WorldWideScience

Sample records for canada banques alimentaires

  1. Déserts alimentaires à Winnipeg (Canada : une nouvelle méthodologie de mesure d'un concept complexe et controversé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joyce Slater

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Les « déserts alimentaires » ont vu le jour dans les 20 dernières années et forment des secteurs préoccupants pour les collectivités, les autorités en santé publique et les chercheurs en raison de leur effet négatif possible sur la qualité de l’alimentation et en raison de leurs conséquences sur la santé. Ce sont des espaces résidentiels, habituellement en milieu urbain, où les résidents à faible revenu n’ont que peu ou pas accès à des établissements de vente au détail d'aliments qui offrent suffisamment de variété à un prix abordable. La recherche sur les déserts alimentaires présente des défis méthodologiques, notamment la façon de repérer et de classer les magasins d’alimentation au détail, la définition de la population à faible revenu ainsi que les paramètres concernant le transport et la proximité. De plus, les méthodes complexes qui sont souvent employées dans la recherche sur les déserts alimentaires peuvent être difficiles à reproduire et à communiquer aux principaux intervenants. Pour surmonter ces difficultés, nous avons voulu montrer qu’on pouvait concevoir une méthode simple et reproductible pour repérer les déserts alimentaires, à l’aide de données facilement accessibles en contexte canadien. Méthodologie : Cette étude a été menée à Winnipeg (Canada en 2014. Les établissements de vente au détail des aliments ont été trouvés à l’aide des Pages Jaunes et vérifiés par des diététistes en santé publique. Nous avons créé deux scénarios sur les déserts alimentaires en fonction de l’emplacement de la population à quintile de revenu le plus faible : a celle qui habitait à 500 m ou plus d’une épicerie appartenant à une chaîne nationale et b celle qui habitait à 500 m ou plus d’une épicerie appartenant à une chaîne nationale ou d’une épicerie à service complet. Résultats : En fonction du scénario utilisé, 64 574 ou 104 335 r

  2. La sécurité alimentaire dans la région MENA, l'impérative relance ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 juin 2013 ... Les pays de la région MENA connaissent un déficit alimentaire structurel qui tend à s'accentuer. La dépendance des pays de la région des importations alimentaires devrait passer de 56 % en 2000 à 63 % à l'horizon 2030 (Banque mondiale), à cause de l'accroissement déséquilibré de l'offre et la ...

  3. Élaboration, fiabilité et utilisation d’un outil de mesure de l’environnement alimentaire dans les supermarchés de quatre quartiers de Montréal (Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élise Jalbert-Arsenault

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : L’environnement alimentaire constitue un domaine propice si l'on veut influencer les habitudes alimentaires de la population. Cette étude visait à élaborer un outil de mesure de l’environnement alimentaire dans les commerces et à caractériser l’environnement alimentaire dans un secteur de Montréal (Canada possédant un niveau de revenu de faible à moyen. Méthodologie : Nous avons développé un outil, la Mesure de l’environnement alimentaire du consommateur dans les supermarchés (MEAC-S et nous l’avons mis à l’essai pour en confirmer la fiabilité. Nous avons utilisé la MEAC-S pour évaluer l’environnement alimentaire de consommation de 17 supermarchés dans quatre quartiers de Montréal. Nous avons mesuré la longueur d’étalage, la diversité, le prix, le nombre de présentoirs et la position en magasin des fruits et légumes (FL et des produits alimentaires ultra-transformés (PAUT. Nous avons également évalué la qualité des FL frais. La taille du magasin a été estimée en utilisant la longueur totale d’étalage mesurée pour toutes les catégories d’aliments. Nous avons effectué des corrélations de Spearman entre ces indicateurs de l’environnement alimentaire. Résultats : Les analyses de fiabilité ont donné des résultats satisfaisants pour la plupart des indicateurs. La caractérisation de l’environnement alimentaire a révélé une grande variabilité de la longueur d’étalage, de la diversité et du prix des FL entre les supermarchés ainsi qu’une mise en valeur disproportionnée des PAUT. Le nombre de présentoirs de PAUT hors de leur emplacement principal de vente variait de 7 à 26 et ces produits occupaient de 8 à 33 positions stratégiques en magasin, alors que le nombre de présentoirs hors de l’emplacement principal de vente de FL frais était supérieur à 1 dans seulement 2 des 17 magasins évalués et qu’ils occupaient un maximum de 2 emplacements strat

  4. La sécurité alimentaire, une cause commune

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    De concert avec les chercheurs et les petits exploitants agricoles des pays en développement, le Canada travaille à réduire la pauvreté en procurant un meilleur accès à une nourriture suffisante, saine et nutritive. Doté d'un financement de 124 millions CAD, le Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire ...

  5. Jeu de Banque et Banque de Jeux: Proficiency-Oriented Strategies for Teaching the French Banking System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recker, Jo Ann M.

    Instructions and ideas for classroom use of "Jeu de Banque" (The Bank Game), an instructional game about the French banking system developed by the French Association of Banks, are presented. The structure and content of the game are discussed in terms of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages/Educational Testing…

  6. Relation entre l'obésité et la sécurité alimentaire des ménages, les caractéristiques des ménages et le milieu scolaire chez les enfants métis et des Premières Nations vivant hors réserve au Canada : résultats de l'Enquête auprès des peuples autochtones de 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmin Bhawra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Les enfants autochtones sont deux fois plus susceptibles d'être classés comme obèses et trois fois plus susceptibles de vivre dans l'insécurité alimentaire que les autres enfants canadiens. Le but de cette étude est d'explorer la relation entre l'insécurité alimentaire et le poids chez les enfants et les jeunes métis et des Premières Nations vivant hors réserve à l'échelle du Canada. Méthodologie : Nous avons obtenu des données sur les enfants et les jeunes de 6 à 17 ans (n = 6 900 tirées de l'Enquête auprès des peuples autochtones de 2012. Nous avons testé les relations bivariées à l'aide des tests du chi carré de Pearson et utilisé des régressions logistiques binaires imbriquées pour examiner la relation entre l'insécurité alimentaire et le poids, en tenant compte de la dimension spatiale, des caractéristiques des ménages ainsi que de l'environnement scolaire et de facteurs culturels. Résultats : Environ 22 % des enfants et des jeunes métis et des Premières Nations souffraient d'embonpoint et 15 % étaient classés comme obèses. Plus de 80 % des répondants ont signalé ne pas souffrir d'insécurité alimentaire, 9 % ont fait état d'une sécurité alimentaire faible et 7 % d'insécurité alimentaire grave. Les enfants et les jeunes autochtones vivant hors réserve dans des ménages à très faible sécurité alimentaire présentaient un risque accru d'embonpoint ou d'obésité, quoique ce risque accru ne se soit pas révélé indépendant du statut socioéconomique du ménage et qu'il se soit trouvé réduit en tenant compte du revenu du ménage après ajustement en fonction de la taille de ce dernier. Un environnement scolaire négatif s'est révélé également être un prédicteur important du risque d'obésité, indépendamment des facteurs démographiques, spatiaux et liés aux ménages. Conclusion : L'insécurité alimentaire et l'obésité étaient répandues parmi les groupes

  7. Chapitre 3. Construire une grande banque commerciale (1890-1914)

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Durant son deuxième quart de siècle, la Société générale change de dimension : comme le Crédit lyonnais, le leader français, elle participe à la création du « modèle économique » de la grande banque commerciale à guichets. Son portefeuille de métiers et de talents se diversifie plus encore et, surtout, s’étend à de nouveaux territoires, tant en France qu’à l’étranger ou outre-mer. 1. Une inflexion stratégique : la banque d’escompte Le nouveau directeur, Louis Dorizon, effectue avec son Consei...

  8. Changements dans les habitudes alimentaires des populations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    adoption de régimes alimentaires évolués qui excluent les ressources végétales locales. Une étude ethnobotanique a été menée sur les plantes alimentaires menacées de disparition au Togo en vue de cerner l'impact des changements ...

  9. On the Three-Person Game Baccara Banque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stewart N. Ethier

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Baccara banque is a three-person zero-sum game parameterized by \\(\\theta\\in(0,1\\. A study of the game by Downton and Lockwood claimed that the Nash equilibrium is of only academic interest. Their preferred alternative is what we call the independent cooperative equilibrium. However, this solution exists only for certain \\(\\theta\\. A third solution, which we call the correlated cooperative equilibrium, always exists. Under a ''with replacement'' assumption as well as a simplifying assumption concerning the information available to one of the players, we derive each of the three solutions for all \\(\\theta\\.

  10. ECOLOGIE ALIMENTAIRE DE Brycinus macrolepidotus (PISCES ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    (Bianouan), les principaux aliments ont été des fourmis. Les habitudes alimentaires n'ont pas significativement changé ..... les fourmis ont été les aliments les plus consommés. Des régimes alimentaires similaires de ce .... stratégies d'adaptation trophique de cette espèce aux modifications du milieu liées à la construction ...

  11. Des solutions novatrices pour accroître la sécurité alimentaire de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Corey Piccioni

    cuisine domestique et les entreprises commerciales et lorsqu'on aura mobilisé les acteurs du secteur. Principaux partenaires de recherche : l'Université de la Saskatchewan (Canada) et l'Université d'Awassa (Éthiopie). Des solutions novatrices pour accroître la sécurité alimentaire de vastes populations dans les pays en ...

  12. Sécurité alimentaire : une lutte sur plusieurs fronts | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sécurité alimentaire : une lutte sur plusieurs fronts. 01 février 2011. Image. Division des communications, CRDI. En 1996, 180 pays – dont le Canada – ont participé à Rome au Sommet mondial de l'alimentation (SMA) afin de discuter de façons d'éradiquer la faim. Afin d'atteindre ce but, les pays se sont engagés envers un ...

  13. Banque Interaméricaine de Développement rapport annuel 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Banque Interaméricaine de Développement (BID)

    2007-01-01

    Ce rapport annuel contient un bref aperçu de la situation économique de l'Amérique Latine et des Caraïbes, ainsi qu'un examen des activités de la Banque en 2006. Il contient aussi une description des opérations de la Banque -prêts, garanties et dons-; ainsi qu'un examen et une analyse de la Direction: Capital ordinaire; états financiers de la Banque et leurs annexes. La Banque a lancé un certain nombre de nouveaux programmes importants, dont le principal a été l'Initiative Opportunités pour l...

  14. Promouvoir des systèmes alimentaires sains

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    fdieudonne

    Le réglement du marketing et l'étiquetage des produits alimentaires. Des politiques pour un environnement alimentaire plus sain. Les politiques et la réglementation touchant les produits alimentaires influent sur l'abordabilité, la disponibilité, l'accessibilité, la diversité des produits sains et les choix des consommateurs en ...

  15. CANADA

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Hakan Mustafa

    . AAAA. Numéro du fournisseur. Protégé B*. (une fois rempli). RENSEIGNEMENTS GÉNÉRAUX, FISCAUX ET BANCAIRES DU FOURNISSEUR – CANADA. Section 1 : RENSEIGNEMENTS GÉNÉRAUX. Nom du particulier (nom, prénom) ou ...

  16. La gestion de la relation client dans la banque: Cas du marché marocain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EL KORAICHI Mustapha

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Face aux évolutions du secteur bancaire (concurrence accrue, crise de confiance l’adoption d’un système de gestion de la relation client représente un enjeu important pour les banques. Il contribue à l’optimisation de la gestion du portefeuille client, plus précisément ce système permet d’acquérir de nouveaux clients et d’augmenter la rentabilité des clients existants. Cet article a pour objectif de répondre à la problématique suivante: le système de gestion de la relation client permet-il aux banques d’atteindre les objectifs attendus? L’étude que nous avons réalisée auprès de 47 banques commerciales marocaines montre que malgré le potentiel anticipé, les bénéfices escomptés d’un tel système restent limités. En effet, l’utilisation de ce système reste à son état embryonnaire, il se centre principalement sur la collecte des informations clients au niveau des agences tandis que l’analyse et l’exploitation de ces informations se fait au niveau du siège de la banque. De même, les opérations basiques de la banque occupent une grande part du temps de travail des agents de la banque au dépend des services bancaires à valeur ajoutée. D’un autre côté, une grande part des banques adoptant ce système ne mesurent pas le coût de la relation avec leurs clients.

  17. Ecologie alimentaire de Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger, 1900 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ecologie alimentaire de Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger, 1900) du Bassin de la rivière Luhoho, en territoire de Kalehe (Sud-Kivu, R.D. Congo). Gabriel Mukabo Okito, Dieu-Donné Cikwanine Kasigwa, Jean-Claude Micha, Vénant Nshombo Muderhwa, Osée Rwakana Ribakare, Phanuel Bizuru Nzibonera, B. Georges ...

  18. Information financière sur le risque de liquidité des banques

    OpenAIRE

    Hossfeld, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Cet article essaie de répondre aux questions suivantes concernant l'information financière sur le risque de liquidité publiée par les banques : • les informations requises par IFRS 7 sont-elles utiles pour les lecteurs des états financiers pour apprécier le risque de liquidité d'une banque ? • les obligations d'IFRS 7 sont-elles cohérentes avec celles du Comité de Bâle au niveau international ?

  19. Un avenir où règne la sécurité alimentaire | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 oct. 2016 ... Le CRDI appuie l'engagement du Canada à aider des millions de personnes dans les pays en développement à briser le cercle de la faim et de la pauvreté. Par l'entremise de son programme Agriculture et sécurité alimentaire, le CRDI a investi plus de 179 millions de dollars canadiens de 2009 à 2015, ...

  20. Analyse de l’impact du conseil d’administration sur la performance des banques conventionnelles Malaisiennes

    OpenAIRE

    Mkadmi, Jamel eddine; Halioui, Khamoussi

    2013-01-01

    Cette étude se propose d’analyser empiriquement les effets du conseil d’administration en tant que mécanisme interne de gouvernance sur la performance des banques par une modélisation économétrique en données de panel construit à partir de 17 banques commerciales Malaisiennes observées sur 12 ans de 2000 à 2011. Les résultats indiquent que la taille du conseil d’administration affecte négativement la performance des banques exprimée par le ROA. Par contre, l’indépendance des administrateur...

  1. Sécurité alimentaire et changements climatiques au Cambodge ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sécurité alimentaire et changements climatiques au Cambodge. Le Cambodge est l'un des pays les plus pauvres d'Asie. Quelque 70 % de la population gagne sa vie grâce à l'agriculture. L'insécurité alimentaire, dont souffre un nombre grandissant de personnes, touche particulièrement les populations rurales.

  2. Analyse de l’impact du conseil d’administration sur la performance des banques conventionnelles Malaisiennes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamel eddine Mkadmi

    2013-11-01

    Les résultats indiquent que la taille du conseil d’administration affecte négativement la performance des banques exprimée par le ROA. Par contre, l’indépendance des administrateurs et la dualité des rôles de directeur général et de président du conseil n’ont pas d’impact sur la performance des banques conventionnelles Malaisiennes.

  3. Théorie, Histoire et Avenir du Système de Banque Libre

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrickx, Florent

    2017-01-01

    Depuis la fin des années 70, le système de banque libre a connu un regain d’intérêt parmi les économistes, notamment grâce à l’autrichien F. A. Hayek. Il existe deux modèles théoriques de banque libre : le papier-monnaie concurrentiel – non-convertible – et le papier-monnaie convertible. Historiquement, le premier modèle n’a jamais été mis en place, mais on peut en trouver les racines dans les crypto-monnaies, telles que le Bitcoin. Le second modèle, par contre, a connu de nombreuses expérien...

  4. Les ambiguïtés de la nouvelle doctrine spatiale de la Banque mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Giraut

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Le rapport annuel de la Banque mondiale sur le développement dans le monde est un document toujours important et attendu. Il fait le point à l’échelle mondiale sur une question essentielle du développement et il permet de fonder les évolutions doctrinaires de la Banque mondiale en annonçant d’éventuelles inflexions ou changements de priorités et d’approches. Il en fut ainsi pour la priorité donnée à la lutte contre la pauvreté en 2000 après les années d’ajustements structurels. Réhabiliter la...

  5. EVALUATION DE LA FAILLE ALIMENTAIRE EN ALGERIE PAR UN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    d'évaluer les effets des politiques agricoles sur la sécurité alimentaire. Enfin les résultats auxquels nous avons abouti nous autorisent à conc- lure qu'il est inapproprié de quantifier la faille en termes de « valeur » parce que d'une part les variations des taux de change et des prix des denrées alimentaires conduisent à des ...

  6. Contribution à l’identification des déterminants fondamentaux en évaluation des banques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badr Habba

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ce papier étudie l’influence des facteurs fondamentaux sur l’évaluation des banques. Dans un premier temps, nous avons sélectionné, sur la base d’une revue de la littérature, les caractéristiques fondamentales susceptibles d’influencer l’évaluation des banques. Ensuite, nous avons estimé un modèle économétrique mettant en relation la valeur des banques et six variables explicatives à l’aide de l’économétrie des données de panel. L’échantillon est constitué d’un panel de 82 banques cotées entre 2005 et 2013. Les résultats obtenus montrent qu’il existe une influence très significative de la qualité du portefeuille bancaire de crédits, du niveau de capitalisation, du niveau de diversification du portefeuille d’activités, de l’efficience et de la taille de la banque sur l’évaluation des firmes bancaires.

  7. La gouvernance partenariale des Banques coopératives françaises

    OpenAIRE

    Gianfaldoni, Patrick; Richez-Battesti, Nadine; Alcaras, Jean-Robert; Ory, Jean-Noël; Dompnier, Nathalie; Rousseau, François; Jaeger, Mireille; Gurtner, Emmanuelle; Ducau, Laurent

    2008-01-01

    [Rapport de recherche] Recherche financée par la DIIESES, sous la direction de Patrick Gianfaldoni et Nadine Richez-Battesti.; Comment caractériser la gouvernance interne et externe des banques coopératives dans une perspective territoriale ? Et quels contenus attribuer à la gouvernance partenariale ? En interne, les processus de décisions sont-ils fondamentalement spécifiques, de par leurs caractères démocratiques ? En externe, qu'en est-il des liens de coordination et des rapports de coopér...

  8. Les Fintech sont-elles une opportunité ou une menace pour les banques traditionnelles ?

    OpenAIRE

    Blanc, Aldwin; Sonney, Frédéric

    2018-01-01

    Dans ce travail, nous étudierons les potentielles opportunités et menaces que sont les Fintech pour les institutions bancaires. Cela nous permettra de savoir si, à l’avenir, ces entreprises vont s’imposer et remplacer les banques telles que nous les connaissons ou alors aider, forcer les acteurs traditionnels à effectuer leur révolution numérique pour répondre aux nouvelles attentes des clients. Afin de répondre à cette interrogation, les trois strates de l’environnement bancaire ont été anal...

  9. Mesurer et comparer les contextes et les politiques alimentaires en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans le but de régler ce problème, ce projet suivra et comparera les contextes et les politiques alimentaires au Mexique et au Chili. Plus précisément, il vise à accroître la responsabilité des gouvernements et du secteur privé d'offrir davantage d'aliments sains et de réduire l'obésité et les MNT liées au régime alimentaire.

  10. evaluation technique et economique des formules alimentaires de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    3, était liée à la faible performance de croissance réalisée par les béliers recevant l'aliment de cette formule de faible efficacité alimentaire. Les résultats de l'évaluation financière ont montré que les formules 4 et 1 ont le coût alimentaire du Kg de gain de poids vif le plus économique et une meilleure marge nette.

  11. Canada : tous les projets | Page 4 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à atténuer l'insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition en Colombie. Sujet: AGRICULTURE, MALNUTRITION. Région: Colombia, Canada. Programme: Agriculture and Food Security. Financement total : CA$ 1,497,700.00. ​Passage à grande échelle de la production d'aliments enrichis et thérapeutiques au ...

  12. Lait humain provenant d’une banque de dons ou acheté en ligne?

    Science.gov (United States)

    St-Onge, Maude; Chaudhry, Shahnaz; Koren, Gideon

    2015-01-01

    Résumé Question Une de mes patientes m’a demandé si elle pourrait se procurer du lait humain par Internet pour allaiter son nourrisson s’il le fallait. L’usage de lait humain provenant d’une banque de dons est-il plus sécuritaire que son achat en ligne? Réponse L’Organisation mondiale de la Santé et l’American Academy of Pediatrics recommandent d’utiliser des dons de lait humain comme choix à privilégier lorsque le lait maternel n’est pas disponible. Cependant, la Société canadienne de pédiatrie n’approuve pas le partage de lait humain non traité. Le lait humain entreposé dans les banques de lait diffère de celui qu’on peut se procurer par Internet en raison du processus rigoureux de sélection des donneuses, des fréquentes inspections de la qualité, des procédés de transport règlementés et du processus de pasteurisation conforme aux directives établies par l’Agence canadienne d’inspection des aliments. La plupart des échantillons achetés en ligne contiennent des bactéries à gram négatif ou comptent au total plus de 104 unités formant colonies de bactéries aérobiques par millilitre; ils renferment aussi en moyenne au décompte total plus de bactéries aérobiques, de bactéries à gram négatif, de coliformes et de Staphylococcus spp que les échantillons des banques de lait. La croissance de la plupart des espèces de bactéries est associée au nombre de jours en transit, ce qui porte à croire que les conditions de collecte, d’entreposage et de transport sont médiocres pour le lait acheté en ligne.

  13. Lipides et comportement alimentaire chez les enfants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicklaus Sophie

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse la place des lipides dans l’alimentation des jeunes enfants. Premièrement, il montre d’une part la contribution importante que devraient avoir les lipides aux apports énergétiques totaux des enfants de moins de deux ans, en raison de leur intérêt fonctionnel dans le développement neuronal et de leur effet potentiellement protecteur d’une obésité ultérieure; d’autre part, il souligne la faible contribution des lipides aux apports énergétiques totaux chez les enfants français, d’après les estimations disponibles, avec une minorité d’enfants pour lesquels les apports en lipides sont satisfaisants. Deuxièmement, il rapporte les connaissances disponibles concernant le contrôle « sensoriel » de la consommation de lipides. Chez les nouveau-nés et les nourrissons, quelques travaux portent sur les préférences pour les lipides, et indiquent l’absence d’une préférence pour les lipides. Chez les enfants, une teneur augmentée en lipides a parfois (mais pas toujours un effet positif sur l’appréciation d’un aliment, avec souvent une teneur optimale; mais elle n’est pas associée à une consommation plus élevée de l’aliment. Des teneurs élevées en lipides ont deux effets sur les apprentissages alimentaires. Chez des enfants de moins de 3 ans, un triplement de la densité énergétique par l’ajout de lipides est associé à la mise en place d’un rassasiement conditionné pour l’aliment concerné; chez des enfants plus âgés, un doublement de la densité énergétique par l’ajout de lipides, est associé à une augmentation de l’appréciation des flaveurs associées aux versions les plus riches en lipides. Des pistes d’études complémentaires sont discutées.

  14. L'apport de la théorie des conventions à la problématique du contrôle interne dans les banques

    OpenAIRE

    Heem, Gregory

    2002-01-01

    National audience; Cet article traite de l'évolution du contrôle interne dans les banques françaises. Nous analysons tout d'abord l'apport de la théorie des conventions à la nouvelle problématique du contrôle interne. Enfin nous effectuons une présentation des conclusions que nous avons pu tirer de l'étude de quatre banques.

  15. Gestion des ressources naturelles pour une sécurité alimentaire ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Gestion des ressources naturelles pour une sécurité alimentaire durable au Sahel. Au Sahel, le déficit de la production agricole et pastorale, combiné à la hausse générale des prix des denrées, ont augmenté l'insécurité alimentaire. Pour garantir leur sécurité alimentaire, les populations rurales utilisent des techniques de ...

  16. Caracterisation Du Regime Alimentaire Des Personnes Agees Au ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'étude s'est déroulée dans la ville de Cotonou au cours de la période transitionnelle entre la soudure et l'abondance alimentaire (octobre-novembre), avec 225 hommes et femmes ayant au moins 60 ans, apparemment en bonne santé mentale, sélectionnés au hasard par la méthode d'échantillonnage en grappes à 3 ...

  17. Crise alimentaire recente dans le troisieme arrondissement de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif de cette recherche est d'étudier les répercussions de la récente crise alimentaire sur les ménages de même que les stratégies développées en réaction aux ... The methodological step adopted within the framework of this research is primarily based on the information retrieval and the investigations of ground.

  18. Publicité alimentaire destinée aux enfants : examen de la portée de l’exposition, du pouvoir et des répercussions selon le contexte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Prowse

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : La publicité alimentaire a des répercussions sur les connaissances et les comportements alimentaires des enfants ainsi que sur leur santé. La réglementation actuelle au Canada est axée sur la restriction des aspects promotionnels de la publicité alimentaire, mais elle accorde peu d’attention, voire aucune, à l’endroit où se fait l’expérience alimentaire des enfants. Il est essentiel de comprendre où s’inscrit la publicité alimentaire dans le quotidien des enfants pour pouvoir les protéger. Notre étude fait état de la littérature sur la publicité alimentaire destinée aux enfants au Canada en fonction du contexte. Méthodologie : L’auteure a consulté des bases de données pour trouver des travaux de recherche canadiens portant sur l’exposition des enfants et des jeunes (de 2 à 17 ans à la publicité alimentaire, sur le pouvoir et les répercussions que celle-ci peut avoir sur les enfants dans différents contextes et sur la façon dont la réglementation actuelle peut en atténuer l'effet sur les enfants. Ont été sélectionnées les études en anglais, examinées par des pairs et publiées entre 2000 et 2016. Résultats : Vingt-cinq études se sont intéressées à l’exposition des enfants à la publicité alimentaire et au pouvoir ou aux répercussions qu’elle peut avoir sur ceux-ci à la maison (par la télévision ou Internet (n = 12, dans les écoles publiques (n = 1, dans les épiceries (n = 8, dans les restaurants rapides (n = 2 et en général (n = 2. Les tendances de la recherche révèlent que les aliments malsains ciblent les enfants par différentes techniques promotionnelles, qui se chevauchent selon les contextes. Il existe plusieurs lacunes en matière de recherche dans ce domaine, ce qui donne un portrait incomplet et potentiellement sous-estimé de la publicité alimentaire destinée aux enfants au Canada. Les données probantes disponibles indiquent que les approches canadiennes

  19. Gouvernance des systèmes alimentaires urbains pour la prévention ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Gouvernance des systèmes alimentaires urbains pour la prévention des maladies non transmissibles (MNT) en Afrique. Il y a un fardeau croissant par rapport aux maladies non transmissibles (MNT) à l'échelle de l'Afrique, attribuable en partie à la hausse des mauvaises habitudes alimentaires (y compris la consommation ...

  20. La sécurité alimentaire en Cisjordanie | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    million de personnes – souffrent d'insécurité alimentaire, sans compter les autres 12 % des ménages qui y sont vulnérables. L'Institut de recherche appliquée de Jérusalem (ARIJ) entend accroître la sécurité alimentaire durable ...

  1. Le Canada fera passer l'innovation agricole à une plus grande ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    3 mars 2016 ... OTTAWA – Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI) et Affaires mondiales Canada ont annoncé aujourd'hui six nouveaux projets qui seront appuyés par le Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale (FCRSAI). Ces projets visent à concevoir et à ...

  2. Detection des residus d'antibiotiques dans les denrees alimentaires ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans le but d'investiguer sur la présence des résidus d'antibiotiques dans les denrées alimentaires d'origine animale, une étude a été réalisée sur les résidus d'antibiotiques dans le muscle et le foie des bovins ainsi que dans le gésier et le foie des poulets dans différents points d'abattage et de commerce de Lubumbashi ...

  3. Aspects épidémiologiques du diabète de type 1 à la banque d ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer les caractéristiques sociodémographiques, d'évaluer la fréquence du diabète de type 1 (DT1) et de calculer le taux de mortalité chez les diabétiques de type 1 ayant consultés à la Banque d'Insuline de Cotonou de janvier 1996 à décembre 2015. Une recherche bibliographique ...

  4. Le Canada contribue à améliorer la nutrition des enfants au Vietnam ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 déc. 2015 ... Affaires mondiales Canada et le CRDI, par l'intermédiaire du Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale (FCRSAI), verseront 1,16 million de dollars à des chercheurs de l'Institut national de la nutrition du Vietnam et de l'Université Ryerson du Canada afin qu'ils mettent en ...

  5. Accès à la nourriture, subventions alimentaires et production de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Accès à la nourriture, subventions alimentaires et production de bioénergie à partir de déchets agricoles en Inde. Des chercheurs canadiens analysent les causes de l'insécurité alimentaire qui sévit en Inde et l'utilisation de nouvelles technologies comme moyen de remédier à la pénurie d'aliments. Leurs travaux visent à ...

  6. Bourse de recherche : Agriculture et sécurité alimentaire | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 sept. 2017 ... Le programme Agriculture et sécurité alimentaire (ASA) a pour objet de financer des recherches ouvrant de nouvelles perspectives pour une agriculture plus équitable et plus productive, afin d'accroître la sécurité alimentaire et la sécurité du revenu dans les pays en développement. Les recherches ...

  7. Gestion des ressources naturelles pour une sécurité alimentaire ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Au Sahel, le déficit de la production agricole et pastorale, combiné à la hausse générale des prix des denrées, ont augmenté l'insécurité alimentaire. Pour garantir leur sécurité alimentaire, les populations rurales utilisent des techniques de production agricole visant à maximiser leur production sans nécessairement se ...

  8. Eau virtuelle et sécurité alimentaire en Tunisie | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Eau virtuelle et sécurité alimentaire en Tunisie. La Tunisie est un pays aride où la rareté de l'eau limite considérablement la production agricole. Par conséquent, le pays importe la plupart des denrées alimentaires de base et tous les aliments de bétail, axant sa propre production agricole sur les cultures à forte valeur ...

  9. Etude des niches alimentaires des lombriciens dans un contexte urbain.

    OpenAIRE

    Diemby, Marie Virginie

    2005-01-01

    Dans ce travail, les préférences alimentaires pour les espèces végétales consommées par les lombriciens peuplant certains îlots des pelouses de l’avenue Roosevelt ont été étudiées. L’analyse des contenus digestifs et des fèces des vers a montré que les plantes identifiées dans les pelouses ne sont pas toutes consommées. Mesurée par l’indice d’Ivlev, la sélectivité des items végétaux est variable en fonction de l’espèce de ver, de la classe d’âge et de la saison. Lorsque les dicotylédones s...

  10. La recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire améliore les conditions de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    26 mai 2016 ... L'insécurité alimentaire touche, estime-t-on, 850 millions de personnes dans le monde. La recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire financée par le Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale (FCRSAI) contribue à réduire la pauvreté et à améliorer les moyens de subsistance dans ...

  11. Impact de la mise en places des comités d'audit dans les banques tunisiennes

    OpenAIRE

    Marrakchi Chtourou, Sonda; Ben Hassine, Sana

    2006-01-01

    International audience; Dans le cadre de la présente étude, nous proposons d'investiguer l'impact de la création du comité d'audit sur certains éléments du système de gouvernance des banques tunisiennes. Plus particulièrement, ces éléments concernent le fonctionnement du conseil d'administration, la qualité de l'information financière produite, l'indépendance de l'auditeur interne, la qualité du contrôle interne ainsi que l'étendue des travaux d'audit externe planifiés. A cet effet, l'étude d...

  12. Stratégie sur l’alimentation et la nutrition de l’Ontario : établissement d'indicateurs de l’accès aux aliments et de l’alphabétisme alimentaire pour un premier suivi de l’environnement alimentaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice A. Boucher

    2017-01-01

    intervention. Conclusion : Les limites des données existantes laissent penser qu’on ne peut sans doute pas qualifier certaines caractéristiques importantes de l’environnement alimentaire, d’où l’importance de prendre des mesures et d’allouer des ressources pour améliorer les indicateurs collectifs et d’appuyer le suivi de l’environnement alimentaire et de la santé alimentaire tant en Ontario que dans le reste du Canada.

  13. La Banque de données sur les épiclèses divines (BDDE) du Crescam : sa philosophie

    OpenAIRE

    Brulé, Pierre; Lebreton, Sylvain

    2011-01-01

    C’est la mise en ligne de la BDEG (Banque de Données des Epiclèses Grecques, encore dénommée BDDE au moment de la rédaction de l’article ; elle est consultable à l’adresse suivante : http://ntarcheo2.univ-rennes1.fr/epicleses/accueil.php) qui a motivé la publication dans Kernos de cet exposé des objectifs de cette banque de données, mais aussi des questions soulevées par une telle entreprise. Après une proposition de définition de l’épiclèse, sont ainsi présentés les différents problèmes posé...

  14. Perspectives d'introduction d'un marketing des services au sein des banques publiques Algériennes : Cas de la B.A.D.R.

    OpenAIRE

    Lachachi-taleb, Meriem

    2014-01-01

    Le premier chapitre présente les fondements théoriques relatifs au marketing des services ainsi qu'au concept de servuction et enfin au marketing mix des services dans le deuxiéme chapitre.Le troisiéme chapitre est consacré au marketing bancaire et au plan marketing dans le chapitre suivant, une étude de cas au sein de la B.A.D.R.Banque.

  15. Les pertes alimentaires en filière laitière

    OpenAIRE

    Bareille, Nathalie; Gesan-Guiziou, Genevieve; Foucras, Gilles; Coudurier, Bernard; Randriamampita, Baptiste; Peyraud, Jean-Louis; Agabriel, Jacques; Redlingshofer, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    Cette étude est la première, en France, qui analyse les pertes alimentaires dans la filière lait de vache (97,9% du marché laitier français). Elle vise premièrement à qualifier et à quantifier les pertes alimentaires ainsi que les manques à produire, et deuxièmement, à identifier les leviers d’action d’ores et déjà actionnables pour réduire ces pertes, ainsi que les recherches qu’il conviendrait d’engager pour y contribuer plus efficacement. L’analyse des pertes alimentaires dans la filière l...

  16. 116 Etude du régime alimentaire de la Chouette effraie Tyto alba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SWEET

    Abdeslam RIHANE et al. Etude du régime alimentaire de la Chouette effraie Tyto alba. (Strigiforme,Tytonidae) dans la région de Lalla Mimouna dans la plaine du Gharb, plaine du Maroc atlantique. Abdeslam RIHANE1, Said LAHROUZ2 et Rhimou EL HAMOUMI3. 1Département des Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, ...

  17. Etude du régime alimentaire de la Chouette effraie Tyto alba ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mots-clés: régime alimentaire, chouette effraie, Lalla Mimouna , plaine du Gharb, Maroc atlantique. Study of the diet of the Barn Owl Tyto alba (Strigiforme, Tytonidae) in Lalla Mimouna region in the Gharb plain (plain of Atlantic Morocco). We present in this work the results of the analysis of the diet of the Barn owl Tyto alba ...

  18. Gouvernance des systèmes alimentaires urbains pour la prévention ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    échelle de l'Afrique, attribuable en partie à la hausse des mauvaises habitudes alimentaires (y compris la consommation d'aliments ultratransformés et de malbouffe). Les aliments malsains sont de plus en plus disponibles, comme les ...

  19. Recherche sur l'environnement alimentaire urbain obésogène, ses ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    environnement alimentaire. En Afrique du Sud, par exemple, les ménages en milieu urbain et périurbain (à proximité des régions urbaines), et de plus en plus ceux en milieu rural, ont recours de manière croissante à des aliments malsains et ...

  20. Sécurité alimentaire et VIH/sida | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    approvisionnement alimentaire diminuant, certains n'ont sans doute pas d'autre choix que de recourir à des comportements sexuels à haut risque pour parvenir à nourrir leur famille. D'après Renaud De Plaen, du programme ÉCOSANTÉ du ...

  1. Le risque alimentaire: de l'évaluation à la perception

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Claude Fischler est Directeur de recherche au CNRS. Il poursuit au sein du CETSAH (Centre d' études transdisciplinaire-sociologie, anthropologie, histoire) des recherches sur l' alimentation (pratiques, représen-tations, comparaisons transculturelles) et la perception du risque (ESB, OGM, crises alimentaires récentes).

  2. Sécurité alimentaire, soins adéquats et environnement (Tanzanie et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    insécurité alimentaire est une question cruciale en Afrique. En Tanzanie et au Malawi, 38 % et 46 % (respectivement) des enfants de moins de cinq ans souffrent d'un arrêt de croissance. Au Malawi, 14 % des bébés ont une insuffisance de ...

  3. Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ACDI) et le CRDI, le Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale (FCRSAI) est doté 61 654 707 CAD (ACDI : 50 000 000 CAD; CRDI : 11 654 707 CAD). Il servira à financer l'exécution de recherche appliquée sur le ...

  4. La promotion des produits alimentaires nourrissants à base de millet ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet relèvera ce défi grâce à une recherche visant la mise en valeur de la transformation du millet et des technologies à valeur ajoutée. Les solutions technologiques pour améliorer la ... Institution. The Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning/McGill University. Institution Country. Canada. Institution Website.

  5. Sociétaire d’une banque coopérative : décision financière ou décision éthique ?

    OpenAIRE

    Egarius, Damien; Roger, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    La définition des banques coopératives donnée par l’International Cooperative Banking Association (ICBA) stipule que les sociétaires des banques coopératives, qui achètent et détiennent des parts sociales, croient dans les valeurs éthiques d'honnêteté, de transparence, de responsabilité sociale et d'altruisme. En utilisant une base de données de 246120 clients/sociétaires d’une grande banque coopérative française, nous montrons que le volume d’échange de parts sociales est loin d'être néglige...

  6. Asymétrie des préférences de la banque centrale : causes, modélisations et conséquences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imen Kobbi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une analyse de deux approches théoriques distinctes de la vaste littérature portant sur la modélisation et l’analyse des comportements des autorités monétaires en matière de conduite de la politique monétaire. La première préconise le recours aux fonctions de perte quadratiques symétriques pour la modélisation des préférences de la banque centrale. Cette approche se démarque par la facilité de résolution analytique introduite dans les modèles jugés complexes mais elle peut être désapprouvée vu qu’elle néglige l’incertitude en sous-tenant le principe d’équivalent certain et qu’elle reflète la symétrie des préférences de la Banque centrale envers les déviations des variables objectifs par rapport à leurs cibles. À cet égard, une deuxième approche plus réaliste, apparue à la fin des années 1990, permet d’évincer cette critique. Cette dernière présume l’asymétrie des préférences de la Banque centrale et permet de tenir compte de l’incertitude. Dès lors, le principe d’équivalent certain s’avère inapproprié et le banquier central doit adopter un comportement prudent face à l’incertitude en application du principe de prudence de Brainard (1967 permettant à l’incertitude d’affecter les variables économiques réelles et nominales.

  7. Tentative d'évaluation du systéme d'information marketing au niveau des banques publiques Algériennes

    OpenAIRE

    Hassaine-kazi-tani, Amel

    2014-01-01

    Le premier chapitre présente les fondements théoriques relatifs au marketing, marketing des services et notamment le marketing bancaire.dans le deuxiéme chapitre seront développées les notions de base du concept d'information et celui de systéme d'information et puis le systéme d'information marketing.le troisiéme chapitre pratique présente une étude de cas auprés des banques publiques Algériennes.

  8. Les facteurs de réussite des banques étrangéres sur le marché Algérien

    OpenAIRE

    Frifra, Amel

    2014-01-01

    Ce mémoire se développe en trois parties :la premiére partie reprends les fondements du marketing des services et les défis du marketing bancaire, la deuxiéme partie comprend les outils de réussite des banques étrangéres ( comportement du consommateur, la maitrise du management, comportement organisationnel), le troisiéme chapitre présente l'étude de marché SGA.

  9. Améliorer la sécurité alimentaire en Amérique latine et dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 avr. 2016 ... L'insécurité alimentaire touche, estime-t-on, 850 millions de personnes dans le monde. Tout porte à croire qu'il faut absolument réduire les inégalités entre les sexes et donner davantage de moyens d'agir aux femmes si l'on veut s'attaquer à l'insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle et permettre aux ...

  10. Sécurité alimentaire en Afrique : fonds Cultiver l'avenir de l'Afrique 2 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sécurité alimentaire en Afrique : fonds Cultiver l'avenir de l'Afrique 2. Appel. Notes conceptuelles. Programme(s). Cultiver l'avenir de l'Afrique. Date butoir. 1 mars 2018 by 10:00 (EST). Sujet(s). Alimentation et agriculture, Sécurité alimentaire. Durée. 6 semaines. Financée par. CRDI et Australian Centre for International ...

  11. Les déterminants internes qui évaluent la performance des banques islamiques : cas de la zone de Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayet Dami

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cette recherche est d’étudier les déterminants internes qui évaluent la performance des 22 banques islamiques cotées en Bourse et ils ont appliqué la même norme comptable internationale dans la zone de Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord en utilisant une analyse des indicateurs financiers tels que la rentabilité, la liquidité, la solvabilité et le risque de crédit, l’adéquation du capital, l’efficacité opérationnelle et l’efficacité d’allocation des ressources. Nous avons utilisé un modèle MCO avec une régression linéaire multiple comprenant de la variable dépendante (ROA ou ROE et de nombreuses variables indépendantes selon les données du panel. Les résultats empiriques indiquent que la liquidité, l’adéquation du capital, l’efficacité opérationnelle et l’efficacité d’allocation des ressources sont des déterminants significatifs dans notre étude. Par contre, les indicateurs de risque du crédit et la solvabilité ne sont pas significatifs pour évaluer la performance des banques islamiques au Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord. Notre résultat est robust.

  12. Examen des Réactions D’intolérance aux Aliments et aux Additifs Alimentaires

    OpenAIRE

    Hayder, Hikmat; Mueller, Utz; Bartholomaeus, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    La communauté manifeste un intérêt soutenu à l’égard des réactions d’intolérance aux aliments et aux additifs alimentaires. Pour éclairer les discussions à ce sujet, l’agence FSANZ a entrepris un examen scientifique visant à approfondir les principaux enjeux qui sous‐ tendent le débat public. Le présent document fait état de la compréhension actuelle des intolérances alimentaires et met en évidence la variabilité des réactions d’intolérance selon les individus, de même...

  13. Gestion spatio-temporelle de la soudure alimentaire dans le Sahel burkinabé

    OpenAIRE

    Janin, Pierre

    2004-01-01

    National audience; Les espaces sahéliens sont marqués par la récurrence et la diversité des problèmes alimentaires (disponibilités insuffisantes, aléatoires ou inaccessibles). Une des principales difficultés à laquelle sont confrontés chercheurs et décideurs consiste donc à caractériser la nature de ce risque dans le temps et dans l'espace et à mesurer la vulnérabilité réelle des Sahéliens à l'insécurité alimentaire. Compte tenu des faibles capacités d'intervention des Etats et des organismes...

  14. Amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire et des moyens de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Il en résulte la diminution du niveau des eaux souterraines et, pour les agriculteurs à faible revenu n'ayant pas d'accès direct à l'électricité, l'aggravation de l'insécurité alimentaire. Ce projet vise à obtenir la participation active des agriculteurs, des sociétés et du programme de vulgarisation agricole de l'État afin d'utiliser ...

  15. Les eaux usées consolident la sécurité alimentaire | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 oct. 2010 ... Les villes, où habite déjà la moitié de l'humanité, connaissent une croissance accélérée dans les pays les plus pauvres du monde. Compte tenu de l'instabilité du prix des aliments et des chocs climatiques, il y aurait lieu d'encourager la production alimentaire dans ces villes et dans leurs environs afin de ...

  16. Diversité des denrées alimentaires traditionnelles conditionnées ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le dockounou, l'attiékè et le bolo sont les aliments les plus préparés et vendus principalement dans les feuilles deThaumatococcus daniellii, de Musa paradisiaca ou de Musa acuminata, qui constituent les emballages végétaux les plus utilizes dans l'artisanat agro-alimentaire de la Côte d'Ivoire. Mots clés: Dockounou ...

  17. Armer les villes contre la faim : Systèmes alimentaires urbains ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    On y explore le rôle que les structures existantes de marketing et de distribution peuvent jouer pour améliorer l'accessibilité, les systèmes de distribution alimentaire en émergence et leur apport éventuel à l'élimination de la faim dans les villes. Enfin, cet ouvrage examine les structures sous-jacentes à la pauvreté et aux ...

  18. Sécurité alimentaire et VIH/sida | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    16 déc. 2010 ... De plus en plus, on est conscient des effets que peuvent exercer les politiques alimentaires sur le VIH/sida et vice versa. On a donc lancé, en 2001, le Regional Network on HIV/AIDS, Rural Livelihoods and Food Security (le réseau RENEWAL), un projet conjoint du Service international pour la recherche ...

  19. Amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un projet de recherche d'une durée de trois ans (de 2012 à 2015) a mis au point et à l'essai un modèle de nutrition intégrée en milieu scolaire comprenant du jardinage bio-intensif ... Application des innovations liées aux légumineuses pour la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle dans le sud de l'Éthiopie (FCRSAI, phase II).

  20. Etude ethnobotanique des plantes alimentaires utilisées en période ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Etude ethnobotanique des plantes alimentaires utilisées en période de soudure dans les régions Sud du Mali. ... Parkia biglobosa, Adansonia digitata et Vitellaria paradoxa sont les plantes les plus utilisées soit seules ou dans des plats comme additifs. Certaines de ces plantes servent également comme médicament et ...

  1. Sécurité alimentaire : une lutte sur plusieurs fronts | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 févr. 2011 ... Un des objectifs du programme PURE du CRDI est justement celui de stimuler la recherche sur l'agriculture urbaine en tant que moyen d'améliorer la sécurité alimentaire des ménages et ... Hunger can be eradicated “in my lifetime,” says the man known as the father of the Green Revolution in India. M.S..

  2. Implication des goitrigènes d'origine alimentaire dans le ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Implication des goitrigènes d'origine alimentaire dans le fonctionnement de la glande thyroïde : cas du manioc dans la production du H 2 O 2. ... Ces résultats, à l'étape actuelle, ne permettent pas d'envisager une action quelconque sur la NADPHoxydase et par conséquent sur le système générateur de H2O2. Mots clés ...

  3. Insécurité alimentaire et sous-alimentation au Guatemala | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Guatemala est aux prises avec d'importants problèmes de sécurité alimentaire et présente l'un des taux de sous-alimentation infantile chronique les plus élevés en Occident. Comme le pays est ... Rapports. Informe final / Food Insecurity and Under-Nutrition in Guatemala : final report (September 2014 - December 2015).

  4. L'autonomisation des femmes au moyen de la sécurité alimentaire

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 mars 2015 ... Le programme Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) de l'organisme Helen Keller International bénéficie du soutien technique de Zaman Talukder, expert en agriculture, sécurité alimentaire et nutrition établi au Cambodge. Le travail de Zaman vise à intégrer l'aquaculture d'espèces diverses en ...

  5. Accroissement de la sécurité alimentaire dans les hautes terres de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    FCRSAI). L'Éthiopie est aux prises avec un grave problème d'insécurité alimentaire, exacerbé par une pression démographique croissante, la dégradation des sols et les périodes de sécheresse fréquentes. Les légumineuses telles que le pois ...

  6. De l’affirmation d’une distribution alimentaire connectée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Deprez

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Longtemps restée discrète, popularisée depuis quelques années avec le succès des drives d’enseignes, la distribution alimentaire connectée s’affirme désormais dans les parcours d’achats des ménages et modifie leurs « univers d’approvisionnement ». Des supermarchés en ligne à la vente de particuliers à particuliers, elle revêt des formes plurielles selon les acteurs qui les initient et les systèmes de valeurs qui les portent. Toutes singulières, elles illustrent chacune la nature des changements portés par le numérique dans ce secteur et constituent à leur niveau une expression de la « convention Internet ». L’exemple des drives fermiers est ici retenu pour proposer une lecture territorialisée de cet e-commerce alimentaire qui prend place dans le paysage commercial, modifie les pratiques d’achats et le rapport aux circuits traditionnels de la distribution alimentaire.

  7. Souveraineté alimentaire et stratégies d'utilisation des terres : le cas de la Guadeloupe

    OpenAIRE

    Archimède, Harry

    2016-01-01

    La recherche de la souveraineté alimentaire impacte fortement l’utilisation des terres. Cependant les surfaces à consacrer à la production de vivres varient avec les choix de consommation des populations et les stratégies agricoles. La production de protéines animales est forte consommatrice de terres et ce constat a contraint l’homme à s’interroger sur son régime alimentaire et de consommation de viande. Sur la base des pratiques observées il y a aujourd’hui potentiellement au moins 3 grand...

  8. Marginalité, vulnérabilité et pratiques de survie en période de soudure alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Janin, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    18 pages; International audience; Cette communication s'intéresse aux relations existantes entre la marginalité et la vulnérabilité alimentaires dans des espaces ruraux africains soumis à de multiples aléas et contraintes. La « soudure alimentaire », analyseur complexe du manque objectif comme ressenti à l'échelle micro, en constitue le point d'entrée dynamique privilégié. Cette approche s'efforce plus particulièrement de prendre en compte la dimension temporelle, la variabilité spatiale et l...

  9. Etudes préliminaires sur l'utilisation alimentaire des plantes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'utilisation alimentaire concerne la consommation en nature des fruits ou des graines (24 espèces), la préparation de sauce (12 espèces), de bouillie (4 espèces), de boisson (2 espèces), de salade (17 espèces) et du couscous (19 espèces). Plusieurs espèces sont en régression. A Boumba, 14 espèces ont été déclarées ...

  10. Sécurité alimentaire et nutrition : des innovations qui aident les plus ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 oct. 2010 ... Le CRDI contribue à accroître la sécurité alimentaire et à améliorer la valeur nutritive des aliments depuis qu'il a vu le jour en 1970. Les recherches menées en vue de trouver des moyens de nourrier les populations pauvres ont permis de mettre au point des variétés végétales améliorées, d'accroître ...

  11. Accès à la nourriture, subventions alimentaires et production de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Il sera axé sur l'utilisation de déchets agricoles pour la production d'énergie et ses retombées sur la productivité agricole et la sécurité alimentaire à l'échelle locale. Ce changement de cap consistant à affecter les déchets agricoles à la production commerciale d'énergie pourrait améliorer le rendement des récoltes et, par ...

  12. Amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire et des moyens de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire et des moyens de subsistance dans le Punjab grâce à la gestion de l'eau, de l'énergie et de l'agriculture. Les changements climatiques représentent une menace de taille pour les sociétés agraires des régions tropicales. Dans le Punjab, où est cultivée plus de la moitié de la ...

  13. Digestibilité in vivo de trois types de rations alimentaires en vrac à ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 avr. 2017 ... quantités d'aliments distribués, du refus alimentaire et de matière fécale excrétée ont été pesées chaque jour. Les formules mathématiques utilisées pour calculer les variables étudiées à la fin de l'expérimentation sont présentées (Tableau 2). Tableau 2 : Formules mathématiques utilisées pour calculer les ...

  14. Les troubles alimentaires émergent-ils en milieu rural ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Tinat

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte constitue un premier état des lieux sur la question de l’émergence des troubles de la conduite alimentaire en milieu rural dans un pays en développement. Après une contextualisation du village (Michoacán, Mexique dans lequel est menée l’étude, sont exposés les résultats du questionnaire Eating Attitude Test et d’une série d’entretiens approfondis sur les représentations et les pratiques alimentaires et corporelles appliqués à douze jeunes âgés entre 15 et 26 ans. L’objectif principal est d’observer dans quelle mesure ces troubles alimentaires sont susceptibles d’émerger, et de voir si cette émergence est concomitante aux processus de modernisation sociale et économique vécus par le village. Notre propos est d’ouvrir une discussion sur les facteurs culturels qui, en milieu rural et dans les pays du Sud, peuvent fomenter l’éclosion des troubles alimentaires.The young, their bodies and foods. The emergence of eating disorders in rural areas (State of Michoacan, Mexico This paper is a first attempt at dealing with the question of the emergence of eating disorders in rural areas in a developed country. After contextualizing the village (in the state of Michoacán, Mexico where the study was carried out, we present the results of the Eating Attitude Test and a series of in-depth interviews with twelve young people between 15 and 26 years old about their food and body representations and practices. The main objective of the study is to observe to what extent eating disorders appear, and to see whether this is concomitant with the processes of social and economic modernization experienced in the village. The ultimate goal is to open up a discussion on the cultural factors which could generate the apparition of eating disorders in rural areas and in developed countries.

  15. Enquête de consommation alimentaire en zone CEMAC : Cas de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les analyses effectuées à partir des enquêtes sur les ménages ont été désagrégées par milieu de résidence et par niveau de revenu, afin de permettre un meilleur ciblage dans la conception des filets de sécurité alimentaire. Premièrement, au niveau de la transformation, les résultats de l'enquête montrent qu'au Congo 87 ...

  16. Sécurité alimentaire — Semences porteuses de menaces ou de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 févr. 2011 ... Par un curieux retour du balancier, le succès qu'ont connu les phytosélectionneurs en mettant au point des variétés de céréales plus performantes au cours des dernières décennies pourrait bien mener à une perte graduelle d'espèces végétales susceptible de compromettre la sécurité alimentaire.

  17. Renforcement de la sécurité alimentaire et de la résilience sociale ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    sida au Malawi. Les petits exploitants agricoles du Malawi cherchant à maintenir un système alimentaire viable se butent à de nombreuses difficultés. C'est dire qu'ils sont extrêmement vulnérables aux changements climatiques. Des travaux ...

  18. VIH/sida et insécurité alimentaire : double péril | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    agriculture et l'alimentation (FAO), Stuart Gillespie a passé six mois à étudier le lien entre le VIH/sida et la sécurité alimentaire. Il a vite compris que l'épidémie risquait d'avoir, à long terme, des répercussions désastreuses sur la ...

  19. Effet du régime et de la teneur en protéines brutes alimentaires sur ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effet du régime et de la teneur en protéines brutes alimentaires sur le rendement en viande de l'escargot Achatina fulica (Bowdich, 1720). NA Sika Piba, M Karamoko, CFD Adou, A Otchoumou, KP Kouassi ...

  20. L'agriculture urbaine pourrait accroître la sécurité alimentaire dans ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'agriculture urbaine locale offre une solution à l'insécurité alimentaire, affirment des chercheurs financés par le CRDI dans un article que le Centre international de hautes études agronomiques méditerranéennes a publié dans sa Lettre de veille de septembre 2011.

  1. Quand et comment se forment les préférences alimentaires chez l'enfant ? Résultats de l'étude OPALINE

    OpenAIRE

    Nicklaus, Sophie

    2015-01-01

    Manger est essentiel pour la survie, et nous naissons bien équipés pour absorber des nutriments. Cependant, tous les autres aspects du comportement alimentaire sont appris, essentiellement durant les premières années de vie [1]. De plus, les habitudes acquises pendant l'enfance contribueront en grande partie au développement des habitudes alimentaires futures [2,3,4]. Ainsi, il est fondamental de comprendre quand et comment s'acquièrent les habitudes alimentaires favorables à la santé. Cette ...

  2. Local fall-out and the animal food chain; Retombees locales et chaine alimentaire animale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prat, G.; Mercier, F.J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-07-01

    The local consequences of fresh fall-out, especially in the case of atmospheric nuclear explosions, are reviewed from the point of view of the internal contamination of the consumer of foodstuffs of animal origin. The edibility of foodstuffs derived from animals having grazed in the presence of fall-out is evaluated both from the wholesome and radio-toxicological points of view. The contamination level of these foodstuffs is calculated as a function of the ground fall-out, and of agronomical and ecological parameters for each radio-nuclide of the animal food chain. The internal exposure of the human consumer is calculated from this level as a function of the diet and of various parameters especially temporal. The equivalent dose to each critical organ, including the digestive tract is deduced from the burdens of each organ. From this a nutritional hygiene in the areas affected by fall-out is obtained, in relationship to the action levels fixed by the responsible authorities in exceptional circumstances. Criteria for these action levels are given as function of the food rations. (authors) [French] Les consequences locales des retombees fraiches, notamment dans le cas d'explosions nucleaires atmospheriques, sont passees en revue en ce qui concerne les problemes de contamination interne du consommateur de denrees d'origine animale. La comestibilite des aliments provenant de betes de boucherie ayant pature sous les retombees est evaluee au double point de vue de la salubrite et de la radiotoxicologie. Le niveau de contamination de ces denrees est calcule en fonction de la retombee au sol, des parametres agronomiques et ecologiques pour chaque radioelement de la chaine alimentaire animale. La contamination interne du consommateur humain est calculee a partir de ce niveau en fonction des modalites d'ingestion et de divers parametres, notamment temporels. L'equivalent de dose au niveau de chaque organe critique, y compris le tube digestif, est deduit

  3. Plantes alimentaires d'intérêt médicinal utilisées par les Pygmées ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... 35% pour les feuilles et 24,32% pour les écorces). Les pathologies associées à l'utilisation de ces plantes alimentaires fréquemment citées sont : les parasitoses, l'inflammation, les maux de ventre, les dermatoses et la toux. Mots clés : Plantes alimentaires, plantes médicinales, Pygmées, République Centrafricaine.

  4. La politique alimentaire et la consommation dans l’Argentine péroniste

    OpenAIRE

    MILANESIO, Natalia

    2012-01-01

    Dès les débuts du gouvernement de Juan Domingo Perón, les pratiques alimentaires constituent non seulement une dimension essentielle de la politique de l’État, mais aussi un élément central de la propagande gouvernementale. Cet article s’oppose à la séparation analytique de l’étude des politiques de celles des imaginaires afin d’ouvrir de nouvelles pistes de réflexion sur le péronisme. Dans un premier temps, nous mettons l’accent sur le rôle central joué par les dimensions économiques, politi...

  5. Perception oro-sensorielle des lipides alimentaires et obésité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Besnard Philippe

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La gustation est un système dynamique capable d’une adaptation physiologique rapide en réponse aux changements environnementaux permanents qui caractérisent notre alimentation (rythme, qualité, quantité. Basé sur la modulation des seuils de sensibilité gustative, ce système homéostatique contribue à la construction du comportement alimentaire en orientant les choix de consommation. On peut donc penser qu’un dysfonctionnement de ce système régulateur peut avoir un impact sur les habitudes alimentaires et donc, à terme, sur la santé. La mise en évidence récente chez le rongeur (rat, souris qu’une obésité induite par le régime non seulement entraîne une détérioration de la détection orale des lipides mais se traduit également par une préférence accrue pour le «gras», plaide en faveur de cette thèse. Chez l’homme, nos travaux indiquent que les sujets obèses, dont la détection oro-sensorielle des lipides est défectueuse, surconsomment des aliments riches en graisse. Ces données murines et humaines suscitent une question fondamentale : quel est le lien entre lipides, obésité et désordres gustatifs? Cette mini-revue se propose de faire le point des connaissances actuelles sur ce sujet.

  6. Dépendre de la distribution d’aide alimentaire caritative / Relying on charity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine César

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail qualitatif de socio-anthropologie est centré sur l’analyse du récit de vie d’une famille de sans-papiers. L’objectif est de décrire et d’analyser de façon approfondie l’articulation entre l’aide alimentaire et les conditions de vie de personnes y ayant recours. Cette approche par l’alimentation apporte un éclairage particulier sur la situation des personnes se trouvant sans autorisation de travail sur le territoire, car les sans-papiers constituent une des figures extrêmes de dépendance au soutien mis en place par la société civile, les associations caritatives. Si la situation des sans-papiers se situe à la marge de la marge, elle révèle cependant des logiques de fonctionnement qui soulignent plus largement la dimension heuristique des pratiques alimentaires pour appréhender la variété des situations de pauvreté.Depending on charitable food aid distribution: the case of undocumented immigrants.This qualitative socio-anthropological work is focused on the analysis of a life narrative of an undocumented immigrant family. The objective of this paper is to describe and analyze in detail the relations between food aid and the living conditions of people dependent on charitable donations. This method of obtaining food provides a particular perspective on the situation of undocumented immigrants and reveals their extreme dependence on public programs, as seen by their submissive behavior when receiving aid from charitable associations. Analyzing the situation of undocumented immigrants who belong to the extreme margins of poverty reveals more than what influences their dietary practices: it helps to better understand the various situations of poverty.

  7. Les paradoxes des distances dans la construction des identités alimentaires par acculturation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dedeire

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available À partir d’une problématique issue d’observations et de lectures sur la mobilité des hommes, le(s distance(s et l’ancrage territorial, nous nous interrogeons sur les paradoxes de l’acculturation dans la (reconstruction des identités alimentaires. Pourquoi certaines populations développent-elles leur culture alimentaire locale dans des territoires d’accueil ? Quel est le rôle du migrant et de la distance sur cette diffusion appuyée par l’acculturation ? Et quelles sont les formes d’ancrages territoriaux expliquant les diffusions de certains produits locaux ?The authors base their research question on the observations and the literature concerning different forms of mobility of human beings and food products, distances and territorial anchoring. They further their analysis on the paradoxes of acculturation process that arise during the identity (reconstruction in the field of food consumption and eating habits. They focus on the place of cross-border migrations in the spreading of genuine country products and/or local eating specialities of the migrant populations in their host countries. What are the different definitions of distance(s that separate the migrant from its home country and from the host culture? What role dœs the migrant play in the spreading of these eating habits? How the acculturation process works? What are the different forms of territorial anchoring to explain the spreading of these genuine country food products?

  8. L'agriculture urbaine dans les quartiers défavorisés de la métropole New-Yorkaise: la justice alimentaire à l'épreuve de la justice sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Paddeu, Flaminia

    2012-01-01

    La notion de justice alimentaire irrigue les discours des tenants du food movement aux États-Unis. Elle se traduit par l'essor de l'agriculture urbaine dans les grandes métropoles américaines. Loin de se cantonner à son statut de mouvement de classes moyennes blanches préoccupées par leur bien-être alimentaire, la justice alimentaire cherche à favoriser la sécurité alimentaire des populations pauvres et des minorités ethniques des quartiers défavorisés. Elle introduit dès lors des enjeux de j...

  9. apport alimentaire chez des patients attients la sclérose en plaque dans la region de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    haddaoui, hadjer

    2015-01-01

    La sclérose en plaques (SEP) est une maladie inflammatoire et démyélinisant du système nerveux central (SNC). L'apparition de plaques démyélinisées dans le SNC est associée à un infiltrat inflammatoire principalement composé de macrophages et de lymphocytes T (LT). L'objectif de notre étude est d'évaluer l'apport alimentaire chez une population atteinte de Sclérose en plaque dans la wilaya de Tlemcen, et d'essayer de déterminer la relation entre l'apport alimentaire de fer, vit...

  10. Soudure alimentaire et gestion sociétale des risques en zone sahélienne (Burkina Faso)

    OpenAIRE

    Janin, Pierre

    2003-01-01

    Depuis les graves crises alimentaires des années 1970 et 1980, les pays sahéliens, ont, tour à tour, exploré diverses stratégies pour gérer le risque d'insécurité alimentaire : planification de la redistribution de l'aide, stockage national de sécurité, prévisions pluviométriques, suivi satellitaire des cultures. Toutefois, ces approches ne dépassent généralement pas le cadre de la réponse immédiate à une situation d'urgence et ne permettent pas d'améliorer la gestion des disponibilités à l'é...

  11. VIH/sida et insécurité alimentaire : double péril | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 janv. 2011 ... Stuart Gillespie explique qu'il est aujourd'hui plus important que jamais de tenir compte du lien entre le VIH/sida et la sécurité alimentaire, notamment dans le .... In Sri Lanka, the government is aiming to double fish consumption per capita from 11 to 22 kg per year by the end of 2014 to boost dietary protein.

  12. Accroître la sécurité alimentaire et lutter contre l'influenza aviaire en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs du Partenariat de recherche sur les maladies infectieuses émergentes en Asie (APEIR) ont confirmé l'importance de l'élevage de volaille dans les arrière-cours pour la sécurité alimentaire du Cambodge, de la Chine, de l'Indonésie, de la Thaïlande et du Vietnam. Ils ont aussi constaté que le travail ...

  13. Accroître la sécurité alimentaire et lutter contre l'influenza aviaire en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 févr. 2012 ... Les chercheurs du Partenariat de recherche sur les maladies infectieuses émergentes en Asie (APEIR) ont confirmé l'importance de l'élevage de volaille dans les arrière-cours pour la sécurité alimentaire du Cambodge, de la Chine, de l'Indonésie, de la Thaïlande et du Vietnam. Ils ont aussi constaté que ...

  14. La recherche aide à améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Corey Piccioni

    à grande échelle des solutions qui améliorent la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition dans le monde en développement. Le CRDI apporte une contribution importante à l'augmentation de la productivité agricole, à l'amélioration de la nutrition et à l'accroissement des revenus des exploitants agricoles, hommes et femmes.

  15. Renforcement de la sécurité alimentaire et de la résilience sociale ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les petits exploitants agricoles du Malawi cherchant à maintenir un système alimentaire viable se butent à de nombreuses difficultés. C'est dire qu'ils sont extrêmement ... Amélioration de la gestion des connaissances et de l'utilisation des résultats de recherche dans les projets en écosanté. Cette étude réunit les ...

  16. Démarche intégrée pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Démarche intégrée pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle aux Philippines. La malnutrition demeure un problème grave aux Philippines, notamment chez les enfants. La mise en place de programmes intégrés de nutrition et de culture potagère dans les écoles pourrait-elle contribuer à remédier à ce problème ...

  17. Protection de la sécurité alimentaire des petits exploitants grâce à l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fort de ses plus de 20 ans de formation scientifique et de travaux sur la sécurité alimentaire ainsi que la gestion des ressources, M. Mapfumo voit de nouveaux sujets d'inquiétude s'amonceler à l'horizon pour les petits exploitants africains. Bien que ceux ci aient l'habitude des sécheresses et des précipitations erratiques, ...

  18. From tourist product to ordinary food? De produit touristique à produit alimentaire ? Le rôle du tourisme rural dans le développement des produits locaux et du patrimoine alimentaire en Norvège.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunnar Vittersø

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Local food products, either new, “traditional”, or based on a specific conception of food heritage, play an important role in the development of the rural tourism sector in Norway. Building on different concrete Norwegian case studies, this article seeks to better understand the role tourism plays in the creation, or revival, of cultural identity based on local food products and food heritage. The paper uses the concept of the “tourist gaze” in order to analyze tourists and local consumers’ perceptions and appropriation of local food. The article highlights the consequences of the emergence of culinary and local food heritage for tourists in Norway, and concludes that tourism increases the awareness of food heritage and strengthens local identity, although these food products are not much used in ordinary food consumption.Les produits locaux, nouveaux, basés sur des recettes « traditionnelles », voire sur une conception particulière du patrimoine alimentaire, jouent un rôle important dans le développement du secteur touristique rural en Norvège. Fondé sur différents cas d’études norvégiens concrets, cet article permet de mieux comprendre le rôle joué par le tourisme dans la création, ou la construction, de l’identité culturelle basée sur le patrimoine alimentaire et le développement récent des produits locaux. Afin d’analyser la perception et l’appropriation des produits localisés par les consommateurs, nous proposons une approche fondée sur la notion de « regard touristique ». Cet article s’achève finalement sur les conséquences de l’émergence du patrimoine alimentaire local dans le tourisme, soulignant à la fois l’influence sur les pratiques alimentaires et sur la mise en valeur d’une identité culturelle locale, bien que ces produits locaux restent peu utilisés dans les habitudes alimentaires quotidiennes.

  19. Eastern Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryant, R.G.; Roliff, W.A.; Sealey, R.; Palonen, P.A.

    1981-10-01

    Uncertainty of increased taxation of petroleum revenues proposed under the Canadian national energy program effected a minor slowdown of the rapid exploration in 1980. Total numbers of wells drilled in eastern Canada were: Ontario, 224; Quebec, 3; Nova Scotia, 1; and the Atlantic offshore, 13. Much of the Ontario drilling, 123 wells, was for development purposes. The success ratio on exploratory drilling in Ontario was 34.7, while all Quebec and Nova Scotia wells were dry. Production of oil and gas declined by 16.8% and 18.5% in New Brunswick. Oil production in Ontario increased by 1.2%. The increase in gas production of 14.3% to almost 443,535.5 x 10/sup 3/m/sup 3/ was due almost entirely to development of known fields underlying Lake Erie. The exploration of offshore eastern Canada continued at a stable rate, with 12 wells completed. Of these, 2 were in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 3 on the Grand Banks, 6 on the Labrador Shelf, and 1 in Davis Strait. All wells were abandoned or suspended at year end, although discoveries of hydrocarbon were made in Davis Strait and the Grand Banks. The early exploration stage, combined with record water depths, prevented any of these wells from being put into production, although testing will be continued on the most promising shows. Seismic exploration increased to approximately 30,000 km in the Atlantic offshore areas. In addition, 1,420.94 km was shot in Lake Erie. Onshore seismic exploration accounted for 1,078.67 km in Ontario, 350 km in Nova Scotia and 242.76 km in Quebec. 3 figures, 8 tables.

  20. Exposition précoce aux aliments et allergies alimentaires chez les enfants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Benetta; Chan, Edmond S.; Goldman, Ran D.

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Question J’étais sous l’impression qu’on devrait éviter de donner aux nourrissons des aliments potentiellement allergènes comme des noix, du lait de vache et des œufs pour prévenir le développement de réactions allergiques. Quels conseils devrait-on donner aux parents concernant l’introduction des aliments durant la petite enfance et le développement des allergies alimentaires? Réponse Il n’y a pas de données probantes indiquant que retarder l’introduction d’aliments particuliers après l’âge de 6 mois aide à prévenir les allergies. Une récente déclaration de la Société canadienne de pédiatrie ne recommande aucun délai quant à l’introduction d’aliments durant la petite enfance. De récentes études de recherche semblent aussi faire valoir que l’introduction précoce (entre 4 et 6 mois) d’aliments possiblement allergènes procure une forme de protection et contribue à prévenir les allergies, mais il faudrait plus de recherche à ce sujet.

  1. Précarité alimentaire, austérité / Food insecurity and austerity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherina Perianu

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à examiner les pratiques alimentaires quotidiennes dans le contexte des contraintes normatives exercées par la politique d’Etat dans les années quatre-vingt en Roumanie. A partir d’une démarche basée sur l’analyse micro anthropologique (observation des pratiques quotidiennes des habitants, entretiens, recueil de témoignages accrédités du point de vue scientifique sur le ravitaillement pendant la période historique en discussion, nous nous proposons d’examiner la manière dont l’accès aux aliments a structuré l’expérience sociale et nutritionnelle de l’individu, dans le cas de la société roumaine pendant sa dernière décennie communiste.This paper explores everyday food practices in the context of austerity measures, through normative constraints imposed by the Romanian government in the 1980s, as applied by State policies. Based on a micro-anthropological approach (observation of everyday food practices, focused interviews and accounts concerning the historical period above-mentioned, this work proposes to examine how food accessibility structured the social and nutritional experience of individuals, in the case of the Romanian society during the last decade of the Romanian Communist regime.

  2. Vulnérabilité des populations à l'insécurité alimentaire en Côte d'Ivoire

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'insécurité alimentaire est le manque d'accès aux aliments. Avec une proportion de 20 % de la population souffrant de la faim chronique, l'insécurité alimentaire constitue une préoccupation majeure en Afrique de l'Ouest. La Côte d'Ivoire étant confrontée à des défis majeurs (pauvreté, importation de riz, conflit armé, etc), ...

  3. La crise de la filière cotonnière et sécurité alimentaire au Nord ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Contexte et objectif : Le coton a longtemps contribué à la sécurité alimentaire, du fait de son rôle historique joué sur la productivité agricole. Cette étude à pour objectif d'apporter des éléments de contribution aux débats actuels sur les effets de la crise de la filière cotonnière sur la sécurité alimentaire. Méthodologie et ...

  4. L’Argentine dans le contexte latino-américain : consommations alimentaires, santé et politiques nutritionnelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebillotte Clementina

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Le surpoids et l’obésité, problèmes nutritionnels planétaires, n’épargnent pas les populations des pays en développement. En Argentine, comme dans la majorité des pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes, les problèmes de surcharge pondérale affectent plus de la moitié de la population adulte1 (FAO, OPS, OMS. 2017. 2016 América Latina y el Caribe. Panorama de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional, Sistemas alimentarios sostenible para poner fin al hambre y a la malnutrición. Santiago de Chile (Chile: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura y la Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Disponible sur http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6747s.pdf et, plus grave encore, coexistent avec des situations de carences nutritionnelles. Ce travail se penche sur les évolutions de l’alimentation et de l’action publique en Argentine à la lumière des changements mondiaux, mais aussi de l’instabilité économique et sociale locale. Cette analyse est replacée dans le contexte latino-américain et offre une place spécifique à la question des lipides. La première partie est dédiée à l’évolution des consommations alimentaires en Argentine, dont celle des lipides, et de la situation nutritionnelle de la population locale. La deuxième partie présente les évolutions des actions de politique alimentaire et nutritionnelle développées en Argentine et s’intéresse tout particulièrement à une action publique pionnière et réussie pour réduire le contenu en acides gras trans d’origine industrielle des aliments. La troisième partie dresse un panorama général et non exhaustif de la situation nutritionnelle de l’Amérique latine, de l’évolution des modèles de consommation alimentaire et des politiques alimentaires et nutritionnelles mises en place dans la région, dont celles pour lutter contre les acides gras trans.

  5. Détection des résidus d'antibiotiques dans les denrées alimentaires ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectif : Dans le but de rechercher la présence des résidus d'antibiotiques dans les denrées alimentaires d'origine animale, une étude a été réalisée sur la viande et le foie des bovins ainsi que dans le gésier et le foie des poulets prélevés dans différents points d'abattage et de commerce de la ville de Lubumbashi en RD ...

  6. Que font les adolescents des programmes d’éducation alimentaire proposés aux niveaux national et local ?

    OpenAIRE

    Maurice, Aurélie

    2012-01-01

    Les enfants et les jeunes sont une des cibles privilégiées des politiques de santé publique en matière d’alimentation. Des actions sont donc menées par un grand nombre d’acteurs locaux mais aussi au niveau national (avec le Programme National Nutrition Santé). Dans cette communication, l’on cherche à savoir comment les adolescents vivent ces programmes d’éducation alimentaire qui leur sont, pour les plus locaux, directement destinés. La méthodologie de l’enquête dont les premiers résultats so...

  7. Le Plan Maroc Vert et l’autosuffisance alimentaire en produits de base à l’horizon 2020

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souleymane Nouréini Sayouti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La présente étude a pour objectif d’analyser les effets probables de la nouvelle stratégie agricole marocaine (le Plan Maroc Vert sur la situation alimentaire (dépendance ou autosuffisance alimentaire du Maroc à l’horizon 2020. Elle a concerné sept produits de base indispensables à la diète marocaine à savoir : le lait, le sucre, l’huile de table, la viande rouge, la viande blanche, le blé tendre et le blé dur. L’approche méthodologique utilisée consiste à prévoir la demande alimentaire du pays, pour l’horizon 2020, en ces denrées. La méthode utilisée pour la prévision de la demande prend en compte la taille de la population, l’élasticité-revenu et l’évolution du niveau de revenu par habitant. La demande projetée est comparée aux niveaux de production prévus par le Plan Maroc Vert pour le même horizon. Ces prévisions ont révélé que malgré les efforts d’augmentation des niveaux de production prévus dans le cadre du Plan Maroc Vert, le Maroc ne pourrait pas atteindre une autosuffisance alimentaire pour le blé tendre, le blé dur, le sucre et les huiles de table à l’horizon 2020. Par contre, cette autosuffisance serait possible pour le lait, les viandes rouges et les viandes blanches. Ces résultats montrent que les décideurs politiques devraient mieux orienter l’intervention de l’Etat pour améliorer l’offre du pays pour le premier groupe des produits. En revanche, les possibilités d’exportation devraient être encouragées pour le deuxième groupe de produits notamment vers les marchés émergents tels que ceux de l’Afrique Subsaharienne.

  8. ETUDE DU REGIME ALIMENTAIRE DE CINQ ESPECES D'ACRIDIENS DANS LES CONDITIONS NATURELLES DE LA CUVETTE DE OUARGLA (ALGERIE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M D OULD ELHADJ

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available L’analyse du régime alimentaire de cinq espèces de sautériaux, au Sahara septentrional dans les conditions naturelles de la cuvette de Ouargla a montré que les vingt espèces végétales consommées se distribuent entre six Poacées, deux Fabacées, deux Asteracées et deux Chénopodiacées. Les autres familles telles que les Tamaricacées, Convolvulacées, Zygophylacées, Frankeniacées, Caryophylacées, Brassicacées, Polygonacées et Cucurbitacées, sont représentées chacune par une seule espèce. 30,0% des fèces de ces Acrididae sont constituées par des fragments d’épidermes de Poacées et 70,0% de dicotylédones. Les femelles consomment plus d’espèces végétales que les mâles. De même, dans cette zone aride, le changement des conditions climatiques comme la température et l’humidité, affectent le spectre alimentaire de ces acridiens.

  9. Stratégies paysannes en matière de sécurité alimentaire et de commercialisation céréalière : le rôle des banques de Céréales dans le nord du plateau central du Burkina Faso

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yonli, Paramanga Ernest

    1997-01-01

    ln dit proefschrift wordt de rol van graanbanken op het Centrale Plateau in Burkina Faso bestudeerd. Dit Plateau, dat ongeveer twee keer zo groot is als Nederland, is de dichtst bevolkte streek van Burkina Faso. Het grootste deel van de bevolking bestaat uit boeren en hun gezinnen, die vooral voor

  10. Study Canada: An Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monahan, Robert L.; And Others

    The document presents the first of five units on Canada developed for classroom use in American secondary schools. This unit, an overview of Canada, offers a sequence of information sheets for students and class activity suggestions for teachers which use a comparative approach stressing an understanding of Canada from the viewpoints of both…

  11. Sécurité alimentaire, pêches et aquaculture en Amazonie bolivienne ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Des chercheurs de la Bolivie et du Canada étudieront les chaînes de valeur des pêches artisanales et de l'aquaculture à petite échelle dans deux zones pilotes : les ... The Instituto de la Salud, Medio Ambiente, Economia y Sociedad (ISALUD), with support from IDRC, organized two regional workshops in 2004 and 2005 to ...

  12. Observations Issues de L’évaluation des Risques pour la Santé que Comporte la Présence d’Escherichia coli O157 dans les Produits de Bœuf Attendris Mécaniquement au Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Catford, Angela; Lavoie, Marie-Claude; Smith, Ben; Buenaventura, Enrico; Couture, Hélène; Farber, Aamir Fazil et le Dr Jeffrey M.

    2013-01-01

    Au Canada, à la fin de 2012, un total de 18 cas de maladies d’origine alimentaire provoquées par Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157) ont été signalés dans le cadre d’une éclosion causée par du bœuf contaminé. Au cours de l’enquête sur la salubrité alimentaire relative à l’éclosion, la consommation de bœuf attendri mécaniquement (BAM) chez des détaillants a été mise en cause dans de quelques cas. Les détails de cette enquête et du suivi afférent sont consultables en ligne sur le site Web de l...

  13. Le bilan alimentaire cations-anions (B.A.C.A.) dans la fièvre vitulaire

    OpenAIRE

    Rousseau, Frédéric

    2004-01-01

    La fièvre vitulaire est une maladie causée par une chute de la calcémie au vêlage de la vache laitière. Le bilan alimentaire cations-anions (ou B.A.C.A.) correspond à la différence entre certains ions: (Na+ + K+) (Cl- + SO42-), exprimée en milliéquivalents par kilogramme de matière sèche de la ration. L'étude bibliographique montre que l'absorption d'un excès de ces anions par rapport aux cations provoque une acidose métabolique légère. Celle-ci entraîne une fuite urinaire de calcium et une p...

  14. Importance du coquelicot dans le régime alimentaire des abeilles domestiques en plaine agricole intensive

    OpenAIRE

    Bernier, Florentin

    2017-01-01

    Les ressources en pollen peuvent devenir une contrainte pour l'abeille domestique dans les agrosystèmes céréaliers et influencent ainsi le développement des colonies. Cette étude réalisée dans l’ouest de la France vise à déterminer l’importance du coquelicot dans ce type de paysage et plus particulièrement durant la période de disette alimentaire. Un inventaire de la distribution des coquelicots a été effectué sur la zone d’étude afin d’évaluer les ressources disponibles pour les abeilles. Un...

  15. Traitement de déchets issus de l'industrie agro-alimentaire par pile à combustible microbienne

    OpenAIRE

    Cercado Quezada, Bibiana

    2009-01-01

    Les piles à combustible microbiennes (PACM) permettent la production directe d'électricité par l'oxydation de matière organique ; à l'anode les combustibles organiques sont oxydés grâce à des microorganismes adhérés qui jouent le rôle d'électro-catalyseurs. Utiliser comme combustible la matière organique issue d'effluents ou de déchets des industries agro-alimentaires présente un double bénéfice : la réduction de l'impact environnemental et la génération d'énergie. Le travail réalisé dans le ...

  16. Nutrition et sécurité alimentaire en Chine rurale : Évaluation du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Application à grande échelle de la production et de la distribution du sel doublement enrichi en Inde (FCRSAI, phase 2). Après avoir réalisé des travaux en laboratoire et dans le cadre de projets pilotes pendant une décennie au Canada et en Inde, on a mis à l'essai avec succès une préparation de sel doublement.

  17. Entretien avec Runar Døving : croquant, craquant et croustillant dans la culture alimentaire norvégienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Amilien

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Runar Døving, anthropologue spécialiste des habitudes alimentaires en Norvège, répond dans cet entretien à des questions sur le craquant, le croquant et le croustillant dans la culture de l’alimentation norvégienne. Réponses et questions s’enchainent au fil de l’interview et permettent un certain nombre de réflexions et d’éclaircissements sur le craquant comme caractéristique alimentaire, culinaire et culturelle. Le craquant semble essentiellement reposer sur une structure binaire, souvent dichotomiste, opposant le craquant au mou, le croquant au doux et par la même le masculin au féminin, voire le croustillant moderne et décadent des chips à la sécurisante douceur culturelle des pommes de terres à l’eau.Runar Døving is an anthropologist who has been working for many years on food habits in Norway. In this paper he answers questions about the value that crunchy and crispy food may have in Norwegian food culture. The text links questions and answers together in a way that presents thoughts and perspectives about the culinary and cultural aspects of the crunchy and the crispy. The crunchy seems to be built on a dual structure based on the many oppositions between the crunchy and the soft, the crispy and the mushy, which actually remind one of masculine and feminine, and even the modern decadent aspects of potato crisps that contrasts with the secure smoothness of boiled potatoes.

  18. CIHEAM, Mediterra 2014. Logistique et commerce agro-alimentaires, un défi pour la Méditerranée

    OpenAIRE

    Rollet, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Les auteurs de l’ouvrage illustrent la nécessité de la création d’une communauté logistique agro-alimentaire euro-méditerranéenne face à un marché mondial, somme de micromarchés reliés par des infrastructures logistiques. L’opérationnalisation de cette Euro-Méditerranée passe par l’ambition de développer un réseau de plates-formes logistiques et d’améliorer ainsi le fonctionnement de la chaîne d’approvisionnement alimentaire. Les 74 auteurs réunis dans cet ouvrage appartiennent à des domaine...

  19. Barquettes agro-sourcées à base de sous-produits des industries agro-alimentaires : Projet FP7 EcoBioCAP

    OpenAIRE

    Angellier-Coussy, Hélène; Guillard, Valérie; Buche, Patrice; Gontard, Nathalie

    2017-01-01

    Recycler des résidus agro-alimentaires pour la production d’une nouvelle génération d’emballages alimentaires biodégradables est le défi relevé par l’UMR IATE dans le cadre du projet européen EcoBioCAP coordonné par N. Gontard, et rassemblant 16 partenaires académiques et privés de France, Suède, Italie, Portugal, Irlande, Espagne, Hongrie et Allemagne. Cette nouvelle génération d’emballages est destinée à remplacer les plastiques d’origine pétrochimique. Les matériaux développ...

  20. La crise de la filière cotonnière et sécurité alimentaire au Nord ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mars 2014 ... Dans ce contexte, la sécurité alimentaire reste très précaire et des risques de famines sont permanents, ceci est dû au fait que ..... entre les producteurs et les sociétés cotonnières en liaison avec des erreurs de gestion .... financiers pour acquérir les intrants au comptant. Une infirme partie des producteurs ...

  1. Améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition grâce à la recherche ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 oct. 2016 ... Pour optimiser les répercussions des solutions éprouvées, le programme a cherché à renseigner et à mobiliser des responsables des politiques tant au ... Découvrez comment le CRDI appuie la recherche pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire grâce à notre FCRSAI et à nos partenariats avec CultivAf.

  2. Activité antérieure – Assurer la sécurité alimentaire grâce à la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 avr. 2016 ... Cette séance a également permis d'aborder la nécessité de projets transfrontaliers, de corridors commerciaux et de production alimentaire, et de mécanismes visant à stocker, à transporter, à transformer et à exporter les aliments. K S Murali, administrateur de programme principal au CRDI, a animé cette ...

  3. L’analyse du risque alimentaire : quels principes, quels modèles, quelles organisations pour demain ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chevassus-au-Louis Bernard

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Jusqu’à une époque récente, les structures d’expertise des pays développés ont réalisé leur travail d’analyse du risque sanitaire des aliments selon un modèle « standard », élaboré pour l’analyse d’autres risques technologiques et dont nous rappellerons tout d’abord les caractéristiques et les principales options. Depuis le début des années 80, l’observation d’un certain nombre de dysfonctionnements dans la chaîne de l’alimentation a suscité dans l’opinion publique de plusieurs pays un scepticisme croissant sur la valeur de ce modèle. Le principe de précaution a donc été proposé comme un nouveau fil conducteur pour améliorer l’analyse du risque alimentaire. Nous en présenterons tout d’abord les conséquences sur la gestion du risque, en nous basant sur la définition « proportionnée » du principe de précaution qui émerge actuellement en Europe. Nous remonterons ensuite au niveau de l’évaluation des risques, pour montrer comment les nouvelles demandes des gestionnaires pour une bonne application du principe de précaution ont des conséquences importantes sur la démarche d’évaluation elle-même. Enfin, nous interrogerons la vision « standard » de la communication du risque, conçue comme la dernière phase du processus d’analyse de risque. Nous montrerons en quoi une contribution active de représentants de la société civile dès les phases d’évaluation et de gestion peut permettre à la fois d’améliorer la qualité et l’acceptabilité de l’analyse de risque. L’application du principe de précaution a donc des conséquences non pas sur une seule mais sur les trois phases de l’analyse du risque. L’ensemble de ces modifications permet de proposer un modèle alternatif, dit « constructiviste », qui, dans le cas du risque alimentaire, peut contribuer à une meilleure acceptabilité par la société des rares, mais inévitables, dysfonctionnements de la production de

  4. Le transfert des micropolluants organiques dans la chaîne alimentaire Etat et perspectives de recherche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feidt Cyril

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Les hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques ont récemment défrayé la chronique à plusieurs reprises. Cet article se propose de faire le point sur les propriétés de ces molécules en vue de donner un aperçu des voies pour la recherche d’outils d’évaluation et de gestion des risques liés à ces molécules. De nombreuses molécules peuvent prétendre appartenir à cette famille. Nous traiterons de celles les plus communément impliquées dans les problèmes de sécurité alimentaire, à savoir la famille des dioxines-furanes ou polychloro-dibenzo-paradioxines/furanes (PCDD/F, celle des composés polychlorés biphényles (PCB et enfin celle des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques (HAP que nous réserverons dans ce texte aux composés non chlorés.

  5. OGM ET DEBAT PUBLIC OGM : avancée ou recul de la sécurité alimentaire ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bourgeois Lucien

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Les nouvelles technologies de manipulation génétique ont été présentées par certaines entreprises comme une opportunité pour l’humanité d’en finir avec la malnutrition, grâce au développement de la production agricole que cela pouvait entraîner. Le débat qui s’en est suivi n’est pas le fruit de résistances archaïques de nos sociétés au « progrès » mais offre une nouvelle fois l’occasion de rappeler des réalités incontournables sur la politique agricole. Premièrement, la priorité encore aujourd’hui reste pour chaque pays d’assurer à la population une sécurité alimentaire aussi bien sur le plan quantitatif que qualitatif sans attendre son salut des importations en provenance des pays les plus compétitifs. Deuxièmement, les agriculteurs ne peuvent utiliser les techniques disponibles que dans un contexte économique et politique favorable. Troisièmement, le patrimoine génétique de l’humanité était jusqu’à maintenant un bien collectif. Il serait dangereux qu’il soit désormais privatisé.

  6. Les cultures de soudure comme stratégie de lutte contre l'insécurité alimentaire saisonnière en Afrique de l'Ouest : le cas du fonio ( Digitaria exilis Stapf)

    OpenAIRE

    Vall, Eric; Andrieu, Nadine; Béavogui, Famoï; Sogodogo, Diakalia

    2011-01-01

    En Afrique subsaharienne la population est exposée à différentes formes d'insécurité alimentaire. Pour lutter contre l'insécurité alimentaire saisonnière les producteurs mobilisent différentes stratégies. Le fonio, Digitaria exilis Stapf, est une céréale traditionnelle endémique d'Afrique de l'Ouest qui est peu étudiée. Son maintien dans les systèmes de production peut être lié à son rôle face à l'insécurité alimentaire saisonnière. L'objectif de l'article est d'explorer cette hypothèse. L'ét...

  7. Tendance de marché en France sur la présence des protéines végétales dans les produits alimentaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estève-Saillard Morgane

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte actuel est favorable à l’utilisation croissante des protéines végétales dans les produits alimentaires : préoccupations sanitaires et environnementales, développement du flexitarisme et dans une moindre mesure du végétarisme, inscriptions des protéines végétales dans les secteurs de recherche stratégiques pour la France...Le bilan de référencement du GEPV, Groupe d’Étude et de Promotion des Protéines Végétales, fait le point tous les deux ans sur la présence des protéines végétales dans les produits alimentaires commercialisés en France. Les résultats du dernier bilan montrent la nette progression de l’utilisation de protéines végétales dans tous les rayons alimentaires, en progression constante depuis plusieurs années. Le blé reste la source largement majoritaire, suivi par le soja. Des spécificités se dégagent dans l’utilisation des ingrédients protéiques végétaux; par exemple les protéines de pois et de soja sont principalement utilisées pour les produits carnés alors que le gluten et la féverole sont surtout utilisés pour les produits de panification. De nouvelles utilisations des sources protéiques voient également le jour et feront l’objet d’un suivi du GEPV, comme les microalgues ou les mycoprotéines.

  8. Sécurité alimentaire et changement climatique : une lecture géopolitique des crises africaines et de leurs conséquences

    OpenAIRE

    Janin, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    National audience; La crise alimentaire de 2008 a profondément modifié la manière dont on perçoit les risques (plus systémiques, plus globaux, moins territorialisés). Elle a également renouvelé les enjeux et les controverses autour de la production agricole et des transferts géographiques comme économiques. Parallèlement, la multiplication des déclarations expertes sur le changement climatique interpelle fortement les sociétés et les gouvernants. Pour autant, le lien entre changement climatiq...

  9. Tensions, arrangements et ambivalences alimentaires dans le couple mixte Tensions, arrangements and food ambivalence among mixed couples : French men married in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fong-Ming Yang

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir d’une enquête effectuée en milieu urbain taiwanais auprès de neuf Français(es ayant migré à Taiwan et marié(es avec des Taiwanais(es, l’auteur propose de réfléchir à la question des pratiques alimentaires en situation de mixité conjugale. Il fait l’hypothèse que ces pratiques alimentaires doivent être observées et s’apprécier en fonction des différents repas et moments alimentaires: petit-déjeuner, déjeuner, nourritures de rue, dîner conjugal, repas dans la belle famille. Ces situations sont riches d’ambivalences : attachement aux habitudes mais aussi passage du dégoût au goût ou bien de la méfiance à la curiosité, double appréciation pour la nourriture dont la présentation n’est pas estimée de la même façon que les produits eux-mêmes, efforts pour accepter les manières de table dans le cadre d’un rapport de force social et/ou affectif, enfin ‘‘oubli’’ de la question alimentaire au profit du lien social qu’il produit.From an investigation made in urban zones with nine male and female French people having migrated to Taiwan and married with Taiwaneses, the author studies the issue of food tensions in situation of mixed couples. He presents the hypothesis that these tensions vary according to food grips: breakfast, lunch, street foods, conjugal dinner, meals with allies. Such food tensions provoke varied practices and judgments: attachment to habits but also the passage of disgust to appreciation, distrust regarding curiosity, double appreciation for food displayed which is not esteemed in the same way as the products themselves, efforts to accept table manners within the framework of a social or emotional balance of power, finally ‘‘forgetting’’ the issue for the benefit of the social link which it produces.

  10. Crédibilité et flexibilité de la certification dans un contexte de globalisation et de crises alimentaires: le cas de l'Agriculture biologique

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvander, Bertil

    2003-01-01

    On s’accorde à reconnaître que les normes – obligatoires ou volontaires - jouent un rôle croissant dans la constitution et l’organisation des marchés contemporains. Si a certification joue son rôle dans cette évolution de fond, elle remplit également – de par sa flexibilité - une fonction d’adaptation et d’anticipation aux changements liées à l’incertitude de la globalisation et des crises alimentaires. Cet article analyse les critères d’efficacité de la certification et les replace dans une ...

  11. Canada Among Nations 2014. Crisis and Reform: Canada and the ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 mai 2014 ... This 28th edition of the Canada Among Nations series examines the 2008 global financial crisis, its impact on Canada, and the country's historic and current role in the international financial system.

  12. CORPS GRAS ET OBESITE Acides gras alimentaires et obésité : aspects qualitatifs et quantitatifs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raclot Thierry

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Les triacylglycérols (TAG adipocytaires représentent la principale forme de stockage des acides gras. Les TAG contiennent un mélange complexe d’acides gras qui diffèrent très nettement par leur structure moléculaire. En effet, les TAG adipocytaires contiennent un vaste spectre d’acides gras, allant en longueur de chaîne de 12 à 24 atomes de carbone et en insaturation de 0 à 6 doubles liaisons [1]. La nature des acides gras stockés dans le tissu adipeux dépend principalement de la composition en acides gras de l’alimentation [2, 3]. Le contrôle des acides gras et notamment des acides gras polyinsaturés (AGPI stockés dans le tissu adipeux est encore assez peu compris. Si la composition en acides gras des TAG adipocytaires reflète largement celle de l’alimentation, elle ne la suit pas précisément [3]. Ainsi, la proportion en AGPI dans le tissu adipeux est systématiquement plus faible que celle du régime [2]. Une incorporation et une mobilisation sélectives de certains acides gras pourraient en partie expliquer ces observations. En effet, les AGPI sont globalement faiblement incorporés et assez facilement mobilisés. Nous n’aborderons pas ici la sélectivité du métabolisme adipocytaire des acides gras que nous avons précédemment rapportée à nos lecteurs (ocl, 5 : 199-205. Dans le cadre de cette revue, nous centrerons notre propos sur les relations entres acides gras alimentaires, développement du tissu adipeux et régulation de l’expression de gènes hépatiques et adipocytaires.

  13. Canada Among Nations 2014. Crisis and Reform: Canada and the ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2014-05-28

    May 28, 2014 ... ​This 28th edition of the Canada Among Nations series examines the 2008 global financial crisis, its impact on Canada, and the country's historic and current role in the international financial system. Published by the Centre for International Governance Innovation, Crisis and Reform: Canada and the ...

  14. Indian Arts in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tawow, 1974

    1974-01-01

    A recent publication, "Indian Arts in Canada", examines some of the forces, both past and present, which are not only affecting American Indian artists today, but which will also profoundly influence their future. The review presents a few of the illustrations used in the book, along with the Introduction and the Foreword. (KM)

  15. Suicide in Canada

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Leenaars, Antoon A

    1998-01-01

    ... provides long-awaited information that focuses specifically on Canada. It addresses suicide as a multidimensional problem with biological, psychological, cultural, sociological, personal, and philosophical aspects. The contributions integrate both critical analysis and personal experience. There are accounts from Inuit elders, fr...

  16. The butterflies of Canada

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Layberry, Ross A; Hall, Peter W; Lafontaine, J. Donald

    1998-01-01

    ... for the close to three hundred butterfly species recorded in Canada, including descriptions of early stages, subspecies, and key features that help distinguish similar species. Each species of butterfly has an individual distribution map, generated from a database of more than 90,000 location records. More than just a field guide to identifying Canadian butterfli...

  17. Acid precipitation in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    P. W. Summers; D. M. Whelpdale

    1976-01-01

    The total annual emissions of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides in Canada are estimated to be 7.2 x 106 tons and 1.4 x 106 tons, respectively. These figures represent 5% and 2%, respectively, of the estimated worldwide anthropogenic emissions. Nearly two-thirds of the Canadian SO2 emissions come from...

  18. La banque de données de l'Institut Français du Pétrole sur les déversements accidentels de pétrole en mer (1955-1980. Nouveaux résultats The Institute Français du Pétrole Databank on Accidental Oil Spills At Sea (1955-1980. New Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand A. R. V.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available La banque de données de l'Institut Français du Pétrole contient maintenant 621 cas d'accidents principaux survenus du ler janvier 1955 à fin août 1980 dont 481 arrivés à des tankers. Un nouveau traitement de cette banque améliorée, joint à des statistiques extérieures plus précises, a permis de mieux cerner certaines corrélations et en particulier celle entre le vieillissement de la flotte des petits tankers et la fréquence d'accidents survenus à cette catégorie de navires. The IFP databank now contains 621 principal accidents occurring between 1 January 1955 and 31 August 1980, including 481 tanker accidents. Further work with this improved databank coupled with more accurate outside statistics have made it possible to bring out various correlations more clearly, and especially the correlation between the aging of the small-tanker fleet and the frequency of accidents occurring to this category of ship.

  19. Midwifery education in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Michelle M; Hutton, Eileen K; McNiven, Patricia S

    2016-02-01

    This article is part of a special series on midwifery education and describes the approach to midwifery education in Canada We begin with an overview of the model of midwifery practice introduced in Canada in the 1990s. We describe the model of midwifery education developed and report how it is implemented, with particular attention to the two longest established programs. Midwifery education programs in Ontario and British Columbia. Midwifery education programs in Canada are offered at the undergraduate baccalaureate level at universities and are typically four years in length. Programs are competence-based and follow a spiral curriculum. The first semesters focus on on core sciences, social sciences and introduction to midwifery concepts. Students spend fifty percent of the program in clinical practices with community-based midwives. Innovative education models enable students to be placed in distant placements and help to align theoretical and practice components. Clinically active faculty adds to the credibility of teaching but bring its own challenges for midwifery educators. The Canadian model of midwifery education has been very effective with low attrition rates and high demand for the number of places available. Further program expansion is warranted but is contingent on the growth of clinical placements. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Troubles des conduites alimentaires et tempérament cyclothymique: étude transversale à propos de 107 étudiants Tunisiens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaweher, Masmoudi; Sonda, Trabelsi; Uta, Ouali; Inès, Feki; Rim, Sallemi; Imene, Baati; Abdelaziz, Jaoua

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Les objectifs de notre étude ont été d'estimer la prévalence des troubles des conduites alimentaires (TCA) chez les jeunes tunisiens et étudier la relation entre le tempérament cyclothymique et les TCA. Méthodes Nous avons ainsi mené une étude transversale descriptive et analytique. Elle a concerné 107 étudiants de l'Institut de Presse et des Sciences de l'Information de la Manouba, Tunisie. Pour l’évaluation des TCA, nous avons procédé par la passation de l'auto questionnaire EAT 40, dans sa version validée en Tunisie. C'est l'outil le plus utilisé pour le dépistage des TCA dans le monde. Pour l’évaluation du tempérament cyclothymique, nous avons utilisé le TEMPS A dans sa version arabe validée. Une fiche épidémiologique associée a permis de recueillir quelques facteurs sociodémographiques et hygiéno-diététiques. Résultats La prévalence des troubles de conduites alimentaires a été de 24,3%. Le pourcentage des étudiants ayant un score de tempérament cyclothymique ≥14 a été de 37,4%. Une association a été trouvée entre les troubles de conduites alimentaires et le tempérament affectif cyclothymique que ce soit selon l'approche dimensionnelle (p=0,005) ou selon celle catégorielle (p=0,046). Le tempérament cyclothymique multiplie par deux le risque de développer un TCA chez les étudiants de sexe féminin (p=0,04). Conclusion Es TCA sont fréquents chez nos étudiants particulièrement de sexe féminin. De plus, la présence d'un tempérament cyclothymique associé permettrait de suspecter doublement une appartenance au spectre bipolaire et devrait conduire à une attention particulière de la part du clinicien pour définir au mieux les stratégies thérapeutiques. PMID:25404977

  1. Canada Among Nations 2013, Canada-Africa Relations: Looking ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    19 août 2013 ... Depuis 1984, la collection Canada Among Nations invite d'éminents chercheurs et praticiens du Canada et de l'étranger à évaluer ensemble la politique étrangère du Canada. Préparé par la Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) de l'Université Carleton, le numéro de 2013 est le premier ...

  2. Quelle communication possible sur le cholestérol pour des produits alimentaires : points sur les évolutions réglementaires en Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonneau Camille

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available L’étiquetage et les allégations possibles pour les produits alimentaires ont fait l’objet de nombreuses évolutions en Europe depuis moins d’une dizaine d’années. Concernant la question du cholestérol, on peut noter tout d’abord que les attentes consommateurs ont naturellement évolué, en lien avec les différents messages de santé publique et les modifications du discours ambiant. Le contexte réglementaire s’est également considérablement contraint, en ouvrant cependant la possibilité à de nouveaux produits pour communiquer sur le cholestérol, sous réserve de respecter les conditions d’emploi de ces mentions et de composition des produits.

  3. Transnational surrogacy: Canada's contradictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozanski, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    Transnational commercial surrogacy represents a form of medical tourism undertaken by intended parents who seek to hire women in other countries, increasingly often in the global South, as surrogates. While much of the scholarly literature focuses on the conditions of surrogacy within host countries, such as India, there has been limited analysis of transnational surrogacy focused upon origin countries. In this article, I build upon the scholarship that explores the impact of host country structures on transnational surrogacy, with special attention to the significance of Canadian citizenship policy through analysis of legislation and policy vis-à-vis transnational commercial surrogacy. The Canadian case demonstrates clear contradictions between the legislation and policy that is enacted domestically to prohibit commercial surrogacy within Canada and legislation and policy that implicitly sanctions commercial surrogacy through the straightforward provision of citizenship for children born of such arrangements abroad. The ethical underpinnings of Canada's domestic prohibition of commercial surrogacy, which is presumed to exploit women and children and to impede gender equality, are violated in Canada's bureaucratic willingness to accept children born of transnational commercial surrogacy as citizens. Thus, the ethical discourses apply only to Canadian citizens within Canadian geography. The failure of the Canadian government to hold Canadian citizens who participate in transnational commercial surrogacy to the normative imperatives that prohibit the practice within the country, or to undertake a more nuanced, and necessarily controversial, discussion of commercial surrogacy reinforces transnational disparities in terms of whose bodies may be commodified as a measure of gendered inequality. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Canada's population is aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Jennifer; Samis, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Canada's population is aging, and the authors of this issue's lead article, Neena Chappell and Marcus Hollander, present a policy prescription for how to design a healthcare system that better responds to needs of older Canadians. The timing of this issue of Healthcare Papers is important: the first of the baby boomers turned 65 in January 2011. There is a pressing need to develop policies and implement sustainable reforms that will allow older adults to stay healthier and maintain their independence longer in their place of choice, while also creating efficiencies and quality improvements in our overall healthcare system that will benefit Canadians of all ages.

  5. Radiation Protection in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, P. M.

    1964-01-01

    The current status of radiation protection in Canada is discussed in the last of a three-part series. Particular emphasis has been placed on the role of the Radiation Protection Division of the Department of National Health and Welfare. A radioactive fallout study program has been established involving the systematic collection of air and precipitation samples from 24 locations, soil samples from 23 locations, fresh-milk samples from 16 locations, wheat samples from nine areas and human-bone specimens from various hospitals throughout Canada. A whole-body-counting facility and a special study of fallout in Northern areas have also been initiated. For any age group, the highest average strontium-90 concentration in human bone so far reported has been less than four picocuries per gram of calcium compared with the maximum permissible level of 67 derived from the International Committee on Radiation Protection (ICRP) recommendations. By the end of 1963 a general downward trend of levels of radioactivity detected in other parts of the program has been observed. Programs to assess the contribution to the radiation exposure of members of the population from medical x-rays, nuclear reactor operations and natural background-radiation sources have also been described. The annual genetically significant dose from diagnostic x-ray examinations in Canadian public hospitals has been estimated to be 25.8 mrem. Results from the reactor-environment monitoring programs have not suggested the presence of radioactivity beyond that contributed from fallout. PMID:14143681

  6. Les comportements alimentaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabbagh Claire

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Although public policies have for many years spearheaded information campaigns about how eating affects health, rising obesity rates show that the expected effects have yet to be achieved. Why consumers do not practically comply with nutritional recommendations? This question lead the ministry in charge of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries to require in 2010 an updated state of knowledge for peer-reviewed literature and to commission INRA to undertake a collective scientific expertise on dietary behaviours. The aim was to investigate the multiple determinants of behaviours and how behaviours form and change in individuals according to social class and age, but also collectively over a long period of time. The expertise reports that the consumer is subjected to different environmental stimuli which can bias opinion and that dietary behavior can be affected by information strategies combining different tools and targeting individuals or specific groups. This article sets out the conclusions of the expertise report which draws on nearly 1,600 scientific articles from around the world and was prepared by some twenty experts from fields as diverse as epidemiology, nutrition, sociology and economics.

  7. Ressources alimentaires non conventionnelles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malaisse, F.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Unconventional Food Resources. Concepts of ethnobotany, ethnozoology and ethnoecology are defined and their respective development recounted. The geographic frame is afterwards specified: Tropical Africa. Diversity of wild edible vegetable products is illustrated by some examples: cyanobacteria from Chad, mushroom consumption in the Zambezian region and pteridophagy. Upper plants are approached according to six ensembles, namely starchy fruits and seeds, oilseeds and nuts, fleshy fruits, reserve organs, flowers and vegetable species. After recalling the diversity of insects eating at world scale, four orders are briefly presented: coleoptera, isoptera (termites, lepidoptera (mainly caterpillars or campeophagy and orthoptera. Finally the nutritional input of unconventional foods is underlined as well as the urgent need of their further studies.

  8. OECD Economic Surveys: Canada 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Canada weathered the global economic crisis well, mainly reflecting sustained growth in domestic pending, and the economy is continuing to grow despite the persistence of international turbulence, most recently stemming from the euro zone sovereign debt crisis. In Canada's case, several factors are acting in its favour. Federal fiscal plans are…

  9. Canada-U.S. Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    61 Access to Medicines ...and Mexico . Canada claims the rule is a non-tariff barrier that has led to a steep drop in beef and hog shipments to U.S. processors...concern about trade in pirated and counterfeit goods in Canada, as well as weak enforcement and relatively lax penalties

  10. Carence alimentaire en DL-méthionine chez le porc : la redistribution de l’énergie vers la synthèse lipidique s’accompagne d’une modification de l’activité anti-oxydante

    OpenAIRE

    Castellano, Rosa; Perruchot, Marie-Hélène; Conde-Aguilera, Jose Alberto; Van Milgen, Jacob; Collin, Anne; Tesseraud, Sophie; Mercier, Yves; Gondret, Florence

    2015-01-01

    La méthionine (Met) est le deuxième ou troisième acide aminé (AA) limitant la croissance chez le porc. Une carence alimentaire en Met réduit le dépôt protéique, mais ses répercussions sur d’autres caractéristiques animales et certains métabolismes sont moins connues. Cette étude vise à déterminer les effets d’une forte carence alimentaire en Met sur le métabolisme lipidique et le statut antioxydant. Des porcs (n = 6 par groupe) ont été alimentés à partir de 42 jours d’âge (9,8 kg de poids vif...

  11. Compte rendu de lecture Histoire des innovations alimentaires XIXème et XXème siècles sous la direction d’Alain Drouard et Jean-Pierre Williot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Montagne

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce recueil d’interventions du premier colloque du Centre de recherche en histoire de l’innovation (3-4 décembre 2002, Université Paris-Sorbonne met en avant la pluridisciplinarité des regards sur l’innovation alimentaire. En effet, les 18 contributions présentées, sont celles d’historiens et d’anthropologues mais également d’ingénieurs acteurs de l’innovation.Les auteurs se sont interrogés successivement sur les procédés et processus de l’innovation alimentaire, sur les causes de leur succès...

  12. Social Structures and the Occupational Composition of Skilled Worker Immigrants to Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dryburgh, Heather

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available EnglishThe individual decision to immigrate is made in the context of larger socialstructures that influence the composition of the economic immigrant populationover time. Over the last 20 years, economic immigrants to Canada have facedchanging selection policies, cycles of economic recession and growth, increaseddemand for information technology skills, women's increased labour forceparticipation and an aging labour force. Using data from Statistics Canada'sLongitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB, this paper examines the flow ofeconomic immigrants to Canada by their occupational composition from 1980 to2000. Relative to Canadians, when all immigrants from this period are groupedtogether, their economic integration is slow and does not reach parity withCanadians before 16 years. Among skilled worker immigrants, whereas theearlier cohorts did well but did not improve much over time, later cohorts startedoff in a relatively worse position, but early indications show a fairly steep slopeto better relative average earnings. These differences support the need toexamine immigrant integration by both the class of immigrant and the context atthe time of immigration.FrenchLa décision d’immigrer est une décision personnelle prise dans le plus largecontexte des structures sociales qui, à leur tour, exercent une influence sur lacomposition de la population immigrante selon les époques. Pendant les vingtannées dernières, les immigrants économiques au Canada ont dû faire face à deschangements de polices de sélection, à des cycles de récession et de croissanceéconomique, à une demande accrue des techniques d’informatiques, à laparticipation accrue des femmes dans la population active et à une populationactive plus âgée. En s’appuyant sur les données de la Banque de donnéeslongitudinales sur les immigrants (BDIM, cet article examine le fluxd’immigrants économiques au Canada entre 1980 et 2000, selon la compositionde leurs m

  13. Effet-dose de l’acide oléique alimentaire. Cet acide est-il conditionnellement essentiel ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bourre Jean-Marie

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans un travail précédent [1] nous avons montré que, globalement, au terme de la période de gestation-lactation chez des rats de 21 jours, la carence alimentaire en acide oléique entraîne une diminution de la concentration en 18:1(n-9; la synthèse endogène ne compense donc pas l’absence d’acide oléique dans les aliments. Afin de déterminer exactement l’effet de la présence et de la concentration de l’acide oléique dans l’alimentation sur la composition en acides gras de divers organes, les huiles végétales commerciales n’étant pas utilisables (car contenant toujours de l’acide oléique, des triglycérides ont été synthétisés par voie chimique et enzymologique; ils ont été formés soit d’acide oléique, soit d’acide alpha-linolénique, soit d’acide linoléique. La détermination de l’effet-dose a été réalisée avec un protocole expérimental portant sur 7 groupes de rats ayant reçu chacun des aliments de composition identique (en particulier au niveau des acides gras indispensables : les acides linoléique et alpha-linolénique mais dont la teneur, variable, en acide oléique était située entre 0 et 6 000 mg pour 100 g d’aliments. Les rates ont été nourries avec les régimes à partir de 2 semaines avant l’accouplement, leurs portées ont été sacrifiées soit à 21, soit à 60 jours. Quand la teneur de l’acide oléique augmente dans les aliments, les principales modifications observées chez les animaux de 21 jours sont les suivantes.– Concernant le 18:1(n-9 : dans le foie, le muscle, le coeur, les reins et les testicules, sa concentration constante (le plateau de la courbe est atteinte aux environs de 4 g d’acide oléique pour 100 g d’alimentation. En deçà de cette dose, la réponse est croissante. Dans le cerveau, la myéline et les terminaisons nerveuses (mais non le nerf sciatique, la teneur en acide oléique reste optimale et constante.– La concentration du 16:1(n-7 diminue

  14. Sens et enjeux d’un interdit alimentaire dans le judaïsme Food taboos in Judaism: the example of Ashkenazi Jews in London

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Faure

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur la manière dont la prohibition de mêler nourritures lactées et carnées dans le judaïsme se matérialise par les objets de la cuisine et leurs usages quotidiens, à partir d’une recherche réalisée à Londres auprès de couples juifs ashkénazes qui se définissent presque tous comme orthodoxes (modern orthodox et dont la scolarisation dans des écoles juives a parfois pu contribuer à revivifier les pratiques religieuses. Par delà la diversité des habitudes culinaires et de leurs formes (ex : végétarisme, par delà les éventuelles variations individuelles de l’observance religieuse au cours du cycle de vie, l’interdit alimentaire de mêler lait et viande est respecté par l’ensemble des personnes rencontrées. Il s’agit alors d’en comprendre le sens et la portée. Les conséquences matérielles de cet interdit alimentaire permettent de saisir l’importance de la religion dans le logement et les activités de tous les jours. Elles conduisent à articuler le plan matériel et le plan symbolique en suggérant une interprétation anthropologique de cette prohibition, en lien avec les écrits bibliques et les analyses déjà menées sur le sujet.This article is based upon research on Ashkenazi Jewish families living in London. It deals with the way, in Judaïsm, the prohibition of eating meat and dairy foods together is materialised through the use of kitchen utensils on a day to day basis. Material consequences of this dietary law allow us to understand the importance of religion in the Jewish home and in everyday life. Consequences which lead to the linking of material uses and their symbolic significance by suggesting an anthropological interpretation of this dietary law in accordance with Biblical writings.

  15. Canada-U.S. Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    stopped, in traversing the two countries’ 5,500- mile border. About 70% of U.S.-Canada merchandise trade crosses the border by truck; many of these...concern about trade in pirated and counterfeit goods in Canada, as well as weak enforcement and relatively lax penalties...pirated and counterfeit goods by customs agents without a court order. The government introduced a new Copyright Modernization Act (C-32) in June 2010

  16. Canada and the green economy

    OpenAIRE

    Kuszewski, Judy; Crowther, Yasmin

    2012-01-01

    Canada has a complex relationship with the global efforts to move to a green economy. Its policymakers and business leaders need to balance the country’s vast natural resources and the economic growth that they can foster, with the need to develop in a low-carbon, resource-efficient and socially inclusive manner. This report explores what the green economy means to Canada, with a particular focus on Canadian companies and the accountancy profession. Publisher PDF

  17. Canada Among Nations 2013, Canada-Africa Relations : Looking ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    expansion la plus rapide dans le monde et un virage vers une bonne ... Le CRDI, l'Israel Science Foundation, la Fondation Azrieli et les Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada annoncent l'appel de propositions pour la ...

  18. Contribution des laits de croissance et des compléments à l’adéquation nutritionnelle de régimes alimentaires d’enfants en bas âge. [Role of Young Child Formulae and Supplements to Ensure Nutritional Adequacy in Young Children [1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chloé M.C. BROUZES

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. L’autorité européenne de sécurité des aliments (AESA assure que les laits de croissance « n’apportent pas de valeur supplémentaire à une alimentation équilibrée pour répondre aux besoins nutritionnels des enfants en bas âge ». Objectifs. Cette étude quantifie les modifications alimentaires minimales nécessaires pour atteindre l’adéquation nutritionnelle chez des enfants en bas âge selon leur consommation ou non de laits de croissance et/ou de compléments. Méthodologie. L’application de modèles de programmation linéaire aux données de l’enquête alimentaire nationale au Royaume Uni sur les consommations alimentaires de 1147 enfants de 12-18 mois a permis d’identifier les modifications alimentaires minimales nécessaires, d’abord en changeant uniquement les quantités des aliments déjà consommés par chaque enfant (répertoire alimentaire, puis en autorisant l’introduction de nouveaux aliments. Résultats. Le groupe d’enfants ne consommant ni laits de croissance ni compléments était majoritaire (61,6 %. Pour seulement 1% de ces enfants, il était possible d’atteindre l’adéquation nutritionnelle à partir des aliments de leur répertoire alimentaire, contre 74,4% des enfants du groupe consommant des laits de croissance et des compléments. Lorsque l’introduction de nouveaux aliments était autorisée, les changements alimentaires requis étaient moindres lorsque les laits de croissance et les compléments faisaient initialement partie du répertoire de l’enfant. Dans l’échantillon total, les principales modifications alimentaires requises étaient une augmentation du lait de croissance et une diminution du lait de vache (respectivement +226 et −181 g/jour. Conclusions. Augmenter la consommation de lait de croissance et/ou des compléments constitue la voie la plus simple de couverture des recommandations nutritionnelles de l’AESA.

  19. Promotion de l'agriculture vivrière et croissance économique de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    autosuffisance alimentaire et établit dans quelle mesure, hormis l'économie cacaoyère, la promotion de l'agriculture vivrière peut constituer le moteur de la croissance économique de la Côte d'Ivoire. Les données utilisées proviennent de la Banque ...

  20. Survey of recreational fishing in Canada, 2005

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    The 2005 Survey of Recreational Fishing in Canada collected information about recreational fishing activities to assess the economic and social importance of recreational fisheries to Canada's provinces and territories...

  1. A National Palliative Care Strategy for Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Morrison, R. Sean

    2017-01-01

    Objective: To identify barrier to achieving universal access to high quality palliative care in Canada, review published national strategies and frameworks to promote palliative care, examine key aspects that have been linked to successful outcomes, and make recommendations for Canada.

  2. Systèmes de culture, habitudes alimentaires et durabilité des agrosystèmes forestiers en Afrique (Guinée, Cameroun) : une approche géoagronomique

    OpenAIRE

    Camara, Aboubacar Ahmadou; Dugué, Patrick; Kalms, Jean-Marie; Soulard, Christophe-Toussaint

    2010-01-01

    Le constat de la dégradation rapide des écosystèmes forestiers d'Afrique subsaharienne évoque la croissance démographique comme étant la cause principale. Cette communication présente l'analyse comparative des dynamiques spatio-temporelles de deux régions forestières humides d'Afrique de l'Ouest (Guinée Forestière) et d'Afrique Centrale (Centre-Sud Cameroun). Elle montre que le choix des systèmes de culture, notamment vivriers, (et donc les habitudes alimentaires locales) peut expliquer la di...

  3. Building better health care leadership for Canada: implementing evidence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Denis, Jean-Louis; Sullivan, Terrence James

    2011-01-01

    ... of the Government of Canada through the Canada Book Fund for our publishing activities. Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication Building better health care leadership for Canada: imple...

  4. canada's “thousand talent program”i: how canada research chair ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-10-24

    Oct 24, 2013 ... richer explanation of brain circulation, using the case study of Chinese holders of Canada Research Chairs. (CRC). Canada suffered brain drain in the 1990s, in particular to the United States. The Canada. Research Chair Program (CRCP), launched in 2000 by the Government of Canada, signalled the ...

  5. LA COMMUNICATION SANTE : NOUVEL ENJEU DE LA CONSOMMATION ALIMENTAIRE Contexte réglementaire et statut juridique des aliments santé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coutrelis Nicole

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available À la frontière de l’aliment et du médicament, les « aliments santé » sont aujourd’hui au centre de toutes les attentions - et de toutes les interrogations - du secteur de l’agroalimentaire. La notion n’étant pas définie par la loi et le vocabulaire utilisé variant d’un ouvrage ou d’un auteur à l’autre, la matière est difficilement et diversement appréhendée par les professionnels et les consommateurs. Aussi, afin d’assurer à la présente étude la cohérence nécessaire à la compréhension du sujet, lui-même fort complexe, on privilégiera une définition large (et nécessairement subjective de la notion d’aliments santé 1. Dès lors, celle-ci recouvrira : - les aliments traditionnels comportant des allégations faisant un lien, quel qu’il soit, avec la santé ; - les aliments dits « fonctionnels » ; - les aliments traditionnels supplémentés; - l’alimentation particulière; - les compléments alimentaires. Tels que définis, les aliments santé sont soumis à un régime juridique au centre d’un prisme composé de nombreuses réglementations, communautaires et françaises, relatives aux denrées alimentaires et aux médicaments. La multiplicité de ces réglementations ne va pas sans difficulté, leur mise en oeuvre manquant parfois de la cohérence qui serait nécessaire à la sécurité juridique. Essentiellement centrée sur l’information et la protection du consommateur, la réglementation actuellement applicable en France est à la fois générale et spécifique. Générale en ce sens que les règles relatives à la sécurité des produits 2, l’étiquetage et la présentation 3, et en matière de responsabilité civile 4 sont applicables aux aliments santé comme à tout autre produit. Spécifique dans la mesure où des textes plus précis concernent plus directement et/ou exclusivement les aliments santé. En synthétisant à l’extrême les règles applicables à la matière, l

  6. Efficience des politiques de l’Etat pour une sécurité alimentaire en blé tendre au Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kawtar Rerhrhaye

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif visé par cet article est d’analyser, d’une part, le taux de couverture des besoins de consommation en blé tendre par la production nationale et, d’autre part, le coût d’intervention de l’Etat sur l’ensemble de la filière depuis le lancement du Plan Maroc Vert. La finalité recherchée est de mettre en évidence l’efficience des choix politiques en tant qu’élément de la gouvernance de cette filière, face aux menaces potentielles du marché international et face à la nécessité d’assurer la sécurité alimentaire. Les résultats obtenus montrent une amélioration du taux de couverture de la demande de consommation par la production nationale, qui est passé de 42,3 % en 2008 à 58,6 % en moyenne de la période comprise entre 2009 et 2016. Il faut noter toutefois que les conditions climatiques ont été globalement favorables, soit 364 mm en moyenne interannuelle de pluviométrie entre 2008-2016, ce qui rend difficile l’appréciation de l’intervention de l’Etat. En même temps, malgré l’importance des objectifs tracés dans le cadre du Plan Maroc Vert pour améliorer la productivité, les coûts budgétaires engendrés par la politique de soutien à ladite filière restent élevés avec un montant moyen de 2,7 milliards de dirhams par an depuis le lancement du Plan Maroc Vert. Les efforts visant l’amélioration de la productivité notamment dans les zones en bour devraient donc être renforcés à travers des programmes de recherche/développement dans le processus d’utilisation des paquets technologiques appropriés (profil variétal des semences certifiées, multiplication des semences, meilleure utilisation des fertilisants et des traitements phytosanitaires en particulier en zone bour où les conditions climatiques sont plus variables, mécanisation des travaux du sol, semis mécanique direct, etc.. Le but est de réduire au maximum le degré de dépendance vis-à-vis des importations pour

  7. Comparing pyloromyotomy outcomes across Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ednie, Alexander C; Amram, Ofer; Schuurman, Nadine; Yanchar, Natalie L

    2017-05-01

    Changing patterns of referral and management of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) in North America have recently been described. Comfort with perioperative management, anesthesia, and corrective surgery have been cited as reasons for these changes. Our primary objective was to assess pyloromyotomy outcomes between different hospital types across Canada. The secondary objective was to geospatially map all pyloromyotomies to identify regions of higher HPS incidence across Canada. Data of all pyloromyotomies done between 2011 and 2013 were acquired from Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). Complication rates and length of hospital stay (LOS) were analyzed. Postal codes for each patient were used to geospatially map regions of higher HPS incidence. A total of 1261 pyloromyotomies were assessed. There was no difference in LOS or complication rates between different hospital types or surgeon group. Open pyloromyotomies were done in 75% of the cases. Several regions of higher HPS incidence were identified across Canada. This study found no difference in complication rate or LOS stay between hospital type and surgeon type across Canada. This may reflect a previously identified referral trend in the United States towards pediatric centers. Several regions of higher HPS incidence were identified, and may aid in identifying genetic elements causing HPS. 2c. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Computerized Library Networking in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesne, Roderick M.; Islam, Mazharul

    1979-01-01

    Reviews a study which examined computerized bibliographic centers in Canada identifying three types: (1) library processing facility; (2) library network user group; and (3) information retrieval facility. The study also reported on ways to promote a computerized library network with emphasis on national location service. (CWM)

  9. The Inuit (Eskimo) of Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creery, Ian

    This report examines the history of the colonization of Arctic Canada and the efforts of its 25,000 Inuit residents to decolonize themselves. Initial sections outline the origins and early history of the Inuit; characteristics of Inuit culture, family life, and spirituality; the effects of whaling and the fur trade; and the movement of the Inuit…

  10. Compute Canada: Advancing Computational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Susan

    2012-02-01

    High Performance Computing (HPC) is redefining the way that research is done. Compute Canada's HPC infrastructure provides a national platform that enables Canadian researchers to compete on an international scale, attracts top talent to Canadian universities and broadens the scope of research.

  11. Unique Measles Virus in Canada

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-08-24

    Dr. Shelley Deeks, chief of communicable diseases at Public Health Ontario, discusses a measles outbreak in Canada.  Created: 8/24/2017 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 8/24/2017.

  12. Valorisation alimentaire et développement local Quality enhancement in food and local development: an example from the department of the Drôme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Emmanuelle Fiamor

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse aux mécanismes de construction de la légitimité des productions alimentaires locales. Les données présentées sont issues d’une enquête qualitative portant sur les processus de valorisation dans le département de la Drôme. Nous présenterons la construction des normes internes au système d’action de valorisation repéré sur ce territoire à travers trois de ses fondements : l’adhésion à des normes de production, l’adhésion à des normes de distribution ainsi qu’à une inscription dans la vie culturelle locale. À travers ces trois aspects, nous verrons se profiler la logique de valorisation caractérisant ce système. Cette logique de valorisation transmet des valeurs spécifiques aux productions et participe ainsi à les légitimer. La mise en relief de cette forme de légitimité est l’objectif de la réflexion proposée.The aim of this article is to highlight the way in which local food products are given legitimacy, presenting qualitative data from a survey of product enhancement activities in the department of the Drôme. It describes the internal standards defined by three tenets underlying those activities: adherence to production standards; adherence to standards of distribution; and adherence to local cultural life. Our aim is to outline the rationale behind the system - a rationale that in conferring particular values to particular products also helps to give them legitimacy.

  13. Trends in food intake in French children from 1999 to 2007: results from the INCA (étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires) dietary surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lioret, Sandrine; Dubuisson, Carine; Dufour, Ariane; Touvier, Mathilde; Calamassi-Tran, Gloria; Maire, Bernard; Volatier, Jean-Luc; Lafay, Lionel

    2010-02-01

    The objectives of the present study were to assess the intake of different food groups in French children aged 3-17 years (n 1455), and to analyse trends since a dietary survey undertaken 8 years ago. Dietary intake was evaluated using data from the 2006-7 cross-sectional INCA2 national dietary survey (étude Individuelle Nationale sur les Consommations Alimentaires), based on a 7 d food record. Dietary intake (percentage of subjects consuming the food group and amount eaten) was assessed for thirty-nine food categories. We observed variations in food consumption by age, sex, North-South regional gradient, seasonal period and educational level of the responding parent. Trends in dietary intake between 1999 and 2007 were determined by comparing the INCA1 (n 1126) and the INCA2 surveys. Both surveys had been carried out using the same methodology. The findings showed a decrease in energy intake in children aged 3-14 years, due to a reduction in the consumption of foods of animal origin and sweetened products. In adolescents aged 15-17 years, energy intake remained rather stable; during this 8-year period, the consumption of meat decreased, whereas the consumption of savoury snacks such as sandwiches and hamburgers significantly increased. These trends occurred during a time of growing concern about overweight and the associated co-morbidities in France. A number of public health measures were implemented over this period to improve dietary habits and physical activity patterns in children and adults. The periodic monitoring of dietary patterns through the INCA surveys is an essential part of the surveillance network in France.

  14. Pharmacy information systems in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Jeff; Jennings, Heather

    2009-01-01

    The goal of Canada Health Infoway is to provide at least 50% of all Canadians with an electronic health record (EHR) by 2010. The goal of the Infoway Drug Information Systems Program is to develop an interoperable drug information system that will keep each patient's medication history: prescribed and dispensed drugs, allergies, ongoing drug treatment, etc. Drug and drug-interaction checks will be performed automatically and added to the patients' drug profiles. Physicians and pharmacists will be supplied with data to support appropriate and accurate prescribing and dispensing, thereby avoiding adverse drug interactions and drug-related deaths [1]. This paper describes Canadian developments in pharmacy eHealth. It presents the results of the Pharmacy Informatics Pharmacy Special Networks (PSN) survey about computer systems used in hospital pharmacies across Canada including information concerning Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) systems deployed; which may reduce the number of errors in orders.

  15. Canada-U.S. Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-12

    2008 budget seeks to ensure continuity through the Canada First Defence Strategy , which will provide for yearly increases of 2% beginning in 2011-12...Minister Harper of permitting Canada’s Afghanistan strategy “to be defined by Washington.” He stated that “once [Canada’s] military mission ends in...56 RBC Financial Group, Daily Forex Fundamentals, February 27, 2009. [ http

  16. Can Canada Avoid Arctic Militarization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-20

    global market and the evolution of new fracking technology for the extraction of shale hydrocarbons, the development of the Canadian Arctic might not...Powers and Prospects in Canada’s North, ed. Abele Frances (Montréal: Institute for Research on Public Policy, 2009), 378. 167Richard Spencer, “ Fracking ...Boom Frees the US from Old Oil Alliances,” The Telegraph, December 13, 2013, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/energy/oil/10476647/ Fracking -boom-frees

  17. Canada: expanding nuclear fuel exports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paehlke, R.

    1978-01-01

    Uranium is soon to be a very big business in Canada and most of the expansion is bound for export markets. The expansions that are planned are both in uranium mining and in fuel processing. Almost all environmental problems associated with the nuclear fuel cycle thus far in Canada have been associated with these two phases of the cycle: mining and processing. The water in Elliot Lake has been found to have high concentrations of radium and the drinking water of Serpent River, Ontario--downwater from Elliot Lake--has been found to be contaminated by excess radioactivity. Buildings in both Port Hope, Ontario, and Uranium City, Saskatchewan (near Eldorado's Saskatchewan minesite), have excess radiation counts attributable to radon and radon daughter gases. Several aspects of the expansion are currently undergoing environmental impact assessment. Far and away the most careful and balanced inquiry is the Saskatchewan government-appointed inquiry under Mr. Justice E. D. Bayda of the Saskatchewan Appeals Court. This inquiry is, in the first instance, examining a proposal by Amok Ltee., a consortium of a French multinational and the French government, to develop a $135 million uranium mine and mill at Cluff Lake in the northern portion of Saskatchewan. But the inquiry is considering all aspects and implications of the full nuclear fuel cycle. The second stage of the uranium boom in Canada centers on processing. Here two major new plants are proposed by Eldorado Nuclear: one at Port Granby, Ontario; the second at Varman, Saskatchewan. Several massive nuclear power stations are planned east of Toronto, but nuclear opposition is growing in Canada. (MCW)

  18. Indigenous Educational Attainment in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine E. Gordon

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the educational attainment of Indigenous peoples of working age (25 to 64 years in Canada is examined. This diverse population has typically had lower educational levels than the general population in Canada. Results indicate that, while on the positive side there are a greater number of highly educated Indigenous peoples, there is also a continuing gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. Data also indicate that the proportion with less than high school education declined, which corresponds with a rise of those with a PSE; the reverse was true in 1996. Despite these gains, however, the large and increasing absolute numbers of those without a high school education is alarming. There are intra-Indigenous differences: First Nations with Indian Status and the Inuit are not doing as well as non-Status and Métis peoples. Comparisons between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations reveal that the documented gap in post-secondary educational attainment is at best stagnant. Out of the data analysis, and based on the history of educational policy, we comment on the current reform proposed by the Government of Canada, announced in February of 2014, and propose several policy recommendations to move educational attainment forward.

  19. Women in Physics in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, Janis

    2012-10-01

    Here we are in the 21st century in Canada, where most of us would say that young girls and boys have equal access to education, opportunities, and careers of their own choice. In Canada, women currently outnumber men in full-time university enrollment, in Medical Schools and in Law Schools. 48% of the Canadian work force is female, yet women make up only 21% of working professionals in science, engineering and technology. Canada-wide in Physics, the situation is such that only 20% of our BSc graduates are women, and 19% of our PhD graduates are women. It is evident that the ``leaky pipeline'' in Physics leaks most at a young age, before BSc graduation. High school physics statistics in BC indicate that while most of the grade 12 science and math disciplines have roughly equal numbers of young men and women enrolled, this is not the case for high school physics, where province-wide, only 30% of Physics 12 students are women. (Biology is also skewed, but in the other direction: 62% of Biology 12 students are women) This poster will present current statistics and will hopefully be a wake-up call for us all to consider participating in more outreach in science, and especially physics, in our high schools.

  20. Il est temps que le Canada rende la justice accessible à tous | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 juin 2016 ... Des étudiantes à l'école secondaire Female Experimental High School à Herat en Afghanistan. Photo : Graham Crouch / Banque mondiale. Lorsqu'on prive un enfant d'accès à l'école ou qu'on exclut une personne d'un hôpital, les médias ne perdent pas de temps à exposer l'injustice. La privation de ...

  1. Canada-U.S. Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-01

    Canada CRS-8 20 “Spend More On Military, U.S. Envoy Urges Ottawa.” Toronto Star. Feb. 25, 2004. 21 “Canada’s Flying Coffins .” Peter Newman...introduction of alien species of aquatic life may disturb the ecological balance and endanger fishing in Lake Winnipeg, into which the Red River empties...have been under review. The two countries have continued the long-standing debate over the ecological impact of possible development in Alaska’s

  2. Innovation et patrimoine alimentaire en Midi-Pyrénées. Innovation in food heritage in the department of the Midi-Pyrenees: types of innovation and links with territory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Tibère

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Food habits and cultures are constantly evolving – changing in response to new innovations that are driven by agribusiness players large and small. As the ‘actors of innovation’ these people reinvent their relationship with tradition. This article is based on a study of three rural areas in the department of the Midi-Pyrenees: Southern Aveyron, Pays du Haut Rouergue (North Aveyron and Pays d’Armagnac in the Gers. It highlights three main profiles of innovators in the field of food heritage, each one corresponding to a form of organization that in turn flows from a particular relationship with the territory and its local players. It also highlights the importance of local perceptions and attitudes towards these innovators, demonstrating the pivotal role of local companies in the appropriation of innovative process.Les cultures alimentaires sont évolutives et font l’objet de différentes formes d’innovation. Qu’ils soient artisans, industriels ou institutionnels, reconnus ou plus marginaux, les différents acteurs de la filière agro-alimentaire portent ces mouvements d’innovation, renouvellant ou inversant ainsi leur rapport à la « tradition ». Cette dernière se trouve alors remaniée dans le projet de valorisation. L’étude fait ressortir trois principaux profils d’innovateurs dans le champ de la patrimonialisation alimentaire. Chacun de ces profils correspond à une forme d’organisation, elle-même inscrite dans un rapport particulier au territoire et au système d’acteurs local. Cette typologie souligne par ailleurs l’importance du regard de la population locale sur ces innovateurs ; elle montre le rôle central des sociétés locales dans l’appropriation des processus d’innovation, participant ou non à leur légitimation. Si le processus d’innovation a longtemps été porté par des groupes d’acteurs structurés, reconnus par la société locale, il est également, le fait de petits groupes ou

  3. 78 FR 16493 - ExxonMobil Canada Energy, Flint Hills Resources Canada, LP, Imperial Oil, NOVA Chemical (Canada...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... State Canada, Inc., Phillips 66 Canada ULC, St. Paul Park Refining Co. LLC, Suncor Energy Marketing, Inc., United Refining Company v. Enbridge Energy, Limited Partnership; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on..., Suncor Energy Marketing, Inc., and United Refining Company (Complainants) filed a formal complaint...

  4. La banque de données platform de l'Institut français du pétrole : un outil de base pour des études de risque Ifp's Platform Databank: a Basic Implement for Risk Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand A. R. V.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available La banque de données PLATFORM de l'Institut Français du Pétrole (IFP concerne les accidents survenus depuis 1955 aux engins pétroliers de forage, de production et d'habitation en mer, de type fixe (plates-formes en acier, en béton . . . ou mobile (submersibles, auto-élévatrices, semi-submersibles, navires, barges . . . et ayant donné lieu à un arrêt de travail ni programmé, ni prévisible, d'au moins 24 heures. Ce critère, éliminant les nombreux incidents mineurs, peu ou mal connus, lui confère une certaine homogénéité indispensable à la validité de toute banque de données d'accidents. Comportant : - une banque de connaissanceconstituée de fiches détaillées sur le déroulement et des conséquences de chaque accident, et - une banque informatiséebasée sur les seuls paramètres principaux mis en mémoire d'ordinateur, la banque PLATFORM présente le double avantage de : - regrouper, sous une forme ramassée et facilement interrogeable, l'ensemble des accidents connus d'une branche industrielle, - fournir des résultats chiffrés (comptages, statistiques, . . . qui, même approximatifs, sont irremplaçables pour les études de risque, de sécurité et de fiabilité. Différents exemples d'application illustrent les possibilités de PLATFORM en s'appuyant sur des paramètres aussi variés que les types d'engin, d'accident, d'activité au moment de l'accident, de facteurs préliminaires, de zones géographiques. IFP's PLATFORM databank concerns accidents since 1955 to all kinds of off-shore drilling, production or accomodation platforms, both fixed (steel, cement, etc. and mobile (jackups, submersibles, semi-submersibles, drillships, barges, etc. having caused an unplanned and unforeseen work stoppage of at least 24 hours. The databank is designed to underline the homogeneity of the data gathered, which is an indispensible condition for obtaining valid statistics. PLATFORM consists of (1 a knowledge base made up of an ongoing

  5. Taux d'abroutissement, indicateur de la charge et du régime alimentaire des ongulés sauvages en milieu tempéré et/ou tropical : cas du chevreuil (Capreolus capreolus L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaposo, LM.

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Taux d'abroutissement, indicateur de la charge et du régime alimentaire des ongulés sauvages en milieu tempéré et/ou tropical : cas du chevreuil (Capreolus capreolus L.. The grazing habitat of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus L. had been surveyed during spring, summer and automn seasons of 1988 in Lauzelle Woods using 24 enclosed and unenclosed areas in order to measure the degree of stress on the vegetation exerted by the animal and to establish its alimentary regime. In general, in the woods the availability of the vegetation was sufficient for the roe deer and hence they do not exert any stress on the vegetation. Nevertheless, they exert some stress on some vegetation that had low rate of regrowth. The examination of the chemical composition of the fecal matter revealed that the vegetation of Lauzelle Woods provided a good quality forage with 21 % crude protein.

  6. Global Affairs Canada | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    As a Government of Canada Crown Corporation, we are an important part of Canada's foreign affairs and development efforts. ... The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund is a CA$125 million initiative that aims to bring market-ready agriculture innovations to more people, improving lives and livelihoods.

  7. Canada's World : a Deliberative Dialogue | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Call for proposals for the Joint Canada-Israel Health Research Program 2018 competition. IDRC, the Israel Science Foundation, the Azrieli Foundation, and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research announce the call for proposals for the fourth round of the Joint Canada-Israel Health... View moreCall for proposals for the ...

  8. Canada's Changing Geography of Jobs and Trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgour, David

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the impact of globalization on the jobs and trade of Canada. Emphasizes new relationships with countries in Latin America and Africa. Notes the types of trade that Canada enjoys with these two areas and encourages expansion of business into them. (DSK)

  9. Mexico-Canada Knowledge Translation Partnership | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Canada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus Research Program. A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the... View moreCanada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus ...

  10. The OECD Reports on Canada's Educational System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findlay, P.

    1976-01-01

    Extracts from a 1975 study undertaken by the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on the state of education in Canada is presented. The extracts focus on the vocational technical field and call for a vigorous and creative rethinking in the practical and technical education of Canada's youth. (Author/EC)

  11. Paint removal activities in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Terry

    1993-03-01

    Paint removal activities currently under way in Canada include: research and development of laser paint stripping; development and commercialization of a new blasting medium based on wheat starch; commercialization of a new blasting medium and process using crystalline ice blasting for paint removal and surface cleaning; and the development of automated and robotic systems for paint stripping applications. A specification for plastic media blasting (PMB) of aircraft and aircraft components is currently being drafted by NDHQ for use by the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and contractors involved in coating removal for the CAF. Defense Research Establishment Pacific (DREP) is studying the effects of various blast media on coating removal rates, and minimizing the possibility of damage to substrates other than aluminum such as graphite epoxy composite and Kevlar. The effects of plastic media blasting on liquid penetrant detection of fatigue cracks is also under investigation.

  12. Restorative justice innovations in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Robin J; Huculak, Bria; McWhinnie, Andrew

    2002-01-01

    As many jurisdictions move towards more retributive measures as a means to address public discontent with crime, a parallel movement has developed in regard to restorative justice. This article presents three restorative initiatives currently in use in Canada. Each initiative addresses offender behavior and community engagement at a different point in the justice continuum. The use of Sentencing Circles is an example of how restorative justice principles can be instituted at the front end, prior to an offender becoming lodged in the system. The Restorative Justice Options to Parole Suspension project demonstrates how community engagement can assist in preventing offenders from being returned to the system once they have achieved conditional release. The Circles of Support and Accountability project has enlisted the support of professionally supported volunteers in the community reintegration of high-risk sexual offenders. These initiatives are presented within a framework of effective correctional interventions and increased empowerment for a variety of stakeholders. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. Forest insect pests in Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    The papers presented in this book cover the range of forest insect pest management activities in Canada. The first section contains papers on the current status of insect pests by region, including data on insect populations and extent of defoliation caused by the insect. The next section covers pest management technology, including the use of insecticides, insect viruses, fungal pathogens, growth regulators, antifeedants, pheromones, natural predators, and aerial spraying. The third section contains papers on the application of technology and equipment for forest pest control, and includes papers on the impacts of insecticides on the forest environment. The fourth section describes operational control programs by province. The final paper presents future strategies for the management of forest pests. An author index is included.

  14. Canada's population: growth and dualism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaujot, R P

    1978-04-01

    In Canada the current 1.3% population growth rate is causing some concern. Those concerned argue that such a rate of growth in combination with high levels of consumption could jeopardize the country's resource base and its comfortable style of living. Many Canadians are questioning high levels of immigration, for now that the fertility level is below replacement level, net immigration contributes substantially to population growth (over 1/3 in 1976). The growing proportion of non-Europeans among recent immigrants is causing resentment, and, in a tight job market, immigrants are regarded as threats to the World War 2 baby boom cohort who are now at working ages. The baby boom generation also puts stress on housing and health services, and it will increase the need for pension checks as it ages. Although French fertility is no longer high and immigration is no longer dominated by the British, the French group's 200-year struggle to preserve its identity continues on in the current effort of the Quebec government to enforce the use of French language by law within that province. Geography and climate dictate another demographic fact that divides the country and pervades its history. In addition to intense regionalism, uneven population distribution is responsible for 2 other concerns: the rapid growth of several already large cities and depopulation of many small communities. Focus in this discussion is on Canada's population growth in the past and as projected for the future, historical and current fertility, mortality and immigration trends, the search for a new immigration policy, the impact of the baby boom generation on the population's age structure and the problems this creates, and recent shifts in population distribution and in the country's ethnic and linguistic makeup. The population policy proposals evolved thus far involve to a great extent the use of immigration as a lever for achieving given population objectives.

  15. Neurobiologie de la prise alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lavialle, Monique; Salesse, Roland

    2015-01-01

    On s'accorde désormais à considérer le cerveau comme l'organe majeur de l'alimentation. En effet, c'est lui qui intègre les signaux internes (métaboliques, nerveux et hormonaux), les signaux sensoriels (visuels, olfactifs, gustatifs) mais aussi, et il ne faut pas l'oublier, les conditions sociales, culturelles et économiques qui constituent des déterminants majeurs de la qualité de la ration. Devant cette complexité, notre article s'en tiendra à l'exposé des mécanismes neurobiologiques de la ...

  16. Les additifs alimentaires: La controverse

    OpenAIRE

    Vobecky, Jitka S.

    1982-01-01

    Almost 60% of food additives are colorings, flavorings and other appearance enhancers. Growth of the world's population and growth in demand for food represent the greatest technological challenge of our era. Consequently, usage of substances which preserve the quality and diminish spoilage of food is of prime importance. Nevertheless, the consumer fears that the cumulative effect of additives can lead to cancer, hyperkinesis or other disorders. Given the widespread use of additives, their im...

  17. Operational expert system applications in Canada

    CERN Document Server

    Suen, Ching Y

    1992-01-01

    This book is part of a new series on operational expert systems worldwide. Expert systems are now widely used in different parts of the world for various applications. The past four years have witnessed a steady growth in the development and deployment of expert systems in Canada. Research in this field has also gained considerable momentum during the past few years. However, the field of expert systems is still young in Canada. This book contains 13 chapters contributed by 31 experts from both universities and industries across Canada covering a wide range of applications related to electric

  18. Les conditions du développement des banques d’actifs naturels en FranceAnalyse du régime institutionnel de la première Réserve d’Actifs Naturels française What conditions to enlarge habitat banks in France ?Institutional regime analysis of the first French habitat bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny Chabran

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les marchés d’actifs naturels sont encore rares en Europe, mais les premières expériences permettent de s’interroger sur le dispositif mis en place au regard de l’objectif de conservation des milieux naturels. Nous avons analysé la première expérience française de banque d’actifs naturels, mise en place dans le cadre des dispositifs de compensation des impacts écologiques des aménagements. Ce projet repose sur d’importants travaux de réhabilitation écologique pour faire retourner un verger intensif vers une végétation herbacée méditerranéenne. Les résultats en écologie de la restauration sont encourageants. En revanche, ils sont encore à évaluer dans les champs politiques ou économiques. Une analyse du régime institutionnel régissant les usages du site montre que l’action mercantile entreprise, tout autant que l’incomplétude du dispositif public de régulation, ne confèrent pas d’assurances définitives quant à la pérennité du dispositif de conservation environnementale du site.Habitat banks are not numerous in Europe but the first experiments allow wondering about the device in relation to the conservation purpose. We analyzed the first French experience of habitat banking introduced in the mitigation regulatory framework. This project is based on important ecological rehabilitation of an intensive orchard to Mediterranean herbaceous vegetation. Results in ecological restoration are good ; however, they are still assessing in the political and economic fields. An analysis of the institutional regime of site uses shows that the mercantile action as well as the public device incompleteness does not provide insurance about the site’s conservation sustainability.

  19. 19 CFR 123.41 - Truck shipments transiting Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Truck shipments transiting Canada. 123.41 Section... OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO United States and Canada In-Transit Truck... Manifest, Customs Form 7512-B Canada 81/2. The driver shall present the manifest in four copies to U.S...

  20. 9 CFR 93.317 - Horses from Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Horses from Canada. 93.317 Section 93... CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses Canada 16 § 93.317 Horses from Canada. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, horses from Canada shall be inspected as provided in § 93.306; shall be...

  1. Cost Effectiveness of Infant Vaccination for Rotavirus in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doug Coyle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus is the main cause of gastroenteritis in Canadian children younger than five years of age, resulting in significant morbidity and cost. The present study provides evidence on the cost effectiveness of two alternative rotavirus vaccinations (RotaTeq [Merck Frosst Canada Ltd, Canada] and Rotarix [GlaxoSmithKline, Canada] available in Canada.

  2. Opportunities for manufactured housing in Canada

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bairstow, Dale

    1985-01-01

    In the fall of 1984, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation commissioned this study because it wanted to find out why manufactured housing appeared to be increasing in importance in certain foreign...

  3. 1982 Aleutian Canada goose nesting survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Investigation of the endangered Aleutian Canada goose (Branta canadensis leucopareia) was conducted from 1974 to 1976, again in 1977 and in 1979 on Buldir. During...

  4. The future of Canada's radio astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaensler, Bryan M.

    2017-11-01

    Through involvement in CHIME, ALMA, the Jansky VLA and the Murchison Widefield Array, Canada is well placed in current radio astronomy facilities and the future looks even brighter, with strategic interest in the SKA and the Next Generation VLA.

  5. Driver's Licences for the handicapped in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csapo, Marg; Clarke, Bryan R.

    1985-01-01

    The article reviews Canada's Guide for Physicians in Determining Fitness to Drive a Vehicle and then considers sections of provincial motor vehicle acts that regulate the issuance of licenses to the handicapped. (CL)

  6. Mineral Operations of Latin America and Canada

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of records for over 900 mineral facilities in Latin America and Canada. The mineral facilities include mines, plants, smelters, or refineries...

  7. Comprehensive school health in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veugelers, Paul J; Schwartz, Margaret E

    2010-01-01

    The Canadian education system is among the best in the world academically. In contrast, students' (children and youth) eating and activity levels are so poor that they have led to prevalence rates of overweight that are among the highest in the world. Given the enormous public health burden associated with poor nutrition and physical inactivity, Canada needs to address this health risk. Comprehensive school health (CSH) is a promising approach to promoting healthy eating and active living (HEAL). This article provides a review of CSH and discusses its four essential elements: 1) teaching and learning; 2) social and physical environments; 3) healthy school policy; and 4) partnerships and services. It also provides a common understanding of the implementation and broader benefits of CSH, which, in addition to health, include student learning and self-esteem. The article further discusses some complexities of a rigorous evaluation of CSH, which comprises proof of implementation, impact and positive outcome. Though such an evaluation has yet to be conducted, some studies did confirm successful implementation, and another study observed positive outcomes. Rigorous evaluation is urgently needed to provide a stronger evidence base of the benefits of CSH for learning, self-esteem and disease prevention. This evidence is essential to justify devoting more school time to promote HEAL and more resources to implement and support CSH to the benefit of both learning and health.

  8. Export opportunities for Czech companies in Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Otta, Jiří

    2010-01-01

    The main goal of the theses is to analyze economic cooperation of Czech republic and Canada. There is a particular information about Canadian economical and political setting as well as local business environment. The theses places emphasis on how to help Czech exporters trading with Canada, and gives complete overview of opportunities for export, entrance to the market and helps to understand local business customs.

  9. The Beginning Farmers’ Problem In Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Pouliot, Sebastien

    2011-01-01

    Concerns about beginning farmers in Canada derive from trends in data that show that the population of farmers and the number of young farmers are declining. This paper discusses and analyses issues regarding the constraints and opportunities beginning farmers in Canada face. The discussion covers whether issues peculiar to beginning farmers are, from an economic policy point of view, a source of concern and whether there are motives for government intervention. The main conclusions are 1) th...

  10. A Strategic Analysis of Canada Post's Parcel Ecommerce Growth Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Brock, Kerry

    2012-01-01

    Canada Post is a market leader in the business to consumer residential delivery of parcels in Canada. There is an increasing demand for residential delivery due to the worldwide growth in ecommerce sales. This paper presents a strategic analysis of the opportunity for Canada Post to increase its breadth and depth in the parcel delivery industry in Canada. The analysis will review the parcel industry, the ecommerce opportunity, an internal review of Canada Post, develop and evaluate four strat...

  11. Croatian Language Maintenance in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Petrović

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Although the topic of language maintenance has received considerable attention from linguists around the world, there are still many aspects of this language-contact phenomenon that could be examined further. This paper aims to contribute to the existing body of knowledge by exploring the state of Croatian as a heritage language in Canada. The aim of the paper is two-fold. The first is to describe the demographic characteristics of the Croatian community by investigating the number of people of Croatian descent and the number of Croatian speakers in Canada. The second, and more specific, aim of the paper is to provide an account of the state of Croatian as a minority language and examine the extent of language maintenance in the community. To accomplish the first objective, Canadian census data (1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 was analyzed, with special focus on linguistic census data (number and age of Croatian speakers in Canada, mother tongue of people of Croatian descent, language most used at home, etc.. To accomplish the second objective, census data was supplemented with data from a questionnaire-based survey completed by members of the Croatian community in Toronto. The survey was completed by 220 participants; 110 first-generation Croatian Canadians and 110 second-generation Croatian Canadians. Two versions of the questionnaire were designed, one for first-generation participants and the other for second-generation participants. The great majority of items in the two versions were identical; each version contained questions about demographic characteristics, language use in everyday life, and self-perceived language proficiency in English and Croatian. The majority of questions were of a closed type (multiple-choice questions and rating scales, but there were also some open-ended questions, so as to give participants the opportunity to express their viewpoint or comment on certain issues. Questions were written in both Croatian and English

  12. Migrants’ food habits when returning home (in Bamako, Mali, and Dakar, Senegal Pratiques alimentaires des migrants de retour au pays (Bamako et Dakar : être ou ne pas être le modèle ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Techoueyres

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on lengthy interviews with migrants from Senegal and Mali who have settled in Bordeaux, Angers and Paris from various geographic, cultural, ethnic backgrounds and socio-professional situations. Instead of questioning the link between « food and migration » in the usual way by focusing on migrants food « adaptation » in the country where they have settled, we chose to study what happens when they go back to their country of origin. The aim of this article is to present the permanence and changes or, taking up Roger Bastide’s terminology: continuity/discontinuity and discontinuity/ continuity playing a part in food habits, and the idea of ‘eating well’ among “immigrants” when they go back to their country of departure for vacation or retirement. Far from demonstrating the existence of an « original African food culture », this article rather highlights the permanent processes of food culturation taking place among both migrant and sedentary groups, while taking into account the structural constraints existing at national and global levels. Both Malian and Senegalese migrations reveal tactics used to produce alternately identity and otherness in a globalised context, but also according to different local situations.Cet article s'appuie sur une enquête auprès d’une quarantaine de « Sénégalais » et « Maliens » installés à Bordeaux, Angers ou Paris depuis les années 1960 et après, aux profils sociologiques variés (âge, origine géographique, sentiment d’appartenance ethnique, situation socio-économique et professionnelle. Nous interrogeons le lien entre « alimentation et migration » du point de vue des « retours » au pays de départ pour des vacances ou la retraite. Il s'agit de présenter les « continuités/ discontinuités » et « discontinuités/ continuités » (Bastide qui jouent un rôle dans les habitudes alimentaires, et la notion de « bien manger » parmi les

  13. Reimagining Haj Khalil v. Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reem Bahdi

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper emphasizes the importance of cultural competence for tort law by analyzing the Federal Court’s decision in Haj Khalil v. Canada. Given that this symposium in honour of Rose Voyvodic’s life and work is entitled “Re-Imagining Access to Justice,” this paper asks “how do the principles of cultural competence allow us to think about the facts of the Haj Khalil differently. In particular, what would a cause in fact analysis look like if it were informed by the principles of cultural competence?” My analysis proceeds by “reading the silences” or focusing on the unstated assumptions and unexplored elements of Haj Khalil’s story to bring into focus factors relevant to factual causation which remain largely unexplored or undervalued by the Federal Court. An examination of the facts that framed Haj Khalil`s claim against immigration officials through a culturally competent lens would open the possibility of a different understanding of causation as it arises on the facts of the case. While Canadian courts have emphasized the importance of social context for fair judgment, they have not fully come to grips with the implications of social context for judicial decision-making. This is particularly the case within negligence law which remains vexed by the need to maintain an objective standard while simultaneously recognizing the importance of context and circumstance to particular claims. Cet article souligne l’importance de la compétence culturelle pour le droit de la responsabilité civile délictuelle en analysant le jugement Haj Khalil c. Canada de la Cour Fédérale. Vu que ce symposium en honneur de la vie et de l’oeuvre de Rose Voyvodic est intitulé « Re-Imagining Access to Justice», cet article pose la question «comment les principes de compétence culturelle nous permettent-ils de concevoir différemment les faits de Haj Khalil. En particulier, comment se présenterait la causalité si l’analyse des faits

  14. Only in Canada: A Study of National Market Potential for Christian Higher Education Canada (CHEC) Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiebert, Al

    2011-01-01

    In July 2007 Ipsos Reid delivered to Christian Higher Education Canada (CHEC) a report entitled "Christian Post-Secondary Education in Canada, Phase 3: Defining the Market". This article is a selective summary of the full 353-page report. It tabulates and analyzes findings from 1,000 phone interviews and 6,689 online surveys from six…

  15. Aging in a Multicultural Canada: A Graphic Overview = Le Vieillissement dans un Canada Multiculturel: Apercu Graphique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of the Secretary of State, Ottawa (Ontario). Multiculturalism Directorate.

    This document, in English and French, provides a graphic overview of statistical data on aging and ethnicity in Canada. Most of the information was drawn from 1981 and 1986 census figures and immigration statistics. Part 1, "Multicultural Canada," provides background information on the multicultural nature of the population. One map and…

  16. Canada Among Nations 2014 – le Canada et le système financier ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 mai 2014 ... Le 28e ouvrage de la collection Canada Among Nations revient sur la crise financière mondiale de 2008 et examine son impact au Canada ainsi que le rôle que le pays a joué et joue toujours au sein du système financier international.

  17. Environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail et expériences de magasinage dans les collectivités des Premières nations du nord des provinces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Burnett

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Cet article porte sur l'environnement de la vente d’aliments dans les collectivités des Premières nations du nord des provinces, en particulier sur la concurrence éventuelle dans la vente au détail de la North West Company (NWC ainsi que sur les expériences d'achats alimentaires de la population vivant dans le Nord canadien. Méthodologie : Nous avons utilisé deux méthodologies pour évaluer l’environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail dans le Nord. D’abord, nous avons cartographié les détaillants en alimentation du Nord afin d’examiner le degré de concurrence au détail dans les régions nordiques, en prêtant une attention particulière aux collectivités qui ne sont pas accessibles à l’année par la route. Ensuite, nous avons enquêté auprès des personnes vivant dans les collectivités du Nord canadien à propos de leurs expériences d’achat au détail et de magasinage. Résultats : Cinquante‑quatre pour cent des collectivités du nord des provinces et du Grand Nord n’avaient aucune épicerie en concurrence avec la NWC. Les provinces comptant les plus fortes proportions de collectivités nordiques sans concurrence dans la vente au détail étaient l’Ontario (87 %, la Saskatchewan (83 % et le Manitoba (72 %. Les participants au sondage (n = 92 ont fait état de leurs préoccupations quant à leurs expériences d'achat dans trois grands secteurs : le coût des aliments, la qualité et la fraîcheur des aliments et la disponibilité de certains aliments. Conclusion : La concurrence dans la vente au détail est limitée dans le nord des provinces. Au Manitoba, en Saskatchewan et en Ontario, la NWC ne fait face à aucune concurrence dans au moins 70 % des collectivités nordiques. Les consommateurs du Nord canadien considèrent que les aliments nutritifs sont peu abordables, et ils souhaitent avoir accès à un plus grand choix d’aliments périssables en bon état.

  18. Rapport d’étape - Indicateurs géographiques de l’environnement alimentaire de la vente au détail pour l’intervention en santé publique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahalya Mahendra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Le groupe de travail sur les indicateurs de base de l’Association des épidémiologistes en santé publique de l’Ontario (AESPO a pour mandat d’uniformiser les définitions et les méthodes de calcul de plus de 120 indicateurs de la santé publique dans le but de fournir un cadre précis et commun à l’ensemble des bureaux de santé publique de l’Ontario pour la production de rapports sur l’état de santé des communautés. Le sous-groupe chargé de l’environnement bâti est une équipe multidisciplinaire composée de planificateurs, de chercheurs, d’analystes des politiques, de diététistes agréés, d’analystes de système d’information géographique (SIG et d’épidémiologistes. Le sous-groupe a sélectionné et opérationnalisé un certain nombre d’indicateurs objectifs et uniformes en vue d’aider les bureaux de santé publique et les autorités sanitaires régionales à évaluer les environnements alimentaires de vente au détail de leur communauté. Le sous-groupe a proposé trois indicateurs s’appuyant sur des sources de données facilement accessibles et sur des données obtenues par suite d’analyses SIG pour caractériser l’accessibilité géographique à divers types de commerces d’alimentation au détail dans des quartiers urbains. Le présent article propose un rapport d’étape sur la mise au point de ces indicateurs de l’environnement alimentaire.

  19. The Hybridisation of Higher Education in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Shale

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Canada's postsecondary institutions are becoming increasingly involved with technology enhanced learning, generally under the rubric of distance education. Growth and activity in distance education stems from rapid developments in communication and information technologies such as videoconferencing and the Internet. This case study focuses on the use of new technologies, primarily within the context of higher education institutions operating in Canada's English speaking provinces. Capitalising on the interactive capabilities of "new" learning technologies, some distance education providers are starting to behave more like conventional educational institutions in terms of forming study groups and student cohorts. Conversely, new telecommunications technologies are having a reverse impact on traditional classroom settings, and as a result conventional universities are beginning to establish administrative structures reflective of those used by distance education providers. When viewed in tandem, these trends reflect growing convergence between conventional and distance learning modes, leading to the hybridisation of higher education in Canada.

  20. Banque cantonale de Genève (BCGE)

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    Le programme BCGE Business partner destiné aux membres de l’Association du personnel CERN offre des solutions bancaires personnalisées à des conditions préférentielles. Il s’agit d’avantages liés au compte salaire (frais de tenue de compte offerts, Netbanking, Carte Maestro et Carte de crédit offertes, …), au financement hypothécaire, aux solutions de prévoyance, aux placements, aux crédits. Le détail du programme et les conditions préférentielles sont disponibles ici. Pour bénéficier de ces avantages, il vous faut remplir le formulaire de demande de souscription, puis le faire viser par l’Association du personnel attestant que vous êtes membre de l’Association, à jour de cotisation. Malheureusement, cette offre n’est pas valable pour les retraites se...

  1. III — Banque des États-Unis

    OpenAIRE

    Juglar, Clément

    2014-01-01

    Historique des crises Les colonies anglaises, peu après leur fondation, émirent du papier-monnaie. La première, le Massachussets, en 1690, avant même l’indépendance, en émit pour faire le siège de Québec ; l’exemple fut si contagieux qu’il en résulta un agio sensible en faveur de l’argent, il variait selon la quantité de notes mises en circulation. En 1745, après une heureuse campagne sur Louisbourg et la prise de cette forteresse, on émit 2 millions de livres en papier, ce qui déprécia le ch...

  2. Does Banque de France control inflation and unemployment?

    OpenAIRE

    Kitov, Ivan; Kitov, Oleg

    2013-01-01

    We re-estimate statistical properties and predictive power of a set of Phillips curves, which are expressed as linear and lagged relationships between the rates of inflation, unemployment, and change in labour force. For France, several relationships were estimated eight years ago. The change rate of labour force was used as a driving force of inflation and unemployment within the Phillips curve framework. Following the original problem formulation by Fisher and Phillips, the set of nested m...

  3. Cronkhite-Canada syndrome associated with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Masaharu; Muta, Hiromi; Somada, Shinichi; Maeda, Toyoki; Mutoh, Toshitaka; Shimizu, Kanako; Suehiro, Yoko; Hisano, Terumasa; Kurita, Ryo; Shiraishi, Takeshi; Mori, Masaki; Yoshikawa, Yasuji; Tsunetomi, Nobuto; Uchida, Akihiro; Tani, Kenzaburo

    2007-01-01

    Here, we report a case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome in a patient with schizophrenia. A 64-year-old man, who had been diagnosed as having a schizophrenic disorder at the age of 30, presented with alopecia, atrophic nail changes, hyperpigmentation of the skin, and inflammatory polyposis of the stomach and colon. Endoscopic ultrasonography of the stomach and colon revealed diffuse mucosal thickening with small hypoechoic areas, corresponding to edema of the lamina propria. After treatment with parenteral hyperalimentation and tranexamic acid, his physical findings and polyposis gradually improved. This is the first report of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome in a patient with schizophrenia.

  4. [Immigration and labor: Australia and Canada compared].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iacovetta, F; Quinlan, M

    1995-08-01

    "Australia and Canada share...a common colonial history and many similarities in geography, economy, demography, etc., as well as a substantial anti-non anglo-celtic immigrant tradition, in spite of their being immigration countries. Those similarities and differences are analyzed here, as far as labor migration and relationships between immigrant and local labor are concerned. The arrival of European labor first, Asian later, was perceived similarly by both Australia and Canada, combining racial prejudice and unions' hostility towards contract labor migration as well as towards assisted migration. The evolution of those difficult relations through the 19th and 20th centuries is analyzed here." (SUMMARY IN ENG) excerpt

  5. Development, reliability and use of a food environment assessment tool in supermarkets of four neighbourhoods in Montréal, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalbert-Arsenault, Élise; Robitaille, Éric; Paquette, Marie-Claude

    2017-09-01

    The food environment is a promising arena in which to influence people's dietary habits. This study aimed to develop a comprehensive food environment assessment tool for businesses and characterize the food environment of a low-tomedium income area of Montréal, Canada. We developed a tool, Mesure de l'environnement alimentaire du consommateur dans les supermarchés (MEAC-S), and tested it for reliability. We used the MEAC-S to assess the consumer food environment of 17 supermarkets in four neighbourhoods of Montréal. We measured the shelf length, variety, price, display counts and in-store positions of fruits and vegetables (FV) and ultra-processed food products (UPFPs). We also assessed fresh FV for quality. Store size was estimated using the total measured shelf length for all food categories. We conducted Spearman correlations between these indicators of the food environment. Reliability analyses revealed satisfactory results for most indicators. Characterization of the food environment revealed high variability in shelf length, variety and price of FV between supermarkets and suggested a disproportionate promotion of UPFPs. Display counts of UPFPs outside their normal display location ranged from 7 to 26, and they occupied 8 to 33 strategic in-store positions, whereas the number of display counts of fresh FV outside their normal display location exceeded 1 in only 2 of the 17 stores surveyed, and they occupied a maximum of 2 strategic in-store positions per supermarket. Price of UPFPs was inversely associated with their prominence (p positioning of UPFPs (p importance of measuring in-store characteristics to adequately picture the consumer food environment.

  6. Canada goose kill statistics: Swan Lake Public Hunting Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document discusses how the flexible kill formula for Canada goose hunting at Swan Lake Public Hunting Area was reached. Methods used to collect Canada goose...

  7. All projects related to canada | Page 22 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2017-03-22

    , VULNERABLE GROUPS, Climate change. Region: Malawi, Canada. Program: Food, Environment, and Health. Total Funding: CA$ 566,860.00. Support for Communities affected by Mining in Canada and around the Globe. Project. Founded ...

  8. All projects related to Canada | Page 12 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... an international platform committed to making governments more open, accountable, and responsive to citizens. Topic: INFORMATION DISSEMINATION, CANADA, Civil society, GOVERNMENT, PRIVATE SECTOR, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS. Region: Brazil, Nepal, Nigeria, Canada, United States, Netherlands.

  9. Characters of age, sex and sexual maturity in Canada geese

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This paper discusses the characters of age, sex, and sexual maturity in Canada geese. Present findings are based on trap and/or bag samples of Canada geese. Methods...

  10. Industrial Relations in Canada: Contemporary Comparisons and Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyton, Paul; Goodman, John, Eds.

    1990-01-01

    Includes "Canadian Industrial Relations: An Introductory Overview" (Blyton, Goodman); "Overview of Canadian Labour Law" (Miller); "Industrial Conflict and Resolution in Canada and Britain" (Haiven); "Collective Bargaining in the Public Sector in Canada" (Calvert); "Canadian Automobile Industry: Work…

  11. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor - Canada Survey | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    They will also allow detailed comparisons with developing countries. This comparative analysis will support dialogue on the following issues: -ways to improve entrepreneurship; -the private sector's role in fostering entrepreneurship; and, -how greater entrepreneurship can contribute to economic development in Canada ...

  12. French Immersion in Canada: Theory and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safty, Adel

    1991-01-01

    Reviews the theoretical foundations of French immersion programs in Canada, which are based on early exposure, creation of a natural imitative environment, cross-language interference and support, contextualized learning, and a communicative approach. Describes the practical applications of the theories, immersion program teachers and their roles,…

  13. STEM Education in Canada: A Knowledge Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCoito, Isha

    2016-01-01

    Across Canada many initiatives have been initiated to generate more interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education; however, no single or comprehensive overview has been conducted that takes into account the impact of these STEM initiatives on teaching/learning outcomes in K-12 education. This knowledge synthesis of…

  14. Information Literacy Training in Canada's Public Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julien, Heidi; Hoffman, Cameron

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL training practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a…

  15. Ethnic identity of older Chinese in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Daniel W L

    2012-06-01

    In Canada's multicultural society, ethnic identity is important to the elderly and can influence areas such as access to services, health promotion and care. Often, the complex nature of ethnic identity is underestimated when looking at cultural groups. This study aims to: (a) validate the factor structure of a Chinese ethnic identity measure for older Chinese in Canada, (b) examine the level of ethnic identity of the participants, and (c) examine the correlates of ethnic identity in these older individuals. Using data from a large, national research project on the elderly Chinese in Canada, this study analyzed the results gathered from a total of 2,272 participants. Principal component analysis, maximum-likelihood confirmatory factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed. The results indicated that ethnic identity of the older Chinese is a multi-dimensional construct made up of three factors: (a) culture related activities, (b) community ties, (c) linkage with country of origin, and (d) cultural identification. The findings have provided a better understanding of how ethnic identity can be measured among the aging Chinese population in Canada.

  16. Addiction Medicine in Canada: Challenges and Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    el-Guebaly, Nady; Crockford, David; Cirone, Sharon; Kahan, Meldon

    2011-01-01

    In Canada, the qualification of physicians is the jurisdiction of the College of Family Physicians and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. The Colleges have promoted the training of "generalists" in family medicine and "sophisticated generalists" among the traditional specialties, and the development of subspecialties…

  17. Canada thistle phenology in broadbean canopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Wesołowski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Soine of the developmental stages of Canada thistle - Cirsium arvense (L. Scop. (I. emergence and early growth, II. shooting, II. budding, IV. flowering, V. fructification, VI. shedding of fruits on the background of development stages of broad-bean, weeded by herbicides and without that weed-killing substances, were presented in the paper. Phenological observations were carried out on the plants growing on alluvial soil developed from light loam in Zakrz6w near Tarnobrzeg. It was proved that phenological development of Canada thistle, during broad-bean vegetation, depended on course of weather conditions and method of crop care. Emergence of the weed occurred earlier than broad-bean plants during warm and rather dry seasons. In every vegetation period, emergence and early vegetation stage (to 4 leaves seedling of Canada thistle lasted about 3 months, until broad-bean got full pod setting. During wet and cold season (in 2001 the weed emerged also early under herbicide (Afalon 1,5 kg ha-1 condition. Until to broad-bean harvest, Canada thistle attained the finish developmental stages, that means fruiting and fruit shedding. Herbicide treatment delayed the last two stages and limited fruit shedding by plants of Cirsium arvense.

  18. Echinococcus multilocularis in Urban Coyotes, Alberta, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, Stefano; Lejeune, Manigandan; Liccioli, Stefano; Verocai, Guilherme G.; Gesy, Karen M.; Jenkins, Emily J.; Kutz, Susan J.; Fuentealba, Carmen; Duignan, Padraig J.

    2012-01-01

    Echinococcus multilocularis is a zoonotic parasite in wild canids. We determined its frequency in urban coyotes (Canis latrans) in Alberta, Canada. We detected E. multilocularis in 23 of 91 coyotes in this region. This parasite is a public health concern throughout the Northern Hemisphere, partly because of increased urbanization of wild canids. PMID:23017505

  19. Culture and Community in Canada's Isolated Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, John; Anderson, Kirk; Jamal, Samina

    This paper presents highlights from surveys of some of Canada's most isolated schools, located in northern Labrador, Nunavut, northern Saskatchewan, and northern and interior British Columbia. Most served Inuit or other First Nations communities. Although all schools had contact by phone and most had e-mail, few were accessible by road. Five Inuit…

  20. extérieur du canada

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Hakan Mustafa

    RENSEIGNEMENTS GÉNÉRAUX, FISCAUX ET BANCAIRES DU FOURNISSEUR –. EXTÉRIEUR DU CANADA. Veuillez lire attentivement les instructions figurant aux pages 2 et 3 avant de remplir le présent formulaire. Nouveau. Modification. Section 1 : RENSEIGNEMENTS GÉNÉRAUX. Nom du particulier (nom, prénom) ...

  1. Reconsidering the Right to Privacy in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shade, Leslie Regan

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that post-September 11 political debates and legislation around security necessitates a reconsideration of a right to privacy in Canada. It looks at the proposal for a Canadian Charter of Privacy Rights promoted by Senator Sheila Finestone in the late 1990s and the current challenges of emergent material technologies…

  2. Submarine landslides in Arctic sedimentation: Canada Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosher, David C.; Shimeld, John; Hutchinson, Deborah R.; Lebedova-Ivanova, N; Chapman, C.

    2016-01-01

    Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean is the least studied ocean basin in the World. Marine seismic field programs were conducted over the past 6 years using Canadian and American icebreakers. These expeditions acquired more than 14,000 line-km of multibeam bathymetric and multi-channel seismic reflection data over abyssal plain, continental rise and slope regions of Canada Basin; areas where little or no seismic reflection data existed previously. Canada Basin is a turbidite-filled basin with flat-lying reflections correlateable over 100s of km. For the upper half of the sedimentary succession, evidence of sedimentary processes other than turbidity current deposition is rare. The Canadian Archipelago and Beaufort Sea margins host stacked mass transport deposits from which many of these turbidites appear to derive. The stratigraphic succession of the MacKenzie River fan is dominated by mass transport deposits; one such complex is in excess of 132,000 km2 in area and underlies much of the southern abyssal plain. The modern seafloor is also scarred with escarpments and mass failure deposits; evidence that submarine landsliding is an ongoing process. In its latest phase of development, Canada Basin is geomorphologically confined with stable oceanographic structure, resulting in restricted depositional/reworking processes. The sedimentary record, therefore, underscores the significance of mass-transport processes in providing sediments to oceanic abyssal plains as few other basins are able to do.

  3. Alcohol use among immigrants in Ontario, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agic, Branka; Mann, Robert E; Tuck, Andrew; Ialomiteanu, Anca; Bondy, Susan; Simich, Laura; Ilie, Gabriela

    2016-03-01

    This study examined prevalence of alcohol consumption among immigrants and the Canadian-born populations of Ontario by ethnic origin, and the association between ethnicity, country of birth, age at arrival, length of residence in Canada and drinking measures. Data were derived from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) Monitor, a cross-sectional survey of Ontario adults, conducted between January 2005 and December 2010 (n = 13,557). The prevalence of alcohol consumption and risk drinking was generally lower among foreign-born than Canadian-born respondents, but significant variations across ethnic groups were found. In general, foreign-born respondents of European descent reported higher rates of alcohol use and risk drinking than foreign-born respondents from other ethnic groups. We also observed that ethnicity effects varied by whether or not respondents were born in Canada, and by the age at which they arrived in Canada. While previous studies generally found an increase in immigrants' alcohol consumption with years in Canada, our data suggest that longer duration of residence may have either positive or negative effects on immigrants' alcohol use, depending on the country of origin/traditional drinking pattern. More research is needed to explore determinants of alcohol use and risk drinking among immigrants and to identify those groups at highest risk. © 2015 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs.

  4. Evolving Perspectives on Lyme Borreliosis in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperling, JLH; Middelveen, MJ; Klein, D; Sperling, FAH

    2012-01-01

    With cases now documented in every province, Lyme borreliosis (LB) is emerging as a serious public health risk in Canada. Controversy over the contribution of LB to the burden of chronic disease is maintained by difficulty in capturing accurate Canadian statistics, especially early clinical cases of LB. The use of dogs as sentinel species demon-strates that potential contact with Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes, as detected by C6 peptide, extends across the country. Dissemination of infected ticks by migratory birds and rapid establishment of significant levels of infection have been well described. Canadian public health response has focused on identification of established populations of the tick vectors, Ixodes scapularis and I. pacificus, on the assumption that these are the only important vectors of the disease across Canada. Strains of B. burgdorferi circulating in Canada and the full range of their reservoir species and coinfections remain to be explored. Ongoing surveys and historical records demonstrate that Borrelia-positive Ixodes species are regu-larly present in regions of Canada that have previously been considered to be outside of the ranges of these species in re-cent modeling efforts. We present data demonstrating that human cases of LB are found across the nation. Consequently, physician education and better early diagnoses are needed to prevent long term sequelae. An international perspective will be paramount for developing improved Canadian guidelines that recognize the complexity and diversity of Lyme borreliosis. PMID:23091570

  5. Education of advanced practice nurses in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Misener, Ruth; Bryant-Lukosius, Denise; Harbman, Patricia; Donald, Faith; Kaasalainen, Sharon; Carter, Nancy; Kilpatrick, Kelley; DiCenso, Alba

    2010-12-01

    In Canada, education programs for the clinical nurse specialist (CNS) and nurse practitioner (NP) roles began 40 years ago. NP programs are offered in almost all provinces. Education for the CNS role has occurred through graduate nursing programs generically defined as providing preparation for advanced nursing practice. For this paper, we drew on pertinent sections of a scoping review of the literature and key informant interviews conducted for a decision support synthesis on advanced practice nursing to describe the following: (1) history of advanced practice nursing education in Canada, (2) current status of advanced practice nursing education in Canada, (3) curriculum issues, (4) interprofessional education, (5) resources for education and (6) continuing education. Although national frameworks defining advanced nursing practice and NP competencies provide some direction for education programs, Canada does not have countrywide standards of education for either the NP or CNS role. Inconsistency in the educational requirements for primary healthcare NPs continues to cause significant problems and interferes with inter-jurisdictional licensing portability. For both CNSs and NPs, there can be a mismatch between a generalized education and specialized practice. The value of interprofessional education in facilitating effective teamwork is emphasized. Recommendations for future directions for advanced practice nursing education are offered.

  6. Aging in Canada: State of the Art and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheets, Debra J.; Gallagher, Elaine M.

    2013-01-01

    Canada shares many similarities with other industrialized countries around the world, including a rapidly aging population. What sets Canada uniquely apart is the collaborative approach that has been enacted in the health care system and the aging research initiatives. Canada has tremendous pride in its publicly funded health care system that…

  7. 77 FR 39624 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney Canada Turboprop Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... holidays. Fax: 202-493-2251. For service information identified in this AD, contact Pratt & Whitney Canada...-238-7176; fax: 781-238-7199. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion Transport Canada, which is the... information referenced above. We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all information provided by Canada...

  8. PubMed Central Canada: Beyond an Open Access Repository?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv

    2013-01-01

    PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) represents a partnership between the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the National Research Council's Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (NRC-CISTI), and the National Library of Medicine of the US. The present study was done to gauge faculty awareness about the CIHR Policy on…

  9. Delusions of power : vanity, folly and the uncertain future of Canada`s hydro giants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skene, W.

    1997-12-31

    The current state of Canada`s power supply industry was reviewed. The author explained how Canada`s biggest electrical empires (Ontario Hydro, B.C. Hydro and Hydro-Quebec) were forged and how they have influenced not only Canada`s economic development but also how Canadians live their daily lives. He investigates how political and corporate decisions being made today will influence our future ability to have access to a reliable supply of low-cost electricity. The environmental and social costs of alternative power generation were also examined. He outlines the past behaviour of publicly owned utilities which was characterized by overspending and excessive generating capacity. These practices invited the current round of restructuring, deregulation, demonopolization and privatization. He feels that these forces are threatening to break up Canada`s publicly owned and regulated electric power system. Arguments for and against dismantling, selling off, or reorganizing the public utilities were dissected in an attempt to find answers as to how we got ourselves into the current mess. This unprecedented drive for restructuring may turn out to be an event more profound in terms of its implications for our future than the eighteenth century transition from agricultural society to an industrial society. The overall conclusion was that large public utilities, especially those relying on nuclear and fossil-fuel generation, will have to make way for renewable sources. It was predicted that new technologies will be developed that will inevitably lead to the dismantling of the large utilities over time. If we are wise enough to learn from our mistakes, publicly-owned and regulated utilities will continue to be allowed to co-exist with new entrants to provide the reliability and quality of service that competition and new competitive entrants into the field cannot provide. 112 refs.

  10. Les principaux accidents de déversements pétroliers en mer et la banque de données de l'Institut Français du Pétrole sur les accidents de navires (1955-1979 The Principal Offshore Oil-Spill Accidents and the Tanker Casualties Data-Bank(1955-1979 Compiled by Institut Français du Pétrole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand A. R. V.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Après avoir exposé les principaux problèmes posés par le déversement accidentel de pétrole en mer sous ses aspects qualitatifs et quantitatifs, puis rappelé un certain nombre de données tirées d'études antérieures, nous indiquons les résultats de l'activité documentaire de l'Institut Français du Pétrole dans ce domaine : -liste d'accidents ayant donné lieu à un déversement supérieur à 500 t et d'origines diverses (navires, plates-formes, oléoducs, installations côtières; - banque de données sur les accidents de navires. Cette banque concernant plus de 400 accidents survenus de 1955 à 1979 a permis d'établir plusieurs corrélations et de préciser quelques points. En particulier si le nombre d'accidents « principaux » ne semble pas avoir augmenté d'une façon significative au cours de ces dernières années ainsi que le déversement global dû aux accidents, celui-ci nous paraît avoir été sous-estimé dans les évaluations antérieures. II devrait s'élever à 500 000 t/an au lieu de 300 000 t/an, chiffre donné en 1973 par la National Academy of Sciences américaine et constamment repris depuis dans de nombreux rapports et publications. After describing the main problems raised by occidental offshore oil spills from a qualitative and quantitative standpoint and then reviewing various data token from previous reports, this article goes on to describe the results of documentary activity by Institut Français du Pétrole in this field - list of accidents resulting in a spill of more than 500 t and coming from various origins (ships, platforms, pipelines, coastal installations; - data bank on ship accidents. This data bank includes more thon 400 accidents occurring between 1955 and 1979. It reveals various correlations and specific points. In particular, whereas the number of « principal » accidents does not seem to have appreciably increased in the last few years nor has the overall amount thus spilled, these data

  11. Determination of the food consumption in eleven regions of the european community with a view to studying the radioactive contamination level: Methods used. Results of family enquiries; Determination des regimes alimentaires des populations de onze regions de la communaute europeenne en vue de l'etude des niveaux de contamination radioactive: Methodologie. Resultats des enquetes familiales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cresta, M.; Lacourly, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-07-01

    In the present report are given the results obtained from food surveys carried out during the period 1963-1965 and involving 9000 families living in eleven regions spread out over the six European Community countries. A partial analysis of the results obtained covers a reduced sample of 3725 families; it makes it possible to fix the composition of the mean individual, monthly and annual food consumptions for each of the eleven regions. Details of the organisation of the survey, of the data processing methods and of the method of presenting the results are given in the first part of the report. the second part presents, in numerical table form, the consumption of various foodstuffs and the feeding principles for each region covered by the survey. Tables summarizing the data make it possible to compare the mean individual consumptions in the various regions studied. (author) [French] Dans le present rapport sont rassembles les premiers resultats des enquetes alimentaires effectuees pendant la periode 1963-1965, aupres de 9000 familles, dans onze regions reparties dans les six pays de la Communaute Europeenne. L'exploitation partielle des donnees obtenues porte sur un echantillon reduit a 3725 familles et permet d'etablir la composition du regime alimentaire moyen individuel, mensuel et annuel de chacune des onze regions. L'organisation des enquetes, la methode de traitement des donnees et l'expression des resultats sont exposees dans la premiere partie du rapport. La seconde reunit, sous forme de tableaux numeriques, les consommations des differents aliments et principes alimentaires par region d'enquetes. Des tableaux recapitulatifs permettent, en outre, une comparaison des consommations moyennes, individuelles des differentes regions etudiees. (auteur)

  12. Effects of pesticides on Canada Geese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blus, L.J.; Rusch, Donald H.; Samuel, Michael D.; Humburg, Dale D.; Sullivan, Brian D.

    1998-01-01

    This paper summarizes published and unpublished sources relating to exposure of Canada geese (Branta canadensis) to pesticides, emphasizing documented episodes of poisoning by organochlorine (OC), organophosphorus (OP), and carbamate compounds. Canada geese accumulate the lipid-soluble OC compounds, although they have a lower potential for biomagnification of these pesticides than animals at higher trophic levels in food webs. Low residues of p,p'-DDT and its metabolite p,p'-DDE were frequently found in tissues and eggs of Canada geese, but they had no apparent adverse effects on reproductive success or eggshell thickness. Likewise, in an orchard system in central Washington state, the OC rodenticide endrin accumulated in tissues and eggs of Canada geese without apparent adverse effect. In contrast, ingestion of seeds treated with the OC heptachlor caused mortality, lowered reproductive success, and caused a local population decline of geese in Oregon and Washington. In recent years, the most persistent OC's have been banned by law and replaced with less persistent carbamate and OP compounds that do not readily accumulate in animal tissues. However, many of these compounds are acutely toxic and have caused numerous die-offs of Canada geese. Among OP compounds, diazinon was responsible for most reported die-offs (41 incidents involving >535 geese), whereas parathion applied alone or jointly with methyl parathion accounted for most reported mortalities (8 incidents involving >3,000 geese). Three other OP's, a carbamate (carbofuran), zinc phosphide, and strychnine also caused goose die-offs. Mortality from anticholinesterase (antiChE) compounds occurs relatively soon after exposure and death can usually be diagnosed by evaluation of brain cholinesterase (thE) activity. Because geese are primarily grazers, the main route of exposure to antiChE's is apparently ingestion of contaminated grasses and forbs; dermal absorption and inhalation are other routes. Despite the

  13. Water and beverage consumption among children aged 4-13 years in France: analyses of INCA 2 (Étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires 2006-2007) data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieux, Florent; Maillot, Matthieu; Constant, Florence; Drewnowski, Adam

    2016-09-01

    To examine the consumption of plain water among children in France and compare total water intakes with guidelines issued by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Nationally representative data were used to assess food, beverage and water consumption by sex, age group (4-8 years, 9-13 years), income-to-poverty ratio, eating occasion and location. Beverages were classified into nine groups: water (tap or bottled), milk, 100 % fruit juice, sodas, fruit drinks, hot beverages, sports drinks and flavoured waters. Total water volume in relation to energy intake (litres/kcal) was also examined. INCA 2 study (Étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires 2006-2007). French children (n 835) aged 4-13 years. Total water intakes were accounted for by plain water (34 %), beverages (26 %) and food moisture (40 %). Plain water could be tap (18 %) or bottled (16 %). Older children drank more plain water than did younger children and boys drank more plain water than did girls. No socio-economic gradient for plain water consumption was observed. About 90 % of children did not meet the EFSA water intake recommendations. The daily water shortfall ranged from 367 to 594 ml/d. Water-to-energy ratio was 0·75-0·77 litres/1000 kcal (4184 kJ). Children drank milk at breakfast and plain water during lunch and dinner. Caloric beverages provided 10 % of dietary energy; consumption patterns varied by eating location. Total water intakes among young children in France were below EFSA-recommended levels. Analyses of beverage consumption patterns by eating occasion and location can help identify ways to increase water consumption among children.

  14. GEOID '88: A gravimetric geoid for Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Dezso

    1989-01-01

    Using Stokes' formula, a gravimetric geoid was calculated for Canada. The input data are as follows: 15 x 15' block averages were used for Canada and the USA and 1 x 1 deg block averages and satellite model (GEM-T1) provided values for the remaining part of the Earth. The geoid was calculated at 6398 points covering the area within the points rho(sub i)(phi sub i; lambda sub i) (lambda is + west): rho sub 1(40,125); rho sub 2(75,184); rho sub 3(75,10); and rho sub 4(40,60). The computed geoid refers to the GRS1980 and reaches a local minimum of -47.3 meters around the western part of Hudson Bay. A contour map of the geoid is shown.

  15. Lyme disease in Canada: Focus on children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onyett, Heather

    2014-08-01

    Lyme disease, the most common tick-borne infection in Canada and much of the United States, is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. Peak incidence for Lyme disease is among children five to nine years of age and older adults (55 to 59 years of age). The bacteria are transmitted through the bite of infected black-legged ticks of the Ixodes species. The primary hosts of black-legged ticks are mice and other rodents, small mammals, birds (which are reservoirs for B burgdorferi) and white-tailed deer. Geographical distribution of Ixodes ticks is expanding in Canada and an increasing number of cases of Lyme disease are being reported. The present practice point reviews the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, management and prevention of Lyme disease, with a focus on children.

  16. Canada Basin Acoustic Propagation Experiment (CANAPE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    fundamental limits to the use of acoustic methods and signal processing imposed by ice and ocean processes in the new Arctic. The hope is that these...1 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Canada Basin Acoustic Propagation Experiment (CANAPE...ocean structure. Changes in sea ice and the water column affect both acoustic propagation and ambient noise. This implies that what was learned

  17. Estimating the prevalence of infertility in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushnik, Tracey; Cook, Jocelynn L.; Yuzpe, A. Albert; Tough, Suzanne; Collins, John

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND Over the past 10 years, there has been a significant increase in the use of assisted reproductive technologies in Canada, however, little is known about the overall prevalence of infertility in the population. The purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of current infertility in Canada according to three definitions of the risk of conception. METHODS Data from the infertility component of the 2009–2010 Canadian Community Health Survey were analyzed for married and common-law couples with a female partner aged 18–44. The three definitions of the risk of conception were derived sequentially starting with birth control use in the previous 12 months, adding reported sexual intercourse in the previous 12 months, then pregnancy intent. Prevalence and odds ratios of current infertility were estimated by selected characteristics. RESULTS Estimates of the prevalence of current infertility ranged from 11.5% (95% CI 10.2, 12.9) to 15.7% (95% CI 14.2, 17.4). Each estimate represented an increase in current infertility prevalence in Canada when compared with previous national estimates. Couples with lower parity (0 or 1 child) had significantly higher odds of experiencing current infertility when the female partner was aged 35–44 years versus 18–34 years. Lower odds of experiencing current infertility were observed for multiparous couples regardless of age group of the female partner, when compared with nulliparous couples. CONCLUSIONS The present study suggests that the prevalence of current infertility has increased since the last time it was measured in Canada, and is associated with the age of the female partner and parity. PMID:22258658

  18. U.S. - UK - Canada Trilateral Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-02

    Lockheed Martin Canada · Mr. George S. (Sam) Sevier , Senior Advisor, MK Technology FUTURE OF TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATION: GOVERNMENT AND... Sevier , Senior Advisor, MK Technology 15:00 – 15:15 NETWORKING COFFEE BREAK 15:15 – 16:15 FUTURE OF TRANSATLANTIC ARMAMENTS COOPERATION: GOVERNMENT...GEORGE S. (SAM) SEVIER SENIOR ADVISOR, MK TECHNOLOGY George S. “Sam” Sevier , Senior Executive Service 4, Department of Defense (ret.), Colonel, USAF (ret

  19. Cronkhite-Canada syndrome: case description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Da Porto

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available We present the case of an 80-year old woman affected by the Cronkhite-Canada syndrome. This rare disease was described for the first time in 1955. It is characterized by the growth of multiple polyps in the gastroenteric tract, leading to diarrhea, alopecia, dystrophy of nails and hyper-pigmented skin. In this article, we describe the patient’s clinical picture and report the results of laboratory tests and imaging assessments.

  20. Sources of child maltreatment information in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, D A; Hovdestad, W E; Tonmyr, L

    2013-02-01

    Interest in understanding the problem of child maltreatment is widely shared by governments, organizations of physicians, and others. Our objective was to describe and discuss sources of information in Canada that could be used to help understand the nature and scope of the problem, either within any province or territory, or across all of Canada. A series of web searches and a focused literature review were conducted to identify sources of child maltreatment information. Government departments responsible for child welfare were also contacted on an as-needed basis in order to identify additional sources. Identified sources included: child welfare administrative provincial/territorial data and reports based on those data, other child welfare information, surveys of child protection workers and shelter workers, mortality/morbidity data, police data, direct surveys of children and their parents, and the 2011 Canadian census. Each type of source had strengths and limitations in terms of how it could describe the nature and scope of the problem of child maltreatment. Increased use of morbidity and mortality data, data linking, expanding existing databases, and increasing the use of general population surveys could expand understanding of child maltreatment in Canada.

  1. Thallium contamination of water in Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheam, V. [National Water Research Institute Branch, Burlington, ON (Canada). Aquatic Ecosystems Protection Research Branch

    2001-07-01

    A highly sensitive instrument, a Laser-Excited Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometer, has been developed to study thallium contamination in some important Canadian ecosystems from the Arctic (containing very low thallium concentration) to coal-related industries across Canada and even to the study of thallium toxicity in an invertebrate, Hyalella azteca. Overall, the data indicate that the coal power plants and mines contain higher thallium concentrations than the other ecosystems studied, and the eastern region has the highest Tl concentrations compared to other regions. The range of thallium concentration in ng/L for the Arctic snow and ice was between not detected and 8.4, for the Great Lakes waters 0.9 to 48, for pore waters 0.1 to 213, for western coal power plants and mines 0.1 to 1326, for central coal power plants 1.2 to 175, for eastern coal power plants and mines 0.2 to 23605, and for miscellaneous sites across Canada not detected to 4390 ng/L. Some of these high concentrations and those high ones reported in industrial wastewaters exceeded the chronic toxicity endpoints for Hyalella azteca mortality, growth and reproduction, and thus can cause serious distress to the environment. All data were integrated into a map of thallium distribution, the first one in Canada. Natural background level of thallium for the Arctic was estimated to be 0.02 to 0.03 pg/g.

  2. Canada: variations on a common theme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raisa B. Deber

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Canada faces health care challenges common to all industrialized countries – how to ensure timely access to high quality care, close to home, at an affordable cost. Addressing these challenges is complicated by interjurisdictional variation in both how health care is managed and delivered, and in health outcomes. Canada can be described as a non-system of 10 provincial and three territorial health insurance plans which mandate publicly-funded coverage for medically necessary hospital and physician services, based upon common principles and shaped by a federal governance structure that affords substantial power and autonomy to the provinces/territories over matters of health and health care. This article first examines the structural context of the health care system in Canada, including the range of services publicly funded, the public-private mix, and the complexities of current governance arrangements. It then discusses several issues affecting health policy reform: costs versus access; questions of sustainability, quality, and performance; human resources capacity; and the provision of public and population health services.

  3. Canada: psychosis in the immigrant Caribbean population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeman, Mary V

    2011-09-01

    Many reports from European countries suggest that acute episodes of psychosis are more frequent among immigrants from the Caribbean than among their non-immigrant peers. The aim of this selective review is to examine how the social correlates of migration to Canada interact with biological mechanisms to contribute to psychosis in the Caribbean population. PubMed and JSTOR social science databases (between 1966 and 2010) were searched using the following search terms: psychiatric genetics; dopamine pathways; Caribbean family structure and child rearing; cannabis and psychosis; obstetric complications and schizophrenia; social defeat; social capital; racial discrimination; urbanicity; immigration; assimilation; and immigration. This was followed by the cross-checking of references pertinent to Canada. There was no information about the prevalence of psychosis in Afro-Caribbean immigrant groups to Canada. There was a suggestion that the form the acute episode takes may differ, depending perhaps on the island of origin. Ethnicity and migration influence susceptibility and response to psychotic illness in a number of distinct and interacting ways depending both on the host country and the country of origin. Understanding the pathways can help to protect the health of immigrants.

  4. Clinical neuropsychology practice and training in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janzen, Laura A; Guger, Sharon

    2016-11-01

    This invited paper provides information about professional neuropsychology issues in Canada and is part of a special issue addressing international perspectives on education, training, and practice in clinical neuropsychology. Information was gathered from literature searches and personal communication with other neuropsychologists in Canada. Canada has a rich neuropsychological history. Neuropsychologists typically have doctoral-level education including relevant coursework and supervised practical experience. Licensure requirements vary across the 10 provinces and there are regional differences in salary. While training at the graduate and internship level mirrors that of our American colleagues, completion of a two-year postdoctoral fellowship in neuropsychology is not required to obtain employment in many settings and there are few postdoctoral training programs in this country. The majority of neuropsychologists are employed in institutional settings (e.g. hospitals, universities, rehabilitation facilities), with a growing number entering private practice or other settings. There are challenges in providing neuropsychological services to the diverse Canadian population and a need for assessment measures and normative data in multiple languages. Canadian neuropsychologists face important challenges in defining ourselves as distinct from other professions and other psychologists, in maintaining funding for high-quality training and research, in establishing neuropsychology-specific training and practice standards at the provincial or national level, and ensuring the clinical care that we provide is efficient and effective in meeting the needs of our patient populations and consumers, both within and outside of the publically funded health care system.

  5. Hunger among Inuit children in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findlay, Leanne C; Langlois, Kellie A; Kohen, Dafna E

    2013-01-01

    Inuit populations may be at increased risk for experiencing poor nutrition or hunger due to limited access and availability to food. The prevalence and correlates of parental perceptions of hunger among a nationally representative sample of Inuit children in Canada have not yet been reported. Data are from the 2006 Aboriginal Children's Survey (ACS). Sociodemographic information, dietary behaviours and hunger status were parent-reported via a household interview for Inuit children aged 2-5 years (n=1,234). Prevalence of hunger was calculated among Inuit children by sociodemographic factors and by dietary behaviours. In addition, a multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to determine factors associated with parental perception of ever experiencing hunger. The prevalence of Inuit children in Canada aged 2-5 years ever experiencing hunger was 24.4%. Children who were reported to have experienced hunger consumed milk and milk products (p0.05). The majority (81%) of Inuit parents/guardians of ever-hungry children sought help from family or friends. Factors associated with an increased likelihood of experiencing hunger include sociodemographic characteristics (such as income and household size), living in an Inuit region and living in a community with cultural activities. About 1 in 4 Inuit children were reported by their parents to have experienced hunger, and hunger was associated with region, sociodemographic and community factors. Future research could further examine the impact of ever experiencing hunger on the health status of Inuit children and their families in Canada.

  6. Fertility Adaptation of Child Migrants to Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adsera, Alicia; Ferrer, Ana

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes the fertility behavior of immigrant women arriving to Canada before age 19 using the 20 per cent sample of the Canadian Census from 1991 through 2006. Findings show that fertility increases with age at immigration, and is particularly high for those immigrating in their late teens. This pattern prevails regardless of the country of origin or whether the mother tongue of the migrant is an official language in Canada or not. We do not find a ‘critical age’ at which the behavior of migrants with and without official mother tongue start to diverge by more, even though the fertility of migrants without official mother tongue is always higher on average. Formal education matters as the fertility of immigrants who arrived to Canada before adulthood and graduated from college is similar to that of their native peers regardless of their age of arrival. However, the fertility of those with less than tertiary education increasingly diverges with age at migration from similarly educated Canadians. PMID:23800074

  7. Very Low Head Turbine Deployment in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, P.; Williams, C.; Sasseville, Remi; Anderson, N.

    2014-03-01

    The Very Low Head (VLH) turbine is a recent turbine technology developed in Europe for low head sites in the 1.4 - 4.2 m range. The VLH turbine is primarily targeted for installation at existing hydraulic structures to provide a low impact, low cost, yet highly efficient solution. Over 35 VLH turbines have been successfully installed in Europe and the first VLH deployment for North America is underway at Wasdell Falls in Ontario, Canada. Deployment opportunities abound in Canada with an estimated 80,000 existing structures within North America for possible low-head hydro development. There are several new considerations and challenges for the deployment of the VLH turbine technology in Canada in adapting to the hydraulic, environmental, electrical and social requirements. Several studies were completed to determine suitable approaches and design modifications to mitigate risk and confirm turbine performance. Diverse types of existing weirs and spillways pose certain hydraulic design challenges. Physical and numerical modelling of the VLH deployment alternatives provided for performance optimization. For this application, studies characterizing the influence of upstream obstacles using water tunnel model testing as well as full-scale prototype flow dynamics testing were completed. A Cold Climate Adaptation Package (CCA) was developed to allow year-round turbine operation in ice covered rivers. The CCA package facilitates turbine extraction and accommodates ice forces, frazil ice, ad-freezing and cold temperatures that are not present at the European sites. The Permanent Magnet Generator (PMG) presents some unique challenges in meeting Canadian utility interconnection requirements. Specific attention to the frequency driver control and protection requirements resulted in a driver design with greater over-voltage capability for the PMG as well as other key attributes. Environmental studies in Europe included fish friendliness testing comprised of multiple in

  8. Canada's e-health journey and HIMSS Analytics' Canada Information and Communications Technology Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    In spring 2007, HIMSS Analytics began developing its first Canada Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Study. Less than one year later, 38 RHAs, DHAs and HAs are already on board, with some 20 more scheduled to participate by year's end. Why are so many Canadian provincial healthcare delivery organizations now participating in HIMSS Analytics' Canada ICT Study? The answer is tied to the character of the HIMSS study, the value offered to all participants and specific Canadian healthcare issues that are addressed by the study.

  9. Real wages in Australia and Canada, 1870-1913

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greasley, David; Madsen, Jakob Brøchner; Oxley, Les

    2000-01-01

    Australia's and Canada's real wage experiences between 1870 and 1913 were distinctive. Faster productivity growth underpinned Canada's overtaking of Australia's wage levels. The globalization forces of migration and trade also shaped their comparative wages, principally by reducing wage growth...... in Canada. Immigration increased slightly Australia's real wages, but reduced wage levels in Canada, and tempered there the beneficial effects of rising productivity and improving terms of trade. In contrast, wage earners' share of national income rose after 1890 in Australia, with the productivity slowdown...... hitting chiefly rents and profits. Distributional shifts favouring wage earners in Australia, and the depressing effects of mass immigration on wages in Canada, limited Canada's wage lead before 1914, despite her faster productivity growth...

  10. Changes in Distribution of Canada Geese Nesting in Arkansas

    OpenAIRE

    Ronke, M. Eliese; Krementz, David G.

    2015-01-01

    The reintroduced Canada goose (Branta canadensis) population in Arkansas has grown in range and abundance in recent decades. We determined the geographic range of Arkansas resident Canada geese from 2004 to 2012 using volume contour maps from citizen science observations using eBird, a citizen science website, and hunter recovery locations from the U.S. Geological Survey Bird Banding Laboratory. Resulting maps indicate an increase in Canada goose encounters toward northwestern and southwester...

  11. Climate Impacts on Northern Canada: Regional Background

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prowse, Terry D.; Peters, Daniel L. (Water and Climate Impacts Research Centre, Environment Canada, Dept. of Geography, Univ. of Victoria, Victoria, BC (Canada)). e-mail: terry.prowse@ec.gc.caa; Furgal, Chris (Indigenous Environmental Studies Program, Trent Univ., Peterborough, ON (Canada)); Bonsal, Barrie R. (National Water Research Inst., National Hydrology Research Centre, Environment Canada, Saskatoon, SK (Canada))

    2009-07-15

    Understanding the implications of climate change on northern Canada requires a background about the size and diversity of its human and biogeophysical systems. Occupying an area of almost 40% of Canada, with one-third of this contained in Arctic islands, Canada's northern territories consist of a diversity of physical environments unrivaled around the circumpolar north. Major ecozones composed of a range of landforms, climate, vegetation, and wildlife include: Arctic, boreal and taiga cordillera; boreal and taiga plains; taiga shield; and northern and southern Arctic. Although generally characterized by a cold climate, there is an enormous range in air temperature with mean annual values being as high as -5 deg C in the south to as low as -20 deg C in the high Arctic islands. A similar contrast characterizes precipitation, which can be >700 mm y-1 in some southern alpine regions to as low as 50 mm y-1 over islands of the high Arctic. Major freshwater resources are found within most northern ecozones, varying from large glaciers or ice caps and lakes to extensive wetlands and peat lands. Most of the North's renewable water, however, is found within its major river networks and originates in more southerly headwaters. Ice covers characterize the freshwater systems for multiple months of the year while permafrost prevails in various forms, dominating the terrestrial landscape. The marine environment, which envelops the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, is dominated by seasonal to multiyear sea ice often several meters thick that plays a key role in the regional climate. Almost two-thirds of northern Canadian communities are located along coastlines with the entire population being just over 100 000. Most recent population growth has been dominated by an expansion of nonaboriginals, primarily the result of resource development and the growth of public administration. The economies of northern communities, however, remain quite mixed with traditional land

  12. Hunger among Inuit children in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leanne C. Findlay

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives. Inuit populations may be at increased risk for experiencing poor nutrition or hunger due to limited access and availability to food. The prevalence and correlates of parental perceptions of hunger among a nationally representative sample of Inuit children in Canada have not yet been reported. Design. Data are from the 2006 Aboriginal Children's Survey (ACS. Sociodemographic information, dietary behaviours and hunger status were parent-reported via a household interview for Inuit children aged 2–5 years (n=1,234. Prevalence of hunger was calculated among Inuit children by sociodemographic factors and by dietary behaviours. In addition, a multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to determine factors associated with parental perception of ever experiencing hunger. Results. The prevalence of Inuit children in Canada aged 2–5 years ever experiencing hunger was 24.4%. Children who were reported to have experienced hunger consumed milk and milk products (p<0.001; fish, eggs and meat (p<0.05; fruits (p<0.001; and vegetables (p<0.001 significantly less often than never-hungry children. Fast food and processed foods, soft drinks and juice, and salty snacks, sweets and desserts were consumed as often as never-hungry children (all p>0.05. The majority (81% of Inuit parents/guardians of ever-hungry children sought help from family or friends. Factors associated with an increased likelihood of experiencing hunger include sociodemographic characteristics (such as income and household size, living in an Inuit region and living in a community with cultural activities. Conclusion. About 1 in 4 Inuit children were reported by their parents to have experienced hunger, and hunger was associated with region, sociodemographic and community factors. Future research could further examine the impact of ever experiencing hunger on the health status of Inuit children and their families in Canada.

  13. Canada : oil, gas, and the new Arctic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huebert, R. [Calgary Univ., AB (Canada). Dept. of Political Science; Calgary Univ., AB (Canada). Centre for Military and Strategic Studies

    2010-07-01

    This presentation provided a broad overview of the geopolitical issues affecting the massive transformation of the Arctic resulting from resource development, globalization, and climate change. Two Arctics are emerging, notably one European and one North American. Oil and gas companies are investing heavily in the North, and there is continued debate over pipelines and projects, but the viability of projects can shift abruptly from technological and political change. Recent examples include the emergence of shale gas, the possibility of the United States becoming a gas exporter, and the Deepwater Horizon disaster. In terms of Maritime jurisdictions and boundaries, a comparison was presented regarding the Canadian and Russian claims to the continental shelf. International cooperation and a commitment to peaceful means can be seen in the Ilulissat Declaration, the acceptance of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea as rules, the scientific cooperation of Canada, the United States, and Denmark, and the recent boundary agreement between Russia and Norway. The positions of the main players in the new geopolitics of the North were outlined, particularly with respect to Russia, the United States, Norway, Denmark, and Canada. Their recent policy statements and developing arctic force capabilities were summarized. Canada's more assertive Arctic policy was outlined in more detail along with the country's base locations and recent security actions in the North. The main issues facing nations with interests in the North will be maritime and aerospace; understanding the new players on the scene; and new technological developments. 10 figs., 5 refs.

  14. Hunger among Inuit children in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findlay, Leanne C.; Langlois, Kellie A.; Kohen, Dafna E.

    2013-01-01

    Background and objectives Inuit populations may be at increased risk for experiencing poor nutrition or hunger due to limited access and availability to food. The prevalence and correlates of parental perceptions of hunger among a nationally representative sample of Inuit children in Canada have not yet been reported. Design Data are from the 2006 Aboriginal Children's Survey (ACS). Sociodemographic information, dietary behaviours and hunger status were parent-reported via a household interview for Inuit children aged 2–5 years (n=1,234). Prevalence of hunger was calculated among Inuit children by sociodemographic factors and by dietary behaviours. In addition, a multivariate logistic regression model was conducted to determine factors associated with parental perception of ever experiencing hunger. Results The prevalence of Inuit children in Canada aged 2–5 years ever experiencing hunger was 24.4%. Children who were reported to have experienced hunger consumed milk and milk products (psweets and desserts were consumed as often as never-hungry children (all p>0.05). The majority (81%) of Inuit parents/guardians of ever-hungry children sought help from family or friends. Factors associated with an increased likelihood of experiencing hunger include sociodemographic characteristics (such as income and household size), living in an Inuit region and living in a community with cultural activities. Conclusion About 1 in 4 Inuit children were reported by their parents to have experienced hunger, and hunger was associated with region, sociodemographic and community factors. Future research could further examine the impact of ever experiencing hunger on the health status of Inuit children and their families in Canada. PMID:23620871

  15. Modeling the cardiac surgery workforce in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderby, Sonia A; Carter, Michael W; Latham, Timothy; Ouzounian, Maral; Hassan, Ansar; Tang, Gilbert H; Teng, Carolyn J; Kingsbury, Kori; Feindel, Christopher M

    2010-08-01

    Limited employment opportunities for recently trained cardiac surgeons are deterring medical students from entering cardiac surgery residency programs. Given the lengthy training period and the aging of both the general population and currently practicing cardiac surgeons, this reduced enrollment raises concerns about the adequacy of the future cardiac surgery workforce. A workforce model was developed to explore the future need for cardiac surgeons in Canada. A novel system dynamics model was developed to simulate the supply and demand for cardiac surgery in Canada between 2008 and 2030 to identify whether an excess or shortage of surgeons would exist. Several different scenarios were examined, including varying surgeon productivity, revascularization rates, and residency enrollment rates. The simulation results of various scenarios are presented. In the base case, a surgeon shortage is expected to develop by 2025, although this depends on surgeons' response to demand-supply gap changes. An alternative scenario in which residency enrollment directly relates to the presence of unemployed surgeons also projects substantial shortages after 2021. The model results indicate that if residency enrollment rates remain at the 2009 level an alarming shortage may develop soon, possibly reaching almost 50% of the Canadian cardiac surgical workforce. These workforce model results project an eventual cardiac surgeon shortage in Canada. This study highlights the possibility of a crisis in cardiac surgery and emphasizes the urgency with which enrollment into cardiac surgery training programs and the employability of recently trained cardiac surgery graduates need to be addressed. Copyright 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Progress against major depression in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patten, Scott B

    2002-10-01

    Generally, public health strategies for major depression have focused on case-finding, public and professional education, and disease-management strategies. In principle, increased rates of treatment utilization and improved treatment outcomes should lead to improved mental health at the population level. Progress of this sort, however, has been difficult to confirm. The National Population Health Survey (NPHS) is a large-scale longitudinal study of a representative sample drawn from the Canadian population. To date, Statistics Canada has released data from 3 NPHS cycles: 1994-1995, 1996-1997, and 1998-1999. Treatment utilization and major depression measures were employed in the NPHS survey, providing a unique source of longitudinal Canadian data. In this study, major depression point prevalence (defined using a predictive instrument for annual major depressive episode [MDE] prevalence and responses from a distress scale) and associated treatment utilization were evaluated over time. Between 1994-1995 and 1995-1996, the proportion of persons with depression receiving antidepressant treatment increased dramatically, from 18.2% (12.3% to 22.1%) in 1994-1995 to 32.6% (23.0% to 42.2%) in 1998-1999. Point prevalence of major depression was 2.4%, 1.8%, and 1.9% in the 3 NPHS iterations. Data from the NPHS suggest public health progress against major depression in Canada. More people with major depression in Canada are receiving treatment, and these changes may have been associated with improved population health status. However, both random variation and extraneous societal factors could account for the observed trends in prevalence. It is impossible to relate changes in utilization directly to population health status using the NPHS data.

  17. GPM GROUND VALIDATION ENVIRONMENT CANADA (EC) RADIOSONDE GCPEX V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The GPM Ground Validation Environment Canada (EC) Radiosonde GCPEx dataset provides measurements of pressure, temperature, humidity, and winds collected by Vaisala...

  18. GPM GROUND VALIDATION ENVIRONMENT CANADA (EC) RADIOMETER GCPEX V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The GPM Ground Validation Environment Canada (EC) Radiometer GCPEx dataset contains retrievals of temperature, water vapor, relative humidity, liquid water profiles...

  19. GPM GROUND VALIDATION METEOROLOGICAL TOWER ENVIRONMENT CANADA GCPEX V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The GPM Ground Validation Meteorological Tower Environment Canada GCPEx dataset provides temperature, relative humidity, 10 m winds, pressure and solar radiation...

  20. Social policy and practice in Canada: a history

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Finkel, Alvin

    2006-01-01

    ..., - Social policy and practice in Canada : a history / Alvin Finkel. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN : ---. ISBN : ---- . Canada- Social policy. . Public welfare- Canada- History. . Welfare state- Canada- History. I. Title. HV.F  .' C-- Cover and text design by Sa...

  1. ACCC's Response to Industry Canada's Consultation on Improving Canada's Digital Advantage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of Canadian Community Colleges, 2010

    2010-01-01

    As the national and international voice representing over 150 publicly-funded colleges, institutes, polytechnics, cegeps, university colleges and universities with a college mandate, the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC) welcomes the opportunity to provide input to Industry Canada's consultation on a Digital Economy Strategy for…

  2. Response to Industry Canada's Consultation Paper "Seizing Canada's Moment: Moving Forward in Science, Technology and Innovation"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Wayne D.; Turk, James L.

    2014-01-01

    According to these authors, Canada is in need of a new science policy and strategy. The current direction of the federal government is threatening to impede scientific progress and compromise the integrity and independence of public science. This is reflected in the government's waning commitment to funding basic research; its attempts to steer…

  3. Active Canada 20/20: A physical activity plan for Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, John C; Faulkner, Guy; Costas Bradstreet, Christa; Duggan, Mary; Tremblay, Mark S

    2016-03-16

    Physical inactivity is a pressing public health concern. In this commentary we argue that Canada's approach to increasing physical activity (PA) has been fragmented and has lacked coordination, funding and a strategic approach. We then describe a potential solution in Active Canada 20/20 (AC 20/20), which provides both a national plan and a commitment to action from non-government and public sectors with a view to engaging corporate Canada and the general public. It outlines a road map for initiating, coordinating and implementing proactive initiatives to address this prominent health risk factor. The identified actions are based on the best available evidence and have been endorsed by the majority of representatives in the relevant sectors. The next crucial steps are to engage all those involved in public health promotion, service provision and advocacy at the municipal, provincial and national levels in order to incorporate AC 20/20 principles into practice and planning and thus increase the PA level of every person in Canada. Further, governments, as well as the private, not-for-profit and philanthropic sectors, should demonstrate leadership and continue their efforts toward providing the substantial and sustained resources needed to recalibrate Canadians' habitual PA patterns; this will ultimately improve the overall health of our citizens.

  4. Social Science Research in Canada and Government Information Policy: The Statistics Canada Example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, Kirsti

    1998-01-01

    Identified the effects of government information policy on accessibility, use, and users by investigating policy effects on a government agency, Statistics Canada. Presents a case study and discusses bibliometric research on the use of statistics sources, examining Canadian social science journal articles in economics, education, geography,…

  5. « Très transformés, très emballés et très mauvais pour la santé... mais à faible risque » : exploration des liens entre sécurité des aliments et salubrité des aliments dans les collectivités

    OpenAIRE

    Kelsey A. Speed; Samantha B. Meyer; Rhona M. Hanning; Shannon E. Majowicz

    2017-01-01

    Introduction : L’insécurité alimentaire et les maladies d’origine alimentaire constituent des enjeux importants au Canada, et on peut considérer les mesures de santé publique prises pour les résoudre comme des facteurs qui façonnent l’environnement alimentaire. De nouvelles données probantes allant dans le sens d'une interrelation entre ces deux domaines, l’objectif de cette étude était d'explorer comment, en Colombie-Britannique (Canada), les efforts en matière de sécurité alimentaire des co...

  6. Food rationing during World War two: a special case of sustainable consumption? Rationnement alimentaire pendant la seconde guerre mondiale : Un cas particulier de consommation durable ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iselin Theien

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores some of the strategies applied by consumers for making-do during the Second World War in Norway. By reducing waste, using various substitutes and exploiting underused natural resources such as wild plants, birds, and alternative marine sources of nutrition, Norwegian consumers adapted their diet to a situation of food scarcity. However, their everyday consumption was primarily governed by the regulatory framework installed for dealing with the crisis, namely the rationing system. By 1942, almost all common foods had been placed under rationing. Despite of the many bureaucratic inconveniences of this system, it was largely supported by consumers, who accepted it as a socially just mechanism for distributing scarce resources. The article brings up the question of how far the willingness of consumers to accept rationing was a unique experience of the war, or whether one might imagine a similar design for purposes of sustainable consumption.Cet article explore quelques unes des stratégies utilisées par les consommateurs pour survivre pendant la 2è guerre mondiale en Norvège. En limitant les déchets, en utilisant des produits de substitution ainsi que les ressources de la nature telles que plantes sauvages, oiseaux et aliments marins alternatifs, les consommateurs norvégiens ont pu adapter leur alimentation à cette période de pénurie alimentaire. La nourriture quotidienne était toutefois essentiellement encadrée par la réglementation mise en place afin de faire face à la crise, c’est à dire le système de rationnement. En 1942, presque tous les aliments étaient rationnés. En dépit de ses nombreux inconvénients administratifs, le rationnement fut quand même soutenu par les consommateurs, qui l’acceptèrent comme un système socialement équitable pour la distribution des maigres ressources. L’article développe la question suivante : l’acceptation du rationnement par les consommateurs norvégiens est

  7. Faire la preuve de l’« authenticité » du patrimoine alimentaire Giving evidence of the authenticity of food heritage: the case of « local wines »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geneviève Teil

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur la notion d’« authenticité » appliquée au patrimoine des « vins de terroir ». Ces dix dernières années, des vignerons accusent la législation des AOC (Appellations d’Origine Contrôlées de ne plus protéger les terroirs et de laisser les mauvaises pratiques des vignerons les pervertir. Le retour vers la qualité de terroir repose donc la question de l’identification de la nature authentique de ce patrimoine alimentaire. Pour mener cette approche réflexive, une première partie est consacrée à une revue de littérature sur la notion d’« authenticité ». Une seconde partie analyse les questions et les pratiques déployées par les vignerons pour retrouver l’« authenticité » des terroirs exprimée par les vins ; et enfin les difficultés rencontrées au moment de concevoir une procédure de jugement de cette dernière. L’article montre que loin d’être une donnée objective non discutable, ou bien une simple illusion, l’« authenticité » des vins de terroir est un résultat attaché à l’ensemble des activités qui la font advenir.This article focuses on the notion of authenticity attributed to terroir wines as part of food heritage. Over the past ten years, the AOC system (protected designation of origin has come under attack from wine growers on the grounds that it no longer protects lands and vineyards, leaving them at the mercy of bad practice. The return of quality terroir therefore brings us back to the problem of proving the authenticity of this particular food heritage. The present study begins with a review of literature based on the notion of authenticity. It then explores the different methods used by wine growers to rediscover the ‘genuine’ taste of terroir and express it in their wines. It concludes by looking into the difficulties of designing a wine-tasting procedure capable of judging whether or not a wine really does express its terroir. The article shows

  8. Recovery in Canada: toward social equality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piat, Myra; Sabetti, Judith

    2012-02-01

    This article reviews evolution of the recovery paradigm in Canadian mental health. We first trace the origins and development of the recovery concept through the literature, followed by an examination of how the recovery concept has been implemented in national and provincial mental health policy since publication of the 2006 Kirby Commission Report. Based on consultations with Canadian policymakers, and an examination of available policy documents, we explore how the dual theme of 'recovery' and 'well-being', adopted by the Mental Health Commission of Canada in its 2009 strategy: Toward Recovery and Well-being - A Framework For a Mental Health Strategy has subsequently played out in mental health policymaking at the provincial level. Findings reveal mixed support for recovery as a guiding principle for mental health reform in Canada. While policies in some provinces reflect widespread support for recovery, and strong identification with the aspirations of the consumer movement; other provinces have shifted to population-based, wellness paradigms that privilege evidence-based services and professional expertise. The recognition of social equality for people who experience mental illness emerges as an important value in Canadian mental health policy, cutting across the conceptual divide between recovery and well-being.

  9. Mineral Facilities of Latin America and Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Rachel; Eros, Mike; Quintana-Velazquez, Meliany

    2006-01-01

    This data set consists of records for over 900 mineral facilities in Latin America and Canada. The mineral facilities include mines, plants, smelters, or refineries of aluminum, cement, coal, copper, diamond, gold, iron and steel, nickel, platinum-group metals, salt, and silver, among others. Records include attributes such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity if applicable, and generalized coordinates. The data were compiled from multiple sources, including the 2003 and 2004 USGS Minerals Yearbooks (Latin America and Candada volume), data to be published in the 2005 Minerals Yearbook Latin America and Canada Volume, minerals statistics and information from the USGS minerals information Web site (minerals.usgs.gov/minerals), and data collected by USGS minerals information country specialists. Data reflect the most recent published table of industry structure for each country. Other sources include statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies,and trade journals. Due to the sensitivity of some energy commodity data, the quality of these data should be evaluated on a country-by-country basis. Additional information and explanation is available from the country specialists.

  10. Canada Committee on Natural Resources Annual Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-04-26

    The Canada Committee for Natural Resources (CCNR) met on 2 occasions during the reporting period. The first was to discuss recommendations regarding Canada's National Strategy for Agri-Food Research and Technology Transfer 1997-2002. This involved the development and application of a database on existing programs covering the sustainable use of natural resources. Another growing concern for Canadians, the impact of agricultural inputs on water quality, was also discussed. The second meeting focused on the issue of greenhouse gases and carbon sequestration and the progress in the Climate Change Funding Initiative in Agriculture program. This report includes a status report on soil resources, water resources and air quality. It includes sections on the activities of the CCNR and issues of national interest regarding agriculture research. Priorities for agriculture research include greenhouse gas mitigation, sinks and sources. The report referred to: (1) the impact of mitigation on nutrient cycle, (2) full-life cycle consideration in food and fiber production, (3) the use of classical and eco-technologies, (4) applications for whole farm systems and associated watersheds, and (5) the importance for landscape ecology. Research into processes and fluxes include studies of key soil processes and components, the effects of global change on processes and fluxes of greenhouse gases, and plant pests. Research into assessment methods include national accounting and verification, ecological models, measurement techniques, and monitoring carbon sources and sinks. The socio-economic considerations and adoptions examine impacts and adaptation, and economic analysis. 1 tab.

  11. The osteoporosis care gap in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boulos P

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The presence of a fragility fracture is a major risk factor for osteoporosis, and should be an indicator for osteoporosis diagnosis and therapy. However, the extent to which patients who fracture are assessed and treated for osteoporosis is not clear. Methods We performed a review of the literature to identify the practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in adults over the age of 40 who experience a fragility fracture in Canada. Searches were performed in MEDLINE (1966 to January 2, 2003 and CINAHL (1982 to February 1, 2003 databases. Results There is evidence of a care gap between the occurrence of a fragility fracture and the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in Canada. The proportion of individuals with a fragility fracture who received an osteoporosis diagnostic test or physician diagnosis ranged from 1.7% to 50%. Therapies such as hormone replacement therapy, bisphosphonates or calcitonin were being prescribed to 5.2% to 37.5% of patients. Calcium and vitamin D supplement intake was variable, and ranged between 2.8% to 61.6% of patients. Conclusion Many Canadians who experience fragility fracture are not receiving osteoporosis management for the prevention of future fractures.

  12. New Curculionoidea (Coleoptera records for Quebec, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre de Tonnancour

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The following species of Curculionoidea are newly recorded from the Canadian province of Quebec: Coelocephalapion emaciipes (Fall, 1898; Ischnopterapion virens (Herbst, 1797; Omphalapion hookerorum (Kirby, 1808; Perapion punctinasum (J.B. Smith, 1884 (all Brentidae; Anthonomus robustulus LeConte, 1876; Pseudanthonomus helvolus (Boheman, 1843; Bagous magister LeConte, 1876; Bagous tanneri O’Brien, 1979; Buchananius striatus (LeConte, 1876; Ceutorhynchus bolteri Dietz, 1896; Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus (Marsham, 1802; Ceutorhynchus pauxillus Dietz, 1896; Conotrachelus buchanani Schoof, 1942; Conotrachelus pusillus LeConte, 1878; Conotrachelus recessus (Casey, 1910; Curculio rubidus (Gyllenhal, 1835; Cylindrocopturus longulus (LeConte, 1876; Hadroplontus litura (Fabricius, 1775; Hypera rumicis (Linnaeus, 1758; Lixus terminalis LeConte, 1876; Myosides seriehispidus Roelofs, 1873; Phloeotribus dentifrons (Blackman, 1921; Plocamus echidna (LeConte, 1876; Scolytus muticus Say, 1824; Sirocalodes sericans (LeConte, 1876; Smicronyx sculpticollis Casey, 1892 (all Curculionidae. Among these, Buchananius striatus, Conotrachelus buchanani, Conotrachelus pusillus, and Curculio rubidus (all Curculionidae are also recorded from Canada for the first time. The latter is also newly reported from Ontario. Collecting data are provided for Lixus punctinasus LeConte, 1876, previously reported to occur in Canada without any further information, and for Choragus sayi LeConte, 1876 (Anthribidae and Rhyssomatus aequalis Horn, 1873 (Curculionidae, both previously recorded from Quebec, also without further details.

  13. New Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) records for Quebec, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Tonnancour, Pierre; Anderson, Robert S; Bouchard, Patrice; Chantal, Claude; Dumont, Stéphane; Vigneault, Robert

    2017-01-01

    The following species of Curculionoidea are newly recorded from the Canadian province of Quebec: Coelocephalapion emaciipes (Fall, 1898); Ischnopterapion virens (Herbst, 1797); Omphalapion hookerorum (Kirby, 1808); Perapion punctinasum (J.B. Smith, 1884) (all Brentidae); Anthonomus robustulus LeConte, 1876; Pseudanthonomus helvolus (Boheman, 1843); Bagous magister LeConte, 1876; Bagous tanneri O'Brien, 1979; Buchananius striatus (LeConte, 1876); Ceutorhynchus bolteri Dietz, 1896; Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus (Marsham, 1802); Ceutorhynchus pauxillus Dietz, 1896; Conotrachelus buchanani Schoof, 1942; Conotrachelus pusillus LeConte, 1878; Conotrachelus recessus (Casey, 1910); Curculio rubidus (Gyllenhal, 1835); Cylindrocopturus longulus (LeConte, 1876); Hadroplontus litura (Fabricius, 1775); Hypera rumicis (Linnaeus, 1758); Lixus terminalis LeConte, 1876; Myosides seriehispidus Roelofs, 1873; Phloeotribus dentifrons (Blackman, 1921); Plocamus echidna (LeConte, 1876); Scolytus muticus Say, 1824; Sirocalodes sericans (LeConte, 1876); Smicronyx sculpticollis Casey, 1892 (all Curculionidae). Among these, Buchananius striatus, Conotrachelus buchanani, Conotrachelus pusillus, and Curculio rubidus (all Curculionidae) are also recorded from Canada for the first time. The latter is also newly reported from Ontario. Collecting data are provided for Lixus punctinasus LeConte, 1876, previously reported to occur in Canada without any further information, and for Choragus sayi LeConte, 1876 (Anthribidae) and Rhyssomatus aequalis Horn, 1873 (Curculionidae), both previously recorded from Quebec, also without further details.

  14. Improving Canada's Marine Navigation System through e-Navigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Breton

    2016-06-01

    The conclusion proposed is that on-going work with key partners and stakeholders can be used as the primary mechanism to identify e-Navigation related innovation and needs, and to prioritize next steps. Moving forward in Canada, implementation of new e-navigation services will continue to be stakeholder driven, and used to drive improvements to Canada's marine navigation system.

  15. The Analysis of Adult Immigrants' Learning System in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukan, Nataliya; Barabash, Olena; Busko, Maria

    2015-01-01

    In the article the problem of adult immigrants' learning in Canada has been studied. The main objectives of the article are defined as: analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature which highlights different aspects of the research problem; analysis of the adult immigrants' learning system in Canada; and the perspectives for creative…

  16. Supporting Democracy: The South Africa-Canada Program on ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The South Africa-Canada Program on Governance (PoG) was born in anticipation of this historic transition. It was conceived during Nelson Mandela's 1992 visit to Canada, when he asked the Canadian government to assist the people of South Africa in their preparations for democracy. In 1993, the Canadian International ...

  17. Enige aspecten van de hedendaagse migratie van Nederlanders naar Canada

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuinman, A.S.

    1952-01-01

    After the Second World War most of the restrictions against entry to Canada as an immigrant were abolished, although the admission of farmers and farm workers has never been restricted. The ideas about Canada's immigrational capacity fluctuated with the economic situation; after 1950 the doors were

  18. Canada improving child nutrition in Vietnam | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 déc. 2015 ... IDRC and Global Affairs Canada, through the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (CIFSRF), are contributing $1.16 million to support researchers from Vietnam's National Institute of Nutrition and Canada's Ryerson University to implement proven methods to improve children's health.

  19. Canada-Latin America and the Caribbean Research Exchange ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Canada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus Research Program. A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the... View moreCanada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus ...

  20. Inaugural recipients of the Hopper-Bhatia Canada Fund | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2018-01-31

    Jan 31, 2018 ... Canada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus Research Program. A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the... View moreCanada-Latin America and ...

  1. Canada-Latin America and the Caribbean Research Exchange ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Like the three earlier phases (002624, 004097 and 101783), this project will allow the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) to offer academics (graduate students, professors, researchers) from Canada and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) opportunities for face-to-face dialogue on ...

  2. All projects related to Canada | Page 3 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    In the developing world, millions of children do not have access to basic quality education. Region: Kenya, Canada. Program: ... Region: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Viet Nam, South Asia, Far East Asia, United States, Canada. Program: Employment and ...

  3. Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Campylobacter spp. in Retail Chicken, Western Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Léger, David; Avery, Brent P.; Parmley, E. Jane; Deckert, Anne; Carson, Carolee A.; Dutil, Lucie

    2013-01-01

    During 2005–2010, the Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance identified increased prevalence of ciprofloxacin (a fluororquinolone) resistance among Campylobacter isolates from retail chicken in British Columbia (4%–17%) and Saskatchewan (6%–11%), Canada. Fluoroquinolones are critically important to human medicine and are not labeled for use in poultry in Canada. PMID:23764141

  4. All projects related to Canada | Page 10 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Nigeria, Senegal, Canada, Burkina Faso. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 2,600,000.00. Scaling up development, production of CBPP vaccine for cattle in Kenya. Project. This project will allow researchers from Canada and Kenya to field trial a vaccine for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia.

  5. Canada-India Institutional Cooperation Project: International Partnerships in Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yule, Alix

    The Canada-India Institutional Cooperation Project (CIICP) is a joint venture by the Association of Canadian Community Colleges and the governments of India and Canada designed to contribute to human resource development in India's polytechnic system. Specifically, the project seeks to develop replicable models of institutional development in 13…

  6. New South Africa–Canada Research Chairs Initiative | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-12-08

    Dec 8, 2016 ... They build on NRF's existing South African Research Chairs Initiative (SARChI), as well as on the Industrial Research Chairs program, funded in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Canada Research Chairs Program (CRCP). Funded jointly by ...

  7. Apprenticeship Programme Requirements and Apprenticeship Completion Rates in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coe, Patrick J.

    2013-01-01

    The past two decades have seen considerable growth in new apprenticeship registrations in Canada. However, this has not been matched by a corresponding increase in completions. Across provinces, trades and time, there is considerable variation in apprenticeship completion rates. In Canada, apprenticeship programmes are provincially regulated and…

  8. The Analysis Of Adult Immigrants’ Learning System In Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukan Nataliya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the problem of adult immigrants’ learning in Canada has been studied. The main objectives of the article are defined as: analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature which highlights different aspects of the research problem; analysis of the adult immigrants’ learning system in Canada; and the perspectives for creative implementation of Canadian experience in Ukraine.

  9. Publication Canada Among Nations, de 2012 à 2014 | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Université Carleton à Ottawa, à faire paraître trois volumes de Canada Among Nations (CAN), ouvrage dont on a dit qu'il s'agissait des meilleures annales publiées au pays sur les relations internationales du Canada. Chaque année, CAN ...

  10. CAUT Response to Industry Canada's 2014 S&T Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2015

    2015-01-01

    At the beginning of December 2014, Canada's Prime Minister and Minister of State (Science and Technology) released their science, technology and innovation strategy and launched the Canada First Excellence Research Fund (CFERF). This brief looks at the implications of the proposed policy on academic research and on research and development…

  11. Changes in distribution of Canada geese nesting in Arkansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krementz, David G.; Ronke, M. Eliese

    2015-01-01

    The reintroduced Canada goose (Branta canadensis) population in Arkansas has grown in range and abundance in recent decades. We determined the geographic range of Arkansas resident Canada geese from 2004 to 2012 using volume contour maps from citizen science observations using eBird, a citizen science website, and hunter recovery locations from the U.S. Geological Survey Bird Banding Laboratory. Resulting maps indicate an increase in Canada goose encounters toward northwestern and southwestern Arkansas from the original relocations in the Arkansas River valley. We examined movement of Canada geese banded and recovered in Arkansas by determining the distance and angle of movement between initial and final encounter locations; 25% moved east, and 17% went west. The average distance moved from banding to recovery was 50 km (SE = 1 km). Recoveries of Canada geese banded in Arkansas were greatest in the Mississippi Flyway (58% of all geese) followed by the Central Flyway (37%) with some representation in both the Atlantic (4%) and Pacific flyways (0.9%). Movement from Arkansas to other states and Canada was influenced by goose age and sex. Older individuals traveled longer distances than younger ones, and females traveled longer distances than males. Our findings suggest that recently established Canada geese in Arkansas have slowly expanded within the state to the northwest and southwest with the expansion to the east being important now. Movement of Arkansas resident Canada geese on molt-migration can contribute to management issues in other states and provinces.

  12. Ecology of Canada lynx in southern boreal forests [Chapter 13

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith B. Aubry; Gary M. Koehler; John R. Squires

    2000-01-01

    Canada lynx occur throughout boreal forests of North America, but ecological conditions in southern regions differ in many respects from those in Canada and Alaska. To evaluate the extent to which lynx ecology and population biology may differ between these regions, we review existing information from southern boreal forests and compare our findings to...

  13. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada Partnership ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    For almost 30 years, IDRC has enabled the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada to provide Canadian universities with liaison and information services on ... International Development Week, observed February 4-10 this year, is an opportunity to focus on Canada's contributions to global development.

  14. Leaving Sweden behind: Gains in life expectancy in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auger, Nathalie; Le Serbon, Emilie; Rostila, Mikael

    2015-06-01

    Sweden and Canada are known for quality of living and exceedingly high life expectancy, but recent data on how these countries compare are lacking. We measured life expectancy in Canada and Sweden during the past decade, and identified factors responsible for changes over time. We calculated life expectancy at birth for Canada and Sweden annually from 2000 to 2010, and determined the ages and causes of death responsible for the gap between the two countries using Arriaga's method. We determined how population growth, ageing, and mortality influenced the number of deaths over time. During 2000-2010, life expectancy in Canada caught up with Sweden for men, and surpassed Sweden by 0.4 years for women. Sweden lost ground owing to a slower reduction in circulatory and tumour mortality after age 65 years compared with Canada. Nonetheless, population ageing increased the number of deaths in Canada, especially for mental and nervous system disorders. In Sweden, the number of deaths decreased. In only one decade, life expectancy in Canada caught up and surpassed Sweden due to rapid improvements in circulatory and tumour mortality. Population ageing increased the number of deaths in Canada, potentially stressing the health care system more than in Sweden. © 2015 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  15. Canada-Africa Prevention Trials Network : Building African Capacity ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Canada-Africa Prevention Trials Network : Building African Capacity for HIV/AIDS Prevention Trials. The Canada-Africa Prevention Trials Network (CAPT Network) was formed through a capacity building grant from the Global Health Research Initiative (GHRI). The Network comprises eight African centres (four in Uganda, ...

  16. All projects related to Canada | Page 2 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2015-12-01

    Malignant brain tumours are the most common cause of death among children with cancer, but there is no known cure. This project will advance research in this important field. Start Date: December 1, 2015. Topic: BRAIN, MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, CANCER, THERAPY, CANADA. Region: India, Canada, Israel.

  17. Health inequities in Canada: intersectional frameworks and practices

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hankivsky, Olena; De Leeuw, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    ... recycled) that is processed chlorineand acid-free. Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication Health inequities in Canada : intersectional frameworks and practices / edited by Olena Hankivsky. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-7748-1975-6 (bound); ISBN 978-0-7748-1972-5 (pbk) 1. Health services accessibi...

  18. Open Source in Canada's Public Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evan Leibovitch

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The story of the growth of open source use in Canada has been far more a matter of evolution than revolution, so quiet in its pace that its progress has been difficult to measure. This has posed many challenges to Canadian open source advocates in their efforts to ensure that their country does not lag behind the rest of the world in understanding the social and business benefits open source provides. Perhaps some of the leading soldiers in the trenches might be our civil servants who protect the public purse. In addition to managing and minimizing the costs of delivering necessary services, public sector projects should also advance the social good through the delicate balance of transparency and efficiency.

  19. Teaching Inquiry in Nigeria and Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strubbe, Linda

    2015-08-01

    Inquiry is a teaching strategy in which student work mirrors authentic scientific research: students have ownership over their learning path, and learning scientific concepts (e.g., properties of light, motion in a gravitational field) is intertwined with learning scientific practices (e.g., asking questions, planning an investigation, constructing explanations). I will describe inquiry and education research showing its effectiveness; and I will present inquiry-based astronomy curricula and assessment strategies we have designed for undergraduate and graduate courses in Nigeria and Canada: an activity on the cosmic distance ladder (part of a short course in Abuja); a course on order-of-magnitude astronomy problem solving (Toronto); and new education research from the Carl Wieman Science Education Initiative at the University of British Columbia (where I am a new postdoc).

  20. Western Canada SAGD drilling and completions performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turchin, S.; Tucker, R. [Ziff Energy Group (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    In the heavy oil industry, steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) is a thermal recovery method used to enhance oil recovery. In 2009, Ziff Energy carried out a study on SAGD drilling and completions performance in Western Canada. This paper presents the methodology used to assess drilling performances and the results obtained. This study was conducted on 159 SAGD well pairs and 1,833 delineation wells in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin from late 2004 to fall 2008. The drilling performance assessment was calculated from several aspects including well quality, drilling and completions cost performance and drilling time analysis. This study provided a detailed analysis of drilling and completions costs of SAGD which can help companies to improve their performance.

  1. ATLAS Canada lightpath data transfer trial

    CERN Document Server

    Kost, C J; Caron, B; Hong, W

    2003-01-01

    Emerging grids play a significant role in the computational, data, storage, and network requirements of high energy physics experiments coming online in the next few years. One such requirement, the bulk transfer of data over advanced high speed optical networks is necessary as such experiments are highly distributed with resources and participants from research laboratories and institutions spanning the globe. This trial at the iGrid 2002 conference attempts to stress the feasibility of high speed bulk data transfer over an end-to-end lightpath, a dedicated point-to-point optical link. Specifically, the objective was to transfer 1 TB of Monte Carlo data from TRIUMF in Vancouver, Canada, to CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. A rate equivalent to transferring a full CD of data every 8 s was achieved. (15 refs).

  2. Non-residential fatherhood in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Strohschein

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to shed light on non-residential fatherhood in Canada. Data come from the 2012 LISA. Analysis was restricted to fathers who had children under the age of 19 (N=3,592. Approximately 17.4% were non-residential fathers. Logistic regression models indicated that being outside a marital union, low educational attainment and low income were associated with increased odds of being a non-residential father. Teen parenthood was not a statistically significant predictor. I discuss the implications of these findings as well as the need for measures that better capture variability in the living arrangements of fathers and their children. Le but de cette étude est d’éclairer le phénomène de paternité non résidentielle au Canada. Les données proviennent du sondage LISA 2012. L'analyse est limitée aux pères ayant des enfants de moins de 19 ans (N = 3 592. Environ 17,4% sont des pères non-résidentiels. Les modèles de régression logistique indiquent qu'étant hors d'une union maritale, d'avoir un faible niveau de scolarité, et de faible revenu est associé à une probabilité élevée d'être un père non-résidentiel. Être un parent adolescent n’est pas un prédicteur statistiquement significatif. Je discute des implications de ces résultats ainsi que de la nécessité de mesures qui permettent de mieux saisir la variabilité des modes de vie des pères et de leurs enfants.

  3. A National Palliative Care Strategy for Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, R Sean

    2018-01-01

    To identify barrier to achieving universal access to high quality palliative care in Canada, review published national strategies and frameworks to promote palliative care, examine key aspects that have been linked to successful outcomes, and make recommendations for Canada. In 2014, the World Health Organization called on members to develop and implement policies to ensure palliative care is integrated into national health services. Rapid review supplemented by the author's personal files, outreach to colleagues within the international palliative care community, review of European Association for Palliative Care publications, and a subsequent search of the table of contents of the major palliative care journals. Frameworks were found for 10 countries ranging from detailed and comprehensive multi-year strategies to more general approaches including laws guaranteeing access to palliative care services for "dying" patients or recommendations for the development of clinical infrastructure. Few formal evaluations were found minimal comparative data exist regarding the quality of care, access to palliative care services, timing of access in the disease trajectory, and patient and family satisfaction with care. Factors that appear to be associated with success include: 1) input and early involvement of senior policy makers; 2) comprehensive strategies that address major barriers to universal access and that involve the key constituents; 3) a focus on enhancing the evidence base and developing a national system of quality reporting; and 4) substantial and sustained government investment. Comprehensive national strategies appear to improve access to high quality palliative care for persons with serious illness and their families. Such strategies require sustained government funding and address barriers related to infrastructure, professional and public education, workforce shortages, and an inadequate evidence base.

  4. Canada 2050 : four long-term scenarios for Canada's energy system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The Energy Sector of Natural Resources Canada initiated the Energy Technology Futures project in 1998 to develop a set of viable scenarios of what Canada's energy system could potentially look like in 30 to 50 years. The objective was to see what the effect of new technologies might have on our ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Three independent drivers were used for developing the scenarios. These included: environmental etiquette, markets and the pace of innovation. The first scenario looked at a world in which greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increased in all areas of the economy along with Canada's population and economic activity. The second scenario looked at a world where GHG emissions initially exhibited a downward trend to 2020. The third scenario looked at a world where GHG emissions decreased as new efficient technologies replaced GHG intensive processes. And finally, the last scenario looked at a world where GHG emissions were substantially reduced in all areas of the economy. The study clearly demonstrated that more work is needed to develop longer-term perspectives on the issue of climate change. In addition, there will be a need for long-term policy, program development and investment into science and technology. figs.

  5. Le poin: Mondialisation, Agro-industries, Globalisation des Modes alimentaires et Nouveaux Enjeux Sanitaires : L’Agriculture Biologique, peut-elle être, une solution du problème [Globalization, Agri-industries, food globalization and sanitary new challenges : Organic agriculture, can it be a solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassini TSAKI

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Les nutritionnistes, épidémiologistes, chercheurs de biologie, médecins, agrobiologistes et autres compétences de vocations connexes demeurent, aujourd’hui et pour une plus juste définition et diagnostic de ces phénomènes liés à la nutrition et santé publique, dans la nécessité pour une meilleure approche d’intégration des informations, de privilégier l’établissement d’une synthèse collégiale sur les différents aspects d’incidences de nos nouveaux modes alimentaires en relation avec les nombreuses et nouvelles maladies chroniques en développement dans nos sociétés modernes (obésité, maladies cardio-vasculaires, diabète, hypertension artérielle, cancers, etc.….

  6. Composition corporelle et caractéristiques métaboliques de porcs en croissance à efficacité alimentaire contrastée et nourris avec des régimes plus ou moins riches en fibres et en lipides

    OpenAIRE

    Gondret, Florence; Lalande-Martin, Julie; Louveau, Isabelle; Jégou, Maëva; Tea, Illa; Van Milgen, Jacob; Gilbert, Hélène

    2014-01-01

    L’utilisation et la répartition de l’énergie alimentaire sont des éléments importants pour expliquer les variations d’efficience productive des porcs en croissance. Dans cette étude, les réponses de 48 mâles castrés Large White issus de deux lignées divergentes sélectionnées pour la consommation journalière résiduelle ont été comparées en fonction de la source d’énergie dans l’aliment. Entre 10 et 20 semaines d’âge, les porcs ont été nourris (n = 12 par régime et par lignée) avec deux régimes...

  7. Contribution à l'étude d'un problème de mortalité infantile au sein d'un groupe de babouins de Guinée (Papio papio) en captivité au Parc zoologique de Paris : analyse du contexte épidémiologique : étude du comportement alimentaire et du comportement maternel des femelles

    OpenAIRE

    Chesnoy, Caroline

    2003-01-01

    Une des causes de mortalité identifiées est caractérisée par des petits en mauvais état général. Les petits atteints ont moins d'une semaine ou entre 2,5 et 6 mois et meurent plus en hiver. Leurs mères sont plutôt des femelles dominées. Les mâles sont plus touchés que les femelles. L'étude du comportement alimentaire des femelles en fonction de leur rang, leur âge, leur stade physiologique et le devenir de leurs petits n'a pas révélé de lien entre l'alimentation et la survie des petits, mais ...

  8. Market Access & Food Standards: Insights from the Implementation of US Sanitary and Phytosanitary Regulation. Accès au Marché et Standards Alimentaires: Enseignements de la mise en œuvre de la règlementation sanitaire et phytosanitaire américaine. .

    OpenAIRE

    Jouanjean, Marie-Agnès

    2012-01-01

    Cette thèse de doctorat contribue au débat sur les normes en tant qu’obstacles ou catalyseurs du commerce et fournit des preuves de l'impact des normes sur la capacité des pays en développement à gagner et maintenir l'accès aux marchés des pays développés pour les produits alimentaires. En raison de la nature complexe et très hétérogène des mesures non-tariffaires, différentes méthodologies ont été développées. L'analyse présentée dans cette thèse adopte une approche directe de la mesure de l...

  9. Le poin: Mondialisation, Agro-industries, Globalisation des Modes alimentaires et Nouveaux Enjeux Sanitaires : L’Agriculture Biologique, peut-elle être, une solution du problème [Globalization, Agri-industries, food globalization and sanitary new challenges : Organic agriculture, can it be a solution

    OpenAIRE

    Hassini TSAKI

    2016-01-01

    Les nutritionnistes, épidémiologistes, chercheurs de biologie, médecins, agrobiologistes et autres compétences de vocations connexes demeurent, aujourd’hui et pour une plus juste définition et diagnostic de ces phénomènes liés à la nutrition et santé publique, dans la nécessité pour une meilleure approche d’intégration des informations, de privilégier l’établissement d’une synthèse collégiale sur les différents aspects d’incidences de nos nouveaux modes alimentaires en relation avec les nom...

  10. Development, reliability and use of a food environment assessment tool in supermarkets of four neighbourhoods in Montréal, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élise Jalbert-Arsenault

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The food environment is a promising arena in which to influence people’s dietary habits. This study aimed to develop a comprehensive food environment assessment tool for businesses and characterize the food environment of a low-tomedium income area of Montréal, Canada. Methods: We developed a tool, Mesure de l’environnement alimentaire du consommateur dans les supermarchés (MEAC-S, and tested it for reliability. We used the MEAC-S to assess the consumer food environment of 17 supermarkets in four neighbourhoods of Montréal. We measured the shelf length, variety, price, display counts and in-store positions of fruits and vegetables (FV and ultra-processed food products (UPFPs. We also assessed fresh FV for quality. Store size was estimated using the total measured shelf length for all food categories. We conducted Spearman correlations between these indicators of the food environment. Results: Reliability analyses revealed satisfactory results for most indicators. Characterization of the food environment revealed high variability in shelf length, variety and price of FV between supermarkets and suggested a disproportionate promotion of UPFPs. Display counts of UPFPs outside their normal display location ranged from 7 to 26, and they occupied 8 to 33 strategic in-store positions, whereas the number of display counts of fresh FV outside their normal display location exceeded 1 in only 2 of the 17 stores surveyed, and they occupied a maximum of 2 strategic in-store positions per supermarket. Price of UPFPs was inversely associated with their prominence (p $lt .005 and promotion (p $lt .003. Store size was associated with display counts and strategic in-store positioning of UPFPs (p $lt .001, but not FV, and was inversely associated with the price of soft drinks (p $lt .003. Conclusion: This study illustrates the variability of the food environment between supermarkets and underscores the importance of measuring in

  11. Pain medicine--a new credential in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morley-Forster, Patricia; Karpinski, Jolanta

    2015-06-01

    In 2010, Pain Medicine was formally recognized as a subspecialty in Canada by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, a national organization with oversight of the medical education of specialists in Canada. The first trainees began their training at the Western University, London, Canada in July, 2014. This article traces the process of Pain Medicine's development as a discipline in Canada and outlines its multiple entry routes, 2-year curriculum, and assessment procedures. The application for specialty status was initiated in 2007 with the understanding that while Anesthesiology would be the parent specialty, the curriculum would train clinicians in a multidisciplinary setting. To receive recognition as a Royal College subspecialty, Pain Medicine had to successfully pass through three phases, each stage requiring formal approval by the Committee on Specialties. The multiple entry routes to this 2-year subspecialty program are described in this article as are the objectives of training, the curriculum, assessment of competency and the practice-eligibility route to certification. The process of accreditation of new training programs across Canada is also discussed. The new Pain Medicine training program in Canada will train experts in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of the spectrum of acute pain, cancer pain and non-cancer pain problems. These physicians will become leaders in education, research, advocacy and administration of this emerging field. Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii): advice, policy and research in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagotto, Franco J; Farber, Jeffrey M

    2009-12-31

    Although the number of reported cases of Cronobacter infection in Canada is low, Health Canada has been actively studying this organism since 1991. After reviewing the situation at the national level and due to health concerns with powdered formulae and its international trade, in 2003, Health Canada raised this issue at the international level by proposing to revise the Code of Practice for Powdered Formulae for Infants and Young Children at the Codex Alimentarius Committee of Food Hygiene. Canada volunteered to chair the Working Group that would be developing the Code, and the Code was completed in four years. The Code contributed to an improvement in the hygienic conditions in plants manufacturing Powdered Infant Formula (PIF), resulting in a lower level of product contamination with Cronobacter species. Canada has produced a document detailing Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) for Infant Formula in Canada. Health Canada uses the GMPs as a basis for assessing the manufacturing information received in pre-market notifications for new or changed infant formulas. Health Canada does not have microbiological criteria for Cronobacter spp. in PIF; however, we are currently working on developing these criteria. At present, there are no active or passive surveillance systems for Cronobacter spp. in Canada, although this has been discussed. Health Canada has recently adapted and condensed FAO/WHO guidelines to develop a draft guidance document for the hygienic preparation and handling of PIF in home and hospitals/care settings, which outline requirements for parents, caregivers, and staff in hospitals and day-care centres. Health Canada's Bureau of Microbial Hazards conducts research on the ecology, biology and pathogenesis of Cronobacter spp. Some of the research projects include specific aspects of molecular typing, virulence studies involving animal models, as well as in vitro tissue culture work to examine adhesion and invasion. Collaborative research is also being

  13. Canada's Supreme Court abolishes 'promise of the patent'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, John; Gloor, Alex

    2018-01-01

    The Supreme Court of Canada has done away with the 'promise of the patent' doctrine. This doctrine invalidated patents to numerous otherwise useful inventions from 2005 to 2016. The Supreme Court of Canada has clarified that the statutory utility requirement requires only a scintilla of utility related to the subject matter of the invention. This utility must have been demonstrated or soundly predicted as of the Canadian filing date. The decision brings increased certainty to Canada's patent system and more closely aligns it with international norms.

  14. Rutas Alimentarias: una estrategia de negocios inclusivos que vincula las políticas agrarias y turísticas Food routes : an inclusive business strategy that links the agricultural and tourism policies Les routes alimentaires : des stratégies de développement liant les politiques agricoles et les politiques touristiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Barrera

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Les routes alimentaires sont des itinéraires touristiques qui offrent des services et produits touristiques qui permettent de découvrir de manière ludique la culture et l'histoire alimentaire des territoires en accordant une attention particulière à la signification symbolique des aliments et aux ressources culturels locales. Ces itinéraires sont le support d’une offre touristique construite autour des ressources du terroir. Bien conçus, ils peuvent participer au développement rural. Nous considérons les routes alimentaires (ou gastronomiques comme un instrument au service du développement rural ; les productions alimentaires, les ressources vernaculaires, la culturel sont au cœur du projet territorial.En Amérique latine, ces initiatives associant développement rural et tourisme, dans le cadre de routes alimentaires, se développement depuis  le début des années 2000. Cet article propose une analyse comparative des diverses stratégies de développement pour les routes alimentaire, autour d’expérience sud-américaines, nord-américaines et européennes.Food Routes are routes that offer tourist services and tourist products that reveal the culture and history of food in areas with special attention to the symbolic meaning of foods and local culturalresources.These routes are the support of a tourism built around local resources. Properly designed, they can participate in rural development. We consider the road food (or gourmet as an instrument for rural development, food production, resources vernacular culture are at the heart of the territorial project.In Latin America, these initiatives involving rural development and tourism in the context of road maintenance to development since the early 2000s. This article offers a comparative analysis of various development strategies for road food experience around South America, North American and EuropeanLas Rutas Alimentarias son itinerarios turísticos que ofrecen servicios y

  15. Harnessing the potential - Atlantic Canada`s oil and gas industry : Newfoundland Ocean Industries special releases or publications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    A comprehensive overview of Atlantic Canada`s oil and gas industry is presented, demonstrating the importance of oil and gas resources and their related industries to Atlantic Canada. The objective of the report is to provide a basis for a strategy to optimize opportunities within the region from the oil and gas sector. The report reviews the current status of the industry, including the region`s resource potential and the oil and gas developments currently underway. The evolution of the oil and gas industry is discussed in terms of value chain components. A broad assessment of the region`s supply, labour force, infrastructure, training, and research and development capabilities is presented, followed by a description of the industry`s potential, its regulatory framework and the barriers and constraints affecting industry development. Appendices contain a chronological history of major events in Atlantic Canada`s oil and gas industry (Appendix A); and overview of the Atlantic Accord and the Canada-Nova Scotia Accord`s equalization offset provisions (Appendix B); a value chain matrix, detailing some 60 categories of industry requirements and a capsule assessment of the region`s ability to meet them (Appendix C); and a listing of research and development institutions in Atlantic Canada, including their areas of specialization (Appendix D).

  16. Valeur agronomique et alimentaire du Sainfoin

    OpenAIRE

    Aufrere, Jocelyne; Theodoridou, Aikaterini; Baumont, René

    2013-01-01

    Le sainfoin est une légumineuse en tannins condensés. Bien que moins productif et moins pérenne que la luzerne, il possède des qualités nutritionnelles indéniables pour les ruminants et présente un intérêt pour limiter les rejets d'azote lessivable et de méthane émis par les animaux dans l'environnement. La production du sainfoin en climat tempéré dépend de facteurs agronomiques (conditions de culture, variétés, mode d'utilisation, rendement, maladies) ici présentés. Selon leur teneur et ...

  17. Sécurité alimentaire et nutrition

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Elles vendent ces plats dans un marché de Beyrouth, ainsi qu'à l'écohôtel du village dont elles assurent le fonction- nement. Bon nombre des championnes de la nutrition d'Al-Kwakh et d'autres villages diffusent les connaissances qu'elles ont acquises sur les plantes indigènes. Leurs cuisines collectives s'inscrivent dans ...

  18. 19 CFR 123.27 - Feeding and watering animals in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Feeding and watering animals in Canada. 123.27...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO Shipments in Transit Through Canada or... cannot be fed and watered in Canada without breaking customs seals, the seals shall be broken and the...

  19. All projects related to canada | Page 18 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: FOREIGN INVESTMENT, DIRECT INVESTMENT, INVESTMENT POLICY, INVESTMENT PROMOTION, INVESTMENT RETURNS, Poverty alleviation, Economic and social development, ECONOMIC EQUITY, SOCIAL EQUITY. Region: Canada, North and Central America, Far East Asia, Viet Nam, South Africa, North ...

  20. Snowfall and Snow Depth for Canada 1943-1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data include monthly snowfall and end-of-month snow depth for 140 stations across Canada. Stations that maintained at least 20 years of data were chosen. The...

  1. All projects related to Canada | Page 5 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , Economics. Region: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Canada, Japan. Program: Employment and Growth. Total Funding: CA$ 382,600.00. Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund: Strengthening of Research Capacity. Project. This project creates ...

  2. Permafrost Map for Northwestern Canada (Mackenzie Region), Version 1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Permafrost Map for Northwestern Canada (Mackenzie Region) is a digital version of the 1:1,000,000 map produced by Heginbottom and Radburn [Heginbottom, J.A. and...

  3. The state of genetically modified crop regulation in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, Stuart J

    2014-01-01

    Genetically modified (GM) crops were first commercialized in Canada in 1995 and the 2014 crop represents the 20th year of successful production. Prior to the first commercialization of GM crops, Canada reviewed its existing science-based regulatory framework and adapted the existing framework to allow for risk assessments on the new technology to be undertaken in a timely and efficient manner. The result has been the rapid and widespread adoption of GM varieties of canola, corn and soybeans. The first decade of GM crop production precipitated 2 landmark legal cases relating to patent infringement and economic liability, while the second decade witnessed increased political efforts to have GM crops labeled in Canada as well as significant challenges from the low level comingling of GM crops with non-GM commodities. This article reviews the 20 y of GM crop production in Canada from a social science perspective that includes intellectual property, consumer acceptance and low level presence. PMID:25437238

  4. British Columbia, Canada Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The British Columbia, Canada Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST)...

  5. The state of genetically modified crop regulation in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, Stuart J

    2014-07-03

    Genetically modified (GM) crops were first commercialized in Canada in 1995 and the 2014 crop represents the 20th year of successful production. Prior to the first commercialization of GM crops, Canada reviewed its existing science-based regulatory framework and adapted the existing framework to allow for risk assessments on the new technology to be undertaken in a timely and efficient manner. The result has been the rapid and widespread adoption of GM varieties of canola, corn and soybeans. The first decade of GM crop production precipitated 2 landmark legal cases relating to patent infringement and economic liability, while the second decade witnessed increased political efforts to have GM crops labeled in Canada as well as significant challenges from the low level comingling of GM crops with non-GM commodities. This article reviews the 20 y of GM crop production in Canada from a social science perspective that includes intellectual property, consumer acceptance and low level presence.

  6. The level of pension awareness in Canada: a report

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1989-01-01

    This study was undertaken to assess the level of the public's awareness regarding the pension system in Canada, retirement planning and in particular, provisions and benefits available under the CPP...

  7. Canada's constitutional separation of (wind) power

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valentine, Scott Victor [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

    2010-04-15

    This paper investigates the impact that a federal government structure has on strategic selection of renewable energy policy instruments. The context for this study centers on wind power development in Canada. Canada is a nation that is blessed by all the attributes necessary to catalyze global leadership in installed wind power capacity. Unfortunately, the constitutional separation of powers that underpins Canada's federal system impedes the creation of a national wind power development strategy because Canada's provinces have constitutional authority over electricity governance. The insights gleaned from the case study are used to develop a conceptual framework for understanding the impact that federal structure has on policy instrument selection and efficacy under areas of federal, regional and concurrent policy jurisdiction. Finally, this framework is re-applied to identify specific approaches the Canadian federal government could take to resolve what currently amounts to be a fragmented, ineffective approach to wind power development planning. (author)

  8. All projects related to canada | Page 12 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , North and Central America, South America. Program: Foundations for ... Region: Far East Asia, Viet Nam, Central Asia, South Asia, Malaysia, Canada, Singapore. Program: Employment and Growth. Total Funding: CA$ 100,000.00. Canadian ...

  9. Canada : tous les projets | Page 17 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: LABOUR MIGRATION, BRAIN DRAIN, RETURN MIGRATION, TOURISM, FOREIGN INVESTMENT, Economic and social development. Région: Canada, North and Central America, Europe, United Kingdom, United States, South America, West Indies, Jamaica, Barbados. Programme: Emploi et croissance.

  10. All projects related to Canada | Page 13 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , South of Sahara, Canada. Program: Climate Change. Total Funding: CA$ 4,745,530.00. Facilitating Alcohol Control Law Development in Vietnam. Project. Alcohol abuse is a growing problem in Vietnam. Topic: ALCOHOL, RESEARCH, LAW, ...

  11. All projects related to Canada | Page 25 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: REFUGEES, DISPLACED PERSONS, IMMIGRATION, RESETTLEMENT, SOCIAL INTEGRATION, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE. Region: North and Central America, South America, Colombia, Ecuador, Canada. Program: Governance and Justice. Total Funding: CA$ 218,745.00. Effective and Sustainable Health ...

  12. Canada Enacts Significant Changes to its Foreign Investment Laws

    OpenAIRE

    Catherine Pawluch; Kevin Wright; Jonathan Gilhen

    2010-01-01

    A foreigner considering an investment in Canada might understandably be overwhelmed (and potentially deterred) by the complex regulatory framework governing the potential investment. Catherine A. Pawluch, Kevin Wright, & Jonathan Gilhen (Davis LLP)

  13. Ecology of Aleutian Canada geese at Buldir Island, Alaska

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The only known breeding population of the endangered Aleutian Canada goose (Branta canadensis leucopareia) was studied from 1974 to 1977 at Buldir Island, Alaska....

  14. All projects related to Canada | Page 11 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-01-09

    Start Date: January 9, 2013. Topic: INFORMATION DISSEMINATION, VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ABUSE, WOMEN, GIRLS, METHODOLOGY, MEDIA, POLICY MAKING. Region: South Africa, Canada. Program: Foundations for Innovation. Total Funding: CA$ 2,400,000.00. Urban Climate Resilience in Southeast Asia Partnership.

  15. Pacific Flyway management plan for the dusky Canada goose

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This management plan for the dusky Canada goose (Branta canadensis occidentalis) is a revision of earlier plans adopted by the Pacific Flyway Council (1973, 1985,...

  16. All projects related to canada | Page 5 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: MEDICAL RESEARCH, VACCINES, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, TRAINING, STUDENTS, AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA. Region: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 743,000.00. Scaling Research Results: Design and Evaluation. Project.

  17. Matters of life and death: public health issues in Canada

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Picard, André

    2017-01-01

    .... Matters of Life and Death collects Picard's most compelling columns, covering a broad range of topics including Canada's right-to-die law, the true risks of the Zika virus, the financial challenges...

  18. Canada : tous les projets | Page 12 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    End Date: 31 mars 2011. Sujet: International cooperation, VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS, VOLUNTARY SERVICES, VOLUNTEERS, RESEARCH NETWORKS, Economic and social development. Région: North and Central America, South America, Canada. Programme: Fondements pour l'innovation. Financement total ...

  19. Healthcare in Canada's North: Are We Getting Value for Money?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, T Kue; Chatwood, Susan; Marchildon, Gregory P

    2016-08-01

    To determine if Canadians are getting value for money in providing health services to our northern residents. Secondary analyses of data from Statistics Canada, the Canadian Institute of Health Information and territorial government agencies on health status, health expenditures and health system performance indicators. Per capita health expenditures in Canada's northern territories are double that of Canada as a whole and are among the highest in the world. The North lags behind the rest of the country in preventable mortality, hospitalization for ambulatory care sensitive conditions and other performance indicators. The higher health expenditure in the North is to be expected from its unique geography and demography. If the North is not performing as well as Canada, it is not due to lack of money, and policy makers should be concerned about whether healthcare can be as good as it could be. Copyright © 2016 Longwoods Publishing.

  20. Canada-BC data warehouse: information architecture strategy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2000-01-01

    This document provides the final needs assessment and results analysis components of the Canada/BC Data Warehouse - Phase 2 Business Requirements Project along with the recommended options and deployment strategy...

  1. PROGRAM EVALUATION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA: PLUS CA CHANGE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    RV Segsworth

    2005-01-01

      This article describes the evolution of evaluation policy and practice from 1977, when the first policy on program evaluation was issued by Treasury Board, to the current state of evaluation in the Government of Canada...

  2. Decolonizing employment: Aboriginal inclusion in Canada's labour market

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    MacKinnon, Shauna

    2015-01-01

    ... is a critical source of future labour. Shauna MacKinnon's Decolonizing Employment: Aboriginal Inclusion in Canada's Labour Market is a case study with lessons applicable to communities throughout North America...

  3. All projects related to Canada | Page 6 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    effective, double-fortified salt formulation has been successfully tested for efficacy and use in the field. Topic: DIET, FOOD TECHNOLOGY, CANADA, MODELS, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, PRIVATE SECTOR, PUBLIC SECTOR, INDIA.

  4. canada : tous les projets | Page 12 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING, RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS, RESEARCH NETWORKS, RESEARCH REPORTS, INFORMATION DISSEMINATION, FUTURE STUDIES, POLICY MAKING. Région: Myanmar, Central Asia, Far East Asia, South Asia, Canada. Programme: Agriculture ...

  5. All projects related to Canada | Page 19 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-10-01

    End Date: October 1, 2013. Topic: Evaluation, ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE, VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS. Region: Canada, North and Central America, South America. Program: Foundations for Innovation. Total Funding: CA$ 183,000.00. Research and Capacity Building for Communities affected by Mining (Global).

  6. Canada-United States Transboundary Particulate Matter Science Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    This 2004 document summarizes the findings of the Canada-U.S. subcommittee on Scientific Cooperation concerning the transboundary transport of particulate matter (PM) and PM precursors between the two countries.

  7. Canada-United States Transboundary Particulate Matter Science Assessment 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    This 2013 document summarizes the findings of the Canada-U.S. subcommittee on Scientific Cooperation concerning the transboundary transport of particulate matter (PM) and PM precursors between the two countries.

  8. All projects related to canada | Page 15 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: INFORMATION SYSTEMS, DATA COLLECTING, HEALTH STATISTICS, HEALTH PLANNING, PRIMARY HEALTH CARE, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION. Region: Nigeria, South of Sahara, United States, Canada, Sweden, South Africa. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 17,397,789.00.

  9. Canada : tous les projets | Page 13 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: INFORMAL SECTOR, AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA, MIGRANTS, DISCRIMINATION, UNEMPLOYMENT, ELDERLY, EMPLOYMENT POLICY. Région: South of Sahara, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Canada, South Africa. Programme: Emploi et croissance. Financement total : CA$ 861,500.00. Penser mondialement, agir ...

  10. Access to internet in rural and remote Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, Leanne M; Ronquillo, Charlene; Dick, Tania

    2014-01-01

    Canada is the second largest landmass country in the world, but has one of the lowest population densities. As of 2011, approximately 19% of the Canadian population lives in rural, or remote communities. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in rural and urban access to the Internet and device use in Canada, and to explore differences in access to broadband between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal communities in Canada. In general rural-dwellers had lower levels of Internet access and despite efforts to increase access to high speed Internet, Aboriginal communities in some regions have limited access. Future research should explore computer and health literacy in the context of rural and remote communities in Canada.

  11. canada : tous les projets | Page 17 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: LABOUR MIGRATION, BRAIN DRAIN, RETURN MIGRATION, TOURISM, FOREIGN INVESTMENT, Economic and social development. Région: Canada, North and Central America, Europe, United Kingdom, United States, South America, West Indies, Jamaica, Barbados. Programme: Emploi et croissance.

  12. All projects related to Canada | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Promoting the economic inclusion of youth and women through entrepreneurship in Madagascar. Project. The project aims to promote women and youth entrepreneurship in Madagascar by supporting local research capacities and relevant, useful analysis. Region: Madagascar, Canada. Program: Employment and Growth.

  13. Relationship between particle matter and meteorological data in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrami, Azad; Memarian Fard, Mahsa; Bahrami, Ala

    2017-04-01

    The fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has a strong influence on the hydrological cycle, cloud formation, visibility, global climate, and human health. The meteorological conditions have important effects on PM2.5 mass concentration. Canada's National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) network measures air pollutants at urban, suburban and rural locations in Canada. In this study, the point monthly relationships between meteorological data provided by Environment of Canada and PM2.5 mass concentration from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2015 of fifteen speciation stations in Canada were analyzed. The correlation analysis results between PM2.5 concentrations and precipitation as well as surface pressure demonstrated a negative correlation. It should be noted that the correlation between temperature and special humidity with PM2.5 in cold seasons and warm seasons were negative and positive respectively. Moreover, the weak correlation between wind speed and PM2.5 were obtained.

  14. NPP Boreal Forest: Mississagi, Canada, 1969-1973, R1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains two files (.txt format) for study sites in the Mississagi River area of Ontario, Canada (46.35 N -83.38 W elevation 860 m). One file...

  15. NPP Boreal Forest: Mississagi, Canada, 1970-1973, R1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: This data set contains two files (.txt format) for study sites in the Mississagi River area of Ontario, Canada (46.35 N -83.38 W elevation 860 m). One file...

  16. Canada's northern food subsidy Nutrition North Canada: a comprehensive program evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, Tracey

    2017-01-01

    Nutrition North Canada (NNC) is a retail subsidy program implemented in 2012 and designed to reduce the cost of nutritious food for residents living in Canada's remote, northern communities. The present study evaluates the extent to which NNC provides access to perishable, nutritious food for residents of remote northern communities. Program documents, including fiscal and food cost reports for the period 2011-2015, retailer compliance reports, audits of the program, and the program's performance measurement strategy are examined for evidence that the subsidy is meeting its objectives in a manner both comprehensive and equitable across regions and communities. NNC lacks price caps or other means of ensuring food is affordable and equitably priced in communities. Gaps in food cost reporting constrain the program's accountability. From 2011-15, no adjustments were made to community eligibility, subsidy rates, or the list of eligible foods in response to information provided by community members, critics, the Auditor General of Canada, and the program's own Advisory Board. Measures to increase program accountability, such as increasing subsidy information on point-of-sale receipts, make NNC more visible but do nothing to address underlying accountability issues Conclusions: The current structure and regulatory framework of NNC are insufficient to ensure the program meets its goal. Both the volume and cost of nutritious food delivered to communities is highly variable and dependent on factors such as retailers' pricing practices, over which the program has no control. It may be necessary to consider alternative forms of policy in order to produce sustainable improvements to food security in remote, northern communities.

  17. Writing requirements across nursing programs in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre, Jo-Anne D; Graves, Roger

    2013-02-01

    The emphasis on scholarship in nursing, demands for evidence-based practice, and attention to writing have raised the profile of academic writing within nursing curricula. This article provides a comprehensive review of English and writing course requirements across 81 English-language baccalaureate nursing programs in Canada. The data were gathered from a review of nursing programs and curriculum information from university and college Web sites. Of the 81 programs, 39 (48.1%) require neither an English literature course nor a writing course, 15 (18.5%) require an English literature course, and 32 (39.5%) require a writing course, including five programs that require a discipline-specific writing course. Discipline-specific writing courses appear to be useful adjuncts to writing-across-the-curriculum initiatives in nursing and will help students to develop the research and writing skills needed to succeed both academically and in a career in which nursing scholarship and evidence-informed practice are increasingly valued and expected. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. Streamflow input to Lake Athabasca, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasouli, K.; Hernández-Henríquez, M. A.; Déry, S. J.

    2013-05-01

    The Lake Athabasca drainage area in northern Canada encompasses ecologically rich and sensitive ecosystems, vast forests, glacier-clad mountains, and abundant oil reserves in the form of oil sands. The basin includes the Peace-Athabasca Delta, recognized internationally by UNESCO and the Ramsar Convention as a biologically rich inland delta and wetland that are now under increasing pressure from multiple stressors. In this study, streamflow variability and trends for rivers feeding Lake Athabasca are investigated over the last half century. Hydrological regimes and trends are established using a robust regime shift detection method and the Mann-Kendall (MK) test, respectively. Results show that the Athabasca River, which is the main contributor to the total lake inflow, experienced marked declines in recent decades impacting lake levels and its ecosystem. From 1960 to 2010 there was a significant reduction in lake inflow and a significant recession in the Lake Athabasca level. Our trend analysis corroborates a previous study using proxy data obtained from nearby sediment cores suggesting that the lake level may drop 2 to 3 m by 2100. The lake recession may threaten the flora and fauna of the Athabasca Lake basin and negatively impact the ecological cycle of an inland freshwater delta and wetland of global importance.

  19. Developmental milestones among Aboriginal children in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Findlay, Leanne; Kohen, Dafna; Miller, Anton

    2014-05-01

    Windows of achievement provide age ranges for the attainment of early developmental skills. Group-specific research is warranted given that development may be influenced by social or cultural factors. To examine developmental milestones for Inuit, Métis and off-reserve First Nation children in Canada, based on developmental domains collected from the 2006 Aboriginal Children's Survey. Sociodemographic and health predictors of risk for developmental delay were also examined. The ranges in which children achieve certain developmental milestones are presented. Gross motor and self-help skills were found to be achieved earlier (across the three Aboriginal groups), whereas language skills were achieved slightly later than in Canadian children in general. Furthermore, health factors (eg, low birth weight, chronic health conditions) were associated with late achievement of developmental outcomes even when sociodemographic characteristics were considered. Findings suggest that the timing of milestone achievement may differ for Aboriginal children, highlighting the importance of establishing culturally specific norms and standards rather than relying on those derived from general populations. This information may be useful for practitioners and parents interested in identifying the age ranges for development, as well as age ranges indicating potential for developmental risk and opportunities for early intervention among Aboriginal children.

  20. Asbestos and drinking water in Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toft, P.; Wigle, D.; Meranger, J.C.; Mao, Y.

    1981-04-01

    Samples of raw, treated and distributed tap water were collected from 71 municipalities across Canada and analyzed for asbestos content by transmission electron microscopy. Chrysotile asbestos was identified as the major asbestos type present in drinking water with some 5% of public water supplies containing asbestos at concentrations greater than 10 million fibres per litre. Improvement factors of up to 300 were observed for the removal of chrysotile fibres from drinking water during treatment, indicating that coagulation/filtration treatment is efficient for this purpose. In certain cases there is evidence to suggest that erosion of asbestos from pipe material is taking place. Age-standardized mortality rates for gastro-intestinal cancers were calculated for each city for the period of 1966 to 1976. Rates for the 2 localities with the highest (congruent to 10(8)/L) concentrations of asbestos fibres in treated drinking water were compared with the weighted average of the rates for the 52 localities with asbestos concentrations not significantly greater than zero. Eleven localities had intermediate concentrations of asbestos and six were too small for meaningful statistical analysis. Relatively high mortality rates were apparent amongst males in city 1 for cancer of the large intestine except rectum, and in both sexes in city 1 and males in city 2 for stomach cancer. It is felt that these findings are probably related to occupational exposure to asbestos. Further statistical analyses are required, however, before the significance of these observations can be fully assessed.

  1. Ellesmere Island (Canada) and Northern Greenland

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    In late July, our planet.s northernmost land masses appear to finally be responding to the warmth of Northern Hemisphere summer. Ellesmere Island, Canada, (top left) and northern Greenland (right) have decided kick off their snowy winter garments in this true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image from July 3, 200. Bare brown soils are exposed along the coasts of the still frozen (but thawing!) Arctic waters. Several large, permanent ice caps and glaciers will remain on Ellesmere Island year-round, and Greenland does little more than remove her mittens, but thinning, blue ice is showing up in the many fjords and inlets in the rocky coastlines, showing that temperatures are on the rise. The Nares Strait, which separates the two land masses, still has a way to go before a passage opens up between Baffin Bay to the south and the Artic Ocean to the north. Although Ellesmere Island appears to be 'higher' or farther north than Greenland, that is simply a result of the way the high-latitude scene was projected into an image. To better picture the terrain, imagine that you took a printed copy of the rectangular image and rolled it into a cylinder along its northeast-southwest axis. If you held that cylinder straight up in front of you, you would find that Peary Land, Greenland (right of center), is actually the more northern terrain. In fact Peary Land is the northernmost point on land on the Earth.

  2. Streamflow input to Lake Athabasca, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Rasouli

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The Lake Athabasca drainage area in northern Canada encompasses ecologically rich and sensitive ecosystems, vast forests, glacier-clad mountains, and abundant oil reserves in the form of oil sands. The basin includes the Peace–Athabasca Delta, recognized internationally by UNESCO and the Ramsar Convention as a biologically rich inland delta and wetland that are now under increasing pressure from multiple stressors. In this study, streamflow variability and trends for rivers feeding Lake Athabasca are investigated over the last half century. Hydrological regimes and trends are established using a robust regime shift detection method and the Mann–Kendall (MK test, respectively. Results show that the Athabasca River, which is the main contributor to the total lake inflow, experienced marked declines in recent decades impacting lake levels and its ecosystem. From 1960 to 2010 there was a significant reduction in lake inflow and a significant recession in the Lake Athabasca level. Our trend analysis corroborates a previous study using proxy data obtained from nearby sediment cores suggesting that the lake level may drop 2 to 3 m by 2100. The lake recession may threaten the flora and fauna of the Athabasca Lake basin and negatively impact the ecological cycle of an inland freshwater delta and wetland of global importance.

  3. Kidney transplant tourism: cases from Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, L; Zaltzman, J S; Gill, J; Prasad, G V R

    2013-11-01

    Canada has a marked shortfall between the supply and demand for kidneys for transplantation. Median wait times for deceased donor kidney transplantation vary from 5.8 years in British Columbia, 5.2 years in Manitoba and 4.5 years in Ontario to a little over 2 years in Quebec and Nova Scotia. Living donation provides a viable option for some, but not all people. Consequently, a small number of people travel abroad to undergo kidney transplantation by commercial means. The extent to which they are aware of the potential risks to their health and the health of the kidney vendors is unclear. Travel abroad to obtain a kidney commercially i.e. transplant tourism (TT), raises ethical issues which include the exploitation of the poor, uncertainty of donor informed consent to nephrectomy, poor clinical care and lack of follow up for the donor, commodification of the body and inequity of access to medical care for donors. Also, TT widens socioeconomic disparities in access to transplantation, differing from the Canadian system of universal coverage for healthcare. The Canadian transplant community has discussed how to respond to patients who plan to travel abroad for TT or return with a purchased kidney. Unease rests in the tension between the duty to care for legitimate Canadian residents and the unwillingness to enable TT. This paper discusses three anonymized cases and the Canadian responses to TT as recorded in academic literature and a formal statement by relevant professional bodies.

  4. The Framework for US-Canada Defense and Security Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-15

    security trump card is played only sparingly. Finally, how US and Canada cooperation manifests itself affects US overall military strategy and force...solidified through a series of international and bilateral trade agreements culminating in the North American Free Trade Agreement ( NAFTA ) of 1994. NAFTA ...The 1989 Canada-US Free Trade Agreement and NAFTA were hotly-debated issues, a trend which continues today with initiatives towards further integration

  5. Energy Policies of IEA Countries - Canada -- 2009 Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-12

    Canada, with its diverse and balanced portfolio of energy resources, is one of the largest producers and exporters of energy among IEA member countries. The energy sector plays an increasingly important role for the Canadian economy and for global energy security, as its abundant resource base has the potential to deliver even greater volumes of energy. The federal, provincial and territorial governments of Canada are all strongly committed to the sustainable development of the country's natural resources and have a long-standing and informed awareness of the need for each to contribute to the development of the energy sector. Furthermore, the government of Canada seeks to achieve a balance between the environmentally responsible production and use of energy, the growth and competitiveness of the economy, and secure and competitively priced energy and infrastructure. Nonetheless, the long-term sustainability of the sector remains a challenge. Due to climatic, geographic and other factors, Canada is one of the highest per-capita CO2 emitters in the OECD and has higher energy intensity than any IEA member country. A comprehensive national energy efficiency strategy, coupled with a coordinated climate change policy targeted at the key emitting sectors, is needed. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a priority for the federal government and presents Canada with an opportunity to develop a new technology that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions on a large scale. The IEA recommends that Canada provide international leadership in the development of CCS technology. This review analyses the energy challenges facing Canada and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide Canada towards a more sustainable energy future.

  6. Insights into the physician assistant profession in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fréchette, Danielle; Shrichand, Arun

    2016-07-01

    Physician assistants (PAs) have been used for decades in the Canadian military. Now, PAs are being introduced in various clinical settings to provide patient care for the general population. This article reviews major developments in the PA profession across Canada over the last decade. Nearly 541 PAs are employed in Canada or work for a Canadian agency. Growing evidence demonstrates the positive effect of PAs; however, key issues challenge the extent to which the PA movement will continue to build momentum.

  7. The provision of mobile satellite services in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, N. G.; Roscoe, O. S.

    1990-05-01

    Telesat Mobile Inc. (TMI) is a private company authorized to provide mobile satellite services in Canada. TMI will operate a dedicated MSAT satellite to provide mobile telephone, mobile radio and mobile data services to customers on the move in any part of Canada. The baseline TMI system is described in this paper. The network architecture and the signaling system under development to support the mobile services are discussed. The time-scale for procurement of the system is discussed.

  8. L'entrepreneuriat au Canada dans le contexte mondial | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 nov. 2014 ... Également selon le rapport, au Canada, les immigrants de première génération se lancent en affaires dans une proportion plus élevée que le reste de la population, et les femmes participent davantage à l'activité entrepreneuriale que dans les autres pays du G7. En outre, au Canada, contrairement à ce ...

  9. The Apprenticeship System in Canada: Trends and Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew Sharpe; James Gibson

    2005-01-01

    This report provides an overview of the trends and issues related to the apprenticeship system in Canada. It first discusses theoretical perspectives on apprenticeship, then reviews the institutional features of apprenticeship systems in Canada and in other countries. The report concludes that the market for apprenticeship is principally constrained by employer demand rather than by the supply of potential apprentices. Consequently, it proposes reforms based on three main principles: apprenti...

  10. Health Consequences to Immigrant Family Caregivers in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juhee Vajracharya Suwal

    2010-12-01

    Immigrant family caregivers were three times more likely than non-immigrants to report a health consequence. Reciprocity played a big role in this outcome. Given the fact that an increasing number of culturally diverse immigrants enter Canada every year and that the immigrant population is aging, more caregivers will be in demand. Policy makers need to find ways to keep immigrant caregivers healthy so that quality care can be given to immigrant older adults and also for maintaining an overall healthy Canada.

  11. Productivity Trends in Natural Resources Industries in Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Centre for the Study of Living Standards

    2003-01-01

    The objective of this report is to provide an overview of the evolution of productivity in the natural resources industries in Canada over the last 40 years. This report presents data and discusses trends in labour and total factor productivity for natural resources industries in Canada over the 1961-2000 period. It also examines the major determinants of these trends. Industries covered by the report are: the energy industries, including crude petroleum and natural gas extraction, refined pe...

  12. Partenariat en recherche ANASE-Canada | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Partenariat en recherche ANASE-Canada contribuera à renforcer les relations entre le Canada et l'Association des nations de l'Asie du Sud-Est (ANASE) grâce à la recherche et au dialogue sur les politiques portant sur des questions d'intérêt commun dans la région. L'organisme bénéficiaire, le Centre for ...

  13. Racial gradients of ambient air pollution exposure in Hamilton, Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Buzzelli; Michael Jerrett

    2004-01-01

    Environmental justice research in the United States has coalesced around the notion that visible-minority status, along with socioeconomic position (SEP), conditions exposure to environmental health hazards. In the context of long-standing debates over Canada - USA urban differences, we address the question of whether racial gradients exist in air pollution across Hamilton, Canada. Monitored air quality data are spatially interpolated with a kriging algorithm. These interpolated exposures are...

  14. A review of renewable energy in Canada, 1990-2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nyboer, J.; Rivers, N.; Muncaster, K.; Bennett, M.; Bennett, S. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC (Canada). Canadian Industrial Energy End-Use Data and Analysis Centre

    2004-10-01

    This paper provides a comprehensive database of renewable energy facilities in Canada by province and by resource type. It considers technologies used for power generation or cogeneration, renewable energy heating systems, hydrogen generation and transportation fuels. Renewable energy technologies convert naturally regenerating resources into useful energy such as electricity, thermal energy, hydrogen or bio-fuels. The database contains information on renewable power operations in Canada over a scale of 100 kilowatts of rated capacity. Smaller applications have been included for run-of-river, hydro, earth, wind and solar power. There are 753 records for renewable energy facilities in Canada, including wind, hydroelectricity, wood residue biomass, landfill/sewage gas, solar photovoltaic, municipal solid waste, and tidal energy. The data in this report was acquired from Statistics Canada and other public information sources. For each of the 753 renewable energy power plants, this report states its type of renewable energy, the province, the name of the project, its location, its operator, electrical generating capacity, number of generating units, average annual electricity production, and the year it began operation. Canada currently has an installed electrical capacity of 115 GW, of which renewable energy sources constitute 76 per cent with the dominant source being hydroelectricity. Manitoba has the highest portion of renewable energy in its installed electrical capacity. Approximately 40 per cent Canada's renewable power capacity is in Quebec, followed by 15 per cent in British Columbia. Nova Scotia has Canada's only tidal power plant. Most of the installed renewable energy power capacity in Canada is owned by integrated electric utilities and a small percentage is owned by renewable electricity generating companies, aluminium companies, pulp and paper companies or diversified electricity generators. It is expected that interest in renewable energy will

  15. L'entrepreneuriat au Canada dans le contexte mondial | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Également selon le rapport, au Canada, les immigrants de première génération se lancent en affaires dans une proportion plus élevée que le reste de la population, et les femmes participent davantage à l'activité entrepreneuriale que dans les autres pays du G7. En outre, au Canada, contrairement à ce que l'on observe ...

  16. Canada's space program, 1958 1989: A program without an agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainor, Christopher

    2007-01-01

    Canada's space program began in 1958 with the work that led to the launch of Canada's first satellite, Alouette 1, in 1962. In 1967, two major reports on Canadian space research efforts called for a Canadian Space Agency (CSA). The Canadian government declined to set up an agency but chose instead in 1969 to establish an interdepartmental committee to coordinate Canada's space efforts. The CSA finally began operations on March 1, 1989. This paper will look at government documents, reports and statements about Canadian space efforts during this time to trace the efforts to establish a CSA. This paper will also examine the creation of the Interdepartmental Committee on Space in 1969. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Canadian government focused on satellites as a communications tool and as a means of encouraging high technology industry in Canada. After joining the US space shuttle program in the 1970s, Canada was invited in the 1980s to send astronauts into space and take part in the US space station program. Although the committee structure was awkward and inconvenient, Canada's space efforts during that time saw a high degree of political and economic success.

  17. Multicultural Policies and Interethnic Relations: Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ružica Čičak-Chand

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The Canadian policy of multiculturalism recognised the positive and permanent influence of immigration on Canadian society and accepted “nation”-formation based on a model of cultural pluralism. Thus it assumed a radical “modification” of Canadian cultural definitions, instead of a formal adoption of certain “major” national cultural traditions. Canadian society, at the same time, experienced a growing divergence between the official policy of inclusion, and the increasing social exclusion of new immigrants – primarily “visible” minority groups – from economic spheres and from public life in general. In fact, the existing deep tensions in the society between two value systems – on the one hand, the reality of wide-spread racism, and on the other hand, the commitment to an ideology of liberal democracy, as well as poor results in integration policies, as indicated by marked unemployment, low incomes and poverty, especially in immigrant communities – have led to more and more frequent references to a prevailing “democratic racism” in Canada. With regard to the mentioned context, this paper first of all aims to indicate certain specificities in the development of ethnic relations and of multicultural policy, which are engrained and at the same time limited by their particular historical origin. Next, the paper intends to say something about the power of influence of the government’s multicultural policy, and the role of political correctness, as a concrete form of social action, in interethnic relations and in the opinions of the majority society in regard to ethnic minorities, and especially in regard to “visible” groups.

  18. Lizzie Shumba, Malawi Intégrer la recherche au travail des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 déc. 2010 ... Les organismes subventionnaires sont, entre autres, la Banque de céréales vivrières du Canada et le Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada. La nutritionniste Lizzie Shumba coordonne le projet. Lizzie Shumba. Les chercheurs canadiens nous ont aidés à comprendre pourquoi nous ...

  19. Cost of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnosis in Canada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Popova

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD is underdiagnosed in Canada. The diagnosis of FASD is not simple and currently, the recommendation is that a comprehensive, multidisciplinary assessment of the individual be done. The purpose of this study was to estimate the annual cost of FASD diagnosis on Canadian society. METHODS: The diagnostic process breakdown was based on recommendations from the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Canadian Guidelines for Diagnosis. The per person cost of diagnosis was calculated based on the number of hours (estimated based on expert opinion required by each specialist involved in the diagnostic process. The average rate per hour for each respective specialist was estimated based on hourly costs across Canada. Based on the existing clinical capacity of all FASD multidisciplinary clinics in Canada, obtained from the 2005 and 2011 surveys conducted by the Canada Northwest FASD Research Network, the number of FASD cases diagnosed per year in Canada was estimated. The per person cost of FASD diagnosis was then applied to the number of cases diagnosed per year in Canada in order to calculated the overall annual cost. RESULTS: Using the most conservative approach, it was estimated that an FASD evaluation requires 32 to 47 hours for one individual to be screened, referred, admitted, and diagnosed with an FASD diagnosis, which results in a total cost of $3,110 to $4,570 per person. The total cost of FASD diagnostic services in Canada ranges from $3.6 to $5.2 million (lower estimate, up to $5.0 to $7.3 million (upper estimate per year. DISCUSSION: As a result of using the most conservative approach, the cost of FASD diagnostic services presented in the current study is most likely underestimated. The reasons for this likelihood and the limitations of the study are discussed.

  20. Caribbean immigrants in Britain and Canada: socio-economic adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, A H

    1988-12-01

    This paper compares the socioeconomic experiences of Caribbean immigration in Britain and Canada and shows how differing immigration trends together with changing economic circumstances influenced the process of integration. Caribbean immigrants in Canada are more recent arrivals than those in Britain and, in 1981, were still experiencing initial adjustment problems aggravated by an economy in which unemployment is still high. Unlike Britain, which has a large population born in that country of West Indian parentage, the "2nd generation" in Canada is small and mostly still in school. Despite higher levels of education and qualifications than their counterparts in Britain, Caribbean immigrants in Canada faced similar problems. Males were relatively more concentrated in manufacturing industries in Canada and in transportation in Britain, sectors which were undergoing significant structural change and experiencing high levels of unemployment. Earned income was below average in both countries but there were interesting gender differences. Caribbean women experienced the same "earnings gap", relative to men, that characterized most women in the labor force. However, Caribbean women were relatively more successful than men, as measured by unemployment rates and earned incomes. This appears to be due to their qualifications in nursing and other service occupations that continued to expand, and to be in demand in the 1970s and 1980s, when other occupations were declining in response to technological change and "post-industrial" developments. In both countries there were residual disadvantages, faced by Caribbean men and women, which cannot be statistically explained by factors such as age, education, period of immigration, or structural changes in the economy. These can be attributed, at least in part, to the institutionalized prejudice and discrimination against racial minorities which is prevalent in both societies. In absolute terms Caribbean immigrants in Canada are

  1. The Future of Postgraduate Medical Education in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busing, Nick; Harris, Ken; MacLellan, Anne-Marie; Moineau, Geneviève; Oandasan, Ivy; Rourke, James; Saxena, Anurag

    2015-09-01

    The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Project was launched in 2010 by a consortium of four organizations: the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, the Collège des Médecins du Québec, the College of Family Physicians of Canada, and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. The FMEC PG study set out to review the state of the Canadian postgraduate medical education (PGME) system and make recommendations for improvements and changes. The extensive process included literature reviews, commissioned papers, stakeholder interviews, international consultations, and dialogue with the public and learners. The resulting key findings and 10 recommendations, published in a report in 2012, represent the collective vision of the consortium partner organizations for PGME in Canada. Implementation of the recommendations began in 2013 and will continue beyond 2016.In this article, the authors describe the complex process of developing the recommendations, highlight several recommendations, consider implementation processes and issues, and share lessons learned to date. They reflect on the ways in which the transformation of a very complex and complicated PGME system has required many stakeholders to work together on multiple interventions simultaneously. Notwithstanding the challenges for the participating organizations, changes have been introduced and sustainability is being forged. Throughout this process, the consortium partners and other stakeholders have continued to address the social accountability role of all physicians with respect to the public they serve.

  2. Canada's National Forest Inventory (responding to current information needs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillis, M D

    2001-01-01

    Canada's current National Forest Inventory is a periodic compilation of existing inventory material from across the country. While the current approach has many advantages, it lacks information on the nature and rate of changes to the resource, and does not permit projections or forecasts. Being a compilation of inventories of different dates, the current national forest inventory cannot reflect the current state of the forests and therefore cannot be used as a satisfactory baseline for monitoring change. The current format of Canada's National Forest Inventory has served its purpose by providing national statistical compilations and reporting. However, its useful life is coming to a conclusion. To meet new demands, Canada is considering a new National Forest Inventory design consisting of a plot-based system of permanent observational units located on a national grid. The objective of the new inventory design is to assess and monitor the extent, state and sustainability of Canada's forests in a timely and accurate manner. Details of the new inventory design are described. A strategy to respond to Canada's national and international forest reporting commitments through a National Forest Information System is also discussed.

  3. Bioethanol from lignocellulosics: Status and perspectives in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabee, W E; Saddler, J N

    2010-07-01

    Canada has invested significantly in the development of a domestic bioethanol industry, and it is expected that bioethanol from lignocellulosics will become more desirable to the industry as it expands. Development of the Canadian industry to date is described in this paper, as are examples of domestic research programs focused on both bioconversion and thermochemical conversion to generate biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass. The availability of lignocellulosic residues from agricultural and forestry operations, and the potential biofuel production associated with these residues, is described. The policy tools used to develop the domestic bioethanol industry are explored. A residue-based process could greatly extend the potential of the bioethanol industry in Canada. It is estimated that bioethanol production from residual lignocellulosic feedstocks could provide up to 50% of Canada's 2006 transportation fuel demand, given ideal conversion and full access to these feedstocks. Utilizing lignocellulosic biomass will extend the geographic range of the bioethanol industry, and increase the stability and security of this sector by reducing the impact of localized disruptions in supply. Use of disturbance crops could add 9% to this figure, but not in a sustainable fashion. If pursued aggressively, energy crops ultimately could contribute bioethanol at a volume double that of Canada's gasoline consumption in 2006. This would move Canada towards greater transportation fuel independence and a larger role in the export of bioethanol to the global market. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Primary health care in Canada: systems in motion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchison, Brian; Levesque, Jean-Frederic; Strumpf, Erin; Coyle, Natalie

    2011-06-01

    During the 1980s and 1990s, innovations in the organization, funding, and delivery of primary health care in Canada were at the periphery of the system rather than at its core. In the early 2000s, a new policy environment emerged. This policy analysis examines primary health care reform efforts in Canada during the last decade, drawing on descriptive information from published and gray literature and from a series of semistructured interviews with informed observers of primary health care in Canada. Primary health care in Canada has entered a period of potentially transformative change. Key initiatives include support for interprofessional primary health care teams, group practices and networks, patient enrollment with a primary care provider, financial incentives and blended-payment schemes, development of primary health care governance mechanisms, expansion of the primary health care provider pool, implementation of electronic medical records, and quality improvement training and support. Canada's experience suggests that primary health care transformation can be achieved voluntarily in a pluralistic system of private health care delivery, given strong government and professional leadership working in concert. © 2011 Milbank Memorial Fund. Published by Wiley Periodicals Inc.

  5. Hot air : meeting Canada's climate change challenge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simpson, J.; Jaccard, M.; Rivers, N.

    2007-07-01

    As a large northern country, Canada will change significantly as a result of climate change. Global warming is expected to cause diminutions of snow and ice changes in the Arctic, as well as changes to glaciers, and the mountain snowpacks that feed rivers, and provide sources of fresh water. This book argued that the effects of global warming have been apparent in Canada for many years. Water levels in lakes and rivers have been falling, and a thawing permafrost has led to difficulties in building and maintaining winter roads in the far north. Disturbances such as the mountain pine beetle (MPB) infestation in British Columbia have also been attributed to global warming, the beetles are only killed by cold weather. The book also considered Canada's current climate change policies, and discussed attempts to arrive at meaningful and effective strategies. 30 refs.

  6. Endoscopy in Canada: Proceedings of the National Roundtable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Switzer, Noah; Dixon, Elijah; Tinmouth, Jill; Bradley, Nori; Vassiliou, Melina; Schwaitzberg, Steve; Gomes, Tony; Ellsmere, James; de Gara, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This 2014 roundtable discussion, hosted by the Canadian Association of General Surgeons, brought together general surgeons and gastroenterologists with expertise in endoscopy from across Canada to discuss the state of endoscopy in Canada. The focus of the roundtable was the evaluation of the competence of general surgeons at endoscopy, reviewing quality assurance parameters for high-quality endoscopy, measuring and assessing surgical resident preparedness for endoscopy practice, evaluating credentialing programs for the endosuite and predicting the future of endoscopic services in Canada. The roundtable noted several important observations. There exist inadequacies in both resident training and the assessment of competency in endoscopy. From these observations, several collaborative recommendations were then stated. These included the need for a formal and standardized system of both accreditation and training endoscopists.

  7. Genotyping of measles virus in Canada: 1979-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tipples, Graham A; Gray, Michael; Garbutt, Michael; Rota, Paul A

    2004-05-01

    Genotyping is an important component of measles surveillance. In this study, we report the genotypes of 30 measles viruses from cases in Canada; 6 of these were collected between 1979 and 1996 and 24 were collected from 1997 through 2002. Many measles virus genotypes were found (C1, C2, D3, D4, D5, D6, D7, D8, E, and H1). These data indicate that the predominant measles virus genotypes detected from 1979 to 1997 in Canada are no longer commonly found. Since the implementation of a routine second dose of measles vaccine and catch-up campaigns in 1996-1997, the wide variety of measles virus genotypes found supports epidemiological data showing that importation of measles is the source of current measles cases in Canada.

  8. Global change: The geological survey of Canada perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luckman, B.H. (University of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada)); Harry, D.G. (Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada))

    Geological processes are fundamental to understanding global change, or the study of the way mankind modifies the earth environment, and many activities of the Geological Survey of Canada are directly relevant to global change issues. From the Survey's perspective, several aspects of these issues are critical: prediction of present and future climate-process systems from past and present environments, the present rate and magnitude of environmental change in Canada, and the areas of Canada which are at risk due to global change impacts. Global change studies are of particular importance in the Arctic for such reasons as the probability of early detection of global warming in the Arctic, the critical role of the Canadian Arctic in determining global climate, and the strength of Canadian expertise in Arctic research. Research being conducted on contemporary environments, the paleoenvironmental record, the carbon cycle and greenhouse effect, changes in sea level, and environmental geochemistry is outlined.

  9. Petroleum prospectivity of the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grantz, A.; Hart, P.E.

    2011-01-01

    Reconnaissance seismic reflection data indicate that Canada Basin is a remnant of the Amerasia Basin of the Arctic Ocean that lies south of the Alpha-Mendeleev Large Igneous Province, which was constructed on the northern part of the Amerasia Basin between about 127 and 89-75 Ma. Canada Basin is filled with Early Jurassic to Holocene detritus from the Mackenzie River system, which drains the northern third of interior North America, with sizable contributions from Alaska and Northwest Canada. Except for the absence of a salt- and shale-bearing mobile substrate Canada Basin is analogous to the Mississippi Delta and the western Gulf of Mexico. Canada Basin contains about 7 to >14 km of sediment beneath the Mackenzie Prodelta on the southeast, 6 to 7 km of sediment beneath the abyssal plain on the west, and roughly 5 or 6 million cubic km of sediment. About three fourths of the basin fill generates low amplitude seismic reflections, interpreted to represent hemiplegic deposits, and a fourth of the fill generates interbedded lenses to extensive layers of moderate to high amplitude reflections interpreted to represent unconfined turbidite and amalgamated channel deposits. Extrapolation from Arctic Alaska and Northwest Canada suggests that three fourths of the section in Canada Basin may contain intervals of hydrocarbon source rocks and the apparent age of the basin suggests that it contains three of the six stratigraphic intervals that together provided >90?? of the World's discovered reserves of oil and gas.. Worldwide heat flow averages suggest that about two thirds of Canada Basin lies in the oil or gas window. At least five types of structural or stratigraphic features of local to regional occurrence offer exploration targets in Canada Basin. These consist of 1) a belt of late Eocene to Miocene shale-cored detachment folds containing with at least two anticlines that are capped by beds with bright spots, 2) numerous moderate to high amplitude reflection packets

  10. Endoscopy in Canada: Proceedings of the National Roundtable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noah Switzer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This 2014 roundtable discussion, hosted by the Canadian Association of General Surgeons, brought together general surgeons and gastroenterologists with expertise in endoscopy from across Canada to discuss the state of endoscopy in Canada. The focus of the roundtable was the evaluation of the competence of general surgeons at endoscopy, reviewing quality assurance parameters for high-quality endoscopy, measuring and assessing surgical resident preparedness for endoscopy practice, evaluating credentialing programs for the endosuite and predicting the future of endoscopic services in Canada. The roundtable noted several important observations. There exist inadequacies in both resident training and the assessment of competency in endoscopy. From these observations, several collaborative recommendations were then stated. These included the need for a formal and standardized system of both accreditation and training endoscopists.

  11. Endoscopy in Canada: Proceedings of the National Roundtable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Switzer, Noah; Dixon, Elijah; Tinmouth, Jill; Bradley, Nori; Vassiliou, Melina; Schwaitzberg, Steve; Gomes, Anthony; Ellsmere, James; de Gara, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This 2014 roundtable discussion, hosted by the Canadian Association of General Surgeons, brought together general surgeons and gastroenterologists with expertise in endoscopy from across Canada to discuss the state of endoscopy in Canada. The focus of the roundtable was the evaluation of the competence of general surgeons at endoscopy, reviewing quality assurance parameters for high-quality endoscopy, measuring and assessing surgical resident preparedness for endoscopy practice, evaluating credentialing programs for the endosuite and predicting the future of endoscopic services in Canada. The roundtable noted several important observations. There exist inadequacies in both resident training and the assessment of competency in endoscopy. From these observations, several collaborative recommendations were then stated. These included the need for a formal and standardized system of both accreditation and training endoscopists. PMID:25886520

  12. Placebo Trends across the Border: US versus Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Cory S; Campbell, Natasha K J; Raz, Amir

    2015-01-01

    Physicians around the world report to using placebos in a variety of situations and with varying degrees of frequency. Inconsistent methodologies, however, complicate interpretation and prevent direct comparisons across studies. While US- and Canada-based physicians share similar professional standards, Canada harbours a less-litigious universal healthcare model with no formal placebo-related policy-factors that may impact how physicians view and use placebos. To compare American and Canadian data, we circulated an online survey to academic physicians practicing in Canada, collected anonymous responses, and extracted those of internists and rheumatologists for comparison to US data obtained through parallel methodologies. Whereas our data show overall concordance across the border-from definitions to ethical limitations and therapeutic potential-differences between American- and Canadian-based placebo practices merit acknowledgement. For example, compared to 45%-80% among US-based respondents, only 23±7% of Canada-based respondents reported using placebos in clinical practice. However, 79±7% of Canada-respondents-a figure comparable to US data-professed to prescribing at least one form of treatment without proven or expected efficacy. Placebo interventions including unwarranted vitamins and herbal supplements (impure placebos) as well as sugar pills and saline injections (pure placebos) appear more common in Canada, where more doctors described placebos as "placebos" (rather than "medications") and used them as a "diagnostic" tool (rather than a means of placating patient demands for treatment). Cross-border variation in the use of clinical placebos appears minor despite substantial differences in health care delivery system, malpractice climate, and placebo-related policy. The prevalence of impure placebos in both Canadian and US clinics raises ethical and practical questions currently unaddressed by policy and warranting investigation.

  13. A review of existing renewable energy facilities in Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nyboer, J.; Pape-Salmon, A.

    2003-05-01

    This first annual report on renewable energy in the Canadian electricity sector includes records from 629 power plants across Canada. Renewable energy sources include wind, hydroelectricity, wood residue biomass, landfill/sewage gas, solar photovoltaic, municipal solid waste, and tidal energy. The data in this report was acquired from Statistics Canada and other public information sources. For each of the 629 renewable energy power plants, this report states its type of renewable energy, the province, the name of the project, its location, its operator, electrical generating capacity, number of generating units, average annual electricity production, and the year it began operation. The majority (64 per cent) of Canada's total installed power capacity comes from renewable energy sources, with the dominant source being hydroelectricity. Manitoba has the highest portion of renewable energy at almost 98 per cent of its installed electrical capacity. Nearly half of Canada's renewable power capacity is in Quebec, followed by 18 per cent in British Columbia. Nova Scotia has Canada's only tidal power plant. Approximately 80 per cent of the total installed renewable energy power capacity in Canada is owned by integrated electric utilities. Eleven per cent is owned by renewable electricity generating companies, 5 per cent is owned by aluminium companies, and 3 per cent is owned by pulp and paper companies. The rest is owned by diversified electricity generators. It is expected that with the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol interest in renewable energy will grow. 6 refs., 3 tabs., 2 figs., 1 appendix.

  14. When geographical indication conflicts with food heritage protection Projet d’indication géographique : entre préservation d’un patrimoine alimentaire et uniformisation d’une production. Le cas du fromage Serrano, Rio Grande do Sul, Brésil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delphine Vitrolles

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The push for origin labelling represents a new challenge for developing countries. This article describes an origin-labelling scheme under consideration by Emater, a Brazilian public body established to support small farmers. The product in question is Serrano cheese, a local speciality from the Campos de Cima da Serra region in Rio Grande do Sul (the southernmost state in Brazil. Some 70 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore respondents’ attitudes to Geographical Indication (GI, and assess its relevance as a means of preserving the cultural identity of Serrano cheese. Our findings revealed the limitations of the scheme due to its top-down design, suggesting that Emater has failed to grasp the full implications of GI classification. While the aim would be to promote and preserve local history and culinary heritage, the outcome may be quite the opposite: GI labelling may lead to standardized production methods that would cut local producers out of the loop altogether.Dans les pays du Sud, les initiatives visant à établir ou à renforcer les liens entre les produits d’origine et leur territoire de production représentent un enjeu de développement. Cet article présente le projet de valorisation d’une spécialité locale, le fromage Serrano, en cours d’étude par une institution brésilienne, l’Emater. Soixante-treize entretiens semi directifs nous ont permis d’évaluer la pertinence d’une indication géographique (IG dans une optique de conservation de l’identité culturelle du fromage. L’analyse révèle les limites d’un projet descendant (top-down et suggère les difficultés d’appropriation du sens et des implications de la mise en place d’une IG par l’Emater. Malgré la volonté de valoriser et de revendiquer une histoire et un patrimoine alimentaire, ce label devrait conduire à une standardisation de la production et à une exclusion des producteurs. Il se pourrait que l’indication g

  15. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-06

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

  16. Reformulating lead-based paint as a problem in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Grady, Kelly; Perron, Amélie

    2011-12-01

    Leaded gasoline was officially removed from the Canadian market in December 1990. The removal of a major lead source and the subsequent decline in children's blood lead levels marked an important transition point and sparked the emergence of new discourse on lead in Canada. Today, childhood lead poisoning is viewed as a problem of the past or a problem of the United States. Sparse Canadian surveillance data supported this view. Moreover, tensions among federal agencies evolved into a power struggle, with Health Canada ultimately becoming the dominant authority, thereby relegating important research initiatives to obscurity and also shaping a vastly weaker regulatory response to lead than occurred in the United States.

  17. Impacts of sulphur and nitrogen deposition in western Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick D. SHAW

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The expansion of transportation sectors (road vehicles and marine vessels, industry (e.g., oil and gas and urban centres in western Canada has triggered a growth in research, monitoring and modelling activities investigating the impacts of sulphur and nitrogen deposition on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This special issue presents an overview of related research in British Columbia (Georgia Basin, Alberta (Athabasca Oil Sands Region, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The research provides a valuable benchmark for future studies across the region and points the way forward for 'acid rain' policies in western Canada.

  18. Reformulating Lead-Based Paint as a Problem in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perron, Amélie

    2011-01-01

    Leaded gasoline was officially removed from the Canadian market in December 1990. The removal of a major lead source and the subsequent decline in children's blood lead levels marked an important transition point and sparked the emergence of new discourse on lead in Canada. Today, childhood lead poisoning is viewed as a problem of the past or a problem of the United States. Sparse Canadian surveillance data supported this view. Moreover, tensions among federal agencies evolved into a power struggle, with Health Canada ultimately becoming the dominant authority, thereby relegating important research initiatives to obscurity and also shaping a vastly weaker regulatory response to lead than occurred in the United States. PMID:21836119

  19. Space Radar Image of Altona, Manitoba, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This is an X-band seasonal image of the Altona test site in Manitoba, Canada, about 80 kilometers (50 miles) south of Winnipeg. The image is centered at approximately 49 degrees north latitude and 97.5 degrees west longitude. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C and X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on April 11, 1994, during the first flight of the radar system, and on October 2, 1994, during the second flight of SIR-C/X-SAR. The image channels have the following color assignments: red represents data acquired on April 11, 1994; green represents data acquired on October 2, 1994; blue represents the ratio of the two data sets. The test site is located in the Red River Basin and is characterized by rich farmland where a variety of crops are grown, including wheat, barley, canola, corn, sunflowers and sugar beets. This SIR-C/X-SAR research site is applying radar remote sensing to study the characteristics of vegetation and soil moisture. The seasonal comparison between the April and October 1994 data show the dramatic differences between surface conditions on the two dates. At the time of the April acquisition, almost all agricultural fields were bare and soil moisture levels were high. In October, however, soils were drier and while most crops had been harvested, some standing vegetation was still present. The areas which are cyan in color are dark in April and bright in October. These represent fields of standing biomass (amount of vegetation in a specified area) and the differences in brightness within these cyan fields represent differences in vegetation type. The very bright fields in October represent standing broadleaf crops such as corn, which had not yet been harvested. Other standing vegetation which has less biomass, such as hay and grain fields, are less bright. The magenta indicates bare soil surfaces which were wetter (brighter) in April than in October. The variations in brightness of

  20. New Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) records for Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Hume; Bouchard, Patrice; Anderson, Robert S; de Tonnancour, Pierre; Vigneault, Robert; Webster, Reginald P

    2013-01-01

    The following species of Curculionoidea are recorded from Canada for the first time, in ten cases also representing new records at the generic level: Ischnopterapion (Ischnopterapion) loti (Kirby, 1808); Stenopterapion meliloti (Kirby, 1808) (both Brentidae); Atrichonotus taeniatulus (Berg, 1881); Barinus cribricollis (LeConte, 1876); Caulophilus dubius (Horn, 1873); Cionus scrophulariae (Linnaeus, 1758); Cryptorhynchus tristis LeConte, 1876; Cylindrocopturus furnissi Buchanan, 1940; Cylindrocopturus quercus (Say, 1832); Desmoglyptus crenatus (LeConte, 1876); Pnigodes setosus LeConte, 1876; Pseudopentarthrum parvicollis (Casey, 1892); Sibariops confinis (LeConte, 1876); Sibariops confusus (Boheman, 1836); Smicronyx griseus LeConte, 1876; Smicronyx lineolatus Casey, 1892; Euwallacea validus (Eichhoff, 1875); Hylocurus rudis (LeConte, 1876); Lymantor alaskanus Wood, 1978; Phloeotribus scabricollis (Hopkins, 1916); Scolytus oregoni Blackman, 1934; Xyleborus celsus Eichhoff, 1868; Xyleborus ferrugineus (Fabricius, 1801); Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky, 1866) (all Curculionidae). In addition the following species were recorded for the first time from these provinces and territories: Yukon - Dendroctonus simplex LeConte, 1868; Phloetribus piceae Swaine, 1911 (both Curculionidae); Northwest Territories - Loborhynchapion cyanitinctum (Fall, 1927) (Brentidae); Nunavut - Dendroctonus simplex LeConte, 1868 (Curculionidae); Alberta - Anthonomus tectus LeConte, 1876; Promecotarsus densus Casey, 1892; Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, 1902; Hylastes macer LeConte, 1868; Rhyncolus knowltoni (Thatcher, 1940); Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov Tjan-Shansky, 1902 (all Curculionidae); Saskatchewan - Phloeotribus liminaris (Harris, 1852); Rhyncolus knowltoni (Thatcher, 1940); Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov Tjan-Shansky, 1902 (all Curculionidae); Manitoba - Cosmobaris scolopacea Germar, 1819; Listronotus maculicollis (Kirby, 1837); Listronotus punctiger LeConte, 1876; Scolytus schevyrewi

  1. Canada as an Immigrant Nation: Implications for Educators Excerpts from an Interview with John Ralston Saul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Canada, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This article presents an interview with John Ralston Saul, one of Canada's pre-eminent thinkers. In the interview, Mr. Saul shares his provocative and compelling thoughts on the state of Canada's public education systems.

  2. GPM GROUND VALIDATION ENVIRONMENT CANADA (EC) VAISALA CEILOMETER GCPEX V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Environment Canada (EC) collected ceilometer data during the GPM Cold-season Precipitation Experiment (GCPEx) in Huronia, Canada from January 15, 2012 through March...

  3. GPM GROUND VALIDATION ENVIRONMENT CANADA (EC) MICRO RAIN RADAR (MRR) GCPEX V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Environment Canada (EC) collected data from the Micro Rain Radar (MRR) during the GPM Cold-season Precipitation Experiment (GCPEx) in Ontario, Canada during the...

  4. GPM GROUND VALIDATION ENVIRONMENT CANADA (EC) WEB CAMERA IMAGES GCPEX V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The GPM Ground Validation Environment Canada (EC) Web Camera Images GCPEx were taken at 5 site locations in Ontario, Canada during the GPM Cold-season Precipitation...

  5. Canada. Forestry Canada. Science and sustainable development directorate: ARNEWS: Annual report 1991. Information report No. ST-X-5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, J.P.; Pendrel, B.A.; Van Sickle, G.A.

    1992-01-01

    Forestry Canada's Acid Rain National Early Warning System (ARNEWS) has been in place since 1984 to detect early signs of damage to Canadian forests. ARNEWS is a long-term biomonitoring program designed to detect changes in forest vegetation and soils. ARNEWS consists of 103 permanent sample plots located in all 10 provinces. The health of 18 conifer and 9 hardwood species is described. This document presents methods used, the health of Canada's forests, further discussion and conclusions.

  6. Allan C. Gotlib, DC, CM: A worthy Member of the Order of Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Douglas M

    2016-03-01

    On June 29, 2012, His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, announced 70 new appointments to the Order of Canada. Among them was Dr. Allan Gotlib, who was subsequently installed as a Member of the Order of Canada, in recognition of his contributions to advancing research in the chiropractic profession and its inter-professional integration. This paper attempts an objective view of his career, to substantiate the accomplishments that led to Dr. Gotlib receiving Canada's highest civilian honour.

  7. Learning to Be. A Perspective from British Columbia, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halbert, Judy; Kaser, Linda

    2015-01-01

    This article describes how "learning to be", with a specific focus on social-emotional competencies, has become part of the educational mindset--and educational policy--in British Columbia, Canada. The development of a set of learning progressions for social responsibility, an emphasis on social emotional learning in the new curriculum…

  8. All projects related to canada | Page 4 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Malawi has the highest preterm delivery rate in the world. Topic: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, HEALTH FACILITIES, DECISION MAKING, MALAWI, TRAINING, SOUTHEAST ASIA. Region: Malawi, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 981,153.00. Community-Based Cause of Death Study ...

  9. All projects related to Canada | Page 5 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This innovative project will address the problem of rising obesity and overweight rates in Ecuador through a civil society-led marketing campaign on responsible food consumption. Topic: LATIN AMERICA, Health, FOOD CONSUMPTION, MARKETING, DIET, Civil society. Region: Ecuador, Canada. Program: Food ...

  10. Insights from the French Immersion Experience in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safty, Adel

    Canada's French immersion program began in 1965 in response to anglophone parent demand for bilingual French/English instruction. Instruction entirely in French begins in kindergarten, and formal English instruction begins in third grade. The program's popularity has caused rapid expansion, with success attributed to changing attitudes toward…

  11. canada : tous les projets | Page 21 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: SRI LANKA, REMITTANCES, PEACE, TERRORISM, CONFLICT RESOLUTION, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. Région: Canada, North and Central America, Sri Lanka, South America, Central Asia, Far East Asia, South Asia. Programme: Gouvernance et justice. Financement total : CA$ 366,700.00. Recherche ...

  12. All projects related to Canada | Page 11 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: SOUTHEAST ASIA, INFECTIOUS DISEASES, EPIDEMICS, TERRORISM, DISASTER PREVENTION. Region: South Asia, Far East Asia, Canada, Thailand. Program: Food, Environment, and Health. Total Funding: CA$ 335,000.00. Building Human Resource Capacity in Uruguay's Extractive Industry. Project. Properly ...

  13. Mutual Intercultural Relations among University Students in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gui, Yongxia; Safdar, Saba; Berry, John

    2016-01-01

    The current study examies the views of both international and domestic students in Canada using the conceptual and empirical framework from the MIRIPS (Mutual Intercultural Relations in Plural Societies) project (http://www.victoria.ac.nz/cacr/research/mirips). Two hypotheses were examined. First is the "multiculturalism hypothesis"…

  14. All projects related to canada | Page 14 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-03-31

    Opportunities in CARICOM Migration : Brain Circulation, Diasporic Tourism, and Investment. Project. Between 1965 and 2000, about 12% of the Caribbean labour force moved to Canada and other developed countries, making the Caribbean the largest per capita source of emigrants in the world. Start Date: March 31, 2009.

  15. All projects related to canada | Page 21 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-03-31

    Opportunities in CARICOM Migration : Brain Circulation, Diasporic Tourism, and Investment. Project. Between 1965 and 2000, about 12% of the Caribbean labour force moved to Canada and other developed countries, making the Caribbean the largest per capita source of emigrants in the world. Start Date: March 31, 2009.

  16. Feeding nine billion by 2050? Canada can help | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2014-10-15

    Oct 15, 2014 ... That's why they are at the heart of this year's World Food Day theme: family farming—feeding the world, caring for the earth. Smallholder farming families in developing countries are also central to Canada's efforts to achieve global food security, efforts that are delivering promising results. But ensuring food ...

  17. Canada's Minister of International Trade meets IDRC-supported ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2017-07-17

    Jul 17, 2017 ... Photo credit: Canadian Embassy in Colombia Fostering entrepreneurship, discussing how trade can benefit women and their families, and creating job opportunities for the most vulnerable was at the heart of the roundtable discussion with Canada's Minister of International Trade, the Honourable ...

  18. Canada-Africa grants spur novel ideas, networks | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-06-22

    Jun 22, 2016 ... Eric Smith. Short-term collaborations between Canadian and African researchers has generated compelling results on such pressing issues as maternal and child health, climate change impacts, and alternative energy sources. The Canada Africa Research Exchange Grants (CAREG) program fostered ...

  19. The Online Promotion of Entrepreneurship Education: A View from Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizarro Milian, Roger; Gurrisi, Marc

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine how entrepreneurship education is being marketed to students within the Canadian university sector. Design/methodology/approach: A content analysis of the webpages representing 66 entrepreneurship education programs in Canada is performed. Findings: Entrepreneurship education is found to…

  20. Recognition of Langue des Signes Quebecoise in Eastern Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parisot, Anne-Marie; Rinfret, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a portrait of two community-level and legal efforts in Canada to obtain official recognition of ASL and LSQ (Langue des signes quebecoise), both of which are recognized as official languages by the Canadian Association of the Deaf (CAD). In order to situate this issue in the Canadian linguistic context, the authors first…

  1. Food advertising during children's television in Canada and the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, J; Hennessy-Priest, K; Ingimarsdóttir, S; Sheeshka, J; Ostbye, T; White, M

    2009-09-01

    Television advertisements for less healthy foods are thought to contribute to overweight and obesity in children. In the UK, new regulations on television food advertising to children came into effect in April 2007. These prohibit advertisements for "less healthy" foods during or around programmes "of particular appeal to" (OPAT) children. In Canada, self-regulated codes of practice on television food advertising to children were recently strengthened. To document the nutritional content of food advertised and number of advertisements OPAT children broadcast in the UK and central Canada before the introduction of the new UK regulations. All food advertisements broadcast on four popular channels in Canada and the three terrestrial commercial channels in the UK during 1 week in 2006 were identified and linked to relevant nutritional data. Food advertisements OPAT children and for "less healthy" products were identified using the criteria in the UK regulations. 2315 food related advertisements broadcast in Canada and 1365 broadcast in the UK were included. 52-61% were for "less healthy" products; 5-11% were OPAT children. Around 5% of food advertisements would have been prohibited under the new UK regulations. There were few differences in the nutritional content of food described in advertisements that were and were not OPAT children. There was little evidence that food described in advertisements OPAT children were any less healthy than those that were not. Few food advertisements are likely to be prohibited by the new UK regulations.

  2. canada : tous les projets | Page 19 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: International cooperation, ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE. Région: Canada. Programme: Fondements pour l'innovation. Financement total : CA$ 609,600.00. Faire en sorte que la recherche en santé influence les politiques. Projet. Le fait que les taux de mortalité et de morbidité demeurent élevés dans de nombreux ...

  3. All projects related to Canada | Page 7 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Project. In Mali and Burkina Faso, maternal and child mortality rates remain high. Topic: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, HEALTH SERVICES, INFORMATION DISSEMINATION, HEALTH FINANCING, PUBLICATIONS, AFRICA. Region: Burkina Faso, Mali, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ ...

  4. canada : tous les projets | Page 15 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le code barre ADN est un nouvel outil de recherche taxinomique. Date de début : 1 avril 2010. End Date: 1 octobre 2013. Sujet: BIOLOGY, BIODIVERSITY, ECOLOGY. Région: Argentina, South America, Costa Rica, North and Central America, Kenya, Peru, South Africa, North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Mexico, Canada.

  5. Portrayal of Canada in the Dutch print media

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    d'Haenens, L.S.J.; Bosman, J.A.M.

    2003-01-01

    This article is devoted to the nature of recent news coverage of Canada in the on-line versions of eight Dutch newspapers. The research literature points to five recurrent frames in news reporting: conflict, human interest, economic impact, morality, and responsibility. Our central research question

  6. All projects related to Canada | Page 17 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Project. Under "Healthy China 2020," universal basic healthcare coverage will be provided to all Chinese by 2020. Topic: CASE STUDIES, ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE, HEALTH SYSTEM, PUBLIC HEALTH, HEALTH POLICY. Region: China, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 1,874,950.00.

  7. Checklist of the Coleoptera of New Brunswick, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Reginald P.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract All 3,062 species of Coleoptera from 92 families known to occur in New Brunswick, Canada, are recorded, along with their author(s) and year of publication using the most recent classification framework. Adventive and Holarctic species are indicated. There are 366 adventive species in the province, 12.0% of the total fauna. PMID:27110174

  8. Case report: Coccidiosis and lead poisoning in Canada geese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locke, L.N.; Bagley, George E.

    1967-01-01

    Four dead Canada geese (Branta canadensis L.) collected at the Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge, Delaware were found to have both marked duodenal lesions of coccidiosis and high levels of lead in the liver. Although only one goose had lead shot in the gizzard, all four had levels of lead in the liver suggestive of lead poisoning.

  9. Offering sanctuary to failed refugee claimants in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin Marshall

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite the anti-refugee sentiment demonstrated by Canada’s recent legislative changes and the government’s hardening attitude towards those in sanctuary, the spirit of resistance and community engagement is alive and well in Canada.

  10. All projects related to Canada | Page 8 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2017-01-26

    The flood-prone Poyang Lake is the largest freshwater lake in China, accounting for 9% of the drainage area of the Yangtze River Basin. End Date: January 26, 2017. Topic: WATER MANAGEMENT, AGRICULTURE, POLICY MAKING, Climate change, ADAPTATION. Region: China, Canada. Program: Climate Change.

  11. Constructing Bullying in Ontario, Canada: A Critical Policy Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winton, Sue; Tuters, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    As the prevalence and negative effects of bullying become widely known, people around the world seem desperate to solve the bullying "problem". A sizeable body of research about many aspects of bullying and a plethora of anti-bullying programmes and policies now exist. This critical policy analysis asks: how does Ontario, Canada's…

  12. Drama and Theatre Education in Canada: A Snapshot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Mindy R.

    2014-01-01

    This "Note from the Field" provides an overview of what is happening in Kindergarten to University drama and theatre education across Canada. In addition to this snapshot I offer some considerations for extending this discipline and its potential impact on curriculum, policy and practice.

  13. The Gender Wage Gap: A Comparison of Australia and Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Michael P.; Shannon, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Data from the 1989 Canadian Labour Market Activity Survey and 1989-90 Australian Income Distribution Survey suggest that a lower rate of return to education and labor market experience and a lower level of wage inequality in Australia are responsible for the smaller gender wage gap in Australia than in Canada. (SK)

  14. Hierarchical den selection of Canada lynx in western Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    John R. Squires; Nicholas J. Decesare; Jay A. Kolbe; Leonard F. Ruggiero

    2008-01-01

    We studied den selection of Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis; hereafter lynx) at multiple ecological scales based on 57 dens from 19 females located in western Montana, USA, between 1999 and 2006. We considered 3 spatial scales in this analysis, including den site (11-m-radius circle surrounding dens), den area (100-m-radius circle), and den environ (1-...

  15. Careers Canada, Volume 9: Careers in the Hospitality Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Manpower and Immigration, Ottawa (Ontario).

    This booklet, designed for prospective job seekers, describes occupational opportunities within the food service, food preparation and hotel/motel industries in Canada. The preparatory training and job descriptions of cooks, chefs, tourist guides, waiters, hotel and restaurant managers, bartenders and front desk clerks are highlighted.…

  16. All projects related to Canada | Page 25 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS, UNIVERSITIES, International cooperation. Region: North and Central America, South America, Canada. Program: Foundations for Innovation. Total Funding: CA$ 315,000.00. Linkage for Education and Research in Nursing (LEARN) : a Caribbean Initiative. Project. Nurses are the largest ...

  17. Measuring the Rheumatology Workforce in Canada: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brophy, Julie; Marshall, Deborah A; Badley, Elizabeth M; Hanly, John G; Averns, Henry; Ellsworth, Janet; Pope, Janet E; Barber, Claire E H

    2016-06-01

    The number of rheumatologists per capita has been proposed as a performance measure for arthritis care. This study reviews what is known about the rheumatologist workforce in Canada. A systematic search was conducted in EMBASE and MEDLINE using the search themes "rheumatology" AND "workforce" AND "Canada" from 2000 until December 2014. Additionally, workforce databases and rheumatology websites were searched. Data were abstracted on the numbers of rheumatologists, demographics, retirement projections, and barriers to healthcare. Twenty-five sources for rheumatology workforce information were found: 6 surveys, 14 databases, 2 patient/provider resources, and 3 epidemiologic studies. Recent estimates say there are 398 to 428 rheumatologists in Canada, but there were limited data on allocation of time to clinical practice. Although the net number of rheumatologists has increased, the mean age was ≥ 47.7 years, and up to one-third are planning to retire in the next decade. There is a clustering of rheumatologists around academic centers, while some provinces/territories have suboptimal ratios of rheumatologists per capita (range 0-1.1). Limited information was found on whether rural areas are receiving adequate services. The most consistent barrier reported by rheumatologists was lack of allied health professionals. In Canada there are regional disparities in access to rheumatologist care and an aging rheumatologist workforce. To address these workforce capacity issues, better data are needed including information on clinical full-time equivalents, delivery of care to remote communities, and use of alternative models of care to increase clinical capacity.

  18. Ebola and beyond: How Canada backs African problem-solvers ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2014-10-10

    Oct 10, 2014 ... Canada is forging important links with the next generation of African leaders through our commitment to helping AIMS expand. AIMS is producing highly motivated problem-solvers with the advanced mathematical skills needed to confront the tremendous challenges facing Africa, and the world. We can take ...

  19. 9 CFR 93.418 - Cattle from Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; the date of such vaccination; the dosage of vaccine used; and the age of each animal on the date of... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cattle from Canada. 93.418 Section 93.418 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  20. All projects related to Canada | Page 9 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: NUTRITION, Food security, WOMEN, FOOD PRODUCTION, DIET, FOOD SHORTAGE. Region: Cambodia, Canada, United States. Program: Agriculture and Food Security. Total Funding: CA$ 4,500,000.00. Science Granting Councils Initiative in Sub-Saharan Africa: Strengthening Research Capacity. Project.

  1. Establishment of Canada's National Forest Inventory: Approach and Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    A. Y. Omule; Mark D. Gillis

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes Canada's National Forest Inventory (NFI) sampling design and implementation. It also describes issues related to annualizing the NFI using the approach of the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Enhanced Forest Inventory and Analysis program as a model. It concludes with an outline of plans to address the inventory annualization...

  2. History of Education in Canada: Historiographic "Turns" and Widening Horizons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno-Jofré, Rosa

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores major historiographic "turns" in history of education with a focus, although not exclusively, on English-speaking Canada. It addresses the transformative intellectual impact of the turn toward social history on the history of education, the impact of cultural history and the linguistic turn, the reception of Michel…

  3. The Very Essentials of Fitness for Trial Assessment in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newby, Diana; Faltin, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Fitness for trial constitutes the most frequent referral to forensic assessment services. Several approaches to this evaluation exist in Canada, including the Fitness Interview Test and Basic Fitness for Trial Test. The following article presents a review of the issues and a method for basic fitness for trial evaluation.

  4. Mounting ground sections of teeth: Cyanoacrylate adhesive versus Canada balsam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vangala, Manogna Rl; Rudraraju, Amrutha; Subramanyam, R V

    2016-01-01

    Hard tissues can be studied by either decalcification or by preparing ground sections. Various mounting media have been tried and used for ground sections of teeth. However, there are very few studies on the use of cyanoacrylate adhesive as a mounting medium. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of cyanoacrylate adhesive (Fevikwik™) as a mounting medium for ground sections of teeth and to compare these ground sections with those mounted with Canada balsam. Ground sections were prepared from twenty extracted teeth. Each section was divided into two halves and mounted on one slide, one with cyanoacrylate adhesive (Fevikwik™) and the other with Canada balsam. Scoring for various features in the ground sections was done by two independent observers. Statistical analysis using Student's t-test (unpaired) of average scores was performed for each feature observed. No statistically significant difference was found between the two for most of the features. However, cyanoacrylate was found to be better than Canada balsam for observing striae of Retzius (P enamel lamellae (P < 0.036), dentinal tubules (P < 0.0057), interglobular dentin (P < 0.0001), sclerotic dentin - transmitted light (P < 0.00001), sclerotic dentin - polarized light (P < 0.0002) and Sharpey's fibers (P < 0.0004). This initial study shows that cyanoacrylate is better than Canada balsam for observing certain features of ground sections of teeth. However, it remains to be seen whether it will be useful for studying undecalcified sections of carious teeth and for soft tissue sections.

  5. The Audioconference: Delivering Continuing Education for Addictions Workers in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burge, E. J.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Used audio conferencing for continuing education of Francophone and Anglophone addictions workers across Canada. Evaluation revealed that program design enabled cost-effective, real-time linking of local groups of professionals with their peers and with external expert colleagues. Found that such contact promoted social goals of networking and…

  6. All projects related to Canada | Page 21 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: AIDS PREVENTION, PROPHYLAXIS, VACCINES, TESTING, RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS. Region: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 1,265,640.00. Ethnic and Gender Discrimination in the Americas : the Case of Indigenous Women. Project.

  7. All projects related to canada | Page 13 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: AIDS PREVENTION, PROPHYLAXIS, VACCINES, TESTING, RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS. Region: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 1,265,640.00. Ethnic and Gender Discrimination in the Americas : the Case of Indigenous Women. Project.

  8. All projects related to canada | Page 11 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: HIV, AIDS, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, VACCINES, TESTING, Disease control. Region: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia, Canada, United States. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 1,317,190.00. Kenya AIDS Vaccine Initiative (KAVI) : a Centre of Excellence for East ...

  9. All projects related to canada | Page 19 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Topic: HIV, AIDS, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, VACCINES, TESTING, Disease control. Region: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Botswana, Tanzania, Zambia, Canada, United States. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 1,317,190.00. Kenya AIDS Vaccine Initiative (KAVI) : a Centre of Excellence for East ...

  10. [The prescribing rights of registered nurses in Canada].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussel, Josette

    2016-10-01

    In order to improve the performance of the healthcare system in Canada, registered nurses have been given the right to prescribe. The Canadian Nurses Association played a central role in the implementation of this change by developing a national reference framework, now available to Canadian provinces and territories. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. Internationalization in Australia and Canada: Lessons for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the internationalization of postsecondary education in Australia and Canada. The author discusses the contextual similarities and differences between the two countries, the shifting rationale "from aid to trade" behind Australia's internationalization attempts and some of the reasons for Australia's success.…

  12. All projects related to Canada | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Region: Mozambique, Canada. Program: Maternal and Child Health. Total Funding: CA$ 843,040.00. Agricultural water innovations in the tropics – AgWIT. Project. This project seeks to contribute to agricultural resilience to climate change in Costa Rica and Brazil by developing more sustainable soil and water management ...

  13. All projects related to canada | Page 2 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Project. This innovative project will address the problem of rising obesity and overweight rates in Ecuador through a civil society-led marketing campaign on responsible food consumption. Topic: LATIN AMERICA, Health, FOOD CONSUMPTION, MARKETING, DIET, Civil society. Region: Ecuador, Canada. Program: Food ...

  14. Canada-South Africa bilateral mobility grants for research chairs ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The bilateral mobility awards span a range of natural sciences and engineering disciplines across 11 different universities in Canada and South Africa. They include: an analysis of neuroimaging and genetic data (University of Victoria and University of Pretoria); double field theory (McGill University and University of Cape ...

  15. Identity, Good Language Learning, and Adult Immigrants in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervatiuc, Andreea

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the process of linguistic-and-cultural-identity formation as experienced by adult immigrants to Canada who consider themselves professionally successful and highly proficient in the target language. It addresses the characteristics of "good language learners" by determining how they negotiated their marginal standing…

  16. All projects related to Canada | Page 18 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results. Displaying 171 - 180 of 251. Integrated Nutrient and Water Management for Sustainable Food Production in the Sahel (CIFSRF) ... Region: Nigeria, North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Canada. Program: Agriculture and Food ... Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources. Project. Significant gaps ...

  17. Mental health of Latin Americans in Canada: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginieniewicz, Jorge; McKenzie, Kwame

    2014-05-01

    Latin Americans represent one of the fastest-growing immigrant populations in Canada. But very little is known about their mental health. This paper reviews the literature on the mental health of Latin American immigrants to Canada. The paper also identifies potential areas to expand the research agenda. Twenty-five papers were identified by a comprehensive electronic search undertaken in medical- and humanities-related databases. s are reported in three sections: (1) the rates of mental illness; (2) the risk factors that affect mental health; and (3) the access and barriers to care and services. Findings indicate that despite the diversity of immigration from Latin America to Canada, much of the information on mental health focuses on Central American refugees. The most frequently examined risk factor is displacement as a consequence of political persecution and torture in the home country. Access to mental health services in this population seems to be limited by cultural differences and language barriers. New research on this topic should reflect the growing diversity and heterogeneity of the Latin American population in Canada.

  18. All projects related to Canada | Page 4 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research, to be held in Vancouver from November 14-18, 2016, will be the largest global health conference held in Canada in recent years. Topic: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, AFRICA SOUTH OF SAHARA, CAUSES OF DEATH, HEALTH PERSONNEL, INFANT ...

  19. All projects related to Canada | Page 22 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-04-30

    Since 1978, IDRC has enabled the International Relations Division (IRD) of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC) to provide Canadian universities with liaison and information services on international development. Start Date: April 30, 2009. End Date: June 1, 2011. Topic: UNIVERSITIES ...

  20. Canada Selects African Health Organizations to Help Save the Lives ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC-CRDI

    working with policymakers and decision-makers to help make the best health policy decisions, and,. • identifying how nurses, doctors, and other health professionals can better deliver the care that is needed. Global Health Research Initiative. International Development Research Centre. PO Box 8500, Ottawa, ON, Canada ...