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Sample records for campinas sp brazil

  1. Perfil lipídico em escolares de Campinas, SP, Brasil Lipidic profile among schoolchildren, Brazil

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    Erly Catarina Moura

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil lipídico e a prevalência de hipercolesterolemia em escolares de 7 a 14 anos de idade do município de Campinas, SP, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Foram determinados os níveis de colesterol sérico, frações, razões e triglicerídeos, conforme idade e sexo numa amostra populacional de 1.600 escolares. Considerou-se hipercolesterolemia leve para 170 mg/dl ou = 200 mg/dl. RESULTADOS: Os escolares apresentaram média de 160 mg/dl de colesterol, 49 mg/dl de HDL-colesterol, 96 mg/dl de LDL-colesterol, 16 mg/dl de VLDL-colesterol, 79 mg/dl de triglicerídeos, 3,5 para a razão colesterol/HDL-colesterol e 2,1 para a razão LDL-colesterol/HDL-colesterol. De um modo geral, as meninas apresentaram valores maiores para o colesterol e triglicerídeos do que os meninos. A prevalência de hipercolesterolemia foi de 35,0%, dividida em 15,7% leve, 9,8% moderada e 9,5% grave. O sexo feminino apresentou maior prevalência de hipercolesterolemia do que o masculino. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados apontam para a emergência da hipercolesterolemia como problema de saúde pública no Brasil.OBJECTIVE: To describe the lipid profile and the prevalence of hypercholestrolemia among schoolchildren aged 7 to 14 years in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. METHODS: Plasma cholesterol levels, fractions, ratios and triglycerides were determined according to age and gender in a total of 1,600 schoolchildren. Hypercholestrolemia was considered borderline for 170 mg/dl or = 200 mg/dl. RESULTS: Schoolchildren presented a cholesterol mean of 160 mg/dl, HDL-cholesterol mean of 49 mg/dl, LDL-cholesterol mean of 96 mg/dl, VLDL-cholesterol mean of 16 mg/dl, triglycerides mean of 79 mg/dl, cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol mean of 3.5 and LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol mean of 2.1. In general, females had higher cholesterol and triglycerides values than males. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 35.0%: 15.6% was borderline high, 9.8% moderate and 9.5% severe. Females

  2. Perfil lipídico em escolares de Campinas, SP, Brasil Lipidic profile among schoolchildren, Brazil

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    Moura Erly Catarina de; Castro Clésio Mello de; Mellin Aparecida Silvia; Figueiredo Dalcélia Bueno de

    2000-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil lipídico e a prevalência de hipercolesterolemia em escolares de 7 a 14 anos de idade do município de Campinas, SP, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Foram determinados os níveis de colesterol sérico, frações, razões e triglicerídeos, conforme idade e sexo numa amostra populacional de 1.600 escolares. Considerou-se hipercolesterolemia leve para 170 mg/dl

  3. Soil quality in anthropized ecosystem located in two biomes in Campinas city / SP-Brazil

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    Márcia Longo, Regina; Corcovia, Marina; Gomes, Raissa Caroline; Bettine, Sueli C.; Demamboro, Antonio Carlos; Fengler, Felipe H.; Irio Ribeiro, Admilson

    2017-04-01

    The rapid growth of large urban centers and the expansion of agricultural activities promote direct pressures on natural ecosystems. These actions have led to constant discussions by researchers and society as a whole in relation to preservation and quality of terrestrial ecosystems, and soil and vegetation components of vital importance to maintain these. In this context, the present study was to evaluate the anthropogenic interferences on soil properties in areas in two forest fragments located in the remaining urban areas in different biomes of Campinas-SP , Brazil. Both have their edges significantly disturbed by the proximity to urban centers , highways, sugarcane cultivation, among others. The remnant of the Atlantic Forest has an area of 250.36 ha is found in a so called protected area of ecological interest (A.R.I.E). This site access is restricted and has conservation measures, but is near major highways. The remnant of savanna has an approximate area of 40 ha there and has no conservation measure, finding it quite degraded. The physical properties and chemical soil in the two situations were collected throughout the border area totaling 28 points in the remaining savanna and 40 in the Atlantic Forest. The results were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to determine the main soil properties that reflect the quality of the ecosystems studied. It can be seen that most of the physical-chemical soil parameters were impacted in some way related to each other and in two ecosystems that is, the size of the vectors and the distance between them are studied in corresponding situations. The bulk density parameter has different behavior between the two biomes, since the particle density is presented close to each other but have different vector sizes. Some of the parameters have been identified with strong relationship between biomes: the Exchange Capacity Cationic (ECC) and the amounts of copper (Cu) by its close proximity of the vectors and the

  4. Solos e vegetação nativa remanescente no Município de Campinas Soil and native vegetation remnant in Campinas, SP, Brazil

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    Ivan Carlos de Moraes Ferreira

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar atributos e classes de solos associados à ocorrência de remanescentes de cerrado e de floresta nativa em Campinas, SP, e identificar espécies indicadoras desses ambientes. Vinte e sete fragmentos de vegetação nativa foram estudados. Foi realizada a caracterização morfológica, classificação e coleta do solo para análises, bem como o levantamento florístico-fitossociológico do estrato arbóreo. A análise de correspondência canônica identificou as variáveis mais bem correlacionadas com a distribuição das espécies e identificou 15 variáveis que explicaram 31% da variância nos dois primeiros eixos. A classificação dos solos discriminou as fitofisionomias estudadas, Argissolos associados às matas e Latossolos aos cerrados, indício de que baixa fertilidade, baixa retenção de água e drenagem acentuada do solo favorecem o estabelecimento de cerrado. Parâmetro "n" da curva de retenção de água, densidade, H+Al, Ca, Al, K e Mg trocáveis, macroporos e matéria orgânica do solo foram os atributos dos solos mais efetivos nessa diferenciação fitofisionômica. A barreira química imposta pelo excesso de Al e deficiência de Ca no horizonte B e a baixa retenção de água nos solos sob cerrado favorecem as espécies Luehea grandiflora, Persea willdenovii, Xylopia aromatica e Erythroxylum daphnites, abundantes e exclusivamente encontradas nos fragmentos de cerrado.The objective of this work was to identify soil attributes and classes associated to the occurrence of forest and tropical savannah remnants in Campinas, SP, Brazil. Twenty seven native vegetation fragments were studied. Soil morphological, chemical, and physical characterization were carried out, along with floristic-phytosociological survey of the tree stratum. Canonic correspondence analysis identified variables better correlated with plant species distribution. Fifteen environment variables explained 31% of the variance of

  5. Influence of urbanization on the original vegetation cover in urban river basin: case study in Campinas/SP, Brazil

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    Leite Silva, Alessandra; Márcia Longo, Regina

    2017-04-01

    ABSTRACT: In most Brazilian municipalities, urban development was not based on adequate planning; one of the consequences was the reduction of the original vegetation, limiting the forest formations to scarce and isolated fragments. In Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, the vegetation fragmentation was mainly related to the expeditions and to the cycles of sugar cane and coffee. In this way, the present study aims to identify, quantify and evaluate the remaining arboreal vegetation spatial distribution in the Anhumas River Basin - Campinas/SP, Brazil. This study was developed with the aid of GIS software and field visits in order to construct a diagnosis of these areas and subsidize future actions required and to discuss the influence of urbanization on the original vegetation cover. The area was initially occupied by the Atlantic Forest (semi-deciduous forest) and drains one of the oldest urban occupation areas in the municipality; according to researchers, based on the water and geomorphological conditions of the basin, it can be subdivided into high, medium and low course. With a total area of 156,514 km2, only 16.74% are classified as green areas; where just 1.07% and 6.17% of total area represents forests and reforestation areas, respectively. The remaining green areas consists of: wetlands close to water bodies, but with no presence of trees and shrubs (area of 0.12% of the basin); urban green space, including parks and squares (2.19%); and natural field, constituted by natural non-arboreous vegetation (7.18%). In a scenario like this, a characteristic situation is the forest fragmentation; this process results in native vegetation remnants, isolated and more susceptible to external interference, coming from, for example, the proximity to agricultural areas or others land uses. The ecological knowledge of the remnants and their correct management can not only make it possible to diagnose current problems and to estimate future influences, but also to point out the

  6. Variation of the anthropic vulnerability in Ribeirão das Pedras watershed in Campinas/SP - Brazil.

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    Damame, Desirée; Longo, Regina; Ribeiro, Admilson; Fengler, Felipe

    2015-04-01

    The human actions has caused over the years profound changes in environmental quality in urban ecosystems suffering losses in the quality of air, soil , water and vegetation also the quality of life of the population that inhabit these areas . The study area is characterized by being a highly urbanized watershed, with about 43 % of its area covered by buildings, houses , and commercial and industrial establishments . Called the Ribeirão das Pedras Basin, located in Campinas / SP - Brazil and is bounded by coordinates 22˚47'10 '' and 22˚52'20 '' S , and 47˚ 07'15 '' and 46˚ 02 ' 15' ' . Has an average temperature of 22.4 ° C and average annual rainfall of 1424.5 mm . It has an area of about 42 km² . This is located two universities and a large mall. It also demands a strong agriculture , which occupies about 30 % of the area . It has also been part of two major forest reserves of the municipality, the Forest Santa Geneva and the Forest of Quilombo , both added to other small fragments overlying only about 6% of the total basin area . Avalição to environmental quality , the analysis of the vulnerability of urban watershed becomes an important environmental management tool. The vulnerability can be defined by susceptibility to changes of environment in its initial state , a current tax status by human intervention , and is almost always associated with risk , and the intensity at which such projects in one place, person or structure. In this context , this study aimed to assess environmental vulnerability in an urban watershed coming under increasing human pressures , especially in recent years . For this analysis were prepared soil graphics, slope , elevation and land use and land cover for the years 2009 and 2014 , generating with these , comparative anthropic vulnerability maps of the past five years. Crafting vulnerability maps is a sensitivity in order to enable appropriate management of biotic systems. With the results can be seen that the variation of

  7. Rationalization of the electric power consumption by recycling of residential solid wastes from the formal and informal collection at the Campinas city, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Racionalizacao do consumo de energia eletrica com a reciclagem dos residuos solidos domiciliares provenientes da coleta formal e informal no municipio de Campinas - SP

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    Streb, Cleci Schalemberger; Piunti, Regina Celia; Silva, Ennio Peres da; Barbosa, Sonia [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica. Programa de Planejamento de Sistemas Energeticos]. E-mail: streb@fem.unicamp.br

    2002-07-01

    This paper evaluates the potential of residues collection in Campinas, SP, Brazil, taking into account the data of informal collection. The paper also estimates the role played by paper, glass, plastic and aluminium recycling, in terms of electric power use avoiding or saving.

  8. Rare earth elements and uranium in groundwater under influence of distinct aquifers in Campinas, SP, Brazil; Elementos terras raras e uranio em aguas subterraneas sob influencia de aquiferos distintos em Campinas (SP)

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    Bulia, Isabella Longhi; Enzweiler, Jacinta, E-mail: isabellalonghi@ige.unicamp.br, E-mail: jacinta@ige.unicamp.br [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Instituto de Geociencias

    2015-07-01

    The composition of groundwaters results mainly from water-rock reactions within aquifers. Among the various constituents of water, the rare earth elements (REE) and uranium can serve as tracers of geochemical processes and hydrological flow paths. The main objective of this study was to associate the chemical composition of groundwaters extracted from three distinct aquifer systems (crystalline, diabase and sedimentary) with that of the respective hosts rocks. The area of the study is located at the campus of University of Campinas (Campinas, SP). Samples of groundwater collected from four tubular wells were used to determine physicochemical parameters, major ions and trace elements, including the REE. The results confirm that the water of two wells (IMECC and IB) is predominantly influenced by the crystalline and diabase aquifers, while the other two (GM and FEF) by the sedimentary aquifer. Both the individual and normalized REE values of the four wells are distinct from each other, pointing to the heterogeneity of the local geology. The uranium concentration in the water of one well (GM) exceeded the guideline value for this element in drinking water. The U probably results from the oxidative dissolution of U-bearing phases in the sedimentary aquifer. However, the hydrochemical modeling indicated Ca{sub 2}UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3} and CaUO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 2}{sup 2-} as the major U dissolved species, which are considered non-toxic and non-bioavailable according to literature data. (author)

  9. Eqüidade e atenção à saúde da gestante em Campinas (SP, Brasil Equity and access to health care for pregnant women in Campinas (SP, Brazil

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    Solange Duarte de Mattos Almeida

    2005-01-01

    intensidade e direção nas variáveis relativas às condições e à atenção à saúde. Os resultados sugerem que a organização dos serviços públicos de saúde em Campinas tem viabilizado em alguns aspectos a promoção da eqüidade na saúde.OBJECTIVE: To compare the health care received during pregnancy, delivery, and the puerperium by women belonging to two different per capita family income strata: less than 1 minimum wage, and 1 or more minimum wages. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional observational study that was carried out with a random sample of 248 female residents of the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brasil, who had given birth between April 2001 and March 2002. Socio-demographic data, as well as information concerning maternal morbidity and health care during pregnancy, delivery, and the puerperium, were obtained through home interviews. The Kessner index, the Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization index, and an index proposed by the authors based on the recommendations of the Brazilian Department of Health were used to assess the adequacy of prenatal care. The minimum wage in Brazil at the time of the study was 180 reais (approximately 71.4 US dollars. RESULTS: The lower income group included a larger proportion of women with low schooling, as well as adolescents, black women, and single women. Prenatal care was provided by the public Unified Health System to 73.7% of the women in the lower income group, versus 33.3% in the higher income group. The women in the lower income group started attending prenatal care later and had fewer visits in all than higher-income women. However, some health care quality indicators, such as performance of routine laboratory tests and anti-HIV antibody testing, the proportion of cesarean sections, and the frequency of infant rooming-in, showed more favorable figures in the lower income group. Both groups received comparable counseling and had similar rates of clinical testing, post-delivery tubal sterilization

  10. O papel do pediatra no PSF-Paidéia de Campinas (SP The pediatrician's role in the Paidéia-Family Health Program in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Paulo Vicente Bonilha Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil vem implantando o Programa de Saúde da Família, em sua atenção básica à saúde. A composição das equipes do programa tem sido questionada como insuficiente, sendo uma das críticas a ausência do pediatra. Este trabalho analisou parte da experiência do município de Campinas (SP, que implantou o programa com adaptações, entre as quais a existência de pediatra em suas 140 equipes. Utilizando metodologia qualitativa e entrevistas semi-estruturadas, foram entrevistados pediatras e médicos de família de dez equipes, indicadas pelos gestores como as de melhores resultados. O objetivo foi conhecer a visão dos mesmos sobre a atenção à saúde da criança por eles praticada, o papel de cada um e a existência do pediatra no programa. Há uma quase unanimidade de defesa da importância do pediatra na atenção básica por aumentar a resolubilidade da equipe. Porém, são apontadas críticas à sua atuação, muito focada no referencial biomédico e no consultório médico, havendo necessidade de maior envolvimento com o trabalho em equipe, os aspectos psicossociais, a família e o território. É essencial uma melhor capacitação do médico de família e do pediatra frente à complexidade da missão da atenção básica atual.Brazil is developing a Family Health Program in the Primary Health Care. The Family Health Program's team composition has been criticized as insufficient. One of the criticisms has been about the absence of the pediatrician. This study analyzed the experience of the city of Campinas, São Paulo State, which implemented this program with adaptations specifically with the presence of the pediatrician in its 140 teams. Using qualitative methodology and semi-structured interviews, pediatricians and ten family physicians teams were interviewed. The objective was to know their visions about their practice with children's primary health care, the role of each one and about the pediatrician's presence in the team

  11. Introdução alimentar e anemia em lactentes do município de Campinas (SP Feeding pattern and anemia in infants in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Regina Esteves Jordão

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência de anemia em crianças do município de Campinas, levando-se em consideração a introdução de alimentos complementares. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado com 354 crianças de seis a 12 meses de idade, sorteadas do Sistema de Informações de Nascidos Vivos da cidade de Campinas. Profissionais da área da saúde devidamente treinados realizaram entrevista domiciliar com as mães dos lactentes, as quais responderam a um questionário contendo dados sobre a introdução de alimentos e condições socioeconômicas. Ao final, coletou-se sangue capilar do lactente, para dosagem de hemoglobina com o Hemocue®. Foram consideradas anêmicas as crianças com concentrações de hemoglobina inferiores a 11g/dL. Os dados foram avaliados por análise de sobrevida para verificar a associação da introdução alimentar com a anemia. RESULTADOS: Dos lactentes estudados, 66,5% apresentaram níveis de hemoglobina OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of anemia associated with the introduction of complementary food in children less than two years old in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in 354 children between 6 and 12 months of age which were registered in the Live Births Information System from Campinas area. Health professionals interviewed the mothers, who answered a questionnaire about food introduction and socioeconomic status. Capillary blood was collected and the hemoglobin level was determined by Hemocue®. Anemia was diagnosed if hemoglobin level was below 11g/dL. Survival analysis was performed to determine the influence of complementary food introduction on anemia. RESULTS: 66.5% of the children had hemoglobin levels lower than 11g/dl. Anemia was associated to early introduction of the family diet (p=0.036, bread (p=0.012, yogurt (p=0.006, soft drinks (p=0.005, candies (p=0.005 and snacks (p=0.013. CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate complementary food introduction is

  12. RESEARCH OF ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODIES FROM RETROVIRUSES, CMV AND HBV AMONG PRISONERS OF THE PENITENTIARY COMPLEX OF THE REGION OF CAMPINAS, SP, BRAZIL

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    Neusa Maria OSTI

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Some viruses of the families Retroviridae, such as Human T Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV; Herpesviridae as the Cytomegalovirus (CMV and Hepadnaviridae such as the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV are liable to be co-transmitted with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV. Since prisoners are exposed to several and important risk factors involved in the transmission of HIV and the above mentioned viruses, male inmates from the penitentiary complex of Campinas, SP, Brazil, including HIV + and HIV - ones, were examined for the presence of HTLV-I and/or II antibodies; IgG and IgM anti-CMV antibodies, and the research of the superficial hepatitis B antigen (HBsAg. The presence of anti-HTLV-I and/or II was determined by the Western Blot (WB technique, whereas IgG and IgM anti-CMV and the search of HBsAg were carried out by the Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA-Abbott Lab.With regard to anti-HTLV-I and/or II, 58.3% (14/24-Number of positive reactions/number of sera examined were reactive among the anti-HIV positive sera. Conversely, only 12.5% (3/24 among the HIV- negative sera showed positive reactions to HTLV-I and/or II antibodies. When looking for IgG anti-CMV percentages of 97.7% (43/44 and 95% (38/40 were obtained for anti-HIV positive and negative sera, respectively. As to IgM anti-CMV antibodies 11.36% (5/44 and 2.5% (1/40 of reactive sera were found for anti-HIV positive and negative, respectively. The HBsAg was found in 12.8% (5/39 of the sera which were anti-HIV positive.Alguns vírus das famílias Retroviridae, tais como, o Vírus do Linfoma Humano de Células T ( HTLV; Herpesviridae, tais como o Vírus Citomegálico (CMV e da Hepatite B (HBV podem ser co-transmitidos com o Vírus da Imunodeficiência Adquirida (HIV. Uma vez que prisioneiros estão expostos a diversos fatores de risco envolvidos na transmissão do HIV e dos vírus acima mencionados, prisioneiros do sexo masculino do Complexo Penitenciário de Campinas, SP, Brasil, incluindo aqueles

  13. Exposição ocupacional e ocorrência de pneumoconioses na região de Campinas (SP Brasil, 1978-2003 Occupational exposure and occurrence of pneumoconioses in Campinas, Brazil, 1978-2003

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    Alessandro Vito Lido

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Desenvolver e consolidar uma ampla base de dados acerca da ocorrência das pneumoconioses numa região industrializada do Brasil, com especial referência às atividades mais freqüentemente relacionadas a essas doenças. MÉTODOS: Numa avaliação retrospectiva observacional, coletaram-se dados referentes à casuística ambulatorial das pneumoconioses no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, entre o período de 1978 e 2003. Incluíram-se os indivíduos com diagnóstico de pneumoconiose, com base no histórico ocupacional e no radiograma do tórax, segundo recomendações da Organização Internacional do Trabalho, de 1980 e 2000, com anormalidades compatíveis com comprometimento intersticial do parênquima pulmonar. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 1.147 casos de pneumoconiose (1.075 homens e 72 mulheres, sendo 1.061 casos (92,5% de silicose, 51 (4,45% de pneumoconiose por poeira mista, 15 (1,31% de asbestose, 13 (1,13% de pneumoconiose por rocha fosfática e 7 (0,61% de outras pneumoconioses (por carvão, grafite e metais duros. As alterações radiológicas com profusão 1/0, 1/1 e 1/2 e as pequenas opacidades regulares p, q e r foram as mais freqüentes, tendo sido identificados 192 casos (16,74% com grandes opacidades. Observou-se redução pronunciada da ocorrência dos casos a partir da década de 1990; adicionalmente, o tempo de exposição foi caracteristicamente mais breve do que o observado em série norte-americana. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados do presente estudo estabelecem uma ampla base de dados para a investigação da ocorrência de pneumoconioses numa região industrializada brasileira, tornando factível a realização de estudos de seguimento e a elaboração de políticas de saúde relacionadas aos agravos respiratórios ocupacionais.OBJECTIVE: To develop and consolidate a comprehensive database on the occurrence of pneumoconioses in an industrialized region of Brazil, with a special focus on the

  14. Autopercepção da saúde bucal em idosos e fatores associados em Campinas, SP, 2008-2009 Autopercepción de la salud bucal en ancianos y factores asociados en Campinas, Sureste de Brasil, 2008-2009 Self-perceived oral health and associated factors among the elderly in Campinas, Southeastern Brazil, 2008-2009

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    Débora Dias da Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a autopercepção de saúde bucal em idosos e analisar fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos associados. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 876 participantes em amostra representativa de idosos (65 anos ou mais de Campinas, SP, em 2008-2009. Os exames odontológicos seguiram critérios padronizados pela Organização Mundial da Saúde para levantamentos epidemiológicos de saúde bucal. A autopercepção da saúde bucal foi avaliada pelo índice Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI. Os indivíduos foram classificados segundo características sociodemográficas, odontológicas e prevalência de fragilidade biológica. O estudo de associações utilizou análise de regressão de Poisson; a análise considerou os pesos amostrais e a estrutura complexa da amostra por conglomerados. RESULTADOS: A média de idade dos indivíduos foi de 72,8 anos; 70,1% eram mulheres. A proporção de indivíduos com mais de 20 dentes presentes foi 17,2%; 38,2% usavam prótese dentária total em ambos os arcos; 8,5% necessitavam desse recurso em ao menos um arco dentário. Em média, o índice GOHAI foi elevado: 33,9 (máximo possível 36,0. Manter 20 dentes ou mais, usar prótese total nos dois arcos, não necessitar desse tratamento, não apresentar alterações de mucosa oral e não apresentar fragilidade biológica foram os fatores significantemente associados com melhor autopercepção de saúde bucal (p OBJETIVO: Describir la autopercepción de salud bucal en ancianos y analizar factores sociodemográficos y clínicos asociados. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal con 876 participantes en muestra representativa de ancianos (65 años o más de Campinas, Sureste de Brasil, en 2008-2009. Los exámenes odontológicos siguieron criterios estandarizados por la Organización Mundial de la Salud para levantamientos epidemiológicos de salud bucal. La autopercepción de la salud bucal fue evaluada por el índice Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index

  15. Perfil nutricional de crianças e suas mães em bolsões de pobreza do município de Campinas, SP - 1996 Nutritional profile of children and their mothers in poverty areas of Campinas, SP, Brazil - 1996

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    Semíramis Martins Álvares Domene

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available A desnutrição é ainda um problema de saúde pública no Brasil, apesar do declínio de sua prevalência mostrado em estudos nacionais. Contudo, dada a abrangência destes levantamentos, a situação em áreas de pobreza pode ser subestimada. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a desnutrição em áreas de pobreza do município de Campinas, SP, identificadas segundo os critérios de renda familiar, condições de construção da moradia e contigüidade, de acordo com o censo de 1991. A amostra foi composta de 125 crianças de 0 a 24 meses de idade e suas mães, com coleta de dados antropométricos (peso e altura e socioeconômicos. Os resultados mostraram uma prevalência de 7,2% de desnutrição infantil, muito semelhante à média de 7,4% observada para a mesma faixa etária em levantamento nacional feito em 1989. Em relação ao estado nutricional das mães, os resultados mostraram que 27,3% apresentaram Índice de Massa Corporal superior a 25kg/m². A fim de promover o declínio da prevalência de desnutrição, as ações de saúde devem considerar a importância do problema em grupos socioeconômicos especiais, como os de baixo poder aquisitivo, desenvolvendo um sistema de vigilância alimentar e nutricional capaz de atuar em regiões onde as ações tradicionais parecem ser menos eficientes.Malnutrition is one of the major public health problems in Brazil, although recent data show a progressive decrease in its prevalence. However, the validity of national surveys can underestimate the magnitude of malnutrition in poverty areas. The purpose of this study was to evaluate malnutrition in poverty areas of Campinas, SP, and efforts were made to locate those urban areas, considering families income, building conditions, and geographic contiguity according to 1991 census. During the study period, a total of 125 children aged 0 to 24 months and their mothers were interviewed, and anthropometric and socioeconomic data were collected. Results

  16. Comparação de estimativas para o auto-relato de condições crônicas entre inquérito domiciliar e telefônico - Campinas (SP, Brasil Comparison of estimates for the self-reported chronic conditions among household survey and telephone survey - Campinas (SP, Brazil

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    Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar as estimativas obtidas por diferentes modalidades de inquérito para condições crônicas auto-referidas em adultos residentes em Campinas (SP no ano de 2008. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados os dados do ISACamp, inquérito domiciliar realizado pela Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas com apoio da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde, e do VIGITEL - Campinas (SP, inquérito telefônico realizado pelo Ministério da Saúde para Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas na população adulta (18 anos ou mais. Estimativas do auto-relato de hipertensão arterial, diabetes, osteoporose, asma/bronquite/enfisema, foram avaliadas e comparadas por meio do teste t de Student para duas amostras independentes. RESULTADOS: Para as estimativas globais, maior prevalência de hipertensão arterial e osteoporose foram verificadas pelo inquérito telefônico. Diabetes e asma/bronquite/enfisema não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas significantes. Na análise segundo variáveis sócio-demográficas, maior prevalência de hipertensão foi obtida pelo VIGITEL para os homens, entre as pessoas de 18 a 59 anos e nos que referiram 9 ou mais anos de estudo. Maior prevalência de osteoporose entre adultos (18 a 59 anos foi verificada pelo VIGITEL. Em relação à asma/bronquite/enfisema nos idosos, maior prevalência foi observada pelo ISACamp. CONCLUSÃO: Exceto para hipertensão arterial, os dados obtidos do inquérito telefônico constituíram uma alternativa rápida para disponibilizar estimativas globais da prevalência das condições estudadas na população adulta residente em Campinas (SP.OBJECTIVE: To compare the estimates obtained by different methods of population-based surveys for self-reported chronic conditions among adults living in Campinas in the year 2008. METHODS: Data from ISACamp Survey, conducted by the Faculty of Medical Sciences from

  17. [Evaluation of the school-lunch program in Campinas, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salay, E; de Carvalho, J F

    1995-09-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the calorie and protein adequacies, to establishoffe operation model and the operational difficulties of the School-Lunch Program in Campinas, Brazil. Six schools randomly selected (1,237 children) were investigated. Calorie and protein consumption were estimated by weighed records. A model food project was developed in order to analyse the city food-service operation. The adequacy values were very low: 48.6 +/- 17.3% for energy and 52.7 +/- 17.2% for protein. The Tukey test indicated that schools did not differ regarding adequacies (alpha = 0.005). The results suggested that the efficiency and/or the impact of Campinas program may be limited by both, lack of resources and several operation failures such as: preparation of large amount of food which is not served to the children; the type of the food served; the ineffective administrative controls; the low supervision frequency, low school garden production and inefficient staff training; as well as the lack of food quality control, evaluations, community participation, nutritional education had integration with health programs.

  18. Avaliação das cultivares Mundo Novo, Bourbon Amarelo e Bourbon Vermelho de Coffea arabica L. em Campinas, SP Evaluation of the cultivars Mundo Novo, Bourbon Amarelo and Bourbon Vermelho of Coffea arabica L., in Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Luiz Carlos Fazuoli

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de ampliar a diversidade genética da cultivar Mundo Novo, progênies S1 de 92 novas plantas matrizes, selecionadas em 1952, no município de Urupês (SP, foram estudadas em experimento instalado no Centro Experimental do Instituto Agronômico, em Campinas, utilizando-se como testemunhas 12 progênies S2 de Mundo Novo, seis de Bourbon Amarelo e sete de Bourbon Vermelho. O experimento foi delineado em blocos ao acaso com 21 repetições, parcelas de uma única cova e uma planta por cova, tendo sido realizadas colheitas consecutivas durante 33 anos. Foram mensuradas também as seguintes variáveis: índice de avaliação visual, precocidade de maturação dos frutos, porcentagem de sementes dos tipos chato, moca e concha e tamanho das sementes mediante determinação da peneira média. Diferenças significativas foram verificadas na produção dentro e entre grupos de Mundo Novo S1, Mundo Novo S2, Bourbon Amarelo e Bourbon Vermelho, sendo a média de produção das progênies S1, 6% superior à do grupo Mundo Novo S2. Foram observadas nas progênies de Mundo Novo S1 e S2, respectivamente, produtividade 39% e 30% superior à do Bourbon Amarelo e 112% e 99%, respectivamente, à do Bourbon Vermelho. Entre as 30 progênies mais produtivas, 4 pertencem à geração S2 e as restantes à geração S1 de Mundo Novo, indicando a eficiência da primeira seleção realizada em 1943. De modo geral, verificaram-se nas melhores progênies da cultivar Mundo Novo maturação média, sendo CP447, a mais precoce e CP502, a mais tardia. Apenas a progênie CP474 conseguiu peneira média superior às demais. Com o presente trabalho, concluiu-se que as progênies da cultivar Mundo Novo têm ótima capacidade produtiva, boa longevidade e excelente rusticidade. As novas seleções evidenciaram ainda mais o valor dessa cultivar, sendo uma das mais produtivas que se conhece em C. arabica.Coffea arabica L. cv. Mundo Novo is the most outstanding coffee

  19. Surto de sarampo na regiao metropolitana de Campinas, SP

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    Eder Gatti Fernandes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil não apresenta circulação endêmica do vírus do sarampo desde o ano 2000. Entre maio e junho de 2011, a Região Metropolitana de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo, registrou três casos de sarampo. Foram descritos casos, as medidas de controle, a busca de possível fonte e de casos secundários. A caracterização genotípica do vírus identificou o genótipo D4, circulante no continente europeu. Não foram encontrados casos índice ou secundários. As medidas de controle efetuadas, aliadas à cobertura vacinal adequada da Região Metropolitana de Campinas contribuíram para que a transmissão da doença fosse interrompida.

  20. Thermal bioclimate in idealized urban street canyons in Campinas, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu-Harbich, Loyde V.; Labaki, Lucila C.; Matzarakis, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Among several urban design parameters, the height-to-width ratio (H/W) and orientation are important parameters strongly affecting thermal conditions in cities. This paper quantifies changes in thermal comfort due to typical urban canyon configurations in Campinas, Brazil, and presents urban guidelines concerning H/W ratios and green spaces to adapt urban climate change. The study focuses on thermal comfort issues of humans in urban areas and performs evaluation in terms of physiologically equivalent temperature (PET), based on long-term data. Meteorological data of air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and solar radiation over a 7-year period (2003-2010) were used. A 3D street canyon model was designed with RayMan Pro software to simulate the influence of urban configuration on urban thermal climate. The following configurations and setups were used. The model canyon was 500 m in length, with widths 9, 21, and 44 m. Its height varied in steps of 2.5 m, from 5 to 40 m. The canyon could be rotated in steps of 15°. The results show that urban design parameters such as width, height, and orientation modify thermal conditions within street canyons. A northeast-southwest orientation can reduce PET during daytime more than other scenarios. Forestry management and green areas are recommended to promote shade on pedestrian areas and on façades, and to improve bioclimate thermal stress, in particular for H/W ratio less than 0.5. The method and results can be applied by architects and urban planners interested in developing responsive guidelines for urban climate issues.

  1. Bartonella spp. bacteremia in blood donors from Campinas, Brazil.

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    Luiza Helena Urso Pitassi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bartonella species are blood-borne, re-emerging organisms, capable of causing prolonged infection with diverse disease manifestations, from asymptomatic bacteremia to chronic debilitating disease and death. This pathogen can survive for over a month in stored blood. However, its prevalence among blood donors is unknown, and screening of blood supplies for this pathogen is not routinely performed. We investigated Bartonella spp. prevalence in 500 blood donors from Campinas, Brazil, based on a cross-sectional design. Blood samples were inoculated into an enrichment liquid growth medium and sub-inoculated onto blood agar. Liquid culture samples and Gram-negative isolates were tested using a genus specific ITS PCR with amplicons sequenced for species identification. Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana antibodies were assayed by indirect immunofluorescence. B. henselae was isolated from six donors (1.2%. Sixteen donors (3.2% were Bartonella-PCR positive after culture in liquid or on solid media, with 15 donors infected with B. henselae and one donor infected with Bartonella clarridgeiae. Antibodies against B. henselae or B. quintana were found in 16% and 32% of 500 blood donors, respectively. Serology was not associated with infection, with only three of 16 Bartonella-infected subjects seropositive for B. henselae or B. quintana. Bartonella DNA was present in the bloodstream of approximately one out of 30 donors from a major blood bank in South America. Negative serology does not rule out Bartonella spp. infection in healthy subjects. Using a combination of liquid and solid cultures, PCR, and DNA sequencing, this study documents for the first time that Bartonella spp. bacteremia occurs in asymptomatic blood donors. Our findings support further evaluation of Bartonella spp. transmission which can occur through blood transfusions.

  2. Determinantes do desmame precoce no distrito noroeste de Campinas Early weaning determinants in a district of Campinas, Brazil

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    Cíntia Cristina de Almeida Volpini

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar as características do desmame precoce no distrito Noroeste da cidade de Campinas, SP. MÉTODOS: Durante a Campanha Nacional de Vacinação de 8 de junho de 2001, estudo transversal foi conduzido junto a 385 crianças menores de dois anos (10% do atendimento. O responsável pela criança foi questionado sobre características sociodemográficas e assistenciais, idade e motivo da introdução de outros alimentos e do desmame. Considerou-se desmame precoce a interrupção total da oferta de leite materno antes de seis meses de idade. A associação entre desmame e fatores causais e/ou de risco foi investigada por correlação bivariada. Para determinar se a associação persistia, regressão logística foi executada para identificação do(s melhor(es preditor(es do desmame. Para a identificação das causas alegadas de desmame precoce, utilizou-se o teste de diferença de proporções. RESULTADOS: O desmame precoce atingiu 63,6% das crianças. O tempo de estudo materno se mostrou associado ao desmame precoce, conforme teste "t" (p=0,04. Não houve diferença quanto à idade, estado marital e trabalho materno, número de pessoas na família, renda, tipo de assistência e sexo da criança. A regressão logística indicou a idade de introdução de leite não materno (pOBJECTIVE: To investigate determinants of early weaning in Northwest of Campinas, Sao Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: During the National Immunization Day on June 8th, 2001, a survey was conducted among 385 children less than 2 years old (10% of attendance. The responsible for the child was interviewed about social, demographic, and health assistance characteristics, age, and reasons for the introduction of other foods to the child and its weaning. The complete interruption of breast-feeding before the age of 6 months was considered as early weaning. The associations between weaning and cause and/or risk factors were investigated by bivariate correlation. To check

  3. Possible influences of pacific decadal oscillation in the ten day based radio between actual and potential evapotranspiration in the region of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil Possível influência da oscilação decadal do pacífico na razão decendial entre a evapotranspiração real e potencial na região de Campinas (SP, Brasil

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    Gabriel Constantino Blain

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Considering the importance of the ratio between the actual and potential evapotranspiration (AE/PE for agricultural purposes, the present study estimated the 10-day based AE/PE, aiming to evaluate possible influences of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO, on temporal variability series, in the region of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. The shapes of the beta probability density function of the AE/PE series for four periods (two in the cold PDO phase and two in the warm PDO phase do not show differences between the PDO phases. In this sense, the use of "average periods" to obtain a standard climatology for agrometeorological purposes (such as the climate normal of the 1961-1990 period, which encompasses sixteen years of the cold PDO phase and fourteen years of the warm PDO phase should not result in significant errors in the region of Campinas, SP. However, considering academic/scientific purposes, the analyses of the autocorrelation functions of the residual AE/PE series for the four periods show differences in the persistence between the two phases of the PDO.Tendo em vista a importância agrícola da razão entre a evapotranspiração real e potencial (ETR/ETP, estimou-se esta relação (em escala decendial, a fim de verificar possíveis influências da Oscilação Decadal do Pacífico (PDO sobre a variabilidade temporal desse parâmetro agrometeorológico na região de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Pelas formas da função de densidade de probabilidade Beta das séries de ETR/ETP para quatro períodos (dois na fase fria, e dois na fase quente não se observam diferenças significativas (influência entre as fases da PDO. Nesse aspecto, sob o ponto de vista agrometeorológico, o uso de um determinado "período médio" (tal como a normal climatológica de 1961-1990, que compreende dezesseis anos da fase fria e catorze da fase quente, para caracterização de séries temporais de ETR/ETP, não deve resultar em grandes erros. No

  4. TERRITORY, MUSIC AND DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION: THE SOUND CIRCUIT IN CAMPINAS-SP

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    Cristiano Nunes Alves

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This research examines the formation and the thickness of the circuits of radio FM and the music production in Campinas. The circuit FM in Campinas falls in the field of cultural industry since the decade of 1970, and has been expanding in the context of urbanization and metropolis growing in Brazil. Today this circuit incorporates a bigger system, coupled with the strategies of vertical use of the territory. We noticed that in contrast to the circuit FM, some residual musical component in places involves, among others, the alternative production and free radios. These circuits involved by a technically and territorial division of labor spurred by circuits upside of information, survive to the urban division and fragmentation. It is, therefore, a study of Campinas as a place that houses technical, informational and communicational densities. We analyzed geographical conditions of contemporary life in this city, inquiring about the communication component in the use of the territory.

  5. Taxa de infecção e sorotipos de Streptococcus agalactiae em amostras de recém-nascidos infectados na cidade de Campinas (SP, Brasil Infection rate and Streptococcus agalactiae serotypes in samples of infected neonates in the city of Campinas (São Paulo, Brazil

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    Kateli Fiolo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever os casos e o perfil microbiológico dos sorotipos de Streptococcus agalactiae provenientes de recém-nascidos em um Centro de Referência da Saúde da Mulher na cidade de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal clínico-laboratorial realizado de janeiro de 2007 a dezembro de 2011. As cepas suspeitas, isoladas em amostras de sangue e líquor, foram identificadas a partir da hemólise em ágar sangue, coloração de Gram, provas de catalase, teste de CAMP, hidrólise do hipurato ou por automação microbiológica Vitek 2 BioMerieux®. A seguir, estas cepas foram tipadas por PCR utilizando sucessivamente primers específicos para espécie e para nove sorotipos de S. agalactiae. RESULTADOS: Foram isoladas sete amostras de sangue, uma de líquor e uma de secreção ocular provenientes de nove recém-nascidos com infecções causadas pelo S. agalactiae, sendo sete casos de infecção de início precoce e duas de início tardio. Apenas um destes casos foi positivo para amostras pareadas mãe-filho. Para um total de 13.749 partos no período, os 7 casos correspondem a 0,5 caso de infecção precoce por Streptococcus do Grupo B a cada 1 mil nascidos vivos (ou 0,6 casos por 1 mil, incluindo os 2 de infecção tardia, tendo ocorrido 1, 3, 2, nenhum e 3 casos (um precoce e dois tardios, respectivamente, nos anos de 2007 a 2011. Foi possível realizar o PCR para sete amostras, sendo duas de cada um dos sorotipos Ia e V e o sorotipo III em três amostras, uma delas em um recém-nascido e outras duas em amostra pareada mãe-filho. CONCLUSÕES: Embora com casuística limitada, os sorotipos encontrados coincidem com os mais prevalentes na literatura mundial, mas diferem dos estudos brasileiros, exceto para o sorotipo Ia.PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiological cases and microbiological profile of Streptococcus agalactiae serotypes isolated from infected newborns of a Women's Health Reference Centre of Campinas, São Paulo

  6. Molecular genotyping and epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates obtained from inmates of correctional institutions of Campinas, Southeast Brazil

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    M.S. Moreira-Oliveira

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the possible transmission of tuberculosis among 39 inmates with positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis smears in four correctional institutions located in Campinas City, SP, Brazil over a 19-month period. Fifty-one M. tuberculosis isolates from these inmates were characterized according to the number of IS6110 insertion elements present in their genomic DNA. The number of insertion elements in M. tuberculosis isolates varied from two to twelve. The dendrogram of similarity resulted in the grouping the isolates in six main clusters. These results, associated to epidemiological data, suggested the transmission of tuberculosis among inmates of the same and different institutions inmates. Univariate analysis of epidemiological data (total delay for beginning of treatment, previous treatment, and HIV status and clustering occurrence showed that only "previous treatment" (OR = 7.65, p = 0.032 was associated with the possible transmission of tuberculosis in the studied prisons.

  7. Hepatitis B vaccination in adolescents living in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco; Maria Rita Donalisio; Filomena de Jesus Oliveira Gabriel; Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis is an important public health problem in Brazil and around the world.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vaccination coverage against hepatitis B in adolescents and to identify the associated factors and reasons for non-adherence.METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study with sampling by clusters and in two stages, carried out from records of 702 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years old, non-institutionalized, living in an urban area of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008...

  8. Hepatitis B vaccination in adolescents living in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco,Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo; Donalisio, Maria Rita; Gabriel, Filomena de Jesus Oliveira; Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis is an important public health problem in Brazil and around the world. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vaccination coverage against hepatitis B in adolescents and to identify the associated factors and reasons for non-adherence. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study with sampling by clusters and in two stages, carried out from records of 702 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years old, non-institutionalized, living in an urban area of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 20...

  9. Wild birds as pets in Campina Grande, Paraíba State, Brazil: An Ethnozoological Approach

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    MORGANA R. LICARIÃO

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Birds are one of the animals most widely used by humans and are highly valued as pets. The present work reports the use of wild birds as pets in the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba State (PB, Brazil. The owners' choice and perceptions of the species ecology was assessed as well. The methodology employed included unstructured and semi-structured interviews, guided tours and direct observations. A total of 26 bird species distributed among ten families and four orders were identified. The most frequently encountered order was Passeriformes (76.9%, with a predominance of the family Emberizidae (34.6%. The specimens kept as pets were principally obtained in public markets or between the breeders themselves. The popularity of birds as pets, compounded by the inefficiency of official controls over the commerce of wild animals has stimulated the illegal capture and breeding of wild birds in Campina Grande.

  10. Hepatitis B vaccination in adolescents living in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisco, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo; Donalisio, Maria Rita; Gabriel, Filomena de Jesus Oliveira; Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo

    2015-01-01

    Viral hepatitis is an important public health problem in Brazil and around the world. To evaluate vaccination coverage against hepatitis B in adolescents and to identify the associated factors and reasons for non-adherence. A cross-sectional population-based study with sampling by clusters and in two stages, carried out from records of 702 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years old, non-institutionalized, living in an urban area of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008/2009. The data were obtained from the Health Survey in the city of Campinas (ISACamp). The prevalence of vaccination (3 doses) was 72.2%. An independent and negative association with the vaccine was observed for the adolescents who were not born in the municipality. The orientation of a health care provider was positively and significantly associated with vaccination. The main reasons for non-adherence were the lack of orientation and not considering the vaccine necessary. Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors and conditions did not restrict the access to vaccination, but the coverage was below the target established by the Ministry of Health in Brazil. Health education programs, addressing the importance of vaccination to prevent the disease; strategies to actively reach out adolescents that did not complete the schedule; as well as orientation from the health care professional about the benefits of the vaccine to the adolescents, parents and guardians can extend the vaccination coverage.

  11. Hepatitis B vaccination in adolescents living in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Viral hepatitis is an important public health problem in Brazil and around the world.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vaccination coverage against hepatitis B in adolescents and to identify the associated factors and reasons for non-adherence.METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study with sampling by clusters and in two stages, carried out from records of 702 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years old, non-institutionalized, living in an urban area of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2008/2009. The data were obtained from the Health Survey in the city of Campinas (ISACamp.RESULTS: The prevalence of vaccination (3 doses was 72.2%. An independent and negative association with the vaccine was observed for the adolescents who were not born in the municipality. The orientation of a health care provider was positively and significantly associated with vaccination. The main reasons for non-adherence were the lack of orientation and not considering the vaccine necessary. Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors and conditions did not restrict the access to vaccination, but the coverage was below the target established by the Ministry of Health in Brazil.CONCLUSION: Health education programs, addressing the importance of vaccination to prevent the disease; strategies to actively reach out adolescents that did not complete the schedule; as well as orientation from the health care professional about the benefits of the vaccine to the adolescents, parents and guardians can extend the vaccination coverage.

  12. Prevalence of malocclusion in schoolchildren in the municipality of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Cassiano Arashiro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and types of malocclusion in schoolchildren in the municipality of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.Method: Six hundred and sixty schoolchildren at three schools in the municipality of Campinas were examined. The age bracket ranged from 6.5 up to18.1 years (mean ± s.d. = 12.2 ± 2.3 years The intraoral clinical exams were performed by four duly trained and calibrated dentists, consisted of visual inspection using only disposable wooden spatulas and millimetric probes, performed in rooms provided by the schools, with good conditions of visibility and natural lighting. The criteria adopted for classifying normal and malocclusion were those stipulated by Andrews1, Angle2 and Maia3. Results: The data obtained indicated that there was no statistically significant difference between the genders. Malocclusion was found in 87.4% of the schoolchildren examined, in agreement with the majority of Brazilian and International studies. Class I malocclusion was the most prevalent (39.7% among the schoolchildren examined, followed by Class II, with 36% of the cases, and there was higher prevalence of Class II division 1 (22.7% in comparison with Class II division 2 (13.3%. Class III malocclusion was present in 11.7% of the sample.Conclusion: There is high prevalence of malocclusion, irrespective of gender, in the studied population of schoolchildren. The most prevalent malocclusion was Class I, followed by Class I division 1.

  13. Perfil lipídico em escolares de Campinas, SP, Brasil

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    Moura Erly Catarina

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil lipídico e a prevalência de hipercolesterolemia em escolares de 7 a 14 anos de idade do município de Campinas, SP, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Foram determinados os níveis de colesterol sérico, frações, razões e triglicerídeos, conforme idade e sexo numa amostra populacional de 1.600 escolares. Considerou-se hipercolesterolemia leve para 170 mg/dl ou = 200 mg/dl. RESULTADOS: Os escolares apresentaram média de 160 mg/dl de colesterol, 49 mg/dl de HDL-colesterol, 96 mg/dl de LDL-colesterol, 16 mg/dl de VLDL-colesterol, 79 mg/dl de triglicerídeos, 3,5 para a razão colesterol/HDL-colesterol e 2,1 para a razão LDL-colesterol/HDL-colesterol. De um modo geral, as meninas apresentaram valores maiores para o colesterol e triglicerídeos do que os meninos. A prevalência de hipercolesterolemia foi de 35,0%, dividida em 15,7% leve, 9,8% moderada e 9,5% grave. O sexo feminino apresentou maior prevalência de hipercolesterolemia do que o masculino. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados apontam para a emergência da hipercolesterolemia como problema de saúde pública no Brasil.

  14. Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar in the city of Campina Grande, in northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Maria Teresa Nascimento; Santana, José Valfrido; Bragagnoli, Gérson; Marinho, Alexandre Magno da Nóbrega; Malagueño, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    There is a clear need to perform epidemiological studies to find the true prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica around the world. The evaluation of this prevalence has been hindered by the existence of two different species which are morphologically identical, but genetically different, namely E. histolytica, which causes amebiasis, and E. dispar, which is non-pathogenic. In Brazil, the E. dispar has been detected in communities in the Southeastern (SE) and Northeastern (NE) regions with poor sanitation. However, individuals infected with E. histolytica have been identified in other regions. There is an absence of reports on the prevalence of these parasites in the state of Paraíba, which also has areas with poor sanitary conditions where a high prevalence of the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex has been detected in children from urban slums. The present study evaluated the prevalence of E. histolytica and E. dispar in 1,195 asymptomatic children between two and 10 years of age, living in a sprawling urban slum in Campina Grande, in the state of Paraíba, in Northeastern Brazil. These children were examined and their feces samples were analyzed microscopically. A total of 553 children tested positive for the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex, and 456 of the positive samples were tested with the E. histolytica II® ELISA kit. All 456 samples were negative for the presence of the adhesin E. histolytica specific antigen. The evidence suggests that in this community E. histolytica is absent and E. dispar is the dominant species.

  15. O doente de hanseníase em Campinas: uma perspectiva antropológica People with leprosy in Campinas, Brazil: an anthropological perspective

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    Marcos S. Queiroz

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo estuda a experiência de vida de doentes e comunicantes de hanseníase em Campinas, Brasil, a partir da análise de suas representações sobre saúde, doença e terapêutica. Trata-se de captar no interior das condições de vida e de trabalho destes indivíduos as estratégias que permitam adaptação ao meio social e familiar, subsistência e convivência com a doença. Atenção especial é dada à maneira pela qual estes indivíduos enfrentam o problema de manutenção e recuperação da saúde, assim como avaliam os serviços e as práticas oficiais e não-oficiais de saúde.This article studies the life experiences of people with leprosy and their intra-domiciliary families in Campinas, Brazil, based on an analysis of their representations concerning health, disease, and treatment. Taking their living and working conditions as the background, the study sheds light on the strategies that allow them to adapt to social and family life, to obtain a livelihood, and to establish familiarity with the disease process. The article focuses particularly on the way such individuals deal with the problems of regaining their health, in addition to evaluating governmental and nongovernmental health services.

  16. Hygienic-sanitary conditions of vegetables and irrigation water from kitchen gardens in the municipality of Campinas, SP

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    Simões Marise

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available We examined samples of irrigation water and vegetables from kitchen gardens in Campinas, Brazil. The bacterial analysis condemned 22.3% of the vegetable samples, and the parasitological examination condemned 14.5%. The criteria established by the Brazilian legislation condemned 11.8% of the irrigation water samples. Parasites were significantly more frequent in vegetables in the rainy season, while excessive fecal coliforms were more frequent in the dry season. A proper monitoring of the irrigation water supply is important to avoid the contamination of vegetables.

  17. [Adolescent health: a population-based study in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braz, Marici; Barros Filho, Antonio A; Barros, Marilisa B A

    2013-09-01

    We estimated the prevalence of chronic diseases and other health problems reported by adolescents in relation to social and demographic variables and nutritional status. This cross-sectional population-based survey analyzed data from the Health Survey in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, 2008. We used descriptive statistics and associations between variables with the chisquare test. Prevalence of chronic diseases among adolescents was 19.17%, with asthma showing the highest prevalence (7.59%), followed by heart disease (1.96%), hypertension (1.07%), and diabetes 0.21%. Prevalence rates were 61.53% for health problems, 40.39% for allergy, and 24.83% for frequent headache or migraine. After multivariate analysis using Poisson regression, the factors associated with chronic disease were age 15 to 19 years (PR = 1.38), not attending school (PR = 1.46), having children (PR = 1.84), and obesity (PR = 1.54). Female gender (PR = 1.12) was statistically associated with health problems. The study illustrates that adolescence is a life stage in which chronic disease and health problems can occur.

  18. Factors associated with overweight among elementary schoolchildren in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Juliana Melo Teruel Biagi CAMARGO

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective To assess overweight/obesity of elementary schoolchildren in Campinas , São Paulo , Brazil, and its association with parental nutritional status, children's food consumption, food preferences, and level of physical activity, and familial socioeconomic status. Methods This case-control study included 509 schoolchildren aged 7 to 10 years. Body mass index Z-score was used to determine nutritional status, defining cases (>+1 Z-score and controls (³-2 ?+1 Z-score. To address association with overweight/obesity, a conceptual model was established and used for multiple analysis, performed by logistic regression. Results The children had an overweight/obesity frequency of 39.5%. Multiple analysis adjusted for socioeconomic level showed that overweight/obese children were more likely to eat at the mall (1.55; 95%CI=1.00-2.40, have overweight and obese parents (OR=1.71; 95%CI=1.08-2.71 and OR=3.55; 95%CI=2.18-5.80 respectively, report use of passive school transport (OR=1.57; 95%CI=1.04-2.36, and consume chicken nuggets on 3 or more days per week (OR=3.03; 95%CI=1.32-6.95. Conclusion These results support the urgent need of strategies to reduce overweight/obesity and promote its prevention in schoolchildren. Moreover, intervention studies involving parents and addressing environmental factors are important for the development of effective programs.

  19. PREVALENCE OF Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar IN THE CITY OF CAMPINA GRANDE, IN NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

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    Maria Teresa Nascimento Silva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a clear need to perform epidemiological studies to find the true prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica around the world. The evaluation of this prevalence has been hindered by the existence of two different species which are morphologically identical, but genetically different, namely E. histolytica, which causes amebiasis, and E. dispar, which is non-pathogenic. In Brazil, the E. dispar has been detected in communities in the Southeastern (SE and Northeastern (NE regions with poor sanitation. However, individuals infected with E. histolytica have been identified in other regions. There is an absence of reports on the prevalence of these parasites in the state of Paraíba, which also has areas with poor sanitary conditions where a high prevalence of the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex has been detected in children from urban slums. The present study evaluated the prevalence of E. histolytica and E. dispar in 1,195 asymptomatic children between two and 10 years of age, living in a sprawling urban slum in Campina Grande, in the state of Paraíba, in Northeastern Brazil. These children were examined and their feces samples were analyzed microscopically. A total of 553 children tested positive for the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex, and 456 of the positive samples were tested with the E. histolytica II® ELISA kit. All 456 samples were negative for the presence of the adhesin E. histolytica specific antigen. The evidence suggests that in this community E. histolytica is absent and E. dispar is the dominant species.

  20. Cuidado ao idoso em Campinas-SP: estudo qualitativo com gestores e representantes políticos Atención a los ancianos en Campinas-SP: estudio cualitativo envolviendo administradores y políticos Care to the elderly in Campinas-SP: qualitative study of managers and politicians

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    Déborah Cristina de Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo busca identificar, descrever e analisar as práticas pertinentes à saúde do idoso na cidade de Campinas-SP, na perspectiva de representantes da saúde do idoso, tendo como base a Política Nacional de Saúde à Pessoa Idosa. Estudo qualitativo, com análise temática de conteúdo, na perspectiva de sujeitos que assumem funções estratégicas na condução da política direcionada ao idoso no município. A partir dos depoimentos dos sujeitos emergiram cinco temas centrais: tempos e lugares; condições de acesso; demandas da população; recursos humanos; promoção à saúde e prevenção de doenças e agravos; gestão. As práticas voltadas à saúde do idoso em Campinas estão em desenvolvimento e precisam ser avaliadas, ampliadas e sistematizadas, tanto nas questões estruturais de recursos humanos, financiamento e gestão, quanto na atenção direta ao idoso.El estudio busca identificar, describir y analizar las prácticas llevadas a cabo en la salud de las personas mayores en la ciudad de Campinas-SP, en la perspectiva de representantes de la salud de los ancianos, basado en el Política Nacional. Estudio cualitativo con análisis de contenido temático, desde la perspectiva de las personas que asumen roles estratégicos en la conducción de la política dirigida a las personas mayores en el condado. A partir de sus declaraciones, fueran identificados cinco temas centrales: tiempo lugares; condiciones de acceso; demandas de la población; recursos humanos; promoción de la salud y prevención de enfermedades y trastornos; gestión. Las practicas de salud para los ancianos en Campinas-SP se encuentran en desarrollo, necesitan ser evaluadas, ampliadas y sistematizadas, tanto en los aspectos estructurales de los recursos humanos, finanzas y administración, así como en la asistencia directa a las personas mayores.The study aimed to identify, describe and analyze the practices carried out in the health of the elderly in the city of

  1. Helicopter emergency medical rescue for the traumatized: experience in the metropolitan region of Campinas, Brazil.

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    Cardoso, Ricardo Galesso; Francischini, Carina Fontana; Ribera, Jorge Michel; Vanzetto, Ricardo; Fraga, Gustavo Pereira

    2014-01-01

    To analyze the profile of patients served by the air medical rescue system in the Metropolitan Region of Campinas, evaluating: triage and mobilization criteria; response time; on-site care and transport time; invasive procedures performed in the Pre-Hospital Care (PHC); severity of patients; morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective, descriptive study in which we analyzed medical records of patients rescued between July 2010 and December 2012. During this period, 242 victims were taken to the HC-Unicamp. Of the 242 patients, 22 were excluded from the study. of the 220 cases evaluated, 173 (78.6%) were male, with a mean age of 32 years. Blunt trauma was the most prevalent (207 cases - 94.1%), motorcycle accidents being the most common mechanisms of injury (66 cases - 30%), followed by motor vehicle collisions (51 cases - 23.2%). The average response time was 10 ± 4 minutes and the averaged total pre-hospital time was 42 ± 11 minutes. The mean values of the trauma indices were: RTS = 6.2 ± 2.2; ISS = 19.2 ± 12.6; and TRISS = 0.78 ± 0.3. Tracheal intubation in the pre-hospital environment was performed in 77 cases (35%); 43 patients (19.5%) had RTS of 7.84 and ISSd"9, being classified as over-triaged. Of all patients admitted, the mortality was 15.9% (35 cases). studies of air medical rescue in Brazil are required due to the investments made in the pre-hospital care in a country without an organized trauma system. The high rate of over-triage found highlights the need to improve the triage and mobilization criteria.

  2. Tuberculose no sistema prisional de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Tuberculosis among city jail inmates in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Helenice Bosco de Oliveira

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a situação da tuberculose nas prisões da Cidade de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo dos casos notificados de tuberculose em presidiários no período de 1993 a 2000. Foram avaliados dados de 4 293 detentos dos quatro presídios que constituem o complexo penitenciário da região. Foram utilizadas informações do banco de dados em tuberculose do Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP. RESULTADOS: Observou-se um pico de incidência da tuberculose em 1994 (1 397,62 notificações em 100 000 indivíduos. A menor taxa foi observada em 1999 (559,04. Predominou a faixa etária de 25 a 34 anos (62,6% e a AIDS como doença associada (49,9%. A forma preponderante de tuberculose foi a pulmonar (91,9%, com baciloscopia de escarro positiva em 70,3%. A maioria dos presidiários não tinha realizado tratamentos prévios (75,4%. O abandono de tratamento chegou a 49%. Houve cura em apenas 20,8% dos casos no período estudado. CONCLUSÕES: A incidência intermediária de tuberculose observada neste estudo pode estar relacionada à subnotificação. A freqüência de falência do tratamento ainda é baixa. No entanto, o abandono, como fator que facilita a propagação de micobactérias resistentes na comunidade, causa preocupação. O controle da tuberculose nas prisões deveria ser parte rotineira das intervenções direcionadas a eliminar a doença na comunidade e a prevenir a resistência às drogas antituberculose.OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of tuberculosis among inmates of the municipal prison system in the city of Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1993 through 2000. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out of the number of cases of tuberculosis that were notified among inmates over the study period. This involved reviewing data from a total of 4 293 inmates who were held

  3. A urbanização da leishmaniose tegumentar americana no município de Campinas - São Paulo (SP e região: magnitude do problema e desafios Urbanization of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Campinas - Sao Paulo (SP and region: problems and challenges

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    Lúcia Mensato Rebello da Silva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS - A leishmaniose tegumentar americana ocupa o segundo lugar entre as protozoonoses por vetores no Brasil. OBJETIVOS - Descrever a distribuição da doença na macrorregião de Campinas-SP e identificar as principais dificuldades em sua prevenção. MÉTODOS - A área estudada abrange 42 municípios. Os dados foram coletados no Sistema Nacional de Agravos e de Notificação do Grupo de Vigilância Epidemiológica, de 1998 a 2004, da Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, do Centro de Zoonoses e foi feita revisão da literatura. RESULTADOS - Foram registrados 458 casos, de caráter endêmico e com maior ocorrência em Campinas e Jundiaí. A doença predominava na área urbana (57%, no sexo masculino (62% e acometia todas as faixas etárias. As espécies vetoras encontradas foram Lutzomyia intermedia sl, L. neivai, L. migonei, L. whitmani, L. fisheri, e L. pessoai. CONCLUSÕES - A leishmaniose tegumentar está distribuída amplamente na região (81% dos municípios estudados e predominava na área urbana (57%. As dificuldades encontradas em seu controle foram a crescente adaptação do vetor ao peridomicílio, a multiplicidade dos fatores envolvidos na transmissão e a resposta insuficiente às medidas de controle atuais. O acompanhamento do ambiente e da doença, o diagnóstico e o tratamento precoces, a notificação compulsória e o seguimento dos casos, além de investimento em pesquisas, campanhas e ações diretas junto aos pacientes são importantes para o controle da doença.BACKGROUND - American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL is ranked second among vector-transmitted zoonoses in Brazil. OBJECTIVES - This paper aims at verifying the distribution of this disease in Campinas-SP and surrounding region and to identify the main difficulties for preventive actions to this illness. METHODS - The Campinas area encloses 42 counties. Data from 1998 to 2004 were collected from the National System of Injuries and Notification in Campinas

  4. A PUC-Campinas: as mudanças institucionais narradas por seus docentes mais velhos - PUC-University of campinas (Brazil: the institutional changes narrated by its oldest teachers

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    Rogério Canciam, Vera Lúcia de Carvalho Machado

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O estudo realizado insere-se na área da Educação e articula à linha de pesquisa Universidade, Docência e Formação de Professores. A pesquisa realizada teve como objetivo recuperar, com base nos relatos de professores mais velhos em atividades docente na PUC-Campinas, informações que pudessem contribuir para a história dessa instituição educacional em tempos mais remotos. Com esse intuito, foram adotados procedimentos metodológicos derivados da história oral, sendo efetuadas entrevistas com cinco docentes mais antigos. Palavras-chave: educação superior, PUC-Campinas, universidade.   PUC-UNIVERSITY OF CAMPINAS (BRAZIL: THE INSTITUTIONAL CHANGES NARRATED BY ITS OLDEST TEACHERS Abstract The carried through study is inserted in the Education area and is joined the University research line, Education and Teachers Formation The carried through research had as objective to recoup on the basis of the older teachers stories in teaching activities at PUC-Campinas, information that could contribute for the history of this educational institution in more remote times. With this intention methodological procedures derived of Verbal History had been adopted and five older professors have been interviewed. Keywords: further education; PUC-Campinas-Brazil; university.   PUC-CAMPINAS: LOS CAMBIOS INSTITUCIONALES NARRADOS POR SUS DOCENTES MÁS ANTIGUOS Resumen El estudio realizado se inserte en el área de la Educación y articula a la línea de investigación Universidad, Docencia y Formación de Profesores. La investigación realizada tuvo como objetivo recuperar, con base en los relatos de profesores más antiguos en actividades docentes en la PUC-Campinas, informaciones que pudieran contribuir para la historia de esa institución educacional en tiempos más remotos. Con ese intuito, fueron adoptados procedimientos metodológicos derivados de la Historia Oral, siendo realizadas encuestas con cinco docentes más antiguos. Palabras

  5. Cuidado ao idoso em Campinas-SP: estudo qualitativo com gestores e representantes políticos

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    Déborah Cristina de Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo busca identificar, descrever e analisar as práticas pertinentes à saúde do idoso na cidade de Campinas-SP, na perspectiva de representantes da saúde do idoso, tendo como base a Política Nacional de Saúde à Pessoa Idosa. Estudo qualitativo, com análise temática de conteúdo, na perspectiva de sujeitos que assumem funções estratégicas na condução da política direcionada ao idoso no município. A partir dos depoimentos dos sujeitos emergiram cinco temas centrais: tempos e lugares; condições de acesso; demandas da população; recursos humanos; promoção à saúde e prevenção de doenças e agravos; gestão. As práticas voltadas à saúde do idoso em Campinas estão em desenvolvimento e precisam ser avaliadas, ampliadas e sistematizadas, tanto nas questões estruturais de recursos humanos, financiamento e gestão, quanto na atenção direta ao idoso.

  6. A TRAJETÓRIA DO PSICODRAMA PEDAGÓGICO EM CAMPINAS-SP

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    Roseli Coutinho dos Santos Nunes; Valério José Arantes

    2013-01-01

    O presente artigo analisa o processo de implantação e desenvolvimento do Psicodrama Pedagógico na cidade de Campinas, interior de São Paulo. Nesse intuito, a pesquisa foi realizada por meio de levantamento de fontes primárias: relatos orais de psicodramatistas dirigentes de associações ao longo de sua implantação e de publicações das entidades e livros sobre a história do Psicodrama no Brasil. Ao utilizar a teoria psicodramática de Jacob Levy Moreno, o texto apresenta as possibilidades do psi...

  7. Community-University Research Partnerships for Workers' and Environmental Health in Campinas Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Maria Ines; Siqueira, Carlos Eduardo; Filho, Heleno Rodrigues Correa

    2011-01-01

    Three partnerships between the University of Campinas, community, and public health care services are discussed in this article. A theoretical framework underpins the critical reviews of their accomplishments following criteria proposed by scholars of community-university partnerships and community-based participatory research. The article…

  8. Atendimentos de emergência a vítimas de violências e acidentes: diferenças no perfil epidemiológico entre o setor público e o privado. VIVA - Campinas/SP, 2009 Emergency care for victims of violence and accidents: differences in the epidemiological profile between the public and private health services. VIVA - Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, 2009

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    Ana Paula Belon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as diferenças no perfil dos atendimentos de emergência por causas externas, entre as unidades de saúde públicas/conveniadas ao SUS e as privadas. Com dados do VIVA-Campinas 2009, foi verificada a associação entre natureza do serviço de saúde e características das vítimas, evento e atendimento usando teste qui-quadrado. A partir da regressão de Poisson, foram estimadas as razões entre a proporção de atendimentos da rede pública e da privada. O setor público respondeu por 67,8% dos atendimentos na amostra de 1094 vítimas. Acidentes de transportes, acidentes com animais e agressões foram 2 vezes mais frequentes nas unidades públicas; já choques contra objeto e entorses foram 75% e 2,7 vezes superiores nas privadas. Traumatismos crânio-encefálicos/politraumatismos e cortes/lacerações foram 3,8 vezes e 61% mais frequentes no setor público, enquanto ocorrências sem lesão física, com luxações/entorses ou fraturas predominaram no privado. Vítimas com lesões na cabeça e em múltiplos órgãos, ocorrências em vias públicas, eventos relacionados ao trabalho, uso de transportes coletivos e SAMU/resgate/ambulâncias prevaleceram na rede pública. O estudo, ao apontar significativas diferenças entre os eventos atendidos na rede pública e privada, pode contribuir na organização da assistência à saúde.The scope of this study is to analyze the differences in the profile of emergency care for external causes between public and private emergency departments. With data come from VIVA-Campinas 2009, the association between the nature of healthcare and the characteristics of the victims was verified using the chi-square test. Using Poisson regression, proportion ratios of care in the public and private network were estimated. In the sample of 1094 victims, 67.8% were treated by public health. Traffic accidents, animal-related accidents, and assaults were 2 times higher in public units

  9. Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry and U/Pb geochronological data of the Campina Grande complex, Paraiba State, NE Brazil

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    Almeida, C.N. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Pos-Graduacao em Geociencias; Guimaraes, I.P.; Silva Filho, A.F. da [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia; Beurlen, H. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Minas

    1997-12-31

    The Campina Grande Complex (CCG) constitutes a 250 Km{sup 2} intrusion within the high grade gneiss-migmatitic terrain, in the contact zone between the Mesoproterozoic Pajeu-Paraiba Fold Belt and the Archean Caldas Brandao Massif of the Borborema Province, NE Brazil. The contact of the complex is made by the Guarabira Shear Zone (west) and the Campina Grande Shear Zone in the south. The CCG is composed of coarse grained porphyritic quartz-monzonites, quartz-monzodiorites and medium grained porphyritic granodiorites. Mafic enclaves are common and show composition ranging from diorites to quartz diorites. Field and petrographic features point out to magma mixing and mingling processes involved in the CCG evolution. Basalts of probably Cretaceous age occur as dykes cutting in the CCG. This work presents and discusses the Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry of the CCG and a gabro which occur very close to the south contact of the CCG. This also presents the U/Pb in zircon geochronological data for the CCG. (author) 4 refs., 2 figs.

  10. Spatial distribution of scorpions according to the socioeconomic conditions in Campina Grande,State of Paraíba, Brazil

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    Thassiany Sarmento Oliveira de Almeida

    Full Text Available Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Due to its frequency and morbidity, such as that caused by scorpions have achieved public health importance in certain regions of the world. The present exploratory ecological study aimed to characterize the epidemiological profile and spatial distribution of scorpion stings in Campina Grande, State of Paraíba in Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Geographical information system techniques were used to record the scorpion stings, and Google Earth software, Track Maker, and ArcGIS 10 Esri were used as geocoding databases. The Moran test was used to evaluate spatial correlation, and the Pearson chi-square test was used to analyze associations between scorpion stings and socioeconomic variables. RESULTS: The study evaluated 1,466 scorpion stings. Envenomations were more frequent among women (n = 908, 61.9%, and most patients were aged 13-28 years (n = 428, 29.2%. The Southern region of the city had the largest number of registered cases (n = 548, 37.4%, followed by the Western region (n = 510, 34.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Spatial analysis of scorpionism revealed an irregular occurrence in Campina Grande. Further, no association was observed between the socioeconomic factors analyzed and the geographic location of the scorpion envenomations. Detection of spatial areas with an increased risk of scorpionism can help prioritize adoption of preventive measures in these regions to reduce the associated incidence and morbidity.

  11. Equity of access to Pap smears: population-based study in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Vivian Mae Schmidt Lima Amorim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the Papanicolaou exam among women aged 20 to 59 years in the city of Campinas (state of São Paulo, Brazil and to analyze associations between this test and affiliation to private health insurance plans as well as socioeconomic/demographic variables and health-related behavior. METHOD: To do so, a population-based, cross-sectional study was carried out. Statistical analyses took the study design into account. RESULTS: Despite the significant socioeconomic differences between women with and without private health plans, no differences between these groups were found regarding having been submitted to the Papanicolaou test. In fact no differences were found as to socioeconomic and health variables analyzed. Among all variables analyzed, only marital status was significantly associated with having undergone the test. The Brazilian public health system accounted for 55.7% of the exams. CONCLUSION: The present findings indicate social equity in the city of Campinas regarding the preventive exam for cervical cancer in the age group studied.

  12. Assessment of natural and artificial radiation dose in the city urban area of Goiania, Goias, Brazil: results of Campinas - Centro and Sul regions

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    Silva, Nivaldo C.; Dias, Danila C.S.; Guerrero, Eder T.Z.; Alberti, Heber L.C., E-mail: ncsilva@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: edertzg@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: heber@cnen.gov.br [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (LAPOC/CNEN), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Laboratorio de Pocos de Caldas; Santos, Eliane E.; Pimenta, Lucinei R.; Costa, Heliana F., E-mail: esantos@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: lucinei@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: heliana@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Centro-Oeste (CRCN-CO/CNEN-GO), Abadia de Goias, GO (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    An assessment of external gamma dose was carried out in some urban areas in the city of Goiania - GO - Brazil, allowing to infer the contribution of this component to the average annual effective dose value for the population leaving in that region. The measurements were done using a vehicle with a mobile radioactivity measurement system, Thermo-Eberline FHT 1376, consisting of plastic scintillation detector and a Global Position System (GPS), which is able to collect gamma dose rate as well as the local spatial coordinates. These data, associated with those from national census, provided by Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistic, were analyzed using the ArcGIS software, a well known Geographical Information System - GIS. As the main result, radiometric maps were produced, illustrating how effective dose values are distributed within the selected areas and also correlating the collective dose values for these populations. Around 57,000 geo referenced effective dose values were measured in the so-called Campinas-Centro and Sul Regions, which are two of the seven regions Goiania is divided in for administrative purposes. The dose rates ranging from 10.4 to 192.7 nSv/h with an average of 22.4 nSv/h, which means 0.20 mSv/year as the annual effective dose. This values are lower than the worldwide average effective dose value of 0.46 mSv/year for outdoor exposures from terrestrial radiation sources) and lower than the previous average values found in Brazil for the regions of Pocos de Caldas, Guarapari, Andradas and Caldas. Actually, the average value is comparable with those observed in the Ribeirao Preto - SP - Brazil City. (author)

  13. Saúde Mental na atenção básica à saúde de Campinas, SP: uma rede ou um emaranhado? Mental health in the primary care system of Campinas, SP: network or spider's web?

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    Mariana Dorsa Figueiredo

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se do relato de uma pesquisa sobre a organização das ações de saúde mental na atenção básica de Campinas (SP, a partir da implantação do arranjo de gestão Apoio Matricial. Esse arranjo visa a disparar a ampliação da clínica das equipes de referência e reorientar a demanda para a saúde mental. Desviando os encaminhamentos indiscriminados para uma lógica da co-responsabilização, ele pretende produzir maior resolutividade à atenção em saúde. Foram realizados grupos focais com profissionais de saúde mental, das equipes de referência e gestores. Numa abordagem hermenêutica-crítica, procurou-se encadear as linhas argumentativas dos grupos focais de modo narrativo, a fim de combinar a análise com a construção de sentidos para o material produzido. Observou-se a incorporação da saúde mental no fazer das equipes de referência e a diversificação dos dispositivos terapêuticos. Avaliou-se a necessidade de aprimorar a avaliação de risco e a importância da criação de espaços permanentes de análise sobre o Apoio Matricial, a fim de realimentar sua potencialidade em transformar as práticas hegemônicas em saúde. Pretende-se, com este artigo, contribuir para que as discussões geradas pelos profissionais possam ser significadas no interior das transformações políticas e assistenciais na área da Saúde Mental.This article relates a study on the organization of the mental health services in the primary care network of the city of Campinas (SP, beginning with the implantation of the management model called Matrix Support. This organizational arrangement is aimed at integrating primary and mental care by redirecting indiscriminate actions to the logic of co-responsibility in order to produce major effectiveness. Focal groups composed by mental health professionals from reference teams and managers were created. From the perspective of a hermeneutic-critical approach, we sought interrelating narrative

  14. Medidas radiométricas em casas de vegetação com cobertura plástica na região de Campinas - SP Radiometric measurement of greenhouses with plastic cover at Campinas region- SP

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    Edilson Costa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de caracterizar as relações e alterações radiométricas em três casas de vegetação, cobertas com filme transparente de polietileno de baixa densidade (PEBD de camada simples com 150µm de espessura, tratado contra raios ultravioleta, sob ambientes distintos, foram realizados os experimentos durante o cultivo hidropônico de alface, cultivar Vera, na região de Campinas - SP, em diferentes períodos do ano, visando ao uso de dados experimentais de postos meteorológicos em substituição à necessidade de adquirir equipamentos de radiação para medições internas. As casas de vegetação eram de estrutura metálica de aço, de forma e volume idênticos. Coletaram-se a radiação solar global interna e externa (RSGI e RSGE, W m-2, a radiação fotossinteticamente ativa (RFA, µmol m-2 s-1 e a radiação ultravioleta, em 254; 312 e 365 nm (RUV, W m-2. Os resultados mostraram que as equações de regressão linear são estimativas aceitáveis na obtenção da radiação fotossinteticamente ativa em função da radiação solar global externa. Em ambientes fechados e climatizados, existe maior correlação entre a radiação fotossinteticamente ativa e a radiação solar global externa. A orientação das casas de vegetação não climatizadas não influencia no espalhamento interno da radiação fotossinteticamente ativa.The objective of this study was to characterize the radiometric relationship and changing in three greenhouses covered with transparent low density polyethylene film (PEBD with a 150µm single layer of low density polyethylene film, treated with compounds that inhibit rapid degradation by ultraviolet radiation, under effects of different environments. The experiments were conducted during hydroponics lettuce production of Vera variety at Campinas region-SP in different periods of the year, aiming the use of experimental data from meteorological stations in substitution of the needs to pursue radiometric

  15. Acidentes de trânsito: uma visão qualitativa no Município de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Traffic accidents: a qualitative approach from Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Marcos S. Queiroz

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo focaliza, numa perspectiva interdisciplinar qualitativa, o problema de acidentes de trânsito no Município de Campinas. Ele começa analisando o processo de municipalização do transporte e trânsito no município, com base nas representações sociais de técnicos da Secretaria Municipal de Transporte. Alguns números são trazidos à tona para mostrar uma queda significativa de mortes no trânsito em Campinas nos últimos dez anos. Esses números demonstram que as políticas públicas implementadas nesse setor têm sido positivas em vários aspectos. Atenção especial é dada aos objetivos, estratégias e obstáculos encontrados pelo poder local no processo de municipalização do trânsito. O artigo conclui enfatizando que, além da municipalização, o Estado necessita implementar políticas públicas específicas consistentes, principalmente aquelas voltadas à revitalização do transporte coletivo e a programas de educação no trânsito, a fim de se poder avançar no controle do problema.This article takes an interdisciplinary qualitative approach to the problem of traffic accidents in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. The authors begin by analyzing the "municipalization" (i.e., decentralization to the municipal level of transport and traffic management in Campinas based on social representations by members of the local government's technical staff. Data demonstrate a significant drop in traffic accident mortality in Campinas in the last ten years. The findings illustrate how new transport and traffic policies had several positive effects. Special attention is given to the objectives, strategies, and obstacles dealt with by local government in the "municipalization" of traffic. The paper concludes by emphasizing the need for specific public policies to revitalize urban mass transportation, including special traffic safety educational programs.

  16. The prevalence of adenoviral conjunctivitis at the Clinical Hospital of the State University of Campinas, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Roberto Damian Pacheco; Lira, Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti; Arieta, Carlos Eduardo Leite; Castro, Rosane Silvestre de; Bonon, Sandra Helena Alves

    2015-11-01

    Viral conjunctivitis is a common, highly contagious disease that is often caused by an adenovirus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of adenoviral conjunctivitis by analyzing data from a prospective clinical study of 122 consecutively enrolled patients who were treated at the Clinical Hospital of the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) after a clinical diagnosis of infectious conjunctivitis between November 2011 and June 2012. Polymerase chain reaction was used to evaluate all cases of clinically diagnosed infectious conjunctivitis and based on the laboratory findings, the prevalence of adenoviral infections was determined. The incidence of subepithelial corneal infiltrates was also investigated. Of the 122 patients with acute infectious conjunctivitis included, 72 had positive polymerase chain reaction results for adenoviruses and 17 patients developed subepithelial corneal infiltrates (13.93%). The polymerase chain reaction revealed that the prevalence of adenoviral conjunctivitis was 59% in all patients who presented with a clinical diagnosis of infectious conjunctivitis from November 2011 to June 2012. The prevalence of adenoviral conjunctivitis in the study population was similar to its prevalence in other regions of the world.

  17. Os idosos e as instituições asilares do município de Campinas Los ancianos y las instituciones asilares del municipio de Campinas The elderly and asylums at the municipality of Campinas, Brazil

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    Akemi Yamamoto

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar as instituições asilares de Campinas quanto aos seus residentes, recursos humanos e rotinas realizadas. Foram investigadas seis instituições de caráter privado, com residentes, em sua maioria dependentes, e recursos humanos insuficientes qualitativa e quantitativamente. Foi possível verificar que a capacitação dos profissionais, na área de geriatria e gerontologia, em particular, da equipe de enfermagem, é imprescindível para a melhoria da assistência prestada aos idosos.Este estudio tiene como objetivo caracterizar las instituciones asilares de Campinas, en relación con los residentes, recursos humanos y rutinas realizadas. Fueron investigadas seis instituciones de carácter privado, que abrigan residentes cuya mayoría es dependiente y que tienen recursos humanos insuficientes cualitativa y cuantitativamente. Fue posible verificar que la capacitación de los profesionales del área de geriatría y gerontología y en particular del equipo de enfermería, es imprescindible para la mejoría de la atención a los ancianos.This study aimed at characterizing the asylums at the municipality of Campinas regarding their residents, human resources and routines. Authors investigated six private institutions with residents, whose majority were dependent and with quantitatively and qualitatively insufficient human resources. It was possible to verify the capacitation of the health professionals in the areas of geriatrics and gerontology, in particular, as well as of the nursing team that is really important to the improvement of the care provided to the elderly.

  18. Fertility and reproductive history of sterilized and non-sterilized women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Osis Maria José Duarte

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article compares sterilized and non-sterilized women in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, reproductive history, and cohabitation status. Women from 30 to 49 years of age and residing in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, were interviewed with a pre-tested and structured questionnaire: 236 women sterilized at least five years before the interview and 236 non-sterilized women. The sterilized women were significantly more likely to be married or cohabiting, to be younger when they began cohabiting, and to have been in the union longer than the non-sterilized women. They also began childbearing at an earlier age and had a history of more pregnancies and more live births than non-sterilized women. Factors associated with a history of 3 or more live births at the time of the interview were surgical sterilization, younger age at first childbirth, older age at the interview, recognition of fewer contraceptive methods, and lower per capita income. The article concludes that sterilization generally appears to be the consequence of higher fertility in a group of women who initiate childbearing early in life, although its role in preventing these women from having even larger families may also have a demographic impact.

  19. Fertility and reproductive history of sterilized and non-sterilized women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Maria José Duarte Osis

    Full Text Available This article compares sterilized and non-sterilized women in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, reproductive history, and cohabitation status. Women from 30 to 49 years of age and residing in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, were interviewed with a pre-tested and structured questionnaire: 236 women sterilized at least five years before the interview and 236 non-sterilized women. The sterilized women were significantly more likely to be married or cohabiting, to be younger when they began cohabiting, and to have been in the union longer than the non-sterilized women. They also began childbearing at an earlier age and had a history of more pregnancies and more live births than non-sterilized women. Factors associated with a history of 3 or more live births at the time of the interview were surgical sterilization, younger age at first childbirth, older age at the interview, recognition of fewer contraceptive methods, and lower per capita income. The article concludes that sterilization generally appears to be the consequence of higher fertility in a group of women who initiate childbearing early in life, although its role in preventing these women from having even larger families may also have a demographic impact.

  20. Evaluation of Heavy Metals in Solid Waste Disposal Sites in Campinas City, Brazil Using Synchrotron Radiation Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Faria, Bruna Fernanda; Moreira, Silvana

    2011-12-01

    The problem of solid waste in most countries is on the rise as a result of rapid population growth, urbanization, industrial development and changes in consumption habits. Amongst the various forms of waste disposals, landfills are today the most viable for the Brazilian reality, both technically and economically. Proper landfill construction practices allow minimizing the effects of the two main sources of pollution from solid waste: landfill gas and slurry. However, minimizing is not synonymous with eliminating; consequently, the landfill alone cannot resolve all the problems with solid waste disposal. The main goal of this work is to evaluate the content of trace elements in samples of groundwater, surface water and slurry arising from local solid waste disposals in the city of Campinas, SP, Brazil. Samples were collected at the Delta, Santa Barbara and Pirelli landfills. At the Delta and Santa Barbara sites, values above the maximum permitted level established by CETESB for Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Pb were observed in samples of groundwater, while at the Pirelli site, elements with concentrations above the permitted levels were Mn, Fe, Ba and Pb. At Delta, values above levels permitted by the CONAMA 357 legislation were still observed in surface water samples for Cr, Mn, Fe and Cu, whereas in slurry samples, values above the permitted levels were observed for Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pb. Slurry samples were prepared in accordance with two extraction methodologies, EPA 3050B and EPA 200.8. Concentrations of Cr, Ni, Cu and Pb were higher than the limit established by CONAMA 357 for most samples collected at different periods (dry and rainy) and also for the two extraction methodologies employed.

  1. Uso pesado de álcool por estudantes dos ensinos fundamental e médio de escolas centrais e periféricas de Campinas (SP: prevalência e fatores associados Heavy alcohol use among elementary and high-school students in downtown and outskirts of Campinas City - São Paulo: prevalence and related factors

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    Meire Soldera

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available O conhecimento de fatores associados ao uso de álcool na adolescência é de grande relevância, pois permite intervenções visando reduzir comportamentos de risco e o possível início de um uso de álcool progressivamente deletério. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência do uso pesado de álcool e verificar se variáveis sociodemográficas, culturais e psicopatológicas podem estar influenciando este uso por estudantes dos ensinos fundamental e médio de escolas públicas e particulares da cidade de Campinas (SP. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com uma técnica de amostragem do tipo intencional. Foi utilizado um questionário anônimo, de autopreenchimento, baseado no questionário do Centro Brasileiro de Informações sobre Drogas Psicotrópicas (CEBRID. A amostra foi constituída por 2.287 estudantes dos ensinos fundamental e médio de escolas públicas e particulares da cidade de Campinas (SP, no ano de 1998. Considerou-se uso pesado, de acordo com a World Health Organization (WHO (1981, o uso de álcool em 20 dias ou mais nos 30 dias que antecederam a pesquisa. Para identificar os fatores que influenciam o uso de drogas, utilizou-se a "Análise de Regressão Logística Politômica - Modelo de Logitos Generalizados". RESULTADOS: O uso pesado de álcool foi de 11,9%, tendo sido maior nos estudantes da escola pública central, do período vespertino, que trabalhavam, de nível socioeconômico A e B, que se sentiam pouco apoiados e compreendidos pela família e que apresentavam maior defasagem escolar. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados deste estudo indicam que fatores como disponibilidade de dinheiro, trabalho, situações pessoais e familiares desfavoráveis e mau desempenho escolar estão associados ao uso pesado de álcool em estudantes.It is important to identify factors related to heavy alcohol use among adolescents, as this allows interventions aimed at reducing risk behavior and possible increasing harmful use of alcohol. OBJECTIVES

  2. EDITORIAL: Selected Papers from RIAO/OPTILAS 2007 (Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, 21 26 October 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetter, Niklaus; Frejlich, Jaime

    2008-10-01

    This special issue contains papers presented at the 6th Ibero-American Conference on Optics and the 9th Latin-American Meeting on Optics, Lasers and Applications (RIAO/OPTILAS'07) that was held in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, 21-26 October 2007. The RIAO/OPTILAS conferences are held every three years in Latino-American and Iberian countries and focus on senior and young researchers as well as students working in all areas of optics, mainly in these countries, but warmly welcoming participants from all over the world. The RIAO/OPTILAS'07 conference followed the one held in Venezuela in 2004 and precedes the next one already arranged to be held in Peru in 2010. The most active countries in the regions such as Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Spain, Colombia and Venezuela have registered a large number of participants but other countries in the regions such as Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Peru, Portugal and Uruguay have also sent a representative number of participants. About 7% of the registered participants came from Europe, the USA and the Middle East. It was very stimulating to realize that about 44% of the accepted registered participants were students. An international committee was in charge of selecting the best student posters and ten students were awarded with prizes offered by organizations (SPIE, Wiley & Sons) and individuals. There were 7 plenary invited talks given by high quality researchers from Argentina, Germany, Israel, Italy, Mexico and Ukraine and 12 invited contributions from Brazil, Finland, Italy, Spain, UK and Uruguay. The Book of Abstracts recorded 471 communications divided into 15 different topics with 160 oral communications in three parallel sessions and 311 posters in two special sessions. We are particularly grateful to SPIE, OSA and ICTP who have provided us with important financial support mainly devoted to supporting the participation of students in this conference. We also acknowledge financial and organizational support from Brazilian federal

  3. Sobrevida em pacientes com câncer gástrico em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Survival in gastric cancer patients in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, analisa-se a sobrevida de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer gástrico no Município de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. Foram analisados os dados do Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional (RCBP de Campinas referentes aos casos incidentes nos anos de 1991 a 1994. Calculou-se a sobrevida observada e relativa e, visando a uma comparação entre as taxas de sobrevida de diferentes grupos e populações internacionais, utilizou-se o risco relativo de morte. A sobrevida relativa foi de 33% e 9% ao final do primeiro e do quinto ano após o diagnóstico, respectivamente. Não foi constatada diferença na sobrevida por câncer de estômago entre os sexos; o prognóstico revelou-se melhor para os indivíduos mais jovens. Verificou-se um gradiente de gravidade dos estádios localizados para aqueles mais avançados, não estatisticamente significantes. O grupo dos adenocarcinomas indiferenciados apresentou uma sobrevida maior, com 47% destes pacientes vivos ao final do primeiro ano, enquanto apenas 7% dos casos sem classificação histológica sobreviveu ao primeiro ano após o diagnóstico. Comparando-se com resultados internacionais, tais como os de registros europeus, Campinas revelou um risco de morte maior do que o da média dos registros europeus, especialmente considerando-se o quinto ano após o diagnóstico.This study analyzes the survival of gastric cancer patients in the city of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. Data from the Campinas Population-Based Cancer Registry (RCBP related to gastric cancer cases diagnosed from 1991 to 1994 were analyzed. Observed and relative survival rates were calculated, and to compare rates between different groups and international populations, the relative mortality risk was used. One-year relative survival rate for patients with gastric cancer was 33%, and five-year relative survival was 9%, confirming the poor prognosis of gastric cancer. Gender had no influence on survival, while the prognosis

  4. Occurrence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts in raw water from the Atibaia river, Campinas, Brazil

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    FRANCO Regina Maura Bueno

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia duodenalis are waterborne parasites that have caused several outbreaks of gastrointestinal disease associated with drinking water. Due to the lack of studies about the occurrence of these protozoa in water in the Southeast of Brazil, an investigation was conducted to verify the presence of cysts and oocysts in superficial raw water of the Atibaia River. The water samples were submitted to membrane filtration (3.0 mum and elution was processed by (1 scraping and rinsing of membrane (RM method and (2 acetone-dissolution (ADM method. Microbiologic and chemical parameters were analyzed. Aliquots of the pellets were examined by immunofluorescence (Merifluor, Meridian Diagnostics, Cincinnati, Ohio. All water samples were positive for Cryptosporidium and Giardia, in spite of the high turbidity. Higher recovery rates occurred in samples treated by the RM method than by the ADM technique. The goal for future work is the assessment of viability of cysts and oocysts to determine the public health significance of this finding.

  5. Biosorption of uranium by Azolla, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vieira, Ludmila C.; Alves, Eliakim G.; Marumo, Julio T., E-mail: lcvieira@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Ferreira, Rafael V. de P., E-mail: rafael@itatijuca.com [Itatijuca Biotech, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Canevesi, Rafael L.S.; Silva, Edson A., E-mail: edson.silva2@unioeste.br [Universidade Estadual do Oeste Parana (UNIOESTE), Toledo, PR (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Radioactive liquid waste needs special attention and requires suitable treatment before deposition. Among the potential technologies under development for the treatment of liquid radioactive wastes the biosorption has been highlighted by being an efficient and low cost technique. Biosorption process involves the exchange of ions contained in the biomass matrix by others present in solution. There are many biomasses that could be applied in treatment of radioactive wastes, for example, agricultural residues and macrophyte. The aim of this study is evaluate the ability of the Azolla sp., a floating aquatic plant, to absorb uranium in solution. Azolla sp. is a macrophyte that has been used to treat effluents containing heavy metals. The biosorption capacity of uranium by Azolla sp. was experimentally determined and modeled by isotherms. Experiments were performed to determine metal uptake, and then the solutions were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The isotherms applied to model the data was Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips Toth, Redlich Peternson, Two-Site-Langmuir, Radke Prausnitz to develop a technique for the treatment of radioactive liquid waste generated at the Nuclear and Energy Research Institute (IPEN-CNEN/SP), Brazil. (author)

  6. O mercado de alimentos orgânicos da Região Metropolitana de Campinas-SP.

    OpenAIRE

    Tassi, Maria Elisa von Zuben; Abreu, Lucimar Santiago de

    2009-01-01

    Considerando que o mercado é um espaço de construção social, o objetivo principal deste artigo é o de compreender a diversidade da comercialização de produtos de base ecológica, identificando as redes organizacionais da Região Metropolitana de Campinas, através de pesquisa bibliográfica, visitas exploratórias e entrevistas abertas nos principais pontos de vendas de alimentos orgânicos. Caracterizamos o mercado de venda indireta (varejo das redes de supermercados internacionais, nacionais e lo...

  7. Opinião de consumidores do município de Campinas (SP) sobre riscos à saúde provenientes dos alimentos

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca, Maria da Conceição Pereira da; Salay, Elisabete

    2015-01-01

    Estudos mostram que é expressiva nos países desenvolvidos a preocupação dos consumidores com os riscos alimentares à saúde. Ressaltando-se que esse tipo de preocupação, juntamente com variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas, pode influenciar no padrão de consumo dos alimentos. No Brasil, os estudos relativos à opinião dos consumidores referente à segurança dos alimentos são ainda restritos. Este estudo avaliou a opinião de consumidores da cidade de Campinas (SP) com relação aos atributos dos...

  8. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre os usuários do centro de saúde do Distrito de Sousas, Campinas, SP (1986-1990

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    Ismael Gioia

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência das parasitoses intestinais foi levantada nos usuários do Centro de Saúde do Distrito de Sousas, Campinas, SP entre 1986 e 1990. Dentre 770 prontuários observados constatou-se 114 casos positivos (14,8% para protozoários, helmintos ou comensais. Ascaris lumbricoides (48,2% seguido de Giardia lamblia (30,7%, Trichuris trichiura (18,4% e Enterobius vermicularis (9,6% foram mais prevalentes na faixa etária dos pré-escolares. Os adultos, em maior número na amostra, apresentam-se pouco parasitados. Os demais parasitos e comensais, concorrem com prevalência proporcional aos inquéritos tradicionais realizados na população brasileira, à exceção da ausência de tenídeos e baixa prevalência de Aneylostomatidae. Sugere-se a realização de exame protoparasitológico de rotina entre os pré-escolares e a utilização de dados dos postos de atendimento primário nos inquéritos parasitológicos.The prevalence of intestinal parasites was carried onusersoftheHealth Center of Sousas District, Campinas, SP (1986-1990. From 770observedmedicalrecords we verify 114 positive cases (14.8%for protozoa, helminths and comensals. Ascaris lumbricoides (48.2%, Giardia lamblia (30.7%, Trichuris trichiura (18,4% and Enterobius vermicularis (9.6% were more prevalent in pre-school children. The adults, what are the most numerous class, appeared few parasitised. The other parasites and comensais appeared with a prevalence like the traditional braiilian population surveys, except for the absence of tenids and low prevalence of Ancylostomatidae. We propose the realization of routine stool parasitological examinations among the pre-school children and the use of the primary health care data in parasitological survey.

  9. Automedicação em idosos residentes em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil: prevalência e fatores associados Self-medication in the elderly population of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil: prevalence and associated factors

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    Marcelo Antunes de Oliveira

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi avaliar a prevalência e fatores associados à automedicação em idosos e identificar os principais fármacos consumidos sem prescrição. Estudo transversal de base populacional, com amostra estratificada por conglomerados e em dois estágios realizado em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, em 2008-2009. Dos 1.515 idosos, 80,4% referiram uso de ao menos um medicamento nos três dias anteriores à pesquisa. Desses, 91,1% relataram consumo exclusivo de medicamentos prescritos e o restante (8,9%, uso simultâneo de prescritos e não prescritos. Após ajuste, idade > 80 anos, hipertensão arterial, presença de doenças crônicas, uso de serviços de saúde, realização de consultas odontológicas e filiação a plano médico de saúde estiveram associadas negativamente, e renda per capita, positivamente à automedicação. Os fármacos sem prescrição mais consumidos foram dipirona, AAS, diclofenaco, Ginkgo biloba, paracetamol e homeopáticos. Sobretudo entre idosos, a assistência farmacêutica deve ser priorizada para evitar o uso incorreto de medicamentos e garantir o acesso aos fármacos necessários ao tratamento.The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and causative factors associated with self-medication in the elderly and identify the main drugs consumed without prescription. A cross-sectional population-based study with stratified clustered two-stage sampling was performed in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil in 2008 and 2009. Of the 1,515 elderly studied, 80.4% reported using at least one drug duringthe three days preceding the survey. Of these, 91.1% reported the use of prescription drugs only and the remainder (8.9% reported simultaneous use of prescribed and non prescribed drugs. After adjustment, a negative association between age > 80 years, hypertension, chronic diseases, use of health services, dental consultations and adherence to a medical plan,and self-medication was found, whereas a positive association was

  10. A percepção de insegurança alimentar em famílias com idosos em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Food insecurity perception in families with elderly in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Leticia Marín-León

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a prevalência de insegurança alimentar em famílias com idosos e descrever seu perfil sócio-demográfico. Foram estudadas famílias com membros de 65 anos e mais (n = 195, selecionadas de inquérito domiciliar realizado em 2003, em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. A Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar, versão brasileira do módulo de insegurança alimentar do United States Department of Agriculture, foi utilizada para diagnosticar segurança/insegurança alimentar (SA/IA. Observou-se insegurança alimentar leve em 33,0% das famílias, moderada em 11,8% e grave em 7,2%. Em menos de 5,0% das famílias o idoso não tinha renda. Os idosos de famílias com insegurança alimentar apresentaram, em forma similar aos Estados Unidos, maior proporção de idosos de baixa renda (The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of food insecurity (FI in families with elderly members and to describe their socio-demographic profile. The study focused on families with members aged 65 years or more (n = 195 participating in a household survey in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003. The Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale, an adaptation of the USDA FI module, was used to diagnose food security/insecurity (FS/FI. Mild FI was present in 33.0% of families, moderate in 11.8%, and severe in 7.2%. The elderly had no income in < 5.0% of the families. Families with FI, as in the United States, had a greater proportion of elderly with low income and low level of education (no schooling or incomplete primary schooling. A significantly higher proportion of daily qualitative food intake was observed in FS families (vegetables 92.3 vs. 61.8%; OR = 7.4; 95%CI: 2.9-19.6; meat 74.2 vs. 43.1%; OR = 3.8; 95%CI: 1.9-7.3; fruit 77.4 vs. 49.0%; OR = 3.6; 95%CI: 1.8-6.9. The elderly contribute to family income and thus do not pose a burden to their families.

  11. Evaluation of the composition of terrestrial invertebrates in a rural area of Campina Grande do Sul, Paraná, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Luciane Fischer; Fernando Willyan Trevisan Leivas

    2008-01-01

    The terrestrial invertebrates participate actively in the formation of the soil, and can be utilized as bioindicators of environmental disturbance. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the fauna composition of terrestrial invertebrates, in a rural area of Campina Grande do Sul. The collection was carried out in a single fragment of Araucaria Forest, with structurally differentiated two-point samplings, through pitfall traps. A total of 1,776 invertebrates was captured, pertain...

  12. [Provision of voluntary surgical sterilization in the Campinas Metropolitan Area, São Paulo State, Brazil: perceptions of public health services managers and professionals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osis, Maria José Duarte; Carvalho, Luiz Eduardo Campos de; Cecatti, José Guilherme; Bento, Silvana Ferreira; Pádua, Karla Simônia de

    2009-03-01

    This study describes the perceptions of public health services managers and professionals concerning provision of voluntary surgical sterilization in the Campinas Metropolitan Area, São Paulo State, Brazil. The study adopted a qualitative approach in four municipalities (counties), where semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 health professionals and health services managers involved in the provision of surgical sterilization. The interviewees identified difficulties in scheduling visits at Outpatient Family Clinics or Reference Centers (APF/CR), and the number of available surgeries in the accredited hospitals was insufficient. They emphasized the lack of physical infrastructure and human resources for conducting family planning activities in the primary health units as well as in the APF/CR.They also criticized the legal criteria for authorizing surgical sterilization, and mentioned adaptations to make them more appropriate to the each municipality's situation. According to the health services managers and professionals, despite the efforts, meeting the demand for surgical sterilization in the Campinas Metropolitan Area was jeopardized by its centralization in the APF/CR, which in practice had to cover the gap in family planning activities in each municipality's primary care units.

  13. Flora arbustivo-arbórea do fragmento de floresta estacional semidecidual do Ribeirão Cachoeira, município de Campinas, SP

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    Santos Karin dos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado inventário florístico das árvores e arbustos da mata Ribeirão Cachoeira (233,7ha, altitude 650m, coordenadas 46°55'58''W, 22°50'13''S, o segundo maior e mais bem conservado fragmento de floresta estacional semidecidual do município de Campinas, SP. O solo característico é o Podzólico Vermelho Amarelo e o clima é Cwag' de Köppen. As coletas foram feitas durante o período de agosto/1996 a setembro/1997. Foram incluídos apenas indivíduos férteis com perímetro a altura do peito igual ou superior a 9cm. Foram encontradas 175 espécies de 119 gêneros e 49 famílias. As famílias mais ricas foram Myrtaceae (14 espécies, Rutaceae e Fabaceae (13, Caesalpiniaceae (11, Solanaceae (9 e Rubiaceae (8. Algumas espécies foram encontradas pela primeira vez na região: Tachigali multijuga Benth. e Schoepfia brasiliensis A.DC. A floração foi maior entre agosto e outubro. A frutificação foi maior nos meses de agosto a novembro. A maioria das espécies encontradas é zoocórica (58%, as anemocóricas foram 23% e as autocóricas 19%. Compararam-se as relações florísticas desta mata com outros 20 levantamentos do Estado. Os resultados obtidos indicaram a formação de dois grupos distintos. O mais homogêneo deles inclui as florestas do município de Campinas, mostrando que, possivelmente, são remanescentes de uma vegetação originalmente contínua.

  14. Podridão peduncular e qualidade de mangas 'Tommy atkins' procedentes do mercado atacadista de Campina Grande-PB Stalk rot and quality of 'Tommy atkins' mangos from the wholesale market of Campina Grande-PB, Brazil

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    Erbs Cintra de Souza Gomes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil destaca-se no cenário mundial como um dos maiores produtores de manga (Mangifera indica L.. No entanto, perdas significativas são observadas em todas as etapas da cadeia produtiva, sobretudo na comercialização varejista, sendo estas correlacionadas em quase sua totalidade à incidência de doenças fúngicas. Neste sentido, objetivou-se com este trabalho determinar a incidência natural de Lasiodiplodia theobromae, agente causal da podridão peduncular, e aspectos da qualidade pós-colheita de mangas 'Tommy Atkins', comercializadas no mercado atacadista da Empresa Paraibana de Abastecimento e Serviços Agrícolas (EMPASA de Campina Grande-PB. Para a determinação da incidência natural da doença, coletaram-se 40 frutos no estádio de maturação 'de vez', de quatro diferentes estabelecimentos de comercialização, que foram encaminhados ao Laboratório de Fitopatologia (CCA/UFPB. Após sanificação, os frutos foram mantidos sob condições ambientes (28 ± 2 ºC e UR 75 ± 6% por oito dias, determinando-se o aparecimento dos primeiros sintomas e sinais do patógeno. As características de qualidade foram determinadas através da coleta de 10 frutos de cada estabelecimento de comercialização da EMPASA. Os frutos foram transportados ao Laboratório de Biologia e Tecnologia Pós-Colheita (CCA/UFPB, onde foram avaliados quanto aos teores de Sólidos Solúveis (SS, Acidez Titulável (AT, Relação SS/AT e pH. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância, e as médias, comparadas pelo teste de Tukey, a 5% de probabilidade. A manga comercializada no mercado atacadista da EMPASA de Campina Grande apresentou baixo conteúdo de SS e elevada AT, caracterizando fruto no início da maturação. Os frutos apresentaram 88,9% de incidência natural de podridão peduncular no oitavo dia de armazenamento, o que compromete a qualidade do produto no varejo, constituindo-se em uma causa das elevadas perdas pós-colheita.Brazil stands out as

  15. Práticas das enfermeiras e políticas de saúde pública em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Nursing practice and public health policy in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Eliete Maria Silva

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Desde a década de 70 o sistema de saúde vem se transformando com a redemocratização do Estado Brasileiro. O SUS representou um importante passo para o fortalecimento dos sistemas de administração locais e regionais. Tal situação tem contribuído para o aumento do controle local e para as mudanças no processo de trabalho. Este estudo considera essas mudanças no sistema local de saúde em Campinas, São Paulo, e analisa, quantitativa e qualitativamente, as práticas de 233 enfermeiras da rede municipal em relação às políticas de saúde locais. Cerca de 58% trabalham em serviços locais e 42% em serviços especializados, em níveis distritais e central de administração. Os serviços de enfermagem organizam-se em seis áreas principais: administração, coordenação de recursos humanos, educação de pessoal, informática, administração em saúde e vigilância em saúde. A intervenção das enfermeiras tem se dirigido às diversas áreas, mas continua centrada nas consultas médicas, com pequena ênfase em atividades coletivas e de promoção à saúde. Concluímos que novas práticas de promoção à saúde coletiva precisam ser fomentadas de acordo com os objetivos de desenvolvimento da saúde em âmbito local.Redemocratization in the 1970s brought about changes in the public health system in Brazil. The Unified National Health System (SUS was implemented in 1988, based on local and regional administrative systems. This was an important step that resulted in greater local control and the introduction of new technologies. This study focuses on the local health system in Campinas, a relatively affluent and technologically advanced region some 100km from the city of São Paulo in Southeast Brazil. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to evaluate the work of 233 nurses in the local health system. The first nurse was hired in 1977, and now there are 53 nurses working in specific areas: 10 in the central health

  16. Mortality From External Causes In Three Latin American Cities: Córdoba (argentina), Campinas (brazil) And Medellín (colombia), 1980-2005 [mortalidad Por Causas Externas En Tres Ciudades Latinoamericanas: Córdoba (argentina), Campinas (brasil) Y Medellín (colombia), 1980-2005

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    Cardona D.; Pelaez E.; Aidar T.; Ribotta B.; Alvarez M.F.

    2008-01-01

    Aim: This article has the objective of contributing to studies on mortality from violent causes in Latin America through a comparative analysis of recent patterns and trends in deaths from external causes in three regional urban contexts. Methods: A descriptive study from secondary sources is presented, using vital statistics from Cordoba (Argentina), Campinas (Brazil) and Medellin (Colombia) during three different periods between 1980 and 2005. The following subgroups of external causes are ...

  17. The impact of different cooling strategies on urban air temperatures: the cases of Campinas, Brazil and Mendoza, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alchapar, Noelia Liliana; Pezzuto, Claudia Cotrim; Correa, Erica Norma; Chebel Labaki, Lucila

    2017-10-01

    This paper describes different ways of reducing urban air temperature and their results in two cities: Campinas, Brazil—a warm temperate climate with a dry winter and hot summer (Cwa), and Mendoza, Argentina—a desert climate with cold steppe (BWk). A high-resolution microclimate modeling system—ENVI-met 3.1—was used to evaluate the thermal performance of an urban canyon in each city. A total of 18 scenarios were simulated including changes in the surface albedo, vegetation percentage, and the H/W aspect ratio of the urban canyons. These results revealed the same trend in behavior for each of the combinations of strategies evaluated in both cities. Nevertheless, these strategies produce a greater temperature reduction in the warm temperate climate (Cwa). Increasing the vegetation percentage reduces air temperatures and mean radiant temperatures in all scenarios. In addition, there is a greater decrease of urban temperature with the vegetation increase when the H/W aspect ratio is lower. Also, applying low albedo on vertical surfaces and high albedo on horizontal surfaces is successful in reducing air temperatures without raising the mean radiant temperature. The best combination of strategies—60 % of vegetation, low albedos on walls and high albedos on pavements and roofs, and 1.5 H/W—could reduce air temperatures up to 6.4 °C in Campinas and 3.5 °C in Mendoza.

  18. Saúde mental e trabalho interdisciplinar: a experiência do "Cândido Ferreira"em Campinas Mental health and interdisciplinary work: the experience in "Candido Ferreira", in Campinas, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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    Marcos de Souza Queiroz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o processo de reforma psiquiátrica a partir de um foco dirigido ao trabalho interdisciplinar dos profissionais de nível superior do serviço de saúde Dr. Cândido Ferreira, em Campinas. Trata-se de uma instituição filantrópica que contribui expressivamente com a rede de assistência à saúde mental deste município. Embora integrada à rede de assistência de saúde mental desta cidade, o serviço apresenta certa independência financeira, administrativa e gerencial em relação à ela, o que lhe permite implementar algumas experiências terapêuticas e inovações gerenciais. Mais especificamente, este artigo focaliza o processo de tomada de decisão da equipe interdisciplinar, envolvendo diagnóstico e processo terapêutico. Também aborda a organização do serviço no processo de desospitalização, como o remanejamento de pacientes em residências fora da parte central do serviço, a manutenção dessas unidades, o gerenciamento das oficinas de trabalho na instituição, que preveem um rendimento financeiro para o paciente, e a implementação de um programa de três anos de residência em psiquiatria na instituição. A abordagem metodológica da pesquisa é essencialmente qualitativa, constituindo-se de entrevistas e observação participante relacionados com os profissionais desse serviço de saúde.This article analyses the process on the psychiatric reform, with a focus on the interdisciplinary work developed by the health professionals from the health service "Dr. Candido Ferreira"in Campinas, Brazil. This is a philanthropic institution which contributes significantly to public mental health network in this city. Even though the service is integrated to the Unified Heath System (SUS, it presents a financial, administrative and managerial independence, which allows implementing some therapeutic experiences and managerial innovations. More specifically, this article focuses on the process of decision making by

  19. Fatores associados ao sedentarismo no lazer em idosos, Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Variables associated with sedentary leisure time in the elderly in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Maria Paula do Amaral Zaitune

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer a prevalência de sedentários no lazer (que referem não praticar nenhum exercício físico no lazer ao menos uma vez por semana em idosos de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, segundo fatores demográficos e sócio-econômicos, outros comportamentos relacionados à saúde e à presença de morbidades. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, de base populacional, com amostragem em múltiplos estágios. A análise dos dados levou em conta o desenho amostral. A prevalência de sedentários foi 70,9%, sendo que as razões de prevalências foram significativamente maiores que um para os idosos de menor renda (1,31: 1,11-1,55, tabagistas (1,39: 1,23-1,57, com transtorno mental comum (1,20: 1,04-1,39 e do sexo feminino (1,16: 1,00-1,35. A prevalência de caminhada foi 23,5%, seguida por ginástica ou musculação (3,8% e por natação ou hidroginástica (3,6%. Os resultados apontam para a necessidade do desenvolvimento de ações globais com respeito aos comportamentos relacionados à saúde. Atenção especial deve ser dada aos idosos do sexo feminino, àqueles com transtorno mental comum e aos de menor nível sócio-econômico a fim de garantir eqüidade em relação às práticas de promoção da saúde.The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of sedentary leisure time (no type of leisure-time exercise once a week or more among the elderly in the city of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, according to demographic and socioeconomic factors, other health-related behaviors, and the presence of morbidity. This was a population-based cross-sectional study with multiple-stage sampling. Data analysis considered the sample design. Prevalence of sedentary leisure time was 70.9%, and the prevalence ratio was significantly higher than 1.0 for the elderly with lower socioeconomic status (1.31: 1.11-1.55, smokers (1.39: 1.23-1.57, those with common mental disorders (1.20: 1.04-1.39, and females (1.16: 1

  20. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre os usuários do centro de saúde do Distrito de Sousas, Campinas, SP (1986-1990

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    Ismael Gioia

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência das parasitoses intestinais foi levantada nos usuários do Centro de Saúde do Distrito de Sousas, Campinas, SP entre 1986 e 1990. Dentre 770 prontuários observados constatou-se 114 casos positivos (14,8% para protozoários, helmintos ou comensais. Ascaris lumbricoides (48,2% seguido de Giardia lamblia (30,7%, Trichuris trichiura (18,4% e Enterobius vermicularis (9,6% foram mais prevalentes na faixa etária dos pré-escolares. Os adultos, em maior número na amostra, apresentam-se pouco parasitados. Os demais parasitos e comensais, concorrem com prevalência proporcional aos inquéritos tradicionais realizados na população brasileira, à exceção da ausência de tenídeos e baixa prevalência de Aneylostomatidae. Sugere-se a realização de exame protoparasitológico de rotina entre os pré-escolares e a utilização de dados dos postos de atendimento primário nos inquéritos parasitológicos.

  1. Development of a clinical laboratory data base of hyper and hypo alpha lipoproteins in Campinas-SP and neighboring region Construção de um banco de dados clínico laboratorial de hiper e hipoalfalipoproteinêmicos em Campinas-SP e região

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    Eliane Soler Parra

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The development of research for diagnosis, prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is of utmost importance due to the fact that it is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the phases of the selection process for candidates with the aim to develop a clinical-laboratorial database of hyper alpha lipoproteinemic patients (hyper A - high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C ≥ 68 mg/dl and hypo alpha lipoproteinemic patients (hypo A - HDL-C INTRODUÇÃO: O desenvolvimento de pesquisa para diagnóstico e prevenção da doença aterosclerótica cardiovascular no Brasil é de grande importância por esta ser a principal causa de morbimortalidade no país. OBJETIVO: Demonstrar as etapas do processo de seleção de voluntários para a construção de um banco de dados clínico-laboratorial de indivíduos hiperalfalipoproteinêmicos (hiper A - colesterol da lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL-C ≥ 68 mg/dl - e hipoalfalipoproteinêmicos (hipo A - HDL-C < 39 mg/dl. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Os voluntários são contatados a partir de resultados de perfis lipídicos de indivíduos atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS de Campinas-SP e região e, se selecionados, são convidados para coleta de sangue, exames clínicos e responder a questionários de atividade física e de frequência alimentar. Após essa avaliação, os indivíduos podem ser convocados para nova coleta de sangue e, posteriormente, para a ultrassonografia de carótidas. RESULTADOS: Entre 598.288 perfis lipídicos recebidos das redes públicas, apenas 0,6% e 0,3% compuseram os nossos grupos hiper A e hipo A, com disparidade entre os gêneros. A falta de questionários efetivos (75%, das chamadas não atendidas (60% e a não inclusão foram os pontos mais difíceis na construção do banco de dados. DISCUSSÃO: A dificuldade de obtenção de voluntários elegíveis também se deve à baixa prevalência de

  2. Linear growth of children attending public daycare centers in the municipality of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedraza, Dixis Figueroa

    2016-01-01

    To identify variables predictors of linear growth in preschool children attending public child day care centers of Campina Grande, Paraíba. A cross-sectional study on a probabilistic sample of 335 children attending child day care centers. Were obtained information about socioeconomic, maternal and children's characteristics. The height/age (Z-score) was analyzed as continuous dependent variable. Anthropometric data were obtained in compliance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization. The Multicentre Growth Reference Study was used as the reference population. The data were subjected to multiple linear regression analysis using the hierarchical model. Children who slept in rooms with at least two people, households without garbage collection, households with no refrigerator, rural zone, illiterate mothers, mothers of short stature, low birth weight and stay in child day care center at part time were the conditions associated with worse height/age of children. There is a clear difference in linear growth with multicausal characteristic in which the low birth weight, as an expression of adverse history, and the socioeconomic conditions, as an expression of health inequities, profiling the genetic potential of growth.

  3. Evaluation of the composition of terrestrial invertebrates in a rural area of Campina Grande do Sul, Paraná, Brazil

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    Marta Luciane Fischer

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The terrestrial invertebrates participate actively in the formation of the soil, and can be utilized as bioindicators of environmental disturbance. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the fauna composition of terrestrial invertebrates, in a rural area of Campina Grande do Sul. The collection was carried out in a single fragment of Araucaria Forest, with structurally differentiated two-point samplings, through pitfall traps. A total of 1,776 invertebrates was captured, pertaining to Arthropoda, Annelida, Mollusca and Plathyhelminthes phyla, of which Arthropoda and Hexapoda were the most representative groups. In Hexapoda, eleven orders were registered, and of those, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Collembola and Diptera were the most abundant. Although the studied fragment had been under recuperation for about 10 years after approximately 40 years of antropic interference, and was therefore surrounded by areas utilized for farming, agriculture and highways, it contained different groups of terrestrial invertebrates on wide-ranging thropic levels, which were important for the spatial structure and the composition of litterfall of the fragment.

  4. The practice of physical activity: A comparative study among UNICAMP (State University of Campinas, Brazil graduating students

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    Mariângela Gagliardi Caro Salve

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Regular and systematic practice is fundamental to the health of the human being. Facing this perspective, we became interested in knowing and comparing the level of importance and interest given to the practice of physical activity by the State University of Campinas (UNICAMPstudents. 1350 Unicamp students from 17 to 22 years old, of both sexes, and enrolled in nine full-time graduation courses such as Nursery, Physical Education, Biology, Pedagogy, Dancing, Music, History, Mathematics and Computer Science, were selected. It could be observed that only in the Physical Education course, more than half of them (89% practiced a physical activity in a satisfactory way, that being a minimum of 30 minutes, three times a week. It could also be observed that the practice of a physical activity is due to the following considered aspects: Combat and control of stressing factors, followed by the maintenance of physical conditioning, esthetics, socializing, health, quality of life, and last, leisure and the gain or maintenance muscular hypertrophy. Soccer, weightlifting, physical conditioning, running and localized gymnastics were the most enrolled activities. Therefore we suggest to the coordinators of UNICAMP’s graduation courses that they save time and space for students to practice a physical activity.

  5. The practice of physical activity: a comparative study among UNICAMP (State University of Campinas, Brazil graduating students

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    M.G. Salve

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Regular and systematic practice is fundamental to the health of the human being. Facing this perspective, we became interested in knowing and comparing the level of importance and interest given to the practice of physical activity by the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP students. 1350 Unicamp students from 17 to 22 years old, of both sexes, and enrolled in nine full-time graduation courses such as Nursery, Physical Education, Biology, Pedagogy, Dancing, Music, History, Mathematics and Computer Science, were selected. It could be observed that only in the Physical Education course, more than half of them (89% practiced a physical activity in a satisfactory way, that being a minimum of 30 minutes, three times a week. It could also be observed that the practice of a physical activity is due to the following considered aspects: Combat and control of stressing factors, followed by the maintenance of physical conditioning, esthetics, socializing, health, quality of life, and last, leisure and the gain or maintenance muscular hypertrophy. Soccer, weight lifting, physical conditioning, running and localized gymnastics were the most enrolled activities. Therefore we suggest to the coordinators of UNICAMP´s graduation courses that they save time and space for students to practice a physical activity.

  6. Prevalência do aleitamento materno na região noroeste de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, 2001 Breast-feeding prevalence, northwest region of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, 2001

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    Daniel Felipe Alves Cecchetti

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Calcular a prevalência do aleitamento materno entre crianças menores de dois anos de idade, residentes na região Noroeste de Campinas, São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal foi conduzido, em 2001, junto a 4 103 crianças, questionando sobre data de nascimento, sexo, alimentação e serviço de saúde utilizado. O questionário foi aplicado em 42 postos de vacinação durante a Campanha Nacional de Vacinação contra Poliomielite (Campólio. A dieta foi classificada em amamentação exclusiva, predominante, continuada e aleitamento artificial. RESULTADOS: No primeiro semestre, a prevalência de aleitamento materno exclusivo foi de 31,6% e a de aleitamento total 74,5%. Das crianças com idade entre 6 e 12 meses, 38,0% recebiam leite materno. No segundo ano, a prevalência de aleitamento materno foi reduzida para 22,1%. O aleitamento materno exclusivo passou de 72,2% aos 7 dias de idade para 53,8% aos 15 dias, 33,3% aos 3 meses, 10,0% aos 4 meses e 5,7% aos 6 meses. A prevalência do aleitamento materno total foi de 100,0% aos 7 dias; 79,1% aos 3 meses; 54,3% aos 6; 34,4% aos 12 meses; 26,1% aos 18 e zero aos 24 meses. A mediana de amamentação exclusiva foi de 67 dias e a de amamentação total foi de 6,6 meses. Das crianças vinculadas ao Sistema Único de Saúde, 42,2% receberam aleitamento materno, em contraste com 34,4% das usuárias de serviços privados (pOBJECTIVE: To calculate the prevalence of breast-feeding among children less than two years old, in the northwest region of the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A survey was conducted in 2001, with 4 103 children, querying about birth date, gender, feeding practices and health services routinely used. The questionnaire was applied at the 42 public immunization centers during the 2001 National Campaign against Polyomielites. The child's diet was categorized as exclusive breast-feeding, predominant breast-feeding, continued breast-feeding and bottle

  7. A SARIMA forecasting model to predict the number of cases of dengue in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Edson Zangiacomi Martinez

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Forecasting dengue cases in a population by using time-series models can provide useful information that can be used to facilitate the planning of public health interventions. The objective of this article was to develop a forecasting model for dengue incidence in Campinas, southeast Brazil, considering the Box-Jenkins modeling approach. METHODS: The forecasting model for dengue incidence was performed with R software using the seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA model. We fitted a model based on the reported monthly incidence of dengue from 1998 to 2008, and we validated the model using the data collected between January and December of 2009. RESULTS: SARIMA (2,1,2 (1,1,112 was the model with the best fit for data. This model indicated that the number of dengue cases in a given month can be estimated by the number of dengue cases occurring one, two and twelve months prior. The predicted values for 2009 are relatively close to the observed values. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this article indicate that SARIMA models are useful tools for monitoring dengue incidence. We also observe that the SARIMA model is capable of representing with relative precision the number of cases in a next year.

  8. [Association between maternal physical activity, gestational weight gain and birth weight in a cohort of 118 pregnant women in Campina Grande, Northeast of Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Jousilene de Sales; Melo, Adriana Suely de Oliveira; Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos de; Barros, Viviane de Oliveira; Benício, Maria Helena D'Aquino; Takito, Monica Yuri; Cardoso, Maria Aparecida Alves

    2009-01-01

    This survey evaluated the effects of physical activity on gestational weight gain and birth weight of pregnant women attended by the Family Health Program in Campina Grande, Northeast of Brazil. A cohort study enrolling 118 pregnant women was conducted between 2005 and 2006. Evaluation of the initial nutritional status was performed following Atalah's criteria and gestational weight gain was evaluated according to the Institute of Medicine. The pattern of physical activity was evaluated according to METs (metabolic equivalent) and its association with weight gain and birth weight was determined. The predominant physical activity pattern at 16 weeks was mild, in 85.6% of pregnant women. An important reduction of physical activity levels was observed with evolution of pregnancy and 98.3% of pregnant women were sedentary at 24 weeks and 100% at 32 weeks. In the initial evaluation of nutritional status 50% were normal, 23% had low weight and 27% had overweight/obesity. At second and third trimesters about 45% of pregnant women had excessive weight gain. Adequate birth weight for gestational age was found in 85.6% of neonates but macrosomia was highly frequent (8.5%). A significant association between METs at 24 weeks and gestational weight gain was found in the second trimester (p=0.045). All the pregnant women were sedentary in the third trimester and a significant association between physical activity pattern and gestational weight gain was found in the second trimester, but there was no association between this pattern and birth weight.

  9. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seroprevalence among Inmates of the Penitentiary Complex of the Region of Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Neusa Maria Osti

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Six hundred and ninety three male inmates from three penitentiaries, two (A and B maximum-security systems and one (C minimum-security facility, located in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil were studied for the presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV antibodies, using a cross-sectional design. The search for anti-HIV antibodies in 693 samples of sera collected was carried out by two serological tests: (a the Microparticle enzyme immunoassay-HIV-1 and HIV-2 (MEIA (Abbott Laboratories and (b the Western Blot-HIV-1 (WB (Cambridge Biotech Corporation to confirm positive results with MEIA. Sera reactivity for HIV antibodies was 14.4%. The highest frequency of anti-HIV antibodies was found in the A and B maximum-security prisons: 17% and 21.5%, respectively. In prison C, the frequency of reagents was 10.9%. Seventy three inmates, initially negative in the MEIA test, were checked again five and seven months later. Three of them, all from the maximum-security facilities, became reactive in the MEIA test, with confirmation in the WB, suggesting that serological conversion had occurred after imprisonment.

  10. A population-based surveillance study on severe acute maternal morbidity (near-miss and adverse perinatal outcomes in Campinas, Brazil: The Vigimoma Project

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    Cecatti José

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Auditing of sentinel health events based on best-practice protocols has been recommended. This study describes a population-based investigation on adverse perinatal events including severe acute maternal morbidity (near-miss, maternal and perinatal mortality, as a health intervention to help improve the surveillance system. Methods From October to December 2005, all cases of maternal death (MD, near-miss (NM, fetal deaths (FD, and early neonatal deaths (END, occurring in Campinas, Brazil, were audited by maternal mortality committees. Results A total of 4,491 liveborn infants (LB and 159 adverse perinatal events (35.4/1000 LB were revised, consisting of 4 MD (89/100.000 LB and 95 NM (21.1/1000 LB, 23.7 NM for each MD. In addition, 32 FD (7.1/1000 LB and 28 END (6.2/1000 LB occurred. The maternal death/near miss rate was 23.7:1. Some delay in care was recognized for 34%, and hypertensive complications comprised 57.8% of the NM events, followed by postpartum hemorrhage. Conclusion Auditing near miss cases expanded the understanding of the spectrum from maternal morbidity to mortality and the importance of promoting adhesion to clinical protocols among maternal mortality committee members. Hypertensive disorders and postpartum hemorrhage were identified as priority topics for health providers training, and organization of care.

  11. Aspergillus bertholletius sp. nov. from Brazil Nuts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taniwaki, Marta H.; Pitt, John I.; Iamanaka, Beatriz T.

    2012-01-01

    During a study on the mycobiota of brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa) in Brazil, a new Aspergillus species, A. bertholletius, was found, and is described here. A polyphasic approach was applied using morphological characters, extrolite data as well as partial beta-tubulin, calmodulin and ITS...... sequences to characterize this taxon. A. bertholletius is represented by nineteen isolates from samples of brazil nuts at various stages of production and soil close to Bertholletia excelsa trees. The following extrolites were produced by this species: aflavinin, cyclopiazonic acid, kojic acid, tenuazonic...

  12. Methodology to evaluate the energy associated to the industrial solid wastes: application in a metropolitan region of Campinas, Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Metodologia para avaliacao da energia associada ao residuo solido industrial: aplicacao a regiao metropolitada de Campinas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Batista, Tereza Rosana Orrico [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Curso de Pos-graduacao em Planejamento de Sistemas Energeticos; Teixeira, Egle Novaes [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Silva, Ennio Peres da [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico. Lab. de Hidrogenio

    2004-07-01

    The aim of this work is to the application of a methodology to evaluate the energy associated to the industrial solid wastes in the metropolitan region of Campinas. The methodological route proposed is: the characterization of the research area and the production/management of the industrial solid wastes; the energetic classification and the qualitative/quantitative research of the energy associated to the industrial solid wastes; and, the valuation of the applicability of the energetic utilization mechanisms proposed to the region. This methodology when applied at the Campinas metropolitan region proved to be valid and it resulted in a synthetically presentation of the social and environmental reality of the industrial sector and the destination of the wastes, as well as it indicated the potentialities related to the energetic utilization of the industrial solid waste in the region. With the obtained results it was shown the importance of the the production and the destination of the industrial solid wastes in the Campinas metropolitan region , and the meaning, in terms of electric potency, of the values of the energy associated to the wastes with a known factor of energetic conversion shown in the researched sample. (author)

  13. SURVEY OF DEOXYNIVALENOL, DIACETOXYSCIRPENOL, AND T2 TOXIN IN POPCORN HYBRIDS PLANTED IN THE STATE OF SÃO PAULO AND IN POPCORN COMMERCIALIZED IN THE CITY OF CAMPINAS, SP

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    OLIVEIRA Adriana de Queiroz

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of the trichothecenes deoxynivalenol (DON, diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS, and T2 toxin (T2 in popcorn was investigated in 90 samples, belonging to 2 commercial and 28 experimental hybrids planted at experimental stations of the Agronomic Institute of Campinas at the locations of Campinas, Mococa, and Capão Bonito, and in 15 samples of popcorn, 9 branded and 6 unbranded, acquired from commercial outlets in the city of Campinas, SP. The samples were analyzed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detector combined with an alumina:carbon cleanup column. The detection limits were 30ng/g for DON, 50ng/g for DAS, and 40ng/g for T2. Five samples were contaminated with DON, four of them commercial and one from an experimental cultivar. The level of contamination in the commercial samples ranged from 30 to 40ng/g. The sample from the experimental cultivar contained 770ng/g DON. DAS and T2 were not detected in any of the popcorn samples analyzed.

  14. Aspergillus bertholletius sp. nov. from Brazil nuts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta H Taniwaki

    Full Text Available During a study on the mycobiota of brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa in Brazil, a new Aspergillus species, A. bertholletius, was found, and is described here. A polyphasic approach was applied using morphological characters, extrolite data as well as partial β-tubulin, calmodulin and ITS sequences to characterize this taxon. A. bertholletius is represented by nineteen isolates from samples of brazil nuts at various stages of production and soil close to Bertholletia excelsa trees. The following extrolites were produced by this species: aflavinin, cyclopiazonic acid, kojic acid, tenuazonic acid and ustilaginoidin C. Phylogenetic analysis using partial β-tubulin and camodulin gene sequences showed that A. bertholletius represents a new phylogenetic clade in Aspergillus section Flavi. The type strain of A. bertholletius is CCT 7615 ( = ITAL 270/06 = IBT 29228.

  15. Aspergillus bertholletius sp. nov. from Brazil Nuts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniwaki, Marta H.; Pitt, John I.; Iamanaka, Beatriz T.; Sartori, Daniele; Copetti, Marina V.; Balajee, Arun; Fungaro, Maria Helena P.; Frisvad, Jens C.

    2012-01-01

    During a study on the mycobiota of brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa) in Brazil, a new Aspergillus species, A. bertholletius, was found, and is described here. A polyphasic approach was applied using morphological characters, extrolite data as well as partial β-tubulin, calmodulin and ITS sequences to characterize this taxon. A. bertholletius is represented by nineteen isolates from samples of brazil nuts at various stages of production and soil close to Bertholletia excelsa trees. The following extrolites were produced by this species: aflavinin, cyclopiazonic acid, kojic acid, tenuazonic acid and ustilaginoidin C. Phylogenetic analysis using partial β-tubulin and camodulin gene sequences showed that A. bertholletius represents a new phylogenetic clade in Aspergillus section Flavi. The type strain of A. bertholletius is CCT 7615 ( = ITAL 270/06 = IBT 29228). PMID:22952594

  16. VARIABILIDADE PLUVIOMÉTRICA DE ALGUNS MUNICÍPIOS DA REGIÃO METROPOLITANA DE CAMPINAS (SP EM DOIS PERÍODOS HOMOGÊNEOS / Rainfall variability in some municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Campinas (SP in two homogeneous periods

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    Daniel Alves de Aguiar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to evaluate the spatio-temporal variability of rainfall in some municipalities ofthe Metropolitan Region of Campinas, SP. Rainfall data were analyzed at annual and seasonallevels, in view of comparing their differences along time and space. Data of six rain gauges werechosen: Americana (1, Santa Bárbara d’Oeste (2, Cosmópolis (1, Jaguariúna (1 and Holambra(1. The total period investigated encompassed data from 1953 to 1997, divided into two sets,compared between them: PI (1953-1974 and PII (1975-1997. Periods that present lower rainfallamounts have higher values of coefficient of variation, i.e., there is higher variability of rainfalldistribution in the years which have lower totals, and in the winter. PII was more variable, fact thatcould be associated with some large scale phenomena (PDO and/or El Niño. Results might be used by different agents (government, private sector, society and can support habitation plans,industrial and agricultural locations and other sort of municipal projects.

  17. Compressed natural gas as a vehicle to promote development of consumer market in Campina Grande - PB (Brazil); O gas natural comprimido como fomentador do desenvolvimento do mercado consumidor de gas natural na regiao de Campina Grande - PB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonfim, Marcelo dos Santos; Santos, Edmilson Moutinho dos [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Eletrotecnica e Energia. Programa Interunidades de Pos-Graduacao em Energia (PIPGE)

    2004-07-01

    Investments required for natural gas distribution networks are high. The use of compressed natural gas (CNG) is seen as a way to prepare and develop consuming markets to receive those networks. This paper outlines the socio-economic context and the reasons that motivated the creation of a CNG project in Campina Grande, in the state of Paraiba. Technical aspects of project implementation are described, including difficulties encountered and courses of action undertaken as a result. Other aspects considered include the social and economic impact and local consumer's expectations with the arrival of new fuel. The study also considers factors relevant to the project such as the distance from the pressure measurement and regulation station, transported volumes, technology used, infrastructure and road conditions. (author)

  18. Analysis of the electric power residential consumption profile considering the possession of solar heater. Case study: Barao Geraldo district, Campinas, Sao Paulo State; Analise do perfil de consumo de energia eletrica residencial por posse de aquecedor solar (1999-2003). Estudo de caso: distrito de Barao Geraldo, Campinas, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varella, Fabiana Karla de Oliveira Martins; Pereira, Jose Tomaz Vieira [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica. Dept. de Energia]. E-mails: fkv@fem.unicamp.br; tomaz@unicamp.br

    2006-07-01

    The objective of the work is to analyze the profile of electric energy consumption in Barao Geraldo district households (Campinas - SP), by solar water heater ownership, on the period between 1999 and 2003. The study concluded that the households with solar heaters have a higher electric energy consumption than the ones which does not have it. It is important to say that, during the study, it was not compared the households consumption before and after the solar collectors installation. Therefore, we can not conclude if the increase has some relation with the solar collector installation or not. This study is sequence of an article already presented in the annals of the 2004 Brazilian Energy Congress (Congresso Brasileiro de Energia - CBE). (author)

  19. Vicissitudes e Permanências: Produção, Saúde e Urbanização na Região de Campinas - SP

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    Kleber Pinto Silva

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the building of public health facilities in the city and in the region of Campinas as part of the social, economical and political process that transforms society permanently. This means that the development of these towns, like every one of their architectural and urbanistical elements, shows us the material face of those processes. The public health queries and their spaces also appear as one of these materialities. In complementary way, another problem appears in this study: the repercussions the urban structurituration on the regional design process. Based on these assumptions part of the city and the region of Campinas urban history, is related, describing the organization of its health system from 1850 until 1970

  20. Organization of cervical cancer screening in Campinas and surrounding region, São Paulo State, Brazil Organização do rastreamento do câncer do colo uterino em Campinas e região, São Paulo, Brasil

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    Luiz Carlos Zeferino

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Cervical cancer screening remains a challenge in developing countries due to a complex array of problems. This paper aimed to describe the experience with organization of cervical cancer screening in three districts of Campinas and the surrounding region in São Paulo State, Brazil, and to report the resulting data. The program was organized in a pyramid format, and the health care hierarchy was defined according to the complexity and total number of medical procedures. Screening has been extended currently to 88 municipalities, of which 51 are equipped with colposcopy and eight have facilities for treating advanced cervical cancer. The standardized incidence rate for cervical cancer in Campinas was 14.2/100,000 women per year in 1993-1995, and the standardized mortality rate per district ranged from 2.7 to 3.0 per 100,000 women in 1997-1998. This project has clearly shown that hierarchical and decentralized organization of health procedures is a necessary condition for achieving the goals of an effective cervical cancer screening program.O programa de rastreamento do câncer do colo uterino ainda é um desafio para os países em desenvolvimento devido a uma série complexa de problemas. Este estudo objetivou descrever a experiência adquirida com a organização e mostrar alguns dados sobre o rastreamento deste câncer em três distritos de Campinas e região, São Paulo, Brasil. A hierarquia das ações de saúde foi estabelecida de acordo com a complexidade dos procedimentos e do total destes procedimentos que precisavam ser realizados. Atualmente, o rastreamento se estende a 88 municípios, dos quais 51 realizam colposcopia e oito têm serviços para tratar câncer avançado do colo uterino. A taxa de incidência ajustada em Campinas foi de 14,2/100 mil mulheres por ano em 1993-1995, e a taxa de mortalidade ajustada por distrito variou entre 2,7 e 3,0 por 100 mil mulheres em 1997-1998. De acordo com a experiência adquirida, a organiza

  1. Mortalidad por causas externas en tres ciudades latinoamericanas: Córdoba (Argentina, Campinas (Brasil y Medellín (Colombia, 1980-2005 Mortalidade por causas externas em três cidades latino-americanas: Córdoba (Argentina, Campinas (Brasil e Medellín (Colômbia, 1980-2005 Mortality from external causes in three Latin American cities: Córdoba (Argentina, Campinas (Brazil and Medellín (Colombia, 1980-2005

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    Doris Cardona

    2008-12-01

    descriptive study from secondary sources is presented, using vital statistics from Cordoba (Argentina, Campinas (Brazil and Medellin (Colombia during three different periods between 1980 and 2005. The following subgroups of external causes are studied: homicides by firearms and other weapons, traffic accidents, and suicides and deaths with unspecified intentions. The data was disaggregated by age and sex, with rates calculated for the medians of the next three census years. RESULTS: The levels for Medellin are significantly higher than those seen in Campinas and Cordoba for all external causes studied. Young men constitute the group with the highest mortality. The levels in Campinas are twice those seen in Cordoba, especially in homicides and traffic accidents, but the suicide rates of Cordoba are double those in Campinas. For Medellin the rates were highest around 1990, unlike the two other cities where the trend grew between 1980 and 2000 and declined between 2001 and 2005. CONCLUSIONS: The availability of quality data on mortality allows comparisons among the populations studied. When comparing mortality from external causes, considerable differences in the levels and trends can be seen, but there are fewer differences observed on the data for age and sex. These data were collected from cities with similarities, as they are all three important university centers with industrial development that has been important for their countries. The results suggest that socioeconomic and demographic factors are insufficient to explain the great differences in the data reported.

  2. Proposta de modelo de gerenciamento interno de residuos de serviços de saude - Centro Medico - Campinas, S.P

    OpenAIRE

    Veronica Lemos Fonseca de Lima e Castro

    1995-01-01

    Resumo: o presente trabalho consiste na caracterizaçãodos resíduos sólidos, de umestabelecimento hospitalar e de um modelo de gerenciamento interno destes resíduos. Otrabalho foi realizado em um hospital de pequeno porte, o Centro Médico de CampinasS.P., e tem como objetivo principal a elaboração do modelo de gerenciamento interno ecomo objetivos secundários a análise do consumo de materiais das principais áreas deatendimento e o seu potencial de minimização. É dada importância aos produtosde...

  3. Consequências da vasectomia: experiência de homens que se submeteram à cirurgia em Campinas (São Paulo, Brasil Consequences of vasectomy: experience of men who underwent the surgery in Campinas (São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nádia Maria Marchi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a experiência de homens vasectomizados há pelo menos um ano em serviços públicos de saúde de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo. Procedimentos metodológicos: estudo descritivo com um componente qualitativo e outro quantitativo. Para a etapa qualitativa, realizaram-se 10 entrevistas semiestruturadas com homens selecionados de acordo com critérios propositais de escolaridade e número de filhos. Em seguida, foi aplicado um formulário estruturado a 202 homens, sorteados a partir da lista completa daqueles que haviam sido vasectomizados entre 1998 e 2004. Realizou-se análise temática do conteúdo das entrevistas semiestruturadas. Os dados quantitativos foram digitados e foi realizada análise descritiva. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que 97% dos homens estavam satisfeitos por terem feito a cirurgia e poucos referiram efeitos indesejados. Entre os poucos homens insatisfeitos, apenas um havia feito a reversão da cirurgia porque vivia com uma nova companheira e queria ter filhos; entre os demais a insatisfação devia-se à dor provocada pelo procedimento cirúrgico. A maioria dos entrevistados atribuiu à vasectomia mudanças para melhor sobre sua saúde, corpo, relacionamento em geral com a família e com a esposa, na vida sexual e na situação econômica. Prevaleceu a ideia de que a vasectomia só trouxera benefícios. A possibilidade de arrependimento foi mencionada pelos entrevistados como algo que não aconteceria com eles. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo permitiram verificar que os homens que optam pela vasectomia tendem a ver o método como fator de mudanças positivas, principalmente sobre a vida sexual e o relacionamento com a companheira e a família em geral.OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of men who had a vasectomy at least one year before at public healthcare services at Campinas, State of São Paulo. Methodological procedures: descriptive study with a qualitative and a quantitative component. In the

  4. Plantas ornamentais e seus recursos para abelhas no campus da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Resources of ornamental plants for bee on campus of the State University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Kayna Agostini

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta um estudo florístico e fenológico das plantas ornamentais arbóreas e arbustivas, visitadas por abelhas no campus da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo. Os registros sobre as plantas foram feitos de maio de 1999 a abril de 2000, obtendo-se 42 espécies de plantas. Cerca de 43% apresentou pico de floração no período úmido, 33% no período seco e 24% em ambos os períodos, não havendo sazonalidade marcada. A maioria das espécies, cerca de 72%, apresentou padrão de floração anual. As famílias mais representativas foram Leguminosae e Bombacaceae com 13 e 5 espécies respectivamente. Dentre as espécies estudadas predominaram flores brancas e o tipo floral aberto. As observações sobre as abelhas que visitavam as flores foram feitas de maio de 2000 a fevereiro de 2001, tendo sido registradas 17 espécies de abelhas. Essas abelhas podiam realizar visitas legítimas e/ou ilegítimas às flores. Os recursos utilizados pelas abelhas foram, principalmente, pólen e néctar e, na maioria das espécies de plantas, ambas as substâncias foram utilizadas. Apis mellifera, Trigona spinipes e Tetragonisca angustula, abelhas consideradas generalistas e Xylocopa frontalis e Bombus morio, consideradas mais especializadas, foram as cinco espécies que visitaram as flores de maior quantidade de espécies de plantas. Essas informações podem ser úteis para a elaboração de planos de manejo em ambientes urbanos visando à utilização de plantas ornamentais adequadas para atender maior diversidade de abelhas.A floristic and phenological study of ornamental, arboreal and shrubby species visited by bees was carried out on the campus of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo. Data on the species were recorded from May 1999 to April 2000. During this period 42 flowering species in flower were evaluated, of these 43% flowered in the wet season, 33% in the dry season and 24% in both seasons, without marked

  5. Alimentação fora do domicílio de consumidores do município de Campinas, São Paulo Eating away-from-home of consumers from Campinas city, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Michele Sanches

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar, em uma amostra não probabilística de indivíduos, a frequência de consumo de refeições realizadas fora do domicílio e os tipos de estabelecimentos mais utilizados para realizar o almoço. MÉTODOS: Entrevistou-se, em janeiro de 2006, por meio de questionário pré-testado, uma amostra por probabilística de 250 consumidores - 125 do sexo masculino e 125 do sexo feminimo -, adultos, residentes no município de Campinas. Para identificar diferenças significativas entre a frequência com que o consumidor costuma almoçar em diferentes locais e sua opinião com relação aos fatores que influenciam a escolha dos estabelecimentos de acordo com variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas, foram utilizados o teste t de Student, a análise da variância e o teste Least Square Difference de Fisher. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 38,8% e 30,4%, respectivamente, relataram almoçar de quatro a sete vezes e jantar de uma a três vezes por semana fora do domicílio. Uma parcela de 35,2% dos consumidores apontou almoçar frequentemente e muito frequentemente em restaurantes a quilo e self service. Entre os fatores importantes para a escolha dos estabelecimentos, destacou-se, como muitíssimo importante, a higiene dos funcionários e do local. Foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes (pOBJECTIVE: This study analyzed how often non probabilistic sample of individuals ate away from home and the types of establishments they preferred for having lunch. METHODS: In January 2006, a pretested questionnaire was administered to a non probabilistic sample of 250 consumers (125 males and 125 females from the municipality of Campinas. The Student's t-test, analysis of variance and Fisher's Least Square Difference were used to identify the significant differences between how often someone has lunch in different places and his opinion on the factors that influence his choice of establishment according to socioeconomic and

  6. Avaliação dos óleos e gorduras de fritura de estabelecimentos comerciais da cidade de Campinas/ SP. As boas práticas de fritura estão sendo atendidas?
    Evaluation of frying fats and oils from commercial establishments of the city of Campinas/SP.

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    C. C. OSAWA

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    A fritura é um método rápido de cocção, em que há transferência de calor do óleo de fritura para o alimento, propiciando características sensoriais únicas de aroma, textura e sabor. Por ser um método bastante conveniente, é amplamente empregado em serviços de alimentação. No entanto, a qualidade dos alimentos fritos depende principalmente do tipo e da qualidade do óleo usado na fritura. Devido à ação da água presente nos alimentos à elevada temperatura de fritura (em torno de 180ºC e ao oxigênio do ar, ocorre uma série de reações químicas, gerando compostos de degradação que nem sempre são benéfi cos à saúde. Por conta disso, o descarte do óleo de fritura deve ser monitorado, através de métodos físico-químicos, tais como ácidos graxos livres e compostos polares. Atualmente, não há legislação no Brasil para avaliar os óleos descartados. Há apenas recomendações de boas práticas de fritura. Este trabalho objetivou, portanto, avaliar o processo de fritura de 13 estabelecimentos comerciais de Campinas/SP, analisar os óleos descartados e recomendar medidas corretivas. Os resultados deste estudo comprovaram que, embora os estabelecimentos careçam de informações sobre o processo de fritura, os óleos e gorduras descartados, em geral, não apresentaram condições abusivas de uso e poderiam ser utilizados por mais tempo. Embora nada se possa afi rmar sobre a qualidade sensorial dos alimentos fritos e aceitação dos consumidores, é de extrema importância o atendimento às boas práticas de frituras por parte dos produtores de alimentos fritos.

  7. A avaliação dos usuários sobre os Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS de Campinas, SP

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    Luciana Togni de Lima e Silva Surjus

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da avaliação dos Centros de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS de Campinas, sob a perspectiva dos seus usuários por meio do desenvolvimento de estudo hermenêutico-narrativo. Percebe-se que os CAPS são os únicos espaços reconhecidos com potência terapêutica pelos usuários, que relataram transformações efetivas em suas trajetórias, principalmente em sua relação com a doença e na construção de sentidos para o tratamento. A participação de pacientes portadores de transtornos mentais graves em pesquisa avaliativa se mostrou viável, apesar de se tratar de exercício pouco explorado no Brasil.

  8. Tendência dos acidentes de trânsito em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil: importância crescente dos motociclistas Trends in traffic accidents in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil: the increasing involvement of motorcyclists

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    Leticia Marín-León

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de descrever a tendência de ocorrência de acidentes de trânsito, sua mortalidade, tipo de veículo envolvido, tamanho da frota e perfil das vítimas em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, entre 1995 e 2008, foram estimadas taxas de motorização e ocorrência de acidentes, letalidade, mortalidade proporcional, taxas de mortalidade e razões entre taxas. A frota de motocicletas cresceu 241%. Apesar da queda da letalidade dos acidentes de ocupantes de motos entre 2000 e 2008, esta categoria representou 49,3% do total de acidentes fatais em vias públicas em 2008. As motos foram responsáveis pelas maiores taxas de atropelamento (66,7 atropelados/mil acidentes e de atropelamentos seguidos de morte (4 óbitos/mil acidentes. Os homens mantiveram risco de morrer no trânsito muito superior ao das mulheres. Nos atropelamentos, predominaram elevadas taxas de mortalidade em idosos; entre os ocupantes de veículos, os mais atingidos foram os de 15 a 29 anos. Na faixa de 15 a 39 anos, entre 2006 e 2008, quase 80% eram ocupantes de moto. Ações pluri-institucionais devem priorizar a prevenção de acidentes entre motociclistas.In order to describe trends in traffic accidents, mortality, vehicle types, fleet sizes, and victims' characteristics in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, from 1995 to 2008, this study analyzed vehicle rates, traffic accident rates per inhabitant and per vehicle, case-fatality rates, proportional mortality, mortality rates, and rates ratios. The motorcycle fleet increased 241%. Although the case-fatality rate of motorcycle users from 2000 to 2008 decreased, in 2008 they accounted for 49.3% of fatal accidents on public byways in Campinas. Motorcycles were responsible for the highest run-over rate (66.7 pedestrians/1,000 accidents and highest pedestrian fatality rate (4 deaths/1,000 accidents. Men showed much higher mortality rates than women. Pedestrian victims were mainly elderly; most vehicle occupants in traffic

  9. Geologia e pedologia da bacia glacial no distrito de Sousas, Campinas, SP Geology and pedology of a glacial basin found in the Sousas area

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    Adolpho José Melfi

    1962-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho refere-se à geologia e pedología de uma bacia sedimentar glacial, situada no distrito de Sousas, Município de Campinas, em região de rochas pré-cambrianas. Os estudos geológicos constaram da elaboração de mapa geológico, baseado em fotografias aéreas, na escala média de 1:14 000 e mapa topográfico na escala de 1:5000; reconhecimento das rochas e esbôço estrutural da bacia. Quando à pedología, foram feitas caracterizações morfo-pedogenétícas dos solos por meio de perfis e determinações das classes texturais através de análise granulométrica.A glacial basin was found in the Sousas area, Campinas County, surrounded by pre-Cambrian rocks and not connected with the Paraná sedimentary basin which possesses a similar formation. Geological studies were carried out consisting of petrographie identifications, structural sketch of the basin, delimitation of its occurrence, and mapping of its geological limits. The field delimitation was done by means of aerial photographs (average scale 1:14, 000 and topographic maps (scale 1:5, 000. The pedological studies that were performed consisted in taking soil profiles for morphological and genetic characterization of the great soil groups and collection of samples for textural analysis.

  10. Morbidade materna grave em um hospital universitário de referência municipal em Campinas, Estado de São Paulo Severe maternal morbidity at a local reference university hospital in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Gomes Luz

    2008-06-01

    at the Hospital e Maternidade Celso Pierro, Campinas, São Paulo, between October 2005 and July 2006, identified from infirmary, admission and delivery unit logbooks. Pregnant and post-partum women with severe maternal morbidity were identified according to clinical criteria proposed by Waterstone. Later, cases with more severe morbidity, called extremely severe maternal morbidity, were reclassified using Mantel criteria, based on organic dysfunction and clinical management. RESULTS: there were 114 severe maternal morbidity cases among 2,207 birth deliveries, with a ratio of other severe morbidity and extremely severe morbidity near miss of 44.9 and 6.8 cases/1,000 live births, respectively. Mean gestational age at delivery was 35 weeks, and 87% came from the reference area for the maternity service. Hypertension (severe pre-eclampsia represented 96% of other severe morbidity, while hemorrhage represented 60% of all extremely severe cases, followed by hypertension. The prevalence of extremely severe morbidity among the severe morbidity cases was not associated with marital status, schooling, maternal age, type of delivery, parity, gestational age at birth and home place. CONCLUSIONS: the other morbidities were 6.6 times more frequent than near miss, and it was not possible to differentiate both groups by epidemiological risk factors.

  11. A concepção de um projeto de observatório de qualidade de vida: relato de uma experiência realizada em Campinas - SP

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    Marco Akerman

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Partindo do pressuposto que a construção de uma Cidade Saudável exige esforços de todos seus moradores e que para que isto possa ser realizado a partir de bases científicas, os autores deste artigo apresentam a experiência do Projeto Observatório de Qualidade de Vida de Campinas com vistas à construção de um instrumento, indicador de qualidade de vida. As fases descritas foram as seguintes: mobilização intersetorial; conceituação e localização de áreas administrativas a áreas de planejametno com bases espaciais para o projeto urbanístico a ser realizado por futuras secretarias de ação regionais; construção do indicador de qualidade de vida propriamente dito a partir das bases de dados demográficos de 1991; discussões e recomendações. Tal exercício lançou bases para a consolidação de um instrumetal eficiente e factível de monitoramento contínuo de um processo intersetorial de melhoria de qualidade de vida, tal qual propõe a OMS para Cidades Saudáveis.Given the assumption that the construction of a Healthy City demands a joint effort of all its inhabitants and that this is possible from a scientific basis the authors of the text present the experience of the Campinas Quality of Life Observatory Project that aims at the design of a quality of life index instrument. The phases described are the first intersectorial mobilization, conceptualization and localization of administrative and planning areas with special basis for the urbanistic project to be developed by future regional scope administrations. Second, the construction of the quality of life index itself from the 1991 demographic database and next discussions and recommendations. Such exercise has laid the bases for the consolidation of an efficient and feasible tool of continuous monitoring of an intersectorial process of quality of life betterment such as the one proposed by WHO for Healthy Cities.

  12. Estudo de operações city logistics para aumento da competitividade em uma empresa de aparelhos auditivos na cidade de Campinas-SP

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    David Costa Monteiro

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Discute-se no presente artigo as possibilidades de operação logística viabilizada a partir das necessidades e das ideias patrocinadas por uma empresa que comercializa aparelhos auditivos na cidade de Campinas, no interior paulista, que para enfrentar os sérios problemas logísticos de distribuição de aparelhos auditivos nessa cidade, precisou inovar no campo da distribuição de seus produtos. Contextualiza-se que a logística muitas vezes é algo intuitivo, o que, na prática, costuma levar o gestor justamente ao estudo da temática, merecedora sempre de ratificação e permanente estudo. Objetivou-se rever questões centrais da logística, especificamente objetivando-se expor como a disciplina de fato auxiliou determinada organização a resolver problema concreto de distribuição de seus produtos. O percurso metodológico passa por revisão de literatura e estudo de caso, justificando-se a pesquisa pelo seu elevado valor prático. Os resultados obtidos apontam a validade da solução adotada por determinada empresa, esta constante de dirigir-se até onde o cliente estava por intermédio de vendedores especializados, apresentando a medida a recuperação e um aumento significativo da clientela da companhia estudada.

  13. Analysis of the changes in the consumption profile of the system use gas in Bolivia-Brazil Gas Pipeline after integration with the Campinas-Rio Gas Pipeline; Analise das alteracoes do perfil de consumo de gas de sistema no Gasoduto Bolivia-Brasil apos a interligacao deste gasoduto com o Campinas-Rio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Almir Beserra dos; Bisaggio, Helio da Cunha; Veloso, Luciano de Gusmao [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The natural gas pipeline transport is carried out by one or more compression stations. Each station possesses one or more compressors. The compressor's fuel is usually natural gas itself. The amount of natural gas consumed by the compressors fluctuates daily according to the demand at the city-gates. The daily operational result of a pipeline is known as imbalance. The imbalance is the difference between the natural gas entering into a in a pipeline and the volume delivered in the city-gates added to system use gas. The imbalance analyses in a pipeline that uses natural gas powered compressors requires the analyses of the system use gas. The aim of this work is to study the system use gas in the Bolivia-Brazil pipeline using the available data from the Superintendencia de Comercializacao e Movimentacao de Petroleo, seus Derivados e Gas Natural - ANP and compare the change of the volume consumed before and after the entry into operation of the Campinas-Rio gas pipeline. (author)

  14. Contents of folates in edible mushrooms commercialised in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil Teor de folatos em cogumelos comestíveis comercializados na cidade de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil

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    Regina Prado Zanes Furlani

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, folates were evaluated in the main species of mushroom cultivated in Brazil. The species analysed were Agaricus bisporus (button mushroom, Lentinula edodes (shiitake and Pleorotus ostreatus (shimeji. The five main forms of folate found in foods were determined: tetrahydrofolic acid (THFA, 10-methyl folic acid (10MFA, 5-methyl tetrahydrofolic acid (5MTHFA, 10-formyl folic acid (10FFA and 5-formy tetrahydrofolic acid (5FTHFA. The methodology employed used extraction with phosphate buffer, clean up with trichloroacetic acid and separation of the vitamins by high-performance liquid chromatography, with simultaneous ultraviolet and fluorescence detection. The results obtained for total folate were 551 to 1404 µg.100 g -1 for the button mushroom, 606 to 727 µg.100 g -1 for shiitake and 460 to 1325 µg.100 g-1 for shimeji. The data showed that mushrooms could be considered as sources of folates and that their contribution of these vitamins to the diet was meaningful.O teor de folatos nas principais espécies de cogumelos cultivados no Brasil foi avaliado neste trabalho. As espécies analisadas foram Agaricus bisporus (champignon de Paris, Lentinula edodes (shiitake e Pleorotus ostreatus (shimeji. Foram determinadas as cinco principais formas de folatos presentes em alimentos: tetrahidro ácido fólico (THAF, 10-metil ácido fólico (10MAF, 5-metil tetrahidro ácido fólico (5MTHAF, 10-formil ácido fólico (10FAF e 5formil tetrahidro ácido fólico (5FTHAF. A metodologia empregada utilizou extração com tampão fosfato, limpeza com ácido tricloroacético e separação das vitaminas por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência, com detecção em série por fluorescência e ultravioleta. Os resultados obtidos para o total de folatos foram 551 a 1404 µg.100 g -1 para o champignon de Paris, 606 a 727 µg.100 g -1 para o shiitake e 460 a 1325 µg.100 g -1 para o shimeji. Os dados mostram que os cogumelos podem ser considerados fontes

  15. Comparação da aplicação da remediação em areas degradadas e da implantação de sistemas integrados nas cidades de Campinas (SP), Americana (SP), Porto Alegre (RS) e Caxias do Sul (RS)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodolfo Sergio Ferruccio

    1997-01-01

    Resumo: Este estudo visa a comparação das metodologias utilizadas nos projetos, nas construções e nos sistemas operacionais de aterros acelerados, que possibilitaram a remediação de áreas degradadas pelo método da biorremediação, e implantação de sistemas integrados, nas cidades de Campinas (SP), Americana (SP), Porto Alegre (RS) e Caxias do Sul (RS). Pretende-se avaliar a evolução técnica em termos de projeto, construção, e operação do aterro sanitário acelerado e sistema integrado, através ...

  16. Selection and characterization of carotenoid-producing yeasts from Campinas region, Brazil Seleção e caracterização de leveduras produtoras decarotenóides na região de Campinas, Brasil

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    Iriani R. Maldonade

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to select and identify yeasts from Brazil capable of producing carotenoids. Pigmented yeasts were isolated from soil, leaves, fruits, flowers and a processed product. The samples were incubated at 30ºC in Erlenmeyer flasks, containing YM broth. After 48 hours, they were inoculated in Petri dishes with YM agar, and incubated at 30ºC during 120 hours. The yeast colonies, which presented yellow to red coloration, were transferred to culture tubes containing YM agar, and incubated at 30ºC for 72 hours. Out of 242 samples, only five had yellow to red color at high intensity. These highly pigmented yeasts were re-isolated in Petri dishes with YM agar and then transferred to tubes with GPYM agar. Identification through morphological and reproduction characteristics, along with physiological and biochemical tests, classified four strains as R. mucilaginosa and one strain as R. graminis. The main carotenoids extracted from them were identified through HPLC analysis as beta-carotene and torulene. The strains showed potential as promising microorganisms for the commercial production of carotenoids.Este trabalho teve como objetivo selecionar e identificar leveduras encontradas no Brasil capazes de produzir carotenóides. As leveduras pigmentadas foram isoladas de amostras de solos, folhas, frutos, flores e um alimento processado. As amostras foram colocadas em frascos de erlenmeyer, contendo meio de Extrato de Malte e Levedura (YM, e incubadas a 30ºC. Após 48 horas, as amostras foram inoculadas em placas de petri contendo meio YM ágar e incubadas a 30ºC por 120 horas. As colônias, que apresentaram coloração entre amarelo e vermelho, foram transferidas para os tubos de culturas, contendo meio YM ágar e incubadas a 30ºC por 72 horas. Das 242 amostras, somente cinco delas apresentaram coloração intensa entre amarelo e vermelho. Estas colônias de leveduras foram reisoladas, em placas de petri contendo YM

  17. Prevalências de ideação, plano e tentativa de suicídio: um inquérito de base populacional em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and attempted suicide: a population-based survey in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Neury José Botega

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi estimar as prevalências ao longo da vida de ideação, planos e tentativas de suicídio na população. Quinhentos e quinze indivíduos residentes em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, foram selecionados utilizando-se amostragem estratificada por conglomerados e avaliados por entrevista do Estudo Multicêntrico de Intervenção no Comportamento Suicida. Calculamos prevalências ponderadas, com os respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%. As prevalências foram de 17,1% (IC95%: 12,9;21,2 para ideação, 4,8% (IC95%: 2,8;6,8 para planos e 2,8% (IC95%: 0,09;4,6 para tentativas de suicídio. O comportamento suicida foi mais freqüente em mulheres e em adultos jovens. A existência de um plano de como tirar a própria vida, em termos de freqüência, situa-se próximo da tentativa (relação de 5:3. De cada três tentativas de suicídio, apenas uma chegou a ser atendida em um serviço médico. As prevalências se assemelham à maioria dos estudos de outros países. É essencial coletar diretamente na comunidade informações sobre o comportamento suicida, abarcando-o em sua abrangência.This study aimed to estimate the lifetime prevalence rates for suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and attempted suicide, based on a cluster sample of 515 residents of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. The Multisite Intervention Study on Suicidal Behavior interview was performed, and lifetime prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI were calculated. Lifetime prevalence rates were 17.1% (95%CI: 12.9-21.2 for suicidal ideation, 4.8% (95%CI: 2.8-6.8 for suicide plans, and 2.8% (95%CI: 0.09-4.6 for attempted suicide. Suicidal behavior was more frequent among women and young adults. The suicide plan/attempt ratio was approximately 5:3. Only one-third of those who attempted suicide contacted a health service following the attempt. Prevalence rates for suicidal behavior were similar to most studies from other countries. Suicide prevention

  18. Prescrição e uso de formulados para nutrição enteral pelos Serviços de Nutrição Hospitalares do município de Campinas (SP

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    Semíramis Martins Álvares Domene

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available A nutrição enteral como forma de suporte nutricional é um importante recurso na prática terapêutica, respondendo de forma satisfatória aos casos de limitação à ingestão de alimentos por via oral. Contudo, não existem dados locais sobre a utilização de formulados industrializados ou artesanais pelos Serviços de Nutrição. A fim de avaliar a utilização de cada um dos tipos de formulados, bem como identificar o profissional responsável pela prescrição dos mesmos, procedeu-se a um levantamento nos hospitais de Campinas, SP, por meio de questionários. Os resultados mostram que o emprego da nutrição enteral é prática de rotina nos Serviços, e que não há diferença significativa entre a utilização de formulados industrializadas ou artesanais; mostram também que o médico é o profissional responsável pela prescrição da dieta na maior parte dos Serviços.

  19. Valores hematológicos de capivaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris Rodentia:Hydrochoeridae de vida livre na região de Campinas-SP

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    Madella Daniela Alves

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os valores hematológicos de 14 capivaras de vida livre capturadas nos municípios de Campinas, Monte Alegre do Sul e de São João da Boa Vista. Para a obtenção das amostras de sangue, os animais foram anestesiados via intramuscular, mediante associação de cloridrato de xilazina 2% e cloridrato de ketamina 1%, em doses de 4,5mg/kg/pv e 5,0mg/kg/pv, respectivamente. O sangue foi coletado em tubos contendo EDTA. Para a determinação dos números de eritrócitos e leucócitos, foi utilizada a metodologia tradicional da câmara de Neubauer. O hematócrito foi determinado pelo método de microhematócrito e a hemoglobina pelo método da cianometahemoglobina. Para a contagem diferencial de leucócitos, foi utilizada a técnica de Shilling. Os índices hematimétricos (VCM, HCM E CHCM foram determinados com os valores encontrados na série vermelha. Os resultados da série eritrocitária foram: 4,5 x10(6/miL ? 0,2; hemoglobina: 13.5g/dL ? 0,7; hematócrito: 40,4% ? 2; VCM: 90,2 fL ? 0,9; HCM: 30,1 pg ? 0,7; CHCM: 33,3g/dL ? 1. Na série leucocitária: 5,3 x10³/miL ? 2; bastonetes: 1 % ? 2,1; segmentados: 36,6 % ? 19,9; eosinófilos: 3,5 % ? 11,7; basófilos: 0%; linfócitos: 58,8 % ? 19,6; monócitos: 1,5% ? 2,1. Não foram encontrados os mielócitos e metamielócitos.

  20. A Universidade colaborando na construção de um projeto de promoção da saúde: relato de experiência de um grupo de alunos de Medicina da Unicamp, Campinas, SP, Brasil

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    Ana Maria Girotti Sperandio

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de oferecer aos estudantes de graduação em Medicina da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp a vivência de ações de saúde pública, segundo princípios do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS, por meio da elaboração de um projeto coletivo de promoção da saúde ocular de crianças de 0 a 7 anos. Para isto, foi aplicado um questionário para levantar as necessidades em relação à saúde ocular em uma amostra da população usuária do Centro de Saúde Jardim Santa Mônica em Campinas (SP, em 2003. Nele, percebeu-se a falta de informações sobre cuidados básicos com os olhos e de recursos e qualificação profissional para diagnóstico e tratamento, bem como o desconhecimento dos direitos à saúde e a ausência de medidas preventivas, principalmente para crianças. Foi desenvolvido, então, um projeto de ação e aprendizado com alunos, professores, agentes comunitários de saúde e auxiliares de uma creche do bairro, formando uma equipe de trabalho. Foram realizadas oficinas com essa equipe, na perspectiva da promoção e proteção da saúde ocular. Para a sustentabilidade do projeto, o planejamento previu a criação de um banco de óculos para a doação de armações e garantia da confecção para as pessoas com dificuldades financeiras. A experiência da construção e da aplicação do projeto permitiu o conhecimento, na prática, da organização dos serviços e a dinâmica do sistema de saúde, inclusive para compreender alguns limites e sugerir políticas públicas de saúde ocular que correspondam às necessidades da população, apontando-se o papel do médico no desencadeamento de um trabalho coletivo de compartilhamento de saberes e responsabilidades.

  1. Characteristics of violence against women in Campina Grande ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Characteristics of violence against women in Campina Grande, north-eastern Brazil. Lorena Marques Nobrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Italo de Macedo Bernardino, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Efigênia Ferreira Ferreira, Sergio d'Avila ...

  2. Ergonomia e complexidade: o trabalho do gestor na agricultura orgânica na região de Campinas - SP Complexity and ergonomy: the manager work at the organic agriculture in Campinas - SP Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Francisca Bezerra Gemma

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available A lacuna de pesquisas sobre o trabalho humano na agricultura orgânica motivou este estudo, que teve por objetivos caracterizar e compreender o trabalho do gestor no manejo orgânico da produção agrícola. A pesquisa de campo, realizada em duas etapas, permitiu investigar o trabalho dos gestores em Unidades de Produção Agrícola Orgânica (UPAO do interior de São Paulo, por meio da adaptação do método da Análise Ergonômica do Trabalho (AET e de entrevistas estruturadas. Os dados de campo foram posteriormente interpretados à luz da Teoria da Complexidade (TC. Constatou-se que o gestor da agricultura orgânica é responsável por um macrossistema (produção vegetal, produção animal, processamento e serviços, atuando concomitantemente como administrador e executor do trabalho. A grande variedade de produtos oferecidos pela agricultura orgânica gera a necessidade de expertise do gestor no trato com as diferentes espécies vegetais e na sua integração com os demais sistemas de produção. Concluiu-se que o trabalho executado pelos gestores é caracterizado pela diversidade de atividades que precisam ser realizadas e integradas dentro do macrossistema, em associação com os determinantes do processo de certificação num contexto de falta de tecnologia adequada e de cenários incertos e variados. Cabe ao gestor incorporar e transformar em práticas de trabalho os preceitos ecológicos, econômicos e sociais de sustentabilidade, que podem ser contraditórios entre si, integrar essas múltiplas dimensões, por meio do desenvolvimento e da conexão de variados saberes e competências, e elaborar estratégias para superar as diversas dificuldades relacionadas com os aspectos tecnológicos, financeiros e humanos na agricultura orgânica.The lack of research about the human work at the Organic agriculture stimulated this study, which purpose was to characterize and understand the manager's job in managing organic farming. The field research was carried out in two stages, and allowed to investigate managers' work at organic agricultural production units (UPAO from the interior of Sao Paulo state, through an adaptation of the ergonomics' analysis method (AET and structured interviews. The data collected were further interpreted in the light of the complexity theory (TC. It was possible to infer that the organic agricultural manager is accountable for a macro production system (vegetable, animal, processing and services, where the manager acts simultaneously as the administrator and also as the job performer. The wide products variety offered by the organic agriculture demands an expertise from the manager in order to deal with the different vegetable specimens and their integration with the remaining production systems. It was concluded that the work performed by the managers is characterized by the diversity of activities, that need to be prepared and integrated within a macro system, associated with the certification process determinants, in absence of suitable technology context and uncertain and multiple scenarios. It comes to the manager to incorporate and to transform into work practices the ecological, economical and social sustainability principles, which can be contradictory among each other. They can integrate these multiple dimensions through the development and connection of several competences and knowledge, as well as elaborate strategies to overcome multiple difficulties related to the organic agriculture's technological, financial and human aspects.

  3. Seasonal variability of maximum daily rainfall in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil: trends, periodicities, and associated probabilities - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v35i3.16222

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Constantino Blain

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The extreme rainfall events have received especial focus in the climate literature due to their potential for causing soil erosion, runoff and, soil water saturation. Thus, the aims of the study were (i to evaluate the presence of trends, temporal persistence and periodical components in the seasonal maximum daily rainfall values (Preabs obtained from the weather station of Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil (1890-2012 and, (ii to verify the possibility of using the General Extreme Value distribution (GEV for modeling the probability of occurrence of these extreme rainfall events. The spectral analysis carried out on the time-frequency domain has shown no significant periodicity associated with the variance peaks of the time series under analysis. Based on parametric and non parametric methods and also considering the significance levels usually adopted in the scientific literature (10 and 5%, the Preabs values showed no significant climate trend. The results obtained from qualitative and quantitative goodness-of-fit procedures pointed out that a stationary-GEV model, with time-independent parameters, may be used to describe the probabilistic structure of this meteorological variable.  

  4. EVALUATION OF SCENARIOS OF AIR POLLUTANTS EMISSIONS BY THE AIRPORT EXPANSION AND ASSOCIATED INFRASTRUCTURE - CASE STUDY OF THE EXTENSION OF VIRACOPOS AIRPORT AT CAMPINAS, SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL

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    Lucia H.G. Coelho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of the airport segment faces environmental externalities especially related to the increase in emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs from combustion of fossil fuels by the aircraft engine, by the machinery for the maintenance of the planes and also by the vehicles used for passengers connections (private cars, taxicabs or public transportation system. In this scope, the current work presents the case study of the expansion of the Viracopos International Airport at Campinas – São Paulo, Brazil. To evaluate that, the methodology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC was implemented to estimate the emissions of GHGs by aircraft for the years 2008 (before expansion, 2012 (current picture and 2018 (future scenario observing the changes in demand for passengers and cargo transportation. To evaluate the emissions from the vehicles it was used the AIMSUN microsimulation software to estimate emissions in the years 2012 and to simulate sensitivity scenarios for the year 2018. It was found that the inventory of CO2 emissions for both types of transports considered for the Viracopos airport showed similar orders of magnitude, what can be inferred about the equivalent contribution of these two modes on emissions of GHGs for the study area. These results may serve as a basis for establishing emission management plans of air pollutants by the competent organizations and to propose more targeted and effective measures to reduce the GHG emissions by these sources.

  5. Knowledge, attitude and practice of women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: a descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Carmen P; Milanez, Helaine

    2011-11-03

    Pregnancy is a good time to develop healthy lifestyle habits including regular exercise and good nutrition. Programs of physical exercise for pregnant women have been recommended; however, there are few references on this subject in the literature. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of pregnant women with respect to appropriate physical exercise during pregnancy, and also to investigate why some women do not exercise during pregnancy. A descriptive study was conducted in which 161 women of 18 to 45 years of age were interviewed in the third trimester of pregnancy. These women were receiving prenatal care at National Health Service (SUS) primary healthcare units and had no pathologies for which physical exercise would constitute a risk. The women were selected at an ultrasonography clinic accredited to the SUS in Campinas, São Paulo. A previously elaborated knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) questionnaire was used to collect data, which were then stored in an Epinfo database. Statistical analysis was conducted using Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test to evaluate the association between the study variables (p exercise during pregnancy and the vast majority (93.8%) was in favor of it. Nevertheless, only just over 20% of the women in this sample exercised adequately. Significant associations were found between an adequate knowledge of physical exercise during pregnancy and education level (p = 0.0014) and between the adequate practice of physical exercise during pregnancy and having had fewer pregnancies (p = 0.0001). Lack of time and feeling tired and uncomfortable were the principal reasons given by the women for not exercising. These results suggest that women's knowledge concerning the practice of physical exercise during pregnancy is reasonable and their attitude is favorable; however, relatively few actually exercise during pregnancy.

  6. Inquérito de saúde no Município de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil (ISACamp: comparação de estimativas segundo posse de linha telefônica residencial Health survey in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil (ISACamp: comparison of estimates according to ownership of a residential telephone line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O estudo avalia diferenças quanto às características sociodemográficas, de estilo de vida e de condições de saúde entre adultos com e sem linha telefônica residencial, valendo-se de dados de inquérito domiciliar de saúde realizado em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil (2008/2009. Trata-se de estudo transversal de base populacional com 2.637 adultos (18 anos e mais. Análises descritivas, testes qui-quadrado, prevalências e respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança foram calculados. Estimaram-se os vícios associados à não cobertura da população sem telefone antes e após o ajuste de pós-estratificação. O impacto do vício nos intervalos de confiança foi avaliado pela razão de vício. Cerca de 76% dos entrevistados possuíam linha telefônica residencial. Exceto para situação conjugal, foram observadas diferenças sociodemográficas segundo posse de telefone. Após o ajuste de pós-estratificação, houve redução do vício das estimativas para as variáveis associadas à posse de linha telefônica, no entanto, exceto para osteoporose, o ajuste de pós-estratificação foi insuficiente para corrigir o vício de não cobertura.The study assesses differences in socio-demographic, lifestyle, and health-related characteristics among adults with and without residential telephone lines using data from a health survey in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, (2008-2009, through a population-based cross-sectional survey that included 2,637 adults (18 years and older. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, prevalence, and 95% confidence intervals were used in the analysis. Estimates were also made of the bias associated with non-coverage of the population without telephones before and after adjusting for post-stratification. The impact of bias on the confidence intervals was assessed by the bias ratio. Some 76% of respondents owned residential telephone lines. Except for marital status, differences were observed in socio

  7. Vacinação contra influenza em idosos: prevalência, fatores associados e motivos da não-adesão em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Influenza vaccination among elders: prevalence, associated factors, and reasons for noncompliance in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de vacinação contra influenza em idosos e identificar os fatores associados e motivos da não-adesão à imunização. Estudo transversal de base populacional, com amostra estratificada por conglomerados e em dois estágios, realizado em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, em 2008 e 2009. Dos 1.517 idosos, 62,6% referiram vacinação no ano prévio. Atividade ocupacional, atividade física no lazer, diabetes, internação hospitalar e orientação de profissional de saúde estiveram associadas à vacina. Exceto para diabéticos, a vacinação em portadores de condições crônicas não atingiu níveis adequados. Os principais motivos para a não-adesão foram não considerar necessária e crença de que provoca reação. Condições socioeconômicas, estilo de vida e mobilidade física não restringiram o acesso, mas a cobertura esteve abaixo da meta estabelecida pelo Ministério da Saúde. Campanhas focadas nos idosos com 60 a 69 anos e nos portadores de doenças crônicas, bem como orientação do profissional de saúde, podem ampliar as coberturas em grupos que vêm apresentando baixa adesão às campanhas.The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of self-reported influenza vaccination in the elderly, identifying associated factors and reasons for noncompliance, using a cross-sectional population-based design with stratified two-stage cluster sampling in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, in 2008-2009. Among the 1,517 elderly, 62.6% reported vaccination during the previous year. Occupational activity, leisure-time physical activity, self-reported diabetes, hospitalization, and recommendation by a healthcare worker were statistically associated with vaccination. Except for diabetics, vaccination failed to reach adequate levels in elderly with chronic illnesses. Reasons for noncompliance were: not believing it was necessary and fear of reactions. Socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle

  8. Análise da contaminação fúngica em amostras de Cassia acutifolia Delile (sene e Peumus boldus (Molina Lyons (boldo-do-Chile comercializadas na cidade de Campinas, Brasil Analysis of the fungal contamination in Cassia acutifolia Delile (sene and Peumus boldus (Molina Lyons (boldo-do-Chile sold in Campinas, Brazil

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    Liliana de O. Rocha

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A sociedade atual tem buscado a fitoterapia como um importante recurso terapêutico, sendo a avaliação da qualidade microbiológica destes produtos um requisito essencial, considerando a sua origem. Deste modo, o objetivo da pesquisa foi realizar a contagem e a identificação de fungos filamentosos em 20 amostras de folhas de Cassia acutifolia Delile (sene e de Peumus boldus (Molina Lyons (boldo-do-Chile comercializadas em farmácias de manipulação e mercados da cidade de Campinas, Brasil, usando as técnicas microbiológicas clássicas. Os resultados obtidos evidenciaram que 45% das amostras analisadas se situavam fora dos padrões estabelecidos pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas na análise quantitativa da contaminação fúngica entre amostras comercializadas em farmácias de manipulação e mercados, tanto para o boldo-do-Chile como para a sene. Os fungos identificados nestas amostras foram: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Phoma, Cladosporium, Trichoderma, Rhizopus, Mucor, Aureobasidium pullulans, Mycelia sterilia, Acremonium e Monilia sitophila. Estes resultados demonstraram o baixo nível de qualidade desses fitoterápicos, pois, além do elevado número de amostras contaminadas, foram identificados fungos de gêneros produtores de micotoxinas, como o Aspergillus e o Penicillium. Verifica-se a urgência na realização de adequado controle de qualidade microbiológico dos fitoterápicos e de implantação de fiscalização efetiva, para garantir a segurança e eficácia destes produtos.The consumption of medicinal plants has increased during the last years. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and identify fungi specimens present in samples of Cassia acutifolia Delile (20 (sene and Peumus boldus (Molina Lyons (Boldo-do-Chile (20, that were purchased in drugstores and markets of Campinas, Brazil, by usual methods. The results showed that 45% of samples did not fit the minimum

  9. Ganho ponderal e desfechos gestacionais em mulheres atendidas pelo Programa de Saúde da Família em Campina Grande, PB (Brasil Weight gain and gestational outcomes in women attending the Family Health Program in Campina Grande, PB (Brazil

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    Paula Lisiane de Assunção

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o ganho ponderal e sua associação com os desfechos gestacionais em gestantes do Programa de Saúde da Família no município de Campina Grande, PB. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal prospectivo desenvolvido de março de 2005 a março de 2006. O peso gestacional foi avaliado a cada quatro semanas a partir da 16ª semana gestacional. O cálculo do índice de massa corporal seguiu os critérios de Atalah (1997, adotados pelo Ministério da Saúde, e o ganho ponderal foi avaliado segundo recomendações do Institute of Medicine (1990. RESULTADOS: O estudo foi concluído com 118 gestantes, entre as quais a média de idade foi de 23 anos. As incidências de ganho de peso excessivo, no segundo e no terceiro trimestres, foram iguais a 44% e a 45%, respectivamente. A hipertensão arterial gestacional foi observada em 8,5% da amostra, sendo estatisticamente significante a sua associação com o estado nutricional inicial (p=0,02. Não houve casos de diabetes gestacional e 34% das gestantes tiveram partos cirúrgicos. O estado nutricional inicial de sobrepeso/obesidade, bem como o ganho de peso excessivo nos dois trimestres estudados, apresentou associação significante com o estado nutricional pós-parto (pOBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the average gestational weight gain and its relation with outcomes in pregnant women attending the Programa de Saúde da Família (Family Health Program in Campina Grande in Paraíba, Brazil. METHODS: Through a prospective longitudinal study developed from March 2005 to March 2006, the gestational weight was estimated every four weeks from the 16th gestational week. The body mass index followed the Atalah criteria (1977 adopted by the Ministry of Health, and the average weight gain was evaluated according to recommendations by the Institute of Medicine (1990. RESULTS: The study involved 118 pregnant women with an average age of 23 years. The incidence of excessive weight gain

  10. Fatores associados a não realização da mamografia e do exame clínico das mamas: um estudo de base populacional em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Factors associated with lack of mammograms and clinical breast examination by women: a population-based study in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Vivian Mae Schmidt Lima Amorim

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a prevalência da não realização do exame clínico das mamas e da mamografia segundo variáveis sócio-econômicas, demográficas e de comportamentos relacionados à saúde, em mulheres com 40 anos ou mais, residentes na cidade de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. O estudo foi do tipo transversal, de base populacional em uma amostra de 290 mulheres. Os fatores associados à não realização da mamografia, encontrados na análise multivariada, foram: ter 70 anos ou mais, ser de raça/cor negra e pertencer ao segmento de menor renda familiar per capita; e para a não realização do exame clínico das mamas foram: não ter companheiro e pertencer ao segmento de menor renda familiar per capita. O SUS foi responsável pela realização de 28,8% das mamografias e 38,2% dos exames clínicos das mamas. Verificou-se que a não realização dos exames preventivos para o câncer de mama está associada à existência de desigualdade racial e social, apontando para a necessidade de implementação de estratégias para a ampliação da cobertura das práticas preventivas para o câncer de mama, especialmente para os segmentos sociais mais vulneráveis.This study analyzes the prevalence of mammograms and clinical breast examination according to socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related behavioral variables in women 40 years or older in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional population-based study (N = 290. Based on multivariate analysis, factors associated with not having a mammogram in the previous two years were: age (> 70 years, race/ethnicity (black or mixed-race, and low per capita family income. Lack of clinical breast examination in the previous year was associated with: marital status (single/widow/without partner and low income. The Unified National Health System (SUS performed 28.8% of reported mammograms and 38.2% of clinical breast examinations. According to the findings, lack of

  11. Implantação do Grupo de Atenção à Saúde do Idoso (GRASI no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (SP: relato de experiência Implementación del Grupo de Atención a la Salud del Anciano (GRASI en un hospital universitario (Hospital Clínicas - Universidad Estadual de Campinas: relato de experiencia Establishment of the Group for Elderly Care (GRASI in a general university hospital (Hospital de Clínicas -Universidade Estadual de Campinas: a report of experience

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    Maria José D´Elboux Diogo

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visa relatar a experiência de implantação do Grupo de Atenção à Saúde do Idoso (GRASI junto ao ambulatório de clínica médica do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (SP, cuja espinha dorsal foi a elaboração e desenvolvimento de um Programa Educativo para idosos e familiares. O programa incluiu temas de interesse da clientela (memória, sono, prevenção de quedas e alterações da visão, e de interesse dos pesquisadores (autocuidado, aspectos emocionais, senescência e senilidade. Os participantes avaliaram a experiência como sendo de significativa contribuição para o seu cotidiano, bem como para aquisição de novos conhecimentos e novas amizades.Este estudio busca presentar la experiencia de la implantación del Grupo de Atención a la Salud del Anciano (GRASI en el ambulatorio de Clínica Medica en Hospital Universitario (Hospital de Clínicas - Universidad Estadual de Campinas, cuya fundamentación fue la elaboración y desarrollo de un programa educativo para los ancianos y sus familiares. El programa incluyó temas de interés de la clientela (memoria, sueño, prevención de caídas y alteraciones de la visión, y de interés de los investigadores (auto-cuidado, aspectos emocionales, senectud y senilidad. En la evaluación del programa, los participantes consideraron el programa positivo para su experiencia sumado a la posibilidad de nuevos conocimientos y nuevas amistades.This study aims at reporting the experience of establishing the Group for Elderly Care (GRASI in an outpatient clinic at a General University Hospital (Hospital de Clínicas - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, with the goal of elaborating and developing an educative program to elderly and their families. The program approached topics requested by the clients, such as increased risk for falls, changes in memory, sleep and vision, as well as issues considered important by the researchers, such as self-care, emotional

  12. Hechtiella lopesi sp. n. from São Paulo state, Brazil (Siphonaptera: Rhopalopsyllidae

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    Lindolpho Rocha Guimaräes

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Descriptions are given of the male and female of Hechtiella lopesi sp. n., collected on Proechimys sp. and Tayra barbara from Boracéia Ecological Station, Salesópolis, São Paulo State, Brazil. The new species is discussed in relation to Hechtiella lakoi and Hechtiella nitidus, species previously included in the genus Polygenis. The name is a tribute to the late Brazilian entomologist, Prof. Hugo de Souza Lopes.

  13. IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Campinas, Brazil: evidence of intercontinental distribution of strains

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    Ana Lucia Roscani Calusni

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB is a major concern in developing countries. In Brazil, few genotyping studies have been conducted to verify the number of IS6110 copies present in local prevalent strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the distribution and clustering of strains. IS6110 DNA fingerprinting was performed on a sample of M. tuberculosis isolates from patients with AFB smear-positive pulmonary TB, at a hospital in Brazil. The IS6110 profiles were analyzed and compared to a M. tuberculosis database of the Houston Tuberculosis Initiative, Houston, US. Seventy-six fingerprints were obtained from 98 patients. All M. tuberculosis strains had an IS6110 copy number between 5-21 allowing for differentiation of the isolates. Human immunodeficiency virus infection was confirmed in nearly half the patients of whom data was available. Fifty-eight strains had unique patterns, while 17 strains were grouped in 7 clusters (2 to 6 strains. When compared to the HTI database, 6 strains matched isolates from El Paso, Ciudad de Juarez, Houston, and New York. Recently acquired infections were documented in 19% of cases. The community transmission of infection is intense, since some clustered strains were recovered during the four-year study period. The intercontinental dissemination of M. tuberculosis strains is suspected by demonstration of identical fingerprints in a distant country.

  14. Ocorrência de Babesia sp em pequenos roedores no Brasil Occurrence of Babesia sp in small rodents in Brazil

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    G.S. Gazeta

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi analisada a ocorrência de babesiose em pequenos roedores nos municípios de Silva Jardim e Nova lguaçu, Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Foram capturados 44 roedores de seis espécies diferentes e entre eles a prevalência da infecção foi de 27,3%. Rattus norvegicus foi considerado o principal reservatório (50,0% e Oligoryzomys nigripes como novo hospedeiro para Babesia sp. Este foi o primeiro relato de Babesia sp. em roedores no Brasil. A freqüência de roedores positivos e o risco de infecção dos roedores não diferiram entre as áreas estudadas.The occurrence of babesiosis was studied in 44 small rodents of six species captured in Silva Jardim and Nova lguaçu counties, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The prevalence of injection was 27.3%. Rattus norvegicus was considered as the main reservoir and Oligoryzomys nigripes as a new host to Babesia sp. The frequency and the risk of rodent infection were considered equal among the studied areas. This is the first report of Babesia sp in small rodents in Brazil.

  15. Mites (Acari associated with bamboo (Bambusa sp., Poaceae in a woody area from northwestern São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Reinaldo J.F. Feres

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports twelve acarine species belonging to eleven genera in five families, associated with Bambusa sp. (Poaceae, in a woody area from São Paulo State, Brazil. Four species of Tetranychidae (Monoceronychus bambusicola, sp.n.. Oligonychus santoantoniensis, sp.n.. Schizotetranychus longirostris, sp.n. and S. paraelymus, sp.n. are regarded as new. The genus Cheletomimus Oudemans, 1904 (Cheyletidae is recorded for the first time to South America.

  16. The influence of the solid waste disposal areas in Campinas city, Sao Paulo state (Brazil) on water quality: determination of metals using synchrotron radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence

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    Oliveira, Bruna F.F., E-mail: bffaria@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal de Uberlandia (UFU), Uberlandia, MG (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Agrarias. Dept. de Engenharia Ambiental; Moreira, Silvana; Canteras, Felippe Benavente, E-mail: silvana@fec.unicamp.br, E-mail: felippe.canteras@gmail.com [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Saneamento e Ambiente

    2013-07-01

    Among the many forms of waste disposal, landfills today are best suited to Brazilian conditions, this because their construction allows minimizing the negative effects of landfill gas and slurry produced. However, the confinement of pollutants from landfills is linked to its construction and operation and when the construction and/or is wrong they can endanger air, groundwater and surface waters qualities. Thus, the main objective of this study was to analyze the concentration of heavy metals in samples of groundwater, surface water and slurry coming from solid waste disposal locations in the city of Campinas, SP - Delta, Santa Barbara and Pirelli Landfills. The samples were analyzed at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory using Synchrotron Radiation Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence technique (SR-TXRF). In Pirelli Landfill, the highest concentrations were observed in one of the wells located to downstream of the Landfill (in relation to the groundwater flux) - the monitoring well PM04, exceeding the intervention value defined by CETESB. For Santa Barbara landfill in one upstream monitoring well the concentrations of Ni, Mn, Pb and Cr, surpassed the maximum permissive values. The manganese in Landfill Delta showed to be higher in wells located downstream and 50% of the wells analyzed exceeded the maximum permissive value for groundwater samples. In the case of surface waters located in the vicinity of landfill sites, the metals that surpassed the maximum permissive values according the legislation in most of the points analyzed were Mn, Cu and Pb. For slurry samples collected in Delta Landfill, the average concentrations for Mn, Ni, Cu and Pb not exceeded the maximum permissive values during the period studied. Moreover for Santa Barbara the average concentration of Mn, Cu and Zn surpassed the permissive limits, as was observed for Mn in the Pirelli Landfill. (author)

  17. Characterization of victims of aggression and transportation accidents treated at the Forensic Medicine and Dentistry Institute - Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil - 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Avila, Sergio; Campos, Ana Cristina; Cavalcante, Gigliana Maria Sobral; Silva, Carlos Jose de Paula; da Nóbrega, Lorena Marques; Ferreira, Efigenia Ferreira E

    2015-03-01

    The objective of this cross-sectional census study was to characterize agression and land-based transport accidents in a city in the Northeast of Brazil. Data was analyzed from live victims who were treated at a forensic service (N = 2.379). In the descriptive analysis, the majority of events were represented by aggression (71.6%); which occurred on weekdays (65%), with 35.1% at night. Trauma occurred to the whole body (63.6%) and to soft tissue (74.2%). On the basis of multiple correspondence analysis, two dimensions were formed: the first dimension (internal reliability = 0.654) was formed by the cause of the event, the trauma and the age group and the second dimension (reliability = 0.514), by age group, occupation and civil status. Three groups with distinct profiles were formed for accidents and aggression: young women who suffered aggression, with trauma to the face and soft tissues during the evening and at weekends; adult men who suffered car accidents, in the morning and on work days; and retired elderly widowers, who were run over.

  18. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection in five farms in Holambra, São Paulo, Brazil Prevalência de enteroparasitoses em cinco fazendas de Holambra-SP, Brasil

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    Jun Kobayashi

    1995-02-01

    Full Text Available A parasitological survey was carried out on 222 inhabitants of five farms in Holambra, located 30 km north of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, on October 1992. Approximately 70% of the inhabitants were found to be infected with at least one species of intestinal parasite. The positive rates of 6 helminths and 7 protozoan species detected are as follows: 5.4% Ascaris lumbricoides; 8.6% Trichuris trichiura; 19.8% Necator americanus; 10.4% Strongyloides stercoralis; 14% Enterobius vermicularis; 0.9% Hymenolepis nana; 3.2% Entamoeba histolytica; 2.7% E. hartmanni; 9.9% E. coli; 14.0% Endolimax nana; 2.3% Iodamoeba butschlii; 10.4% Giardia lamblia; 37.8% Blastocystis hominis. The positive rates of helminth infection were generaly higher in the younger-group under 16 years-old than those in the elder group aged 16 or more, whereas the infection rates of protozoan species were higher in the elder group. The infection rate of Strongyloides was found to be 10.4% by a newly developed sensitive method (an agarplate culture methods.Uma pesquisa coproparasitológica foi realizada em 222 habitantes de cinco fazendas de Holambra, localizada a 30 km ao norte de Campinas, SP, Brasil, em outubro de 1992. Aproximadamente 70% dos habitantes apresentaram pelo menos um tipo de parasitose intestinal. O índice de positividade das 6 espécies de helmintos e de 7 protozoários na população foi o seguinte: Ascaris lumbricoides (5,4%; Trichuris trichiura (8,6%; Necator americanus (19,8%; Strongyloides stercoralis (10,4%; Enterobius vermiculares (1,4%; Hymenolepis nana (0,9%; Entamoeba histolytica (3,2%; E. hartmanni (2,7%; E. coli (9,9%; Endolimax nana (14,0%; Iodamoeba butschlii (2,3%; Giardia lamblia (10,4%; Blastocystis hominis (37,4%. O índice de positividade para infecção por helmitos foi aparentemente maior na população mais jovem (menores de 16 anos do que no grupo de população com idades acima de 16 anos, ao contrário do índice de infecção pelos protozo

  19. Pouzolzia saxophila sp. nov. (Urticaceae tribe Boehmerieae) from Bahia, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilmot-Dear, Christine Melanie; Friis, Ib; Monro, Alex K.

    2015-01-01

    of xerophytic scrub vegetation on rocky outcrops in the Boa Nova National Park, Bahia, Brazil. The new species is somewhat similar to P. pringlei, a Mexican endemic, and to P. amambaiensis from the Brazil–Paraguay border, but also to the widespread Asiatic P. zeylanica. However, the similarities...

  20. Wickerhamomyces queroliae sp. nov. and Candida jalapaonensis sp. nov., two yeast species isolated from Cerrado ecosystem in North Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carlos A; Morais, Paula B; Lachance, Marc-André; Santos, Renata O; Melo, Weilan G P; Viana, Rodney H O; Bragança, Marcos A L; Pimenta, Raphael S

    2009-05-01

    Two novel yeast species, Wickerhamomyces queroliae sp. nov. and Candida jalapaonensis sp. nov., were isolated, respectively, from larvae of Anastrepha mucronata (Diptera: Tephritidae) collected from ripe fruit of Peritassa campestris ('Bacupari', Hippocrateaceae) and from flowers of Centropogon cornutus (Campanulaceae) in the Cerrado ecosystem of the state of Tocantins, Brazil. Analysis of the D1/D2 large-subunit rRNA gene sequences placed W. queroliae in the Wickerhamomyces clade near Wickerhamomyces ciferri and Candida silvicultrix. Candida jalapaonensis belongs to the Wickerhamiella clade and is related to Candida drosophilae. The type strain of Wickerhamomyces queroliae is UFMG-05-T200.1(T) (=CBS 10936(T)=NRRL Y-48478(T)) and the type strain of Candida jalapaonensis is UFMG-03-T210(T) (=CBS 10935(T)=NRRL Y-48477(T)).

  1. Wickerhamiella dulcicola sp. nov. and Wickerhamiella cachassae sp. nov., yeasts isolated from cachaça fermentation in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badotti, Fernanda; Silva, Pollyana A B; Mendonça, Michelle C; Gomes, Fatima C O; Morais, Paula B; Lachance, Marc-André; Rosa, Carlos A

    2013-03-01

    Six strains of two novel yeast species were isolated from sugar-cane juice and fermentation vats of cachaça production in Brazil. The sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit rRNA gene showed that these species belong to the Wickerhamiella clade, and their closest described relative in terms of sequence similarity is Candida (iter. nom. Wickerhamiella) drosophilae. The type strain of Wickerhamiella cachassae sp. nov. is UFMG-D5L7(T) ( = CBS 12587(T)  = CBMAI 1469(T)) and the type strain of Wickerhamiella dulcicola sp. nov. is UFMG-TOL15(T) ( = CBS 12588(T)  = CBMAI 1468(T)).

  2. Atendimento à demanda pela esterilização cirúrgica na Região Metropolitana de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil: percepção de gestores e profissionais dos serviços públicos de saúde Provision of voluntary surgical sterilization in the Campinas Metropolitan Area, São Paulo State, Brazil: perceptions of public health services managers and professionals

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    Maria José Duarte Osis

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa descreve a percepção de gestores e profissionais de serviços públicos de saúde de municípios da Região Metropolitana de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, acerca do atendimento à demanda pela esterilização cirúrgica voluntária. Trata-se de estudo qualitativo, em quatro municípios, onde se realizaram entrevistas semi-estruturadas com 26 gestores e profissionais de saúde envolvidos no atendimento às solicitações de esterilização cirúrgica. Apontaram-se dificuldades para agendamento de consultas nos ambulatórios de planejamento familiar ou centros de referência e número insuficiente de cirurgias que podiam ser agendadas semanalmente nos hospitais credenciados. Enfatizou-se a falta de estrutura física e recursos humanos tanto nas unidades básicas de saúde, quanto nos ambulatórios de planejamento familiar ou centros de referência. Houve críticas aos critérios legais para autorizar a esterilização, bem como se mencionaram adaptações para torná-los mais adequados à situação de cada município. Gestores e profissionais de saúde entendiam que, apesar dos esforços empenhados, o atendimento à demanda pela esterilização cirúrgica na Região Metropolitana de Campinas estava prejudicado pela centralização em ambulatórios de planejamento familiar ou centros de referência, que, na prática, tinham que suprir as deficiências da oferta de ações de planejamento familiar em geral na rede básica de cada município.This study describes the perceptions of public health services managers and professionals concerning provision of voluntary surgical sterilization in the Campinas Metropolitan Area, São Paulo State, Brazil. The study adopted a qualitative approach in four municipalities (counties, where semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 health professionals and health services managers involved in the provision of surgical sterilization. The interviewees identified difficulties in

  3. Fertility and reproductive history of sterilized and non-sterilized women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil Fecundidade e história reprodutiva de mulheres laqueadas e não laqueadas de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil

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    Maria José Duarte Osis

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available This article compares sterilized and non-sterilized women in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, reproductive history, and cohabitation status. Women from 30 to 49 years of age and residing in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, were interviewed with a pre-tested and structured questionnaire: 236 women sterilized at least five years before the interview and 236 non-sterilized women. The sterilized women were significantly more likely to be married or cohabiting, to be younger when they began cohabiting, and to have been in the union longer than the non-sterilized women. They also began childbearing at an earlier age and had a history of more pregnancies and more live births than non-sterilized women. Factors associated with a history of 3 or more live births at the time of the interview were surgical sterilization, younger age at first childbirth, older age at the interview, recognition of fewer contraceptive methods, and lower per capita income. The article concludes that sterilization generally appears to be the consequence of higher fertility in a group of women who initiate childbearing early in life, although its role in preventing these women from having even larger families may also have a demographic impact.São comparadas as características sócio-demográficas, da história de co-habitação e da vida reprodutiva de mulheres laqueadas e não laqueadas. Com um questionário estruturado e pré-testado, entrevistaram-se 236 mulheres de 30 a 49 anos de idade, laqueadas há pelo menos cinco anos e o mesmo número de não laqueadas, emparelhadas por idade e local de residência. Entre as laqueadas, em comparação com as demais, foi maior a proporção de mulheres unidas, com mais anos de união e que começaram mais jovens a viver com um companheiro; com maior número de gravidez e filhos vivos, e que haviam tido o primeiro filho com menor idade. A análise por regressão logística apontou que ter feito laqueadura, ser mais

  4. Arborização viária como patrimônio municipal de Campinas/SP: histórico, situação atual e potencialidades no Bairro Cambuí

    OpenAIRE

    José Hamilton de Aguirre Junior

    2008-01-01

    O Bairro Cambuí surge com o início do povoamento da cidade de Campinas, no século XVIII, pelas incursões dos bandeirantes pelo interior do Brasil, através de uma estrada rústica que passava pelo local, denominada caminho dos Goiazes; um dos descampados, campinhos ou campinas do qual a cidade originou-se corresponde às proximidades da atual Praça XV de Novembro. O nome do bairro se deve à presença abundante, na época, da espécie denominada cambuí, Myrciaria tenella (DC.) O.Berg., em sua área, ...

  5. Ophidascaris durissus sp. nov. (Nematoda Ascarididae parasitizing Crotalus durissus Linnaeus (Ophidia, Viperidae in Brazil

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    Marcia Helena Martins Panizzutti

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The species Ophidascaris durissus sp. nov. is proposed with basis on specimens recovered from the rattlesnake Crotalus durissus L., 1758 (type host captured in Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil (type locality. By the lack of interlabia, the new species can be compared only to O. natricis Yamaguti, 1935 from Japan and O. freitasi Hoa & Lien, 1970, from Vietnam. However, O. durissus sp. nov. differs from O. natricis mainly by the absence of internal lip papillae, location of the vulvar aperture and length of the spicules; from O. freitasi mostly by the greater number of pre-cloacal and distribution of post-cloacal papillae.

  6. Copelatus cessaima sp. nov. (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Copelatinae): first record of a troglomorphic diving beetle from Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caetano, Daniel S; Bená, Daniela De C; Vanin, Sergio A

    2013-01-01

    Copelatus cessaima sp. nov. is described from Brazil. The new species was collected in water puddles inside of caves found in an ironstone formation and has typical troglomorphic characters: the eyes and metathoracic wings are absent, the elytra are fused and the body has long setae. This is the second species of Copelatinae reported as troglomorphic and the first record of a troglomorphic Dytiscidae species in Brazil. The modified morphology of the new species and the lack of elytral striae make the placement of C. cessaima sp. nov. in one of the 15 recognized Copelatus species groups difficult. Thus, we assign the new species to a "group unknown" as defined in Nilsson's world catalogue of the family Dytiscidae.

  7. Description of Rhodnius marabaensis sp. n. (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) from Pará State, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Eder dos Santos; Von Atzingen, Noé Carlos Barbosa; Furtado, Maria Betânia; de Oliveira, Jader; Nascimento, Juliana Damieli; Vendrami, Daniel Pagotto; Gardim, Sueli; da Rosa, João Aristeu

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Rhodnius marabaensis sp. n. was collected on 12 May 2014 in the Murumurú Environmental Reserve in the city of Marabá, Pará State, Brazil. This study was based on previous consultation of morphological descriptions of 19 Rhodnius species and compared to the identification key for the genus Rhodnius. The examination included specimens from 18 Rhodnius species held in the Brazilian National and International Triatomine Taxonomy Reference Laboratory in the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The morphological characteristics of the head, thorax, abdomen, genitalia, and eggs have been determined. Rhodnius prolixus and Rhodnius robustus were examined in more detail because the BLAST analysis of a cyt-b sequence shows they are closely related to the new species, which also occurs in the northern region of Brazil. The most notable morphological features that distinguish Rhodnius marabaensis sp. n. are the keel-shaped apex of the head, the length of the second segment of the antennae, the shapes of the prosternum, mesosternum and metasternum, the set of spots on the abdomen, the male genitalia, the posterior and ventral surfaces of the external female genitalia, and the morphological characteristics of the eggs. Rhodnius jacundaensis Serra, Serra & Von Atzingen (1980) nomen nudum specimens deposited at the Maraba Cultural Center Foundation - MCCF were examined and considered as a synonym of Rhodnius marabaensis sp. n. PMID:27833419

  8. Características das mulheres violentadas sexualmente e da adesão ao seguimento ambulatorial: tendências observadas ao longo dos anos em um serviço de referência em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil Characteristics of women victims of sexual violence and their compliance with outpatient follow-up: time trends at a referral center in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Carlos Tadayuki Oshikata

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A violência sexual é um crime praticado contra a integridade e a liberdade sexual de uma pessoa. Atinge mulheres de todos os níveis socioeconômicos, e o agressor não escolhe a cor e nem a idade da vítima para agredi-las. É causa de elevado custo financeiro ao país e grave problema de saúde pública. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a evolução da adesão de mulheres vítimas de violência sexual ao seguimento ambulatorial, as quais foram atendidas no Centro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, entre janeiro de 2000 a dezembro de 2006. Observamos um aumento significativo no retorno às consultas agendadas. Em 2000, 41% das mulheres completavam o seguimento de seis meses, e, em 2006, o índice aumentou para 70%. Cerca de 70% das mulheres compareceram nas primeiras 24 horas após serem agredidas; a agressão por conhecidos triplicou ao longo dos anos. Houve mudanças na forma de intimidação e diminuição significativa na prescrição da anticoncepção de emergência.Sexual violence is a crime against individual integrity and sexual freedom. It affects women of all socioeconomic levels, and the perpetrator does not choose the victim's color or age. It is a source of high financial cost and a serious public health problem in Brazil. The current study aimed to assess compliance with outpatient follow-up by women victims of sexual violence treated at the Center for Women's Comprehensive Healthcare at the State University in Campinas, São Paulo State, from January 2000 to December 2006. We observed a significant increase in the return for scheduled appointments. In 2000, 41% of the women completed the six-month follow-up, and by 2006 the proportion had increased to 70%. Some 70% of the women appeared for treatment within 24 hours after being raped. Sexual assault by perpetrators known to the victims tripled during this same period. There were changes in the forms of intimidation and a

  9. Balantidium sp. in ostriches (Struthio camelus L., 1758) in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Nicole B Ederli Francisco Carlos R

    2008-09-01

    The aim of this work was report for the first time the occurrence of Balantidium sp. in ostriches reared in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Feces samples from 82 ostriches were examined by the Ziehl-Neelsen technique and morphometric analyses were made of the cysts. The data were compared by a simple linear regression analysis. The cysts found ranged in size from 60.39 by 34.62 mm and 59.13 by 33.92 m in diameters. The spherical shape was confirmed by observing the shape index of 1.05 and r = 0.9630, which suggested there were cysts of different sizes with similar shapes. In spite of polymorphism, cysts measurements were uniform in their distribution, evidencing the possibility of a single species (R2 = 0.9274). The cysts were morphologically indistinguishable from the Balantidium sp. cysts already reported in ostrich feces or B. coli. This is the first report of parasitism by Balantidium sp. in ostriches in Brazil. In spite of the high Balantidium sp. frequency, no clinical sign was observed.

  10. Rickettsia sp. Strain NOD Infecting Ticks ( Amblyomma nodosum) in an Endemic Area of Spotted Fever in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moerbeck, Leonardo; Vizzoni, Vinicius F; de Oliveira, Stefan V; Cavalcante, Robson; Coelho, Gerlene C B; Duarte, Naylê F H; Amorim, Marinete; Gazêta, Gilberto S

    2017-12-20

    Amblyomma nodosum ticks were collected from one collared anteater ( Tamandua tetradactyla) in the Caatinga biome, Brazil. From one sample, we isolated a Rickettsia sp. that was phylogenetically close to Rickettsia sp. strain NOD, with 99.9, 100.0, and 99.8% identity for gltA, htrA, and ompA genes, respectively.

  11. Aplicação do método da carga máxima total diária (CMTD para a amônia no Rio Atibaia, região de Campinas/Paulínia - SP Application of ammonia total maximum daily load (TMDL to Atibaia River, Campinas/Paulínia region - São Paulo state

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    Gilberto Silvério da Silva

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo foram avaliadas a capacidade de suporte e o estado de degradação do Rio Atibaia, considerando a ameaça para a vida aquática pela presença da Amônia, a qual representa um dos principais riscos às comunidades aquáticas no Rio Atibaia. Com este objetivo foi aplicado o método da Carga Máxima Total Diária (CMTD, da Agência de Proteção Ambiental dos Estados Unidos (EPA. Os resultados revelaram que as cargas de Amônia aumentavam progressivamente ao longo do Rio Atibaia, principalmente devido às fontes pontuais. As cargas de Amônia diárias assumiram valores de 30 a 5000 kg NH3. A capacidade de suporte das águas Rio Atibaia, para proteger a vida aquática contra os efeitos tóxicos da Amônia, tem sido violadas em trechos próximos à sua foz. A degradação dessas águas foi mais intensa na estação seca. Este trabalho mostrou que o esgoto doméstico não-tratado de uma população aproximada de 250 mil habitantes da cidade de Campinas, via Ribeirão Anhumas, é a principal fonte de Amônia na bacia do Rio Atibaia, apesar do grande número de indústrias ali presentes.This study evaluated the tolerance capacity and the impairment state of the Atibaia River, considering the threat to aquatic life by the presence of Ammonia, which represents one of the main risks to the aquatic communities in the Atibaia River. With this aim, the method Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL, from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, was applied. The results revealed that the Ammonia loads increased progressively through the Atibaia River, especially due to the point sources. The daily Ammonia loads assumed values that ranged from 30 to 5000 kg NH3. The tolerance capacity of the waters of the Atibaia River, to protect aquatic life against the toxic effects of the Ammonia, has been violated in reaches near its mouth. The impairment of these waters was more intense during the dry season. This study showed that the domestic sewer

  12. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia sp. in aquatic mammals in northern and northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, João Carlos; Lima, Danielle Dos; da Silva, Edson Moura; Moreira, André Lucas de Oliveira; Marmontel, Miriam; Carvalho, Vitor Luz; Amaral, Rodrigo de; Lazzarini, Stella Maris; Alves, Leucio Câmara

    2017-09-20

    Cryptosporidium and Giardia are protozoans that can infect humans and wild and domestic animals. Due to the growing importance of diseases caused by protozoan parasites in aquatic species, we aimed to evaluate the frequency of infection by Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia sp. in aquatic and marine mammals in the northern and northeastern regions of Brazil. We collected 553 fecal samples from 15 species of wild-ranging and captive aquatic mammals in northern and northeastern Brazil. All samples were analyzed by the Kinyoun technique for identification of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts. Giardia sp. cysts were identified by means of the centrifugal-flotation technique in zinc sulfate solution. Subsequently, all samples were submitted for direct immunofluorescence testing. The overall frequency of infection was 15.55% (86/553) for Cryptosporidium spp. and 9.04% (50/553) for Giardia sp. The presence of Cryptosporidium spp. was detected in samples from 5 species: neotropical river otter Lontra longicaudis (15.28%), giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis (41.66%), Guiana dolphin Sotalia guianensis (9.67%), Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis (16.03%), and Antillean manatee T. manatus (13.79%). Giardia sp. was identified in L. longicaudis (9.23%), P. brasiliensis (29.16%), pygmy sperm whale Kogia breviceps (100%), dwarf sperm whale K. sima (25%), S. guianensis (9.67%), T. inunguis (3.81%), and T. manatus (10.34%). This is the first report of Cryptosporidium spp. in L. longicaudis, P. brasiliensis, and S. guianensis, while the occurrence of Giardia sp., in addition to the 2 otter species, was also identified in manatees, thus extending the number of hosts susceptible to these parasitic agents.

  13. Avaliação da inserção do nutricionista na Rede Básica de Saúde dos municípios da Região Metropolitana de Campinas Evaluation of inserting a nutritionist in the Primary Health Network of the municipalities located in the Metropolitan Region of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Joyce Guilhermino de Pádua

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este trabalho consistiu em uma pesquisa realizada na Rede Básica de Saúde dos municípios pertencentes à Região Metropolitana de Campinas, com o objetivo de descrever e avaliar ações desenvolvidas por nutricionistas. MÉTODOS: O método de pesquisa utilizado foi o quanti-qualitativo, com a realização de 12 entrevistas com nutricionistas da Rede Básica de Saúde de 8 municípios da Região Metropolitana de Campinas. O instrumento utilizado foi um questionário semi-estruturado com questões abertas e fechadas. Em seguida às entrevistas individuais, foi aplicada a técnica de grupo focal com 5 nutricionistas de diferentes municípios. RESULTADOS: As formas de contratação são variadas. Com relação às funções exercidas pelo profissional, destacam-se: prescrições e orientações dietéticas individuais, palestras para grupos, campanhas, participação em programas de suplementação, vigilância sanitária e visitas domiciliares. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que menos da metade dos municípios conta com nutricionista na Rede Básica de Saúde: o número de nutricionistas é insuficiente, o nutricionista tende a acumular funções em diferentes setores e há predomínio das atividades assistenciais em detrimento de atividades de promoção à saúde.OBJECTIVE: This work consisted of a research carried out in the Primary Health Network of the municipalities located in the metropolitan region of Campinas and the objective was to describe and evaluate actions developed by nutritionists. METHODS: The research method used was the quantitative and qualitative method twelve interviews were done with nutritionists from the Primary Health Network of 8 municipalities located in the metropolitan region of Campinas. The instrument used was a semi-structured questionnaire with open and closed questions. Following the individual interviews, the focal group technique was applied to 5 nutritionists from different municipalities. RESULTS: The

  14. Occurrence of Euplatypus parallelus, Euplatypus sp. (col.: Euplatypodidae and Xyleborus affinis (col.: Scolytidae in Pinus sp. in Ribas do Rio Pardo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

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    Zanuncio José Cola

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Wood borer species of the families Euplatypodidae and Scolytidae were observed attacking trees of Pinus sp. in the Municipality of Ribas do Rio Pardo, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, in March 2000. This plantation had been previously burned in an accidental fire in January 2000, causing the trees to become partially or totally unhealthy, rendering them more susceptible to attack of these pests. Galleries of these wood borers were opened with a chisel to observe parameters such as their direction and form of these galleries. Species observed as wood borers of Pinus sp. were Euplatypus parallelus, Euplatypus sp. (Coleoptera: Euplatypodidae and Xyleborus affinis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae.

  15. Callistochiton edwini n. sp. Polyplacophora: Callistoplacidae Pilsbry, 1893, do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Callistochiton edwini n. sp. Polyplacophora: Callistoplacidae Pilsbry, 1893 from Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    Rosa de Lima Silva Mello

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Callistochiton edwini n. sp. (Callistoplacidae Pilsbry, 1893 a new species from the continental platform of Pernambuco, Brazil, South America is described and illustrated. Identification may be made by characteristic morphological aspect of shell and elements of girdle, which are peculiar to this species.

  16. Owenia caissara sp. n. (Annelida, Oweniidae from Southern Brazil: addressing an identity crisis

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    Luiz Silva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT We re-assess the taxonomic status of Owenia Delle Chiaje, 1841 from Southern Brazil based on estuarine specimens from Paranaguá Bay (Paraná and Babitonga Bay (Santa Catarina, and literature records. Owenia caissara sp. n. is diagnosed by a branchial crown with five pairs of tentacles, branched close to the base of the crown, rectilinear collar with a pronounced lateral slit, two ventrolateral ocelli partially covered by the collar, up to 23 hooks on a single row in the first abdominal segment, regularly curved nuchal shape, regularly moderate teeth curvature, and long and thin scales with oval transition. The description of Owenia caissara sp. n. reinforces the idea that Owenia fusiformis sensu lato is a complex of closely related species that can be distinguished on the basis of both macro- and micro- morphological traits.

  17. Perkinsus sp. infecting oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae (Guilding, 1828) on the coast of Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandão, Rosana Pinho; Boehs, Guisla; Sabry, Rachel Costa; Ceuta, Liliane Oliveira; Luz, Mariane Dos Santos Aguiar; Queiroga, Fernando Ramos; da Silva, Patrícia Mirella

    2013-02-01

    This study investigated the occurrence of the protozoan Perkinsus in the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae on the coast of Bahia State, Brazil. The oysters (n = 900) were collected in February-March and July-August 2010. The Ray's fluid thioglycollate medium (RFTM) analysis of gills and rectum revealed hypnospores of Perkinsus sp. with a high mean prevalence (63%). The infection intensity varied from very light to advanced. The polymerase chain reaction confirmed Perkinsus in 87.2% of the RFTM-positive oysters. Histological analysis showed trophozoites and schizonts phagocytized by hemocytes, mainly in the intestine and the stomach epithelium. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Kazachstania rupicola sp. nov., a yeast species isolated from water tanks of a bromeliad in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safar, Silvana Vilas Boas; Gomes, Fátima C O; Marques, Andréa R; Lachance, Marc-André; Rosa, Carlos A

    2013-03-01

    Two isolates of a novel yeast species were obtained from water tanks (phytotelmata) of the bromeliad Vriesea minarum collected in a tableland ('campo rupestre') ecosystem in Brazil. The sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit rRNA gene showed that this species is related to Kazachstania exigua and others, from which it differs by 8-10 nucleotide substitutions. The novel species Kazachstania rupicola sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain is UFMG-BRO-80(T) ( = CBS 12684(T)  = CBMAI 1466(T)).

  19. Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania sp. Infection in Wildlife from Urban Rainforest Fragments in Northeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trüeb, Indira; Portela, Ricardo D; Franke, Carlos R; Carneiro, Ianei O; Ribeiro, Gilmar J; Soares, Rodrigo P; Barrouin-Melo, Stella Maria

    2017-10-04

    Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania sp. are important protozoan parasites for humans and animals in the Americas, causing Chagas disease and cutaneous or visceral leishmaniasis, respectively. These vector-borne diseases affect permanent and transient populations in developing tropical countries that exhibit favorable conditions for the perpetuation of the parasite cycle. Our objective was to investigate the occurrence of infection with these parasites in wild animals from urban rainforest fragments in the city of Salvador, the largest city in the northeast region of Brazil. Sixty-five wild animals were captured, clinically examined, and sampled for parasite detection by PCR and culture. Ten different mammalian genera were identified, being 58% (38/65) marsupials. The prevalence of T. cruzi and Leishmania sp. infections was 13% and 43%, respectively. Both parasites were detected by PCR in 11% (7/65), three of which were also double infected as determined by culture. Among the 28 animals found infected with at least one parasite (43%, 28/65), 68% (19/28) were marsupials, two specimens were Callithrix sp. (7%), and one was Trinomys sp. (3%). Most infected animals (89%) had no clinical signs of disease. We found that healthy free-living animals from urban rainforest fragments harbored pathogenic trypanosomatids and should be included in epidemiology studies of diseases in big cities in tropical countries, as these cities grow and engulf rainforest remnants.

  20. Associação entre o padrão de atividade física materna, ganho ponderal gestacional e peso ao nascer em uma coorte de 118 gestantes no município de Campina Grande, Nordeste do Brasil Association between maternal physical activity, gestational weight gain and birth weight in a cohort of 118 pregnant women in Campina Grande, Northeast of Brazil

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    Jousilene de Sales Tavares

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Esta pesquisa estudou o efeito da atividade física sobre o ganho ponderal e peso ao nascer em gestantes do Programa Saúde da Família no município de Campina Grande, (PB. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se um estudo de coorte abrangendo 118 gestantes, entre 2005 e 2006. A avaliação do estado nutricional inicial seguiu os critérios de Atalah e o ganho ponderal materno foi avaliado de acordo com o Institute of Medicine. Analisou-se o padrão de atividade física de acordo com o medidor de estimativa de gasto calórico total (METs e sua associação com o ganho ponderal e o peso ao nascer. RESULTADOS: o padrão de atividade física predominante na 16ª semana foi o leve, alcançando 85,6% das gestantes. Observou-se uma redução importante do nível de atividade física com a evolução da gestação, com 98,3% das gestantes sendo consideradas sedentárias na 24ª semana e 100% na 32ª semana. No momento da captação, cerca de 50% das gestantes eram eutróficas, 23% com baixo peso e as demais com sobrepeso/obesidade. No segundo e no terceiro trimestres, aproximadamente 45% das gestantes ganharam peso excessivo. A distribuição do peso ao nascer mostrou um predomínio do peso adequado (85,6%, e uma alta prevalência de macrossomia (8,5%. Dentre os desfechos avaliados, foi observada associação apenas entre os valores de METs da 24ª.semana e o ganho ponderal materno no segundo trimestre gestacional (p=0,045. CONCLUSÃO: Todas as gestantes estavam sedentárias no terceiro trimestre; observou-se uma associação entre o padrão de atividade física e o ganho ponderal materno no segundo trimestre, mas não houve associação deste padrão com o peso ao nascer.OBJECTIVE: This survey evaluated the effects of physical activity on gestational weight gain and birth weight of pregnant women attended by the Family Health Program in Campina Grande, Northeast of Brazil. METHODS: A cohort study enrolling 118 pregnant women was conducted between 2005 and

  1. New record of Pelecitus sp. (Nematoda, Onchocercidae) as a parasite of Athene cunicularia (Strigiformes, Strigidae) in southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Tarcísio Macedo; Okamoto, Adriano Sakai; Silva, Lidiane Aparecida Firmino da; Smaniotto, Bruna Domeneghetti; Silva, Reinaldo José da; Andreatti Filho, Raphael Lucio

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to report the burrowing owl Athene cunicularia as a new host for the filarid nematode Pelecitus sp. in southeastern Brazil for the first time, as well as reporting the occurrence of this nematode species in the body cavity, near the cervical air sac and lung region. This study contributes towards knowledge of parasitism in Brazilian wild birds and an anatomical region of the host as an infection site for Pelecitus sp.

  2. New record of Pelecitus sp. (Nematoda, Onchocercidae as a parasite of Athene cunicularia (Strigiformes, Strigidae in southeastern Brazil

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    Tarcísio Macedo Silva

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to report the burrowing owl Athene cunicularia as a new host for the filarid nematode Pelecitus sp. in southeastern Brazil for the first time, as well as reporting the occurrence of this nematode species in the body cavity, near the cervical air sac and lung region. This study contributes towards knowledge of parasitism in Brazilian wild birds and an anatomical region of the host as an infection site for Pelecitus sp.

  3. Perkinsus sp. infecting the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae from estuaries of the septentrional Northeast, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantas-Neto, M P; Sabry, R C; Ferreira, L P; Romão, L S; Maggioni, R

    2015-11-01

    The mangrove oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae is an estuarine resource exploited by riverside communities in Northeast Brazil. Despite its socioeconomic importance, studies on the health status of this bivalve are scanty in this region. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of the protozoan Perkinsus sp. in C. rhizophorae collected in August and September 2011 in three estuaries of the septentrional Northeast, Brazil: Jaguaribe (Ceará), Camurupim (Piauí) and Carnaubeiras (Maranhão) (n= 150 specimens/site). The samples were submitted to Ray's fluid thioglycollate medium (RFTM), PCR and histology assays. The RFTM assay revealed spherical, blue or bluish-black hypnospores of the genus Perkinsus in 50 specimens (Jaguaribe= 17.3%, Camurupim= 5.3%, Carnaubeiras= 10.6%). The intensity of the infection ranged from very light (1-10 cells per slide) to severe (more than 40 cells in each of 10 fields of the slide) for Jaguaribe; very light for Camurupim and very light to moderate (at least 40 cells observed in each of 10 fields of the slide) for Carnaubeiras. When submitted to confirmatory PCR analysis, 6 cases were confirmed (Jaguaribe=3, Camurupim=1, Carnaubeiras=2). The histology confirmed 21 cases of infection in specimens from the three estuaries. Although local collectors have reported no mortality in oyster populations that might be attributed to infection by Perkinsus, health surveillance of oyster populations in the septentrional region of Northeast Brazil is advisable.

  4. Large scale artificial rearing of Anastrepha sp.1 aff. fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae in Brazil

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    Julio Marcos Melges Walder

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Some species of the genus Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae are successfully managed by matching the sterile insect technique with parasitoid releases. Such strategies used in integrated pest management can be implemented only where insect mass-rearing programs are feasible. In this study, we show the process of domestication, rearing technology and quality control data obtained from 54 generations of Anastrepha sp.1 aff. fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 kept under fully artificial conditions. Eggs were collected by an artificial oviposition panel consisting of one side of the cage made of blue voile fabric externally covered with a thin layer of silicon rubber. They were then air-bubbled in water at 25 ºC for 48 h before seeding. Larvae were reared on the regular laboratory artificial diet with 66 % of agar reduction turning over a semi-liquid diet, which reduced costs and improved insect quality. The adult and larval diets were composed of local ingredients including hydrolyzed yeast. When large-scale production of this fly is contemplated, the critical stage is larval development. This system of artificial rearing for A. fraterculus sp.1 developed in Brazil, allows for the production of a large number of insects of excellent quality using local ingredients and less agar in diet composition than the original medium used for this species. By reducing the interval of egg collection, the system might be optimized in terms of insect yield and, therefore, meet the demands of A. fraterculus sp.1 with regard to integrated pest management purposes.

  5. Prevalência de cárie dentária em escolares de 12 anos de idade, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brasil: enfoque socioeconômico = Dental caries prevalence in 12-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil: a socioeconomic approach

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    Moura, Cristiano

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência da cárie dentária em escolares de 12 anos de idade em Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brasil, e testar sua associação com gênero, variáveis sócioeconômicas e preventivas. Metodologia: A amostra foi constituída por 553 escolares regularmente matriculados na rede municipal de ensino e espacialmente distribuídos pelos seis distritos sanitários de saúde da cidade, núcleo urbano. A prevalência da cárie dentária foi avaliada pelo índice CPO-D preconizado pela Organização Mundial de Saúde. Utilizou-se de um questionário para a obtenção de informações sobre a escolaridade da criança, de sua mãe, renda familiar e medidas preventivas em saúde bucal. Os testes do qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher foram empregados para verificar a associação das variáveis, bem como a razão de chances (odds ratio – OR. Resultados: A prevalência de cárie foi de 70,5% e o CPO-D médio foi de 2,09. Escolaridade materna e tempo da última consulta foram associados positivamente com o índice CPO-D. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem alta prevalência de cárie dentária nesta amostra de escolares e CPO-D abaixo do preconizado pela OMS

  6. Produtividade da cultivar de uva de mesa niagara rosada sobre diferentes porta-enxertos, em Monte Alegre do Sul-SP Yield of the niagara rosada table grape cultivar grafted on different rootstocks, in Monte Alegre do Sul-SP

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    Maurilo Monteiro Terra

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de estudar o comportamento da cultivar de uva de mesa Niagara Rosada enxertada sobre diferentes porta-enxertos, um experimento foi conduzido na região de Monte Alegre do Sul-SP, durante seis anos consecutivos. Os porta-enxertos estudados foram 'Schwarzmann', IAC 572 'Jales', IAC 313 'Tropical', 'Traviú', IAC 766 'Campinas' e 'Kober 5BB'. Os porta-enxertos IAC-313 'Tropical', IAC 766 'Campinas' e 'Traviú' são recomendados para a uva de mesa 'Niagara Rosada' na região de Monte Alegre do Sul-SP. A cultivar Niagara Rosada sobre o porta-enxerto 'Kober 5BB' teve menor produtividade em comparação com os demais porta-enxertos avaliados, não sendo recomendado para a região de Monte Alegre do Sul-SP.With the objective of studying the behavior of the Niagara Rosada table grape cultivar grafted on different rootstocks, a trial was carried out in the region of Monte Alegre do Sul-SP, Brazil, by six consecutive years. The rootstocks studied were 'Schwarzmann', IAC 572 'Jales', IAC 313 'Tropical', 'Traviú', IAC 766 'Campinas' e 'Kober 5BB'. It was verified from the results obtained, that the rootstocks IAC 313 'Tropical', IAC 766 'Campinas' and 'Traviú' are recommend for the 'Niagara Rosada' for the region of Monte Alegre do Sul-SP. The Niagara Rosada grafted on the rootstock 'Kober 5BB' had a minor yield per vine compared with the others rootstocks, and can not be recommended for the region of Monte Alegre do Sul-SP.

  7. Evaluation of potentially inorganic toxic substances in sewage from treatment plants of the metropolitan region of Campinas by SR-TXRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreira, Silvana; Broleze, Silvana Turolla, E-mail: silvana@fec.unicamp.br [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FEC/UNICAMP), Campinas, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Saneamento e Ambiente

    2013-07-01

    The increased production of sludge is a consequence of the growth of the volume of treated sewage and of the number of Sewage Treatment Plants (STP) in Brazil and, it has demanded the search of alternatives for its final disposal. Amongst the some alternatives of disposal, the agricultural use is viable, a time that the sewage is rich in organic substances, macro and micronutrients necessary to the soil fertility. However, the illegal industrial releases at public sewage may contain the presence of elements that cause harm to human health and the environment as Pb, Hg, Cd, Cr and Se. This work evaluated the potentially inorganic toxic substances in the sewage, previously dried, of the STP Camanducaia in Jaguariuna city; Village Flora in Sumare city; Praia Azul and Carioba in Americana city; Samambaia, Anhumas, Picarrao and Barao Geraldo in Campinas city, SP, employing the Synchrotron Radiation Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence (SR-TXRF). The sewage of Treatment Plants of the Metropolitan Region of Campinas take care of CONAMA 375/06 legislation. However, so that it can be commercialized as fertilizing or conditioning of soils, it must take care of to Normative Instruction 27/06, needing to reduce the contents of Ni and Cr. One of the alternatives would be a bigger supervising in the generating sources, in order to improve the quality of the tributary of the stations, being adjusted the sewage to the Brazilian legislations. (author)

  8. First report of scuticociliatosis caused by Uronema sp. in ornamental reef fish imported into Brazil

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    Pedro Henrique Magalhães Cardoso

    Full Text Available Abstract Scuticociliatosis, which is caused by an opportunistic ciliate protozoan, is responsible for significant economic losses in marine ornamental fish. This study reports the occurrence of Uronema sp., which was found to be parasitizing three species of marine reef fish imported into Brazil and maintained in quarantine: Vanderbilt’s Chromis (Chromis vanderbilti, blue-green damselfish (Chromis viridis, and sea goldie (Pseudanthias squamipinnis. During the quarantine period, some fish presented with behavioral disorders and hemorrhages and ulcerative lesions on the body surface. Histopathological analysis showed hemorrhages, inflammation comprising mononuclear and granular cells in the skeletal muscle, and necrosis of the skin and the secondary lamellae of the gills, and parasites were also observed in the renal capsule. The absence of transboundary measures available to prevent the occurrence of ornamental fish diseases is also discussed.

  9. Navicordulia aemulatrix sp. nov. (Odonata, Corduliidae from northeastern Santa Catarina State, Brazil

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    Ângelo Parise Pinto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Navicordulia aemulatrix sp. nov. (holotype male deposited in MZSP: Brazil, Santa Catarina State, [São Bento do Sul municipality, 26°14'58"S, 49°22'59"W], [railroad station] Rio Vermelho, II.1952 is described and illustrated based on three males. The long cercus (2.9-3.2 mm places this species in the longistyla-group together with N. kiautai, N. longistyla and N. nitens but it differs from them mainly by the shape of cercus, with carinated part occupying 0.33 of cercus total length, and also by dorsal, ventro-medial and ventro-lateral tubercles developed. An unusual process on tergal portion of prothorax is reported for the first time in Navicordulia. The rate of description of new species of South American 'Corduliidae' is discussed. A map with records of Atlantic Forest Navicordulia species and a list of Brazilian corduliids by state are also presented.

  10. First report of scuticociliatosis caused by Uronema sp. in ornamental reef fish imported into Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Pedro Henrique Magalhães; Balian, Simone de Carvalho; Matushima, Eliana Reiko; Pádua, Santiago Benites de; Martins, Maurício Laterça

    2017-01-01

    Scuticociliatosis, which is caused by an opportunistic ciliate protozoan, is responsible for significant economic losses in marine ornamental fish. This study reports the occurrence of Uronema sp., which was found to be parasitizing three species of marine reef fish imported into Brazil and maintained in quarantine: Vanderbilt's Chromis (Chromis vanderbilti), blue-green damselfish (Chromis viridis), and sea goldie (Pseudanthias squamipinnis). During the quarantine period, some fish presented with behavioral disorders and hemorrhages and ulcerative lesions on the body surface. Histopathological analysis showed hemorrhages, inflammation comprising mononuclear and granular cells in the skeletal muscle, and necrosis of the skin and the secondary lamellae of the gills, and parasites were also observed in the renal capsule. The absence of transboundary measures available to prevent the occurrence of ornamental fish diseases is also discussed.

  11. In vitro culture of a novel genotype of Ehrlichia sp. from Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zweygarth, E; Schöl, H; Lis, K; Cabezas Cruz, A; Thiel, C; Silaghi, C; Ribeiro, M F B; Passos, L M F

    2013-11-01

    Ehrlichiae are obligate intracytoplasmic Gram-negative, tick-borne bacteria belonging to the Anaplasmataceae family. Ehrlichioses are considered emerging diseases in both humans and animals. Several members of the genus Ehrlichia have been isolated and propagated in vitro. This study describes the continuous propagation of a Brazilian Ehrlichia sp. isolate in IDE8 tick cells, canine DH82 cells and bovine aorta cells. Initially, the organisms were isolated from the haemolymph of a Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick into IDE8 cells. Infected IDE8 cells were brought from Brazil to Germany, where the organisms were continuously propagated in IDE8, DH82 and bovine aorta cells. Bovine aorta cells were infected and propagated for 3 months, corresponding to six subcultures, whereas the other two infected cell lines were kept for more than 1 year. During the cultivation period, 36 and 14 subcultures were carried out in IDE8 and DH82 cell cultures, respectively. Reinfection of IDE8 cells with organisms grown in DH82 cells was achieved. Sequence analysis made with a fragment of the 16S rRNA gene showed that this Ehrlicha sp. is closely related to Ehrlichia canis. However, the maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree shows that it falls in a separate phylogenetic clade from E. canis. © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  12. Morphological and molecular characterization of Phytophthora glovera sp. nov. from tobacco in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abad, Z Gloria; Ivors, Kelly L; Gallup, Courtney A; Abad, Jorge A; Shew, H David

    2011-01-01

    A root rot disease of cultivated tobacco called yellow stunt has been observed in the burley tobacco production areas of Brazil since the early 1990s. Root infecting fungi and straminipiles were isolated from the roots of diseased tobacco plants, including a semi-papillate, homothallic, slow growing Phytophthora species. Pathogenicity trials confirmed that Phytophthora sp. caused root rot and stunting of burley and flue-cured tobaccos. Morphological characteristics of the asexual and sexual stages of this organism did not match any reported Phytophthora species and were very different from the widely known tobacco black shank pathogen P. nicotianae. Phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacer rDNA, β-tubulin and translation elongation factor 1-α regions indicated that this organism represents a previously unreported Phytophthora species that is significantly supported in clade 2 and most closely related to P. capsici. However P. glovera differs from P. capsici in a number of morphological characters, most significantly P. glovera is homothallic and produces both paragynous and amphigynous antheridia while P. capsici is heterothallic and produces only amphigynous antheridia. In this paper we confirmed pathogenicity of this species on tobacco and describe the morphological and molecular characteristics of Phytophthora glovera sp. nov.

  13. Metal, metallothionein and glutathione levels in blue crab (Callinectes sp.) specimens from southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavradas, Raquel Teixeira; Hauser-Davis, Rachel Ann; Lavandier, Ricardo Cavalcanti; Rocha, Rafael Christian Chávez; Saint' Pierre, Tatiana D; Seixas, Tércia; Kehrig, Helena Amaral; Moreira, Isabel

    2014-09-01

    Metal concentrations (Cu, Pb, Zn and Cd) were determined in muscle, gills, soft tissues and eggs in male, non-ovigerous and ovigerous female Callinectes sp. specimens from a reference site in Southeastern Brazil. Metallothionein (MT) and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were also determined. Results demonstrate that sex has a significant influence on metal, MT and GSH concentrations. Significant maternal transfer of Pb and Zn from ovigerous females to eggs was verified, while female crabs, both ovigerous and non-ovigerous, showed elevated GSH and MT in viscera when compared to males, indicating possible MT role in excreting metals to eggs in ovigerous females of this species. Several strong statistical correlations between metals and MT indicate MTs role in detoxification of both toxic and essential elements in different organs. Pb and Zn were significantly correlated to GSH, indicating oxidative stress caused by the former and a direct link between Zn and GSH in maintaining homeostasis. Regarding human consumption, metal concentrations were lower than the maximum permissible levels established by international and Brazilian regulatory agencies, indicating that this species is safe for human consumption concerning this parameter. The presence of metals in Callinectes sp., however, is still of importance considering that this is a key species within the studied ecosystem and, therefore, plays a major role in the transference of pollutants to higher trophic levels. In addition, the presence of significant metal concentrations found in eggs must be considered in this context, since crab eggs are eaten by several other species, such as shorebirds, seabirds, and fish. Also, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study regarding both MT and GSH levels in Callinectes sp. eggs and is of interest in the investigation of molecular mechanisms regarding metal exposure in these crustaceans. Data reported in this study support the conclusions from previous reports

  14. Implementation results of a radiological protection program in the Service of Radiotherapy/CAISM - UNICAMP, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil); Resultados da implantacao de um programa de protecao radiologica no servico de radioterapia/CAISM - UNICAMP, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coelho, Rosangela Franco [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Centro de Estudos Biomedicos. Area de Fisica Medica; Sordi, G.M.A.A. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Protecao Radiologica

    1996-12-31

    The radiation protection conditions in the Service or Radiotherapy/CAISM - UNICAMP are studied. A program of radiation protection composed by a radiation planning for the service, an area and individual monitoring program and a checking program is presented. Geiger Mueller detectors, ionization chambers, specific check lists and the results of about five years of individual monitoring are used in the implementation of the program 6 refs.

  15. Metapeachia schlenzae sp. nov. (Cnidaria: Actiniaria: Haloclavidae) a new burrowing sea anemone from Brazil, with a discussion of the genus Metapeachia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gusmão, Luciana C

    2016-02-02

    The diversity of burrowing sea anemones from Brazil is poorly known with only three species recorded. Metapeachia schlenzae sp. nov. is described from specimens collected in the intertidal zone of São Sebastião and Cabo Frio in the southeastern coast of Brazil. Metapeachia schlenzae sp. nov. is the second species described for the genus and the second haloclavid recorded from Brazil. A comparison between Metapeachia schlenzae sp. nov. and Metapeachia tropica, the type species of the genus, is included. The two valid species of Metapeachia differ in the morphology of the conchula, internal anatomy, cnidae and geographical distribution.

  16. Cordiamyia globosa gen.n. e sp.n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Cecidomyiidi associado com Cordia Verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae no Brasil Cordiamyia globosa gen.n. and sp.n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae associated with Cordia verbekacea DC. (Boraginaceae in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Cid Maia

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Cordiamyia globosa gen.n., sp.n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Cecidomyiidi associated with Cordia verbenacea (Boraginaceae, in Brazil, is described and illustrated (larva, pupa, male, female and gall.

  17. de Confecções em Campina Grande - PB

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    Lucyanno Moreira Cardoso de Holanda

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to deal with identification of types of strategies used by LPA participant textile companies of Campina Grande-PB-Brazil, according to Von Krogh, Roos and Slocum (1994 proposed model, where they suggest the existence of two basic strategies types: surviving and advance. The surviving strategies assure present profit, emphasizing the strong points and minimizing the weak ones of the company knowledgement and resource base. On the other hand, the advance strategies build the future profit, reinforce the strong points and try to eliminate the weak ones in the future company knowledgement and resource base. This research is characterized as an exploratory study, using quantitative and qualitatives methods, where the result is the identification of the surviving strategy for the twenty and one companies and both strategies (surviving and advance for the colored cotton cooperative.

  18. Spatial analysis of avoidable hospitalizations due to tuberculosis in Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil (2006-2012

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    Mellina Yamamura

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the spatial distribution of avoidable hospitalizations due to tuberculosis in the municipality of Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil, and to identify spatial and space-time clusters for the risk of occurrence of these events. METHODS This is a descriptive, ecological study that considered the hospitalizations records of the Hospital Information System of residents of Ribeirao Preto, SP, Southeastern Brazil, from 2006 to 2012. Only the cases with recorded addresses were considered for the spatial analyses, and they were also geocoded. We resorted to Kernel density estimation to identify the densest areas, local empirical Bayes rate as the method for smoothing the incidence rates of hospital admissions, and scan statistic for identifying clusters of risk. Softwares ArcGis 10.2, TerraView 4.2.2, and SaTScanTM were used in the analysis. RESULTS We identified 169 hospitalizations due to tuberculosis. Most were of men (n = 134; 79.2%, averagely aged 48 years (SD = 16.2. The predominant clinical form was the pulmonary one, which was confirmed through a microscopic examination of expectorated sputum (n = 66; 39.0%. We geocoded 159 cases (94.0%. We observed a non-random spatial distribution of avoidable hospitalizations due to tuberculosis concentrated in the northern and western regions of the municipality. Through the scan statistic, three spatial clusters for risk of hospitalizations due to tuberculosis were identified, one of them in the northern region of the municipality (relative risk [RR] = 3.4; 95%CI 2.7–4,4; the second in the central region, where there is a prison unit (RR = 28.6; 95%CI 22.4–36.6; and the last one in the southern region, and area of protection for hospitalizations (RR = 0.2; 95%CI 0.2–0.3. We did not identify any space-time clusters. CONCLUSIONS The investigation showed priority areas for the control and surveillance of tuberculosis, as well as the profile of the affected population, which shows

  19. On the morphology of Laevapex vazi n. sp. from Brazil (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Basommatophora: Ancylidae

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    Sonia Barbosa dos Santos

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available A description of Laevapex vazi n. sp. based on 8 specimens collectec in Ourinhos, state of São Paulo, is presented. Shell thin, diaphanous, with a light brown periostracum and moderately elliptical opening. Apex not pointed, smooth, situated on the right posterior region of the shell, inclined to the right often reaching the edge of the shell or extending beyond it. Concentric lines clearly visible; radial striation not visible or when perceptible very thin, here and there. Ratios: shell width/shell lenght = 0,60 - 0,67 (mean = 0,63; shell height/shell length = 0,50 - 0,61 (mean = 0,55; shell height/shell width = 0,33 - 0,40 (mean = 0,35. Body of normal ancylid type; mantle pigmentation concentrated on the left side; three muscles are seen: a round posterior one on the left side, an elliptical muscle on the right anterior side and an almost almond-shaped one on the left anterior side. Tentacles with a medium core of black pigment. Pseudobranch two-lobed and folded, the dorsal lobe smaller than the vetral one. Ovotestis with 20 unbranched diverticula, around a short collecting canal. Ovispermiduct with an enlargement with several round outpocketings constituting the seminal vesicle. Carrefour as a round sac. Albumen gland almost cylindrical with several acinous diverticula. Elongated nidamental gland continous with the galndular wall of the uterus; uterus flattened and thin-walled. Spermathecal body almost rounded. Pear-shaped prostate without diverticula. Penial complex without flagellum but with well-developed ultra-penis and penis. Jaw horseshoe shaped. Radular forma 20.1.20; raquidian tooth quadricuspid, asymmetrical. The genus Laevapex Walker, 1903 is recorded for the first time in Brazil. It is easily distinguished from South American Gundlachia Pfeiffer, 1849 by its penial complex. Laevapex vazi is dedicated to Dr. Jorge Faria Vaz, from SUCEN-SP, who have been sent to me the specimens.

  20. Laccomimus xikrin sp. nov. and new records of other species of Laccomimus Toledo & Michat, 2015 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Laccophilinae) from Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braga, Rafael Benzi; Ferreira, Nelson

    2016-08-18

    The genus Laccomimus Toledo & Michat, 2015 was recently erected for small drop-shape Dytiscidae beetles commonly found in Tropical South America associated with lentic waters. In the present paper a new species, Laccomimus xikrin sp. nov., is described and illustrated. New records from Brazil are presented for Laccomimus alvarengi Toledo & Michat, 2015 from Amazonas state, L. bordoni Toledo & Michat, 2015 from São Paulo state and L. variegatus Toledo & Michat, 2015 from Pará state.

  1. Brasacanthus sphoeroides gen. n., sp. n. (Acanthocephala, Echinorhynchidae from a coastal marine fish of Paraná State, Brazil

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    Vernon E. Thatcher

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Brasacanthus sphoeroides gen. n.. sp. n. is described from the marine fish, Sphoeroides greeleyi (Steindachner, taken in Paranaguá Bay, Paraná State, Brazil. The new genus differs from Acanthocephalus Koelreuter, 1771, the nearest genus in the family Echinorhynchidae, by having very flat and variable lemnisci in both sexes and a uterine egg reservoir in the female. The species is characterized by its spherical body form and in having parallel or diagonal testes.

  2. [Clinical relationships and ethical problems in primary care, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos Pavone Zoboli, Elma Lourdes

    2010-08-01

    to identify ethical problems in primary care according to nurses' and doctors' perceptions. to know ethical issues of patient-professional relationships in primary care. Synthesis to integrate and reinterpret primary results of qualitative studies. Primary healthcare centers, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS AND/OR CONTEXT: Incidental sample of 34 nurses and 36 medical doctors working in primary healthcare centers selected by convenience. Individual, semi-structured interviews to identity situations considered as sources of ethical problems. The sample is socially representative of primary care health centers and professionals. Data collection assured discourse saturation. Hermeneutic-dialectical discourse analysis was used to study the results. Patient-professional relationships and team work were the main sources of ethical problems. The most important problems were patient information, privacy, confidentiality, interpersonal relationship, linkage and patient autonomy. These issues reflect the recent changes in clinical relation ships and show the peculiarities of primary care with its continuous care which lasts a long time. Healthcare involves multiprofessional team work in the midst of the patient claims for autonomy. Good care of patients needs requires a relationship based on communication and cooperation, and includes feelings and values, with communication skills. Ethical problems in primary care are common situations. For quality and humane primary care the relationship should consist of dialogue, trust and cooperation. Copyright 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  3. Avaliação de potenciais interações medicamentosas em prescrições de pacientes internadas, em hospital público universitário especializado em saúde da mulher, em Campinas-SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRISCILA GAVA MAZZOLA

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Interação medicamentosa (IM é um evento clínico em que os efeitos de um fármaco são alterados pelo uso concomitante ou anterior de outro fármaco, alimento ou bebida. O estudo teve como objetivo identificar IM em prescrições da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI e Alojamento Conjunto (AC. Foram avaliadas 36 prescrições da UTI e 271 do AC. As IM foram listadas como graves, moderadas e menores. A base utilizada foi o site Drugs. Identificou-se 105 interações graves, 171 moderadas, 18 menores. Para as IM classificadas como graves, realizou-se estudo comparativo com a base DrugDex/Micromedex e com o software O Pharmacêutico, constatando-se que a IM de metoclopramida com tramadol que representava 63,16% das IM da UTI e 100% das IM do AC não são classificadas como graves. A identificação das IM de relevância clínica e o seu monitoramento permite tratamentos mais efetivos com o menor número possível de complicações causadas por IM. Palavras-chave: Interações medicamentosas. Análise de prescrição. Uso racional de medicamentos. ABSTRACT Drug interaction (DI is a common clinical occurrence, in which the effects of one drug are altered by the simultaneous or previous use of another drug, food or drink. The aim of this study was to identify DI in medical prescriptions issued in the intensive care unit (ICU and common shelter (CS at a public women’s hospital in Brazil. Thirty-six prescriptions from the ICU and 271 prescriptions from the CS were analyzed and the DIs classified as “major”, “moderate” and “minor”, based on the database at the website Drugs.com. At the ICU, 105 “major”, 171 “moderate” and 18 “minor” DIs were identified, while at the CS, the numbers found were 64, 64 and 4, respectively. For major DIs, a comparative analysis was carried out with another database, DrugDex/MicromedexTM, and the program OPharmaceuticoTM, revealing a lack of standardization and conflicting

  4. da atual mancha urbana de Campinas

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    Pedro Francisco Rossetto

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to retrace a stretch of “Estrada dos Goiases” (an old trail opened in 1722 by frontiersmen moving west over the urban area of present-day Campinas, basically through an analysis of aerial photographs dated June 1940. The result – i.e. the outline ensuing from the evidence gathered – coincides with the sketch presented by historian Celso Maria de Mello Pupo (PUPO, 1969, but it diverges from a traditional and prevailing opinion found in academic works concerning the history of this city, which is also discussed in the paper. Retracing the said stretch of the old route, to which Campinas owes its origins, is an important first step towards a clearer understanding of the subsequent development of the city´s urban contour

  5. sp

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vihar

    adopted as the first line drug. SP has few untoward effects if used carefully in therapeutic doses. Nausea, vomiting, generalized body weakness; diarrhea, skin rashes and hematological reactions are some of the associated side effects. The drug can cause severe skin reactions such as Steven Johnson's syndrome. This.

  6. Perfil dos compradores de tomate de mesa em supermercados da região de Campinas Market profile of fresh tomato consumers in the Campinas area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Andreuccetti

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available O acesso a informações e às mudanças tecnológicas fizeram com que consumidores se tornassem cada vez mais exigentes e preocupados com a saúde. Assim, procurou-se estabelecer o comportamento de compra dos consumidores de tomate de mesa (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. em supermercados de Campinas (SP, e a partir das respostas aos questionários traçou-se seu perfil destacando suas preferências, costumes, reclamações e exigências. Identificou-se que é a mulher que realiza as compras para casa, com preferência pelo consumo do tomate na forma "in natura". Encontrou-se insatisfação de 95,6% dos entrevistados quanto à qualidade do tomate, sendo a presença de danos físicos a maior reclamação. Assim, a qualidade do tomate que estava sendo apresentado nas gôndolas dos supermercados não correspondia àquela indicada pelos consumidores (frutos com coloração vermelha, uniformes e ausência de injúrias. Diante da insatisfação dos consumidores e considerando que o tomate preferencialmente é consumido "in natura" deve-se atentar para sua aparência externa, promovendo manuseio adequado nas etapas pós-colheita a fim de minimizar danos físicos. Os consumidores revelaram que pagariam uma quantia mais elevada pelo tomate caso este apresentasse melhor qualidade. A opinião do consumidor deve ser considerada para se encontrar soluções tecnológicas e/ou estratégicas que possam minimizar os danos pós-colheita do tomate, atingindo suas expectativas quanto à qualidade do produto.Access to information together with technological developments have helped to make consumers more preocupied about their health. A study was made of the buying habits of tomato consumers in supermarkets in Campinas (São Paulo State, Brazil. With the answers to the questionnaire to hand it was possible to determine the preferences, the customs, the complaints and the demands of the customers. It was established that it is the woman of the house who does the

  7. Human infection by Phagicola sp. (Trematoda, Heterophyidae) in the municipality of Registro, São Paulo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chieffi, P P; Gorla, M C; Torres, D M; Dias, R M; Mangini, A C; Monteiro, A V; Woiciechovski, E

    1992-10-01

    In 1988, nine cases of human parasitism by Phagicola sp. were diagnosed in the municipality of Registro (São Paulo State, Brazil) by stool examinations, in patients who ate raw mullet (Mugil sp.). Six (66%) of the nine patients suffered from flatulence and four (44%) had diarrhoeal episodes; six (66%) showed slight eosinophilia. On the same occasion, 61 dogs and 11 cats from Registro were also submitted to stool examination. Only one dog (1.6%) showed Phagicola eggs in the stool. All patients were treated with a single dose of praziquantel (50 mg kg-1 body weight) and control stool tests performed on the 15th, 30th and 60th days post-treatment showed no trematode eggs.

  8. First report of Lecanodiaspis dendrobii Douglas, 1892 (Hemiptera: Lecanodiaspididae) and the associated parasitoid Cephaleta sp. (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsaro Júnior, A L; Peronti, A L B G; Costa, V A; Morais, E G F; Pereira, P R V S

    2016-02-01

    Lecanodiaspis dendrobii Douglas, 1892 (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Lecanodiaspididae) and the associated parasitoid Cephaleta sp. (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) are reported for the first time in Brazil. Specimens of this scale insect were collected on branches and stems of Acacia mangium Willd., Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit (Fabaceae), Morus nigra L. (Moraceae), Citrus reticulata Blanco (Rutaceae), Tectona grandis L. f. (Verbenaceae), Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae), Annona squamosa L. and Xylopia aromatica (Lam.) Mart. (Annonaceae), in three municipalities of the Roraima state. All plants here mentioned are recorded for the first time as a host for L. dendrobii. Morphological characters of L. dendrobii and symptoms presented by the host plants infested by this pest are included in this work.

  9. Afforestation of Public Roads: the Neighborhood of The Case Garden of Water Magazine, in Araraquara, SP-Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Washington Lucas Miranda; Flávia Cristina Sossae; João A. Silva da Sé; Zildo Gallo

    2011-01-01

    Urban forestry in sidewalks is essential to the maintenance of life quality, offering comfort to the city inhabitants. However, there are problems caused mainly by the lack of planning in the implantation and management of urban forestry. The aims of this work have been to carry out qualitative and quantitative analyses of the tree individuals and to evaluate the index of green area/inhabitant of the section Jardim Águas do Paiol, in the city of AraraquaraSP, Brazil. The inventory showed 159 ...

  10. Linalool and methyl chavicol present basil (Ocimum sp. cultivated in Brazil Linalol e metil-chavicol presentes em manjericão (Ocimum sp. cultivados no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. de Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil, Ocimum species are commonly known as aromatic and restorative herbs. The present research aimed to study the chemical composition of the essential oils of fresh and dry basil (Ocimum sp leaves obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The obtained yield was 0.70% for dry leaves and 0.26% for fresh leaves. The major compounds were: linalool (29.50-32.26% and methyl chavicol (36.81-41.62%. Eucalyptol could also be detected (9.99-7.68%. The oil from dry leaves presented a more complex chemical composition. This study serves to contribute to the knowledge of medicinal plants occurring in Brazil.No Brasil, as espécies de Ocimum são conhecidas como ervas aromáticas e restaurativas. Nesse trabalho foi estudado a composição química dos óleos essenciais das folhas frescas e secas de manjericão (Ocimum sp obtido por hidrodestilação e analisados por CG-FID e CG-EM. Os teores encontrados foram de 0,70% para as folhas secas e 0,26% para as folhas frescas. Os componentes majoritários foram: Linalol (29,50-32,26% e metil-chavicol (36,81-41,62%. Eucaliptol também foi detectado (9,99-7,68%. O óleo das folhas secas apresentou composição química mais complexa. Esse trabalho contribui para o conhecimento das plantas medicinais de ocorrência no Brasil.

  11. Antitumoral activity of L-ascorbic acid-poly-D,L-(lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles containing violacein

    OpenAIRE

    Dorival Martins; Lucas Frungillo; Maristela C Anazzetti; et al

    2010-01-01

    Dorival Martins1, Lucas Frungillo2, Maristela C Anazzetti2, Patrícia S Melo3, Nelson Durán11Institute of Chemistry, Biological Chemistry Laboratory, Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP, C.P. 6154, CE P 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brazil; 2Institute of Biology, Cell Cultures and Biopharmaceutical Laboratory, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil; 3Campinas Integrated Metropolitan Faculties-METROCAMP, Campinas, SP, BrazilAbstract: It has been ...

  12. Sapromyza lopesi sp. n. from Brazil: a species related to S. duodecimvittata (Frey, 1919 (Diptera: Lauxaniidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. E. Shewell

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Sapromyza lopesi, is described from Brazil, and compared with its closest relative, S. duodecimvittata (Frey. Some remarks are made on the generic classification of South American Lauxaniidae as it affects these and other species.

  13. Acute diarrhoea associated with Cryptosporidium sp in Belém, Brazil (preliminary report)

    OpenAIRE

    Loureiro, Edvaldo Carlos Brito; Linhares, Alexandre da Costa; Mata, Leonardo

    1986-01-01

    Cryptosporidium sp was detected in faeces from three children suffering from acute diarrhoea. In two cases no other concomitant agents were detected and in a 3rd. this agent was associated with Entamoeba histolytic, Entamoeba coli, Endolimax nana, Chilomastix mesnili and Pentatricbomonas hominis. Amostras de Cryptosporidium sp foram detectadas das fezes de três crianças com diarréia aguda. Em dois casos nenhum outro agente foi registrado, concomitantemente, e no terceiro caso, esse coccidi...

  14. Aspergillus labruscus sp. nov., a new species of Aspergillus section Nigri discovered in Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fungaro, Maria Helena P.; Ferranti, Larissa S.; Massi, Fernanda Pelisson

    2017-01-01

    A novel fungal species, Aspergillus labruscus sp. nov., has been found in Brazil during an investigation of the fungal species present on the surface of grape berries (Vitis labrusca L.) for use in the production of concentrated grape juice. It seems to be associated to V. labrusca, and has never...

  15. Metschnikowia cerradonensis sp. nov., a yeast species isolated from ephemeral flowers and their nitidulid beetles in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carlos A; Lachance, Marc-André; Teixeira, Lia C R S; Pimenta, Raphael S; Morais, Paula B

    2007-01-01

    A novel yeast species, Metschnikowia cerradonensis sp. nov., is described from 12 strains isolated from flowers of Ipomoea carnea and from beetles of the genus Conotelus in the Cerrado ecosystem in the region of Jalapão, Tocantins State, Brazil. Analysis of the sequences of the rRNA gene cluster suggested that M. cerradonensis is closely related to Metschnikowia santaceciliae, Metschnikowia continentalis and an undescribed species represented by strain UWOPS 00-154.1. These species mate together but ascospores are very rarely formed, showing that they represent distinct biological species. M. cerradonensis is apparently endemic to the Cerrado ecosystem of the Jalapão area. The type strain of M. cerradonensis is UFMG 03-T67.1(T) (h(+)) (=CBS 10409(T)=NRRL Y-48067(T)) and the designated allotype is UFMG 03-T68.1 (h(-)) (=CBS 10410=NRRL Y-48068).

  16. Application of gamma radiation for recovery of papers infected by fungi: case study about Sao Luiz do Paraitinga, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auada, Fernanda Mokdessi; Bardi, Marcelo Augusto Gonçalves; Machado, Luci Diva Brocardo, E-mail: fmokdessi@usp.br, E-mail: lmachado@ipen.br, E-mail: marcelo.bardi@usf.edu.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Universidade São Francisco (USF), Bragança Paulista, SP (Brazil)

    2017-11-01

    The material studied in this work was flooded in the city of Sao Luiz do Paraitinga, SP, Brazil on January 2010 during a record flood suffered by the river that pass through the region. The documentary collection belonging to the City Hall underwent emergency drying and recovery treatments including irradiation with gamma rays to the destruction of various cellulosic fungi. Seven record books with many pages in blank and presenting severe fungal and mold infestation were provided by the Public Archive of the State of Sao Paulo, in charge of the damaged official documents, as samples for the present investigation on the effects of gamma radiation in the recovery and preservation of paper supported collections that are victims of biological contamination. This study represents a very rare possibility of working with a real object of actual use, which suffered a real disaster, and not with material prepared in laboratory and subjected to a forged flood situation. (author)

  17. Spathaspora arborariae sp. nov., a d-xylose-fermenting yeast species isolated from rotting wood in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadete, Raquel M; Santos, Renata O; Melo, Monaliza A; Mouro, Adriane; Gonçalves, Davi L; Stambuk, Boris U; Gomes, Fátima C O; Lachance, Marc-André; Rosa, Carlos A

    2009-12-01

    Four strains of a new yeast species were isolated from rotting wood from two sites in an Atlantic Rain Forest and a Cerrado ecosystem in Brazil. The analysis of the sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit rRNA gene showed that this species belongs to the Spathaspora clade. The new species ferments D-xylose efficiently and is related to Candida jeffriesii and Spathaspora passalidarum, both of which also ferment D-xylose. Similar to S. passalidarum, the new species produces unconjugated asci with a single greatly elongated ascospore with curved ends. The type strain of Spathaspora arborariae sp. nov. is UFMG-HM19.1A(T) (=CBS11463(T)=NRRL Y-48658(T)).

  18. First report of Lecanodiaspis dendrobii Douglas, 1892 (Hemiptera: Lecanodiaspididae and the associated parasitoid Cephaleta sp. (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. Marsaro Júnior

    Full Text Available Abstract Lecanodiaspis dendrobii Douglas, 1892 (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Lecanodiaspididae and the associated parasitoid Cephaleta sp. (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae are reported for the first time in Brazil. Specimens of this scale insect were collected on branches and stems of Acacia mangium Willd., Leucaena leucocephala (Lam. de Wit (Fabaceae, Morus nigra L. (Moraceae, Citrus reticulata Blanco (Rutaceae, Tectona grandis L. f. (Verbenaceae, Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae, Annona squamosa L. and Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae, in three municipalities of the Roraima state. All plants here mentioned are recorded for the first time as a host for L. dendrobii. Morphological characters of L. dendrobii and symptoms presented by the host plants infested by this pest are included in this work.

  19. Penicillium excelsum sp. nov from the Brazil Nut Tree Ecosystem in the Amazon Basin'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taniwaki, Marta Hiromi; Pitt, John I; Iamanaka, Beatriz T.

    2015-01-01

    A new Penicillium species, P. excelsum, is described here using morphological characters, extrolite and partial sequence data from the ITS, β-tubulin and calmodulin genes. It was isolated repeatedly using samples of nut shells and flowers from the brazil nut tree, Bertolletia excelsa, as well...

  20. Pilidiella tibouchinae sp. nov. associated with foliage blight of Tibouchina granulosa (quaresmeira) in Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miranda, B.E.; Barreto, R.W.; Crous, P.W.; Groenewald, J.Z.

    2012-01-01

    Tibouchina granulosa (Melastomataceae), Brazilian glorytree (Brazilian common name - quaresmeira), a common tree of the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, is widely used as an ornamental for its violet or pink blossoms. Little is known about fungal diseases affecting this species, although these represent a

  1. First report of Coelomomyces santabrancae sp. nov. (Blastocladiomycetes: Blastocladiales) infecting mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in central Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueda-Páramo, M E; Montalva, C; Arruda, W; Fernandes, É K K; Luz, C; Humber, R A

    2017-10-01

    A project from 2013 to 2017 sought to discover pathogenic fungi and oomycetes from dipteran species that are vectors of major diseases of humans and animals in central Brazil and to begin evaluating the potential of these pathogens as potential biological control agents concentrated on mosquito larvae. Some collecting sites proved to be especially productive for pathogens of naturally occurring mosquito species and for placements of healthy sentinel larvae of Aedes aegypti in various sorts of containers in a gallery forest in the Santa Branca Ecoturismo Private Reserve of Natural Patrimony (RPPN) near Terezópolis de Goiás (GO). Collections during May-April of 2016 and February 2017 yielded a few dead mosquito larvae of an undetermined Onirion sp. (Culicidae: Sabethini) whose hemocoels contained many ovoid, thick-walled, yellow-golden to golden-brown, ovoid thick-walled resistant sporangia, 38.3±4×22.8±2.3µm, decorated by numerous, closely and randomly spaced punctations of variable size and shape. These were the first indisputable collections from Brazil of any Coelomomyces species. Comparisons of the morphology of these sporangia with those of other species of Coelomomyces, confirmed that this Brazilian fungus represented a new species that is described here as Coelomomyces santabrancae. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  2. Experimental and molecular study of cercariae of Clinostomum sp. (Trematoda: Clinostomidae) from Biomphalaria spp. (Mollusca: Planorbidae) in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, H A; Caffara, M; Fioravanti, M L; Melo, A L

    2015-02-01

    Despite the large number of reports of species of Clinostomum from vertebrate hosts in South America, studies evaluating the molluscan transmitters of these parasites are scarce. In the present study, clinostomatoid cercariae shed from 0.02% (4/17,485) specimens of Biomphalaria spp., collected at the Pampulha reservoir, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, were used for experimental infection of Poecilia reticulata . Samples of cercariae from molluscs and metacercariae experimentally obtained from fish were subjected to morphological and molecular analyses and compared with species of Clinostomum reported in the Americas. The cercariae and metacercariae, here identified as Clinostomum sp., present general morphology similar to that reported for Clinostomum marginatum , however, from molecular point of view, differ significantly from North American C. marginatum and other species of Clinostomum reported in South America. These results suggest that the diversity of Clinostomum found in Brazil may be underestimated. Additional studies aimed at molecular characterization of South American species of Clinostomum, including the finding of specimens with sequences similar to that reported for C. marginatum in North America are required.

  3. Larval Pseudoproleptus sp. (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) found in the Amazon river prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moravec, Frantisek; Santos, Cláudia P

    2009-06-01

    Previously undescribed infective larvae of the cystidicolid nematode Pseudoproleptus sp. (probably conspecific with the nematode originally described as Heliconema izecksohni Fabio, 1982, a parasite of freshwater fish in Brazil), were found encapsulated in the hemocel of the Amazon river prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller) (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) from the natural canals on the Mexiana Island (Amazon River Delta), Pardá State, Brazil. The prevalence in prawns (body length 48-110 mm) examined in January and March 2008 (n = 44) was 32%, with an intensity of 1-6 (mean 2) larvae per crustacean. The nematode larvae (body length 19.7-25.7 mm), characterized by the cephalic end provided with a helmet-like cuticular structure having a thickened free posterior margin, are described based on light and scanning electron microscopy. Apparently prawns play a role as intermediate hosts for this nematode species. This is the first record of a larval representative of Cystidicolidae in South America and the first record of a species of Pseudoproleptus Khera, 1955, in the Neotropics. Heliconema izecksohni is transferred to Pseudoproleptus as Pseudoproleptus izecksohni (Fabio, 1982) n. comb.

  4. Acute diarrhoea associated with Cryptosporidium sp in Belém, Brazil (preliminary report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edvaldo Carlos Brito Loureiro

    1986-04-01

    Full Text Available Cryptosporidium sp was detected in faeces from three children suffering from acute diarrhoea. In two cases no other concomitant agents were detected and in a 3rd. this agent was associated with Entamoeba histolytic, Entamoeba coli, Endolimax nana, Chilomastix mesnili and Pentatricbomonas hominis.

  5. Description of Coloborhynchus spielbergi sp. nov. (Pterodactyloidea) from the Albian (Lower Cretaceous) of Brazil.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldmeijer, A.J.

    2003-01-01

    A new species of pterosaur, Coloborhynchus spielbergi sp. nov. (Pterodactyloidea), from the Romualdo Member (Albian) of the Santana Formation is described. The type consists of the skull, mandible and many of the post-cranial bones. The specimen displays a high degree of co-ossification indicating

  6. Erythrodiplax leticia, n.sp. of dragonfly from northeastern Brazil (Odonata, Libellulidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Angelo B. M. Machado

    1995-01-01

    Erythrodiplax leticia sp.n. is described based on nine male specimens, most of which collected at Chapada Diamantina, State of Bahia. The new species is close to Erythrodiplax fervida (Erichson, 1848) but differs from it by the size. venation. extension of the basal wing spots. and structure of the superior anal appendages.

  7. Trifurcatia flabellata n. gen. n. sp., a putative monocotyledon angiosperm from the Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Mohr

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation (northeast Brazil contains plant remains, here described as Trifurcatia flabellata n. gen. and n. sp., consisting of shoot fragments with jointed trifurcate axes, each axis bearing a single amplexicaul serrate leaf at the apex. The leaves show a flabellate acrodromous to parallelodromous venation pattern, with several primary, secondary and higher order cross-veins. This very unique fossil taxon shares many characters with monocots. However, this fossil taxon exhibits additional features which point to a partly reduced, and specialized plant, which probably enabled this plant to grow in (seasonally dry, even salty environments. In der unterkretazischen Cratoformation (Nordostbrasilien sind Pflanzenfossilien erhalten, die hier als Trifurcatia flabellata n. gen. n. sp. beschrieben werden. Sie bestehen aus trifurcaten Achsen, mit einem apikalen amplexicaulen fächerförmigen serraten Blatt. Diese Blätter zeigen eine flabellate bis acrodrome-paralellodrome Aderung mit Haupt- und Nebenadern und transversale Adern 3. Ordnung. Diese Merkmale sind typisch für Monocotyledone. Allerdings weist dieses Taxon einige Merkmale auf, die weder bei rezenten noch fossilen Monocotyledonen beobachtet werden. Sie müssen als besondere Anpassungen an einen (saisonal trockenen und vielleicht übersalzenen Lebensraum dieser Pflanze interpretiert werden. doi:10.1002/mmng.20020050121

  8. Spathaspora piracicabensis f. a., sp. nov., a D-xylose-fermenting yeast species isolated from rotting wood in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varize, Camila S; Cadete, Raquel M; Lopes, Lucas D; Christofoleti-Furlan, Renata M; Lachance, Marc-André; Rosa, Carlos A; Basso, Luiz C

    2017-11-09

    Two strains of a novel yeast species were isolated from rotting wood of an ornamental tree (purple quaresmeira, Tibouchina granulosa, Melastomataceae) in an Atlantic Rainforest area in Brazil. Analysis of the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS-5.8S) region and the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene showed that this species belongs to the Spathaspora clade, and is phylogenetically related to Spathaspora brasiliensis, Candida materiae and Sp. girioi. The novel species ferments D-xylose, producing ethanol, with amounts between 3.37 and 3.48 g L(-1) ethanol from 2% D-xylose. Ascospores were not observed from this new species. The name Spathaspora piracicabensis f. a., sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain is UFMG-CM-Y5867(T) (= CBS 15054(T) = ESALQ-I54(T)). The MycoBank number is MB 822,320.

  9. Description of Rhodnius marabaensis sp. n. (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) from Pará State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Eder Dos Santos; Von Atzingen, Noé Carlos Barbosa; Furtado, Maria Betânia; de Oliveira, Jader; Nascimento, Juliana Damieli; Vendrami, Daniel Pagotto; Gardim, Sueli; da Rosa, João Aristeu

    2016-01-01

    Rhodnius marabaensissp. n. was collected on 12 May 2014 in the Murumurú Environmental Reserve in the city of Marabá, Pará State, Brazil. This study was based on previous consultation of morphological descriptions of 19 Rhodnius species and compared to the identification key for the genus Rhodnius. The examination included specimens from 18 Rhodnius species held in the Brazilian National and International Triatomine Taxonomy Reference Laboratory in the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The morphological characteristics of the head, thorax, abdomen, genitalia, and eggs have been determined. Rhodnius prolixus and Rhodnius robustus were examined in more detail because the BLAST analysis of a cyt-b sequence shows they are closely related to the new species, which also occurs in the northern region of Brazil. The most notable morphological features that distinguish Rhodnius marabaensissp. n. are the keel-shaped apex of the head, the length of the second segment of the antennae, the shapes of the prosternum, mesosternum and metasternum, the set of spots on the abdomen, the male genitalia, the posterior and ventral surfaces of the external female genitalia, and the morphological characteristics of the eggs. Rhodnius jacundaensis Serra, Serra & Von Atzingen (1980) nomen nudum specimens deposited at the Maraba Cultural Center Foundation - MCCF were examined and considered as a synonym of Rhodnius marabaensissp. n.

  10. Occurrence of the parasitoid Anastatus sp. in eggs of Leptoglossus zonatus under the maize in Brazil Ocorrência do parasitóide Anastatus sp. em ovos de Leptoglossus zonatus em milho no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique Marchiori

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to report, for the first time in Brazil, the occurrence of the parasitoid Anastatus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae in eggs of Leptoglossus zonatus (Hemiptera: Coreidae on maize (Zea mays L. in Itumbiara County, State of Goias, Brazil (18°25'S; 49°13'W. Percent parasitism was 6.9%.O objetivo dessa nota é registrar a primeira ocorrência, no Brasil, do parasitóide Anastatus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae em ovos de Leptoglossus zonatus (Hemiptera: Coreidae em cultivar de milho em Itumbiara, Estado de Goiás (18°25'S; 49°13'W. A porcentagem de parasitismo foi de 6,9%.

  11. Penicillium excelsum sp. nov from the Brazil Nut Tree Ecosystem in the Amazon Basin’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniwaki, Marta Hiromi; Pitt, John I.; Iamanaka, Beatriz T.; Massi, Fernanda P.; Fungaro, Maria Helena P.; Frisvad, Jens C.

    2015-01-01

    A new Penicillium species, P. excelsum, is described here using morphological characters, extrolite and partial sequence data from the ITS, β-tubulin and calmodulin genes. It was isolated repeatedly using samples of nut shells and flowers from the brazil nut tree, Bertolletia excelsa, as well as bees and ants from the tree ecosystem in the Amazon rainforest. The species produces andrastin A, curvulic acid, penicillic acid and xanthoepocin, and has unique partial β-tubulin and calmodulin gene sequences. The holotype of P. excelsum is CCT 7772, while ITAL 7572 and IBT 31516 are cultures derived from the holotype. PMID:26717519

  12. Molecular and serological detection of Leishmania spp. in captive wild animals from Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jusi, Márcia Mariza Gomes; Starke-Buzetti, Wilma Aparecida; Oliveira, Trícia Maria Ferreira de Sousa; Tenório, Michely da Silva; Sousa, Lúcio de Oliveira de; Machado, Rosangela Zacarias

    2011-01-01

    Leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease that affects 12 million people worldwide. Several mammalian species can serve as a reservoir for this disease. Dogs are the main reservoir for visceral leishmaniasis in urban areas, which has become a serious public health concern in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Leishmania spp. in captive wild animals from Ilha Solteira, São Paulo, Brazil. Blood and various tissues samples were collected from animals of five different species: Speothos venaticus, Chrysocyon brachyurus, Cerdocyon thous, Pseudalopex vetulus, and Procyon cancrivorus. Antibodies against Leishmania spp. were detected in three wild canids by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). PCR analyses of blood and bone marrow from all animals were negative, but Leishmania DNA was found in the tissues and skin of seropositive animals. Positive PCR samples were also positive for Leishmania donovani complex. Analysis of sequenced PCR products showed similarities with different regions of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi kinetoplastids. Measures to control visceral leishmaniasis in wild animals kept in Brazilian zoos should be established, as no disease control programs are currently available.

  13. Antibiotic resistance and enterotoxin genes in Staphylococcus sp. isolates from polluted water in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA P. BASSO

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the species distribution, antibiotic-resistance profile and presence of enterotoxin (SE genes in staphylococci isolated from the Dilúvio stream in South Brazil. Eighty-eight staphylococci were identified, 93.18% were identified as coagulase-negative (CNS and 6.82% coagulase-positive (CPS. Fourteen Staphylococcus species were detected and the most frequently were Staphylococcus cohnii (30.48% and S. haemolyticus (21.95%. Resistance to erythromycin was verified in 37.50% of the strains, followed by 27.27% to penicillin, 12.50% to clindamycin, 6.81% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 5.68% to chloramphenicol and 2.27% to norfloxacin. None of the investigated strains showed gentamicin and ciprofloxacin resistance. The strains were tested for the presence of sea, seb, sec, sed and see genes by PCR and only CNS strains (43.18% showed positive results to one or more SE genes. The scientific importance of our results is due to the lack of data about these topics in polluted waters in Brazil. In conclusion, polluted waters from the Dilúvio stream may constitute a reservoir for disseminating antibiotic-resistance and enterotoxin into the community. In addition, the detection of staphylococci in the polluted waters of the Dilúvio stream indicated a situation of environmental contamination and poor sanitation conditions.

  14. First report of Strongyloides sp. (Nematoda, Strongyloididae) in Leopardus tigrinus (Carnivora: Felidae) in the municipality of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Karina R; Faciulli, Paula; Paparotto, Telma; Takahira, Regina K; Lopes, Raimundo S; da Silva, Reinaldo J

    2009-12-01

    The present study reports the first case of infection by Strongyloides sp. in Leopardus tigrinus in the municipality of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Feces of the infected L. tigrinus specimen were cultivated in sterilized equine feces and a cat (Felis catus domesticus) was experimentally infected with three thousand infective L3 subcutaneous route, in order to identify the Strongyloides species involved in the parasitism. Parthenogenetic females recovered from the experimental animals were analyzed but comparison between the biometric data found and the data in the literature did not enable identification of the species. This is the first report on the occurrence of Strongyloides sp. in L. tigrinus.

  15. Local Climate Zones Classification to Urban Planning in the Mega City of São Paulo - SP, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves Santos, Rafael; Saraiva Lopes, António Manuel; Prata-Shimomura, Alessandra

    2017-04-01

    Local Climate Zones Classification to Urban Planning in the Mega city of São Paulo - SP, Brazil Tropical megacities have presented a strong trend in growing urban. Urban management in megacities has as one of the biggest challenges is the lack of integration of urban climate and urban planning to promote ecologically smart cities. Local Climatic Zones (LCZs) are considered as important and recognized tool for urban climate management. Classes are local in scale, climatic in nature, and zonal in representation. They can be understood as regions of uniform surface cover, structure, material and human activity that have to a unique climate response. As an initial tool to promote urban climate planning, LCZs represent a simple composition of different land coverages (buildings, vegetation, soils, rock, roads and water). LCZs are divided in 17 classes, they are based on surface cover (built fraction, soil moisture, albedo), surface structure (sky view factor, roughness height) and cultural activity (anthropogenic heat flux). The aim of this study is the application of the LCZs classification system in the megacity of São Paulo, Brazil. Located at a latitude of 23° 21' and longitude 46° 44' near to the Tropic of Capricorn, presenting humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with diversified topographies. The megacity of São Paulo currently concentrates 11.890.000 inhabitants is characterized by large urban conglomerates with impermeable surfaces and high verticalization, having as result high urban heat island intensity. The result indicates predominance in urban zones of Compact low-rise, Compact Mid-rise, Compact High-rise and Open Low-rise. Non-urban regions are mainly covered by dense vegetation and water. The LCZs classification system promotes significant advantages for climate sensitive urban planning in the megacity of São Paulo. They offers new perspectives to the management of temperature and urban ventilation and allows the formulation of urban planning

  16. [Mortality associated with nosocomial infection, occurring in a general hospital of Sumaré-SP, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimarães, Aline Caixeta; Donalisio, Maria Rita; Santiago, Thaiana Helena Roma; Freire, June Barreiros

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the socio-demographic profile, clinical procedures and etiology of nosocomial infection associated with deaths in the Hospital Estadual Sumaré, state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2007 to 2008. The retrospective study of medical records (n = 133) revealed an average of 35 days of hospitalization. Most patients (97%) underwent some invasive procedure associated with nosocomial infection (p ≤ 0.05), including: 90 (67.7%) pneumonia, 62 (46.6%), urinary infections and 97 (73%) septicemia. Infection was the leading cause of death in 75 (56.4%) cases, with defined etiology in 110 (82.7%); 34 (30.9%) because of microorganisms that were multidrug-resistant. The most common was Staphylococcus aureus (25%), related to pneumonia and blood stream infection. The monitoring of hospital infection contributed to intervention at risk situation and death.

  17. Bioprospecting Anticancer Compounds from the Marine-Derived Actinobacteria Actinomadura sp. Collected at the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Silva,Amaro E. T.; Guimarães, Larissa A.; Ferreira,Elthon G.; Torres, Maria da Conceição M.; Silva, Alison B. da; Branco, Paola C.; Oliveira, Francisca Andréa S.; Silva, Genivaldo G Z; Wilke, Diego V.; Silveira,Edilberto R.; Pessoa,Otília Deusdenia L; Jimenez, Paula C.; Leticia V. Costa-Lotufo

    2017-01-01

    The actinomycete strain BRA 177 was recovered from sediment samples collected at the St. Peter and St. Paul Archipelago, Brazil. This work accessed the ability of this strain, identified as Actinomadura sp., to produce bioactive metabolites by exploring the genome and characterizing chemistry and cytotoxicity of isolated compounds. From the crude ethyl acetate extract, the pigments nonylprodigiosin, cyclononylprodigiosin and methylcyclooctilprodigiosin were isolated and displayed cytotoxicity...

  18. Sanguinicola platyrhynchi n. sp. (Digenea: Sanguinicolidae parasite of visceral cavity of Hemisorubim platyrhynchos (Valenciennes, 1840 (Pisces: Pimelodidae from the floodplain of the upper Paraná River, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUIDELLI G. M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species is of the genus Sanguinicola Plehn, 1905 described, Sanguinicola platyrhynchi n. sp., digenetic parasite of visceral cavity of Hemisorubim platyrhynchos (Valenciennes, 1840 from the floodplain of the upper Paraná River, Brazil. The species has been thus included because of the presence of separate dorsal genital pores, while differing from other species of the same genus mainly in digestive apparatus features, genital pore position, and infection site. Emendation of generic diagnosis is included.

  19. Consumo de drogas psicoativas por adolescentes escolares de Assis, SP Psychoactive drug use in school age adolescents, Brazil

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    José Luiz Guimarães

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de quantificar o consumo das diferentes drogas psicoativas entre os estudantes da cidade de Assis, SP, e investigar as variáveis relacionadas com seu uso, foi aplicado um questionário que identificava dados sociodemográficos e padrão de uso não-médico de psicotrópicos em 20% dos estudantes das escolas públicas e privadas da cidade. Os maiores índices de consumo para o uso na vida foram os do álcool com 68,9% e o tabaco com 22,7%. As drogas mais utilizadas foram: solventes (10,0%; maconha (6,6%; ansiolíticos (3,8%; anfetamínicos (2,6%; cocaína (1,6% e anticolinérgicos (1,0%.To quantify psychoactive drug use and investigate use-related variables among students of Assis, Brazil, a questionnaire was administered to collect sociodemographic data and identify the pattern of non-medical use of psychoactive drugs in 20% of public and private school students. The largest consumption indexes for lifetime use were seen for alcohol (68.9% and tobacco (22.7%. Drugs most often used were: solvents (10.0%; marijuana (6.6%; benzodiazepines (3.8%; amphetamines (2.6%; cocaine (1.6%; and anticholinergics (1.0%.

  20. Cryptosporidium sp. in children suffering from acute diarrhea at Uberlândia City, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Margareth Leitão Gennari-Cardoso

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available This study's objective was to search for Cryptosporidium sp. in diarrheic feces from children aged zero to 12 years and cared for at medical units within Universidade Federal de Uberlândia or at a private practice in Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from September 1992 to August 1993. Three fecal samples preserved in 10% formalin, were collected from 94 children. Oocyst concentration was performed through Ritchie's (modified method and staining of fecal smears for each sample (total of 1128 slides was done by the "Safranin/Methylene Blue" and the "Kinyoun (modified" techniques. The Hoffmann, Pons & Janer method was also employed to look for other enteroparasites. From 94 children, 4.26% excreted fecal Cryptosporidium oocysts. The infection seemed to vary according to age: 5.08% of patients aged zero to two years old; 33.33% of those aging eight to ten years (P>0.05. Cryptosporidium appeared in November, December and March, during the rainy season. 20.21% of the children harbored at least one enteroparasite different from Cryptosporidium, mainly Giardia intestinalis (12.77%. From Cryptosporidium infected patients, two had only this kind, another harbored Giardia intestinalis; the last one hosted Strongyloides stercoralis.

  1. Occurrence of aflatoxins M(1) and M(2) in milk commercialized in Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido, N S; Iha, M H; Santos Ortolani, M R; Duarte Fávaro, R M

    2003-01-01

    Aflatoxins are toxic metabolites found in foods and feeds. When ruminants eat foodstuffs containing aflatoxins B(1) and B(2), these toxins are metabolized and excreted as aflatoxin M(1) and M(2) in milk. The aim was to determine the incidence of these aflatoxins in commercial milk collected from supermarkets in Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil, and consisting of 60 ultrahigh temperature (UHT) milk samples and 79 pasteurized milk samples. The milk samples were analysed according to method 986.16 of AOAC International. None of the milk samples analysed were contaminated with aflatoxin M(2), and aflatoxin M(1) was detected in 29 (20.9%) of samples in the range 50-240 ng l(-1). The results show that despite a high occurrence of aflatoxin M(1) in commercial pasteurized and UHT milk sold in Ribeirão Preto in 1999 and 2000, the contamination level of these toxins could not be considered a serious public health problem according to MERCOSUR Technical Regulations. However, levels in 20.9% of the milk samples exceeded the concentration of 50 ng l(-1) permitted by the European Union. Although it is not necessary to continue monitoring the incidence and levels of aflatoxins M(1) and M(2) in milk samples, surveillance could be appropriate.

  2. Individual determinants of fish choosing in open-air street markets from Santo André, SP/Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcellos, Juliana Parreira; Vasconcellos, Silvio Arruda; Pinheiro, Sonia Regina; de Oliveira, Thaís Helena Nishikata; Ribeiro, Naassom Almeida Souza; Martins, Cassia Neves; Porfírio, Bruno Augusti; Sanches, Sandra Abelardo; de Souza, Orlando Bispo; Telles, Evelise Oliveira; Balian, Simone de Carvalho

    2013-09-01

    The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of fish consumption in the population that attends open-air street markets in the city of Santo André, SP, Brazil.We performed a survey, covering approximately 482 people in 49 street markets.It consisted of free-answer questions, half open choice and half multiple-choice options, for the identification and evaluation of socioeconomic factors that facilitate and hinder fish consumption.A descriptive analysis of the data and further tests were used to determine the association between variables and linearity with consumption, with a significance level of 5%. The most commonly cited types of fish consumed were hake, sardine and dogfish. The factors that facilitate the purchase and consumption of fish are listed as follows: a preference for purchasing fish at street markets, appearance, firmness, fresh presentation, frozen presentation, as well as the respondent's education and individual monthly income. Limiting factors were identified as the price and the presence of spines. Perishability, odour, ethnicity, proximity to points of sale of residence and work, gender, age, number of people in the household, presence of children and acquisition supermarket were not characteristics that influenced decisions about fish consumption. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Occurrence of Giardia intestinalis and Cryptosporidium sp. in wastewater samples from São Paulo State, Brazil, and Lima, Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa-Stanojlović, Francisco Miroslav; Aguiar, Bruna; Jara, Luis M; Sato, Maria Inês Zanoli; Guerrero, Juana Arzola; Hachich, Elayse; Matté, Glavur Rogério; Dropa, Milena; Matté, Maria Helena; de Araújo, Ronalda Silva

    2016-11-01

    The objectives of the study were to detect and genotype Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia intestinalis in wastewater samples obtained from five cities with high transit of people in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, and at the entrance of a Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) in Lima, Peru. Samples were collected and concentrated by centrifugation. The genomic DNA was extracted for molecular characterization by nested PCR for Cryptosporidium and double nested PCR for Giardia, followed by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. G. intestinalis was found in 63.6 % of the samples, and the human assemblages A and B were identified. Cryptosporidium sp. was found in 36.4 % of the samples, and the species were corresponding to Cryptosporidium hominis, Cryptosporidium cuniculus, and Cryptosporidium muris. Results revealed the presence of human pathogenic Cryptosporidium species and G. intestinalis human pathogenic assemblages. Molecular tools highlight the importance to map the genetic diversity of these parasites, as well as to detect their epidemiological circulation pathway in the environment.

  4. Variability of the Atlantic Forest based on the EVI index and climate variables in Cunha-SP, Brazil

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    Marianna Fernandes Santana

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the variability of the Atlantic Forest in the municipality of Cunha-SP, Brazil, based EVI index (Enhanced Vegetation Index and climatic variables (air temperature and rainfall. Images of MOD13Q1 product from MODIS sensor, which represent the index EVI were used. The descriptive statistics and multiple were applied to climate variables and EVI for the cycle 2007/2008 (strong La Niña event. The lowest average values of the rain were found for 2008 (171.60 mm, while the highest average rainfall was found for 2007 (187.02 mm. The vegetation behaved in a manner contrary, where the lowest average EVI index was found for 2007 (0.38, already 2008 had the highest rate (0.46, respectively. The coefficient of determination between the rainfall and the EVI in 2007 (R² = 0.43 higher than in 2008 (R² = 0.12, followed by correlation indexes in 2007 (r = 0.65 and 2008 (r = 0.34. However, both indexes were low, except correlation index in 2007. In the multiple regression analysis for the year 2007 obtained 87% correlation, while in 2008 only 27%. There is no correlation between vegetation and air temperature.

  5. Oral health and quality of life: an epidemiological survey of adolescents from settlement in Pontal do Paranapanema/SP, Brazil

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    Milene Moreira Leão

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to verify oral health, treatment needs, dental service accessibility, and impact of oral health on quality of life (QL of subjects from settlement in Pontal do Paranapanema/SP, Brazil. In this epidemiological survey, 180 10-to 19- years old adolescents enrolled in the school that attend this population in settlement underwent oral examination, to verify caries index (DMFT- decayed, missing and filled teeth and periodontal condition (CPI, and were interviewed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref and Oral Impact Daily Performance (OIDP instruments to evaluate QL, and the Global School-Based Health Survey (GSHS about dental service accessibility. DMFT average was 5.49 (± 3.33. Overall, 37.2% of participants showed periodontal problems, mainly CPI = 1 (77.7%. Treatment needs were mainly restorations. GSHS showed that the last dental consultation occurred > 1 year previously for 58.3% of participants at a public health center (78.9%. The average WHOQOL-Bref was 87.59 (± 15.23. Social relationships were related to dental caries and health service type. The average OIDP was 6.49 (± 9.15. The prevalence of caries was high and observed periodontal problems were reversible. The social relationships of adolescents from settlement were influenced by caries and health services type.

  6. Afforestation of Public Roads: the Neighborhood of The Case Garden of Water Magazine, in Araraquara, SP-Brazil

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    Washington Lucas Miranda

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Urban forestry in sidewalks is essential to the maintenance of life quality, offering comfort to the city inhabitants. However, there are problems caused mainly by the lack of planning in the implantation and management of urban forestry. The aims of this work have been to carry out qualitative and quantitative analyses of the tree individuals and to evaluate the index of green area/inhabitant of the section Jardim Águas do Paiol, in the city of AraraquaraSP, Brazil. The inventory showed 159 trees belonging to 15 families, being Licania tomentosa (Benth. Fritsch (oiti the most frequent, with 23,71% and the least frequent, Schinus lentiscifoluis (pimenteira, with 1,92%. The total area of tree tops found in the streets and avenues of the section was 1.818,82 m2 and the green area ratio was 18,43m2 /inhabitant. The majority of the trees which are planted on the sidewalks don't conflict with aerial electric and telephone lines.

  7. Emergency care for victims of violence and accidents: differences in the epidemiological profile between the public and private health services. VIVA--Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2009/Atendimentos de emergencia a vitimas de violencias e acidentes: diferencas no perfil epidemiologico entre o setor publico e o privado. VIVA--Campinas/SP, 2009

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Belon, Ana Paula; da Silveira, Naoko Yanagizawa Jardim; Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo; Baldo, Caroline; da Silva, Marta Maria Alves

    2012-01-01

    .... In the sample of 1094 victims, 67.8% were treated by public health. Traffic accidents, animal-related accidents, and assaults were 2 times higher in public units, whereas collisions with objects and sprains were 75% and...

  8. Modelos da distribuição temporal de chuvas intensas em Piracicaba, SP Time distribution models of intense rainfall in Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

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    Décio E. Cruciani

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo da variação temporal de chuvas intensas é de grande importância na hidrologia, para a análise e previsão de eventos extremos, necessárias em projetos de controle de engenharia. Com esse objetivo, foram analisados dados de pluviogramas da cidade de Piracicaba, SP, do período de 1966 a 2000, para se determinar a distribuição temporal de chuvas intensas de 60 e de 120 min de duração. As chuvas de 60 min foram subdivididas em três intervalos iguais e sucessivos de 20 min cada um, enquanto as chuvas de 120 min foram subdivididas em quatro intervalos iguais e sucessivos de 30 min cada um. O modelo de distribuição da precipitação que predominou para as chuvas de 60 e 120 min, foi do tipo exponencial negativo, com 85,7 e 50,7% dos casos, respectivamente. Para as chuvas de 60 min, com altura pluviométrica média de 20,7 mm, a distribuição foi de 72,3, 21,4 e 6,2% do total precipitado, respectivamente, nos três intervalos sucessivos de 20 min. Para as chuvas de 120 min, com altura pluviométrica média de 33,3 mm, o resultado foi de 60,1, 25,2, 11,1 e 3,6%, respectivamente, nos quatro intervalos sucessivos de 30 min. O modelo de distribuição temporal dessas chuvas não foi modificado pelo total precipitado nem pela sua duração, nos intervalos em questão.Time distribution models of intense and short rains are very important in hydrology and for extreme predictions in engineering projects. With this purpose, rain data of Piracicaba, SP, Brazil, from 1966 to 2000 were analyzed to establish time distribution models of 60 and 120 min intense rains, during the rainy season from October through March. Time distribution models were assessed by three intervals of twenty minutes duration, for 60 min rains and by four intervals of thirty minutes duration for 120 min rains. The prevailing precipitation model for both, 60 and 120 min rains was a negative exponential distribution, in 85.7 and 50.7% of cases, respectively. For 60 min

  9. [Presence of intestinal parasites in vegetables sold in the metropolitan area of São Paulo-SP, Brazil. II--Research on intestinal protozoans].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, C A; Germano, P M

    1992-10-01

    Vegetables in nature, commercially traded in the metropolitan area of S. Paulo, Brazil, were analyzed by means of the appropriate methodology with a view to discovering and identifying protozoan cysts of medical interest. The vegetables under study consisted of 50 samples of each of the varieties listed below: lettuce (Lactuca sativa)-oily leaves and crisp-head varieties, endive (Chicorium sp) and watercress (Nasturtium officinale). Results showed high rates of contamination in all the varieties of vegetable analysed. However, the watercress was the one which presented the highest frequencies of enteroparasites. Both the oily leaves and crisp-head varieties of lettuce presented the lowest rates of contamination, whereas endive presented values ranking, in general, between those of the lettuce and those of the watercress. A great variety of those protozoans which occur frequently in the population resident in the metropolitan area of S. Paulo were observed in the samples, the most frequent being Entamoeba sp (with 4 and 8 nuclei) and Giardia sp. Cysts of Iodamoeba sp, Endolimax sp and Chilomastix sp were also recovered from the samples, thus corroborating the occurrence of high rates of fecal contamination. The significance of these kinds of food in the transmission of protozoans is discussed in the light of the results obtained.

  10. Fatores ambientais relacionados à ocorrência de cianobactérias potencialmente tóxicas no reservatório de Guarapiranga, SP, Brasil/Environmental factors related to the occurrence of potentially toxic cyanobacteria in Guarapiranga Reservoir, SP, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Leila dos Santos Machado; Larissa Gonçalves Santos; Julio Cesar Lopez Doval; Marcelo Luiz Martins Pompêo; Viviane Moschini-Carlos

    2016-01-01

      The objective of this study was to investigate which environmental variables are correlated to the occurrence and dominance of potentially toxic species in Guarapiranga Reservoir, in the metropolitan region of Säo Paulo/SP - Brazil...

  11. Analysis and characterization of a japanese garden in Ribeirão Preto (SP, Brazil

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    Marcos Vieira Ferraz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Japanese Garden of the Fábio Barreto Municipal Forest/Zoo in Ribeirão Preto, state of São Paulo, Brazil, was analyzed. Among the vegetation elements, 362 individuals (trees and shrubs were identified, covering 80 species, 69 genera and 41 families. The Shannon-Weaver biodiversity index of the area was 3.48. Many plants (50% are not of Asian origin, mischaracterizing the garden. Some elements such as the pagoda, a stone lamp, Mount Fuji and the bridges to the island in the center of one of the lakes were according with the philosophy of a Japanese garden; however, other aspects like commemorative plates, trash containers and concrete benches were uncharacteristic. The survey conducted to know the visitor profile and value for local respondents concluded that most visitors have high school education (42%, are women (52% or are between 41 and 60 years old (44%. Most (88% are unaware of the principles that guide the Japanese garden style. The style of the garden is not fully characteristic and showed maintenance problems.

  12. The importance of protozoan bacterivory in a subtropical environment (Lobo-Broa Reservoir, SP, Brazil

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    AS Mansano

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the importance of heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF and ciliates bacterivory in a mesotrophic subtropical environment (Lobo-Broa Reservoir, Brazil by the quantification of their ingestion rates. The in situ experiments using fluorescently labelled bacteria (FLB were carried out bimonthly over one year (three surveys in the dry season and three in the rainy one at the sub-surface of two sampling points that have different trophic degrees. The ingestion rates for both ciliates and HNF were higher in the meso-eutrophic region (point 2 due to the higher water temperatures, which accelerate the metabolism of protozoans and the higher bacteria densities. Concerning total protozoan bacterivory, the HNF had the greatest grazing impact on bacterial community, especially the HNF <5µm. The data showed that HNF grazing, in addition to regulating the bacteria abundance, also induced changes to the bacterial community structure, such as increasing size and numbers of bacterial filaments. The ciliates were also important to the system bacterivory, especially in point 2, where there were high densities and ingestion rates. The protozoan bottom-up control was more important in the dry season and the top-down control was more important in the rainy season, so, these two forces are equally important to the bacterial abundance regulation in this reservoir in an annual basis.

  13. A new highly specialized cave harvestman from Brazil and the first blind species of the genus: Iandumoema smeagol sp. n. (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto-da-Rocha, Ricardo; da Fonseca-Ferreira, Rafael; Bichuette, Maria Elina

    2015-01-01

    Abstract A new species of troglobitic harvestman, Iandumoema smeagol sp. n., is described from Toca do Geraldo, Monjolos municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Iandumoema smeagol sp. n. is distinguished from the other two species of the genus by four exclusive characteristics – dorsal scutum areas with conspicuous tubercles, enlarged retrolateral spiniform tubercle on the distal third of femur IV, eyes absent and the penial ventral process slender and of approximately the same length of the stylus. The species is the most highly modified in the genus and its distribution is restricted only to caves in that particular area of Minas Gerais state. The type locality is not inside a legally protected area, and there are anthropogenic impacts in its surroundings. Therefore, Iandumoema smeagol sp. n. is vulnerable and it must be considered in future conservation projects. PMID:26798238

  14. Brachyura (Crustacea, Decapoda associated to Schizoporella unicornis (Bryozoa, Gymnolaemata in Ubatuba bay (SP, Brazil

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    Fernando L. M. Mantelatto

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available This work characterizes the composition of Brachyura from Schizoporella unicornis. The samples were collected in 1995 at Itaguá Beach, Ubatuba (SP, at three month intervals, during all seasons from January to December. The Bryozoa colonies were obtained by snorkeling at a depth of five meters in daylight. A total of 323 specimens were collected from four families (Xanthidae, Portunidae, Majidae and Grapsidae. Pachygrapsus transversus, Hexapanopeus schimitti, and Menippe nodifrons occurred in all seasons. The highest and lowest number of individuals occurred during the spring and autumn, respectively. Xanthidae exhibited the highest density during the summer, autumn, and spring, while Grapsidae exhibited the highest density in winter. It was noted the presence of Charibdis hellerii, an portunid from Indo-Pacific ocean. The diversity of species obtained, in addition to an accentuated number of immature and ovigerous females specimens, suggested that Schizoporella colonies were a place of reproduction and development.Este trabalho caracterizou a composição dos braquiúros em Schizoporella unicornis. As amostras foram coletadas na Praia do Itaguá, Ubatuba (SP, em intervalos de três meses, durante as estações climáticas de Janeiro a Dezembro/1995. As colônias de briozoários foram obtidas por mergulho livre, coletadas pela manhã. Um total de 323 espécimes foram coletados dentro de quatro famílias (Xanthidae, Portunidae, Majidae e Grapsidae. Pachygrapsus transversus, Hexapanopeus schimitti e Menippe nodifrons ocorreram em todas as estações. O maior e o menor número de indivíduos foram registrados na primavera e no outono, respectivamente. Xanthidae exibiu maior densidade no verão, outono e primavera, enquanto Grapsidae foi no inverno. Registrou-se a ocorrência de Charibdis hellerii, espécie originária do Indo-Pacífico. A diversidade de espécies obtida, juntamente com o acentuado número de indivíduos imaturos e fêmeas ov

  15. Summertime thermohaline structure off the Brazil Current Region between Santos (SP and Rio de Janeiro (RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmo José Dias Campos

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the scope of the MAR-14 Project, part of the Brazil-Germany Bilateral Agreement in Marine Sciences, an oceanographic survey aboard the R/V Victor Hensen was carried out in Brazilian coastal waters between Santos (23º56'S and Rio de Janeiro (22º54'S, from January 15 to January 22,1991. In this article we report results of preliminary analyses of the hydrographic data collected with CTD, STD, Nansen bottles and XBT's. These preliminary results show intense stratification in the first 200 m depth, and the penetration of the Brazil Current deep into the continental shelf region. Two eddy-like features were detected. The first one, anticyclonic, was located in the northern part of the domain and confined to the uppermost 200 m. The second, a cyclonic vortex, was found a little to the southwest below 200 m and extending downwards to about 800 m depth. Water mass analyses based on T-S diagrams suggest that the interface between the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW and the Antarctic Intermediate Water (AIW is located at about 500 m depth. One important aspect of this study is that this was the first time a high resolution survey with a CTD probe was realized along the eastern Brasilian Coast, south of Cabo Frio.Como parte do projeto MAR-14, componente do Acordo Bilateral Brasil-Alemanha em Ciências Marinhas, uma campanha oceanógrafica a bordo do R/V Victor Hensen foi realizada em águas costeiras do Brasil entre Santos (23º56'S, de 15 a 22 de janeiro de 991. Neste artigo reportamos resultados de análises preliminares dos dados hidrográficos coletados com o auxílio de CTD, STD, garrafas de Nansen e XBT's. Esses resultados preliminares mostram uma intensa estratificação nos primeiros 200 m de profundidade, e a penetração da corrente bem adentro da região sobre a plataforma continental. Duas estruturas com características de vórtices de meso-escala foram detectadas. O primeiro, anticiclônico, estava localizado na parte norte da

  16. Epidemiological aspects of centipede (Scolopendromorphae: Chilopoda bites registered in Greater S. Paulo, SP, Brazil

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    Irene Knysak

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The lack of basic knowledge on venomous arthropods and the benignity of the clinical manifestations contribute to the centipede bite victims' not being taken to a treatment reference center, leading to underestimation of the number of cases and minimizing the possibility of a broader epidemiological view. An inventory of the centipede bite occurrences in Greater S. Paulo, Brazil, and the therapeutic methods employed, by the main Brazilian medical center for the notification of poisoning by venomous animals, is presented. METHOD: All patient cards of the period 1980-1989 have been checked as to place, month and time of occurrence; sex, age, affected part of the body, signs and symptoms have been observed, as well as the therapeutic methods employed. The centipedes that caused the accidents were identified at the Arthropods Laboratory. RESULTS: It was registered 216 accidents, with a 69% predominance of the Greater S. Paulo and in only 63% of the cases (136 was the agent brought in by the victim for identification. The genera most frequently represented were Cryptops (58%, Otostigmus (33% and Scolopendra (4%. Of the 136 cases, 87% showed erythema, edema, hemorrhage, burns, cephalalgia, and intense pain. There was a predominance of accidents in the warm rainy season, in the morning and for females between 21 and 60 years of age. Hands and feet were the parts of the body most affected. The benign evolution of the clinical picture (54% made therapeutical treatment unnecessary. Only the victims of Scolopendra and Otostigmus (46% were medicated with anesthetics (51%, analgesics (25%, antihistamines and cortisone (24%. CONCLUSION: The reproductive period of the centipedes, associated with their sinanthropic habits, contributes to the greater incidence of accidents in urban areas in the warm rainy season. Only patients bitten by Scolopendra and Otostigmus require therapeutical treatment.

  17. Nematopsis gigas n. sp. (Apicomplexa), a parasite of Nerita ascencionis (Gastropoda, Neritidae) from Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevedo, Carlos; Padovan, Isaíras

    2004-01-01

    A new species of Nematopsis (Apicomplexa, Porosporidae) is described from the mantle tissues of the seawater gastropod, Nerita ascencionis (Neritidae), collected in the Atlantic North off the coast of "Fernando de Noronha" Island (3 degrees 47' 57'' S, 32 degrees 25' 12'' W) situated about 350 km from the northeast coast of Brazil. Numerous oocysts, each contained in a parasitophorous vacuole, were found in the cytoplasm of phagocytes in the mantle tissue of the host. The phagocytes were surrounded by a thin wall composed of lucent material. The phagocyte cytoplasm contained a nucleus surrounded by numerous vesicles and some dense masses. The oocysts were 21.9 +/- 0.5 microm long, and 11.5 +/- 0.6 microm wide. The oocyst wall was 0.18-0.25 microm thick, and the apical zone contained a micropyle, 1.0-1.2 microm in diameter, covered by a canopy-like operculum about 0.25 microm thick. Externally, the oocyst wall was surrounded by numerous anastomosing microfibrils attached to the wall and extending towards the periphery of the parasitophorous vacuole. Some microfibrils formed a dense complex network that surrounded the oocyst in the middle of the parasitophorous vacuole, which opened only at the apical zone near the external region of the opercular system. On the basis of the data obtained by light and transmission electron microscopy and host specificity, the gregarine Nematopsis gigas is distinguished from the nearest species as a new species. The taxonomic affinities and morphological comparisons with other similar species of the same genus are discussed.

  18. Pb-210 deposition measured in rainfall in Sao Paulo, SP-Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damatto, Sandra R.; Frujuele, Jonatan V.; Souza, Joseilton M.; Santos, Levi F., E-mail: damatto@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Radiometria Ambiental

    2013-07-01

    Pb-210 (T{sub 1/2} = 22.3 y), a natural radionuclide from U-238 serie can be found in the atmosphere, as a product of {sup 222}Rn decay that emanates from the ground, where its atoms become rapidly fixed to aerosols and return to the earth as dry fallout or are washed out in the rain. This natural radionuclide has been widely used as an atmospheric tracer, to determine the aerosol residence time as well as chronometers in the environment. Pb-210 was measured during a period of two years, 2011 to 2013, in samples of rainfall in all the rainy events that occurred at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN) campus (23 deg 33’59.24” S - 46 deg 44’15.63” O at 760 m above sea level) which is located in the city of Sao Paulo, in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Pb-210 concentration was measured in a total of 123 rainy events by beta gross counting in a low background gas flow proportional detector, after radiochemistry procedure. The results obtained were correlated to seasons and rainfall. The concentrations of {sup 210}Pb in rainfall varied from the minimum detectable activity, 4.9 mBq L{sup -1} to 1408± 43 mBq L{sup -1}. The highest concentrations were obtained in the months of winter and the lowest in summer. The monthly depositional flux of {sup 210}Pb, varied from 4.03 Bq m{sup -2} month{sup -1} to 46.4 Bq m{sup -2} month{sup -1}presenting a strong correlation with the amount of precipitation and hence showing seasonal trends. (author)

  19. Clonality, outer-membrane proteins profile and efflux pump in KPC- producing Enterobacter sp. in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Juliana Ferraz; Rizek, Camila; Marchi, Ana Paula; Guimaraes, Thais; Miranda, Lourdes; Carrilho, Claudia; Levin, Anna S; Costa, Silvia F

    2017-03-17

    Carbapenems resistance in Enterobacter spp. has increased in the last decade, few studies, however, described the mechanisms of resistance in this bacterium. This study evaluated clonality and mechanisms of carbapenems resistance in clinical isolates of Enterobacter spp. identified in three hospitals in Brazil (Hospital A, B and C) over 7-year. Antibiotics sensitivity, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), PCR for carbapenemase and efflux pump genes were performed for all carbapenems-resistant isolates. Outer-membrane protein (OMP) was evaluated based on PFGE profile. A total of 130 isolates of Enterobacter spp were analyzed, 44/105 (41, 9%) E. aerogenes and 8/25 (32,0%) E. cloacae were resistant to carbapenems. All isolates were susceptible to fosfomycin, polymyxin B and tigecycline. KPC was present in 88.6% of E. aerogenes and in all E. cloacae resistant to carbapenems. The carbapenems-resistant E. aerogenes identified in hospital A belonged to six clones, however, a predominant clone was identified in this hospital over the study period. There is a predominant clone in Hospital B and Hospital C as well. The mechanisms of resistance to carbapenems differ among subtypes. Most of the isolates co-harbored blaKPC, blaTEM and /or blaCTX associated with decreased or lost of 35-36KDa and or 39 KDa OMP. The efflux pump AcrAB-TolC gene was only identified in carbapenems-resistant E. cloacae. There was a predominant clone in each hospital suggesting that cross-transmission of carbapenems-resistant Enterobacter spp. was frequent. The isolates presented multiple mechanisms of resistance to carbapenems including OMP alteration.

  20. Epidemiological aspects of centipede (Scolopendromorphae: Chilopoda bites registered in Greater S. Paulo, SP, Brazil

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    Knysak Irene

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The lack of basic knowledge on venomous arthropods and the benignity of the clinical manifestations contribute to the centipede bite victims' not being taken to a treatment reference center, leading to underestimation of the number of cases and minimizing the possibility of a broader epidemiological view. An inventory of the centipede bite occurrences in Greater S. Paulo, Brazil, and the therapeutic methods employed, by the main Brazilian medical center for the notification of poisoning by venomous animals, is presented. METHOD: All patient cards of the period 1980-1989 have been checked as to place, month and time of occurrence; sex, age, affected part of the body, signs and symptoms have been observed, as well as the therapeutic methods employed. The centipedes that caused the accidents were identified at the Arthropods Laboratory. RESULTS: It was registered 216 accidents, with a 69% predominance of the Greater S. Paulo and in only 63% of the cases (136 was the agent brought in by the victim for identification. The genera most frequently represented were Cryptops (58%, Otostigmus (33% and Scolopendra (4%. Of the 136 cases, 87% showed erythema, edema, hemorrhage, burns, cephalalgia, and intense pain. There was a predominance of accidents in the warm rainy season, in the morning and for females between 21 and 60 years of age. Hands and feet were the parts of the body most affected. The benign evolution of the clinical picture (54% made therapeutical treatment unnecessary. Only the victims of Scolopendra and Otostigmus (46% were medicated with anesthetics (51%, analgesics (25%, antihistamines and cortisone (24%. CONCLUSION: The reproductive period of the centipedes, associated with their sinanthropic habits, contributes to the greater incidence of accidents in urban areas in the warm rainy season. Only patients bitten by Scolopendra and Otostigmus require therapeutical treatment.

  1. O CIRCUITO HIP HOP NA REGIÃO DE CAMPINAS

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    Cristiano Nunes Alves

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the thickness of the circuit hip hop in the region of Campinas and it’s a part of an inventory made in fifteen cities of the region, between 2003 and 2005. The circuit hip hop growing in Campinas since the decade of 1980, and has been expanding in the context of urbanization and metropolis. We noticed some residual cultural component in places involves, among others, the alternative production involved by a technically and territorial division of labor spurred by circuits upside of information. The culture of the streets and these circuits, survive to the urban division and fragmentation. It is, therefore, a study of the region of Campinas as a place that houses technical, informational and communicational densities. We analyzed geographical conditions of contemporary life in this region, inquiring about the communication and the informational components in the use of the territory.

  2. Foraging behavior of Melipona rufiventris Lepeletier (Apinae; Meliponini in Ubatuba, SP, Brazil

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    AO. Fidalgo

    Full Text Available This study describes how the foraging activity of Melipona rufiventris is influenced by the environment and/or by the state of a colony. Two colonies were studied in Ubatuba, SP (44° 48’ W and 23° 22’ S from July/2000 to June/2001. These colonies were classified as strong (Colony 1 and intermediate (Colony 2 according to their general conditions: population and brood comb size and number of food pots. The bees were active from dawn to dusk. The number of pollen loads presented a positive correlation with relative humidity (r s = 0.401; p <0.01 and was highest between 70 and 90%. However, it was negatively correlated with temperature (r s = -0.228; p <0.01 showing a peak between 18 and 23 °C. The number of nectar loads presented a positive correlation with temperature (r s = 0.244; p <0.01 and light intensity (r s = 0.414; p <0.01; it was greater between 50 and 90% of relative humidity and 20 and 30 °C of temperature. They collected more nectar than pollen throughout the day, and were more active between 6 and 9 hours. Workers from Colony 1 (strong collected nectar in greater amounts and earlier than those from Colony 2 (intermediate. The number of pollen, nectar and resin loads varied considerably between the study days. Peaks of pollen collection occurred earlier in months with longer days and in a hotter and more humid climate. The foraging behavior of M. rufiventris is probably affected by the state of the colony and by environmental conditions, notably temperature, relative humidity, light intensity and length of the day.

  3. Hot Chemistry Laboratory decommissioning activities at IPEN/CNEN-SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Camilo, Ruth L.; Lainetti, Paulo E.O. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: rcamilo@ipen.br, e-mail: lainetti@ipen.br

    2009-07-01

    IPEN's fuel cycle activities were accomplished in laboratory and pilot plant scale and most facilities were built in the 70-80 years. Nevertheless, radical changes of the Brazilian nuclear policy in the beginning of 90's determined the interruption of several fuel cycle activities and facilities shutdown. Since then, IPEN has faced the problem of the pilot plants decommissioning considering that there was no experience/expertise in this field at all. In spite of this, some laboratory and pilot plant decommissioning activities have been performed in IPEN in the last years, even without previous experience and training support. One of the first decommissioning activities accomplished in IPEN involved the Hot Chemistry Laboratory. This facility was built in the beginning of the 80's with the proposal of supporting research and development in the nuclear chemistry area. It was decided to settle a new laboratory in the place where the Hot Chemistry Laboratory was installed, being necessary its total releasing from the radioactive contamination point of view. The previous work in the laboratory involved the manipulation of samples of irradiated nuclear fuel, besides plutonium-239 and uranium-233 standard solutions. There were 5 glove-boxes in the facility but only 3 were used with radioactive material. The glove-boxes contained several devices and materials, besides the radioactive compounds, such as: electric and electronic equipment, metallic and plastic pieces, chemical reagents, liquid and solid radioactive wastes, etc. The laboratory's decommissioning process was divided in 12 steps. This paper describes the procedures, problems faced and results related to the Hot Chemistry Laboratory decommissioning operations and its reintegration as a new laboratory of the Chemical and Environmental Technology Center (CQMA) - IPEN-CNEN/SP. (author)

  4. Hydrological and environmental analysis of the Pirajibu-Mirim watershed, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil

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    Carina Júlia Pensa Corrêa

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The watershed of the Pirajibu-Mirim River, in Sorocaba-SP, contributes to production and the municipal water supply, and is located in a high-priority region for the implementation of a Payment for Environmental Services (PES program. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the conservation of its water springs and environmental compliance with the legislation of Permanent Preservation Areas (PPAs. A macroscopic diagnosis of the water springs was therefore made in the field in order to subsequently classify their condition. The assessment of environmental compliance with the PPAs was performed with the aid of RapidEye (2014 satellite images and the Quantum GIS 1.6 program. The results indicated that water quality stands out positively, while the land use and occupation of the springs areas showed negative results. No water spring is located in protected areas and only one was found on an agricultural farm; none had signs indicating its presence. Most of them show evidence of human disturbance, such as degradation of vegetation and garbage dumping. The evaluation of environmental compliance demonstrated that 30.7% of the PPAs lack adequate vegetative cover, and thus may potentially be included in an intervention program for recovery due to degradation. The profile analysis of the properties that have water springs indicated the predominance of lands without any commercial use that included recreational country houses. The work indicated some environmental and socioeconomic characteristics of the watershed that can support public policy for the conservation of water resources in the region, if considered in the establishment of a PSA program.

  5. The fish fauna in tropical rivers: The case of the Sorocaba river basin, SP, Brazil

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    Welber Senteio Smith

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available A survey was carried out on the fish species in the Sorocaba River basin, the main tributary of the left margin of the Tietê River, located in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The species were collected with gill nets. After identification of the specimens, their relative abundance, weight and standard length were determined. Up to the present moment there are not any studies that focus this subject in this hydrographic basin. Fifty-three species, distributed in eighteen families and six orders were collected. Characiformes were represented by twenty-eight species, Siluriformes by seventeen species, the Gymnotiformes by three species, Perciformes and Cyprinodontiformes by two species, and the Synbranchiformes by one species. Among the collected species there were two exotic. The most abundant species were Astyanax fasciatus and Hypostomus ancistroides. In relation to total weight the most representative species were Hoplias malabaricus and Hypostomus ancistroides. Cyprinus carpio, Prochilodus lineatus, Schizodon nasutus and Hoplias malabaricus were the most representative species in relation to average weight. Largest standard length were recorded for Sternopygus macrurus, Steindachnerina insculpta, Eigenmannia aff. virescens and Cyprinus carpioSe realizó un análisis de las especies de peces de la cuenca del Río Sorocaba, el principal tributario de la margen izquierda del Río Tietê, localizado en el estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil. Las especies fueron recolectadas con redes agalleras. Luego de la identificación de los especímenes, fue determinada su abundancia relativa, peso, y longitud estandar. Hasta el presente, no hay ningún otro estudio que analice estos aspectos en dicha cuenca hidrográfica. Fueron recolectados 55 especies, distribuidas en 18 familias y 6 ordenes. Los Characiformes estuvieron representados por 28 especies, Siluriformes por 17 especies, Gymnotiformes por 3 especies, Perciformes y Cyprinodontiformes por 2 especies, y

  6. Qualidade da dieta e fatores associados entre idosos: estudo de base populacional em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela de Assumpção; Semíramis Martins Álvares Domene; Regina Mara Fisberg; Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the quality of diet among the elderly and associations with socio-demographic variables, health-related behaviors, and diseases. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a representative sample of 1,509 elderly participants in a health survey in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. Food quality was assessed using the Revised Diet Quality Index (DQI-R). Mean index scores were estimated and a multiple regression model was employed for the adjus...

  7. Rhizobium altiplani sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules on Mimosa pudica growing in untypically alkaline soil in central Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baraúna, Alexandre C; Rouws, Luc F M; Simoes-Araujo, Jean L; Dos Reis Junior, Fábio B; Iannetta, Pietro P M; Maluk, Marta; Goi, Silvia R; Reis, Veronica M; James, Euan K; Zilli, Jerri E

    2016-10-01

    Root nodule bacteria were isolated from nodules on Mimosa pudica L. growing in neutral-alkaline soils from the Distrito Federal in central Brazil. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of 10 strains placed them into the genus Rhizobium with the closest neighbouring species (each with 99 % similarity) being Rhizobium grahamii, Rhizobium cauense, Rhizobium mesoamericanum and Rhizobium tibeticum. This high similarity, however, was not confirmed by multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) using three housekeeping genes (recA, glnII and rpoB), which revealed R. mesoamericanum CCGE 501T to be the closest type strain (92 % sequence similarity or less). Chemotaxonomic data, including fatty acid profiles [with majority being C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c)], DNA G+C content (57.6 mol%), and carbon compound utilization patterns supported the placement of the novel strains in the genus Rhizobium. Results of average nucleotide identity (ANI) differentiated the novel strains from the closest species of the genus Rhizobium, R. mesoamericanum, R. grahamii and R. tibeticum with 89.0, 88.1 and 87.8 % similarity, respectively. The symbiotic genes essential for nodulation (nodC) and nitrogen fixation (nifH) were most similar (99-100 %) to those of R. mesoamericanum, another Mimosa-nodulating species. Based on the current data, these 10 strains represent a novel species of the genus Rhizobium for which the name Rhizobium altiplani sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BR 10423T (=HAMBI 3664T).

  8. Ocorrência de Taenia sp. na população atendida no laboratório central do Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, SP, Brasil (1960/1989 Occurrence of Taenia sp. in the population attended in the central laboratory of "Instituto Adolfo Lutz", São Paulo, SP, Brazil (1960/1989

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    Rosa Maria Donini Souza Dias

    1991-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinados retrospectivamente os relatórios mensais e anuais da Seção de Enteroparasitoses do Laboratório Central do Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, SP, do período de 1960 a 1989, perfazendo uma série histórica de 30 anos, com 1.519.730 exames protoparasitológicos e 355 identificações de proglotes de Taenia. Pelo método da sedimentação espontânea foram diagnosticados 7.663 (0,5% casos de presença de ovos de Taenia sp. nas fezes. Das 355 proglotes enviadas para identificação, 311 (87,60% estavam em condições de serem especificadas, e dessas, 273 (87,80% eram proglotes de Taenia saginata e 38 (12,22% de T. solium.Monthly and yearly reports of the Seção de Enteroparasitoses of the Instituto Adolfo Lutz (São Paulo, SP, Brazil from 1960 to 1989 with 1,519,730 parasitological stool examinations were studied. There were also 355 identifications of Taenia sp. proglottids. Using HOFFMAN, PONS & JANER's method, 7,663 (0.5% cases of taeniasis were diagnosed, and 311 (87.60% of the 355 proglottids were on easy terms to be specified, 273 (87.80% of them were from Taenia saginata.

  9. Fauna Triatominae do Estado de Bahia, Brasil.V - Microtriatoma pratai sp. n. Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolboderini Triatomidae fauna of the State of Bahia, Brazil. V - Microtriatoma pratai sp. n. - Hemiptera,Reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolderini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ítalo A. Sherlock

    1982-06-01

    Full Text Available Microtriatoma pratai sp. n. de Hemíptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolboderini, é descrita no presente trabalho com base em um exemplar coletado em domicílio da cidade do Salvador, Estado da Bahia, Brasil. A espécie se distingue facilmente das outras conhecidas do gênero, principalmente por apresentar asas sem manchas e conexivo com largas manchas claras e escuras alternadas.Microtriatoma pratai n. sp. (Hemíptera, reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolboderini is described from a single specimen collected inside a house in the city of Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil. This species is easily distinguished from the others belonging to the genus principally by the existence of alternating broad light and dark coloured spots on the connexivum and the absence of spots on the hemelytra.

  10. Novas citações de Chytridiomycota e Oomycota para o Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga (PEFI, SP, Brasil New records of Chytridiomycota and Oomycota from the "Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga (PEFI", SP, Brazil

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    Carmen Lidia Amorim Pires-Zottarelli

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Levantamento de fungos zoospóricos realizado em lagos artificiais do Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga (PEFI, situado na cidade de São Paulo, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, resultou no isolamento de 41 táxons, sendo 36 identificados em nível específico. Vinte e três táxons pertencem ao Reino Fungi, filo Chytridiomycota, ordens Chytridiales, Monoblepharidales e Spizellomicetales e, 18 ao Reino Straminipila, filo Oomycota, ordens Saprolegniales e Peronosporales. Dentre os fungos isolados, 14 são mencionados pela primeira vez para o PEFI: Aphanomyces helicoides von Minden, Catenochytridium kevorkianii Sparrow, Catenochytridium sp., Chytriomyces appendiculatus Karling, C. aureus Karling, C. hyalinus Karling, C. spinosus Fay, Diplophlyctis asteroidea Dogma, D. complicata (Willoughby Dogma, Karlingia dubia Karling, Nowakowskiella hemisphaerospora Shanor, Saprolegnia australis Elliott, Septochytrium variabile Berdan e Truittella sp., os quais são descritos, comentados e ilustrados. O gênero Truitella é mencionado pela primeira vez para o Brasil.A survey of zoosporic fungi from artificial lakes of the Fontes do Ipiranga State Park, in the city of São Paulo, São Paulo State, Brazil, yielded the isolation of 41 taxa with 36 species. Twenty-three taxa belong to Chytridiales, Monoblepharidales and Spizellomycetales of the Phylum Chytridiomycota, Fungi Kingdom and 18 belong to Saprolegniales and Peronosporales, Phylum Oomycota, Straminipila Kingdom. Of these, 14 are first-time records for this State Park: Aphanomyces helicoides von Minden, Catenochytridium kevorkianii Sparrow, Catenochytridium sp., Chytriomyces appendiculatus Karling, C. aureus Karling, C. hyalinus Karling, C. spinosus Fay, Diplophlyctis asteroidea Dogma, D. complicata (Willoughby Dogma, Karlingia dubia Karling, Nowakowskiella hemisphaerospora Shanor, Saprolegnia australis Elliott, Septochytrium variabile Berdan and Truittella sp., which are described, commented and

  11. Corvomeyenia epilithosa sp. nov. (Porifera, Metaniidae no Parque Nacional da Serra Geral, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Corvomeyenia epilithosa sp. nov. (Porifera, Metaniidae at the National Park of Serra Geral, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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    Cecilia Volkmer-Ribeiro

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Corvomeyenia epilithosa sp. nov. é descrita e registrada para área preservada no Sul do Brasil. São atualizadas a definição e a distribuição do gênero Corvomeyenia Weltner, 1913 propostas por Manconi & Pronzato (2002. É apresentada chave taxonômica para as quatro espécies do gênero: C. everetti (Mills, 1884 e C. carolinensis Harrison (1971, para a Região Neártica, C. thumi (Traxler, l895 e C. epilithosa sp. nov. para a Região Neotropical. São comentadas distinções significativas de habitat dessas espécies.Corvomeyenia epilithosa sp. nov. is described and registered for a protected area at southern Brazil. An updating of Manconi & Pronzato's (2002 definition and distribution of genus Corvomeyenia Weltner, 1913 is presented altogether with a taxonomic key for the four species in the genus: C. everetti (Mills, 1884 and C. carolinensis Harrison (1971, from the Neartic Region, C. thumi (Traxler, l895 and C. epilithosa sp. nov. from the Neotropical Region. Remarkable habitat distinctions exhibited by these species are commented.

  12. Parasitismo em humano por Amblyomma sp (Acari: Ixodidae, na cidade de Recife, estado de Pernambuco Parasitism by Amblyomma sp (Acari: Ixodidae in humans in the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Rafael Antonio do Nascimento Ramos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os ixodídeos pertencentes ao gênero Amblyomma são encontrados no Brasil, sendo de grande importância em Saúde Pública por representarem risco na transmissão de patógenos. MÉTODOS: Este trabalho relata um caso de parasitismo em humano por Amblyomma sp, ocorrido na Cidade de Recife, Pernambuco. RESULTADOS: O parasitismo foi observado em uma senhora onde os ectoparasitos encontravam-se fixados em suas pernas e pés. CONCLUSÕES: Este tipo de achado é incomum e constitui o primeiro relato do parasitismo em humano por Amblyomma sp, no Estado de Pernambuco.INTRODUCTION: The Amblyomma genus is widely distribution in Brazil and is important regarding the public health risk represented by the transmission of pathogens. METHODS: This paper reports a case of parasitism in humans by Amblyomma sp that occurred in the City of Recife, State of Pernambuco. RESULTS: Parasitism was observed in a woman where the ticks were attached to her legs and feet. CONCLUSIONS: This finding is unusual and is the first report of parasitism in humans by Amblyomma sp in State of Pernambuco.

  13. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Lábrea, state of Amazonas, Brazil, with a description of Evandromyia (Aldamyia) apurinan Shimabukuro, Figueira & Silva, sp. nov.

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    Figueira, Elder Augusto Guimarães; Silva, Glacicleide; Chagas, Erica Cristina da Silva; Shimabukuro, Paloma Helena Fernandes

    2013-05-01

    An entomological survey was conducted from July-December 2009 and September-December 2010, as part of the epidemiological monitoring of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in the municipality of Lábrea, state of Amazonas (AM), Brazil. Sandflies were collected using CDC light traps installed in intra and peridomiciliary locations, as well as the border of forested areas around houses where autochthonous cases of ACL were recorded. A total of 510 sandflies belonging to 26 species were collected. The most abundant species was Nyssomyia antunesi (44.5%) followed by Evandromyia walkeri (10.6%) and Micropygomyia rorotaensis (9.8%). Here we also describe Evandromyia (Aldamyia) apurinan sp. nov. and report new records for Trichophoromyia flochi and Evandromyia sipani in AM and Brazil, respectively. Our results describe the composition of the sandfly fauna in the south of AM and suggest Ny. antunesi as the putative vector in the transmission of Leishmania in this area of the Amazon Region.

  14. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae from Lábrea, state of Amazonas, Brazil, with a description of Evandromyia (Aldamyia apurinan Shimabukuro, Figueira & Silva, sp. nov.

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    Elder Augusto Guimarães Figueira

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available An entomological survey was conducted from July-December 2009 and September-December 2010, as part of the epidemiological monitoring of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL in the municipality of Lábrea, state of Amazonas (AM, Brazil. Sandflies were collected using CDC light traps installed in intra and peridomiciliary locations, as well as the border of forested areas around houses where autochthonous cases of ACL were recorded. A total of 510 sandflies belonging to 26 species were collected. The most abundant species was Nyssomyia antunesi (44.5% followed by Evandromyia walkeri (10.6% and Micropygomyia rorotaensis (9.8%. Here we also describe Evandromyia (Aldamyia apurinan sp. nov. and report new records for Trichophoromyia flochi and Evandromyia sipani in AM and Brazil, respectively. Our results describe the composition of the sandfly fauna in the south of AM and suggest Ny. antunesi as the putative vector in the transmission of Leishmania in this area of the Amazon Region.

  15. Ochoterenella esslingeri n. sp. (Nematoda: Onchocercidae: Waltonellinae) from Bokermannohyla luctuosa (Anura: Hylidae) in Minas Gerais, Brazil, with notes on Paraochoterenella Purnomo & Bangs, 1999

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    Souza Lima, S.; Marun, B.; Alves, P.V.; Bain, O.

    2012-01-01

    The waltonelline Ochoterenella esslingeri n. sp., a filarial parasite of the anuran Bokermannohyla luctuosa in Minas Gerais, Brazil is described. Several characters distinguish this new species from the 15 species presently included in the genus: the cuticular ornamentation of the female that is restricted to the posterior region of the body, the irregular arrangement of the small, rounded bosses, the postoesophageal vulva, the short glandular oesophagus, the size and shape of the microfilariae, the long left spicule and high spicular ratio. Irregularly arranged, tiny, rounded bosses are common in the monotypic genus Paraochoterenella from an Indonesian ranid, which is not well defined but likely valid. In the Neotropical Realm, the type hosts of the species of Ochoterenella are Hylidae (O. esslingeri n. sp.), Leptodactylidae (two species) and the remaining 13 species were described from the giant toad Rhinella marina (Bufonidae). PMID:23193518

  16. Spinitectus aguapeiensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) from Pimelodella avanhandavae Eigenmann (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) in the River Aguapeí, Upper Paraná River Basin, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acosta, Aline Angelina; González-Solís, David; da Silva, Reinaldo José

    2017-07-01

    Nematodes belonging to Spinitectus Fourment, 1883 (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) were found in the intestine of Pimelodella avanhandavae Eigenmann (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) from the Aguapeí River, Brazil. They represent a new species, Spinitectus aguapeiensis n. sp., which differs morphologically from its congeners in the body length, the number of spinose rings, the location of the excretory pore, the number of precloacal papillae and the length of the spicules. The new species is the first South American species within the genus with a remarkably spirally coiled posterior extremity in males and the largest spicules. It is also the second species with the highest number of precloacal papillae and has unique shape of the small spicule. Spinitectus aguapeiensis n. sp. is the first helminth species found in P. avanhandavae, the fourth species of this genus recorded in the River Paraná Basin and the sixth species of Spinitectus in South America.

  17. Hematological and histopathological changes in Hoplias malabaricus from the São Francisco River, Brazil caused by larvae of Contracaecum sp. (Nematoda, Anisakidae

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    Corrêa L. L.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Until now studies in Brazil of the pathological action of Contracaecum sp. larvae in Hoplias malabaricus have been rare. The aim of the present study was to analyze and describe histopathological changes in the stomach of H. malabaricus caused by different intensities of infection by larvae of Contracaecum sp., and the hematological effects of such infection. The mean intensity of infection by L3 larvae of Contracaecum sp. correlated positively with Hematocrit percentage (Hct% and correlated negatively with mean corpuscular volume (MCV. These findings are possibly related to the passage of larvae from the stomach to the mesentery, potentially due to hemorrhaging t. Fish with high infection intensity had larvae of Contracaecum sp in the submucosal of the stomach, which caused destruction of Type I and Type III collagen (finer and more delicate collagen fibers which do not form beams and are permeated by fundamental substances around the parasite. Microscopic analysis showed that crypts were arranged regularly throughout the stomach mucosal, varying in number, size and depth, depending on the region of the stomach.

  18. Erythrodiplax leticia, sp.n. de libélula do nordeste brasileiro (Odonata, Libellulidae Erythrodiplax leticia, n.sp. of dragonfly from northeastern Brazil (Odonata, Libellulidae

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    Angelo B.M Machado

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Erythrodiplax leticia sp.n. is described based on nine male specimens, most of which collected at Chapada Diamantina, State of Bahia. The new species is close to Erythrodiplax fervida (Erichson, 1848 but differs from it by the size. venation. extension of the basal wing spots. and structure of the superior anal appendages.

  19. Wickerhamiella kiyanii f.a., sp. nov. and Wickerhamiella fructicola f.a., sp. nov., two yeasts isolated from native plants of Atlantic rainforest in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dayo-Owoyemi, Ifeloju; Rosa, Carlos Augusto; Rodrigues, André; Pagnocca, Fernando Carlos

    2014-06-01

    Two novel species, Wickerhamiella kiyanii f.a., sp. nov. (type strain FB1-1DASP(T) = CBS 12905(T) = CBMAI 1613(T)) and Wickerhamiella fructicola f.a., sp. nov. (type strain H10Y(T) = CBS 12902(T) = CBMAI 1614(T)) are proposed in the Wickerhamiella clade (Saccharomycetes, Saccharomycetales) to accommodate three strains isolated from flowers and fruits typical of the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. The novel status of these yeast species was established by sequence divergence observed in the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene from the most closely related, described species as well as by phylogenetic analysis. Wickerhamiella kiyanii sp. nov. differs from its nearest phylogenetic neighbours W. pagnoccae CBS 12178(T), Candida jalapaonensis CBS 10935(T) and Candida drosophilae CBS 8459(T) by 2.2-4.2% in the D1/D2 sequences. By contrast, a sequence divergence of 13.2-13.8% was observed between W. fructicola sp. nov. and its closest, described phylogenetic relative Candida kazoui JCM 12558(T) and Candida hasegawae JCM 12559(T). Taxonomic descriptions of the two novel species are given. © 2014 IUMS.

  20. Morphometric and phylogenetic analyses of Serpentirhabdias viperidicus n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) from the lancehead snake Bothrops moojeni Hoge, 1966 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae) in Brazil.

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    Morais, D H; Aguiar, A; Müller, M I; Narciso, R B; da Silva, L A F; da Silva, R J

    2017-05-01

    Serpentirhabdias viperidicus n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) is described from the lungs of the 'Brazilian lancehead' Bothrops moojeni (Hoge, 1966) from the savannah in São Paulo State, Brazil. The new species is the eighth species of Serpentirhabdias described in the Neotropical region, and differs from other species mainly by a combination of characters: lips slightly notable, presence of fine striations at posterior ends, presence of two parallel lines with intercalated pores, a pore-shaped phasmid situated at the level of the anal aperture and another two in the posterior half of the tail. It is the first species of Serpentirhabdias reported in this snake host and the second species of this genus found parasitizing South American viperidian snakes. Molecular phylogenetic analysis using ribosomal (ITS and 28S partial) genes confirms Serpentirhabdias viperidicus n. sp. as a new species that clustered in the Serpentirhabdias clade, sister taxon to Serpentirhabdias fuscovenosa and Serpentirhabdias elaphe. This is the first description of Serpentirhabdias species from Brazil using molecular approaches and morphological characters to confirm the monophyly of this recent genus.

  1. Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares (Glomales, Zygomycota na Ilha dos Eucaliptos, Represa do Guarapiranga, São Paulo, SP Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomales, Zygomycota from "Ilha dos Eucaliptos", Guarapiranga Reservoir, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

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    Simone de Paula Gomes

    1998-01-01

    occasions (March/1996, rainy and warm; June/1996, dry and cold; and January/1997, the beginning of both the rainy season and the summer on the "Ilha dos Eucaliptos" (ca. 323.500m² in the Guarapiranga Reservoir, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Soil samples were processed by the wet sieving technique, followed by sucrose centrifugation (50% V:V . The isolated spores were prepared in vouchers, with polivynil alchool lactofenol resin (PVL. We observed 21 taxa of AMF: Acaulospora excavata Ingleby, Walker & Mason, Acaulospora foveata Trappe & Janos, Acaulospora longula Spain & Schenck, Acaulospora mellea Spain & Schenck, Acaulospora morrowiae Spain & Schenck, Acaulospora spinosa Walker & Trappe, Acaulospora sp. 1, Acaulospora sp. 2, Acaulospora sp. 3, Acaulospora sp. 4, Entropliospora colombiana Spain & Schenck, Gigaspora gigantea Nicol. & Gerd., Gigaspora ramisporophora Spain, Sieverding & Schenck, Glomus aggregatum (Schenck & Smith Koske, Glomus etunicatum Becker & Gerd., Glomus geosporum (Nicol. & Gerd. Walker, Glomus invermayum Hall, Glomus macrocarpum Tul. & Tul., Glomus multisubstensum Mukerjii, Bhattacharjee & Tewari, Scutellospora aff. biornata Spain, Sieverding & Toro, and Scutellospora erythropa Koske & Walker. The Sõrensen Index showed 64% to 90% of similarity between the areas and the collectings, this suggesting the absence of influence of these kinds of parameters on the mycota.

  2. Lepidopterans and their parasitoids on okra plants in Riberão Preto (SP, Brazil Lepidópteros e seus parasitoides em cultura de quiabo em Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil

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    Rogéria Inês Rosa Lara

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to identify the defoliating lepidopterans and their parasitoids occurring on okra plants in the district of Riberão Preto city (SP. Brazil. Caterpillars were collected by hand from an experimental field of okra, in March and April, 2009. They were placed individually on Petri dishes lined with wet filter paper, containing shredded okra leaves, and kept in a climactic chamber (25±1°C, 12:12h light/dark photoperiod, RH 70±10% until the emergence of lepidopterans and/or parasitoids. In all, 63 lepidopterans were obtained: three species of Noctuidae, Anomis flava (Fabricius, Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith and Pseudoplusia includens (Walker; one of Pieridae, Ascia monuste orseis (Godart, and an unidentified species of Tortricidae. One unidentified tachinid fly (Diptera and the Hymenoptera parasitoids Copidosoma floridanum (Ashmead (Encyrtidae and Euplectrus sp. (Eulophidae emerged from A. flava, while C. floridanum and an unidentified tachinid, from P. includens. This is the first report of an association between the herbivores S. frugiperda, P. includens and A. monuste orceis, the parasitoids C. floridanum and Euplectrus sp. on okra plants.Este estudo objetivou identificar lepidópteros desfolhadores e seus parasitoides em cultura de quiabo em Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil. As lagartas foram coletadas através de catação manual entre março e abril de 2009, individualizadas em placas de Petri forradas com papel filtro umedecido contendo pedaços de folhas de quiabo e mantidas sob condições controladas (25±1°C, 12 horas de fotofase, 70±10% de UR até a obtenção dos adultos de lepidópteros e/ou de seus parasitoides. Foram obtidos 63 adultos de lepidópteros: três espécies de Noctuidae, Anomis flava (Fabricius, Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, Pseudoplusia includens (Walker, uma de Pieridae, Ascia monuste orseis (Godart e uma de Tortricidae não identificada. Uma espécie não identificada de taquinídeo (Diptera e os

  3. Chá-mate e café como fontes de hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (HPAs na dieta da população de Campinas Coffee and mate tea as a dietary source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs in Campinas

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    Mônica Cristiane Rojo de Camargo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de determinar os níveis dos contaminantes hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (HPAs em chá-mate e café e avaliar a contribuição desses produtos como fonte de HPAs na dieta da população de Campinas, três marcas com três diferentes lotes de chá-mate e café em pó, totalizando 18 amostras, foram analisadas. Os dados de consumo de chá-mate e café foram obtidos de uma pesquisa de hábitos alimentares feita no ano de 1993 junto à população local, através do método de freqüência de alimentos. A determinação de HPAs foi conduzida por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência com detecção por fluorescência. A presença de diferentes hidrocarbonetos foi observada em todas as amostras de café analisadas, em níveis variando tanto entre as marcas quanto em função da técnica de preparo da bebida. A quantidade média de HPAs totais encontrada no café (bebida pronta para consumo foi de 10,12mig/kg, enquanto que o chá-mate apresentou um nível de contaminantes significativamente menor (sigma=0,70mig/kg. Considerando-se a estimativa de consumo diário médio per capita de 69,79g de chá-mate e de 86,77g de café, pode-se considerar que o chá-mate e o café aportam diariamente cerca de 0, 05mig e 0, 88mig de HPAs totais, respectivamente, na dieta da população estudada (n=600 indivíduos.In order to estimate the contribution of mate tea and regular coffee as a source of PAHs in the diet of the population of Campinas, SP, Brazil, different batches and brands of these products, totaling 18 samples, were analysed for PAH. The consumption data were obtained from a dietary survey (frequency recall, which took place in Campinas in 1993. PAH levels in the products were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Different PAHs were detected in all samples of coffee, at levels varying with the brands and the beverage preparation technique. The mean total PAH content in coffee was

  4. Aphaereta sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) as a natural enemy to Peckia chrysostoma (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchiori, C H; Pereira, L A; Filho, O M

    2003-02-01

    This paper reports the first occurence of the parasite Aphaereta sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) which was collected from Peckia chrysostoma pupae (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) by means of traps containing some fish baits in a wood area close to the Agronomy college (Faculdade of Agronomia) in Itumbiara, Goiás, in the period from March to September, 2001. A total of 362 gregarious specimens of parasitoids from 26 pupae of P. chrysostoma. Aphaereta sp. was collected, with several individuals emerging from the same pupae.

  5. Detection of Neospora sp. antibodies in cart horses from urban areas of Curitiba, Southern Brazil Detecção de anticorpos anti-Neospora sp. em cavalos de carroceiros de áreas urbanas de Curitiba, Sul do Brasil

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    Eliana Monteforte Cassaro Villalobos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite which affects dogs as definitive hosts and several mammalian species as intermediate hosts mainly causing abortions and central nervous system disorders. The reemerging population of cart horses for carrying recycling material in urban areas of major cities in Brazil may have an impact on disease spreading, and these animals may be used as sentinels for environmental surveillance. Thus, the present study investigated the frequency of Neospora sp. antibodies in cart horses from Curitiba and surrounding areas, Paraná State, Southern Brazil. IgG antibodies against Neospora sp. were detected using indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT, and titers equal to or higher than 1:50 were considered reactive. Of all samples, 14/97 (14.4% were positive: 2/29 (6.9% were younger than 5; 5/26 (19.2% between 6 and 9; and 6/31 (19.4% older than 10 years of age. One of the 11 animals with unknown age was positive (9.1%. Cart horses are likely to be more exposed to dog feces and to Neospora sp. oocyst contamination in urban settings and a lower frequency of disease in dogs may have a negative impact on horse infection risk in these areas.Neospora caninum é um protozoário parasita que afeta cães como hospedeiros definitivos e diversos mamíferos como hospedeiros intermediários, envolvido em abortos e distúrbios do sistema nervoso central. A população reemergente de cavalos de carroceiros utilizados para transportar material reciclável em áreas urbanas de grandes cidades brasileiras na disseminação de doenças, e estes animais podem ser utilizados como sentinelas para vigilância ambiental. Deste modo, no presente estudo foi investigada a frequência de anticorpos anti-Neospora sp. em cavalos de carroceiros da Região Metropolitana de Curitiba, Estado do Paraná, Sul do Brasil. Anticorpos da classe IgG anti-Neospora sp. foram detectados utilizando a reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI, e t

  6. Prevalência de Salmonella sp em suínos abatidos em frígoríficos do Rio Grande do Sul Prevalence of Salmonella sp. carrier pigs in slaughterhouses of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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    Marjo Cado Bessa

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de determinar a prevalência de Salmonella sp em suínos abatidos em frigoríficos sob inspeção federal no Rio Grande do Sul. Amostras de fezes e linfonodos foram coletadas em três diferentes frigoríficos no Estado. A partir da análise microbiológica das amostras de 300 animais, encontrou-se uma prevalência de Salmonella sp de 55,66%, com 17,6% de isolamentos a partir dos linfonodos, 18,3% das fezes e 19,6% em ambos os materiais. Foram identificados 26 sorovares diferentes em 226 isolados de Salmonella sp. Os sorovares mais prevalentes foram: Typhimurium (24,3%, Agona (19,9%, Derby (13,2% e Bredeney (12%. Estes resultados indicam a necessidade de implementar programas de controle com o objetivo de diminuir a prevalência de animais portadores ao abate.This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Salmonella positive pigs at slaughterhouses under federal inspection in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Samples of feces and lymph nodes of 300 animals were collected in three different slaughterhouses, and submitted to bacteriological analysis. The prevalence of Salmonella carrier animals was 55.66%, being 17.6% of the animals Salmonella positive in lymph nodes, 18.3% in feces and 19.6% in both materials. Twenty-six different serovars were identified among 226 Salmonella isolates. The most prevalent serovars were: Typhimurium (24.3%, Agona (19.9%, Derby (13.2% e Bredeney (12%. These results point out the need of control programs to reduce the prevalence of carrier pigs at slaughter.

  7. Description and prevalence of Thynnascaris sp. larvae Dollfus, 1933 (Nematoda: Anisakidae) in plagioscion squamosissimus heckel, 1840 from Volta Grande Reservoir, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, M L; Fujimoto, R Y; Moraes, F R; Andrade, P M; Nascimento, A A; Malheiros, E B

    2000-08-01

    The present work studied helminth parasites of freshwater "corvina" Plagioscion squamosissimus from Volta Grande Reservoir, MG, Brazil. Sixty eight fishes with averages of 25.2 cm length and 180.9 g weight were collected with net, bimonthly from December 1995 thru December 1996. Parasites were carefully removed from their cysts that were present in the intestinal mesentery. Specimens were fixed in AFA 65 degrees C and preserved in alcohol 70% with 5% of glicerine. In camera lucida 21 nematodes were drawned after clarification with acetic acid or Amann lactophenol. Nematode larvae were identified as Thynnascaris sp. (Nematoda: Anisakidae). From examined fishes 30 out of 68 presented nematode larvae with a prevalence of 44.1%. The average number of parasites per host was 0.0 to 13.8 and mean intensity of 0.0 to 16.0. Statistical analysis according to Fisher's Exact Test showed that these infections were dependent on the pluviosity and air temperature.

  8. Water quality of the Canchim?s creek watershed in São Carlos, SP, Brazil, occupied by beef and dairy cattle activities

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    Primavesi Odo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The Canchim?s creek watershed in São Carlos, SP, Brazil, was chosen to evaluate water quality affected by dairy and beef cattle production systems based on tropical pasture. The water samples were collected monthly, during three years, at six sampling points: spring in a tropical forest, spring in an intensive dairy production system, two dam springs, and stream water upward and at the delta. Results showed differences (P<0.01 among sampling points for the mean parameters. True color, hardness, turbidity, electric conductivity, alkalinity, pH, chemical oxygen demand and consumed oxygen explained well differences among sampling points. According to current legislation standards, water quality fitted with most of the established parameters for class 2, with exception of phosphate and iron. The high levels of total phosphorus, except in the forest spring, classified this water in an eutrophic class, even where soil and water conservation practices were considered adequate.

  9. Neotropical Monogenoidea. 24. Rhinoxenus bulbovaginatus n. sp. (Dactylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae from the nasal cavity of Salminus maxillosus (Osteichthyes, Characidae from the Rio Paraná, Paraná, Brazil

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    Walter A. Boeger

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Rhinoxenus bulbovaginatus n. sp. is described from the nose of Salminus maxillosus (Characidae collected in the basin of the rio Paraná, near the city of Porto Rico, state of Paraná, Brazil. The new species can be differentiated from the other three species in the genus by the morphology of the copulatory complex, vagina, and ventral anchor. The sister group relationship of the known species of Rhinoxenus was determined using techniques of Phylogenetic Systematics (Cladism. The resulting cladogram (C.I.=100% indicates that the new species is most closely related to R. piranhus Kritsky, Boeger and Thatcher, 1988. The other two species of the genus, R. arietinus Kritsky, Boeger and Thatcher, 1988 and R. nyttus Kritsky, Boeger and Thatcher, 1988, both parasites of Anostomidae fishes, have a paraphyletic position in the cladogram, suggesting that the origin of at least one of them can not be associated to cospeciation.

  10. Water quality of the Canchim’s creek watershed in São Carlos, SP, Brazil, occupied by beef and dairy cattle activities

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    Odo Primavesi

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The Canchim’s creek watershed in São Carlos, SP, Brazil, was chosen to evaluate water quality affected by dairy and beef cattle production systems based on tropical pasture. The water samples were collected monthly, during three years, at six sampling points: spring in a tropical forest, spring in an intensive dairy production system, two dam springs, and stream water upward and at the delta. Results showed differences (P<0.01 among sampling points for the mean parameters. True color, hardness, turbidity, electric conductivity, alkalinity, pH, chemical oxygen demand and consumed oxygen explained well differences among sampling points. According to current legislation standards, water quality fitted with most of the established parameters for class 2, with exception of phosphate and iron. The high levels of total phosphorus, except in the forest spring, classified this water in an eutrophic class, even where soil and water conservation practices were considered adequate.

  11. Detection of thermophilic Campylobacter sp. in raw chicken sausages by methods ISO 10272: 2006 in Curitiba - Parana State - Brazil.

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    Konell, K; Gelinsk, M A; Benetti, T M; Abrahão, W M

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was the detection of Campylobacter sp. in raw chicken sausages using the methods ISO 10272-1 and ISO 10272-2. The overall prevalence of Campylobacter sp. in the samples tested was 16.67%, representing a serious risk to the health of consumers, particularly if measures guaranteeing proper cooking of foods and prevention of cross-contamination are not adopted. Furthermore, the majority of campylobacteriosis cases in humans are caused by consumption or improper handling of contaminated raw or undercooked poultry meat, which constitute the main vehicle of this infection.

  12. A taxonomic synopsis of South American Cyanogomphini Carle with description of Cyanogomphus angelomachadoi sp. nov. from the Cerrado of Brazil (Odonata: Gomphidae).

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    Pinto, Ângelo Parise; Almeida, Marcus Vinícius Oliveira De

    2016-02-09

    A synopsis of Cyanogomphini Carle, 1986 (sensu Belle 1996), including all species currently under the genera Cyanogomphus Selys, 1873, and Tibiagomphus Belle, 1992, is provided. Cyanogomphus angelomachadoi sp. nov. (Holotype ♂ deposited in DZRJ: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Jaboticatubas municipality, Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó, collecting site "Córrego das Pedras" 19°22'17"S, 43°36'03"W, 766 m a.s.l., 12.XII.2011, A.P.M. Santos & D.M. Takiya leg.) is described and illustrated based on four males and two females from Minas Gerais and São Paulo States, southeastern Brazil. The new species is most similar to C. waltheri Selys, 1873, from which it can be distinguished by its smaller size; larger pale areas on mesepisternum; pale dorsal surface of metathoracic tibia; larger distal concavity on epiproct, with laterodistal projection, in lateral view forefinger-shaped; and occurrence in Cerrado province. Five species are recognized in Cyanogomphini, and for each one a synonymy, diagnoses, identification key and maps of distribution are presented. The status of sibling taxa Tibiagomphus uncatus (Fraser, 1947) and T. noval (Rodrigues Capítulo, 1985), as well as the Agriogomphus-complex of genera are also discussed.

  13. Serological survey for Leishmania sp. infection in wild animals from the municipality of Maringá, Paraná state, Brazil

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    EM Voltarelli

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Leishmania sp. infection was investigated in wild animals from the Ingá Park, in the municipality of Maringá, Paraná state, Brazil, where American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL is an endemic disease. Sixty-five mammals, comprising Didelphis albiventris, Cerdocyon thous, Lycalopex vetulus, Cebus apella, Dasyprocta azarae, Dasypus novemcinctus, Procyon cancrivorus and Nasua nasua, were captured. Blood samples were collected for parasite cultivation. Antibodies were investigated by direct agglutination test (DAT using Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis as antigen. Flagellates were observed in blood cultures of 14 (35.9% Didelphis albiventris. Anti-Leishmania antibodies were detected in 31 (51.6% specimens of Cerdocyon thous, Lycalopex vetulus, Cebus apella, Dasyprocta azarae, Procyon cancrivorus and Nasua nasua. These results suggest that Cerdocyon thous and Lycalopex vetulus (crab-eating fox, Cebus apella (capuchin monkey, Dasyprocta azarae (agouti, Procyon cancrivorus (crab-eating raccoon and Nasua nasua (coati play an important role in the ACL transmission cycle in the northwestern region of Paraná, Brazil.

  14. Acid rain: a case study at the Universidade de Sao Paulo campus, Sao Paulo State, Brazil; Chuva acida: estudo de caso no campus USP/SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galvao, Patricia

    1996-12-31

    The phenomena called acid rain is considered, by many researchers, one of the most serious environmental problem. This work has the aim of showing, in a theoretical and practical study, the problems caused by the atmospheric-pollutant emission, through natural or anthropogenic sources. In a period of 1 year (nov/94-nov/95), it was realized a practical work on rainwater, which consisted of collecting and, afterwards, analysing some physical and chemical parameters of this water, such as acidity, ionic concentrations, etc, with the purpose of characterizing the rainwater in Cidade Universitaria (SP, Brazil). After ending the practical part, it was possible to observe a 1,236.71 mm/y pluviosity, characterized by rainy summer and dry winter. The chemical-constituent-concentration analysis show us the predominance of SO{sup 2-}{sub 4} and Ca{sup 2+}, and a continental-origin water). The region of sao Paulo (Brazil), site of this study, is one of the largest metropolitan and industrialized areas of the world, which includes 18 million people, beside to an enormous industrial and vehicular complex. The acidity in the rain water is a complex problem and it must be treated by a range of disciplines to have a better comprehension of the cause/effects of the acid rain. (author) 96 refs., 28 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. Maize (Zea Mays L landraces from the southern region of Brazil: contamination by Fusarium sp, zearalenone, physical and mechanical characteristics of the kernels

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    Tatiana Roselena de Oliveira

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This work had as objectives the study of the physical and mechanical characteristics of maize kernels in relation to the contamination by Fusarium sp and by zearalenone in twenty landraces of maize from the southern region of Brazil. From the analyzed samples, 60 % has been considered to have a hard endosperm type and 40 % an intermediary one. A correlation between the physical and mechanical variables was observed as an indication that the higher is the proportion of hard endosperm, more dense will be the kernel and more force for its rupture will be necessary. The level of contamination by Fusarium sp was between 5.5 and 24.75% among the analyzed grains, correlating positively with the flotation index, indicating that the landraces of maize with a softer endosperm can present a higher contamination by this genus. The presence of zearalenone was verified in 75 % of the samples, in concentrations varying from 50 to 640 µg kg-1.Este trabalho teve por objetivos verificar as características físicas, mecânicas, contaminação por Fusarium sp e por zearalenona e suas relações, em vinte variedades crioulas de milho da região sul do Brasil. Verificou-se que das amostras analisadas, 60% foram consideradas como possuidoras de endosperma do tipo duro e 40% com endosperma do tipo intermediário. As variáveis físicas e mecânicas se correlacionaram, indicando que quanto maior a proporção de endosperma vítreo, mais denso e maior a força necessária até a ruptura do grão. A contaminação por Fusarium sp esteve entre 5,5% e 24,75% nos grãos analisados, correlacionando-se positivamente com o índice de flotação, indicando que as variedades crioulas de milho com uma maior proporção de endosperma macio podem apresentar uma maior contaminação por Fusarium sp, sugerindo-se a utilização de variedades crioulas com a textura do endosperma predominantemente vítrea. A presença de zearalenona foi verificada em 75% das amostras, em concentra

  16. HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME (HPS IN GUARIBA, SP, BRAZIL: REPORT OF 2 CASES Relato de 2 casos de síndrome pulmonar por hantavirus ocorridos em Guariba, SP, Brasil

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    Luiz Tadeu M. FIGUEIREDO

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Human infections caused by a hantavirus were reported in different regions of the State of São Paulo (SP, Brazil during the first six months of 1998. Two cases of fatal pulmonary syndrome occurred in May of 1998 in the City of Guariba, located in the Northeastern Region of SP. Both patients worked in a corn storage barn infested by rodents. These patients, after 2 or 3 days of non-specific febrile illness, developed a severe interstitial pneumonia spreading widely in both lungs, causing respiratory failure and death. At autopsy both patients showed lung interstitial edema with immunoblast-like mononuclear cell infiltrates, consistent with a viral etiology. Hantavirus infection was diagnosed by ELISA in both cases and by RT-PCR in one of the patients. Aspects of the clinical presentation, physiopathology and differential diagnosis of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome are discussed.Casos de hantavirose foram notificados em diferentes regiões do Estado de São Paulo (SP, Brasil, durante o primeiro semestre de 1998. Dois casos fatais de síndrome pulmonar ocorreram em maio de 1998 na Cidade de Guariba, localizada na Região Nordeste de SP. Ambos os pacientes trabalhavam no mesmo local, estocando milho em um paiol infestado de roedores. Estes pacientes, após 2 ou 3 dias de doença febril aguda inespecífica, desenvolveram uma grave pneumonia intersticial, que espalhou-se difusamente por ambos os pulmões causando insuficiência respiratória e óbito. À autópsia, ambos os casos apresentavam edema pulmonar intersticial com infiltrado de células mononucleares (imunoblastos sugestivo de etiologia viral. O diagnóstico laboratorial de hantavirose foi feito pela detecção de anticorpos específicos por ELISA, em ambos os casos e por detecção do genoma viral utilizando a RT-PCR, em um dos pacientes. Aspectos da apresentação clínica, da fisiopatologia e do diagnóstico diferencial desta síndrome pulmonar são discutidos no trabalho.

  17. Granjas leiteiras na região de Ribeirão Preto - SP Dairy farms at Ribeirão Preto region - SP, Brazil

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    Adhemar P. Milani

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Nas atividades de exploração leiteira, as construções para os animais são fundamentais e de suma importância no processo de produção. Sendo assim, suas concepções devem basear-se em soluções técnicas e econômicas, que ofereçam condições eficientes e funcionais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um levantamento sobre as principais características de granjas leiteiras localizadas em municípios paulistas próximos a Ribeirão Preto e no sul de Minas Gerais e recomendar soluções, com base na literatura, para a execução de projeto para a região de Ribeirão Preto-SP. O trabalho foi desenvolvido com base em estudos teóricos e observações in loco, considerando as seguintes construções: galpão de estabulação livre; bezerreiro; sala de ordenha e seus anexos (pedilúvio, lava-pés e curral de espera e sistema de tratamento de dejetos. Dos resultados obtidos, verificou-se que a maioria das granjas leiteiras foi projetada sem critérios e com soluções técnicas não eficazes.On the activities of dairy farm, the constructions for the animals are basic and of utmost importance in the production process, their designs should be based on technical and economic solutions, which offer extremely efficient and functional conditions. The objectives of this work was to research and study the characteristics of dairy farms located in some towns near Ribeirão Preto and the south of Minas Gerais State and recommend solutions based on the literatures for the execution of dairy projects around Ribeirão Preto region. The study was conducted based on theoretical and in loco observations, considering the following parties of dairy farm: free stall, calves housing, milking room and its annexes (footbath, foot clean and waiting corral. The results obtained of this study appeared that most of the dairy farms were designed without technical and effective economical solutions.

  18. Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae from the mouths of marine fishes of Pernambuco State, Brazil Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae das bocas de peixes marinhos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Vernon E. Thatcher

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae is described from the mouths of Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792 and Oligoplites palometa (Cuvier, 1832. The fish hosts were caught near Itamaracá and Cabo de Santo Agostinho, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The new species bears a superficial resemblance to Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1793 from which it differs in a number of important respects. In the new species, the basal carinae are large on pereopods 4-7 and usually pointed, whereas in C. oestrum the carinae are small on pereopods 4-6, large on 7 and not pointed. In the new species, only pleopod 1 is simple and 2-5 are provided with pockets and folds. In the other species, pleopods 1-4 are simple and only 5 has folds.Cymothoa recifea sp. nov. (Isopoda, Cymothoidae é descrito das bocas de Centropomus undecimalis (Bloch, 1792 e Oligoplites palometa (Cuvier, 1832. Os peixes foram capturados perto de Itamaracá, Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. A nova espécie apresenta uma semelhança superficial à Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1793 da qual distingue-se pôr várias características. Na nova espécie, as expansões nas bases dos pereópodos ("carinae" são grandes nos 4-7 e, geralmente, terminam em pontas agudas. Em contraste, em C. oestrum, estas estruturas são pequenas nos pereópodos 4-6, grande somente no sétimo e não têm pontas agudas. Na nova espécie, somente o pleópodo 1 é simples e 2-5 apresentam bolsas e dobras. Na outra espécie, os pleópodos 1-4 são simples e somente 5 tem dobras.

  19. Pseudascarophis brasiliensis sp. nov. (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae parasitic in the Bermuda chub Kyphosus sectatrix (Perciformes: Kyphosidae from southeastern Brazil

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    Felipe Bisaggio Pereira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Pseudascarophis (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae found in the stomach of Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus (Kyphosidae, off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described. The new species can be differentiated from the other congeners by the presence of lateral alae, distinct but inconspicuous cephalic papillae at the anterior end, three pairs of precloacal and one pair of adcloacal papillae in males, egg morphology and morphometry of glandular oesophagus and spicules. Pseudascarophis tropica is transferred to Ascarophis as Ascarophis tropica (Solov'eva comb. n. due to its ambiguous diagnosis.

  20. Pseudascarophis brasiliensis sp. nov. (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) parasitic in the Bermuda chub Kyphosus sectatrix (Perciformes: Kyphosidae) from southeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Felipe Bisaggio; Pereira, Aldenice de Nazaré; Timi, Juan Tomás; Luque, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    A new species of Pseudascarophis (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) found in the stomach of Kyphosus sectatrix (Linnaeus) (Kyphosidae), off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is described. The new species can be differentiated from the other congeners by the presence of lateral alae, distinct but inconspicuous cephalic papillae at the anterior end, three pairs of precloacal and one pair of adcloacal papillae in males, egg morphology and morphometry of glandular oesophagus and spicules. Pseudascarophis tropica is transferred to Ascarophis as Ascarophis tropica (Solov'eva) comb. n. due to its ambiguous diagnosis. PMID:23828003

  1. Prevalência de enteroparasitas na população urbana do 2.° subdistrito de Botucatu, SP (Brasil Prevalence of intestinal parasites on the populations of Botucatu, SP (Brazil

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    Mauro R. de Oliveira

    1974-06-01

    Full Text Available Procurou-se conhecer a prevalência de enteroparasitoses na população urbana do 2.° subdistrito de Botucatu, SP (Brasil através de exames coprológicos realizados pelos métodos de FAUST, HOFFMAN e processo de tamização. A prevalência de enteroparasitoses foi relacionada com atributos da população, tais como sexo, idade, cor e com fatores ligados ao meio ambiente. O processo de amostragem empregado foi o casual simples em duplo estágio, sendo o quarteirão a unidade primária do primeiro estágio e o domicílio a unidade do segundo estágio. Os resultados mostraram que 53,76% das 895 pessoas amostradas apresentavam-se infestadas por uma ou mais espécies de parasitas intestinais. As prevalências foram as seguintes: Ancylostomidae, 17,54%; T. trichiurus, 13,63%; A. lumbricoides, 10,69%; S. stercoralis, 6,03%; E. vermicularis, 3,69%; H. nana, 1,79%; Taenia sp, 1,22%; S. mansoni, 0,22%; E. coli, 15,53%; G. lamblia, 14,07%; E. nana, 2,35%; I. bütschlii, 1,01% e E. histolytica, 0,22%.A study of the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis on the population of Botucatu's 2nd Subdistrict, S. Paulo, Brazil, is presented. Passed stool was examined by using FAUST, HOFFMAN and tamization techniques. The prevalence of intestinal parasites is related to population characteristics such as sex, age, race and some environmental features. Simple random sampling technique in double stage was applied. Among 895 examined persons, 53,76% were infected by intestinal parasites. The prevalence of the various parasites were: Ancylostomydae, 17,54%; T. trichiurus, 13,63%; A. lumbricoides, 10,39%; E. vermiculares, 3,69%; H. nana, 1,79%; Taenia sp, 1,22%; E. coli, 15,53%; G. lamblia, 14,07%; E. nana, 2,35%; I. bütschlii, 1,01% and E. histolytica, 0,22%.

  2. Assessment of {sup 222}Rn occupational exposure at IPEN nuclear materials storage site, SP, Brazil; Avaliacao da exposicao ocupacional ao {sup 222}Rn no galpao da Salvaguardas do IPEN, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caccuri, Lilian Saueia

    2007-07-01

    In this study it was assessed the occupational exposure to {sup 222}Rn at IPEN, SP, Brazil, nuclear materials storage site through the committed effective dose received by workers exposed to this radionuclide. The radiation dose was calculated through the radon concentrations at nuclear materials storage site. Radon concentrations were determined by passive detection method with solid state nuclear detectors (SSNTD). The SSNTD used in this study was the polycarbonate Makrofol E; each detector is a small square plastic of 1 cm{sup 2}, placed into a diffusion chamber type KFK. It was monitored 14 points at nuclear materials storage site and one external point, over a period of 21 months, changing the detectors every three months, from December 2004 to September 2006. The {sup 222}Rn concentrations varied from 196 {+-} 9 and 2048 {+-} 81 Bq{center_dot}m{sup -3}. The committed effective dose due to radon inhalation at IPEN nuclear materials storage site was obtained from radon activity incorporated and dose conversion factor, according to International Commission on Radiological Protection procedures. The effective committed dose received by workers is below 20 mSv{center_dot}y{sup -1}. This value is suggested as an annual effective dose limit for occupational exposure by ICRP 60. (author)

  3. Production and Partial Characterization of Cellulases from Trichoderma sp. IS-05 Isolated from Sandy Coastal Plains of Northeast Brazil

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    Jackeline Pereira Andrade

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the production of cellulolytic enzymes by Trichoderma sp. IS-05 strain, isolated from sand dunes, according to its ability to grow on cellulose as carbon source. Wheat bran was tested as the carbon source and peptone tested as the nitrogen source. Different concentrations of carbon and nitrogen were tested using a factorial design to identify optimal cellulase activity production. The results showed that media containing wheat bran 4.0% (w/v and peptone 0.25% (w/v lead to the highest production, 564.0 U L−1 of cellulase, obtained after 2 days of fermentation. The pH and temperature profile showed optimal activity at pH 3.0 and 60∘C. As for thermostability, the cellulase was most tolerant at 60∘C, retaining more than 59.6% of maximal activity even after 4 hours of incubation. The combination of acid pH, high temperature tolerance, and production of cellulase from agro-industrial residues by Trichoderma sp. IS-05 offers possibilities condition for the biomass hydrolysis process to produce bioethanol.

  4. ECONOMIC GROWTH MANAGEMENT AND NATURAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE. CONFLICTS IN SÃO SEBASTIÃO, SP, BRAZIL

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    Rodrigo de Benedictis Delphino

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was held at São Sebastião Municipality, located at the northern part of São Paulo estate, Brazil. The aim was to assess natural and cultural heritage situation amidst three forces: economic development of port area, which is growing into a regional feature, Petrobras boom, and Tourism, mainly developed at the seaside far from the center of the city. A qualitative approach was adopted as well as an intentional sample with four subjects, two permanent dwellers and two second-home tourists, who witnessed the city transformation. The conclusion was that natural and cultural heritage are at risk because there are no heritage policies or urban and tourism planning which fit São Sebastião needs.

  5. Coricladus quiteriensis gen. et sp. nov., a new conifer in Southern-Brazil Gondwana (Lower Permian, Paraná Basin

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    Jasper André

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A new taxon of conifers (Coricladus quiteriensis is described based on megafloristic remains from the roofshale level at the Quitéria Outcrop (Rio Bonito Formation - Lower Permian - Southern Paraná Basin - Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil. This megafloristic community is included in the Botrychiopsis Zone - Botrychiopsis valida Sub-Zone (Kungurian/Roadian. The assemblage, preserved as impressions, do not present remains of epidermic characters, and is composed mainly of isolated vegetative branches with spirally disposed acicular leaves, presenting a conspicuous central vein and also isolated fertile branches with sparse and irregular leaves and terminal cones. Leafless principal branches, organically connected with sterile and fertile branches, are rare. Reproductive feminine scales, disposed in a plane, are organized in lax terminal cones on branches, composed by 4 (four distal ovuliferous scales, and 8 (eight elliptical-elongated anatropous seeds. Paleoecological data pointed out to a mesophylous to higrophylous habitat in swampy environments.

  6. Schistosomiasis mansoni in urban Northeast Brazil: influence of rainfall regime on the population dynamics of Biomphalaria sp.

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    Daniel Santos Oliveira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Our objective was to evaluate the influence of rainfall regime on the population dynamics of Biomphalaria in a potential urban focus of schistosomiasis in Aracaju, Brazil, during 2009-2010. Methods Snails were collected monthly and were counted, measured and identified; the level of infection and fecal contamination at the sampling sites was determined; rainfall data were obtained. Results High levels of fecal contamination were observed, and the abundance of Biomphalaria glabrata increased during the rainy and post-rainy seasons. The snails' size was variable, and infected snails were identified independently of rainfall. Conclusions These results provide evidence of anthropogenic and climate interference in an urban focus of schistosomiasis in the Aracaju metropolitan area.

  7. First occurrence of the exotic Asian clam Corbicula fluminea (Muller, 1774 in the Jundiaí-Mirim River Basin, SP, Brazil

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    Frederico Guilherme de Souza Beghelli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Corbicula fluminea is a naturally occurring Asian bivalve that was spread around the world, and which has become a highly aggressive invasive species in many countries. C. fluminea has many ecological, economic and social impacts, such as the extinction of native species, ecosystems alterations, and damage to pipes and hydropower turbines. As an illustration of the potential damage that proliferation of C. fluminea can cause, it is noted that the United States government spends more than 1 billion dollars per year to control this species. This work recorded the first occurrence of the Asian clam C. fluminea in the Jundiaí- Mirim Basin, SP, Brazil, and included basic ecological information such as density, frequency distribution of size and species distribution along the basin. Seventy-eight individuals were sampled with a van Veen grab along the basin. The specimens were identified and measured. The exotic species was found only in two of four sampling points and its distribution was possibly influenced by sediment composition and water flow. Moderate densities were calculated, ranging from 12 to 235 ind.m-2 . Our data suggest that young populations are growing in the basin. The presence of C. fluminea is a concern for the maintenance of the ecosystem and for different water uses in the Jundiai region.

  8. Initial identification and sensitivity to antimicrobial agents of Salmonella sp.isolated from poultry products in the state of Ceara, Brazil

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    WF Oliveira

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to isolate and to verify the sensitivity to antimicrobial agents of strains of Salmonella sp. isolated from poultry products in the state of Ceara, Brazil. A total number of 114 samples was collected from 63 broiler carcasses derived from two processing plants and two supermarkets, and 51 excreta samples were collected in broiler farms located in the state of Ceara, which used three live production stages. Each excreta sample consisted of a fresh excreta pool from 100 birds. Samples were submitted to microbiological analyses, and the isolated Salmonella strains were tested for antimicrobial sensitivity. No Salmonella was isolated from excreta samples, while broiler carcass samples showed a high contamination rate of11.8%. Three serotypes were identified: Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, 50%; Salmonella enterica serovar Panama 33%, and Salmonella enterica serovar Newport, 17%. As to the susceptibility tests to antimicrobial agents, 100% of the isolated Salmonella strains showed resistance to Ampicillin and Tetracycline, and sensitivity to Gentamycin, Netilmycin, Carbenicillin, Chloramphenicol.

  9. Microbispora sp. LGMB259 Endophytic Actinomycete Isolated from Vochysia divergens (Pantanal, Brazil) Producing β-Carbolines and Indoles with Biological Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savi, Daiani C.; Shaaban, Khaled A.; Vargas, Nathalia; Ponomareva, Larissa V.; Possiede, Yvelise M.; Thorson, Jon S.; Glienke, Chirlei; Rohr, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Endophytic actinomycetes encompass bacterial groups that are well known for the production of a diverse range of secondary metabolites. Vochysia divergens is a medicinal plant, common in the “Pantanal” region (Brazil) and was focus of many investigations, but never regarding its community of endophytic symbionts. During a screening program, an endophytic strain isolated from the V. divergens, was investigated for its potential to show biological activity. The strain was characterized as Microbispora sp. LGMB259 by spore morphology and molecular analyze using nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene. Strain LGMB259 was cultivated in R5A medium producing metabolites with significant antibacterial activity. The strain produced 4 chemically related β-carbolines, and 3 Indoles. Compound 1-Vinyl-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid displayed potent activity against the Gram-positive bacterial strains Micrococcus luteus NRRL B-2618 and Kocuria rosea B-1106, and was highly active against two human cancer cell lines, namely the prostate cancer cell line PC3 and the non-small-cell lung carcinoma cell line A549, with IC50 values of 9.45 and 24.67 µM, respectively. 1-Vinyl-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid also showed moderate activity against the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC204508, as well as the phytopathogenic fungiPhyllosticta citricarpa LGMB06 and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides FDC83. PMID:25385358

  10. Effects of dredging operations on sediment quality. Contaminant mobilization in dredged sediments from the Port of Santos, SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, Ronaldo J.; Santos, Fernando C.; Mozeto, Antonio A. [Lab. de Biogeoquimica Ambiental, Dept. de Quimica, Univ. Federal de Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Abessa, Denis M.S.; Maranho, Luciane A.; Davanso, Marcela B. [Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista, UNESP - Univ. Estadual Paulista ' Julio de Mesquita Filho' , Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Nascimento, Marcos R.L. do [Lab. de Pocos de Caldas (LAPOC), CNEN-Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear, MG (Brazil)

    2009-10-15

    Background, aim, and scope Contaminated sediments are a worldwide problem, and mobilization of contaminants is one of the most critical issues in environmental risk assessment insofar as dredging projects are concerned. The investigation of how toxic compounds are mobilized during dredging operations in the channel of the Port of Santos, Brazil, was conducted in an attempt to assess changes in the bioavailability and toxicity of these contaminants. Materials and methods Bulk sediment samples and their interstitial waters and elutriates were subjected to chemical evaluation and ecotoxicological assessment. Samples were collected from the channel before dredging, from the dredge's hopper, and from the disposal site and its surroundings. Results The results indicate that the bulk sediments from the dredging site are contaminated moderately with As, Pb, and Zn and severely with Hg, and that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations are relatively high. Our results also show a 50% increase in PAH concentrations in suspended solids in the water collected from the hopper dredge. This finding is of great concern, since it refers to the dredge overflow water which is pumped back into the ecosystem. Acute toxicity tests on bulk sediment using the amphipod Tiburonella viscana showed no toxicity, while chronic tests with the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus showed toxicity in the interstitial waters and elutriates. Results are compared with widely used sediment quality guidelines and with a sediment quality assessment scheme based on various lines of evidence. Conclusions The data presented here indicate that the sediments collected in this port show a certain degree of contamination, especially those from the inner part of the channel. The classification established in this study indicated that sediments from the dredged channel are impacted detrimentally and that sea disposal may disperse contaminants. According to this classification, the sediments are

  11. Desulfovibrio brasiliensis sp. nov., a moderate halophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium from Lagoa Vermelha (Brazil) mediating dolomite formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warthmann, Rolf; Vasconcelos, Crisogono; Sass, Henrik; McKenzie, Judith A

    2005-06-01

    A novel halotolerant sulfate-reducing bacterium, Desulfovibrio brasiliensis strain LVform1, was isolated from sediments of a dolomite-forming hypersaline coastal lagoon, Lagoa Vermelha, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The cells are vibrio-shaped and 0.30 to 0.45 microm by 1.0 to 3.5 microm in size. These bacteria mediate the precipitation of dolomite [CaMg(CO3)2] in culture experiments. The strain was identified as a member of the genus Desulfovibrio in the delta-subclass of the Proteobacteria on the basis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, its physiological and morphological properties. Strain LVform1 is obligate sodium-dependent and grows at NaCl concentrations of up to 15%. The 16S rRNA sequence revealed that this strain is closely related to Desulfovibrio halophilus (96.2% similarity) and to Desulfovibrio oxyclinae (96.8% similarity), which were both isolated from Solar Lake, a hypersaline coastal lake in the Sinai, Egypt. Strain LVform1 is barotolerant, growing under pressures of up to 370 bar (37 MPa). We propose strain LVform1 to be the type strain of a novel species of the genus Desulfovibrio, Desulfovibrio brasiliensis (type strain LVform1 = DSMZ No. 15816 and JCM No. 12178). The GenBank/EMBL accession number for the 16S rDNA sequence of strain LVform1 is AJ544687.

  12. Fusarium paranaense sp. nov., a member of the Fusarium solani species complex causes root rot on soybean in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Sarah S; Matos, Kedma S; Tessmann, Dauri J; Seixas, Claudine D S; Pfenning, Ludwig H

    2016-01-01

    Isolates of Fusarium obtained from soybean plants showing symptoms of root rot collected in subtropical southern and tropical central Brazil were characterized based on phylogenetic analyses, sexual crossing, morphology, and pathogenicity tests. A novel species within the Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) causing soybean root rot is formally described herein as Fusarium paranaense. This species can be distinguished from the other soybean root rot pathogens in the FSSC, which are commonly associated with soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) based on analyses of the combined DNA sequences of translation elongation factor 1-α and the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II and on interspecies mating compatibility. Bayesian and maximum parsimony phylogenetic analyses showed that isolates of F. paranaense formed a distinct group in clade 3 of the FSSC in contrast to the pathogens currently known to cause SDS, which are in clade 2. Female fertile tester strains were developed that can be used for the identification of this new species in the FSSC based on sexual crosses. All isolates were heterothallic and belonged to a distinct mating population. Fusarium tucumaniae, a known SDS pathogen, was found in the subtropical southern region of the country. Copyright © 2015 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Fiscalização de verduras comercializadas no município de Ribeirão Preto, SP Monitoring of vegetables commercially sold in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

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    Osvaldo M. Takayanagui

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available O consumo de verduras cruas constitui importante meio de transmissão de várias doenças infecciosas. Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação microbiológica e parasitológica de verduras comercializadas no município de Ribeirão Preto, SP, abrangendo todos os pontos de venda ao consumidor. Do total de 172 estabelecimentos fixos ou ambulantes analisados, 115 (67% apresentaram hortaliças com irregularidades: elevada concentração de coliformes fecais em 63%, presença de Salmonella em 9% e de enteroparasitas em 33%. Os pontos de venda com maior freqüência de hortaliças com resultados inadequados foram: mercearias (92%, CEAGESP (75%, quitandas (71%, vendedores ambulantes (71%, feiras-livres (69%, supermercados (52% e hortas (18%. O tipo de contaminação apresentou distribuição uniforme em relação aos locais de venda e à variedade da hortaliça. A maioria (61% das verduras contaminadas era procedente de hortas localizadas no município de Ribeirão Preto. Considerando a elevada freqüência de contaminação fecal e o potencial risco de doenças veiculadas pelas hortaliças, sugerimos uma vigilância sanitária mais atuante na fiscalização de alimentos oferecidos à população.The ingestion of raw vegetables represents an important means of transmission of several infectious diseases. The objective of the present study was to perform a microbiological and parasitological evaluation of the vegetables commercially sold in the municipality of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Of a total of 172 commercial concerns analyzed, 115 (67% presented irregularities in the vegetables they sold, such as elevated concentration of fecal coliforms in 63%, presence of Salmonella in 9%, and presence of enteroparasites in 33%. The commercial concerns with the highest frequencies of vegetables showing inadequate results were: grocery stores (92%, CEAGESP (75%, fruit and vegetables stores (71%, traveling vendors (71%, fairs (69%, supermarkets (52%, and

  14. Tabanidae (Diptera do estado do Maranhão, Brasil: III. Descrição de Philipotabanus (Mimotabanus henriquesi sp. nov. Tabanidae (Diptera from the state of Maranhão, Brazil: III. Description of Philipotabanus (Mimotabanus henriquesi sp. nov.

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    Francisco Limeira-de-Oliveira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Philipotabanus (Mimotabanus henriquesi sp. nov. é descrita e ilustrada baseada em 30 fêmeas e dois machos coletados em vegetação de Cerrado, nos municípios de Carolina, Alto Parnaíba e Mirador, região sul do estado do Maranhão, Brasil. Este é o primeiro registro de uma espécie do subgênero no Brasil.Philipotabanus (Mimotabanus henriquesi, sp. nov., is described and illustrated based on 30 females and two males specimens collected in open vegetation of "Cerrado", in Carolina, Alto Parnaíba and Mirador municipalities, in southern Maranhão state, Brazil. This is the first record of species of the subgenus in Brazil.

  15. An ultrastructural and histopathological study of Henneguya pellucida n. sp. (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae infecting Piaractus mesopotamicus (Characidae cultivated in Brazil

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    Adriano E.A.

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available During a study of myxosporean parasites of cultivated freshwater fish, a new myxosporean species, Henneguya pellucida n. sp., was discovered. Of the 120 Piaractus mesopotamicus sampled, only 10 specimens (8.3% were infected. Yellow, round plasmodia measuring 0.5-3 mm were found in the serous membrane of the visceral cavity and in the tunica externa of the swim bladder. Sporogenesis was asynchronous, with the earliest developmental stages aligned prevailingly along the endoplasmic periphery and mature spores in the central zone. The mature spores were pear shaped (total length: 33.3 ± 1.5 μm, mean ± SD; width: 4.1 ± 0.4 μm; body length: 11.4 ± 0.3 μm; caudal process length: 24.1 ± 1.5 μm. The polar capsules were elongated (length: 4.0 ± 0.4 μm; width: 1.6 ± 0.2 μm. The development of the parasite in the swim bladder produced thickening of the tunica externa and a granulomatous reaction. There was no correlation between the prevalence of the parasite and the chemical and physical characteristics of the water. Infection was recorded only in juvenile specimens ranging in size from 9.5 to 20 cm.

  16. An ultrastructural and histopathological study of Henneguya pellucida n. sp. (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) infecting Piaractus mesopotamicus (Characidae) cultivated in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adriano, E A; Arana, S; Cordeiro, N S

    2005-09-01

    During a study of myxosporean parasites of cultivated freshwater fish, a new myxosporean species, Henneguya pellucida n. sp., was discovered. Of the 120 Piaractus mesopotamicus sampled, only 10 specimens (8.3%) were infected. Yellow, round plasmodia measuring 0.5-3 mm were found in the serous membrane of the visceral cavity and in the tunica externa of the swim bladder. Sporogenesis was asynchronous, with the earliest developmental stages aligned prevailingly along the endoplasmic periphery and mature spores in the central zone. The mature spores were pear shaped (total length: 33.3 +/- 1.5 microm, mean +/- SD; width: 4.1 +/- 0.4 microm; body length: 11.4 +/- 0.3 microm; caudal process length: 24.1 +/- 1.5 microm). The polar capsules were elongated (length: 4.0 +/- 0.4 microm; width: 1.6 +/- 0.2 microm). The development of the parasite in the swim bladder produced thickening of the tunica externa and a granulomatous reaction. There was no correlation between the prevalence of the parasite and the chemical and physical characteristics of the water. Infection was recorded only in juvenile specimens ranging in size from 9.5 to 20 cm.

  17. Phytoplankton density and trophic state of Canha and Pariquera-Açu rivers, Ribeira de Iguape hydrographic basin, SP, Brazil

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    Maria do Carmo Calijuri

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the lack of studies about lotic eutrophication, mainly for tropical rivers, this research aimed to assess the density of phytoplanktonic community of two tropical rivers located in Ribeira do Iguape Watershed (São Paulo state, Brazil, Canha and Pariquera-Açu Rivers, based on sampling campaigns in January and April, 2007. These results were compared to the mTSI (mean Trophic State Index values. This index was originally developed for lentic aquatic systems and its calculus depends on total phosphorous, orthophosphate and chlorophyll-a concentrations in water samples. Comparing mTSI values in all sampling stations with the phytoplankton quantitative results, it was possible to verify that mTSI may overestimate the trophic state of lotic ecosystems, since the phosphorus species that integrate its calculus contributed to an improper augmentation on mTSI, which were incompatible with the real associated biological response. Thus, for April sampling, although mTSI values were higher, in general, phytoplankton density were lower (minimum of 83 indmL-1 for Canha River and of 66 indmL-1 for Pariquera-Açu River. In this case, the high total phosphorous concentrations by themselves were not enough to promote proportional phytoplanktonic growth, which was probably limited by other factors, like water temperature, suspended solids concentration, river discharge and zooplanktonic predation. In January, on the other hand, mTSI values were lower, but total phytoplankton density was higher. For this sampling, the lower orthophosphate concentrations in water pointed phytoplankton assimilation of this nutrient.

  18. Bradyrhizobium centrolobii and Bradyrhizobium macuxiense sp. nov. isolated from Centrolobium paraense grown in soil of Amazonia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Daniele C; Passos, Samuel R; Simões-Araujo, Jean L; Baraúna, Alexandre C; da Silva, Krisle; Parma, Marcia M; Melo, Itamar S; De Meyer, Sofie E; O'Hara, Graham; Zilli, Jerri E

    2017-07-01

    Thirteen Gram-negative, aerobic, motile with polar flagella, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from root nodules of Centrolobium paraense Tul. grown in soils from the Amazon region of Brazil. Growth of strains was observed at temperature range 20-36 °C (optimal 28 °C), pH ranges 5-11 (optimal 6.0-7.0), and 0.1-0.5%NaCl (optimal 0.1-0.3%). Analysis of 16S rRNA gene placed the strains into two groups within Bradyrhizobium. Closest neighbouring species (98.8%) for group I was B. neotropicale while for group II were 12 species with more than 99% of similarity. Multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) with dnaK, glnII, recA, and rpoB confirmed B. neotropicale BR 10247 T as the closest type strain for the group I and B. elkanii USDA 76 T and B. pachyrhizi PAC 48 T for group II. Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) differentiated group I from the B. neotropicale BR 10247 T (79.6%) and group II from B. elkanii USDA 76 T and B. pachyrhizi PAC 48 T (88.1% and 87.9%, respectively). Fatty acid profiles [majority C 16:0 and Summed feature 8 (18:1ω6c/18:1ω7c) for both groups], DNA G + C content, and carbon compound utilization supported the placement of the novel strains in the genus Bradyrhizobium. Gene nodC and nifH of the new strains have in general low similarity with other Bradyrhizobium species. Both groups nodulated plants from the tribes Crotalarieae, Dalbergiae, Genisteae, and Phaseoleae. Based on the presented data, two novel species which the names Bradyrhizobium centrolobii and Bradyrhizobium macuxiense are proposed, with BR 10245 T (=HAMBI 3597 T ) and BR 10303 T (=HAMBI 3602 T ) as the respective-type strains.

  19. Determinação de glicoalcalóides em batatas in natura (Solanum Tuberosum L. comercializadas na cidade de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo Determination of glycoalkaloides in potato tubers (Solanum Tuberosum L. marketed in the city of Campinas, State of São Paulo

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    Rita Margarete D. Machado

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available A batata é uma das principais hortaliças cultivadas no Brasil, constituindo-se em um dos mais importantes alimentos na dieta humana, em decorrência de sua disponibilidade e características nutricionais. Entretanto, membros da família Solanaceae produzem, durante crescimento e após colheita, compostos potencialmente tóxicos denominados glicoalcalóides, dos quais alfa-solanina e alfa-chaconina predominam. A concentração máxima desses compostos em batata in natura considerada segura para consumo humano é estimada em 200mg·kg-1, expressa como glicoalcalóides totais (GAT. No presente estudo, foram extraídos e quantificados os GAT em amostras de tubérculos de batata in natura comercializados na cidade de Campinas, SP. A técnica utilizada foi a cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE com coluna C18 e detetor de arranjo de diodos. O valor médio de recuperação foi 102,6% para alfa-solanina e 100,2% para alfa-chaconina. Os limites de quantificação foram 2,5µg·mL-1 para alfa-solanina e 1,4µg·mL-1 para alfa-chaconina. As concentrações de GAT em amostras individuais de tubérculos inteiros das diferentes variedades e tipos estudados (Bintje, Monaliza, Asterix e Bolinha variaram de 22,4 a 246,9mg·kg-1. Das amostras analisadas, 82% apresentaram níveis de GAT inferiores a 100mg·kg-1, o que indica que as variedades de batatas estudadas podem ser consideradas seguras para consumo humano.Potato is included among the main horticultural crops in Brazil. Due to its broad availability and nutritional characteristics, it has been considered one of the most important components in the human diet. Nevertheless, members of the family Solanaceae produce potentially toxic compounds known as glycoalkaloids during growth and post-harvest, amongst which alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine predominate. The recommended safety level for these compounds in unprocessed potato tubers for human consumption, expressed as total glycoalkaloids, is

  20. The whole body counting experience on the internal contamination of radionuclides at IPEN/CNEN-SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardoso, Joaquim C.S.; Xavier, Marcos, E-mail: jcardoso@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2017-07-01

    The intake of radioactive material by workers can occur in the radiopharmaceuticals production, during the handling of these in the medical fields (nuclear medicine) and in biological and research laboratories. The workers who work in areas where exposures are significant are routinely monitored to demonstrate that the workers are receiving adequate protection from internal contamination. Direct measurements of whole-body and thyroid contents provide an estimate of the activity of these radionuclides in the potentially exposed workers. The whole-body measurements of the workers, trainees and visitors are routinely performed by the In Vivo Monitoring Laboratory (LMIV) of the Energy and Nuclear Research Institute (IPEN/CNEN-SP). The frequency of measurements is defined by the Radioprotection Service (SRP) and the Dose Calculation Group of IPEN. For this purpose LMIV has two counters whole body. NalTl ( 8 x 4″), and thyroid one, NaITl (3 x 3″). The system was calibrated in energy and efficiency, with calibration sources of Eu-152, Am-241 and Co-60 with gamma emissions between 59.54 and 1408.08 keV, positioned within Alderson Research Labs. anthropomorphic phantom. The background measures were obtained of worker's spectrum that was not exposed occupationally yet. The concepts adopted in the HPS N13.30 Standard and proposed in ISO documents for standardization were used for activity measurements. During the period January 2012 to December 2016, approximately 3800 measurements had been carried in workers who develop tasks related to the production and research. The activities of the radionuclides and the workers' tasks relationship had been evaluated. (author)

  1. Myxobolus cuneus n. sp. (Myxosporea infecting the connective tissue of Piaractus mesopotamicus (Pisces: Characidae in Brazil: histopathology and ultrastructure

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    Adriano E.A.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of Myxobolus cuneus n. sp. and its relationship to the host Piaractus mesopotamicus are described based on light and electron microscopy and histological observations. Polysporic plasmodia measuring 20 μm to 2.1 mm in size were found in 63.3 % of the P. mesopotamicus examined. The parasite was found in the gall bladder, urinary bladder, gills, spleen, fins, head surface, liver and heart. Generative cells and disporoblastic pansporoblasts occurred along the periphery of the plasmodia, and mature spores were found in the internal region. The mature spores had a pear shaped body in frontal view, with a total length of 10.0 ± 0.6 μm and a width of 5.1 ± 0.3 μm (mean ± SD. The spore wall was smooth with sutural folds. The polar capsules were elongated, were pear shaped, and equal in size (length 5.7 ± 03 μm; width 1.7 ± 0.2 μm, with the anterior ends close to each other. The polar filaments were tightly coiled in 8-9 turns perpendicular to the axis of the capsule. The plasmodia were always found in connective tissue (wall of the arterioles of the gill filaments, serous capsule of the gall bladder, middle layer and subepithelial connective tissue of the urinary bladder, connective tissue between the rays of the fins, subcutaneous tissue of the head surface and fibrous capsule spleen. The parasite caused important damage in the gills, where development occurred in the wall of gill filament arterioles; a mild macrophage infiltrate was also observed. In advanced developmental stages, the plasmodia caused deformation of the arteriole structure, with a reduction and, in some cases, obstruction of the lumen. The parasite was found throughout the period studied and its prevalence was unaffected by host size, season or water properties.

  2. Myxobolus cuneus n. sp. (Myxosporea) infecting the connective tissue of Piaractus mesopotamicus (Pisces: Characidae) in Brazil: histopathology and ultrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adriano, E A; Arana, S; Cordeiro, N S

    2006-06-01

    The characteristics of Myxobolus cuneus n. sp. and its relationship to the host Piaractus mesopotamicus are described based on light and electron microscopy and histological observations. Polysporic plasmodia measuring 20 microm to 2.1 mm in size were found in 63.3 % of the P. mesopotamicus examined. The parasite was found in the gall bladder, urinary bladder, gills, spleen, fins, head surface, liver and heart. Generative cells and disporoblastic pansporoblasts occurred along the periphery of the plasmodia, and mature spores were found in the internal region. The mature spores had a pear shaped body in frontal view, with a total length of 10.0 +/- 0.6 microm and a width of 5.1 +/- 0.3 microm (mean +/- SD). The spore wall was smooth with sutural folds. The polar capsules were elongated, were pear shaped, and equal in size (length 5.7 +/- 03 microm; width 1.7 +/- 0.2 microm), with the anterior ends close to each other. The polar filaments were tightly coiled in 8-9 turns perpendicular to the axis of the capsule. The plasmodia were always found in connective tissue (wall of the arterioles of the gill filaments, serous capsule of the gall bladder, middle layer and subepithelial connective tissue of the urinary bladder, connective tissue between the rays of the fins, subcutaneous tissue of the head surface and fibrous capsule spleen). The parasite caused important damage in the gills, where development occurred in the wall of gill filament arterioles; a mild macrophage infiltrate was also observed. In advanced developmental stages, the plasmodia caused deformation of the arteriole structure, with a reduction and, in some cases, obstruction of the lumen. The parasite was found throughout the period studied and its prevalence was unaffected by host size, season or water properties.

  3. New or rare frogs from the Coastal Ranges of Brazil: eleutherodactylus venancioi n.sp., E. hoehnei n.sp. Holoaden bradei n.sp. e H. lüderwaldti Mir. Rib., 1920 Anfíbios novos e raros das Serras Costeiras do Brasil: eleutherodactylus venancioi n.sp., E. hoehnei n.sp. Holoaden bradei n.sp. e H. lüderwaldti Mir. Rib., 1920

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    Bertha Lutz

    1958-12-01

    Full Text Available Field-work in the sierras near the sea-board of south-eastern Brazil continues to yield new or rare frogs. Four more of these forms are presented here. Two of them, both new, are put into the genus Eleutherodactylus, to which they belong by their general habitat, morphology, and also by the osteological characters. They differs from the known regional species of this genus only by the wider and shorter disks of some of the digits and the more lanceolate build. The other two species belong to the very little known genus Holoaden, established by MIRANDA RIBEIRO in 1920. One of them is his type-species, H. lüderwaldti, which continues to be very rare. The other, H. bradei, is new. It seems endemic to the Upper Itatiaia and is very plentiful there.O trabalho de campo nas serras vizinhas do nosso litoral continua a render anfíbios novos e raros. Aos já versados em publicações anteriores, acrescentamos as quatro espécies que formam o assunto so presente trabalho. Duas delas, ambas novas, pertencem ao gênero Eleutherodactylus, não só pelo seu hábitat e sua morfologia como também pelos caracteres osteológicos, verificados em exemplares diafanisados pelo meu ilustre colega Sr. ANTENOR LEITÂO DE CARVALHO e estudados por ambos os herpetólogos do Museu Nacional. Diferem das outras espécies do gênero pertencentes á fauna regional apenas pelo porte lanceolado e esgio e pelos discos mais curtos e mais largos de alguns dos dedos. As fêmeas da espéciemenor continham um certo número de ovos macrolecitais, característicos do gênero, cujo desenvolvimento é embrionário, sem fase larval. É interessante notar que, em duas delas, só os ovários direitos eram perceptíveis externamente. As outras duas espécies aqui versadas se filiam ao gênero Holoaden criado, em 1920, pelo nosso eminente predecessor, Professor ALIPIO DE MIRANDA RIBEIRO. Trata-se do genótipo, H. lüderwaldti, que continua a ser raríssimo, e de H. bradei nov. sp., que

  4. The ecological dynamics of Barra Bonita (Tietê River, SP, Brazil) reservoir: implications for its biodiversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tundisi, J G; Matsumura-Tundisi, T; Abe, D S

    2008-11-01

    Barra Bonita reservoir is located in the Tietê River Basin - São Paulo state - 22 degrees 29' to 22 degrees 44' S and 48 degrees 10 degrees W and it is the first of a series of six large reservoirs in this river. Built up in 1963 with the aim to produce hydroelectricity this reservoir is utilized for several activities such as fish production, irrigation, navigation, tourism and recreation, besides hydroelectricity production. The seasonal cycle of events in this reservoir is driven by the hydrological features of the basin with consequences on the retention time and on the limnological functions of this artificial ecosystem. The reservoir is polymitic with short periods of stability. Hydrology of the basin, retention time of the reservoir and cold fronts have an impact in the vertical and horizontal structure of the system promoting rapid changes in the planktonic community and in the succession of species. Blooms of Microcystis sp. are common during periods of stability. Superimposed to the climatological and hydrological forcing functions the human activities in the watershed produce considerable impact such as the discharge of untreated wastewater, the high suspended material contributions and fertilizers from the sugar cane plantations. The fish fauna of the reservoir has been changed extent due to the introduction of exotic fish species that exploit the pelagic zone of the reservoir. Changes in the primary productivity of phytoplankton in this reservoir, in the zooplankton community in the diversity and organization of trophic structure are a consequence of eutrophication and its increase during the last 20 years. Control of eutrophication by treating wastewater from urban sources, adequate agricultural practices in order to diminish the suspended particulate matter contribution, revegetation of the watershed and riparian forests along the tributaries are some possible restoration measures. Another action that can be effective is the protection of wetlands

  5. Litter fall production and decomposition in a fragment of secondary Atlantic Forest of São Paulo, sp, southeastern Brazil

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    Maurício Lamano Ferreira

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Litter fall consists of all organic material deposited on the forest floor, being of extremely important for the structure and maintenance of the ecosystem through nutrient cycling. This study aimed to evaluate the production and decomposition of litter fall in a secondary Atlantic forest fragment of secondary Atlantic Forest, at the Guarapiranga Ecological Park, in São Paulo, SP. The litter samples were taken monthly from May 2012 to May 2013. To assess the contribution of litter fall forty collectors were installed randomly within an area of 0.5 ha. The collected material was sent to the laboratory to be dried at 65 °C for 72 hours, being subsequently separated into fractions of leaves, twigs, reproductive parts and miscellaneous, and weighed to obtain the dry biomass. Litterbags were placed and tied close to the collectors to estimate the decomposition rate in order to evaluate the loss of dry biomass at 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 days. After collection, the material was sent to the laboratory to be dried and weighed again. Total litter fall throughout the year reached 5.7 Mg.ha-1.yr-1 and the major amount of the material was collected from September till March. Leaves had the major contribution for total litter fall (72%, followed by twigs (14%, reproductive parts (11% and miscellaneous (3%. Reproductive parts had a peak during the wet season. Positive correlation was observed between total litter and precipitation, temperature and radiation (r = 0.66, p<0.05; r = 0.76, p<0.05; r = 0.58, p<0.05, respectively. The multiple regression showed that precipitation and radiation contributed significantly to litter fall production. Decomposition rate was in the interval expected for secondary tropical forest and was correlated to rainfall. It was concluded that this fragment of secondary forest showed a seasonality effect driven mainly by precipitation and radiation, both important components of foliage renewal for the plant community and that

  6. Longitudinal processes in Salto Grande reservoir (Americana, SP, Brazil and its influence in the formation of compartment system

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    L. H. ZANATA

    Full Text Available Studies on the longitudinal processes in reservoirs, involving physical, chemical and biological processes have been thoroughly appraised, suggesting the existence of a longitudinal organization controlled by the entrance and circulation of water which inserts modifications in the structuring of the system. To evaluate this effect, the Salto Grande reservoir (Americana, SP was analyzed in 11 sampling stations in its longitudinal axis, in the rainy and dry seasons of 1997 considering the physical chemical and biological variables. Analyzing the results in agreement with the declining concentration degree of the river--barrage direction, a more significant correlation was verified in the dry period for total phosphorus (r² = 0.86, dissolved total phosphate (r² = 0.83, nitrite (r² = 0.93, inorganic phosphate (r² = 0.89, ammonium (r² = 0.84 and suspended material (r² = 0.85. In the rainy period, only nitrite (r² = 0.90 and conductivity (r² = 0.89 presented correlation with the distance of the dam, which demonstrates the effects of precipitation and the operational mechanism of the dam, as well as the distinction among the physical (sedimentation, chemical (oxidation and biological (decomposition processes in spatial heterogeneity of the system. These factors were decisive in the organization of these communities, with higher occurrence of rotifers and copepods in relation to cladocerans, the first ones being more abundant in the entrance of the Atibaia river, decreasing towards the dam direction, while copepods presented an inverse pattern. A distribution pattern similar to Copepoda was also verified for the Cladocera, evidencing a tendency to increase the density of organisms in the stations distant to the entrance of the Atibaia river, not being registered, however, a distribution gradient in the longitudinal axis, as observed for rotifers and copepods. In relation to the trophic degree a longitudinal gradient was also verified from

  7. Longitudinal processes in Salto Grande reservoir (Americana, SP, Brazil and its influence in the formation of compartment system

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    ZANATA L. H.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the longitudinal processes in reservoirs, involving physical, chemical and biological processes have been thoroughly appraised, suggesting the existence of a longitudinal organization controlled by the entrance and circulation of water which inserts modifications in the structuring of the system. To evaluate this effect, the Salto Grande reservoir (Americana, SP was analyzed in 11 sampling stations in its longitudinal axis, in the rainy and dry seasons of 1997 considering the physical chemical and biological variables. Analyzing the results in agreement with the declining concentration degree of the river--barrage direction, a more significant correlation was verified in the dry period for total phosphorus (r² = 0.86, dissolved total phosphate (r² = 0.83, nitrite (r² = 0.93, inorganic phosphate (r² = 0.89, ammonium (r² = 0.84 and suspended material (r² = 0.85. In the rainy period, only nitrite (r² = 0.90 and conductivity (r² = 0.89 presented correlation with the distance of the dam, which demonstrates the effects of precipitation and the operational mechanism of the dam, as well as the distinction among the physical (sedimentation, chemical (oxidation and biological (decomposition processes in spatial heterogeneity of the system. These factors were decisive in the organization of these communities, with higher occurrence of rotifers and copepods in relation to cladocerans, the first ones being more abundant in the entrance of the Atibaia river, decreasing towards the dam direction, while copepods presented an inverse pattern. A distribution pattern similar to Copepoda was also verified for the Cladocera, evidencing a tendency to increase the density of organisms in the stations distant to the entrance of the Atibaia river, not being registered, however, a distribution gradient in the longitudinal axis, as observed for rotifers and copepods. In relation to the trophic degree a longitudinal gradient was also verified from

  8. The ecological dynamics of Barra Bonita (Tietê River, SP, Brazil reservoir: implications for its biodiversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JG. Tundisi

    Full Text Available Barra Bonita reservoir is located in the Tietê River Basin - São Paulo state - 22° 29" to 22° 44" S and 48° 10° W and it is the first of a series of six large reservoirs in this river. Built up in 1963 with the aim to produce hydroelectricity this reservoir is utilized for several activities such as fish production, irrigation, navigation, tourism and recreation, besides hydroelectricity production. The seasonal cycle of events in this reservoir is driven by the hydrological features of the basin with consequences on the retention time and on the limnological functions of this artificial ecosystem. The reservoir is polymitic with short periods of stability. Hydrology of the basin, retention time of the reservoir and cold fronts have an impact in the vertical and horizontal structure of the system promoting rapid changes in the planktonic community and in the succession of species. Blooms of Microcystis sp. are common during periods of stability. Superimposed to the climatological and hydrological forcing functions the human activities in the watershed produce considerable impact such as the discharge of untreated wastewater, the high suspended material contributions and fertilizers from the sugar cane plantations. The fish fauna of the reservoir has been changed extent due to the introduction of exotic fish species that exploit the pelagic zone of the reservoir. Changes in the primary productivity of phytoplankton in this reservoir, in the zooplankton community in the diversity and organization of trophic structure are a consequence of eutrophication and its increase during the last 20 years. Control of eutrophication by treating wastewater from urban sources, adequate agricultural practices in order to diminish the suspended particulate matter contribution, revegetation of the watershed and riparian forests along the tributaries are some possible restoration measures. Another action that can be effective is the protection of wetlands in

  9. Air contaminants and litter fall decomposition in urban forest areas: The case of São Paulo - SP, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamano Ferreira, Maurício; Portella Ribeiro, Andreza; Rodrigues Albuquerque, Caroline; Ferreira, Ana Paula do Nascimento Lamano; Figueira, Rubens César Lopes; Lafortezza, Raffaele

    2017-05-01

    Urban forests are usually affected by several types of atmospheric contaminants and by abnormal variations in weather conditions, thus facilitating the biotic homogenization and modification of ecosystem processes, such as nutrient cycling. Peri-urban forests and even natural forests that surround metropolitan areas are also subject to anthropogenic effects generated by cities, which may compromise the dynamics of these ecosystems. Hence, this study advances the hypothesis that the forests located at the margins of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo (MRSP), Brazil, have high concentrations of atmospheric contaminants leading to adverse effects on litter fall stock. The production, stock and decomposition of litter fall in two forests were quantified. The first, known as Guarapiranga forest, lies closer to the urban area and is located within the MRSP, approximately 20km from the city center. The second, Curucutu forest, is located 70km from the urban center. This forest is situated exactly on the border of the largest continuum of vegetation of the Atlantic Forest. To verify the reach of atmospheric pollutants from the urban area, levels of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu) adsorbed on the litter fall deposited on the soil surface of the forests were also quantified. The stock of litter fall and the levels of heavy metals were generally higher in the Guarapiranga forest in the samples collected during the lower rainfall season (dry season). Non-metric multidimensional scaling multivariate analysis showed a clear distinction of the sample units related to the concentrations of heavy metals in each forest. A subtle difference between the units related to the dry and rainy seasons in the Curucutu forest was also noted. Multivariate Analysis of Variance revealed that both site and season of the year (dry or rainy) were important to differentiate the quantity of heavy metals in litter fall stock, although the analysis did not show the interaction between these two

  10. Ultrastructure and ssrRNA sequencing of Myxidium amazonense n. sp. a myxosporean parasite of Corydoras melini from the Rio Negro river, Amazonas state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathews, Patrick D; Silva, Marcia R M; Maia, Antônio A M; Adriano, Edson A

    2015-12-01

    In a survey of myxozoan parasites of ornamental freshwater fish from the Rio Negro river, it was found that seven of 30 (23.3 %) Corydoras melini specimens examined had plasmodia of a new Myxidium species (Myxidium amazonense n. sp.) in the gallbladder. The fish were caught in the Rio Negro river, in the municipality of Santa Isabel do Rio Negro, in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. The plasmodia had a tubular shape, which was organized as a spiral spring with several turns in the gallbladder. The development of the myxospores was asynchronic, with disporic pansporoblasts. Mature myxospores were elongated, with 17.0 ± 0.9 (16.1-17.9) μm in length and 3.7 ± 0.7 (3.0-4.4) μm in width, and lightly arcuate from the valval view, with their bodies tapering slowly until ending in rounded extremities. The valval surface had nine to ten grooves in each valve. The polar capsules, one at either end of the spore, had a length of 5.4 ± 0.5 (4.9-5.9) μm and a width of 3.4 ± 0.6 (2.8-4.0) μm. Ultrastructural analysis showed that the wall of the plasmodia had numerous microvilli-like structures, pinocytotic canals, and cytoplasmic bridges connecting the pansporoblasts to each other and to the ectoplasm zone. Phylogenetic analysis, based on a small subunit ribosomal RNA (ssrRNA), identified the new species as a sister species of Myxidiumceccarelli, the unique South American Myxidium species whose ssrRNA sequence is available in the NCBI database. This study is the first description of Myxidium species in ornamental freshwater fish from Amazon.

  11. Quality control studies of {sup 99}Mo used in {sup 99}Mo/{sup 99m}Tc generators produced at IPEN/CNEN-SP, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Said, Daphne S.; Brambilla, Tania P.; Matsuda, Margareth M.N.; Osso Junior, Joao A., E-mail: daphnesaid@usp.br, E-mail: taniabrambilla@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: mmatsuda@ipen.br, E-mail: jaosso@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    {sup 99m}Tc is the most used radionuclide in nuclear medicine. In Brazil, the {sup 99}Mo/{sup 99m}Tc generators are produced exclusively by the Center of Radiopharmacy at IPEN-CNEN/SP, by importing {sup 99}Mo from different suppliers. {sup 99}Mo (t{sub 1/2} = 66 h) is a fission product of {sup 235}U, therefore, it can be accompanied by several radioisotopes that are highly prejudicial for human health, demanding a strict quality control of this product for generators safe use. The European Pharmacopoeia established some parameters and limits that evaluate the quality of the solution of sodium [{sup 99}Mo]molybdate, that is used as raw material for generator's production. The European Pharmacopoeia also recommends some analytical methods to perform these evaluations, however, it has been observed difficulties on the implementation of these methods by the generator's producers. These difficulties are probably related to the lack of practicability of the proposed methods and the extensive list of utilized reagents. In this work some procedures of the European Pharmacopoeia's quality control method for {sup 99}Mo were evaluated. Different types of solid phase exchanger cartridges were tested for retention of {sup 99}Mo in 3 different conditions. Cartridges that presented percentages of retention higher than 90% were also tested for separation of {sup 99}Mo from possible contaminants (Ru e Te). The results shown that solid phase exchanger cartridges that presented percentages of retention of Mo higher than 90% also presented significant percentages of retention of Ru and Te. An alternative method for separation of {sup 99}Mo from {sup 131}I (other contaminant) are also proposed. (author)

  12. Giardiose e criptosporidiose em creches no município de Campinas, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Maura B. Franco

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se as prevalências de Gíardia duodenalís e Cryptosporidium parvum, conforme sexo e faixa etária. em crianças de 2-60 meses (n = 310, atendidas em 8 creches. Giardiose ocoireu em 42 (13,5% das crianças e foi mais freqüente na faixa etãria de 19-24 meses, embora crianças nos primeiros seis meses de vida apresentassem amostras fecais positivas. Teste estatístico não revelou associação entre sexo e parasitismo (p > 0,05. C. parvum foi encontrado em 20 crianças (6,4% com maior frequência no grupo de 7-12 meses. Crianças entre 25-30 meses e acima de 36 meses não apresentaram oocistos nas fezes. Oocistos foram detectados em 4 crianças na faixa etãria de 0-6 meses. Não houve significância estatística entre criptosporidiose e sexo (p = 0,09 e, entre creches (p = 0,068. Ocorreu associação entre idade e a presença do coccídio (p = 0,004. Abordou-se os aspectos epidemiológicos por meio de inquérito familiar, exames parasitolõgicos entre contatos dos casos-índices e dos animais presentes no domicílio. Prevalência de C. parvum foi maior quando pelo menos um dos pais era profissional da Área de Saúde (73,6% positivas, hai:ia relato de doença concomitante (52,6% positivas e diairéia era o principal sintoma por ocasião de exame fecal (78,9% positivas. Exames de fezes dos animais domésticos foram negativos para estes dois parasitos.

  13. Estudo da geração de biogas no aterro sanitario Delta em Campinas - SP

    OpenAIRE

    Adriano Viana Ensinas

    2003-01-01

    Resumo: A disposição final do lixo é um dos graves problemas ambientais enfrentados pelos grandes centros urbanos, particularmente no Brasil onde o uso de "lixões" ainda é muito comum. A emissão descontrolada do biogás produzido na decomposição anaeróbia da matéria orgânica pode ser uma ameaça ao ambiente local causando danos à vegetação, gerando odores desagradáveis, oferecendo ainda riscos de explosão em concentrações entre 5 e 15% no ar. O biogás pode ser também um problema global pois é f...

  14. Gestão de óleos e gorduras residuais de fritura em Campinas, SP

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Daniela Cristina Haponczuk [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    A produção intensiva e a disposição inadequada dos resíduos sólidos é um problema a ser enfrentado principalmente nos centros urbanos e pode provocar graves prejuízos ao ambiente e à saúde humana. Dentre os vários tipos de resíduos gerados nas cidades encontram-se os óleos e gorduras residuais de frituras (OGR). São inúmeros os danos causados pelo óleo no ambiente, entre eles, a formação de uma película superficial que dificulta a troca gasosa entre o ar e a água e a impermeabilização das raí...

  15. Giardiose e criptosporidiose em creches no município de Campinas, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Maura B. Franco

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se as prevalências de Gíardia duodenalís e Cryptosporidium parvum, conforme sexo e faixa etária. em crianças de 2-60 meses (n = 310, atendidas em 8 creches. Giardiose ocoireu em 42 (13,5% das crianças e foi mais freqüente na faixa etãria de 19-24 meses, embora crianças nos primeiros seis meses de vida apresentassem amostras fecais positivas. Teste estatístico não revelou associação entre sexo e parasitismo (p > 0,05. C. parvum foi encontrado em 20 crianças (6,4% com maior frequência no grupo de 7-12 meses. Crianças entre 25-30 meses e acima de 36 meses não apresentaram oocistos nas fezes. Oocistos foram detectados em 4 crianças na faixa etãria de 0-6 meses. Não houve significância estatística entre criptosporidiose e sexo (p = 0,09 e, entre creches (p = 0,068. Ocorreu associação entre idade e a presença do coccídio (p = 0,004. Abordou-se os aspectos epidemiológicos por meio de inquérito familiar, exames parasitolõgicos entre contatos dos casos-índices e dos animais presentes no domicílio. Prevalência de C. parvum foi maior quando pelo menos um dos pais era profissional da Área de Saúde (73,6% positivas, hai:ia relato de doença concomitante (52,6% positivas e diairéia era o principal sintoma por ocasião de exame fecal (78,9% positivas. Exames de fezes dos animais domésticos foram negativos para estes dois parasitos.The prevalence of the Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium parvum infections were studied in children 2-60 months old (n = 310 grouped to sex and age, enrolled in 8 day-care centers. Giardiosis was found in 42 (13.5% of the children and, was most frequent in the age group corresponding to 19- 24 months old although children at the first six months of life also presented positive faecal samples. Statistical analysis indicated no association between sex ip > 0,05 and prevalence for Giardia infection. C. parvum was detected in 20 (6.4% of the children. Children seven to twelve months old showed the greatest prevalence of this parasite. There were not oocysts in the stools from the children 25-30 months and from those older than 36 months. Oocysts were detected in 4 children from the 0-6 months old group. There was no significative difference on sex (p = 0,09 and day-care facility (p = 0,068 for C. parvum infection while age was associated with infection (p = 0,004. Epidemiological aspects were studied by familiar inquiry, by parasitological examinations of stools from the contact- members of each case and from animals present at the residence. Prevalence for C. parvum was higher when at least one of the parents was a professional in the Human Health Centers (73.6% positives, when there was report of concomitant disease (52.6%positives and when diarrhoea was the main symptom at the collection of the faecal specimens (78.9% positives. Faecal examinations of the domestic animals were negatives for these two parasites.

  16. Geração do deflúvio de uma microbacia com Mata Atlântica, Cunha, SP. Runoff generation in a small catchment with Atlantic Rainforest, Cunha, SP, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício RANZINI

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como escopo estudar a resposta do deflúvio a eventos deprecipitação de uma microbacia experimental (37,5 ha com Mata Atlântica, localizadano Laboratório de Hidrologia Florestal Walter Emmerich, no Parque Estadual da Serrado Mar – Núcleo Cunha, SP. O escoamento direto foi de 8,3% da precipitação anual.A resposta do deflúvio à precipitação mostrou uma variabilidade de hidrogramas,que dependeu da magnitude da precipitação e das condições de umidade antecedente do solo.De um modo geral, os hidrogramas tenderam grosseiramente a reproduzir a precipitação(hietograma. Foram identificados dois grupos de hidrogramas de acordo com a relação entre aprecipitação e o pico de vazão. No primeiro, a contribuição do escoamento de base foi pequena,com o escoamento direto dominando o hidrograma e a área variável de afluência (A.V.A..No segundo grupo, um acréscimo na precipitação produziu um aumento no pico de vazãomesmo durante as chuvas mais intensas, sugerindo que a A.V.A. ocupou uma menor parte damicrobacia, próxima ao curso d’água. Esses resultados indicaram que a umidade antecedentedo solo foi importante para a resposta do deflúvio à precipitação.This paper studied the response of runoff to rainstorm events of a smallexperimental catchment (37.5 ha with Atlantic Rainforest. The Forest HydrologicalLaboratory, at Cunha, is located in the Serra do Mar State Park, SE Brazil. The total volume ofstormflow is 8.3% of annual rainfall. The response of runoff to rainfall showed a variability ofthe hydrographs, which depended on intensity of the precipitation and soil humidity conditionsbefore the flood. In general, the hydrographs tended to roughly reproduce the shape of therainstorm. It was identified two groups of hydrographs, separated according to the quotientbetween rainfall and peak flow. At first, the contribution of base flow was low, with the directrunoff hydrograph dominating and the variable source

  17. First description of Leishmania (Viannia) infection in Evandromyia saulensis, Pressatia sp. and Trichophoromyia auraensis (Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in a transmission area of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Acre state, Amazon Basin, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo-Pereira, Thais de; Pita-Pereira, Daniela de; Boité, Mariana Côrtes; Melo, Myllena; Costa-Rego, Taiana Amancio da; Fuzari, Andressa Alencastre; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha; Britto, Constança

    2017-01-01

    Studies on the sandfly fauna to evaluate natural infection indexes are still limited in the Brazilian Amazon, a region with an increasing incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Here, by using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction directed to Leishmania kDNA and hybridisation, we were able to identify L. (Viannia) subgenus in 12 out of 173 sandflies captured in the municipality of Rio Branco, Acre state, revealing a positivity of 6.94%. By sequencing the Leishmania 234 bp-hsp70 amplified products from positive samples, infection by L. (V.) braziliensis was confirmed in five sandflies: one Evandromyia saulensis, three Trichophoromyia auraensis and one Pressatia sp. The finding of L. (Viannia) DNA in two Ev. saulensis corresponds to the first record of possible infection associated with this sandfly. Moreover, our study reveals for the first time in Brazil, Th. auraensis and Pressatia sp. infected by L. (Viannia) parasites.

  18. Environmental adaptation of the source of the subbasin of Rico Stream, Monte Alto - SP, Brazil Adequação ambiental da nascente da sub-bacia do Córrego Rico, Município de Monte Alto - SP

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    Teresa C. T. Pissarra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to define the photographic patterns that represent the use and occupation of the landcover of the "spring" of the Rico Stream subbasin, located at Monte Alto, state of São Paulo (SP, Brazil, for environmental adaptation regarding the Brazilian Forest Law. The mapping was performed using remote sensing techniques and visual interpretation of the World View image, followed by the digitalization of the net of drainage and vegetation (natural and agricultural at the AutoCad software with documents and field work. The study area has 2141.53 ha and the results demonstrated that the main crop is sugarcane with 546.34 ha, followed by 251.22 ha of pastures, 191.71 ha of perennial crops, 57.31 ha of Eucalyptus and 49.52 ha of onion, confirming the advance of sugarcane culture in the region. The region has 375.04 ha of areas of permanent preservation (APPs, and of this area it was found that only 72.17 ha (19.24% has arboreal vegetation or natural forest, and 302.87 ha of these areas need to be enriched and reforested with native vegetation from the region, according to the current legislation. The data of the area enable future proposals of models for environmental adaptation to the microbasin according to the current environmental legislation.Este trabalho teve como principal objetivo definir padrões fotográficos que representem o uso e a ocupação do solo da "cabeceira" de drenagem do Córrego Rico, localizada no Município de Monte Alto, Estado de São Paulo, para fins de adequação ambiental no que tange à legislação florestal brasileira. O mapeamento foi realizado utilizando técnicas de sensoriamento remoto e interpretação visual da imagem World View, seguida da digitalização da rede de drenagem e vegetações (naturais e agrícolas no AutoCad, com auxílio de documentos e trabalho de campo. A área de estudo apresenta uma superfície de 2.141,53 ha, e os resultados permitiram constatar que a principal cultura

  19. Note on phoptography register and preliminares observations from puerulus to juvenile of Panulirus argus after settlement in Amansia sp. macroalgae in Brazil / Nota sobre registro fotográfico e observações preliminares de puerulus a juvenil de Panulirus argus após o assentamento em macroalgas Amansia sp. no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Igarashi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Puerulus of Panulirus argus settlement is generally in the shallows and typically reside solitary in branched red algae Amansia sp. This type of habitat may be found in many areas of the Ceara State Coast, where macroalgae Amansia sp. with associated other genera of macroalgae and crevice shelters function as habitat for young juvenile spiny lobster. The objective of this work was to help to explain the settlement of puerulus and juvenile of P. argus in the coast of Ceará, Brazil and their behaviour.Puerulus de Panulirus argus assentam geralmente em locais rasos, tipicamente e solitariamente em ramos de algas vermelhas como a Amansia sp. Este tipo de habitat pode ser encontrado em muitas áreas da Costa do Estado do Ceará, onde a macroalga Amansia sp. associado com outros gêneros de macroalgas e fendas nas rochas funcionam como habitat para juvenis. O objetivo desse trabalho foi contribuir no conhecimento do comportamento e habitat de puerulus e juvenil de P. argus no Brasil.

  20. Bites by coral snakes (Micrurus spp.) in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucaretchi, Fábio; Hyslop, Stephen; Vieira, Ronan José; Toledo, Adriana Safioli; Madureira, Paulo Roberto; de Capitani, Eduardo Mello

    2006-01-01

    Coral snakes (Micrurus spp.) are the main representatives of the Elapidae in South America. However, bites by these snakes are uncommon. We retrospectively reviewed the data from 11 individuals bitten by coral snakes over a 20-year period; four were confirmed (snake brought for identification) and seven were highly suspected (neuromuscular manifestations) cases of elapid envenoming. The cases were classified as dry-bite (n = 1, caused by M. lemniscatus; did not receive antivenom), mild (n = 2, local manifestations with no acute myasthenic syndrome; M. frontalis and Micrurus spp.), moderate (n = 5, mild myasthenia) or severe (n = 3, important myasthenia; one of them caused by M. frontalis). The main clinical features upon admission were paresthesia (local, n = 9; generalized, n = 2), local pain (n = 8), palpebral ptosis (n = 8), weakness (n = 4) and inability to stand up (n = 3). No patient developed respiratory failure. Antivenom was used in ten cases, with mild early reactions occurring in three. An anticholinesterase drug was administered in the three severe cases, with a good response in two. No deaths were observed. Despite the high toxicity of coral snake venoms, the prognosis following envenoming is good. In serious bites by M. frontalis or M. lemniscatus, the venom of which acts postsynaptically, anticholinesterases may be useful as an ancillary measure if antivenom is unavailable, if there is a delay in obtaining a sufficient amount, or in those patients given the highest recommended doses of antivenom without improvement of the paralysis or with delayed recovery.

  1. Longevidade de sementes de algumas espécies de mucuna Seed longevity of some species of Stizolobium sp.

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    Jocely Andreuccetti Maeda

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available Sementes de mucuna-preta (Stizolobium atterrimum Piper et Tracy, mucuna-rajada (S. deeringianum Bort, mucuna-anã(S. deeringianum Bort e mucuna-jaspeada (Stizolobium sp. foram mantidas em condições comuns de armazém no Centro Experimental de Campinas e submetidas a testes de germinação no início e a cada dois meses, por um período total de 30 meses, com exceção dos testes em mucuna-jaspeada que, por insuficiente quantidade de sementes, foram realizados somente até os 12 meses. As sementes de mucuna-preta exibiram 80,0% ou mais de germinação até 30 meses, enquanto as de mucuna-rajada e mucuna-anã tiveram decréscimos significativos, apresentando ao final do período de armazenamento, 64,7% e 58,1% de germinação respectivamente. Até 12 meses, esse decréscimo nas sementes de mucuna-preta, rajada, anã e jaspeada foi pequeno. A partir dos 12 meses, as porcentagens de germinação das sementes de mucura-preta foram sempre estatisticamente superiores às da mucuna-rajada e anã.Seeds of Stizolobium atterrimum ("mucuna-preta", two varieties of Stizolobium deeringianurn ("mucuna-rajada" and "mucuna-anã", and of Stizolobium sp. ("mucuna-jaspeada" were maintained under uncontrolled storage conditions et Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil, and tested for germination at every two months, for a total period of 30 months. Due to a smaller amount, the seeds of Stizolobium sp. ("jaspeada" were tested only until 12 months. The seeds of Stizolobium atterrimum ("preta" exhibited germination of 80.0% or higher until 30 months, while those of the two varieties of Stizolobium deeringianum ("rajada" and "anã" had significant decreases in germination, presenting at the end of the storage period, 64.7 and 58.1% germination, respectively. Until the 12 months period, the seeds of "preta", "rajada", "aná", and "jaspeada" decreased little in germination. From that time on, the germination percentages of "preta" were always statiscally superior to

  2. Survey of cyclopids (Crustacea, Copepoda in Brazil and preliminary screening of their potential as dengue vector predators

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    Luciana Urbano dos Santos

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Cyclopid copepods are known to be good mosquito controllers, specially as regards the larvae of the dengue vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The objective of the study was to survey the local copepod fauna and search for new strains of M. longisetus var. longisetus, comparing the potential of the samples found with the current strain ML-01 against Ae. albopictus larvae, under laboratory conditions. Eleven bodies of water in Campinas, SP, Brazil, were screened for copepods by collecting 1.5 l of water from each of then. The predatory potential of adults copepods was evaluated over 24 h, in the laboratory, for groups of 5 individuals preying upon 30 first instar Ae. albopictus larvae. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The following cyclopid species were found: Metacyclops mendocinus, Tropocyclops prasinus, Eucyclops sp, Eucyclops serrulatus, Eucyclops solitarius, Eucyclops ensifer, Macrocyclops albidus var. albidus and Mesocyclops longisetus var. longisetus. The predatory potential of these copepods ranged from nil to 97.3%. A sample collected in the field containing only M. longisetus var. longisetus showed the best control efficiency with no significant difference from a three-year old laboratory culture (ML-01 of the same species evaluated for comparison. The sample with few M. albidus var. albidus was ranked in second place showing an average 25.9% efficiency. The use of copepods in trap tires as dengue vector controllers is discussed.

  3. Survey of cyclopids (Crustacea, Copepoda in Brazil and preliminary screening of their potential as dengue vector predators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos Luciana Urbano dos

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Cyclopid copepods are known to be good mosquito controllers, specially as regards the larvae of the dengue vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The objective of the study was to survey the local copepod fauna and search for new strains of M. longisetus var. longisetus, comparing the potential of the samples found with the current strain ML-01 against Ae. albopictus larvae, under laboratory conditions. Eleven bodies of water in Campinas, SP, Brazil, were screened for copepods by collecting 1.5 l of water from each of then. The predatory potential of adults copepods was evaluated over 24 h, in the laboratory, for groups of 5 individuals preying upon 30 first instar Ae. albopictus larvae. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The following cyclopid species were found: Metacyclops mendocinus, Tropocyclops prasinus, Eucyclops sp, Eucyclops serrulatus, Eucyclops solitarius, Eucyclops ensifer, Macrocyclops albidus var. albidus and Mesocyclops longisetus var. longisetus. The predatory potential of these copepods ranged from nil to 97.3%. A sample collected in the field containing only M. longisetus var. longisetus showed the best control efficiency with no significant difference from a three-year old laboratory culture (ML-01 of the same species evaluated for comparison. The sample with few M. albidus var. albidus was ranked in second place showing an average 25.9% efficiency. The use of copepods in trap tires as dengue vector controllers is discussed.

  4. Fauna de flebotomíneos (Diptera: Psychodidae de uma reserva de campina no Estado do Amazonas, e sua importância epidemiológica Phlebotomine fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae in a campina reserve in the State of Amazonas, and its epidemiological importance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plínio Eudson Santos da Silva

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: No Brasil, a maior diversidade de flebotomíneos é encontrada na Região Amazônica, principalmente em floresta primária de terra-firme. No entanto, sua fauna ainda é pouco conhecida em outros ecossistemas desta região. MÉTODOS: a fim de conhecer a fauna de flebotomíneos de outro ecossistema amazônico, coletas com armadilhas de luz CDC foram realizadas em uma área de campina/campinarana na zona periurbana da Cidade de Manaus. RESULTADOS: foram capturados 814 flebotomíneos de 26 espécies, sendo as mais abundantes: Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (64,5%; Lutzomyia georgii (14%; Lutzomyia olmeca nociva (8,1%; Lutzomyia furcata (3,2%; Lutzomyia monstruosa (1,3%; Lutzomyia umbratilis (1,1% outros (7,8%. CONCLUSÕES: Campina/campinarana revelou-se de grande importância epidemiológica devido a elevada abundância de Lutzomyia flaviscutellata e Lutzomyia olmeca nociva, ambas vetoras de Leishmania (Leishmania amazonensis. Com base nestas informações, será possível traçar metas para estudos parasitológicos e conscientizar pesquisadores e estudantes, que mantém constante exposição nesta área realizando trabalhos de pesquisa, sobre o possível risco de contaminação por Leishmania.INTRODUCTION: In Brazil, the largest diversity of phlebotomines is found in the Amazon region, particularly in undisturbed terra-firma forest. However, the phlebotomine fauna in other ecosystems of this region is still not well known. METHODS: In order to investigate the phlebotomine fauna of another Amazon ecosystem, collections were made using CDC light traps in the campina/campinarana ecosystems in the periurban zone of the city of Manaus. RESULTS: Eight hundred and fourteen phlebotomines of 26 species were captured, of which the most abundant were: Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (64.5%; Lutzomyia georgii (14%; Lutzomyia olmeca nociva (8.1%; Lutzomyia furcata (3.2%; Lutzomyia monstruosa (1.3%; Lutzomyia umbratilis (1.1%; and others (7.8%. CONCLUSIONS

  5. Estudo da ocorrência de enteroparasitas em hortaliças comercializadas na região metropolitana de São Paulo - SP, Brasil: II - Pesquisa de protozoários intestinais Study of the occurrence of intestinal parasites os vegetables comercially traded in the metropolitan area of S.Paulo, SP - Brazil: II - Research into protozoan cysts

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    Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira

    1992-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas hortaliças "in natura", comercializadas na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, SP-Brasil, visando à pesquisa e à identificação de cistos de protozoários de interesse médico. As hortaliças, constituídas de 50 amostras de cada variedade, consistiram em: alface (Lactuca sativa, variedades lisa e crespa, escarola (Chichorium sp e agrião (Nasturtium officinale. Os resultados evidenciaram elevados percentuais de contaminação em todas as variedades de hortaliças analisadas, porém as freqüências de protozoários foram maiores no agrião. As amostras de alfaces apresentaram os menores percentuais de contaminação, enquanto que a escarola apresentou valores geralmente situados entre o agrião e as alfaces. Observou-se uma grande variedade de protozoários, cujas freqüências de ocorrência na população residente na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo são igualmente elevadas. Os mais freqüentes foram Entamoeba sp (com 4 e 8 núcleos e Giardia sp. Foram também isolados cistos de Iodamoeba sp, Endolimax sp e Chilomastix sp. Os elevados níveis de contaminação fecal encontrados nas amostras analisadas apontam para a importância dos alimentos na transmissão de protozoários intestinais.Vegetables in natura , commercially traded in the metropolitan area of S.Paulo, Brazil, were analised by means of the appropriate methodology with a view to discovering and identifying protozoan cysts of medical interest. The vegetables under study consisted of 50 samples of each of the variaties listed bel ow: lettuce (Lactuca sativa - oily leaves and crisphead varieties, endive (Chicorium sp and water-cress (Nasturtium officinale. Results showed high rates of contamination in all the varieties of vegetable analysed. However, the water-cress was the one which presented the highest frequencies of enteroparasites. Both the oily leafes and crisphead varieties of lettuce presented the lowest rates of contamination, whereas endive

  6. First Report of Kidney Lesions Due to Renicola sp. (Digenea: Trematoda) in Free-Living Magellanic Penguins ( Spheniscus magellanicus Forster, 1781) Found on the Coast of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerdy, H; Baldassin, P; Werneck, M R; Bianchi, M; Ribeiro, R B; Carvalho, E C Q

    2016-12-01

    This paper presents the first report of parasites from the genus Renicola sp. in the kidneys of Magellanic penguins. The histological analysis revealed inflammatory infiltrate (eonsinophils, lymphocytes, and plasmocytes), together with fibroplasia and compression of the adjacent ducts.

  7. Helminth parasites of fishes from the hydroeletric power station of eletrosul (Brazil. I: Procamallanus petterae n. sp. and Spirocamallanus pintoi n. sp. (Nematoda, Camallanidae from the reservoir of Salto Osório

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    Anna Kohn

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available Procamallanus petterae n. sp. from Plecostomus albopunctarus and Spirocamallanus pintoi n. sp. from Corydoras paleatus are described. procamallanus petterae n. sp. differs from all other species of the genus by having a buccal capsule without spiral bands, with five teeth-like structures on its base and four plate-like structures near the anterior margin; length ratio of oesophagus muscular/glandular 1:1.4; spicules short, 21µ m and 16µ m long and tails ending abruptly in a sharp point, in both sexes. Spirocamallanus pintoi n. sp. is characterized by having 6 to 8 spiral thickenings in the buccal capsule of male and 9 to 10 in female, occupying 2/3 of the length of the capsule; length of glandular oesophagus more than twice the muscular; spicules short, the right 94µ m and the left 82µ m long.São descritos Procamallanus petterae n. sp. paradito de Plecostomus albopunctatus e Spirocamallanus pintoi n. sp. de Corydors paleatus. P. petterae diferencia-se das demais espécies do gênero por apresentar cápsula bucal sem estrias, com cinco estruturas em forma de dentes na base e quatro estruturas em forma de placas próximo da margem anterior; relação do comprimento do esôfago muscular/glandular 1:1,4; espículos curtos com 21 e 16 µm de comprimento respectivamente e terminação caudal afilando-se abruptamente e terminando em ponta, em ambos os sexos. S. pintoi n. sp. caracteriza-se por possuir cápsula bucal com 6 a 8 espirais no macho e 9 a 10 na fêmea, ocupando somente 2/3 do comprimento da cápsula; comprimento do esôfago glandular mais de duas vezes o muscular e espículos curtos, direito medindo 94 µm e esquerdo 82 µm de comprimento. S. pintoi n. sp. é mais próxima de S. hilarii (Vaz & Pereira, 1934 e de S. incarocai (Freitas & Ibanez, 1970, das quais se diferencia principalmente pelo menor número de espirais na cápsula bucal.

  8. The diversity and extracellular enzymatic activities of yeasts isolated from water tanks of Vriesea minarum, an endangered bromeliad species in Brazil, and the description of Occultifur brasiliensis f.a., sp. nov.

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    Gomes, Fátima C O; Safar, Silvana V B; Marques, Andrea R; Medeiros, Adriana O; Santos, Ana Raquel O; Carvalho, Cláudia; Lachance, Marc-André; Sampaio, José Paulo; Rosa, Carlos A

    2015-02-01

    The diversity of yeast species collected from the bromeliad tanks of Vriesea minarum, an endangered bromeliad species, and their ability to produce extracellular enzymes were studied. Water samples were collected from 30 tanks of bromeliads living in a rupestrian field site located at Serrada Piedade, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, during both the dry and rainy seasons. Thirty-six species were isolated, representing 22 basidiomycetous and 14 ascomycetous species. Occultifur sp., Cryptococcus podzolicus and Cryptococcus sp. 1 were the prevalent basidiomycetous species. The yeast-like fungus from the order Myriangiales, Candida silvae and Aureobasidium pullulans were the most frequent ascomycetous species. The diversity of the yeast communities obtained between seasons was not significantly different, but the yeast composition per bromeliad was different between seasons. These results suggest that there is significant spatial heterogeneity in the composition of populations of the yeast communities within bromeliad tanks, independent of the season. Among the 352 yeast isolates tested, 282 showed at least one enzymatic activity. Protease activity was the most widely expressed extracellular enzymatic activity, followed by xylanase, amylase, pectinase and cellulase activities. These enzymes may increase the carbon and nitrogen availability for the microbial food web in the bromeliad tank of V. minarum. Sequence analyses revealed the existence of 10 new species, indicating that bromeliad tanks are important sources of new yeasts. The novel species Occultifur brasiliensis, f.a., sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate the most frequently isolated yeast associated with V. minarum. The type strain of O. brasiliensis, f.a., sp. nov. is UFMG-CM-Y375(T) (= CBS 12687(T)). The Mycobank number is MB 809816.

  9. Hepatites pós-transfusionais na cidade de Campinas, SP, Brasil: II. Presença dos anticorpos anti-HBc e anti-HCV em candidatos a doadores de sangue e ocorrência de hepatites pós-transfusionais pelo vírus C nos receptores de sangue ou derivados Post-transfusional hepatitis in the city of Campinas, SP, Brazil: II- Presence of anti-HBc and anti-HCV antibodies in blood donors and occurrence of post-transfusional hepatitis C virus in recipients of blood or derivates

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    Fernando Lopes Gonçales Júnior

    1993-02-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisamos os anticorpos anti-HBc e anti-HCV em amostras de soros provenientes de 799 candidatos a doadores, que tiveram suas unidades de sangue ou derivados transfundidas a 111 receptores. O anti-HBc e o anti-HCV foram reagentes, em respectivamente 9 e 2,1% dos doadores testados. Observamos que entre os 111 receptores, 44 haviam recebido pelo menos uma unidade anti-HBc positiva e 67 haviam sido transfundidos somente com unidades anti-HBc negativas. Houve um risco 4,5 vezes maior de aquisição de hepatite por vírus C pelos receptores que receberam pelo menos uma unidade anti-HBc positiva Se a pesquisa do anti-HBc fosse realizada na triagem sorológica dos doadores de sangue, cerca de 56% dos casos de HVC nos receptores saiam evitados. A população de receptores que recebeu pelo menos uma unidade anti-HCV reagente, apresentou um risco 29 vezes maior de adquirir esta hepatite, quando comparada aos receptores transfundidos com todas as unidades anti-HCV negativas. A realização do teste para a pesquisa do anti-HCV na triagem dos doadores de sangue, preveniria 79% dos casos de HVC pós-transfusionais. Os candidatos a doadores brasileiros parecem ser acometidos simultânea ou sequencialmente, pelos vírus B e C das hepatites, pois, 44,4% dos doadores anti-HCV positivos, também foram anti-HBc positivos. A realização dos testes para as pesquisas dos anticorpos anti-HBc e anti-HCV, nas triagens hemoterápicas, está indicada para prevenir a transmissão de hepatites pós-transfusionais, em nosso meio.We have analysed anti-HBc and anti-HCV antibodies in serum samples from 799 donors which had their blood or derivates transfused to 111 recipients. Anti-HBc and anti-HCV were reactive in respectively 9 and 2.1% of the donors tested. We have observed that among the 111 recipients, 44 had received at least one positive anti-HBc unit and 67 had been transfused only with negative anti-HBc, units. The risk of developing hepatitis C virus was 4.5 times higher for the recipients who received at least one positive anti-HBc unit. If the test for anti-HBc had been made for the blood donors in the serological screening, about 56% of the HCV cases in the recipients could have been avoided. The population of recipients who received at least one reacting unit of anti-HCV, presented a risk 29 times higher of developing this hepatitis, as compared to the transfused recipients with all anti-HCV negative units. Testing blood from donors for anti-HCV would avoid 79% of the post-transfusional HCV cases. Brazilian candidates to blood donors seem to be carriers either simultaneously or sequentially to hepatitis virus B and C, since 44.4% of the positive anti-HCV were also positive for anti-HBc. Testing for anti-HBc and anti-HCV in blood screening must be indicated in order to prevent post-transfusional hepatitis transmission in our community.

  10. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter sp strains isolated from calves with and without diarrhea in Minas Gerais state, Brazil Susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos de amostras de Campylobacter sp isoladas de bezerros com e sem diarréia, no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

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    Karina Leite Miranda

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The antimicrobial susceptibility of 25 Campylobacter sp strains isolated from calves with and without diarrhea - 7 C. coli, 16 C. fetus and 2 C. jejuni was studied by the disk diffusion method. Eleven antimicrobial agents were tested amikacin, ampicillin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, neomycin, nitrofurantoin, penicillin G, tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. All Campylobacter sp strains were susceptible to amikacin, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, neomycin and nitrofurantoin. Three strains were moderately susceptible to kanamycin (2 C. coli and 1 C. fetus. All the strains were resistant to penicillin G. Two C. fetus strains were moderately susceptible to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and 1 C. coli, 9 C. fetus and 2 C. jejuni strains were resistant. Two C. fetus strains were moderately susceptible to tetracycline and 3 C. coli, 2 C. fetus and 1 C. jejuni strains were resistant. Eleven strains showed multidrug resistance (2 C. coli, 8 C. fetus and 1 C. jejuni. There was no correlation between resistance of Campylobacter sp strains to antimicrobials and the occurrence of diarrhea in calves. The frequency of resistance and, most importantly, multi drug resistance found among Campylobacter sp strains isolated from calves in Minas Gerais, Brazil, were high and the patterns of resistance observed are related to the antimicrobials agents most largely used in cattle in Brazil.Foi estudado o perfil de susceptibilidade aos antimicrobianos de 25 amostras de Campylobacter sp isoladas de bezerros com e sem diarréia (7 C. coli, 16 C. fetus e 2 C. jejuni. Foram testados pelo método de difusão 11 agentes antimicrobianos: amicacina, ampicilina, canamicina, cloranfenicol, eritromicina, gentamicina, neomicina, nitrofurantoína, penicilina G, tetraciclina e sulfametoxazole-trimetoprim. Todas as amostras de Campylobacter sp foram susceptíveis a amicacina, ampicilina, cloranfenicol, eritromicina

  11. Fiscalização de hortas produtoras de verduras do município de Ribeirão Preto, SP Monitoring of lettuce crops of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

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    Osvaldo M. Takayanagui

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available O consumo de verduras cruas desempenha importante papel na transmissão de várias doenças infecciosas pela freqüente prática de irrigação de hortas com água contaminada. O objetivo deste estudo é a avaliação das condições higiênico-sanitárias de todas as hortas produtoras de verduras de Ribeirão Preto, SP com implantação de um sistema de fiscalização. A análise laboratorial de 129 hortas revelou irregularidades em 20,1% delas, destacando-se elevada concentração de coliformes fecais em 17%, presença de Salmonella em 3,1% e de vários enteroparasitas (Ascaris sp, Ancylostomidae, Strongyloides sp, Hymenolepis nana e Giardia sp em 13,1%. A repetição da análise das hortas irregulares determinou a interdição definitiva de uma delas; todas as demais foram aprovadas, comprovando a eficácia do sistema de fiscalização, particularmente com a implantação, inédita no país, do certificado de vistoria sanitária.The ingesting of raw vegetables plays an important role in the transmission of several infectious diseases due to the high frequency of irrigation with wastewater. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sanitary conditions of all lettuce producing crops in Ribeirão Preto through microbiological and parasitological analysis of both irrigation water and lettuce together with the implantation of an effective crop monitoring. Laboratory analysis of 129 crops showed irregularities in 26 (20.1% of these: high concentration of fecal coliforms in 17% of the lettuce, presence of Salmonella in 3.1% and several enteroparasites (Ascaris sp, Ancylostomidae, Strongyloides sp, Hymenolepis nana, and Giardia sp in 13.1%. Persistent irregularities determined the definitive closing down of one producer; all of the remaining 128 crops were eventually approved, thus demonstrating the efficacy of lettuce crop monitoring. Crops approved in the laboratory analysis were awarded a Sanitary Inspection Certificate - an unprecedented

  12. The subfamily Mendesellinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in Brazil, with the description of six new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortoni, Marco Aurélio; Souza-Gessner, Carolina DA Silva; Penteado-Dias, Angélica Maria

    2016-11-29

    In this paper, we study the Mendesellinae wasps from Brazil deposited at Departamento de Ecologia e Biologia Evolutiva da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil collection. Two new species of Epsilogaster (E. masoni sp. n. and E. whitfieldi sp. n.) and four new species of Mendesella (M. albipleura sp. n., M. itatiaia sp. n., M. japi sp. n., M. yamadai sp. n.) are described and illustrated.

  13. Herpetofauna of the Quaternary sand dunes of the Middle Rio São Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. VIII. Amphisbaena arda sp. nov., a fulliginosa-like checkered patterned Amphisbaena (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae.

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    Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Amphisbaena arda sp. nov. is described based on a specimen obtained at Mocambo do Vento, on the left bank of the São Francisco river, Bahia state, Brazil. A. arda is a medium size amphisbaenian with a checkered black and white color pattern similar to the one present in the fuliginosa group but differing from that by having a lighter pigmentation, an uniformly white ventral surface, and by several other important morphological characters. A. arda is similar to Amphisbaena vermicularis in meristic characters currently used to assist amphisbaenian identification but can be separated from it by its color pattern, its flatter cephalic shields, and by the more ventral position of the nostril.

  14. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV, feline leukaemia virus (FeLV and Leishmania sp. in domestic cats in the Midwest of Brazil

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    Daniella Poffo

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This search aimed to investigate FIV and FeLV infections in domestic cats, analysing the epidemiological profile of the disease as well as additional infection with Leishmania sp. We evaluated 88 domestic cats for the presence of FIV, FeLV and Leishmania sp. infection. Eleven (12.5% cats were positive for FIV infection, four (4.5% were positive for FeLV, and two were co-infected. However, none was infected with Leishmania sp. The prevalence for FIV infection was higher than FeLV, and those observed in other regions, but no factor was associated with the infection by FIV and FeLV in this study.

  15. Planejamento ambiental de áreas verdes: estudo de caso em Campinas–SP. Environmental planning of urban green areas: case study Campinas–SP.

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    Elaine Cristina Cardoso FIDALGO

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo selecionare estruturar indicadores de acordo com metasdefinidas para um planejamento das áreas verdes edesenvolver uma proposta metodológica para umordenamento territorial, por meio de análise espacial.Os indicadores foram selecionados de forma aidentificar áreas verdes no distrito sede do municípiode Campinas, SP, Brasil, que garantissem a proposiçãode alternativas de conservação da biodiversidade, odesenvolvimento de programas de educação ambientale a possibilidade de recreação. Os indicadores foramponderados, espacializados e integrados, resultando,em uma primeira etapa, em dois mapas de síntese:o primeiro, indicando as áreas prioritárias para aimplantação de áreas verdes de acordo com oselementos antrópicos; e o segundo, as áreas prioritáriasde acordo com os elementos naturais. A integração dosdois mapas gerados resultou no mapa de áreas prioritáriasà implantação de áreas verdes. A espacialização dosindicadores permitiu identificar a distribuição desigualde áreas verdes para a população, uma vez que seconcentram nos locais onde está a população de maiorrenda. A estratégica metodológica adotada permitiu a identificação e hierarquização das áreas prioritárias à implantação de áreas verdes no município.This work aims to select and to organizeindicators according to the defined goals for theurban green areas planning, and to develop amethodological proposal to territorial ordering,using spatial analysis. It was developed inCampinas city (urban district, São Paulo state,Brazil. The indicators were selected according tothe information needed to identify urban greenareas to biodiversity conservation, environmentaleducation programs, and recreation. The indicatorswere weighted, spacialized and integrated. In afirst stage, it resulted in two synthesis maps, thefirst showing the priority areas to establish urbangreen areas according to the human elements, andthe

  16. Detection of thermophilic Campylobacter sp. in raw chicken sausages by methods ISO 10272: 2006 in Curitiba – Parana State – Brazil

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    Konell, K.; Gelinsk, M.A.; Benetti, T.M.; Abrahão, W.M.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was the detection of Campylobacter sp. in raw chicken sausages using the methods ISO 10272-1 and ISO 10272-2. The overall prevalence of Campylobacter sp. in the samples tested was 16.67%, representing a serious risk to the health of consumers, particularly if measures guaranteeing proper cooking of foods and prevention of cross-contamination are not adopted. Furthermore, the majority of campylobacteriosis cases in humans are caused by consumption or improper handling of contaminated raw or undercooked poultry meat, which constitute the main vehicle of this infection. PMID:25763066

  17. Urban Experiences: Migrants and Ways of Living and Working in the Outskirts of Campina Grande in the 1960s

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    HILMARIA XAVIER DA SILVA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available From the late 1940s and early 1950s, Campina Grande undergoes a significant urbanization and expansion, favored by economic growth. We observed that rural workers migrated from rural to urban area in Campina Grande in so far as the farming activity was becoming unviable due to droughts and they could see, in the urban center of Campina, other possibilities of working and worthier life conditions. Our work attempts to reflect on how some popular migrated to Campina Grande in the late 1950s and 1960s, changing their practices in the workplace and changing the characteristics of the city, because massing in the periphery, men and women who were ploughpeople in past, have now the role of watchers, bricklayers, washerwomen, street vendors, cart drivers, stone breakers, among others.

  18. Prevenção da Aids com adolescentes encarcerados em São Paulo, SP AIDS prevention among incarcerated teenagers, Brazil

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    Camila Alves Peres

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Descrever o perfil de adolescentes quanto ao apoio social e familiar, ao uso de drogas e os conhecimentos, as práticas e atitudes relacionadas à Aids e sua prevenção. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 275 jovens internos, do sexo masculino, de um centro de internação da Fundação Estadual do Bem Estar do Menor (Febem, em São Paulo, SP. A pesquisa foi feita em duas fases: a primeira por meio de entrevistas semi-estruturadas com 20 internos; a segunda, com questionários para auto-respostas aplicados aos 275 internos, com perguntas fechadas referentes a características sociodemográficas, criminalidade, práticas sexuais, uso de drogas, conhecimento, atitudes e práticas relativas à Aids. RESULTADOS: Do total estudado, 90% dos jovens internos residiam com suas famílias antes da internação; todos haviam estudado em escolas públicas, ainda que 61% já houvessem abandonado os estudos; 12% já haviam usado drogas; e 5,5% eram usuários de drogas intravenosas. A maioria (98% era sexualmente ativa; 35% haviam tido mais de 15 parceiras(os sexuais ao longo da vida; 8% haviam tido experiências homossexuais (dentro ou fora da Febem; 12% já haviam trocado sexo por benefícios materiais; e 22% já eram pais. Muitos dos adolescentes afirmaram que adquirir o HIV "é parte da vida" e que suas vidas apresentam riscos piores, como sobreviver na criminalidade. Acreditam que o preservativo é frágil (83% e atrapalha a relação sexual (58%; 72% já haviam utilizado preservativo, mas apenas 9% o utilizavam sempre. CONCLUSÕES: Os adolescentes apresentaram um elevado risco de aquisição do HIV. Assim, torna-se necessário integrar a prevenção da Aids em sua problemática de vida e em temas como racismo, esperança pelo futuro, criminalidade, uso de drogas, direitos fundamentais, incluídos nestes os referentes ao sexo e à reprodução, mostrando existir alternativas a adquirir o HIV ou morrer na criminalidade.OBJECTIVES: To describe social and

  19. Masculinidade e vulnerabilidade ao HIV de homens heterossexuais, São Paulo, SP Masculinity and vulnerability to HIV among heterosexual men in São Paulo, Brazil

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    Iara Guerriero

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar aspectos da masculinidade relacionados à vulnerabilidade dos homens à infecção pelo HIV. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa qualitativa realizada com homens motoristas de ônibus e integrantes de uma Comissão Interna de Prevenção de Acidentes (Cipa em uma empresa de transportes coletivos na cidade de São Paulo, SP. Foram gravadas e transcritas dez entrevistas individuais e quatro oficinas de sexo seguro. Seu conteúdo foi disposto e discutido em blocos temáticos relacionados à sexualidade, à infidelidade, ao preservativo, às doenças sexualmente transmissíveis e à Aids. RESULTADOS: São aspectos que tornam os homens mais vulneráveis: sentir-se forte, imune a doenças; ser impetuoso, correr riscos; ser incapaz de recusar uma mulher; considerar que o homem tem mais necessidade de sexo do que a mulher e de que esse desejo é incontrolável. A infidelidade masculina é considerada natural; a feminina é atribuída a deficiências do parceiro. A decisão por usar ou não camisinha é feita pelo homem; a mulher só pode solicitá-la para evitar gravidez. A não-utilização da camisinha é atribuída a: estética, alto custo, medo de perder a ereção, perda de sensibilidade no homem e na mulher. Os entrevistados não se consideram vulneráveis ao HIV nem a doenças sexualmente transmissíveis (DST e confundem suas formas de transmissão. CONCLUSÕES: A idéia de que ser homem é ser um bom provedor para a família e ter responsabilidade pode constituir um aspecto que favoreça a prevenção, já que pode levá-los a usar camisinha como contraceptivo e para não trazer doenças para casa. É importante conhecer e intervir sobre as concepções de masculinidade, não só porque elas podem contribuir para aumento da vulnerabilidade ao HIV, mas também porque podem apontar caminhos mais efetivos para a prevenção.OBJECTIVE: To identify aspects of masculinity that could be associated with vulnerability to HIV among heterosexual men

  20. Primeiro relato de Strongyloides sp. (Nematoda, Strongyloididae em Leopardus tigrinus (Carnivora: Felidae do município de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil First report of Strongyloides sp. (Nematoda, Strongyloididae in Leopardus tigrinus (Carnivora: Felidae in the municipality of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Karina R. dos Santos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo reporta o primeiro caso de infecção por Strongyloides sp. em Leopardus tigrinus no município de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Fezes do exemplar parasitado de L. tigrinus foram cultivadas em fezes eqüinas esterilizadas e foi realizada infecção experimental em gato (Felis catus domesticus com três mil larvas L3 infectantes por via subcutânea, para a identificação da espécie de Strongyloides envolvida no parasitismo. As fêmeas partenogenéticas obtidas do animal experimental foram analisadas porém a comparação dos dados biométricos encontrados com os dados da literatura não permitiu a identificação da espécie. Este é o primeiro relato sobre a ocorrência de Strongyloides sp. Em L. tigrinusThe present study reports the first case of infection by Strongyloides sp. in Leopardus tigrinus in the municipality of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Feces of the infected L. tigrinus specimen were cultivated in sterilized equine feces and a cat (Felis catus domesticus was experimentally infected with three thousand infective L3 subcutaneous route, in order to identify the Strongyloides species involved in the parasitism. Parthenogenetic females recovered from the experimental animals were analyzed but comparison between the biometric data found and the data in the literature did not enable identification of the species. This is the first report on the occurrence of Strongyloides sp. in L. tigrinus.

  1. MORTALITY OF YOUTH Arapaima gigas (PISCES: ARAPAIMIDAE FROM A FISH FARMING IN THE NORTH OF BRAZIL, CAUSED BY Hysterothylacium sp. AND Goezia spinulosa (NEMATODA: ANISAKIDAE

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    Patrizia Batista de Azevedo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In youth A. gigas the risk of parasitic infections is very high, due to their feeding habit to prey on small invertebrates, which act as intermediate hosts of different endoparasite species, which can cause serious problems and high mortalities in fish farms. Thus, the aim of the present study was to identify the species that parasitize youth A. gigas raised in captivity in the Manacapuru municipality, Amazonas State and to evaluate their influence on the mortality of these fish. There were examined 66 youth A. gigas and non-parasite was recorded in the host gills. The intestine and stomach of the fish were parasitized by Hysterothylacium sp. larvae (L3 and Goezia spinulosa larvae (L4. The parasitic indexes were high for the two species, being recorded the highest rates of infection by Hysterothylacium sp. There was observed a weak positive correlation between the host standard length and the abundance of Hysterothylacium sp. The lesions observed in the stomach and intestine of the fish, together with the high parasite index values recorded for Hysterothylacium sp. and Goezia spinulosa, leads to the suspicion that the death of the fish was due to complications and damages caused by the presence of these parasites. Keywords: Amazonia; arapaima; death; nematodes.

  2. First record of epizootics in the ocola skipper, Panoquina sp. (Lepidopera: Hesperiidae), caused by Isaria tenuipes in flooded rice fields of Central Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fungal entomopathogens serve an important ecological function by naturally regulating insect pest populations in agricultural crops worldwide. We report the first occurrence of an epizootic of the ascomycetous fungus Isaria tenuipes on rice skipper Panoquina sp. (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae), a major p...

  3. [Presence of intestinal parasites in vegetables sold in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. I--Search of helminths].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, C A; Germano, P M

    1992-08-01

    Vegetables in natura, commercially traded in the metropolitan area of S. Paulo, were analysed by the appropriate methodology with a view to discovering an identifying the paths of transmission of enteroparasites of medical interest. The vegetables under study consisted of 50 samples of each variety listed below: lettuce (Lactuca sativa)-oily leaves and crisphead varieties, endive (Chicorium sp) and water-cress (Nasturtium Officinale). Results showed high rates of contamination in all the vegetable varieties analysed. However, the water-cress was that which presented the highest frequencies of enteroparasites. The endive presented middle values ranking, in general, between the lettuces and the water-cress. Though high, the average number of helminth eggs and larvae obtained per 100 gr. of sample did not present statistically significant differences as between the four vegetable varieties studied. A great variety of helminths and protozoans such as occur frequently in the resident population of the metropolitan area of S. Paulo, were observed in the samples. However, the most frequent were: hookworms and Ascaris sp. Eggs of Toxocara sp, Fasciola sp and Trichostrongylidae were also recovered from the samples thus corroborating the occurrence of vegetables contamination with faeces of domestic animals. In view of the results obtained, the importance of these kinds of food in the transmission of enteroparasites is stressed, as well as the need for actions which improve the sanitary conditions of these products.

  4. Detection of hemoplasma and Bartonella species and co-infection with retroviruses in cats subjected to a spaying/neutering program in Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    de Bortoli, Caroline Plácidi; André, Marcos Rogério; Seki, Meire Christina; Pinto, Aramis Augusto; Machado, Saulo de Tarso Zacarias; Machado, Rosangela Zacarias

    2012-01-01

    .... FIV antigens and anti-FeLV antibodies, were studied by using a commercial kit on blood and serum samples, respectively, among 46 cats that were sampled during a spaying/neutering campaign conducted in Jaboticabal, SP. Three (6.5...

  5. Isolamento do vírus rábico em morcego insetívoro, Nyctinomops macrotis, no Município de Diadema, SP (Brasil Isolation of rabies virus in an insectivorous bat Nyctinomops macrotis, in Southeastern Brazil

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    Estevão C. Passos

    1998-02-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado o isolamento do vírus rábico em morcego insetívoro Nyctinomops macrotis capturado próximo à represa Billings e à mata Atlântica, no Município de Diadema, SP (Brasil. A pesquisa do antígeno rábico no tecido cerebral do morcego apresentou resultado positivo na reação de imunofluorescência direta. O isolamento do vírus rábico no tecido cerebral e nas glândulas salivares do morcego foi obtido através da inoculação intracerebral em camundongos. O Município de Diadema não apresentava casos de raiva animal desde 1982, sendo este o primeiro relato da presença do vírus rábico em morcego insetívoro.The rabies virus was isolated from an insectivorous bat, Nyctinomops macrotis, trapped in Diadema, SP, Brazil, in a public building near a water supply reservoir. Fluorescent antibodies against rabies virus were detected in cerebral tissue and the viral isolation was made after the inoculation of cerebral tissue and salivary gland suspension in mice. There have been no recorded cases of animal rabies in Diadema since 1982, and this is the first isolation of the rabies virus in an insectivorous bat in the city.

  6. Herpetofauna of the quaternary sand dunes of the middle Rio São Francisco: Bahia: Brazil. VII.: Typhlops amoipira sp. nov., a possible relative of Typhlops yonenagae (Serpentes, Typhlopidae

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    Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available A new species of a small typhlopid snake is described from Ibiraba, in the sand- dune area of the left bank of Rio São Francisco, State of Bahia, Brazil. Typhlops amoipira sp. nov. is a small, light brown, and slightly pigmented Typhlops characterized by an incomplete nasal suture,18 scale rows around the body (SAB, and 212-242 dorsal scales. The geographic and morphologically closer species, Typhlops yonenagae (18 SAB, 259-291 dorsals lives in the same area, in the sands of the opposite side of the river.Descreve-se uma nova espécie de Typhlops de Ibiraba, no campo de dunas da margem esquerda do Rio São Francisco, Bahia, Brasil. Typhlops amoipira sp. nov. é um pequeno tiflopídeo castanho claro, pouco pigmentado, caracterizado por apresentar 18 fileiras de escamas ao redor do corpo e 212 a 242 dorsais. A espécie geográfica e morfologicamente mais próxima, Typhlops yonenagae, ocorre na mesma área, nas areias da margem oposta do rio e, embora também tenha 18 fileiras de escamas ao redor do corpo, apresenta 259 a 291 escamas dorsais.

  7. Cotidiano de combate: imagens subvertidas em uma escola pública da cidade de Campinas Everyday battles: subverted images in a public school from the city of Campinas

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    Alexsandro Aparecido Sgobin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Este texto procura descrever experiências realizadas em uma escola da periferia de Campinas, tendo como inspiração a pedagogia libertária, ou anarquista. Com a consciência de que a implantação da própria pedagogia libertária em escolas sob o comando do Estado e, portanto imersas em uma ideologia capitalista, é praticamente impossível sugerir práticas de aula que busquem "anarquismos": movimentos, pensares, amores, batalhas que movimentem o pensamento e abram linhas de fuga, tocando as pretensões libertárias. No caso das experiências descritas neste texto, utilizamos, como possíveis anarquismos, fotografias de pichações que sofreram manipulação digital, tornando-se uma "hiper-realidade".This paper seeks to describe experiences in a school on the outskirts of Campinas, taking as inspiration the anarchist pedagogy. With the awareness that the implementation of anarchist pedagogy in public schools (immersed in a capitalist ideology is virtually impossible, we suggest classroom practices that seek for "anarchisms": movements, thoughts, love affairs, battles that move thought and open escape routes, touching the libertarian claims. In the case of the experiments described in this paper we use as possible anarchism photographs of "graffiti", which have undergone digital manipulation, making it a "hyperreality."

  8. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by The Federal University of Campina Grande

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The XXXI EFNNE will be produced with the suport from the Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), the State University of Paraíba and the Federal Institute for Education, Science and Technology of Paraíba. The event, already part of the Brazilian scientific calendar, is an important opportunity for exchange of ideas about physics or the teaching of physics in the regions North and Northeast of the country.

  9. A new species of Scymnobius Casey (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Scymnini from Pernambuco, Brazil

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    José Adriano Giorgi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Scymnobius Casey (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Scymnini from Pernambuco, Brazil. Scymnobius pernambucensis sp. nov. from Pernambuco, Brazil, is described and illustrated. This is the third species of this genus recorded from Brazil.

  10. Cobertura vacinal e mortalidade infantil em Campina Grande, PB, Brasil Cobertura vacunal y mortalidad infantil en Campina Grande, PB, Brasil Vaccination coverage and child mortality in Campina Grande, PB, Brazil

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    Inacia Sátiro Xavier de França

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal para investigar cobertura vacinal e mortalidade de crianças menores de um ano de idade, identificar recursos, ações e dificuldades para alcançar meta vacinal. Participaram 2.206 crianças e 62 enfermeiros das Unidades Básicas de Saúde da Família. Utilizou-se formulário e entrevista semi-estruturada. Identificaram-se ações direcionadas à saúde da criança; dispersão entre o número de crianças cadastradas nas UBSF e o de nascidos vivos; oscilações dos percentuais de vacinação, ora aproximando-se da meta, ora afastando-se. A resistência dos pais a vacinação, falta de insumos e de ACS em algumas UBSF foram as principais barreiras enfrentadas para atingir a meta. O índice de mortalidade infantil ficou abaixo de 20, confirmando o impacto da cobertura vacinal.Estudio transversal para investigar cubierta vacunal y mortalidad de niños menores de un año de edad, identificar recursos, acciones y dificultades para alcanzar meta vacunal. Participaron 2.206 niños y 62 enfermeros de las Unidades Basicas de Salud de la Familia. Se utilizó formulario y entrevista semi estructurada. Se identificaron acciones orientadas a la salud del niño; dispersión entre el número de niños registrados en las unidades y los de nacidos vivos; oscilaciones de los porcentajes de vacunación, ora aproximándose de la meta, ora alejándose. La resistencia de los padres a vacunación, falta de insumos y de ACS en algunas unidades fueron las principales barreras enfrentadas para atingir la meta. El índice de mortalidad infantil se quedo abajo de 20, confirmando el impacto de la cubierta vacunal.Cohort study to investigate mortality and immunization coverage of children under one year of age, identify resources, actions and difficulties to achieve goal vaccine. 2,206 children and 62 nurses from Family Health Basic Unities participated in the study. A questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used. Children's health targed acctions, the dispersion of the registered children in this unities and the number of live births; the oscillations of the percentage of vaccination, now closer or distant of the goal. The resistance of parent's vaccination, lack of inputs and ACS in some UBSF were the main barrier faced to achieve the goal. The rate of infant mortality was below 20, confirming the impact of immunization coverage.

  11. Evaluation of Cases of Abdominal Wall Endometriosis at Universidade Estadual de Campinas in a period of 10 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yela, Daniela Angerame; Trigo, Lucas; Benetti-Pinto, Cristina Laguna

    2017-08-01

    Purpose To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE), as well as the rate and recurrence factors for the disease. Methods A retrospective study of 52 women with AWE was performed at Universidade Estadual de Campinas from 2004 to 2014. Of the 231 surgeries performed for the diagnosis of endometriosis, 52 women were found to have abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE). The frequencies, means and standard deviations of the clinical characteristics of these women were calculated, as well as the recurrence rate of AWE. To determine the risk factors for disease recurrence, Fisher's exact test was used. Results The mean age of the patients was 30.71 ± 5.91 years. The main clinical manifestations were pain (98%) and sensation of a mass (36.5%). We observed that 94% of these women had undergone at least 1 cesarean section, and 73% had used medication for the postoperative control of endometriosis. The lesion was most commonly located in the cesarean section scar (65%). The recurrence rate of the disease was of 26.9%. All 14 women who had relapsed had surgical margins compromised in the previous surgery. There was no correlation between recurrent AWE and a previous cesarean section (p = 0.18), previous laparotomy (p = 0.11), previous laparoscopy (p = 0.12) and postoperative hormone therapy (p = 0.51). Conclusion Women with previous cesarean sections with local pain or lumps should be investigated for AWE. The recurrence of AWE is high, especially when the first surgery is not appropriate and leaves compromised surgical margins. Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

  12. Epidemiology of bacterial meningitis among children in Brazil, 1997-1998 Epidemiologia de meningites bacterianas entre crianças no Brasil, 1997 a 1998

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    Débora PL Weiss

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To document the incidence and the descriptive epidemiology of bacterial meningitis among individuals under age 20 in a geographically defined region in Brazil during the two-year period immediately preceding the introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib vaccines into the national immunization program of Brazil. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all cases of bacterial meningitis reported among residents of Campinas, Brazil, under age 20 (n=316,570 during the period of 1997-98, using comprehensive surveillance records compiled by the Campinas Health Department from cases reported among hospital inpatients, outpatients, emergency room visits, death certificates, and autopsy reports. RESULTS: The incidence of bacterial meningitis (n=274 was 334.9, 115 and 43.5 cases/10(5 person-years (pys for residents of Campinas under age 1, 5 and 20, respectively. All cases were hospitalized, with an average length of stay of 12 days. Documented prior antibiotic use was 4.0%. The case-fatality rate of bacterial meningitis in individuals under age 20 was 9% (24/274 with 75% of deaths occurring in children under the age of five. The incidence of Hib meningitis (n=26 was 62.8 and 17 cases/10(5 pys in children age OBJETIVO: Documentar a incidência e a epidemiologia descritiva de meningites bacterianas entre pessoas com idade inferior a 20 anos em uma região geográfica definida do Brasil. O período foi de dois anos, imediatamente anterior à introdução da vacina contra Haemophilus influenzae tipo b (Hib, no Programa Nacional de Imunização do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico populacional dos casos de meningites bacterianas notificados entre residentes em Campinas, SP, Brasil, com idade inferior a 20 anos (n=316.570, entre 1997 e 1998. Baseia-se em dados de notificação da vigilância epidemiológica da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Campinas, relatados entre casos provenientes de pacientes hospitalizados

  13. Trypanosoma janseni n. sp. (Trypanosomatida: Trypanosomatidae isolated from Didelphis aurita (Mammalia: Didelphidae in the Atlantic Rainforest of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: integrative taxonomy and phylogeography within the Trypanosoma cruzi clade

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    Camila Madeira Tavares Lopes

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Didelphis spp. are a South American marsupial species that are among the most ancient hosts for the Trypanosoma spp. OBJECTIVES We characterise a new species (Trypanosoma janseni n. sp. isolated from the spleen and liver tissues of Didelphis aurita in the Atlantic Rainforest of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. METHODS The parasites were isolated and a growth curve was performed in NNN and Schneider's media containing 10% foetal bovine serum. Parasite morphology was evaluated via light microscopy on Giemsa-stained culture smears, as well as scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Molecular taxonomy was based on a partial region (737-bp of the small subunit (18S ribosomal RNA gene and 708 bp of the nuclear marker, glycosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gGAPDH genes. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference methods were used to perform a species coalescent analysis and to generate individual and concatenated gene trees. Divergence times among species that belong to the T. cruzi clade were also inferred. FINDINGS In vitro growth curves demonstrated a very short log phase, achieving a maximum growth rate at day 3 followed by a sharp decline. Only epimastigote forms were observed under light and scanning microscopy. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed structures typical to Trypanosoma spp., except one structure that presented as single-membraned, usually grouped in stacks of three or four. Phylogeography analyses confirmed the distinct species status of T. janseni n. sp. within the T. cruzi clade. Trypanosoma janseni n. sp. clusters with T. wauwau in a well-supported clade, which is exclusive and monophyletic. The separation of the South American T. wauwau + T. janseni coincides with the separation of the Southern Super Continent. CONCLUSIONS This clade is a sister group of the trypanosomes found in Australian marsupials and its discovery sheds light on the initial diversification process based on what we currently

  14. The draft genome sequence of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain CCBH4851, a nosocomial isolate belonging to clone SP (ST277 that is prevalent in Brazil

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    Melise Silveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The high occurrence of nosocomial multidrug-resistant (MDR microorganisms is considered a global health problem. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain isolated in Brazil that belongs to the endemic clone ST277. The genome encodes important resistance determinant genes and consists of 6.7 Mb with a G+C content of 66.86% and 6,347 predicted coding regions including 60 RNAs.

  15. Utilization of bromeliad Tillandsia Usneoides L. in biomonitoring of air pollution in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo - SP, Brazil; Utilizacao da bromelia Tillandsia Usneoides L. no biomonitoramento da poluicao atmosferica na Regiao metropolitana de Sao Paulo - SP, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albuquerque, Caroline R.; Figueiredo, Ana M.G.; Silva, Barbara C. da; Ticianelli, Regina B., E-mail: calbuuquerque@gmail.com, E-mail: anamaria@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Figueira, Rubens C.L., E-mail: aportellar@yahoo.com.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto Oceanografico; Nievola, Catarina C.; Alves, Edenise S.; Domingos, Marisa, E-mail: ccnievola@uol.com.br, E-mail: ealves@ibot.sp.gov.br, E-mail: mmingos@superig.com.br [Instituto de Botanica (IBt-SMA/SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Ribeiro, Andreza P., E-mail: andrezp@uninove.br [Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    In this study, it was determined the metals Cd, Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb and Sb in plant Tillandsia Usneoides L., an epiphyte species popularly known as old beard and able to absorb water and nutrients directly from air, aiming to estimate the contribution of human activities in atmospheric metal pollution in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. The samples were collected at five different points, located near the South West and stretches of highway Mario Covas (SP-21). The Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) and Optical Emission Spectrometry with Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-OES) were the analytical techniques used in the quantification of metals of interest.

  16. Avaliação da rede de centros de atenção psicossocial: entre a saúde coletiva e a saúde mental Evaluación de la red de atención psicosocial en la perspectiva de la salud colectiva, Campinas, Sureste de Brasil Evaluation of the network of psychosocial care centers: between collective and mental health

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    Rosana Teresa Onocko Campos

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os modelos assistenciais, de gestão e de formação de trabalhadores de uma rede centros de atenção psicossocial (CAPS. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa avaliativa qualitativa, sustentada pela hermenêutica gadameriana, realizada na cidade de Campinas (SP, em 2006-2007. Os dados foram coletados por meio de 20 grupos focais, em CAPS III, realizados com diferentes grupos de interesse (trabalhadores, gestores municipais, usuários, familiares e gestores locais. Após a transcrição do material gravado de cada grupo, foram construídas narrativas, seguindo o referencial teórico de Ricoeur. Na segunda etapa de grupos focais essas narrativas foram apresentadas aos participantes para contestá-las, corrigi-las e validá-las. Os resultados preliminares foram discutidos em oficinas para elaboração de um guia de boas práticas em CAPS III. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados pontos fortes e fragilidades no que concerne à atenção à crise, articulação com a rede básica, formulação de projetos terapêuticos, gestão e organização em equipes de referência, formação educacional e sofrimento psíquico. CONCLUSÕES: A rede de centros de atenção psicossocial em Campinas destaca-se pela sua originalidade na implantação de seis CAPS III , e pela sua eficácia na continência com usuários e familiares no momento da crise e na reabilitação. A organização por técnico e/ou equipe de referência prevalece, assim como a construção de projetos terapêuticos. A redução das equipes noturnas desponta como principal problema e fonte de estresse para os trabalhadores. A formação dos profissionais se mostrou insuficiente para os desafios enfrentados por esses serviços.OBJETIVO: Evaluar los modelos asistenciales, de gestión y de formación de trabajadores de una red de centros de atención psicosocial (CAPS. MÉTODOS: Investigación evaluativa cualitativa, sustentada por la hermenéutica gadameriana, realizada en la ciudad de Campinas

  17. Ensino e divulgação de astronomia no Planetário de Campinas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, R. P.

    2003-08-01

    Projeto desenvolvido em 1981 por professores da Unicamp, sob a coordenação do Prof. Dr. Carlos Alfredo Argüello propunha a instalação de um Planetário em Campinas. Convênio firmado em 1982 entre a Unicamp, a Prefeitura de Campinas, a Funcamp e a Academia de Ciências do Estado de São Paulo, possibilitou a aquisição de um planetário Zeiss ZKP2, através do MEC, e em 28 de outubro de 1987 foi inaugurado o Planetário de Campinas. Desde então várias atividades de ensino e divulgação da Astronomia foram desenvolvidas regularmente. A verificação dos registros das atividades realizadas mostra um alto índice de atendimento, considerada a capacidade das instalações (sala de projeção para 60 pessoas, auditório com 45 poltronas e hall de exposições). As atividades dirigidas ao público, estudantes e professores, atenderam cerca de 400.000 participantes nos quase 16 anos de sua existência. Além de sessões públicas e escolares, com duração de 1 hora, são oferecidas às escolas vários outros tipos de atividades, com duração de 2,5 horas. Abordam diversos temas e são dirigidas a diferentes níveis de escolaridade. Cursos para o público e para professores, palestras, exposições e eventos especiais completam o quadro de atividades regulares. Mesmo enfrentando quase sempre dificuldades financeiras e administrativas verifica-se que o Planetário de Campinas realizou um trabalho quantitativamente e qualitativamente satisfatório, prestando bom serviços à comunidade de Campinas e de outras cidades de São Paulo e outros Estados. Isso é também atestado pela grande procura de reservas para suas atividades.

  18. Population biology of Trichomycterus sp. (Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae in Passa Cinco stream, Corumbataí River sub-basin, São Paulo State, southeastern Brazil

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    GR. Rondineli

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to characterise the population of Trichomycterus sp. in Passa Cinco stream, regarding length structure, sex ratio, diet and reproductive aspects, in accordance with drought and rainy season periods and longitudinal gradient, as well as to analyse its corporal condition in a temporal dimension. Six samplings were accomplished with the use of electric fishing equipment in three different sites in Passa Cinco stream, contemplating sites of order two, three and four, during the months of May, July, September and November of 2005; and January and March of 2006. Three hundred and forty one individuals were captured, composed of 203 males, 99 females and 39 immatures. The smallest captured individual, an immature, presented 28 mm of standard length and the largest, a male, 85 mm. There was not significant variation in repletion degree and accumulated fat in the visceral cavity of the individuals analysed during the considered periods. Eleven different food items were found in the stomach contents. Considering the whole sampling period, immature Diptera was a preferential item and other items were found as occasionally ingested. Spearman and Friedman tests did not find significant differences in the diet of Trichomycterus sp. in the periods and sampling sites, respectively. The average of absolute fecundity was of 73 oocytes, and the parceled type of spawning was performed. Both males and females of Trichomycterus sp. presented significant differences in their corporal conditions in the considered periods, and in the rainy season, these fishes were in better condition.

  19. Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. (Copepoda, Kroyeriidaea gill parasite of the shark, Galeorhinus vitaminicus de Buen, in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. (Copepoda, Kroyeriidae um parasito de guelras do tubarão, Galeorhinus vitaminicus de Buen, no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vernon E. Thatcher

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. from the shark, Galeorhinus vitaminicus de Buen, 1950, from Rio Grande do Sul, State, Brazil, is described on the basis of 14 adult females. The new species is superficially similar to Kroyeria deetsi Dippenaar, Benz & Olivier, 2000, but differs from it in the following characters. The maxillipeds of the new species are large and project well beyond the lateral margins of the cephalothorax. Those of K. deetsi are much smaller. The third endopodal segments of K. deetsi are twice as long as the second endopodal segments and are provided with prominent marginal denticles. The second and third endopodal segments of the new species are rounded, of similar length and lack teeth.Kroyeria brasiliense sp. nov. proveniente de guelras de G. vitaminicus de Buen, 1950 do Rio Grande do Sul, é descrita baseada em 14 fêmeas adultas. A nova espécie aproxima-se de Kroyeria deetsi Dippenaar, Benz & Oliver, 2000, mas a nova espécie se distingue por apresentar os maxilípedes grandes e estendendo-se bem além das margens do cefalotorax. Os terceiros segmentos dos endopoditos de K. deetsi são duas vezes mais cumpridos que os segundos e têm dentículos marginais proeminentes. Os segundos e terceiros segmentos dos endopoditos da nova espécie são arredondados, de tamanhos parecidos e carecem de dentículos.

  20. Geochemical behavior of radionuclides and heavy metals in soils from Corumbatai River basin (SP), Brazil; Comportamento geoquimico de radionuclideos e metais pesados em solos da bacia do Rio Corumbatai (SP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conceicao, Fabiano Tomazini da

    2004-07-01

    The purpose of this research was to study the geochemical behavior of radionuclides and heavy metals in soils of agricultural use at Corumbatai River basin (SP). The natural concentration and variability in sedimentary rocks at Corumbatai river basin follow the trend Ca > Mg > K > Na, with the concentration of heavy metals and radionuclides. The distribution of exposure rate in soils shows the occurrence of higher values towards south of the Corumbatai river basin, region where are applied phosphate fertilizers, amendments and 'vinhaca' in sugar cane crops. Heavy metals and radionuclides incorporated in phosphate fertilizers and amendments are annually added during the fertilization process in the sugar cane crops, but if they are utilized in accordance with the recommended rate, they do not rise the concentration levels in soils up to hazards levels. Thus, they are lower transferred from soils to sugar cane at Corumbatai river basin, not offering hazard to the ecosystem and animal or human health. (author)

  1. Campinas metropolitan region: solid waste management for regional sustainable development; Regiao metropolitana de Campinas: gestao de residuo solido para o desenvolvimento regional sustentavel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagle, Elizabeth Camargo; Teixeira, Egle Novaes; Craveiros, Stephanie Grant; London, Pedro; Ferreira, Ronan Goncalves [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Streb, Cleci Schalemberger [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Mecanica

    2004-07-01

    Each person generates a lot of residues in their daily activities. The life cycle of residues, production, collection, transportation, treatment and/or end use have negatively impacted the environment. The society has unobserved the limits for the environment and is living with an undesirable pollution level, regarding the capacity of absorbing and recycling residues and materials. Due to these, there is a necessity of rethink the actual model of development adopted by the society. Regarding the global sustainability, the residue management needs to be planned in order to assure the surviving of future generation with life quality. By a theoretic analysis, this article objective is to evaluate the residue management of Campinas Metropolitan Region interference at the regional sustainable development. (author)

  2. Survey on quality control of radiopharmaceutical dose calibrators in nuclear medicine units in the city of São Paulo, SP, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Bessa, Ana Carolina Moreira de; Costa, Alessandro Martins da; Caldas, Linda V. E.

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Realizar levantamento sobre quais testes de controle de qualidade são realizados nos calibradores de dose dos serviços de medicina nuclear da cidade de São Paulo, SP. Estudar a exatidão das medições de atividade de sete calibradores de dose no Laboratório de Calibração de Instrumentos do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, usando fontes de radionuclídeos importantes clinicamente. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: O levantamento sobre o controle de qualidade foi realizado a partir de ...

  3. Difteria: situação imunitária de uma população infantil urbana de São Paulo, SP, Brasil Diphtheria: immunity in an infant population in the city of S. Paulo, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideyo Iizuka

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available A verificação do teor de anticorpos antidiftéricos provenientes de 130 crianças de 7 a 10 anos de idade, do município de São Paulo, Brasil, revelou 31, 14 e 5% de indivíduos susceptíveis nas idades de 7, 8 e 9 anos, respectivamente. Todas as crianças de 10 anos de idade apresentaram proteção contra a difteria, revelando teor de antitoxina circulante em níveis superiores a 0,01 UI/ml. O teor médio de antitoxina diftérica encontrada variou de 0,0385 a 0,1315 UI/ml de soro, na população examinada.An ascertainment of the level diphtheria antibodies in 130 children, 7 to 10 years old, in the city of S. Paulo (Brazil, revealed susceptibility in 31% of the 7-year-olds, 14% in the eight-year-olds, and 5% in the nine-year-olds. All ten-year-olds had protective circulating antitoxin at levels superior to 0.01 IU/ml. Analysis of the results thus showed that susceptibility varies inversely to age. In the population examined, the mean diphtheric antitoxin content oscillated between 0.0385 and 0.1315 IU/ml of serum.

  4. Characterization of the wind behavior in Botucatu-SP region (Brazil) by Weibull distributing; Caracterizacao do comportamento eolico da regiao de Botucatu-SP atraves da distribuicao de Weibull

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gabriel Filho, Luis Roberto Almeida [Universidade Estadual Paulista (CE/UNESP), Tupa, SP (Brazil). Coordenacao de Estagio; Cremasco, Camila Pires [Faculdade de Tecnologia de Presidente Prudente, SP (Brazil); Seraphim, Odivaldo Jose [Universidade Estadual Paulista (FCA/UNESP), Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Ciencias Agronomicas; Cagnon, Jose Angelo [Universidade Estadual Paulista (FEB/UNESP), Bauru, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia

    2008-07-01

    The wind behavior of a region can be described by frequency distribution that provide information and characteristics needed for a possible deployment of wind energy harvesting in the region. These characteristics, such as the annual average speed, the variance and shunting line standard of the registered speeds and the density of aeolian power average hourly, can be gotten by the frequency of occurrence of determined speed, that in turn must be studied through analytical expressions. The more adjusted analytical function for aeolian distributions is the function of density of Weibull, that can be determined by numerical methods and linear regressions. Once you have determined this function, all wind characteristics mentioned above may be determined accurately. The objective of this work is to characterize the aeolian behavior in the region of Botucatu-SP and to determine the energy potential for implementation of aeolian turbines. For the development of the present research, was used an Monitorial Young Wind anemometer of Campbell company installed a 10 meters of height. The experiment was developed in the Nucleus of Alternative Energies and Renewed - NEAR of the Laboratory of Agricultural Energize of the Department of Agricultural Engineering of the UNESP, Agronomy Sciences Faculty, Lageado Experimental Farm, located in the city of Botucatu - SP. The geographic localization is defined by the coordinates 22 deg 51' South latitude (S) and 48 deg 26' Longitude West (W) and average altitude of 786 meters above sea level. The analysis was carried through using registers of speed of the wind during the period of September of 2004 the September of 2005. After determined the distribution of frequencies of the hourly average speed of the wind, it was determined function of associated Weibull, thus making possible the determination of the annual average speed of the wind (2,77 m/s), of the shunting line standard of the registered speeds (0,55 m/s), of the

  5. Cartography of neoplasms in dogs from different regions of the city of São Paulo, SP, Brazil: a survey (2002-2003 of data from the Veterinary Hospital of the School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science of the University of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Kátia Cristina Kimura

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Improvements in veterinary medicine have resulted in a significant benefit in the life of pets in the last 20 years, and increased pet life expectancy led to an increased prevalence of canine neoplasia. Cancer epidemiology and spatial analysis tools, although well developed for human oncology research, is just beginning to be explored in veterinary oncology. São Paulo city, capital of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, is divided into five regions: North, South, East, West and downtown. The Veterinary Hospital of the School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo (HOVET-SVMAS-USP, is located in the West region of São Paulo, Brazil, and admits cases of small and large animals. Canine mammary tumors are so numerous that they are not routinely treated at the HOVET. The aim of this work was to perform a cartographic study to describe the spatial distribution of prevalent cases of neoplasms in dogs from the HOVET. Of the 3,620 cases seen in 2002 and 2003, 380 cases (10.5% were of dogs affected with benign and malignant neoplasms. No statistical difference was found for the 380 addresses distributed among the five regions of the city. These results showed that the HOVET receives canine patients from all regions of São Paulo and there is a homogeneous spatial distribution of neoplasms. Authors encourage additional broader studies, involving several veterinary hospitals, clinics or laboratories in order to obtain more accurate data on distribution of canine neoplasms in São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

  6. Galls and gall makers in plants from the Pé-de-Gigante Cerrado Reserve, Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, SP, Brazil

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    M. V. Urso-Guimarães

    Full Text Available Thirty-six morphologically different types of galls were obtained in leaves, leaflets, veins, petioles, stems, tendrils and flower buds from twenty-five species of plants in the Pé-de-Gigante Reserve, municipality of Santa Rita do Passa Quatro, state of São Paulo, Brazil. The host plant species belong to the closely related families Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Asteraceae, Bignoniaceae, Caryocaraceae, Erythroxylaceae, Fabaceae, Malpighiaceae, Melastomataceae, Myrtaceae, Ochnaceae, Polygalaceae, Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, and Smilacaceae. The most common gall makers included Cecidomyiidae (Diptera, Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera and Diaspididae (Sternorrhyncha-Hemiptera. This is the first report of galls found in the following plant genera: Gochnatia (Asteraceae, Distictela (Bignoniaceae, Banisteriopsis (Malpighiaceae, Ouratea (Ochnaceae, and Bredemeyera (Polygalaceae. The results of this work contribute to the body of knowledge about the relationship among host plants, gall makers, and the gall morphology of Pé-de-Gigante Cerrado Reserve.

  7. Natural radioactive distribution of the Irati formation at Limeira city, Sao Paulo State, Brazil; Distribuicao de radioatividade natural na formacao Irati na regiao de Limeira, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlos, Dionisio Uendro; Ribeiro, Fernando Brenha [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. Astronomico e Geofisico; Saad, Antonio Roberto [UNESP, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias e Ciencias Exatas]|[Universidade de Guarulhos, SP (Brazil)

    2002-07-01

    Specific activities of {sup 238} U, {sup 226} Ra, {sup 228} Ra and {sup 228} Th and uranium, thorium and potassium concentrations were measured in permian limestone samples from a mine exposition of the Irati Formation, Parana Basin, in the city of Limeira, Brazil. In general, these samples present low radioactive element concentrations, in the range of 0.87 {mu}g/g to 3.3 {mu}g/g for uranium, 0.34 {mu}g/g to 1.7 {mu}g/g for thorium and 0.013% to 0.24% for potassium, although a distinct uranium ({approx}13 {mu}g/g ) enrichment can be observed in one limestone layer at the base of the exposition. The origin of this uranium enrichment could not be determined. Uranium series radioactive disequilibrium was observed in most of the analyzed samples, whereas the {sup 232} Th series is in secular radioactive equilibrium in the samples. (author)

  8. Risk estimation to human health caused by the mercury content of Sushi and Sashimi sold in Japanese restaurants in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Jeanne Clécia; Lima de Paiva, Esther; Milani, Raquel Fernanda; Bearzoti, Eduardo; Morgano, Marcelo Antonio; Diego Quintaes, Késia

    2017-06-03

    Although fish is a healthy alternative for meat, it can be a vehicle for mercury (Hg), including in its most toxic organic form, methylmercury (MeHg). The objective of the present study was to estimate the risk to human health caused by the consumption of sushi and sashimi as commercialized by Japanese food restaurants in the city of Campinas (SP, Brazil). The total Hg content was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry with thermal decomposition and amalgamation, and the MeHg content calculated considering that 90% of the total Hg is in the organic form. The health risk was estimated from the values for the provisional tolerable weekly ingestion (PTWI) by both adults and children. The mean concentrations for total Hg were: 147.99, 6.13, and 3.42 µg kg-1 in the tuna, kani, and salmon sushi samples, respectively, and 589.09, 85.09, and 11.38 µg kg-1 in the tuna, octopus and salmon sashimi samples, respectively. The tuna samples showed the highest Hg concentrations. One portion of tuna sashimi exceeded the PTWI value for MeHg established for children and adults. The estimate of risk for human health indicated that the level of toxicity depended on the type of fish and size of the portion consumed.

  9. Myzomolgus sipunculensis sp. nov. (Cyclopoida, Catiniidae, a new copepod associated with sipunculan worms from Brazil Myzomolgus sipunculensis sp. nov. (Cyclopoida, Catiniidae, um novo copépode associado a sipuncúlidos do Brasil

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    Terue C. Kihara

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Catiniid copepods are characterized by the presence of a pedunculate sucker on the antenna. Four genera are currently included in the family Catiniidae: Catinia, Cotylemyzon, Cotylomolgus and Myzomolgus, the most speciose. Within the framework of the Special Research Program "Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Biodiversity of the State of São Paulo - Biota/FAPESP", a new species of Myzomolgus was found as an external associate of Sipunculus nudus and S. phalloides phalloides. The sipunculan worms were collected during the low tide in Araçá Beach, State of São Paulo, Brazil (23º49’02"S, 45º24’19"W. The new species differs from its three congeners, namely M. stupendus from France and M. tenuis and M. orientalis from Korea, by the peculiar ornamentation of the third antennal segment, morphology of mandible and leg 6 and presence of denticulate area between maxillipeds. The description of this new species raises to four the number of catiniid species (one of Catinia and two of Myzomolgus associated with the widely distributed S. nudus. In Brazil, this is the first record of Myzomolgus and the second species associated with sipunculan worms (a new species of Catinia found on S. phalloides phalloides is under description.Os copépodes catiniídeos se caracterizam pela presença de uma ventosa pedunculada na antena. Atualmente, quatro gêneros estão incluídos na família Catiniidae: Catinia, Cotylemyzon, Cotylemolgus e Myzomolgus, o mais especioso. Como parte de um programa especial de pesquisa "Conservação e Uso Sustentável da Biodiversidade do Estado de São Paulo - Biota/FAPESP", uma nova espécie de Myzomolgus foi encontrada associada à superfície externa de Sipunculus nudus e S. phalloides phalloides. Os sipuncúlidos foram coletados na Praia do Araçá, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil (23º49’02"S, 45º24’19"W, durante a maré baixa. A nova espécie difere de M. stupendus, da França, e M. tenuis e M. orientalis, ambos da

  10. Spatial and temporal analysis of the land cover in riparian buffer zones (Areas for Permanent Preservation in Sorocaba City, SP, Brazil

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    Sergio Henrique Alves

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Considering the fundamental role that the riparian vegetation plays in relation to maintenance of the environmental health of a watershed and the necessity of restoring sectors of the buffer zone without natural vegetation, in this paper we investigated what land cover classes occur along the riparian buffer stripes considered Area for Permanent Preservation (APP in the Sorocaba municipality, SP in three periods: 1988, 1995 and 2003. Based on GIS technology and using the drainage network map, the APP stripes (riparian buffer zones map was generated, and this map was overlaid to the land cover map (1988, 1995 and 2003 to provide a land cover map specifically of the riparian buffer zones. The results show that 58.43% of the APPs have no land cover of native vegetation and therefore, need to be reforested, representing 5,400 hectares to be restored.

  11. Study of human occupation impacts in the Batedor river basin in the Mantiqueira Mountain in the municipal district of Cruzeiro, SP, Brazil

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    Marcelo dos Santos Targa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The study of hydrographic basins as territorial units integrating the management of hydric resources is essential to guarantee sustainable use of natural resources in these basins. The establishment of the Paraíba do Sul hydrographic basins committee, in 1994, determined the need for management planning and action integration in the Paraíba do Sul basin which incorporates a variety of industries and intense land use. The Batedor river, in the municipality of Cruzeiro, SP, flows into the Passa Vinte which is an affluent of Paraíba do Sul river. Its mouth is located at 22°31’0.63”S and 45°01’2.07”W. Its farthest water contributing source lies about 8.5 km, near the Itaguaré peak 2,308 m high, in the Mantiqueira Mountain on the border of São Paulo and Minas Gerais States. To characterize land use in the Batedor hydrographic basin, Landsat imagery and topographic charts were analyzed based on remote sensing and geoprocessing techniques. This paper describes the study of impacts related to land and water resources use in the Batedor river basin and the generation of educational environmental material. Results have shown that this basin has good water supply, has no flooding risk and has several springs running down the Mantiqueira Moutain slopes that form young creeks with few meanders. Irregular human occupation for housing and subsistence agriculture, mainly banana plantations can be seen in deep slopes and riparian areas, as well as degraded pastures that indicate inappropriate land use and no conformance to pertinent legislation. The decrease in forest vegetation cover can cause severe erosion with significant soil loss and sediment deposition in the river, thus reducing water quality and quantity during the dry season. This basin is currently responsible for 70% of the Cruzeiro, SP water supply.

  12. Enteroparasitoses em manipuladores de alimentos do município de Ribeirão Preto - SP, Brasil, 2000 Enteroparasitosis in food handlers in the city of Ribeirão Preto - SP, Brazil, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divani Maria Capuano

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A segurança alimentar vêm adquirindo mundialmente uma importância crescente. As doenças transmitidas por alimentos (DTAS têm impactos na saúde pública e socioeconômicos, acarretando custos hospitalares em tratamentos e internações. As pessoas envolvidas na produção de alimentos podem ser portadoras de enteroparasitos e vir a contaminar os alimentos, provocando surtos de origem alimentar. OBJETIVOS: Investigar a presença de enteroparasitoses em manipuladores de alimentos do município de Ribeirão Preto, SP, propondo medidas que assegurem a qualidade sanitária dos alimentos. MÉTODOS: Entre julho a dezembro de 2000, 429 manipuladores de alimentos (248 mulheres e 181 homens, com idades entre 16 e 77 anos, foram submetidos ao exame coproparasitológico por ocasião da obtenção ou renovação da carteira de saúde. As amostras de fezes foram examinadas pelos métodos de Kato e da sedimentação espontânea. A pesquisa de oocistos de Cryptosporidium spp foi realizada em 7,0% das amostras de fezes diarréicas através da técnica de concentração pelo formol-éter. RESULTADOS: Foram encontradas enteroparasitoses em 33,1% dos manipuladores, incluindo 20,0% de casos de poliparasitismo. Prevalências mais altas de infecções ocorreram entre os indivíduos envolvidos com atividades de manipulação direta dos alimentos (68%. CONCLUSÕES: Considerando os resultados obtidos, são necessários a educação sanitária e o treinamento dos manipuladores bem como a implementação da metodologia da Análise dos Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle (APPCC em todas as etapas da cadeia de produção dos alimentos, para garantir produtos alimentícios seguros aos consumidores.INTRODUCTION: Food safety has become increasingly importance worldwide. Food borne diseases have impacts on public health and socioeconomic factors, accounting for hospital costs in treatments and hospitalizations. People involved in food production can be

  13. [The sustainability of day-to-day life: a study of the social networks of users of mental healthcare service in the municipality of Santo André (SP, Brazil)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muramoto, Melissa Tieko; Mângia, Elisabete Ferreira

    2011-04-01

    Studies into social networks show that relationships have a significant impact on people's lives. When associated with the population suffering from mental disorders, they serve as an important protection factor and a manager of resources and social support. However, studies show that people with mental disorders have impoverished social networks and few significant relationships. In this perspective, this research sought to characterize the social networks of users of NAPS II in Santo André (SP, Brazil). Conducted in 2006, the qualitative research adopted an ethnographic approach and used interviews by topics, participant observation and field notes. The results revealed that the group studied had an impoverished social network; the life histories of the subjects is related to this impoverishment, since the disruptions caused by situations of crisis or institutionalization removed them from the network of relationships, placing them in a situation of social vulnerability. An attempt was made to address the importance of intervention in the relationships and the role of the services in this process.

  14. Inibidores bacterianos no leite tipo ''B" comercializado no município de São Paulo, SP (Brasil Bacterial inhibitors in B-type milk sold in the city S. Paulo (Brazil

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    Jorge Luiz Seferin Martins

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available No leite tipo "B", comercializado no município de São Paulo, SP (Brasil, foram pesquisadas a presença de inibidores bacterianos (penicilina, água oxigenada, formol e cloro. As amostras de leite utilizadas foram provenientes das quatro marcas de maior consumo pela população, coletadas no período de 14 de julho de 1982 a 20 de março de 1983. Foi constatada alta prevalência de inibidores bacterianos (4,70%. A incidência de resíduos de penicilina e de inibidores não identificados foi de 0,7% e de 3,40%, respectivamente. Houve uma baixa proporção de amostras com água oxigenada e formol e ausência de cloro.B-type milk sold in the city of S. Paulo, Brazil, was examined for bacterial inhibitors, such as penicilin, hydrogen peroxide, formaldehyde and chlorine. Samples were taken from the four brands of greatest consumption in the period from June 14th, 1982 throught March 20th, 1933. The prevalence of bacterial inhibitors was high (4.70%. The incidence of penicillin residues and unidentified inhibitors was 0.7% and 3.40% respectively. The proportion of samples containing hydrogen peroxide and formadehyde was low and chloride was absent from all.

  15. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from Guarapiranga reservoir, Alto Tiete Basin, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais e elementos traco em amostras de sedimento do reservatorio Guarapiranga, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guimaraes, Guilherme Moura

    2011-07-01

    The Guarapiranga Reservoir, located in Sao Paulo metropolitan region, Brazil, is responsible for supplying about 20% of the entire population's water needs of this region or approximately 3.7 million people. However, this system has shown significant degradation in water quality, due to untreated domestic sewage and industrial effluents. In this study sediment samples were collected at five points along the reservoir and total concentration of some major (Fe, K and Na), trace (As, Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Hf, Hg, Rb, Sb, Sc, Ta, Tb, Th, U, V and Zn) and rare earth (Ce, Eu, La, Lu, Nd, Sm, Tb and Yb) elements were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). By inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) the concentrations of Al, Ba, Be, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Ti, V e Zn were determined after digestion procedure following US EPA 3051 methodology. The concentrations of metals Cd and Pb were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) and total Hg by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference materials analyses for the three different analytical techniques used. Multielemental results obtained by INAA were compared to NASC (North American Shale Composite), Upper Continental Crust (UCC) and soil from Guarapiranga park values. The Enrichment Factor (EF) and Geo accumulation Index (Igeo) were also evaluated for these data. Metal concentration results by ICP OES and AAS in the samples were compared to the TEL and PEL oriented values established by the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment and also adopted by CETESB (Environmental Protection Agency of the Sao Paulo State). The results were also compared to regional reference values (VRR) of limnic sediments from the Alto Tiete Basin. From these data an assessment of metal and trace element accumulated in the sediments from the

  16. ERASURES AND AFFECTIONS: photographies and Geography lessons in the outskirts of Campinas city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexsandro Sgobin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses practical lesson in schools on the outskirts of Campinas, with intensive use of digital photographs that are transformed into computer (suffer "erasure". The intent of these images is to provoke thought in search of new ways of looking at the geographical space where these young students living: slums of the city. From the "mental maps" that they already have (maps constructed from the daily experiences in these neighborhoods, we seek a "dating" between these mental maps and “common geography”, resulting perhaps in more unusual geographies. RESUMO: Este texto trata de práticas de aula de Geografia em escolas da periferia de Campinas, com o uso intensivo de fotografias digitais que foram “rasuradas” em computador a partir de programas de edição de imagens. A intenção destas imagens “rasuradas” é de provocar o pensamento, em busca de novas formas de mirar o espaço geográfico, onde os jovens alunos participantes das experiências vivem: bairros pobres da cidade. A partir dos “mapas mentais” que eles já possuem, mapas construídos a partir das vivências cotidianas nestes bairros, buscamos um namoro entre estes mapas mentais e a geografia “formal”, resultando, talvez, em geografias mais inusitadas.

  17. Cidade-laboratório: Campinas e a febre amarela na aurora republicana

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    Valter Martins

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available No final do século XIX ocorreram epidemias de febre amarela em Campinas. Considerada doença litorânea, a febre assustou leigos e médicos. O debate científico sobre a etiologia da doença deixou revistas e correspondências médicas para orientar ações políticas e sanitárias. Visando combater a enfermidade, a cidade ganhou contornos de laboratório e vivenciou sua "era do saneamento e das demolições", com vitórias sobre o achaque e transtornos à população. A Comissão Sanitária Estadual comandada por Emílio Ribas, ciente da teoria culicidiana de Finlay, ensaiou em Campinas o que ocorreria no Rio de Janeiro de Oswaldo Cruz e Pereira Passos. A novidade do combate aos mosquitos conviveu com antigas práticas caras à teoria miasmática, como as desinfecções.

  18. Chytridiales (Chytridiomycota do Parque Estadual da Serra da Cantareira, SP, Brasil Chytridiales (Chytridiomycota from Serra da Cantareira State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil

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    Cristiane de Almeida Nascimento

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Para o estudo da diversidade de Chytridiales, coletas mensais de água e solo foram realizadas, de junho/2005 a junho/2006, no Parque Estadual da Serra da Cantareira, Estado de São Paulo. O isolamento destes fungos foi realizado por meio do método de iscagem múltipla de amostras de água e solo, em laboratório, com substratos celulósicos, quitinosos e queratinosos. Dezenove espécies foram identificadas, sendo quatro novas ocorrências para o Brasil, Cladochytrium setigerum Karling, Diplophlyctis intestina (Schenk J. Schröt, Rhizophydium macroporosum Karling e Solutoparies pythii Whiffen ex W.H. Blackw. & Powell, e Septochytrium willoughbyi Dogma primeira citação para o Estado de São Paulo.A study of Chytridiales diversity was based on water and soil samples collected monthly from June/2005 to June/2006 in the Serra da Cantareira State Park, São Paulo State. The isolation of these fungi was carried out in the laboratory treating the water and soil samples by the multiple baiting technique with cellulosic, chitinous and keratinous substrates. Nineteen species were identified with four new citations for Brazil, Cladochytrium setigerum Karling, Diplophlyctis intestina (Schenk J. Schröt, Rhizophydium macroporosum Karling and Solutoparies pythii Whiffen ex W.H. Blackw. & Powell. Septochytrium willoughbyi Dogma is recorded for the first time in São Paulo State.

  19. Phytoplankton density and trophic state of Canha and Pariquera-Açu rivers, Ribeira de Iguape hydrographic basin, SP, Brazil (pt

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    Davi Gasparini Fernandes Cunha, Patrícia Bortoletto de Falco, Maria do Carmo Calijuri

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the lack of studies about lotic eutrophication, mainly for tropical rivers, thisresearch aimed to assess the density of phytoplanktonic community of two tropical riverslocated in Ribeira do Iguape Watershed (São Paulo state, Brazil, Canha and Pariquera-AçuRivers, based on sampling campaigns in January and April, 2007. These results werecompared to the mTSI (mean Trophic State Index values. This index was originallydeveloped for lentic aquatic systems and its calculus depends on total phosphorous,orthophosphate and chlorophyll-a concentrations in water samples. Comparing mTSI valuesin all sampling stations with the phytoplankton quantitative results, it was possible to verifythat mTSI may overestimate the trophic state of lotic ecosystems, since the phosphorusspecies that integrate its calculus contributed to an improper augmentation on mTSI, whichwere incompatible with the real associated biological response. Thus, for April sampling,although mTSI values were higher, in general, phytoplankton density were lower (minimumof 83 indmL-1 for Canha River and of 66 indmL-1 for Pariquera-Açu River. In this case, thehigh total phosphorous concentrations by themselves were not enough to promoteproportional phytoplanktonic growth, which was probably limited by other factors, like watertemperature, suspended solids concentration, river discharge and zooplanktonic predation. InJanuary, on the other hand, mTSI values were lower, but total phytoplankton density washigher. For this sampling, the lower orthophosphate concentrations in water pointedphytoplankton assimilation of this nutrient.

  20. Evaluation of mutagenic potential of contaminated atmosphere at Ibirapuera Park, Sao Paulo - SP, Brazil, using the Tradescantia stamen-hair assay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Maria Izildinha [Secretaria da Saude do Municipio de Sao Paulo, Supervisao de Saude de Vila Prudente, Praca Centenario de Vila Prudente, 108, 03132-050 Sao Paulo (Brazil)]. E-mail: maria-izildinha@uol.com.br; Domingos, Marisa [Instituto de Botanica, Caixa Postal 4005, 01061-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Gomes, Heliana de A [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear, Laboratorio de Pocos de Caldas, Rodovia Pocos de Caldas, Km. 13, 37701-970 Pocos de Caldas (Brazil); Saldiva, Paulo H.N. [Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Laboratorio de Poluicao Atmosferica Experimental, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo 455, 01246-903 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Assuncao, Joao V. de [Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Departamento de Saude Ambiental, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715, 01246-904 Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2007-01-15

    Trad-SHM assay was used to check mutagenic potential of atmospheric contamination at Ibirapuera Park, located in Sao Paulo city, Brazil, and variation of risk along the year, besides determining which Tradescantia clone, BNL 4430 or KU-20, better indicates risk. Thirty pots of both clones were exposed during one-year period (September, 2002-August, 2003). Twenty inflorescences were taken from each clone twice a month in the morning, in order to estimate the frequency of mutations in stamen hairs. Results were compared to air pollution and climatic data measured next to the exposure site. KU-20 showed stamen-hair mutations greater than BNL 4430. Greatest mutation rates in KU-20 were observed in condition of high monthly mean of NO{sub 2} and average peak concentrations of NO during the day, indicating that mutagenic effects originated from vehicular pollution. Clone KU-20 revealed to be more appropriate for biomonitoring purposes at the Park. - Clone KU-20 showed to be more appropriate than clone BNL 4430 to indicate vehicular pollution mutagenic risks in Trad-SHM assay.

  1. Economic assessment of urban watersheds: developing mechanisms for environmental protection of the Feijão river, São Carlos - SP, Brazil

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    FH Machado

    Full Text Available In order to determine the willingness of the population of São Carlos (a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil to pay for the environmental protection (WTP of the Feijão River's watershed, the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM, as well as the bidding-games technique, were used. In October 2010, 280 questionnaires were applied to a probabilistic sample of the population. A multivariate logistic regression model was built, creating five scenarios adjusted to the age and probability to pay according to the significant variables found. Concerning the WTP, 56% of the interviewees showed willingness to pay a monthly amount using the water bill as a vehicle for this. The WTP average was 1.94 US Dollar (USD, with a standard deviation of 1.91 USD. The total annual amount for the scenario that considers the whole population over 18 years old was of USD 3,930,616.80. The main argument for the negative WTP was that the interviewees could not afford it (14%.

  2. Radiation protection in radiology services in the municipality of Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil; Protecao radiologica nos servicos de radiologia do Municipio de Sao Paulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senise, Paulo H.; Silva, Ezequiel; Ruzene, Anderson A.; Braga, Adriano C.; Spirgatis, Armim, E-mail: paulo.senise@fidi.org.br, E-mail: ezequieI.siIva@fidi.org.br, E-mail: anderson.ruzene@fidi.org.br, E-mail: adriano.braga@fidi.org.br, E-mail: armim.spirgatis@fidi.org.br [Fundacao lnstituto de Pesquisa e Estudo de Diagnostico por Imagem (FIDI), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Medeiros, Regina B., E-mail: regina.bitelli@fidi.org.br [Instituto de Pesquisa e Ensino em Medicina Diagnostica e Terapeutica (IPmed), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-10-01

    The FIDI company providing service to local health care system is responsible for managing part of the services diagnostic imaging of Sao Paulo in the South and Southeast ( 60 % ), Eastern ( 20 % ) and Midwest (20 %), Brazil. The generation of images in the municipal net is performed in conventional manner. Since 2009 works a maintenance associated with the verification of the performance of radiological equipment (annual) and processing (monthly) one. In 2008, on the occasion of the agreement between the city hall and FIDI, conditions were evaluated for radiological protection in 52 care units of the municipality. Were carried out verification tests of performance in conventional equipment, mammographic and tomographic equipment, in 138 and 71 analog processors, according to current legislation. In 2008 , 33 % of the devices had technical problems that prevented its operation. Currently only 3.4 % of the 91 are in radiological equipment maintenance. In 2008 the majority of radiological equipment had more than 10 years of manufacturing, while today fixed equipment have been replaced by new ones and therefore the use of mammography and generally have 2 to 3 years of manufacture . Currently the 31 processors are operative in 2008, 28 % were out of order. The replacement of most of the equipment associated with program quality and preventive/corrective maintenance has kept the service in accordance with the law. (author)

  3. Paraorientatractis semiannulata n. g., n. sp. (Cosmocercoidea: Atractidae from the Large Intestine of the SideNecked Turtle, Podocnemis unifilis Troschel, 1848 (Testudines: Pelomedusidae in Brazil

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    Gibbons Lynda M

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Specimens collected from the large intestine of the sidenecked turtle Podocnemis unifilis Troschel, 1848 in the region of Cuminá and Trombetas rivers near Pará, Brazil are assigned to a new genus and new species of the nematode superfamily Cosmocercoidea and family Atractidae and named Paraorientatractis semiannulata. The new genus is separated from the nearest genus Orientatractis by the funnelshaped mouth opening, the presence of 4 distinct lips, 4 papillae in the internal cycle, one on each lip margin, 2 lateral amphids with large amphidial pores and absence of submedian papillae. It is also separated from Orientatractis and Proatractis by the presence of striated lateral alae which curve dorsally extending from mid oesophagus to mid tail, the difference in size of the vulvar opening and the presence of large transverse ridges or semiannules on the dorsal surface. The new species can be separated from the species of the genera Orientatractis and Proatractis by the characters that distinguish the genera and the arrangement of the caudal papillae on the male. A host/parasite list for Podocnemis spp. is included

  4. Economic assessment of urban watersheds: developing mechanisms for environmental protection of the Feijão river, São Carlos--SP, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, F H; Silva, L F; Dupas, F A; Mattedi, A P; Vergara, F E

    2014-08-01

    In order to determine the willingness of the population of São Carlos (a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil) to pay for the environmental protection (WTP) of the Feijão River's watershed, the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM), as well as the bidding-games technique, were used. In October 2010, 280 questionnaires were applied to a probabilistic sample of the population. A multivariate logistic regression model was built, creating five scenarios adjusted to the age and probability to pay according to the significant variables found. Concerning the WTP, 56% of the interviewees showed willingness to pay a monthly amount using the water bill as a vehicle for this. The WTP average was 1.94 US Dollar (USD), with a standard deviation of 1.91 USD. The total annual amount for the scenario that considers the whole population over 18 years old was of USD 3,930,616.80. The main argument for the negative WTP was that the interviewees could not afford it (14%).

  5. Evolução do uso da terra entre 1996 e 1999 no município de Botucatu-SP Evolution of the land use between 1996 and 1999 at Botucatu Municipality - SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Campos

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve o objetivo de avaliar a evolução do uso da terra no município de Botucatu - SP, no período de três anos, considerando-se seis tipos de cobertura vegetal (cana-de-açúcar, reflorestamento, floresta nativa, pastagem, cítrus e outros, tendo como base as imagens de satélite Landsat 5, bandas 3; 4 e 5, órbita 220, ponto 76, quadrante A, passagem de 8 de junho de 1999. O Sistema de Informações Geográficas - IDRISI for Windows 3.2, foi utilizado para as análises. Os resultados mostraram que esse programa foi eficiente para auxiliar na identificação e mapeamento das áreas com uso da terra, facilitando o processamento dos dados. As imagens de satélite TM/LANDSAT 5 forneceram um excelente banco de dados para a classificação supervisionada. O município não vem sendo preservado ambientalmente, pois apresenta-se coberto com menos de 20% de florestas nativas, mínimo exigido por lei. As áreas de pastagem, principal componente da paisagem do município, confirmam a vocação da região para a pecuária.This study aimed to evaluate the evolution of land use at Botucatu Municipality, during three years, considering six vegetative covers (sugar cane, reforestation, native forest, pasture, citrus orchard and others. As data source, a Landsat TM image, bands 3; 4 and 5, orbit 220, point 76, quadrant A, from June 8, 1999 was used. The Geographic Information System (GIS used to analyze the images was IDRISI for Windows 3.2, and the software was very efficient for identificating and mapping the vegetative cover. The Landsat 5 image was an excellent database for digital classification. The Municipality is not being preserved environmentally, because less than 20% of its area is covered with native forests, the minimum demanded by law. The pasture for cattle-raising is the predominant land use in the studied area.

  6. Three new species of Pauropoda (Myriapoda) from Brazil with description of a new genus in Diplopauropodidae, Adelphopauropus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheller, Ulf

    2013-01-01

    Three new species of Pauropoda are described from Brazil, Allopauropus prolongus n.sp. and Decapauropus glomeratus n.sp. in Pauropodidae, and Adelphopauropus ichtyematos n. gen., n. sp. in Diplopauropodidae.

  7. Rhizobium paranaense sp. nov., an effective N2-fixing symbiont of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with broad geographical distribution in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dall'Agnol, Rebeca Fuzinatto; Ribeiro, Renan Augusto; Delamuta, Jakeline Renata Marçon; Ormeño-Orrillo, Ernesto; Rogel, Marco Antonio; Andrade, Diva Souza; Martínez-Romero, Esperanza; Hungria, Mariangela

    2014-09-01

    Nitrogen (N), the nutrient most required for plant growth, is key for good yield of agriculturally important crops. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) can benefit from bacteria collectively called rhizobia, which are capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen (N2) in root nodules and supplying it to the plant. Common bean is amongst the most promiscuous legume hosts; several described species, in addition to putative novel ones have been reported as able to nodulate this legume, although not always effectively in terms of fixing N2. In this study, we present data indicating that Brazilian strains PRF 35(T), PRF 54, CPAO 1135 and H 52, currently classified as Rhizobium tropici, represent a novel species symbiont of common bean. Morphological, physiological and biochemical properties differentiate these strains from other species of the genus Rhizobium, as do BOX-PCR profiles (less than 60 % similarity), multilocus sequence analysis with recA, gyrB and rpoA (less than 96.4 % sequence similarity), DNA-DNA hybridization (less than 50 % DNA-DNA relatedness), and average nucleotide identity of whole genomes (less than 92.8.%). The novel species is effective in nodulating and fixing N2 with P. vulgaris, Leucaena leucocephala and Leucaena esculenta. We propose the name Rhizobium paranaense sp. nov. for this novel taxon, with strain PRF 35(T) ( = CNPSo 120(T) = LMG 27577(T) = IPR-Pv 1249(T)) as the type strain. © 2014 IUMS.

  8. Daños por Sennius amazonicus, Sennius sp. y Amblycerus sp. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) en semillas de Sclerolobium sp. (Leguminosae) .

    OpenAIRE

    Porto Santos, Germi; Vinha Zanuncio, Teresinha; Lourenco de Assis Junior, Sebastiao; Cola Zanuncio, José

    2015-01-01

    Seeds of Sclerolobium sp.(N=l000), collected in two localities of Vicosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil were damaged by bruchid beetles: Sennius amazonicus, and two undescribed species of Sennius and Amblycerus. Total seed darnage was 22.3±1.93% including 3.40±0.97% of darnage by Amblycerus sp. Other agents contributed to seed darnage including O.9±O.4% by fungi. Eighty seven mg of Sclerolobium sp. seeds were necessary Cor development oC either S. amazonicus or Sennius sp. which represented 38.3...

  9. Câncer cutâneo em Taubaté (SP - Brasil, de 2001 a 2005: um estudo de prevalência Skin cancer in Taubaté (SP - Brazil, from 2001 to 2005: a prevalence study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Regina Ferreira

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: O câncer figura como a terceira principal causa de morte no Brasil. A pele é a localização mais freqüente, e estima-se que cerca de 50% das pessoas brancas com mais de 60 anos desenvolverão algum tipo de neoplasia cutânea. OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil dos indivíduos com câncer da pele atendidos no Hospital Universitário de Taubaté no período de 2001 a 2005. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base hospitalar envolvendo indivíduos atendidos no Serviço de Dermatologia do Hospital Universitário de Taubaté no período de janeiro de 2001 a dezembro de 2005. As variáveis do estudo foram sexo, idade, cor da pele, localização e tipo clínico do tumor: carcinoma basocelular, carcinoma espinocelular, combinado e melanoma. As técnicas estatísticas utilizadas foram a do qui-quadrado, t de Student e Anova. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 639 indivíduos, e a prevalência encontrada foi de 50 casos/100.000 habitantes. A faixa etária mais acometida foi a partir dos 60 anos, a proporção de indivíduos acometidos foi maior para o sexo feminino em relação ao masculino (57,2%/42,8% e a proporção de brancos/não brancos foi de 4:1. CONCLUSÃO: Este trabalho vem preencher uma lacuna, dada a inexistência de estudos na região e também à escassez de estudos no Estado de São Paulo, e os achados foram coincidentes com os da literatura.BACKGROUND: Cancer represents the third principal cause of death in Brazil. Skin is the most frequent location and about 50% of caucasian patients older than sixty years will develop some type of cutaneous cancer. OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of the individuals with skin cancer assisted at the University Hospital of Taubaté in the period between 2001 and 2005. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving individuals assisted at the Dermatology Department at the University Hospital of Taubaté in the period between January 2001 to December 2005 was performed. Study

  10. Heterocontrole da fluoretação da água de abastecimento público em Bauru, SP, Brasil External control over the fluoridation of the public water supply in Bauru, SP, Brazil

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    Irene Ramires

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a fluoretação da água de abastecimento público, comparando os resultados obtidos com dados prévios de fluoretação. MÉTODOS: O estudo foi realizado de março de 2004 a 2005, na cidade de Bauru, Estado de São Paulo. Mensalmente, em datas estabelecidas por sorteio, foram coletadas 60 amostras de água nos 19 setores de abastecimento, totalizando 737 amostras. A concentração de flúor presente nas amostras de água foi determinada em duplicata, utilizando-se o eletrodo íon sensível (Orion 9609, acoplado ao potenciômetro. Uma vez analisadas, as amostras foram classificadas como aceitáveis ou inaceitáveis de acordo com a concentração de flúor. A análise estatística empregada foi do tipo descritiva. RESULTADOS: A concentração média de flúor observada nos diferentes meses de coleta variou entre 0,37 e 1,00 mg/l. Cerca de 85% das amostras foram classificadas como aceitáveis. CONCLUSÕES: Comparados com dados de estudos prévios realizados na cidade, foi observada uma melhoria nas condições de fluoretação da água de abastecimento, um ano após a implantação do heterocontrole. A implantação do monitoramento da fluoretação da água de abastecimento por sistemas de vigilância deve ser incentivada, sendo fundamental para o controle da cárie dentária.OBJECTIVE: To assess the fluoridation of the public water supply and compare these results with previous data. METHODS: The study was carried out from March 2004-2005 in Bauru, a city of Southeastern Brazil. Every month, on dates established randomly, 60 water samples were collected from the 19 supply sectors of the city, totaling 737 samples. The fluoride concentration in the water samples was determined in duplicate, using an ion-specific electrode (Orion 9609 coupled to a potentiometer. Following analysis, the samples were classified as acceptable or unacceptable according to their fluoride concentration. Descriptive statistical analysis was utilized

  11. Indicadores antropométricos do estado nutricional de pré-escolares em Araraquara, SP
    Anthropometric indicators of nutritional status in preschool children in Araraquara, SP – Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. R. FOSCHINI

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Realizou-se este trabalho para estudar os indicadores antropométricos do estado nutricional de pré-escolares matriculados na rede pública de ensino do município de Araraquara, SP. A amostra foi selecionada de forma probabilística estratifi cada e seu tamanho estabelecido por processo de amostragem para população fi nita. Foi realizado o cálculo dos indicadores antropométricos (em escore-z peso para altura, altura para idade, peso para idade e Índice de Massa Corpórea. A classifi cação do estado nutricional foi realizada segundo a população de referência da Organização Mundial de Saúde. 26 O nível econômico e escolaridade do chefe de família foram avaliados por meio do questionário proposto pela ANEP. 2 Realizou-se estudo piloto para aferir a concordância intra-examinador. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e as associações foram realizadas com o teste de qui-quadrado (2, adotando-se um nível de signifi cância de 5%. Observou-se prevalência de desnutrição aguda de 8,64% com predomínio do sexo feminino (p=0,013. A prevalência de baixo peso encontrada foi de 1,66% e de desnutrição crônica foi de 1,00% com associação significativa com o número de pessoas residentes no domicílio. Dos pré-escolares, 38,37% apresentaram excesso de peso. A prevalência de obesidade foi de 15,78%. Observou-se maior número de crianças do sexo feminino obesas e maior número de meninos com sobrepeso (p=0,049. Conclui-se que a pre-valência de pré-escolares com excesso de peso é alta nesta população o que deve ser considerado em planejamentos de ações públicas.

  12. O TRABALHO DO ENFERMEIRO NOS EQUIPAMENTOS DE SAÚDE MENTAL DA REDE PÚBLICA DE CAMPINAS-SP

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    Kirschbaum Débora Isane Ratner

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação objetivou verificar o campo de atuação do enfermeiro em serviços de saúde mental e analisar suas relações de trabalho com outros membros das equipes multiprofissionais, buscando verificar os nexos estabelecidos entre a prática destes profissionais e a concepção do serviço acerca do trabalho em equipe. Optou-se por realizar um Estudo de Caso de natureza qualitativa-descritiva. Observou-se que o enfermeiro adquire distintas posições, conforme a organização do processo de trabalho da equipe e que o reconhecimento deste contexto é fundamental para que o profissional possa desenvolver seu trabalho de forma crítica e com boa qualidade.

  13. Arborização na cidade de Campinas/SP- percepção e conforto

    OpenAIRE

    Léa Yamaguchi Dobbert

    2015-01-01

    A influência benéfica de áreas verdes no conforto humano em áreas urbanas tem sido reconhecida por estudos de diferentes campos do conhecimento. Áreas verdes e arborização bem planejada constituem importantes recursos para melhorar a qualidade do ambiente ao promover bem-estar físico e mental aos seus usuários. Avaliar o grau de interferência proporcionado pela arborização no conforto térmico e bem-estar da população foi o objetivo principal do presente estudo. O índice de floresta urbana (IF...

  14. Epidemiology of bacterial meningitis among children in Brazil, 1997-1998

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    Débora PL Weiss

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To document the incidence and the descriptive epidemiology of bacterial meningitis among individuals under age 20 in a geographically defined region in Brazil during the two-year period immediately preceding the introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib vaccines into the national immunization program of Brazil. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all cases of bacterial meningitis reported among residents of Campinas, Brazil, under age 20 (n=316,570 during the period of 1997-98, using comprehensive surveillance records compiled by the Campinas Health Department from cases reported among hospital inpatients, outpatients, emergency room visits, death certificates, and autopsy reports. RESULTS: The incidence of bacterial meningitis (n=274 was 334.9, 115 and 43.5 cases/10(5 person-years (pys for residents of Campinas under age 1, 5 and 20, respectively. All cases were hospitalized, with an average length of stay of 12 days. Documented prior antibiotic use was 4.0%. The case-fatality rate of bacterial meningitis in individuals under age 20 was 9% (24/274 with 75% of deaths occurring in children under the age of five. The incidence of Hib meningitis (n=26 was 62.8 and 17 cases/10(5 pys in children age <1 and <5, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of Hib meningitis in children under the age of 5 in Campinas during 1997-98 was similar to that reported in the US, Western Europe, and Israel prior to widespread Hib vaccine use in those regions. This study provides a baseline for later studies to evaluate changes in the etiology and incidence of bacterial meningitis in children after introduction of routine Hib vaccination in Brazil.

  15. Melhoramento do cafeeiro: XXII - Resultados obtidos no ensaio de seleções regionais de campinas Coffee breeding: XXII - Results from the regional coffee selection trial from campinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Carvalho

    1961-01-01

    Full Text Available A. seleção de plantas matrizes e estudo de suas progênies vêm sendo realizadas em cinco localidades do Estado de São Paulo. A fim de averiguar, simultaneamente, o comportamento geral das melhores progênies nessas localidades, plantaram-se, em 1951, cinco ensaios de seleções regionais, em Campinas, Ribeirão Prêto, Pindorama, Mooca e Jaú. Aqui são apresentados e discutidos os dados referentes a Campinas. O ensaio compreende 100 progênies pertencentes aos cultivares 'Mundo Novo', 'Bourbon Amarelo', 'Bourbon Vermelho', 'Caturra Amarelo', 'Caturra Vermelho' e 'Sumatra', havendo para cada grupo, uma ou mais testemunhas, sem seleção. A variedade typica foi tomada como testemunha geral. Analisaram-se as dados referentes ao vigor vegetativo, à altura das plantas e ao diâmetro da copa, à produção de café cereja e de beneficiado, tipos, tamanho, peso e densidade das sementes e .sintomas de deficiências de zinco e queima das folhas devido à baixa temperatura. As progênies de 'Mundo Novo', 'Bourbon Amarelo' e 'Bourbon Vermelho', apresentaram níveis diferentes de produtividade. A produção total média das progênies do café 'Mundo Novo', no período 1954 a 1959, foi de 9,81 kg de café beneficiado por canteiro (uma cova com quatro plantas enquanto que a do 'Bourbon Amarelo', foi de 8,33 kg e, a do 'Bourbon Vermelho', de 6,39 kg. A produção média do 'Caturra Vermelho' mostrou-se semelhante à do 'Bourbon Vermelho', de 6,29 kg, enquanto a do 'Caturra Amarelo' foi maior, de 7,20 kg. A análise feita pelo contraste das médias indicou diferenças significativas a favor do grupo 'Mundo Novo'. Neste grupo tôdas as progênies selecionadas produziram mais do que a média das suas testemunhas, sem qualquer melhoramento, indicando efeito altamente significativo da seleção No grupo 'Bourbon Amarelo' 6 progênies (46% deram produção maior do que a média das testemunhas e, no 'Bourbon Vermelho', apenas 7 (13% mostraram-se mais

  16. ESTUDO DA PREVALÊNCIA DE OTITES CLÍNICAS POR Rhabditis sp. EM BOVINOS DA RAÇA GIR NO ESTADO DE GOIÁS PREVALENCE STUDY OF CLINICAL OTITIS BY Rhabditis sp. IN GIR CATTLE IN THE GOIÁS STATE-BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Iglesias Santin

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Neste trabalho estudou-se a prevalência de otites clínicas por Rhabditis sp. em bovinos da raça Gir no Estado de Goiás, no período de julho a dezembro de 1997. Durante o estudo foram registrados dados sobre temperatura, umidade relativa do ar e precipitação pluviométrica, com a finalidade de verificar a correlação desses parâmetros com a prevalência de otites clínicas por Rhabditis sp. Amostras de descargas auriculares foram colhidas através de zaragatoas de 255 animais provenientes de 12 propriedades. A freqüência de animais positivos para a parasitose variou de 30% a 95%. A prevalência de otite clínica por Rhabditis sp. em bovinos adultos da raça Gir foi de 78,43%, não ficando, porém, evidenciada a influência sazonal sobre a doença.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Bovino; gir; Rhabditis; otite; prevalência.

    The prevalence of clinical otitis causal byRhabditis sp. in Gir cattle was studied in 12 farms from 11 municipal districts in the Goiás State-Brazil, from July to December 1997. During this, work temperature, relative humidity air and pluviometric precipitation were registered in order to check correlation between prevalence and climatic parameters. Samples of ear discharges were collected by swabs in 255 bovines. The frequency varied from 30% to 95%. The prevalence for

  17. Environmental contamination by Toxocara sp. eggs in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil Contaminação ambiental por ovos de Toxocara sp. no município de Ribeirão Preto, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divani Maria Capuano

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Toxocariasis is a zoonosis mainly caused by Toxocara canis, an intestinal nematode of dogs. Man acquires the infection through accidental ingestion of viable eggs, and the toxocariasis clinical manifestations may vary from an asymptomatic infection up to the Visceral Larva Migrans syndrome. Seventy eight public squares of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil, including Bonfim Paulista district were visited aiming to evaluate the soil contamination by Toxocara eggs. The squares were divided in five different areas corresponding to the Sanitary Districts of the city. From May to December 2003, soil samples weighting about 250 g each were collected from five distinct sites of each public square. The laboratorial analysis was done by centrifugal-flotation techniques in magnesium sulphate solutions with 5% of potassium iodide (d = 1.33 and zinc sulphate (d = 1.20, and by the sedimentation- flotation in conic chalices with zinc sulphate (d = 1.20. Toxocara sp. eggs were found on 16 (20.5% squares, with the lowest prevalence (12% at the central area. From these results, it is expected that the legal authority will adopt protection measures for the city public areas, reducing thus the contamination risk by Toxocara sp. eggs.A toxocaríase é uma zoonose causada principalmente pelo Toxocara canis, nematóide intestinal de cães. O homem adquire a infecção através da ingestão acidental de ovos viáveis, sendo que as manifestações clínicas da toxocaríase podem variar desde uma infecção assintomática à síndrome da Larva Migrans Visceral. Com o objetivo de avaliar a contaminação do solo por ovos de Toxocara sp, foram visitadas 78 praças públicas de Ribeirão Preto, incluindo o distrito de Bonfim Paulista. As praças foram distribuídas em cinco áreas diferentes correspondentes as mesmas dos Distritos Sanitários do município. Entre maio a dezembro de 2003 foram coletadas de cinco pontos de cada praça amostras de solo de aproximadamente 250

  18. Pegadas de mamíferos em parcelas de areia em fragmentos de vegetação da bacia do ribeirão Anhumas, Campinas, São Paulo. Mammal tracks in sand plots in vegetation fragments of the Anhumas creek basin, Campinas, São Paulo.

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    Maria Carolina Brunini SIVIERO;

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A urbanização agrava a perda e a fragmentação do habitat e representa uma ameaça à diversidade biológica. As espécies de mamíferos e sua abundância foram determinadas em três fragmentos de mata da bacia do ribeirão Anhumas: riacho da UNICAMP, Mata Santa Genebra e Parque Ecológico Hermógenes F. Leitão Filho, em Campinas, SP. Foram montadas dez parcelas de areia para registrar pegadas de mamíferos distanciadas 250 metros entre si nos dois primeiros locais e sete parcelas no Parque, limitadas pelo perímetro de um açude. De agosto de 2005 a agosto de 2006 foram realizadas quatro amostragens trimestrais de pegadas em cada local, iscando e examinando as parcelas por quatro dias. Foram registradas 15 espécies. O cachorro-do-mato (Cerdocyon thous, o cachorro-doméstico (Canis familiaris, o pequeno felídeo, o tatu (Dasypus novemcinctus e o gambá (Didelphis albiventris foram os mais abundantes. As cercas/alambrados ao redor dos fragmentos não impediram a entrada dos animais domésticos. A abundância do cachorro-doméstico e do gambá evidencia os efeitos prejudiciais da fragmentação e da urbanização na conservação da fauna em ambiente urbano.Urbanization increases the loss and fragmentation of habitat and represents a threat to biological diversity. Mammal species and their abundance were determined in three forest fragments of the Anhumas river basin: UNICAMP, Mata Santa Genebra Forest Reserve and Hermógenes F. Leitão Filho Ecological Park, Campinas, SP. Ten sand plots to register mammal tracks were constructed 250 meters apart in the first two places and seven and seven plots in the park, bounded by the perimeter of a pond. From August 2005 to August 2006 we conducted four quarterly track samplings in each location by baiting and examining the sand plots over four days. Fifteen mammal species were recorded. The crabeating fox (Cerdocyon thous, domestic dog (Canis familiaris, small felid, nine-bandedarmadillo (Dasypus

  19. The genus Alterosa Blahnik, 2005 (Trichoptera, Philopotamidae, Philopotaminae) in northeastern Brazil, including the description of three new species and an identification key for the genus

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    Dumas, Leandro Lourenço; Calor, Adolfo Ricardo; Nessimian, Jorge Luiz

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Alterosa Blahnik, 2005 contains 35 described species distributed in southern and southeastern Brazil. Three new species of Alterosa from northeastern Brazil are described and illustrated, Alterosa amadoi sp. n., Alterosa castroalvesi sp. n. and Alterosa caymmii sp. n., the first records of the genus from northeastern Brazil. An identification key for all known species of the genus is also presented. PMID:23950667

  20. Topologia do risco de acidentes do trabalho em Piracicaba, SP Spatial distribution of risks for work-related injuries in a city of Southeastern e Brazil

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    Lia Thieme Oikawa Zangirolani

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a distribuição espacial do risco de acidente do trabalho controlado por variáveis nutricionais e outras co-variáveis. MÉTODOS: Estudo caso-controle espacial de base hospitalar, tendo como variável de interesse a localização espacial dos acidentes do trabalho. Foram amostrados 794 trabalhadores, no período de maio a outubro de 2004. Os critérios de inclusão para casos (N=263 foram: ser trabalhador acidentado do trabalho, morador de Piracicaba, com idade entre 15 e 60 anos, e atendido em centro de ortopedia e traumatologia. Os controles (N=531 tiveram o mesmo critério de idade e residência na cidade, exceto que o acidente não era do trabalho, tendo sido considerandos também trabalhadores acompanhantes dos casos. A distribuição espacial da estimativa baseou-se no ajuste do modelo aditivo generalizado, tendo as coordenadas geográficas dos casos e controles como componente espacial não linear e as demais co-variáveis como componente linear. RESULTADOS: A variação da estimativa do risco espacial de acidentes do trabalho, controlada por sexo (OR=1,87; pOBJECTIVE: To assess spatial distribution of risks for work-related injuries controlled for nutritional variables and other covariables. METHODS: Hospital-based spatial case-control study with work-related injuries spatial distribution as the main variable of interest. A total of 794 workers were selected between May and October 2004. Inclusion criteria for cases (N=263 were: worker with work-related injury; living in Piracicaba (Southeastern Brazil; age between 15 and 60 years old; and cared at an orthopedics and trauma center. Controls (N=531 met the same criteria for age and residence, but had non-work-related injuries and workers accompanying cases were included as well. Spatial distribution was estimated by adjusting a generalized additive model with geographical coordinates of cases and controls as spatial non-linear component and the remaining covariables

  1. Ocorrência de resíduos de antibióticos no leite comercializado em Piracicaba, SP The occurrence of antibiotic residues in milk in commercial establishments in the city of Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Gislene Garcia Franco do NASCIMENTO

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliada a ocorrência de resíduos de antibióticos em 96 amostras de leites pasteurizados de 6 diferentes marcas adquiridas em estabelecimentos comerciais de Piracicaba, SP, sendo 2 do tipo B, 2 do tipo C, 1 tipo A e uma integral embalagem longa vida. A metodologia empregada consistiu em colocar discos de papel de filtro impregnados com leite sobre a superfície de meio de cultura TSB, previamente inoculado com cultura teste de Bacillus sthearothermophyllus. Após incubação por 4h a 56° C, foram observados halos de inibição da bactéria, em decorrência da presença de resíduos de antibióticos. Observou-se que 50,0% das amostras de leite apresentaram resíduos de antibióticos, não havendo diferença significativa (p The occurrence of antibiotic residues in 96 samples of pasteurized milk from six different brands found in commercial establishments in the city of Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil was investigated. Four different grades of milk were tested: two of type B, two of type C; one of type A; and one carton of UHT milk. The methodology used consisted of setting discs of filter paper saturated in milk over the surface of a TSB culture media previously inoculated with a test culture of Bacillus sthearothermophyllus. After an incubation of four hours at 56 ° C, halos of bacterial inhibition were observed, due to the presence of antibiotic residues. It was observed that 50.0% of the milk samples presented antibiotic residues, without a significant difference among them (p <=0.01. One of the brands presented 72.5% of the samples with penicillin residues and another presented 50.0% of the samples containing other inhibitors that were not identified by this methodology.

  2. Detecção e tratamento de pacientes amblíopes na cidade de São Paulo, SP (Brasil Detection and treatment of amblyopic patients in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Samir Jacob Bechara

    1987-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados retrospectivamente cem pacientes amblíopes de uma clínica particular na cidade de São Paulo, SP, Brasil, escolhidos aleatoriamente, com idades variando de 3 a 48 anos. Foram pesquisados: idade de detecção, meio de detecção, idade de início do tratamento e regularidade do retorno ao consultório. A maior parte dos casos (65% foi detectada antes dos 7 anos de idade e dentre estes, somente 10,8% iniciaram tratamento após os 8 anos de idade. Entre aqueles que iniciaram antes dos 7 anos de idade, 44,8% retornaram irregularmente ou não retornaram. A ambliopia foi detectada predominantemente pelos pais ou pelo oftalmologista, e raramente pelo pediatra ou na escola. Os autores discutem estas observações e propõem recomendações para melhorar os resultados terapêuticos na ambliopia.This report presents retrospective data concerning 100 amblyopic patients in São Paulo, Brazil, including: the age of detection, means of detection, age in which therapy was started and follow-up of the patients. Even though most of the cases (65% had been detected before the age of 7 years, 10.8% of them started the therapy only after 8 years of age, when the treatment of amblyopia may not be so successful. Among the patients who started their therapy before the age of 7 years, 44.8% of them returned only irregularly or didn't return at all. The amblyopia was detected, in the majority of cases, by the parents or the ophthalmologist, and rarely by the pediatrician or at school. The authors discuss such observations, and propose some ways ot improve the therapeutic results in amblyopia.

  3. Insomnia Symptoms, Daytime Naps And Physical Leisure Activities In The Elderly: FIBRA Study Campinas

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    Natália Tonon Monteiro

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The practice of physical activities contributes to reducing the risk of chronic diseases and improves sleep patterns in the elderly. This research aimed to investigate the association between insomnia symptoms and daytime nap and the participation in physical leisure activities in elderly community residents. Data from the Studies Network of the Fragility in Brazilian Elderly (Campinas site, were used. Information from 689 elderly was analyzed, regarding sociodemographic characterization, physical leisure activity, occurrence of daytime napping and its duration, symptoms of insomnia and use of sleep medication. A significant association was found between the practice of walking and the daytime nap of short duration. Studies indicate that a short nap can benefit the quality of sleep and health of the elderly. Therefore, promoting the practice of walking can be a nursing intervention that favors the sleep patterns of the elderly.

  4. [Insomnia symptoms, daytime naps and physical leisure activities in the elderly: FIBRA Study Campinas].

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    Monteiro, Natália Tonon; Neri, Anita Liberalesso; Coelim, Maria Filomena

    2014-04-01

    The practice of physical activities contributes to reducing the risk of chronic diseases and improves sleep patterns in the elderly. This research aimed to investigate the association between insomnia symptoms and daytime nap and the participation in physical leisure activities in elderly community residents. Data from the Studies Network of the Fragility in Brazilian Elderly (Campinas site), were used. Information from 689 elderly was analyzed, regarding sociodemographic characterization, physical leisure activity, occurrence of daytime napping and its duration, symptoms of insomnia and use of sleep medication. A significant association was found between the practice of walking and the daytime nap of short duration. Studies indicate that a short nap can benefit the quality of sleep and health of the elderly. Therefore, promoting the practice of walking can be a nursing intervention that favors the sleep patterns of the elderly.

  5. Subnotificação da mortalidade materna em Campinas: 1992 a 1994 Underreporting of maternal mortality in Campinas from 1992 to 1994

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    Mary Angela Parpinelli

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: identificar e investigar a subnotificação da mortalidade materna, a partir das declarações de óbito (DO com causa presumível para morte materna em mulheres de 10 a 49 anos, residentes em Campinas, São Paulo, no período de 1992 a 1994. Métodos: foram selecionadas, dentre as 1032 DO de mulheres com idade entre 10 e 49 anos, 216 cuja causa de morte era associada à gravidez declarada ou presumível. Procedeu-se então à busca ativa da causa materna em prontuários clínicos, serviço de verificação de óbito e domicílios. Resultados: foram identificados oito casos adicionais de morte materna dentre as 204 DO com causa materna presumível, o que correspondeu a uma subnotificação de 40% ou a um fator de correção de 1,67 sobre a RMM "oficial". A principal causa de óbito com subnotificação (71,5% ou 5/7 casos correspondeu a complicações infecciosas do aborto, seguida pela morte materna obstétrica indireta (66,6% ou 2/3 casos. Conclusões: a DO não pode ser considerada como única fonte para identificação da morte materna, sendo necessária a investigação complementar das causas presumíveis. A falta de legislação local, além dos aspectos religiosos e sociais, pode estar influindo na omissão do aborto como causa de morte materna.Purpose: to identify and quantify the underreporting of maternal mortality, from death certificates (DC in Campinas, São Paulo, from 1992 to 1994. Methods: a total of 216 DC whose causes of death were maternal (declared and/or presumed were selected among the 1032 DC of 10 to 49-year-old women. A complementary investigation was performed on hospital records, at the death verifying units, and in households. Results: eight additional maternal deaths were identified among the 204 DC with presumed maternal death. This corresponded to an underreporting rate of 40% or to a correction factor of 1.67 for the official MMR. The first cause of underreporting was abortion (71.5% or 05/07 and

  6. Riqueza, relevância e estratégias para a conservação de fisionomias campestres do Cerrado no Horto Florestal de Botucatu, SP, Brasil. Richness, relevance and conservation strategies for savanna grasslands in the Horto Florestal of Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

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    Natashi Aparecida Lima PILON

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As fitofisionomias campestres e as plantas do estrato herbáceo-arbustivo têm sido pouco estudadas em todo o mundo e, pelo seu desconhecimento, poucos esforços têm sido empreendidos em sua conservação. Visando contribuir para preencher esta lacuna, efetuamos a caracterização florística e do espectro biológico das fisionomias campo sujo e campo limpo úmido em um remanescente de vegetação de Cerrado no Horto Florestal de Botucatu, SP. Registramos, no total, 210 espécies, sendo a maioria ervas (61%, seguidas de arbustos (17% e subarbustos (17%. Espécies arbóreas representam apenas 6% da riqueza da flora local. Apenas 12 espécies foram comuns às duas fisionomias, indicando alta especificidade de habitat (alta diversidade beta. O campo sujo apresentou maior riqueza de espécies e diversidade de formas de vida, mas o número de famílias foi maior no campo úmido. Entre as espécies observadas, seis estão ameaçadas de extinção no estado de SP e no Brasil: Evolvulus fuscus Meisn., Curtia tenuifolia (Aubl. Knobl., Camarea hirsuta A.St-Hil., Andropogon hypogynus Hack., Richardia stellaris (Cham. & Schltdl. Steud. e Xyris brevifolia Michx. Embora a área estudada seja pequena, com 33,88 ha de extensão, sujeita a impactos diversos devido à sua localização na zona urbana do município, a elevada biodiversidade ainda existente nesta rara amostra remanescente das fisionomias campestres de Cerrado no estado de São Paulo fortalece sua relevância para a conservação do bioma e a recomendação de que seja categorizada como Estação Ecológica.Tropical grassy biomes and the small plants forming the ground layer have been rarely assessed in the entire world. Unknown, they have been globally neglected by science and conservation policies. Aiming at filling this gap, we assessed the plant species composition and the biological spectrum of dry and wet grasslands within a small remnant of Cerrado vegetation, in Botucatu, SP, Brazil. We

  7. Detection of hemoplasma and Bartonella species and co-infection with retroviruses in cats subjected to a spaying/neutering program in Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil Detecção de hemoplasmas e Bartonella sp. e co-infecção com retrovírus em gatos submetidos a um programa de castração/esterilização em Jaboticabal, SP, Brasil

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    Caroline Plácidi de Bortoli

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Hemotrophic mycoplasmas and Bartonella species are important pathogens that circulate between cats and invertebrate hosts, occasionally causing diseases in humans. Nevertheless, there are few reports on occurrences of these agents in cats in Brazil. The present study aimed to detect the presence of hemoplasma and Bartonella DNA by means of PCR and sequencing. FIV antigens and anti-FeLV antibodies, were studied by using a commercial kit on blood and serum samples, respectively, among 46 cats that were sampled during a spaying/neutering campaign conducted in Jaboticabal, SP. Three (6.5% cats were positive for hemoplasmas: two (4.3% for 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' and one (2.2% for both M. haemofelis and 'Candidatus M. turicensis'. One of the two 'Candidatus M. haemominutum'-infected cats was also positive for FeLV antigens and showed antibodies for FIV. Two cats (4.3% were positive for B. henselae. One of them was also positive for FeLV antigens. Eight cats (17.4% were positive for FeLV, and just one (2.2% showed anti-FIV antibodies. Bartonella species and hemoplasmas associated with infection due to retroviruses can circulate among apparently healthy cats.Micoplasmas hemotróficos e espécies de Bartonella são importantes patógenos que circulam entre gatos e hospedeiros invertebrados, causando ocasionalmente doenças no homem. Apesar disto, poucos são os estudos acerca da ocorrência destes agentes entre gatos no Brasil. O presente estudo objetivou detectar o DNA de hemoplasmas e Bartonella sp. pela PCR e sequenciamento. Antígeno de FIV e anticorpos anti-FeLV foram estudados utilizando um "kit" comercial, em amostras de sangue e soro, respectivamente, de 46 gatos amostrados em uma campanha de castração em Jaboticabal, SP. Três gatos (6,5% foram positivos para hemoplasmas: dois (4,3% para 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' e um (2,2% para M. haemofelis and 'Candidatus M. turicensis'. Um dos gatos positivos para 'Candidatus M. haemominutum

  8. Estudo genético-epidemiológico da hemoglobina S em uma população do Sudeste do Brasil Genetic-epidemiological study of hemoglobin S in a population from Southeastern Brazil

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    Antonio S. Ramalho

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A anemia falciforme, expressão clínica dos homozigotos do gene da hemoglobina S, é a doença hereditária mais freqüente no Brasil. Apesar disso, a metodologia genético-epidemiológica raramente é usada nos estudos brasileiros sobre essa alteração. No presente estudo foram analisados, por meio de um software específico, os dados de 817 heterozigotos do gene da HbS (513 homens e 304 mulheres, não consangüíneos, com idades entre 18 e 65 anos, detectados voluntariamente na cidade de Campinas, SP, Sudeste do Brasil. A constituição genômica caucasóide, negróide e indígena foi avaliada na amostra de portadores da hemoglobina S através do estudo das freqüências alélicas do sistema sangüíneo ABO e comparada com a observada na população geral da mesma cidade. A análise dos dados demonstrou que 52% dos portadores da HbS tiveram sua ancestralidade africana evidenciada pelo seu fenótipo e que 36% dos indivíduos eram procedentes do Nordeste do Brasil, sobretudo da Bahia (15%. Essa imigração interna tende a diminuir a proporção do haplótipo Bantu da hemoglobina S (mais grave na região de Campinas, aumentando a proporção do haplótipo Benin (mais benigno. A amostra possui um componente gênico negróide de 45%, caucasóide de 41%, e indígena de 14%. Essa composição genômica é significativamente diferente da observada na população geral da mesma cidade, apresentando uma participação gênica maior de negróides e de indígenas (influência da imigração nordestina e menor de caucasóides. A imigração nordestina e a miscigenação alteraram significativamente o perfil genético-epidemiológico dos portadores da hemoglobina S na região de Campinas, SP.Sickle cell anemia, the clinical expression of individuals homozygous for the hemoglobin S gene, is the most frequent hereditary disease in Brazil. Nevertheless, a genetic-epidemiological approach is rarely used in Brazilian studies related to this alteration. In the

  9. New species of Apenesia (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae from the Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor, Acre, Brazil

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    Celso Oliveira Azevedo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Ten new species of Apenesia Westwood, 1874, from Brazil, Acre, are described and illustrated. They belong, respectively, to the following species-groups: nitida group, Apenesia lobata sp. nov., A. serrulata sp. nov. and A. subangulata sp. nov.; laevigata group, A. ocullata sp. nov. and A. rostrum sp. nov.; columbana group, A. apicilata sp. nov.; mexicana group, A. triapicalis sp. nov.; brasiliensis group, A. megaventris sp. nov., A. ventosa sp. nov. and A. triangula sp. nov. New geographical records and some morphological data on A. funebris Evans, 1963, A. nitida (Kieffer, 1910 and A. truncaticeps (Kieffer, 1910 are added.

  10. Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em rizosferas de plantas do litoral arenoso do Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso, SP, Brasil: 2 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant rhizospheres from sandy soil of Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso, SP, Brazil: 2

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    Sandra F. B. Trufem

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available De março/1988 a julho/1990, em 14 ocasiões, foram coletadas 410 amostras de solo de rizosfera de plantas do litoral arenoso da Ilha do Cardoso, SP, Brasil, com finalidade de se conhecer a micota de fMA. Foram investigadas as rizosferas das plantas: Baccharis trimera DC., Blutaparon portulacoides (St. Hil. Mears, Dalbergia hecastaphylla (L. Taub., Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam., Ipomoea pes-caprae (L. Swett e Polygala cyparisseas St. Hil. & Moq. Verificaram-se 24 espécies de fMA. Os resultados obtidos permitiram constatar que: a há tendência em ter-se aumento no número de esporos no solo com o aumento da temperatura, precipitação e insolação; b diferentes espécies de fMA ocorrem em diferentes espécies de plantas hospedeiras, sugerindo a existência de especificidade ecológica; c há maior abundância de esporos das espécies de Acaulospora, Gigaspora e Scutellospora sobre as de Glomus. Não se verificou relação entre a fenologia das plantas hospedeiras, o número de esporos no solo e a porcentagem de colonização das raízes.From March/1988 to July/1990, in 14 opportunities, it was collected 410 soil samples of rhizospheres of native plants from sandy soils of Ilha do Cardoso, SP, Brazil to investigate the occurrence of AM fungi. The studied plants were: Baccharis trimera DC., Blutaparon portulacoides (St. Hil. Mears, Dalbergia hecastaphylla (L. Taub., Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam., Ipomoea pes-caprae (L. Swett and Polygala cyparisseas St. Hil. It was observed 24 species of AM fungi. The results showed: a a tendency to increase the number of spores in the soil with the increase of the temperature, rainfall and sunlight; b different species of AM fungi occurred in different species of hosts, suggesting ecological specificity of AM fungi; c it was observed higher abundance of spores of Acaulospora, Gigaspora and Scutellospora over spores of Glomus and Sclerocystis. It was not observed relatonships between the number of spores in the

  11. Obesidade em idosos do Município de São Carlos, SP e sua associação com diabetes melito e dor articular Obesity among older people of the City of São Carlos, SP, Brazil, and its association with diabetes mellitus and joint pain

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    Thaís Rabiatti Aurichio

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo verificar a prevalência de obesidade e sua associação com diabetes melito (DM e dores articulares na população idosa residente em São Carlos, SP. Foram avaliadas 227 idosas (média de idade 69,6±6,8 anos e 172 idosos (69,4±6,7 anos quanto ao índice de massa corporal (IMC e questionados quanto à presença de diabetes e dor articular. Os dados foram tratados estatisticamente. Os resultados mostram que 73,6% das idosas e 66,9% dos idosos apresentavam sobrepeso ou eram obesos. As médias de IMC foram maiores nos indivíduos com idade inferior a 75 anos. Entre as mulheres da amostra foi encontrada associação entre a presença de DM, dores no pé, tornozelo e joelho e a condição"obesa". No grupo masculino, a condição obeso só apresentou associação com a presença de DM. Foi pois constatada associação entre obesidade e presença de DM. Mulheres idosas apresentam maior prevalência de obesidade e associação entre dores articulares e excesso de peso corporal.The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of obesity and its association with diabetes mellitus (DM and joint pain among elderly dwellers in the city of São Carlos, SP, Brazil. A total of 399 aged people - 227 women (mean age 69.6±6.8 and 172 men (mean age 69.4±6.7 - were assessed as to body mass index (BMI and were questioned whether they had diabetes and joint pain. Data were statistically analysed. Results showed that 73.6% of the women and 66.9% of the men were overweight or obese; BMI values were higher in subjects aged under 75. Among women, associations were found between the obese condition, presence of diabetes, and foot, ankle and knee pain. In the male group, the obese condition presented association only with presence of diabetes. An association was hence found between obesity and DM. Prevalence of obesity was greater in elderly women, who also presented association between joint pain and high BMI values.

  12. Qualidade da avaliação da acuidade visual realizada pelos professores do programa " Olho no olho" da cidade de Marília, SP Assessment of visual acuity evaluation performed by teachers of the "Eye in eye" program in Marília-SP, Brazil

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    Lígia Issa De Fendi

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a qualidade e o ponto de corte (AV PURPOSE: To assess quality and cut-off point (VA <0.7 of the examinations performed by teachers to detect reduced visual acuity (VA in schoolchildren participants of the project called "Eye in eye " in Marilia-SP, Brazil. METHODS: Visual acuity measurements were performed by trained teachers using Snellen's chart. The children with VA <0.7 in one of the eyes were referred to an ophthalmic examination. The ophthalmic examination was considered gold standard to assess quality and cut-off point of the examinations performed by teachers. VA test was performed in 604 schoolchildren of state public schools (1,208 eyes. Analyses were based on examined eyes. We calculated sensitivity (S, specificity (E, positive predictive value (PPV, negative predictive value (NPV and likelihood rate (LR. We compared the means obtained by the teachers' examinations to means of the ophthalmologist's examinations. ROC curve was produced to evaluate whether VA lower than 0.7 is the best value for referral to an ophthalmic examination. RESULTS: VA means obtained by teachers and ophthalmologic examinations were 0.70 ± 0.16 and 0.88 ± 0.2 respectively. The difference between teachers' and ophthalmologists' examinations was 0.18 (p<0.0001. S, E, PPV, NPV e LR were: 82%, 40%, 27%, 89% and 1.37, respectively. False positive and negative rates were 59.5% and 18%. ROC curve evidenced that visual acuity of 0.7 was the best cut-off point to refer schoolchildren to an ophthalmic exam. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the importance of the teachers' participation in improved schoolchildren ocular health. The examination performed by teachers obtained a satisfactory S with low E, NPV and high values of false positive results. The best cut-off point to refer schoolchildren to an ophthalmic examination was VA of 0.7.

  13. Mineralogia dos solos da Estação Experimental "Theodureto de Camargo", em Campinas Mineralogy of the soils of the Experimental Station "Theodureto de Camargo" - Campinas

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    Adolpho J. Melfi

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available São estudadas mineralògicamente séries monotípicas da Estação Experimental "Theodureto de Camargo", município de Campinas. Ocorre na área um sillde diabásio Mesozóico, intrusivo em rochas sedimentares cartaoníferas de origem glacial; os solos aí existentes provêm, então, ora de um ou outro tipo de rocha, ora da mistura de ambos. A série Chapadão originou-se de diabásio, sendo classificada como latossol roxo, vulgarmente denominado terra-roxa-legítima. A série Taquaral, também proveniente da mesma rocha, sofreu, entretanto, grande contribuição de sedimentos de origem glacial, evidenciada pela presença de zircão monazita, sillimanita, turmalina, rutilo, granada, estaurolita e cianita. As séries Venda Grande, Barão e Monjolinho derivaram-se de sedimentos arenosos, siltosos e argilosos de origem glacial. A série Pomar, cuja origem se deve também a rochas sedimentares carboníferas siltosas e argilosas, recebeu contribuição mineralógica proveniente do intemperismo do diabásio.The present paper studies the mineralogy of monotypic series determined at the Experimental Station "Theodureto de Camargo". The region is geologically characterized by the presence of a Mesozoic diabase still intruded in a carboniferous glacial sedimentary formation. The existent soils represent weathered products either of rocks-sedimentary or igneous kinds - or a mixture of both. The Chapadão series derived from diabase is classified as "purple latossol", commonly known by the name of "terra roxa legítima". The Taquaral series also results mainly from diabase but has been largely contaminated by glacial sedimentary products as revealed by the presence of zircon, monazite, sillimanite, tourmaline, rutile, garnet, staurolite and kyanite. The Venda Grande, Barão and Monjolinho series result from clayey, silty and sandy glacial sediments. The Pomar series made up of products of carboniferous clay and silt sediments: exhibits notwithstanding an

  14. MUNICIPAL ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT: AN ANALYSIS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL (INSUSTAINABILITY OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF JOÃO PESSOA AND CAMPINA GRANDE

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    Maria José da Silva Feitosa

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The urban centers clearly show how human interferes in nature. Faced these considerations, this study aims to answer the following problem: What, among the Paraiba municipalities ofJoão Pessoa and Campina Grande presents environmentally (unsustainable, in light of Ecological footprint Method? To solve this problem, this paper aims to analyze the ecological footprint of these municipalities in light of the Ecological Footprint Method. Methodologically, this article can be characterized as an exploratory and descriptive research, quantitative approach, using secondary data. The results show that both municipalities had ecological deficits, and are therefore environmentally unsustainable. However, compared to Campina Grande, João Pessoa’s situation shows significantly unfavorable, because this city had an ecological deficit greater than 597 times the carrying capacity of its ecosystem. Thus, is necessary the emergency in redefinition of public policies at this location.

  15. A new genus and species of Tarsonemidae (Acari: Heterostigmata) from the Atlantic Forest, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lofego, Antonio C; Demite, Peterson R; de Moraes, Gilberto J

    2015-07-21

    Kaliszewskia ochoai gen. nov., sp. nov. (Tarsonemidae: Tarsoneminae: Tarsonemini) is described from adult females, collected on Blepharocalix salicifolius (Kunth) O.Berg and Plinia sp. (Myrtaceae), from the Atlantic Forest in Brazil.

  16. Época de florescimento e horas de frio para pessegueiros e nectarineiras Blosson date and chilling hours requirements under 7.2ºC and 13ºc forpeaches and nectarines at Capão Bonito, SP, Brazil

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    Mario José Pedro Júnior

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a época de florescimento de 41 acessos de pessegueiros e nectarineiras existentes no Banco Ativo de Germoplasma (BAG de Frutas de Caroço, em Capão Bonito-SP. As datas de abertura espontânea de 70% das flores (sem indução por produtos químicos foram observadas e relacionadas com o número de horas de frio (NHF abaixo de 7,2 e 13ºC. O NHF foi estimado, utilizando-se de equações de regressão múltipla em função das temperaturas máximas e mínimas diárias. Os acessos do referido BAG foram separados por meio de análise de "cluster", resultando na identificação de quatro grupos distintos para pessegueiros, em relação a épocas de florescimento (até 10-07; 11-07 a 20-07; 21-07 a 31-07 e após 1º-08, e três para nectarineiras (até 10-07; 11-07 a 20-07 e após 20-07. Dentre esses grupos, o mais precoce apresentou florescimento antes de 10 de julho, com exigência inferior a 40 e 500 NHF abaixo de 7,2 e 13ºC, respectivamente, para pêssego (IAC 2485-6, IAC 680-13 e Régis e nectarina (IAC N 785-9. O grupo mais tardio para pêssegos (Eldorado, Diamante, Arlequim, Bolão e Marli apresentou florescimento após 1º de agosto, necessitando de mais de 70 e 650 NHF abaixo de 7,2 e 13ºC, respectivamente. As principais cultivares de pêssego da persicultura paulista (Aurora-1, Douradão e Dourado-1 floresceram entre 11 e 20 de julho com NHF entre 41 a 50 abaixo de 7,2ºC e entre 501 a 560 abaixo de 13ºC.Blossom dates for 41 peaches and nectarines accesses from the Active Gene Bank (BAG of stone fruits were evaluated at Capão Bonito (SP, Brazil. Observations of flowering date (70% of opened flowers were taken and compared to the chilling hour's requirement (NHF considering 7.2 and 13ºC. The NHF was estimated using multiple regression equations based on maximum and minimum temperature. The accesses from the BAG were separated by cluster analysis into four groups for peaches and three for nectarines by cluster analysis. The

  17. Epizootia de raiva na área urbana de Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil Rabies epizootic in the urban area of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Afonso Dinis Costa Passos

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva descrever uma epizootia de raiva iniciada em 1995 na área urbana de Ribeirão Preto e estudar os fatores que propiciaram o seu aparecimento. Foram revistos e estudados todos os casos laboratorialmente confirmados de raiva animal ocorridos a partir de janeiro de 1995. Paralelamente, foram levantadas informações relativas à cobertura vacinal e às atividades de vigilância. Em 1995, além de um caso humano, ocorreram 58 casos de raiva animal (54 cães, três gatos e um morcego. Em 1996, foram observados vinte casos (18 cães e dois gatos. A concentração de casos foi diferente conforme as áreas distritais, com maiores valores sendo observados nas regiões mais pobres da cidade. A distribuição de casos não variou conforme os meses do ano. Baixas coberturas vacinais e quase ausência de atividades de vigilância, traduzida pelo não-envio sistemático de amostras para exames laboratoriais nos anos imediatamente anteriores a 1995, foram os fatores determinantes do aparecimento da epizootia. Este evento ilustra os riscos de se negligenciar a profilaxia permanente da raiva, mesmo numa cidade com razoável estrutura dos serviços de saúde e localizada numa das áreas de maior desenvolvimento econômico do País.This report describes some epidemiological aspects of a rabies epizootic that started in 1995 in the urban area of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, and discusses its main causes. All laboratory confirmed cases were described according to a set of epidemiological variables. Simultaneously, information was raised concerning rabies vaccine coverage and epidemiological surveillance activities. In addition to one human case, 58 rabid animals were confirmed in 1995 (54 dogs, 3 cats. and 1 bat. There were 20 cases in 1996 (18 dogs and 2 cats. Geographical distribution was uneven in the city, with higher concentrations observed in the Western, Northern, and Southwestern sections, corresponding to the poorest areas. No seasonal

  18. Prevalência de cárie em dentes permanentes de escolares do Município de São Paulo, SP, 1970-1996 Dental caries prevalence in permanent teeth of schoolchildren in Brazil, 1970-1996

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    Paulo C Narvai

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudar a evolução da prevalência de cárie em dentes permanentes da população infantil do Município de São Paulo, SP, no período 1970-1996, com base em levantamento epidemiológico em escolares das redes pública e privada de ensino. MÉTODOS: Utilizando metodologia recomendada pela Organização Mundial da Saúde, foram examinados 2.491 escolares de 103 unidades das redes de ensino público e privado. Foi obtida amostra probabilística, com base no cadastro das escolas do município. Os elementos amostrais foram identificados ao acaso. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que de uma situação de prevalência "muito alta" de cárie dentária nos anos 60 e 70, a população de referência evoluiu positivamente, na idade-índice de 12 anos, para um quadro de "baixa" prevalência. CONCLUSÃO: Entre 1986 e 1996 o declínio na cárie dentária, aos 12 anos de idade, foi da ordem de 68,2% entre escolares do Município de São Paulo.OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolution of dental caries in permanent teeth of schoolchildren in S. Paulo City, Brazil, during the period of 1970-1996. METHODS: The World Health Organization methodology for oral health surveys was applied in 2,491 shoolchildren, both male and female from 103 public and private schools. A probabilistic sample stratified by age, school category, and city zones was obtained by the Education State Service data system. Computational resources were used. RESULTS: Data from the 1996 S.Paulo survey were compared with others data provided by studies such as the one conducted in the same city and the reference-population in the second half of the 20th century. In the 60s and 70s the DMF-T Index among 12-year-old schoolchildren was around 7.0. In 1986 it was 6.5 and in 1996 it was registered 2.1, a decline of 68%. CONCLUSION: Dental caries in permanent teeth among S. Paulo City 12-year-old schoolchildren changed from a "very high" to "low" prevalence.

  19. Avaliação de cultivares de mandioca de mesa no Vale do Ribeira (SP Evaluation of cassava cultivars in the Ribeira Valley, State of São Paulo, Brazil

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    José Osmar Lorenzi

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho é o resultado final de avaliação dos melhores clones de mandioca de mesa, selecionados no Vale do Ribeira (SP, a partir de uma base genética de 306 cultivares procedentes do banco de germoplasma do Instituto Agronômico. Foram desenvolvidos três ensaios de competição, em blocos ao acaso com doze tratamentos (cultivares e quatro repetições, na Estação Experimental de Pariquera-Açu, nos anos agrícolas 1989/90, 1990/91 e 1991/92. Os resultados mais relevantes mostraram que: (a quanto à produção de raízes, os cultivares tiveram comportamento diferenciado em relação aos diferentes anos agrícolas. Apesar dessa interação, o 'IAC 576-70' (34,3 t/ha mostrou-se, em média, mais produtivo que os demais, não diferindo do 'IAC 289-70' e do 'SRT 1140-Vassourinha Amarela'. O cultivar SRT 120-Santa, de origem local e utilizado como testemunha, produziu 17,8 t/ha, em média; (b a análise dos dados para tempo de cozimento não mostrou significância para a interação cultivar x ano. 0 cultivar local foi o que apresentou o menor tempo de cozimento, em média, 26 minutos após colocação em água fervente.The present paper reports a final evaluation of the best cassava clones for table, selected in the Ribeira Valley, State of São Paulo, Brazil, from a genetic basis of 306 cultivars of the germoplasm bank of the Agronomic Institute. Three experiments were carried out at the Pariquera-Açu Experimental Station, during the 1989/90, 1990/91 and 1991/92 seasons under a randomized design with 12 treatments (cultivars and four replications. The most relevant results, were: (a the cultivars had different root yields in relation to years. However, the cultivar IAC 576-70 was the most productive, with a yield of 34.3 t/ha in average, meanwhile the cultivar used as test plant showed an average yield of 17.8 t/ha; (b the results of the cooking tests were not significant for the relationship cultivar x year interaction. The local

  20. Desenvolvimento de equipamento para controle mecânico de plantas aquáticas na UHE de Americana-SP Development of equipment for mechanical control of aquatic plants at the Americana reservoir in Brazil

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    L.F.N. Bravin

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram desenvolver e avaliar o rendimento operacional de um equipamento para controle de plantas aquáticas, além de estabelecer procedimentos que permitissem a otimização dessa prática na UHE de Americana-SP. O equipamento constitui-se de uma esteira de margem (3,0 m de largura x 10,0 m de comprimento para captação e condução das plantas até um picador, que as fragmenta antes do descarte, facilitando assim sua decomposição e seu transporte. A análise realizada indicou que a capacidade operacional foi de aproximadamente 7,73 m³ h-1. Considerando-se a menor taxa de crescimento observada no histórico do reservatório, 2,27%, o sistema deveria permitir a remoção de aproximadamente 28 m³ h-1. Dessa forma, esse equipamento pode funcionar como um método auxiliar no controle das plantas aquáticas, não realizando um controle efetivo se empregado de forma isolada.The aim of this work was to develop and evaluate the operational capacity of a device for aquatic plant control, as well to establish procedures to improve plant control at the Americana reservoir in Brazil. Basically, the equipment consists of a shore conveyor (3.0 m wide x 10.0 m long for collecting and carrying the plants to a cutter (that breaks the plants before transportation, facilitating their decomposition and transport. The analysis showed that the operational capacity of the equipment was approximately 7.73 m³ h-1. Considering the lowest growth index observed in the reservoir description, 2.27%, the system should remove approximately 28 m³ h-1. This equipment can act as a support for aquatic plant control, without providing an effective control when used alone.

  1. Redes de subcontratação e trabalho a domicílio na indústria de confecção: um estudo na região de Campinas Undercontracting networks and household labor in the clothing industry: a study of the Campinas'region

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    Angela Maria Carneiro Araújo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como propósito discutir as redes de subcontratação e os novos "usos" do trabalho a domicílio como elementos centrais do processo de reestruturação do setor de confecção nos anos 90, bem como seus impactos sobre as condições de trabalho e saúde das mulheres trabalhadoras. Para isso, partimos de uma pesquisa realizada na região de Campinas/SP, que contemplou o estudo de empresas de confecção de pequeno e médio porte, como também uma extensa rede de subcontratação, que tem na sua ponta inferior o trabalho a domicílio. A pesquisa mostra que as mulheres constituem a força de trabalho tradicionalmente subcontratada pelas empresas confeccionistas e ocupam as posições inferiores e mais vulneráveis na cadeia produtiva. Mostra também que o trabalho a domicílio aparece revitalizado, como instrumento central de aumento da produtividade a baixos custos e como forma alternativa de enfrentar a concorrência com grandes empresas do ramo.This article discusses the undercontracting networks and the new "usages" of household labor as central elements of the restructuring processes of the clothing sector in the nineties, as well as their impact on the labor and health conditions of the working women. This is done through research in the Campinas region, State of São Paulo on small and medium sized clothing industries, including the wide undercontracting network, whose lowest point is household labor. Data show that women are the hands traditionally undercontracted by the clothing industries and that they work on the lowest and most vulnerable positions in the productive chain. They also show that household labor looks renewed, as a central instrument of productivity increase at low cost and as an alternative way of entering the competition with the larger industries.

  2. Increased sugarcane water productivity in Brazil avoids land use change and related environmental impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarpare, F. V.; Galdos, M. V.; Kolln, O.; Gava, G.; Franco, H.; Trivelin, P.

    2012-12-01

    Fábio V. Scarparea, Marcelo V. Galdosa, Oriel T. Kollna, Glauber J.C. Gavab, Henrique J. Francoa, Paulo C.O. Trivelinc a Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol - CTBE/CNPEM, C.P. 6170, Campinas, SP, 13083-970, Brazil. E-mail: fabio.scarpare@bioetanol.org.br b APTA - Polo Centro Oeste. Rod. SP 304, km 304, CP 66, Jaú, SP, 17201-970, Brazil. c Laboratório de Isótopos Estáveis, Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, CENA/USP, C.P. 9, Piracicaba, SP, 13418-900, Brazil. Increasing crop water productivity is a key factor where water is scarce compared with land and other resources. A widespread method for water use assessment is the water productivity (WP) approach which is the ratio between biomass production per unit of water utilized. WP is useful to evaluate water utilization and to identify where and when water can be saved in an irrigation system. Traditionally, field experiments are conducted to quantify and evaluate water management practices in irrigation systems. This field trial was conducted in Jaú - São Paulo State (Lat 22.17° S, Long 48.32° W) during first and second ratoon cycles. Four treatments were appraised; rainfed only (R0); rainfed + 150 kg ha-1 of N (RN); irrigation only (I0) and irrigation + 150 kg ha-1 of N (IN). The subsurface drip irrigation was carried out considering the crop evapotranspiration (ETc) to restore 100% of evapotranspired water. The irrigation frequency was considered the water supply to the soil by precipitation and the atmospheric demand for sugarcane ETc, with a maximum soil storage capacity of 70 mm. Our results point that the WP in irrigated condition was 13% higher than rainfed field whereas for N application, WP reached even higher values, 40%. WP among all treatments showed better results for IN (~28 kg mm-1) followed by RN (~23 kg mm-1); I0 (~16 kg mm-1) and R0 (~15 kg mm-1). Those results are in agreement with some studies which suggest high synergy between water and nitrogen for the

  3. New species of Zenoria Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) from Brazil and Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Paula B; González F, Guillermo

    2016-12-07

    Four new species of Zenoria Mulsant, 1850 are described: Zenoria limitrophi sp. nov. from Brazil; and Z. westerduijni sp. nov., Z. carbo sp. nov., and Z. miroi sp. nov. from Peru. Diagnostic characters are illustrated and relationships with previously described species are discussed.

  4. FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PREVALENCE AND INTENSITY OF DENTAL PAIN IN CHILDREN IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF THE CAMPINAS REGION, SÃO PAULO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guskuma, Renata Cristina; Lages, Vinícius Aguiar; Hafner, Maylu Botta; Rando-Meirelles, Maria Paula Maciel; Cypriano, Silvia; Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de; Batista, Marília Jesus

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of dental pain in children according to size of municipality, associated factors and absenteeism. The sample consisted of children aged 12 years old from public and private schools drawn from eight cities in the region of Campinas (SP). A questionnaire was applied to obtain dental pain, demographic, socioeconomic data, and a clinical examination was carried out to evaluate the experience of having a cavity. The outcome for the logistic regression analysis was having pain and the outcome for the negative log-binomial regression was the intensity of pain. The significance level was 5%. The sample consisted of 1,233 children, and 16.7% reported pain in the last six months. Dental pain was the cause of 46.4% of school absenteeism during this period. The prevalence of pain was lower among households with high income (p=0.023) and higher among nonwhites (p=0.027). Pain intensity was lower in medium-sized cities (p=0.02) and small cities (p=0.004), and higher in children whose parents had a lower educational level (p=0.003), children who sought out a dentist for the pain (p=0.04) and who had untreated cavities (p=0.04). The prevalence and intensity of dental pain in children aged under 12 are related to socioeconomic aspects of the family, such as low-income and parents with a low level of education, which impact daily activities as seen through school absenteeism. Pain intensity was lower in medium and small cities. Oral health promotion strategies in this age group should be encouraged to avoid dental pain.

  5. ASSISTÊNCIA DE SAÚDE HUMANIZADA: CONQUISTAS E DESAFIOS EM CAMPINA GRANDE-PB

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    INACIA SÁTIRO XAVIER DE FRANÇA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Se identificaron las conquistas y retos del proceso de humanización en las Unidades Básicas de Salud Familiar (UBSF en Campina Grande-PB. Estudio cualitativo realizado con 36 profesionales de salud y 74 usuarios inscriptos en los programas desarrollados en 28 UBSF. Se utilizaron dos cuestionarios basados en los parámetros de la Política Nacional de Humanización (PNH; uno de los cuales fue para los profesionales y el otro para los usuarios. Los datos recogidos han sido estandarizados y colocados en núcleos temáticos. El soporte analítico fue PNH. Los resultados señalan que algunos profesionales tienen conocimiento de PNH e intentan ejecutarla. La minoría de los usuarios presentó insatisfacción con la atención y las dificultades en la comunicación. Se concluye que enfermeros y médicos están preocupados por que no tienen medios suficientes para realizar de manera concreta la acogida, sin embargo, se puede afirmar que ellos practican dicha acogida dentro de esas limitaciones, pues, el conocimiento teórico en PNH todavía no está enteramente incorporado.

  6. O trabalho das enfermeiras no SUS de Campinas: anos 70 e 80

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    Elisabet Pereira Lelo Nascimento

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivamos analisar a inserção e as práticas desenvolvidas pelas enfermeiras na rede básica da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Campinas entre 1978 e 1989. Entre as práticas desenvolvidas pelas enfermeiras, destacamos a supervisão, como instrumento de avaliação/treinamento e fiscalização/controle do trabalho; a formação de auxiliares de saúde pública; a consulta e atendimento de enfermagem; a visita domiciliária; a normatização e desenvolvimento de procedimentos técnicos de enfermagem e os registros de enfermagem. Concluímos que houve transformações nos processos de trabalho das enfermeiras, e a posição assumida por elas foi fundamental para a instalação da rede básica de saúde, a reordenação das práticas de enfermagem e para a implantação do modelo de atenção à saúde.

  7. Candida flosculorum sp. nov. and Candida floris sp. nov., two yeast species associated with tropical flowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carlos A; Pagnocca, Fernando C; Lachance, Marc-André; Ruivo, Carla C C; Medeiros, Adriana O; Pimentel, Mariana R C; Fontenelle, Julio C R; Martins, Rogério P

    2007-12-01

    Two ascomycetous yeast species, Candida flosculorum sp. nov. and Candida floris sp. nov., were isolated from tropical flowers and their associated insects. C. flosculorum was isolated from flower bracts of Heliconia velloziana and Heliconia episcopalis (Heliconiaceae) collected from two Atlantic rain forest sites in Brazil. C. floris was isolated from flowers of Ipomoea sp. (Convolvulaceae) growing on the banks of the river Paraguai in the pantanal ecosystem in Brazil and from an adult of the stingless bee Trigona sp. and a flower of Merremia quinquefolia (Convolvulaceae) in Costa Rica. C. flosculorum belongs to the Metschnikowiaceae clade and C. floris belongs to the Starmerella clade. The type strain of C. flosculorum is UFMG-JL13(T) (=CBS 10566(T)=NRRL Y-48258(T)) and the type strain of C. floris is UWO(PS) 00-226.2(T) (=CBS 10593(T)=NRRL Y-48255(T)).

  8. Avaliação de cultivares de mangueira selecionadas pelo Instituto Agronômico de Campinas comparadas a outras de importância comercial Evaluation of mango cultivars selected by "Instituto Agronômico de Campinas" compaired to others of commercial importance

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    Cássia Regina Limonta Carvalho

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Duas novas cultivares com resistência à seca-da-mangueira obtidas pelo Instituto Agronômico de Campinas, IAC 103 Espada Vermelha e IAC 109 Votupa, foram avaliadas em comparação com quatro cultivares de origem americana cultivadas no Estado de São Paulo: Tommy Atkins, Van Dyke, Palmer e IAC Haden 2H. Esta última é um clone selecionado da 'Haden 2H'. Foram avaliadas a produção, resistência às doenças e mosca-das-frutas bem como as características físicas e químicas dos frutos. A produtividade das cultivares foi avaliada em Votuporanga-SP, utilizando um ensaio em blocos completos ao acaso, com as seis cultivares e cinco repetições, com três plantas por parcela. A cultivar Palmer mostrou-se a mais produtiva, revelando boa adaptação às condições edafoclimáticas do local. Nenhuma cultivar foi resistente a todas as doenças, e a 'Haden 2H' foi a mais suscetível. A 'Espada Vermelha' mostrou-se resistente à mosca-das-frutas, e a 'Votupa' apresentou a maior porcentagem de polpa, próxima à das comerciais 'Van Dyke', 'Tommy Atkins' e 'Palmer'. O valor nutritivo e a composição química dos frutos foram avaliados no Instituto Agronômico e no Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos, em Campinas. A cultivar Espada Vermelha distinguiu-se das demais por ter apresentado características diferenciadas em alguns dos parâmetros químicos avaliados, principalmente quanto aos teores de minerais, carotenóides totais e de lipídeos, que proporcionaram intenso aroma e coloração aos seus frutos. 'Votupa', 'Palmer' e 'Van Dyke' apresentaram frutos mais ácidos e mais calóricos, enquanto as cultivares Espada Vermelha, Tommy Atykns e Haden 2H mostraram frutos de baixa acidez e de menor valor calórico.Two new mango cultivars, IAC 103 Espada Vermelha and IAC 109 Votupa, resistant to the mango wilt caused by the fungus Ceratocystis fimbriata and selected by the "Instituto Agronômico de Campinas" (IAC, were compaired to four Floridian cultivars

  9. The sperm of Hylodinae species (Anura, Leptodactylidae ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Madhu

    IBAMA) (20235/98-78 SP). Voucher specimens were deposited in the Museu de História Natural. “Prof. Adão José Cardoso” (ZUEC) of the Universidade. Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo,. Brazil. The specimens were ...

  10. Optimal Partitioning of a Surveillance Space for Persistent Coverage Using Multiple Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: An Integer Programming Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-27

    Partitions via Integer Programming”. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Computação, Campinas/SP, Brazil, 1998. [33] Nigam, Nikhil... Mexico . September 25–28, 2007. [39] Rader, David. Deterministic Operations Research. Wiley, New Jersey, 2010. [40] Stone, Andrea. “Drone Program Aims To

  11. Comparação de três métodos de estimativa da evapotranspiração de referência para a região de Araraquara - SP Comparison of three evapotranspiration reference estimation methods to Araraquara region - SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto V. Vescove

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma forma de verificar a eficiência de métodos de estimativa da evapotranspiração de referência (ETo é a comparação com o método-padrão. Este trabalho tem por finalidade comparar três métodos de estimativa da ETo: Radiação Solar (RS, Makkink (MAK e Tanque Classe A (TCA em relação ao método de Penman-Monteith (PM, em dois períodos distintos das fases de desenvolvimento da cultura de citros, com dados médios quinzenais para os períodos inverno-primavera e verão-outono. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida em uma fazenda de citros, em Araraquara - SP, onde foi instalada uma estação meteorológica automatizada e um tanque Classe A. Por intermédio da estação meteorológica automatizada, foram obtidas medidas da radiação solar global, saldo de radiação, temperatura do ar, umidade relativa do ar e velocidade do vento. A análise de regressão indica que, para o método TCA, pode ser utilizado o modelo de regressão y = bx, em que, y representa a EToPM e x a EToTCA. Para os demais métodos analisados, o modelo mais adequado foi y = bx + a. Os resultados obtidos neste estudo evidenciam que o método do TCA superestimou a ETo em 26% no período verão-outono e em 24% no período inverno-primavera. O método de MAK subestimou a ETo nos dois períodos analisados, enquanto o método da RS superestimou a ETo.To verify the efficiency of the evapotranspiration reference methods (ETo, it is necessary to contrast with the standard method. This work has the purpose to compare three methods of ETo estimation: Solar Radiation (RS, Makkink (MAK and a Class A tank (TCA method with Penman-Monteith method (PM, in two phases of citrus growth, working with biweekly medium data for the winter-spring and summer-autumn periods. The research was developed in a citrus farm, in Araraquara - SP, Brazil, where it was installed an automated meteorological station and a Class A tank. Through a system of data acquisition, measures of the global solar radiation

  12. Características edafoclimáticas e informações socioeconômicas no diagnóstico de agroecossistemas da região de São Carlos, SP Soil and climate characteristics and socio-economic data in the diagnostic of agroecosystems of São Carlos region, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Fernando Guedes Pinto

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available O planejamento regional de agroecossistemas é um componente fundamental para a sustentabilidade da atividade agrícola, devendo considerar a realidade biofísica e socioeconômica. A agropecuária cumpre importante papel na região de São Carlos, SP, porém esta localiza-se em grande parte numa área de preservação ambiental. Este trabalho visou delimitar a Zona Agroecológica dessa região e diagnosticar seus agroecossistemas por meio de informações edafoclimáticas e socioeconômicas. A delimitação foi baseada no clima, geomorfologia e divisão administrativa. Da área delimitada estudou-se o clima, pedologia, uso da terra, estrutura fundiária e o manejo dos agroecossistemas. A Zona delimitada ocupa 286.824,08 ha, e é composta pelos municípios de Analândia, Itirapina, Santa Maria da Serra, São Carlos, São Pedro e Torrinha. Há potencial para a atividade agrícola, ocorrendo principalmente solos arenosos e de baixa fertilidade. Pastagens e cana-de-açúcar são os usos predominantes; a distribuição da posse da terra é desigual, e existe risco de degradação ambiental, pois não se empregam práticas compatíveis com as características naturais. Recomenda-se o uso de práticas que maximizem a conservação do solo, sua correção, e o aproveitamento de seus nutrientes, assim como o cultivo de espécies adaptadas a solos arenosos, que sejam pouco exigentes em fertilidade e resistentes a estresse hídrico.Regional planning of agroecosystems is a key component in the sustainability of agriculture and it should consider the biophysical and socio-economic reality. Agriculture plays an important role in the region of São Carlos, SP, Brazil, but it is located in an area of environmental conservation. This work aimed to delimit the Agroecological Zone of this region and to diagnose agroecosystems through soil, climate and socio-economic data. The delimitation was based on climate, geomorphology and administrative division of the

  13. Alteração de plagioclásios dos riodacitos da formação serra geral (JKsg da região de Piraju - SP Alterations of plagioclases of the rhyodacites from the serra geral formation (JKsg of Piraju (SP Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Alessandra Truffi

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available A região de Piraju -- SP é caracterizada geologicamente por apresentar uma grande distribuição de rochas básicas e ácidas da Formação Serra Geral. Os processos e produtos de alteração das rochas básicas são apresentados em muitos trabalhos, mas estudos envolvendo alteração de rochas vulcânicas ácidas são raros. Apresentam-se os resultados de estudos petrológicos, químicos e mineralógicos nas rochas vulcânicas ácidas (riodacitos da Formação Serra Geral, nos produtos de alteração dessas rochas, dando ênfase para a evolução mineralógica dos plagioclásios. Os riodacitos da Fm. Serra Geral (JKsg possuem em sua composição mineralógica cerca de 60-65% de plagioclásios configurando assim a parte mais importante de sua constituição. O estudo da alteração desses plagioclásios oferece informações importantes em relação a própria alteração da rocha e dos solos relacionados. Resultados obtidos a partir de análises de microscopia óptica, difratometria de raios-X aliados a determinações químicas qualitativas e semi-quantitativas obtidas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV permitiram importantes interpretações e conclusões sobre a evolução da alteração nos plagioclásios, a saber: a por meio de intemperismo não muito intenso, isto é, processo de hidrólise parcial (monossialitização os cristais de plagioclásio evoluem principalmente para caulinita e secundariamente para mica e haloisita; b por meio de intemperismo intenso, isto é, processo de hidrólise total (alitização os cristais de plagioclásio evoluem para gibbsita.The Piraju (SP Brazil area is geologicaly characterized by a great distribution of basic and acid rocks from the "Serra Geral" Formation. Basic rocks have been extensively studied as to their processes and products of alteration. However, published material on the same subject related to volcanic acid rocks is scarce. This research exposes results of studies made in

  14. Avaliação multicriterial no mapeamento de risco de incêndios florestais, em ambiente sig, na bacia do Rio Corumbataí, SP Multi-criteria evaluation of a GIS environment in a forest fire hazard mapping for the Corumbataí River basin, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilton Luis Ferraz da Silveira

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Um dos agentes mais empregados na supressão de áreas florestais no Estado de São Paulo é o fogo, por meio de queimadas que, quando fora de controle, podem converter-se em incêndios responsáveis pela destruição de extensos ecossistemas. Na Bacia do Rio Corumbataí, SP, os incêndios são um dos causadores de fragmentação e degradação da cobertura florestal. Nesse contexto, este trabalho objetivou a realização do mapeamento de risco de incêndios florestais na Bacia do Rio Corumbataí, utilizando-se a avaliação multicriterial (Método da Média Ponderada Ordenada em um Sistema de Informações Geográficas. Os fatores importantes do estudo foram: declividade do terreno, face de exposição ao sol, pluviosidade, proximidade da malha viária, proximidade dos centros urbanos, proximidade da rede hidrográfica, vizinhança dos fragmentos e face de exposição aos ventos. A combinação dos mapas de fatores resultou no mapa de risco regional da bacia. Para a confecção do mapa de risco em nível de fragmento, determinou-se o risco associado a cada fragmento, a partir da análise de uma faixa de 30 m em seu entorno. O risco foi reclassificado em três classes: baixo, médio e alto. Com base no mapa final, verificou-se que: aproximadamente 20% dos fragmentos de mata nativa pertencem à classe de risco alto, 55% à classe de risco médio e 25% à classe de risco baixo. Nas condições atuais de uso e cobertura do solo, bem como de manejo das áreas agrícolas e pastagens, os remanescentes florestais da Bacia do Rio Corumbataí estão sob séria ameaça de degradação por incêndios florestais.Fire is one of the agents most used in the suppression of forest areas in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, and, when out of control, it can be responsible for the destruction of extensive ecosystems. In the case of the Corumbataí river basin, SP, fire is one of the main causes of forest fragmentation and degradation. The purpose of this study was

  15. Avaliação de política ambiental e sustentabilidade: estudo de caso do município de Santo André - SP Environmental policy assessment and sustainability: case study of Santo André City - SP - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Pellegrini Cezare

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A gestão da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo tem como um dos desafios resolver a problemática do uso e ocupação do solo em áreas de proteção de mananciais, visando proteção dos recursos hídricos desta região. Este artigo tem como objetivo contribuir para a discussão sobre Avaliação de Estratégia de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, a partir de uma análise das políticas ambientais do Município de Santo André, no contexto da proteção dos recursos hídricos. Propõe-se a verificar, com base nos Princípios de Bellagio, se houve enfoque sistêmico, transparência, participação e engajamento social no processo de formulação e implementação de suas políticas ambientais. Observou-se coerência nas políticas, programas e ações estudadas, entretanto, foram identificadas lacunas que, sobre o enfoque estratégico, representam fraquezas na construção da sustentabilidade local, como no caso da ausência de um sistema consolidado de indicadores de sustentabilidade.The management of the São Paulo Metropolitan Area has as one of the challenges to bring a sustainable solution for land use in watershed protection areas, aiming at regional water resources protection. This paper has the objective to contribute to the discussion about Sustainable Development Strategy Assessment, from an analisys with focus at the environmental policies of the Santo André City - SP Brazil, in the context of water resources protection. For this, the proposal is to verify, based on the Bellagio Principles, the use of systemic approach, transparency, participatory process and social engagement in its policy formulation and implementation process. It was observed coherence within the policies, programmes and actions analysed, nevertheless, gaps were identified, which, within a strategic approach, means weakness for the construction of the local sustainability, as the lack of a consolidated sustainability indicators system.

  16. Occurrence of Eretmocerus mundus Mercet (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae parasitizing Bemisia tabaci (Genn. biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Lourenção

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The parasitism of Bemisia tabaci (Genn. biotype B nymphs on cotton plants was observed during a research on resistance of cotton genotypes to this whitefly. The experiment was set in a greenhouse at the Experimental Station of the Instituto Agronômico (IAC, in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. Samples of the parasitized nymphs were collected and maintained in laboratory to monitor the parasitism and obtain the adult parasitoids. A total of 129 adult parasitoids were obtained, including one Encarsia inaron (Walker, 13 En. lutea (Masi, and 115 Eretmocerus mundus Mercet (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae. This is the first report of Er. mundus in Brazil.

  17. Fatores associados ao sedentarismo no lazer em idosos, Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paula do Amaral Zaitune

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer a prevalência de sedentários no lazer (que referem não praticar nenhum exercício físico no lazer ao menos uma vez por semana em idosos de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, segundo fatores demográficos e sócio-econômicos, outros comportamentos relacionados à saúde e à presença de morbidades. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, de base populacional, com amostragem em múltiplos estágios. A análise dos dados levou em conta o desenho amostral. A prevalência de sedentários foi 70,9%, sendo que as razões de prevalências foram significativamente maiores que um para os idosos de menor renda (1,31: 1,11-1,55, tabagistas (1,39: 1,23-1,57, com transtorno mental comum (1,20: 1,04-1,39 e do sexo feminino (1,16: 1,00-1,35. A prevalência de caminhada foi 23,5%, seguida por ginástica ou musculação (3,8% e por natação ou hidroginástica (3,6%. Os resultados apontam para a necessidade do desenvolvimento de ações globais com respeito aos comportamentos relacionados à saúde. Atenção especial deve ser dada aos idosos do sexo feminino, àqueles com transtorno mental comum e aos de menor nível sócio-econômico a fim de garantir eqüidade em relação às práticas de promoção da saúde.

  18. Avaliação de genótipos de bananeira em Botucatu-SP Evaluation of banana genotypes in Botucatu, state of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayana Portes Ramos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o crescimento e a produção de genótipos de 3 grupos genômicos de bananeira: 'Nanicão-IAC-2001', 'Grande Naine', 'Caipira' e 'Nam' (AAA; 'maçã', 'Thap maeo', 'Prata-Anã' e 'Prata-Zulu' (AAB; 'FHIA 01', 'FHIA 18', 'Prata-Graúda' e 'maçã Tropical' (AAAB, em Botucatu-SP. Foram avaliadas as seguintes características de crescimento: altura de plantas, circunferência do pseudocaule, número de folhas, número de dias entre o plantio e o florescimento, entre o florescimento e a colheita e do plantio à colheita. As características de produção avaliadas foram: peso do cacho, número de pencas, número de frutos, peso médio dos frutos, produtividade; peso, número, comprimento e diâmetro de frutos da 2ª penca. os resultados mostraram que, no grupo AAA, 'Nanicão' apresentou boas características de crescimento e produção, no entanto 'Grande Naine' apresentou maiores valores produtivos. 'Nam' apresentou menor porte e ciclo, porém baixos valores produtivos. No grupo AAB, 'Prata-Zulu' apresentou maior circunferência do pseudocaule, boas características produtivas, porém ciclo longo e porte maior. 'Thap maeo' destacou-se por apresentar boas características de produção. 'Prata-Anã' apresentou porte reduzido, menor ciclo, porém não apresentou bom desempenho produtivo. 'FHIA 01', no grupo AAAB, apresentou maiores valores na maioria das características avaliadas. Pode concluir-se que 'Grande Naine' se destacou no grupo AAA, 'Thap maeo' no grupo AAB e 'FHIA 01' no grupo AAAB.The purpose of this research was to assess the plants growth and production of genotypes of 4 genomic groups of banana: 'Nanicão-iAC-2001', 'Grande Naine', 'Caipira' and 'Nam' (AAA; 'maçã', 'Thap maeo', 'PrataAnã'and 'Prata Zulu'(AAB; 'FHIA01', 'FHIA18', 'Prata Graúda'and 'maçã Tropical' (AAAB, in Botucatu, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Some growth characteristics were evaluated such as: plant height, the pseudostem

  19. Sociologia, formação de professores e interdisciplinaridade. Conquistas e desafios nas experiências do PIBID de Ciências Sociais da PUC-Campinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duque, Tiago

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is an analytical description of an experiment conducted in an educational environment and its goal is to discuss the formation of teachers of Social Sciences in an interdisciplinary theoretical and practical perspective. It presents the achievements and challenges experienced by the Social Sciences division of the Institutional Program for Teaching Scholarships (Programa Institucional de Bolsa de Iniciação à Docência – PIBID PUC-Campinas, Brazil. The authors discuss their own experiences as coordinators of scholarship students and also as teachers of these students. The weekly contact with the other coordinators, school visits, meetings with scholarship students, reporting, planning and monitoring the execution of interdisciplinary activities and reading of the evaluative activities of the scholarship students are what constitute the material hereby organized as an experience report. It is concluded that the program improved the quality of the participation of the scholarship students in the classroom, and that it provided a critical environment for the thinking about the formation of teachers and graduates. It is also concluded that, in spite of the efforts already made, we still have much to do before we can consolidate the teaching of Sociology in basic education. We know that, as contradictory as it may seem, interdisciplinarity is something that has yet to be established and legitimized in the university. Esta descrição e análise de experiência desenvolvida em ambiente educacional têm como objetivo refletir a respeito da formação de professores de Ciências Sociais em uma perspectiva teórico-prática interdisciplinar. O texto apresenta as conquistas e os desafios das experiências da área de Ciências Sociais do Programa Institucional de Bolsa de Iniciação à Docência – PIBID PUC-Campinas, Brasil. Os autores refletem as suas próprias experiências como coordenadores de bolsistas e também professores destes

  20. A case study of ethanol water demand during industrial phase in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandes, T.; Scarpare, F. V.; Guarenghi, M.; Pereira, T.; Galdos, M. V.

    2012-12-01

    Thayse A. D. Hernandesb, Fábio V. Scarparea, Marjorie M. Guarenghib, Tássia P. Pereirab, Marcelo V. Galdosa a Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol - CTBE/CNPEM, Caixa Postal 6170, 13083-970 Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, E-mail: fabio.scarpare@bioetanol.org.br b Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica, Unicamp, Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz", CEP 13083-860, Campinas, SP, Brazil In São Paulo State, the water resources have being used by sugarcane industry responsibly, through high reuse rates that may reach 95% during industrial process. The average amount of catchment water stays around 2.0 m3 Mg 1 of industrial sugarcane stalk. However, in some modern mills which use higher technical level of closed water circuit, the standard goal for sugarcane industry, 1.0 m3 Mg 1 can be reached. In some regions where the uptake water for industrial segment is high as in São Paulo State, water use assessment is desired for sustainable ethanol production. Thus, two regions in São Paulo State with two plants each were taken as a case study aiming to assess ethanol water demand during the industrial phase. Araraquara was the first study region where the water demand was classified as in critical condition in 2010 according to the Water and Electrical Energy Department of São Paulo State (DAEE). The industrial activities were responsible for 50% of the water catchment. Araçatuba was the second study region where water demand was classified as being of concern (DAEE) due to high percentage of catchment water for industrial activities, around 90%. Data regarding the amount of millable cane processed, days of the plant operation, ratio of cane used for ethanol production in 2010/2011 season were used for direct water demand estimation considering different water catchment scenarios of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.7 (technological development prediction scenario) m3 Mg-1 of millable cane. For indirect water demand estimation, data regarding installed capacity of each

  1. Carnivorous Diving Beetles of the Genus Desmopachria (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) from Brazil: New Species, New Records, and a Checklist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braga, Rafael Benzi; Ferreira-Jr, Nelson

    2014-01-01

    Eight new species of Desmopachria Babington, 1841 are described and illustrated from Brazil: D. dicrophallica sp. nov., D. disticta sp. nov., D. grammosticta sp. nov., D. grandinigra sp. nov., D. itamontensis sp. nov., D. leptophallica sp. nov., D. stethothrix sp. nov., and D. ukuki sp. nov. The species D. amyae Miller, 2001, D. chei Miller, 1999, D. margarita Young, 1990, and D. volatidisca Miller, 2001 are recorded for the first time from Brazil. From species of the Desmopachria reported in Brazil, D. aldessa Young, 1980 has a new record from Pará state and D. fossulata Zimmermann, 1928, D. granoides Young, 1986, and D. laevis Sharp, 1882 have new records from Rio de Janeiro State. A checklist of all Desmopachria recorded from Brazil is presented with notes about some of the localities.

  2. Carnivorous diving beetles of the genus Desmopachria (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) from Brazil: new species, new records, and a checklist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braga, Rafael Benzi; Ferreira-Jr, Nelson

    2014-04-19

    Eight new species of Desmopachria Babington, 1841 are described and illustrated from Brazil: D. dicrophallica sp nov., D. disticta sp nov., D. grammosticta sp nov., D. grandinigra sp nov., D. itamontensis sp nov., D. leptophallica sp nov., D. stethothrix sp nov., and D. ukuki sp nov. The species D. amyae Miller, 2001, D. chei Miller, 1999, D. margarita Young, 1990, and D. volatidisca Miller, 2001 are recorded for the first time from Brazil. From species of the Desmopachria reported in Brazil, D. aldessa Young, 1980 has a new record from Pará state and D. fossulata Zimmermann, 1928, D. granoides Young, 1986, and D. laevis Sharp, 1882 have new records from Rio de Janeiro State. A checklist of all Desmopachria recorded from Brazil is presented with notes about some of the localities. This is an open access paper. We use the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license that permits unrestricted use, provided that the paper is properly attributed.

  3. MALFORMAÇÕES CONGÊNITAS E FATORES DE RISCO MATERNO EM CAMPINA GRANDE - PARAÍBA

    OpenAIRE

    Virgínia Rossana de Sousa Brito; Francisco Stélio de Sousa; Francisco Henrique Gadelha; Rafaella Queiroga Souto; Ana Raquel de Figueiredo Rego; Inacia Sátiro Xavier de França

    2010-01-01

    n el siguiente artículo se realiza un estudio para verificar el predominio de niños nacidos con malformaciones congénitas en las maternidades de Campina Grande–PB y los factores de riesgo asociados. Los datos recolectados se refieren a tres cen- tros maternos a través de las Declaraciones de Nacido Vivo — DNV emitidos en el período del 2003 al 2005. La asociación entre los tipos de malformaciones y las variables fue avalorada por el Chi-cuadrado y las Odds Ratio, fueron calculadas para cada v...

  4. A vez e a voz dos coordenadores das CPAS das IES de Campinas que integram o SINAES The voice of the Campinas Higher Education institutions' internal evaluation commission coordinators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Augusto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar o trabalho das Comissões Próprias de Avaliação das Instituições de Ensino Superior de Campinas, que integram o Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Superior (SINAES, a partir da visão de um ator fundamental nesse processo - o coordenador -, que em conjunto com os demais membros da comissão coordenaram o processo de auto-avaliação institucional. Procura-se conhecer como foram coordenados esses trabalhos, quem são os coordenadores, como eles concebem a avaliação institucional e o que esperam do atual sistema avaliativo.The purpose of this article is to present the work done by the Internal Evaluation Commissions of Higher Education Institutions of Campinas that integrate the National Higher Education Evaluation System (SINAES, from the point of view of a fundamental actor - the coordinator - who, along with the institutional assessment team, is responsible for the institution's self evaluation process. The main focus of this work is to investigate how the evaluation process is coordinated. Additionally, the research investigated who the coordinators are, what are their expectations and how the institutional evaluation process was conceived.

  5. Prevalence and etiology of buffalo mastitis and milk somatic cell count in dry and rainy seasons in a buffalo herd from Analândia, São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.J.L. Pizauro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate somatic cell count (SCC, prevalence and etiology of mastitis in a dairy buffalo herd from Analândia, São Paulo State, Brazil, in the dry and rainy seasons. Additionally, antimicrobial susceptibility profile of microorganisms isolated from milk samples was also evaluated. 1,042 milk samples from female Murrah buffaloes in a dairy farm located in Analândia, São Paulo State, Brazil, collected between May 2011 and November 2012 were analyzed. After the mammary gland physical examination, strip cup test and California Mastitis Test (CMT were performed. Afterwards, 50mL of milk samples from each mammary quarter were collected aseptically for SCC in automatic equipment and microbiological examination. The antimicrobial sensitivity profile to ampicillin, cefoperazone, ceftiofur, enrofloxacin, gentamicin, neomycin, oxacillin, penicillin, and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim was evaluated by disk diffusion method. The monthly average temperature and pluviometric index were obtained from "Centro Integrado de Informações Agrometeorológicas" (CIIAGRO of "Instituto Agronômico de Campinas" (IAC. Milk samples with positive results in the microbiological test showed average SCC of 137,720 cells/mL in the dry period and 190,309 cells/mL in the rainy period. Although a higher number of isolated microorganisms was observed in buffalo milk samples during the rainy period (69/600 compared to the dry period (50/442, the season had no significant effect on the frequency of isolation of microorganisms. The main genera of microorganisms isolated were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (38.4%, Streptococcus agalactiae (28.8%, and Bacillus spp. (7.56% during the dry season and Corynebacterium sp. (23.5%, Streptococcus spp. (32.3%, and Streptococcus agalactiae (9.24% during the rainy period. Multidrug resistance was observed in 30.1% of the isolated microorganisms.

  6. Three new species of Macrelmis Motschulsky, 1859 (Coleoptera: Elmidae: Elminae) from the Brazilian Cerrado Biome with updated key for the Macrelmis of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Felipe Francisco; Fernandes, André Silva; Oliveira, Leandro Gonçalves

    2013-11-12

    Three new species of Macrelmis Motschulsky, 1859 (Macrelmis bispo sp. nov., Macrelmis froehlichi sp. nov., and Macrelmis nessimiani sp. nov.) are herein described and illustrated. The species were collected from several streams in Goiás State, Brazil, a formerly unknown region concerning Elmidae fauna. We also provide an updated key for the Macrelmis species of Brazil.

  7. Epidemiologia dos acidentes ofídicos notificados pelo Centro de Assistência e Informação Toxicológica de Campina Grande (Ceatox-CG, Paraíba Epidemiologic profile of snakebites reported by the Poison Information Center of Campina Grande, Paraíba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiverton de Carvalho Lemos

    2009-03-01

    maior frequência o sexo masculino - trabalhadores rurais, na faixa etária produtiva de 10 a 49 anos - atingindo, sobretudo, os membros inferiores, e a maioria desses acidentes foi atribuída ao gênero Bothrops.Accidents caused by venomous animals are still a public health problem in Brazil. Although the production and distribution of antivenom is controlled, several regions have difficulties in reporting this type of accident. Considering such fact, a cross-sectional study was carried out using indirect files on venom accidents that occurred in Campina Grande, along with 80 small towns comprising the region, from January to December 2005. The main