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Sample records for caquis diospyrus kaki

  1. Resfriamento rápido e armazenamento de caquis (Diospyrus kaki, L., cv. Fuyu, em condições de atmosfera refrigerada e modificada Fast cooling and storage of kakis (Diospyrus kaki, L., cv. Fuyu, in conditions of refrigerated atmosphere and modified

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    Valdecir Carlos Ferri

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Para aumentar o período de conservação após a colheita de caquis, da cultivar Fuyu, dois sistemas de armazenamento foram estudados: atmosfera refrigerada (AR e atmosfera modificada (AM. As frutas foram separadas em dois lotes: 1º resfriamento rápido a 0ºC até que a polpa atingisse 10ºC e, então, armazenadas em AR a 10±0,5ºC e 90±5% UR; 2º resfriamento rápido a 0ºC até que a polpa atingisse 0,5ºC, para serem armazenadas em condições de AR a 0±0,5ºC e 90±5% de UR e em AM com filme PEBD 80mim a 0±0,5ºC e 90±5% UR. Neste sistema (AM, também se testou o uso de sachet contendo 1g de permanganato de potássio. Através dos resultados obtidos, observou-se que, para o armazenamento de caquis 'Fuyu', por períodos de até 30 dias, a temperatura de 10ºC é eficiente e, para períodos superiores, o emprego de filmes de polietileno de baixa densidade de 80mim, associado com a absorção do etileno, é o mais aficaz. O armazenamento em AR a 0±0,5ºC e 90±5% UR não foi eficiente na conservação dos caquis.In order to increase the conservation period of kakis cultivar Fuyu after harvest, two storage systems were studied: refrigerated atmosphere (RA and modified atmosphere (MA. The fruits were separated in two groups: 1 rapid cooling at 0 ºC until the pulp reached 10ºC and, then stored in RA to 10±5 ºC and 90±5% RH; 2 rapid cooling at 0 ºC until the pulp reached 0,5 ºC and, then stored in RA to 0±0,5 ºC and 90±5% RH; and in MA with LDPE film 80mum 0±0.5ºC and 90±5% RH. In the systems (MA, also the sachet containing 1 g of potassium permanganate were tested. Through the obtained results it was observed that for the storage of kakis 'Fuyu', for periods until 30 days, the temperature of 10 ºC is efficient and, for longer periods the use of films of polyethylene of low density (LPDE of 80mum, associated with the absorption of the ethylene is also efficient. The storage in RA at 0±0,5 ºC and 90±5% RH was not efficient

  2. Passas de caqui ‘Fuyu’: processamento e aceitabilidade = Dehydrated ‘Fuyu’ kaki processing

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    Dorivaldo da Silva Raupp

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O comércio de caqui fresco resulta em grande quantidade de frutos nãoclassificados. Assim, considerando também que a desidratação prolonga a vida-de-prateleira de alimentos perecíveis, a pesquisa se propôs a fazer uma contribuição para o desenvolvimento do processo de fabricação de passa a partir de frutos de caqui ‘Fuyu’. Foi utilizado um secador contendo circulação forçada de ar e cinco bandejas. O fruto descascado foi fatiado em quatro formas diferentes: fatias em metades, de corte transversal; fatias em ¼, de cortes longitudinais; fatias em ¼, de corte longitudinal seguido de corte transversal; fatias em 1/8, de dois cortes longitudinais seguidos de transversais. A condição de secagem que aplicou temperatura de 80°C por 1h seguida de 60°C por cerca de 23h produziu passas de caqui ‘Fuyu’ com a melhor aparência. A forma da fatia passa que teve a preferência dosprovadores foi aquela em que o fruto foi cortado em oito fatias (fatias de 1/8. As passas de caqui ‘Fuyu’ contendo umidades residuais baixas, 19,7 e 27,4%, foram apreciadas, quanto ao paladar, igualmente pelos provadores. Os frutos de caqui proporcionaram, em peso, 16,7 e 18,1% de produtos em passas e perdas estimadas em 25,5%. Os resultados indicaram que a passa de caqui ‘Fuyu’ constitui-se numa excelente oferta de fruta desidratada.Because kakis are usually sold fresh, this results in a high number of fruits that do not meet the marketing standard. Thus, considering that dehydration extends the shelf life of perishable foods, this research was aimed at providing a contribution for the development of a product referred to as dehydrated ‘Fuyu’ kaki. A forced air circulation dehydrator was used, equipped with five trays. The peeled fruit was sliced in four different ways: sliced into halves, transversally; sliced into quarters, longitudinally; sliced into quarters, once longitudinally and once transversally; sliced into eighths, by cutting twice

  3. Armazenamento de caqui (Diospyros kaki, L. cv. Quioto, em atmosfera controlada

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    DONAZZOLO JOEL

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar, com o presente trabalho, o efeito da temperatura e do CO2 no armazenamento em atmosfera controlada sobre a conservação de caqui cv. Quioto. Foram avaliadas as temperaturas -1,0 e -0,5ºC, e pressões parciais de CO2 de 0; 5 e 10kPa, com os tratamentos arranjados em um esquema bifatorial. Os frutos foram avaliados após 3 meses de armazenamento mais 3 dias de exposição à temperatura ambiente (18-20ºC. Conforme os resultados, não foi constatada interação entre os fatores, havendo efeito significativo para temperatura somente na firmeza de polpa, em que -1,0ºC apresentou frutos mais firmes. As diferentes pressões parciais de CO2 não influenciaram a perda de peso e a firmeza de polpa. As podridões apresentaram uma resposta linear negativa em relação ao CO2, porém, mantendo elevada ocorrência. Valores de CO2 entre 5 e 10kPa proporcionaram frutos com menor índice de escurecimento de epiderme e com coloração mais amarela e vermelha. O CO2 entre 5 e 10kPa apresentou os melhores resultados, que somados à temperatura de -1,0ºC, foi a melhor condição de armazenamento, que, no entanto, teve o período de conservação inferior a três meses nesta condição, devido às altas perdas por podridões.

  4. Evapotranspiração e coeficiente de cultivo do tomate caqui cultivado em ambiente protegido Evapotranspiration and crop coefficient of Kaki tomato cultivated in greenhouse

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    Ligia S. Reis

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Os parâmetros aerodinâmicos de uma cultura cultivada em ambiente protegido podem ser considerados dependentes do nível de radiação global, temperatura do ar e umidade do ar, com base em leis exponenciais. Assim sendo se propôs com este trabalho, estimar a evapotranspiração e o coeficiente de cultivo da cultura do tomate caqui em ambiente protegido, sob irrigação por gotejamento, utilizando-se o modelo de Penman-Monteith. Os parâmetros aerodinâmicos foram medidos com sensores conectados à estação automática instalada dentro do ambiente protegido. A evapotranspiração da cultura (ETc foi determinada experimentalmente por meio de lisímetros de drenagem e a umidade do solo foi medida através de sensores instalados a uma profundidade de 20 cm. O desempenho do modelo de Penman-Monteith foi comparado aos valores decendiais do balanço hídrico nos lisímetros; já a evapotranspiração de referência foi calculada com dados externos e utilizada para o cálculo do Kc da cultura; enfim, os resultados indicaram que o modelo de Penman-Monteith subestima os valores de evapotranspiração encontrados pelo balanço hídrico nos lisímetros.The aerodynamic parameters of a crop cultivated in greenhouse can be considered dependent upon the level of global radiation, air temperature and relative humidity, based on exponential laws. Consequently, this work intends to estimate the evapotranspiration and the crop coefficient of Kaki tomato in greenhouse, under drip irrigation, using the Penman-Monteith model. The aerodynamic parameters were measured with sensors connected to the automatic station installed inside the greenhouse. The ETc was determined experimentally through drainage lysimeters and the soil water content was measured through sensors installed at a depth of 20 cm. The performance of the Penman-Monteith model was compared to decennial values of the water balance in the lysimeters, while the reference evapotranspiration was calculated

  5. Controle da maturação de caquis 'Fuyu', com uso de aminoethoxivinilglicina e ácido giberélico Maturation control of kaki 'Fuyu' using aminoethoxivinilglicin adn gibberelic acid

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    VALDECIR CARLOS FERRI

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se o efeito do controle da maturação e o comportamento pós-colheita de caquis 'Fuyu', tratados a campo com aminoethoxivinilglicina (AVG e ácido giberélico (AG3. Utilizou-se o delineamento completamente casualizado, com quatro repetições. As pulverizações foram realizadas com AVG a 50ppm e AG3 a 30ppm, 30 dias antes da data prevista para a colheita. Após a colheita, os frutos foram armazenados em ambiente com temperatura 23±3ºC e umidade relativa de 75±5% e, a cada quatro dias, foram realizadas avaliações da perda de peso, firmeza de polpa, produção de etileno e teor de clorofilas e de carotenóides. As aplicações de AG3 e de AVG permitiram retardar o momento da colheita dos frutos e auxiliaram no armazenamento dos mesmos, através da preservação da integridade física dos frutos.This paper aims to evaluating the effect of maturation control and the post-harvest behavior in relation to Kaki 'Fuyu' sprayed with aminoethoxivinilglicin (AVG and Gibberelic acid (AG3 in the field. As to spraying, AVG at 50 ppm and AG3 at 30 ppm were used 30 days before harvest with four repeated applications at random. The fruits were stored at average temperatures of 23±3ºC and relative humidity of 75±5%; weight loss, pulp firmness, ethylene production, chlorophyll and caretenoid substances were evaluated every four days. The AG3 and AVG applications permited to retard harvest and helped storing of the fruits, through the physical structure preservation of fruits.

  6. Patogenicidade cruzada de Ceratobasidium spp. do caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki e do chá(Camellia sinensis e reação de cultivares de caqui ao patógeno Cross pathogenicity of Ceratobasidium spp. from kaki (Diospyros kaki and tea (Camellia sinensis and reaction of kaki varieties to the pathogen

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    Elaine Costa Souza

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O fungo Ceratobasidium spp. é o agente causal da doença mal-do-fio ou queima-do-fio em várias plantas frutíferas, em cafeeiro e em chá. Esta doença ocorre com maior freqüência em zonas de alta precipitação e temperaturas elevadas, típicas de regiões de florestas tropicais como a Amazônica e a Mata Atlântica. Em São Paulo, o primeiro relato do mal-do-fio em caquizeiro ocorreu na região de Mogi das Cruzes. O objetivo deste estudo foi testar a patogenicidade cruzada de isolados de Ceratobasidium spp. de caquizeiro e chá para ambas as culturas e também para o cafeeiro e citros. Avaliou-se, também, a reação de oito cultivares de caquizeiro, sob condições controladas, a isolados de Ceratobasidium spp. obtidos da mesma cultura. Constatou-se que os isolados de caquizeiro e de chá, embora filogeneticamente distintos, foram patogênicos para ambas as culturas, além de afetarem cafeeiro e citros. Não foram verificados indícios de reação de resistência aos isolados de Ceratobasidium spp. para as oito cultivares de caquizeiro testadas.The fungus Ceratobasidium spp. causes the white-thread blight disease, which affects several fruit trees, coffee and tea crops. This disease frequently occurs in zones of high precipitation and temperatures, typical of the tropical forest regions such as the Amazon and the Atlantic Forests. In São Paulo State, Brazil, this disease was reported by the first time affecting kaki plants in Mogi das Cruzes county. The objective of this study was to test the cross-pathogenicity of Ceratobasidium spp. isolates from kaki and tea to both host plants and also to coffee and citrus. This study also aimed to determine the reaction of local kaki varieties to Ceratobasidium spp. isolates from kaki under controlled conditions. Although phylogenetically distinct, kaki- and tea-infecting isolates were cross-pathogenic to both hosts, besides infecting coffee and citrus. There was no indication of resistance reaction

  7. Effect of the extract of persimmon (Diospyros kaki L. cv. ‘Rama Forte’and rosemary oily extract (Rosmarinus officinalis L. on the sensory characteristics and color stability of frozen beef burgersEfeito de extratos de caqui (Diospyros kaki L. cultivar Rama Forte e do extrato oleoso de alecrim (Rosmarinus officinalis L. nas características sensoriais e na estabilidade da cor de hambúrguer de carne bovina congelado

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    Leadir Lucy Martins Fries

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the extract of persimmon cv. ‘Rama Forte’ and rosemary oily extract on the sensory characteristics and color stability of frozen beef burgers. The crude hydroethanolic extract was prepared and subjected to fractionation resulting in the hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions as well as residual fraction. For the preparation of the burger samples a basic formulation was prepared and divided into parts: control, standard formulation ( 0.1% of sodium erythorbate, treatment 1 (0.5% of hydroethanolic crude extract, treatment 2 (0.7% of hydroethanolic crude extract, treatment 3 (0.5% of the residual fraction, treatment 4 (0.7% of the residual fraction , treatment 5 ( 0.5% of ethyl acetate fraction, Treatment 6 (0.7% of ethyl acetate fraction and treatment 7 (0.10% of oily extract of rosemary. The beef burger samples were stored at-25° C for 14 months and subjected to sensory analysis (color, aroma, flavor, and texture at the beginning of the experiment and the measurement of color (parameters L a*, b* and h* every two months. The addition of the extracts did not promote changes in the sensory attributes of the beef burgers at time zero of storage. A tendency to decrease a* values and increase of the h* values of the samples of frozen beef burgers occurred over the period of storage. Samples added with ethyl acetate fraction (0.5 and 0.7% and the oily extract of rosemary showed higher a* values than the other samples throughout the storage period and lower h* values than the standard sample at the end of the period evaluated. This indicates that the addition of ethyl acetate fraction and rosemary extract contributed to the retention and stability of the red color of the samples of beef burgers during the storage of the frozen product.O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de extratos de caqui cv. Rama Forte e do extrato oleoso de alecrim sobre as características sensoriais e a estabilidade

  8. Aminoethoxivinilglicina no controle do amadurecimento de frutos de caqui cv. Fuyu Aminoethoxyvinylglycine in the ripening control of persimmon fruits cv. Fuyu

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    Angela Fuentes Fagundes

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de aminoethoxivinilglicina (AVG, aplicado na pós-colheita, no amadurecimento de frutos de caqui (Diospyros kaki L. cv. Fuyu, armazenados à temperatura de 0 ± 2 ºC. Os frutos foram imersos durante dois minutos em solução de AVG, na concentração de 0; 415; 830 e 1.200 g ha-1 e dissolvidos em água destilada e adição de espalhante adesivo (óleo vegetal a 0,02% (v/v, secos à temperatura ambiente no barracão e armazenados em câmara fria a 0 ± 2 ºC e 95±2 % UR, e avaliados aos 32 e 52 dias com relação à firmeza, sólidos solúveis, pH da polpa, acidez titulável e injúria por frio. O AVG mostrou-se promissor no uso pós-colheita em caqui, onde os frutos tratados conservaram índices de firmeza linear em função da dose e teores de AT, SS e pH aceitáveis para o 'Fuyu'. Porém os frutos apresentaram translucidez, característica de injúria por frio, indicando a necessidade de novos estudos para se compreender a fisiologia pós-colheita deste fruto.An experiment was carried out to analyze the effect of the application of Aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG in post harvest application in persimmon fruits (Diospyros kaki L. cv. Fuyu stored at a temperature of 0 ± 2ºC. The fruits were immersed for two minutes into an AVG solution at a concentration of 0; 415; 830; 1200 g ha-1 and dissolved in distillated water. Then it was added adhesive spreader (vegetable oil 0.02% (v/v, dried at room temperature and stored at 0 ± 2 ºC and 95±2 % humidity. The treatments were evaluated on the 32nd and 52nd days to check the firmness, soluble solids, pH of the pulp, tritable acidity and chilling injury. The AVG may be promising in post harvest use with persimmon fruits, where treated fruits preserved linear levels of firmness in function of the doses and TA, SS and pH levels are acceptable for cv. Fuyu. However, fruits showed translucency, which are characteristics of chilling injury, indicating that new studies are

  9. Regulation of the peripheral body temperature by foods: a temperature decrease induced by the Japanese persimmon (kaki, Diospyros kaki).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibino, Gaku; Nadamoto, Tomonori; Fujisawa, Fumiko; Fushiki, Tohru

    2003-01-01

    We investigated whether the ingestion of the Japanese persimmon (kaki, Diospyros kaki) could lower the human peripheral body temperature. It was found that the temperatures recorded at the foot and wrist were depressed after kaki consumption compared to after the same amount of water consumption. The effects of ingesting freeze-dried kaki and eating a cookie (as its nutritional counterpart) containing the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and water were compared. A similar temperature-reducing effect of kaki was observed. The recovery of finger temperature after soaking the finger in ice-cooled water was also studied. The temperature recovery was delayed after kaki consumption. It was thus quantitatively demonstrated that ingesting kaki indeed had the effect of lowering (or repressing the rise) of the peripheral human body temperature, as has been traditionally believed in China for many hundreds of years.

  10. Pengaruh Program Edukasi Perawatan Kaki Berbasis Keluarga terhadap Perilaku Perawatan Kaki pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2

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    Citra Windani Mambang Sari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Perilaku perawatan kaki merupakan komponen yang penting dalam pencegahan kaki diabetik. Namun, banyak pasien Diabetes Melitus (DM yang tidak menjalankannya akibat rendahnya pengetahuan dan self-efficacy pasien maupun keluarga. Di sisi lain, dukungan dan keterlibatan keluarga merupakan aspek penting dalam terlaksananya perilaku perawatan kaki pasien DM. Pengembangan program peningkatan perawatan kaki DM berbasis keluarga penting dilakukan guna mengatasi kelemahan program sejenis yang berbasis individu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga terhadap perilaku perawatan kaki pasien DM. Penelitian quasi experiment dengan pre-test and post-test with control group design ini melibatkan 72 responden DM Tipe 2 dan keluarganya yang diseleksi secara purposive dari populasi responden Diabetes Melitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pasirkaliki Kota Bandung. Sampel dibagi menjadi kelompok intervensi dan kontrol dengan masing-masing 36 responden. Responden pada kelompok intervensi mendapatkan program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga, konseling serta tindak lanjut 1 kali melalui telepon dan tiga kali melalui kunjungan langsung ke rumah. Perilaku perawatan kaki dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner. Data dianalisis menggunakan paired dan independent t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan karakteristik antar kelompok. Perilaku perawatan kaki post test (M=84.69, SD=4.49 pada kelompok intervensi berbeda secara bermakna (p = 0.000 lebih tinggi dibanding pre test (M=49.50, SD=9.40, sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol ada penurunan skor setelah pengukuran (sebelum M=51,33, SD=8,58; sesudah M=49,50, SD=9,40; p=0,219. Program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga efektif meningkatkan perilaku perawatan kaki pasien DM. Dengan demikian, perawat dapat mengintegrasikan program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga ke program perkesmas sebagai upaya pencegahan kaki diabetik pada

  11. Molecular diversity in persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) cultivars ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2007-10-18

    Oct 18, 2007 ... morphological differences among cultivars of persimmon might be the result of genetic differences ... Key words: DNA fingerprinting, Diospyros kaki L., genetic variability, RAPD. ..... trees and conifers using PVP. Nuc.

  12. ANTROPOMETRI SENDI PERGELANGAN KAKI ETNIS MINANGKABAU

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    Hafni Marsil

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mengukur antropometri sendi pergelangan kaki etnis Minangkabau. Penelitian cross sectional dilakukan pada 50 orang mahasiswa kedokteran etnis Minangkabau berusia 21-25 tahun di lingkungan RS. dr. M Djamil Padang. Dilakukan pemeriksaan ROM, rontgen ankle proyeksi anteroposterior, lateral dan mortise. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ROM plantarfleksi 48,920±5,820, ROM dorsofleksi 31,300±4,070, inversi 10,320±2,280, eversi 5,940±1,200, talocrural angel anteroposterior 76,530± 2,530 dan mortise 77,380±2,270, tibiofibular overlap anteroposterior 7,51±2,64 mm dan mortise 4,71±2,45 mm, tibiofibular clear space anteroposterior 3,6±1,18 mm dan mortise 3,85±1,09 mm, talar tilt anteroposterior 0,140±0,100 dan mortise 0,190±0,150, medial malleolar length anteroposterior 13,88±1,99 mm dan mortise 14,03±1,69 mm, lateral malleolar length anteroposterior 25,71±2,83 mm dan mortise 26,70±3,40 mm, johnson angle anteroposterior 87,770±1,710 dan mortise 87,570±1,840, medial clear space 2,97±0,75 mm, anteroposterior inclination angle 7,470±2,700, anterior distal tibial angle 82,530± 2,700, dan anteroposterior gap 3,50±1,43 mm.Terdapat perbedaan ukuran antropometri sendi pergelangan kaki mahasiswa kedokteran beretnis Minangkabau di lingkungan RS. Dr. M. Djamil Padang dengan kepustakaan, namun masih dalam rentang normal.AbstractThis study aimed to measure anthropometric of ankle joint of Minangkabau ethnic group. Cross sectional study has been done in 50 Minangkabau ethnic medical students, aged 21-25 years in RSUP. Dr. M Djamil Padang. ROM, anteroposterior, lateral, and mortise X-ray projections of ankle were examined. ROM plantarflexion was 48.920±5.820, ROM dorsiflexion was 4.070±31.300, inversion was 10.320±2.280, eversion was 5.940±1.200, talocrural angel anteroposterior was 76.530±2.530 and mortise was 77.380±2.270, tibiofibular overlapp anteroposterior was 7.51±2,64 mm and mortise was 4.71±2,45 mm

  13. Pengaruh Akupunktur Pergelangan Tangan dan Kaki terhadap Nyeri Punggung Bawah

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    Indra T. Hidayat

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nyeri punggung bawah (NPB adalah nyeri yang dirasakan di daerah punggung bagian bawah. Akupunktur memiliki efek analgesi. Banyak metode dan teknik rangsang dalam akupunktur, salah satunya akupunktur pergelangan tangan dan kaki. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh akupunktur pergelangan tangan dan kaki terhadap nyeri punggung yang diukur dengan skor numeric analog scale (NAS pada pasien NPB. Desain penelitian adalah uji klinis acak tersamar tunggal dengan kontrol yang mengikutsertakan 42 pasien NPB. Pasien dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok perlakuan (n=21 yang dilakukan akupunktur pergelangan tangan dan kaki area 5 dan 6 pergelangan kaki; kelompok kontrol (n=21 yang dilakukan akupunktur tubuh pada titik BL23 Shenshu, BL40 Weizhong, dan LI4 Hegu. Akupunktur dilakukan 2x seminggu selama 3 minggu. Di akhir terapi Terdapat penurunan skor NAS pada kedua kelompok setelah terapi ke-6. Perubahan skor NAS setelah terapi ke-6 pada kelompok perlakuan berbeda bermakna bila dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol (p=0.041. Akupunktur pergelangan tangan dan kaki memiliki pengaruh terhadap penurunan nyeri yang signifikan. Kata kunci: nyeri punggung bawah, akupunktur pergelangan tangan dan kaki,   Numeric Analog ScaleEffect of Wrist and Ankle Acupuncture for Low Back Pain Abstract Low back pain (LBP is pain felt in the lower back area. Acupuncture has an analgesic effect There are many methods and stimulation techniques used in acupuncture, one of which is wrist and ankle acupuncture (WAA. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of WAA in the treatment of pain in LBP. The Numeric Analog Scale (NAS score was used to assess pain. The design was a single-blinded randomized control trial. The study involved 42 patients with LBP who were divided into 2 groups: treatment group (n = 2 which underwent wrist and ankle acupuncture to the Lower 5 and Lower 6 bilaterally; control group (n = 21 which underwent body acupuncture BL23 Shenshu, BL40 Weizhong

  14. Uso de cera na conservação pós-colheita do caqui cv. Giombo Use of wax in 'Giombo' persimmon cold stored

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    Julius Blum

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a eficiência da cera de carnaúba na conservação pós-colheita do caqui cv. Giombo. Os tratamentos consistiram do tratamento- controle e rápida imersão nas soluções contendo 12,5; 25 e 50 % do produto comercial Meghwax ECF 100®, que é uma emulsão de cera de carnaúba não-iônica a 30 %. Após a secagem, os frutos foram armazenados a 4ºC ± 1ºC e 80 % de umidade relativa. As avaliações foram realizadas em intervalos de 15 dias de conservação em câmara fria, seguidos de 4 dias à temperatura de 20 ± 1ºC, simulando o período de comercialização. As variáveis analisadas foram: firmeza de polpa; sólidos solúveis; acidez titulável; pH; teor de ácido ascórbico, fenóis e perda de massa fresca. O uso de cera de carnaúba, independentemente da concentração utilizada, diminuiu a perda de massa dos frutos em até 7,8 % em armazenagem por 60 dias em câmara fria, seguido de quatro dias em temperatura ambiente. A imersão dos frutos em solução com 12,5% de cera foi eficiente na manutenção do teor de ácido ascórbico e da firmeza, prolongando o tempo de armazenamento por 6 dias. Com o decorrer do armazenamento, houve decréscimo da acidez e aumento do pH.This research had the objective of evaluating the efficiency of the "carnaúba" wax in post-harvest of persimmon fruits (Diospyros kaki, cv. Giombo. The treatments were the rapid immersion of fruits into solutions containing 12.5, 25 and 50 % of the commercial product Meghwax ECF 100®, being a 30 % non ionic emulsion of carnaúba wax. After drying, fruits were stored at 4 ºC and 80 % RH. Chemical and physical characteristics of the fruits were measured throughout sixty days, at fifteen day intervals, followed by a 4-day period at 20 ºC simulating commercialization periods. The pulp firmness, pH, soluble solids, titratable acidity, water loss, tannins and ascorbic acid contents were evaluated. The use of carnaúba wax, regardless of

  15. Diospyros kaki Extract Inhibits Alkali Burn-Induced Corneal Neovascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Sung Jae; Jo, Hyoung; Kim, Kyung-A; Ahn, Hong Ryul; Kang, Suk Woo; Jung, Sang Hoon

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ethanol extract of Diospyros kaki (EEDK) leaves on corneal neovascularization (CoNV) in rats. One week after the alkali burns in the corneas, the CoNV area coverage in the CoNV-positive control group, 100 mg/kg EEDK group, and 200 mg/kg EEDK group was 43.3% ± 5.5%, 337.7% ± 2.5%, and 27.2% ± 4.3%, respectively. The areas of CoNV in the EEDK-treated groups were significantly different from those of the CoNV group. EEDK significantly attenuated the upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, interleukin-6, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) protein levels. Orally administrated D. kaki inhibited CoNV development in rats.

  16. In vitro propagation of persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordani, Edgardo; Naval, Mar; Benelli, Carla

    2013-01-01

    Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) is a temperate fruit tree species diffused in all continents. The traditional propagation method adopted by the nursery industry is based on budding/grafting scion cultivars on seedlings from D. kaki, Diospyros lotus, and Diospyros virginiana, the most important species used as rootstock, reproduced by seeds since they are not easy to root. Furthermore, most of nonastringent cultivars of persimmon are not compatible with D. lotus, a rootstock largely utilized because of its hardiness and frost resistance. The main in vitro tissue culture techniques, developed for persimmon, deal with direct regeneration (from dormant buds and root tips), and indirect regeneration through callus from dormant buds, apexes, and leaves. The bottlenecks of micropropagation are (1) the recalcitrance of many cultivars to in vitro establishment, (2) the low multiplication ratio of D. kaki compared to other fruit tree species, (3) the very low rooting ability of ex novo microcuttings both from direct and indirect regeneration, (4) the high sensitivity to transplant from in vitro to in vivo conditions. The development of reliable in vitro regeneration procedures is likely to play a key role for production of both clonal rootstocks and self-rooted cultivars. The general protocol for micropropagation of persimmon reported here is based on the establishment of winter dormant buds in vitro, shoot development, multiplication and elongation, and shoot rooting, using cytokinins (BA or zeatin) in a MS media along with an auxinic pretreatment for rooting induction.

  17. Accelerated solvent extraction of carotenoids from: Tunisian Kaki (Diospyros kaki L.), peach (Prunus persica L.) and apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaghdoudi, Khalil; Pontvianne, Steve; Framboisier, Xavier; Achard, Mathilde; Kudaibergenova, Rabiga; Ayadi-Trabelsi, Malika; Kalthoum-Cherif, Jamila; Vanderesse, Régis; Frochot, Céline; Guiavarc'h, Yann

    2015-10-01

    Extraction of carotenoids from biological matrices and quantifications remains a difficult task. Accelerated solvent extraction was used as an efficient extraction process for carotenoids extraction from three fruits cultivated in Tunisia: kaki (Diospyros kaki L.), peach (Prunus persica L.) and apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.). Based on a design of experiment (DoE) approach, and using a binary solvent consisting of methanol and tetrahydrofuran, we could identify the best extraction conditions as being 40°C, 20:80 (v:v) methanol/tetrahydrofuran and 5 min of extraction time. Surprisingly and likely due to the high extraction pressure used (103 bars), these conditions appeared to be the best ones both for extracting xanthophylls such as lutein, zeaxanthin or β-cryptoxanthin and carotenes such as β-carotene, which present quite different polarities. Twelve surface responses were generated for lutein, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin and β-carotene in kaki, peach and apricot. Further LC-MS analysis allowed comparisons in carotenoids profiles between the fruits. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Penggunaan Antibiotik Topikal sebagai Alternatif Terapi Ulkus Kaki Diabetik

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    Gratcia Ayundini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfeksi mikroba pada ulkus kaki diabetik dapat menghambat proses penyembuhan sehingga dibutuhkan intervensi antibiotik untuk menyembuhkan infeksi, menyembuhkan ulkus dan menurunkan angka amputasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan pilihan rute pemberian antibiotik yang tepat serta efektif sebagai tatalaksana ulkus kaki diabetes.Metode pencarian melalui Pubmed pada tanggal 30 Mei 2011 menggunakan kata kunci terkait. Pemilihan dengan kriteria RCT dan full text. Telaah kritis didasarkan kriteria standar untuk intervensi. Didapatkan hasil bahwa kesembuhan secara klinis adalah 87% untuk kelompok yang menggunakan pexiganan topikal dan 90% untuk kelompok ofloksasin oral. Hasil eradikasi mikrobiologisnya 42-47% untuk kedua kelompok. Komplikasi atau perburukan pada pasien dengan pexiganan topikal 8,13% dan ofloksasin oral 5,51%. Didapatkan juga peningkatan pola resistensi kuman yang bermakna secara klinis (p<0.001 pada pasien dengan terapi ofloksasin oral namun tidak pada terapi pexiganan topikal. Disimpulkan bahwa terapi antimikroba topikal tunggal dapat dipilih sebagai terapi alternatifuntuk mengatasi infeksi ulkus kaki diabetik yang ringan. Terapi antimikroba oral masih lebih efektif karena kemungkinan terjadinya perburukan dan komplikasi ulkus lebih kecil, walaupun terdapat juga risiko resistensi kuman pada penggunaannya.Kata Kunci:  ulkus kaki diabetik, infeksi, ofloksasin, pexigananAbstractMicrobial infection in diabetic foot ulcer can interfere healing process. Antibiotic intervention was used to cure the infection, heal the ulcer and decrease amputation rate. This study was aimed to seek the best route of giving antibiotic therapy in patients with diabetic foot ulcer. The method used was conducting article searching through Pubmed on Mei 30  2011. The criteria of articles were RCT and full text articles. Critical appraisal was based on standard criteria for intervention. The result showed that clinical recovery of the foot ulcer

  19. Sikap dan Perilaku Komunitas Warga mengenai Maraknya Pedagang Kaki Lima

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    Neni Yulianita

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Streetmerchant, famously known in Indonesia as Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL raise some problems for the city every year. The city government has tried to locate them in some areas, the amount of PKL has never decreased. From the year of 1997 to 2000, the amount of PKL has increased 56.3%/year. It means, from around 3.000 PKL in 1997, the amount of PKL has hit a number of 16.880 due to the worsening of economic conditions. This research aimed to study problems concerning PKL and interactions among PKL, city government, and community itself. It is found that opinions of community members toward PKL are varying: some feels uncomfortable, another think that it’s not their problems, on the other hand, people admit that they need PKL to supply materials for them.

  20. DAMPAK SOSIAL EKONOMI PENATAAN LINGKUNGAN BAGI PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA (PKL

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    Abdul Bakhirnudin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Pedagang kaki lima identik dengan kesan buruk, kotor dan tidak tertib. Penempatan sarana perda­gangan yang tidak teratur dan tidak tertata serta sering menempati tempat yang menjadi tempat umum dianggap sebagai penyebab kondisi tersebut. Tingginya minat konsumsi masyarakat menyebabkan pedagang kaki lima menjadi semakin banyak, terutama masyarakat kelas bawah. Melalui Perda Nomor 11 Tahun 2000, Pemerintah Kota Semarang sudah berusaha menata PKL. Namun pada kenyataannya belum ditemukan solusi yang komprehensif untuk mengatasi permasalahan PKL. Populasi penelitian ini adalah PKL Perumnas Tlogosari Kota Semarang berjumlah 173 pedagang. Sampel yang digunakan berjumlah 100 orang sebagian besar berasal dari luar kawasan Perumnas Tlogosari. Model PKL di PerumTlogosari mengunakan Pola Penyebaran Memanjang (Linier Concentration. Hasil penelitian menunjuk­kan bahwa sebelum ada penataan tidak ada paguyuban. Namun setelah penataan terdapat sebuah paguyuban pedagang dan jasa (PPJ, dalam bentuk arisan. Dampak sosial selain paguyuban adalah agenda rutin arisan, serta peraturan lainnya sehingga meninimalkan konflik yang timbul. Dari sisi ekonomi, sebagian besar pedagang mengalami peningkatan pendapatan yang diperoleh per bulan. Oleh karena itu, untuk menjaga keberlanjutan dari dampak positif yang timbul, diharapkan PKL mampu menjaga dan melaksanakan aturan yang telah disepakati bersama, sekaligus melakukan inovasi-inovasi agar barang yang dijual lebih bervariatif untuk memperoleh keuntungan berkesinambungan.Street vendors usually have bad impression because they are dirty and disorderly. It is because they are disorganized and they often occupy public places. The high interest of consumers, especially from the lower class has made more and more street vendors. By issuing Perda of 2000 No. 11, the local government of Semarang has tried to organize them. However, it is not a comprehensive solution to overcome the problems of street vendors. The population of

  1. KARAKTERISTIK EDIBLE FILM YANG DIPRODUKSI DARI KOMBINASI GELATIN KULIT KAKI AYAM DAN SOY PROTEIN ISOLATE

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    Muhamad Hasdar

    2012-09-01

    SDS-PAGE dan menunjukkan sebagai molekul kolagen. Hasil analisis kandungan asam amino edible film menggunakan HPLC dihasilkan komposisi residu asam amino terbesar adalah glysin yaitu 29,42%, 37,88%, 38,32%, 39,28% dan 39,17% pada masing-masing perlakuan. Hal itu menggambarkan bahwa profil protein edible film dapat dipastikan sebagian besar berasal dari kolagen gelatin. Pengamatan dengan scaning electron microscope menunjukkan telah terbentuk cross linking antara molekul protein gelatin dan molekul soy protein isolate dan yang ditunjukan semakin berkurangnya retakan seiring dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi gelatin. Perbedaan kombinasi gelatin kulit kaki ayam dan soy protein isolate untuk membentuk edible film tidak memberikan pengaruh nyata pada kekuatan tarik (tensile strenght, dan kemuluran (elongation, namun berpengaruh nyata pada laju transmisi uap air (Water Vapour Transmision Rate. Kombinasi 95:5 protein gelatin kulit kaki ayam dan soy protein isolate menghasilkan edible film yang terbaik. (Kata kunci: Edible film, Gelatin kaki ayam, Soy protein isolate

  2. FUNGSI DAN PERAN JALUR PEDESTRIAN BAGI PEJALAN KAKI Sebuah Studi Banding Terhadap Fungsi Pedestrian

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    Lily Mauliani

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK. Jalur pedestrian pada sebuah kota adalah bagian yang sangat penting, baik sebagai kelengkapan (amenity kota maupun sebagai tempat orang berjalan kaki dengan aman dan nyaman. Namun untuk kota Jakarta, dan mungkin juga kota-kota lainnya di Indonesia, pedestrian seringkali mengalami perubahan fungsi tidak hanya sekedar sebagai jalur pejalan kaki namun juga bisa menjadi jalur kendaraan bermotor, area berjualan para pedagang kaki lima yang bersifat mobile, tetapi bisa juga menjadi “ruko” alias rumah toko. Permasalahannya adalah bagaimana nasib para pejalan kaki, dimana mereka dapat berjalan kaki dengan aman, tanpa takut tertabrak pengendara sepeda motor, tersenggol bajay, mikrolet atau mobil pribadi? Pembahasan tentang pedestrian ini dilakukan dengan cara mengamati dan membandingkan antara pedestrian yang ada di Jakarta dan di Singapura, dilihat dari segi fungsi dan penataannya.   Kata kunci : pedestrian, fungsi, pejalan kaki   ABSTRACT. Pedestrian path within the city has been regarded as an important element, either as a city amenity which contribute an aesthetic of city space or as a space for people or pedestrian to walk safely and comfort. Jakarta as one of a big city in Indonesia, has many pedestrian paths within it, but there are many pedestrian paths which have been changed in function. The pedestrian paths are not as a space for people to walk but have been accommodated as motorcycle lines as well as mobile shop or shop-house which has been known as RUKO or rumah toko. The main problem is how people could walk safely and comfort. This discussion of pedestrian paths will be explored in this paper by comparing the function and the design as well as the plan of pedestrian paths in Jakarta and Singapore.   Keywords : pedestrian path, function, pedestrian.

  3. Consumer evaluation of persimmon (Diospyros kaki) varieties for a chip-style product (abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asian persimmons (Diospyros kaki) are grown across the state of California, but the availability of this fruit outside the growing area and harvest season is limited. A dried, chip-style product would extend the geographic area and timeframe in which persimmon growers could sell their fruit. Persi...

  4. Relationship of European Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) Cultivars to Asian Cultivars, Characterized Using AFLPs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sixty one persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) selections, including 17 Italian, 11 Spanish, 13 Japanese, six Korean, five Chinese, one Israeli, and eight of unknown origin, were evaluated for genetic differences by AFLP analysis. Relationships among cultivars were evaluated by UPGMA clustering, Neigh...

  5. Controle da maturação de caqui 'Fuyu' com aplicação de aminoetoxivinilglicina e 1-metilciclopropeno

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    Auri Brackmann

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O armazenamento de caquis é uma ferramenta importante na manutenção da qualidade e no prolongamento da oferta do fruto após a colheita. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de AVG em pré-colheita, e do 1-MCP, em pré e pós-armazenamento, sobre a manutenção da qualidade pós-colheita e seu efeito na incidência de distúrbios em caquis 'Fuyu' armazenados em atmosfera controlada a -0,5 ºC e transferidos a condição de ambiente (20 ºC por 6 dias. Os tratamentos foram: [1] controle; [2] aplicação de AVG (123 g ha-1; [3] aplicação de 1-MCP (1,0 µL L-1 em pré-armazenamento; [4] aplicação de AVG e 1-MCP em pré-armazenamento; [5] aplicação de 1-MCP em pós-armazenamento; [6] aplicação de AVG e 1-MCP em pós-armazenamento. Os frutos foram avaliados quanto à qualidade na ocasião da colheita, visando à caracterização do lote e, após quatro meses de armazenamento a -0,5 ºC e mais seis dias a 20 ºC, quanto à firmeza da polpa, pH, coloração da casca, índices de amaciamento e de escurecimento, teores de sólidos solúveis e de acidez titulável, respiração, produção de etileno, além da atividade da enzima ACC oxidase. Os resultados indicaram que a aplicação de 1-MCP em pré ou em pós-armazenamento foi eficiente em conter o amaciamento da polpa de caquis 'Fuyu' previamente armazenados em atmosfera controlada a -0,5 ºC e mantidos a 20 ºC por seis dias. Todavia, o uso deste fitorregulador em pré-armazenamento ocasionou maior escurecimento da epiderme. O uso de AVG em pré-colheita não retardou a maturação de caquis 'Fuyu' armazenados na mesma condição.

  6. PENATAAN TERHADAP PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA UNTUK MEMBERIKAN PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM DAN PENINGKATAN TARAF HIDUP PEDAGANG (STUDI KASUS DI KAWASAN MANAHAN SOLO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NURVITASARI NURVITASARI

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui untuk mengetahui bentuk peraturan yang mengatur mengenai perlindungan terhadap usaha kecil pedagang kaki lima, untuk mengetahui proses relokasi suatu kawasan usaha yang baik, agar tidak terjadi konflik sosial, serta untuk mengetahui upaya apa yang dilakukan oleh Pemerintah Kota Surakarta agar relokasi yang dilakukan mampu meningkatkan taraf hidup pedagang kaki lima. Metode pendekatan yang penulis pakai adalah pendekatan yuridis empiris. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan penulis dalam penelitian ini adalah menggunakan jenis penelitian deskriptif. Lokasi penelitian di Dinas Pengelolaan Pasar Kota Surakarta, UPTD Prasarana Olaraga, Dinas Pendidikan Pemuda Dan Olaraga Kota Surakarta, serta Paguyuban Pedagang Kaki Lima di Stadion Manahan Solo. Menggunakan sumber data primer dan data sekunder. Metode  pengumpulan  data  dalam  penelitian  ini menggunakan teknik studi kepustakaan dan studi lapangan dengan cara wawancara dengan narasumber yang dianggap mengetahui duduk permasalahan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dan pembahasan maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa Pemerintah Kota Surakarta dalam upaya meningkatkan dan memberdayakan pedagang kaki lima dengan cara merelokasi dan menyediakan tempat yang baru yang dianggap lebih strategis, serta berupaya memberdayakan pedagang kaki lima dengan meningkatkan kualitas sumber daya manusia, memberikan bantuan modal pedagang kaki lima, serta pendampingan dan pengembangan usaha.

  7. Frutificação alternada em caqui cultivar Pomelo (IAC 6-22 Alternate bearing in persimmon - cv. Pomelo

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    Mário Ojima

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available O cultivar Pomelo (IAC 6-22, mercê de sua bela aparência, elevada produtividade, facilidade de destanização e maturação precoce dos frutos, vem-se constituindo num dos principais híbridos de caquis taninosos lançados pelo Instituto Agronômico ao plantio comercial. No entanto, em lotes experimentais, tem-se constatado com freqüência irregularidade de frutificação, isto é, a presença de plantas pouco produtivas, ao lado de outras com grandes produções. A fim de estudar as causas dessas frutificações irregulares e, ao mesmo tempo, verificar a possibilidade de selecionar clones superiores desse cultivar, efetuou-se o controle da produção individual de 54 plantas, no período 1971-80, em um lote instalado em 1961, no Centro Experimental de Campinas (SP. Quarenta e oito das plantas controladas apresentaram produções marcantemente alternantes, embora a alternância das produções altas e baixas nem sempre ocorresse concomitantemente. Enquanto um grupo de plantas mostrava produções altas, outro, no mesmo ano, apresentava baixa frutificação, verificando-se comportamento inverso no ano seguinte. Apenas seis plantas não acompanharam a mesma tendência, constatando-se, no entanto, que nelas a alternância de produção ocorria dentro de uma mesma planta, porém em ramos distintos. Não foi possível, portanto, selecionar qualquer planta capaz de proporcionar altas produções sem alternância, em condições naturais. Observou-se, entretanto, em um experimento preliminar, que o desbaste precoce dos frutos, efetuado em plantas bem carregadas, além do aumento do peso dos caquis remanescentes, teve um efeito notável na quebra do hábito de frutificação alternante, proporcionando alta produção no ano agrícola subseqüente. Os resultados obtidos indicam que a alternância de produção, característica do caqui 'Pomelo', pode ser controlada, por meio da poda drástica de ramos no inverno e do desbaste precoce dos frutos em

  8. Qualidade de caqui 'Rama forte' após armazenamento refrigerado, influenciada pelos tratamentos 1-MCP e/ou CO2

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    João Peterson Pereira Gardin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se os efeitos dos tratamentos com CO2 e 1-MCP (1-metilciclopropeno sobre a adstringência (índice de tanino, firmeza da polpa e distúrbios da epiderme em caqui 'Rama Forte'. Frutos foram tratados com 1-MCP por 24 h, logo após a colheita e/ou com alto CO2 (70% por 24 ou 48 h, um dia após a colheita ou após o armazenamento refrigerado (AR. Os caquis foram armazenados sob atmosfera modificada a 0 ºC, por 45 dias, e a seguir mantidos a 23 ºC, por 9 dias. Frutos-controle (não tratados com 1-MCP nem com CO2 amoleceram em três dias e perderam aproximadamente 50% da adstringência em 6 dias após o AR. A exposição ao CO2 acelerou a redução da adstringência. Esse efeito do CO2 foi menor em frutos tratados com 1-MCP, especialmente quando o CO2 foi aplicado após o AR, por apenas 24 h. O tratamento com 1-MCP inibiu o amolecimento e a redução da adstringência, especialmente nos frutos não tratados com CO2. O amolecimento de frutos tratados com 1-MCP foi maior quando a exposição ao CO2 ocorreu antes do AR. A combinação dos tratamentos com 1-MCP e alto CO2 reduziu a incidência de podridões e manchas translúcidas, mas não alterou o desenvolvimento de pintas pretas ('estrias'. Os resultados indicam que é possível induzir perda da adstringência sem excessiva perda da firmeza da polpa de caquis 'Rama Forte' após o AR pela associação dos tratamentos com 1-MCP logo após a colheita e alto CO2 após o AR.

  9. An overview of dermatological and cosmeceutical benefits of Diospyros kaki and its phytoconstituents

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    Muhammad Kashif

    Full Text Available Abstract Diospyros kaki L.f. belonging to family Ebenaceae, commonly known as persimmon is used as a medicinal plant in Chinese traditional medicine since many years for different ailments including cosmetics and dermatologic applications. Traditionally this plant is used to treat different skin conditions including pimples, skin eruptions and eczema. Present interest has been focused toward use of natural bioactive compounds in various curative and beautifying applications in dermatological and cosmeceutical disciplines. The objective of this article is to present cumulative data on potential use of D. kaki for its possible role in dermatologic and cosmetic applications. Scientific data has revealed an excellent position of D. kaki in both dermatology and cosmetic discipline making it a valuable choice in respective field. Active principles from different plant parts have shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, photo-protective, and anti-wrinkle effects with appreciable activities against tyrosinase, elastase, and collagenase enzymes. Promising antioxidant activity and skin whitening potential, augmented by reduction in sebum contents, and reduction in size and number of skin pores make it a suitable choice as cosmetic ingredient. Data has been summarized and presented on available molecular mechanism that can contribute toward phytoconstituents usage in cosmetics and dermatology mediated by different cellular pathways. Crude extracts and some of phytochemical obtained from this plant such as isoquercitrin and hyperin have better reported activities than well-known cosmetic ingredients viz., arbutin, kojic acid and hydroquinone with possibility of having no side effects. Photo protection against degenerative effects of UVA, UVB and gamma radiation can help skin to fight well against oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species. Further investigation need to be directed toward human subjects for evaluation of these reported activities

  10. EKSTRAKSI GELATIN DARI KAKI AYAM BROILER MELALUI BERBAGAI LARUTAN ASAM DAN BASA DENGAN VARIASI LAMA PERENDAMAN

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    Muhammad Rasyid Indrawan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Gelatin is a biopolymer that can be obtained from partially hydrolysis of collagen present in skin, bone, and connective tissues of animals This study used chicken Broiler feet as a source of collagen. This study was conducted to determine the effect of soaking treatment with solution of acid and base, and with variety of soaking time. The solution used is HCl, CH3COOH, and NaOH with different concentration. The process of soaking followed by extraction, filtration, and drying to obtain a sheet of gelatin. Gelatin was analyzed qualitatively with chemical reaction. The best results of yield can be obtained from various methods of soaking given by HCl 2% for 2 days, CH3COOH 2% for 3 days, and NaOH 2% for 1 day. Keywords : Gelatin, Chicken feet Broiler’s, Acid-treated, Alkali-treated ABSTRAK Gelatin merupakan biopolimer yang biasanya diperoleh dari hidrolisis parsial kolagen jaringan kulit, tulang, dan jaringan ikat hewan. Penelitian ini menggunakan kaki ayam broiler sebagai sumber kolagen. Penelitian dilakukan untuk melihat pengaruh perlakuan perendaman kaki ayam broiler melalui berbagai larutan asam dan basa dengan variasi lama perendaman. Larutan yang digunakan yaitu HCl, CH3COOH, dan NaOH dengan berbagai konsentrasi. Proses perendaman dilanjutkan dengan ekstraksi, filtrasi, dan pengeringan untuk mendapatkan lembaran gelatin. Gelatin yang diperoleh dianalisis secara kualitatif melalui reaksi kimia. Hasil rendemen terbaik dapat diperoleh dari berbagai metode perendaman yaitu HCl 2% selama 2 hari, CH3COOH 2% selama 3 hari, dan NaOH 2% selama 1 hari. Kata Kunci : Gelatin, Kaki ayam Broiler, Metode asam, Metode basa

  11. Uji Kualitas Mikrobiologis Minuman Teh Poci yang Dijual Pedagang Kaki Lima di Pasar Raya Padang

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    Genta Pradana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Minuman Teh Poci merupakan produk minuman yang berkembang pesat dan banyak dijual oleh pedagang kaki lima di Padang terutama di Pasar Raya kota Padang. Penjualan Teh Poci oleh pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Raya tidak mengikuti sistem franchise yang mempunyai standar kebersihan penyajian menyebabkan proses pembuatan Teh Pociyang  dijual di Pasar Raya tidak terjamin kebersihan penyajianya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji kualitas mikrobiologis  minuman Teh Poci yang dijual pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Raya Padang. Minuman yang diperiksa adalah minuman Teh Poci yang dijual di sepanjang jalan Pasar Raya dengan mengambil 13 sampel. Penelitian dilakukan dari bulan November 2011- September 2012 dengan menggunakan metode Most Probable Number (MPN yang terdiri dari tes penduga dan tes konfirmasi. Dari 13 sampel minuman yang diperiksa seluruh sampel tersebutmengandung bakteri Coliform. Faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi adalah kebersihan penjual minuman dalam menutup kemasan minuman, kurangnya higiene perseorangan, lokasi penjualan di tengah pasar, es batu yang tidak bersih, dan alat-alat yang digunakan. Kesimpulan penelitian ini ialah minuman Teh Poci yang dijual di Pasar Raya Padang tidak memenuhi standar kualitas mikrobiologis air minum yang sudah ditetapkan pada Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan tahun No. 492 tahun 2010.Kata kunci: pedagang kaki lima, teh Poci, higieneAbstract Teh Poci has become popular nowadays. There is a significant movement of Teh Poci street sellers in Padang especially in Pasar Raya Padang. Teh Poci street sellers in Pasar Raya do not buy the franchise system which has the appropriate standard for food serving. The Teh Poci stands are also located in the middle of traditional market which cause the serving to the society do not fulfill the sanitary standard.One of the indicators of water contamination is by measuring the amount of the coliform bacteria presents in water.  The objective of this study was to do

  12. Three new species of mealybug (Hemiptera, Coccomorpha, Pseudococcidae) on persimmon fruit trees (Diospyros kaki) in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco da Silva, Vitor C; Kaydan, Mehmet Bora; Germain, Jean-François; Malausa, Thibaut; Botton, Marcos

    2016-01-01

    Brazil has the greatest insect diversity in the world; however, little is known about its scale insect species (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha). Mealybugs (Pseudococcidae) have been found in at least 50% of persimmon orchards Diospyros kaki L. in the southern part of the country. In this study three new mealybug species on persimmon trees located in the Serra Gaúcha Region, RS, Brazil, namely, Anisococcus granarae Pacheco da Silva & Kaydan, sp. n., Ferrisia kaki Kaydan & Pacheco da Silva, sp. n. and Pseudococcus rosangelae Pacheco da Silva & Kaydan, sp. n. are described. In addition, an identification key for the genera occurring on fruit orchards and vineyards in Brazil is provided, together with illustrations and molecular data for the new species.

  13. ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF KESEMEK LEAVES (Diospyros kaki L.F) USING DPPH (2,2-DIPHENYL-1 PIKRYLHYDRAZINE) METHOD

    OpenAIRE

    Isnindar, Isnindar; Setyowati, Erna Prawita; Wahyuono, Subagus

    2015-01-01

    There are two groups of antioxidant resources, these are synthetic and natural antioxidants. The most important natural antioxidant is phenolic compounds that are produced naturally from plants. Phenolic Antioxidants are potent antiradical, biologically active as they are able to donate hydrogens to free radicals and break the chain of lipid oxidation reactions in the early stages. This study is aimed to search natural antioxidant compounds from the leaves persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.F) that ...

  14. Transferability of retrotransposon primers derived from Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) across other plant species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, X Y; Hu, Q N; Zhang, Q L; Wang, Y B; Luo, Z R

    2013-06-06

    Retrotransposon-based molecular markers are powerful molecular tools. However, these markers are not readily available due to the difficulty in obtaining species-specific retrotransposon primers. Although recent techniques enabling the rapid isolation of retrotransposon sequences have facilitated primer development, this process nonetheless remains time-consuming and costly. Therefore, research into the transferability of retrotransposon primers developed from one plant species onto others would be of great value. The present study investigated the transferability of retrotransposon primers derived from 'Luotian-tianshi' persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) across other fruit crops, as well as within the genus using inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism molecular marker. Fourteen of the 26 retrotransposon primers tested (53.85%) produced robust and reproducible amplification products across all fruit crops tested, indicating their applicability across plant species. Four of the 13 fruit crops showed the best transferability performances: persimmon, grape, citrus, and peach. Furthermore, similarity coefficients and UPGMA clustering indicated that these primers could further offer a potential tool for germplasm differentiation, parentage identification, genetic diversity assessment, classification, and phylogenetic studies across a variety of plant species. Transferability was further confirmed by examining published primers derived from Rosaceae, Gramineae, and Solanaceae. This study is one of the few currently available studies concerning the transferability of retrotransposon primers across plant species in general, and is the first successful study of the transferability of retrotransposon primers derived from persimmon. The primers presented here will help reduce costs for future retrotransposon primer development and therefore contribute to the popularization of retrotransposon molecular markers.

  15. Purification and characterisation of a novel chitinase from persimmon (Diospyros kaki) with antifungal activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianzhi; Kopparapu, Narasimha Kumar; Yan, Qiaojuan; Yang, Shaoqing; Jiang, Zhengqiang

    2013-06-01

    A novel chitinase from the persimmon fruit was isolated, purified and characterised in this report. The Diospyros kaki chitinase (DKC) was found to be a monomer with a molecular mass of 29 kDa. It exhibited optimal activity at pH 4.5 with broad pH stability from pH 4.0-9.0. It has an optimal temperature of 60°C and thermostable up to 60°C when incubated for 30 min. The internal peptide sequences of DKC showed similarity with other reported plant chitinases. It has the ability to hydrolyse colloidal chitin into chito-oligomers such as chitotriose, chitobiose and into its monomer N-acetylglucosamine. It can be used to degrade chitin waste into useful products such as chito-oligosacchaarides. DKC exhibited antifungal activity towards pathogenic fungus Trichoderma viride. Chitinases with antifungal property can be used as biocontrol agents replacing chemical fungicides. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Qualidade pós-colheita de caqui 'fuyu' com utilização de diferentes concentrações de cobertura comestível Postharvest quality of 'fuyu' persimmon using different concentrations of edible coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Carvalho da Silva

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ao aplicar cera em frutas, tem-se o objetivo de criar uma película de proteção com a função de reduzir a perda de massa por evaporação e transpiração, e ainda diminuir a possibilidade de contaminação dos frutos por agentes causadores de podridão, melhorando assim o aspecto visual do produto. Dessa forma, é possível aumentar o tempo de conservação, diminuindo consequentemente os prejuízos por perdas na pós-colheita. O caqui é uma fruta muito apreciada, com alto potencial de exportação, porém sensível ao manuseio e armazenamento. Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, avaliar o efeito da aplicação da cera comestível Megh Wax ECF-124 (18% de ativos, composta por emulsão de cera de carnaúba, tensoativo aniônico, preservante e água, produzida por Megh Indústria e Comércio Ltda em três diferentes concentrações (25, 50 e 100%, na qualidade pós-colheita do caqui 'Fuyu' armazenado por 14 dias. Os atributos avaliados para qualidade foram: firmeza, pH, acidez titulável, sólidos solúveis, perda de massa e coloração. Os resultados demonstraram que a aplicação da cera nas diferentes concentrações foi efetiva, principalmente na conservação da massa do caqui cv. Fuyu e manutenção da coloração externa. A aplicação de cera não causou diferenças significativas nas propriedades químicas avaliadas. O tratamento na concentração de 25% apresentou menor índice de descarte durante armazenamento, todavia maiores concentrações demonstraram menores valores de perda de massa. Aplicação de cera de carnaúba em caqui apresenta um grande potencial de uso para melhoria na conservação pós-colheita, podendo ser aplicado juntamente com outras tecnologias, auxiliando na manutenção da qualidade para exportação.One of the main objectives of applying edible coatings on fruits surface is to create a protective film to reduce weight loss due to evaporation and transpiration and also to decrease the risk of fruit rot caused by

  17. EFEKTIFITAS RENDAM KAKI MENGGUNAKAN AIR HANGAT TERHADAP PENURUNAN TEKANAN DARAH PADA LANSIA DIWILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SIMPANG TIGA KOTA PEKANBARU TAHUN 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    yessi harnani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Hipertensi adalah penyakit kelainan jantung dan pembuluh darah yang ditandai dengan peningkatan tekanan darah. Peningkatan tekanan darah yang tidak ditangani akan menyebabkan komplikasi seperti stroke dan gagal jantung. Rendam kaki air hangat merupakan salah satu terapi komlementer yang bisa menurunkan tekanan darah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas rendam kaki menggunakan air hangat terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada lansia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pre Eksperimental pretest dan posttest desaign. Sampel adalah lansia penderita hiperetnsi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Simpang Tiga kota Pekanbaru. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan Purposive Sampling. Teknik pengambilan data dengan cara observasi menggunakan Thermometer Air. Analisis data menggunakan uji wilcoxon Test. Hasil pengkajian sebelum dilakukan terapi sebagian besar lansia mengalami hipertensi stadium II. Hasil uji statistic didapatkan bahwa nilai P value sistol yaitu 0,000 (< 0,05 dan P value diastol yaitu 0,000 (<0,05 sehingga Ho ditolak. Terapi rendam kaki menggunakan air hangat efektif terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada lansia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Simpang Tiga Kota Pekanbaru. Diharapkan kepada lansia untuk selalu mengontrol tekanan darah, jika terjadi peningkatan tekanan darah dapat menggunakan terapi rendam kaki air hangat dalam mengatasi hipertensi yang dialami, sebagai bentuk terapi komplementer yang murah dan mudah dilakukan secara mandiri

  18. Dyospiros kaki phenolics inhibit colitis and colon cancer cell proliferation, but not gelatinase activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Direito, Rosa; Lima, Ana; Rocha, João; Ferreira, Ricardo Boavida; Mota, Joana; Rebelo, Patrícia; Fernandes, Adelaide; Pinto, Rui; Alves, Paula; Bronze, Rosário; Sepodes, Bruno; Figueira, Maria-Eduardo

    2017-08-01

    Polyphenols from persimmon (Diospyros kaki) have demonstrated radical-scavenging and antiinflammatory activities; however, little is known about the effects of persimmon phenolics on inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and colorectal cancer (CRC). Therefore, we aimed in this work to characterize the antiinflammatory and antiproliferative effects of a persimmon phenolic extract (80% acetone in water), using an in vivo model of experimental colitis and a model of cancer cell invasion. Our results show, for the first time, a beneficial effect of a persimmon phenolic extract in the attenuation of experimental colitis and a potential antiproliferative effect on cultured colon cancer cells. Administration of persimmon phenolic extract to mice with TNBS-induced colitis led to a reduction in several functional and histological markers of colon inflammation, namely: attenuation of colon length decrease, reduction of the extent of visible injury (ulcer formation), decrease in diarrhea severity, reduced mortality rate, reduction of mucosal hemorrhage and reduction of general histological features of colon inflammation. In vitro studies also showed that persimmon phenolic extract successfully impaired cell proliferation and invasion in HT-29 cells. Further investigation showed a decreased expression of COX-2 and iNOS in the colonic tissue of colitis mice, two important mediators of intestinal inflammation, but there was no inhibition of the gelatinase MMP-9 and MMP-2 activities. Given the role of inflammatory processes in the progression of CRC and the important link between inflammation and cancer, our results highlight the potential of persimmon polyphenols as a pharmacological tool in the treatment of patients with IBD. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Characterization and comparison of EST-SSR and TRAP markers for genetic analysis of the Japanese persimmon Diospyros kaki.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, C; Zhang, F; Zhang, Q L; Guo, D Y; Luo, Z R

    2013-01-09

    We developed and characterized expressed sequence tags (ESTs)-simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and targeted region amplified polymorphism (TRAP) markers to examine genetic relationships in the persimmon genus Diospyros gene pool. In total, we characterized 14 EST-SSR primer pairs and 36 TRAP primer combinations, which were amplified across 20 germplasms of 4 species in the genus Diospyros. We used various genetic parameters, including effective multiplex ratio (EMR), diversity index (DI), and marker index (MI), to test the utility of these markers. TRAP markers gave higher EMR (24.85) but lower DI (0.33), compared to EST-SSRs (EMR = 3.65, DI = 0.34). TRAP gave a very high MI (8.08), which was about 8 times than the MI of EST-SSR (1.25). These markers were utilized for phylogenetic inference of 20 genotypes of Diospyros kaki Thunb. and allied species, with a result that all kaki genotypes clustered closely and 3 allied species formed an independent group. These markers could be further exploited for large-scale genetic relationship inference.

  20. Fruit quality of ‘Jiro’ japanese persimmon fruits bagged with different types of packings/ Qualidade de frutos de caqui ‘Jiro’ ensacados com diferentes embalagens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Larissa May de Mio

    2007-10-01

    pomar foi realizado de forma orgânica. Os tratamentos foram: saco plástico microperfurado, saco de papel pardo, saco de papel manteiga, saco de jornal e testemunha sem ensacamento. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso com cinco repetições, sendo cada planta considerada um bloco. Cada parcela foi composta de 20 frutos. O ensacamento foi realizado após a queda fisiológica dos frutos jovens, procurando-se distribuir os tipos de sacos aleatoriamente dentro de cada planta. A avaliação foi realizada após 77 dias do ensacamento, verificando-se o número de frutos colhidos por parcela, massa dos frutos, diâmetro dos frutos, número de frutos em cada categoria de maturação, número de frutos infectados por sujeira-de-mosca (Schyzothyrium pomi e teor de sólidos solúveis. Houve diferença entre os tratamentos apenas na incidência de sujeira-de-mosca e na porcentagem de coloração dos frutos. O ensacamento de caqui com sacos de jornal ou papel pardo reduziu a incidência do fungo S. pomi e a coloração da epiderme dos frutos. O tamanho e teor de sólidos solúveis não foram influenciados pelo ensacamento.

  1. Data in support of antioxidant activities of the non-extractable fraction of dried persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoko Matsumura

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This data article is related to the research article entitled, “Antioxidant potential in non-extractable fraction of dried persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.” (Matsumura et al., 2016 [1]. We investigated antioxidant activities of the non-extractable fraction of dried persimmon fruits in vitro and in vivo. We evaluated both extracted fraction and non-extractable fraction, and reported that non-extractable fraction may possess significantly antioxidant potential in vivo on the basis of the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC. We showed our experimental raw data about antioxidant capacity of dried persimmon, plasma triglycerides (TG and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C, and this data article might contribute to evaluate real antioxidant capacity of other fruits and vegetables. Keywords: Persimmon, Antioxidant activity, Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC, Model of the gastrointestinal tract

  2. Quitosana no controle pós-colheita da podridão mole em caqui 'rama forte' Chitosan on the postharvest control of soft rot in 'rama forte' persimmon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Cia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho objetivou avaliar o efeito da quitosana, aliada ao processo de destanização, no controle de Rhizopus stolonifer em caqui 'Rama Forte' e sobre o crescimento micelial do fungo in vitro. Caquis foram submetidos ao processo de destanização com CO2 (70% / 18 horas, em tambores herméticos, sendo em seguida submetidos à inoculação com suspensão de esporos de R. stolonifer (3x10(5 esporos mL-1. Após inoculação, os frutos permaneceram por 2 horas a 25 °C, quando foram imersos em quitosana (0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 e 2,0%, por 1 minuto. Os frutos foram mantidos a 25 °C / 80% UR e avaliados quanto à severidade e incidência da podridão mole, durante cinco dias. Após o período de armazenamento, avaliaram-se a coloração de casca, a firmeza e o índice de adstringência. In vitro, avaliou-se o crescimento micelial em placas contendo meio BDA incorporado com quitosana ou ácido cítrico. Os resultados mostraram que a quitosana, a 1,5%, reduz a severidade e a incidência da podridão mole em caquis e não influencia no processo de perda de adstringência, firmeza e na coloração de casca. In vitro, a quitosana inibe completamente o crescimento micelial de R. stolonifer, em concentração tão baixa quanto 0,5%.The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of chitosan in addition to de-astringency process on the control of Rhizopus stolonifer in 'Rama Forte' persimmon and on in vitro mycelial growth. Persimmon were submitted to de-astringency process using CO2 (70% / 18 h, in hermetic chambers. Next, fruit were inoculated through subcuticular injections of a R. stolonifer spore suspension (3x10(5 spore mL-1 and 2 hours later at 25 °C immersed into chitosan (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0%, for 1 min. Fruit were stored at 25 °C / 80% RH, and checked for rot severity and incidence of soft rot, during 5-days of storage. After storage the skin color, firmness and astringency index were evaluated in persimmons. In vitro, mycelial

  3. Topical application of a cleanser containing extracts of Diospyros kaki folium, Polygonum cuspidatum and Castanea crenata var. dulcis reduces skin oil content and pore size in human skin

    OpenAIRE

    LEE, BO MI; AN, SUNGKWAN; KIM, SOO-YEON; HAN, HYUN JOO; JEONG, YU-JIN; LEE, KYOUNG-ROK; ROH, NAM KYUNG; AHN, KYU JOONG; AN, IN-SOOK; CHA, HWA JUN

    2015-01-01

    The effects of skin pores on skin topographic features can be reduced by decreasing excessive production and accumulation of sebum and elimination of comedones. Therefore, a cosmetic cleanser that regulates sebum homeostasis is required. In the present study, the effects of a cosmetic cleanser that contained Diospyros kaki folium, Polygonum cuspidatum and Castanea crenata var. dulcis (DPC) was examined on the removal of sebum and on skin pore size. Healthy volunteers (n=23) aged 20–50 years w...

  4. Protective Effect of Diospyros kaki against Glucose-Oxygen-Serum Deprivation-Induced PC12 Cells Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Forouzanfar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ischemic cerebrovascular disease is one of the most common causes of death in the world. Recent interests have been focused on natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents as potentially useful neuroprotective agents. Diospyros kaki (persimmon has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antineoplastic effects. However, its effects on ischemic damage have not been evaluated. Here, we used an in vitro model of cerebral ischemia and studied the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of peel (PeHE and fruit pulp (PuHE of persimmon on cell viability and markers of oxidative damage mainly intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS induced by glucose-oxygen-serum deprivation (GOSD in PC12 cells. GOSD for 6 h produced significant cell death which was accompanied by increased levels of ROS. Pretreatment with different concentrations of PeHE and PuHE (0–500 μg/mL for 2 and 24 h markedly restored these changes only at high concentrations. However, no significant differences were seen in the protection against ischemic insult between different extracts and the time of exposure. The experimental results suggest that persimmon protects the PC12 cells from GOSD-induced injury via antioxidant mechanisms. Our findings might raise the possibility of potential therapeutic application of persimmon for managing cerebral ischemic and other neurodegenerative disorders.

  5. Bio-photonic detection method for morphological analysis of anthracnose disease and physiological disorders of Diospyros kaki

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijesinghe, Ruchire Eranga; Lee, Seung-Yeol; Ravichandran, Naresh Kumar; Shirazi, Muhammad Faizan; Moon, Byungin; Jung, Hee-Young; Jeon, Mansik; Kim, Jeehyun

    2017-04-01

    The pathological and physiological defects in various types of fruits lead to large amounts of economical waste. It is well recognized that internal fruit defects due to pathological infections and physiological disorders can be effectively visualized at an initial stage of the disease using a well-known bio-photonic detection method called optical coherence tomography (OCT). This work investigates the use of OCT for identifying the morphological variations of anthracnose (bitter rot) disease infected and physiologically disordered Diospyros kaki (Asian Persimmon) fruits. An experiment was conducted using fruit samples that were carefully selected from persimmon orchards. Depth-resolved images with a high axial resolution were acquired using 850-nm-based spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) system. The obtained exemplary high-resolution two-dimensional and volumetric three-dimensional images revealed complementary morphological differences between healthy and defected samples. Moreover, the obtained depth-profile analysis results confirmed the disappearance of the healthy cell layers among the healthy-infected boundary regions. Thus, the proposed method has the potential to increase the diagnostic accuracy of the OCT technique used in agricultural plantations.

  6. Characterization of a novel yeast species Metschnikowia persimmonesis KCTC 12991BP (KIOM G15050 type strain) isolated from a medicinal plant, Korean persimmon calyx (Diospyros kaki Thumb)

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Young Min; Choi, Ji Eun; Komakech, Richard; Park, Jeong Hwan; Kim, Dae Wook; Cho, Kye Man; Kang, Seung Mi; Choi, Sang Haeng; Song, Kun Chul; Ryu, Chung Min; Lee, Keun Chul; Lee, Jung-Sook

    2017-01-01

    The yeast strain Metschnikowia persimmonesis Kang and Choi et al., sp. nov. [type strain KIOM_G15050 = Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC) 12991BP] was isolated from the stalk of native persimmon cultivars (Diospyros kaki Thumb) obtained from different regions of South Korea and was characterized phenotypically, genetically, and physiologically. The isolate grew between 4 and 40 °C (optimum temperature: 24–28 °C), pH 3–8 (pH optimum = 6.0), and in 0–4% NaCl solution (with optimal growt...

  7. The leaves of Diospyros kaki exert beneficial effects on a benzalkonium chloride-induced murine dry eye model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyung-A; Hyun, Lee Chung; Jung, Sang Hoon; Yang, Sung Jae

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the beneficial effects of the oral administration of ethanol extract of Diospyros kaki (EEDK) were tested on a mouse dry eye model induced by benzalkonium chloride (BAC). A solution of 0.2% BAC was administered topically to mouse eyes for 14 days, twice daily, to induce dry eye. Various concentrations of EEDK were administrated daily by oral gavage for 14 days after BAC treatment. Preservative-free eye drops were instilled in the positive-control group. The tear secretion volume (Schirmer's test), tear break-up time (BUT), and fluorescein score were measured on the ocular surface. BAC-induced corneal damage was tested with hematoxylin-eosin staining. Moreover, apoptotic cell death in the corneal epithelial layer was investigated with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining. The protein expression level of interleukin-1alpha (IL-1α), IL-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-α), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) was determined with western blot analysis. Furthermore, squamous metaplasia in the corneal epithelial layer was detected with immunofluorescent staining for cytokeratine-10. The cellular proliferation in the cornea was examined with immunohistochemical staining for Ki-67. EEDK treatment resulted in prolonged BUT, decreased fluorescein score, increased tear volume, and smoother epithelial cells compared with BAC treatment alone in the cornea. Moreover, EEDK treatment inhibited the inflammatory response and corneal epithelial cell death in a BAC-induced murine dry eye model, and changes in squamous cells were inhibited. Proliferative activity in the corneal epithelium cells was improved with EEDK. EEDK could be a potential therapeutic agent in the clinical treatment of dry eye.

  8. Effects of phospholipid complexes of total flavonoids from Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) leaves on experimental atherosclerosis rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Kexia; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Meiyu; Gu, Liqiang; Liu, Ziying; Jia, Jingming; Chen, Xiaohui

    2016-09-15

    The total flavonoids from Persimmon leaves (PLF), extracted from the leaves of Diospyros kaki L. Dispryosl and Ebenaceae, is reported to possess many beneficial health effects. However, the oral bioavailability of PLF is relatively low due to its poor solubility. In the present study, the phospholipid complexes of total flavonoids from Persimmon leaves (PLF-PC) was prepared to enhance the oral bioavailability of PLF and to evaluate its antiatherosclerotic properties in atherosclerosis rats in comparison to PLF. A HPLC-MS method was developed and validated for the determination of quercetin and kaempferol in rats plasma to assess the oral bioavailability of PLF-PC. The effect of PLF (50mg/kg/d) and PLF-PC (equivalent to PLF 50mg/kg/d) on atherosclerosis rats induced by excessive administration of vitamin D (600,000IU/kg) and cholesterol (0.5g/kg/d) was assessed after orally administered for 4 weeks. The relative bioavailabilities of quercetin and kaempferol in PLF-PC relative to PLF were 242% and 337%, respectively. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) in serum were measured by an automatic biochemistry analyzer. The morphological changes of aorta were observed with optical microscopy. According to the levels of biochemical parameters in serum and the morphological changes of aorta, PLF-PC showed better therapeutic efficacy compared to PLF. Thus, PLF-PC holds a promising potential for increasing the oral bioavailability of PLF. Moreover, PLF-PC exerts better therapeutic potential in the treatment of atherosclerotic disease than PLF. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Characterization of a novel yeast species Metschnikowia persimmonesis KCTC 12991BP (KIOM G15050 type strain) isolated from a medicinal plant, Korean persimmon calyx (Diospyros kaki Thumb).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Young Min; Choi, Ji Eun; Komakech, Richard; Park, Jeong Hwan; Kim, Dae Wook; Cho, Kye Man; Kang, Seung Mi; Choi, Sang Haeng; Song, Kun Chul; Ryu, Chung Min; Lee, Keun Chul; Lee, Jung-Sook

    2017-11-10

    The yeast strain Metschnikowia persimmonesis Kang and Choi et al., sp. nov. [type strain KIOM_G15050 = Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC) 12991BP] was isolated from the stalk of native persimmon cultivars (Diospyros kaki Thumb) obtained from different regions of South Korea and was characterized phenotypically, genetically, and physiologically. The isolate grew between 4 and 40 °C (optimum temperature: 24-28 °C), pH 3-8 (pH optimum = 6.0), and in 0-4% NaCl solution (with optimal growth in absence of NaCl). It also exhibited strong antibiotic and antimicrobial activities. Morphologically, cells were characterized by the presence of long, needle-shaped ascospores. Based on 18S ribosomal DNA gene sequence analysis, the new species was found to belong to the genus Metschnikowia as a sister clade of Metschnikowia fructicola. We therefore conclude that this yeast isolate from D. kaki is a new member of the genus Metschnikowia and propose the name M. persimmonesis sp. nov. This strain has been deposited in the KCTC for future reference. This discovery provides a basis for future research on M. persimmonesis sp. nov., including its possible contribution to the medicinal properties of the host persimmon plant.

  10. Composição química de grãos de feijao-guandu cultivar kaki Chemical composition of pigeon pea seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Feijão Teixeira

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas sementes de tegumento creme e alaranjado de feijão-guandu (Cajanus cajan (L. Milisp., oriundas do cultivar Kaki, quanto aos teores de proteína, extrato etéreo, açúcares solúveis e polissacarídeos. Os dois tipos de sementes apresentaram composição química similar. Os teores médios encontrados foram: proteína 23,11%, extrato etéreo 1,34%, açúcar solúvel 9,46% e polissacarídeos 16,77%. A fração protéica apresentou baixos níveis de aminoácidos sulfurados, isoleucina, valina e treonina.Pigeon pea seeds, cv' Kaki either with light-yellow or orange testa pigments were analysed for protein, ether extract, total sugar and polysaccharides. Similar results were obtained for the two types of seeds. On the average the seeds had the following contents: protein - 23.11%; ether extract - 1.34%; total sugar - 9.46%; polysaccharides - 16.77%. The protein fraction had low levels of sulfured aminoacids, isoleucine, valine and threonine.

  11. Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Pendapatan Penduduk Pendatang Asal Luar Bali Sebagai Pedagang Kaki Lima di Kota Denpasar

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    I Gede Made Yudi Antara

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sektor informal di perkotaan memicu pertumbuhan tenaga kerja yang tinggi. Keberadaan Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL dalam sektor informal telah mendominasi sektor lapangan pekerjaan di wilayah Kota Denpasar. Hal ini didorong oleh kurangnya pendapatan dan potensi keuntungan yang akan diperoleh di Kota Wisata Bali. Penelitian menggunakan metode quota sampling sebanyak 100 orang PKL secara purposif dengan pertimbangan yaitu jumlah penduduk terbesar, lokasi pusat perdagangan dan bisnis, dan keterjangkauan lokasi penelitian.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian PKL berusia 20-40 tahun dengan proporsi 75% adalah laki-laki. Sebanyak 73% PKL telah tinggal di Denpasar selama kurang lebih 10 tahun. PKL yang datang ke Bali sebelumnya juga bekerja sebagai pedagang dengan pendidikan terakhir SMP/SMA. Rata-rata pendapatan bersih PKL sebesar Rp5.527.272,73,- per bulan telah layak diatas UMR tahun 2015 yaitu sebesar Rp 1.800.000,-. Kawasan wisata mempunyai pendapatan paling besar dibandingkan kawasan perdagangan dan bisnis. Umur, tingkat pendidikan, curahan jam kerja, lama usaha, modal, dan lokasi usaha mempunyai pengaruh positif terhadap pendapatan dengan nilai R2 hasil regresi linier ganda sebesar 0,667.   ABSTRACT The informal sector in urban areas cause the growth of high labor. The existence of street vendors (PKL in the informal sector has been dominated sector jobs in Denpasar region. It is driven by a lack of income and the potential benefits will be gained in tourism city of Bali. The study is using quota sampling of 100 people, purposively with consideration that populous center of trade and business location, and affordability study sites. The results shows that most vendors aged 20-40 years with proportion 75% were male. As many as 73% of PKL has lived in Denpasar for more than 10 years. Street vendors who come to Bali previously worked as a trader with the latest education junior high / high school. The average net income amounted Rp5

  12. Avaliação nutricional e sensorial de caqui cv Fuyu submetido à desidratação osmótica e secagem por convecção Nutritional and sensory evaluation of osmo-convective dried Fuyu persimmons

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    Nathalia de Felice Elias

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A crescente preocupação com a saúde humana tem promovido o aumento da demanda pelo consumo de frutas, tanto in natura como processadas. Neste trabalho, foram realizadas as avaliações nutricional e sensorial de caqui Fuyu submetido à desidratação osmótica e secagem por convecção. Cilindros de caqui com diâmetro de 15 mm e altura de 40 mm foram imersos por 2 horas em solução com concentração de sacarose de 0,47 g.mL-1, a 40 ºC, utilizando-se relação fruta/xarope de 1:10 e grau de agitação de 60 min-1. A redução do teor de água até 17% b.u. foi realizada a 60 ºC, empregando-se velocidade do ar de 1,25 m/s. Após a secagem, foram realizadas as seguintes análises físico-químicas: acidez, pH, ºBrix, carboidratos, proteínas, lipídios, vitamina C, cinzas, fibras insolúveis e análise sensorial. Os resultados mostraram incremento em todas as características físico-químicas avaliadas para o caqui desidratado em comparaç��o ao caqui in natura. A análise sensorial evidenciou que o produto obteve elevado índice de aceitação, correspondendo ao segundo e terceiro níveis da escala hedônica (gostei muito e gostei regularmente. A característica que influenciou predominantemente a aceitação do produto foi a textura (88%, seguida do sabor (84%. A aparência foi o atributo que menos influenciou a aceitação (80%.The increasing trend towards a healthier lifestyle has prompted a renewed interest in fruit consumption, either fresh or dried. The objectives of the present work were to assess the nutritional quality and conduct consumer sensory evaluation testing of osmo-convective dried Fuyu persimmons. Persimmon cylinders of 15 mm diameter and 40 mm length were partially dehydrated by impregnation soaking, at 40 ºC, in a 0.47 g.mL-1 sucrose solution, with a fruit to syrup ratio of 1:10. Samples were dehydrated in a shaker under a constant agitation level, 60 min-1 for 2 hours. The water content of the product was

  13. Conservação da qualidade de caqui 'Fuyu' em ambiente refrigerado pela combinação de 1-MCP e atmosfera modificada Quality maintenance of 'Fuyu' persimmon in cold storage by combining 1-MCP and modified atmosphere

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    Luiz Carlos Argenta

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo analisou os efeitos do inibidor da ação do etileno 1-MCP (1-metilciclopropeno, da AM (atmosfera modificada e do oxidante de etileno KMnO4 (permanganato de potássio sobre a qualidade de caqui 'Fuyu' após a armazenagem refrigerada. Os fatores 1-MCP, AM e KMnO4 foram combinados de quatro maneiras, correspondendo aos seguintes tratamentos: T1 Controle + AM + KMnO4;T2 1-MCP + AM + KMnO4; T3 1-MCP + AM, e T4 1-MCP + AA (AA=atmosfera do ar. Frutos maduro-firmes com coloração da casca predominantemente amarela foram colhidos em sete pomares comerciais no nordeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Parte dos frutos foi exposta a 0.3 µL L-1 de 1-MCP por 12 h em 24 h após a colheita. A seguir, os frutos foram armazenados sob AA ou sob AM induzida por bolsas de polietileno (0,04 mm de espessura, por 20; 40; 60 ou 80 dias a -0,1±0,8ºC. Dois sachês contendo 8,5 g de Alumina-KMnO4foram adicionados em cada uma das bolsas de polietileno dos tratamentos um e dois, antes de elas serem vedadas. Os frutos de cada período de armazenagem refrigerada foram analisados após 0; 3; 6 ou 9 dias de prateleira sob AA a 22±1ºC. O tratamento 1-MCP retardou o amolecimento da polpa, mas não afetou consistentemente o desenvolvimento de 'estrias' e manchas pretas na superfície dos frutos armazenados sob AM contendo KMnO4. A incidência de 'estrias' e manchas pretas em frutos tratados com 1-MCP e armazenados sob AM foi significativamente menor que a de frutos tratados com 1-MCP e armazenados sob AA. Houve efeitos aditivos do 1-MCP e AM na conservação da firmeza e na redução de danos por frio manifestados pela formação de textura gel-firme e manchas translúcidas na casca. O uso de KMnO4 não aumentou a conservação da qualidade dos frutos quando tratados com 1-MCP e armazenados sob AM. O desenvolvimento dos distúrbios da epiderme dependeu do pomar e de períodos de armazenagem e prateleira. No entanto, os benefícios da combinação de 1-MCP e

  14. Aplicação de 1-MCP em caqui 'quioto' armazenado sob refrigeração e atmosfera controlada Effect of 1-MCP applied at different times during cold and Ca storage

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    Auri Brackmann

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi de avaliar o efeito do 1-MCP aplicado em diferentes épocas durante o armazenamento refrigerado (AR e em atmosfera controlada (AC sobre a qualidade do caqui cv. Quioto. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, com quatro repetições de 30 frutos, e os tratamentos foram os seguintes: armazenamento refrigerado (AR; armazenamento refrigerado(AR + 1-MCP (1000ppb no início do armazenamento; armazenamento refrigerado(AR +1-MCP (1000ppb no final do armazenamento; armazenamento em atmosfera controlada (AC com 1kPa de O2 e AC 5kPa de CO2 e AC com 1kPa de O2 e 5kPa de CO2 + 1-MCP no fim do armazenamento, após 2 meses de armazenamento a -0,5ºC mais 5 dias de exposição dos frutos a 10ºC e 3 dias a 20ºC. No armazenamento refrigerado, o 1-MCP, aplicado tanto no início do armazenamento como no final, proporcionou maior firmeza de polpa. Para os parâmetros: sólidos solúveis totais, podridão e escurecimento da película, não houve diferença estatística entre os tratamentos. Conclui-se que a aplicação de 1-MCP, tanto no início como no final do armazenamento mantém elevada a firmeza de polpa.The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of 1-MCP applied at different period during the cold storage (CS and in controlled atmosphere (CA on the quality of 'Quioto'. Persimmon. The experimental design was completely randomized with four replications of 30 fruits and the tested treatments were: cold storage (CS, cold storage + 1-MCP (1000ppb in the beginning of the storage, cold storage + 1-MCP (1000ppb in the end of the storage period; storage in controlled atmosphere (CA with 1kPa of O2 and 5kPa of CO2 and 1kPa of O2 and 5kPa of CO2 + 1-MCP in the end of the storage, after 2 months of storage at -0.5ºC, plus 5 days at 10ºC and 3 days at 20ºC. In the cooled storage, the 1-MCP, applied as in the beginning of the storage as in the end of the storage, provided greater pulp firmness

  15. Elaboração e caracterização de doce cremoso de caqui com adição de sementes da araucária

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    Aline Balbinotti Bolzan

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumo A inovação é um dos pilares para o alcance do desenvolvimento sustentável e, para a inserção de um novo produto alimentício no mercado, abordagens que englobem pesquisas em ciência e tecnologia se fazem necessárias. Visando propor uma alternativa para o uso do pinhão e o aproveitamento de frutos de clima temperado, cultivados no Estado do Paraná, foi elaborado um doce cremoso de caqui, substituindo-se parcialmente a polpa por diferentes concentrações de pinhão nas formulações (0, 5 e 10%. Foram realizadas análises de sólidos solúveis, atividade de água, pH, acidez total titulável, teor de umidade, cinzas, cor e textura, além da caracterização microbiológica dos produtos. Atendendo aos padrões de identidade e qualidade quanto às características físicas, químicas e microbiológicas, a inserção de sementes de pinhão e a consequente redução no teor de polpa promoveram, do ponto de vista tecnológico, o desenvolvimento adequado deste produto inovador. Os valores da atividade de água, a concentração de açúcares e a baixa acidez observados no produto tornaram o ambiente desfavorável ao desenvolvimento de micro-organismos, condições estas associadas às boas práticas de fabricação. A alteração na formulação padrão influenciou na análise instrumental do perfil de textura, devido à presença de amido da semente de pinhão. Os parâmetros de cor apresentaram resultados de baixa luminosidade, o que reporta a produtos pouco translúcidos, o que é característico de alimentos de alto teor de açúcares, concentrados por evaporação. No espaço de cor notou-se a expressão da cromaticidade a* e b*, que apontam para a predominância das cores amarelo e vermelho, característicos do fruto de origem. As investigações abordadas revelam a aplicabilidade tecnológica do pinhão, contribuindo para a agregação de valor através da diversificação de produtos e mostrando-se como uma alternativa para

  16. Anticancer activity of calyx of Diospyros kaki Thunb. through downregulation of cyclin D1 via inducing proteasomal degradation and transcriptional inhibition in human colorectal cancer cells.

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    Park, Su Bin; Park, Gwang Hun; Song, Hun Min; Son, Ho-Jun; Um, Yurry; Kim, Hyun-Seok; Jeong, Jin Boo

    2017-09-05

    Although it has been reported to contain high polyphenols, the pharmacological studies of the calyx of Diospyros kaki Thunb (DKC) have not been elucidated in detail. In this study, we elucidated anti-cancer activity and potential molecular mechanism of DKC against human colorectal cancer cells. Anti-cell proliferative effect of 70% ethanol extracts from the calyx of Diospyros kaki (DKC-E70) was evaluated by MTT assay. The effect of DKC-E70 on the expression of cyclin D1 in the protein and mRNA level was evaluated by Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively. DKC-E70 suppressed the proliferation of human colorectal cancer cell lines such as HCT116, SW480, LoVo and HT-29. Although DKC-E70 decreased cyclin D1 expression in protein and mRNA level, decreased level of cyclin D1 protein by DKC-E70 occurred at the earlier time than that of cyclin D1 mRNA, which indicates that DKC-E70-mediated downregulation of cyclin D1 protein may be a consequence of the induction of degradation and transcriptional inhibition of cyclin D1. In cyclin D1 degradation, we found that cyclin D1 downregulation by DKC-E70 was attenuated in presence of MG132. In addition, DKC-E70 phosphorylated threonine-286 (T286) of cyclin D1 and T286A abolished cyclin D1 downregulation by DKC-E70. We also observed that DKC-E70-mediated T286 phosphorylation and subsequent cyclin D1 degradation was blocked in presence of the inhibitors of ERK1/2, p38 or GSK3β. In cyclin D1 transcriptional inhibition, DKC-E70 inhibited the expression of β-catenin and TCF4, and β-catenin/TCF-dependent luciferase activity. Our results suggest that DKC-E70 may downregulate cyclin D1 as one of the potential anti-cancer targets through cyclin D1 degradation by T286 phosphorylation dependent on ERK1/2, p38 or GSK3β, and cyclin D1 transcriptional inhibition through Wnt signaling. From these findings, DKC-E70 has potential to be a candidate for the development of chemoprevention or therapeutic agents for human colorectal cancer.

  17. Topical application of a cleanser containing extracts of Diospyros kaki folium, Polygonum cuspidatum and Castanea crenata var. dulcis reduces skin oil content and pore size in human skin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Bo Mi; An, Sungkwan; Kim, Soo-Yeon; Han, Hyun Joo; Jeong, Yu-Jin; Lee, Kyoung-Rok; Roh, Nam Kyung; Ahn, Kyu Joong; An, In-Sook; Cha, Hwa Jun

    2015-05-01

    The effects of skin pores on skin topographic features can be reduced by decreasing excessive production and accumulation of sebum and elimination of comedones. Therefore, a cosmetic cleanser that regulates sebum homeostasis is required. In the present study, the effects of a cosmetic cleanser that contained Diospyros kaki folium, Polygonum cuspidatum and Castanea crenata var. dulcis (DPC) was examined on the removal of sebum and on skin pore size. Healthy volunteers (n=23) aged 20-50 years were asked to apply the test materials to the face. Skin oil content, pore size, pore number and extracted sebum surface area were measured using various measurement methods. All the measurements were performed at pre- and post-application of the test materials. When the cosmetic cleanser containing DPC was applied to the skin, the oil content decreased by 77.3%, from 6.19 to 1.40. The number of skin pores decreased by 24.83%, from 125.39 to 94.23. Skin pore size decreased from 0.07 to 0.02 µm 3 (71.43% decrease). The amount of extracted sebum increased by 335% when the DPC cleanser was used. Compared to the control cleanser, skin oil content was significantly decreased when the cleanser that contained DPC was used. The cleanser containing DPC also decreased pore size and number. Finally, the DPC cleanser easily removed solidified sebum from the skin.

  18. Decontamination effects of bark washing with a high-pressure washer on Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] and Japanese Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) contaminated with radiocaesium during dormancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sato, Mamoru; Abe, Kazuhiro; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi; Ohtsuki, Tsutomu; Takata, Daisuke; Tanoi, Keitaro; Muramatsu, Yasuyuki

    2015-01-01

    The effect of bark washing with a high-pressure washer on deciduous trees contaminated during dormancy by radiocaesium fallout derived from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident was examined using peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] and Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.). Eighteen-year-old peach trees ('Akatsuki') were bark-washed twice with a high-pressure washer on July 5 and 27, 2011. Seven-year-old peach trees ('Kawanakajima Hakuto') were bark-washed on January 24, 2012, and thirty-year-old Japanese persimmon trees ('Hachiya') were bark-washed on December 21, 2011. For the peach trees, most of the bark was not removed by washing with a high-pressure washer. In contrast, the rough bark of Japanese persimmon was removed completely. No significant differences in the 137 Cs concentration of 'Akatsuki' fruit were found between the treatments conducted in the summer of 2011. Upon the bark washing of peach 'Akatsuki' trees in summer, the possibility of secondary contamination of leaves via the leachate containing 137 Cs was likely. The 137 Cs concentrations in fruits and leaves of peach 'Kawanakajima Hakuto' collected in summer 2012 were decreased significantly by washing treatment conducted in winter 2011–2012. In the year after treatment, the 137 Cs concentrations in fruits and leaves of Japanese persimmon were significantly decreased by the treatment. The effect of the bark washing on decreasing 137 Cs contents in fruits and leaves was greater in Japanese persimmon than in peach. The results for 'Kawanakajima Hakuto' and 'Hachiya' demonstrated the possibility of additive contamination. (author)

  19. Boron and calcium sprayed on 'Fuyu' persimmon tree prevent skin cracks, groove and browning of fruit during cold storage Boro e cálcio pulverizado em árvores de caqui "Fuyu" previnem fissuras, estrias e escurecimento do fruto durante o armazenamento refrigerado

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    Valdecir Carlos Ferri

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Flesh softening, skin browning and rotting are chief problems during cold storage (CS of 'Fuyu' Persimmon. We studied the effects of boron (B and calcium (Ca sprayed on the trees during three consecutive years, on the development of skin cracks, grooves and browning in persimmon fruit under CS in Farroupilha, RS, Brazil (29°31' south, 51°21' west, about 750 m altitude. A homogeneous orchard area of 0.5 ha was delimitated and three sets of five plants for each treatment were randomly selected. The persimmon trees were sprayed at a 20 day interval, from 15th January until harvest, for three consecutive years, with: T1 water; T2 calcium nitrate at 0.5% (m/v; T3 calcium chloride at 0.5% (m/v; and T4 boron at 0.3% (m/v. The fruit were harvest with orange-reddish colour; 18-20°Brix, pulp firmness of 45 to 60N, and kept under CS at 0±1°C for 45 days. The fruits were evaluated immediately before CS, after six hours at 23±2°C after removal from CS, and after four days at 23±2°C after removal from CS. Equally boron and calcium sprayed on the trees prevented skin cracks, skin grooves and skin browning. Besides, when boron was sprayed on the trees, the mentioned effects were additive in the following year.As principais alterações indesejáveis observadas no período pós-colheita de caquis em armazenamento refrigerado (AR são a perda de firmeza de polpa, e a ocorrência de escurecimento epidérmico e de podridões. Este trabalho teve por objetivo principal estudar as respostas da aplicação de boro (B e cálcio (Ca, em três safras sucessivas, na prevenção da ocorrência de fissuras, estrias e escurecimento epidérmico de caquis "Fuyu". No pomar (Farroupilha-RS-Brasil, 29°31' Sul, 51°21' Oeste, aproximadamente 750m altitude delimitou-se uma área homogênea de 0,5ha., marcando-se, ao acaso, três repetições de cinco plantas para cada tratamento: T1 - controle, caquizeiros não-pulverizados com B e Ca; T2 - pulverizações com Nitrato de

  20. Strategi Bertahan Hidup Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL

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    Muhammad Hayat

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian development policy which tends to focus on the growth model has implied on the high concentration of city development. Cities, in fact, fially become spaces where city dwellers and city new comers tightly complete each other to grab the available capital. The qualifid new comers who possess good competence are able to survive in the city. Those people will be able to enjoy the delicious economic cakes which are abundantly scattered. However, the incompetent new comers may only taste the remnants of the economic cake. That is the most rational choice for the incompetent. According to Max Weber, this phenomenon shows an instrumental social action. It means that the measurement ofprofi and loss has been the most important part of their actions. Indeed, most of the new comers do not have special competence. They only depend on their physical strength in order to survive. In Karl Marx’s terminology, an individual who does not possess an ability to control the production factors (for example: natural resources, human resources, capital will only depend on their body (physical strength in order to survive. Therefore the informal sectors become the most rational choice. Hence street vendors, construction workers, parking attendants and other informal jobs have been the common views in the cities. This paper is trying to portray one of the informal sectors in the cities namely street vendors. Their survival strategy in the competitive city life is a point of view which is being explained and focused in this paper.

  1. Makna Keuntungan Bagi Pedagang Kaki Lima (Studi pada Pedagang Kaki Lima di Bangsri Jepara

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    Ahmad Ubaidillah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research’s goal is to understand the meaning of profit which is seen from cadger’s side. Cadger profession become focus because their relation directly  between cadger, money, and society. Cadger profession, society and "money" is an endless circle. They related to the various circle of life. With Intensionalism Hermeneutic, researchers trying to interpret and explore the meaning of the words in the text or informant of what the language or what is thought by informants. This research concludes that there are three meanings of profit for cadger profession. The first meaning is material profit in the form of deposits or  savings that used to cover personal necessity. The second meaning is spiritual profit  will be seen from the street cadger’s to keep attention to the command of God to all His commandments. And the third meaning is inner satisfaction profit when can make others happy, even as street vendors still have the opportunity to share.  These are the three meanings of “profit” found in this research, which was viewed from the cadger’s side.

  2. Permasalahan Lokasi Pedagang Kaki Lima dalam Ruang Perkotaan

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    Retno Widjajanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Urban development is inseparable from the problem of the urban informal. The informal sector is a sector that will always grow and thrive. Various issues that arise in urban development is the problem of the location of the activity space street vendors (PKL in the urban space. The problem of space activity occurs in the informal street vendors space settlements or urban space. PKL is one of the supporters of the activity in a public space that can be categorized as an 'activity support'. These activities tend to be located in a place according to its activity. Meanwhile, there is little discussion of urban street vendors in view space. Until now, the discussion is more to the economic, social and policy. In addition, many of the types of activities studied, space requirements, physical arrangement and the arrangement of the display / architectural aesthetics. The methodology used in conducting the study concerns the location of street vendors in the urban space using the method of literature revie. Given this method, can identify deficiencies / weaknesses of the informal sector theory and the theory of space to determine the location of street vendors in urban spaces. The conclusion of this research is to study the behavior of PKL space that affect the determination of the location of trade.Abstract : Urban development is inseparable from the problem of the urban informal. The informal sector is a sector that will always grow and thrive. Various issues that arise in urban development is the problem of the location of the activity space street vendors (PKL in the urban space. The problem of space activity occurs in the informal street vendors space settlements or urban space. PKL is one of the supporters of the activity in a public space that can be categorized as an 'activity support'. These activities tend to be located in a place according to its activity. Meanwhile, there is little discussion of urban street vendors in view space. Until now, the discussion is more to the economic, social and policy. In addition, many of the types of activities studied, space requirements, physical arrangement and the arrangement of the display / architectural aesthetics. The methodology used in conducting the study concerns the location of street vendors in the urban space using the method of literature revie. Given this method, can identify deficiencies / weaknesses of the informal sector theory and the theory of space to determine the location of street vendors in urban spaces. The conclusion of this research is to study the behavior of PKL space that affect the determination of the location of trade.

  3. PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA (PKL) SEBAGAI BIBIT ENTREPRENEUR DALAM MENGATASI PENGANGGURAN

    OpenAIRE

    Bagyo Handoko

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACTStreet Trader in general is consisted of one and or some labours. This thing at the same time can lessen unemployment to remember its absorbent labour. Having beginning of business that is simple in fact they are entrepreneurs seeds that is later can implement its more business kondusif. Legal capital owned is relative smallness, and divided to fixed capital, in the form of equipments, and circulating capital. Very rare fund fulfilled from opening finance companies; usually gets fund ...

  4. PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA (PKL SEBAGAI BIBIT ENTREPRENEUR DALAM MENGATASI PENGANGGURAN

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    Bagyo Handoko

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Street Trader in general is consisted of one and or some labours. This thing at the same time can lessen unemployment to remember its absorbent labour. Having beginning of business that is simple in fact they are entrepreneurs seeds that is later can implement its more business conducive. Legal capital owned is relative smallness, and divided to fixed capital, in the form of equipments, and circulating capital. Very rare fund fulfilled from opening finance companies; usually gets fund or loan from institute or individual of who without ceremony, or stems from supplier which supplayer its merchandise. The low of basic yield street trader and way of management of very simple mony; so possibility to perform very small capital investment and also business expansion. In general this street trader labor included in category which majority stays in main job activity age (prime-age. In enablenes street trader, each government city has different policy one another.

  5. Pembuatan lem sintetik dan aplikasinya pada alas kaki

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    Arum Yuniari

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Footwear can be categorized as one of labour intensive and very superior export commodities, consequently the product quality must be maintained and be continually improved. The quality parameter of footwear is determined by the bonding strength between the uppers and the soles, it means that it depends on the adhesive applied. Soling system is widely applied in small and medium industries are cemented system used synthetic adhesive. Now, the adhesive was applied in the manufacturing of foot wear supported by binding of the soles and the uppers is easy to peel off because of the poor bonding strength. The aim of the research was to investigate a suitable synthetic adhesive formula to used in footwear manufacturing. In preparing of the adhesive formula, the effect of phenolic resin addition as tackifier were varies i.e 35, 45 and 55 phr using chloroprene rubber as raw material were observed. Synthetic adhesive compound was produce by two roll mill after that compound were dissolved in toluene with ratio 1 : 3. The prepared adhesive then was applied to manufacture footwear using cool press system. The soles used in the experiment were made of rubber and plastic material whereas the uppers made of either leather or artificial leather. The test result and data analysis showed that adhesive performed for the highest bonding strength as much as 1000 g/cm and decrease to lowest bonding strength after soaking in to water for 500 seconds one percent was obtained by the following formula that were : chloroprene rubber 100 phr, butylated hydroxyl toluene 2 phr, magnesium oxide 4 phr, zinc oxide 5 phr and phenolic resin 45 phr. The prepared formula performed a better bonding strength when it was compared with chloroperene rubber adhesive in market. The application of this prepared formula in making ladies shoes performed good bonding strength and accordance with the requierments of SNI 12-2942-1992 about Leather Pantopel Style Cemented System Ladies Shoes.

  6. Analisis Pengaruh Bentuk Telapak Kaki Terhadap Kelelahan Fisik

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    Herianto Herianto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Physical activity over time can cause fatigue during exercise such as walking or light running. Physical fatigue effects on heart rate and blood pressure. Factors that can cause fatigue are gender, cardiovascular disease status, sport exercise habits, BMI (Body Mass Index and study activities during a week. Physical fatigue also could be caused by factors shape of your foot, especially the form of flat feet/pesplanus in type 1, 2or 3. Subjects of this research were students of Industrial Engineering Gadjah Mada University ages 19 to 23 years with the aim of sampling techniques to the criteria of having normal or flat feet. The subjects run normally using a tread mill with a speed of 4 miles per hour for 6 minutes. The variables measured were heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rate was measured in three sessions among others before, during and after the experiment using a heart rate monitor while blood pressure was measured before and after the experiment. There are significant differences in systolic blood pressure before and after the experimental on indicator of sex, heart rate after experimental on indicator of disease status and heart rate on indicator exercise habit for normal feet. Then in the form of pesplanus foot type 1, there are significant differences like systolic and diastolic blood pressure after experimental on indicator of BMI (Body Mass Index and systolic blood pressure on indicator of pre-experimental study activities during a week, in which a significant difference in respondents who did not have study activities of the respondents who went tocollegein6-10 hours. In the form of pesplanus foot type 2 there is a significant difference in heart rate when experimental on indicator of cardiovascular disease status.

  7. Bioecological aspects of Hypocala andremona (Cramer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae on persimmon cultivars = Aspectos bioecológicos de Hypocala andremona (Cramer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae em cultivares de caquizeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso Luiz Hohmann

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The biology of Hypocala andremona (Cramer on persimmon (Diospyrus kaki L. leaves of the cultivars Atago and Giombo was studied in laboratory (27 ± 1ºC, 65 ± 10% RH, 14 hours photo period and egg distribution on plants of the cultivar Giombo in a commercial orchard, during the 2001/2002 crop season, in Londrina, Paraná state. The developmental period of larvae fed on ‘Giombo’ was longer (17.8 . 0.17 days in comparison to that of larvae fed on ‘Atago’ (15.8 . 0.27 days. In contrast, the duration of the pupal stage of insects raised on ‘Giombo’ was lower (12.0 . 0.29 days than that of insects reared on ‘Atago’ (13.3 . 0.17 days. The viabilities of larvae were 60.8 and 38.8% for insects reared on ‘Giombo’ and on ‘Atago’, respectively. Pupal viability was similar (ca. 93% between treatments. The duration of the preoviposition and incubation periods of larvae fed on ‘Atago’ were 4.0 days and 2.1 days, respectively, the fecundity 524.7 eggs, egg viability 77% and adult longevity 12.9 days. No eggs were obtained when H. andremona larvae were reared on ‘Giombo’ in laboratory. Adults preferred to lay their eggs on leaveslocated at the top of the persimmon tree canopy.A biologia de Hypocala andremona (Cramer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae foi estudada em folhas das cultivares de caquizeiro (Diospyrus kakiL. Atago e Giombo em laboratório (27 ± 1ºC, 65 ± 10% UR, 14h fotofase e a distribuição de ovos em plantas da cultivar Giombo em pomar comercial, durante o período de 2001/2002, em Londrina, Estado do Paraná. O período de desenvolvimento das lagartas alimentadas com ‘Giombo’ foi maior (17,8 . 0,17 dias em relação às alimentadas com‘Atago’ (15,8 . 0,27 dias. Entretanto, a duração do estágio de pupa de insetos criados em ‘Giombo’ foi menor (12,0 . 0,29 dias do que as criadas em ‘Atago’ (13,3 . 0,17 dias. As viabilidades das lagartas foram 60,8 e 38,8% para insetos alimentados em ‘Giombo’ e

  8. A Long and Winding Road: Cross-Cultural Connections Between Brazil, Australia and Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Rocha

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available My first experiences of Japan were so early in life that they are hazy in my memory. My neighbours in São Paulo City, a sprawling megalopolis in Brazil, were Japanese migrants. I was seven or eight when I first saw their festivals and performance presentations from my parents’ bedroom window. I remember my awe at their colourful costumes, masks and music. On a daily basis I remember the pungent smell of the soy sauce they produced in a factory in their backyard. We also shopped at a small neighbourhood supermarket called Shinohara. We bought paper and sticks for our kites from a general store owned by another Japanese migrant. We would tell our mother that we were going to ride our bikes to the ‘Japonesa’ to get kite material. At home, caqui (Japanese kaki was my favourite fruit, but we also had all sorts of vegetables the Japanese migrants brought from Japan. We even called Japanese pumpkin by its Japanese name – kabocha.

  9. PENGARUH SENAM KAKI DIABETES TERHADAP TINGKAT SENSITIVITAS KAKI DAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS DI KELURAHAN BANYURADEN GAMPING SLEMAN

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    Dedi Rusandi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background:High blood glucose level will lead to macrovascular complication that will subsequently causesneuropathy.Onemanagement technique that canprevent neuropathy in lowerpart extremity is bypracticingdiabetic foot exercises which can improveblood circulation.Objective:To investigatethe effect of diabetic foot exerciseonthe level of foot sensitivity and blood glucoselevel in people with diabetes mellitus inBanyuraden Gamping Sleman. Methods:Thiswas aquasi-experimental researchwithpre-and post-test controlled groups. This researchwasconducted inBanyuraden Gamping Sleman with 32 subjects as samples, 16 subjects were in theintervention group and the rest were in the control group. Researcher used foot exercise procedureinstrument; cotton, brush, and needle to measure the foot sensitivity;andglucometer to test the bloodglucose level.Data were then analysed with independent sample t-test. Result: The result showed that there was significant difference in the foot sensitivity between theintervention andthe control groups, p=0.010 (p<0.05, while the blood glucose level difference showed p-value 0.039 (p<0.05.Conclusion:Diabetic foot exercisehad a significant effect onthe level of foot sensitivity and blood glucoselevel in peoplewith diabetes mellitus inBanyuraden Gamping Sleman.

  10. TINJAUAN PSIKOLOGI KESEHATAN PADA PENDERITA PENYAKIT KAKI GAJAH KRONIS DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG

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    Ambar Sulianti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Elephantiasis or Filariasis has been reported endemic in Kabupaten Bandung with potentially result in defects. This research aimed to explore health psychology of chronic Elephantiasis patients in Kabupaten Bandung. Qualitative-descriptive method has been used to explore the respondent’s psychodynamics, health behavior, and treatment seeking behavior, while quantitative-descriptive method has been used to determine the percentage distribution. The result showed that there were three kind of respondent’s psychodynamic namely denial (7.7%, anxiety (85%, and depression (7.7%. Due to the lack of knowledge about the disease, the majority of respondents (77% were hiding their disease.Type of treatment seeking behaviors has been chosen by respondent namely relying to the paranormal (92%, doctors (23%, traditional physician (54%, and acupuncturist (15%.

  11. Informasi dari Feses dan Jejak Kaki Rusa Sambar (Cervus unicolor serta Implikasinya pada Akurasi Penaksiran Populasi

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    Rachmat Budiwijaya Suba

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Information from Feces and Foot Tracks of Sambar Deer(Cervus unicolor, and Its Implication on PopulationEstimation This study aims to investigate Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor ecology from the encounter of pellet piles groups and tracks in the study area. This study was carried out in Swanslutung village, one of the villages in the Paser District, East Kalimantan, where the hunting pressure is still relatively high and local people still depend on hunting for bush-meat of Sambar Deer. Further discussion addresses to find accurate and reliable scheme of population etimate. Average density estimate for the study area, based on the groups of pellet piles count, was 3.01 + 0.17 individuals/km2. Tracks can give information about sex and age classes, some of essential parts to study population dynamic of Sambar Deer. Dispersion of pellet piles groups and tracks can be used in tracking to study home range and territories of the species.

  12. Pengaruh Rendam Air Hangat pada Kaki dalam Meningkatan Kuantitas Tidur Lansia

    OpenAIRE

    Khotimah

    2012-01-01

    Elderly has decreased in many body systems, including the impact on sleep disorders. Sleep disorders can affect the quality of life. Therapeutic feet soak in warm water in the blood vessels and improve microcirculation vasodilatation thereby increasing the quantity of sleep. Purpose of the study analyzed the effect of therapy on the foot soak in warm water increases the quantity of sleep in the elderly. Pre-experiment research design approach to One-Group Pre-Post-Test design. 20 elderly inso...

  13. Evaluation of some thin-layer drying models of persimmon slices (Diospyros kaki L.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doymaz, İbrahim

    2012-01-01

    Highlights: ► In this study, convective drying (50–70 °C) was applied as a preservation technology for persimmon slices. ► The highest drying and rehydration rates obtained with blanched slices. ► The Midilli et al., Page and Weibull models were determined as the suitable models. ► Effective moisture diffusivity, diffusivity constant and activation energy for drying process were determined. - Abstract: The effect of blanching and drying temperature (50, 60 and 70 °C) on drying kinetics and rehydration ratio of persimmons under hot-air drying was investigated. It was observed that both the drying temperature and blanching affected the drying time. The shortest drying times and highest rehydration ratios were obtained from blanched samples. Six thin-layer drying models were evaluated in the kinetics research. The fit quality of the proposed models was evaluated by using the determination of coefficient (R 2 ), reduced chi-square (χ 2 ) and root means square error (RMSE). The Midilli et al., Page and Weibull models showed a better fit to experimental drying data as compared to other models. Effective moisture diffusivity (D eff ) ranged from 7.05 × 10 −11 to 2.34 × 10 −10 m 2 /s calculated using the Fick’s second law. The activation energies of blanched and control samples determined from slope of the Arrhenius plot, ln(D eff ) versus 1/(T + 273.15), was 30.64 and 43.26 kJ/mol, respectively.

  14. Identifikasi Spesies Candida pada Kaki Pengunjung di Kolam Renang Selayang Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Hadi, T.Ficky Surya

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Skin diseases in Indonesia remains high. In 2010, the Ministry of Health of Indonesia report 247.179 cases of skin and subcutaneos tissues other. A skin disease caused species candida called candidiasis. A common purpose this study is to find indetification species candida on foot visitors in Selayang Pool Method: This study was carried out as descriptive study conducted in crosssectional method.Consecutive sampling technique was used and total of 30 person. Th...

  15. Pengaruh Entrepreneurial Marketing Dan Kebijakan Pemerintah Terhadap Daya Saing Industri Alas Kaki Di Bogor

    OpenAIRE

    Septiani, Stevia; Sarma, Ma'mun; Limbong, Wilson H

    2013-01-01

    Entrepreneurial marketing is the suitable approach in terms of resource constraints and problems that exist in small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Footwear industry is a sector of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) that is supported by the government of Bogor. Problems of development of footwear industry are divided into two main factors: the competence of SMEs and local government policy. Based on these problems, this study aims to (1) Identify the characteristics of entrepreneurs, busines...

  16. Peran Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja dalam Menertibkan Pedagang Kaki Lima Dikota Denpasar Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Loebaloe, Aldi Juliant; Pascarani, Ni Nyoman Dewi; Supriliyani, Ni Wayan

    2015-01-01

    Street vendors are jobs in informal sector whose presence become pros and cons in every city especially Denpasar. Street vendors sell their merchandise around public facilities which ultimately disturb public order. Civil Service Police Unit is one of the apparatures of the local government which have an important role in conducting the control of street vendors in the city of Denpasar. The study was to look at the role of the Civil Service Police Unit in controlling street vendors in the cit...

  17. Perilaku Jual Beli Di Kalangan Pedagang Kaki Lima Dalam Perspektif Etika Bisnis Islam

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    Darmawati Darmawati

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic business ethics teach people to have a good behavior and to avoid the bad ones. It is based on Islamic values. Islam has a role about the weights of goods. It has been written in Al-Qur’an and hadits. Islam suggests people do business in a right way; because Islam deals with productivity in trade. In trade, both the producers and the consumers will have benefits from the trade. A good purchace and sale activity involve an honesty; in the right or wrong way. In Islamic business law, the concept of muamalah is mubah, unless it is done based on Al-Qur’an and Sunnah, without coercion, benefits-based consideration, avoiding bad effects, and fair

  18. Hubungan Lama Menderita DM dengan Perilaku Perawatan Kaki secara Mandiri untuk Mencegah Ulkus Diabetikum

    OpenAIRE

    Apriliyasari, Renny Wulan

    2015-01-01

    Diabetes Mellitus (DM) atau yang biasa disebut kencing manis merupakan suatu kelompok penyakit metabolik dengan karakteristik gula darah melebihi nilai normal. Data dari Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pati jumlah penderita DM meningkat, dengan rata-rata pada 2 tahun 2008-2009 sebanyak 1950 orang. Hasil survey di RSUD RAA Soewondo Pati, penyakit diabetes mellitus menempati peringkat pertama penyakit rawat jalan 2013 dengan 3893 total kunjungan atau sebesar 4,83%. Salah satu hal penting pada pasien ...

  19. INCORPORACIÓN DE ACEITES ESENCIALES EN LA CONSERVACIÓN DEL CAQUI "ROJO BRILLANTE" Y MELÓN "PIEL DE SAPO" MÍNIMAMENTE PROCESADOS

    OpenAIRE

    ALMELA CAMAÑAS, CELIA

    2012-01-01

    Actualmente existe una tendencia creciente hacia el consumo de productos mínimamente procesados, debido a las necesidades actuales de la sociedad. En todo producto mínimamente procesado se persigue mantener las características nutricionales, sensoriales, organalépticas de las frutas, hortalizas y verduras enteras de las que se obtienen. A su vez, deben ser seguros a nivel microbiológico. No obstante, los productos mínimamente procesados presentan una vida útil corta que limita su comercializa...

  20. Analisis Laporan Keuangan Dalam Menilai Kinerja Perusahaan Pada Kelompok Industri Alas Kaki Yang Terdaftar Di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Yasmi Chadijah

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this research is to know whether the finance performance in footwear industry that licency in BEI has reached the safety situation or not yet. The writer restricted the evaluation of finance performance by using ten finance ratios. The finance ratios consist of Current Ratio, Quick Ratio, Debt to Equity Ratio, Inventory Turnover, Total Asset Turnover, Gross Profit Margin, Net Profit Margin, Return on Investment, Return on Equity, dan PER. The finance performance is evalua...

  1. Model Penanganan Relokasi Pedagang Kaki Lima : (Studi Kasus Relokasi PKL Citarum Ke Pasar Waru Di Kota Semarang)

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan, -; Rahman, Suwignyo

    2008-01-01

    The existence on street hawkers increase fastly in line with economic crisis and reformation. This situation need to be managed. The policy of street hawkers settlement in Semarang has been ruled in local or regional law. One of this policy implementation was Citarum street hawkers relocation from Citarum street to the Pasar Waru. This relocation has been done orderly, unlike another street hawkers relocation which oftentimes generate oposition between street hawkers and local government. The...

  2. PEMBINAAN PEDAGANG MAKANAN KAKI LIMA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HIGIENE DAN SANITASI PENGOLAHAN DAN PENYEDIAAN MAKANAN DI DESA PENATIH, DENPASAR TIMUR

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    I Nengah Sujaya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Generally street vendor has little knowledge on hygiene and sanitation of food handling. Usually they trade in a night market or on street sides. There are two markets in Penatih Village that operate night market. Both markets located in a strategic location thus they have many visitors every day. In these two markets there are some vendors that need to be counseled and assisted in order to improve their knowledge on hygiene and sanitation of food handling. The counseling and assistance was conducted every week from 25 September to 10 October 2009, with 10 vendors as target participants. The venues were located in Penatih Market and Agung Market, Penatih Village, East Denpasar. The activities were conducted in the form of counseling and assisting during trading hours towards the participants in regards of hygiene and sanitation of food handling. In order to evaluate and measure the knowledge improvement of the participants, pre test and post test were carried out. The result shows that, most of participants have less knowledge on food additives in terms of usage, types and risk of usage. The participants have good knowledge on usage of clean water for utensil and food washing as well as knowledge on personal hygiene. It is recommended to conduct a continuous and regular counseling to street vendors with the involvement of local primary health care (puskesmas.

  3. Effect of pre-treatment and extraction conditions on the antioxidant properties of persimmon (Diospyros kaki) leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Abul; Moon, Hey Kyung; Kim, Jong-Kuk

    2017-11-01

    Persimmon is a very delicious fruit and the leaves of this tree are used as a traditional drug. This study aimed to investigate the effects of drying method (hot air and freeze-drying), extraction temperature (80, 90 and 100 °C) and extraction time (10, 30, 60 and 120 min) and harvest stage (flowering and fruiting) on the antioxidant contents and antioxidant activity of persimmon leaves. The results showed that the highest antioxidants were obtained in both methods of drying. Also, 100 °C for 120 min of extraction gave the highest antioxidant contents, but with no significant difference compared to 90 °C for 60 min of extraction. Persimmon leaves collected during flowering stage had the maximum amount of antioxidants compared to the fruiting stage. Finally, it can be said that persimmon leaves harvested during flowering stage and treated by hot air drying with these extraction conditions (90 °C for 60 min) are richer in bioactive compounds.

  4. Air-jet sprayer and spray gun in the pesticide spray coverage of persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.f.) trees

    OpenAIRE

    Higashibara, Leandro Riyuiti; Dutra, Viviane; Saab, Otavio Jorge Grigoli Abi; Takahashi, Hideaki Wilson; Neves, Carmen Sílvia Vieira Janeiro

    2013-01-01

    A cultura do caquizeiro vem crescendo em importância no Brasil e, com o aumento do cultivo, tem havido também incremento dos problemas relacionados a doenças e pragas. A pulverização de agrotóxicos é o método mais utilizado na prevenção e no controle desses problemas e a principal forma de aplicação é a pulverização hidráulica com auxílio de fluxo de ar. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da variação da taxa de aplicação e do repasse na parte interna das plantas em pulverização co...

  5. Penyuluhan Program Literasi Informasi Kesehatan dalam Meningkatkan Kualitas Sanitasi bagi Masyarakat di Kaki Gunung Burangrang Kab. Bandung Barat

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    Ditha Prasanti

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The ability of the community to access information needs is still uneven among urban people and rural communities. The ability to access information is an open door that must be open to be able to process and understand information, especially in this case is health information. Sanitation is one component of environmental health, a deliberate behavior to civilize a clean life to prevent humans directly touched with dirt and other hazardous waste materials, in the hope of maintaining and improving human health. Therefore, the authors perform Community Service activities entitled "Health Information Literacy Program Counseling in Improving the Quality of Sanitation for the Community at the foot of Mount Burangrang Kab. Bandung Barat." Community Service Activities has a purpose to produce outcomes, namely: 1 Provide concrete knowledge and insight about health information literacy in improving the quality of sanitation for people in West Bandung regency; 2 Providing comprehensive knowledge and insight about health information literacy in improving the quality of sanitation for people in West Bandung Regency. Method of PKM implementation conducted in this extension activity is ice breaking method; Workshop methods, lectures, and action studies.     Keywords: Counseling, Literacy, Information, Health, Sanitation, West Bandung

  6. BEDA PENGARUH ARKUS KAKI TERHADAP KESEIMBANGAN STATIS ANAK USIA 9-12 TAHUN DI SD NEGERI MOJOLEGI, TERAS, BOYOLALI

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    M. Syafi’i

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan  normal foot dan flat foot terhadap keseimbangan statis pada anak usia 9-12 tahun. Sejumlah 60 subyek sehat, terbagi menjadi dua kelompok. Masing- masing kelompok 30 orang. Kelompok I adalah Kelompok dengan kondisi arkus normal dan kelompok II adalah kondisi arkus flat foot. Dilakukan di SD Negeri Mojolegi, Teras, Boyolali. Dengan menggunakan alat ukur Wet Test dan One Legged Stance Test. Penelitian ini merupakan non eksperimental cross sectional design. Masing-masing kelompok diuji normalitas data dengan Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test pada Kelompok I menujukkan nilai p>0,05 maka data berdistribusi normal dan Kelompok II menunjukkan nilai p>0,05 maka data berdistribusi normal. Pada kedua kelompok diuji hipotesis dengan Independent T Test dengan hasil p<0,05 maka terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kondisi arkus normal dan kondisi arkus flatfoot dalam mempertahankan keseimbangan statis. Berdasarkan  analisis  statistik penelitian yang telah dilakukan dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kondisi arkus normal dan kondisi arkus flatfoot dalam mempertahankan posisi keseimbangan statis.

  7. PENGARUH GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TRANSFORMASIONAL DAN KOMPENSASI TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN DENGAN MOTIVASI SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING (STUDI PADA INDUSTRI ALAS KAKI PT. BO KYUNG PASURUAN

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    Wahyu Budi Priyanto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Compensation is also self motivation factor for employees, where those things end in high-low level of work result or performance. This research purposes to test the effect of transformational leadership style, compensation, and motivation of employee’s performance, motivation as an effect mediator from transformational leadership style and compensation to employee’s performance in PT. Bo Kyung Pasuruan. This research is explanatory. In this research uses 96 samples from 2719 employees that work in PT. Bo Kyung Pasuruan. The result of Partial Least Square (PLS this research shows that transformational leadership style is positively effected but not significant to motivation and employee’s performance. Motivation affect transformational leadership style of employee’s performance, and motivation does not influence compensation of employee’s performance in PT. Bo Kyung Pasuruan.

  8. In vitro bioaccessibility of individual carotenoids from persimmon (Diospyros kaki, cv. Rojo Brillante) used as an ingredient in a model dairy food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Cayuela, Tomás; Nuño-Escobar, Beatriz; Welti-Chanes, Jorge; Cano, M Pilar

    2017-12-11

    Addition of persimmon fruit, which is highly rich in carotenoids, to dairy products represents an alternative to obtain functional foods. However, carotenoid bioaccessibility is strongly influenced by fat content and food composition. That is why in vitro bioaccessibility of individual carotenoids was evaluated in persimmon-based dairy products formulated with whole (3.6% fat) or skimmed milk (0.25% fat) and different freeze-dried persimmon tissues. Unambiguous identification of seven xanthophylls (neoxanthin, violaxanthin, antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, lutein epoxide and β-cryptoxanthin) and three hydrocarbon carotenes (α-carotene, β-carotene and lycopene) was achieved using high-performance liquid chromatography with a reverse-phase C-30 column. Total carotenoid content declined up 71% through the digestion process. In vitro bioaccessibility of carotenoids was significantly higher in dairy products formulated with whole milk than those with skimmed milk, representing a difference of more than 21% (in the formulation using persimmon whole fruit as ingredient). Furthermore, addition of whole milk to any type of persimmon tissue significantly improved the bioaccessibility of total provitamin A carotenoids, reaching the highest values (38%) with whole fruit and whole milk. The higher fat content in whole milk exerted a significant influence on carotenoid bioaccessibility, especially when using freeze-dried persimmon whole fruit. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  9. Perhitungan Biaya Produksi Ayam Bakar Dengan Metode Full Costing (Studi Kasus Ayam Bakar Kaki Lima Jalan Dr. Mansyur Iii Padang Bulan Medan)

    OpenAIRE

    Marthsari, Rica

    2016-01-01

    To avoid errors in the calculation of cost of production and cost efficient to produce required an appropriate method. The exact method used in calculating the cost of production is the full costing method. As for the problem of this research is an error in the calculation of production costs generated often causes the price is set too low or too high. This resulted in an incompatibility of the expected profit with the actual profit we earn. The purpose of this study is to analyze the prod...

  10. Pengelolaan Asuhan Keperawatan Dan Penatalaksanaan Pencegahan Ulkus Diabetik Pada Klien Diabetes Millitus Dengan Terapi Senam Kaki di Dusun VIII Desa Marindal I Kecamatan Patumbak Kabupaten Deli Serdang

    OpenAIRE

    Pasaribu, Indah Septiani

    2016-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by a rise in blood glucose levels or hyperglycemia. and impaired metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, caused by a relative deficiency of insulin or absolute. nyang one of the most common complication in patients with diabetes mellitus are the complications of the foot or diabetic ulcers which often occurs in the legs. based on the results of interviews with local community leaders and didapatkakun observation that p...

  11. Opini Komunitas Warga Sekitar Tentang Maraknya Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL (Studi Deskriptif Analitis Tentang Opini Komunitas Warga Sekitar Pkl – Tamansari, Kepatihan, Dan Dalem Kaum – Kota Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neni Yulianita

    2005-09-01

    Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui, mengkaji, dan menganalisis faktor 7“K” yang dirasakan komunitas warga sekitar, akibat maraknya PKL, sehingga tanggapan yang diekspresikan mereka dapat menjadi masukan bagi Humas Pemerintah Kota Bandung dalam upaya mensosialisasikan kebijakan pemerintah tentang PKL khususnya dalam merumuskan konsep  community relations berkaitan dengan 7 “K” yang dirasakan oleh komunitas warga sekitar terhadap maraknya PKL tersebut. Kesimpulan hasil penelitian ini adalah: pada umumnya opini komunitas warga sekitar terhadap maraknya PKL, dilihat dari faktor 7“K”  sangatlah bervariasi di antara opini positif dan negatif, Dalam arti, untuk responden tertentu penilaiannya sangat relatif tergantung dari persepsi masing-masing dan atas dasar pengalaman masing-masing dengan para PKL tersebut. Dengan demikian tidak sepenuhnya berada pada kecenderungan tertentu yang bersifat negatif atau positif. Oleh karena itu dari opini tersebut selanjutnya dapat berkembang untuk diyakini tentang adanya kemungkinan di antara kedua belah pihak saling membina hubungan, dan pemerintah memfasilitasi hubungan tersebut dalam kebijakan-kebijakannya.

  12. Effectivity of Foot Care Education Program in Improving Knowledge, Self-Efficacy and Foot Care Behavior of Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Banjarbaru, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdalena Mahdalena

    2016-11-01

    Masalah kaki diabetik di Indonesia masih merupakan masalah besar dan masih memerlukan perhatian yang optimal. Edukasi perawatan kaki adalah salah satu upaya yang harus dilakukan dalam mencegah masalah kaki untuk pasien diabetes melitus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis efektivitas program pendidikan perawatan kaki dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan, efikasi diri, dan perilaku perawatan kaki pasien diabetes di wilayah Banjarbaru. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasi experimental dengan prepost test, dilakukan di puskesmas wilayah Banjarbaru tahun 2013. Kelompok intervensi diberikan program pendidikan perawatan kaki. Sampel berjumlah 48 pasien (32 orang kelompok intervensi dan 16 orang kelompok kontrol menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Variabel yang diukur adalah pengetahuan, efikasi diri, dan perilaku perawatan kaki pasien diabetes melitus. Perlakuan yang diberikan pada responden berupa pendidikan kesehatan tentang perawatan kaki sebanyak dua kali. Setiap variabel diukur dua kali sebelum dan setelah intervensi. Uji pengetahuan diukur menggunakan Diabetic Foot Care Knowledge Questionnaire, efikasi diri diukur menggunakan Foot Care Confident Scale Self-Efficacy, dan perilaku perawatan kaki dinilai menggunakan Behavior Foot Care Questionnaire. Analisis data menggunakan Manova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan pada tingkat pengetahuan (nilai p = 0,001, efikasi diri (nilai p = 0,000 dan perilaku perawatan kaki (nilai p = 0,000 sebelum dan setelah intervensi.

  13. Turboatomizador e repasse com pistola manual na cobertura de pulverização de agrotóxicos em caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki L.f. Air-jet sprayer and spray gun in the pesticide spray coverage of persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.f. trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Riyuiti Higashibara

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A cultura do caquizeiro vem crescendo em importância no Brasil e, com o aumento do cultivo, tem havido também incremento dos problemas relacionados a doenças e pragas. A pulverização de agrotóxicos é o método mais utilizado na prevenção e no controle desses problemas e a principal forma de aplicação é a pulverização hidráulica com auxílio de fluxo de ar. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da variação da taxa de aplicação e do repasse na parte interna das plantas em pulverização com pistola manual, na cobertura de calda das folhas. A pulverização foi realizada em plantas de caquizeiro com 17 anos, utilizando-se equipamento composto de trator e pulverizador turboatomizador. A aplicação foi realizada com duas velocidades de avanço do equipamento, o que promoveu diferentes taxas de aplicação. Para a realização do repasse, utilizou-se pistola manual acoplada ao mesmo equipamento. Para a avaliação da cobertura, utilizou-se calda preparada com corante fluorescente dissolvido em água. Foram coletadas folhas nas posições externa e interna das plantas. Posteriormente, em sala escura e com iluminação ultravioleta para destacar a área atingida pelo corante fluorescente, as superfícies abaxial e adaxial de cada folha foram fotografadas com câmera digital. Cada imagem gerada foi submetida à análise pelo software SIARCS 3.0, resultando em porcentagem de cobertura. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos ao acaso em parcelas subsubdivididas com quatro repetições, sendo os tratamentos arranjados em esquema fatorial (taxas alta e baixa de aplicação, com e sem repasse manual, localizações interna e externa da folha na planta. Foi avaliada a cobertura das superfícies abaxial e adaxial das folhas. Houve interação significativa entre tratamentos (taxa de aplicação e repasse manual, posição e superfície das folhas. A maior taxa de aplicação promoveu aumento significativo da cobertura na superfície abaxial das folhas, independentemente da posição destas na planta (interna ou externa. Houve efeito do repasse com pistola na cobertura da superfície abaxial das folhas situadas na posição interna, mas não na externa à planta. Considerando que a maioria dos agentes causadores de danos fitossanitários inicia a ocorrência na superfície abaxial das folhas, pode-se concluir que o repasse manual foi mais eficiente do que o aumento da taxa de aplicação, visando à cobertura nas folhas posicionadas no interior da planta.Persimmon crop is growing in importance in Brazil, and with the increase of the production area there also has been an increase in the problems related to diseases and pests. For the control and prevention of these problems, most often it is used pesticides spray, and one of the main techniques is the spray with the aid of air flow. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of changes in the application rate and transfer with a spray gun on the leaves mixture coverage. The spraying was performed using tractor and air flow sprayer. The application was performed with two forward speeds of the equipment, leading to different application rates. The transfer was made with a spray gun attached to the same equipment. For the assessment of the coverage it was used a mixture prepared with fluorescent tracer dissolved in water. Leaves were collected in the inside and outside of the tree. Later, in dark room with ultraviolet lighting to highlight the area affected by the fluorescent tracer, the upper and lower surfaces of each leaf were photographed with a digital camera. Each image was subjected to analysis generated by software SIARCS 3.0, resulting in percentage of coverage. It was used a randomized block design with subdivided parcels with four replications, being the treatments in a 2x2x2 factorial scheme (high or low application rate, with or without transfer, inside or outside the tree. The evaluations were made in the upper and lower leaf surfaces. There was significant interaction between treatments (application rate and spray gun transfer, leaf position and surface. High application rate promoted a significant increase in the coverage of the lower leaves, regardless the site in the plant (inside or outside. The inside leaves had a better coverage with the spray gun transfer. As most of the agents of plant damage begin to occur in the lower surface of leaves, it can conclude that the spray gun transfer was more effective to cover the leaves inside the plant than increasing the application rate.

  14. FY1995 comprehensive assessments of measures mitigating heat island phenomena in urban areas; 1995 nendo heat shinku wo riyoshita daikibo reibo system no kaihatsu (daitoshi ni okeru kaki koonka taisaku gijutsu no hyoka shuho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The urban heat-island phenomenon is one of the man-made changes of local climate. The objectives of this research are to develop a heat-island model to cover the building scale to mesoscale and to assess the countermeasures to heat- island effects. The analysis of Tokyo by remote-sensing, field observation and estimates of anthropogenically exhausted heat using energy consumption data were conducted. And, techniques to assess the most effective countermeasure against the urban warming were developed. (NEDO)

  15. Integration of antimicrobial pectin-based edible coating and active modified atmosphere packaging to preserve the quality and microbial safety of fresh-cut persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb. cv. Rojo Brillante).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchís, Elena; Ghidelli, Christian; Sheth, Chirag C; Mateos, Milagros; Palou, Lluís; Pérez-Gago, María B

    2017-01-01

    The greatest hurdle to the commercial marketing of fresh-cut fruits is related to their higher susceptibility to enzymatic browning, tissue softening, and microbial growth. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a pectin-based edible coating and low oxygen modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) to control enzymatic browning and reduce microbial growth of fresh-cut 'Rojo Brillante' persimmon. The survival of Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis and Listeria monocytogenes artificially inoculated on fresh-cut fruit was also assessed. The pectin coating was amended with 500 IU mL -1 nisin (NI) as antimicrobial agent and 10 g kg -1 citric acid and 10 g kg -1 calcium chloride as anti-browning and firming agents, respectively. Persimmon slices were dipped in the coating or in water (control) and packed under 5 kPa O 2 (MAP) or in ambient atmosphere for up to 9 days at 5 °C. Microbial growth, package gas composition, colour, firmness, polyphenol oxidase activity, visual quality and overall sensory flavour of persimmon slices were measured during storage. Coating application combined with active MAP significantly reduced the CO 2 emission and O 2 consumption in the package. The coating was effective in reducing browning and also inhibited the growth of mesophilic aerobic bacteria. Coating also reduced the populations of E. coli, S. enteritidis and L. monocytogenes. The combination of the pectin-based edible coating and active MAP proved to be the most effective treatment to maintain the sensory and microbiological quality of persimmon slices for more than 9 days of storage. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  16. AN ANALISIS OF TRAFFIC ACCIDENT DEATHS IN A HOSPITAL IN JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supardi Praptasuganda

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dari 107 penderita kecelakaan lalu lintas yang dirawat dan meninggal di RS. DR. Cipto Mangunkusumo di Jakarta, 1984, 37% adalah pejalan kaki dan 36% adalah pengendara atau penumpang sepeda motor. Paling sedikit 65% dari kasus yang meninggal, kalau tidak semuanya, menderita cedera kepala dan 70% meninggal dalam waktu 2 hari setelah perawatan. Kematian pejalan kaki cenderung meningkat dengan meningkatnya usia dan hampir 50% disebabkan oleh karena tertabrak mobil. Pemakaian helm kepala bagi pengendara dan penumpang sepeda motor, sabuk pengaman bagi pengemudi dan penumpang ken­daraan bermotor lain dianjurkan untuk mencegah terjadinya cedera kepala. Diperlukan lebih banyak sarana pencegahan pasif untuk melindungi pejalan kaki.

  17. Asuhan Keperawatan pada An. K dengan Kebutuhan Dasar personal hygiene di RSUD. dr. Pirngadi Medan Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Nelmy Hannum

    2015-01-01

    Personal hygiene adalah suatu usaha pemeliharaan kesehatan diri seseorang yang bertujuan mencegah terjangkitnya penyakit serta untuk memperbaiki status kesehatannya. Salah satu indikator dari Personal hygiene adalah perawatan kaki, tangan, dan kuku (Perry & Potter, 2005). 112500048

  18. Flow cytometry approach for studying the interaction between ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Flow cytometry approach for studying the interaction between Bacillus mojavensis and Alternaria alternata. Asma Milet, Noreddine Kacem Chaouche, Laid Dehimat, Asma Ait Kaki, Mounira Kara Ali, Philippe Thonart ...

  19. Study on climate control of dwellings using underground air tunnel in the cold region. Part 1. Cooling performance of the underground air tunnel connected to a small-scaled test house; Kanreichi ni okeru chika air tunnel ni yoru junetsukankyo kaizen ni kansuru kenkyu. 1. Shokibo shiken kaoku ni okeru kaki no ryobo seino hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miki, Y; Sanji, H; Ito, J; Komoda, T; Mitsuoka, K; Mogami, S [Kitami Institute of Technology, Hokkaido (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Underground air tunnel is provided for cooling an experimentally built small house and the cooling performance is examined at Kitami Institute of Technology, Hokkaido. The house is provided with 120mm-thick layers of insulating material under the floor and inside the side walls and partitioning walls. The windows are equipped with blinds, with reed screens positioned outside to cover the windows. The air tunnel is a hard vinyl chloride tube, 200mm in internal diameter. It is buried 4.5m deep in the ground, and extends as long as 27m. A filter-provided 72W blower installed at the tunnel outlet is driven to force air through. As for the natural soil temperature in summer, it is found variable between 7.2 and 8.5degC. As the result of the experiment, it is found that thanks to the underground tunnel the room temperature is kept below 27degC even when the maximum temperature in the daytime is 30degC or higher provided the air flow is appropriately regulated. In this experiment, the maximum rate of instantaneously removed heat is approximately 2.5 times higher than the values in other previously reported experiments. The daily coefficient of performance is 6.5-11.1, again higher than the previously reported values. Different from application in warm regions, the effect of rise in the surrounding soil temperature on the cooling performance is not so conspicuous. 3 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Characterization of the organoleptic properties, vitamin C levels and anti-oxidant contents of Californian grown persimmons (abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    California is the largest U.S. producer of persimmons (Diospyros kaki). Consumer demand for persimmons is driven by their organoleptic and nutritional properties (vitamin C and anti-oxidant contents). Most commercial production is divided between a small number of astringent “Hachiya” and non-astri...

  1. An insight into the sequential, structural and phylogenetic properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prakash

    composition bias between sequences. Plant name. Musa acuminate. Diospyros kaki. 0.463. Malus domestica. 0.333. Momordica charantia. 0.383. Medicago truncatula. 0.263. Glycine max. 0.223. Populas canadensis. 0.450. Pyrus communis. 0.223. Cucumis melo. 0.497. Lycopersicon esculentum. 0.327. Persea americana.

  2. Analisis Gerakan Tendangan Ap Chagi Pada Taekwondoin junior Putra Kabupaten lombok Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nopi Hariadi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Tendangan Ap Chagi ini merupakan teknik tendangan yang paling mendasar yang harus dikuasai Taekwondoin dan dapat menghasilkan poin tiga. (WTF Competition Rules & Interpretation, 2012: 22. Jenis penelitian yaitu jenis penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dan bila ditinjau dari jenis pendekatannya termasuk Action Research (Penelitian tindakan. Instrumen penelitian dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Software Dartfish Handycam dan Laptop. Analisis data menggunakan Analyzer pada Software Dartfish serta penilaan dari Expert Judgement yang meliputi sudut tangan, sudut kemiringan punggung, sudut bukaan kaki dan sudut putaran telapak kaki, serta kecepatan dan ketepatan tendangan. Dari 3 atlet yang menjadi subjek penelitian diperoleh satu atlet yang mendapatkan hasil terbaik, pada tendangan Ap Chagi, hasil terbaik diperoleh pada subjek penelitian AKB. Penelitian menyimpulkan perbaikan gerakan berupa pendampingan dan arahan dari peneliti, pelatih dan Expert Judgement, berupa latihan fisik dan latihan teknik dasar tendangan Ap Chagi. Dan hasil tendangan Ap Chagi yang paling baik atau efektif terdapat pada refleksi III, dapat dilihat pada Taekwondoin AKB dengan waktu 0,34 s, jarak tendangan dengan sasaran 1,60 m, sehingga menghasilkan kecepatan 5,0 m/s. Berikutnya untuk sudut tangan 51.3°, sudut kemiringan punggung 141,8°, sudut bukaan kaki sebesar 101,0°, sudut putaran telapak kaki sebesar 50,0° dan tepat pada sasaran yang telah ditentukan.

  3. Exogenous application of natural extracts of persimmon ( Diospyros ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) fruit is delicious as well as rich in nutritive and medicinal values. The fruit is not available throughout the year and also could not be grown across the world but is liked in many countries. Many people have access only to the dried fruits. Therefore, the demand of quality dry fruit is very ...

  4. The Importance Therapeutic of Products Extracted from the Fir Tree of Numidia (Abies numidica) and Research for an Antibacterial Activity

    OpenAIRE

    YASMİNA, Tlili AitKaki; BENNADJA, Salima; ABDELGHANİ, Djahoudi

    2014-01-01

    Yasmina TLILI AIT KAKI, Salima BENNADJA, Djahoudi ABDELGHANI Laboratoire de botanique médicale, Département de pharmacie, Faculté de médecine, Université Badji Mokhtar Annaba, 23000 Algérie *Corresponding Author:

  5. Predictive model for consumer preference of a dried, chip-style persimmon product

    Science.gov (United States)

    The State of California is a major producer of Asian persimmons (Diospyros kaki), however, there is limited availability of persimmons outside of this region and the fruit’s short harvest season. A dried, chip-style product could increase the geographic area and timeframe in which persimmon growers...

  6. A comparative study on the in vitro antioxidant potentials of three edible fruits: cornelian cherry, Japanese persimmon and cherry laurel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celep, Engin; Aydın, Ahmet; Yesilada, Erdem

    2012-09-01

    This study was designed in order to investigate in vitro antioxidant potentials of 80% methanolic extracts prepared from three edible fruits, Cornus mas L., Diospyros kaki L., Laurocerasus officinalis Roem. For this purpose, 8 different tests were performed including 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide radical scavenging tests, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC), metal-chelating capacity, determination of total antioxidant capacity, β-carotene bleaching test in a linoleic acid emulsion system and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity. In addition, for evaluating the phenolic profile, total phenolic, flavonoid and proanthocyanidin contents were measured spectrophotometrically. Among the three fruits analyzed, Diospyros kaki L. showed the highest activity in all tests, except β-carotene bleaching test. Whereas, neither of three fruits showed metal-chelating activity. Also, a good correlation was found between the phenolic content and antioxidant parameters. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Estresse salino associado à aplicação exógena de espermidina no acúmulo de glicina betaína em Guandu Salt stress associated to exogenous spermidine application on the accumulation of glycine betaine in pigeonpea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moacir Vinícius Pereira Destro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi verificar o efeito do estresse salino associado à aplicação exógena de espermidina (Spd nos genótipos de guandu, IAC Fava Larga e Caqui, no acúmulo de glicina betaína (GB, visando propor a sua utilização como marcador bioquímico-fisiológico à salinidade. O experimento foi instalado na Unesp, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, em Jaboticabal (SP, no período de outubro a novembro de 2005, conduzido em sala de crescimento, com irradiância de 190 µmol m-2 s-1, fotoperíodo de 12 horas, temperatura de 25ºC e U.R. de 40%. A semeadura foi realizada em areia estéril, com adequado suprimento hídrico. Após 10 dias, as plântulas foram transferidas para solução nutritiva por 20 dias para aclimatação. A seguir, as plântulas foram alocadas nos tratamentos, sendo utilizado o delineamento experimental em blocos casualizados em esquema fatorial 2 x 2 x 4 com os fatores genótipos (IAC Fava Larga e Caqui, Spd (0,0 e 0,5 mM e estresse salino (0, 20, 60 e 80 mM de NaCl. Após 20 dias sob estresse, foram determinados os teores de GB. Pelos resultados obtidos, a GB pode ser indicada como um marcador bioquímico-fisiológico do estresse salino para o 'IAC Fava Larga'.This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of salt stress associated to exogenous spermidine (Spd application on the accumulation of glycine betaine in the pigeonpea genotypes IAC Fava Larga and Caqui. The use of this compatible osmolyte as a biochemical-physiological indicator of salinity was also evaluated. The experiment was carried out at Unesp, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, in Jaboticabal (SP, from October to November 2005, in a grow room with irradiance of 190 µmol m-2 s-1, photoperiod of 12 hours, temperature set to 25 ºC and the RH to 40%. Seeds were sowed in sterile sand with adequate water supply. After 10 days, seedlings were transferred to nutritive solution during 20 days for acclimation

  8. Five Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequences from Diospyros: Genome Organization and Comparative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jianmin; Liu, Huimin; Hu, Jingjing; Liang, Yuqin; Liang, Jinjun; Wuyun, Tana; Tan, Xiaofeng

    2016-01-01

    Diospyros is the largest genus in Ebenaceae, comprising more than 500 species with remarkable economic value, especially Diospyros kaki Thunb., which has traditionally been an important food resource in China, Korea, and Japan. Complete chloroplast (cp) genomes from D. kaki, D. lotus L., D. oleifera Cheng., D. glaucifolia Metc., and Diospyros 'Jinzaoshi' were sequenced using Illumina sequencing technology. This is the first cp genome reported in Ebenaceae. The cp genome sequences of Diospyros ranged from 157,300 to 157,784 bp in length, presenting a typical quadripartite structure with two inverted repeats each separated by one large and one small single-copy region. For each cp genome, 134 genes were annotated, including 80 protein-coding, 31 tRNA, and 4 rRNA unique genes. In all, 179 repeats and 283 single sequence repeats were identified. Four hypervariable regions, namely, intergenic region of trnQ_rps16, trnV_ndhC, and psbD_trnT, and intron of ndhA, were identified in the Diospyros genomes. Phylogenetic analyses based on the whole cp genome, protein-coding, and intergenic and intron sequences indicated that D. oleifera is closely related to D. kaki and could be used as a model plant for future research on D. kaki; to our knowledge, this is proposed for the first time. Further, these analyses together with two large deletions (301 and 140 bp) in the cp genome of D. 'Jinzaoshi', support its placement as a new species in Diospyros. Both maximum parsimony and likelihood analyses for 19 taxa indicated the basal position of Ericales in asterids and suggested that Ebenaceae is monophyletic in Ericales.

  9. Five Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequences from Diospyros: Genome Organization and Comparative Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianmin Fu

    Full Text Available Diospyros is the largest genus in Ebenaceae, comprising more than 500 species with remarkable economic value, especially Diospyros kaki Thunb., which has traditionally been an important food resource in China, Korea, and Japan. Complete chloroplast (cp genomes from D. kaki, D. lotus L., D. oleifera Cheng., D. glaucifolia Metc., and Diospyros 'Jinzaoshi' were sequenced using Illumina sequencing technology. This is the first cp genome reported in Ebenaceae. The cp genome sequences of Diospyros ranged from 157,300 to 157,784 bp in length, presenting a typical quadripartite structure with two inverted repeats each separated by one large and one small single-copy region. For each cp genome, 134 genes were annotated, including 80 protein-coding, 31 tRNA, and 4 rRNA unique genes. In all, 179 repeats and 283 single sequence repeats were identified. Four hypervariable regions, namely, intergenic region of trnQ_rps16, trnV_ndhC, and psbD_trnT, and intron of ndhA, were identified in the Diospyros genomes. Phylogenetic analyses based on the whole cp genome, protein-coding, and intergenic and intron sequences indicated that D. oleifera is closely related to D. kaki and could be used as a model plant for future research on D. kaki; to our knowledge, this is proposed for the first time. Further, these analyses together with two large deletions (301 and 140 bp in the cp genome of D. 'Jinzaoshi', support its placement as a new species in Diospyros. Both maximum parsimony and likelihood analyses for 19 taxa indicated the basal position of Ericales in asterids and suggested that Ebenaceae is monophyletic in Ericales.

  10. First report of Pestalotiopsis diospyri causing canker on persimmon trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselda Alves

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available During 2006 to 2009 season symptoms of a canker disease were observed on twigs and branches of young and mature persimmon trees (Diospyros kaki L. cv. Fuyu in the States of Santa Catarina and Paraná in the Southern Brazil. The cankers result in severe damage and reduced production. Isolations from the margins of these cankers revealed a genus of Pestalotiopsis. Koch's postulates were confirmed using two isolates of the pathogen which was identified as Pestalotiopsis diospyri.

  11. Effect of processing on the physicochemical, sensory, nutritional and microbiological quality of fresh-cut 'Rojo Brillante' persimmon

    OpenAIRE

    SANCHÍS SOLER, ELENA

    2016-01-01

    [EN] Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) 'Rojo Brillante' is an astringent variety characterised by good growing conditions, excellent colour, size, sensory characteristics and good nutritional properties. In the last decade, its production has grown substantially in Spain given the application of high levels of CO2 to remove astringency while firmness is preserved. This technology has also increased its potential as a fresh-cut commodity. However, physical damage during processing result in degrad...

  12. Investigation and Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Diospyros Germplasms Using SCoT Molecular Markers in Guangxi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Libao; Liang, Qingzhi; He, Xinhua; Luo, Cong; Chen, Hu; Qin, Zhenshi

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge about genetic diversity and relationships among germplasms could be an invaluable aid in diospyros improvement strategies. This study was designed to analyze the genetic diversity and relationship of local and natural varieties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China using start codon targeted polymorphism (SCoT) markers. The accessions of 95 diospyros germplasms belonging to four species Diospyros kaki Thunb, D. oleifera Cheng, D. kaki var. silverstris Mak, and D. lotus Linn were collected from different eco-climatic zones in Guangxi and were analyzed using SCoT markers. Results indicated that the accessions of 95 diospyros germplasms could be distinguished using SCoT markers, and were divided into three groups at similarity coefficient of 0.608; these germplasms that belong to the same species were clustered together; of these, the degree of genetic diversity of the natural D. kaki var. silverstris Mak population was richest among the four species; the geographical distance showed that the 12 natural populations of D. kaki var. silverstris Mak were divided into two groups at similarity coefficient of 0.19. Meanwhile, in order to further verify the stable and useful of SCoT markers in diospyros germplasms, SSR markers were also used in current research to analyze the genetic diversity and relationship in the same diospyros germplasms. Once again, majority of germplasms that belong to the same species were clustered together. Thus SCoT markers were stable and especially useful for analysis of the genetic diversity and relationship in diospyros germplasms. The molecular characterization and diversity assessment of diospyros were very important for conservation of diospyros germplasm resources, meanwhile for diospyros improvement.

  13. Integrasi Quality Function Deployment (QFD dan Conjoint Analysis untuk Mengetahui Preferensi Konsumen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desrina Yusi Irawati

    2016-04-01

    Berdasarkan hasil perceived value, perusahaan dapat memperkirakan harga penambahan 1 laci berkisar Rp.1 - Rp.500.000, penambahan 2 laci adalah Rp. 800.000 – Rp. 900.000, penambahan tumpuan kaki Rp. 50.000 – Rp. 150.000, dan penambahan fitur pendukung Rp. 150.000-Rp. 250.000. Kata kunci: Quality Function Deployment (QFD, conjoint analysis, segmentasi, dan perceived value

  14. 2682-IJBCS-Article-Serge Samandoulougou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    poultry-science-lines-of-xNA.html. Moula N, Antoine-Moussiaux N, Ait Kaki A,. Farnir F, Leroy P. 2012. Comparaison de la qualité des œufs de la race de poule locale Kabyle et de son croisement avec la souche industrielle. Isa-Brown. 10ème Journées des Sciences. Vétérinaires : ENSV, Alger, Algérie. Mourad M, Bah AS, ...

  15. Enhanced Microbial, Functional and Sensory Properties of Herbal Yogurt Fermented with Korean Traditional Plant Extracts

    OpenAIRE

    Joung, Jae Yeon; Lee, Ji Young; Ha, Young Sik; Shin, Yong Kook; Kim, Younghoon; Kim, Sae Hun; Oh, Nam Su

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of two Korean traditional plant extracts (Diospyros kaki THUNB. leaf; DK, and Nelumbo nucifera leaf; NN) on the fermentation, functional and sensory properties of herbal yogurts. Compared to control fermentation, all plant extracts increased acidification rate and reduced the time to complete fermentation (pH 4.5). Supplementation of plant extracts and storage time were found to influence the characteristics of the yogurts, contributing to increased viability ...

  16. Gluconacetobacter kakiaceti sp. nov., an acetic acid bacterium isolated from a traditional Japanese fruit vinegar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iino, Takao; Suzuki, Rei; Tanaka, Naoto; Kosako, Yoshimasa; Ohkuma, Moriya; Komagata, Kazuo; Uchimura, Tai

    2012-07-01

    Two novel acetic acid bacteria, strains G5-1(T) and I5-1, were isolated from traditional kaki vinegar (produced from fruits of kaki, Diospyros kaki Thunb.), collected in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains G5-1(T) and I5-1 formed a distinct subline in the genus Gluconacetobacter and were closely related to Gluconacetobacter swingsii DST GL01(T) (99.3% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The isolates showed 96-100% DNA-DNA relatedness with each other, but genus Gluconacetobacter. The isolates could be distinguished from closely related members of the genus Gluconacetobacter by not producing 2- and 5-ketogluconic acids from glucose, producing cellulose, growing without acetic acid and with 30% (w/v) d-glucose, and producing acid from sugars and alcohols. Furthermore, the genomic DNA G+C contents of strains G5-1(T) and I5-1 were a little higher than those of their closest phylogenetic neighbours. On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic position, strains G5-1(T) and I5-1 are assigned to a novel species, for which the name Gluconacetobacter kakiaceti sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is G5-1(T) (=JCM 25156(T)=NRIC 0798(T)=LMG 26206(T)).

  17. Flora, life form and chorological study of soil seed bank in Sisangan box tree (Buxus hyrcanus Pojark Forest Reserve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moslem Akbarinia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study involves the soil seed bank flora of the Sisangan Box tree (Buxus hyrcanus Pojark reserve by using seedling emergence method. 150 soil samples were collected during late June and early November by hammering a hollow metal frame 400 cm2 to a depth of 5 cm. Results showed 67 species, representing 63 genera and 38 families germinated from soil seed bank. 45 species belonging to 28 families and 59 species belonging to 32 families were recorded in June and November soil seed bank respectively. The largest families were Asteraceae (7 species, 10.5%, Lamiaceae (6 species, 9%, Poaceae (5 species, 7.5% and Rosaceae (4 species, 6% which compromised 32.8% percent of the total species in the soil seed bank. Results also showed that Hemicrptophytes (28.4% and Euro-Sibria elements (23/9% were the most important biological spectrum and phytochorion respectivly in the soil seed bank of Sisangan forest. From the total number of species recorded in seed bank, 30 species (44.6 % were found only in the seed bank and never observed in above-ground vegetation. In this regard, seeds of 10 woody species including Albizia julibrissin, Ficus carica, Morus alba, Diospyrus lotus, Celtis australis, Gleditsia caspica, Buxus hyrcana, Ulmus minor, Zelkova carpinifolia and Carpinus betulus were found in the soil seed bank, from which only 6 species were able to produce persistent soil seed bank. This condition confirmed low similarity between above-ground vegetation and persistent soil seed bank and it also reiterated the importance of soil seed bank study for introducing more accurate capacity of plant biodiversity.

  18. PERBEDAAN VISUALISASI ATRIBUT DAN STRUKTUR TUBUH WAYANG KULIT PURWA PADA TOKOH ANTAREJA GAYA YOGYAKARTA DENGAN GAYA SURAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanang Prisandy

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendiskripsikan perbedakan visualisasi atribut dan struktur tubuh pada tokoh Antareja Yogyakarta dengan Surakarta. Sumber data utamanya adalah wayang kulit Antareja Yogyakarta dan Surakarta. hasil dari penelitian ini adalah perbedakan atribut dan struktur tubuh (sanggul, jamang , sumping, garuda mungkur, dewala, ulur-ulur, kelat bahu, gelang tangan, praba, sabuk/paningset, pending , badong, kampuh, uncal wastra, uncal kencana, kunca, seluar terluar, seluar panjang, krocong, muka, mata, mulut, hidung, badan, tangan, kaki pada Antareja Yogyakarta dengan Antareja Surakarta.

  19. 2377-IJBCS-Article-Alexandre Dansi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    gros et lourds, rendements supérieurs à 2 tonnes à l'hectare) comme Catché godonou, Ewaoloy, Gbolékpomin,. Kaki et Yanbodo qu'on peut utiliser dans les programmes de sélection. ... 1051. En raison de sa forte teneur en protéines (19 à 25%), en carbohydrates et en éléments minéraux, le niébé joue un rôle important ...

  20. JENIS JAMUR DAN LALAT YANG DITEMUKAN PADA MAKANAN JAJANAN DARI PASAR DAN WARUNG DI JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunik St. Aminah

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Hasil penelitian terhadap makanan jajanan yang dijual di pasar dan warung, banyak yang tidak memenuhai syarat kesehatan, dan tercemar oleh bakteri serta jamur tertentu. Penelitian tentang bakteri yang mencemari makanan  jajanan seperti Entamoeba coli, Staphylococcus dan Salmonella telah banyak diketahui, tetapi mengenai data jenis jamur yang mencemari makanan jajanan belum banyak diketahui. Kontaminasi tersebut disebabkan cara penanganan, sanitasi yang kurang bersih, pembungkus makanan jajanan, tempat menjajakan makanan jajanan dan lokasi menjual makanan jajanan tersebut sebaiknya jauh dari tempat pembuangan sampah. Tempat pembuangan sampah sering ditemukan lalat seperti lalat rumah (Musca domestica, Chysomia megacephala, C. safferanea dan Sarcophaga sp. Hampir semua kue basah maupun kue kering yang dijual di pasar tradisional maupun di warung umumnya tercemar oleh khamir. Kue-kue tersebut yang dijual di pasar lebih banyak tercemar khamir dibandingkan yang dijual di warung. Hal ini kemungkinan kue yang dijual di warung penanganannya lebih baik dari pada yang dijual di pasar. Begitu juga mutu kue yang dijual di pasar biasanya lebih cepat rusak. Kerusakan kue tersebut disebabkan antara lain karena tercemar spora jamur yang terbawa oleh debu maupun oleh lalat yang terkontaminasi jamur/bakteri pada kaki-kaki lalat tersebut,  yang hinggap pada makanan jajanan. Sehingga jenis-jenis jamur yang terdapat di tempat sampah, udara dan tanah dapat mencemari makanan jajanan yang dijual di pasar maupun di warung.

  1. Short communication: development and characterization of novel transcriptome-derived microsatellites for genetic analysis of persimmon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, C; Zhang, Q L; Luo, Z R

    2014-04-16

    Oriental persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) (2n = 6x = 90) is a major commercial and deciduous fruit tree that is believed to have originated in China. However, rare transcriptomic and genomic information on persimmon is available. Using Roche 454 sequencing technology, the transcriptome from RNA of the flowers of D. kaki was analyzed. A total of 1,250,893 reads were generated and 83,898 unigenes were assembled. A total of 42,711 SSR loci were identified from 23,494 unigenes and 289 polymerase chain reaction primer pairs were designed. Of these 289 primers, 155 (53.6%) showed robust PCR amplification and 98 revealed polymorphism between 15 persimmon genotypes, indicating a polymorphic rate of 63.23% of the productive primers for characterization and genotyping of the genus Diospyros. Transcriptome sequence data generated from next-generation sequencing technology to identify microsatellite loci appears to be rapid and cost-efficient, particularly for species with no genomic sequence information available.

  2. First report of Pestalotiopsis diospyri causing canker on persimmon trees Primeira ocorrência de Pestalotiopsis diospyri causando cancros em caquizeiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselda Alves

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available During 2006 to 2009 season symptoms of a canker disease were observed on twigs and branches of young and mature persimmon trees (Diospyros kaki L. cv. Fuyu in the States of Santa Catarina and Paraná in the Southern Brazil. The cankers result in severe damage and reduced production. Isolations from the margins of these cankers revealed a genus of Pestalotiopsis. Koch's postulates were confirmed using two isolates of the pathogen which was identified as Pestalotiopsis diospyri.Durante as safras de 2007 a 2009, foram observados sintomas de cancro em ramos e galhos de plantas de caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki L. cv. Fuyu, nos Estados de Santa Catarina e do Paraná, no Sul do Brasil. Os cancros resultavam em danos severos e comprometiam a produção. Após o isolamento da margem dos cancros, detectou-se o gênero Pestalotiopsis em todas as amostras. Os postulados de Koch foram confirmados, utilizando-se dois isolados do patógeno, o qual foi identificado como Pestalotiopsis diospyri.

  3. Brugia timori INFECTION IN LEKEBAI, FLORES: clinical aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arbain Joesoef

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengamatan filariasis pada penduduk Nualolo-Lekebai, Pulau Flores telah dilakukan pada bulan Februari 1975. Kampung Nualolo-Lekebai berpenduduk 680 jiwa, pekerjaan bertani dan menganut agama Nasrani. Kebiasaan hidup di antara penduduk di daerah ini adalah menyerahkan pelaksanaan pekerjaan berat pada kaum wanita, baik di rumah ataupun di kebun. Dalam perjalanan jauh baik ke kebun atau ke pasar, kaum wanitanya selalu berjalan kaki sedangkan kaum prianya menunggang kuda. Sejumlah 80% dari penduduk kampung ini telah diperiksa terhadap infeksi parasit filaria dan terhadap gejala filariasis. Dari hasil yang ditemukan ternyata penduduk kampung ini menderita infeksi Brugia timori dengan angka derajat infeksi sebesar 7.0% dan angka derajat elephantiasis sebesar 10.3%. Hal yang menarik yang ditemukan dalam pengamatan ini adalah tingginya angka derajat elephantiasis pada kaum wanita dibandingkan dengan pada kaum pria. Fenomena ini mungkin disebabkan oleh kebiasaan hidup kaum wanita di daerah ini sehari-hari yang bekerja lebih berat dan berjalan kaki lebih sering dan lebih jauh dibandingkan kaum prianya.

  4. Concentração de macronutrientes nos ramos frutíferos do caquizeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideaki Wilson Takahashi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Os estudos de nutrição mineral do caquizeiro, no Brasil, de forma sistematizada, são inexistentes e bastante escassos, sendo encontrados alguns trabalhos no Japão, Nova Zelândia e Austrália. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a nutrição mineral do caquizeiro cultivar Giombo, focalizando o estudo da variação da concentração de macronutrientes ao longo dos estádios de desenvolvimento nos órgãos que compõem os ramos frutíferos. O experimento foi conduzido em pomar comercial de caqui, cultivar Giombo, localizado no município de Faxina-PR. Os teores foliares de macronutrientes no estádio fenológico recomendado para avaliação do estado nutricional foram semelhantes aos da Austrália e do Japão e continham 20,30; 1,25; 30,55; 23,45; 3,85 e 3,05 g kg-1 de massa seca de N, P, K, Ca, Mg e S, respectivamente.

  5. Concentration change of radiocaesium in persimmon leaves and fruits. Observation results in 2011 Spring - 2013 Summer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tagami, Keiko; Uchida, Shigeo

    2014-01-01

    To make dried-fruits of persimmon (Diospyros kaki), its fresh fruits were generally processed to decrease their water-contents to about 30-50%. During this food process, their radiocaesium concentrations increased without any loss, and, occasionally, the dried-fruits may exceed the food standard level of 100 Bq/kg (edible form). Thus, it is necessary to estimate the radiocaesium concentrations in the products before the fresh fruit harvesting and processing. For this purpose, radiocaesium concentrations in leaves of persimmon trees were monitored with time. The 137 Cs concentrations in the fruits were usually lower than those in the leaves and the concentration ratio was less than 0.4 on a fresh weight basis. The ratio became smaller when closer the harvest season. Thus the concentration of leaves could be a good indicator to estimate the processed persimmon fruits. (author)

  6. INCLUSION BODY MYOSITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luh Yeni Laksmini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Inclusion body myositis (IBM merupakan penyakit inflamasi pada otot yang bersifat progresif dengan penyebab yang tidak diketahui dan tidak menunjukkan respon yang baik terhadap berbagai terapi. Gambaran histopatologi IBM ditandai dengan infiltrat sel-sel limfosit diantara ruangan endomisial, di dalam otot dan di sekitar otot dengan fokus-fokus inklusi di dalam miosit (rimmed vacuole serta beberapa serat otot terlihat atrofi dan nekrosis. Dilaporkan wanita, usia 46 tahun dengan IBM. Keluhan utama pasien berupa kelemahan pada kedua tangan, kaki kanan terasa berat jika diangkat sehingga susah berjalan. Pemeriksaan saraf sensorik ekstremitas dekstra dan sinistra dalam batas normal. Pemeriksaan enzim cretinine kinase meningkat secara dramatik. Pemeriksaan histopatologi dari biospi otot gastrocnemius menunjukkan gambaran yang sesuai untuk IBM dan telah dilakukan penanganan dengan pemberian oral methilprednisolon 3x32 mg dan mecobalmin 1x500ìg intravena, namun tidak menunjukkan respon yang baik terhadap terapi dan akhirnya pasien meninggal. [MEDICINA 2013;44:118-123].

  7. Analisis Migrasi Radio Trunking Analog ke Radio Trunking Digital di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riza Azmi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam Tabel Alokasi Spektrum Frekuensi di Indonesia pada catatan kaki INS9 dan INS13 disebutkan bahwa alokasi pada pita-pita frekuensi yang digunakan untuk teknologi trunking direncanakan dimigrasi ke sistem komunikasi trunking digital pada waktu yang akan ditentukan oleh pemerintah. Terkait dengan hal itu, studi ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji bagaimana kelayakan migrasi dari sistem trunking analog ke sistem trunking digital dan hal-hal yang terkait dengannya. Dengan menggunakan analisis biaya dan manfaat (Cost-Benefit Analysis studi ini melihat bahwa migrasi hanya dapat dilakukan jika umur masing-masing lisensi dari operator telah berakhir, atau dengan kata lain pemerintah dapat mendorong transisi ke digital dengan menerbitkan lisensi baru yaitu lisensi trunking digital.

  8. STUDI POTENSI PERTANIAN “KAKI“ LAWU SELATAN WILAYAH WONOGIRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Budi Nugroho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural potential have the highest contribution to Gross Domestic Product Wonogiri (BPS, 2011 because it is proper database agricultural potential is necessary for basic agricultural development planning in particular and the economy in general. In turn can be achieved high revenue. This study aims to provide information on the potential of agriculture in the "Kaki Lawu Selatan" South and provide recommendations on the development of agricultural. From this study the South Lawu Foot Zone can be divided into 4 (four zones: the upper leg, foot zone central zone, lower leg and foot slope zone. Among these zones, based on the parent material foot zone less potential for commercial agriculture, based on the value of LQ, three priority commodities suspected potential for the avocado fruit, rambutan, breadfruit. Vegetables garlic, carrots and cabbage. Plantation commodities include coffee, cocoa and tobacco / patchouli. Food commodities include cassava, maize and peanuts.Kata kunci : Agricultural potential

  9. Pododermatitis in captive-reared black stilts (Himantopus novaezelandiae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reissig, Elizabeth Chang; Tompkins, Daniel M; Maloney, Richard F; Sancha, Emily; Wharton, David A

    2011-09-01

    A potential cause of pododermatitis ("bumblefoot") was investigated in captive-reared juvenile black stilts at the Department of Conservation "Kaki Recovery Program" at Twizel, New Zealand. To address the importance of substrate, the development of clinical signs in individuals was compared among aviaries that contained rubber matting and/or salt footbaths, and controls. No effect of either experimental manipulation of the environment was apparent on pododermatitis development. With the substrate appearing not to be an initiating factor, and a previous study that indicated that the birds' diet fulfills the nutritional requirements for rearing black stilts in captivity, results of this study suggest that insufficient space for exercise may instead be the cause.

  10. Paradoks Ganda Kos Produksi Petani Tembakau (Studi Fenomenologi pada Petani Tembakau di Kabupaten Jember

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whedy Prasetyo

    2017-04-01

    Fenomena paradoks ganda kos produksi akibat pasar tembakau merupakan kajian penelitian ini. Kajian ini merujuk akibat transaksi harga yang bersifat oligopsoni dan petani tidak memiliki akses langsung ke pabrik. Paradoks seperti ini membuat kondisi antara petani dan pabrik menentukan beban produksi. Beban produksi yang terjadi akibat proses jual-beli diperantarai oleh tengkulak, sehingga fluktuasi harga tembakau merugikan petani. Penelitian ini mengunakan studi fenomena. Hasil penelitian mewujudkan harmonisasi penentuan kos produksi dari awal masa tanam sampai panen. Harmonisasi kos produksi seperti ini menunjukkan pabrik dan petani membuka wahana komunikasi intensif dan terbuka beban produksi yang harus dikeluarkan masing-masing. Hasil ini diharapkan mengakhir fenomena oligopsoni dan penetapan harga tembakau secara sepihak oleh tengkulak yang menjadi kaki tangan industri rokok. Oleh karena itu, sudah waktunya cerita paradoks ganda penentuan kos produksi diakhiri.

  11. Evaluation of Railway Level Crossing Attributes on Accident Causation in Lagos, Nigeria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeolu O Dina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The study examines the contribution of Railway Level Crossing (RLCphysical attributes to accident occurrence using the12 major level crossings within the Lagos metropolis. The 48km single track mainline section under consideration which barely make up 1.1% of the entire narrow gauge track network of the country within a 5 year period contributed about 45% of the total National crossing accidents recorded in Nigeria. The method of investigation involved recording the individual attributes of each RLC such asgates, pedestrian traffic, car traffic light, proximity of signage to crossing, vehicular traffic as dummy variables.The regression analysis  was used to measure their effect on accidents.The result indicates gates, pedestrians and the location of signage had significant impact on accidents occurrence at level crossings within Lagos metropolis. Based on the findings, enhancement of active warning systems among other recommendations was suggested as potent counter measures for RLC accident reduction. Abstrak Penelitian menguji tingkat kontribusi atribut fisik dari perlintasan jalan kereta api terhadap kejadian kecelakaan menggunakan 12 perlintasan utama dalam kota metropolis Lagos. 48 km jalan utama tunggal menjadi pertimbangan yang hampir meningkat 1.1% dari seluruh trek sempit jaringan negara dalam jangka waktu 5 tahun menyumbang sekitar 45% dari total kecelakaan perlintasan secara Nasional di Nigeria. Metode penelitian melibatkan catatan dari masing-masing atribut RLC seperti pintu gerbang, pejalan kaki, lampu lalu lintas mobil, kedekatan tanda penyebarangan, lalu lintas kendaraan sebagai variabel dumi. Analisis regresi digunakan untuk mengukur pengaruh dari atribut terhadap kecelakaan. Hasilnya menunjukkan pintu gerbang, pejalan kaki, dan lokasi tanda perlintasan mempunyai dampak signifikan pada kecelakaan dalam kota metropolis Lagos.Berdasarkan penemuan tersebut, perbaikan dari sistem peringatan aktif disarankan sebagai upaya

  12. INTERVENSI ERGONOMI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SAINS MENGURANGI KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL SISWA SD 1 SANGSIT KECAMATAN SAWAN KABUPATEN BULELENG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nyoman Wijana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peranan intervensi ergonomi dalam pembelajaran sains untuk menurunkan keluhan muskuloskeletal siswa SD. Jenis penelitian ini termasuk jenis penelitian quasi eksperimental dengan rancangan randomized pre-test and post-test control group design. Pada kelompok kontrol pembelajarannya dengan cara konvensional (tanpa intervensi ergonomi dan kelompok eksperimen dengan intervensi ergonomi. Intervensi ergonomi dalam pembelajaran sains mengacu pada pendekatan ergonomi (PE yakni gabungan antara SHIP dan TTG. Implementasi dari hal ini adalah melakukan perbaikan dan atau penataan terhadap instrumental input, environmental input dan porcess, sedangkan untuk di kelompok kontrol tidak dilakukan intervensi ergonomi, di mana kondisi instrumental input, environmental input dan process berlangsung secara konvensional. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara random. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney dengan taraf signifikansi 5 %. Simpulan dari hasil penelitian ini adalah (1 intervensi ergonomi dapat menurunkan keluhan muskuloskeletal siswa SD  (p < 0,05; (2 Hasil pengukuran dengan nordic body map pada kelompok kontrol terjadi keluhan pada otot pinggang (86,1%, otot pantat (86,1%, otot punggung (84,8%, otot lengan atas kiri (78,8%, otot lengan atas kanan (67,9%, otot siku kanan (78,2%, otot siku kiri (74,6%, paha kanan (76,9%, paha kiri (75,7%, otot betis kanan  (66,1%, otot betis kiri (64,2%, otot pergelangan kaki kanan (67,3%, dan otot pergelangan kaki kiri (65,5%. Dengan demikian dapat disarankan bahwa intervensi ergonomi dalam pembelajaran dengan menggunakan PE sebaiknya diterapkan dalam pembelajaran sains di SD karena telah terbukti dapat menurunkan keluhan muskuloskeletal.[MEDICINA 2009;40:11-20].  

  13. Hubungan antara Higiene Perorangan dengan Infeksi Cacing Usus (Soil Transmitted Helminths pada Siswa SDN 25 dan 28 Kelurahan Purus, Kota Padang, Sumatera Barat Tahun 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizka Yunidha Anwar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfeksi cacing usus (helminthiasis masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia yang prevalensinya lebih tinggi pada anak usia sekolah dasar (SD. Berdasarkan data Dinas Kesehatan Kota Padang, jumlah kasus infeksi cacing usus di Kota Padang tahun 2010 dilaporkan terbanyak kelima dari penyakit yang menyerang balita, yaitu sekitar 2.64%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan antara higiene perorangan siswa yaitu kebiasaan mencuci tangan, kebersihan kuku, penggunaan alas kaki dan kebiasaan mandi dengan infeksi cacing usus. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain observasional analitik dengan metode cross sectional  pada 122 murid kelas 1 sampai kelas 6 SDN 25 dan 28 Purus Kota Padang pada bulan Desember 2013. Hubungan antara variabel dianalisis dengan uji Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa angka infeksi kecacingan di Purus 38.5%, yang terinfeksi A.lumbricoides 33.6%, T.trichiura 7.4% dan cacing tambang 0.8%. Didapatkan nilai probabilitas untuk hubungan variabel kebiasaan mencuci tangan 0.235, kebersihan kuku 0.564, penggunaan alas kaki 0.133, dan kebiasaan mandi dengan infeksi cacing usus 0.753.  Kesimpulan studi ini ialah tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kebiasaan mencuci tangan, kebersihan kuku, penggunaan alas kaki dan kebiasaan mandi dengan infeksi cacing usus pada murid SDN 25 dan 28 Purus, Kota Padang tahun 2013. Kata kunci: higiene perorangan, infeksi cacing usus, siswa sekolah dasar, perilaku siswa AbstractIntestinal worm infection (helminthiasis is a public health problems in  Indonesia. Its prevalence is found higher on children. Based on data of Padang District Health Office, the prevalence of helminthiasis in Padang City at 2010 was reported the most 5th highest of disease that attacks toddler, it is about 2.64%. The objective of this study was to determine the relation between the student’s personal hygiene habits, such as washing hands, nail cleanliness, using footwear and bathing to

  14. The risk of varicose veins in standing female workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang:Varises sering terjadi pada karyawan yang harus bekerja dalam posisi kerja berdiri. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui beberapa faktor risiko terhadap varises tungkai dan atau kaki di antara pekerja perempuan. Metode:Penelitian potong lintang ini dilakukan pada Januari-Maret 2010. Sampel penelitian yang dipilih secara purposif yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi penelitian di antara pekerja perempuan perlu bekerja dalam  posisi  kerja  berdiri.  Data  dikumpulkan  dengan  wawancara,  pemeriksaan  fisik  dan  observasi posisi kerja berdiri. Pengolahan data untuk menentukan faktor dominan terhadap varises menggunakan pendekatan risiko relatif.Hasil:Dari 152 karyawan yang terdapat 111 yang bersedia mengikuti penelitian, dan yang menderita varises tungkai dan atau kaki sebanyak 52,3% (53 orang. Sebagian besar responden berusia 18-35 tahun, memiliki masa kerja 3-17 tahun, bekerja dalam posisi kerja banyak berdiri. Sebagian kecil responden memiliki riwayat varises di dalam keluarga (13,51%, memakai kontrasepsi oral (11,71%, memiliki kebiasaan olah raga (18,02% dan memakai sepatu hak tinggi (11,71%. Faktor umur, pemakaian kontrasepsi oral, pemakaian sepatu hak tinggi, kebiasaan olah raga, posisi kerja berdiri, tempat kerja, dan masa kerja tidak berhubungan dengan varises tungkai dan atau kaki. Karyawan yang mempunyai dibandingkan dengan yang tidak mempunyai riwayat keluarga varises, berisiko 69% lebih tinggi menderita varises [risiko relatif (RR = 1,69; P = 0.121]. Kesimpulan:Karyawan yang mempunyai riwayat keluarga varises berisiko lebih tinggi menderita varises. (Health Science Indones 2013;1:47-50 Kata kunci:varises, posisi kerja berdiriAbstractBackground: Varicose veins often occur in employees who have to work in a position of standing work. The purpose of this study to determine risk factors for varicose veins and leg or foot among women workers.Methods: In this cross-sectional study in January-March 2010 the

  15. PERANCANGAN KURSI PADA STASIUN KERJA GERINDA DI PT ASABA INDUSTRY

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    Triwulandari S. Dewayana

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merancang fasilitas kerja berupa  kursi yang dapat diatur ketinggiannya/posisinya sesuai dengan posisi tubuh  pekerja pada stasiun kerja gerinda untuk aktivitas menggerinda di PT Asaba Industry. Perancangan dilakukan melalui 4 tahapan yaitu : 1 identifikasi kebutuhan ; 2 menetapkan target dan spesifikasi; 3 mendesain rancangan kursi;  dan 4 memilih rancangan kursi. Pada tahap desain rancangan kursi diperoleh 64 rancangan, sedangkan hasil dari screening rancangan menunjukkan hanya 10 rancangan yang dapat dipertimbangkan lebih lanjut. Dari 10 rancangan terdapat 3 rancangan kursi yang terpilih melalui scoring sebagai alternatif yaitu rancangan 26,27 dan 28. Dengan menggunakan metode Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (Fuzzy AHP yang melibatkan para expert, yaitu Manejer Perusahaan, Pengawas Lantai Produksi dan pekerja pada bagian stasiun kerja gerinda diperoleh rancangan kursi yang terpilih adalah rancangan 28, yaitu kursi dengan bahan rangka besi, bahan dudukan kursi menggunakan busa, kaki kursi dapat diatur ketinggiannya, lengan kursi tidak ada, letak tempat peralatan kerja menempel pada dudukan kursi, dan memiliki pijakan kaki yang dapat diatur posisinya dengan bobot 48,1495 %. Adapun kriteria yang digunakan dalam pemilihan adalah kemudahan penggunaan, bahan, disain, kenyamanan, keamanan, dan biaya pembuatan. Kata Kunci : screening, scoring,  Fuzzy AHP   This study aims to design facilities of seats that can be set height / position with the position of the body workers working on the station to activity in PT. Industry Asaba. The design is done through 4 stages, namely: 1 Identify the needs: 2 Setting targets and specifications 3 Design chair design: and 4 Selecting a design chair. At the design stage of the design obtained 64 seats design, while the results of the draft bahwahanya 10 shows the design that can be considered further. 10 of the draft there are 3 chair design that was selected through a scoring

  16. Enhanced Microbial, Functional and Sensory Properties of Herbal Yogurt Fermented with Korean Traditional Plant Extracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joung, Jae Yeon; Lee, Ji Young; Ha, Young Sik; Shin, Yong Kook; Kim, Younghoon; Kim, Sae Hun; Oh, Nam Su

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of two Korean traditional plant extracts (Diospyros kaki THUNB. leaf; DK, and Nelumbo nucifera leaf; NN) on the fermentation, functional and sensory properties of herbal yogurts. Compared to control fermentation, all plant extracts increased acidification rate and reduced the time to complete fermentation (pH 4.5). Supplementation of plant extracts and storage time were found to influence the characteristics of the yogurts, contributing to increased viability of starter culture and phenolic compounds. In particular, the increase in the counts of Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus was highest (2.95 and 1.14 Log CFU/mL respectively) in DK yogurt. Furthermore, supplementation of the plant extracts significantly influenced to increase the antioxidant activity and water holding capacity and to produce volatile compounds. The higher antioxidant activity and water holding capacity were observed in NN yogurt than DK yogurt. Moreover, all of the sensory characteristics were altered by the addition of plant extracts. Addition of plant extracts increased the scores related to flavor, taste, and texture from plain yogurt without a plant extract, as a result of volatile compounds analysis. Thus, the overall preference was increased by plant extracts. Consequently, supplementation of DK and NN extracts in yogurt enhanced the antioxidant activity and physical property, moreover increased the acceptability of yogurt. These findings demonstrate the possibility of using plant extracts as a functional ingredient in the manufacture of herbal yogurt.

  17. UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIINFLAMASI FRAKSI AIR EKSTRAK DAUN SELEDRI (Apium graveolens L. PADA MENCIT JANTAN

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    Sapri

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman seledri (Apium graveolens L. memiliki potensi untuk dikembangkan menjadi obat antiinflamasi karena kandungan senyawa glikosida flavonoid yaitu apiin sehingga digunakan fraksi air karena lebih mudah tertarik pada fraksi air. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas fraksi air ekstrak daun seledri sebagai antiinflamasi pada mencit putih dengan menggunakan metode induksi karagenan pada telapak kaki serta mengetahui nilai ED50. Pengukuran aktivitas antiinflamasi digunakan 5 kelompok perlakuan hewan uji, kontrol (+ digunakan kalium diklofenak 50 mg, kontrol (- suspensi Na. CMC 0,5%, dosis I adalah 125mg/kgBB, dosis II adalah 250mg/kgBB dan dosis III adalah 500mg/kgBB. Dengan pengukuran setiap 30 menit selama 5 jam dengan alat pletismometer. Analisis data digunakan metode statistik One way ANOVAdengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% yang dilanjutkan dengan uji LSD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketiga dosis fraksi air ekstrak daun seledri memiliki aktivitas antiinflamasi. Pada menit ke-300 tidak terjadi perbedaan bermakna antara kontrol positif dengan dosis 500 mg/kgBB dengan persen inhibisi 86,04%. Dari perhitungan ED50 didapatkan hasil sebesar 100 mg/kgBB.

  18. HUBUNGAN SELF CARE DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS

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    Reny Chaidir

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia merupakan daerah terbanyak nomor dua penderita diabets melitus di kawasan Asia Tenggara dengan angka kejadian sebesar 9,116.03 kasus. Puskesmas Tigo Baleh angka kunjungan penderita diabetes melitus pada tahun 2015 mengalami peningkatan yaitu sebesar 408 kunjungan. Pasien diabetes melitus rentan mengalami komplikasi yang disebabkan oleh peningkatan kadar gula darah. Peningkatan kadar gula darah dapat dicegah dengan melakukan self care terdiri dari pengaturan diet, olah raga, terapi obat, perawatan kaki, dan pemantauan gula darah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan self care dengan kualitas hidup pasien diabetes mellitus. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional yang dilakukan terhadap 89 orang responden dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA dan kuesioner The Diabetes Quality of Life Brief Clinical Inventory. Hasil penelitian ini menggunakan uji product moment (pearson correlation, diperoleh nilai r = 0.432. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan antara self care dengan kualitas hidup pasien diabetes melitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tigo Baleh yang berbanding lurus dan memiliki tingkat korelasi yang sedang. Terdapat faktor yang mempengaruhi korelasi dengan kualitas hidup. Diharapkan agar pasien diabetes melitus dapat meningkatkan aktivitas self care sehingga dapat menjalankan kehidupan secara normal.

  19. PERENCANAAN DAN PERANCANGAN TAMAN WISATA KULINER DI KABUPATEN ENREKANG

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    Burhanuddin Burhanuddin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak_ Potensi kuliner Kabupaten Enrekang menjadi perhatian pemerintah terhadap pengembangan  pariwisata sangat  besar  terutama pada jalur menuju Tanatoraja. Maka diperlukan sebuah perancangan taman wisata kuliner di Enrekang. Metode yang digunakan ialah metode desktriptif melalui studi literatur, studi preseden, dan studi lapangan dengan melakukan survey langsung ke lapangan untuk mengamati dan menganalisis lingkungan sekitar tapak. Perancangan menggunakan konsep Arsitektur Kontemporer berupa konsep  perancangan  dalam  merancang  kawasan  taman wisata kuliner, terdiri dari: zoning/ peruntukan lahan (land use, bentuk dan massa bangunan (building from and massing, sirkulasi dan parkir (circulation and parking, jalur pejalan kaki (pedestrian ways, ruang terbuka (open space, dan penanda (signage. Kata kunci : Wisata Kuliner, Konsep Koneporer, Enrekang.   Abstract_Culinery’s Potency in Enrekang Regency is the government's attention to the enormous tourism development especially on the path to go to Tanatoraja. In this case, it is needed a design of culinary tourism area in Enrekang. The method used is descriptive method through literature study, precedent study, and field study by conducting direct survey to the field to observe and analyze the environment around the site. The design using the concept of Contemporary Architecture includedof design concept in designing culinary tourism area, consists of: zoning / land use (land use, shape and building mass (building from and massing, circulation and parking (circulation and parking, pedestrian path (pedestrian ways, open space (space, and signage (signage. Keywords: Culinary Tour, Concept of Koneporer, Enrekang.

  20. PENULARAN FILARIASIS DI PEMUKIMAN TRANSMIGRASI KUMPEH, JAMBI DITINJAU DARI ASPEK SOSIO ANTROPOLOGI

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    M. Sudomo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Study on the socio-cultural aspects in relation to filariasis transmission dynamics was carried out in the transmigration area of Kumpeh, Iambi. In this study a number of 266 respondents originated from Java were interviewed. Beside interview by using questionnaires, focus group discussions and observation were also implemented. From this study it was known that the word "filariasis" seemed to be unpopular among the transmigrants. They used to called the disease untut or penyakit kaki gajah. A great number of the respondents stated that the disease is transmitted through mosquito bites, but they did not know the mode of the transmission. A small number of the respondents were of the opinion that the disease was hereditary and this knowledge was adopted from the local inhabitants. The attitude of the respondents towards filariasis control measures was positive, and it was shown among others, by their willingness to be bled for filariasis examination. Their behaviour in its connection with filariasis transmission was not supportive towards filariasis control e.g. they used to stay in the ladang, and chat outdoor during the night without protection against mosquito bites. From this study it was also known that they exposed themselves to the mosquito bites mainly in the ladang when they take guard of their crops from pests damages. Their low education affected their perception towards filariasis and will hamper health education on filariasis control.

  1. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ENCENG GONDOK (Eichornia crassipes TERFERMENTASI DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP PERSENTASE KARKAS, NON-KARKAS, DAN LEMAK ABDOMINAL ITIK LOKAL JANTAN UMUR DELAPAN MINGGU

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    Ratih Dewanti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan enceng gondok terfermentasi terhadap bobot potong, bobot karkas, persentase karkas, non-karkas, dan lemak abdominal. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL pola searah. Perlakuan meliputi: P0 (ransum basal; P1 (ransum basal + 2,5% enceng gondok terfermentasi; P2 (ransum basal + 5% enceng gondok terfermentasi; P3 (ransum basal + 7,5% enceng gondok terfermentasi; dan P4 (ransum basal + 10% enceng gondok terfermentasi. Hasil penelitian dari kelima perlakuan diperoleh nilai rerata bobot potong 1261,97 g; persentase karkas 53,22%; persentase sayap 16,03%; paha 28,68%; dada 20,58%, dan punggung 24,71%. Rerata persentase non-karkas berturut – turut adalah kepala 15,22%; kaki 2,68%; hati 2,21%; jantung 0,72%; empedal 4,74%; dan lemak abdominal 0,63%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan enceng gondok terfermentasi dalam ransum sampai tingkat 10% tidak berpengaruh terhadap bobot potong, persentase karkas, non-karkas, dan lemak abdominal itik lokal jantan umur delapan minggu. (Kata kunci: Itik lokal jantan, Enceng gondok terfermentasi, Karkas, Non-karkas, Lemak abdominal

  2. RESPON DAN KOPING PASIEN DM POST AMPUTASI

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    Candra Kusuma Negara

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Penyakit DM merupakan masalah kesehatan yang sangat penting karena berkaitan dengan tingginya kejadian komplikasi dan mortalitas yang tinggi. Bagi kebanyakan orang penyakit DM adalah suatu penyakit yang sangat mengkhawatirkan dan masyarakat sadar akan besarnya potensi bahaya yang ditimbulkannya. Bagi individu yang menderita DM dengan pasca amputasi, kehidupan selanjutnya merupakan babak baru yang penuh tantangan dan perubahan serta akan melalui proses koping terhadap proses perubahan tersebut. Secara umum penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi berbagai pengalaman pasien DM pasca amputasi tentang respon dan koping yang dialaminya. Penelitian ini menggunakan studi fenomenologi. Pengambilan data menggunakan indepth interview pada empat orang partisipan yang dirawat jalan di Poli kaki diabetic RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin yang dilengkapi dengan pedoman wawancara dan informed consent. Metode analisis yang terstruktur dari Creswell menjadi 6 langkah. Terdapat 2 Tema yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini yaitu berbagai respon post amputasi dan Berbagai koping pasien DM post amputasi. Berbagai respon post amputasi terdiri dari tiga Sub-Tema yaitu: (1 Mengalami hambatan fisik, (2 Mengalami perubahan peran, (3 Mengalami proses berduka, dan Terdapat empat Sub-Tema yang menggambarkan berbagai koping pasien DM post amputasi yaitu: (1 Lebih banyak beribadah, (2 Menerima keadaan, (3 Motivasi yang kuat, (4 Mencari dukungan sosial.

  3. NUTRITION ANEMIA AND PHYSICAL ENDURANCE AMONG CIVIL CONSTRUCTION WORKERS

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    Darwin Karyadi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penyelidikan ini adalah untuk membuktikan suatu hypothesa bahwa ada pengaruh dari keadaan gizi dan kesehatan terhadap kemampuan bekerja para pekerja. Sejumlah 571 pekerja laki-laki telah dipilih dari tiga daerah tempat bekerja yaitu : Rentang, Seladarma (pembuatan canalj Halim Perdanakusuma (pembuatan lapangan terbang Didapatkan bahwa seluruh pekerja mempunyai nilai gizi yang borderline dan tidak ada perbedaan didalam keadaan fisik mereka, namun masih terdapat rata-rata 30 percent menderita anemia. Anemia banyak disertai dengan rendahnya kadar Iron darah pada pekerja di Rentang dan Seladarma hal ini tidak terdapat pada pekerja di Halim. (Table 4. Mengenai infeksi cacing terutama cacing tambang maka diseluruh pekerja menderita infeksi cacing tersebut tingkat pertama yaitu infeksi ringan yang tidak akan mempengaruhi keadaan fisik kecuali hanya kekurangan Iron didalam darah. Untuk mengetahui kemampuan bekerja maka telah dipakai Harvard Step Test Scores selama 5 menit. Dan ternyata bila pekerja-pekerja tersebut dibagi dua group yaitu yang diatas dan yang dibawah nilai Hb. 11 Gm/100 ml maka terdapat perbedaan yang menyolok sekali atas kemampuan pekerja tersebut didalam melakukan test fisik. Hal ini sesuai dengan penyelidikan Veteri. Perlu juga disini diketahui bahwa pekerja berasal dari Rentang dan Seladarma lebih banyak menggunakan tenaga kaki oleh karena selalu naik dan turun canal. Kesimpulan penyelidikan ini adalah adanya pengaruh yang positip antara faktor makanan dan infeksi cacing dengan kemampuan bekerja yang dewasa ini amat diperlukan didalam pembangunan negara.

  4. Evidence that the Ceratobasidium-like white-thread blight and black rot fungal pathogens from persimmon and tea crops in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest agroecosystem are two distinct phylospecies

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    Paulo C. Ceresini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The white-thread blight and black rot (WTBR caused by basidiomycetous fungi of the genus Ceratobasidium is emerging as an important plant disease in Brazil, particularly for crop species in the Ericales such as persimmon (Diospyros kaki and tea (Camellia sinensis. However, the species identity of the fungal pathogen associated with either of these hosts is still unclear. In this work, we used sequence variation in the internal transcribed spacer regions, including the 5.8S coding region of rDNA (ITS-5.8S rDNA, to determine the phylogenetic placement of the local white-thread-blight-associated populations of Ceratobasidium sp. from persimmon and tea, in relation to Ceratobasidium species already described world-wide. The two sister populations of Ceratobasidium sp. from persimmon and tea in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest agroecosystem most likely represent distinct species within Ceratobasidium and are also distinct from C. noxium, the etiological agent of the first description of white-thread blight disease that was reported on coffee in India. The intraspecific variation for the two Ceratobasidium sp. populations was also analyzed using three mitochondrial genes (ATP6, nad1 and nad2. As reported for other fungi, variation in nuclear and mitochondrial DNA was incongruent. Despite distinct variability in the ITS-rDNA region these two populations shared similar mitochondrial DNA haplotypes.

  5. Evidence that the Ceratobasidium-like white-thread blight and black rot fungal pathogens from persimmon and tea crops in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest agroecosystem are two distinct phylospecies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceresini, Paulo C; Costa-Souza, Elaine; Zala, Marcello; Furtado, Edson L; Souza, Nilton L

    2012-04-01

    The white-thread blight and black rot (WTBR) caused by basidiomycetous fungi of the genus Ceratobasidium is emerging as an important plant disease in Brazil, particularly for crop species in the Ericales such as persimmon (Diospyros kaki) and tea (Camellia sinensis). However, the species identity of the fungal pathogen associated with either of these hosts is still unclear. In this work, we used sequence variation in the internal transcribed spacer regions, including the 5.8S coding region of rDNA (ITS-5.8S rDNA), to determine the phylogenetic placement of the local white-thread-blight-associated populations of Ceratobasidium sp. from persimmon and tea, in relation to Ceratobasidium species already described world-wide. The two sister populations of Ceratobasidium sp. from persimmon and tea in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest agroecosystem most likely represent distinct species within Ceratobasidium and are also distinct from C. noxium, the etiological agent of the first description of white-thread blight disease that was reported on coffee in India. The intraspecific variation for the two Ceratobasidium sp. populations was also analyzed using three mitochondrial genes (ATP6, nad1 and nad2). As reported for other fungi, variation in nuclear and mitochondrial DNA was incongruent. Despite distinct variability in the ITS-rDNA region these two populations shared similar mitochondrial DNA haplotypes.

  6. Enhanced Microbial, Functional and Sensory Properties of Herbal Yogurt Fermented with Korean Traditional Plant Extracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joung, Jae Yeon; Lee, Ji Young; Ha, Young Sik; Shin, Yong Kook; Kim, Younghoon; Kim, Sae Hun; Oh, Nam Su

    2016-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of two Korean traditional plant extracts (Diospyros kaki THUNB. leaf; DK, and Nelumbo nucifera leaf; NN) on the fermentation, functional and sensory properties of herbal yogurts. Compared to control fermentation, all plant extracts increased acidification rate and reduced the time to complete fermentation (pH 4.5). Supplementation of plant extracts and storage time were found to influence the characteristics of the yogurts, contributing to increased viability of starter culture and phenolic compounds. In particular, the increase in the counts of Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus was highest (2.95 and 1.14 Log CFU/mL respectively) in DK yogurt. Furthermore, supplementation of the plant extracts significantly influenced to increase the antioxidant activity and water holding capacity and to produce volatile compounds. The higher antioxidant activity and water holding capacity were observed in NN yogurt than DK yogurt. Moreover, all of the sensory characteristics were altered by the addition of plant extracts. Addition of plant extracts increased the scores related to flavor, taste, and texture from plain yogurt without a plant extract, as a result of volatile compounds analysis. Thus, the overall preference was increased by plant extracts. Consequently, supplementation of DK and NN extracts in yogurt enhanced the antioxidant activity and physical property, moreover increased the acceptability of yogurt. These findings demonstrate the possibility of using plant extracts as a functional ingredient in the manufacture of herbal yogurt. PMID:27499669

  7. Gambaran Respon Anak Usia Prasekolah dalam Menjalani Proses Transfusi

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    Meila Sabridatia Putri

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Tindakan transfusi darah yang dilakukan pada anak usia prasekolah yang mengalami talasemia membuat anak merasa terancam. Hal ini ditunjukkan oleh anak dengan berbagai respon (kognitif, afektif, fisiologis, perilaku dan sosial anak prasekolah dalam menjalani proses transfusi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui gambaran respon kognitif, afektif, fisiologis, perilaku dan sosial pada anak usia prasekolah dalam menjalani proses transfusi di Poli Talasemia RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan sample sebanyak 50 orang selama periode 3–13 Juni 2014 diambil dengan teknik insidental sampling. Hasil penelitianini dianalisis dengan menggunakan rumus distribusi frekuensiPenelitian yang sudah dilakukan, didapatkan hasil respon yang paling banyak ditunjukkan oleh anak prasekolah ketika proses transfusi berlangsung adalah hampir seluruhnya menunjukkan respon sosial (84% dengan jenis respon terbanyak ialah meminta dukungan emosional pada orang yang bermakna, hampir seluruhnya menunjukkan respon afektif (74% dengan jenis respon terbanyak adalah mengeluarkan ekspresi verbal, sebagian besar menunjukkan respon perilaku (66% dengan jenis respon terbanyak adalah memukul-mukulkan lengan dan kaki dan juga respon kognitif (72% dengan jenis respon terbanyak gelisah, dan hampir setengahnya dari responden menunjukkan respon fisiologis (34% dengan jenis respon terbanyak bernapas cepat. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah bahwa presentase respon terbesar yang dikeluarkan oleh anak usia prasekolah berupa respon sosial dengan jenis meminta dukungan emosional pada orang bermakna. Saran bagi instansi pendidikan dan rumah sakit untuk bisa berkontribusi mengembangkan asuhan keperawatan pada orang yang paling dekat pada anak sebelum tindakan invasif.

  8. UJI EFEK ANALGETIK EKSTRAK METANOL DAUN MANGGA ARUM MANIS (Mangifera indica L. Var. Arum manis TERHADAP MENCIT PUTIH BETINA

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    Mhd Riza Marjoni

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan tanaman sebagai salah satu bahan pengobatan di Indonesia sudah dikenal sejak lama dan sampai sekarang masih banyak dilakukan oleh masyarakat secara luas. Mangga varietas arumanis yang merupakan produk asli Indonesia merupakan salah satudari tanaman tersebut yang telah digunakan secara tradisional oleh masyarakat untuk meredakan rasa nyeri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek analgetik dari ekstrak methanol daun mangga arumanis menggunakan 3 variasi dosis.Penelitian ini menggunakan 15 ekor mencit putih betina sebagai hewan uji yang dikelompokan menjadi 5 kelompok. Kelompok pertama diberi obat analgetik tramadol sebagai kontrol positif, kelompok kedua diberi aquades sebagai kontrol negatif, dan kelompok ketiga sampai kelima diberi ekstrak methanol daun mangga arumanis dengan 3 variasi dosis 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg setiap 0,5 ml secara oral.  Pengamatan yang dilakukan terhadap hewan uji adalah respon berupa melompat dan atau menjilat kaki sebelum perlakuan, dan pada menit ke-30, 60, 90, 120 setelah diberi rangsangan nyeri berupa suhu panas 55 0 C menggunakan metoda hot plate. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketiga dosis ektrak metanol daun mangga arum manis memiliki efek analgesik pada mencit putih betina

  9. Diospyrobezoar as a Cause of Small Bowel Obstruction

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    Andréia Padilha de Toledo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Phytobezoar, a concretion of indigestible fibers derived from ingested vegetables and fruits, is the most common type of bezoar. Diospyrobezoar is a subtype of phytobezoar formed after excessive intake of persimmons (Diospyros kaki. We report the case of a diabetic man with a 5-day history of abdominal pain after massive ingestion of persimmons who developed signs of complicated small bowel obstruction. The patient had a previous history of Billroth II hemigastrectomy associated with truncal vagotomy to treat a chronic duodenal ulcer 14 years earlier. Since intestinal obstruction was suspected, he underwent emergency laparotomy that revealed an ileal obstruction with small bowel perforation and local peritonitis due to a phytobezoar that was impacted 15 cm above the ileocecal valve. After segmental intestinal resection, the patient had a good recovery and was discharged on the 6th postoperative day. This report provides evidence that diospyrobezoar should be considered as a possible cause of small bowel obstruction in patients who have previously undergone gastric surgery.

  10. KOREA SYDENHAM DAN KARDITIS TERSEMBUNYI PADA SEORANG ANAK PEREMPUAN USIA 9 TAHUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Ayu Widyanti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Korea Sydenham adalah bentuk paling umum dari gerakan korea yang diperoleh pada masa kanak-kanak, dan  merupakan salah satu kriteria diagnostik utama demam rematik. Korea Sydenham ditandai dengan gerakan involunter yang menghilang saat tidur, ketidakstabilan emosional, dan hipotonia. Kasus adalah anak perempuan berumur 9 tahun dengan gerakan coreatic (gerakan involunter pada lengan dan kaki. Gerakan tersebut juga ditemukan pada lidah sehingga pasien sulit untuk berbicara. Pasien juga memiliki ketidakstabilan emosi, dan kelemahan otot. Riwayat trauma disangkal.  Pada pemeriksaan fisik ditemukan murmur di daerah apex jantung, holosistolik, derajat  2/6, meniup, dan menyebar sepanjang aksila. Pada echocardiography didapatkan  regurgitasi mitral moderat (MR dan regurgitasi aorta (AR karena karditis. Diagnosisnya adalah Korea Sydenham dan karditis. Pasien  diterapi dengan erythomicin 250 mg empat kali sehari selama 10 hari, dan eritromisin 250 mg oral dua kali sehari untuk profilaksis. Untuk terapi simtomatik diberikan haloperidol 2 mg dua kali sehari dan trihexyphenidil 0.5 mg tiga kali sehari. Respon terapi dan prognosis baik. (MEDICINA 2012;43:54-59.

  11. Possessive pour in the French Lexicon of the Ivory Coast and Language Contact

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    Akissi Boutin, Béatrice

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Any variationist study of Ivory Coast French needs to take into account sociolinguistic considerations and systemic features of other contact languages. For instance, there is a specific usage of pour against which the interference hypothesis can easily be tested:FI: Le kaki que je porte présentement, c'est pour un bachelier qui me l'a laissé avant de partir en fac, cadeau. (Lafage 2003: 676. Avant de te moquer du linge de ta voisine, regarde si pour toi est propre..In Ivory Coast French, pour (N/Pro can display a variety of functions: it can be part of associative predications, it can stand for genitive phrases in an anaphoric construction, make reference to an object in relation with another and participate in various idiomatic expressions.This paper has a twofold objective. First, I argue that pour (N/Pro constructions has to be analysed as an empty headed "associative" noun phrase. Second, I will show the relevance of extra- AND intersystemic factors in accounting for language variation. Incidentally, the use of pour (N/Pro constructions seems to be conditioned by the availability of similar constructions in other Ivory Coast languages on the one hand, such as baoule (o liε or dioula (à tá, and, cultural needs on the other.

  12. Peningkatan Efisiensi LKMS Inklusif Melalui Skim Pembiayaan Mikro Takaful Untuk PKL Surabaya

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    Arin Setiyowati

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Surabaya sebagai kota metropolis kedua di Indonesia, isu terkait tenaga kerja informal khususnya pedagang kaki lima merupakan salah satu isu abadi yang sangat kompleks untuk diselesaikan. Satu hal yang perlu digarisbawahi adalah PKL menjadi salah satu solusi alternatif dalam mengurangi angka pengangguran di Surabaya sebagai kota urban. Sehingga wajar saja kalau PKL layak mendapatkan jamsostek (jaminan sosial ketenagakerjaan, mengingat tempat kerjanya yang rentan kecelakaan kerja dan jaminan hari tua untuk keluarga mereka. Sementara UU SJSN dan jamsostek maupun  UU pelaksana lainnya belum secara signifikan menganggarkan untuk mereka. Sehingga perlu segera diadakan skim coverage baru yang diinisiasi oleh lembaga non pemerintah untuk jamsostek PKL. Melalui Lembaga keuangan mikro syariah (LKMS dengan karakter inklusifitasnya, maka salah satunya BMT mengadakan skim pembiayaan mikrotakaful untuk tenaga kerja informal, khususnya PKL dalam rangka coverage kecelakaan kerja dan jaminan hari tua. Dengan menggunakan metode penelitian PAR (Partisipation Action Research dengan PKL-PKL di sentra PKL yang sudah disediakan oleh Pemkot Surabaya maupun yang masih liar, dan dari pihak LKMS. Sehingga diharapkan dari penelitian ini mampu menjadi new inside dalam Islamic Economic science dan menjadi solusi alternatif mewujudkan kesejahteraan umat.

  13. JALUR SEPEDA SEBAGAI BAGIAN DARI SISTEM TRANSPORTASI KOTA YANG BERWAWASAN LINGKUNGAN

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    A Artiningsih

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Menciptakan kota berwawasan lingkungan dapat diupayakan dengan mengurangi volume kendaraan, misalnya melalui penggunaan angkutan umum massal atau penggunaan kendaraan ramah lingkungan. Penggunaan sepeda sebagai kendaraan ramah lingkungan di Jakarta, telah diinisiasi oleh komunitas yang menerapkan gaya hidup berwawasan lingkungan, misalnya komunitas B2W (Bike to Work. Sepeda menjadi pilihan menarik karena biaya operasionalnya yang murah, dan kesanggupan memperpendek waktu tempuh di jalanan yang macet, serta kemampuannya bermanuver di sela-sela kendaraan lain. Namun sekarang ini jalur khusus sepeda, maupun lahan parkir khusus sepeda di per-kotaan masih terbatas. Akibatnya, muncul ancaman terhadap keselamatan pengguna sepeda, karena harus berkendara pada kondisi jalan tanpa pemisah jalur kendaraan bermotor dan tidak bermotor. Akibatnya ada okupansi pedestrian menjadi jalur sepeda, yang akhirnya mengancam keselamatan pe-jalan kaki. Banyak hal patut dipertanyakan. Apa urgensi jalur sepeda pada pengembangan infratruktur jalan di perkotaan? Apakah kemudian upaya pengembangan jalur sepeda tidak akan menjadi hal yang kontra produktif dalam penataan ruang? Mengingat, penciptaan kota berkelanjutan melalui perenca-naan dan pengelolaan sistem transportasi baru efektif jika terintegrasi dengan strategi pengelolaan penggunaan lahan dan lingkungan. Alokasi jalur sepeda di perkotaan bukanlah upaya yang berdiri sendiri, namun harus menjadi salah satu bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dari rangkaian strategi pem-bangunan berkelanjutan yang dilakukan secara simultan.

  14. Studies on the effect of environmental conditions and gamma rays on the capability of certain plant pathogenic fungi to produce the enzyme degrading tannic acid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daigham, Gh.E.E.

    2011-01-01

    Tannins (polyphenols and catechins) are distributed in species throughout the plant kingdom. They are commonly found in both gymnosperms as well as angiosperms. Histologically tannins are mainly physically located in the vacuoles or surface wax of plants. These storage sites keep tannins active against plant predators. Tannins themselves are found principally in the bark, leaves and immature fruits of a wide range of plants. They form complexes with proteins and other plant polymers such as polysaccharides. It is thought that the role of tannins in nature is one of the plant defense mechanisms. They have an astringent, aversive taste that is off-putting to wannabe herbivores. As an animal or insect begins to munch on plant tissues, the tannins are released from cellular compartments and bind with the proteins and other cell components, making them taste unpleasant and rather indigestible. Tannins are found in many foods and drinks such as tea plant, pomegranates, persimmons (kaki), berries (especially cranberries, strawberries and blueberries), nuts (especially hazelnuts, walnuts and pecans), beer, herbs and spices (especially cloves, tarragon, cumin, thyme, vanilla and cinnamon), legumes (especially red colored beans) and chocolate (6% tannins). It is worth to mention that apple juices, grape juices and berry juices are all high in tannins. Sometimes tannins are even added to juices to create a more astringent feel to the taste

  15. Teores de carboidratos em órgãos lenhosos do caquizeiro em clima tropical Carbohydrate content in persimmon tree woody organs in tropical climate

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    Carlos Eduardo Corsato

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Nas fruteiras caducifólias, o metabolismo de carboidratos constitui-se no principal mecanismo que garante a sua sobrevivência no período de dormência, estando, também, relacionado ao seu potencial produtivo em safras subseqüentes. Conhecer a forma como a planta utiliza esses carboidratos durante o seu desenvolvimento é um passo importante para o entendimento das suas relações fonte-dreno e para fundamentar algumas práticas de manejo, como a poda e o raleio de frutos. Caracterizar a variação dos teores de amido e de carboidratos solúveis totais em órgãos lenhosos do caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki L., no decorrer do seu desenvolvimento fenológico, foi o objeto de investigação do presente estudo. O trabalho foi conduzido em um pomar de caquizeiros localizado na área experimental da Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" (ESALQ, em Piracicaba, Estado de São Paulo, durante o ciclo 2002/2003. A fenologia das plantas foi caracterizada pelo período de ocorrência e duração do alongamento dos ramos, florescimento, desenvolvimento dos frutos e das folhas e do abortamento natural de frutos. A variação dos teores desses carboidratos em ramos e em raízes foi analisada tendo por base os diferentes estádios fenológicos. Ocorreram variações significativas no teor desses carboidratos no período de estudo. A mobilização do amido nos ramos teve grande importância na sustentação de um novo ciclo de brotações. O maior consumo de amido ocorreu durante a abscisão foliar, e a reposição no seu estoque, nos ramos e nas raízes ocorreu, principalmente, entre o florescimento e a abscisão foliar.In deciduous fruit trees, the carbohydrate's metabolism are recognized as the main mechanism that ensures their survival during the rest period. Besides it, the very same metabolism is related to the productive potential in subsequent harvest seasons. Knowing how the plants use those carbohydrates during their development and growth is

  16. Mode Choice of Undergraduates : A Case Study of Lecture Trips in Nigeria.

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    Moses Olaniran Olawole

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Travel behavior and determinants of mode choice of university students in Nigeria are neither well understood nor well represented in literature. This study model is modal choice of undergraduates, using data from students travel survey and logistic regression to determine factors influence modal choice of undergraduate students in Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The results indicate that walking dominate modes for on-campus and commercial bus for off-campus students, while motorcycles taxi is used by few of the sample. Mode choices are influenced by a combination of socio-economic and trip factors. A key finding is extent that these variables positively affect the odds of using walk and commercial bus modes especially with reference to student residence: on and off-campus.  The results suggest investment in pedestrian infrastructure and development of intermodal transport system as a means of making the university livable and attractive. Abstrak Kebiaasaan perjalanan dan penentu moda dari mahasiswa di Nigeria tidak juga dipahami dengan baik atau dijelaskan dalam literatur. Model penelitian ini adalah pemilihan moda mahasiswa menggunakan data dari survei perjalanan mahasiswa dan regresi logistik untuk menentukan faktor penyebab pilihan moda dari mahasiswa di Universitas Obafemi Awolowo, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Hasilnya menunjukkan berjalan mendominasi pilihan untuk ke kampus dan kendaraan bus umum untuk mahasiswa di luar kampus, sementara sepeda motor taksi digunakan oleh beberapa sample. Pilihan cara dipengaruhi oleh kombinasi dari sosial-ekonomi dan faktor kunjungan. Inti penelitian adalah luasnya variabel positif mempengaruhi peluang dari berjalan dan kendaraan bus umum terutama rujukan ke asrama mahasiswa, dalam maupun luar kampus. Hasil penelitian menyarankan investasi pada infrastruktur pejalan kaki dan pengembangan dari sistem transportasi antarmoda sebagai sarana membuat universitas layak huni dan menarik.

  17. PENGGUNAAN METODE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS DALAM MENGANALISA FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMILIHAN MODA KE KAMPUS

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    Kardi Teknomo

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Limitation of parking spaces in Petra Christian University need to be solved by deterring private cars usage. However, the factors that affect students to choose their mode to campus are unknown. Determination of factors that influence mode choices may support alternatives and policy that could be proposed. Analytic Hierarchy Process was used to analyze the factors. Trips characteristics data of the students was collected by questionnaires interview. The results of the analysis show that the main factors that influence student to choose their mode to campus is security (49,3% and time (27,3%. Walking from student dormitory was the best alternative (33.2%, while carpool (16% is slightly lower than private cars usage (18%. Vanpool (12.4% is lower than carpool. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Lahan parkir di Universitas Kristen Petra yang terbatas, memerlukan solusi alternatif yang mengalihkan penggunaan kendaraan pribadi. Permasalahannya, faktor-faktor apa yang menyebabkan mahasiswa memilih menggunakan mobil pribadi daripada alternatif moda yang lain belum diketahui. Dengan menentukan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pemilihan moda, serta besar pengaruhnya, berbagai alternatif dan kebijakan untuk menurunkan kebutuhan akan lahan parkir, dapat diusulkan dengan lebih efektif. Metoda Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP dapat dipergunakan untuk menentukan faktor-faktor pemilihan moda. Data karakteristik perjalanan dilakukan dengan wawancara berkuisioner kepada mahasiswa Universitas Kristen Petra yang mempunyai kemungkinan untuk melakukan pilihan terhadap alternatif-alternatif moda yang ada. Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa faktor utama yang mempengaruhi pemilihan moda untuk berangkat kuliah adalah faktor keamanan (49,3% dan faktor waktu (27,3%. Ditinjau dari berbagai faktor, alternatif jalan kaki dari pondokan merupakan alternatif yang terbaik (33,2%, sedangkan carpool (16%, sedikit lebih rendah daripada penggunaan mobil pribadi (18%. Angkutan kampus (antar

  18. Sistem Informasi Penjualan Boneka Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus: Asrama Boneka Unilak

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    Eddis Syahputra Pane

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSistem penjualan boneka di asrama boneka selama ini dilakukan dengan cara bekerja sama dengan toko-toko boneka dan pedagang boneka di kaki lima yang membutuhkan waktu yang lama dalam memasarkan boneka tersebut sehingga dinilai kurang efektif dan efesien. Lambatnya perkembangan penjualan karena kurangnya promosi Asrama Boneka kepada masyarakat sehingga tidak semua kalangan masyarakat mengenal perusahaan ini. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan suatu sistem infomasi penjualan berbasis web atau internet yang dapat membantu dalam memasarkan boneka sehingga transaksi penjualan dapat dilakukan dengan cepat dimana saja dan kapan saja oleh semua kalangan masyarakat. Tujuan pembangunan sistem informasi penjualan boneka ini adalah untuk memberikan informasi tentang boneka yang dipasarkan secara detail kepada calon pembeli sehingga mempermudah calon pembeli mendapatkan informasi yang dibutuhkan; lebih memperkenalkan  asrama boneka kepada semua kalangan masyarakat sehingga dapat memperluas jangkauan pemasaran dengan tujuan dapat meningkatkan penjualan. Kata kunci: Sistem Informasi Penjualan, Web Abstract Sales system in a dorm dolls doll has been done by working together with shops and traders stuffed doll in the sidewalk that takes a long time in the doll market that is considered less effective and efficient. The slow development of sales due to lack of promotion Dormitory doll to the public so that not all people know this company. Therefore needed a web-based sales information system or the internet that can help in marketing the doll so that the transaction can be done quickly anywhere and anytime by all circles of society. The development objective of this doll sales information system is to provide information about the dolls marketed in detail to prospective buyers making it easier for potential buyers to get the information needed; introduce boarding doll to all the community so that it can expand your marketing reach with the aim to increase

  19. Musik Internal dan Eksternal dalam Kesenian Randai

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    Sri Rustiyanti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Kehidupan musik pada masyarakat Minangkabau tidak terlepas adanya peranan serta fungsi yang melekat pada kesenian Randai. Melalui pendekatan etnomusikologi, tulisan ini menelaah peranan musik internal dan eksternal dalam kesenian Randai. Kesenian ini menggunakan medium seni ganda atau kolektif karena didukung oleh beberapa cabang seni antara lain tari, musik, teater, sastra, dan rupa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa musik iringan dalam Randai terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu musik internal dan musik eksternal. Musik internal adalah musik atau bunyi-bunyian yang berasal dari anggota tubuh manusia (penari, misalnya tepukan tangan, petik jari, tepuk dada, siulan, hentakan kaki ke tanah dan sebagainya, sedangkan musik eksternal adalah bunyi-bunyian atau suara yang berasal dari alat musik atau instrumen seperti talempong, gandang, saluang, dan rabab.   The Role of Internal and External Music in the Arts of Randai. The musical life in Minangkabau society is inseparable from its roles and functions which attach to the arts of Randai. Through the ethnomusicology approach, this paper examines the role of internal and external music in the art of Randai. Considering its sustainability and amendment, the musicality is the identity of Minangkabau society so that the sustainability of the music can be run in accordance with the dynamics of society today. Among the types of arts in Minangkabau, Randai is an art form that uses multiple or collective art medium for it is supported by several branches of the arts, including dance, music, theater arts, literary arts, and fine arts. The results of this study is more focused on the art of music. Musical accompaniment in Randai is divided into two, namely internal and external music. The internal music is the music or the sounds that come from the human body (a dancer, for example, clapping, finger picking, patting the chest, whistling, stomping on the ground, and so on, while the external music is the sounds

  20. Population density of mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) on fruit orchards in south Baghdad

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khalaf, M. Z.; Shbar, A. K.; Naher, F. H.; Jabo, N. F.; Abdulhamza, B. H.; Abod, R. S.

    2012-12-01

    In the recent years the mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata distributed in the orchards of central Iraq and caused highly economic losses. This study was conducted in orchards in South Baghdad during 2009 and 2010 and made field survey of the insect in four types of orchards (Citrus, Apricot, Figs and Citrus and A mixture of fruit trees) and used for this purpose tephri traps supplied with Q-Lure and dimethyl dichlorovinyl phosphate (DDVP). The present preliminary study has shown that the Mediterranean fruit fly C.capitata has a year round presence in fruit orchards in central Iraq and reached its highest numerical density of the pest in citrus orchards during November and December were 345 and 363 insect / Trap per month in citrus orchards and the least numerical density during of January and February while the highest numerical density of the insect in orchards of orchards of apricot in Mrch 2010, Figs and Citrus in August 2009 and a Mixture of fruit trees in November 2009 were 45, 116, 311 Insect/ trap per month respectively. The population density of the pest was highest beginning 2010 compared with 2009 , but the high temperature degree (46 - o 5 2) in August 2010 caused a decrease in population density of this pest. C.capitata caused highly economic losses in citrus reaching 68, 71, 82% of the Mandarin, Kaki, Apricot fruits respectively. Currently in Iraq no control method to reduce the economic losses caused by this pest except the use of pesticides GF-120. Therefore, results of this study could be of benefit for orcharch owners when applying an integrated program for controlling fruit fly pests. (Author)

  1. Native and introduced host plants of Anastrepha fraterculus and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northwestern Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovruski, Sergio; Schliserman, Pablo; Aluja, Martín

    2003-08-01

    Wild or commercially grown, native and exotic fruit were collected in 30 localities in the Tucumán province (NW Argentina) from January 1990 to December 1995 to determine their status as hosts of Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) and/or Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), the only two fruit fly species of economic and quarantine importance in Argentina. A total of 84,094 fruit (3,466.1 kg) representing 33 species (7 native and 26 exotic) in 15 plant families were sampled. We determined the following 17 host plant associations: Annona cherimola Miller (Annonaceae), Citrus paradisi Macfadyn (Rutaceae), Diospyros kaki L. (Ebenaceae), Eugenia uniflora L., Psidium guajava L., Myrcianthes pungens (Berg) Legrand (Myrtaceae), Ficus carica L. (Moraceae), Juglans australis Grisebach (Juglandaceae), Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae), Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Prunus armeniaca L., P. domestica L., and P. persica (L.) Batsch (Rosaceae) were infested by both A. fraterculus and C. capitata. Citrus aurantium L., Citrus reticulata Blanco, Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Rutaceae), and Passiflora caerulea L. (Passifloraceae) were only infested by Ceratitis capitata. Out of a total of 99,627 adults that emerged from pupae, 69,180 (approximately 69.5%) were Anastrepha fraterculus, 30,138 (approximately 30.2%) were C. capitata, and 309 (approximately 0.3%) were an unidentified Anastrepha species. Anastrepha fraterculus predominated in native plant species while C. capitata did so in introduced species. Infestation rates (number of larvae/kg of fruit) varied sharply from year to year and between host plant species (overall there was a significant negative correlation between fruit size and infestation level). We provide information on fruiting phenology of all the reported hosts and discuss our findings in light of their practical (e.g., management of A. fraterculus and C. capitata in citrus groves) implications.

  2. Penilaian Tingkat Keberhasilan Relokasi PKL di Kawasan Pasar Waru Dan Simpang Lima, Semarang

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    Ummi Hanifah

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Di Kota Semarang jumlah PKL setiap tahunnya semakin meningkat dan mulai memberikan dampak negatif karena menempati ruang publik. Artikelini bertujuan untuk menilai tingkat keberhasilan implementasi penertiban PKL menurut pandangan pedagang dan pemerintah serta faktor penyebabnya. Kebijakan penertiban PKL yang menjadi fokus penelitian adalah program relokasi PKL Citarum dan Kartini ke Pasar Waru serta program penataan sarana aktivitas PKL Simpang Lima. Pelaksanaan relokasi PKL dinilai sulit dilaksanakan karena terjadi penolakan dan menganggap Pasar Waru tidak representatif untuk berdagang. Sedangkan pelaksanaan penataan PKL Simpang Lima tergolong cukup lancar. Namun setelah adanya penataan, pendapatan pedagang justru semakin menurun. Berdasarkan analisis diketahui bahwa menurut pedagang dan pemerintah relokasi telah berhasil pada aspek fisik namun tidak berhasil pada aspek ekonomi.Kata kunci: Relokasi, pedagang kaki lima, SemarangAbstract: The number of street vendors in the city of Semarang is increasing every year and starting to give a negative impact because they occupy public space. This study aims to assess whether the implementation is successful from the point of view of the government as well as its contributing factor. The focus of this research are the relocation of Citarum and Kartini street vendors to Waru Market and the facility planning for Simpang Lima street vendors. The street vendor relocation is considered difficult to implement due to the vendors’ rejection; whereas, the planning of street vendor facilities in Simpang Lima is considered as succesful. However, after the relocation, the revenue of the merchants decreased. The analysis shows that the relocation is successful in physical aspect only but unsuccessful in economic aspect.Keywords:Relocation, street vendors, Semarang.

  3. Sebaran Nyamuk Vektor Di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, Provinsi Jambi

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    Yanelza Supranelfy

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractMosquito-borne disease still a public health problem, both in urban and rural areas, such as: dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF, malaria, lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis, chikungunya and japanese encephalitis. Muaro Jambi is one of regencies in Jambi Province were found to vector borne diseases. The aim of this study is to get more information about the mosquito diversity in Muaro Jambi Regency for comprehensive data. The activities carried out are catching mosquitoes at night using human landing and resting collection methods. There were a total of 1.722 mosquitoes of four genera were collected (Aedes, Anopheles, Culex and Mansonia that consists of 24 species. The results of this study give additional information on the diversity of mosquitoes found in Muaro Jambi Regency.Keywords: Mosquito, vector, Muaro Jambi RegencyAbstrakPenyakit yang ditularkan oleh nyamuk masih merupakan masalah kesehatan bagi masyarakat, baik di perkotaan maupun di pedesaan, seperti demam berdarah dengue (DBD, malaria, filariasis (kaki gajah, chikungunya dan japanese encephalitis. Muaro Jambi merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Provinsi Jambi yang ditemukan beberapa penyakit tular vektor. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menambah informasi mengenai fauna nyamuk di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi untuk mendapatkan data yang komprehensif. Kegiatan yang dilakukan yaitu penangkapan nyamuk pada malam hari dengan metode human landing collection dan nyamuk istirahat (resting collection. Sebanyak 1.722 ekor nyamuk berhasil diangkap yang terdiri dari empat genera (Aedes, Anopheles, Culex dan Mansonia meliputi 24 spesies. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan tambahan informasi mengenai keragaman nyamuk yang ditemukan di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi.Kata Kunci: Nyamuk, vektor, Kabupaten Muaro Jambi

  4. DESAIN FURNITURE PADA LABORATORIUM PENDIDIKAN SENI RUPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Nursalim

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana membuat desain furniture yang memenuhi standard Antrophometry dan Ergonomy untuk Laboratorium Pendidikan Seni Rupa. Penelitian mengkaji tingkat kenyamanan furniture yang dipakai mahasiswa ketika sedang praktikum di studio. Penelitian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengenai standard kenyamanan pembutan desain furniture yang akan digunakan mahasiswa sebagai perlengkapan praktikum pada laboratorium Pendidikan Seni. Bentuk Penelitian ini adalah penelitian diskriftif dengan metode kwalitatif. Temuan awal dalam penelitian ini adalah: dimensi ergonomics dan antropometrics mahasiswa pendidikan seni rupa memiliki nilai X(mean masih dibawah standard International (rekomendasi: Dreyfuss dalam buku “:The Measure of Man” dengan standard deviasi 1.96 dengan persentil 2.5 dan persentil 97.5 masih dalam batas normal (Data Tabel 4.7 dan Tabel 4.8: dimensi antropomotrics mahasiswa Angkatan 20122013. Centre of grafity atau moment of grafity mahasiswa ketika praktikum dengan duduk bertumpu pada pantat dan daerah kerja normal pada rentang 72.4-87.5. Sedangkan mahasiswa yang melakukan praktikum dengan berdiri bertumpu pada kaki dengan angular motion dan siku bebas bergerak (SBB pada rentang 183.92212.9 (data Tabel 4.2-Tabel 4.5:Data Ergonomi Mahasiswa Angkatan 2012-2013 sesuai dengan rekomendasi C.G. Drury dalam „Journal Apllied Ergonomics’. Vol.13, p.135. masih dalam tingkat nyaman. Hasil temuan ini kemudian digunakan sebagai pertimbangan awal dalam membuat desain Furniture pada studio Pendidikan Seni Rupa. Dengan demikian mahasiswa merasakan kenyamanan dalam melakukan praktikum di Studio Pendidikan Seni Rupa dengan menggunakan furniture yang ada. Untuk itu furniture harus didesain yang adjustable. Kenyamanan Furniture berpengaruh signifikan terhadap prestasi mahasiswa. Desain furniture yang dibuat Adjustable diantaranya etsel untuk melukis, Meja kerja studio dasar, Kursi kerja untuk melukis, meja putar pada

  5. KARAKTER FISIK DAN SOSIAL REALESTAT DALAM TINJAUAN GERAKAN NEW URBANISM

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    Timoticin Kwanda

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapid urbanization will be critical to urban environments. The immediate and most critical urban environment problems facing several big cities, such as Jakarta and Surabaya, what are referred to as the "brown" problems, among them: lack of safe water, pollution from vehicles and industrial facilities, and congestion. To cope with these urban environmental problems, New Urbanism through the Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND believes that it will cure the problems by pedestrian oriented planning, encouraging people to drive less, mixed land uses, higher density, then traffice congestion is reduced,and mitigate air pollution. Moreover, the other physical and social characters are mixed housing types, front porches, more park that will encourage more interaction, then restore a sense of community. Based on this concept, this paper discusses the physical and social characters of real estates in Jakarta and Surabaya. The results show that real estate developments in these suburban areas is one of the causes of urban environment problems. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Cepatnya urbanisasi akan menyebabkan lingkungan perkotaan yang kritis. Masalah lingkungan kritis yang dihadapi oleh kota-kota besar seperti Jakarta dan Surabaya adalah apa yang disebut dengan masalah "warna coklat" yaitu kurangnya air yang sehat, polusi udara yang berasal dari kendaraan bermotor dan industri, serta kemacetan lalu lintas. Untuk menyelesaikan masalah lingkungan ini, gerakan New Urbanism melalui konsep Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND percaya bahwa masalah lingkungan ini dapat diatasi dengan perencanaan permukiman yang berorientasi pada pejalan kaki, multi fungsi, kepadatan tinggi, sehingga mengurangi kendaraan bermotor dan berakibat pada berkurangnya kemacetan lalu lintas dan polusi udara. Karakter fisik dan sosial lainnya adalah multi tipe rumah, taman publik yang lebih banyak dan rumah berteras depan yang akan mendorong interaksi sosial dalam lingkungan

  6. FAUNA DAN TEMPAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN POTENSIAL NYAMUK Anopheles spp DI KECAMATAN MAYONG, KABUPATEN JEPARA, JAWA TENGAH

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    Mardiana Mardiana

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Malaria masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di beberapa daerah pedesaan di Jawa Tengah. Usaha pemberantasan malaria telah dilakukan oleh program baik secara kimiawi maupun hayati, guna memutuskan rantai penularan. Penelitian fauna dan tempat perindukan potensial nyamuk Anopheles telah dilakukan di Desa Buaran, Kecamatan Mayong I, Kabupaten Jepara, Jawa Tengah. Penangkapan nyamuk dengan umpan orang dilakukan di dalam dan di luar rumah pada malam hari dari pukul 18.00-24.00 yang masing-masing dilakukan oleh dua orang kolektor. Penangkapan nyamuk yang istirahat di dalam dan luar rumah (vegetasi pada pagi hari dilakukan pukul 06.00-08.00, yang dilakukan satu bulan 4 kali penangkapan selama 6 bulan. Pengambilan larva dan pupa dilakukan dari pukul 06.00-08.00 pagi di tempat genangan air dan sawah serta tempat yang potensial diduga sebagai perindukan Anopheles. Hasil penangkapan selama 6 bulan, diperoleh 1248 ekor nyamuk Anopheles yang terdiri dari 6 spesies yaitu: An. aconitus 442 ekor (35,42%, An. annularis 69 ekor (5,53% , An. barbirostris 30 ekor (2,4%, An. maculatus 2 ekor (0,16%, An. tesselatus 5 ekor (0,40% dan An. vagus 700 ekor (56,09%. Populasi aconitus ditemukan dari penangkapan di luar rumah, pada bulan Juli (56,40%, Agustus (42,80% dan Oktober (39,50% sedangkan pada bulan Mei (52,9%, Juni (44% dan September (50,40% dari penangkapan di kandang sapi. Pengambilan larva dan pupa Anopheles dilakukan di tempat habitat seperti sawah yang pada bulan Aguslus terbanyak ditemukan sebesar 85 (1.70, di sungai ditemukan hanya 4 (0.08 serta di genangan air bekas telapak kaki/kobokan ditemukan sebesar 6 (0.12. Ternyata tempat perindukan yang potensial larva Anopheles pada musim kemarau, ditemukan pada sungai yang ditanami kangkung oleh masyarakat selempat. Kata kunci: Fauna, tempat perindukan, Anopheles, vector

  7. Pemodelan Desain Sol Sepatu dengan Inovasi Penambahan Wave Spring

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    Redyarsa Dharma Bintara

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Desain sepatu sport berkembang pesat dengan tujuan mengurangi cedera dan meningkatkankenyamanan pengguna. Pengurangan cedera dilakukan dengan cara memperbesar energi yangdiserap dari beban akibat pengguna berlari atau melompat. Pada penelitian ini dilakukanpenambahan wave spring yang digunakan sebagai mekanisme penyerap beban.Pemodelandilakukan pada sol sepatu dengan menggunakan bantuan software finite element method (FEMAnsys 14.5 Academic. Model awal dilakukan untuk mengetahui batas deformasi sol sepatu yangakan dimanfaatkan sebagai input model berikutnya yaitu model dengan diberikan inovasipenambahan wave spring. Analisa difokuskan pada sol sepatu bagian belakang (tumit kaki.Darihasil simulasi, didapatkan bahwa penyerapan energi sol sepatu dengan penambahan wave springlebih besar daripada penyerapan energi sol sepatu tanpa penambahan wave spring, sehinggapenambahan wave spring memungkinkan untuk diaplikasikan pada sol sepatu sport.Kata kunci: Penyerapan energi, wave spring, sol sepatu. Sport shoe design had been developed rapidly with the purpose to reduce injuries and increaseuser comfort. Reduction of injury is done by enlarging the energy absorbed from the user running orjumping load. In this study, the addition of the wave spring is used as the load absorbingmechanism. The shoes sole is modeled by using finite element method (FEM software Ansys 14.5Academic. Initial model was conducted to determine the deformation boundary in soles which willbe used as input to the next model for the wave spring addition innovation. Analysis focused onshoe sole on heel foot. From the simulation results, it was found that the energy absorption shoessoles with the addition of the wave spring is greater than the energy absorption soles without theaddition of wave spring. It can be concluded that the addition of a spring wave can be applied to thesoles of sports shoes.Keywords: Energy absorb, wave spring, shoe sole, deformation boundary

  8. Seasonal occurrence of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824 (Diptera: Tephritidae in southern Syria

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    Mansour Mohammed

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Population fluctuations of the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly, Ceratitis capitata, were investigated between 1999 and 2001 at several locations representing fruit production areas in the southern part of Syria (Damascus Ghota, Zabadani, Sargaiah, Rankus, Orneh and Ain Al-Arab. Medfly adults were monitored weekly all year around using Jackson traps baited with trimedlure dispensers. Larvae were also sampled in Damascus Ghota by collecting fruits from ripe or ripening fruit trees and recording the number of larvae emerged from these fruits. In addition, suspected overwintering refuges were sampled at weekly intervals during the three coldest months of the year (December – February and the number of collected larvae was recorded. The results of trap catches and fruit sampling studies showed a similar pattern of occurrence of medfly populations in the study areas, particularly in Damascus Ghota, during the three years of the study. In Damascus Ghota, flies were caught continuously from early June to late December with some variability between years. Two distinct periods of high fly activity were observed: the first one occurred in August and the second in November with a much higher amplitude. In general, seasonal fluctuations in the pattern of occurrence were influenced by differences in temperature and abundance of preferred host fruits. Traps on fig Ficus carica and oriental persimmon Diospyros kaki trees caught the highest numbers of flies, and fruits collected from these trees showed the highest level of infestation, reaching 100% for fig fruit late in the season. Sampling fruits (in Damascus Ghota from trees during the three coldest months of the year showed that a small population of medfly larvae was able to survive winter conditions in prickly pear Opuntia vulgaris fruit left on the trees. In the other areas of the study (Zabadani, Sargaiah, Rankus, Orneh and Ain Al-Arab, only a few flies were caught.

  9. Organogênese do caquizeiro a partir de segmentos radiculares

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    Carvalho Dayse Cristina de

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A produção de mudas de caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki pelo processo da enxertia sobre porta-enxertos provenientes de sementes, ocasiona problemas de desuniformidade vegetativa. O objetivo do trabalho foi contribuir para o desenvolvimento de um protocolo para a regeneração de brotações de caquizeiro do tipo café, a partir de raízes por organogênese indireta. Segmentos radiculares obtidos de embriões germinados in vitro foram isolados de sementes de frutos maduros em meio MSfraction one-halfNO3. As sementes receberam assepsia pela imersão em etanol 70% por um minuto, em solução de hipoclorito de sódio 2,5% por 20 minutos e quatro lavagens em água esterilizada. No primeiro experimento, os segmentos radiculares de 2cm foram isolados em meio de cultura MSfraction one-halfNO3 acrescido de 0,01mM de ácido indolacético e quatro tipos de citocininas nas concentrações 1 e 10mM: zeatina, 6-benzilaminopurina, 2-isopenteniladenina e thidiazuron. No segundo experimento, para o enraizamento das brotações, foram testados quatro períodos de permanência em meio com 10mM de ácido indolbutírico: 0, 5 10 e 15 dias. A maior regeneração de brotos (1,2 brotos por explante ocorreu na combinação 1mM de zeatina com 0,01mM de ácido indolacético. As brotações juvenis obtidas possuem potencial natural para o enraizamento, sendo necessário novos estudos para confirmar o efeito da aplicação de auxinas.

  10. Pemilihan food outlet sebagai faktor risiko berat badan lebih anak usia sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Tegalsari Surabaya

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    Renny Evelyn Hartono

    2016-08-01

    , physical activity,gender, and total expenditure had relationship with overweight/obesity status.KEYWORDS: food outlet, obesity, overweightABSTRAKLatar belakang: Overweight dan obesitas adalah keadaan akibat ketidakseimbangan kalori dalam tubuh yang terjadi dalam waktu lama dan menjadi penyebab kematian lebih banyak dibanding underweight. Salah satu faktor yang berhubungan langsung adalah pola makan, yang juga dipengaruhi pemilihan food outlet. Surabaya merupakan daerah perkotaan sehingga memiliki jenis dan karakteristik food oulet lebih beragam. Anak usia SD kelas IV, V, VI sudah tidak terlalu bergantung pada orang tua, sehingga konsumsi pangan dan aktivitas fisiknya mulai beragam. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan antara pemilihan food outlet dan status berat badan lebih pada anak usia sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Tegalsari, Surabaya.Metode: Penelitian menggunakan desain studi kasus-kontrol. Sampel penelitian adalah 51 anak untuk masing-masing kelompok kasus dan kontrol dari 11 SD di 5 Kelurahan di Kecamatan Tegalsari, Surabaya. Data diperoleh dengan wawancara, observasi langsung ke food outlet dan wawancara alasan pemilihan food outlet pada informan terpilih. Data kuantitatif diolah dengan uji bivariat (chi-square dan multivariariat (regresi binomial.Hasil: Uji bivariat menyatakan terdapat hubungan signifi kan antara frekuensi datang ke pedagang kaki lima (OR=4,09, 95% CI:1,60-10,75, frekuensi konsumsi fast food (OR=2,86, 95% CI:1,19-6,94 dan kudapan (OR=6,05, 95% CI:2,20-17,62, aktivitas fi sik (OR=3,09, 95% CI:1,28-7,51 serta jenis kelamin (OR=2,70, 95% CI:1,11-6,64 dengan berat badan lebih, sedangkan frekuensi ke food store (total, supermarket, pasar, mini-market, frekuensi ke food service place total, rumah makan, restoran fast food, pola konsumsi sayur buah, dan sosial ekonomi responden tidak berhubungan signifi kan. Pada analisis multivariat, variabel yang mempengaruhi frekuensi datang ke pedagang kaki lima adalah frekuensi konsumsi kudapan, aktivitas fisik, jenis kelamin

  11. RESPON PENDOPO JOGLO YOGYAKARTA TERHADAP GETARAN GEMPA BUMI

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    Bisatya W. Maer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available After May 2006 earthquake the two Pendopo Joglo buildings in Yogyakarta, as displayed in figure 1A and 1B, were showed different failures. In Pendopo Joglo 1A, the sokoguru was broken right under the sunduk kili causing the building to collapse. On the other hand, in Pendopo Joglo 1B case, the sakaguru was slipped but still remained on its position on the umpak so the building did not collapse. The structure differences between the two buildings were the support system used for each building. Pendopo Joglo 1A used pen and hole in the sokoguru base to act as pin joint support, while in Pendopo Joglo 1B, the sokoguru was only placed on the umpak, so it could slip if the earthquake shook it. The slip (as in 1B case restrained the earthquake vibration as could be learned in base isolator technology. This writing is not a study based on field observation but an analysis about the two buildings different responses to the earthquake vibration which was caused by the different support character. This analysis is based on Static Equivalent Earthquake Load Analysis and is using qualitative method. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dua buah bangunan Pendopo Joglo di Yogyakarta pada gambar 1A dan 1B mengalami kerusakan berbeda setelah kejadian gempa bumi bulan Mei 2006. Pada Pendopo Joglo 1A sokoguru patah tepat dibawah sunduk-kili dan bangunan runtuh, sedangkan pada pendopo joglo 1Bsokoguru bergeser posisinya pada tumpuan umpak, tapi bangunan tidak runtuh. Perbedaan struktur kedua bangunan terletak pada sistem tumpuannya, yaitu Pendopo Joglo 1A menggunakan tumpuan sendi berupa pen dan lubang di kaki sokogurunya, sedangkan pada pendopo joglo1B sokoguru hanya diletakkan diatas umpak sehingga dapat bergeser apabila digetarkan gempa. Pergeseran ini memberikan sifat meredam getaran gempa yang dapat dipelajari dari teknologi base-isolator. Tulisan ini bukan sebuah penelitian yang didasarkan pada fakta lapangan, tapi berisi analisis tentang perbedaan respon kedua

  12. KEBUN RAYA BOTANI DENGAN SISTEM WTP (WATER TREATMENT PLAN DI MAKASSAR

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    Sri Innayah Wahid

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak—Pariwisata merupakan salah satu sumber devisa yang sangat potensial dan mempunyai andil besar dalam membangun perekonomian yang memiliki nilai jual menjadi objek yang menguntungkan bagi kemajuan Makassar. Tujuan wisata yang hanya ada di Makassar menciptakan rasa ingin tahu pengunjung untuk berkunjung.Pengunjung yang datang menginvestasikan akomodasi seluruh kegiatan wisata dengan pengusaha lokal setempat.Pengunjung domestik maupun asing juga menjadi sumber pendapatan bagi masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar objek wisata. Laporan ini bertujuan untuk menata elemen-elemen fisik kawasan seperti tata guna lahan, bentuk dan massa bangunan, jalur pejalan kaki, sirkulasi dan parker signage atau penanda, serta fasilitas pendukung kedalam suatu kawasan kebun raya botani yang dibutuhkan untuk mencapai kenyamanan bagi para pengguna lahan dan menerapkan sistem WTP dalam bentuk desain yang bersifat berkelanjutan (sustainable.dan tujuan non arsitektural yang lain untuk merumuskan kegiatan rekayasa tumbuhan secara alami sehingga kebun raya botani dapat menjadi alternatif pusat pendidikan, mengelompokkan tanaman yang sesuai dengan iklim dan kondisi tapak kebun raya botani, untuk menentukan sistem kerja WTP dalam kebun raya botani yang dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tanaman. Hasil laporan ini berupa desain penataan kebun raya botani dengan sistem WTP (water Treatment Plan di Makassar Kata Kunci :kebun raya botani, WTP Abstract- Tourism is one potential source of foreign exchange and have a larger share in building an economy that has a sale value into an object that is beneficial to the progress of Makassar. Tourist destinations that exist only in Makassar creates curiosity of visitors to visit. Visitors who come to invest accommodation all over the local tourism activities with local entrepreneurs. Domestic and foreign visitors are also a source of income for the people who live around the attraction. This report aims to restructure the physical elements

  13. Aging, female sex, migration, elevated HDL-C, and inflammation are associated with prevalence of metabolic syndrome among African bank employees

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    Gombet T

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Thierry Gombet,1 Benjamin Longo-Mbenza,2 Bertrand Ellenga-Mbolla,1 Meo Stephane Ikama,3 Etienne Mokondjimobe,4 Gisele Kimbally-Kaky,3 Jean-Louis Nkoua,31Emergency Department, University Hospital Center of Brazzaville, Brazzaville, Congo; 2Faculty of Health Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha, Eastern Cape, South Africa; 3Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, University Hospital Center of Brazzaville, Brazzaville, Congo; 4Laboratory of Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Brazzaville, CongoBackground: The objective of this study was to compare four different criteria for diagnosing metabolic syndrome (MS and to correlate sociodemographic data, liver enzymes, lipids, inflammation, and insulin resistance with MS definitions.Methods: This cross-sectional study included a random number of 126 African bank employees from Brazzaville, Congo.Results: The prevalence of MS varied according to the different definitions used: 4.8% under World Health Organization (WHO criteria, 8.7% under the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NECP-ATPIII criteria, 14.3% under the International Diabetes Federation (IDF for Europe, and 15.9% by the IDF for Central Africa. According to the IDF, specific cutoff points for the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, ≥13 mm at first hour and ≥30 mm at second hour, defined MS for Central Africa. The best agreement was observed between the IDF for Europe and the IDF for Central Africa (Kappa = 0.938; P < 0.0001 criteria. The worst agreements were between the WHO and IDF for Central Africa (Kappa = 0.419; P < 0.0001 criteria and between the WHO and IDF for Europe (Kappa = 0.462; P < 0.0001 criteria. The NECP-ATPIII criteria did not agree with either the IDF for Europe or the IDF for Central Africa criteria. There was a significant relationship between female sex, aging, elevated liver enzymes, elevated phospholipids, high homeostasis model assessment of insulin

  14. DISTROFI MUSKULAR DUCHENNE

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    Iskandar Syarif

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAnak laki-laki umur 10 tahun 9 bulan dirawat di bangsal anak RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang dengan keluhan sukar berdiri sejak 2 tahun yang lalu. Riwayat penyakit sekarang adalah pasien sering kram otot betis dan jika mau berdiri, berjongkok terlebih dahulu, kedua tangan bertumpu pada kedua lutut (manuver Gowers sejak usia 3 tahun. Pasien sering jatuh ketika berjalan sejak usia 5 tahun dan dada mulai tampak membusung ke depan. Sejak usia 8 tahun harus di bantu untuk berdiri dan berjalan dengan posisi kaki berjinjit. Riwayat keluarga dengan kelainan otot tidak ada. Pemeriksaan fisik ditemukan lordosis, pseudohipertropi m.gastrocnemeus, kekuatan otot ekstremitas inferior berkurang dari normal. pemeriksaan kadar creatine kinase meningkat yaitu 1860 U/L (normal : 24- 170 U/L. elektromiogram menyokong untuk miopati dengan gambaran gelombang positif, fibrilasi, amplitudo rendah dan pontensial polifasik. Biopsi otot tidak dilakukan karena keluarga menolak. Pada pasien ini diberikan prednison 0,75 mg/kg BB/hari, suplemen kalsium dan vitamin D.Kata kunci : distrofi muskular duchenne, manuver Gowers, creatine kinaseAbstractA 10 years and 9 months old boy was hospitalized in Pediatric Department of Dr.M. Djamil Hospital Padang with chief complaint need help for standing since 2 years ago. The Symptons were he had recurrent cramps and needing to turn onto his front and rise to standing from the floor using a broad-based stance with the support of his hand on his thigh (Gowers maneuver since seven years ago. He often fall when he walked and appearance lordotic posture since five years old. Since eight years old he needed for standing and walking with his toes. The patient was born with vaccum extraction, with body birth weight 2900 grams, full term. No family history of muscle disease. Physical examination founded lordosis, pseudohypertrophy of the calves, weakness of muscles of inferior extremities with sensory was normal. Level of creatine kinase was

  15. DIVERSIFIKASI OLAHAN BERBASIS IKAN PATIN DI DESA JINGAH HABANG HILIR KECAMATAN KARANG INTAN KABUPATEN BANJAR KALIMANTAN SELATAN

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    Purnomo Purnomo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Alih teknologi pengolahan dalam rangka diversifikasi  produk olahan berbasis ikan patin di Kabupaten Banjar masih sangat dibutuhkan untuk memperkenalkan pada para pengolah dan konsumen mengenai jenis-jenis produk olahan siap saji. Diversifikasi olahan ikan patin dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah dan sekaligus meningkatkan perekonomian masyarakat perikanan di Desa Jingah Habang Hilir. Sehingga, pemahaman tersebut dapat dijadikan sebagai suatu tindakan alternatif dalam pengolahan dan pengawetan ikan patin semi modern yang bermutu dalam mencukupi kebutuhan protein  pada saat paceklik ikan. Program peningkatan keterampilan dengan melalui penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pembinaan bagi masyarakat tersebut ternyata harus sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan karakteristik masyarakat itu sendiri sebagai pelaku usaha bukanlah hal yang mudah. Sekalipun khalayak sasaran sebagai mitra kerja sudah terbiasa memanfaatkan ikan patin dengan variasi produk olahan ternyata hasil evaluasi sangat membutuhkan acuan, format / model dan arahan praktis untuk membuat produk siap saji seperti bakso, nugget dan kaki naga berbasis ikan patin guna pengembangan potensi sumberdaya perairan secara optimal. Instead of processing technologies in order to fish based processed products diversification catfish in Banjar Regency is still urgently needed to introduce on the processors and consumers about the kinds of products processed fast-food restaurant.  Diversification of processed fish catfish can increase the added value and the economy while increasing the Community fishery in the village of Jingah Habang Hilir with chillies downstream.  Such understanding can serve as an alternative in action processing and preserving fish quality semi modern catfish in sufficient protein needs at the time of paceklik fishes.  Skill enhancement programs through outreach, training and coaching for the community must  be in accordance with tha needs and characteristics of the community itself as

  16. Genetic analysis of the genus Diospyros ssp. using RAPD and i-PBS methods

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    Jana Raddová

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Molecular techniques (RAPD and i-PBS were used to study genetic diversity within persimmon collection at Horticulture Faculty of Mendel University in Lednice. The aim of the work was to distinguish 14 known and 6 of unknown origin persimmon cultivars. The basic screening of 20 OPT primers was applied to 4 cultivars differring in the place of origin. Within the group of screened primers there were chosen those, which gave polymorphic repeatable strong and middle strong bands. Selected primers were used for the RAPD reactions within the whole persimmon collection. Three OPA primers previously described in the literature were also used for the RAPD reactions within the whole persimmon collection. Additional 16 i-PBS primers previously described in the literature were also used for i-PBS analysis of the whole group of cultivars. Amplification was successful with 12 i-PBS primers. The FreeTree software package was used to gen­erate a similarity matrix and then to produce a dendrogram using UPGMA analyses. The similarity dendrograms of all persimmon cultivars were created based on both approaches and also on combination of both analyses by program Tree View. All the dendrograms clearly separated the assessed cultivars into 4 clusters. There are cluster of American persimmons – Meader’ (1, ’Garretson’ (2 and ’Early Golden’ (3. They are representatives of D. virginiana. Further part of dendrogram includes single D. lotus (5, which is also clearly separated from other cultivars of the genus Diospyros. The third cluster includes interspecific hybrids ’Rossiyanka’ (10 and ’Nikitskaiya Bordovaiya’ (13, which arised from crosses of D. virginiana and D. kaki. The last cluster is formed by cultivars of Japanese persimmon – ’Mikatani Gosho’, ’Zenjimaru’, ’Tone Wase’, ’Hiratanenashi’, ’Fuyu’, Chinese cultivar – ’Sansi’ and two Italian cultivars ’Vaniglia’ and ’Tipo’. They are clustered without significant

  17. Electron Microscopy Observation of Biomineralization within Wood Tissues of Kurogaki

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    Kazue Tazaki

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Interactions between minerals and microorganisms play a crucial role in living wood tissues. However, living wood tissues have never been studied in the field. Fortunately, we found several kurogaki (black persimmon; Diospyros kaki trees at Tawara in Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan. Here, we report the characterization of kurogaki based on scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS and transmission electron microscopy (TEM, associated with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS analyses, X-ray fluorescence analyses (XRF and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD analyses. This study aims to illustrate the ability of various microorganisms associated with biominerals within wood tissues of kurogaki, as shown by SEM-EDS elemental content maps and TEM images. Kurogaki grows very slowly and has extremely hard wood, known for its striking black and beige coloration, referred to as a “peacock pattern”. However, the scientific data for kurogaki are very limited. The black “peacock pattern” of the wood mainly comprises cellulose and high levels of crystal cristobalite. As per the XRD results, the black taproot contains mineralized 7 Å clays (kaolinite, cellulose, apatite and cristobalite associated with many microorganisms. The chemical compositions of the black and beige portions of the black persimmon tree were obtained by ICP-MS analyses. Particular elements such as abundant Ca, Mg, K, P, Mn, Ba, S, Cl, Fe, Na, and Al were concentrated in the black region, associated with Pb and Sr elements. SEM-EDS semi-qualitative analyses of kurogaki indicated an abundance of P and Ca in microorganisms in the black region, associated with Pb, Sr, S, Mn, and Mg elements. On the other hand, XRF and XRD mineralogical data showed that fresh andesite, weathered andesite, and the soils around the roots of kurogaki correlate with biomineralization of the black region in kurogaki roots, showing clay minerals (kaolinite and

  18. Karakteristik Habitat Perkembangbiakan Vektor Filariasis di Kecamatan Kodi Balaghar Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya

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    Mefi Mariana Tallan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Subdistrict scores balaghar is on filariasis endemic areas in the shouthwest district Sumba. Filariasis (elephantiasis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the filarial worm that attacks the lymph channels and lymph (lymphatic system that can cause acuteor chronic clinical symptoms and is transmitted by mosquitoes Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex, Amigeres. The purpose researchis to describe the characteristics of the environment and behavior to the incidence on filariasis in District Kodi Balaghar South western Sumba. This research is descriptive study with cross sectional approach that describes the spread of filariasis. Kodi was conducted in Southwest Sumba Regency Balaghar for eight months from April to November 2014. Foundas apotential habitat forlas mosquito breeding habitats where dominant is a puddle of water, springs, drains and small stream swith temperatures ranging from21-350C, from 0,22 to 795luxillumination, range pH between7,2 to 7,7, 0-0.1‰ salinity with elevation ranging from 25-117m/asl. Where is thespecies found in the breeding habitat on is An.vagus, An.barbirostris, An.annularis, Cx.vishnui, Cx.bitaeniorhynchus, Cx.quinquefasciatus, Ar. Kuchingensis.Keywords:Filariasis, Environment, Breeding habitatsAbstrak. Kecamatan Kodi Balaghar merupakan salah satu daerah endemis filariasis di Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya. Filariasis (penyakit kaki gajah adalah penyakit menular menahun yang disebabkan oleh cacing filaria Wuchereria brancofti, Brugia malayidan B. timori yang menyerang saluran dan kelenjar getah bening (sistem limfatik yang dapat menyebabkan gejala klinis akut atau kronis dan ditularkan oleh nyamuk Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex, Amigeres. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik lingkungan fisik dan biologi di Kecamatan Kodi Balaghar Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional yaitu menggambarkan karakteristik lingkungan fisik

  19. SURVEI DARAH JARI FILARIASIS DI DESA BATUMARTA X KEC. MADANG SUKU III KABUPATEN OGAN KOMERING ULU (OKU TIMUR, SUMATERA SELATAN TAHUN 2012

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    R. Irpan Pahlepi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakFilariasis atau penyakit kaki gajah adalah golongan penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh cacing filaria  yang  ditularkan  melalui  berbagai  jenis  nyamuk.  Penyebaran  filariasis  hampir  meliputi  seluruh wilayah di Indonesia termasuk Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU Timur. Angka kesakitan filarisis di Kabupaten OKU Timur tahun 2007 sebesar 1,05%. Kegiatan pengobatan massal di Kabupaten OKU Timur belum pernah dilakukan sampai saat ini, sehingga perlu dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat penyebaran penyakit filariasis. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei dengan desain potong lintang. Pengambilan dan pemeriksaan sediaan darah jari dilakukan pada malam hari dimulai pukul 19.00 WIB. Jumlah penduduk yang diperiksa sebanyak 502. Hasil pemeriksaan diperoleh 4 orang positif mikrofilaria (Mf_ rate 0,8% dengan spesies Brugia  malayi  dan  kepadatan  rata-rata  200mf/ml.  Seluruh  kasus  yang  ditemukan  merupakan  kasus baru. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penularan filariasis masih terjadi di Kabupaten OKU Timur sehingga perlu adanya pengobatan massal untuk mencegah penularan lebih lanjut.Kata kunci : Filariasis, Brugia malayi, Survei darah jari, OKU TimurAbstractFilariasis or elephantiasis is an infectious diseases caused by filarial worms that transmitted by various species of mosquitoes. Filariasis distributions almost covers all districts in Indonesia including East Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU. Filarisais morbidity in East OKU regency in 2007 was 1.05 %. Mass treatment in the district of East OKU have not been done yet, so it is necessary to do a research that aim to determine the prevalen of filariasis. This study is a cross-sectional survey design. Collection and examination of finger’s blood was done at night starting at 19:00. Number of people examined were 502. Examination results obtained 4 positive microfilariae (Mf_ rate 0.8 % of Brugia malayi and the average density of 200

  20. Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Perilaku Masyarakat Pasca Pengobatan Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Endemisitas Filariasis Di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur

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    Santoso Santoso

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractLymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis is a health problem in Indonesia, including in East Tanjung Jabung. Lymphatic filariasis elimination program in Indonesia was done by breaking the chain of transmission of filariasis with mass drug administration (MDA. The effectiveness of MDA program depends on knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP of the community. This study aims to determine the KAP towards lymphatic filariasis and evaluate MDA program. The study was conducted in two phases, namely interviews and finger blood survey (FBS. The number of respondents who interviewed were 117 and the number of people who had blood tests as many as 1,209. Interviews result showed that most respondents knew about lymphatic filariasis. The attitude of the majority of respondents showed a positive attitude. Interviews showed that the behavior of people taking medication was high (88%. Based on the results of the proportion of positive FBS, microfilariae were dominants found in people who do not take medication. Although the knowledge of community is high, the East Tanjung Jabung still declared as filariasis-endemic areas because it found the village with a number of microfilaria (Mf rate of more than 1%.Keywords: Lymphatic filariasis, KAP, East Tanjung Jabung, endemisAbstrakFilariasis (penyakit kaki gajah masih merupakan masalah kesehatan di Indonesia termasuk di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur. Program eliminasi filariasis di Indonesia dilakukan dengan pemutusan mata rantai penularan melalui pemberian obat massal pencegahan (POMP filariasis. Keberhasilan program POMP filariasis dipengaruhi oleh pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku (PSP masyarakat tentang filariasis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui PSP masyarakat terhadap filariasis dan evaluasi kegiatan POMP filariasis. Penelitian dilakukan dalam 2 tahap, yaitu wawancara dan survei darah jari (SDJ. Jumlah responden yang diwawancarai sebanyak 117 orang dan jumlah penduduk yang diperiksa darahnya

  1. Direct Deposition Effect on the Distribution of Radiocesium in Persimmon Trees and the Effective Half-life

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    Tagami, Keiko; Uchida, Shigeo [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4-9-1, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-7444 (Japan)

    2014-07-01

    Radiocesium ({sup 137}Cs) concentrations in persimmon tree tissues collected at Chiba, about 220 km south from Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP), were measured to obtain half-life of radiocesium in the trees. Persimmon (Diospyros kaki) is a deciduous tree and bears edible fruits in autumn. There were no leaves when the sampling area was received the radioactive fallout in March 2011 due to the FDNPP accident; the amount of {sup 137}Cs radioactivity in this area was ca. 13 kBq/m{sup 3} Both {sup 137}Cs and {sup 134}Cs were found in the newly emerged shoots of the persimmon trees collected at 26 April 2011 mainly due to foliar uptake. The concentrations were 1.1 kBq/kg-dry for {sup 137}Cs and 1.3 kBq/kg-dry for {sup 134}Cs. After that, continuous sampling of leaves, branches and fruits of the persimmon trees had been carried out for two years. Immediately after the collection, samples were transferred to our laboratory and weighed to obtain fresh weight. Leaf samples were usually separated into two portions; one portion was washed with tap water to remove dust from the surface and the other portion was not treated. For fruit samples, if it is possible, fruit flesh, peal and non-edible part were separated. All the samples were oven-dried at 80 deg. C for three days at least. Each dried sample was chopped into fine pieces, mixed well, and then transferred into plastic vessels separately. Radioactivity concentration was measured by a Ge-detecting system (Seiko EG and G Ortec) using 3000-40000 s counting intervals. By August 14, 2013, about 140 samples were collected from the trees; about 60 samples were leaves (both washed and untreated). Radiocesium concentrations in tree leaves decreased with time, and the effective half-life was about 190 d; the value was similar to those in branches (160 d for new branches, and 250 d for 1-2 y.o. branches) and fruits (250 d for fruit flesh and 230 d for peals). Thus we concluded that the half-life of radiocesium in

  2. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI DERAJAT MIOPIA PADA REMAJA (STUDI DI SMA NEGERI 2 TEMANGGUNG KABUPATEN TEMANGGUNG

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    Anisa Sofiani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Miopia sebagai kelainan refraksi menjadi penyebab terbanyak gangguan penglihatan di dunia hingga diestimasikan separuh dari penduduk dunia menderita miopia pada tahun 2020. Segala golongan usia dapat mengalami miopia, terutama pada remaja. Jawa tengah menduduki peringkat ke 6 untuk masalah miopia, dan remaja yang menderita miopia di kabupaten Temanggung khususnya SMA N 2 Temanggung diperkirakan meningkat tiap tahunnya. Penelitian ini termasuk dalam penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi berjumlah 720 siswa, sampel 92 siswa SMA N 2 Temanggung. Hasil penelitian ini adalah terdapat hubungan antara jarak baca (p=0,042, intensitas gadget (p=0,049, intensitas jalan kaki outdoor (0,004, dan intensitas olahraga outdoor (p=0,017 dengan derajat miopia remaja. Dan tidak ada hubungan dengan jenis kelamin, asupan vitamin A, lama membaca, penerangan, posisi membaca, penggunaan gadget /hari, pekerjaan, pendapatan orang tua, keturunan, intensitas rekreasi dan hobi. Faktor terkuat adalah olahraga outdoor (p=0,005 dan OR=17,468. Anjuran untuk penelitian selanjutnya adalah dalam penghitungan asupan Vitamin A apakah mempengaruhi peningkatan dioptri miopia agar memperhatikan cara pengolahan makanan. Kategori untuk variabel penggunaan gadget juga perlu ditambahkan. Myopia as refractive error will be the most common cause of visual impairment over the world until half of the world's populations are suffer from myopia in 2020. All of age groups can get it, especially in adolescents. Central Java’s ranked is sixth for the problems of myopia, and adolescents who suffer the myopia in Temanggung regency in particular SMA N 2 Temanggung is expected to increase each year. This study was explanatory research with cross sectional approach. The population were 720 students, with 92 samples students of SMA N 2 Temanggung. The Results, there were a relationship between reading distance (p=0.042, the intensity of the gadget (p=0.049, the

  3. BIOLARVASIDA EKSTRAK ETANOL KULIT NANAS (Ananas comosus L. Merr TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Culex Sp.

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    Siti Juariah

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK   Nanas merupakan salah satu komoditi asal Provinsi Riau. Setiap tahun nanas mengalami peningkatan dengan semakin meningkatnya produksi nanas maka limbah yang dihasilkan akan semakin meningkat. Pada limbah kulit nanas diduga terdapat senyawa alkaloid yang dapat membunuh larva nyamuk Culex Sp. Nyamuk yang termasuk dalam genus Culex dikenal sebagai vektor penular arbovirus, demam kaki gajah, dan malaria pada unggas. Pengendalian serangga umumnya dilakukan menggunakan pestisida sintetik. Penggunaan senyawa kimia yang bersifat sintetik sangat berbahaya bagi pengguna yang terpajan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan efektifitas ekstrak etanol kulit nanas dan mengetahui jumlah larva yang mati dengan menentukan konsentrasi terbaik dari ekstrak etanol kulit nanas (AnanascomosusL. terhadap larva nyamuk culex Sp. Penelitian ini bersifat Eksperimen Laboratory, yaitu meneliti tentang uji mortalitas larva nyamuk Culex Sp setelah pemberian ekstrak etanol kulit nanas (AnanascomosusL.. Hasil penelitian yang didapatkan bahwa ekstrak etanol kulit nanas dapat dibuktikan pada tingkat konsentrasi 1% angka kematian larva nyamuk telah mencapai 72,5%. Sedangkan pada konsentrasi 4% telah mampu membunuh larva sebesar 97,5%. Kata Kunci        : Ekstraketanol, Kulit nanas, Culex Sp.   ABSTRACT                Pineapple is one of the commodities origin of Riau Province. Each year the pineapple increases with the increasing production of pineapple so the waste generated will increase. In pineapple leaf waste is suspected of alkaloid compounds that can kill the mosquito larvae Culex Sp. The mosquitoes belonging to the genus Culex are known as arbovirus-transmitting vectors, elephant leg fever, and malaria in poultry. Insect control is generally done using synthetic pesticides. The use of synthetic chemicals is very dangerous for exposed users. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of pineapple ethanol

  4. FAKTOR - FAKTOR PENYEBAB MUNCULNYA ACTIVITY SUPPORT DI KAWASAN RUANG PUBLIK BUNDARAN HOTEL INDONESIA JAKARTA PUSAT

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    Endah Mustikowati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Area Bundaran Hotel Indonesia menjadi salah satu ruang publik di mana banyak pengunjung datang untuk melakukan berbagai kegiatan. Kondisi ini menyebabkan munculnya activity support misalnya PKL, penyewa peralatan olahraga, dan beberapa hiburan jalanan. Di puncak intensitas kegiatan, activity support tersebut tersebar di beberapa tempat ini seperti di koridor utama, jalur pejalan kaki dan air plaza mancur. Melihat fenomena itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat faktor-faktor penyebab munculnya activity support tersebut. Dalam menjawab tujuan penelitian, digunakan penelitian rasionalistik kuantitatif sebagai paradigma untuk membangun variabel faktor berdasarkan teori Activity Support dan Ruang Publik. Variabel yang dioperasionalkan dalam kuesioner dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis faktor uji statistik. Jumlah faktor variabel yang memiliki korelasi yang kuat dalam analisis tereduksi menjadi beberapa factor yang signifikan sebagai penyebab dari munculnya activity support di ruang publik, yaitu, area pedesrian, jalan masuk, sirkulasi dan parkir, keragaman kegiatan, karakteristik ruang publik, jenis kegiatan, bentuk-makna-arti ruang publik, aksesibilitas dan visual, budaya, fungsi dan bentuk ruang publik dan area lansekap, batasan kawasan dan ciri khas dari ruang publik. [Title: The Factors Causing Appearance of Activity Support in The Public Area Around Bundaran Hotel Indonesia in Central Jakarta] Bundaran Hotel Indonesia area becomes one of public space where many of people have coming to do some activities here. This condition causes the occurrences of activity support for instance the street vendors, sport equipments tenants, and some of street entertaintment. In the peak of intensity of activities, the activity supports crowded around this area such as in the main corridor, pedestrian pathways and fountain plaza. Seeing those phenomena, it could be concluded that there are causal factors of the occurrences of the activity support. In

  5. SUSTAINABLE CULINARY TOURISM IN PUNCAK, BOGOR

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    Ismail Saleh

    2014-09-01

    dikategorikan menjadi lima kelompok utama berdasarkan fungsinya: penyedia layanan makanan; pemasok (masyarakat lokal, pedagang, dan koperasi; konsumen akhir (turis dan pelanggan; pemerintahan (pemerintah Kabupaten Bogor, areal koordinator, kompepar, dan perantara (distributor, agen tur. Setidaknya ada lima isu strategis yang terjadi dalam pengembangan pariwisata di daerah Puncak: 1 konversi fungsi lahan; 2 dampak ekonomi dan sosial, 3 partisipasi masyarakat lokal dalam kegiatan pariwisata; 4 lalu lintas dan infrastruktur di daerah Puncak, dan 5 pengelolaan sampah. Ketiga restoran memiliki kriteria keberlanjutan, hasil preferensi pelanggan, dan tiga aspek keberlanjutan (ekonomi, lingkungan, dan sosial. Cimory memiliki nilai yang terbaik dalam kinerja keberlanjutan dan diikuti oleh Melrimba. Pedagang kaki lima, dengan beberapa catatan, mencetak nilai sebagai peringkat terakhir dalam kinerja keberlanjutan.Kata kunci: wisata kuliner, ekowisata, puncak, rantai nilai, wisata berkelanjutan

  6. Moscas frugívoras e seus parasitoides nos municípios de Pelotas e Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Frugivorous flies and their parasitoids in the cities of Pelotas and Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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    Adrise Medeiros Nunes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As moscas frugívoras (Tephritoidea são as principais pragas da fruticultura de clima temperado no Brasil. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a infestação desses dípteros e a ocorrência de seus parasitoides em frutíferas nos municípios de Pelotas e Capão do Leão, localizados na região Sul, nas safras agrícolas de 2007/08 e 2008/09. Foram coletados frutos de araçazeiro-amarelo e vermelho (Psidium cattleianum Sabine, 1821, butiazeiro [Butia capitata (Mart. Becc., 1916], caquizeiro (Diospyros kaki Linnaeus, 1753, cerejeira-do-mato (Eugenia involucrata DC., 1828, goiabeira [Psidium guajava (Linnaeus, 1753], goiabeira-serrana [Acca sellowiana (Berg. Burret, 1941], nespereira [Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb. Lindley, 1822], pessegueiro [Prunus persicae (L. Batsch, 1801], pitangueira (Eugenia uniflora Linnaeus,1753 e uvalheira (Eugenia pyriformis Cambessèdes, 1832. Os frutos foram coletados e transportados para o laboratório, onde foram individualizados e determinados os seguintes parâmetros: índice de infestação das moscas, índice de parasitismo e frequência de indivíduos por espécie de parasitoide. Foram constatadas duas espécies de Tephritidae, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 (90,5% e Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824 (9,5% e duas de Lonchaeidae, Neosilba zadolicha McAlpine & Steyskal, 1982 (87,8% e uma espécie ainda não descrita, referida como Neosilba n. sp. 3 (12,2%. Anastrepha fraterculus é a espécie mais abundante nos dois municípios, sendo constatada na maioria das frutíferas coletadas. Caquizeiro e goiabeira foram os hospedeiros que apresentaram o maior índice de infestação por C. capitata. Quanto às espécies de Neosilba, a maior infestação ocorreu em frutos de goiabeira-serrana. Dos parasitoides emergidos, foram identificadas três espécies, sendo duas de Braconidae, Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti, 1911 (52,6% e Opius bellus (Gahan, 1930 (27,5% e uma espécie de Figitidae, Aganaspis

  7. Factors Related to Soil Transmitted Helminth Infection on Primary School Children

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    Liena Sofiana

    2018-01-01

    Sleman dengan teknik total sampling yaitu 60 responden. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi-squre. Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa mencuci tangan sebelum makan (sig= 0,010; RP= 3,850, mencuci tangan setelah buang air besar (sig= 0,007; RP= 4,571, kebersihan kuku (sig= 0,179; RP= 2,138, kebiasaan memakai alas kaki (sig= 0,008; RP= 3,714, dan perilaku buang air besar (sig= 0,004; RP= 4,000. Disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan antara mencuci tangan sebelum makan, mencuci tangan setelah BAB, kebiasaan memakai alas kaki, dan perilaku buang air besar dengan infeksi STH pada anak-anak sekolah dasar  Moyudan Sleman, sementara kebersihan kuku tidak memiliki hubungan dengan infeksi STH. Kata kunci: Infeksi STH, faktor risiko, sekolah dasar ABSTRACT Infeksi Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH is the third ranks of the top 10 common infectious diseases in the world with an incidence rate of about 1.4 billion per year. The incidence of STH in Indonesia is still quite high. This figure occurs in primary school students of 60-80%, while for all ages of 40% -60%. The purpose of this study was to determine factors related to STH infection in elementary school children at primary school of Moyudan Sleman. The type of research used was analytic observational with the cross-sectional design. The population in this study were all students of class I, II, and III in Moyudan Sleman primary school with total sampling technique of 60 respondents. Data analysis used chi-square. The test results showed that the habit of hand washing before eating (sig= 0.010; RP= 3.850, the habit of hand washing  after defecating(sig= 0.007; RP= 4.571, nail hygiene (sig= 0.179; RP= 2.138, the habit of wearing footwear (sig= 0.008; RP= 3.714, and bowel habits (sig= 0.004; RP= 4.000. It can be concluded that there was a relationship between hand washing before eating, hand washing after defecating, the habit of wearing footwear, bowel habits and STH infection on the students of Moyudan Sleman primary school but there was no

  8. Decomposição de resíduos vegetais em latossolo sob cultivo de milho e plantas de cobertura Decomposition of plant residues in latosol under corn crop and cover crops

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    Arminda Moreira de Carvalho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A degradação dos solos pode ocorrer pelo seu preparo intensivo, combinado com monocultivos que produzem pequenas quantidades de resíduos vegetais com decomposição acelerada. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a decomposição dos resíduos vegetais, em Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo sob cultivo de milho em sucessão a plantas de cobertura, nos sistemas plantio direto e com incorporação desses resíduos. As espécies vegetais cultivadas em sucessão ao milho foram: crotalária juncea (Crotalaria juncea L., feijão-bravo-do-ceará (Canavalia brasiliensis M. e Benth, guandu cv. Caqui (Cajanus cajan (L. Millsp, mucuna-cinza (Mucuna pruriens (L. DC, girassol (Helianthus annuus L., milheto BN-2 (Pennisetum glaucum (L. R. Brown e nabo-forrageiro (Raphanus sativus L.. A testemunha foi ausência de culturas em sucessão ao milho (vegetação espontânea. Sacolas de tela de náilon com dez gramas de matéria seca de cada espécie foram colocadas na superfície do solo e cobertas com resíduos vegetais. Durante as operações de preparo do solo e de aplicação de herbicida, as sacolas de serapilheira foram retiradas do campo e mantidas em câmara fria. Depois da semeadura do milho, essas sacolas foram reintegradas às respectivas subparcelas, colocadas em superfície, no sistema plantio direto, e enterradas a 10 cm de profundidade, quando sob o manejo com incorporação dos resíduos vegetais. As taxas de decomposição foram determinadas na seca (60 e 90 dias e no período de chuva (180, 210 e 240 dias. Os resíduos vegetais de guandu, milheto, mucuna-cinza e vegetação espontânea apresentaram menores taxas de decomposição na maioria dos períodos avaliados. A incorporação dos resíduos vegetais acelerou o processo de decomposição em relação à sua manutenção na superfície do solo no sistema plantio direto, exceto para o nabo forrageiro. O milho cultivado em sucessão ao feijão-bravo-do-ceará apresentou maior rendimento

  9. Contribuição da pesquisa científica brasileira no desenvolvimento de algumas frutíferas de clima subtropical

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    Fernando Mendes Pereira

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Quando se considera aptidão climática, as plantas frutíferas são classificadas em: tropicais, subtropicais e temperadas. Esta tradicional classificação, por muito tempo, mostrou-se bastante efetiva. Os mais atuais conhecimentos dos centros de origens de diferentes espécies, os avanços tecnológicos na condução dos pomares e na conservação dos frutos e especialmente o melhoramento genético criaram condições excepcionais para o cultivo de espécies tropicais e temperadas em clima subtropical. No presente trabalho foram selecionadas as culturas da atemoieira, do caquizeiro, da figueira e da goiabeira com base não apenas na importância nacional e regional, mas também pelas diferentes contribuições que a pesquisa científica ofereceu a estas frutíferas. Atemoieira - dentre as espécies frutíferas exploradas em larga escala, talvez seja a de mais recente introdução de cultivo no Brasil, iniciado em meados da década de 1980. Diversas técnicas de cultivo foram desenvolvidas, como porta-enxertos mais adequados para cada região, podas de formação e produção, polinização artificial, manejo de pragas e doenças, e diversas outras tecnologias que permitiram rápida expansão da cultura em diversas regiões do País. Embora o importante papel das Universidades, Institutos de Pesquisas e Extensão seja inquestionável, foi fundamental a contribuição dos produtores pioneiros que iniciaram a busca de soluções para os problemas surgidos, indicando as necessidades para intervenções da pesquisa. Caquizeiro - a produção brasileira de caqui (IBGE - 2009, de 171.555 t, é obtida em uma área de 8.770 ha e representa um valor de 146,67 milhões de reais. São Estados maiores produtores São Paulo (111.646 t, Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná e Rio de Janeiro. As principais cultivares em produção são: Rama Forte, Giombo e Fuyu, que são comercializados prioritariamente no mercado interno. Figueira - a produção brasileira de figos

  10. The impact of breeding on fruit production in warm climates of Brazil O impacto do melhoramento genético na produção de frutas em climas quentes do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso Valdevino Pommer

    2009-06-01

    , na região centro-oeste e nas áreas de semiárido no nordeste. A maior parte do território encontra-se na região tropical onde a latitude abrange de 5º N a 33º S. Há, portanto, razões suficientes para os melhoristas de plantas devotarem boa parte de seus esforços para melhorar plantas apropriadas aos climas mais quentes. Entre as frutíferas, os resultados dos trabalhos dos melhoristas têm sido notados em diversas espécies, especialmente pêssegos, uvas, citros, maçãs, caquis, figos, pêras e outras, não tão comuns, como acerola, goiaba, anonas (graviola, pinha, atemóia, cherimóia e maracujá. Pessegueiros introduzidos em baixas latitudes (22 ± 2ºS requerem adaptação climática às condições subtropicais de baixa ocorrência de frio. No Brasil, o primeiro programa de melhoramento de pêssego visando adaptação de cultivares a diferentes habitats foi desenvolvido pelo Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (IAC começando no final dos anos 1940. O melhoramento da macieira com baixa necessidade frio levado a cabo no IAPAR, Paraná, produziu cultivares que podem ser plantados com sucesso em regiões de baixa latitude. Os programas de melhoramento da banana e do abacaxi conduzidos em unidades da Embrapa em todo o país estão conseguindo fazer frente aos fortes problemas fitossanitários com as cultivares melhoradas. Petrolina/Juazeiro, na região nordeste (9ºS, é a principal região exportadora de uvas no país com mais de 6.000 ha. A viticultura na região está baseada nos chamados porta-enxertos "tropicais" lançados pelo IAC: IAC 313 'Tropical', IAC 572 'Jales'. Recentemente, a Embrapa Uva e Vinho lançou cultivares tropicais de uvas sem sementes que estão mudando o cenário da uva de mesa no país.

  11. DISTRIBUSI HUTAN BAKAU DI LAGUNA PANTAI SELATAN YOGYAKARTA (Mangrove Distribution at the Lagoons in the Southern Coast of Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjut Sugandawaty Djohan

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK  Kehadiran sisa hutan bakau di laguna Bogowonto, pantai selatan Yogyakarta menunjukkan bahwa pada masa lalu laguna tersebut didominasi oleh hutan bakau, sehingga penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari kehadiran vegetasi bakau di laguna-laguna dan muara sungai di pantai selatan tersebut. Ada empat laguna di pantai Selatan Yogyakarta, laguna Bogowonto, Serang, Progo, Opak, dan satu muara sungai, Kali Baron. Laguna tersebut merupakan laguna internitten, artinya pada musim kemarau, mulut sungainya tertutup gumuk pasir dan laguna didominasi oleh perairan tawar dan merupakan ekosistem tergenang. Sebaliknya di musim hujan mulut sungai terbuka, laguna bersifat sebagai ekosistem pasang surut. Data vegetasi dicuplik dengan menggunakan kuadrat plot berukuran 10m x 20m dengan ulangan dua kali. Kuadrat plot ditempatkan pada pusat distribusi mangrovenya, yang dipilih mulai dari rawa burit ke arah muara sungai. Tekstur tanah, hara tanah, salinitas air dan hara air juga dikaji. Kehadiran hutan bakau di laguna dibatasi oleh tekstur tanah. Tekstur pasir, 60-99 %, mendominasi laguna Serang, Progo, Opak dan muara kali Baron. Komunitas bakau hanya ditemukan di laguna Bogowonto, yang tersusun atas 5 jenis bakau, Sonneratia alba, Nypa fruticans, Acanthus ilicifolius, Acrosticum sp., dan Derris heterophylla, dan dua jenis spesies peralihan, Pandanus sp. dan Cynodon dactylon. Pola distribusi komunitasnya mengelompok (clump, mempunyai tipe riverine mangrove,dan tidak membentuk zonasi. Sonneratia hadir mulai dari muara sungai sampai di rawa burit. Ketika air surut salinitas berkisar antara 0-6,5 %. Nypa hanya ditemukan satu kelompok di kaki gumuk. Distribusi Sonneratia tidak ditentukan oleh tinggi genangan, akan tetapi tinggi pneumatophor mengikuti pola tinggi genangan air. Di laguna Bogowonto, spesies bakau tidak mempunyai zonasi dan beradaptasi pada sistem ekologinya.   ABSTRACT  The presence of mangrove remnant at the lagoon of Bogowonto River in the southern

  12. PERTUNJUKAN KESENIAN PATHOL SARANG DI KABUPATEN REMBANG

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    Rakanita Dyah Ayu Kinesti

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Kesenian Pathol Sarang adalah kesenian tradisional yang sampai saat ini masih eksis di masyarakat Rembang. Interaksi dalam kesenian Pathol Sarang yang terjadi bukan lagi sebatas dialog, namun terjadi kontak fisik antar pemain dengan pemain. Keunikan kesenian Pathol Sarang juga terletak pada jenis pertunjukan yang tidak semestinya seperti pertunjukan lain. Pertunjukan yang dipentaskan di pinggir laut dan dimainkan oleh para nelayan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mendiskripsikan bentuk pertunjukan kesenian Pathol Sarang dan menganalisis proses interaksi sosial. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif yang menghasilkan data deskriptif. Hasil penelitian yang pertama adalah bentuk kesenian Pathol Sarang yang ditinjau dari pelaku seni yang semua berjenis kelamin laki-laki mempunyai gerak murni dan maknawi yang berias tanpa make up dan berbusana memakai baju hitam dan celana hitam dengan ikat kepala dan property berupa udhet. Interaksi yang ditemukan adalah interaksi yang terjadi antar pemain dan pemain, pemain dengan penonton. Interaksi yang terjadi antar pemain dan pemain adalah kontak fisik yaitu dengan saling merangkul posisi kaki kuda-kuda dan saling mendorong untuk bergulat, interaksi yang terjadi antar pemain dan penonton adalah komunikasi sebelum bertanding pelandang(wasit mencari lawan untuk pemain(pathol yang bertanding diambil dari penonton. Saran untuk seniman, gerakan Pathol Sarang lebih dikembangkan lagi dengan menambahkan tarian pembuka sebelum pertunjukan dimulai.Art pathol sarang is traditional art that until now still exist in the community Rembang. Art pathol sarang is an entertainment media, as the show and as a social interaction .Interaction in the arts pathol sarang that there is no longer only dialogue , but occurring physical contact between the player with the players. Uniqueness of art pathol nest also located on the type of show undue as other performances. Show was staged in the outskirts of the sea and played by the

  13. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN CHIKUNGUNYA DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI,PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Lulus Susanti

    2014-05-01

    < 0.05.Keywords :knowledge, attitude, practice, chikungunya, risk factorAbstrakChikungunya adalah salah satu penyakit re-emerging disease di Indonesia. Gejala yang paling menonjol pada kasus ini adanya rasa nyeri yang hebat pada setiap persendian, terutama sendi lutut, pergelangan kaki dan tangan, serta sendi-sendi tulang punggung sehingga sendi susah untuk digerakkan. Penyakit ini diakibatkan oleh virus dari kelompok virus Chikungunya (CHIKV. Di Jawa Tengah terjadi peningkatan kasus Chikungunya, mulai tahun 2005 berjumlah 46 orang kemudian meningkat pada tahun 2006 menjadi 86 orang dan 2007 mencapai 2.801 kasus. Persebaran kasus mencapai beberapa kabupaten di Jawa Tengah termasuk Kabupaten Boyolali, yang memberikan kontribusi dalam jumlah penderita Chikungunya yang cukup besar 5. Pada tahun 2007dan 2008 jumlah kasus Chikungunya di Kabupaten Boyolali mencapai 634 dan 517 orang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara karakteristik masyarakat, kondisi sosial ekonomi, pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku masyarakat, data entomologi dan lingkungan sebagai faktor risiko terhadap kasus Chikungunya, di Boyolali. Penelitian ini merupakan studi epidemiologi analitik dengan rancangan case control study. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan Chikungunya terjadi paling banyak pada kisaran umur 20 – 45 dan 46 – 64 tahun, masing-masing sebanyak 51 (39,23% dan 50 kasus (38,46%, dengan jenis kelamin perempuan 80 kasus (61,54%. Sedangkan pendidikan kasus Chikungunya tertinggi adalah tidak tamat SD sebesar 34 kasus (26,15% dan pekerjaan berupa petani sebanyak 41 kasus (31,54%. Dari karakteristik responden ini hanya jenis kelamin yang memiliki hubungan bermakna dengan kasus dengan nilai P< 0,05. Sedangan pengetahuan dan perilaku masyarakat tentang pencegahan penyakit Chikungunya tidak berhubungan dengan kasus dengan nilai P>0,05.Keberadaan pakaian tergantung tidak berhubungan dengan kasus Chikungunya, sedangkan keberadaan jentik nyamuk di TPA berhubungan dengan kasus

  14. Sanitasi, Higiene Perorangan, dan Pencemaran Tanah oleh Cacing pada Kecacingan pada Anak di Kelurahan Liliba, Kecamatan Oebobo Kota Kupang, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

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    Eni Sinaga

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penyakit kecacingan banyak ditemukan di daerah dengan kelembaban tinggi terutama pada kelompok masyarakat dengan higiene perorangan dan sanitasi lingkungan yang kurang baik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan kondisi sanitasi, higiene perorangan, pencemaran tanah oleh cacing dengan kejadian kecacingan pada anak usia 1–5 tahun di Kelurahan Liliba, Kecamatan Oebobo Kota Kupang, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional study dilakukan pada Mei–November 2012. Sampel penelitian 50 anak usia 1–5 tahun sebanyak 50 orang yang diambil secara random sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji chi kuadrat (X2 dengan program statistical product and service solution (SPSS. Prevalensi kecacingan pada anak usia 1-5tahun di Kelurahan Liliba adalah 38%. Hasil Uji chi kuadrat menunjukkan hanya ada satu variabel yang berhubungan dengan kejadian kecacingan di Liliba yaitu higiene perorangan (p=0,005. Variabel yang tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian kecacingan pada anak 1–5 tahun di Liliba yaitu kondisi sarana air bersih (p=0,07, kondisi jamban (p=0,128, dan pencemaran tanah oleh cacing (p=0,309. Penelitian ini membuktikan ada hubungan bermakna antara higiene perorangan dan kejadian kecacingan, sehingga diharapkan orangtua lebih memperhatikan higiene perorangan anaknya seperti memotong kuku, mencuci tangan setelah bermain dan sebelum makan, mencuci tangan setelah buang air besar dan memberikan alas kaki saat bermain. Dinkes Kota dan Puskesmas khususnya secara periodic setiap 6 bulan sekali diharapkan melakukan tindakan pencegahan dan penanggulangan kecacingan dengan penyuluhan dan pemberian obat cacing kepada anak usia 1–5 tahun. Kata kunci: Higiene perorangan, kecacingan, kondisi lingkungan   Sanitation, Personal Hygiene, and Helminth Contamination of Helminth infectionin Children at Liliba Subdistrict, Oebobo Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province Abstract Helminth infection was found

  15. Reactivity coefficients by perturbation theory; Calcul des coefficients de re activite par la theorie des perturbations; Koehffitsienty reaktivnosti, opredelennye pri pomoshchi teorii vozmushchenij; Determinacion, de coeficientes de reactividad con ayuda de la teoria de las perturbaciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webster, J W [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    1962-03-15

    obrazom, otritsatel'nym , t.e. koehffitsient poroznosti yavlyaetsya polozhitel'nym , chto predstavlyaet soboj opasnoe uslovie. Mozhno legko videt' iz dvukhgruppovoj formy, kakie izmeneniya v proekte dolzhny byt' sdelany, chtoby poluchit' proekt s otritsatel'nym koehffitsientom poroznosti. Proekt poluchil dal'nejshee razvitie v posleduyushchikh issledovaniyakh, v khode kotorykh opredeleny osushchestvimye izmeneniya dlya proekta, i proekt MCBR s otritsatel'nym koehffitsientom poroznosti byl, v konechnom schete, dostignut. (author)

  16. Thermal Shock Tests on UO{sub 2} Small Spheres; Essais de choc thermique sur des elements spheriques de UO{sub 2}; Ispytaniya nebol'shikh sharikov iz UO{sub 2} teplovykh udarom; Ensayo de pequenas esferas de UO{sub 2} por choque.termico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perona, G.; Brutto, E.; Galbusera, U.; Palladino, G.; Sesini, R. [Centro Informazioni Studi Esperienze, Milan (Italy)

    1963-11-15

    exponen los resultados obtenidos. La aplicacion de este metodo presenta, al parecer, considerable interes, sobre todo en lo que concierne a las investigaciones encaminadas a mejorar las caracteristicas de las esferas de UO{sub 2} por medio de aditivos. En e fecto, permite verificar el efecto global con una sola medicion. (author) [Russian] Ispol'zuya malye pariki iz UO{sub 2} v kachestve yadernogo topliva v reaktore, gde oni nakhodyatsya v soprikosnovenii s teplonositelem, neobkhodimo znat' maksimal'nuyu pri rabochem rezhime reaktora velichinu termicheskikh napryazhenij, kotorye mogut vyderzhivat' bez povrezhdeniya ehti shariki. Esli izvestny fizicheskie svojstva materiala, to mozhno rasschitat' ehti napryazheniya pri rabochem rezhime. Odnako vvidu mnogochislennosti podlezhashchikh uchetu faktorov i neizbezhnoj doli neopredelennosti kazhdogo iz nikh predstavlyaetsya predpochtitel'nym provesti neposredstvennye ispytaniya ehtikh sharikov, podvergnuv ikh tem zhe napryazheniyam, kakie oni ispytyvayut v reaktore. V nastoyashchej rabote byl izuchen metod teplovogo udara v primenenii k malym sharikam i ukazyvayutsya usloviya, pri kotorykh ehtot metod pozvolyaet proizvesti napryazheniya, neposredstvenno sravnimye s temi, kotorye sushchestvuyut v reaktore. V sluchae malykh sharikov zatrudnenie zaklyuchaetsya v osushchestvlenii okhlazhdeniya, pozvolyayushchego dostigat' ochen' bol'shikh znachenij koehffitsienta poverkhnostnoj teploperedachi. Opisyvayutsya ehksperimental'nye metody i soobshchayutsya poluchennye rezul'taty. Primenenie ehtogo' metoda, po-vidimomu., predstavlyaet bol'shoj interes, v osobennosti v oblasti tekhnologicheskikh izyskanij s tsel'yu uluchsheniya svojstv malykh sharikov iz UO{sub 2} putem vklyucheniya dobavochnykh komponentov. Fakticheski,ehtot metod daet vozmozhnost' pri pomoshchi odnogo tol'ko izmereniya kontrolirovat' izuchaemoe vozdejstvie. (author)

  17. Tracer Experiments on Food Exchange in Ants and Termites; Emploi des radioindicateurs dans l'etude de la trophallaxis chez les fourmis et les termites; Izuchenie s pomoshch'yu indikatorov obmena pishchej u murav'ev i termitov; Empleo de indicadores radiactivos para estudiar la trofalaxia en las hormigas y los termites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gosswald, K.; Kloft, W. [Institute of Applied Zoology, University of Wurzburg, Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)

    1963-09-15

    pomoshch'yu mechennoj radioaktivnymi veshchestvami pishchi my izuchili, kakie kategorii i kasty termitov (Kalotermes flavicollis Fabr.) sposobny k pryamomu pitaniyu i kakie pitayutsya trofollakti-cheskoj pishchej, otrygivaemoj kormil'tsami izo rta v rot ili poluchaemoj iz pryamoj kishki poslednikh. Naibolee ehffektivnymi yavlyayutsya psevdorabochie. My takkhe pytalis' ob''yasnit' s pomoshch'yu indikatornykh metodov prichiny bol'shej prodolzhitel'nosti khizni i bol'shej agressivnosti grupp termitov po sravneniyu s otdel'nymi izolirovannymi osobyami. Psevdorabochie Kalotermes flavicollis metilis' J''1''3''1. Posle kormleniya nekotorye iz mechenykh termitov byli izolirovany poodinochke, a iz drugikh termitov obrazovany gruppy, vklyuchayushchie takkhe nemechenykh osobej. Izmeriv ehffektivnyj period poluraspada i rasschitav biologicheskij poluperiod, kotoryj prekhde vsego zavisit ot skorosti vydeleniya, my obnarukhili, chto indikator dol'she ostaetsya v gruppe (kogda gruppa rassmatrivaetsya kak edinoe tse loe), chem u izolirovannykh osobej. EHto mokhno ob'yasnit' izmerennym trofollakticheskim obmenom pishchej i povtornoj tsirkulyatsiej sredi otdel'nykh osobej, sostavlyayushchikh gruppu. Analogichnye rezul'taty Mti poluchili s dvumya gruppami murav'ev, otnosyashchimisya k razlichnym podsemejstvam. Bol'shaya ehkonomiya v potreblenii pishchi i drugikh veshchestv mokhet byt' faktorom, sposobstvuyushchim ''gruppovym dejstviyam'' obshchestvennykh nasekomykh. Rassmatrivayutsya spetsial'nye problemy metodov sravnitel'nykh izmerenij khivushchikh otdel'no osobej i grupp nasekomykh. (author)

  18. Kata Pengantar Redaksi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redaksi Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi

    2014-04-01

    7.5% dari sampel penelitiandinyatakan positif menderita diabetes. Hal ini terjadi karena pengaruh lingkungan dan pola makandi daerah tersebut. Juga akibat meningkat atau tingginya penghasilan masyarakat di wilayah ini yangkadang membuat mereka mengkonsumsi makanan tinggi lemak yang berlebihan. Kurang tersedianyamakanan sehat yang tinggi serat juga berpengaruh terhadap pola konsumsi masyarakat. Tahun 2011,Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Bali mencatat setidaknya lebih dari 2000 orang terdeteksi menderita diabetesdan penderita terbanyak berumur 20 tahun, dan masih sangat banyak yang tidak terdeteksi.Penyakit kencing manis muncul saat tubuh tidak lagi mampu memproduksi cukup hormon insulinuntuk mengatur kadar gula darah yang normal. Kadar gula yang berlebihan di darah inilah yangmengakibatkan banyak organ tubuh tidak dapat berfungsi secara normal. Dimulai dengan rusaknyapembuluh darah kecil di perifer tubuh diantaranya pada kaki yang menyulitkan pada penyembuhan lukakarena sel darah putih tidak dapat mencapai luka dan membantu dalam proses penyembuhannya. Jikatetap tidak terkontrol baik dengan pola hidup sehat atau obat, kerusakan pembuluh darah ini akan diikutioleh kerusakan pembuluh darah di organ lain dalam tubuh yang dikenal sebagai komplikasi ke mata,jantung, ginjal dan otak. Faktor resiko penyakit ini diantaranya obesitas atau kegemukan, kurangnyaaktivitas fisik, faktor keturunan, mengkonsumsi makanan tinggi lemak dan gula berlebihan, kurangnyamengkonsumsi makanan tinggi serat antara lain buah dan sayuran.Jika Anda bergerak dalam bidang usaha, termasuk usaha perbankan harus memahami GoodCorporate Governance (GCG yaitu prinsip-prinsip yang memberikan arahan dan pedoman bagiperusahaan termasuk perusahaan di sektor perbankan agar mencapai keseimbangan dalam memberikanpertanggungjawabannya baik kepada para shareholders dan stakeholders. Mematuhi prinsip-prinsipGCG atau tata kelola perusahaan yang baik berarti perusahaan sudah berperilaku yang baik sertamempunyai arah menuju

  19. Power Reactor Design at Zero Power; Etudes de Reacteurs de Puissance, au Moyen de Machines de Puissance Zero; Konstruktsiya ehnergeticheskogo reaktora nulevoj moshchnosti; Diseno de Reactores Generadores con Ayuda de Reactores de Potencia Nula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redman, W. C.; Plumlee, K. E.; Baird, Q. L. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    1964-02-15

    obsuzhdenii programm ob{sup j}asnjajutsja obstojatel'stva, vlijajushhie na vybor jeksponen- cial'nyh i chisto kriticheskih sborok, maketov ustanovok nulevoj moshhnosti i jeksperimen- tov na samom reaktore dlja poluchenija neobhodimyh dannyh, a takzhe ta rol', kotoruju igrajut vspomogatel'nye analiticheskie raboty. Na konkretnyh primerah pokazyvaetsja, kakie mo- gut byt' polucheny dannye do nachala raboty reaktora na moshhnosti. Jeti dannye vkljuchajut ostatochnuju reaktivnost' vykljuchennogo reaktora, zapas reaktivnosti dlja jekspluatacionnyh nuzhd, temperaturnye kojefficienty, jeffektivnost' regulirujushhih i avarijnyh sterzhnej, kinetiku reaktora, harakteristiki proizvodstva jenergii, trebovanija v otnoshenii puskovogo istochnika i chuvstvitel'nosti priborov, trebovanija v otnoshenii zashhity i balans nejtro- nov . V obzore nedavnih jeksperimentov v reaktorah nulevoj moshhnosti vyjavljaetsja bol'shaja rol', kotoruju igrajut v poslednee vremja jeksponencial'nye i kriticheskie sistemy v vypol- nenii Argonskoj laboratoriej zadach po razrabotke konstrukcij reaktorov. Ih rol' v budu- shhem vidna iz kratkogo izlozhenija osushhestvljaemyh i zaplanirovannyh programm dlja sem'i dejstvujushhih reaktorov nulevoj moshhnosti Argonskoj laboratorii i ozhidaemogo popolnenija. (author)

  20. Interesting Developments in UO{sub 2} Technology; Progres interessants dans la technologie du bioxyde d'uranium; Interesnye usovershenstvovaniya tekhnologii UO{sub 2}; Recientes progresos en la tecnologia del UO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, J. A.L. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Chalk River, Ontario (Canada)

    1963-11-15

    vydelenie iz UO{sub 2} gazov, yavlyayushchikhsya produktami deleniya. V chastnosti, uvelichenie oblucheniya s 10{sup 15} do 10{sup 18} delenij/cm{sup 2} mozhet snizit' ochevidnye skorosti diffuzii dlya ksenona v UO{sub 2} pri posleduyushchikh obzhigakh na koehffitsient 10{sup 3}. Gaz, po-vidimomu, uderzhivaetsya v mel'chajshikh lovushkakh, chast' iz kotorykh sushchestvuet v iskhodnom materiale, a chast' obrazuetsya v rezul'tate radiatsionnogo povrezhdeniya. Tshchatel'nyj analiz pokazal sushchestvovanie medlennoj utechki iz lovushek, chto, veroyatno, ob''yasnyaetsya ogranichennoj rastvorimost'yu ksenona v UO{sub 2}. Vozmozhnost' osushchestvleniya izmerenij v reaktore otkryvaet novuyu fazu eshche bolee vazhnykh ehksperimentov. Oni pokazhut, imeyutsya li kakie-libo potentsial'nye ehkonomicheskie preimushchestva v novykh formakh topliva. V to zhe vremya budut prodolzhat'sya nastojchivye razrabotki spechenoj UO{sub 2} v prostoj geometrii sterzhnya. (author)

  1. High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Critical Experiment and its Application to Thorium Absorption Rates; Experience Critique pour l'Etude d'un Reacteur a Haute Temperature, Refroidi par un Gaz et son Application a la Determination des Taux d'Absorption du Thorium; Kriticheskij opyt, postavlennyj na vysokotemperaturnom reaktore s gazovym okhlazhdeniem, i primenenie ego dlya opredeleniya stepeni pogloshcheniya toriya; Experimento Critico Efectuado en un Reactor de Elevada Temperatura Refrigerado por Gas y su Aplicacion para Calcular los Indices de Absorcion del Torio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bardes, R. G.; Brown, J. R.; Drake, M. K.; Fischer, P. U.; Pound, D. C.; Sampson, J. B.; Stewart, H. B. [General Dynamics Corporation,San Diego, CA (United States)

    1964-04-15

    significativo debido a que en las obras publicadas subsiste cierta divergencia en los resultados obtenidos con ambas tecnicas. (author) [Russian] Pri razrabotke idei reaktora HTGR i ego pervogo prototipa v Pich- Bottome prishli k resheniju o neobhodimosti obespechit' sootvetstvujushhie ishodnye dannye dlja provedenija jadernogo analiza. Konkretnye potrebnosti teorii jadernogo proektirovanija na ishodnyh dannyh otnositel'no pogloshhenija torija priveli k sozdaniju jeksperimental'nogo proekta, sostojashhego iz kriticheskoj sborki tipa sborki s central'noj reshetkoj s okruzhajushhim ammortizatorom i peredvizhnymi aktivnymi zonami. Sborka takogo tipa, v kotoroj v sravnitel'no nebol'shoj central'noj reshetke s zhelaemoj geometriej mozhet byt' ustanovlen predstavljajushhij interes spektr, javljaetsja poleznoj ustanovkoj dlja poluchenija raznoobraznyh ishodnyh dannyh v celjah provedenija jadernogo analiza novyh idej. Obsuzhdajutsja konkretnye preimushhestva jetogo metoda po sravneniju so stroitel'stvom sborki-modeli, a takzhe rol' teorii v opredelenii, kakie opyty javljajutsja naibolee poleznymi i kak jeti opyty zatem ispol'zujutsja pri proverke metodov proektirovanija. - Byli razrabotany dva sravnitel'no novyh metoda dlja ispol'zovanija v sborke reshetok - metod izmerenija kolebanij reaktivnosti dlja opredelenija kojefficienta Dopplera dlja torija i metod aktivacii dlja opredelenija kak rezonansnogo integrala torija, dispergirovannogo v grafite, tak i ego zavisimosti ot temperatury (kojefficient aktivacii Dopplera). Pri izmerenii kojefficienta Dopplera putem opredelenija kolebanij reaktivnosti ves' central'nyj toplivnyj jelement ispol'zovalsja takim obrazom, chto byla vozmozhnost' osushhestvit' nagrev toplivnogo jelementa do 800 Registered-Sign F i tochno opredelit' opytnym putem teplovye jeffekty, t.e. te jeffekty, kotorye ne okazyvajut vlijanija na velichinu rezonansvogo zahvata torija. Sravnenie rezul'tatov s teoriej dlja rjada uslovij svidetel'stvuet o prekrasnom soglasovanii

  2. A Multi-Scaler Recording System and its Application to Radiometric ''Off-Line'' Analysis; Systeme d'Enregistrement a Echelles de Comptage Multiples et son Appucation aux Analyses Radlometriques Hors Circuit; Mul'tiskalyarnaya registriruyushchaya sistema i ee primenenie k radiometricheskim i ''vnelinejnym'' analizam; Un Sistema de Registro de Multiples Escalimetros y su Aplicacion al Analisis Radiometrico Discontinuo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bisby, H. [Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1966-02-15

    , trebujushhajasja dlja kontrolja i ucheta, osnovyvaetsja na jeffektivnom ispol'zovanii laboratornyh metodov i priborov dlja tochnogo analiza harakternyh obrazcov, vzjatyh iz tehnologicheskogo potoka. Jeti metody, i v chastnosti te, kotorye svjazany s impul'snymi schetnymi sistemami, mogut byt' avtomatizirovany s pomoshh'ju sovremennyh priborov, takih, kakie budut opisany v doklade, i ot kotoryh dannye poluchajutsja v vide cifr v jelektronnyh nakopiteljah (pere- schetnye ustrojstva). Dlja upravlenija bol'shim zavodom nuzhno imet' mnogo nezavisimo upravljaemyh otdel'nyh schetnyh sistem takogo roda i, takim obrazom, ne imejushhih mezhdu soboj vremennoj korreljacii. Avtomaticheskaja sistema zapisi dannyh, opisannaja v nastojashhem doklade, predstavljaet soboj ustrojstvo otscheta pokazanij obshhih dannyh bolee, chem 50 nezavisimo dejstvujushhih schetnyh sistem, dannyh zapisyvajushhego schetnogo ustrojstva, a takzhe obrazca i sistemy identifikacii i absoljutno tochnogo vremeni kazhdogo otscheta pokazanij. Dannye mogut zapisyvat'sja v takom vide, kotoryj prigoden dlja posledujushhej obrabotki na vychislitel'noj mashine, na razlichnogo roda lentah i perfokartah, posledovatel'no ili parallel'no pechatajushhih ustrojstvah ili magnitnyh. Krome togo, mozhno avtomaticheski proverjat' pravil'nost' raboty, zapisyvajushhej sistemy, vkljuchaja pereschetnye ustrojstva v ljuboj sisteme, chto ne otrazhaetsja na rabote drugih schetnyh sistem. Delaetsja vyvod, chto jeffektivnyj kolichestvennyj kontrol' na zavode osnovyvaetsja na bystrom ischerpyvajushhem analize obrazcov v laboratornyh uslovijah. Verojatno v budushhem vozmozhno i bolee celesoobrazno razrabotat' ustrojstvo ''vne potoka'', a ne priborov na potoke. Daetsja obzor zhelatel'nyh harakteristik priborov v takoj laboratorii, i na primere demonstriruetsja cennost' ispol'zovannyh priborov i tochnoj gibkoj sistemy registracii dannyh. Upominajutsja vozmozhnye razrabotki v budushhem v oblasti obrabotki dannyh, kotorye mogut privesti k sozdaniju

  3. Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Insects and Other Arthropods; Effet des rayonnements ionisants sur les insectes et autres arthropodes; Vozdejstvie ioniziruntsej radiatsii na nasekomykh i drugikh chlenistonogikh; Efectos de las radiaciones ionizantes sobre los insectos y otros artropodos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, William E. [United States Department of Agriculture Laboratories, Mexico City, D.F (Mexico)

    1963-09-15

    razvedeniya nasekomykh v massovykh kolichestva. S drugoj storony, nekotorye vidy nasekomykh yavlyayutsya nastol'ko mnogochislennymi, chto primenenie ehtogo metoda mozhet okazat'sya neosushchestvimym bez predvaritel'noj obrabotki zarazhennogo rajona drugimi sredstvami istrebleniya dlya privlecheniya na dostupnoe rasstoyanie populyatsij nasekomykh. Nesmotrya na ehti zatrudneniya, pri blagopriyatnykh obstoyatel'stvakh vryad li kakie-libo drugie metody istrebleniya vrednykh nasekomykh predstavlyayutsya stol' zhe perspektivnymi. Metod sterilizatsii pri pomoshchi radiatsii mozhet sluzhit' sposobom otdaleniya invazii do okonchaniya sbora urozhaya. V doklade soobshchaetsya o vozdejstvii gamma-izlucheniya na potentsial razmnozheniya, polovuyu agressivnost', silu i zhivuchest' vostochnoj plodovoj mukhi Rasiv dorsalis (Hendel), dynnoj mukhi Dacus cucurbltae (Coq.), sredizemnomorskoj plodovoj mukhi Ceratltla capitata (Wied.), meksikanskoj plodovoj mukhi Anastrepha ludens (Loew) i malyarijnogo komara Anopheles quadrlmaculatus (Say); v doklade privodyatsya takzhe rezul'taty prakticheskikh ispytanij vypuske sterilizovannykh samtsov na opytnoe pole dlya istrebleniya populyatsij. Daetsya opisanie dal'nejshego khoda kampanii po istrebleniyu bych'ego ovoda Cochliomyla homlnlvorax (Cqrl.) v Soedinennykh Shtatakh Ameriki i izucheniya razvedeniya sil'nykh, geneticheski markirovannykh osobej, kotorye pozvolyat legko vyyavlyat' vypushchennykh na votgyu sterilizovannykh ovodov. Obsuzhdayutsya takzhe rezul'taty issledovanij po oblucheniyu 6 dopolnitel'nykh vidov vreditelej, porazhayushchikh frukty, ovoshchi, polevye i lesnye kul'tury, 3 vidov, porazhaptsikh skot, i 3 vidov, napadayushchikh glavnym obrazom na cheloveka, a takzhe vozdejstvie oblucheniya ka skorpionov Centruroides limpidus (Karsch), odnozvezdchatogo kleshcha AshYuovdaa americanum (L.); dalee obsuzhdaetsya vozmozhnost' ispol'zovaniya ioniziruitsego izlucheniya v kachestve vozmozhnogo garantijnogo sredstva dlya dezinfestatsii ovoshchej i

  4. Applications of Fluorine-18 in Biological Studies with Special Reference to Bone and Thyroid Physiology; Emploi du Fluor-18 dans des Études Biologiques, Notamment sur la Physiologie des Os et de la Thyroïde; ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ФТОРА-18 В БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯХ С УДЕЛЕНИЕМ ОСОБОГО ВНИМАНИЯ ВОПРОСАМ ФИЗИОЛОГИИ КОСТЕЙ И ФИЗИОЛОГИИ ПИТОВИДНОЙ ЖЕЛЕЗЫ; Aplicaciones del Fluor-18 en Estudios Biologicos, con Especial Referencia a la Fisiologia del Esqueleto y de la Tiroides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anbar, M. [Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel); IAEC Soreq Research Establishment, Rehovot (Israel)

    1963-03-15

    , chto fiziologicheskoe povedenie F{sup -} vo mnogom analogichno povedeniju kal'cija; okazalos', chto nakoplenie R {approx} v kostjah uvelichivaetsja pod vlijaniem vitamina D i teosterona, v to vremja kak kortizon i jestrogeny umen'shajut stepen' nakoplenija ftora. Pri vvedenii ftora v vide kationnogo kompleksa harakter ego raspredelenija v organizme izmenjalsja. Bylo ustanovleno, chto mechennye F{sup 18}YF{sup ++} i ZF{sup +3} podchinjajutsja pravilam raspredelenija ishodnyh kationov. Bylo pokazano, chto iony ftoroboratov nakaplivajutsja v shhitovidnoj zheleze v kolichestve, sravnimom s nakopleniem ionov ioda. Iony ftoroboratov ne vstupajut v kakie-libo organicheokie svjazi v shhitovidnoj zheleze, i ih pogloshhenie javljaetsja specificheskim pokazatelem funkcii stadii zahvata dlja zhelezy. Ftoroboraty, mechennye R1v primenjajutsja d.;ja reshenija razlichnyh problem fiziologii shhitovidnoj zhelezy. Pokazano, chto TSH umen'shaet pogloshhenie BF; v pervye neskol'ko chasov posle vvedenija i uvelichivaet cherez 24 chasa. BF{sub 4}{sup -} okazyval takoe zhe tormozjashhee dejstvie na process pogloshhenija joda, kak i zhelezo, med', cink, kadmij, ftoristme soedinenija, tiocianat i drugie ionm, chto ukazyvaet na narushenie' fazy zahvata. Pri provedenii analogichnoj serii opytov bylo obnaruzheno, chto soedinenija, soderzhashhie sul'fgidril'nye gruppy, ravno kak i iony azida, uvelichivajut zahvat vtoro- boratov, hotja i umen'shajut obshhee pogloshhenie joda. Dalee, bylo pokazano, chto v faze zahvata chuvstvitel'nost' k oblucheniju znachitel'no men'she, chem v stadijah obrazovanija i vydelenija tiroksina. Ftoroboraty, mechennye F{sup 18}, shiroko primenjalis' dlja opredelenija lokalizacii mozgovyh opuholej o pomoshh'ju napravlennogo skanniruhvcego ustrojstva na sovpadenijah, vvidu ogranichennoj pronicaeyooti Dlja jetih ionov nepovrezhdennogo gematojencefalicheskogo bar'era. Byod polucheny i primenjalis' v issledovanijah fiziologii kostej ftoroaromaticheskie komplekso- obrazuhhcie

  5. Review of the United States Army Wholesomeness of Irradiated Food Program (1955-1966); Apercu du Programme d'Etudes de l'Armee des Etats Unis sur la Comestibilite des Produits Alimentaires Irradies (1955-1966); Obzor programmy Amerikanskoj armii po voprosu sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh'kachestv obluchennykh pishchevykh produktov (1955-1966); Programa del Ejercito de Los Estados Unidos Relativo a la Comestibilidad de los Alimentos Irradiados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raica, N. Jr. [United States Army Medical Research And Nutrition Laboratory, Fitzsimons General Hospital, Denver, CO (United States); Howie, D. L. [United States Army Medical Research and Development Command, Office of the Surgeon General, Washington, DC (United States)

    1966-11-15

    proporcion de 32% a 100%. Se llego a las siguientes conclusiones: a) los alimentos irradiados con rayos gamma o con electrons de 10 MeV, en dosis de 5,6 Mrad como maximo, sori tan comestibles como los alimentos no irradiados; b) en general, las perdidas de vitaminas por'irradiacion son analogas a las que produce el tratamiento termico; c) en los alimentos irradiados con cobalto-60 o con electrones de 10 MeV no existe radiactividad inducida detectable; d). los alimentos irradiados son, en general, tan aceptables como los no irradiados. En vista de estas conclusiones, la autoridad competente de los Estados Unidos ha aprobado la irradiacion de los siguientes alimentos: tocino, dosis de 4,5 Mrad, cobalto-60 o electrones de 10 MeV; trigo y derivados, dosis de 50 krad, cobalto-60; patatas, dosis de 10 krad, electrones de 2 MeV; Se estan estudiando o tramitando otras autorizaciones. (author) [Russian] Armija SShA shiroko izuchala mnogie voprosy, kasajushhiesja primenenija ionizirujushhego obluchenija dlja sohranenija pishhevyh produktov. . Rassmatrivajutsja dannye, otvechajushhie na vopros o sohranenii vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh.kachestv(s tochki zrenija toksikologii, pitatel'nosti i, chastichno, mikrobiologicheskoj bezopasnosti) obluchennyh pishhevyh produktov. Bylo zaversheno izuchenie rezul'tatov dlitel'nogo kormljonija zhivotnyh i pokazano, chto obluchennye pishhevye produkt sohranjajut svoi kachestva v toj zhe stepeni, i, kak pravilo, tak zhe prjjomlemy, kak'i pishhevye produkty, obrabotannye obychnym sposobom. Dannye byli polucheny blagodarja usilijam bolee-30 universitetskih, kommercheskih i pravitel'stvennyh laboratorij i vkljuchajut v sebja rezul'taty kormlenija obluchennymi pishhevymi produktami (mjaso, ryba, frukty, juvoshhi i -dr. - vsego 21: vid) 15 000 myshej, 5000 roditel'skih pokolenij krys, 300 sobak i 37 obez'jan. Kak pravilo, produkty byli oblucheny dozami do 2,79 i 5,58 megarada. Istochnikami obluchenija sluzhili otrabotavshie toplivnye, sterzhni, ustanovki s kobal