WorldWideScience

Sample records for cancer working party

  1. Report of the ITER Council's Ways and Means Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beginning in 1988 and continuing through 1990, the four Parties involved, under the auspices of the IAEA, have been cooperating in the ITER Conceptual Design Activities. In order to develop ways and means to comply with the objective of the cooperation, a Working Party was chartered by the Council in July, 1989. This report contains the outcome of the Working Party's effort to fulfil the Council's charge and subsequent additional guidance, which are also given in this document. 2 figs, 13 tabs

  2. Monday (after work) is party time!

    CERN Document Server

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    In this interview with Hermann Schmickler, CERN accelerator expert and, more recently, manager of the Open Day organising team, the Bulletin looks behind the scenes of the organisation of CERN’s most popular events for the public.  After the huge endeavour, the “Bosons&More” party awaits you too!   The Open Days core team. “In the early days of the preparations when we still had some spare time, we decided to take photos in two different dress codes to illustrate the spirit of “Bosons&More”: formal evening dress and festival type clothes,” says Herman Schmickler. What will your dress code be on Monday evening?   When Hermann is asked “what did you like best” about this whole adventure, he has no hesitation: “The team,” he says. “We have a wonderful team of very motivated people.” Let’s make a rough calculation: the core team compris...

  3. Recommendations for implementing stereotactic radiotherapy in peripheral stage IA non-small cell lung cancer: report from the Quality Assurance Working Party of the randomised phase III ROSEL study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A phase III multi-centre randomised trial (ROSEL) has been initiated to establish the role of stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with operable stage IA lung cancer. Due to rapid changes in radiotherapy technology and evolving techniques for image-guided delivery, guidelines had to be developed in order to ensure uniformity in implementation of stereotactic radiotherapy in this multi-centre study. A Quality Assurance Working Party was formed by radiation oncologists and clinical physicists from both academic as well as non-academic hospitals that had already implemented stereotactic radiotherapy for lung cancer. A literature survey was conducted and consensus meetings were held in which both the knowledge from the literature and clinical experience were pooled. In addition, a planning study was performed in 26 stage I patients, of which 22 were stage 1A, in order to develop and evaluate the planning guidelines. Plans were optimised according to parameters adopted from RTOG trials using both an algorithm with a simple homogeneity correction (Type A) and a more advanced algorithm (Type B). Dose conformity requirements were then formulated based on these results. Based on current literature and expert experience, guidelines were formulated for this phase III study of stereotactic radiotherapy versus surgery. These guidelines can serve to facilitate the design of future multi-centre clinical trials of stereotactic radiotherapy in other patient groups and aid a more uniform implementation of this technique outside clinical trials

  4. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party: October 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries submited to the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) from March to September 2011.

  5. Progress report for 1988/89 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report covers progress in the area of ILW Product Evaluation. This work is a continuation of a generic study programme directed by the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party. The objective of the programme was to evaluate potential waste products arising from the treatment of ILW. (author)

  6. Progress report for 1986 from the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper covers progress during 1986 under the joint BNFL/MOD/DoE funded PCM Working Party studying the management, treatment and immobilization of plutonium contaminated materials. Development is reported under each of seven main programme headings including reduction of arisings, Pu measurement, decommissioning and non-combustible PCM treatment, liquid effluent treatment, sorting and packaging, PCM immobilisation and engineering objectives. (author)

  7. Progress report for 1985/86 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party (WTDWP) covered the areas of: ILW Product Evaluation, ILW and HLW Disposal Studies and ILW and HLW Quality Checking. The objectives of the programme were to evaluate potential waste products arising from the treatment of ILW, and to develop appropriate techniques which could be used to check the quality of the finished waste product. (author)

  8. Towards Open Access Publishing in High Energy Physics Report of the SCOAP3 Working Party

    CERN Document Server

    Bianco, S; Ferreira, P; Friend, F; Gargiulo, P; Hanania, R; Henrot-Versillé, S; Holtkamp, A; Igo-Kemenes, P; Jarroux-Declais, D; Jordão, M; Kämper, B-C; Krause, J; Lagrange, T; Le Diberder, F R; Lemasurier, A; Lengenfelder, A; Lindqvist, C M; Mele, S; Plaszczynski, S; Schimmer, R; Vigen, Jens; Voss, R; Wilbers, M; Yeomans, J; Zioutas, K

    2007-01-01

    This Report concerns the implementation of a process today supported by leading actors from the particle physics community, and worked through in detail by members of an international Working Party. The initiative offers an opportunity for the cost-effective dissemination of high-quality research articles in particle physics, enabling use of the new technologies of e-Science across the literature of High Energy physics.

  9. On the Sources of Establishment-selective Work of the Bolshevik Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasily P. Pashin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on the archive materials from the funds of the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History, periodical publications of the 1920s and official Bolshevik Party documents, the article strives to analyze main directions in the search for creation of the nation-wide system for selection and appointment of executive staff. It shows the work of the Uchraspredotdel (Registration and Distribution Office of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks in its attempt to manage quality selection of staff by way of distribution, appointment and mobilization, and the transgression from the quantitative registration of all Communists to the registration based on application forms. The article also demonstrates the failure of the idea that all Bolshevik party members are potential organizers and leaders. It studies objective and subjective reasons for failures in the first attempts to select “responsible officials” on the nation-wide scale. The article also characterizes activity and opinions of a number of executives in their approaches towards creation of organization-selective work and their attitudes to it. It reveals the persistent aspiration of the Bolshevik Party to establish personal responsibility of the appointed executives, for the directive decisions, of its central authorities, which they take and implement.

  10. Progress report for 1982/83 from the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report falls under the headings: introduction (definitions of plutonium contaminated materials (PCM)); organisation and role of the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party; management practices in relation to PCM; 1982/1983 Progress Report (engineering objectives; reduction of PCM arisings; plutonium measurement; development of treatment processes; decommissioning and non-combustible PCM treatment; washing of shredded combustible PCM; PCM immobilisation; liquid effluent treatment; actinide chemistry); programme management. (U.K.)

  11. REPORT OF THE WORKING PARTY ON THE ACCESSION OF CHINA (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    7.Pricing Policies 50. Some members of the Working Party noted that China had made extensive use of price controls, for example in the agricultural sector. Those members requested that China undertake specific commitments concerning its system of state pricing. In particular, those members stated that China should allow prices for traded goods and services in every sector to be determined by market forces, and multi-tier pricing practices for such goods and services should be eliminated. Those members n...

  12. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - October 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the last meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) held in March 2011. This paper provides an overview of energy efficiency developments across all sectors, but is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries.

  13. Papers Presented to the 7th Session of the EIFAC Working Party on Eel

    OpenAIRE

    Moriarty, C.

    1992-01-01

    The Seventh Session of the Working Party on Eel of the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission was held in the Royal Hospital, Killmainham, Dublin. A list of the peer-reviewed papers and abstracts of other presentations to the session are given below. -- I M Domingos: Fluctuation of glass eel migration in the Mondego estuary (Portugal) in 1988 and 1989. -- Daniel Guerault, Raymonde Lecomte-Finiger, Yves Desaunay, Sylvie Biagianti-Risbourg, Pierre Beillois and Patrick Grellier: Glass ee...

  14. The Tri- Party Partnership: An Investigation into the Existing Support Structures within a DIT Work Placement

    OpenAIRE

    Meakin, Kerry; Keane, Órla

    2015-01-01

    The readiness of students entering the workforce upon graduating has been widely researched in Ireland, and a student work placement that is embedded in the curriculum is commonly recognised as a crucial mechanism that is key to preparing graduates for the ‘real world’. In this particular study, the voice of many key parties are captured, including the students themselves, members of the academic department who coordinate the programme, and the industry partners. Recommendations are made base...

  15. Working during cancer treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or two people you trust. They might have ideas of how to share the news with your other coworkers. Decide in advance how much information you want to share. The right amount will depend on you and your work culture. Be matter of fact when you share the ...

  16. 浅析独立学院党建工作信息化%Independent institute party building work information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓川

    2014-01-01

    Party construction of informatization is the inevitable trend in the development of party construction. Information for independent college party construction is not only the opportunity, is also a challenge. In this article, through analyzing the current situation of independent college party construction informationization, exploration with characteristic of independent institute party building work informatization construction.%党建工作信息化是党建工作发展的必然趋势。信息化对于独立学院党建工作而言既是机遇,也是挑战。本文通过对独立学院党建工作信息化现状的分析,探索具有独立学院特色的党建工作信息化建设思路。

  17. Work stress and risk of cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heikkilä, Katriina; Nyberg, Solja T; Theorell, Töres;

    2013-01-01

    To investigate whether work related stress, measured and defined as job strain, is associated with the overall risk of cancer and the risk of colorectal, lung, breast, or prostate cancers.......To investigate whether work related stress, measured and defined as job strain, is associated with the overall risk of cancer and the risk of colorectal, lung, breast, or prostate cancers....

  18. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - January 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of the January 2010 Country Report Summary is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the previous meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) held in September 2009. This paper is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries. In all of the country reports received, there is evidence of significant energy efficiency policy action. The most significant observations from these country reports cover three areas. The first is that the spending focus on energy efficiency seen in the previous two country reports (31 March and 15 September 2009) appears largely unchanged, and is still concentrated in the building sector. Second, countries are actively undertaking analysis and public consultation to plan for future projects. Third, many countries reported activity taking place in the area of fiscal policy, from amendments to new fiscal measures.

  19. Basic concept of common reactor physics code systems. Final report of working party on common reactor physics code systems (CCS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A working party was organized for two years (2001-2002) on common reactor physics code systems under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics of JAERI. This final report is compilation of activity of the working party on common reactor physics code systems during two years. Objectives of the working party is to clarify basic concept of common reactor physics code systems to improve convenience of reactor physics code systems for reactor physics researchers in Japan on their various field of research and development activities. We have held four meetings during 2 years, investigated status of reactor physics code systems and innovative software technologies, and discussed basic concept of common reactor physics code systems. (author)

  20. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - September 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the last meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP)1 held in January 2010. This paper provides an overview of energy efficiency developments across all sectors, but is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries. At the request of the EEWP, this issue of the country report summary focuses primarily on transport. Countries reported a wide range of energy efficiency policy activity. Compared with past reports, energy efficiency policy planning seems to be giving way to programme implementation in the buildings, lighting and appliances sectors. Planning and implementation is underway in the transport sector. Measures in the transport sector are diverse and include financial support for electric vehicle R&D and pilot projects, fiscal policies to encourage the purchase of efficient vehicles, eco-drive programmes and vehicle labelling. Measures of note outside the transport sector include the promotion of smart metering.

  1. International Energy Agency (IEA) Working Party on Energy Conservation Research and Development. Annual report, 1976--1977

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-08-01

    This annual report of the IEA Working Party on energy conservation described briefly the background and objectives of each project area, the status of its implementing agreement, its organizational structure, and current activities. The Committee on Energy R and D has established 15 working areas: biomass conversion; coal technology; conservation R and D; energy R and D strategy; fusion; geothermal; high-temperature reactors for process heat; hydrogen; nuclear safety; ocean thermal energy conversion; radioactive waste management; small solar power systems; solar energy; wave power; and wind power. Presently, the Working Party has implementing agreements and is working in 7 areas: buildings and community systems; building complexes; ekistics; combustion; energy cascading; heat pumps; and heat transfer. (MCW)

  2. Progress report for 1983/84 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint BNFL/DOE funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject is covered in paragraphs: introduction (arisings of intermediate-level radioactive waste); organisation and role of the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party; main objectives (to provide data on intermediate-level waste treatment systems and allow assessment of alternative processes); ILW process and flowsheeting studies; ILW product evaluation. (U.K.)

  3. Intermediate Level Waste Research Programme: Progress report for 1986/87 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering Joint Funded Work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party (WTDWP) covered the areas of: ILW Product Evaluation; ILW and HLW Disposal Studies, and ILW and HLW Quality Checking. The objectives of the programme were to evaluate potential waste products arising from the treatment of ILW/HLW, and to develop appropriate techniques which could be used to check the quality of the finished waste product. (author)

  4. Use and Impact of Informal Third-Party Discussions in Interpersonal Conflicts at Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkema, Roger J.; Bergmann, Thomas J.; Farquhar, Katherine

    1997-01-01

    States that interpersonal conflicts in the workplace frequently involve conversations with coworkers and outsiders. Examines informal third-party discussions in the workplace, as described by 396 professionals attending graduate business programs and executive seminars. Indicates that conflict intensity and relative power are likely to affect the…

  5. REPORT OF THE WORKING PARTY ON THE ACCESSION OF CHINA (Ⅴ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    283.The representative of China stated that Article 10 of the Anti-unfair Competition Law provided that a business operator must not infringe upon trade secrets.Under the same Article.obtaining,using or disclosing another's trade secrets by a third party who clearly knew or ouqht to have known that the case fell under the unlawful acts listed in the preceding paragraph was deemed infringement upon trade secrets.Trade secrets referred to any technology information or business operation information which ...

  6. Summary Record of the Twenty-Sixth Meeting of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. This document is the executive summary of WPEC's 26. meeting held in 2014. It presents a brief review of the 2 days meeting in particular the Reports on experimental activities in Europe, Japan, USA and China, the Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects (ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, TENDL) with the discussion of future plans, the Review of final or near-final subgroup reports, the Status of ongoing subgroups, the Proposals for new subgroups and some information about Conferences and meetings of interest to the nuclear data community. A list of participants and a list of reports presented at this meeting are attached in appendix

  7. Progress report for 1984/85 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint BNFL/DOE funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The progress report from the waste treatment and disposal working party is concerned with the management of intermediate-level radioactive waste arising from dismantled fuel assemblies, cladding removed from fuel cans, sludges from fuel cladding corrosion, flocs from liquid waste, ion exchange resins and solid wastes generated during reprocessing. It is proposed that these wastes be incorporated in a matrix for safe transport, storage and disposal and the objectives of the study are to evaluate waste products arising from the treatment of ILWS and to develop techniques to check the quality of the finished waste product. (UK)

  8. Designing a new structure for storing nuclear data. Progress of the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation subgroup #38

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattoon, C. M.; Beck, B. R.

    2015-12-01

    An international effort is underway to design a new structure for storing and using nuclear reaction data, with the goal of eventually replacing the current standard, ENDF-6 (see the formats manual at http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/csewg/docs/endf-manual.pdf). This effort, organized by the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation, was initiated in 2012 and has resulted in a list of requirements and specifications for how the proposed new structure shall perform. The new structure will take advantage of new developments in computational tools, using a nested hierarchy to store data. The structure can be stored in text form (such as an XML file) for human readability and data sharing, or it can be stored in binary to optimize data access. In this paper, we present the progress towards completing the requirements, specifications and implementation of the new structure.

  9. Data sharing in stem cell translational science: policy statement by the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bredenoord, Annelien L; Mostert, Menno; Isasi, Rosario; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2015-01-01

    Data and sample sharing constitute a scientific and ethical imperative but need to be conducted in a responsible manner in order to protect individual interests as well as maintain public trust. In 2014, the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) adopted a common Framework for Responsible Sharing of Genomic and Health-Related Data. The GA4GH Framework is applicable to data sharing in the stem cell field, however, interpretation is required so as to provide guidance for this specific context. In this paper, the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party discusses those principles that are specific to translational stem cell science, including engagement, data quality and safety, privacy, security and confidentiality, risk-benefit analysis and sustainability.

  10. Designing a new structure for storing nuclear data. Progress of the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation subgroup 38

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattoon, C.M.; Beck, B.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-12-15

    An international effort is underway to design a new structure for storing and using nuclear reaction data, with the goal of eventually replacing the current standard, ENDF-6 (see the formats manual at http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/csewg/docs/endf-manual.pdf). This effort, organized by the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation, was initiated in 2012 and has resulted in a list of requirements and specifications for how the proposed new structure shall perform. The new structure will take advantage of new developments in computational tools, using a nested hierarchy to store data. The structure can be stored in text form (such as an XML file) for human readability and data sharing, or it can be stored in binary to optimize data access. In this paper, we present the progress towards completing the requirements, specifications and implementation of the new structure. (orig.)

  11. Production and processing of covariance data for nuclear applications by the Working Party on International Evaluation Nuclear Data Cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The implementation of various nuclear technologies largely depends on computer simulations using nuclear data. The reliability of such calculations cannot be determined without precise knowledge of the uncertainties and related correlations associated with the basic nuclear data reported in the evaluated cross-section libraries. Scarcity of such information motivated establishment of the two international projects within the framework of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC). The first project, WPEC Subgroup 24, is dedicated to the development of new methods for covariance data evaluation in the fast neutron region and the second project, WPEC Subgroup 28, on resonance region covariance processing methods to prepare covariance data libraries for sensitivity/uncertainty analyses. The goals and current achievements of both projects are reviewed. (authors)

  12. Publishing SNP genotypes of human embryonic stem cell lines: policy statement of the International Stem Cell Forum Ethics Working Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knoppers, Bartha M; Isasi, Rosario; Benvenisty, Nissim; Kim, Ock-Joo; Lomax, Geoffrey; Morris, Clive; Murray, Thomas H; Lee, Eng Hin; Perry, Margery; Richardson, Genevra; Sipp, Douglas; Tanner, Klaus; Wahlström, Jan; de Wert, Guido; Zeng, Fanyi

    2011-09-01

    Novel methods and associated tools permitting individual identification in publicly accessible SNP databases have become a debatable issue. There is growing concern that current technical and ethical safeguards to protect the identities of donors could be insufficient. In the context of human embryonic stem cell research, there are no studies focusing on the probability that an hESC line donor could be identified by analyzing published SNP profiles and associated genotypic and phenotypic information. We present the International Stem Cell Forum (ISCF) Ethics Working Party's Policy Statement on "Publishing SNP Genotypes of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines (hESC)". The Statement prospectively addresses issues surrounding the publication of genotypic data and associated annotations of hESC lines in open access databases. It proposes a balanced approach between the goals of open science and data sharing with the respect for fundamental bioethical principles (autonomy, privacy, beneficence, justice and research merit and integrity).

  13. An Analysis on the Lack of the Party Construction Work of College Students%高校大学生党建工作不足探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴燕端

    2013-01-01

    The party construction work of college students is the important part of party construction work. It is a very complicated system engineering, It plays a very important role for the maintenance of the stability of colleges and universities, in promoting the school spirit, and the construction of the style of study. The overall situation of current college students party construction work is solid and productive. But with the expansion of enrollment and the effects of factors such as social transformation, party construction work of college students does exist many problems which in a certain extent influence the development of higher education. The author reflects and analysed on the problems existing in the current university student's party building work, wishes that the party workers in carrying out the work of party building of college students can be an antidote against the disease, and then provide some reference for better development of College Students' Party construction.%  高校大学生党建工作是党建工作的重要组织部分,是一项非常复杂的系统工程,它对于维护高校稳定,促进高校的校风、学风建设等方面起着十分重要的作用,就当前高校大学生党建工作的总体情况而言,工作是扎实的、富有成效的。但是,随着高校扩招,社会转型等因素的影响,高校大学生党建工作确实存在不少的问题,并且这些问题在一定程度上影响着高校教育事业的发展,笔者反思了当前大学生党建工作中存在的现实问题,并对此问题进行了分析,希望通过问题的提出,使党建工作者在开展大学生党建工作时能对症下药,为大学生党建工作的更好开展提供一些参考。

  14. ERA—European Radiochemists Association: Report on the activities of the Working Party for Nuclear and Radiochemistry of the Federation of European Chemical Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolar, Z. I.; Ware, A. R.

    2003-01-01

    The European Radiochemists Association started almost simultaneously with the appearance of the first issue of the Radiochemistry in Europe newsletter in August 1995. The objective of the European Radiochemists Association (ERA) is to extend and improve communication between radiochemists in Europe through a newsletter. Liaison persons within each country or group exchange details of their activities, set up a diary of relevant international events and exchange details of specialist equipment, facilities and technology. In the year 2000 the Federation of European Chemical Societies decided to form a working party on nuclear and radiochemistry. It is a formalisation of the European Radiochemists Association. Each chemical society is allowed to nominate a member to the Working Party on Nuclear and Radiochemistry. Currently we have 12 nominated members plus two invited and one observer. In addition to the ERA aims and objectives it proposes to put together a syllabus of radiochemistry for undergraduate and post-graduate students—this aspect has been a part of our support of the International Atomic Energy Agency initiative. Also the aim of the working party is to support other working parties and divisions, to press the Federation of the European Chemical Societies for financial structure. To this end an Expression of Interest has been tabled with the Framework 6 Programme for networking within radiochemistry in Europe. The WP will liaise with the International Isotope Society and the International Society on Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry and Biology to seek to communicate and to consider ways of working together.

  15. Activity report of working party on reactor physics of accelerator-driven system. July 1999 to March 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    Under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics, the Working Party on Reactor Physics of Accelerator-Driven System (ADS-WP) was set in July 1999 to review and investigate special subjects related to reactor physics research for the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System (ADS). The ADS-WP, at the first meeting, discussed a guideline of its activity for two years and decided to concentrate upon three subjects: (1) neutron transport calculations in high energy range, (2) static and kinetic (safety-related) characteristics of subcritical system, and (3) system design including ADS concepts and elemental technology developments required. The activity of ADS-WP continued from July 1999 to March 2001. In this duration, the members of ADS-WP met together four times and discussed the above subjects. In addition, the ADS-WP conducted a questionnaire on requests and proposals for the plan of Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility in the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, which is a joint project between JAERI and KEK (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization). This report summarizes the results obtained by the above ADS-WP activity. (author)

  16. Memory Without Parties or Parties Without Memory?

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Mario Solís Delgadillo

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the role of political parties in Argentina, Chile and Guatemala in relation to the implementation of public policies of memory after the return to democracy in each of these countries. To do this, we discuss the concept of memory and the problems of memorial obsession. We consider the uses and abuses of memory that human rights organizations manifest on the subject, and examine the work of the parties about the level of adaptation that allows claims of human rights movemen...

  17. Why do parties change position? Party organization and environmental incentives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Schumacher; C.E. de Vries; B. Vis

    2013-01-01

    What motivates parties to change their positions? Earlier studies demonstrate that parties change their position in response to environmental incentives, such as voter shifts. Yet, this work also suggests that parties differ in their responses. What accounts for this variation? We argue and empirica

  18. 论党的作风建设“新常态”%On the"New Normal"of Construction of the Party's Working Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋成会

    2015-01-01

    As the development of "new normal" ideas and thinking,the "new normal" provides a new perspective to the study of the Party's working style construction.The CPC Central Committee of the new term takes the construction of working style as an important point of work start and has adopted a series of powerful new measures,put forward some new ideas of the construction of the Party and inject new momentum into the Party's working style construction and lead the construction of Par-ty's working style to a"new normal":the Party's working style construction being often strengthened,the ideological style being transformed;carrying forward the style of hard work and plain living and setting up the bottom line thinking;adherence to the"Eight Provisions",and the leadership setting an example;maintaining close ties with the masses,and emphasizing the core link;exercising rigid regulations and controlling the leader teams;and tightening the cage of system,and constructing a fundamental guarantee.%随着“新常态”的理念和思维的发展,“新常态”为党的作风建设的研究提供了新视角。新一届党中央把加强作风建设作为工作开局的重要切入点,采取了一系列强有力的新措施,提出了党风建设的新观点,为党的作风建设注入了新动力,使党的作风建设进入“新常态”:常补精神之“钙”,转变思想作风;发扬艰苦奋斗,树立底线思维;严守“八项规定”,领导作出表率;密切联系群众,抓实核心环节;落实“三严三实”,管好干部队伍;扎紧制度笼子,构筑根本保障。

  19. Work Disability Associated with Cancer Survivorship and Other Chronic Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Short, Pamela Farley; Vasey, Joseph J; Belue, Rhonda

    2008-01-01

    The long-term effects of cancer and its treatment on employment and productivity are a major concern for the 40% of cancer survivors in the U.S. who are working age. This study’s objectives were (1) to quantify the increase in work disability attributable to cancer in a cohort of adult survivors who were an average of 46 months post-diagnosis and (2) to compare disability rates in cancer survivors to individuals with other chronic conditions. Data from the Penn State Cancer Survivor Study (PS...

  20. Construction of Long-term Mechanism of Party Building Work in Independent Colleges——Thinking of Party Building Work in Guangxi Independent Colleage%独立院校党建工作长效机制的构建——基于广西独立学院党建工作的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金飞

    2011-01-01

    独立学院作为我国高等教育体系中的一支新生力量,由于办学机制的独特性,使得其在党建工作方面还存在着体制不完善、经验缺失、力量薄弱等一系列问题。因此,要提高独立学院党建工作的效能,提升基层党组织的战斗堡垒作用,办出适应独立学院发展的党建工作特色,建构独立学院党建工作的长效机制显得尤为重要和迫切。%Independent Colleges of higher education system as a new force, because the school system is unique, making it party-building work in the system, there are still imperfect, experience loss, weakness and other issues. Therefore, to improve the performance of independent college party-building work to enhance the role of grassroots organizations fighting force, to do independent development of the Institute to adapt the work of party building features, construction work of Independent Colleges party building long-term mechanism is particularly important and urgent.

  1. Memory Without Parties or Parties Without Memory?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Mario Solís Delgadillo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the role of political parties in Argentina, Chile and Guatemala in relation to the implementation of public policies of memory after the return to democracy in each of these countries. To do this, we discuss the concept of memory and the problems of memorial obsession. We consider the uses and abuses of memory that human rights organizations manifest on the subject, and examine the work of the parties about the level of adaptation that allows claims of human rights movement to become matters of public policy.

  2. [Shift work and risk of cancer and coronary heart diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Johnni; Lassen, Christina Funch

    2014-01-20

    Shift and night work are among the most frequent occupational exposures. Such work schedules involve exposure to light-at-night, which may reduce normal nocturnal melatonin production, create circadian rhythm disruption, sleep deprivation and unhealthy lifestyle. There is strong experimental evidence that light-at-night and circadian disruption may increase the risk of cancer and coronary heart diseases. There is emerging, but limited epidemiologic evidence that night shift work may increase breast cancer and certain cardiovascular diseases. PMID:24629681

  3. The Establishment of Working Mechanism for Party Development in Institutions of High Education from the Perspective of Engineering%论高校党建工作中工程思维模式的应用和实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴春芳

    2011-01-01

    The work of Party development in institutions of high education plays an important part in the project of Party construction.In this new era,it is theoretically as well as practically significant to take a fresh look and innovate on the work of Party development in institutions of high education from the perspective of engineering,establishing a scientific and sustainable mechanism for the said work.Engineering involves such features as scientific,standard,controllable and efficient,which are consistent with aspects like goal,target,content and implementation effect of the work of Party development in institutions of high education.Specifically,management theories such as engineering design,engineering management and engineering examination are embodied in the process of carrying out the work of Party development;the standardization,normalization and scientification of the work of Party development are to be enhanced;quality and process control in the work of Party development is to be strengthened;the service system for the work of Party development is to be set up.%工程思维具有科学、标准、可控和高效等多种特点,与高校党建工作的目标、对象、内容和实施效果等方面息息相通。具体表现为:在高校党建工作的实施过程中体现工程设计、工程管理和工程检验等管理思想;提高高校党建工作的标准化、规范化和科学化程度;加强高校党建工作的质量与过程控制;建立高校党建工作的服务体系。

  4. Presentations and documents submitted to the 27. meeting of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC), NEA Headquarters, 21-22 May 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. This document brings together the available documents and presentations relative to this meeting: the agenda, the Summary record of the previous meeting held on May 2014, the Reports (slides) on experimental activities from Europe, Japan, USA, Russia and China, the Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects (ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, TENDL), the presentation from Subgroup 39 (Methods and approaches to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data files) and from Subgroup 41 (Improving nuclear data accuracy of 241Am and 237Np capture cross-sections). The document ends with a preliminary proposal for a New Subgroup 42 (Thermal Scattering Kernel S(α,β): Measurement, Evaluation and Application)

  5. The meaning of work and working life after cancer: an interview study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Dorte M; Elverdam, Beth

    2008-01-01

    the cultural meaning of work in capitalist society, we incorporate the theoretical perspective of Max Weber. CONCLUSION: Those who after cancer treatment are unable to work lose a part of their identity; they lose the personal challenge and satisfaction related to work. They are no longer part...

  6. Christmas party

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The Christmas party organized by the Staff Association took place on Saturday 3 December. 200 children from 5 to 7 years old attended a magic show which filled them with wonder. Then they were served a snack in the Novae restaurant. Finally, just before their parents came to pick them up, Father Christmas gave them a present. The Staff Association wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

  7. Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC). Presentations and documents submitted to the 25. meeting, NEA Headquarters, 23-24 May 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JEFF (Data Bank member countries), JENDL (Japan) and RUSFOND/BROND (Russia). The participation from projects in non-NEA Member countries, such as CENDL, is channelled through the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. The 25. meeting of the working party was held on 23-24 May 2013 at the NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France. This document brings together the available presentations (slides and reports) given at this meeting Presentations (slides) on experimental activities are available for: NEA DB, Japan, USA, Russia and China (slides + report). Brief progress reports (slides) from the evaluation projects are available for: ENDF, JEFF, JENDL (slides + Report), BROND + slides on Rosatom Standard Reference Data System, CENDL, IAEA and TENDL. Presentations (slides) about the Status of subgroups are available for the following subgroups: - Subgroup 31: Meeting nuclear data needs for advanced reactors (slides + report); - Subgroup C: High Priority Request List (HPRL); - Subgroup 33: Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data (slides + report); - Subgroup 34: Coordinated evaluation of 239Pu in the resonance region; - Subgroup 35: Scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range; - Subgroup 36: Reporting and usage of experimental data for evaluation in the resolved resonance region; - Subgroup 37: Improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies

  8. 做好新形势下信教群众工作的对策%Countermeasures on the Party's Mass Work of Religious Believers under New Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新芳

    2014-01-01

    做好信教群众工作,引导信教群众正确认识理解宗教的本质;充分发挥宗教在教化群众中的积极作用;发挥宗教的社会整合作用、道德教化作用、心理调适作用、文化促进作用和政治影响作用;全面贯彻落实党的宗教工作基本方针;落实党的宗教信仰自由政策,切实维护宗教界和信教群众的合法权益,积极引导信教群众与社会主义社会相适应;形成做好信教群众工作的社会合力。%The mass work of religious believers should be done well in order to guide the believers correctly to understand the essence of religion ;give full play to the positive role of religion in the education of the mass ;give full play to the religion's social integration function ,moral education function ,psychological adjustment function ,culture promotion function and political influence function ;fully implement the Party's basic policy of religious work ;implement the Party's policy in the freedom of reli-gious belief ,safeguard the religion and the religious believers'legitimate rights and interests ,actively guide the religious believ-ers to adapt to the socialist society ;form the social force of doing mass work of religious believers .

  9. Cancer and polluted work places: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjuus, H; Lislerud, A; Lyngdal, P T; Omland, H; Stave, O; Langård, S

    1982-02-01

    The possible association between selected cancers and polluted work places has been studied in a hospital-based, case-control study. By dividing all jobs in the participants working career into "polluted" and "clean", a crude measure for the total industrial exposure a worker experiences throughout his life was established. Among 103 age-matched, case-control pairs the overall estimated relative risk (RR) for exposed subjects (greater than or equal to 10 years in a polluted work place) of developing cancer compared to nonexposed (less than 10 years in a polluted work place) was 1.1. The only subgroup where a significant difference was found between the cases and the controls was the lung cancer subgroup (RR = 4.0, p = 0.02, two-tailed). When the 30 lung cancer cases were compared to an alternative control group consisting of 60 subjects matched for age and smoking habits, an estimated RR of 4.5 was found. A moderate, but not significant association between lung cancer and definite asbestos exposure was also found (RR: 2.3). As most workers are exposed to a variety of industrial agents throughout their working careers, further development of methods for characterizing combined exposures are needed, both for retrospective and prospective purposes. PMID:7068240

  10. How to Do A Good Job of Grassroots Party Building Work in Oil Companies under the New Normal%新常态下如何做好石油企业基层党建工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳玉河

    2016-01-01

    Party building is a unique political resource of state-owned enterprises,reflecting the soft power of the enter-prise.Doing a good job of grassroots party building oil enterprises under the new normal and effectively playing the core strengths of its ideology and politics will have a vital role in strengthening enterprise management,improving staff quality and enhancing the core competitiveness of enterprises.According to the petroleum enterprise grass-roots party construction work in the current situation and existing problems,in order to do a good job of grass-roots party construction work,we must inno-vate the work of Party building ideas,enrich the content of Party building activities,strength Party building management and enhance the level of Party building work.%党建工作是国有企业独特的政治资源,体现着企业的软实力。在新常态下做好石油企业基层党建工作,切实发挥其思想政治核心优势,对于强化企业管理,提升员工素质,增强企业核心竞争力有着至关重要的作用。针对石油企业基层党建工作现状和存在的问题,要做好基层党建工作,必须创新党建工作思路,丰富党建活动内容,严格党建工作管理,提升党建工作水平。

  11. Conflict stress and reduced well-being at work : The buffering effect of third-party help

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giebels, E; Janssen, O

    2005-01-01

    This study among 108 Dutch social services workers examined whether particularly the intrapsychic tension directly associated with interpersonal conflict at work, i.e., conflict stress, is responsible for reduced well-being in terms of emotional exhaustion, absenteeism, and turnover intentions. Furt

  12. Considerations of circadian impact for defining 'shift work' in cancer studies: IARC Working Group Report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.G. Stevens; J. Hansen; G. Costa; E. Haus; T. Kauppinen; K.J. Aronson; G. Castaño-Vinyals; S. Davis; M.H.W. Frings-Dresen; L. Fritschi; M. Kogevinas; K. Kogi; J.A. Lie; A. Lowden; B. Peplonska; B. Pesch; E. Pukkala; E. Schernhammer; R.C. Travis; R. Vermeulen; T. Zheng; V. Cogliano; K. Straif

    2011-01-01

    Based on the idea that electric light at night might account for a portion of the high and rising risk of breast cancer worldwide, it was predicted long ago that women working a non-day shift would be at higher risk compared with day-working women. This hypothesis has been extended more recently to

  13. Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC). Presentations and documents submitted to the 27. meeting, NEA Headquarters, 21-22 May 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. The 27. Meeting of the WPEC was the occasion to review the experimental activities, the evaluation projects and the Status of subgroups. This document brings together the available documents of the meeting: 1 - The Proposed agenda, the list of participants and the Summary record of the previous meeting, May 2014 (Report NEA-SEN-NSC-WPEC--2014-2); 2 - The Reports on experimental activities: Europe (NEA DB), Japan, USA, Russia, China; 3 - Some Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects: ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, BROND/ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, and TENDL; 4 - The Status of some subgroups: Subgroup 35 (Scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range); Subgroup 36 (Reporting and usage of experimental data for evaluation in the resolved resonance region); Subgroup 37 (Improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies); Subgroup 38 (A modern nuclear database structure beyond the ENDF format); Subgroup 39 (Methods and approaches to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data files); Subgroup 40 (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Pilot Project); Subgroup 41 (Improving nuclear data accuracy of 241Am and 237Np capture cross-sections); Subgroup C (High Priority

  14. The Application of New Media to the Party-Masses Work & Political Work in Enterprises%新媒体在企业党群政工工作中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炜昊

    2015-01-01

    The fast development of new media has brought the party-masses work and political work in enterprises into a new era. This paper discusses that the application of new media can effectively promote the publicity of the party’s path, guiding principles and policies,broaden communication channels between the party and masses,raise the enthusiasm of employees’ participation into enterprise construction and strengthen the role of supervision of the public voice. Taking WeChat and Microblog as an example,it analyzes their roles in practical works.%新媒体的快速发展,使企业党群政工工作进入新时代。新媒体的应用可以有效提升党的路线、方针、政策的宣传力度,拓宽党群信息的沟通渠道,提高员工参与企业建设的热情,加强舆论的监督功能。以微信、微博为例,分析了其在企业党群政工工作中的作用。

  15. Collaboration improves outcomes: cross county, joint acute and primary care, working party to select a super absorbent dressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenwick, Kim; Florence, Lorraine; Godar, Sue; Guy, Heidi; Tilbe, Helen

    2012-11-01

    This abstract highlights the work undertaken by the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Tissue Viability Nurses Forum (BHTVNF) to select a super absorbent dressing for local formularies. A range of super absorbent dressings was selected to be included in the evaluation based on their accessibility via FP10 or NHS Supply chain. Dressings were evaluated in the hospital setting, community setting and leg ulcer clinics. Table top evaluations were also undertaken. Performance of dressings both clinically and via table top were considered along with costs. It was interesting to find out that hospital patients had different needs to community patients and as such three recommendations were made. The acute sector has added one super absorbent which is different from the community selected one. The community has also selected a lower performing super absorbent which the acute sector has not chosen.

  16. ELASTICITY OF PARTY DEMAND

    OpenAIRE

    Yaskova L.V.

    2012-01-01

    On basis of sociological researches political parties as social organizations in Russia (on the example of regional branches of Lipetsk region political parties) on the entry into force of the law «About political parties» 2001 till the present moment are analyzed. It is underlined the change of volume of party space actors during various elective periods, characterized by elasticity of party demand. The factors defining elasticity of party demand are concluded. The estimation of party demand...

  17. Work Hard, Party Harder: Drug Use and Sexual Behaviour in Young British Casual Workers in Ibiza, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Kelly

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Every summer, young people flock to nightlife-focused holiday resorts around the world to find casual work. Despite being exposed to hedonistic environments, often for several months, little is known about their substance use, sexual activity and health service needs over this extended amount of time abroad. Methods: A short anonymous questionnaire examining alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour and use of health services was administered to young British casual workers aged 16–35 in San Antonio, Ibiza (n = 171. Results: 97.7% of casual workers used alcohol in Ibiza, and the majority (85.3% used drugs. Almost half (43.5% of all participants used a drug in Ibiza that they had never used in the UK. Most casual workers arrived in Ibiza without a partner or spouse (86.5%. Of these, 86.9% had sex during their stay and 50.0% had unprotected sex; often while under the influence of alcohol. Only 14.3% of those having unprotected sex with a new partner sought a sexual health check-up in Ibiza, although 84.1% intended to do this on their return to the UK. Conclusion: Substance use and sexual risk taking is widespread among young British casual workers in Ibiza. Such international nightlife resorts represent key settings for substance-related health and social problems, and for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. Addressing the health needs of casual workers and the environments that permit and promote their excessive behaviour requires collaboration between authorities in home and destination countries and the tourism industry.

  18. 当前高校学生党建工作存在的问题及对策探析%Current Problems and Countermeasures of College Students' Party Building Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石莹; 邓思然

    2012-01-01

    当前,受到经济全球化、政治多极化、社会信息化、价值多元化等诸多因素的深刻影响,高校学生党建工作面临新的挑战,出现了一系列新的问题:学生党员入党动机不纯,功利主义取向明显;党员教育管理工作滞后,工作创新性、针对性、有效性不足;高校学生党建工作队伍整体素质不高,工作水平亟待加强等。为此,对当前高校学生党建工作的现状及存在的问题进行深入的分析与探讨,并提出科学合理的对策建议,是当前高校学生党建工作的当务之急。%At present,by the profound impact of economic globalization and political multi-polarization and social information,the value of diversification of many factors,College Students' Party work is facing new challenges,a series of new problems:student party members impure motives,obvious utilitarian orientation;education of Party members lag,the work of innovative,targeted,the effectiveness of less than;college students' Party work is not high overall quality,level of work should be strengthened.To this end,the current status of college students' Party work and problems of in-depth analysis and discussion,and to make scientific and reasonable suggestions,and current college students the top priority of the work of party building.

  19. Making Higher Education Work: A Comparison of Discourses in the United Kingdom's Conservative and Labour Parties' General Election Manifestos between 1979 and 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souto-Otero, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    This article elaborates a model of social democratic and conservative discourses in relation to access, financing, management, and results of higher education. The model is contrasted with the position of the Conservative Party and the Labour Party in the United Kingdom from the late 1970s to 2010 as expressed in their electoral manifestos. The…

  20. Resenrch on the Party School Cadre Education Training Work of Practice and Exploration%高校党校干部教育培训工作的实践与探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婧

    2011-01-01

    The party school as training college the party member the leading cadre,party member,party activists,cultivate the party's theory study,research,propaganda team an important position of the party's basic theory and the party spirit exercise,to ensure that the melting pot of the university of socialist school direction.Facing the cadres and the channel of the independent learns training college party school cadre education,diversity training work faces competition and reform of pressure.%高校党校作为轮训和培训高校党员领导干部、党员、入党积极分子,培养党的理论队伍学习、研究、宣传党的基本理论的重要阵地和党性锻炼的熔炉,有利于确保高校的社会主义办学方向。面对干部的自主选学和培训渠道的多元化,高校党校干部教育培训工作面临着竞争和改革的压力。

  1. Considerations of circadian impact for defining 'shift work' in cancer studies: IARC Working Group Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Richard G; Hansen, Johnni; Costa, Giovanni; Haus, Erhard; Kauppinen, Timo; Aronson, Kristan J; Castaño-Vinyals, Gemma; Davis, Scott; Frings-Dresen, Monique H W; Fritschi, Lin; Kogevinas, Manolis; Kogi, Kazutaka; Lie, Jenny-Anne; Lowden, Arne; Peplonska, Beata; Pesch, Beate; Pukkala, Eero; Schernhammer, Eva; Travis, Ruth C; Vermeulen, Roel; Zheng, Tongzhang; Cogliano, Vincent; Straif, Kurt

    2011-02-01

    Based on the idea that electric light at night might account for a portion of the high and rising risk of breast cancer worldwide, it was predicted long ago that women working a non-day shift would be at higher risk compared with day-working women. This hypothesis has been extended more recently to prostate cancer. On the basis of limited human evidence and sufficient evidence in experimental animals, in 2007 the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified 'shift work that involves circadian disruption' as a probable human carcinogen, group 2A. A limitation of the epidemiological studies carried out to date is in the definition of 'shift work.' IARC convened a workshop in April 2009 to consider how 'shift work' should be assessed and what domains of occupational history need to be quantified for more valid studies of shift work and cancer in the future. The working group identified several major domains of non-day shifts and shift schedules that should be captured in future studies: (1) shift system (start time of shift, number of hours per day, rotating or permanent, speed and direction of a rotating system, regular or irregular); (2) years on a particular non-day shift schedule (and cumulative exposure to the shift system over the subject's working life); and (3) shift intensity (time off between successive work days on the shift schedule). The group also recognised that for further domains to be identified, more research needs to be conducted on the impact of various shift schedules and routines on physiological and circadian rhythms of workers in real-world environments.

  2. Considerations of circadian impact for defining 'shift work' in cancer studies: IARC Working Group Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Richard G; Hansen, Johnni; Costa, Giovanni; Haus, Erhard; Kauppinen, Timo; Aronson, Kristan J; Castaño-Vinyals, Gemma; Davis, Scott; Frings-Dresen, Monique H W; Fritschi, Lin; Kogevinas, Manolis; Kogi, Kazutaka; Lie, Jenny-Anne; Lowden, Arne; Peplonska, Beata; Pesch, Beate; Pukkala, Eero; Schernhammer, Eva; Travis, Ruth C; Vermeulen, Roel; Zheng, Tongzhang; Cogliano, Vincent; Straif, Kurt

    2011-02-01

    Based on the idea that electric light at night might account for a portion of the high and rising risk of breast cancer worldwide, it was predicted long ago that women working a non-day shift would be at higher risk compared with day-working women. This hypothesis has been extended more recently to prostate cancer. On the basis of limited human evidence and sufficient evidence in experimental animals, in 2007 the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified 'shift work that involves circadian disruption' as a probable human carcinogen, group 2A. A limitation of the epidemiological studies carried out to date is in the definition of 'shift work.' IARC convened a workshop in April 2009 to consider how 'shift work' should be assessed and what domains of occupational history need to be quantified for more valid studies of shift work and cancer in the future. The working group identified several major domains of non-day shifts and shift schedules that should be captured in future studies: (1) shift system (start time of shift, number of hours per day, rotating or permanent, speed and direction of a rotating system, regular or irregular); (2) years on a particular non-day shift schedule (and cumulative exposure to the shift system over the subject's working life); and (3) shift intensity (time off between successive work days on the shift schedule). The group also recognised that for further domains to be identified, more research needs to be conducted on the impact of various shift schedules and routines on physiological and circadian rhythms of workers in real-world environments. PMID:20962033

  3. Work or welfare after cancer? Explorations of identity and stigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffatt, Suzanne; Noble, Emma

    2015-11-01

    With increasing numbers of people living with cancer, a greater focus is required on the social consequences of the disease. This article explores the connections between cancer and employment and the constraints imposed by ill health and wider structural conditions. Narrative data from 23 people of working age with cancer in north-east England collected longitudinally over 16 months highlight the impact of financial strain caused by temporary or permanent interruption to employment, and the positive benefits of an upstream welfare rights intervention in enabling participants to claim benefit entitlements and boost incomes. Returning to work, for those who were able, helped repair the disruption caused by the illness. For those unable to work, reliance on welfare benefits, while necessary, conferred a stigmatised identity that compounded the disruption wrought by cancer. While stigma occurs at the individual level, the structural dimensions of stigma need to be acknowledged in order to analyse the forces that cause, maintain and perpetuate the stigma associated with claiming welfare while ill. We conclude that current UK policies and welfare reforms to reduce sickness-related welfare claims will lead to greater hardship during periods of ill health and increase inequalities. PMID:26139163

  4. 民办高校党务干部队伍状况对党建工作的影响及对策--以广东省S学院为例%Impact of Party Cadres Situation on Party Building Work in Private Colleges and Universities and the Countermeasures:A Case Study of S College in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海燕; 杨国威; 龙宇; 黄金丁

    2015-01-01

    民办高校党务干部队伍作为学校党建工作实施者,其队伍状况在很大程度上将直接影到党建工作质量和水平,进而影响到人才培养质量。目前民办高校党务干部队伍普遍存在队伍结构失衡,党务干部身兼多职,重业务知识学习,轻理论武装,重专业技能培训轻党务能力提升等状况。要改善现状,必须做到:一是加强制度建设,狠抓贯彻落实,争取上层支持;二是加强业务培训,鼓励开展党建工作研究;三是加强党建工作信息化建设,打造符合时代需求的党务干部队伍;四是引进激励措施,提高工作积极性。%Party cadres as the perpetrators of school Party building in private colleges and universities, their team status will directly influence the quality of quality and level of Party building, thereby affecting the quality of personnel training. There are many problems in the Party cadres team in private colleges and universities currently, such as, structural imbalance, multiple roles of Party cadres, paying more attention to business knowledge learning and less to armed theory, more to professional skills training and less to enhancing the ability of Party work. To improve the situation, this paper proposes to: firstly strengthen the system construction, pay close attention to the implementation and get the upper support; secondly strengthen the business training and encourage the research on Party building work;thirdly strengthen the informatization construction of Party building and train the Party cadres who can meet the needs of the times; fourthly introduce incentives and improve motivation.

  5. 发挥毕业生党员优势做好毕业生就业工作%Take the Advantage 0f Graduate Party Member and Do Well Employment Work for Graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利娥

    2011-01-01

    当前,就业问题成为社会热议的焦点,而大学生就业更是关系到学生,学校、家庭和社会的大事.党员大学生作为高校党建工作的中坚力量,其就业工作对高校就业工作具有重要的意义.本丈将从发挥毕业生党员优势的意义;高校毕业生党员的优势;如何发挥毕业生党员的优势,提高就业竞争力,推动高校整体就业等几方面进行探究.%The problem of employment has become a current hot issue, but the employment of college students is a serious matter concerning students, school, family and social direct interests. The college student party members are the hardcore of college party construction works, and the employment has the vital significance to the university employment works. The article examines several aspects, namely the advantage of party members among graduates, developing the significance of advantage on party members among graduates, improving employment competitiveness, driving the overall employment of colleges and universities and how to play the advantage of party members among graduates.

  6. Long working hours and cancer risk : a multi-cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Heikkila, K.; Nyberg, S. T.; Madsen, I. E.; Vroome, E. de; Alfredsson, L; Bjorner, J B; Borritz, M; Burr, H; Erbel, R; Ferrie, J E; Fransson, E; Geuskens, G. A.; Hooftman, W. E.; Houtman, I L; Jöckel, K H

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Working longer than the maximum recommended hours is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the relationship of excess working hours with incident cancer is unclear. METHODS: This multi-cohort study examined the association between working hours and cancer risk in 116 462 men and women who were free of cancer at baseline. Incident cancers were ascertained from national cancer, hospitalisation and death registers; weekly working hours were self-reported. R...

  7. European Party Loyalties Revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Richardson, B.M.

    1991-01-01

    The likelihood that party loyalties reflect the characteristics of parties and political competition within specific political environments was generally ignored in critiques of party identification abroad. In this article, I identify substantial frequencies of stable partisan ties among British, Du

  8. Assessment of Existing Nuclear Data Adjustment Methodologies. A report by the Working Party on International Evaluation Co-operation of the NEA Nuclear Science Committee - Intermediate Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Working Party on Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Nuclear Science Committee has established an International Subgroup (called 'Subgroup 33') on 'Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data'. In its mandate it is proposed for this WPEC subgroup to study methods and issues of the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data, with the objective of recommending a set of best and consistent practices in order to improve evaluated nuclear data files. Indication should be provided on how to best exploit existing integral experiments, define new ones if needed, provide trends and feedback to nuclear data evaluators and measurers. The first request, which this document is fulfilling, is about a deliverable assessing the methodologies that the different participants to this subgroup employ for adjustment of neutron cross-section data using the observed discrepancies between calculated and measured values of integral experiments. To this purpose the participants have been asked to provide documentation on the adjustment methodologies used. The following organisations have provided the requested documentation : ANL, CEA, INL, IPPS, JAEA, JSI, NRG and ORNL. The different organisations' documentation is provided in Appendices A1 through A8. The rest of this document includes a chapter on the identification of the merits and drawbacks of the existing adjustment methodologies, a chapter on comparison of mathematical formulation and specific features, a chapter on the criteria used for assessing different methodologies and finally some conclusions drawn from the assessment

  9. First-trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein as a marker for fetal chromosomal disorders. Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lith, J M

    1994-10-01

    We evaluated first-trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MS-AFP) as a marker for fetal chromosomal disorders. The multicentre study was performed under the auspices of the Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis. MS-AFP was measured in 2404 normal pregnancies and 72 chromosomally abnormal pregnancies. The median multiple of the normal median (MOM) in 32 Down's syndrome pregnancies was 0.83 with a 95 per cent confidence interval ranging from 0.60 to 1.04. The difference between the distributions of first-trimester MS-AFP in normal and Down's syndrome pregnancies was statistically significant (t-test: t = 2.34, P MOM = 1.26; seven cases with sex chromosome abnormalities, MOM = 1.07; 22 cases with a chromosomal mosaic pattern in chorionic villi, MOM = 1.08). We conclude that first-trimester MS-AFP can discriminate between normal and Down's syndrome pregnancies, but is not an effective marker. First-trimester MS-AFP has no value as a marker for other fetal chromosomal disorders. PMID:7534926

  10. First-trimester maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophin as a marker for fetal chromosomal disorders. The Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lith, J M

    1992-06-01

    The Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis has initiated a study on the possibilities of first-trimester screening for fetal chromosomal disorders. We report on maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (MS-hCG) measurements in 1348 pregnancies with a chromosomally normal fetus and 53 pregnancies with a chromosomally abnormal fetus. The median MS-hCG concentration in 24 pregnancies with Down's syndrome was 1.19 multiples of the normal median (MoM). The MS-hCG distributions in normal and Down's syndrome pregnancies did not differ significantly (t-test: t = 1.945, p greater than 0.05). We also found no difference between normal pregnancies and pregnancies with other chromosomal disorders (six cases of trisomy 18, MoM = 0.80; four cases of sex chromosome abnormality, MoM = 1.01; 17 cases of chromosomal mosaicism in chorionic villi, MoM = 1.11). Selecting an upper limit at the 90th centile could detect 25 per cent of pregnancies with Down's syndrome. We conclude that, in the first trimester, MS-hCG as a screening factor for Down's syndrome is of minor value. However, MS-hCG could be a useful factor in a first-trimester screening programme based on a combination of markers. PMID:1387477

  11. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. Your Golden Jubilee Party Friday 17 September 2004 at 16:00 Restaurant 1, Main Building Programme Speech by Director-General Toast in honour of CERN Cocktails and ambient music Video projections of five decades of CERN and at 18:00 ... A surprise music show. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  12. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held in the cafeteria and on the terrace (if the weather permits) of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks, snacks and a surprise music show by the CERN Big Bang Orchestra! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (Bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  13. Analysis of the application of performance management in scientific research institutes in the work of Party Building%绩效管理在科研院所党建工作中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕茜茜; 刘晓非

    2015-01-01

    The work of Party Building is one of the content of the "Decision of the CPC Central Committee on deepening reform of the overall number of major issues". The development of scientific research institutes in the daily work should not only pay attention to scientific research and education. Good attention should establish to Party building work system. Performance appraisal and management with auxiliary, promote the work of Party building of scientific research institutes. With the performance appraisal management system to promote, the work of Party Building Research Institute has been optimized gradually change. This study analyzed the main content of performance management of this unit, on the basis of the analysis in the work of Party building, and puts forward related suggestions.%党建工作是《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》的改革内容之一,科研院所在日常工作中不仅要注重科研教育事业的发展,更应该关注良好党建工作体制的建立。绩效考评和管理工作对科研院所的党建工作具有辅助、推动的作用,随着绩效考评管理制度的推进,科研院所的党建工作也逐步优化转变。本文分析了本单位绩效管理的主要内容,对其在党建工作中运用进行了分析,并提出了相关意见。

  14. Danish Party Membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    participation. Instead, membership figures at party level as well as the participation of party members need to be taken into account in order to assess parties as channels of participation. This is supported by the analyses reported here which show that even though membership figures are declining, parties...... is to report on the state of Danish party membership; the numbers and participation. The claim of the article is that total membership figures hide evidence of membership renewal and increases, and that mere party membership figures are insufficient when evaluating political parties as channels of...... still attract new members, that party membership figures are not declining in all parties, and that party members vary in their participation in a wide variety of party activities, such as traditional campaigning activities, political discussions and financial contributions. Hence, this article...

  15. 大兴学习之风做好高校党校工作%Blowing the wind of learning and do a good job in the work of the Party School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾芳

    2013-01-01

    在全党内大兴学习之风,基础是搞好党员教育,党校做为党员接受教育的重要基地,抓好其建设是必须首先解决的问题。做好高校党校工作首要前提是抓好党校定位、认清学校作用;重要基础是深化党校改革,提高教育质量;根本保障是要强化领导,加大经费投入;重要途径是要健全制度,加强机构管理。%Blowing the wind of learning in the Communist Party, the education of Party members is the base. College Party school work in the new period needs not only previous successful experiences, but also new development and innovation. To do well in College Party school, we should aim at the following four aspects:the first premise is party school location;the important elementary is deepening the school reform and improving education quality;the fundamental guarantee is strengthening leadership and increasing the input of funds;the important way is perfecting the system and strengthening the mechanism of management.

  16. 新形势下独立学院学生党建工作面临的问题及对策%The Problems of Students Party Building Work in Independent College and Countermeasures under the New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵瑜; 白罡

    2011-01-01

    独立学院在学生党建工作中面临的新情况与新问题是独立学院党务工作者面临的新课题.根据独立学院学生的特点,分析当前独立学院学生党建工作存在的问题,提出了加强独立学院学生党建工作的对策,保证独立学院的党建工作顺利进行与健康发展.%Student Party building work of independent college is facing the new situation and new problems which are the new challenges faced by the independent college Party workers. According to the characteristics of independent college, the problems in the current student Party building work of independent college are analyzed and the measures are proposed to ensure the smooth progress and healthy development of Party building work of independent colleges.

  17. Chinese Anti-Cancer Association as a non-governmental organization undertakes systematic cancer prevention work in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Tingting

    2015-08-01

    Cancer has become the first leading cause of death in the world, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Facing the increasing trend of cancer incidence and mortality, China issued and implemented "three-early (early prevention, early diagnosis and early treatment)" national cancer prevention plan. As the main body and dependence of social governance, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) take over the role of government in the field of cancer prevention and treatment. American Cancer Society (ACS) made a research on cancer NGOs and civil society in cancer control and found that cancer NGOs in developing countries mobilize civil society to work together and advocate governments in their countries to develop policies to address the growing cancer burden. Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), Cancer Council Australia (CCA), and Malaysian cancer NGOs are the representatives of cancer NGOs in promoting cancer control. Selecting Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (CACA) as an example in China, this article is to investigate how NGOs undertake systematic cancer prevention work in China. By conducting real case study, we found that, as a NGO, CACA plays a significant role in intensifying the leading role of government in cancer control, optimizing cancer outcomes, decreasing cancer incidence and mortality rates and improving public health.

  18. 新司法改革背景下党领导司法的进阶%The Advancement of the Party's Leadership in Judicial Work under the Background of New Judicial Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武松

    2015-01-01

    从中国的宪制结构和国家治理的现实情态看,坚持和加强党的领导是新一轮司法改革必须坚持的根本原则.但是,从司法实践看,新一轮司法改革必将对党领导司法的方式形成冲击,倒逼中国共产党从理念认知到领导方式等方面重新诠释党领导司法的意涵,从党领导司法的权力来源、范畴、方式以及革新政法委工作职能等方面,推动党领导司法机制的进阶.%From the perspective of practical modality of Chinese constitutional structure and governance of the country, to adhere to and strengthen the leadership of the party is the fundamental principle of the new round of judicial reform. But in the judicial practice, a new round of judicial reform is bound to form the impact to the leadership of the Party in the judicial. It forced the Communist Party of China reinterpreted the meaning of the Party's leadership in the judicial from the aspect of cognition to the style of leadership. To promote the advancement of judicial mechanism under the leadership of the party from the power source, category, mode of the Party's leadership in the judicial and work function of the reform in Politics and Law Committee.

  19. Ideas on Carrying out the Work of College Students Party by the Spirit of Innovation%以创新精神开展高校学生党建工作的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄怡然; 范璐; 孙传新

    2011-01-01

    高校学生党建工作应不断创新组织生活的模式,应自觉地把其工作奠基于团学工作的基础之上。以北京中医院大学为例介绍了基层学生党建工作的一些经验和先进做法。%College Students Party work should create and innovate model of organizational life, their work should be founded on the basis of group learning. This paper takes Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example, introduces some experiences and the advanced procedure for students' party building work.

  20. Employment and the common cancers: return to work of cancer survivors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.G.E.M. de Boer; M.H.W. Frings-Dresen

    2009-01-01

    Aims To provide an overview of the outcomes of recent European research in this field and discusses future research directions to explore and improve the return-to-work experience of cancer survivors. Methods European research, principally from English and Dutch language journals, on the subject of

  1. Cancer Statistics: Endometrial Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a third party. HPF: Did You Know? Endometrial Cancer Endometrial Cancer - Did you know that endometrial cancer ... mfhs0vbvWi8?rel=0 SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Endometrial Cancer Expand All Collapse All Lifetime risk estimates are ...

  2. Municipal return to work management in cancer survivors undergoing cancer treatment: a protocol on a controlled intervention study

    OpenAIRE

    Stapelfeldt, Christina M; Labriola, Merete; Jensen, Anders Bonde; Andersen, Niels Trolle; Momsen, Anne-Mette H.; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2015-01-01

    Background Cancer survivors are often left on their own to deal with the challenges of resuming work during or after cancer treatment, mainly due to unclear agreements between stakeholders responsible for occupational rehabilitation. Social inequality exists in cancer risk, survival probability and continues with regard to the chance of being able to return to work. The aim is to apply an early, individually tailored occupational rehabilitation intervention to cancer survivors in two municipa...

  3. Study on the Party building work under autonomous management mode of independent college students%关于独立学院学生自主管理模式下的党建工作研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐俪

    2013-01-01

    The party building work of college students is the leading work, is to carry out a important task of Ideological and political education, also is the important link of training the high-quality talents. Independent college party builds the job to have its particularity, according to the actual situation of the independent college, establish corresponding working mode, should be positive thinking of the independent college, but also to promote the inevitable requirement of the scientific development of the independent college. After analyzing the current situation of independent college party construction work and the new situation faced, study of independent college students autonomous management mode under the party building work.%大学生党建工作是高校的龙头工作,是开展思政教育的一大重要抓手,也是高校培养高素质人才的重要环节。独立学院的党建工作有其特殊性,如何根据独立学院的实际情况,建立与其相适应的工作模式,是独立学院应该积极思考的问题,也是推动独立学院科学发展的必然要求。文章通过分析独立学院党建工作的现状以及面临的新情况,对独立学院学生自主管理模式下的党建工作进行研究。

  4. Using intervention mapping to develop a work-related guidance tool for those affected by cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Munir Fehmidah; Kalawsky Katryna; Wallis Deborah J; Donaldson-Feilder Emma

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Working-aged individuals diagnosed and treated for cancer require support and assistance to make decisions regarding work. However, healthcare professionals do not consider the work-related needs of patients and employers do not understand the full impact cancer can have upon the employee and their work. We therefore developed a work-related guidance tool for those diagnosed with cancer that enables them to take the lead in stimulating discussion with a range of different ...

  5. On college students community Party organization management mode and work innovation%大学生公寓社区党组织管理模式及工作创新探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王禹

    2013-01-01

      高校后勤社会化改革的深入和学分制的实行,高校党团组织进驻公寓社区是思想政治教育工作的时代要求,本文从高校大学生公寓社区党组织的状况出发,阐述了如何构建大学生公寓社区党组织管理模式,怎样实现大学生公寓社区党建工作创新,旨在提高高校思想政治教育的针对性,时效性。%  The implementation of the college logistics socialization reform deepening and the credit system, the Party organizations in the community is the requirement of ideological and political education work, the university community Party organization of college students, this paper discusses how to construct community Party organization management mode, how to realize the innovation of apartment community Party to build the job of college students, to improve the ideological and political education, effectiveness.

  6. 高职学生党建工作中的“鞭子效应”及规避策略%"Whip Effect" and the Avoidance Strategy in Vocational Students' Party-building Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈慧

    2011-01-01

    Apply the "whip effect" to vocational students' work of party building, analyzed the negative impact caused by them, thinks that should take positive measures to strengthen the system, the formation and development, education, management and supervision of long-term mechanisms to overcome students' problems in party-building work.%将“鞭子效应”运用到高职学生党建工作中,分析了由其所引起的负面影响,认为应当采取积极的措施来加强制度建设,形成发展、教育、管理、监督的长效机制,克服学生党建工作方面存在的问题。

  7. Long working hours and cancer risk: a multi-cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heikkila, Katriina; Nyberg, Solja T.; Madsen, Ida E. H.;

    2016-01-01

    with 1.60-fold (95% confidence interval 1.12-2.29) increase in female breast cancer risk independently of age, socioeconomic position, shift- and night-time work and lifestyle factors, but this observation may have been influenced by residual confounding from parity. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest......BACKGROUND: Working longer than the maximum recommended hours is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the relationship of excess working hours with incident cancer is unclear. METHODS: This multi-cohort study examined the association between working hours and cancer risk...... in 116 462 men and women who were free of cancer at baseline. Incident cancers were ascertained from national cancer, hospitalisation and death registers; weekly working hours were self-reported. RESULTS: During median follow-up of 10.8 years, 4371 participants developed cancer (n colorectal cancer: 393...

  8. Innovation and Practice of Private College Party Building Work in the Information Age%信息化时代民办高校党建工作的创新与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈殿藩; 魏波; 任登峰

    2014-01-01

    步入21世纪以来,网络及新媒体发展迅速。网络化、信息化对经济建设社会发展带来了巨大的影响,形形色色的信息冲击使大学生思想步入一个崭新的高度,使大学生的人生观、世界观产生较大变化。然而,网络是一把双刃剑,既为高校党建带来更大的创新性平台,为党建工作发展提供良好的途径;又对民办高校大学生的思想带来更多的冲击与腐蚀,使高校党建工作面临新的挑战。因而,民办高校党建工作的创新具有现实紧迫性。本文将从网络化、信息化对高校党建的影响进行探索,以期得出更好的推动高校党建的方法。%Entering into the 21st century, the rapid development of Internet and new media. Network, information on economic con-struction and social development has brought great impact to make all kinds of information on the impact of ideological entered a new height, so that the formation of a larger college life worldview changes. However, the network is a double-edged sword, both to bring greater innovation platform for the Party in college, for the work of party building development provides a good way;has thought of Private University Students bring more impact and corrosion, so that universities Party building work is facing new challenges. Thus, the work of party building innovative private colleges has practical urgency. This article explores from the Internet, information on the impact Party in college, in order to draw a better way to promote Party building in universities.

  9. Nuclear third party liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are three existing instruments in the international regime governing liability for nuclear damage. The Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the field of Nuclear Energy (the Paris Convention) first laid down the principles for third party liability and insurance in 1960 within the framework of the OECD. Later reinforcement of the Paris Convention was provided by the Brussels Supplementary Convention on compensation and both conventions have undergone subsequent amendment. In 1963 the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (Vienna Convention) was established by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). A Joint Protocol adopted in 1988 resolved problems that had arisen over possible conflicts between the provisions of the Paris and Vienna Conventions. The Conventions are based on civil law and share two main factors: the strict and exclusive liability of the nuclear installation operator irrespective of negligence and clear limitations on financial liability. Currently a revision of the Vienna convention and work on the elaboration of a supplementary funding convention are being conducted under the auspices of the IAEA. Many states have come to realize the advantages of participation in the Conventions though there are still a number with substantial nuclear programmes who have neither signed nor ratified them. A list is given of participating states. (UK)

  10. 不断完善“减副”后的县级党委工作运行机制%Continuous Improvement“Minus Deputy” After the County Party Committee Working Mechanism Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张富田; 杨晓明

    2013-01-01

    地方党委领导班子配备改革后,新的领导体制在工作运行中取得了明显成效,同时也面临着一系列新情况新问题。对于县级党委来讲,在后续的改革中要不断完善“减副”后的党委工作运行机制,应着力从科学界定职责分工、探索规范运行机制、努力改进领导方式、全面提升能力素质几个层面继续作出探索和努力。%With local party leadership after the reform, the new leadership system running at work and achieved remarkable results, while also facing a series of new situations and new problems. For the county party committee is concerned, in the subsequent reforms, we will continue to improve“minus deputy” after the party working mechanism, should focus on the division of responsibilities from the scientific definition, exploring standardized operation mechanism, strive to improve their leadership style, comprehensively enhance the ability and quality of several level, and efforts continue to be made to explore.

  11. 思想政治工作在党政机关中面临的问题与挑战%Problems and Challenges Encountered in the Ideological and Political Work of Party and Government Offices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠明

    2015-01-01

    在改革开放不断深入,市场经济不断强化的新形势下,要不断发挥思想政治工作引领思想、保证方向、助推发展的重要作用,就需要在政工队伍方面狠下工夫。而党政机关思想政治工作是经济工作和其他一切工作的生命线,是我们党和国家的重要政治优势。新时期开展机关思想政治工作,就是坚持以马克思主义中国化的最新成果为指导,对机关党员干部进行有组织、有目的的思想教育。当前思想政治工作存在内容针对性不强,工作形式单一,缺乏激励机制等问题。针对这些问题,本文提出思想政治工作的对策措施。%Under the new situation of the continuous deepening of the reform and opening up, and the continuous strengthening of market economy, in order to continuously and fully play the im-portant role of ideological and political work in guiding the ideol-ogy, ensuring the direction and impelling the development, the political work team should make great efforts. The ideological and political work of Party and government offices is the life line of the economic work and all other work, as well as an important political advantage of our Party and country. To implement ideo-logical and political work in Party and government offices in the new period is to implement organized and targeted ideological e-ducation for Party members and cadres guided by the latest re-sults of Marxism in China. But there are some problems in the current ideological and political work, such as aimlessness, single style of work, and lack of incentive mechanism. In view of these problems, this paper proposes corresponding countermeasures.

  12. Markers of pancreatic cancer: Working towards early detection

    OpenAIRE

    Goggins, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Because early detection of pancreatic cancer is the best way to cure this disease, investigators continue to try and identify accurate markers of early pancreatic cancer. Since early-stage pancreatic cancer is generally asymptomatic, the only reliable way to detect it is by targeting individuals at increased risk for pancreatic screening.

  13. Party member recruitment and the representativeness of party membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Party membership figures are in decline. However, parties are still recruiting party members. Are there any differences in the social and political characteristics of old and new party members? If there is a difference, are new party members more or less representative for party voters than old...

  14. The Working After Cancer Study (WACS: a population-based study of middle-aged workers diagnosed with colorectal cancer and their return to work experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graves Nicholas

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The number of middle-aged working individuals being diagnosed with cancer is increasing and so too will disruptions to their employment. The aim of the Working After Cancer Study is to examine the changes to work participation in the 12 months following a diagnosis of primary colorectal cancer. The study will identify barriers to work resumption, describe limitations on workforce participation, and evaluate the influence of these factors on health-related quality of life. Methods/Design An observational population-based study has been designed involving 260 adults newly-diagnosed with colorectal cancer between January 2010 and September 2011 and who were in paid employment at the time they were diagnosed. These cancer cases will be compared to a nationally representative comparison group of 520 adults with no history of cancer from the general population. Eligible cases will have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of colorectal cancer and will be identified through the Queensland Cancer Registry. Data on the comparison group will be drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA Survey. Data collection for the cancer group will occur at 6 and 12 months after diagnosis, with work questions also asked about the time of diagnosis, while retrospective data on the comparison group will be come from HILDA Waves 2009 and 2010. Using validated instruments administered via telephone and postal surveys, data will be collected on socio-demographic factors, work status and circumstances, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL for both groups while the cases will have additional data collected on cancer treatment and symptoms, work productivity and cancer-related HRQoL. Primary outcomes include change in work participation at 12 months, time to work re-entry, work limitations and change in HRQoL status. Discussion This study will address the reasons for work cessation after cancer, the mechanisms people use

  15. Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanko D.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an analysis of political party system of the Republic of Estonia in the mid-2010s. The analysis is based on the works of Moris Duverger. As one might expect, the establishment of proportionate electoral system in Estonia has resulted in the formation of a multi-party system, in which no single party dominates in the parliament even in a short run. The article demonstrates that though Estonian political party system develops in line with the tendencies typical to political party systems of most European countries, some of its elements are more common to postcommunist countries. It indicates that the political party system in Estonia has stabilized throughout the past decade. Today, five sixths of voters support one of the four main political parties. A minority of voters does not consider any of the four dominant parties as a representative of their interests; thus, they vote for parties that had not been previously represented in the parliament. This allowed for two minor political parties to pass into the parliament at 2015 elections: the Estonian Conservative People’s Party, and Free Party. In the long run the minor parties will be able to keep parliamentary seats depending on their ability to build coalitions, either with the three governing parties — Reform Party, Pro Patria and Republic Union, and Social-Democratic Party, or with opposition Centre Party. The article considers the impact of the split in the Estonian society between ethnic Estonians and Russophonic people on political party system. It demonstrates that the majority of Russophonic voters in Estonia support the Centre Party, every major political party in the country has its Russophonic voters, while Estonian United Left Party, which promotes itself as a particular representative of the country’s Russophonic minority, remains a marginal political force.

  16. Promoting the Innovation and Development of Campus Culture with Party-building Work%以党建工作促进校园文化的创新与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俊仓; 张士青; 蔡科平

    2014-01-01

    为了更深入地探讨校园文化建设,分析了党的建设与校园文化建设的相互关系,探讨了以党建工作促进校园文化建设的路径,包括加强思想建设以把握校园文化的政治方向、加强组织建设以保障校园文化的有效实施、加强作风建设将优良传统和作风渗透到各项工作各项活动之中、重视学生党建工作以丰富校园文化的形式和内涵等。%In order to further explore the construction of campus culture, this paper analyzes the relationship between the party-building work and the construction of campus culture, and probes into the ways for promoting the construction of campus culture with the party-building work, which include strengthening the ideological construction to grasp the political direction of the campus culture, strengthening the organizational construction to ensure the effective implementation of the campus culture, strengthening the work style construction to infiltrate the fine tradition and style into all works and activities, and paying attention to the party-building work among students to enrich the form and connotation of campus culture, etc.

  17. Management of sepsis in neutropenic patients: guidelines from the infectious diseases working party of the German Society of Hematology and Oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penack, O; Buchheidt, D; Christopeit, M; von Lilienfeld-Toal, M; Massenkeil, G; Hentrich, M; Salwender, H; Wolf, H-H; Ostermann, H

    2011-05-01

    Sepsis is a leading cause of mortality in neutropenic cancer patients. Early initiation of effective causative therapy as well as intensive adjunctive therapy is mandatory to improve outcome. We give recommendations for the management of adults with neutropenia and sepsis. The guidelines are written for clinicians involved in care of cancer patients and focus on pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of sepsis during neutropenia.

  18. Factors associated with work disability in employed cancer survivors at 24-month sick leave

    OpenAIRE

    van Muijen, Peter; Duijts, Saskia FA; Bonefaas-Groenewoud, Karin; van der Beek, Allard J; Anema, Johannes R

    2014-01-01

    Background Identification of factors associated with work disability in cancer survivors on long term sick leave may support these survivors in choosing effective measures to facilitate vocational rehabilitation and return to work. Therefore, this study aims to disclose factors associated with work disability in cancer survivors at 24 months of sick leave. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted. The study population consisted of employed sick-listed cancer survivors, aged between 18 an...

  19. Work ability of survivors of breast, prostate, and testicular cancer in Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindbohm, M-L; Taskila, T; Kuosma, E;

    2012-01-01

    Cancer can cause adverse effects on survivors' work ability. We compared the self-assessed work ability of breast, testicular, and prostate cancer survivors to that of people without cancer. We also investigated the association of disease-related and socio-demographic factors and job-related reso......-related resources (organizational climate, social support, and avoidance behavior) with work ability and looked at whether these associations were different for the survivors and reference subjects....

  20. Factors influencing work functioning after cancer diagnosis : a focus group study with cancer survivors and occupational health professionals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorland, H. F.; Abma, F. I.; Roelen, C. A. M.; Smink, J. G.; Ranchor, A. V.; Bultmann, U.

    2016-01-01

    Cancer survivors (CSs) frequently return to work, but little is known about work functioning after return to work (RTW). We aimed to identify barriers and facilitators of work functioning among CSs. Three focus groups were conducted with CSs (n = 6, n = 8 and n = 8) and one focus group with occupati

  1. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure, party...... heuristics and voting models. Next, the article measures the brand value of Danish parties by utilizing a representative association analysis. Finally, this measure is used to conduct the very first empirical analysis of a party brand's effect on voting behavior. Overall, the primary finding demonstrates...

  2. Trans-Agency Early-Life Exposures and Cancer Working Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Trans-Agency Early-Life Exposures and Cancer Working Group promotes integration of early-life events and exposures into public health cancer research, control, prevention, and policy strategies to reduce the cancer burden in the United States and globally.

  3. Return to work of breast cancer survivors: a systematic review of intervention studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.L. Hoving; M.L.A. Broekhuizen; M.H.W. Frings-Dresen

    2009-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Breast cancer management has improved dramatically in the past three decades and as a result, a population of working age women is breast cancer survivor. Interventions for breast cancer survivors have shown improvements in quality of life and in physical and psychological stat

  4. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    OpenAIRE

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-01-01

    Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined ...

  5. [Twelve years of working of Brazzaville cancer registry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nsondé Malanda, Judith; Nkoua Mbon, Jean Bernard; Bambara, Augustin Tozoula; Ibara, Gérard; Minga, Benoît; Nkoua Epala, Brice; Gombé Mbalawa, Charles

    2013-02-01

    The Brazzaville cancer registry was created in 1996 with the support of the International Agency Research against Cancer (IARC) which is located in Lyon, France. The Brazzaville cancer registry is a registry which is based on population which records new cancer cases occurring in Brazzaville by using Canreg 4.0 Software. Its aim is to supply useful information to fight against cancer to physicians and to decision makers. We conducted this study whose target was to determine the incidence of cancer in Brazzaville during twelve years, from January 1st, 1998 to December 31, 2009. During that period 6,048 new cancer cases were recorded: 3,377 women (55.8%), 2,384 men (39.4%), and 287 children (4.8%) from 0 to 14 years old with an annual average of 504 cases. Middle age to the patient's diagnosis was 49.5 years in female sex and 505.5 years old for male sex. The incidence rate of cancers in Brazzaville was 39.8 or 100.000 inhabitants per year and by sex we observed 49 to female sex and 35.2 for male sex. The first cancers localizations observed to women were in order of frequency: breast, cervix uterine, liver ovaries, hematopoietic system, to men : liver, prostate, hematopoietic system, colon and stomach; to children : retina, kidney, hematopoietic system, liver and bones. These rates are the basis to know the burden of cancer among all pathologies of Brazzaville and the achievement of a national cancer control program.

  6. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

      This article investigates what partying means to Danish adolescents aged 14-16. A new theoretical approach to teenage partying is suggested. It combines the structural anthropological tradition of analysing partying and use of alcohol as a rite de passage with a phenomenological perspective which...... situates the event in everyday life. By drawing on Maffesoli's (1996) concept of ‘sociality' and Lincoln's (2005) concept of zoning the spatial and social logic of the house, partying is analysed using both qualitative and quantitative material. The analysis suggests that the consumption of alcohol (i...... to reaffirm friendship and is therefore an integrated part of adolescents' everyday life.  ...

  7. Work-up times in an integrated brain cancer pathway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund Laursen, Emilie; Rasmussen, Birthe Krogh

    2012-01-01

    The integrated brain cancer pathway (IBCP) aims to ensure fast-track diagnostics and treatment for brain cancers in Denmark. This paper focuses on the referral pattern and the time frame of key pathway elements during the first two years following implementation of the IBCP in a regional neurolog...

  8. Uterine/Endometrial Cancer: Working with Your Treatment Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Debut CD “No Evidence of Disease” on Motéma Music, Sept. 8, 2009 Press Release: Expert Contributes to People Weekly Story about the Death of Jade Goody from Cervical Cancer Press Release: Funding by the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation ...

  9. Sickness absence and return to work rates in women with breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roelen, Corne A. M.; Koopmans, Petra C.; de Graaf, Jan H.; Balak, Fulya; Groothoff, Johan W.

    2009-01-01

    Most women are diagnosed with breast cancer when they are of working age. How long are breast cancer patients absent? How many of them return to work? ArboNed Occupational Health Services documents sickness absence data of 1 million workers of whom 40% were women. Between 2001 and 2005, 2,259 women

  10. A Guide for the Assessment and Management of Vitamin D Status in People with Intellectual Disability (Developed as an AADDM Working Party Initiative)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanlint, Simon; Nugent, Michael; Durvasula, Seeta; Downs, Jenny; Leonard, Helen

    2008-01-01

    Vitamin D insufficiency has been associated with adverse health consequences, principally increased falls, osteoporosis, and fractures. Associations have also been proposed between vitamin D insufficiency and diseases of the immune system, cancer, psychiatric disease, respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease and abnormalities of glucose…

  11. 围绕中心服务大局努力提升党建工作科学化水平%Around Center ,Service the Overall Interests and Make Efforts to Exalt the Scientization Level of the Party Construction Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学天

    2011-01-01

    Party construction research work is a momentous component of the party construction work . This paper is based on the reality of Xining city, put forward that how to further engage well with local party construction research work , deeply probe into the substance and regularity of the party construction work, set an accurate target and task, seek for an efficient avenue and method are the requisite and fundament of doing well the party construction work , and also are important working way and contents of the all-levels party organizations.%党建研究是党建工作的重要组成部分。深入探究党建工作的本质和规律,制定正确的目标任务,寻求有效的途径和方法,是做好党建工作的前提和基础,也是各级党组织重要的工作内容和工作方法。文章结合西宁市实际,提出了进一步搞好地方党建研究工作的思路。

  12. Challenges and Countermeasures of Communist Party Building Work in Universities in the Network Era%网络时代高校党建工作面临的挑战及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周正颐

    2016-01-01

    随着信息技术的发展,互联网不仅走入了大学生的生活和学习中,而且作为一种全新的传播媒体,在无形之中影响着大学生的思想和观念,这种影响具有广泛性和深刻性。正因如此,互联网也成为高校党建工作的主要阵地和重要形式。高校党建工作者必须明确网络时代的要求,并充分利用好网络的优势,使党建工作得以顺利开展。%With the development of information technology, Internet has come into the study and life of college students. As a completely new media, it influences college students' thought, ideology, life and study widely and deeply. Therefore, Internet has become the main field and means of the Communist Party building work in universities. Related staff in universities must be aware of the requirement of network era, make full use of the advantages of Internet, to carry out the Communist Party building work smoothly.

  13. Thinking about the work mode of the Geology Class Students Party Building in the new Period%新时期地质类大学生党建工作模式思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓舟; 杨剩富

    2012-01-01

    Face higher requirements of the new era of higher geological education, the geology class students thought the quality of construction has entered a new stage. Characteristics of students in the analysis of geological class students, training requirements and the basis of the employment trend, combined where universities successful practice in the current work of party building practice, and actively explore new ideas and new ways of Student Party work.%新时期高等地质教育面临更高的要求,地质类学生的思想素质建设进入了新的阶段。本文在分析地质类大学生的生源特点、培养要求和就业走向的基础上,结合所在高校当前党建工作实践中一些成功的做法,积极探索学生党建工作的新思路和新方法。

  14. 试析《党政机关公文处理条例》的特点%Analysis of the New Attributes of Regulations on the Work of the Party and Government Organizations Handling Official Documents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茜

    2012-01-01

    General Office of the CPC Central Committee and General Office of the State Council issued an article titled Regulations on the Work of the Party and Government Organs Handling Official Documents on April 16th, 2012. The article standardized and unified the official documents handling in the Party and Government Organs, and efficiently solved the Five Discrepancies problems in the old regulations and methods. Besides, the article demonstrated six attributes, namely generality, scientificness, strictness, practicability, simplicity and mildness. This thesis analyzes the above attributes of the new regulations, and raises several jobs to be done after the im- plementation of the new regulations, with the hope that it would play some positive parts in the work of official documents processing and standardization.%2012年4月16日,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅共同颁布了《党政机关公文处理条例》,对党政机关的公文处理工作进行了规范和统一。新条例有效解决了旧条例、旧办法中“五不一致”的问题,呈现出通用性、科学性、严谨性、实用性、简洁性、平和性等特点。

  15. Worse and worse off: the impact of lymphedema on work and career after breast cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Boyages, John; Kalfa, Senia; Xu, Ying; Koelmeyer, Louise; Mackie, Helen; Viveros, Hector; Taksa, Lucy; Gollan, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Our study examines the impact of breast cancer-related lymphedema on women’s work and career. Our research addresses a significant knowledge gap regarding the additional impact of lymphedema on breast cancer survivors. Methods An online national survey was conducted with 361 women who either had breast cancer without lymphedema (Group 1, n = 209) or breast cancer with lymphedema (Group 2, n = 152). Participant recruitment was supported by the Breast Cancer Network Australia and the Au...

  16. Return to work after early-stage breast cancer : A cohort study into the effects of treatment and cancer-related symptoms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balak, Fulya; Roelen, Corne A. M.; Koopmans, Petra C.; ten Berge, Elike E.; Groothoff, Johan W.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Earlier diagnosis and better treatment have increased the survival rates of cancer patients. This warrants research on return to work of cancer survivors. What is the return to work rate following early-stage breast cancer? What is the effect of the type of treatment and cancer-related

  17. Management of sepsis in neutropenic patients: 2014 updated guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Working Party of the German Society of Hematology and Medical Oncology (AGIHO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penack, Olaf; Becker, Carolin; Buchheidt, Dieter; Christopeit, Maximilian; Kiehl, Michael; von Lilienfeld-Toal, Marie; Hentrich, Marcus; Reinwald, Marc; Salwender, Hans; Schalk, Enrico; Schmidt-Hieber, Martin; Weber, Thomas; Ostermann, Helmut

    2014-07-01

    Sepsis is a major cause of mortality during the neutropenic phase after intensive cytotoxic therapies for malignancies. Improved management of sepsis during neutropenia may reduce the mortality of cancer therapies. Clinical guidelines on sepsis treatment have been published by others. However, optimal management may differ between neutropenic and non-neutropenic patients. Our aim is to give evidence-based recommendations for haematologist, oncologists and intensive care physicians on how to manage adult patients with neutropenia and sepsis.

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC; Irena CAJNER MRAOVIC

    2015-01-01

    The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentio...

  19. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  20. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  1. Return to work of breast cancer survivors: a systematic review of intervention studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frings-Dresen MHW

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast cancer management has improved dramatically in the past three decades and as a result, a population of working age women is breast cancer survivor. Interventions for breast cancer survivors have shown improvements in quality of life and in physical and psychological states. In contrast, efforts aimed at stimulating re-employment and return-to-work interventions for breast cancer survivors have not kept pace. The objective of this review was to study the effects and characteristics of intervention studies on breast cancer survivors in which the outcome was return to work. Methods The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (The Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2006, Medline, Ovid, EMBASE and PsychInfo were systematically searched for studies conducted between 1970 to February 2007. Intervention studies for female breast cancer survivors that were focused on return to work were included. Results Our search strategy identified 5219 studies. Four studies out of 100 potentially relevant abstracts were selected and included 46–317 employed women who had had mastectomy, adjuvant therapy and rehabilitation, with the outcome return to work. The intervention programs focused on improvement of physical, psychological and social recovery. Although a substantial percentage (between 75% to 85% of patients included in these studies returned to work after rehabilitation, it is not clear whether this proportion would have been lower for patients without counseling or exercise, or any other interventions, as three out of four studies did not include a comparison group. Conclusion The most important finding of this review is the lack of methodologically sound intervention studies on breast cancer survivors with the outcome return to work. Using evidence from qualitative and observational studies on cancer and the good results of intervention studies on return to work programs and vocational rehabilitation, return to work interventions for breast

  2. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More...... specifically I address the question of why the radical Basque nationalist political party Herri Batasuna and its successors, and the republican parties Sinn Féin and the Republican Clubs, enjoyed periods of legality and illegality during periods in which they all were involved in (separate) violent campaigns...... against established authorities. I adopt a ‘discursive institutionalist’ approach and argue that decisions to ban the political parties linked to the IRA and ETA can be explained at least in part by the dominance of a ‘discourse of intolerance’ in which proscription is seen predominantly as a problem...

  3. Considerations of the Respective Parties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Yang: There has appeared a tendency of "Peaceful resolution" and "multilateral cooperation" in the process of resolving the Korean nuclear issue. By the way, with regard to topic of our present discussion, I think that "multilateralism" is more proper than "regionalism. " Multilateralism usually means, "several countries (at least three countries) work out common rules of behavior in order to jointly resolve international issues" through long cooperation and in institutional patterns. Its concept is not in contradiction with regionalism. Instead of taking geographic factors and scale as standards, it considers the number of participating countries, their interactive pattern and process as the center.Northeast Asian security can't excludes the participation of USA-the only outside party. Although Mongolia, the only Northern Asian country, is most close to Northeast Asia, it has not been included in the framework of the Six-Party talks so far.

  4. Party Formation and Racism

    OpenAIRE

    Anesi, Vincent; De Donder, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    We develop a model where voters differ in their exogenous income and in their ideological views regarding what we call 'racism'. Electoral competition, modelled à la Levy (2004), takes place between (one or several) parties which propose platforms consisting of both an ideological and an economic dimension. Our objective is to explain the emergence of racist policies when a majority of voters is not racist, and to understand the role played by political parties in this emergence. We first sho...

  5. Night-shift work and breast cancer risk in a cohort of Chinese women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pronk, A.; Ji, B.T.; Shu, X.O.; Xue, S.; Yang, G.; Li, H.L.; Rothman, N.; Gao, Y.T.; Zheng, W.; Chow, W.H.

    2010-01-01

    Shift work involving disruption of circadian rhythms has been classified as a probable cause of human cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, based on limited epidemiologic evidence and abundant experimental evidence. The authors investigated this association in a population-based

  6. 略论互联网对高校党建工作的影响及对策%The Impact of Internet on the Party Construction Work in Universities and some Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高伟; 陈明华

    2012-01-01

    分析了互联网对高校党建工作带来的挑战和影响,提出利用网络开展高校党建工作,成为当前高校党建工作的一个重要途径。互联网时代高校党建工作必须紧紧围绕培养德智体美全面发展的社会主义建设者和接班人这一中心任务,充分发掘和利用网络的积极作用,不断创新党建工作形式,从而真正提高党建工作的实效性。%This paper analyzes the challenges brought by internet and its impact on the Party construction work in universities,and suggests that internet should be regarded as an important approach to the present construction work.It is stated the work should orient on the cultivation of socialist builders and successors featuring an all-round development in morality,intelligence,physique and art,make the most of the positive functions of internet,and keep on innovating the construction work methods in order to truly improve the effectiveness of the work.

  7. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentioned 4 phases of political parties’ development and 4 phases of parties' finances development; it will be analysed in detail positive and negative sides of each of the models of party financing.

  8. Towards global political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heikki Patomäki

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available While the transnational public sphere has existed in the Arendtian sense at least since the mid-19th century, a new kind of reflexively political global civil society emerged in the late 20th century. However, non-governmental organisations (NGOs, advocacy groups, and networks have limited agendas and legitimacy and, without the support of at least one state, limited means to realise changes. Since 2001, the World Social Forum (WSF has formed a key attempt in forging links and ties of solidarity among diverse actors. Although the WSF may seem a party of opinion when defined negatively against neoliberal globalisation, imperialism, and violence, in more positive ideological terms it remains a rather incoherent collection of diverse actors; while itself defined as a mere open space. There is a quest for new forms of agency such as a world political party. Various historical predecessors of global political parties, real and imagined, provide conceptual resources, useful experiences for envisaging the structure, and function of a possible planetary party-formation. H.G. Wells's ‘open conspiracy’ is a particularly important future-oriented left-democratic vision. Wells believed that only a mass movement of truly committed individuals and groups could have the power to transform the world political organisation, by creating a democratic world commonwealth. Recently, for instance, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri have formulated similar ideas. I argue that transformative political agency presupposes a shared programme, based on common elements of a wider and deeper world-view, and willingness to engage in processes of collective will-formation in terms of democratic procedures. From this perspective, I outline a possible organisation and some substantial directions for a global political party.. The point is also to respond to the criticism of existing parties and cultivate the critical-pluralist ethos of global civil society, but in terms of

  9. 在党建工作中有效树立高职生的共产主义人生观%Foster Higher Vocational Students’Communist Outlook on Life Effectively in Party Construction Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢雅楠; 魏银霞

    2014-01-01

    Communism philosophy is a deep consideration of Marxism world view on people’s life.It is also an important part of proletariat’s outlook of the world .According to problems in higher vocational students’party con-struction works,this paper analyzes the importance of setting up higher vocational college students’outlook on com-munism and the ways to do this.%共产主义人生观是马克思主义世界观对人生的深入思考,是无产阶级世界观的重要组成部分。本文结合当前高职生党建工作存在的问题,分析了树立高职生共产主义人生观的重要意义,并探讨了如何树立的相关对策。

  10. Work stress and cancer researchers: an exploration of the challenges, experiences and training needs of UK cancer researchers

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, F; Hicks, B.; Yarker, J

    2014-01-01

    Work stress is a significant issue for many UK healthcare professionals, in particular those working in the field of oncology. However, there have been very few attempts to explore the challenges, experiences or training needs of researchers working in cancer research. In doing so, we will be better positioned to support and develop these researchers. 18 UK oncology researchers from a variety of backgrounds took part in a semi-structured interview. Interviews were transcribed and analysed...

  11. Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC). Presentations and documents submitted to the 28. meeting, OECD Headquarters, Conference Centre, Paris, France, 9-13 May 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. The 28. Meeting of the WPEC was the occasion to review the experimental activities, the evaluation projects and the Status of subgroups. This document brings together the available documents of the meeting: 1 - The Reports on experimental activities: Europe (NEA DB), Japan, USA, China; 2 - Some Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects: ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, BROND/ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, TENDL; 3 - The Status of subgroups: Subgroup 37 (Improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies); Subgroup 38 (A modern nuclear database structure beyond the ENDF format); Subgroup 39 (Methods and approaches to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data files); Subgroup 40 (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Pilot Project); Subgroup 41 (Improving nuclear data accuracy of 241Am and 237Np capture cross-sections); Subgroup 42 (Thermal Scattering Kernel S(a,b): Measurement, Evaluation and Application); Subgroup C (High Priority Request List - HPRL); New Subgroups were proposed and presented: 43 - Code infrastructure to support a general nuclear database structure; WPEC long-term sub-group proposal: International standard for a general nuclear database structure

  12. Breast cancer screening in the working population. Current status and future issues in Tokyo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We conducted a comparative study of breast cancer mass screening by the Tokyo Health Service Association for the regional and working population. The mammographic screening rate has been over 90% for all examinees since 2004, and the rate of inspection and palpation has been almost 0% in the regional population, although the rate was still 24% of all screenings among the working population even in 2006. In the working population the average age at which breast cancer screening was done was younger than in the regional population. The proportion of the population under 40 was 38.4% in 2003 and 35.7% in 2006, and in this population the rates of mammography, ultrasonography, and inspection and palpation were almost the same. This suggests a degree of confusion about breast cancer screening among younger women. The breast cancer detection rate was significantly better in the regional than in the working population. However, there was no significant difference in the rate between the two populations in the 40- to 59- year age range. In conclusion, the breast cancer screening system for the regional population has been improved as a result of the official notices of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. On the other hand, the data for the working population have not been favorable because of age-related factors and the methods used for screening. It will be necessary to refine the screening system for the working population to improve not only screening efficacy but also the breast cancer mortality rate. (author)

  13. Discussion of Practicing the Party 's Mass Line in the Work of College Students%高校学生工作中坚持群众路线理念刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛; 孙国茜; 陈惠如

    2014-01-01

    群众路线是中国共产党的根本工作路线,也是党的根本的领导作风和工作方法,是党的群众观点的具体化。当前高校学生工作需要贯彻落实群众路线,坚持“以生为本”的工作理念,落实学生主体地位,促进学生成长成才,具有重要指导意义。%The mass line is the basic work of the communist party of China, is also the fundamental style of leadership and work methods, is the embodiment of its mass view the current university student work need to carry out the mass line, adhere to born to this idea of work, to carry out the student main body status, promote the students to grow up, has important guiding significance.

  14. “车厢文化暠:支部党建工作到班组的有效载体%Party Branch Work Goes to Basic-Level Teams through"Shuttle Bus Culture"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李茂山

    2014-01-01

    车厢文化是企业文化不可或缺的组成部分,是精神文明建设的重要阵地。是宣传和弘扬社会主义新文化、强化企业管理、增强员工素质、提高服务质量的有效手段。输气汽车队党支部根据工作实际,依托“车厢文化暠建设,开展各种形式的党建活动,创造了具有自身特点的团队文化,使党建工作落实到班组,“触角暠延伸到“前沿暠。在运送员工的短暂途中,能够最大限度地运用车厢的狭小空间,演绎具有鲜明个性和时代特征的车厢文化,使车厢文化成为彰显企业管理水平,增强员工素质,树立企业形象的载体。%Shuttle bus culture is an integral part of corporate culture,as well as the important position of the construction of spiritual civilization.It's also an effective means to publicize and promote new socialist culture,strengthen enterprise manage-ment,enhance staff quality,and improve the quality of service.In recent years,according to the actual work and the"shuttle bus culture"construction,party branch of the Motorcade in the Gas Transmission provided various kinds of activities,created its own unique team culture,making the party-building go deep into the basic-level teams,"tentacles"extending to"front". On the way of transporting employees,we can make full use of the small compartment to perform a shuttle bus culture with distinct time characteristics.In this way,the shuttle bus culture can be the approach to embody the enterprise's management level and enhance the staff quality.It can reflect the valuation concepts beliefs,ethics and the code of conduct of party mem-bers.

  15. Patient care and the general practitioner. Joint Working Party of the Welsh Council of the Royal College of General Practitioners and the Welsh General Medical Services Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-10-29

    The role of general practitioners is being redefined in the light of the emphasis on more care in the community, economic factors, and patients' expectations. The strength of general practice lies in the doctor-patient relationship; this strength must not be lost sight of. Specific tasks of the general practitioner include the responsibility for the care of individuals; the role of gatekeeper; broad knowledge of curative, preventive; and rehabilitative medicine; teamwork; management; and development of population based strategies. Future work patterns include the general practitioner first and foremost as a clinician and an integrator of health services, but they also involve audit, education and training, research, management, and relations with organisations in the public, private, and voluntary sectors. It is important to make changes only when they benefit patients and to maintain the principle of equity of access to care. PMID:7987112

  16. Review of achievements of the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials' Testing and Assessment Programme. From exploratory testing to test guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Kirsten; González, Mar; Kearns, Peter; Sintes, Juan Riego; Rossi, François; Sayre, Phil

    2016-02-01

    This paper charts the almost ten years of history of OECD's work on nanosafety, during which the programme of the OECD on the Testing and Assessment of Manufactured Nanomaterials covered the testing of eleven nanomaterials for about 59 end-points addressing physical-chemical properties, mammalian and environmental toxicity, environmental fate and material safety. An overview of the materials tested, the test methods applied and the discussions regarding the applicability of the OECD test guidelines, which are recognised methods for regulatory testing of chemicals, are given. The results indicate that many existing OECD test guidelines are suitable for nanomaterials and consequently, hazard data collected using such guidelines will fall under OECD's system of Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) which is a legally binding instrument to facilitate the international acceptance of information for the regulatory safety assessment of chemicals. At the same time, some OECD test guidelines and guidance documents need to be adapted to address nanomaterials while new test guidelines and guidance documents may be needed to address endpoints that are more relevant to nanomaterials. This paper presents examples of areas where test guidelines or guidance for nanomaterials are under development.

  17. Appraising Party Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    An efficient cadre appraisal system guarantees cadres of the Communist Party of China will serve the people wholeheartedly According to the Progress in A China’s Human Rights in 2009 white paper,there were more than 2.9 million ethnic-minority cadres in China,accounting for 7.4 percent

  18. Have a Pennsylvania Party!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Nancy

    1981-01-01

    Describes a social studies unit on Pennsylvania for third graders. As a final activity, students hold a Pennsylvania party at which they use pictures of famous people from the state with other state symbols as decorations, and serve foods grown in the state for refreshments. (AM)

  19. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More spe...

  20. Persecution by third parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, Ben; Spijkerboer, Thomas; Zwaan, Karin; Fernhout, Roel

    1998-01-01

    As a large number of the present day asylum claims concern situations of civil war or of a break down of (central) governmental authority the issue of persecution by third parties is of great importance. Although the main characteristics of the different positions are clear, precise information abou

  1. The Quality of Working Life Questionnaire for Cancer Survivors (QWLQ-CS): a Pre-test Study

    OpenAIRE

    de Jong, Merel; Tamminga, Sietske J; de Boer, Angela G E M; Frings-Dresen, Monique H.W.

    2016-01-01

    Background Returning to and continuing work is important to many cancer survivors, but also represents a challenge. We know little about subjective work outcomes and how cancer survivors perceive being returned to work. Therefore, we developed the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire for Cancer Survivors (QWLQ-CS). Our aim was to pre-test the items of the initial QWLQ-CS on acceptability and comprehensiveness. In addition, item retention was performed by pre-assessing the relevance scores an...

  2. Using intervention mapping to develop a work-related guidance tool for those affected by cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munir Fehmidah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Working-aged individuals diagnosed and treated for cancer require support and assistance to make decisions regarding work. However, healthcare professionals do not consider the work-related needs of patients and employers do not understand the full impact cancer can have upon the employee and their work. We therefore developed a work-related guidance tool for those diagnosed with cancer that enables them to take the lead in stimulating discussion with a range of different healthcare professionals, employers, employment agencies and support services. The tool facilitates discussions through a set of questions individuals can utilise to find solutions and minimise the impact cancer diagnosis, prognosis and treatment may have on their employment, sick leave and return to work outcomes. The objective of the present article is to describe the systematic development and content of the tool using Intervention Mapping Protocol (IMP. Methods The study used the first five steps of the intervention mapping process to guide the development of the tool. A needs assessment identified the ‘gaps’ in information/advice received from healthcare professionals and other stakeholders. The intended outcomes and performance objectives for the tool were then identified followed by theory-based methods and an implementation plan. A draft of the tool was developed and subjected to a two-stage Delphi process with various stakeholders. The final tool was piloted with 38 individuals at various stages of the cancer journey. Results The tool was designed to be a self-led tool that can be used by any person with a cancer diagnosis and working for most types of employers. The pilot study indicated that the tool was relevant and much needed. Conclusions Intervention Mapping is a valuable protocol for designing complex guidance tools. The process and design of this particular tool can lend itself to other situations both occupational and more health

  3. Affiliation to the work market after curative treatment of head-and-neck cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Trille; Bøje, Charlotte Rotbøl; Olsen, Maja Halgren;

    2013-01-01

    Survivors of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) are more severely affected in regard to affiliation to the work market than other cancer survivors. Few studies have investigated associations between socioeconomic and disease-related factors and work market affiliation after cura...... curative treatment of HNSCC. We investigated the factors for early retirement pension due to disability and unemployment in patients who had been available for work one year before diagnosis....

  4. The breast cancer incidence risk among females and a hazards in the microenvironments of work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brunon Zemła

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background. In the earlier examinations on the Silesia voivodeship territory was found ultimately that in the districts with greatest development of industry the incidence of breast cancer was significantly greater in native females (stationary population than in immigrants (no stationary population, which suggests that there is a harmful influence of industrial pollutants in the female population (a longer time living in such conditions. It is possible that various chemical compounds especially from industrial-communal emissions and in the place of work – in the atmosphere contribute to a rise in the incidence of breast cancer in females as well. Material and methods. In analyse case-control type two women populations, i.e. natives – 540 cases with a breast cancer and 687 cases of control (women born within Silesia voivodeship, and immigrants – 319 cases of ills for breast cancer and 446 not-ills (all ones born outside Silesia voivodeship – were examinated. Anywhere in this case checking thesis whether character and long-time of hazards in microenvironment of work is significant in a risk of breast cancer. Results. The females that manually working without hazards in the place of work were characterized a bigger breast cancer risk – independently from place of birth (natives, immigrants, age group (30, 31–40, 41–50, 51–60, 60 and total age and the endemic areas about statistically significantly high or low incidence and mortality (tab. II, III. It can not distinguished in this study no bigger females group with any characteristic impurities in the place of work comparatively suffering groups to controls ones. Conclusions. In this study the occupational risk factors are small significant mark in the incidence for female breast cancer.

  5. Relationship between the party history work and the construction of socialism core value system%党史工作与构建社会主义核心价值体系的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢留枝

    2012-01-01

      The construction of the socialist core value system, formed the whole nation to advance the spirit power and the harmonious spirit link, sixteen sessions of six CCP plenary conferences proposed important task.The Communist Party of China in the long struggle to pass through the hard road and glorious history, but also the process of the formation of the socialist core value system.One of the important tasks of party history work, is to extensively publicize the Chinese revolution during the formation of the noble spirit and monumental style, the national spirit and the spirit of the times win support among the people, social integration, become the powerful impetus of our future. Therefore, on the history course and the history of the nature of the work, the two are inseparable, are indispensable.%  建设社会主义核心价值体系,形成全民族奋发向上的精神力量和团结和睦的精神纽带,是十六届六中全会中提出的重要任务。中国共产党在长期奋斗中所走过的艰辛道路和光辉历程,同时也是社会主义核心价值体系形成的过程。党史工作的重要任务之一,就是要广泛深入地宣传中国革命过程中形成的崇高的精神与不朽的风范,使民族精神和时代精神深入人心、融入社会,成为我们继往开来的强大推动力。因此,就党史的历程和党史工作的性质而言,两者密不可分,缺一不可。

  6. How asymmetric funding of parties can lead to political polarization

    OpenAIRE

    Köppl Turyna, Monika

    2015-01-01

    This work analyzes the impact of asymmetric financial constraints on the platforms of parties using a formal model of elections. Main results show that when a party faces a tight financial constraint the platform chosen in equilibrium is further away from its ideal point compared to the case when the campaign expenses are not limited. Moreover, we have shown that the platform of the party which is facing a tighter financial constraint is further away from its ideal point than of the opponent....

  7. Parties working on continuation of ITER EDA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article describes efforts of the 4 ITER partners, the European Atomic Energy Community and the governments of Japan, the Russian Federation and the USA, to agree to continuation of the ITER EDA. While the former 3 partners signed an Extension to the EDA, the Americans were refused funding by the US Congress und will therefore be phased out within one year. Copies of the documents signed are provided

  8. Cancer in persons working in dry cleaning in the Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynge, Elsebeth; Andersen, Aage; Rylander, Lars;

    2006-01-01

    (CI), 0.34-1.69], but our study was hampered by some unclassifiable cases. The risks of cancer of the gastric cardia, liver, pancreas, and kidney and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were not significantly increased.Assistants in dry-cleaning shops had a borderline significant excess risk of cervical cancer......U.S. studies have reported an increased risk of esophageal and some other cancers in dry cleaners exposed to tetrachloroethylene. We investigated whether the U.S. findings could be reproduced in the Nordic countries using a series of case-control studies nested in cohorts of laundry and dry......-cleaning workers identified from the 1970 censuses in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland. Dry-cleaning work in the Nordic countries during the period when tetrachloroethylene was the dominant solvent was not associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer [rate ratio (RR) = 0.76; 95% confidence interval...

  9. Tan Zheng,s On the Problems of Army Political Work and the Maturity and Development of Party Building Theory for the Armed Forces%谭政《关于军队政治工作问题》的报告与军队党建理论成熟与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠虎

    2014-01-01

    Delegated by the Party Central and Mao Zedong, Tan Zheng made the report On the Problems of Ar-my Political Work at the Northwestern Senior Cadres, Meeting to elaborate a series of theoretical principles for party building in the armed forces. The report expounded the status and effects of party building in the armed forces, clarified the fundamental tasks of party building in the armed forces, revealed the essential relationship between party building and military building in the armed forces, raised a series of principles for party ideological building in the armed forces, and proposed important arguments such as necessity of scientification and continuous institu-tional innovation for party building in armed forces. The Tan Zheng Report is an important part of Mao Zedong Thought on party building, a programmatic document to guide party building in the armed forces, and still has e-normous guiding significance for party building in the armed forces under the new historical situations.%谭政受党中央、毛泽东同志的委托,在西北局高干会上做的《关于军队政治工作问题》的报告,阐述了军队党的建设一系列重大理论原则:阐明了军队党的建设的地位作用,明确了军队党的建设的根本任务,揭示了军队党的建设与军队建设的本质联系,提出了军队党的思想建设的一系列原则,提出了军队党的建设要科学化和不断进行制度创新等重要观点。《谭政报告》是毛泽东建党思想的重要组成部分,是指导军队党的建设的纲领性文件,对新的历史条件下军队党建仍具有巨大的指导意义。

  10. LEGO for Two-Party Secure Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Orlandi, Claudio

    2009-01-01

    This paper continues the recent line of work of making Yao’s garbled circuit approach to two-party computation secure against an active adversary. We propose a new cut-and-choose based approach called LEGO (Large Efficient Garbled-circuit Optimization): It is specifically aimed at large circuits...

  11. Night work and breast cancer risk in a general population prospective cohort study in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koppes, L.J.J.; Geuskens, G.A.; Pronk, A.; Vermeulen, R.C.H.; Vroome, E.M.M. de

    2014-01-01

    Experimental studies in animals indicate that disruption of the circadian rhythm is carcinogenic, and night work has been suggested to be a probable breast cancer cause in humans. Findings among humans, however are inconsistent, often gathered with retrospective study designs, and only based on spec

  12. Commentary on Ethnic Solidarity Work of the Communist Party of China before the Democratic Reform in Tibet%民主改革前党的西藏民族团结工作分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴海燕

    2014-01-01

    Ethnic Solidarity is the foundation of the harmonious development of the society. No eth⁃nic solidarity, no real national equality and harmonious society. Ethnic solidarity is a state of reality, which has a long and complex process to achieve. To consolidate and strengthen the unity of all ethnic groups, it is important for us to attach the practices in ethnic areas. The ethnic solidarity work experience of the Communist Party of China before the democratic reform in Tibet has provided beneficial reference for us to deal with the current ethnic solidarity work.%民族团结是社会和谐与发展进步的基石。没有民族团结,就无法实现真正的民族平等,无法最终实现社会和谐。在具体的社会实践中,民族团结既是一个复杂的过程,又是一种现实状态。巩固和加强各民族的大团结,应重视考察民族地区的民族团结工作实践。中国共产党在西藏民主改革前的民族团结工作及经验,为我们做好现实民族团结进步工作提供了有益参考和借鉴。

  13. Are work-related stressors associated with diagnosis of more advanced stages of incident breast cancers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Naja Rod; Stahlberg, Claudia; Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the relation between work-related stressors and breast cancer incidence and prognostic characteristics (estrogen receptor status, grade, lymph node status, size, stage) at the time of diagnosis. METHODS: The 18,932 women included in the Danish Nurse Cohort reported work......-related stressors in 1993 and again in 1999 and were followed until the end of 2003 in national registries. Prognostic characteristics were obtained from a clinical database and fewer than 0.1% were lost to follow up. RESULTS: During follow-up, 455 women were diagnosed with breast cancer. Neither women with high...... work pressure (HR = 1.17; 95% CI: 0.79, 1.73) nor women with self-reported low influence on work organization (0.98; 0.69, 1.39) or long working hours (0.93; 0.54, 1.58) were at higher risk of breast cancer than women with no such stressors. Women with high work tempo had a slightly higher risk...

  14. Multipartite entanglement verification resistant against dishonest parties

    CERN Document Server

    Pappa, Anna; Wehner, Stephanie; Diamanti, Eleni; Kerenidis, Iordanis

    2011-01-01

    Future quantum information networks will likely consist of quantum and classical agents, who have the ability to communicate in a variety of ways with trusted and untrusted parties and securely delegate computational tasks to untrusted large-scale quantum computing servers. Multipartite quantum entanglement is a fundamental resource for such a network and hence it is imperative to study the possibility of verifying a multipartite entanglement source in a way that is efficient and provides strong guarantees even in the presence of multiple dishonest parties. In this work, we show how an agent of a quantum network can perform a distributed verification of a multipartite entangled source with minimal resources, which is, nevertheless, resistant against any number of dishonest parties. Moreover, we provide a tight tradeoff between the level of security and the distance between the state produced by the source and the ideal maximally entangled state. Last, by adding the resource of a trusted common random source, ...

  15. 试析高职院校发展学生党员工作中的马克思主义理论教育问题%On the Problem of Marxist Theory Education during the Work Developing the College Student Party Members

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易燕萍

    2012-01-01

    马克思主义理论教育是党建工作的基础,本文对我国高职院校发展学生党员工作中的马克思主义理论教育问题进行了分析,提出从转变观念、思政课改革和教育资源的整合等方面,加强对学生入党积极分子的马克思主义理论素质的培养。%Marxist theory education is the foundation of the Party. This paper analyses Marxist theory education problem during the work of the developing the college student party members and explores how to cultivate students party activists Marxist theoretical quality from changing the idea, reforming political education course and integrating educational resources.

  16. No Value for Routine Chest Radiography in the Work-Up of Early Stage Cervical Cancer Patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogendam, Jacob P.; Zweemer, Ronald P.; Verkooijen, Helena M.; de Jong, Pim A.; van den Bosch, Maurice A. A. J.; Verheijen, Rene H. M.; Veldhuis, WB

    2015-01-01

    Aim Evidence supporting the recommendation to include chest radiography in the work-up of all cervical cancer patients is limited. We investigated the diagnostic value of routine chest radiography in cervical cancer staging. Methods All consecutive cervical cancer patients who presented at our terti

  17. Night work, total occupational burden and cancer/cardiovascular risk factors in physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedić Olesja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Lifestyle-related risk factors: smoking, obesity, sedentariness and excess alcohol intake are among the most important known causes of cancer and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between these lifestyle-related risk factors for cancer/cardiovascular disease and working conditions among surgeons/anesthesiologists and other physicians. Material and Methods. The study was carried out among physicians aged 35 to 60, without diagnosed coronary heart disease or other structural heart disease, who were employed at the Novi Sad University Hospital. The participation rate was high (> 90%. The physicians completed the Occupational Stress Index. Low lifestyle-related cancer/cardiovascular risk was defined as: not a current smoker, body mass index < 28, regular recreational physical activity and not consuming alcohol every day. Analysis of covariance was performed. Results. Of 191 physicians included in this study only 23 (12.0% had a low lifestyle- related cancer/cardiovascular risk. Surgeons/anesthesiologists faced a heavier total work stressor burden than physicians in other profiles (87.7±8.8 versus 74.1±10.5, p=0.000. Among the 56 surgeons/anesthesiologists, lower nightshift work scores were associated with low lifestyle-related cancer/cardiovascular risk (F=4.19, p=0.046. A lower overall work stressor burden was associated with low risk among the other 135 physicians (F=4.06, p=0.046. Conclusion. Specific workplace intervention strategies are urgently needed. Among the surgeons/anesthesiologists these should include reduction in the frequency of night call and improvement of the overall conditions of nightshift work. Among other physicians, the total occupational burden needs to be diminished.

  18. 基于第三方可信云的安全协同工作方案%A Secure Collaborative Work Scheme on the Basis of the Third Party Credible Cloud

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘定; 陈婷婷

    2014-01-01

    With a variety of private cloud or public cloud universal applications, security issues of cloud computing have become a hot spot. On the basis of other scholars research of cloud security, this paper discusses major security risks in free cloud computing environments nowadays, constructs a secure collaborative work scheme on the basis of the third party credible cloud, and analyzes its detailed structure and principles. The third credible cloud includes three main modules: authentication, key distribution and data transmission, and monitoring management. The scheme conduces to a variety of cloud entities security and is of high feasibility.%随着各种私有云或公有云的普及应用,云计算的安全问题成了热点。在其他学者对于云计算安全研究的基础上,探讨了目前自由云计算环境下的主要安全风险,构建一个基于第三方可信云的安全协调工作方案,并对其结构和原理进行了具体的分析。第三方可信云包括身份认证、密钥发布和数据传输、监控管理三个主要模块,该方案有利于各种云实体安全协同工作且可行性高。

  19. Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haines, Annette M.

    2003-01-01

    Draws upon Maria Montessori's writings to examine work as a universal human tendency throughout life. Discusses the work of adaptation of the infant, work of "psycho-muscular organism" for the preschooler, work of the imagination for the elementary child, community work of the adolescent, and work of the adult. Asserts that Montessorians' role is…

  20. Problems in Student Party Member Development Work in Private Colleges and Countermeasures%浅谈民办高校学生党员发展工作存在的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢红林; 周红祥

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes problems which exist in developing students Party Members in civilian-run colleges and universities and puts forward active measures which suits to developing students Party Members in civilian-run colleges and universities so that characteristics of developing students Party Members in civilian-run colleges and universities could be formed.%本文就民办高校学生党员发展工作存在的主要问题进行分析,提出了适合民办高校学生党员发展工作的积极对策,从而形成民办高校学生党员发展工作的特色。

  1. Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology

    OpenAIRE

    J. Shola Omotola

    2009-01-01

    Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon ...

  2. Architectural and engineering design work for the Nevada Cancer Institute facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this project was to complete the architectural and engineering design, program planning, and other preliminary work necessary to construct the new Nevada Cancer Institute facility. These goals were accomplished with the construction of a new building of approximately 119,000 gross square feet. The facility houses the diagnostic and radio therapeutic treatment laboratories, radiation oncology treatment facility, physician offices, and clinical research areas

  3. Impact of multidisciplinary team working on the management of colorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Ying-jiang; G. J. Poston; WANG Shan; SHEN Zhan-long; SUN Xian-tao; WANG Zhi-feng; SHEN Dan-hua; LIU Hui-jun; ZHANG Wan-lei; CHEN Ya-lin; ZHOU Jing

    2012-01-01

    Background The continual and rapid development of techniques which are used for diagnosis and treatment makes management of colorectal cancer more difficult depending on single discipline.Colorectal cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) working model is recommended by UK and other countries,but there is little information on the impact of MDT working on management of colorectal cancer in China.The aim of this study was to assess the effect on management of colorectal cancer after the inception of an MDT.Methods A total of 595 consecutive colorectal cancer patients were referred to the Department of Gastroenterological Surgery,the pre-MDT cohort include 297 patients,recruited from January 1999 to November 2002,and the MDT cohort had 298 patients enrolled from December 2002 to September 2006.Information recorded included:TNM stage from histological reports,degree of differentiation,the number of examined lymph nodes and CT TNM staging performed or not,and its accuracy,including local and distant recurrence.Results The number of examined lymph nodes and the accuracy of TNM staging by CT in the MDT group were significantly more than those in pre-MDT group.CT TNM staging was more accurate in the MDT group compared to the pre-MDT group (P=-0.044).The rate of tumor recurrence in the MDT group was lower than pre-MDT group (log-rank test,P <0.001).Multivariate analysis revealed that age (P=0.001),management after inception of the MDT (P=0.002),degree of differentiation (P=0.003),number of examined lymph nodes (P=0.002),and TNM stage (P=0.000) were important factors that independently influence overall survival.Conclusions The inception of MDT working improved the diagnostic accuracy and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients.MDT working promoted communication and cooperation between disciplines and ensured high-quality diagnosis,evidence-based decision making,and optimal treatment planning.

  4. Work at night and breast cancer--report on evidence-based options for preventive actions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Jens Peter; Hansen, Johnni; Kolstad, Henrik Albert;

    2012-01-01

    is needed before definite recommendations can be made. Earlier or more intensive mammography screening among female night shift worker is not recommended because the harm-benefit ratio in this age group may not be beneficial. Preventive effects of melatonin supplementation on breast cancer risk have...... by suppression of melatonin secretion. Work during the night is widespread worldwide. To provide additional evidence-based recommendations on prevention of diseases related to night shift work, large studies on the impact of various shift schedules and type of light on circadian rhythms need to be conducted...

  5. How the third party logistics enterprise informationization to improve work efficiency and service quality%如何通过信息化提高第三方物流企业工作效率及服务质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高学用; 李妮; 冯四龙

    2013-01-01

    the third party logistics product is service, the service is good and bad directly affects the enterprise's reputation,competitiveness, ultimately affect the efficiency of enterprises,so the third party logistics enterprises to improve business efficiency and service quality. In this paper,the third party logistics enterprises in the meaning and characteristics of service quality is defined,and the research and analysis of the satisfaction of customers, and to explore the influencing factors of customer satisfaction, the third party logistics enterprises to improve the satisfaction of customers.%  第三方物流的产品就是服务,其服务的好与差直接影响的是企业的声誉、竞争力,最终影响的是企业的效益,所以第三方物流企业要在提升企业的工作效率以及服务质量上下功夫。本文就第三方的物流企业在服务质量涵义和特点上进行了界定,并研究分析了顾客的满意度特性,探讨影响顾客的满意度因素,提出第三方物流企业提高顾客的满意度方法。

  6. Re-designing the everyday; The use and perception of time among cancer patients combining work and treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauge, Bettina

    2016-01-01

    cancer patients performing their jobs while going through demanding treatment programs found time as their main motive for working while being seriously ill. Actions at work point to a time ahead, so by taking part in the time at the workplace they were inscribed in a future presently under pressure...... by their cancer diagnosis. The article describes how cancer struck women and men perceived time in their different life-worlds, at work, at home on temporary sick leave, and at the hospital, and it shows how these perceptions changed during the process of recovery.To these people time appeared in three forms......: A time beyond control, realizing that they had cancer; taking control of time, discovering that they could go to work; the time of the future, which was their new perception of time as cured. This new perception of time reflected the incidental discovery of the cancer, realizing life as coincidental...

  7. End of Year Party Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GREGGWYCHERLEY

    2004-01-01

    We all remember the raucous end of year office party, where everybody drinks too much, wears silly party hats and ends up doing something best forgotten.Traditionally the venue is the office itself,strung up with a few makeshift decorations,combined with a table-load of food and drink, and offyou go.

  8. Party Organization and Electoral Competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Castanheira (Micael); B.S.Y. Crutzen (Benoît); N. Sahuguet (Nicolas)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractWe propose a model in which two parties select the internal organization that helps them win the election. Party choices provide incentives to the politicians who represent them. Depending on whether politicians are opportunistic or partisan, we identify four effects. First, a selection

  9. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eivind Grip, Fjær,; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    immoral; (4) stylistically, by altering their stylistic expressions through dress, demeanor, and consumption; and (5) experientially, because the parties generate mood and mind alterations. These are overlapping and intertwined elements, the combination of which amounts to a distinct type of youth party...

  10. Why political context is key in determining the parties interest groups choose to collaborate with

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Otjes, Simon; Rasmussen, Anne

    2015-01-01

    When interest groups choose to collaborate with political parties what determines the type of party they opt to work with? Anne Rasmussen and Simon Otjes write that the two key elements shaping this decision are typically the ideological similarities between the interest group and the party, togethe

  11. 16 CFR 1507.11 - Party poppers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Party poppers. 1507.11 Section 1507.11... FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.11 Party poppers. Party poppers (also known by other names such as “Champagne Party Poppers,” and “Party Surprise Poppers,”) shall not contain more than 0.25 grains of...

  12. Opportunistic screening actions for breast cancer performed by nurses working in primary health care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Cherchiglia de Moraes

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract OBJECTIVE To identify opportunistic screening actions for breast cancer performed by nurses working in primary health care units in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. METHOD Cross-sectional study with 60 nurses from 28 units, who had been working for at least one year in the public municipal health care network. Data were collected between December 2013 and March 2014, by means of a questionnaire, using descriptive analysis and the software IBM SPSS version 20 and Microsoft Excel 2010. RESULTS The results showed that 71.7% of the participants questioned their female patients as for risk factors for breast cancer, mainly during nursing consultation; 70.0% oriented users about the age to perform clinical breast exam, whereas 30.0% did not due to lack of knowledge and time; 60.0% explained about the age to perform mammogram; 73.3% did not refer patients with suspicious breast exam results to the referral department, citing scheduling as the main obstacle to referral. Educational activities were not performed by 78.3% of participants. CONCLUSION Investment is needed in professional training and management of breast cancer screening.

  13. Evaluation of the role of dynamic 64-MDCT in the characterization and work up of breast cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Moustafa A. Kader A. Wahab; Hoda Abdel Kareem

    2015-01-01

    Background: Imaging of the breast is a vital component not only for breast cancer screening, but also for diagnosis and treatment. Dynamic MDCT has a very promising role as diagnostic tool in breast cancer patients. Objective: This study aimed to emphasize the role of 64 MDCT in the work up of breast cancer. Patients and methods: Between October 2012 to April 2014, 100 consecutive patients with suspicious breast lesions underwent bilateral mammography, breast ultrasound and dynamic MDCT...

  14. Informal work and formal plans: articulating the active role of patients in cancer trajectories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsted, Rikke Juul; Hølge-Hazelton, Bibi; Brostrøm Kousgaard, Marius;

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Formal pathway models outline that patients should receive information in order to experience a coherent journey but do not describe an active role for patients or their relatives. The aim of this is paper is to articulate and discuss the active role of patients during their cancer...... trajectories. Methods and theory: An in-depth case study of patient trajectories at a Danish hospital and surrounding municipality using individual interviews with patients. Theory about trajectory and work by Strauss was included. Results: Patients continuously took initiatives to organize their treatment....... The patients’ requests were not sufficiently supported in the professional organisation of work or formal planning. Patients’ insertion and use of information in their trajectories challenged professional views and working processes. And the design of the formal pathway models limits the patients´ active...

  15. Informal work and formal plans: Articulating the active role of patients in cancer trajectories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsted, R.; Hølge-Hazelton, Bibi; Kousgaard, MB;

    2013-01-01

    Formal pathways models outline that patients should receive information in order to experience a coherent journey but do not describe an active role for patients or their relatives. The aim of this is paper is to articulate and discuss the active role of patients during their cancer trajectories....... METHODS AND THEORY: An in-depth case study of patient trajectories at a Danish hospital and surrounding municipality using individual interviews with patients. Theory about trajectory and work by Strauss was included. RESULTS: Patients continuously took initiatives to organize their treatment and care......' requests were not sufficiently supported in the professional organisation of work or formal planning. Patients' insertion and use of information in their trajectories challenged professional views and working processes. And the design of the formal pathway models limits the patients' active participation...

  16. CONGRESS PARTY AND INDIAN DEMOCRACY

    OpenAIRE

    Mahadevappa. T. C

    2015-01-01

    In these last several weeks that have followed the election victories of the Bharatiya Janata Party in IGujarat and Himachal Pradesh, the party is suffused with a new political energy. It is buoyed by he victory of its controversial icon iNarendra Modi in Gujarat and is wasting no time in converting these successes into crucial political capital before the Lok Sabha elections scheduled for next year. The Congress party, on the other hand, is shoving distinct signs of disorientation as a re...

  17. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article...... is to investigate the same question at the local level:What makes a party more likely to win the post of mayor? The article finds that party size and change in size are important along with experience and ideological centrality. The results are similar to those obtained at the national level, and this study thus...

  18. Methods to recognize work-related cancer in workplaces, the general population, and by experts in the clinic, a Norwegian experience

    OpenAIRE

    Lee Lukas; Langård Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background In most countries, the numbers of work-related cancer identified are much lower than are the estimated total burden of cancer caused by exposure at work. Therefore, there is a great need to use all available practical as well as epidemiological methods for identification as well as to develop new methods of recognizing cases of work-related cancers. Methods Primarily based on practical experiences from Norway, methods to identify cases of possible work-related cancers in t...

  19. Long-Time Scientist Works to Prove Chemistry’s Place in Cancer Research | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Carolynne Keenan, Contributing Writer When Larry Keefer, Ph.D., first arrived at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) more than 40 years ago, he didn’t have a physical lab to call his own. Not immediately, anyway, due to a glitch in the construction schedule, he explained.                   So he spent his first few years in Bethesda doing administrative work, like reviewing proposals and serving as a project officer on contracts.

  20. Between Party, Parents and Peers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnbæk, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the lived contradictions entailed in being a young member of the Chinese Communist Party (ccp) today. The focus is on how political and existential issues intersect. It explores party membership as a strategy for personal mobility among Beijing elite university students...... by providing an ethnographic account of the quandaries of two young ccp members. Even though one student is of rural origin and the other has an urban elite background, in both cases party membership has been pursued as a strategy for opening paths to the future and tied to a quest for self-development rather...... than a matter of wishing to make sacrifices for the country. The article focuses on how the two students' efforts play out differently. At the same time it is argued that a sense of moral and existential ambiguity goes hand in hand with both of their party membership strategies, leading...

  1. PUBLIC FUNDING OF POLITICAL PARTIES

    OpenAIRE

    Schultz, Christian; Ortuno-OrtÍn, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Two policy motivated parties receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns influencing voting. Two cases are investigated. In the first some voters are policy motivated and some are ''impressionable'' - their vote depends directly on campaign expenditures. In the second campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increases policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larg...

  2. Political parties and network formation

    OpenAIRE

    Miettinen, Topi; Poutvaara, Panu

    2006-01-01

    We argue that anti-corruption laws may provide an efficiency rationale for why political parties should meddle in the distribution of political nominations and government contracts. Anti-corruption laws forbid trade in spoils that politicians distribute. However, citizens may pay for gaining access to politicians and, thereby, to become potential candidates for nominations. Such rent-seeking results in excessive network formation. Political parties may reduce wasteful network formation, thank...

  3. Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Shola Omotola

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon the relegation of politics of issues to the background across the various republics, and in its place the ascendancy of identity and money politics. Other factors include the rising magnitude of political vagrancy on the basis of selfish and parochial interests, the high level of party indiscipline, absence/weakness of party cohesion and internal democracy, and the high mortality and turnover of party leadership. Finally, the paper discusses the implications of this for Nigeria’s democratization and democratic consolidation, before concluding with some recommendations.

  4. Shift work and cancer: Night work and breast cancer – results from a large prospective study in the Dutch general working population. Oral presentations: Day 1: Wednesday, September 7, 2011. 22nd International Conference on Epidemiology in Occupational Health EPICOH 2011 September 7-9, 2011, Oxford, UK

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geuskens, G.; Vroome, E. de; Weerd, M. de; Koppes, L.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Despite the current debate, few prospective studies on night work and breast cancer have been performed, and the scientific evidence is limited. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the relation between night work and breast cancer in the general working population. Method

  5. Exposure Assessment Suggests Exposure to Lung Cancer Carcinogens in a Painter Working in an Automobile Bumper Shop

    OpenAIRE

    KIM, Boowook; Yoon, Jin-Ha; Choi, Byung-Soon; Shin, Yong Chul

    2013-01-01

    A 46-year-old man who had worked as a bumper spray painter in an automobile body shop for 15 years developed lung cancer. The patient was a nonsmoker with no family history of lung cancer. To determine whether the cancer was related to his work environment, we assessed the level of exposure to carcinogens during spray painting, sanding, and heat treatment. The results showed that spray painting with yellow paint increased the concentration of hexavalent chromium in the air to as much as 118.3...

  6. 新形势下加强民办高校党外代表人士选拔培养工作的思考%To strengthen the selection and training non-party representatives work thinking on private colleges under the new situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亢莹

    2015-01-01

    新形势下加强民办高校统战工作,探讨民办高校党外代表人士选拔培养工作规律与新途径,有着十分重要的现实意义。要针对民办高校发展的新形势、新问题和新特点,研究民办高校党外代表人士队伍建设路径,做好民办高校党外代表人士培养选拔工作,以开拓党外代表人士队伍建设新领域,推动民办高校党外代表人士充分发挥其优势作用。%Under the new situation to strengthen non-governmental united front work in colleges and universities, discusses the selection and training private universities non-party representatives work with the new way, has the extremely important practical significance. For private colleges development new situation, new problems and new characteristics of the private colleges and universities non-party representatives team construction path, do a good job in private colleges and universities non-party representatives of training and selecting to open up a new field on behalf of the people outside the team construction, to promote private universities non-party representatives give full play to its advantages.

  7. ExCEL in Social Work: Excellence in Cancer Education & Leadership: An Oncology Social Work Response to the 2008 Institute of Medicine Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otis-Green, Shirley; Jones, Barbara; Zebrack, Brad; Kilburn, Lisa; Altilio, Terry A; Ferrell, Betty

    2015-09-01

    ExCEL in Social Work: Excellence in Cancer Education & Leadership was a multi-year National Cancer Institute (NCI)-funded grant for the development and implementation of an innovative educational program for oncology social workers. The program's curriculum focused upon six core competencies of psychosocial-spiritual support necessary to meet the standard of care recommended by the 2008 Institute of Medicine (IOM) Report: Cancer Care for the Whole Patient: Meeting Psychosocial Health Needs. The curriculum was delivered through a collaborative partnership between the City of Hope National Medical Center and the two leading professional organizations devoted exclusively to representing oncology social workers--the Association of Oncology Social Work and the Association of Pediatric Oncology Social Workers. Initial findings support the feasibility and acceptability of this tailored leadership skills-building program for participating oncology social workers.

  8. Accountability in integrated working: Meaning and implications for cancer care teams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents a critical evaluation of the concepts of accountability and delegated authority and how this impacts on integrated working in cancer care teams. It looks at the difficulties experienced by radiographers in establishing their roles in integrated teams through an analysis of how professional teams have developed from a sociological and historical perspective. The paper highlights the contestability of the terms and contends that many non-medical professional practitioners experience problems with assuming full accountability. The article acknowledges and advocates that the wishes of patients and clients must be prioritised in the decision making process, thus requiring professionals to embrace accountability fully and differentiate and manage risk. The importance of leadership in furthering the achievement of integrated working is recognised. In conclusion, the article proposes that shared accountability among teams is challenging for radiographers and others, and that education providers should take this into account when designing curricula.

  9. Impact of work-related cancers in Taiwan-Estimation with QALY (quality-adjusted life year) and healthcare costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn; Lin, Cheng-Kuan; Hung, Mei-Chuan; Wang, Jung-Der

    2016-12-01

    This study estimates the annual numbers of eight work-related cancers, total losses of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and lifetime healthcare expenditures that possibly could be saved by improving occupational health in Taiwan. Three databases were interlinked: the Taiwan Cancer Registry, the National Mortality Registry, and the National Health Insurance Research Database. Annual numbers of work-related cancers were estimated based on attributable fractions (AFs) abstracted from a literature review. The survival functions for eight cancers were estimated and extrapolated to lifetime using a semi-parametric method. A convenience sample of 8846 measurements of patients' quality of life with EQ-5D was collected for utility values and multiplied by survival functions to estimate quality-adjusted life expectancies (QALEs). The loss-of-QALE was obtained by subtracting the QALE of cancer from age- and sex-matched referents simulated from national vital statistics. The lifetime healthcare expenditures were estimated by multiplying the survival probability with mean monthly costs paid by the National Health Insurance for cancer diagnosis and treatment and summing this for the expected lifetime. A total of 3010 males and 726 females with eight work-related cancers were estimated in 2010. Among them, lung cancer ranked first in terms of QALY loss, with an annual total loss-of-QALE of 28,463 QALYs and total lifetime healthcare expenditures of US$36.6 million. Successful prevention of eight work-related cancers would not only avoid the occurrence of 3736 cases of cancer, but would also save more than US$70 million in healthcare costs and 46,750 QALYs for the Taiwan society in 2010. PMID:27413666

  10. Impact of work-related cancers in Taiwan-Estimation with QALY (quality-adjusted life year) and healthcare costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lukas Jyuhn-Hsiarn; Lin, Cheng-Kuan; Hung, Mei-Chuan; Wang, Jung-Der

    2016-12-01

    This study estimates the annual numbers of eight work-related cancers, total losses of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and lifetime healthcare expenditures that possibly could be saved by improving occupational health in Taiwan. Three databases were interlinked: the Taiwan Cancer Registry, the National Mortality Registry, and the National Health Insurance Research Database. Annual numbers of work-related cancers were estimated based on attributable fractions (AFs) abstracted from a literature review. The survival functions for eight cancers were estimated and extrapolated to lifetime using a semi-parametric method. A convenience sample of 8846 measurements of patients' quality of life with EQ-5D was collected for utility values and multiplied by survival functions to estimate quality-adjusted life expectancies (QALEs). The loss-of-QALE was obtained by subtracting the QALE of cancer from age- and sex-matched referents simulated from national vital statistics. The lifetime healthcare expenditures were estimated by multiplying the survival probability with mean monthly costs paid by the National Health Insurance for cancer diagnosis and treatment and summing this for the expected lifetime. A total of 3010 males and 726 females with eight work-related cancers were estimated in 2010. Among them, lung cancer ranked first in terms of QALY loss, with an annual total loss-of-QALE of 28,463 QALYs and total lifetime healthcare expenditures of US$36.6 million. Successful prevention of eight work-related cancers would not only avoid the occurrence of 3736 cases of cancer, but would also save more than US$70 million in healthcare costs and 46,750 QALYs for the Taiwan society in 2010.

  11. Defining the critical hurdles in cancer immunotherapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fox, Bernard A; Schendel, Dolores J; Butterfield, Lisa H;

    2011-01-01

    immunotherapy organizations representing Europe, Japan, China and North America to discuss collaborations to improve development and delivery of cancer immunotherapy. One of the concepts raised by SITC and defined as critical by all parties was the need to identify hurdles that impede effective translation...... of cancer immunotherapy. With consensus on these hurdles, international working groups could be developed to make recommendations vetted by the participating organizations. These recommendations could then be considered by regulatory bodies, governmental and private funding agencies, pharmaceutical...

  12. 高校二级工会辅助党组织开展群众工作的创新构建%Innovative Construction on Secondary Unions in Colleges and Universities Assist Party Organizations to Carry out Mass Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任和平

    2011-01-01

    随着教育体制改革的深入,我国高校普遍形成以学院(部、系)为主的二级管理模式。当前高校二级工会辅助党组织开展群众工作存在的主要问题是:基本职责担当不到位,工会成为同级党组织的办事机构;改革创新活力不够,工会对群众的影响力低;服务创建能力不足,群众对工会的认可度弱。而要搞好二级工会组织辅助党组织开展群众工作的创新构建,就需要注意以下几个问题:改进党对工会工作的领导,是工会组织做好群众工作的重要前提;提升上级工会的指导、培训质量,是工会组织做好群众工作的关键因素;支持工会独立开展工作和维护教职工权益,是工会做好群众工作的重要保障;创新工作方式,是工会组织可持续发展的长效机制。%With the deepening reform of educational system,in universities,secondary union management mode generally formed in colleges(schools or departments).As the secondary trade unions assist Party organizations to carry out mass work,the main problems are: basic responsibilities have not been fully taken,hence the Unions are working as the CPC Organization offices;reform innovation vigor is insufficient,hence Unions have low influence on the masses onservice creation ability and could not be wildly accepted and supported;To establish a satisfactory secondary unionto assist our party to carry out mass work,we have the follow points: it is an important premise for our party to improve its leadership for an excellent mass work.it is an guarantee for our party to support an independent union work and protect the right and interests of the stuff members,meanwhile,its innovative way of working will be the long-term mechanism for sustainable development.

  13. [Cancer and work conditions: improving scientific knowledge for new preventive strategies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Laurent

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the issue of occupational cancer is discussed by studying the correlation between work conditions and health-related social disparity.Without aiming to furnish a review of the pertinent scientific literature in this field, some matters for discussion will be advanced to initiate scientific and political debate. Keeping in mind the major socio-health disparities still present in European countries, the objective is to address the issue of knowledge generation pertinent to occupational cancer in a complex scenario with numerous obstacles posed both by employers and by the issue of differing methodological approaches, which require cooperation between various disciplines such as epidemiology, toxicology, statistics, and sociology of health. Such cooperation cannot be effective unless both the political and the scientific aspects are addressed in the investigative process and the decisive role of mobilization of the workforce is acknowledged. Finally, the article discusses the particular condition of women, highly underestimated in the scientific literature concerning health issues in the workplace. We have observed that albeit current understanding in this field is insufficient, intervention strategies and prevention policies are inadequate even when measured against this knowledge base. In order for prevention to be effective, public policies on industry, territorial health, environmental protection, and the workplace must be integrated, figures able to act as prime movers in the change process need to be identified, and replacement of carcinogenic substances and production processes must be favoured. PMID:20124639

  14. PARTY FORMATION INCOLLECTIVE DECISION-MAKING

    OpenAIRE

    Martin J. Osborne; Rabee Tourky

    2002-01-01

    We study party formation in a general model of collective decisionmaking, modeling parties as agglomerations of policy positions championed by decision-makers. We show that if there are economies of party size and the policy chosen is not beaten by another policy in pairwise voting, then players agglomerate into exactly two parties. This result does not depend on the magnitude of the economies of party size or sensitively on the nature of the individuals' preferences. Our analysis encompasses...

  15. Party formation in single-issue politics

    OpenAIRE

    Martin J. Osborne; Rabee Tourky

    2005-01-01

    We study party formation in a general model of collective decision-making, modelling parties as agglomerations of policy positions championed by decision-makers. We show that in the presence of economies of party size and a one-dimensional policy space, players agglomerate into exactly two parties. This result does not depend on the magnitude of the economies of party size or sensitively on the nature of the individuals' preferences. Our analysis encompasses several models, including decision...

  16. Party Politics and Criminality in India

    OpenAIRE

    Tiwari, Devesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Why do political parties nominate candidates who have the potential to damage parties' reputation among voters? Specifically, why do parties in India nominate candidates who have been charged with committing violent crimes? In this dissertation, I examine the relationship between parties' goals, candidates' attributes, and electoral competition in order to understand why parties nominate candidates with normatively bad reputations. Chapter 1 provides the motivation for the project, highlighti...

  17. Enhancing return-to-work in cancer patients, development of an intervention and design of a randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taskila Taina

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Compared to healthy controls, cancer patients have a higher risk of unemployment, which has negative social and economic impacts on the patients and on society at large. Therefore, return-to-work of cancer patients needs to be improved by way of an intervention. The objective is to describe the development and content of a work-directed intervention to enhance return-to-work in cancer patients and to explain the study design used for evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention. Development and content of the intervention The work-directed intervention has been developed based on a systematic literature review of work-directed interventions for cancer patients, factors reported by cancer survivors as helping or hindering their return-to-work, focus group and interview data for cancer patients, health care professionals, and supervisors, and vocational rehabilitation literature. The work-directed intervention consists of: 1 4 meetings with a nurse at the treating hospital department to start early vocational rehabilitation, 2 1 meeting with the participant, occupational physician, and supervisor to make a return-to-work plan, and 3 letters from the treating physician to the occupational physician to enhance communication. Study design to evaluate the intervention The treating physician or nurse recruits patients before the start of initial treatment. Patients are eligible when they have a primary diagnosis of cancer, will be treated with curative intent, are employed at the time of diagnosis, are on sick leave, and are between 18 and 60 years old. After the patients have given informed consent and have filled out a baseline questionnaire, they are randomised to either the control group or to the intervention group and receive either care as usual or the work-directed intervention, respectively. Primary outcomes are return-to-work and quality of life. The feasibility of the intervention and direct and indirect costs will be

  18. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...... expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can...... stay large since it receives large funds...

  19. Cancer Statistics: Cancer of the Small Intestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... party. HPF: SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Small Intestine Cancer Expand All Collapse All Lifetime risk estimates are ... Or More after Being Diagnosed with Small Intestine Cancer? Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients ...

  20. Cancer Statistics: Cancer of the Stomach

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... third party. HPF: SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Stomach Cancer Expand All Collapse All Lifetime risk estimates are ... Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Stomach Cancer? Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients ...

  1. Cancer Statistics: Cancer of the Vulva

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... third party. HPF: SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Vulvar Cancer Expand All Collapse All Lifetime risk estimates are ... Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Vulvar Cancer? Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients ...

  2. Grupo de trabajo de Leiden sobre fibrinolysis : procedimientos de recogida y manipulación de sangre para la evaluación del activador del plasminógeno de tipo tisular (t-PA) y del inhibidor-1 del activador del plasminógeno (PAI-1) [Leiden fibrinolysis working party : blood collection and handling procedures for assessment of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluft, C.; Verheijen, J.H.

    1992-01-01

    Procedures of blood collection and handling are different for the various variables in haemostasis and tend to change gradually with progress in knowledge and methods. The Working Party has gathered background information about procedures and discussed minimal requirements specifically for t-PA and

  3. YOUNG CITY,BIG PARTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Shenzhen Universiade unites the world’s young people through sports with none of the usual hoop-la, no fireworks, no grand performances by celebrities and superstars, the Shenzhen Summer Universiade lowered the curtain on a big party for youth and college students on August 23.

  4. Podemos som postkrise-parti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2015-01-01

    Podemos er et nyt politisk parti i Spanien, stiftet efter finanskrisen. Partiet har allerede opnået stor tilslutning og forventes at komme til at spille en rolle i spansk politik efter det nationale valg i efteråret 2015. Podemos repræsenterer en ny type venstrefløjsparti med tætte relationer til...

  5. The Europeanisation of Slovak Political Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leška Dušan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to analyse the Europeanisation of Slovak political parties in the various stages of the transition and transformation of the political system of Slovakia before and after the entry into the European Union. Methodologically, the paper is based on the concept of Ladrech, who divided five areas of research to suit the study of the impact of the Europeanisation on political parties and their politics. Visible can be changes in political programmes, organisational changes, a formula of party competition, relations between parties and government, relations beyond the national party system (a new look at transnational cooperation between political parties. Our research proved that the Europeanisation has been visible at all stages of development, with varying degrees of intensity and in various forms since the signing of the association agreement with the European Union. Its effect was important already in the stage of the society transition when it helped the return of Slovakia on the path of democratic development. In the two stages of development, Europeanisation created an individual line of cleavage of political parties, affected the rivalry of political parties, and thus a party system model. Unambiguously, it was reflected in political programmes of all parties, and an important role was played by the incorporation of political parties in the European political parties, by their cooperation and coordination of their policies. The election in the European Parliament was an important turning point in completion of programme orientations of political parties.

  6. Party rules, party resources and the politics of parliamentary democracies: How parties organize in the 21st century

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poguntke, Thomas; Scarrow, Susan; Webb, Paul;

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces the first findings of the Political Party Database Project, a major survey of party organizations in parliamentary and semi-presidential democracies. The project’s first round of data covers 122 parties in 19 countries. In this article, we describe the scope of the database...

  7. Effectiveness of a hospital-based work support intervention for female cancer patients - a multi-centre randomised controlled trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sietske J Tamminga

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: One key aspect of cancer survivorship is return-to-work. Unfortunately, many cancer survivors face problems upon their return-to-work. For that reason, we developed a hospital-based work support intervention aimed at enhancing return-to-work. We studied effectiveness of the intervention compared to usual care for female cancer patients in a multi-centre randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Breast and gynaecological cancer patients who were treated with curative intent and had paid work were randomised to the intervention group (n = 65 or control group (n = 68. The intervention involved patient education and support at the hospital and improvement of communication between treating and occupational physicians. In addition, we asked patient's occupational physician to organise a meeting with the patient and the supervisor to make a concrete gradual return-to-work plan. Outcomes at 12 months of follow-up included rate and time until return-to-work (full or partial, quality of life, work ability, work functioning, and lost productivity costs. Time until return-to-work was analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: Return-to-work rates were 86% and 83% (p = 0.6 for the intervention group and control group when excluding 8 patients who died or with a life expectancy of months at follow-up. Median time from initial sick leave to partial return-to-work was 194 days (range 14-435 versus 192 days (range 82-465 (p = 0.90 with a hazard ratio of 1.03 (95% CI 0.64-1.6. Quality of life and work ability improved statistically over time but did not differ statistically between groups. Work functioning and costs did not differ statistically between groups. CONCLUSION: The intervention was easily implemented into usual psycho-oncological care and showed high return-to-work rates. We failed to show any differences between groups on return-to-work outcomes and quality of life scores. Further research is needed to study which

  8. Exposure assessment suggests exposure to lung cancer carcinogens in a painter working in an automobile bumper shop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Boowook; Yoon, Jin-Ha; Choi, Byung-Soon; Shin, Yong Chul

    2013-12-01

    A 46-year-old man who had worked as a bumper spray painter in an automobile body shop for 15 years developed lung cancer. The patient was a nonsmoker with no family history of lung cancer. To determine whether the cancer was related to his work environment, we assessed the level of exposure to carcinogens during spray painting, sanding, and heat treatment. The results showed that spray painting with yellow paint increased the concentration of hexavalent chromium in the air to as much as 118.33 μg/m(3). Analysis of the paint bulk materials showed that hexavalent chromium was mostly found in the form of lead chromate. Interestingly, strontium chromate was also detected, and the concentration of strontium chromate increased in line with the brightness of the yellow color. Some paints contained about 1% crystalline silica in the form of quartz. PMID:24422178

  9. Joe Zhang, Party Man, Company Man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2014-01-01

    Book review of: Joe Zhang: Party Man, Company Man. Honolulu: Enrich Professional Publishing, 2014. 234 pp.......Book review of: Joe Zhang: Party Man, Company Man. Honolulu: Enrich Professional Publishing, 2014. 234 pp....

  10. Lung and Bronchus Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... copy to myself The information used on this page will not be used to send unsolicited emails or shared with a third party. HPF: Did You Know? Video Series Lung Cancer - Did you know that lung cancer is the ...

  11. Bewitched - The Tea Party Movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward

    2011-01-01

    This article considers the development of the Tea Party movement, the character of its thinking and the nature of the interests and constituencies to which it is tied. The article suggests that despite the importance of ideas and interests, and the process of interaction between them, the movement...... has also been shaped and energised by institutional arrangements. In particular, it argues that there are significant numbers of independent or ‘detached’ conservatives and that the institutional architecture draws them towards political engagement but at the same time imposes constraints....... The political friction that this creates has contributed to the anger that has characterised the movement. While the Tea Party movement may, as such, have only an ephemeral existence, independent conservatives are likely to remain a significant and potent constituency and will, within the institutional...

  12. Main Achievements and Basic Experience of Party-building Work of Hunan's Colleges and Universities Since the Reform and Opening-up%改革开放以来湖南省高等学校党建工作的主要成就与基本经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘圣陶; 赵俊

    2011-01-01

    改革开放以来,湖南省高校确立和完善党委领导下的校长负责制,始终用党的理论武装广大师生员工,加强高校党建理论的创新,开创了高校党建工作的自主性和创新性的新局面。在一切从实际出发的原则指导下,高校党建工作在思想政治、组织、作风、制度和反腐倡廉建设等方面均取得了显著的成绩,高校领导班子的治校水平明显提高。%Since the reform and opening-up, Hunan's colleges and universities have established and im- proved the president responsibility system under the leadership of the CPC;always armed the majority of staff and students with the Party's theories, strengthened the innovation of the theory of party-building, and created a new situation of autonomy and innovation of the party-building. Under the guidance of the principle of proceeding from reality,the party-building of Hunan's colleges and universities have made remarkable achievements in such aspects as ideological and political work, organization, style, system and anti-corruption. What is more ,the leadership of running the colleges has improved significantly.

  13. Populist parties of the Right

    OpenAIRE

    Fennema, M.

    2004-01-01

    Many people consider the contemporary extreme right as if it were political pornography: it is difficult to define but you immediately recognize it when you see it and then it should be prohibited. Yet, the political scientist cannot accept such simplistic view. He has the painful task of identifying extreme right parties according to some pre-established and well argued criteria, if only to do justice to those who are falsely accused of being extreme right. Legal measures against extreme-rig...

  14. Greating opportunities at Luncheon Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On January 26, more than 200 representatives from the business circles in China and Argentina joined together to find more opportunities at the Luncheon Party for China-Argentina Opportunities in Trade, Investment and Business.The Luncheon was jointly initiated by CCPIT and Argentina's Embassy in China.Mr. Yu Ping, Vice President of CCPIT, and Mr. Tayana, Minister of International Trade and Culture of Argentina attended and addressed the luncheon.

  15. Book review: Political parties in Britain

    OpenAIRE

    Goes, Eunice

    2013-01-01

    "Political Parties in Britain." Matt Cole and Helen Deighan. Edinburgh University Press. July 2012. --- This introductory textbook examines the factors contributing to a political party’s fortune and identity. Authors Matt Cole and Helen Deighan examine Britain’s main political parties as well as ‘peripheral’ parties including the BNP and UKIP. Eunice Goes writes that Political Parties in Britain is a highly informative, accessible and up-to-date introductory text that should be included i...

  16. Suofu Qin’s work on studies of cell survival signaling in cancer and epithelial cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) encompass a variety of diverse chemical species including superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals and peroxynitrite, which are mainly produced via mitochondrial oxidative metabolism, enzymatic reactions, and light-initiated lipid peroxidation. Over-production of ROS and/or decrease in the antioxidant capacity cause cells to undergo oxi- dative stress that damages cellular macromolecules such as proteins, lipids, and DNA. Oxidative stress is associated with ageing and the development of agerelated diseases such as cancer and age-related macular degeneration. ROS activate signaling pathways that promote cell survival or lead to cell death, depending on the source and site of ROS production, the specific ROS generated, the concentration and kinetics of ROS generation, and the cell types being challenged. However, how the nature and compartmentalization of ROS contribute to the pathogenesis of individual diseases is poorly understood. Consequently, it is crucial to gain a comprehensive understanding of the molecular bases of cell oxidative stress signaling, which will then provide novel therapeutic opportunities to interfere with disease progression via targeting specific signaling pathways.Currently, Dr. Qin’s work is focused on inflammatory and oxidative stress responses using the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells as a model. The study of RPE cell inflammatory and oxidative stress responses has successfully led to a better understanding of RPE cell biology and identification of potential therapeutic targets.

  17. Patronage and party organization in Argentina : the emergence of the patronage-based network party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scherlis Perel, Gerardo Ezequiel

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of a study of party patronage in Argentina. It attempts to assess the degree to which parties appoint people to public positions, who is in effect responsible for patronage within parties, what motivates parties to appoint in different sectors and at different levels of th

  18. The effect of individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status on esophageal cancer survival in working-age patients in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chin-Chia; Chang, Chun-Ming; Hsu, Ta-Wen; Lee, Cheng-Hung; Chen, Jian-Han; Huang, Chih-Yuan; Lee, Ching-Chih

    2016-07-01

    Esophageal cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer mortality. More than 90% of patients with esophageal cancer in Taiwan have squamous cell carcinoma. Survival of such patients is related to socioeconomic status (SES). We studied the association between SES (individual and neighborhood) and the survival of working-age patients with esophageal cancer in Taiwan. A population-based study was conducted of 4097 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer between 2002 and 2006. Each was traced for 5 years or until death. Individual SES was defined by enrollee job category. Neighborhood SES was based on household income and dichotomized into advantaged or disadvantaged. Multilevel logistic regression was used to compare the survival rates by SES group after adjustment for possible confounding and risk factors. Hospital and neighborhood SES were used as random effects in multilevel logistic regression. In patients younger than 65 years, 5-year overall survival rates were worst for those with low individual SES living in disadvantaged neighborhoods. After adjustment for patient characteristics, esophageal cancer patients with high individual SES had a 39% lower risk of mortality than those with low individual SES (odds ratio 0.61, 95% confidence interval 0.48-0.77). Patients living in disadvantaged areas with high individual SES were more likely to receive surgery than those with low SES (odds ratio 1.45, 95% confidence interval 1.11-1.89). Esophageal cancer patients with low individual SES have the worst 5-year survival, even with a universal healthcare system. Public health, education, and social welfare programs should address the inequality of esophageal cancer survival. PMID:27399129

  19. Secure data structures based on multi-party computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    This work considers data structures based on multi-party computation (MPC) primitives: structuring secret (e.g. secret shared and potentially unknown) data such that it can both be queried and updated efficiently. Implementing an oblivious RAM (ORAM) using MPC allows any existing data structure...

  20. A pre-post test evaluation of the impact of the PELICAN MDT-TME Development Programme on the working lives of colorectal cancer team members

    OpenAIRE

    Dawson Jeremy; Richardson Alison; McManus Chris; Collins Gary; Sippitt Joanna M; Taylor Cath; Richards Michael; Ramirez Amanda J

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The PELICAN Multidisciplinary Team Total Mesorectal Excision (MDT-TME) Development Programme aimed to improve clinical outcomes for rectal cancer by educating colorectal cancer teams in precision surgery and related aspects of multidisciplinary care. The Programme reached almost all colorectal cancer teams across England. We took the opportunity to assess the impact of participating in this novel team-based Development Programme on the working lives of colorectal cancer te...

  1. Social Work Intervention Research With Adult Cancer Patients: A Literature Review and Reflection on Knowledge-Building for Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pockett, Rosalie; Dzidowska, Monika; Hobbs, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The results of a literature review of social work intervention research with adult cancer patients found only a small number of studies conducted by social work researchers. The findings of the review are presented followed by a reflective discussion on the nature of knowledge-building and research knowledge for practice. Knowledge building is considered as a continuous, negotiated process within communities of practice focused on psychosocial perspectives that draw on a range of knowledge sources. Epistemology, worldviews and research orientations are considered along with the values and stance of social work, all of which create the domain of the practice-researcher.

  2. Organizational analysis of the Social Democracy Party of the Brazilian state of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa MICELI KERBAUY

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article represents a theoretical and methodological approach to the analysis of organizational dynamics of political parties today, based on a study of the Party of Brazilian Social Democracy (PSDB in the State of Sao Pãulo (period between 1988 to 2006. It is hypothesized that the structure and the institutional rules of a particular party, or even their election results, are insufficient to explain the inner workings, such as the role of party organization in the electoral system. An approach that articulates the relationship patterns, election results and posts held in the party, identified the factors that explain the political capital that circulated within the party and ensured its organizational dynamics over the period analyzed.

  3. Party government : myth or reality?

    OpenAIRE

    Blondel, Jean

    1994-01-01

    "The question of the relationship between parties and the governments which they support has not so far been given the attention it deserves. This is surprising from both a normative and an empirical standpoint. The reasons why this question has not been studied so far have probably to do with the notion, held unconsciously but also strongly, that the problem is a simple one. As with all matters which are understudied, there is some tendency to simplify and in this case to believe that parlia...

  4. 把握工会群众性做好党的职工群众工作%Grasping the Mass Characteristic of the Labor Unions and Facilitating the Working Mass Management of the Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘赞杰; 李业文; 吴晓瑞; 王世玉; 刘磊; 刘合生

    2016-01-01

    阶级性与群众性是工会的根本属性。现阶段我国工会的群众性主要表现在四个方面:一是要最大限度地吸收职工群众自愿加入工会;二是要以切实维护职工群众合法权益为基本职责和根本宗旨;三是要以牢固的群众工作理念为指导;四是要在工作中突出职工群众的主体地位。新时期加强工会群众性研究,既是夯实党的群众基础的需要,也是发挥工人阶级主力军作用的需要,还是维护工人阶级团结统一的需要。当前群团组织中存在的“机关化、行政化、贵族化、娱乐化”等脱离群众的问题,工会组织也不同程度的存在,主要变现为:工会组织覆盖面有待进一步扩大;工会组织和干部服务职工的意识和能力有待进一步提高;工会组织的代表性不强,吸纳不同层次、不同领域的职工不够;工作中职工主体地位不够突出,赋予职工的知情权、参与权、监督权落实不到位。为了保持和增强工会组织的群众性,进一步加强和改进新形势下的工会工作,一是凝聚职工群众,加强阵地建设,大力健全工会基层组织;二是密切联系群众,真正转变作风,充分发挥好工会组织的桥梁和纽带作用;三是从群众需要出发,最广泛地代表职工群众意愿,不断提高工会组织为职工群众服务的水平;四是以群众为中心,突出群众主体地位,不断改进提高工会工作运行机制;五是把握“五型工会”目标,大力加强工会自身建设,着力打造职工群众信赖的“职工之家”。%Class characteristic and mass characteristic are the fundamental characteristics of labor unions. At the current stage, the mass character-istic of China’s labor unions manifests mainly in four aspects:one, maximizing labor unions’intake of the voluntary working mass;two, regarding protection of the legal rights of the working mass as a

  5. Skin Cancer Control Western Australia: Is it Working and What Have we Learned?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slevin, T.; Clarkson, J.; English, D

    2000-07-01

    Australia has the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, with malignant melanoma rates in Western Australia second only to the state of Queensland. The Cancer Foundation of Western Australia has been actively involved in skin cancer control programmes for almost 20 years. The evaluation of skin cancer campaigns run by the Foundation over the past 5 years, including evaluation data from the summer 1998/99 campaign, is reported. Secondly, the reduction of age standardised rates of melanoma now being witnessed in Western Australia are reported. From these data arises the question - is it too early to claim that public health measures have contributed to this recent reduction in melanoma rates in Western Australia? Finally, a summary is presented of lessons learned about the historical process of conducting skin cancer control programmes. While there is debate about the specific impact in terms of skin cancer incidence rates, there is no doubt our programmes have changed the way Australians perceive, and behave, in the sun. (author)

  6. Skin Cancer Control Western Australia: Is it Working and What Have we Learned?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Australia has the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, with malignant melanoma rates in Western Australia second only to the state of Queensland. The Cancer Foundation of Western Australia has been actively involved in skin cancer control programmes for almost 20 years. The evaluation of skin cancer campaigns run by the Foundation over the past 5 years, including evaluation data from the summer 1998/99 campaign, is reported. Secondly, the reduction of age standardised rates of melanoma now being witnessed in Western Australia are reported. From these data arises the question - is it too early to claim that public health measures have contributed to this recent reduction in melanoma rates in Western Australia? Finally, a summary is presented of lessons learned about the historical process of conducting skin cancer control programmes. While there is debate about the specific impact in terms of skin cancer incidence rates, there is no doubt our programmes have changed the way Australians perceive, and behave, in the sun. (author)

  7. Does night-shift work increase the risk of prostate cancer? a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rao D

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Dapang Rao,1,2 Haifeng Yu,2 Yu Bai,3 Xiangyi Zheng,1 Liping Xie1 1Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Urology, Yunnan Tumor Hospital and Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, People’s Republic of China Background: Night-shift work is suggested to be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, but its association with prostate cancer is still controversial. We examined this association by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Studies were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, Web of Science, the Cochrane register, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases through December 25, 2014. Summary relative risks (SRRs with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs were calculated using a random effects or fixed effects model. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also evaluated. Results: A total of 2,459,845 individuals from eight published studies were included in this meta-analysis. Analysis of all studies suggested that night-shift work was associated with a significantly increased risk of prostate cancer (RR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.05–1.46; P=0.011. Sensitivity analysis showed that the association remained significant when repeating the analysis after removing one study each time. Dose–response meta-analysis suggested that an increase in night-shift work of 5 years duration was statistically significantly associated with a 2.8% (95% CI: 0.3, 5.4%, P=0.030 increase in the risk of prostate cancer. There was no significant publication bias. Conclusion: Based on a meta-analysis, night-shift work is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer. Because of the limited number of included studies and the large level of heterogeneity

  8. How Many Political Parties Should Brazil Have? A Data-Driven Method to Assess and Reduce Fragmentation in Multi-Party Political Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz de Melo, Pedro O S

    2015-01-01

    In June 2013, Brazil faced the largest and most significant mass protests in a generation. These were exacerbated by the population's disenchantment towards its highly fragmented party system, which is composed by a very large number of political parties. Under these circumstances, presidents are constrained by informal coalition governments, bringing very harmful consequences to the country. In this work I propose ARRANGE, a dAta dRiven method foR Assessing and reduciNG party fragmEntation in a country. ARRANGE uses as input the roll call data for congress votes on bills and amendments as a proxy for political preferences and ideology. With that, ARRANGE finds the minimum number of parties required to house all congressmen without decreasing party discipline. When applied to Brazil's historical roll call data, ARRANGE was able to generate 31 distinct configurations that, compared with the status quo, have (i) a significant smaller number of parties, (ii) a higher discipline of partisans towards their parties and (iii) a more even distribution of partisans into parties. ARRANGE is fast and parsimonious, relying on a single, intuitive parameter.

  9. How Many Political Parties Should Brazil Have? A Data-Driven Method to Assess and Reduce Fragmentation in Multi-Party Political Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz de Melo, Pedro O S

    2015-01-01

    In June 2013, Brazil faced the largest and most significant mass protests in a generation. These were exacerbated by the population's disenchantment towards its highly fragmented party system, which is composed by a very large number of political parties. Under these circumstances, presidents are constrained by informal coalition governments, bringing very harmful consequences to the country. In this work I propose ARRANGE, a dAta dRiven method foR Assessing and reduciNG party fragmEntation in a country. ARRANGE uses as input the roll call data for congress votes on bills and amendments as a proxy for political preferences and ideology. With that, ARRANGE finds the minimum number of parties required to house all congressmen without decreasing party discipline. When applied to Brazil's historical roll call data, ARRANGE was able to generate 31 distinct configurations that, compared with the status quo, have (i) a significant smaller number of parties, (ii) a higher discipline of partisans towards their parties and (iii) a more even distribution of partisans into parties. ARRANGE is fast and parsimonious, relying on a single, intuitive parameter. PMID:26466365

  10. Activist Model of Political Party Growth

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffs, Rebecca A; Roach, Paul A; Wyburn, John

    2015-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  11. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders....... Female party leaders are assessed more positively by female voters than male voters both in regard to general party leader sympathy and assessment of specific characteristics, whereas it is not the case that male party leaders are assessed more positively by male voters than female voters. The impact...... of gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...

  12. Contracts for Interacting Two-Party Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon J. Pace

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the interrelation of deontic operators in contracts – an aspect often neglected when considering only one of the involved parties. On top of an automata-based semantics we formalise the onuses that obligations, permissions and prohibitions on one party impose on the other. Such formalisation allows for a clean notion of contract strictness and a derived notion of contract conflict that is enriched with issues arising from party interdependence.

  13. Next Step: State Funding for the Parties?

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, J.

    2002-01-01

    The Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 marked the most comprehensive and radical overhaul of British party finance for over 100 years. It instituted reforms in many areas, with the notable exception of the comprehensive extension of state funding for political parties. However, despite the radicalism of the Act, questions have already arisen as to whether further state funding should occur. This article argues that in order to examine the case for more comprehensive state f...

  14. Political party funding and business corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Argandoña, Antonio

    2002-01-01

    The funding of political parties raises interesting economic, political, social and ethical problems. This paper seeks to address these problems with the intention of contributing to the general debate, but, above all, of understanding the issue from the company's viewpoint, since companies are directly implicated in political party finance, as donors, as supposed beneficiaries of political activity, or as the sufferers of the consequences of illegal party funding. The analysis is focused in ...

  15. [Pathological diagnosis, work-up and reporting of breast cancer. Recommendations of the 3rd Hungarian Consensus Conference on Breast Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cserni, Gábor; Kulka, Janina; Francz, Monika; Járay, Balázs; Kálmán, Endre; Kovács, Ilona; Krenács, Tibor; Udvarhelyi, Nóra; Vass, László

    2016-09-01

    There have been relevant changes in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer to implement the updating of the 2010 recommendations made during the 2nd national consensus conference on the disease. Following a wide interdisciplinary consultation, the present recommendations have been finalized after their public discussion at the 3rd Hungarian Consensus Conference on Breast Cancer. The recommendations cover non-operative and intraoperative diagnostics, the work-up of operative specimens, the determination of prognostic and predictive markers and the content of the cytology and histology reports. Furthermore, it touches some special issues such as the current status of multigene molecular markers, the role of pathologists in clinical trials and prerequisites for their involvement, some relevant points about the future. PMID:27579721

  16. Barriers to a Career Focus in Cancer Prevention: A Report and Initial Recommendations From the American Society of Clinical Oncology Cancer Prevention Workforce Pipeline Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyskens, Frank L.; Bajorin, Dean F.; George, Thomas J.; Jeter, Joanne M.; Khan, Shakila; Tyne, Courtney A.; William, William N.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To assist in determining barriers to an oncology career incorporating cancer prevention, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Cancer Prevention Workforce Pipeline Work Group sponsored surveys of training program directors and oncology fellows. Methods Separate surveys with parallel questions were administered to training program directors at their fall 2013 retreat and to oncology fellows as part of their February 2014 in-training examination survey. Forty-seven (67%) of 70 training directors and 1,306 (80%) of 1,634 oncology fellows taking the in-training examination survey answered questions. Results Training directors estimated that ≤ 10% of fellows starting an academic career or entering private practice would have a career focus in cancer prevention. Only 15% of fellows indicated they would likely be interested in cancer prevention as a career focus, although only 12% thought prevention was unimportant relative to treatment. Top fellow-listed barriers to an academic career were difficulty in obtaining funding and lower compensation. Additional barriers to an academic career with a prevention focus included unclear career model, lack of clinical mentors, lack of clinical training opportunities, and concerns about reimbursement. Conclusion Reluctance to incorporate cancer prevention into an oncology career seems to stem from lack of mentors and exposure during training, unclear career path, and uncertainty regarding reimbursement. Suggested approaches to begin to remedy this problem include: 1) more ASCO-led and other prevention educational resources for fellows, training directors, and practicing oncologists; 2) an increase in funded training and clinical research opportunities, including reintroduction of the R25T award; 3) an increase in the prevention content of accrediting examinations for clinical oncologists; and 4) interaction with policymakers to broaden the scope and depth of reimbursement for prevention counseling and

  17. THE ORGANIZATION WORKS TO IMPROVE THE CLINICAL AND ECONOMIC OUTCOMES OF CARE FOR PROSTATE CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. I. Apolikhin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Improving health outcomes in prostate cancer by developing optimal approaches to early detection, staging and treatment of disease. Materials and methods. Urologic care for patients with prostate cancer in the Voronezh region is divided according to the conception of the Program "Urology" into 4 of standardized, integrated stages. The first stage are primary care physicians. The purpose of this stage is a screening questionnaire for men of Voronezh region between the ages of 45 to 74 years using a modified international questionnaire lower urinary tract symptoms (IPSS and nomograms individual risk of prostate cancer (SWOP №1.            In case of identification of risk groups for prostate cancer, patients were sent to the urologist at the place of residence, which is conducting special examinations (FRA, ultrasound of the kidneys, bladder, TRUS, UFW, forming a risk group for verification of diagnosis. Then the patient is directed to the second stage of inter-regional urology center (ITC, whose task in the diagnostic phase is to verify the diagnosis.    In case of confirmation of the diagnosis by an urologist of ITC there was created the interactive consultation on the basis of remote Advisory portal Nethealth.ru together with leading research Institute of urology and regional urology center they identified the clinical significance of the disease and subsequent treatment strategy. In case of the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer patient is sent to the third stage - Regional or an optional fourth stage (center providing PMF - the Federal urology center, where he is treated with highly specialized medical care and conducted quality control.   In case of detection of clinically insignificant PC assistance was provided at the level of ITC (active surveillance, watchful waiting, hormone therapy on the recommendations of the oncourologist of regional urology center.Results. During the realisation of the

  18. An analysis of Social Work Oncology Network Listserv Postings on the Commission of Cancer's distress screening guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burg, Mary Ann; Adorno, Gail; Hidalgo, Jorge

    2012-01-01

    This is a qualitative study of listserv postings by members of the Social Work Oncology Network (SWON) in response to the Commission on Cancer's 2011 guidelines for distress screening of cancer patients. Archived listserv postings for the period of December 2010 to November 2011 were deidentified and a sample was derived by a list of keywords for the analysis. Aims of the study included describing the general categories and themes of the postings devoted to the new distress screening standard and examining the process of facilitation of mutual support and information exchange by oncology social workers in response to the new screening standards. During the 12-month timeframe there were 242 unique listserv postings sampled for the analysis. Oncology social worker (OSW) discussion of the distress screening guidelines remained a constant topic over the 12 months, and major themes that emerged from the data included processes of implementation of distress screening in cancer centers, screening policies and protocols, screening tool choice, and oncology social worker professional identity. The SWON listserv members used the listserv as a mechanism to post their requests for information on screening, to share their experiences in the beginning stages of implementing the guidelines, and to build support for legitimizing oncology social workers as the lead profession in the implementation of the guidelines in member cancer centers.

  19. Long-term follow-up of cancer patients treated with gene therapy medicinal products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galli, Maria Cristina

    2012-06-01

    European Union requirements are discussed for the long-term follow-up of advanced therapy medicinal products, as well as how they can be applied to cancer patients treated with gene therapy medicinal products in the context of clinical trials, as described in a specific guideline issued by Gene Therapy Working Party at the European Medicine Agency.

  20. Book Review: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7......Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7...

  1. 25. Meeting of the NEA NSC Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) - Summary Record (23-24 May 2013, NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France) - NEA-SEN-NSC-WPEC--2013-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document summarized the content of the previous WPEC meeting held on 23-24 May 2013 at the NEA Headquarters. Experimental nuclear data activities of relevance to the evaluation projects were reviewed. Detailed information about the experimental activities is given in the reports and view graphs presented at the meeting (list in Annex 2). Progress in the major nuclear data evaluation projects was presented. Detailed information about the status of the evaluated nuclear data libraries is also given in the reports and view graphs presented at the meeting (see Annex 2). Results and conclusions of completed or near-completed subgroups were discussed. A summary table of all subgroup status is given in Annex 3. Activities of ongoing subgroups were presented. A summary table of all subgroup status is also given in Annex 3. Two new subgroup proposals were reviewed by WPEC. Detailed information about these proposals is given in the documents and view graphs presented at the meeting (list in Annex 2). Other points discussed at the 25. Meeting: presentation of the main WPEC objectives and working methods; Renewal of the WPEC mandate for the period 2013-2016; Conferences and meetings of interest to the nuclear data community; Time and place of next meeting

  2. Book review: Multi-level party politics in Western Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Heinz, Dominic

    2013-01-01

    Multi-Level Party Politics in Western Europe is a study of territorial dynamics within party systems and party organizations in Western European multi-layered systems. It argues that processes of state restructuring and party crisis have forced parties to adapt their competitive strategies and internal structures. With the logic of territorial party competition becoming more complex, parties in Europe have developed quite different responses to deal with the challenges of multi-level politics...

  3. Party media agenda-setting: how parties influence election news coverage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.N. Hopmann; C. Elmelund-Præstekær; E. Albæk; R. Vliegenthart; C.H. de Vreese

    2012-01-01

    Political parties have substantial influence on which issues the news media cover during election campaigns, while the media have limited influence on party agendas. However, we know little about why some parties are more successful than others in passing the media’s gates and being covered on spons

  4. New parties in government: party organization and the costs of public office

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Bolleyer; J. van Spanje; A. Wilson

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies suggest, and common wisdom holds, that government participation is detrimental for new parties. This paper argues that the opposite is true. Drawing on a large-N analysis (111 parties in 16 countries) in combination with two case studies, it demonstrates that new parties generally b

  5. Knowledge and Practices of Nurses Working in an Education Hospital on Early Diagnosis of Breast and Cervix Cancers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozlem Ozdemir

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This research has aimed to determine knowledge and practice status of nurses about breast self-examination (BSE, clinical breast examination (CBE, mammography and Pap smear and about influencing status of some variables related to these examinations. METHOD: This descriptive study was conducted in an education hospital in Ankara between March 1st and May 30th, 2008. Three hundred-fifty nurses (82.7% have accepted to participate in the study. Data were collected by a questionnaire form including questions about demographics, their knowledge and practice status about BSE, CBE, mammography and Pap smear. Chi-square test, numbers and percentages were used for evaluating the data. RESULTS: Overall, 46.9% of nurses had enough knowledge about early diagnosis of breast and cervix cancer. 60.2% of them can carry BSE, 18.8% can carry out CBE and 7.3% can carry out mammography. Pap smear is carried out by 23.7% of the nurses. Negligence, fear of cancer and thought of finding them unnecessary were determined as reasons for avoidance. Their knowledge and practice were significantly different (p<0.05 according to their age and service where they work. CONCLUSION: It has been concluded that although knowledge and practices of nurses on breast and cervix cancer are at a good level, this isn’t enough when importance of early diagnosis in breast and cervix cancer are taken into consideration, which are among common cancers in women. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(6.000: 605-612

  6. Cryptography for Multi-Located Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Kak, Subhash

    2009-01-01

    This note describes some cryptographic issues related to multi-located parties. In general, multi-located parties make it difficult for the eavesdropper to mount the man-in-the-middle attack. Conversely, they make it easier to address problems such as joint encryption and error correction coding. It is easier to implement the three-stage quantum cryptography protocol.

  7. Party Governance and the Selection of Parliamentarians

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.J. Beniers (Klaas)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper examines the incentives for a party leader in office and for a parties' rank-and-file to replace a sitting member of parliament. As to the leader's decision, we show that the leader prefers to replace a critical member of parliament who votes against the leader's policy. A com

  8. Sex Parties: Female Teen Sexual Experimentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toscano, Sharyl Eve

    2006-01-01

    Adolescent participants in a study aimed at exploring the nature and characteristics of girls' dating relationships revealed the phenomenon of sex parties. These teens defined a "sex party" as an opportunity to engage in sexual contact outside of typical dating relationships. Sexual activity could involve actual intercourse, but usually involved…

  9. k-PARTY SHARED RSA KEY GENERATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HeMingxing; FanPingzhi; 等

    2003-01-01

    This Ietter presents a k-party RSA key sharing scheme and the related algorithms are pressented.It is shown that the shared key can be generated in such a collaborative way that the RSA modulus is pubicly known but none of the parties is able to decrypt the enciphered message individually.

  10. Pristine Purity : New Political Parties in Canada

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucardie, Anthonie

    2007-01-01

    Success sells better than failure; hence new parties receive very little attention from political scientists as long as they remain marginal and fail to win seats in Parliament. Yet in the margins of the party system, they may maintain the pristine purity of political principles and ideas better tha

  11. Crossing boundaries : Involving external parties in innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    To improve the return on investments in innovation, firms increasingly open up their new product development (NPD) processes by inviting external parties to participate. This dissertation focuses on the involvement of three different types of external parties in the NPD process: suppliers, customers

  12. 11 CFR 9004.1 - Major parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Consumer Price Index in the manner described in 11 CFR 110.17(a). ... ENTITLEMENT OF ELIGIBLE CANDIDATES TO PAYMENTS; USE OF PAYMENTS § 9004.1 Major parties. The eligible candidates of each major party in a Presidential election shall be entitled to equal payments under 11...

  13. Fight against cancer around the Mediterranean area: "Many hands make light work!".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkacémi, Yazid; Boussen, Hamouda; Turkan, Sedat; Tsoutsou, Pelagia G; Geara, Fady; Gligorov, Joseph

    2012-12-01

    The geopolitical and strategic importance of the Mediterranean area is evident since a long time. In terms of health programs and means for cancer care, significant disparities have been reported between countries that borders the Mediterranean basin. AROME project began modestly in 2006 with a group of leaders who recognized the need to promote practical training of young people and, thus, contribute to reduce these inacceptable inequalities in terms of early diagnosis and management. Moreover, our project has been built from our belief that the socio-cultural specificity of this region, its epidemiology, availability of means for diagnosis and treatment, should impose a sustained regional research and better knowledge of tumor biology and identify the specificities that may require particular strategies of care that should not be based only on Western and Asian research data. We must thus take advantage of advances in the identification of intimate biological tumors to provide answers to our ignorance of the specific Mediterranean biology. In this paper, we illustrate this issue describing some particular cancers in this region such as breast and nasopharyngeal cancers. PMID:23177098

  14. The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik; Yongnian, Zheng

    Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the party has recently carried out a peaceful and orderly transition to the so-called fourth generation of leadership, has revitalised itself, and created...... social groups, and increasing dissatisfaction among workers who seem to be losing out in the present transition process. "The Chinese Communist Party in Reform" explores the current state of the Chinese Communist Party and the many challenges which it faces. It considers the dynamics of development......, and the likely nature of its evolution. Overall, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the internal dynamics of the Chinese Communist Party and its role in Chinese society....

  15. W-state Analyzer and Multi-party Measurement-device-independent Quantum Key Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Changhua; Xu, Feihu; Pei, Changxing

    2015-12-01

    W-state is an important resource for many quantum information processing tasks. In this paper, we for the first time propose a multi-party measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocol based on W-state. With linear optics, we design a W-state analyzer in order to distinguish the four-qubit W-state. This analyzer constructs the measurement device for four-party MDI-QKD. Moreover, we derived a complete security proof of the four-party MDI-QKD, and performed a numerical simulation to study its performance. The results show that four-party MDI-QKD is feasible over 150 km standard telecom fiber with off-the-shelf single photon detectors. This work takes an important step towards multi-party quantum communication and a quantum network.

  16. Pre-chemotherapy differences in visuospatial working memory in breast cancer patients compared to controls: An fMRI study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carole Susan Scherling

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionCognitive deficits are a side-effect of chemotherapy, however pre-treatment research is limited. This study examines neurofunctional differences during working memory between breast cancer (BC patients and controls, prior to chemotherapy. MethodsEarly stage BC females (23, scanned after surgery but before chemotherapy, were individually matched to non-cancer controls. Participants underwent fMRI while performing a Visuospatial N-back task and data was analyzed by multiple group comparisons. fMRI task performance, neuropsychological tests, hospital records and salivary biomarkers were also collected.ResultsThere were no significant group differences on neuropsychological tests, estrogen or cortisol. Patients made significantly fewer commission errors but had less overall correct responses and were slower than controls during the task. Significant group differences were observed for the fMRI data, yet results depended on the type of analysis. BC patients presented with increased activations during working memory compared to controls in areas such as the inferior frontal gyrus, insula, thalamus, and midbrain. Individual group regressions revealed a reverse relationship between brain activity and commission errors. ConclusionsThis is the first fMRI investigation to reveal neurophysiological differences during visuospatial working memory between BC patients pre-chemotherapy and controls.SignificanceThis highlights the need to better understand the pre-chemotherapy BC patient and the effects of associated confounding variables.

  17. Prescribing Democracy? Party Proscription and Party System Stability in Turkey, Germany and Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela; Casals Bertoa, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    of party bans on party system development has remained mostly under-researched. Trying to address this lacuna, and employing a new dataset of banned parties in Europe between 1945 and 2015, we compare the effects of party ban regulation on party system stability in three different arenas: electoral......, parliamentary and governmental. In particular, we examine the impact of party proscription on electoral volatility, fragmentation and closure in three different countries: Turkey, Germany and Spain. Using examples both at national and regional (e.g. Basque Country, Navarre, Saxony) level, and making use...... hypotheses (i.e. organizational succession, electoral system, etc.) trying to explain why the outcomes of some cases within each country deviate from theoretical expectations. Finally, the article also examines the phenomenon of “non-banning” and how the failure of attempts to ban political parties might...

  18. Dietary treatment for regurgitation--recommendations from a working party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenplas, Y; Belli, D; Cadranel, S; Cucchiara, S; Dupont, C; Heymans, H; Polanco, I

    1998-04-01

    Regurgitation is a common manifestation in infants below the age of 1 y, and is a frequent reason for counselling of general practitioners and paediatricians. Current recommended therapeutic management starts with parental reassurance and dietary measures, followed by prokinetics. In this paper, the efficacy, safety and nutritional implications of the dietary treatment of regurgitation are evaluated. Industrially prepared thickened feeds may contain cereals of fibres; some have a low lipid content and are casein-predominant. Milk-thickened agents can also be added to regular infant feeding. Formulae claimed as "anti-regurgitation formulae", or positioned as such, should be considered as medical foods or therapeutic diets, and only be available on medical prescription. It is proposed to limit the "anti-regurgitation" (AR) label to those diets which have been proven clinically effective on regurgitation and which are nutritionally safe. PMID:9628309

  19. The Labour Party and British Republicanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth O. MORGAN

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, once solved a case by referring to “the dog that did not bark.” In the past 250 years of British history, republicanism is another dog that did not bark. This is particularly true of supposedly our most radical major political party, the Labour Party. Over the monarchy, as over constitutional matters generally, Labour’s instincts have been conservative. Even after 1997, when the party, led by Lord Irvine, has indeed embarked upon major constitutional ref...

  20. Political Marketing Mix in Indonesia Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Simbolon

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The reform era has changed the paradigm of Indonesian politics. Multiparty system has demanded a political party to be able to compete for their constituents. Article aimed to convey a political marketing concept that can helppolitical parties in planning a strategy to win the election. Research method used descriptive method analysis. The results suggest that the approach of the marketing mix that includes the product, price, place, and promotion areapproaches that are very helpful in presenting a plan to win the marketing strategy of political parties in elections.

  1. FDG-PET and PET/CT in the diagnostic work-up of breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In screening mammography is the best method, followed by biopsy in suspect findings. Ultrasound is used in combination with mammography. In difficult cases like preoperative exclusion of multicentric disease, silicon implants and differentation between scar and local recurrence MRI has gained widespread acceptation. Scintimammography may be useful in nondiagnostic or equivocal findings in mammography due to dense breast parenchyma to monitor neoadjuvant chemotherapy of LABC, but is not recommended for routine use. FDG-PET showed to have a high sensitivity in the diagnosis of primary breast cancer. But there are limitations in the detection of tumors smaller than 10 mm and of lobular carcinomas. For screening its accuracy does not appear sufficient. FDG-PET may help improving the diagnosis of primary breast cancer in particular cases. The diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET axillary lymph node staging has shown to be not sufficient. Especially small or micrometastases are missed frequently due to the low spatial resolution of PET. Diagnostic accuracy is not high enough to replace histopathological evaluation after surgical (sentinel) lymph node dissection. In the diagnosis of distant lymphatic and hematological metastases a high sensitivity and specificity of PET was reported. FDG-PET may be useful in staging women with high risk of presenting metastases like women with locally advanced breast cancer, but is not implemented in clinical routine, yet. FDG-PET shows a high potential to predict the therapeutic outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy very early and with high accuracy. But PET fails to detect microscopic residual tumor in case of complete clinical response. In the diagnosis of local recurrence PET is only useful in equivocal findings in mammography due to breast implant or posttherapeutic scars. A high sensitivity and specificity of FDG-PET in diagnosing metastases was reported. Especially in case of unclearly elevated tumor markers PET is recommended

  2. The transition between work, sickness absence and pension in a cohort of Danish colorectal cancer survivors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Kathrine; Harling, Henrik; Pedersen, Jacob;

    2013-01-01

    . Primary and secondary outcome measures: By the use of multistate models in Cox proportional hazards models, we analysed the HR for re-employment, sickness absence and retirement in models including clinical as well as health-related variables. Results: 1 year after diagnosis, 62% were working and 58...... that the stage of disease, general health condition of the individual, postoperative complications and the history of sickness absence and unemployment have an impact on the transition between work, sickness absence and disability pension. This leads to an increased focus on the rehabilitation process...

  3. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...... & Shugart (1995) are first tested using a fixed-effects model. The effect of the personal reputation of the candidates, measured by personal votes, on party choice is then tested using a multilevel multinomial logit model suggested by Rabe-Hesketh and Skrondal (2008). The paper shows that both the electoral...... system and the personal reputation of local candidates have theoretically expected effects on party choice at local elections in Denmark. The methodology can be used for cross-national studies of multilevel effects on multi-party choice....

  4. Nationalism, territory and extremism in party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More...... specifically I address the question of why the radical Basque nationalist political party Herri Batasuna and its successors, and the republican parties Sinn Féin and the Republican Clubs, enjoyed periods of legality and illegality during periods in which they all were implicated in (separate) violent campaigns...... against established authorities. I adopt a ‘discursive institutionalist’ approach and argue that decisions to ban the political parties linked to the IRA and ETA can be explained at least in part by the dominance of a ‘discourse of intolerance’ in which proscription is seen predominantly as a problem...

  5. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt; Alfred E. Crouch

    2004-10-01

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil at periodic locations where pipeline access is available. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating changes the signal received at the receiving stations. In this project, the IACC monitoring method is being developed, tested, and demonstrated. Work performed to date includes (1) a technology assessment, (2) development of an IACC model to predict performance and assist with selection of signal operating parameters, (3) Investigation of potential interactions with cathodic protection systems, and (4) experimental measurements on buried pipe at a test site as well as on an operating pipeline. Initial results show that simulated contact can be detected. Future work will involve further refinement of the method and testing on operating pipelines.

  6. Peer-to-Peer Secure Multi-Party Numerical Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Bickson, Danny; Dolev, Danny; Pinkas, Benny

    2008-01-01

    We propose an efficient framework for enabling secure multi-party numerical computations in a Peer-to-Peer network. This problem arises in a range of applications such as collaborative filtering, distributed computation of trust and reputation, monitoring and numerous other tasks, where the computing nodes would like to preserve the privacy of their inputs while performing a joint computation of a certain function. Although there is a rich literature in the field of distributed systems security concerning secure multi-party computation, in practice it is hard to deploy those methods in very large scale Peer-to-Peer networks. In this work, we examine several possible approaches and discuss their feasibility. Among the possible approaches, we identify a single approach which is both scalable and theoretically secure. An additional novel contribution is that we show how to compute the neighborhood based collaborative filtering, a state-of-the-art collaborative filtering algorithm, winner of the Netflix progress ...

  7. Social praxis, party, and class relations today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egni Malo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s political sociologists are once again interested in the study of the crisis of mass-based parties, anti-politics and anti-parliamentarism, crisis in the authority of the political class, prevailing corporate interests within republican institutions, and populism. Political sociology however, takes the party, as a construct of political sociology alone, without consideration upon its militancy and action, as the party, which objectifies the foundation of a State, and as a result the party becomes, simply an historical category. We approach the problem of the modern state from many angles; analysing the nature of a political party as such; the ideological dangers of determinism and spontaneism which a party necessarily must struggle with; the type of non-administrative internal regime which is necessary for a party to be effective and so on. The problem we seek to elaborate is the specific character of the collective action that makes possible the passage from a sectored, corporate and subordinate role of purely negative opposition, to a leading role of conscious action towards not merely a partial adjustment within the system, but posing the issue of the State in its entirety. In developing this theme – as a study of the real relations between the political party, the classes and the State – a two-fold consideration is devoted to the study of Machiavelli and Marx: first from the angle of the real relations between the two, as thinkers of revolutionary politics, of action; and secondly from a perspective which would derive from the Marxist doctrines an articulated system of contemporary politics, as found in The Prince.

  8. The Europeanisation of Slovak Political Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Leška Dušan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to analyse the Europeanisation of Slovak political parties in the various stages of the transition and transformation of the political system of Slovakia before and after the entry into the European Union. Methodologically, the paper is based on the concept of Ladrech, who divided five areas of research to suit the study of the impact of the Europeanisation on political parties and their politics. Visible can be changes in political programmes, organisational changes, ...

  9. Party Formation in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    DeWitt, Darin

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is about how political parties formed in the world's first mass democracy, the United States. I trace the process of party formation from the bottom up. First, I ask: How do individuals become engaged in politics and develop political affiliations? In most states, throughout the antebellum era, the county was the primary unit of political administration and electoral representation. Owing to their small size, contiguity, and economic homogeneity, I expect that each county's ...

  10. Movements in Parties: OccupyPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella della Porta

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available When the United States activists called for people to Occupy#everywhere, it is unlikely they were thinking of the headquarters of the Italian centre-left party. Parties and movements are often considered to be worlds apart. In reality, parties have been relevant players in movement politics, and movements have influenced parties, often through the double militancy of many of their members. OccupyPD testifies to a continuous fluidity at the movement-party border, but also to a blockage in the party’s interactions with society that started long before the economic crisis but drastically accelerated with it. In this paper we present the OccupyPD Movement as a case of interaction between party politics and social movement politics, and in particular between the base membership of a centre-left party and the broader anti-austerity movement that diffused from the US to Europe adopting similar forms of actions and claims. Second, by locating it within the context of the economic and democratic crisis that erupted in 2007, we understand its emergence as a reaction towards politics in times of crisis of responsibility, by which we mean a drastic drop in the capacity of the government to respond to citizens’ requests. To fulfil this double aim, we bridge social movement studies with research on party change, institutional trust and democratic theory, looking at some political effects of the economic crisis in terms of a specific form of legitimacy crisis, as well as citizens’ responses to it, with a particular focus on the political meaning of recent anti-austerity protests. In this analysis, we refer to both quantitative and qualitative data from secondary liter-ature and original in-depth interviews carried out with a sample of OccupyPD activists.

  11. Motivated Reasoning and Political Parties: Evidence for Increased Processing in the Face of Party Cues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Michael Bang; Skov, Martin; Serritzlew, Søren;

    2013-01-01

    psychological literature on source cues, we derive two possible hypotheses: (1) party cues activate heuristic processing aimed at minimizing the processing effort during opinion formation, and (2) party cues activate group motivational processes that compel citizens to support the position of their party. As...... part of the latter processes, the presence of party cues would make individuals engage in effortful motivated reasoning to produce arguments for the correctness of their party’s position. Following psychological research, we use response latency to measure processing effort and, in support of the......Extant research in political science has demonstrated that citizens’ opinions on policies are influenced by their attachment to the party sponsoring them. At the same time, little evidence exists illuminating the psychological processes through which such party cues are filtered. From the...

  12. Shifting parties, constant cleavage. Party system formation along the urban-rural cleavage in post-communist Lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    Lie, Svenn Arne

    2006-01-01

    When studying the party system formation in post-communist Lithuania, the Western European theoretical framework is a useful, although not sufficient tool to understand this process. Weak alignments between voters and parties and unstable party systems have made it difficult to apply the Western European theoretical framework because it prerequisites a high degree of party institutionalisation. In addition to unstable electoral support for the established parties, new parties s...

  13. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt; Alred E. Crouch

    2005-04-01

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil at periodic locations where pipeline access is available. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating changes the signal received at the receiving stations. In this project, the IACC monitoring method is being developed, tested, and demonstrated. Work performed to date includes (1) a technology assessment, (2) development of an IACC model to predict performance and assist with selection of signal operating parameters, (3) Investigation of potential interactions with cathodic protection systems, and (4) experimental measurements on buried pipe at a test site as well as on an operating pipeline. Initial results showed that IACC signals could be successfully propagated over a distance of 3.5 miles, and that simulated contact can be detected up to a distance of 0.7 mile. Unexpected results were that the electrical impedance from the operating pipelines to the soil was very low and, therefore, the changes in impedance and signal resulting from third-party contact were unexpectedly low. Future work will involve further refinement of the method to resolve the issues with small signal change and additional testing on operating pipelines.

  14. Formal analysis and design of multi-party fair exchange protocols

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on the origin of message items and channel combination between transacting parties, and events and relations among events, this paper presents a concise, precise, and hierarchical model for general fair exchange protocols, formally specifies various security requirements which are able to reflect inherent requirements for fair exchange protocols more rigorously, and partition these security requirements with fine granularity. This work helps analyze, debug, and design multi-party fair exchange protocols more effectively and elaborately.

  15. From Party Systems to Party Organizations: The Adaptation of Latin American Parties to Changing Environments De sistemas partidarios a la organización partidaria. La adaptación de partidos latinoamericanos a ambientes cambiantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wills-Otero

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico’s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. The study of party systems and political parties is one of the largest subfields in political science. Classic studies in advanced democracies focused primarily on party systems and developed theories about the causes and consequences of different types of systems. In recent years, new academic work begun to differentiate parties within systems by understanding their organizational structure, their internal dynamics, the different ways in which they interact with their constituencies, and the strategies that they use to attract voters. Studies show that parties within the same system behave and react differently given their internal conditions. This article reviews three scholarly books that deal with this issue. The works analyze the internal dynamics of Latin American political parties and their capacity to respond and adapt their structures when environmental challenges take place. Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico���s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. El estudio de los sistemas de partidos y partidos políticos es una de las áreas más amplias en la ciencia política. Trabajos clásicos llevados a cabo en democracias avanzadas, enfocaron su atenci

  16. Making hay while the sun shines: do parties only respond to media attention when the framing is right?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. van der Pas

    2014-01-01

    When do parties take over the media’s issue attention in parliament? Scholarly work has shown that the mass media’s influence over the political agenda is conditional, yet only recently scholars started to consider the active role of parties and their strategic incentives in responding to the media.

  17. Features of nursing care provided for breast cancer patients treated with radiotherapy following breast-conserving surgery. Comparison of nursing practices between certified nurses in breast cancer nursing and non-specialist nurses working with breast cancer patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study aimed to identifying features of nursing care provided for breast cancer patients during the course of radiotherapy following breast-conserving surgery and improve the quality of nursing care. Subjects were certified nurses in breast cancer nursing (CN) and non-specialist nurses working with breast cancer patients (NS). An anonymous survey questionnaire on nursing care and other practices provided before, during, and after radiotherapy was conducted by postal mail and the results were compared between CN and NS. Valid responses were obtained from 40 CN (41.2%) and 102 NS (56.7%). Significant differences between CN and NS were observed for 15 of 27 (55.6%) care items before radiotherapy, 18 of 18 (100%) items during radiotherapy, and 9 of 20 (45.0%) items after radiotherapy. Among the items with significant differences, significantly more NS than CN performed all nursing care items during the course of radiotherapy, except for one item provided before radiotherapy. These results demonstrate that it is necessary to facilitate enhanced collaboration and coordination between CN and NS providing nursing care for breast cancer patients in order to improve the quality of nursing care delivered to patients. (author)

  18. Endogenous party formation in a model of representative democracy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, Marco

    2000-01-01

    We extend the citizen candidate framework by allowing for endogenous party formation. When a party is formed, any member of that party that wants to be a candidate in the election, first has to run in the primary election of her party. We show that in equilibrium one left-wing and one right-wing par

  19. Party on wheels: mobile party spaces in the Norwegian high school graduation celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjaer, Eivind Grip; Pedersen, Willy; Sandberg, Sveinung

    2016-06-01

    Research on partying and nightlife often emphasizes commercial control while overlooking participants' creativity and agency. Due to their age, appearance and transgressive partying, participants in the Norwegian high school graduation celebration have limited access to bars and pubs in the ordinary night-time economy. To create alternative party spaces under their own control they utilize the spatial opportunities offered by automobility. Groups of students get together many years in advance and buy old buses which they refurbish to become rolling nightclubs that enable them to 'transcend space' through partying while on the move. These mobile party spaces provide a material and symbolic centre of communion and a tight space for physical assembly that enhances the production of intense positive emotions. In a cat-and-mouse game with the police, the buses provide a sense of nomadic autonomy, and enable participants to drink heavily for days on end. The study examines how youth may creatively zone their own party spaces within the context of automobility and how these mobile spaces again shape the partying that goes on within them. While this party practice opens up for autonomy, creativity and social transgressions reminiscent of liminal phases or carnivals, at a deeper level participants clearly reproduce class-based differences and exaggerate conventional practices and symbols. PMID:27121256

  20. New alliances: why mainstream parties govern with radical right-wing populist parties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. de Lange

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the recent government participation of a number of radical right-wing populist parties in West European democracies. With the help of coalition formation theories the government coalitions in which these parties have participated are characterised and inferences are made ab

  1. The party politics of economic reform: Public opinion, party positions and partisan cleavages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padgett, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the capacity of parties to cultivate public opinion to accept welfare state reform. 'Preference shaping', it is argued, depends on the intensity of party 'messages', which will be at their strongest where there are sharply defined partisan cleavages in opinion. The aversion o

  2. Political Market Orientation and Strategic Party Postures in Danish Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper investigates the relationship between the strategic postures and political market orientation profile of two Danish parties. Profile stability at the organisational level is used as a control variable. Design/methodology/approach – The strategic political postures of two Danish...... are used to control for organisational stability. Findings – The self-typing study revealed that Party A was perceived to follow a Relationship Builder posture, and Party B a Convinced Ideologist posture. However, both market orientation profiles resembled the organisational structures of a Convinced...... parties are derived using a self-typing study. Based on configuration theory, ideal organisational profiles to implement these studies are juxtaposed with the actual political market orientation profile for each party, gained from two datasets analysed using Partial Least Squares. Member activity levels...

  3. Cancer of the Bone and Joint

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a third party. HPF: SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Bone and Joint Cancer Expand All Collapse All Lifetime risk estimates are ... 5 Years Or More after Being Diagnosed with Bone and Joint Cancer? Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients ...

  4. What is the value of occupational therapy in return to work for breast cancer patients? A qualitative inquiry among experts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Désiron, H A M; Donceel, P; Godderis, L; Van Hoof, E; de Rijk, A

    2015-03-01

    An increasing number of patients are confronted with breast cancer (BC) and functional limitations after treatment. Occupational therapy (OT) is successful in return to work (RTW), but not yet available for BC patients. This paper explores experts' opinions on OT interventions for RTW in BC patients in the Belgian context. Primary data were topic-interviews with all heads of OT departments in Flemish University Hospitals (n = 5). Secondary data were four focus group interviews with care professionals in oncological rehabilitation (n = 41). All data were transcribed and thematic analysis was used. Integrated in multidisciplinary teamwork, OT interventions should have a holistic and client-centred approach, start early in the rehabilitation process, include workplace visits and contacts with relevant stakeholders, and use goal setting to start up tailor made rehabilitation, linking assessment of abilities and work. Occupational therapists are regarded as professionals who can effectively answer BC patients unmet needs regarding RTW due to their skill to bridge between care and workplace. According to the experts, OT interventions supporting RTW in BC patients are useful when integrated in regular healthcare. They agree on the components but organisational barriers should be removed, for example not providing reimbursement for including this type of support trough healthcare insurance.

  5. What is the value of occupational therapy in return to work for breast cancer patients? A qualitative inquiry among experts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Désiron, H A M; Donceel, P; Godderis, L; Van Hoof, E; de Rijk, A

    2015-03-01

    An increasing number of patients are confronted with breast cancer (BC) and functional limitations after treatment. Occupational therapy (OT) is successful in return to work (RTW), but not yet available for BC patients. This paper explores experts' opinions on OT interventions for RTW in BC patients in the Belgian context. Primary data were topic-interviews with all heads of OT departments in Flemish University Hospitals (n = 5). Secondary data were four focus group interviews with care professionals in oncological rehabilitation (n = 41). All data were transcribed and thematic analysis was used. Integrated in multidisciplinary teamwork, OT interventions should have a holistic and client-centred approach, start early in the rehabilitation process, include workplace visits and contacts with relevant stakeholders, and use goal setting to start up tailor made rehabilitation, linking assessment of abilities and work. Occupational therapists are regarded as professionals who can effectively answer BC patients unmet needs regarding RTW due to their skill to bridge between care and workplace. According to the experts, OT interventions supporting RTW in BC patients are useful when integrated in regular healthcare. They agree on the components but organisational barriers should be removed, for example not providing reimbursement for including this type of support trough healthcare insurance. PMID:24961966

  6. Secure Two-Party Computational Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-Dong Li; Yi-Qi Dai

    2005-01-01

    Secure Multi-party Computation has been a research focus in international cryptographic community in recent years. In this paper the authors investigate how some computational geometric problems could be solved in a cooperative environment, where two parties need to solve a geometric problem based on their joint data, but neither wants to disclose its private data to the other party. These problems are the distance between two private points, the relation between a private point and a circle area, the relation between a private point and an ellipse area and the shortest distance between two point sets. The paper gives solutions to these specific geometric problems, and in doing so a building block is developed,the protocol for the distance between two private points, that is also useful in the solutions to other geometric problems and combinatorial problems.

  7. Nationalism, territory and extremism in party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More specifica......In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that...

  8. A Model of Party Discipline in a Congress

    OpenAIRE

    Zudenkova, Galina

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies party discipline in a congress within a political agency framework with retrospective voting. Party discipline serves as an incentive device to induce office-motivated congress members to perform in line with the party leadership's objective of controlling both the executive and the legislative branches of government. I show first that the same party is more likely to control both branches of government (i.e., unified government) the stronger the party discipline in the con...

  9. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    OpenAIRE

    Ortuño Ortín, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers public funding of political parties when some voters are poorly informed about parties? candidates and campaigns are informative. For symmetric equilibria, it is shown that more public funding leads parties to chose more moderate candidates, and that an increase in the funding's dependence on vote shares induces further moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene?ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate...

  10. PROBLEMS FOR THE ACCOUNTING OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

    OpenAIRE

    AURELIAN VIRGIL BALUTA

    2012-01-01

    The society needs good reports from the accounting of political parties. The public power, including the Government, depends on the kind of financing of political parties. The improvement of the control of resources used by the parties accounting is very important. The paper presents the tools for the accounting of political parties in knowledge society. The paper contains the author's opinion on current issues of political party accounting. Arguments are presented against some recent proposa...

  11. Party Control in China’s Listed Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Along with state shareholding and government administration, the third source of political control of Chinese listed firms is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Using a unique hand-collected dataset that includes party secretary information for listed firms between 2000 and 2004, we examine the existence and power of party secretaries in companies. The party secretary is the leader of the party committee and exercises the power of the CCP at firm level. Power is assessed by examining whether ...

  12. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Blood tests (which look for chemicals such as tumor markers) Bone marrow biopsy (for lymphoma or leukemia) Chest ... the case with skin cancers , as well as cancers of the lung, breast, and colon. If the tumor has spread ...

  13. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms ... be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors ...

  14. Third-party financing in international arbitration

    OpenAIRE

    Maniruzzaman, Munir

    2012-01-01

    As its Council Member I attended the ICC Institute of World Business Law’s 32nd annual meeting on ‘Third-Party Funding in International Arbitration’ held in Paris on 26 November 2012. It was a grand success as it drew many professionals, arbitrators, experts, academic specialists and, above all, representatives from some major third-party funding bodies such as Burford Group Ltd., Calunius Capital LLP, Fulbrook Management LLC and others, and the discussion and debates generated a great deal o...

  15. Thyroid Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... body work normally. There are several types of cancer of the thyroid gland. You are at greater ... imaging tests, and a biopsy to diagnose thyroid cancer. Treatment depends on the type of cancer you ...

  16. The Innovation Originating from Practice:Learning Experience of "the Communist Party of China and the Regulation on the Work of Ordinary University Organizations at the Grass-Roots Level"(Revised Edition)%源于实践的创新——学习修订版《中国共产党普通高等学校基层组织工作条例》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾石兰

    2011-01-01

    In 1996,the promulgation and implementation of "the Communist Party of China and the Regulation on the Work of Ordinary University Organizations at the Grass-Roots Level "(hereinafter referred to as "the Regulations") played an important guiding role in a certain historical period.The deep change of domestic and foreign situation sets new request for the Party.Therefore,the central government decided to revise the original regulations.This paper expounds the concrete revision ordinance in innovation and perfection of the content.%1996年颁布并实施的《中国共产党普通高校基层组织工作条例》(以下简称《条例》)在一定历史时期对高校党建工作起到了重要的指导作用。随着国内外、党内外的深刻变化,对高校党建提出新的要求,为此,中央决定对原条例进行修订。本文将具体阐述修订版《条例》中创新和完善的内容。

  17. Night-shift work increases morbidity of breast cancer and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of 16 prospective cohort studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Xiaoti; Chen, Weiyu; Wei, Fengqin; Ying, Mingang; Wei, Weidong; Xie, Xiaoming

    2015-11-01

    Night-shift work (NSW) has previously been related to incidents of breast cancer and all-cause mortality, but many published studies have reported inconclusive results. The aim of the present study was to quantify a potential dose-effect relationship between NSW and morbidity of breast cancer, and to evaluate the association between NSW and risk of all-cause mortality. The outcomes included NSW, morbidity of breast cancer, cardiovascular mortality, cancer-related mortality, and all-cause mortality. Sixteen investigations were included, involving 2,020,641 participants, 10,004 incident breast cancer cases, 7185 cancer-related deaths, 4820 cardiovascular end points, and 2480 all-cause mortalities. The summary risk ratio (RR) of incident breast cancer for an increase of NSW was 1.057 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.014-1.102; test for heterogeneity p = 0.358, I(2) = 9.2%]. The combined RR (95% CI) of breast cancer risk for NSW vs daytime work was: 1.029 (0.969-1.093) in the 20-year exposure lengths. The overall RR was 1.089 (95% CI 1.016-1.166) in a fixed-effects model (test for heterogeneity p = 0.838, I(2) = 0%) comparing rotating NSW and day work. Night-shift work was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death (RR 1.027, 95% CI 1.001-1.053), and all-cause death 1.253 (95% CI 0.786-1.997). In summary, NSW increased the risk of breast cancer morbidity by: 1.9% for 5 years, 2.5% for 5-10 years, 7.4% for 10-20 years, and 8.8% for >20-years of NSW. Additionally, rotating NSW enhanced the morbidity of breast cancer by 8.9%. Moreover, NSW was associated with a 2.7% increase in cardiovascular death.

  18. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  19. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  20. Efficient Multi-Party Computation over Rings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramer, Ronald; Fehr, Serge; Ishai, Yuval;

    2003-01-01

    Secure multi-party computation (MPC) is an active research area, and a wide range of literature can be found nowadays suggesting improvements and generalizations of existing protocols in various directions. However, all current techniques for secure MPC apply to functions that are represented by ...

  1. 42 CFR 426.130 - Party submissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Party submissions. 426.130 Section 426.130 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS...

  2. 7 CFR 955.91 - Additional parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Marketing Agreement § 955.91 Additional parties. After the effective date thereof, any handler may become a... delivered to the Secretary, and the benefits, privileges, and immunities conferred by this agreement...

  3. The Phonetic Rhetoric in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婷; 尹静

    2015-01-01

    Katherine Mansfield is a prominent modernist writer. The Garden Party is one of important short stories she wrote in 1921. The story is full of musicality. What’s more, the phonation, stress and intonation of words make the passage possess consis⁃tency with the growth of Laura’s inner heart, that is from excitement, hesitation to peaceful after realization.

  4. Technical guidelines for head and neck cancer IMRT on behalf of the Italian association of radiation oncology - head and neck working group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Performing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) on head and neck cancer patients (HNCPs) requires robust training and experience. Thus, in 2011, the Head and Neck Cancer Working Group (HNCWG) of the Italian Association of Radiation Oncology (AIRO) organized a study group with the aim to run a literature review to outline clinical practice recommendations, to suggest technical solutions and to advise target volumes and doses selection for head and neck cancer IMRT. The main purpose was therefore to standardize the technical approach of radiation oncologists in this context. The following paper describes the results of this working group. Volumes, techniques/strategies and dosage were summarized for each head-and-neck site and subsite according to international guidelines or after reaching a consensus in case of weak literature evidence

  5. The problem with party finance : theoretical perspectives on the funding of party politics

    OpenAIRE

    Hopkin, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    This article presents some theoretical contours for the study of party finance and its consequences. Two broad issues are explored. First, the article develops an account of changes in patterns of party finance, and in particular the move away from the ‘mass party’ model of funding towards ‘elite party’ and ‘cartel party’ models. Party finance is conceptualized as a collective action problem, and four ‘post-mass party’ financial strategies are identified. Second, the article addresses normati...

  6. Trabalho industrial e câncer de pulmão Industrial work and lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Wünsch Filho

    1995-06-01

    to evaluate this exposure during the occupational life of each person. The criteria accumulated information on exposure to carcinogens as regards type, sector of work and time in each employment. The unconditional logistic regression analysis showed an odds ratio of 1.97 (95% IC: 1.52 to 2.55 for the highest exposure group. This result showed that workers linked to the production sectors of several industries have about twice the risk of developing lung cancer as workers involved in non-industrial activities.

  7. Collective members in West European political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez, José Manuel

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the collective members of political parties. Collective members can be defined as organizations having both full self-government rights and entitlements to decision-making processes in the political parties in which they are embedded. This article proposes a basic descriptive typology of collective members that takes into consideration their sociopolitical nature (party political or functional and their pattern of articulation within the party in which they are embedded (whether they help to articulate the whole party structure or not. It also illustrates these subtypes by examining European organizations that meet (or are close to meeting the main defining characteristics of collective members. This examination is based on the analysis of all parties that attained at least 4% of the votes in the last national parliamentary elections in 10 European countries. The article concludes with an analysis of the determinants and prospects of this type of party structure.Este artículo estudia los miembros colectivos de los partidos políticos. Los miembros colectivos pueden ser definidos como organizaciones que poseen a la vez derechos de autogobierno plenos y derecho a participar en los procesos de toma decisiones en el partido político en el que están integrados. El artículo propone una tipología descriptiva de los miembros colectivos que tiene en cuenta su naturaleza sociopolítica (partidista o funcional y su patrón de articulación dentro del partido en el que están integrados (si ayudan o no a articular el conjunto de la estructura partidaria. Asimismo, el artículo ilustra estos subtipos a partir del examen de varias organizaciones políticas europeas que cumplen (o se acercan a cumplir las características definitorias de los miembros colectivos. Este análisis se basa en el examen de todas las organizaciones políticas que alcanzaron más de un 4% de los votos en las últimas elecciones parlamentarias de 10 pa

  8. 以思想建设为统领铸就领导干部坚强党性%Leading by Ideological Construction,and Tempering Strong party Spirit:Learning from General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Speech in the Conference of the Whole Army on political Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕楠

    2015-01-01

    The Gutian Meeting was an important milestone in the development history of our Party and our army. The resolution of the meeting established the principle of emphasizing the party building in ideology,enriched and developed the party building theory of Marxism,and had a profound influence on the building of our Party. This paper,combining the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech in the New Gutian Meeting, logically reviews the development process of“ideological party building”in theory and practice,and primarily explores the feasible ways to improve the scientific level of“ideological party building”through party spirit edu_cation under the new situation,thus providing a practical solution for solving the inadequate education of educa_tors.%古田会议是我党我军建设史上的一个重要里程碑。会议通过的决议,确立了着重从思想上建党这一重要原则,丰富和发展了马克思主义建党学说,对我们党的建设产生了极为深远的影响。本文结合学习习近平总书记在新古田会议的重要讲话精神,逻辑地梳理了“思想建党”的理论创新和成功实践的发展历程,初步地探索了新形势下党性教育提升“思想建党”科学化水平的可行性路径,为解决当前确实存在的“教育者受教育不够”问题提供了实践性思路。

  9. Company Leaders To Inspect Service Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>Wu Nianzu, Party secretary, chairman and president of the Shanghai Airport Group Company, inspected the service work at Pudong Airport on August 28.A forum on service work was held with more than 90 persons attending, including Cao Huifang, general manager of the Shanghai Airport Co Ltd, and Zhu Jiyu, Party secretary of the company.

  10. Contribution of CSF cytology in the diagnostic work-up of breast cancer patients with neurological symptoms: a retrospective analysis over two decades.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wauters, Carla; Poelen, J.; Mulder, I.; Venderink, D.; Strobbe, L.J.; Wesseling, P.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of cytological analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the diagnostic work-up of breast cancer patients who present with neurological symptoms suspected for central nervous system (CNS) metastases. In the period 1989-2009, a total of 81 patient

  11. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eiríkur Bergmann

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP, which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavoidable to categorize the party amongst at least the softer version of European populist parties, perhaps closest to the Norwegian Progress Party.

  12. [Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Peña-López, Roberto; Remolina-Bonilla, Yuly Andrea

    2016-09-01

    Cancer is a group of diseases which represents a significant public health problem in Mexico and worldwide. In Mexico neoplasms are the second leading cause of death. An increased morbidity and mortality are expected in the next decades. Several preventable risk factors for cancer development have been identified, the most relevant including tobacco use, which accounts for 30% of the cancer cases; and obesity, associated to another 30%. These factors, in turn, are related to sedentarism, alcohol abuse and imbalanced diets. Some agents are well knokn to cause cancer such as ionizing radiation, viruses such as the papilloma virus (HPV) and hepatitis virus (B and C), and more recently environmental pollution exposure and red meat consumption have been pointed out as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research in Cancer (IARC). The scientific evidence currently available is insufficient to consider milk either as a risk factor or protective factor against different types of cancer. PMID:27603890

  13. [The conflict between work and private life and its relationship with burnout - results of a physician survey in breast cancer centers in North Rhine-Westphalia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitzsche, A; Driller, E; Kowalski, C; Ansmann, L; Pfaff, H

    2013-05-01

    This study investigates the conflict between work and private life (work-life conflict and life-work conflict) and its relationship with burnout among physicians in breast cancer centers in North Rhine-Westphalia (n=378). With regard to the construct burnout, we differentiated between the 3 subscales emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment of the Maslach burnout inventory. In a structural equation model it was seen that above all the work-life conflict is positively associated with emotional exhaustion whereas the life-work conflict has a stronger positive correlation with depersonalisation and a negative relationship with personal accomplishment. Altogether, the results emphasise the importance of a successful interaction between professional work and private life ("work-life balance") for the health of medical personnel.

  14. Proper Way to Study College Students Motivation to Join the Party%端正大学生入党动机的方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧媛

    2015-01-01

    College students motivation to join the party correctly is college party work worker will have deep thinking and research problems. Right and pure motivation to join the party is the party member cadre development basic premise which determines a fundamental belief of Party members and the world outlook, the outlook on life, values. Not only do college students party members in the organization to join the party, join the party from thought. As a college party work worker, how to correct college students motivation to join the party is a burning question.%大学生入党动机是否正确是高校党务工作者必须深刻思考和研究的问题。正确、纯正的入党动机是党务工作者发展党员的基本前提,它决定了一个党员的基本信仰以及世界观、人生观、价值观,大学生党员不仅要在组织上入党,更要从思想上入党。作为一名高校党务工作者,如何端正大学生入党动机是一个亟待解决的问题。

  15. 探讨高校党建工作的创新%Discussion of the university party construction innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季芳

    2014-01-01

    随着社会发展和时代的变革,各高校所开展的党建工作未能紧跟时代步伐,促使高校党建工作实施效果不佳。对此,加强高效党建工作创新尤为必要。本文就如何进行高校党建工作创新进行分析和探讨。%Along with the social development and the change of the times, universities have failed to keep up the pace of party construction work, the work of party construction in colleges and universities to implement the effect not beautiful. Innovation is necessary to strengthen the party construction of efficient work. In this paper, how to make the university party construction innovation are analyzed and discussed.

  16. Ph.D. thesis carried out at Uppsala University: Health-Related Quality of Life and Return to Work following Breast Cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyer Lundh, Marie

    2015-01-01

    Background, aim and relevance An increasing prevalence of breast cancer and continuous developments within breast cancer management emphasise the importance of improved knowledge about recovery following this disease. The overall aim of the thesis was to study health-related quality of life (HRQo....... Questionnaire data on HRQoL, socio-demographics and work-related variables were combined with clinical register, normative and social insurance data. Results Following deteriorations within eight months post-diagnosis, HRQoL generally improved during the three years studied. The majority of women returned...

  17. Parteilisest tsensuurist Nõukogude Eestis. Party Censorship in Soviet Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiiu Kreegipuu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available During the years of imposed Soviet rule in Estonia from 1940 to its collapse in 1991, Estonian culture and the written word were subject to Soviet censorship which due to its perseverance, extent and rigidity constrained creativity and self-expression. At the same time, archival documents and memories testify that considerable shifting could take place within this censorship which on the surface appeared strict and regulated, depending on the general ideological stance and the officials and party functionaries in place at the time. Soviet censorship is usually studied and described with the activities of the censorship office Glavlit as the focal point. However, for a more complete overview, it would be wise to keep in mind that a whole row of other institutions and authorities with the Communist Party in front also were involved in censorship matters. When it came to censorship, it was the party that had the final word – as it did with everything else – and if needed, it also acted as punisher. Apart from the role of censor, the Communist Party, its departments (with the Department for Propaganda and Agitation or Ideology in front and its officials also took part in hands-on censorship work, both in terms of decision-making and in dealing with concrete incidents (breach of censorship rules and censor mistakes but also in the search for and pointing out of ideological flaws. One area in which the party’s censorship activities manifested itself in a rather vivid manner was the leadership and control of the Soviet press. When analysing materials from the bureau of the Communist Party of Estonia’s Central Committee, it becomes clear that the party’s governing organs were constantly active in this area. The manifestation of problems and discussion of flaws here point to the circumstance that journalists and editors did not accept the censorship rules, but rather tried to find possibilities and means through which to modify or ignore them

  18. A Threshold Signature Scheme with a Weakened Trusted Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongquan Cai

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the (t, n threshold signature schemes with the assistance of a trusted party, the trusted party easily becomes the targets of attack. And an authority which can be trusted by all players doesn't exist. So the schemes without a trusted party were proposed to solve those security problems. But all of the conventional schemes without a trusted party cannot withstand conspiracy attacks. A novel (t, n threshold signature scheme with a weakened trusted party is proposed, in which the group secret key is composed of two parts. Any t or more group players cannot cooperate to reveal the group secret key and the weakened trusted party only knows a part of player’s secret key. So the new scheme can effectively withstand conspiracy attacks and as the power of the trusted party is limited, it meets the purpose of designing a threshold signature scheme without a trusted party.

  19. Measuring Service Individuality in Third Party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Prockl, Günter

    2013-01-01

    to the subject of third party logistics. Findings - As a major result the paper is providing a conceptual model for the systematic and formal description of modularity and individuality in the configuration of third party logistics services. The model thus serves as a tool to classify and categorize degrees...... offerings and how to replicate or (re)design the new services offered. Depending on the level of complexity of the TPL services, firms need also to consider the implications of the replication and/or (re)design on the configuration of the supply chain, especially downstream. Originality/value - The paper...... crosses disciplinary boundaries and combines relevant research streams to provide a sound foundation for the categorization and classification of TPL services and for new service design/development (NSD) and supply chain configuration....

  20. Leakage Resilient Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Hazay, Carmit; Patra, Arpita

    2012-01-01

    and returns its result. Almost independently of secure computation, the area of {\\em leakage resilient cryptography} has recently been evolving intensively, studying the question of designing cryptographic primitives that remain secure even when some information about the secret key is leaked. In this paper...... Definitions.} We formalize the notion of secure two-party computation in the presence of leakage and introduce security definitions in the {\\em ideal/real framework}. Our formalization induces two types of adversarial attacks. We further study the feasibility of our definitions in the computational setting...... and explore some of the conditions under which these definitions are met. \\item {\\em Composition Theorems.} We provide compositions theorems for our new modelings. Our results provide compositions theorems for the case where the inputs of the parties are sampled from a min-entropy source distribution. \\item...

  1. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  2. REFLECTIONS ON WAGAR ' S WORLD PARTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Bergesen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Our task is to reflect upon Wagar's idea of a world party. In case such reflections are affected by the recent historical situation of the collapse of communism/existing socialism in 1989 and the implications this has for visions of progressive politics going into the 21st century. This event colors most political thinking, although for many the response has been that existing socialism was not real socialism, or that existing socialism was but the Stalinist deformation that, if avoided in the future, the 1917 project could again be resumed and human history and social relations remade anew. I don't see it that way. What existing socialism stood for in terms of the role of a vanguard party taking state power for the larger good is, now after the fall, I think off the board as a realistic program that can be sold to anyone.

  3. Party system institutionalization and government formation in new democracies

    OpenAIRE

    Savage, Lee Michael

    2016-01-01

    Party systems provide the essential structure of the coalition bargaining environment. Stability in party systems ensures that there are regularities that can be observed in government formation, but most empirical research focuses on established democracies. In new democracies party systems are less institutionalized and interactions between parties are less predictable. This has significant implications for coalition formation. This paper presents the first study of coalition formation in n...

  4. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistributive forms of exchange, on what is being exchanged and on the articulation between networks. In every society there are symmetrical and asymmetrical exchanges, which produce horizontal and vertical networks. These networks interact among themselves to form the social fabric. The dominance of some over others and how they combine, delineate the character of the political culture (authoritarian vs. egalitarian. Chile is a multiparty country within which there are cohorts of horizontal groups of friends, who informally exercise a central control over their members and create invisible boundaries setting them apart from others, in which leadership is under constrains. The result is both a strong presidential system based on an almost fanatic legitimacy, combined with factionalism and a strong parliamentary system.

  5. General polygamy inequality of multi-party quantum entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Jeong San

    2012-01-01

    Using entanglement of assistance, we establish a general polygamy inequality of multi-party entanglement in arbitrary dimensional quantum systems. For multi-party closed quantum systems, we relate our result with the monogamy of entanglement to show that the entropy of entanglement is an universal entanglement measure that bounds both monogamy and polygamy of multi-party quantum entanglement.

  6. 5 CFR 185.118 - Rights of parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rights of parties. 185.118 Section 185.118 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.118 Rights of parties. Except as otherwise limited by this part, all parties...

  7. 5 CFR 185.114 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parties to the hearing. 185.114 Section 185.114 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.114 Parties to the hearing. (a) The parties to the hearing shall be...

  8. The proscription of parties and the problem of 'miltant democracy'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2011-01-01

    In 2003, Spain banned the political party Herri Batasuna and its successors Euskal Herritarrok and Batasuna for integration in the Basque separatist terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna. Since then, eleven other parties or electoral groupings deemed successors to the illegal parties have also been...

  9. The proscription of parties and the problem with 'militant democracy'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    2012-01-01

    In 2003, Spain banned the political party Herri Batasuna and its successors Euskal Herritarrok and Batasuna for integration in the Basque separatist terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna. Since then, eleven other parties or electoral groupings deemed successors to the illegal parties have also been...

  10. The Dark Side of Altruistic Third-Party Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibbrandt, Andreas; Lopez-Perez, Raul

    2011-01-01

    This article experimentally studies punishment from unaffected third parties in ten different games. The authors show that third-party punishment exhibits several features that are arguably undesirable. First, third parties punish strongly a decider if she chooses a socially efficient or a Pareto efficient allocation and becomes the richest party…

  11. 48 CFR 552.270-3 - Parties To Execute Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties To Execute Lease... Parties To Execute Lease. As prescribed in 570.602, insert the following provision: Parties To Execute Lease (SEP 1999) (a) If the lease is executed by an attorney, agent, or trustee on behalf of the...

  12. The effects of membership decline on party organisations in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kölln, A.K.

    2015-01-01

    On election day, voters’ commitment is crucial for political parties, but between elections members are an important resource for party organisations. However, membership figures have been dropping across parties and countries in the last decades. How does this trend affect parties’ organisation? Fo

  13. [The problem of cancer in the work of Władysław Kopaczewski (1886-1953)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daszkiewicz, P

    1994-01-01

    Having left Lódź in 1906 Władysław Kopaczewski (1886-1953) studied physics, chemistry and biology at Swiss universities. In 1911 he moved to France where he conducted research in coloidal chemistry simultaneously obtaining a physician's diploma and an MD. During 42 years he spent in France he was dealing with biological systems physics, doing research in medicine, nutritive chemistry and cosmetology. He created an original conception of cancer disease. His theory allowed him to provide the theoretical bases of the cancer physics and to suggest a diagnositic method to direct the search for means of the cancer therapy. PMID:11624929

  14. Local Unitary Equivalent Consistence for n-Party States and Their (n-1)-Party Reduced Density Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhen; WANG He-Ping; WANG Zhi-Xi; FEI Shao-Ming

    2011-01-01

    We present that the local unitary equivalence of n-party pure states is consistent with that of their (n - 1)-party reduced density matrices. As an application, we obtain the local invariants for a class of tripartite pure qudits.%@@ We present that the local unitary equivalence of n-party pure states is consistent with that of their (n-l)-party reduced density matrices.As an application, we obtain the local invariants for a class of tripartite pure qudits.

  15. Quantum And Relativistic Protocols For Secure Multi-Party Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Colbeck, Roger

    2009-01-01

    After a general introduction, the thesis is divided into four parts. In the first, we discuss the task of coin tossing, principally in order to highlight the effect different physical theories have on security in a straightforward manner, but, also, to introduce a new protocol for non-relativistic strong coin tossing. This protocol matches the security of the best protocol known to date while using a conceptually different approach to achieve the task. In the second part variable bias coin tossing is introduced. This is a variant of coin tossing in which one party secretly chooses one of two biased coins to toss. It is shown that this can be achieved with unconditional security for a specified range of biases, and with cheat-evident security for any bias. We also discuss two further protocols which are conjectured to be unconditionally secure for any bias. The third section looks at other two-party secure computations for which, prior to our work, protocols and no-go theorems were unknown. We introduce a gene...

  16. Keys to effective third-party process safety audits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation was promulgated in 1992. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) corresponding Risk Management Program (RMP) rule followed in 1996. Both programs include requirements for triennial compliance audits. Effective compliance audits are critical in identifying program weaknesses and ensuring the safety of facility personnel and the surrounding public. Large companies with corporate and facility health, safety, and environmental groups typically have the resources and experience to conduct audits internally, either through a corporate audit team or the sharing of personnel between multiple facilities. Small to medium sized businesses frequently do not have the expertise or the resources to perform compliance audits, and rely on third-party consultants to provide these services. This paper will discuss the observations of the authors in performing audits and working with PSM/RMP programs across a number of market sectors (e.g. chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water treatment), including effective practices, hurdles to successful implementation and execution of programs, and typical program shortcomings. The paper will also discuss steps to improve the audit process and increase effectiveness whether performed by a third party or internally

  17. Keys to effective third-party process safety audits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkmire, John C; Lay, James R; McMahon, Mona C

    2007-04-11

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation was promulgated in 1992. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) corresponding Risk Management Program (RMP) rule followed in 1996. Both programs include requirements for triennial compliance audits. Effective compliance audits are critical in identifying program weaknesses and ensuring the safety of facility personnel and the surrounding public. Large companies with corporate and facility health, safety, and environmental groups typically have the resources and experience to conduct audits internally, either through a corporate audit team or the sharing of personnel between multiple facilities. Small to medium sized businesses frequently do not have the expertise or the resources to perform compliance audits, and rely on third-party consultants to provide these services. This paper will discuss the observations of the authors in performing audits and working with PSM/RMP programs across a number of market sectors (e.g. chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water treatment), including effective practices, hurdles to successful implementation and execution of programs, and typical program shortcomings. The paper will also discuss steps to improve the audit process and increase effectiveness whether performed by a third party or internally.

  18. Inter-party agenda-setting in the Belgian parliament: the role of party characteristics and competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Vliegenthart; S. Walgrave; C. Meppelink

    2010-01-01

    In this article we explore the inter-party agenda-setting dynamics in the Belgian parliament during the period 1993-2000 and investigate whether and when parties respond to the attention paid to issues by other parties in parliament. We rely on an elaborate coding of parliamentary questions and inte

  19. Librarians and Party Girls: Cultural Studies and the Meaning of the Librarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Marie L.; Radford, Gary P.

    2003-01-01

    Responds to Wayne Wiegand's article that criticizes library and information science by suggesting a cultural studies approach to the field. Applies the work of Stuart Hall to a media stereotype of the female librarian based on the film "Party Girl" to allow new interpretations of media images of the profession. (Author/LRW)

  20. The legal nature of the voyage charter party and its tax deployment

    OpenAIRE

    Júdice, Mônica Pimenta

    2016-01-01

    The present work has as main approach the voyage charter party. To do so, it was necessary to analyze the legal nature of this type of contract of affreightment, on its total or partial mode. This will enable to understand possible effects of Tax on the Circulation of Goods and Interstate and Intermunicipal Transportation Service – VAT and Service Tax.

  1. 12 CFR 908.47 - Request for document discovery from parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., or control of the party upon whom the request is served. Copies of the request shall be served on all... protected by deliberative process, attorney work-product, or attorney-client privilege are voluminous, these.... 908.47 Section 908.47 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE...

  2. School Leadership and Citizenship Education: The Experiences and Struggles of School Party Secretaries in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Shuqin; Law, Wing-Wah

    2015-01-01

    Many scholarly works have examined school leadership, and many others have studied models for teaching citizenship education. Research combining both school leadership and citizenship education, however, is rare. The leadership of China's school party secretaries (SPSs), who are the equivalent of school principals in the Chinese school system…

  3. Party system and democratic change: approaches to the Dominican case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilfredo LOZANO

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of transformation of political parties as well as the party system have taken place after the disappearance of the three mayor political leaders and founders of the three most important modern political parties: Bosch (PLD, Peña Gómez (PRD and Balaguer (PRSC. The constituent process of party system and leadership styles have been studied. The relationship between party systems and the State have been discussed, emphasizing its neopatrimonialist ascending and clientelism performance. Finally, a few notes have been provided in order to address the development of a neopatrimonialist elite and clientelistic management of electoral politics.

  4. Recommendations from Gynaecological (GYN) GEC-ESTRO Working Group (IV): Basic principles and parameters for MR imaging within the frame of image based adaptive cervix cancer brachytherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Dimopoulos, Johannes C.A.; Petrow, Peter; Tanderup, Kari; Petric, Primoz; Berger, Daniel; Kirisits, Christian; Pedersen, Erik M; van Limbergen, Erik; Haie-Meder, Christine; Pötter, Richard

    2012-01-01

    The GYN GEC-ESTRO working group issued three parts of recommendations and highlighted the pivotal role of MRI for the successful implementation of 3D image-based cervical cancer brachytherapy (BT). The main advantage of MRI as an imaging modality is its superior soft tissue depiction quality. To exploit the full potential of MRI for the better ability of the radiation oncologist to make the appropriate choice for the BT application technique and to accurately define the target volumes and the...

  5. The lives of others: Third parties' responses to others' injustice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Jane; Aquino, Karl; Skarlicki, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    This research takes a moral perspective to studying third parties' reactions to injustice as a function of their moral identity. Drawing from theories of deontic justice, moral intuition, moral heuristics, and moral identity, we develop and test a model of the moral underpinnings of third parties' reactions to injustice. First, we compare third parties' responses with interpersonal, distributive, and procedural justice violations. We hypothesize that third parties are more likely to intuit that interpersonal justice violations are morally wrong, compared with distributive and procedural justice violations. As a result, third parties are more likely to experience stronger moral anger and punish violators in response to interpersonal transgressions compared with distributive and procedural justice transgressions. Second, we test the proposition that third parties with a strong moral identity will react more strongly to justice violations than third parties with a comparatively weak moral identity. Results from 3 studies support these predictions. PMID:26214088

  6. Direct and Indirect Welfare Chauvinism as Party Strategies: An Analysis of the Danish People's Party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Careja, Romana; Elmelund-Præstekær, Christian; Klitgaard, Michael Baggesen;

    2016-01-01

    welfare chauvinism occurs as a result of legislative changes that explicitly exclude recipients from social protection or reduce the level thereof on the basis of ethnicity. Indirect welfare chauvinism is the result of policy measures that apply to both natives and immigrants, but which deliberately...... and deliberate policy-making strategies of the party. It shows that the distinction between direct and indirect chauvinism is a useful theoretical tool for understanding how the Danish People's Party can fulfill the expectations of both its electorate and its coalition partners, even if they point in different...

  7. A Three Party Authentication for Key Distributed Protocol Using Classical and Quantum Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suganya Ranganathan

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the existing study of third party authentication, for message transformation has less security against attacks such as man-in-the-middle, efficiency and so on. In this approach, we at hand give a Quantum Key Distribution Protocol (QKDP to safeguard the security in larger networks, which uses the combination of merits of classical cryptography and quantum cryptography. Two three-party QKDPs, one implemented with implicit user authentication and the other with explicit mutual authentication, which include the following: 1. Security against such attacks as the man-in-themiddle, eavesdropping and replay; 2. Efficiency is improved as the proposed protocols contain the fewest number of communication rounds among the existing QKDPs; 3. Two parties can share and use a long-term secret (repeatedly. To prove the security of the proposed schemes, this work also presents a new primitive called the Unbiased-Chosen Basis (UCB assumption.

  8. Sub-linear, Secure Comparison With Two Non-Colluding Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    The classic problem in the field of secure computation is Yao’s millionaires’ problem; we consider two new protocols solving a variation of this: a number of parties, P1, . . . , Pn, securely hold two - bit values, x and y – e.g. x and y could be encrypted or secret shared. They wish to obtain...... a bit stating whether x is greater than y using only secure arithmetic; this should be done without revealing any information, even the output should remain secret. The present setting is special in the sense that it is assumed that two specific parties, referred to as Alice and Bob, are non......-colluding. Though this assumption is not satisfied in general, it clearly is for the main example of this work: two-party computation based on Paillier encryption. The first solution requires O(log()(κ + loglog())) secure arithmetic operations in O(log()) rounds, where κ is a correctness parameter. The second...

  9. Device-independence for two-party cryptography and position verification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Jeremy; Thinh, Le Phuc; Kaniewski, Jedrzej;

    Quantum communication has demonstrated its usefulness for quantum cryptography far beyond quantum key distribution. One domain is two-party cryptography, whose goal is to allow two parties who may not trust each other to solve joint tasks. Another interesting application is position......-based cryptography whose goal is to use the geographical location of an entity as its only identifying credential. Unfortunately, security of these protocols is not possible against an all powerful adversary. However, if we impose some realistic physical constraints on the adversary, there exist protocols for which...... security can be proven, but these so far relied on the knowledge of the quantum operations performed during the protocols. In this work we give device-independent security proofs of two-party cryptography and Position Verification for memoryless devices under different physical constraints on the adversary...

  10. Social Media and Political Communication. Case Study – The Parliamentary Parties In Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tănase Tasenţe

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to examine the extent to which parliamentary parties from Romania are using Social Media to promote their image and political messages, but also the level of participation of supporters in social networks. More than that, another objective of this paper aims to identify similarities between the hypothetical percentages of supporters of political parties in Social Media, electoral percentages of accessing the Romanian Parliament and the current political configuration of the Romanian Parliament. The research focused on comparative analysis of the “de facto” representation of the parliamentary parties in the romanian community and the degree of representation in social networks. The Research method used is quantitative analysis of the online documents and working tool used is the traffic analysis and the degree of the participation in social networks.

  11. The Feminist Consciousness in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Song-zhi

    2016-01-01

    Feminist movement reaches its climax in the first two decades of the 20th century. There are many female novelists in that time and Mansfield is one of them. Most of her novels are full of feminist consciousness, and The Garden Party is a special one. The characters in the story are different from other story. The author describes how the society and its spokesman Mrs. Sher-idan restrain the nature of Laura in detail. The author uses Laura to hint the current situation of women.

  12. Third party liability for nuclear damage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic principles of nuclear liability legislation are discussed including absolute and limited liability and the role of the Sovereign State in idemnifying the operator for damage in excess of limited liability. European counrties realised the need for unifying the law of nuclear instability and efforts were made accordingly towards producing workable international conventions. The world's first legislation on nuclear liability - the USA Price-Anderson Act - is described in detail and a digest of nuclear liability claims experience is given. Observations of the present status of nuclear third party liability are outlined. (Author)

  13. The Conservative's party changing attitude towards immigration

    OpenAIRE

    Henriquez, Jonatan; Beierbahs, Edgars; Sneberg, Ann Kristin

    2014-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to understand the current events happening on the United Kingdom’s (UK) political stage. The Conservative Party (CP) and it’s leader David Cameron came in public on 28th of november 2014 with a speech, where was announced a ‘new’ political agenda and policy course of immigration in the UK. This announcement was very popular amongst European media, because it stated that the CP wants to restrict the free movement of the European Union (EU), wher...

  14. College Party Culture and Sexual Assault

    OpenAIRE

    Jason M. Lindo; Siminski, Peter; Swensen, Isaac D.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the degree to which events that intensify partying increase sexual assault. Estimates are based on panel data from campus and local law-enforcement agencies and an identification strategy that exploits plausibly random variation in the timing of Division 1 football games. The estimates indicate that these events increase daily reports of rape with 17-24 year old victims by 28 percent. The effects are driven largely by 17-24 year old offenders and by offenders unknown to t...

  15. Efficient secure two-party protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Hazay, Carmit

    2010-01-01

    The authors present a comprehensive study of efficient protocols and techniques for secure two-party computation -- both general constructions that can be used to securely compute any functionality, and protocols for specific problems of interest. The book focuses on techniques for constructing efficient protocols and proving them secure. In addition, the authors study different definitional paradigms and compare the efficiency of protocols achieved under these different definitions.The book opens with a general introduction to secure computation and then presents definitions of security for a

  16. Renal Cancer Biomarkers | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute's Laboratory of Proteomics and Analytical Technologies is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic cancer biomarkers from clinical specimens.

  17. The {open_quotes}Command and Control{close_quotes} philosophy of the Communist party of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kominiak, G.J.; Eisenberger, J.C.; Menaul, K.L. [and others

    1996-01-01

    China`s central political authorities have constructed a system which is designed to enable them to exert their personal influence and control over each level of every organization in the country -- both civil and military. The Communist Party of China (CPC) is represented at all levels of each and every organization, including the People`s Liberation Army (PLA). These Party entities are intended to both provide oversight and to ensure that Party policies, directives and orders are obeyed. This penchant for political control, which may have its roots in China`s imperial past, appears to have been reinforced by the early developmental path chosen by the Party`s leadership. Current attempts aimed at maintaining political control of its resources, especially the military, are embodied in the formal system of {open_quotes}Political Work.{close_quotes} In the PLA, this system of political control results in the involvement of political organs in day-to-day military matters to an extent unheard of in the West. Further work is needed in order to understand, more fully, both the system of {open_quotes}Political Work{close_quotes} and its contributions to the overall military (and civil) command and control philosophic of the Communist Party of China.

  18. The biology of cancer metastasis or, 'you cannot fix it if you do not know how it works'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidler, I J

    1991-10-01

    The major cause of death from cancer is the relentless growth of metastases that are resistant to conventional therapy. The pathogenesis of a metastasis is complex and requires that tumor cells complete a sequence of potentially lethal interactions with various host factors. The finding in 1973 that metastasis is a selective process and the finding in 1977 that malignant neoplasms are heterogeneous and contain few preexisting metastatic subpopulations have added a new dimension to our understanding of cancer and its spread. This understanding is now contributing to the design of better therapies against disseminated metastasis.

  19. Clivages partisans et partis politiques en Libye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moncef Djaziri

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La société libyenne traverse une période de grands changements socio-économiques qui annoncent à moyen terme d’importants changements politiques. Le bon déroulement de la transition à laquelle la Libye devra faire face, dépend en partie du rôle que pourront y jouer les partis politiques. Cet article est consacré à l’analyse des clivages politiques et partisans en Libye. Après un bref aperçu théorique et un rappel des premières expériences partisanes pendant la période coloniale et au cours des premières années qui ont suivi le prise du pouvoir par Kadhafi, ce texte porte tout particulièrement sur la structuration des oppositions politiques contempo­raines avec leurs ressemblances et différences. Enfin, et s’agissant de la transition, l’hypothèse d’une dynastisation du pouvoir en Libye, évoquée à la fin de l’article, paraît pertinente eu égard à plusieurs facteurs. Une telle transition impliquera la prise en compte des clivages existants et devra s’appuyer sur les organisations partisanes dans ce pays.

  20. LES PARTIES DU CONTRAT DE CONCESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian OLARU

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The essential feature of the administrative contract, which is part of the concession contract, differentiates from the civil contract with at least one of the topics of administrative contract that is a physical person of public law. Thus, if the subject of civil contract can be any physical or juridical person that has full the capacity to exercise, then, in the case of the administrative contract, at least one subject must have the special “quality”, namely to be a public authority or a moral person of public law. If one of the contracting parties is a public figure and the other is a person of private law, the contract may be administrative. “This condition is necessary, but not sufficient”. By the definition given to concession in article 1 line 1 of the Law on concessions, the legislator determines not only the name of the contracting parties, which formed the juridical report (the conceded, the concessionaire but also the subject concession contract, which makes it different from other administrative contracts. Moreover, in the article 4 of the cited law, it is determined the scope of the public authorities, juridical persons of public law that may have the quality of conceded, while article 5 provides the scope of persons who may have the quality of concessionaire.

  1. Party politics as usual? The role of political parties in EU legislative decision-making

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindberg, Bjorn; Rasmussen, Anne; Warntjen, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Scholars have raised doubts about the ability of political parties to fulfil their traditional role as 'transmission belts' between citizens and legislators in the EU. We discuss how the different institutional environment of the EU affects the assumptions and predictions of theories of political pa

  2. Cosuppression of Sprouty and Sprouty-Related Negative Regulators of FGF Signalling in Prostate Cancer: A Working Hypothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J. Assinder

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Deregulation of FGF receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK signalling is common in prostate cancer. Normally, to moderate RTK signalling, induction of Sprouty (SPRY and Sprouty-related (SPRED antagonists occurs. Whilst decreased SPRY and SPRED has been described in some cancers, their role in prostate cancer is poorly understood. Therefore, we hypothesise that due to the need for tight regulation of RTK signalling, SPRY and SPRED negative regulators provide a degree of redundancy which ensures that a suppression of one or more family member does not lead to disease. Contrary to this, our analyses of prostates from 24-week-old Spry1- or Spry2-deficientmice, either hemizygous (+/− or homozygous (−/− for the null allele, revealed a significantly greater incidence of PIN compared to wild-type littermates. We further investigated redundancy of negative regulators in the clinical setting in a preliminary analysis of Gene Expression Omnibus and Oncomine human prostate cancer datasets. Consistent with our hypothesis, in two datasets analysed a significant cosuppression of SPRYs and SPREDs is evident. These findings demonstrate the importance of negative regulators of receptor tyrosine signalling, such as Spry, in the clinical setting, and highlight their importance for future pharmacopeia.

  3. A Market for Justice: A First Empirical Look at Third Party Litigation Funding

    OpenAIRE

    Abrams, David; Daniel L. Chen

    2013-01-01

    The alienability of legal claims holds the promise of increasing access to justice and fostering development of the law. While much theoretical work points to this possibility, no empirical work has investigated the claims, largely due to the rarity of trading in legal claims in modern systems of law. In this paper we take the first step toward empirically testing some of these theoretical claims using data from Australia. We find some evidence that third-party funding corresponds to an incre...

  4. School leadership and citizenship education: the experiences and struggles of school party secretaries in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, S; Law, WW

    2015-01-01

    Many scholarly works have examined school leadership, and many others have studied models for teaching citizenship education. Research combining both school leadership and citizenship education, however, is rare. The leadership of China’s school party secretaries (SPSs), who are the equivalent of school principals in the Chinese school system and are particularly responsible for leading and supervising citizenship education and political work on campus, is even less researched. Drawing on dat...

  5. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortín, Ignacio Ortuño; Schultz, Christian

    The paper considers public funding of political parties when some voters are poorly informed about parties’ candidates and campaigns are informative. For symmetric equilibria, it is shown that more pub- lic funding leads parties to chose more moderate candidates, and that an increase in the funding’s...... dependence on vote shares induces fur- ther moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene…ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate, while the smaller party reacts by choosing a more extremist candidate. On balance, however, if the parties...... are not too asymmetric, an increase in vote share dependent funding improves welfare and increases the likelihood that a moderate candidate wins the election...

  6. Economic Evaluation of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), CHERE Working Paper 2007/6

    OpenAIRE

    Alex Bird; Richard Norman; Stephen Goodall

    2007-01-01

    Background: There are several perceived benefits from introducing positron emission tomography (PET) scanning into the staging of non small lung cancer (NSCLC). However, its greatest primary benefit is the role it can potential perform in reducing the number of unnecessary diagnostic examinations and futile surgeries. Objectives: To evaluate the economic impact and cost effectiveness of PET scanning in the management of potentially operable NSCLC patients using a cost-utility model. Methods: ...

  7. Anti-Corruption Parties and Good Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bågenholm, Andreas; Charron, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    , institutions and other constraints and how this affects corruption and other forms of bad government. It problematizes the incentives for elites and masses to fight grand and petty corruption, respectively, and demonstrates the importance of elite constraints for good societies, where infant mortality is low...... and life expectancy and satisfaction are high. It also explores the behavior of a largely unconstrained elite group, namely the diplomatic corps, and shows how corruption not only takes the form of money transfers but also of sexual exploitation.It reveals how even rather distant historical experiences...... are introduced through interactions between recruitment regimes to the bureaucracy, or economic motivations and democratic accountability. Finally, it explores how political parties can be a positive force in the fight against corruption and bad government...

  8. SITE COMPREHENSIVE LISTING (CERCLIS) (Superfund) - Responsible Parties at CERCLIS Sites

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Responsible Parties at CERCLIS Sites - The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLIS) (Superfund) Public Access...

  9. Server-Aided Two-Party Computation with Simultaneous Corruption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cascudo Pueyo, Ignacio; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Ranellucci, Samuel

    We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal composab......We consider secure two-party computation in the client-server model where there are two adversaries that operate separately but simultaneously, each of them corrupting one of the parties and a restricted subset of servers that they interact with. We model security via the local universal...

  10. Strategic behavior in the tri-party repo market

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The repo market in the United States played a significant role during the 2007–2009 global financial crisis. A large portion of the transactions in this market take the form of a tri-party repo, where a third party (a clearing bank) intermediates between the borrower and the lender. The sudden withdrawal of tri-party repo funding was a critical factor leading to the demise of Bear Stearns. It is now widely believed that the tri-party repo infrastructure has some serious vulnerabilities. Using...

  11. CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Kavoussi

    1973-09-01

    Full Text Available There are many carcinogenetic elements in industry and it is for this reason that study and research concerning the effect of these materials is carried out on a national and international level. The establishment and growth of cancer are affected by different factors in two main areas:-1 The nature of the human or animal including sex, age, point and method of entry, fat metabolism, place of agglomeration of carcinogenetic material, amount of material absorbed by the body and the immunity of the body.2 The different nature of the carcinogenetic material e.g. physical, chemical quality, degree of solvency in fat and purity of impurity of the element. As the development of cancer is dependent upon so many factors, it is extremely difficult to determine whether a causative element is principle or contributory. Some materials are not carcinogenetic when they are pure but become so when they combine with other elements. All of this creates an industrial health problem in that it is almost impossible to plan an adequate prevention and safety program. The body through its system of immunity protects itself against small amounts of carcinogens but when this amount increases and reaches a certain level the body is not longer able to defend itself. ILO advises an effective protection campaign against cancer based on the Well –equipped laboratories, Well-educated personnel, the establishment of industrial hygiene within factories, the regular control of safety systems, and the implementation of industrial health principles and research programs.

  12. Explaining Political Party Performance in European Communication: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Party Political Cueing in domestic EU Treaty Ratification.

    OpenAIRE

    Packham, Kathrin

    2009-01-01

    Political parties messages or cues constitute important factors shaping public attitudes not only on domestic matters but also on issues of European integration and constitutionalisation. The question explored in the book is, how national political parties communication matters for European integration. The study aims at providing explanations for the politicisation of European contentious politics here EU treaty ratification by analysing patterns of variation in political parties public comm...

  13. Party-state relationship, an effect of the political competition. The party system and patronage in Romanian politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Lonean

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the party-state relationship in post-communist Romania. It shows the connections between the existence of patronage, corruption and the states’ weak administrative capacity, on one hand, and the dynamics of the political party system, as an explanatory variable, on the other hand. The instability of the political parties in Romania and their changing relations within the system make the electorates’ task of anticipating and sanctioning their politics impossible. Consequently, the political parties have the possibility of extracting resources from the state without being held accountable in elections, as an effect of their dynamic, but non-robust competition.

  14. Political parties and Facebook: A study of Icelandic political parties and their social media usage

    OpenAIRE

    Baldvin Þór Bergsson

    2014-01-01

    The importance of social media in the national discourse is increasing but little is known about their true effects on political communication and participation. The paper examines how the Icelandic political parties used social media during the campaign for the 2013 general elections and possible influence of the electorate. Data from the Icelandic National Election Study was used to examine a possible link between political interest and participation. International studies are used as a ref...

  15. [A negative first-line work-up of Raynaud's phenomenon: And what if it were cancer?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auboire, L; Landy, S; Perrot, J-Y; Maïza, D; Le Hello, C

    2010-02-01

    Raynaud's phenomenon is a transient paroxysmal vasomotor phenomenon affecting the extremities including manifestations of ischemia. It is a common phenomenon in the general population. In a routine clinical situation, the first step is to differentiate Raynaud's disease from a secondary Raynaud's phenomenon, the latter requiring complementary investigations. We report here the case of an 80-year-old woman who presented a secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. First-line investigations remained negative. A mammography was performed and revealed breast cancer. Raynaud's phenomenon disappeared after treatment of the breast carcinoma and did not recur during the 2-year follow-up.

  16. 1985 Cancer Facts and Figures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Cancer Society, Inc., New York, NY.

    Information and statistical data about cancer are provided in seven categories. They include: (1) basic cancer data (considering how cancer works, trends in diagnosis and treatment, new cancer cases and deaths for 1985, and other areas); (2) major cancer sites (discussing lung cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, 5-year survival rates/trends…

  17. Secure Two-Party Computation with Low Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Faust, Sebastian; Hazay, Carmit

    2011-01-01

    We propose a 2-party UC-secure computation protocol that can compute any function securely. The protocol requires only two messages, communication that is poly-logarithmic in the size of the circuit description of the function, and the workload for one of the parties is also only poly-logarithmic...

  18. Organizational mediators siding with or against the powerful party

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laskewitz, P; Van de Vliert, E; De Dreu, C K W

    1994-01-01

    Instead of being impartial, a mediator may side with one party as a function of the disputants' power differences, the mediator's legitimacy judgments, or the disputants' capacity to sanction the mediator. According to the power balancing theory, a mediator sides with the party that has a power disa

  19. STEM and the Evolution of the Astronomical Star Party

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, B. H.; Munive, P.; Franco, J.; Jones, A. P.; Shaner, A. J.; Buxner, S.; Bleacher, L.

    2015-12-01

    The astronomical star party has long been a powerful and effective way to engage the public and enhance cohesiveness within the amateur astronomy community. Early star parties tended to be strictly small, local events. But with improvements in transportation, larger regional star parties became popular. These advanced the considerable capabilities for citizen science in the amateur community, shared technology and engineering innovations in the field of telescope making, and refined numerous mathematical techniques in areas such instrument design and ephemeris generation, covering the full breadth of STEM. Advancements in astrophotography showcased at these events brought the star party from STEM to STEAM. Now, the advent of social media, web streaming, and virtual presence has facilitated the phenomenon of very large, networked star parties with international scope. These mega star parties take public engagement to a new, far greater levels, giving a vastly larger and more diverse public the opportunity to directly participate in exciting first-hand STEM activities. This presentation will recount the evolution of the star party and will focus on two examples of large, multinational, networked star parties, International Observe the Moon Night and Noche de las Estrellas. We will look at lessons learned and ways to participate.

  20. Three-party quantum teleportation with asymmetric states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we consider the three-party quantum teleportation using non-symmetric states. Considering all possible teleportation scenarios in the three-party quantum teleportation, we show that the asymmetric teleportation would carry more information than symmetrical ones. We also discuss the relation between teleportation protocols and quantum states classficition

  1. Communist Party of China and Human Rights Protection for Criminals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN JIA; PEI JUNJIE

    2011-01-01

    Protection of criminals' human rights is an important issue that has received full attention at home and abroad.The Communlst Party of China (CPC) has always attached much importance to the protection of criminals' human rights.Since the founding of New China,the Party and the state have paid full attention to protecting the human rights of criminals.

  2. Complete Fairness in Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gordon, S. Dov; Hazay, Carmit; Katz, Jonathan;

    2011-01-01

    In the setting of secure two-party computation, two mutually distrusting parties wish to compute some function of their inputs while preserving, to the extent possible, various security properties such as privacy, correctness, and more. One desirable property is fairness which guarantees, informa......In the setting of secure two-party computation, two mutually distrusting parties wish to compute some function of their inputs while preserving, to the extent possible, various security properties such as privacy, correctness, and more. One desirable property is fairness which guarantees......, informally, that if one party receives its output, then the other party does too. Cleve [1986] showed that complete fairness cannot be achieved in general without an honest majority. Since then, the accepted folklore has been that nothing non-trivial can be computed with complete fairness in the two......-party setting. We demonstrate that this folklore belief is false by showing completely fair protocols for various nontrivial functions in the two-party setting based on standard cryptographic assumptions. We first show feasibility of obtaining complete fairness when computing any function over polynomial...

  3. When the stakes are high: party competition and negative campaigning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.S. Walter; W. van der Brug; P. van Praag

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the conditions under which different kinds of parties resort to negative campaigning in three Western European countries: the Netherlands, Britain, and Germany in the period between 1980 and 2006. Data were collected for 27 parties, participating in 23 elections, yielding a tot

  4. 31 CFR 210.9 - Parties to the reclamation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Parties to the reclamation. 210.9... AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE Reclamation of Benefit Payments § 210.9 Parties to the reclamation. (a) Agreement... § 210.10(e). (b) The Federal Government. In processing reclamations pursuant to this subpart,...

  5. Developing Product Lines with 3rd-party components

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jonge, M.

    2007-01-01

    The trends toward product line development and toward adopting more 3rd-party software are hard to combine. The reason is that productlines demand fine control over the software (e.g., for diversity management), while 3rd-party software (almost by definition) provides only little or no control. A

  6. 17 CFR 201.150 - Service of papers by parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service of papers by parties... PRACTICE Rules of Practice General Rules § 201.150 Service of papers by parties. (a) When required. In every proceeding as defined in § 201.101(a), each paper, including each notice of appearance,...

  7. A Christian Democratic Party in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandon, Donald W.

    1982-01-01

    The basis of Christian political thought is discussed, why Christian Democratic parties exist in other democratic countries is explained, and how the American political and moral climate may have changed enough to make the formation of such a party feasible in this country is examined. (RM)

  8. Communist Party Membership and Regime Dynamics in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bian, Yanjie; Shu, Xiaoling; Logan, John R.

    2001-01-01

    Chinese survey data indicates that Communist party membership in all post-1949 periods was predicted by measures of political screening and was positively associated with mobility into positions of political and managerial authority. Education predicted Communist party membership after 1978, suggesting that China has shifted to recruiting among…

  9. The Communist Party of China and Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE XIAOWEN

    2011-01-01

    The Communist Party of China (CPC) has persistently fought for human rights since its founding in 1921.This is epitomized by the Party's success in promoting democracy,getting the Chinese nation to rally around it,uniting with religious believers and protecting human rights.

  10. Asynchronous Multi-Party Computation with Quadratic Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirt, Martin; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Przydatek, Bartosz

    2008-01-01

    We present an efficient protocol for secure multi-party computation in the asynchronous model with optimal resilience. For n parties, up to t < n/3 of them being corrupted, and security parameter κ, a circuit with c gates can be securely computed with communication complexity O(cn^2k) bits, which...

  11. Supreme matters: tea parties and the activism of restraint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Kurzbauer

    2010-01-01

    An essay on the impact of Tea Parties on the appointment of Supreme Court Justices. According to recently released statistics, one-fifth of all US citizens are Tea Party Supporters: predominately white conservatives convinced of the 'evils' of the Obama administration. Taking their cue from the defi

  12. High treason. The activity of The Communist Party of Western Belarus in Vilnius in 1930 – 1935

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiusz Łukasiewicz

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to attempt to explain the activities of the Communist Party of Western Belarus in Vilnius during the first half of the thirties of the twentieth century. The author's aim is to show the organisation, theory and practice of this illegal party. Furthermore, the intention is to present the activities of Vilnius police towards communist sympathizers and activists. Founded in 1923 in Vilnius, the Communist Party of Western Belarus was a branch of The Communist Party of Poland. This organization like the polish communist party was illegal. Its aim was to combat the Polish state and to perform electioneering for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Although the name of the party could indicate a desire for independence of Belarus, in practice it was for the removal of the north eastern provinces of the Second Republic of Poland to the USSR. CPWB activity had a special dimension in Vilnius. As the region's largest city and former capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnus was home for many nations, religions and cultures. Moreover, Vilnius was the most important field for communist action . Given the number of inhabitants, industrialized multi-ethnic character, communists had the opportunity to develop wide subversive and conspiratorial work. In addition, the city was the great centre of production and distribution of communist publications, which allowed the spread of propaganda in both its administrative boundaries and in the Vilnius Voivodeship.

  13. FINANCING DEMOCRACY OR CORRUPTION? POLITICAL PARTY FINANCING IN THE EU’ S SOUTHEASTERN AND EASTERN MEMBER STATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada-Iuliana POPESCU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Fighting public-sector corruption has become a priority for most governments and international organizations. The public sector is the source of many benefits. Realizing improper private gains from these benefits has long been the core definition of corruption. As the public sector grows and expands its activities, the complexity of its activities also increases. The opportunities for improper private gains grow, too. Therefore, not surprisingly, the EU admits that the public sector, including political parties and public administrations, are especially vulnerable to corruption. Political parties, for instance, depend on the funding destined for their capability to win elections and otherwise to influence public policies. In turn, this dependency creates opportunities for a variety of corrupt activities. Ensuring that campaign funding promotes democracy and not corruption requires well-crafted, vigorously enforced laws. This article analyzes the legal framework of political party financing in the Eastern and South-eastern European EU member states, in order to assess how well it works in preventing political party corruption.

  14. The willingness to pay of parties to traffic accidents for loss of productivity and consolation compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jou, Rong-Chang; Chen, Tzu-Ying

    2015-12-01

    In this study, willingness to pay (WTP) for loss of productivity and consolation compensation by parties to traffic accidents is investigated using the Tobit model. In addition, WTP is compared to compensation determined by Taiwanese courts. The modelling results showed that variables such as education, average individual monthly income, traffic accident history, past experience of severe traffic accident injuries, the number of working days lost due to a traffic accident, past experience of accepting compensation for traffic accident-caused productivity loss and past experience of accepting consolation compensation caused by traffic accidents have a positive impact on WTP. In addition, average WTP for these two accident costs were obtained. We found that parties to traffic accidents were willing to pay more than 90% of the compensation determined by the court in the scenario of minor and moderate injuries. Parties were willing to pay approximately 80% of the compensation determined by the court for severe injuries, disability and fatality. Therefore, related agencies can use our study findings as the basis for determining the compensation that parties should pay for productivity losses caused by traffic accidents of different types.

  15. The armed hand of State-party: The National Guard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The single party was the militarized political institution of the new authoritarian regime lead by King Carol II by using the armed hand of single organization in the state, The National Guard. The militarization of policy represented the main dimension of the regime and the state architecture revealed the single party capacity to militarize the administrative institutions. The architecture of National Renaissance Front was similar to a military unit, the official attributions of the National Guard consisted in the maintenance of order in the territory, and unofficially regarded the monitoring of members and opposites of the party and regime, by control and surveillance activity. The National Guard was politicized institution of the regime and of the single party which proved its inefficiency because of the subordination of the commandant general to the single party. Militaries lead the single organization as well as the National Guard.

  16. 32 CFR 700.835 - Work, facilities, supplies, or services for other Government departments, State or local...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... other Government departments, State or local governments, foreign governments, private parties and....835 Work, facilities, supplies, or services for other Government departments, State or local... Federal and State governments, local governments, foreign governments, private parties, and...

  17. Prostate cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is about diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of prostate cancer. The techniques used are: transrectal ultrasound, laparascopy, bone scan, chest x-ray, radiography, chemoterapy and radiotherapy

  18. Cops and dogs against party drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ton Nabben

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available

    In the Netherlands, a significant shift in policy with regard to drug users can be observed. Originally, ecstasy was predominantly defined as a ‘pleasure pill’, whereas today, Dutch policy makers increasingly associate the substance with health problems. The police are present at festivals and dance parties, bouncers are instructed to (body-search all visitors, and police dogs are used at the venue to detect drugs. Theoretically framed by a critical discussion of the historical and theoretical roots of zero-tolerance, this article uses qualitative and quantitative data to answer three questions, relating to the national level and more specifically to Amsterdam. What is the effect of this new zero tolerance policy in practice? How have drug users and drug dealers reacted to the repressive measures, which sometimes include drug detection dogs? What developments have occurred in the drug trade and in the use of recreational substances?

  19. CERN clubs join the fiftieth anniversary party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    CERN's clubs are planning to celebrate the Organization's 50th anniversary by organising a variety of special events. It's raining projects! CERN's clubs have chosen to celebrate the Organization's Golden Jubilee, each in its own style, by organising a whole host of anniversary events. While the Cine-Club continues to screen films made in the Member States on Thursday evenings, other clubs are organising special races and tournaments to honour CERN's 50th year. The CERN Rugby Club led the way in early April when it hosted a children's tournament which brought the Laboratory firmly into the view of its many young participants. On 24 April, the Cycling Club moves to centre stage as it takes its members on a unique 50-km discovery trip around the countryside above the tunnel of the future LHC. The Croquet Club, the Running Club, the Horse Riding Club and the Golf Club will all be joining the party in May and June. After that, football, softball, cycling, pétanque and sailing are just some of the items on a sp...

  20. Matrix revolutions? An analysis of party organization and ICT use by political parties in the Republic of Ireland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Wall; M.L. Sudulich

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the characteristics of political parties' websites in the Republic of Ireland and seeks to evaluate whether parties' organizational structures influence the manner in which they present themselves online. Ireland has been chosen as a research environment because there is si

  1. Watertightness work on the C and D embankment of the Petit-Saut hydraulic facility; first part: establishment of a tightness fault. Dams life. Vouglans dam: life of a thirty years dam; second part: complementary studies and works performed. Activities of the control services; Travaux d'etanchement des digues C et D de l'amenagement hydraulique de Petit-Saut; premiere partie: constatation d'un defaut d'etancheite. La vie des barrages. Barrage de Vouglans: vie d'un trentenaire; deuxieme partie: etudes complementaires et travaux realises. Activite des services du controle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clere, H. [DRIRE Franche-Comte, 25 - Besancon (France); Cotin, L.

    2001-07-01

    This issue of Barrages newsletter comprises 4 articles. The first article deals with the discovery of a tightness deficiency in the embankments of the Petit-Saut dam in French Guiana (description, monitoring after flooding, leaks and pressure measurements, geophysical surveys, solutions). The second article reports on the results of decennial and annual inspections of French dams for the first quarter of 2001: fissures propagation, water oozing, leaks, concrete swelling etc.. Only the observations requiring a special follow-up are reported. The third article is devoted to the complementary study and works carried out at the Vouglans dam (Franche-Comte, France) for the anchoring of the spillway breaking reservoir. The last article reports on some important facts (accidents, reservoirs emptying, administrative instructions, technical meetings, planning of inspections etc..). (J.S.)

  2. A Survey-Based Study on ICT Adoption in the Third-Party Logistics Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kwok Hung Lau; Haibo Huang

    2012-01-01

    Information and communication technology (ICT) is an important tool to enhance efficiency and responsiveness in modern-day supply chains. Owing to fierce market competition and rapidly changing business environment, organizations are forced to focus on their core competency and outsource their logistics function to third-party logistics (3PL) firms. In order to work hand-in-hand with customers to meet their day-to-day logistics needs, 3PL companies have to make use of ICT for efficient commun...

  3. The Tri-Party Partnership: an Investigation into the Existing Support Structures Within a DIT Placement

    OpenAIRE

    Meakin, Kerry; Keane, Órla

    2015-01-01

    The readiness of students entering the workforce upon graduating has been widely researched in Ireland, and a student work placement that is embedded in the curriculum is commonly recognised as a crucial mechanism that is key to preparing graduates for the ‘real world’. In this particular study, the voice of many key parties are captured, including the students themselves, members of the academic department who coordinate the programme, and the industry partners. Recommendations are made base...

  4. Batch Secret Sharing for Secure Multi-party Computation in Asynchronous Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Zheng; GONG Zheng; LI Qiang

    2009-01-01

    This paper proposes an efficient batch secret sharing protocol among n players resilient to t < n/4 players in asynchronous network. The construction of our protocol is along the line of Hirt's protocol which works in synchronous model. Compared with the method of using secret share protocol m times to share m secrets, our protocol is quite efficient. The protocol can be used to improve the efficiency of secure multi-party computation (MPC) greatly in asynchronous network.

  5. Bridging Health Care and the Workplace: Formulation of a Return-to-Work Intervention for Breast Cancer Patients Using an Intervention Mapping Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Désiron, Huguette A M; Crutzen, Rik; Godderis, Lode; Van Hoof, Elke; de Rijk, Angelique

    2016-09-01

    Purpose An increasing number of breast cancer (BC) survivors of working age require return to work (RTW) support. Objective of this paper is to describe the development of a RTW intervention to be embedded in the care process bridging the gap between hospital and workplace. Method The Intervention Mapping (IM) approach was used and combined formative research results regarding RTW in BC patients with published insights on occupational therapy (OT) and RTW. Four development steps were taken, starting from needs assessment to the development of intervention components and materials. Results A five-phased RTW intervention guided by a hospital-based occupational therapist is proposed: (1) assessing the worker, the usual work and contextual factors which impacts on (re-)employment; (2) exploration of match/differences between the worker and the usual work; (3) establishing long term goals, broken down into short term goals; (4) setting up tailored actions by carefully implementing results of preceding phases; (5) step by step, the program as described in phase 4 will be executed. The occupational therapist monitors, measures and reviews goals and program-steps in the intervention to secure the tailor-made approach of each program-step of the intervention. Conclusion The use of IM resulted in a RTW oriented OT intervention. This unique intervention succeeds in matching individual BC patient needs, the input of stakeholders at the hospital and the workplace. PMID:26728492

  6. Race, ideology, and the tea party: a longitudinal study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric D Knowles

    Full Text Available The Tea Party movement, which rose to prominence in the United States after the election of President Barack Obama, provides an ideal context in which to examine the roles of racial concerns and ideology in politics. A three-wave longitudinal study tracked changes in White Americans' self-identification with the Tea Party, racial concerns (prejudice and racial identification, and ideologies (libertarianism and social conservatism over nine months. Latent Growth Modeling (LGM was used to evaluate potential causal relationships between Tea Party identification and these factors. Across time points, racial prejudice was indirectly associated with movement identification through Whites' assertions of national decline. Although initial levels of White identity did not predict change in Tea Party identification, initial levels of Tea Party identification predicted increases in White identity over the study period. Across the three assessments, support for the Tea Party fell among libertarians, but rose among social conservatives. Results are discussed in terms of legitimation theories of prejudice, the "racializing" power of political judgments, and the ideological dynamics of the Tea Party.

  7. Making it work: health care provider perspectives on strategies to increase colorectal cancer screening in federally qualified health centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwede, Clement K; Davis, Stacy N; Quinn, Gwendolyn P; Koskan, Alexis M; Ealey, Jamila; Abdulla, Rania; Vadaparampil, Susan T; Elliott, Gloria; Lopez, Diana; Shibata, David; Roetzheim, Richard G; Meade, Cathy D

    2013-12-01

    Colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) rates are low among men and women who seek health care at federally qualified health centers (FQHCs). This study explores health care providers' perspectives about their patient's motivators and impediments to CRCS and receptivity to preparatory education. A mixed methods design consisting of in-depth interviews, focus groups, and a short survey is used in this study. The participants of this study are 17 health care providers practicing in FQHCs in the Tampa Bay area. Test-specific patient impediments and motivations were identified including fear of abnormal findings, importance of offering less invasive fecal occult blood tests, and need for patient-centered test-specific educational materials in clinics. Opportunities to improve provider practices were identified including providers' reliance on patients' report of symptoms as a cue to recommend CRCS and overemphasis of clinic-based guaiac stool tests. This study adds to the literature on CRCS test-specific motivators and impediments. Providers offered unique approaches for motivating patients to follow through with recommended CRCS and were receptive to in-clinic patient education. Findings readily inform the design of educational materials and interventions to increase CRCS in FQHCs. PMID:23943277

  8. Multi-party arbitration in international trade: problems and solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siig, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Legal disputes regarding international trade frequently involve more than two parties. This leads to problems, as the preferred means of dispute resolution within international trade - arbitration - tends to be ill-equipped to handle such disputes. The topic of the paper is arbitration as a means...... of dispute resolution in a multy-party set-up. Both the possible legal bases and the problems encountered are considere. It is concluded that arbitration is still the only real option to the parties in international business disputes and that many of the shortcomings  may be contered by skilful drafting...... of the arbitration agreement...

  9. THE SOCIALIST PARTY IN INDIA AND ITS POLITICS

    OpenAIRE

    S. D. PAWAR

    2013-01-01

    It was the opinion of the Socialist Party that India had found a non-violent way of fighting against Britain (the U.K.) and American imperialism and capitalism. The Socialist Party had decided to take the people on this line. The Socialist Party was led by Jayprakash Narayan and other farsighted revolutionary leaders. India had found a new way of fighting an unarmed revolution which was going on for last 30 years under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The socialists and Jayprakash Narayan th...

  10. Moral emotions as determinants of third-party punishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rob M. A. Nelissen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Third-party punishment has recently received attention as an explanation for human altruism. Feelings of anger in response to norm violations are assumed to motivate third-party sanctions, yet there is only sparse and indirect support for this idea. We investigated the impact of both anger and guilt feelings on third-party sanctions. In two studies both emotions were independently manipulated. Results show that anger and guilt independently constitute sufficient but not necessary causes of punishment. Low levels of punishment are observed only when neither emotion is elicited. We discuss the implications of these findings for the functions of altruistic sanctions.

  11. Positive predictive value of CEA and Ca19-9 as tumor markers for recurrent colorectal cancer in cases where conventional work-up fail to localize disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yana Bocheva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Routine surveillance of colorectal cancer includes serial measurements of CEA levels. Although not routinely indicated Ca 19-9 is also a tool for recurrence. When any of these serum markers is elevated during follow up, this could represent a recurrence. The management of elevated tumor marker levels include clinical exams, endoscopy and conventional imaging –ultrasound, CT, MRI.Objective: To evaluate the positive predictive value of CEA and Ca19-9 as tumor markers for recurrent colorectal cancer in cases where conventional imaging and endoscopic studies fail to localize disease.Materials and methods: A total of 75 patients with elevated CEA and/or Ca19-9 serum levels and negative endoscopic exam as well as negative abdominal CT and Chest X-ray were included in the study. CEA levels were tested in 50 patients. Ca 19-9 was tested in 65 patients. 34 of the patients had both markers tested. All patients underwent whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT. Patients with negative of equivocal PET scan were further followed up (10 to 24 months.Results: Based on the reference standard – the results from PET/CT, if positive and the results from follow-up in cases of negative or equivocal scans, the positive predictive value of Ca 19-9 was 84% and that of CEA -83%. There was no significant difference in the PPV of Ca19-9 and CEA.Conclusion: Elevated CEA and Ca 19-9 levels in patients under active surveillance after operation for colorectal cancer have high positive predictive value for recurrence, even in cases where conventional work-up – endoscopy and CT don’t localize disease.

  12. Colon Cancer Biomarkers To Identify Patients Suitable For Therapeutic Intervention | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute's Laboratory of Human Carcinogenesis is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize cancer biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

  13. Mouse Monoclonal Antibodies for Liver Cancer Research | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute Laboratory of Molecular Biology seeks parties for collaborative research to co-develop and commercialize antibody drug/toxin conjugates as liver cancer therapy and diagnostics.

  14. 0222 Night work and breast cancer risk among women in the public Danish health care sector - a short-term follow up of a large scale population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tilma Vistisen, Helene; Helene Garde, Anne; Marie Hansen, Aase;

    2014-01-01

    prevalence of night shift work and with detailed data regarding occupational title and date and hour for beginning and end of every work duty: The Danish Working Hour Database (DWHD). DWHD encompasses payroll data as of 2007 and is updated on an annual basis. For this analysis we defined night work...... national health registries. RESULTS: The 6-year follow up from 2007 to 2012 included 169.011 women of which 98.297 (58%) had ever worked nights during the follow up. A total of1.281 breast cancer cases occurred within the study population. 846 cases occurred among women never worked nights and 435 cases...

  15. Quantum secret sharing between m-party and n-party with six states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    A quantum secret sharing scheme between an m-party group and an n-party group is proposed using three conjugate bases.A sequence of single photons,each of which is prepared in one of the six states,is used directly to encode classical information in the quantum secret sharing process.In this scheme,each of all m members in group 1 chooses randomly his/her own secret key individually and independently,and directly encodes his/her respective secret information on the states of single photons via unitary operations,then the last one sends 1/n of the resulting qubits to each member of group 2.By measuring their respective qubits,all members in group 2 share the secret information shared by all members in group 1.It renders impossible a Trojan horse attack with a multi-photon signal,a fake-signal attack with EPR pairs,an attack with single photons,and an attack with invisible photons.We give the upper bounds on the average success probabilities for dishonest agent eavesdropping encryption using the fake-signal attack with any two-particle entangled states.

  16. Quantum secret sharing between m-party and n-party with six states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Ting; YAN FengLi; LI YouCheng

    2009-01-01

    A quantum secret sharing scheme between an m-party group and an n-party group is proposed using three conjugate bases. A sequence of single photons, each of which is prepared in one of the six states, is used directly to encode classical information in the quantum secret sharing process. In this scheme, each of all m members in group 1 chooses randomly his/her own secret key individually and inde-pendently, and directly encodes his/her respective secret information on the states of single photons via unitary operations, then the last one sends 1/n of the resulting qubits to each member of group 2. By measuring their respective qubits, all members in group 2 share the secret information shared by all members in group 1. It renders impossible a Trojan horse attack with a multi-photon signal, a fake-signal attack with EPR pairs, an attack with single hotons, and an attack with invisible photons. We give the upper bounds on the average success probabilities for dishonest agent eavesdropping encryption using the fake-signal attack with any two-particle entangled states.

  17. Developments in international convention on nuclear third party liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A few years after the adoption of a Protocol to amend the world-wide Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage and of a new ''global'' Convention on the Supplementary Compensation of Nuclear Damage (September 1997), the countries which are party to the Western Europe based Paris and Brussels Conventions are working on the revision of these instruments within the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. The objective of this exercise is not only to preserve the compatibility of the Paris and Vienna provisions, which is now an imperative deriving from the application of the 1988 Joint Protocol linking these two Conventions, but also to substantially improve certain features of this regime such as its technical and geographical scope of application, the facilitation of the rights of victims to defend their claims and, of course, the level of funds effectively available to compensate the damage. This paper reviews briefly the recent evolution of the international nuclear liability regime and discusses some of the challenges which the nuclear countries are facing in this context. (author)

  18. Diagnostic Performance of F-18 FDG PET/CT in Patients with Cancer of Unknown Primary: Additional Benefit over CT-Based Conventional Work up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Bakhshayeshkaram

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the era of well-developed site-specific treatment strategies in cancer, identification of occult primary is of paramount importance in CUP patients. Furthermore, exact determination of the extent of the disease may help in optimizing treatment planning. The aim of the present study was to investigate additional value of F-18 FDG PET/CT in patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP as an appropriate imaging tool in early phase of initial standard work up.Materials and Methods: Sixty-two newly diagnosed CUP patients with inconclusive diagnostic CT scan of chest, abdomen and pelvis referring for F-18 FDG PET/CT were enrolled in this study. Standard of reference was defined as histopathology, other diagnostic procedures and a 3-month formal clinical follow up. The results of PET/CT were categorized as suggestion for primary site and additional metastasis and classified as true positive, false positive, false negative and true negative. The impact of additional metastasis revealed by F-18 FDG PET/CT on treatment planning and the time contribution of F-18 FDG PET/CT in diagnostic pathway was investigated.Results: Sixty-two patients with mean age of 62 (30 men, 32 women, PET/CT correctly identified primary origin in 32% with false positive rate of 14.8%. No primary lesion was detected after negative PET/CT according to standard of reference. Sensitivity, Specificity and accuracy were 100%, 78% and 85%, respectively. Additional metastatic site was found in 56% with 22% impact on treatment planning. Time contribution for PET/CT was 10% of total diagnostic pathway.Conclusion: Providing higher detection rate of primary origin with excellent diagnostic performance, shortening the diagnostic pathway and improving treatment planning, F-18 FDG PET/CT may play a major role in diagnostic work up of CUP patients and may be recommended as an alternative imaging tool in early phase of investigation.

  19. Political party system and party cleavages in South Korea : a study focusing on the lack of left-right polarisation and dominance of regionance of regionalism in political parties

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    The party system and party cleavages in South Korea have been examined in this thesis. Focus has been placed on the two main characteristics of the party system and party cleavages. First, the lack of left-right polarisation in the party system. Second, the dominance of regionalism as a party cleavage. In this quest, as a point of departure, a sociological approach, which is based on Stein Rokkan s historical-developmental approach is adopted. The study was carried out following Stein Rokkan ...

  20. Quantum teleportation in three parties with an accelerated receiver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the multi-party teleportation it is known that, in average, teleportation with W state is more robust than that with GHZ one. However if in the multi-party teleportation a receiver moves in an uniform acceleration, it is questionable that the superiority of W state would be still hold. In this article we consider the three-party teleportation with the receiver in an uniformly accelerated frame. We show that in general, the robustness of three-party teleportation depends on the acceleration of the receiver. Also we find that the fidelity of GHZ state depends on the angle of co-sender's single qubit measurement and the magnitude of acceleration. So we obtain the condition for the the angle of Bob's single qubit measurement and the magnitude of acceleration when the fidelity of GHZ state coincides with that of W one

  1. The Impact of Having Children on Party Member Activism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    2014-01-01

    Party member activism varies in type and intensity, and it is necessary to take this into consideration when explaining the degree of participation. One potential explanation for the level of party member participation is the extent to which there are children in the household. Based on the Danish...... party member survey of 2012, analyses show: First, the cost of having children is more important when explaining more demanding activities than the less demanding activities, and, second, the impact of the cost of having children in the household is larger when including the intensity of participation...... in the dependent variable. Third, the smaller the children, the larger the cost and the larger the negative impact on party activism no matter what type or intensity. Furthermore, there are only limited gender differences in the impact of having children so that children, in particular in the young...

  2. 47 CFR 76.103 - Parties entitled to syndicated exclusivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Exclusivity and Sports Blackout § 76.103 Parties entitled to syndicated exclusivity. (a) Television broadcast station licensees shall be entitled to exercise exclusivity rights pursuant to § 76.101 in accordance...

  3. The 2014 Elections and the Brazilian Party System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ranulfo Melo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian party system presents a paradox. Although the Workers Party (PT and the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB have controlled presidential elections for the last 20 years, their force at the other levels of electoral competition has not grown. The objective of this study is to undertake a discussion of this situation through the 2014 general elections. After attempting to explain why successive challengers have not been able to change the structure of competition for the Brazilian presidency, I will analyze the relation established between the pattern observed at this level and the other “connected” electoral disputes—both those for state executive and federal legislative office. The general conclusion is that even if the pattern continues, it is quite improbable that this will significantly impact the other levels of national political party competition.

  4. ISLAMIC PARTIES AND THE POLITICS OF CONSTITUTIONALISM IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukrimin Mukrimin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia by exploring how Islam is used by political parties to shape the politics. The study shows that Islamic politics is a complementary in both nationhood and statehood in Indonesia. From the early days of the new-born nation-state, Muslims in Indonesia had played significant role in shaping the nation; nonetheless, they have never dominated the political power. Fragmentation among Muslims themselves and internal political parties is among the reason why religious (Islamic parties failed in bringing religious identity to the state arena. Political subordination-inclusion-ignorance-confrontation is the circular game that features Islamic politics in Indonesia. The debatable issue on shari‘ah law, which is frequently used by Islamic parties, always becomes the core problem of the relation between Islam and the state. Even though Islam has played an important role in colouring the Indonesian politics, its existence remains complementary.

  5. On the security of a simple three-party key exchange protocol without server's public keys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Junghyun; Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond; Park, Minkyu; Paik, Juryon; Won, Dongho

    2014-01-01

    Authenticated key exchange protocols are of fundamental importance in securing communications and are now extensively deployed for use in various real-world network applications. In this work, we reveal major previously unpublished security vulnerabilities in the password-based authenticated three-party key exchange protocol according to Lee and Hwang (2010): (1) the Lee-Hwang protocol is susceptible to a man-in-the-middle attack and thus fails to achieve implicit key authentication; (2) the protocol cannot protect clients' passwords against an offline dictionary attack; and (3) the indistinguishability-based security of the protocol can be easily broken even in the presence of a passive adversary. We also propose an improved password-based authenticated three-party key exchange protocol that addresses the security vulnerabilities identified in the Lee-Hwang protocol. PMID:25258723

  6. Properly Handling the Third Party Issues in Sino-U.S. Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The relationship between China and the United States is becoming increasingly important in the world; no longer is it limited to bilateral issues, and the third party issue has grown in significance. There are various kinds of third party countries.Some of these, such as Japan, South Korea, Australia and the European countries are U.S. allies. Some, like the central Asian and ASEAN states, are neighbors of China. In the category of major world powers we can also include Russia, India, Japan and the EU, while African and some Latin American countries are relatively marginalized. An important aspect of China's diplomacy in recent years has been to work hard on two fronts:to develop relations with the above mentioned countries, while at the same time taking note of the interests and concerns of the United States. China has achieved a successful balance between the two.

  7. Recommendations from Gynaecological (GYN) GEC-ESTRO Working Group (IV): Basic principles and parameters for MR imaging within the frame of image based adaptive cervix cancer brachytherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimopoulos, Johannes C A; Petrow, Peter; Tanderup, Kari; Petric, Primoz; Berger, Daniel; Kirisits, Christian; Pedersen, Erik M; van Limbergen, Erik; Haie-Meder, Christine; Pötter, Richard

    2012-04-01

    The GYN GEC-ESTRO working group issued three parts of recommendations and highlighted the pivotal role of MRI for the successful implementation of 3D image-based cervical cancer brachytherapy (BT). The main advantage of MRI as an imaging modality is its superior soft tissue depiction quality. To exploit the full potential of MRI for the better ability of the radiation oncologist to make the appropriate choice for the BT application technique and to accurately define the target volumes and the organs at risk, certain MR imaging criteria have to be fulfilled. Technical requirements, patient preparation, as well as image acquisition protocols have to be tailored to the needs of 3D image-based BT. The present recommendation is focused on the general principles of MR imaging for 3D image-based BT. Methods and parameters have been developed and progressively validated from clinical experience from different institutions (IGR, Universities of Vienna, Leuven, Aarhus and Ljubljana) and successfully applied during expert meetings, contouring workshops, as well as within clinical and interobserver studies. It is useful to perform pelvic MRI scanning prior to radiotherapy ("Pre-RT-MRI examination") and at the time of BT ("BT MRI examination") with one MR imager. Both low and high-field imagers, as well as both open and close magnet configurations conform to the requirements of 3D image-based cervical cancer BT. Multiplanar (transversal, sagittal, coronal and oblique image orientation) T2-weighted images obtained with pelvic surface coils are considered as the golden standard for visualisation of the tumour and the critical organs. The use of complementary MRI sequences (e.g. contrast-enhanced T1-weighted or 3D isotropic MRI sequences) is optional. Patient preparation has to be adapted to the needs of BT intervention and MR imaging. It is recommended to visualise and interpret the MR images on dedicated DICOM-viewer workstations, which should also assist the contouring

  8. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    OpenAIRE

    Yufeng Dong; Liuyi Ling

    2015-01-01

    Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbook...

  9. The Pirate Party and the Politics of Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Fredriksson, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This article draws on a series of interviews with members of the Pirate Party, a political party focusing on copyright and information politics, in different countries. It discusses the interviewees’ visions of democracy and technology and explains that copyright is seen as not only an obstacle to the free consumption of music and movies but a threat to the freedom of speech, the right to privacy, and a thriving public sphere. The first part of this article briefly sketches how the Pirate Par...

  10. Explaining the U.S. tri-party repo market

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Copeland; Darrell Duffie; Antoine Martin; Susan McLaughlin

    2012-01-01

    During the 2007-09 financial crisis, it became apparent that weaknesses existed in the design of the U.S. tri-party repo market that could rapidly elevate and propagate systemic risk. This article describes key mechanics of the market, focusing on two that have contributed to its weaknesses and impacted market reform efforts: the collateral allocation and “unwind” processes. The authors explain that collateral allocation in the tri-party repo market involves considerable dealer intervention, ...

  11. 举办晚会%Holding a Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Please be quiet,everyone.I have something important to tell you.The Students Union is going to hold a party on Saturday evening,August 15,to welcome our friend from England.The party will be held in the third floor of the Main Building.It will begin at 7:50 p.m.There is music,singing,dancing games and exchanging of gifts.

  12. Anti-Party Discourses in Germany: Three Essays

    OpenAIRE

    Bevan, Ruth; Probst, Lothar; Scarrow, Susan

    1995-01-01

    Abstract: Susan Scarrow: The paper argues that there is a logical link between types of party criticisms and types of proposed remedies. It distinguishes three main variants of anti-party discourses - Pluralist, Rouseauian, and Statist - and identifies corresponding remedies. It uses examples from German history to clarify the proposed typology, and to demonstrate the plausibility of the argument.; Abstract Lothar Probst: Following up to the deliberations of Ernst Cassirer and Murray Edelman ...

  13. Achieving Energy Efficient Ship Operations Under Third Party Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taudal Poulsen, René; Sornn-Friese, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Profitable energy saving measures are often not fully implemented in shipping, causing energy efficiency gaps. The paper identifies energy efficiency gaps in ship operations, and explores their causes. Lack of information on energy efficiency, lack of energy training at sea and onshore and lack...... operations is particularly challenging under third party ship management. Finally, the paper discusses management implications for shipping companies, which outsource ship management to third parties....

  14. Social media as political party campaign in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Abdillah, Leon Andretti

    2014-01-01

    Social media as a trend in the Internet is now used as a medium for political campaigns. Author explores the advantages and social media implementation of any political party in Indonesia legislative elections 2014. Author visited and analyzed social media used by the contestants, such as: Facebook, and Twitter. Author collected data from social media until the end of April 2014. This article discusses the use of social media by political parties and their features. The results of this study ...

  15. Political Parties and Rent-seeking through Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Miettinen, Topi; Poutvaara, Panu

    2006-01-01

    We argue that anti-corruption laws may provide an efficiency rationale for why political parties should meddle in the distribution of non-ideological political nominations. Anti-corruption laws forbid trade in nominations made by politicians. However, citizens may pay for gaining access to politicians, thereby becoming potential candidates for nominations. Such rent-seeking results in excessive network formation. Political parties may reduce wasteful network formation, thanks to their ability...

  16. The Workers’ Party and the political use of judiciary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew M. TAYLOR

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws on the experience of the Brazilian Workers’ Party (PT, during periods of opposition and incumbency, to develop a theoretical approach to the use of Courts by political actors. I argue that the use of Courts by political parties is an outcome of their relations with executive incumbents, the institutional architecture of the judiciary, and a strategic evaluation of the different judicial mechanisms that are available to them.

  17. The Romanian Social Democratic Party versus the authoritarian monarchy

    OpenAIRE

    Florin Grecu

    2014-01-01

    The article approaches the Romanian social-democratic collaboration during 1938-1940 with the authoritarian monarch regime. Even though the party leaders had diverging political views, regards to the acceptance or the non-acceptance of the authoritarian regime, the influential PSDR members held leading positions within the single party and the corporate parliament and within the union structures. The positions were offered by the regime, so that the union leaders would stop instigating worker...

  18. The Measures Taken by the Ruling Parties in BRICS for Strengthening Party DisciPline and Their ImPlications%“金砖国家”执政党严明党纪的举措及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔新峰; 于军

    2014-01-01

    Brazil,Russia,India and South Africa,together with China,all belong to the so - called BRICS,which are in the process of socioeconomic development and transition. Except the commonalities in respect of market transition,economic development and large scale etc. ,BRICS differ from each other in their history and national conditions,especially in party politics. However,there is an obvious trend that the ruling parties in BRICS are all enhancing the work of party building and strengthening party discipline. Their measures for strengthening party discipline provide beneficial references for the relevant practices of the CPC.%巴西、俄罗斯、印度、南非与我国同属处于经济社会发展转型期的“金砖国家”。在市场转型、经济发展、体量巨大等共性外,各“金砖国家”在历史与国情尤其是政党政治方面个性迥异。然而,各“金砖国家”执政党近年来均体现出强化党建、严明党纪的鲜明趋势;其严明党纪的举措,给中国共产党相关实践提供了有益启示。

  19. Cancer Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cancer? Breast Cancer Colon/Rectum Cancer Lung Cancer Prostate Cancer Skin Cancer Show All Cancer Types News and Features Cancer Glossary ACS Bookstore Cancer Information Cancer Basics Cancer Prevention & Detection Signs & Symptoms of Cancer Treatments & Side Effects ...

  20. Conference Report: Neopatrimonialism, Democracy, and Party Research: The German and International Debate – In Remembrance of Gero Erdmann (1952–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Kneuer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This report summarises the presentations held at a symposium that took place on 8 June 2015 in Hamburg to commemorate the life and scholarly achievements of Gero Erdmann. Erdmann has left deep footprints in the literature on neopatrimonialism, parties, and party systems in Africa, as well as on democratisation, including democracy promotion. Colleagues and former collaborators revisited some of his work and put it in the perspective of recent findings in the literature.

  1. From the press to politics and back: When do media set the political agenda and when do parties set the media agenda?

    OpenAIRE

    Brug, van, H; Vliegenthart, R.; de Vries, C.E.; Pas, van der, M.H.G.M.

    2014-01-01

    Are the media a powerful influence on the topics that are discussed in politics? Can political parties determine what issues are being debated in the media? This dissertation studies the mutual influence between the media agenda and the political agenda. The existing work indicates that influence on either agenda is conditional: only under some conditions can parties set the media agenda, and -likewise- under some conditions can journalists set the political agenda. By studying attention for ...

  2. A Week Is a Long Time in Politics: The Health Implications of Jeremy Corbyn's UK Labour Party Leadership Victory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott-Samuel, Alex; Bambra, Clare

    2016-01-01

    For more than 30 years, socialism within the UK Labour Party - which was in government from 1997 to 2010 and is currently the main UK parliamentary opposition - has been in decline. Despite its origins as a party of and for the working class, Labour has become at best a social democratic party with strong neoliberal leanings. However, in the recent leadership election that followed Labour's general election defeat in May 2015, the socialist Jeremy Corbyn confounded all expectations by winning Labour's leadership with a substantial majority. We describe the political context of Corbyn's controversial victory and discuss its potential short- and medium-term impact on England's troubled National Health Service and on the public health.

  3. Party finance reform as constitutional engineering? The effectiveness and unintended consequences of party finance reform in France and Britain

    OpenAIRE

    Clift, B.; Fisher, J.

    2005-01-01

    In both Britain and France, party funding was traditionally characterized by a laissez faire approach and a conspicuous lack of regulation. In France, this was tantamount to a 'legislative vacuum'. In the last two decades, however, both countries have sought to fundamentally reform their political finance regulation regimes. This prompted, in Britain, the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, and in France a bout of 'legislative incontinence' — profoundly transforming the pol...

  4. GENERAL REPRESENTATIVES OF BUNJEVCI- ŠOKCI PARTY AND AGRICULTURAL PARTY IN THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY FROM 1920 TO 1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Саша Марковић

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Shortly after creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, Bunjevci got engaged in the political life. The intention of the most Bunjevac intelligence was to preserve the unity in the political performance, in the same way as it existed in the cultural and artistic creation. However, under the influence of national and political centers of power, primarily from Serbia and Croatia, it was hardly sustainable. Bunjevci first established Bunjevci-Šokci party, which ran the pre-election campaign with its recognizable program of the Autonomous Program of Vojovodina, inaccurate contents and open interpretations, winning few seats in the Constituent Assembly. Supporting the inertia of the parliamentary session, representatives of the party joined the established Yugoslav club in the parliament, lead by the Slovenian People's Party. In this way, they supported the multinational and federal concept of proposals for the constitutional system of the country. On the other hand, a number of Bunjevci supported the establishment of the Agricultural party and participation of its general representative in the Assembly. The party eventually joined the National Radical Party, demanding a preservation of the national Unitarianism and the centralized concept of the government system. Stratification of political attitudes among Bunjevci was visible in the next period of the inter-war political history of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

  5. 论思想建党与制度治党%ON Ideology-based Party BuildiNg aNd INstitutioN-based Party GoverNaNce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石仲泉

    2015-01-01

    实现“两个一百年”目标,实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,必须把我们的党建设好。把党建设好必须遵从两条原则:一是发扬党的优良传统坚持思想建党;二是做到党要管党坚持从严治党、制度治党。纵观党的成长发展,总结党的历史经验,我们得到以下结论:思想建党是中国共产党成为先进政党的伟大创造;思想建党是中国共产党的独特优势和长期执政之魂;思想建党只有进行时,没有完成时;思想建党,必须伴随制度治党。%To realize the goal of“two centuries”and actualize the China Dream of great rejuvenation of the Chi-nese nation,we must do well the work of party building. To build the Party well,two principles must be followed. First,we must carry forward the Party’s good tradition and persist in ideology-based party building. Second,the Party must supervise its conduct and persist in strengthening party discipline and institution-based party gov-ernance. Looking into the Party’s growth and development process and summarizing the historical experiences, we can draw the following conclusions:ideology-based party building is a great creation that has made the CPC an advanced party;it is the unique advantage of the CPC and the soul of its long-term ruling;it is always in process and will never be finished;and it must be accompanied by institution-based party governance.

  6. Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

    2013-01-31

    resources available in the state and local governments, involving third-party inspectors could rapidly expand the capacity for plan reviews and broad implementation. However, the procedures of involving third-parties need to be carefully designed in order to guarantee a fair process. For example, there should be multiple checks and certification requirements for third-party inspectors, and the government should have the final approval when third-party inspectors are used in a project. This paper discusses different approaches of involving third-parties in ECBC enforcement; the Indian states may choose the approaches that work best in their given circumstances.

  7. Hotel Overbooking and Cooperation with Third-Party Websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yufeng Dong

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hotels cooperate with third-party websites to enhance their competitive position and attain sustainable development in the era of e-commerce. Furthermore, hotel managers overbook to hedge against last-minute cancellations and customer no-shows. This paper discusses pricing and overbooking strategies of a hotel in the context of cooperation with multiple third-party websites and analyzes how these strategies influence the cooperation process. The increase in profits resulting from the overbooking strategy is also examined. A model of a Stackelberg game between the hotel and third-party websites and a Nash game among the third-party websites are developed to analyze the process. Results indicate that the compensation coefficient has a slight influence on hotel pricing strategy, but causes a sharp decrease in overbooking level. As the hotel demands to lessen the probability of denying under higher compensation rate, the third-party websites would exert less sales effort to reduce the demand of online customers. Results also show that under a given market demand, hotel effort only serves to redistribute market shares among the hotel and third-party websites, without influencing hotel pricing and overbooking decisions. Specifically, the market shares of the third-party websites decrease in the effort level of the hotel resulting from an increase in the hotel market share. Finally, in the numerical example where one hotel and two websites are analyzed, hotel overbooking strategy improves hotel profit by 4.20%, whereas profit improvements for Websites 1 and 2 are as high as 5.26% and 5.21%, respectively. Managerial implications of the study are also provided.

  8. Standardized evaluation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in breast cancer: results of the ring studies of the international immuno-oncology biomarker working group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denkert, Carsten; Wienert, Stephan; Poterie, Audrey; Loibl, Sibylle; Budczies, Jan; Badve, Sunil; Bago-Horvath, Zsuzsanna; Bane, Anita; Bedri, Shahinaz; Brock, Jane; Chmielik, Ewa; Christgen, Matthias; Colpaert, Cecile; Demaria, Sandra; Van den Eynden, Gert; Floris, Giuseppe; Fox, Stephen B; Gao, Dongxia; Ingold Heppner, Barbara; Kim, S Rim; Kos, Zuzana; Kreipe, Hans H; Lakhani, Sunil R; Penault-Llorca, Frederique; Pruneri, Giancarlo; Radosevic-Robin, Nina; Rimm, David L; Schnitt, Stuart J; Sinn, Bruno V; Sinn, Peter; Sirtaine, Nicolas; O'Toole, Sandra A; Viale, Giuseppe; Van de Vijver, Koen; de Wind, Roland; von Minckwitz, Gunter; Klauschen, Frederick; Untch, Michael; Fasching, Peter A; Reimer, Toralf; Willard-Gallo, Karen; Michiels, Stefan; Loi, Sherene; Salgado, Roberto

    2016-10-01

    Multiple independent studies have shown that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) are prognostic in breast cancer with potential relevance for response to immune-checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Although many groups are currently evaluating TIL, there is no standardized system for diagnostic applications. This study reports the results of two ring studies investigating TIL conducted by the International Working Group on Immuno-oncology Biomarkers. The study aim was to determine the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for evaluation of TIL by different pathologists. A total of 120 slides were evaluated by a large group of pathologists with a web-based system in ring study 1 and a more advanced software-system in ring study 2 that included an integrated feedback with standardized reference images. The predefined aim for successful ring studies 1 and 2 was an ICC above 0.7 (lower limit of 95% confidence interval (CI)). In ring study 1 the prespecified endpoint was not reached (ICC: 0.70; 95% CI: 0.62-0.78). On the basis of an analysis of sources of variation, we developed a more advanced digital image evaluation system for ring study 2, which improved the ICC to 0.89 (95% CI: 0.85-0.92). The Fleiss' kappa value for <60 vs ≥60% TIL improved from 0.45 (ring study 1) to 0.63 in RS2 and the mean concordance improved from 88 to 92%. This large international standardization project shows that reproducible evaluation of TIL is feasible in breast cancer. This opens the way for standardized reporting of tumor immunological parameters in clinical studies and diagnostic practice. The software-guided image evaluation approach used in ring study 2 may be of value as a tool for evaluation of TIL in clinical trials and diagnostic practice. The experience gained from this approach might be applicable to the standardization of other diagnostic parameters in histopathology. PMID:27363491

  9. Continuing professional development for volunteers working in palliative care in a tertiary care cancer institute in India: A cross-sectional observational study of educational needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayita Kedar Deodhar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Training programs for volunteers prior to their working in palliative care are well-established in India. However, few studies report on continuing professional development programs for this group. Aims: To conduct a preliminary assessment of educational needs of volunteers working in palliative care for developing a structured formal continuing professional development program for this group. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional observational study conducted in the Department of Palliative Medicine of a tertiary care cancer institute in India. Materials and Methods: Participant volunteers completed a questionnaire, noting previous training, years of experience, and a comprehensive list of topics for inclusion in this program, rated in order of importance according to them. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics for overall data and Chi-square tests for categorical variables for group comparisons were applied using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 18. Results: Fourteen out of 17 volunteers completed the questionnaire, seven having 5-10-years experience in working in palliative care. A need for continuing professional development program was felt by all participants. Communication skills, more for children and elderly specific issues were given highest priority. Spiritual-existential aspects and self-care were rated lower in importance than psychological, physical, and social aspects in palliative care. More experienced volunteers (>5 years of experience felt the need for self-care as a topic in the program than those with less (<5-years experience ( P < 0.05. Conclusions: Understanding palliative care volunteers′ educational needs is essential for developing a structured formal continuing professional development program and should include self-care as a significant component.

  10. Advocate's Viewpoint on Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolling-Dandrieu Francisca

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper discusses the presentation I held at the symposium on genetics during the 4th European Breast Cancer Conference held in Hamburg in March 2004. Primarily, the goals and working methods of the advocacy group specialised in Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer of the Dutch Breast Cancer Patient Organisation known as BorstkankerVereniging Nederland (BVN are explained. Furthermore, some specific individual problems that mutation carriers might encounter before and after BRCA1/2 susceptibility testing are discussed. These include: dilemmas in choosing preventive interventions, dealing with the psychological impact of knowing you are a mutation carrier, dealing with the social implications of being genetically at risk, an example of insurance discrimination. In addition, some controversial social and ethical issues that are currently under debate are highlighted, such as the issue of the European patenting of the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2. Since this topic could also become relevant for other gene-related diseases, society as a whole has to consider the ethical and social implications related to the patenting of human genes in general. Another ethical area of debate is the controversial issue of prenatal BRCA testing and the choice of pregnancy termination. Finally, the Working Party pleads for the international co-operation and exchange of data and experience among professionals as well as patients. It appears that professionals in different European countries tend to advise on different risk management strategies and treatments and as such, the Working Party strongly advocates the international standardisation of risk management and treatment of mutation carriers. In this respect, specific attention should be given to a group that has had a non-informative or negative BRCA test result, because this group is still considered to be at high risk to develop the disease.

  11. Peer-to-Peer Secure Multi-Party Numerical Computation Facing Malicious Adversaries

    CERN Document Server

    Bickson, Danny; Dolev, Danny; Pinkas, Benny

    2009-01-01

    We propose an efficient framework for enabling secure multi-party numerical computations in a Peer-to-Peer network. This problem arises in a range of applications such as collaborative filtering, distributed computation of trust and reputation, monitoring and other tasks, where the computing nodes is expected to preserve the privacy of their inputs while performing a joint computation of a certain function. Although there is a rich literature in the field of distributed systems security concerning secure multi-party computation, in practice it is hard to deploy those methods in very large scale Peer-to-Peer networks. In this work, we try to bridge the gap between theoretical algorithms in the security domain, and a practical Peer-to-Peer deployment. We consider two security models. The first is the semi-honest model where peers correctly follow the protocol, but try to reveal private information. We provide three possible schemes for secure multi-party numerical computation for this model and identify a singl...

  12. Some Quantum-Like Features of Mass Politics in Two-Party Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Charles E

    2011-01-01

    We expand the substantive terrain of QI's reach by illuminating a body of political theory that to date has been elaborated in strictly classical language and formalisms but has complex features that seem to merit generalizations of the problem outside the confines of classicality. The line of research, initiated by Fiorina in the 1980s, seeks to understand the origins and nature of party governance in two-party political systems wherein voters cast partisan ballots in two contests, one that determines partisan control of the executive branch and another that determines party control of a legislature. We describe how research in this area evolved in the last two decades in directions that bring it now to the point where further elaboration and study seem natural in the more general formalistic and philosophical environments embraced in QI research. In the process, we find evidence that a restriction of a classical model that has animated work in the field appears violated in a form that leads one naturally to...

  13. The gender of party leadership and its impact on voter's asessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Even though most political parties are still male dominated, an increasing number of women reach the top position of party leader. Furthermore, party leadership is increasingly regarded as an important part of party images due to the personalization of politics. Does the gender of the party leade...... leader characteristics appreciated by men and women. If this holds, the gender of party leadership matters to women because they value woman party leaders higher, not because they value other characteristics than men.......Even though most political parties are still male dominated, an increasing number of women reach the top position of party leader. Furthermore, party leadership is increasingly regarded as an important part of party images due to the personalization of politics. Does the gender of the party leader....... However, men are not more sympathetic towards man party leaders than women. Second, the analysis of the content of party leader sympathy seems to show that men and women do not differ in the characteristics correlated with party leader sympathy. Hence, there seems to be no gender difference in the party...

  14. The Power of Populism. Geert Wilders and the Party for Freedom in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossen, K.P.S.S.

    2016-01-01

    This book discusses the Party for Freedom (PVV), a political party in the Netherlands, founded and led by Geert Wilders. Attaining between 10 and 18% of the votes, the PVV has become one of the largest parties in the Netherlands and is the only political party worldwide without members. Between 2010

  15. Between Confessionalism and Liberal Conservatism : The Christian Democratic Parties of Belgium and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lucardie, Anthonie; Ten Napel, Hans_Martien; Hanley, David

    1994-01-01

    According to Horner (1981), the Christian Democratic parties of the Low Countries are still confessional parties (Konjessionsparteien) , whereas their sister parties in Germany and Italy are evolving towards liberal conservative catch-all parties (Volksparteien). In this chapter Horner's thesis will

  16. The Power of Populism. Geert Wilders and the Party for Freedom in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossen, K.P.S.S.

    2017-01-01

    This book discusses the Party for Freedom (PVV), a political party in the Netherlands, founded and led by Geert Wilders. Attaining between 10 and 18% of the votes, the PVV has become one of the largest parties in the Netherlands and is the only political party worldwide without members. Between 2010

  17. Profitability, third-party reimbursement, and access to community pharmacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, N V; Miederhoff, P A; Waters, L W

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the extent to which third-party reimbursement programs have affected the profitability and availability of community pharmacies. Data were taken from records maintained by the Virginia Board of Pharmacy and a survey of 177 community pharmacies. Between 1989 and 1994, 258 outpatient pharmacies opened and 342 closed. Chain and independent pharmacies suffered net losses, and supermarket and mass merchandiser pharmacies experienced net increases. Few significant changes occurred in the distribution of pharmacies over the study period. Fifty-nine chain and independent pharmacies and 1 supermarket pharmacy chain provided usable profit and reimbursement data. These pharmacies experienced declines in profits and increases in the percentage of prescriptions reimbursed by private third-party prescription programs over the last several years. Regression analyses indicated that higher ratios of sales of private third-party prescriptions to private-pay prescriptions were associated with lower profits. All respondents indicated that changes in private third-party reimbursement had substantially reduced profits over the past 5 years. The results indicate that the growth of private third-party payment has led to lower pharmacy profits but has not yet resulted in problems of consumer access.

  18. The energy policy message of the Hamburg SPD party congress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On October 26-28 this year, the Social Democratic (SPD) party congress was held in Hamburg; its new party platform, the so-called ''Hamburg Program,'' constitutes a landmark for the party. The Program's chapter on ''Sustainable Progress and Qualitative Growth'' refers to energy policy in the section about ''Turning Point in Energy Policy; Environmental Protection.'' Emphasis is given to the fact that energy, like air and water, is a basis of life of our civilization, and that the present ways of wasting energy and resources have no future. For this reason, the turnaround in energy policy initiated by the SPD must be advanced in the key issue of switching from non-renewable to renewable energy resources and from polluting to non-polluting resources. The ultimate goal is a solar age. As far as nuclear power is concerned, the Social Democratic Party finds that nuclear fission appeared to many as the big hope for energy available forever, but that these hopes cannot come true. To put it in a nutshell: The SPD is fast embarking on the road into a solar age. The party does see the growing world population and the rising energy requirement as well as the resulting challenges. However, its energy policy concept is too rigidly focused on Germany and the country's pioneering role. At the present time, nuclear power stands no chance in the SPD, although the Hamburg declaration includes a cautious reminder of the fact that, until 1986, the SPD was among the proponents of nuclear power. (orig.)

  19. Research on Strengthening the Education of Party Spirit in Colleges%高校加强党性教育的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李光先

    2012-01-01

    加强党性教育是党在新时期面临新形势的迫切需要,是高等教育改革发展的客观要求,是高校党的自身建设的内在要求。党性教育的主要内容包括党的立场态度教育、党的思想理论教育、党的理想信念教育、党的组织纪律教育、党的优良作风教育。高校加强党性教育要从高校党员的实际情况出发,在内容、形式、方法手段上有所创新,既要有深度又要有力度,着重突出针对性和实效性。%Strengthening the education of party spirit is the essential need for the party to respond to the new situation,the objective requirement for the higher education reform,and the interior need for the party's self-construction in colleges and universities.The main ideas of education of party spirit include at least the education of the attitude and the position of the party,the ideology and theory of the party,the rational belief of the party,the organizational discipline and the fine style of work of the party.Strengthening the education of party spirit should start from the reality of the party members in the colleges and universities,with innovative contents,forms and methods,emphasizing on its pertinency and effectiveness.

  20. 农村基层党组织书记队伍建设新机制论析%A Study of the Construction Mechanism of the Party Secretary Team in the Rural Grassroot Party Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚玲

    2011-01-01

    The rural party organization is the most important forts in the grassroots organizations and is the basis of its work and fighting.To strengthen the construction of the secretary group in rural party organizations is the key to strengthen countryside grassroot party construction.Although the rural party secretary plays an important role in the reform,development and stability in the countryside,things are not optimistic according to the present situation and problems.Therefore,in the basic-level party construction practice,we should innovate the mechanism of the group construction of the rural party secretary,constructing a new supervision mechanism of selection,motivation and management.%农村党组织是党在农村最基层组织中的战斗堡垒,是党的全部工作和战斗力的基础。而加强农村基层党组织书记队伍建设,则是加强农村基层党组织建设的关键所在。虽然农村基层党组织书记在农村的改革、发展、稳定等方面发挥着重要的作用,但就其现状和问题而言,不容乐观。因此,在今后的农村基层党建实践中,应不断创新农村基层党组织书记队伍建设的机制,构建出新的选育机制、新的动力机制和新的管理监督机制。

  1. Party Candidate Selection before and after the Change of Ruling Parties: A Study of the 2005 and 2009 Local Executive Elections in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Fell, Dafydd; Sullivan, Jonathan; Sapir, Eliyahu

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how Taiwan’s parties conducted candidate selection in the 2005 and 2009 local executive elections and the consequences of these processes. It has adopted standard methods for measuring candidate selection and applied them to Taiwanese parties. It shows that, although both major parties employed very similar inclusive nomination methods in 2005, they diverged four years later, with the Democratic Progressive Party using a highly centralized candidate selection mechanism. We...

  2. Ideology, Party Systems and Corruption Voting in European Democracies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charron, Nicholas; Bågenholm, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    What is the impact of corruption on citizens' voting behavior? There is a growing literature on an increasingly ubiquitous puzzle in many democratic countries: that corrupt officials continue to be re-elected by voters. In this study we address this issue with a novel theory and newly collected...... original survey data for 24 European countries. The crux of the argument is that voters' ideology is a salient factor in explaining why citizens would continue voting for their preferred party despite the fact that it has been involved in a corruption scandal. Developing a theory of supply (number...... of effective parties) and demand (voters must have acceptable ideological alternatives to their preferred party), we posit that there is a U-shaped relationship between the likelihood of corruption voting and where voters place themselves on the left/right spectrum. The further to the fringes, the more likely...

  3. The Romanian Social Democratic Party versus the authoritarian monarchy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Grecu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article approaches the Romanian social-democratic collaboration during 1938-1940 with the authoritarian monarch regime. Even though the party leaders had diverging political views, regards to the acceptance or the non-acceptance of the authoritarian regime, the influential PSDR members held leading positions within the single party and the corporate parliament and within the union structures. The positions were offered by the regime, so that the union leaders would stop instigating workers to go on strike, and to accept the governmental policies. The freedom of speech and the political actions were ceded to the monarch, who governed at the place of the political parties and he controlled the unions, by using the guilds.

  4. A contextual analysis of party system formation in Nigeria, 1960-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Aliyu Mukhtar Katsina

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates the parties and party systems in Nigeria since independence. The article argues that the country has witnessed four different types of party systems corresponding to the four democratisation attempts that saw the emergence of constitutional governments since 1960. Special focus is awarded to the transformations of the four party systems and developments in their various institutional designs including regulating the number of parties that participate in the electoral...

  5. 论复式结构的党政双重体制%Party-Government System as a Compound Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马跃

    2012-01-01

    复式结构中,党组织和行政组织相互交叉、融合、重叠和覆盖,是一套人马基础上的两套组织体系。建立复式结构的目的在于实施控制和提高基层战斗力。共产党与其他组织之间的融合是通过派遣党员、建立党的组织和不断发展党员来实现的。通过这种组织结构的建立,使中国共产党发展成为拥有绝对领导地位的强大政党。%In the compound structure, the party organization and government organization interact,integrate, and overlap. It is a two-set system with one group of working members. The purpose for such compound structure is to improve the working efficiency. The integration of the Communist Party and other organizations could be realized through staff distribution, developing the Party organization, and recruiting new members. With such system and organization, the CPC will be the first-chair powerful party.

  6. Reflections on the Strengthening of Constructing Innova-tive Grass-roots Party Organizations of College Organs%新时期加强建设创新型高校机关基层党组织的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡军

    2013-01-01

    高校机关基层党组织作为高校党组织工作的基层组织单位,具有凝聚党员力量,协调、指导、监督党员工作的重要作用,在实际的工作中,以机关基层党组织为切入点,增进党组织的创新性建设,有利于机关基层党组织人员工作创新水平和机关工作效率的提高。%As the grass-roots organizational units of college party organization work, the grass-roots party organizations of college organs play an important role in uniting the force of party mem-bers, coordinating, guiding and supervising the work of party members. In practical work, to promote the innovative construc-tion of party organizations with grass-roots party organizations as the breakthrough point, is conducive to the innovation of grass-roots party organization work and the improvement of the working efficiency of organs.

  7. Exercise in patients coping with breast cancer: An overview

    OpenAIRE

    Eyigor, Sibel; Kanyilmaz, Selcen

    2014-01-01

    Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women, but fortunately has high survival rates. Many studies have been performed to investigate the effects of exercise in patients diagnosed with breast cancer. There is evidence that exercise after the diagnosis of breast cancer improves mortality, morbidity, health related quality of life, fatigue, physical functioning, muscle strength, and emotional wellbeing. Based on scientific data, breast cancer patients should be recommended to parti...

  8. 试论高校党建工作的现状与创新%On the Present Situation and Innovation of the Party Construction in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锐

    2011-01-01

    为实现党的纲领和任务.党各级组织都在以自己的不同的方式进行开展各项党建工作活动。高校是开展党建工作的重要工作阵地。党建工作在确保党沿着正确发展方面、传播党的优良作风和确保党的保持先进性等方面都起着极其重要的作用。但是,随着社会发展和时代变革,当前高校党建工作与新时期要求存在着诸多不适应的地方。故此,高校依托自己的党建资源,在转变观念.提高对高校党建工作重要性认识;确定保障,加大高校党建工作投入;不断创新,提高高校党建工作质量:讲究实效,开拓高校党建工作服务领域等方面不断创新党建工作。%Party organizations at all levels are carrying out the Party construction work in their own different ways in order to achieve the program and task in our party. Colleges and universities are an important workplace for Party construction, which also plays a critical role to guarantee our party to advance in the right direction, to widespread the Party's fine style of work and to maintain the advanced nature of the Party. With the Development of the society and the change of time, the present situation of the Party con- struction in colleges and universities don't meet the requirements of the new period. So colleges and universities, based on their Party construction resources, must emancipate the mind to enhance the understanding of the significance of the Party construction work, ensure the support with increasing their input in Party construction work, innovate to boosting the quality of the Party construction work and stress practical resuits with expanding the scope of the Party construction work and innovating Party construction work constantly.

  9. Third-party biller compliance guidance emphasizes risk awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saner, R J

    1999-03-01

    The voluntary compliance guidance for third-party billing companies released by the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) in December 1998, like the OIG's previously released guidance directed at hospitals, home health agencies, and clinical laboratories, identifies seven minimum elements for an effective corporate compliance program: written compliance policies, designation of a compliance officer, ongoing training, open lines of communication, guidelines to ensure the enforcement of compliance standards, internal monitoring and auditing of compliance activity, and procedures to respond to and correct errors. Three areas of concern for third-party billing companies are emphasized in the new guidance document: compliance risk, claims documentation, and disclosure of suspected misconduct or fraud.

  10. Third party liability cover for nuclear damage and related problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyses the financial security and cover for third party liability for nuclear damage as provided for by Act No. 1860 of 31 December 1962 on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The relevant Sections of the Act are quoted and explained, as are the nuclear operator's obligation to furnish financial security for his liability. Different possible types of security and cover are described, also with reference to other national legislation. Finally, the author mentions the Paris Convention which provides the basis for Italian nuclear third party liability legislation. (NEA)

  11. The tri-party repo market before the 2010 reforms

    OpenAIRE

    Copeland, Adam; Martin, Antoine; Walker, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides a descriptive and quantitative account of the tri-party repo market before the reforms proposed in 2010 by the Task Force on Tri-Party Repo Infrastructure (Task Force 2010). We provide an extensive description of the mechanics of this market. We also use data from July 2008 to early 2010 to document quantitative features of the market. We find that both the level of haircuts and the amount of funding were surprisingly stable in this market. The stability of the margins is ...

  12. Is supporting populist political parties a mental disorder?

    OpenAIRE

    McGowan, J.

    2015-01-01

    It’s just over a month until the UK general election and many Brits seem to have lost trust in their traditional politicos. Whether it’s the UK Independence Party (UKIP) scapegoating the European Union and immigrants, a rise in nationalism (the Scottish National party), or Russell Brand’s teenage anarchism, faith in facile, and sometimes ugly, solutions is on the march. It’s a huge relief, therefore, to hear that the editors of the DSM (the main reference book for psychiatric classification...

  13. Secure Two-Party Computation with Low Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Kölker, Jonas; Faust, Sebastian;

    2012-01-01

    We propose a 2-party UC-secure protocol that can compute any function securely. The protocol requires only two messages, communication that is poly-logarithmic in the size of the circuit description of the function, and the workload for one of the parties is also only poly-logarithmic in the size...... of the circuit. This implies, for instance, delegatable computation that requires no expensive off-line phase and remains secure even if the server learns whether the client accepts its results. To achieve this, we define two new notions of extractable hash functions, propose an instantiation based...

  14. Actively Secure Two-Party Evaluation of Any Quantum Operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupuis, Frédéric; Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Salvail, Louis

    2012-01-01

    We provide the first two-party protocol allowing Alice and Bob to evaluate privately even against active adversaries any completely positive, trace-preserving map , given as a quantum circuit, upon their joint quantum input state . Our protocol leaks no more to any active adversary than an ideal ...... functionality for provided Alice and Bob have the cryptographic resources for active secure two-party classical computation. Our protocol is constructed from the protocol for the same task secure against specious adversaries presented in [4]....

  15. Political Parties and Social Policy Responses to Global Economic Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starke, Peter; Kaasch, Alexandra; van Hooren, Franca

    2014-01-01

    responses, albeit in ways that go beyond traditional partisan theory.We show that the partisan conflict and the impact of parties are conditioned by existing welfare state configurations. In less generous welfare states, the party composition of governments plays a decisive role in shaping the direction...... of social policy change. By contrast, in more generous welfare states, i.e., those with highly developed automatic stabilisers, the overall direction of policy change is regularly not subject to debate. Political conflict in these welfare states rather concerns the extent to which expansion or retrenchment...

  16. An improved model of alliances between political parties

    CERN Document Server

    Bagarello, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    We consider an operatorial model of alliances between three political parties which interact with their electors, with the undecided voters, and with the electors of the other parties. This extends what was done in a previous paper, where this last type of interactions was not considered. Of course, taking them into account makes the system closer to real life. To produce an exactly solvable model, we restrict here to quadratic Hamiltonians, so that the equations of motion turn out to be linear. The dynamics of the so-called {\\em decision functions} are deduced, and some explicit situations are considered in details.

  17. The Party-Mass Work in the Internet Age:An Analysis Based on the Change of Information Power Relationships%互联网时代的党群工作--基于信息权力关系变化的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛小荣

    2016-01-01

    互联网时代不仅在物质经济发展上表现出以“互联网+”为主要特征的经济发展新趋向,更是在社会精神生活上日益表现出以开放、平等、自由为主要内涵的互联网式的思维取向、行动准则和社会认同。这一系列深刻变化对传统的党群关系以及党的群众工作能力提出了新挑战、新要求。因此,基于互联网时代信息权力体系的重建以及党群关系的结构性变化,提高党的群众工作能力必须以群众需求为目标牵引,树立积极服务的政治意识,充分运用开放、平等、直接、泛在的互联网思维开展群众工作。%The Internet age is characterized not only by the “Internet Plus”new trend of economic devel-opment,but also by the Internet thinking mode,behavioral norms and social identification of openness, equality and liberty in respect of social spiritual life.This series of in—depth changes brings new chal-lenges and requirements to the traditional Party—mass relationships and the Party’s abilities in the mass work.Therefore,to improve the Party’s abilities in the mass work based on the reconstruction of information power system and the structural change of the Party—mass relationship in the Internet age,we must aim at the demands of the mass,establish the political consciousness of active service,and carry out the mass work by sufficiently applying the Internet thinking of openness,equality,directness, and extensiveness.

  18. 29 CFR 99.515 - Audit working papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Audit working papers. 99.515 Section 99.515 Labor Office of....515 Audit working papers. (a) Retention of working papers. The auditor shall retain working papers and... the parties contesting the audit finding for guidance prior to destruction of the working papers...

  19. 7 CFR 3052.515 - Audit working papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Audit working papers. 3052.515 Section 3052.515....515 Audit working papers. (a) Retention of working papers. The auditor shall retain working papers and... the parties contesting the audit finding for guidance prior to destruction of the working papers...

  20. The Reach of the Arbitration Agreement to Parties involved in the Same Legal Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Vollbrecht Sperandio

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Complex legal relationships may involve a net of companies, linked to each other by several autonomous contracts, performing works and services towards a single project. If disputes arise, resolving each of them independently may result in incompatible decisions, situation which could hinder the project outcome. Therefore, it might be recommended to resolve these disputes into multi-party proceedings or multiple proceedings before the same arbitral tribunal. In order to achieve the purpose, the proper legal instruments shall be identified and, based on these; a contractual framework has to be tailored.

  1. How to succesfully produce an event : Case study: Sunset Beach Party 2009 -festival

    OpenAIRE

    Tallgren, Jukka-Pekka

    2011-01-01

    This thesis studies the production and management of a two day music festival Sunset Beach Party, which was organized for the 20th time in the city of Karkkila on the 17th and 18th of July 2009. The theoretical part of the thesis consists of literature on project and event management and marketing. Jukka Tallgren is the main organizer of the event and the managing director of Ilmiö-tuotanto Ltd. The work conducted by him and the core team members prior, during and after the event is documente...

  2. Free Parties and Teknivals: Gift-Exchange and Participation on the Margins of the Market and the State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Petiau

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Translator’s introduction: Anne Petiau’s essay provides an analysis of the many dimensions of participation [to participate, but also to contribute materially] in France’s “free parties” and “teknivals”. Working both historically and ethnographically, she develops this analysis using the theoretical framework of reciprocal gift-exchange, first conceptualized in The Gift [Le Don] by Marcel Mauss (1997 [1950] but also further developed by noted French anthropologists Alain Caillé (2000 and Jacques T. Godbout (2000. Petiau notes that free parties are understood by organizers and attendees to be “free” in both senses of the term—freedom [liberté] as well as “for free” [gratuité]—while nonetheless relying on various forms of financial and in-kind donations from attendees. Notably, the free party itself is characterized by organizers as a gift offered freely to participants. And yet, as studies of gift-exchange suggest, gifts come with “strings attached”, with obligations and expectations of reciprocity. And so, Petiau argues that participants’ donations may not be as optional and freely given as they seem, illustrating how the actors involved in free parties articulate these expectations while reconciling them with the open-access ethos of these events. In addition to this insightful analysis, the essay provides a useful introduction both to the French free party/teknival scene as well as to the anthropology of gift-exchange. Anne Petiau’s article first appeared in French in 2012 as “Free-parties et teknivals. Dans les marges du marché et de l’Etat, système de don et participation”, in Festivals, raves parties, free parties. Histoire des rencontres musicales en France et à l’étranger, N. Bénard (ed., 587–610. Paris: Camion Blanc.Translated by Luis-Manuel Garcia AbstractThrough raves and then subsequently through “free parties” and “teknivals”, French fans of electronic music have developed

  3. Idiosyncratic deals: coworkers as interested third parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Lei; Rousseau, Denise M; Chang, Klarissa Ting Ting

    2009-03-01

    Idiosyncratic deals (i-deals for short) are personalized employment arrangements negotiated between individual workers and employers and intended to benefit them both (D. M. Rousseau, 2005). Coworkers' acceptance of another's i-deal can ultimately impact its overall effectiveness for the organization. By using a network approach to the study of work group dynamics, this research addresses the contributions coworker relationships with both the i-dealer and their employer make to coworker's willingness to accept a peer's i-deal. In a study of 65 employees in 20 research and development groups, coworker acceptance of i-deals is greater for group members who are their close personal friends than for members who are not. The coworkers' social exchange relationship with their employers is positively related to acceptance, while economic exchange is negatively related. Coworkers' belief in the likelihood of obtaining comparable future opportunity is positively related to their acceptance of another's i-deal. Results suggest that the relationship of both economic and social exchange with acceptance is likely to be mediated by beliefs regarding comparable future opportunity. Implications for both research and practice are discussed. PMID:19271808

  4. An Empirical Investigation into the Matching Problems among Game Theoretically Coordinating Parties in a Virtual Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Tanweer Abdullah

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Virtual organization emerged as a highly flexible structure in response to the rapidly changing environment of 20th century. This organization consists of independently working parties that combine their best possible resources to exploit the emerging market opportunities. There are no formal control and coordination mechanisms employed by the classical hierarchical structures. Parties, therefore, manage their dependencies on each other through mutual understanding and trust.

    Mathematician John Nash, having significant contributions in Game Theory suggests that in every non-cooperative game there is at least one equilibrium point. At this point, according to him, every strategy of the player represents a response to the others’ strategies. Such equilibria could exist in a virtual organization, at which parties coordinate which each other to optimize their performance.

    Coordination/Matching problems are likely to arise among game theoretically coordinating parties in a virtual organization, mainly due to lack of binding agreements. By identifying and resolving these matching problems, virtual organizations could achieve efficiency and better coordination among parties.  

  5. 29 CFR 2700.4 - Parties, intervenors, and amici curiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., is a party. In a proceeding instituted by the Secretary under section 105(c)(2) of the Act, 30 U.S.C... miner who has filed a complaint with the Commission under section 105(c)(3) or 111 of the Act, 30 U.S.C... intervention will not unduly delay or prejudice the adjudication of the issues. (ii) Such intervention is not...

  6. Analysis of the election programmes of Dutch political parties 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The long-term environmental impacts of election programmes of political parties in the Netherlands were assessed, focusing on economic development, demographic developments, new-construction projects, spatial planning, energy consumption and conservation, energy and climate policy, 'greening' of taxes, sustainable development

  7. Contextualizing Intergroup Contact: Do Political Party Cues Enhance Contact Effects?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønderskov, Kim Mannemar; Thomsen, Jens Peter Frølund

    2015-01-01

    This article examines intergroup contact effects in different political contexts. We expand on previous efforts of social psychologists by incorporating the messages of political parties as a contextual trigger of group membership awareness in contact situations. We argue that the focus among pol...

  8. Organizational mediators siding with or against the powerful party?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.K.W. de Dreu; P. Laskewitz; E. van de Vliert

    1994-01-01

    Examined whether, instead of being impartial, a mediator may side with one party as a function of the disputants' power differences (power balancing theory), the mediator's legitimacy judgments (siding theory), or the disputants' capacity to sanction the mediator (siding theory). A questionnaire stu

  9. 12 CFR 308.512 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parties to the hearing. 308.512 Section 308.512 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF... Act (31 U.S.C. 3730(c)(5)), a private plaintiff under the False Claims Act may participate in...

  10. Party financing and referendum campaigns in EU member states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van Klingeren; M. Orozco; J. van Spanje; C. de Vreese

    2015-01-01

    This study has been prepared by the Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR), part of the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam (UvA). It comprises 1) an up-to-date inventory of party finance rules within the EU Member States, 2) an overview of the regulations

  11. After the Arab Spring : Are Secular Parties the Answer?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boduszynski, Mieczyslaw; Fabbe, Kristin; Lamont, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    After the “Arab Spring” and the initial democratic reforms in Turkey under the Justice and Development Party (AKP), why has democratic progress remained so elusive in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)? In recent years, that question has preoccupied numerous scholars, commentators, and policy m

  12. Educational Digital Technologies in Developing Countries Challenge Third Party Providers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passey, Don; Laferrière, Thérèse; Ahmad, Manal Yazbak-Abu; Bhowmik, Miron; Gross, Diana; Price, Janet; Resta, Paul; Shonfeld, Miri

    2016-01-01

    In this conceptual paper, we consider issues and challenges of third party and governmental organisations in planning and implementing access to and uses of digital technologies for learning and teaching in developing countries. We consider failures and weaknesses in the planning and implementation processes highlighted by research in developed…

  13. Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xu, L.

    2004-01-01

    "Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business" investigates the issues involved in the performance of econtract monitoring of business automations in business to business e-commerce environment. A pro-active monitoring contract model and monitoring mechanism have been designed and developed. A ne

  14. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party in Ukraine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Ukraine-China Society (UCS), CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and his party paid a visit to Kiev and Yalta from June 5 to 9. Leonid Kravchuk, honorary president of the UCS and first Ukrainian

  15. Syria: The Evolution of Party and State, 1975-1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Robert W.

    1983-01-01

    In two decades of Ba'thist rule, Syria has evolved into a centralized, one-party, secular, authoritarian nation-state, which may be destabilized in the 1980s as a result of the conflict in Lebanon and internal Islamic opposition. (RM)

  16. The party political make-up of EU legislative bodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Warntjen, Andreas; Hix, Simon; Crombez, Christophe

    2008-01-01

    This research note provides an overview of the party political make-up of EU legislative bodies for the period 1979-2004 (Commission: 1979-2007) in terms of the left-right and pro-/anti-Europe dimensions. The various methods of measuring political positions are discussed and compared. Measures for t

  17. PARTI primitives for unstructured and block structured problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sussman, Alan; Saltz, Joel; Das, Raja; Gupta, S.; Mavriplis, Dimitri; Ponnusamy, Ravi; Crowley, Kay

    1992-01-01

    Described here is a set of primitives (PARTI) developed to efficiently execute unstructured and block structured problems on distributed memory parallel machines. We present experimental data from a 3-D unstructured Euler solver run on the Intel Touchstone Delta to demonstrate the usefulness of our methods.

  18. Measurement study of multi-party video conferencing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Kuipers, F.A.; Van Mieghem, P.

    2010-01-01

    More and more free multi-party video conferencing applications are readily available over the Internet and both Server-to-Client (S/C) or Peer-to-Peer (P2P) technologies are used. Investigating their mechanisms, analyzing their system performance, and measuring their quality are important objectives

  19. Understanding resarchers' openness to external parties influencing academic research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olmos Peñuela, Julia; Benneworth, Paul; Castro-Martínez, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Ambiguity surrounding the effect of external engagement on academic research has raised questions about what motivates researchers to collaborate with third parties. This paper contributes to this debate by progressing beyond the idea that researchers engage with society simply because of direct ben

  20. 42 CFR 411.387 - Parties affected by advisory opinions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 411.387 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM EXCLUSIONS FROM MEDICARE AND LIMITATIONS ON MEDICARE PAYMENT Financial Relationships Between Physicians and Entities Furnishing Designated Health Services § 411.387 Parties...