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Sample records for capital proprio para

  1. A proposal for evaluation of the owner capital cost for the Brazilian electric power sector; Uma proposta de avaliacao do custo do capital proprio para o setor de energia eletrica brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Ricardo Oliveira L.

    2003-12-01

    This work studies the owner capital cost of the brazilian electric sector, according to three methods: Comparable Accounting Earnings, that uses historical values in its measuring and Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) and the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), elaborated from the expected values. The obtained results by using the CAE method showed that the Brazilian electric sector has not been rewarded in its real necessity of maintenance and expansion. From this observation, it was considered appropriated not to take this method in the methodology presently proposed, which will be using only the single average of the CAPM and DCF models. The use of the results single average of this model presents the advantage of selecting specific characteristics of each one, and diluting the effects of occasional peak values. The owner capital cost obtained from this work was the average value of 19.73% for the studied period - 1995/2003 (17.12% for 2003), proximate to the obtained result by ANEEL - brazilian agency of electric power - for investments in energy distribution in Brazil, 17.47%, while Minardi and Sanvicente (2003) obtained 36.06% for the owner capital cost of CEMIG in 2002, specifically.

  2. A proposal for evaluation of the owner capital cost for the Brazilian electric power sector; Uma proposta de avaliacao do custo do capital proprio para o setor de energia eletrica brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Ricardo Oliveira L.

    2003-12-01

    This work studies the owner capital cost of the brazilian electric sector, according to three methods: Comparable Accounting Earnings, that uses historical values in its measuring and Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) and the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), elaborated from the expected values. The obtained results by using the CAE method showed that the Brazilian electric sector has not been rewarded in its real necessity of maintenance and expansion. From this observation, it was considered appropriated not to take this method in the methodology presently proposed, which will be using only the single average of the CAPM and DCF models. The use of the results single average of this model presents the advantage of selecting specific characteristics of each one, and diluting the effects of occasional peak values. The owner capital cost obtained from this work was the average value of 19.73% for the studied period - 1995/2003 (17.12% for 2003), proximate to the obtained result by ANEEL - brazilian agency of electric power - for investments in energy distribution in Brazil, 17.47%, while Minardi and Sanvicente (2003) obtained 36.06% for the owner capital cost of CEMIG in 2002, specifically.

  3. A proposal of cost evaluation of own capital for the Brazilian electric sector; Uma proposta de avaliacao do custo do capital proprio para o setor de energia eletrica brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, Ricardo Oliveira L.

    2003-12-01

    This work studies the own capital cost of the Brazilian electric sector, by using three methodologies: Comparable Accounting Results (CAR), using historical values for measurement, Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) and the CAPM, elaborated from expected values.The obtained results by using the CAR method indicated that the Brazilian electric power sector is not receiving remuneration according to the real maintenance and expansion necessities. Based on this observation, it was considered appropriated to discard the CAR method in the proposed methodology, therefore using the simply average of the CAPM e DCF models. By using the simply average of the models presents the advantage of capturing specific characteristics of each model, and to dilute effects of eventual extreme values.

  4. Wind energy in Brazil. Systemic risks and the cost of the own capital in the context of the cleaning development mechanism; Energia eolica no Brasil. Riscos sistemicos e o custo do capital proprio no contexto do mecanismo de desenvolvimento limpo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lisboa, Cristines [IBMEC, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)], E-mail: cristines.lisboa@gmail.com; Hauser, Philip, E-mail: philipphauser@web.de; Medeiros, Anamelia, E-mail: anameliam@yahoo.com.br

    2010-07-01

    This paper analyses the capital cost of technology based on the CDM rules and the financial practice established and applied by the ANEEL, viewing the establishment of a reference rate for the discussion of financial additional of the projects.

  5. Confianza y capital social: evidencia para México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Martínez-Cárdenas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde la perspectiva económica la confianza entre los miembros de una sociedad está asociada al funcionamiento eficiente de los mercados, al reforzamiento de contratos y, en general, a la capacidad para generar desarrollo y bienestar. En este artículo exploramos empíricamente los determinantes de la confianza en México, en particular, aislamos la relación entre dos medidas de capital social, una para el individuo y otra para su entorno. Nuestros resultados muestran que la confianza aumenta con estas medidas de capital social y con ausencia de se - gregación es mayor en comunidades pequeñas, a mayor edad y para habitantes del centro-occidente, entre otras.

  6. CAPITAL SOCIAL: IMPORTANCIA DE LAS MEDICIONES PARA COLOMBIA

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    Julio Foliaco-Gamboa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The social capital as new research paradigm contributes to find out answers to big differences between social and economic development. International institutions and countries have intensified on these researches since the eighty´s decade. The specific purposes are: 1. Analyzing the concept of social capital as a new and universal research paradigm; 2. Enhance the results of measurements and research made in Colombia with Professor John Sudarsky’s leadership since 1997; 3. Compare the national measurements of social capital with those of other countries and regions; 4. Establish the structural reasons of the Colombian low social capital, making some reflections towards its improvement.

  7. ESTRATEGIA PARA INTEGRAR LA GESTIÓN DEL CAPITAL HUMANO A LA GESTIÓN EMPRESARIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Margarita Rodríguez Ariosa; Diana Salazar Fernández; Ileana Hernández Darias; Maria Sonia Fleitas Triana

    2010-01-01

    El artículo presenta el diseño e implementación de una estrategia para la integración de la gestión del capital humano a la estrategia empresarial, aplicada en el Grupo de la Construcción de Varadero y sus diez empresas en perfeccionamiento. La estrategia de gestión del capital humano parte de determinar fundamentos metodológicos que permitan desprender la concepción utilitaria de la gestión y responder a la interrogante de cómo perfeccionar la gestión del capital humano para que se integre m...

  8. ESTRATEGIA PARA INTEGRAR LA GESTIÓN DEL CAPITAL HUMANO A LA GESTIÓN EMPRESARIAL

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    Margarita Rodríguez Ariosa

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta el diseño e implementación de una estrategia para la integración de la gestión del capital humano a la estrategia empresarial, aplicada en el Grupo de la Construcción de Varadero y sus diez empresas en perfeccionamiento. La estrategia de gestión del capital humano parte de determinar fundamentos metodológicos que permitan desprender la concepción utilitaria de la gestión y responder a la interrogante de cómo perfeccionar la gestión del capital humano para que se integre mejor a la estrategia empresarial en función de la efectividad en el GECV. Se describe la implementación de la estrategia en fases que parten de un diagnóstico de la gestión del capital humano enfocada al cumplimiento de la estrategia empresarial. El monitoreo y retroalimentación de la propuesta realizada evidencia que la gestión del capital humano desde su concepción impacta en los resultados de los indicadores de eficiencia de las empresas.AbstractThe article presents the design and implementation of a strategy for the integration of human capital management into business strategy, applied to the Varadero´s Construction Group and its ten enterprises. The strategy of human capital management starts from determining methodological foundations to allow the release of the utilitarian conception of management and to answer the question about how to improve human capital management to be better integrated with business strategy in terms of effectiveness in the GECV. The implementation of the strategy is described in phases, starting from a diagnosis of human capital management compliance-focused business strategy. Monitoring and feedback of the proposal made clear that human capital management impacts, since its inception, on the results of efficiency indicators of enterprises.

  9. Modelo dinámico para estimar la estructura óptima de capital para una PYME minera

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Venegas Martínez; Salvador Cruz Aké; Juan Segovia Aldape

    2008-01-01

    Este trabajo replantea el concepto de estructura óptima de capital para las pequeñas y medianas empresas del sector minero (PYMES mineras) a través del uso de la optimización dinámica estocástica. Se encuentra, bajo los supuestos de una estructura plana de la tasa de interés, mercados perfectos y normalidad de la fuente de riesgo, que se cumple la «irrelevancia de la estructura de capital» propuesta por Modigliani y Miller. También se muestra en forma empírica el impacto sobre el empleo del u...

  10. Emprendimiento e Innovación para la Construcción de Capital Social

    OpenAIRE

    Bermúdez; JC. Láscaris; T. Chinchilla A. Vargas M. Ramírez H. Aguilar G. Navarro O. Vargas Y. Villalobos G. Castro W. Corrales X. Coto M. Córdoba S. Candelario M. Jeletzcheva M. De La Rosa M.

    2010-01-01

    "...Como resultado del trabajo de la Red MUNDO, adscrita al Programa "Comercio, Tecnología e Innovación", de la Escuela de Relaciones Internacionales, y en función del problema y perspectivas epistemológicas comunes, en esta obra colectiva sus autores realizan una construcción teórica-conceptual con ejemplificación empírica para responder: ¿xómo las experiencias de emprendimiento e innovación son claves de éxito para la construcción de capital social?, para su uso en la docenci...

  11. Un enfoque dinámico para el estudio de la estructura de capital en Colombia (modelo de estructura eficiente de capital)

    OpenAIRE

    Grajales Bedoya, Duván Darío

    2008-01-01

    El estudio de la existencia de una estructura de capital ha sido estudiada en dos vías: una corriente teórica que afirma la existencia de una estructura óptima de capital y una segunda corriente que niega dicha existencia. Una de las preguntas más inquietantes es definir si existe realmente una relación entre el valor de una compañía y la forma en la cual financia el capital requerido para la operación que sustente dicho valor vía sus flujos de caja futuros. El presente trabajo de tesis hace ...

  12. Un sistema de visualización para el Capital Intelectual Un sistema de visualización para el Capital Intelectual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Darío Parra Mesa

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objetivo proponer un sistema de visualización y medición del Capital Intelectual de las organizaciones. Para ello se hace una breve introducción en la que seda contexto sobre los conceptos de medios intangibles de generación de valor, Capital Intelectual y Gestión del Conocimiento. Posteriormente se hace un análisis comparativo de las dos metodologíasde visualización de intangibles que mayor acogida están teniendo en el ambiente empresarial. Semiran las ventajas y desventajas de cada una, así como sus similitudes donde las hay. Por último, sepropone un modelo que, tomando los aspectos positivos de las metodologías analizadas previamentey tratando de minimizar sus aspectos negativos, lleva a una metodología fácilmente aplicable en lasorganizaciones de todo tipo (tanto con ánimo de lucro, como sin él para identificar y medir susrecursos intangibles y mostrarlos a todos aquellos que tengan algún interés en la organización.This article proposes a visualization and measurement system for the organizations’ Intellectual Capital. In the introduction, the article provides context about some concepts like  intangible means for value generation, intellectual capital and knowledge management. Next, the article makes a comparative analysis of the two most successful methodologies for value visualization, currently in use in organizations. It analyses the pros and cons of each methodology and its similarities. Finally, the article proposes a model that takes advantage of the positive aspects and minimizes the negative aspects of the aforementioned methodologies. This model is easily applicable to all kinds of organizations —either profit or non-profit— and helps to identify and measure its intangible resources, making them visible to the stakeholders.

  13. Habitus, campo y capital: Elementos para una teoría general del capital político Habitus, countryside and capital: Elements for a general theory of political capital

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    Alfredo Joignant

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La teoría sociológica de Pierre Bourdieu proporciona los fundamentos para identificar y tipificar los capitales en los que se basa la dominación en diversos campos sociales. Sobre esta base teórica, se busca explicitar los principales elementos para una teoría general del capital político, a través de las nociones de habitus, campo y capital. Se hace dialogar la literatura politológica con la sociología para producir una teoría general del capital político identificando distintas especies, algunas de las cuales permiten acceder al campo político e iniciar carreras en dicho espacio, y son tipificadas a partir de la literatura sobre "élites", "clase" o "personal" político en cinco países (Chile, México, Brasil, Francia y Estados Unidos, mientras que otras permiten explicar las trayectorias de los agentes y la consiguiente reconversión de sus recursos una vez iniciadas las carreras en el campo.The sociological theory of Pierre Bourdieu provides the basis for identifying and typifying the forms of capital on which domination in various social fields is based. This theoretical basis is used to clarify the main elements for a general theory of political capital through the notions of habitus, field and capital. The author engages politological literature in a dialogue with sociology in order to produce a general theory of political capital by identifying certain species. Some of these make it possible to gain access to the political field and embark on a career in this sphere and are typified on the basis of the literature on "elites," "class" or political "personnel" in five countries (Chile, Mexico, Brazil, France and the United States whereas others explain the trajectory of agents and the subsequent reconversion of their resources once they have begun their careers in this field.

  14. El papel del capital social en la ayuda al desarrollo : un primer análisis para la OCDE

    OpenAIRE

    Portela, Marta; Neira, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    En este trabajo se analiza la relación entre el nivel de capital social de un país y su aportación en la ayuda al desarrollo. Varios trabajos han demostrado que esa ayuda sí puede influir en el nivel de capital social en un país y menos los que se han centrado en el papel de los donantes y su nivel de capital social para ver si están relacionados de alguna forma. Dado que el capital social se define como redes, confianza y normas que ayudan a la cooperación cabría esperar qu...

  15. POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS E CAPITAL HUMANO PARA O DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL DA PESCA ARTESANAL

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    João Henrique de Melo Ferraz

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho identifica e analisa as políticas públicas de extensão pesqueira para o desenvolvimento local do Município de Porto de Pedras, Alagoas, entre 2003 e 2009, por meio dos projetos estabelecidos pelo governo. Especificamente, se analisa o capital humano da colônia de pescadores Z-25, frente aos projetos tecnológicos ligados à pesca artesanal. A metodologia utilizada neste trabalho foi a identificação das políticas públicas para o desenvolvimento da pesca artesanal, além de aplicação de questionários semiestruturados com os gestores e técnicos do MPA e da SEAGRI/AL, e pescadores da colônia. Tais entrevistas tiveram a finalidade de analisar o capital humano e de compreender como essas políticas de inovação tecnológicas são incorporadas na pesca. Com os dados identificou-se uma carência de políticas públicas que associem o fomento do capital humano da pesca artesanal com o desenvolvimento local.

  16. CAPITAL SOCIAL ORGANIZACIONAL BASE DE LA SUSTENTABILIDAD ORGANIZACIONAL PARA EL DESARROLLO AMBIENTAL Y ECONÓMICO

    OpenAIRE

    José G. Vargas-Hernández

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza la sustentabilidad de las organizaciones que realizan actividades de explotación del tule Thypha spp en la Laguna de Zapotlán y su impacto en el desarrollo socioeconómico y ambiental de los municipios de Gómez Farías y Zapotlán el Grande. La hipótesis inicial delimita el escaso capital social de las organizaciones limita la sustentabilidad del desarrollo, a pesar de que contribuye al crecimiento de ingresos para más de 300 familias de San Sebastián del Sur y en menor esca...

  17. Capital social para el desarrollo rural: el reto de los mercados financieros

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    Johan Bastiaensena

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Como el mercado está inmerso en una estructura social sus perspectivas de éxito, es decir, las perspectivas para que pueda contribuir a un desarrollo amplio y no-discriminatorio, son determinadas por las características de esa estructura social. Aplicando esa tesis a relaciones mercantiles entre familias rurales y una empresa crediticia rural con objetivos de sostenibilidad financiera, esas relaciones dependen crucialmente de su articulación con el capital social local. Es esta articulación la que influye de manera importante tanto en la sostenibilidad financiera como en la cobertura de la empresa crediticia.

  18. Del Motu Proprio al Concili Vaticà II : un recorregut per la música sagrada del segle XX

    OpenAIRE

    Ripollés Mansilla, Antoni; Peñalver Vilar, José María; Cabedo Mas, Alberto; Ortells Agramunt, Joaquín

    2013-01-01

    The Motu proprio of 1903, has not only normative, but the means proposed to be the basis of this statement, and where to find all faithful and celebrants, a meeting point for liturgical music: the Scholae Cantorum. Pedrell (1841-1922) lead generation called Motu proprio and over the following decades and several edicts and National Congress establishes the model in the future for the chapel of the Spanish dioceses. But in 1955, when Pius XII, shows new orders and the issues surrounding the Sa...

  19. Liderazgo y capital social: Uso de redes como herramienta para el desarrollo sostenible

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    Ronald Antonio Prieto Pulido

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este articulo de investigación, es analizar el Liderazgo y Capital Social, y como las redes se convierten en herramientas para el Desarrollo sostenible. En este orden de ideas, se presenta el liderazgo social como el proceso de construcción de un país, la búsqueda del diálogo como forma participativa de la sociedad, la promoción de la necesidad de una visión de largo y mediano plazo, Por su parte, en el paradigma del capital social para la construcción del desarrollo sostenible, el liderazgo se convierte en un asunto de florecimiento de habilidadesy destrezas adquiridas en un proceso de aprendizaje social. La metodología utilizada en el presente articulo estuvo enfocada en una revisión bibliográfica, sopor- tada por los enfoques de Cárdenas (2007, Castellano (2006, Colmenares y Delgado (2003, Govea y Rodríguez (2004, Kliksberg (2001, Vignolo (2001, y Zambrano (2001, entre otro; la cual permitió concluir que se requieren mecanismos presentes en el liderazgo social que propicien aún mas la participación comunitaria; permitiendo de esta forma la construcción de una nueva sociedad en donde los distintos actores sociales, se integren en un proyecto que, apunte a desarrollos humanos y colectivos más amplios.

  20. TECNOLOGÍA PARA LA GESTIÓN INTEGRADA DE CAPITAL HUMANO HOSPITALARIA

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    Bibiana García-Rovés Placer

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available

    En este artículo se describe la tecnología para la implementación de la gestión integrada de capital humano (TEIGICH en hospitales, la cual consta de cinco etapas, partiendo de caracterizar al hospital, identificar al servicio que se estudie, determinar las oportunidades de mejora,  rediseñar los subprocesos de la Gestión de Capital Humano (GCH y elaborar el Dossier de la Gestión Integrada de Capital Humano (GICH, controlando el proceso y dándole seguimiento. Se usaron técnicas y métodos como: recopilación bibliográfica, encuestas, entrevistas, el método general para resolver problemas, diagrama Causa-Efecto, mapas de   proceso, listas de chequeo, revisión y análisis de documentos y  herramientas informáticas. Se concluyó que el diseño de la tecnología deberá contribuir  a la aplicación de las NC 3000-3002: 2007 del Sistema de GICH en hospitales.

  1. Activos para la gestión del capital humano en megaproyectos de desarrollo de software

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    Yadenis Piñero Pérez

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo expone una experiencia de gestión del capital humano en un megaproyecto de desarrollo de soluciones informáticas en la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas (UCI. La solución propuesta se enfoca a la integración armónica de los procesos de formación y producción. Se presentan los principales enfoques bibliográficos con respecto al tema tratado; se expone para cada uno de los procesos considerados como esenciales en la gestión del capital humano en los megaproyectos en la UCI, los artefactos a crear o utilizar. Se valora el modelo desde diferentes enfoques y se exponen los resultados obtenidos con su aplicación en el proyecto ERP Cuba, donde se destacan los derivados de la aplicación del test estadístico de Wilcoxon que demostró un incremento significativo de la productividad y con ello la efectividad de la propuesta.

  2. O fluxo de capital para as economias emergentes e o grau de desenvolvimento do sistema financeiro

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    Katia Rocha

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar o papel do sistema financeiro doméstico como mitigador de eventos de paradas súbitas e condicionante de fluxos de capital de um grupo de 14 economias emergentes no período de 1999-2013, em especial em face de cenários externos desfavoráveis como aumento dos juros internacionais e aversão ao risco global. Os países analisados - Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, Indonésia, Malásia, México, Peru, Filipinas, Rússia, África do Sul, Tailândia, Turquia e Ucrânia representavam, em agosto de 2014, aproximadamente 80% do índice EMBIPLUS e 60% do índice EMBIGLOBAL. Procurou-se distinguir o efeito sobre diversos tipos de fluxos de capital: Fluxo de entrada de Investimento Externo Direto, Fluxo de entrada de Investimento em Carteira e Fluxo Líquido, com análise de robustez para período desde 1990 e aumento do número de países emergentes. O principal resultado suporta evidências que o fortalecimento do sistema financeiro doméstico - medido com a capitalização bursátil em proporção do PIB - propicia aumento dos fluxos de entrada de capital de todos os tipos de fluxos em todos os modelos analisados, reduzindo a probabilidade de ocorrência de parada súbita do fluxo de Investimento Externo Direto e em alguns casos do fluxo de Carteira, o que motiva políticas públicas que incentivem o desenvolvimento e fortalecimento deste setor. Estimativas também destacam o papel dos fundamentos domésticos, tão importantes quanto os fatores globais nos condicionantes de fluxo de capital e na ocorrência paradas súbitas. Este fato motiva políticas públicas que incentivem o fortalecimento e desenvolvimento das instituições nos países emergentes, e ressalta o papel dos governos na captação de recursos externos.

  3. Formación de capital social para fortalecer la institucionalización de la gobernabilidad

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    Dr. José Guadalupe Vargas Hernández

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta trabajo es analizar algunas implicaciones de los movimientos sociales populares como “expresión” de la gobernabilidad y la formación de capital social para fortalecer la institucionalización de la gobernabilidad. Al mismo tiempo que se obtienen conclusiones se formulan los posibles avances.

  4. Marx sin reservas. Seis tesis para interpretar El capital a partir de la Lógica de Hegel

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Si no es posible comprender el desarrollo de El Capital sin conocer la Ciencia de la lógica, se busca trazar los lineamientos generales para alcanzar dicha comprensión. En seis tesis se ponen de relieve algunos aspectos importantes del pensamiento de Marx que han sido poco tratados, y se dialoga con la tradición marxista para señalar ciertos equívocos y resaltar algunas interpretaciones. Esto permite ofrecer un nuevo cuadro para entender la actitud crítica que adopta el “último” Marx frente a...

  5. Marx sin reservas. Seis tesis para interpretar El capital a partir de la Lógica de Hegel

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    German Daniel Castiglioni

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Si no es posible comprender el desarrollo de El Capital sin conocer la Ciencia de la lógica, se busca trazar los lineamientos generales para alcanzar dicha comprensión. En seis tesis se ponen de relieve algunos aspectos importantes del pensamiento de Marx que han sido poco tratados, y se dialoga con la tradición marxista para señalar ciertos equívocos y resaltar algunas interpretaciones. Esto permite ofrecer un nuevo cuadro para entender la actitud crítica que adopta el “último” Marx frente a la dialéctica de su maestro.

  6. Capital social: herramienta fundamental de las políticas públicas para el desarrollo de las comunidades

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    Yuraima Linares

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo examinar, desde la perspectiva del capital social, considerando la concepción integral de desarrollo, las políticas económicas y públicas. En este sentido, resalta el paradigma del capital social en la formulación de las políticas públicas como un enlace entre los diferentes actores de la sociedad. Se parte de la hipótesis de que "El escaso nivel de estructuración del capital social en el ámbito local reduce la viabilidad y factibilidad de la implementación de políticas públicas para el desarrollo". Finalmente se deduce que, para su viabilidad, se va a requerir de instituciones eficientes y un sistema de apoyo y participación de todos los actores ya que los elevados niveles de capital social permitirán establecer las condiciones para una mayor integración y cooperación.

  7. Incertidumbre, capital social y desarrollo local: enseñanzas para una gobernabilidad sostenible del territorio

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    Roberto Camagni

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un conjunto de reflexiones sobre los cambios que se han producido en los últimos años en cuanto a los problemas de desarrollo local. En particular, enfatiza la fuerte presencia y aumento de incertidumbres y la aceptación de que los problemas territoriales y urbanos son cada vez más complejos. Todo ello se pone en relación con los requerimientos actuales de gobernabilidad y la necesidad de potenciar las instituciones y la cooperación a todos los niveles. Uno de los ejemplos positivos que contempla el artículo es el de los milieux innovateurs, cuyas características revisa como posible referencia para la generación de «capital social», aunque este concepto se toma con un sentido distinto del tradicional en Economía ya que se enfatiza su carácter de «capital de relación». En su parte final, el trabajo subraya las ventajas de la planificación estratégica que se está llevando a cabo en algunas ciudades, entendida como un proceso muy participativo, con acuerdos de cooperación entre los agentes económicos, los ciudadanos y las autoridades locales. La planificación estratégica aplicada a las ciudades, concluye el autor, constituye un excelente instrumento que permite generar nuevas formas de auto-organización y de gobernabilidad de la comunidad que colocan al conjunto de la ciudad, a los ciudadanos y no sólo a la administración local, en el centro de los procesos de decisión y de las transformaciones locales.

  8. CAPITAL SOCIAL ORGANIZACIONAL BASE DE LA SUSTENTABILIDAD ORGANIZACIONAL PARA EL DESARROLLO AMBIENTAL Y ECONÓMICO

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    José G. Vargas-Hernández

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la sustentabilidad de las organizaciones que realizan actividades de explotación del tule Thypha spp en la Laguna de Zapotlán y su impacto en el desarrollo socioeconómico y ambiental de los municipios de Gómez Farías y Zapotlán el Grande. La hipótesis inicial delimita el escaso capital social de las organizaciones limita la sustentabilidad del desarrollo, a pesar de que contribuye al crecimiento de ingresos para más de 300 familias de San Sebastián del Sur y en menor escala de Cd. Guzmán. El método de investigación empleado es el etnográfico, complementado con trabajo de campo apoyado con entrevistas informales, investigación documental y bibliográfica. La principal conclusión es que no existe un equilibrio entre la sustentabilidad de las organizaciones debido al escaso capital social y la sustentabilidad del desarrollo ambiental y económico que debiera ser considerado por el programa de rehabilitación de la Laguna de Zapotlán a efecto de mejorar los niveles de ingreso, rescatar y crear nuevas fuentes de empleo y mejorar los niveles de calidad de vida de las cerca de trescientas familias que dependen del cultivo y explotación artesanal del tule. Se sugiere dar mayor sustentabilidad a las micro y pequeñas empresas artesanales la creación de un programa de asesoría de exportación del producto artesanal derivado del tule a efecto de ampliar el valor agregado que proporciona el manejo propio de los procesos de comercialización en mercados internacionales.

  9. Alternativas para la comprensión de la pobreza: hogares y capital social en México

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Portales; Mariana Gabarrot

    2015-01-01

    En décadas recientes, el capital social se ha visualizado como un elemento clave para el desarrollo tanto en discursos académicos como en programas de política social. Sin embargo, la operacionalización del concepto varía de un lugar a otro, lo que genera debates acerca de sus posibles aportaciones tanto teóricas como empíricas. El presente trabajo argumenta que una definición contextual del capital social contribuye a la construcción de una idea más sofisticada del combate a la pobreza, lo q...

  10. Cultura Innovativa: Prospectiva de las condiciones estratégicas para el desarrollo del capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Carlos Ureña Villamizar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available En toda entidad el desarrollo de la cultura ayuda al crecimiento de lo novedoso, permitiendo que las actividades se lleven de forma fácil y acertadas dejando generar conocimientos manejados por cada uno de los individuos. Tomando en cuenta la realidad de las empresas la cultura innovativa ayuda a mejorar así como generar alternativas en la tecnología utilizadas en las cuales se adaptan los valores y conocimientos aunque muchas veces los empleados se rehúsan a los cambios generando conflictos internos y gerenciales, ahora bien, a nivel latinoamericano se limitan en cumplir con lo establecido en la misma sin tomar en cuenta los avances y cambios tecnológicos que ayudarían al desarrollo de las actividades comerciales y gerencial. En consecuencia, en la industria Bancaria la cultura innovativa se encuentra relacionada con el desarrollo productivo de la misma en donde se toma en cuenta los conocimientos de cada individuo así como de los cambios generados en la tecnología para mejorar las actividades comerciales. Este aspecto considera los planes de mantenimientos preventivos, correctivos, entre otros, en la línea completa de servicios integrados, soluciones de seguridad, y administración de red, que al parecer, sus funciones se ven afectadas por la necesidad de logro, creatividad, pensamiento estratégico.Palabras clave: Cultura; Innovación; Capital; Recurso Humano. Innovative Culture: Prospects of the strategic conditions for the development of human capitalAbstractIn any entity the development of culture helps the growth of the new, allowing activities to be carried easily and successful leaving generate knowledge managed by each one of the individuals. Taking into account the reality of the company’s innovative culture helps to improve as well as build on technology used in which adapt values and alternatives expertise although many times employees refuse to changes generating internal and management, conflicts now, Latin America are

  11. CONSIDERACIONES PRÁCTICAS PARA LA GESTIÓN DEL CAPITAL DE TRABAJO EN LAS PyMES INNOVADORAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Alfonso Vargas Arévalo

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Las PyMES se presentan en la actualidad como las principales empresas generadoras de empleo en Colombia. Son además un segmento empresarial de gran importancia por su contribución al PIB. Sin embargo, muchas de ellas adolecen de la gestión necesaria para convertirlas en unidades innovadoras, autosostenibles y en crecimiento. Hay, por ejemplo, una gran dificultad para obtener financiación, para vender, para generar estrategias de asociación, para gestionar recursos humanos. Este artículo se propone unificar algunos conceptos concernientes a la administración de capital de trabajo de las PyMES. Se hace énfasis en la rentabilidad y se aporta un conjunto de recursos estratégicos que puede contribuir a mejorar la gestión de este tipo de empresas en el contexto colombiano.

  12. Capital semilla para el financiamiento de las nuevas empresas: Avances y lecciones aprendidas en América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Germán Echecopar; Pablo Angelelli; Gastón Galleguillos; Marina Schorr

    2006-01-01

    El presente informe examina los avances y lecciones aprendidas en Argentina, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador y Perú en cuanto a capital semilla para el financiamiento de nuevas empresas con alto potencial de crecimiento (NEAPC). Luego de realizar un inventario de los instrumentos financieros públicos y privados para apoyar a los negocios de rápido crecimiento, el trabajo se concentra en cuatro casos de Chile y Colombia que, por su antigüedad y variedad, ofrecen una interesante oportunidad de apr...

  13. Capital y capital social

    OpenAIRE

    Avalos-Lozano, José Antonio; Barrientos,Jaime; Bolívar Espinoza, Gardy Augusto; Brower Beltramin, Jorge; Cabrera, Cecilia; Caloca Osorio, Oscar Rogelio; Castro Sáez, Bernardo; Ceberio de León, Iñaki; Cleary, Eda; Córdova, María Gabriela; Cuéllar Saavedra, Óscar; Elizalde, Antonio; Flores Vega, Leonel; Gajardo Cornejo, Claudio; Garcés, Alejandro

    2011-01-01

    Desde la década de los noventa, el tema del “capital social” ha sido visto por muchos estudiosos de la realidad social contemporánea como una propuesta promisoria, transversal y hegemónica. Tanto desde la economía, las ciencias morales, la ciencia y la sociología política, expertos de diversas instituciones internacionales han concurrido a este campo en busca de soluciones para el diseño de políticas públicas, que es donde parece brillar más este concepto. El “capital social”, sin embargo, –a...

  14. Capital y capital social

    OpenAIRE

    Avalos-Lozano, José Antonio; Barrientos,Jaime; Bolívar Espinoza, Gardy Augusto; Brower Beltramin, Jorge; Cabrera, Cecilia; Caloca Osorio, Oscar Rogelio; Castro Sáez, Bernardo; Ceberio de León, Iñaki; Cleary, Eda; Córdova, María Gabriela; Cuéllar Saavedra, Óscar; Elizalde, Antonio; Flores Vega, Leonel; Gajardo Cornejo, Claudio; Garcés, Alejandro

    2011-01-01

    Desde la década de los noventa, el tema del “capital social” ha sido visto por muchos estudiosos de la realidad social contemporánea como una propuesta promisoria, transversal y hegemónica. Tanto desde la economía, las ciencias morales, la ciencia y la sociología política, expertos de diversas instituciones internacionales han concurrido a este campo en busca de soluciones para el diseño de políticas públicas, que es donde parece brillar más este concepto. El “capital social”, sin embargo, –a...

  15. INFLUENCIA DE LOS INVERSIONISTAS INSTITUCIONALES EN LAS DECISIONES DE ESTRUCTURA DE CAPITAL DE LA EMPRESA. Evidencia para un mercado emergente

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    Felipe Araya Sepúlveda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza empíricamente la influencia de las Administradoras de Fondos de Pensión (AFP como principales accionistas institucionales, sobre las decisiones de estructura de capital de la empresa chilena. Estos inversionistas pueden influir en la estructura de capital mediante distintos papeles como los de monitoreo a la gestión y de recopilación y transferencia de información al mercado. El análisis es desarrollado durante el periodo 2009-2011 para una muestra de 109 empresas chilenas que cotizan en la bolsa. Las AFP no sólo participan en el mercado accionario sino que también compiten por la deuda pública, por lo que nuestros resultados son relevantes al indicar la positiva influencia de este tipo de inversionistas en la contratación y emisión de deuda, particularmente la pública.

  16. Engajamento cívico e capital social: um modelo interativo para o efeito da confiança interpessoal

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    Alessandro Freire

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A teoria do capital social enfatiza a confiança interpessoal como um facilitador da cooperação entre os indivíduos, crucial para a formação de organizações autônomas da sociedade civil e para o engajamento dos cidadãos em questões de interesse público. Em que pese a centralidade da confiança para o conceito de capital social, pesquisas empíricas recentes têm demonstrado que o seu efeito sobre a participação cívica é, na melhor das hipóteses, fraco. Este artigo propõe um modelo empírico interativo, onde o efeito da confiança interpessoal é condicionado por elementos motivacionais da participação (expectativas de benefícios e percepções de custos. Usando dados do British Election Study (BES de 2005, um survey conduzido no Reino Unido, testo o efeito condicional da confiança sobre a disposição dos indivíduos a se engajarem em diferentes tipos de ações coletivas. Os resultados apontam que o efeito condicional da confiança varia não apenas de acordo com variáveis motivacionais, mas, também, com o tipo de engajamento em questão.

  17. La Red Capital Humano: La experiencia de gestión del conocimiento para el sistema de gestión integrada de capital humano en empresas

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    Ileana Hernández Darias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El sistema de gestión integrada del capital humano, se ha establecido como Norma Cubana, NC-3001:2007. El artículo presenta los resultados de la aplicación de una red de conocimiento sobre este sistema para su implementación en empresas en perfeccionamiento que interactúan a través de procesos de aprendizaje organizacional, desde una dimensión innovadora, interpretando la lógica de la conversión del conocimiento. La metodología empleada para la aplicación del procedimiento comprendió: talleres, comunidades de conocimientos, circuitos de innovación y formas organizativas virtuales como web, listas de distribución, boletines electrónicos. Los resultados muestran cómo el procedimiento diseñado contribuyó a la certificación de dicha norma por parte de varias empresas.

  18. El capital social y el valor público como ejes de acción para el desarrollo social

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    Juan Miguel Morales y Gómez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del presente ensayo es describir las teorías capital social y valor público en tanto teorías que son susceptibles de estar integradas bajo la idea de explicación de lo que pude ser recuperado de las organizaciones civiles, a fin de ser éstas las representantes de la sociedad en general para conjugar con el gobierno y su administración pública, políticas públicas acordes a las necesidades de la sociedad, además de que el propio gobierno desde la óptica del valor público no sólo debe conformarse con realizar sus funciones con eficiencia, sino buscar además, esquemas que posibiliten una mejor forma de satisfacer las demandas de la sociedad de manera directa y en términos complementarios generar innovaciones que produzcan un nuevo valor público para el beneficio de la comunidad, así de esta forma, tanto el capital social como el valor público se constituyen como teorías innovadoras para hacer que la sociedad organizada participe con los gobiernos para lograr mejores condiciones de vida y éstos actúen para satisfacer las demandas de la sociedad bajo esquemas de índole estratégico que redundarán en la obtención de los resultados planeados, mediante la participación social.

  19. Análisis de factibilidad del capital de trabajo para la empresa Grafiarte Impresores

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    El presente informe contiene el análisis de la estructura financiera, la organización y la calidad de la gestión actual de la Empresa Grafiarte impresores, en cuanto al capital de trabajo, enmarcados desde el campo de la eficiencia y calidad de la administración desarrollada. Se trabajó con un enfoque analítico el cual permitió conocer la realidad de los procesos que se manejan en cuanto al capital de trabajo, lo anterior mediante la información suministrada por parte de la empresa (estado...

  20. Mujeres y microcréditos. Alcances y limitaciones del concepto de capital social para su estudio

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    Lourdes del Carmen Angulo Salazar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta avances de investigación de un proyecto que tiene como propósito estudiar los esfuerzos asociativos entre mujeres de la región de la costa en el estado de Jalisco, en el marco del programa Sistema de Financiamiento Rural Alternativo (SIFRA y, de manera particular, la ampliación y reformulación de las estrategias de sustento que desarrollan las mujeres con el apoyo del programa de microcréditos citado. En este artículo se discute la pertinencia de adoptar los conceptos de activos y capital social para analizar los resultados a que da lugar el programa y sugiero que es más fructífero emplear esta herramienta conceptual para identificar los recursos relacionales que se comparten y desentrañar los procesos a través de los cuales se constituyen, se dispone de ellos y se ponen a prueba. Argumento, igualmente, que tales procesos no están exentos de conflictos y ejercicio de poder y que el no perder de vista lo anterior puede ayudar a que el concepto de capital social no se convierta en algo normativo y a precisar su capacidad analítica.

  1. La salud para los transgénero en la capital

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Reportaje Radial de 30 minutos de duración, que cuenta el panorama de requerimientos específicos en salud para las personas transgeneristas que habitan en la ciudad.Retrata el problema de la atencion inadecuada en salud para las mujeres transgenero.

  2. Determinantes de la Estructura de Capital para PYMES españolas

    OpenAIRE

    TAPIA BOIL, JOAN BAPTISTA

    2013-01-01

    En el actual estudio se analizan en primer lugar las teorías de la estructura de capital basadas en mercados perfectos como la Tesis Tradicional y la Teoría de la Irrelevancia y, por tanto, no pueden explicar grado de endeudamiento de las Pequeñas y Medianas Empres (PYMES) españolas que compiten en mercados imperfectos. Por esta razón el estudio se centra en las teorías modernas que tratan sobre la información asimétrica provocada por las diferencias de la información entre insiders y outside...

  3. Uma metodologia multicritério (MCDA-C para apoiar o gerenciamento do capital intelectual organizacional.

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    Sandra Rolim Ensslin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Nas duas últimas décadas, o capital intelectual (CI emergiu como fator crucial paraa competitividade organizacional. Nesse contexto, a necessidade do gerenciamentodo CI tem sido destacada na literatura, por meio de abordagens para sua avaliação.Reconhecendo as vantagens dessas abordagens, Schnorrenberger (2005 e Enssline Dutra (2007 apontam sua limitação em não atender, simultaneamente, às trêsetapas do gerenciamento do CI: identificação, avaliação e recomendação de aperfeiçoamento.O objetivo deste trabalho, de caráter exploratório, consiste em construirum modelo de avaliação do CI que englobe seu gerenciamento utilizando ametodologia multicritério para apoio à decisão – construtivista (MCDA-C. Argumenta-se que a proposta conseguiu cumprir a tarefa de identificar os 57 elementosque respondem ao CI da organização pesquisada, avaliando e integrando todos oselementos, possibilitando uma visão global do desempenho e identificando os elementosdo conhecimento como os principais responsáveis pelo desempenho nãocompetitivoda organização.

  4. A EDUCAÇÃO POPULAR PARA ALÉM DO CAPITAL SOCIAL: A CONSCIENTIZAÇÃO COMO POSSIBILIDADE DE DESREIFICAÇÃO DO SER SOCIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras, Humberto Silvano Herrera

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo desta dissertação é estudar, a necessidade, as possibilidades e os limites de uma Educação Popular para além do Capital Social como um movimento para a desreificação humana frente a uma forma de educar as pessoas para se adequarem às instituições sociais do capitalismo. A atualidade do objeto de estudo da pesquisa, Educação Popular e Capital Social, é tão concreta por estas apresentarem-se na conjuntura atual como processos de formação humana, que ao mesmo tempo que contraditórios ...

  5. A EDUCAÇÃO POPULAR PARA ALÉM DO CAPITAL SOCIAL: A CONSCIENTIZAÇÃO COMO POSSIBILIDADE DE DESREIFICAÇÃO DO SER SOCIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras, Humberto Silvano Herrera

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo desta dissertação é estudar, a necessidade, as possibilidades e os limites de uma Educação Popular para além do Capital Social como um movimento para a desreificação humana frente a uma forma de educar as pessoas para se adequarem às instituições sociais do capitalismo. A atualidade do objeto de estudo da pesquisa, Educação Popular e Capital Social, é tão concreta por estas apresentarem-se na conjuntura atual como processos de formação humana, que ao mesmo tempo que contraditórios ...

  6. La región-capital, un escenario para pensar vivienda

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    Clemencia Escallón

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe la primera fase de la investigación sobre la dinámica de la producción de vivienda en el eje de sabana occidente, producto del convenio entre la Universidad de Los Andes y la organización Bouwcentrum Colombia. La caracterización de los cinco municipios del eje: Funza, Madrid, Mosquera, Bojacá y Facatativa, el análisis de las características poblacionales y las propuestas de ordenamiento territorial frente al análisis de la oferta de vivienda en el mercado formal en el período 2002 -2007 y las propuestas de gestión planteadas por los alcaldes recientemente electos, permiten identificar comportamientos de la oferta y condiciones de la demanda con las cuales se construye un primer panorama de reflexión de la vivienda en la región capital. Interesa al Grupo de Investigación en Vivienda contar con más y mejores elementos de análisis que permitan contribuir al debate sobre la vivienda de interés social y la condición necesaria de un nuevo producto, un nuevo gestor y la búsqueda de un nuevo enfoque.

  7. Modelo para a mensuração do capital intelectual: uma abordagem fundamentada em recursos A model for measuring intellectual capital: an approach centered on a resources-based view

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    Olivir Sebastião Malavski

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A compreensão dos mecanismos de criação de valor na produção de bens ou serviços tem ocupado um lugar especial na agenda das empresas. O renascimento da Teoria Baseada em Recursos é um sinal da intensificação desta busca, em que se procura identificar o papel dos recursos, capacitações e competências na criação de valor nos sistemas de operações. Este trabalho desenvolve um modelo fundamentado no conceito de capital intelectual para articular recursos, capacitações e competências organizacionais. O modelo é construído a partir das definições das variáveis recursos, capacitações, competências e capital intelectual, trabalhando esses elementos em seus diferentes níveis de análise. A estrutura utilizada para a construção do modelo de integração fundamenta-se no modelo do navegador Skandia, apropriando-se das suas dimensões de desempenho para fins de desenvolvimento deste trabalho. O resultado é um modelo que explica a dinâmica de integração de recursos, capacitações e competências para a avaliação da criação de valor na forma de capital intelectual.Understanding value creation mechanisms for producing goods and services occupies a special place in enterprises' agenda. The renaissance of Resource Based Theory is a sign of this research intensification, which is focused on organizational resources, capabilities and the role of competences in operations systems value creation. This work develops an integration model based on the intellectual capital concept, to articulate resources, capabilities and competences. The model is built using the resources, capabilities, competences and intellectual capital variables definition, addressing them in their different levels of analysis. The structure of the integration model construction used is based on the Skandia navigator model, taking into account their performance dimensions for developing this study. The result is a model that explains the integrative dynamics

  8. Orientaciones para la enseñanza de la ética, el capital social y el desarrollo en las universidades latinoamericanas

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    François Vallaeys

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Para lograr un verdadero desarrollo en América Latina, se requiere el fortalecimiento del capital social con la incorporación de la ética como retos teóricos y prácticos para alcanzar la eficacia. Los objetivos de este trabajo persiguen realizar una reflexión sobre los aspectos críticos que implica la voluntad de difundir la enseñanza de la ética, el capital social y el desarrollo; y plantear orientaciones pedagógicas para su enseñanza. Se discute sobre 1 la necesidad de reconocer el papel de la universidad para contribuir a mejorar la situación actual a través de la preparación de jóvenes profesionales; futuros gestores de las políticas de desarrollo del mundo, y 2 medida en que los conocimientos enseñados en las universidades reproducen las injusticias del mundo actual. En conclusión se requiere la creación de una red latinoamericana de universidades y profesores, capaces de intercambiar ideas, opiniones y experiencias, con el fin de fortalecer la propuesta de reforma de la enseñanza universitaria con relación a la ética, capital social y desarrollo.

  9. Gestão de capital de giro: contribuição para as micro e pequenas empresas no Brasil

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    Deborah Moraes Zouain

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da importância das questões de capital de giro na gestão das micro e pequenas empresas (MPE no Brasil. Apresenta-se uma revisão dos conceitos de capital de giro e da importância das MPE no Brasil, além de uma discussão sobre a relevância de uma gestão financeira de curto prazo eficiente para o sucesso de um empreendimento de pequeno porte. Com características bem definidas, as micro e pequenas empresas são responsáveis pela geração da maior parte dos empregos formais no Brasil; apesar disso, ainda não contam com uma estrutura formal de apoio de crédito. O trabalho aponta como fator relevante para o sucesso das micro e pequenas empresas ter um bom gerenciamento do capital de giro. O mau gerenciamento desse fator contribui para o alto índice de mortalidade dessas empresas. Para que o administrador de capital de giro tenha êxito, é importante que haja um forte entrelaçamento com a administração estratégica, para uma solução definitiva do problema, isto é, que consista numa recuperação de lucratividade da empresa e as consequentes recomposições de seu fluxo de caixa, fazendo com que as micro e pequenas empresas consigam chegar à fase de maturidade.

  10. Entrevista - Crise do Capital, disputa de destino e desafios para os trabalhadores

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    Reinaldo Gonçalves

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Desde 2007, temos acompanhado as notícias sobre a mais profunda crise do
    capitalismo, segundo analistas de todos os matizes, desde a grande depressão de
    1929. A crise tem seu estopim no mercado financeiro, por meio do esgotamento
    do crédito, e no epicentro do sistema, a potência econômico-militar norteamericana.
    E se alastra obrigando muitos que dormiram neoliberais num dia a
    acordarem keynesianos no outro, reivindicando mais do que nunca o suporte do
    fundo público dos Estados nacionais. A crise abre uma onda de falências,
    concordatas, aquisições e fusões, num profundo processo de concentração de
    capitais, no mesmo passo em que o desemprego se alastra como uma epidemia.
    As manifestações de trabalhadores na Europa e nos Estados Unidos no dia 1o de
    maio de 2009, muitas delas radicalizadas e unificadas como há muito não se via,
    não deixam dúvidas sobre o impacto da crise sobre os trabalhadores, que
    buscam recompor sua organização política após anos de fragmentação,
    complexificação e heterogeneização. A profundidade da crise foi subestimada no
    Brasil supostamente blindado pela gestão eficiente da política econômica,
    articulada à transferência de renda como eixo da política social. Será? Para
    comentar esses processos e alimentar nossa compreensão de seus significados e
    repercussões presentes e futuras, convidamos o economista Reinaldo Gonçalves,
    professor titular de Economia Internacional da UFRJ, autor de mais de três
    centenas de trabalhos publicados em 21 países, e com nove livros publicados no
    Brasil, em geral sobre a economia política brasileira e sua relação com o cenário
    internacional. Reinaldo Gonçalves nos alerta para a longa duração desta crise e
    para a fragilidade das

  11. Capital Social y Voluntariado: claves para un financiamiento solidario de la vivienda social. El caso de la fundación Un Techo para Chile

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    Jorge Atria

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque en las últimas dos décadas las políticas habitacionales en Chile han introducido mejoras destacables en la comprensión y tratamiento del problema de la vivienda en los sectores más desprotegidos, aún existe una cifra importante de pobreza e indigencia, caracterizada por una evidente exclusión de distintos ámbitos de la sociedad. Esto es especialmente visible en los campamentos, entendidos como asentamientos informales precarios, donde no existe regularización de terreno ni de servicios básicos, adicionado a fenómenos de hacinamiento, segregación y discriminación. De la misma manera, aún se adolece de fórmulas que faciliten la postulación a la vivienda de manera más participativa e integradora, incorporando modelos de gestión y financiamiento alternativos a los imperantes, donde la solidaridad sea una premisa efectiva y no un discurso común. El presente artículo expone la visión y el modelo de trabajo de la fundación Un Techo para Chile (exportada a otros países de Latinoamérica con el nombre de Un Techo para mi País, resaltando el capital social y el voluntariado como estrategias fundamentales que colaboran con un financiamiento solidario de la vivienda social, facilitando la transmisión de información, la defensa de la dignidad, el aseguramiento de la calidad y la búsqueda de la excelencia en el servicio como premisas posibles en el desarrollo habitacional y urbano de las comunidades más pobres del país.

  12. Motivaciones de uso de las redes sociales para el desarrollo del capital social de las mujeres de entorno rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Vega Caro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Estudios previos han mostrado los riesgos de exclusión digital de comunidades rurales y personas mayores y cómo las motivaciones de uso influyen en las prácticas y hábitos de uso de las tecnologías. Con este trabajo queremos analizar cómo las motivaciones, que impulsan a las mujeres adultas de entorno rural a usar las redes sociales, favorecen el desarrollo de su capital social potenciando diferentes formas de participación en la cultura digital. Partiendo de una investigación más amplia sobre 478 mujeres andaluzas de zonas rurales de 18 a 65 años, este trabajo presenta un estudio cualitativo en profundidad de 13 de ellas mediante entrevistas autobiográficas sobre su experiencia en las redes. Los resultados muestran que el uso de las redes sociales descubre oportunidades de participación social vinculadas a diversas inquietudes, revelando las redes sociales como un espacio significativo para promover su participación en la vida cultural y social de sus comunidades.

  13. La política fiscal frente a los flujos de capital: evidencia para algunos países de América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ignacio Lozano Espitia

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Los flujos de capital representan oportunidades para financiar el crecimiento y el desarrollo de los países, pero también conllevan riesgos, especialmente de tipo macroeconómico y financiero. Las respuestas de política para mitigar sus efectos, juegan un papel importante especialmente en los mercados emergentes. En este trabajo se evalúa la postura de la política fiscal frente a los choques de los flujos de capital registrados durante las dos últimas décadas en seis economías emergentes de América Latina: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México y Perú. Con base en la caracterización de los diferentes episodios de entradas y salidas súbitas de capital y en la estimación de un modelo de datos de panel con variables instrumentales, se encuentra quelos gobiernos no respondieron con medidas fiscales excepcionales. Por el contrario, su postura fiscal de naturaleza procíclica parece estar asociada al efecto que los flujos de capital produjeron sobre la actividad económica.

  14. ELEMENTOS PARA DISCUSSÃO DA CONFIGURAÇÃO DA AGROINDÚSTRIA CANAVIEIRA NO OESTE PAULISTA E DA RELAÇÃO CAPITAL X TRABALHO

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    José Roberto Nunes de Azevedo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Vimos por meio deste texto trazer alguns elementos fundamentais para o entendimentoda configuração da agroindústria canavieira, associado, pois, à ação metabólica do capital quealicerça a sua consubstanciação no território paulista, bem como, a trama que marca o conflitocapital x trabalho nesse setor produtivo.

  15. Karl Marx, un periodista en la Era del Capital. Apuntes para una investigación

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    Espinoza Pino, Mario

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to criticize the traditional representation of Karl Marx’s journalistic works, usually forgotten by a misleading canon that assumes his articles only as a minor work. One of the problems of this traditional conception is that it dissociates his theoretical and economic contributions from the historical development of the author’s thought (and also from its material roots. We will try to point the importance of Karl Marx’s mature journalism in two areas: in the construction of the central concepts of his critic against the capitalist mode of production (surplus value, a multilineal historical perspective, a global description of the world market, etc. and in the production of political cartographies to intervene in the class conflict. This article poses several hypothesis and tentative affirmations about Karl Marx’s journalism that may serve as a point of departure for a critical research.El objetivo de este artículo es criticar la representación tradicional del trabajo periodístico de Karl Marx, habitualmente olvidado por un canon engañoso que sólo asume sus artículos al precio de convertirlos en una obra menor. Uno de los problemas de esta concepción tradicional es que disocia sus contribuciones teóricas y económicas del desarrollo histórico del pensamiento del autor (y también de sus raíces materiales. Intentaremos señalar la importancia del periodismo maduro de Karl Marx en dos áreas: en la construcción de los conceptos centrales de su crítica contra el capitalismo (plusvalor, un enfoque histórico multilineal, una descripción global del mercado mundial, etc. y en la producción de cartografías políticas para intervenir en el conflicto de clases. Este artículo plantea varias hipótesis y afirmaciones tentativas sobre el periodismo de Karl Marx que pueden servir como punto de partida de una investigación crítica.

  16. A DEMOCRATIZAÇÃO DA GESTÃO ESCOLAR PÚBLICA COMO FERRAMENTA DE TRANSFORMAÇÃO SOCIAL PARA ALÉM DO CAPITAL

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    Márden De Pádua Ribeiro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O tema a ser discutido refere-se à gestão democrática nas instituições de ensino público. Neste sentido, o artigo apresenta como linha mestra a discussão posta por István Mészáros em sua obra “Educação para além do Capital”. O autor discorre a importância da educação como um dos caminhos para libertar a sociedade da ideologização crescente da doutrina capitalista. Defende-se, portanto, neste estudo a gestão democrática da escola pode servir como alternativa na construção de uma concepção de educação alternativa  para além da lógica do capital. Para tanto, é crucial que a gestão democrática escolar seja pensada sob a perspectiva do trabalho, da coletividade e da plena participação dos sujeitos nos processos decisórios. Evidencia-se, pois, neste trabalho, a necessidade por se lutar, conscientizar e promover uma  transformação social que conceba a educação bem como a instituição escolar,  como espaços de resistência e não de legitimação do capital. Palavras chave: Gestão escolar; Educação democrática; Capitalismo.Abstract:The topic being discussed, refers to the democratic management in public education institutions. In this sense, the article is, as a guideline, the discussion brought by István Mészáros in his "Education beyond the capital". The author affirms the importance of education as one way to rid society of the growing ideology of capitalist doctrine. It is argued, therefore, that the democratic management of the school can serve as an alternative to building a design alternative education to the capital logic. Therefore, it is crucial that school democratic management is designed from the perspective of labor, community and full participation of people in decision-making. It is evident therefore, in this work, the need to fight for awareness of the needs to promote social change to devise education and the school institution as areas of resistance, and not capital legitimation

  17. Intangible Capital: An opportunity for PhD students and junior researchers Intangible Capital: Una oportunidad para doctorandos y autores noveles

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    Pep Simo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this editorial is to present the most important Intangible Capital milestones of 2008. During the last year, the Intangible Capital published its 4th volume, together with information regarding the journal’s visibility and the first results of a satisfaction survey conducted among the authors, who submitted a paper for evaluation. In addition, the annex presents the list of reviewers and the Editorial Board members who have enabled the publication of the fourth volume of the Intangible Capital. This editorial also provides information regarding the aspects that indicate the beginning of the journal’s consolidation, and the importance of maintaining the basic principles that gave rise to this publication. The editorial concludes by encouraging PhD advisors, doctoral students and junior researchers the Intangible Capital a potential outlet for their work.El objetivo de esta editorial es exponer los hitos más importantes acontecidos en el volumen anterior (volumen 4, los datos de visibilidad y por primera vez los resultados de una encuesta de satisfacción realizada a los autores que han enviado durante 2008 alguna publicación a evaluación. Además, en el anexo se expone la relación de revisores y miembros del Editorial Board que han hecho posible el cuarto volumen de esta publicación. Por último, se concluye sobre los aspectos que indican el principio de una consolidación de la revista, y la importancia de mantener los principios básicos que dieron origen a esta publicación. Animando a directores de tesis, estudiantes de doctorado y autores noveles a enviar sus primeros trabajos a evaluación.

  18. Diseño y validación de la escala CapPsi para medir capital psicológico (Design and Validation of the Cappsi Scale to Measure Psychological Capital)

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia Omar; Solana Saless; Florencia Urteaga

    2014-01-01

    RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue el desarrollo y validación de una escala para medir capital psicológico en adultos. Los ítems iniciales se elaboraron sobre la base de la revisión bibliográfica, entrevistas con empleados y consultas con especialistas. Inicialmente se efectuó una prueba piloto que permitió realizar ajustes conceptuales y semánticos de los ítems. La escala fue administrada a 382 empleados, conjuntamente con las medidas de desempeño laboral, comportamientos organiza...

  19. Modelos teóricos del capital humano y señalización: un estudio para México

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    Antonio Kido Cruz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El marco de referencia más usual que asigna un papel preponderante a la formación educativa para elfortalecimiento en el bienestar y el crecimiento económico lo representa el modelo del capital humano. Sinembargo, el enfoque teórico de la se˜nalización implica que un proceso de mayor apoyo a la educación puedetener sus limitantes cuando se trata de generar impactos en el crecimiento macroeconómico. El objetivo deeste estudio fue el de investigar, si la evidencia empírica disponible en México sobre niveles de escolaridady rendimientos a la educación responde a un modelo de capital humano o a un modelo de se˜nalización. Seutilizó un modelo macroeconómico y microeconómico de corrección de errores con información de seriesde tiempo. Los resultados se˜nalan que para el caso de México la información disponible favorece un modelode capital humano.Derechos Reservados © 2015 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Contaduría y Admi-nistración. Este es un artículo de acceso abierto distribuido bajo los términos de la Licencia CreativeCommons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

  20. Capital social e información para la salud en el contexto del modo de vida de agricultores de pequeña escala

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    Fadya Orozco

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio explora la relación entre el capital social y la información para la salud en agricultores de pequeña escala, en el contexto de su modo de vida. Tener información al respecto promovería la adopción de prácticas agrícolas con menos impacto en su salud debido a la reducción del uso de pesticidas de alta toxicidad. La investigación se desarrolló a través de un diseño longitudinal de medidas repetidas, en julio de 2007 (T1 y febrero de 2010 (T2, en 12 comunidades agrícolas de Ecuador (n=208. La información respecto a las prácticas de producción agrícola, entre ellas, el manejo integrado de plagas, y la toxicidad de los pesticidas constituyeron las variables dependientes. La participación en organizaciones, y la cohesión social, entre otros aspectos del capital social fueron tratados en el análisis como variables independientes. Los hallazgos sugieren que la información para la salud es transmitida por las estructuras del capital social en dependencia de su valor de uso en el marco del modo de producción agrícola.

  1. DISEÑO DE UN PROCEDIMIENTO PARA REALIZAR EL AUTOCONTROL DEL SISTEMA DE GESTIÓN INTEGRADO DE CAPITAL HUMANO / DESIGN OF A PROCEDURE TO DEVELOP THE SELF-CONTROL TO THE INTEGRATED HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

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    Roxana González-Alvarez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación considera como caso de estudio la experiencia de la Empresa Comercializadora de Combustibles de Cienfuegos (ECC, la cual trabaja en implantar el Sistema de Gestión Integrada de Capital Humano (SGICH desde el año 2008. En el presente artículo se exponen los resultados del proceso de autocontrol realizado al SGICH en la ECC, visualizando las experiencias obtenidas desde el comienzo del proceso de implantación del Modelo de Gestión Integrada de Capital Humano. El autocontrol se realiza utilizando la metodología del ciclo Deming y las herramientas propias que plantea el modelo (tecnología de diagnóstico, así como entrevistas, tormenta de ideas, revisión de documentos, técnicas de normación de competencias, de mapeo de proceso y trabajo con expertos. Para el procesamiento de los datos obtenidos se utiliza el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 16.0 y el Microsoft Excel. Finalmente, se propone un procedimiento enfocado a facilitar el desarrollo del autocontrol al SGICH como proceso de mejora continua y que, además, permita la certificación de la empresa según los requisitos de las Normas Cubanas 3000.The investigation takes as a case of study the experience of Cienfuegos's Fuel Trading Company (ECC, which works in the implementation of the Integrated Human Capital Management System since 2008. This system is integrated by eight processes, being the self-control one of them. The results of the self-control process to the human capital management system in the ECC are exposed in the present article, visualizing the experiences obtained from the beginning of the implementation process of the Integrated Human Capital Management Model. The self-control is carried out using the methodology of the Deming cycle and the very own tools that are presented by the model (technology of diagnostic, as well as others: interviews, brainstorming, review of documents, techniques of regulation of competences, mapping of processes and the

  2. Desaceleração do crescimento, políticas públicas e corte de gastos sociais: arrocho para os trabalhadores e benefícios para o capital?

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    Luiz Antônio Afonso Giani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Algumas variantes da economia política defendem a priorização das políticas públicas voltadas para o atendimento das necessidades básicas dos trabalhadores, desempregados e na miséria. O período em que transcorre o debate é muito expressivo, entre as “jornadas de junho” de 2013-2014, na conjuntura da desaceleração da economia. A crítica econômica defensora da valorização da vida dos trabalhadores encontra respaldo na constatação empírica de que é possível preservar e ampliar as políticas e programas sociais, contra os interesses no crescimento econômico que beneficia o capital e coage a sociedade a submeter-se a corte de gastos sociais, arrochos salariais, desemprego e miséria. Os benefícios ao capital – desonerações fiscais; não tributação do capital rentista e patrimonial; juros da dívida pública, etc. – são as sangrias que desviam as riquezas para ampliar o capital predador e impedem sua canalização para as políticas e programas sociais. Poderosas organizações e minorias sociais servem-se da queda do crescimento para ampliar suas fortunas. Na seleção das fontes deste estudo, as variantes do pensamento são constituídas, fundamentalmente, pela crítica da economia política à economia vulgar, de “monstros” (não homens, mundo das coisas, mercadorias, dinheiro. Entre as variantes mais radicais, está a defesa da ampliação dos gastos sociais, eliminação do superávit primário destinado a pagar juros e a destinação do déficit primário para fins sociais.

  3. CONSIDERACIONES PRÁCTICAS PARA LA GESTIÓN DEL CAPITAL DE TRABAJO EN LAS PyMES INNOVADORAS

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo Alfonso Vargas Arévalo

    2003-01-01

    Las PyMES se presentan en la actualidad como las principales empresas generadoras de empleo en Colombia. Son además un segmento empresarial de gran importancia por su contribución al PIB. Sin embargo, muchas de ellas adolecen de la gestión necesaria para convertirlas en unidades innovadoras, autosostenibles y en crecimiento. Hay, por ejemplo, una gran dificultad para obtener financiación, para vender, para generar estrategias de asociación, para gestionar recursos humanos. Este artícu...

  4. MODELO DE INDICADORES PARA EVALUAR LA GESTIÓN DEL CAPITAL INTELECTUAL EN LA EXTENSIÓN UNIVERSITARIA.

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    María Daniela Gómez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Universities are institutions with a set of physical, financial and intangible assets to be managed in order to give effect to the guidelines issued by its strategic planning so if intangible assets are optimized through the management of intellectual capital it is possible to improve the outcome of their activities, therefore new methods emerge for measuring and managing intellectual capital, but unfortunately those who have been specifically designed for universities omit indicators related to university extension. That's why the main aim of this paper is to present a model of indicators for evaluation of intellectual capital management in university extension considering their human, structural and relational dimension; for this purpose was performed a non experimental research with exploratory type, as it seeks to address the issue of intellectual capital management from a new perspective such as is the university extension, emphasizing in a number of indicators which would facilitate the management of intangible resources which fit more to meet the needs of university surroundings.

  5. From capital to capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    HOW easy it is for one who lives in Beijing, capital of the country, to have the impression that all things significant happen there! This is to forget how there are now many provincial capitals in China, that are rapidly modernizing. In order to achieve such modernization, these cities, like

  6. Social capital

    OpenAIRE

    Landhäußer, Sandra; Ziegler, Holger

    2003-01-01

    This paper surveys research on social capital. We explore the concepts that motivate the social capital literature, efforts to formally model social capital using economic theory, the econometrics of social capital, and empirical studies of the role of social capital in various socioeconomic outcomes. While our focus is primarily on the place of social capital in economics, we do consider its broader social science context. We argue that while the social capital literature has produced many i...

  7. Los espacios públicos y el capital social: aportes para comprender la relación entre ambos conceptos

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    Guillermo Dascal

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora las relaciones entre espacio público y capital social, partiendo de un análisis de las diversas aproximaciones a ambos conceptos desde diferentes perspectivas. Centrándose en tres miradas del espacio público, como espacio de aprendizaje, espacio de libertad y espacio de control, considera las relaciones que pudieran existir con el capital social. Se subraya que más que referirse al "espacio público", es necesario considerar "los espacios públicos", es decir, cada uno de ellos con su propio sentido, reconocible a partir de la sociedad y el contexto en que se producen. En ese sentido, se vislumbran nuevos espacios públicos que contribuyen a construir aprendizajes desde la dimensión de una ciudadanía global, formando una ecociudadanía preocupada también por nuestra realidad planetaria y las generaciones futuras.

  8. Capital social y bienestar subjetivo. Un análisis para España considerando sus regiones

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    Marta Portela

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza los factores determinantes de la felicidad en España prestando especial atención al «capital social», empleando los datos procedentes de la Encuesta Social Europea (ESS correspondiente a la cuarta oleada (año 2008. El análisis se realiza a través de modelos de elección discreta, considerando las diferencias regionales. Además de los determinantes tradicionalmente empleados como edad, sexo, estado civil, estado de salud, niveles educativos, medidas sobre el nivel de ingresos, se realiza un análisis de componentes principales en el que se definen tres dimensiones del capital social: confianza, redes y normas sociales.

  9. Política, agricultura e a reconversão do capital do tráfico transatlântico de escravos para as finanças brasileiras na década de 1850 Politics, agriculture and the reconversion of the transatlantic slave trade capital to Brazilian finances in 1850'

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    Artur Vitorino

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo enfoca como, após 1850, com a cessação do tráfico transatlântico de africanos escravos, o capital, antes engatado nesse negócio, passou a irrigar o meio circulante (a moeda e o crédito, reforçando, assim, a economia de mercado já existente na Corte Imperial, mas, a partir de então, com força para configurar nesta cidade uma economia urbana de profundas conseqüências para os agricultores escravistas do Vale do Paraíba ligados ao comércio exterior, e dependentes do crédito e da moeda ali alocados. O assentamento urbano do capital dos mercadores negreiros foi deliberado pelo Partido Conservador.The article emphasizes how, after 1850, with the cessation of the transatlantic African slave trade, the capital, rather linked in this business, passed to irrigate the finance capital (the coin and the credit, reinforcing, then, the trade economy also extant in the Imperial Court but, hereafter, stronger enough to build in this city a urban economy with profoundest consequences to the farms of the Vale do Paraíba who used slaves, were linked in the foreign trade, and were dependent of the credit and of the coin allocated there. The urban settlement of the black slave trade capital was deliberate by the Conservative Party.

  10. CIDADE MODERNA, IGREJA PERSUASIVA: A LEGITIMAÇÃO DE UMA NOVA CAPITAL PARA MINAS ATRAVÉS DA IGREJA SÃO JOSÉ

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    João Teixeira de Araújo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO:A Igreja São José e a Congregação do Santíssimo Redentor iniciaram suas atividades no inicio do século XX em Belo Horizonte, através de uma missão Holandesa que viera em nome de estabelecer um novo tipo de Fé, diferente dos ritos e práticas do que se entendeu como Catolicismo Popular ou Pagão. Porém, estes Redentoristas tornaram-se parte de um esforço social e político para a formação de novos hábitos e costumes, de uma nova cidade que agregara indivíduos de diferentes partes e, certamente, com modos esparsos de perspectiva de vida. Os Redentoristas, com sua doutrina ascética e moralista, seguira a apreciação conservadora do ultramontanismo e torna-se componente fundamental para a organização de uma vida moderna na urbe, uma das vontades primaz para a construção de uma nova Capital. Por isso, alguns aspectos que tangem a vida eclesiástica destes Redentoristas, como sua Regra Monástica, as Missões que realizavam, a intensa participação nas Escolas e Catequeses sintetizam o esforço para uma nova perspectiva de Fé de matriz conservadora e que viera corroborar com o que se pretendeu sociopoliticamente para a nova Capital.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Redentoristas, Moral, Modernidade, SociabilidadeABSTRACT The St. Joseph Church and the Congregation of Redepmtorists, began operations at the beginning of the twentieth century in Belo Horizonte, through a Dutch mission that had come in the name of establishing a new kind of faith, different rites and practices of what was understood as Catholicism popular or Pagan. However, these Redemptorists became part of a social and political effort to form new habits and customs of a new city which will add individuals from different parts, and certainly with sparse modes of life perspective. The Redemptorists, with its ascetic and moral doctrine, followed a conservative assessment of ultramontanism and becomes a key component for the organization of life in a modern metropolis, one of

  11. Conditions to the development of the familiar agriculture in the current capitalism Condições para o desenvolvimento da agricultura familiar no capitalismo contemporâneo

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    Celestino de Oliveira Brito

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available First analyses of the development of agriculture capitalism have indicated that modernization presided by the logic of urban industry would make this activity in small production units impossible. Contemporary analyses have confirmed this thesis. These small units of production that have invested strongly in modernizing their technical basis, and targeted their production exclusively to the market, have not had any satisfactory economic returns to reduce their debts, being constantly in crisis and dependent on state politics. On the other hand, those familiar units , where farmers have learned how to balance traditional with modern knowledge and to connect production for self-consumption to market production, have developed greater capacity for surviving the crisis that usually hit the market. As primeiras análises acerca do desenvolvimento do capitalismo na agricultura apontavam que uma modernização presidida pela lógica da indústria urbana inviabilizaria a atividade em pequenas unidades de produção. Análises contemporâneas têm corroborado essa tese. Aquelas pequenas unidades de produção que mergulharam a fundo na modernização das suas bases técnicas, com produção voltada exclusivamente para o mercado, não têm obtido retornos econômicos satisfatórios para amortizar suas dívidas, pois estão constantemente em crise e dependem da política estatal. Contrariamente, aquelas unidades familiares nas quais os agricultores têm sabido equilibrar o conhecimento tradicional com o moderno, e aliam a produção para o autoconsumo à produção para o mercado, têm tido maior capacidade para sobreviver às crises que costumeiramente se abatem sobre o mercado.

  12. Motivaciones de uso de las redes sociales para el desarrollo del capital social de las mujeres de entorno rural

    OpenAIRE

    Luisa Vega Caro; Alba Vico Bosch; Ángeles Rebollo Catalán

    2015-01-01

    Estudios previos han mostrado los riesgos de exclusión digital de comunidades rurales y personas mayores y cómo las motivaciones de uso influyen en las prácticas y hábitos de uso de las tecnologías. Con este trabajo queremos analizar cómo las motivaciones, que impulsan a las mujeres adultas de entorno rural a usar las redes sociales, favorecen el desarrollo de su capital social potenciando diferentes formas de participación en la cultura digital. Partiendo de una investigación más amplia sobr...

  13. JUROS SOBRE CAPITAL PRÓPRIO: UMA ANÁLISE SOBRE O IMPACTO TRIBUTÁRIO PARA QUEM PAGA E PARA QUEM RECEBE.

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    Alexandre Gonzales

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available With the publication of law 9.249/95 the use of interest on capital becomes an option for the compensation of shareholders and stakeholders in the companies. Once this alternative is chosen, the company gains the rights to deduct the value of the JSCP as the basis for calculating income tax and social contribution. This study demonstrates the impact results of this choice for the company and for the shareholders. The company will have a fiscal tax advantage with the use of JSCP, as the tax base for income and social contribution is reduced after the deduction of interest on capital as a financial expense. The shareholders, as natural person, will benefit because they will have a tax liability on the JSCP taxes hold, and still willreceive a larger portion of dividends because with the spending cuts the amount to be distributed by the company increases. For the artificial person, this method may not be the most attractive one because the JSCP are considered financial revenue which results in higher taxation for the corporation.

  14. Fondos de capital riesgo: una alternativa de financiamiento para las micro y pequeñas empresas (Mypes en el Perú

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    Silupú Garcés, Brenda Liz

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available En la medida que la oferta crediticia orientada a las Micro y Pequeñas Empresas (MYPES en este país sea limitada, por el mayor riesgo crediticio que presenta este sector, donde la tasa de interés que se cobran son superiores al promedio de mercado, lo que impide su crecimiento y desarrollo; se hace necesario dinamizar nuevas alternativas de financiamiento para atender la creciente demanda crediticia. Una alternativa reciente y con éxito en otros países, son los Fondos de Capital Riesgo, que tienden a canalizar los recursos obtenidos por diferentes inversionistas hacia empresas con grandes potenciales de crecimiento, estos inversionistas están dispuestos asumir un riesgo a cambio de una rentabilidad esperada; para lo cual es necesario que el estado garantice un adecuado marco legal. The credit supply oriented to micro and small enterprises in Perú is very limited. This is because the high risk of these business. As a consequence the interest rates that these institutions pay are really high, that high to limit their potential to grow and develop. For that reason it’s necessary to promote new innovative financing alternatives to satisfy the credit demand of this sector. One of the alternatives to achieve this goal, which has proved to be successful in some other countries, is the Venture Capital Funds. These funds take financial resources from investors to enterprises with promising perspectives of growth. The investors are willing to assume the risk in order to gain an expected profitability. To support all this system an appropriate regulatory framework is needed.

  15. Felípica, capital de la monarquia (propuestas de Pérez de Herrera para Madrid

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    Dolores González de la Fuente

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En una época de crisis donde se tambalea la hegemonía de la monarquía hispánica, Chstóbal Pérez de Herrera propone un ambicioso proyecto encaminado a sanear la soüedad cuya imagen visible será su capital, un nuevo Madrid renovado hasta en su denominación, Felípica, la corte de los Austrias españoles, en la que arquitectura y urbanismo puestos al servicio del poder político crearán el marco ideal donde se desarrolle la vida cortesana.In a period of cnsis in which the hegemony of the monarchy is in danger. Cristóbal Pérez de Herrera suggests an ambitions project designed to insure a society whose visible image will be its capital: a new and reorganized Madrid, renewed even In its ñame «Felípica», it will be the court of the Spanish Austrias, where architecture and urban development are at the disposal of the political authorities to créate the ideal framework where the Ufe of the Court will develop.

  16. Los espacios públicos y el capital social: aportes para comprender la relación entre ambos conceptos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dascal Guillermo

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora las relaciones entre espacio público y capital social, partiendo de un análisis de las diversas aproximaciones a ambos conceptos desde diferentes perspectivas. Centrándose en tres miradas del espacio público, como espacio de aprendizaje, espacio de libertad y espacio de control, considera las relaciones que pudieran existir con el capital social. Se subraya que más que referirse al “espacio público”, es necesario considerar “los espacios públicos”, es decir, cada uno de ellos con su propio sentido, reconocible a partir de la sociedad y el contexto en que se producen. En ese sentido, se vislumbran nuevos espacios públicos que contribuyen a construir aprendizajes desde la dimensión de una ciudadanía global, formando una ecociudadanía preocupada también por nuestra realidad planetaria y las generaciones futuras.

  17. Capital y capital social

    OpenAIRE

    Bolívar Espinoza, Gardy Augusto; Elizalde, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    La perspectiva teórica del Capital, del siglo XIX, aparece alejada del capital social del siglo XXI.  Ambas, con la misma raíz, sin embargo, pareciera que no se tocan, ni teórica ni prácticamente.  Quizás, sería pertinente escudriñar esta relación. Desde la década de los noventa, el tema del “capital social” ha sido visto por muchos estudiosos de la realidad social contemporánea como una propuesta promisoria, transversal y hegemónica. Tanto desde la economía, las ciencias morales, la ciencia ...

  18. Diseño y validación de la escala CapPsi para medir capital psicológico (Design and Validation of the Cappsi Scale to Measure Psychological Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Omar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue el desarrollo y validación de una escala para medir capital psicológico en adultos. Los ítems iniciales se elaboraron sobre la base de la revisión bibliográfica, entrevistas con empleados y consultas con especialistas. Inicialmente se efectuó una prueba piloto que permitió realizar ajustes conceptuales y semánticos de los ítems. La escala fue administrada a 382 empleados, conjuntamente con las medidas de desempeño laboral, comportamientos organizacionales contraproducentes y satisfacción general. Asimismo, se estudió la validez factorial exploratoria y confirmatoria; además de la confiabilidad como consistencia interna a través del coeficiente alpha de Cronbach. Los resultados mostraron la existencia de cuatro factores con satisfactorios niveles de validez y confiabilidad, los que fueron rotulados como: Esperanza (α = .87, Optimismo (α = .91, Resiliencia (α = .84 y Autoeficacia (α = .79. La escala cumple con los criterios psicométricos exigidos y puede ser empleada como herramienta de diagnóstico y gestión organizacional. ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was the development and validation of a scale to measure psychological capital in adults.The initial items were developed on the basis of the bibliographical review, interviews with employees and consultations with specialists. Initially a pilot test was carried out which allowed conceptual and semantic adjustments of the items. The scale was administered to 382 employees, together with the measures of job performance, organizational self-defeating behaviors and overall satisfaction. Also, it is studied the exploratory and confirmatory factorial validity; in addition to the re liability and internal consistency through Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The results showed the existence of four factors with satisfactory levels of validity and reliability, which were labeled as: Hope (α = .87, Optimism (α = .91, Resilience (

  19. Ensayo sobre el Capital Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Frediani

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En la teoría económica existen distintas definiciones de capital: capital físico, el capital en recursos naturales, el capital financiero, el capital en infraestructura económica, el capital en infraestructura social y el capital humano. Todos ellos son condiciones necesarias para que un país alcance el desarrollo económico y social y un alto estándar y calidad de vida de sus habitantes, pero no suficientes puesto que hace falta una categoría adicional de capital. En los últimos años ha surgido el análisis de una nueva categoría: el Capital Social. El concepto se ha convertido en uno de los temas más debatidos de las ciencias sociales y políticas. Se refiere a un elemento invisible, etéreo, menos tangible que el capital humano (conocimientos y/o habilidades de los individuos o el capital físico (bienes materiales, pero que resulta decisivo para la actividad productiva, la satisfacción de las necesidades personales y el desarrollo comunitario y de una sociedad toda.

  20. Entre el desarrollo y la solidaridad. La expansión del capital brasileño y sus consecuencias para la política exterior sudamericana de Brasil (2003-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Actis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A expansão do capital brasileira na América do Sul criou dilemas para a política externa do governo de Lula – Dilma devido a tensão entre desenvolvimento e solidariedade como eixos de ligação externa.   The expansion of Brazilian capitals into South America has created dilemmas to the foreign policy of the Government of Lula – Dilma due to the tension between development and solidarity as axes of external linking.

  1. Occupational exposure to benzene: a prevention program for employees and contractors; PPEOB - Programa de Prevencao a Exposicao Ocupacional ao Benzeno para Empregados Proprios e Contratados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraes, Paulo Sergio de; Silva, Edson Ferreira da; Patto, Claudio Monteiro [TRANSPETRO, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    PETROBRAS/TRANSPETRO Pipelines and Terminals has 500 regular employees and 5.064 out sourced workers in its Southeast Division. The out sourced employees work through 125 contracts involving a wide range of activities such as maintenance, operational, pipeline launching , engineering, administrative and auxiliary services. Among these workers, 200 people are subjected to benzene occupational exposure, which might be present in the products we transport in our pipelines. Benzene is recognized as a carcinogen according to ACGIH and Brazilian Ministry of Labour regulation NR- 15. Exposure to benzene in an uncontrolled way, be it chronic or sharp, may affect the worker's health such as: hematological alterations, neoplasys, neurobehavior alterations. Our program PPEOB (acronym in Portuguese for benzene occupational exposure prevention program) involved the work force and fosters health by anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of the situations that may result in injuries. Further actions include the acquisition of equipment for benzene detection in the air or diluted in liquids and the introduction of new technologies for process control. The priority is the acquisition of equipment for collective protection not forgetting the individual protection equipment (IPE) and the required training. Implementation of this program counted with the effective participation of managers, contract supervisors and HSE professionals whose main task was to advise all involved parts. Furthermore, an auto-evaluation was released in order to assess the adherence of the PPEOB related to the facility reality. Since a suitable level of adherence is reached, the PPEOB can be used as a standard in the whole TRANSPETRO. (author)

  2. Capital social como conceito-chave para a avaliação do sucesso de consórcios intermunicipais: o caso do CISMAE, Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Piterman

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este estudo tem como propósito realizar uma investigação sobre a formação e implantação de um consórcio de saneamento no sul do Brasil face ao novo cenário estabelecido pela Lei nº 11.107/2005, Lei dos Consórcios Públicos, e pela Lei nº 11.445/2007, Lei de Diretrizes de Saneamento Básico. Para que os municípios possam cumprir as diretrizes da Lei Nacional de Saneamento Básico e alcançar a universalização na prestação de serviços, vislumbra-se uma oportunidade para a utilização do instrumento do pacto consorcial no sentido de agregar recursos às capacidades técnicas, administrativas e operacionais na prestação do serviço de abastecimento de água e de esgotamento sanitário. O marco conceitual é ancorado nas contribuições de autores situados no campo reconhecido como capital social. O trabalho empírico foi desenvolvido com base no Consórcio Intermunicipal de Saneamento Ambiental (CISMAE do Paraná, por ser um dos primeiros do setor e pela peculiaridade de sua formação. A metodologia selecionada foi de natureza qualitativa. Foram utilizadas como instrumento de campo, entrevistas semiestruturadas com membros do consórcio, que foram analisadas pela técnica de análise de conteúdo temático. Os resultados revelaram que a criação do consórcio público é um importante fator para estimular a implantação e gestão das políticas públicas de saneamento adstritas em seu território. Os benefícios em razão da existência do consórcio para os municípios são múltiplos, como a potencialização de recursos socioeconômicos, tecnológicos e humanos e, portanto, racionalização de aplicação de recursos, maior transparência na sua aplicação, maior segurança jurídica ao acordo de cooperação consorcial e o empoderamento político.

  3. Medición y análisis de un modelo para determinar la estructura óptima de capital

    OpenAIRE

    Grajales-Bedoya, D. D. (Duvan Dario)

    2008-01-01

    La forma en la cual una compañía se financia a sí misma recibe el nombre de estructura de capital. En términos prácticos, la estructura de capital se refiere a la proporción de financiamiento de deuda que tiene la empresa y su razón de apalancamiento. La elección de la estructura de capital es un simple intercambio compensatorio riesgo-rendimiento. Un aspecto crítico del estudio de la estructura de capital consiste en saber si afecta el valor de la empresa. La estructura de capita...

  4. Capital social comunicativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Ángel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se buscan establecer las bases para una transformación del tradicional triángulo comunicativo emisor-mensaje-receptor, por un esquema que haga alusión a la dinámica social de la comunicación relacionada con lo público: actores-escenarios-sentidos. De esta forma, es posible conformar guías para la acción y encontrar en los actores ciudadanos de comunicación, la conformaciónde un capital social para la democracia.

  5. El Capital Social Cognitivo como Recurso Esencial para la Apropiación Sustentable de la Naturaleza. El caso de la Reserva de Biosfera Parque Atlántico Mar Chiquito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El Parque Atlántico Mar Chiquito, ubicado en la Provincia de Buenos Aires de la República Argentina, fue declarado Reserva de Biosfera en 1996. Las Reservas son concebidas, en el programa MAB de la UNESCO, para contribuir a la conservación de la biodiversidad, el desarrollo sustentable y el suministro de conocimientos. Su declaración admite a la población pero requiere de la redefinicion de los patrones de apropiación de la naturaleza por medio del compromiso e involucramiento local. Los objetivos son conocer las actitudes ambientales de los residentes a partir de las valoraciones, creencias y disposición para realizar comportamientos sustentables y determinar el capital social cognitivo potencial para asumir compromisos que favorezcan la sustentabilidad. El resultado es un diagnostico sociocultural que permite determinar el capital social cognitivo potencial para el desarrollo sustentable, el alcance de la sustentabilidad turística y las actitudes ambientales a reforzar o desalentar.

  6. Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouritsen, Jan; Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2015-01-01

    Intellectual capital (IC) consists of human capital, organizational capital, and relational capital, and their relationships. It has been said to be important to explain the difference between market value and book value of a firm, but measurement of IC is more likely to be important because...... it forms a starting point for understanding and managing value-creating processes. Three distinct agendas within IC management and research can be identified. The first concerns to measure the components of IC, the second attempts to relate indicators to effects using statistical models, while the third...

  7. Volatilidad de los flujos de capital hacia los países en desarrollo: evidencia para América Latina, 1970-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Torres

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Capital inflows dynamics towards developing countries during the lastdecades again has posited in the center of the debate the discussion on its benefits and costs.The objective of this work is to analyze the behavior of capital flows over 1970 and 2002,their volatility and effects on the Latin American macroeconomic performance. Volatilityis measured by means of the variation coefficient, which is calculated in two forms. Theresults show that the volatility of capital inflows and the regional growth seem not to haveincreased, in spite of the very importance private flows acquired since the beginning ofnineties.

  8. Celebration Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Boykoff, Jules

    2014-01-01

    Capitalism is a nimble shapeshifter. In this talk Jules Boykoff draws from the history of the Olympic Games to offer a theory of “celebration capitalism,” a form of modern-day economics that complements Naomi Klein’s “disaster capitalism” marked by neoliberalism: privatization, deregulation, and free-market rhetoric.

  9. CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND VENTURE CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becsky-Nagy Patricia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Venture capital significantly changes the capital structure of the portfolio company at the time of the investment. Venture capitalists contribute to the company’s success through their active involvement in the management and their added value appears in the increase of the value of the equity. At the same time with taking active role in the management, agency problem occurs, that complicates the cooperation and the success of exit. In this article we search the answer for the question whether the preferred equity, that are commonly used in the US for bridging the agency problem, are used and able to help Hungarian venture capitalists to manage agency problems. On the other hand we examined how the venture capital affect capital structure, how the venture capitalists value added appear in the capital structure. During the evaluation of the three case studies, we came to the conclusion, that the venture capital investments have positive effect on the liabilities of the enterprises, as the capital structure indexes show. However, the investors need the ownership, which help them to step up resolutely, when things change for the worse, and companies need the expertise, which the investors bring with their personal assistance. The investor’s new attitude also has positive effect on a mature company, which has an experienced leader, because he can show another aspect, as a person who come from outside. During the examination of the capital structure, we cannot disregard the events of the company’s environment, which have effects on the firm. The investor’s decisions also appear different ways. Because of this, every venture capital investment is different, just as the capital structure of the firms, in which they invest.

  10. Capital semilla para la financiación de start ups con alto potencial de crecimiento en Colombia = Seed capital for financing the stat ups with a growing high potential in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Fracica Naranjo

    2011-08-01

    Les expériences tirées de la création d’entreprises à fort potentiel de croissance des pays à succès montrent que certains des facteurs ayant le plus contribués à la survie de l’entreprise sont le financement du capital-risque et le soutien reçu aux différentes étapes de leur gestation ou lors de traversée du désert. L’investigation a été effectuée par le biais d’un travail documentaire et par différents entretiens approfondis réalisés avec des responsables de fonds de capital-risque existant en Colombie. Cette investigation a pu déterminer l’offre de ces ressources et les enseignements tirés de ces expériences.

  11. Evaluación de la calidad del servicio educativo para determinar el nivel de la deserción estudiantil en la Unidad Educativa "Capitán Pedro Oscar Salas Bajaña".

    OpenAIRE

    Salas Bustos, Juana Carola; Lucín Arboleda, Rossana Jacqueline

    2013-01-01

    Esta tesis fue realizada con el fin de evaluar la calidad del servicio educativo para determinar el nivel de deserción estudiantil de la unidad educativa “Capitán Pedro Oscar Salas Bajaña” y su repercusión en los servicios educativos entregados. El objetivo de esta, es revisar la fundamentación teórica de la calidad en la gestión educativa, analizar las fortalezas y oportunidades que tiene en la actualidad, analizar el clima organizacional del cuerpo docente, identificar la satisfacc...

  12. Propuesta de una eficiente administración financiera del capital de trabajo para una empresa comercializadora a partir de la planeación estratégica

    OpenAIRE

    Rosas Pozos, Jesús Bernardo

    2015-01-01

    Elaboración de un estudio de caso para obtener el Grado de Maestría en Finanzas. La presente investigación, se refiere a la propuesta de una correcta administración financiera estratégica del capital de trabajo de las empresas comercializadoras de bienes establecidas en México, es decir, de todos los activos a corto plazo de la entidad económica (efectivo, inversiones, cuentas por cobrar, inventarios y cuentas por pagar) de tal forma que al aplicar las estrategias sugeridas en esta investi...

  13. Allergy Capitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Professionals Partners Media Donate Research 2016 Fall Allergy Capitals If you’re one of the millions ... needs of their residents with allergic diseases. Fall Allergies by the Numbers Nasal allergies affect more than ...

  14. Understanding Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    du Gay, Paul; Morgan, Glenn

    2013-01-01

    This chapter places The New Spirit of Capitalism in the context of the development of capitalism over the last twenty years, up to and including the 200-7-8 financial crisis and the ongoing economic crisis which has developed out of this and is now focused on the relationship between state...... expenditures, political legitimacy and financial markets. Boltanski and Chiapello's analysis of the projective city and connexionist logic captures important elements of capitalism in the era of neo-liberalism. However, as their analysis shows, any such logics require ‘spirit’, legitimacy and justification...... if they are to be sustained. Such logics are stabilized to the degree that they can pass the tests which they set themselves. The chapter shows how the projective city has increasingly failed these tests. It has instead created a privileged group of ‘mobile citizens’ working with mobile, global capital in ways...

  15. Capitalizing China

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Fan; Randall Morck; Bernard Yeung

    2011-01-01

    Despite a vast accumulation of private capital, China is not embracing capitalism. Deceptively familiar capitalist features disguise the profoundly unfamiliar foundations of "market socialism with Chinese characteristics." The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), by controlling the career advancement of all senior personnel in all regulatory agencies, all state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and virtually all major financial institutions state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and senior Party positions in all ...

  16. DOSTOYEVSKI'S "CAPITAL"

    OpenAIRE

    GUNAL, E. Zeynep

    2012-01-01

    Dostoyevski who was always in need of money and in debt, wrote two great novels about capital: "Idiot" and "Crime and Punishment". In these novels the writer tries to prove the negative effects of capital on people. This article particularly focuses on "Crime and Punishment". Because crime is discussed as the multi-dimensional factor in this work. Moreover, it is claimed that in the troika of crime which formed of Raskolnikov, Svidrigaylov and Luzhin, Luzhin is the most dangerous character w...

  17. ¿Es posible medir el capital de movilidad para evaluar sus diferenciaciones sociodemográfica e intraurbana? El caso de los habitantes del Área Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Delaunay

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Es notoria la dificultad para discernir las desigualdades frente a la movilidad basán- dose únicamente en la intensidad, distancia o duración de los desplazamientos, o inclu- so en comportamientos que, a pesar de sus similitudes, no reflejan necesariamente una igualdad en los márgenes de maniobra que están a disposición de los individuos. Al considerar la diferenciación del capital de movilidad se abre la puerta a una realidad más compleja que replantea la importancia del sujeto social, sus trayectorias y sus capa- cidades. La ventaja heurística reside en la posibilidad de comparar la movilidad poten- cial y la movilidad efectiva. En este trabajo se pretende dar una realidad estadística a la noción de “capital de movilidad” con base en una encuesta cuantitativa que se llevó a cabo en Santiago de Chile en el año 2009. La apreciación empírica de este capital se divide en varias propo- siciones experimentales que luego se comparan con las características demo-económicas de los habitantes y su localización en la ciudad. De este modo se propone un enfoque demo-geográfico de un concepto sociológico.

  18. A 'teoria da práxis': retomando o referencial marxista para o enfrentamento do capitalismo no campo da saúde The 'theory of praxis: ' retrieving the marxist framework to confront capitalism in the health field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Helena Simões Barbosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio tem a intenção de recolocar o marxismo - como corpo epistemológico, teórico, metodológico e político voltado para a superação do capitalismo - na pauta do debate conceitual e político do campo da Saúde Coletiva. Discute o campo simbólico como campo de expressão de ideologias que sustentam o capitalismo e que utiliza, dentre outras estratégias, o silenciamento sobre o marxismo, e mesmo sobre o capitalismo, para esvaziar a crítica e o questionamento político. Relaciona estes mecanismos à saúde, identificando alguns campos onde o capitalismo opera nesta área. Apresenta alguns fundamentos filosóficos, teóricos e metodológicos da 'teoria da práxis', destacando a unidade indissolúvel entre teoria crítica e ação transformadora. Por fim, conclama os profissionais, pesquisadores e educadores do campo sanitário a se (reengajarem na luta contra o capitalismo, retomando a bandeira do socialismo, rumo à conquista do efetivo direito à saúde.This essay is intended to retrieve Marxism - as an epistemological, theoretical, methodological and political body aimed toward overcoming Capitalism - in the political and conceptual debate agenda in field of Collective Health. It discusses the symbolic field as a field for the expression of ideologies that underpin capitalism and which uses, among other strategies,the silencing of Marxism, and even of capitalism, to eliminate criticism and political questioning. It relates these mechanisms to health, identifying some fields in which capitalism operates in this area. It presents a few philosophical, theoretical and methodological foundations of the 'theory of praxis,' highlighting the indissoluble unity between critical theory and transformative action. Finally, it urges health care practitioners, researchers and educators to (reengage in the struggle against Capitalism, taking up the banner of Socialism aiming to achieve the actual right to health.

  19. Capital Unchained

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryan, Dick; Rafferty, Michael; Wigan, Duncan

    2017-01-01

    The rise of intangible assets such as brand names, research and development, patents and other forms of abstract capital such as digital platforms and data flows has confounded extant measures and concepts of capital and accumulation. What used to be a residual asset category known as ‘goodwill......’ has now overtaken so-called fixed or tangible assets in the profitability and valuation of many leading corporations. Yet these intangible assets lead a double life as both spatial and temporal in some dimensions, yet fluid and spatio-temporally elusive in others. Using a framework focused...... on measuring (by accountants), managing (by corporations) and monitoring (by International Political Economy scholars and regulators), this article explores the longer term implications of accumulation of internationalised capital in intangible and abstract forms, and the prominent role of finance and offshore...

  20. Multinationals, strategic agents of capital. A guide for assessing their impact / Las multinacionales, agentes estratégicos del capital. Una guía para evaluar sus impactos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Uharte

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this work has been to build an analysis guide that serve researchers to evaluate the multiple impacts that multinational corporations usually cause your business practice. First, it presents briefly a definition of these businesses and developments that have had throughout history. Then their most important attributes and their current global distribution are indicated. Finally, the central chapter of the text is concerned with identifying the major impacts that multinationals generate in various fields, highlighting among others the commodification of public services, loss of sovereignty, the practice of lobbying and corruption, social criminalization, deterioration environmental and labor rights violations. In summary, these large corporations favor its role as strategic agents of capital over other social purposes.

  1. El prestigio ocupacional en «La tienda de ropa más grande de México». Elementos para la estimación del Capital Social en Uriangato, Guanajuato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro García

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available el artículo documenta el proceso de definición de la jerarquía de prestigio en una muestra de ocupaciones, componente necesario de un generador de Po- siciones para estimar el Capital social en un contexto local atípico, desde una perspectiva relacional. describe los resultados de un estudio de diseño mixto efectuado para conocer la percepción de prestigio ocupacional en Uriangato, una localidad mexicana altamente especializada en la producción y venta de ropa a través de pequeños negocios. el estudio de caso evidencia una interpretación diferenciada del prestigio ocupacional respecto a los estándares internacionales. las ocupaciones caracte- rísticas de la configuración productiva especializada local son en general mejor evaluadas. ser propietario de un negocio de manufactura, comercio o servicios, es una ocupación más reconocida en comparación con otras que, en contextos típicos, poseen mayor prestigio y estatus socioeconómico, como las de abogado, profesor o enfermera. no obstante, la escala obtenida con base en la técnica cualitativa de pile sort, correlaciona fuertemente con dos escalas de prestigio ocupacional internacional- mente estandarizadas, lo que posibilita construir un generador de Posiciones local- mente pertinente para realizar mediciones de Capital social que mantengan su com- parabilidad con otras realizadas en contextos económicos o culturales diferentes.

  2. Direitos sociais e transição para o capitalismo: o caso da primeira república brasileira (1889 - 1930 Social rights and the transition to capitalism in the First Brazilian Republic (1889-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Décio Azevedo Marques de Saes

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available O texto procura analisar os direitos sociais na Primeira República Brasileira (1889-1930, com vistas a colocar a sua instauração causal com outros processos sociais. O objetivo que nos move, nessa análise, é duplo: a de um lado, queremos contribuir para um melhor conhecimento da configuração da esfera jurídico-política no processo de transição da formação social brasileira para o modo de produção capitalista; b de outro lado, queremos testar as linhas gerais de um esquema teórico capaz de explicar a evolução dos direitos sociais não só no Brasil republicano como também noutras formações sociais em transição para o capitalismo. Palavras-Chave: Direitos sociais. Política. Capitalismo. Estado. Classes sociais. This text analyzes the social rights in the first Brazilian Republic in order to show how it influenced the other social processes. On one hand, it is a contribution to a better understanding of the judicial and political aspects of the transition process of the Brazilian social formation towards the capitalist way of production. On the other hand, it is a test for the general lines of a theoretical system which seems to be able to explain the evolution of the social rights not only during the republican period but also in the other social aspects that led to capitalism. Keywords: Social rights. Politics. Capitalism. State. Social classes.

  3. Capital Campaigns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalessandro, David; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Eight articles focus on capital campaigns including setting goals (D. Dalessandro), the lead gift (D. A. Campbell), motivating trustees (J. J. Ianolli, Jr.), alumni associations (W. B. Adams), role of public relations officers (R. L. Williams), special events( H.R. Gilbert), the campaign document (R. King), and case statements (D. R. Treadwell,…

  4. Capital Challenge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China is on its way to establishing its own venture capital industry Venture capitalists will find no safe haven worldwide as the prospects for the majority of economies to pick up remain dim for the next two years. Still, if some of them have the money and

  5. fuente de capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Becerra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El capital intelectual es una concepción novedosa, tipificada como un activo intangible que agrega valor a la empresa; está formado por tres componentes: el capital organizacional, el humano y el relacional. El capital humano está relacionado con el desarrollo y los conocimientos del individuo, que permite diferenciar a un profesional de otro. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la formación del Contador Público egresado de la Universidad de Los Andes (ULA de Trujillo, como fuente de capital humano para su desempeño profesional. Los datos se recolectaron aplicando un cuestionario a una muestra aleatoria de 47 de estos profesionales, empleando para el análisis y presentación de los resultados técnicas estadísticas. La investigación evidencia que la mayoría de los encuestados poseen un nivel de satisfacción de medio a bajo con su formación de pregrado, señalando como principales debilidades del Plan de Estudio las áreas tributaria y cambiaria, el manejo instrumental del inglés y el conocimiento de las normativas que rigen el sistema económico. La formación en algunas de estas áreas la han mejorado a través de otras actividades de capacitación. No obstante reconocen algunas fortalezas tales como: el aprendizaje y dominio de conceptos y Principios Contables de Aceptación General, las matemáticas y estadística, el manejo de la contabilidad computarizada y las habilidades para analizar e interpretar problemas contables. Se concluye que a pesar de las deficiencias, la realización de cursos de actualización, junto con las fortalezas en la formación de la carrera, ha contribuido a que el contador público egresado de la ULA de Trujillo constituya un capital humano con ventaja competitiva.

  6. Espaço social e consumo: elementos para a análise da relação entre capital simbólico eposicionamneto mercadológico das lojas de alto prestigio no Rio de Janeiro

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    Luiz Herique Lemos

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumo:O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar e discutir o uso de uma abordagem interdisciplinar, com base na geografia, na antropologiasocial e na sociologia para a análise do posicionamneto mercadológico das lojas de alto prestígio na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Acredita-se que para o desenvolvimento de um trabalho consistente relacionado ao espaço urbano e o consumo , é necessário o desenvolvimento de teorias que sejam concebidas de forma interdisciplinar. Nesse sentido, a atraopologia social, os estudos de sociologia urbana e a psicologia do comportamento formam um arcabouço teórico poderoso para um rpofundo entendimento a respeito do consumo de bens e serviços de alto valor simbólico agregado. Palavras-Chave: Capital simnbólico; Habitus; padrão locacional; Posicionamento mercadológico; Lojas de alto prestígio; Construção de  Marcas.

  7. Trinidadian capitalism

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    Kevin A. Yelvington

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Capitalism: An Ethnographic Approach. DANIEL MILLER. Oxford: Berg, 1997. x + 357 pp. (Cloth £39.00, Paper £17.99 Women, Labour and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago: A History. RHODA E. REDDOCK. London: Zed, 1994. vi + 346 pp. (Cloth £39.95, Paper £15.95 Despite the underdeveloped state of the scholarship on its admittedly short sugar plantation slavery period, we now have a corpus of studies on various aspects of capitalism in Trinidad - from its historical advent (Sebastien 1978 to its twentieth-century manifestation in the petroleum sector (Seers 1964; Sandoval 1983, and from the ethnic structure of labor markets (Camejo 1971; Harewood 1971 and the role of capitalism in racial/ethnic inequality (Henry 1993; Coppin & Olsen 1998 to the way ethnicity affects business, big (Button 1981; Parris 1985; Centre for Ethnic Studies 1993 and small (Ryan & Barclay 1992; Griffith 1997, and the way ethnicity and gender are used in class recruitment (Yelvington 1995. There are also a number of fine working-class histories (e.g., Rennie 1973; Ramdin 1982; Basdeo 1983 and important works on the labor riots and strikes and the nature of the colonial state during the crises of the 1930s (e.g., Thomas 1987; Singh 1994. The two books under review here complement the works mentioned above, and they complement each other as well: Reddock's deals with the way capitalism up to the mid-century was buttressed by colonial politics, and explores how this formation engendered certain kinds of political responses, while Miller approaches capitalism through the assumption that fundamental changes in the post-Oil Boom period (ca. 1973-80 brought about considerable autonomy between production and consumption that can and should now be read through an analysis of the cultural circulation of images and commodities in the society. These books are both noteworthy because they engage in explicit theorizing on what capitalism was and is, and what it did and

  8. Contratos de capital humano

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    Oscar Alejandro Goyes Viteri

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este documento busca dar a conocer el tema de la inversión en capital humano a través de la celebración de contratos atípicos y utilizando la fiducia mercantil y la titularización como vehículos financieros. Por medio de estos contratos un estudiante obtiene los recursos que requiere para financiar su educación superior, a cambio de entregar un porcentaje de sus ingresos después de su graduación a quien financió la operación.

  9. La política de dividendos y la estructura de capital.sus determinantes y su relevancia para la creación de valor

    OpenAIRE

    Sasmay Villacorta, Giorgio Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    Diseñar y proponer la política de dividendos y la política de endeudamiento en una empresa son algunas de las funciones principales y fundamentales en el Rol del CFO. Por lo tanto, al momento de diseñar la política de retribución de los accionistas y la estructura de capital, se debe por obligación formularse las siguientes preguntas: ¿Se debe pagar dividendos?, ¿Se debe retener utilidades o capitalizarlas?, ¿Qué porcentaje de las utilidades debe ir a los accionistas?, ¿De dónde obtener diner...

  10. Propuesta para la caracterización del modelo de gestión social en Emprendimiento en el Distrito Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Melo, Martha Cecilia

    2015-01-01

    Este documento pretende hacer una revisión a partir de la caracterización de la gestión social, sobre la participación de los beneficiarios en todas las fases del desarrollo de proyectos de fomento al emprendimiento en el Distrito Capital y de este modo establecer si los sujetos de la intervención social realmente están aportando desde sus capacidades como emprendedores a la satisfacción de las necesidades que dan origen a la intervención. Partimos únicamente de la revisión de la política en ...

  11. La intervención cambiaria y los flujos de capital: evidencia empírica para Brasil, Colombia, Chile y México, 2001-2013

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    Eduardo Rosas Rojas

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines inconsistencies in the assumptions on which the new macroeconomic consensus is based, before going on to propose an alternative theoretical framework for understanding how exchange rate interventions work, and the compensatory effect of capital flows in the emerging markets of Latin America. Basing its analysis on data from Brazil, Colombia, Chile and Mexico for the period between 2001-4 and 2013-3, it is inferred that sterilizedintervention in the foreign exchange markets has been successful in stabilizing the nominal exchange rate, but with three serious consequences: loss of competitiveness, high levels of public indebtedness and slow economic growth.

  12. El capital social en los municipios con alta marginación del Estado de México. Premisas para consolidar la democracia

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Cedillo Delgado; Miguel Ángel Sánchez Ramos; Roberto Moreno Espinosa

    2011-01-01

    Este artículo busca explicar por qué a pesar de que en algunos municipios marginados del Estado de México se registra un alto grado de cohesión social, producto de las intensas y densas redes sociales presentes en comunidades tradicionales, de ninguna manera éstos cuentan con un gran capital social y desarrollo democrático, ya que los ciudadanos no muestran gran interés por organizarse y participar políticamente. En tal situación contribuyen los bajos niveles de educación, ingresos económicos...

  13. La protesta rural y los mecanismos para su represión por parte del Gobierno del Capitán General Camilo García de Polavieja en Cuba: (1890-1892

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    José Joaquín Gallego Jiménez

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo describe las causas socio-políticas que generaron la protesta rural y sus diversas manifestaciones, en especial el bandolerismo, durante el gobierno del Capitán General Camilo García de Polavieja en Cuba, así como la represión puesta en marcha para sofocar la inestabilidad imperante y los resultados obtenidos. --------------------------------------------------------------------- This article describes the socio-political causes that generated the rural protest and its various manifestations, including banditry, during the government of Captain General Camilo García de Polavieja in Cuba, and the repression launched to suppress the instability and obtained results.

  14. Ensaio sobre as virtudes do capital de risco corporativo para projetos de alta tecnologia no setor agrícola: a trajetória inovadora da Alellyx Applied Genomics e da CanaVialis

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    Roberto Carlos Bernardes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo neste artigo é investigar a trajetória de duas empresas startups brasileiras dedicadas a pesquisa e desenvolvimento (P&D no setor de biotecnologia: a Alellyx e a CanaVialis. São dois casos de spin-offs acadêmicos e de bioemprendimentos germinados na esfera do Projeto Genoma, da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp, maturadas na Votorantim Novos Negócios (VNN, área de novos negócios de um dos maiores grupos industriais brasileiros que atua no segmento de commodities, o Grupo Votorantim S/A, e depois vendidas para a Monsanto. Neste estudo, tentou-se compreender a racionalidade e as virtudes das ações de investimentos corporativos e das políticas públicas destinadas à biotecnologia focada em genômica aplicada para a agricultura no Brasil. A metodologia utilizada é a de estudo de caso, mais especificamente de análise dos dois casos de empresas comentados acima. Os resultados demonstraram que, apesar de o principal objetivo do grupo econômico ser a célere valorização do capital investido e seu retorno financeiro, a afiliação corporativa dessas empresas estimulou a aceleração de um conjunto de capacitações para a gestão empresarial da Alellyx e da CanaVialis, que foram críticas para o amadurecimento do negócio. Evidenciou-se, ainda, que foi fundamental o significativo aporte de recursos por meio dos mecanismos de apoio do sistema nacional à inovação.

  15. El capital intelectual en Confamdi

    OpenAIRE

    Marulanda Lórez, Paulo César

    2012-01-01

    El “capital intelectual” es uno de los conceptos más difíciles de medir en economía. Por ello, existe un escaso consenso en la doctrina alrededor de cómo han de tratarse conceptualmente los activos intangibles y qué es lo que constituye una medición satisfactoria de los mismos. La abundante literatura acerca del capital intelectual en los últimos años, propone diversos modelos y estudios efectuados sobre esta medición, pero la falta de consenso para abordar el tema y la carencia en l...

  16. CAPITAL SOCIAL, DEMOCRACIA E DESENVOLVIMENTO

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    Luciene Dal Ri

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma revisão critica da literatura sobre a relação entre Capital Social, Democracia e o Desenvolvimento. É relevante refletirmos sobre estes três temas, pois não se consegue ver um distanciamento entre ambos. Todavia, como meio para promover o capital social, o desenvolvimento e a democracia, é necessária que haja uma melhoria do bem-estar social, devendo ser associada com liberdades econômicas e abertura de mercado de modo a viabilizar o crescimento econômico e a melhoria na qualidade de vida da população.

  17. Análise do índice de especulação de valor agregado para empresas de capital aberto negociadas na Bovespa

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    Wesley Vieira da Silva

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at demonstrating economic sectors’ life cycle of different area in Sao Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa. Therefore, data from 30 companies were analysed, selecting three companies of each area on stock exchange. Quarterly financial statements data were used for analyses regarding to the period from December 2000 to March 2006. For the development of this research the Speculation Index of Value Added (IEVA was applied, considering the relation to CAPM – Capital Asset Pricing Model. The results applied to each economic sector IEVA evidences differences between them, as well influences in Bovespa’s performance results in the period of the research. Besides that, IEVA contributes to the understanding of how companies’ economic value is composed. The results demonstrate that each sector with well established companies is heterogeneity in its performance; even though, it is superior to the market expectation. This information allows quantify investments’ risks in the studied sectors.

  18. El capital social en los municipios con alta marginación del Estado de México. Premisas para consolidar la democracia

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    Rafael Cedillo Delgado

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo busca explicar por qué a pesar de que en algunos municipios marginados del Estado de México se registra un alto grado de cohesión social, producto de las intensas y densas redes sociales presentes en comunidades tradicionales, de ninguna manera éstos cuentan con un gran capital social y desarrollo democrático, ya que los ciudadanos no muestran gran interés por organizarse y participar políticamente. En tal situación contribuyen los bajos niveles de educación, ingresos económicos insuficientes y la necesidad de servicios públicos básicos.

  19. Flexible Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how...... the perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified...

  20. Métodos e técnicas de gestão do conhecimento aplicadas para melhorar a gestão do capital intelectual em núcleos setoriais de uma associação empresarial

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    Julio Graeff Erpen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A importância do conhecimento, demonstrada ao longo dos séculos, é fundamental para o desenvolvimento ambiental, econômico e social de qualquer organização. A melhoria da identificação, criação, estoque, disseminação e aplicação do conhecimento é forma de desenvolver e aprimorar os processos organizacionais no sentido do desenvolvimento sustentável, no qual o Capital Intelectual é fundamental. Há vários trabalhos que demonstram melhorias nos resultados de empresa que gestionam seus capitais humano, estrutural e relacional. Os objetivos principais da pesquisa foram caracterizar e analisar as técnicas e os métodos de Gestão do Conhecimento (GC usados por empresas de dois núcleos setoriais da Associação Comercial e Industrial de Jaraguá do Sul (ACIJS. A amostra incluiu dez empresas, correspondendo a 25% dos participantes ativos dos núcleos setoriais: Núcleo de Sustentabilidade Empresarial e Núcleo de Gestão e Qualidade. Foi aplicado um questionário elaborado pela Asian Productive Organization (APO, 2010 aos representantes das empresas dos núcleos setoriais. As respostas caracterizaram a situação atual e a situação desejada, graduadas numa escala de zero a quatro. Constatou-se que existe um conjunto significativo de métodos e técnicas de GC já implementados nas empresas, que, se corretamente utilizados, suportariam uma adequada gestão do seu capital intelectual. Os principais métodos e técnicas aplicados foram ajuda a semelhante, reuniões informais, visitas técnicas entre empresas, viagens e visitas a feiras, elaboração de manuais para replicação de práticas, reembolso de despesas, portais eletrônicos: portais – e-mail – chats. No entanto, somente duas foram avaliadas, como tendo realmente um grande alcance dentro das organizações. Foram elas: reuniões informais e reembolso de despesas. Vinte métodos e técnicas foram elencados como uma situação desejada para grande aplicação nas

  1. Proposta de utilização do sistema Period Batch Control para redução de lead time em uma empresa de bens de capital Lead time reduction in a capital goods company by means of the implementation of Period Batch Control system

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    Maico Roris Severino

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar uma proposta para a utilização do sistema PBC (Period Batch Control, assim como de dois pré-requisitos, a saber: mudança na pol��tica de controle da qualidade e criação de uma célula virtual, para reduzir o lead time em uma empresa de bens de capital. O método de pesquisa utilizado é o estudo de caso. Resultados previstos de tal implantação indicam que a empresa estudada poderá obter vantagens significativas com a adoção do PBC como, por exemplo, redução de 46,42% no lead time do produto estudado, diminuição de custos de WIP (Work In Process em aproximadamente 50% e redução de 31% no tempo improdutivo. Esses resultados promissores podem ser alcançados também por empresas com características semelhantes que sigam a proposta apresentada neste artigo. Academicamente, o presente trabalho contribui para aumentar a divulgação do sistema PBC, assunto carente de pesquisas no Brasil.The goal of this work is to present a proposal for the use of the PBC (Period Batch Control, as well as two prerequisites, namely, to change the policy of quality control and creation of a virtual cell, to reduce the lead time in a company which produces capital goods. Case study research is the methodology used in this paper. Expected results of this implementation indicate that the company can obtain significant benefits by the adoption of PBC, such as 46.42% lead time reduction, reduction on WIP (Work In Process costs in approximately 51.56% and unproductive time in 31%. These promising results can be achieved by companies with similar characteristics. Academically, this work contribute to increase the dissemination of the PBC, a subject in need of research in Brazil.

  2. Capital humano y capacidad humana Human capital and human capacity

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    Sen Amartya Kumar

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available En este articulo se examinan las relaciones y diferencias entre el concepto de 'capital humano' y el concepto de 'capacidad humana'. El concepto de capital humano es mas limitado puesto que solo concibe las cualidades humanas en su relación con el crecimiento económico mientras que el concepto de capacidades da énfasis a la expansión de libertad humana para vivir el tipo de vida que la gente considera valedera. Cuando se adopta esa visión mas amplia, el proceso de desarrollo no puede verse simplemente como un incremento del PIB sino como la expansión de la capacidad humana para llevar una vida mas libre y mas digna.In this article the relationships and the differences between the concept of 'human capital' and the concept of 'human capability' are examined. The concept of human capital is more limited since it only conceives human qualities in relation to economic growth, whereas the concept of capabili ties puts emphasis on the expansion of human freedom to live the kind of life that people judge valuable. Whenthis broader vision is adopted, the process of development cannot be seen as simply an increase in the GNP, but rather as the expansion of the human capability to live a more free and worthy life.

  3. Flexible Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how...... the perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified...... flexible commoditization that more commonly is touted as tearing social relations apart. By interrogating a keenly debated contemporary work regime through an approach to sociality rooted in a rich and distinct anthropological legacy, the volume also makes a novel contribution to the anthropological...

  4. Capital intelectual : o capital intelectual e o principal elemento diferenciador das empresas em ambientes competitivos?

    OpenAIRE

    Ziccardi, Paulo de Tarso

    2010-01-01

    Trata do papel do capital intelectual dentro das organizações mostrando sua importância, explica os elementos necessários para o seu desenvolvimento e as razões para o seu desenvolvimento. Mostra as principais relações do capital intelectual com o contexto mundial e os impactos que tem nos resultados das organizações. Compara organizações que trabalham o seu capital intelectual com organizações que não trabalham e verifica as diferenças nos resultados. Levanta as carac...

  5. Capital social en empresas familiares

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    Magda Jiménez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo está dirigido a caracterizar la dinámica de la gestión del capital social en empresas familiares ubicadas en Santa Ana de Coro, municipio Miranda del estado Falcón. Para ello se llevó a cabo un estudio de campo de tipo descriptivo, mediante el uso de la técnica de la encuesta, siendo la modalidad utilizada el cuestionario, con el interés de obtener datos e información directamente de las 08 empresas familiares que funcionan en este municipio. De esta manera se conoció que en las empresas familiares del municipio Miranda, el capital social representa significativamente una de las características conducentes a la sociabilidad y confianza entre los miembros de las familias conductoras de las organizaciones y los empleados no miembros de familia; y es precisamente esta dinámica la razón por la cual el capital social se convierte en un trascendental recurso para las empresas, permitiendo el acceso a otros recursos e impulsando la participación de todos los que hacen vida en la organización, y por ende el crecimiento y desarrollo económico se hace evidente, estimulando en los empleados el sentido de pertenencia, confianza, compromiso y reciprocidad, generando beneficios para la red de demandantes y consumidores.

  6. Ensino médio integrado: subsunção aos interesses do capital ou travessia para a formação humana integral?

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    Dante Henrique Moura

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o significado do ensino médio na condição de etapa final da educação básica, tendo em vista a realidade socioeconômica e educacional brasileira, em que grande parte dos filhos das classes populares precisa trabalhar antes dos 18 anos de idade. Parte-se do pressuposto de que o objetivo a ser alcançado, na perspectiva de uma sociedade justa, é a formação omnilateral, integral ou politécnica de todos, de forma pública e igualitária e sob a responsabilidade do estado. Apesar de essa representar a utopia a ser buscada, a realidade atual está muito distante dessa perspectiva formativa. Neste trabalho, então, questiona-se: é possível caminhar nessa direção, mesmo em uma sociedade capitalista e periférica como a do Brasil? Tendo essa questão como norte do trabalho, discute-se o ensino médio integrado à educação profissional técnica de nível médio como uma possibilidade de travessia na direção formativa pretendida para os jovens brasileiros. O estudo foi desenvolvido tendo como referência os pensamentos de Karl Marx e Friedrich Engels, de Antonio Gramsci, assim como de autores que dialogam com eles. A análise permitiu concluir que a realidade socioeconômica brasileira exige, do ponto de vista teórico e ético-político, conceber e materializar um tipo de ensino médio que garanta uma base unitária para todos, fundamentado na concepção de formação humana integral, tendo como eixos estruturantes o trabalho, a ciência, a tecnologia e a cultura. Garantida essa mesma base, é preciso também que o ensino médio integrado à educação profissional técnica de nível médio seja colocado como uma possibilidade de formação.

  7. Crisis del capital y movilizaciones sociales: herramientas desde América Latina para a la construcción de una paz sostenible en Colombia

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    Janeth Restrepo Marín

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available La idea de una Colombia que está construyendo paz en medio de la guerra, ha generado sentimientos encontrados y en constante tensión que van desde el escepticismo hasta la esperanza; siendo un aspecto más que sensible la negociación con la guerrilla de las FARC quien ha sido históricamente construido como el enemigo interno. Independientemente de las críticas levantadas contra el modelo de paz que está siendo discutido en la mesa de la Habana entre Gobierno Nacional y FARC, lo cierto es que el país ha iniciado la preparación para un escenario en posconflicto. Desde esta proyección, el presente artículo plantea como reflexión que la construcción de una paz duradera requiere el desmonte de la concepción del enemigo interno y el cambio de la actitud estatal de enfrentar los conflictos sociales desde la represión.

  8. CAPITAL HUMANO Y CAPACIDADES SOCIETALES DE INNOVACIÓN: CONDICIONES PARA EL DESARROLLO DE LAS EMPRESAS DE PRODUCCIÓN SOCIAL EN VENEZUELA /HUMAN CAPITAL AND CAPACITIES SOCIETALES DE INNOVATION: CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPANIES OF SOCIAL PRODUCTION IN VENEZUELA

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    Belinda Elena COLINA ARENAS

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo es ofrecer una propuesta de fortalecimiento del capital humano para el desarrollo de Capacidades Societales de Innovación CSI en Empresas de Producción Social EPS a través de la instauración de una cultura innovadora, bajo la convicción del papel protagónico que debe asumir el mismo en el desarrollo y consolidación de estas. Las EPS surgen en el marco del Registro de Empresas de Producción Social REPS, creado en noviembre de 2005 inserto en el Programa de Empresas de Producción Social, amparado en el decreto 3.895 de septiembre de 2005, denominado “Desarrollo Endógeno y Empresas de Producción Social” (Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela, 2005 y en el marco del Plan Siembra Petrolera 2006-2012; adjudicándosele a Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. como empresa estratégica del estado una función catalizadora en el apalancamiento de estas modalidades socio productivas. El REPS representa una innovación socioinstitucional y socioproductiva venezolana y constituye una estrategia fundamental del estado venezolano en apoyo a la consolidación de la economía social en el país. Este registro tiene además la finalidad de diversificar la producción, incrementar y fortalecer el tejido productivo nacional y la transformación de las relaciones de producción. Por su parte las EPS representan una innovación en la economía social venezolana, las cuales profundizan los valores de solidaridad tanto al interior de estas organizaciones, como por su relación con las comunidades menos favorecida socioeconomicamente. Se efectuó la observación de bibliografía nacional e internacional especializada en el tema y de documentación oficial e institucional nacional, más una entrevista. Entre sus resultados destacan: 1 propuesta de algunos elementos teóricos para la instauración de una cultura innovadora en el capital humano de las EPS y 2 introducción de la noción de CSI ajustada al contexto de las EPS venezolanas y 3 construcción de

  9. Ma il realismo è proprio il bentornato?

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    Gianluca Giannini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Through the analysis of some proposals called “New Realism”, this paper tries to ask questions about its theoretical system. Because of the inner opacity, the rediscovery of realism drags into the argument the Philosophy, once again.Will we be able to answer?

  10. Ensaio sobre as virtudes do capital de risco corporativo para projetos de alta tecnologia no setor agrícola: a trajetória inovadora da Alellyx Applied Genomics e da CanaVialis Ensayo sobre las virtudes del capital de riesgo corporativo para el desarrollo de proyectos de alta tecnología en el sector agrícola: la trayectoria innovadora de Alellyx Applied Genomics y de CanaVialis Essay on the virtues of corporate venture capital for high-tech projects in the agricultural sector: the innovative trajectory of Alellyx Applied Genomics and CanaVialis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Bernardes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo neste artigo é investigar a trajetória de duas empresas startups brasileiras dedicadas a pesquisa e desenvolvimento (P&D no setor de biotecnologia: a Alellyx e a CanaVialis. São dois casos de spin-offs acadêmicos e de bioemprendimentos germinados na esfera do Projeto Genoma, da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Fapesp, maturadas na Votorantim Novos Negócios (VNN, área de novos negócios de um dos maiores grupos industriais brasileiros que atua no segmento de commodities, o Grupo Votorantim S/A, e depois vendidas para a Monsanto. Neste estudo, tentou-se compreender a racionalidade e as virtudes das ações de investimentos corporativos e das políticas públicas destinadas à biotecnologia focada em genômica aplicada para a agricultura no Brasil. A metodologia utilizada é a de estudo de caso, mais especificamente de análise dos dois casos de empresas comentados acima. Os resultados demonstraram que, apesar de o principal objetivo do grupo econômico ser a célere valorização do capital investido e seu retorno financeiro, a afiliação corporativa dessas empresas estimulou a aceleração de um conjunto de capacitações para a gestão empresarial da Alellyx e da CanaVialis, que foram críticas para o amadurecimento do negócio. Evidenciou-se, ainda, que foi fundamental o significativo aporte de recursos por meio dos mecanismos de apoio do sistema nacional à inovação.El objeto en este trabajo es investigar la trayectoria de dos empresas startups brasileñas que se dedican a I&D (Investigación y Desarrollo en el sector de biotecnología: Alellyx y CanaVialis. Son dos casos de spin-offs académicos y de bioemprendimientos surgidos en el ámbito del Proyecto Genoma, de la Fapesp (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, madurados en VNN (Votorantim Novos Negócios - área de nuevos negocios del Grupo Votorantim S/A, uno de los mayores grupos industriales brasileños que opera en el

  11. Ethics, Intellectual Capital & Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Saíz Álvarez

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Rev.esc.adm.neg Resultado del proceso de globalización económica actual, unido al inicio de la denominada «Primera Crisis Global (PCG, cada vez es mayor la importancia del capital intelectual en las organizaciones, tanto por las ventajas competitivas que genera para la organización, como por permitir que la empresa pueda lograr posiciones de liderazgo sostenible en el tiempo. Dicho capital intelectual se inserta dentro de las organizaciones siguiendo una doble perspectiva basada en la ética y en la gestión del conocimiento. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar cuáles son las bases que, desde una gestión del conocimiento basado en la ética aplicada a la empresa, permiten construir organizaciones líderes en el mercado global.

  12. A Phenomenology of Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Schmidt

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda a questão da metodologia que Marx utilizou em O Capital. A hipótese é que Marx utiliza a Fenomenologia do Espírito de Hegel como paradigma, em vez da Ciência da Lógica, como se acredita. O argumento discerne a fenomenologia do século 19 a partir da compreensão atual, moldada por Husserl. Além disso, eu remeto a ideia de uma fenomenologia em economia de volta ao círculo dos jovens hegelianos em torno de Proudhon. No entanto, o argumento é conclusivo apenas por um olhar mais atento ao uso que Hegel e Marx fazem dos níveis distintos de abstração dentro de suas respectivas exposições. O artigo demonstra especialmente os paralelos no início de ambos os livros e a forma como os seus autores avançam de um nível para o outro. Em contraste com as abordagens atuais que empregam a Ciência da Lógica como paradigma, eu saliento a especificidade que os objetos de investigação exibem em seus níveis particulares de abstração. Exemplos são a diferença de valores e preços de mercado e a discriminação entre capitais em geral e capital como um de muitos capitais em competição.

  13. Triads of capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    Within current research on social capital, a gap exists between political history analyses at the macro level and classical, sociological analyses at the meso and micro levels. Following up on  earlier work, the main purpose of this paper is to mediate between the two conflicting stances...... represented by Putnam and Portes. The paper raises the following question: Is it possible to detect the historical driving forces behind the building of both beneficial and harmful social capital? Driving forces are defined as structural determinants, which change human organization at all levels....... The hypothesis is that three forms of capital have the potential to act as driving forces: social capital, cultural capital and physical capital, the latter operationaliz­ed as buildings. A new concept, triad of capital, is introduced to analyze the interrelationship between these three forms of capital. A triad...

  14. State Capitalism in Eurasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Spechler, Martin; Ahrens, Joachim; Hoen, Herman W.

    2017-01-01

    The book specifies the type of economic system that has arisen in Central Asian. It presents three types of state-capitalism established in the former Soviet Union states in Eurasia - crony, dual sector, and predatory capitalism.

  15. O outro capital The other capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Prates da Fonseca Bueno

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Capital social uma forma de mobilizao cujo cerne no est nos indivduos nem nas formas de produo econmica, mas nas redes complexas de solidariedade e confiana. O livro Comunicao e poltica: capital social, reconhecimento e deliberao pblica traz uma coleo de artigos de pesquisadores em comunicao sobre este tema, organizado por ngela Marques e Heloiza Matos.Social capital is a form of mobilization whose core is not on individuals or in forms of economic production, but in the complex networks of solidarity and trust. The book Comunicao e poltica: capital social, reconhecimento e deliberao pblica (that translated to English means Communication and politics: social capital, recognition and public deliberation is a collection of articles written by researchers in communication about this subject, organized by ngela Marques and Heloiza Matos.

  16. CONTROLS ON CAPITAL MOVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petris Sorina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Until recently, capital mobility was encouraged across national borders, because it was considered that such capital can seek the highest rate of return. However, recent global financial developments have shown that, due to contagion, the mobility of capital flows can cause severe financial imbalances. In the context of globalization, liberalization or maintaining controls on capital flows is a current topic, more debated by economists. This topic is very important, due to the impact of liberalization decision or maintaining controls on capital flows has on the overall macroeconomic framework. The paper analyzes the relationship between capital flows’ control and the income per capita, the degree of central bank independence, democracy country, the foreign exchange regime. Also, it analyzes the effectiveness in time of capital controls, taking account of financial system development and potential risks of instability. Over time, it was observed that a period in which they have imposed restrictions on capital movements was followed by a removal of such restrictions, and vice versa. Cyclic change of capital movements regime corresponds to the cyclic evolution of the global economy. Full capital account liberalization led to the emergence of currency and financial crises, so that the idea of maintaining controls on capital is not rejected by economists. After a full liberalization of capital flows, there is a change in the mentality of an increasing number of economists, who support the maintenance of controls, in a gradual liberalization.

  17. Theorizing Emotional Capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cottingham, M.D.

    2016-01-01

    Theorizing a sociology of emotion that links micro-level resources to macro-level forces, this article extends previous work on emotional capital in relation to emotional experiences and management. Emerging from Bourdieu’s theory of social practice, emotional capital is a form of cultural capital t

  18. Theorizing Emotional Capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cottingham, M.D.

    2016-01-01

    Theorizing a sociology of emotion that links micro-level resources to macro-level forces, this article extends previous work on emotional capital in relation to emotional experiences and management. Emerging from Bourdieu’s theory of social practice, emotional capital is a form of cultural capital

  19. Una función de producción agregada para la economía colombiana: características e interacción entre el trabajo calificado, el trabajo no calificado y el capital, 1994–2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Ramirez Hassan

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se enseñan los resultados de las diversas elasticidades del trabajo calificado, el trabajo no calificado y el capital que se obtienen asumiendo una función de producción agregada translogarítmica para la economía colombiana. En general se encuentra que el trabajo calificado ha ganado participación al interior del proceso productivo en detrimento del trabajo no calificado y el capital. En general, los factores productivos son bienes normales, pero el trabajo calificado es el que reacciona más fuertemente ante expansión en el producto. Por otra parte, el trabajo no calificado es el factor productivo que presenta el mayor valor absoluto de la elasticidad precio de la demanda. Finalmente, se evidencia una relación de complementariedad entre el trabajo calificado y los otros dos factores, pero se presenta una relación de sustitubilidad entre el capital y el trabajo no calificado. Este acontecimiento microeconómico, unido al abaratamiento del costo de uso del capital y el encarecimiento del trabajo no calificado explican el poco descenso que ha experimentado la tasa de desempleo en la economía colombiana, pese al buen desempeño macroeconómico reciente.

  20. 76 FR 35351 - Capital Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ..., implementing, and monitoring a bank holding company's capital planning strategies and internal capital adequacy... requirements into their capital planning strategies and internal capital adequacy processes, including the... presentation of a company's capital planning strategies and capital adequacy processes that includes (i) An...

  1. Is Capitalism Ethical?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suciu T.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of this paper have set off from the question: is the present capitalism ethical? We started with the delimitation and correlation of the concepts of ethics, morals, morality. Further on, we analysed the evolution of capitalism in connection with morals. Based on this research, we came to the conclusion that the capitalist system has undergone through three stages: moral capitalism, amoral capitalism, and immoral capitalism. We concluded by implying that the corporate capitalist society is immoral, that it cannot regulate itself and that the government’s assistance is needed to inoculate the ethics.

  2. THE EFFECT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON SOCIAL CAPITAL AMONG ENTREPRENEURS

    OpenAIRE

    HANNES OTTÓSSON; KIM KLYVER

    2010-01-01

    Using data collected from 714 entrepreneurs in a random sample of 10,000 Danes, this study provides an investigation of the effect of human capital on social capital among entrepreneurs. Previous entrepreneurship research has extensively investigated the separated effect of human capital and social capital on different entrepreneurial outputs. The study takes a step back and investigates how these two capital concepts are related — specifically how human capital influences social capital. In ...

  3. THE EFFECT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON SOCIAL CAPITAL AMONG ENTREPRENEURS

    OpenAIRE

    HANNES OTTÓSSON; KIM KLYVER

    2010-01-01

    Using data collected from 714 entrepreneurs in a random sample of 10,000 Danes, this study provides an investigation of the effect of human capital on social capital among entrepreneurs. Previous entrepreneurship research has extensively investigated the separated effect of human capital and social capital on different entrepreneurial outputs. The study takes a step back and investigates how these two capital concepts are related — specifically how human capital influences social capital. In ...

  4. Human capital, stock, investment and other estimates

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldez, Roxana; Quiñonez, María del Carmen

    2014-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se realiza una cuantificación del capital humano en el Perú expresado en unidades monetarias. Se estiman el stock y la inversión en capital humano así como las tasas de rentabilidad de esta inversión. La principal variable considerada es el nivel de educación. Se trabaja sobre la base de información del ingreso laboral según sexo, edad y nivel de educación, de acuerdo al censo de 1981. A partir de ello se construye el Ingreso Laboral Esperado de por Vida para cada grupo...

  5. Cultural Capital in Context:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ida Gran; Jæger, Mads Meier

    This paper analyzes the extent to which the effect of cultural capital on academic achievement varies across high- and low-achieving schooling environments. We distinguish three competing theoretical models: Cultural reproduction (cultural capital yields higher returns in high-achieving schooling...... environments than in low-achieving ones), cultural mobility (cultural capital yields higher returns in low-achieving environments), and cultural resources (cultural capital yields the same returns in different environments). We analyze PISA data from six countries and find that returns to cultural capital tend...... to be higher in low-achieving schooling environments than in high-achieving ones. These results support the cultural mobility explanation and are in line with previous research suggesting that children from low-SES families benefit more from cultural capital than children from high-SES families....

  6. Handbook of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Handbook of Social Capital balances the ‘troika' of sociology, political science and economics by offering important contributions to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars within all...... the social sciences. The contributors explore the different scientific approaches that are all needed if international research is to embrace both the bright and the more shadowy aspects of social capital....

  7. Modern Human Capital Management

    OpenAIRE

    Feldberger, Madita

    2008-01-01

    Title: Modern Human Capital Management Seminar date: 30th of May 2008 Course: Master thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS Authors: Madita Feldberger Supervisor: Lars Svensson Keywords: Human capital, SWOT Analysis, Strategic Map, Balanced Scorecard Research Problem: Despite of the success of Human Capital Management (HCM) in research it did not arrive yet in the HR departments of many companies. Numerous firms even have problems to set their strategic goals with focus on HR. The HR Bala...

  8. Institutions and Venture Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Lerner, Josh; Tåg, Joacim

    2012-01-01

    We survey the literature on venture capital and institutions and present a case study comparing the development of the venture capital market in the US to Sweden. Our literature survey underscores that the legal environment, financial market development, the tax system, labor market regulations, and public spending on research and development correlates with venture capital activities across countries. Our case study suggests these institutional differences led to the later development of an ...

  9. Social Capital Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2005-01-01

      This report has two purposes: The first purpose is to present our 4-page question­naire, which measures social capital. It is close to the main definitions of social capital and contains the most successful measures from the literature. Also it is easy to apply as discussed. The second purpose ...... is to present the social capital database we have collected for 21 countries using the question­naire. We do this by comparing the level of social capital in the countries covered. That is, the report compares the marginals from the 21 surveys....

  10. Piketty’s Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Øjvind

    2016-01-01

    Piketty’s Capital in Twenty-First Century has posed a totally new platform for the discussion of the economy and capitalism. Piketty has reinvented the classical political economy founded by Adam Smith in his 1776 Wealth of Nations. Piketty has shown via massive historical research how growth...... and inequality have developed since 1793. Piketty’s conclusion is that the French Revolution did not change the existing inequality either in the medium or in the long term. Piketty’s prediction is that a new form of global capitalism will arise, patrimonial capitalism, in which inequality will develop further...

  11. Social Capital Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2005-01-01

      This report has two purposes: The first purpose is to present our 4-page question­naire, which measures social capital. It is close to the main definitions of social capital and contains the most successful measures from the literature. Also it is easy to apply as discussed. The second purpose ...... is to present the social capital database we have collected for 21 countries using the question­naire. We do this by comparing the level of social capital in the countries covered. That is, the report compares the marginals from the 21 surveys....

  12. Electronic Capitalization Asset Form

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — National Automated Capitalization Authorization Form used by ATO Engineering Services, Logistics, Accounting for the purpose of identifying and capturing FAA project...

  13. Influencia del Capital Intelectual en la Competitividad de los Hoteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Heredia Heredia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente investigación es conocer la influencia del capital intelectual en la competitividad de las empresas hoteleras de 1 a 5 estrellas de Aguascalientes, México. La medición del capital intelectual, que es el recurso intangible de las organizaciones contenido en el capital humano, capital estructural y capital relacional que genera competitividad y riqueza presente y futura, se realiza a través de un instrumento tipo Likert de 61 reactivos, cuyos resultados son comparados con la competitividad de los hoteles, medida a través de la rentabilidad por habitación disponible. Los resultados muestran la relación positiva entre el capital intelectual y la competitividad de los hoteles. La información podría ser útil en al menos tres dimensiones: primero, para diseñar los planes estratégicos de las empresas hoteleras; segundo, como apoyo para el diseño de las políticas del sector turismo y, tercero, como base académica para continuar en el desarrollo trabajos sobre el capital intelectual en otro tipo de organizaciones, con el interés de apoyar las decisiones empresariales y las políticas económicas.

  14. Social Capital in Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping

    2014-01-01

    This article provides an overview of social capital in Asia. Social capital is trust and appears in two main forms: relational, based on societal norms, and systemic, based on societal institutions. The relational encourages personalistic transactions; and systemic trust, supports more formal...

  15. Linguistic Capital Pays Dividends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linse, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Some 37 million U.S. residents speak Spanish at home and more than 55% of them say they also speak English. That creates what is called linguistic capital. Although linguistic capital is difficult to quantify, it is enormously valuable and is determined by an individual's language competency, and is too frequently wasted instead of being…

  16. Human Capital and Retirement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Alders

    1999-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates the relation between human capital and retirement when the age of retirement is endogenous. This relation is examined in a life-cycle earnings model. An employee works full time until retirement. The worker accumulates human capital by training- on-the-job and by

  17. Handbook of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Handbook of Social Capital balances the ‘troika' of sociology, political science and economics by offering important contributions to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars within all...

  18. Measuring Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard; Bjørnskov, Christian

    2007-01-01

    How to construct a robust measure of social capital? This paper contains two contributions. The first is an attempt to establish a broad social capital measure based on four indicators, the Freedom House Index, an index of perceived corruption from Transparency International, and scores on civic...

  19. Venture capital and internationalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schertler, Andrea; Tykvova, Tereza

    2011-01-01

    Cross-border investments represent a substantial share of venture capital activities. We use a comprehensive dataset on investments worldwide to analyze the internationalization of venture capital financing. We postulate that cross-border activity is shaped by macroeconomic factors in the venture ca

  20. Aggregating economic capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dhaene, J.; Goovaerts, M.; Lundin, M.; Vanduffel, S.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we analyze and evaluate a standard approach financial institutions use to calculate their so-called total economic capital. If we consider a business that faces a total random loss S over a given one-year horizon then economic capital is traditionally defined as the difference between

  1. Linguistic Capital Pays Dividends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linse, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Some 37 million U.S. residents speak Spanish at home and more than 55% of them say they also speak English. That creates what is called linguistic capital. Although linguistic capital is difficult to quantify, it is enormously valuable and is determined by an individual's language competency, and is too frequently wasted instead of being…

  2. 76 FR 42768 - Capital Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-19

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Capital Distribution AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), Treasury... concerning the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Capital Distribution. OMB Number: 1550..., the information provides the OTS with a mechanism for monitoring capital distributions since...

  3. Cultural Capital Today

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Skjøtt-Larsen, Jakob; Rosenlund, Lennart

    2008-01-01

    Based on Danish survey data subjected to correspondence analysis, this article aims at carrying out a critical assessment of Pierre Bourdieu's theory of social differentiation in advanced societies as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. As his theory goes, capital volume (economic + cultural capital......) and capital composition (the relative weight of the two) are the main dimensions of social differentiation, which structure the space of social positions as well as the space of lifestyles. The central discussion of the article concerns the character of cultural capital, and the role it plays in the formation...... of distinction? Cultural capital in a contemporary Danish context appears to be less related to traditional highbrow cultural consumption than in Bourdieu's studies in France some decades ago. Third, is there a rise in the omnivorousness and tolerant taste within the cultural elite? This study answers negatively...

  4. Social Capital in Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping

    2014-01-01

    , and usually larger, transactions backed by law. For economic development, the systemic form becomes crucial but needs to be compatible with relational norms. The dimensions of social capital are often dual in nature. This article employs a theory that accepts this and analyses the phenomena as yin......This article provides an overview of social capital in Asia. Social capital is trust and appears in two main forms: relational, based on societal norms, and systemic, based on societal institutions. The relational encourages personalistic transactions; and systemic trust, supports more formal......–yang balancing, seeing trust as a culturally determined enabler of social cooperation. The evolutions of trustworthiness in Japan, China, and the Philippines are analysed. This article contributes to the literature on varieties of capitalism and business systems as well as that on social capital. It raises...

  5. Recent estimates of capital flight

    OpenAIRE

    Claessens, Stijn; Naude, David

    1993-01-01

    Researchers and policymakers have in recent years paid considerable attention to the phenomenon of capital flight. Researchers have focused on four questions: What concept should be used to measure capital flight? What figure for capital flight will emerge, using this measure? Can the occurrence and magnitude of capital flight be explained by certain (economic) variables? What policy changes can be useful to reverse capital flight? The authors focus strictly on presenting estimates of capital...

  6. ADAPTACIÓN DE LA LEY DE COOPERATIVAS DEL PAÍS VASCO A LAS NORMAS INTERNACIONALES DE CONTABILIDAD (Apuntes para una nueva configuración del régimen del capital en las Sociedades Cooperativas/ADAPTATION OF THE LAW OF CO-OPERATIVES OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY TO THE INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING NORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier DIVAR GARTEIZ-AURRECOA

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La Legislación vasca de cooperativas remite a la libre decisión de cada sociedad para que los estatutos puedan prever la existencia de aportaciones a capital social no exigibles, pero reembolsables por decisión de la cooperativa, permitiendo, así, contabilizar las aportaciones de los socios como recurso propio. Con la modificación de la Ley se ha pretendido únicamente adecuar el texto a la NIC 32 y no introducir las anheladas medidas para facilitar la financiación de las empresas cooperativas con fondos propios./The Basque Legislation of cooperative societies sends to the free decision of every society in order that the bylaws could foresee the existence of contributions to share capital not eligible, but refundable for decision of the cooperative society, allowing to assess, this way, the contributions of the associates as own resource. With the modification of the Law one has tried to adapt only the text to the NIC 32 and not to introduce the longed measurements to facilitate the funding of the cooperative companies with own funds.

  7. Evaluation and relationship among intellectual capital dimensions: An application to the timber industries situated in Oberá Department (Argentina Evaluación y relaciones entre las dimensiones del capital intelectual: El caso de la cadena de la madera de Oberá (Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Froilan Figueroa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates three dimensions of intellectual capital, i.e. human capital, structural capital and relational capital and their inter-relationships. For that, a model is developed, which evaluates the intellectual capital within organizations located in developing countries areas. It is applied to timber value chain firms in Oberá, Misiones (Argentine. The results emphasize attitudes and skills within human capital, leaving secondly knowledge; process and technologies in structural capital, and the relationship with customers within the relational capital. The data shows that human capital is directly related to structural capital and indirectly with relational capital. However, there is not a direct association between relational capital and human capital. Therefore, a policy that enhances structural capital is a way of consolidating the growth of the three capitals.Este trabajo investiga las tres dimensiones de capital intelectual, esto es, capital humano, capital estructural y capital relacional y sus interrelaciones. Para ello, se desarrolla un modelo que permite evaluar el capital intelectual en organizaciones ubicadas en zonas de países en vías de desarrollo. Se aplica a las empresas pertenecientes a la cadena de la madera del Departamento Oberá (Misiones. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que dentro del capital humano, lo más importante son las actitudes y las capacidades, dejando en segundo lugar los conocimientos. Dentro del capital estructural destacan los aspectos tecnológicos y de procesos; y dentro del capital relacional, la relación con los clientes. Los datos analizados muestran que el capital humano está asociado directamente con el capital estructural e indirectamente con el capital relacional. Sin embargo, no hay una asociación directa entre el capital relacional y el capital humano. Por lo tanto, una política en la que se potencie el capital estructural será la forma de unificar el crecimiento de los tres

  8. Cultural Capital in Context:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ida Gran; Jæger, Mads Meier

    This paper analyzes the extent to which the effect of cultural capital on academic achievement varies across high- and low-achieving schooling environments. We distinguish three competing theoretical models: Cultural reproduction (cultural capital yields higher returns in high-achieving schooling...... to be higher in low-achieving schooling environments than in high-achieving ones. These results support the cultural mobility explanation and are in line with previous research suggesting that children from low-SES families benefit more from cultural capital than children from high-SES families....

  9. Medición del valor del capital intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    Yolanda Funes Cataño; Cleotilde Hernández Garnica

    2001-01-01

    En este estudio entenderemos por capital intelectual el conocimiento aplicado al trabajo para crear activos de valor presente o futuro de la empresa; es decir, este capital debe manifestarse en una forma que pueda ser identificable, de la que se puedan obtener beneficios económicos futuros fundadamente esperados con cierto control sobre los mismos. Al respecto el problema que se aborda es: ¿cuáles son los modelos qué pueden medir el valor del capital intelectual? El objetivo es estudiar los d...

  10. Piketty’s Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Øjvind

    2016-01-01

    Piketty’s Capital in Twenty-First Century has posed a totally new platform for the discussion of the economy and capitalism. Piketty has reinvented the classical political economy founded by Adam Smith in his 1776 Wealth of Nations. Piketty has shown via massive historical research how growth...... and inequality have developed since 1793. Piketty’s conclusion is that the French Revolution did not change the existing inequality either in the medium or in the long term. Piketty’s prediction is that a new form of global capitalism will arise, patrimonial capitalism, in which inequality will develop further...... and the 1% of the World population will control 95% of all wealth in the World....

  11. Cultural Capital Today

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Skjøtt-Larsen, Jakob; Rosenlund, Lennart

    2008-01-01

    Based on Danish survey data subjected to correspondence analysis, this article aims at carrying out a critical assessment of Pierre Bourdieu's theory of social differentiation in advanced societies as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. As his theory goes, capital volume (economic + cultural capital...... of distinction? Cultural capital in a contemporary Danish context appears to be less related to traditional highbrow cultural consumption than in Bourdieu's studies in France some decades ago. Third, is there a rise in the omnivorousness and tolerant taste within the cultural elite? This study answers negatively......, as those adhering to the preferences that are most typical for the cultural elite tend to simultaneously avoid or mark distance to popular expressions of taste. Fourth, are there traces of new forms of cultural capital? The study uncovers a cleavage between a global orientation or a form of cosmopolitanism...

  12. Unsustainable growth, unsustainable capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næss, Petter

    2006-01-01

    problems, but serve to further highlight the difficulties of changing capitalism towards sustainability. In a profit-oriented economy, capital accumulation is a prime driving force, and non-growth for the economy at large tends to result in serious economic and social crises. On the other hand, a de...... according to which the powers and mechanisms of the natural world are considered totally controllable by humans as if they were mere epiphenomena of the human world. On the other hand, the assumptions of certain ecological economists about the possibility of steady-state capitalism disregard the relation...... between capital and surplus value, which constitutes a strong mechanism driving the capitalist economy toward limitless growth....

  13. Unsustainable growth, unsustainable capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næss, Petter

    2006-01-01

    problems, but serve to further highlight the difficulties of changing capitalism towards sustainability. In a profit-oriented economy, capital accumulation is a prime driving force, and non-growth for the economy at large tends to result in serious economic and social crises. On the other hand, a de...... according to which the powers and mechanisms of the natural world are considered totally controllable by humans as if they were mere epiphenomena of the human world. On the other hand, the assumptions of certain ecological economists about the possibility of steady-state capitalism disregard the relation...... between capital and surplus value, which constitutes a strong mechanism driving the capitalist economy toward limitless growth....

  14. The Genesis of Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Xing

    2004-01-01

     This paper aims to offer a framework of interpreting the “evolution” of capitalism that is reaching every corner of the world and has achieved greater legitimacy than at any time in human history. It covers an interdisciplinary discussion on the development of market capitalism that has been...... characterized by a dual process: unanticipated origin (cultural and historical) and anticipated progress (political economy). The point of departure of this paper is that although the advancement of market capitalism is a process of societal development involving historical, cultural and religious causes...... (historical, divine, spiritual, miraculous), the establishment of capitalism is less the result of a force for cultural and economic dynamism than the realization of a political project. In other words, from being an enterprise within defined geographical boundaries to becoming a global project is first...

  15. Capital Projects Application (CPA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Capital Projects application (CPA) provides users with the ability to maintain project related financial data for Budget Activity (BA) 51, 55, 64, 01, 02, 03, 04....

  16. Predisposição para Formação de Capital Social entre Comerciantes dos Corredores Comerciais da Região Central do Município de São José dos Campos - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Franchi Carniello

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cooperation, one element that results in the formation of social capital of an individual or group of individuals, is one of the variables of interference in local development process. The aim of this paper is to verify the disposition to perform actions of promotion and marketing communication in a cooperative manner by traders in the central region of São José dos Campos -SP, in order to foster the development of local commerce. The research is characterized as exploratory, qualitative approach to data collection documents. It was found that there is a clear predisposition for cooperation on the part of traders in the corridors studied, which is a potential for the formation and accumulation of social capital and therefore an advantage for the development of local trade.

  17. Updating cultural capital theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Savage, Mike

    2011-01-01

    This paper considers how the analysis of cultural engagement can be elaborated through a reworking of the concept of cultural capital, as originally derived from Bourdieu’s (1984) Distinction. Drawing on detailed studies of the UK and Aalborg, Denmark, we show that despite the weakening of ‘‘high......This paper considers how the analysis of cultural engagement can be elaborated through a reworking of the concept of cultural capital, as originally derived from Bourdieu’s (1984) Distinction. Drawing on detailed studies of the UK and Aalborg, Denmark, we show that despite the weakening......, and art); and (c) an international and a local or national orientation stand out as the most important. We discuss whether these oppositions can usefully be conceptualised as cultural capital. We argue that such a conceptualisation demands, first, that cultural capital is understood in relative rather...... than absolute terms, and that a field analytic perspective provides the means of understanding cultural capital as such a relative entity. Second, the move from the empirical observation of oppositions to the conceptualisation of cultural capital also demands that the functioning of features...

  18. Entrepreneurs’ human and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shayegheh Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh; Rezaei, Shahamak; Schøtt, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    capital, that human capital and social capital (specifically networking in the international environment, work-place, professions and market, but not in the private sphere) both benefit export directly and that human capital amplifies the benefit of social capital, especially through international......Abstract: It is widely acknowledged that entrepreneurs’ human capital in form of education and social capital in form of networking are mutually beneficial and also that both human and social capital benefit their performance. Here, the hypothesis is that human and social capital, in combination......, provide added value and jointly add a further boost to performance, specifically if the form of exporting. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor provides data on 52,946 entrepreneurs, who reported on exporting and networking for advice. Hierarchical linear modelling shows that human capital promotes social...

  19. Capital Flight and Economic Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Beja, Edsel Jr.

    2007-01-01

    Capital flight aggravates resource constraints and contributes to undermine long-term economic growth. Counterfactual calculations on the Philippines suggest that capital flight contributed to lower the quality of long-term economic growth. Sustained capital flight over three decades means that capital flight had a role for the Philippines to lose the opportunities to achieve economic takeoff. Unless decisive policy actions are taken up to address enduring capital flight and manage the macroe...

  20. 78 FR 62417 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Part 324 RIN 3064-AD95 Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, Prompt Corrective Action, Standardized Approach for Risk-Weighted Assets, Market Discipline and Disclosure Requirements, Advanced Approaches Risk-Based Capital Rule,...

  1. Cuadro de Mando Integral (CMI) y el Enfoque Sistémico (ES) como herramientas para la generación de valor económico del capital humano en las organizaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Herrera Avendaño; Omar Ernesto Terán; Ignacio Rivera Cruz

    2014-01-01

    En la era del conocimiento surgen nuevas necesidades relacionadas con la valuación de activos intangibles que no son reflejados en los estados financieros y que sin embargo dan valor a las entidades u organizaciones, por ello es necesario crear propuestas de valuación para esta clase de activos. Entre las razones que podemos mencionar para dar solución a esta problemática encontramos: a) Información transparente que provea de información útil a los accionistas para que puedan tomar decisiones...

  2. INTEREST ON EQUITY AND THE WEIGHTED AVERAGE COST OF CAPITAL

    OpenAIRE

    LUCAS AUGUSTO DE MORAIS PILOTO

    2008-01-01

    Diversos métodos são utilizados para o cálculo do valor justo de uma empresa. Dentre os métodos mais usados, estão o método do fluxo de caixa descontado, onde os fluxos de caixa estimados da empresa são trazidos a valor presente por uma taxa para se chegar a uma estimativa de valor da empresa. Esta taxa é uma média ponderada do custo de capital próprio e do custo de capital de terceiros, sendo conhecida pela sigla WACC. No Brasil, entretanto, existe uma peculiaridade na legi...

  3. Capital intelectual: verdades e mitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Thereza Pompa Antunes

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Muito se tem comentado que os relatórios fornecidos pela Contabilidade Financeira não retratam certas realidades das empresas atualmente, tendo em vista o fato de o valor contábil das ações estar muitas vezes abaixo do seu valor de mercado. Esse contraste entre os dois valores vem sendo identificado como Capital Intelectual e apresentado como um novo conceito de administração de empresas que conduz à necessidade de aplicação de novas estratégias, de nova filosofia de gestão e novas formas de avaliação do valor da empresa. Este trabalho evidencia a verdadeira relação existente entre a Contabilidade e o Capital Intelectual. Desmistifica-se a novidade do conceito, pois comprova-se que o capital Intelectual é parte integrante do Goodwill, conceito secularmente conhecido e estudado pela Contabilidade. Os elementos intangíveis sempre foram abordados pela Contabilidade e, da mesma forma, como nunca se desprezou a sua importância, nunca se subestimou a sua complexidade. Portanto, a Contabilidade não é falha na divulgação das informações por ela registradas. Deve-se entender a finalidade de cada uma das Demonstrações Contábeis, bem como os Princípios subjacentes a elas. A falta de conhecimento, por vezes, conduz a conclusões precipitadas e errôneas. Por outro lado, qualquer que seja o rótulo atribuído aos elementos intangíveis, que sempre fizeram parte das organizações, entende-se e aceita-se que hoje, cada vez mais, o conhecimento e o gerenciamento desses elementos são relevantes para a gestão das empresas, pois o momento atual é caracterizado pela ampla aplicação do recurso do conhecimento pelo homem, que se materializa em novas tecnologias, sistemas e serviços (entendidos como ativos intangíveis que agregam valor às organizações.It has been said many times that the statements provided by Financial Accounting do not give a picture of certain realities of companies nowadays, considering the fact that, often

  4. Human Capital and Optimal Positive Taxation of Capital Income

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, B.; Bovenberg, A.L.

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cyclemodel of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge-nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not onlylabor income but also capital income is optimal. The positive tax on capital incomeserves to alleviate the distortions of the labor tax on human capital accumulation.The optimal marginal tax rate on capital income is lower than that on labor inco...

  5. ANCAMAN CAPITAL INFLOW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Sihono

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Capital inflow can be interpreted as an increase in the amount of money available from external or foreign sources for the purchase of local capital assets such as securities, houses, buildings, land, machinery. These short-term asset purchase, so if at any time be withdrawn in large quantities, it will endanger the country's economy. The swift flow of foreign funds may be a threat to the country which became the capital inflow in the form of options: pressure of inflation, high cost economy, the defisit Central Bank balance, the economic turbulence, and the threat of economic growth. Improvement of high economic growth accompanied by rising foreign exchange reserves that high also, it turns out is not free from the risk of unbridled inflation and economic cricis, destabilizing the economy during those funds withdrawn by foreign investors. For the avoidance of economic risk, should the government together with the Central Bank made a rule to direct capital inflow into the real sektor. Keywords: capital inflows, global likuiditas

  6. Organizational networks and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents a framework for understanding organizational networks and social capital through the lens of “social capital ownership” as well as the private and collective goods provided through this ownership. More specifically, it argues that ownership of social capital in organizations...... is closely connected to four types of social capital – two belonging to the bridging social capital type, and two belonging to the bonding social capital type. The chapter first reviews literature on organizational social capital and then directly focuses on ownership of social capital in organizations......, as well as the derived benefits, or losses. Next, the chapter presents an empirical case apt to illustrate the theoretical findings in part one, namely the nineteenth-century Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement (Svendsen and Svendsen 2004). It is demonstrated how social capital among Danish peasants...

  7. Organizational networks and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents a framework for understanding organizational networks and social capital through the lens of “social capital ownership” as well as the private and collective goods provided through this ownership. More specifically, it argues that ownership of social capital in organizations...... is closely connected to four types of social capital – two belonging to the bridging social capital type, and two belonging to the bonding social capital type. The chapter first reviews literature on organizational social capital and then directly focuses on ownership of social capital in organizations......, as well as the derived benefits, or losses. Next, the chapter presents an empirical case apt to illustrate the theoretical findings in part one, namely the nineteenth-century Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement (Svendsen and Svendsen 2004). It is demonstrated how social capital among Danish peasants...

  8. Conceptualizaciones sobre capital social y redes de relaciones sociales : Potencialidades y desafíos para la investigación en estratificación y movilidad social

    OpenAIRE

    Seid, Gonzálo

    2012-01-01

    En este trabajo nos abocaremos a revisar algunas conceptualizaciones en torno a las nociones de capital social y de redes de relaciones sociales en la creciente literatura que las aborda. Las distintas perspectivas teóricas en torno a estos conceptos relativamente recientes en la teoría sociológica implican, a su vez, diferencias respecto a la construcción de los objetos de estudio y en sus fundamentos epistemológicos. Teniendo en cuenta que el uso de estos conceptos se ha expandido en distin...

  9. Capital de Marca desde la perspectiva del consumidor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Saavedra Torres

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es explorar los conceptos teóricos del Capital de Marca desde la perspectiva del comportamiento del consumidor, como un intento de revisar los basamentos que constituyen su formación. Los planteamientos realizados forman parte de una investigación cualitativa de las propuestas de cuatro autores que formulan modelos para definir las fuentes, métodos para construir y elementos para determinar los beneficios del Capital de Marca, tanto para la organización, como para el consumidor. Se concluye en que el desarrollo teórico del Capital de Marca no ha finalizado aún ya que los modelos aquí analizados se complementan entre sí a la hora de descomponer y analizar sus elementos constitutivos; presentándose la ausencia de una convención ampliamente aceptada sobre la definición del concepto de Capital de Marca.

  10. Thinking strategically about capitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, P

    1997-05-01

    All managed care stakeholders--health plan members, employers, providers, community organizations, and government entitites--share a common interest in reducing healthcare costs while improving the quality of care health plan members receive. Although capitation is a usually thought of primarily as a payment mechanism, it can be a powerful tool providers and health plans can use to accomplish these strategic objectives and others, such as restoring and maintaining the health of plan members or improving a community's health status. For capitation to work effectively as a strategic tool, its use must be tied to a corporate agenda of partnering with stakeholders to achieve broader strategic goals. Health plans and providers must develop a partnership strategy in which each stakeholder has well-defined roles and responsibilities. The capitation structure must reinforce interdependence, shift focus from meeting organizational needs to meeting customer needs, and develop risk-driven care strategies.

  11. El prestigio ocupacional en “La tienda de ropa más grande de México”. Elementos para la estimación del Capital Social en Uriangato, Guanajuato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro García

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article documents the process of defining the prestige hierarchy for a sample of occupations, a required component of a Position generator to estimate social Capital within a local atypical context, from a relational perspective. it describes the results of a mixed-design study conducted to assessing the perceptions of occupational Prestige in Uriangato, a Mexican town highly specialized in producing and selling clothing through small businesses. Through the case study we found a differentiated interpretation of occupational prestige regarding international standards. occupations related to productive specialized local settings, are generally better evaluated. owning a business of manufacturing, trade or services, is a better recognized occupation in comparison with others that, in typical contexts, have greater prestige and socioeconomic status, such as lawyer, teacher or nurse. However, the scale achieved on the basis of the qualitative technique of pile sort, strongly correlates with two internationally standardized scales of occupational Prestige, making it possible to build a locally relevant Position generator to measure social capital, while maintaining comparability to other studies done in different economic or cultural contexts.

  12. O ativo diferido das empresas que entraram para o mercado de capitais brasileiro no anode 2007: uma análise empírica = The active deferred companies enterea for the brasilian capital markets in the 2007: an empirical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Haendchen Dutra

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo verificar se os gastos contabilizados no ativo diferido das empresas que entraram para o mercado de capitais brasileiro (BOVESPA no ano de 2007 possuem a capacidade de impactar significativamente seus resultados econômicos. Para atingir o objetivo proposto realizou-se um levantamento a partir dos dados publicados na homepage da CVM. A pesquisa tem caráter descritivo e a abordagem adotada dá-se tanto qualitativa quanto quantitativamente, utilizando-se para a análise e interpretação dos dados a técnica de análise documental. São escrutadas as demonstrações contábeis consolidadas e as notas explicativas de 63 das 92 companhias que entraram para o mercado de capitais brasileiro no ano de 2007.Verifica-se que, deste contexto, 35 empresas apresentam valores considerados ‘Relevantes’ se comparados a outras contas do seu balanço patrimonial, muito embora que em apenas 2 destas tenha sido observado, clara e objetivamente, uma significativa capacidade de impactar em seus resultados econômicos. The present study has the objective to verify if the accounting spending of the Deferred Asset ofcompanies that entered for the Brazilian Capital Market (BOVESPA in the year of 2007 they ownthe capacity of producing significant impact in yours economic results. To reach the proposedgoal, an survey study was going accomplished with data published in the CVM Homepage. Theresearch has an descriptive character and used the Documental Analysis technique for the dataanalysis and interpretation. The approach adopted was both qualitative and quantitative. 63among 92 companies that entered for the Brazilian Capital Market in the year of 2007 arescrutinized through of their consolidated financial statement and explanatory note. In 35companies of this context are presented values that considered ‘Material’ if compared to othersaccounts of your balance sheet, however in only 2 have been observed, clear and objectively

  13. Contabilidad del capital intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    El capital intelectual es un valor intangible que debe incorporarse a los estados financieros, como parte de la generación de valor de todos los trabajadores de una organización. Existen algunos modelos que permiten cuantificarlo, aunque es preciso reconocer que debemos ahondar con más precisión con el objeto de contar con un mayor número de adeptos a esta importante referencia. The intellectual capital is an intangible value that should incorporate to the financial states, like part of t...

  14. Five models of capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Besides analyzing capitalist societies historically and thinking of them in terms of phases or stages, we may compare different models or varieties of capitalism. In this paper I survey the literature on this subject, and distinguish the classification that has a production or business approach from those that use a mainly political criterion. I identify five forms of capitalism: among the rich countries, the liberal democratic or Anglo-Saxon model, the social or European model, and the endogenous social integration or Japanese model; among developing countries, I distinguish the Asian developmental model from the liberal-dependent model that characterizes most other developing countries, including Brazil.

  15. Human Capital and Optimal Positive Taxation of Capital Income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge- nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also capital inco

  16. Human Capital and Optimal Positive Taxation of Capital Income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge- nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also capital inco

  17. Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blouin, J.; Huizinga, H.P.; Laeven, L.; Nicodeme, G.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin capitalization rules in 54 countries for the period 1982-2004. Using confide

  18. Los determinantes del trabajo infantil rural en el Perú y su incidencia sobre la formación del capital humano : bases para propuestas de políticas.

    OpenAIRE

    Aliaga Huidobro, Elizabeth; Guabloche Colunge, Judith; Villacorta Olazábal, Mirlena Hilda

    2009-01-01

    La tasa de ocupación infantil es de 30 por ciento, tanto para el 2001 como para el 2007. El trabajo infantil es fundamentalmente rural y campesino y tiene efectos perversos en la acumulación de escolaridad. Aún en la combinación de estudio-trabajo, la población infantil trabajadora rural tiene menores logros educativos respecto de la que sólo estudia. Los principales determinantes del trabajo infantil en medios rurales son la pobreza, el idioma materno, la residencia en el á...

  19. El empresario PYME del sector agroindustrial en el departamento La Capital de la provincia de Santa Fe. Un abordaje para comprender el éxito empresarial desde la complejidad de su historia personal

    OpenAIRE

    Malano, Daniel Luis

    2014-01-01

    En esta investigación se debatirán los factores que influyen en el resultado de las empresas relacionadas con el sector agropecuario, más allá de los aspectos puramente cuantitativos. A partir de esta concepción, se han tomado como eje de análisis los aspectos personales del empresario, para lo cual, se realizó un estudio de caso de empresarios PyMES del sector agroindustrial, para comprender cuáles son los factores relevantes o significativos en el éxito empresarial, abordados y analizados d...

  20. 75 FR 6151 - Minimum Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... finance market conditions; (7) Level of reserves or retained earnings; (8) Initiatives, operations... for a periodic review of core capital maintained by an Enterprise, the amount of capital retained by...

  1. Capital Structure and Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flor, Christian Riis

    2008-01-01

    post optimally sell the assets or re-optimize the capital structure. Ex ante, more uncertain asset value decreases leverage, but not firm value, and selling the assets becomes less likely. Firms should tend to invest in assets whose value is less correlated to changes in earnings and, in addition...

  2. Capital projects coordination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zubović Jovan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at the difficulties of managing modem capital projects and endeavors to reduce the complexities to simpler and more understandable terms. It examines the project environment, defines project management and discusses points of difference from traditional management. In the second part of the paper are presented fundamentals for project success for different types of projects.

  3. Cooperative social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Acera Manero

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Social capital consists of the contributions of members and associates, both mandatory and voluntary. From an accounting point of view, it is a liability figure that expresses the value of a portion of the equity of the cooperative. Its inclusion in the liability is not the fact that it is a debt but by its nature unenforceable.

  4. Manage "Human Capital" Strategically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odden, Allan

    2011-01-01

    To strategically manage human capital in education means restructuring the entire human resource system so that schools not only recruit and retain smart and capable individuals, but also manage them in ways that support the strategic directions of the organization. These management practices must be aligned with a district's education improvement…

  5. Corruption and Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2003-01-01

    I examine the causal relation between social capiatl and corruption. A simple model illustrates potential mechanisms and yields testable implications, which I estimate in a sample of European countries. The estimated effect of social capital on corruption is found to be robust to the inclusion...... redistribution, which in turn reduces corruption....

  6. Manage "Human Capital" Strategically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odden, Allan

    2011-01-01

    To strategically manage human capital in education means restructuring the entire human resource system so that schools not only recruit and retain smart and capable individuals, but also manage them in ways that support the strategic directions of the organization. These management practices must be aligned with a district's education improvement…

  7. Towards Transnational Academic Capitalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauppinen, Ilkka

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to current debates on the relationship between globalisation and higher education. The main argument of the paper is that we are currently witnessing transnationalisation of academic capitalism. This argument is illustrated by examining the collaboration between transnational corporations and research universities, and how…

  8. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl; Wengström, Erik Roland

    2012-01-01

    Research on social capital routinely relies on survey measures of trust which can be collected in large and heterogeneous samples at low cost. We validate such survey measures in an incentivized public good experiment and show that they are importantly related to cooperation behavior in a large...

  9. Risk capital allocation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Smilgins, Aleksandrs

    Risk capital allocation problems have been widely discussed in the academic literature. We consider a company with multiple subunits having individual portfolios. Hence, when portfolios of subunits are merged, a diversification benefit arises: the risk of the company as a whole is smaller than...

  10. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Wengström, Erik Roland

    We show that the standard trust question routinely used in social capital research is importantly related to cooperation behavior and we provide a microfoundation for this relation. We run a large-scale public goods experiment over the internet in Denmark and find that the trust question is a proxy...

  11. NANNING China's Green Capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Nanning,the capital city of Guangxi province,is not only the political,economic and cultural center of the province,but also plays an important role in the economic development of southwest China.Nanning's advantageous location makes the city a commercial and communication center,opening China to Southeast Asia.

  12. Risk capital allocation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Smilgins, Aleksandrs

    Risk capital allocation problems have been widely discussed in the academic literature. We consider a company with multiple subunits having individual portfolios. Hence, when portfolios of subunits are merged, a diversification benefit arises: the risk of the company as a whole is smaller than...

  13. Capitalizing on Happenstance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krumboltz, John D.

    2011-01-01

    Unplanned events occur every day and have a deep impact on individuals' lives. The happenstance learning theory (Krumboltz, 2009; Krumboltz & Levin, 2010), briefly summarized in this article, provides guidance for employment counselors assisting clients to clarify goals and brainstorm actions to capitalize on chance events.

  14. Towards Transnational Academic Capitalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauppinen, Ilkka

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to current debates on the relationship between globalisation and higher education. The main argument of the paper is that we are currently witnessing transnationalisation of academic capitalism. This argument is illustrated by examining the collaboration between transnational corporations and research universities, and how…

  15. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Wengström, Erik Roland

    We show that the standard trust question routinely used in social capital research is importantly related to cooperation behavior and we provide a microfoundation for this relation. We run a large-scale public goods experiment over the internet in Denmark and find that the trust question is a proxy...

  16. On Representative Social Capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bellemare, C.; Kroger, S.

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes data for a random sample drawn from the Dutch population who reveal their propensity to invest and reward investments in building up social capital by means of an economic experiment.We find substantial heterogeneity and asymmetries in the propensity to invest and in the propensi

  17. Human Capital and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Jacobs

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of sustainability needs to consider the role of all forms of capital—natural, biological, social, technological, financial, cultural—and the complex ways in which they interact. All forms of capital derive their value, utility and application from human mental awareness, creativity and social innovation. This makes human capital, including social capital, the central determinant of resource productivity and sustainability. Humanity has entered the Anthropocene Epoch in which human changes have become the predominant factor in evolution. Humanity is itself evolving from animal physicality to social vitality to mental individuality. This transition has profound bearing on human productive capabilities, adaptability, creativity and values, the organization of economy, public policy, social awareness and life styles that determine sustainability. This article examines the linkages between population, economic development, employment, education, health, social equity, cultural values, energy intensity and sustainability in the context of evolving human consciousness. It concludes that development of human capital is the critical determinant of long-term sustainability and that efforts to accelerate the evolution of human consciousness and emergence of mentally self-conscious individuals will be the most effective approach for ensuring a sustainable future. Education is the primary lever. Human choice matters.

  18. Understanding your capital options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Christopher T

    2012-05-01

    When planning capital expenditures, hospitals and health systems should understand the following financing considerations: Traditional fixed-rate tax-exempt bonds; Variable-rate financing alternatives; Basel III Accord requirements; Direct tax-exempt bank loans; Total return swaps Taxable financings; Interest-rate swaps and collateral requirements

  19. Is capitalism possible?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaay Fortman, B. de

    1998-01-01

    In the two ages of its existence capitalism has given proof of its reformability. It was, however, anti-capitalist blueprints and ideas that constituted a continuous spiritual driving force towards reform. Today, after the collapse of real existing socialism there is an urgent need for new alternati

  20. Capital Structure and Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flor, Christian Riis

    2008-01-01

    post optimally sell the assets or re-optimize the capital structure. Ex ante, more uncertain asset value decreases leverage, but not firm value, and selling the assets becomes less likely. Firms should tend to invest in assets whose value is less correlated to changes in earnings and, in addition...

  1. Social capital and sports clubs

    OpenAIRE

    Tacon, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Book synopsis: \\ud \\ud This volume provides a collection of critical new perspectives on social capital theory by examining how social values, power relationships, and social identity interact with social capital. This book seeks to extend this theory into what have been largely under-investigated domains, and, at the same time, address long-standing, classic questions in the literature concerning the forms, determinants, and consequences of social capital.\\ud \\ud Social capital can be unders...

  2. Capitalism: A System of Conspiracy

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Subhendu

    2010-01-01

    There are some myths about American capitalism. Some of them are (1) Capitalism made America the richest nation, (2) Capitalism is based on self interest, and (3) America has democracy. We show that the survival of capitalism is based on several powerful conspiracy theories. We briefly describe these conspiracies. Our analysis is based on the following principles: (a) Laws of conservation, (b) System theoretic concepts, and (c) The global space time (GST) environment. Using these princip...

  3. MODELLING SOCIAL CAPITAL AND GROWTH

    OpenAIRE

    Chou, Yuan K.

    2002-01-01

    This paper proposes three theoretical growth models incorporating social capital, based on varied expositions on the concept of social capital and the empirical evidence gathered to date. In these models, social capital impacts growth by assisting in the accumulation of human capital, by affecting financial development through its effects on collective trust and social norms, and by facilitating networking between firms that result in the creation and diffusion of business and technological i...

  4. Programa para la detección precoz de la insuficiencia renal crónica en la población de "Gombe", un barrio de Kinshasa, capital de la República Democrática del Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Kiketa Mayivanga, Arlette

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este trabajo din de máster es la detección precoz de la insuficiencia renal crónica en la población de “Gombe”, un barrio en Kinshasa, la capital de la República Democrática del Congo. Los objetivos específicos son: 1. Difundir este programa de detección precoz de la insuficiencia renal crónica en la población de “Gombe” un barrio de Kinshasa a través de los principales medios de comunicación locales y lugares en los que el programa se va a desarrollar. 2. Sensibil...

  5. Chances for the development of manufactures of capital goods. Analysis of the situation and sector evolution; Oportunidades para el desarrollo de los fabricantes de bienes de equipo. Analisis de la situacion y evolucion del sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pelaez Ramos, M. L.

    2012-07-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the situation and development in the capital goods sector in Spain. This industry is not just an important sector in the Spanish economy but, given its structural characteristics (dynamism, influence on the production processes of other activities and presence in all developed countries), it conditions the recovery of our economy. The article includes an analysis of the weaknesses, threats, strengths and opportunities of the sector. Further, it is crucial its contribution to make sustainable development of industrial activity. Also, it deals with those opportunities that are presented for the future development of this industry such as eco-design, energy efficiency and life cycle analysis. (Author)

  6. Juros Sobre o Capital Próprio – Pesquisa Empírica Para Avaliação do Nível de Conhecimento das Empresas Sobre Sua Utilização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariovaldo dos Santos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Os Juros sobre o Capital Próprio (JSCP são uma forma de remuneração dos detentores de capital próprio das empresas que foi criada pela Lei nº. 6.404/76. Posteriormente, a Lei nº 9.249/95 encarregouse de estender a possibilidade de remuneração aos sócios e acionistas, na forma de JSCP, a todas as empresas tributadas pelo lucro real, e criou benefícios fiscais permitindo sua dedutibilidade. A motivação deste trabalho foi definida em função desse entendimento de que o pagamento de remuneração aos detentores de capitais próprios, na forma de JSCP, pode constituir-se em benefício fiscal. Assim, realizou-se uma pesquisa empírica que consistiu na aplicação de questionários junto às companhias que pagaram JSCP, relativos ao exercício social de 2005, com o objetivo de avaliar o entendimento de seus dirigentes sobre essa forma de remuneração. Os resultados indicam que as empresas pesquisadas, em sua maioria, têm utilizado os limites legais de dedutibilidade, compensam os JSCP com dividendos e admitem ter vantagens fiscais com esse procedimento. Assim, as evidências obtidas confirmam que essas empresas têm escolhido essa forma de remuneração motivadas, principalmente, pelas vantagens fiscais que conseguem com tal procedimento. Em outras palavras, a remuneração paga ao acionista na forma de JSCP está calcada, fundamentalmente, nas vantagens fiscais oferecidas pela legislação.

  7. How venture capital works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zider, B

    1998-01-01

    The popular mythology surrounding the U.S. venture-capital industry derives from a previous era. Venture capitalists who nurtured the computer industry in its infancy were legendary both for their risk taking and for their hands-on operating experience. But today things are different, and separating the myths from the realities is crucial to understanding this important piece of the U.S. economy. Today's venture capitalists are more like conservative bankers than the risk takers of days past. They have carved out a specialized niche in the capital markets, filling a void that other institutions cannot serve. They are the linch-pins in an efficient system for meeting the needs of institutional investors looking for high returns, of entrepreneurs seeking funding, and of investment bankers looking for companies to sell. Venture capitalists must earn a consistently superior return on investments in inherently risky businesses. The myth is that they do so by investing in good ideas and good plans. In reality, they invest in good industries--that is, industries that are more competitively forgiving than the market as a whole. And they structure their deals in a way that minimizes their risk and maximizes their returns. Although many entrepreneurs expect venture capitalists to provide them with sage guidance as well as capital, that expectation is unrealistic. Given a typical portfolio of ten companies and a 2,000-hour work year, a venture capital partner spends on average less than two hours per week on any given company. In addition to analyzing the current venture-capital system, the author offers practical advice to entrepreneurs thinking about venture funding.

  8. Working Paper on Social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen Hanan, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This paper outlines the major schools within social capital theory. Contemporary authors such as Coleman, Putnam and Bourdieu are elaborated on. The paper also presents a non-exhaustive review on studies of social capital. Furthermore, a criticial discussion on social capital is reviewed, before...

  9. Bank capital management : International evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jonghe, O.G.; Öztekin, Ö.

    2015-01-01

    We examine the dynamic behavior of bank capital using a global sample of 64 countries during the 1994-2010 period. Banks achieve deleveraging through active capital management (equity growth) rather than asset liquidation. In contrast, they achieve leveraging through passive capital management (redu

  10. Thin Capitalization Rules and Entrepreneurial Capital Structure Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Maßbaum

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tax planners often choose debt over equity financing. As this has led to increased corporate debt financing, many countries have introduced thin capitalization rules to secure their tax revenues. In a general capital structure model we analyze if thin capitalization rules affect dividend and financing decisions, and whether they can partially explain why corporations receive both debt and equity capital. We model the Belgian, German and Italian rules as examples. We find that the so-called Miller equilibrium and definite financing effects depend significantly on the underlying tax system. Further, our results are useful for the treasury to decide what thin capitalization type to implement.

  11. ¿Cómo gestionar un destino turístico emergente y vivir para contarlo? Construcción de una estrategia competitiva a partir de la complejidad territorial de una ciudad capital: el caso de Tuxtla Gutiérrez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Humberto Trujillo

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Ante un incremento de la competencia debido a la aparición de más destinos emergentes en México, una ciudad capital en proceso de metropolización como Tuxtla Gutiérrez, se prepara para iniciar un proceso de desarrollo turístico complejo a partir de la consideración de aspectos territoriales (físicos, sociales y económicos entendidos como producto social, a manera de características esenciales que le diferencian y le puede posicionar como competitivo en función de la capacidad de sus agentes sociales para favorecer y facilitar experiencias turísticas satisfactorias. En este sentido, el presente informe es el resultado preliminar de un ejercicio dialéctico que ha combinado estudios de posgrado en alta gestión de destinos turísticos y la experiencia de dirigir la oficina de turismo durante 18 meses.

  12. Reflexões para uma epistemologia da enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Joaquim Pina Queirós

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Con base en la revisión de la literatura nos proponemos a reflexionar sobre la naturaleza del conocimiento en enfermería dando como resultado una síntesis. Las respuestas humanas se desarrollan en un escenario de incertidumbre, requiriendo la complejidad de los seres humanos y los contextos, además de un marco conceptual sólido para su comprensión. Los principios dialógico, holográfico y recursivo organizacional, son un punto de partida para comprender la acción de facilitación de los procesos de transición de bienestar. Las respuestas a los problemas de la salud y el bienestar, más que por la simple transmisión de conocimientos se estructuran por y para la acción práctica en un movimiento alternativo de la práctica a la teoría y la vuelta a la práctica. La enfermería encuentra el campo epistemológico como una ciencia humana práctica con conocimiento público y privado, en un proceso de translación en que el conocimiento proprio es producido y concretizado en una espiral hermenéutica.

  13. Estrutura de capital, dividendos e juros sobre o capital próprio: testes no Brasil Capital structure, dividends and interests on equity: tests in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano Seikitsi Futema

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available A estrutura de capital e os dividendos são dois dos temas mais estudados em finanças corporativas. Em 2002, Fama e French estudaram esses dois temas simultaneamente dentro do contexto das teorias de tradeoff estática e pecking order. A análise conjunta significa reconhecer que o dividendo afeta a estrutura de capital e vice-versa, o que gera um problema de endogeneidade. Estendendo o estudo de Fama e French e adaptando a análise para a realidade brasileira com a inclusão de mais uma variável dependente, os juros sobre o capital próprio, o objetivo deste artigo é analisar as relações conjuntas da estrutura de capital, dividendos e juros sobre o capital próprio das empresas brasileiras para o período de 1995 a 2004. Em linhas gerais, os resultados confirmam boa parte das previsões das teorias, embora a distribuição de lucros no Brasil ainda seja muito baixa, comparada com a americana. A lucratividade demonstrou ser a variável explicativa de maior peso e influência tanto para a distribuição de lucros como para a alavancagem.Capital structure and dividends have been frequently studied in corporate finance. In 2002, Fama and French simultaneously analyzed these two subjects in the context of tradeoff and pecking order theories. The simultaneous analysis means acknowledging that dividend influences capital structure and vice versa, leading to an endogeneity problem. Extending and adapting Fama and French's study to the Brazilian environment and including yet another dependent variable, i.e. interest on equity, this article aims to analyze the relationship among capital structure, dividends and interest on equity in the context of Brazilian companies. The analysis comprises the period from 1995 to 2004. Results corroborate many of the predictions of tradeoff and pecking order theories, despite the fact that dividend payout in Brazil is low when compared to the United States. Profitability was the most significant variable in

  14. EL CAPITAL INTELECTUAL Y LA GESTIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO / INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marusia Monagas-Docasal

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo expone el análisis de los conceptos de gestión del conocimiento y de capital intelectual, así como la valoración de 12 modelos para la medición del capital intelectual; los cuales, por sus características y conceptos de aplicación, pudieran, de manera total o parcial, emplearse en las condiciones de las empresas hoteleras cubanas. Se identifican insuficiencias en los modelos analizados, que no imposibilitan utilizar los indicadores contenidos en ellos en la medición del capital intelectual en empresas hoteleras. Como resultado, se deciden utilizar los indicadores del modelo Skandia, concentrados en 4 grupos: cliente, recursos humanos, renovación y desarrollo y procesos. De los 85 indicadores de este modelo, los expertos consideran que 23 de ellos resultan de posible aplicación en las empresas hoteleras cubanas.AbstractThe article presents an analysis of the concepts of knowledge management and intellectual capital, as well as the assessment of 12 models for measuring intellectual capital, which could be used, totally or partially, in Cuban hotel companies, due to their characteristics and application concepts. Some inadequacies in the above mentioned models are identified, which do not limit the use of their indicators in measuring intellectual capital in hotel companies. As a result, the decision is to use the indicators of the Skandia model, concentrated into 4 groups: client, human resources, renovation and development, and processes. Out of the 85 indicators of this model, experts consider that 23 can be applied in Cuban hotel companies.

  15. El capital social en la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida en el Trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Requena Santos, Félix

    2004-01-01

    Este artículo señala la multidimensionalidad del concepto de capital social. A pesar de que existen importantes diferencias en el consenso de una definición de capital social, es fundamental buscar indicadores empíricos para su medida. En este trabajo se muestran y se analizan las dimensiones del capital social sobre las que pregunta la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida en el Trabajo que realiza el Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, y se comparan las dimensiones de la definición de capital s...

  16. Capital Requirements and Banks' Leniency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dietrich, J. Kimball; Wihlborg, Clas

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the effect of changes in capital regulation on the strictness(leniency) of loan terms using a simple model of bank capital requirements andasset quality examinations. Banks offer different levels of `leniency' in the senseof willingness to offer automatic extensions of loans...... in the presence of temporarypayment difficulties of borrowers. Banks offering lenient (less strict) loan termsmust have higher initial levels of capital and charge higher loan rates. Whencapital requirements are increased, both strict and lenient banks hold higher levelsof initial capital and they raise loan...... rates. As capital requirements increase thedifference between initial capital levels and between interest rates of strict andlenient banks decrease. Thus, higher capital requirements in recessions tend toreduce the interest rate premium paid for leniency. If a recession is interpreted asan increase...

  17. Leveraging organisational cultural capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Scheel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Organisational culture discourse mandates a linear approach of diagnosis, measurement and gap analysis as standard practice in relation to most culture change initiatives. Therefore, a problem solving framework geared toward “fixing�? and/or realigning an organisation’s culture is usually prescribed. The traditional problem solving model seeks to identify gaps between current and desired organisational cultural states, inhibiting the discovery of an organisation’s unique values and strengths, namely its cultural capital. In pursuit of discovering and leveraging organisational cultural capital, a descriptive case study is used to show how an Appreciative Inquiry process can rejuvenate the spirit of an organisation as a system-wide inquiry mobilises a workforce toward a shared vision.

  18. Managing soil natural capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cong, Ronggang; Termansen, Mette; Brady, Mark

    2017-01-01

    Farmers are exposed to substantial weather and market related risks. Rational farmers seek to avoid large losses. Future climate change and energy price fluctuations therefore make adaptating to increased risks particularly important for them. Managing soil natural capital—the capacity of the soil...... to generate ecosystem services of benefit to farmers—has been proven to generate the double dividend: increasing farm profit and reducing associated risk. In this paper we explore whether managing soil natural capital has a third dividend: reducing the downside risk (increasing the positive skewness of profit......). This we refer to as the prudence effect which can be viewed as an adaptation strategy for dealing with future uncertainties through more prudent management of soil natural capital. We do this by developing a dynamic stochastic portfolio model to optimize the stock of soil natural capital—as indicated...

  19. Start-Up Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Verheul, Ingrid; Thurik, Roy

    2000-01-01

    textabstractFemale and male entrepreneurs differ in the way they finance their businesses. This can be attributed to the type of business and the type of management and experience (indirect effect). Female start-ups may also experience other barriers based upon discriminatory effects (direct effect). Whether gender has an impact on size and composition of start-up capital, is the subject of the present paper. To test for these direct and indirect effects data of 2000 Dutch starting entreprene...

  20. Flujos migratorios y movilidad del capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardí Cabrer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se estiman los flujos migratorios de capital humano entre las regiones españolas a partir de un conjunto de hipótesis. Los resultados indican un aumento de la intensidad de los flujos brutos de migrantes con niveles de instrucción de 2° y 3er grado. Se constata que en España existen tres polos de atracción y emisión de capital humano centrados en Madrid, País Vasco y Cataluña, y actuando de forma independiente. Asimismo, se obtiene un grado de adecuación apreciable entre el nivel educativo de los inmigrantes y los requerimientos de cualificación de la mano de obra de cada región. Sin embargo, se obtiene que los años medios de estudio de la población potencialmente activa han aumentado frente a la estabilidad de los de la población migrante, por lo que no cabe señalar la inmigración como un factor relevante para reducir las disparidades interregionales en capital humano.

  1. Descubrimiento de oportunidades empresariales: capital humano, capital social y género

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria González-Álvarez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar cuáles son los factores que influyen sobre la segunda de las etapas del proceso de creación empresarial establecidas por Shane y Venkataraman (2000, es decir, sobre el descubrimiento de oportunidades de creación empresarial. Para ello, por un lado, se analiza la influencia que pudiera tener sobre esta etapa tanto el capital humano como el capital social. Por otra parte, también se pretende analizar la existencia de diferencias de género en el descubrimiento de oportunidades empresariales. Para ello, se utiliza una muestra de 28.888 individuos provenientes del Proyecto Gem (2009, que permite concluir que los individuos que poseen un mayor stock de capital humano, así como aquellos que están inmersos en amplias redes sociales, descubrirán más oportunidades de creación empresarial. asimismo, este trabajo muestra que existen diferencias de género en cuanto al descubrimiento de oportunidades de creación empresarial.

  2. Multicriteria Estimated Cost of Equity Capital Estimación multicriterio del costo de capital patrimonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Gutiérrez Betancur

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The estimation of the cost of equity capital is a key input to the capital budgeting  process when the firm uses internal financing. Financial analyst and managers usually utilize the CAPM to estimate the cost of equity which requires both measurement of  the market risk premium and estimation of beta. For publicly traded firms, calculating the cost of equity is entirely based on information from the financial markets. Non traded firms and small businesses do not have sufficient market based information. This article proposes a multicriteria model to determine the cost of equity for non traded firms. The Analytic Hierarchy Process developed by Thomas Saaty is the proposed methodology for deriving relative priorities of tangible and intangible corporate risk factors. The model requires business managers to identify the relevant information sources for the required input data. The inconsistencies checking mechanism within the AHP model allows management to identify inconsistencies, to revise prior judgments and to synthesize coherently.ResumenLa estimación del costo del capital propio es un elemento clave en el proceso de presupuestación de capital. Analistas y gerentes financieros utilizan el CAPM para estimar el costo del patrimonio, el cual requiere tanto la medición de la prima de riesgo del mercado como la estimación de beta. En el caso de compañías públicamente cotizadas y bursátiles, el cálculo del costo del patrimonio se basa totalmente en la información disponible en los mercados financieros. Las firmas no transadas en bolsa no cuentan con suficiente información de mercado que permita construir un comparable exactamente válido. Este artículo propone un modelo multicriterio para determinar el costo del capital propio de compañías no transadas en bolsa. El Proceso Analítico de Jerarquías desarrollado por Thomas Saaty soporta la metodología propuesta para derivar prioridades relativas de factores de riesgo corporativos

  3. Seeding Social Capital? Urban Community Gardening and Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    There is a continuing debate regarding urban community gardening’s benefits to local communities, and a particularly interesting branch of this debate has focused on community gardens capacity to encourage and facilitate social interaction, which may generate social capital. Social capital...... is an increasingly important concept in international research and measures of social capital have been associated with various measures of health. In a meta-analysis of literature published between 2000 and 2016 regarding community gardens’ social advantages, through the lens of the concept of social capital......, it is demonstrated that several studies substantiate that urban community gardens create social capital, both bonding and bridging, and exhibit indications of linking. It is moreover identified how there is much to be learned from future research, illuminating how urban community gardens can foster social capital...

  4. Academic Words and Academic Capitalism Academic Words and Academic Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Billig

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artículo sugiere que esta época es la mejor y peor para la labor académica. La mejor en cuanto hay más publicaciones académicas que nunca. Y la peor porque sobra mucho de estas publicaciones. Trabajando en las condiciones competitivas del capitalismo académico, los académicos se sienten en la necesidad de continuar publicando, independientemente de que tengan algo que decir. Las presiones de publicar continuamente y promover la propia perspectiva se reflejan en la manera en la que los científicos sociales están escribiendo. Y es que los académicos utilizan un lenguaje técnico basado en sustantivos, con una precisión menor a la del lenguaje ordinario. Los estudiantes de postgrado han sido educados en esta manera de escribir como una condición previa a iniciarse en las ciencias sociales. Así, la naturaleza misma del capitalismo académico no sólo determina las condiciones en las que los académicos trabajan, sino que también afecta su manera de escribir.


    This paper suggests that it is the best and worst of times for academic work. It is the best of times because there are more academics publishing than ever before. It is the worst of times because there is much unnecessary publication. Working in the competitive conditions of academic capitalism, academics feel impelled to keep publishing, whether or not they have anything to say. The pressures to publish continually and to promote one’s own approach are reflected in the way that social scientists are writing. Academics use a noun-based technical language, which is less precise than ordinary language. Postgraduates are taught this way of writing as a precondition for entering the social sciences. In this way, the nature of academic capitalism not only determines the conditions under which academics are working but it affects the way that they are writing.

  5. Strategic Complementarities Between Innovation and Human Capital. The Neglected Role of Human Capital Demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora Amélia Castro Teixeira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the conditions under which the demand for human capital is as (or more important than the simple availability of educated or skilled human resources. The perspective taken is that it is the conscious and intentional attitude of firms, dependent, to a large extent, on respective strategies, that determines the demand for human capital, thereby conditioning the role of the latter in their performance. The automatic and linear character that many studies within the mainstream human capital theory assume is rejected here. Results, based on an in-depth study of fourteen Portuguese textile firms, reveal the "congruence" between firms behaviour towards human capital accumulation, characteristics of productive process and markets, and the omnipresent "fission" risk. New hirings of top skilled and educated individuals are seen as small contributors to firms (current innovation capabilities. In contrast, existing top skilled and educated individuals are regarded as critical in this context.Este estudo analisa as condições em que a procura por capital humano é tão (ou mais importante do que a simples disponibilidade de recursos humanos qualificados. É tomada a perspectiva de que é a atitude consciente e intencional das empresas, a qual depende em grande medida das suas estratégias, que determina a procura por capital humano, condicionando o seu desempenho econômico. Rejeita-se aqui o caráter automático e linear presente na maioria dos estudos associados à teoria do capital humano. Os resultados, baseados num estudo detalhado de 14 empresas têxteis portuguesas, revelam a “congruência” entre o comportamento destas relativamente à acumulação de capital humano, as características dos seus processos produtivos e mercados e a onipresença do risco de “cisão”. As novas contratações de indivíduos altamente qualificados são vistas como contribuindo pouco para as competências de inovação correntes das empresas. Em

  6. América Latina, pentecostalismo e capitalismo periférico: aproximações teóricas para além do culturalismo: Latin America, pentecostalism and peripheral capitalism: a theoretical approach beyond culturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arenari, Brand

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, procuro mapear o desenvolvimento da análise sobre religião, e mais especificamente, sobre o pentecostalismo. Com este objetivo, pretendo analisar, sobretudo, os caminhos teóricos que buscam entender a nova onda de expansão religiosa dos últimos quarenta anos. Após a apresentação do modelo analítico e teórico sobre religião e pentecostalismo no século XX, situo minhas principais pretensões teóricas em relação aos estudos tradicionais sobre pentecostalismo e religião. Desse modo esforço-me para demonstrar como a visão sociológica dominante sobre religião atualmente, e, consequentemente, sobre o pentecostalismo, está relacionada com a mudança paradigmática que podemos chamar de culturalismo, a qual se iniciou, mais claramente, nos anos 80. Essa mudança negligenciou as causas “materiais” do desenvolvimento da religião, distanciando-se das explicações funcionalistas para valorizar aspectos “imaterias” da cultura

  7. On the capitalization and cultivation of social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Bourdieu's (1986) seminal definition of social capital as "the aggregate of the actual or potential resources" is reflected in older definitions, as well as in many current within sociology (e.g. Portes, 2000) and organization (Adler & Kwon, 2002). The definition is interesting, because it directs...... a dual focus on social capital as both immediately and potentially productive resources, i.e. assets that can be immediately capitalized by individuals as well as ‘cultivated' for future use. We argue that to further operationalize this concept we must distinguish between actual/potential social capital...

  8. Chilean Unremunerated Reserve Requirement Capital Controls as a Screening Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas I. Palley

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta un modelo sobre los “speed bump” (topes a los controles de capital de tipo chileno, que los interpreta como un mecanismo para identificar a los inversores volátiles. Esta interpretación es contrastada con la explicación basada en las finanzas poeblicas, cuyo punto de vista muestra a los topes como un impuesto sobre ingresos de capital a corto plazo que incrementan su precio relativo. Un resultado sorprendente es que aun cuando los topes incrementan el costo del capital, ellos pueden realmente incrementar los ingresos de capital. Estos ingresos crecientes son más estables porque provienen de los inversionistas pacientes. La lección es que discriminar a los inversores volátiles estabiliza el ambiente financiero. Los topes benefician tanto a las empresas como a los inversionistas pacientes al reducir el daño que podría provenir de salidas repentinas de capital, lo cual aumenta la demanda y la oferta de capital.

  9. Social Capital in Rural Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, G.L.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    What are the roots of social capital and how can it be measured and built? Social capital is considered as a new production factor which must be added to the conventional concepts of human and physical capital. Social capital is productive because it increases the level of trust in a society...... and allows more transactions to take place without third-party enforcement. Theory and lessons from empirical evidence lead to the general recommendation that any loss in social capital must be deducted from the economic gain following market forces. For example, the voluntary organization of small......-sized groups in the Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement was eliminated due to economies of scale. It may be so that an alternative way of production, taking social capital into account, could have increased economic growth further....

  10. Social capital and psychological distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Lijun

    2011-12-01

    The author proposes a conceptual model to explain the diverse roles of social capital--resources embedded in social networks--in the social production of health. Using a unique national U.S. sample, the author estimated a path analysis model to examine the direct and indirect effects of social capital on psychological distress and its intervening effects on the relationships between other structural antecedents and psychological distress. The results show that social capital is inversely associated with psychological distress, and part of that effect is indirect through subjective social status. Social capital also acts as an intervening mechanism to link seven social factors (age, gender, race-ethnicity, education, occupational prestige, annual family income, and voluntary participation) with psychological distress. This study develops the theory of social capital as network resources and demonstrates the complex functions of social capital as a distinct social determinant of health.

  11. Re-Thinking Social Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatko Bukač

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of social capital has been used very often in sociological researches over the last two decades. Measuring social capital in civil society, neighborhoods and educational systems is merely a part of its popular usage. Many sociologists tend to use the concept of social capital very freely and therefore expand the definition of social capital. The author’s personal experience indicates that there have been a great number of academic discussions, research planning and public speeches implementing the notion of social capital without taking a detailed consideration of what that concept truly entails. By overviewing the available literature on social capital, it is actually no wonder that both sociologists and the noted concept were in this confusing situation. As Field stated in his book Social Capital (Key Ideas, published in 2008, his work was “the first attempt to provide an extended introduction on increasingly influential concept of social capital” (Field 1. Quibria notes that even though there is a vast number of research conducted on social capital in many academic fields and with various approaches ‘the concept of social capital remains largely elusive’’(1. That obviously is not an obstacle because there is a constantly growing interest in social capital. A vast body of research concerning, measuring, and defining social capital is available today, which helps a researcher to analyze and compare all of the perspectives concerning social capital. This can be of great importance when researchers approach a somewhat new subject of research such as online communication and, more specifically, online games.

  12. Córdoba ¿capital nacional de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación o paraíso fiscal y de mano de obra calificada barata?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Berti

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El discurso del gobierno de la provincia de Córdoba apuesta a una ciudad de las tecnologías. El modelo elegido privilegia el lugar de las empresas de software y los call centers, especialmente aquellos liderados por capitales extranjeros. A los fines de presentar algunos interrogantes sobre las políticas de promoción industrial, se tomarán como punto de partida los recientes anuncios del desembarco de Intel en Córdoba y se analizarán los beneficios ofrecidos por el gobierno. Además se indagará acerca de las ventajas y desventajas de favorecer la localización de estas empresas, y se ampliará el campo de estudio para incluir las empresas de capitales locales que participan en estas ramas productivas. De esta forma se busca iniciar un debate y reflexionar acerca del impacto del modelo adoptado por el gobierno provincial.

  13. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Wengström, Erik Roland

    We show that the standard trust question routinely used in social capital research is importantly related to cooperation behavior and we provide a microfoundation for this relation. We run a large-scale public goods experiment over the internet in Denmark and find that the trust question is a proxy...... for cooperation preferences rather than beliefs about others' cooperation. To disentangle the preference and belief channels, we run a (standard) public goods game in which beliefs matter for cooperation choices and one (using the strategy method) in which they do not matter. We show that the "fairness question...

  14. Human capital strategy: talent management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nagra, Michael

    2011-01-01

    .... This article elaborates the human capital management strategy within the Army Nurse Corps, which identifies, develops, and implements key talent management strategies under the umbrella of the Corps...

  15. Taxes and Venture Capital Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keuschnigg, Christian; Nielsen, Søren Bo

    2003-01-01

    -set may paradoxically contribute to higher quality of venturecapital finance and welfare. Subsidies to physical investment in VC-backed startupsare detrimental in our framework.Keywords: Venture capital, capital gains taxation, double moral hazard.JEL-Classification: D82, G24, H24, H25......'s success, but is not verifiable. Asa result, the market equilibrium is biased towards inefficiently low venture capitalsupport. The capital gains tax becomes especially harmful, as it further impairsadvice and causes a first-order welfare loss. Once the capital gains tax is in place,limitations on loss off...

  16. El perfil del emprendedor que apoyan los fondos de capital privado/capital emprendedor en México

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto J. Santillán Salgado; Eduardo Gaona Domínguez; Norma A. Hernández Perales

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo presenta un análisis estadístico de las características de los emprendedores apoyados por Fondos de Capital Privado/Capital Emprendedor (FCP’s) en México, y para ello utiliza la información obtenida a través de una encuesta nacional respondida por los últimos. La contribución de este trabajo consiste en utilizar la técnica de Análisis de Conglo - merados sobre los constructos teóricos identificados en la literatura como elementos del Perfil del Emprendedor y medidos por la e...

  17. Evaluación del FOMIN: Desarrollo del capital de riesgo Title: MIF Evaluation: Development of Venture Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID); Inter-American Development Bank

    2003-01-01

    El objetivo de este informe (MIF/GN-78-11) consiste en presentar los resultados de la evaluación de la iniciativa adoptada por el FOMIN de prestar apoyo al desarrollo del capital de riesgo en la región. La presente evaluación tomó como punto de partida la experiencia internacional en cuanto al desarrollo de la pequeña y mediana empresa/capital de riesgo y a los beneficios que este dinámico sector puede aportar para la economía en general. El presente informe puso de manifiesto que el proceso ...

  18. From Information Capitalism to Information Socialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaoFeng

    2005-01-01

    Information technology and information capital are both neutral in character and can serve socialism as well as capitalism. As Karst pointed out, the information society is culturally and institutionally diverse. If in their transformation into social morphology information technology and capital may both end in socialism as well as capitalism, then what is the essential distinction between information capitalism and information socialism?

  19. Human capital and optimal positive taxation of capital income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear and non-linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heterogenous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also

  20. Culture as Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    A collection of essays 2011-2014 By following, and reproducing, the cultural turn, the rhetoric of cultural mix and hybridism is disseminated today primarily in its crossing of trade barriers. Cultures reduced to their exchange value function as capital - an accumulative, speculative and, ultimat......A collection of essays 2011-2014 By following, and reproducing, the cultural turn, the rhetoric of cultural mix and hybridism is disseminated today primarily in its crossing of trade barriers. Cultures reduced to their exchange value function as capital - an accumulative, speculative and......, ultimately, financial affair. In some of its media and site-(un)specific manifestations, process art - which aims to encompass both old and new media art - seems to resist this pressure, despite, nonetheless, not being protected from regulations and incorporations. In the present collection of his recent...... essays, Slavko Kacunko discusses the process art by crossing the disciplines of art history and comparative media-, visual- and -cultural studies. As a first approximation, several historiographical remarks on closed-circuit video installations underline their importance as a core category of process art...

  1. 12 CFR 565.4 - Capital measures and capital category definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital measures and capital category... PROMPT CORRECTIVE ACTION § 565.4 Capital measures and capital category definitions. (a) Capital measures. For purposes of section 38 and this part, the relevant capital measures shall be: (1) The total...

  2. 12 CFR 325.103 - Capital measures and capital category definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital measures and capital category... STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY CAPITAL MAINTENANCE Prompt Corrective Action § 325.103 Capital measures and capital category definitions. (a) Capital measures. For purposes of section 38 and this subpart,...

  3. Governo eletrônico e capital intelectual nas organizações públicas Electronic government and human capital in public organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antonio Joia

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo mostra a variação de capital intelectual em organizações públicas envolvidas em empreendimentos government-to-government (G2G. Para tanto, um frame heurístico foi desenvolvido a fim de avaliar o impacto de projetos G2G nos componentes do capital intelectual de agências públicas, isto é, em seus capitais humano, organizacional, de relacionamento e de inovação. Aplicando-se esse frame heurístico a 30 empreendimentos G2G no Brasil, ligando o Banco Central com os tribunais de justiça, detectou-se um impacto positivo no capital intelectual das organizações envolvidas nesses empreendimentos. Além disso, verificou-se que tais empreendimentos G2G influenciaram os componentes do capital intelectual de forma homogênea. A partir daí, o frame foi validado por meio de uma elevada e positiva correlação entre a variação do capital intelectual nas organizações públicas e a percepção de valor dos funcionários envolvidos nesses mesmos empreendimentos. Finalmente, adicionalmente às limitações da pesquisa, algumas conclusões são apresentadas a gestores públicos, practitioners e acadêmicos, para que seja entendido o potencial de uso da teoria do capital intelectual para avaliação de iniciativas de governo eletrônicoThis article shows the intellectual capital variation in public organizations involved in government-to-government (G2G enterprises. A heuristic frame was developed to measure the impact of G2G projects on the intellectual capital components of public agencies, i.e., on their human, organizational, relational and innovative capitals. This heuristic frame was applied to 30 G2G enterprises in Brazil connecting the Central Bank to the courts of justice and revealed a positive impact on the intellectual capital of the organizations involved. Furthermore, these G2G enterprises influenced the intellectual capital components uniformly. Then the frame was validated by means of a high and positive correlation

  4. San Diego's Capital Planning Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lytton, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This article describes San Diego's capital planning process. As part of its capital planning process, the San Diego Unified School District has developed a systematic analysis of functional quality at each of its school sites. The advantage of this approach is that it seeks to develop and apply quantifiable metrics and standards for the more…

  5. Capital flight and political risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lensink, R; Hermes, N; Murinde, [No Value

    This paper provides the first serious attempt to examine the relationship between political risk and capital flight for a large set of developing countries. The outcomes of the analysis show that in most cases political risk variables do have a statistically robust relationship to capital flight

  6. Social Capital and Stability Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-26

    lowers drug use, criminality, and teenage pregnancies , while increasing youth academic success, economic development, and government effectiveness.49...addition to skills and knowledge , human capital also includes people’s ability to associate with each other. He defined social capital as the ability

  7. Exploring the social capital grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Patulny, Roger

    2007-01-01

    catch-all social capital concept, rather than classifying it according to the bonding/bridging distinction. Furthermore, most studies make little distinction on the basis of methodology, between qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigating social capital. These omissions need to be addressed....

  8. Avascular Necrosis of the Capitate

    OpenAIRE

    Bekele, Wosen; Escobedo, Eva; Allen, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Avascular necrosis of the capitate is a rare entity. The most common reported etiology is trauma. We report a case of avascular necrosis of the capitate in a patient with chronic wrist pain that began after a single episode of remote trauma.

  9. Schools, Social Capital and Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, Julie; Catts, Ralph

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the significance of social capital in relation to education, exploring its relevance to teachers and other professionals as well as among young people. It draws on aspects of five case studies undertaken by the Schools and Social Capital Network, within the Applied Educational Research Scheme in Scotland. These case studies…

  10. Venture Capital and Innovation Strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Da Rin, M.; Penas, M.F.

    2015-01-01

    Venture capital is a specialized form of financial intermediation that often provides funding for costly technological innovation. Venture capital firms need to exit portfolio companies within about five years from the investment to generate returns for institutional investors. This paper is the

  11. Venture Capital and Innovation Strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Da Rin, M.; Penas, M.F.

    2015-01-01

    Venture capital is a specialized form of financial intermediation that often provides funding for costly technological innovation. Venture capital firms need to exit portfolio companies within about five years from the investment to generate returns for institutional investors. This paper is the fir

  12. Universities Venture into Venture Capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desruisseaux, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Reports that some universities are starting their own venture-capital funds to develop campus companies, or are investing endowment funds with established venture-capital firms inclined to finance potential spinoffs from campus research. Examples cited are from the University of Alabama, Vanderbilt University (Tennessee), University of…

  13. A Capital Adequacy Buffer Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.E. Allen (David); M.J. McAleer (Michael); R.J. Powell (Robert); A.K. Singh (Abhay)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ In this paper, we develop a new capital adequacy buffer model (CABM) which is sensitive to dynamic economic circumstances. The model, which measures additional bank capital required to compensate for fluctuating credit risk, is a novel combination of the Merton

  14. A Capital Adequacy Buffer Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.E. Allen (David); M.J. McAleer (Michael); R.J. Powell (Robert); A.K. Singh (Abhay)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ In this paper, we develop a new capital adequacy buffer model (CABM) which is sensitive to dynamic economic circumstances. The model, which measures additional bank capital required to compensate for fluctuating credit risk, is a novel combination of the Merton structur

  15. Schools, Social Capital and Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, Julie; Catts, Ralph

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the significance of social capital in relation to education, exploring its relevance to teachers and other professionals as well as among young people. It draws on aspects of five case studies undertaken by the Schools and Social Capital Network, within the Applied Educational Research Scheme in Scotland. These case studies…

  16. Innovation and venture capital exits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schwienbacher, A.

    2008-01-01

    This article analyses how start-ups financed by venture capital choose their innovation strategy based on the investor's exit preferences and thereby form different outcomes in the product market. It considers innovation choices and venture capital exits (IPO vs trade sale) in a setting in which ent

  17. Social Capital and Savings Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn; Khai, Luu Duc

    In this paper, we analyze household savings in rural Vietnam paying particular attention to the factors that determine the proportion of savings held as formal deposits. Our aim is to explore the extent to which social capital can play a role in promoting formal savings behavior. Social capital...

  18. Patterns of International Capital Raisings

    OpenAIRE

    Gozzi, Juan Carlos; Levine, Ross; Schmukler, Sergio L.

    2008-01-01

    This paper documents several new patterns associated with firms issuing securities in foreign markets that motivate the need for and help guide future research. Besides noting that these international capital raisings grew almost four-fold from 1991 to 2005, accounting for 35 percent of all capital raised through security issuances, the paper has three main findings. First, a large and gro...

  19. Capital flight and political risk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lensink, R; Hermes, N; Murinde, [No Value

    2000-01-01

    This paper provides the first serious attempt to examine the relationship between political risk and capital flight for a large set of developing countries. The outcomes of the analysis show that in most cases political risk variables do have a statistically robust relationship to capital flight onc

  20. Capital loss in China's agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Peng

    2004-01-01

    China's agriculture has contributed a lot to industrialization but it has suffered a long-run and severe capital loss.This paper provides an estimation model of capital loss in agriculture and gives some explanation in marginal approach.With an eye to a balanced and sustainable economy development, it is high time for government to do something for it.

  1. Business model and Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe

    2012-01-01

    When practicing business model (BM) innovation releasing intellectual capital (IC) strategically from SME´s BMs through the innovation process can be extremely difficult and complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities and resources...... in SME´s Intellectual Capital – but how to release them?...

  2. Cultural capital as a measurand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taymanov, R.; Sapozhnikova, K.

    2016-11-01

    The necessity for developing metrology due to extension of its application sphere is noted. The efficiency of the metrological approach to measurement of multidimensional quantities in the field of humanities is shown using the development of cultural capital interpreted by L. Harrison. The cultural capital is defined as a measure of the society structure complexity and adaptive capacity.

  3. The Performance of Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murthy, Vijaya; Mouritsen, Jan

    2011-01-01

    interviews. This allows the development of a nuanced account of the performance of intellectual capital. This account questions the universality of the linear model typically found in statistical studies. The model makes it possible to show how items of intellectual capital not only interact but also compete...

  4. Performance systems and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Grane Mikael Gregaard; Edwards, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    from a study on implementation of a performance system in Danish construction. The results show causalities between implementing the performance system and the emergence of social capital in construction projects. Results indicate that performance systems and social capital is not mutually exclusive...

  5. Exploring the social capital grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Patulny, Roger

    2007-01-01

    catch-all social capital concept, rather than classifying it according to the bonding/bridging distinction. Furthermore, most studies make little distinction on the basis of methodology, between qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigating social capital. These omissions need to be addressed....

  6. Sand in the Wheels of Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bersem, Mario; Perotti, Enrico; von Thadden, Ernst-Ludwig

    We present a positive theory of capital market frictions that raise the cost of capital for new firms and lower the cost of capital for incumbent firms. Capital market frictions arise from a political conflict across voters who differ in two dimensions: (i) a fraction of voters owns capital......, the rest receives only lab or income; and (ii) voters have different vintages of human capital. We identify young workers as the decisive voter group, with preferences in between capitalists who favor a free capital market, and old workers, who favor restricted capital mobility. We show that capital market...... frictions do not naturally arise in a static framework, or even in a dynamic framework if capital market frictions are reversible. But if capital market frictions can be made to p ersist over time, we show that young workers favor capital market frictions as a way to smo oth income, especially if wealth...

  7. Human capital strategy: talent management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagra, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Large organizations, including the US Army Medical Department and the Army Nurse Corps, are people-based organizations. Consequently, effective and efficient management of the human capital within these organizations is a strategic goal for the leadership. Over time, the Department of Defense has used many different systems and strategies to manage people throughout their service life-cycle. The current system in use is called Human Capital Management. In the near future, the Army's human capital will be managed based on skills, knowledge, and behaviors through various measurement tools. This article elaborates the human capital management strategy within the Army Nurse Corps, which identifies, develops, and implements key talent management strategies under the umbrella of the Corps' human capital goals. The talent management strategy solutions are aligned under the Nurse Corps business strategy captured by the 2008 Army Nurse Corps Campaign Plan, and are implemented within the context of the culture and core values of the organization.

  8. Social capital and localised learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark

    2007-01-01

      This conceptual paper analyses why social capital is important for learning and economic development, how it is created and its geography. It argues that with the rise of globalisation and learning-based competition, social capital is becoming valuable because it organises markets, lowering...... business firms' costs of co-ordinating and allowing them flexibly to connect and reconnect. The paper defines social capital as a matrix of various social relations, combined with particular normative and cognitive social institutions that facilitate co-operation and reciprocity, and suggests that social...... capital is formed at spatial scales lower than the national or international, because the density of matrices of social relations increases with proximity. The paper also offers a discussion of how national and regional policies may be suited for promoting social capital....

  9. Individual social capital and survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlskov, Linda; Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark; Overgaard, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    Background The concept of social capital has received increasing attention as a determinant of population survival, but its significance is uncertain. We examined the importance of social capital on survival in a population study while focusing on gender differences. Methods We used data from...... a Danish regional health survey with a five-year follow-up period, 2007?2012 (n=9288, 53.5% men, 46.5% women). We investigated the association between social capital and all-cause mortality, performing separate analyses on a composite measure as well as four specific dimensions of social capital while...... controlling for covariates. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard models by which hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Results For women, higher levels of social capital were associated with lower all-cause mortality regardless of age, socioeconomic status, health...

  10. Measuring social capital: further insights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrillo Álvarez, Elena; Riera Romaní, Jordi

    Social capital is defined as the resources available to individuals and groups through membership in social networks. However, multiple definitions, distinct dimensions and subtypes of social capital have been used to investigate and theorise about its relationship to health on different scales, creating a confusing picture. This heterogeneity makes it necessary to systematise social capital measures in order to build a stronger foundation in terms of how these associations between the different aspects of social capital and each specific health indicator develop. We aim to provide an overview of the measurement approaches used to measure social capital in its different dimensions and scales, as well as the mechanisms through which it is presumed to influence health. Understanding the mechanisms through which these relationships develop may help to refine the existing measures or to identify new, more appropriate ones. Copyright © 2016 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. Culture as Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    A collection of essays 2011-2014 By following, and reproducing, the cultural turn, the rhetoric of cultural mix and hybridism is disseminated today primarily in its crossing of trade barriers. Cultures reduced to their exchange value function as capital - an accumulative, speculative and...... essays, Slavko Kacunko discusses the process art by crossing the disciplines of art history and comparative media-, visual- and -cultural studies. As a first approximation, several historiographical remarks on closed-circuit video installations underline their importance as a core category of process art....... In the second part, the problems of process art, seen as a threshold of art history, are further examined in another retroanalytical step, in which concepts and objects related to `mirror', `frame' and `immediacy' are analyzed as the triple delimitation of visual culture studies. In the third part, previously...

  12. Culture as Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    A collection of essays 2011-2014 By following, and reproducing, the cultural turn, the rhetoric of cultural mix and hybridism is disseminated today primarily in its crossing of trade barriers. Cultures reduced to their exchange value function as capital - an accumulative, speculative and...... essays, Slavko Kacunko discusses the process art by crossing the disciplines of art history and comparative media-, visual- and -cultural studies. As a first approximation, several historiographical remarks on closed-circuit video installations underline their importance as a core category of process art....... In the second part, the problems of process art, seen as a threshold of art history, are further examined in another retroanalytical step, in which concepts and objects related to `mirror', `frame' and `immediacy' are analyzed as the triple delimitation of visual culture studies. In the third part, previously...

  13. Para-Sermayenin Yeniden Yapılandırılması : Türk Özel Bankacılık Sektörü Örneği = The Restructuring of Money Capital with Special Reference to Turkish Banking System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin Çiğdem KÖNE

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to study money capital and banks which are one of the crucial institutions of money capital in context with social circulations of capital and the restructuring of the banks during globalization process. The framework of restructuring of banks during capitalist capital accumulation process has been explicated after expressing the relation between money capital and real capital. Consequently, in the last section, Turkish banking system in the period after 1980 has been analysed. Afterwards the number and the distribution of banks are studied with the purpose of explaining the transformation in this sector. Additionally the development of concentration trends during the same period are examined by means of general concentration rate and the effects of the crisis are put forward in this way.

  14. National Capital Planning Commission Meeting Transcripts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Capital Planning Commission — Transcripts of the monthly (with the exception of August) National Capital Planning Commission meeting transcripts are provided for research to confirm actions taken...

  15. FLUXOS DE CAPITAL NO BRASIL PÃS-PLANO REAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horst Dieter Möller

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho focaliza os fluxos de capital no Brasil pós-Plano Real sob os problemas da globalização financeira para mercados emergentes. A volatilidade dos fluxos de capital no Brasil sob crises cambiais e bancárias em mercados emergentes, começando com a crise mexicana em 1994/95, é analisada sob as perspectivas de ocorrências de reversões expressivas em tempos de crise e da influência das reversões sobre a eclosão das crises no Brasil. A análise econométrica mostra que a volatilidade dos fluxos de capital é diferente em seus segmentos, maior no segmento dos outros investimentos e nos investimentos em carteira do que nos investimentos diretos. Houve também reversões significativas em todos os segmentos em conseqüência das crises. Nesse sentido, os fluxos de capital trazem, em geral, benefícios para a economia nacional, mas podem também piorar expressivamente a situação econômica do país em tempos de crise.

  16. FLUXOS DE CAPITAL NO BRASIL PÓS-PLANO REAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horst Dieter Möller

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho focaliza os fluxos de capital no Brasil pós-Plano Real sob os problemas da globalização financeira para mercados emergentes. A volatilidade dos fluxos de capital no Brasil sob crises cambiais e bancárias em mercados emergentes, começando com a crise mexicana em 1994/95, é analisada sob as perspectivas de ocorrências de reversões expressivas em tempos de crise e da influência das reversões sobre a eclosão das crises no Brasil. A análise econométrica mostra que a volatilidade dos fluxos de capital é diferente em seus segmentos, maior no segmento dos outros investimentos e nos investimentos em carteira do que nos investimentos diretos. Houve também reversões significativas em todos os segmentos em conseqüência das crises. Nesse sentido, os fluxos de capital trazem, em geral, benefícios para a economia nacional, mas podem também piorar expressivamente a situação econômica do país em tempos de crise.

  17. 78 FR 76973 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... #0; Federal Register #0; #0; #0;This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents #0..., and 225 Regulations H, Q, and Y RIN 7100-AD 87 Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital... Approach for Risk-Weighted Assets, Market Discipline and Disclosure Requirements, Advanced Approaches...

  18. El capital social en el futuro de la Universidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. del Consuelo Chapela

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de un análisis de los conceptos de los autores más connotados en el campo del capital social, este trabajo presenta dos maneras de entender este concepto e identifica algunas características de la universidad pública que la convierten en este tipo de capital para las naciones. Se argumenta que las definiciones operativas de “capital social” son una forma de homogeneizar y reducir la riqueza cultural de los grupos sociales que atenta contra sus posibilidades de resistencia y autonomía y se aplica esta argumentación al caso específico de la universidad pública. Asimismo, se discute acerca de la adopción de contenidos y prácticas de las agendas internacionales, por parte de la universidad pública, que ha resultado en una modificación importante de su capital social. Finalmente, se anotan tres posibles escenarios a futuro en donde el capital social universitario adquiere dimensiones y características diferentes

  19. Capital de relacionamento e objetivos estratégicos: análise de um periódico de enfermagem La contribución de una publicación científica para la integración de enfermeros y la fundamentación de acciones profesionales The contribution of a scientific journal to nursing integration and the foundation of professional actions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ida Mara Brunelli da Silveira

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo descritivo sobre a contribuição da Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem para a integração de enfermeiros do Brasil e da América Latina e para a fundamentação de suas ações profissionais. A metodologia está alicerçada no modelo de gestão do conhecimento denominado "Capitais do Conhecimento", desenvolvido pelo CRIE, com foco voltado para o Capital de Relacionamento - assinantes. As informações foram obtidas no banco de assinantes da Revista e através de questionário eletrônico enviado aos 550 assinantes categorizados como "pessoa física" e portadores de endereço eletrônico obtendo-se resposta de 122. Verificou-se que a penetração da Revista é iniciante na América Latina e satisfatória no Brasil. A contribuição da Revista para a fundamentação das ações profissionais do enfermeiro foi confirmada pelos respondentes.Este estudio trata de la contribución de la Revista Latinoamericana de Enfermería a la integración de enfermeros de Brasil y América Latina y a la fundamentación de sus acciones profesionales. La metodología está basada en el modelo de gestión del conocimiento denominado "Capitales del Conocimiento", desarrollado por el CRIE (Centro de Referencia en Inteligencia Empresarial, con enfoque en el Capital de Relacionamiento - abonados. Las informaciones fueron obtenidas en el banco de abonados de la Revista y a través de un cuestionario electrónico enviado a los abonados categorizados como "persona física" y propietarios de dirección electrónica. Se concluye que la penetración de la Revista en América Latina es inexpresiva y, en Brasil, es sólo satisfactoria. Los respondientes confirmaron la contribución de la Revista a la fundamentación de las acciones profesionales del enfermero.This study analyzes how the Latin American Journal of Nursing contributed to the integration of nurses in Brazil and Latin America and provided foundations for their professional actions. The

  20. Immigrant Capital and Entrepreneurial Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malavika Sundararajan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The main objective of this study is to define and operationalize the concept of immigrant capital, a key factor that differentiates immigrant from host country entrepreneurs in how they recognize and start new ventures. Research Design & Methods: A detailed analysis of contemporary immigrant entrepreneurship and opportunity recognition literature was carried out. Using grounded theory, we synthesized the outcomes from the analysis of eight Canadian and U.S. case studies of successful immigrant entrepreneurs with the key findings from the literature to define and develop a model of immigrant capital. Findings: Based on our grounded theory development process we show that the concept of immigrant capital as a distillate of human, cultural, economic and social capital that goes beyond expected opportunity recognition (OR drivers like prior knowledge and prior experience to differentiate and enhance the immigrant entrepreneur’s ability to recognize business opportunities compared to host country entrepreneurs. We found immigrant capital to be a consequence of being boundary spanners in host and home country networks. Implications & Recommendations: Understanding a unique resource like immigrant capital, will help immigrant as well as host country entrepreneurs further develop their opportunity recognition ability by bridging gaps and fulfilling the needs for both, immigrant and host country consumers. Contribution & Value Added: The main contribution is the theoretical development, identification and definition of the immigrant capital model and propositions that will articulate the factors that lead to the conceptualization and operationalization of immigrant capital. Furthermore, the immigrant capital model can serve host country entrepreneurs to develop cross-cultural networks and jump-start entrepreneurial activities in their home countries as well as learn how to expand their operations into global markets.

  1. GOVERNANÇA CORPORATIVA E CUSTO DE CAPITAL DE TERCEIROS: EVIDÊNCIAS ENTRE EMPRESAS BRASILEIRAS DE CAPITAL ABERTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Veneo Campos Fonseca

    Full Text Available RESUMO O reduzido acesso ao capital de terceiros, especialmente os de mais longo prazo, é um dos principais problemas do ambiente corporativo brasileiro. Conflitos de agência e existência de informação assimétrica nas transações efetivadas no mercado financeiro resultam no racionamento do crédito e no encarecimento do custo de capital. A adoção de melhores práticas de governança corporativa pelas empresas, ao implicar redução do custo de capital, amplia a captação de recursos para o investimento, mitigando o problema do financiamento empresarial. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a relação entre a adoção de melhores práticas de governança corporativa e o custo do capital de terceiros das empresas brasileiras não financeiras de capital aberto no período 2010-2014. De forma a atingir tal objetivo, foi utilizado um modelo de dados de painel com 230 companhias, sendo a estimação realizada pelo Método dos Momentos Generalizado Sistêmico (GMM-Sis. Os resultados apontaram que a adoção de melhores níveis de governança corporativa reduziu o custo do capital de terceiros das companhias presentes na amostra. Além disso, verificou-se que as variáveis custo de capital de terceiros do ano anterior, lucratividade e nível de emissão de ações preferenciais exerceram uma influência estatisticamente significativa sobre o custo contemporâneo da dívida.

  2. Emerging Forms of Cultural Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Savage, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This paper takes stock of recent research on patterns of cultural engagement in various European nations, with specific reference to British and Danish research. It argues that Bourdieu's original theorisation of cultural capital in ‘Distinction’ needs to be significantly updated to register...... the decline of ‘highbrow’ culture which these studies reveal. However, we argue that this shift does not entail the erosion of cultural capital itself, or the rise of the ‘cultural omnivore’, so much as the emergence of a form of ‘cosmopolitan cultural capital’. We argue that this emerging cultural capital...

  3. Capital-imperialismo e neoliberalismo

    OpenAIRE

    Campagnaro, Yuri Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Resumo: O marxismo interpreta o imperialismo desde Hilferding, com sua análise do capital financeiro em 1910. Lenin sintetizou o primeiro debate, caracterizando o imperialismo como uma nova fase do capitalismo, com monopólios e maior centralização do capital. O debate se estende à década de 1970 com Mandel, que identificou uma alteração na morfologia do capital de então. Os autores contemporâneos debatem o período do capitalismo após os anos 1970, entre eles David Harvey e Virgínia Fontes. Ch...

  4. Solow Residuals Without Capital Stocks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burda, Michael C.; Severgnini, Battista

    2014-01-01

    investment expenditures: one eliminates the capital stock by direct substitution, while the other employs generalized differences of detrended data and the Malmquist index. In short samples, these measures can exhibit consistently lower root mean squared errors than the Solow–Törnqvist counterpart. Capital......We use synthetic data generated by a prototypical stochastic growth model to assess the accuracy of the Solow residual (Solow, 1957) as a measure of total factor productivity (TFP) growth when the capital stock in use is measured with error. We propose two alternative measurements based on current...

  5. Acumulación de capital: ficción y realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shimshon Bichler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué quieren decir los economistas cuando hablan de “acumulación de capital'? La respuesta es todo, menos clara. La opinión convencional es que hay dos tipos de capital: real y financiero, que deben guardar correspondencia y que, infortunadamente, la mayoría de las veces no se corresponden, pues el crecimiento del capital financiero tiende a desajustarse y a distorsionar la acumulación de capital real. El artículo muestra que esta “tesis del desajuste” y, por tanto, la capacidad de los economistas para explicar la acumulación, se construyó sobre bases deleznables. Argumenta que no pueden medir el capital real y que las proxies que elaboran con ese propósito los enreda en circularidades lógicas e imposibilidades empíricas.

  6. EL CAPITAL ESTRUCTURAL Y LA CAPACIDAD INNOVADORA DE LA EMPRESA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos-Rodrigues, Helena

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El entorno empresarial actual presiona a las empresas y a los investigadores para que busquen nuevos factores que permitan alcanzar y mantener sus ventajas competitivas. Entre estos se encuentra cada vez con más importancia el capital intelectual. Un componente representativo de los activos estratégicos de conocimiento, de la propiedad de la empresa, entre otros aspectos, es el capital estructural. Es habitual sospechar que éste afecta a la capacidad innovadora. Sin embargo, es menos conocida la forma en que se produce ese impacto y los aspectos que intervienen. Para investigar esta conexión realizamos una encuesta a 68 empresas que trabajan en el sector de componentes para automoción localizadas en Galicia (Norte de España y el Norte de Portugal. Los resultados muestran, por un lado, que la capacidad innovadora tiene dos dimensiones: la capacidad innovadora de producto - proceso y la capacidad innovadora de gestión; por otro lado, que el capital estructural influye de forma diferenciada en cada tipo de capacidad innovadora. Verificamos que influye directamente en la capacidad innovadora de gestión.

  7. Capitales, capitalización, capitalismo. Explorando las múltiples caras del capital/Capitals, capitalization, capitalism. Exploring the numerous faces of capital

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Juan Ignacio Castien Maestro

    2013-01-01

    According to the marxian conception, capital represents a social mechanism that organizes and structures social relations characterised by domination and exploitation and it is defined as the social...

  8. Capital social y desarrollo económico. Los casos de Silicon Valley y Villa El Salvador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Galaso Reca

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se refiere a las relaciones existentes entre el capital social y el desarrollo económico. Para ello, en primer lugar presenta un marco teórico que muestra la evolución del concepto de capital social, su clasificación, medición y algunas aplicaciones prácticas. Posteriormente, explica teóricamente los efectos del capital social en el desarrollo económico. Finalmente, analiza dos experiencias de desarrollo económico altamente vinculadas con el concepto de capital social: los casos de Silicon Valley y Villa El Salvador.

  9. Dibattere a scuola: scegliere il proprio percorso educativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuele De Conti

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Using debate as an effective educational tool means choosing a suitable debate format for accomplishing the pedagogical aims we have in mind. Thus, the aim of this paper is to understand how each debate format relates to the competen- cies it promotes. It is only through knowing how competencies are stimulated by specific rules of debate formats that we are able to make a reasoned and ef- fective choice.

  10. FRANQUICIAS. Una Alternativa para Emprendedores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Silva Duarte

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta las ventajas de las franquicias como alternativa de negocios. Para un emprendedor exitoso ya establecido es más rentable permitir el uso de su conocimiento explícito mediante el formato de negocio de su firma y recibir regalías mensuales sobre las ventas brutas, que invertir en la apertura de cada nuevo punto. Igualmente, para quien desee iniciarse como empresario, la modalidad de franquicia es muy interesante: en primer lugar, porque empieza con un negocio ya probado, utiliza la imagen extendida de la franquicia y recibe un apoyo corporativo del franquiciador; adicionalmente, detrás del formato de negocio que contrata, está el capital relacional, en otras palabras, la experticia del franquiciador, el conocimiento del mercado, la base de clientes y de proveedores y el capital humano.

  11. The Valuation of Organizational Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiala Roman, Borůvková Jana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors’ aim was to create a model suitable for measuring organization capital. This model was produced by means of the Forward and Backward Stepwise methods, on the basis of company information. Low p-levels (approaching 0 show the statistical significance of all regression coefficients, including the intercept. Organizational capital of 2,796 companies in the Czech Republic was quantified. A statistically significant correlation between organizational capital and return on equity (ROE, as well as between organizational capital and return on assets (ROA, has been established. This article is a part of the results of the project No. 402/09/2057 ‘‘Measurement and Management of Intangible Assets Impact on Firm Performance’’ financed by Czech Science Foundation.

  12. Emerging Forms of Cultural Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Savage, Mike

    - the claims that there are forms of emotional, subcultural or national cultural capital at work - The claim about cosmopolitanism or an international orientation as a distinctive feature of the culturally privileged classes The paper responds to the first theme announced in the call for this conference......This paper reviews recent European studies to assess whether cultural capital now has the same characteristics – or may be rather the same functions - as when Distinction was written. The paper will examine empirical applications of the concept of cultural capital in leading European studies...... – and hence are highly appropriate for direct comparisons with that study. This paper will begin by raising general issues regarding the meaning of the concept, and about how one may make assessments and claims about cultural capital. Here we consider how the legitimacy of certain cultural competencies...

  13. Human capital and career success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Anders; Kato, Takao

    Denmark’s registry data provide accurate and complete career history data along with detailed personal characteristics (e.g., education, gender, work experience, tenure and others) for the population of Danish workers longitudinally. By using such data from 1992 to 2002, we provide rigorous...... evidence for the first time for the population of workers in an entire economy (as opposed to case study evidence) on the effects of the nature and scope of human capital on career success (measured by appointments to top management). First, we confirm the beneficial effect of acquiring general human...... capital formally through schooling for career success, as well as the gender gap in career success rates. Second, broadening the scope of human capital by experiencing various occupations (becoming a generalist) is found to be advantageous for career success. Third, initial human capital earned through...

  14. Capital Markets Union for Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringe, Wolf-Georg

    The economic case for the recent proposal on a European ‘Capital Markets Union’ is obvious. However, the name is more symbolic than real, and the substance falls short of proposing a fully unified capital market across the EU. This short paper identifies several shortcomings of the project. In pa...... to repair the relationship with the UK and to win back support from the City of London for the European Single Market. As such, the project as a whole is certainly laudable, and it might turn out to be the right step at the right time.tion.......The economic case for the recent proposal on a European ‘Capital Markets Union’ is obvious. However, the name is more symbolic than real, and the substance falls short of proposing a fully unified capital market across the EU. This short paper identifies several shortcomings of the project...

  15. Corporate governance and intellectual capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmat Alizadeh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between corporate governance and Intellectual capital in the pharmaceutical companies accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2004-2009 using a regression based model. The study investigates the impacts of three some independent variables of the corporate governance (i.e. the number of board members, the relative extent of nonexecutive to executive directors, the auditing committee. The results suggest that corporate governance had no special effect on intellectual capital in the pharmaceutical companies. Furthermore among corporate governance's variables, the first one (i.e. board size had negative impact on firms' intellectual capital and the second and the third variables had no effects on intellectual capital.

  16. Capital intelectual y ventajas competitivas en pymes basadas en recursos naturales de Latinoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos María Fernández-Jardón

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El enfoque de capital intelectual sugiere que este es fuente de ventajas competitivas. Las pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes basadas en recursos naturales son una importante fuente de crecimiento en las economías latinoamericanas; sin embargo, presentan limitaciones de capital intelectual, lo que puede afectar su competitividad. Este trabajo analiza el proceso de generación de ventajas competitivas en estas pymes y, de modo especial, cuál es el efecto de los diferentes componentes de capital intelectual sobre el desempeño empresarial. El modelo teórico se estudia para el caso de pymes madereras de Oberá (Argentina. Los resultados sugieren que las pymes basadas en recursos naturales utilizan el capital intelectual junto con otros recursos para generar capacidades organizativas que, unidas al territorio, afectan a sus factores estratégicos, lo que les permite obtener mejores resultados. Dentro de ese modelo, se determinan elementos del capital humano (la actitud, la formación y las capacidades del personal, del capital estructural (la cultura la tecnología y la organización interna de la empresa y del capital relacional (las relaciones con clientes y proveedores, la cooperación y la imagen de la empresa. Estos elementos mejoran las capacidades organizativas que son fuente de ventaja competitiva.

  17. Bridges in social capital: a review of the definitions and the social capital of social capital researchers

    OpenAIRE

    Akcomak, S.

    2009-01-01

    There has been a recent surge of interest in social economics and social capital. Articles on social capital that are published in the last five years constitute more than 60 percent of all articles on social capital. Research on social capital is now massive and spans sociology, economics, management, political science and health sciences. Despite this interest there is still not a consensus on the definition and the measurement of social capital. This paper argues that this is due to lack o...

  18. Bridges in social capital: A review of the definitions and the social capital of social capital researchers

    OpenAIRE

    Akcomak, S.

    2009-01-01

    There has been a recent surge of interest in social economics and social capital. Articles on social capital that are published in the last five years constitute more than 60 percent of all articles on social capital. Research on social capital is now massive and spans sociology, economics, management, political science and health sciences. Despite this interest there is still not a consensus on the definition and the measurement of social capital. This paper argues that this is due to lack o...

  19. 47 CFR 32.4540 - Other capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other capital. 32.4540 Section 32.4540... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4540 Other capital. This... capital stock, capital recorded upon the reorganization or recapitalization of the company and...

  20. Mengukur Kontribusi Human Capital terhadap Tujuan Perusahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brata Wibawa Djojo

    2010-10-01

    Human Capital Cost Factor, (iv Human Capital Value Added, and (v Human Capital Return on Investment. Results of research can provide guidelines for the management, especially for management of JLI in view of Human Capital contribution to corporate objectives, namely in terms of staffing and agency.

  1. 12 CFR 208.4 - Capital adequacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital adequacy. 208.4 Section 208.4 Banks and... Requirements § 208.4 Capital adequacy. (a) Adequacy. A member bank's capital, as defined in appendix A to this...) Standards for evaluating capital adequacy. Standards and guidelines by which the Board evaluates the...

  2. 47 CFR 65.304 - Capital structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Capital structure. 65.304 Section 65.304... OF RETURN PRESCRIPTION PROCEDURES AND METHODOLOGIES Exchange Carriers § 65.304 Capital structure. The proportion of each cost of capital component in the capital structure is equal to: Proportion in the...

  3. ORGANIZATIONAL CAPITAL IN ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirill G. Skripkin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a new approach to the description of organizational capital in enterprise architecture. This approach is focused on internal consistency of organizational mechanisms and their fit to the requirements of technologies in use and key employees. The description rests on Henry Mintzberg organizational design theory. The value of this description is demonstrated for the case of influence of Ministry of Education and Science policy on the organizational capital of the Russian university.

  4. Organizational Capital of the Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Nikiforovich Belkin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the main theoretical questions of the organizational capital of the enterprise are considered. The concept of «organizational capital of the enterprise» as a system consisting of three subsystems (organization of production, labour organization and management is introduced. It is shown that the organizational capital forms the labour relations system at the enterprise consisting of the cooperation, technological, economic, moral labour relations and the relations of workers’ responsibility. The model of cyclic evolution of crisis at the enterprise caused by shortcomings of the organizational capital is revealed. It is shown that the organizational capital is a basis for the realization of the human capital, which creates value added. A considerable attention is paid to the experience of the creation and functioning of the organizational capital at the enterprises of the Japanese corporation «Toyota». The Russian economic literature on crisis management quite often considers only the financial aspects of diagnostics, proposing the optimization of cash flows, elimination of excess stocks, transition to the medium-term budgeting and others. However, the deep reasons of crisis need to be found not only in financial streams, but also in the system of the work relationships. The shortcomings in the development of technological, cooperation, economic, moral labour relations and the relations of responsibility directly reflects the shortcomings in the development of the elements of the organizational capital as they «are adjusted» by these elements. In turn, organizational problems affect the product quality leading to the customer attrition and decrease in the enterprise’s financial performance. The lack of financial resources cause the need to save costs (first of all, on personnel, that was brightly shown by the economic crisis of 2009 that even more weakens the enterprise and system of labour relations. Finally, the

  5. The Era of Super Capitalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The world has entered the "super capitalism" era when one third of its economic activities are controlled by less than 3 percent of global financial capital. This year,a global economic recession,triggered by the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis,seems unavoidable. To tackle international financial problems,Tao Dong,Chief Economist for Asia at Credit Suisse First Boston in Hong Kong,shared his insights with China Business Journal. Excerpts follow.

  6. Do European capital flows comove?

    OpenAIRE

    Silvio Contessi; Pierangelo DePace

    2008-01-01

    We study the cross-sectional correlations of net, total, and disaggregated capital flows for the major source and recipient European Union countries. We seek evidence of changes in these correlations since the introduction of the euro to understand whether the European Union can be considered a unique entity with regard to its international capital flows. We first use Ng's (2006) "uniform spacing" methodology to rank cross-sectional correlations (i.e., which flows comove more) and to shed lig...

  7. Splendid Arts Fram Ancient Capitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    IT was in the golden autumn in Beijing, when the sky was high and the air clear, that I hurried to Zhongshan Park to witness the display of the songs and dances of the seven Chinese ancient capitals. The flower beds arranged for the celebration of National Day were still there and the colorful blooms looked especially bright in the sunshine. The seven cities which have served as capitals in Chinese history are Beijing,

  8. ORGANIZATIONAL CAPITAL IN ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Kirill G. Skripkin

    2016-01-01

    The paper describes a new approach to the description of organizational capital in enterprise architecture. This approach is focused on internal consistency of organizational mechanisms and their fit to the requirements of technologies in use and key employees. The description rests on Henry Mintzberg organizational design theory. The value of this description is demonstrated for the case of influence of Ministry of Education and Science policy on the organizational capital of the Russian uni...

  9. Instituciones, organizaciones y capital social: factores explicativos del crecimiento o atraso de las naciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedad Patricia Restrepo

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es resaltar la importancia de las instituciones, las organizaciones y el capital social dentro de los procesos de crecimiento, ya sea como promotores de eficiencia o ineficiencia; en especial, para los países subdesarrollados caracterizados por una estructura institucional ineficiente, bajos niveles de confianza y un gran número de organizaciones delictivas que, conjuntamente, dan lugar a fenómenos nocivos para el crecimiento a largo plazo como la corrupción, el clientelismo y el rent-seeking. El interés central del análisis recae sobre el capital social por ser el elemento más inexplorado teórica y empíricamente; al final, se proponen algunas reformas institucionales como la mejor vía para acrecentar el stock de capital social.

  10. EL CAPITAL SOCIAL: UN PARADIGMA EN EL ACTUAL DEBATE SOBRE EL DESARROLLO. TENDENCIAS Y PROBLEMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Mota Díaz

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo hace referencia al concepto de capital social como un paradigma que se ha ido rescatando y reformulando en la reciente discusión sobre el desarrollo y que está siendo impulsado por diversos organismos internacionales como el Banco Mundial, el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo y la CEPAL, entre otros, con el objetivo de producir efectos en la reducción de la pobreza y desigualdad, con miras a lograr la equidad y democracia que se constituyen como factores indispensables para los actuales procesos de internacionalización económica. Se reflexiona sobre las principales tendencias de la creación, promoción y uso de capital social como elemento importante para el desarrollo y se mencionan algunos de los problemas que pueden impedir que dicho capital sea funcional en ciertos contextos.

  11. Levels of Social Capital in Internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Decker, Arnim

    2016-01-01

    This contribution introduces the notion of social capital and discusses integration into the studies on internationalization of smaller firms and entrepreneurs. Integrating social capital into the resource based perspective, we categorize social capital at three levels: firstly, social capital can...... be attributed to individuals, affecting their relationship with the external environment. Secondly, social capital is an inherent property of networks, into which smaller firms and entrepreneurs are embedded. Thirdly, social capital exists at the macro level, where its characteristics and availability varies...... between environments and nations. This contribution attemps to fascilitate the operationalization of social capital for an improved understanding of processes of internationalization of smaller firms and entrepreneurs....

  12. Social capital and workplace bullying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pihl, Patricia; Albertsen, Karen; Hogh, Annie; Andersen, Lars Peter Sønderbo

    2017-01-01

    Workplace bullying is a serious stressor with devastating short- and long-term consequences. The concept of organizational social capital may provide insights into the interactional and communicative dynamics of the bullying process and opportunities for prevention. This study aimed to explore the association between organizational social capital and being a target or observer of workplace bullying. Based on self-reported cross-sectional data from a large representative sample of the Danish working population (n = 10.037), logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore at the individual level the associations between vertical and horizontal organizational social capital with being a target or observer of workplace bullying. In the fully adjusted models, low organizational social capital (vertical and horizontal) was associated with significantly increased odds ratios of both self-labelled (vertical: OR = 3.25; CI = 2.34-4.51; horizontal: OR = 3.17; CI = 2.41-4.18) and observed workplace bullying (vertical: OR = 2.09; CI = 1.70-2.56; horizontal: OR = 1.60; CI = 1.35-1.89), when compared with high organizational social capital. This study supports that characteristics of the psychosocial work environment are of importance in the development of workplace bullying, and provides focus on the importance of self-reported organizational social capital.

  13. STATISTICAL MODELS OF REPRESENTING INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Feraru

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article entitled Statistical Models of Representing Intellectual Capital approaches and analyses the concept of intellectual capital, as well as the main models which can support enterprisers/managers in evaluating and quantifying the advantages of intellectual capital. Most authors examine intellectual capital from a static perspective and focus on the development of its various evaluation models. In this chapter we surveyed the classical static models: Sveiby, Edvisson, Balanced Scorecard, as well as the canonical model of intellectual capital. Among the group of static models for evaluating organisational intellectual capital the canonical model stands out. This model enables the structuring of organisational intellectual capital in: human capital, structural capital and relational capital. Although the model is widely spread, it is a static one and can thus create a series of errors in the process of evaluation, because all the three entities mentioned above are not independent from the viewpoint of their contents, as any logic of structuring complex entities requires.

  14. 76 FR 40407 - Sterling Capital Funds and Sterling Capital Management LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-08

    ... COMMISSION Sterling Capital Funds and Sterling Capital Management LLC; Notice of Application July 1, 2011.... Applicants: Sterling Capital Funds (the ``Trust'') and Sterling Capital Management LLC (``Sterling'' and... serves as a Sub-Adviser of Sterling Capital International Fund; and Federated Investment...

  15. 12 CFR 6.4 - Capital measures and capital category definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... categories of asset quality, management, earnings, or liquidity. ... risk-based capital ratio; (2) The Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio; (3) The leverage ratio. (b) Capital...) Well capitalized if the bank: (i) Has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0 percent or greater;...

  16. Human Capital, Fertility, and Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Gary S. Becker; Murphy, Kevin M.; Robert F. Tamura

    1990-01-01

    Our model of growth departs from both the Malthusian and neoclassical approaches by including investments in human capital. We assume, crucially, that rates of return on human capital investments rise, rather than, decline, as the stock of human capital increases, until the stock becomes large. This arises because the education sector uses human capital note intensively than either the capital producing sector of the goods producing sector. This produces multiple steady scares: an undeveloped...

  17. An Economic Viewpoint on Capitalism Bashing

    OpenAIRE

    Burnete Sorin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper I discuss two long disputed notions: that capitalism without crises is a fallacy respectively that capitalism bashing, however severe, will not endanger the system itself. Yet proving both is not an easy task since the capitalism issue has always been a cupellation of theory, ideology and political precepts, which are controversial and hard to disentangle. That capitalism detractors are numberless is a truism. Yet criticism against capitalism, however fierce, has always been cle...

  18. An Economic Viewpoint on Capitalism Bashing

    OpenAIRE

    Burnete Sorin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper I discuss two long disputed notions: that capitalism without crises is a fallacy respectively that capitalism bashing, however severe, will not endanger the system itself. Yet proving both is not an easy task since the capitalism issue has always been a cupellation of theory, ideology and political precepts, which are controversial and hard to disentangle. That capitalism detractors are numberless is a truism. Yet criticism against capitalism, however fierce, has always been cle...

  19. 78 FR 62017 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-11

    ... Value Correlation Factor 4. Credit Valuation Adjustments a. Simple Credit Valuation Adjustment Approach... argued that the proposals would have significant negative consequences for the financial services...) portfolio or holding additional regulatory capital solely to mitigate the volatility resulting from...

  20. Social capital, cultural festivals and tourism in Catalunya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greg Richards

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Muchos estudios han resaltado los efectos negativos potenciales del turismo sobre la cultura local. Los eventos culturales son un área de preocupación particular dado que pueden parecer "inauténticos" al ser vistos por los turistas, además de perder el significado para los residentes locales. Estos argumentos tienden a pasar por altola capacidad de las comunidades locales para usar el turismo de manera creativa como medio para exponer y fortalecer su identidad local (friedman, 1994. Uno de las más importantes indicadores de resistencia de las comunidades locales es el nivel del capital social presente en la población receptora, lo cual es importante a la hora de crear cohesión social y asegurar una distribución más equitativa de los beneficios del turismo. Este artículo presenta un estudio del capital social, redes locales y turismo en Cataluña. Encuestas a residentes locales y visitantes a las fiestas indican un nivel relativamente alto de capital social entre los residentes locales, particularmente en términos de membresías a asociaciones culturales. Existe una relación directa entre membresía de asociaciones culturales, participación activa en eventos culturales y actitudes positivas hacia cambios culturales y hacia el turismo. Esta investigación plantea que el desarrollo del capital social puede ser una manera de desarrollar relaciones más positivas entre el turismo y la cultura, tomando en cuenta que el papel de las asociaciones y redes locales es esencial en este proceso.

  1. Evaluating An Alternative To Finance Higher Education: Human Capital Contracts In Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Lozano R.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un ejercicio para la valuación de Contratos de Capital Humano (CCH, siguiendo a Palacios (2004, en el cual se utilizan datos del Observatorio Laboral para la Educación y su Encuesta de Seguimiento a Graduados–2007. El análisis se hace a través de un modelo Monteriano y uno de Splines para encontrar los pronósticos determinísticos del ingreso. Se encuentra que los retornos a la educación superior proveen un incentivo para la implementación de CCHs para financiar completamente los programas de las universidades públicas y parcialmente en las universidades privadas. Financiar los programas de las universidades privadas requiere más ayudas para hacer los contratos rentables para los inversionistas y atractivos para los estudiantes.

  2. Capital Flows, Exchange Rate Regime, and Macroeconomic Performance in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Ibarra

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza los efectos a corto plazo de los flujos de capital externo en la demanda agregada en México: su magnitud, los canales de transmisión y la posible influencia en la elección del régimen del tipo de cambio del país. Para motivar este trabajo en la introducción se discute el sistema de flotación en diciembre de 1994, en un contexto de renovada volatilidad de los flujos de capital internacionales. Durante el período de la banda, a principios de los noventa, los flujos de capital diferentes de la inversión extranjera directa (IED tenían un fuerte efecto en el consumo y en la demanda de inversión. El tipo de cambio real y los choques de los precios de las acciones fueron importantes canales de transmisión. Después de la adopción del sistema de flotación, el vínculo con el consumo ha persistido; el efecto de los flujos de capital en la inversión doméstica, en contraste, ha tendido a desaparecer. Los resultados de este trabajo son consistentes con la idea de que el aislamiento de la inversión respecto de la volatilidad de los flujos de capital se explica particularmente por una reducción en la correlación del tipo de cambio real y el índice de precios de las acciones, con los flujos de capital.

  3. ANÁLISIS DEL COMPORTAMIENTO DEL IMPUESTO ICA EN EL PRESUPUESTO DEL DISTRITO CAPITAL (1996 - 2005)

    OpenAIRE

    JOSÉ ALIRIO PINZÓN

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este trabajo, es analizar el comportamiento del Impuesto de Industria y Co - mercio, Avisos y Tableros ICA, en el presupuesto del Distrito Capital (Bogotá), teniendo en cuenta el beneficio que representa este gravamen para el desarrollo de la ciudad y su efecto directo como fuente de financiación del gasto e inversión. Para esto se hace un análisis del presupuesto ejecutado por el Distrito Capital entre los años 1996 y 2005, tomando los ingresos y gastos; se muest...

  4. The Pro-Cyclical Impact of Basel III Regulatory Capital on Bank Capital Risk

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Guoxiang

    2014-01-01

    To raise the quality of regulatory capital, Basel III capital rules recognize unrealized gains and losses on all available-for-sale (AFS) securities in Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (CET1). However, by examining the correlations between U.S. GDP growth rate, interest rates and regulatory capital ratios computed using Basel III regulatory capital definition for six U.S. global systemically important banks (G-SIBs) since 2007, this chapter finds that Basel III regulatory capital will enhance the...

  5. Intellectual Capital Management in Transport Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asta Znakovaitė

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an analysis of intellectual capital; its management, features and processes by which intellectual capital of a company can be evaluated. The main elements of intellectual capital (human, structural and relationship capital are presented and used in research. After surveying bibliography, intellectual capital evaluation model, which applies to Lithuanian and Latvian companies operating in the transport sector, is created. The research is based on the value-added intellectual capital factor model, the relationship between indicators, multi-asset return correlation and regression analysis and generation of alternatives to intellectual capital performance-enhancing. Following an assessment of intellectual capital of Lithuanian and Latvian transport sectors, on the basis of the results, it was found that the intellectual capital is a key factor in corporation management to increase revenue. Article in Lithuanian

  6. Capitalismo de renda básica Basic income capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Van Parijs

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available As opções políticas disponíveis para os paises capitalistas avançados, após a bancarrota do "socialismo real", se resumiriam a retroceder cada vez mais a um capitalismo de laissez-faire ou a agarrar-se ao welfare state tal como hoje existe? O autor argumenta que há uma outra opção possível, que deve ser vista como uma culminância do welfare state: o capitalismo de renda básica. A idéia à de que as sociedades mais abastadas podem assegurar a cada um dos seus membros uma renda substancial que para ser obtida independa de retribuição em trabalho ou de quaisquer outras condições. O artigo mostra qual é a argumentação ética em favor dessa proposta, analisa alguns dos seus problemas de exequibilidade e a localiza no antigo debate capitalismo versus socialismo.Should the available political options for advanced capitalist countries after the breakup of the "real socialism" be limited to going back towards a laissez faire capitalism or to clinching to a welfare state like the one existing today? The author argues that there is another choice avaliable, which should be seen as the summit of the welfare state: the basic income capitalism. This proposal is expounded, examined and located in the old debate between capitalism and socialism

  7. Transnational Investments in Informational Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    D. Munk, Martin

    This paper analyses the acquisition of informational capital, e.g. academic capital, measured as student mobility, and understood as transnational investments in prestigious foreign educational institutions. In the 1990s, educational “zones of prestige” have especially been the United States......) are more likely than students from other social classes to pursue transnational investments, even though students from the middle and working classes have now entered the competition. This result is also recently found in an analysis of Danish academic emigrants. All in all, the studies confirm...... the hypothesis that students from upper classes are more likely than others to invest in specific informational capital in the field of education, in national environments but also in international settings....

  8. The measurement of social capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalonga-Olives, Ester; Kawachi, Ichiro

    2015-01-01

    Social capital has been defined as the resources available to individuals and groups through membership in social networks. The definition is consistent with either an individualistic approach, i.e. resources (such as information or instrumental assistance) that are accessed by individuals through their network connections; or a collective approach, e.g. the benefits accruing to members of a group - such as the ability of a community to engage in collective action - as a consequence of the existence of cohesive relationships. While research often restricts itself to a single level of analysis, the benefits (and downsides) of social capital accrue to both the individual as well as to the network to which he belongs. In the Dictionary of Epidemiology both the individual and collective levels of analysis were recognized in the definition of social capital. Copyright © 2014 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Health, Human Capital, and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleakley, Hoyt

    2010-09-01

    How much does disease depress development in human capital and income around the world? I discuss a range of micro evidence, which finds that health is both human capital itself and an input to producing other forms of human capital. I use a standard model to integrate these results, and suggest a re-interpretation of much of the micro literature. I then discuss the aggregate implications of micro estimates, but note the complications in extrapolating to general equilibrium, especially because of health's effect on population size. I also review the macro evidence on this topic, which consists of either cross-country comparisons or measuring responses to health shocks. Micro estimates are 1-2 orders of magnitude smaller than the cross-country relationship, but nevertheless imply high benefit-to-cost ratios from improving certain forms of health.

  10. Emerging Forms of Cultural Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Savage, Mike

    or preferences can be demonstrated, and how the move can be made from observing structured oppositions in cultural consumptions to claims about the existence of cultural capital? We note that current research frequently lack a clear argument about how the cultural forms possessed by the culturally privileged...... Distinction about the significance and content of emerging forms of cultural capital in different Western societies. Among the claims to be discussed are the following: - the claim about a decline in the adherence to traditional highbrow or classic high culture - the claim about increased omnivorousness and...... - the claims that there are forms of emotional, subcultural or national cultural capital at work - The claim about cosmopolitanism or an international orientation as a distinctive feature of the culturally privileged classes The paper responds to the first theme announced in the call for this conference...

  11. Health, Human Capital, and Development*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleakley, Hoyt

    2013-01-01

    How much does disease depress development in human capital and income around the world? I discuss a range of micro evidence, which finds that health is both human capital itself and an input to producing other forms of human capital. I use a standard model to integrate these results, and suggest a re-interpretation of much of the micro literature. I then discuss the aggregate implications of micro estimates, but note the complications in extrapolating to general equilibrium, especially because of health’s effect on population size. I also review the macro evidence on this topic, which consists of either cross-country comparisons or measuring responses to health shocks. Micro estimates are 1–2 orders of magnitude smaller than the cross-country relationship, but nevertheless imply high benefit-to-cost ratios from improving certain forms of health. PMID:24147187

  12. Transnational Investments in Informational Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    D. Munk, Martin

    ) are more likely than students from other social classes to pursue transnational investments, even though students from the middle and working classes have now entered the competition. This result is also recently found in an analysis of Danish academic emigrants. All in all, the studies confirm......This paper analyses the acquisition of informational capital, e.g. academic capital, measured as student mobility, and understood as transnational investments in prestigious foreign educational institutions. In the 1990s, educational “zones of prestige” have especially been the United States...... the hypothesis that students from upper classes are more likely than others to invest in specific informational capital in the field of education, in national environments but also in international settings....

  13. The measurement of social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Villalonga-Olives

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Social capital has been defined as the resources available to individuals and groups through membership in social networks. The definition is consistent with either an individualistic approach, i.e. resources (such as information or instrumental assistance that are accessed by individuals through their network connections; or a collective approach, e.g. the benefits accruing to members of a group – such as the ability of a community to engage in collective action – as a consequence of the existence of cohesive relationships. While research often restricts itself to a single level of analysis, the benefits (and downsides of social capital accrue to both the individual as well as to the network to which he belongs. In the Dictionary of Epidemiology both the individual and collective levels of analysis were recognized in the definition of social capital.

  14. Capital social, família e redução da pobreza: um percurso na literatura

    OpenAIRE

    José Onofre Gurjão Boavista da Cunha

    2013-01-01

    Inserido na linha de pesquisa Família e Sociedade, esta tese tem por objetivo apresentar o Capital Social e familiar como instrumentos relevantes na geração de políticas sociais efetivas para o combate à pobreza, bem como para o empoderamento de grupos comunitários pobres na busca da superação das suas dificuldades, atuando os seus membros de forma solidária e cooperativa em prol do bem comum. Para tanto, tomou-se como fundamento o estudo do Capital Social, da pobreza e da família, três categ...

  15. El capital intelectual y su relación con la innovación en la universidad CES

    OpenAIRE

    Tamayo Montoya, Veronica Mariela

    2016-01-01

    En la sociedad actual del conocimiento las universidades tienen la responsabilidad de generar conocimiento e innovaciones para ofrecer soluciones a problemas de comunidades de interés. Para lograrlo las universidades deben enfocarse en su activo más importante, su capital intelectual. Hasta ahora las investigaciones relacionadas con el capital intelectual y la innovación en las universidades, son limitadas a pesar de ser un elemento estratégico para la dirección de estas organizaciones, ya qu...

  16. Cost of capital to the hospital sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, F A; Valvona, J; Hassan, M; Morrisey, M A

    1988-03-01

    This paper provides estimates of the cost of equity and debt capital to for-profit and non-profit hospitals in the U.S. for the years 1972-83. The cost of equity is estimated using, alternatively, the Capital Asset Pricing Model and Arbitrage Pricing Theory. We find that the cost of equity capital, using either model, substantially exceeded anticipated inflation. The cost of debt capital was much lower. Accounting for the corporate tax shield on debt and capital paybacks by cost-based insurers lowered the net cost of capital to hospitals.

  17. Financing Human Capital: Families & Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neantro Saavedra-Rivano

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD describes human capital as “knowledge, skills, competencies and attributes embodied in individuals that facilitate the creation of personal, social and economic wellbeing.”* It follows from this interpretation that investment in human capital includes the sum of all costs that allow a new being to reach economic autonomy. In this paper we analyze the family and social dimensions of human capital and discuss how decisions on human capital formation are taken and how its associated costs are shared. The discussion leads us to identify an important paradox underlying human capital formation, namely the fact that while families are its main contributors the benefits of such investment go primarily to society as a whole. This paradox and its consequences are central to two very important current issues. The first issue, one that is common to many developed countries, is low female fertility which is the source, in particular, of population aging. The second issue, affecting chiefly developing countries, is the inequality of opportunities, a problem lying at the root of underdevelopment. Two options are discussed to respond to this dilemma, one based on redistributive programs and another on market solutions. The paper discusses the limits inherent to redistributive programs and goes on to present at length the alternative market solution. In a nutshell this consists of securitizing the human capital of individuals so as to finance the expenses leading to their upbringing, from birth to adulthood. In addition to describing this scheme the paper analyzes its advantages as well as the difficulties associated with its implementation. It concludes by exploring possible interpretations of the scheme and feasible routes for its adoption.

  18. Human capital, schooling and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, T Paul

    2003-06-01

    A consensus has been forged in the last decade that recent periods of sustained growth in total factor productivity and reduced poverty are closely associated with improvements in a population's child nutrition, adult health, and schooling, particularly in low-income countries. Estimates of the productive returns from these three forms of human capital investment are nonetheless qualified by a number of limitations in our data and analytical methods. This paper reviews the problems that occupy researchers in this field and summarizes accumulating evidence of empirical regularities. Social experiments must be designed to assess how randomized policy interventions motivate families and individuals to invest in human capital, and then measure the changed wage opportunities of those who have been induced to make these investments. Statistical estimation of wage functions that seek to represent the relationship between wage rates and a variety of human capital stocks may yield biased estimates of private rates of return from these investments for a variety of reasons. The paper summarizes several of these problems and illustrates how data and statistical methods can be used to deal with some of them. The measures of labor productivity and the proxies specified for schooling and adult health are first discussed, and then the functional relationships between human capital and wages are described. Three types of estimation problem are discussed: (1) bias due to omitted variables, such as ability or frailty; (2) bias due to the measurement of an aggregation of multiple sources of human capital, e.g. genetic and socially reproducible variation, which may contribute to different gains in worker productivity; and (3) errors in measurement of the human capital stocks. Empirical examples and illustrative estimates are surveyed.

  19. ¿Quién domina los procesos territoriales? Importancia de los diferentes capitales para un desarrollo sustentable. Caso de estudio: Partido de Balcarce, Argentina // Who dominates the territorial processes?Importance of the different capitals for sustainable development. Case study: Balcarce, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Auer

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadasestán teniendo lugaren Argentina procesos territorialescomo la agriculturización (intensificación y avance de la agricultura sobre otros usos de la tierra yel desarrollo de planes de ordenamiento territorial rural. En ambos casos los agentes del territorio afectan la evolución de estos procesos y a la vez son afectados por los mismos. Este estudio analizaambos procesos en el Partido de Balcarce (Argentina bajo el enfoque de campos sociales de Pierre Bourdieu. Se observa que la posición de los agentes dentro del campo no solo está determinada por el volumen total del capital que poseen, sino también por la estructura de dicho capital y por el capital dominante dentro del campo, afectandoesto las relaciones de poder entre agentes. Si bien el capital que rige la evolución de ambos procesos es el económico, se observa queel capital social cumple un rol estratégico dentro del campo de la comunidad rural y el capital simbólico en el campo delordenamiento territorial.

  20. LABOR AND CAPITAL: OPPOSING SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Sotelo Valencia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available During the second half of the twentieth century, and so far this century, there have been major changes such as the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the destruction of the Twin Towers or the current economic crisis sweeping the world from 2008-2009 – to be evaluated in the sense that if they have altered the essence of the capitalist system or only its form, which would rather reaffirmed their basic laws, including the world of work. We favor the latter assessment, since today the social metabolism capital is entirely universal and becomes effective, more than ever, the contradiction between her antogonica eo trabalho capital.

  1. Prevalência de fatores de risco e proteção para doenças crônicas nas capitais do Brasil - principais resultados do Vigitel 2010 Protection from chronic diseases and the prevalence of risk factors in Brazilian state capitals - main results from Vigitel 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: descrever os principais fatores de risco e proteção para doenças crônicas com dados do inquérito telefônico de 2010. METODOLOGIA: entrevistas telefônicas realizadas em amostra probabilística dos adultos residentes nas capitais do Brasil e Distrito Federal com telefone fixo residencial. As prevalências foram estratificadas por sexo, idade e escolaridade. RESULTADOS: Foi verificado alto consumo de refrigerantes (28%, de carne com gordura (46% e de consumo abusivo de álcool (18%, e baixo consumo de frutas e hortaliças (18% e de atividade física no lazer (15%. Aproximadamente metade da população referiu ter excesso de peso e não se proteger da radiação solar. A inatividade física e o tabagismo atingem cerca de 15% dos adultos. Fatores de risco foram mais prevalentes em homens, adultos jovens e de menor escolaridade. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados apontam diferentes comportamentos em saúde da população segundo características sociodemográficas. Essa variabilidade deve ser considerada nas ações de promoção de saúde.PURPOSE: To describe protection from chronic diseases and the prevalence of risk factors with data from a telephone survey in 2010. METHODS: Telephone interviews in a random sample of adults living in Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District with residential landline telephones. The prevalence of these factors was stratified by sex, age and level of education. RESULTS: High prevalence of soft drink consumption (28.1%, fatty meat consumption (34.2%, and alcohol abuse (18% and low fruit and vegetable intake (18% and leisure time physical activity (15% was verified. Approximately half the population was overweight and reported no sun protection practices. Physical inactivity and smoking afflicted almost 15% of adults. In general, risk factors were more prevalent in men, predominantly young adults with lower education levels. CONCLUSION: The results revealed differing health behavior according to socio

  2. CAPITAL INTELECTUAL E O ENSINO SUPERIOR: ANÁLISE E PERSPECTIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Fanha Martins

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem como principal objectivo analisar o estado do capital intelectual numa instituição de ensino superior através da elaboração de indicadores que permitam avaliar o capital intelectual de um curso de mestrado dessa instituição. Para tal, numa primeira fase, realizou-se uma pesquisa em torno da abordagem à gestão do conhecimento, particularizando a análise nos temas que mais se relacionavam com o capital intelectual. Foram apresentadas as principais teorias de acordo com os autores que se dedicam a esta área do saber, primeiro em torno da noção de conhecimento, depois da teoria do conhecimento e por último da gestão do conhecimento e do capital intelectual. Na análise teórica efectuada sobre o capital intelectual, para além de apresentar a sua definição e contextualização, foi também dado destaque aos modelos de medição do mesmo. Baseando-nos na análise de alguns desses modelos, foram definidos indicadores com o objectivo de analisar o capital intelectual de uma instituição de ensino superior pública e mais concretamente um dos seus cursos de mestrado, apresentando-se os resultados.

  3. O capital humano e o desenvolvimento econômico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Maria Witkowski

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Um ambiente competitivo de negócios é decorrência cada vez maior de uma administração eficaz do capital humano. Estrutura, tecnologia, recursos financeiros e materiais são aspectos meramente físicos e inertes que precisam ser administrados inteligentemente por meio das pessoas que constituem a organização. A Teoria do Capital Humano é uma derivação da Teoria Econômica Neoclássica e, ao mesmo tempo, uma atualização, do axioma liberal do indivíduo livre, soberano e racional. Ressurgiu com a crise do modelo tayloris ta-fordis ta, associada à redefinição das relações de trabalho na empresa e do papel do sistema educacional. A qualidade dos funcionários de uma organização, seus conhecimentos e habilidades, entusiasmo e satisfação com seus cargos, seu senso de iniciativa para gerar riqueza, tudo isso tem forte impacto na produtividade da organização, no nível de serviço ao cliente, na reputação e na competitividade. Para qualquer que seja a área empresarial escolhida, o futuro administrador necessita ter uma visão sobre como lidar com assuntos relacionados com pessoas para alcançar o seu sucesso profissional e levar a sua organização rumo à excelência e à competitividade. Em seu conjunto, as pessoas constituem o capital humano da organização. Esse capital pode valer mais ou valer menos, na medida em que contenha talentos capazes de agregar valor à organização e torná-la mais ágil e competitiva. Portanto, esse capital vale mais na medida em que consiga influenciar as ações e os destinos da organização. A era da informação torna o trabalho menos físico e mais mental, pois as pessoas deixaram de ser fornecedoras de mão-de-obra para serem alçadas à categoria de fornecedoras de conhecimento e de competências. Do mesmo modo que o capital humano é relevante para a sociedade e para as organizações, observa-se que o desenvolvimento econômico também possui um papel de suma importância. Define

  4. Social capital and dental pain in Brazilian northeast: a multilevel cross-sectional study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background There is limited evidence on possible associations between social determinants and dental pain. This study investigated the relationship of neighborhood and individual social capital with dental pain in adolescents, adults and the elderly. Methods A population-based multilevel study was conducted involving 624 subjects from 3 age groups: 15–19, 35–44 and 65–74 years. They were randomly selected from 30 census tracts in three cities in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. A two-stage cluster sampling was used considering census tracts and households as sampling units. The outcome of study was the presence of dental pain in the last 6 months. Information on dental pain, demographic, socio-economic, health-related behaviors, use of dental services, self-perceived oral health and social capital measures was collected through interviews. Participants underwent a clinical examination for assessment of dental caries. Neighborhood social capital was evaluated using aggregated measures of social trust, social control, empowerment, political efficacy and neighborhood safety. Individual social capital assessment included bonding and bridging social capital. Multilevel logistic regression was used to test the relationship of neighborhood and individual social capital with dental pain after sequential adjustment for covariates. Results Individuals living in neighborhoods with high social capital were 52% less likely to report dental pain than those living in neighborhoods with low social capital (OR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.27-0.85). Bonding social capital (positive interaction) was independently associated with dental pain (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.80-0.91). Last dental visit, self-perceived oral health and number of decayed teeth were also significantly associated with dental pain. Conclusions Our findings suggest that contextual and individual social capital are independently associated with dental pain. PMID:23289932

  5. Social capital and dental pain in Brazilian northeast: a multilevel cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Bianca Marques

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is limited evidence on possible associations between social determinants and dental pain. This study investigated the relationship of neighborhood and individual social capital with dental pain in adolescents, adults and the elderly. Methods A population-based multilevel study was conducted involving 624 subjects from 3 age groups: 15–19, 35–44 and 65–74 years. They were randomly selected from 30 census tracts in three cities in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. A two-stage cluster sampling was used considering census tracts and households as sampling units. The outcome of study was the presence of dental pain in the last 6 months. Information on dental pain, demographic, socio-economic, health-related behaviors, use of dental services, self-perceived oral health and social capital measures was collected through interviews. Participants underwent a clinical examination for assessment of dental caries. Neighborhood social capital was evaluated using aggregated measures of social trust, social control, empowerment, political efficacy and neighborhood safety. Individual social capital assessment included bonding and bridging social capital. Multilevel logistic regression was used to test the relationship of neighborhood and individual social capital with dental pain after sequential adjustment for covariates. Results Individuals living in neighborhoods with high social capital were 52% less likely to report dental pain than those living in neighborhoods with low social capital (OR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.27-0.85. Bonding social capital (positive interaction was independently associated with dental pain (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.80-0.91. Last dental visit, self-perceived oral health and number of decayed teeth were also significantly associated with dental pain. Conclusions Our findings suggest that contextual and individual social capital are independently associated with dental pain.

  6. Capital Social y Pobreza en Ecuador, 2010-2012

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Objetivos: evidenciar, estadísticamente, cómo el Capital Social contribuye a la reducción de la probabilidad de que un hogar sea pobre en Ecuador, entre 2010 y 2012. Las redes sociales que crean las personas entre sí, son consideradas como uno de los factores que permiten minimizar la exposición de los hogares a la pobreza. Este fenómeno de cohesión se denomina capital social.Metodología: enfoque cuantitativo, se estimó un modelo probabilístico para encontrar la relación que existe entre ser ...

  7. Capital riesgo y dinero inteligente: aportes de valor no monetario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel Arango Vásquez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se basa en una revisión de la literatura para estudiar las características de las inversiones que realiza la industria del capital riesgo. El análisis permite clasificar estas inversiones como ‘dinero inteligente’, lo que implica generalmente aportes de valor no monetario. Adicionalmente, se describen los aportes de mayor relevancia, según criterio propio de los autores. Este trabajo permite concluir que la industria del capital riesgo tiene un papel destacado en el crecimiento y la consolidación de muchas empresas, especialmente de las pequeñas y medianas, a través de los aportes no monetarios que realiza, los cuales tienen alto impacto en su fortalecimiento y aumento de valor.

  8. El capital social, el arte contemporáneo y las carreras

    OpenAIRE

    Nathalie Moureau; Benoit Zenou

    2014-01-01

    Desde los trabajos de Mark Granovetter (1973, 1985) sobre el mercado de trabajo, el papel de las redes y del capital social ha sido recalcado en varias ocasiones, sobre todo en el ámbito cultural. Según Blaug (1985), las tres S, es decir “skilling, screening y socialisation” son tan importantes para las artes como las tres Rs para los sectores tradicionales. Adquirir las competencias necesarias, evaluar sus capacidades, conseguir recomendaciones de profesionales reconocidos e insertarse en la...

  9. Employee Capital:Resource or Reoccurring Nightmare

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, James Peter

    2005-01-01

    Employee capital need not be a reoccurring nightmare for bar owners if they create a system for managing their employee capital which deals with recruitment, placement, training and development for all hospitality staff members.

  10. Hospital Capital Investment During the Great Recession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Sung

    2017-01-01

    Hospital capital investment is important for acquiring and maintaining technology and equipment needed to provide health care. Reduction in capital investment by a hospital has negative implications for patient outcomes. Most hospitals rely on debt and internal cash flow to fund capital investment. The great recession may have made it difficult for hospitals to borrow, thus reducing their capital investment. I investigated the impact of the great recession on capital investment made by California hospitals. Modeling how hospital capital investment may have been liquidity constrained during the recession is a novel contribution to the literature. I estimated the model with California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development data and system generalized method of moments. Findings suggest that not-for-profit and public hospitals were liquidity constrained during the recession. Comparing the changes in hospital capital investment between 2006 and 2009 showed that hospitals used cash flow to increase capital investment by $2.45 million, other things equal.

  11. INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL MANAGEMENT – A NEW MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luminita-Maria GOGAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to gain competitive advantage organizations need more efficient use of intellectual capital. Therefore, management of intellectual capital has become one of the functions of growth in companies today. Focus on managing intelectul capital is due to the role intelectula competencies and knowledge in contemporary business which is significant. The most common terms for intellectual capital management functions at the organizational level are competence management and competence development. Managers conduct activities to manage intellectual capital in the need for knowledge on personnel competencies and their development in operative functions. The literature presents a series of intellectual capital management models, most belonging to the researchers in the Nordic countries. The aim of this paper is to developea new model of managing intellectual capital that improve the existing models. Thus, by using the proposed model is expected that the relationship between intellectual capital management and strategy of a company should intensify on medium term.

  12. 12 CFR 615.5220 - Capitalization bylaws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... retirable at the sole discretion of the board, provided minimum permanent capital adequacy standards... association's funding bank in conjunction with any agreement for a transfer of capital between the...

  13. National Capital Planning Commission Library contents

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Capital Planning Commission — The National Capital Planning Commission library catalog is a compilation of titles, authors, years of publication and topics of books, reports and NCPC publications.

  14. Definition and Content Interpretation of Human Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verhoglyadova N. I.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to researching the nature of human capital, its internal structure, comparative characteristics of human capital and other economic categories; factors of its forming under present conditions of transformations in the economy of Ukraine.

  15. Impression management as symbolic capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lueg, Klarissa; Nielsen, Camilla

    2015-01-01

    Social Network Sites (SNS) play an increasingly important role in the European business world, especially with respect to cross-cultural impression management. Departing from the Bourdieusian concept of “capital,” this paper analyzes the differences in the use of two popular business SNS: XING...

  16. Building Social Capital for Internationalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana Braga Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Social capital may be defined as social relationships that confer actual or potential benefits. It can therefore beunderstood as a particular type of resource. Recent research has drawn attention to how connections andrelationships (networking both at home and abroad can be crucially important for small and medium-sizedenterprises (SMEs seeking to export or invest abroad. However, relatively little is known about how SMEsinitiate, develop and maintain network relationships. This paper reports a study of 32 British SMEs exporting, orattempting to export, to Brazil and of domestic institutional agencies whose role was to facilitate businessconducted between British and Brazilian SMEs. The study explored both the functions of social capital for theSMEs and the process whereby it was developed. Its findings confirm the value of social capital in internationalentrepreneurship. It can provide information, interpretation, market opportunities, and some degree of protectionagainst the risks associated with foreignness, newness and smallness. The study also confirms the vitalimportance of personal trust in sustaining social capital between small firms.

  17. States, Social Capital and Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anthony, Denise L.; Campbell, John L.

    2011-01-01

    in the production of collective goods. We explore two issues that were underdeveloped in her book that have subsequently received much attention. First, we discuss how states can facilitate cooperative behavior short of coercively imposing it on actors. Second, we discuss how social capital can facilitate...

  18. Social Capital and Community Heterogeneity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffe, Hilde

    2009-01-01

    Recent findings indicate that more pronounced community heterogeneity is associated with lower levels of social capital. These studies, however, concentrate on specific aspects in which people differ (such as income inequality or ethnic diversity). In the present paper, we introduce the number of parties in the local party system as a more…

  19. 76 FR 74631 - Capital Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... appropriate to its business model and portfolios; \\20\\ \\20\\ Whereas the proposed rule required a large bank... consideration of additional variables. Evaluating the profit and loss sensitivity of a firm's trading portfolio... feedback provided in the CCAR and Supervisory Capital Assessment Program. The Federal Reserve is...

  20. Business model and Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe

    2012-01-01

    When practicing business model (BM) innovation releasing intellectual capital (IC) strategically from SME´s BMs through the innovation process can be extremely difficult and complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities and resources...

  1. Social capital and community heterogeneity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, Hilde R.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Recent findings indicate that more pronounced community heterogeneity is associated with lower levels of social capital. These studies, however, concentrate on specific aspects in which people differ (such as income inequality or ethnic diversity). In the present paper, we introduce the

  2. School Cheating and Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paccagnella, Marco; Sestito, Paolo

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the relationship between social capital and cheating behaviour in standardized tests. Given the low-stakes nature of these tests, we interpret the widespread presence of cheating as a signal of low trust towards central education authorities and as lack of respect for the rule of law. We find that cheating is…

  3. Real Assets and Capital Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Campello, M.; Giambona, E.

    2013-01-01

    We characterize the relation between asset structure and capital structure by exploiting variation in the salability of corporate assets. To establish this link, we distinguish across different assets in firms’ balance sheets (machinery, land, and buildings) and use an instrumental approach that

  4. TOWARDS THE CAPITAL MARKET UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulian PANAIT

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the main characteristics of the proposed Capital Markets Union in Europe, as they are introduced by the European Commission and various authors, and emphasises some important advantages and disadvantages of this project for the developing and frontier markets in UE, especially for Romania.

  5. THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL OF UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bratianu Constantin

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present some of our research results concerning the intellectual capital of universities. This is an important topic of the intellectual research area since universities are knowledge intensive organizations. They contain b

  6. Capital Punishment: An International Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Edy

    1983-01-01

    The debate over the death penalty in the United States has implications beyond our borders. Because of the lack of universal standards governing its use, only those countries which have abolished capital punishment may, with any moral authority, denounce its exploitation as an instrument of political expediency. (IS)

  7. School Cheating and Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paccagnella, Marco; Sestito, Paolo

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the relationship between social capital and cheating behaviour in standardized tests. Given the low-stakes nature of these tests, we interpret the widespread presence of cheating as a signal of low trust towards central education authorities and as lack of respect for the rule of law. We find that cheating is…

  8. Social Capital and Savings Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn; Van Den Broeck, Katleen

    We explore the extent to which social capital can play a role in imparting information about the returns to saving where potential knowledge gaps and mistrust exists. Using data from Vietnam we find strong evidence to support the hypothesis that information transmitted via reputable social...

  9. Real Assets and Capital Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Campello, M.; Giambona, E.

    2013-01-01

    We characterize the relation between asset structure and capital structure by exploiting variation in the salability of corporate assets. To establish this link, we distinguish across different assets in firms’ balance sheets (machinery, land, and buildings) and use an instrumental approach that inc

  10. Social Capital. Trust and Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek TITTENBRUN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper offers a critical analysis of the central concept around which the popular construct of social capital is organised, i.e. trust. To this end the views of Fukuyama, the leading exponent of the said concept are considered. As a result, the concept in question is found to be ideologically charged and substantively weak in many respects.

  11. Productivity spillovers of organization capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, Wen; Inklaar, Robert

    Investments in organization capital increase productivity of not just the investing firm but could also spillover to other firms-similar to investments in research and development. Recent evidence at the industry and economy level suggests such spillovers could be important. In this paper, we fail

  12. Varieties of capitalism in crisis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruff, Ian; Horn, Laura

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, we provide a brief overview of the two distinct but connected meanings of the phrase ‘varieties of capitalism in crisis’: (1) the crisis of empirical political economies under conditions of capitalist diversity; and (2) the crisis of the institutionalist...

  13. Capital productivity and the nature of competition

    OpenAIRE

    Börsch-Supan, Axel

    1997-01-01

    This paper measures capital productivity in West Germany, Japan and the United States and links capital productivity to financial performance. We show that West Germany and Japan have significantly lower levels of capital productivity than the United States, mainly due to lower capital utilization but also because less productive capacity was created per unit of physical assets. On a higher level of causality, we show that this mainly comes from less pressure from product market competition a...

  14. CRISIS FOCUS:Alert Over Capital Inflow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Emerging Asia's capital markets have posted rapid gains as the pace of economic recovery in the region has increased,drawing massive investment from overseas.Governments in emerging Asia should remain vigilant and be ready to act if volatile capital inflows threaten to destabilize the region's financial markets,said the Asia Capital Markets Monitor,Asian Development Bank's annual assessment of the performance and outlook for the region's capital markets released on May18.Edited excerpts follow:

  15. Australian adult education and its impact on diversity, social inclusion and social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROBERT TOWNSEND

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El vínculo que hay entre la población y la diversidad cultural, los procesos de inclusión social, el desarrollo del capital social y la educación de adultos es único y proporciona la oportunidad de ampliar el debate del capital social para asegurar que sea más que simple terminología retórica y política. El capital social tiene el potencial de ser un marco determinante para examinar las comunidades diversas y complejas del siglo XXI en Australia y otros lugares del mundo, y las políticas, organizaciones y prácticas que contribuyen a la inclusión y la exclusión social en el contexto de las comunidades.

  16. The effect of human capital, social capital, and perceptual values on nascent entrepreneurs' export intentions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Poul Rind; Evald, Majbritt Rostgaard; Klyver, Kim

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the influence of human capital, social capital, and cognition on nascent entrepreneurs' export intentions. The results indicate that while human capital and social capital influence the level of intended export, cognitive characteristics, such as self-efficacy and risk...

  17. Psychological Capital, Career Identity and Graduate Employability in Uganda: The Mediating Role of Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngoma, Muhammad; Dithan Ntale, Peter

    2016-01-01

    This paper seeks to evaluate the relationship between psychological capital, career identity, social capital and graduate employability. We also seek to evaluate the mediating role of social capital on the relationships between psychological capital, career identity and graduate employability in Uganda. A population of 480 unemployed young people…

  18. 77 FR 52791 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Minimum Regulatory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... incorporating aspects of the BCBS's Basel II standardized framework in the ``International Convergence of... references to credit ratings. \\5\\ See BCBS, ``International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital...'' of common equity tier 1 capital in excess of the new minimum capital requirements. \\11\\...

  19. Psychological Capital, Career Identity and Graduate Employability in Uganda: The Mediating Role of Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngoma, Muhammad; Dithan Ntale, Peter

    2016-01-01

    This paper seeks to evaluate the relationship between psychological capital, career identity, social capital and graduate employability. We also seek to evaluate the mediating role of social capital on the relationships between psychological capital, career identity and graduate employability in Uganda. A population of 480 unemployed young people…

  20. Human capital in the nursing management of hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordeiro, Ana Lúcia Arcanjo Oliveira; Fernandes, Josicélia Dumêt; Mauricio, Maria Deolinda Antunes Luz Lopes Dias; Silva, Rosana Maria de Oliveira; Barros, Claudia Silva Marinho Antunes de; Romano, Cátia Maria Costa

    2017-08-17

    To analyze how the components of human capital are used in the nursing management of hospital organizations. This was an exploratory and qualitative study. Data collection took place between October 2014 and May 2015 using semi-structured interviews. The data were analyzed according to content analysis. Twelve nurse managers participated. The components of human capital used by the nurses in personnel management were: during the hiring process, when requiring specialized education in the field and prior professional experience; when retaining talents with promotion strategies; in building capacities of professionals through support and training; and in collective work to construct processes and outcome assessment. The components of human capital need to be managed strategically with a focus on professional skills and development, with the aim of transforming individual and collective knowledge into new technology. Analisar como os componentes do capital humano são utilizados na gestão de enfermeiras em organizações hospitalares. Estudo exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa. A coleta de dados ocorreu de outubro de 2014 a maio de 2015 com a utilização de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Os dados foram analisados segundo a análise de conteúdo. Participaram 12 gestoras de enfermagem. Os componentes do capital humano utilizados pelas enfermeiras na gestão de pessoas foram: no processo admissional ao utilizar como critérios para contratação a exigência de especialização na área e experiência profissional prévia; na manutenção de talentos com estratégias de promoção; na capacitação de profissionais com apoio e treinamento; e no trabalho coletivo para a construção dos processos e avaliação dos resultados. Os componentes do capital humano precisam ser gerenciados estrategicamente com foco nas competências e no desenvolvimento do profissional, visando transformar os conhecimentos individuais e coletivos em novas tecnologias.

  1. Externalidades del capital humano en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna María Villarreal Peralta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo estima las externalidades del capital humano en México em- pleando los enfoques más utilizados en la literatura. Con el propósito de reducir el potencial sesgo de endogenedidad de la escolaridad individual y promedio rea- lizamos estimaciones con variables instrumentales. Para lo cual empleamos como instrumento de la primera la reforma educativa de 1993 que promulgó la obligatoriedad de la educación secundaria. Para la segunda utilizamos la proporción de egresados de educación media superior y superior y la estructura de la población de los estados en un periodo previo. Los resultados muestran que existe una fuer - te relación positiva y estadísticamente significativa entre experiencia, educación individual y educación promedio estatal con los salarios individuales. Asimismo, confirmamos por medio de la aplicación de los diversos enfoques a través de la coincidencia en los resultados encontrados que existen externalidades significativas del capital humano a nivel estatal en México para el periodo 2000-2010.

  2. Regulatory capital requirements and bail in mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosen, B.P.M.; Haentjens, M.; Wessels, B.

    2015-01-01

    With the introduction of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) in the European Union, the qualitative requirements for bank regulatory capital have changed. These changes aim at implementing in Europe the Basel III principles for better bank capital that is able to absorb losses of banks,

  3. The Political Economy of Capital Reallocation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Bersem; E. Perotti; E.L. von Thadden

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we develop a positive theory of capital market frictions. We focus on a political conflict that arises between citizens with different vintages of human capital. Once human capital is sunk in a firm- or sector specific technology, stakeholders will resist the emergence of newer sectors

  4. 12 CFR 615.5200 - Capital planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital planning. 615.5200 Section 615.5200 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5200 Capital planning. (a) The Board...

  5. 12 CFR 725.5 - Capital stock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital stock. 725.5 Section 725.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL LIQUIDITY FACILITY § 725.5 Capital stock. (a) The capital stock of the Facility is...

  6. The Maastricht gigantomachy capital and its models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.A.S.M. Panhuysen

    2009-01-01

    In this article a figured pillar capital with gigantomachy scenes will be discussed. This unique capital represents an iconographic curiosity with its gigantomachy representations on two opposite sides of the square block. Apollo and Moira are represented. The capital must date from the second quart

  7. INSURANCE AND THE CORPORATE COST OF CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Wieczorek-Kosmala

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to provide some support to the thesis that insurance may reduce the cost of capital in a company by influencing both the cost of capital components and the need for rising capital. The problem is here perceived from two perspectives – the classical concept related to the weighted average cost of capital (WACC and a novel concept related to the risk-based capital structure model with the total average cost of capital (TACC. The paper explains the idea of insurance as a retrospective (post-loss risk financing tool and the risk transfer mechanism upon it. As the risk financing tool insurance reduces the need for the balance-sheet capital in a company and thus the financial distress costs. Also, insurance may reduce the level of operating risk and thus influences the required returns of the capital providers. These observations allow emphasising the impact of insurance on the WACC. However, according to the novel concept of the risk-based capital structure, insurance (as a risk financing tool represents an off-balance sheet capital component. As a consequence, it extends the volume of total capital. The presented conceptual model, based on the TACC concept, indicates that large volume of insurance (the insurance sum and its relatively low cost (the insurance premium gives the possibility to the significant reduction of the cost of capital on average. The concluding remarks discuss some dilemmas over the utility of the TACC concept.

  8. Human Capital Development: A Family Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Verna

    1995-01-01

    Examines the concept of human capital as an economic construct. Suggests that human capital contributes to economic development, as do physical capital or natural resources, in that its development reinforces individuals' future economic output. Suggests that this perspective may prove useful for human service professionals because funding…

  9. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A., Ed.; Bulut, Ergin, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive capitalism--sometimes referred to as "third capitalism," after mercantilism and industrial capitalism--is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive…

  10. Measuring Social Capital Accumulation in Rural Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teilmann, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    Using a theoretical framework, the study proposes an index that can measure the social capital of local action group (LAG) projects. The index is founded on four indicators: number of ties, bridging social capital, recognition, and diversity, which are aggregated into one social capital index. The index has been tested in LAG-Djursland, Denmark,…

  11. Measuring Social Capital in Hamilton, Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison; Simone, Dylan

    2012-01-01

    Social capital has been studied by academics for more than 20 years and within the past decade there has been an explosion of growth in research linking social capital to health. This paper investigates social capital in Hamilton, Ontario by way of a telephone survey of 1,002 households in three neighbourhood groups representing high, mixed and…

  12. Building Social Capital through Outdoor Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beames, Simon; Atencio, Matthew

    2008-01-01

    Over the last 15 years, the body of literature surrounding the subject of social capital has witnessed steady growth. While sociologists have extensively discussed how social capital can be created and sustained within local communities and national contexts, there is little evidence of the social capital discourse within the outdoor education…

  13. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A., Ed.; Bulut, Ergin, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive capitalism--sometimes referred to as "third capitalism," after mercantilism and industrial capitalism--is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive capitalism…

  14. Venture Capital Initiative: Ohio's School Improvement Effort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Soonhwa; Loadman, William E.

    In 1994 the Ohio State Legislature established Venture Capital to support school restructuring. The Venture Capital school initiative is a concept borrowed from the business community in which the corporate entity provides risk capital to parts of the organization to stimulate creative ideas and to provide opportunities for local entities to try…

  15. 47 CFR 69.310 - Capital leases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Capital leases. 69.310 Section 69.310 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Apportionment of Net Investment § 69.310 Capital leases. Capital Leases in Account 2680 shall be...

  16. 47 CFR 32.4510 - Capital stock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Capital stock. 32.4510 Section 32.4510... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.4510 Capital stock. (a... received for capital stock issued and outstanding. (b) Subsidiary records shall be maintained so as to...

  17. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A., Ed.; Bulut, Ergin, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive capitalism--sometimes referred to as "third capitalism," after mercantilism and industrial capitalism--is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive…

  18. Social capital in involuntary displacement and resettlement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Navarra, M.Q.; Niehof, A.; Vaart, van der W.

    2013-01-01

    Social capital is often seen as a substitute for lack of other types of capital among poor people. Because of the recognized applicability of the social capital concept and its correlation with the different dimensions of poverty, it has been used in evaluating the adaptation and integration of invo

  19. Measuring Social Capital in Hamilton, Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchen, Peter; Williams, Allison; Simone, Dylan

    2012-01-01

    Social capital has been studied by academics for more than 20 years and within the past decade there has been an explosion of growth in research linking social capital to health. This paper investigates social capital in Hamilton, Ontario by way of a telephone survey of 1,002 households in three neighbourhood groups representing high, mixed and…

  20. Measuring Social Capital Accumulation in Rural Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teilmann, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    Using a theoretical framework, the study proposes an index that can measure the social capital of local action group (LAG) projects. The index is founded on four indicators: number of ties, bridging social capital, recognition, and diversity, which are aggregated into one social capital index. The index has been tested in LAG-Djursland, Denmark,…

  1. Regulatory capital requirements and bail in mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosen, B.P.M.; Haentjens, M.; Wessels, B.

    2015-01-01

    With the introduction of the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) in the European Union, the qualitative requirements for bank regulatory capital have changed. These changes aim at implementing in Europe the Basel III principles for better bank capital that is able to absorb losses of banks, withou

  2. Is Social Capital an Effective Smoke Condenser?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, M.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    Social capital is defined as mutual trust. It is related to production by a key hypothesis: social capital determines how easily people work together. An easy-to-use proxy (Putnam's Instrument) is the density of voluntary organizations. Social capital might be a new production factor which must b...

  3. 78 FR 1991 - Major Capital Investment Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... Capital Investment Projects; Notice of Availability of Proposed New Starts and Small Starts Policy... Part 611 RIN 2132-AB02 Major Capital Investment Projects AGENCY: Federal Transit Administration (FTA... implementation of the major capital investment program, primarily by giving the project justification criteria...

  4. Heterogeneity of Human Capital and the Return

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Strøjer

    2015-01-01

    Human capital is an important growth factor for developing and developed countries and measuring the return to education is essential in evaluating the growth impact from human capital. Most studies use the length of education measured by the years of schooling as an indicator of human capital...

  5. Information Capital and Organization's Strategy Alignment

    OpenAIRE

    Maja Djukic; Jovica Stankovic

    2005-01-01

    In digital economy very important role has information capital which produce numerous benefits and costs for organizations. But, organization capital creates grate value in an organization only if it is aligned with organization strategy. So, main management problem is being able to make alignment of information capital and organization strategy

  6. ¿Se puede recobrar el capital invertido en participaciones preferentes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Hernández, José Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza qué son las participaciones preferentes, cómo y por qué se han comercializado en España y las diversas posibilidades que ofrece el ordenamiento jurídico para intentar recuperar el capital desembolsado.

  7. Measuring Social Capital Investment: Scale Development and Examination of Links to Social Capital and Perceived Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xinguang; Wang, Peigang; Wegner, Rhiana; Gong, Jie; Fang, Xiaoyi; Kaljee, Linda

    2015-02-01

    Individuals with greater social capital have better health outcomes. Investment in social capital likely increases one's own social capital, bearing great implications for disease prevention and health promotion. In this study, the authors developed and validated the Social Capital Investment Inventory (SCII). Direct effects of social capital investment on perceived stress, and indirect effects through social capital were examined. 397 Participants from Beijing and Wuhan, China completed surveys. Analyses demonstrated that the SCII has a single factor structure and strong internal consistency. Structural equation modeling showed that individuals who invested more in social capital had greater bonding social capital, and subsequently less perceived stress. Results suggest that disease prevention and health promotion programs should consider approaches to encourage social capital investment; individuals may be able to reduce stress by increasing their investment in social capital. Future research is needed to provide additional empirical support for the SCII and observed structural relationships.

  8. Measuring Social Capital Investment: Scale Development and Examination of Links to Social Capital and Perceived Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Rhiana; Gong, Jie; Fang, Xiaoyi; Kaljee, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with greater social capital have better health outcomes. Investment in social capital likely increases one’s own social capital, bearing great implications for disease prevention and health promotion. In this study, the authors developed and validated the Social Capital Investment Inventory (SCII). Direct effects of social capital investment on perceived stress, and indirect effects through social capital were examined. 397 Participants from Beijing and Wuhan, China completed surveys. Analyses demonstrated that the SCII has a single factor structure and strong internal consistency. Structural equation modeling showed that individuals who invested more in social capital had greater bonding social capital, and subsequently less perceived stress. Results suggest that disease prevention and health promotion programs should consider approaches to encourage social capital investment; individuals may be able to reduce stress by increasing their investment in social capital. Future research is needed to provide additional empirical support for the SCII and observed structural relationships. PMID:25648725

  9. 75 FR 4635 - Risk-Based Capital Guidelines; Capital Adequacy Guidelines; Capital Maintenance: Regulatory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ... the implementation of FAS 166 and FAS 167 without any change to regulatory capital requirements... 567 Federal Reserve System 12 CFR Parts 208 and 225 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 12 CFR Part... of the Comptroller of the Currency 12 CFR Part 3 RIN 1557-AD26 FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Parts...

  10. A Model of Optimal Allocations of Physical Capital and Human Capital in Three Sectors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Shaobo; XUE Minggao

    2007-01-01

    The paper develops an endogenous economic growth model about allcation of physical and human capital in three sectors. Optimal allocation of physical capital and human capital in three sectors is derived, the fraction of physical and human capital in each sector is positively related. The balanced values and the growth rates at steady state are given under certain conditions.Finally relations between the fractions of human capital and parameters are analyzed elaborately.

  11. 13 CFR 108.230 - Private Capital for NMVC Companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Capitalizing A Nmvc Company § 108.230 Private Capital for NMVC Companies. (a) General. Private Capital means the contributed capital of a NMVC... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Private Capital for NMVC...

  12. Sobre el capital erótico como capital cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreno Pestaña, José Luis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Social theory is trying, increasingly, to reach an agreement on the body place. Particularlly, the Catherine Hakim’s thesis about erotic capital has brought to the foreground the value of the body within contemporary social hierarchies. The Hakim’s questions are connected with another set of conceptualizations that try to understand the value of the physical interaction in our societies. The first aim of this article is to discuss the model proposed by Hakim on the light of the explanatory capacity of Pierre Bourdieu’s cultural capital theory. As a second goal we wish, enlightened by a set of empirical data, to confirm if it is possible to note down links between body care, social class, age class and gender.La teoría social sigue acordando, de manera creciente, un espacio al cuerpo. Señaladamente, las tesis sobre el capital erótico de Catherine Hakim han puesto en primer plano el valor del cuerpo dentro de las jerarquías sociales contemporáneas. Las interrogaciones de Hakim resultan solidarias con otro conjunto de conceptualizaciones que intentan comprender el valor de la interacción corporal en nuestras sociedades. Discutir el modelo propuesto por Hakim a la luz de la capacidad explicativa de la teoría del capital cultural de Pierre Bourdieu es el primer objetivo de este artículo. El segundo objetivo pretende, utilizando un conjunto de datos empíricos, confirmar si pueden apuntarse vínculos entre los cuidados corporales, la clase social, la clase de edad y el género.

  13. Social capital: its constructs and survey development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enfield, Richard P; Nathaniel, Keith C

    2013-06-01

    This article reports on experiences and methods of adapting a valid adult social capital assessment to youth audiences in order to measure social capital and sense of place. The authors outline the process of adapting, revising, prepiloting, piloting, and administering a youth survey exploring young people's sense of community, involvement in the community, and the development of social capital. They then discuss the trade-offs of defining the often amorphous concepts included in social capital as they select measurement scales. The constructs used in the survey are agency, belonging, engagement, and trust for bonding, bridging, and linking forms of social capital.

  14. Social Capital, Economic Growth and Transition Economies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1998-01-01

    transactions to take place without third-party enforcement. Theory and lessons from empirical evidence lead to three general recommendations for building social capital in the future: First, the state must withdraw and minimize its role in the economy so to leave room for voluntary organization and free......Summary: What does social capital mean and how can it be built? Social capital is considered as a new production factor which must be added to the conventional concepts of human and physical capital. Social capital is productive because it increases the level of trust in a society and allows more...

  15. Does cultural capital really affect academic achievement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jæger, Mads Meier

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides new estimates of the causal effect of cultural capital on academic achievement. The author analyzes data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth – Children and Young Adults and uses a fixed effect design to address the problem of omitted variable bias which has resulted...... cultural mobility theory (cultural capital more important in low-SES environments) for indicators capturing “concerted cultivation.”...... previously reported; and (3) the effect of cultural capital varies in high- and low-SES environments. Results mostly support cultural reproduction theory (cultural capital more important in high-SES environments) for cultural capital indicators capturing familiarity with legitimate culture and mostly support...

  16. International working capital practices of Ghanaian firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Abor

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available International working capital management is important to firms frequently operating in the international market. This article investigates the international working capital practices of top Ghanaian firms involved in international trade. The objective of the study is to ascertain the extent to which Ghanaian firms use international working capital management vehicles. The article focuses on two main areas of international working capital management; international cash management and international sales and accounts receivables management. The results of this study reveal low level of use of international working capital vehicles among Ghanaian firms. Recommendations are made in this regard.

  17. Confianza, capital social y desempeño de organizaciones

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    En el marco del análisis del capital social, el presente artículo aborda el tema de los criterios apropiados para evaluar el papel de la confianza en las asociaciones civiles. Propone dos niveles: por una parte, la capacidad de estas asociaciones de generar confianza interna con rasgos cívicos y de coadyuvar al desarrollo de confianza generalizada y de actitudes y conductas cívicas; por otra parte, reflexiona sobre la conveniencia de utilizar la distinción entre diversos tipos ...

  18. Determinantes da estrutura de capital das empresas listadas na Bovespa

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Glasenapp Moraes

    2005-01-01

    Os determinantes da estrutura de capital das empresas geram pesquisas e discussões no mundo acadêmico e profissional. Algumas teorias que concorrem para dar explicações são a teoria de custos de agência, teoria do trade-off, teoria de assimetria informacional e a teoria de interação entre as empresas no mercado de competição de produtos e com fornecedores. No mercado brasileiro, alguns trabalhos analisaram variáveis explicativas dos modelos de custos de agência, trade-off e assimetria informa...

  19. Revelación de informaciones sobre capital estructural organizativo de los bancos en Brasil y España

    OpenAIRE

    Edila Eudemia Herrera Rodríguez; Clea Beatriz Macagnan

    2016-01-01

    El estudio analiza las características que motivan la revelación voluntaria sobre intangibles representativos de capital estructural organizativo de las organizaciones bancarias inscritas en las bolsas de valores: de Brasil y Espa ̃ na. La contabilidad tradicional no se acerca al valor real de las organizaciones, obtenido por su capital intangible. Para mitigar la marcada diferencia entre el valor contable y el precio de mercado de estas organizaciones, ha surgido la tendencia a revelar info...

  20. EL CAPITAL SOCIAL COOPERATIVO EN DERECHO ESPAÑOL Y SU ARMONIZACIÓN CON LAS NORMAS INTERNACIONALES DE CONTABILIDAD/CO-OPERATIVE SHARE CAPITAL IN THE SPANISH LAW AND ITS HARMONIZATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

    OpenAIRE

    Paniagua Zurera, Manuel

    2006-01-01

    La variabilidad del capital social es el instrumento técnico empleado por el Derecho cooperativo, nacional y comunitario, para dar cumplimiento al principio cooperativo de libre adhesión y baja voluntaria. Progresivamente, el régimen del capital social cooperativo ha incorporado reglas y técnicas de las sociedades mercantiles de capital. La norma interpretativa CINIIF 2, y la propia NIC 32, desconocen las singularidades del modelo de organización empresarial cooperativo, pues están diseñadas ...

  1. Banco de Alimentos Sesc Pernambuco: estudo da geração de capital social e do seu processo de institucionalização

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Gonçalves Lins, Silze

    2004-01-01

    Esta dissertação analisa como se deu a geração de capital social no processo de institucionalização do Banco de Alimentos Sesc Pernambuco, na perspectiva de seus stakeholders. Para este fim, conforme a revisão de literatura, o estudo utiliza o modelo misto de análise do processo de institucionalização e de formação do capital social. No modelo predomina a abordagem de Tolbert e Zucker (1999) e as categorias estrutural e cognitiva do capital social de Uphoff (2000). O capital so...

  2. Is Social Capital an Effective Smoke Condenser?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, M.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    Social capital is defined as mutual trust. It is related to production by a key hypothesis: social capital determines how easily people work together. An easy-to-use proxy (Putnam's Instrument) is the density of voluntary organizations. Social capital might be a new production factor which must...... be added to human and physical capital, or it might enter as a reduction in either transaction or monitoring costs. A direct and an indirect way to measure social capital are discussed. The crucial question is if social capital can be changed. That is, if self enforcement can replace third party...... enforcement, and it is discussed how much harm totalitarian regimes do to social capital, when they expand their area of central control....

  3. PENGEMBANGAN HUMAN CAPITAL DALAM KONTEKS MODAL SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widodo Widodo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Rural Banks/BPR have a vitality and sustainability of business if they are able to create a unique advantagethat is superior in terms of customer information and business environment surrounding besides functioningas an intermediary institution. But in Semarang credit quality is still in the high risk level that is above themaximum limit of 5%. The condition is caused by the integration of human capital and social capital that isnot optimal. Therefore, this article aims to examine the model of human capital development so that it canimprove the performance of organization within the context of social capital. Retrieval method uses purposivesampling with 120 total samples. Later analysis technique uses Structural Equation Modelling (SEM throughthe group management data which is processed based on high and low social capital. The study shows that thecontext of high social capital moderates the structure of the equation that affects human capital on organizationalperformance

  4. State and social capital in Latin America: In which way the features and actions of the State explain the social capital levels in Latin America? Estado y capital social en América Latina: ¿En qué medida las características y comportamientos del estado explican los niveles de capital social en la región?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cecilia GÜEMES

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available By focusing on the importance of social capital to development, this paper examines the role of the State and Public Policy in the creation of social capital. After a brief summary about social capital definitions, weakness and usefulness, its relevance to development and its problematic creation, the paper pays specific attention to the role of the State as a promoter of social capital. Second we bear out the empiric links between State performance and social capital in Latin America. Then, we use state’s efficacy indicators, variables traditionally associated with welfare stat (especially public spending and inequality and interpersonal trust. We finish by pointing the previous findings and shedding light in order to continue the research about social capital reproduction.El presente trabajo se propone indagar en qué medida el Estado y las políticas públicas son capaces de potenciar la creación del capital social. Tras reseñar la importancia del capital social para el desarrollo, los debates en torno a su definición, sus debilidades y sus promesas, la primera parte de este artículo se centra en su problemática reproducción, prestando especial atención al papel del Estado y las políticas públicas como catalizadores o promotores del mismo. En vista a ello, la segunda parte del trabajo propone una modesta aproximación empírica a la correlación entre Estado y capital social en el contexto de América Latina. Se utilizan al efecto indicadores de desempeño/eficacia estatal, otros asociados al bienestar social (principalmente gasto público y desigualdad y percepciones ciudadanas en referencia a la confianza interpersonal. Se concluye retomando los resultados del abordaje empírico y proponiendo futuras líneas de problematización en la materia.

  5. Capital Markets Union for Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringe, Georg

    2015-01-01

    The merits of the “Capital Markets Union” project lie with its political importance, rather than its legal coherence or significance. Despite a number of substantial flaws, the initiation of this project comes at the right time. The Commission first and foremost sends a political message to the U...... and other non-Euro Member States, as well as a commitment to the Single Market.......The merits of the “Capital Markets Union” project lie with its political importance, rather than its legal coherence or significance. Despite a number of substantial flaws, the initiation of this project comes at the right time. The Commission first and foremost sends a political message to the UK...

  6. Academic Words and Academic Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Billig

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper suggests that it is the best and worst of times for academic work. It is the best of times because there are more academics publishing than ever before. It is the worst of times because there is much unnecessary publication. Working in the competitive conditions of academic capitalism, academics feel impelled to keep publishing, whether or not they have anything to say. The pressures to publish continually and to promote one’s own approach are reflected in the way that social scientists are writing. Academics use a noun-based technical language, which is less precise than ordinary language. Postgraduates are taught this way of writing as a precondition for entering the social sciences. In this way, the nature of academic capitalism not only determines the conditions under which academics are working but it affects the way that they are writing.

  7. MAPPING EUROPEAN CAPITAL MARKETS TENDENCIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Avadanei

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The scope of this paper is to analyze the main tendencies influencing European capitalmarkets development. In order to point out their implications, we structured our study onfour chapters. The first one illustrates the consolidation of stock exchanges at the Europeanlevel; the seconds presents some considerations about the deregulation/re-regulation of EUcapital markets; the third section highlights the globalization implications on their evolutionand the fourth one indicates the effects of financial innovation. The progressive integrationof European capital markets over the past decade contributed to the lowering of capital costas a result of increased risk diversification opportunities and reduced transaction costs dueto the specialization of financial system provisions. Moreover, the expansion of thesemarkets improved firms financing decisions, leading to an increased share of non-bankfunding sources.

  8. INTERDEPENDENCE OF INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana Baresa

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available World financial centers have an impact on the economies around the world. This particularly applies for the U.S. equity market. Transactions which are performed on the U.S. market define market trends in most of the world's financial markets, the only question that arises “is to what extent”. Purpose of this research is to define and quantify the relationship of the U.S. capital markets, and market equity securities selected on world stock markets. This research will explain the concept of capital markets, its divisions and legislation. The research part is based on quantifying relationship of the U.S. equity market index on the indices of the London Stock Exchange, the Tokyo Stock Exchange and the Zagreb Stock Exchange.

  9. Human Capital and Organizational Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Julieta Josan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The new organizational changes caused by social, economic and politic reforms led to a shift in the strategic management of the companies. The growing need for professionals, who know how to generate profits, is growing and increase confidence of partners and clients, find new ideas and adapt to a dynamic market. Therefore, internally, we need an efficient management of human resources to find and retain the most suitable and efficient people which will increase productivity and face the increased acting globally competition. Currently, companies that succeed are the ones that integrate in their business strategy, an important component of development and valuation human capital. The paper aims to analyze and highlight the importance of human capital in the new organizational strategies, focused on achieving a high level of competitiveness, innovation and excellence.

  10. From Finance Capitalism to Financialization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Per H.

    2014-01-01

    In this article I interpret 150 years of financial history with a focus on shifts in the role of finance in society. I argue that over time the role of finance has shifted twice from that of servant to that of master of society, and that this process has been driven by sense making through narrat...... narratives that legitimized and shaped these changes. When finance became a master rent seeking, cultural capture and out-of control financial innovation resulted in financial and social instability. Finance as a master was the characteristic of finance capitalism from around 1900......–1931 and of financialization from around 1980 to today. Finance capitalism and financialization were enabled by a dominant narrative that legitimized the power of finance. The shifts in the role of finance happened when crises undermined the meaning of the existing narrative and created for a new narrative able to make sense...

  11. Share capitalism and worker wellbeing().

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryson, Alex; Clark, Andrew E; Freeman, Richard B; Green, Colin P

    2016-10-01

    We show that worker wellbeing is determined not only by the amount of compensation workers receive but also by how compensation is determined. While previous theoretical and empirical work has often been preoccupied with individual performance-related pay, we find that the receipt of a range of group-performance schemes (profit shares, group bonuses and share ownership) is associated with higher job satisfaction. This holds conditional on wage levels, so that pay methods are associated with greater job satisfaction in addition to that coming from higher wages. We use a variety of methods to control for unobserved individual and job-specific characteristics. We suggest that half of the share-capitalism effect is accounted for by employees reciprocating for the "gift"; we also show that share capitalism helps dampen the negative wellbeing effects of what we typically think of as "bad" aspects of job quality.

  12. Capital budgeting practices in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo de Andrés

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to shed further light on the capital budgeting techniques used by Spanish companies. Our paper posits that the gap between theory and practice might be related to the nature of sources of value and to the efficiency of mechanisms aligning managerial and shareholder incentives, rather than to resource restrictions or model misinterpretation. We analyze data from a survey conducted in 2011, the final sample comprising 140 non-financial Spanish firms. Our findings show a behaviour pattern similar to that reported in prior research for firms in other countries. Particularly noteworthy is that payback appears to be the most widely used tool, while real options are used relatively little. Our results confirm that size and industry are related to the frequency of use of certain capital budgeting techniques. Further, we find that the relevance of growth opportunities and flexibility is an important factor explaining the use of real options.

  13. Human Capital, Fertility and Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Galor, Oded

    2006-01-01

    The demographic transition that swept the world in the past 140 years has been identified as one of the prime forces in the transition from stagnation to growth. The unprecedented increase in population growth during the early stages of industrialization was ultimately reversed. The rise in the demand for human capital in the second phase of industrialization brought about a significant reduction in fertility rates and population growth in various regions of the world, enabling economies to c...

  14. Do Central Banks Need Capital?

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Stella

    1997-01-01

    Central banks may operate perfectly well without capital as conventionally defined. A large negative net worth, however, is likely to compromise central bank independence and interfere with its ability to attain policy objectives. If society values an independent central bank capable of effectively implementing monetary policy, recapitalization may become essential. Proper accounting practice in determining central bank profit or loss and rules governing the transfer of the central bank’s ope...

  15. Capital psicológico positivo: validación del cuestionario PCQ en España

    OpenAIRE

    Garazi Azanza; África J. Domínguez; Juan A. Moriano; Fernando J. Molero

    2014-01-01

    En este estudio se describe el constructo de capital psicológico positivo (Luthans y Youssef, 2004) y la validación en España de un instrumento para medirlo: el PCQ (Psychological Capital Questionnaire). Este cuestionario mide cuatro aspectos diferentes, aunque relacionados entre sí, del concepto más amplio de capital psicológico. Estos aspectos son la autoeficacia, la esperanza, el optimismo y la resiliencia. Los resultados obtenidos (N = 372) a través del modelado de ecuaciones estructurale...

  16. Determinantes de la estructura de capital de los establecimientos de crédito en Colombia: 1992-2003

    OpenAIRE

    Iván Alejandro Durán Díaz

    2005-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es analizar qué factores determinan la estructura de capital de los establecimientos de crédito en Colombia. Con este fin se hace una revisión de la literatura existente en torno al tema y, asumiendo que se cumple la hipótesis propuesta en algunas teorías de que existe una estructura de capital óptima, se implementa un modelo de optimización de un establecimiento de crédito representativo para observar cómo afectan estos factores a dicha estructura de capital ópt...

  17. Dois ensaios sobre a acumulação de capital físico no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Barros Neto, Gilberto da Silveira

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: A literatura internacional aponta para uma relativa disparidade na razão capital-trabalho entre países. Por outro lado, não existem grandes fluxos de capitais no mercado internacional que apontem a possibilidade de uma equalização do capital por trabalhador entre os países no futuro próximo. Tal evidência também é encontrada no Brasil: observa-se grande desigualdade do capital por trabalhador entre as regiões, estados e municípios. Uma hipótese é que existem fatores complementares ao ...

  18. Firearm prevalence and social capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemenway, D; Kennedy, B P; Kawachi, I; Putnam, R D

    2001-10-01

    Previous studies have shown a correlation between measures of social capital and morbidity, mortality, and violent crime. This article examines the association across U.S. states between social capital (as measured by mutual trust and civic engagement) and firearm availability. The analysis uses OLS to determine degrees of association across U.S. states. Measures of mutual trust come from responses to questions on the U.S. General Social Survey that "you can't be too careful in dealing with people," and most people "would try to take advantage of you." Measures of formal civic engagement come from responses to Lifestyle Survey questions concerning times volunteered, club meetings attended, community projects worked on, and church services attended. Informal civic engagement measures come from responses to number of times bowled, played cards, entertained at home, and gave or attended dinner parties, and number of greeting cards sent. The Lifestyle Survey also asked whether respondent believed whether "most people are honest." The percentage of suicides from firearms, and the average percentage of suicides and homicides from firearms, are used as proxies for state firearm ownership rates. Control variables are the degree of urbanization, the rates of poverty, and the percentage of nonwhites in the state. Across the U.S. states, higher levels of firearm ownership are associated with significantly lower levels of mutual trust and civic engagement. While the analysis cannot show causation, states with heavily armed civilians are also states with low levels of social capital.

  19. The Opportunity Cost of Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman Chit PhD

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The opportunity cost of the capital invested in pharmaceutical research and development (R&D to bring a new drug to market makes up as much as half the total cost. However, the literature on the cost of pharmaceutical R&D is mixed on how, exactly, one should calculate this “hidden” cost. Some authors attempt to adopt models from the field of finance, whereas other prominent authors dismiss this practice as biased, arguing that it artificially inflates the R&D cost to justify higher prices for pharmaceuticals. In this article, we examine the arguments made by both sides of the debate and then explain the cost of capital concept and describe in detail how this value is calculated. Given the significant contribution of the cost of capital to the overall cost of new drug R&D, a clear understanding of the concept is critical for policy makers, investors, and those involved directly in the R&D.

  20. Determinantes de la estructura de capital de los establecimientos de crédito en Colombia: 1992-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Alejandro Durán Díaz

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es analizar qué factores determinan la estructura de capital de los establecimientos de crédito en Colombia. Con este fin se hace una revisión de la literatura existente en torno al tema y, asumiendo que se cumple la hipótesis propuesta en algunas teorías de que existe una estructura de capital óptima, se implementa un modelo de optimización de un establecimiento de crédito representativo para observar cómo afectan estos factores a dicha estructura de capital óptima. Adicionalmente, se corre un modelo de panel de datos dinámico para contrastar los resultados teóricos con la evidencia empírica para los establecimientos de crédito colombianos. Finalmente se postulan algunas conclusiones sobre los resultados encontrados

  1. ANÁLISE DE INDICADORES DE CAPITAL INTELECTUAL: ESTUDO DE CASO EM UMA EMPRESA ATACADISTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Oliveira Marques

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available No cenário atual, chamado a era da informação, o valor das empresas reside no conhecimento e inovação que os colaboradores agregam na produção de bens e serviços, esse valor consiste em potencializar atributos que desenvolvam o capital intelectual nas organizações, ferramenta que se tem tornado crucial para uma posição competitiva no mercado. A contabilidade tem enfatizado em seus últimos pronunciamentos a importância da inserção dos ativos intangíveis para se chegar ao valor monetário real das empresas. Diante disso o objetivo deste trabalho consiste em identificar o uso de indicadores de capital intelectual no Atacadão Distribuição, Comércio e Serviços Ltda. Esta pesquisa se embasou em um estudo de caso, onde se pode observar que a empresa precisa dar maior ênfase a seu capital humano, pois as ações desenvolvidas não estão atingindo uma boa parcela de colaboradores. O capital estrutural e relacional que também integram o Capital Intelectual, na percepção dos colaboradores, estão sendo desenvolvidos na organização.

  2. Oportunismo como determinante da estrutura de capital: Um estudo de caso em nanotecnologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena de Cassia Rocha

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A discussão sobre os determinantes da estrutura de capital é algo que vem sendo realizado há algum tempo. Contudo, é observado uma lacuna a respeito do tema em empresas de nanotecnologia, assim como trabalhos que enfoquem a ideia do oportunismo como determinante da estrutura de capital. Sendo assim, o presente artigo traz uma discussão sobre a ideia do oportunismo como determinante da estrutura de capital em empresas de nanotecnologia no Brasil. Para tal, foi realizado um estudo de caso abordando aspectos ligados a estrutura de capital adotada, a verificação da utilização de determinadas teorias sobre o tema e a relevância de algumas fontes. Foi observado que a empresa analisada utiliza a ideia do oportunismo como determinante da estrutura de capital devido aos fatores relacionados ao custo das fontes e as exigências por parte dos credores. Assim, em momentos em que os custos e as exigências são aceitáveis, para a empresa, se opta por tais fontes.

  3. ANÁLISE DE INDICADORES DE CAPITAL INTELECTUAL: ESTUDO DE CASO EM UMA EMPRESA ATACADISTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Oliveira Marques

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available No cenário atual, chamado a era da informação, o valor das empresas reside no conhecimento e inovação que os colaboradores agregam na produção de bens e serviços, esse valor consiste em potencializar atributos que desenvolvam o capital intelectual nas organizações, ferramenta que se tem tornado crucial para uma posição competitiva no mercado. A contabilidade tem enfatizado em seus últimos pronunciamentos a importância da inserção dos ativos intangíveis para se chegar ao valor monetário real das empresas. Diante disso o objetivo deste trabalho consiste em identificar o uso de indicadores de capital intelectual no Atacadão Distribuição, Comércio e Serviços Ltda. Esta pesquisa se embasou em um estudo de caso, onde se pode observar que a empresa precisa dar maior ênfase a seu capital humano, pois as ações desenvolvidas não estão atingindo uma boa parcela de colaboradores. O capital estrutural e relacional que também integram o Capital Intelectual, na percepção dos colaboradores, estão sendo desenvolvidos na organização.

  4. Entradas de capital: el papel de los controles

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    Dennis B. S. Reinhardt

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito analiza el manejo de las entradas de capital en los mercados emergentes. Revisa las principales herramientas de política, incluidas la política fiscal y monetaria, la política cambiaria, la intervención en el mercado de cambios, la regulación prudencial doméstica y los controles al capital. Una conclusión clave es que si la economía funciona cerca del potencial, el nivel de reservas es adecuado, la tasa de cambio no está subvaluada y es probable que las entradas sean transitorias, el uso de controles al capital –además de la política prudencial y macroeconómica– se justifica como parte del conjunto de herramientas de política para manejar las entradas. La evidencia de la crisis actual sugiere que los controles encaminados a lograr una estructura de obligaciones externas menos riesgosa redujeron la fragilidad financiera y aumentaron la resiliencia ante caídas del crecimiento.

  5. El costo promedio ponderado de capital en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Beltrán Rodríguez

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El presente escrito tiene como objeto exponer la importancia de la conformación financiera y el costo de capital en las diferentes líneas de financiación de la empresa y el rendimiento que los ahorradores exigen por ceder su liquidez durante un período de tiempo dado. El objetivo de las finanzas (Gerente General o Gerente Financiero es maximizar el valor de la empresa. Para lograrlo, las finanzas han desarrollado elementos teóricos y prácticos para medir el costo de los recursos utilizados por los negocios, esos métodos serán explicados en el presente escrito.

  6. Índice de controle de capitais: uma análise da legislação e seu impacto sobre o fluxo de capital no Brasil no período 1990-2000

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    Maria Cristina Terra

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Cardoso e Goldfajn (1997 constroem um índice de controle de capital para o Brasil para o período de 1988 a 1995, e estudam o efeito do índice sobre o fluxo de capitais. Este trabalho se propõe a construir o índice apresentado naquele trabalho para o período de 1990 a 2000, e estudar, em termos quantitativos, a influência deste índice sobre os fluxos de capitais. Foram analisados cerca de 200 principais normativos editados pelo Banco Central e Ministério da Fazenda, referentes a controle de capital no período 1990-2000. O período foi marcado pela liberalização do fluxo de capital, com alguns subperíodos nos quais houve restrição principalmente à saída de capital. Os resultados empíricos mostram que o índice de controle de capital, bem como desvios da paridade coberta de juros, o Plano Real e os efeitos provocados pelas crises mexicana, asiática e russa foram fatores determinantes para explicar o fluxo de capital total entre 1990 e 2000.Cardoso and Goldfajn (1997 build an index of capital control for Brazil for the period 1988 to 1995, and they study the impact of the index on the capital flows. This paper computes the same index for the period 1990-2000 and analyzes, quantitavely, the impact of this index on capital flows. The period studied was characterized by the liberalization of capital flows, with a few sub-periods where restriction were imposed, specially to capital outflows. The empirical results show that the capital control index helps explaining the total capital flows between 1990 and 2000, together with deviation from covered interest parity, the Real Stabilization Plan, and the impact of the Mexican, Asian and Russian crises.

  7. Social Capital Impact On Service Supply Chains

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    Sherry L. Avery

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – This study explores the impact of social capital on service firm supply chains.Design/methodology/approach – The theoretical underpinnings of social capital is reviewed from various disciplines, including sociology, management, and operations management.  This is used to develop a conceptual model of the use of social capital in a service supply chain setting.Findings - Social capital is proposed to improve the operational performance of service firms as a source of both physical and information resources.    The impact of social capital is projected to vary by firm size and service type.  Small firms have limited resources and thus a need for resources obtained through social capital.  Service firms that have high customization and customer contact are subject to process variations which can be mitigated by social capital.  A conceptual model is presented to test several propositions related to social capital.Originality/value – The impact of social capital has not been widely studied in an operational setting.  This is the first known study to specifically analyze the impact of social capital in service supply chains.

  8. Where's the capital? A geographical essay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Gareth A

    2014-12-01

    This paper is inspired by Thomas Piketty's book Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Piketty does a wonderful job of tracing income and wealth over time, and relating changes to trends of economic and population growth, and drawing out the implications for inequality, inheritance and even democracy. But, he says relatively little about where capital is located, how capital accumulation in one place relies on activities elsewhere, how capital is urbanized with advanced capitalism and what life is like in spaces without capital. This paper asks 'where is the geography in Capital' or 'where is the geography of capital in Capital'? Following Piketty's lead, the paper develops its analysis through a number of important novels. It examines, first, the debate that Jane Austen ignored colonialism and slavery in her treatment of nineteenth century Britain, second, how Balzac and then Zola provide insight to the urban political economy of capital later in the century, and third, how Katherine Boo attends to inequality as the everyday suffering of the poor.

  9. Social capital, economics, and health: new evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheffler, Richard M; Brown, Timothy T

    2008-10-01

    In introducing this Special Issue on Social Capital and Health, this article tracks the popularization of the term and sheds light on the controversy surrounding the term and its definitions. It sets out four mechanisms that link social capital with health: making information available to community members, impacting social norms, enhancing the health care services and their accessibility in a community, and offering psychosocial support networks. Approaches to the measurement of social capital include the Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey (SCCBS) developed by Robert Putnam, and the Petris Social Capital Index (PSCI), which looks at community voluntary organizations using public data available for the entire United States. The article defines community social capital (CSC) as the extent and density of trust, cooperation, and associational links and activity within a given population. Four articles on CSC are introduced in two categories: those that address behaviors -- particularly utilization of health services and use of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs; and those that look at links between social capital and physical or mental health. Policy implications include: funding and/or tax subsidies that would support the creation of social capital; laws and regulations; and generation of enthusiasm among communities and leaders to develop social capital. The next steps in the research programme are to continue testing the mechanisms; to look for natural experiments; and to find better public policies to foster social capital.

  10. Ideologias do capital humano e do capital social: da integração à inserção e ao conformismo Human capital and social capital ideologies: from integration to insertion and conformism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia Cardoso da Motta

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as alterações operadas nas abordagens de políticas públicas para os países de 'capitalismo dependente', na virada do século, conduzidas pelos principais organismos multilaterais e materializadas nas 'políticas de desenvolvimento do milênio' (PDMs. Identifica-se que neste conjunto de políticas foram introduzidas novas bases ideológicas calcadas na 'teoria do capital social' de Robert Putnam. No âmbito da educação, compreende-se que esse processo de ajuste vai deflagrar uma nova etapa de rejuvenescimento da ideologia do capital humano que alarga as atribuições da escola e restringe a dimensão política que insere a ação pedagógica. A tese apresentada é que as PDMs são mecanismos de hegemonia de função de direção intelectual e moral, com ações concretas e definições de metas focadas nas camadas de trabalhadores 'excluídos' do processo produtivo, mas que ainda possuem condições produtivas, com a finalidade de instaurar um processo mais intensivo de educar para o conformismo. Toma-se como base de análise categorias de Gramsci.This article analyzes the changes the main multilateral agencies made, in the turn of the century, to the public policy approaches in countries where there was 'dependent capitalism,' changes materialized in the 'millennium development policies' (MDP. It is noticeable that new ideological bases, underpinned by Robert Putnam's 'social capital theory,' were introduced in these policies. In the realms of education, it is thought this adjustment process will trigger a new stage of renewal of the human capital ideology, one that increases the attributions of the school and limits the political dimension that inserts pedagogic action. The thesis is that the MDPs are intellectually- and morally-driven function hegemony mechanisms, with concrete actions and goal definitions focused on the tiers of workers who are 'excluded' from the productive process but, none-theless, are still able

  11. The role of life cycle on the firm’s capital structure = El papel del ciclo de vida en la estructura de capital de la empresa

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    Castro Paula

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we adopt a dynamic standpoint to contribute to the debate on how and why firms choose their capital structure. Using the Dickinson’s (2011 life cycle stages of firms, based on the distinction between operating, investing and financing cash flow types, we examine the different behavior of the traditionally found explanatory variables across the stages. Taking a wide sample of public companies form UK, Germany, France and Spain, we find that the capital structure explanatory factors evolve across the life cycle stages, changing or rebalancing the prevalence of the static models in play, i.e. trade-off, pecking order, or market timing. En este trabajo, adoptamos un punto de vista dinámico para contribuir al debate sobre cómo y por qué eligen las empresas su estructura de capital. Utilizamos el modelo de Dickinson (2011 sobre etapas del ciclo de vida de las empresas, basado en la distinción entre flujos de efectivo operativos, de inversión y financieros, para analizar las diferencias de comportamiento en las distintas etapas de las variables que tradicionalmente se han encontrado significativas para explicar la estructura de capital. Sobre una amplia muestra de empresas cotizadas de Alemania, España, Francia y el Reino Unido, encontramos que los factores explicativos de la estructura de capital evolucionan a lo largo de las etapas del ciclo de vida, de manera que va cambiando la prevalencia de las teorías estáticas en competencia, equilibrio, jerarquía y oportunidad de mercado.

  12. Los flujos de capital y el Estado en Colombia The capital inflows and the State in Colombia

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    Kalmanovitz Salomón

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo hace un breve análisis de los flujos de capital hacia América Latina durante el último lustro, atraídos por economías menos intervenidas por el Estado, más abiertas al comercio internacional, más estables y equilibradas en sus variables macroeconómicas fundamentales. Seguidamente se examina la economía colombiana en los aspectos de crecimiento, inflación, agregados externos, monetarios y fiscales para concluir la apreciación del peso causada por la repatriación de capitales y las expectativas sobre una nueva bonanza petrolera hacen más difícil el desarrollo de la producción de bienes transables en el país.This paper analyses briefly capital inflows in Latin America duringthe last five years which were attracted by less state intervention,more openness to international trade and more stable economies in their macro variables.Next, the paper examines the Colombian economy in themes such asgrowth, inflation, external and fiscal balances, to conclude that the appreciation of the peso, caused by the capital inflow and the expectations of a new oil boom, makes it more difficult to developthe development of tradable within the country.

  13. Medición del capital humano de la empresa: el caso Efigas

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    Cristhian Guillermo Naranjo Herrera

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. El presente documento tiene dos objetivos: presentar un instrumento mediante el cual las organizaciones puedan medir su capital humano y proporcionar evidencia empírica sobre el capital humano en la empresa Efigas S.A. E.S.P, en el marco conceptual del capital intelectual. Metodología. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo y descriptivo, de corte empírico-analítico, desarrollado bajo la metodología del estudio de caso, mediante el cual se identificó, midió y analizó el capital humano de Efigas en tres periodos anuales sucesivos. Resultados. Las organizaciones, como en el caso de Efigas, pueden medir cuantitativamente su capital humano y, por esta vía, comprender su dinámica, para optimizar la gestión de sus activos intangibles. En la empresa estudiada, el capital humano constituye una fortaleza, dado el alto nivel de experiencia, formación, satisfacción y competencias de su personal y su correcta utilización en pro del funcionamiento y los resultados del negocio.

  14. Impacto del capital intelectual en facultades de negocios de las universidades públicas

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    José Raúl Robles Cortez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre las ventajas competitivas de las empresas se encuentra el capital intelectual, formado por una serie de factores que generalmente han sido denominados como activos intangibles, incorporados en prácticas, procesos, competencias, saberes, y destrezas de las personas, en culturas e infraestructuras organizacionales y relacionales. Sin embargo, es un reto la formación de capital intelectual tomando en consideración su aspecto intangible, en el contexto de los nuevos modos de determinación del conocimiento. El presente trabajo de investigación pretende analizar la importancia del capital intelectual en la gestión de las universidades públicas. Identificar el capital humano que poseen sus académicos e investigadores, teniendo presente la contribución en la producción científica. Asimismo, se busca la contribución de las investigaciones en México que proponen instrumentos de gestión de capital intelectual que mejoren su aporte a la sociedad. La adopción de programas de medición y gestión del capital intelectual constituye una opción estratégica para resaltar los resultados.

  15. CONSTANT LEVERAGE AND CONSTANT COST OF CAPITAL: A COMMON KNOWLEDGE HALF-TRUTH

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    IGNACIO VÉLEZ-PAREJA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Un enfoque típico para valorar flujos de caja finitos es suponer que el endeudamiento es constante (generalmente como un endeudamiento objetivo o deseado y que por tanto, el costo del patrimonio, Ke y el costo promedio ponderado de capital CPPC, también son constantes. Para los flujos de caja perpetuos, y con el costo de la deuda, Kd como la tasa de descuento para el ahorro en impuestos o escudo fiscal, Ke y el CPPC aplicado al flujo de caja libre FCL son constantes si el endeudamiento es constante. Sin embargo esto no es verdad para los flujos de caja finitos. En este documento mostramos que para flujos de caja finitos, Ke y por lo tanto el CPPC dependen de la tasa de descuento que se utiliza para valorar el ahorro en impuestos, AI y según lo esperado, Ke y el CPPC no son constantes con Kd como la tasa de descuento para el ahorro en impuestos, aunque el endeudamiento sea constante. Ilustramos esta situación con un ejemplo simple. Analizamos cinco métodos: el flujo de caja descontado, FCD, usando APV, el FCD y la formulación tradicional y general del CPPC, el valor presente del flujo de caja del accionista, FCA más deuda y el flujo de caja de capital, FCC.

  16. El mecanismo de control del capital de las empresas ferroviarias a partir de la Ley Mitre

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    JORGE EDUARDO WADDELL

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available La ley Mitre de 1907 estableció una nueva política ferroviaria que básicamente consistía en que los ferrocarriles sean explotados por empresas privadas, mayoritariamente británicas, y que las mismas sean rentables para remunerar el capital y para seguir invirtiendo en el sistema. La ley le daba algunas ventajas a las empresas pero establecía la intervención en las tarifas en caso de que la rentabilidad alcanzase determinado índice durante tres años. Por ello para el cálculo de la tasa de rentabilidad era imprescindible fijar el capital invertido por las empresas. La Dirección de Ferrocarriles era el organismo encargado de esta tarea. El estudio del capital comenzó en 1908 y avanzó hasta 1910. Los ejercicios de 1911 y 1912 se trabaron en una discusión sobre partidas que debían excluirse y a partir de allí no hubo interés ni del gobierno ni de las empresas de establecer el capital lo que se hizo con bastante tardanza y casi para llenar una formalidad. El artículo analiza el funcionamiento de este mecanismo en el Ferrocarril del Sud y en cuatro otras empresas. Abstract The law Mitre 1907 established a new railway policy, which basically consisted of railways operated by private companies, mainly British, and they are profitable to remunerate the capital and to continue to invest in the system. The law of gave some advantages to companies but established intervention rates where profitability reached certain index over three years. So for the calculation of the rate of return was essential to fix the capital invested by the companies. The railway Bureau was the body responsible for the task. The study of capital began in 1908 and advanced until 1910. 1911 And 1912 exercises developed into a discussion of items that should be excluded, and from there, there was no interest neither the Government nor the companies to establish the capital what was done with considerable delay and almost to fill a formality. The paper analyses the

  17. Cultural Capital and Teaching Ability Rating

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jæger, Mads Meier

    This paper studies the effect of cultural capital on teachers’ ratings of children’s oral and math ability. Cultural reproduction theory hypothesises that, holding everything else constant, children who possess cultural capital are more likely to be perceived by teachers as gifted than children who...... do not possess cultural capital. This paper uses extremely rich longitudinal data that provides a better basis than previous studies for holding ‘everything else’ constant. In addition to children and parents’ cultural capital, I control for children’s actual academic ability, physical appearance......, health impairments, social behaviour, antenatal influences, and many family background characteristics. My analysis shows, first, that both children and parents’ cultural capital have independent effects on teacher ability ratings. Second, for oral ability I find that parents’ cultural capital ‘protects...

  18. Cultural Capital and Teaching Ability Rating

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jæger, Mads Meier

    , health impairments, social behaviour, antenatal influences, and many family background characteristics. My analysis shows, first, that both children and parents’ cultural capital have independent effects on teacher ability ratings. Second, for oral ability I find that parents’ cultural capital ‘protects......This paper studies the effect of cultural capital on teachers’ ratings of children’s oral and math ability. Cultural reproduction theory hypothesises that, holding everything else constant, children who possess cultural capital are more likely to be perceived by teachers as gifted than children who...... do not possess cultural capital. This paper uses extremely rich longitudinal data that provides a better basis than previous studies for holding ‘everything else’ constant. In addition to children and parents’ cultural capital, I control for children’s actual academic ability, physical appearance...

  19. Changing Endogenous Development: the Territorial Capital

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    Balázs István Tóth

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze territorial capital as a new paradigm to make best use of endogenous assets. The study is dealing with the preconditions, meaning and possible theoretical taxonomies of territorial capital. In this study I emphasize that the cumulative effects of regional potentials are more important than economies of scale and location factors. I present different approaches and interpretations of territorial capital, then make an attempt to create an own model. I try to find answers for questions, such as why territorial capital shows a new perspective of urban and regional development; how cognitive elements of territorial capital provide increasing return; how territorial capital influences competitiveness and what kind of relation it has with cohesion.

  20. Mengukur Kontribusi Human Capital terhadap Tujuan Perusahaan

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    Brata Wibawa Djojo

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Human capital is a valuable asset of any company, especially for competent human resources and contributes both to the company. The performance evaluation given to employees annually can be defined and standardized by the company. However, the question is how big the contribution of human resources to sales and profit contribution is. Case studies take data from one branch of a general insurance company in Indonesia, Jakarta branch. Measurement is done by taking samples of data from 2007, 2008, and 2009. The study measures the risk of several components: (i Human Capital Revenue Factor, (ii Human Economic Value Added, (iii Human Capital Cost Factor, (iv Human Capital Value Added, and (v Human Capital Return on Investment. Results of research can provide guidelines for the management, especially for management of JLI in view of Human Capital contribution to corporate objectives, namely in terms of staffing and agency. 

  1. Measuring Social Capital Accumulation in Rural Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teilmann, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    Using a theoretical framework, the study proposes an index that can measure the social capital of local action group (LAG) projects. The index is founded on four indicators: number of ties, bridging social capital, recognition, and diversity, which are aggregated into one social capital index....... The index has been tested in LAG-Djursland, Denmark, and the study further investigates whether the organisational affiliation, project financing, and LAG co-financing can explain the degree of social capital accumulation. Furthermore, the author has tested if there are connections between motivation...... for pursuing development projects similar to those implemented previously and the degree of social capital. The paper concludes that there are indications that projects hosted by municipalities tend to show the most social capital, there is no connection between the amount of project financing and social...

  2. Global capital markets: An updated profile

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    Filipović Miroslava

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available More than two decades after the beginning of the financial revolution globalization of capital flows still attracts considerable attention, from both practitioners and academics. The aim of this paper is to contribute to understanding of some aspects of the global capital scene, as well as to emphasize certain developments which might illustrate its changing profile. Several fundamental perspectives profile the global capital market. A quantitative review provides a sense of sheer volumes, trends, origins and destinations of capital flows; an assessment of the global capital market’s degree of integration follows. The emergence of new (types of actors is another important aspect of the global processes, while illustrations of new market products and emerging segments may add new perspectives on the profile of the global capital market. Finally, the paper concludes with a brief overview of digitalization of the financial supply chain.

  3. An Economic Viewpoint on Capitalism Bashing

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    Burnete Sorin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I discuss two long disputed notions: that capitalism without crises is a fallacy respectively that capitalism bashing, however severe, will not endanger the system itself. Yet proving both is not an easy task since the capitalism issue has always been a cupellation of theory, ideology and political precepts, which are controversial and hard to disentangle. That capitalism detractors are numberless is a truism. Yet criticism against capitalism, however fierce, has always been clearly delineated. Not any more: globalization has rendered the picture dangerously fuzzy. It is now hard to ascertain whether someone who will harangue about the ostensible evils of globalization is also a declared anti-capitalist. The blend of capitalism and globalization seems to be pure dynamite.

  4. ANALYSIS OF THE CAPITAL MARKET IN CROATIA

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    Maja Buljat

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis that began in 2008 in the USA turned into a global economic crisis in a short time. As such, it had a big impact on the financial stability of Croatia, primarily on capital market. Capital market includes securities trading, primarily stocks and bonds, whose market value is influenced by the market capitalization of capital market and vice versa. Macro economically, market capitalization had an influence on the fall in the value of the entire capital market, and micro economically, it had an influence on the fall of the prices of stocks, bonds and other financial instruments of companies. The volume of trade decreased, but there was an increase in the number of transactions. In other words, people traded more and in smaller quantities. Therefore, the risk increased, and investors became more cautious.

  5. Social disclosure e custo de capital próprio em companhias abertas no Brasil

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    Rodrigo de Souza Gonçalves

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa tem por objetivo analisar a relação entre o nível de social disclosure e o custo de capital próprio em companhias abertas no Brasil. Assume-se a hipótese de que os programas sociais externos promovidos ou apoiados pelas empresas contribuem para a construção da imagem reputacional das organizações, compensando as externalidades, trazendo benefícios sob o ponto de vista econômico, pela relação negativa com o custo do capital. Para testar essa hipótese, foram coletados e analisados os relatórios de responsabilidade social de 83 empresas listadas na Bolsa de Valores, Mercadorias e Futuros de São Paulo (BM, no período de 2005 a 2009. Para avaliação do nível de social disclosure das empresas analisadas, foi utilizado um índice composto de 13 indicadores. O custo de capital próprio foi ajustado ao risco mediante o Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM e testado por meio de regressão com dados em painel com efeitos fixos seccionais. Os resultados evidenciam que há relação negativa entre custo de capital próprio e nível de social disclosure, indicando, para o mercado acionário brasileiro, uma forma semiforte de eficiência de mercado.

  6. Corporate Social Capital and Public Relations : Capital Accumulation by Social Relationship and Rethinking the Definition of Public Relations

    OpenAIRE

    北見, 幸一

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses Corporate Social Capital and Public Relations. This paper overviewed the Social Capital studies, especially early studies in sociology field, proposed the framework to evaluate Social Capital in a capital. Social Capital has the merit to reduce transaction costs, and should be clearly positioned as a component of capital of corporation. Using the concept of the Corporate Social Capital, to rethink the definition of Public Relations, this paper proposed the following defin...

  7. Piketty's capital and social policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piachaud, David

    2014-12-01

    Piketty's Capital (2014) primarily describes and analyses changes in the distribution of wealth and annual incomes. This paper focuses on his policy proposals that make up Part Four of the book. Piketty defends the 'social state' but he discusses it largely in terms of distribution and redistribution between tax units. This neglects the important role of social policy in promoting recognition and redistribution of income and opportunities that is related to gender, race, disability and sexual orientation. Nor does Piketty consider inequalities in health which effect life-time incomes, nor the impact of housing policies on house prices and the distribution of wealth. It is argued that Piketty's approach to social security is simplistic and plays down the complexity of competing policy goals. On taxation, Piketty defends progressive taxation and proposes a global capital levy. The latter proposal runs into formidable problems in seeking global taxation in a world of nation states. Rather than seeking a policy that is, for the foreseeable future, wholly politically impractical, a case is made for less idealistic but more practical and urgent tax coordination between nations to address the widespread avoidance of taxation that large corporations and the very wealthy are now permitted - taxation on which the future of the social state depends. The importance of human and social capital, which are largely set aside by Piketty, are discussed. Finally,it is argued that his approach to policy is to describe trends and propose amelioration of growing inequality rather than to identify causes of the trends and propose policies that might address the causes. Nevertheless, the importance of his work in bringing issues of inequality to the fore, especially among economists, is recognized and applauded.

  8. The Capitalism, Rent and Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor S. Martyanov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available By inertia, which derives from Adam Smith, modern capitalism is described as a free-market competition. This historical model has worked while the market expands and the availability of resources increases. It provided the opportunity to maintain the political order of the welfare state as a form of non-economic egalitarian distribution of resources, which mitigates inequality and class antagonisms generated by market. However, once capitalism has engulfed the whole world, it is more prone to crises: competition intensifies, markets of demand and market outlets do not expand, technological progress creates a growing structural unemployment, economic growth due to the completion of the global village-city transition stagnates, the resources of all the peripheries are almost exhausted. As a result, nationalism and protectionism arise, the polarization between the global center and the periphery increases, and there comes the image of undemocratic and non-egalitarian labor less society on the horizon of the future, with the precariat and the unemployed growing in numbers and demanding large amounts of rent to maintain their livelihoods. Due to this, the market model of capitalism is gradually transforming into a rental one, where the pursuit of profit, the main motivational factor intrinsic to the market, is removed by the pursuit of rent and the redistribution of markets by non-economic ways. In this context, the state becomes the key economic actor, which distributes resources by extra-market means within the hierarchy of rental groups that form the framework of a new structure of the political community.

  9. THE IMPORTANCE OF CAPITAL MARKET IN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alin Marius Andrieş

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available All participants in capital markets are asking how to finance investments or to invest money available. The answer to these questions depends on the situation you have: deficit or surplus capital. This article addresses issues concerning the place and role of capital market within the financial markets and in financing investments, trying to highlight the growing importance of this subsystem, shown both to economic agents and to all categories of investors.

  10. Social capital formation : a poverty reducing strategy?

    OpenAIRE

    Øyen, Else

    2002-01-01

    From the symposium: Social Capital Formation in Poverty Reduction: Which role for the Civil Society Organizations and the State? - on 28 June 2000 in Geneva The title of the symposium is "Social Capital Formation in Poverty Reduction: Which Role for Civil Society Organizations and the State?". The emphasis here is on poverty and whether poverty reduction can be obtained through a strategy of increased social capital. The emphasis is not on social development in general or the b...

  11. EMERGING CAPITAL MARKETS: OPPORTUNITIES AND LIMITS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FELICIA RAMONA BIRAU

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This theoretical study examines the concept of emerging capital markets in Europe from the border between certain opportunities and limits. The financial architecture of emerging capital markets has certain characteristics such as a high degree of instability and a sharp level of illiquidity which exposed the vulnerability of this particular type of market. Emerging capital market represents a main characteristic of developing countries and they are less efficient than the developed market given their deep functional, structural and institutional dysfunctions.

  12. Capitalizing Central Banks: A Net Worth Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Alain Ize

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides a simple, quantitative, net worth-based, approach to assessing the need for central bank capital. It derives a concept of "core capital" (a function of the central bank's operating expenditures and the carrying cost of its international reserves) as the minimum capital needed by a central bank to ensure the credibility of its inflation target. The approach is illustrated with the published accounts of three loss-making central banks and selected accounting entries for a br...

  13. Simulated annealing algorithm for optimal capital growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yong; Zhu, Bo; Tang, Yong

    2014-08-01

    We investigate the problem of dynamic optimal capital growth of a portfolio. A general framework that one strives to maximize the expected logarithm utility of long term growth rate was developed. Exact optimization algorithms run into difficulties in this framework and this motivates the investigation of applying simulated annealing optimized algorithm to optimize the capital growth of a given portfolio. Empirical results with real financial data indicate that the approach is inspiring for capital growth portfolio.

  14. The Positive and Negative Social Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Rohman, Arif

    2014-01-01

    Social capital can be useful when cooperation for mutual benefit can be facilitated by social network and norms of reciprocity (Putnam, 2000:21). In this context, both individuals and organisations agree to mobilise joint resources to achieve common outcomes which are more efficient and productive. However, the concept of social capital is not always positive.This article will discuss positive and negative social capital.

  15. Capital financing in an uncertain future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widmayer, T G

    1980-10-01

    A critical test of the hospital's ability to survive will be its ability to raise capital in private debt markets as traditional funding sources (philanthropy and government) continue to shrink. This article assesses the impact of inflation and recession on hospital capital financing and investment, describes what a commercial banker looks for in evaluating a hospital's ability to borrow, and suggests a role for trustees in meeting the hospital's capital needs.

  16. Rawlsian justice and welfare-state capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Yuen, Ho-yin; 袁浩然

    2014-01-01

    Rawls emphasizes in his later writings that his theory of justice as fairness is not a defense of welfare-state capitalism. He argues that welfare-state capitalism cannot be an acceptable regime for justice as fairness because its ideal institutional description fails to satisfy the two principles of justice in various ways. Against Rawls, I argue in this thesis that his rejection of welfare-state capitalism is not justified. I begin by clarifying an ambiguity regarding what arrangements...

  17. Venture Capital Contracting Under Asymmetric Information

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey Trester

    1993-01-01

    The author develops a model of venture capital contracting in which the entrepreneur and venture capitalist contract under symmetric information. A condition of asymmetric information may arise subsequent to the first contract. The author shows that this condition makes debt contracts infeasible and leads to the use of preferred equity contracts. The author notes that discussions of the relation between venture capital and capital structure are rare. This paper expands the literature by addre...

  18. Impression management as symbolic capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lueg, Klarissa; Nielsen, Camilla

    2015-01-01

    Social Network Sites (SNS) play an increasingly important role in the European business world, especially with respect to cross-cultural impression management. Departing from the Bourdieusian concept of “capital,” this paper analyzes the differences in the use of two popular business SNS: XING...... in Germany and LinkedIn in Denmark. We summarize those differences and relate them to different cultural contexts and impression management practices. Our sample consists of Danish Higher Executives (HEs)/managers (e.g., CEOs) and companies that have profiles on both SNS, thus reaching out to both the German...

  19. APPLICATION OF COST OF CAPITAL FOR CAPITAL STRUCTURING IN CROATIAN FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvije Orsag

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper show result of empirical analysis application of cost of capital for capital structuring in Croatian firms. Intensity of this applications is highly unrespectable because Croatian firms usually calculated cost of capital in their capital budgeting process. Analysis also show low inconsistency of Croatian firm’s capital structures with peaking order theory. The paper shows that Croatian firm’s employ debt in their capital structure close to the debt equity ratio 1:1, with the significant portion of trade credit and short term bank credits. This short term liabilities are greater than 60% of total used debt in analyzing firms. Finally, paper shows that with degree of using the cost of capital in capital structuring rise profitability of analyzing firms.

  20. Legal-Ease:Total Investment Capital & Registered Capital Allocations in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With the Chinese Government, on a regional basis, specifying “minimum amounts” for registered capital contributions in order to establish foreign-invested enterprises in China, and with a similar occurrence concerning total invested capital requirements,