard liftfan, and even a Sikorsky tiltwing. Additional designs were submitted from Boeing Wichita (direct lift), Ling-Temco-Vought with its XC-142 tiltwing, Boeing Vertol's tiltwing, Mcdonnell's compound and tiltwing, and the Douglas turboduct and turboprop designs. A private party submitted a re-design of the Breguet 941 as a VTOL transport. It is important to document these 53 year-old designs to preserve a part of this country's aviation heritage.

  6. Take part in a Django Girls training!

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Women are often under-represented in IT. And yet, at any age and whatever their level and background, it is a field that can arouse much interest.    To overcome this under-representation, the R0SEH1PSters community organises Django workshops targeted at women to introduce them to the world of coding and technology by teaching them how to successfully create a blog application and deploy it to the internet. And who knows, a spark of interest in the newly-discovered IT world may develop into a shine! The aim of Django Girls is also to increase the diversity within the industry. The mentors are mainly female volunteers who bring their passion to the workshop and are part of the awesome atmosphere attendees can feel during each event. Workshops have been organised worldwide regularly since 2014. Hosted by IdeaSquare and supported by the CERN IT department and the Diversity team, the Geneva workshop will take place in the evening on Friday evening, 26 February, and al...

  7. Our October 2013 public meetings (first part)

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Several hundred of you took part in our public meetings held from the 1st to the 8th of October 2013 and for that we thank you. The main presentation was preceded by a tribute to Philippe Defert, Vice-President of the Staff Association, who passed away in September. Philippe had been an active member of the Staff Association and a delegate to the Staff Council since 1992. At the end of those meetings thanks were given to Marcel Aymon, Member of the Staff Council for 25 years and member of the Executive Committee for almost as many years. Marcel has held, almost uninterruptedly, the position of Secretary within the Executive Committee except for the four years during which he held the position of Vice President. Thank you Marcel for your exemplary dedication! After each meeting around a cup of coffee or tea more personalized discussions between staff members and their delegates took place. Files with the presentations are available at the URL https://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=275010. He...

  8. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOLER Miquel

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional (3D textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforcement for composites. This paper describes different tests done in our textile labs from unidirectional structures to woven, knitted or braided 3 D textile structures. Advantages and disadvantages of each textile structure are summarized. The second part of this paper deals with our know-how in the manufacturing and assessing of three-dimensional textile structures during this last five years in the field of textile structures for composites but also in the development of structures for other applications. In the field of composites for aeronautic sector we have developed textile structures using the main methods of textile production, that is to say, weaving, warp knitting, weft knitting and braiding. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages it could be said that braided fabrics, with a structure in the three space axes are the most suitable for fittings and frames.

  9. Limits of detection and decision. Part 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voigtman, E. [Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, 710 N. Pleasant St., Amherst, MA 01003-9336 (United States)], E-mail: voigtman@chem.umass.edu

    2008-02-15

    It has been shown that the MARLAP (Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols) for estimating the Currie detection limit, which is based on 'critical values of the non-centrality parameter of the non-central t distribution', is intrinsically biased, even if no calibration curve or regression is used. This completed the refutation of the method, begun in Part 2. With the field cleared of obstructions, the true theory underlying Currie's limits of decision, detection and quantification, as they apply in a simple linear chemical measurement system (CMS) having heteroscedastic, Gaussian measurement noise and using weighted least squares (WLS) processing, was then derived. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations were performed, on 900 million independent calibration curves, for linear, 'hockey stick' and quadratic noise precision models (NPMs). With errorless NPM parameters, all the simulation results were found to be in excellent agreement with the derived theoretical expressions. Even with as much as 30% noise on all of the relevant NPM parameters, the worst absolute errors in rates of false positives and false negatives, was only 0.3%.

  10. Probabilistic Prediction of Lifetimes of Ceramic Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, Noel N.; Gyekenyesi, John P.; Jadaan, Osama M.; Palfi, Tamas; Powers, Lynn; Reh, Stefan; Baker, Eric H.

    2006-01-01

    ANSYS/CARES/PDS is a software system that combines the ANSYS Probabilistic Design System (PDS) software with a modified version of the Ceramics Analysis and Reliability Evaluation of Structures Life (CARES/Life) Version 6.0 software. [A prior version of CARES/Life was reported in Program for Evaluation of Reliability of Ceramic Parts (LEW-16018), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 20, No. 3 (March 1996), page 28.] CARES/Life models effects of stochastic strength, slow crack growth, and stress distribution on the overall reliability of a ceramic component. The essence of the enhancement in CARES/Life 6.0 is the capability to predict the probability of failure using results from transient finite-element analysis. ANSYS PDS models the effects of uncertainty in material properties, dimensions, and loading on the stress distribution and deformation. ANSYS/CARES/PDS accounts for the effects of probabilistic strength, probabilistic loads, probabilistic material properties, and probabilistic tolerances on the lifetime and reliability of the component. Even failure probability becomes a stochastic quantity that can be tracked as a response variable. ANSYS/CARES/PDS enables tracking of all stochastic quantities in the design space, thereby enabling more precise probabilistic prediction of lifetimes of ceramic components.

  11. Workplace Bullying in Healthcare: Part 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamberth, By Becky

    2015-01-01

    As many as 53.5 million American workers have experienced workplace bullying, which can cost organizations an estimated $200 billion annually in lost productivity, increased sick d ays, increased med ical claims, legal costs, and staff turnover. Bullying can occur in any profession, but for many reasons it is most prevalent in healthcare. Bullying behavior in healthcare has been reported and documented in literature for over 35 years. Although physicians are often considered to be the primary culprit of bullying, healthcare bullies can be one any one of the professionals who work in the organization including nurses, radiology technologists, pharmacists, ancillary staff personnel, administrators, or other non-physician staff members. The first installment of the series focused on defining bullying and its impact on the organization. Part 2 discussed three legal protections for the bully to include at-will laws, unions, and bylaws related to physician privileging. The final installment in this series will evaluate specific bully types and implementing processes to address inappropriate behavior.

  12. A Physicist for All Seasons: Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oppenheimer, Frank

    2013-06-01

    The second part of this interview covers Frank Oppenheimer's move to the University of California at Berkeley and wartime work at the Westinghouse Research Laboratories in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at the electromagnetic-separation plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and at Los Alamos, New Mexico (1941-1945); his postwar research at Berkeley (1945-1947); his appointment at the University of Minnesota in 1947 and firing two years later after being required to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee; his decade as a rancher in Colorado (1949-1959) and high-school science teacher toward the end of this period; his research at the University of Colorado in Boulder after 1959; his year as a Guggenheim Fellow at University College London in 1965; and his founding of the Exploratorium in San Francisco. California, in 1969. He also discusses his wartime relations with his older brother Robert and postwar events in Robert's life, including his Hearings before the Personnel Security Board of the Atomic Energy Commission in 1954.

  13. Proteomic analysis of normal murine brain parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taraslia, Vasiliki K; Kouskoukis, Alexandros; Anagnostopoulos, Athanasios K; Stravopodis, Dimitrios J; Margaritis, Lukas H; Tsangaris, George Th

    2013-01-01

    Murine brain is an excellent tool for studying protein expression and brain function in mammals. Although mice are an extensively used model to recapitulate various pathological conditions, the proteome of the normal mouse brain has not been yet reported. In the present study, we identified the total proteins of different parts of the brain of CB7BL/6 mice, a widely used strain, by applying proteomic methodologies. The adult mouse brain was dissected anatomically into the following regions: frontal cortex, olfactory bulb, hippocampus, midbrain, cerebellum, hypothalamus and medulla. Total protein extracts of these regions were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry, following in-gel digestion with trypsin. Protein identification was carried out by peptide mass fingerprint. Thus, 515 different single-gene products were identified in total, 54 expressed specifically in the olfactory bulb, 62 in the hippocampus, 36 in the frontal cortex, five in the cerebellum, nine in the midbrain, eight in the hypothamamus and 10 in the medulla. The majority of the proteins were enzymes, structural proteins and transporters. Moreover, the distribution of these molecules appears to exhibit direct correlation with the function of the brain regions where they were expressed. This study leads to the complete characterization of the normal mouse brain proteome as well as the protein expression profile of the different brain regions. These results will aid in addressing unmet scientific needs regarding physiological and pathological brain functions.

  14. Integrated concurrent utilization quality review, Part one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caterinicchio, R P

    1987-01-01

    This article is the first of a two-part series which argues for the concurrent management of the appropriateness, necessity, and quality of patient care. Intensifying scrutiny by the credentialing groups, the PROs and all third-party payors underscores the vital need to implement cost-effective information systems which integrate the departmentalized functions of patient-physician profiling, DRG case-mix analyses, length of stay monitoring, pre-admission/admission and continued stay review, discharge planning, risk management, incident reporting and quality review. In the domain of physician performance regarding admitting and practice patterns, the ability to exercise concurrent utilization-quality review means early detection and prevention of events which would otherwise result in denials of payment and/or compromised patient care. Concurrent utilization-quality review must, by definition, be managerially invasive and focused; hence, it is integral to maintaining the integrity of the services and product lines offered by the provider. In fact, if PPO status is a marketing agenda, then the institutional objectives of cost-effectiveness, productivity, value, and competitiveness can only be achieved through concurrent utilization-quality review.

  15. Lipids: Part of the tangled web

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, R.M.

    1992-08-01

    Analysis of LDL subclasses by non-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis has led to the identification of a subclass pattern characterized by predominance of small LDL, designated LDL subclass pattern B. The prevalence of pattern B in the general population is approximately 25%, but varies as a function of age and gender, being relatively uncommon in children and in premenopausal women. The remainder of the population has a predominance of larger LDL (pattern A) or an intermediate pattern. Our findings indicate that LDL subclass pattern B is an integral part of the ``tangled web`` of interrelated coronary disease risk factors associated with insulin resistance. It may be that the pathologic features of this lipoprotein profile, including the relative atherogenicity of small, dense LDL and IDL, contribute importantly to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in subjects with insulin resistance and hypertension. Furthermore, pattern B serves as a marker for a common genetic trait which may underlie a substantial portion of the familial predisposition to coronary artery disease in the general population. Studies of hormonal, dietary, and pharmacologic influences on expression of this atherogenic phenotype should lead to more effective identification and management of high-risk individuals, and improved approaches to disease prevention in high-risk families.

  16. Lipids: Part of the tangled web

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, R.M.

    1992-08-01

    Analysis of LDL subclasses by non-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis has led to the identification of a subclass pattern characterized by predominance of small LDL, designated LDL subclass pattern B. The prevalence of pattern B in the general population is approximately 25%, but varies as a function of age and gender, being relatively uncommon in children and in premenopausal women. The remainder of the population has a predominance of larger LDL (pattern A) or an intermediate pattern. Our findings indicate that LDL subclass pattern B is an integral part of the tangled web'' of interrelated coronary disease risk factors associated with insulin resistance. It may be that the pathologic features of this lipoprotein profile, including the relative atherogenicity of small, dense LDL and IDL, contribute importantly to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in subjects with insulin resistance and hypertension. Furthermore, pattern B serves as a marker for a common genetic trait which may underlie a substantial portion of the familial predisposition to coronary artery disease in the general population. Studies of hormonal, dietary, and pharmacologic influences on expression of this atherogenic phenotype should lead to more effective identification and management of high-risk individuals, and improved approaches to disease prevention in high-risk families.

  17. CERN takes part in Earth Hour

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Vernède

    2011-01-01

    From 8.30 to 9.30 p.m. on Saturday, 26 March 2011, the Globe of Science and Innovation will be plunged into darkness to mark CERN's participation in Earth Hour. A growing number of countries and cities across the planet are involved in this global initiative against climate change, which was launched by the WWF in 2007.   The lights on the Globe were switched off for the 2009 Earth Hour event. Along with individuals, companies and tourist attractions in thousands of towns and cities all over the world participating in the fourth annual Earth Hour event, CERN will turn off the lights of the Globe for 60 minutes at 8.30 p.m. on Saturday 26 March. CERN's participation in the initiative is one of several examples of its commitment to respect the environment and keep its ecological footprint to the minimum. A recent example under the green transport heading was the replacement of part of CERN's petrol vehicle fleet with cars running on natural gas with a view to reducing air pollution. Other examples...

  18. Training manual for precision hand deburring, Part 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1981-03-01

    This publication is Part 3 of a 4 part training manual to be used by machinist trainees, production workers, and others removing burrs from precision miniature parts. The manuals are written to be self-teaching and are intended to be used with two hours of training each day along with six additional hours of bench work in deburring. This part describes mounted stones, scrapers, hand stones, abrasive filled rubber and cotton tools, abrasive paper products, felt bobs and lapping compounds, mandrels and arbors, miscellaneous tools, personal techniques for assuring quality, cleaning parts, and deburring gears and plastic parts.

  19. The part task of the part-spacing paradigm is not a pure measurement of part-based information of faces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Zhu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Faces are arguably one of the most important object categories encountered by human observers, yet they present one of the most difficult challenges to both the human and artificial visual systems. A variety of experimental paradigms have been developed to study how faces are represented and recognized, among which is the part-spacing paradigm. This paradigm is presumed to characterize the processing of both the featural and configural information of faces, and it has become increasingly popular for testing hypotheses on face specificity and in the diagnosis of face perception in cognitive disorders. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In two experiments we questioned the validity of the part task of this paradigm by showing that, in this task, measuring pure information about face parts is confounded by the effect of face configuration on the perception of those parts. First, we eliminated or reduced contributions from face configuration by either rearranging face parts into a non-face configuration or by removing the low spatial frequencies of face images. We found that face parts were no longer sensitive to inversion, suggesting that the previously reported inversion effect observed in the part task was due in fact to the presence of face configuration. Second, self-reported prosopagnosic patients who were selectively impaired in the holistic processing of faces failed to detect part changes when face configurations were presented. When face configurations were scrambled, however, their performance was as good as that of normal controls. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: In sum, consistent evidence from testing both normal and prosopagnosic subjects suggests the part task of the part-spacing paradigm is not an appropriate task for either measuring how face parts alone are processed or for providing a valid contrast to the spacing task. Therefore, conclusions from previous studies using the part-spacing paradigm may need re-evaluation with

  20. The genus Allium--Part 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenwick, G R; Hanley, A B

    1985-01-01

    Allium is a genus of some 500 species belonging to the family Liliaceae. However, only a few of these are important as food plants, notably onion, garlic, chive, leek, and rakkyo. Such plants have been used for many centuries for their pungency and flavoring value, for their medicinal properties, and in some parts of the world, their use also has religious connotations. The flavors of members of alliums, in addition to being characteristic, are also complex, being derived enzymically from a number of involatile precursors. As well as there being variation of flavor between different alliums there are also considerable changes that occur as a result of cooking and processing. These are, of course, of importance to the consumer and food technologist/processor. The review will introduce the subject by an historical perspective and will set against this data on the present cultivation and usage of commercially cultivated alliums. The chemical composition of these plants will be discussed, emphasis being given to nonvolatile constituents which are, perhaps, less often considered. Discussion of the volatile constituents, which will include mention of the methods currently used for their analysis and for the determination of "flavor strength," will be mainly concerned with literature taken from the last 5 years. In considering the extent and nature of allium cultivation and processing, factors affecting the nutritional value and quality will be highlighted. The medicinal properties of garlic and onion oils have been extensively studied over the last decade and the review will include critical assessment of this area; it will also touch on the more general properties (antimicrobial, antifungal, antibacterial, and insecticidal) of these oils. Finally, mention will be made of the antinutritional, toxic, or otherwise undesirable effects of alliums, for example, as inadvertant components of animal diets, tainting of milk, and other food products. It is our intention to review

  1. Oncogene Mdm2 takes part in hepatocarcinogenesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the role of Mdm2 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods: Streptavidin-peroxidase conjugation method (SP)was used to observe the expression of Mdm2 and p53 proteins in 61 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)and 59 cases of corresponding paracancerous tissues,among which p53 mutations in exons 5~8 were detected in 21 cases by PCR-SSCP.Results:Positive nuclear P53 and Mdm2 immunostains were demonstrated in 57.38% and 26.23% of HCC,1.69% and 3.39% of corresponding paracancerous tissues respectively.The expression of p53 and Mdm2 proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly higher than that in paracancerous tissues(P<0.01).The expression of P53 and Mdm2 was not significantly correlated.42.86% of hepatocellualr carcinomas showed mutations in exon 7 of p53 gene,and no mutation was found in exons 5,6,8 and paracancerous tissues. 66.67% of mutational cases had P53 overexpression and 11.11%(1/9)showed overexpression of both P53 and Mdm2,Mdm2 overexpression also appeared in 25% of cases without mutations.Conclusions:Mdm2-induced p53 inactivation and p53 gene mutation play an important role in carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma.Tumorigenic property of Mdm2 itself,together with p53 mutation,may take part in hepatocarcinogenesis.

  2. PERMIAN BRACHIOPODS FROM KARAKORUM (PAKISTAN PART. 3.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUCIA ANGIOLINI

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Late Wordian (Guadalupian brachiopods from Member 2 of the Panjshah Formation in the Karakorum (N Pakistan are described. The brachiopod assemblage, dated by the associated fusulinids and conodonts, consists of 29 genera (3 of which are questionable and 1 unidentifiable of the orders Productida, Orthida, Rhynchonellida, Athyridida, Spiriferida and Terebratulida. Hunzininae, a new subfamily of the Spiriferellidae is proposed; it includes Darbandia n. gen., with type species D. vagabunda n. sp. and Elivina chapursani n. sp. A third new species is assigned to the genus Anchorhynchia of the family Wellerellidae: A. cimmerica n. sp.A quantitative biostratigraphic analysis demonstrates two major faunal changes in the Elivina chapursani- Chapursania tatianae Assemblage Zone of the upper part of Member 2, which are not strictly linked to lithological changes. This biozone is correlated with the brachiopod faunas of the Gnishik Formation of Armenia and those of the basal Takhtabulak Formation of SE Pamir.The faunal elements of the Elivina chapursani- Chapursania tatianae Assemblage Zone are an admixture of wide-ranging, Tethyan (particularly abundant, Gondwanan and endemic (Cimmerian genera, representing a transitional fauna and a biostratigraphic tool for intercontinental correlation, which are particularly problematic in this time interval. The Panjshah transitional fauna demonstrates the persistence of the Transhimalayan Province of the Cimmerian Region into the late Guadalupian, which originated at the end of the Cisuralian and occupied Armenia, Central Afghanistan, Karakorum and SE Pamir. It provides also some insights into the biodiversity pattern before the mass extinction at the end of the Guadalupian, and suggests that this event was as rapid as the end- Permian mass extinction, at least in Central Asia. 

  3. Residual stress distribution in injection molded parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Postawa

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The paper presents the results of the investigations of influence of the amorphous polystyrene (PSprocessing on the diversity of the internal stresses observed in the injection moulded piece.Design/methodology/approach: For the tests, the standardized mould piece designed for the investigations ofthe processing shrinkage of thermoplastics materials has been used. The samples have been prepared using theDesign of Experiment (DoE theory.The state of internal stresses has been analysed by means of photoelastic method (used stress viewer equipmenton the basis of the layout and size of the isochromatics (fields with the same colour, which determine the mouldpiece’s areas where the same value for the difference of main tensions. In the article the results of investigationsof influence of 5 chosen processing parameters such as injection temperature Tw, mould temperature Tf,clamping pressure pd, cooling time tch and the injection speed vw on the changes in isochromatics layout as adeterminant for diversity of internal stresses in injection moulded pieces have been presented.Findings: The performed investigations of the influence of injection conditions on the state of internal stressesreached for injection mould pieces were to determine the parameters of injection at which the achieved state ofthe stresses in the mould piece (described by the difference of main tensions will show the lowest values.Practical implications: Effects of examinations of influence of processing conditions on residual stress ininjection molded parts (presented in the article could find practical application in polymer industry, both smalland large enterprises.Originality/value: New approach to fast estimation of value of residual stresses were present in the paper.

  4. [Medicine in ancient Mesopotamia - part 2].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins E Silva, J

    2010-01-01

    The second part embraces exclusively the main characteristics of the medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia, in its main facets: concept of disease, healers and practice. The disease was considered a divine punishment or resultant from a malign influence. Insofar, the medicine began by being preventive, by the use of appropriate amulets or by offerings or sacrifices intending to pacify those malign forces. The treatment of the generality of the diseases privileged the expulsion of those spirits and malign influences from the patient body, purifying it, which was done by the specific intervention of a approximately shipu (clergymanexorcist); not having results, the treatment was continued by the asû (practical healer) that appealed to a group of physical manipulations, limited surgical acts and the administration or application of prescriptions, resultants of the mixture of organic and inorganic substances. In case of failing, the patients (as well as common healthy individuals or rule leaders) could fall back upon a priest diviner (bârû) that, by examination of the organs of an animal especially sacrificed for, would give a final decision about the disease or the future. Besides this more occult facet, nourished in religious faiths and in the magic, the medicine of Ancient Mesopotamia included rational knowledge, certainly as the result of systematic patients observation and semiotic interpretation. From those observations and knowledge referred to the Sumerian period, carefully logged, refined and transmitted to the following generations, it was built a valuable group of texts with the description of symptoms, signs, diagnosis and prognostic of the most common diseases, still identifiable in the present.

  5. Balanced Flow Meters without Moving Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Anthony R.; VanBuskirk, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Balanced flow meters are recent additions to an established class of simple, rugged flow meters that contain no moving parts in contact with flow and are based on measurement of pressure drops across objects placed in flow paths. These flow meters are highly accurate, minimally intrusive, easily manufacturable, and reliable. A balanced flow meter can be easily mounted in a flow path by bolting it between conventional pipe flanges. A balanced flow meter can be used to measure the flow of any of a variety of liquids or gases, provided that it has been properly calibrated. Relative to the standard orifice-plate flow meter, the balanced flow meter introduces less turbulence and two times less permanent pressure loss and is therefore capable of offering 10 times greater accuracy and repeatability with less dissipation of energy. A secondary benefit of the reduction of turbulence is the reduction of vibration and up to 15 times less acoustic noise generation. Both the balanced flow meter and the standard orifice-plate flow meter are basically disks that contain holes and are instrumented with pressure transducers on their upstream and downstream faces. The most obvious difference between them is that the standard orifice plate contains a single, central hole while the balanced flow meter contains multiple holes. The term 'balanced' signifies that in designing the meter, the sizes and locations of the holes are determined in an optimization procedure that involves balancing of numerous factors, including volumetric flow, mass flow, dynamic pressure, kinetic energy, all in an effort to minimize such undesired effects as turbulence, pressure loss, dissipation of kinetic energy, and non-repeatability and nonlinearity of response over the anticipated range of flow conditions. Due to proper balancing of these factors, recent testing demonstrated that the balanced flow-meter performance was similar to a Venturi tube in both accuracy and pressure recovery, but featured reduced

  6. Information as a part of radiation protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djurovic, B.; Misovic, M. [Military Medical Academy, Radiation Protection Dept., Belgrade Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia); Spasic-Jokic, V. [VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Lab. of Physics, Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia)

    2006-07-01

    The increasing range of application of ionizing radiation in many different areas requires the needs for further education and training. Unfortunately, some aspects of application of ionizing radiation are not planed and announced for all involved personnel-like in military conflicts, when radiation and radioactivity are used as a new kind of ammunition. In that situation there is no time for formal and planned education. During the NATO strikes on Serbia and Montenegro in 1999. depleted uranium (D.U.) ammunition was used. Before that, it was used in Gulf War in 1991. for the first time. Faced with the health consequences of Gulf War for the soldiers of both sides, which were mainly attributed to D.U., Military Medical Service in the Army of Serbia and Montenegro, prepared educational material for the soldiers who could be employed in the area of the D.U. contamination. Considering the information/knowledge as very important part of radiation protection, booklet was prepared and distributed before the NATO strikes on Serbia and Montenegro. In this paper we present the booklet prepared for the military personnel. In the simplified way the nature of D.U. is explained. Some practical aspects of protection and prevention in D.U. contaminated area-how to avoid and minimize radiological hazard of D.U. in the battlefield, as well as how to avoid long-term hazards of D.U., are presented. It is also explained when to ask for medical care and what kind of examination would be necessary in the case of D.U. contamination. 5AUTHORS.

  7. RESEARCH ON VIRTUAL-PART-BASED CONNECTING ELEMENT MODELING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Based on the inner character analysis of interpart, detail modification and assembly relation of mechanical connecting element, the idea, which extends the feature modeling of part to the interpart feature modeling for assembly purpose, is presented, and virtual-part-based connecting element modeling is proposed. During the assembly modeling, base parts are modified by the Boolean subtraction between the virtual part and the part to be connected. Dynamic matching algorithm, which is based on list database, is designed for dynamic extension and off-line editing of connecting part and virtual part, and design rules of connecting element is encapsulated by the virtual part. A prototyped software module for rapid design of connecting elements is implemented under self-developed CAD/CAM platform-SuperMan.

  8. Critical appraisal: dental amalgam update--part II: biological effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahl, Michael J; Swift, Edward J

    2013-12-01

    Dental amalgam restorations have been controversial for over 150 years. In Part I of this Critical Appraisal, the clinical efficacy of dental amalgam was updated. Here in Part II, the biological effects of dental amalgam are addressed.

  9. Septic arthritis in the central part of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmussen Andreasen, Rikke; Andersen, Nanna Skaarup; Just, Søren Andreas;

    Septic arthritis in the central part of Denmark, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, volume 73, supplement 2, p. 287......Septic arthritis in the central part of Denmark, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, volume 73, supplement 2, p. 287...

  10. 29 CFR 780.3 - Exemptions discussed in this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... industry are discussed in this part 780. These exemptions differ substantially in their terms, scope, and...) exemption (cotton ginning and sugar processing) discussed in subpart I of this part, and the section...

  11. Alternate-Fueled Combustor-Sector Performance: Part A: Combustor Performance Part B: Combustor Emissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shouse, D. T.; Neuroth, C.; Henricks, R. C.; Lynch, A.; Frayne, C.; Stutrud, J. S.; Corporan, E.; Hankins, T.

    2010-01-01

    Alternate aviation fuels for military or commercial use are required to satisfy MIL-DTL-83133F(2008) or ASTM D 7566 (2010) standards, respectively, and are classified as drop-in fuel replacements. To satisfy legacy issues, blends to 50% alternate fuel with petroleum fuels are certified individually on the basis of feedstock. Adherence to alternate fuels and fuel blends requires smart fueling systems or advanced fuel-flexible systems, including combustors and engines without significant sacrifice in performance or emissions requirements. This paper provides preliminary performance (Part A) and emissions and particulates (Part B) combustor sector data for synthetic-parafinic-kerosene- (SPK-) type fuel and blends with JP-8+100 relative to JP-8+100 as baseline fueling.

  12. Juhan Parts : näoga tuleviku poole / Juhan Parts ; interv. Märt Kivine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Res Publica esimehe kohalt lahkuv Juhan Parts ütleb, et erakond on jäänud endaks - ausaks. Res Publica praeguse seisu üks põhjusi on tema arvates see, et erakond pole võtnud omaks vana poliitika lähenemisviise, ükski olemasolev erakond ei taha näha Res Publicat Eesti poliitikas. Lisa: Res Publica valib uue juhi

  13. Engineering BioBrick vectors from BioBrick parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knight Thomas F

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The underlying goal of synthetic biology is to make the process of engineering biological systems easier. Recent work has focused on defining and developing standard biological parts. The technical standard that has gained the most traction in the synthetic biology community is the BioBrick standard for physical composition of genetic parts. Parts that conform to the BioBrick assembly standard are BioBrick standard biological parts. To date, over 2,000 BioBrick parts have been contributed to, and are available from, the Registry of Standard Biological Parts. Results Here we extended the same advantages of BioBrick standard biological parts to the plasmid-based vectors that are used to provide and propagate BioBrick parts. We developed a process for engineering BioBrick vectors from BioBrick parts. We designed a new set of BioBrick parts that encode many useful vector functions. We combined the new parts to make a BioBrick base vector that facilitates BioBrick vector construction. We demonstrated the utility of the process by constructing seven new BioBrick vectors. We also successfully used the resulting vectors to assemble and propagate other BioBrick standard biological parts. Conclusion We extended the principles of part reuse and standardization to BioBrick vectors. As a result, myriad new BioBrick vectors can be readily produced from all existing and newly designed BioBrick parts. We invite the synthetic biology community to (1 use the process to make and share new BioBrick vectors; (2 expand the current collection of BioBrick vector parts; and (3 characterize and improve the available collection of BioBrick vector parts.

  14. 29 CFR 2200.105 - Ex parte communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... persons. (b) Disciplinary action. In the event an ex parte communication occurs, the Commission or the... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ex parte communication. 2200.105 Section 2200.105 Labor... Miscellaneous Provisions § 2200.105 Ex parte communication. (a) General. Except as permitted by § 2200.120 or...

  15. Human Genome Program Report. Part 2, 1996 Research Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-11-01

    This report contains Part 2 of a two-part report to reflect research and progress in the US Department of Energy Human Genome Program from 1994 through 1996, with specified updates made just before publication. Part 2 consists of 1996 research abstracts. Attention is focused on the following: sequencing; mapping; informatics; ethical, legal, and social issues; infrastructure; and small business innovation research.

  16. Human Genome Program Report. Part 1, Overview and Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-11-01

    This report contains Part 1 of a two-part report to reflect research and progress in the U.S. Department of Energy Human Genome Program from 1994 through 1996, with specified updates made just before publication. Part 1 consists of the program overview and report on progress.

  17. 22 CFR 125.1 - Exports subject to this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exports subject to this part. 125.1 Section 125... EXPORT OF TECHNICAL DATA AND CLASSIFIED DEFENSE ARTICLES § 125.1 Exports subject to this part. (a) The controls of this part apply to the export of technical data and the export of classified defense...

  18. 47 CFR 90.5 - Other applicable rule parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .../business pool. (2) Private paging; (3) Land mobile service on 220-222 MHz; (4) Specialized Mobile Radio... MOBILE RADIO SERVICES General Information § 90.5 Other applicable rule parts. Other Commission rule parts... Offices. (b) Part 1 includes rules of practice and procedure for the filing of applications for...

  19. THEORY OF SPARE PARTS INVENTORY MANAGEMENT FOR PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    KATARZYNA GRONDYS

    2013-01-01

    This article presents theoretical basis of spare parts inventory management in manufacturing company. Basis definitions, allocation and differences in spare parts inventory management were compared with other manufacturing inventories. The issue of spare parts inventory management is emphasized in aspect of maintaining continuity of production and generated costs of maintaining inventory.

  20. 32 CFR 37.100 - What does this part do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What does this part do? 37.100 Section 37.100 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS General § 37.100 What does this part do? This part...

  1. Student Part-Time Employment: Characteristics and Consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robotham, David

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to examine the consequences of students engaging in part-time employment during their studies. It reports the results of a survey of part-time employment among university students. The research examined the possible consequences of combining part-time employment with full-time study, with particular reference to…

  2. Reusable neoprene jacket protects parts for chemical milling

    Science.gov (United States)

    1965-01-01

    Reusable neoprene jacket is used to prepare metal part or panel for chemical milling. Jacket covers back and upper rim of part and is sealed before the masking solution is applied to surface to be milled. This reduces amount of masking material required for milling identical parts and increases production.

  3. 41 CFR 101-28.000 - Scope of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Scope of part. This part prescribes policy and procedures for the economical and efficient management of... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope of part. 101-28.000 Section 101-28.000 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations...

  4. Funding Full-Time Study through Part-Time Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Mark; Evans, Carl; Gbadamosi, Gbolahan

    2009-01-01

    Full-time students engaged in part-time studies have been a subject of increasing academic attention. This study extends work in this area by examining: the extent to which full-time undergraduate students undertake part-time employment, the reasons for working whilst studying full-time and the extent to which students relate their part-time…

  5. 16 CFR 460.24 - Stayed or invalid parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stayed or invalid parts. 460.24 Section 460.24 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.24 Stayed or invalid parts. If any part of this regulation is stayed or...

  6. 78 FR 35262 - Detection and Avoidance of Counterfeit Electronic Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Detection and Avoidance of Counterfeit Electronic Parts AGENCY... and the private sector regarding the electronic parts detection and avoidance coverage proposed to be... about the requirements for detection and avoidance of counterfeit electronic parts in DoD contracts....

  7. 48 CFR 29.000 - Scope of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of part. 29.000 Section 29.000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS TAXES 29.000 Scope of part. This part prescribes policies and procedures for (a) using tax...

  8. 12 CFR 715.2 - Definitions used in this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions used in this part. 715.2 Section 715.2 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.2 Definitions used in this part. As used in this part:...

  9. 12 CFR 715.1 - Scope of this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of this part. 715.1 Section 715.1 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.1 Scope of this part. This part implements section 202(a)(6)(D)...

  10. 15 CFR Supplement No. 4 to Part 760 - Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... productivity, are not spare parts under this definition. Inclusion of U.S.-origin spare parts in a shipment of... has arisen how the definition of U.S. commerce in the antiboycott regulations (15 CFR part 760.... Specifically, if the shipment of foreign goods falls outside the definition of U.S. commerce, will...

  11. Analytic Geometry, Student Text, Part 1. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayre, H. Glenn; And Others

    This is part one of a three-part School Mathematics Study Group (SMSG) textbook. This part contains the first five chapters including: (1) Analytic Geometry, (2) Coordinates and the Line, (3) Vectors and Their Applications, (4) Proof by Analytic Methods, and (5) Graphs and Their Equations. (MK)

  12. 14 CFR 33.64 - Pressurized engine static parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... engine static parts. (a) Strength. The applicant must establish by test, validated analysis, or a combination of both, that all static parts subject to significant gas or liquid pressure loads for a... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pressurized engine static parts....

  13. 7 CFR 2902.51 - Parts wash solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parts wash solutions. 2902.51 Section 2902.51... Items § 2902.51 Parts wash solutions. (a) Definition. Products that are designed to clean parts in... wash solutions. By that date, Federal agencies that have the responsibility for drafting or...

  14. 42 CFR 423.2268 - Standards for Part D marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirements § 423.2268 Standards for Part D marketing. In conducting marketing activities, a Part D plan may... any other marketing activity prohibited by CMS in its marketing guidance. (p) Provide meals for... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standards for Part D marketing. 423.2268...

  15. 50 CFR Appendix B to Part 622 - Gulf Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Gulf Areas B Appendix B to Part 622... Part 622—Gulf Areas Table 1 of Appendix B to Part 622—Seaward Coordinates of the Longline and Buoy Gear Restricted Area Point No. and reference location 1 North lat. West long. 1Seaward limit of Florida's...

  16. 19 CFR 207.5 - Ex parte meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ex parte meetings. 207.5 Section 207.5 Customs... EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES General Provisions § 207.5 Ex parte meetings. There shall be included in the record of each investigation a record of ex parte meetings as required by section 777(a)(3) of the...

  17. Training manual for precision hand deburring, Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1980-12-01

    Part 2 is presented of a 4-part training manual to be used by machinist trainees, production workers, and others removing burrs from precision miniature parts. The manuals are written to be self-teaching and are intended to be used with two hours of training each day along with another six hours of bench work in deburring.

  18. Human genome program report. Part 1, overview and progress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    This report contains Part 1 of a two-part report to reflect research and progress in the U.S. Department of Energy Human Genome Program from 1994 through 1996, with specified updates made just before publication. Part 1 consists of the program overview and report on progress.

  19. Thermal Spray Based Rapid Manufacturing, Part Refurbishing and Reengineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-11-30

    comparison algorithm is developed . Fig. 6. Part databse Fig. 7. Part matching Broken Part Data Acquisition (GeoMagic) ----Yes _------ Is It...ground with a diamond wheel. The microstructure and chemical composition is shown in Fig. 14. The average hardness of the deposit was 1100 vickers. Fig

  20. Sign Language Culture as Part of Multiculturalism in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarolta, Simigne Fenyo

    2011-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to investigate sign language culture as part of multiculturalism in Hungary. The study consists of two parts. Referring to the 13 national and linguistic minorities living in the territory of Hungary, the first part gives a short account of the narrower interpretation of multiculturalism according to which it…

  1. Human genome program report. Part 2, 1996 research abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    This report contains Part 2 of a two-part report to reflect research and progress in the US Department of Energy Human Genome Program from 1994 through 1996, with specified updates made just before publication. Part 2 consists of 1996 research abstracts. Attention is focused on the following: sequencing; mapping; informatics; ethical, legal, and social issues; infrastructure; and small business innovation research.

  2. Small bowel review: normal physiology part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, A B; Keelan, M; Thiesen, A; Clandinin, M T; Ropeleski, M; Wild, G E

    2001-12-01

    In the past year there have been many advances in the area of small bowel physiology and pathology and therapy. In preparation for this review, over 1500 papers were assessed. The focus is on presenting clinically useful information for the practising gastroenterologist. Selected important clinical learning points include the following: (1) glucose absorption mediated by SGLT1 is controlled by mRNA abundance, as well as by posttranscriptional processes including protein trafficking; (2) inducers of cytochrome P-450 decrease glucose and fructose absorption and increase glucose consumption in the intestine; (3) the regulated release of nutrients from the stomach into the upper intestine ensures that the modest intestinal transport reserve capacity is not exceeded; (4) hepatocyte growth factor and short-chain fatty acids may enhance intestinal adaptation and prevent the atrophy seen when total parenteral nutrition is infused; (5) inhibitors of pancreatic lipase and phospholipase H2 may be useful clinically to reduce absorption as part of a treatment program for obesity and hyperlipidemia; (6) several membrane-bound and cytosolic proteins have been identified in the enterocyte as well as in the hepatocyte and may be the target for the future therapeutic manipulation of bile acid metabolism and control of hyperlipidemia; (7) suspect bile acid malabsorption in the patient with otherwise unexplained chronic diarrhea; (8) a proportion of lipid absorption is protein-mediated, and this opens the way to targeting these proteins and thereby therapeutically modifying lipid absorption; (9) a high protein diet may be useful to increase the intestinal absorption of drugs transported by the H+/dipeptide cotransporter; (10) a metal transporter DCT1 has been identified, and this may open the way to a better understanding of disorders of, for example, iron and zinc metabolism; (11) the nutrient transporters such as SGLT1 are responsible for a portion of the intestinal absorption of

  3. A Tracking Sun Photometer Without Moving Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strawa, Anthony W.

    2012-01-01

    This innovation is small, lightweight, and consumes very little electricity as it measures the solar energy attenuated by gases and aerosol particles in the atmosphere. A Sun photometer is commonly used on the Earth's surface, as well as on aircraft, to determine the solar energy attenuated by aerosol particles in the atmosphere and their distribution of sizes. This information is used to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of gases and aerosols in the atmosphere, as well as their distribution sizes. The design for this Sun photometer uses a combination of unique optics and a charge coupled device (CCD) array to eliminate moving parts and make the instrument more reliable. It could be selfcalibrating throughout the year. Data products would be down-welling flux, the direct-diffuse flux ratio, column abundance of gas phase constituents, aerosol optical depth at multiple-wavelengths, phase functions, cloud statistics, and an estimate of the representative size of atmospheric particles. These measurements can be used to obtain an estimate of aerosol size distribution, refractive index, and particle shape. Incident light is received at a light-reflecting (inner) surface, which is a truncated paraboloid. Light arriving from a hemispheric field of view (solid angle 2 steradians) enters the reflecting optic at an entrance aperture at, or adjacent to, the focus of the paraboloid, and is captured by the optic. Most of this light is reflected from an inner surface. The light proceeds substantially parallel to the paraboloid axis, and is detected by an array detector located near an exit aperture. Each of the entrance and exit apertures is formed by the intersection of the paraboloid with a plane substantially perpendicular to the paraboloid axis. Incident (non-reflected) light from a source of limited extent (the Sun) illuminates a limited area on the detector array. Both direct and diffuse illumination may be reflected, or not reflected, before being received on

  4. Fractional calculus in bioengineering, part 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magin, Richard L

    2004-01-01

    -threshold nerve propagation. By expanding the range of mathematical operations to include fractional calculus, we can develop new and potentially useful functional relationships for modeling complex biological systems in a direct and rigorous manner. In Part 2 of this review (Crit Rev Biomed Eng 2004; 32(1):105-193), fractional calculus was applied to problems in nerve stimulation, dielectric relaxation, and viscoelastic materials by extending the governing differential equations to include fractional order terms. In this third and final installment, we consider distributed systems that represent shear stress in fluids, heat transfer in uniform one-dimensional media, and subthreshold nerve depolarization. Classic electrochemical analysis and impedance spectroscopy are also reviewed from the perspective of fractional calculus, and selected examples from recent studies in neuroscience, bioelectricity, and tissue biomechanics are analyzed to illustrate the vitality of the field.

  5. Juhan Parts : Eesti saab uued ministrid paari-kolme nädalaga / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Res Publica esimees Juhan Parts tunnistab Reformierakonna ja Rahvaliiduga peetavate võimukõneluste takerdumist päevaprobleemidesse, kuid loodab aprilli esimeseks pooleks valitsuskoalitsiooni kokku saada. Vt. samas: Parts kohtus Rüütliga

  6. Ericksonian Approach to Experiential Education, Part 1: Developing the Stance of the Practitioner; Part 2: Tailoring Interventions; Part 3: Applying Specific Ericksonian Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itin, Christian

    This three-part workshop presentation explores the ideas of Milton Erickson on the therapeutic relationship and the therapeutic use of metaphor, and applies these ideas to experiential education and adventure therapy. Part 1 introduces the practitioner to the core philosophy within an Ericksonian approach: "utilization" of a client's…

  7. Control of power to an inductively heated part

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adkins, Douglas R. (1620 Adelita Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Frost, Charles A. (1039 Red Oaks Loop NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Kahle, Philip M. (528 Longwood Loop NE., Rio Rancho, NM 87124); Kelley, J. Bruce (13200 Blue Corn Maiden Trail NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Stanton, Suzanne L. (2805 Palo Alto NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)

    1997-01-01

    A process for induction hardening a part to a desired depth with an AC signal applied to the part from a closely coupled induction coil includes measuring the voltage of the AC signal at the coil and the current passing through the coil; and controlling the depth of hardening of the part from the measured voltage and current. The control system determines parameters of the part that are functions of applied voltage and current to the induction coil, and uses a neural network to control the application of the AC signal based on the detected functions for each part.

  8. NMG documentation, part 3: maintainer`s guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fritsch, F.N.; Dickinson, R.P. Jr.

    1996-07-01

    This is the third of a three-part report documenting NMG, the Numerical Mathematics Guide. Part I is aimed at the user of the systenL It contains an introduction, with an out- line of the complete report, and Chapter 1, User`s Point of View. Part II is aimed at the programmer and contains Chapter 2, How It Works. Part III is aimed at the maintainer of NMG and contains Chapter 3, Maintenance, and Chapter 4, Validation. Because its contents are so specialized, Part III will receive only limited distribution. Note that each chapter has its own page numbering and table of contents.

  9. 49 CFR Appendix C to Part 385 - Regulations Pertaining to Remedial Directives in Part 385, Subpart J

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Regulations Pertaining to Remedial Directives in Part 385, Subpart J C Appendix C to Part 385 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to...—Regulations Pertaining to Remedial Directives in Part 385, Subpart J § 395.1(h)(1)(i)Requiring or permitting...

  10. Specialised structural descriptions for human body parts: Evidence from autotopagnosia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxbaum, L J; Coslett, H B

    2001-06-01

    Previous accounts of autotopagnosia (e.g., Ogden, 1985; Pick, 1908; Semenza, 1988) propose that the disorder is attributable to deficits in "mental images," visual body schema, or semantic representations. A recent account (Sirigu, Grafman, Bressler, & Sunderland, 1991b) posits deficits in visual structural descriptions of the human body and its parts, in the context of spared semantic and proprioceptivespatio-motor body representations, but provides no evidence bearing on the nature or format of the putatively damaged representation. We report data from a man with autotopagnosia consequent to lefthemisphere brain damage which bear directly on the nature of the representation impaired in the disorder. The subject, GL, is unable to localise body parts on himself or others, whether cued by verbal or visual input. In contrast, he uses body parts precisely in reaching and grasping tasks, correctly matches items of clothing to body parts, and localises the parts of animals and man-made objects without error. We also demonstrate that GL is unable to match pictured or real human body parts across shifts in orientation or changes in visual appearance, but can perform analogous matching tasks with animal body parts and man-made object parts. The data extend the account of Sirigu et al. (1991b) in suggesting that human body part localisation depends upon structural descriptions of human (but not animal) bodies that enable viewpoint-independent body part recognition and participate in the calculation of equivalence between the body parts of self and others across transformations in orientation.

  11. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, Part 22

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    The Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, Part 22 is presented. The topics include: 1) Pressure Histories from Thin and Thick Shock-induced Melt Veins in Meteorites; 2) Nano-structured Minerals as Signature of Microbial Activity; 3) The Insoluble Carbonaceous Material of CM Chondrites as Possible Source of Discrete Organics During the Asteroidal Aqueous Phase; 4) Discovery of Abundant Presolar Silicates in Subgroups of Antarctic Micrometeorites; 5) Characteristics of a Seismometer for the LUNAR-A Penetrator; 6) Heating Experiments of the HaH 262 Eucrite and Implication for the Metamorphic History of Highly Metamorphosed Eucrites; 7) Measurements of Ejecta Velocity Distribution by a High-Speed Video Camera; 8) Petrological Comparison of Mongolian Jalanash Ureilite and Twelve Antarctic Ureilites; 9) Metallographic Cooling Rate of IVA Irons Revisited; 10) Inhomogeneous Temperature Distribution in Chondrules in Shock-Wave Heating Model; 11) Subsurface Weathering of Rocks and Soils at Gusev Crater; 12) Extinct Radioactivities in the Early Solar System and the Mean Age of the Galaxy; 13) Correlation of Rock Spectra with Quantitative Morphologic Indices: Evidence for a Single Rock Type at the Mars Pathfinder Landing Site; 14) Silicon Isotopic Ratios of Presolar Grains from Supernovae; 15) Current Status and Readiness on In-Situ Exploration of Asteroid Surface by MINERVA Rover in Hayabusa Mission; 16) Long Formation Period of Single CAI: Combination of O and Mg Isotope Distribution; 17) Supra-Canonical Initial 26Al/27Al Indicate a 105 Year Residence Time for CAIs in the Solar Proto-Planetary Disk; 18) Evolution of Mercury's Obliquity; 19) First Results from the Huygens Surface Science Package; 20) Polyhedral Serpentine Grains in CM Chondrites; 21) Mountainous Units in the Martian Gusev Highland Region: Volcanic, Tectonic, or Impact Related? 22) Petrography of Lunar Meteorite MET 01210, A New Basaltic Regolith Breccia; 23) Earth-Moon Impacts at 300 Ma and 500 Ma Ago; 24

  12. The welfare state and its distributive effects: part of the problem or part of the solution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, V

    1987-01-01

    In the first part of this article, the author presents (1) a discussion of some of the major arguments against the welfare state put forward by neoliberal forces on both sides of the Atlantic, and (2) empirical information that shows the ideological rather than scientific nature of those arguments. The author also questions the widely held belief among European neoliberal (and even on occasion progressive) forces that the Reagan Administration policies have been (1) very successful in stimulating employment and economic growth, and (2) neoliberal rather than Keynesian. The empirical information presented in this article shows that these Reagan Administration policies have followed a military Keynesianism rather than social Keynesianism, which is responsible for a rather poor economic and social performance. In the second part, the author presents alternatives to the austerity policies advocated by the anti-welfare state forces, policies based on an expansion of the universalist character of the welfare state and its democratization, with active participation of the municipalities in the administration of the welfare state services and in the development of reflationary policies aimed at guiding production and stimulating consumption. The author also shows that the full development of the welfare state is a precondition for the needed restructuring of the economy, labor mobility, and technological innovation. The welfare state, rather than being the cause of the economic crisis, is part of the resolution of this crisis. The article ends with a discussion of the political conditions for the expansion of the welfare state and for the resolution of the economic crisis.

  13. Writing a grant proposal--part 2: research methods--part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bliss, Donna Z; Savik, Kay

    2005-01-01

    As part of a Spotlight series on grant writing by members of the Center for Clinical Investigation of the Wound Ostomy and Continence Nursing (WOCN) Society, this article completes an explanation about writing the Methods section of a grant proposal. The aim of this series is to enhance the skills of WOC nurses to increase submissions of high-quality grants related to WOC nursing science and success in garnering funding, particularly from foundation grants, such as that of the WOCN. In this article, writing about the sample and setting, power analysis, sampling and recruitment procedures, implementation and data collection procedures, statistical analysis plan, and ethical considerations are described.

  14. Synchrotron X-ray CT characterization of titanium parts fabricated by additive manufacturing. Part I. Morphology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarlett, Nicola Vivienne Yorke; Tyson, Peter; Fraser, Darren; Mayo, Sheridan; Maksimenko, Anton

    2016-07-01

    Synchrotron X-ray tomography has been applied to the study of titanium parts fabricated by additive manufacturing (AM). The AM method employed here was the Arcam EBM(®) (electron beam melting) process which uses powdered titanium alloy, Ti64 (Ti alloy with approximately 6%Al and 4%V), as the feed and an electron beam for the sintering/welding. The experiment was conducted on the Imaging and Medical Beamline of the Australian Synchrotron. Samples were chosen to examine the effect of build direction and complexity of design on the surface morphology and final dimensions of the piece.

  15. Command and Control Related Computer Technology. Part I. Packet Radio. Part II. Speech Compression and Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-12-01

    Radio group has now assimilated the history and context of the project and has become an active and important member of the group. Resolution of...vii ^ i N - i .-.■ Si • ■ - %■ ’■:■ .". <- * ■ ’ . ■ ■ - v. .■’. parts, one for consonants and one for vowels . It is a nonsense...position, and the response set for each item is a minimal pair of English monosyllables. The Phoneme-Specific Intelligibi1ity test covers vowels

  16. Utilização de Ecolife® e Acibenzolar-s-metil (ASM no controle da antracnose da banana em pós-colheita Use of Ecolife® and Acibenzolar-S-metil (ASM on the control of antracnosis in banana post-harvest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Marinho Furtado

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a ação dos produtos ASM e Ecolife no controle da antracnose pós-colheita em frutos de banana. Frutos sadios de banana, variedades maçã, prata, pacovan e cacau , em fase intermediária de maturação, foram imersos previamente em soluções de ASM e Ecolife e inoculados com Colletotrichum musae. Utilizou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial com quatro repetições. Os resultados apresentados demonstraram a eficácia dos produtos nas concentrações de 5 ml/ L (Ecolife e 0,50g/ L (ASM no controle da antracnose nas variedades analisa das. A variedade cacau apresentou menor lesão quando tratada com o Ecolife (5,79 mm. Com relação ao efeito do ASM, a bana na prata demonstrou um melhor resultado, com tamanho médio de lesão de 5,62 mm. Com o decorrer do processo de maturação dos frutos houve um decréscimo na severidade da doença nas quatro variedades estudadas, exceto no tratamento testemunha, que continuou apresentando aumento no tamanho das lesões nos frutos e atingir a polpa ao final da maturação.The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of ASM and Ecolife on the control of post-harvest antracnosis in banana. Banana fruits of Maçã, Prata, Pacovan and Figo varieties, at intermediate stage of maturation, were immersed in solutions of ASM and Ecolife and inoculated with Colletotrichum musae A completely randomized design was used, at a factorial scheme 4x2 (four varieties x two products with four replicates. The presented results demonstrated the susceptibility of the fruits to the disease, mainly Maça variety with lesion of 17,99 mm. It was demosntrated the effectiveness of products at concentrations of 5ml. L-1 (Ecolife and 0.50g. L-1 (ASM on antracnosis control. The Figo variety presented the smallest injuries when treated with Ecolife (5.79 mm. Regarding ASM effects, Prata variety demonstrated the best performance, with 5.62 mm of injuries diameter. Throughout the maturation of the fruits the disease severity was declined in all varieties, except in the control treatment, where injuries continued growing until reaching the pulp.

  17. IN MY OPINION: Taking part matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Christine

    2000-09-01

    demanding syllabuses for pre-university exams. In years gone by, some of our most gifted students happened to be taught by some of our most able teachers, and together they tackled the old Scholarship-level papers. The old O-level work gave students a solid grounding in classical mechanics, electricity and magnetism, with lots of sums on which to anchor the concepts. Those who enjoyed this aspect of the science could launch into A-level studies of Maths, Physics, Chemistry and/or Further Maths, and relish the challenges hidden in the syllabuses. Advanced level aims have changed. Mathematical elements have been played down; traditional proofs and applications may be referred to but are no longer required learning for the candidates. The modular system allows less repetitive revision and consolidation of ideas so that students are not required to immerse themselves in the subject in the same way as a generation ago. Does this matter? The `new way' hopes to attract some students into Physics and Engineering who would have been intimidated by the rigour and commitment required to do well in the old system. The single-minded student has a wealth of information available to further his or her studies and will not be limited by the dictates of any syllabus. However, without the need to meet exam requirements, many of our most able students have been deprived of the pleasure of advancing their knowledge so far at school, and must wait for a degree course to take up the story. (We should worry if many of these potential scientists get deflected from Physics.) The change in A-level targets inevitably means that the UK is slipping down the IPhO medal table, but in the Olympic tradition it is the taking part that matters. The 31st Olympiad was won by the People's Republic of China, with five gold medals out of five. Heartiest congratulations to them and to Russia, who came second with two gold, two silver and a bronze. The other gold medals went to Hungary (2), India (2), Taiwan (2

  18. Dermatoses neutrofílicas: parte II Neutrophilic dermatoses: part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Razera

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo são abordadas as dermatoses neutrofílicas, complementando o artigo anterior (parte I. São apresentadas e comentadas as seguintes dermatoses: pustulose subcórnea de Sneddon-Wilkinson, dermatite crural pustulosa e atrófica, pustulose exantemática generalizada aguda, acroder matite contínua de Hallopeau, pustulose palmoplantar, acropustulose infantil, bacteride pustular de Andrews e foliculite pustulosa eosinofílica. Uma breve revisão das dermatoses neutrofílicas em pacientes pediátricos também é realizada.This article addresses neutrophilic dermatoses, thus complementing the previous article (part I. The following dermatoses are introduced and discussed: subcorneal pustular dermatosis (Sneddon-Wilkinson disease, dermatitis cruris pustulosa et atrophicans, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, continuous Hallopeau acrodermatitis, palmoplantar pustulosis, infantile acropustulosis, Andrews' pustular bacteride and eosinophilic pustular folliculitis. A brief review of neutrophilic dermatoses in pediatric patients is also conducted.

  19. Tratamento cirúrgico das valvopatias: parte 2 Valvopathies: surgical treatment. Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo M Braile

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available Esta segunda parte abordará técnica operatória, conduta pós-operatória e reoperações de pacientes com valvopatias. Em Técnica Operatória são descritos os procedimentos de anestesia, a abordagem cirúrgica, que inclui a instalação da circulação extracorpórea, e as cirurgias das valvas mitral, aórtica, tricúspide e pulmonar. Em Conduta Pós-Operatória é relatada a rotina na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, e em Reoperações é abordada a técnica cirúrgica.This second part will cover operative technique, postoperative approach and reoperations of valvopathy patients. In Operative Technique, there is the description of the anesthesia procedures, surgical approach which includes the assembling of the extracorporeal circulation and surgeries of mitral, aortic, tricuspid and pulmonary valves. In the Postoperative Approach, the routine in the Intensive Care Unity is reported, and in Reoperations the surgical technique is covered.

  20. Part-Time Physicians…Prevalent, Connected, and Satisfied

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Rachel B.; Manwell, Linda Baier; Mundt, Marlon P.; Linzer, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Objective The health care workforce is evolving and part-time practice is increasing. The objective of this work is to determine the relationship between part-time status, workplace conditions, and physician outcomes. Design Minimizing error, maximizing outcome (MEMO) study surveyed generalist physicians and their patients in the upper Midwest and New York City. Measurements and Main Results Physician survey of stress, burnout, job satisfaction, work control, intent to leave, and organizational climate. Patient survey of satisfaction and trust. Responses compared by part-time and full-time physician status; 2-part regression analyses assessed outcomes associated with part-time status. Of 751 physicians contacted, 422 (56%) participated. Eighteen percent reported part-time status (n = 77, 31% of women, 8% of men, p < .001). Part-time physicians reported less burnout (p < .01), higher satisfaction (p < .001), and greater work control (p < .001) than full-time physicians. Intent to leave and assessments of organizational climate were similar between physician groups. A survey of 1,795 patients revealed no significant differences in satisfaction and trust between part-time and full-time physicians. Conclusions Part-time is a successful practice style for physicians and their patients. If favorable outcomes influence career choice, an increased demand for part-time practice is likely to occur. PMID:18214623

  1. Past, Present and Future Trends for NASA's EEE Parts Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Michael J.

    2003-01-01

    The foundation of NASA's Electrical, Electronic and Electromechanical (EEE) parts program is standardization. Standardization helps to reduce the number of unknown variables present as a project or program progresses; unknown variables equate to unknown risk. NASA spacecraft are usually 'one-offs' or at least part of a very short run, and every new part that is used represents a risk that has to be understood and mitigated as necessary. This equates directly to time and cost. Standardization of component parts is used to provide a foundation of known, dependable, qualified parts upon which a safe, reliable system can be built. In addition, the evaluation and selection of parts for the standard parts list unifies the activity under one group of experts rather than having engineers on each project overlapping and duplicating efforts. Thus, the project support engineers are able to concentrate on understanding and mitigating the risks for the non standard parts required to meet specific requirements of their project. Rapid technology change is producing conditions that make any form of parts-based standardization increasingly difficult, particularly the use of Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) parts and assemblies. There are many complications to COTS-based standardization. COTS parts change rapidly and unpredictably, often have different characteristics fiom manufacturer to manufacturer, frequently are only available through distribution, have no universal specification and have variable and unpredictable radiation characteristics. This presentation will discuss some potential approaches to COTS parts standardization. Further into the future, in three to five years perhaps, the use of COTS boards and boxes will be extensive and standardization at these levels of assembly will be necessary. In five to ten years, most major spacecraft functions will probably be performed by COTS boards. How will this be achieved? What role will the parts engineer play, if any? This

  2. Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle Quality Assurance and Reliability Assessment - Part A

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-08

    the prime contractor Boeing. Our assessment resulted in two separate reports. Part A: Assess Raytheon conformity to Aerospace Standard (AS)9100C...MDA conformed to the requirements of DoD Directive 7650.3; therefore, we do not require additional comments. We appreciate the courtesies extended to...assessment resulted in two parts: • Part A (Unclassified): Assess Raytheon conformity to Aerospace Standard (AS)9100C, “Quality Management Systems

  3. How Bad is Involuntary Part-time Work?

    OpenAIRE

    Borowczyk-Martins, Daniel; Lalé, Etienne

    2015-01-01

    We use a set of empirical and analytical tools to conduct parallel analyses of involuntary part-time work and unemployment in the U.S. labor market. In the empirical analysis, we document that the similar cyclical behavior of involuntary part-time work and unemployment masks major differences in the underlying dynamics. Unlike unemployment, variations in involuntary part-time work are mostly explained by its interaction with full-time employment, and since the Great Recession employed workers...

  4. Accurate characterisation of post moulding shrinkage of polymer parts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neves, L. C.; De Chiffre, L.; González-Madruga, D.;

    2015-01-01

    The work deals with experimental determination of the shrinkage of polymer parts after injection moulding. A fixture for length measurements on 8 parts at the same time was designed and manufactured in Invar, mounted with 8 electronic gauges, and provided with 3 temperature sensors. The fixture...... of post moulding shrinkage of polymer parts was developed. Expanded uncertainties (k=2) of 3 μm were obtained....

  5. EMC of Electrical Systems - Electromagnetic Coupling ( Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KOVACOVA, I.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the general analysis of one part of the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC problem - the electromagnetic coupling applied in the field of power electrical systems. The verification simulation analyses and practical measurements of the electromagnetic coupling, which are confirming the correctness of results obtained from theoretical analyses (part I., are presented in part II. So they can be used for predictive stating of EMC quality of individual new electrotechnical products.

  6. Multiple material additive manufacturing – Part 1:\\ud a review

    OpenAIRE

    Vaezi, Mohammad; Chianrabutra, Srisit; Mellor, Brian; Yang, Shoufeng

    2013-01-01

    Interest in multifunctional structures made automatically from multiple materials poses a challenge for today’s additive manufacturing (AM) technologies; however the ability to process multiple materials is a fundamental advantage to some AM technologies. The capability to fabricate multiple material parts can improve AM technologies by either optimizing the mechanical properties of the parts or providing additional functions to the final parts. The objective of this paper is to give an overv...

  7. Training manual for precision hand deburring, Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1980-05-01

    Part 1 is presented of 4 parts of a training manual to be used by machinist trainees, production workers, and others removing burrs from precision miniature parts. The manuals are written to be self-teaching and are intended to be used with two hours of training each day and are intended to be used with two hours of training each day along with another six hours of bench work in deburring.

  8. Purchasing policy model based on components/parts unification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SunXiaolin; ZhongDeqiang; ManDaqing; BinSheng

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a mathematical model for components/parts unification (CPU) policy. This model considers two components/parts that are functionally interchangeable but purchased from suppliers with different prices and quality characteristics. Because of the buyer's quality preference and suppliers' discount rates for bulky purchases, the model assists the procurement manager to determine how best to purchase the components/parts to meet its demand while minimizing the total acquisition costs.

  9. Making Ceramic/Polymer Parts By Extrusion Stereolithography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuffle, Kevin; Mulligan, A.; Creegan, P.; Boulton, J. M.; Lombardi, J. L.; Calvert, P. D.

    1996-01-01

    Extrusion stereolithography developmental method of computer-controlled manufacturing of objects out of ceramic/polymer composite materials. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software used to create image of desired part and translate image into motion commands for combination of mechanisms moving resin dispenser. Extrusion performed in coordination with motion of dispenser so buildup of extruded material takes on size and shape of desired part. Part thermally cured after deposition.

  10. La halitosis: revisión de la literatura. Primera parte Halitosis: literature review. First part

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.L. Foglio Bonda

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La halitosis es un trastorno capaz de condicionar la calidad de vida, particularmente en lo que atañe a las relaciones sociales. Mediante una atenta revisión de la literatura se han puesto de relieve las hipótesis etiológicas, tanto orales como extraorales, de la halitosis y el correspondiente enfoque diagnóstico-terapéutico por parte del odontólogo y del higienista dental.Halitosis is a problem that may affect the quality of life, social relations in particular. Through a careful literature review, aetiological hypotheses, both oral and extraoral, on halitosis are highlighted as well as the dianostic and therapeutic approach that should be adopted by the dentist and the dental hygienist.

  11. La halitosis: revisión de la literatura. Segunda parte Halitosis: literature review. Second part

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.L. Foglio Bonda

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available La halitosis es un trastorno capaz de condicionar la calidad de vida, particularmente en lo que atañe a las relaciones sociales. Mediante una atenta revisión de la literatura se han puesto de relieve las hipótesis etiológicas, tanto orales como extraorales, de la halitosis y el correspondiente enfoque diagnóstico-terapéutico por parte del odontólogo y del higienista dental.Halitosis is a problem that may affect the quality of life, social relations in particular. Through a careful literature review, aetiological hypotheses, both oral and extraoral, on halitosis are highlighted as well as the dianostic and therapeutic approach that should be adopted by the dentist and the dental hygienist.

  12. Design of Test Parts to Characterize Micro Additive Manufacturing Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Mary Kathryn; Mischkot, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The minimum feature size and obtainable tolerances of additive manufacturing processes are linked to the smallest volumetric elements (voxels) that can be created. This work presents the iterative design of a test part to investigate the resolution of AM processes with voxel sizes at the micro...... scale. Each design iteration reduces the test part size, increases the number of test features, improves functionality, and decreases coupling in the part. The final design is a set of three test parts that are easy to orient and measure, and that provide useful information about micro additive...... manufacturing processes....

  13. FUZZY NEURAL NETWORK FOR MACHINE PARTS RECOGNITION SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Xiaobin; Yin Guofu; Chen Ke; Hu Xiaobing; Luo Yang

    2003-01-01

    The primary purpose is to develop a robust adaptive machine parts recognition system. A fuzzy neural network classifier is proposed for machine parts classifier. It is an efficient modeling method. Through learning, it can approach a random nonlinear function. A fuzzy neural network classifier is presented based on fuzzy mapping model. It is used for machine parts classification. The experimental system of machine parts classification is introduced. A robust least square back-propagation (RLSBP) training algorithm which combines robust least square (RLS) with back-propagation (BP) algorithm is put forward. Simulation and experimental results show that the learning property of RLSBP is superior to BP.

  14. 7 CFR 1219.18 - Part and subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.18 Part...

  15. Part Transportation Improvement in Warehouse of an Automotive Factory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choojan, Tiwapom; Chutima, Parames

    2016-05-01

    This research is focus on the problems cause the assembly line stop in a Japanese automotive manufacturer in Thailand. The problem arose from not being able to supply parts to the assembly line in time and supplying wrong parts to the assembly line. Methods to resolve these problems involved the followings: 1) design new tag labels, 2) improve operations method and 3) redesign the parts storage layout and supply routes. The result showed that the time for transferring parts from the warehouse to the preparing area and the overlapped routes were reduced. Moreover, the supply accuracy from the preparation area to the assembly line was improved.

  16. Transition paths out of part-time unemployment

    OpenAIRE

    Månsson, Jonas; Ottoson, Jan

    2010-01-01

    Using a rich data set on all registered Swedish part-time unemployed in 2003 we aim at identify individual characteristics that affect the probability of leaving part-time unemployment—from the perspective of whether part-time work serves as a transition mechanism offering access to the core labour market of full-time jobs, a stepping stone to the labour market, or if it is a dead end. The results of the study indicate clearly that there are groups for whom part-time employment cannot be cons...

  17. Part-Time Unemployment and Optimal Unemployment Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    Ek, Susanne; Holmlund, Bertil

    2011-01-01

    A significant fraction of the labor force consists of employed workers who are part-time unemployed (underemployed) in the sense that they are unable to work as much as they prefer. This paper develops a search and matching model to study the design of optimal unemployment insurance in an economy with unemployment as well as part-time unemployment. Part-time unemployment provides income insurance and serves as a stepping stone to full-time jobs. Unemployment benefits for part-timers increase ...

  18. RESEARCH ON HYDROFORMING TUBULAR PART WITH LARGE PERIMETER DIFFERENCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    X.S. Wang; S.J. Yuan; X.R. Huang; Y.X. Yao; Z.R. Wang

    2008-01-01

    The tube hydroforming process for manufacturing the tubular part with large perimeter difference was studied by means of experiments and FE simulation. It is an asymmetrical one and the expansion ratio is 70 percent. The part is successfully hydroformed by applying the useful wrinkles to accumulate suffcient metal in the area with large expansion ratio. The thickness distribution is analyzed, and the maximum thinning ratio of the part is 21.6 percent. It is shown from the experiment and simulation results that the tubular part with large perimeter difference, long expansion area and asymmetrical shape can be obtained in one step, applying the useful wrinkles. Typical failure modes were analyzed.

  19. B Plant/WESF suspect/counterfeit parts identification program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mertz, D.W.

    1996-01-12

    This document describes a suspect/counterfeit parts inspection program required by DOE conducted in accordance with Internal Memo 16710-94-DWM-048, J.A. O`Brien to J. N. Nansen, B Plant Suspect/ Counterfeit Parts Action Plan, dated May 24, 1994. The program included: physical inspection of all spare parts inventories within the plant; screening of installed B Plant/WESF (Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility) systems for applications where the use and subsequent potential failure of suspect/counterfeit parts could have critical consequences; and a physical inspection based upon this screening.

  20. Planning and conducting meetings effectively, part I: planning a meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harolds, Jay

    2011-12-01

    Meetings are held by leaders for many purposes, including conveying information, raising morale, asking for opinions, brain storming, making people part of the problem-solving process, building trust, getting to a consensus, and making decisions. However, many meetings waste time, some undermine the leader's power, and some decrease morale. Part I of this series of articles gives some tips on basic planning for decision-making meetings. Part II of this series of articles analyzes selected components of decision-making meetings. Part III of this series will be on how the chairperson keeps decision-making meetings on track to make them efficient and productive.

  1. Modeling and Implementing ISO 13584-based Part Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东; 肖丽雯; 何援军; 张申生

    2004-01-01

    ISO 13584 (I.e. PLIB) is an international standard for the representation and exchange of CAD part libraries. It aims to provide an application-independent mechanism to enable the share of part library information between applications. In this paper, the approach of modeling part library conforming to ISO 13584 is presented. Also, a prototype of part library management system, I.e. BYL-PLIB, whose implementation is in agreement with ISO 13854 is developed to demonstrate the usefulness of proposed approach.

  2. Hidden variable models for quantum mechanics can have local parts

    CERN Document Server

    Larsson, Jan-Ake

    2009-01-01

    We present an explicit nonlocal nonsignaling model which has a nontrivial local part and is compatible with quantum mechanics. This model constitutes a counterexample to Colbeck and Renner's statement [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 050403 (2008)] that "any hidden variable model can only be compatible with quantum mechanics if its local part is trivial". Furthermore, we examine Colbeck and Renner's definition of "local part" and find that, in the case of models reproducing the quantum predictions for the singlet state, it is a restriction equivalent to the conjunction of nonsignaling and trivial local part.

  3. Representational Similarity of Body Parts in Human Occipitotemporal Cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracci, Stefania; Caramazza, Alfonso; Peelen, Marius V

    2015-09-23

    Regions in human lateral and ventral occipitotemporal cortices (OTC) respond selectively to pictures of the human body and its parts. What are the organizational principles underlying body part responses in these regions? Here we used representational similarity analysis (RSA) of fMRI data to test multiple possible organizational principles: shape similarity, physical proximity, cortical homunculus proximity, and semantic similarity. Participants viewed pictures of whole persons, chairs, and eight body parts (hands, arms, legs, feet, chests, waists, upper faces, and lower faces). The similarity of multivoxel activity patterns for all body part pairs was established in whole person-selective OTC regions. The resulting neural similarity matrices were then compared with similarity matrices capturing the hypothesized organizational principles. Results showed that the semantic similarity model best captured the neural similarity of body parts in lateral and ventral OTC, which followed an organization in three clusters: (1) body parts used as action effectors (hands, feet, arms, and legs), (2) noneffector body parts (chests and waists), and (3) face parts (upper and lower faces). Whole-brain RSA revealed, in addition to OTC, regions in parietal and frontal cortex in which neural similarity was related to semantic similarity. In contrast, neural similarity in occipital cortex was best predicted by shape similarity models. We suggest that the semantic organization of body parts in high-level visual cortex relates to the different functions associated with the three body part clusters, reflecting the unique processing and connectivity demands associated with the different types of information (e.g., action, social) different body parts (e.g., limbs, faces) convey. Significance statement: While the organization of body part representations in motor and somatosensory cortices has been well characterized, the principles underlying body part representations in visual cortex

  4. Introduction to stochastic models of transportation flows. Part I

    CERN Document Server

    Malyshev, V A

    2011-01-01

    We consider here probabilistic models of transportation flows. The main goal of this introduction is rather not to present various techniques for problem solving but to present some intuition to invent adequate and natural models having visual simplicity and simple (but rigorous) formulation, the main objects being cars not abstract flows. The papers consists of three parts. First part considers mainly linear flows on short time scale - dynamics of the flow due to changing driver behavior. Second part studies linear flow on longer time scales - individual car trajectory from entry to exit from the road. Part three considers collective car movement in complex transport networks.

  5. Conceptual design report: Nuclear materials storage facility renovation. Part 1, Design concept. Part 2, Project management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-14

    The Nuclear Materials Storage Facility (NMSF) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was a Fiscal Year (FY) 1984 line-item project completed in 1987 that has never been operated because of major design and construction deficiencies. This renovation project, which will correct those deficiencies and allow operation of the facility, is proposed as an FY 97 line item. The mission of the project is to provide centralized intermediate and long-term storage of special nuclear materials (SNM) associated with defined LANL programmatic missions and to establish a centralized SNM shipping and receiving location for Technical Area (TA)-55 at LANL. Based on current projections, existing storage space for SNM at other locations at LANL will be loaded to capacity by approximately 2002. This will adversely affect LANUs ability to meet its mission requirements in the future. The affected missions include LANL`s weapons research, development, and testing (WRD&T) program; special materials recovery; stockpile survelliance/evaluation; advanced fuels and heat sources development and production; and safe, secure storage of existing nuclear materials inventories. The problem is further exacerbated by LANL`s inability to ship any materials offsite because of the lack of receiver sites for mate rial and regulatory issues. Correction of the current deficiencies and enhancement of the facility will provide centralized storage close to a nuclear materials processing facility. The project will enable long-term, cost-effective storage in a secure environment with reduced radiation exposure to workers, and eliminate potential exposures to the public. This document provides Part I - Design Concept which describes the selected solution, and Part II - Project Management which describes the management system organization, the elements that make up the system, and the control and reporting system.

  6. Electronic spare-parts catalogue, an elementary module of spare-parts supply; Elektronischer Ersatzteilkatalog als elementarer Baustein der Ersatzteilversorgung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nienhaus, Karl; Bartnitzki, Thomas [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Maschinentechnik der Rohstoffindustrie; Stoll, Andrea [Bucyrus HEX GmbH, Dortmund (Germany). Abt. Technische Dokumentation

    2011-01-15

    Developments in recent years in the supply of spare parts at Bucyrus HEX GmbH have revealed the increasing importance of quick and error-free ordering of spare parts by means of electronic spare-parts catalogues. The spare-parts catalogue has meanwhile become the central component in order to enter eCommerce with the after sales services. These higher requirements will lead to further optimisation and automation of the publishing process on the manufacturer's side and to quicker acceptance of the new digital media and the linking of the electronic spare-parts catalogues to maintenance planning systems on the customer's side. The authors agree that these are exciting times with regard to electronic spare-parts catalogues. (orig.)

  7. 40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Ddd of... - Applicability of General Provisions (40 CFR Part 63, Subpart A) to Subpart DDD of Part 63

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (40 CFR Part 63, Subpart A) to Subpart DDD of Part 63 1 Table 1 to Subpart DDD of Part 63 Protection... Hazardous Air Pollutants for Mineral Wool Production Pt. 63, Subpt. DDD, Table 1 Table 1 to Subpart DDD of Part 63—Applicability of General Provisions (40 CFR Part 63, Subpart A) to Subpart DDD of Part...

  8. Tratamento cirúrgico das valvopatias: Parte 3 Valvopathies: surgical treatment. Part 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo M Braile

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho, subdividido em três partes, apresentou breve histórico da cirurgia cardíaca, com ênfase a cirurgia valvar e substitutos valvulares, empregados com sucesso na década de 60, inicialmente com próteses mecânicas, seguidas pelas heterólogas após a introdução do glutaraldeído para preservação dos tecidos biológicos. As indicações básicas para operar lesões valvares consistem em alívio dos sintomas, prevenção das complicações e da mortalidade. Foram descritos, também, na primeira parte da publicação, aspectos da indicação cirúrgica, com ênfase em estenose e insuficiência das valvas mitral, aórtica, tricúspide e pulmonar, endocardite infecciosa ativa e da conduta pré-operatória, além da caracterização das diferentes próteses valvulares cardíacas mecânicas e biológicas existentes no mercado e suas complicações mais freqüentes. O tratamento cirúrgico das valvopatias, incluindo técnica operatória para troca de valvas mitral, aórtica, tricúspide e pulmonar, condutas anestésica e pós-operatória e reoperações foram abordados na segunda parte da publicação. O trabalho foi concluído considerando as situações especiais, como tratamento cirúrgico na endocardite em valvas mitral, tricúspide e aórtica, cuja incidência é maior que na mitral e a causa mais comum de insuficiência aórtica aguda. O desenvolvimento da endocardite tem fisiopatologia diferente quando comparado às próteses e valvas naturais, com morbi-mortalidade maior que a observada nas valvas nativas. Existem fatores que aumentam o risco de endocardite em valva nativa, raça negra, próteses mecânicas, sexo masculino e longo tempo de circulação extracorpórea. A interação clínico-cirúrgica parece influenciar de forma decisiva na obtenção de melhores resultados para essa lesão. Finalmente, foi registrada a nossa experiência com próteses biológicas em posição mitral e aórtica com 11 e 10 anos de seguimento

  9. 32 CFR Appendix C to Part 45 - DD Form 215

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false DD Form 215 C Appendix C to Part 45 National... CERTIFICATE OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 214/5 SERIES) Pt. 45, App. C Appendix C to Part 45—DD Form 215 EC21OC91.050...

  10. 40 CFR 304.25 - Ex parte communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CLAIMS Jurisdiction of Arbitrator, Referral of Claims, and Appointment of Arbitrator § 304.25 Ex parte communication. (a) No interested person shall make or knowingly cause to be made to the Arbitrator an ex parte communication. (b) The Arbitrator shall not make or knowingly cause to be made to any interested person an...

  11. Accuracy analysis of the part made by selected laser sintering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The effects of different factors, including the precision of selected laser sintering (SLS) equipment, sintering temperature, sintered thickness of individual layer and laser scanning route, on the SLS part accuracy have been analyzed and studied. Some measures are suggested in order to improve the part accuracy made by SLS.

  12. 10 CFR Appendix B to Part 436 - Goal Setting Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Goal Setting Methodology B Appendix B to Part 436 Energy... Appendix B to Part 436—Goal Setting Methodology In establishing and updating agency goals for energy conservation, the following methodology or an equivalent method should be utilized: (a) For overall...

  13. 50 CFR Table 2 to Part 680 - Crab Species Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crab Species Code 2 Table 2 to Part 680 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION..., Table 2 Table 2 to Part 680—Crab Species Code Species code Common name Scientific name 900...

  14. Which Parts of a Clinical Process EPR Needs Special Configuration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barlach, Anders; Simonsen, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Subject: Which parts of an electronic patient record (EPR) can initially form a stable standard solution to be used by all clinicians? And which parts of an EPR can we predict needs initial as well as on-going re-configuration to meet the needs from diverse medical specialties. Purpose: To analyz...

  15. 16 CFR Figure 9 to Part 1203 - Impact Test Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Impact Test Apparatus 9 Figure 9 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Fig. 9 Figure 9 to Part 1203—Impact Test Apparatus...

  16. 49 CFR Appendix F to Part 512 - OMB Clearance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false OMB Clearance F Appendix F to Part 512 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY... 512—OMB Clearance The OMB clearance number for this part 512 is 2127-0025....

  17. 23 CFR Appendix B to Part 1327 - OMB Clearance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false OMB Clearance B Appendix B to Part 1327 Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURES FOR PARTICIPATING..., App. B Appendix B to Part 1327—OMB Clearance The OMB clearance number of this regulation is OMB...

  18. 7 CFR Appendix B to Part 226 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false B Appendix B to Part 226 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Appendix B to Part 226...

  19. Writing a grant proposal--part 1: research methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engberg, Sandra; Bliss, Donna Z

    2005-01-01

    The methods section is a critical part of a grant proposal. This article describes several important aspects of writing the methods section of a research proposal, including the conceptual framework, research design and study variables, and their measurement. It is the third part of a series of Spotlights on Research focused on successful grantsmanship.

  20. Reclaiming Kindergarten: Part II--Questions about Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullo, Dominic F.; Hughes, Kim

    2011-01-01

    Part II of "Reclaiming Kindergarten" continues the discussion related to responding to the crisis in today's kindergarten. In Part II, two policy questions are posed, the answers to which seek to respond to this continuing crisis. The questions center on issues related to engaging families in kindergarten and the need to consider a new early…

  1. 16 CFR Figure 9 to Part 1610 - Brushing Device Template

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Brushing Device Template 9 Figure 9 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 9 Figure 9 to Part 1610—Brushing...

  2. 16 CFR Figure 2 to Part 1610 - Flammability Apparatus Views

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Flammability Apparatus Views 2 Figure 2 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 2 Figure 2 to Part...

  3. 16 CFR Figure 6 to Part 1610 - Igniter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Igniter 6 Figure 6 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 6 Figure 6 to Part 1610—Igniter ER20OC08.001...

  4. 16 CFR Figure 8 to Part 1610 - Brush

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Brush 8 Figure 8 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 8 Figure 8 to Part 1610—Brush ER25MR08.007...

  5. 16 CFR Figure 7 to Part 1610 - Brushing Device

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Brushing Device 7 Figure 7 to Part 1610 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Pt.1610, Fig. 7 Figure 7 to Part 1610—Brushing Device ER25MR08.006...

  6. 15 CFR Supplement 1 to Part 732 - Decision Tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Decision Tree 1 Supplement 1 to Part 732 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU... THE EAR Pt. 732, Supp. 1 Supplement 1 to Part 732—Decision Tree ER06FE04.000...

  7. 15 CFR Supplement No. 2 to Part 783 - Manufacturing Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Manufacturing Activities No. Supplement No. 2 to Part 783 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade... Part 783—Manufacturing Activities The following constitute manufacturing activities that require...

  8. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 147 - Curriculum Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Curriculum Requirements A Appendix A to... to Part 147—Curriculum Requirements This appendix defines terms used in appendices B, C, and D of this part, and describes the levels of proficiency at which items under each subject in each...

  9. Facilitating Personal Transformations in Small Groups: Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Robert D.

    1989-01-01

    Describes personal transformation in small groups method that employs Matrix Model as its operational structure in Part I of two-part article. Describes method's reliance on metaphors and nature and manner in which they are employed. Defines personal transformation within framework of analytical psychology. (Author/CM)

  10. 50 CFR Appendix B to Part 404 - Approved VMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Approved VMS B Appendix B to Part 404... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT Pt. 404, App. B Appendix B to Part 404—Approved VMS I. VMS Mobile Transceiver Unit Thrane & Thrane Sailor 3026D Gold VMS The Thrane & Thrane Sailor 3026D Gold VMS (TT-3026D)...

  11. 7 CFR 15.68 - Ex parte communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ex parte communications. 15.68 Section 15.68 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture NONDISCRIMINATION Rules of Practice and Procedure for....68 Ex parte communications. (a) General. After proceedings have been commenced, any communication...

  12. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 138 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 138 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE MISCELLANEOUS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 138, App. A Appendix A to Part 138—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  13. 34 CFR Appendix A to Part 82 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 82 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 82, App. A Appendix A to Part 82—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  14. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 411 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 411 Banks and Banking EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 411, App. A Appendix A to Part 411—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  15. 38 CFR Appendix A to Part 45 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 45 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 45, App. A Appendix A to Part 45—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The undersigned...

  16. 29 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 93 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  17. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 227 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 227 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 227, App. A Appendix A to Part 227—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  18. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 438 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 438, App. A Appendix A to Part 438—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants,...

  19. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 311 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 311 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 311, App. A Appendix A to Part 311—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and...

  20. 18 CFR Appendix A to Part 1315 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 1315 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1315, App. A Appendix A to Part 1315—Certification Regarding Lobbying... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with...