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Sample records for campo grande ms

  1. Ocorrência de Ixodes loricatus Neumann, 1899 (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitando Didelphis albiventris (Lund, 1841), (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae), em Campo Grande, MS Occurrence of Ixodes loricatus Neumann, 1899 (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing Didelphis albiventris (Lund, 1841) (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae) in Campo Grande , MS

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    Soraya R. Miziara; Fernando Paiva; Renato Andreotti; Wilson W. Koller; Vinicius A. Lopes; Nara T. Pontes; Klaudia Bitencourt

    2008-01-01

    Este é primeiro relato da ocorrência de Ixodes no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul e primeiro caso identificado de Ixodes loricatus Neumann, 1899, parasitando Didelphis albiventris no município de Campo Grande, MS, Brasil.This is first report of occurence of Ixodes in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul and first description of Ixodes loricatus Neumann, 1899, parasitizing Didelphis albiventris in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil.

  2. Plantas medicinais comercializadas no Mercado Municipal de Campo Grande-MS Commercialized medicinal plants in the Mercado Municipal of Campo Grande-MS

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    Mirella Ustulin

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi realizar um levantamento etnofarmacológico das principais espécies vegetais comercializadas no Mercado Municipal de Campo Grande (MS. O estudo foi realizado entre agosto de 2002 e agosto de 2003, através de entrevistas com os raizeiros. Cerca de 117 espécies foram citadas. Foram selecionadas as plantas dos biomas Cerrado e Pantanal e dessas 34 espécies foram adquiridas. Das plantas adquiridas 22 foram identificadas botanicamente, pois o material das outras foi deficiente para determinação até espécie. Das plantas identifificadas, somente dez são típicas do cerrado, podendo-se citar a Curatella americana, Guazuma ulmifolia, Maclura tinctoria e Stryphnodendron obovatum. A família com o maior número de citação foi Asteraceae, seguida de Moraceae, Sterculiaceae e Leguminosae. A parte das plantas mais utilizada é a folha, preparada principalmente como infusão. A indicação terapêutica mais citada foi como cicatrizante, no tratamento de feridas e dores reumáticas. Grande parte das espécies têm indicação de utilização popular para várias patologias e a maioria das espécies (65,2% não teve qualquer estudo farmacológico que confirmasse a indicação popular. Somente oito espécies (34,8% tiveram alguma atividade confirmada na literatura.The aim of this paper was the survey of the medicinal plants most used from Campo Grande population and commercialized in the Mercado Municipal of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The survey was performed in 2002 and 2003 by interviewing and revealed 117 species. Thirty four species were acquired, and of those 22 were identified. Of those ten are only typical of the Cerrado, like as: Curatella americana, Guazuma ulmifolia, Maclura tinctoria, Stryphnodendron obovatum etc. The most mentioned families were Asteraceae, Moraceae, Sterculiaceae and Leguminosae. The most used part of the plant is the leaf, mainly prepared as infusion. These folk

  3. Store Image Attributes and Customer Satisfaction in Supermarkets in Campo Grande-MS

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    Eluiza Alberto de Morais Watanabe

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between image attributes and consumer satisfaction in supermarkets. Specifically, we sought to: a identify the variables which make up the image attributes of supermarkets and group them into factors, and b assess the impact of image attributes on consumer satisfaction. We conducted a quantitative study, which met quotas by region and city income class, among 400 individuals from Campo Grande, MS, southwest Brazil, who were responsible for purchasing supermarket products for their families. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA and Structural Equation Modeling were used for the data analysis. The results revealed that the attributes are grouped into five factors. The constructs “environment” and “promotions” were not considered significant in determining satisfaction, while the attributes “employees”, “product” and “price” had a positive effect on satisfaction, with the latter having the greatest impact. DOI: 10.5585/remark.v12i4.2561

  4. New records of Muscidae (Diptera in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil Novos registros de dípteros muscóides em Campo Grande, MS, Brasil

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    Hera Luana Luiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Synanthropic flies outstanding beside other flies due their relative abundance close to domestic animals and human population, to which they are able to cause myiasis or transmit pathogenic agents. As they're necrophagous they act as corpse decomposers and are useful in the forensic entomology in the post mortem interval determination. This study aimed to know flies diversity and abundance in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Captures were made weekly, utilizing three traps baited with decaying fish meat, from June of 2008 to May of 2009 in a remainder ciliary forest of the Embrapa's Cattle Beef Experimental Farm. The dipterans families that were considered and respectively number of collected specimens were: Calliphoridae (105,334; Muscidae (27,999; Sarcophagidae (21,083; Fanniidae (17,759 and Mesembrinellidae (305, totalizing 172,480 dipterous. To the local known species some Muscidae were increased as follows: Neomuscina atincticosta, Pseudoptilolepis elbida, Polietina orbitalis, Polietina flavithorax, Scutellomusca scutellaris, Graphomya analis and Morellia couriae.As moscas sinantrópicas se destacam pelo fato de serem relativamente abundantes junto à população humana e animais domésticos, podendo causar a estes miíases ou transmitir agentes patogênicos. Por serem necrófagas, atuam na decomposição de cadáveres e são úteis para a entomologia forense como indicadores na determinação do intervalo post mortem - IPM. Este trabalho visou conhecer a diversidade e a abundância das espécies em Campo Grande, Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. As capturas foram realizadas semanalmente, com três armadilhas, utilizando isca de peixe deteriorado, durante o período de junho de 2008 a maio de 2009 em mata ciliar remanescente na fazenda experimental da Embrapa Gado de Corte. Foram consideradas as seguintes famílias de dípteros, seguidas pelo número de exemplares obtidos: Calliphoridae (105.334; Muscidae (27.999; Sarcophagidae (21

  5. Study of the beef consumption pattern in the city of Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Lana Diniz Brandão Dias; Luiza Isernhagen; Ricardo Carneiro Brumatti; Fábio José Carvalho Faria; Gumercindo Loriano Franco; Charles Kiefer; Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to identify beef consumption patterns compared to the consumption of chicken meat, pork, fish and lamb. The data were collected by questionnaire applied to the population of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Social, educational, economic and specific factors of beef consumption in relation to the order of consumption, meat attributes and consumer preference were included. The study was conducted on 429 consumers interviewed at the entrance of supermarke...

  6. Excessive daytime sleepiness in Campo Grande general population, Brazil Sonolência diurna excessiva na população geral de Campo Grande, MS

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    José Carlos Souza

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS in general population was determined by means of 408 home interviews of adults, in a representative sample of Campo Grande city, Brazil. The random sample was stratified by sex, age and economic social status. EDS was considered in those with indexes 11 or more in the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Statistics used chi-square, Fisher and Pearson tests; and inferences based on binomial distribution parameters; the significance level was 5% and confidence interval (CI was 95%. The prevalence of EDS was 18.9% of the general population ( SD=1.9%; CI 15.1% to 22.7%. No significant association was found between EDS and the use of hypnotics, nor with insomnia, body mass index, sex, age, years of schooling, economic social status, marital status, occupation and the use of alternative means to improve sleep. When the sample was separated according to sex, only the male group showed significant association between EDS and actual insomnia (p=0.005.Buscou-se a prevalência da sonolência diurna excessiva (SDE com 408 entrevistas domiciliares de adultos, em amostra representativa da população geral da cidade de Campo Grande, MS. A amostragem aleatória foi estratificada por sexo, idade e classe social. Tinham SDE as pessoas com 11 ou mais pontos na Escala de Sonolência Epworth. Usaram-se os testes de qui-quadrado, Fisher, Pearson e inferências com base nos parâmetros da distribuição binomial; nível de significância 5% e intervalo de confiança (IC 95%. Tinham SDE 18,9% da população (dp=1,9%; IC 15,1% a 22,7%; não houve associação significativa entre SDE e uso de hipnóticos, nem insônia, índice de massa corporal, sexo, idade, escolaridade, classe sócio-econômica, estado civil, ocupação e uso de meios alternativos para dormir melhor. Ao serem separados de acordo com sexo, apenas no sexo masculino houve associação significativa entre SDE e presença de insônia (p=0,005.

  7. Avaliação do uso de medicamentos na rede pública municipal de saúde de Campo Grande/MS An evaluation of drug use in the municipal health care service of Campo Grande-MS

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    Maria Candia Nunes da Cunha; José Roberto Zorzatto; Lia Lusitana Cardozo de Castro

    2002-01-01

    Em virtude do arsenal terapêutico disponível às populações, é crescente no âmbito mundial a preocupação com o uso racional dos medicamentos. Estudos de Utilização de Medicamentos, atividade da Farmacoepidemiologia, fornecem importantes informações sobre todas as fases do uso dos fármacos em uma sociedade e suas conseqüências, evidenciando como é feita a gestão saúde/doença. Neste estudo objetivou-se avaliar o uso de medicamentos na rede pública municipal de saúde de Campo Grande/MS, empregand...

  8. Anticorpos contra Toxoplasma gondii em estudantes de medicina veterinária de Campo Grande, MS, Brasil Antibodies to Toxoplasma Gondii in veterinary medicine students of Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Flábio Ribeiro de Araújo

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Amostras de soro obtidas de estudantes do curso de Medicina Veteriná ria da Universidade para o Desenvolvimento do Estado e da Região do Pantanal, Campo Grande, MS, Brasil, foram examinadas para a presença de anticorpos contra Toxoplasma gondii. Dos 145 soros testados, 44 (30,34% foram positivos na hemaglutinação, com título igual ou superior a 1:16. Não foram observadas associações entre as caracterí sticas epidemiológicas examinadas, tais como hábitos alimentares (ingestão de carne bovina crua ou malpassada, vegetais crus/não lavados, produtos lácteos não pasteurizados ou contato constante com cães e a presença de anticorpos contra T. gondii, exceto pelo percentual significativamente maior de estudantes soropositivos que relataram ter contato freqüente com gatos (P=0,03.Serum samples obtained from students of the School of Veterinary Medicine, Universidade para o Desenvolvimento do Estado e da Região do Pantanal, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil, were examined for Toxoplasma gondii gondii antibodies. Serum samples from 44 (30.34% of the 145 veterinary students examined were positive on the hemagglutination test, yielding a titer of 1:16 or greater. There were no relations between the epidemiological characteristics examined, such as food habits (eating of raw or rare-cooked cattle meat, raw/uncleaned vegetables, unpasteurized dairy products, frequent contact with dogs and the presence of T. gondii antibodies, except for a significantly higher percentual of seropositive students that reported frequent contact with cats (P=0.03.

  9. Avaliação do uso de medicamentos na rede pública municipal de saúde de Campo Grande/MS An evaluation of drug use in the municipal health care service of Campo Grande-MS

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    Maria Candia Nunes da Cunha

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Em virtude do arsenal terapêutico disponível às populações, é crescente no âmbito mundial a preocupação com o uso racional dos medicamentos. Estudos de Utilização de Medicamentos, atividade da Farmacoepidemiologia, fornecem importantes informações sobre todas as fases do uso dos fármacos em uma sociedade e suas conseqüências, evidenciando como é feita a gestão saúde/doença. Neste estudo objetivou-se avaliar o uso de medicamentos na rede pública municipal de saúde de Campo Grande/MS, empregando a metodologia preconizada pela OMS, através dos Indicadores Selecionados de Uso de Medicamentos. Para o cálculo dos indicadores foram coletados dados em 12 unidades sanitárias no período de Julho/98 a Junho/99. Foram analisadas 1480 prescrições, acompanhadas 1456 consultas e 1498 dispensações e foram entrevistados 735 usuários. Os resultados encontrados são compatíveis com os de outros estudos análogos realizados em diversas regiões do país. No entanto, importantes diferenças entre as equipes no uso de antibióticos e injetáveis sugerem a necessidade de pesquisas mais aprofundadas. A qualidade do atendimento aos usuários deve ser melhorada. E a Lista Local de Medicamentos Essenciais necessita estar sempre atualizada e divulgada entre os prescritores.The rational use of therapeutic drugs is arising as a consequence of an increase in the search for advanced therapeutic drugs. The therapeutic drugs use, that is a pharmacoepidemiology deal, can give evidence of how a society manage with all steps of therapeutic drugs use and also all consequence of this use. The therapeutic drugs use evaluation can demonstrate how healthyness/ilness link is handled in that society. The aim of this study was an evaluation of therapeutic drugs use at the Campo Grande/ MS public health. WHO indicators were used in this research. The evaluation was done using the medical prescrition indicator. The data were collected in 12 health care units

  10. Expectativas versus Satisfação dos Consumidores da Rede Hoteleira de Campo Grande-MS, Brasil

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    Dario de Oliveira Lima-Filho

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo                                                             

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi mensurar a satisfação dos consumidores da rede hoteleira de Campo Grande-MS, dentro do paradigma da desconfirmação das expectativas. Para tanto, foi feito um estudo quantitativo-descritivo transversal único junto a 407 indivíduos usuários de hotéis em Campo Grande-MS, de ambos os sexos e idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, em outubro de 2008, usando um questionário estruturado. Foi utilizado o modelo Servqual, por meio de suas cinco dimensões, sendo que na primeira parte foram estimadas as expectativas dos consumidores e na segunda a percepção do serviço prestado pelos hotéis. As variáveis consideradas foram: apresentação das acomodações, área de lazer, restaurante, cortesia dos funcionários, agilidade e eficiência dos funcionários, conhecimento dos funcionários, limpeza do hotel, localização, segurança e atenção personalizada. Os resultados revelam que os hotéis, em geral, não têm satisfeito as expectativas em relação à segurança e aos restaurantes, seguidos pela apresentação das acomodações e conhecimento dos funcionários. Para os hotéis da categoria A, a grande maioria das variáveis apresentou um alto grau de satisfação, para a categoria B as variáveis de maior valor são segurança, cortesia, agilidade e eficiência dos funcionários, seguidas por acomodações e atenção personalizada. Para a categoria C, os atributos mais importantes são a segurança, a agilidade e eficiência dos funcionários e a cortesia dos mesmos. Já os hotéis da classe D são os que menos proporcionam satisfação ao seu público.

    Adenovirus, calicivirus and astrovirus detection in fecal samples of hospitalized children with acute gastroenteritis from Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Marcia Sueli Assis Andreasi

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We analyzed fecal samples from hospitalized children up to three years of age with acute gastroenteritis at Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from May 2000-January 2004. Astrovirus and calicivirus were detected by Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction and adenovirus was detected using the Rotavirus and Adenovirus combined immunoenzyme assay. Astrovirus, adenovirus and calicivirus were detected at rates of 3.1%, 3.6% and 7.6%, respectively. These results re-emphasize the need for the establishment of regional vigilance systems to evaluate the impact of enteric viruses on viral gastroenteritis.

  11. Homicide as a public health problem in the city of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil O homicídio como problema de saúde pública no município de Campo Grande, MS

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    Maria Cristina Abraão Nachif

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This is a case study of homicides carried out within the Second Section of the Justice Court, in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. It has been observed that: most homicides are carried out by males (95,7%, Afro-Brazilians (62,9%, between 15 and 25 years (45,7%, illiterate or with incomplete schooling (74,3%, and unemployed (18,6%. It was also observed that the victims' profiles are very similar. Most homicides take place on public streets (41,4%, in the city suburbs, between 20 and 24 o'clock, (51,4%. In 50,0% of the cases, the victim did not receive help from any public health service. In the cases where any family member helped (37,41%, the victims were taken to the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital. Firearms were the prevailing weapons (70,0% and motives for all crimes were futile, or banal; in most cases (57,0%, alcohol was involved.Este trabalho trata-se de um estudo de caso, realizado na Segunda Vara do Tribunal do Júri, de Campo Grande, MS. Verificou-se que: a maioria dos homicídios foi praticada por homens (95,7%, pardos e negros (62,9%, entre 15 e 25 anos (45,7%, analfabetos ou com primeiro grau incompleto (74,3% e desempregados (18,6%. O perfil da vítima é semelhante ao do réu. A maioria dos homicídios ocorreu em via pública (41,4%, na periferia da cidade, entre as 20 e 24 horas (51,4%. Em 50,0% dos casos não houve socorro e encaminhamento para serviços de saúde. Nos casos socorridos por familiares (37,4% as vítimas foram levadas à Santa Casa de Misericórdia. A arma de fogo foi o principal instrumento dos homicídios (70,0%. A motivação para o crime, em todos os casos, foi motivo fútil, ou banal. A maioria (57,0%, envolveu o uso de álcool.

  12. Metallo-β-lactamase and genetic diversity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in intensive care units in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Ana Claudia Souza Rodrigues

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa has spread worldwide, with limited options for treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate metallo-β-lactamase-producing P. aeruginosa strains and compare their genetic profile using samples collected from patients in intensive care units. Forty P. aeruginosa strains were isolated from two public hospitals in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, from January 1st, 2007 to June 31st, 2008. Profiles of antimicrobial susceptibility were determined using the agar diffusion method. Metallo-β-lactamase was investigated using the double-disk diffusion test and PCR. Molecular typing was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE. Respiratory and urinary tracts were the most common isolation sites. Of the 40 samples tested, 72.5% (29/40 were resistant to ceftazidime and 92.5% (37/40 to imipenem, whereas 65% (26/40 were resistant to both antimicrobials. Fifteen pan-resistant samples were found. Five percent (2/40 of samples were positive for metallo-β-lactamase on the phenotype test. No metallo-β-lactamase subtype was detected by PCR. Macrorestriction analysis revealed 14 distinct genetic patterns. Based on the superior accuracy of PCR, it can be inferred that P. aeruginosa isolates from the investigated hospitals have alternative mechanisms of carbapenem resistance. The results also suggest clonal spread of P. aeruginosa between the studied hospitals.

  13. Caracterização das vítimas de ferimentos por arma de fogo, atendidas pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência em Campo Grande-MS Characterization of victims injured by firearms assisted by the Mobile Emergency Care Service in Campo Grande-MS

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    Simone Sanches

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A violência, em todas as suas apresentações, tem crescido de forma avassaladora no país, elevando os indicadores de morbidade e mortalidade por causas externas. O uso das armas de fogo, muitas vezes, faz vítimas fatais ou que podem permanecer sequeladas. Tal fato tem aumentado o ônus do estado com internações hospitalares e acréscimo dos anos de vida perdidos da população jovem, que constitui a grande maioria dessas vítimas. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo objetivou fazer um levantamento das vítimas de ferimentos por arma de fogo, atendidas pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência no município de Campo Grande-MS, no período de abril de 2005 a abril de 2007, nos dois primeiros anos de funcionamento, desde a implantação desse serviço na capital do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Realizou-se estudo descritivo, baseado em análise documental do sistema de informação do SAMU do município de Campo Grande-MS. Foram descritos 233 atendimentos. Os resultados evidenciaram 213 vítimas do sexo masculino, a faixa etária mais acometida foi dos 20 aos 24 anos de idade, a cabeça e o pescoço foram as partes do corpo mais atingidas e a região Sul do município de Campo Grande foi a que concentrou maior número de atendimentos. Conclui-se que a violência por arma de fogo em Campo Grande-MS atinge a camada economicamente ativa da população e provém de regiões de bolsões de pobreza e desigualdade social, justificando a implantação de um serviço como o SAMU.Violence has grown in an overwhelming way in Brazil, raising the indicators of morbidity and mortality by external causes. Many times, the use of firearms makes fatal victims or victims who may remain disabled. This fact has increased the State's onus regarding hospital costs and also the number of life years that the young population loses, as it forms the majority of the victims. The present study aimed to survey the victims of injuries caused by firearms, assisted by

  14. Purchase policies to fresh fruit and vegetables in supermarkets in Campo Grande, Brazil Formas de compra e procedência de hortaliças na rede de supermercados em Campo Grande (MS)

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    Dario de O Lima-Filho; Leidy Diana de S de Oliveira; Eluiza AM Watanabe; Marcia Mitiê D Maemura

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to analyze purchase policies to fruits and vegetables in supermarkets in Campo Grande, Brazilian Midwest. Thirteen interviews were conducted with representatives from supermarkets, small, medium and large, responsible for purchasing fresh vegetables. By analyzing the responses obtained through interviews, we can observe that producers make almost the entire supply of fruits and vegetables in large supermarkets from other states, and the small and medium establishments usually ...

  15. Purchase policies to fresh fruit and vegetables in supermarkets in Campo Grande, Brazil Formas de compra e procedência de hortaliças na rede de supermercados em Campo Grande (MS

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    Dario de O Lima-Filho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze purchase policies to fruits and vegetables in supermarkets in Campo Grande, Brazilian Midwest. Thirteen interviews were conducted with representatives from supermarkets, small, medium and large, responsible for purchasing fresh vegetables. By analyzing the responses obtained through interviews, we can observe that producers make almost the entire supply of fruits and vegetables in large supermarkets from other states, and the small and medium establishments usually buy more with the local producer. For retailers, the fruits and vegetables represent an important factor to create internal circulation of customers in stores and a factor of attraction of clients too, in addition, this products offer high profitability. For the supermarket, the fruits and vegetables locally produced are fresher and have lower comparative cost. However, supply regularity, the volume and variety offered by local producers are considered unsatisfactory.O presente estudo objetiva analisar as formas de compra dos supermercados para o abastecimento de hortaliças em Campo Grande. Foram realizadas treze entrevistas com representantes de supermercados de pequeno, médio e grande porte, responsáveis pelas compras destes produtos. Os resultados revelam que praticamente todo o fornecimento de hortaliças nos grandes supermercados é feito por produtores de outros estados, sendo que os estabelecimentos de pequeno e médio porte ainda conseguem abastecer-se satisfatoriamente com os produtores locais. Para os varejistas, o setor de hortaliças representa importante espaço de geração de tráfego interno de clientes nas lojas, sendo um fator de atração. Pode-se verificar, ainda, que as hortaliças produzidas localmente atendem ao requisito "frescor" e também possuem menor custo comparativo, porém, a regularidade no fornecimento, o volume e a variedade oferecida pelos produtores locais são considerados insatisfatórios.

  16. Estimativa dos poluentes emitidos pelos ônibus e microônibus de Campo Grande/MS, empregando como combustível diesel, biodiesel ou gás natural Estimation of the atmospheric pollutants emitted in Campo Grande/MS, by buses and minibuses which employ diesel, biodiesel or natural gas as fuels

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    Glauco Rodrigo Kozerski

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available É apresentada uma estimativa do total de poluentes emitidos mensalmente por ônibus e microônibus em Campo Grande (MS, empregando-se diesel, biodiesel ou gás natural como combustíveis. O método "bottom-up" foi utilizado para os cálculos das emissões gasosas. Os estudos realizados permitem inferir que a substituição do diesel pelo biodiesel resultaria em diminuição das emissões de poluentes, geração de novos postos de empregos a partir de atividades agrícolas e industriais, e a diminuição na importação de petróleo, já que o Brasil importa petróleo, basicamente, para suprir a demanda de diesel.The present work deals with the estimation of the atmospheric pollutants emitted monthly in Campo Grande/MS by buses and minibuses, which employ diesel, biodiesel or natural gas as fuels. For the gaseous emissions calculations was used a "bottom-up" technique. The results obtained show that the substitution of diesel by biodiesel would diminish the emissions of pollutants, create novel job opportunities from agricultural and industrial activities, and reduce the Brazilian petroleum imports, which are basically used for meeting the demands in diesel.

  17. Prevalência do Cryptosporidium parvum em crianças abaixo de 5 anos, residentes na zona urbana de Campo Grande, MS, Brasil, 1996

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    Oshiro Elisa Teruya

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo visou estabelecer a prevalência de Cryptosporidium parvum em crianças abaixo de 5 anos, residentes na zona urbana de Campo Grande, MS, 1996/97, através de exames coprológicos e avaliar epidemiologicamente os casos diagnosticados. Tratou-se de um estudo transversal com inquérito domiciliar, onde foram examinadas 1051 amostras fecais, processadas segundo a técnica de Blagg, utilizando-se a coloração de Ziehl-Neelsen modificada para a pesquisa de oocistos de C. parvum. Concluiu-se que: a prevalência de C. parvum (1,1% observada não foi estatisticamente significativa; foi relatado diarréia em 58,3% das crianças com diagnóstico positivo, supondo-se associação entre diarréia e a presença do parasita; o C. parvum foi mais freqüente em crianças com idade de 25 a 36 meses (50%, porém sem diferença estatisticamente significativa; o sexo não teve papel diferencial em relação ao parasitismo por C. parvum; entre as 12 crianças com criptosporidiose, 83,3% tiveram contato com animais domésticos (cão e ou gato.

  18. Análise da fluoretação da água de abastecimento público da zona urbana do município de Campo Grande (MS Water fluoridation analysis of Campo Grande (MS urban zone public supply

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    Bruno Luiz Lessa Bellé

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivo analisar a concentração de fluoreto na água que flui das torneiras da zona urbana do município de Campo Grande (MS. Para tanto, foram coletadas amostras de água de 21 escolas situadas nos sete subdistritos da cidade, em três oportunidades diferentes para análise do teor de fluoreto, determinada pelo método do eletrodo específico (medidor de fluoreto combinado Orion 9609 BN, acoplado a um potenciômetro digital EA-940 da Orion. Os resultados mostraram que 63,5% das amostras coletadas apresentaram níveis aceitáveis (entre 0,6 a 0,8 ppm de fluoreto e 36,5%, níveis inaceitáveis. Em relação à condição dos locais de coleta, 76,2% foram consideradas adequadas e 23,8%, inadequadas.The objective of this study was to analyze the fluoride concentration on the water that flows of the tap in the urban area of the city of Campo Grande (MS. For the fluoride concentration analysis, it was collected water samples of 21 schools placed in the 7 sub districts of the city, in 3 different opportunities, was made by the specific electrode method (using an Orion 9609 BN combined fluoride measuring electrode, coupled with an Orion EA-940 digital potentiometer. The results showed that 63.5% of the water samples presented acceptable fluoride levels (between 0.60 and 0.80 ppm and 36.5%, unacceptable levels. In relation to the condition of the collect places, 76.2% were considered appropriate and 23.8% were inappropriate.

  19. Avaliação das perdas físicas de um setor da rede de abastecimento de Água de Campo Grande-MS via modelo inverso Leakage evaluation in a water supply network sector of Campo Grande-MS through inverse model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Kepler Soares

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O crescimento do contingente populacional das cidades requer o gerenciamento eficiente dos recursos hídricos, particularmente quando a exploração de novas fontes de abastecimento mostra-se dispendiosa e os recursos naturais cada vez mais escassos. Em contrapartida, em diversas cidades brasileiras, são comuns redes de distribuição de água para abastecimento com elevados índices de perdas, sejam elas não-físicas ou físicas (perdas por vazamento. O presente estudo visa avaliar as perdas por vazamentos de um setor da rede de distribuição de água da cidade de Campo Grande-MS. Para tanto, utiliza-se um procedimento iterativo de avaliação hidráulica que considera as perdas por vazamento e a dependência das demandas com a pressão, utilizando o simulador hidráulico EPANET 2 (Rossman, 2000, com vistas à calibração em termos dos parâmetros do modelo de vazamentos, bem como dos coeficientes de perda de carga localizada relativa a componentes hidráulicos presentes na rede. Para a resolução do problema inverso correspondente são utilizados os Algoritmos Genéticos (AGs.The increasing population of the cities requires an efficient water resources management, particularly when new supply source explorations are costly and natural resources are growing scarce. On the other hand, in several Brazilian cities, water distribution networks usually present a high percentage of water losses due to non-physical or physical losses (leakage.The present study seeks to evaluate the leakage of a water distribution network sector in the city of Campo Grande-MS. An iterative procedure for hydraulic analysis based both on leakage and on pressure-dependent demand has been used in conjunction with the hydraulic simulator EPANET 2 (Rossman, 2000. The calibration is conducted in terms of the parameters of the leakage model, as well as the head loss coefficients due to hydraulic components in the network. Genetic Algorithms (GAs have been used to solve

  1. Controle social e gestão participativa em saúde pública em unidades de saúde do município de Campo Grande, MS, 1994-2002 Social control and participatory management in public health at healthcare units in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil, 1994-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milca Lopes de Oliveira

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A participação social no Brasil evoluiu de movimento operário e de sindicatos, culminando na institucionalização através de Conselhos. Na área da saúde, foi legalizada pela Lei 8142/90. O objetivo deste estudo é conhecer a prática do controle social exercida em Conselhos de Unidades e sua influência nas políticas de saúde do município de Campo Grande, MS. Foram feitos cinco estudos de caso, tendo como fonte principal as atas de reuniões e como referencial de análise um documento do Ilpes/Claps (1975. Os Conselhos organizam-se em plenário, com coordenador, secretário, composição hoje paritária, representatividade reduzida e periodicidade mensal. O processo decisório contempla principalmente elementos técnico-administrativos e técnico-operacionais. No período 1998-2002, o controle social fortaleceu-se por encaminhamentos mais concretos, mas a capacidade de deliberação precisa ser fortalecida por uma capacitação que inclua elementos técnicos, políticos e administrativos, representatividade, fortalecimento da cidadania, divulgação intensa das atividades dos Conselhos, inclusive na mídia, maior mobilização social e articulação entre os vários Conselhos e instâncias municipais que fazem interface com o setor de saúde.Social participation in Brazil has evolved from workers' and union movements into a legitimate process conducted through Social Councils. In the Public Health field this practice was recognized by Law 8142/90. This study aims to analyze the practice of Social Control by Healthcare Unit Councils and its influence on health policies of the municipality of Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Five case studies were conducted, with minutes of meetings as the main source of data and a document of ILPES/CLAPS (1975 as reference for analysis. The councils are organized as boards with one coordinator and one secretary. Additional features include parity in composition, fragile representation, and

  2. IMPORTÂNCIA DAS FONTES DE INFORMAÇÃO SOBRE ALIMENTOS NA OPINIÃO DE CONSUMIDORES DE TRÊS SUPERMERCADOS NA CIDADE DE CAMPO GRANDE-MS

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    Adriane da Silva Ribeiro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o impacto da informação sobre a opinião dos consumidores, identificando as fontes de informação consideradas importantes para obtenção de conhecimento sobre alimentação nas diversas classes sociais. Para tanto, foram realizadas 100 entrevistas com consumidores em três supermercados, em Campo Grande/MS. Os resultados revelam que a maioria dos entrevistados está mais exposta às informações televisionadas. Porém, família e amigos foram identificados como fontes preferidas dos entrevistados, evidenciando que a interação social contribui para a circulação desse tipo de conhecimento. O estudo revela, ainda, que todas as classes confiam nas informações transmitidas pelos pesquisadores da área de alimentos/nutrição, bem como nas informações veiculadas pelas autoridades do governo, embora estas fontes não apresentem tanta importância quando comparadas as televisionadas.

  3. Transplante cardíaco em Campo Grande - MS. Redução significativa de lesão coronária pós transplante: relato de caso

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    Marcos Vinícius R. P. CALDAS

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available No Serviço de Cirurgia Cardíaca da Santa Casa de Campo Grande/MS - foi realizado, em 23 de setembro de 1994, um transplante cardíaco ortotópico no paciente C.A.D., 27 anos, portador de miocardiopatia dilatada idiopática, o qual transcorreu sem anormalidades. O paciente recebeu alta da UTI com 7 dias e alta hospitalar no 40º dia de pós-operatório, recebendo ciclosporina, azatioprina e prednisona para manutenção do enxerto, captopril, furosemida e aspirina. Apresentou no 1º ano de seguimento 2 episódios de rejeição, leve e moderada, sendo modificada a posologia dos imunossupressores. Em setembro de 1995, nos exames de seguimento, foi detectada, na coronariografia, lesão obstrutiva de 50% em artéria coronária direita. Decidiu-se modificar a terapêutica do paciente, iniciando diltiazen substituindo o captopril, e associando-se complexo vitamínico (betacaroteno, C e E mais selênio, na tentativa de evitar progressão da lesão obstrutiva. Foi também realizada orientação dietética por nutricionista. Após 12 meses com a nova terapêutica, a coronariografia mostrou redução significativa da lesão obstrutiva em artéria coronária direita. Durante todo o período de seguimento o paciente apresentou níveis normais no lipidograma. Hoje o paciente encontra-se no terceiro ano de seguimento, assintomático e tendo suas atividades habituais sem intercorrências.The Cardiac Surgery Service of Campo Grande, Santa Casa/MS performed on September 23 rd, 1994 an orthotopic cardiac transplantation in a 27 year-old man with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, which elapsed without abnormalities. The patient left the ICU in 7 days and was discharged at 40 th postoperative day, receiving cyclosporine, azathioprine and prednisone for graft support; captopril, furosemide and aspirin. Presented at one year follow-up, 2 rejection episodes, mil and moderate, when the immunesupressivet herapy dose was modified. On September 1995, at follow up, an

  4. Insomnia and hypnotic use in Campo Grande general population, Brazil

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    Souza José Carlos

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The insomnia prevalence in general population was determined by means of 408 home interviews of adults, in a representative sample of Campo Grande city, Brazil. The random sample was stratified by sex, age and economic social status. Insomnia subtypes evaluated were the disorders of sleep initiation (DSI, sleep maintenance (DSM and early awakening (DEA. A structured questionnaire was used with the consent from the interviewed subjects. Statistics used chi-square, and Fisher tests; and inferences based on binomial distribution parameters; the significance level was 5% and confidence interval (CI was 95%.The general prevalence of insomnia was 19.1% (sd=2.0%, mostly women (p=0.0015, and people of less years of schooling (p=0.0317, subtype DSI (14.2%, p=0.0043, and chronic (p=0.7022. Hypnotic drugs were used by 6.9%(sd=1.3% in the last month. Use in the last 2 years, 70.3% mostly insomniacs (p<0.0001, women (p=0.0372 and people over 30 years of age (p=0.0536.

  5. Competição de cultivares de brócolos tipo cabeça única em Campo Grande Single-head broccoli cultivars evaluation in Campo Grande, Brazil

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    Juliana G de Lalla

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido na horta da UNIDERP, Campo Grande-MS, de junho a setembro de 2005. Objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho de diferentes cultivares de brócolos tipo cabeça única disponíveis no mercado para as condições edafoclimáticas de Campo Grande. Foram avaliadas oito cultivares comerciais: BRO68 (Rogers, Marathon (Sakata, Green Parasol (Takii, Centenário (Takii, Legacy (Asgrow, Magestic Crown (Asgrow, AF649 (Sakata e Brócolis de Cabeça (Topseed. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos casualizados completos, com quatro repetições, sendo cada parcela composta por dez plantas. Foram realizadas seis colheitas, a partir de 89 dias após a semeadura, de acordo com formação da inflorescência e o ponto de colheita, independente do tamanho. Foram avaliadas as características massa fresca (g e diâmetro da inflorescência (cm e produtividade (t ha-1. Para cultivo em Campo Grande, as cultivares Centenário, AF649, BRO68 e Marathon são as mais indicadas para plantio entre junho a setembro, pela maior produtividade.The experiment was carried out in field at the Universidade para o Desenvolvimento do Estado e Região do Pantanal, located in Campo Grande, Brazil, from June to September 2005. The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of commercial single-head broccoli cultivars for Campo Grande. Eight commercial cultivars were evaluated: BRO 68 (Rogers, Marathon (Sakata, Green Parasol (Takii, Centenário (Takii, Legacy (Asgrow, Majestic Crown (Asgrow, AF649 (Sakata and Brócolis de Cabeça (Topseed. The experimental design was a completely randomized block with four replications, with ten plants per plot. Six harvests were performed, from 89 days after the sowing date, according to the broccoli inflorescence formation and the harvest point, independently from the size. Fresh inflorescence mass (g and diameter (cm and yield (t ha-1 were measured and evaluated. Among the evaluated cultivars, the most recommended

  6. Contaminação de praças públicas de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, por ovos de Toxocara e Ancylostoma em fezes de cães Contamination of public squares of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, by eggs of Toxocara and Ancylostoma in dog feces

    OpenAIRE

    Flábio Ribeiro Araújo; Adalberto José Crocci; Ráucia Gleick Carneiro Rodrigues; Janine da Silva Avalhaes; Michely Isis Miyoshi; Fabiana Pessoa Salgado; Márcio Antônio da Silva; Marcelo Lima Pereira

    1999-01-01

    De fevereiro a outubro de 1998, avaliou-se a contaminação de praças públicas de Campo Grande, MS, Brasil, por ovos de Toxocara e Ancylostoma, em amostras de fezes de cães. Das 74 praças examinadas, 42 (56,8%) estavam contaminadas por ovos de Ancylostoma, 8 (10,8%) com ovos de Toxocara e 7 (9,5%) com ambos.From February to October 1998, the contamination of public squares of Campo Grande, MS, Brazil, by eggs of Toxocara and Ancylostoma was evaluated in dog fecal samples. Out of the 74 public p...

  7. Morphogenetic characteristics in Tanzania grass conhsorted with Stylosanthes Campo Grande or fertilized with nitrogen under grazing

    OpenAIRE

    Túlio Otávio Jardim D'Almeida Lins; Ulysses Cecato; Alyson Andrade Pinheiro; Bruno Shigueo Iwamoto; Alexandre Krutzmann; Tatiane Beloni; Robério Rodrigues Silva

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to study morphogenic and structural characteristics of Tanzania grass (Panicum maximum cv. Tanzania) intercropped with Estilosantes Campo Grande (Stylosanthes capitata and Stylosanthes macrocephala) or fertilized with nitrogen. The pasture was managed under continuous stocking and variable stocking rate. Were used a randomized complete blocks with split plots and three replications. The treatments were: Tanzania grass + Stylosanthes; Tanzania grass + 75 Kg N.ha. year-1; Tanza...

  8. Sustentabilidade e Gestão de Empreendimentos Hoteleiros: Analisando Hotéis de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Maria Claudia Mancuelho Malta

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo propõe-se a analisar a gestão de empreendimentos hoteleiros sediados na cidade de Campo Grande, MS, a partir dos princípios da sustentabilidade, nas suas dimensões econômica, social e ambiental. Para tanto, foi proposta uma pesquisa exploratória, de abordagem qualitativa, em forma de estudo de caso, com entrevistas semiestruturadas aos gerentes de seis hotéis do município em análise. Constatou-se que a sustentabilidade nos hotéis investigados encontra-se em estado inicial, sobretudo por conta da falta de informações acerca de seus aspectos constitutivos. Ademais, os maiores níveis de ações sustentáveis são evidenciados em hotéis pertencentes a grandes redes. Logo, sugere-se o acirramento da difusão do conceito; bem como o efetivo incentivo para sua implantação como método de gestão organizacional – contribuindo no estímulo ao estabelecimento de relações harmoniosas entre as diversas atividades econômicas, o ambiente, a cultura e as especificidades socioespaciais dos territórios. Palavras-chave: Turismo. Empreendimentos hoteleiros. Sustentabilidade. Campo Grande, MS. Sustainability Principles and Hotel Enterprises Management: Analyzing Hotels in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil - This paper proposes to analyze hotels management in Campo Grande, MS, considering the principles of sustainability in its economic, social and environmental dimensions. The research proposed presents an exploratory and qualitative approach, in the form of case study, with semi-structured interviews to managers of six hotels in the city in question. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed through content analysis. It was found that sustainability in the hotels is still in an initial state, mainly due to the lack of information about its constituent aspects. Moreover, it was noted that higher levels of sustainable actions are observed in hotels belonging to hotel networks. Thus, it is suggested the

  9. High carbon monoxide concentrations during the rainy season in Campo Grande, in central Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work describes an event of unusually large mixing ratios of carbon monoxide, CO, observed during a typical rainy season time period in central Brazil, when concentrations are expected to be at low levels. CO measurements were performed in Campo Grande (20.02 deg. S; 54.5 deg. W), from July 2001 to October 2002, covering entire periods of the dry and wet seasons. From January to June, average CO was 131 parts per billion by volume (ppbv). During November/December, average CO is about 180 ppbv. On November 13, 521.9 and 565.6 ppbv were observed. It is shown that for this special event, in which there was practically no fire activity at or near the site, air parcels reaching the site were enriched with fire products from regions much further north, near the equatorial region, where the fire activity is delayed in time, compared to central Brazil. - Unusually high levels of CO occurred in Campo Grande, central Brazil in the rainy season

  10. Bovine immunoprotection against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus with recombinant Bm86-Campo Grande antigen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, Rodrigo Casquero; Pérez de León, Adalberto Angel; Leite, Fábio Pereira Leivas; Pinto, Luciano da Silva; Dos Santos Júnior, Alceu Gonçalves; Andreotti, Renato

    2012-01-01

    The southern cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, is no doubt the most economically important ectoparasite of cattle globally. The inappropriate use of chemical acaricides has driven the evolution of resistance in populations of R. (B.) microplus. Anti-tick vaccines represent a technology that can be combined with acaricides in integrated control programs to mitigate the impact of R. (B.) microplus. The recombinant form of Bm86 antigen from the Campo Grande (rBm86-CG) strain of R. (B.) microplus was produced using the Pichiapastoris expression system to test its ability to immunoprotect cattle against tick infestation. Secretion of rBm86-CG by P. pastoris through the bioprocess reported here simplified purification of the antigen. A specific humoral immune response was detected by ELISA in vaccinated cattle. Immunoblot results revealed that polyclonal antibodies from vaccinated cattle recognized a protein in larval extracts with a molecular weight corresponding to Bm86. The rBm86-CG antigen showed 31% efficacy against the Campo Grande strain of R. (B.) microplus infesting vaccinated cattle. The rBm86-CG is an antigen that could be used in a polyvalent vaccine as part of an integrated program for the control of R. (B.) microplus in the region that includes Mato Grosso do Sul. PMID:23070436

  11. Morphogenetic characteristics in Tanzania grass conhsorted with Stylosanthes Campo Grande or fertilized with nitrogen under grazing

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    Túlio Otávio Jardim D'Almeida Lins

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to study morphogenic and structural characteristics of Tanzania grass (Panicum maximum cv. Tanzania intercropped with Estilosantes Campo Grande (Stylosanthes capitata and Stylosanthes macrocephala or fertilized with nitrogen. The pasture was managed under continuous stocking and variable stocking rate. Were used a randomized complete blocks with split plots and three replications. The treatments were: Tanzania grass + Stylosanthes; Tanzania grass + 75 Kg N.ha. year-1; Tanzania grass + 150Kg N.ha.year-1; Tanzania grass + 225 Kg N.ha.year-1. Were used urea and ammonium nitrate as nitrogen source. The morphogenetic evaluations were conducted in the spring and summer. Were evaluated 15 tillers per paddock, twice a week for four weeks per season in study. The morphogenic characteristics were not affected by nitrogen fertilization or consortium, except the leaf elongation rate (LER. The highest values for this variable were observed in the spring in the fertilized pastures. Therefore, it is concluded that nitrogen fertilization influences the leaf elongation rate (LER of Tanzania grass, and this one when is intercropped with Stylosanthes Campo Grande show morphogenic characteristics similar when fertilized with nitrogen, except for rate leaf elongation.

  12. Environmentally associated ticks (Acari: Ixodidae in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Carrapatos (Acari: Ixodidae associados com o ambiente em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Marcos Valério Garcia

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Herein, we report tick species found on wild and domestic animals and in the environment during a one-year sampling period at the Brazilian Farming Research Company beef cattle unit (Embrapa Beef Cattle, which is located within the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. From 55 wild hosts including six different species (Nasua nasua, Cebus spp., Cerdocyon thous, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, Tamandua tetradactyla and Dasyprocta aguti, 323 ticks were collected. Amblyomma ovale ticks were found solely on coatis, and Amblyomma nodosum was identified solely on anteaters. No ticks were found on capuchin monkeys. However, Amblyomma cajennense was found on all parasitized host species with the exception of capuchin monkeys. Giant anteaters displayed the highest infestation abundance, with a mean of 53 ticks∕animal. Environmental sampling yielded 166 adult A. cajennense ticks. The tick species found on domestic animals (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus, R. sanguineus, Dermacentor nitens and A. cajennense were those typically found on these hosts in Brazil. The most prevalent tick species, A. cajennense, was found on both wild and domestic animals and was also prevalent in the environment. Thus, this tick species is the primary vector that allows pathogens to bridge wild and domestic animals in the Cerrado.Neste trabalho são descritas as espécies de carrapatos de animais selvagens e domésticos e do ambiente coletados por um ano na EMBRAPA Gado de Corte localizado na área urbana de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Dos 55 hospedeiros selvagens de seis espécies diferentes (Nasua nasua, Cebus spp., Cerdocyon thous, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, Tamandua tetradactyla e Dasyprocta aguti foram coletados 323 carrapatos. Amblyomma ovale foi encontrado apenas em quatis e Amblyomma nodosum apenas sobre tamanduás. Nenhum carrapato foi encontrado sobre macacos-prego. Por outro lado, Amblyomma cajennense foi encontrado em todos os hospedeiros

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION: BENEFITS TO RESIDENT POPULATION IN THE GARDEN MARABÁ, CAMPO GRANDE, BRAZIL

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    Regina Duarte

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to compare the records of cases of diarrhea recorded in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases after the implementation of sewage system in Maraba Garden, Campo Grande, Brazil. The Garden Maraba had a degraded area, characterized by exhaustion open. We searched the records of SINAN in the period before and after the environmental changes that community. The results showed that there is an asymmetry in the indicators recorded, where it was hoped that the disease had greater control due to the deployment of exhaustion, especially in cases of diarrhea that persist at levels considerably. The conclusion points to the need to expand the study to address this knowledge gap, so important and what influence and compromises the quality of life of the population, especially in matters related to environmental education.

  14. Bovine immunoprotection against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus with recombinant Bm86-Campo Grande antigen Imunoproteção de bovinos contra Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus com antígeno recombinante Bm86-Campo Grande

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Casquero Cunha; Adalberto Angel Pérez de León; Fábio Pereira Leivas Leite; Luciano da Silva Pinto; Alceu Gonçalves dos Santos Júnior; Renato Andreotti

    2012-01-01

    The southern cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, is no doubt the most economically important ectoparasite of cattle globally. The inappropriate use of chemical acaricides has driven the evolution of resistance in populations of R. (B.) microplus. Anti-tick vaccines represent a technology that can be combined with acaricides in integrated control programs to mitigate the impact of R. (B.) microplus. The recombinant form of Bm86 antigen from the Campo Grande (rBm86-CG) strai...

  15. Contaminação de praças públicas de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, por ovos de Toxocara e Ancylostoma em fezes de cães

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo Flábio Ribeiro de; Crocci Adalberto José; Rodrigues Ráucia Gleick Carneiro; Avalhaes Janine da Silva; Miyoshi Michely Isis; Salgado Fabiana Pessoa; Silva Márcio Antônio da; Pereira Marcelo Lima

    1999-01-01

    De fevereiro a outubro de 1998, avaliou-se a contaminação de praças públicas de Campo Grande, MS, Brasil, por ovos de Toxocara e Ancylostoma, em amostras de fezes de cães. Das 74 praças examinadas, 42 (56,8%) estavam contaminadas por ovos de Ancylostoma, 8 (10,8%) com ovos de Toxocara e 7 (9,5%) com ambos.

  16. Cativeiro de aves como fonte de Cryptococcus neoformans na cidade de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

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    Filiú Wander Fernando de Oliveira

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Cryptococcus neoformans é a levedura capsulada causadora de criptococose em humanos e animais. A variedade neoformans, encontrada em diversas fontes ambientais, inclusive habitats de aves, é importante causa de mortalidade em indivíduos com AIDS em todo o Mundo. Contudo, ainda não há estudos sobre a sua ecologia na região Centro Oeste brasileira, onde há registro da ocorrência de casos humanos da micose. Para estudar fontes saprofíticas de C. neoformans, na cidade de Campo Grande, foram coletadas 20 amostras de excretas de aves em distintos ambientes. Suspensão das amostras em salina estéril foram semeadas em placas com meio ágar níger. Após 5 dias, colônias mucóides marrom-escuro foram subcultivadas para identificação através de provas morfofisiológicas, determinação da variedade e sorotipagem. C. neoformans var. neoformans sorotipo A foi isolado de 10 (50% das amostras, comprovando a ocorrência saprofítica de C. neoformans na cidade de Campo Grande, relacionada a habitat de aves em cativeiro.

  17. Comparison of predicted binders in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus intestine protein variants Bm86 Campo Grande strain, Bm86 and Bm95.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreotti, Renato; Pedroso, Marisela S; Caetano, Alexandre R; Martins, Natália F

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports the sequence analysis of Bm86 Campo Grande strain comparing it with Bm86 and Bm95 antigens from the preparations TickGardPLUS and Gavac, respectively. The PCR product was cloned into pMOSBlue and sequenced. The secondary structure prediction tool PSIPRED was used to calculate alpha helices and beta strand contents of the predicted polypeptide. The hydrophobicity profile was calculated using the algorithms from the Hopp and Woods method, in addition to identification of potential MHC class-I binding regions in the antigens. Pair-wise alignment revealed that the similarity between Bm86 Campo Grande strain and Bm86 is 0.2% higher than that between Bm86 Campo Grande strain and Bm95 antigens. The identities were 96.5% and 96.3% respectively. Major suggestive differences in hydrophobicity were predicted among the sequences in two specific regions. PMID:18823577

  18. Dieta de morcegos filostomídeos (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae em fragmento urbano do Instituto São Vicente, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul

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    Mariana Pires Veiga Martins

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Os morcegos (Chiroptera, devido à sua diversidade e abundância exercem um importante papel ecológico para o ecossistema. O objetivo deste trabalho foi reportar a dieta das espécies de morcegos frugívoros capturados nos fragmentos do Instituto São Vicente, zona urbana do município de Campo Grande, MS. As coletas ocorreram entre setembro de 2011 e Junho de 2012, sendo realizadas com o auxílio de redes-de-neblina. Foram realizadas 154 capturas, com ocorrência de 10 espécies representantes de três famílias, sendo predominantes as espécies frugívoras. Dentre as capturas foram obtidas 41 amostras fecais, onde se verificou a presença de polpa, vestígios de artrópodes e sementes. O recurso mais utilizado por quirópteros foram plantas pioneiras, constatado através do predomínio de sementes da espécie Cecropia pachystachya, consumida em maior intensidade por Artibeus lituratus. Os resultados ressaltam a importância destes animais no ambiente, em especial no processo de regeneração dessas áreas através da dispersão de sementes.

  19. Bovine immunoprotection against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus with recombinant Bm86-Campo Grande antigen Imunoproteção de bovinos contra Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus com antígeno recombinante Bm86-Campo Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Casquero Cunha

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The southern cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus, is no doubt the most economically important ectoparasite of cattle globally. The inappropriate use of chemical acaricides has driven the evolution of resistance in populations of R. (B. microplus. Anti-tick vaccines represent a technology that can be combined with acaricides in integrated control programs to mitigate the impact of R. (B. microplus. The recombinant form of Bm86 antigen from the Campo Grande (rBm86-CG strain of R. (B. microplus was produced using the Pichiapastoris expression system to test its ability to immunoprotect cattle against tick infestation. Secretion of rBm86-CG by P. pastoris through the bioprocess reported here simplified purification of the antigen. A specific humoral immune response was detected by ELISA in vaccinated cattle. Immunoblot results revealed that polyclonal antibodies from vaccinated cattle recognized a protein in larval extracts with a molecular weight corresponding to Bm86. The rBm86-CG antigen showed 31% efficacy against the Campo Grande strain of R. (B. microplus infesting vaccinated cattle. The rBm86-CG is an antigen that could be used in a polyvalent vaccine as part of an integrated program for the control of R. (B. microplus in the region that includes Mato Grosso do Sul.O carrapato Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus é, sem dúvidas, o ectoparasito economicamente mais importante para o gado a nível mundial. A utilização inadequada de acaricidas tem impulsionado a evolução da resistência em populações de R. (B. microplus. Vacinas contra o carrapato representam uma tecnologia que pode ser combinada com acaricidas em programas de controle integrado para diminuir o impacto de R. (B. microplus. A forma recombinante da Bm86 da cepa Campo Grande (rBm86-CG de R. (B. microplus foi produzido utilizando o sistema de expressão em Pichia pastoris para testar sua capacidade de imunoproteção ao gado contra a infestação de

  20. Evapotranspiration estimation in pastures at the municipality of Campo Grande, Brazil, using SEBAL and remote sensing data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, R. G.; Leivas, J. F.; Hott, M. C.; Alvarez, I. A.; Vicente, L. E.; Nogueira, S. F.; Takemura, C. M.

    2011-12-01

    The knowledge of the total water loss by evapotranspiration is essential for plant growth and development assessments. Studies show that the success of the Brazilian livestock is directly linked to the fact that bovine cattle is reared in pastures, which enables low cost beef production. However, many factors influence the productive capacity of pastures and, consequently, beef production. Among these, there are variations in precipitation, causing periods of water deficit even during rainy seasons, which makes evapotranspiration a major factor in the diagnosis of climatic and environmental conditions of pasture areas. Remote sensing information has been used by several models and algorithms for obtaining parameters of the Earth's surface. The Surface Energy Balance Algorithms for Land (SEBAL) is an algorithm for evapotranspiration estimation for large areas. It is processed by means of computational steps, which predict a full assessment of the solar radiation and energy on the Earth's surface. For that it uses data of sensors that collect wavelengths in the visible, reflective infrared and thermal bands. This study aimed at estimating actual daily evapotranspiration (ETdaily) in pasture areas at Embrapa Beef Cattle's Experimental Farm, located in the municipality of Campo Grande, Brazil, by means of the SEBAL algorithm and Landsat 5-TM images. For the scenes of May 9, June 28, July 7 and October 2, 2009, the ETdaily varied from 0.50 to 3.50 mm d-1 with an average of 1.85 mm d-1 for pasture areas. The application of the SEBAL algorithm proved itself adequate in extensive areas, and it is possible to use it for monitoring pasture conditions, thus contributing to making decisions that favor beef cattle production with environmental sustainability.

  1. Comparison of predicted binders in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus intestine protein variants BM86 Campo Grande strain, BM86 and BM95 Comparação da previsão de ligação das variantes de proteína de intestino de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus Bm86 cepa Campo Grande, Bm86 e Bm95

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Andreotti

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the sequence analysis of Bm86 Campo Grande strain comparing it with Bm86 and Bm95 antigens from the preparations TickGardPLUS and GavacTM, respectively. The PCR product was cloned into pMOSBlue and sequenced. The secondary structure prediction tool PSIPRED was used to calculate alpha helices and beta strand contents of the predicted polypeptide. The hydrophobicity profile was calculated using the algorithms from the Hopp and Woods method, in addition to identification of potential MHC class-I binding regions in the antigens. Pair-wise alignment revealed that the similarity between Bm86 Campo Grande strain and Bm86 is 0.2% higher than that between Bm86 Campo Grande strain and Bm95 antigens. The identities were 96.5% and 96.3% respectively. Major suggestive differences in hydrophobicity were predicted among the sequences in two specific regions.O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a seqüência de Bm86 cepa Campo Grande comparando-a com os antígenos Bm86 e Bm95 das preparações TickGardPLUS e GavacTM, respectivamente. O produto de PCR foi clonado em PMOSBlue e seqüenciado. Para calcular os conteúdos de alfa-hélice e fita beta do polipeptídio previsto, foi utilizada a ferramenta de prognóstico de estrutura secundária PSIPRED. O perfil de hidrofobicidade foi calculado usando os algoritmos de Hopp e Woods, além da identificação das possíveis regiões de ligação com MHC classe I nos antígenos. O alinhamento "pair-wise" revelou que a similaridade entre Bm86 cepa Campo Grande e Bm86 é 0,2% maior que aquela entre Bm86 cepa Campo Grande e Bm95. As identidades foram de 96,5% e 96,3%, respectivamente. Com relação à hidrofobicidade, os resultados sugerem que a maior diferença entre as seqüências está localizada em duas regiões específicas.

  2. Proposta de manutenção e preservação do Lago de Campo Grande em relação com a qualidade da água

    OpenAIRE

    Alfonso, Luis Felipe Cala, 1981

    2011-01-01

    O lago de Campo grande, localizado na freguesia de Campo Grande, no município de Lisboa, é um lago artificial, pouco profundo (profundidade máxima 1.20 m) encontra-se sempre cheio de água, as actividades metabólicas do lago são constantes devido à presença de grande quantidade de zooplâncton (cladocera, rotifera, copépoda, entre outros) que filtram a água consumindo o fitoplâncton constituído principalmente pela comunidade das algas bacillariophyceae (diatomáceas), Dynophyceae, e chlorophycea...

  3. Estudo de flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) na zona urbana da cidade de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, 1999-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira Alessandra Gutierrez de; Andrade Filho José Dilermando; Falcão Alda Lima; Brazil Reginaldo Peçanha

    2003-01-01

    De fevereiro de 1999 a fevereiro de 2000, realizaram-se capturas semanais com armadilhas luminosas do tipo CDC em cinco regiões da zona urbana da Cidade de Campo Grande, Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. As armadilhas foram colocadas em 11 ecótopos (copa, solo e margem nas matas) e nos peridomicílios (galinheiro e bananeiras). Foram capturados 1.245 flebotomíneos de 28 espécies, sendo 4 do gênero Brumptomyia França & Parrot, 1921 e 24 do gênero Lutzomyia França, 1924. São elas: B. avellar...

  4. Production and nutritive value of forage, and performance of Nellore cattle in Tanzania grass pasture fertilized with nitrogen or intercropped with Sthylosantes Campo Grande

    OpenAIRE

    Alyson Andrade Pinheiro; Ulysses Cecato; Túlio Otávio Jardim D’almeida Lins; Tatiane Beloni; Vanessa Cristina Piotto; Ossival Lolato Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    The objective was to evaluate of Nelore performance on pasture of Tanzania (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzania-1) fertilized with nitrogen or mixed with Stylosanthes Campo Grande (Stylosanthes spp). It was used a randomized complete blocks with split plots design and three replicates of four treatments: Stylosanthes + Tanzania; Tanzania + 75 kg de N ha-1 ano-1; Tanzania + 150 kg de N ha-1 ano-1; Tanzania + 225 kg de N ha-1 ano-1. Plots were assessed by stations. The highest average daily gain...

  5. La construcción social de la realidad de niños y adolescentes en la prensa de Campo Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul-Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Edson

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo general analizar cómo los periódicos de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul-Brasil construyen y dan visibilidad a la realidad de los niños y adolescentes. Tenemos como objeto de estudio el discurso sobre los derechos de los niños y adolescentes, cuya elección de fuentes para la formulación de la muestra fue extraída de 1.012 casos de los periódicos Correio do Estado y O Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Examinamos los contenidos de los periódicos para saber ...

  6. Evolução urbana, uso e ocupação do solo em Campo Grande, Rio de Janeiro

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Fonseca, Priscilla

    2012-01-01

    O trabalho tem por finalidade apresentar a evolução urbana de Campo Grande, um dos maiores bairros da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, através da análise histórica e das formas atuais do uso do solo, a fim de verificar transformações urbanas. Rememorando o período agrícola, sua mais promissora produção, a laranja, rendeu-lhe o título de Citrolândia. A estação ferroviária, inaugurada no fim do século XIX, foi responsável pelo surgimento do núcleo de comércio e serviços, e entre os anos 1950 ...

  7. Abundance of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae and urban transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Gutierrez de Oliveira

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The outspread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis (VL in Campo Grande, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, lead us to undertake the present study over diversity and abundance of sand flies in the urban area to compare with previous search carried out during 1999/2000, before the identification of the disease in the human population.The captures were carried out with automatic light traps, weekly, from February 2004 to February 2005 on three sites including a forested area (Zé Pereira, two peridomicilies (shelters of domestic animals and cultivation areas, and intradomicilie. In the present study 110 collections were obtained during 13 months for 1320 h of collections, resulting in 5004 specimens, 3649 males and 1355 females belonging to the 20 following species: Brumptomyia avellari, Brumptomyia sp., Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, Evandromyia lenti, E. termitophila, E. cortelezzii, E. borrouli, Lutzomyia sp., L. longipalpis, Micropygomyia quinquefer, N. antunesi, N. whitmani, Pintomyia christenseni, Pi. damascenoi, Psathyromyia aragaoi, Ps. campograndensis, Ps. hermanlenti, Ps. shannoni, Pychodopygus claustrei, and Sciopemyia sordellii. L. longipalpis was the most abundant species in the anthropic environment with 92.22% of the captures. This shows an increase of sixty times in the density of L. longipalpis compared to the last sand fly evaluation in 1999/2000. The high density of L. longipalpis in Campo Grande is the main factor of risk in transmission of the disease to human in the urban area. The capture of N. antunesi, typical specie from Amazonian region, in Mato Grosso do Sul is reported for the first time.

  8. Comparison of predicted binders in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus intestine protein variants BM86 Campo Grande strain, BM86 and BM95 Comparação da previsão de ligação das variantes de proteína de intestino de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Bm86 cepa Campo Grande, Bm86 e Bm95

    OpenAIRE

    Renato Andreotti; Marisela S. Pedroso; Caetano, Alexandre R; Natália F. Martins

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports the sequence analysis of Bm86 Campo Grande strain comparing it with Bm86 and Bm95 antigens from the preparations TickGardPLUS and GavacTM, respectively. The PCR product was cloned into pMOSBlue and sequenced. The secondary structure prediction tool PSIPRED was used to calculate alpha helices and beta strand contents of the predicted polypeptide. The hydrophobicity profile was calculated using the algorithms from the Hopp and Woods method, in addition to identification of po...

  9. Behavior of the vegetable crops section in three types of food retail stores in Campo Grande, Brazil Desempenho da seção de hortaliças em equipamentos varejistas de alimentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario de O Lima-Filho

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The behavior of the fresh fruits and vegetable produce section was evaluated, under the point of view of the consumer, in three types of food retail stores in Campo Grande, Brazilian southeast: a grocery store ("quitanda", a supermarket, and an open-air market. A quantitative-descriptive survey was conducted with 120 individuals, responsible for purchasing fresh fruit and vegetable produce for their homes. To accomplish that, twelve variables were investigated and adapted from the parameters used in the SERVQUAL model, in which the attributes of the retail outlet are pointed out, such as store hygiene and cleanliness and manner by which produce is displayed; employee training traits, such as courtesy and helpfulness; and quality, price range, and variety of the produce for sale. The results reveal that shopping for grocery is done weekly; 80% of the shoppers interviewed do their shopping in supermarkets and 94% do theirs in open-air markets. The open-air market had the best results in the attributes for which they were evaluated when compared with the grocery store and the supermarket. The study also points out that the older the shopper the more often he/she does grocery shopping.Neste estudo foi avaliado, sob o ponto de vista do consumidor, o desempenho da seção de hortaliças em três equipamentos varejistas de alimentos em Campo Grande(MS: uma mercearia (quitanda, um supermercado e uma feira-livre. Foi realizada uma pesquisa quantitativo-descritiva com 120 indivíduos, responsáveis pelas compras de hortaliças para suas residências. Para tanto, foram investigadas doze variáveis adaptadas das dimensões do modelo SERVQUAL, onde se destacam os atributos do equipamento varejista como higiene e limpeza da loja e exposição dos produtos; capacitação dos funcionários como atendimento e cortesia; e atributos do produto como qualidade, variedade e preço. Os resultados mostram que as compras de hortaliças são realizadas semanalmente

  10. Coastal marsh response to rising sea levels in the Grand Bay, MS estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizad, K.; Hagen, S. C.; Morris, J. T.; Medeiros, S. C.; Bilskie, M. V.; Passeri, D. L.

    2015-12-01

    The Grand Bay estuary, situated along the border of Alabama and Mississippi, is a marine dominant estuary. Juncus roemerianus and Spartina alterniflora cover approximately 49% of the estuary (Eleuterius and Criss, 1991); However, this marsh system is prone to erosion more than other marsh systems in the state (Mississippi Department of Marine Resources 1999). Water level and wind-driven waves are critical factors that cause erosion in the Grand Bay estuary. Sediment transport induced by wave forces from the Gulf of Mexico and sea level rise force salt marshes to migrate landward (Schmid 2000). Understanding projected variations in vegetation can aid in productive restoration planning and coastal management decisions. An integrated hydro-marsh model was developed to incorporate the dynamic interaction between tidal hydrodynamics and salt marsh system. This model projects salt marsh productivity by coupling a two-dimensional, depth-integrated ADvanced CIRCulation (ADCIRC) finite element model and a parametric marsh model (Morris et al., 2002). The model calculates marsh productivity as a function of mean low water (MLW), mean high water (MHW), and the elevation of the marsh platform. The coupling exchange process is divided into several time intervals that capture the rate of sea level rise, and update the elevation and bottom friction from the computed marsh productivity. Accurate description of salt marsh platform is necessary for calculating accurate biomass results (Hagen et al. 2013). Lidar-derived digital elevation models (DEM) over-estimate marsh platform elevations, but can be corrected with Real Time Kinematic (RTK) survey data (Medeiros et al., 2015). Using RTK data, the salt marsh platform was updated and included in a high resolution hydrodynamic model. Four projections of sea level rise (Parris et al., 2012) were used to project salt marsh productivity for the year 2100 for the Grand Bay, MS estuary. The results showed a higher productivity under low sea

  11. PRESENCE OF HELMINTH EGGS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE FROM CAMPO GRANDE (MS, BRAZIL) MUNICIPALITY AFTER ANAEROBIC TREATMENT LEVANTAMENTO DE OVOS DE HELMINTOS EM LODO DE ESGOTO ORIUNDO DE CAMPO GRANDE (MS) APÓS TRATAMENTO ANAERÓBICO

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Rosa Carrijo; Germano Francisco Biondi

    2008-01-01

    The present study was conducted to evaluate the helminth eggs presence in sewage sludge, previously treated in anerobic digestion process like anaerobic liquid fluid reactor. First of all were evaluated different kinds of materials to choose the best filter which permitted to filter the Taenia saginata eggs. The filter that showed better adaptation was the fine toilet paper one sheet...

  12. Incidência das ametropias no Hospital Universitário em Campo Grande (MS entre 1996 e 1998 Incidence of ametropias in the University Hospital of Campo Grande (MS between 1996 and 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Velasco de Barros

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico dos casos de ametropias atendidos no Núcleo do Hospital Universitário (NHU da UFMS, já que as pesquisas em oftalmologia nessa área são extremamente pobres em nossa região. Métodos: Realizou-se levantamento epidemiológico retrospectivo na Seção de Arquivos Médicos (SAME, através da aplicação de protocolo de investigação de 2.361 prontuários de pacientes com algum tipo de ametropia atendidos no NHU entre 1996 e 1998, contendo sexo, idade e tipo de ametropia (miopia, hipermetropia, astigmatismo ou presbiopia. Os dados foram analisados e discutidos. Resultados: Prevalência do sexo feminino (60% em todas as ametropias, o maior contingente atendido foi de pacientes com presbiopia (987 casos, seguida pela hipermetropia (701, miopia (434 e astigmatismo (239. A miopia esteve mais presente na faixa etária entre 20 e 29 anos, a hipermetropia entre 0 a 9 anos e os astigmatas entre 10 e 39 anos, enquanto a maior incidência de presbiopia foi na faixa etária acima de 40 anos. Conclusão: O número de pacientes do sexo feminino é maior em relação ao sexo masculino, mesmo considerando cada ametropia isoladamente. Propõe-se no trabalho algumas hipóteses. A miopia concentra-se mais entre as idades de 10 a 39 anos. Já a hipermetropia ocorre mais em crianças e recém-nascidos, tendendo a diminuir com o passar da idade, devido ao aumento do globo ocular. O astigmatismo foi um defeito caracterizado como sendo de adolescentes e adultos jovens. A presbiopia foi o erro de refração mais comum e sua incidência, semelhante aos dados da literatura, ocorreu na faixa etária acima de 40 anos.Purpose: To assess the epidemiological profile of the ametropia cases attended at the University Hospital Nucleus (NHU of the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS since ophthalmologic research in this are is extremely poor in our region. Methods: A retrospective epidemiological surgery at the Section of Medical Files (SAME was carried out, applying a research protocol to 2,361 charts of patients presenting some type of ametropia who were attended at the NHU between 1996 and 1998, with information on sex, age and type of ametropia (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism or presbyopia. The data were analyzed and discussed. Results: There was prevalence of females (60% in all cases of ametropia, the greatest number of attended people being patients with presbyopia (987 cases, followed by hyperopia (701, myopia (434 and astigmatism (239. Myopia was present mostly in the age range of 20 to 29 years, hyperopia between 0 and 9 years and astigmatism between 10 and 39 years, while the highest incidence of presbyopia was in the age range over 40 years. Conclusion: The number of female patients is higher than that of males, even considering each ametropia separately. Some hypotheses are proposed. Myopia is more frequent at ages between 10 and 39 years. Hyperopia occurs more frequently in children and newborns, tending to decrease with age because of eyeball increase. Astigmatism was characterized as a defect occurring in adolescents and young adults. Presbyopia was the commonest refraction error and its incidence occurred in the age range over 40 years, similarly to data found in the literature.

  13. Incidência das ametropias no Hospital Universitário em Campo Grande (MS) entre 1996 e 1998 Incidence of ametropias in the University Hospital of Campo Grande (MS) between 1996 and 1998

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Velasco de Barros; Vanderson Glerian Dias

    2000-01-01

    Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico dos casos de ametropias atendidos no Núcleo do Hospital Universitário (NHU) da UFMS, já que as pesquisas em oftalmologia nessa área são extremamente pobres em nossa região. Métodos: Realizou-se levantamento epidemiológico retrospectivo na Seção de Arquivos Médicos (SAME), através da aplicação de protocolo de investigação de 2.361 prontuários de pacientes com algum tipo de ametropia atendidos no NHU entre 1996 e 1998, contendo sexo, idade e tipo de ame...

  14. PRESENCE OF HELMINTH EGGS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE FROM CAMPO GRANDE (MS, BRAZIL MUNICIPALITY AFTER ANAEROBIC TREATMENT LEVANTAMENTO DE OVOS DE HELMINTOS EM LODO DE ESGOTO ORIUNDO DE CAMPO GRANDE (MS APÓS TRATAMENTO ANAERÓBICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Rosa Carrijo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to evaluate the helminth eggs presence in sewage sludge, previously treated in anerobic digestion process like anaerobic liquid fluid reactor. First of all were evaluated different kinds of materials to choose the best filter which permitted to filter the Taenia saginata eggs. The filter that showed better adaptation was the fine toilet paper one sheet. The helminth eggs were classified for their genera, according to their morphology. The Taenia sp, Trichuris, Dipylidium and Strongyloides were find only in one collect. The number of nematode eggs prevailed on the cestodes. The quantity of helminths eggs found was variable, indicatting complementary treatments process to the sewage sludge. It was concluded that the filter tested was efficient to Taenia sp eggs and to other helminth eggs present in sewage sludge. KEY WORDS: Biossolid, filter, Taenia sp. O presente trabalho avaliou a presença de ovos de helmintos em lodo de esgoto, previamente tratado em sistema de digestão anaeróbia do tipo reator anaeróbio de lodo fluidizado (RALF. Primeiramente testaram-se diferentes tipos de materiais para a escolha do filtro que possibilitasse a passagem de ovos de Taenia saginata. O filtro mais adequado foi o papel higiênico fino, folha única. Classificaram-se os ovos de helmintos por gênero, de acordo com sua morfologia. Encontraram-se ovos de Taenia sp, Trichuris, Dipylidium e Strongyloides em apenas uma das colheitas. O número de ovos de nematóides prevaleceu sobre os de cestóides. Houve variação na quantidade encontrada de ovos de helmintos, indicando a necessidade de o lodo de esgoto receber tratamentos complementares. Concluiu-se que o filtro avaliado foi eficaz tanto para ovos de Taenia sp quanto para outros ovos de helmintos existentes em lodo de esgoto. PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Biossólido, filtro, Taenia sp

  15. Production and nutritive value of forage, and performance of Nellore cattle in Tanzania grass pasture fertilized with nitrogen or intercropped with Sthylosantes Campo Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alyson Andrade Pinheiro

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to evaluate of Nelore performance on pasture of Tanzania (Panicum maximum Jacq. cv. Tanzania-1 fertilized with nitrogen or mixed with Stylosanthes Campo Grande (Stylosanthes spp. It was used a randomized complete blocks with split plots design and three replicates of four treatments: Stylosanthes + Tanzania; Tanzania + 75 kg de N ha-1 ano-1; Tanzania + 150 kg de N ha-1 ano-1; Tanzania + 225 kg de N ha-1 ano-1. Plots were assessed by stations. The highest average daily gain (ADG during the fall was observed in treatment in the consortium and 75 kg de N ha-1 ano-1. The ADG in the treatments of 150 and 225 kg de N ha-1 ano-1 were superior to others in spring and summer. Stocking rate (SR was similar between the stations studied. The value of SR was higher when it was used the highest dose of nitrogen fertilizer. The weight gain per area was higher in the spring and summer compared to autumn. The inclusion of legumes in livestock system reduces the dependence of the overuse of nitrogen fertilizers.

  16. Metodología LC-MS.Aspectos generales de la técnica y sus aplicaciones en el campo de la toxicología

    OpenAIRE

    O. Quintela; A. Cruz; M. Concheiro; Castro., A; M. López-Rivadulla

    2005-01-01

    En los últimos años el aumento de publicaciones de aplicaciones de la cromatografía de líquidos acoplada a la espectrometría de masas (LC-MS) en numerosos campos analíticos, incluyendo la toxicología y las ciencias forenses, ha sido verdaderamente espectacular. Este hecho, que no deja de aumentar, se debe probablemente tanto a los avances tecnológicos de la técnica como al descenso real de los precios en torno a esta novedosa tecnología. Es por ello que numerosos laborato...

  17. Inteligência organizacional nos processos de tomada de decisão nas indústrias de grande porte da Região dos Campos Gerais, no Estado do Paraná

    OpenAIRE

    Dal Santo, Giselli Cristina Opuskevich

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho visa identificar a utilização da Inteligência Organizacional na tomada de decisões nas indústrias de grande porte dos Campos Gerais. Explora a literatura sobre o tema, tratando sobre a Inteligência Organizacional e seus componentes. Desenvolve pesquisa em duas etapas, a primeira bibliográfica, buscou o aprofundamento do tema, visto o ineditismo da proposta. A segunda etapa pesquisa 17 indústrias caracterizadas como de grande porte segundo o número de empregados. A fase d...

  18. Pathology of dogs in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil naturally co-infected with Leishmania infantum and Ehrlichia canis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele Braziliano Andrade

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Different parasites that commonly occur concomitantly can influence one another, sometimes with unpredictable effects. We evaluated pathological aspects of dogs naturally co-infected with Leishmania infantum and Ehrlichia canis. The health status of the dogs was investigated based on histopathological, hematological and biochemical analyses of 21 animals infected solely with L. infantum and 22 dogs co- infected with L. infantum and E. canis. The skin of both groups showed chronic, predominantly lymphohistioplasmacytic inflammatory reaction. The plasmacytosis in the lymphoid tissues was likely related with the hypergammaglobulinemia detected in all the dogs. The disorganization of extracellular matrix found in the reticular dermis of the inguinal region and ear, characterized by the substitution of thick collagen fibers for thin fibers, was attributed to the degree of inflammatory reaction, irrespective of the presence of parasites. In addition, the histopathological analysis revealed that twice as many dogs in the co-infected group presented Leishmania amastigotes in the ear skin than those infected solely with Leishmania, increasing the possibility of becoming infected through sand fly vectors. Our findings highlight the fact that the health of dogs infected concomitantly with L. infantum and E. canis is severely compromised due to their high levels of total plasma protein, globulins, alkaline phosphatase and creatine kinase, and severe anemia.

  19. Methods for analysis of PAH and BTEX in groundwater from gas stations: a case study in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two methods using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry were developed for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and BTEX. Best results were obtained using DVB/CAR/PDMS fiber, with 10 min extraction at 25 °C and 0.15 min desorption at 260 °C (BTEX), and PDMS/DVB fiber, with 60 min extraction at 90 °C, 10% NaCl and 5 min desorption at 270 °C (PAH). LOD intervals were 3x10-2 – 5x10-2 μg L-1 (BTEX) and 1.6x10-3 - 1.4 μg L-1 (PAH). The methods were applied to forty-five groundwater samples from monitoring wells of gas stations and only benzene level exceeded the limit established by Brazilian regulations. (author)

  20. Nuevo método para la selección rapida de plantas de banano (Musa spp. AAA cv. Grande naine) transformadas con gen bar procedentes de campo, empleando glufosinato de amonio

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Gómez-Kosky; Maritza Reyes Vega; Idalmis Bermúdez Caraballoso; Borys Chong Pérez; Yelenys Alvarado Capo

    2010-01-01

    Título en inglés: New method for rapid selection of banana (Musa spp. AAA cv. Grande naine) plants with bar gene in the field using ammonium gluphosinate Resumen Los genes marcadores de la selección son ampliamente utilizados para la transformación eficiente de diferentes cultivos, sin embargo, existen muy pocas referencias sobre el desarrollo de métodos de selección temprana en campo de plantas supuestamente transformadas con marcador de selección tipo herbicidas. La presente invest...

  1. Planejamento estratégico em saúde com base em determinantes: o caso do município de Campo Bom (RS. Uma proposta metodológica para a gestão descentralizada Strategic health planning based on determinants: case of the municipality of Campo Bom, Rio Grande do Sul State. A methodological proposal for the decentralized management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Maximino León González

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de analisar o modelo de planejamento estratégico em saúde com base em determinantes, utilizado na experiência do município de Campo Bom, realizou-se estudo observacional, qualitativo, de análise documental e avaliação de novas tecnologias de processo na gestão local de saúde. O estudo contém uma análise de coerência metodológica e de aplicabilidade do modelo, a partir da revisão dos planos municipal e locais. Nele, apresenta-se o caso de Campo Bom, no qual foi possível integrar e aplicar, em nível local, um modelo estratégico de planejamento em saúde orientado às novas conceituações da saúde, considerando elementos dos diferentes desenvolvimentos teóricos, sendo viável responder às necessidades e situações locais prevalentes. Identificam-se etapas evolutivas do planejamento em saúde e analisam-se elementos integradores do modelo e limitações na sua aplicação, salientando-se a necessidade de apoiar o aprofundamento do estudo e o desenvolvimento do campo.With the purpose to analyze the health strategic planning model based on determinants experienced in the municipality of Campo Bom, Rio Grande do Sul State, it was conducted an observational, qualitative study, of documental analysis as well as an evaluation of new process technologies in local health administration. This study contains an analysis of the methodological coherency and applicability of this model, based on the revision of the elaborated plans. The plans presented at Campo Bom case shows the possibility of integration and applicability at local level, of a health strategic planning model oriented to the new health concepts considering elements of different theoretical developments that enables the response to the most common local needs and situations. It was identified evolutional stages of health planning and analyzed integrative elements of the model and limitations of its application, pointing to the need of support the deepening on

  2. Abondance et distribution des grands singes et des activités humaines dans le Parc National de Campo Ma'an, Sud Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tchamba, MN.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abundance and Distribution of Great Apes and Human Activities in the Campo Ma'an National Park, South Cameroon. The Campo Ma'an National Park (CMNP located in South Cameroon, has a rich biodiversity and is part of the priority areas of the Central Africa Network of Protected Areas. In order to improve the knowledge on great apes in this park, an inventory was conducted between October and November 2011 using the linear transect technique. In total, 103 transects, 2.5 km each, were established and surveyed. The results of the study confirm the presence of the two species of great apes in the CMNP, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla. The inventory suggested that chimpanzees had a nest density of 0.158 nest∙km-2, allowing an estimated density of 0.555 indiv.km-2, for a total population estimated at 1466 animals weaned throughout the Park. Chimpanzees were mainly located in the northern part of the Park, near the hilly area of Niété. Gorillas had an estimated average encounter rate of 1.080 sign per km. They also appeared to be more concentrated around the area of Niété. Poaching was the preferred type of human activity in the Park and was located in the northern part of the Park. It is strongly recommended to implement the results of this study by performing regular surveys, about every 3 months, in order to monitor the demography of the great apes populations in the Park.

  3. Metodología LC-MS.Aspectos generales de la técnica y sus aplicaciones en el campo de la toxicología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Quintela

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años el aumento de publicaciones de aplicaciones de la cromatografía de líquidos acoplada a la espectrometría de masas (LC-MS en numerosos campos analíticos, incluyendo la toxicología y las ciencias forenses, ha sido verdaderamente espectacular. Este hecho, que no deja de aumentar, se debe probablemente tanto a los avances tecnológicos de la técnica como al descenso real de los precios en torno a esta “novedosa tecnología”. Es por ello que numerosos laboratorios están en disposición de adquirir una herramienta, que si bien en sus partes por separado no es desconocida (la cromatografía de líquidos, y la espectrometría de masas, unidas poseen unas características que la hacen especial, tanto en el modo de trabajar como en las aplicaciones a las que puede estar destinada. El presente trabajo trata de abordar someramente los principios físico-químicos sobre los que se basa la particular forma de compatibilizar el líquido procedente del cromatógrafo de líquidos con un espectrómetro de masas que únicamente puede trabajar con muestras en estado gaseoso. En una segunda parte se describe las interfases de Ionización a Presión Atmosférica (API, con sus dos fuentes de ionización más representativas: Electrospray (ES, e Ionización Química a Presión Atmosférica (APCI. Ya por último se realiza una revisión de las aplicaciones de la técnica en un laboratorio de toxicología forense, en donde aparecen reflejadas las más recientes aplicaciones de la técnica, como es el caso del screening general de xenobióticos.

  4. Nuevo método para la selección rapida de plantas de banano (Musa spp. AAA cv. Grande naine transformadas con gen bar procedentes de campo, empleando glufosinato de amonio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Gómez-Kosky

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Título en inglés: New method for rapid selection of banana (Musa spp. AAA cv. Grande naine plants with bar gene in the field using ammonium gluphosinate Resumen Los genes marcadores de la selección son ampliamente utilizados para la transformación eficiente de diferentes cultivos, sin embargo, existen muy pocas referencias sobre el desarrollo de métodos de selección temprana en campo de plantas supuestamente transformadas con marcador de selección tipo herbicidas. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto del glufosinato de amonio a partir del herbicida Finale en los fragmentos de hojas de plantas de campo cultivados in vitro, para la selección de líneas transformadas de banano cv. Grande naine (Musa spp. AAA, con una construcción que porta como marcador de selección el gen bar. A partir del método desarrollado con el empleo de fragmentos de hojas de plantas procedentes de campo, cultivados in vitro en el medio de cultivo agar al 1% más agua y 30,0 g/l-1 de glufosinato de amonio se logró diferenciar las dos líneas transformadas del control no transformado, a partir de la expresión del gen bar. Ambas líneas fueron positivas en el análisis molecular de PCR. Estos resultados permiten disponer de una herramienta útil y simple como parte de un protocolo de transformación genética para el cultivo del banano, siendo el primer informe de este resultado a nivel internacional. Palabras clave: Musa; transformación genética; gen bar; glufosinato de amonio. Abstract Selector marker genes are widely used for the efficient transformation of different crops; however, there are very few references on the development of early selection methods in the fields of potentially transformed plants for herbicides. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of ammonium gluphosinate from the herbicide Finale in leaf fragments from in vitro plants grown in the fields for the selection of putative transformed

  5. Atuação da enfermeira obstetra na Comunidade Anhanguera, Campo Grande (MS), na prevenção do câncer cérvico-uterino Actuación de la enfermera obstétra en la comunidad Anhanguera, Campo Grande (MS), en la prevención del cáncer de cuello uterino Role of the obstetric nurse in the Anhanguera community, Campo Grande (MS), for the prevention of cervical uterine cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra L. Felix de Freitas; Sandra Lúcia Arantes; Sonia Maria Oliveira de Barros

    1998-01-01

    Este é um estudo transversal, realizado entre as mulheres da Comunidade Anhanguera, com os objetivos de: conhecer o perfil demográfico, sócio-cultural, ginecológico e obstétrico, avaliar o comportamento preventivo em saúde, e elaborar um plano de assistência de enfermagem obstétrica. O instrumento de pesquisa foi um formulário aplicado durante visitas domiciliárias a 104 mulheres. Nossos resultados mostraram que 23,08 % desconhecia o exame preventivo de câncer, 50,00 % nunca o realizou, 77,88...

  6. Gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric validated method for the determination of Bisphenol A in public-supply water: An investigation in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Émerson Montagner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new validated method is described for determining bisphenol A (BPA in surface and public-supply water samples. Recovery rates of 91% to 113%, with coefficients of variation below 8.9%, were obtained within the limit of detection (2.4 ng L–1. Concentrations of 13 to 113 ng L–1 were found in tap water. An analysis of BPA stability in solid-phase extraction cartridges revealed that the analyte can be stored in such containers for at least 90 days. An evaluation of BPA leached from polyvinyl chloride (PVC piping showed that BPA can contaminate water distribution systems.

  7. Methods for analysis of PAH and BTEX in groundwater from gas stations: a case study in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil; Metodos para analises de HPA e BTEX em aguas subterraneas de postos de revenda de combustiveis: um estudo de caso em Campo Grande, MS, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gebara, Samya Soler; Re-Poppi, Nilva; Nascimento, Andre Luiz Carneiro Soares [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso de Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Raposo Junior, Jorge Luiz, E-mail: ni_ufms@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, MS (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologia

    2013-10-01

    Two methods using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were developed for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and BTEX. Best results were obtained using DVB/CAR/PDMS fiber, with 10 min extraction at 25 Degree-Sign C and 0.15 min desorption at 260 Degree-Sign C (BTEX), and PDMS/DVB fiber, with 60 min extraction at 90 Degree-Sign C, 10% NaCl and 5 min desorption at 270 Degree-Sign C (PAH). LOD intervals were 3x10{sup -2} - 5x10{sup -2} {mu}g L{sup -1} (BTEX) and 1.6x10{sup -3} - 1.4 {mu}g L{sup -1} (PAH). The methods were applied to forty-five groundwater samples from monitoring wells of gas stations and only benzene level exceeded the limit established by Brazilian regulations. (author)

  8. Florística e fitossociologia da vegetação de um campo sujeito à arenização no sudoeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Floristics and phytosociology of grassland vegetation subject to sandy desertification in southwestern Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisete Maria de Freitas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Extensas áreas de campo nativo do sudoeste do Rio Grande do Sul são suscetíveis ao processo de arenização, que ocorre em áreas de fragilidade pedológica, tendo influência de interferência antrópica e fatores abióticos. Com o objetivo de testar a variação da cobertura vegetal e a dinâmica da arenização no tempo e conforme a influência da distância da encosta, foi desenvolvido um estudo florístico e fitossociológico em áreas de campo nativo sob pastejo. Duas subáreas, diferentes quanto ao processo da arenização, foram selecionadas no município de São Francisco de Assis, RS. O levantamento florístico apontou a ocorrência de 102 espécies, distribuídas em 25 famílias. No estudo fitossociológico, 35 quadros permanentes de 0,25 m² em cada subárea foram dispostos em diferentes distâncias da encosta do morro. Foram registradas as coberturas das espécies vegetais, do mantilho e do solo exposto em três períodos. Dados sobre riqueza e diversidade de espécies e formas de vida foram avaliados por análise de variância, via testes de aleatorização, considerando o fator temporal e o espacial (distância da encosta. Houve maior redução da diversidade específica e da cobertura vegetal na subárea 1 (com menor cobertura vegetal conforme a variação temporal. Na subárea 2 (com maior cobertura vegetal, o aumento do solo exposto e a conseqüente redução da cobertura vegetal tiveram maior influência da distância da encosta. A alteração da cobertura vegetal e a expansão da arenização observadas ao longo do tempo são resultado da influência conjunta da dinâmica pluviométrica, do tipo solo, da presença de encostas dos relevos tabulares com pouca vegetação e da contínua pressão de pastejo.Extensive areas of native grassland in southwestern Rio Grande do Sul are susceptible to sandy desertification, which occurs in pedologically fragile areas influenced by anthropic interference and abiotic factors. A

  9. Deficiência visual nas crianças indígenas em idade escolar das etnias Guarani e Kaiowá na região da Grande Dourados/MS: um estudo sobre a incidência e as necessidades específicas e educacionais especiais Visual impairment on school-age children of Guarani and Kaiowá communities of Grande Dourados, MS: a study about incidence and specific educational needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Aparecida de Sá

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisas sobre deficiência visual nas populações indígenas das etnias Guarani e Kaiowá são escassas. O objetivo geral deste estudo consistiu em mapear a deficiência visual entre os escolares indígenas da Região da Grande Dourados, MS. Os objetivos específicos foram: identificar os escolares indígenas com baixa visão e cegueira nas escolas indígenas; caracterizar as causas da deficiência visual nessa população; descrever as necessidades específicas e educacionais especiais dos escolares indígenas com deficiência visual. Os procedimentos para coleta de dados foram: observação de campo e triagem ocular de seis mil escolares; avaliação oftalmológica, funcional da visão, das necessidades específicas e educacionais especiais dos escolares identificados. Os resultados indicaram alta incidência de deficiência visual entre a população estudada: nove cegos, dos quais quatro não têm acesso à educação; dos sete com baixa visão, três estão fora da escola; um deles apresenta deficiência múltipla. As causas prevalentes foram atrofia óptica e alteração retiniana. As avaliações apontam adequações relativas: distância de discriminação de objetos, gravuras, obstáculos; compensação do campo visual para locomoção e atividades diárias; adaptação de materiais pedagógicos quanto aos contrastes, tamanho de letras, cores e o controle da iluminação; necessidades de recursos ópticos especiais e não ópticos. Conclui-se que a efetivação do direito à saúde e à educação entre os escolares indígenas é ignorada pelo poder público, observa-se múltipla negação de direitos: a combinação da pobreza com a deficiência, a falta de acesso à saúde ocular e ao Atendimento Educacional Especializado.Research on visual impairment among Guarani and Kaiowá indigenous populations is scarce. The general objective of this study consisted of mapping and identifying visual impairment of indigenous students of the

  10. Planejamento estratégico em saúde com base em determinantes: o caso do município de Campo Bom (RS). Uma proposta metodológica para a gestão descentralizada Strategic health planning based on determinants: case of the municipality of Campo Bom, Rio Grande do Sul State. A methodological proposal for the decentralized management

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Maximino León González

    2009-01-01

    Com o objetivo de analisar o modelo de planejamento estratégico em saúde com base em determinantes, utilizado na experiência do município de Campo Bom, realizou-se estudo observacional, qualitativo, de análise documental e avaliação de novas tecnologias de processo na gestão local de saúde. O estudo contém uma análise de coerência metodológica e de aplicabilidade do modelo, a partir da revisão dos planos municipal e locais. Nele, apresenta-se o caso de Campo Bom, no qual foi possível integrar...

  11. Titulação de anticorpos contra o vírus da raiva em cães, em Campo Grande, MS, na Campanha Anti-Rábica de 2003 Rabies virus antibody titers in dogs in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, during the anti-rabies campaign, 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Rigo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Para avaliar a resposta imune em cães, que compareceram a Campanha de Vacinação Anti-Rábica Animal de 2003, foram analisados 333 soros caninos, coletados nos diversos postos de vacinação. Verificou-se que 51,1% dos animais não possuíam títulos protetores. Não foi encontrada associação entre aplicação de vacina e maior número de vacinações, com maior título imunitário.To assess the immune response in dogs attended during the 2003 anti-rabies animal vaccination campaign, 333 serum samples collected at different vaccination posts were analyzed. It was found that 51.1% of the animals did not have protective titers. No correlation was found between vaccine application or multiple vaccinations and higher immune titers.

  12. Seedling formation and field production of beetroot and lettuce in Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil Formação de mudas e produção a campo de beterraba e alface em Aquidauana-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo AM Leal

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In horticulture, the proper use of containers and substrates for the production of seedlings are important factors that affect crop productivity in the field. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different containers and substrates in the production of lettuce (Lactuca sativa, cv Veneranda and beetroot (Beta vulgaris, cv Top Tall Early Wonder seedlings in nursery with monofilament screen, 50% of shading, and the productivity of these species when transplanted to field plots. In protected cultivation, a completely randomized experimental design, in a 3 x 3 factorial scheme (three polystyrene trays, R1= 72, R2= 128 and R3= 200 cells and three substrates, S1= 93% of soil + 7% of organic compost, S2= 86% of soil + 14% of organic compost and S3= 79% of soil + 21% of organic compost was used, with 15 replications, where one plantlet was a replication. In the field, the nine treatments were evaluated in a completely randomized experimental design. The 72 cells tray with 7% commercial organic compost substrate promoted the best beetroot and lettuce seedlings. In the field, the plants from the 72 cell tray produced greater plants, independent of substrates type.Na olericultura o uso adequado de recipientes e substratos para a produção de mudas são fatores importantes e que afetam a produtividade das culturas a campo. No presente trabalho objetivou-se avaliar, em viveiro de tela de monofilamento com 50% de sombreamento, o efeito de diferentes recipientes e substratos na produção de mudas de alface (Lactuca sativa, cv Veneranda e beterraba (Beta vulgaris, cv Top Tall Early Wonder, bem como a produtividade dessas espécies quando transplantadas em canteiros a campo. No ambiente protegido utilizou-se o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 3 x 3, sendo os fatores 3 recipientes (R1= 72, R2= 128 e R3= 200 células de poliestireno e 3 substratos (S1= 93% de solo + 7% de composto orgânico, S2= 86% de solo + 14% de

  13. IL CAMPO GEOMAGNETICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. MOLINA

    1972-06-01

    Full Text Available Questo lavoro non è un trattato sul campo geomagnetico e nemmeno
    una rassegna sull'argomento, almeno nel significato che normalmente
    si attribuisce al termine « rassegna »; esso è semplicemente
    un tentativo di condensare in termini comprensibili agli studiosi non
    specializzati ciò che oggi si sa o si ipotizza sul magnetismo terrestre
    e sulle sue cause. Chi scrive si è sempre trovato a disagio di fronte
    alle richieste di una spiegazione sull'origine del campo magnetico
    terrestre: o si cerca di cavarsela con poche parole (« si tratta di correnti
    elettriche indotte nell'interno della Terra » che possono forse accontentare
    chi non si occupa in modo particolare di problemi scientifici
    ma non possono soddisfare un fisico, oppure ci si sente obbligati a
    tentare faticosamente di approfondire, sia per capirli personalmente
    che per poterli poi spiegare agli altri, argomenti e ragionamenti che
    sono in realtà accessibili solo a un fisico teorico ben preparato. Apparentemente
    non esiste una via di mezzo, come del resto in molti altri
    campi della fisica contemporanea.
    La presente monografia rappresenta appunto il tentativo di trovare
    questa via di mezzo: nel terzo capitolo, dedicato alle teorie sull'origine
    del campo geomagnetico, si cerca di descrivere qualitativamente
    i principali processi fisici proposti come sorgenti del campo,
    dopo un accenno ai fondamenti fisici e matematici sui quali sono state
    elaborate le varie teorie. Senza farmi soverchie illusioni di essere riuscito
    nell'intento, mi dichiarerei tuttavia soddisfatto se questo lavoro
    destasse sull'argomento l'interesse di qualche giovane ricercatore, incoraggiandolo
    ad un approfondimento.

  14. Métodos para análises de HPA e BTEX em águas subterrâneas de postos de revenda de combustíveis: um estudo de caso em Campo Grande, MS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sâmya Soler Gebara

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Two methods using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry were developed for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH and BTEX. Best results were obtained using DVB/CAR/PDMS fiber, with 10 min extraction at 25 °C and 0.15 min desorption at 260 °C (BTEX, and PDMS/DVB fiber, with 60 min extraction at 90 °C, 10% NaCl and 5 min desorption at 270 °C (PAH. LOD intervals were 3x10-2 - 5x10-2 µg L-1 (BTEX and 1.6x10-3 - 1.4 µg L-1 (PAH. The methods were applied to forty-five groundwater samples from monitoring wells of gas stations and only benzene level exceeded the limit established by Brazilian regulations.

  15. Deficiência visual nas crianças indígenas em idade escolar das etnias Guarani e Kaiowá na região da Grande Dourados/MS: um estudo sobre a incidência e as necessidades específicas e educacionais especiais Visual impairment on school-age children of Guarani and Kaiowá communities of Grande Dourados, MS: a study about incidence and specific educational needs

    OpenAIRE

    Michele Aparecida de Sá; Marilda Moraes Garcia Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Pesquisas sobre deficiência visual nas populações indígenas das etnias Guarani e Kaiowá são escassas. O objetivo geral deste estudo consistiu em mapear a deficiência visual entre os escolares indígenas da Região da Grande Dourados, MS. Os objetivos específicos foram: identificar os escolares indígenas com baixa visão e cegueira nas escolas indígenas; caracterizar as causas da deficiência visual nessa população; descrever as necessidades específicas e educacionais especiais dos escolares indíg...

  16. Diario de campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Holgado Ramos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available "Diario de campo" es una interesante propuesta de la socióloga Rosario Izquierdo, que combina el estudio sociológico, la novelización y el análisis de la experiencia de investigación e intervención de la autora. “Diario de campo” es una lectura interesante para comprender el proceso de inmersión social y de contacto con el contexto de investigación y de la interacción con los valores personales y profesionales afectan a dicho proceso y a la propia construcción de la identidad del investigador.

  17. Diario de campo

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Holgado Ramos

    2013-01-01

    "Diario de campo" es una interesante propuesta de la socióloga Rosario Izquierdo, que combina el estudio sociológico, la novelización y el análisis de la experiencia de investigación e intervención de la autora. “Diario de campo” es una lectura interesante para comprender el proceso de inmersión social y de contacto con el contexto de investigación y de la interacción con los valores personales y profesionales afectan a dicho proceso y a la propia construcción de la identidad del investigador...

  18. Grand challenges in modeling and simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Steven C.

    2002-07-01

    Few argue with the need for modeling and simulation (M&S) to better or more completely represent current and expected military operations. The challenge is to decide where to make specific improvements in M&S representation and functionality within time, funding, technology, and research limitations. So, it is natural to select key areas - Grand Challenges - for a significant evolution in M&S where a major effort of many at considerable cost is needed to deal with the critical issues ahead. This paper selects three proposed and related Grand Challenges. First, M&S Depiction of Information and Effects-Based Operations, as a Grand Challenge, will assist in creating sufficiently realistic battlespaces for M&S users. Second, M&S Support to Crisis Response and Military Operations, as a Grand Challenge, is a key area that will help the Department of Defense meet transformation goals. Third, Effective Development of Future Simulations, as a Grand Challenge, will set the standards by which future M&S improvements and new M&S programs will be acquired to ensure needed simulations are delivered on time and at desired cost.

  19. Teoría de campos fuera del equilibrio y cosmología

    OpenAIRE

    Cao García, Francisco Javier

    2001-01-01

    En este trabajo se investiga la dinamica cuantica de los campos para sistemas fuera del equilibrio con densidad de energia no perturbativamente grande. Las principales aplicaciones de los resultados son las colisiones ultrarelativistas de iones pesados y los procesos a alta densidad de energia en el Universo. Se calcula la dinamica usando las ecuaciones de evolucion en el limite de N grande, y se obtienen soluciones analiticas para varios regimenes. Se muestra que la dinamica esta caracteriza...

  20. La geomorfología de la colada de Cervantes, Volcán Irazú (Costa Rica: descripción de uno de los campos de lava más grande de América Central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo E. Alvarado

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La colada de Cervantes se ubica en el flanco sureste del volcán Irazú, en Costa Rica, y es el flujo de lava más reciente y grande datado en este volcán. Este campo está constituido por dos flujos de lava que presentan una composición diferente. El flujo occidental (10,85 km², 0.18 ± 0.1 km³ es de composición basáltica (SiO : 50,71-52,06%, MgO: 8,13-9,50% y basáltica andesítica debido a mezcla de magma (SiO : 52,90-53,42%, MgO: 6,71-7,12%, y es más viejo (57 ka ± 13 ka años a.P.. El flujo oriental (28,14 km², 1,14 ± 0,25 km³ es de composición basáltica andesita (SiO : 55,54-56.58%, MgO: 4,4-5,26% y es más joven (~16 840 años a.P.. La colada de Cervantes muestra distintas morfologías superficiales tales como canales, levées y topografía tipo hummocky. La estructura interna de la colada está compuesta por varias unidades de lava masiva e intercalaciones de auto brechas (con presencia de bolas de lava. El flujo Occidental está compuesto por flujos de lava de tipo escoriácea y flujos en bloques, los cuales a su vez están cubiertos de ceniza, y con un espesor inferior a 20 m, con excepción del río Reventazón, en donde posee un espesor de aproximadamente 150 m, creando a su vez el paleo-lago Cachí. Sin embargo, el flujo Occidental presenta una composición más básica (posiblemente mayor fluidez, pequeñas dimensiones, tanto en espesor como extensión, resultado de bajas tasas de efusión, pendientes altas, y/o el cese de efusión de lava. El flujo Oriental fue originado a partir de fisuras ubicadas en sitios de baja altitud, y su espesor y extensión, además de la presencia de levées, son características que permiten relacionarlo con periodos de mayor efusión o descarga. Únicamente el flujo Oriental tiene zonas de no depositación de lava (kipukas y una serie de depresiones de diferentes dimensiones y un patrón sinuoso, resultado de un antiguo valle fluvial cubierto por la lava. En el flanco sur del Iraz

  1. Pediatric MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pediatric MS - National Multiple Sclerosis Society Skip to navigation Skip to content Menu Navigation National Multiple Sclerosis ... What Is MS? Who Gets MS? Pediatric MS Pediatric MS Share Smaller Text Larger Text Print In ...

  2. Perfil parasitológico em frangos do campo

    OpenAIRE

    Baptista, André Figueiredo

    2010-01-01

    A prevalência da maior parte das doenças parasitárias em avicultura dita industrial, tem vindo a diminuir com o passar dos anos. Uma das principais causas para este facto foi o avanço e evolução que esta actividade teve a nível de maneio, higiene e sistema de produção. Contudo, em relação à criação de frangos de campo, devido ao modo como é feita essa criação, ao ar livre a partir de certa idade, as aves podem ficar expostas a um grande número de possíveis hospedeiros intermedi...

  3. Tuberculosis pulmonar de campos inferiores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra González

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available La tuberculosis (TB que compromete sólo los campos pulmonares inferiores (TBCI es poco frecuente en el adulto y en general está asociada a alguna causa de inmunodepresión. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue determinar la incidencia de TBCI en nuestra población y comparar sus características respecto de la TB pulmonar de localización habitual. Se estudiaron en forma retrospectiva en el período de 2004 a 2008, 42 pacientes con TBCI que fueron comparados con 84 pacientes con TB pulmonar de localización habitual (grupo control. Se excluyeron pacientes con HIV. La TBCI representó el 6% del total de TB pulmonar. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en cuanto a edad, sexo, presencia de cavidades en la radiografía, días de evolución y nivel de albúmina. La TBCI tuvo significativamente mayor proporción de comorbilidades (p < 0.001, presencia de condensación (p < 0.001 y compromiso unilateral (p < 0.001 en la radiografía de tórax, junto con mayor número de internaciones (p = 0.02. Cabe destacar que sólo16 de los 42 pacientes con TBCI (38% tenían alguna comorbilidad demostrada. La TBCI puede presentarse aun sin comorbilidades asociadas y debe sospecharse en neumonías de evolución tórpida independientemente de su localización.

  4. Volcanism and stratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Campo Alegre Basin, SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SERGIO B. CITRONI

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The depositional succession of the Campo Alegre Basin (Santa Catarina - southern Brazil was investigated having the evolution of the volcanic activity as background. The different stratigraphic units are interpreted as belonging to different volcanic stages: Bateias Formation, conglomerates and sandstones, related with a pre-volcanic stage; Campo Alegre Group, at the main volcanic stage, with each different formation corresponding to different episodes of volcanism - Rio Negrinho Formation, corresponding to the basic volcanism, Avenca Grande Formation to ignimbritic event, Serra de São Miguel Formation to the acid volcanism and Fazenda Uirapuru Formation, related to an explosive event; Rio Turvo and Arroio Água Fria formations correspond respectively to inner and extra-caldera deposits.A sucessão deposicional das rochas vulcânicas e sedimentares da Bacia de Campo Alegre (Santa Catarina - sul do Brasil foi estabelecida tendo como "background" a evolução da atividade vulcânica. As diferentes unidades estratigráficas são consideradas como pertencentes a diferentes estágios do vulcanismo: Formação Bateias, constituída por conglomerados e arenitos, é relacionada a um estágio pré-vulcânico; Grupo Campo Alegre, depositado durante o estágio vulcânico principal, é constituído de diferentes formações que refletem os diversos momentos desse vulcanismo - Formação Rio Negrinho, relacionada ao vulcanismo básico, Formação Avenca Grande a eventos ignimbríticos, Formação Serra de São Miguel ao vulcanismo ácido e a Formação Fazenda Uirapuru a um evento explosivo; as formações Rio Turvo e Arroio Água Fria correspondem respectivamente a depósitos do interior e do exterior de uma caldeira abatida.

  5. Origen de la gran industria en la comarca del Campo de Gibraltar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Foncubierta Rodríguez

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Cuando en la década de los sesenta se pusieron en marcha los Planes Nacionales de Desarrollo, la comarca del Campo de Gibraltar vivía una situación de pobreza y de analfabetismo, caracterizada por la servidumbre de su población al uso militar de gran parte de su territorio, y a la presencia de la colonia británica de Gibraltar. La calificación como Zona de Preferente Localización Industrial, hizo que en el Arco de la Bahía de Algeciras se instalara un conjunto de grandes empresas que han transformado sensiblemente la comarca, en términos de empleo, económicos e incluso de cualificación de los ciudadanos. Palabras-clave: Grandes industrias, Campo de Gibraltar, Planes de Desarrollo, Bahía de Algeciras.___________________________ABSTRACT:When in the sixties are launched the National Development Plans, in order to avoid regional imbalance, the region of Campo de Gibraltar suffered a socio-economic situation of poverty and illiteracy, which was characterized by the easement to military use of its territory, and the presence of the British colony of Gibraltar. Its classification as Industrial Location Preferred Zone was the cause of a set of large companies to be installed at the Bay of Algeciras, which have significantly transformed the situation in this area, in terms of employment, economy, and even their people´s qualification.Keywords: Large industries, Campo de Gibraltar, Development Plans, Bay of Algeciras

  6. Grand unification and before

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The standard SU(3)/sub c/ x SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1) model of strong and electroweak interactions contains the following parameters: (1) it has three indepenent couplings g3, g2 and g1. The QCD coupling g3 is often parameterized in terms of the mass scale Λ/sub MS/, while g2 and g1 are generally traded off for the electric charge e and the weak mixing angle theta/sub W/ via the relationships e2 = g22 sin2theta/sub W/ and tan2theta/sub W/ = 3g12/5g22; (2) there are two intermediate vector boson masses m/sub W/ and m/sub Z/ which are related by m/sub W/ = m/sub Z/cos theta/sub W/ and an arbitrary Higgs scalar mass m/sub phi/; (3) of its nine fermion masses m/sub e/, m/sub μ/, m/sub tau/, m/sub d/, m/sub s/, m/sub b/, m/sub u/, m/sub c/ and m/sub t/, all except, m/sub t/ have phenomenologically measured values. From e+e- annihilation PETRA data, one has the lower bound m/sub t/ greater than or equal to 18 GeV; (4) there are three quark mixing angles theta1, theta2, theta3 and a CP violating phase delta. In addition, there may be neutrino masses, lepton mixing angles, new generations of fermions, etc. As experimentalists measure these parameters with better precision, theorists seek natural relationships (such as m/sub W/ = m/sub Z/cos theta/sub W/) in an attempt to understand their origin. Such relationships are generally obtained by constraining the theory with additional symmetries. In that regard we now know how to correlate the three couplings g3, g2 and g1 through grand unification. Unfortunately, the origin of masses and their interrelationships are not as well understood. This problem of masses should be a signal that something fundamental is lacking in our present theories

  7. Grand Hotel prijutil hudozhnikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Raadioajakirjanik Lea Veelmaa lindistas "Kunstikanali" 2004. a. esimese saate Grand Hotel Viljandis. Saatekülaliseks oli maalikunstnik Andres Tolts. Toltsi kaheksa akrüülmaali on eksponeeritud hotelli fuajees ja restoranis

  8. Salida de campo por Francia el 8 de mayo de 1954

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Francia, seguramente cerca de la reserva natural de La Camarga, en el delta del río Ródano (Provenza), durante la mañana del 8 de mayo de 1954, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre el mamífero Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Murciélago grande de herradura), y las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus sp. (Carricerín), Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Alectoris sp. (Perdiz), Apus sp. (Vencejo), Ardea purpurea (Garza imperial), Botau...

  9. Salida de campo a La Rubia (Valaldolid) el 8 de noviembre de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a La Rubia (Valladolid) durante la mañana del 8 de noviembre de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre el mamífero Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Murciélago grande de herradura), y las siguientes aves: Buteo buteo (Busardo ratonero, también llamado Águila ratera), Corvus frugilegus (Graja), Fringilla sp. (Pinzón vulgar), Larus ridibundus (Gaviota reidora), Milvus milvus (Milano real), Pica pica (Urraca, llamada "marica" y "picarza" por el autor) y Turdus ericetorum (consi...

  10. Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 15 de mayo de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 15 de mayo de 1951, en la que se anotó una observación sobre la disminución de población de ranas y renacuajos en la laguna (no se identifican especies) y anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Carricero común), Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Alectoris rufa (Perdiz roja), Anas platyrhynchos (Ánade azulón), Charadrius hiaticula (Chorlitejo grande), Ciconia ...

  11. El campo petrolero Cantarell y la economía mexicana

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Romo

    2015-01-01

    Los grandes campos de petróleo han jugado un papel fundamental como aporte de hidrocarburos en el mundo, pero la mayoría de ellos está en proceso de declinación. El macro yacimiento Cantarell ha sido el origen de importantes volúmenes de hidrocarburos y grandes beneficios para el país, pero a partir de 2004 inició su proceso de declinación que ha afectado la plataforma de producción de petróleo. Esta investigación estudia el conjunto de elementos que han incidido sobre el desempeño de ese mac...

  12. Trabajadoras asalariadas en el campo murciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cayetano Espejo Marín

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante las dos últimas décadas del siglo XX las transformaciones en el campo murciano han generado la necesidad de abundante mano de obra. Esta oportunidad ha sido aprovechada por muchas mujeres para incorporarse al mercado laboral como asalariadas en las explotaciones agrarias que les ofrecen empleo.

  13. Temas de Física para Ingeniería: Campos escalares y vectoriales

    OpenAIRE

    Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Bernabeu Pastor, José Guillermo; Pastor Antón, Carlos

    1988-01-01

    Magnitudes, vectores y campos: "Campos escalares y vectoriales". Campo escalar y campo vectorial. Cálculo vectorial infinitesimal: operadores. Representación vectorial de una superficie. Integración de campos vectoriales. Relaciones entre los campos escalares y vectoriales. Clasificación de los campos vectoriales.

  14. Salida de campo a Medina de Campo y Villafuente (Valladolid) el 8 de junio de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Medina del Campo y Villafuente (no quedando claro si el autor se refiere a la localidade de Villafuerte, en Valladolid), en Valladolid, el 8 de junio de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre Oryctolagus cuniculus (Conejo) y las siguientes aves: Alectoris rufa (Perdiz roja), Apus sp. (Vencejo), Athene noctua (Mochuelo europeo), Burhinus oedicnemus (Alcaraván común), Buteo buteo (Busardo ratonero), Caprimulgus ruficollis (Chotacabras cuellirojo), Carduelis cannabina ...

  15. Grand antiprism and quaternions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vertices of the four-dimensional (4D) semi-regular polytope, the grand antiprism and its symmetry group of order 400 are represented in terms of quaternions with unit norm. It follows from the icosian representation of the E8 root system which decomposes into two copies of the root system of H4. The symmetry of the grand antiprism is a maximal subgroup of the Coxeter group W(H4). It is the group Aut(H2 + H'2) which is constructed in terms of 20 quaternionic roots of the Coxeter diagram H2 + H'2. The root system of H4 represented by the binary icosahedral group I of order 120, constitutes the regular 4D polytope 600-cell. When its 20 quaternionic vertices corresponding to the roots of the diagram H2 + H'2 are removed from the vertices of the 600-cell the remaining 100 quaternions constitute the vertices of the grand antiprism. We give a detailed analysis of the construction of the cells of the grand antiprism in terms of quaternions. The dual polytope of the grand antiprism has also been constructed.

  16. Proposta de atividade de campo para o ensino de biodiversidade usando formigas como modelo = A field work proposal for teaching biodiversity using ants as a model

    OpenAIRE

    Rogério Soares Cordeiro; Moacir Wuo; Maria Santina de Castro Morini

    2010-01-01

    As atividades de campo continuam sendo um caminho árduo para o professor, entretanto, elas representam um dos principais passos para o estudo da biodiversidade. Nosso país é considerado megadiverso, mas ensinar sobre esse tema é complexo. Assim, o objetivo desse trabalho foi delinear um protocolo de atividades de campo para que o professor possa aplicar durante suas aulas sobre diversidade biológica. As formigas foram escolhidas como modelo de estudo, pois são ricas e abundantes na grande mai...

  17. MS Detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koppenaal, David W.; Barinaga, Charles J.; Denton, M Bonner B.; Sperline, Roger P.; Hieftje, Gary M.; Schilling, G. D.; Andrade, Francisco J.; Barnes IV., James H.

    2005-11-01

    Good eyesight is often taken for granted, a situation that everyone appreciates once vision begins to fade with age. New eyeglasses or contact lenses are traditional ways to improve vision, but recent new technology, i.e. LASIK laser eye surgery, provides a new and exciting means for marked vision restoration and improvement. In mass spectrometry, detectors are the 'eyes' of the MS instrument. These 'eyes' have also been taken for granted. New detectors and new technologies are likewise needed to correct, improve, and extend ion detection and hence, our 'chemical vision'. The purpose of this report is to review and assess current MS detector technology and to provide a glimpse towards future detector technologies. It is hoped that the report will also serve to motivate interest, prompt ideas, and inspire new visions for ion detection research.

  18. Prevalence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis in the urban area neighboring a petrochemical complex and a control area in Sao Paulo, Brazil Prevalência de tireoidite de Hashimoto na população vicinal ao Pólo Petroquímico de Capuava (área Polo e área controle (São Bernardo Campo na região metropolitana da grande São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalinda Y. A. Camargo

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis in 2 urban areas of metropolitan São Paulo (Brazil: Polo Area neighboring a large petrochemical complex and São Bernardo Campo Area (control area. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were randomly included from the adult population (20 to 70 years of age of both genders (women 80%, men 20% who voluntarily agreed to participate. From the Polo Area, in the vicinity of a large petrochemical industrial complex, 409 subjects were included; from the control area (São Bernardo Campo Area 420 individuals were included. All subjects were clinically examined, and a detailed record of past thyroid illness and medications was obtained. Ultrasonographic studies were performed using a portable GE Medical Systems apparatus. Blood samples were obtained for free T4, serum TSH, and serum anti-thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies. Urine specimens were collected in Monovette syringes for assaying iodine content. Salt samples were collected at households, and the iodine content was measured. RESULTS: Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis was diagnosed both echographically (marked hypoechogenicity and immunologically (presence of autoantibodies against thyroid peroxidase. In the Polo Area, 15.6% of the examined population had chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, and in the control area (São Bernardo Campo Area, 19.5% of the population had evidence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (P > 0.057, not significant. The prevalence of hypothyroidism was 4.9% in the Polo Area and 8.3% in the São Bernardo Campo Area (P = 0.0461 significant. Taking the 2 populations together, 6.6% had hypothyroidism (about one third of these patients were on L-T4 treatment. The mean thyroid volume was 11.2 mL. Domestic salt had a normal concentration of iodine (35.5 + 6.61 mg/kg. Urinary excretion of iodine was above 300 µg Iodine/L in 58.5% of the total population. CONCLUSION: The high iodine intake (above 300 µg Iodine/L of urine that

  19. Sobre o campo da Psicologia Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belinda Mandelbaum

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O campo da Psicologia Social é apresentado como território fértil, na contemporaneidade, para constituir-se como um laboratório para a produção em Ciências Humanas, uma vez que, no século XX, cada vez mais o social foi em direção ao psicológico. Neste campo, nosso embate dá-se no modo como entendemos o hífen pressuposto na integração psicossocial. A autora propõe que, entre o psicológico e o social, o hífen domina, pois ele é a própria essência relacional que é inerente a cada um dos elementos. Sugere que o modelo para entender o homem e suas circunstâncias proposto por Freud imbrica de forma indissociável o psicológico e o social, a ontogênese e a filogênese, com uma potência que teve impacto sobre todo o campo das Ciências Humanas. A Psicanálise é um instrumento hermenêutico para colaborar na elucidação dos fenômenos sociais. A autora utiliza imagens construídas por Freud e Walter Benjamin e poemas de Carlos Drummond de Andrade para fortalecer o entendimento do hífen psicossocial tanto em sua ação multidimensional quanto em sua organização.

  20. Desagrarización del campo chiapaneco

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Cuero, Julieta

    2011-01-01

    [ES] En este trabajo se analizan las transformaciones del campo chiapaneco a nivel regional. El propósito es evaluar las tesis de una nueva ruralidad y heterogeneidad estructural en el sector rural del Estado. Para ello, en primer lugar se describen las condiciones estructurales del sector agrario en la entidad partiendo de las condiciones ecológicas y geográficas, el tipo de tenencia de la tierra y la composición poblacional dedicada a la producción agrícola. En segundo lugar, se recogen ele...

  1. Comunicación y campos laborales

    OpenAIRE

    Vialey, Patricia

    2003-01-01

    Desde el surgimiento de las carreras de perio dismo y comunicación en Latinoamérica, la definición de sus perfiles y currículas fueron, y aún lo son, objeto de intensos debates. En un principio, éstos eran fomentados por las inquietudes propias de lo nuevo y las motivaciones de quienes impulsaron la formación institucional del profesional. Luego, por las características que se definieron en el desarrollo del campo de la comunicación. Al recuperar, desde una mirada histórica, estos debates ...

  2. Sistema automatizado de medición de campo lejano

    OpenAIRE

    Morras, Cecilia Andrea; Bertone, Rodolfo Alfredo; De Vito, María Cecilia; Sanz, Juan Aurelio; Bria, Oscar N.

    2004-01-01

    El trabajo presenta y describe una propuesta para la definición de un sistema automatizado que permita generar mediciones de un campo lejano. Se entiende por campo lejano a la región del campo de una antena en la cual la distribución angular del campo es sensiblemente independiente de la distancia de la antena [12]. El problema en cuestión consiste en medir las polarizaciones de una antena en una banda de frecuencia. Dicha medición era realizada en forma manual, pudiéndose obtener un Diagr...

  3. A Agroecologia como um campo científico.

    OpenAIRE

    Borsatto, Ricardo Serra; Carmo, Maristela Simões do

    2013-01-01

    Este texto teórico aborda os desafios de a Agroecologia se consolidar como um campo científico, visto que muitos pesquisadores envolvidos em sua temática requerem para ela o status de Ciência, ao mesmo tempo em que a sua postura epistemológica questiona severamente os paradigmas vigentes no campo científico. Aqui se defende que a Agroecologia pertence também ao campo científico, não negando que ela possa pertencer a outros campos, e que esse pertencimento é estratégico para evitar o seu desvi...

  4. Salida de campo por Aguilar de Campoo (Palencia) entre el 3 y el 10 de abril de 1954

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Aguilar de Campoo, en Palencia, entre el 3 y el 10 de abril de 1954, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: "Buitre grande" (probablemente, Aegypius monachus, el Buitre negro), Ciconia sp. (Cigüeña), Neophron percnopterus (Alimoche común, también conocido como Buitre blanco) y Saxicola torquata (Tarabilla común). Field trip through Aguilar de Campoo, at Palencia, between the 3rd and the 10th of April of 1954, of which there were noted observatio...

  5. Bolsas de plástico y lazos sociales. Notas de campo sobre reciclaje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Montero Mórtola

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La protección del medio ambiente no sólo consiste en grandes campañas mediáticas y políticas. Existe una ciudadanía silenciosa que ha empezado a modificar actitudes, rescatar viejas costumbres y adaptarlas a distintos espacios de este mundo globalizado (domésticos, informales.... Un cambio cultural donde la reutilización de objetos desechados, a través de actividades artesanales y educativas, sirve para poner en marcha una serie de vínculos y lazos sociales. Estudiando el reciclaje de bolsas de plástico, la antropología puede restituir esos curiosos procesos organizativos, prácticas sociales sólo visibles a partir de un trabajo de campo continuado.

  6. La familia como campo de saber de las ciencias sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda López

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Como categoría socio-cultural y como campo de conflictos, la familia constituye un objeto de investigación e intervención de diferentes disciplinas. Si bien cada campo de saber define con respecto a la familia su objeto de estudio, la comprensión de la co

  7. Grand-Guignol

    OpenAIRE

    Desbois, Evelyne

    2007-01-01

    Le rire aux éclats, le mythe railleur, Brise des entonnoirs, l'Echo du Ravin ou n'importe quel autre journal du front rédigé dans les tranchées, fustigeaient les « bourreurs de crâne de l'arrière ». Dans le premier numéro du journal du front Le Crapouillot de 1917, Jean Galtier-Boissière dénonçait les « vampires » qui vivent du sang des combattants : « Et tandis que les bonshommes, couverts de boue, éclaboussés de sang, gravissent péniblement leur indescriptible calvaire, la "Grande Guerr......

  8. Grand unified theories. Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author gives an introduction to the construction of grand unified theories on the base of the SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1) model of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions. Especially he discusses the proton decay, neutrino masses and oscillations, and cosmological implications in connection with grand unified theories. (orig./HSI)

  9. La importancia de ser grande

    OpenAIRE

    Baisre, J. A.

    2007-01-01

    Se responde a las preguntas ¿por qué los mamíferos marinos son los animales más grandes del planeta?, ¿Por qué los peces no pueden ser más grandes?. Éstas y otras interrogantes son respondidas de forma sencilla y clara.

  10. Petrographical properties of shales from Campos Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rabe, Claudio; Araujo, Ewerton M.P.; Fontoura, Sergio A.B. da [Pontificia Univ. Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Civil. Grupo de Tecnologia e Engenharia de Petroleo (GTEP)

    2004-07-01

    This paper presents a petrographical characterization of shales from Albacora, Marlim and Marlim Sul fields (offshore Campos Basin, Brazil). The characterization program included petrography analysis of thin section of undisturbed shale samples, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) analysis. The tests were realized with the purpose of obtaining information to observe the nature of the rock microstructure. From the results presented herein, the shales can be described as silty and calciferous. The description of the thin sections indicated that all the shale samples are very similar from the compositional and textural point of view. The samples are rich in clay minerals, that show small size grains and seem homogeneous, and carbonatic cement. The samples are constituted by calcite, quartz, kaolinite, smecite, illite, illite/smectite, kaolinite/illite/smectite, feldspar, plagioclase, dolomite, chlorite and pyrite. The samples showed a great amount of calcium, resultant from the microfossils, that covers partially the clay minerals. Pyrite is also observed as small grains disperse throughout the sample with form of agglomerated pyrite framboids, cubo-octahedral and octahedral crystals. The EDS show the presence of picks of Si, Al, Mg, K and Na particles, indicating the presence of clay minerals, calcite, pyrite and chlorite. (author)

  11. Sobrevivência e crescimento inicial em campo de espécies florestais nativas do Brasil Central indicadas para sistemas silvipastoris Survival and initial growing of native tree seedlings in pastures of Central Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Melotto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste estudo, avaliar o índice de sobrevivência e o crescimento inicial de 11 espécies arbóreas nativas do Brasil central, plantadas diretamente em pastagem de Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, em Campo Grande, MS. O solo foi classificado como Latossolo Vermelho, argiloso e distrófico, onde foi implantado um arboreto com 16 parcelas compostas, cada uma, por um indivíduo das 11 espécies selecionadas, em blocos casualizados (DBC com quatro repetições. Os espaçamentos em campo foram de 10,0 x 4,0 m. Houve diferenças (P=0,05 entre as médias de sobrevivência das espécies estudadas, indicando influência do estágio sucessional da espécie. Os maiores índices foram de ocorrência nas seguintes espécies: ipê (Tabebuia impetiginosa, caroba (Jacaranda decurrens e da aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva. As mais altas taxas de crescimento relativo nos 12 meses avaliados foram alcançadas por chico-magro (Guazuma ulmifolia, caroba (J. cuspidifolia e canafístula (Peltophorum dubium. Houve diferença estatística (P=0,05 entre o crescimento das espécies de estágios sucessionais iniciais (pioneiras e as de estádios tardios, e tais diferenças acentuaram-se com a idade e com a estação chuvosa. Três espécies que obtiveram as melhores combinações dos acréscimos em altura, diâmetro do colo e sobrevivência foram aptas para o cultivo em pastagens na região dos Cerrados: chico-magro (G. ulmifolia, caroba (J. cuspidifolias e canafístula (P. dubium, sendo todas três de estágios sucessionais iniciais.This work aimed to evaluate the rate of survival and the initial development of eleven native tree species established in existing pastures of Brachiaria brizantha at the Beef Cattle Center (Campo Grande, MS. The soil is a dystrophic clay Dark- Red Latosoil. The seedlings were planted in 16 rows, with 10 m between rows and 4 m between plants in a row. It was used a completely randomized design with four replicates. Each row

  12. Impressionismo no Rio Grande do Sul: luz e sombras de Oscar Boeira = Impressionism in Rio Grande do Sul: light and shadows of Oscar Boeira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa, Fernanda Soares da

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho busca traçar a trajetória do pintor gaúcho Oscar Boeira (1883-1943 no campo das artes plásticas no Rio Grande do Sul. Importante artista de sua época possui os maiores expoentes de sua carreira inspirados pela arte impressionista. Com obras inovadoras traz um olhar diferenciado e sensível, de relevância, a ser compreendido e estudado. Seu caminho nas artes, suas pinturas de paisagem e retrato, bem como seus desenhos traçam aspectos da sociedade rio-grandense do início do século XX, período este em que ocorrem transformações socioeconômicas significativas para a sociedade gaúcha, sendo que a arte carrega grande influencia de sua época e de seus indivíduos. Vida e obra de Boeira são trazidas para melhor compreendermos sua arte e sua atuação nesse campo. Sua forma de ser e de ver o mundo influencia não só em suas produções, nos reflete peculiaridades desta figura importante para as artes plásticas do Rio Grande do Sul, que até hoje pouco estudado, merece um olhar mais aprofundado em seu legado.

  13. Co-pyrolsis of polyethylene waste with the Campos basin heavy oil; Co-pirolise de residuos de polietileno com gasoleo pesado da Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carneiro, Debora da S.; Marques, Monica R. da C. [Laboratorio de Tecnologia Ambiental, UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)], e-mail: monica@pesquisador.cnpq.br

    2011-07-01

    In this study, four mixtures of LDPE post consumer with heavy gas from the Campos Basin, in different proportions, were subjected to pyrolysis in an inert atmosphere at 550 deg C. The pyrolytic liquids were characterized by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Pyrolysis of pure diesel supplied large amounts of waste oil and only 4% in the range of diesel. On the other hand, the pyrolysis of LDPE mixture of diesel (at the ratio 1/0,5 m/m) provided 20% of light hydrocarbons with high production of pyrolytic oil (96%). The formation of high levels of paraffins and olefins in the range of diesel oil during the co-pyrolysis suggests a promising technology for recycling of plastic waste. (author)

  14. NUEVOS DESARROLLOS URBANÍSTICOS EN EL CAMPO DE MURCIA. IMPLICACIONES TERRITORIALES Y PLANEAMIENTO MUNICIPAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Aliaga Sola

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde las postrimerías del siglo XX, el municipio de Murcia ha venido experimentando grandes desarrollos urbanísticos. Mientras el núcleo urbano capitalino se consolida y extiende por sus huertas aledañas, grandes urbanizaciones periféricas asociadas o no a campos de golf, aparecen en su periferia, atestiguando nuevos modelos de crecimiento disperso y ciudad difusa. Una nueva visión del territorio y un nuevo modelo de desarrollo socioeconómico que en los albores del siglo XXI, traen para el área municipal de Murcia cambios en los usos del suelo y el paisaje. Como muestra de este particular fenómeno, en el presente trabajo se analizarán algunos de los proyectos urbanísticos que están dando lugar a nuevos espacios residenciales al Sur del término municipal, en la unidad espacial tradicionalmente conocida como .

  15. El campo petrolero Cantarell y la economía mexicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Romo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los grandes campos de petróleo han jugado un papel fundamental como aporte de hidrocarburos en el mundo, pero la mayoría de ellos está en proceso de declinación. El macro yacimiento Cantarell ha sido el origen de importantes volúmenes de hidrocarburos y grandes beneficios para el país, pero a partir de 2004 inició su proceso de declinación que ha afectado la plataforma de producción de petróleo. Esta investigación estudia el conjunto de elementos que han incidido sobre el desempeño de ese macro yacimiento, los cuales son fundamentales para explicar su situación actual. Se concluye que la administración de Cantarell no fue la óptima durante los tres periodos característicos identificados, toda vez que se sujetó a determinaciones no técnicas, que incidieron en su declinación y en la serie de retos que está enfrentando, mismos que a su vez, podrían atenuarse con el empleo de tecnología.

  16. Warped Supersymmetric Grand Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Goldberger, W D; Smith, D R; Goldberger, Walter D.; Nomura, Yasunori; Smith, David R.

    2003-01-01

    We construct a realistic model of grand unification in AdS_5 truncated by branes, in which the unified gauge symmetry is broken by boundary conditions and the electroweak scale is generated by the AdS warp factor. We show that the model preserves the successful gauge coupling unification of the 4D MSSM at leading-logarithmic level. Kaluza-Klein towers, including those of XY gauge and colored Higgs multiplets, appear at the TeV scale, while the extra dimension provides natural mechanisms for doublet-triplet splitting and proton decay suppression. In one possible scenario supersymmetry is strongly broken on the TeV brane, in which case the lightest SU(3)_C x SU(2)_L x U(1)_Y gauginos are Dirac fermions, with universal masses at the weak scale, and the mass of the lightest XY gaugino is pushed well below that of the lowest gauge boson KK mode, improving the prospects for its production at the LHC. The bulk Lagrangian possesses a symmetry that we call GUT parity. If GUT parity is exact, the lightest GUT particle,...

  17. Grand slam on cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartrell, Nanette

    2014-01-01

    A winner of 59 Grand Slam championships including a record 9 Wimbledon singles titles, Martina Navratilova is the most successful woman tennis player of the modern era. Martina was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, named "Tour Player of the Year" seven times by the Women's Tennis Association, declared "Female Athlete of the Year" by the Associated Press, and ranked one of the "Top Forty Athletes of All-Time" by Sports Illustrated. Equally accomplished off the court, Martina is an author, philanthropist, TV commentator, and activist who has dedicated her life to educating people about prejudice and stereotypes. After coming out as a lesbian in 1981, Martina became a tireless advocate of equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, and she has contributed generously to the LGBT community. Martina is the author of seven books, including most recently Shape Your Self: My 6-Step Diet and Fitness Plan to Achieve the Best Shape of your Life, an inspiring guide to healthy living and personal fitness. Martina was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2010. PMID:24400624

  18. Grand unified models and cosmology

    OpenAIRE

    Jeannerot, Rachel

    2006-01-01

    The cosmological consequences of particle physics grand unified theories (GUTs) are studied. Cosmological models are implemented in realistic particle physics models. Models consistent from both particle physics and cosmological considerations are selected. (...)

  19. Impressionismo no Rio Grande do Sul: luz e sombras de Oscar Boeira = Impressionism in Rio Grande do Sul: light and shadows of Oscar Boeira

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa, Fernanda Soares da

    2014-01-01

    Este trabalho busca traçar a trajetória do pintor gaúcho Oscar Boeira (1883-1943) no campo das artes plásticas no Rio Grande do Sul. Importante artista de sua época possui os maiores expoentes de sua carreira inspirados pela arte impressionista. Com obras inovadoras traz um olhar diferenciado e sensível, de relevância, a ser compreendido e estudado. Seu caminho nas artes, suas pinturas de paisagem e retrato, bem como seus desenhos traçam aspectos da sociedade rio-grandense do início do século...

  20. 75 FR 37308 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Grand River, Grand Haven, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 117 Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Grand River, Grand Haven, MI AGENCY....S. 31 Bridge at Mile 2.89 over the Grand River, at Grand Haven, MI. This deviation temporarily... of Grand Haven, MI, requested a temporary deviation from the current operating regulations set...

  1. Carbonaceous aerosol particles from common vegetation in the Grand Canyon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hallock, K.A.; Mazurek, M.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Cass, G.R. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). Dept. of Environmental Engineering Science

    1992-05-01

    The problem of visibility reduction in the Grand Canyon due to fine organic aerosol particles in the atmosphere has become an area of increased environmental concern. Aerosol particles can be derived from many emission sources. In this report, we focus on identifying organic aerosols derived from common vegetation in the Grand Canyon. These aerosols are expected to be significant contributors to the total atmospheric organic aerosol content. Aerosol samples from living vegetation were collected by resuspension of surface wax and resin components liberated from the leaves of vegetation common to areas of the Grand Canyon. The samples were analyzed using high-resolution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Probable identification of compounds was made by comparison of sample spectra with National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) mass spectral references and positive identification of compounds was made when possible by comparison with authentic standards as well as NIST references. Using these references, we have been able to positively identify the presence of n-alkane and n-alkanoic acid homolog series in the surface waxes of the vegetation sampled. Several monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and diterpenes were identified also as possible biogenic aerosols which may contribute to the total organic aerosol abundance leading to visibility reduction in the Grand Canyon.

  2. Carbonaceous aerosol particles from common vegetation in the Grand Canyon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of visibility reduction in the Grand Canyon due to fine organic aerosol particles in the atmosphere has become an area of increased environmental concern. Aerosol particles can be derived from many emission sources. In this report, we focus on identifying organic aerosols derived from common vegetation in the Grand Canyon. These aerosols are expected to be significant contributors to the total atmospheric organic aerosol content. Aerosol samples from living vegetation were collected by resuspension of surface wax and resin components liberated from the leaves of vegetation common to areas of the Grand Canyon. The samples were analyzed using high-resolution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Probable identification of compounds was made by comparison of sample spectra with National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) mass spectral references and positive identification of compounds was made when possible by comparison with authentic standards as well as NIST references. Using these references, we have been able to positively identify the presence of n-alkane and n-alkanoic acid homolog series in the surface waxes of the vegetation sampled. Several monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and diterpenes were identified also as possible biogenic aerosols which may contribute to the total organic aerosol abundance leading to visibility reduction in the Grand Canyon

  3. Endometriose pélvica: comparação entre imagens por ressonância magnética de baixo campo (0,2 T e alto campo (1,5 T Pelvic endometriosis: a comparison between low-field (0.2 T and high-field (1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Minaif

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar a ressonância de baixo campo (0,2 T com a de alto campo (1,5 T na avaliação da endometriose pélvica e adenomiose. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram estudadas, prospectivamente, 27 pacientes do sexo feminino com suspeita clínica de endometriose, realizando-se exames de ressonância magnética de alto campo e baixo campo. Um mesmo radiologista realizou a leitura dos exames, iniciando pelo baixo campo, seguido pelo alto campo, usando como padrão-ouro o alto campo. RESULTADOS: Das 27 pacientes estudadas, 18 (66,7% apresentaram alguma lesão indicativa de endometriose nos exames realizados no alto campo. Foram corretamente diagnosticados pelo baixo campo 14 destas pacientes. Endometriomas, lesões tubárias e focos de endometriose maiores do que 7 mm identificados pelo alto campo foram também identificados no baixo campo, com acurácia, sensibilidade e especificidade de 100%. Das nove pacientes com adenomiose caracterizadas pelo alto campo, oito foram corretamente identificadas pelo baixo campo, com acurácia, sensibilidade e especificidade de 88,9%. CONCLUSÃO: A ressonância de baixo campo apresentou baixa sensibilidade na detecção de pequenos focos de endometriose, alta sensibilidade na detecção de endometriomas e focos de endometriose grandes, e boa acurácia na detecção da adenomiose quando comparada com a ressonância de alto campo.OBJECTIVE: To compare low-field (0.2 T with high-field (1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging in the assessment of pelvic endometriosis and adenomyosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven female patients with clinically suspected endometriosis were prospectively evaluated by means of high-field and low-field magnetic resonance imaging. The reading of the images was performed by a single radiologist, initiating by the low-field, followed by the high-field images. High-field magnetic resonance imaging was utilized as the golden-standard. RESULTS: Among the 27 patients included in the present study

  4. Uma Análise da Copa das Confederações de Futebol da Fifa 2013 sob a Luz da Teoria dos Campos de Pierre Bourdieu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izac de Oliveira Belino Bonfim

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil passa por um momento de grande repercussão internacional, sendo considerado um país emergente e com uma economia em crescimento transcendendo para um desenvolvimento para vários setores. Com essa exposição midiática conseguiu captar uma série de eventos internacionais, entre eles eventos esportivos e consequentemente ampliando o segmento do turismo no mesmo setor, como por exemplo, a Copa das Confederações da FIFA. Através da teoria dos campos de Pierre Bourdieu, utiliza-se para investigar o campo esportivo a qual está inserido todo o espetáculo esportivo futebolístico, realizando reflexões através do jogo de interesse e disputas dentro de um viés economicista.DOI: 10.5585/podium.v2i2.46

  5. Comunicação e sociedade : mediatização jornalística do campo da saúde [2012

    OpenAIRE

    Universidade do Minho. Instituto de Ciências Sociais. Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade

    2012-01-01

    A referência teorico-metodológica de enquadramento desta publicação é o campo da Comunicação na Saúde. Trata-se de uma área de investigação, integrada nas Ciências da Comunicação, que emergiu nos anos 80 e que se preocupa com a influência da comunicação humana mediada na prestação e promoção de cuidados de saúde às populações. Este é um campo científico extremamente vasto, que inclui o estudo de diferentes níveis e canais de comunicação, aplicados a uma grande variedade de contextos socia...

  6. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Make a donation Search v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? ... Stay Informed About the Society Vision Careers Leadership Cultural Values Financials News Press Room MS Prevalence Charitable ...

  7. Abordagens e representação do campo comunicacional

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Martino

    2008-01-01

    O que devemos entender pela expressão campo comunicacional? O presente texto apresenta e discute as principais formas de abordar a questão da representação de nosso domínio de estudo. Analisa a substituição da expressão “ciência da comunicação” por “campo comunicacional”, propondo um exame crítico dessas representações. Palavras-chave: Campo da comunicação; epistemologia da comunicação; teoria da comunicação. Abstract What we must understand by comunicacional field? This paper ...

  8. Psicología y salud ocupacional, un nuevo campo

    OpenAIRE

    Guerrero, Juan

    2012-01-01

    La presencia del campo de la Salud Ocupacional en la historia del Departamento de Psicología en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia es reciente. Surgió de la instauración simultánea, en 1986, de un Seminario de Profundización sobre "Salud Mental y Trabajo" y de dos semestres de Practica Investigativa en Salud Ocupacional. Posteriormente, con el replanteamiento del Plan de Estudios de Pregrado de Psicología en 1991, se funda un espacio para un Seminario de Nuevo Campo en "Psicología y Salud Oc...

  9. Giving a grand rounds presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Laura J; Portenoy, Russell

    2010-12-01

    Giving a Grand Rounds presentation provides the hospice and palliative medicine subspecialist with the occasion to participate in a time-honored and respected event. It remains an opportunity to promote the discipline, support institutional culture change, and favorably influence the attitudes, knowledge, skills, and performance of colleagues. For those pursuing academic careers, it also is a chance to establish academic currency and develop teaching and presentation skills. In most academic settings, the format of Grand Rounds has shifted over time from a patient and problem-based discussion to a didactic, topic-focused lecture. A body of literature questions the value of this shift toward a more passive learner. Limited evidence prevents a definitive answer but many advocate for the integration of more interactive methods to improve the effectiveness of Grand Rounds. This article provides a flexible framework to guide those preparing to give a Grand Rounds and those teaching and supporting others to do so. To do this well, adult learning principles must be thoughtfully incorporated into a presentation style and method appropriate to the venue. The approach emphasizes learner-centeredness, interactive strategies, and evaluation. Room for creativity exists at every step and can add enjoyment and challenge along the way. PMID:21155643

  10. Introduction to grand unification theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Georgi-Glashow model is introduced based on the minimal gauge group SU(5) as a prototype grand unification theory of the electroweak and strong interactions. Simple estimation of sin2 theta/sub W/ in the symmetry limit and the renormalization corrections at the energy scale of M/sub W/ are given along with other successes of the SU(5) model

  11. Grand Unification without Proton Decay

    CERN Document Server

    Mütter, Andreas; Vaudrevange, Patrick K S

    2016-01-01

    It is commonly believed that grand unified theories (GUTs) predict proton decay. This is because the exchange of extra GUT gauge bosons gives rise to dimension 6 proton decay operators. We show that there exists a class of GUTs in which these operators are absent. Many string and supergravity models in the literature belong to this class.

  12. Designing a Virtual Grand Tour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Per Skafte

    2004-01-01

    The Virtual Grand Tour (VGT) is a paradigm for integrating a presentation of an overview of a larger subject with the possibility of launching at any time an exploratory study of a given sub-topic. The name derives from the paradigm's emulation of those 18th-century travels intended to educate (especially) young, affluent British men; today, with…

  13. 78 FR 39998 - Safety Zone; Grand Haven 4th of July Fireworks; Grand River; Grand Haven, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    ...-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Grand Haven 4th of July Fireworks; Grand River; Grand Haven, MI AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Temporary final rule. SUMMARY: The Coast...

  14. Agricultura periurbana, parques naturales agrarios y mercados agropecuarios locales: una respuesta territorial y productiva a la subordinación del campo a la ciudad

    OpenAIRE

    Segrelles Serrano, José Antonio

    2015-01-01

    La tradicional subordinación del campo a la ciudad ha cobrado una intensidad inusitada durante los últimos decenios debido a la creciente expansión urbana ejercida de manera fundamental por las grandes y medianas áreas metropolitanas. Los territorios periurbanos son los que más sufren el impacto negativo de la presión de las funciones urbanas, creando tensiones y conflictos que terminan por marginar a la agricultura familiar que aquí se desarrolla. La agricultura periurbana ha sido capaz a lo...

  15. Nuevos horizontes de diálogo para el modelo de Investigación-Acción en el campo de la educación

    OpenAIRE

    Víctor Manuel Mendoza Martínez

    2003-01-01

    El tema del presente trabajo gira en torno de los modelos de investigación-acción, su desarrollo, las finalidades que han tenido y su prospectiva, manteniendo como hipótesis la responsabilidad ética, no perdida aún, que sostiene que la investigación científica debe estar al servicio de las grandes necesidades humanas. El marco de trabajo se construye y presenta con base en los campos de la ética, de la epistemología y de la metodología, considerando que uno de sus principales prob...

  16. TRABALHO DE CAMPO NO VALE DO JEQUITINHONHA: UMA POSSIBILIDADE DE APROXIMAÇÃO DA REALIDADE DO CAMPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Almeida Martins

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto é fruto da experiência que tivemos na visita de campo ao Vale do Jequitinhonha(MG, lugar de referência e atuação de três educandos do curso de Licenciatura do Campo – Pedagogia da Terra –, integrantes da turma iniciada em dezembro de 2005, na Faculdade de Educação da UFMG. Essa turma marcou o início de nossas reflexões e nossa prática,com a formação e o ensino da Área de Ciências Sociais e Humanidades para professores que atuarão na educação do/no campo. Os relatos, as análises e as aproximações com os saberes e fazeres do campo apresentados aqui resultam das observações e do acompanhamento realizados nos locais de estágio dos referidos educandos. Estes residem 16TRABALHO DE CAMPO NO VALE DO JEQUITINHONHA: Revista Geografares, n° 8, 2010UMA POSSIBILIDADE DE APROXIMAÇÃO DA REALIDADE DO CAMPOnas cidades de Rio Pardo de Minas, Jequitinhonha e Almenara, mas suas práticas se realizam no campo, relacionada, respectivamente, à atuação do Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Rio Pardo de Minas; do Centro de Agricultura Alternativa (CAA; da Caritas Diocesana, sediada em Jequitinhonha; e do Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST, em Jequitinhonha e Almenara.

  17. Unpacking the grand challenges of nanotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    Lente, H. van; Bos, C

    2012-01-01

    Important societal themes, such as sustainability or the ageing society, are referred to as 'grand challenges'. During the last decade, many funding programs were set up to address these and other grand challenges. While grand challenges have a moral component – it is difficult to contest that it is 'good' to address them – they do not convey clear-cut goals for action. When they are related to the actual development of new technologies, grand challenges are articulated in different ways. Art...

  18. Análise da profilaxia da raiva humana em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, em 2002 Human rabies prophylaxis in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Rigo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A instituição de um tratamento adequado, a rapidez na observação do animal e no repasse de informações dão qualidade à vigilância epidemiológica em caso de agressão animal. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo avaliar a vigilância da raiva e a utilização de um sistema informatizado nesse processo. Foram avaliados 4.168 acidentes com animais. As lesões foram consideradas graves em 65,9% das agressões. Os cães foram responsáveis por 87,6% destas, os gatos por 10,5% e os morcegos por 0,6%. Foram analisados dois locais de registro dos tratamentos. De acordo com a ficha anti-rábica, 41,9% dos tratamentos indicados estavam corretos; nos casos com resultado negativo da observação, 7,4% tiveram um tratamento adequado. De acordo com o programa de vacinação, 42,2% dos tratamentos indicados estavam corretos; nos casos com resultado negativo da observação, 3,2% tiveram um tratamento adequado. Concluiu-se que deve haver uma melhora na indicação e no registro dos tratamentos, bem como na busca dos faltosos, para que ocorra uma melhora na qualidade do serviço oferecido e evite-se um incidente mais grave com uma pessoa vítima de agressão animal.Timely application of adequate treatment, speedy and thorough observation of animals, and streamlined information transfer provide quality rabies epidemiological surveillance in cases of attacks by animals. This study aims to evaluate rabies surveillance and the use of a computerized system in the surveillance process. A total of 4,168 attacks by animals were analyzed. The injuries were considered severe in 65.9% of cases. Dogs accounted for 87.6% of the severe cases, cats 10.5%, and bats 0.6%. Two treatment recording sites were analyzed. According to the rabies treatment record sheet, 41.9% of the treatments were adequate; in cases with negative observation, 7.4% showed adequate treatment. According to the vaccination program, 42.2% of the prescribed treatments were correct; in cases with negative observation, 3.2% received adequate treatment. The study concluded that there should be improved prescribing and recording of treatment, as well as a search for missing cases, in order to improve the quality of the services and avoid more severe outcomes from animal attacks.

  19. 33 CFR 100.906 - Grand Haven Coast Guard Festival Waterski Show, Grand Haven, MI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Grand Haven Coast Guard Festival Waterski Show, Grand Haven, MI. 100.906 Section 100.906 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD... Grand Haven Coast Guard Festival Waterski Show, Grand Haven, MI. (a) Regulated Area. All waters of...

  20. Anomalías del campo gravitatorio y magnético terrestre en la sierra de Socoscora, provincia de San Luis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Kostadinoff

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available La sierra de Socoscora se ubica en forma meridiana y se manifiesta como un escalón al noroeste de la Sierra Grande de San Luis. En la sierra de Socoscora las rocas del basamento están representadas por metamorfitas de alto grado con escasos afloramientos de metabasitas. Las mediciones del campo gravitatorio y magnético indican la presencia de un volumen mayor de estas rocas en su subsuelo. Los excesos de masa en esta sierra se hallan definidas por anomalías gravimétricas de Bouguer (residuales positivas similares a las encontradas en la Sierra Grande de San Luis. La magnetometría indica, a partir de las respuestas positivas, la existencia de rocas máficas con concentraciones anómalas de minerales magnéticos.

  1. El trabajo de campo como proceso. La "etnografía colaborativa" como perspectiva analítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Katzer

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo contiene una serie de reflexiones elaboradas al poner en diálogo experiencias de campo en el marco de investigaciones individuales; una, con indígenas adscriptos como Huarpes, en el noreste de la provincia de Mendoza; la otra, con indígenas adscriptos como Qom. Éstas reflexiones intentan contribuir a desnaturalizar y visibilizar la complejidad de los contextos de interacción, considerando que abarcan distintas dimensiones y aspectos —tales como posición de los interlocutores en la estructura social, expectativas individuales, experiencias y relaciones previas de los sujetos, y recursos materiales y simbólicos en intermediación—, enfatizando así el carácter situacional y dinámico de esas relaciones de interlocución.A la luz de los actuales debates de la crítica cultural y en un intento por contribuir a los estudios de la Etnografía Colaborativa, el objetivo de este artículo es exponer y describir comparativamente lo que entendemos como performances de campo, situando como objeto de análisis la experiencia etnográfica en sí misma. Entendiendo el trabajo etnográfico como proceso y texto, identificamos tres grandes nudos críticos, reunidos en tres escenas etnográficas, que analizamos como una red multisituada de mediaciones e interrelaciones.

  2. Results from KASCADE-Grande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertaina, M., E-mail: bertaina@to.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica Generale dell' Universita, Torino (Italy); Apel, W.D. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, KIT - Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Arteaga-Velazquez, J.C. [Universidad Michoacana, Instituto de Fisica y Matematicas, Morelia (Mexico); Bekk, K. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, KIT - Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Bluemer, J. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, KIT - Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Institut fuer Experimentelle Kernphysik, KIT - Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Bozdog, H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, KIT - Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Brancus, I.M. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Buchholz, P. [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Siegen (Germany); Cantoni, E. [Dipartimento di Fisica Generale dell' Universita, Torino (Italy); Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario, INAF Torino (Italy); Chiavassa, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica Generale dell' Universita, Torino (Italy); Cossavella, F. [Institut fuer Experimentelle Kernphysik, KIT - Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); and others

    2012-11-11

    The KASCADE-Grande experiment, located at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany) is a multi-component extensive air-shower experiment devoted to the study of cosmic rays and their interactions at primary energies 10{sup 14}-10{sup 18} eV. Main goals of the experiment are the measurement of the all-particle energy spectrum and mass composition in the 10{sup 16}-10{sup 18} eV range by sampling charged (N{sub ch}) and muon (N{sub {mu}}) components of the air shower. The method to derive the energy spectrum and its uncertainties, as well as the implications of the obtained result, is discussed. An overview of the analyses performed by KASCADE-Grande to derive the mass composition of the measured high-energy comic rays is presented as well.

  3. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? Multiple Sclerosis FAQs Types ... themselves. During these inflammatory attacks, activated immune cells cause small, localized areas of damage which produce the ...

  4. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Make a donation Search v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? ... as well as worsening (a confirmed increase in disability over a specified period of time following a ...

  5. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Make a donation Search v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? ... only partially disappear, resulting in an increase in disability. New lesions on MRI, ... (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive ...

  6. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Make a donation Search v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? ... a different mechanism of action in order to control the disease activity more effectively and help prevent ...

  7. HAROLDO DE CAMPOS: RECORRIDO POR SUS TEXTOS TEÓRICOS SOBRE TRADUCCIÓN Y ESTADO DE TRADUCCIÓN AL CASTELLANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Lázaro

    2012-10-01

    et traducteur brésilien théorisé largement sur ​​la traduction à partir de la pensée de Walter Benjamin, Ezra Pound et Roman Jakobson, des auteurs sur lesquels il revient continuellement dans ses textes. Dispersés dans des publications diverese, ces essais développent une pensée radicale sur la théorie et les travaux de traduction, basée sur le néologisme «transcriação" [transcréation]. Cette «poétique de la traduction», malgré son importance, n'a pas été suffisamment diffusées dans le milieu hispanophone. Cet article propose une lecture des grands textes sur la traduction Haroldo de Campos les situant dans l'ensemble de son oeuvre théorique et présente leur «état de traduction» en espagnol. Mots clé : Haroldo de Campos, Théories de la traduction, Transcriação.

  8. 75 FR 8986 - Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Campo Regional Landfill...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... the project proposes to use alternative landfill design and cover, it requires a site-specific... Regional Landfill Project on the Campo Indian Reservation, San Diego County, CA AGENCY: Bureau of Indian... sublease for the proposed Campo Regional Landfill Project (proposed action) on the Campo Indian...

  9. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Navigation National Multiple Sclerosis Society Sign In In Your Area Donate Make a donation Search v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? Multiple Sclerosis FAQs Types of MS Related Conditions Symptoms & Diagnosis MS Symptoms ...

  10. Fitossociologia de trechos da vegetação do Complexo de Campo Maior, Campo Maior, PI, Brasil Phytosociology in parts of vegetation from Campo Maior Complex in Campo Maior Municipality, Piauí State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ruth Raquel Soares de Farias; Antonio Alberto Jorge Farias Castro

    2004-01-01

    Com o objetivo de contribuir para o conhecimento da fitofisionomia de transição de uma área no município de Campo Maior, recoberto pela vegetação denominada Complexo de Campo Maior, utilizou-se o método de quadrantes, considerando todos os indivíduos lenhosos incluídos cipós, com diâmetro do caule ao nível do solo (DNS) > 3cm. Foram alocados 100 pontos em cada área, Alto do Comandante e Baixão da Cobra, situadas na Fazenda Lourdes. Amostrou-se 46 espécies na primeira área e 44 na segunda, tot...

  11. Augusto de Campos as translator of Emily Dickinson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Maria Alves Lourenço

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at analysing the translation of two poems by Emily Dickinson (1830-1886 carried out by Augusto de Campos (1931 and published in 2008 inthe collected writings Emily Dickinson: Não sou ninguém [“Emily Dickinson: I’m nobody”]. Firstly, some elements of Dickinson’s poetic shall be set forth, relying on Gilbert and Gubar (1984, Donoghue (1969, Sewall (1963, and Daghlian (1987. Afterwards, Augusto de Campos’ figure as a poet and translator shall be highlighted, emphasizing his comments on translation as to understand his translation practice (Campos, 2004; 2006; 2008. Finally, Augusto de Campos’ translation of two poems by Dickinson shall be analysed as to identify the relationship between translator’s theory and the practice. This rather discursive analysis, besides the syntactic and formal plan, endeavors to focus on the textual semantic layer, with no intentions to deploy any prescriptive judgments.

  12. El campo de la economía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Misas Arango

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo examina el funcionamiento del campo de la economía, entendido como el espacio de producción simbólica de conocimientos económicos y las redes de distribución de esos conocimientos; analiza pues las relaciones entre los agentes productores y las instituciones involucradas. La economía es un campo científico con débil autonomía, debido a su profunda inserción en las relaciones sociales, y sufre fuertes presiones de fuerzas externas para problematizar unos temas e ignorar otros. Como resultado, la ciencia económica es una construcción social de una construcción social.

  13. Relações de Trabalho no Campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moema Miranda de Siqueira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de um modelo de análise de Relações de Trabalho, este estudo pretende identificar características do trabalho no campo, no Brasil, e as tendências para o trabalho feminino no futuro próximo.  A escolha do setor justifica-se por sua representatividade e especificidade no conjunto da força de trabalho brasileira e a segmentação por gênero pela participação, historicamente, de menores oportunidades do grupo feminino. Para aprofundar alguns pressupostos baseados em estatísticas macroeconômicas, foi realizado um levantamento junto a um grupo de trabalhadoras do campo, de um pequeno município de região cafeicultora do sul de Minas Gerais.

  14. Quality of coffee cultivated in Campos Gerais, Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Polyanna Alves Silva; Maria Goreti de Oliveira; Poliana de Oliveira Coelho; Juliana Aparecida Candido da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Coffee quality can be defined as a set of physical, chemical, sensory and safety attributes that meet consumer taste preferences. Coffea arabica is the most cultivated species, accounting for 70% national and world production of coffee. The present study analyzed 6 coffee samples from 6 different regions in the municipality of Campos Gerais, subjected to the treatments raw and roasted, in order to assess their physical and chemical quality based on the parameters of titratable acidity, pH, mo...

  15. Comparison of Proteins in Whole Blood and Dried Blood Spot Samples by LC/MS/MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, Andrew G.; Percy, Andrew J.; Hardie, Darryl B.; Borchers, Christoph H.

    2013-09-01

    Dried blood spot (DBS) sampling methods are desirable for population-wide biomarker screening programs because of their ease of collection, transportation, and storage. Immunoassays are traditionally used to quantify endogenous proteins in these samples but require a separate assay for each protein. Recently, targeted mass spectrometry (MS) has been proposed for generating highly-multiplexed assays for biomarker proteins in DBS samples. In this work, we report the first comparison of proteins in whole blood and DBS samples using an untargeted MS approach. The average number of proteins identified in undepleted whole blood and DBS samples by liquid chromatography (LC)/MS/MS was 223 and 253, respectively. Protein identification repeatability was between 77 %-92 % within replicates and the majority of these repeated proteins (70 %) were observed in both sample formats. Proteins exclusively identified in the liquid or dried fluid spot format were unbiased based on their molecular weight, isoelectric point, aliphatic index, and grand average hydrophobicity. In addition, we extended this comparison to include proteins in matching plasma and serum samples with their dried fluid spot equivalents, dried plasma spot (DPS), and dried serum spot (DSS). This work begins to define the accessibility of endogenous proteins in dried fluid spot samples for analysis by MS and is useful in evaluating the scope of this new approach.

  16. Macrorrealismo fenomenológico e campos-experiência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Schaeffer

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo critica a concepção predominante, representacionista-neurofisicalista sobre a percepção sensorial. Introduz a noção de "campo-experiência" na tentativa de tratamento ontológico dos dados fenomenológicos da experiência. A idéia geral é que a experiência visual, por exemplo, seria ontologicamente algo assim como um campo-experiência de intencionalidade visual, que se estende por sobre e entre o sistema nervoso central do sujeito da experiência e o objeto distai da visão. Chamo esta posição de macrorrealismo fenomenológico, em contraste com o microrrealismo científico. Qualidades da fenomenalidade não estão subjetivamente dentro do cérebro, mas objetivamente dentro de campos-experiência perceptuais extra-encefálicos, ou, como dizemos, lá fora no mundo. Algumas conseqüências específicas do macrorrealismo fenomenológico são apresentadas.

  17. Helping enhances productivity in campo flicker ( Colaptes campestris) cooperative groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Raphael Igor; Webster, Michael S.; Macedo, Regina H.

    2015-06-01

    Reproductive adults in many bird species are assisted by non-breeding auxiliary helpers at the nest, yet the impact of auxiliaries on reproduction is variable and not always obvious. In this study, we tested Hamilton's rule and evaluated the effect of auxiliaries on productivity in the facultative cooperative breeder campo flicker ( Colaptes campestris campestris). Campo flickers have a variable mating system, with some groups having auxiliaries and others lacking them (i.e., unassisted pairs). Most auxiliaries are closely related to the breeding pair (primary auxiliaries), but some auxiliaries (secondary auxiliaries) are unrelated females that joined established groups. We found no effect of breeder quality (body condition) or territory quality (food availability) on group productivity, but the presence of auxiliaries increased the number of fledglings produced relative to unassisted pairs. Nonetheless, the indirect benefit of helping was small and did not outweigh the costs of delayed breeding and so seemed insufficient to explain the evolution of cooperative breeding in campo flickers. We concluded that some ecological constraints must limit dispersal or independent breeding, making staying in the group a "best-of-a-bad-job" situation for auxiliaries.

  18. O mato & o asfalto: Campos da Antropologia no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariza Corrêa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo é um breve apanhado sobre o campo da antropologia no Brasil. Feito originalmente para leitores estrangeiros, pareceu-me melhor deixá-lo como estava a atualizá-lo, na expectativa de que possa ser útil para jovens iniciantes nesse campo, já que o texto refere algumas instituições importantes para a sua formação nos últimos anos — como os programas de pós-graduação e a Associação Brasileira de Antropologia (ABA, e seus temas de pesquisa. Propõe-se aqui também que não apenas a interdisciplinaridade, bastante praticada hoje, mas também relações transversais ao próprio campo da antropologia são desejáveis — isto é, que os antropólogos “urbanos” levem em conta o que dizem os etnólogos, que estes dialoguem com os estudos de gênero etc. De todo modo, a bibliografia incluída ainda é, e continuará a sê-lo por um bom tempo, leitura necessária para pesquisadores que se interessem pela história da antropologia.

  19. Status report on project GRAND

    CERN Document Server

    Poirier, J; Fidler, E; Gress, J; Herrera, M; Hemphill, P; Swartzendruber, C

    2008-01-01

    GRAND is an array of position sensitive proportional wire chambers (PWCs) located at 86.2 degrees W, 41.7 degrees N at an elevation of 220 m adjacent to the campus of the University of Notre Dame with 82 square meters of total muon detector area. The geometry of the PWCs allows the angles of the charged secondary muon tracks to be measured to +/- 0.3 deg in each of two orthogonal planes. Muons are 99% differentiated from electrons by means of a 51 mm steel plate in each detector.

  20. Graafikatriennaali grand prix Korea kunstnikule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tallinna XI graafikatriennaali rahvusvaheline žürii andis grand prix korea kunstnikule Chung¡Sang-Gonile, kolm võrdset preemiat - soome kunstnikele Anita Jensenile ja Tapani Mikkonenile ning jaapani kunstnikule Estuko Obatale. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi preemia - Wendy Swallow. Tallinna linna preemia ja Ivar Luki sponsoripreemia - Walter Jule. Sponsoripreemiad : Paletti Eesti AS preemia - Inga Heamägi; Rannila Profiili preemia - Mojca Zlokarnik; UNDP preemia - Andrea Juan. Rotermanni soolalao arhitektuuri- ja kunstikeskuse diplom - Lis Ingram, Heli Päivikki Kurunsaari, Randi Strand, Wendy Swallow

  1. GRANDE SERTÃO: Cordilleras

    OpenAIRE

    Bairon Oswaldo Vélez Escallón

    2012-01-01

    Grande Sertão: Veredas (1956) y Pedro Páramo (1955) crean, en la misma instancia que interrumpen, figuraciones totalizadoras del ser y del mundo: así operan sus ficciones. Esa participación encuentra su máxima paradoja en la apropiación que, sobre esas obras, ha ejercido la crítica latinoamericana: como precursoras de obras posteriores o como consolidaciones de una literatura latinoamericana madura. ¿Esas obras aceptan sin tensiones o resistencias esa filiación? Este trabajo explora estos ...

  2. Standard grand unification from superstrings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent developments about the construction of standard SO(10) and SU(5) grand unified theories from 4-dimensional superstrings are presented. Explicit techniques involving higher level affine Lie algebras, for obtaining such stringGUTs from symmetric orbifolds are discussed. Special emphasis is put on the different constraints and selection rules for model building in this string framework, trying to disentangle those which are generic from those depending on the orbifold construction proposed. Some phenomenological implications from such constraints are briefly discussed. (author). 14 refs, 2 tabs

  3. Grand Challenges of Enterprise Integration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brosey, W.D; Neal, R.E.; Marks, D.

    2001-04-01

    Enterprise Integration connects and combines people, processes, systems, and technologies to ensure that the right people and the right processes have the right information and the right resources at the right time. A consensus roadmap for Technologies for Enterprise Integration was created as part of an industry/government/academia partnership in the Integrated Manufacturing Technology Initiative (IMTI). Two of the grand challenges identified by the roadmapping effort will be addressed here--Customer Responsive Enterprises and Totally Connected Enterprises. Each of these challenges is briefly discussed as to the current state of industry and the future vision as developed in the roadmap.

  4. Grand Gauge-Higgs Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Kojima, Kentaro; Yamashita, Toshifumi

    2011-01-01

    We propose a novel way to break grand unified gauge symmetries via the Hosotani mechanism in models that can accommodate chiral fermions. Adjoint scalar fields are realized through the so-called diagonal embedding method which is often used in the heterotic string theory. We calculate the one-loop effective potential of the adjoint scalar field in a five dimensional model compactified on an S^1/Z_2 orbifold, as an illustration. It turns out that the potential is basically the same as the one in an S^1 model, and thus the results in literatures, in addition to the chiral fermions, can be realized easily.

  5. Sistemas Correctores de Campo Para EL Telescopio Cassegrain IAC80

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galan, M. J.; Cobos, F. J.

    1987-05-01

    El proyecto de instrumentación de mayor importancia que ha tenido el Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias en los últimos afios ha sido el diseflo y construcción del te1escopio IAC8O. Este requería del esfuerzo con junto en mec´nica, óptica y electrónica, lo que facilitó la estructuración y el crecimiento de los respectivos grupos de trabajo, que posteriormente se integraron en departamentos En su origen (1977), el telescopio IAC80 fue concebido como un sistema clásico tipo Cassegrain, con una razón focal F/i 1.3 para el sistema Casse grain y una razón focal F/20 para el sistema Coudé. Posteriormente, aunque se mantuvo la filosofia de que el sistema básico fuera el F/11.3, se consideró conveniente el diseño de secundarios para razones focales F/16 y F/32, y se eliminó el de F/20. Sin embargo, dada la importancia relativa que un foco estrictamente fotográfico tiene en un telescopio moderno, diseñado básicamente para fotometría fotoeléctrica y con un campo util mínimamente de 40 minutos de arco, se decídió Ilevar a cabo el diseño de un secundario F/8 con un sistema corrector de campo, pero que estuviera formado únicamente por lentes con superficies esféricas para que asl su construcción fuera posible en España ó en México. La creciente utilización de detectores bidimensionales para fines de investigación astron6mica y la viabilidad de que en un futuro cercano éstos tengan un área sensible cada vez mayor, hicieron atractiva la idea de tener diseñado un sistema corrector de campo para el foco primario (F/3), con un campo útil mínimo de un grado, y también con la limitante de que sus componentes tuvieron sólamente supérficies esféricas. Ambos diseños de los sis-temas correctores de campo se llevaron a cabo, en gran medida, como parte de un proyecto de colaboración e intercambio en el área de diseño y evaluación de sistemas ópticos.

  6. Supersymmetry and Supergravity: Phenomenology and Grand Unification

    OpenAIRE

    Arnowitt, R.; Nath, Pran

    1993-01-01

    A survey is given of supersymmetry and supergravity and their phenomenology. Some of the topics discussed are the basic ideas of global supersymmetry, the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and its phenomenology, the basic ideas of local supersymmetry (supergravity), grand unification, supersymmetry breaking in supergravity grand unified models, radiative breaking of $SU(2) \\times U(1)$, proton decay, cosmological constraints, and predictions of supergravity grand unified models. Wh...

  7. Jurassic micropaleontology of the Grand Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Gradstein, F.

    2008-01-01

    Jurassic foraminifera in the marine deposits (up to 3km thick) of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland define eight biostratigraphic zones of Pliensbachian through Tithonian age. Jurassic marine deposition (~4cm/10k.y) kept pace with subsidence resulting in a relatively continuous, shallow marine sedimentation pattern. Central Grand Banks subsidence ceased in Late Jurassic time and the area became emergent with erosion taking place until Albian time. Grand Banks Jurassic foraminiferal assemblag...

  8. Diagnóstico da floricultura no Rio Grande do Sul Diagnosis of floriculture in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atelene Normann Kämpf

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o segmento da produção de flores e plantas ornamentais no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, por meio de um levantamento a campo. O estudo faz parte de um projeto global, apoiado pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Floricultura (IBRAFLOR e pelo Ministério da Agricultura e do Abastecimento (MAARA, através do Departamento Nacional de Cooperativismo (DENACOOP. Com base nos formulários preenchidos nas propriedades, foi elaborado um cadastro dos floricultores, com seus endereços e produções. A floricultura gaúcha conta com 257 produtores, que cultivam o total de 304ha em 65 municípios; 30% dessa área é ocupada com flores de corte, 33% com mudas para jardim, 29% com outros produtos da floricultura e 8% com plantas envasadas. O sistema de cultivo predominante é a céu aberto (89%, com baixos investimentos tecnológicos.A survey was conducted to quantify flower and ornamental plant production in the State of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The Brazilian Floriculture Institute (IBRAFLOR and the Agriculture Ministry (MAARA - DENACOOP granted this research. Based on an inventory formulary a catalog including the nurseries, addresses and main crops was elaborated. There are 257 growers in this State with an area of 304ha distributed among 65 counties; 30% of this area are cultivated with cut flowers, 33% with annuals and perennials for garden, 29% with other floriculture products and 8% with potted plants. The main system of cultivation is not protected with low technological investments.

  9. PROJETO DE LOTEAMENTO EM VAZIO URBANO NO MUNICÍPIO DE CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES, RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAMOS, L.M

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta possibilidades de projeto em um vazio urbano na cidade de Campos dos Goytacazes. Os projetos tiveram como premissa princípios de sustentabilidade e ordenamento urbano, como, baixa ocupação do solo, mobilidade sustentável, densidade compatível com a estrutura urbana, distribuição equilibrada de áreas verdes e áreas institucionais, divisão em quadras convencionais e superquadras, hierarquia viária e definição de áreas de preservação. O objetivo do trabalho foi verificar o potencial de ocupação de um vazio urbano seguindo a Legislação de Parcelamento do Solo de Campos dos Goytacazes. Em relação à metodologia utilizada foram feitos estudos de caso, pesquisa da legislação urbanística e normas de acessibilidade, integração do sistema viário existente com o proposto. Foram definidos os tipos e tamanhos das vias, a divisão dos lotes nas quadras respeitando a Lei de Uso e Ocupação do Solo. A preservação do Parque Urbano definido pelo zoneamento municipal foi mantido e delimitado por novas vias. E para manter a continuidade viária do projeto, foi proposto um túnel passando por debaixo do parque com a preocupação de manter essa área preservada. Foi elaborado conceito com desenhos esquemáticos e posteriormente o projeto final em AutoCAD. O resultado segue a legislação urbanística e ambiental integrando o meio ambiente natural ao construído. Conclui-se que a área de estudo tem grande potencial de ocupação para projetos com características sustentáveis, assim destacamos que o poder público deve utilizar dos instrumentos da política urbana federal, como o parcelamento compulsório, para a disponibilização destas áreas que não atendem a função social da propriedade, para urbanização e ordenamento do território.

  10. Flavor Symmetry and Grand Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Stech, Berthold

    2010-01-01

    The combination of flavor symmetries with grand unification is considered: GUT $ \\times$ flavor . To accommodate three generations the flavor group SO(3) is used. All fermions transform as 3-vectors under this group. The Yukawa couplings are obtained from vacuum expectation values of flavon fields. For the flavon fields (singlets with respect to the GUT group) and the Higgs fields (singlets with respect to the generation group) a simple form for the effective potentials is postulated. It automatically leads to spontaneous symmetry breaking for these scalar fields. Discrete S4 transformations relate the different locations of the minima of the potentials.These potentials can be used to describe the hierarchy of the well known up quark mass spectrum. Also the huge hierarchy of the masses of the Higgs fields in grand unified models can be parametrized in this way. It leads to a prediction of the mass of the lightest Higgs boson in terms of its vacuum expectation value $v_0$: $ m_{Higgs} = \\frac{v_0}{\\sqrt{2}} = ...

  11. Grand Junction Remedial Action Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Grand Junction Remedial Action Program (hereinafter referred to as the Program) originated in 1972 due to a recognized need to reduce the levels of radiation found in some of the structures identified in Grand Junction, Colorado that were constructed in part with uranium mill tailings. Out of over 640 locations eventually identified as qualifying for corrective action, the Program performed remedial construction on 594 of them. The owners of over 45 unremediated structures either did not wish to participate in the voluntary Program, or the structures were torn down, burned down, or were abandoned before the Program could take action on them. Because this was the first remedial action program of its type, and because its task was to reduce the radiation levels as soon as practical, there was no time for lengthly research and development of remedial methods or techniques. Trial and error combined with basic engineering and health physics produced a Program that learned as it progressed. At a cost of $22.7 million over a 15-year period, a substantial portion of the community had radiation exposure reduced because many public buildings such as schools, churches, and businesses, as well as private residences were remediated. 21 refs., 10 figs., 6 tabs

  12. Human herpesviruses and MS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Tove

    2007-01-01

    they are capable of reactivation. Epstein Barr virus (EBV), HHV-6A and varicella zoster virus (VZV) are consistently linked with MS, particularly with respect to epidemiology, antibody responses in serum (EBV) and cerebrospinal fluid (EBV and HHV-6A), and with MS exacerbations that are associated with...... viral reactivation (VZV, HHV-6A and EBV). HHV have the potential for a causal role in MS--they may be key players in the disease process--and this role could be mediated through several direct or indirect mechanisms....

  13. Living with Advanced MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Download now Download now Resource Edward M. Dowd Personal Advocate Program The Edward M. Dowd Personal Advocate ... Informed About the Society Vision Careers Leadership Cultural Values Financials News Press Room MS Prevalence Charitable Ratings ...

  14. MS Based Metabonomics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Want, Elizabeth J.; Metz, Thomas O.

    2010-03-01

    Metabonomics is the latest and least mature of the systems biology triad, which also includes genomics and proteomics, and has its origins in the early orthomolecular medicine work pioneered by Linus Pauling and Arthur Robinson. It was defined by Nicholson and colleagues in 1999 as the quantitative measurement of perturbations in the metabolite complement of an integrated biological system in response to internal or external stimuli, and is often used today to describe many non-global types of metabolite analyses. Applications of metabonomics are extensive and include toxicology, nutrition, pharmaceutical research and development, physiological monitoring and disease diagnosis. For example, blood samples from millions of neonates are tested routinely by mass spectrometry (MS) as a diagnostic tool for inborn errors of metabolism. The metabonome encompasses a wide range of structurally diverse metabolites; therefore, no single analytical platform will be sufficient. Specialized sample preparation and detection techniques are required, and advances in NMR and MS technologies have led to enhanced metabonome coverage, which in turn demands improved data analysis approaches. The role of MS in metabonomics is still evolving as instrumentation and software becomes more sophisticated and as researchers realize the strengths and limitations of current technology. MS offers a wide dynamic range, high sensitivity, and reproducible, quantitative analysis. These attributes are essential for addressing the challenges of metabonomics, as the range of metabolite concentrations easily exceeds nine orders of magnitude in biofluids, and the diversity of molecular species ranges from simple amino and organic acids to lipids and complex carbohydrates. Additional challenges arise in generating a comprehensive metabolite profile, downstream data processing and analysis, and structural characterization of important metabolites. A typical workflow of MS-based metabonomics is shown in Figure

  15. O grande teatro do mundo

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Ana

    2013-01-01

    A presente dissertação trata da análise cenográfica da peça O Grande Teatro do Mundo, de Calderón de la Barca, lavada à cena pelo CITAC, um grupo de teatro universitário, durante os anos 60. O pensamento cénico, não sendo ainda evidentemente expresso, encontrava-se englobado nas opções da encenação levada a cabo pelo argentino Victor Garcia, cujo trabalho se baseava numa arquitectura do espaço e numa permanente experimentação, privilegiando a procura de novas relações, tanto com a envolven...

  16. Grandes almacenes en Ginebra, Suiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braillard, P.

    1968-10-01

    Full Text Available This large building, whose metal structure is one of the most important ones erected in Switzerland, has 14 storeys. The sales zones occupy all the above ground floor levels, and the basements contain garages and stores. Additionally, there is a restaurant on the third floor, and administrative offices in the fourth floor of this outstanding commercial building, the «La Placette» Stores, of Geneva.Este gran edificio, cuya estructura metálica es una de las mayores construidas en Suiza, fue organizado en 14 niveles. Las plantas baja y superiores están destinadas a «venta»; y los sótanos, a garajes, almacenes, etc. La tercera planta alberga, además, el comedor, restaurante, etc.; y la cuarta, los locales de administración y dirección de este notable edificio comercial: «Grandes Almacenes La Placette», de Ginebra.

  17. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Support Insurance & Financial Information Living with Advanced MS Employment Resources for Specific Populations Find Programs & Services in ... Living with MS (.pdf) Download Brochure Focus on Employment (.pdf) Download Brochure Working with MS (.pdf) Download ...

  18. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) Learn More Learn More Research in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) Learn More Learn ... Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) Diagnosing RRMS Treating RRMS Research in RRMS Discover More Here are a few ...

  19. Deep sea Caridea (Crustacea, Decapoda from Campos Basin, RJ, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene A. Cardoso

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available During the Campos Basin Deep Sea Environmental Project coordinated by CENPES/PETROBRAS two collecting campaigns were performed. Both used the N/RB Astrogaroupa and fishery nets to collect samples from the continental slope in Campos Basin, RJ (21º48'S to 22º48'S. Campaign Oceanprof I occurred in February, 2003 and collected 18 samples at depths between 1074 and 1649 m. Oceanprof II occurred in August, 2003 and collected 22 samples at depths between 1059 and 1640 m. A total of 14 caridean species were collected: Parapontophilus sp. (Crangonidae; Glyphocrangon longirostris (Smith, 1882 (Glyphocrangonidae; Lebbeus sp. (Hippolytidae; Nematocarcinus ensifer (Smith, 1882 (Nematocarcinidae; Acanthephyra eximia Smith, 1884; A. quadrispinosa Kemp, 1939; A. stylorostratis (Bate, 1888; Janicella spinicauda (A. Milne Edwards, 1883; Meningodora vesca (Smith, 1887; Notostomus elegans A. Milne Edwards, 1881; Oplophorus spinosus (Brullé, 1839; and Systellaspis debilis (A. Milne Edwards, 1881 (Oplophoridae; Heterocarpus inopinatus Tavares, 1999 and Plesionika sp. (Pandalidae. Three out of these 14 species, Parapontophilus sp., Lebbeus sp. and Plesionika sp. are still under investigation and were not included in the present study. From the 11 species identified Nematocarcinus ensifer is a new record for the Brazilian continental slope.Durante o Projeto de Caracterização Ambiental de Águas Profundas da Bacia de Campos coordenado pelo CENPES/PETROBRAS duas campanhas de coleta foram realizadas. Ambas utilizaram o N/RB Astrogaroupa e redes de pesca de arrasto com porta para coletar amostras do talude continental da Bacia de Campos, RJ (21º48' S a 22º48'S. A campanha Oceanprof I ocorreu em fevereiro de 2003, coletou 18 amostras em profundidades que variaram entre 1074 e 1649 m e a Oceanprof II em agosto de 2003 coletou 22 amostras em profundidades variando entre 1059 e 1640 m. No total, 14 espécies de Caridea foram coletadas: Parapontophilus sp. (Crangonidae

  20. Salida de campo por Francia en mayo de 1954

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Francia, seguramente cerca de La Camarga, en Provenza, en mayo de 1954, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre ranas y sapos (sin identificar las especies), un Erizo (pudiendo ser Erinaceus europaeus o Atelerix algirus), y las siguientes aves: Alauda arvensis (Alondra común), Apus sp. (Vencejo), Ardea cinerea (Garza real), Ardea purpurea (Garza imperial), Burhinus oedicnemus (Alcaraván común), Buteo buteo (Busardo ratonero, también llamado Águila ratera), Certhia sp. (A...

  1. EL TRABAJO DE CAMPO EN BIOGEOGRAFÍA

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Las prácticas de campo constituyen el mediomás idóneo para que los alumnos pongan aprueba la solidez de los conocimientos teóricosadquiridos, se ejerciten en las técnicas de 'observación, descripción, expresión gráfica ytoma de datos y maduren su espíritu crítico enrelación con los contenidos que le son transmitidosy con los resultados que ellos mismospueden obtener de sus propios análisis.Su finalidad es doble, por una parte informativa,descubrir en la complejidad de la naturalezaaquello que...

  2. Plan de Mercadeo Lácteos Campo-Quezoologico

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Moreno, Fernando Gustavo; Mesa Mesa, José Osvaldo; Ocampo, Johana Andrea

    2012-01-01

    En este documento se presenta el plan de mercadeo propuesto a Lácteos Campo Real para el lanzamiento del nuevo producto Quezoologico diseñado especialmente para niños. El trabajo se apoya en los estudios realizados para conocer el comportamiento y hábitos de consumo de padres e hijos de los estratos 3, 4, 5 y 6, buscando estimular el consumo de productos tradicionales y necesarios para nutrir adecuadamente a sus familias. Es importante destacar que nuestro producto al ser innovador, nut...

  3. El campo de la neurosis en la obra de Freud

    OpenAIRE

    Napolitano, Graziela Teresita

    2013-01-01

    Inauguramos con la presente obra la edición digital de nuestra producción académica. Hasta ahora, y desde hace más de 15 años, el equipo de docentes investigadores hemos publicado en formato papel nuestros trabajos en libros y revistas. Se abre en esta ocasión una nueva posibilidad de ampliar el alcance de nuestra enseñanza para los alumnos y lectores interesados en los problemas del campo de la Psicopatología. Celebramos por eso la iniciativa de la presidencia de la UNLP, por las importantes...

  4. Petroleum system and seismic expression in the Campos basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pessoa, Jonilton; Martins, Celso M.; Heinerici, Julius; Jahnert, Ricardo J.; Franca, Almerio B.; Trindade, Luiz A.; Francisco, Claudir [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    The petroleum systems of the Campos Basin contains 60 billion barrels of discovered oil in place and 775 billion cubic meters of natural total gas in place, comprising one of the most prolific petroleum systems in South America . It is located in southeast Brazil covering about 100,000 km{sup 2} with 44 oil fields, seven giants, holding up to 90% of total Brazilian oil reserves and 50% of total natural gas reserves. The Campos Basin produces mostly from turbiditic sandstones of the Carapebus formation (Cretaceous-Tertiary), comprising the biggest part of the total production. Other important reservoirs are calcarenites of the Macae formation (Albian), bioclastic lacustrine limestones of the Lagoa Feia formation (Barremian), and fractured basalts of the Cabiunas formation (Neocomian). The source rocks are saline-to-brackish lacustrine water of the Lagoa Feia formation (Barremian) containing 5% TOC average, an average thickness about 100 m with a maximum of 500 m in depocenters, covering approximately 50,000 km{sup 2}. Trapping style is chiefly structural for the Cabiunas formation; structural-stratigraphic for the coquinas (bioclastic limestones of the Lagoa Feia formation), where pinch-out of the coquinas is a common feature; strongly structural for the calcarenites of the Macae formation (rollovers related to salt tectonics), and finally structural combined with sandstone pinch-out for the Cretaceous and Tertiary turbidites of the Carapebus formation. At the Corvina-Parati depo center, thermal basin modeling suggests the onset of oil generation in late Albian, reaching its maximum during the Miocene and it is still going on to present days. The top of oil window is about 4,5000 m deep and transformation rate reaches up to 70%. Seismically, the Campos Basin shows distinct response and characteristics according to lithologies and ages. The lowermost sequence (Lagoa Feia and Cabiunas formations) is poor in seismic attributes; the geological model is more adequate for

  5. Google Earth Grand Tour Themes

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Paor, D. G.; Whitmeyer, S. J.; Bentley, C.; Dordevic, M. M.

    2014-12-01

    As part of an NSF TUES Type 3 project entitled "Google Earth for Onsite and Distance Education (GEODE)," we are assembling a "Grand Tour" of locations on Earth and other terrestrial bodies that every geoscience student should know about and visit at least in virtual reality. Based on feedback from colleagues at previous meetings, we have identified nine Grand Tour themes: "Plates and Plumes," "Rocks and Regions," "Geology Through Time," "The Mapping Challenge*," "U.S. National Parks*," "The Magical Mystery Tour*," "Resources and Hazards," "Planets and Moons," and "Top of the Pops." Themes marked with an asterisk are most developed at this stage and will be demonstrated in real time. The Mapping Challenge invites students to trace geological contacts, measure bedding strike and dip and the plunge, trend, and facing of a fold. There is an advanced tool for modeling periclinal folds. The challenge is presented in a game-like format with an emphasis on puzzle-solving that will appeal to students regardless of gender. For the tour of U.S. national parks, we divided the most geologically important parks into four groups—Western Pacific, West Coast, Rockies, and East Coast. We are combining our own team's GigaPan imagery with imagery already available on the Internet. There is a great deal of imagery just waiting to be annotated for geological education purposes. The Magical Mystery Tour takes students to Google Streetview locations selected by instructors. Students are presented with questions or tasks and are given automatic feedback. Other themes are under development. Within each theme, we are crowd-sourcing contributions from colleagues and inviting colleagues to vote for or against proposed locations and student interactions. The GEODE team includes the authors and: Heather Almquist, Stephen Burgin, Cinzia Cervato, Gene Cooper, Paul Karabinos, Terry Pavlis, Jen Piatek, Bill Richards, Jeff Ryan, Ron Schott, Kristen St. John, and Barb Tewksbury.

  6. Hyacinths Choke the Rio Grande

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    These images acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), flying aboard NASA's Terra satellite, demonstrate the potential of satellite-based remote sensors to monitor infestations of non-native plant species. These images show the vigorous growth of water hyacinths along a stretch of the Rio Grande River in Texas. The infestation had grown so dense in some places it was impeding the flow of water and rendered the river impassible for boats. The hyacinth is an aquatic weed native to South America. The plant is exotic looking and, when it blooms, the hyacinth produces a pretty purple flower, which is why it was introduced into North America. However, it has the capacity to grow and spread at astonishing rates so that in the wild it can completely clog the flow of rivers and waterways in a matter of days or weeks. The top image was acquired on March 30, 2002, and the bottom image on May 9, 2002. In the near-infrared region of the spectrum, photosynthetically-active vegetation is highly reflective. Consequently, vegetation appears bright to the near-infrared sensors aboard ASTER; and water, which absorbs near-infrared radiation, appears dark. In these false-color images produced from the sensor data, healthy vegetation is shown as bright red while water is blue or black. Notice a water hyacinth infestation is already apparent on March 30 near the center of the image. By May 9, the hyacinth population has exploded to cover more than half the river in the scene. Satellite-based remote sensors can enable scientists to monitor large areas of infestation like this one rather quickly and efficiently, which is particularly useful for regions that are difficult to reach from on the ground. (For more details, click to read Showdown in the Rio Grande.) Images courtesy Terrametrics; Data provided by the ASTER Science Team

  7. PROCESSO SUCESSÓRIO FAMILIAR: UM ESTUDO REALIZADO EM DUAS EMPRESAS DE CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES - RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla de Souza Gomes Silva

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available As organizações familiares estão presentes em todo contexto mundial, sendo micro ou pequenas empresas, são elas as responsáveis por grande parte da economia em no Brasil, elas surgem a partir de um sonho e do esforço de empreendedores que buscam construir um negócio lucrativo que dure por gerações. Entretanto, mesmo sendo tão representativas essas empresas enfrentam dificuldades durante a sucessão, que devido à falta de planejamento sucessório e da preparação dos futuros herdeiros muitas delas não chegam a segunda e a terceira geração. Com este trabalho foi possível analisarmos o processo sucessório e a importância do planejamento e da profissionalização dos sucessores. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas com base em um roteiro de perguntas semi estruturadas realizadas com os sucessores de duas pequenas empresas familiares em Campos dos Goytacazes que já passaram pelo processo sucessório. Apesar de não ter ocorrido um planejamento sucessório o fato dos sucedidos levarem seus herdeiros para a empresa quando crianças e os familiarizando ao negócio contribuiu para que a transição ocorresse sem muitos impactos dando continuidade a um empreendimento próspero.

  8. Transgressão do Paradigma da (multiSeriação como referência para a construção da Escola Pública do Campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salomão Antônio Mufarrej Hage

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a realidade das escolas públicas do campo, inserindo suas particularidades nos desafios mais abrangentes que enfrentam os movimentos sociais populares do campo para assegurar o direito à universalização da Educação Básica, com qualidade socialmente referenciada e afirmativa da diversidade sociocultural e territorial que constitui o campo no Brasil. Ele socializa os resultados dos estudos realizados pelo Grupo de Estudo e Pesquisa em Educação do Campo na Amazônia (Geperuaz sobre a realidade das escolas rurais com turmas multisseriadas, considerando o paradoxo existente entre o abandono e a precarização que caracteriza em grande medida as condições de existência dessas escolas e as ações criativas realizadas pelos professores e estudantes no cotidiano escolar, que desafiam as condições adversas nelas vivenciadas, indicando referências para a transgressão do paradigma seriado urbano de ensino atualmente hegemônico nessas escolas.

  9. DIAGNOSTICO DE AFECCIONES RESPIRATORIAS EN CAMPO QUIJANO SALTA -ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Leonor de Viana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Campo Quijano está a 30 Km. de la ciudad de Salta y cuenta aproximadamente con 8300 habitantes. En el éjido urbano existen dos borateras que constituyen una fuente puntual de contaminación del aire, suelo y aguas. Se estudió la prevalencia de enfermedades respiratorias en la población urbana en el año 2005. Se trabajó con los datos de las planillas de consultas diarias externas del Hospital Francisco Herrera. Se consideraron cuatro grupos de afecciones, seleccionados por la sintomatología y su posible asociación con las emisiones gaseosas de las borateras: Rinitis; Catarro en vías aéreas superiores, Espasmos y Tos irritativa. Se estimó y comparó la prevalencia de las enfermedades por barrio con la prueba de X2 y la de los residuales ajustados de Haberman. Los espasmos y catarros en vías aéreas superiores fueron las afecciones más frecuentes en la población de Campo Quijano. En rinitis no se encontraron diferencias entre barrios. El barrio San Roque presentó las mayores prevalencias en CVAs, espasmos y tos irritativa. Barrios cercanos a las borateras presentaron prevalencias dispares, lo que podría relacionarse con características socio-culturales, sanitarias y económicas, entre otros factores de riesgo, no considerados en este diagnóstico.

  10. Creencias tradicionales y campos electromagnéticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Ross

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El autor propone que existe una serie de creencias y prácticas tradicionales que pueden proporcionar pistas acerca de la interacción de campos electromagnéticos en la biosfera. Por ejemplo, la creencia en el mal de ojo puede ser una construcción cultural relacionada con la sensación de estar siendo observado, pero a su vez puede estar basada en las emisiones de ondas electromagnéticas a través de los ojos. En este artículo se presentan datos para apoyar esta hipótesis. Otras creencias tradicionales, como la importancia de la conexión con la Madre Tierra también pueden contener una explicación similar. En este artículo se presentan una serie de hipótesis científicamente verificables sobre creencias tradicionales y campos electromagnéticos. En esta fase, los datos son insuficientes para confirmar la hipótesis, no obstante el objetivo de este artículo es estimular el pensamiento crítico y la investigación sobre algunas creencias tradicionales.

  11. SAR by MS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOFSTADLER; Steven

    2001-01-01

    RNAs have recently emerged as an exciting new target for small molecule therapeutics. Conventional HTS discovery strategies measuring disruption of RNAprotein interactions have proven unsuccessful. We describe a ligand-based drug discovery strategy that addresses the inherent difficulties RNA targets. The strategy is based on: 1) using a MS spectrometry (MS)-based assay to measure the affinity of compounds for a target; 2) performing competitive binding experiments and molecular modeling with the motifs to determine the binding site(s) of the ligands; 3) design and synthesis of derivatives of interesting binders to establish the linking sites; 4) identifying the appropriate linker group using MS; 5) fusing motifs into a more complex structure to afford higher affinity compounds. Example of applying this strategy to identify new classes of lead molecules with affinity and specificity for ribosomal RNA targets will be presented.  ……

  12. SAR by MS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ RNAs have recently emerged as an exciting new target for small molecule therapeutics. Conventional HTS discovery strategies measuring disruption of RNAprotein interactions have proven unsuccessful. We describe a ligand-based drug discovery strategy that addresses the inherent difficulties RNA targets. The strategy is based on: 1) using a MS spectrometry (MS)-based assay to measure the affinity of compounds for a target; 2) performing competitive binding experiments and molecular modeling with the motifs to determine the binding site(s) of the ligands; 3) design and synthesis of derivatives of interesting binders to establish the linking sites; 4) identifying the appropriate linker group using MS; 5) fusing motifs into a more complex structure to afford higher affinity compounds. Example of applying this strategy to identify new classes of lead molecules with affinity and specificity for ribosomal RNA targets will be presented.

  13. PERFIL MORFOFISIOLÓGICO E SOMATOTIPOLÓGICO DE JOVENS ATLETAS DA MODALIDADE TÊNIS DE CAMPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Romanovitch Ribas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O perfil antropométrico e o somatotipo exercem grande influência no desempenho esportivo, porém, estas informações em tenistas adolescentes brasileiros apresentam-se um tanto quando escassas. Por este motivo, o objetivo deste referido estudo foi determinar as características antropométricas, composição corporal e somatotipo de atleta amadores da modalidade Tênis de Campo da categoria 12 anos. Foram avaliados 10 indivíduos do sexo masculino em período de competição, com idade de 12 anos, atletas da modalidade tênis de campo de nível amador registrados na Federação Paranaense de Tênis. Foram avaliados nos atletas às variáveis antropométricas (massa corporal total, estatura, circunferências, diâmetros e dobras. Destas mensurações originou-se o cálculo do IMC, massa magra, massa gorda e o somatotipo. Os tenistas se apresentaram com massa corporal média de (37,14 ± 5,14 Kg; estatura (144,4 ± 7,00 cm; IMC (17,78 ± 1,78 Kg/m2; percentual de gordura (14,31 ± 3,09; massa magra (31,82 ± 4,53 Kg; MG (5,32 ± 1,32 Kg e somatotipo (2,8 – 3,4 – 3,2. Pode-se concluir que os atletas deste estudo se apresentaram com um perfil de composição corporal e somatotipo, semelhante ao perfil de tenistas da mesma idade.

  14. Tema 3. Campo eléctrico (Curso 2010-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Espinosa Tomás, Julián; Pérez Rodríguez, Jorge; Miret Marí, Juan José; Caballero Caballero, María Teresa

    2010-01-01

    1. Interacción eléctrica. Campo eléctrico; 2. Representación mediante líneas de campo. Flujo eléctrico: Ley de Gauss; 3. Energía y potencial eléctricos. Superficies equipotenciales; 4. Dieléctricos y conductores. Condensadores: capacidad; 5. Movimiento de cargas en campos eléctricos. Corriente eléctrica: resistencias. Osciloscopio.

  15. La Grande: volver a empezar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Premat

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto, borrador de un trabajo más amplio, pretende despejar algunas pistas de lectura de La grande, en tanto que paradójico final de la producción de Saer. Digo “paradójico” porque puede tomársela como una novela de comienzo o de origen : de un volver a empezar, en todos los sentidos del término. En esa perspectiva podrían estudiarse algunos núcleos temáticos (como el retorno o el recuerdo de cara a la construcción del texto, a la relación planteada con la tradición y a la singular historia de su escritura (y al material genético que rodea y completa esta novela a la vez inacabada y póstuma. En esta intervención, la idea es la de comentar tres textos, escenas o frases del texto, y a partir de allí esbozar pistas para un estudio que está en ciernes.Première ébauche d’un travail de plus d’ampleur, ce texte vise à éclairer quelques pistes de lecture de La grande, en tant que fin paradoxale de la production de Saer. Je dis « paradoxale » parce que l’on peut considérer cette œuvre comme un roman des commencements ou des origines : comme un retour aux débuts, dans tous les sens du terme. Dans cette perspective, plusieurs nœuds thématiques (comme le retour ou le souvenir pourraient être étudiés en relation à la construction du texte, à la relation qui s’établit avec la tradition et à la singulière histoire de son écriture (et au matériau génétique qui entoure et complète ce roman, à la fois inachevé et posthume. Il sera question ici de commenter trois textes, scènes ou phrases du texte, et d’ébaucher à partir de là quelques pistes pour une étude à l’état naissant.The objective of this text, a draft for a broader work, is to outline some reading clues for La grande, inasmuch as it constitutes a paradoxical ending of Saer’s production. I say “paradoxical” because we can consider this work a novel of beginnings or of origins: a return to the beginning, in every meaning of the

  16. Natalizumab in progressive MS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Romme Christensen, Jeppe; Ratzer, Rikke; Börnsen, Lars; Lyksborg, Mark; Garde, Ellen; Dyrby, Tim B; Siebner, Hartwig R; Sorensen, Per S; Sellebjerg, Finn

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Natalizumab inhibits the migration of systemic immune cells to the CNS and may be beneficial in progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of the study was to examine the effects of natalizumab in progressive MS. METHODS: In an open-label phase 2A study, 24 patients with...... that systemic inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis. Moreover, the study establishes the feasibility of using CSF biomarkers in proof-of-concept trials, allowing a low number of participants and short study duration. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that in...

  17. Profundidade de deposição de semente de milho na região dos Campos Gerais, Paraná Placement depth of seed corn in the region of Campos Gerais, Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro H. Weirich Neto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O sistema plantio direto encontra-se hoje plenamente incorporado à região dos Campos Gerais no Paraná. A acurácia e a precisão no processo de semeadura são itens de grande importância para que tal sistema alcance sucesso. Sendo assim, foram selecionadas 50 propriedades e, em 38, determinou-se a profundidade de deposição da semente de milho. A área experimental era formada por quatro ou cinco linhas de semeadura, onde se avaliaram dez plântulas por linha. A profundidade ficou em torno de 46 mm, observando-se diferenças significativas entre as linhas, em 21 áreas. O coeficiente de variação médio ficou em torno de 20%, limite estatístico entre médio e alto. Conforme análise de outros parâmetros, tais coeficientes podem representar diferentes tipos de erro no processo. Pode-se considerar o processo de semeadura da região como eficiente quando considerada a média da profundidade. Entretanto, a análise da variabilidade demonstra necessidade de ações junto a fatores antrópicos e de máquina.No Tillage system is fully incorporated to farming in the region of Campos Gerais, state of Paraná. Accuracy and precision in the planting process are items of great importance for the success of this system. In order to evaluate the planting process, thirty eight farms were selected as sites for analysis of the placement depth of seeds. The research area was 4 or 5 planting rows, evaluating 10 plantlets per row. The average seed depth was around 46 mm, and significant differences between rows were observed in 21 areas. The average coefficient of variation was around 20%, the statistical limit between medium and high. Analyses of other parameters show that those coefficients may represent different errors in the process. The planting process in Campos Gerais can be considered efficient regarding to the average seed depth. However, the analysis of variability implies de need of actions concerning to anthropic and machinery factors.

  18. A psicologia e a constituição do campo educacional brasileiro La psicología y la constitución del campo de educación brasileño The psychology and the constitution of the brazilian education field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paola Sganderla

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo discutir como a Psicologia contribuiu para a formação do campo educacional brasileiro início do século XX. Ao mesmo tempo, o campo educacional forneceu elementos fundamentais que serviram de base à constituição dessa ciência como campo científico reconhecido no País. Como base teórica para a investigação, utilizamos o conceito de campo social de Pierre Bourdieu, relacionando as implicações práticas presentes nesta constituição: Intelectualidade influente; estruturação de associações profissionais; formação e profissionalização docente e produção de conhecimentos teóricos e técnicos na área. Neste cenário, a Psicologia contribuiu para a constituição do campo educacional brasileiro como uma das ciências que balizou a formação de professores e as discussões educacionais e Lourenço Filho como um dos intelectuais de maior produção e disseminação dos conhecimentos psicológicos.El artículo presente tiene como objetivo discutir como la Psicología contribuyó para la formación del campo de educación brasileña al inicio del siglo XX. Al mismo tiempo, el campo de educación proporcionó elementos fundamentales que ellos sirvieron como la base a la constitución de esa ciencia como el campo científico reconocidos al País. Como la base teórica para la investigación, nosotros usamos el concepto de campo social de Pierre Bourdieu, mientras relacionando las implicaciones prácticas presentes en esta constitución: La intelectualidad influyente; estructurando asociaciones profesionales; la formación y la enseñanza profesionalización y producción de conocimiento teórico y técnico en el área. En este paisaje, la Psicología contribuyó a la constitución del campo de educación brasileña como una de las ciencias que la formación de los maestros y las discusiones de educación y Lourenço Filho como uno de los intelectuales de producción más grande y cobertor del

  19. La tradición del trabajo de campo en Geografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Zusman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo de campo ha adquirido distintas significaciones a lo largo de la historia de la Geografía. Los cambios en la concepción de la Geografía han derivado en redefiniciones de la contribución del trabajo de campo al proceso de producción de conocimiento. El objetivo de este texto es aproximarse a los aspectos epistemológicos y políticos presentes en las distintas formas de entender el trabajo de campo. A su vez, se busca mostrar que las diversas maneras de concebir y hacer el trabajo de campo conviven en la actualidad

  20. Demo 25. Movimiento de electrones en campos E y B: el ciclotrón

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Muñoz, José Luis; Martínez García, Domingo; Andrés Bou, Miguel Vicente

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo:1.- Observar el proceso de generación de cargas libres. 2.- Observar el movimiento de cargas en campos eléctricos y magnéticos. Estudio experimental del movimiento de electrones en un campo magnético uniforme. Demostración de la Fuerza de Lorentz sobre electrones mediante la observación y medida de la trayectoria circular generada en un campo magnético uniforme, habiendo acelerado previamente los electrones con un campo eléctrico. Medida de la relación carga/masa de...

  1. The Sondalo gabbro contact aureole (Campo unit, Eastern Alps): implications for mid-crustal mafic magma emplacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petri, B.; Mohn, G.; Štípská, P.; Schulmann, K.; Manatschal, G.

    2016-05-01

    Contact aureoles rimming plutonic rocks are the locus of metamorphism and deformations witnessing magma emplacement mechanisms in the crust. In this study, structural and petrological observations are combined to mineral equilibria modelling to unravel the polyphase tectono-metamorphic history of the Permian Sondalo gabbro and its host rock, the Campo unit (Eastern Alps). The Campo unit consists of Grt-St-Ms-Bt-Pl-Qtz ± Sil ± And ± Crd mica schists attesting of a Carboniferous prograde P- T path, reaching 6 kbar/600 °C and subsequently 5.6 kbar/650 °C. This metamorphism is coeval with the formation of a sub-vertical NE-SW trending foliation (S1) and its overprint by a sub-vertical NW-SE trending foliation (S2). The heat brought by the Permian intrusives subsequently caused heating of the Campo unit at around 3-4 kbar/540 °C reflected by regional static crystallization of cordierite and andalusite porphyroblasts. During the intrusion of the Sondalo gabbro, thermal peak conditions are recorded by Grt-Sil-Spl-Crd-Ilm granulitic xenoliths at ~5.5 kbar/930 °C, subsequently exhumed at ~4 kbar during the development of a new foliation (S3). This foliation is localized around the pluton and moderately dips away from the centre of the pluton. In the migmatitic contact aureole, Grt-Sil-Bt-Pl-Qtz-Ilm and Grt-Sil-Crd-Spl-Bt-Kfs-Ilm residual rocks bear the new foliation (S3) and document a decompression from 6 kbar/750 °C to 5 kbar/725 °C and from 5.2 kbar/800 °C to reach 4.8 kbar/770 °C, respectively. The P- T- d paths recorded by the host rock and the xenoliths point to a two-step magma emplacement. First the Sondalo gabbro intruded the Campo unit causing heating of the host rock without deformation at 3-4 kbar. Second, the ductile flow along the pluton margins developed a new foliation (S3) during exhumation of the pluton and its immediate contact aureole from 6 to 4 kbar. Altogether, it indicates a progressive increase in mechanical coupling between the pluton

  2. Determination of Glyphosate Levels in Breast Milk Samples from Germany by LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steinborn, Angelika; Alder, Lutz; Michalski, Britta; Zomer, Paul; Bendig, Paul; Martinez, Sandra Aleson; Mol, Hans G.J.; Class, Thomas J.; Costa Pinheiro, Nathalie

    2016-01-01

    This study describes the validation and application of two independent analytical methods for the determination of glyphosate in breast milk. They are based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS), respectively. For L

  3. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Make a donation Search v What Is MS? Definition of MS What Causes MS? Who Gets MS? ... only partially disappear, resulting in an increase in disability. New lesions on MRI, ... (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive ...

  4. Paleomorphology of the upper part of the Macae formation, Namorado field, Campos basin; Paleomorfologia do intervalo superior da formacao Macae, Campo de Namorado, Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barboza, Eduardo Guimaraes [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Geociencias; Tomazelli, Luiz Jose; Ayup-Zouain, Ricardo Norberto [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Centro de Estudos de Geologia Costeira e Oceanica; Viana, Adriano Roessler [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Exploracao e Producao. Edificio Sede

    2004-07-01

    The Macae Formation (Late Albian-Turonian of the Campos Basin) is represented by a thick column of carbonate sediments whose deposition began soon after the evaporitic phase that marks the beginning of the marine occupation of the basin. The top of this interval is represented by an unconformity (Type I), indicative of a variation in the base level of the basin, on which the turbidities of the basal sequence of the Namorado Field were deposited. For a better understanding of the depositional geometry of these turbidities, the paleogeomorphology analysis demonstrated to be quite efficient. The method of work used for so was a combination among the seismic 3D visualization (VoxelGeo{sup R}), from the characterization of different physical attributes of the seismic signal, and the facies analysis of wells profiles of the referred field. The developed analysis allowed the individualization and the three-dimensional visualization of a sinuous paleochannel in the top of the interval, until then not described in previous interpretations of this depositional system. With the information coming from this study, a better understanding of the genesis of this accumulation can be reached, especially in the part regarding to the units of important economic character, represented by the turbidities deposits and whose occurrences are related with stages of relative lowering of the sea level. (author)

  5. Supersymmetry and supergravity: Phenomenology and grand unification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey is given of supersymmetry and supergravity and their phenomenology. Some of the topics discussed are the basic ideas of global supersymmetry, the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and its phenomenology, the basic ideas of local supersymmetry (supergravity), grand unification, supersymmetry breaking in supergravity grand unified models, radiative breaking of SU(2) x U(1), proton decay, cosmological constraints, and predictions of supergravity grand unified models. While the number of detailed derivations are necessarily limited, a sufficient number of results are given so that a reader can get a working knowledge of this field

  6. Autom??viles en la frontera norte de M??xico. Una (primera) reflexi??n del y para el trabajo de campo

    OpenAIRE

    Anta F??lez, Jos?? Luis

    2007-01-01

    A trav??s de un objeto tan caracter??sticamente capitalista como los autom??viles el autor trata de comprender la realidad social de los habitantes del Estado de Tamaulipas (M??xico). Pero m??s all?? de esto el trabajo plantea la epistemolog??a y el an??lisis durante el trabajo de campo, con el intento de observar la emergencia de nuevas realidades, de nuevos enfoques, de nuevas experimentalidades al respecto de las miradas que planteamos sobre el "otro".

  7. Militari italiani e grande guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Franzina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio verte su alcuni aspetti dei fenomeni immigratori che si collegano alla genesi e alla tenuta dei sensi di appartenenza etnica e nazionale. Accanto alla progressiva rimozione dei vecchi meccanismi di acculturazione linguistica, che scalzano, ove posseduto in partenza, l’italiano procurando la sua sostituzione progressiva –e in parte fisiologica– con il castigliano si assiste in America, per integrazione, anche al declino dell’“italianità politica”. Un momento di svolta prima del definitivo affermarsi di tale processo di “argentinizzazione” fu rappresentato però dalla congiuntura della grande guerra. Il suo deflagrare, infatti, coincise con il momento di massima espansione (non solo a Buenos Aires della presenza immigratoria straniera e di quella italiana in particolare. Diversamente da quanto succederà più tardi con il secondo conflitto mondiale, dopo quasi vent’anni però di declino o di arresto dei flussi in entrata, tra il 1914 e il 1918 si poté assistere infatti a una concreta forma di doppio patriottismo o di duplice lealtà politico-istituzionale da parte dei gruppi etnici immigratori all’interno dei quali si generarono scelte come la decisione presa da molti dei loro componenti di arruolarsi sotto le bandiere delle “antiche patrie” per raggiungere i campi di battaglia europei.

  8. Grand challenges in migration biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlin, Melissa S; Bisson, Isabelle-Anne; Shamoun-Baranes, Judy; Reichard, Jonathan D; Sapir, Nir; Marra, Peter P; Kunz, Thomas H; Wilcove, David S; Hedenström, Anders; Guglielmo, Christopher G; Åkesson, Susanne; Ramenofsky, Marilyn; Wikelski, Martin

    2010-09-01

    Billions of animals migrate each year. To successfully reach their destination, migrants must have evolved an appropriate genetic program and suitable developmental, morphological, physiological, biomechanical, behavioral, and life-history traits. Moreover, they must interact successfully with biotic and abiotic factors in their environment. Migration therefore provides an excellent model system in which to address several of the "grand challenges" in organismal biology. Previous research on migration, however, has often focused on a single aspect of the phenomenon, largely due to methodological, geographical, or financial constraints. Integrative migration biology asks 'big questions' such as how, when, where, and why animals migrate, which can be answered by examining the process from multiple ecological and evolutionary perspectives, incorporating multifaceted knowledge from various other scientific disciplines, and using new technologies and modeling approaches, all within the context of an annual cycle. Adopting an integrative research strategy will provide a better understanding of the interactions between biological levels of organization, of what role migrants play in disease transmission, and of how to conserve migrants and the habitats upon which they depend. PMID:21558203

  9. Anatomy of grand unifying groups

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Cartan-Dynkin theory of classical groups is considered with the aid of a lemma proposed in this work. The lemma says that all the Weyl conjugates of a dominant weight will have a common form with the dominant weight when they are expressed as linear combinations of fundamental representation weights (FRW) of the group. This reformulation of the Cartan-Dynkin theory simplifies the calculations concerning grand unifying schemes. Especially, the specification of the weights of a representation, the property of being real or complex, the branchings of a representation under its subgroups and the decomposition of a direct product are reduced to simple permutational calculations. We introduce the notion of ''modular decomposition'' to study the group representations. This work includes only the groups SU(N+1) because they have characteristics different from others, such as SO(2N+1), SP(2N), SO(2N) and exceptional groups. In the two successive applications the idea shall be completed also for these groups. (author)

  10. Managing Progressive MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... area of assistive devices for personal hygiene and bathroom adjustments that make toilet functions more effective and safe. They have extensive practical information on devices and techniques. 27 | Managing Progressive MS If you need help with basic activities, get advice and inform ...

  11. ICP-MS Workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carman, April J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Eiden, Gregory C. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-11-01

    This is a short document that explains the materials that will be transmitted to LLNL and DNN HQ regarding the ICP-MS Workshop held at PNNL June 17-19th. The goal of the information is to pass on to LLNL information regarding the planning and preparations for the Workshop at PNNL in preparation of the SIMS workshop at LLNL.

  12. Campo elétrico pulsado Pulsed electric field

    OpenAIRE

    Mirella Lima Binoti; Afonso Mota Ramos; Luciano José Quintão Teixeira; Paulo Cesar Stringheta; Valéria Rodrigues de Paula Minim; Mônica Ribeiro Pirozi

    2012-01-01

    Campos elétricos pulsados de alta intensidade (CEPAI) constituem um método não-térmico de conservação para alimentos em substituição à pasteurização tradicional. Em comparação ao processamento térmico, os CEPAI, além de serem eficientes na eliminação de micro-organismos e na inativação de enzimas, também minimizam as perdas de sabor, cor, textura, nutrientes e componentes termolábeis dos alimentos. O objetivo desse trabalho foi levantar dados bibliográficos atuais sobre o tema CEPAI, abordand...

  13. Introducción: un campo en efervescencia

    OpenAIRE

    Fuentes-Navarro, Raúl

    1985-01-01

    Introducción a la revista Renglones número 3 con el tema de Comunicación. El estudio de la comunicación es un campo en efervescencia en los contextos científico, académico, universitario y social. En esta edición se proponen diversas visiones sobre los aspectos mencionados y se sugiere la búsqueda de vínculos entre las prácticas de investigación, enseñanza, aprendizaje, ejercicio y observación de la comunicación. Los artículos presentados abordan temas como la formación universitaria de los c...

  14. ¿Chalés en el campo de tiro?

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Rodríguez, Jacinto

    2012-01-01

    Duración (en horas): De 11 a 20 horas. Nivel educativo: Grado En plena Guerra Civil (marzo 1937), un acaudalado naviero tinerfeño, cuyo primo-hermano se hallaba sujeto a ‘responsabilidades políticas’, donó al Ejército Nacional el terreno insular conocido como ‘Hoya Fría’ (470.200 mts2) con la intencionalidad subyacente de liberar al familiar represaliado y con el propósito explícito de que la finca donada se destinara a usos militares, para la ubicación de un campo de instrucción y de tiro...

  15. Grand partition function of hadronic bremsstrahlung

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The grand partition function of hadronic bremsstrahlung is obtained using saddle-point procedures. Several levels of approximation are considered. The results are qualitatively consistent with earlier simple approximations

  16. Rio Grande Channel, El Paso Area, 1852

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Historical map of Rio Grande river between Texas and Mexico. U.S.-Mexican Boundary Survey.The original map is a Xerox of a Photolithographic Copy of Salazar...

  17. PESQUISA DE CAMPYLOBACTER SPP. EM CARNES DE FRANGO COMERCIALIZADAS NA CIDADE DE CAMPO MOURÃO-PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina de Oliveira GONÇALVES

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A campilobacteriose causa um grande impacto na saúde pública em todo o mundo, sendo em muitos pa- íses a causa mais frequente de gastroenterite em humanos causada por alimentos. A principal fonte de Campylobacter são as aves, dessa forma, pode haver infecção pelo consumo de carne crua, mal cozida, contaminação cruzada no preparo dos alimentos ou por outros alimentos, como água e leite. O despreparo de muitos manipuladores de alimentos em relação a cuidados higiênicos é um dos fatores que favorece a contaminação dos alimentos, afetando principalmente ambientes como restaurantes, hospitais e indústrias de alimentos. Como o congelamento e a refrigeração têm o papel de conservar a carne em bom estado para o consumo, à detecção de bactérias viáveis nesta etapa é muito importante. Diante do exposto acima, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a ocorrência de Campylobacter spp. em frangos refrigerados comercializados na cidade de Campo Mourão-PR por meio do teste imunoenzimático pelo método ELFA (Enzime Linked Fluorescent Assay com o sistema automatizado VIDAS® campy. Dessa maneira, foi possível detectar uma contaminação de 79,16% em 24 frangos, confirmando a grande incidência de Campylobacter em carnes de aves destinadas ao consumo humano.

  18. A Grand Gathering of Storytelling Artists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    The grand storytelling fair held in Majie Township, Hebei Province every year, has a history of more than 400 years. ● Most of the stories used to be based on ancient legends and folk stories. Nowadays, there are also many newly-written pieces about people’s lives in modern times. ● Every year, the grand storytelling performance attracts hundreds and thousands of locals and visitors from several neigh-boring provinces.

  19. Los campos volcánicos basálticos monogénicos de la Isla de Tenerife (Canarias, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dóniz Páez, F. Javier

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available For the first time, the different basaltic volcanic fields of the island of Tenerife have been delimited. To do so, different criteria have been taken into consideration: topographic, geological, genetic, structural and morfological. This way a total of five different volcanic fields have been identified (Teno, Pedro Gil, Bilma-Abeque, Teide and Valle San Lorenzo-Las Galletas all of them with different, and even contrasted, number of volcanic cones, densities and spatial organization, which, in many ways, match with each one of the great complex volcanic morphostructures of the island: the old volcanic massifs, the volcanic rifts and the Teide- Cañadas volcanic complex.

    [es] Por primera vez se delimitan los diferentes campos volcánicos basálticos de la isla de Tenerife. Para su individualización se han tenido en cuenta criterios topográficos, geológicos, genéticos, estructurales y morfológicos. Se han identificado un total de cinco campos de volcanes (Teno, Pedro Gil, Bilma-Abeque, Teide y Valle San Lorenzo-Las Galletas con número de conos, densidades y organizaciones espaciales de los mismos diferentes y en algunos casos contrastadas, que coinciden, a grandes rasgos, con cada una de las grandes morfoestructuras volcánicas complejas de la isla: los macizos volcánicos antiguos, las dorsales eruptivas y el complejo Teide-Cañadas. [fr] Pour la première fois, les différents champs volcaniques basaltiques de l'île de Tenerife furent délimités. Afin de les individualiser, on utilisa des critères topographiques, géologiques, génétiques, structuraux et morphologiques. Un total de cinq champs de volcans furent identifiés (Teno, Pedro Gil, Bilma-Abeque, Teide et Valle San Lorenzo-Las Galletas, avec un nombre de cônes, de densités et d'organisations différents et parfois même contrastés, coïncidant dans leurs grandes lignes, avec chacunes des grandes morphostructures volcaniques complexes de l'île.

  20. Rockmagnetism and inorganic geochemistry of Grand Lake sediment, NE Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minyuk, P. S.; Borkhodoev, V. Y.; Subbotnikova, T. V.

    2013-12-01

    Grand Lake, located in Magadan region (51 53'E, 60 44'N), belongs to the group of Elikchan Lakes. Maximum depth of the lake is 23.2 m. 12 cores from deep and shallow parts of the lake were taken using a Livingston corer. Sediment records from Grand Lake provide a continuous archive of climate change during marine isotopic stages (MIS) 4-1. Magnetic susceptibility (MS), saturation magnetization, saturation remanence, coercive force, remanence coercivity, temperature dependence of the induced magnetization and susceptibility of sediment and magnetic extracts were analyzed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) was used to diagnose Fe-bearing minerals. MS from cores was used for correlation between the core sections. Analysis of the complex data indicate that there are four main lithologic units of sediment. Unit 1 (MIS 1), depth 0-320 cm. Upper subunit (0-150 cm) shows negative or very low MS. Sediment has high content of organic matter and SiO2 (up to 92%) because of biogenic component. The Lower subunit (depth 150-320 cm) consists of laminated organic silt. The MS of this subunit ranges from 0 to 295 (95), 10-6 SI. The sediment shows high content of Fe2O3, P2O5, MnO indicating a redox boundary. Unit 2 (MIS 2), depth 320-627 cm. Sediment is composed of laminated silt and formed during anoxic conditions. Dark thin layers are enriched with P2O5 and MnO. The unit is characterized by low MS = 57-500 (170), 10-6, SI. Vivianite and Fe-sulfides including pyrite and greigite are found in this unit. Greigite occurs in diatom valves and as fine grained aggregates and has specific thermomagnetic curves. Unit 3 (MIS 3), depth 627-965 cm. Sediment consist of homogenous silt and that accumulated during oxic conditions. Unit has highest MS in the core section: 87-1300 (480), 10-6 SI and is enriched with CaO, Na2O, K2O, SiO2. Unite 4 (MIS 4), depth-965-1015 cm includes sand, dense silt and shows high variations of MS values. According to

  1. The advertisement and aggressive calls of Rhinella abei (Baldissera, Caramaschi, and Haddad, 2004) (Anura: Bufonidae) from Campo Largo, Paraná, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, Vinicius Guerra; Ramalho, Werther Pereira; Amaral, Diogo Ferreira Do; Maciel, Natan Medeiros; Bastos, Rogério Pereira

    2016-01-01

    Rhinella abei is a medium-sized species (snout-to-vent length 57.0-76.4 mm in males; 60.4-83.9 mm in females-Baldissera et al. 2004) of the Rhinella crucifer species group, distributed in the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest, from the State of Paraná to northern Rio Grande do Sul (Frost 2016). It is recorded in forested areas (Conte & Rossa-Feres 2007), or while breeding along forest edges and open habitats. Information on advertisement calls of species in the R. crucifer group is available for R. casconi, R. crucifer, R. inopina and R. ornata (Andrade et al. 2015; Heyer et al. 1990; Oliveira et al. 2014; Roberto et al. 2014). Here we describe the advertisement and aggressive calls of R. abei recorded in the municipality of Campo Largo (25.507472° S, 49.376632° W, datum "WGS84"), southeast State of Paraná, Brazil. PMID:27394842

  2. Tema 4. Campo magnético (Curso 2009-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Rodríguez, Jorge; Miret Marí, Juan José; Caballero Caballero, María Teresa; Espinosa Tomás, Julián

    2009-01-01

    1. Interacción magnética. 2. Fuerzas sobre cargas y corrientes en campos magnéticos. 3. Campos magnéticos creados por corrientes. Ley de Ampère. 4. Inducción magnética. Ley de Faraday. 5. Bobinas: inductancia. Equivalencia entre bobinas e imanes. Energía magnética.

  3. Business tourism: a guest opinion about relationship marketing practices of the hotel network in São José dos Campos (SP Turismo de negócios: a opinião de hóspedes sobre as ações de marketing de relacionamento da rede hoteleira de São José dos Campos (SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Fátima da Silva Cané

    2013-05-01

    estrangeiros e, portanto, possui referências internacionais da rede hoteleira, identificou algumas das ações realizadas pela rede hoteleira. Fica evidente que as grandes redes hoteleiras que trabalham na cidade de São José dos Campos conduzem o seu negócio aplicando alguns elementos de Marketing de Relacionamento, o que faz com que, de maneira geral, o público atendido opine positivamente sobre os serviços prestados. 

  4. Automated diagnosis of LC-MS/MS performance

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Hua; Freitas, Michael A.

    2009-01-01

    Summary: We report a software scheme for automated diagnosis of liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system performance. The proposed software scheme provides a robust framework for establishing automated diagnosis of LC-MS/MS system performance for a variety of instruments and experiments. This schematic consists of four main software components: (i) data conversion, (ii) peptide identification, (iii) LC retention time analysis and (iv) system performance evaluation. The...

  5. Automação do processo de avaliação de desempenho de tratores e implementos em campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro Chartuni Mantovani

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Em muitas regiões do Brasil, tratores e implementos agrícolas têm sido usados para dar suporte aos diferentes sistemas de produção, sem uma adequação própria às condições de solo e clima. Para auxiliar os fabricantes e agricultores na solução de problemas em máquinas e implementos agrícolas, há necessidade de verificar o desempenho desses equipamentos e estabelecer condições de testes semelhantes àquelas em que estiveram sendo usados. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o desempenho de um conjunto tratorimplemento agrícola, no campo, utilizando um sistema eletrônico de medições. A potência demandada pelos equipamentos foi calculada indiretamente, com os dados de rotação do motor e consumo de combustível, nas curvas de calibração do trator. O uso de instrumentação eletrônica permitiu que se tivesse uma grande capacidade de trabalho, em razão da facilidade de programação e operação da cadeia de medições. Os resultados de campo obtidos para esforço de tração líquida indicaram tendência de comportamento similar à dos calculados por meio de fórmulas, com uma correlação de 0,996. A metodologia utilizada nos testes de desempenho operacional do conjunto trator-implemento no campo indicou ser uma ferramenta de bastante utilidade, tanto para os usuários dos equipamentos, quanto para os fabricantes.

  6. Caderno de campo digital: antropologia em novas mídias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo Robinson Achutti

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa apresenta uma experiência de etnografia e fotoetnografia com equipamento digital. Busca registrar as transformações por que passa uma comunidade rural e pesqueira pertencente a Viamão, na Grande Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. Margeada pelo rio Guaíba (na verdade, lago e pela lagoa dos Patos (na verdade, laguna, com a chegada do asfalto no ano de 2002 e a abertura à visitação de parque de reserva ambiental, a vila, chamada Vila de Itapuã, passou a atrair visitantes e a romper com o isolamento. Tal isolamento foi determinante para que na década de 1940 no local fosse construído o Hospital Colônia, uma prisão-tratamento para leprosos. A pesquisa busca registrar a cultura açoriana ali remanescente e, sobretudo, pensar o moderno que penetra o tradicional e todas as implicações desse entrelaçamento na construção de uma identidade local. Paralelamente à modernização que alcança o campo da investigação, a pesquisa também traz inovações metodológicas, ao testar e ampliar o uso da fotografia digital como um recurso para a fotoetnografia, discutir os seus recursos e limites e também os recursos da Internet, uma vez que o caderno de campo é publicado sistematicamente no site www.ufrgs.br/fotoetnografia, no ar desde o mês de julho de 2003.This research presents an ethnographic and photoethnographic experiment with digital equipment. The research aims to register the transformations through which a rural fishing community is going through, in Viam��o, in the vicinities of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. The Vila, called Vila de Itapuã, is surrounded by the Guaíba river on one side and by the Patos lagoon on the other; in the year 2002 the paths to the Vila were asphalted and a wild life reserve park was opened, inviting visitors to end this Vila's isolation. The former isolation of the place was a fundamental reason for the establishment, in the 1940's, of the Colony Hospital, a prison-leprosarium. The present research

  7. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Brochure Disease Modifying Therapies Overview (.pdf) Download Document Pediatric MS Learn More Transverse Myelitis Learn More Neuromyelitis ... For Professionals Researchers Physicians Nurses Rehabilitation Professionals Mental Health Professionals Health and Wellness Professionals What Is MS? ...

  8. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

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    Full Text Available ... Services in Your Area Living Well with MS Health and Wellness Family and Relationships Mobility & Accessibility Personal Stories Research ... For Professionals Researchers Physicians Nurses Rehabilitation Professionals Mental Health Professionals Health and Wellness Professionals What Is MS? ...

  9. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Conferences and Special Events Corporate Support Share this page Facebook Twitter Email Home What Is MS? Types ... RRMS Discover More Here are a few related topics that may interest you Living with MS (.pdf) ...

  10. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... MS Employment Resources for Specific Populations Find Programs & Services in Your Area Living Well with MS Health and Wellness Family and Relationships Mobility & Accessibility Personal Stories Research Participate in Research Studies ...

  11. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Services in Your Area Living Well with MS Health and Wellness Family and Relationships Mobility & Accessibility Personal ... For Professionals Researchers Physicians Nurses Rehabilitation Professionals Mental Health Professionals Health and Wellness Professionals What Is MS? ...

  12. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... bowel and bladder problems, and problems with cognition (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive ... they may have. Diagnosing relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) Learn More Learn More Treating relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) ...

  13. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Support Insurance & Financial Information Living with Advanced MS Employment Resources for Specific Populations Find Programs & Services in ... Living with MS (.pdf) Download Brochure Focus on Employment (.pdf) Download Brochure Should I Work (.pdf) Download ...

  14. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Family Matters Library & Education Programs Find Support Insurance & Financial Information Living with Advanced MS Employment Resources for ... About the Society Vision Careers Leadership Cultural Values Financials News Press Room MS Prevalence Charitable Ratings Corporate ...

  15. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Matters Library & Education Programs Find Support Insurance & Financial Information Living with Advanced MS Employment Resources for Specific ... and problems with cognition (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive forms of MS are ...

  16. Anomalías del campo gravitatorio y magnético terrestre en la sierra de Socoscora, provincia de San Luis Earth gravity and magnetic field anomalies in the Sierra of Socoscora, San Luis province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Kostadinoff

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available La sierra de Socoscora se ubica en forma meridiana y se manifiesta como un escalón al noroeste de la Sierra Grande de San Luis. En la sierra de Socoscora las rocas del basamento están representadas por metamorfitas de alto grado con escasos afloramientos de metabasitas. Las mediciones del campo gravitatorio y magnético indican la presencia de un volumen mayor de estas rocas en su subsuelo. Los excesos de masa en esta sierra se hallan definidas por anomalías gravimétricas de Bouguer (residuales positivas similares a las encontradas en la Sierra Grande de San Luis. La magnetometría indica, a partir de las respuestas positivas, la existencia de rocas máficas con concentraciones anómalas de minerales magnéticos.The Sierra de Socoscora is a north - south trending mountain range, located nortwest of the Sierra Grande of San Luis. The basament is constituted by high grade metamorphic rocks with few associated metabasites. Earth gravity and magnetic field measurements are indicative of the presence of bigger volumes of mafic rocks below the surface, which carry anomalous concentrations of ferromagnetic and/or paramagnetic minerals (magnetite and/or sulfides. An excess of mass below this Sierra is shown by Bouguer gravimetric anomalies with magnitudes similar to those measured in the Sierra Grande de San Luis. Positive magnetic anomalies are indicative of the presence of mafic rocks with anomalous concentrations of magnetic minerals.

  17. Major and trace elements assessment in sediment samples from Rio Grande Reservoir, by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Rio Grande Reservoir, Southeast of the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA) supplies water for four counties (Sao Bernardo do Campo, Sao Caetano do Sul, Santo Andre and Diadema). It has been seriously affected by urban expansion, due to chaotic urban occupation and improper use of the surrounding areas. In this study bottom sediment samples were collected, by using a Van Veen sampler, during the dry and rainy seasons. Four sampling points were defined by using GPS and are located at the mouth of the Rio Grande and Ribeirao Pires Rivers, in the middle of the reservoir and near the catchment point of the water supply. The sediment samples were submitted to instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and the following elements were determined: As, Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U e Zn and the rare earth elements Ce, Eu, La, Lu, Nd, Sm, Tb, Yb. Short irradiation was also performed for total Hg determination by NAA using 197Hg radioisotope. This was possible due to the high Hg concentration levels in these sediments. The methodology validation was carried out by certified reference material analyses. The results obtained for multielemental concentrations in the sediment samples were compared to NASC (North American Shale Composite) values. The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr, Hg and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to the Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values) and adopted by CETESB. (author)

  18. Fitossociologia de trechos da vegetação do Complexo de Campo Maior, Campo Maior, PI, Brasil Phytosociology in parts of vegetation from Campo Maior Complex in Campo Maior Municipality, Piauí State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Raquel Soares de Farias

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de contribuir para o conhecimento da fitofisionomia de transição de uma área no município de Campo Maior, recoberto pela vegetação denominada Complexo de Campo Maior, utilizou-se o método de quadrantes, considerando todos os indivíduos lenhosos incluídos cipós, com diâmetro do caule ao nível do solo (DNS > 3cm. Foram alocados 100 pontos em cada área, Alto do Comandante e Baixão da Cobra, situadas na Fazenda Lourdes. Amostrou-se 46 espécies na primeira área e 44 na segunda, totalizando 68 espécies. Os valores de densidade e de área basal foram 2.730 e 2.799ind ha-1 e 38,22 e 38,58m² ha-1, respectivamente. As espécies com maior Índice do Valor de Importância (IVI em Alto do Comandante foram Casearia ulmifolia Vahl ex Vent., Aspidosperma subincanum Mart., Combretum leprosum Mart. e Bauhinia ungulata L. A primeira posição de C. ulmifolia foi em conseqüência dos três parâmetros relativos. Apenas as três espécies de maiores IVI contribuíram com os maiores Índices do Valor de Cobertura (IVC. Em Baixão da Cobra, a espécie de maior IVI foi Aspidosperma subincanum Mart., também em conseqüência dos valores dos três parâmetros relativos. Destacou-se ainda, Combretum mellifluum Eichler, Bauhinia pulchella Benth. e Buchenavia capitata (Vahl. Mart. As quatro espécies com maiores IVI corresponderam as de maiores IVC. O índice de diversidade de Shannon (H' foi de 3,20 e 3,09nats ind-1, para o Alto do Comandante e Baixão da Cobra, estes valores podem ser considerados altos quando comparados aos encontrados em trabalhos desenvolvidos na Caatinga, Carrasco e Cerrado no Nordeste brasileiro.With the purpose to contribute to the knowledge of the phytophysionomy of transition in a area in Campo Maior province, recover for a vegetation denominated Complex of Campo Maior, utilized the Quadrants Method considering all stem diameter of > 3cm at the soil level. They were allocated 100 points in each area, Alto do

  19. Fibromialgia: perspectivas de um campo problemático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Eduardo Ponciano Aragon

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho está ligado a pesquisas a respeito de processos de subjetivação e adoecimento contemporâneos, pela abordagem afirmativa e não reducionista da fibromialgia. Formula-se uma metodologia chamada de afirmação do campo problemático, a qual procura resistir à abordagem dialética e à negativação dos sinais e sintomas, para captar a processualidade do jogo de afetos e da produção de signos de hoje, fazendo uso de instrumental psicanalítico, filosófico e clínico. A indiscernibilidade dos limites, a multiplicação de superfícies e a alienação dos ritmos participantes dos processos vitais de individuação surgem como resultados da pesquisa e propõe-se abordar um corpo-questão como território de incidência política, ética e clínica.

  20. ``Campo del Cielo'' Meteorites: Astronomical Heritage and Cultural Colonialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Alejandro Martín; Altman, Agustina

    2012-09-01

    In the province of Chaco, Argentina, there is a very unique dispersion of metallic meteorites called ``Campo del Cielo''. One of the meteoric fragments of this dispersion, the meteorite called ``El Chaco'', consisting of 37 tons, is the second heaviest in the world. These meteorites are of great importance to the worldview of the Moqoit, aboriginal people that inhabit this region. For the local Creole population the meteorites are also relevant, that's why they have being cited in numerous documents and reports since the colonial period. During the first months of 2012, two Argentine artists and the Artistic Director of the German contemporary art exhibition called dOCUMENTA (13) tried to move ``El Chaco'' meteorite to Germany in order to exhibit it as an artistic object. Due to the fact that moving the meteorite could have a negative impact according to the Moqoit cosmology and that they were not able to participate in the decision they begun a manifestation against the movement of El Chaco. The opposition made by aboriginal communities and experts in cultural astronomy was able to stop the transfer. The whole process and its impact on the local community have promoted a deep discussion about art, science and cultural colonialism. In this paper we aim to address this debate and its consequences. This will allow us to think about contemporary forms of colonialism that are hidden in many scientific and artistic projects. Furthermore, we aim to debate about the most effective ways of protecting astronomical heritage in the Third World.

  1. A METRIC FOR A CHIRAL POTENTIAL FIELD UNA MÉTRICA PARA UN CAMPO POTENCIAL QUIRAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Torres-Silva

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present an example of a specific metric which geometrizes explicitly a light-like four-vector potential (chiral field. The geometrization shows that such a vector has the same geometrical structure as a gravitational Kerr field. We discuss a theoretical proposition that a rotating body generates, besides a special gravitational field, a magnetic-type gauge field which might be identified with a chiral geometrized field. This chiral field represents a novel type of field because we cannot identify it with any of the known electromagnetic fields. As an application of this theory we discuss the morphology of the planets around the sun.En este trabajo se presenta un ejemplo de una métrica especifica que geometriza explícitamente un potencial cuadrivector tipo luz (campo quiral. La geometrización muestra que tal vector tiene la misma estructura geométrica que un campo gravitacional Kerr. Se discute una proposición teórica que un cuerpo rotante genera, su gravitación y el calibre de campo tipo magnético que puede ser identificado con un campo quiral geometrizado. Este campo quiral representa un tipo novedoso de campo que no puede ser identificado con alguno de los campos electromagnéticos conocidos. Como aplicación de esta teoría se discute la morfología de los planetas alrededor del sol.

  2. Optics along the Rio Grande Research Corridor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New Mexico's scientific, technological, and educational resources are concentrated along a 300-mile stretch of the Rio Grande, from Los Alamos in the north to the Las Cruces in the south. This area contains two major multidisciplinary national laboratories (Los Alamos and Sandia), three military R and D centers, three state universities, and numerous other technology-based organizations, including a growing number of ''high-tech'' businesses and industries. The state of New Mexico has initiated a program to develop these resources for economic growth through the establishment of the Rio Grande Research Corridor. Much of the future development along the Corridor will involve optics and optical technologies. This session of the Southwest Conference on Optics reviewed the various projects in the Rio Grande Research Corridor, focusing on applications of optics

  3. Status of the KASCADE-Grande Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Kampert, K H

    2002-01-01

    The status and capabilities of the KASCADE-Grande extensive air shower experiment are presented. The installation is located at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and comprises a large collecting area (0.5 km^2) electromagnetic array (Grande) operated jointly with the existing KASCADE detectors. KASCADE-Grande will cover the primary energy range 10^16 eV < E_0 < 10^18 eV overlapping with KASCADE around 10^16 eV, thus providing continuous information on the primary energy and mass of cosmic rays from 3x10^14 eV up to 10^18 eV. The major goal of the measurements is the unambiguous observation of the``iron knee'' expected in the cosmic ray spectrum at E_k^{Fe} ~ 10^17 eV.

  4. MS/MS/MS reveals false positive identification of histone serine methylation

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Junmei; Chen, Yue; Zhang, Zhihong; Xing, Gang; Wysocka, Joanna; Zhao, Yingming

    2010-01-01

    Methylation of lysine and arginine residues is known to play a key role in regulating histone structure and function. However, methylation of other amino acid residues in histones has not been previously described. Using exhaustive nano-HPLC/MS/MS and blind protein sequence database searches, we tentatively assigned methylation to serine 28 of histone H3 from calf thymus. The assignment was in agreement with our stringent manual verification rules, co-elution in HPLC/MS/MS with its correspond...

  5. Turismo em territórios de grande densidade religiosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siegrid Guillaumon

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo ----- O turismo tem sido entendido por organismos internacionais como atividade com grande potencial para promover o desenvolvimento econômico e, ao mesmo tempo, que valoriza a cultura e promove a preservação das paisagens naturais. Seguindo as diretrizes internacionais, no Brasil, o turismo passou a ser entendido como uma indústria com grande potencial para gerar empregos e divisas, e se fortalece por meio da promoção da diversidade cultural, que pode estar associada às diversas culturas materiais e religiosas. Para compreender a gestão do turismo em contextos que articulam cultura, religião e desenvolvimento territorial, este ensaio teórico aponta limitações nos dois conceitos disponíveis na literatura, quais sejam, o conceito de turismo cultural e o conceito de turismo religioso, ao mesmo tempo que propõe o conceito de ‘turismo em territórios de grande densidade religiosa’, o qual incorpora o reconhecimento das dinâmicas de poder presentes nos territórios como elementos que interferem na forma como se planeja o turismo. Mobilizam-se entendimentos do campo da antropologia e da geografi a para a gestão a fim de sustentar que a discussão teórica conduzida tem um potencial explicativo para o turismo em diversas escalas territoriais, e, também, em contextos nos quais existe o diálogo entre turismo e religião. ----- Tourism in Territories of High Religious Density ----- Abstract ----- Tourism has been understood by international organizations as an activity with great potential to promote economic development, while valuing cultures and promoting the protection of natural landscapes. Following international guidelines, tourism in Brazil has begun to be understood as an industry with great potential to generate jobs and income and is strengthened through the promotion of cultural diversity which may be associated with material and religious cultures. To understand the management of tourism in contexts that

  6. LC-MS and MS/MS in the analysis of recombinant proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coulot, M.; Domon, B.; Grossenbacher, H.; Guenat, C.; Maerki, W.; Müller, D. R.; Richter, W. J.

    1993-03-01

    Applicability and performance of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) is demonstrated for protein analysis. ESIMS is applied in conjunction with on-line HPLC (LC-ESlMS) and direct tandem mass spectrometry (positive and negative ion mode ESlMS/MS) to the structural characterization of a recombinant protein (r-hirudin variant 1) and a congener phosphorylated at threonine 45 (RP-1).

  7. Applicazione dei laser scanner terrestri in campo agro-forestale e ambientale

    OpenAIRE

    Duce, Pierpaolo; Ferrara, Roberto; Arca, Bachisio

    2011-01-01

    Le tecniche di laser scanning terrestre suscitano un interesse sempre più crescente sia in campo ambientale sia in campo agro-forestale in quanto consentono un’acquisizione rapida e affidabile di nuvole di punti 3D in grado di rappresentare tridimensionalmente gli oggetti rilevati. In un lasso di tempo relativamente breve, tali tecniche hanno aperto la strada ad un ampio spettro di applicazioni in pieno campo. Al di là della misura interattiva di nuvole georeferenziate di punti, le tecniche p...

  8. Impacto da participação especial em campos gigantes offshore de petróleo Impact of special participation tax in offshore petroleum giant fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Mendes Gandra

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando um cenário como estudo de caso, objetiva-se explorar o impacto econômico da Lei que rege a cobrança da Participação Especial (PE pela Agência Nacional do Petróleo (ANP sobre a decisão de investimento em projetos situados exclusivamente em campos gigantes de petróleo no Brasil. Embora este seja um exercício indutivo sem maiores pretensões, ele pode ser tomado como representativo para retratar a realidade das grandes empresas que têm em seu portfolio oportunidades de desenvolvimento de concessões com grande potencial petrolífero. Subsidiariamente, propõe-se uma alternativa ao modelo de tributação vigente.The main objective of this technical study is to show the economic impact of Special Participation Tax on decisions at projects of investments at Brazilian offshore fields with high production of petroleum. An alternative estimation approach is proposed in this paper for Special Participation Tax to facilitate the economic viability of offshore projects. This technical study is only a exercise of a real situation which big companies face when it have the opportunity to develop concessions with high potential of petroleum. Above all, we propose an alternative way to calculate the assessment.

  9. Raft tectonics in northern Campos Basin; Tectonica de jangada (raft tectonics) na area norte da Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Marilia R. de [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF), Campos dos Goytacases, RJ (Brazil)]|[PETROBRAS, Macae, RJ (Brazil). Unidade de Negocio da Bacia de Campos; Fugita, Adhemar M. [Universidade do Estado, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Recursos Humanos da ANP

    2004-07-01

    In the northern area of Campos Basin salt gliding/spreading processes promoted the break-up and transport of Cretaceous and Tertiary rocks overlying the evaporites. This process is known as raft tectonics, and it represents the most extreme form of thin-skinned extension above the salt decollement surface. Three distinct geotectonic domains were recognized that formed in response to the raft tectonics. The first one, confined to the shallower shelf portion of the basin, is characterized by minor extension (pre-raft domain), probably because of small salt thickness and low gradient. In the second domain (or disorganized rafts domain), located in distal platformal and slope areas, seismic sections show the occurrence of blocks or rafts with angular shapes, sometimes imbricated and frequently discontinuous. In the third domain, or domain of organized rafts, located in bacinal region, seismic sections show a more continuous raft pattern, often folded because of salt compression in the distal portions of the basin. The main purposes of this work is to characterize these three tectonic domains distinguished by raft tectonics, as well as their importance in hydrocarbon accumulations in calcarenites. (author)

  10. Evaluation of elemental composition of clays from Campos Gerais (MG); Avaliacao da composicao elementar de argilas de Campos Gerais (MG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Joao P.M.; Maduar, Marcelo F.; Silva, Paulo S.C da, E-mail: jpmm0697@hotmail.com [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    There are numerous applications given to clays including oil and water adsorbent, ceramic, whitening of beverages, porcelain, waste treatment, organic carrier molecules in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, support for catalysts. In the pharmaceutical industry, the clays are used as excipients, diluents, desiccants, emulsifiers, to mask undesirable flavors, isotonic agent such as charger and delivery of active substances. These characteristics have contributed to the expansion of the search for applications of clay minerals in the cosmetic industry. The aim of this study was to determine the elemental composition of clays from Campos Gerais, Minas Gerais, with a view to their applicability in the production of cosmetics. The elements As, Ba, Br, Ce, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, K, La, Lu, Na, Nd, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Ta, Tb, Th,U, Yb and Zn were determined by neutron activation analysis and radionuclide activity concentration of {sup 226}Ra, {sup 228} Ra, {sup 210}Pb and {sup 40}K were determined by gamma spectrometry. It was verified that the activity concentration of radionuclides was in the same concentration as the global average, indicating that these samples do not present a risk of increased radiation exposure. The concentration of most elements determined is less than or equal to the overall mean concentrations, indicated by the values of Continental Upper Crust. (author)

  11. Custos hospitalares da meningite causada por Streptococcus pneumoniae na cidade de São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brasil Hospital costs related to streptococcal meningitis among children in São José dos Campos, São Paulo State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Bianca Rezende Lucarevschi; Ana Maria de Ulhôa Escobar; Sandra Grisi

    2012-01-01

    O conhecimento dos custos hospitalares é de grande importância para os processos de tomada de decisão em saúde pública. O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar os custos hospitalares diretos relacionados à meningite pneumocócica em crianças com até 13 anos (inclusive), na cidade de São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brasil, de janeiro de 1999 a dezembro de 2008. Foram obtidos dados de prontuários médicos. O cálculo foi realizado pelo método misto de mensuração das quantidades dos itens de custos e a...

  12. Recent palynological spectra from the Planalto region of the Serra Geral, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: Reconstruction of contemporary vegetation - a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Kriegel, Kerstin

    2006-01-01

    The relationships between vegetation and recent palynomorphs are examined along a areal of 8000 km² in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, South Brazil. This areal is located between Caxias do Sul (NW) and Cambará do Sul (NE), and Canela/Gramado (SW) and the CPCN Pró-Mata (Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza Pró-Mata, SE). Local plant communities of semi-deciduous and deciduous forests, Araucaria forests, Capões, gallery forests, Capoeiras, grasslands (Campos) and anthropogenic affected...

  13. Valoración económica del manglar por el almacenamiento de carbono, Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta.

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold De la Peña; Cesar Augusto Rojas; Marlon De la Peña

    2010-01-01

    La Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (CGSM) genera diferentes bienes y servicios ambientales, por ejemplo, sumidero de carbono, hábitat de flora y fauna, despensa de alimentos y materias primas, entre otros. Se presenta una aproximación a la cuantificación monetaria del servicio de almacenamiento de carbono, con el fin de establecer información base para las decisiones de su uso. Lo anterior se hizo con base en muestreo de campo de 15 árboles de manglar y en mediciones realizadas en cuatro estaci...

  14. Energy and Mass Balance At Gran Campo Nevado, Patagonia, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Kilian, R.; Casassa, G.

    The Gran Campo Nevado (GCN) Ice Cap on Peninsula Muñoz Gamero, Chile, is lo- cated in the southernmost part of the Patagonian Andes at 53S. It comprises an ice cap and numerous outlet glaciers which mostly end in proglacial lakes at sea level. The total ice covered area sums up to approximately 250 km2. GCN forms the only major ice body between the Southern Patagonian Icefield and the Street of Magallan. Its almost unique location in the zone of the all-year westerlies makes it a region of key interest in terms of glacier and climate change studies of the westwind zone of the Southern Hemisphere. Mean annual temperature of approximately +5C at sea level and high precipitation of about 8.000 mm per year lead to an extreme turn-over of ice mass from the accumulation area of the GCN Ice Cap to the ablation areas of the outlet glaciers. Since October 1999 an automated weather station (AWS) is run continuously in the area at Bahia Bahamondes for monitoring climate parameters. From February to April 2000 an additional AWS was operated on Glaciar Lengua a small outlet glacier of GCN to the north-west. Ablation has been measured at stakes during the same pe- riod. The aim of this study, was to obtain point energy and mass balance on Glaciar Lengua. The work was conducted as part of the international and interdisciplinary working group SGran Campo NevadoT and supported by the German Research Foun- & cedil;dation (DFG). Energy balance was calculated using the bulk approach formulas and calibrated to the measured ablation. It turns out, that sensible heat transfer is the major contribution to the energy balance. Since high cloud cover rates prevail, air tempera- ture is the key factor for the energy balance of the glacier. Despite high rain fall rates, energy input from rain fall is of only minor importance to the overall energy balance. From the energy balance computed, it was possible to derive summer-time degree-day factors for Glaciar Lengua. With data from the nearby

  15. El impacto ambiental de campos de golf. Un caso real en Toledo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sobrini, I. M.

    2001-12-01

    , incluido en un ambicioso proyecto de investigación científico-médica sobre las posibilidades terapéuticas y de integración que ofrece el golf para discapacitados medulares, con un enfoque cultural adicional de integración de los conocimientos de las tres grandes religiones monoteístas que han cohabitado históricamente en Toledo. La metodología utilizada para realizar el estudio de impacto ambiental ha sido muy particular. extrapolable a casos similares, pero no generalizable. Se basó en la comparación . entre la futura actuación que allí se llevará a cabo y el uso agrario intensivo de regadío que disfruta la finca, así como el uso urbano al que se verá sometido en un plazo no muy lejano, por su imbricación en el núcleo de Toledo. La discusión entre los diferentes impactos ambientales previsibles, a través de matrices que enfrentan los diferentes elementos del medio con las acciones previstas en el proyecto, resultó favorable a la actuación, pues la actividad proyectada se presenta menos agresiva que la actual o que la futura sin el complejo, dado su uso actual intensivo de regadío agrícola. Una adecuada gestión del agua de riego permitirá reducir el consumo desde los 99 l/s que tiene concedidos la finca hasta los 54 l/s necesarios para el campo de golf; mejorando la calidad ambiental de este tramo del Tajo. El cultivo del tapiz vegetal será menos dañino que el cultivo de regadío, pues éste lleva parejo la utilización de gran cantidad de productos químicos. Un posterior mantenimiento ecológico del complejo ayudará a economizar costes y crear conciencia ambiental entre los usuarios. La situación prevista propiciará la integración de este tramo del Tajo en el futuro entramado urbano de Toledo creando una isla verde por el cierre oeste de la que se beneficiarán todos los ciudadanos. El cambio de usos propiciará una mejora sustancial en el medio ambiente de la ciudad de Toledo, así como en otros sectores que se verán afectados

  16. Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) nos campos rupestres do Parque Estadual do Itacolomi, MG, Brasil Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) in the campos rupestres of Itacolomi State Park, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Valquíria Ferreira Dutra; Flávia Cristina Pinto Garcia; Haroldo Cavalcante de Lima

    2009-01-01

    O presente trabalho trata do estudo florístico de Papilionoideae dos Campos Rupestres do Parque Estadual do Itacolomi (PEI), localizado no sul da Cadeia do Espinhaço. O trabalho de campo foi realizado no período entre setembro/2003 e outubro/2004. Foram encontradas 28 espécies de Papilionoideae, reunidas em 18 gêneros, sendo Desmodium o mais representativo, com cinco espécies. São fornecidos neste trabalho chaves analíticas, diagnoses, ilustrações e comentários sobre a distribuição geográfica...

  17. Mancha de Septoria da alface: isolamento, inoculação e avaliação de cultivares em condições de campo e casa de vegetação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa Cristina S.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo estabelecer metodologias adequadas para o isolamento e inoculação de Septoria lactucae e avaliação de nove cultivares de alface (Lactuca sativa, Vitória-de-Santo-Antão, Uberlândia 10.000, Maioba, Elba, Aurélia, Black Seeded Simpson, Grand Rapids, Salad Bowl-Mimosa e Babá de Verão, quanto aos níveis de resistência à septoriose, em condições de casa de vegetação e campo. Os melhores resultados obtidos foram: a para isolamento: transferência dos cirros de conídios diretamente para o meio de BDA com os antibióticos estreptomicina, cloranfenicol, ampicilina e rifampicilina; b para inoculação: aspersão das plantas no estádio de seis a oito folhas com a suspensão de inóculo na concentração de 1 x 10(4conídios/ml, e manutenção em câmara úmida por 48 h. Houve diferenças significativas entre as cultivares testadas em casa de vegetação e em campo. Tanto em casa de vegetação quanto em teste de campo as cultivares Maioba e Vitória de Santo Antão foram avaliadas como a mais susceptível e a mais resistente, respectivamente. Diante desses resultados, a metodologia de casa de vegetação pode ser considerada como altamente promissora para a avaliação rápida de grande número de variedades ou materiais genéticos, nos trabalhos de melhoramento de alface para a resistência à S. lactucae.

  18. Integrated LC-MS/MS system for plant metabolomics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuji Sawada

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS is highly sensitive, selective, and enables extensive detection of metabolites within a sample. The result allows us to characterize comprehensive metabolite accumulation patterns without dependence on authentic standard compounds and isolation of the individual metabolites. A reference database search is essential for the structural assignment process of un-targeted MS and MS/MS data. Moreover, the characterization of unknown metabolites is challenging, since these cannot be assigned a candidate structure by using a reference database. In this case study, integrated LC-MS/MS based plant metabolomics allows us to detect several hundred metabolites in a sample; and integrated omics analyses, e.g., large-scale reverse genetics, linkage mapping, and association mapping, provides a powerful tool for candidate structure selection or rejection. We also examine emerging technology and applications for LC-MS/MS-based un-targeted plant metabolomics. These activities promote the characterization of massive extended detectable metabolites.

  19. Reisipakkumine - Grand Tour Itaalias / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    Tiina Abeli koostatud ja Urmas Viigi kujundatud näitus "Grand Tour. Eesti kunstnikud Itaalias" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 05. aprillini. Loetletud eksponeeritud tööde autoreid. Näitus annab ülevaate, kes siinsetest kunstnikest 19. sajandi algusest kuni 1930ndate aastateni Itaalias käisid ja kuidas see nende loomingut mõjutas

  20. Hilbert's Grand Hotel with a series twist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijeratne, Chanakya; Mamolo, Ami; Zazkis, Rina

    2014-08-01

    This paper presents a new twist on a familiar paradox, linking seemingly disparate ideas under one roof. Hilbert's Grand Hotel, a paradox which addresses infinite set comparisons is adapted and extended to incorporate ideas from calculus - namely infinite series. We present and resolve several variations, and invite the reader to explore his or her own variations.

  1. Old and new trends in grand unification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper a general review of Grand Unified Theories (GUT's) of forces and flavors is presented in a pedagogical way, with emphasis in the solution to the so called fermion mass hierarchy problem (mt/me ∼ 105). The authors review most of the models presented in the literature. A realistic model is presented at the end

  2. The Virtual Grand Tour as Educational Paradigm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Per Skafte; Mouritsen, Lars

    2001-01-01

    The Virtual Grand Tour as defined here bears some resemblance to its 18th century ancestor: a wide range of individual topics are treated as a whole; a tutor, whether real or simulated, present or remote, is provided; a set of problem solving tools forms an integrated part of the "traveller's" eq...

  3. Diagnosis of solid waste management in the town of Campo Bom - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Karin Luise dos Santos; Roberto Naime

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the main items currently subject to recycling in Brazil to make a diagnosis on the management of domestic solid waste in the city of Campo Bom, in the catchment of the river valley of Sinos. The city of Campo Bom is neighboring the town of Novo Hamburgo. The survey is based on data supplied by the local administration COOLABORE (Cooperative Urban Cleaning and Construction). cooperative scavengers or environmental agents in the city and visits to Central treatment of house...

  4. LC-MS-based metabolomics

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Bin; Xiao, Jun Feng; Tuli, Leepika; Ressom, Habtom W

    2011-01-01

    Metabolomics aims at identification and quantitation of small molecules involved in metabolic reactions. LC-MS has enjoyed a growing popularity as the platform for metabolomic studies due to its high throughput, soft ionization, and good coverage of metabolites. The success of LC-MS-based metabolomic study often depends on multiple experimental, analytical, and computational steps. This review presents a workflow of a typical LC-MS-based metabolomic analysis for identification and quantitatio...

  5. Behandling av gangfunksjon ved MS

    OpenAIRE

    Unsvåg, Helene Halsteinli

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Background: Fampyra is a potassium channel blocker that reduces the leakage through ion-channels. Fampyra is approved for use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have walking difficulties. Previous studies have shown that Fampyra can have a positive effect on walking speed in patients with MS. Objectives: To investigate the effect of Fampyra in a group of MS patients and see the effect on walking speed and endurance. In addition, we wanted to examine whether factors such as...

  6. Hydrogen Rearrangement Rules: Computational MS/MS Fragmentation and Structure Elucidation Using MS-FINDER Software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsugawa, Hiroshi; Kind, Tobias; Nakabayashi, Ryo; Yukihira, Daichi; Tanaka, Wataru; Cajka, Tomas; Saito, Kazuki; Fiehn, Oliver; Arita, Masanori

    2016-08-16

    Compound identification from accurate mass MS/MS spectra is a bottleneck for untargeted metabolomics. In this study, we propose nine rules of hydrogen rearrangement (HR) during bond cleavages in low-energy collision-induced dissociation (CID). These rules are based on the classic even-electron rule and cover heteroatoms and multistage fragmentation. We evaluated our HR rules by the statistics of MassBank MS/MS spectra in addition to enthalpy calculations, yielding three levels of computational MS/MS annotation: "resolved" (regular HR behavior following HR rules), "semiresolved" (irregular HR behavior), and "formula-assigned" (lacking structure assignment). With this nomenclature, 78.4% of a total of 18506 MS/MS fragment ions in the MassBank database and 84.8% of a total of 36370 MS/MS fragment ions in the GNPS database were (semi-) resolved by predicted bond cleavages. We also introduce the MS-FINDER software for structure elucidation. Molecular formulas of precursor ions are determined from accurate mass, isotope ratio, and product ion information. All isomer structures of the predicted formula are retrieved from metabolome databases, and MS/MS fragmentations are predicted in silico. The structures are ranked by a combined weighting score considering bond dissociation energies, mass accuracies, fragment linkages, and, most importantly, nine HR rules. The program was validated by its ability to correctly calculate molecular formulas with 98.0% accuracy for 5063 MassBank MS/MS records and to yield the correct structural isomer with 82.1% accuracy within the top-3 candidates. In a test with 936 manually identified spectra from an untargeted HILIC-QTOF MS data set of human plasma, formulas were correctly predicted in 90.4% of the cases, and the correct isomer structure was retrieved at 80.4% probability within the top-3 candidates, including for compounds that were absent in mass spectral libraries. The MS-FINDER software is freely available at http

  7. The Marlin and Albacora giant fields, Campos Basin, offshore Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Souza, J.M.; Scarton, J.C.; Candido, A.; Cora, C.A.G. (Petrobras, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

    1990-09-01

    The Albacore and Marlim giant fields are located in the province of Campos basin, about 110 km (68 mi) offshore Cape Sao Tome, in water depths ranging from 200 m (656 ft) to 2,000 m (6562 ft). The Albacora field was discovered in September 1984 by the wildcat 1-RJS-297, drilled in 293 m (961 ft) of water. Subsequently, the wildcats 1-RJS-305 and 1-RJS-342 extended the field limits to deeper waters. The Albacora field is approximately 235 km{sup 2} (90 mi{sup 2}) in area, with an estimated volume of 4.5 billion bbl of oil in place. The Marlim field was discovered in February 1985 by the wildcat 1-RJS-219A, in a water depth of 853 m (2,800 ft). The Marlim field area is about 152 km{sup 2} (58 mi{sup 2}), and the latest estimate of oil in place is about 8.2 billion bbl. The Marlim complex encompasses Marlim field itself and the surrounding proved and potential areas known as East-of-, West-of-, and South-of-Marlim, respectively. The current estimated volume of oil in place in the Marlim complex is close to 13.9 billion bbl, with a total surface of about 350 km{sup 2} (135 mi{sup 2}). Oil production in the Albacora field comes from Lower Cretaceous (Albian) and Tertiary (Eocene, Oligocene, and Miocene) turbidite reservoirs. Oligocene turbidite sandstones are the potential reservoirs in the Marlim field. These deposits are genetically associated with sea level variations and are mainly composed of massive sandstones and, subordinately, of contourites. Both fields are structurally and stratigraphically controlled accumulations. Hydrocarbons are trapped in anticlines and/or faulted blocks associated with salt tectonics. Stratigraphic contributions result from sandstone bodies pinching out against shales and marls. The development of these fields has been supported by three-dimensional seismic data. The Albacora field is being gradually put on stream from shallower to deeper waters.

  8. Alimentary habits of raw milk consumer from Campo Mourão – PR/ Hábitos alimentares do consumidor de leite cru de Campo Mourão – PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia M.S. Bezerra

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, raw milk is largely consumed, especially within rural communities. A large parcel of total Brazilian milk production is commercialized without any thermal treatment or processing, contradicting the Federal Legislation and offering risks to consumers health. This paper looks for tracing the profile of raw milk consumers from urban zone of Campo Mourão city, western Paraná State, Brazil, and objectives to give information for official organs act in control of raw milk commercialization and development of awareness programs for population. A research was effectuated in 423 houses from urban zone based in a questionnaire with questions about milk consumption, raw milk consumption and its origin. The data was compiled and analyzed by Epi Info v 1.1 software (CDC. 33.57% of population consumed raw milk, and this was linked to the idea that it is healthier. A great part of population did not know the risks of raw milk consumption. The delivery is effectuated at the consumer house (89.60%, usually between 9:00 and 10:00 AM (52.00% was plastic bottles (54.00%. The majority of population did not know that the raw milk commercialization is forbidden. The results show the necessity of effective measures to control raw milk commercialization and stress the need of population awareness programs concerning the raw milk consumption risks.No Brasil o consumo de leite cru é bastante alto, especialmente em comunidades rurais. Grande parte da produção de leite no Brasil é comercializada sem nenhum tratamento térmico ou processamento, contradizendo a Legislação Federal, além de oferecer riscos à saúde do consumidor. Este trabalho busca traçar um perfil do consumidor de leite cru na cidade de Campo Mourão, região oeste do Paraná, Brasil, com o objetivo de fornecer informações para órgãos oficiais atuarem no controle desse mercado informal e em programas de conscientização da população. Dessa forma, foi realizado um levantamento em

  9. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Community Stay Informed Corporate Support Share this page Facebook Twitter Email Home What Is MS? Types of ... resources. Start Here Start Here Colophon Join Us Facebook Twitter LinkedIn YouTube Pinterest MS Connection Stay Informed ...

  10. Determination of Glyphosate Levels in Breast Milk Samples from Germany by LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinborn, Angelika; Alder, Lutz; Michalski, Britta; Zomer, Paul; Bendig, Paul; Martinez, Sandra Aleson; Mol, Hans G J; Class, Thomas J; Costa Pinheiro, Nathalie

    2016-02-17

    This study describes the validation and application of two independent analytical methods for the determination of glyphosate in breast milk. They are based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS), respectively. For LC-MS/MS, sample preparation involved an ultrafiltration followed by chromatography on an anion exchange column. The analysis by GC-MS/MS involved an extraction step, cleanup on a cation exchange column, and derivatization with heptafluorobutanol and trifluoroacetic acid anhydride. Both methods were newly developed for breast milk and are able to quantify glyphosate residues at concentrations as low as 1 ng/mL. The methods were applied to quantify glyphosate levels in 114 breast milk samples, which had been collected from August to September of 2015 in Germany. The mothers participated at their own request and thus do not form a representative sample. In none of the investigated samples were glyphosate residues above the limit of detection found. PMID:26808680

  11. Progressive-Relapsing MS (PRMS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... now be considered primary progressive : active (at the time of relapses or new MRI lesions) or not active . Share Smaller Text Larger Text Print Progressive-relapsing MS (PRMS) Diagnosing PRMS Treating PRMS Research in PRMS The National MS Society is Here to Help Need More Information? We ...

  12. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and Special Events Corporate Support Share this page Facebook Twitter Email Home What Is MS? Types of ... resources. Start Here Start Here Colophon Join Us Facebook Twitter LinkedIn YouTube Pinterest MS Connection Stay Informed ...

  13. ms2: A molecular simulation tool for thermodynamic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deublein, Stephan; Eckl, Bernhard; Stoll, Jürgen; Lishchuk, Sergey V.; Guevara-Carrion, Gabriela; Glass, Colin W.; Merker, Thorsten; Bernreuther, Martin; Hasse, Hans; Vrabec, Jadran

    2011-11-01

    This work presents the molecular simulation program ms2 that is designed for the calculation of thermodynamic properties of bulk fluids in equilibrium consisting of small electro-neutral molecules. ms2 features the two main molecular simulation techniques, molecular dynamics (MD) and Monte-Carlo. It supports the calculation of vapor-liquid equilibria of pure fluids and multi-component mixtures described by rigid molecular models on the basis of the grand equilibrium method. Furthermore, it is capable of sampling various classical ensembles and yields numerous thermodynamic properties. To evaluate the chemical potential, Widom's test molecule method and gradual insertion are implemented. Transport properties are determined by equilibrium MD simulations following the Green-Kubo formalism. ms2 is designed to meet the requirements of academia and industry, particularly achieving short response times and straightforward handling. It is written in Fortran90 and optimized for a fast execution on a broad range of computer architectures, spanning from single processor PCs over PC-clusters and vector computers to high-end parallel machines. The standard Message Passing Interface (MPI) is used for parallelization and ms2 is therefore easily portable to different computing platforms. Feature tools facilitate the interaction with the code and the interpretation of input and output files. The accuracy and reliability of ms2 has been shown for a large variety of fluids in preceding work. Program summaryProgram title:ms2 Catalogue identifier: AEJF_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEJF_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Special Licence supplied by the authors No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 82 794 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 793 705 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Fortran90 Computer: The

  14. Influência dos fatores abióticos e da disponibilidade de presas sobre comunidade de serpentes do Planalto Médio do Rio Grande do Sul Influence of abiotic factors and availability of prey on the occurrence of snakes in the middle plateau region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Noeli Zanella; Sonia Z. Cechin

    2009-01-01

    A influência dos fatores abióticos sobre a disponibilidade de presas e a dieta das espécies de serpentes mais abundantes do Planalto Médio do Rio Grande do Sul, foi estudada em duas áreas: floresta e campo. O trabalho foi desenvolvido utilizando serpentes coletadas com os métodos: procura limitada por tempo, encontros ocasionais, armadilhas de interceptação e queda, e serpentes depositadas na coleção de répteis da Universidade de Passo Fundo. Foram registradas as guildas alimentares das seis ...

  15. The Grand Tack model: a critical review

    CERN Document Server

    Raymond, Sean N

    2014-01-01

    The `Grand Tack' model proposes that the inner Solar System was sculpted by the giant planets' orbital migration in the gaseous protoplanetary disk. Jupiter first migrated inward then Jupiter and Saturn migrated back outward together. If Jupiter's turnaround or "tack" point was at ~1.5 AU the inner disk of terrestrial building blocks would have been truncated at ~1 AU, naturally producing the terrestrial planets' masses and spacing. During the gas giants' migration the asteroid belt is severely depleted but repopulated by distinct planetesimal reservoirs that can be associated with the present-day S and C types. The giant planets' orbits are consistent with the later evolution of the outer Solar System. Here we confront common criticisms of the Grand Tack model. We show that some uncertainties remain regarding the Tack mechanism itself; the most critical unknown is the timing and rate of gas accretion onto Saturn and Jupiter. Current isotopic and compositional measurements of Solar System bodies -- including ...

  16. ANTRACNOSE DO CAQUIZEIRO CAUSADA POR Colletotrichum horii: INCIDÊNCIA EM RAMOS, FOLHAS, FLORES E FRUTOS EM CAMPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENATO REZENDE YOUNG BLOOD

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a incidência em várias partes da planta e o desenvolvimento da antracnose do caquizeiro causada por Colletotrichum horiinas cultivares Fuyu e Kakimel produzidas sob os sistemas orgânico e convencional, respectivamente, nas safras de 2010/2011 e 2011/2012, em Campina Grande do Sul, Paraná, Brasil. Em cada pomar, 10 plantas foram selecionadas aleatoriamente, e 10 ramos do ano por planta, distribuídos ao redor dacopa, foram marcados para as avaliações de incidência de antracnose em ramos e folhas, a cada 15 dias. A quantificação de frutos caídos com ou sem sintomas da doença foi a cada 15 dias, durante o período de crescimento de frutos até a colheita, relacionada com a produção total. C. horii em flores foi avaliada em campo e também após incubação no laboratório. Infecção latente foi observada em frutos verdes coletados aos 90; 120 e 150 dias após a floração. Em ambas as safras, observou-se a queda de frutos com sintomas de antracnose entre os meses de janeiro e abril. C. horii é capaz de infectar flores, permanecer latente e provocar sintomas de antracnose em frutos imaturos. Frutos colhidos sadios apresentaram sintomas em pós-colheita após a incubação.

  17. PUBLIC HEALTH: Grand Challenges in Global Health

    OpenAIRE

    Varmus, H.; Klausner, R; Zerhouni, E.; Acharya, T.; Daar, A S; Singer, P A

    2003-01-01

    This week an international panel announces a list of 14 Grand Challenges in Global Health, and scientists throughout the world will be invited to submit grant proposals to pursue them with funds provided by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. We describe the characteristics of these challenges and the process by which they were formulated and selected after receiving over 1000 responses to a "call for ideas" from the scientific community.

  18. Between two evils: Investors prefer grand corruption!

    OpenAIRE

    Graf Lambsdorff, Johann

    2005-01-01

    Recent empirical studies claim that, in addition to levels of corruption, investors are deterred by its unpredictability. I claim instead that it is petty corruption that deters investors. I employ seven subcomponents of corruption for a sample of 102 countries that appear in the 2003 Global Competitiveness Report of the WEF. The second principal component of this data depicts a grand, political type, embracing corruption in government policymaking and in judicial decisions as opposed to corr...

  19. Grand Challenges in Music Information Research

    OpenAIRE

    Goto, Masataka

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses some grand challenges in which music information research will impact our daily lives and our society in the future. Here, some fundamental questions are how to provide the best music for each person, how to predict music trends, how to enrich human-music relationships, how to evolve new music, and how to address environmental, energy issues by using music technologies. Our goal is to increase both attractiveness and social impacts of music information research in the fut...

  20. Tourist Satisfaction with Hospitality Services on River Ship “Ms River Aria”

    OpenAIRE

    Nikola Vuksanović; Karolina Simat

    2013-01-01

    The main prerequisite for a successful business of hospitality services and building customer loyalty is to develop measures for improving and development hospitality services and offer. This paper presents the results of tourists satisfaction surveys based on the measurement of expected and perceived levels of quality hospitality services on a river ship “MS River Aria” company “Grand Circle Cruise Line”. The survey was conducted between March and September 2012 on the itinerary: Amsterdam -...

  1. Raptor Use of the Rio Grande Gorge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ponton, David A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-03-20

    The Rio Grande Gorge is a 115 km long river canyon located in Southern Colorado (15 km) and Northern New Mexico (100 km). The majority of the canyon is under the administration of the Bureau of Land Management {BLM), and 77 km of the canyon south of the Colorado/New Mexico border are designated Wild River under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1968. Visits I have made to the Rio Grande Gorge over the past 15 .years disclosed some raptor utilization. As the Snake River Birds of Prey Natural Area gained publicity, its similarity to the Rio Grande Gorge became obvious, and I was intrigued by the possibility of a high raptor nesting density in the Gorge. A survey in 1979 of 20 km of the northern end of the canyon revealed a moderately high density of red-tailed hawks and prairie falcons. With the encouragement of that partial survey, and a need to assess the impact of river-running on nesting birds of prey, I made a more comprehensive survey in 1980. The results of my surveys, along with those of a 1978 helicopter survey by the BLM, are presented in this report, as well as general characterization of the area, winter use by raptors, and an assessment of factors influencing the raptor population.

  2. Dans le grand collisionneur du CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Campanelli, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Ce livre fait pénétrer le lecteur non initié dans l’instrument scientifique le plus grand du monde. D’ailleurs, le web fut précisément inventé à Genève en vue d’une collaboration aussi gigantesque. Résultat de vingt ans de recherche, le LHC, Grand collisionneur de hadrons, est l’anneau de 26,7 km creusé sous la frontière francosuisse, où sont accélérés, en sens opposés, des paquets de particules jusqu’à des vitesses et des énergies extrêmes. Ainsi la physique s’est-elle engagée dans une étape nouvelle de nos connaissances. Après les grandes découvertes de l’univers et de la réalité microscopique du siècle dernier, le collisionneur nous fait progresser aujourd’hui dans un «nuage de probabilités» aux frontières de l’antimatière. Dans une bousculade de particules, voici le champ convoité du boson de Higgs. Mario Campanelli, professeur associé à l’Université de Londres et collaborateur au projet ATLAS du LHC, propose, dans cet ouvrage, de s’introduire pas �...

  3. Proton decay in grand unified theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interactions which violate the conservation of baryon and lepton number represent an intrinsic part of all grand unified theories (GUTs) of strong and electroweak interactions. These new interactions - predicted within the framework of GUTs - generate B and L violating four-fermion interactions via the exchange of superheavy particles which cannot be ascribed a well-defined baryon or lepton number. The effective coupling constant of these four-fermion interactions might be large enough to make the proton decay detectable by the present generation of experiments. In this review the basic concepts of conventional as well as supersymmetric GUTs relevant for proton decay are sketched. The baryon number violating sector of grand unified theories is discussed in more detail. Special emphasis is laid on the various selection rules arising as consequences of low-energy gauge invariance and supersymmetry for proton decay. These selection rules already determine the coarse pattern of the resulting decay modes and branching ratios without any reference to or detailed knowledge of the underlying grand unified theory. Finally the numerous theoretical predictions are summarized and confronted with experiment. (Author)

  4. [Grand Banks activity : updates and opportunities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview of the exploration and on-going activities by the petroleum industry on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland was presented. The two offshore oil developments underway are Hibernia and Terra Nova, both located in the Jeanne d'Arc Basin. Current production from Hibernia is 68,000 bopd, expected to rise to 130,000 bopd in 1999. The Terra Nova Field is still under development. Total recoverable reserves from the 17 discoveries made in the Jeanne d'Arc Basin are estimated at 1.6 billion barrels of oil and 4 trillion cubic feet of gas. Industry participants in the area include Amoco, Petro-Canada, Mobil, Chevron, Husky and Norsk Hydro. Petro-Canada believes the Grand Banks represent one of the best opportunities for oil anywhere in the world. There are currently 21 exploration licenses held on the Grand Banks. Major attractions of the area include the large reserve potential, the relatively low finding costs, the size of the pools being discovered, improvements in offshore technology that have substantially lowered development costs, and a profit-sensitive generic royalty regime that ensures reasonable rates of return for investors. figs

  5. Desenvolvimento de um equipamento de grandes dimensões para análise de estruturas de pavimentos

    OpenAIRE

    Francis Massashi Kakuda; Alexandre Benetti Parreira; Glauco Túlio Pessa Fabbri

    2011-01-01

    Resumo: O artigo apresenta o desenvolvimento, a montagem e um exemplo de aplicação de um equipamento de grande porte (seção de 1,5 x 1,5m e altura de 1,2m) para o ensaio em laboratório de estruturas de pavimentos com materiais, espessuras de camadas e condições de carregamento similares às de campo. O carregamento cíclico é aplicado por um cilindro pneumático alimentado por um compressor de ar. A instrumentação é constituída de LVDTs, células de carga e d...

  6. Comunidade de aves no Parque Estadual da Fonte Grande, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil Birds of the Parque Estadual da Fonte Grande, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José E. Simon

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho divulga a composição da comunidade de aves no Parque Estadual da Fonte Grande (PEFG, Vitória, Espírito Santo, com base em levantamentos de campo realizados entre janeiro e dezembro de 2003. Com um esforço de campo em torno de 450 horas, obtivemos um total de 120 espécies, distribuídas em 37 famílias. Pelo método Jackknife 1, estimou-se uma riqueza de 146 espécies (129 This paper provides the avifauna composition recorded between January and December 2003 in the Fonte Grande State Park (PEFG, municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. We obtained a total of 120 species belonging to 37 families, after 450 hours of field work. We estimated a richness of 146 species (129 < IC(95% < 163, according to Jackknife 1 method. However, the species accumulation curve has not reached its assintotics. Four species out of 120 recorded are endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (Leucopternis lacernulatus, Phaethornis idaliae, Thamnophilus ambiguus and Attila rufus, and one of them (L. lacernulatus is included in the list of Brazilian birds threatened with extinction. The comparison among the three basic inventory methods (auditive, sightseeing and net capture revealed that the sightseeing method detected the largest number of species (x² = 17.55, p < 5%, of which 26 (22% were recorded exclusively by this method. This result is explained by the dominance of open landscape species in the Park, associated with the type of field work employed in this study.

  7. Educação do campo, desigualdades sociais e educacionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Antônia de Souza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste texto é caracterizar a gênese da prática e concepção da educação do campo, atentando para a concentração da terra e da propriedade como elementos estruturais geradores de desigualdade social. É propósito, ainda, destacar as principais conquistas efetivadas de 1990 até 2012 no âmbito da educação do campo e pontuar conflitos judiciais em torno do direito à educação superior entre os povos do campo. As reflexões apresentadas neste artigo são oriundas de pesquisa bibliográfica e documental, bem como de estudos empíricos realizados no período de 2002 a 2012. Tem-se como pressuposto central que a educação do campo é fruto de experiência coletiva construída pelos movimentos e organizações de trabalhadores do campo.

  8. Finite element analysis of the I-40 bridge over the Rio Grande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrar, C.R.; Duffey, T.A.; Goldman, P.A.; Jauregui, D.V.; Vigil, J.S.

    1996-01-01

    In the 1960s and 1970s numerous bridges were built in the US with a design similar to those on Interstate 40 (I-40) over the Rio Grande in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) have provided funds to New Mexico State University (NMSU) through the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department (NMSH and TD) and The Alliance For Transportation Research (ATR) for evaluation and testing of the existing fracture-critical bridges over the Rio Grande. Because the I-40 Bridges over the Rio Grande were to be razed during the summer of 1993, the investigators were able to introduce damage into the structure in order to test various damage identification methods and to observe the changes in load paths through the structure caused by the cracking. To support this research effort, NMSU contracted Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to perform experimental modal analyses, and to develop experimentally verified numerical models of the bridge. A previous report (LA-12767-MS) summarizes the results of the experimental modal analyses. This report summarizes the numerical analyses of the bridges and compares the results of these analyses to the experimental results.

  9. Qualitative identification of rodenticide anticoagulants by LC-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleberg, Robert A; Homan, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    Rodenticide anticoagulants are used in the control of rodent populations. In addition to accidental ingestions in humans, such agents have also been used for homicidal and suicidal purposes. There are two major groups of rodenticide anticoagulants - hydroxycoumarins and indanediones. Before the advent of LC-MS/MS, analysis for such agents was relegated to such techniques as TLC and HPLC with nonspecific modes of detection. LC-MS/MS has been used to determine any given number of rodenticide anticoagulants in animal tissues, foods, plasma, etc. Use of this technique allows for the simultaneous identification of individual compounds within both classes of rodenticide anticoagulants. The LC-MS/MS method presented allows for simultaneous qualitative identification of brodifacoum, bromadiolone, chlorphacinone, dicumarol, difenacoum, diphacinone, and warfarin in blood, serum, and plasma using ESI in the negative mode. Two transitions are monitored for each analyte after a simple sample preparation. Chromatographic separation is accomplished using a gradient of ammonium hydroxide in water and ammonium hydroxide in methanol. Chloro-warfarin is used as internal standard. PMID:22767114

  10. Proposta de atividade de campo para o ensino de biodiversidade usando formigas como modelo = A field work proposal for teaching biodiversity using ants as a model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Soares Cordeiro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available As atividades de campo continuam sendo um caminho árduo para o professor, entretanto, elas representam um dos principais passos para o estudo da biodiversidade. Nosso país é considerado megadiverso, mas ensinar sobre esse tema é complexo. Assim, o objetivo desse trabalho foi delinear um protocolo de atividades de campo para que o professor possa aplicar durante suas aulas sobre diversidade biológica. As formigas foram escolhidas como modelo de estudo, pois são ricas e abundantes na grande maioria dos ecossistemas tropicais. Foram usadas iscas de sardinha em óleo comestível para a coleta desses insetos; e para a obtenção de um volume de material biológico suficiente paraembasar as discussões pertinentes sobre o assunto proposto serão necessárias três expedições de coleta, com 15 iscas cada uma.The field works is still a hard way for the teacher; however, they represent a major step for the study of biodiversity. Our country is considered mega-diverse but teaching this subject is complex. The objective of this study was to outline a protocol for field works sothat the teachers can implement it during their lectures about biodiversity. The ants were chosen as study model since they are rich and abundant in most tropical ecosystems. Sardine baits were used in edible oil to collect these insects; and in order to obtain enoughvolume of biological material to base the discussions concerning the proposed issue three collection expeditions will be required, using 15 baits each.

  11. Composition of essential oils from the leaves of six species of the Baccharis genus from 'campos de altitude' of the atlantic forest of Sao Paulo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The essential oils from the leaves of six species of the Baccharis genus (B. dracunculifolia, B. microdonta, B. regnelli, B. schultzii, B. trimera, and B. uncinella), collected in the 'Campos de Altitude' of the Atlantic Forest (SP), were extracted using hydrodistillation procedures and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. There was a predominance of sesquiterpenes in all studied oils as β-elemene in B. dracunculifolia and B. regnelli, α-humulene in B. trimera, γ-gurjunene in B. schultzii, bicyclogermacrene in B. regnelli, δ-cadinene in B. regnelli and B. uncinella, spathulenol in B. schultzii, caryophyllene oxide in B. microdonta and guaiol in B. uncinella. However, a high amount of monoterpenes was also observed in B. uncinella (α-pinene), B. regnelli (δ-car-3-ene) and B. schultzii (limonene). The chemical compounds of the essential oils of B. schultzii, B. regnelli and B. microdonta are described for the first time in this work. (author)

  12. Rizóbios nativos do Rio Grande do Sul simbioticamente eficientes em Lotus glaber Rhizobia native from Rio Grande do Sul simbiotically efficient in Lotus glaber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo de Albuquerque Fontoura

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available As leguminosas forrageiras, além de contribuírem para o aumento da oferta de forragem com alto teor de proteína, também são importantes como cobertura vegetal de solos. Entre as leguminosas com grande potencial forrageiro, espécies do gênero Lotus têm se destacado. Este trabalho visou à seleção de rizóbios nativos eficientes em Lotus glaber a partir de amostras de solo de cinco localidades do Rio Grande do Sul. Obtiveram-se 259 isolados de rizóbios, que foram avaliados quanto à morfologia colonial e produção de melanina. Destes, 15 isolados foram selecionados para avaliação da eficiência na fixação simbiótica de nitrogênio em experimento em casa de vegetação e caracterizados geneticamente por comparação do perfil eletroforético dos produtos de amplificação do DNA genômico, por PCR com os oligonucleotídeos iniciadores BOX e ERIC. Apenas cinco isolados produziram melanina. Nove isolados foram mais eficientes do que a estirpe SEMIA 830, que é autorizada para a produção de inoculante para L. glaber no país. Na caracterização genética, observou-se que nenhum isolado apresentou identidade com as estirpes recomendadas, o que demonstra que, nos solos do Rio Grande do Sul, existem rizóbios autóctones eficientes na fixação simbiótica de nitrogênio com L. glaber, podendo ser recomendados para estudos a campo, visando a uma futura produção de inoculantes para estas leguminosas no Brasil.Forage legumes besides contributing to increase the supply of high protein content forage are also good cover for the soil surface. Among the legumes with high potential forage, the genus Lotus has been outstanding. This research aimed to selectnative rhizobia efficient in fixing nitrogen with Lotus glaber, from soil samples of five localities of Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 259 rhizobia isolates were obtained, which were evaluated based on colony morphology and in vitro melanin production. Among them, 15 isolates were selected

  13. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... fibers themselves. During these inflammatory attacks, activated immune cells cause small, localized areas of damage which produce ... MRI) scans, and these lesions contain more inflammatory cells. People with primary progressive MS (PPMS) tend to ...

  14. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Medicines For Clinicians Resources & Support Family Matters Library & Education Programs Find Support Insurance & Financial Information Living with Advanced MS Employment Resources for Specific Populations Find Programs & Services in ...

  15. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... 20s and 30s (although it can occur in childhood or later adulthood), while the onset of PPMS ... progressive forms of MS are more likely to experience gradually worsening problems with walking and mobility, along ...

  16. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... working effectively. How does RRMS differ from progressive types of MS? While RRMS is defined by attacks ... bowel and bladder problems, and problems with cognition (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive ...

  17. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Join the Community Stay Informed Corporate Support Share this page Facebook Twitter Email Home What Is MS? ... RRMS) Share Smaller Text Larger Text Print In this article Overview RRMS – the most common disease course – ...

  18. MS Disease-Modifying Medications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... better, they can be looked upon as an investment in the future. Clinical studies have demonstrated that ... org or 1-800-344-4867. The Society publishes many other resources about various aspects of MS. ...

  19. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... bowel and bladder problems, and problems with cognition (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive forms of MS are more likely to experience gradually worsening problems with walking and mobility, along ...

  20. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) - National Multiple Sclerosis Society Skip to navigation Skip to content Menu Navigation National Multiple Sclerosis Society Sign In In Your Area Donate Make a ...

  1. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you and your MS care provider discuss your treatment options and expected outcomes. For example: If you ... will likely want to consider a more aggressive treatment approach than if there were no evidence of ...

  2. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... membranes surrounding nerve fibers in the central nervous system (CNS)), as well as the nerve fibers themselves. ... and problems with cognition (learning and memory or information processing). People with progressive forms of MS are ...

  3. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Populations Find Programs & Services in Your Area Living Well with MS Health and Wellness Family and Relationships ... of new MRI activity) or not active , as well as worsening (a confirmed increase in disability over ...

  4. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in RRMS include episodic bouts of fatigue, numbness, vision problems, spasticity or stiffness, bowel and bladder problems, ... Pinterest MS Connection Stay Informed About the Society Vision Careers Leadership Cultural Values Financials News Press Room ...

  5. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... CIS) Newly Diagnosed Diagnosing Tools Other Conditions to Rule Out For Clinicians Treating MS Comprehensive Care Find ... inflammation. People with RRMS tend to have more brain lesions — also called plaques or scars — on magnetic ...

  6. Campo magnético generado por N bobinas alineadas axialmente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Gutiérrez Tapia

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El cálculo del campo magnético generado por n bobinas axialmente alineadas permanece como un importante problema técnico en el proceso de construcción de los diferentes dispositivos para confinar el plasma con perfiles de campo externo tipo espejo. A partir de los métodos numéricos existentes para el cálculo de las integrales elípticas de primera clase k y segunda clase e, se describe la obtención de expresiones simples para calcular el campo magnético por el método de las ecuaciones elípticas.

  7. Educação do campo, desigualdades sociais e educacionais

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Antônia de Souza

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste texto é caracterizar a gênese da prática e concepção da educação do campo, atentando para a concentração da terra e da propriedade como elementos estruturais geradores de desigualdade social. É propósito, ainda, destacar as principais conquistas efetivadas de 1990 até 2012 no âmbito da educação do campo e pontuar conflitos judiciais em torno do direito à educação superior entre os povos do campo. As reflexões apresentadas neste artigo são oriundas de pesquisa bibliográfica e ...

  8. EINSTEIN EQUATIONS FOR TETRAD FIELDS ECUACIONES DE EINSTEIN PARA CAMPOS TETRADOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Torres-Silva

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Every metric tensor can be expressed by the inner product of tetrad fields. We prove that Einstein's equations for these fields have the same form as the stress-energy tensor of electromagnetism if the total external current . Using the Evans' unified field theory, we show that the true unification of gravity and electromagnetism is with source-free Maxwell equations.Todo tensor métrico puede ser expresado por el producto interno de campos tetrados. Se prueba que las ecuaciones de Einstein para esos campos tienen la misma forma que el tensor electromagnético de momento-energía si la corriente externa total es igual a cero. Usando la teoría de campo unificado de Evans se muestra que la verdadera unificación de la gravedad y el electromagnetismo es con las ecuaciones de Maxwell sin fuentes.

  9. Needs assessment for the Greenway Grand Forks-East Grand Forks development and public education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munski, Laura

    Following the flood of 1997, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers included the Greenway Grand Forks---East Grand Forks (the Greenway) as a flood control measure for Grand Forks, North Dakota and East Grand Forks, Minnesota. It extends along both the Red River of the North and the Red Lake River, encompassing 2200 acres of land. The cities of Grand Forks and East Grand Forks hired consultants to assist with the postflood planning process. The planning process culminated with the Red River of the North Greenway Final Report (Flink, 1998). The purpose of this study was to determine if the development of the Greenway addressed the objectives of the planning report. The history of the land adjacent to the rivers was reviewed to document the progression of riverfront development. Anecdotal evidence was collected, field observations were made, city council minutes were reviewed, Greenway Technical Committee members were interviewed, Greenway Technical Committee minutes were reviewed, and the Greenway Grand Forks---East Grand Forks survey results were reviewed to determine if the objectives of the Red River of the North Greenway Final Report were addressed. A cross section survey was designed by Laura Munski for this dissertation research. The survey was approved by the Greenway Technical Committee. The survey collected both quantitative and qualitative data from the community. The purpose of the survey portion of the research project was to ascertain how residents were kept informed of activities on the Greenway and what amenities residents were using on the Greenway and to solicit their comments regarding the Greenway. The results of the survey research were used in both marketing and event planning for the Greenway. The singular qualitative survey question gave respondents an opportunity to share their comments regarding the Greenway. The qualitative data analysis provided insight to the amenities and educational programs desired by respondents, their concerns regarding the

  10. Grandes hitos de la historia de la novela euroamericana (El siglo XIX: los grandes maestros).

    OpenAIRE

    Bravo Castillo, Juan

    2010-01-01

    Con este segundo volumen de Grandes hitos de la historia de la novela euroamericana. El siglo XIX: Los grandes maestros, he proseguido lo que desde un principio pretendí que fuera un vasto recorrido por la novelística tanto de Europa como de América, siguiendo los parámetros del canon occidental, desde los orígenes del género hasta nuestros días. Nacida a partir de un proyecto I+D con el objetivo de colmar una laguna existente en España, donde los estudios de Historia Literaria cada vez andan...

  11. Fauna reptiliana do norte da grande Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Thales de Lema; Marisa Ibarra Vieira; Moema Leitão de Araújo

    1983-01-01

    This paper reports the preliminary results of two years of herpetogeographic studies in the region called «Grande Porto Alegre» at its northern portion. The physiognomy shows, at North, slopes of the Brazilian Southern Plateau, more or less forested in a general view; these elevations graãuálly decrease to the South until the levei of the sea to Atlantic littoral by the eastern border, and to Rio Grande do Sul savanah, which extends to Uruguay and Argentina. The biota is transitio...

  12. Co-pirólise de resíduos de polietileno com gasóleo pesado da Bacia de Campos Co-pirolysis of Polyethylene Waste with the Campos Bacia Heavy Oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora da S. Carneiro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, quatro misturas de PEBD pós-consumo com gasóleo pesado da Bacia de Campos, em diferentes proporções, foram submetidas à pirólise em atmosfera inerte a 550 °C. Os líquidos pirolíticos foram caracterizados por cromatografia em fase gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas (CG/EM. A pirólise do gasóleo puro forneceu elevado teor de resíduo e apenas 4% hidrocarbonetos na faixa do óleo diesel. Por outro lado, a pirólise da mistura de gasóleo com PEBD (na proporção 1/0,5 em m/m forneceu 20% de hidrocarbonetos leves com elevada produção de óleo pirolítico (96%. Desta forma, pode-se concluir que a pirólise de resíduos plásticos com gasóleo pesado pode ser uma tecnologia promissora não apenas para aumentar a formação de hidrocarbonetos leves derivados de gasóleo pesado como também para o reaproveitamento de resíduos plásticos.In this study, four mixtures of LDPE post consumer with heavy gas from the Campos Basin, in different proportions, were subjected to pyrolysis in an inert atmosphere at 550 °C. The pyrolytic liquids were characterized by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS. Pyrolysis of pure diesel supplied large amounts of waste oil and only 4% in the range of diesel. On the other hand, the pyrolysis of LDPE mixture of diesel (at the ratio 1/0,5 m/m provided 20% of light hydrocarbons with high production of pyrolytic oil (96%. The formation of high levels of paraffins and olefins in the range of diesel oil during the co-pyrolysis suggests a promising technology for recycling of plastic waste.

  13. Public policy and the adaptation to climate changes: the case of the Campos basin; Politica publica e adaptacao as mudancas climaticas: o caso de bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaffel, Silvia B. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia. Lab. Interdisciplinar do Meio Ambiente (LIMA)], e-mail: silviabs@ppe.ufrj.br; Barata, Martha [Fundacao Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)], e-mail: barata@ioc.fiocruz.br; Andrade, Euridice S. Mamede de [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Fac. de Administracao e Ciencias Contabeis], e-mail: mamede@barralink.com.br; La Rovere, Emilio Lebre [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Planejamento Energetico], e-mail: emilio@ppe.ufrj.br

    2008-07-01

    This paper proposes public policy measurements to support the adaptation to climate changes at the the influence region of E and P of petroleum and gas at the Campos basin applying a simplification of the Adaptation Policy Framework for Climate Change (APF) tool developed in a project of United Nations Development Programme - UNDP and Global Environment Facility - GEF (UNDP-GEF, 2001) viewing to help the developing countries in their adaptation policies.

  14. O campo dos economistas franceses no fim dos anos 90: lutas de fronteira, autonomia e estrutura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Lebaron

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available A noção de economista, longe de simples e evidente, é objeto de numerosas lutas de definição. O exemplo do campo dos economistas franceses, analisado a partir de um conjunto de entrevistas, observações de dados prosopográficos, revela certas características dessas lutas. Estas opõem detendores de formas diferenciadas de capital, que estão elas mesmas em correspondência com posições distintas no campo do poder. Nessas lutas, estão em questão ao mesmo tempo a autonomia e a estrutura desse campo científico. A fraca autonomia relativa do campo da ciência econômica se faz acompanhar de uma forte homologia entre a estrutura desse campo e aquela do campo do poder francês em seu conjunto.The concept of the economist, rather than being a simple and evident one, is the object of numerous conflicting definitions. The example of the field of French economists, as analysed in a set of interviews and the observation of prospographical data, reveal certain characteristics of these conflicts. These struggles oppose those who detain differentiated forms of capital, which are themselves in correspondence with distinct positions in the field of power. These conflicts put into question both the autonomy and the structure of this scientific field. The relatively weak autonomy of the field of economical sciences is followed by a strong homology between the structure of this field and that of the field of French power in its entirety.

  15. El conflicto ambiental en el Campo de Gibraltar 1969-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Cerrillo Vidal

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La comarca de El Campo de Gibraltar (en Cádiz, Sur de España aloja uno de los polos industriales más importantes del país, pero ha generado una fuerte reacción ambientalista en la población, pese a constituir su principal fuente de riqueza y empleo. Es más, son los propios trabajadores de las industrias quienes muestran una conciencia ambiental más acusada, lo que contradice la literatura existente. Basándose en un estudio cualitativo realizado en 2005, este artículo trata de indagar en las causas de esta particular configuración del conflicto ambiental de El Campo de Gibraltar, además de discutir un artículo publicado anteriormente en esta misma revista, en el que se valoraba el desarrollo del complejo industrial de la comarca únicamente en función del coste de oportunidad de no haber optado por otros modelos de desarrollo.Palabras Clave: Conflicto ambiental, Campo de Gibraltar, costes de la industrialización, metodología cualitativa.__________________Abstract:The region of Campo de Gibraltar (in Cadix, South of Spain is one of the most important industrial center of our country. This fact was generated a strong reaction environmentalist among the people, although the industry is the most important wealth in the region. Even the industrial workers have a very important concern environmental. In this paper, we use a previously qualitative work for examine the causes of this particular configuration of environmental conflict in Campo de Gibraltar. Also, we qualify another article, published in this review, which analyze the development of industry in that region in connection with others development models.Keywords: environmental conflict, Campo de Gibraltar, price of industrialization, qualitative methodology

  16. Papilionoideae (Leguminosae nos campos rupestres do Parque Estadual do Itacolomi, MG, Brasil Papilionoideae (Leguminosae in the campos rupestres of Itacolomi State Park, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valquíria Ferreira Dutra

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho trata do estudo florístico de Papilionoideae dos Campos Rupestres do Parque Estadual do Itacolomi (PEI, localizado no sul da Cadeia do Espinhaço. O trabalho de campo foi realizado no período entre setembro/2003 e outubro/2004. Foram encontradas 28 espécies de Papilionoideae, reunidas em 18 gêneros, sendo Desmodium o mais representativo, com cinco espécies. São fornecidos neste trabalho chaves analíticas, diagnoses, ilustrações e comentários sobre a distribuição geográfica e fenologia de cada espécie.A floristic study of Papilionoideae in the campos rupestres of Itacolomi State Park, South Espinhaço Range, was carried out. Field work took place from September 2003 to October 2004. Twenty eight species of Papilionoideae, grouped into 18 genera, were found. Desmodium was the most representative with five species. Analytical keys, diagnoses, illustrations and comments on the geographic distribution and phenology of each species are also presented.

  17. EL PROCESO DE SELECCIÓN NATURAL EN EL CAMPO SOCIAL DEL BALLET EN CUBA

    OpenAIRE

    Hamlet Betancourt León

    2010-01-01

    El campo del ballet es un sistema social conflictivo donde se manifiesta gran competitividad -reflejada en continuas selecciones sociales y naturales- para cumplimentar la fantasía de todos los bailarines: bailar públicamente. El objetivo de esta investigación es demostrar la pertinencia del supuesto teórico darwinista de selección natural en la discriminación de belleza escénica de la figura del bailarín en el sistema piramidal de selección, formación y desempeño profesional del campo cubano...

  18. Four new species of Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Campos Basin, southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrerette, Orlemir; Nogueira, João Miguel De Matos

    2013-01-01

    Four new species of Polycirrus were collected at the Campos Basin, state of Rio de Janeiro, during a survey coordinated by CENPES/PETROBRAS under the scope of the project, "Environmental Heterogeneity in the Campos Basin". These species are P. nonatoi sp. nov., P. papillosus sp. nov., P. breviuncinatus sp. nov., and P. habitats sp. nov. All these species are herein described and compared with the morphologically most similar congeners. In addition, a key is provided for the identification of the species of Polycirrus which have been originally described for the Brazilian coast. PMID:26176130

  19. Estudio y pruebas de campo de WUSNs (Wireless Underground Sensor Networks)

    OpenAIRE

    Merino Garrido, Samuel

    2007-01-01

    Las redes de sensores son un campo de investigación muy activo. La gran variedad de aplicaciones que poseen en distintos campos induce a pensar que funcionarían correctamente para monitorizar entornos subterráneos. Por ejemplo, la agricultura utiliza los sensores subterráneos para supervisar condiciones del suelo tales como agua y contenido mineral. Los sensores también se utilizan con éxito para supervisar la integridad de las infraestructuras del subsuelo tales como tuber...

  20. Loque americana : Ensayos de campo para evaluar la efectividad de algunos aceites esenciales

    OpenAIRE

    Albo, Graciela N.; Cerimele, Elsa; De Giusti, Marisa Raquel; Alippi, Adriana Mónica; Ré, María Susana

    2001-01-01

    Se realizaron diferentes ensayos de campo y de laboratorio para valorar la efectividad de los aceites esenciales procedentes de lemongrass (pasto limón), tomillo, orégano y ajedrea, en la prevención y control de las infecciones de loque americana (AFB) en colmenas pobladas con Apis mellifera ligustica. Los valores de DL50 para las pruebas de toxicidad aguda oral en abejas adultas se calcularon comprobando que los aceites esenciales no fueran tóxicos. Se diseñaron dos experimentos de campo, du...

  1. A INFLUÊNCIA DO CAMPO MAGNÉTICO NA GERMINAÇÃO DE VEGETAIS

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Henrique Silva Sales; Dayanna Gomes Santos; Luana Lopes Padilha

    2010-01-01

    Atualmente pesquisa-se e estuda-se bastante o fenômeno eletromagnético nas mais variadas áreas do conhecimento, desde os efeitos do campo magnético gerado por aparelhos celulares a pesquisas envolvendo campos magnéticos artificiais em vegetais e na Biofísica. Tudo isto porque o discurso do desenvolvimento auto-sustentável é o alvo do momento, utilizar os recursos do meio sejam eles vegetais ou animais, de forma consciente, de modo que as gerações futuras possam desfrutar dos mesmos assim como...

  2. Sistema portátil de medida de dispositivos sometidos a ensayos en campo

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Lapausa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    El proyecto fin de carrera “Sistema Portátil de Medida de Dispositivos Sometidos a Ensayos en Campo” es un proyecto acometido para el desarrollo y evaluación de un sistema de medición portátil y confiable, que permita la realización de mediciones de curvas I-V en campo, en condiciones reales de funcionamiento. Dado que la finalidad de este proyecto fin de carrera es la obtención de un sistema para la realización de mediciones en campo, en la implementación del proyecto se tendrán como requ...

  3. O trabalho de campo em biogeografia - Homenagem ao Prof. Dr. Felisberto Cavalheiro (1945-2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Junior, Gerson de Freitas

    2014-01-01

    Os trabalhos de campo constituem-se em Biogeografia em importante procedimento da pesquisa científica. No texto a seguir, buscou-se caracterizar os trabalhos de campo de forma geral de acordo com sua importância para o processo de pesquisa em Geografia (especificamente para os ramos da Geografia Física) e para a formação dos geógrafos, além de conceituá-los e destacar algumas de suas especificidades para a Biogeografia.

  4. Luís Cunha, Memória Social em Campo Maior

    OpenAIRE

    Rovisco, Eduarda

    2013-01-01

    Esta obra, que corresponde à edição de uma tese de doutoramento em Antropologia, parte de um trabalho de campo realizado em Campo Maior entre Dezembro de 1997 e Outubro de 1998. A data de realização deste terreno deve ser retida por coincidir com um momento charneira na raia luso-espa­nhola. Por ter decorrido poucos anos após a abertura da fronteira, esta pesquisa implicou uma reflexão sobre o seu impacto nos processos de construção da memória e identidade colectiva, mas permitiu ainda a cole...

  5. HANNAH ARENDT Y LOS CAMPOS DE CONCENTRACIÓN: UNA IMAGEN DEL INFIERNO

    OpenAIRE

    Mariela Cecilia Avila

    2014-01-01

    El presente artículo da cuenta de la reflexión de Hannah Arendt sobre los campos de concentración y exterminio de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, a los que considera la principal institución del poder organizado. Su análisis gira en torno a los campos como espacios en los que se experimenta con la vida de los hombres y donde se demuestra, a su vez, que todo es posible. Este artículo pone el acento en la mirada filosófica de la autora, que vislumbra estos espacios de excepción como la aniquilación ...

  6. Actual stage of organic geochemical knowledge from Campos and Espirito Santo basins, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Campos and Espirito Santo basins display several similar geochemical aspects. The microbial and other degradation processes caused changes in the composition of the oils in the reservoir rocks. The oils are biodegraded in different degrees, with the reservoir temperature developing an important role in the control of the biodegradation process. The migration pathway model is similar for Campos and Espirito Santo basins, involving the upward secondary migration through a window in the evaporitic seals. The oils passed to the marine sequence where migration and accumulation were controlled by faults, regional unconformities and by reservoirs. The geochemical correlation of oils are realized by gaseous and liquid chromatography analysis, carbon isotopes and biolabelled compounds. (author)

  7. Extensión global de campos vectoriales locales en espacios Pseudo-Finsler I, II.

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera Fernández, Jónatan

    2016-01-01

    El problema de extensión global de campos locales (Killing, conformes, etc.) en variedades Pseudo-Riemannianas aparece naturalmente en múltiples contextos. Por ejemplo, es un ingrediente esencial en la prueba de que el grupo de isometrías en una variedad Lorentziana compacta, simplemente conexa y analítica, es compacto. Más recientemente, la cuestión de extensibilidad de campos de Killing fue estudiada también en el contexto del problema de rigidez para agujeros negros en va...

  8. ¿POTENCIAR EL CAMPO MEXICANO? CASO DE SUSTENTABILIDAD Y ALIMENTACIÓN

    OpenAIRE

    Adela Chávez; Lucio Barrueta Duran

    2014-01-01

    La sustentabilidad y alimentación en relación con el campo mexicano es una gran responsabilidad ante la necesidad de potenciar los resultados del mismo ante las diversas instancias que inciden en la toma de decisiones en los procesos de asignación de recursos financieros, en el diseño de reglas de operación así como los criterios para el ejercicio del gasto público para el campo y de esta manera lograr reposicionar a la agricultura como una actividad además de útil en la soberanía alimentaria...

  9. Maternal and fetal outcome in grand multipara

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Study Design: Case control study. Place and Duration of Study: Gynecology and Obstetric Unit-I of the Jinnah Post Graduate and Medical Centre Karachi, from February 2009 to January 2010. Patients and Methods: One hundred (100) patients of grand multipara (GMP), (parity = 5) and 100 patients of multipara (MP) (parity 2-4) were included in the study. Pregnant women with known medical conditions including essential hypertension, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, primigravidas, women with previous caesarean section and twin pregnancies were excluded. Patients were admitted through antenatal clinic and emergency. A detailed history was taken and a physical examination was done with special emphasis on obstetrical examination. Investigations like blood CP, Urine D/R, blood grouping and sonogram were done. During labour, mother and neonates were managed according to ward protocols. Maternal and fetal outcomes were compared among GMPs and MPs. Results: A high frequency of anaemia (81% vs 20%), pregnancy induced hypertension (45%, vs. 26%) and gestational diabetes (9%, vs1%) were seen in GMP as compared to MP group. Frequency of malpresentations (26% vs 15%), postpartum hemorrhage (15%, vs 10%) and intrauterine deaths (26%, vs 13%) were higher in GMP group along with a high caesarean delivery rate (GMP 21%, MP 14%). A higher maternal mortality (GMP 4%, MP 1%) and low APGAR score (GMP 12%, MP 4%) were observed among babies born to grand multipara group. Conclusion: Grand multiparity is associated with adverse outcome for both mother and fetus. Effort should be directed to reduce high parity in the community through effective family planning initiatives. Specialized antenatal and obstetrical care facilities should be available. (author)

  10. Grand Banquet of CDM for Power Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peng Yuanchang; Jin Wen

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Kyoto Protocol was taken into effect on Feb. 16, 2005. It requires developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, but it doesn't set binding limits on developing countries, such as China. The developed countries found that it is more cost-effective to reduce the emissions in developing countries than in their own. Therefore, the CDM emerged as the times require. Due to unfamiliarity and complicatedness, Chinese enterprises had been hesitating and taking wait-and-see attitude toward CDM, but they couldn't resist the attraction of free dinner of CDM, more and more enterprises started to attend the grand banquet of CDM since 2006.

  11. SLAM contraint en environnement de grande taille

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadasan, Datta; Chevaldonné, Marc; Chateau, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    National audience Ce papier présente un algorithme de localisation et cartographie simultanée (ou SLAM pour Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) utilisant des contraintes issues d'un modèle d'environnement, on parle alors de SLAM contraint. L'objectif est d'utiliser un modèle 3D épars de grande taille issu d'une reconstruction de type SFM (Structure From Motion) afin d'estimer le mouvement de la caméra relativement au modèle, même lorsque ce dernier est peu ou pas observé. Il est nécesai...

  12. Grand-mother clocks and quiet lasers

    OpenAIRE

    Arnaud, Jacques; Chusseau, Laurent; Philippe, Fabrice

    2009-01-01

    7 pages Galileo noted in the 16th century that the period of oscillation of a pendulum is almost independent of the amplitude. However, such a pendulum is damped by air friction. The latter may be viewed as resulting from air molecules getting in contact with the pendulum. It follows that air friction, not only damps the oscillation, but also introduces randomness. In the so-called ``grand-mother'' clock, discovered by Huygens in the 18th century, damping is compensated for, on the average...

  13. FOCAL Grande Utopia EM音箱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成师

    2008-01-01

    对于一个真正在音响领域有所追求的品牌来讲,创新与改进是没有尽头的。尽管愈往前发展,技术的突破度会越来越小,但这仍不妨碍品牌向着高境界的持续前行。近期,法国劲浪(FOCAL)最新发表的Grande Utopia EM音箱,便是展示其研发成果的生动例证。

  14. The periodicity of Grand Solar Minimum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velasco Herrera, Victor Manuel

    2016-07-01

    The sunspot number is the most used index to quantify the solar activity. Nevertheless, the sunspot is a syn- thetic index and not a physical index. Therefore, we should be careful to use the sunspot number to quantify the low (high) solar activity. One of the major problems of using sunspot to quantify solar activity is that its minimum value is zero. This zero value hinders the reconstruction of the solar cycle during the Maunder minimum. All solar indexes can be used as analog signals, which can be easily converted into digital signals. In con- trast, the conversion of a digital signal into an analog signal is not in general a simple task. The sunspot number during the Maunder minimum can be studied as a digital signal of the solar activity In 1894, Maunder published a discovery that has maintained the Solar Physics in an impasse. In his fa- mous work on "A Prolonged Sunspot Minimum" Maunder wrote: "The sequence of maximum and minimum has, in fact, been unfailing during the present century [..] and yet there [..], the ordinary solar cycle was once interrupted, and one long period of almost unbroken quiescence prevailed". The search of new historical Grand solar minima has been one of the most important questions in Solar Physics. However, the possibility of estimating a new Grand solar minimum is even more valuable. Since solar activity is the result of electromagnetic processes; we propose to employ the power to quantify solar activity: this is a fundamental physics concept in electrodynamics. Total Solar Irradiance is the primary energy source of the Earth's climate system and therefore its variations can contribute to natural climate change. In this work, we propose to consider the fluctuations in the power of the Total Solar Irradiance as a physical measure of the energy released by the solar dynamo, which contributes to understanding the nature of "profound solar magnetic field in calm". Using a new reconstruction of the Total Solar Irradiance we found the

  15. High resolution magnetic spectrograph 'Grand Raiden'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the report of the last 1988, the basic design of a new high resolution (p/Δp = 37750) magnetic spectrograph of the type QSQDMD (+D), named 'Grand Raiden', was presented. Here, we show results of more detailed ray-tracing calculations; the focal line property, the image aberration, and the compensation of the kinematic broadening by multipole fields. The final design of the new DSR (dipole for spin rotation) for the measurement of in-plane spin observables are also reported. (author)

  16. Lie groups and grand unified theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents some concepts in group theory and Lie algebras and, at same time, shows a method to study and work with semisimple Lie groups, based on Dynkin diagrams. The aproach taken is not completely formal, but it presents the main points of the elaboration of the method, so its mathematical basis is designed with the purpose of making the reading not so cumbersome to those who are interested only in a general picture of the method and its usefulness. At the end it is shown a brief review of gauge theories and two grand-unification models based on SO(13) and E7 gauge groups. (author)

  17. Comparison of MS2-only, MSA, and MS2/MS3 Methodologies for Phosphopeptide Identification

    OpenAIRE

    Ulintz, Peter J.; Yocum, Anastasia K.; Bodenmiller, Bernd; Aebersold, Ruedi; Andrews, Philip C; Nesvizhskii, Alexey I.

    2009-01-01

    Current mass spectrometers provide a number of alternative methodologies for producing tandem mass spectra specifically for phosphopeptide analysis. In particular, generation of MS3 spectra in a data-dependent manner upon detection of the neutral loss of a phosphoric acid in MS2 spectra is a popular technique for circumventing the problem of poor phosphopeptide backbone fragmentation. The newer Multistage Activation method provides another option. Both these strategies require additional cycl...

  18. En el oscuro corazón de la etnografía. Ética y desigualdades en las relaciones íntimas al interior del campo Into the dark heart of ethnography: The lived ethics and inequality of intimate field relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Katherine Irwin

    2008-01-01

    En este artículo, reflejo algunos de los debates con respecto a la intimidad y explotación examinando mi relación con mi informante clave. Recorro la manera en que, a pesar de mis intentos de seguir las guías éticas existentes, reforcé varias y grandes desigualdades en mi postura íntima. Sostengo que nuestras discusiones sobre métodos íntimos y la inmersión en el campo han fallado al observar adecuadamente cómo reforzamos o resistimos la estructura en nuestros esfue...

  19. Introdução e avaliação de clones de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum. em Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ Introduction and evaluation of clones of elephant grass (Pennisetun purpureum Schum. in Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Figueiredo Daher

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Quinze novos clones de capim-elefante e duas cultivares-testemunhas foram avaliados em um delineamento em blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. O experimento foi realizado no Setor de Forragicultura do LZNA/CCTA da Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, no período de fevereiro de 1995 a dezembro de 1997, totalizando 12 cortes. Avaliaram-se produção de matéria seca (MS, em kg/ha/corte, média de 12 cortes; produção de MS da época da seca, em kg/ha; participação da produção da época da seca em relação ao total anual, proporção de folhas na planta, altura das plantas (m, diâmetro do colmo na base (mm e número de perfilhos por metro linear. Com exceção dos clones CNPGL 91: F28-1, F01-2, F13-2 e F10-2 e da cultivar Mineiro, todos os demais destacaram-se quanto à produção de MS por corte, enquanto as variáveis produção de MS da época da seca, participação da produção da época da seca em relação ao total anual e proporção de folhas na planta (com base em MS não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre os clones avaliados. A análise multivariada demonstrou a superioridade dos clones dos grupos 2 (Pioneiro e CNPGL 91 F27-5 e 5 (CNPGL 91 F25-3 e CNPGL 91 F06-3 para produção de matéria seca, constituindo-se em grupos contrastantes e altamente adaptados às condições edafoclimáticas de Campos dos Goytacazes. As variáveis diâmetro do colmo, altura das plantas no corte na época das águas e altura das plantas no corte na época da seca foram consideradas as mais importantes para explicar a dispersão dos clones no plano bidimensional.Fifteen intra specific hybrids and two cultivars of elephant grass were evaluated in a randomized block design with four replicates. The experiment was carried out at the Forage Production Section of LZNA/CCTA of Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, from February/95 to December/97, resulting on 12 harvests. The

  20. The Grand Duchy on the Grand Tour: A Historical Study of Student Migration in Luxembourg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohstock, Anne; Schreiber, Catherina

    2013-01-01

    Since Luxembourg became independent in 1839, practically the entire political, economic and intellectual elite of the country has been socialised abroad. It was only in 2003 that the Grand Duchy set up its own university; before then, young Luxembourgers had to study in foreign countries. Over the past 150 years, Luxembourg has thus experienced…

  1. Barracuda, Caratinga oil field and surroundings: new exploratory and production field at Campos basin, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil; Campos de Barracuda, Caratinga e adjacencias: novo polo exploratorio e de producao na Bacia de Campos, RJ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Celso Carlos; Guardado, Lincoln Rumenos; Moreira, Jobel L.Pinheiro; Esteves, Fernando R.; Andrade, Vander F.; Freitas, Luiz Carlos S.; Soares, Carlos M. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Exploracao

    1994-12-31

    Deep water Albacora and Marlim giant oil field were discovered by PETROBRAS in Campos basin during the 80`s. Deep water exploration was then increased, resulting in new 3 D seismic surveys aiming exploratory targets in the southern and southwestern part of the central producing trend of the basin. Since 1990, exploratory investment was concentrated in these areas and 18 exploratory wells have been drilled, resulting in 10 discoveries, grouped into five new oil fields: Salema (1990), Bijupira (1990), Barracuda (1990), RJS-424 Area (1993) and Caratinga (1994). (author) 5 refs., 9 figs.

  2. Endometriose pélvica: comparação entre imagens por ressonância magnética de baixo campo (0,2 T) e alto campo (1,5 T) Pelvic endometriosis: a comparison between low-field (0.2 T) and high-field (1.5 T) magnetic resonance imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Karine Minaif; David Carlos Shigueoka; Cintia Cristina Satie Minami; Danilo Moulin Sales; José Maria Cordeiro Ruano; Alberto Sinhiti Noguti; Sergio Ajzen; Jacob Szejnfeld

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Comparar a ressonância de baixo campo (0,2 T) com a de alto campo (1,5 T) na avaliação da endometriose pélvica e adenomiose. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram estudadas, prospectivamente, 27 pacientes do sexo feminino com suspeita clínica de endometriose, realizando-se exames de ressonância magnética de alto campo e baixo campo. Um mesmo radiologista realizou a leitura dos exames, iniciando pelo baixo campo, seguido pelo alto campo, usando como padrão-ouro o alto campo. RESULTADOS: Das 27 ...

  3. SUGRA Grand Unification, LHC and Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Nath, Pran

    2012-01-01

    A brief review is given of recent developments related to the Higgs signal and its implications for supersymmetry in the supergravity grand unification framework. The Higgs data indicates that the allowed parameter space largely lies on focal curves and focal surfaces of the Hyperbolic Branch of radiative breaking of the electroweak symmetry where TeV size scalars naturally arise. The high mass of the Higgs leads to a more precise prediction for the allowed range of the spin independent neutralino -proton cross section which is encouraging for the detection of dark matter in future experiments with greater sensitivity. Also discussed is the status of grand unification and a natural solution to breaking the GUT group at one scale and resolving the doublet-triplet problem. It is shown that the cosmic coincidence can be compatible within a supersymmetric framework in a muticomponent dark matter picture with one component charged under $B-L$ while the other component is the conventional supersymmetric dark matter...

  4. Aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Grand Calumet River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Last, Laurel L.; Whitman, Richard L.

    2000-01-01

    The Grand Calumet River is potential habitat for a rich community of aquatic macroinvertebrates. Historical surveys of these organisms have been limited to post-industrialization of the Calumet Region; but because river habitats and conditions prior to industrialization have been described, past macroinvertebrate composition can be inferred. In the past 20 years, several surveys have been conducted in the Grand Calumet that have focused on a limited area, but when these studies are amassed the information available covers much of the river. In this paper, the aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in the river are described, and options for restoration are discussed. Many of the macroinvertebrates present are indicators of high levels of pollution, but a few pollution-sensitive species have been found. There is evidence, however, that the sediment quality has improved since the 1960's, likely due to pollution controls that have been put into place. Restoration opportunities should consider the macroinvertebrate community and the potential to improve sediment habitat without damaging the community structure.

  5. Neutrino mass and grand unification of flavor

    CERN Document Server

    Mohapatra, Rabindra N

    2010-01-01

    The problem of understanding quark mass and mixing hierarchies has been an outstanding problem of particle physics for a long time. The discovery of neutrino masses in the past decade, exhibiting mixing and mass patterns so very different from the quark sector has added an extra dimension to this puzzle. This is specially difficult to understand within the framework of conventional grand unified theories which are supposed to unify the quarks and leptons at short distance scales. In the paper, I discuss a recent proposal by Dutta, Mimura and this author that appears to provide a promising way to resolve this puzzle. After stating the ansatz, we show how it can be realized within a SO(10) grand unification framework. Just as Gell-Mann's suggestion of SU(3) symmetry as a way to understand the hadronic flavor puzzle of the sixties led to the foundation of modern particle physics, one could hope that a satisfactory resolution of the current quark-lepton flavor problem would provide fundamental insight into the na...

  6. Possíveis efeitos adversos dos campos eletromagnéticos (50/60 Hz) em humanos e em animais Potential adverse effects of electromagnetic fields (50/60 Hz) on humans and animals

    OpenAIRE

    Caroline Wanderley Souto Ferreira Anselmo; Francisca Martins Bion; Maria Teresa Jansem de Almeida Catanho; Maria do Carmo Medeiros

    2005-01-01

    Os avanços tecnológicos têm aumentado o número de equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos, seja nas residências ou mesmo no ambiente de trabalho, fazendo com que a população conviva com grande número de fontes de irradiação eletromagnética, com os mais diversos níveis de potência e freqüência. Por muitos anos, alguns cientistas e engenheiros acreditaram que o campo eletromagnético (CEM) com freqüência extremamente baixa não pudesse causar efeitos e alterações significantes no material biológico....

  7. A vegetação de campos de altitude (áreas de refúgio) no maciço Ibitiraquiri - Serra do Mar no Estado do Paraná

    OpenAIRE

    Tramujas, Alvaro de Paola

    2013-01-01

    Foram estudados aspectos florísticos e fisionômicos de áreas de Refúgio Altomontano Herbáceo-Arbustivo. Ocorrem sobre montanhas do estado do Paraná, ao longo da Costa Atlântica - Serra do Mar - do sul do Brasil. A vegetação de Campos de Altitude cobre cerca de 500 hectares acima de 1300 m s.n.m. em elevações graníticas do maciço Ibitiraquiri e no pico Capivari Grande, onde está a maior altitude do Brasil meridional, o Pico Paraná (1887 m; 25°15'S; 48°48'W). A flora e a estrutura deste tipo de...

  8. Analogía mecánica de la autointeracción no-lineal de campos

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Paulin; Máximo Agüero Granados

    2000-01-01

    Se estudian las soluciones tipo partículas de dos modelos importantes de la teoría clásica de campos: j4 y j6. Se investigan las soluciones ligadas a condiciones de frontera trivial y de tipo condensado, es decir, en las que el campo en el infinito es constante y no se anula.

  9. Salida de campo a Zaratán (Valladolid) el 3 de julio de 1955

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Zaratán (Valladolid) el 3 de julio de 1955, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Apus apus (Vencejo común), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Ficedula hypoleuca (Papamoscas cerrojillo, llamado Muscicapa hypoleuca por el autor), Merops apiaster (Abejaruco europeo) y Otus scops (Autillo europeo).

  10. Bit keskus. (Uuendusliku Tehnoloogia Keskus) Inca, Mallorca, Hispaania / Alberto Campo Baeza

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Campo Baeza, Alberto

    1998-01-01

    High-tech büroo kolmnurksel krundil industriaalpargis. Krundi sisemuses suletud alal "salaaed" apelsinipuudega. Seintel ronivad aromaatse lõhnaga taimed: jasmiinid, vistaaria, viinapuud. Konkurss 1995, ehitus 1997-1998. Arhitekt Alberto Campo Baeza (koos: L. Ignacio Aguirre Lopez, Anton Garcia Abril, Antonio Perez Villegas)

  11. Salida de campo a La Rubia (Valladolid) el 1 de octubre de 1950

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a La Rubia (Valladolid) el 1 de octubre de 1950, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Corvus monedula (Grajilla, llamado Coloeus por el autor), Larus ridibundus (Gaviota reidora), Milvus milvus (Milano real), Motacilla alba (Lavandera blanca) y Motacilla cinerea (Lavandera cascadeña).

  12. Salida de campo a La Rubia (Valladolid) el 22 de diciembre de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a La Rubia, en Valladolid capital, el 22 de diciembre de 1953 (este dato podría ester equivocado, siendo 1952), de la que se anotó la observación de un Milvus milvus (Milano real) por Luis Valverde Gómez, hermano del autor.

  13. Reconfiguração de campo do familiar cuidador do portador de Alzheimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Costa Brasil

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A doença de Alzheimer é uma enfermidade neurodegenerativa, progressiva e irreversível, de aparecimento insidioso, e com a evolução da doença seu portador perde a autonomia e precisa de um cuidador que lhe dedique total atenção. Diante deste contexto, este trabalho objetivou descrever e compreender como ocorre a reconfiguração de campo do familiar cuidador responsável pelo portador de Alzheimer. Para tanto, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, pautada na perspectiva fenomenológica e na teoria de campo, fundamento teórico da abordagem Gestáltica, e utilizou-se o método de Amedeo Giorgi. O estudo desenvolveu-se com três cuidadoras familiares de pacientes portadores de Alzheimer diagnosticados havia mais de seis meses. Encontraram-se quatro categorias que descrevem a reconfiguração do campo das cuidadoras: Assumindo a responsabilidade em cuidar; Mudanças na família; Rede de apoio social; e Estratégias de enfrentamento. Concluiu-se que o processo de reconfiguração do campo do familiar cuidador é longo e passa por diversas reestruturações dinâmicas e estruturais.

  14. Trabajo de campo: seguridad en taludes y desniveles. II taller práctico

    OpenAIRE

    Bravo Domínguez, Pedro; Lamana Ballarín, Adela

    2012-01-01

    Cartel y presentación de 11 páginas con texto, fotos y esquemas - Segundo taller dedicado a la seguridad en los trabajos que tienen lugar en el campo y en las actividades de senderismo, celebrado el día 30 de octubre de 2012 en el Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología en Zaragoza.

  15. Ferramentas de análise molecular e os agentes das grandes endemias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goldenberg Samuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Os desenvolvimentos recentes no campo da biologia molecular abrem novas perspectivas para o estudo, diagnóstico e terapêutica das grandes endemias que afetam sobretudo as nações em desenvolvimento. As técnicas de manipulação de genes permitem a expressão de antígenos de patógenos em larga escala, com a potencial utilização como reagentes para diagnóstico ou imunógenos. Adicionalmente, essas técnicas poderão levar à obtenção de novas vacinas vivas atenuadas. Por outro lado, a determinação da seqüência dos genomas de patógenos poderá levar a novos alvos para o desenho racional de drogas com potencial quimioterápico. Entretanto, esses avanços só estarão à disposição dos países em desenvolvimento se houver um programa contínuo de investimento e de formação e valorização de recursos humanos competentes nessas novas tecnologias.

  16. Murders of Transvestites and Transsexual in Rio Grande do Sul: crimes based in gender? Asesinatos de travestis y transexuales en Rio Grande do Sul: ¿crímenes basados ​​en el género? Assassinatos de Travestis e Transexuais no Rio Grande do Sul: crimes pautados em gênero?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Fabiano Guimarães

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Transvestites and transsexuals represent an exposed population to the different situations of vulnerabilities, in relation to sexual orientation, gender identities and relations with the society. We proposed this research to analyze the murders of this population in the Rio Grande do Sul, understood as homicides based in gender. This article presents the methodological changes throughout the process of the research that occurred during the immersion of researchers in the field, from four areas of analysis: context of the research; the murders of transvestites and transsexuals as gender murders; the process of data generation and the reflections to build of a comprehensive field. Through this study, we hope to contribute for building methodologies to address this issue.Travestis y transexuales son una población expuesta a diferentes situaciones de vulnerabilidad debido a la orientación sexual, identidad de género y las relaciones con la sociedad. Hemos propuesto este estudio para analizar los asesinatos de esta población en Rio Grande do Sul, entendidos como asesinatos por razones de género. Este artículo presenta los cambios metodológicos que se han producido durante el proceso de investigación y la inmersión de los investigadores en el campo, a partir de cuatro ejes: la contextualización de la investigación, los asesinatos de travestis y transexuales como homicidios de género, la generación de datos y reflexiones para apoyar la construcción de un campo explicativo. Con este estudio, esperamos poder contribuir a la construcción de metodologías para abordar esta cuestión.Travestis e transexuais constituem uma população exposta a diferentes situações de vulnerabilidade, devido à orientação sexual, identidade de gênero e relações com a sociedade. Propusemos esta pesquisa para analisar os assassinatos dessa população no Rio Grande do Sul, entendidos como homicídios baseados em gênero. Este artigo apresenta as mudan

  17. Preface to a GUT (Grand Unified Theory)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Grand Unified Theory (GUT) is proposed exhibiting relativistic invariance and based on a physical model for vacuum space consisting of the superposition of oppositely charged continuous fluids. Models for the photon, electron, neutrino, proton, etc., consist of separate unique variations in the relative densities of the fluids and their flow patterns. This GUT is also based on the use of transfinite axiomatic number forms and on a concept of metrical relativity which hopefully reconciles the many logical dichotomies in and between Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. These ideas result in a number of experimental proposals and predicted results which appear to be underivable from present paradigms, first among which is a physical model for the hidden variable of Quantum Mechanics. It is on these features that attention should rest. (Auth.)

  18. A unified grand tour of theoretical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Lawrie, Ian D

    2013-01-01

    A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics invites its readers to a guided exploration of the theoretical ideas that shape our contemporary understanding of the physical world at the fundamental level. Its central themes, comprising space-time geometry and the general relativistic account of gravity, quantum field theory and the gauge theories of fundamental forces, and statistical mechanics and the theory of phase transitions, are developed in explicit mathematical detail, with an emphasis on conceptual understanding. Straightforward treatments of the standard models of particle physics and cosmology are supplemented with introductory accounts of more speculative theories, including supersymmetry and string theory. This third edition of the Tour includes a new chapter on quantum gravity, focusing on the approach known as Loop Quantum Gravity, while new sections provide extended discussions of topics that have become prominent in recent years, such as the Higgs boson, massive neutrinos, cosmological perturba...

  19. Gauge-Higgs EW and grand unification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosotani, Yutaka

    2016-07-01

    Four-dimensional Higgs field is identified with the extra-dimensional component of gauge potentials in the gauge-Higgs unification scenario. SO(5) × U(1) gauge-Higgs EW unification in the Randall-Sundrum warped space is successful at low energies. The Higgs field appears as an Aharonov-Bohm phase 𝜃H in the fifth dimension. Its mass is generated at the quantum level and is finite. The model yields almost the same phenomenology as the standard model for 𝜃H bosons around 6-10 TeV with very broad widths. The scenario is generalized to SO(11) gauge-Higgs grand unification. Fermions are introduced in the spinor and vector representations of SO(11). Proton decay is naturally forbidden.

  20. Grande Bretagne : Design Guides et Design Codes

    OpenAIRE

    Sadoux, Stéphane

    2010-01-01

    Fortement médiatisée dès le début des années 1990, la crise du logement à laquelle est confronté le New Labour lorsqu'il accède au pouvoir en 1997 propulse une nouvelle fois l'agenda urbain sur le devant de la scène politique britannique. La construction de plus de 4 millions de logements est alors jugée nécessaire pour répondre à la demande latente, et les grandes villes continuent de se vider au profit des suburbs. C'est dans ce climat que Tony Blair nomme l'architecte Richard Rogers à la t...

  1. Grand Banks wins Terra Nova sweeps

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Grand Bank Alliance of Companies, which includes Brown and Root and Agra Industries, Haliburton Energy Services, Doris Engineering, FMC Corporation and PCL Constructors, have been awarded the primary fabrication contract by Petro-Canada to build a floating production and storage vessel for the Terra Nova oil project. The total pre-production costs are estimated at $1.6 billion; the first oil is scheduled for 1999. The contract involves construction of a double-hulled floating production, storage and offloading vessel, designed to process up to 150,000 barrels of crude per day, and storing up to one million barrels. In addition to Terra Nova, Brown and Root and Agra also have project management contracts building infrastructure for Sable Island natural gas

  2. Introduction : Gouvernance et grande vitesse

    OpenAIRE

    Belot, Robert

    2015-01-01

    On peut dire que la grande vitesse ferroviaire a été une « révolution » dans la mesure où elle a permis d’appréhender le ferroviaire autrement que comme un simple moyen de transport et d’accroissement de la mobilité. Elle a été regardée et appropriée par les politiques comme une aubaine de transformation et de dynamisation des territoires, comme une promesse de dépassement des frontières et d’accélération du processus d’européanisation, comme une assurance d’égalité sociale et territoriale ma...

  3. Pitié pour les grandes villes !

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Monnet

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available Roger Caillois disait, en 1938, qu´il existe "une représentation de la grande ville, assez puissante sur les imaginations pour que jamais en pratique ne soit posée la question de son exactitude, créée de toute pièce par le livre, assez répandue néanmoins pour faire partie de l´atmosphère mentale collective et posséder par suite une certaine force de contrainte"(Le mythe et l´homme, p.156 [c´est lui qui souligne]. En 1996, la presse française a consacré dossiers et articles à "Habitat II...

  4. Introduction to Grand Unified Theories. 12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter presents an introduction into Grand Unified Theories. After a discussion of the general features to be expected in any such theory, and of the motivations for them, a detailed presentation of SU(5) theory is given. The group structures, particle multiplets, gauge and Higgs bosons are explained. The two stages of spontaneous symmetry breaking via the Higgs model, are calculated individually and in combination. Fermion mass matrices and relations between quark and lepton masses are derived. predictions of SU(5) theory, calculated using renormalization group methods, are derived. The chapter ends with discussions that bring together particle physics and cosmology, including the baryon asymmetry problem, phase transitions in the very early universe, and singularities like domain walls, vortex lines and monopoles. (author). 9 refs.; 4 figs.; 5 tabs

  5. Local grand unification and string theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nilles, Hans Peter [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics and Physikalisches Inst.; Ramos-Sanchez, Saul [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Vaudrevange, Patrick K.S. [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics

    2009-09-15

    The low energy effective action of string theory depends strongly on the process of compactification and the localization of fields in extra dimensions. Explicit string constructions towards the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) reveal interesting results leading to the concept of local grand unification. Properties of the MSSM indicate that we might live at a special location close to an orbifold fixed point rather than a generic point in Calabi-Yau moduli space. We observe an enhancement of (discrete) symmetries that have various implications for the properties of the MSSM such as proton stability as well as solutions to the flavor problem, the m-problem and the strong CP-problem. (orig.)

  6. Quaternion Octonion Reformulation of Grand Unified Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Pushpa,; Li, Tianjun; Negi, O P S

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, Grand Unified theories are discussed in terms of quaternions and octonions by using the relation between quaternion basis elements with Pauli matrices and Octonions with Gell Mann \\lambda matrices. Connection between the unitary groups of GUTs and the normed division algebra has been established to re-describe the SU(5)gauge group. We have thus described the SU(5)gauge group and its subgroup SU(3)_{C}\\times SU(2)_{L}\\times U(1) by using quaternion and octonion basis elements. As such the connection between U(1) gauge group and complex number, SU(2) gauge group and quaternions and SU(3) and octonions is established. It is concluded that the division algebra approach to the the theory of unification of fundamental interactions as the case of GUTs leads to the consequences towards the new understanding of these theories which incorporate the existence of magnetic monopole and dyon.

  7. Prospects of solving grand challenge problems

    CERN Document Server

    Gupta, R

    1995-01-01

    The recent woes of the supercomputer industry and changes in federal funding have caused some scientists to re-evaluate the means by which they hope to solve Grand Challenge problems. I evaluate the potential of Massively Parallel Processors (MPP) within this context and the state of today's MPP. I stress that for solving large-scale problems MPP are crucial and that it is essential to seek a balance between CPU performance, memory access time, inter-node communications, and I/O. To achieve this it is important to preserve certain characteristics of the hardware while selecting the hottest processor to design the machine around. I emphasize that for long term stability and growth of parallel computing priority should be given to standardizing software so that the same code can run on different platforms and on machines ranging from clusters of workstations to MPP.

  8. Grand challenges in protoplanetary disc modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Haworth, Thomas J; Forgan, Duncan H; Facchini, Stefano; Price, Daniel J; authors, Community; Boneberg, Dominika M; Booth, Richard A; Gonzalez, Jean-François; Hutchison, Mark A; Laibe, Guillaume; Meru, Farzana; Mohanty, Subhanjoy; Panić, Olja; Rice, Ken; Walsh, Catherine; Woitke, Peter

    2016-01-01

    The Protoplanetary Discussions conference --- held in Edinburgh, UK, from 7th-11th March 2016 --- included several open sessions led by participants. This paper reports on the discussions collectively concerned with the multiphysics modelling of protoplanetary discs, including the self-consistent calculation of gas and dust dynamics, radiative transfer and chemistry. After a short introduction to each of these disciplines in isolation, we identify a series of burning questions and grand challenges associated with their integration, which are not necessarily achievable in the short-to-medium term. We then discuss potential pathways towards solving these challenges, grouped by strategical, technical and collaborative developments. This paper is not intended to be a review, but rather to motivate and direct future research and collaboration across typically distinct fields based on community driven input, to encourage further progress in our understanding of circumstellar and protoplanetary discs.

  9. Gauge-Higgs EW and Grand Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Hosotani, Yutaka

    2016-01-01

    4D Higgs field is identified with the extra-dimensional component of gauge potentials in the gauge-Higgs unification scenario. $SO(5) \\times U(1)$ gauge-Higgs EW unification in the Randall-Sundrum warped space is successful at low energies. The Higgs field appears as an Aharonov-Bohm phase $\\theta_H$ in the fifth dimension. Its mass is generated at the quantum level and is finite. The model yields almost the same phenomenology as the standard model for $\\theta_H < 0.1$, and predicts $Z'$ bosons around 6 - 10 TeV with very broad widths. The scenario is genelarized to $SO(11)$ gauge-Higgs grand unification. Fermions are introduced in the spinor and vector representations of $SO(11)$. Proton decay is naturally forbidden.

  10. 36 CFR 7.4 - Grand Canyon National Park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Grand Canyon National Park. 7.4 Section 7.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.4 Grand Canyon National Park. (a)...

  11. Gauge coupling unification in gauge-Higgs grand unification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamatsu, Naoki

    2016-04-01

    We discuss renormalization group equations for gauge coupling constants in gauge-Higgs grand unification on five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum warped space. We show that all four-dimensional Standard Model gauge coupling constants are asymptotically free and are effectively unified in SO(11) gauge-Higgs grand unified theories on 5D Randall-Sundrum warped space.

  12. Gauge Coupling Unification in Gauge-Higgs Grand Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Yamatsu, Naoki

    2015-01-01

    We discuss renormalization group equations for gauge coupling constants in gauge-Higgs grand unification on five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum warped space. We show that all the four-dimensional Standard Model gauge coupling constants are asymptotically free and are effectively unified in $SO(11)$ gauge-Higgs grand unified theories on 5D Randall-Sundrum warped space.

  13. Grand canonical potential of a magnetized neutron gas

    CERN Document Server

    Diener, Jacobus P W

    2015-01-01

    We compute the effective action for stationary and spatially constant magnetic fields, when coupled anomalously to charge neutral fermions, by integrating out the fermions. From this the grand canonical partition function and potential of the fermions and fields are computed. This also takes care of magnetic field dependent vacuum corrections to the grand canonical potential. Possible applications to neutron stars are indicated.

  14. Caracterización geoestadística de esfuerzos en un campo de petróleo: caso de estudio campo cupiagua, colombia

    OpenAIRE

    LUIS HERNÁN SÁNCHEZ ARREDONDO; CARLOS DAVID MIRANDA RAMOS; VÍCTOR JÚNIOR VALLEJO DÍAZ

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es la estimación del azimut del esfuerzo mínimo horizontal (AEMH) en la zona Norte del campo Cupiagua, localizado en el Piedemonte Llanero, usando como herramienta fundamental la geoestadística. La metodología para el tratamiento de los datos consistió en la conversión de los valores azimutales (variables circulares) a datos numéricos mediante los senos directores con el fi n de evitar incompatibilidades en la medida del error. El análisis geoestadístico mostró que...

  15. Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... inflammation. People with RRMS tend to have more brain lesions — also called plaques or scars — on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, and these lesions contain more inflammatory cells. People with primary progressive MS (PPMS) tend to ...

  16. Review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard

    2014-01-01

    A review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)......A review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)...

  17. L’Apocalypse selon Jean Giono : du "Grand Troupeau" au "Grand Théâtre"

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnet, Dominique

    2013-01-01

    Dans cet article nous chercherons à comprendre quel était pour Jean Giono le véritable sens de l’Apocalypse depuis l’analyse d’un de ses premiers romans Le Grand Troupeau jusqu’à l’un de ses textes les plus récents et pourtant moins connu, Le Grand Théâtre; texte qui, par ailleurs, répond à une commande de Joseph Foret en vue de la publication d’une édition de prestige de l’Apocalypse de Saint Jean. Nous verrons comment Jean Giono nous présente sa vision particulière de l’Apoca...

  18. Parallel Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (ParaGrandMC) Simulation Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamakov, Vesselin I.

    2016-01-01

    This report provides an overview of the Parallel Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (ParaGrandMC) simulation code. This is a highly scalable parallel FORTRAN code for simulating the thermodynamic evolution of metal alloy systems at the atomic level, and predicting the thermodynamic state, phase diagram, chemical composition and mechanical properties. The code is designed to simulate multi-component alloy systems, predict solid-state phase transformations such as austenite-martensite transformations, precipitate formation, recrystallization, capillary effects at interfaces, surface absorption, etc., which can aid the design of novel metallic alloys. While the software is mainly tailored for modeling metal alloys, it can also be used for other types of solid-state systems, and to some degree for liquid or gaseous systems, including multiphase systems forming solid-liquid-gas interfaces.

  19. Elastoplasticidad anisotropa de metales en grandes deformaciones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caminero Torija, Miguel Angel

    El objetivo de este trabajo es el desarrollo de modelos y algoritmos numericos que simulen el comportamiento del material bajo estas condiciones en el contexto de programas de elementos finitos, dando como resultado predicciones mas precisas de los procesos de conformado y deformacion plastica en general. Para lograr este objetivo se han desarrollado diversas tareas destinadas a mejorar las predicciones en tres aspectos fundamentales. El primer aspecto consiste en la mejora de la descripcion del endurecimiento cinematico anisotropo en pequenas deformaciones, lo cual se ha realizado a traves de modelos y algoritmos implicitos de superficies multiples. Ha sido estudiada la consistencia de este tipo de modelos tanto si estan basados en una regla implicita similar a la de Mroz o en la regla de Prager. Ademas se han simulado los ensayos de Lamba y Sidebottom, obteniendo, en contra de la creencia general, muy buenas predicciones con la regla de Prager. Dichos modelos podrian ser extendidos de forma relativamente facil para considerar grandes deformaciones a traves de procedimientos en deformaciones logaritmicas, similares a los desarrollados en esta tesis y detallados a continuacion. El segundo aspecto consiste en la descripcion de la anisotropia elastoplastica inicial. Esto se ha conseguido mediante el desarrollo de modelos y algoritmos para plasticidad anisotropa en grandes deformaciones, bien ignorando la posible anisotropia elastica, bien considerandola simultaneamente con la anisotropia plastica. Para ello ha sido necesario desarrollar primero un nuevo algoritmo de elastoplasticidad anisotropa en pequenas deformaciones consistentemente linealizado y sin despreciar ningun termino, de tal forma que se conserve la convergencia cuadratica de los metodos de Newton. Este algoritmo en pequenas deformaciones ha servido para realizar la correccion plastica de dos algoritmos en grandes deformaciones. El primero de estos algoritmos es una variacion del clasico algoritmo de

  20. Method-MS. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skipperud, L.; Popic, J.M. (Norwegian Univ. of Life Science (UMB), Isotope Lab. (Norway)); Roos, P. (Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy, Roskilde (Denmark)); Salminen, S. (Univ. of Helsinki (UH) (Finland)); Nygren, U. (Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) (Sweden)); Sigmarsson, O.; Palsson, S.E. (Univ. of Iceland/Icelandic Radiation Protection Institute (Iceland))

    2011-05-15

    Radiometric determination methods, such as alpha spectrometry require long counting times when low activities are to be determined. Mass spectrometric techniques as Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), Thermal Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (TIMS) and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) have shown several advantages compared to traditional methods when measuring long-lived radionuclides. Mass spectrometric methods for determination of very low concentrations of elemental isotopes, and thereby isotopic ratios, have been developed using a variety of ion sources. Although primarily applied to the determination of the lighter stable element isotopes and radioactive isotopes in geological studies, the techniques can equally well be applied to the measurement of activity concentrations of long-lived low-level radionuclides in various samples using 'isotope dilution' methods such as those applied in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Due to the low specific activity of long-lived radionuclides, many of these are more conveniently detected using mass spectrometric techniques. Mass spectrometry also enables the individual determination of Pu-239 and Pu-240, which cannot be obtained by alpha spectrometry. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) are rapidly growing techniques for the ultra-trace analytical determination of stable and long-lived isotopes and have a wide potential within environmental science, including ecosystem tracers and radio ecological studies. Such instrumentation, of course needs good radiochemical separation, to give best performance. The objectives of the project is to identify current needs and problems within low-level determination of long-lived radioisotopes by ICP-MS, to perform intercalibration and development and improvement of ICP-MS methods for the measurement of radionuclides and isotope ratios and to develop new methods based on modified separation chemistry applied to new

  1. Method-MS. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiometric determination methods, such as alpha spectrometry require long counting times when low activities are to be determined. Mass spectrometric techniques as Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), Thermal Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (TIMS) and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) have shown several advantages compared to traditional methods when measuring long-lived radionuclides. Mass spectrometric methods for determination of very low concentrations of elemental isotopes, and thereby isotopic ratios, have been developed using a variety of ion sources. Although primarily applied to the determination of the lighter stable element isotopes and radioactive isotopes in geological studies, the techniques can equally well be applied to the measurement of activity concentrations of long-lived low-level radionuclides in various samples using 'isotope dilution' methods such as those applied in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Due to the low specific activity of long-lived radionuclides, many of these are more conveniently detected using mass spectrometric techniques. Mass spectrometry also enables the individual determination of Pu-239 and Pu-240, which cannot be obtained by alpha spectrometry. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) are rapidly growing techniques for the ultra-trace analytical determination of stable and long-lived isotopes and have a wide potential within environmental science, including ecosystem tracers and radio ecological studies. Such instrumentation, of course needs good radiochemical separation, to give best performance. The objectives of the project is to identify current needs and problems within low-level determination of long-lived radioisotopes by ICP-MS, to perform intercalibration and development and improvement of ICP-MS methods for the measurement of radionuclides and isotope ratios and to develop new methods based on modified separation chemistry applied to new auxiliary

  2. LEVANTAMENTO DAS PRINCIPAIS PARASITOSES INTESTINAIS QUE ACOMETEM CRIANÇAS DA COMUNIDADE TAMARINDO EM CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES - RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Corrêa Barreto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As doenças parasitárias são consideradas um grande problema de saúde pública no Brasil,principalmente, em regiões onde a assistência em saúde é precária como a falta de saneamento básicoassociada aos maus hábitos de higiene e limpeza. As enteroparasitoses, em especial, constituemimportante fator debilitante da população estando frequentemente associadas à diarréia crônica edéficit orgânico e nutricional comprometendo o desenvolvimento pôndero-estrutural e intelectual dosindivíduos, principalmente crianças. No presente estudo foi realizado o levantamento dos principaisparasitas que acometem crianças de 0 a 12 anos, da Comunidade Tamarindo em Campos dosGoytacazes/RJ, por meio de exames copro-parasitológicos. Além disso, aplicamos questionários,respondidos pelos responsáveis das crianças, antes e após a intervenção do grupo de estudo com ointuito de identificar o conhecimento dos indivíduos sobre este assunto. A partir da análise das 30amostras de fezes, pelos métodos de Hoffman, Pons & Janer e Baerman-Moraes, constatou-se aincidência de parasitas intestinais nos indivíduos (39%, onde Ascaris lumbricoides, Giardia lambliae, Entamoeba coli foram os parasitas mais frequentes. O índice de parasitas encontrados refleteclaramente a necessidade de maiores cuidados com a qualidade da água ingerida e adoção de medidasde higiene pessoal entre os indivíduos. Os dados dos questionários mostraram que houve um acúmulode conhecimento após as intervenções de educação em saúde possibilitando a criação de um vínculode responsabilização dos indivíduos sobre sua própria saúde promovendo uma melhora na qualidadede vida.

  3. STUDIES ON HARDENING AND ACCLIMITIZATION OF MICROPROPAGATED PLANTLETS OF BANANA CV. GRAND NAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S AHMED

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The experimental plant material of cv. Grand Naine was raised through tissue culture on MS medium using suckers as explants. The MS medium supplemented with BAP 4.00 mg/L+ IAA 2.00 mg/L was used for shoot multiplication. The rooting was obtained on MS (half strength medium fortified with IBA 1.00 mg/L and activated charcoal 200 mg/L. The in vitro rooted plantlets were hardened and acclimatized by using different treatments. Plants transplanted at the age of 4 weeks after root initiation gave maximum survival (100.00 % during transplanting. These plants were hardened in glass beaker and polythene bags singly or in cluster. The maximum survival during hardening (100.00 % was observed by covering the plantlets with glass beaker individually and kept in culture room. Out of various potting mixture tried, the potting mixture containing soil: sand and FYM (2:1:1 v/v/v gave maximum height and survival of plantlets. The results showed that out of different potting mixtures used for hardening soil: sand and FYM (2:1:1 v/v/v showed cent percent survival.

  4. Therapeutic drug monitoring of tamoxifen using LC-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchu, Simone M; Lynch, Kara L; Wu, Alan H B

    2012-01-01

    Tamoxifen is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) that is used widely in the treatment of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer (ER+). Therapeutic monitoring of tamoxifen, and its metabolites N-desmethyltamoxifen (NDTam) and 4-hydroxy-N-desmethyltamoxifen (endoxifen), may be clinically useful for guiding treatment decisions. Two significant barriers to tamoxifen efficacy are: (1) variability in conversion of tamoxifen into the potent antiestrogenic metabolite, endoxifen, and (2) poor compliance and adherence to tamoxifen therapy. Therapeutic monitoring can be used to address both of these issues. Low levels of endoxifen indicate either poor compliance or poor metabolism of tamoxifen. Low tamoxifen levels would suggest poor compliance while a low ratio of endoxifen to NDTam would be indicative of poor metabolism. Solid phase extraction of patient serum followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) detection enables rapid, accurate, detection of tamoxifen, N-desmethyltamoxifen, and endoxifen. PMID:22767121

  5. Otimização de alternativas para o desenvolvimento de campos de petróleo Selection of alternatives for the development of oil fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Faletti Almeida

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um sistema de suporte à decisão para a otimização de alternativas de desenvolvimento de campos de petróleo. O desenvolvimento de um campo de petróleo consiste na escolha de uma alternativa para a explotação de um reservatório petrolífero, conhecido e delimitado, que permita produzir a maior quantidade de hidrocarboneto possível, dentro dos limites físicos e econômicos existentes, isto é, maximizar o valor presente líquido (VPL. O VPL é calculado a partir da produção de óleo, a qual é obtida com o uso de um simulador de reservatório. Cada execução do simulador pode demorar desde alguns segundos até várias horas, dependendo da complexidade do reservatório modelado. Isto reduz o número de alternativas que podem ser geradas e avaliadas pelo especialista na busca da melhor solução. Deste modo, o objetivo deste trabalho é propor e avaliar um sistema inteligente de otimização que emprega: algoritmos genéticos (AGs, algoritmos culturais (ACs e coevolução para a busca de uma alternativa de desenvolvimento ótima; e um ambiente de computação paralela para a simulação de reservatório e cálculo do VPL das alternativas. O sistema resultante permite que o especialista obtenha, em tempo hábil, a alternativa ótima (ou quase-ótima para o desenvolvimento de um campo de petróleo conhecido. Os resultados obtidos nos estudos de casos apresentados demonstram que o sistema proposto, baseado em técnicas inteligentes, obtém boas alternativas de desenvolvimento de campos petrolíferos com uma grande redução do tempo computacional, redução esta obtida a partir do aproveitamento do poder computacional de um ambiente de computação paralela e do aproveitamento de conhecimento do especialista, por meio das sementes iniciais.This paper presents an optimization system for the development of petroleum fields. Developing a petroleum field consists of choosing an alternative exploitation of an already known

  6. Analysis of Marine Biotoxins Using LC-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luckas, Bernd; Erler, Katrin; Krock, Bernd

    2015-01-01

    Different clinical types of algae-related poisoning have attracted scientific and commercial attention: paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP), and amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). Bioassays are common methods for the determination of marine biotoxins. However, biological tests are not completely satisfactory, mainly due to the low sensitivity and the absence of specialized variations. In this context LC-MS methods replaced HPLC methods with optical detectors, allowing both effective seafood control and monitoring of phytoplankton in terms of the different groups of marine biotoxins. This chapter describes state-of-the-art LC-MS/MS methods for the detection and quantitation of different classes of phycotoxins in shellfish matrices. These classes include the highly hydrophilic paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) has been shown to be useful in the separation of PSP toxins and is described in detail within this chapter. Another important class of phycotoxins is diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxins. This group traditionally comprises okadaic acid and dinophysistoxins (DTXs), pectenotoxins (PTXs), and yessotoxins (YTXs). The most recently described shellfish poisoning syndrome, azaspiracid shellfish poisoning (AZP) is caused by azaspiracids, which in turn are diarrhetic, but usually are treated separately as AZP. The last group of regulated shellfish toxins is the amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) toxin domoic acid, produced by species of the genus Pseudo-nitzschia. PMID:26108513

  7. Efectividad de siete consorcios nativos de hongos micorrízicos arbusculares en plantas de café en condiciones de invernadero y campo Effectiveness of native arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi consortia on coffee plants under greenhouse and field conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DORA TREJO

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Se probó el efecto de siete consorcios de hongos micorrízicos arbusculares (HMA aislados de fincas cafetaleras con diferente nivel de tecnología (bajo, medio y alto del estado de Veracruz, en el crecimiento de plantas de café (Coffea arábica L. var. Garnica en condiciones de invernadero y de campo. El grado de tecnificación influyó en la composición de especies de HMA, a mayor tecnificación menor número de especies de HMA encontradas. En condiciones de invernadero, los consorcios incrementaron la altura en un 91 % con respecto al testigo absoluto y al testigo fertilizado con fósforo (800 mg Ca(PO43 L-1. A los 130 días después de la inoculación (DDI, el mejor consorcio fue La Estanzuela (ES. En condiciones de campo, a los 290 DDI, las plantas inoculadas con los consorcios ES, Miradores (MI, y Paso Grande (PG tuvieron mayor supervivencia (> 80 %. Los consorcios más efectivos en la promoción de la altura y supervivencia de las plantas en condiciones de campo, procedieron de agroecosistemas con nivel de tecnología medio (MI y ES, mismos que tuvieron mayor número de especies de HMA.Seven arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF consortia isolated from coffee plantations with different agricultural inputs (low, intermediate, and high at several sites of Veracruz State were tested on their effects on the growth of coffee plants (Coffea arábica L. var. Garnica under nursery and field conditions. Agricultural input influenced the AMF-composition, in which the highest input the lowest number of AMF-species. At greenhouse conditions, AMF-consortia significantly increased plant height (91 % in comparison to the control and to the P-fertilized control (800 mg Ca(PO43 L-1. After 130 days of inoculation (DAI, the best AMF-consortium was La Estanzuela (ES. At field conditions, after 290 DAI, the plants inoculated with the consortia ES, Miradores (MI, and Paso Grande (PG had greater survival (> 80 %. The most effective AMF-consortia on plant growth

  8. Experiências Urbanas: Migrantes e Modos de Viver e Trabalhar na Periferia de Campina Grande na Década de 1960 * Urban Experiences: Migrants and Ways of Living and Working in the Outskirts of Campina Grande in the 1960s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HILMARIA XAVIER DA SILVA

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A partir do final da década de 1940 e início de 1950, Campina Grande passa por uma significativa urbanização e expansão, favorecida pelo crescimento econômico. Observamos que trabalhadores do campo migraram da zona rural para a zona urbana de Campina Grande à medida que o trabalho na lavoura estava se tornando inviável em razão das secas e viam no centro urbano de Campina possibilidades outras de trabalhar e ter condições de vida mais dignas. Nosso trabalho intenta refletir sobre como alguns populares migraram para Campina Grande no fim da década de 1950 e década de 1960, modificando suas práticas no mundo do trabalho e alterando as características da malha urbana, já que, concentrando-se na periferia, homens e mulheres outrora lavradores passaram agora a desempenhar funções de vigilantes, pedreiros, lavadeiras, vendedores ambulantes, carroceiros, quebradores de pedra, dentre outras.Palavras-chave: Migração, Campina Grande, Trabalho. Abstract: From the late 1940s and early 1950s, Campina Grande undergoes a significant urbanization and expansion, favored by economic growth. We observed that rural workers migrated from rural to urban area in Campina Grande in so far as the farming activity was becoming unviable due to droughts and they could see, in the urban center of Campina, other possibilities of working and worthier life conditions. Our work attempts to reflect on how some popular migrated to Campina Grande in the late 1950s and 1960s, changing their practices in the workplace and changing the characteristics of the city, because massing in the periphery, men and women who were ploughpeople in past, have now the role of watchers, bricklayers, washerwomen, street vendors, cart drivers, stone breakers, among others.Keywords: Migration – Campina Grande – Work.

  9. Analytical Method Details (MS): SE24_MS1 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SE24_MS1 LC-FTICR-MS Analysis (Positive) LC, Agilent 1200 series (Agilent); MS, Sol...sample (1 uL) was analyzed using LC-FTICR-MS (LC, Agilent 1200 series; MS, Bruker Daltonics solarix 7.0 T).

  10. Analysis of 136 pesticides in avocado using a modified QuEChERS method with LC-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamkasem, Narong; Ollis, Lisa W; Harmon, Tiffany; Lee, Sookwang; Mercer, Greg

    2013-03-13

    A simple and high-throughput screening method for the analysis of 136 pesticides in avocado ( Persea americana ) by LC-(+)-ESI-MS/MS and GC-MS/MS is presented. A modified QuEChERS sample preparation method was developed to improve the extraction recovery of highly lipophilic pesticides. Extracts from minced avocados after acetonitrile (MeCN) extraction were directly injected to LC-MS/MS, whereas other GC-amenable compounds were treated with the modified QuEChERS procedure for GC-MS/MS analysis. The average recoveries for 79 pesticides quantified by LC-MS/MS at 10, 50, and 200 ng/g fortifying levels were 86.1% or better (with maximum RSD at 9.2%), whereas GC-MS/MS analysis demonstrated 70.2% or better (RSD < 18%) for average recovery from 57 compounds at the same spike levels. The application of LC- and GC-MS/MS combined with the improved extraction procedures led to the current method, which can quantitate these pesticides even if they are present in avocados below the targeted action level by FDA. This method demonstrated the improved recovery of several challenging lipophilic pesticides in highly fat-rich avocados. PMID:23362971

  11. Influência do campo eletromagnético no comportamento de cupins de madeira seca (Cryptotermes brevis)

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanella, Rodrigo

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a relação e influência do campo eletromagnético sobre o organismo de cupins da espécie Cryptotermes brevis, ordem Isoptera, família Kalotermitidae, tendo como base o funcionamento fisiológico de seus sistemas. Para isto diferentes cupins foram submetidos a um campo eletromagnético máximo sob distintas temperaturas ambientes para avaliar a relação deste campo com o potencial elétrico biológico (teoria envolvida no desenvolvimento da equação d...

  12. The Arctic Grand Challenge: Abrupt Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkniss, P. E.

    2003-12-01

    Trouble in polar paradise (Science, 08/30/02), significant changes in the Arctic environment are scientifically documented (R.E. Moritz et al. ibid.). More trouble, lots more, "abrupt climate change," (R. B. Alley, et al. Science 03/28/03). R. Corell, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment team (ACIA), "If you want to see what will happen in the rest of the world 25 years from now just look what's happening in the Arctic," (Arctic Council meeting, Iceland, 08/03). What to do? Make abrupt Arctic climate change a grand challenge for the IPY-4 and beyond! Scientifically:Describe the "state" of the Arctic climate system as succinctly as possible and accept it as the point of departure.Develop a hypothesis and criteria what constitutes "abrupt climate change," in the Arctic that can be tested with observations. Observations: Bring to bear existing observations and coordinate new investments in observations through an IPY-4 scientific management committee. Make the new Barrow, Alaska, Global Climate Change Research Facility a major U.S. contribution and focal point for the IPY-4 in the U.S Arctic. Arctic populations, Native peoples: The people of the North are living already, daily, with wrenching change, encroaching on their habitats and cultures. For them "the earth is faster now," (I. Krupnik and D. Jolly, ARCUS, 2002). From a political, economic, social and entirely realistic perspective, an Arctic grand challenge without the total integration of the Native peoples in this effort cannot succeed. Therefore: Communications must be established, and the respective Native entities must be approached with the determination to create well founded, well functioning, enduring partnerships. In the U.S. Arctic, Barrow with its long history of involvement and active support of science and with the new global climate change research facility should be the focal point of choice Private industry: Resource extraction in the Arctic followed by oil and gas consumption, return the combustion

  13. La Neurociencia Computacional hoy: II. El Proyecto Blue Brain, un ejemplo muy representativo en el campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Cortés

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La Neurociencia Computacional es un campo reciente, pero bien establecido dentro de las Neurociencias. En un primer artículo (Cortés, 2009, http://www.cienciacognitiva.org/?p=55, “Qué es y por qué es difícil su estudio”, explico su principal paradigma: todo proceso mental que tiene lugar en nuestro cerebro tiene un circuito o cableado físico que lo sustenta. En este artículo comento un ejemplo muy representativo en el campo: el macro-proyecto de simulación a gran escala y en tiempo real de procesos en la corteza cerebral, el famoso Blue Brain Project.

  14. Los campos fantasmas en la renormalización de un modelo Lagrangiano t-J

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar P. Zandron

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En presente trabajo hemos tratado el rol de los campos fantasmas en el proceso de renormalización del formalismo Lagrangiano perturbativo para un modelo t-J. Mostramos que con la incorporación de campos fantasmas apropiados en los propagadores y vértices de la teoría, la misma puede ser renormalizada a todo orden. Esto se pone en evidencia en el estudio detallado de la renormalización del propagador ferromagnético del magnón, mostrando el ablandamiento térmico de la frecuencia. También hemos analizado el caso antiferromagnético, y estos resultados fueron confrontados con estudios previos en teorías del "spin-polarón".

  15. Vascular plant community composition from the campos rupestres of the Itacolomi State Park, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Gastauer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Campos rupestres are rare and endangered ecosystems that accommodate a species-rich flora with a high degree of endemism. Here, we make available a dataset from phytosociological surveys carried out in the Itacolomi State Park, Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. All species in a total of 30 plots of 10 x 10 m from two study sites were sampled. Their cardinality, a combination of cover and abundance, was estimated. Altogether, we registered occurrences from 161 different taxa from 114 genera and 47 families. The families with the most species were Poaceae and Asteraceae, followed by Cyperaceae. Abiotic descriptions, including soil properties such as type, acidity, nutrient or aluminum availability, cation exchange capacity, and saturation of bases, as well as the percentage of rocky outcrops and the mean inclination for each plot, are given. This dataset provides unique insights into the campo rupestre vegetation, its specific environment and the distribution of its diversity.

  16. O trabalho de campo em Medicina Tropical: objetivos, planejamento e aspectos operacionais

    OpenAIRE

    Santos João Barberino

    2002-01-01

    O trabalho de campo é de fundamental importância ao conhecimento das chamadas doenças tropicais. Ele permite estabelecer com mais precisão a prevalência das doenças endêmicas e de suas conseqüências sócio-econômicas; propicia o estudo das diversas variantes clínicas das enfermidades, dos fatores epidemiológicos desencadeantes e mantenedores de determinada condição mórbida no ambiente do campo onde ocorrem, proporcionando a investigação do agente etiológico, dos diversos reservatórios e vetore...

  17. Radiación sincrotronica en un campo magnético dipolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bonatti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia la variación de la energía emitida por un electrón en una transición entre los niveles de Landau Ni=1 a Nf=0 en un campo magnético dipolar fuerte. Se toma como primera aproximación la dependencia funcional del campo  B=r3*(r*+z-3 Bsup. para representar a éste cerca de los polos en la superficie de una estrella de neutrones y se analiza la variación de la energía emitida para esa trasmisión en función de la altitud.

  18. Mapas y viajes por el campo de Comunicación/Educación

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge A. Huergo

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo propone algunas coordenadas para recorrer el Congreso “Desafíos de Comunicación/ Educación en tiempos de restitución de lo público”. En un primer momento se hace breve memoria de las escenas fundacionales del campo en América Latina, para luego dar lugar a la caracterización de los tiempos de restitución del Estado, de lo público y del sujeto político. En ese contexto, se señalan algunos malestares propios del campo de Comunicación/ Educación, que presentan los primeros desafíos...

  19. Urban forest and environmental inequality in Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silva, Victor; Pedlowski, Marcos; Heynen, Nikolas

    2002-01-01

    Social and spatial inequality regarding environmental resources and services is one of most complex issues affecting contemporary urban life. The objective of this research is to study the spatial distribution of trees in public areas in Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This research...... presents data gathered in ten neighborhoods in Campos. These neighborhoods were split into three distinct groups using wealth levels. Data obtained include the number of trees and private gardens and tree species diversity per neighborhood street. Our results demonstrate that the wealthier neighborhoods...... education levels of the population seem to play a more causal on tree quantity and species diversity. This inequality stresses a problem with environmental justice, a characteristic of Brazilian cities intrinsically connected to urban sustainability....

  20. Il campo dell'arte: regole e valori dell'istituzione letteraria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Avella

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Si considera in questo articolo il campo artistico, descritto da Pierre Bourdieu, come il teatro di una lotta per la conquista del monopolio della legittimità letteraria tra (disposizioni sociali, a cui corrispondono precise strategie simboliche, concorrenti. Viene, così, messo in discussione il mito della gratuità e del disinteresse del lavoro intellettuale insieme a quello dell’esperienza estetica come identificazione immediata e contemplazione dell’opera. Le istanze di legittimazione interne al campo, infatti, determinano i modi della produzione, ma anche quelli dell’appropriazione. Solo un fruitore dotato della competenza adeguata sarà in grado di riconoscere il valore esemplificazionale inscritto nel testo.

  1. Seed storage-mediated dormancy alleviation in Fabaceae from campo rupestre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naïla Nativel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTWe studied the effects of seed storage on germination and dormancy alleviation in three species of Fabaceae endemic to campo rupestrein southeastern Brazil. Fresh seeds of Collaea cipoensis, Mimosa maguirei and Mimosa foliolosawere set to germinate and germination of seeds after four, five and 13 years of storage was tested. Seed viability was maintained for all species after the full storage period. Seed storage significantly increased germination percentage and decreased germination time for C. cipoensisand M. foliolosa, suggesting the alleviation of physical dormancy with storage. However, we did not find evidence of dormancy alleviation in M. maguirei since stored seeds showed a decrease in germination in comparison to that of fresh seeds. Our data indicate species-specific storage-mediated dormancy alleviation, which will have important implications for restoration of campo rupestre.

  2. PTR-MS in enology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spitaler, Renate; Araghipour, Nooshin; Mikoviny, Tomas; Wisthaler, Armin; Via, Josef Dalla; Märk, Tilmann D.

    2007-10-01

    The present communication deals with the improvement of proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) wine headspace analyses. In contrast to previous PTR-MS investigations of wine, where wine headspace was ionized by protonated ethanol clusters, the headspace was diluted by a factor of 1:40 with N2 and ionized by H3O+ ions. This method is better suited for routine applications than the previously reported method since it is simpler, faster, and the mass spectra obtained are less complex. A test wine was mixed with ethanol and with water to yield ethanol contents ranging from 10 to 15% (v/v) and these mixtures were analyzed to assess whether any quantitative differences in the composition of volatiles were detectable. The data showed no impact of the ethanol content on the wine headspace composition. The new method was applied to eight different wine samples produced from two different grape varieties: Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon. Each variety was grown in two different locations in South Tyrol (Northern Italy) and harvested at two different dates. Quantitative (but not qualitative) differences in PTR-MS spectra between the two wine varieties were observed. Using principal component analysis of selected m/z signals differentiation between Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon samples was achievable.

  3. Propuesta didáctica para el desarrollo de nociones enmarcadas dentro del campo conceptual multiplicativo

    OpenAIRE

    Dueñas, María Fernanda; Hernández, Lady Jahine; Prieto, Oscar

    2004-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo dar a conocer una propuesta de unidad didáctica entorno al desarrollo de nociones enmarcadas dentro del campo conceptual multiplicativo tales como: razón y proporción, a partir de la resolución de problemas de tipo multiplicativo que permitan potenciar el desarrollo del pensamiento numérico.

  4. Nefrectomia videolaparoscópica em Graxaim-do-campo (Pseudalopex gymnocercus com displasia renal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João P.S. Feranti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Graxains-do-campo habitam o centro-leste da América do Sul, desde o sudeste do Brasil e leste da Bolívia. A displasia renal compreende um espectro de anomalias e é frequentemente relatada em cães de diversas raças, sendo a maioria dos relatos achados de necropsia. A maior parte das doenças renais congênitas nos cães apresenta caráter progressivo, portanto o tratamento é limitado e direcionado a fim de retardar a progressão da doença renal estabelecida. No presente relato é descrita a realização de nefrectomia laparoscópica em graxaim-do-campo (Pseudalopex gymnocercus com displasia renal. Suspeitou-se de doença no rim direito por meio de ultrassonografia e urografia excretora. Para o procedimento cirúrgico foram utilizados três portais (10, 10, 5mm, endoscópio rígido de 10mm/0(0 e clipes para hemostasia dos vasos renais. A técnica cirúrgica utilizada neste canídeo selvagem foi semelhante à usada em cão doméstico, devido à escassez de relatos em cirurgias em graxaim e a inexistência de descrições de nefrectomia videolaparoscópica em graxaim-do-campo. O animal foi acompanhado por um período de 30 dias pós-cirurgia sem a ocorrência de complicações. O presente relato demonstra que a técnica proposta foi adequada para a realização de nefrectomia videolaparoscópica em Graxaim-do-campo.

  5. Salida de campo al Castrillo (Zamora) el 19 y 20 de junio de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al Castrillo, en la provincia de Zamora, cerca de Toro, los días 19 y 20 de junio de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre Hirudo medicinalis (Sanguijuela, Annelida), Tinca tinca (Tenca, Actinopterygii), ranas (sin identificar la especie) y las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus arundinaceus (Carricero tordal), Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Carricero común), Alectoris sp. (Perdiz), Anas platyrhynchos (Ánade azulón), Apus sp. (Vencejo), Ardea cinerea (Garza real), Athene noct...

  6. Salida de campo a Villarmentero de Esgueva (Valladolid) el 18 de junio de 1956

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Villarmentero de Esgueva (Valladolid) el 18 de junio de 1956, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre el anfibio Epidalea calamita (Sapo corredor, llamado Bufo calamita por el autor), y las siguientes aves: Calandrella sp. (Terrera), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Colorín y Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Falco tinnunculus (Cernícalo vulgar), Galerida malabarica (Cogujada malabar), Melanocorypha calandra (Calandria), Mili...

  7. Salida de campo a Villaester (Valladolid) el 14 de septiembre de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Villaester, en la provincia de Valladolid, durante la tarde del 14 de septiembre de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus sp. (Carricerín), Alectoris rufa (Perdiz roja), Anthus campestris (Bisbita campestre), Athene noctua (Mochuelo europeo), Burhinus oedicnemus (Alcaraván común), Caprimulgus ruficollis (Chotacabras cuellirojo), Clamator glandarius (Críalo europeo), Columba palumbus (Paloma torcaz), Coracias garrulus (Carraca euro...

  8. Salida de campo al regato de Las Moreras, en Valladolid, el 13 de diciembre de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al regato de Las Moreras, en Valladolid capital, el 13 de diciembre de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Columba sp. (Paloma), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Larus sp. (Gaviota), Motacilla alba (Lavandera blanca), Motacilla cinerea (Lavandera cascadeña) y Scolopax rusticola (Chocha perdiz, también llamada Becada).

  9. The archaeological context of Levantine rock Art in Campo de Hellín (Albacete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel GARCÍA ATIÉNZAR

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This work explores the knowledge of human settlement and the Levantine rock Art in a specific geographical context. The spatial reading of these elements allows to present hypotheses on human communities that occupied lands of the Campo de Hellín (Albacete during the first phases of Holocene and how they built a landscape that reflects their social, economic and symbolic needs.

  10. Salida de campo a Traspinedo (Valladolid) el 4 de septiembre de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Traspinedo (Valladolid) el 4 de septiembre de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre Pseudochondrostoma sp. (Boga), sapos (posiblemente, el Sapo común, Bufo bufo), los siguientes reptiles: Blanus cinereus (Culebrilla ciega, también llamado Eslabon), Lagartija (sin identificar la especie), Natrix maura (Culebra viperina, llamada Tropidonotus viperinus por el autor) y Vipera sp. (Víbora)los siguientes mamíferos: Ardilla (pudiendo ser Sciurus vulgaris o Atlantoxerus ge...

  11. Evoluzione di micotossine regolate ed emergenti attraverso i processi alimentari: dal campo alla digestione

    OpenAIRE

    Generotti, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    Nel presente lavoro di tesi sono stati studiati diversi aspetti riguardanti micotossine regolate ed emergenti al fine di fornire informazioni circa la loro mitigazione dal campo al prodotto finito, focalizzando l’attenzione sul potenziale impatto del processo tecnologico. Successivamente, il loro ruolo tossicologico, ancora in discussione, è stato indagato attraverso l’applicazione di modelli gastrointestinali. In particolare, lo studio è stato rivolto a DON, micotossina più comune nel grano,...

  12. EYES THAT SAW: VISUALITY AND LANSCAPE IN RUY BELO POETRY AND ÁLVARO DE CAMPOS

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Grimm da Silva

    2009-01-01

    This study aims at the comparative analysis between the poems of Ruy Belo and Álvaro de Campos, one of Fernando Pessoa heteronymous. Such research, based on the relationship between lyric and visuality in the modern-contemporaneous Portuguese literature, aims at observing in which way the landscape is a construction from the subject's look, in which geographical, historical, literary and cultural references are registered.  Our corpus approach includes the recognition of the influence of phot...

  13. Heymericus de Campo: Dyalogus super Reuelacionibus beate Birgitte : A Critical Edition with an Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Fredriksson Adman, Anna

    2003-01-01

    This dissertation contains an edition of Dyalogus super Reuelacionibus beate Birgitte, which is a discussion and defence of the Revelations (Reuelaciones) of St. Birgitta of Sweden (ca. 1303-1373). In legal proceedings at the Council of Basle (1431-1449), the Reuelaciones were accused of heresy, examined and defended. Among the defenders was Heymericus de Campo (1395-1460), who at that time was professor of theology at the University of Cologne. In addition to the formal examination reports, ...

  14. Salida de campo por Valladolid el 26 de febrero de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Valladolid capital, recorriendo el Sotillo y la Huerta del Rey, a orillas del río Pisuerga, el 26 de febrero de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre una camisa de Malpolon monspessulanus (Culebra bastarda, llamada Coleopeltis mouspessulanus por el autor), los siguientes anfibios: Pelophylax esculentus (Rana verde europea, llamada Rana sculenta o R.esculenta ridibunda por el autor) y Triturus marmoratus (Tritón jaspeado, llamado Molge marmorata por el autor), lo...

  15. Salida de campo a Vega Mayor y Pollos (Valladolid) el 6 de marzo de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Vega Mayor y Pollos, en la provincia de Valladolid, el 6 de marzo de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Anas penelope (Silbón europeo), Anas platyrhynchos (Ánade azulón), Ardea cinerea (Garza real; se incluyen los datos de un contenido estomacal), Buteo buteo (Busardo ratonero), Cerceta (Anas sp.), "Chocha" (probablemente, Scolopax rusticola, la Chocha perdiz o Becada), Columba oenas (Paloma zurita), Columba palumbus (Paloma torcaz), Falco t...

  16. Salida de campo al Monte Blanco (Valladolid) el 31 de octubre de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al Monte Blanco, en Valladolid, el 31 de octubre de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre la ausencia de lagartijas y lagartos (sin concretar géneros o especies), la conducta esquiva de los conejos (Oryctolagus cuniculus) y las siguientes aves: Anas sp. (Ánade, probablemente A.platyrhynchos), Ardea cinerea (Garza real), Buteo buteo (Busardo ratonero), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Carduelis carduelis (Jilguero), Coccot...

  17. Salida de campo al Monte Blanco (Valladolid) el 6 de agosto de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al Monte Blanco, en Valladolid, el 6 de agosto de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Apus sp. (Vencejo), Ardea sp. (Garza), Caprimulgus ruficollis (Chotacabras cuellirojo), Coracias garrulus (Carraca europea, también llamada Azulejo por el autor), Corvus corone (Corneja negra), Corvus frugilegus (Graja), Corvus monedula (Grajilla, llamada Coloeus por el autor),...

  18. Salida de campo a Vega Mayor (Valladolid) el 30 de enero de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Vega Mayor, propiedad de Gabriel Martín, amigo de Isidoro Asdrúbal, quienes colaboraron con el autor, en la provincia de Valladolid, el 30 de enero de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre los siguientes anfibios: ranas y sapos (sin concretar las especies), los siguientes reptiles: culebras, lagartijas y lagartos (sin concretar las especies), y Malpolon monspessulanus (Culebra bastarda, llamada Coleopeltis mouspessulanus por el autor), los siguientes mamíferos: Ca...

  19. Salida de campo a Puente Duero - Esparragal (Valladolid) el 9 de enero de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Puente Duero (Valladolid) el 9 de enero de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Ardea sp. (Garza), Buteo buteo (Busardo ratonero, también llamado Águila ratera), Carduelis carduelis (Jilguero), Columba oenas (Paloma zurita), Columba palumbus (Paloma torcaz), Corvus corone (Corneja negra), Milvus milvus (Milano real), Patos (seguramente, Anas sp.), Pica pica (Urraca, llamada "marica" y "picarza" por el autor), Sturnus unicolor (Estornino negro)...

  20. Notas de campo de Pollos (Valladolid), a 22 de julio de 1955

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Notas de campo de Pollos (Valladolid), procedentes de informes, a 22 de julio de 1955, de las que se anotaron observaciones sobre el mamífero Genetta genetta (Jineta), el reptil Rhinechis scalaris (Culebra de escalera, llamada Elaphe scalaris o Coluber scalaris por el autor), y las siguientes aves: Ardea cinerea (Garza real), Columba palumbus (Paloma torcaz), Egretta garzetta (Garceta común), Milvus migrans (Milano negro), Milvus milvus (Milano real), Nycticorax nycticorax (Martinete común) ...

  1. Salida de campo por Valladolid el 2 de abril de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Valladolid capital el 2 de abril de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre gasterópodos (Mollusca: Gastropoda), los órdenes Coleoptera e Hymenoptera de insectos (Arthropoda: Hexapoda: Insecta), hallados en estómagos de las siguientes aves: Burhinus oedicnemus (Alcaraván común), Lanius meridionalis (Alcaudón real, llamado L.excubitor por el autor), Milvus migrans (Milano negro) y Milvus milvus (Milano real).

  2. Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 31 de marzo de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 31 de marzo de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus sp. (Carricero), Alectoris rufa (Perdiz roja), Anas platyrhynchos (Ánade azulón), Anser anser (Ánsar común), Anthus spinoletta (Bisbita alpino), Ardea sp. (Garza), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Ciconia ciconia (Cigüeña blanca), Circus aeruginosus (Aguilucho lagunero occidental), Clamator glandarius ...

  3. Salida de campo a Valdestillas (Valladolid) el 19 de agosto de 1954

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Valdestillas (Valladolid) el 19 de agosto de 1954, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Actitis hypoleucos (Andarríos chico, llamado, Actynioides hypoleucus por el autor), Aegithalos caudatus (Mito), Alectoris sp. (Perdiz), Burhinus oedicnemus (Alcaraván común), Certhia sp. (Agateador, también conocido como Chapin), Charadrius dubius (Chorlitejo chico), Ciconia ciconia (Cigüeña blanca), Columba oenas (Paloma zurita), Columba palumbus (Paloma torcaz)...

  4. Salida de campo al Sotillo (Valladolid) el 28 de febrero de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al Sotillo (en Valladolid capital) el 28 de febrero de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre ranas (sin concretar las especies), lagartijas (sin concretar las especies), los siguientes mamíferos: Crocidura russula (Musaraña gris) y "Pytimis" (llamado así por el autor, siendo posiblemente el actual género Microtus), y las siguientes aves: Larus ridibundus (Gaviota reidora), Milvus milvus (Milano real), Turdus ericetorum (considerado actualmente Turdus philomelos, el Z...

  5. Salida de campo a La Flecha (Valladolid) el 16 de junio de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al soto de La Flecha, río Pisuerga a su paso por Valladolid capital, el 16 de junio de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Carricero común), Caprimulgus ruficollis (Chotacabras cuellirojo), Coracias garrulus (Carraca europea), Corvus corone (Corneja negra), Hippolais polyglotta (Zarcero común), Luscinia megarhynchos (Ruiseñor común), Merops apiaster (Abejaruco europeo), Milvus migrans (Milano negro), Oriolus oriolus (Or...

  6. Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 12 de octubre de 1950

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid), pasando también por Los Barreros, el 12 de octubre de 1950, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Carricero común), Anthus spinoletta (Bisbita alpino), Certhia sp. (Agateador), Corvus corone (Corneja negra), Corvus monedula (Grajilla, llamada Coloeus por el autor), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Ficedula hypoleuca (Papamoscas cerrojillo, llamado Muscicapa hypoleuca por el autor), Fringilla c...

  7. Salida de campo por Valladolid el 4 de noviembre de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo, probablemente por Valladolid capital, el 4 de noviembre de 1953, de la que únicamente se conservan dos ilustraciones a lapicero de un macho de Falco peregrinus (Halcón peregrino, también llamado Alcotán palomero). Field trip, possibly through the city of Valladolid, the 4th of November of 1953, of which the only preserved documents are two pencil illustration of a Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon).

  8. Rhinolophoidea (Chiroptera, Mammalia) from the Upper Oligocene of Carrascosa del Campo (Central Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Sevilla, Paloma

    1990-01-01

    For the first time in Spain, an Oligocene bat fauna is described from thee alluvial locality of Carrascosa del Campo. Four species are present: two belong to Hipposideros (Pseudorhinolophus) another to Rhinolophus and a fourth one to Megadenna. Three new species are described : Hipposideros (Pseudorhinolophus) minor nov. sp., Hipposideros (Pseudorhinolophus) conquensis nov. sp. and Megaderma lopezae nov. sp .. Hipposideros (Ps.) minor nov. sp. is closely relaled to Hipposideros (P...

  9. Preliminary statistical studies concerning the Campos RJ sugar cane area, using LANDSAT imagery and aerial photographs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parada, N. D. J. (Principal Investigator); Costa, S. R. X.; Paiao, L. B. F.; Mendonca, F. J.; Shimabukuro, Y. E.; Duarte, V.

    1983-01-01

    The two phase sampling technique was applied to estimate the area cultivated with sugar cane in an approximately 984 sq km pilot region of Campos. Correlation between existing aerial photography and LANDSAT data was used. The two phase sampling technique corresponded to 99.6% of the results obtained by aerial photography, taken as ground truth. This estimate has a standard deviation of 225 ha, which constitutes a coefficient of variation of 0.6%.

  10. Infrared inspection applied to offshore platforms: Petrobras experience at Campos Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdini, Edson A.; Veratti, Attilio B.

    2002-03-01

    Bacia de Campos (Rio de Janeiro - Brazil) is one of the biggest offshore petroleum fields in the world today. In June 2001, Bacia de Campos, having more than 490 oil wells, 34 offshore platforms and 7 modified ships in operation, reached 1,3 million barrels/day. If compared to OPEP countries only nine of them got an average production higher than 1 million barrels/day in 2000, which means it can be placed on the 10th position in the rank of oil producers. In this context this work aims not only to show the results achieved within the introduction of thermographic inspections in offshore oil production (platforms and ships), but also the financial results (ROI - Return of Investment) considering the use of this particular technique. Bacia de Campos got a ROI around 7 million dollars in the last 4 years, which means a hundred times higher than the total cost of thermographic services in the same period. As far as we know this is one of the best results already reported in the world. We also present the methodology applied to analyze thermal anomalies in electrical components and data management software, including advanced Digital Reports sent via Internet.

  11. El trabajo de campo: clave en la investigación cualitativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Inés Soto-Lesmes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: destacar la experiencia de la inserción al campo no sólo como la forma de recolectar información y determinar la calidad de los datos en que se basan los hallazgos, análisis y conclusiones, sino, también como elemento integrador del proceso de investigación que permita realizar una lectura de la realidad más específica. Método: a través de la investigación Experiencias de las adolescentes embarazadas en la localidad de Kennedy en la ciudad de Bogotá. Deseando el embarazo pero no tan pronto, se describen el estudio cualitativo y los antecedentes de la investigación, y se presentan las fases propias de la inserción. Conclusión: como método, la inserción al campo trasciende el acceso al dato; exige una acción dialéctica entre la teoría y la práctica, ya que el trabajo de campo requiere una formación teórico-metodológica y, al mismo tiempo, se sustenta en diversas técnicas y herramientas para la investigación.

  12. Articulación y traducción local en el campo rockero de Quito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Dammert Guardia

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objetivo señalar algunas de las principales características del campo rockero quiteño (Ecuador a partir de dos ejes de discusión: por un lado, los procesos de inserción y traducción local de una práctica “global” como es el rock, y por otro, la importancia que adquiere la ciudad (en términos de su “división” socioespacial para los procesos de diferenciación al interior del campo del rock y para el surgimiento del “rock subterráneo”. La información presentada es parte de un trabajo previo para el cual se recolectó información primaria entre los años 2006 y 2009. El artículo se organiza a partir de la discusión crítica sobre el campo de estudios sobre culturas juveniles.

  13. The People-First Service of Grand Hotel Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Grand Hotel Beijing is located north of Chang’an Avenue and east of the landmark Forbidden City in Beijing.This five-star luxury hotel has received numerous government delegations and state leaders from around the world since it opened in 1990.Wang Fuhe has been General Manager of Grand Hotel Beijing for more than 10 years.Through the effortsofWangandhisteam,thehotelflagshipsteers steady and fast,taking a leading position among the countless luxury hotels in Beijing.Wang attributes the success of Grand Hotel Beijing to its distinctive

  14. Grandes sistemas fluviais tropicais: uma visão geral

    OpenAIRE

    Rajiv Sinha; Edgardo Manuel Latrubesse; José Cândido Stevaux

    2010-01-01

    Muitos dos grandes rios e dos leques aluviais existentes estão situados em áreas tropicais e constituem os maiores sistemas de estoque e transferência de sedimentos e nutrientes para o oceano. O presente trabalho visa a apresentação e análise geral dos grandes sistemas fluviais e leques aluviais (área da bacia entre 104 e 6 x 106 km ) de regiões tropicais com precipitação acima de 700 mm anuais. Os grandes sistemas fluviais ...

  15. Análise das propriedades ópticas da água do reservatório Rodolfo Costa e Silva – Itaara, RS, Brasil, usando dados espectrais de campo e imagens orbitais multiespectrais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conrado de Moraes Rudorff

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho avaliou a separabilidade de classes de água, a partir de técnicas de análises da reflectância de superfície, com dados medidos em campo e imagens multiespectrais adquiridas em nível orbital. A área de estudo foi o reservatório Rodolfo Costa e Silva, localizado na região central do Rio Grande do Sul. A metodologia foi baseada na coleta de dados in situ – total de sólidos em suspensão, clorofila (a, b, c, transparência da água e espectros de reflectância bidirecional – em 21 pontos amostrais no dia 16 de maio de 2006. A técnica de remoção do contínuo foi aplicada aos espectros de campo em quatro intervalos de bandas de absorção: 400-550nm, 610-640nm, 650-680nm e 580-700nm. Os parâmetros de remoção do contínuo das bandas de absorção analisados foram: profundidade, área e largura. Verificou-se que os parâmetros de profundidade, área e a largura da banda de absorção não apresentaram potencial de separabilidade em classes espectrais relacionadas à pequena variação na concentração dos componentes opticamente ativos na água. Imagens CBERS-2/CCD e Landsat 5/TM adquiridas em datas próximas à atividade de campo foram corrigidas dos efeitos atmosféricos e classificadas. Os resultados das classificações não apresentaram correlações significativas com os parâmetros de qualidade da água, a fim de proporcionar uma caracterização espectral das classes de água ou compartimentos. A dificuldade no estabelecimento de relações entre os parâmetros de reflectância espectral e qualidade da água foi devida, principalmente, à baixa variabilidade dos componentes opticamente ativos na água do Reservatório Rodolfo Costa e Silva. Neste caso, as análises espectrais testadas neste trabalho não foram sensíveis às pequenas variações observadas por meio dos dados de campo.

  16. The grand descent has begun for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Until recently, the CMS experimental cavern looked relatively empty; its detector was assembled entirely at ground level, to be lowered underground in 15 sections. On 2 November, the first hadronic forward calorimeter led the way with a grand descent. The first section of the CMS detector (centre of photo) arriving from the vertical shaft, viewed from the cavern floor. There is something unusual about the construction of the CMS detector. Instead of being built in the experimental cavern, like all the other detectors in the LHC experiments, it was constructed at ground level. This was to allow for easy access during the assembly of the detector and to minimise the size of the excavated cavern. The slightly nerve-wracking task of lowering it safely into the cavern in separate sections came after the complete detector was successfully tested with a magnetic field at ground level. In the early morning of 2 November, the first section of the CMS detector began its eagerly awaited descent into the underground ca...

  17. Proton decay: Numerical simulations confront grand unification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Grand Unified Theories of the electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions constitute a far reaching attempt to synthesize our knowledge of theoretical particle physics into a consistent and compelling whole. Unfortunately, many quantitative predictions of such unified theories are sensitive to the analytically intractible effects of the strong subnuclear theory (Quantum Chromodynamics or QCD). The consequence is that even ambitious experimental programs exploring weak and super-weak interaction effects often fail to give definitive theoretical tests. This paper describes large-scale calculations on a supercomputer which can help to overcome this gap between theoretical predictions and experimental results. Our focus here is on proton decay, though the methods described are useful for many weak processes. The basic algorithms for the numerical simulation of QCD are well known. We will discuss the advantages and challenges of applying these methods to weak transitions. The algorithms require a very large data base with regular data flow and are natural candidates for vectorization. Also, 32-bit floating point arithmetic is adequate. Thus they are most naturally approached using a supercomputer alone or in combination with a dedicated special purpose processor. (orig.)

  18. Convective Dynamo Simulation with a Grand Minimum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustson, Kyle C.; Brun, A. S.; Miesch, Mark; Toomre, Juri

    2015-01-01

    The global-scale dynamo action achieved in a simulation of a Sun-like star rotating at thrice the solar rate is assessed. The 3-D MHD Anelastic Spherical Harmonic (ASH) code, augmented with a viscosity minimization scheme, is employed to capture convection and dynamo processes in this G-type star. The simulation is carried out in a spherical shell that encompasses 3.8 density scale heights of the solar convection zone. It is found that dynamo action with a high degree of time variation occurs, with many periodic polarity reversals occurring roughly every 6.2 years. The magnetic energy also rises and falls with a regular period. The magnetic energy cycles arise from a Lorentz-force feedback on the differential rotation, whereas the processes leading to polarity reversals are more complex, appearing to arise from the interaction of convection with the mean toroidal fields. Moreover, an equatorial migration of toroidal field is found, which is linked to the changing differential rotation, and potentially to a nonlinear dynamo wave. This simulation also enters a grand minimum lasting roughly 20 years, after which the dynamo recovers its regular polarity cycles.

  19. Grand challenges in clinical decision support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sittig, Dean F; Wright, Adam; Osheroff, Jerome A; Middleton, Blackford; Teich, Jonathan M; Ash, Joan S; Campbell, Emily; Bates, David W

    2008-04-01

    There is a pressing need for high-quality, effective means of designing, developing, presenting, implementing, evaluating, and maintaining all types of clinical decision support capabilities for clinicians, patients and consumers. Using an iterative, consensus-building process we identified a rank-ordered list of the top 10 grand challenges in clinical decision support. This list was created to educate and inspire researchers, developers, funders, and policy-makers. The list of challenges in order of importance that they be solved if patients and organizations are to begin realizing the fullest benefits possible of these systems consists of: improve the human-computer interface; disseminate best practices in CDS design, development, and implementation; summarize patient-level information; prioritize and filter recommendations to the user; create an architecture for sharing executable CDS modules and services; combine recommendations for patients with co-morbidities; prioritize CDS content development and implementation; create internet-accessible clinical decision support repositories; use freetext information to drive clinical decision support; mine large clinical databases to create new CDS. Identification of solutions to these challenges is critical if clinical decision support is to achieve its potential and improve the quality, safety and efficiency of healthcare. PMID:18029232

  20. A unified grand tour of theoretical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Griffiths, J

    2002-01-01

    Anyone offering a grand tour is faced with several options. Should they concentrate on what may be considered to be essential features, or should they attempt to present a brief glimpse of almost everything? The present offering is a compromise between these two extremes. The area considered - theoretical physics - is now such a vast subject that some kind of compromise is essential. Indeed, the field is now so wide that few could even attempt to review it in a single-authored work. My task here is to assess how well this book has succeeded in its main aim of providing a unified (though introductory) tour of this subject. Constrained within a single volume, this is clearly not an updated Landau-Lifschitz. It cannot be expected to take any particular topic to the level of recent research. Nevertheless, it does seem to cover the broad range of essential topics which now constitute the subject. It starts (most appropriately in my opinion) with geometry. It then covers classical physics, general relativity and qu...

  1. Integrated telemedicine workstation for intercontinental grand rounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Charles E.; Leckie, Robert G.; Brink, Linda; Goeringer, Fred

    1995-04-01

    The Telemedicine Spacebridge to Moscow was a series of intercontinental sessions sponsored jointly by NASA and the Moscow Academy of Medicine. To improve the quality of medical images presented, the MDIS Project developed a workstation for acquisition, storage, and interactive display of radiology and pathology images. The workstation was based on a Macintosh IIfx platform with a laser digitizer for radiographs and video capture capability for microscope images. Images were transmitted via the Russian Lyoutch Satellite which had only a single video channel available and no high speed data channels. Two workstations were configured -- one for use at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences in Bethesda, MD. and the other for use at the Hospital of the Interior in Moscow, Russia. The two workstations were used may times during 16 sessions. As clinicians used the systems, we modified the original configuration to improve interactive use. This project demonstrated that numerous acquisition and output devices could be brought together in a single interactive workstation. The video images were satisfactory for remote consultation in a grand rounds format.

  2. Local grand unification in the heterotic landscape

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, Jonas

    2009-07-15

    We consider the possibility that the unification of the electroweak interactions and the strong force arises from string theory, at energies significantly lower than the string scale. As a tool, an effective grand unified field theory in six dimensions is derived from an anisotropic orbifold compactification of the heterotic string. It is explicitly shown that all anomalies cancel in the model, though anomalous Abelian gauge symmetries are present locally at the boundary singularities. In the supersymmetric vacuum additional interactions arise from higher-dimensional operators. We develop methods that relate the couplings of the effective theory to the location of the vacuum, and find that unbroken discrete symmetries play an important role for the phenomenology of orbifold models. An efficient algorithm for the calculation of the superpotential to arbitrary order is developed, based on symmetry arguments. We furthermore present a correspondence between bulk fields of the orbifold model in six dimensions, and the moduli fields that arise from compactifying four internal dimensions on a manifold with non-trivial gauge background. (orig.)

  3. Toward Realistic Gauge-Higgs Grand Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Furui, Atsushi; Yamatsu, Naoki

    2016-01-01

    The $SO(11)$ gauge-Higgs grand unification in the Randall-Sundrum warped space is presented. The 4D Higgs field is identified as the zero mode of the fifth dimensional component of the gauge potentials, or as the fluctuation mode of the Aharonov-Bohm phase $\\theta_H$ along the fifth dimension. Fermions are introduced in the bulk in the spinor and vector representations of $SO(11)$. $SO(11)$ is broken to $SO(4) \\times SO(6)$ by the orbifold boundary conditions, which is broken to $SU(2)_L \\times U(1)_Y \\times SU(3)_C$ by a brane scalar. Evaluating the effective potential $V_{\\rm eff} (\\theta_H)$, we show that the electroweak symmetry is dynamically broken to $U(1)_{\\rm EM}$. The quark-lepton masses are generated by the Hosotani mechanism and brane interactions, with which the observed mass spectrum is reproduced. The proton decay is forbidden thanks to the new fermion number conservation. It is pointed out that there appear light exotic fermions. The Higgs boson mass is determined with the quark-lepton masses ...

  4. A Proportional Wire Chamber Array: GRAND's Status

    CERN Document Server

    Poirier, J; Puerto, M L; Strahler, E A; Vermedahl, J

    2003-01-01

    Project GRAND is a 100m x 100m air shower array of position sensitive proportional wire chambers (PWCs) located at 41.7 degrees North and 86.2 degrees West at an elevation of 220m above sea level. Its convenient location adjacent to the campus of the University of Notre Dame makes it a good training ground for students. There are 64 stations each with eight 1.29 m^2 PWCs. The geometry of the stations allows for the angles of charged secondaries to be determined to within 0.26 degrees in each of two orthogonal planes; muons are differentiated from electrons and hadrons by means of a steel plate. Two triggers are run simultaneously: a multiple hit coincidence trigger, rich in extensive air showers, and a single track trigger, rich in secondary muon tracks. The former trigger is sensitive to primary energies greater than ~100 TeV, the latter to energies greater than ~10 GeV.

  5. ESTUDO DO COMÉRCIO VAREJISTA REALIZADO NOS SHOPPING CENTERS EM CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES: UMA ANÁLISE SOBRE OS CRITÉRIOS DA ABRASCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SALES, N.O.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O varejo é um setor da economia extremamente relevante, é responsável por milhões de empregos e está intensamente presente na vida das pessoas, além de representar aproximadamente 22% do PIB brasileiro. O Comércio varejista é o grande responsável por atender as necessidades do consumo do mercado, por proporcionar experiências de compra prazerosas e por escoar os produtos das indústrias para o consumidor final (PARENTE & BARKI, 2014. Os shopping Centers têm se firmado como um dos principais fatores de expansão do comércio varejista nos grandes centros urbanos. Este tipo de centro comercial possui elementos em um só lugar, como: segurança, divertimento, conforto, alimentação e variadas opções de compra. Estas características se apresentam como diferenciais em relação às formas tradicionais do varejo. A combinação de muitas lojas sob o mesmo teto cria uma sinergia que atrai mais clientes do que se as lojas estivessem em locais separados, segundo Levy e Weitz (2000, um Shopping Center é um grupo de varejo e de outros estabelecimentos comerciais que é planejado, desenvolvido, de propriedade única e gerenciado como uma única propriedade. A ABRASCE - Associação Brasileira de Shopping Centers, é a principal entidade representativa do setor no país. ABRASCE atua desde 1976 com o compromisso de fomentar, fortalecer e colaborar com o desenvolvimento e crescimento do setor no Brasil, além de zelar pelos interesses de seus associados (ABRASCE, 2015. Conforme Santos (2010, a ABRASCE associa aqueles que se enquadram dentro das condições de caracterização de um Shopping Center, inclusive considera-se somente aqueles com unidades comerciais locadas. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo principal, identificar centros comerciais intitulados Shopping Center da cidade de Campos dos Goytacazes/RJ e verificar se os mesmos atendem os critérios da ABRASCE. A proposta metodológica desta pesquisa engloba a abordagem descritiva

  6. Selenium speciation analysis of Misgurnus anguillicaudatus selenoprotein by HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Analytical methods for selenium (Se) speciation were developed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to either inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) or electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). Separations of selenomethionine (Se-Met) and sel...

  7. Enterotoxemia em caprinos no Rio Grande do Sul Caprine enterotoxaemia in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Colodel, Edson M; David Driemeier; Milene Schmitz; Marlise Germer; Ricardo A. P. Nascimento; Ronnie A. Assis; Francisco C.F. Lobato; Uzal, Francisco A.

    2003-01-01

    São descritos surtos de enterotoxemia em caprinos em cinco propriedades no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os animais afetados eram, normalmente, encontrados mortos ou apresentavam evolução aguda de 2 a 3 horas com acentuada depressão, cólicas abdominais e diarréia profusa com fibrina. Em duas propriedades relataram-se casos com a evolução de até 12 horas. Em treze animais necropsiados observaram-se aumento de líquidos nas cavidades abdominal, torácica e pericárdica, congestão e hiperemia da ser...

  8. MS-SQL data base programming

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is about MS-SQL data base programming which is divided into thirteen chapters. The contents of this book are to understand MS-SQL 2000 DBMS with its composition, new function and history of MS-SQL, to learn conception of data base, install, run and closing of MS-SQL 2000 DBMS, to deal with the basic of MS-SQL DBMS, to handle the intermediate level of MS-SQL DBMS, to deal with MS-SQL DBMS in advanced level, to practice query like changing data base and checking of data lists, function on its use and data diff, get date, date add, char, upper and system function, set-up of MS-SQL ODBC, constructing of web server of windows 2000, web programming using visual studio.net.making board and making reference room.

  9. Determination of sterigmatocystin in feed by LC-MS/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biancardi, Alberto; Dall'Asta, Chiara

    2015-01-01

    An LC-MS/MS method is proposed for the analysis of sterigmatocystin in cereals and feed. The method is based on a solid-liquid extraction and a dilute-and-shoot approach. Accuracy and precision were established at the LOQ (1 μg kg(-1)); the mean overall recovery (n = 6) was 98%, with a confidence interval of 3.8% and a CV% of 3.7%. Accuracy and precision were also assessed at three other concentration levels (2.03, 5.07 and 10.14 μg kg(-1); six replicates per level). The mean overall recovery (n = 24, LOQ included) was 99% with a confidence interval of 0.8% and a CV% of 1.9%. The method was then applied to 14 naturally incurred feed samples. Aflatoxin B1 was present in the range 28.7-240.1 µg kg(-1), while lower concentrations of sterigmatocystin were found (0.7-2.2 µg kg(-1)). This method may represent a valuable choice, ensuring a high level of accuracy and precision, as well as high-throughput performance. Therefore, it meets the recent EFSA opinion recommendation in terms of availability of fast and sensitive methods (recommended LOQ = 1.5 μg kg(-1)) in order to increase data collection to allow for the assessment of dietary exposure. PMID:26471726

  10. Estrategias óptimas de un juego bipersonal de suma cero y puntos de ensilladura del campo escalar asociado

    OpenAIRE

    Freixas Bosch, Josep

    1993-01-01

    Definimos el campo escalar asociado a un juego bipersonal de suma cero. Estudiamos la existencia y unicidad de puntos estacionarios y obtenemos la forma general de los mismos en caso de unicidad. Se establece que todo punto estacionario es de ensilladura. La importancia del estudio anterior queda reflejada al establecer la equivalencia entre las estrategias óptimas simples de un juego y los puntos estacionarios del campo escalar asociado. El Teorema de Shapley-Snow [2] proporciona un mé...

  11. PETROBRAS and social responsibility: the artificial reefs project in Campos Basin, Brazil; PETROBRAS e responsabilidade social: a instalacao de recifes artificiais na Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortegiano, Adriana de Santa Marinha Pastorino de Almeida

    2004-07-01

    This article focus on an innovative project launched by PETROBRAS with the main purpose of minimizing the impacts of drilling activities in Campos Basin, over the fishery industry in the northeast region of Rio de Janeiro. This project is seen as a relevant part of PETROBRAS' corporate social responsibility actions. In this sense, it is supposed to consider the interests of all parts directly and indirectly related and affected by the companies' intervention. The major conclusion is that the project could be an important first step to restructure the fishery sector an to harmonize the 'sea users'. A potential improvement could be the promotion of a more effective participation of fishermen in the project and the inclusion of the social and environmental dimensions. (author)

  12. Tectonic inheritage from adjacent basement, north of the Campos Basin; Heranca tectonica no embasamento adjacente no norte da Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferroni, Felipe R. [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil); Castro, Joel C. de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Geologia Aplicada; Souza, Iata A. de; Castro, Joel C. de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas

    2008-07-01

    The evolution of the Atlantic Brazilian basins is a target of researches since the firth discovery of oil deposits. With the advance of the geophysical methods the understanding of the structures in depth became possible. The objective of this paper is to determine if the adjacent basement in the north of Campos Basin has significant influence in the identification of areas that can contain hydrocarbons. Therefore, lineaments had been extracted with SRTM images of continental basement and the main alignment was correlated with gravimetric anomalies map and seismic data. Eight levels on seismic data had been interpreted (basement, top rift, shallow water Albian, Albian, mid-Oligocene and mid-Miocene). In all levels were identified a fault normal system, which cut sediments since basement until the Recent. The main direction of the basement is NE-SW, and the alignments formed for basin basement faults coincide with this direction, what indicates that the system is active and also genetically related. (author)

  13. Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Grand Bay NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the Refuge vision and purpose...

  14. The KASCADE-Grande Experiment and the LOPES Project

    CERN Document Server

    Badea, A F; Apel, W D; Bekk, K; Bercuci, A; Bertaina, M; Blümer, H; Bozdog, H; Brancus, I M; Bruggemann, M; Bucholz, P; Chiavassa, A; Daumiller, K; di Pierro, F; Doll, P; Engel, R; Engler, J; Falcke, H; Fessler, F; Ghia, P L; Gils, H J; Glasstetter, R; Haungs, A; Heck, D; Hörandel, J R; Horneffer, A; Huege, T; Kampert, K H; Kant, G W; Klages, H O; Kolotaev, Yu; Maier, G; Mathes, H J; Mayer, H J; Milke, J; Morello, C; Müller, M; Navarra, G; Obenland, R; Oehlschläger, J; Ostapchenko, S; Petcu, M; Plewnia, S; Rebel, H; Risse, A; Roth, M; Schieler, H; Scholz, J; Stumpert, M; Thouw, T; Toma, G; Trinchiero, G C; Ulrich, H; Valchierotti, S; Van Buren, J; De Vos, C M; Walkowiak, W; Weindl, A; Wochele, J; Zabierowski, J; Zagromski, S; Zimmermann, D

    2004-01-01

    KASCADE-Grande is the extension of the multi-detector setup KASCADE to cover a primary cosmic ray energy range from 100 TeV to 1 EeV. The enlarged EAS experiment provides comprehensive observations of cosmic rays in the energy region around the knee. Grande is an array of 700 x 700 sqm equipped with 37 plastic scintillator stations sensitive to measure energy deposits and arrival times of air shower particles. LOPES is a small radio antenna array to operate in conjunction with KASCADE-Grande in order to calibrate the radio emission from cosmic ray air showers. Status and capabilities of the KASCADE-Grande experiment and the LOPES project are presented.

  15. Riesz's and Bessel's Operators in Bilateral Grand Lebesgue Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ostrovsky, E; Sirota, L

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we obtain the non - asymptotic estimations for Riesz's and Bessel's potential integral operators in the so - called Bilateral Grand Lebesgue Spaces. We also give examples to show the sharpness of these inequalities.

  16. Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge: Comprehensive Conservation Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan CCP was written to guide management on Grand Cote NWR for the next 15 years. This plan outlines the Refuge vision and purpose...

  17. Species status assessment report for the Rio Grande cutthroat trout

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Rio Grande cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii virginalis) lives in high elevation, coldwater streams in New Mexico and southern Colorado. It is a subspecies...

  18. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Vegetation Mapping Project - Plot Locations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This layer contains spatial information for 25 plots sampled during vegetation mapping and classification efforts at Casa Grande Ruins NM, AZ. Data was collected by...

  19. Grand Bay National Wildlilfe Refuge [Land Status Map

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This map was produced by the Division of Realty to depict landownership at Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge. It was generated from rectified aerial photography,...

  20. Canonical versus grand canonical treatment of the conservation laws

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The differences between the canonical and the grand canoncial treatment of the conservation laws in the relativistic statistical thermodynamics are discussed. The possible implications on the thermodynamics description of hadronic matter created in particle or ion collisions are considered

  1. Albuquerque/Middle Rio Grande Urban Waters Viewer

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — These data have been compiled in support of the Middle Rio Grande/Albuquerque Urban Waters Partnership for the region including Albuquerque, New Mexico.The Middle...

  2. Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuges Habitat Management Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Grand Cote NWR Habitat Management Plan provides a longterm vision and specific guidance on managing habitats for the resources of concern at the Refuge, to...

  3. Perfil Económico Del Mercado de Residuos Sólidos: Un Estudio de Caso en Cuiabá/Várzea Grande (Brasil).

    OpenAIRE

    Hélde Araújo Domingos; Alexandre Magno de Melo Faria; Dilamar Dallemole; José Ramos Pires Manso

    2015-01-01

    La coyuntura socio ambiental y urbano de los municipios brasileños tiene como principal desafío la gestión ambiental en su espacio. Por medio de una investigación en el campo y utilizando estadística descriptiva, fue realizada una caracterización del perfil económico de las empresas de residuos sólidos en Cuiabá y Várzea Grande (Brasil). Los resultados indican que el sector fue responsable por el reciclaje de un 30,3% de los residuos en estos municipios brasileños en el año de 2010, sino que ...

  4. Cartografía de grandes incendios forestales en la Península Ibérica a partir de imágenes NOAA-AVHRR

    OpenAIRE

    Chuvieco, Emilio; Martín Isabel, María Pilar

    1998-01-01

    [ES] En este trabajo se evalúan las posibilidades de la aplicación de imágenes adquiridas por el sensor AVHRR, a bordo de los satélites de la serie NOAA, a la cartografía e inventarío de superficies afectadas por grandes incendios forestales a escala regional y tomando como área piloto la Península Ibérica. Se han utilizado una serie de imágenes AVHRR adquiridas entre los meses de junio y septiembre de los años 1991,1994 y 1995. Destaca como aportación metodológica en este campo el diseño de ...

  5. High-frequency paleobathymetry oscillations in the Campos Basin driven by orbital cycles; Oscilacoes paleobatimetricas de alta frequencia induzidas por ciclos orbitais na Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barbosa, Valquiria Porfirio [Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Geociencias (Brazil); Cunha, Armando Antonio Scarparo [Unidade de Operacoes de Exploracao e Producao da Amazonia, Exploracao, Gerencia de Sedimentologia e Estratigrafia (Brazil)], e-mail: scarparo@petrobras.com.br; Shimabukuro, Seirin [Centro de Pesquisas da Petrobras (CENPES). P e D em Geociencias, Gerencia de Bio-Estratigrafia e Paleoecologia (Brazil)], e-mail: seirin@petrobras.com.br; Gamboa, Luiz Antonio Pierantoni [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi. RJ (Brazil). Centro de Estudos Gerais. Inst. de Geociencias], e-mail: luizgamboa@gmail.com

    2010-05-15

    An integrated paleoecological, biostratigraphic and cyclostratigraphic study was carried out on sedimentary rhythm sequences in the Oligocene-Miocene of the Campos Basin, Brazil. The bio stratigraphic data combined with the spectral analysis performed on numerical data based on carbonate content variations of cores from well A, Campos Basin, reveal a periodicity related to the Milankovitch cycles. Benthic foraminiferal biofacies oscillations recognized in these cores have the same frequency and phase of long eccentricity cycles (400 Ka). Paleoceanographic changes (such as changes in ocean currents, water temperature and food supply) can modify the distribution and frequency patterns of foraminifera assemblages. However, the method used to interpret the biofacies, the geological context of the studied area and the proposed genetic model to explain the origin of these rhythmically patterned rocks, suggest that changes in foraminiferal biofacies are directly related to the paleobathymetry variations induced by glacio-eustatic oscillations of relative sea level . According to the proposed model, productivity-dilution cycles were instrumental in the origin of these marl-limestone couplets. During regressive phases, conditions were established to increase continental runoff to a bathyal setting. The increase of continental runoff with decrease of contribution of the main carbonate components led to the deposition of marlstone. During the transgressive phase, the relative reduction in clay input from continental sediments, favored a productivity growth of pelagic carbonate (calcareous nannofossil and planktonic foraminifera), which created conditions facilitating the deposition of limestone layers. The paleobathymetry oscillations, interpreted from the benthic foraminifera assemblage, and the formation of couplets, seems to be in phase with the transgressive-regressive cycles indicating a common cause to both processes. (author)

  6. CARACTERIZACIÓN GEOESTADÍSTICA DE ESFUERZOS EN UN CAMPO DE PETRÓLEO: CASO DE ESTUDIO CAMPO CUPIAGUA, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUIS HERNÁN SÁNCHEZ ARREDONDO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es la estimación del azimut del esfuerzo mínimo horizontal (AEMH en la zona Norte del campo Cupiagua, localizado en el Piedemonte Llanero, usando como herramienta fundamental la geoestadística. La metodología para el tratamiento de los datos consistió en la conversión de los valores azimutales (variables circulares a datos numéricos mediante los senos directores con el fi n de evitar incompatibilidades en la medida del error. El análisis geoestadístico mostró que la variabilidad espacial de los datos son concurrentes con un efecto pepita de 0.0017 más un modelo exponencial con meseta igual a 0.0087 y rango de infl uencia de 7874 pies. La dirección del AEMH, estimada por el método de kriging ordinario de bloques, indicó que los valores AEMH varían entre 11º-65º, con un valor promedio de 34º, mientrasque el error de estimación varía entre 2° y 7°. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron diferenciar dos campos de orientación de esfuerzos mínimos horizontales: uno al norte, donde el AEMH tiende a valores inferiores a 40º y representan el 75% de los datos estimados; mientras que el 25% de los datos restantes, superan los valores obtenidos en el norte, debido probablemente a una mayor complejidad estructural de la zona.

  7. Physical Exercise and MS Recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalgas, U; Ingemann-Hansen, T; Stenager, E

    2009-01-01

    The use of physical exercise programmes in the rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been a controversial issue for many years. During the last decade, however, evidence from a number of studies has suggested that exercise is a safe and efficient way to induce improvements...... in a number of physiological functions, which ultimately can lead to functional improvements that have a positive effect on a patients daily life. The purpose of this review is, based on the existing research, to provide clinicians with some easily administrable recommendations for the application of exercise...

  8. Female homicide in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Tomedi Leites; Stela Nazareth Meneghel; Vania Noemi Hirakata

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to assess the female homicide rate due to aggression in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, using this as a "proxy" of femicide. This was an ecological study which correlated the female homicide rate due to aggression in Rio Grande do Sul, according to the 35 microregions defined by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), with socioeconomic and demographic variables access and health indicators. Pearson's correlation test was performed with the selected variables. ...

  9. Grand Projection State: Bridge between Thermodynamic Variables and Spatial Constraint

    OpenAIRE

    Yuge, Koretaka

    2016-01-01

    In classical systems, we reexamine the relationship between thermodynamic variables (especially, focusing on grand potential and free energy) and spatial constraint on the constituents. We find that for R-component system, free energy in equilibrium disordered states can be well-characterized by 2(R-1) special microscopic states, which we call "grand projection states" (GP states). While the free energy depends on interactions, chemical potential and temperature, the GP states depend only on ...

  10. The canonical and grand canonical models for nuclear multifragmentation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G Chaudhuri; S Das Gupta

    2010-08-01

    Many observables seen in intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions can be explained on the basis of statistical equilibrium. Calculations based on statistical equilibrium can be implemented in microcanonical ensemble, canonical ensemble or grand canonical ensemble. This paper deals with calculations with canonical and grand canonical ensembles. A recursive relation developed recently allows calculations with arbitrary precision for many nuclear problems. Calculations are done to study the nature of phase transition in nuclear matter.

  11. Triality and the grand canonical ensemble in QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    QCD in the usual finite temperature formulation is using the grand canonical ensemble with chemical potential zero. We demonstrate that this description may give wrong predictions. QCD in the canonical formulation does not explicitly break Z(3) symmetry. It behaves in this sense like pure gluonic QCD. There are no metastable states in the canonical ensemble description as predicted in the grand canonical ensemble formalism. ((orig.))

  12. Inquérito soroepidemiológico para toxoplasmose e avaliação dos condicionantes para sua transmissão em universitários de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul = Seroepidemiological survey of toxoplasmosis and evaluation of the conditioning factors for its transmission in undergraduate students from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figueiredo, Helen Rezende de

    2010-01-01

    Conclusões: a ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii foi relativamente baixa em relação à prevalência média encontrada em diferentes amostras populacionais do Brasil. O fator de risco identificado como provável responsável pela infecção foi a presença de gatos no domicílio. A prevalência de soropositividade para toxoplasmose foi maior na faixa etária acima dos 25 anos

  13. Tres grandes plataformas marinas Mar del Norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soulas, R.

    1978-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the different building stages of three large sea platforms. After studying the structure's main characteristics, preparing scale models and calculating ail the elements, platform construction was carried out in three stages: — Dry-dock construction of the hull base. — Installation in the water and finishing the structure. — Immersion and bridge installation. Finally, the necessary operations to move the platform to its definite location were carried out. The structures are formed by a parallelepiped hull of reinforced concrete, divided into compartments by means of vertical orthogonals panels on top of which 2 or 4 piles are placed to support the bridge.

    En este artículo se analizan las diversas etapas en la realización de tres grandes plataformas marinas. Después de un estudio de las características principales de la estructura, ensayos en modelo reducido y cálculo de todos los elementos, se procede a la construcción de las plataformas en tres fases: — Construcción en seco de la base del casco. — Colocación en el agua y acabado de la estructura. — Inmersión y colocación del puente. Por último, se realizan las operaciones necesarias para llevar la plataforma a su ubicación definitiva. Las estructuras están formadas por un casco paralelepipédico de hormigón armado, dividido en compartimientos mediante tabiques verticales ortogonales y sobre el que se han colocado 2 ó 4 pilas que soportan el puente.

  14. A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO ASSES THE OUTCOME OF GRAND MULTIPARA WITH THAT OF GREAT GRAND MULTIPARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available NEED FOR THE STUDY: In a developing country like India , where poverty , illiteracy , ignorance and lack of knowledge of family planning facilities available have greatly increased the incidence of grandmultipara 2. Grandmultipara has been associated with increased maternal morbidity and mortality rat es as well as poor outcome. The investigator is interested in finding out the outcome in grand multipara women and great grand multipara 1 women during the antenatal , internatal and postnatal period , and also to analyze demographic characteristics such as socioeconomic status and religion of the sample. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: A comparative study to assess the outcome of grandmultipara (1 with that of grandmultipara women. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: 1. To findout the outcome of grandmultipara women during th e antenatal , internatal and postnatal period. 2. To find the outcome of great grandmultipara women during the antenatal , internatal (2 and postnatal period. 3. To compare the outcomes of grandmultipara with that of non - grandmultipara women during the anten atal , internatal and postnatal (3 period. ( 4 To analyze the demographic characteristics 6 of the sample i.e. income and religion.

  15. Paleomagnetic constraints on the age of the Botucatu Formation in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endale Tamrat

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Paleomagnetic and rockmagnetic data are reported for the aeolian Botucatu Formation, in the southern Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul. Oriented samples were taken from a section located between the cities of Jaguari and Santiago. After thermal and alternating field demagnetization, both normal and reversed characteristic remanent magnetizations were found. These results yielded 13 reversed and 5 normal polarity sites, composing a magnetostratigraphic column displaying a sequence of reversed-normal-reversed polarity events. The paleomagnetic pole calculated for 18 sites is located at 114.7ºE, 78.5ºS (dp=8.1º; dm=1.2º, after restoring the strata to the paleohorizontal. This paleomagnetic pole indicates a Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous age to the Botucatu Formation in the investigated area, and places the sampling sites at paleolatitudes as low as 21ºS.Dados paleomagnéticos e de magnetismo de rochas dos sedimentos eólicos da Formação Botucatu, no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, obtidos de uma seção localizada entre as cidades de Jaguari e Santiago, permitiram definir a idade dessa formação. Direções de magnetização características com polaridades normal e reversa foram obtidas após desmagnetizações térmicas e por campos magnéticos alternados. Do total de sítios amostrados 13 apresentaram polaridade reversa e 5, polaridade normal, compondo uma coluna magnetoestratigráfica onde se identificam três horizontes de polaridade, na ordem, reverso-normal-reverso. O pólo paleomagnético baseado em 18 sítios está localizado a 114.7ºE, 78.5ºS (dp = 8.1º; dm = 1.2º, depois de restaurada a paleohorizontal dos sítios de amostragem. Este pólo paleomagnético indica idade do Jurássico Superior-Cretáceo Inferior para a Formação Botucatu na área estudada, e indica que as paleolatitudes ocupadas eram da ordem de 21ºS.

  16. Treatment optimization in MS: Canadian MS Working Group updated recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Mark S; Selchen, Daniel; Arnold, Douglas L; Prat, Alexandre; Banwell, Brenda; Yeung, Michael; Morgenthau, David; Lapierre, Yves

    2013-05-01

    The Canadian Multiple Sclerosis Working Group (CMSWG) developed practical recommendations in 2004 to assist clinicians in optimizing the use of disease-modifying therapies (DMT) in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis. The CMSWG convened to review how disease activity is assessed, propose a more current approach for assessing suboptimal response, and to suggest a scheme for switching or escalating treatment. Practical criteria for relapses, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) progression and MRI were developed to classify the clinical level of concern as Low, Medium and High. The group concluded that a change in treatment may be considered in any RRMS patient if there is a high level of concern in any one domain (relapses, progression or MRI), a medium level of concern in any two domains, or a low level of concern in all three domains. These recommendations for assessing treatment response should assist clinicians in making more rational choices in their management of relapsing MS patients. PMID:23603165

  17. Analytical Method Details (MS): SE9_MS2 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available i Dep MS/MS 4th most intense ion from (1); 6: ITMS + c norm !corona !pi Dep MS/MS 5th most intense ion from (1), Reject Mass List: 235.2000, 376.0400, 609.2800, 810.4100, 1123.6800. ...

  18. El antiguo cementerio de la mision de Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Laborde, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En el marco del proceso de contacto interétnico ocurrido hacia fines del siglo XIX y principios del XX en Tierra del Fuego, lo acontecido específicamente en la misión salesiana La Candelaria (Rio Grande cobra relevancia por la variedad de registros y fuentes que dicho escenario ofrece. La aproximación historiográfica permitió generar información acerca de la presencia de tuberculosis como causa principal de muerte entre los aborígenes que vivieron en la misión y sobre la dieta, la actividad física y las condiciones en las que vivieron aquellos. Paralelamente tres campañas de excavación realizadas hasta el momento permitieron exhumar restos óseos humanos de once individuos integrantes de la comunidad Selk'nam del cementerio de la misión. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar los primeros resultados sobre el relevamiento de patologías nutricionales-metabólicas e infecciosas surgidos de los trabajos de campo realizados por todo el equipo de investigación en dicho cementerio. Los resultados hallados muestran hasta el momento una alta frecuencia de indicadores de stress metabólico-nutricional, mayor a la observada en general en restos de aborígenes de Tierra del Fuego en otros contextos arqueológicos. Además, se observaron lesiones infecciosas inespecíficas que también están presentes en frecuencias altas en casos de tuberculosis

  19. Modeling and identification of new complementary development opportunities in a Campos Basin offshore giant field; Modelagem e identificacao de novas oportunidades de desenvolvimento complementar de um campo gigante na Bacia de Campos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, Jose Adilson T.; Steagall, Daniel E.; Lorenzatto, Rudimar Andreis [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    The objective of this paper is to present the methodology that has been used for the complementary development of the giant Marlin oil field in the Campos Basin, with the study of the opportunities of new wells and application of new technologies for the enhancement of production, recovery factor and the gain of reserves. This methodology is applied integrating geophysics, geology, engineering, planning and operation, containing: identification of the non drained areas, positioning of new locations, risk analysis, reduction risk analysis actions, production estimation, attractive location selection; conceptual well project with location of the well head, submarine layout, drilling program, multiphase flow curves; drilling schedule, completion, and production commencement; production forecasting with flux simulation using operational reality of the oil, gas, and water treatment production capacity; wells substitution and deviation criteria; project critical resources and preliminary economical evaluation including project risk. The obtained results were the optimization of the project portfolio of new wells considering the identification of new opportunities, schedule and entrance order of wells, helping also in the acquisitions of new data for reservoir risk reduction before project implementation. (author)

  20. Intoxicação espontânea por antibióticos ionóforos em ovinos no Rio Grande do Sul Spontaneous poisoning by ionophores in sheep in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel R. Rissi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Um surto de intoxicação espontânea por antibióticos ionóforos em ovinos da região Central do Rio Grande do Sul é descrito. Os 16 ovinos afetados estavam em campo nativo e ingeriram acidentalmente um aditivo alimentar para frangos contendo 250g/kg de narasina. Os sinais clínicos consistiam de fraqueza, incoordenação, dispnéia, secreção nasal, decúbito e morte em poucas horas. Um ovino apresentou urina escura. Macroscopicamente havia ascite, hidrotórax, edema pulmonar e palidez hepática. Discreto grau de degeneração muscular na musculatura esquelética dos membros pélvicos e torácicos foi observado histologicamente. O diagnóstico de intoxicação por narasina foi realizado com base no histórico (ingestão de aditivo alimentar contendo narasina e nos achados clinico-patológicos.An outbreak of spontaneous ionophore toxicity in sheep grazing in native pasture in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil is described. Sixteen sheep which had accidental access to a chicken feed additive containing 250g/kg of narasin were affected. Clinical signs consisted of weakness, incoordination, dyspnea, nasal discharge, recumbency, and death in a few hours. One sheep showed dark red urine. Grossly there were ascites, hydrothorax, pulmonary edema, and hepatic paleness. Discrete skeletal muscle degeneration was observed histologically in the muscles of the pelvic and thoracic limbs. The diagnostic of narasin toxicosis was based on history (ingestion of feed additive containing narasin, clinical, and pathological findings.

  1. Atividade de Forrageamento de Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae em Áreas de Mata e Campo de Gramíneas no Pantanal sul-mato-grossense.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Viscardi Sant'Ana

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO principal objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a taxa de exploração de iscas vivas por formigas em um Ambiente de Mata e de Campo de Gramíneas. O experimento foi desenvolvido no Pantanal sul-mato-grossense, no Município de Corumbá, MS, no período de outubro a novembro de 2006. Cupins do gênero Nasutitermes, serviram de iscas. Em cada área, 80 indivíduos dessa espécie permaneceram expostos no solo sobre uma base de papel filtro durante 10 Minutos. Observou-se a presença de 15 morfoespécies pertencentes a seis gêneros e cinco subfamílias, sendo mais freqüente Myrmicinae. No campo de gramíneas ocorreram maior riqueza e diversidade de espécies. Wasmania sp.1 foi responsável pelo maior número de iscas removidas na Mata e Dorymyrmex sp. 1 no Campo de Gramíneas. A diferença no tempo médio para remoção das iscas nas duas áreas (mata e gramínea não foi significativa. Das 160 iscas oferecidas durante o experimento, 115 sofreram atacadas por formigas: 69 na mata e 46 no campo de gramínea.Activity of Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae Foraging in a Forest Patch and in a subtropical seasonally flooded lowland grassland in the Pantanal from Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.Abstract. The main goal of this research was to evaluate the exploitation rate of live baits for ants in an environment of forest patches and subtropical seasonally flooded lowland grassland. The samples were collected from October to November 2006 in the Pantanal, sub-regions Miranda and Abobral, municipality of Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul, Center West Brazil. Termites of the genera Nasutitermes were used as bait, and remained exposed for 10 minutes on the soil. Eighty baits were used in each environment. Fifteen ant morphospecies in six genera and five subfamilies were collected, and the Myrmicinae were the most frequent subfamily. We found larger richness and diversity of species in the subtropical seasonally flooded lowland grassland. Wasmania sp.1 was responsible

  2. Afinidades antigênicas de amostras de campo do vírus da bronquite infecciosa das galinhas com a amostra Massachusetts M41 Antigenic affinities of infectious bronchitis virus field isolates to Massachusetts M41 strain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.B. Souza

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar as afinidades antigênicas entre 14 amostras de vírus da bronquite infecciosa das galinhas (VBIG isoladas de casos clínicos ocorridos entre 1972 e 1989 no Estado de Minas Gerais, sua reatividade frente a dois anticorpos monoclonais (AcMs específicos contra a glicoproteína S1 do sorotipo Massachusetts de VBIG foi examinada em ELISA. As 14 amostras de campo estudadas foram agrupadas, de acordo com o relacionamento antigênico aos AcMs, em relacionadas (três amostras e não relacionadas (onze amostras à amostra M41 do sorotipo Massachusetts. As amostras de campo não reconhecidas, considerando a alta especificidade dos AcMs à amostra M41, compõem uma diversidade que pode variar de integrantes do sorotipo Massachusetts de origem vacinal a sorotipos heterólogos. Amostras com afinidade antigênica à M41 (208-1972, PM1-1987 e PM2-1987 foram detectadas, o que configura a preservação da amostra no campo, apesar da alta variabilidade da glicoproteína S1, já que foram isoladas de surtos de doença natural nas regiões de avicultura de Minas Gerais. A detecção de antígenos de alta variabilidade que caracterizam a amostra M41, apesar das pressões da imunidade dos plantéis e da mutabilidade, pode indicar que os antígenos de alta afinidade aos receptores celulares (best fit que atingiram alto estágio evolutivo podem estar sendo preservados.Aiming to the evaluation of antigenic relationships among isolates of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV through their reactivity against Massachusetts M41 S1 glycopolypeptide specific monoclonal antibodies (Mab an ELISA was developed. Fourteen IBV isolates obtained from field cases of disease, reported from 1972 to 1989 in Minas Gerais, Brazil, were examined. The IBV isolates could be grouped into related or not to M41, based on the reactivity to M41 S1 specific Mabs. The unrecognized field isolates conform a diversity of representatives, which may range from Massachusetts

  3. EL TRABAJO DE CAMPO EN ESTUDIOS SOBRE EDUCACIÓN: CUANDO LOS INVESTIGADORES ENFRENTAN LA REALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Patricia Aquino Zúñiga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es dar a conocer el significado de experiencias concretas de investigación tienen en la formación de estudiantes universitarios como investigadores. Los hallazgos que aquí se presentan se ubican dentro de un proyecto titulado: Evaluar para mejorar: Sistema de evaluación educativa para escuelas de bajo logro académico, el cual fue auspiciado por el Fondo Mixto de Fomento a la Investigación Científica y Tecnológica CONACYT ¿ Gobierno del Estado de Tabasco, en México. A lo largo de seis semanas, 30 asistentes de investigación, estudiantes de pregrado, agrupados en 10 grupos, visitaron 105 escuelas del estado de Tabasco, para aplicar cuestionarios a directores, profesores, padres de familia y estudiantes, así como exámenes para evaluar el desempeño académico de estos últimos. A través de entrevistas cualitativas enfocadas a los asistentes de investigación, se registraron sus experiencias en la realización del trabajo de campo. Los resultados indican que la experiencia favoreció aspectos formativos en investigación en los estudiantes y proporcionó a los investigadores responsables elementos para mejorar la planificación del trabajo de campo en proyectos futuros. Se concluye que involucrar a estudiantes de pregrado en trabajos de campo en proyectos de investigación resulta enriquecedor tanto para el estudiantado como para las personas responsables del proyecto.

  4. Consubstanciação da imagem da Embrapa no campo científico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uajará Pessoa Araújo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O campo científico da agropecuária é objeto do estudo que tem como objetivo investigar a construção da posição dominante ocupada pela Embrapa entre as entidades que se voltam para esse domínio do saber e trazer algumas inferências. Na consecução desses propósitos, optou-se por empregar métodos bibliométricos e sociométricos para uma leitura inscrita no paradigma positivista, considerando-o mais próximo aos cientistas que compõem o campo em evidência, convidando-os à reflexão e facilitando-a ao utilizar métodos de mesma natureza de suas pesquisas. As evidências coletadas parecem indicar que a projeção da Embrapa não restou explicada por mérito científico, o que implicou a necessidade de esquadrinhar explicações alternativas, quando se buscou em Bourdieu ferramental para a tarefa. Conclui-se que a Embrapa é central no campo estudado ao cuidar em projetar uma imagem, tão real quanto de fato, à medida que não é contestada além de reclamos não sistematizados e que dispensam dados objetivos - situação que por si mesma provoca outro questionamento, também encaminhado na pesquisa.

  5. LA INEQUIDAD EN EL CAMPO DE LA SALUD PUBLICA EN AMERICA LATINA: UNA CUESTION CRUCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Kliksberg

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available América Latina es considerada la región más desigual del planeta. Es el Continente donde, según múltiples fuentes, las polarizaciones son mayores en diversos campos, y el acceso a las oportunidades es marcadamente disímil para los diferentes sectores sociales. ¿Cómo impacta la inequidad latinoamericana el fundamental campo de la salud? ¿Qué problemas determina en esta área decisiva de la vida de las sociedades, y qué obstáculos y trabas pone al avance de los esfuerzos para mejorar la salud?.A pesar de su clara relevancia, este tema ha sido limitadamente puesto a foco. El objetivo de este trabajo es llamar la atención sobre el mismo, y contribuir a estimular este debate tan necesario. Para ello se subraya, en primer término, el papel central de la salud para el desarrollo, se reseñan las amplias brechas que existen, a pesar de ello, a nivel mundial entre países, y a su interior, se encaran ciertos difundidos mitos sobre cómo superar los problemas en salud, se exploran algunos de los principales impactos de la desigualdad de América Latina sobre aspectos básicos del campo de la salud y, finalmente, se sugieren algunas líneas de la gran tarea por realizar para enfrentar el peso de la inequidad sobre la salud pública.

  6. Enterotoxemia em caprinos no Rio Grande do Sul Caprine enterotoxaemia in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson M. Colodel

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available São descritos surtos de enterotoxemia em caprinos em cinco propriedades no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os animais afetados eram, normalmente, encontrados mortos ou apresentavam evolução aguda de 2 a 3 horas com acentuada depressão, cólicas abdominais e diarréia profusa com fibrina. Em duas propriedades relataram-se casos com a evolução de até 12 horas. Em treze animais necropsiados observaram-se aumento de líquidos nas cavidades abdominal, torácica e pericárdica, congestão e hiperemia da serosa e mucosa do intestino, conteúdo do cólon líquido com fibrina além de hemorragias de serosa e fibrina. Em um animal constatou-se microangiopatia cerebral caracterizada por acúmulo de material homogêneo e eosinofílico no espaço perivascular. No conteúdo intestinal, colônias com bastonetes morfológica e bioquimicamente sugestivos de Clostridium perfringens foram caracterizadas no estudo bacteriológico. A soroneutralização em camundongos com conteúdo intestinal dos animais afetados, revelou a presença da toxina épsilon. Estes achados evidenciam a enterotoxemia como doença de importância para criação de caprinos no Rio Grande do Sul.Five outbreaks of caprine enterotoxaemia in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were studied. The animals were found dead or had a clinical course that usually lasted 2-3 hours. From two farms a clinical manifestation period of 12 hours was reported. Clinical signs were characterized by depression, marked abdominal discomfort, profuse watery diarrhea with fibrin clots, and death. Thirteen necropsies were performed and hydropericardium, hydrothorax and hydroperitoneum were commonly found. The mucosa and serosa of the colon were congested, and its contents was watery with multiple fibrin clots. Serosal hemorrhages and fibrin clots in the gallbladder were also seen. Fibrinous colitis and thyphilitis were the most frequent histological changes. Cerebral microangiopathy was observed in one case, which was

  7. Cassini's Grand Finale: The Final Orbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilker, Linda; Edgington, Scott

    2016-04-01

    The Cassini-Huygens mission, a joint collaboration between NASA, ESA and the Italian Space Agency, is approaching its last year of operations after nearly 12 years in orbit around Saturn. Cassini will send back its final bits of unique data on September 15th, 2017 as it plunges into Saturn's atmosphere, vaporizing and satisfying planetary protection requirements. Before that time Cassini will continue its legacy of exploration and discovery with 12 close flybys of Titan in 2016 and 2017 that will return new science data as well as sculpt the inclinations and periods of the final orbits. Even though all of our close icy satellite flybys, including those of Enceladus, are now completed, numerous Voyager-class flybys (solstice approaches. In November 2016 Cassini will transition to a series of orbits with peripases just outside Saturn's F ring. These 20 orbits will include close flybys of some tiny ring moons and excellent views of the F ring and outer A ring. The 126th and final close flyby of Titan will propel Cassini across Saturn's main rings and into its final orbits. Cassini's Grand Finale, starting in April 2017, is comprised of 22 orbits at an inclination of 63 degrees. Cassini will repeatedly dive between the innermost rings and the upper atmosphere of the planet providing insights into fundamental questions unattainable during the rest of the mission. Cassini will be the first spacecraft to explore this region. These close orbits provide the highest resolution observations of both the rings and Saturn, and direct in situ sampling of the ring particles, composition, plasma, Saturn's exosphere and the innermost radiation belts. Saturn's gravitational field will be measured to unprecedented accuracy, providing information on the interior structure of the planet, winds in the outer layers of Saturn's atmosphere, and the mass distribution in the rings. Probing the magnetic field will give insight into the nature of the magnetic dynamo, telling us: why the

  8. Mineralog??a de alteraci??n en el pozo Pte-1, campo geotermal Tinguiririca, Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Droguett, B??rbara; Morata, Diego; Clavero, Jorge; Pineda, Germ??n; Morales-Ruano, Salvador; Carrillo-Ros??a, Javier

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta los avances en el estudio mediante petrograf??a ??ptica, DRX y SEM de la mineralog??a de alteraci??n presente en el pozo PTe-1, ubicado en el campo geot??rmico Tinguiririca (Chile central). Los 813,85m de rocas perforadas pertenecen al Complejo Volc??nico Tinguiririca (Pleistoceno-Holoceno) formado por lavas, tobas y brechas volc??nicas de composici??n andes??tica. Sobre la base de las asociaciones minerales se ha determinado dos zonas de alteraci??n principales. La de m...

  9. Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 14 de julio de 1955

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al pinar de Laguna de Duero (Valladolid), durante la mañana del 14 de julio de 1955, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Carricero común), Apus apus (Vencejo común), Ardea purpurea (Garza imperial), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Colorín y Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Calandrella brachydactyla (Terrera común), Carduelis chloris (Verderón común, llamado Chloris chloris por el autor), Cisticola juncidis (Buit...

  10. Salida de campo a Fuensaldaña (Valladolid) el 21 de mayo de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Fuensaldaña (Valladolid) el 21 de mayo de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Anthus campestris (Bisbita campestre), Athene noctua (Mochuelo europeo), Calandrella sp. (Terrera), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Colorín y Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Ciconia ciconia (Cigüeña blanca), Corvus corax (Cuervo), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Falco tinnunculus (Cernícalo vulgar), Galerida cristata (Cogujada común), Gyps fulvus ...

  11. Salida de campo a Wamba (Valladolid) el 1 y 2 de agosto de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Wamba, en la provincia de Valladolid, durante los días 1 y 2 de agosto de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre una Culebra viperina (Natrix maura, llamada Tropidonotus viperinus por el autor), ranas (especies no identificadas), los siguientes mamíferos: Apodemus sp. (Ratón), Arvicola sapidus (Rata de agua) y "Pytimis" (llamado así por el autor, siendo posiblemente el actual género Microtus), y las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus sp. (Carricero, probablemente A.scir...

  12. Salida de campo a Calamocha (Teruel) el 12 de julio de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Calamocha, en Teruel, el 12 de julio de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Apus sp. (Vencejo), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Colorín y Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Carduelis chloris (Verderón común, llamado Chloris chloris por el autor), Cettia cetti (Ruiseñor bastardo), Columba livia (Paloma bravía), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Cuculus canorus (Cuco común), Delichon urbica (Avión común, llamado Chelidon urbica po...

  13. Salida de campo a Cubillas de Santa Marta (Valladolid) el 28 de agosto de 1955

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Cubillas (Valladolid) el 28 de agosto de 1955, del autor con su hermano Carlos (o bien sólo este último), de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Asio otus (Búho chico), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Falco naumanni (Cernícalo primilla), Falco subbuteo (Alcotán), Gyps fulvus (Buitre leonado), Merops apiaster (Abejaruco europeo), Oriolus oriolus (Oropéndola) y Upupa epops (Abubilla, también llamada Bubillo por el autor).

  14. Salida de campo a Tudela de Duero (Valladolid) el 13 de abril de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Tudela de Duero (Valladolid), a orillas del río Duero, el 13 de abril de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre los siguientes anfibios: Bufo bufo (Sapo común, llamado B.vulgaris por el autor) y ranas, renacuajos y otros sapos (sin identificar las especies), los siguientes reptiles: culebras, lagartijas y lagartos (sin identificar las especies), los siguientes mamíferos: Ardilla (pudiendo ser Sciurus vulgaris o Atlantoxerus getulus), Arvicola sapidus (Rata de agua, ...

  15. Salida de campo a Santovenia de Pisuerga (Valladolid) el 19 de junio de 1951

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Santovenia de Pisuerga (Valladolid) durante la mañana del 19 de junio de 1951, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves (que el autor clasifica en sus escritos por hábitats): Acrocephalus sp. (Carricerín), Carduelis cannabina (Pardillo común, llamada Acanthis cannabina por el autor), Carduelis chloris (Verderón común), Charadrius dubius (Chorlitejo chico), Columba livia (Paloma bravía), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Fringilla coelebs (Pinzón vulga...

  16. Salida de campo al Sotillo (Valladolid) el 15 de mayo de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al Sotillo, en Valladolid capital, yendo desde la entrada a la Fábrica del Cabildo, durante la mañana del 15 de mayo de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre las siguientes aves: Acrocephalus scirpaceus (Carricero común), Alectoris sp. (Perdiz), Carduelis chloris (Verderón común, llamado Chloris chloris por el autor), Certhia sp. (Agateador, también conocido como Chapin), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Cyanistes caeruleus (Herrerillo común, llamado Parus coerule...

  17. Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero (Valladolid) el 19 de mayo de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Laguna de Duero, en Valladolid, el 19 de mayo de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre anidamiento, cría y alimentación de Ciconia ciconia (Cigüeña blanca). Se analizaron los contenidos estomacales de tres pollos, en los que aparecieron, entre insectos y otros elementos, los siguientes herpetos: Natrix maura (Culebra viperina, llamada Tropidonotus viperinus por el autor), Pelophylax esculentus (Rana verde europea, llamada Rana sculenta o R.esculenta ridibunda por e...

  18. Conceptos de condicionamiento clásico en los campos básicos y aplicados

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, Andrés M.; Julio Eduardo Cruz

    2003-01-01

    El condicionamiento clásico, lejos de tener una clara y única definición, se presenta en la literatura psicológica básica bajo múltiples conceptos basados en diferentes corrientes epistemológicas, tanto de la psicología como de las neurociencias. El objetivo principal de este artículo es presentar un análisis de la literatura acerca de condicionamiento clásico con el fin de discernir los conceptos, explícitos o implícitos, tanto en el campo básico como en el aplicado, el ...

  19. Estilo cognitivo de dependencia-independencia de campo y proceso lector

    OpenAIRE

    Kirchner, Teresa

    1987-01-01

    [spa] Este estudio trata de determinar si se dan relaciones de covariación entre la aptitud de reestructuración (una de las manifestaciones del constructo «Dependencia-Independencia de campo» (DIC) y el proceso lector.La DIC es uno de los Estilos Cognitivos surgidos a raíz de las investigaciones que sobre la percepción de la verticalidad realizaban Witkin y Asch a finales de los años 40, y que derivó finalmente en un modelo explicativo de las diferencias individuales, basado en el grado de di...

  20. LAS RELACIONES DE BIENESTAR SOCIAL Y LOS CAMPOS DE INTERVENCIÓN DEL TRABAJO SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Malagón Bello

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El Bienestar Social identifica al grupo de relaciones surgidas de los imperativos éticos de ayuda social y a las entidades, programas y acciones en que se traducen. Crea canales de redistribución del ingreso que complementa el salario, dando origen a una especie de paralelismo con respecto a las relaciones de mercado. La Asistencia Social, la Autogestión, la Política Social, la Seguridad Social y el Bienestar Social Laboral, constituyen los campos de intervención profesional y representan una de las expresiones más importantes y menos interpretadas del objeto disciplinar.