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Sample records for camamu almada bahia

  1. Offshore waste management monitoring system: drilling campaign BM-CAL-4 Block, Camanu-Almada Basin, Bahia, Brazil; Gestao de rejeitos offshore em areas sensiveis e ambientes isolados - estudo de caso: campanha exploratoria da El Paso no Bloco BM-CA-4, Bacia de Camamu-Almada, Bahia, Brasil

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    Ranieri, Adriano [El Paso Oleo e Gas, Natal, RN (Brazil); Perez, Pedro; Andrade, Albert [EnvironPact, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The present paper addresses the principal aspects related to the difficulties found to implement a pollution control project in sensitive areas and isolated environments. For that, it was utilized a case study on the El Paso's second exploratory campaign on BM-CAL-4 Block, located in Camamu Almada Basin, Bahia - Brazil. Two of the items of the pollution control project implemented on this campaign where herein detailed: drilling wastes management and waste management on the smaller vessels, which had to attend to the same requirements applied to the supply vessels and the drilling rig, due to the discharge restrictions established by the environmental agency. (author)

  2. Real-time environmental monitoring system: drilling campaign BM-CAL-4 Block, Camanu-Almada Basin, Bahia, Brazil; Sistema de monitoramento ambiental em tempo-real: Bloco BM-CAL-4, Bacia de Camamu-Almada, Bahia, Brasil

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    Martins, Pedro [El Paso Oleo e Gas, Natal, RN (Brazil); Cabral, Alexandre P. [Fugro OceansatPeg (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Between February and November 2007, the El Paso Oleo e Gas do Brasil Ltda. carried out a second exploratory campaign at the BM-CAL-4 Block (Camamu-Almada Basin), installing a real-time transmission metocean data monitoring system. Two metocean Wavescan (WS) buoys from Fugro were installed, transmitting current, wave and wind data to the El Paso crises room. The WS1 was positioned near the oil (10,5 km from the shore, at 22m depth), and the WS2 was located near the entrance of Barra Grande area (4,w km from the coast, at 10m depth). The real rime data fed the mathematical simulation using an oil spill model from Fugro Oceansatpeg. The metocean data Real-Time Environmental Monitoring System proved to be an important tool in the environmental management of the drilling activity located near the coastline. The sampling and real-time transmission of the current, wind and wave data allowed a better decision making regarding the selection of the best response strategies, saving time and resources in the simulation exercises, a vital issue in case of a real oil spill accident. (author)

  3. Levels of potassium, uranium, thorium and rate of radiogenic heat production in the bedrock adjacent to Camamu and Almada sedimentary basins, Bahia, Brazil; Teores de potassio, uranio, torio e taxa de producao de calor radiogenico no embasamento adjacente as bacias sedimentares de Camamu e Almada, Bahia, Brasil

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    Sapucaia, Najara Santos; Barbosa, Johildo Salomao Figueiredo [Instituto de Geociencias, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Argollo, Roberto Max de, E-mail: nss@cpgg.ufba.br, E-mail: johildo@cpgg.ufba.br, E-mail: robmax@ufba.br [Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear Aplicada, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2005-10-15

    The bedrock adjacent to Camamu and Almada sedimentary basins is characterized mainly by rocks of granulite and amphibolite facies, with archaean and paleoproterozoic ages, which belong to orogen Itabuna-Salvador-Curaca. The units in major proportion in this context are the metatonalites associated with basic and metamonzonites belonging to Itabuna belt. In smaller area occur the Teolandia granite and the Moenda granodiorite associated with the Ipiau band amphibolites, the charnockites and charnoenderbites of Jequie bloc, the neoproterozoic sienites and the mafic dikes. The K, U and Th contents of the rocks vary from 0,02 to 6,33% for K, from < 0,2 to 9,10 ppm for U and from < 0,4 to 64,38 ppm for Th. These contents are higher in the charnockites, Moenda granodiorite, Teolandia granite and sienites, intermediate in the metatonalites and metamonzonites and lower in the basic granulites. The heat production rates are higher in the lithologies where K, U and Th are also higher, varying from 0,58 to 5,57 {mu}W m{sup -3}. The coverage areas of such lithologies are, however, small compared with that of the metatonalitic granulites, metamonzonitic granulites and sienites where the rates vary from 0,10 to 1,44 {mu}W m{sup -3}, 0,23 to 5,55 {mu}W m{sup -3} and 0,60 to 2,24 {mu}W m{sup -3}, respectively. In this case, the heat production rates vary from 0,10 to 1,44 {mu}W m{sup -3}. The basic granulites have the smaller rates, from 0,06 to 0,36 {mu}W m-3. The observation of the lithologies in the margins of the two basins suggest that, in the bedrock under the younger sediments, may predominate the metatonalites, followed by the metamonzonites, with some significant participation of sienites in the Almada basin. In those lithologies, the volumetric heat production rates, with one standard deviation range, are 0,41 +- 0,30 {mu}W m{sup -3} for metatonalites, 0,71 +- 0,57 {mu}W m{sup -3} for metamonzonites and 1,20 +- 0,51 {mu}W m{sup -3} for sienites. (author)

  4. Participatory Rapid Appraisal (PRA) approach in cases of relationship between the oil industries with fishing communities: the case of El Paso in the Basin of Camamu, Almada, Bahia, Brazil; Abordagem do Diagnostico Rapido Participativo (DRP) em processos de relacionamento entre a industria petrolifera e as comunidades pesqueiras: o caso da El Paso na Bacia de Camamu, Almada, Bahia, Brasil

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    Diogo, Hugo; Figueira, Luciara; Prysthon, Adriano; Pinho, Milena; Link, Monica [SOMA Solucoes em Meio Ambiente Ltda., Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Ribeiro, Fatima [El Paso Oleo e Gas do Brasil Ltda., Natal, RN (Brazil); Ortiz, Marcos [Com Junto Ltda. (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This article is based on an assessment that indicates the low effectiveness of the actions and programmes of social responsibility to the less impact than in business and should not build the value they expected. Focussing on this issue in cases of relationship between oil and gas companies with fishing communities, the scene of conflict is chronic and there is a fragile relationship in terms of confidence. It has been further that the approaches and methods commonly used are not properly aligned to the realities and characteristics of artisanal fisheries. In this context, we present an innovative process of relationship between the company El Paso Oil and Gas of Brazil and fishing communities in the region of Baixo-Sul, Bahia. The strategy used effectively consolidated the relationship of confidence between the company and the fishing communities around the area of exploration, rescuing the self-esteem, alleviate the marginalisation and making visible a productive sector of extreme importance. Furthermore, the capabilities and skills, both communities as the government and other companies to take more solid and ongoing commitments in the process of co-management require specific efforts in the strengthening of an institutional arrangement and the formation of social capital to continue advancing in concept work. (author)

  5. The Tinhare-Boipeba-Camamu reefs, Bahia, Brazil; Os recifes de Tinhare-Boipeba-Camamu, Bahia, Brasil

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    Kikuchi, Ruy K.P.; Oliveira, Marilia D.M.; Leao, Zelinda M.A.N. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Silva, Rafael M. [AguaViva (Brazil); Martins, Pedro M.R. [El Paso Oleo e Gas, Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The coastal zone and continental shelf along Morro de Sao Paulo to Itacare, despite having a great quantity of reefs, have only received a closer attention on this aspect in the last 5 years. Until then, there was only one scientific reference published by Charles F. Hartti, more than a century ago, in his work Geology and Physical Geography of Brazil. The beginning of petroleum exploration in Camamu-Almada Basin demanded a great effort to enhance knowledge of the reef ecosystem in the area. The assessments developed by El Paso since 2002, used visual censuses in band and line intercept transects, organized in the AGRRA and PETRORISCO protocols. Nowadays we have a detailed digital map of the reefs, as part of a GIS, containing information about reef vitality, that include reefs attached to the coast and reef Banks of the region in the vicinity of Pratigi, once known only to fishermen. This article presents a overview of the reefs mapped and its vitality described up to now. (author)

  6. Orogeny, shear zones, Continental break-Up And 3-D strain relationships. The tectonic history of the Almada sedimentary Basin, Bahia, Brazil; Relacoes entre orogenos, zonas de cisalhamento, quebra continental e deformacoes 3-D. A historia tectonica da Bacia Sedimentar de Almada, Bahia

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    Correa-Gomes, Luiz Cesar [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Aplicadas; Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Dept. de Geologia]. E-mails: gomes@cefetba.br, lccgomes@ufba.br; Dominguez, Jose Maria Landim; Barbosa, Johildo Salomao Figueiredo; Silva, Idney Cavalcanti da; Pinto, Moises Vieira [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Campus de Ondina, Salvador (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Dept. de Geologia]. E-mails: jose_landim@uol.com.br; johildo@cpgg.ufba.br; idney25@ig.com.br; geofisica.ufba@gmail.com

    2005-12-15

    The Almada Basin is a geometric out-pattern member in the group the onshore coastline sedimentary basins of the Bahia State and neighborhoods. This basin differs from the traditional elongated-shape trending Camamu and Reconcavo-Tucano-Jatoba basins, and shows a compact rhombohedral arrangement following N45 deg, N90 deg, N120 deg e N-S structural lineaments. This shape directly or indirectly reflects a specific geological history influenced by the paleoproterozoic and neo proterozoic orogeny, neo proterozoic shear zones and mesozoic super continent break-up. Several sets of fault and fractures were kinematically studied inside and around the basin, and the main stress tensors obtained using inversion methods. The structural study of the Almada Basin allowed to recognize that: the initial tectonic activity was controlled by normal faults, with orthorhombic-rhombohedral 3-D extensional strain pattern, followed by trans tensional ones characterizing the Almada Basin as a poly phasic tectonic basin, and during the transtensive phase this basin was affected by at least two almost orthogonal extensional events, indicating a possible {sigma}{sub 1} orientation inversion during its formation and tectonic evolution. These data are crucial for prospecting groundwater and hydrocarbon in the basin onshore and offshore areas. (author)

  7. Ecological interactions of sea sponges (Animalia, Porifera according to artisanal fishermen from Camamu Bay, Bahia, Brazil

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    Loyana Docio

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article represents the first ethnospongiological study in Brazil, and it aimed at recording artisanal fishermen’s knowledge about sea sponges and their ecological interactions. The study was carried out in the Ilha do Contrato community at Camamu Bay, Bahia State, Brazil. The data were obtained by means of open-ended interviews and projective tests, and followed the usual techniques of ethnographic surveys. The interviewees had knowledge regarding ecological interactions among fish, sea sponges and sponge endofaunal composition. According to the results, there is some congruence between folk wisdom and scientific knowledge. The importance of integrating local knowledge into management and conservation plans designed for the Camamu Bay region, as well as the set of data on ecology of reef communities, should be considered.

  8. Parasites of the mangrove mussel Mytella guyanensis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae in Camamu Bay, Bahia, Brazil

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    LO. Ceuta

    Full Text Available This contribution reports the parasites found in the mangrove mussel Mytella guyanensis in Camamu Bay, Bahia, Brazil. Samples were collected monthly from September 2006 through October 2007. A total of 460 individuals were collected, fixed in Davidson's solution, and processed by standard histological techniques, and the sections were stained with Harris hematoxylin and eosin (H&E. The water temperature ranged from 23.5 to 31.6 ºC, and the salinity from 25 to 37‰. Microscopic analysis showed Rickettsia-like organisms (RLOs, Nematopsis sp. (Apicomplexa, and Platyhelminthes, including a turbellarian, sporocysts of Bucephalus sp., metacercariae, and metacestodes of Tylocephalum sp. Parasites were observed mainly in the gills, mantle, and digestive gland. The prevalence of Nematopsis sp. was 100%, and in heavily infected mussels the tissues of the labial palps were damaged. RLOs occurred in high prevalence and intensity of infection in some periods. The digenean sporocysts showed moderate prevalence but high intensity of infection, and caused parasitic castration. In general, there was no significant spatial or temporal variation (p > 0.05 of the parasites, which is probably attributable to the small variations of temperature and salinity in the region.

  9. Parasites of the mangrove mussel Mytella guyanensis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) in Camamu Bay, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceuta, L O; Boehs, G

    2012-08-01

    This contribution reports the parasites found in the mangrove mussel Mytella guyanensis in Camamu Bay, Bahia, Brazil. Samples were collected monthly from September 2006 through October 2007. A total of 460 individuals were collected, fixed in Davidson's solution, and processed by standard histological techniques, and the sections were stained with Harris hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). The water temperature ranged from 23.5 to 31.6 ºC, and the salinity from 25 to 37‰. Microscopic analysis showed Rickettsia-like organisms (RLOs), Nematopsis sp. (Apicomplexa), and Platyhelminthes, including a turbellarian, sporocysts of Bucephalus sp., metacercariae, and metacestodes of Tylocephalum sp. Parasites were observed mainly in the gills, mantle, and digestive gland. The prevalence of Nematopsis sp. was 100%, and in heavily infected mussels the tissues of the labial palps were damaged. RLOs occurred in high prevalence and intensity of infection in some periods. The digenean sporocysts showed moderate prevalence but high intensity of infection, and caused parasitic castration. In general, there was no significant spatial or temporal variation (p > 0.05) of the parasites, which is probably attributable to the small variations of temperature and salinity in the region.

  10. Interações ecológicas de esponjas marinhas (Animalia, Porifera) segundo pescadores artesanais da Baía de Camamu, Bahia, Brasil

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    Loyana Docio; Márcio Amorim Tolentino-Lima; Eraldo Medeiros Costa-Neto; Ricardo Jucá-Chagas; Ulisses Pinheiro

    2010-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n3p181 O presente artigo se constitui no primeiro registro etnoespongiológico para o Brasil, tendo o objetivo de registrar conhecimentos locais que pescadores artesanais possuem sobre interações ecológicas de poríferos. O estudo foi realizado na comunidade da Ilha do Contrato, Baía de Camamu, Bahia. Para a coleta de dados, utilizaram-se técnicas usuais de registro etnográfico, envolvendo entrevista semi-estruturada e testes projetivos. Os partici...

  11. Interações ecológicas de esponjas marinhas (Animalia, Porifera segundo pescadores artesanais da Baía de Camamu, Bahia, Brasil

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    Loyana Docio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n3p181 O presente artigo se constitui no primeiro registro etnoespongiológico para o Brasil, tendo o objetivo de registrar conhecimentos locais que pescadores artesanais possuem sobre interações ecológicas de poríferos. O estudo foi realizado na comunidade da Ilha do Contrato, Baía de Camamu, Bahia. Para a coleta de dados, utilizaram-se técnicas usuais de registro etnográfico, envolvendo entrevista semi-estruturada e testes projetivos. Os participantes da pesquisa revelaram conhecimentos sobre as relações ecológicas existentes entre peixes, esponjas e composição endofaunal de poríferos. Observa-se que há congruência entre o conhecimento popular e o científico. A importância de integrar o conhecimento local em planos de manejo e conservação pensados para a área da Baía de Camamu, bem como o conjunto de dados sobre ecologia de comunidades recifais devem ser considerados.

  12. Patterns of stress field orientations, structures, basement structural heritage and tectonic evolution of the Camamu and Reconcavo South Basins, Palm Tree's coastline, Bahia, Brazil; Padroes de orientacao dos campos de tensao, estruturas, heranca do embasamento e evolucao tectonica das bacias de Camamu e porcao sul do Reconcavo, Costa do Dende, Bahia

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    Correa-Gomes, Luiz Cesar [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Aplicadas]. E-mails: gomes@cefetba.br, lccgomes@ufba.br; Dominguez, Jose Maria Landim; Barbosa, Johildo Salomao Figueiredo; Silva, Idney Cavalcanti da; Pinto, Moises Vieira [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Campus de Ondina, Salvador, BA (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias. Dept. de Geologia]. E-mails: jose_landim@uol.com.br; johildo@cpgg.ufba.br; idney25@ig.com.br

    2005-12-15

    The Camamu and Reconcavo South Basins are located near the passive continental margin of the Bahia State, Brazil, and have high potential for hydrocarbon exploration. In these basins and surrounding basement, brittle and ductile structures were studied, which resulted in 3D stress field orientations by use of inversion methods. From this study, the following results are relevant: important control of the basement structural heritage on the basin formation and evolution; local strike-inversion of {sigma}{sub 1} and {sigma}{sub 3} orientations in transtensive settings; vertical {sigma}{sub 1} typical of extensional regime precedes sub horizontal {sigma}{sub 1} of transtensive one; in relation to basin's long axes, at least four main horizontal {sigma}{sub 1} orientations were obtained, involving parallel, orthogonal and two diagonal sets. This could be related to: parallel and orthogonal flexural stress due to the sedimentary load, local elastic rebound of fault blocks, stress channeling, density contrasts between oceanic and continental crusts and ridge pull of the adjacent oceanic plate; diagonals, due to a combination of first order regional and second order local stress fields. This suggest that the continental margin of the Bahia State evolves from a typical passive into a transtensive margin, with transpressive regime that have been observed in some places, in a classical evolution of the Wilson Cycle. (author)

  13. Representações sociais dos moradores da Baía de Camamu sobre o Filo Porifera Social representations of Camamu Bay, Brazil, inhabitants of the Phylum Porífera

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    Loyana Docio

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta uma pesquisa que teve o objetivo de traçar um perfil das representações sociais dos moradores de três localidades da Baía de Camamu, Estado da Bahia, sobre o Filo Porifera. O foco nos poríferos foi motivado pela grande biomassa de esponjas no fenômeno de arribação da baía e ausência de pesquisas sobre esses animais na área do ensino. A metodologia esteve pautada nas representações sociais, pois conhecimentos (reconstruídos na vivência de um local característico, como o apresentado por esse ambiente, permitem desenhar perspectivas que subsidiam o ensino de Ciências, por exemplo, no tratamento dos obstáculos epistemológicos à aprendizagem de conceitos científicos. Foram realizadas sessenta entrevistas semiestruturadas, vinte em cada lugarejo (Ilha do Contrato, Barra Grande e Ilha dos Tubarões. Os dados foram organizados em categorias que resultaram num perfil de conhecimentos sobre os seguintes aspectos dos poríferos: estado vital, origem, taxonomia, ecologia, anatomia, fisiologia, utilidade antrópica e espongose.This study established a profile of social representations by inhabitants in three locations in Camamu Bay (state of Bahia of the Phylum Porifera. Among other reasons, the focus on Porifera is due to its significant biomass ascertained in the bay region's migration phenomenon and the lack of research on these animals in education. The methodology used was based on social representations because when knowledge is (rebuilt from experience of a location with a characteristic profile is compared to scientific knowledge, it is possible to draw perspectives for Science education, such as the epistemological obstacles to the learning of scientific concepts. Sixty semi-structured interviews were carried out, twenty in each place (Ilha do Contrato, Barra Grande, and Ilha dos Tubarões. The gathered data was organized into categories that outlined a profile of knowledge that includes characteristics such

  14. Almada en la ciudad: ¿encargo u obra?

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    Ellen W. Sapega

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1969, mientras que preparaba lo que sería su última obra, el panel “Começar”, que decora el atrio de la Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Almada Negreiros observó que hay dos clases de obras: las que pretendemos como obras de todos y las que son encargadas para que se queden en la pared. Ningún otro artista portugués del siglo XX tuvo más encargos que Almada. Sus incursiones en el arte público, sus representaciones de un cierto cotidiano portugués, se encuentran esparcidas por la ciudad en forma de murales, vitrales, tapices, etc. En el presente ensayo, analizo el vocabulario visual de algunos de los ejemplos más significativos de este arte producido por Almada con el fin de determinar cuáles pertenecen, quizá, a la categoría de simple “encargo” y cuáles se pueden entender como “obra de todos”. El éxito de estas radica, bajo mi punto de vista, en su capacidad de expresar la calidad de una cultura “vernácula” que consiste, sobretodo, en comunicar una sensación “viva” (coloquial y presente de la experiencia.

  15. Detection of Perkinsus marinus in the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae in southern Bahia by proteomic analysis

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    Thiago Ramos Pinto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the presence of the pathogen Perkinsus marinus, notifiable to the World Organization for Animal Health (Office International des Èpizooties = OIE in the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae in southern Bahia via proteomic analysis. We analyzed Crassostrea brasiliana from a long-line cultivation system and C. rhizophorae from an adjacent mangrove in Porto do Campo, Camamu Bay, Bahia, Brazil. The collections (n = 100 were performed in October 2012. In the laboratory, the oysters were measured and opened to remove the meat, which was steeped in dry ice. For extraction of proteins, adaptation of a protocol used for mussels was used, after which separation in the first dimension was taken by isoelectric focusing (IEF. The peptides were transferred to a Mass Spectrometer. The obtained spectra were analyzed with the ProteinLynx Global Server 4.2 software tool and also by MASCOT (Matrix Science and compared to the databases of the SWISSPROT and NCBI, respectively. The identification was evidenced by beta-tubulin, Perkinsus marinus ATCC 50983 and protein homology code in the database NCBI = gi | 294889481. This is the first record of P. marinus in Bahia and the fourth in Brazil.

  16. Correção de dados de temperatura de fundo de poço (TFP)

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    Cavalcante, Anderson Gusmão; Argollo, Roberto Max de; Carvalho, Humberto Da Silva

    2004-01-01

    577 medidas de temperatura de fundo de poço (TFP) oriundas de 207 poços distribuídos pelas bacias sedimentares do Recôncavo, Camamu, Almada, Cumuruxatiba e Jequitinhonha, Bahia, Brasil, foram corrigidas para obter-se as temperaturas estáticas das respectivas formações. A metodologia utilizada para correção destas temperaturas consistiu no uso da Eq.(1) resolvida numericamente quando os dados apresentavam dois ou mais registros de temperatura numa mesma profundidade (método das integrais expon...

  17. ANÁLISE DA PAISAGEM DA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO ALMADA (BA COM BASE NA FRAGMENTAÇÃO DA VEGETAÇÃO

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    Maria Eugênia Bruck de Moraes

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo da fragmentação da paisagem em uma bacia é de extrema importância por avaliar o status de conservação da vegetação, um recurso essencial para a manutenção da qualidade da água. O presente trabalho apresenta uma análise da fragmentação da paisagem na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Almada, localizada no sul da Bahia, abrangendo 9 municípios parcialmente abastecidos pela água desta bacia. Foi realizado o mapeamento dos fragmentos florestais que apresentaram área mínima de 3ha, com base na interpretação da Carta de Uso e Cobertura do Solo elaborada através da classificação supervisionada de imagens Landsat. Para a análise dos fragmentos foram adotadas 5 métricas da paisagem: tamanho, formato, efeito de borda, isolamento e conectividade. Os resultados obtidos demonstram que a BHRA ainda abriga fragmentos bastante representativos, visto que dos 58 fragmentos identificados, 8 têm área acima de 300ha, 20 entre 100 e 300ha, 21 entre 30 e 100ha e 9 entre 3 e 30ha. Com relação ao formato dos fragmentos, constatou-se que apenas 10% dos mesmos apresentam forma circular, indicando que os 90% restantes encontram-se susceptíveis ao efeito de borda, sendo que os mais alongados estão localizados no interior da bacia, provavelmente em função do avanço da pecuária extensiva nessa direção. E quanto ao isolamento dos fragmentos, a análise da conectividade com borda expandida, através de simulações, permitiu identificar que a partir da distância de 200m, 31 dos fragmentos poderiam ser conectados. Assim, pôde-se concluir que o somatório destes fragmentos, caso fossem devidamente conectados, representaria uma área de significativo valor para a conservação de espécies típicas da mata atlântica e, consequentemente, para a manutenção da qualidade da água desta bacia.

  18. Slope, Scarp and Sea Cliff Instability Susceptibility Mapping for Planning Regulations in Almada County, Portugal

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    Marques, Fernando; Queiroz, Sónia; Gouveia, Luís; Vasconcelos, Manuel

    2017-12-01

    In Portugal, the modifications introduced in 2008 and 2012 in the National Ecological Reserve law (REN) included the mandatory study of slope instability, including slopes, natural scarps, and sea cliffs, at municipal or regional scale, with the purpose of avoiding the use of hazardous zones with buildings and other structures. The law also indicates specific methods to perform these studies, with different approaches for slope instability, natural scarps and sea cliffs. The methods used to produce the maps required by REN law, with modifications and improvements to the law specified methods, were applied to the 71 km2 territory of Almada County, and included: 1) Slope instability mapping using the statistically based Information Value method validated with the landslide inventory using ROC curves, which provided an AAC=0.964, with the higher susceptibility zones which cover at least 80% of the landslides of the inventory to be included in REN map. The map was object of a generalization process to overcome the inconveniences of the use of a pixel based approach. 2) Natural scarp mapping including setback areas near the top, defined according to the law and setback areas near the toe defined by the application of the shadow angle calibrated with the major rockfalls which occurred in the study area; 3) Sea cliffs mapping including two levels of setback zones near the top, and one setback zone at the cliffs toe, which were based on systematic inventories of cliff failures occurred between 1947 and 2010 in a large scale regional littoral monitoring project. In the paper are described the methods used and the results obtained in this study, which correspond to the final maps of areas to include in REN. The results obtained in this study may be considered as an example of good practice of the municipal authorities in terms of solid, technical and scientifically supported regulation definitions, hazard prevention and safe and sustainable land use management.

  19. Los ladrilleros, los perros y nosotros a la vera de un camino arrasado : Selva Almada (2013): Ladrilleros. Buenos Aires, Editorial Mar Dulce, pp. 232.

    OpenAIRE

    Iriart Urruty, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    La novela Ladrilleros, de Selva Almada comienza así: “La vuelta al mundo quedó vacía, sin embargo las sillas siguen balanceándose despacito. Será el aire del amanecer” (2013: 9). El Pájaro Tamai y Marciano Miranda, hijos de dos familias de ladrilleros, están muriéndose tendidos en el piso de un parque de diversiones. Asistimos a una escena de muerte desde el principio. Entre alucinaciones y desvanecimientos comienza la hilaridad de la trama, una compleja combinación de diferentes planos que v...

  20. Sedimentology and palaeontology of the Upper Jurassic Puesto Almada Member (Cañadón Asfalto Formation, Fossati sub-basin), Patagonia Argentina: Palaeoenvironmental and climatic significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabaleri, Nora G.; Benavente, Cecilia A.; Monferran, Mateo D.; Narváez, Paula L.; Volkheimer, Wolfgang; Gallego, Oscar F.; Do Campo, Margarita D.

    2013-10-01

    Six facies associations are described for the Puesto Almada Member at the Cerro Bandera locality (Fossati sub-basin). They correspond to lacustrine, palustrine, and pedogenic deposits (limestones); and subordinated alluvial fan, fluvial, aeolian, and pyroclastic deposits. The lacustrine-palustrine depositional setting consisted of carbonate alkaline shallow lakes surrounded by flooded areas in a low-lying topography. The facies associations constitute four shallowing upward successions defined by local exposure surfaces: 1) a Lacustrine-Palustrine-pedogenic facies association with a 'conchostracan'-ostracod association; 2) a Palustrine facies association representing a wetland subenvironment, and yielding 'conchostracans', body remains of insects, fish scales, ichnofossils, and palynomorphs (cheirolepidiacean species and ferns growing around water bodies, and other gymnosperms in more elevated areas); 3) an Alluvial fan facies association indicating the source of sediment supply; and 4) a Lacustrine facies association representing a second wetland episode, and yielding 'conchostracans', insect ichnofossils, and a palynoflora mainly consisting of planktonic green algae associated with hygrophile elements. The invertebrate fossil assemblage found contains the first record of fossil insect bodies (Insecta-Hemiptera and Coleoptera) for the Cañadón Asfalto Formation. The succession reflects a mainly climatic control over sedimentation. The sedimentary features of the Puesto Almada Member are in accordance with an arid climatic scenario across the Upper Jurassic, and they reflect a strong seasonality with periods of higher humidity represented by wetlands and lacustrine sediments.

  1. Estuarine and marine brachyuran crabs (Crustácea: Decapoda from Bahía, Brazil: checklist and zoogeographical considerations Cangrejos braquiuros estuarinos y marinos (Crustácea: Decapoda de Bahia, Brasil: lista de especies y consideraciones zoogeográficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre O. de Almeida

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The coast of the state of Bahia in eastern Brazil comprises more than 12% of tire entire Brazilian coast. However, the crustacean fauna of this area still remains poorly known, especially the shallow-water fauna. We provide here a list of 162 brachyuran crustaceans known for the Bahia coast, based on published records as well as material deposited in the Carcinological Collection of the Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Bahia. The list includes estuarine and marine species (from coastal beaches to the continental shelf and slope that have been reported at least once in the study area. Regarding longitudinal distribution patterns, five species are circum-tropical, nine are amphi-Atlantic, and two are amphi-American. The portunid Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867 is an introduced Indo-West Pacific species. The remaining 145 species are native to the western Atlantic; 17 of these are endemic to Brazil. A total of 46 species (28.4% have the southernmost limit of their known ranges in the western Atlantic between Bahia and the state of Rio de Janeiro, which suggests, for this group, the existence of a wide transition area between the Brazilian and Paulista zoogeographic provinces. Finally, two small range extensions in the western Atlantic are reported: the hymenosomatid Elamena gordonae Monod, 1956 from Camamu Bay (13°54'14"S to Nova Vicosa (17°53'00.9"S, and the sesarmid Sesarma curaçãoense De Man, 1892 from Ilhéus (15°04'58.6"S to Mucuri (18°05'38'S.La costa del Estado de Bahia, situado en el este de Brasil, comprende más del 12% de la costa brasileña. Sin embargo, la fauna de crustáceos de esta area aún se encuentra pobremente conocida, sobretodo aquella de aguas someras. Se presenta una lista de 162 especies de crustáceos braquiuros conocidos de esta costa, en base a registros publicados y al material depositado en la Colección Carcinológica de la Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Bahia. La lista

  2. Sobradinho, Bahia. Meeting lost identity

    OpenAIRE

    Falsarella, Ana Maria; de Blasis, Eloísa Barbosa; Garcia, Maria Guillermina

    2006-01-01

    Sobradinho is a new city that was created when a dam of the same name was built by Hidrelétrica de São Francisco, in 1973; it became an incorporated municipality in 1989. It is located in the north of the state of Bahia and entered the Better Municipal Education Program (Programa Melhoria da Educação do Município) in 2003, when the team at the Municipal Secretariat of Education took part in a meeting in Juazeiro. The biggest contribution of Programa Melhoria was a proposal to develop educatio...

  3. Experiência de monitoramento participativo a bordo de embarcações da pesca artesanal no Território da Cidadania do Baixo Sul da Bahia, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscilla Nogueira Malafaia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A pilot experience of participatory monitoring and biological sampling realized by artisanal fishermen on-board their vessels was conducted between January 2011 and April 2012 in a Territory of Citizenship of Southern Bahia. The approach adopted aimed at including fishermen in the research process, valuing traditional knowledge and also ensuring the acquisition of biological data of difficult access on the spawning of reef fish caught in reproductive aggregation sites distant from the coast. The action was developed through the integration of collaborating fishermen within the research. Two masters of the artisanal handline fishing, recognized as experts in the communities of Valença and Camamu, have benefited from research grants by the state foundation for research supporting – FAPESB. The collaborating masters and crews of vessels were qualified and involved in the monitoring process, collecting information on-board about catches, fishing effort, exploited areas (fishing spots, biometrics and stages of sexual maturation. Monthly orientation and monitoring supervision of collaborating fishermen were conducted by researchers and technicians from the State University of Feira de Santana (UEFS and the agricultural development agency of Bahia state (EBDA. A total of 56 handline fishing operations from 24 fishing spots were monitored; 26 taxa were recorded during these fisheries, 3,271 fishes were measured and weighed, and 149 gonads were collected. The evaluation of the approach was based on qualitative parameters: 1 engagement and collaboration in the activity, 2 efficiency and consistency in data collection, filling out the forms and classification of gonads. The main challenge of the proposed approach is the perception of the fishermen about the relevance of participatory monitoring to promote the construction of knowledge about the fishery and the reproductive dynamics of fisheries resources. A continuous action is considered essential to

  4. AVALIAÇÃO DA QUALIDADE SANITÁRIA DA ÁGUA NA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO ALMADA – BA

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    Gustavo Barreto Franco

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A qualidade das águas superficiais pode refletir deficiências no saneamento básico de sua bacia de drenagem, bem como impactos resultantes da dinâmica de ocupação do solo e das atividades econômicas ali desenvolvidas. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade sanitária da água superficial na bacia hidrográfica do rio Almada, relacionando os resultados ao uso e ocupação do solo. Para tal, foram quantificados os parâmetros coliformes totais e Escherichia coli em amostras de água coletadas em doze pontos de amostragem da bacia, durante cinco campanhas realizadas em 2009 e 2010. Grande parte dos pontos apresentou resultados fora dos padrões estabelecidos pela Resolução CONAMA 357/05, referente a classe 2 para água doce, destacando-se os resultados obtidos nos trechos à jusante de centros urbanos. Os resultados demonstram a necessidade da melhoria da infraestrutura de saneamento e de um planejamento agroambiental nos municípios da bacia.

  5. Etapas de consolidação da paisagem urbana do Porto contemporâneo : da programação dos Almadas ao plano de 1952

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    Nuno Ferreira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to understand and to interpret the solutions of the transformation, permanence, development, reorganization and consolidation processes of the urban matrix of the city of Porto between the second half of the 18th century and the first half of the 20th century.The intrinsic relationships between Porto’s expansion and the newly built areas are clarified through the analysis of the main urbanistic studies and plans, since the action of the Almadas, and, particularly, since the plan implemented by the Board of Public Works of Porto («Junta das Obras Públicas do Porto», from 1763, to the Regulatory Plan for the City of Porto («Plano Regulador da Cidade do Porto»; 1952.The relationships between the succession of plans are analysed, highlighting the evolution of the ways of planning the city, which culminate in a global vision of it, from the perspective of a territorial planning based on the principles of the Modern City.

  6. Space Radar Image of Bahia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This is a color composite image of southern Bahia, Brazil, centered at 15.22 degree south latitude and 39.07 degrees west longitude. The image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on its 38th orbit of Earth on October 2, 1994. The image covers an area centered over the Una Biological Reserve, one the largest protected areas in northeastern Brazil. The 7,000-hectare reserve is administered by the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and is part of the larger Atlantic coastal forest, a narrow band of rain forest extending along the eastern coast of Brazil. The Atlantic coastal forest of southern Bahia is one of the world's most threatened and diverse ecosystems. Due to widespread settlement, only 2 to 5 percent of the original forest cover remains. Yet the region still contains an astounding variety of plants and animals, including a large number of endemic species. More than half of the region's tree species and 80 percent of its animal species are indigenous and found nowhere else on Earth. The Una Reserve is also the only federally protected habitat for the golden-headed lion tamarin, the yellow-breasted capuchin monkey and many other endangered species. In the past few years, scientists from Brazilian and international conservation organizations have coordinated efforts to study the biological diversity of this region and to develop practical and economically viable options for preserving the remaining primary forests in southern Bahia. The shuttle imaging radar is used in this study to identify various land uses and vegetation types, including remaining patches of primary forest, cabruca forest (cacao planted in the understory of the native forest), secondary forest, pasture and coastal mangrove. Standard remote-sensing technology that relies on light reflected from the forest canopy cannot accurately distinguish between cabruca and undisturbed forest. Optical remote sensing is also

  7. I Chemistry Conference of West Bahia

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    Boaz Galdino de Oliveira

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The I Chemistry Conference of West Bahia [1] is an event carried out by the Núcleo de Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão de Química (NEPEQ, and aims to disseminate chemical researches developed on the Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia (UFOB at undergraduate level as well as on the master’s program. This special issue contains some of works presented throughout the JornaQui, such as those from analytical chemistry, natural products, theoretical chemistry, medicinal chemistry, chemistry teaching, spectroscopy, materials science, catalysis and photochemistry. In this context, we would like to highlight the researches of bioactive compounds is by molecular modeling or phytochemistry, studies of intermolecular systems in the infrared spectrum, environmental monitoring by using experimental techniques, new nanocompounds characterized by X-ray diffraction, photochemical degradation organic material, for example. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17807/orbital.v1i1.844

  8. Inequality and School reform in Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiter, Bernd

    2009-07-01

    This article compares public and community schools in Salvador, the state capital of Bahia, Brazil. Based on quantitative data analysis and qualitative research conducted on-site during three research trips in 2001, 2003 and 2005, the author finds that Brazil's extreme inequality and the associated concentration of state power in a few hands stand in the way of an effective reform. In 1999, the state of Bahia started to reform its basic education cycle, but the author's research shows that Bahian elites use access to basic education to defend their inherited privilege. The analysis of community schools further demonstrates that inequality also blocks effective community and parental involvement in school management, as schools tend to distance themselves from neighbourhoods portrayed as poor and black, and thus "dangerous".

  9. Estudo retrospectivo de latrodectismo na Bahia, Brasil

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    Rejâne Maria Lira-da-Silva

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta um estudo retrospectivo de setenta e sete casos de latrodectismo no Estado da Bahia, Brasil, de agosto de 1980 a julho de 1990. Os dados foram levantados nos livros de registro e arquivo de fichas do CIAVE. O agente etiológico em 28% dos acidentes aracnídeos foi a espécie L. curacaviensis e a maior incidência foi registrada no meio urbano (57%, em indivíduos do sexo masculino (70% e faixa etária de 10 a 29 anos (58%. Os principais sinais locais foram dor (56%, pápula eritematosa (21% e edema discreto (17%, e os sistêmicos foram dor em membros inferiores (29%, tremores e contraturas (29%, sudorese (28% parestesia em membros (21% e dor abdominal (17%. O tratamento foi sintomático em 67% dos casos e específico em 21%. O tempo de permanência hospitalar após o uso do soro antilatrodectus foi menor que 24 horas em 64% dos casos.This work is a retrospective study of latrodectism in the State of Bahia, Brazil, from August 1980 to July 1990. The data concerning the accidents were obtained from file cards at the Antivenom Information Center of Bahia (AVICB. Latrodectus curacavienis was the ethiologic agent identified in 28% of the arachnid accidents. The major incidence was registered in urban area (57% affecting men (70% more than women, with 10 to 29year-old age group (58%. Local pain (56%, erythematous papula (29% and light oedema (17% were the principal local symptoms. Pain in the limbs (29%, tremor and rigidities (29%, sweating (28%, limbs and arms paresthesia (21% and abdominal pain (17% were systemic ones. The treatment was mainly symptomatic (67% and antivenin serum was used in 21% of the cases. After serotherapy, 64% of the patients left the hospital within less than 24 hours.

  10. Media, State and Society in Bahia, Brazil

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    Julián Durazo Herrmann

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I seek to assess the role of the media in ongoing subnational democratization processes from a State-in-society perspective. I use the case of Bahia, a state in North-Eastern Brazil, to assess ownership and social access to the media, the media’s autonomy from both the State and social actors as well as how conflicts between public interest and private profit are solved. We will thus understand the role of subnational media in sustaining pluralism and in providing independent sources of information, two critical dimensions of democracy.

  11. Assistência ao nascimento na Bahia oitocentista Assisted birth in 19th century Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Renilda Nery Barreto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo aborda as culturas de assistência ao parto na Bahia oitocentista e trabalha com a hipótese de que, em Salvador, coexistiram duas culturas obstétricas: a dos médicos-parteiros, que faziam uso dos recursos técnicos e cognitivos disponibilizados pela obstetrícia como especialidade médica; e a das tradicionais parteiras, cujo saber era de natureza empírico-sensorial. Apesar de todo o esforço empreendido pelos médicos para angariar a confiança das famílias baianas, as parteiras continuaram hegemônicas na arte de 'aparar' crianças e de tratar das doenças de mulheres. A análise enfoca os segmentos sociais e profissionais que atuaram na assistência ao parto; o papel da Faculdade de Medicina da Bahia na formação e certificação das parteiras; e a utilização dos periódicos como meio de legitimação dos médicos-parteiros; ao tempo em que problematiza a pequena participação das parteiras nesses veículos de comunicação.This paper presents the traditions of assisted childbirth in the Brazilian state of Bahia in the 19th Century and develops the hypothesis that two obstetrical traditions coexisted in the capital, Salvador, namely the doctor-midwives - who used technical resources and knowledge acquired from obstetrics as a medical specialty - and the traditional midwives, whose know-how was purely of an empirical-sensorial nature. Despite all efforts employed by the doctors to win over the confidence of Bahian families, the midwives continued to be predominant in the art of 'delivering' children and treating female illnesses. The analysis focuses on the social and professional segments that were active in assisted birth; the role of the Bahian College of Medicine (Faculdade de Medicina da Bahia in the training and certification of midwives and the use of newspapers as a way to legitimize the doctor-midwives; it also discusses the scant coverage of the midwives in these media.

  12. 33 CFR 165.771 - Safety Zone; Bahia de Ponce, Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Puerto Rico 165.771 Section 165.771 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Zone; Bahia de Ponce, Puerto Rico (a) Location. The following area is established as a safety zone... Bahia de Ponce, on approach to or departure from the Puerto de Ponce waterfront facility in Bahia de...

  13. Estudo retrospectivo de latrodectismo na Bahia, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejâne Maria Lira-da-Silva

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta um estudo retrospectivo de setenta e sete casos de latrodectismo no Estado da Bahia, Brasil, de agosto de 1980 a julho de 1990. Os dados foram levantados nos livros de registro e arquivo de fichas do CIAVE. O agente etiológico em 28% dos acidentes aracnídeos foi a espécie L. curacaviensis e a maior incidência foi registrada no meio urbano (57%, em indivíduos do sexo masculino (70% e faixa etária de 10 a 29 anos (58%. Os principais sinais locais foram dor (56%, pápula eritematosa (21% e edema discreto (17%, e os sistêmicos foram dor em membros inferiores (29%, tremores e contraturas (29%, sudorese (28% parestesia em membros (21% e dor abdominal (17%. O tratamento foi sintomático em 67% dos casos e específico em 21%. O tempo de permanência hospitalar após o uso do soro antilatrodectus foi menor que 24 horas em 64% dos casos.

  14. Correction of bottom-hole temperature data; Correcao de dados de temperatura de fundo de poco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavalcante, Anderson Gusmao [Instituto de Geociencias, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil)], E-mail: agc@cpgg.ufba.br; Argollo, Roberto Max de; Carvalho, Humberto da Silva [Universidade Federal da Bahia (IF/UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa em Geofisica e Geologia. Lab. de Fisica Nuclear Aplicada], E-mails: robmax@ufba.br, dgn@ufba.br

    2004-09-15

    577 registers of bottom-hole temperature (BHT) from 207 wells distributed throughout the Reconcavo, Camamu, Almada, Cumuruxatiba and Jequitinhonha sedimentary basins, Bahia-Brazil, were corrected to obtain true temperatures of the formations. The methodology used to correct these temperatures consisted in using the Eq.(1) numerically resolved as the data set shows two or more registers of temperatures at the same depth (exponential integral method) and in application of the time-depth scheme as we had only one temperature registered per depth. The corrections obtained by the two methods show that the formation static temperatures are 5 to 20 deg C greater than the non-corrected ones. We tested the validity of the time-depth scheme applying the empirical equation developed in this work on the multiple temperature registers taking the higher ones among them. The average geothermal gradient within the basins, obtained with the temperatures corrected by that method, presents a discrepancy of only 2,8% as compared to the one obtained with the corrected data by the exponential integral method, shows that it is a valid method to correct temperatures in the basins studied. The mean geothermal gradient obtained with corrected BHTs within all basins was (27,9 +-2,1) x 10-3 deg C m{sup -1}. (author)

  15. Pesticides: A Perspective of Scientific Production in West of Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingos Santos da Silva

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The use of pesticides has intensified with agricultural modernization process, triggered by the Green Revolution, which brought about changes in the production system, resulting in high social costs, environmental and public health. Brazil is the world's largest consumer of pesticides and assesses that this market will grow even more in the near future. Given the risk that pesticides pose, it was found that there is an urgent need to intensify the studies, as are scarce research in the Northeast and especially in western Bahia. This research aimed to evaluate the scientific literature on pesticides in West of Bahia. Therefore, publications consultation was made in the database Portal.periodicos.Capes with the keywords "West of Bahia" and "Pesticides". The results show that the number of worldwide publications has been growing over the years, representing 98% of the total, while Brazil has only 2% in West of Bahia was not found publication. There are many challenges in front of the dimension that the theme "pesticide" offers. Thus, priorities and strategies for research should be defined, seeking to boost scientific productivity in an attempt to make changes to help chart a way to sustainable development. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17807/orbital.v9i2.909 

  16. Pouzolzia saxophila sp. nov. (Urticaceae tribe Boehmerieae) from Bahia, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilmot-Dear, Christine Melanie; Friis, Ib; Monro, Alex K.

    2015-01-01

    of xerophytic scrub vegetation on rocky outcrops in the Boa Nova National Park, Bahia, Brazil. The new species is somewhat similar to P. pringlei, a Mexican endemic, and to P. amambaiensis from the Brazil–Paraguay border, but also to the widespread Asiatic P. zeylanica. However, the similarities...

  17. Novos registros de Hyphomycetes decompositores para o Estado da Bahia, Brasil New records of Hyphomycetes from Bahia State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Rodrigues Barbosa

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Folhas mortas de Clusia melchiorii Gleason e C. nemorosa G. Mey. foram coletadas bimestralmente na Serra da Jibóia, Bahia, no período de outubro/2005 a junho/2006. As folhas foram lavadas em água corrente e mantidas em câmara-úmida durante 30 dias. As estruturas fúngicas foram coletadas e montadas em lâminas permanentes. São apresentadas descrições e ilustrações de sete novos registros de Hyphomycetes para o Estado da Bahia [Beltrania querna Harkn., Clonostachys compactiuscula (Sacc. D. Hawksw. & W. Gams, Dictyosporium elegans Corda, Gyrothrix verticiclada (Goid. S. Hughes & Piroz., Pseudobotrytis terrestris (Timonin Subram., Sporendocladia bactrospora (W.B. Kendr. M.J. Wingf. e Stachybotrys parvispora S. Hughes].Leaf litter from Clusia melchiorii Gleason and C. nemorosa G. Mey. was collected bimonthly at Serra da Jibóia, state of Bahia, from October/2005 to June/2006. The leaves were washed with tap water and maintained in a moist chamber for 30 days. The fungal structures were collected and mounted in permanent slides with PVL. Descriptions and illustrations of seven new records of Hyphomycetes from Bahia state are presented [Beltrania querna Harkn., Clonostachys compactiuscula (Sacc. D. Hawksw. & W. Gams, Dictyosporium elegans Corda, Gyrothrix verticiclada (Goid. S. Hughes & Piroz., Pseudobotrytis terrestris (Timonin Subram., Sporendocladia bactrospora (W.B. Kendr. M.J. Wingf. and Stachybotrys parvispora S. Hughes].

  18. New species of Cyclodontina from Bahia, Brazil (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Odontostomidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo B. Salvador

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species of pulmonate snail was recently collected in a small forest fragment in the city of Bom Jesus da Lapa, Bahia state, Brazil. Bahia is known for a high diversity of land snails and Bom Jesus da Lapa is an interesting locality, since it is close to the interface between two major Brazilian biomes: Cerrado and Caatinga. The new species is described as Cyclodontina tapuia sp. nov. and can be easily identified by its brown shell, conical spire, convex whorls, a sculpture comprised of strong ribs, and an aperture with four barriers: a median parietal tooth, a median palatal tooth, a median basal tooth and a strong columellar lamella. This discovery is also a reminder of how little the Brazilian continental molluscan fauna is known and of the urgency in studying and preserving the rich (though usually overlooked fauna of the Caatinga.

  19. O golpe de 1964 e a Universidade Federal da Bahia

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    Mauricio Brito

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo investiga a recepção ao golpe de 1964 na Universidade Federal da Bahia. Amparado prioritariamente nas atas de reuniões, enfatiza o posicionamento adotado pelo Reitor e pelo Conselho Universitário de apoio à deposição do Presidente João Goulart. Conclui que o discurso anticomunista encontrou adeptos na cúpula universitária.

  20. [Heart failure mortality trend in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latado, Adriana Lopes; Passos, Luiz Carlos Santana; Guedes, Rodrigo; Santos, Alessandra B; Andrade, Marianna; Moura, Simone

    2005-11-01

    To assess mortality trend due to heart failure (HF) in Salvador--Bahia, from 1979 to 1995. HF was defined by notations from the 9th Review of International Disease Code (IDC9) 428.0, 428.1 and 428.9. HF death and population data (metropolitan area of Salvador) were obtained by means of Secretaria de Saúde da Bahia (Bahia State Health Secretariat) and Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). Mortality rates (/100,000) were total or per gender and age, and gross or adapted per age (straight standardization). Mortality rates due to HF had a progressive reduction in the period of time assessed, for both genders, especially up to 1992. From then and up to 1995, there was an apparent stabilization of the curves. Gross mortality rate went from 25.0/10(5), in 1979, to 16.4/10(5) inhabitants, in 1995 (a decrease of 34.4%). The reduction was 34.0% (23.3/10(5), in 1979, to 15.4/10(5) inhabitants, in 1995) for male sex and 35.2% (26.7/10(5), in 1979, to 17.3/10(5) inhabitants, in 1995), for female sex. The same trend took place in several age ranges, including the population > or = 40 years old, which has a greater risk for HF. After adaptation per age (standard population of 1979), it is observed that relative reductions in the rates were even greater. Mortality due to HF, in Salvador-Bahia, decreased from 1979 to 1992, becoming stable from then to 1995.

  1. Decapod crustaceans in fresh waters of southeastern Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida, Alexandre Oliveira; Coelho, Petrônio Alves; Luz, Joaldo Rocha; dos Santos, José Tiago Almeida; Ferraz, Neyva Ribeiro

    2008-09-01

    A total of 117 species of freshwater decapod crustaceans are known from Brazil. Knowledge regarding the fauna of Decapoda from inland waters in the state of Bahia, northeast Brazil, is incipient. In spite of its wide territory and rich hydrographic net, only 13 species of limnetic decapods have been reported from that state. The objective of this contribution was to survey decapod crustaceans of some hydrographic basins in southeastern Bahia. The material described herein was obtained in samplings conducted between 1997 and 2005. Voucher specimens were deposited in the carcinological collections of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Brazil, and Departamento de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil. A total of 13 species was collected. The carideans were represented by the atyids Atya scabra (Leach, 1815) and Potimirim potimirim (Müller, 1881) and the palaemonids Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836), M. amazonicum (Heller, 1862), M. carcinus (Linnaeus, 1758), M. heterochirus (Wiegmann, 1836), M. jelskii (Miers, 1877), M. olfersi (Wiegmann, 1836), and Palaemon (Palaemon) pandaliformis (Stimpson, 1871). The brachyurans were represented by the portunids Callinectes bocourti A. Milne-Edwards, 1879 and C. sapidus Rathbun, 1895, the trichodactylid Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille, 1828 and the panopeid Panopeus rugosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1881. Macrobrachium heterochirus represents a new record from Bahia, and M. amazonicum is reported for the first time in southeast Bahia. The occurrence of two extreme different forms of T. fluviatilis was observed. Form A is characterized by the frontal margin of carapace bordered by conspicuous granules, the anterolateral margin provided with developed teeth plus granules, and the posterolateral margin provided with granulation similar to that found on the front. In form B the frontal margin is smooth or has an inconspicuous granulation; the anterolateral margin is

  2. Clinical tomographic correlations of 220 patients with neurocisticercosis, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade-Filho, Antônio de Souza; Figuerôa, Luiz Frederico da Silva; Andrade-Souza, Victor Mascarenhas

    2007-02-01

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common parasitic disease in our region, presenting diversity of neurological symptoms and signs. The present study has as primary objective an evaluation of the NCC's clinical and epidemiological profile within Bahia State, by means of a prospective study of 220 patients diagnosed from March 1988 to March 1999, with a follow-up of six months. Exams, such as Computed Cranial Tomography Scan (CT), Cerebral Spine Fluid (CSF) and Electroencephalogram (EEG), were accomplished in three distinct moments of these patients' evolution: at starting or diagnostic point (zero time), at after-intervention period (one month after treatment), and at control period (six months after treatment).

  3. Clinical tomographic correlations of 220 patients with neurocisticercosis, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio de Souza Andrade-Filho

    Full Text Available Neurocysticercosis (NCC is a common parasitic disease in our region, presenting diversity of neurological symptoms and signs. The present study has as primary objective an evaluation of the NCC's clinical and epidemiological profile within Bahia State, by means of a prospective study of 220 patients diagnosed from March 1988 to March 1999, with a follow-up of six months. Exams, such as Computed Cranial Tomography Scan (CT, Cerebral Spine Fluid (CSF and Electroencephalogram (EEG, were accomplished in three distinct moments of these patients' evolution: at starting or diagnostic point (zero time, at after-intervention period (one month after treatment, and at control period (six months after treatment.

  4. Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera,Manuel V.; Peixoto,Rodolfo de M.; Gisele V. Gouveia; Pessoa,Clarice R.M; Jesus,Francielli P.K. de; Janio M. Santurio; Sônia A. Botton; Costa, Mateus M.

    2013-01-01

    A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE) e Bahia (BA), Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de...

  5. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera,Manuel V.; Peixoto,Rodolfo de M.; Gisele V. Gouveia; Pessoa,Clarice R.M; Jesus,Francielli P.K. de; Janio M. Santurio; Sônia A. Botton; Costa, Mateus M.

    2013-01-01

    A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE) e Bahia (BA), Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de...

  6. DOCUMENTING ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE IN BAHIA, BRAZIL, USING SPHERICAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. De Amorim

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The Cultural Heritage disappears at a rate higher than we are able, not only, to restore but also to document: human and natural factors, negligence or worst, deliberate demolitions put in danger the collective Architectural Heritage (AH. According to CIPA statements, the recording is important and has to follow some guidelines. The Architectural and Urban Heritage data have to be historically related, critically assessed and analyzed, before to be organized according to a thematic structure and become available for further uses. This paper shows the experiences developed by the Laboratory of Computer Graphics applied to Architecture and Design (LCAD, at the Architecture School of the Federal University of Bahia (FAUFBA, Brazil, in cooperation with the Università Politecnica delle Marche (UNIVPM, DICEA Department, Italy, in documenting architectural heritage. The research set up now has been carried out in the historical sites of Bahia, as Pelourinho neighborhood, a World Heritage by UNESCO. Other historical sites are in the plan of this survey, like the cities of Lençóis and Mucugê in Chapada Diamantina region. The aim is to build a technological platform based on low cost digital technologies and open source tools, such as Panoramic Spherical Photogrammetry, Spatial Database, Geographic Information Systems, Three-dimensional Geometric Modeling, CAD technology, for the collection, validation and dissemination of AH.

  7. Decapod crustaceans in fresh waters of southeastern Bahia, Brazil

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    Alexandre Oliveira de Almeida

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available A total of 117 species of freshwater decapod crustaceans are known from Brazil. Knowledge regarding the fauna of Decapoda from inland waters in the state of Bahia, northeast Brazil, is incipient. In spite of its wide territory and rich hydrographic net, only 13 species of limnetic decapods have been reported from that state. The objective of this contribution was to survey decapod crustaceans of some hydrographic basins in southeastern Bahia. The material described herein was obtained in samplings conducted between 1997 and 2005. voucher specimens were deposited in the carcinological collections of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Brazil, and Departamento de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil. A total of 13 species was collected. The carideans were represented by the atyids Atya scabra (Leach, 1815 and Potimirim potimirim (Müller, 1881 and the palaemonids Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836, M. amazonicum (Heller, 1862, M. carcinus (Linnaeus, 1758, M. heterochirus (Wiegmann, 1836, M. jelskii (Miers, 1877, M. olfersi (Wiegmann, 1836, and Palaemon (Palaemon pandaliformis (Stimpson, 1871. The brachyurans were represented by the portunids Callinectes bocourti A. Milne-Edwards, 1879 and C. sapidus Rathbun, 1895, the trichodactylid Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille, 1828 and the panopeid Panopeus rugosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1881. Macrobrachium heterochirus represents a new record from Bahia, and M. amazonicum is reported for the first time in southeast Bahia. The occurrence of two extreme different forms of T. fluviatilis was observed. Form A is characterized by the frontal margin of carapace bordered by conspicuous granules, the anterolateral margin provided with developed teeth plus granules, and the posterolateral margin provided with granulation similar to that found on the front. In form B the frontal margin is smooth or has an inconspicuous granulation; the anterolateral

  8. Domestic Dog Invasion in an Agroforestry Mosaic in Southern Bahia, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frigeri, Enrico; Cassano, Camila Righetto; Pardini, Renata

    2014-01-01

    .... Drawing on a camera-trap dataset obtained in 39 sites in an agroforestry mosaic in southern Bahia, Brazil, we investigated whether the conversion of native forests into agroforests and management...

  9. The effects of chronic mercury exposure on the survival, reproduction, and population dynamics of Mysidopsis bahia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gentile, J.H; Gentile, S

    1981-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that M. bahia can be used as a model for evaluating the effects of chronic pollutant exposure on survival patterns, sub-lethal reprodutive responses and populatioon growth rates...

  10. Composition and natural history notes of the coastal snake assemblage from Northern Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Ricardo; Mebert, Konrad; Fonseca, Érica; Rödder, Dennis; Solé, Mirco; Tinôco, Moacir Santos

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Information about the snake diversity and their natural history from the Atlantic forest domain in Brazil refer mostly to inland forests than to coastal region. Within the state of Bahia, this knowledge is concentrated to the southeastern coastal stretch. Herein we report on the diversity of snakes from the restinga, ombrophilous forest and anthropogenic environment from the northern Atlantic coast of Bahia. We sampled nine sites for three years and visited four museum collections. Furthermore, we provide anecdotal natural history information, voucher analyses, literature complements, and a key to fascilitate species identification. We report a total of 774 snakes belonging to 50 species and 23 new distribution records for northeastern coast of Bahia, supplemented by new data on feeding and reproduction. The number of detected species is similar to numbers obtained in comparable studies from other Brazilian ecoregions. This study reports and focuses for the first time on all known species of snakes from the northeastern coast of Bahia. PMID:27594800

  11. Purification of the major group 1 allergen from Bahia grass pollen, Pas n 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drew, Alexander C; Davies, Janet M; Dang, Thanh D; Rolland, Jennifer M; O'Hehir, Robyn E

    2011-01-01

    Group 1 grass pollen allergens are glycoproteins of the β-expansin family. They are a predominant component of pollen and are potent allergens with a high frequency of serum IgE reactivity in grass pollen-allergic patients. Bahia grass is distinct from temperate grasses and has a prolonged pollination period and wide distribution in warmer climates. Here we describe the purification of the group 1 pollen allergen, Pas n 1, from Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), an important subtropical aeroallergen source. Pas n 1 was purified from an aqueous Bahia grass pollen extract by ammonium sulphate precipitation, hydrophobic interaction and size exclusion chromatography, and assessed by one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting and ELISA. Pas n 1 was purified to a single 29-kDa protein band containing two dominant isoforms detected by an allergen-specific monoclonal antibody and serum IgE of a Bahia grass pollen-allergic donor. The frequency of serum IgE reactivity with purified Pas n 1 in 51 Bahia grass pollen-allergic patients was 90.6%. Serum IgE reactivity with purified Pas n 1 was highly correlated with serum IgE reactivity with Bahia grass pollen extract and recombinant Pas n 1 (r = 0.821 and 0.913, respectively). Pas n 1 is a major allergen reactive at high frequency with serum IgE of Bahia grass pollen-allergic patients. Purified natural Pas n 1 has utility for improved specific diagnosis and immunotherapy for Bahia grass pollen allergy. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. Transitoriedade e liquidez: o lugar mestiço em Luanda Beira Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Grossi Alvarenga

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende analisar o romance Luanda Beira Bahia, de Adonias Filho, tentando refletir sobre o “lugar mestiço” na sociedade brasileira contemporânea, tendo como base algumas teorias desenvolvidas por autores como Zygmunt Bauman e Dalmir Francisco.Palavras-chave: Luanda Beira Bahia; Adonias Filho; Dalmir Francisco; Mestiço; Transição.

  13. REDES DO COMÉRCIO DE RUA DE SALVADOR, BAHIA

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    Ana Cláudia Nogueira Maia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo representa un estudio de caso de comercio de la calle que se produce en la Centralización Iguatemi y Avenida Lima e Silva, en Salvador, Bahia. Al caminar por las calles es la diversidad notable que esta actividad presenta son bienes de todo tipo, ropa, electrónica, productos alimenticios y los que están diseñados para satisfacer una necesidad momentánea. Buscamos entender el camino que lleva a la diversidad bienes desde la producción hasta el consumo, se analizan los productos de “extranjero” en un intento de controlar todo el trayecto del camino para ellos. Por lo tanto, desarrollamos un entendimiento en torno a redes posibles formados detrás de la venta ambulante, es decir, las redes de suministro de este comercio.

  14. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection among pregnant women in Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebouças, E C; Dos Santos, E L; Do Carmo, M L S; Cavalcante, Z; Favali, C

    2011-11-01

    Infection by Toxoplasma gondii represents a risk to fetal development during pregnancy. In this study, the serological profile of pregnant women from different regions of Bahia, Brazil, was determined. Tests were conducted at LACEN-BA (Salvador, Brazil). The mean age of the women was 24.5 years (±7.41 years) and 56.4% were positive for IgG and negative for IgM specific for T. gondii. Seronegative women represented 35.9% of the total (IgG- and IgM-negative) and inconclusive results comprised 4%. Differences were observed in distinct regions. Therefore, a preventive action must be reinforced in specific regions aimed at early diagnosis to minimise the risk of congenital toxoplasmosis development. Copyright © 2011 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Cacao breeding in Bahia, Brazil - strategies and results

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    Uilson Vanderlei Lopes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cacao was introduced in Bahia in 1756, becoming later the largest producer state in the country. In order to supportthe planting of cacao in the region, a breeding program was established by CEPEC at the beginning of the 1970s. For a long time,the program consisted in testing new hybrids (full-sibs and releasing a mixture of the best ones to farmers. Lately, particularly afterthe witches´ broom arrival in the region, in 1989, recurrent breeding strategies were implemented, aiming mainly the developmentof clones. From 1993 to 2010, more than 500 progenies, accumulating 30 thousand trees, were developed by crossing many parentswith resistance to witches´ broom, high yield and other traits. In this period, more than 500 clones were put in trials and 39 clonesand 3 hybrids were released to farmers. In this paper the strategies and results achieved by the program are reviewed. Overall theprogram has good interface with pathology and genomic programs.

  16. Healing with animals in Feira de Santana City, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa-Neto, E M

    1999-06-01

    This paper discusses the use of animals prescribed as medicines by herbalists from Feira de Santana city in the State of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Data were obtained by undergraduates of the Biology course of Feira de Santana State University, who performed open interviews with herbalists at Centro de Abastecimento, the main local market. The medicinally used faunistic resources are echinoderms, arthropods, fish, reptiles, birds and mammals. Folk remedies are administered as teas, syrups or plasters. Respiratory affections predominated and fat was the most common zootherapeutic. It was observed that some of the useful species are in danger of extinction. It is suggested that the rearing of these species in traditional farming systems will allow their conservation, while at the same time they will also results in people's life improvement. Traditional knowledge on folk medicine is to be studied in order to lead to the discovery of new sources of drugs.

  17. Envenenamento por Tityus stigmurus (Scorpiones; Buthidae no Estado da Bahia, Brasil Envenomation by Tityus stigmurus (Scorpiones; Buthidae in Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejâne Maria Lira-da-Silva

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available A presente investigação é um estudo descritivo dos aspectos clínicos dos acidentes causados pelo escorpião Tityus stigmurus no Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Foram analisados 237 casos confirmados, tratados pelo Centro de Informações Antiveneno da Bahia (CIAVE, no período de 1982-1995. O envenenamento por T. stigmurus caracterizou-se por manifestações locais: dor (94,4%, dormência (30%, edema (17,8%, eritema (17,8% e parestesia (15,6% e gerais: cefaléia (14%, vômitos (4,4% e sudorese (3,3%. A maioria dos envenenamentos (94% foi leve e todos evoluíram para cura. A ausência de letalidade, com o restabelecimento dos pacientes, inclusive casos graves, sugere a eficácia do tratamento com o antiveneno específico, apesar do veneno desta espécie não estar presente no pool de produção nacional do soro. Há necessidade de revisão dos critérios regionais nos esquemas atuais de soroterapia. Os dados apontam para a semelhança da gravidade do envenenamento por T. serrulatus, com exceção da ocorrência de óbitos e complicações sistêmicas.The present investigation is a descriptive study regarding the clinical aspects of accidents caused by the scorpion Tityus stigmurus in Bahia, Brazil. We analyzed 237 confirmed cases treated by the Antivenom Information Centre (CIAVE from 1982 to 1995. Envenomation by T. stigmurus was mainly characterized by local symptoms: pain (94.4%, dormancy (30.0%, edema (17.8%, erythema (17.8, paresthesia (15.6% and general manifestations such as headache (4.4%, vomiting (4.4% and sudoresis (3.3%. Most of the envenomation cases were mild (94% and all were successfully cured. Although T. stigmurus venom is not in the pool of anti-venom serum (SAE, the absence of lethality and benign nature of the cases suggest the efficiency of SAE. With the exception of deaths and systemic complications, envenoming gravity was similar to those of Tityus serrulatus.

  18. Capanemia Barb. Rodr. (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae, a new record from Bahia state, Brazil Capanemia Barb. Rodr. (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae, uma nova ocorrência para o estado da Bahia, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Roberto Buzatto

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Capanemia Barb. Rodr. is recorded for the first time from Bahia state. The presence of two species broadens the known area of occurrence of the genus, establishing a new setentrional distribution limit.Capanemia Barb. Rodr. é registrado pela primeira vez para o Estado da Bahia. A presença de duas espécies estende a área de ocorrência conhecida para o gênero, estabelecendo um novo limite setentrional de sua distribuição.

  19. Infecção natural de Equus asinus por Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis - Bahia, Brasil Natural infection of Equus asinus by Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis - Bahia, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Julio A. Vexenat; Air C. Barretto; Ana de Cassia O. Rosa; Christiane C. Sales; Albino V. Magalhães

    1986-01-01

    Em Corte de Pedra, Valença, Bahia, foi encontrado um jumento (Equus asinus), com infecção natural por Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis. O parasito foi isolado de uma lesão localizada na cicatriz da castração e identificado através de anticorpos monoclonais.In Corte de Pedra, Valença, state of Bahia, a donkey, Equus asinus, was found naturally infected with Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis. The parasite was isolated from a lesion located on a castration scar, and identified by means of...

  20. Infecção natural de Equus asinus por Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis - Bahia, Brasil Natural infection of Equus asinus by Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis - Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio A. Vexenat

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available Em Corte de Pedra, Valença, Bahia, foi encontrado um jumento (Equus asinus, com infecção natural por Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis. O parasito foi isolado de uma lesão localizada na cicatriz da castração e identificado através de anticorpos monoclonais.In Corte de Pedra, Valença, state of Bahia, a donkey, Equus asinus, was found naturally infected with Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis. The parasite was isolated from a lesion located on a castration scar, and identified by means of monoclonal antibodies.

  1. The agricultural sector in Bahia State: economic outlook and energy intensity; O setor agropecuario no estado da Bahia: perspectivas economicas e intensidade energetica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Claudio Bezerra de [Faculdade Apoio, Lauro de Freitas, BA (Brazil); Bajay, Sergio Valdir [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    The main characteristics of the rural economy in the State of Bahia are presented in this paper, together with the evolution of its main components in the last years and the growth perspectives for the next years. A more detailed analysis is carried out for the rural areas in the state which present higher development potential and for their respective crops . The progression of the state of Bahia' shares in the national rural economy's value added and the energy intensity changes of the main energy carriers employed in this sector are also presented in the paper. (author)

  2. Submarine topography and faulting in Bahia de Banderas, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez, Roman [Instituto de Investigaciones en Matematicas Aplicadas y en Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D.F (Mexico)

    2007-04-15

    A digital elevation model of Bahia de Banderas and its offshore continuation to the Middle America Trench (MAT) is built from a data set of 6872 bathymetric soundings. Two new, offshore basins and several, previously unknown faults within the bay are also identified. The south flank of Banderas canyon is considerably steeper than the north one. This asymmetry and the seismic activity present lead to propose that Banderas Canyon has a half-graben structure of the fault growth type, and reverse drag geometry, which originates in an extensional basin oriented N-S. The canyon is divided in two sections that trend in different directions. The older section of the canyon, trending E-W, is probably Late Miocene; the associated Banderas Fault is suggested to extend westward, down to the MAT along a section that complements that of the half-graben. The section of Banderas Canyon trending NE and continuing into Banderas Valley is identified as a younger portion of the structure. The older and the younger portions of the canyon appear to be active presently. A group of faults also trending NE seem to be associated with the change in direction of the canyon. These results support the hypothesis that the structure of Banderas Canyon is a half-graben, and they strengthen the idea that it is the limit between the region to the north that underwent extension in the Miocene, and the region to the south that did not experienced it. [Spanish] Un modelo digital de elevacion de Bahia de Banderas y su continuacion costa afuera hasta la Trinchera Mesoamericana se construye con 6872 sondeos batimetricos. Se identifi can dos nuevas cuencas costa afuera y tambien varias fallas, hasta ahora no reportadas, dentro de la bahia. El fl anco sur del Canon de Banderas es considerablemente mas empinado que el flanco norte. Esta asimetria, junto con la actividad sismica presente, lleva a proponer que el Canon de Banderas tiene una estructura de semi-graben del tipo de crecimiento de falla, con

  3. Uma nova subespécie de Parides bunichus (Hübner (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae, Troidini do interior da Bahia, Brasil A new subspecis of Parides bunichus (Hübner (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae, Troidini from the interior of Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirna M. Casagrande

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Parides bunichus almas ssp.nov. é descrita com base em material coletado no Pico das Almas, Rio de Contas, Bahia, Brasil.Parides bunichus almas ssp.nov. is described from Pico das Almas, Rio de Contas, Bahia, Brazil.

  4. Hemoglobinopathies in newborns from Salvador, Bahia, Northeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adorno, Elisângela Vitória; Couto, Fábio David; Moura Neto, José Pereira de; Menezes, Joelma Figueiredo; Rêgo, Marco; Reis, Mitermayer Galvão dos; Gonçalves, Marilda Souza

    2005-01-01

    Hemoglobinopathies are hereditary disorders of the hemoglobin molecule with a high prevalence worldwide. Brazil has a prevalence of 0.1 to 0.3% of newborns with sickle cell anemia and 20.0 to 25.0% of heterozygous alpha2 thalassemia among African Brazilians. In the present study, we investigated the presence of variant hemoglobins and alpha2(3.7 Kb) and alpha2 (4.2 Kb) thalassemia in newborns from Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Samples of umbilical cord blood from a total of 590 newborns were analyzed, of which 57 (9.8%) were FAS; 36 (6.5%) FAC; one (0.2%) SF; and five (0.9%) FSC. One hundred fourteen (22.2%) newborns had alpha2(3.7 Kb) thalassemia, of whom 101 (19.7%) were heterozygous and 13 (2.5%) homozygous, showing statistical significance for hematological data between newborns with normal alpha genes and alpha2(3.7 Kb) thalassemia carriers. The alpha2(4.2 Kb) thalassemia was not found. Frequencies found in the present study confirm that hemoglobinopathies are a public health problem in Brazil, emphasizing the need for neonatal screening and genetic counseling programs.

  5. Hemoglobinopathies in newborns from Salvador, Bahia, Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adorno Elisângela Vitória

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemoglobinopathies are hereditary disorders of the hemoglobin molecule with a high prevalence worldwide. Brazil has a prevalence of 0.1 to 0.3% of newborns with sickle cell anemia and 20.0 to 25.0% of heterozygous alpha2 thalassemia among African Brazilians. In the present study, we investigated the presence of variant hemoglobins and alpha2(3.7 Kb and alpha2(4.2 Kb thalassemia in newborns from Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Samples of umbilical cord blood from a total of 590 newborns were analyzed, of which 57 (9.8% were FAS; 36 (6.5% FAC; one (0.2% SF; and five (0.9% FSC. One hundred fourteen (22.2% newborns had alpha2(3.7 Kb thalassemia, of whom 101 (19.7% were heterozygous and 13 (2.5% homozygous, showing statistical significance for hematological data between newborns with normal alpha genes and alpha2(3.7 Kb thalassemia carriers. The alpha2(4.2 Kb thalassemia was not found. Frequencies found in the present study confirm that hemoglobinopathies are a public health problem in Brazil, emphasizing the need for neonatal screening and genetic counseling programs.

  6. Spatial patterns of preventable perinatal mortality in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Rita de Cássia de Sousa; Costa, Maria da Conceição Nascimento; Braga, José Uéleres; Natividade, Márcio Santos da

    2017-08-17

    To identify the spatial distribution patterns and areas of higher risk of preventable perinatal mortality in the city of Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil. We carried out a spatial aggregated study in 2007, considering the weighting areas (census tracts contiguous sets) of Salvador, of which the center and north present low life conditions. Data were obtained from national vital statistics systems and the 2010 Census. Addresses of live births and stillbirths were geocoded by weighting area. The spatial distribution of the perinatal mortality rate was analyzed from thematic maps. Spatial dependence was evaluated by the Global and Local Geary's and Moran's Indexes. Crude and smoothed perinatal mortality rates were high in areas situated to the north, west, and in center of Salvador. The smoothed rates in weighting areas ranged from 4.9/1,000 to 22.3/1,000 births. Of all perinatal deaths, 92.1% could have been prevented. We identified spatial dependence for preventable perinatal mortality for care in pregnancy, with neighboring areas with high risk in the north of the city. The preventability potential of perinatal mortality was high in Salvador, in 2007. The spatial distribution pattern with higher rates in disadvantaged areas of the city suggests the existence of social inequalities in health. The characteristics of the process of urban development of Salvador, which has inadequate prenatal care, possibly influenced the magnitude and spatial distribution pattern of this mortality.

  7. Habits and customs of crab catchers in southern Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firmo, Angélica M S; Tognella, Mônica M P; Tenório, Gabrielle D; Barboza, Raynner R D; Alves, Rômulo R N

    2017-08-23

    Brazilian mangrove forests are widely distributed along the coast and exploited by groups of people with customs and habits as diverse as the biology of the mangrove ecosystems. This study identifies different methods of extracting crabs that inhabit the mangrove belts; some of these activities, such as catching individual crabs by hand, are aimed at maintaining natural stocks of this species in Mucuri (south Bahia), Brazil. In the studied community, illegal hunting activities that violate Brazilian legislation limiting the use of tangle-netting in mangrove ecosystem were observed. According to our observations, fishermen, to catch individual crabs, use the tangle-netting technique seeking to increase income and are from families that have no tradition of extraction. This analysis leads us to conclude that catchers from economically marginalised social groups enter mangroves for purposes of survival rather than for purposes of subsistence, because the catching by tangle-netting is a predatory technique. Tangle-netting  technique increase caught but also increases their mortality rate. We emphasise that traditional catching methods are unique to Brazil and that manual capturing of crab should be preserved through public policies aimed at maintaining the crab population.

  8. Three new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregório, Bernarda de Souza; Costa, Jorge Antonio Silva; Rapini, Alessandro

    2015-01-01

    The taxonomic treatment of Begoniaceae for the state of Bahia, Brazil, led to the recognition of three new species of Begonia with narrow distributions, which are described and illustrated here: Begoniadelicata Gregório & J.A.S. Costa, sp. nov. is a herb restricted to the region of the Recôncavo; Begoniaelianeae Gregório & J.A.S. Costa, sp. nov. is a shrub endemic to the Atlantic forest of the southern part of the state; and Begoniapaganuccii Gregório & J.A.S. Costa, sp. nov. is a subshrub known only from the type material, collected in the Piedmont of Paraguaçu. Notes on morphology, comparisons with morphologically similar species, etymology, geographic distribution, habitat and phenological data for each species are also presented. Furthermore, keys are provided as an aid to separating the new species from congeneric species that occur in their surroundings. Due to the sparse knowledge of the new species, there is as yet insufficient data to accurately assess their conservation status.

  9. Three new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae from Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernarda de Souza Gregório

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The taxonomic treatment of Begoniaceae for the state of Bahia, Brazil, led to the recognition of three new species of Begonia with narrow distributions, which are described and illustrated here: B. delicata Gregório & J.A.S. Costa, sp. nov. is a herb restricted to the region of the Recôncavo; B. elianeae Gregório & J.A.S. Costa, sp. nov. is a shrub endemic to the Atlantic forest of the southern part of the state; and B. paganuccii Gregório & J.A.S. Costa, sp. nov. is a subshrub known only from the type material, collected in the Piedmont of Paraguaçu. Notes on morphology, comparisons with morphologically similar species, etymology, geographic distribution, habitat and phenological data for each species are also presented. Furthermore, keys are provided as an aid to separating the new species from congeneric species that occur in their surroundings. Due to the sparse knowledge of the new species, there is as yet insufficient data to accurately assess their conservation status.

  10. Deutschtum na Bahia: a trajetória dos imigrantes alemães em Salvador

    OpenAIRE

    Rabello, Evandro Henrique

    2009-01-01

    182f. O fenômeno da imigração alemã no estado da Bahia tem sido pouco investigado no âmbito acadêmico, a despeito da existência de registros diversos sobre este tema. No cenário nacional de desenvolvimento de pesquisas sobre a imigração, sobretudo a européia, a Bahia usualmente merece poucas e breves menções, especialmente em se tratando de imigrantes de etnia alemã. Este trabalho pretende, pois, somar-se à literatura já existente, contudo lançando luz sobre, mais especificamente, a denomi...

  11. The work in Bahia: assessment for reporting accidents at work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleber Souza de Jesus

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between work and health are interconnected to a variety of situations, characterized by different stages of technological incorporation, multiple forms of organization and management, and a precarious employment relation, reflected on morbidity and mortality of workers. Thus, this study aimed to identify the profile of work accidents from the chips of communication of occupational accidents notified in the regional occupational health center in Jequié/BA. A cross-sectional study was conducted for year 2006. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software 11.0. Were analyzed 141 records of communication of occupational accidents, of which 57.9% were issued by the employer, there was a male predominance (68.1%, unmarried individuals (52.5% living in urban area (90.8%, with emphasis on the affections of the upper limbs (55.3%. Regarding for occupational aspects, 63.8% of diagnoses were for neuromuscular disorders. Removals to treatment 85.8% of workers, as well as 48.2% of reports were from the sector of manufacturing industry. Statistically significant association was found between sex and body part affected with the type of accident (p <0.05.Therefore, the composition of the accidents, according to its severity and its various types of classification, have shown that these do not constitute a single and isolated event, being unevenly distributed. It becomes essential the valorization of employee as integral and fundamental part to the economic development process of the country. Public policies to encourage prevention and health promotion in workplaces should be implemented, aiming at a possible change in the scenario of health workers in the interior of Bahia.

  12. Spread and diversity of human populations in Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevêdo, E S; Fortuna, C M; Silva, K M; Sousa, M G; Machado, M A; Lima, A M; Aguiar, M E; Abé, K; Eulálio, M C; Conceição, M M; Silva, M C; Santos, M G

    1982-05-01

    Data from surnames and racial subgroups were obtained in 60 localities to reconstruct the history of population spread and mixing over the state of Bahia, Brazil. Using the historically significant location of Cachoeira and Sao Felix as central points, the sampled localities were distributed along 7 main paved roads. 20% of the elementary school children were selected, but only the surnames of 12,872 boys were used in the analysis. The following parameters were estimated for each of the localities: black phenotype index (BPI), which is the proportion of 3 racial classifications determined by gene frequency analysis; black cultural index (BCI) determined by the frequency of devotional surnames; and indian cultural index (ICI) determined by the frequency of animal-plant surnames; and the isolated frequency of the surname Santos. The results of regression analysis indicate a negative association between BPI and BCI and the distance from Cachoeira-Sao Felix. Although not significant, ICI increases slightly with increased distance from Cachoeira-Sao Felix. The isolated frequency of the surname Santos is associated with the BCI but does not decrease significantly with distance from Cachoeira-Sao Felix. Construction of a map characterizing each of the 60 localities by its most representative racial admixture confirms the analysis and reveals the spread of blacks toward 4 cardinal points. A review of the historical background of the state explains the migration of blacks as related to the needs for slave labor during the development of gold mining and cocoa and sugar cultivation. The higher concentrations of indian admixtures farther from Cachoeira-Sao Felix reflects their retreat to survive the incoming foreign settlers. Given the strong link between the observed diversity in the population and major historical events, it is suggested that historical reconstruction of a population be an initial step before undertaking sampling for gene frequency analysis.

  13. Critical analysis of the PETROBRAS monopoly end - particularities of the Bahia state, Brazil; Uma analise critica do fim do monopolio da PETROBRAS - particularidades para o Estado da Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerqueira, Alexandre B.; Ribeiro, Bradson F. [Bahia Univ., Salvador, BA (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica. Curso de Especializacao em Engenharia do Gas Natural; Rocha, Georges S. [Centro Federal de Tecnologia da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The Agencia Nacional de Petroleo - ANP - created in 1997 by the petroleum law has the role of regulating oil and natural gas industry activities in Brazil inciting the power self-sufficiency. The petroleum law states the end of petroleum exploration monopoly in Brazil performed by PETROBRAS. Between 1998 and 2004 ANP carried out six bid rounds in brazilian sedimentary basins offered to national and foreign companies. The exploratory activities in Bahia are resulting in commercial discoveries and positive impact to local economy. The petrochemical industry expects the startup of Manati field operation to supply repressed demand of natural gas as fuel and raw material. This article analyzes the legal and institutional processes and economics performances of these activities in Bahia's state. (author)

  14. Uma nova espécie de Euplusia da Bahia, Brasil (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Euglossinae A new species of Euplusia from Bahia, Brazil (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Euglossinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesus Santiago Moure

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Euplusia aridicola sp. n., a member of the short longued group, is described as a new species. It can be easily recognized by the large white yellowish pubescence on the sides of terga second to fourth, the bright anterior half of mesoscutum covered by yellowish hairs; clypeus medially bicarinate. The holotype was colleted in Ibiraba, Barra, a semi-arid region of Bahia, Brazil, using eucalyptol, as an attractant.

  15. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia Pythiosis in sheep from Pernambuco and Bahia States, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel V. Carrera

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE e Bahia (BA, Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de 53 ovinos foram coletadas, sendo 49 animais oriundos de propriedades localizadas em PE e quatro animais provenientes da BA. Sete ovinos demonstraram sinais clínicos de pitiose ovina. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e sua cabeça e linfonodo submandibular foram coletados e enviados para análises laboratoriais. Seis ovinos foram submetidos à imunoterapia, sendo mantidos nas instalações do setor de ovinocultura da Univasf/Petrolina-PE durante o tratamento. As técnicas de ELISA, cultura fúngica e reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR foram utilizadas como métodos diagnósticos da pitiose ovina, sendo eficientes para confirmação dos casos clínicos no rebanho. Ao exame microscópico do material coletado da cavidade nasal de um animal eutanasiado, observou-se uma área focalmente extensa de necrose com presença de infiltrado difuso de neutrófilos íntegros e degenerados margeando a cartilagem. Somente um animal apresentou cura clínica, indicando uma eficiência no tratamento da pitiose de 16,7% (1/6. O aumento de casos de pitiose tem sido denotado em diversos municípios de PE e da BA. Neste contexto, o emprego do imunoterápico pode ser uma alternativa a ser pesquisada. Portanto, estudos futuros devem ser realizados para investigar o efeito da imunoterapia aplicada à pitiose em ovinos.Pythiosis is a devastating infectious disease caused by an aquatic oomycete, Pythium insidioum, and affects animals and humans that inhabit

  16. Chupar frutas in Salvador da Bahia. A case of practice-specific alterities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Port, M.P.J.; Mol, A.

    2015-01-01

    In this article we interfere with the naturalization of 'eating' by comparing two modes of engaging with fruits in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. One of these is comer, which translates as 'to eat'. The other is chupar, 'to suck'. In comer, a piece of fruit crosses distinct bodily boundaries and gets

  17. Chupar frutas in Salvador da Bahia: a case of practice-specific alterities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Port, M.; Mol, A.

    2015-01-01

    In this article we interfere with the naturalization of ‘eating’ by comparing two modes of engaging with fruits in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. One of these is comer, which translates as ‘to eat’. The other is chupar, ‘to suck’. In comer, a piece of fruit crosses distinct bodily boundaries and gets

  18. Soil classification and carbon storage in cacao agroforestry farming systems of Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information concerning the classification of soils and their properties under cacao agroforestry systems of the Atlantic rain forest biome region in the Southeast of Bahia Brazil is largely unknown. Soil and climatic conditions in this region are favorable for high soil carbon storage. This study is...

  19. Towards an e-Health Cloud Solution for Remote Regions at Bahia-Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarinho, V T; Mota, A O; Silva, E P

    2017-12-19

    This paper presents CloudMedic, an e-Health Cloud solution that manages health care services in remote regions of Bahia-Brazil. For that, six main modules: Clinic, Hospital, Supply, Administrative, Billing and Health Business Intelligence, were developed to control the health flow among health actors at health institutions. They provided database model and procedures for health business rules, a standard gateway for data maintenance between web views and database layer, and a multi-front-end framework based on web views and web commands configurations. These resources were used by 2042 health actors in 261 health posts covering health demands from 118 municipalities at Bahia state. They also managed approximately 2.4 million health service 'orders and approximately 13.5 million health exams for more than 1.3 million registered patients. As a result, a collection of health functionalities available in a cloud infrastructure was successfully developed, deployed and validated in more than 28% of Bahia municipalities. A viable e-Health Cloud solution that, despite municipality limitations in remote regions, decentralized and improved the access to health care services at Bahia state.

  20. [The popular zootherapy in Bahia State: registration of new animal species used as medicinal resources].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neto, Eraldo Medeiros Costa

    2011-01-01

    This article deals with the use of animals as medicinal resources in Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. The data come from a processional evaluation of academic performance, since it was an exercise requested by the professor of the discipline Ethnobiology (2007.2 semester) to the students of the course Bahia State Teachers' Undergraduation of Feira de Santana State University. They were asked to make a brief survey, in their respective cities, on the use of animals as medicines. Forty-one students, from 21 cities of the country of Bahia State, have participated with data. A total of 95 animals (common names) were recorded, from which 17 are new additions to the list of medicinal animal species already published. The recording of the use of animals as folk medicines in the state of Bahia provides a significant contribution to the phenomenon of zootherapy, because it opens a space to debate about conservation biology, health public policies, sustainable management of natural resources, bioprospection, and patent. It is necessary to carry out more ethnozoological studies both to comprehend the true importance of zootherapy to the traditional communities and to develop some strategies of sustainable management and use of animal species, especially for those under risk of extinction.

  1. Nutritional evaluation of Artemia Nauplii for the culture of marine crustacean Mysidopsis bahia (M.)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Royan, J.P.; Zemmouri, A.; Sorgeloos, P.; Leger, Ph.

    A standard bioassay was carried out for the nutritional evaluation of Artemia nauplii of Indian and Sri Lankan strains using newly released juveniles of Mysidopsis bahia. After 12 d, results on survival (91-97%), length (4911-5430 mu m), individual...

  2. Genetic variability of Leishmania infantum in naturally infected dogs in the state of Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Fábio Santos; Albuquerque, George Rêgo; Carneiro, Paulo Luiz Souza; Wenceslau, Amauri Arias

    2017-01-01

    In Brazil, Leishmania infantum mainly affects humans and dogs. The state of Bahia presents many dogs that are positive for this parasite. Despite the importance of epidemiology in this region, there are still very few studies that have assessed the genetic characteristics of L. infantum. The aim of this study is to investigate the genetic variability of L. infantum isolated identified in naturally infected dogs, in order to verify occurrence of subpopulation of this parasite in the different biomes existing in the state of Bahia. Thirty-two samples of L. infantum were analyzed, which were obtained isolated in dogs from the Mata Atlântica (rainforest), Caatinga (semi-arid scrub forest), and Cerrado (a vast tropical savannah eco-region) Bahia municipalities' biomes. All animals presented with clinical changes suggestive of Leishmania spp. and they exhibited positive reactions to serological tests. kDNA analysis with RFLP markers revealed the presence of genetic variability and gene flow in subpopulations of L. infantum; samples from the Mata Atlântica areas were genetically more similar to those from the areas of Caatinga and they were less likely to resemble those of the Cerrado. This data may be used to investigate the dissemination of parasite in the canine population of state of Bahia.

  3. O candomblé da Bahia na década de 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivaldo da Costa Lima

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O TEXTO resgata a atuação de duas personalidades eminentes do candomblé da Bahia, na década de 1930: o babalaô Martiniano Eliseu do Bonfim e a ialorixá Eugênia Ana dos Santos, a famosa Aninha, do Centro Cruz Santa do Axé do Apo Afonjá. Martiniano, nascido na Bahia, era filho de escravos alforriados, tendo sido enviado por seu pai para estudar a língua ioruba e as tradições africanas em Lagos, na Nigéria. Voltando a Salvador, tornou-se um líder religioso e sempre manteve estreita ligação com destacados intelectuais baianos. Aninha foi outra figura modelar entre as comunidades religiosas de terreiros, destacando-se pela sua indiscutível capacidade de liderança. Tanto Martiniano como Aninha contribuíram para o grande êxito do Segundo Congresso Afro-Brasileiro, realizado em Salvador, em janeiro de 1937.THIS ESSAY recalls the life and work of two eminent personalities of the Candomble religion in Bahia in the 1830s: babalaô [Yoruba priest] Martiniano Eliseu do Bonfim and ialorixá Eugênia Ana dos Santos, the renowned Aninha, spiritual director and priestess of the Cruz Santa do Axé do Apo Afonjá Center. Martiniano, born in Bahia, was the son of emancipated slaves. He was sent by his father to study the Yoruba language and African traditions in Lagos, Nigeria, and upon returning to Salvador, became a religious leader, maintaining close relationships with noted intellectuals from Bahia. Aninha was another model figure among the religious communities of the terreiros [ritual grounds of the Candomble religion], who stood out for her incontrovertible leadership ability. Both Martiniano and Aninha contributed to the huge success of the Second Afro-Brazilian Congress held in Salvador in January 1937.

  4. Pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco e Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel V. Carrera

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A pitiose é uma doença infecciosa causada pelo oomiceto aquático P. insidiosum que acomete animais e o homem, especialmente habitantes de áreas úmidas. A enfermidade apresenta como característica principal a formação de lesões com aspecto granulomatoso nos hospedeiros. Neste trabalho, relatou-se a ocorrência da pitiose em ovinos nos estados de Pernambuco (PE e Bahia (BA, Nordeste do Brasil, bem como foi avaliada a eficácia de um imunoterápico frente a esta enfermidade. Amostras de sangue de 53 ovinos foram coletadas, sendo 49 animais oriundos de propriedades localizadas em PE e quatro animais provenientes da BA. Sete ovinos demonstraram sinais clínicos de pitiose ovina. Um dos animais foi submetido à eutanásia e sua cabeça e linfonodo submandibular foram coletados e enviados para análises laboratoriais. Seis ovinos foram submetidos à imunoterapia, sendo mantidos nas instalações do setor de ovinocultura da Univasf/Petrolina-PE durante o tratamento. As técnicas de ELISA, cultura fúngica e reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR foram utilizadas como métodos diagnósticos da pitiose ovina, sendo eficientes para confirmação dos casos clínicos no rebanho. Ao exame microscópico do material coletado da cavidade nasal de um animal eutanasiado, observou-se uma área focalmente extensa de necrose com presença de infiltrado difuso de neutrófilos íntegros e degenerados margeando a cartilagem. Somente um animal apresentou cura clínica, indicando uma eficiência no tratamento da pitiose de 16,7% (1/6. O aumento de casos de pitiose tem sido denotado em diversos municípios de PE e da BA. Neste contexto, o emprego do imunoterápico pode ser uma alternativa a ser pesquisada. Portanto, estudos futuros devem ser realizados para investigar o efeito da imunoterapia aplicada à pitiose em ovinos.

  5. Tendência da mortalidade por insuficiência cardíaca em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Heart failure mortality trend in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Lopes Latado

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a tendência da mortalidade por insuficiência cardíaca (IC em Salvador - Bahia, no período de 1979-1995. MÉTODOS: A IC foi definida pelas notações da 9ª Revisão do Código Internacional de Doenças (CID9 428.0, 428.1 e 428.9. Dados de óbitos por IC e populacionais (região metropolitana de Salvador foram obtidos por meio da Secretaria de Saúde da Bahia e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. As taxas de mortalidade (/100.000 foram totais ou por gênero e idade, e brutas ou ajustadas por idade (padronização direta. RESULTADOS: As taxas de mortalidade por IC sofreram redução progressiva no período de tempo avaliado, para ambos os gêneros, especialmente até o ano de 1992. A partir daí e até 1995, ocorreu uma aparente estabilização das curvas. A taxa de mortalidade bruta passou de 25,0/10(5, em 1979, para 16,4/10(5 habitantes, em 1995 (queda de 34,4%. A redução foi de 34,0% (23,3/10(5, em 1979, para 15,4/10(5 habitantes, em 1995 para o sexo masculino e de 35,2% (26,7/10(5, em 1979, para 17,3/10(5 habitantes, em 1995, para o sexo feminino. A mesma tendência ocorreu nas diversas faixas etárias, inclusive para a população > 40 anos, de maior risco para IC. Após o ajuste por idade (população padrão de 1979, observa-se que as reduções relativas nas taxas foram ainda maiores. CONCLUSÃO: A mortalidade por IC, em Salvador-Bahia, declinou de 1979 a 1992, estabilizando-se a partir de então até 1995.OBJECTIVE: To assess mortality trend due to heart failure (HF in Salvador - Bahia, from 1979 to 1995. METHODS: HF was defined by notations from the 9th Review of International Disease Code (IDC9 428.0, 428.1 and 428.9. HF death and population data (metropolitan area of Salvador were obtained by means of Secretaria de Saúde da Bahia (Bahia State Health Secretariat and Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Mortality rates (/100,000 were

  6. Retrospective histopathological classification of 1,108 skin biopsies from patients clinically suspected of having leprosy from Bahia, Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbosa Júnior Aryon de Almeida

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a retrospective histopathological classification carried out under laboratory conditions by the method of Ridley & Jopling of 1,108 skin biopsies from patients clinically suspected of having leprosy from Bahia, Northeast Brazil.

  7. Bibliografia sobre organismos, ambientes y procesos marinos y atmosfericos en Bahia Culebra, Pacifico norte, Guanacaste, Costa Rica

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cortes, Jorge

    2012-01-01

    Bahia Culebra se locoaliza en la parte norte de la costa Pacifica de Costa Rica. Es una region de afloramiento estacional, rica en ambientes y organismos marinos, y ademas, la zona de mayor desarrollo turistico del pais...

  8. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by Federal Institute of Bahia in Simões Filho

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The students and teachers of the Federal Institute of Bahia - Campus Simões Filho - will watch a lecture by professor Eduardo Simas of the Fedetal University of Bahia starting at 13:00 of March 31st, 2014. The lecture will be followed by a virtual visit to the ATLAS experiment, at CERN, Switzerland for a short presentation of the detector by professor Denis Damazio followed by a Q&A session.

  9. Zoneamento bioclimático para vacas leiteiras no Estado da Bahia Bioclimatical zoning of milk cows in the State of Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia H. N. Turco

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram utilizados dados meteorológicos médios diários de 437 estações meteorológicas distribuídas por todo o Estado da Bahia para realizar o zoneamento bioclimático de vacas leiteiras e o declínio da produção de leite para vacas com nível de produção de 10 e 25 kg dia-1, nas condições térmicas desse Estado. As variáveis consideradas foram a temperatura (Ta e a umidade relativa do ar (UR que foram utilizadas no cálculo do índice de temperatura e umidade (ITU. Estimou-se o declínio da produção de leite (DPL em função do ITU e do nível de produção (NP. Com os valores de ITU e DPL, foram traçadas as isolinhas dessas duas variáveis para a Bahia por meio do programa SURFER 7.0. Observou-se que, mesmo para os meses com temperaturas mais amenas, há grande possibilidade de ocorrência de estresse climático para vacas em lactação, em algumas regiões do Estado. Nos meses mais quentes, há três zonas bioclimáticas na Bahia com maior ocorrência de estresse. Com a espacialização do declínio na produção, foram verificadas zonas com maior probabilidade de ocorrência de decínio na produção de leite, devido às condições climáticas desfavoráveis, apresentando regiões com perdas de até 1 kg de leite por vaca por dia com NP de 10 kg e regiões com perdas de produção de até 4,5 kg de leite por vaca por dia com NP de 25 kg.Daily mean meteorological data from 437 meteorological stations in the State of Bahia were used to accomplish the bioclimatical zoning of milk cows and the decline in milk yield of cows with production levels of 10 and 25 kg day-1 in summer thermic condition in this State. The variables temperature (Ta and relative air humidity (RH were used to calculate the temperature and humidity index (THI. The milk production decline (MPD was estimated based on data of the THI and the level of production (LP. With these data the PMD and THI mapping was done for the State of Bahia with the program SURFER 7

  10. The Half-Graben Structure of Bahia de Banderas, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, R.

    2007-05-01

    Bahia de Banderas contains important records of the detachment and initial separation of Baja California from mainland Mexico; however, its relief and structure are poorly known. The structure has been identified with a canyon associated with a fault striking E-W, named Banderas fault; it has also been proposed that the canyon may be a graben but no structural model was presented. To help in the description of its relief, a digital elevation model of the bay is constructed with individual soundings, ships soundings from 1970 to date, and satellite- derived depths, which shows an irregular topography of the canyon along the fault. The deepest portion of the bay reaches 1600 m; the south flank of the canyon dips at angles ranging from 15° to 22°, while the north flank ranges from 5° to 9°. This asymmetry between the flanks first suggested that the structure of the canyon might be that of a half-graben. A model is presented based on previous developments for half-graben structures of the fault growth type with reverse drag geometry; the model is based on the lengthening of the fault through seismically induced slip events; a seismic study of the area reported elsewhere complements the model and shows that the region is active. For Banderas canyon the footwall corresponds to the south flank, and the hanging wall corresponds to the north flank, including the shallow platform to the north of the bay. A fault length of 63 km is inferred and pertinent parameters are derived for the model calculations. Theoretical profiles are superposed and compared to actual topographic profiles of the canyon, concluding that the model describes well the central part of the structure, within 14 km of its mid-point in either direction, reproducing with less accuracy the geometries at the ends of the active portion of the fault, which is attributed to the perturbing effects of additional faults acting on those regions. The model allows for calculations of the age of the half

  11. Fitonematóides associados à gravioleira (Annona muricata no sul da Bahia Phytonematodes associated to soursop tree (Aannona muricata in the south of Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlete Silveira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Nematóides têm sido reportados, em alguns Estados do Brasil, causando danos à gravioleira (Annona muricata L.. No sul da Bahia, o cultivo da graviola é bastante recente; portanto, há carência de informações sobre os problemas fitossanitários. O presente estudo teve como objetivo o levantamento dos fitonematóides associados a gravioleiras dos municípios de Una e Ilhéus, sul da Bahia (BA. Subamostras de solo e raízes de 10 diferentes plantas foram coletadas, ao acaso, e misturadas para formar uma amostra composta representativa de cada pomar. As análises nematológicas foram realizadas nos Laboratórios de Fitopatologia e Nematologia da Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz (UESC, Ilhéus-BA, e Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV, Viçosa-MG. Os nematóides encontrados associados à gravioleira foram: Aphelenchoides sp., Aphelenchus sp., Helicotylenchus sp., Mesocriconema sp., Rotylenchus sp., Rotylenchulus sp. e Tylenchus sp. Futuramente, serão conduzidos estudos para avaliar a patogenicidade desses nematóides à gravioleira.Nematodes have been reported in some States of Brazil causing damage to soursop (Annona muricata L.. In the South of Bahia, the soursop growing is very recent; therefore there is a lack of information regarding its phytosanitary problems. The present study aimed the survey of plant nematodes associated with soursop in the municipal district of Una and Ilhéus, South of Bahia (BA. Soil and root subsamples from 10 distinct soursop plants were randomly collected and mixed to form a representative composite sample of each orchard. The nematodes analyses were carried out in the Laboratories of Plant Pathology and Nematology of the University of Ilhéus, BA (UESC and Viçosa, MG (UFV. The nematodes found associated with soursop were: Aphelenchoides sp., Aphelenchus sp., Helicotylenchus spp., Mesocriconema spp., Rotylenchus sp., Rotylenchulus sp. and Tylenchus sp. Future studies will be conducted to evaluate the

  12. Tuberculose na cidade de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil: o perfil na década de 1990 Tuberculosis in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, in the 1990s

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    Maria Izabel Mota Xavier

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico da tuberculose (incidência e mortalidade no Município de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil, na década de 1990, foram analisadas as características demográficas, clínicas e laboratoriais dos casos e óbitos por esta doença ocorridos no período. Foram calculadas as taxas médias anuais de mortalidade e da incidência por sexo, faixa etária e formas clínicas da doença com base nas informações dos bancos de dados do Sistema de Informações de Tuberculose da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado da Bahia e do Sistema de Informações de Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde. Analisou-se a distribuição espacial da tuberculose segundo distritos sanitários. Ficou evidente o predomínio dos casos e óbitos no sexo masculino e na faixa etária de 15 a 39 anos. A forma pulmonar apresentou uma maior taxa de incidência e de mortalidade. Sobre a hipótese de que, a co-infecção AIDS/tuberculose possa contribuir para manter elevadas taxas de mortalidade, os dados existentes não corroboram para esta associação. A maior ocorrência de tuberculose em determinados distritos sanitários pode estar associada à densidade populacional e às condições desfavoráveis de vida.The characteristics of tuberculosis (TB cases and deaths were analyzed in order to characterize the epidemiological profile of TB (incidence and mortality in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, in the 1990s. Annual incidence and mortality rates were calculated by gender, age bracket, and clinical forms of the disease using databases from the Tuberculosis Information System of the Bahia State Health Secretariat and the Mortality Information System of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. TB spatial distribution was analyzed according to health district. Cases and deaths were predominantly in males in the 15 to 39 year group. The pulmonary form showed the highest incidence and mortality. The existing data did not corroborate the hypothesis that AIDS

  13. Wind power system for Sao Gabriel, Irece region, Bahia-Brazil; Sistema eolico de Sao Gabriel, regiao de Irece-Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruni, Carlos D' Alexandria [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia (CEFET-BA), Salvador, BA (Brazil)], e-mail: carlosbruni@cefetba.br; Camelier, Luiz Alberto A. [Companhia de Engenharia Rural da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil)], e-mail: lcamelier@ig.com.br

    2004-07-01

    An electric power plant supplied by a wind-generator is the solution for supply drink water on a small community on Sao Gabriel, Irece - Bahia -Brazil. On behalf of the feasibility a wind power system is described in detail concerning it's technical specifications, it's operation, constraints and it's energy demand. Furthermore wind power system supply is described in detail. Simulations is shows how the system is designed to guarantee a reliability in pumping of drinking water powered by wind power system and it's expansion in the future. (author)

  14. Contribuição à biologia de serpentes da Bahia, Brasil: I. vivíparas Contribution to reproductive biology of snakes in Bahia, Brazil: I. viviparous

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    Rejane Maria Lira-da-Silva

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Great part of lhe avaiable data about snakes reprodution refers to species coming from subtropical and temperate regions. In Brazil, the data is rather rare and can be found in various works where information is restricted. Results from studies developed with five viviparous snakes - Crotalus durissus cascavella (Wagler, 1824. Bothrops erythromelas(Amaral, 1923, B. leucurus (Wagler, 1824, Helicops leopardinus (Schlegel, 1873 and Thamnodynastes strigilis (Thiinberg, 1787 - which come from the Northeast of Brazil (Bahia are described. Data about pregnancy and birth, number, sex ratio, length and weight of neonates is given and discussed.

  15. [Evaluation of decentralized management of basic pharmaceutical care in Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreto, Joslene Lacerda; Guimarães, Maria do Carmo Lessa

    2010-06-01

    This article analyzes the decentralized management of pharmaceutical care at the municipal (local) level in the State of Bahia, Brazil. The working hypothesis is that conditioning factors for such management results mainly from an essentially technical and procedures-based approach that still prevails in pharmaceutical care. Two research strategies were used: an extensive strategy, based on the Protocol of Indicators developed by the Nucleus for Studies and Research in Pharmaceutical Care (NEPAF) at the School of Pharmacy, Federal University in Bahia, in two Bahian municipalities. Data were collected with questionnaires, a checklist, and document analysis. The intensive phase used semi-structured interviews with key informants. The findings confirm the initial premises, detecting management practices limited to the operational dimension, with an emphasis on aspects of the logistic cycle in pharmaceutical care. Some limited strides were identified in the organizational and sustainability dimensions, focused on promoting greater participation and autonomy in the management of pharmaceutical care at the municipal level.

  16. Cerambycidae (Coleoptera from Lagoa do Tamburí farm, Aracatu – Bahia, with new records

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    ANDRÉ DA SILVA FERREIRA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTSpecies of Cerambycidae were inventoried in an area of Caatinga (dryland vegetation in the municipality of Aracatu, Bahia State, Brazil, between August/2012 and July/2013. The insects were collected using light traps, active searches, and white cloth trapping. A total of 716 specimens of Cerambycidae were collected; 665 of them were identified as belonging to 107 species, 84 genera, 30 tribes, and 3 subfamilies. The speciesPhaedinus carbonelli Monné, 1999,Lepturges (Lepturges fasciculatoides Gilmour, 1962,Hoplistonychus bondari Melzer, 1930,Ataxia arenaria Martins & Galileo, 2013 were new records for Bahia;Nesozineus obscurus Hoffmann, 1984 is new record for Brazil. The subfamily Cerambycinae demonstrated the greatest richness, with 56 species. These results contribute to our knowledge of the Cerambycidae fauna of Brazil.

  17. Ocorrência de neoplasias em caninos na cidade de Salvador, Bahia (Achados de biopsias.

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    V. T. F. de Souza

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Estudaram-se microscopicamente 138 amostras obtidas de biopsias de diversos tecidos e órgãos de caninos da região metropolitana de Salvador, Bahia. Foram diagnosticadas 126 casos de neoplasias de vários tipos histológicos, sobressaindo os tumores de pele e os da glândula mamária . PALAVRAS CHAVE: Neoplasias, caninos, tumores, patologia , achados de biopsia , câncer, neoplasmas SUMMARY: Microscopic examinations were performed in the 138 biopsies of various tecides and organs of the canines from the metropolitan regions of Salvador, Bahia. Diagnostic showed 126 cases of the neoplasms of various histologic appearances, must of the teguments and mammary glands tumors. KEYWORDS: Neoplasies, canines, tumours, pathology, biopsies, findings, cancer, neoplasms.

  18. Spatial characterization of poverty in the state of Bahia: an analysis of the 2010 Census

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    Eli Izidro dos Santos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to make a characterization of poverty in the State of Bahia. To this end, it was made the use of spatial analysis tools, understanding that they are very important instruments to aid analysis in several areas of study. Thus, it was possible to measure the most diverse geographic scenarios faster and efficiency. This enables also greater agility in decision making, both businesses and governments in the implementation of intervention policies. And in the case of this study, the proposal for more effective public policies to combat poverty, as the study presents a multidimensional look at this issue from the proposal of the Poverty Index (IMP and compared to the Index ranking Human Development Index (HDI, which is demonstrated by the results found, the it is an efficient index for study of spatial poverty in the state of Bahia.

  19. Industrial radiography in the State of Bahia, Brazil The health protection of workers

    CERN Document Server

    Andrade, A E O D

    1997-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the Regulatory and Inspection Authority for actions developed by industrial radiography enterprises in the State of Bahia, Brazil, concerning health protection of workers exposed to ionizing radiation in industry. Institutions which legislate about this matter at international, national and State level were identified. These legislations were analysed according to recommendations by the Basic Safety Standards from the Atomic Energy International Agency. Medical Supervision is proposed as a factor to warrant protection to worker's health. This is a service evaluation study, encompassing results, processes and structural components. Emphasis is given to the process component which investigated the adequacy of which is performed by employees and workers. Five enterprises which provide industrial radiography services in the State of Bahia were identified, employing forty workers on a temporary basis. This study also observed: intense workforce, a complete process of contracting out in...

  20. The occurrence of Callinectes arcuatus ordway, 1863 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae in Bahia, Brazil

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    Edilson Pires de Gouvêa

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available During the study of the Carcinofauna of the Bahian Coast, some Brachyura Portunidae were found. Some of these animals were Callinectes arcuatus Ordway, 1863 which has its distribution restricted to the Pacific Ocean, from California to Peru and the Galapagos Islands. This is the first occurrence of this species reported from the Atlantic Ocean and the Brazilian Coast (Bahia, 38º50'Wand 12º50'S.Durante o estudo da carcinofauna do litoral baiano, muitos Braquiuros Portunidae foram encontrados. Alguns destes animais foram Callinectes arcuatus Ordway, 1863 que possuia sua distribuição restrita da Califórnia ao Peru e Ilhas Galápagos, no Oceano Pacífico. Esta é a primeira ocorrência desta espécie no Oceano Atlântico e na Costa Brasileira. (Bahia, 12º50'S e 38º50'W.

  1. Teacher training in the formation of the higher education system in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Daisi Teresinha Chapani

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The higher education system in the state of Bahia, Brazil, comprises four universities offering, altogether, several undergraduation and graduation courses, in a number of areas. The system configuration is around 20 years old, but the colleges which gave rise to it were structured back in the late sixties. The aim of this study is to highlight the teacher training role in the system formation. Also, it is presented a discussion on the possibilities and limitations originated from the teacher training colleges in the higher education democratization process. The conclusion is that, although the teacher training courses have been the driving force of the higher education system in Bahia for more than 40 years, the number of vacancies offered by the course is not sufficient to equate the historical problem regarding the lack of titled teachers in the state.

  2. [Polyplacophoran communities (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) at Bahia de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Ríos, Cedar I; Alvarez Ruiz, Migdalia

    2007-03-01

    Eight species of polyplacophorans have been reported from La Bahia de la Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. We add Lepidochitona beanii, Chaetopleura lurida, Stenoplax limaciformis, S. mariposa, Lepidozona clathrata, L. serrata and Acanthochitona arragonites, increasing the known number of species to 15. Ordination analysis of five chiton communities at the site suggests a correlation of wave exposure to species composition and diversity: communities with intermediate wave exposure have more species (richness) and higher diversity (Shannon's index).

  3. Production of marigolds planted on Bahia grass as a function of organic fertilization

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    Samuel Vasconcelos Valadares

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different organic fertilization levels on the production of marigolds (Calendula officinalis L. planted on living perennial mulch of Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum. The experiment was carried out in Montes Claros, on a Cambisol, in an experimental design of randomized blocks with four treatments (0, 3, 6 and 9kg of organic fertilizer m-2 and six replications. The addition of organic fertilizer increased the capitula dry matter mass linearly.

  4. Production of marigolds planted on Bahia grass as a function of organic fertilization

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    Samuel Vasconcelos Valadares

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different organic fertilization levels on the production of marigolds (Calendula officinalis L. planted on living perennial mulch of Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum. The experiment was carried out in Montes Claros, on a Cambisol, in an experimental design of randomized blocks with four treatments (0, 3, 6 and 9kg of organic fertilizer m-2 and six replications. The addition of organic fertilizer increased the capitula dry matter mass linearly.

  5. Karyotype composition of some rodents and marsupials from Chapada Diamantina (Bahia, Brasil)

    OpenAIRE

    LG. Pereira; L. Geise

    2007-01-01

    The Chapada Diamantina (CD) is located in Bahia State, between 11-14° S and 41-43° W, being part of the Serra do Espinhaço. The occurrence of different habitats and transition areas permits an interesting mammal fauna composition, with species from different biomes living in sympatry. Species of Didelphimorphia and Rodentia are important members of mammal communities in almost all different habitats, and morphological and cytogenetic characters are important for a correct identificati...

  6. Karyotype composition of some rodents and marsupials from Chapada Diamantina (Bahia, Brasil)

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, LG.; L. Geise

    2007-01-01

    The Chapada Diamantina (CD) is located in Bahia State, between 11-14° S and 41-43° W, being part of the Serra do Espinhaço. The occurrence of different habitats and transition areas permits an interesting mammal fauna composition, with species from different biomes living in sympatry. Species of Didelphimorphia and Rodentia are important members of mammal communities in almost all different habitats, and morphological and cytogenetic characters are important for a correct identification of mo...

  7. Megafauna do Quaternário tardio de Baixa Grande, Bahia, Brasil.

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    Ricardo da Costa Ribeiro

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available It is presented the first occurrence of the late Pleistocene - Holocene mammals fossils in a gnamma-like deposit in the Baixa Grande municipality, Bahia State. The identified taxa were Eremotherium laurillardi (Pilosa – Megatheriidae, Panochthus greslebini (Cingulata - Glyptodontidae, Toxodontinae (Notoungulata - Toxodontidae and Stegomastodon waringi (Proboscidea - Gomphoteriidae. The inferred ecology for this fauna is related to a savanna/forest habitat, in a more wet climate than the present-day semi-arid climate.

  8. Megafauna do Quaternário tardio de Baixa Grande, Bahia, Brasil.

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo da Costa Ribeiro; Ismar de Souza Carvalho

    2009-01-01

    It is presented the first occurrence of the late Pleistocene - Holocene mammals fossils in a gnamma-like deposit in the Baixa Grande municipality, Bahia State. The identified taxa were Eremotherium laurillardi (Pilosa – Megatheriidae), Panochthus greslebini (Cingulata - Glyptodontidae), Toxodontinae (Notoungulata - Toxodontidae) and Stegomastodon waringi (Proboscidea - Gomphoteriidae). The inferred ecology for this fauna is related to a savanna/forest habitat, in a more wet climate than the p...

  9. [On the founders of the Institute of Mathematics and Physics, University of Bahia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, A L

    The reduced number of female students of mathematics at the University of Bahia School of Philosophy (Faculdade de Filosofia, Universidade da Bahia - FF/UBa) is quite surprising. To date, they are concentrated in areas traditionally viewed as feminine whereas men predominate in the mathematical fields. I have examined interview data from a few women who graduated in mathematics and went on to teach at the University of Bahia School of Mathematics (Faculdade de Filosofia - FF) and at the Institute of Mathematics and Physics (Instituto de Matemática e Física - IMF), where they were soon to outnumber men and constitute the majority of the mathematics teaching staff. In this study, I have investigated the course of their careers over time: from their early student days, through their time as teaching assistants and professors, and finally as founders of the Institute of Mathematics and Physics, in 1960. Special reference is made to Martha Maria de Souza Dantas, organizer of the I Brazilian Conference on Mathematics Teaching, an event which has provided the groundwork for what was to become the Institute (IMF); and to Arlete Cerqueira Lima, the mastermind behind its creation.

  10. A LEXICAL ANALYSIS IN GALICIA AND IN BAHIA: DESIGNATIONS FOR ‘BALD’

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    Cezar Alexandre Neri Santos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a lexical research, providing an analysis of the semantic-lexical variation in Galician and Bahia areas and has as more latent benefit the comparison of data in Brazilian Portuguese and Galician, cognate languages within the linguistic genealogy. Thus, with regard to Galicia territory, the Atlas Lingüístico Galego will be analyzed (BLANCO; GARCIA; FERNÁNDEZ, 2005 and, with regard to Brazil, data from Bahia will be analyzed, recorded in Atlas Lingüístico de Sergipe (FERREIRA et al., 1987. The objective is to examine the linguistic designations for ‘bald’ in two biases: i semantic, providing the motive roots of name formation in the paradigmatic plane of language, understanding the language selection as a political-cultural act; ii lexicographical, checking whether these names are and how they are on historical and etymological, Portuguese and Latin Language dictionaries or not, as well as whether such lexicographical markings have meanings related to baldness. Through these Atlas it is intended to check the type of relationship that can be established between the lexicon for ‘bald’ in Galicia and in Bahia.

  11. COKRIGAGEM NA ESTIMATIVA ESPACIAL DA UMIDADE RELATIVA DO AR PARA O ESTADO DA BAHIA, BRASIL

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    Samira Luns Hatum de Almeida

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A estimativa da umidade relativa do ar para o Estado da Bahia é de grande importância para a atividade agrícola praticada na região, uma vez que essa variável influência em vários aspectos da cultura e também no bem-estar animal, já que a região possui uma forte atividade agropecuária. Com este trabalho se objetivou estimar a umidade relativa do ar no Estado da Bahia por meio da geoestatística, a partir de sua relação com a altitude, utilizando um método de interpolação multivariada, a cokrigagem. A cokrigagem permite obter estimativas mais precisas quando analisadas pares de variáveis. A utilização da altitude como variável auxiliar possibilitou bom desempenho para a interpolação por cokrigagem, sendo recomendada nesse tipo de estudo. A cokrigagem maximizou a variabilidade espacial da umidade relativa do ar no Estado da Bahia, reduzindo a continuidade do fenômeno principalmente nas regiões montanhosas do estado, na região próxima ao rio São Francisco e na divisa com os Estados de Pernambuco, Alagoas e Sergipe.

  12. Rational Consumption of Water in Administrative Public Buildings: The Experience of the Bahia Administrative Center, Brazil

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    Samara Fernanda da Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The government has to lead, by example, the effort for more rational water use. Nevertheless, public buildings in countries like Brazil lack the operational and maintenance organization necessary to induce better environmental practices. This paper presents the results of a five-year effort to control and reduce water use in governmental facilities in Salvador, Bahia. Seventeen state government headquarters in Bahia took part in this initiative. The basic actions taken include: daily monitoring and analysis of water consumption, inspections and adjustments of hydraulic equipment flow, rapid repair of leaks and layout improvements in toilets. All of these are part of the main initiative, which aims to implement water management in the facilities. Ecoteams were created and trained to conduct these efforts. Water control, consumption analysis and communication have been made using AGUAPURA VIANET, an Internet software designed by the Federal University of Bahia for this specific purpose. From June 2008, to December 2013, an estimated 270,000 m3 of potable water have been saved, which represents US$ 2.7 million in water and waste water costs. This represents a monthly savings of 31% in expenses compared to the practices before the program started.

  13. Spatial study of homicide rates in the state of Bahia, Brazil, 1996-2010

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    Tiago Oliveira de Souza

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To analyze the spatial distribution of homicide mortality in the state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. METHODS Ecological study of the 15 to 39-year old male population in the state of Bahia in the period 1996-2010. Data from the Mortality Information System, relating to homicide (X85-Y09 and population estimates from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics were used. The existence of spatial correlation, the presence of clusters and critical areas of the event studied were analyzed using Moran’s I Global and Local indices. RESULTS A non-random spatial pattern was observed in the distribution of rates, as was the presence of three clusters, the first in the north health district, the second in the eastern region, and the third cluster included townships in the south and the far south of Bahia. CONCLUSIONS The homicide mortality in the three different critical areas requires further studies that consider the socioeconomic, cultural and environmental characteristics in order to guide specific preventive and interventionist practices.

  14. Education reform, race, and politics in Bahia, Brazil Reforma escolar, racismo y políticas locales en Bahia, Brasil Reforma educacional, racial e política na Bahia, Brasil

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    Bernd Reiter

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the main findings and conclusions from my field research evaluating education reform in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Data collection was done during two exploratory research trips to Salvador, the state capital, in 2001 and in 2005. The Bahian Education Reform, initiated by the state government in 1999 and funded to a great extent by the World Bank, has achieved some very significant goals, most importantly the expansion of high school education and the broadening of access to primary education in areas where access was far from universal. My research nevertheless points to some sever shortcomings, namely with regard to the situation of Afro-Brazilians. Structural racism provides one of the strongest explanations for this shortcoming. Structural racism in Bahia lowers teachers' and principals' expectations about the potential for academic achievement of poor Afro-Brazilians; structural racism widens the gap between students and principals, contributing to a mutual alienation of this two groups and jeopardizing the creation of strategic alliances and synergies inside schools; and it alienates schools from neighborhoods, impeding meaningful community and parental involvement in school management. Finally, the low recognition that public teachers receive from society as a whole, reflected by low salaries, and a general lack of institutional incentive structures that reward outstanding performance and sanction under-average performance have transformed Bahian public education into a desperado system, where the motivations of teachers and students are systematically grinded and their hopes frustrated.Este artículo discute las conclusiones principales de mi investigación en la que evalúo la reforma escolar en el estado de Bahia, Brasil. La recolección de datos fue realizada durante dos viajes exploratorios de investigación a Salvador, la capital del estado, en 2001 y en 2005. La Reforma Educacional en Bahia iniciada por el

  15. Supply chain management of the castor biodiesel in the Bahia state, Brazil; Gestao da cadeia de suprimentos do biodiesel de mamona no estado da Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freires, Francisco G.M.; Goncalo, Thomas E.E.; Oliveira, Danillo R.S.B. [Universidade Federal do Vale do Sao Francisco (UNIVASF), Juazeiro, BA (Brazil)], E-mail: francisco.gaudencio@univasf.edu.br

    2009-07-01

    In front of the global trend for developing new ways of energy that pollute less and are renewable, Brazil emerges as a major actor in the development and use of technology for the production of biofuels. In the context of the potential of semi-arid to produce some oil used in production, the Brazilian government is enabling the production of Northeastern region. The State of Bahia is the largest producer of castor oil from Brazil, with an estimated production of 102.8 thousand tonnes of grain in the season 2008/2009 (CONAB, 2009). The development of the sector depends on appropriate government actions to support their competitive sustainability, and encouraging the improvement of management techniques in all involved. In that scenario, the logistics contributes to the development of this sector through the supply chain management. One conclusion is that the competitiveness and sustainability of the supply chain of castor in the Semi-arid of Bahia practices depends on the adoption of integrated logistics, without which the current failures prevent the consolidation of governmental objectives defined. (author)

  16. Shallow-water anomuran and brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda from southern Bahia, Brazi l Cangrejos anomuros y braquiuros (Crustacea: Decapoda de aguas someras del sur de Bahia, Brasil

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    Alexandre O Almeida

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the taxonomic composition and ecological aspects of decapods crustacean species belonging to the infraorders Anomura and Brachyura in shallow marine and estuarine waters from southern Bahia, a coastline about 640 km in extent, corresponding to approximately 7% of the Brazilian coast. Sixteen species of the infraorder Anomura and 68 of the infraorder Brachyura are reported for the study area. The most important families in terms of number of species were the Panopeidae with 11 species, and the Ocypodidae and Portunidae with 9. Among the Brachyura, the southern distribution of the species Austinixa leptodactyla Coelho, 1997 (Pinnotheridae, endemic to Brazil, is extended from the coast of Sergipe to Bahía (Prado, Cumuruxatiba Beach, 17°06'18.6"S, 39°10'50.4"W. The ocypodid Uca (Leptuca cumulanta Crane, 1943 and also the pinnotherids Austinixa aidae (Righi, 1967 and Fabia byssomiae (Say, 1818 are reported for the first time from the Bahia coast. The specimen of F. byssomiae examined was collected in the mantle cavity of the clam Macoma constrict (Bruchiére, 1792 (Bivalvia: Tellinidae, a new host record for the species.El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la composición taxonómica y aspectos ecológicos de los crustáceos decápodos pertenecientes a los infraórdenes Anomura y Brachyura, en aguas someras, marinas y estuarinas del sur de Bahia, Brasil, una línea costera con cerca de 640 km de extensión, que corresponde aproximadamente al 7% de la costa brasileña. Para esta area de estudio se registraron 16 especies del infraorden Anomura y 68 del infraorden Brachyura. Las familias más representativas en términos de número de especies fueron Panopeidae, con 11 especies, y Ocypodidae y Portunidae, ambas con nueve especies. Entre los Brachyura, la distribución meridional de Austinixa leptodactyla Coelho, 1997 (Pinnotheridae, endémica del Brasil, se extiende desde la costa de Sergipe

  17. Olodum da Bahia, a History of Cultural Inclusion Olodum de Bahai une inclusion historique culturelle Olodum da Bahia, une inclusión histórico cultural

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    Ruy José Braga Duarte

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the treatment of the Grupo Cultural Olodum with young adolescents Maciel Pelourinho, Salvador - Bahia - Brazil, in the 70 and 80 living in situations of profound social vulnerability and the opportunities were few. The Pelourinho, Salvador Historical Center, this time was inhabited by people who were unable to decent housing, since the site had no basic infrastructure, dominated the robberies, crime, prostitution and drug trafficking.Within this panorama was created Bloco Afro Olodum, the intention to create opportunities for the population of blacks and Maciel Pelourinho Bahia able to play the carnival on a block that had its identity.Cet article relate l’accord passé entre le Groupe Culturel Olodum et de jeunes adolescents de Maciel Pelourinho, Salvador – Bahia – Brésil, qui, dans les années 70 et 80, vivaient dans une situation de profonde vulnérabilité sociale offrant peu d’opportunités. Le Pelourinho, Centre Historique de Salvador, était habité à cette époque par des personnes qui n’avaient pas de conditions de logement dignes, puisque le lieu ne possédait pas d’infrastructures basiques ; les vols, la délinquance, la prostitution et le trafic de drogues prédominaient alors.C’est dans ce contexte que fut crée le Bloc Afro Olodum, afin de permettre à la population de Maciel Pelourinho et à celle des Noirs de Bahia de participer au carnaval dans un bloc à leur image.Este artículo se centra en el trato del Grupo Cultural Olodum con los jóvenes adolescentes de Maciel Pelourinho, Salvador - Bahía - Brasil, que en los años 1970s y 1980s vivían en situaciones de profunda vulnerabilidad social y gozaban de pocas oportunidades. En aquel entonces, el Pelourinho, centro histórico de Salvador, estaba habitado por personas que no podían acceder a viviendas decentes, ya que la zona no tenía infraestructuras básicas, y predominaban robos, crimen, prostitución y tráfico de drogas. En este

  18. Effect of Pasteurization on Flavonoids and Carotenoids in Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. 'Cara Cara' and 'Bahia' Juices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brasili, Elisa; Chaves, Daniela F Seixas; Xavier, Ana Augusta O; Mercadante, Adriana Z; Hassimotto, Neuza M A; Lajolo, Franco M

    2017-02-22

    Orange juice is considered an excellent dietary source of several bioactive compounds with beneficial properties for human health. Citrus sinensis Osbeck cv. 'Cara Cara' is a bud mutation originated from 'Washington' navel orange, also known as 'Bahia' navel orange. The ascorbic acid, flavonoid, and carotenoid contents in pasteurized and nonpasteurized Bahia and Cara Cara juices using two LC-MS/MS platforms were investigated. Higher ascorbic acid content was observed in Bahia compared to Cara Cara in both pasteurized and nonpasteurized juices. Total flavanones content as well as hesperidin levels were higher in Cara Cara with respect to Bahia pasteurized juice. Cara Cara was also characterized by a significantly higher and diversified carotenoid content compared to Bahia juice with a mixture of (Z)-isomers of lycopene, all-E-β-carotene, phytoene, and phytofluene isomers accounting for the highest carotenoid proportion. The exceptionally high carotenoid content of Cara Cara may be particularly interesting for nutritional or functional studies of uncommon carotenes in a citrus food matrix.

  19. Inspection of non-piggable pipelines at PETROBRAS-UN Bahia; Inspecao de dutos nao-pigaveis na PETROBRAS-UN Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves, Luis F.C.; Lopes, Paulo R. [PETROBRAS, Salvador, BA (Brazil). Unidade de Negocios da Bahia

    2005-07-01

    PETROBRAS has made a huge effort to inspect and rehabilitate its pipeline net, mainly over the past 10 years. Currently, E and P inspection teams are being challenged to find feasible solutions for the inspection of non-piggable pipelines, so named because they have unsuitable geometry and/or operating conditions for usual in-line inspections. Inside this pipeline category, flow lines, injection and distribution lines and even non-metallic pipelines may be highlighted. This paper presents the results of tests and developments of new inspection tools for the inspection of non piggable pipelines, future tests to be performed in PETROBRAS/E and P Bahia (UN-BA) and some inspection cases in which the operating conditions hinder the run of smart pigs. (author)

  20. Potencial pedoclimático do Estado da Bahia para o cultivo da atemóia Pedoclimatic potential of the State of Bahia for atemoya cultivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thieres G. F. da Silva

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A cultura da atemóia tem despontado como opção de exploração comercial no Estado da Bahia, mas a expansão de áreas produtoras está sendo realizada sem prévio conhecimento das suas exigências climáticas e pedológicas. Em decorrência disso, o objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um zoneamento pedoclimático para o cultivo da atemóia no Estado da Bahia, com base em indicadores de clima e solo estabelecidos de acordo com as exigências da cultura. Constatou-se, a partir do cruzamento das informações entre os mapas temáticos climático e pedológico, que 19,3% do território baiano apresentam condições adequadas para o cultivo da atemóia. Áreas marginais e inaptas também foram identificadas cobrindo, respectivamente, 13,9 e 24,3% do estado. Verificou-se também que 42,5% das áreas do estado possuem restrições à exploração comercial desta espécie devido, principalmente, às limitações climáticas; entretanto, as áreas que apresentam apenas restrições quanto à deficiência hídrica do solo devem ter o cultivo incentivado pelo uso da irrigação uma vez que as condições ideais dos fatores pedológicos e demais fatores climáticos podem favorecer a obtenção de bons rendimentos.Atemoya crop has become an option for commercial purposes in the State of Bahia. However, the expansion of the cultivated area is being conducted without knowledge of the climatic and pedologic crop requirements. The objective of this work was to carry out a pedoclimatic zoning for atemoya cultivation in the State of Bahia based on established criteria of climate and soil according to crop requirements. By crossing the information between climatic and pedologic thematic maps, it was verified that 19.3% of the state territory exhibited appropriate conditions for crop production. Marginal and unsuitable areas were also identified, covering 13.9 and 24.3% respectively of the state area. Restrictions for atemoya cultivation were also observed in

  1. Novas ocorrências de hepáticas (Marchantiophyta para o estado da Bahia, Brasil New records of liverworts (Marchantiophyta from Bahia State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia de Brito Valente

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Na Serra da Jibóia, foram registradas 13 espécies de novas ocorrências, sendo oito para a região Nordeste: Bazzania aurescens Spruce, Calypogeia peruviana Nees & Mont., Cephalozia crassifolia (Lindenb. & Gottsche Fulford, Lepidozia cupressina (Sw. Lindenb., Pallavicinia lyellii (Hook. S.F. Gray, Plagiochilla diversifolia Lindenb. & Gottsche, Radula kegelli Gottsche ex Steph. e Riccardia fucoidea (Sw. Schiffin., e cinco espécies referidas pela primeira vez para o Estado: Metzgeria albinea Spruce, Plagiochila gymnocalycina (Lehm. & Lindenb. Mont., P. simplex (Sw. Lindenb., Riccardia amazonica (Spruce S.W. Arnell e Symphyogyna aspera Steph. Para cada espécie são fornecidos comentários taxonômicos, ecológicos e distribuição geográfica mundial e no Brasil, além de indicação de literatura contendo descrição e ilustração. Foram realizadas ilustrações para algumas espécies.In Serra da Jibóia were recorded 13 species of new ocurrence wich are eight species from region Northeastern: Bazzania aurescens Spruce, Calypogeia peruviana Nees & Mont., Cephalozia crassifolia (Lindenb. & Gottsche Fulford, Lepidozia cupressina (Sw. Lindenb., Pallavicinia lyellii (Hook. S.F. Gray, Plagiochilla diversifolia Lindenb. & Gottsche, Radula kegelli Gottsche ex Steph. and Riccardia fucoidea (Sw. Schiffin., and five are recorded for the first time from Bahia, State: Metzgeria albinea Spruce, Plagiochila gymnocalycina (Lehm. & Lindenb. Mont., P. simplex (Sw. Lindenb., Riccardia amazonica (Spruce S.W. Arnell and Symphyogyna aspera Steph. from Bahia, State. For each specie are provided taxonomics and ecological comments, geographical general and in Brazil distribution, and indication of literature with description and ilustration. Some species were ilustrated.

  2. A expulsão dos jesuítas da Bahia: aspectos econômicos The banishment of Jesuits from Bahia: economic aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Lyrio Santos

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda a expulsão dos jesuítas da Bahia, enfocando o confisco do seu patrimônio e a venda de suas principais propriedades entre os anos de 1758 e 1763. Em meio à crise enfrentada pela Companhia de Jesus em Portugal na década de 1750, a questão de seu expressivo patrimônio e de sua suposta riqueza mostrou-se fundamental. Ela não se dissocia, no entanto, do amplo conjunto de medidas que configuraram uma verdadeira reforma política do Estado português na segunda metade do século XVIII, a partir da qual as ordens religiosas e a Igreja foram levadas a assumir um novo papel na esfera pública e no corpo político do reino.This article analyzes the expulsion of Jesuits from Bahia, focusing mainly upon the confiscation of their patrimony and the sale of their main properties between 1758 and 1763. Because of the crisis faced by the Society of Jesus in Portugal during the 1750's, the question of its expressive patrimony and supposed richness proved to be a key issue. However, the matter was not dissociated from the ample spectrum of measures that configured a true political reform of the Portuguese state in the second half of the 18th century. From that time on, the religious orders and the Church assumed a new role in the public sphere and in the political body of the reign.

  3. Recovery of different waste vegetable oils for biodiesel production: a pilot experience in Bahia State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Ednildo Andrade; Cerqueira, Gilberto S; Tiago, M Ferrer; Quintella, Cristina M; Raboni, Massimo; Torretta, Vincenzo; Urbini, Giordano

    2013-12-01

    In Brazil, and mainly in the State of Bahia, crude vegetable oils are widely used in the preparation of food. Street stalls, restaurants and canteens make a great use of palm oil and soybean oil. There is also some use of castor oil, which is widely cultivated in the Sertão Region (within the State of Bahia), and widely applied in industry. This massive use in food preparation leads to a huge amount of waste oil of different types, which needs either to be properly disposed of, or recovered. At the Laboratorio Energia e Gas-LEN (Energy & Gas lab.) of the Universidade Federal da Bahia, a cycle of experiments were carried out to evaluate the recovery of waste oils for biodiesel production. The experiences were carried out on a laboratory scale and, in a semi-industrial pilot plant using waste oils of different qualities. In the transesterification process, applied waste vegetable oils were reacted with methanol with the support of a basic catalyst, such as NaOH or KOH. The conversion rate settled at between 81% and 85% (in weight). The most suitable molar ratio of waste oils to alcohol was 1:6, and the amount of catalyst required was 0.5% (of the weight of the incoming oil), in the case of NaOH, and 1%, in case of KOH. The quality of the biodiesel produced was tested to determine the final product quality. The parameters analyzed were the acid value, kinematic viscosity, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, free glycerine, total glycerine, clearness; the conversion yield of the process was also evaluated. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. MEASUREMENT THE LEVELS OF LITERACY IN THE NORTHEAST REGION OF BAHIA (1857-1878

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    Zenaide de Oliveira Novais Carneiro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze, in an exploratory fashion, ecclesiastical and parish records of land ownership, and municipality council notebooks from three localities in the Northeast region of Bahia: Bom Conselho (1857- 1859, Tucano (1865-1869 and Itapicuru (1875-1878, opposing the occurrence of alphabetical signatures or the delegation of signatures with the variables “geographic origin” and “sex” of those involved in the documentation, in order to measure the levels of literacy in this region of Bahia in the nineteenth century. In order to contribute with the process of diffusion of writing practices in the bahian rural society in the threshold of the non census period , by the critical application of what is called “method of the computation of signatures” to documental sources produced by the Law of Lands (1850. The results show that the ability of that type of proprietors in the documentation is relatively high in the cities we´ve investigated: Itapicuru, 86,36%, Tucano, 50,80%, and Bom Conselho, 45,91%. This is a different result if we´re comparing to the remaining population shown in the Census of 1872, once it seems to indicate a specific group, with ownerships, representing a specialization of writing ability and, also, texts mostly written by men (64,08%. Those sources include part of the rural population, specifically the proprietors of lands, and offer an approximate census survey of the ability to write signatures in the context of the regulation of lands. The main objective is to contribute with the history of the Portuguese language in the inland of Bahia, through one of the ways proposed by Houaiss (1985, the penetration of the written language in Brazil.

  5. Analysis of marine turtle strandings (Reptilia: Testudine occurring on coast of Bahia State, Brazil

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    Aline Lopes-Souza

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study provides an analysis of the occurrence and the spatial and temporal distribution of marine turtle strandings found in the south of the State of Bahia. Data was collected between January 2006 and June 2008. This study covers an area of 220 km of the southern coast of Bahia State (northeastern Brazil, and spatial analyses were made considering data collected in three bases suported by Petrobras-Petróleo Brasileiro S/A distributed in the area. The records were sorted according to month and year, species, age group and sex. A total of 260 stranding were reported: 183 of Chelonia mydas (74.1%, the most frequent species. The highest number of strandings was recorded in Gamboa do Morro Base. Juveniles presented the highest densities, but no differences between adults and small juveniles were detected. Males were more frequently stranded in Gamboa do Morro Base, while females were more frequent in Ilhéus Base. An increase in the number of stranding between 2006 and 2008 was noted; moreover, the months with more records were January, February, March, October and December. The number of stranding events was discontinuously distributed in the study area. This study also demonstrated the usefulness of implement different strategies of recording marine turtle strandings: direct monitoring efforts (patrol in remote beaches and educational campaigns applied on beaches frequented by tourists. This study demonstrated that, despite spatial nearby, the three bases attend independent biological systems and show different stranding dynamics, thus different conservancy actions should be implemented in order to improve the knowledge on natural history of sea-turtles in the southern coast of Bahia State.

  6. ORAL CANCER SITUATION IN THE STATE OF BAHIA: ESTIMATES AND ACTION PERSPECTIVES

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    Suélem Maria Santana Pinheiro

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is actually a challenge to Brazilian Public Health, once the number of new cases is growing in last decades. Some studies show that cancer was responsible for 12% of causa mortis in the World, achieving six millions of deaths per year. The aim of this study was to compare oral cancer estimates for Brasil and Bahia state in the years 2006/2007 and 2008/2009, to see the possible evolution of this pathology in the periods and, at same time, find perspectives of action for disease control. For this objective, it was searched the Instituto Nacional do Cancer database for oral cancer Situação do câncer bucal no Estado da Bahia: estimativas e perspectivas de ação incidence estimates for the cited years, observing segregation for sex variable. This way, it was possible to compare both estimates. It was observed in Brasil an increase in the estimated crude incidence rates per 100.000 individuals, with a value of 3,58 in 2006/2007 going to 3,8 in 2008/2009 for females and 10,91 to 11,00 in males. In the state of Bahia, the estimated crude incidence rates increased 2,86 to 3,25 among females and 7,15 to 7,28 among males. However, specifically for the city of Salvador it was noted a decrease in incidence estimates, once the estimated crude incidence rate was 16,00 in 2006/2007 and 14,20 in 2008/2009 for males and 5,72 to 5,21 in females. Educative actions involving health professionals such as physicians, dentists, nurses, health agents and media campaigns that make possible early diagnosis and adoption of preventive measures, consequently improving survival rates and life quality in affected population.

  7. Condições atuais da esquistossomose no "Dique do Tororó" em Salvador, Bahia

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    Ruth B. Amorim

    1976-06-01

    Full Text Available Os Autores apresentam os resultados de observações realizadas entre os anos de 1971 a 1974 sobre a incidência humana da esquistosomose no Dique do Tororó, em Salvador, Bahia, após alí terem sido realizadas melhorias pela engenhària sanitária e medidas de combate biológico ao caramujo vetor pelo uso de peixes predadores. Comparando com os resultados obtidos por outros Autores em 1960, concluem que o Dique do Tororó não mais representa uma importante fonte de propagação da esquistosomose.

  8. [Adoption of information and communication technologies in the dialysis clinics of Bahia State].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Fábio Batista; Ferreira Júnior, Hamilton de Moura

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this article is to investigate the adoption and use of information and communication technologies within private dialysis clinics in Bahia State. A case study was developed with companies by applying, to clinics' managerial teams, a research questionnaire adapted from RedeSist and from PINTEC. The sample included 20 companies, listed by CNES of the Ministry of Health, and obtained a positive usage rate data of 60%. The collected quantitative information was analyzed by interviewees' answer frequency distribution. Conclusion indicates that the adoption of information and communication technologies by the clinics is not directly related to their access to these technologies but to the under usage of their economical potential.

  9. Sintomas de asma e fatores associados em adolescentes de Salvador, Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Mascarenhas, Jean Márcia Oliveira; Silva, Rita de Cássia Ribeiro; Assis, Ana Marlúcia Oliveira de; Pinto, Elizabete de Jesus; Conceição, Jackson Santos; Barreto, Maurício Lima

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO: Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados a sintomas de asma em adolescentes. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com a participação de 1.176 alunos com idade entre 11 e 17 anos, em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Os sintomas de asma foram identificados utilizando-se o questionário padronizado do The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Program (ISAAC), fase III. A avaliação do consumo alimentar dos adolescentes foi obtida por meio de questionário da frequência alimentar (Q...

  10. Perkinsus sp. infecting oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae (Guilding, 1828) on the coast of Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandão, Rosana Pinho; Boehs, Guisla; Sabry, Rachel Costa; Ceuta, Liliane Oliveira; Luz, Mariane Dos Santos Aguiar; Queiroga, Fernando Ramos; da Silva, Patrícia Mirella

    2013-02-01

    This study investigated the occurrence of the protozoan Perkinsus in the oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae on the coast of Bahia State, Brazil. The oysters (n = 900) were collected in February-March and July-August 2010. The Ray's fluid thioglycollate medium (RFTM) analysis of gills and rectum revealed hypnospores of Perkinsus sp. with a high mean prevalence (63%). The infection intensity varied from very light to advanced. The polymerase chain reaction confirmed Perkinsus in 87.2% of the RFTM-positive oysters. Histological analysis showed trophozoites and schizonts phagocytized by hemocytes, mainly in the intestine and the stomach epithelium. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Evaluation of Forest Fire Danger Indexes for Eucalypt Plantations in Bahia, Brazil

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    Larissa Alves Secundo White

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A Forest Fire Danger Index is a valuable tool in forest fire prevention and firefight because it grades fire occurrence possibility on a daily basis. Six Fire Danger Indexes were tested for accuracy based on forest fire occurrence in eucalyptus plantations of the north coast of Bahia, Brazil. They are Angstron, Nesterov, Telicyn Logarithmic Index, Monte Alegre, Rodríguez and Moretti, and Modified Monte Alegre. The results were analyzed using two parameters of the Heidke Skill Score test: Skill Score index and Percentage of Success. The Telicyn Logarithmic Index proved to be the most accurate for the study area.

  12. Medicinal use of insects in the county of Pedra Branca, Santa Terezinha, Bahia, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Josué Marques Pacheco; Eraldo Medeiros Costa Neto

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with the use of insects as medicinal resources by inhabitants of the county of Pedra Branca, which is located in the interior of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil. The survey was carried out from February to May 2001 by conducting open-ended interviews with 52 informants of both sexes, aged over 30. The value of each of the entomotherapeutic resources was estimated through its relative importance (RI), a versatility measure. A total of 27 kinds of insects was recorded as being...

  13. Experiencias de trabalhadores nos caminhos de ferro da Bahia : trabalho, solidariedade e conflitos (1892-1909)

    OpenAIRE

    Roberio Santos Souza

    2007-01-01

    Resumo: A história da estrada de ferro da Bahia ao Francisco, desde a segunda metade do século, foi marcada por diversas experiências de trabalhadores. Naquele período, imigrantes, nacionais e escravos estiveram presentes no mundo de trabalho ferroviário. Enquanto alguns desses homens lutaram para garantir direitos, segundo suas tradições culturais, outros enfrentaram os domínios senhoriais em busca da liberdade de "viver por si". Nos anos que se seguiram à abolição, outros personagens, diant...

  14. VERBENACEAE SENSU LATO EM UM TRECHO DA ESEC RASO DA CATARINA, BAHIA, BRASIL

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    JOSÉ IRANILDO MIRANDA DE MELO

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work carried out a floristic-taxonomic survey of the family Verbenaceae sensu lato in a stretch at the Ecological Station Raso da Catarina, Bahia State, Brazil. Four genera and six species were recorded: Aegiphila, with one species (A. sellowiana Cham.; Lantana, with one species (L. fucata Lindl.; Lippia, with three species (L. gracilis Schauer, Lippia cf. schomburgkiana Schauer and L. thymoides Mart. & Schauer and Stachytarpheta, with one species (S. caatingensis S. Atkins. A key for recognition of the species, descriptions and illustrations, beyond data about flowering and fruiting, geographical distribution and habitat are provided.

  15. Ingestão de resíduos antropogênicos por tartarugas marinhas no litoral norte do estado da Bahia, Brasil Anthropogenic debris ingestion by sea turtles in the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil

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    Gustavo Rodamilans Macedo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho descreve a presença de resíduos antropogênicos no trato digestório de tartarugas marinhas no Litoral Norte da Bahia, Brasil. Foram realizadas necropsias no trato digestório de 45 tartarugas marinhas encontradas mortas (Chelonia mydas n=36; Eretmochelys imbricata n=9, no período de janeiro de 2006 a outubro de 2007. Em 60% (27/45 das tartarugas necropsiadas foram encontrados resíduos, especialmente aqueles relacionados à atividade de pesca. Os resíduos encontravam-se ao longo de todo o trato gastrointestinal, com predominância no intestino grosso. A ingestão de resíduos pelas tartarugas marinhas do Litoral Norte da Bahia pode levar a debilidade e até mesmo provocar a morte destes animais.This study investigates the presence of anthropogenic debris in the digestive tract of sea turtles in the Northern Coast of Bahia, Brazil. Necropsies were performed on 45 turtles, 36 green turtles (Chelonia mydas and 9 hawksbills (Eretmochelys imbricata, found dead between january 2006 and october 2007. Debris was found in 60% of the animals, especially those related to fishing activities. Litter could be found throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract, but it was found predominantly in the large intestine (47.53%. The ingestion of debris by turtles from the Northern coast of Bahia may lead these animals to starvation, weakness and even death.

  16. Perspectives for distributed generation of electricity in the States of Sao Paulo, Bahia and Mato Grosso; Perspectivas da geracao distribuida de eletricidade nos estados de Sao Paulo, Bahia e Mato Grosso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajay, Sergio Valdir; Leite, Alvaro Afonso Furtado [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (NIPE/UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Planejamento Energetico], Email: bajay@fem.unicamp.br; Carvalho, Claudio Bezerra de [Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB), Alagoinhas, BA (Brazil); Dorileo, Ivo Leandro [Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso (UFMT), Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Nucleo Interdisciplinar de Estudos em Planejamento Energetico

    2006-07-01

    This paper addresses the concept of distributed generation of electricity and the current support policies for such kind of generation in the country. Their diffusion perspectives in the States of Sao Paulo, Bahia and Mato Grosso are discussed. The more promising technologies and new policies for them are pointed out. (author)

  17. Fungos anamórficos (Hyphomycetes no Semi-árido do Estado da Bahia, Brasil Anamorphic fungi (Hyphomycetes in the Semi-arid Region of Bahia State, Brazil

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    Flavia Rodrigues Barbosa

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Durante o levantamento de fungos anamórficos associados à folhas em decomposição de diferentes plantas na região semi-árida do Estado da Bahia, 23 espécies, pertencentes a 19 gêneros foram encontradas. Dessas, uma espécie constitui novo registro para a Bahia e três para o Brasil, respectivamente: Drechslera victoriae (F. Meehan & H.C. Murphy Subram. & B.L. Jain, Ochroconis crassihumicola (Matsush. de Hoog & Arx, Pyricularia caffera Matsush. e Tretopileus sphaerophorus (Berk & M.A. Curtis Hughes & Deighton. Descrições, comentários e ilustrações são apresentados para essas espécies.During a survey of the anamorphic fungi associated with leaf litter of different plants from the semi-arid region of Bahia state, 23 species belonging to 19 genera were found. One species is recorded for the first time for Bahia and three for Brazil, respectively: Drechslera victoriae (F. Meehan & H.C. Murphy Subram. & B.L. Jain, Ochroconis crassihumicola (Matsush. de Hoog & Arx, Pyricularia caffera Matsush. and Tretopileus sphaerophorus (Berk & M.A. Curtis Hughes & Deighton. Descriptions, comments and illustrations are provided for these species.

  18. Spatial analysis of migrating Apis mellifera colonies in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Renato L. Jr. Sandes

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Beekeeping in Brazil is growing but also associated with an increase in the number of human and animal accidents involved. In particular, bees of the Apis mellifera species (Africanized bees are known for their aggressive behaviour and frequent swarming activity due to their poor adaptation to the human environment. This study analyzed the spatial distribution of occurrences of migratory swarms of A. mellifera and recorded apicultural accidents in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The association of demographic and climatic variations on places where the swarms occurred was also evaluated. The study is based on data collected within the frame of the “SOS Bees”, a project initiated for the protection of the environment and enforced by a special unit of the military police in Bahia. In the 3-year period from 2000 to 2003, 590 swarms were registered in 75 of the 98 zones of information of Salvador. Three cluster areas, representing 25.4% of all events, were identified. In that period, 316 apicultural accidents were registered involving humans and one involving dogs. The seasonal rise of the monthly average temperature showed an association with the increase of the number of swarming events.

  19. Pedro Ferreira, um escultor baiano desconhecido Pedro Ferreira, an unknown sculptor from Bahia

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    Maria Helena Ochi Flexor

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho é o resultado do início de um estudo sobre o escultor Pedro Ferreira. Embora seja autor de obras importantes, passa quase desapercebido na historiografia da arte baiana. Trata-se de artista que pertence ao tempo em que o neoclassicismo se impunha à cultura Ocidental, porém, ainda restavam, na Bahia, as práticas do período barroco, em especial a cópia dos grandes mestres renascentistas. Pedro Ferreira foi um desses artistas e teve como principal inspirador Murillo, da escola espanhola.This work is the result of a beginning study about a sculptor Pedro Ferreira. Although he was author of important workmanships, he passes almost unknown in the bahian history of art. He was an artist who lives belongs a time when the neoclassicismo was imposed to the Occidental culture, but, still remained in Bahia, the practical ones of the baroque period, in special the copy of the great Renaissance masters. Pedro Ferreira was one of these artists and has inspired, as main artist, Murillo, of the Spanish school.

  20. Amphibians of Serra Bonita, southern Bahia: a new hotpoint within Brazil’s Atlantic Forest hotspot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Iuri Ribeiro; Medeiros, Tadeu Teixeira; Vila Nova, Marcos Ferreira; Solé, Mirco

    2014-01-01

    Abstract We studied the amphibian community of the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) Serra Bonita, an area of 20 km2 with steep altitudinal gradients (200–950 m a.s.l.) located in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau-Brasil, southern Bahia State, Brazil. Data were obtained at 38 sampling sites (including ponds and transects within the forest and in streams), through active and visual and acoustic searches, pitfall traps, and opportunistic encounters. We recorded 80 amphibian species distributed in 15 families: Aromobatidae (1), Brachycephalidae (3), Bufonidae (4), Centrolenidae (2), Ceratophryidae (1), Craugastoridae (7), Eleutherodactylidae (2), Hemiphractidae (2), Hylidae (42), Hylodidae (1), Leptodactylidae (7), Microhylidae (3), Siphonopidae (1), Odontophrynidae (3) and Pipidae (1). Species richness was positively correlated with monthly rainfall. Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome. The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil’s Atlantic Forest hotspot. PMID:25408616

  1. Amphibians of Serra Bonita, southern Bahia: a new hotpoint within Brazil’s Atlantic Forest hotspot

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    Iuri Dias

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available We studied the amphibian community of the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN Serra Bonita, an area of 20 km2 with steep altitudinal gradients (200–950 m a.s.l. located in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau-Brasil, southern Bahia State, Brazil. Data were obtained at 38 sampling sites (including ponds and transects within the forest and in streams, through active and visual and acoustic searches, pitfall traps, and opportunistic encounters. We recorded 80 amphibian species distributed in 15 families: Aromobatidae (1, Brachycephalidae (3, Bufonidae (4, Centrolenidae (2, Ceratophryidae (1, Craugastoridae (7, Eleutherodactylidae (2, Hemiphractidae (2, Hylidae (42, Hylodidae (1, Leptodactylidae (7, Microhylidae (3, Siphonopidae (1, Odontophrynidae (3 and Pipidae (1. Species richness was positively correlated with monthly rainfall. Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome. The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil’s Atlantic Forest hotspot.

  2. The dynamics of dengue virus serotype 3 introduction and dispersion in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Paulo Roberto Santana de Melo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available By 2002, dengue virus serotype 1 (DENV-1 and DENV-2 had circulated for more than a decade in Brazil. In 2002, the introduction of DENV-3 in the state of Bahia produced a massive epidemic and the first cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever. Based on the standardized frequency, timing and location of viral isolations by the state's Central Laboratory, DENV-3 probably entered Bahia through its capital, Salvador, and then rapidly disseminated to other cities, following the main roads. A linear regression model that included traffic flow, distance from the capital and DENV-1 circulation (r² = 0.24, p = 0.001 supported this hypothesis. This pattern was not seen for serotypes already in circulation and was not seen for DENV-3 in the following year. Human population density was another important factor in the intensity of viral circulation. Neither DENV-1 nor DENV-2 fit this model for 2001 or 2003. Since the vector has limited flight range and vector densities fail to correlate with intensity of viral circulation, this distribution represents the movement of infected people and to some extent mosquitoes. This pattern may mimic person-to-person spread of a new infection.

  3. Cerambycidae (Coleoptera do Museu de Zoologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Bahia

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    Ubirajara R. Martins

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Novas espécies em Cerambycinae são descritas do Brasil, Piauí: Compsibidion paragraphycum sp. nov. (Neoibidionini. Em Lamiinae, - do Piauí: Trichohippopsis vestita sp. nov. (Agapanthiini; Oncioderes piauiensis sp. nov. (Onciderini; Cotycicuiara caracolensis sp. nov. (Desmiphorini; Xenofrea peculiaris sp. nov. (Xenofreini; Mariliana bellula sp. nov. (Hemilophini; - da Paraíba: Ataxia arenaria sp. nov. (Pteropliini; Dadoychus atrus sp. nov. (Hemilophini. Novos registros em Cerambycinae para o Piauí: Methia longipennis Martins, 1997 (Methiini; Tropidion sipolisi (Gounelle, 1909, Compsibidion decoratum (Gounelle, 1909, Cycnidolon obliquum Martins, 1969 (Neoibidionini; - para o Ceará: Paranyssicus conspicillatus (Erichson, 1847 (Elaphidiini; Aglaoschema collorata (Napp, 1993 (Compsocerini; - para a Bahia: Stizocera phtisica Gounelle, 1909 (Elaphidiini. Novos registros em Lamiinae para o Piauí: Dolichosybra tubericollis Breuning, 1942 (Apomecynini; Ceiupaba lineata Martins & Galileo, 1998, Cicuiara striata (Bates, 1866, Desmiphora pallida Bates, 1874 (Desmiphorini; Nesozineus apharus Galileo & Martins, 1996, Psapharochrus nigrovittatus (Zajciw, 1969 (Acanthoderini; - para o Ceará: Trichohippopsis rufula Breuning, 1958 (Agapanthiini; Ataxia parva Galileo & Martins, 2011 (Pteropliini; Desmiphora cirrosa Erichson, 1847 (Desmiphorini; - para a Paraíba: Eudesmus rubefactus Bates, 1865 (Onciderini; Laraesima ochreoapicalis Breuning, 1973 (Compsosomatini; Psapharochrus itatiayensis (Melzer, 1935 (Acanthoderini; - para a Bahia: Brasiliosoma tibialis (Breuning, 1948 (Compsosomatini; Adesmus hemispilus (Germar, 1821 (Hemilophini.

  4. Early signals of environmental and health impacts caused by uranium mining in Caetite, Bahia, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brito, Adelson S. de; Rego, Rita de Cassia Franco [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Dept. de Medicina Preventiva. Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Saude, Ambiente e Trabalho; Zucchi, Maria do Rosario [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica da Terra. Lab. de Fisica Nuclear Aplicada; Navarro, Marcus V. Teixeira, E-mail: mvtn@ifba.edu.b [Instituto Federal da Bahia (LAFIR/NTS/IFBA) Salvador, BA (Brazil). Nucleo de Tecnologia em Saude. Lab. de Fisica Radiologica

    2011-07-01

    Uranium mining and processing at Lagoa Real (Bahia, Brazil) in the southwest of Bahia state started in the year 2000.The processing of uranium ore for obtaining U3O8 (yellowcake) is done today in the processing unit of the Brazilian Nuclear Industries INB located in the area of the same municipality above mentioned. The production capacity is 400 tons / year of U3O8, and the reserves in this region are estimated at 100.000 tons of uranium without any other associated minerals, enough to supply the demand for nuclear power plants Angra I and II for over 100 years. Since the granting of AOP (Permanent Operation Authorization) by CNEN (National Commission on Nuclear Energy) in the year 2009, there were some incidents at the facility, such as: solvents and liquid containing uranium overflow; pipes rupture, causing indiscriminate dispersion of toxic acids and other chemical agents; collapse of parts of the slope of the open pit. CNEN admitted in an official press release on April 1, 2011 that 'INB has no capacity to produce annual reports on environmental monitoring (unable to perform radiometric measurements, etc.). The last time a report was released happened in the year 2008. These reports are vital to the environmental impact assessment of the facility'. Another potential source of environmental and health negative impacts on the local population could be linked to radon emission. What are the levels of this important pollutant in the affected areas? (author)

  5. Ants interacting with fruits of Melocactus conoideus Buining & Brederoo (Cactaceae in southwestern Bahia, Brazil

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    Katielle Silva Brito-Kateivas

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2012v25n3p153   Formigas que interagem com frutos de Melocactus conoideus Buining & Brederoo (Cactaceae no sudoeste da Bahia, Brasil. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar quais espécies de formigas interagem com os frutos de Melocactus conoideus e se existe remoção. O estudo foi realizado no Parque Municipal Serra do Periperi, município de Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, área de ocorrência da espécie. Frutos de 30 indivíduos foram marcados e observados durante o dia para identificação do comportamento das formigas. Sete espécies de cinco subfamílias de formigas foram observadas interagindo com os frutos e os gêneros mais envolvidos em interações foram Camponotus e Pheidole. Três eventos de remoção foram observados e realizados apenas pela espécie Pheidole sp. 2. Apesar de M. conoideus não ser uma espécie mirmecocórica, formigas foram registradas como dispersoras oportunistas, atividade que pode ter importantes consequências para a dinâmica populacional da espécie.

  6. Ecological interactions of visceral leishmaniasis in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Italo A Sherlock

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The laboratory and field observations summarized in this paper on visceral leishmaniasis ecology in the State of Bahia, Brazil are based on the author's observations over the past 35 years in a number of state's foci, public health records and literature citations. The disease is endemic with epidemic outbreaks occurring every ten years and its geographical distribution is expanding rapidly in the last years. Leishmania chagasi is the main ethiologic agent of the visceral leishmaniasis but Le. amazonensis s. lato was the only leishmania isolated by other authors from some visceral leishmaniasis human cases in the state. Lutzomyia longipalpis (with one or two spots on tergites III and IV and two sized different populations was epidemiologically incriminated as the main vector. It was found naturally infected with promastigotes, and it was infected with four species of leishmanias in the laboratory. Although the experimental transmission of Le. amazonensis by the bite of Lu. longipalpis to hamsters was performed, the author was not successful in transmitting Le. chagasi in the same way. The dog is the most important domestic source for infection of the vector, however it is not a primary reservoir. The opossum Didelphis albiventris was found naturally infected with Le. chagasi but its role as reservoir is unknown. Foxes and rodents were not found infected with leishmanias in Bahia.

  7. Hawksbill × loggerhead sea turtle hybrids at Bahia, Brazil: where do their offspring go?

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    Maira C. Proietti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Hybridization between hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata and loggerhead (Caretta caretta breeding groups is unusually common in Bahia state, Brazil. Such hybridization is possible because hawksbill and loggerhead nesting activities overlap temporally and spatially along the coast of this state. Nevertheless, the destinations of their offspring are not yet known. This study is the first to identify immature hawksbill × loggerhead hybrids (n = 4 from this rookery by analyzing the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA of 157 immature turtles morphologically identified as hawksbills. We also compare for the first time modeled dispersal patterns of hawksbill, loggerhead, and hybrid offspring considering hatching season and oceanic phase duration of turtles. Particle movements varied according to season, with a higher proportion of particles dispersing southwards throughout loggerhead and hybrid hatching seasons, and northwards during hawksbill season. Hybrids from Bahia were not present in important hawksbill feeding grounds of Brazil, being detected only at areas more common for loggerheads. The genetic and oceanographic findings of this work indicate that these immature hybrids, which are morphologically similar to hawksbills, could be adopting behavioral traits typical of loggerheads, such as feeding in temperate waters of the western South Atlantic. Understanding the distribution, ecology, and migrations of these hybrids is essential for the development of adequate conservation and management plans.

  8. Oral Lesions in Elderly Patients in Referral Centers for Oral Lesions of Bahia

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    Souza, Sarah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The aging population phenomenon is occurring on a global scale; aging affects all of the structures of organisms, including the oral cavity. Objective To estimate the frequency of oral lesions, according to the clinical and histopathologic diagnoses, and to describe the sociodemographic profile of the elderly treated at the referral centers of oral lesions of public universities in Bahia, Brazil. Methods A descriptive epidemiologic study with transverse characteristics was conducted with elderly patients between August 2010 and January 2012. A form was used to collect data. The descriptive analysis consisted of calculating the simple and relative frequencies of sociodemographic variables and oral lesions. Results The population was predominantly black women, and the minority of elderly people were retired. Fibroid (13% and squamous cell carcinoma (145% were more prevalent clinical diagnoses, with squamous cell carcinoma (30.7% and fibrous hyperplasia more prevalent histopathologic diagnoses. Conclusion A prevention policy needs to be implemented to reduce new cases of oral lesions in Bahia, Brazil and to aid in early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of oral lesions.

  9. Amphibians of Serra Bonita, southern Bahia: a new hotpoint within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Iuri Ribeiro; Medeiros, Tadeu Teixeira; Vila Nova, Marcos Ferreira; Solé, Mirco

    2014-01-01

    We studied the amphibian community of the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) Serra Bonita, an area of 20 km(2) with steep altitudinal gradients (200-950 m a.s.l.) located in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau-Brasil, southern Bahia State, Brazil. Data were obtained at 38 sampling sites (including ponds and transects within the forest and in streams), through active and visual and acoustic searches, pitfall traps, and opportunistic encounters. We recorded 80 amphibian species distributed in 15 families: Aromobatidae (1), Brachycephalidae (3), Bufonidae (4), Centrolenidae (2), Ceratophryidae (1), Craugastoridae (7), Eleutherodactylidae (2), Hemiphractidae (2), Hylidae (42), Hylodidae (1), Leptodactylidae (7), Microhylidae (3), Siphonopidae (1), Odontophrynidae (3) and Pipidae (1). Species richness was positively correlated with monthly rainfall. Near 36% of the species were found in strictly forest environments, 15% are endemic to Bahia State and 77.2% are endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome. The large species diversity of this small area, the high degree of endemism and the taxonomic and biogeographic significance turn the Serra Bonita mountain into a hotpoint for amphibians within Brazil's Atlantic Forest hotspot.

  10. Trypanosoma cruzi strains from triatomine collected in Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Aline Rimoldi; Mendonça, Vagner José; Alves, Renata Tomé; Martinez, Isabel; de Araújo, Renato Freitas; Mello, Fernanda; da Rosa, João Aristeu

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Collection of triatomines in domestic, peridomestic and sylvatic environments in states of Bahia and Rio Grande do Sul, Northeastern and Southern Brazil respectively, and isolation of Trypanosoma cruzi strains. METHODS First, the captured triatomines were identified using insect identification keys, then their intestinal content was examined by abdominal compression, and the samples containing trypanosomatid forms were inoculated in LIT medium and Swiss mice. RESULTS Six triatomine species were collected in cities in Bahia, namely Panstrongylus geniculatus (01), Triatoma melanocephala (11), T. lenti (94), T. pseudomaculata (02), T. sherlocki (26) and T. sordida (460), and two in cities in Rio Grande do Sul, namely T. circummaculata (11) and T. rubrovaria (115). Out of the specimens examined, T. cruzi was isolated from 28 triatomine divided into four different species: T. melanocephala (one), T. lenti (one), T. rubrovaria (16) and T. sordida (10). Their index of natural infection by T. cruzi was 6.4%. CONCLUSIONS The isolation of T. cruzi strains from triatomines found in domestic and peridomestic areas shows the potential risk of transmission of Chagas disease in the studied cities. The maintenance of those T. cruzi strains in laboratory is intended to promote studies that facilitate the understanding of the parasite-vector-host relationship. PMID:24897051

  11. Bancos e crédito no desenvolvimento recente da Bahia

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    Elsa Sousa Kraychete

    Full Text Available A partir da distribuição espacial das agências bancárias e indicadores de depósitos e créditos, o artigo apresenta a geografia financeira do estado da Bahia em 2005. Para fundamentar a leitura dos dados, recupera-se a trajetória recente da economia baiana, destacando-se, em seguida, o papel dos bancos e o aporte do crédito como fundamentais para o desenvolvimento regional. Por fim, com base em dados do Banco Central, apresenta-se a posição relativa da Bahia frente às principais praças bancárias brasileiras, a rede de agências, a cobertura do território baiano por agências bancárias, a distribuição espacial dos estoques médios de depósitos e créditos e a hierarquização financeira das principais praças. Dessa forma, o artigo busca estabelecer os nexos entre a dinâmica financeira regional e a reespacialização dessas atividades, associadas à natureza dos ciclos de acumulação da economia.

  12. Determinants of homicides in the state of Bahia, Brazil, in 2009

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    Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To carry out a study of association between socioeconomic and demographic factors and homicides in general population, in the state of Bahia, in 2009. METHODS: This is an ecological study. The data were collected from the database of the Information System about Mortality of the Ministry of Health, from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics and the Institute of Applied Economic Research. The Global Moran index was calculated for the detection of spatial autocorrelation, and the Local Moran index was calculated for the detection of spatial Clusters. The transformation in the variable answer (homicides rates was performed and it was shaped using the Conditional Autoregressive Model. RESULTS: The data showed spatial autocorrelation. Two clusters of municipalities with high rates of homicides were identified, one located predominantly in the Greater Metropolitan Region of Salvador and the other in the South Region of Bahia, especially Eunápolis and Lauro de Freitas, which had the highest rates. The Average Residents Variables, local GDP and the Percentage of Illiteracy presented an inverse association with homicide rates, and the variables Firjan's municipal development index of work and income. Enrolment in high school and the Average of Bolsa Família were directly associated. CONCLUSIONS: The urbanization process, in most cases, not controlled by the State, in most cases, made the cities bigger and with better socioeconomic conditions, attraction centers for people with different socioeconomic levels, increasing the social inequality among the residents of these regions, with parallel increase in homicide rates.

  13. ENRAIZAMENTO IN VITRO DE BROTOS DE JACARANDÁ-DA-BAHIA (DALBERGIA NIGRA VELLOZO

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    Aline Tintori Mantovani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A espécie Dalbergia nigra é conhecida popularmente como jacarandá-da-bahia. Devido ao seu destaque e importância econômica, a exploração para uso madeireiro e a pecuária acarretou devastação no seu ambiente natural o que a incluiu na lista de espécies da flora brasileira ameaçadas de extinção e apesar disso, pouco tem sido feito para a multiplicação desta espécie devido ao seu crescimento lento. A micropropagação é uma alternativa para obtenção de grande quantidade de mudas sadias em curto espaço de tempo. Objetivou-se neste estudo avaliar as condições mais favoráveis ao enraizamento de brotos in vitro, possibilitando a produção de plântulas viáveis. Foram utilizados meristemas apicais e cotiledonares de plântulas de jacarandá-da-bahia, cultivadas em condições assépticas nos tratamentos compostos por meio de cultura MS e concentrações de ANA (0 e 1 µM. O meio de cultura contendo 1 μM ANA após 30 dias de cultivo induziu a formação de raízes, apresentando melhores resultados.

  14. Occupational accidents with exposure to biological material: Description of cases in Bahia

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    Técia Maria Santos Carneiro e Cordeiro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: This study is included in the field of public health in Brazil, in particular occupational health, by the occupational accidents with exposure to biological material consists of a preventable injury. Thus, the objective was to describe risk factors the of occupational accidents with exposure to biological material and the conduct postexposure adopted notified of cases in Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN in the State of Bahia in 2012. Methods: This is a descriptive epidemiological study realized with data from the injuries of notifications SINAN in February 2013, the analysis was realized using descriptive statistics in absolute frequencies and relative. Results: The results indicate a higher occurrence of occupational accidents involving exposure to biological materials in Bahia in the female population (78.1% and aged between 30-49 years (51.5%; the blood was fluid larger contact in accidents 75.2% by percutaneous (71.5%; post-exposure procedures were adopted in accordance recommended by the Ministry of Health; divers information were not fulfilled in the notifications and only 23.8% of Occupational Accidents Comunication (CAT were issued. Conclusion: It is considered necessary to draw up strategies on occupational health and safety, consciousness of workers about the relevance of the measures adopted after occupational accidents with exposure to biological material and the training of professionals for case notification and research to fill all the fields of the notification form and also the issuance of CAT.

  15. [Ants as biological indicators of human impact in mangroves of the southeastern coast of Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delabie, Jacques H C; Paim, Valéria R L de M; Do Nascimento, Ivan C; Campiolo, Sofia; Mariano, Cléa dos S F

    2006-01-01

    Mangroves are common in estuaries along the Atlantic coast of Brazil. Although plant diversity is low, this ecosystem supports a range of animals, offering some resources for non-aquatic organisms. Many insects live in mangroves and, between them, many ant species that are exclusively arboreous. Mangroves throughout the world suffer from high levels of human impact, and this is particularly true for southeastern Bahia, where land-uses include traditional crab and fish exploitation, urban development, refuse pollution, recreation, and timber extraction. The ants of 13 mangrove sites, representing a range of levels of human use, have been studied along 250 km of the southern Bahia littoral, between Itacaré and Porto Seguro. Ants were sampled both inside and on the periphery of the tidal zone, using entomological rainbow, baiting, collect of hollow branches and pit-fall. A total of 108 species have been collected, with the richest genera being Camponotus and Pseudomyrmex, and the most frequent belonging to the genera Azteca and Crematogaster. The ant community living on the periphery of mangrove areas is rather homogeneous regardless of the degree of environmental perturbation, but varies markedly with the disturbance inside the mangroves themselves. The evolution of richness of the both communities, mangrove and periphery, is negatively related to the human effects, even limited to the periphery. Ant communities therefore have the potential to be useful as biological indicators of ecological impacts of land-use in these mangrove systems.

  16. Uso do cartão da criança em Feira de Santana, Bahia Children's care cards use in Feira de Santana, Bahia

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    Graciete Oliveira Vieira

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar o índice de preenchimento do "Cartão da Criança (CC" com ênfase no acompanhamento do crescimento e desenvolvimento em menores de um ano em Feira de Santana, Bahia, 2001. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal. Foram aplicados 2319 questionários às mães das crianças menores de um ano, nas 44 Unidades de Saúde selecionadas por estratificação simples e utilizadas medidas de significância estatística, através do qui-quadrado com pOBJECTIVES: to determine the filling percentage of the "Child Care Card" (CC focusing on the follow-up and development of children under one year old in Feira de Santana, Bahia, 2001. METHODS: cross-sectional study. Two thousand three hundred and nineteen questionnaires were filled by mothers of children under one year old in 44 health clinics selected through simple stratification with the use of statistical significance measurements through the Chi-Square method and p<5,0%. Prevalence ratio was calculated with confidence interval at 95%. RESULTS: 95.5% of the mothers interviewed had the "Care Card". Apgar curves were reported in 28.4 % of the "Care Cards". In relation to growth and development curves 39.6% and 77.9% respectively were not filled. Children of mothers who did not work away from home and/ or with incomes lower than two minimum salaries had a significantly better chance of having their weight reported in the "Care Card". Primiparous and mothers with an education level above elementary school were associated to a higher probability of furnishing development curves information. Residence in the work area of community health agents and infant's age under six months were indicated as protection factors for filling the development curve. CONCLUSIONS: in the population studied, the "Care Card" was not being fully utilized specially concerning development and Apgar data.

  17. Etiologia do declínio de mangostanzeiros no sul da Bahia Etiology of the decline of mangosteen in the southern Bahia

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    Eduardo César Araújo Paim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O declínio do mangostanzeiro (Garcinia mangostana L. no litoral sul do Estado da Bahia é hoje o principal problema da cultura, sendo caracterizado por sintomas de murcha, amarelecimento, seca e queda de folhas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo acompanhar a evolução da sintomatologia da doença, isolar e identificar os potenciais patógenos causadores do declínio do mangostanzeiro. A doença começa com a necrose das radículas, a qual atinge as raízes secundárias, primárias e progride até à base do tronco que desenvolve lesões necróticas extensas. Os sintomas secundários são clorose, murcha e queda das folhas. Das amostras de tecidos lesionados de plantas doentes levadas ao laboratório, foram isolados e identificados os seguintes fungos: Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Lasiodiplodia parva, Mycoleptodiscus sp., Rhizopus sp., Stilbella sp., Trichoderma spp. e Aspergillus sp. Apenas L. theobromae e L. parva foram patogênicas a fragmentos de raízes e caules de mangostanzeiros in vitro e a mudas de mangostanzeiros em casa de vegetação, sendo o isolado da primeira espécie o mais virulento. A taxonomia do gênero Lasiodiplodia e algumas condições que influenciam no desenvolvimento da doença no campo foram analisadas.The decline of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L. in the southern coast of the state of Bahia is today the main problem of the culture, being characterized by symptoms of wilting, yellowing, blight and defoliation. This study was aimed to follow the evolution of the symptoms of the disease, isolate and identify the possible pathogen of mangosteen decline. The disease begins in the roots and progresses toward the canopy, leading to plant death. Samples of infected tissue from diseased plants were taken to laboratory where the following fungal species were isolated and identified: Lasiodiplodia theobromae, L. parva, Mycoleptodiscus sp., Rhizopus sp., Stilbella sp., Aspergillus sp. and Trichoderma spp. Only Lasiodiplodia

  18. Isolation, pathogenicity and disinfection of Staphylococcus aureus carried by insects in two public hospitals of Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Oliveira, Pollianna S; Souza, Simone G; Campos, Guilherme B; da Silva, Danilo C C; Sousa, Daniel S; Araújo, Suerda P F; Ferreira, Laiziane P; Santos, Verena M; Amorim, Aline T; Santos, Angelita M O G; Timenetsky, Jorge; Cruz, Mariluze P; Yatsuda, Regiane; Marques, Lucas M

    2014-01-01

    ... of multidrug-resistant bacterial species. The aim of this study was to isolate staphylococci carried by insects in two public hospitals of Vitoria da Conquista, Bahia and to identify the resistance profile, pathogenicity and efficacy...

  19. Interacciones troficas de las seis especies de peces mas abundantes en la pesqueria artesanal en dos bahias del Pacifico Central Mexicano

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Flores Ortega, J.R; Dominguez, E. Godinez; Rojo Vazquez, J.A; Corgos, A; Galvan Pina, V.H; Sanson, G. Gonzalez

    2010-01-01

    Se analizaron los componentes troficos de las seis especies de peces mas importantes en la captura de la pesqueria artesanal en las Bahia de Navidad y Chamela, ubicadas en la costa de Jalisco, Mexico...

  20. The orchid-bee faunas (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of 'Parque Nacional do Monte Pascoal', 'Parque Nacional do Descobrimento' and three other Atlantic Forest remnants in southern Bahia, eastern Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nemesio, A

    2013-01-01

    The orchid-bee faunas of Parque Nacional do Monte Pascoal', Parque Nacional do Descobrimento' and three other Atlantic Forest remnants ranging from 1 to 300 ha in southern Bahia, eastern Brazil, were surveyed...

  1. Os Papéis dos Stakeholders na Implementação das Parcerias Público-Privadas no Estado da Bahia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sandro Cabral; Antonio Sérgio Araújo Fernandes; Daniel Barroso de Carvalho Ribeiro

    2016-01-01

    ...) in the state of Bahia, Brazil. The research encompassed three experiences in the fields of health, sanitation, and sport/culture and it assessed all stages in the life cycle of each PPP, from the early stage of matching the...

  2. The holocene sequence of the central continental shelf of the State of Bahia, Brazil; A sequencia holocenica da plataforma continental central do Estado da Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freire, Antonio Fernando Menezes; Dominguez, Jose Maria Landim [PETROBRAS S.A., BA (Brazil). Unidade de Negocios de Exploracao e Producao da Bahia. Ativo de Exploracao Avaliacao e Acompanhamento Geologico]. E-mail: fernandofreire@petrobras.com.br

    2006-05-15

    Fifty cores were recovered from the sea bottom in the central portion of the continental shelf of the State of Bahia, between the Marau Peninsula and the city of Olivenca. Thirty six of these cores were collected by divers at up to 40 m deep waters. Fourteen cores were collected by piston cores in areas ranging from the continental shelf to the upper slope. All cores were described, photographed and sampled for grain size and bio stratigraphic analysis. These data were used to prepare textural and facies maps of the continental shelf. The piston cores were run parallel to sub-bottom profiling surveys. Results show that there is a strong reflector located 3 - 4 m below the sediment- water interface, which limited the penetration of the piston cores. This reflector represents a sequence boundary separating the holocene from the pleistocene sequences. A transgressive system tract has been deposited on the top of this surface along with the early stages of the high stand system tract, particularly on the inner shelf. Because of the starved character of this shelf, notably on its external portion, a detailed application of sequence stratigraphy concepts has not been possible. Only at the inner shelf/shore face there is evident pro gradation of siliciclastics over carbonates. Several submarine valleys dissect the outer shelf/upper slope, thus acting as channels that transport continental shelf sediments to the deeper portions of the basin. (author)

  3. Inventário da fauna de Euglossinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae do baixo sul da Bahia, Brasil Inventory of the Euglossinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae fauna of southern Bahia, Brazil

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    Edinaldo Luz das Neves

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results concerning collection of Euglossinae bees in a mangrove ecosystem in Valença(13º22'08"S and 39º04'20"W, Bahia. These samples were made twice a month, for a year. The chemical baits Citronella, Eucalyptol, Eugenol, Metyl Salicylate and Vanillin attracted 1,144 specimens distributed among twelve species and two genera: Eulaema (Lepeletier, 1841 and Euglossa (Latreille, 1802. The predominam bee species was Eulaema nigrita (Lepeletier, 1841 consisting of 49.4% of the collected specimens, followed by Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758 with 44.88%, Euglossa imperialis (Cockerell, 1922 with 2.4% and Eulaema meriana flavescens (Friese, 1899 with 1.6%. Theothers species, considering sporadic visitors, Euglossa securigera (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa chalybeata (Friese, 1925, Euglossa liopoda (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa gaianii (Dressler, 1982, Euglossa townsendi (Cockerell, 1904, Euglossa truncata (Rebelo & Moure, 1995, Euglossa melanotricha (Moure, 1967 and Euglossa sapphirina (Moure, 1968 represented together only 1.8% of the total sample. The Euglossinae were more active from October to May. Eucalyptol was the most attractive bait, attracting 1,120 specimens. Methyl Salicylate attracted 17 specimens, followed by Eugenol, which attracted 04 specimens and Vanillin, which attracted 03 specimens. Citronella was not an attractive chemical.

  4. Novas ocorrências de desmídias filamentosas (Desmidiaceae, Zygnematophyceae para o estado da Bahia, Brasil New records of filamentous desmids (Desmidiaceae, Zygnematophyceae from Bahia state, Brazil

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    Ivania Batista de Oliveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available As desmídias de hábito filamentos são constituídas por filamentos de células relativamente curtos, que se dissociam com certa facilidade. O conhecimento destas algas no estado da Bahia é bastante escasso, até o momento, estando restrito a 13 táxons. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo realizar o inventário taxonômico dos gêneros filamentosos da família Desmidiaceae (Zygnematophyceae, de duas áreas de proteção ambiental, APA Rio Capivara e APA Lagoas de Guarajuba, município de Camaçari, a fim de ampliar o conhecimento destes na Bahia. Foram analisadas 33 amostras coletadas de acordo com os métodos usuais empregados nos estudos de taxonomia de microalgas continentais. Foram identificados 15 táxons distribuídos em sete gêneros (Bambusina Kütz. ex Kütz, Desmidium C.Agardh ex Ralfs, Groenbladia Teiling, Hyalotheca Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Onychonema Wallich, Spondylosium Bréb. ex Kütz. e Teilingia Bourr., dos quais nove táxons constituem-se adições à flora de algas continentais da Bahia, aumentando o total de espécies conhecidas para 22.The filamentous desmids are composed of relatively short filaments of cells that dissociate rather easily. These algae are poorly known today in the state of Bahia, being restricted to 13 taxa. This study aimed to do a taxonomic inventory of filamentous genera of the family Desmidiaceae (Zygnematophyceae from two environmental protection areas, Rio Capivara and Lagoas de Guarajuba, Camaçari municipality, to increase our knowledge of these organisms in Bahia. We analyzed 33 samples collected according to the methods employed in studies of continental microalgae taxonomy. 15 taxa were recorded, distributed in seven genera: Bambusina Kütz. ex Kütz, Desmidium C.Agardh ex Ralfs, Groenbladia Teiling, Hyalotheca Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Onychonema Wallich, Spondylosium Bréb. ex Kütz. and Teilingia Bourr. Of these, nine are additions to the algal flora of continental Bahia, increasing the total to 22

  5. Avaliação da qualidade nutricional em espécies de pescado mais produzidas no Estado da Bahia Quality evaluate nutritional the fisches more consumed in State of Bahia - Brazil

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    Graciele de Queiroz Andrade

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Diversos fatores podem contribuir para a variabilidade na composição das diferentes espécies de pescado. Este trabalho teve como objetivo, identificar as espécies de pescado mais produzidas no Estado da Bahia, avaliar seu valor nutricional e realizar um levantamento das empresas beneficiadoras de pescado do Estado. Um questionário foi aplicado às beneficiadoras de pescado para a caracterização das empresas. Segundo a Bahia Pesca (2005, as espécies mais produzidas são: o camarão-rosa (Penaeus brasiliensis, representando 21,8% da produção estadual; a sardinha (Opisthonema oglinum, 10,2%; os vermelhos com as espécies guaiúba (Ocyurus chrysurus e o ariacó (Lutjanus synagris, 6,6%; seguidos pela tainha (Mugil spp., 4,1%. De acordo com o valor nutricional das espécies analisadas, a guaiúba foi considerada melhor para o consumo, por possuir menor teor de lipídios totais (0,82% e gordura saturada (28,74%. A produção de 43% das beneficiadoras de pescado do Estado da Bahia está entre 10 e 50 ton/mês e a principal dificuldade apresentada foi a falta de investimento do governo no setor.Several factors can contribute to the variability in the composition of the different species of fish. The objective of this work was to identify the most frequently consumed fish species in the State of Bahia to evaluate their nutritional value and to compile a list of fish processing companies in the State. A questionnaire was applied to the companies to characterize them. According to Bahia Pesca (2005, the most frequently consumed species are the shrimp-rose (Penaeus brasiliensis, accounting for 21.8% of the state production, the sardine (Opisthonema oglinum,10.2%, and the reds, especially guaiúba (Ocyurus chrysurus and ariacó (Lutjanus synagris, 6.6%, followed by the mullet (Mugil spp., 4.1%, respectively. Considering the nutritional value of the analyzed fish, the guaiúba was considered the best for consumption due to its smaller content of

  6. Prenatal care quality indexes of public health services in Salvador, Bahia Indicadores de calidad de la asistencia prenatal en Salvador, Bahia Indicadores de qualidade da assistência pré-natal em Salvador - Bahia

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    Enilda Rosendo do Nascimento

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze prenatal care quality indexes of public health services in Salvador, Bahia following the implementation of the Prenatal and Birth Humanization Program (PBHB. METHODS: This quantitative descriptive study was conducted in primary care units in Salvador that adopted the Prenatal and Birth Humanization Program. RESULTS: Few pregnant women registered in the Prenatal and Birth Humanization Program had the benchmark of six prenatal consultations (9.76%. More than half of these registered pregnant women received all basic exams. However, only few women received puerperal consultations (5.66%, which conclude their maternal care. CONCLUSION: Prenatal care in Salvador, carried out through the Prenatal and Birth Humanization Program in 2002, had a low performance in basic exams, and in prenatal and puerperal consultations.OBJETIVO: Analizar indicadores de calidad de la asistencia prenatal prestada por servicios públicos de salud de Salvador/Bahia, después de la implantación del Programa de Humanización en el Prenatal y Nacimiento. MÉTODOS: Estudio cuantitativo realizado en las unidades básicas de salud de Salvador que se adhirieron al Programa de Humanización en el Prenatal y Nacimiento. RESULTADOS: Bajo porcentaje de gestantes inscritas en el Programa de Humanización en el Prenatal y Nacimiento realizaron seis consultas de prenatal (9,76%; más de la mitad de esas mujeres realizaron todos los exámenes básicos y hubo bajo porcentaje de las que se presentaron a la consulta de puerperio (5,66%. Además, apenas el 5,66% concluyeron la asistencia prenatal. CONCLUSIÓN: La asistencia prenatal en Salvador, prestada a través del Programa de Humanización en el Prenatal y Nacimiento en el año 2002, se caracteriza por la baja cobertura realizada por las unidades de salud tanto de consultas prenatales como de exámenes básicos y consulta puerperal.OBJETIVO: Analisar indicadores de qualidade da assistência pré-natal prestada por

  7. Back pain in adults living in quilombola territories of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Luis Rogério Cosme Silva; Assunção, Ada Ávila; Lima, Eduardo de Paula

    2014-10-01

    To analyze the factors associated with back pain in adults who live in quilombola territories. A population-based survey was performed on quilombola communities of Vitória da Conquista, state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. The sample (n = 750) was established via a raffle of residences. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to investigate sociodemographics and employment characteristics, lifestyle, and health conditions. The outcome was analyzed as a dichotomous variable (Poisson regression). The prevalence of back pain was of 39.3%. Age ≥ 30 years and being a smoker were associated with the outcome. The employment status was not related to back pain. The survey identified a high prevalence of back pain in adults. It is suggested to support the restructuring of the local public service in order to outline programs and access to healthy practices, assistance, diagnosis, and treatment of spine problems.

  8. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF ASSAULTS IN FIREARMS AND WHITE GUN INSIDE OF BAHIA

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    Felipe Santos Abreu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to trace the epidemiological profile of firearm assaults and melee weapon, no period of 2009 to 2011, in a General Hospital not interior of Bahia. The analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and data presented as absolute and relative frequencies. From the results, 299 hospitalizations were due to aggression by firearms or bladed weapon, with the highest percentage of victims, young men, aged 20-29 years (39.5%. It is necessary the elaboration and implementation of public policies involving the various segments of civil society and organized to deal with this public health issue with a view to adoption of strategies for the prevention and reduction of morbidity and mortality rates.

  9. A quality assessment of crude palm oil marketed in Bahia, Brazil

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    de Almeida, D. T.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of the quality of crude palm oil (CPO and crude palm olein (CPOL produced in the states of Bahia and Pará were investigated. Twelve oil samples were analyzed; 2 (CPO were from Pará (produced industrially, while the other 10 were from Bahia (3 CPOs and 3 CPOLs produced industrially, while 1 CPOL and 3 CPOs were traditionally processed. The chemical analyses included the determination of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME, free fatty acids (FFA%, peroxide value (PV, induction time (IT, total carotenoids (TC and total polar compounds (TPC. The major saturated fatty acids in these samples were palmitic (34.79-42.89 g 100 g–1 and stearic (4.49-5.84 g 100 g–1 acid, and the main unsaturated fatty acids were oleic (37.31-43.69 g 100 g–1 and linoleic (9.04- 12.74 g100 g–1 acid. All samples produced in Bahia exhibited higher FFA (6.77-13.49% and TPC (13.71-19.50% levels than permitted in the international quality standards, unlike the samples produced in Pará. TC, PV and IT ranged from 422.1 to 584.2 mg g–1, 1.32 to 3.7 meq O2 kg–1 oil and 1.72 to 4.66 h, respectively. PV, FFA and TPC were inversely correlated with TC and IT. The use of inappropriate oil extraction processes in Bahia is clearly becoming a food safety problem.Las características de calidad del aceite de palma crudo (CPO y oleína de palma cruda (CPOL producidos en los estados de Bahía y Pará fueron investigados. Se analizaron doce muestras de aceites; 2 (CPO eran de Pará (producido industrialmente, mientras que las otras 10 procedían de Bahía (3 CPOs y 3 CPOLs producidos industrialmente, mientras que 1 CPOL y 3 CPOs fueron procesadas tradicionalmente. El análisis químico incluyó la determinación de ésteres metílicos de ácidos grasos (FAME, ácidos grasos libres (FFA%, índice de peróxido (PV, el tiempo de inducción (TI, los carotenoides totales (TC y el total de compuestos polares (TPC. Los principales ácidos grasos saturados en estas muestras

  10. Medicinal use of insects in the county of Pedra Branca, Santa Terezinha, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué Marques Pacheco

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the use of insects as medicinal resources by inhabitants of the county of Pedra Branca, which is located in the interior of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil. The survey was carried out from February to May 2001 by conducting open-ended interviews with 52 informants of both sexes, aged over 30. The value of each of the entomotherapeutic resources was estimated through its relative importance (RI, a versatility measure. A total of 27 kinds of insects was recorded as being medicinally useful in the treatment of locally diagnosed illnesses and symptoms. The order Hymenoptera was predominant, with 12 kinds represented. The recording of the usage of medicinal insects in this locality provides a relevant contribution to the phenomenon of zootherapy. Biochemical and pharmacological studies are needed to promote the development of new drugs for the improvement of human health.

  11. [Professional Burnout Syndrome of intensive care physicians from Salvador, Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tironi, Márcia Oliveira Staffa; Nascimento Sobrinho, Carlito Lopes; Barros, Dalton de Souza; Reis, Eduardo José Farias Borges; Marques Filho, Edson Silva; Almeida, Alessandro; Bitencourt, Almir; Feitosa, Ana Isabela Ramos; Neves, Flávia Serra; Mota, Igor Carlos Cunha; França, Juliana; Borges, Lorena Guimarães; Lordão, Manuela Barreto de Jesus; Trindade, Maria Valverde; Teles, Marcelo Santos; Almeida, Mônica Bastos T; Souza, Ygor Gomes de

    2009-01-01

    Describe prevalence of the Burnout syndrome in intensive care physicians of Salvador, associated to demographic data and aspects of the work environment (psychological demand and job control). This cross sectional study has investigated the association between work conditions and Burnout Syndrome in a population of 297 Intensive Care Physicians from Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. An individual, self-report questionnaire evaluated the physicians' psychological aspects of work, using the demand-control model (Job Content Questionnaire) and their mental health, using the Maslash Burnout Inventory (MBI). The study found work overload,a high proportion of on duty physicians and low income for the hours worked. Prevalence of the Burnout Syndrome was 7.4% and it was more closely associated with aspects of the job's psychological demand than with its control. Physicians under great stress (high demand and low control) presented prevalence of the Bornout Syndrome 10.2 times higher than those under low stress (low demand and high control) jobs.

  12. ADJUVANT PHARMACOTERAPEUTICAL PROFILE OF ONCOLOGICAL PATIENTS FROM A WELCOMING HOUSE INSIDE THE BAHIA

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    Phydel Palmeira Carvalho

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is one of the most important public health problems worldwide and is among the main causes of death. The purpose of this study is to outline the adjuvant pharmacotherapeutic profile in the palliative support of cancer patients in a nursing home in the city of Vitória da Conquista - Bahia. Twenty-seven individuals over 40 years of age were interviewed, the variables studied were socioeconomic, comorbidities and palliative medication prescriptions. The research was performed during the months of October to December 2014. The most frequent signs and symptoms were weakness (96%, pain (70%, constipation (67% and insomnia (67%. The main adjuvant treatments were treatment of cancer pain (30.7% and inhibition of emesis (28.4%. It is concluded that palliative pharmacotherapeutic support was used in the treatment of cancer patients, with prevalence of drugs for pain, nausea and emesis control, as well as prophylaxis of ulcerations.

  13. [Overweight and abdominal obesity in adults in aquilombocommunity in Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Daniela Arruda; Barreto, Sandhi Maria

    2014-02-01

    This study analyzes nutritional status, estimates the prevalence of overweight and abdominal obesity, and investigates factors associated with these outcomes in a two-stage random sample of adults (> 20 years) in quilombos (communities that descend from African slaves) in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia State, Brazil, in 2011. Among 739 participants, prevalence rates were 31.8% and 10.2% for overweight and obesity, respectively, and 55.7% for increased waist-to-height ratio (> 0.50). Prevalence of overweight was higher among 30-39-year-olds, while abdominal obesity was more frequent among older individuals. Female sex, eating chicken or beef with untrimmed fat, and hypertension were associated with higher odds of overweight and abdominal obesity, while smoking and single marital status were associated with lower odds. The results show high prevalence rates for overweight and abdominal obesity in these very poor and socially isolated communities. Specific preventive and control measures are urgently needed.

  14. [Oral health care and health decentralization in Brazil: two case studies in Bahia State].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves, Sônia Cristina Lima; Vieira-da-Silva, Lígia Maria

    2007-05-01

    A comparative case study was performed in two selected municipalities in the State of Bahia, Brazil, to discuss the relationship between health system decentralization and characteristics of oral health services. A logical model was developed and submitted to an expert panel. Data were gathered through in-depth interviews, field observation, and analysis of secondary data from the national Health System database. The results point to the influence of municipal government characteristics on oral health practice. One municipality was classified as having an intermediate standard of oral health system implementation (50%), while the other showed only 11% implementation. The study showed that the decentralization process has not been accompanied by an effort to improve management capacity in the local oral health services, despite the transfer of funds to this area.

  15. [The implementation of decentralized health systems: a comparative study of five cases in Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira-da-Silva, Ligia Maria; Hartz, Zulmira M Araújo; Chave, Sônia Cristina Lima; da Silva, Gerluce Alves Pontes; Paim, Jairnilson Silva

    2007-02-01

    Understanding the effects of health decentralization policies in Brazil requires different methodological approaches to capture the issue's complexity from distinct angles. Five case studies were thus performed to evaluate the degree of implementation of components related to decentralization of the health system management in selected municipalities (counties) in Bahia State, Brazil. A logical model was elaborated with definitions related to policy goals. A comparative study of the five municipalities, considered "exemplary cases", showed that decentralization alone does not explain the organizational changes in the municipal health systems. Local government characteristics such as the municipal master plan, governing capacity, and governance proved important for heath care changes. The main problems and insufficiencies were found in the system's management and quality of healthcare delivered to the population. The authors discuss their findings and identify critical areas for future interventions with special emphasis on the institutionalization of planning and evaluation and the development of inter-sector projects.

  16. [Prevalence of common mental disorders in nursing workers at a hospital of Bahia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Eder Pereira; Rodrigues, Urbanir Santana; Oliveira, Luciana de Matos Mota; Laudano, Rodrigo Cunha Sales; Sobrinho, Carlito Lopes Nascimento

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to describe the prevalence of "suspected" of common mental disorders (CMD) in nursing workers at a general hospital in the state of Bahia. It was carried out a cross-sectional epidemiological study with 309 nursing workers, who worked in welfare activities in a large hospital. The nurses mentioned overwork and low pay. The most frequent health complaints were related to body posture and mental health. The overall prevalence of "suspected" of CMD was 35.0%. Regarding the psychosocial aspects of work, it was reported high psychological demand and low control over their work activities. The results indicated that the working and health conditions observed are not suitable for the effective realization of nursing work in the hospital.

  17. First records of Zygnematales (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta for the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Ivania Batista de Oliveira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the first taxonomic inventory of the order Zygnematales in the Litoral Norte Environmentally Protected Area, in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Fifty samples of planktonic and periphytic material were collected, from lotic and lentic environments, during the summer (January-March and winter (June-August of 2009. We identified 18 taxa distributed among five genera (Cylindrocystis, Mougeotia, Netrium, Spirogyra, and Spirotaenia. Of those 18 taxa, eight were new additions to the Brazilian desmid flora: Mougeotia calcarea; Mougeotia elegantula; Spirogyra gracilis; Cylindrocystis crassa var. elliptica; Cylindrocystis brebissonii var. minor; Cylindrocystis brebissonii var. turgida; Netrium digitus var. parvum; and Netrium oblongum var. oblongum. The geographical distributions of ten taxa were extended to include northeastern Brazil.

  18. A new species of Leiostracus from Bahia, Brazil (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Orthalicidae

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    Rodrigo B. Salvador

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A remarkable new species of pulmonate snail was recently collected in a small Atlantic Rainforest fragment near the city of Canavieiras, state of Bahia, Brazil, an area known for a high diversity of land snails. It is described herein as Leiostracus fetidus sp. nov. and can be easily identified by its color pattern of irregular brown to black axial stripes on a white to yellow background, a reddish axial band "separating" the white peristome from the rest of the shell and a broad brown spiral band surrounding the umbilical region. Other diagnostic features include a relatively small size, a proto columellar fold and two very weak folds delimiting the basal region of the aperture. This discovery is a reminder of how little this fauna is known and also an alarm for proper conservation of these forest fragments.

  19. Expressão da tristeza em camada popular urbana de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

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    Costa Lívia Alessandra F. da

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo examina as peculiaridades da expressão da emoção em um bairro popular de Salvador, Bahia, o Nordeste de Amaralina. Focalizando nossa exploração na expressão da tristeza, tentamos construir um esquema que possibilite a compreensão de como os informantes percebem, identificam e lidam com esta emoção no curso de suas vidas cotidianas. Perseguindo este objetivo, construímos uma rede semântica que revela a existência de três agrupamentos principais de expressão emocional: um grupo "interior", um "corporal" e outro "interativo". Observamos também as superposições entre o universo da expressão emocional e o conceito de pessoa local.

  20. [Hygiene practices in a street market in the city of Salvador, Bahia State].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnaert, Ana Cláudia de Sá Teles; Freitas, Maria do Carmo Soares

    2010-06-01

    The main objective of this research is to understand the meaning of the practices concerning food hygiene in a street market in Salvador, the capital of Bahia State in Brazil. The ethnographic study presents two main categories for symbolic production related to hygiene practices: cleanliness as order and dirtiness as disorder. These cultural codes make correspondence with the studies of Mary Douglas and Nobert Elias. The codes present particularities to decode everyday life, in which concept and hygiene practices are aspects normalized, in daily activity, for persons who share the space of street market: vendors, consumers, street cleaners and official inspectors. The techno-scientific knowledge and sanitary legislation are strange to the symbolic system of street market vendors. The laws are ineffective and their influence is of little importance in the creation of hygiene practices. Official inspectors' attitudes are coercive and punitive and do not take into account any cultural values when enforcing new hygiene practices.

  1. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF CHILDREN INFECTED CONGENITAL SYPHILIS IN JEQUIÉ/BAHIA

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    Marizete Argolo Teixeira

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Research aimed to describe the epidemiological and demographic profile of children infected with congenital syphilis. Descriptive epidemiological character quantitative study, was developed through time-series of the years 2009 to 2013 – in Jequié, Bahia, Brazil – from the data obtained in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases. The results showed that there were 111 cases of maternal syphilis, resulting in 39 cases of congenital syphilis. Of the notified pregnant women, (74% underwent prenatal care, (92% had incomplete primary education, (84% were black and mulatto, (64% with late pregnancy diagnosis, (36% with inadequate treatment and (77% of their partners did not undergo treatment, (86% live births and (64% were female. We conclude that a there is a high number of maternal and congenital syphilis in our municipality causing a public health problem, requiring that measures of prevention, early diagnosis and adequate treatment ought to be implemented in order to prevent vertical transmission.

  2. Performance of Nellore and F1 (Red Angus x Nellore raised on pasture in southern Bahia

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    Amauri Arias Wenceslau

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Twenty Nelore and twenty F1 cattle (½ Red Angus, ½ Nelore, average age 12 months were compared in pastured raised at southern Bahia, in relation to production characteristics: initial weight (IW, final weight (FW, weight gain, average daily gain (ADG and total weight gain (WG, infection by endoparasites and heat tolerance (HT. To analyze the effect of genetic group, it was stabilished effects that could influence these characteristics and performed variance analysis using the program SAS. The results showed that IW, FW, ADG and WG of crossbred were statistically different in comparison to zebu cattle. Related to infection by endoparasites and heat tolerance there were no statistical differences between genetic groups.

  3. [Identification of schistosomiasis risk areas using spatial analysis in Lauro de Freitas, Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardim, Luciana Lobato; Ferraudo, Antonio Sergio; Pacheco, Selma Turrioni Azevedo; Reis, Renato Barbosa; Silva, Marta Mariana Nascimento; Carneiro, Deborah Daniela M Trabuco; Bavia, Maria Emilia

    2011-05-01

    The spread of schistosomiasis mansoni defies efforts by Brazil's Unified National Health System, thus demonstrating the need to reassess endemic control programs in the country. The aim of this study was to demarcate geographic areas at risk of schistosomiasis in Lauro de Freitas, Bahia State, Brazil, and to establish the epidemiological and socioeconomic profile of the disease in this municipality (county). Kernel density estimator exploratory analysis was used for visual identification of areas at risk. Kulldorff & Nagarwalla's spatial analysis was used to obtain statistically significant clusters and to measure risk. These technologies identified four risk areas for schistosomiasis. Clusters identified within the risk areas were characterized by lower socioeconomic conditions. Multiple correspondence analyses showed a distinct profile for positive patients in the primary cluster. The techniques employed here represent an important methodological acquisition for tracking and controlling schistosomiasis in Lauro de Freitas.

  4. Epidemiological profile of assaults in firearms and white gun inside of bahia

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    Felipe Santos Abreu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to trace the epidemiological profile of firearm assaults and melee weapon, no period of 2009 to 2011, in a General Hospital not interior of Bahia. The analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and data presented as absolute and relative frequencies. From the results, 299 hospitalizations were due to aggression by firearms or bladed weapon, with the highest percentage of victims, young men, aged 20-29 years (39.5%. It is necessary the elaboration and implementation of public policies involving the various segments of civil society and organized to deal with this public health issue with a view to adoption of strategies for the prevention and reduction of morbidity and mortality rates.

  5. [Inter-sector social mobilization for dengue control in Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Elvira Caires de; Vilasbôas, Ana Luiza Queiroz

    2011-08-01

    Discussions on the health-disease process and health promotion indicate the need to reach beyond the limits of the health sector itself to link knowledge from various fields in order to promote better health conditions for the population. Inter-sector approaches have thus emerged as a new rationale for guiding public policies. This study aimed to analyze the implementation of inter-sector actions in social mobilization for dengue control in Bahia State, Brazil, from 2008 to 2009, using evaluative research. A log frame was developed to define criteria for assessing the degree of implementation of the above-mentioned actions (implemented; partially implemented; not implemented). The results identified political support from government agencies as the main positive factor for inter-sector practices. Barriers included the concentration of responsibilities in a single sector and lack of planning as a work tool. The results emphasize inter-sector linkage as a persistent challenge.

  6. Evaluation of umbu-caja germplasm in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Rogério Ritzinger

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The umbu-caja is a tree native to the Northeastern region of Brazil, with promising perspectives of economicuse. Aiming to detect variability in the species, 43 umbu-caja genotypes were identified in 14 counties of the state of Bahia,Brazil. Fruits of these genotypes were collected for physical, chemical and physico-chemical analysis. The range of variationof all analyzed traits was large. Among genotypes, there was, however, predominance of pear-shaped to slightly pear-shapedfruits, fruit weight ranging from 15 g to 27 g, pulp/seed index around 2.0, total titratable acidity between 1.5 and 2.6%, totalsoluble solids between 9.0º and 14.0º Brix, and vitamin C content ranging from 3.6 to 16.4 mg ascorbic acid 100g pulp-1. Thepresence of seeds in genotypes ranged from 5 to 100 % of fruits without seeds.

  7. Areas of natural occurrence of Melipona scutellaris Latreille, 1811 (Hymenoptera: Apidae in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Rogério M.O. Alves

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The bee Melipona scutellaris is considered the reared meliponine species with the largest distribution in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil, with records from the state of Rio Grande do Norte down to the state of Bahia. Considering the importance of this species in the generation of income for family agriculture and in the preservation of areas with natural vegetation, this study aimed at providing knowledge on the distribution of natural colonies of M. scutellaris in the state of Bahia. Literature information, interviews with stinglessbee beekeepers, and expeditions were conducted to confirm the natural occurrence of the species. A total of 102 municipalities showed records for M. scutellaris, whose occurrence was observed in areas ranging from sea level up to 1,200-meter height. The occurrence of this species in the state of Bahia is considered to be restricted to municipalities on the coastal area and the Chapada Diamantina with its rainforests. Geographic coordinates, elevation, climate and vegetation data were obtained, which allowed a map to be prepared for the area of occurrence in order to support conservation and management policies for the species.A abelha Melipona scutellaris é considerada a espécie criada de meliponíneo com maior distribuição no norte e nordeste do Brasil, com ocorrência registradas desde o Estado do Grande do Norte até o Estado da Bahia. Considerando a importância desta espécie na geração de renda para agricultura familiar e na manutenção de áreas com vegetação natural, este trabalho teve como objetivo conhecer a distribuição de colônias naturais de M. scutellaris no Estado da Bahia. Informações de literatura, entrevistas com meliponicultores e expedições foram realizadas para confirmar a ocorrência natural da espécie. Um total de 102 municípios apresentou registro de M. scutellaris, cuja ocorrência foi observada em áreas desde o nível do mar até 1.200 metros de altitude. A

  8. Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma treatment in Bahia, Brazil

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    Pedro Dantas Oliveira

    Full Text Available Abstract Background: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is a peripheral disease associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. Treatment is carried out according to clinical type with watchful waiting being recommended for less aggressive types. Aggressive adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is generally treated with chemotherapy and/or antivirals. The objective of this study was to correlate the survival of patients diagnosed in Bahia, Brazil, with the therapeutic approaches employed and to evaluate what issues existed in their treatment processes. Methods: Eighty-three adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma patients (26 smoldering, 23 chronic, 16 acute, 13 lymphoma and five primary cutaneous tumoral with available data were included in this study. Results: Complete response was achieved in seven smoldering patients with symptomatic treatment, in two with chronic disease using antivirals/chemotherapy, in one with acute disease using antivirals and in one lymphoma using the LSG15 regimen [vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisolone (VCAP; doxorubicin, ranimustine, and prednisolone (AMP; and vindesine, etoposide, carboplatin, and prednisolone (VECP]. Smoldering patients who received symptomatic treatment presented longer survival. Favorable chronic patients treated with antivirals presented longer survival compared to the unfavorable subtype. However, for the acute form, first-line chemotherapy was better, albeit without significance, than antivirals. Only one of the patients with lymphoma and primary cutaneous tumors responded. Conclusions: Watchful waiting associated with phototherapy represents the best option for smoldering adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma with survival in Bahia being superior to that described in Japan. There was a trend of better results with zidovudine/interferon-alpha in favorable chronic disease. Excellent results were achieved in the lymphoma type treated with the LSG15 protocol. Patients are diagnosed late

  9. β-globin haplotypes in normal and hemoglobinopathic individuals from Reconcavo Baiano, State of Bahia, Brazil

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    Wellington dos Santos Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Five restriction site polymorphisms in the β-globin gene cluster (HincII-5'ε, HindIII-Gγ, HindIII-ªγ, HincII-'ψβ1 and HincII-3''ψβ1 were analyzed in three populations (n = 114 from Reconcavo Baiano, State of Bahia, Brazil. The groups included two urban populations from the towns of Cachoeira and Maragojipe and one rural Afro-descendant population, known as the "quilombo community", from Cachoeira municipality. The number of haplotypes found in the populations ranged from 10 to 13, which indicated higher diversity than in the parental populations. The haplotypes 2 (+----,3(----+,4(-+--+and6(-++-+onthe βA chromosomes were the most common, and two haplotypes, 9 (-++++and 14 (++--+, were found exclusively in the Maragojipe population. The other haplotypes (1, 5, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 16 had lower frequencies. Restriction site analysis and the derived haplotypes indicated homogeneity among the populations. Thirty-two individuals with hemoglobinopathies (17 sickle cell disease, 12 HbSC disease and 3 HbCC disease were also analyzed. The haplotype frequencies of these patients differed significantly from those of the general population. In the sickle cell disease subgroup, the predominant haplotypes were BEN (Benin and CAR (Central African Republic, with frequencies of 52.9% and 32.4%, respectively. The high frequency of the BEN haplotype agreed with the historical origin of the afro-descendant population in the state of Bahia. However, this frequency differed from that of Salvador, the state capital, where the CAR and BEN haplotypes have similar frequencies, probably as a consequence of domestic slave trade and subsequent internal migrations to other regions of Brazil.

  10. Chromosome numbers for Anthurium and Philodendron spp. (Araceae occurring in Bahia, Brazil

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    Ana Lúcia Pires Cotias-de-Oliveira

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Chromosome numbers for four species of Anthurium and four species of Philodendron from Bahia, Brazil, were determined. New counts 2n = 30 for A. longipes and A. affine, 2n = 32 for P. pedatum and 2n = 34 P. blanchetianum and P. pachyphyllum represent the first reports for these species. The 2n = 32 found for P. imbe and 2n = 90 for A. bellum differ from earlier reports, whereas 2n = 30 and 60 for A. pentaphyllum var. pentaphyllum confirms previous counts. A. affine had one to four B-chromosomes. We suggest secondary base numbers x = 15 for Anthurium and x = 16, 17 and 18 for Philodendron, produced by hybridizations and duplications involving the primary base numbers x = 7, 8 and 9.O número de cromossomos de quatro espécies de Anthurium e quatro espécies de Philodendron coletadas no Estado da Bahia, Brasil, foi determinado. As contagens 2n = 30 para A. longipes e A. affine, 2n = 32 para P. pedatum e 2n = 34 para P. blanchetianum e P. pachyphyllum representam o primeiro registro para estas espécies. Os números diplóides 2n = 32 encontrado para P. imbe e 2n = 90 para A. bellum diferem de registros anteriores, enquanto 2n = 30 e 60 para A. pentaphyllum var. pentaphyllum confirmam determinações anteriores. A. affine tem um a quatro cromossomos B. Nós sugerimos o número básico secundário x = 15 para Anthurium e x = 16, 17 e 18 para Philodendron, produzidos por hibridações e duplicações envolvendo os números básicos primários x = 7, 8 e 9.

  11. Evaluation of toxicity of polluted marine sediments from Bahia Salina Cruz, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Lozano, Maria Cristina; Mendez-Rodriguez, Lia C; Maeda-Martinez, Alejandro M; Murugan, Gopal; Vazquez-Botello, Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    Bahia Salina Cruz, Oaxaca, Mexico is a major center of oil and refined product distribution on the Mexican Pacific coast. From the start of oil industry operations in 1979, negative effects from discharges of treated effluents in the bay have been a constant concern for local communities. We analyzed 28 surface sediment samples obtained in June, 2002 to evaluate the level of toxicity in the littoral zone, port-harbor, and La Ventosa estuary in Bahia Salina Cruz. The extractable organic matter concentration was high (1,213 to 7,505 micro g g(-1)) in 5 of 7 stations from the port and harbor, whereas it was low in 12 of 16 stations in the littoral zone (36 to 98 micro g g(-1)). The total aromatic hydrocarbon concentration was highest (57 to 142 micro g g(-1)) in the port and harbor compared to the La Ventosa estuary and the littoral zone. Among the heavy metals analyzed, cadmium exceeded the effects range-low values associated with adverse biological effects. The geo-accumulation index of sediments was moderate to strong contamination at 5 stations in the nonlittoral and 6 stations in the littoral zone. The enrichment of lead, zinc, and cadmium at 5 stations from the littoral, port, and harbor suggest that these metals are of anthropogenic origin. Bioassay tests of elutriates of sediments on nauplii of Artemia franciscana and Artemia sp. showed that the port and harbor were more toxic than the La Ventosa estuary and the coastal zone. The Microtox test (Vibrio fischeri) did not show a similar response with the solid phase of the sediments. The results of this study indicate that the high levels of organic content and metals in the sediments of port-harbor and the La Ventosa estuary are mainly caused by anthropogenic activities.

  12. A espetacularidade da performance ritual no Reisado do Mulungu (Chapada Diamantina - Bahia

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    Eloísa Brantes

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available O ritual de visita do Reisado, prática religiosa do catolicismo rural, se baseia nas relações de troca material/espiritual entre o grupo de devotos e as pessoas visitadas. Os Santos de devoção abençoam as casas através da visita anual do Reisado. Este artigo sobre a dimensão espetacular do corpo nesse ritual focaliza os processos de montagem da performance analisando as interações entre devotos/santos/donos das casas. O ponto de partida é o estudo do Reisado na comunidade negra rural Mulungu (Município de Boninal - Chapada Diamantina/Bahia desenvolvido através de pesquisa etnográfica e das conexões entre teatro/ritual, traçadas por Jerzy Grotowski no campo da Antropologia Teatral.The visita do Reisado ritual, religious practice of the popular rural catholicism, is based on material/spiritual exchange relations between the group of worshippers and the visited people. The Saints of devotion bless the houses through the annual visita do Reisado ritual. This article on the spectacular body's dimension in this ritual focuses on the performance's construction processes by analyzing the interactions among worshippers/saints/owners of the visited houses. The starting point is the study of the Reisado in the black rural community called Mulungu (City of Boninal - Chapada Diamantina/Bahia developed through ethnographic research and connections between ritual/theater, traced by Jerzy Grotowski in the Theatre Anthropology field.

  13. Ocorrência de Platynosomum illiciens em felinos selvagens mantidos em cativeiro no estado da Bahia, Brasil Occurrence of Platynosomum illiciens in enclosured wild cats in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Letícia S. de Castro

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho relata a ocorrência de ovos de Platynosomum illiciens nas fezes de três espécies de felídeos silvestres Herpailurus yagouaroundi, Panthera onca e Leopardus tigrinus coletados nos recintos do Parque Zoobotânico Getúlio Vargas em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Sendo o primeiro registro deste parasito em P. onca e F. tigrinus.This paper reports the occurrence of eggs of Platynosomum illiciens, found in the feces of three species of wild cats Herpailurus yagouaroundi, Puma concolor and Leopardus tigrinus from material collected at the enclosures of the Park Zoobotânico Getúlio Vargas in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. It is the first record of this parasite in P. onca and L. tigrinus.

  14. Fauna Triatominae do Estado de Bahia, Brasil.V - Microtriatoma pratai sp. n. Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolboderini Triatomidae fauna of the State of Bahia, Brazil. V - Microtriatoma pratai sp. n. - Hemiptera,Reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolderini

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    Ítalo A. Sherlock

    1982-06-01

    Full Text Available Microtriatoma pratai sp. n. de Hemíptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolboderini, é descrita no presente trabalho com base em um exemplar coletado em domicílio da cidade do Salvador, Estado da Bahia, Brasil. A espécie se distingue facilmente das outras conhecidas do gênero, principalmente por apresentar asas sem manchas e conexivo com largas manchas claras e escuras alternadas.Microtriatoma pratai n. sp. (Hemíptera, reduviidae, Triatominae, Bolboderini is described from a single specimen collected inside a house in the city of Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil. This species is easily distinguished from the others belonging to the genus principally by the existence of alternating broad light and dark coloured spots on the connexivum and the absence of spots on the hemelytra.

  15. Geophysical exploration with transient electromagnetic soundings in three geothermal zones of Baja California, Mexico: Tres Virgenes, Puertecitos and Bahia Concepcion; Exploracion geofisica con sondeos electromagneticos transitorios en tres zonas geotermicas de Baja California, Mexico: Tres Virgenes, Puertecitos y Bahia Concepcion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores, Carlos; Vazquez, Rogelio; Gonzalez, Carlos A; Romo, Jose M; Velasco, Nector; Lopez, Addier [CICESE, Ensenada, B.C. (Mexico)

    1999-04-01

    The results obtained from transient electromagnetic soundings (TDEM) applied to three geothermal zones are briefly commented, emphasizing instead the out of contract work done by the Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), both in the application of other geophysical techniques and the subsequent data analysis. This work includes several VLF (very low frequency) electromagnetic profiles in Bahia Concepcion and a magnetotelluric profile in Puertecitos. Regarding the data analysis, an algorithm to assess stratified models was constructed and applied to several Bahia Concepcion soundings and to the TDEM and Schlumberger data from Tres Virgenes in order to compare the resolving powers of these methods. Finally an imaging procedure based on smoothness constraints is being applied nowadays to characterize the geometry of the electric conductors under the Tres Virgenes hot springs. [Spanish] Se comentan los resultados de la aplicacion del modo de sondeo electromagnetico transitorio (TDEM) en tres zonas geotermicas, dando enfasis al trabajo realizado fuera de contrato por el Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), tanto en la aplicacion de otras tecnicas geofisicas como en el analisis posterior de los datos. Estos trabajos comprenden el levantamiento de perfiles electromagneticos con el metodo VLF (very low frequency) en Bahia Concepcion y de un perfil magnetotelurico en Puertecitos. En relacion con analisis de los datos, se implemento un algoritmo de evaluacion de modelos estratificados, usandose en sondeos de Bahia Concepcion. Esta tecnica se aplico a los datos TDEM y Schlumberger de Tres Virgenes para comparar sus poderes de resolucion. Finalmente, un procedimiento de construccion de imagenes de resistividad, basado en condiciones de suavidad, se esta aplicando actualmente a los datos de Tres Virgenes para caracterizar la geometria de los conductores electricos bajo las manifestaciones

  16. Mnesarete mariana nova espécie de libélula da Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil (Odonata, Calopterygidae Mnesarete mariana new species of dragonfly from Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil (Odonata, Calopturycidae

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    Ângelo B.M Machado

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Mnesarete mariana sp.n. is described based on three male specimens collecled at Chapada Diamantina, in the Bahia State, Brazil. The new species is close to M. guttifera (Selys, 1873 but differs from it mainly by structure of the inferior anal appendages and by the presence of a tuft of hairs on each side of the hind part of the anterior lamina adjacent to the anterior hamuli. The appendages of M. guttifera are now illustrated for the first time.

  17. Comportamento do mamoeiro Sekati nas condições do oeste da Bahia Behavior of Sekati papaya under conditions of the Western Bahia

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    Osvaldo Kiyoshi Yamanishi

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se as características fenotípicas das plantas e físicas e químicas dos frutos da variedade Sekati e do híbrido Tainung 01 produzidos no oeste da Bahia na primavera e no verão. Nas plantas analisadas na primavera, houve diferença significativa entre a variedade Sekati e o híbrido Tainung 01 para as características: altura de planta, diâmetro do caule, n° de frutos, teor de clorofila e incidência de mancha fisiológica nos frutos, sendo obtidos maiores valores no híbrido Tainung 01. No verão, o comprimento da nervura central e o teor de clorofila não variaram entre as cultivares. A variedade Sekati não apresentou sintomas de mancha fisiológica nos frutos, nas épocas estudadas. Os frutos de 'Sekati' colhidos na primavera apresentaram maiores médias de peso (1.525g, firmeza (3,10kg/cm² e espessura de polpa (31,8cm, pH (5,65 e AT (0,124% ácido cítrico. A vida útil pós-colheita dos frutos das duas cultivares colhidos na primavera e mantidos sob temperatura ambiente foi menor que a dos frutos colhidos no verão; já nos frutos mantidos sob refrigeração, a vida útil foi maior na primavera. A variedade Sekati, apesar de ter apresentado menor quantidade de frutos, destacou-se por apresentar menor altura de planta, maior tolerância à mancha fisiológica dos frutos e valores médios próximos aos do híbrido Tainung 01 para a maioria das características físicas e químicas analisadas.The phenotypic characteristics of the plants and physical and chemical characteristics of fruits of Sekati variety and Tainung 01 hybrid grown under condition of the western Bahia during spring and summer, were evaluated. In the spring, Tainung 01 plants showed significant higher values compared to Sekati in the following characteristics: plant height, stem diameter, fruit number, chlorophyll content and incidence of skin freckles. In the summer, the length of leaf central vein and chlorophyll content did not differ among the genotypes

  18. Perfil antropométrico e consumo alimentar de adolescentes de Teixeira de Freitas - Bahia Anthropometric profile and food intake of adolescents in Teixeira de Freitas - Bahia, Brazil

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    Jailda Silva Santos

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil antropométrico e o consumo alimentar de adolescentes das escolas públicas de um município do Estado da Bahia. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal realizado com amostra aleatória por conglomerado de 354 alunos, dos 1.678 adolescentes de dezessete a dezenove anos matriculados nas 23 escolas elegíveis do município. Foram coletados dados sobre freqüência de consumo alimentar qualitativo e indicadores antropométricos, como o índice de massa corporal; pregas cutâneas triciptal e subescapular e o indicador altura/idade, segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde. Realizou-se análise bivariada e estratificada, sendo a significância estatística verificada pelo qui-quadrado e teste exato de Fischer, com nível crítico de 5%. RESULTADOS: A análise antropométrica evidenciou maior prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade (5,1% no sexo feminino e de magreza no masculino (6,4%; o déficit de crescimento foi observado em 25,0% dos adolescentes, sendo 15,0% de leve a moderado e 10,0% grave. Evidenciou-se também consumo habitual de arroz, feijão, farinha de mandioca, pão francês, manteiga, margarina, açúcar e café, sendo baixo o consumo de produtos lácteos, frutas, legumes e hortaliças; 96,6% dos adolescentes realizavam mais de três refeições diárias e mais de 80,0% alimentavam-se no domicílio. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados apontam a necessidade de implementação de estratégias de prevenção dos problemas nutricionais por meio de uma alimentação e um estilo de vida saudáveis, assim como de estudos sobre os possíveis fatores comprometedores do crescimento dos adolescentes.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe the anthropometric profile and food intake in adolescents from public schools in a municipality of Bahia, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional experimental design was employed with a random conglomerate sample of 354 adolescents, 17 to 19 years old, from a total of 1.678 students enrolled in 23

  19. [The legitimacy of representation in forums with social participation: the case of the Bahia State Health Council, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bispo Júnior, José Patrício; Gerschman, Sílvia

    2015-01-01

    The electoral representation model is insufficient and inadequate for new participatory roles such as those played by members of health councils. This article analyzes representation and representativeness in the Bahia State Health Council, Brazil. The study included interviews with 20 current or former members of the State Health Council, analysis of the council minutes and bylaws, and observation of plenary meetings. Discourse analysis technique was used to analyze interventions by members. The article discusses the results in four analytical lines: the process by which various organizations name representatives to the Council; the relationship between Council members and their constituencies; interest representation in the Council; and criteria used by the plenary to take positions. The study reveals various problems with the representativeness of the Bahia State Health Council and discusses the peculiarities of representation in social participation forums and the characteristics that give legitimacy to representatives.

  20. [The protagonist microbe: notes on the communication of bacteriology in the Gazeta Médica da Bahia journal, nineteenth century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malaquias, Anderson Gonçalves

    2016-01-01

    Germ theory, derived particularly from the work of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch, shook the foundations of medical knowledge in the second half of the nineteenth century and triggered a revolution in the "art of healing." The search for specific microbes for diseases guided the investigations of the researchers converted to the Pasteurian tenets. This paper aims to show what role the Gazeta Médica da Bahia journal played in spreading knowledge about bacteriology to the medical communities in Bahia and throughout Brazil. Some works and reflections by the newspaper's authors at the time are presented, as are some of the controversies that help depict the way germ theory was divulged in Brazil throughout the nineteenth century.

  1. Em tempo de crise : uma memória documental da sociedade dos artífices na Bahia oitocentista

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    Maria das Graças de Andrade Leal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The documents held by the Sociedade Montepio dos Artífices da Bahia (Mutual Society of BahiaCraftsmen, founded in 1832, represent a significant heritage value, as materials of memory for studies onmutualism and the social and cultural history of work. The Society’s minutes of 1852 will be analyzed in orderto better understand the processes of clashes between rival groups, representatives of traditional andemerging political forces within the Society, and the concern of the craftsmen with the style of writingadopted, which became a controversial motive of dispute. Since this is a context of internal political crisis,these minutes reveal an intentional preparation, here considered as documentary heritage transformed intoa monument for remembrance.

  2. THE URBAN GENESIS IN THE WEST OF BAHIA, BRAZIL: CLUSTERS AND THE TOWN’S NETWORK IN NINETEENTH CENTURY

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    Iann Dellano da Silva Santos

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analysis the process that defined the urban network’s spatial form in the west of Bahia, Brazil, in the past, demonstrating the function the center’s Barra, like a main center of commercial’s interchangeable in the region, from the colonial time. To understand the initial process of development any urban network, it’s necessary to verify elements like the genesis, geographic position, size and urban functions of the centers, beyond spatial interactions caused by these urban functions, like a interchangeable of the people, goods, capital and information, and urban network’s spatial form (CORRÊA, 2000. The discussion starts about the occupation on the left side of river São Francisco, in the state of Bahia, Brazil, occurred from second part sixteenth century (IBGE, 1958, and ends identifying the urban network genesis in the end nineteenth century (SANTOS FILHO, 1989.

  3. Uma nota sobre ilusionismos e alegorias na pintura barroca de Salvador da Bahia A Note on Illusionism and Allegory in the Baroque Painting of Salvador, Bahia

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    Luís de Moura Sobral

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As principais tendências da pintura no Brasil colonial podem ser estudadas na Catedral de Salvador, a igreja do antigo Colégio da Companhia de Jesus. Datando dos finais do século XVII, várias séries de quadros de qualidade diversa, compõem com as esculturas dos altares um soberbo e complexo bel composto de propaganda inaciana. Para decorar o forro da Biblioteca, por cima da sacristia, os Jesuítas encomendaram cerca de 1735-1736 uma monumental quadratura ao pintor português António Simões Ribeiro (?-1755. A pintura é estudada em função da tradição de decoração das bibliotecas durante a época moderna. Para além da quadratura, Simões Ribeiro introduziu na arte brasileira as figuras alegóricas, tornando-se assim o primeiro pintor brasileiro verdadeiramente barroco e o criador da chamada Escola Bahiana.The main trends of the painting in colonial Brazil can be studied in the Cathedral of Salvador, Bahia, the church of the former Jesuit College. Dating from the late 17th Century, several cycles of paintings on the walls and the ceiling of the sacristy, of varying quality, accomplish particular symbolic functions; in conjunction with the sculpture of the altars, they compose a complex bel composto of Jesuit propaganda. To decorate the ceiling of their Library, above the sacristy, the Jesuits commissioned around 1735-1736 a huge quadratura from the Portuguese born painter António Simões Ribeiro (?-1755. This painting is discussed within the tradition of Library decoration in the Modern period. Besides the quadratura, Simões Ribeiro introduced in the Brazilian art the allegorical figures and became the first full-Baroque painter in Brazil and the initiator of the so-called Bahian School.

  4. Surto de leishmaniose tegumentar americana em Canoa, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brasil An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Canoa, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

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    Ivonise Follador

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Em 1993, um surto leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA foi detectado no povoado rural de Canoa, município de Santo Amaro, Bahia. Um estudo observacional prospectivo delineou-se, com objetivo de determinar as taxas de freqüência e caracterizar clinicamente a doença. Foram acompanhados 555 indivíduos, registrando-se 29 casos de LTA, 11 casos sugestivos de LTA pregressa e 529 sadios. Desses 529 sadios, 65 apresentaram reação de Montenegro positiva sem qualquer evidência presente ou passada de doença. A prevalência de LTA no período de estudo foi de 5,2% (29/555. A leishmania envolvida foi caracterizada como Leishmania braziliensis e o vetor, Lutzomyia intermedia. Foram detectados cães e equídeos infectados por leishmania O acometimento de crianças menores de 10 anos, o acometimento igual entre os sexos e um componente de agregação familiar sugerem um padrão de transmissão peri ou intradomiciliar.An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL was detected in the village of Canoa in 1993. A prospective observational study was outlined to determine the frequency rates and to clinically characterize the disease. A total of 555 people were followed up. There were 29 cases of ACL, 11 cases of probably previous ACL (scars and 529 healthy individuals. Of these 529 individuals, 65 had a positive Montenegro reaction without any present or past evidence of leishmaniasis. The prevalence of ACL during the two years was 5.2% (29/555. The leishmania involved was Leishmania braziliensis and the vector, Lutzomyia intermedia. Evidence of infection was detected in dogs and horses. The high frequency of the disease among children under ten years, the similar sex distribution of cases and a component of familial aggregation suggest a peri- or intra-domiciliary transmission.

  5. Analysis of Cookiecutter shark Isistius spp. (Squaliformes; Dalatiidae) bites in cetaceans (Mammalia; Cetacea) on the Bahia coast, northeastern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudio L. S. Sampaio; Rodrigo Maia-Nogueira; José de Anchieta Cintra da Costa Nunes; Janete Gomes Abrão Oliveira; Luciano Raimundo Alardo Souto

    2007-01-01

    Few studies have registered signs of mutilation on cetaceans in Brazil, especially from shark attacks. This work describes interactions between cookiecutter sharks Isistius spp. and cetaceans through the analysis of bite records for cetacean carcasses washed ashore on the Bahia coast between 1996 and 2005. Twenty bite records were analyzed in 13 cetacean species, of which the Delphinidae family was the most frequent. After the analysis, Isistius plutodus was identified as the aggressor specie...

  6. INFESTAÇÃO DO MOLEQUE DA BANANEIRA EM VARIEDADES DE BANANEIRA, NA REGIÃO DE INHAMBUPE - BAHIA

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    Genésio Tâmara Ribeiro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available It was evaluated banana weevil infestation in six varieties of banana, in the region of Inhambupe - Bahia, using itself of traps of the type "cheese". The biggest level of infestation occurred in the variety Great Naine, that was statistical significant, with 972 captured insects, average of 7,59 insects/traps. The other varieties presented low index of infestation. With exception of Tap Maeo.

  7. Diversidade genética de Xylella fastidiosa em regiões produtoras de citros na Bahia

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    Vinicius Oliveira Casais

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar, por meio de marcadores SSR, a diversidade genética de Xylella fastidiosa no Estado da Bahia. Foram estudadas duas das principais regiões produtoras de citros no Estado, o Litoral Norte e o Recôncavo Sul. Para fins comparativos, utilizaram-se dez amostras provenientes do Estado de São Paulo. Foram empregados os seguintes iniciadores: ASSR20, OSSR9, OSSR17, CSSR4, CSSR12 e CSSR20, dos quais os quatro últimos permitiram identificar 22 loci polimórficos. As populações de X. fastidiosa presentes em citros no Estado da Bahia apresentam elevada diversidade genética, com base nos marcadores SSR, com pools gênicos distintos e agrupamento geográfico. No Litoral Norte, as populações do isolado apresentam maior diversidade genética do que as da região do Recôncavo Sul da Bahia.

  8. First survey of fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae and parasitoid diversity among myrtaceae fruit across the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Lidia Nogueira Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the diversity of fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae species that use myrtaceous fruit, particularly guava, as hosts in several localities in the state of Bahia and to determine the infestation rates, pupal viability rates, and fruit fly-parasitoid associations. Sampling of myrtaceous fruit was carried out in 24 municipalities in different regions in the state of Bahia. Four fruit fly species, Anastrepha fraterculus, Anastrepha zenildae, Anastrepha sororcula, and Ceratitis capitata were obtained from the collected fruit. Three parasitoid species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae emerged from Anastrepha larvae/pupae, Doryctobracon areolatus, Utetes anastrephae, and Asobara anastrephae. Doryctobracon areolatus emerged from A. fraterculus, A. sororcula and A. zenildae; Utetes anastrephae emerged from A. fraterculus and A. zenildae; and Asobara anastrephae emerged from A. fraterculus. Fruit fly and myrtaceous fruit associations are reported for the first time in several municipalities in the state of Bahia. A. zenildae was found infesting Syzygium malaccense for the first time in Brazil.

  9. Vegetative growth of Conilon coffee plants under two water conditions in the Atlantic region of Bahia State, Brazil

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    André Monzoli Covre

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Extreme temperatures and persistent water stress stand out among the main factors that restrict the vegetative growth and productivity of Coffea canephora. The objective of this study was to evaluate the vegetative growth of orthotropic and plagiotropic branches of C. canephora under non-irrigated and irrigated conditions, and their correlation with climatic factors in the Atlantic region of Bahia State, Brazil. The experiment was established with two treatments (non-irrigated and irrigated in a completely random design with 14 replicates. One orthotropic and four plagiotropic branches were labelled on each plant. During the two-year experimental period, the growth of these branches was evaluated at 14-day intervals. Two harvests were performed to obtain productivity data. In summary, it was confirmed that irrigation resulted in an increased productivity of Conilon coffee in the Atlantic region of Bahia, Brazil. The growth rate of the orthotropic and plagiotropic branches was higher in irrigated plants. The growth rate of the plagiotropic branches was limited by the fruit load capacity. The growth rate of C. canephora branches was not limited by the minimum average air temperature in the Atlantic region of Bahia, Brazil.

  10. Correlation between infection rate of triatominies and Chagas Disease in Southwest of Bahia, Brazil: a warning sign?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Eliezer A DA; Ribeiro, Israel S; Amorim, Miguel S; Rocha, Dalva V; Coutinho, Helder S; Freitas, Leandro M DE; Tomazi, Laize; Silva, Robson A A DA

    2016-01-01

    Chagas disease, caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi, has a wide distribution in South America, and its main method of control is the elimination of triatomines. It is presented here the geographic distribution and the rate of natural infection by T. cruzi of triatomines collected and evaluated from 2008 to 2013 in southwest of Bahia. Triatomines were captured in the intradomiciliary and peridomiciliary areas of five cities located in the southwest of Bahia state, identified, and analyzed for the presence of trypanosomatids in their feces. During the study period the number of patients suspected for acute Chagas disease was recovered from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). 8966 triatomines were captured and identified as belonging to eight species. Twenty-six presented themselves infected, being Triatoma sordida the most abundant and with the highest percentage of infection by T. cruzi. Tremedal was the city with the highest number of cases of acute Chagas' disease reported to SINAN. All cities showed triatomines infected with T. cruzi, so there is considerable risk of vectorial transmission of Chagas disease in the southwestern Bahia state, evidencing the need for vector transmission control programs and preventive surveillance measures.

  11. Novos registros do táxon Cestrum L. (Solanaceae para o Estado da Bahia-Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i1.1357 New occurrences of the Genus Cestrum L. (Solanaceae taxon for the state of Bahia-Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i1.1357

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    Silvana do Nascimento Silva

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Trabalho objetivou realizar um levantamento das espécies de Cestrum para o sul da Bahia. Foram feitas coletas assistemáticas mensais no sul da Bahia na floresta higrófila. O material coletado foi identificado, descrito e ilustrado da maneira convencional utilizado em estudos taxonômicos. Foram encontradas as seguintes espécies: Cestrum lanceolatum Schott. Ex Sendtn, C. megalophyllum Dunal, C. parqui L’Her e C. schlectendahlii G. DonThe objective of this study was to carry out a survey of the Cestrum species for southern Bahia. Systematic monthly collections of Cestrum were made in areas of southern Bahia Atlantic moist forest. The collected material was identified, described, and illustrated employing conventional methodology for botanical systematics. The following specimens were collected and identified in this Cestrum lanceolatum Schott. Ex Sendtn, C. megalophyllum Dunal, C. parqui L’Her, and C. schlectendahlii G. Don

  12. A zooterapia popular no Estado da Bahia: registro de novas espécies animais utilizadas como recursos medicinais The popular zootherapy in Bahia state: registration of new animal species used as medicinal resources

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    Eraldo Medeiros Costa Neto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o uso de animais como recursos medicinais no Estado da Bahia, nordeste brasileiro. Os dados resultam de uma avaliação processual de desempenho acadêmico, uma vez que se tratou de um exercício requerido pelo professor da disciplina Etnobiologia (semestre 2007.2 aos estudantes do curso de Formação de Professores do Estado da Bahia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, quando lhes foi solicitado que fizessem um breve registro, em suas respectivas cidades, sobre o uso de animais medicinais. Participaram 41 estudantes, provenientes de 21 cidades do interior do estado. Foram registrados 95 animais (nomes comuns, dos quais dezessete são novos acréscimos à lista de animais medicinais anteriormente publicada. O registro da utilização medicinal de animais no Estado da Bahia fornece uma contribuição relevante ao fenômeno da zooterapia, abrindo espaço para debates sobre biologia da conservação, políticas de saúde pública, manejo sustentável dos recursos naturais, prospecção biológica e patente. Necessita-se desenvolver mais estudos etnozoológicos tanto para compreender a importância real da zooterapia para as comunidades tradicionais, quanto para desenvolver estratégias de manejo e uso sustentáveis das espécies animais, especialmente daquelas em risco de extinção.This article deals with the use of animals as medicinal resources in Bahia state, Northeastern Brazil. The data come from a processional evaluation of academic performance, since it was an exercise requested by the professor of the discipline Ethnobiology (2007.2 semester to the students of the course Bahia State Teachers' Undergraduation of Feira de Santana State University. They were asked to make a brief survey, in their respective cities, on the use of animals as medicines. Forty-one students, from 21 cities of the country of Bahia State, have participated with data. A total of 95 animals (common names were recorded, from which 17 are

  13. A preliminary evaluation of shallow-water rhodolith beds in Bahia Magdalena, Mexico

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    Enrique Ávila

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to describe the structure of shallow-water rhodolith beds from Bahia Magdalena, one of the most productive estuarine systems of the Mexican Pacific coasts. From September 2008 to May 2009 four rhodolith beds were found (between 1 and 3 m depth and population descriptors such as rhodolith density, size classes, branch density, volume and weight were determined. The dominant rhodolith forming species was Lithophyllum margaritae. The size of beds ranged from 7,600 to 17,800 m2 approximately with densities from 42.2 to 215.9 ind.m-2. In these beds, L. margaritae shows fruticose and foliose growth forms, from which spherical forms were predominant (81-99%. Branch density (from 3.0 to 13.3 branches.cm-2 varied significantly (p O objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever a estrutura de bancos de rodolitos de áreas rasas da Bahia Magdalena, um dos sistemas estuarinos mais produtivos da costa pacífica mexicana. Quatro bancos de rodolitos situados entre 1 e 3m de profundidade foram avaliados em relação a densidade, classes de tamanho, densidade dos ramos, volume e peso no período de setembro de 2008 a maio de 2009. A espécie dominante no local foi Lithophyllum margaritae. O tamanho dos bancos variou de 7,600 a 17,800 m² aproximadamente, com densidades de 42.2-215.9 ind.m-2 . Foram observadas formas de crescimento fruticosa e folhosa em L. margaritae, sendo a forma esférica predominante (81-99%. A densidade dos ramos (3.0-13.3 ramos.cm-2 variou significativamente (p < 0.05 entre os bancos. O volume médio (2.0-400 ml e o peso úmido (32.4-84.8 g não tiveram diferenças significativas entre os locais, mas uma correlação positiva significativa (r = 0.95, p < 0.05 foi encontrada entre os parâmetros. O tamanho das plantas variou de 2.0 a 11.5 centímetros predominando o padrão entre 40.1-60 mm. As diferenças na densidade de rodolitos, densidade dos ramos e a esfericidade foram atribuídas às condições hidrodin

  14. INDICADORES DE INPUT DO MUNICÍPIO DE VITÓRIA DA CONQUISTA, BAHIA

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    Celeste Dias Amorim

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Há trinta anos foi implantada a primeira instituição de ensino superior (IES na cidade de Vitória da Conquista, chamada Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB. Contudo, nessa última década observa-se a sua ascensão e um intenso processo de criação de diversas outras instituições, tanto privadas como também públicas, aumentando grandemente a oferta de vagas para educação superior no referido município. O presente texto pretende analisar os indicadores de input que contribuam para o desenvolvimento do município de Vitória da Conquista, primordialmente nos aspectos sociais, econômicos, educacionais, ambientais e de saúde, enquanto município polarizador educacional da região Sudoeste da Bahia. Foram tomadas como referencial basilar as informações fornecidas por órgãos locais, como: agência do IBGE, relatórios das instituições educacionais privadas e públicas de ensino superior, bem como obras de autores regionais. Para tanto, foi necessário um recorte temporal analítico, tomando como base a primeira década de século XXI. O estudo do desenvolvimento de Vitória da Conquista em diversos segmentos demonstra que os dados apontados pelos indicadores de input (recursos humanos IDH, PIB, IES utilizados estão intimamente relacionados ao sistema de educação desenvolvido na região, além de fornecerem importantes pontos de referência no planejamento de investimentos para o presente e para o futuro, bem como da importância da transferência da ciência para tecnologia de forma a não perder de vista como este afeta e é afetado pelo estilo de desenvolvimento proposto.

  15. Prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns em industriários da Bahia

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    Ilva Santana Santos Fonseca

    Full Text Available Introdução:há poucos estudos relacionando transtornos mentais comuns e trabalhadores da indústria.Objetivo:estimar a prevalência dos transtornos mentais comuns (TMC entre os industriários da Bahia e verificar a sua associação com a ocupação.Métodos:estudo transversal, envolvendo 41.639 trabalhadores de empresas cadastradas na Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS e no Sistema de Gerenciamento de Risco à Saúde na Indústria, do Serviço Social da Indústria (SESI. Para mensurar os TMC usou-se o General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ12 e para análise dos grupos ocupacionais (GG, a Classificação Brasileira de Ocupações (CBO.Resultados:a prevalência de TMC na população foi de 11,6%. A associação dos TMC com os GG mostrou maior prevalência no GG4-trabalhadores de serviços administrativos (13,2%; RP=1,3; p<0,05. Após o ajuste pelas co-variáveis, os grupos GG1-dirigentes do poder público e de empresas (RP=2,4, p=0,00 e GG2-profissionais das ciências e das artes (RP=2,3, p=0,0 apresentaram as maiores prevalências em relação ao grupo de referência (GG3-técnicos de nível médio.Conclusão:o estudo permitiu traçar a distribuição dos TMC entre as ocupações dos industriários da Bahia, gerando informações que podem subsidiar a análise de variáveis sobre condições e organização do trabalho e a criação de estratégias que contribuam para a saúde mental dessa população.

  16. Distribuição espacial da mortalidade por tuberculose em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Spatial distribution of tuberculosis mortality in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Fábio Frias Mota

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de descrever a distribuição espacial da mortalidade por tuberculose em Salvador nos anos de 1991, 1994 e 1997, foi realizado um estudo ecológico, descritivo, tendo como unidade de análise o Distrito Sanitário (DS. Foram calculados os coeficientes padronizados de mortalidade por tuberculose e a mortalidade proporcional por tuberculose, em relação ao conjunto das doenças infecciosas e parasitárias, utilizando-se as declarações de óbitos como fonte de dados. O DS com os maiores coeficientes padronizados foi o Subúrbio Ferroviário, com taxas de 15,7, 10,6 e 10,6/100 mil habitantes, em 1991, 1994 e 1997, respectivamente. Em 1997, foram observadas as menores taxas padronizadas. A mortalidade proporcional por tuberculose em Salvador, nos anos de 1991, 1994 e 1997, representou 20,7%, 18,2 % e 16,9%, respectivamente, do total das mortes por doenças infecciosas e parasitárias. A faixa etária de maior risco, nos anos estudados, foi aquela acima de 65 anos. Os autores discutem as possibilidades de utilização dos resultados deste estudo para a implementação de políticas locais de saúde equânimes e desenvolvimento de operações de vigilância da saúde, tendo em vista a identificação de DS com maior risco de óbito e as faixas etárias mais acometidas.An ecological study was conducted to describe the urban spatial distribution of mortality attributable to tuberculosis in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil in 1991, 1994, and 1997. The unit of analysis was the Health District (HD. The HD with the highest standardized rates was Subúrbio Ferroviário in 1991, 1994, and 1997, with 15.7, 10.6, and 10.6/100.000 inhabitants, respectively. Inequalities in mortality between HDs were high. The year 1997 showed the lowest standardized rates. The proportional mortality ratios for tuberculosis when compared with total deaths from infectious diseases were 20.7%, 18.2%, and 16.9% for 1991, 1994, and 1997 respectively. The highest rates were

  17. Carbon Storage in Soil Size Fractions Under Two Cacao Agroforestry Systems in Bahia, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gama-Rodrigues, Emanuela F.; Ramachandran Nair, P. K.; Nair, Vimala D.; Gama-Rodrigues, Antonio C.; Baligar, Virupax C.; Machado, Regina C. R.

    2010-02-01

    Shaded perennial agroforestry systems contain relatively high quantities of soil carbon (C) resulting from continuous deposition of plant residues; however, the extent to which the C is sequestered in soil will depend on the extent of physical protection of soil organic C (SOC). The main objective of this study was to characterize SOC storage in relation to soil fraction-size classes in cacao ( Theobroma cacao L.) agroforestry systems (AFSs). Two shaded cacao systems and an adjacent natural forest in reddish-yellow Oxisols in Bahia, Brazil were selected. Soil samples were collected from four depth classes to 1 m depth and separated by wet-sieving into three fraction-size classes (>250 μm, 250-53 μm, and cacao AFSs, the C contained in the macroaggregate fraction might become stabilized in the soil. The study shows the role of cacao AFSs in mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emission through accumulation and retention of high amounts of organic C in the soils and suggests the potential benefit of this environmental service to the nearly 6 million cacao farmers worldwide.

  18. [Use of health services by quilombo communities in southwest Bahia State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Karine de Oliveira; Reis, Edna Afonso; Guimarães, Mark Drew Crosland; Cherchiglia, Mariângela Leal

    2013-09-01

    Use of health services is increasing in Brazil as a whole, but geographic and social inequalities persist, especially among minority groups. The aim of this study was to analyze the use of health services by members of quilombos (slavedescendant African-Brazilian communities) in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia State, Brazil. This cross-sectional health survey in 2011 focused on 797 adults (≥ 18 years old) belonging to quilombos. The magnitude of the associations between explanatory variables and use of services was estimated by the prevalence ratio obtained from Poisson regression with 95% confidence interval. Of the total sample, 455 (57.1%) reported having used health services in the 12 months prior to the interview. Higher rates of health services utilization were associated with female gender, non-single conjugal status, fair, poor, or very poor self-rated health, enrolment in the Family Health Program, and referral to a health facility for regular or on-going care. The results showed underutilization of health services by members of quilombos, thus demonstrating the need to improve health services provision for this population group.

  19. New species of beaked toad, Rhinella (Anura: Bufonidae, from the State of Bahia, Brazil

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    Ulisses Caramaschi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A new species of beaked toad, Rhinella, is described from Itacaré (14°17'S, 38°60'W; 13 m altitude, State of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Rhinella skuki sp. nov. is related to R. boulengeri and distinguished by the size small (SVL 26.2 mm in male; head longer than wide; snout, viewed from above, long, narrow, spatulate, with lateral borders parallel and rounded tip; in profile, long, strongly acute; parotoid glands large, rounded; tympanum concealed; dorsum rugose, with rounded tubercles uniformly distributed; vocal sac and vocal slits absent; fingers slender, not webbed nor ridged; first finger hypertrophied, with a rounded nuptial pad on the inner surface; toes slender, slightly fringed; webbing absent; ground color of dorsal surfaces dark brownish gray with an interorbital bar and dorsolateral blotches clear brownish gray, leaving an apparent pattern of arrows on dorsum; venter and ventral surfaces of arms and thighs cream with diffuse gray stains and dots; gular region and chest dark brownish gray.

  20. FACTORS INTERFERING WITH THE ADHERENCE OF PEOPLE WITH AIDS TO ANTIRETROVIRALS, JEQUIÉ, BAHIA, BRASIL

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    Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Proper adherence to antiretroviral therapy is essential for improving the quality of life and decreased mortality due to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS. Our objective was to analyze adherence to antiretroviral therapy of patients with HIV/AIDS living in the area covered by the 13th Regional Health Board (DIRES, whose seat is the city of Jequié – Bahia. It is an exploratory study with quantitative approach and the study setting was the city of Jequié. 34 patients with HIV/AIDS, of both sexes, registered in the center of reference and attended it regularly were informants of the study. Data were collected through a form with the information obtained processed with Microsoft Excel. The age of the respondents ranged from 24 to 60 years old. Most had low education, low income and were adept to Catholic religion. The time of diagnosis was 1 to 4 years. Concern in ensuring the confidentiality of HIV status was identified. We conclude it to be relevant promoting health education activities for treatment adherence, building and maintaining membership groups to discuss issues related to pathology and the legal aspects involved in the daily lives of patients living with HIV/AIDS.

  1. [Work in health: sanitary surveillance of drugstores in Salvador (state of Bahia, Brazil)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Augusto Amorim; Costa, Ediná Alves; de Castro, Lia Lusitana Cardozo

    2011-05-01

    A drugstore is an establishment of interest in health, from which medication is dispensed, namely the therapeutic technology most broadly used in the practice of medicine. The scope of this study is to describe and analyze the sanitary surveillance of drugstores. Based on the theory of working processes in healthcare, a case study was conducted on the sanitary surveillance of drugstores in Salvador (Bahia, Brazil), examining 2 analytical categories: agents and activities. Data were collected through observation, analysis of documents and interviews, and QSR N Vivo software was used for data processing. Personnel of the surveillance service were found to have varied professional and educational backgrounds, with limited experience in the sanitary surveillance of drugstores, and insufficient technical training for the performance of the tasks assigned. Deficiencies of a managerial nature were detected in the service. Its operation is primarily focused on granting drugstore licenses, prioritizing attendance to spontaneous demand, thereby configuring a technological model of intervention based on sanitary inspection. The findings revealed a need for updating the service and the adoption of technologies to enhance control of risk, given that technological evolution provides drugs that are increasingly more potent, with a concomitant rise in levels risk.

  2. MICROBIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF DAIRY PRODUCTS COMMERCIALIZED IN VITÓRIA DA CONQUISTA - BAHIA

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    Bianca Cabral Pinto da Fonseca

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify the microbiological quality and prevalence of Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes in pasteurized milk, cheese and butter. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in the city of da Conquista, Bahia Vitoria, whose samples were randomly selected in open market without inspection record in a dairy region and county supermarkets with state inspection record and federal. The samples were collected between the period May-August 2015 were determined physicochemical parameters temperature and acidity and performed microbiological testing for E. coli, Salmonella spp. and L. monocytogenes. A total of 42 samples was evaluated. The amounts recorded temperature and acidity of all samples were found above permitted by law. Microbiological analysis showed that 54.8% (23/42 of the samples showed up unfit for human consumption and were classified as "unacceptable". It was not detected the presence of pathogenic micro-organisms L. monocytogenes and Salmonella in any of the samples. 14.3% of the samples was found the presence of E. coli (curd cheese, butter and fresh cheese. The results of this work show critical hygienic conditions in milk and related products that can endanger the health of consumers. Good Manufacturing and Handling Practices play a key role in the quality of these products is ensured. Thus, the continuing education for producers and handlers milk products is necessary

  3. [Evaluation of the capability of decentralized management of epidemiological surveillance in the state of Bahia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Silvone Santa Bárbara da Silva; Melo, Cristina Maria Meira de; Costa, Heloniza Oliveira Gonçalves; Tanaka, Oswaldo Yoshimi; Ramos, Fernanda Mota; Santana, Mário César Carneiro de; Trindade, Bianca Gonzaga

    2012-04-01

    Evaluative research into the capability of decentralized management of epidemiological vigilance (EV) was conducted in the operational, organizational and sustainable dimensions in the state of Bahia, Brazil. The quantitative approach was used in the construction of a baseline, with primary data obtained through an online questionnaire answered by thirty-eight municipal EV managers. In the qualitative approach to analyze the context and assess the management capability of municipalities in two case studies, techniques adapted to the analysis of discursive practices were used. This was done through semi-structured interviews with managers of regional and municipal government, health workers and representatives of the municipal health council. The case studies showed that the municipality with enhanced management capability is that in which the manager has the greatest potential of using the resources of his position, in addition to his ability to control, negotiate and coordinate with other actors. Due to decentralization of EV, considering the shared nature of management between the three spheres of government, there is a marked variation in the management capability of municipalities, determined by social, economic, political inequalities and management mechanisms adopted.

  4. Floristics and structure of a stretch of riparian forest in Carinhanha river, Feira da Mata, Bahia

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    Francisco Sanches Gomes

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to contribute to understanding the floristic composition and vegetation structure of a stretch of riparian forest on the banks of Carinhanha river, belonging to the São Francisco river basin, in a fragment of Cerrado sensu lato, in Feira da Mata, Bahia, Brazil. Four equidistant 50 m transects were placed, as well as twelve 10 m x 25 m plots, distributed among transects, totaling 3,000 m² (0.3 ha. All live and dead individuals with DBH ≥ 5 cm were sampled. In the floristic survey, a total of 105 species, 87 genera, and 42 families were sampled. In the phytosociological study, a total of 217 individuals distributed into 54 species, 49 genera, and 29 families were registered. The family having the greatest species richness was Fabaceae, which included 24.07% of all species sampled. The species Oxandra reticulata Maas showed the greatest importance value. The density was 723 individuals.ha-1 and the basal area was 14.52 m².ha-1. Shannon-Wiener’s diversity index (H` was 3.62. Sørensen’s index (Sø showed low similarity with to other riparian fragments. We concluded that the area under study shares species with other Cerrado physiognomies and it has species from Caatinga, something which confirms the heterogeneity of this formation.

  5. Flora and phytosociology of an area of Restinga along the northern Coast of Bahia, Brazil

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    Christiano Marcelino Menezes

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Areas of restinga are geologically recent environments. The species that inhabit this type of ecosystem are typical of adjacent areas, such as rain forest, tabuleiro forest and caatinga, and form a diverse community of trees, shrubs and erect and prostrate herbs. The goal of this work was to evaluate the vegetation in an area of restinga located along Praia do Forte, in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Four 200m transects where made within five plots of 100m2 each, and 1,640 individuals within 68 species were collected. High species diversity was found in transects 1 and 2 (H´ = 3.882 and 3 and 4 (H´ = 3.835. The most representative families were Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae and Malpighiaceae. Based on the species composition, a significant difference (p < 0.001 was found between the sampled areas, and the findings show that there are two distinct plant communities in this region, Mata deRestinga and Restinga em Moitas.

  6. Neurological aspects of HTLV-1 infection in Bahia: results from an 8-year cohort

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    Davi Tanajura

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available HTLV-1 is the causal agent of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP, a disease observed in up to 5% of individuals infected with HTLV-1. However, infected individuals without the disease can present neurological complaints relating to sensory, motor or urinary manifestations. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of neurological manifestations among patients with HTLV-1. Method HTLV-1 patients in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, were enrolled into a cohort study. Results Among 414 subjects, 76 had definite and 87 had possible or probable HAM/TSP at the baseline, whereas 251 subjects had no neurological signs or symptoms. Definite HAM/TSP developed in 5 patients (1.74%. The asymptomatic subjects were selected for analysis. The incidence rate expressed per 1,000 persons-year was calculated. It was 206 for hand numbness, 129 for nocturia and 126 for urinary urgency. In the neurological examination, leg hyperreflexia presented an average incidence rate of 76; leg paraparesis, 52; and Babinski sign, 36. Kaplan-Meyer curves categorized according to gender and proviral load showed that females and patients with proviral load of more than 100,000 copies per 106 peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs presented higher risk. Conclusion Development of neurological symptoms or signs occurred in up to 30% of asymptomatic subjects during 8 years of follow-up. Female gender and high proviral load were risk factors for neurological disease.

  7. Application of PCR in serum samples for diagnosis of paracoccidioidomycosis in the southern Bahia-Brazil.

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    Dias, Lucas; de Carvalho, Leila Falcão; Romano, Carla C

    2012-01-01

    Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) cannot always be diagnosed by conventional means such as direct examination of histopathology or clinical samples, and serological methods, used as an alternative, still have many cases of cross-reactivity. In this scenario, molecular techniques seem to arise as a rapid approach, specific and direct that could be used in the diagnosis of this mycosis. In this study we analyzed 76 serum samples from patients in southern Bahia suspected of having paracoccidioidomycosis using a conventional PCR with primers for the ITS1 ribosomal DNA of P. brasiliensis. Of these 76 patients, 5 were positive for PCM by double immunodiffusion and/or direct examination and histopathology. To test specificity of PCR, we used human DNA and three isolates of P. lutzii (1578, 01 and ED01). Additionally, we analyzed by serial dilutions of DNA the limit of detection of the assay. The test of PCR proved specific, as only a 144 bp fragment of the three isolates of P. lutzii and no human DNA was amplified. Detection limit was 1.1 pg/µL of DNA. Despite the high detection limit and specificity of PCR none of the 76 serum samples were found positive by PCR, but a biopsy specimen obtained from one of the patients with PCM was positive. These results, albeit limited, show that PCR is not effective in detecting DNA of P. brasiliensis or P. lutzii in serum, but could perhaps be used with other types of clinical samples, especially in those instances in which conventional methods fail.

  8. Perfil epidemiológico dos afogamentos em praias de Salvador, Bahia, 2012

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    Arnildo De Santana Só Segundo

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: descrever o perfil epidemiológico e a frequência dos afogamentos em praias do município de Salvador, estado da Bahia, Brasil, cobertas pela Coordenadoria de Salvamento Marítimo de Salvador (Salvamar, em 2012. MÉTODOS: foram descritos os dados obtidos do banco de informações sobre as vitimas atendidas pelo Salvamar. RESULTADOS: foram registrados 733 afogamentos; houve predomínio do sexo masculino (65,5%, adolescentes (40,8%, estudantes (67,7% e moradores de Salvador (69,4%; a idade média das vitimas era de 22,2 anos; quase todos os afogamentos foram não fatais (98,9%, a maioria deles aconteceu entre 10 e 16 horas (89,5% e os meses com maior ocorrência foram janeiro (20,9% e fevereiro (16,4%. CONCLUSÃO: predominaram, entre as vítimas, homens, jovens e estudantes, e os afogamentos não fatais; as ocorrências foram registradas, principalmente, nos meses do verão; as ações de prevenção a afogamentos deveriam focar os subgrupos identificados como mais vulneráveis.

  9. Inquérito com paracoccidioidina em uma população da Bahia (Brasil

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    Jacy Amaral F. de Andrade

    1984-02-01

    Full Text Available No Município de Una, localizado ao Sul do Estado da Bahia, em área com registro freqüente de casos de leishmaniose tegumentar, foram estudados 177 indivíduos, na faixa etária entre três meses e 73 anos, através de provas intradérmicas com paracoccidioidina (antígeno péptido-polissacarídico do Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Positividade foi obtida em dez indivíduos (5,6%. Somente foi considerada positiva a reação que apresentava enduração igual ou maior que 5 mm. Em nenhum dos casos positivos à paracoccidioidina havia evidência clínica de lesões blastomicóticas. Com os soros dos indivíduos positivos à paracoccidioidina, foram realizadas provas de imunodifusão dupla e contraimunoeletroforese, com resultados negativos para anticorpos circulantes anti-P. brasiliensis. Este dado indica que, em nenhum dos reatores à paracoccidioidina, havia processo infeccioso em atividade. O percentual de positividade obtido com a paracoccidioidina, em que pesem eventuais reações cruzadas com histoplasmose, sugere a ocorrência da paracoccidioidomicose na área estudada.

  10. Thecamoebians: occurrence and distribution in Iguape Bay/BTS – Bahia, Brazil

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    Cláudia Ferreira da Cruz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The Iguape Bay (12º00’ – 13º00’S and 38º30’ – 39º30’ is an estuary located at the mouth of the Paraguaçu River, inside Todos os Santos Bay (BTS, in Bahia, Brazil. It is 30km downstream from the Pedra do Cavalo Dam, which is the second largest dam in Brazil. The water in Iguape Bay is influenced by ocean tides originating from the BTS and the discharge of the Paraguaçu River. The effects of the currents as well as the variation in the outflow from the Pedra do Cavalo Dam have intensified the natural stress of this paralic environment. The main goal of this study was to investigate the distribution of Thecamoeba species present in the bottom sediments of Iguape Bay, in order to produce data that can be used to interpret the processes operating in this ecologically complex environment. The density of the living and dead species of Thecamoeba was determined by the volume of sediment collected, and the diversity index, constancy, evenness and richness of Thecamoeba were calculated. Sedimentological analyses were also performed in order to classify sediment types in the selected profiles.

  11. Effects of the artificial sweetener sucralose on Daphnia magna and Americamysis bahia survival, growth and reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggett, D B; Stoddard, K I

    2011-10-01

    The artificial sweetener sucralose has been detected in municipal wastewater effluent and surface waters at concentrations ranging from ng/L to low μg/L. Few chronic ecotoxicological data are available in the peer reviewed literature with respect to sucralose. To address this data gap, 21 d Daphnia magna and 28 d Americamysis bahia (mysid shrimp) studies were conducted to assess the effects of sucralose on the survival, growth and reproduction of these organisms. Concentrations ⩽1800mg/L resulted in no statistically significant reduction in D. magna survival or reproduction. Survival, growth and reproduction of mysid shrimp were unaffected by ⩽93mg/L sucralose. The no observable effect concentration (NOEC) and lowest observable effect concentration (LOEC) for the D. magna study were 1800 and >1800mg/L, respectively. The NOEC and LOEC for the mysid study were 93 and >93mg/L, respectively. Collectively, these data suggest that the concentrations of sucralose detected in the environment are well below those required to elicit chronic effects in freshwater or marine invertebrates. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Prevalence of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in children with diarrhea in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Marcia Regina Franzolin

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available We report the frequency of the different diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC categories isolated from children with acute endemic diarrhea in Salvador, Bahia. The E. coli isolates were investigated by colony blot hibridization whit the following genes probes: eae, EAF, bfpA, Stx1, Stx2, ST-Ih, ST-Ip, LT-I, LT-II, INV, and EAEC, as virulence markers to distinguish typical and atypical EPEC, EHEC/STEC, ETEC, EIEC, and EAEC. Seven of the eight categories of DEC were detected. The most frequently isolated was atypical EPEC (10.1% followed by ETEC (7.5%, and EAEC (4.2%. EHEC, STEC, EIEC, and typical EPEC were each detected once. The strains of ETEC, EAEC, and atypical EPEC belonged to a wide variety of serotypes. The serotypes of the others categories were O26:H11 (EHEC, O21:H21 (STEC, O142:H34 (typical EPEC, and O?H55 (EIEC. We also present the clinical manifestations and other pathogenic species observed in children with DEC. This is the first report of EHEC and STEC in Salvador, and one of the first in Brazil.

  13. Detection of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli from children with and without diarrhea in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Vanessa Bueris

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available We identified different diarrheagenic (DEC Escherichia coli pathotypes isolated from 1,207 children with and without acute endemic diarrhea in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil collected as part of a case-control study. Since the identification of DEC cannot be based on only biochemical and culture criteria, we used a multiplex polymerase chain reaction developed by combining five specific primer pairs for Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli/ Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (STEC/EHEC, Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC and Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC to detect these pathotypes simultaneously in a single-step reaction. In order to distinguish typical and atypical EPEC strains, these were tested for the presence of EAF plasmid. The prevalence of diarrheagenic E. coli in this sample of a global case-control study was 25.4% (259 patients and 18.7% (35 patients in the diarrhea group (1,020 patients and the control group (187 patients, respectively. The most frequently isolated pathotype was EAEC (10.7%, followed by atypical EPEC (9.4%, ETEC (3.7%, and STEC (0.6%. Typical EPEC was detected only in one sample. The prevalence of the pathotypes studied in children with diarrhea was not significantly different from that in children without diarrhea.

  14. Karyotype composition of some rodents and marsupials from Chapada Diamantina (Bahia, Brasil

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    LG. Pereira

    Full Text Available The Chapada Diamantina (CD is located in Bahia State, between 11-14° S and 41-43° W, being part of the Serra do Espinhaço. The occurrence of different habitats and transition areas permits an interesting mammal fauna composition, with species from different biomes living in sympatry. Species of Didelphimorphia and Rodentia are important members of mammal communities in almost all different habitats, and morphological and cytogenetic characters are important for a correct identification of most of these species. In this work 258 specimens of small mammals from the orders Didelphimorphia (six genera and six species and Rodentia (two families, five Sigmodontinae tribes, nine genera and 11 species were collected during the whole field work (44 nights with traps. Chromosome preparations were obtained from 145 specimens from the species: Marmosops incanus, Gracilinanus microtarsus, Monodelphis domestica, Akodon aff. cursor, Necromys lasiurus, Cerradomys sp., Oligoryzomys fornesi, O. nigripes, O. rupestris, Calomys expulsus, Rhipidomys macrurus, Wiedomys pyrrhorhinus and Thrichomys inermis. Didelphis albiventris, Micoureus demerarae, Thylamys karymii and Nectomys sp. were identified by morphological characters. Most analyzed specimens do not show karyotype variation. However, numerical chromosomic variation was found in two individuals of Akodon aff. cursor (2n = 15 and in one individual of Cerradomys sp. (2n = 51. Structural variation in karyotype was observed in seven individuals of Cerradomys sp., showing one additional pair of metacentric chromosomes.

  15. Karyotype composition of some rodents and marsupials from Chapada Diamantina (Bahia, Brasil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, L G; Geise, L

    2007-08-01

    The Chapada Diamantina (CD) is located in Bahia State, between 11-14 degrees S and 41-43 degrees W, being part of the Serra do Espinhaço. The occurrence of different habitats and transition areas permits an interesting mammal fauna composition, with species from different biomes living in sympatry. Species of Didelphimorphia and Rodentia are important members of mammal communities in almost all different habitats, and morphological and cytogenetic characters are important for a correct identification of most of these species. In this work 258 specimens of small mammals from the orders Didelphimorphia (six genera and six species) and Rodentia (two families, five Sigmodontinae tribes, nine genera and 11 species) were collected during the whole field work (44 nights with traps). Chromosome preparations were obtained from 145 specimens from the species: Marmosops incanus, Gracilinanus microtarsus, Monodelphis domestica, Akodon aff. cursor, Necromys lasiurus, Cerradomys sp., Oligoryzomys fornesi, O. nigripes, O. rupestris, Calomys expulsus, Rhipidomys macrurus, Wiedomys pyrrhorhinus and Thrichomys inermis. Didelphis albiventris, Micoureus demerarae, Thylamys karymii and Nectomys sp. were identified by morphological characters. Most analyzed specimens do not show karyotype variation. However, numerical chromosomic variation was found in two individuals of Akodon aff. cursor (2n = 15) and in one individual of Cerradomys sp. (2n = 51). Structural variation in karyotype was observed in seven individuals of Cerradomys sp., showing one additional pair of metacentric chromosomes.

  16. Social inequalities and the rise in violent deaths in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil: 2000-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viana, Luiz Antonio Chaves; Costa, Maria da Conceição Nascimento; Paim, Jairnilson Silva; Vieira-da-Silva, Ligia Maria

    2011-01-01

    An ecological study was carried out using information zones as units of analysis in order to assess the evolution of socio-spatial inequalities in mortality due to external causes and homicides in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil, in 2000 and 2006. The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística--IBGE) and the City Health Department (Secretaria Municipal de Saúde) provided the data sources, and causes of death were reviewed and reclassified based on reports from the Institute of Legal Medicine (Instituto Médico Legal). The information zones were classified into four social strata according to income and schooling. The ratio between mortality rates (inequality ratio) was calculated and confirmed a rise of 98.5% in the homicide rate. In 2000, the risk of death due to external causes and murders in the stratum with the worst living conditions was respectively 1.40 and 1.94 times greater than in the reference stratum. In 2006 these figures were 2.02 and 2.24. The authors discuss the implications for inter-sectoral public policies, based on evidence from the study's findings.

  17. Prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns em trabalhadores de enfermagem em um hospital da Bahia

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    Eder Pereira Rodrigues

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, objetivou-se descrever a prevalência de "suspeitos" de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC em trabalhadores de enfermagem em um hospital geral, no estado da Bahia. Realizou-se um estudo epidemiológico, de corte transversal, com 309 profissionais de enfermagem, que trabalhavam em atividades assistenciais em um hospital de grande porte. Os profissionais de enfermagem referiram sobrecarga de trabalho e baixa remuneração. As queixas de saúde mais frequentes estavam relacionadas à postura corporal e a saúde mental. A prevalência geral de "suspeitos" de TMC foi de 35,0%. Em relação aos aspectos psicossociais do trabalho, relataram uma alta demanda psicológica e baixo controle sobre as atividades laborais. Os resultados obtidos apontam que as condições de trabalho e saúde observadas, não são adequadas para a efetiva realização do trabalho de enfermagem no hospital estudado.

  18. Local ecological knowledge of artisanal fishermen in southern Bahia, Brazil, about trophic interactions of sharks

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    Márcio Luiz Vargas Barbosa Filho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Despite the serious threats that affect shark species living along the central coast of Brazil, knowledge about the life history of these animals is still scarce. The present study describes the knowledge and perceptions of fishermen from southern Bahia, Brazil, on the trophic interactions of sharks. The objective of this work was to generate information that contributes to a better understanding of the life history of sharks from this poorly known region. In 2012, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 65 fishermen, with over 15 years of experience, about fisheries and aspects of shark feeding behavior. The study found that the participants have comprehensive ethno-ecological knowledge about shark feeding habits, describing 39 types of items as components of the diets of these animals. They are also able to recognize the favored items in the diet of each ethnospecies of shark. Similar studies about shark feeding habits along the Brazilian coast should be developed. This will generate more detailed knowledge and/or new scientific hypotheses about the interspecific relationships of these predators and their prey.

  19. Etiologia do declínio de mangostanzeiros no sul da Bahia

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    Eduardo César Araújo Paim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O declínio do mangostanzeiro (Garcinia mangostana L. no litoral sul do Estado da Bahia é hoje o principal problema da cultura, sendo caracterizado por sintomas de murcha, amarelecimento, seca e queda de folhas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo acompanhar a evolução da sintomatologia da doença, isolar e identificar os potenciais patógenos causadores do declínio do mangostanzeiro. A doença começa com a necrose das radículas, a qual atinge as raízes secundárias, primárias e progride até à base do tronco que desenvolve lesões necróticas extensas. Os sintomas secundários são clorose, murcha e queda das folhas. Das amostras de tecidos lesionados de plantas doentes levadas ao laboratório, foram isolados e identificados os seguintes fungos: Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Lasiodiplodia parva, Mycoleptodiscus sp., Rhizopus sp., Stilbella sp., Trichoderma spp. e Aspergillus sp. Apenas L. theobromae e L. parva foram patogênicas a fragmentos de raízes e caules de mangostanzeiros in vitro e a mudas de mangostanzeiros em casa de vegetação, sendo o isolado da primeira espécie o mais virulento. A taxonomia do gênero Lasiodiplodia e algumas condições que influenciam no desenvolvimento da doença no campo foram analisadas.

  20. Variation of nutrient and metal concentrations in aquatic macrophytes along the Rio Cachoeira in Bahia (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klump, Andreas; Bauer, Konrad; Franz-Gerstein, Charis; de Menezes, Max

    2002-07-01

    The use of cuprous fungicides in cocoa production in the southern part of the state of Bahia (Brazil) for decades has caused an accumulation of copper in various components of the cocoa plantations, and a contamination of regional freshwater ecosystems is suspected. Urban and industrial sources are supposed to contribute to water pollution and eutrophication of the Rio Cachoeira, the main river in this region. In order to study the metal contamination and nutritional status of this freshwater ecosystem, samples of the aquatic macrophytes Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiotes were collected at seven sites along the river course. The samples were analysed for their copper, aluminium, chromium, nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. The levels of heavy metals increased in the downstream direction, particularly in the roots of water hyacinth. A dramatic increase of nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in water as well as in plant tissues was found in samples collected downstream from the city of Itabuna. Metal input and eutrophication were attributed to agricultural, industrial and urban sources in the region. Biomonitoring of the water quality using aquatic macrophytes as accumulative indicator plants is recommended in addition to chemical water analyses.

  1. Community violence and childhood asthma prevalence in peripheral neighborhoods in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil.

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    Alves, Guilherme da Costa; Santos, Darci Neves; Feitosa, Caroline Alves; Barreto, Mauricio Lima

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to identify degrees of exposure to community violence reported by parents and guardians of children from four to 12 years of age and the association with childhood asthma symptoms. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,232 parents/guardians in 24 peripheral neighborhoods in Salvador, the capital of Bahia State, Brazil. The authors investigated asthma symptoms in children and acts of violence in the community. More than 75% of parents/guardians had been exposed to community violence in the previous year, with 20% reporting high levels of exposure. Children that were more exposed to violence showed higher asthma prevalence (28.4%) as compared to non-exposed children (16.4%). Children exposed to maximum levels of violence were nearly twice as likely to present asthma symptoms (adjusted OR = 1.94; 95%CI: 1.12-3.36). The study highlighted the relevance of community violence as a risk factor for asthma and the need for further research to elucidate methodological issues.

  2. Molecular characterization of group A rotavirus isolates obtained from hospitalized children in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Karina Serravalle

    Full Text Available Rotavirus is a major cause of infectious diarrhea in infants and young children. The objective of this study was to characterize the genotypes of Human Rotavirus found in children hospitalized with acute diarrhea in the Pediatric Hospital Prof. Hosannah de Oliveira of the UFBA in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, during the years of 1999, 2000 and 2002. Fecal samples were analyzed (n=358 by methods EIARA and SDS-PAGE for detection of Rotavirus. Positive samples of one or two of these methods (n=168 were submitted to RT-PCR and Multiplex-Nested PCR to determine genotypes G and P. A hundred sixty-eight (46.9% samples were positive and 190 (53.1% negative. Only 17 (4.7% samples had divergent results. The distribution of genotypes G during the first year, showed that the genotype G9 was present in 96,8% of the analyzed samples, in the second year, it was responsible for 96% and in the third year, 88,1%. The characterization of genotypes P demonstrated that the genotype P1A[8] was the most outstanding in all years. In this study we discuss the benefit to control the genotypes of Rotavirus through the molecular characterization for the development of potential vaccines.

  3. First report of modern pollen deposition in moss polsters in a semiarid area of Bahia, Brazil

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    Daiane Alves dos Santos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have shown that pollen analyses of natural substrates can produce data valuable for understanding the local pollen productivity and dispersal, deposition, and preservation potential of pollen grains. In this study, we aimed to acquire novel information about the dynamics and preservation of pollen in Caatinga environment through the palynological study of moss polsters. Samples of moss polsters in soil (MPS and on rock (MPR were collected from the Canudos Biological Station in the Bahia State (Brazil and subjected to standard chemical treatments for the extraction of pollen residues. In total, 372 pollen types were recorded from the samples of which the taxonomical affinity of 140 was determined. The most represented families were Fabaceae (23 pollen types/16.42% and Asteraceae (12 pollen types/8.57%. The MPS samples had a higher pollen concentration (21,042.04 pollen grains/cm² than the MPR samples (7,829.35 pollen grains/cm². On the other hand, the MPR samples had a greater diversity (68.26% of the identified pollen types. Qualitative analysis showed that the plants of shrub and subshrub habits had the greatest representation among the pollen types (35.0%. Overall, moss polsters proved to be excellent natural air pollen collectors in Caatinga environment, provided they had moist microhabitats for their development.

  4. Ethno-malacological knowledge of bivalve mollusks gathering in Acupe mangrove, Santo Amaro, Bahia

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    Francisco José Bezerra Souto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The mangrove is a highly productive ecosystem that carries out important ecological functions and that historically it has been used for the subsistence and income of countless craft fishing communities. In the mangroves of Todos os Santos Bay, including those of the District of Acupe (Santo Amaro – Bahia State, the bivalve mollusks (shellfish are among the most important resources, and their gathering is known as “mariscagem”. This work aims to characterize the knowledge of the local female shellfish gatherers regarding the biology and ecology of bivalve shellfish. Semi-structured interviews were used with local shellfish women (N=54 involving ethnotaxonomy, trophic ecology, hydrodynamics, fenology and ethnocronology. Etic-emic analisys of the data was chosen in order to compare the information obtained in the field to that from the academic literature. The results demonstrated that the shellfish women of Acupe have a significant knowledge of bivalve shellfish, in addition to aspects related to the dynamics of local mangroves, that is sometimes compatible with academic knowledge.

  5. Fungos anamórficos (Hyphomycetes da Chapada Diamantina: novos registros para o Estado da Bahia e Brasil Anamorphic fungi (Hyphomycetes from the Chapada Diamantina: new records from Bahia State and Brazil

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    Alisson Cardoso Rodrigues da Cruz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available (Fungos anamórficos (Hyphomycetes da Chapada Diamantina: novos registros para o Estado da Bahia e Brasil. Os fungos anamórficos, caracterizados pela produção de estruturas de reprodução assexuadas, são habitantes comuns do folhedo onde desempenham papel importante na decomposição. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um inventário dos fungos anamórficos associados ao folhedo de plantas da Chapada Diamantina, BA. Foram realizadas 13 expedições, de dezembro/2002 a outubro/2003, para coleta de folhedo. Para verificação da presença de fungos anamórficos o material foi submetido à técnica de lavagem sucessiva com água destilada esterilizada e posteriormente incubado em câmaras-úmidas. Lâminas permanentes com as estruturas reprodutivas dos espécimes foram confeccionadas com resina PVL e depositadas no herbário HUEFS. Das 57 espécies de fungos anamórficos identificados, nove constituem novas ocorrências para o Estado da Bahia e cinco para o Brasil: Fusariella atrovirens (Berk. Sacc., Kiliophora ubiensis (Caneva & Rambelli Kuthub. & Nawawi, Paraceratocladium silvestre Castañeda, Pleurotheciopsis setiformis Castañeda e Triscelophorus deficiens (Matsush. Matsush. Incluem-se comentários e distribuição geográfica dos novos registros para o Estado da Bahia; descrições e ilustrações são apresentadas para as novas ocorrências para o Brasil.(Anamorphic fungi (Hyphomycetes from the Chapada Diamantina: new records from Bahia State and Brazil. The anamorphic fungi are characterized by production of asexual reproductive structures and are common inhabitants of the leaf litter, where they play an important role in decomposition. The aim of this work was to survey the anamorphic fungi associated with leaf litter from Chapada Diamantina, B ahia state. Thirteen expeditions took place from December/2002 to October/2003 to collect leaf litter. The serial washing technique with sterile distilled water followed by incubation in

  6. Câncer do pênis: estudo da sua patologia geográfica no Estado da Bahia, Brasil Cancer of the penis: a study in pathological geography in Bahia State, Brazil

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    Aryon de Almeida Barbosa Júnior

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados 811 pacientes com o diagnóstico histológico de câncer do pênis, procedentes do Estado da Bahia, Brasil, entre 1952 e 1983. Cinqüenta por cento dos pacientes tinham entre 46 e 61 anos de idade. Cerca de 80% de todos os pacientes eram procedentes das regiões interioranas do Estado. A mesorregião do Leste Baiano foi a que apresentou freqüência mais elevada, principalmente as microrregiões do Recôncavo Baiano, Jequié, Feira de Santana e Serrinha. O lapso de tempo entre o aparecimentos da primeira lesão e o diagnóstico foi maior do que três meses em mais de 80% dos casos. Fimose foi a principal condição associada, estando presente em 63% dos casos. A prática sistemática da circuncisão na infância é meio eficaz de prevenção da doença, e deve ser estimulada.A study of 811 patients from Bahia State with histological cancer of the pênis is presented. Fifty per cent of the tumors were observed in persons of between 46 and 61 years of age. Nearly 80% of the penile cancer patients came from rural areas. The greatest number of patients came from the Eastern region of Bahia, notably from de Recôncavo Baiano, Jequié, Feira de Santana and Serrinha. More than 80% of the cases sought medical advice for the first time three months or more after the appearance of the initial lesion. Sixty-three per cent had pre-existing phimosis. The systematic practice of circuncision during infancy constitutes an effective prophylatic measure and should be encouraged.

  7. Diversidade genética entre acessos de cacau de fazendas e de banco de germoplasma na Bahia Genetic diversity among farm and germplasm bank accessions of cacao in Bahia, Brazil

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    Jeiza Botelho Leal

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a diversidade genética de acessos de cacau, selecionados previamente como produtivos e resistentes à vassoura-de-bruxa na Bahia, e estudar suas inter-relações com genótipos no banco de germoplasma. Amostras de DNA de folhas dos 120 acessos, coletados em 17 fazendas de sete municípios do Sul da Bahia, foram amplificadas pela técnica de RAPD ("random amplified polymorphic DNA". Os coeficientes de dissimilaridade genética, calculados pelo método de Jaccard a partir das bandas RAPD, permitiram evidenciar, pela análise de agrupamento, que a maioria das seleções das fazendas (89,2% agrupou-se com acessos do banco de germoplasma considerados representativos da diversidade de cacau (híbridos, trinitários, Scavinas, amazônicos e cacau-comum. As demais seleções distribuíram-se em outros sete grupos distintos. Há elevada diversidade genética entre as seleções das fazendas, e algumas delas devem ter-se originado de genitores não incluídos nesta análise. Esses materiais apresentam potencial para seleção de clones com maior diversidade para novos cruzamentos ou uso pelos agricultores.The objective of this work was to assess genetic diversity of farm cacao accessions, previously selected as productive and resistant to witch broom in Bahia, Brazil, and to study their interrelationship with reference genotypes on germplasm bank. DNA samples from 120 cacao accessions, collected on 17 farms in seven counties in Southern Bahia, were amplified by RAPD technique (random amplified polymorphic DNA. The coefficients of genetic dissimilarity, calculated from the RAPD bands by Jaccard method, allowed to show by cluster analysis that most farm selections (89.2% grouped with accessions from germplasm bank considered representatives of the cacao genetic diversity (hybrids, Trinitarian, Scavina, Amazon and common cacao. The other selections were distributed in seven distinct groups. There is high genetic

  8. Envenenamento por serpentes do gênero Bothrops no Estado da Bahia: aspectos epidemiológicos e clínicos

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    Mise,Yukari Figueroa; Silva, Rejane Maria Lira da; Carvalho,Fernando Martins

    2007-01-01

    p. 569-573 Descreve-se características clínico-epidemiológicas de 655 casos de acidentes botrópicos atendidos e/ou notificados ao Centro de Informações Antiveneno da Bahia, no Estado da Bahia, em 2001. A incidência anual no Estado foi de 5,0 acidentes/100.000 habitantes e a letalidade, 1%. A incidência foi máxima na microrregião Litoral Norte (21,9/100.000 habitantes) e no município de Itanagra (92,9/100.000 habitantes). Os acidentes foram predominantemente diurnos, acometendo membros infe...

  9. Transformations of Mangrove Forests in Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico: Two Decade Results Based on Landsat Imageries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh Babu, S.; Abdul Rahaman, S.; Muthushankar, G.; Jonathan, M. P.

    2014-12-01

    Mangrove forests which thrive along the tropical and subtropical regions are the most productive ecosystems in the world with a wide range of ecological and economical services to mankind. With the rapid urbanization across the globe, these forests tend to be destroying at an alarming rate. The area of concern for this study, Bahia Magdalena is very important for the economy of the state as nearly 50% of the artisan fisheries are established in the mangrove zone. Henceforth this study is an attempt for a regional assessment and to accurately quantify the mangroves using LANDSAT imageries for over two decades in Bahia Magdalena, Baja California. Satellite imageries from the year 1986 through 2014 were analysed to assess the prolonged changes taking place in and around the mangrove reserve. Using the estimates of land use/cover for all the years, the spatio - temporal data was validated using ArcGIS software. The results revealed that the spatial extent of mangroves are decreasing until 2005 due to the developmental plans such as tourism, shrimp farming and establishment of industries in this part of the country. During the past 10 years (~ after 2005) there is no much change in the area extent of mangrove reserves due to afforestation and conservation efforts. Thus the unbiased dataset generated may be widely used for an improved understanding of the role of mangrove forests in the socio economic aspects, protection from natural disasters, identify possible areas for conservation, restoration and rehabilitation; and improve estimates of the amount of carbon stored in mangrove vegetation and the associated marine environment. Keywords: Mangroves, LANDSAT, Bahia Magdalena, México.

  10. Alcohol drinking patterns by gender, ethnicity, and social class in Bahia, Brazil Determinantes sociais e padrões de consumo de álcool na Bahia, Brasil

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    Naomar Almeida-Filho

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To study patterns of alcohol consumption and prevalence of high-risk drinking. METHODS: A household survey was carried out in a sample of 2,302 adults in Salvador, Brazil. Cases of High-Risk Drinking (HRD were defined as those subjects who referred daily or weekly binge drinking plus episodes of drunkenness and those who reported any use of alcoholic beverages but with frequent drunkenness (at least once a week. RESULTS: Fifty-six per cent of the sample acknowledged drinking alcoholic beverages. Overall consumption was significantly related with gender (male, marital status (single, migration (non-migrant, better educated (college level, and social class (upper. No significant differences were found regarding ethnicity, except for cachaça (Brazilian sugarcane liquor and other distilled beverages. Overall 12-month prevalence of high-risk drinking was 7%, six times more prevalent among males than females (almost 13% compared to 2.4%. A positive association of HRD prevalence with education and social class was found. No overall relationship was found between ethnicity and HRD. Male gender and higher socioeconomic status were associated with increased odds of HRD. Two-way stratified analyses yielded consistent gender effects throughout all strata of independent variables. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that social and cultural elements determine local patterns of alcohol-drinking behavior. Additional research on long-term and differential effects of gender, ethnicity, and social class on alcohol use and misuse is needed in order to explain their role as sources of social health inequities.OBJETIVOS: Investigar padrões de consumo de álcool e prevalência de consumo de alto risco. MÉTODOS: Inquérito domiciliar realizado no município de Salvador, Bahia, com amostra de 2.302 adultos. Casos de consumo de alto risco foram definidos como sujeitos que referiram uso diário ou semanal mais episódios de embriaguez, além daqueles que

  11. Uma avaliação do Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento (PAC no estado da Bahia (2007-10 Una evaluación del Programa de Aceleración del Crecimiento (PAC en el Estado de la Bahia - Brasil (2007-10 An evaluation of the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC in the state of Bahia - Brazil (2007-10

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    Aliger dos Santos Pereira

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa os principais empreendimentos de infraestrutura (logística, energética e social e urbana do Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento (PAC no período de 2007 a 2010. A problemática do estudo foi: como o planejamento do PAC baiano contribuiu para o desenvolvimento do Estado? O artigo demonstra, por meio de dados quantitativos, o impacto e o desempenho do PAC para o desenvolvimento da Bahia. Para a realização dessa abordagem quantitativa, informações foram extraídas de dados secundários. Conclui-se que, em média, 76,93% dos projetos do PAC baiano não foram finalizados, mas, mesmo assim, ao associá-lo ao Produto Interno Bruto (PIB, utilizando uma simulação regressiva, antes, durante e depois dos anos de 2007 até 2010, percebe-se sua influência e interferência no processo de crescimento regional da Bahia.El trabajo analiza las principales construcciones de infraestructura (logística, energética y social y urbana del Programa de Aceleración del Crecimiento (PAC en el período comprendido entre 2007 y 2010. El problema del estudio fue: ¿cómo la planificación del PAC (Bahia ha contribuido para el desarrollo del estado? El artículo muestra, a través de datos cuantitativos, el impacto y el rendimiento del PAC para el desarrollo de la Bahia. Para llevar a este enfoque, se utilizaron datos secundarios. Si concluye que en promedio 76,93% de los proyectos de PAC (Bahia no fue finalizado. Al asociar el PAC (Bahia con su Producto Interno Bruto (PIB a través de una simulación regresiva (antes, durante y después de los años de 2007 a 2010, es posible comprobar que el PAC influencia e interfiere en el proceso de crecimiento regional en Bahia.The article reviews the development of the main infrastructure aspects (logistics, energy and social and urban of the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC in the period 2007 to 2010. The problem of the study was: how did the PAC contribute to the development of Bahia State? The article

  12. Magnesita do depósito de Campo de Dentro, Serra das Éguas, Bahia: Geoquimica e Gênese

    OpenAIRE

    Teodoro Isnard Ribeiro de Almeida

    1991-01-01

    A área de pesquisa situa-se na Serra das Éguas, Brumado, Bahia, na Mina de magnesita de Campo de Dentro e arredores. A jazida, de morfologia lenticular, encaixa-se em rochas dolomíticas localmente evaporíticas e estas em calciossilicáticas. Estas rochas foram interpretadas como metassedimentos químicos e pelíticos de águas rasas, deformados e metamorfisados no fácies anfibolito, com intercalações de anfibolitos, prováveis metavulcânicas básicas. A seqüência rochosa pertence ao Grupo Serra das...

  13. [Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) associated to host plants in the southern region of Bahia State].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittencourt, M A L; da Silva, A C M; Silva, V E S; Bomfim, Z V; Guimarães, J A; de Souza Filho, M F; Araujo, E L

    2011-01-01

    The association among Anastrepha species, braconid parasitoids and host fruits in southern Bahia is recorded. Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti) was associated with A. serpentina (Wied.) in Pouteria caimito, A. bahiensis Lima in Helicostylis tomentosa, A. sororcula Zucchi in Eugenia uniflora, and A. obliqua (Macquart) in Spondias purpurea. Anatrepha obliqua was unique in fruits of Averrhoa carambola, but associated with D. areolatus, Asobara anastrephae (Muesebeck) and Utetes anastrephae (Viereck). In Achras sapota, A. serpentina was associated with A. anastrephae and D. areolatus, while in Psidium guajava, A. fraterculus (Wied.) and A. sororcula were associated with D. areolatus and U. anastrephae.

  14. Occurrence of new species of mealybug on cotton fields in the states of Bahia and Paraíba, Brazil

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    Carlos Alberto Domingues da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae has been reported occurring in several countries causing severe losses in economically important crops, including cotton. Based on information reported by farmers in the regions of the Southwest and Middle São Francisco, Bahia and also in the regions of the Agreste and Semi-arid of the Paraiba State, high infestations of cotton mealybugs have occurred in these regions during the cotton season of 2007 and 2008. The cotton mealybug was identified as P. solenopsis and this represents the first record of this insect attacking cotton in Brazil.

  15. Evidence of preferential female prevalence of HTLV-I associated tropical spastic paraparesis in Bahia-Brazil

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    O. A. Moreno-Carvalho

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the prevalence of HTLV-I infection and its association with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP in Bahia, a Northeastern State of Brazil, CSF and sera from TSP patients and CSF and/or sera from some selected groups of individuals were studied. The results seem to indicate a higher prevalence of HTLV-I infection in women than men with TSP and among individuals of HIV risk groups. Some alterations of routine analysis of CSF can suggest HTLV-I infection in TSP patients.

  16. Memory and topophilia in Bahia semi-arid: images of everyday life from old farmers of sisal

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    Alessandra Alexandre Freixo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to understand the meanings produced by elderly farmers in Valente (Bahia, Brazil about their place, taken as a starting point for understanding their relationship to the environment. For this, we rely on stories as well as in filmic records, taken as raw material for the construction of a memory about the place, inextricably articulated to the daily experiences of the elder and his representations of the past, that serves as an adjunct in the interpretation of their reality.

  17. Relationship among tourism, ownership of land and heritage: a contribution to the planning of sustainable tourism in Bahia, Brazil

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    Natanael Reis Bomfim

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the relationship among land appropriation by tourism and its impacts in culture and environment, claiming for sustainable tourism planning in Cacau Seashore in Bahia. Discourses of several authors of planning issues who write on sustainable tourism and regional development in an inter-disciplinary base were analyzed. To value those communities held in the periphery of the economic system, who many times get into drug dealing or prostitution (and sex tourism in which Brazil is a world leader for survival is evidenced.

  18. The cultural movement of black carnaval groups in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The case of the Grupo Cultural Olodum

    OpenAIRE

    Schaeber, Petra

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation is about race relations and the debate about race in Brazil. Since the end of the 1970s Afro-Brazilians have begun to construct a new black identity. It has been based on an Afro-centric ideological agenda that diverges from the once prevailing view of racial harmony. Blacks have protested against racism in new carnival groups ("blocos afros") that began to appear in Salvador in the northeastern state of Bahia. The general assumptions about race and the debate about race ...

  19. The occurrence of microdiamonds in Mesoproterozoic Chapada Diamantina intrusive rocks: Bahia / Brazil

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    Gislaine A. Battilani

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The origin of diamonds from Serra do Espinhaço in Diamantina region (State of Minas Gerais and in Chapada Diamantina, Lençóis region (State of Bahia remains uncertain, even taking into account the ample research carried out during the last decades. The lack of typical satellite minerals in both districts makes a kimberlitic source for these diamonds uncertain. In mid 18th century the occurrence of a metamorphosed igneous rock composed of martite, sericite and tourmaline was described in Diamantina region and named hematitic phyllite, considered by some researchers as a possible diamond source. Similar rocks were found in Lençóis and examined petrographically and their heavy mineral concentration was investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Petrographic analyses indicated an igneous origin for these rocks and SEM analyses showed the discovery of microdiamonds. Geochronological studies using the Ar/Ar technique in muscovites yielded minimum ages of 1515 ± 3 Ma, which may correlate with 1710 ± 12 Ma from U-Pb method in igneous zircons from the hematitic phyllites. Both rock types also have the same mineral and chemical composition which leads to the conclusion that the intrusive rocks were protolith of the hematitic phyllites. This first discovery of microdiamonds in intrusive rocks opens the possibility of new investigation models for diamond mineralization in Brazilian Proterozoic terrains.A origem dos diamantes da Serra do Espinhaço na região de Diamantina, Minas Gerais e na Chapada Diamantina, na região de Lençóis, Bahia, permanece incerta apesar das inúmeras pesquisas desenvolvidas, ao longo das últimas décadas. A ausência de minerais satélites típicos em ambos os distritos, torna incerta a possibilidade de fonte kimberlítica para os diamantes. Na região de Diamantina registra-se, desde meados do século XVIII, a ocorrência de uma rocha metamórfica, composta por martita, sericita e turmalina, denominada

  20. Analysis of Service-learning activities adopted in health courses of Federal University of Bahia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldoino, Aline Silva; Veras, Renata Meira

    2016-06-01

    is study aimed to raise and discuss the data about the integration of health courses teaching and service activities o ered at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), pre- senting scenarios practices and major di culties existing in the relationship between the university and the services of health. is was a qualitative study of descriptive explo- ratory character, using a questionnaire as a research tool applied to the coordinators of selected health courses. e selection was by reading the political pedagogical project, the following courses were selected: nursing, physical therapy, speech therapy, medicine, nu- trition, dentistry and public health. e results indicated eight types of teaching-service integration activities, 57 scenarios of practice and the main di culties. It was concluded that these courses are sticking to changes in academic training in health, in view of the large number of basic health units in the teaching service process. us, it emphasizes that the UFBA includes activities in health care that enable the integration-education in the higher education process, although there are some di culties in this relationship indicated by the coordinators. Esse estudo teve como objetivo levantar e discutir os dados acerca das atividades de integração ensino-serviço de cursos de saúde oferecidos na Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), apresentando os cenários de práticas e as principais di culdades existentes na relação entre a uni- versidadeeosserviçosdesaúde.Tratou-sedeumapesquisaqualitativa,decaráterdescritivoexploratório,utilizando-seumquestionáriocomo instrumento de investigação aplicado aos coordenadores dos cursos de saúde selecionados. A seleção foi mediante a leitura do projeto político pedagógico, sendo selecionados os seguintes cursos: enfermagem, sioterapia, fonoaudiologia, medicina, nutrição, odontologia e saúde coletiva. Os resultados indicaram 8 tipos de atividades de integração ensino-serviço, 57 cenários de pr

  1. THE WORK IN INTERIOR OF BAHIA: ASSESSMENT FOR REPORTING ACCIDENTS AT WORK

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    Cleber Souza de Jesus

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between work and health are interconnected to a variety of situations, characterized by different stages of technological incorporation, multiple forms of organization and management, and a precarious employment relation, reflected on morbidity and mortality of workers. Thus, this study aimed to identify the profile of work accidents from the chips of communication of occupational accidents notified in the regional occupational health center in Jequié/BA. A cross-sectional study was conducted for year 2006. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software 11.0. Were analyzed 141 records of communicationof occupational accidents, of which 57.9% were i ssued by theemployer, there was a male predominance (68.1%, unmarried individuals (52.5% living in urban area (90.8%, with emphasis on the affections of the upper limbs (55.3%. Regarding foroccupational aspects, 63.8% of diagnoses were for neuromuscular disorders. Removals to treatment 85.8% of workers, as well as 48.2% of reports were from the sector of manufacturing industry. Statistically significant association was found between sex and body part affected with the type of accident (p <0.05.Therefore, the composition of the accidents, according to its severity and its various types of classification, have shown that these do not constitute a single and isolated event, being unevenly distributed. It becomes essential the valorization of employee as integral and fundamental part to the economic development process of the country. Public policies to encourage prevention and health promotion in workplaces should be implemented, aiming at a possible change in the scenario of health workers in the interior of Bahia.

  2. Proyecto Vidas Paralelas Indígena: revelando el pueblo Pataxó de Bahia, Brasil

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    Cristina SANTOS

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este relato de experiencia se refiere al grupo étnico Pataxó, que habita la Costa del Descubrimiento, en el sur del Estado de Bahia, Brasil, y en algunos lugares de Minas Gerais. Más especificamente se refiere a las aldeas de Barra Velha (Aldeia Madre y Coroa Vermelha, con 6.695 y 5.200 habitantes, Saúde Indígena Tempus - Actas de Saúde Coletiva Revista Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva 72 respectivamente. Este pueblo fue uno de los primeros a tener contacto con los portugueses y le fue prohibido hablar su lengua ancestral, que pertenece a la familia Maxacali, del tronco Macro-Jê, y que se encuentra en proceso de rescate. Se relata la historia reciente de conflictos, en 1951 y en 1990. Se describe la organización jerárquica de la comunidad y sus líderes elegidos por una asamblea, así como las instancias de representación y control social. Se relatan costumbres de alimentación y autocuidado, la influencia creciente de productos industrializados en los hábitos alimentarios, así como las enfermedades y dolencias más fecuentes. Hay varios estudiantes indígenas en universidades públicas. La atención a la salud es realizada por un equipo multiprofesional que se desplaza a la comunidad cada 15 días. Se destacan problemas de transporte.

  3. Spatial distribution of triatomines (Reduviidae: Triatominae in urban areas of the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Karine de Souza O. Santana

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Environmental changes have a strong influence on the emergence and/or reemergence of infectious diseases. The city of Salvador, Brazil -currently the focus of a housing boom linked to massive deforestation- is an example in point as the destruction of the remaining areas of the Atlantic Forest around the city has led to an increased risk for Chagas disease. Human domiciles have been invaded by the triatomine vectors of Trypansoma cruzi, the flagellate protozoan causing Chagas disease, a problem of particular concern in urban/suburban areas of the city such as the Patamares sector in the north-east, where numbers of both the vector and human cases of the disease have increased lately. To control and prevent further deterioration of the situation, the control programme for Chagas disease, developed by the Bahia Center for Zoonosis Control, has divided the area into a grid of designated surveillance units (ZIs that are subjected to vector examination. In six out of 98 of these ZIs, 988 triatomes were collected and georeferenced during the 3-year period between 2006 and 2009. The hottest months, that are also generally the driest, showed the highest numbers of triatomines with Triatoma tibiamaculata being the predominant species (98.3% with Panstrongylus geniculatus present only occasionally (0.6%. Fifty-four percent of all triatomines captured were found inside the homes, and 48.6% out of 479 individuals in the affected ZIs selected for analysis tested positive for T. cruzi infection. The study presented here is a pioneering initiative to map the spatial distribution of triatomines based on geographical information systems with the additional aim of contributing to an expanded knowledge-base about T. cruzi and its vectors in urban areas and raise public health awareness of the risks involved.

  4. Phenological synchrony and seasonality of understory Rubiaceae in the Atlantic Forest, Bahia, Brazil

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    Heitor Scarpati Liuth

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In tropical forests with low seasonality, climatic variables generally exert a weak influence on the phenology of species. The seasonality of phenophases in closely related taxa can be controlled by phylogenetic constraints in such environments. In this study, our aim was to describe the phenology of Rubiaceae in the understory of the Atlantic Forest in the southern part of Bahia, Brazil, as well as to evaluate the seasonality and phenological synchrony of this family. For two years, we observed 90 individuals belonging to 13 species, in an area of 0.2 ha. Leaf flushing and leaf fall did not demonstrate any seasonality, were continuous for most species and correlated with few of the climatic variables. Flowering was seasonal and correlated positively with all climatic variables. Species exhibited seasonality for this phenophase with high flowering overlap among species of Psychotria, indicating an aggregated pattern for this genus. Fruiting was also seasonal and correlated with all the climatic variables, unripe fruit development peaking at the beginning of the season during which humidity is highest and fruit ripening peaking in the season during which humidity is slightly lower. The vegetative and flowering patterns observed in the study area are commonly seen in other tropical forests. The reproductive seasonality of this family can facilitate the attraction of biotic agents, as postulated in the facilitation hypothesis. Our results demonstrate that climatic variables influenced the phenological patterns observed here, although the high reproductive seasonality and interspecific synchrony, especially in congeneric species, raises the possibility that phylogenetic proximity plays a role in the pattern of the family Rubiaceae.

  5. Bioassay guided purification of the antimicrobial fraction of a Brazilian propolis from Bahia state

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    de Alencar Severino

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Brazilian propolis type 6 (Atlantic forest, Bahia is distinct from the other types of propolis especially due to absence of flavonoids and presence of other non-polar, long chain compounds, but presenting good in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity. Several authors have suggested that fatty acids found in this propolis might be responsible for its antimicrobial activity; however, so far no evidence concerning this finding has been reported in the literature. The goals of this study were to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the main pure fatty acids in the ethanolic extract and fractions and elucidate the chemical nature of the bioactive compounds isolated from Brazilian propolis type 6. Methods Brazilian propolis type 6 ethanolic extract (EEP, hexane fraction (H-Fr, major fatty acids, and isolated sub-fractions were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC, high resolution gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (HRGC-FID, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS. Three sub-fractions of H-Fr were obtained through preparative HPLC. Antimicrobial activity of EEP, H-Fr, sub-fractions, and fatty acids were tested against Staphyloccus aureus ATCC 25923 and Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt 1600 using minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC. Results EEP and H-Fr inhibited the growth of the microorganisms tested; nevertheless, no antimicrobial activity was found for the major fatty acids. The three sub-fractions (1, 2, and 3 were isolated from H-Fr by preparative HPLC and only sub-fraction 1 showed antimicrobial activity. Conclusion a The major fatty acids tested were not responsible for the antimicrobial activity of propolis type 6; b Sub-fraction 1, belonging to the benzophenone class, was responsible for the antimicrobial activity observed in the present study. The identification of the bioactive compound will improve the development of more

  6. Bioassay guided purification of the antimicrobial fraction of a Brazilian propolis from Bahia state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Myrella Lessio; Vilela, Walquíria Ribeiro; Zauli, Rogéria Cristina; Ikegaki, Masaharu; Rehder, Vera Lúcia Garcia; Foglio, Mary Ann; de Alencar, Severino Matias; Rosalen, Pedro Luiz

    2009-07-30

    Brazilian propolis type 6 (Atlantic forest, Bahia) is distinct from the other types of propolis especially due to absence of flavonoids and presence of other non-polar, long chain compounds, but presenting good in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity. Several authors have suggested that fatty acids found in this propolis might be responsible for its antimicrobial activity; however, so far no evidence concerning this finding has been reported in the literature. The goals of this study were to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the main pure fatty acids in the ethanolic extract and fractions and elucidate the chemical nature of the bioactive compounds isolated from Brazilian propolis type 6. Brazilian propolis type 6 ethanolic extract (EEP), hexane fraction (H-Fr), major fatty acids, and isolated sub-fractions were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), high resolution gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (HRGC-FID), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Three sub-fractions of H-Fr were obtained through preparative HPLC. Antimicrobial activity of EEP, H-Fr, sub-fractions, and fatty acids were tested against Staphyloccus aureus ATCC 25923 and Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt 1600 using minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). EEP and H-Fr inhibited the growth of the microorganisms tested; nevertheless, no antimicrobial activity was found for the major fatty acids. The three sub-fractions (1, 2, and 3) were isolated from H-Fr by preparative HPLC and only sub-fraction 1 showed antimicrobial activity. a) The major fatty acids tested were not responsible for the antimicrobial activity of propolis type 6; b) Sub-fraction 1, belonging to the benzophenone class, was responsible for the antimicrobial activity observed in the present study. The identification of the bioactive compound will improve the development of more efficient uses of this natural product.

  7. Candida species isolated from the vaginal mucosa of HIV-infected women in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Paula Matos Oliveira

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC is the second most common vaginal infection. HIV-infection is a risk factor for this infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of VVC and to describe the main Candida species isolated and their susceptibility to antifungal drugs in HIV-infected patients, compared to HIV-uninfected women in Salvador, Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including a group of 64 HIV-infected women and 76 uninfected women, followed up at the AIDS reference center and at the Gynecological Clinic of Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública (Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. RESULTS: Frequency of Candida spp. was higher in HIV-infected women (29.7% than in HIV-uninfected controls (14.5% (p = 0.02. The odds ratio value for vulvovaginal candidiasis in HIV-infected patients was 2.6 (95% CI: 1.07 - 6.32 p = 0.03. Candida albicans was the most commonly isolated species in both HIV-infected (52.3% and uninfected women (85.7%, followed by C. parapsolis in 17.6% and 14.3%, respectively. In HIV-infected women, C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, and a coinfection of C. albicans and C. glabrata were also identified. There was no significant difference between Candida species isolated from the vaginal mucosa of women with VVC and colonization of the vaginal mucosa of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women. One C. glabrata isolate from an HIV-infected patient was resistant to fluconazole and other two isolates exhibited a dose-dependent susceptibility. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm a higher frequency of Candida spp. isolated from the vaginal mucosa of HIV-infected women and a broader spectrum of species involved. Only Candida glabrata isolates showed decreased susceptibility to fluconazole.

  8. Application of PCR in serum samples for diagnosis of paracoccidioidomycosis in the southern Bahia-Brazil.

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    Lucas Dias

    Full Text Available Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM cannot always be diagnosed by conventional means such as direct examination of histopathology or clinical samples, and serological methods, used as an alternative, still have many cases of cross-reactivity. In this scenario, molecular techniques seem to arise as a rapid approach, specific and direct that could be used in the diagnosis of this mycosis. In this study we analyzed 76 serum samples from patients in southern Bahia suspected of having paracoccidioidomycosis using a conventional PCR with primers for the ITS1 ribosomal DNA of P. brasiliensis. Of these 76 patients, 5 were positive for PCM by double immunodiffusion and/or direct examination and histopathology. To test specificity of PCR, we used human DNA and three isolates of P. lutzii (1578, 01 and ED01. Additionally, we analyzed by serial dilutions of DNA the limit of detection of the assay. The test of PCR proved specific, as only a 144 bp fragment of the three isolates of P. lutzii and no human DNA was amplified. Detection limit was 1.1 pg/µL of DNA. Despite the high detection limit and specificity of PCR none of the 76 serum samples were found positive by PCR, but a biopsy specimen obtained from one of the patients with PCM was positive. These results, albeit limited, show that PCR is not effective in detecting DNA of P. brasiliensis or P. lutzii in serum, but could perhaps be used with other types of clinical samples, especially in those instances in which conventional methods fail.

  9. PERFORMANCE OF ‘TUXPAN VALENCIA’ SWEET ORANGE GRAFTED ONTO 14 ROOTSTOCKS IN NORTHERN BAHIA, BRAZIL

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    NATIANA DE OLIVEIRA FRANÇA

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In the State of Bahia, Brazil, the citrus industry is located on the north coast with the prevalence of the combination ‘Pera’ sweet orange on ‘Rangpur’ lime. Scion-rootstock diversification may contribute to the increase of yield and the extension of harvest season, as long as to decrease the risk associated to abiotic and biotic stresses. Therefore, the performance of ‘Tuxpan Valencia’ sweet orange grafted onto 14 rootstocks was evaluated in Rio Real – BA. Planting was performed in 2006 under rainfed cultivation on cohesive ultisol and tree spacing of 6.0 m x 4.0 m. Tree size, yield and fruit quality were evaluated in the period of 2010-2014, in addition to tree survival at nine years old and drought tolerance in the field based on leaf wilting. In the evaluated conditions, ‘Sunki Tropical’ and ‘Sunki Maravilha’ mandarins led to the highest scion canopy volume. The highest accumulated yield in five harvests was recorded on ‘Santa Cruz Rangpur’ lime, ‘Volkamer’ lemon, ‘Riverside’ and ‘Indio’ citrandarins, ‘Sunki Tropical’ mandarin and the hybrid TSKC x (LCR x TR – 001. ‘Riverside’ and TSKFL x CTSW – 049 induced higher yield efficiency on the canopy. The rootstocks did not influence the tree survival nine years after planting except for lower survival of TSKFL x CTSW – 049. Drought tolerance was not affected either. Regarding to the fruit quality of ‘Tuxpan Valencia’, the rootstocks influenced the juice content, soluble solids and technological index with the citrandarins, ‘Santa Cruz Rangpur’ lime, ‘Volkamer’ lemon and ‘Sunki Tropical’ mandarin presenting higher performance in general.

  10. "Shark is the man!": ethnoknowledge of Brazil's South Bahia fishermen regarding shark behaviors.

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    Barbosa-Filho, Márcio Luiz Vargas; Schiavetti, Alexandre; Alarcon, Daniela Trigueirinho; Costa-Neto, Eraldo Medeiros

    2014-07-03

    Fishermen's knowledge is a source of indispensable information in decision-making processes related to efforts to stimulate the management and conservation of fishing resources, especially in developing countries. This study analyzed the knowledge of fishermen from three municipal areas of Bahia in northeast Brazil regarding the behavior repertoire of sharks and the possible influence that these perceptions may have on the inclination to preserve these animals. This is a pioneering study on the ethnobiological aspects of elasmobranchs in Brazil. Open, semi-structured interviews with shark fishing specialists were conducted between September 2011 and October 2012. The interviews addressed the fishermen's profile, fishing techniques and knowledge about sharks, focusing on the behaviours exhibited by sharks. The data were analysed with quantitative approach and conducted with the use of descriptive statistical techniques. Sixty-five fishermen were interviewed. They descend from the rafting subculture of Brazil's northeast, which has historically been disregarded by public policies addressing the management and conservation of fishing resources. The fishing fleet involved in shark fishing includes rafts, fishing boats and lobster boats equipped with fishing lines, gillnets, longlines and "esperas". The informers classified sharks' behaviour repertoire into 19 ethological categories, related especially to feeding, reproduction, and social and migratory behaviours. Because they identify sharks as predators, the detailed recognition of the behaviours exhibited is crucial both for an efficient catch and to avoid accidents. Therefore, this knowledge is doubly adaptive as it contributes to safer, more lucrative fishing. A feeling of respect for sharks predominates, since informers recognize the ecological role of these animals in marine ecosystems, attributing them the status of leader (or "the man") in the sea. This work demonstrates the complexity and robustness of

  11. Aspectos clínicos e demográficos da fenilcetonúria no Estado da Bahia Aspectos clínicos y demográficos de la fenilcetonuria en la provincia de Bahia - Brasil Clinical and demographic aspects of phenylketonuria in Bahia State, Brazil

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    Tatiana Amorim

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever as características clínicas e demográficas dos pacientes com diagnóstico de hiperfenilalaninemia acompanhados no Serviço de Referência em Triagem Neonatal da Bahia. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de 99 famílias (111 afetados com fenótipo bioquímico de hiperfenilalaninemia, com coleta de dados em prontuários e em banco de dados laboratorial, incluindo aspectos demográficos e clínicos. RESULTADOS: A incidência de hiperfenilalaninemia na Bahia foi de um caso a cada 16.334 nascidos vivos, com cobertura de 91%. Dentre os pacientes acompanhados, 82% foram diagnosticados pela triagem neonatal e, em 11 famílias, havia mais de um caso. O fenótipo clássico da fenilcetonúria foi diagnosticado em 63 (57% pacientes. Entre os triados, a mediana de idade na primeira consulta foi 39,5 dias e, deles, 34% apresentavam sintomatologia nesse momento; nenhum com atraso no desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. A consanguinidade foi descrita em 32% dos casos e houve predomínio de pacientes classificados como brancos (63%. Os pais tinham baixa escolaridade e baixa renda. Dos 417 municípios da Bahia, 15% apresentavam pelo menos um caso, com concentração na região nordeste (10% e na capital do Estado (14%. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados evidenciaram idade tardia ao início do tratamento, o que pode comprometer os resultados do programa. Observou-se também presença de consanguinidade e recorrência familiar, reforçando a importância da investigação familiar para diagnosticar indivíduos com deficiência mental de etiologia não esclarecida que podem se beneficiar de tratamento.OBJETIVO: Describir las características clínicas y demográficas de los pacientes con diagnóstico de Hiperfenilalaninemia (HPA seguidos en el Servicio de Referencia en Selección Neonatal de Bahia. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal incluyendo a 99 familias (111 afectados con fenotipo bioquímico de HPA, con recolección de datos en prontuarios y en base de datos

  12. Mulheres, imprensa e higiene: a medicalização do parto na Bahia (1910-1927 Women, the press, and hygiene: the medicalization of birth in Bahia (1910-1927

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    Marivaldo Cruz do Amaral

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Discute a inserção da imprensa leiga como veículo de disseminação da agenda higienista na cidade de Salvador, Bahia, em princípios do século XX. Os alvos dos articulistas foram o parto medicalizado e os novos padrões de atenção ao corpo feminino e aos recém-nascidos. A Maternidade Climério de Oliveira contou com o apoio irrestrito da imprensa, que não poupou esforços para apresentar esse espaço como ideal para o parto hospitalar.The article discusses the role played by the lay press in disseminating the hygienist agenda in the city of Salvador, Bahia, in the early twentieth century, when journalists were writing about medicalized birth and the new standards of attention to the female body and to newborns. The Climério de Oliveira Maternity Hospital enjoyed the unrestricted support of the press, which went out of its way to portray the facility as ideal for hospital births.

  13. Species of fruit flies (Tephritidae obtained of McPhail trap in the Bahia State, Brazil/ Espécies de moscas-das-frutas (Tephritidae obtidas em armadilhas McPhail no Estado da Bahia, Brasil

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    Miguel Francisco de Souza Filho

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to provide knowledge on the species of fruit flies in commercial orchards in counties of the southern and extreme southern regions of the State of Bahia, Brazil. Flies were captured weekly by McPhail traps, using a hydrolyzed corn protein at 5%, as attractant. A total of 257 female was collected, and the species were identified as: Anastrepha fraterculus (77.4%, A. sororcula (4.7%, A. obliqua (2.7%, A. zenildae (0.8%, A. distincta (0.4%, A. consobrina (0.4%, Anastrepha sp.1 (5.1% and Ceratitis capitata (8.5%.O objetivo deste trabalho foi conhecer as espécies de moscas-das-frutas que ocorrem em pomares comerciais em alguns municípios da região sul e extremo-sul do estado da Bahia, Brasil. As moscas-dasfrutas foram capturadas, semanalmente, utilizando-se armadilhas McPhail, tendo como atrativo proteína hidrolisada de milho a 5%. Foi obtido um total de 257 espécimes fêmeas, pertencentes às espécies: Anastrepha fraterculus (77,4%, A. sororcula (4,7%, A. obliqua (2,7%, A. zenildae (0,8%, A. distincta (0,4%, A. consobrina (0,4%, Anastrepha sp.1 (5,1% e Ceratitis capitata (8,5%.

  14. School-Camp Project: reflects on teaching, research and academic extension programs in Federal University of Bahia, Brazil; Reflexos do Projeto Campo-Escola no ensino, pesquisa e extensao na Universidade Federal da Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira Junior, Jose Baptista de; Santiago, Cybele Celestino; Santanna, Vanessa Cristina [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    In 2003, the Brazilian Regulatory Petroleum Agency (ANP) firmed an agreement with the Federal University of the Bahia (UFBA), transferring to the Polytechnical School the property of five mature fields in Bahia (Quiambina, Fazenda Mamoeiro, Caracatu, Bela Vista and Riacho Sesmaria). The objectives of the agreement, some already reached, were: the revitalization of the fields, the development of technology for gas and oil extraction, the training of professionals. To reach the goals, the Field-School Project (PCE) was created. It is responsible for the control of the activities directly related to the revitalization of the wells. Other activities were also carried out by the PCE: formalization of an agreement between the UFBA and the Brazilian Institute of Oil (IBP) for scientific, academic and cultural activities; creation of a site (www.campoescola.ufba.br), in which interesting information to the oil area is available; consulting to small groups interested in exploring mature fields; increase of resources and job offers to the communities and to the cities near the places were the wells are located; participation in events. (author)

  15. Manejo de solo em cultvo com mandioca em treze municípios da região sudoes da Bahia Soil management with cassava cropping in thirteen counties in the Southwest of Bahia's Region

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    Fábio Martins de Carvalho

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O Estado da Bahia, por vários anos, destaca-se na produção de mandioca no Brasil, sendo a Região Sudoeste uma das principais produtoras. Em 2003 e 2004, o município de Cândido Sales foi o maior produtor baiano e o segundo maior produtor do Brasil. Entretanto, sua produtividade, assim como a de outros municípios da região, é baixa. As causas para este baixo desempenho são as mais diversas e de difícil detecção, principalmente quando o sistema de produção assume características locais. Com o objetivo de diagnosticar o manejo de solos cultivados com mandioca em 13 municípios da Região Sudoeste da Bahia, foram aplicados 848 questionários, durante o primeiro semestre de 2005, nos municípios de Vitória da Conquista, Barra do Choça, Planalto, Poções, Ribeirão do Largo, Encruzilhada, Cândido Sales, Belo Campo, Tremedal, Piripá, Condeúba, Anagé e Caraíbas. A amostragem foi realizada em cada município, com coleta de informações sobre preparo do solo, utilização de práticas conservacionistas e uso de calagem e adubação. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de freqüência simples. Constatou-se baixa adoção de práticas de conservação do solo, calagem e adubação, predominando nos municípios o preparo do solo manual.For many years Bahia-Brasil has a highlighted cassava production and the Southwest region of this state is one of the major producer. In 2003 and 2004, Cândido Sales county was the major producer in the state of Bahia and the second higher producer in Brasil. However, its productivity as well as the production from others counties in that region is low. There are many causes for that low performace and can be difficult to be detected, mainly, when the production system ensue local characteristics. With the purpose to diagnosis the soil management cultivated with cassava in thirteen counties in southwest Bahia's region, 848 questionaires were used during the first semester of 2005 in the following

  16. Uso e percepções da alimentação alternativa no estado da Bahia: um estudo preliminar

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    SANTOS Lígia Amparo da Silva

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo faz parte de um projeto maior, intitulado "Avaliação das Políticas Públicas na Área de Alimentação e Nutrição Implementadas no Estado da Bahia, no período de 1994 a 1997". Teve como objetivo reconhecer como vem se dando o uso da alimentação alternativa nas populações de baixa renda no Estado da Bahia, bem como identificar a percepção que as mesmas têm sobre esta prática. Foram aplicados questionários em 1.380 domicílios distribuídos em localidades urbanas e rurais de 36 municípios. O estudo revelou que 57,2% da população estudada já ouviu falar da alimentação alternativa e, deste percentual, 46,8% fazem uso desta prática. O principal veiculador do uso da alimentação alternativa, conforme esperado, foi a Pastoral da Criança, referida por 33,6% dos entrevistados. Do total dos entrevistados, 70,7% demonstraram uma percepção positiva sobre a alimentação alternativa como uma estratégia que contribui para a melhoria das condições de saúde.

  17. [Evaluation of potential drug interactions in primary health care prescriptions in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia (Brazil)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leão, Danyllo Fábio Lessa; de Moura, Cristiano Soares; de Medeiros, Danielle Souto

    2014-01-01

    Drug interactions are risk factors for the occurrence of adverse drug reactions. The risk for drug interactions includes factors related to prescription that are intrinsic to the patient. This study sought to evaluate the potential drug interactions in primary care prescriptions in Vitória da Conquista in the state of Bahia to fill the knowledge gap on this topic in Brazil. Information about several variables derived from the primary health care prescriptions was collected and drug interactions were evaluated based on information from Medscape and Micromedex(R) databases. Polypharmacy frequency and its association with the occurrence of drug interactions were also evaluated. Results revealed a 48,9% frequency of drug interactions, 74,9% of moderate or greater severity, 8,6% of prescriptions in polypharmacy that in the chi-square test showed a positive association with the occurrence of drug interactions (p Conquista in the state of Bahia showed a high frequency of drug interactions, however it is necessary to analyze other risk factors for their occurrence at this level of health care.

  18. Plants used in the treatment of leishmanial ulcers due to Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis in an endemic area of Bahia, Brazil

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    Flávio França

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper records the plants used in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis (L(Vb among the rural population of a cocoa- producing coastal area of Bahia state, Brazil. An enquiry conducted among a hundred patients identified 49 plant species used to treat skin ulceration caused by this Leishmania species. The principal plants used are caju-branco (Anacardium occidentale - Anacardiaceae, used by 65% of the population, folha-fogo (Clidemia hirta - Melastomataceae 39%, alfavaca-grossa (Plectranthus amboinicus - Lamiaceae 33%, mastruz (Chenopodium ambrosioides - Chenopodiaceae 31%, erva-de-santa-maria (Solatium americanum - Solanaceae (25% and transagem (Plantago major - Plantaginaceae. 2%.Este trabalho relata as plantas usadas no tratamento da leishmaniose cutânea, causada por Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis (L(Vb, na população rural da faixa litorânea produtora de cacau do estado da Bahia, Brasil. Um inquérito realizado entre 100 pacientes, identificou 49 espécies de plantas usadas para tratar úlceras de pele causadas por esta espécie de Leishmânia. As principais plantas usadas foram o cajueiro-branco (Anacardium occidentale - Anacardiaceae usado por 65% da população, a folha-fogo (Clidemia hirta - Melastomataceae 39%, a alfavaca-grossa (Plectranthus amboinicus - Lamiaceae 33%, o mastruz (Chenopodium ambrosioides - henopodiaceae 31%, a erva-de-santa-maria (Solanum americanum - Solanaceae 25% e a transagem (Plantago major - Plantaginaceae 2%.

  19. VARIABILIDADE GENÉTICA DE ACESSOS DE MELANCIA COLETADOS EM TRÊS REGIÕES DO ESTADO DA BAHIA

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    Maria Luciene da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The germplasm bank of cucurbitaceae, sited at Semi-Arid Embrapa in Petrolina-PE comprises different species of cucurbitaceae family, out of which 600 accessions of Citrullus spp. Forty two accessions from the germplasm bank plus the Crimson Sweet cultivar were submitted to morphological evaluation in order to study the genetic variability of accessions collected in three different regions from the State of Bahia (Chapada Diamantina; Irecê e Vitória da Conquista. The field trial was set in a randomized block design with three replications. Thirteen phenotypic descriptors to evaluate plant and fruit characteristics were used. The data were submitted to a variance analysis and the means were compared using Scott-Knott at 5% probability. The analysis of variance among accessions from different regions showed significant differences for eleven characters except number of stems per plant and rind thickness in the peduncle region. The accessions formed two different groups for most of the descriptions, but, fruit mean weight and sugar content presented four and three groups, respectively showing higher genetic variability, the variation among accessions within each region was significant. Irecê and Vitória da Conquista presented the higher and the smaller variation among the accessions, respectively. Therefore, the genetic variability of watermelon accessions in the tree regions of the State of Bahia and some accessions presented useful characters to be incorporated in watermelon breeding programs.

  20. Clinical and epidemiological profile of multiple sclerosis in a reference center in the State of Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso, Eduardo; Fukuda, Thiago; Pereira, Júlio; Seixas, Jamile; Miranda, Rafael; Rodrigues, Bernardo; Saback, Thaís; Andrade, Renata; Cardoso, Grace; Martinez, Rosa; Avena, Juliane; Melo, Ailton

    2006-09-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune, demyelinating and degenerative disease that affects the central nervous system. Its prevalence and clinical aspects vary according to the continent considered, being more frequent in Caucasians and young individuals aged 20 to 40 years. Epidemiological data from Brazil show that prevalence is variable, being more frequent in the Southern and Southeastern areas of the country, rather than in the Northern and Northeastern areas. The purpose of this paper is to describe MS clinical and epidemiological features in the State of Bahia, in the Brazilian Northeastern region. Thus, we held a cross-sectional study over the period from February to May, 2005, in the Multiple Sclerosis Patient Support Center ("Núcleo de Apoio aos Pacientes com Esclerose Múltipla") of Bahia, which included all patients with a diagnosis of MS seen over this period of time. A total of 121 patients were investigated, being 80.2% females (female:male ratio=4:1), with higher frequency in mulatto individuals (64%), and the relapsing-remitting type (91.3%). Most patients (68.7%) had mild MS, and blacks were prone to worse prognosis compared to other patients.

  1. ESTIMATIVA DA EVAPOTRANSPIRAÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIA PARA TRÊS LOCALIDADES DO ESTADO DA BAHIA

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    CRISTIANO TAGLIAFERRE

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The correct management of an irrigation system depends on reliable estimate of reference evapotranspiration (ETo. This paper aimed to evaluate the performance of some empirical equations used to estimate ETo under the climatic conditions of the municipalities of Anagé, Piatã and Ilhéus, located in the Southwest of Bahia State, Brazil. Climatic variables were used for the years 2006 and 2007 obtained through the automatic data collection platform of the Superintendence of Bahia Water Resources / National Institute for Space Research, in which he averaged variables for the two years. To compare the ETo values estimated by methodos of Penman Modificado FAO 24, Radiação, Blaney-Criddlle, Hargreves-Samani, Priestley-Taylor and Turc with the standard method Penman-Monteith (FAO 56 was performed by parameters of regression equation (b, determination coefficient (r², correlation coefficient (r estimated standard error (EEP, agreement index (d, index of confidence or performance (c in daily, three, five and seven days scales. The best methods to estimate ETo for the climatic conditions of the three sites, depending on the indices and parameters studied were by the order: Blaney-Criddle, Penman Modified - FAO 24, FAO 24 Radiation, Turc, Priestly- Taylor and Hargreaves-Samani.

  2. Local knowledge of traditional fishermen on economically important crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura in the city of Conde, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil

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    de Magalhães Henrique

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This article records the traditional knowledge of crab gatherers in the city of Conde, in the North Coast Region of Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. Methods Data on biological and ecological aspects of economically important brachyuran crustaceans have been obtained from semi-structured interviews and in loco observations conducted from September 2007 to December 2009. A total of 57 fishermen of both genders, aged between 10 and 78 years have been interviewed (individually or collectively in different contexts; interviewees were asked about aspects such as external morphology, life cycle, trophic ecology, and spatial and temporal distribution of the major economically important brachyuran crustaceans in the region. Seven fishing communities were visited: Siribinha, Sítio do Conde, Poças, Ilha das Ostras, Cobó, Buri and Sempre Viva. Data were analyzed by comparing the information provided by participants with those from the specialized academic literature. Results The results show that artisanal fishermen have a wide ranging and well-grounded knowledge on the ecological and biological aspects of crustaceans. Crab gatherers of Conde know about growth and reproductive behavior of the animals they interact with, especially with regard to the three major biological aspects: “molt”, “walking dance” and “spawning”. Conclusion This knowledge constitutes an important source of information that should be considered in studies of management and sustainable use of fishery resources in the North Coast Region of Bahia State.

  3. Candomblé in pink, green and black: re-scripting the Afro-Brazilian religious heritage in the public sphere of Salvador, Bahia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Port, M.

    2005-01-01

    The article discusses the dispersion of candomblé imagery, practices and aesthetics in the public sphere of Salvador, Bahia. It shows that the spirit possession cult has become a trademark for the Bahian state and a major ‘symbol bank’ for groups as varied as the Bahian gay movement, environmental

  4. Considerações sobre pulgas (Siphonaptera da raposa Cerdocyon thous (Canidae da área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral de Jacobina, Bahia, Brasil

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    Cerqueira Elúzio J.L.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available No período de julho a setembro de 1998 foram coletadas 152 pulgas em 18 exemplares da raposa Cerdocyon thous capturados na área endêmica de leishmaniose visceral de Jacobina, Estado da Bahia. As pulgas foram identificadas como: 136 Rhopalopsyllus lutzi lutzi, 11 Pulex irritans, 2 Ctenocephalides canis, 1 Ctenocephalides felis felis e 2 Xenopsylla cheopis.

  5. Ecological niche modeling for visceral leishmaniasis in the state of Bahia, Brazil, using genetic algorithm for rule-set prediction and growing degree day-water budget analysis

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    Prixia Nieto

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Two predictive models were developed within a geographic information system using Genetic Algorithm Rule-Set Prediction (GARP and the growing degree day (GDD-water budget (WB concept to predict the distribution and potential risk of visceral leishmaniasis (VL in the State of Bahia, Brazil. The objective was to define the environmental suitability of the disease as well as to obtain a deeper understanding of the eco-epidemiology of VL by associating environmental and climatic variables with disease prevalence. Both the GARP model and the GDDWB model, using different analysis approaches and with the same human prevalence database, predicted similar distribution and abundance patterns for the Lutzomyia longipalpis-Leishmania chagasi system in Bahia. High and moderate prevalence sites for VL were significantly related to areas of high and moderate risk prediction by: (i the area predicted by the GARP model, depending on the number of pixels that overlapped among eleven annual model years, and (ii the number of potential generations per year that could be completed by the Lu. longipalpis-L. chagasi system by GDD-WB analysis. When applied to the ecological zones of Bahia, both the GARP and the GDD-WB prediction models suggest that the highest VL risk is in the interior region of the state, characterized by a semi-arid and hot climate known as Caatinga, while the risk in the Bahia interior forest and the Cerrado ecological regions is lower. The Bahia coastal forest was predicted to be a low-risk area due to the unsuitable conditions for the vector and VL transmission.

  6. Olodum Da Bahia Uma Inclusão Histórico Cultural Olodum da Bahia, a History of Cultural Inclusion Olodum de Bahai une inclusion historique culturelle Olodum da Bahia, une inclusión histórico cultural

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    Ruy José Braga Duarte

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the treatment of the Grupo Cultural Olodum with young adolescents Maciel Pelourinho, Salvador - Bahia - Brazil, in the 70 and 80 living in situations of profound social vulnerability and the opportunities were few. The Pelourinho, Salvador Historical Center, this time was inhabited by people who were unable to decent housing, since the site had no basic infrastructure, dominated the robberies, crime, prostitution and drug trafficking.Within this panorama was created Bloco Afro Olodum, the intention to create opportunities for the population of blacks and Maciel Pelourinho Bahia able to play the carnival on a block that had its identity.Cet article relate l’accord passé entre le Groupe Culturel Olodum et de jeunes adolescents de Maciel Pelourinho, Salvador – Bahia – Brésil, qui, dans les années 70 et 80, vivaient dans une situation de profonde vulnérabilité sociale offrant peu d’opportunités. Le Pelourinho, Centre Historique de Salvador, était habité à cette époque par des personnes qui n’avaient pas de conditions de logement dignes, puisque le lieu ne possédait pas d’infrastructures basiques ; les vols, la délinquance, la prostitution et le trafic de drogues prédominaient alors.C’est dans ce contexte que fut crée le Bloc Afro Olodum, afin de permettre à la population de Maciel Pelourinho et à celle des Noirs de Bahia de participer au carnaval dans un bloc à leur image.Este artículo se centra en el trato del Grupo Cultural Olodum con los jóvenes adolescentes de Maciel Pelourinho, Salvador - Bahía - Brasil, que en los años 1970s y 1980s vivían en situaciones de profunda vulnerabilidad social y gozaban de pocas oportunidades. En aquel entonces, el Pelourinho, centro histórico de Salvador, estaba habitado por personas que no podían acceder a viviendas decentes, ya que la zona no tenía infraestructuras básicas, y predominaban robos, crimen, prostitución y tráfico de drogas. En este

  7. Dermatozoonosis by Culicoides' bite (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae in Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil: IV - A clinical study

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    Italo A. Sherlock

    1965-01-01

    Full Text Available A observação de 211 pacientes com reação intensa à picada do Culicoides, que procuraram tratamento na Clínica dermatológica do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade da Bahia, durante os anos de 1959 e 1962, permitiu o estudo clínico dessa Dermatozoonose, cujos dados são aqui apresentados. A lesão parece ser de natureza alérgica e devido ao aspecto polimorfo pelo qual se apresenta, essa Dermatose pode lembrar o Prorigo, a Escabiose, as Lesões liquenoide; quando a manifestação é mais intensa torna-se uma verdadeira eczematização; quando há infecção secundária, lembra o impetigo folicular. O estudo histológico da lesão revelou ser ela a de uma inflamação crônica, com vascularites e preivascularites dermo-epidérmica, provàvelmente de natureza alérgica. Para que haja a formação da lesão, são necessários: a substância inoculada pelo inseto e o componente alérgico do indivíduo. Não se conhece a natureza da substância inoculada pelo inseto e as seguintes hipóteses são apresentadas para explicá-la: substâncias enzimáticas ou a histamina existentes nas glândulas salivares do Culicoides. Após a picada do Culicoisdes forma-se no local uma pequena área eritematosa que logo após se transforma em pápula; as pápulas podem desaparecer ou transformarem-se em vesículas; estas ao se romperem dilaceram a superfície cutânea, descamam-na ou pode advir uma infecção secundária e transformam-se em pústulas.

  8. Tendência da mortalidade neonatal na cidade de Salvador (Bahia-Brasil, 1996-2012

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    Annelise C. Gonçalves

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos:analisar a tendência da mortalidade neonatal, principais causas e potenciais fatores de risco, em Salvador-Bahia, 1996-2012.Métodos:estudo de série temporal tendo como fontes de dados os Sistemas de Informação sobre Mortalidade e sobre Nascidos Vivos/NV e Cadastro Nacional de Estabelecimentos de Saúde. Parâmetros da tendência temporal do coeficiente de mortalidade neonatal/CMN e da proporção de NV segundo características maternas, do recém-nascido e de atenção à saúde foram obtidos mediante Regressão Linear Simples. Coeficiente de Correlação de Spearman avaliou relação entre estas variáveis.Resultados:observou-se declínio de 21,2% no CMN, principalmente devido ao componente precoce (β= - 0,730; p=0,006; R2= 0,423. Acompanhou esta tendência, a proporção de NV de mães adolescentes e sem instrução. A proporção de NV de mães com idade > 35 anos, nascimentos prematuros e de partos cesáreos exibiram crescimento. Predominaram mortes neonatais por Infecções específicas do período perinatal (13,2%, Hipóxia intrauterina/Asfixia ao nascer (8,4% e Transtornos relacionados à prematuridade/baixo peso ao nascer (15,9%, estas últimas com tendência de crescimento (β= 1,319; p=0,006; R2= 0,428.Conclusões:a mortalidade neonatal e potenciais fatores de risco estão decrescendo em Salvador. Iniciativas voltadas para melhoria da atenção ao recém-nascido e das condições de vida da população podem estar contribuindo para esta tendência.

  9. O ensino de geometria, em escolas públicas, na cidade de Jequié - Bahia

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    Jamille Santana Gonçalves

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho nos propomos a analisar a atual situação do ensino de Geometria na 5ª série do Ensino Fundamental de algumas escolas públicas da cidade de Jequié-Bahia. Os objetivos da pesquisa foram verificar se a Geometria está sendo ensinada; perceber, em relação aos professores que a ensinam, como este ensino é realizado e quais as metodologias adotadas; e, investigar, em relação aos professores que não ensinam Geometria, quais os motivos que os levam a não ensiná-la. Para desenvolver este trabalho, teoricamente, recorremos a autores como: Regina Maria Pavanello, Adair Mendes Nacarato e  Cármen Lúcia Brancaglion Passos,  Geraldo Perez, entre outros. Utilizamos a abordagem metodológica qualitativa, através do estudo de caso e a coleta de dados se deu por meio de um questionário aplicado a oito professores da rede pública, sendo cinco da rede municipal e três da rede estadual. Os dados foram analisados mediante o método da análise de conteúdo. De posse dos dados e sua estruturação pudemos perceber que o ensino de Geometria nas escolas pesquisadas é ainda quase ausente e alguns dos fatores que pudemos constatar para justificar essa situação é o fato de ainda existirem professores de outras áreas ensinando matemática, a falta de conhecimentos geométricos, mesmo dos professores da área e o descaso das secretarias de educação no que diz respeito à capacitação dos professores.Palavras-chave: matemática; educação matemática; ensino de geometria; capacitação de professores.

  10. Espectro polínico de amostras de mel de Apis mellifera L., coletadas na Bahia Pollen spectrum of samples of Apis mellifera L., honey collected in Bahia State, Brazil

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    AUGUSTA CAROLINA DE CAMARGO CARMELLO MORETI

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O espectro polínico encontrado em amostras de mel provenientes de seis municípios do Estado da Bahia foi analisado com o objetivo de contribuir para o conhecimento da flora visitada por Apis mellifera L. 1758 (Hymenoptera: ApidaeA identificação dos tipos polínicos foi feita por meio de literatura especializada e de informações de campo. Foram encontrados 43 tipos de pólen, sendo consideradas como dominantes as espécies Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae, Mimosa verrucosa Benth. (Mimosaceae, M. scabrella Benth. (Mimosaceae e Bauhinia sp. (Caesalpiniaceae. Os tipos acessórios foram Alternanthera ficoidea R.Br. (Amaranthaceae, tipo Compositae (Asteraceae e Cecropia sp. (Moraceae. Destacou-se a participação de Mimosa sp. (Mimosaceae e de outras espécies silvestres na composição dos méis nos municípios considerados, registrando-se ainda a espécie Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae como uma das principais fontes de alimento das abelhas dessa região.Pollen spectrum found in honey samples from six localities of Bahia State, Brazil, was analyzed with the objective to contribute for the knowledge of the plants used by Apis mellifera L., 1758 (Hymenoptera: Apidae. The identification of the pollen types was made by specialized literature and by field information. Two hundred pollen grains were studied in order to determine the percentage and the occurrence of each type. Forty three pollen types were identified, being considered as the predominant types Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae, Mimosa verrucosa Benth. (Mimosaceae, M. scabrella Benth. (Mimosaceae and Bauhinia sp. (Caesalpiniaceae. The accessory pollen types were Alternanthera ficoidea R.Br. (Amaranthaceae, Compositae type (Asteraceae and Cecropia sp. (Moraceae. It is intense the participation of Mimosa sp. (Mimosaceae and other wild species in the honey composition of the six localities considered. Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae is one of the dominant sources of bee food in some regions of Bahia State.

  11. Prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns entre residentes em áreas urbanas de Feira de Santana, Bahia Prevalence of common mental disorders among the residents of urban areas in Feira de Santana, Bahia

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    Saulo Vasconcelos Rocha

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns segundo características sociodemográficas, hábitos de vida e presença de doenças crônicas entre residentes em áreas urbanas de Feira de Santana, Bahia. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico de corte transversal com amostra da população de 15 anos ou mais de idade de Feira de Santana, aleatoriamente selecionada. Foi utilizado um formulário, contendo informações sociodemográficas, de hábitos de vida e doenças referidas. O SRQ-20 foi utilizado para mensuração de Transtornos Mentais Comuns (TMC. A análise estatística foi realizada com nível de significância p OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of common mental disorders according to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle and medical conditions among residents of urban areas of Feira de Santana, Bahia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out, including a random sample of the urban population over the age of 15 years of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil. We used a form to attain information on sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and disease frequency. The SRQ-20 was used to measure common mental disorders (CMD. Statistical analysis adopted the p< 0.05 significance level; prevalence ratios and respective 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: We studied 3,597 individuals, 71.4% female. The global prevalence of CMD was 29.9%. Data analysis revealed that sociodemographic characteristics (sex, education, income, lifestyle and clinical conditions were associated with the prevalence of CMD. CONCLUSION: The study allowed us to estimate the prevalence of CMD among the urban population of a municipality located in Northeastern Brazil and to identify the characteristics associated with CMD prevalence that may interfere with mental health. In this sense, municipal healthcare policies should include actions aimed to encourage participation in leisure activities as well as campaigns to control

  12. Serological studies on an outbreak of smallpox in the State of Bahia - Brazil in 1969

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    Eduardo de Azeredo Costa

    1972-01-01

    Full Text Available Four weeks after Containment Vaccination undertaken against the largest outbreak of smallpox occured in Brazil in 1969, that of the municipality of Utinga, Bahia, 99 samples of serum were collected from the local population. These samples were classified in four groups: a - Individuals with a history of variola prior to the beginning of present outbreak in town (15 sera; "Previous smallpox group"; b - Individuals with primary vaccination, with no record variola, at the time of containment measures (15 sera. "Primary vaccinated group"; c - Individuals with no previous record of variola revaccinated with "take" at the time of containment (15 sera0, "Revaccinated group"; d - Individuals who contracted variola in present outbreak (54 sera these were subdivided in four sub-groups, according to dates on which cases ocurred, "Variola in outbreak group". Serological study of samples was done by tests of hemagglutination inhibition, neutralization, and complement fixation. It was observed that HI titers were significantly lower in cases of previous smallpox than in other groups. Although they were slightly higher on revaccinated individuals than on primary vaccinated group and than in the group of variola in outbreak, this difference was not significant. Those same antibodies were present in all cases of variola in outbreak, and it was found that titers decreased in direct proportion to time elapsed from occurrence of cases. Neutralizing antibodies proved to be significantly higher on the revaccinated group than on variola in outbreak group, and higher on these than on primary vaccinated and on the previous smallpox groups. In cases from the variola in outbreak it was verified that neutralizing antibodies remained stable, although with great variation in titers. Tests of complement fixation could not be undertaken on all samples, because many of them proved to have anticomplementarity. However, it was found that complement fixing antibodies diminished

  13. Submarine Neotectonic Investigations of the Bahia Soledad Fault, off Northern Baja California Near the US - Mexico Border

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, K.; Lundsten, E. M.; Paull, C. K.; Caress, D. W.; Thomas, H. J.; Maier, K. L.; McGann, M.; Herguera, J. C.; Gwiazda, R.; Arregui, S.; Barrientos, L. A.

    2015-12-01

    The Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) conducted detailed surveys at selected sites on the seafloor along the Bahia Soledad Fault offshore of Northern Baja California, Mexico, during a two-ship expedition in the spring of 2015. The Bahia Soledad Fault is a NNW-trending strike-slip fault that is likely continuous with the San Diego Trough Fault offshore of San Diego, California. Constraining the style of deformation, continuity, and slip rate along this fault system is critical to characterizing the seismic hazards to the adjacent coastal areas extending from Los Angeles to Ensenada. Detailed morphologic surveys were conducted using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to provide ultra high-resolution multibeam bathymetry (vertical precision of 0.15 m and horizontal resolution of 1.0 m). The AUV also carried a 2-10 kHz chirp sub-bottom profiler and an Edgetech 110kHz and 410kHz sidescan. The two sites along the Bahia Soledad Fault each run ~6 km along the fault with ~1.8 km wide footprint. The resulting bathymetry shows these fault zones are marked with distinct lineations that are flanked by ~1 km long elongated ridges and depressions which are interpreted to be transpressional pop-up structures and transtensional pull-apart basins up to 100 m of relief. Offset seismic reflectors that extend to near the seafloor confirm that these lineations are fault scarps. The detailed bathymetric maps and sub-bottom profiles were used to locate key sites where deformed stratigraphic horizons along the fault are within 1.5 m of the seafloor. These areas were sampled using a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) equipped with a vibracoring system capable of collecting precisely located cores that are up to 1.5 m long. The coupled use of multibeam imagery and surgically-collected stratigraphic samples will enable to constrain the frequency and timing of recent movements on this fault which will be useful to incorporated into future seismic hazard assessment.

  14. Aspectos clínicos da fenilcetonúria em serviço de referência em triagem neonatal da Bahia Clinical aspects of phenylketonuria in a reference service for neonatal screening in Bahia

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    Tatiana Amorim

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: descrever as características clínicas dos pacientes com hiperfenilalaninemia acompanhados no Serviço de Referência em Triagem Neonatal (SRTN do estado da Bahia. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo transversal, tendo como amostra todos os pacientes com diagnóstico conhecido de Hiperfenilalaninemia residentes no estado da Bahia e acompanhados no SRTN até setembro de 2005. Tal população é composta de 46 famílias, num total de 51 pacientes. A análise dos dados foi descritiva, incluindo medidas de tendência central e dispersão. RESULTADOS: houve discreto predomínio do gênero feminino (52,9%. A maioria dos pacientes (78,4% teve seu diagnóstico estabelecido através da triagem neonatal, tendo, portanto, tratamento precoce. Consangüinidade foi registrada em 32,6% das famílias. A média de início do tratamento entre os pacientes diagnosticados pela triagem neonatal foi de 56,6 37,8 dias, enquanto que entre os pacientes com diagnóstico tardio, foi de 7,1 anos. CONCLUSÕES: o estudo descreve um grupo de pacientes representativo de uma patologia incluída no Programa Nacional de Triagem Neonatal (PNTN, sendo, portanto, de relevância para a saúde pública. Entre os dados clínicos, chama a atenção a média de idade do início do tratamento, superior ao recomendado na literatura, alertando para a necessidade de um maior enfoque no diagnóstico precoce.OBJECTIVES: to describe clinical aspects of hyper-phenylalaninemia in patients followed up on the Reference Service for Neonatal Screening (SRTN in the state of Bahia. METHODS: cross-sectional study that enrolled all patients living in the state of Bahia and followed up on the SRTN who had a definite diagnosis of hyper-phenylalaninemia prior to September, 2005. That population was made up of 46 families, with 51 patients. The analysis of data was descriptive, using measures of central tendency and dispersion. RESULTS: a discrete predominance of females was found (52.9%. Most patients

  15. TERRITÓRIOS PRECÁRIOS: DESEQUILÍBRIOS ENTRE O CRESCIMENTO ECONÔMICO E O DESENVOLVIMENTO SOCIAL NO OESTE DA BAHIA (Territories precarious: imbalances between economic growth and social development in West of Bahia)

    OpenAIRE

    MONDARDO, Marcos Leandro; Universidade Federal de Roraima

    2014-01-01

    No Brasil, a expansão arrasadora do agronegócio globalizado sobre novas áreas do Cerrado produz regiões funcionais especializadas na produção de commodities agrícolas, a exemplo do Oeste da Bahia. Se por um lado, esta moderna agricultura alcança altos volumes de produção com o aumento dos índices de produtividade, do outro, reproduz pobreza e desigualdade social/territorial nas cidades e no campo devido à destruição da natureza, à exploração do trabalho e a abusiva concentração de riqueza e r...

  16. Energy cogeneration for the industrial sector. Exploration of possibilities for Bahia Blanca petrochemical complex; Cogeneracion de energia para el sector industrial. Exploracion de posibilidades para el polo petroquimico de Bahia Blanca

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salzman, Carlos H. [Buenos Aires Univ. (Argentina). Facultad de Ingenieria. Dept. de Electrotecnia; Baraychart, Rogelio [Tecnolatina S.A., Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    1997-12-31

    Many industrial plants have installed gas turbines in connection with total energy schemes. By combining a gas turbine with a steam plant, through an Independent Power Producer (IPP), increasing in overall efficiency can be archived compared to a steam plant alone. The general applications and economic considerations after privatization of Argentine Network, indicates that for power supply, combined cycle with cogeneration, is appropriate for generation, because of improving quality service, lowering capital cost improving and high efficiency. Figures are shown in this paper, for a project at the petrochemical development pole in Bahia Blanca city, located in the south of Buenos Aires Province. (author) 4 refs., 3 figs.; e-mail: gea at delec.fi.uba.ar; tecnolat at ssdnet.com.ar

  17. Botanical profile of bee pollen from the southern coastal region of Bahia, Brazil Perfil botânico do pólen apícola proveniente do litoral sul da Bahia, Brasil

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    Marcos da Costa Dórea

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to identify the botanical origin of pollen loads collected by Apis mellifera L. in Canavieiras municipality, Bahia state. It provides a list of polliniferous plant species from the Atlantic Forest biome that are important for the development of regional apiculture. Using the acetolysis method, 35 bee-pollen samples were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Results showed that pollen types Elaeis (23.99%, Mimosa pudica (22.78% and Cecropia (13.68% were the most abundant among the samples. These also showed the highest relative frequencies of the material studied and were important pollen sources for bees in the study area.O presente trabalho teve por objetivo identificar a origem botânica das bolotas de pólen coletadas pelas abelhas Apis mellifera L. no município de Canavieiras, Bahia, gerando uma lista de plantas poliníferas pertencentes ao bioma Mata Atlântica e importantes para o desenvolvimento da apicultura regional. Foram analisadas palinologicamente 35 amostras de pólen apícola, utilizando-se o processo de acetólise para, em seguida, serem feitas análises qualitativas e quantitativas. Os resultados revelaram que os tipos polínicos Elaeis (23,99%, Mimosa pudica (22,78% e Cecropia (13,68% foram os mais abundantes no pólen apícola analisado. Estes tipos polínicos também apresentaram as maiores frequências relativas de todo o material estudado e representam importantes plantas fontes de pólen para as abelhas na área estudada.

  18. Hyphomycetes from soil of an area affected by copper mining activities in the State of Bahia, Brazil Hyphomycetes de solo de uma área de mineração de cobre no Estado da Bahia, Brasil

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    Isabella P.M. Wanderley Costa

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of observing the impact produced by copper-mining activities on soil fungi, samples were collected from an area at the Caraíba Mining, in the State of Bahia, Brazil. This area was divided in six sub-areas: one had native vegetation and was used as control, while the others varied according to degrees of impact. The samples, collected during the dry and the rainy seasons, were submitted to serial dilutions and placed on Petri dishes with Sabouraud medium plus antibiotic. Sixty five species and 16 genera of Hyphomycetes were identified: Acremonium, Acrophialophora, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Chrysosporium, Curvularia, Fusarium, Humicola, Malbranchea, Myrothecium, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, Scolecobasidium, Staphylotrichum, Stilbella and Trichoderma.Acrophialophora levis, Crhysosporium merdarium, Curvularia verruculosa, Malbranchea chrysosporoidea, Penicillium adametzii, Staphylotrichum coccosporum and Stilbella sebacea were isolated for the first time in Brazil.Com o objetivo de observar o impacto produzido pelas atividades da mineração de cobre em fungos do solo, amostras foram coletadas de uma área da Mineração Caraíba no Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Esta área foi dividida em seis sub-áreas: uma com vegetação nativa, usada como controle enquanto as outras variavam de acordo com os graus de impacto. As amostras, coletadas durante os períodos de estiagem e chuvoso, foram submetidas a diluições sucessivas e colocadas em placas de Petri contendo meio Sabouraud acrescido de antibiótico. Sessenta e cinco espécies e 16 gêneros de Hyphomycetes foram identificados: Acremonium, Acrophialophora, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Chrysosporium, Curvularia, Fusarium, Humicola, Malbranchea, Myrothecium, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, Scolecobasidium, Staphilotricum, Stilbella e Trichoderma.Acrophialophora levis, Chrysosporium merdarium, Curvularia verruculosa, Malbranchea chrysosporoidea, Penicillium adametzii, Staphylotrichum coccosporum e

  19. Parasitismo natural em moscas-das-frutas (Diptera: Tephritidae no semiárido do sudoeste da Bahia, Brasil Natural parasitism in fruit-flies in the fruticulture area of anagé, semi-arid of southwestern Bahia, Brazil

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    Ricardo Falcão de Sá

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Parasitoides são importantes agentes de controle natural de tefritídeos, e os conhecimentos sobre as relações tritróficas podem subsidiar o manejo destas pragas. Este trabalho objetivou estimar índices de parasitismo em moscas-das-frutas, em 21 espécies vegetais, e identificar as espécies de parasitoides associados, nas condições do semiárido do sudoeste da Bahia. Oito hospedeiros apresentaram infestação por Anastrepha spp. e, destes, em quatro, ocorreu parasitismo superior a 20,0%, sendo: 20,8% (Ziziphus joazeiro L.; 21,3% (Spondias tuberosa L.; 32,4% (Spondias purpurea L. e 57,1% (Malpighia emarginata L.. Os parasitoides coletados pertencem à família Braconidae, sendo 89% de Doryctobracon areolatus e 11% de Asobara anastrephae.Parasitoids are important natural control agents of tephritids and knowledge about the tritrophic relationships can support the management of these pests. This study aimed to estimate of parasitism indexes in fruit flies in 21 plant species and identify the species of parasitoids associated, in semiarid conditions of Southwestern Bahia. Eight hosts showed infestation by Anastrepha spp. and, of these, four occurred parasitism above 20.0%, of which: 20.8% (Ziziphus joazeiro L.; 21.3% (Spondias tuberosa L.; 32.4% (Spondias purpurea L. and 57.1% (Malpighia emarginata L.. The collected parasitoids belong to the Braconidae family, 89% of Doryctobracon areolatus and 11% of Asobara anastrephae.

  20. First insights into the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil Primeiro ensaio sobre diversidade genética das cepas de Mycobacterium tuberculosis em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

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    Aída Cristina do Nascimento Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This study constitutes a first attempt to describe the genetic population structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis circulating in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. A total of 56 confirmed cases of pulmonary tuberculosis, identified between March and June 2008, were analyzed using restriction fragment length polymorphism (IS6110-RFLP. The study population was characterized by a predominance of males (71.43% over 30 years of age (68.75%. Forty-one isolates were found to belong to a single pattern (73.2%, while 15 (26.7% were found in group patterns, forming six clusters. The higher level of diversity observed is much more suggestive of endogenous reactivation than recent transmission.Este é o primeiro estudo realizado na Bahia, Brasil, visando à descrição da estrutura da população genética circulante do Mycobacterium tuberculosis na cidade de Salvador. Um total de 56 casos confirmados de tuberculose pulmonar, identificados entre março e junho de 2008, foi analisado pelo método Restriction Fragment Lenght Polymorphism (IS6110-RFLP. A população de estudo foi caracterizada como a maioria do sexo masculino (71,43 %, idade acima de 30 anos (68,75%. Quarenta e um isolados (73,21% com padrão único, enquanto 15 (26,75% apresentaram padrões agrupáveis, formando seis clusters. A alta taxa de diversidade das cepas de M. tuberculosis observada é mais sugestiva de reativação endógena do que transmissão recente.

  1. Diversidade genética de Chenopodium ambrosioides da região cacaueira da Bahia com base em marcadores RAPD Genetic diversity based on RAPD markers of Chenopodium ambrosioides from the cocoa region of Bahia State, Brazil

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    Simone Gualberto Santos

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Chenopodium ambrosioides L., conhecida no Brasil por suas propriedades medicinais e usada principalmente para o controle de verminoses intestinais, é pouco estudada quanto à diversidade genética. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a diversidade genética de 16 indivíduos de C. ambrosioides, provenientes de diferentes municípios da região cacaueira da Bahia, pela técnica de RAPD (DNA polimórfico amplificado ao acaso. Apenas 6,9% das 216 bandas RAPD amplificadas foram polimórficas e a análise de agrupamento evidenciou que não há formação de grupos por área de coleta. Portanto, há pequena variabilidade entre os materiais e esta variabilidade encontra-se distribuída entre as regiões amostradas.Chenopodium ambrosioides L. is known in many parts of Brazil for its medicinal properties, mainly used to control intestinal worms. Its genetic diversity is little studied. The objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic variability of 16 accessions of C. ambrosioides from the cocoa region of Bahia State, Brazil, by the RAPD technique (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA. Only 6.9% of the 216 amplified RAPD bands were polymorphic and the pattern of dispersion of individuals showed no clustering related to sample site. Therefore, there is low variability among accessions and it is distributed among the accessions from the entire sampled region.

  2. Características dos pacientes com trauma cranioencefálico na cidade do Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Characteristics of patients with head injury at Salvador City (Bahia - Brazil

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    José Roberto Tude Melo

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever as características de pacientes com traumatismo cranioencefálico (TCE na cidade do Salvador, assim como determinar as faixas etárias mais acometidas e definir as taxas de morbidade e letalidade. MÉTODO: Revisão retrospectiva de 555 prontuários de vítimas de TCE internadas no Hospital Geral do Estado da Bahia (HGE no ano de 2001, com posterior preenchimento de questionário. RESULTADOS: Foram verificados 82,9% de vítimas do sexo masculino e 17,1% do sexo feminino com principal faixa etária entre 21 e 30 anos. A principal causa de TCE foi acidente com meios de transporte (40,7%, seguido das agressões com ou sem armas (25,4% e quedas (24%. Foi evidenciada taxa de morbidade de 24,9% e letalidade de 22,9%. CONCLUSÃO: Os mais envolvidos no TCE foram adultos jovens do sexo masculino, tendo como principal causa os acidentes com meios de transporte, com taxas elevadas de morbidade e letalidade.OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics from people with head injury at Salvador city, as well, to point out the most frequent age groups, their disabilities and lethality rates. METHOD: Assessment and notification of 555 medical files from victims with head injury assisted at the General Hospital of Bahia during 2001. RESULTS: 82.9% from all victims were male and 17.1% female; the most frequent age group was 21 to 30 years; the most relevant cause of head injury was traffic accident (40.7%, followed by physical violence with or without weapons (25.4% and falls (24%. CONCLUSION: The most evident profile group involved in accidents with head trauma implications was young male that usually had traffic injuries, with expressive rates of disabilities and lethality.

  3. Prevalência de TB ativa e TB latente em internos de um hospital penal na Bahia Prevalence of active and latent TB among inmates in a prison hospital in Bahia, Brazil

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    Antônio Carlos Moreira Lemos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar as prevalências de TB latente e TB ativa entre custodiados de um hospital penal na Bahia. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados através de estudo de corte transversal com coleta prospectiva de dados 237 internos no Hospital Penal da Bahia entre julho de 2003 e abril de 2004. Um questionário padronizado foi preenchido por estudantes de medicina. Os indivíduos foram sistematicamente submetidos aos seguintes exames: teste tuberculínico, radiografia de tórax em incidência póstero-anterior, baciloscopia e cultura para micobactérias. Os eventos de interesse foram TB ativa e TB latente. RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi de 36,6 anos, sendo 89,9% homens. Tabagismo e alcoolismo foram relatados por 70.0% e 43.9% dos internos, respectivamente. História de tratamento para TB foi relatada por 11,3% dos indivíduos. Dos internos avaliados, 36,3% relataram tosse e 31,4%, expectoração. Outros sintomas menos frequentemente referidos foram astenia (26,2%, perda de peso (23,1%, inapetência (17,7%, febre (11,3% e hemoptise (6,7%. Nenhum dos 86 internos testados apresentou sorologia anti-HIV positiva. Entre os 156 submetidos ao teste tuberculínico, a prevalência de TB latente foi de 61,5% (146 casos. Do total, 6 casos de TB ativa foram detectados (prevalência de 2,5%. A presença de tosse foi um determinante de TB ativa (razão de prevalência = 8,8; IC95%: 1,04-73,9; p = 0,025. CONCLUSÕES: A população de internos do Hospital Penal da Bahia tem altas prevalências de TB latente e ativa. Estes achados justificam a necessidade de implantação de políticas públicas especificamente direcionadas para o controle da TB nesta populaçãoOBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of latent and active TB among detainees in a prison hospital in Bahia, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with prospective data collection was carried out comprising 237 inmates in the Bahia State Prison Hospital between July 2003 and April 2004. A standardized

  4. [Labor and health conditions of private school teachers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delcor, Núria Serre; Araújo, Tania M; Reis, Eduardo J F B; Porto, Lauro A; Carvalho, Fernando M; Oliveira e Silva, Manuela; Barbalho, Leonardo; de Andrade, Jonathan Moura

    2004-01-01

    The scientific literature on teachers' health is scarce, recent, and focuses predominantly on stress and burnout. This study describes the labor conditions of private school teachers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia State, Brazil. Information on 250 teachers from the ten largest schools in the municipality was collected through a self-applied questionnaire. The most relevant characteristics of teachers' work, evaluated by the Job Content Questionnaire were: speed of work, creativity at work, and relations with colleagues. The most frequent complaints related to posture, mental strain, and voice problems. Prevalence of minor psychological disorders according to the Self Reporting Questionnaire-20 was 41.5%, strongly associated with long periods of intense concentration on the same job and excessive work. Results suggest an association between the prevalence of minor psychological disorders and certain characteristics of teaching work, emphasizing teachers' exposure to stress.

  5. Hábitos de Higiene Bucal e Dieta de Adolescentes de Escolas Públicas e Privadas em Salvador, Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Matos, Mariangela Silva De; Monteiro, Leila Santana; Bomfim, Rodrigo Tavares; Matos, Robert Silva de

    2009-01-01

    p. 7-14 Objetivo: Obter informações acerca desses hábitos. Material e métodos: Aplicou-se um questionário estruturado para 1035 adolescentes de escolas públicas e privadas no município de Salvador-Bahia. Os dados foram consolidados no SPSS, versão 7.5. Resultados: Segundo os resultados, as razões pelas quais eles escovam os dentes são: prevenção de cárie (54,8%) ou outras doenças (14,7%), higiene (43,9%), hálito bom (33,2%), estética (19,7%) e convívio social (3,3%). A maioria (98,5%...

  6. Frequency and foraging behavior of Apis mellifera in two melon hybrids in Juazeiro, state of Bahia, Brazil

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    LÚCIA H.P. KIILL

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The study was carried out to verify if there are differences in foraging frequency and behavior of Apis mellifera in two melon hybrids (10:00 – ‘Yellow melon’ and Sancho -‘Piel de Sapo’ in the municipality of Juazeiro, state of Bahia, Brazil. The frequency, behavior of visitors and the floral resource foraged were registered from 5:00 am to 6:00 pm. There was a significant difference in the frequency of visits when comparing hydrids (F = 103.74, p <0.0001, floral type (F = 47.25, p <0.0001 and resource foraged (F = 239.14, p <0.0001. The flowers of Sancho were more attractive to A. mellifera when compared with hybrid 10:00, which may be correlated to the morphology and floral resources available. This could be solved with scaled planting, avoiding the overlapping of flowering of both types.

  7. The orchid-bee faunas (Hymenoptera: Apidae of two Atlantic Forest remnants in southern Bahia, eastern Brazil

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    A Nemésio

    Full Text Available The orchid-bee faunas of the ‘Parque Nacional do Pau Brasil’ (8,500 ha and ‘RPPN Estação Veracel’ (6,000 ha, two Atlantic Forest remnants in the southern state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil, were surveyed. Seventeen chemical compounds were used as scent baits to attract orchid-bee males. Seven hundred and twelve males belonging to 20 species were actively collected with insect nets during 80 hours in February and April, 2009. Euglossa marianae Nemésio, 2011, the most sensitive orchid-bee species of the Atlantic Forest, was recorded at both preserves, though in low abundance. ‘RPPN Estação Veracel’ is the smallest forest patch where Euglossa marianae has ever been recorded.

  8. Assessment of tributyltin contamination based on imposex in Stramonita rustica (Mollusca: Gastropoda) along southern Bahia coast, northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidan, G C; Boehs, G

    2017-03-01

    This study investigated the effects of tributyltin (TBT) on the morphology of the genital system of the gastropod Stramonita rustica in southern Bahia, Brazil. For this, 330 specimens were collected during the summer of 2014 at eight sampling points to ascertain whether male sex organs had developed in addition to the complete female genital tract in females (= imposex). The analyses were made under a stereoscopic microscope. Imposex and their associated indexes, and the sterile females, exhibited the highest rates in harbors and shipyards areas. Despite the total ban of TBT in anti-fouling paints on a global scale since 2003, the results of this and other studies indicate the continued use of those paints on the Brazilian coast. This shows the inefficiency of existing legislation and the need to strengthen enforcement of the ban.

  9. Assessment of tributyltin contamination based on imposex in Stramonita rustica (Mollusca: Gastropoda along southern Bahia coast, northeastern Brazil

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    G. C. Zeidan

    Full Text Available Abstract This study investigated the effects of tributyltin (TBT on the morphology of the genital system of the gastropod Stramonita rustica in southern Bahia, Brazil. For this, 330 specimens were collected during the summer of 2014 at eight sampling points to ascertain whether male sex organs had developed in addition to the complete female genital tract in females (= imposex. The analyses were made under a stereoscopic microscope. Imposex and their associated indexes, and the sterile females, exhibited the highest rates in harbors and shipyards areas. Despite the total ban of TBT in anti-fouling paints on a global scale since 2003, the results of this and other studies indicate the continued use of those paints on the Brazilian coast. This shows the inefficiency of existing legislation and the need to strengthen enforcement of the ban.

  10. Microbiological quality and environmental factors of estuarine area of Iguape Bay Marine Reserve (Bahia) for cultivation of native oysters

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Freitas; Gabrielly Sobral Neiva; Edileide Santana da Cruz; Jerusa da Mota Santana; Isabella de Matos Mendes da Silva; Fábio de Souza Mendonça

    2017-01-01

    RESUMO: Objetivou-se verificar a qualidade microbiológica das águas destinadas ao cultivo de ostra da Baía do Iguape, Bahia, e sua correlação com os fatores ambientais e variações de maré. Foram coletadas 36 amostras de água superficial de três viveiros de cultivo, totalizando 12 coletas. A população de coliformes totais e coliformes termotolerantes foi determinada por meio da técnica de tubos múltiplos - Número Mais Provável (NMP.100 mL-1). Foram estabelecidas como variáveis ambientais pH, t...

  11. Nojo, prazer e persistência: beber fermentado entre os Tupinambá de Olivença (Bahia

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    Susana de Matos Viegas

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa processos de transformação histórica na ingestão, preparação e interpelações suscitadas pelo consumo de uma bebida fermentada de mandioca (giroba entre os Tupinambá de Olivença (costa sul da Bahia. Interligando esta etnografia com fontes históricas sobre o cauim entre os Tupinambá do século XVI e XVII e um enfoque de comparação americanista, o artigo mostra a importância de "comer fermentado" para uma perspectiva de longa-duração sobre socialidades Tupi.

  12. Novas ocorrências de desmídias filamentosas (Desmidiaceae, Zygnematophyceae) para o estado da Bahia, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira,Ivania Batista de; Bicudo,Carlos Eduardo de Mattos; Moura,Carlos Wallace do Nascimento

    2010-01-01

    As desmídias de hábito filamentos são constituídas por filamentos de células relativamente curtos, que se dissociam com certa facilidade. O conhecimento destas algas no estado da Bahia é bastante escasso, até o momento, estando restrito a 13 táxons. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo realizar o inventário taxonômico dos gêneros filamentosos da família Desmidiaceae (Zygnematophyceae), de duas áreas de proteção ambiental, APA Rio Capivara e APA Lagoas de Guarajuba, município de Camaçari, a f...

  13. Parasitismo natural em moscas-das-frutas (Diptera: Tephritidae no semiárido do sudoeste da Bahia, Brasil

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    Ricardo Falcão de Sá

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Parasitoides são importantes agentes de controle natural de tefritídeos, e os conhecimentos sobre as relações tritróficas podem subsidiar o manejo destas pragas. Este trabalho objetivou estimar índices de parasitismo em moscas-das-frutas, em 21 espécies vegetais, e identificar as espécies de parasitoides associados, nas condições do semiárido do sudoeste da Bahia. Oito hospedeiros apresentaram infestação por Anastrepha spp. e, destes, em quatro, ocorreu parasitismo superior a 20,0%, sendo: 20,8% (Ziziphus joazeiro L.; 21,3% (Spondias tuberosa L.; 32,4% (Spondias purpurea L. e 57,1% (Malpighia emarginata L.. Os parasitoides coletados pertencem à família Braconidae, sendo 89% de Doryctobracon areolatus e 11% de Asobara anastrephae.

  14. Colonização e resistência no Paraguaçu – Bahia, 1530 – 1678

    OpenAIRE

    Neves, Juliana Brainer Barroso

    2008-01-01

    140f. Esta dissertação tem o objetivo de analisar a colonização e conquista da região do Paraguaçu, na capitania da Bahia. A presença de colonizadores, imigrantes europeus na década de 1530 intensificou o movimento de conquista e povoamento do litoral. O sertão, que era caracterizado pelo território ainda não colonizado, só teve uma política efetiva de conquista a partir da segunda metade do século XVII. Contudo, essa conquista não ocorreu de forma pacífica, os grupos indíge...

  15. O rururbano: espaço de contrastes, significados e sentido de posse, cidade de bahia blanca, argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Sereno, Claudia; Santamaría, Mariana; Santarelli de Serer, Silvia Alicia

    2010-01-01

    As áreas rururbanas, por sua condição de fronteira, estão sujeitas às transformações causadas pelo crescimento urbano e sofrem os impactos associados ao processo de globalização. Ambos processos impõem formas de apropriação e utilização dos recursos que obrigam aos residentes realizar mudanças na rotina diária e na adoção de novas estratégias. Neste artigo se caracterizam as funções, o uso da terra e as práticas sócio-espaciais dos residentes rururbanos de Bahia Blanca, assim como a incidênci...

  16. VOLUMETRIA DE Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. Blake PELO MÉTODO GEOMÉTRICO NO PLANALTO DE CONQUISTA, BAHIA

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    RAFAEL COSTA DE ALMEIDA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of the Original Geometric Method and Modified Geometric Method, to estimate the individual volume of 100 trees of Eucalyptus urophylla S. T. Blake, coming from a plantation with high variability of shape, with five years of age, located in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. For this, the trees were rigorously cubed and separated into five diameter classes with an amplitude of 3 cm, and their actual volumes were compared with volumes estimated by the respective methods, in an analysis of variance in factorial with two factors (diameter classes and methods. The results showed that, in general, the methods produced good estimates of volume, however, there was loss of precision in estimates related to a greater taper of the trees belonging to the largest diameter classes (DBH > 12 cm, with shape factors smaller than 0.46, as well as the presence of deformations on the stem.

  17. Diversity of Anastrepha spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) and associated braconid parasitoids from native and exotic hosts in southeastern Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Janisete G; Dutra, Vivian S; Santos, Mirian S; Silva, Nívea M O; Vidal, Daniela B; Nink, Ricardo A; Guimarães, Jorge A; Araujo, Elton L

    2010-10-01

    We documented fruit fly-host associations and infestation rates over 5 yr in the state of Bahia, Brazil, by systematically collecting native and introduced fruits in backyard and commercial orchards, experimental stations, and patches of native vegetation. Fruit were collected in multiple sites in the southern and southernmost regions of Bahia. A total of 942.22 kg from 27 fruit species in 15 plant families was collected throughout this study. Of these, 15 plant species from six families were infested by Anastrepha species. A total of 11,614 fruit flies was reared from the fruit (5,178 females and 6,436 males). No specimens of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) were recovered. Eleven Anastrepha species were recovered from the collected fruit: Anastrepha antunesi Lima (0.04%), Anastrepha distincta Greene (0.1%), Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) (53.5%), Anastrepha leptozona Hendel (4.5%), Anastrepha manihoti Lima (0.1%), Anastrepha montei Lima (1.0%), Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (33.0%), Anastrepha pickeli Lima (2.0%), Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemann) (1.0%), Anastrepha sororcula Zucchi (3.0%), and Anastrepha zenildae Zucchi (1.8%). We recovered 1,265 parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Anastrepha pupae. Three species of braconids were found to parasitize larvae of nine Anastrepha species. The most common parasitoid species recovered was Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti) (81.7%), followed by Utetes anastrephae (Viereck) (12.2%) and Asobara anastrephae (Muesebeck) (6.1%). We report A. fraterculus infesting Malay apple Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry and A. fraterculus, A. sororcula, and A. zenildae infesting araza Eugenia stipitata McVaugh for the first time in Brazil.

  18. CARACTERIZAÇÃO FÍSICA E SOCIOECONÔMICA DA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO GONGOGI, BAHIA

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    Amom Chrystian de Oliveira Teixeira

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho caracterizou os aspectos ambientais, sociais, econômicos e a dinâmica de uso da terra da Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Gongogi na Bahia, visando contribuir para o planejamento e gestão dos seus recursos naturais. Para isto, foram obtidos dados digitais dos mapas de solos, geomorfologia, geologia e climatologia da área de estudo junto a Superintendência de Estudos Sociais e Econômicos da Bahia (SEI. Para a caracterização socioeconômica e do uso da terra foram realizados levantamentos de dados secundários junto ao Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE e a SEI, referentes à estrutura fundiária (1998, produção de cacau dos municípios (1990-2010, uso da terra (1996-2006, efetivo bovino (1975-2010 e população (1970-2010. Foi possível verificar que o uso da terra predominante na bacia são as pastagens, mesmo nos municípios onde a economia se encontra baseada na atividade cacaueira. A Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Gongogi apresenta uma concentração de terras ocasionada por um processo histórico de uso e ocupação do solo, causado tanto pela pecuária extensiva como pelo monocultivo do cacau. O município de Dário Meira se destaca na produção de cacau, enquanto que Ibicuí possui o maior efetivo bovino. Os usos da terra se correlacionam diretamente com as condições climáticas da bacia, pois, as áreas de cultivo cacaueiro ocorrem em clima mais úmido, enquanto as pastagens nas áreas de clima mais seco.

  19. Unique and cross-reactive T cell epitope peptides of the major Bahia grass pollen allergen, Pas n 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etto, Tamara; de Boer, Carmela; Prickett, Sara; Gardner, Leanne M; Voskamp, Astrid; Davies, Janet M; O'Hehir, Robyn E; Rolland, Jennifer M

    2012-01-01

    Bahia grass pollen (BaGP) is a major cause of allergic rhinitis. Subcutaneous allergen-specific immunotherapy is effective for grass pollen allergy, but is unsuitable for patients with moderate to severe asthma due to the risk of anaphylaxis. T cell-reactive but IgE nonreactive peptides provide a safer treatment option. This study aimed to identify and characterize dominant CD4(+) T cell epitope peptides of the major BaGP allergen, Pas n 1. Pas n 1-specific T cell lines generated from the peripheral blood of BaGP-allergic subjects were tested for proliferative and cytokine response to overlapping 20-mer Pas n 1 peptides. Cross-reactivity to homologous peptides from Lol p 1 and Cyn d 1 of Ryegrass and Bermuda grass pollen, respectively, was assessed using Pas n 1 peptide-specific T cell clones. MHC class II restriction of Pas n 1 peptide T cell recognition was determined by HLA blocking assays and peptide IgE reactivity tested by dot blotting. Three Pas n 1 peptides showed dominant T cell reactivity; 15 of 18 (83%) patients responded to one or more of these peptides. T cell clones specific for dominant Pas n 1 peptides showed evidence of species-specific T cell reactivity as well as cross-reactivity with other group 1 grass pollen allergens. The dominant Pas n 1 T cell epitope peptides showed HLA binding diversity and were non-IgE reactive. The immunodominant T cell-reactive Pas n 1 peptides are candidates for safe immunotherapy for individuals, including those with asthma, who are allergic to Bahia and possibly other grass pollens. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. Clinical and laboratory profile of HIV-positive patients at the moment of diagnosis in Bahia, Brazil

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    Márcia Sampaio Sá

    Full Text Available In Brazil, current trends of the AIDS epidemic include an increase in transmission through heterosexual contact, predominantly from men to women, with more cases of AIDS in women and more children contaminated by vertical transmission. There is also a high proportion of cases in poor people or people living in small towns. HIV-infected patients with high levels of immunodeficiency are frequently hospitalized after their first visit to the clinic due to opportunistic infections, characteristic of advanced disease. This study characterized the clinical and laboratory pattern of AIDS in a sample of patients attended for the first time in the AIDS clinic of the Federal University of Bahia Hospital (HUPES in Salvador, Brazil. We revised medical charts of cases of subjects registered at the outpatient AIDS clinic from January 1997 to December 2003. The demographics, clinical data, and laboratory characteristics were analyzed to determine the degree of immunodeficiency at the time of admission. A total of 377 patients were evaluated (58.6% were male, with a mean sample age of 33.4 years. The most frequent clinical manifestations were asthenia, weight loss, fever, anemia, dermatitis, oral thrush and diarrhea. CDC criteria were not adequate to define the initial cases. After admission to the outpatient clinic, nearly 25% of the patients were hospitalized immediately, indicating delay in the diagnosis. In Bahia, the initial presentation of HIV-infected patients to health care assistance is occurring at a late stage of the disease, when signs and symptoms of immunodeficiency are already established. Efforts are necessary to construct strategies to make an early diagnosis of these patients, improve the quality of care, and guarantee the benefits of antiretroviral therapy, when it is indicated.

  1. Socio-economic and environmental effects influencing the development of leprosy in Bahia, north-eastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral-Miranda, William; Chiaravalloti Neto, Francisco; Barrozo, Ligia V

    2014-12-01

    To investigate spatial clusters and possible associations between relative risks of leprosy with socio-economic and environmental factors, taking into account diagnosed cases in children under 15 years old. An ecological study was conceived using data aggregated by municipality to identify possible spatial clusters of leprosy from 2005 to 2011. Relative risks were calculated accounting for the respective covariate gender. The second stage of the analysis consisted of verifying possible associations between the relative risks of leprosy as a dependent variable, and socio-economic and environmental variables as independent. This was performed using a multivariate regression analysis according to a previously defined conceptual framework. Overall rates have decreased from 0.88/10 000 in 2005 to 0.52 in 2011. Spatial scan statistics identified 4 high-risk and 6 low-risk clusters. In the regression model, after allowing for spatial dependence, relative risks were associated with higher percentage of water bodies, higher Gini index, higher percentage of urban population, larger average number of dwellers by permanent residence and smaller percentage of residents born in Bahia. Although relative risks of leprosy in Bahia have been decreasing, they remain very high. The association between relative risks of leprosy and water bodies in the proposed geographic scale indicates that hypothesis linking M. leprae and humid environments cannot be discarded. Socio-economic conditions such as inequality, a greater number of dwellers by residence and migration are derived from the urbanisation process carried out in this State. Precarious settlements and poor living conditions in the cities would favour the continuity of leprosy transmission. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Growth of Jacaranda-da-Bahia (Dalbergia nigra((Vell. Fr. All. ex Benth under different levels of NPK

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    Elzimar de Oliveira Gonçalves

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of well-nourished and quality seedlings is one of the factors that contribute to the successful implementation of forest plantations. The present study aimed to verify, by means of morphological characteristics, the effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the growth of jacarandá-da-bahia seedlings (Dalbergia nigra ((Vell. Fr. All. in order to establish the optimal dose of each nutrient to be added in different substrates thus aiming to ensure the production of seedlings with better quality. The seedlings were produced in three types of soils: mesotrophic Ultisol (PVAm, Alic Oxisol (LVAa and distrofic Oxisol (LVAd. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions from February to June of 2006. 11 treatments were defined according baconian matrix, in which the nutrients (N, P and K ranged in three different doses and two additional treatments (Zero and Reference. A completely randomized design with four replications was adopted. The seedlings were planted in pots with a capacity of 2.1 dm3 and 120 days after sowing the data was collected. After analyzing the data, it was concluded that for the production of jacarandá-da-bahia seedlings it is recommended an addition of dosages greater than or equal to 600 mg.dm-3 of P and 200 mg.dm-3 of N when using underground earth in the production of seedlings, from distrofic Oxisol and 300 mg.dm-3 of P and 90 mg.dm-3 of N when using mesotrophic Ultisol. As for the addition of K, since the seedlings were undemanding or the available contents in the soil were sufficient to supply their needs, it is recommended the application of the minimum tested dose of 50 mg.dm-3 of soil until further studies with lower doses is tested.

  3. Risco para transtornos alimentares em escolares de Salvador, Bahia, e a dimensão raça/cor

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    Liliane de Jesus Bittencourt

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a existência de fatores de risco associados aos transtornos alimentares em escolares da cidade de Salvador, Bahia, por meio da dimensão étnico-racial como fator de heterogeneidade. MÉTODOS: Os participantes da pesquisa são escolares do sexo feminino, na faixa etária entre 15 e 30 anos, residentes na cidade de Salvador, no Estado da Bahia. Foram investigadas 626 estudantes, selecionadas em instituições públicas e privadas de ensino médio e universitário. Utilizaram-se o Eating Atittude Test-26, o Body Shape Questionnaire e o Beck Depression Inventory como instrumentos de identificação de risco para os transtornos alimentares. A classificação étnico-racial se deu por autodeclaração, de acordo com as categorias do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Foram realizadas análises descritivas, bivariadas (χ2 de Pearson e regressão logística multivariada para análise dos dados. RESULTADOS: As estudantes que se identificaram como amarelas ou indígenas têm 3,6 vezes mais chances de desenvolverem comportamentos alimentares desordenados e 4,8 vezes mais possibilidade de estarem insatisfeitas com sua imagem corporal. As pardas apresentam 2,5 vezes mais risco para essa insatisfação. A depressão é uma comorbidade que deve ser considerada, apesar de não estar associada significativamente à raça/cor. CONCLUSÃO: As mulheres não brancas em Salvador apresentam risco de desenvolver transtornos alimentares. Outros estudos que combinam métodos quantitativos e qualitativos podem permitir uma análise mais robusta quanto à relação entre transtornos alimentares e raça/cor e etnia.

  4. INOCULATION AND ISOLATION OF PLANT GROWTH-PROMOTING BACTERIA IN MAIZE GROWN IN VITÓRIA DA CONQUISTA, BAHIA, BRAZIL

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    Joelma da Silva Santos

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Maize is among the most important crops in the world. This plant species can be colonized by diazotrophic bacteria able to convert atmospheric N into ammonium under natural conditions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of inoculation of the diazotrophic bacterium Herbaspirillum seropedicae (ZAE94 and isolate new strains of plant growth-promoting bacteria in maize grown in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil. The study was conducted in a greenhouse at the Experimental Area of the Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia. Inoculation was performed with peat substrate, with and without inoculation containing strain ZAE94 of H. seropedicae and four rates of N, in the form of ammonium sulfate (0, 60, 100, and 140 kg ha-1 N. After 45 days, plant height, dry matter accumulation in shoots, percentage of N, and total N (NTotal were evaluated. The bacteria were isolated from root and shoot fragments of the absolute control; the technique of the most probable number and identification of bacteria were used. The new isolates were physiologically characterized for production of indole acetic acid (IAA and nitrogenase activity. We obtained 30 isolates from maize plants. Inoculation with strain ZAE94 promoted an increase of 14.3 % in shoot dry mass and of 44.3 % in NTotal when associated with the rate 60 kg ha-1 N. The strains N11 and N13 performed best with regard to IAA production and J06, J08, J10, and N15 stood out in acetylene reduction activity, demonstrating potential for inoculation of maize.

  5. Aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in different cocoa clones (Theobroma cacao L.) developed in the southern region of Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciel, Leonardo Fonseca; Felício, Ana Lúcia de Souza Madureira; Miranda, Lucas Caldeirão Rodrigues; Pires, Tassia Cavalcante; Bispo, Eliete da Silva; Hirooka, Elisa Yoko

    2017-11-21

    Brazil is the sixth largest producer of cocoa beans in the world, after Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Nigeria and Cameroon. The southern region of Bahia stands out as the country's largest producer, accounting for approximately 60% of production. Due to damage caused by infestation of the cocoa crop with the fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa, which causes 'witch's broom disease', research in cocoa beans has led to the cloning of species that are resistant to the disease; however, there is little information about the development of other fungal genera in these clones, such as Aspergillus, which do not represent a phytopathogenicity problem but can grow during the pre-processing of cocoa beans and produce mycotoxins. Thus, the aim of this work was to determine the presence of aflatoxin (AF) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in cocoa clones developed in Brazil. Aflatoxin and ochratoxin A contamination were determined in 130 samples from 13 cocoa clones grown in the south of Bahia by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with a fluorescence detector. The method was evaluated for limit of detection (LOD) (0.05-0.90 μg kg-1), limit of quantification (0.10-2.50 μg kg-1) and recovery (RSD) (89.40-95.80%) for AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2 and OTA. Aflatoxin contamination was detected in 38% of the samples in the range of

  6. Hydrography of Bahia Todos Santos, Baja California: Results of more than twenty five years of investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustos-Serrano, H.; Canino-Herrera, S. R.; Morales-Chavez, R.; Martinez-Garcia, G. M.

    2007-05-01

    The first study of Bahia Todos Santos (BTS) was reported by Walton in 1955. We conducted oceanographic studies in BTS since 1979. The BTS has a connection with a coastal lagoon named Estero de Punta Banda (EPB), two islands at the western portion and the Port of Ensenada. The general hydrographic characteristics are: In winter the water became homogeneous, less saline (California water mass with a relatively high salinity (>33.6) low temperature (13°C), low oxygen (~3mL L-1) and rich in nutrient concentration. The isothermal top layer has relatively high temperature (>17°C) and oxygen concentration (>6mL L-1). The intermediate transition layer (seasonal thermocline) has minimum salinity, maximum oxygen and high stability. During fall there is distribution of heat from the surface layer to the entire water column. The thermic waves propagate with decrease amplitude in ~3 months, from surface to bottom water. The California Current flow generally southward off the western United States and northern Mexico and is one of the major coastal upwelling of the word oceans. The upwelling events in BTS appear regularly at the SW portion and were typically characterized by an increase in pCO2, decrease of O2, increase of nutrients and a lower temperature. Upwelling activity increases surface nutrient availability causing rise in the primary productivity and hence increased zooplankton biomass. The annual upwelling event which had a maximum strength on May, the seasonal warming and cooling, and the water advection were the dominant modifying processes for the variability of seawater characteristics. Higher salinities are located close to the coastline and lower off the bay. The levels of oxygen, alkalinity, pH and chlorophyll indicate that the maximum concentration of phytoplankton is located at the center of the bay. The nitrification support the primary productivity and the NO3 levels were below detection limits; the N/P ratio in 2005 was from 10 to 25; and for 2006 was

  7. Hábito alimentar de Callinectes larvatus Ordway (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae no Manguezal de Jiribatuba, Baía de Todos os Santos, Bahia Diet of Callinectes larvatus Ordway (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae in the Jiribatuba Mangrove, Todos os Santos Bay, Bahia

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    César Roberto Goes Carqueija

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The diet of Callinectes larvatus Ordway, 1863 population which occupy the mangrove of Jiribatuba, Bahia, Brazil (13o03'25"S and 38o47'38"W is reported. The investigation of its stomachal contents showed that C. larvatus is an omnivorous species of ample feeding spectrum and presents detritivorous and opportunistic feeding strategy.

  8. The relationship between the industry of natural gas and the sector of electric power: perspectives for the united development of such segments in Bahia; Estudo da industria do gas natural e sua relacao com o setor eletrico na Bahia: perspectivas para uma integracao sinergica entre tais segmentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prates, Daniel O. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Rocha, Georges S. [Bahia Univ., Salvador, BA (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica. Curso de Especializacao em Engenharia do Gas Natural

    2005-07-01

    The industry of natural gas is finding great inter-relationship with the electric power section due to aspects technical, economical and institutional. In Brazil, this world tendency is increasing quickly, above all, starting from the crisis of energy lived by the Country in 2001. In spite of, in spite of being the third producing largest and consume-pain in Brazil, Bahia now is deficient in natural gas, committing the thermal-electricity generation due to lack of this energy one as well as, of the deficiency in the transport and distribution infrastructure. Besides, Bahia is the Brazilian state with the largest population without access the electric power. This motivates reflections concerning the potentialities of the natural gas to lessen this situation. Therefore, this work has an objective to evaluate the structures of the industry of the natural gas and the electric section in Bahia and the relationship among these segments. Initially, it tries to present the reasons that it is taking the development of the electric power generation in consonance with the industry of the gas. Soon afterwards, it comes a retrospective abbreviation of the electric power generation in Brazil and in Bahia, emphasizing the recent tendency of use of the natural gas for the thermal-electricity generation. In the following point, it talks about the reservations and production of natural gas and he/she comes the structure of commercialization of gas from the production/importation to the distribution in Brazil and in Bahia. To proceed, the investment plans are evaluated for the enlargement of the production, transport and distribution of natural gas and electricity in Bahia. Finally, the article is concluded being discussed the difficulties and perspectives of increase and integration of the segments of natural gas and electric power in Bahia, tends in view the institutional aspects, technique and economical of a model that influences the use of the natural gas and contribute to the

  9. Avaliação de modelos de estimativa da radiação solar incidente em Cruz das Almas, Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Borges,Valéria P.; Oliveira,Aureo S. de; Coelho Filho,Maurício A.; Silva,Tibério S. M. da; Pamponet,Bruce M.

    2010-01-01

    Em estudos agroambientais a radiação solar incidente (Rs) é uma das mais importantes variáveis meteorológicas. Na ausência de dados observados de Rs é possível estimá-los mediante modelos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar modelos baseados na temperatura do ar para estimativa diária de Rs nas condições do Recôncavo Sul da Bahia. Utilizaram-se dados de Rs do período de 2004 a 2006, medidos por uma estação meteorológica automática pertencente ao INMET, instalada em Cruz das Almas, Bahia. Como...

  10. [Considerations on the Sistema Único de Saúde in the twenty-first century: an interview with Lígia Bahia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahia, Lígia; Cueto, Marcos; Benchimol, Jaime; Teixeira, Luiz Antonio; Cerqueira, Roberta C

    2014-01-01

    This interview with Lígia Bahia explores evaluations of the first 25 years of Brazil's Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) and analyzes the project's progress, impasses, and missteps. Bahia is critical of both tendencies currently found within SUS: the one that sees the system as aimed at equity and the other posing equality as its goal. She criticizes the ambivalence that various spheres of government have displayed in their decisions regarding large corporate groups and private health insurance plans, which conflict with the ideas of SUS. She evaluates the participation of doctors and other healthcare professionals in the system. Lastly, she analyzes the emergence of identity politics, which are missing from the public health reform project, whose emphasis was on equality.

  11. Analysis of private natural heritage reserves as a conservation strategy for the biodiversity of the cocoa region of the southern State of Bahia, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Schiavetti,Alexandre; Oliveira,Haydee Torres de; Lins, Alene da Silva; Santos,Pablo Santana

    2010-01-01

    p. 699-711 Brazil was the first country in Latin America to establish and regulate this type of reserve, and there are currently more than 700 Private Nature Heritage Reserves (RPPN in Portuguese) officially recognized by either federal or state environmental agencies. Together, these RPPN protect more than a half million hectares of land in the country. The coastal forests in the southern part of Bahia State extend 100 to 200 km inland, gradually changing in physiognomy as they occupy the...

  12. Clinical and epidemiological study of 27 poisonings caused by ingesting puffer fish (Tetrodontidae) in the states of Santa Catarina and Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Claudia Carvalho Pestana; Zannin, Marlene; Rodrigues, Daisy Schwab; Santos, Claudia Regina dos; Correa, Ieda Ana; Haddad Junior, Vidal

    2010-01-01

    Puffer fish can be poisonous due to the presence of the potent neurotoxins such as Tetrodotoxin (TTX) and Saxitoxin (STX) found in its tissues. The authors report 27 human poisonings from ingestion of puffer fish in patients treated at Toxicology Centers in the states of Santa Catarina and Bahia, Brazil, between 1984 and January 2009. Poisonings were classified as moderate (52%) and severe (33%), two deaths were observed. Early diagnosis is very important to ensure respiratory support.

  13. Levantamento das aves marinhas no percurso Rio de Janeiro: Bahia (Brasil A survey of the marine birds in the route Rio de Janeiro: Bahía (Brazil

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    Elias Pacheco Coelho

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Marine birds were surveyed between Rio de Janeiro and Bahia, latitudes 24º44'S and 17º50'S, from July to September 1984. Sixteen species were recorded belonging to six families, with most sightings occurring between 24º44'S and 22º3$'S. Data suggest two distinct communities, the more southerly one is represented by Daption capense and the one further north by Puffinus gravis.

  14. From the índio gentil to the gentil bárbaro: uses and misuses of just war in seventeenth century Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Guida Marques

    2014-01-01

    Trata-se, neste artigo, de examinar o processo de legitimação que acompanhou a conquista do sertão baiano durante a segunda metade do século XVII, e de explorar as interações entre as dinâmicas locais e imperiais que levaram a uma situação de violência institucionalizada contra as populações indígenas do interior da Bahia.

  15. LOCAL PRODUCTION ARRANGEMENT OF IRRIGATED FRUIT CULTURE IN THE LOWER SÃO FRANCISCO RIVER, PERNAMBUCO/BAHIA: COMMERCIAL FLOWS AND LOCAL DYNAMICS

    OpenAIRE

    Leão, Éder Lira de Souza; Moutinho,Lúcia Maria Góes; Campos, Luís Henrique Romani

    2016-01-01

    The lower São Francisco river is an important area comprising municipalities in the states of Pernambuco and Bahia, Brazil. Local economical dynamics enhances Irrigated Fruit Culture and Grape Culture with important production and innovation arrangements. Current article analyzes the commercial flux of fruit culture activities since an important characteristic of the Local Production Arrangement (LPA) comprises the economic, political and institutional relation with territory outsiders. LPA i...

  16. Beija-flores (Aves: Trochilidae) e seus recursos florais em uma área de caatinga da Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Caio Graco

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the species of hummingbird occurring in an area of caatinga vegetation, examining their seasonal activities, the assemblages of plants that they used, as well as the floral characteristics and flowering phenology of that vegetation. These surveys were performed in an area of arboreal caatinga in Chapada Diamantina, municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil, during 12 expeditions undertaken on a bi-monthly basis between October, 2005 and August, 2007. Field activit...

  17. Fauna triatominae do Estado da Bahia, Brasil II - o gênero Rhodnius, com estudos sobre a genitália (Hemiptera, reduviidae, Triatominae

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    Ítalo A. Sherlock

    1974-01-01

    Full Text Available O Rhodnius neglectus é assinalado para a Fauna do Estado da Bahia como a única espécies do gênero ali ocorrente. Dados sobre sua biologia e a morfologia, são apresentados. É feito um estudo do aparelho genital dessa espécie e são salientados os caracteres morfológicos que serão adotados para a diferenciação específica dos triatomíneos nos seguintes trabalhos a serem publicados na série sobre a fauna de hemípteros do Estado.One female specimen of Rhodnius neglectus was collected inthe State of Bahia, Brazil and is considered the only species of the genus so far found in that State. The AA. present data on the biology and morphology of the insect and make a thorough study of the genital apparatus of the species, which will be used for species differentiation in the future papers about the fauna of Triatominae of the State of Bahia.

  18. An assessment of leaf-litter and epigaeic ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae living in different landscapes of the Atlantic Forest Biome in the State of Bahia, Brazil

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    Roberta de Jesus Santos

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian Atlantic Forest has a rich biodiversity increasingly threatened by human activities. Since the colonial period, the coast of the state of Bahia is among the most affected regions of Brazil by anthropic pressure. Bahia encloses Atlantic Forest remnants distributed in an area reaching 100-200 km along the east-west axis, by 1,000 km along the north-south axis, parallel to the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. We report hereafter the results of an intensive field survey of leaf litter and epigaeic ants realized in forest remnants of the Atlantic Forest landscapes within the original extension of the biome in 11 localities distributed along four degrees of latitude in the state of Bahia. In each site, 16 plots were collected using pitfall and eight using Winkler traps. We identified 391 ant species belonging to 71 genera and nine subfamilies. Among all species recorded, 21 were common to the whole 11 localities, while 98 species were recorded in a single locality. This study highlights the richness and diversity of epigaeic and leaf-litter ants living in the northern part of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, and is one of the most representative soil ants’ inventories ever done in this biome for a single state of Brazil.

  19. Organização sociopolítica de Psicólogas(os na Bahia: formação das suas entidades de classe

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    Julianin Araujo Santos

    Full Text Available O presente artigo teórico propõe-se a debater sobre o processo de organização sociopolítica dos psicólogos na Bahia, trazendo como objetivo uma reflexão sobre o papel das entidades representativas da classe nesse processo. Com esse fim, foi realizada uma revisão de literatura que tratou da conjuntura histórica da regulamentação e do desenvolvimento da Psicologia no Brasil, assim como sobre a sua organização sociopolítica. Além disso, devido à escassez de estudos que abordam esse tema, foram incluídos depoimentos coletados durante a realização deste artigo, e, para isso, foram feitas entrevistas semiestruturadas com alguns membros envolvidos com as entidades representativas dos psicólogos no Estado da Bahia. Este estudo buscou discutir, principalmente, a atuação e a função do Conselho Regional de Psicologia - Região 03 e do Sindicato dos(as Psicólogos(as no Estado da Bahia - SINPSI-BA. Ao final, são levantadas algumas reflexões sobre a atuação e o engajamento das (os psicólogas (os bem como a análise do papel desse profissional na sociedade baiana.

  20. A cidade desejada e sublimada por Jorge Amado: os lugares imaginados em Bahia de Todos-os- Santos: guia de ruas e mistérios de Salvador

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    Ricardo Araújo Barberena

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The book Bahia de Todos-os-santos: guia de ruas e mistérios de Salvador (Bahia of all-saints: a guide to the streets and mysteries of Salvador, by Jorge Amado (published in 1944, portrays an easygoing and provincial capital of Bahia. The population, which was less than 300 thousand people, moved about in the different celebrations of life. Due to profound urban transformations, the book underwent alterations in the different versions published through the years. However, the underlying structure and the spirit of the book have remained: the production of an encyclopedia of what it means to be/being “baiano” – sceneries, stories, old streets, new avenues, traditions, parties, poverty, joy, churches, candomblé, orishas, and other characters. In its pages, the book presents a real and magical image of a territory permeated by ordinary mysteries. The book has maintained its essence throughout the different editions. Even if the city has changed physically, it remains unchanged in terms of its poetic prose and in the production of a sublime descriptivism of a “black Rome.”

  1. Avaliação de modelos de estimativa da radiação solar incidente em Cruz das Almas, Bahia Evaluating models for estimation of incoming solar radiation in Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria P. Borges

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Em estudos agroambientais a radiação solar incidente (Rs é uma das mais importantes variáveis meteorológicas. Na ausência de dados observados de Rs é possível estimá-los mediante modelos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar modelos baseados na temperatura do ar para estimativa diária de Rs nas condições do Recôncavo Sul da Bahia. Utilizaram-se dados de Rs do período de 2004 a 2006, medidos por uma estação meteorológica automática pertencente ao INMET, instalada em Cruz das Almas, Bahia. Como etapa preliminar, verificou-se a qualidade dos dados de Rs tomando-se como referência curvas de radiação esperada em dias claros. Os seguintes modelos foram avaliados: Hargreaves-Samani para regiões interiores e regiões costeiras, Thornton-Running e o de Weiss. O desempenho de cada método foi avaliado através dos seguintes indicadores: coeficiente de determinção (R², razão média (RM, erro absoluto médio (EAM, raiz quadrada do quadrado médio do erro (RQME e índice de concordância de Wilmott (dW. Os resultados obtidos recomendam o modelo de Hargreaves-Samani para regiões costeiras por apresentar o valor de RM mais próximo de 1 (1,01, menor EAM (2,54 MJ m-2 d-1, menor RQME (3,13 MJ m-2 d-1 e o maior dW (0,90.Solar radiation at the earth's surface (Rs is one of the essential weather variables for several agro-environmental studies. In the absence of measured Rs, it's possible to simulate them by models. Using three years of daily Rs data (2004-2006 collected by an INMET (Brazilian Meteorological Service automatic weather station installed in the municipality of Cruz das Almas, BA, three air temperature-based Rs simulation models were evaluated. As a preliminary step, data quality was investigated and, when needed, adjustments were made based on clear sky solar radiation envelopes. The following models were evaluated: Hargreaves-Samani for both interior and coastal regions, Thornton-Running, and the Weiss model. Linear

  2. Condições de trabalho docente e saúde na Bahia: estudos epidemiológicos Work conditions and health of teachers in the State of Bahia, Brazil: epidemiological studies

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    Tânia Maria de Araújo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available As condições de saúde e trabalho de professores foram analisadas a partir de resultados de oito estudos epidemiológicos desenvolvidos no estado da Bahia. Os estudos, realizados em docentes baianos, de 1996 a 2007, determinaram as prevalências dos três principais grupos de queixas de saúde (problemas vocais, problemas osteomusculares e saúde mental e as associaram a características da organização do trabalho docente. Os estudos revelam as importantes contribuições dos aspectos relacionados ao ambiente escolar e à organização do trabalho docente para a ocorrência dos diferentes efeitos sobre a saúde investigados. Apesar do caráter exploratório desses estudos, sua análise conjunta permitiu evidenciar que docentes com trabalhos envolvendo alta exigência também apresentavam prevalências mais elevadas de queixas de doença. Esses resultados apontam para a necessidade do estabelecimento de políticas voltadas para a prevenção e atenção à saúde dos docentes.Teacher's work and health conditions were analyzed on the basis of results coming from eight epidemiological studies carried out in the State of Bahia, Brazil. The studies among teachers, performed from 1996 to 2007, have determined the prevalence of the three main groups of health complaints (voice problems, musculoskeletal problems, and mental health problems and tried to associate them to characteristics of teacher's work organization. The studies revealed important contributions of the aspects related to school work environment and teachers' work organization to the occurrence of the negative health effects investigated. Inspite of the exploratory approach of these studies, the joint analysis of data showed that teachers in high strain jobs also presented the highest prevalence rates of poor health effects. These results support the necessity of policies that encompass prevention and attention to teacher's health.

  3. Detecção de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em suínos criados e abatidos no Estado da Bahia, Brasil Detection anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in swines bred and abated in the Bahia State, Brazil

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    Rodrigo A. Bezerra

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se verificar a ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em suínos criados e abatidos no Estado da Bahia. Foram coletadas e examinadas 465 amostras de sangue de suínos provenientes de criações de diferentes locais desse estado. Para a pesquisa de anticorpos anti-T. gondii, foi utilizada a técnica de Imunoadsorção Enzimática (ELISA e considerados positivos todos os animais com títulos iguais ou maiores que 1:16. Desses, 18,27% (85/465 foram positivos para anticorpos anti-T. gondii, sendo 30,76% (24/78 em Ilhéus, 18,10% (21/116 em Itabuna e 14,76% (40/271 em Simões Filho. Foram observadas diferenças significativas quanto ao sexo dos animais (p = 0,0171, ao sistema de criação (p = 0,0002 e à procedência dos animais (p = 0,0278 no município de Itabuna. Anticorpos anti-T. gondii foram encontrados nos animais estudados, podendo ser estes animais fonte de infecção para a população humana local.This study was performed to verify the occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in swine raised and slaughtered in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Four hundred sixty five swine blood samples from farms of different cities had been collected and examined. Anti-T. gondii antibodies was detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and considered positive all the animals with equal or bigger headings than 1:16. From these, 18.27% (85/465 of total sample were positive for T. gondii, 30.76% (24 in Ilhéus, 18.10% (21/116 in Itabuna and 14.76% (40/271 in Simões Filho. Significant differences were observed regarding animal sex (p = 0.0171, raising system (p = 0.0002 and origin of the animals (p = 0.0278 in the city of Itabuna. The occurrence of anti-T. gondii antibodies shows that swine can be a source of infection for the local human population.

  4. Risk factors and clinical disorders of canine ehrlichiosis in the South of Bahia, Brazil Fatores de risco e alterações clínicas da erhlichiose canina no sul da Bahia, Brasil

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    Renata Santiago Alberto Carlos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the clinical disorders and risk factors of canine ehrlichiosis in Ilhéus and Itabuna, Bahia, and compare different diagnostic methods. Blood samples were collected from 200 dogs. Each dog was clinically examined. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the risk factors. The blood samples were analyzed using the Dot-ELISA test; hematometry, platelet counts and searches for morulae on blood smears were performed. Nested PCR was carried out on 50 serologically positive samples and 50 negative samples. Three positive PCRs were sequenced. Thirty-six percent were serologically positivity and 5.5% from blood smears. The animals were anemic and thrombocytopenic. Presence of ticks and living in areas on the urban periphery were considered to be risk factors (p Objetivou-se com este trabalho estudar as alterações clínicas, fatores de risco da ehrlichiose canina nos municípios de Ilhéus e Itabuna, Bahia, e comparar diferentes métodos de diagnóstico. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 200 cães e cada animal foi examinado clinicamente. Foi preenchido um questionário para avaliar os fatores de risco. As amostras de sangue foram analisadas pelo teste Dot-ELISA e foram realizadas hematimetria, contagem de plaquetas e procura de mórulas em esfregaço de sangue. Nested-PCR foi realizada em 50 amostras positivas e 50 negativas na sorologia. Três amostras PCRs positivas foram seqüenciadas. Foi encontrado 36,0% de positividade na sorologia e 5,5% nos esfregaços sanguíneos. Os animais apresentavam anemia e trombocitopenia. Ter carrapatos e residir em áreas suburbanas foram considerados fatores de risco (p < 0,05. A Nested-PCR identificou 11 cães positivos, sendo 9 com sorologia positiva e 2 negativos. O sequenciamento de DNA foi compatível com a presença de Ehrlichia canis.

  5. Fatores associados a excesso de peso e concentração de gordura abdominal em adultos na cidade de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Factors associated with overweight and abdominal fat in adults in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil

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    Lucivalda P. M. Oliveira

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi identificar os fatores associados ao excesso de peso e concentração de gordura abdominal em adultos de ambos os sexos. Um estudo transversal envolvendo amostra representativa de 570 adultos de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. A regressão de Poisson foi utilizada na análise, adotando-se o índice de massa corporal (IMC e a circunferência da cintura como variáveis dependentes. Para as mulheres, a inadequação do IMC e da circunferência da cintura ocorreu com o aumento da idade e entre as que faziam dieta no momento do estudo, a história familiar de obesidade associou-se apenas com o IMC elevado. Para os homens, o IMC elevou-se na faixa etária de 30 a 39 e 50 a 59 anos. A circunferência da cintura elevou-se com a realização de três ou menos refeições-dia, com a hipertensão arterial, uso de bebida alcoólica e diminuiu entre mulatos e negros. Tanto IMC quanto circunferência da cintura elevaram-se com a historia familiar de infarto. Portanto são distintos os fatores que se associam ao excesso de peso e da gordura abdominal em homens e mulheres. Mas muitos deles podem ser modificados com a adoção do estilo de vida saudável.This cross-sectional study of 570 adults aimed to identify factors associated with overweight and abdominal fat in adults of both sexes in the city of Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Body mass index (BMI and waist circumference were the dependent variables, and Poisson regression was used for statistical analysis. For women, high BMI and waist circumference were associated with increased age and current dieting (< 3 meals a day, while family history of obesity was only associated with increased BMI. In men, BMI increased in the 30-39 and 50-59-year age brackets. Waist circumference increased in association with < 3 meals a day, arterial hypertension, and alcohol consumption, and was lower among blacks and mixed-race individuals. High BMI and waist circumference were both associated with family history of

  6. Acaricides efficiency on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus from Bahia state North-Central region Eficiência de acaricidas sobreRhipicephalus (Boophilus microplusna região Centro-Norte, Bahia

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    José Tadeu Raynal

    Full Text Available The cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus is responsible for major losses in the Brazilian livestock, mainly due to reduction in cattle productive performance. Resistance development to major classes of acaricide widely used nowadays has been extensively reported, as well as the occurrence of residues from these compounds in animal products and the environment. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of acaricides on R. (B. microplus collected from rural properties in the North-Central region of Bahia State. Ticks were collected in several cattle farms in the cited region, and an in vitro acaricide efficiency assay was performed based on the immersion of ticks in acaricide solutions made according to manufacturers' recommendations. The results obtained in the experiments indicated varying degrees of efficiency of the several bases studied, with the products benzofenilurea, macrocyclic lactone and fipronil showing the highest levels of efficiency, 100%, 100% and 97.34%, respectively. It was possible to conclude that, for the region studied, there are different degrees of commercial acaricides efficiency, and many present less than 95% effectiveness, value determined as acceptable by the Brazilian legislation.O carrapato Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus é responsável por grandes perdas na pecuária brasileira, principalmente devido à redução no desempenho produtivo dos animais. A resistência do parasita a diferentes classes de acaricidas tem sido amplamente relatada, bem como os problemas de ocorrência de resíduos desses compostos em produtos de origem animal e no ambiente. Esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a eficiência de diversos acaricidas sobre populações de R. (B. microplus provenientes de propriedades rurais da Região Centro-Norte do Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Teleóginas ingurgitadas foram colhidas em diferentes propriedades da região e submetidas a ensaio in vitro de eficiência de acaricidas, baseado na

  7. Etnoictiologia dos pescadores artesanais de Siribinha, município de Conde (Bahia: aspectos relacionados com a etologia dos peixes Ethnoichthyology of artisan fishermen from Siribinha, municipality of Conde (Bahia: aspects related to the ethology of fishes

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    José Geraldo Wanderley Marques

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo registrar o conhecimento etnoictiológico dos pescadores de Siribinha, comunidade pesqueira artesanal localizada na cidade de Conde, litoral norte do estado da Bahia. Neste artigo, a percepção nativa sobre o comportamento dos peixes é observada, especialmente a produção de som, a reprodução e a ecologia trófica. Dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas livres e semi-estruturadas e questionários realizados com 84 informantes de ambos os sexos e de idades variadas. Espécimes de peixes foram coletados, identificados e encontram-se depositados no Laboratório de Ictiologia do Departamento de Biologia da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS. Os pescadores percebem o comportamento dos peixes, classificando-o em 18 etnocategorias etológicas, tais como “peixe que pula”, “peixe que viaja”, “peixe que imanta” e “peixe que faz cama”. Este conhecimento ictiológico tradicional é consistente com o conhecimento ictiológico científico. Tal conhecimento sobre os caracteres etológicos dos peixes é um recurso importante que os pescadores utilizam durante suas atividades de pesca e deveria ser incorporado em estudos de manejo, conservação e utilização racional dos recursos pesqueirosThis paper aimed to record the ethnoichthyological knowledge of fishermen from Siribinha, an artisan fishing community located in the municipality of Conde, northern coast state of Bahia. In this article, the native perception about fish behavior is observed including sound production, reproduction, and trophic ecology. Data were obtained through open and semi-structured interviews, and questionnaires conducted with 84 informants, men and women of varying ages. Fish specimens were collected, identified, and deposited at the Laboratory of Ichthyology of the Department of Biology at Feira de Santana State University (UEFS. Fishermen perceive the fish behavior by classifying it into 18 ethological

  8. Dos especies nuevas de Borreria (Rubiaceae, sinopsis y clave de las especies para Bahia, Brasil Two new species of Borreria (Rubiaceae, synopsis and key to distinguish the species from Bahia, Brazil

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    Elsa Leonor Cabral

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo trata del estudio taxonómico del género Borreria (Rubiaceae para el estado de Bahia, siendo registradas 29 especies. La mayor parte de estas especies habitan en los biomas del cerrado y la mata atlántica. Se describen e ilustran dos especies nuevas, Borreria catolensis E.L. Cabral & L.M. Miguel y B. diamantinae R.M. Salas & E.L. Cabral. Se realiza la nueva combinación, Borreria schumannii (Standl. ex Bacigalupo E.L. Cabral & Sobrado. Se selecciona neotipo para B. virgata. Se elige epitipo para B. scabiosoides y se designa lectotipos para B. eryngioides y B. humifusa. Se presenta clave de identificación, comentarios sobre distribución geográfica y hábitat, se incluyen mapas y un cuadro de distribución de las especies por bioma. Se presenta por primera vez ilustraciones de B. crispata, B. cupularis, B. humifusa, B. virgata y B. wunschmannii. Se discute las identidades de B. ocymoides y B. prostrata, la primera de las cuales es también ilustrada. Se rehabilitan a B. virgata y B. spinosa. Se incluye además dos figuras con 20 especies.This work deals with a taxonomic study of the genus Borreria (Rubiaceae for the state of Bahia, 29 species are recorded. Most of these species are distributed in the cerrado and Atlantic forest biomes. Two new species are described and illustrated, Borreria catolensis E.L. Cabral & L.M. Miguel and Borreria diamantinae R.M. Salas & E.L. Cabral. Th e new combination Borreria schumannii (Standl. ex Bacigalupo E.L. Cabral & Sobrado is proposed. Neotype is designated for B. virgata. Epitype is designated for B. scabiosoides and lectotypes are designated for B. eryngioides and B. humifusa. A key for identification, comments on geographic distribution and habitats are provided, maps and a table with the species distribution for biomes are also included. Borreria crispata, B. cupularis, B. humifusa, B. virgata and B. wunschmannii are illustrated for the first time. The identities of B. ocymoides

  9. Política pública e controle da violência: um estudo de caso na cidade de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Public policy to control violence: a case study in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil

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    Jairnilson Silva Paim

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo analisar a formulação e os desdobramentos preliminares de uma política pública voltada para o controle da violência em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. O referencial teórico utilizado foi o do ciclo das políticas públicas e aportes da "escolha racional". A política pública analisada alcançou os três primeiros níveis do processo de decisão política: o tema foi colocado na agenda pública, esteve presente no discurso de autoridades, foi elaborado um plano no âmbito municipal. A agregação dos distintos atores e setores na estrutura organizacional proposta pelo plano não foi suficiente para incentivar a cooperação entre os indivíduos para agir, conjuntamente, na implantação do plano. Os mecanismos utilizados para sensibilização dos atores não foram suficientes para mobilizá-los para o combate à violência no formato proposto. O processo de formulação de uma política pública deve, também, levar em conta o conjunto de fatores que incentivam e constrangem a cooperação entre os indivíduos para uma ação coletiva na perspectiva do bem comum.The aim of this study was to analyze the formulation and preliminary developments of a public policy to control violence in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. The study's theoretical reference was the cycle of public policies and contributions by "rational choice". The public policy analyzed here reached the first three levels of the political decision-making process: the issue was placed on the public agenda and was present in the discourse of public authorities, and a plan was drafted at the municipal level. The fact that various stakeholders and sectors were convened in the organizational structure proposed by the plan was not sufficient to encourage cooperation among individuals to act jointly in the plan's implementation. The mechanisms used to sensitize the stakeholders were not sufficient to mobilize them for the fight against violence under the proposed

  10. Prevalência da fluorose dentária em escolares de 12 e 15 anos de idade em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil, 2001 Prevalence of dental fluorosis in 12 and 15 years old schoolchildren in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, 2001

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    Maria Cristina Teixeira Cangussu

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi determinar a prevalência da fluorose dentária em uma amostra de 3.313 escolares de 12 e 15 anos em distrito sanitário em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Desenvolveu-se um estudo transversal e os dados foram coletados por sete examinadores (kappa = 0.69, segundo os critérios da OMS (índice de Dean. Informações adicionais como participação em programas, acesso ao dentista, local de moradia dos 0-5 anos de vida, sexo e etnia foram obtidos mediante questionário. Procedeu-se à análise descritiva para o município e para cada distrito. Resultou que 31,4% dos escolares aos 12 anos e 27,6% aos 15 anos apresentavam fluorose, predominando a categoria "muito leve". Foram encontradas diferenças entre os distritos (p This study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental fluorosis in a sample of 3,313 schoolchildren (ages 12 and 15 in a health district in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was developed, and data were collected by seven examiners (kappa = 0.69 according to WHO criteria (the Dean index. Additional information such as participation in programs, access to a dentist, place of residence from 0-5 years of age, sex, and ethnicity were obtained through a questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was performed for the municipality as a whole and for each district. According to the results, 31.4% of the 12-year-olds and 27.6% of the 15-year-olds presented fluorosis, predominantly of the "very mild" type. Differences were found between the districts (p < 0.05. The districts of Pau da Lima and Brotas had the highest percentages of healthy individuals at 12 years of age (81.8% and 81.6%. At 15 years, Subúrbio Ferroviário, Pau da Lima, and Cajazeiras were the districts with the lowest prevalence rates (13.0%, 14.6%, and 13.5%. The district of Liberdade had the highest prevalence (72.4% and 57.3% at 12 and 15 years, respectively, attributed to differences in calibration. Differences were found between the health districts

  11. Transmissão urbana de esquistossomose em crianças de um bairro de Salvador, Bahia Urban transmission of schistosomiasis in children from a neighborhood of Salvador, Bahia

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    Isabel C.S. Guimarães

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Na região do Subúrbio Ferroviário da cidade do Salvador (Bahia, Brasil, foram relatados casos de esquistossomose, e isso motivou este estudo de prevalência em 268 escolares residentes em um dos seus bairros (São Bartolomeu. Em 30,2% das crianças, o exame parasitológico (Kato-Katz foi positivo, com carga parasitária entre 24 a 2.160 ovos de Schistosoma mansoni/g de fezes, predominando entre os meninos e nos maiores de 10 anos de idade. Nas crianças com residências mais próximas das coleções naturais de água, ocorreu maior freqüência de eliminadores de ovos e nela residiam os três únicos casos com a forma hepatosplênica da esquistossomose. Também, todas as 81 crianças com ovos de Schistosoma mansoninas fezes nasceram e sempre residiram na área de estudo. Como nesse bairro há todos os elementos da cadeia epidemiológica do Schistosoma mansoni, são fortes as evidências da transmissão urbana dessa infecção.In the Subúrbio Ferroviário region of Salvador (Bahia, Brasil occurrences of schistosomiasis were found. This fact motivated the investigation of the prevalence of the eggs in a group of 268 resident students in one of its neighborhoods (São Bartolomeu. The parasitological test analyzed by the Kato-Katz methodology, showed positive results in 30.2% of the children, ranging from 24 to 2,160 eggsSchistosoma mansoni/gram of feces. Infection was predominant in boys and in those 10 years old and over. Observation revealed that infection predominated in children that live close to natural water bodies. This region was where the three registered cases of hepatosplenicos occurred. Moreover, all the 81 children infected with Schistosoma mansoni eggs were born and live in the study area. Since this neighborhood presents all the elements of the epidemiological chain of Schistosoma mansoni, the evidences strongly suggests the urban transmission of this infection.

  12. Social inequalities and the rise in violent deaths in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil: 2000-2006 Desigualdades sociais e crescimento das mortes violentas em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil: 2000-2006

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    Luiz Antonio Chaves Viana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An ecological study was carried out using information zones as units of analysis in order to assess the evolution of socio-spatial inequalities in mortality due to external causes and homicides in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil, in 2000 and 2006. The Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - IBGE and the City Health Department (Secretaria Municipal de Saúde provided the data sources, and causes of death were reviewed and reclassified based on reports from the Institute of Legal Medicine (Instituto Médico Legal. The information zones were classified into four social strata according to income and schooling. The ratio between mortality rates (inequality ratio was calculated and confirmed a rise of 98.5% in the homicide rate. In 2000, the risk of death due to external causes and murders in the stratum with the worst living conditions was respectively 1.40 and 1.94 times greater than in the reference stratum. In 2006 these figures were 2.02 and 2.24. The authors discuss the implications for inter-sectoral public policies, based on evidence from the study's findings.Com o objetivo de analisar a evolução das desigualdades socioespaciais na mortalidade por causas externas e homicídios em Salvador, Bahia, Brasil, entre 2000-2006, foi realizado um estudo ecológico, tendo as zonas de informação e estratos sociais como unidades de análise. O Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE e a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde foram fontes de dados. As causas básicas de óbito foram revisadas e reclassificadas com base em relatórios do IML. As zonas de informação foram classificadas em quatro estratos sociais a partir da renda e da escolaridade. Calculou-se a razão entre as taxas de mortalidade (razão de desigualdade. Verificou-se aumento de 98,5% na taxa de homicídios no período. Em 2000, o risco de morte por causas externas e homicídios no estrato de piores condições de vida

  13. Micorriza arbuscular em plantações de Eucalyptus cloeziana F. Muell no litoral norte da Bahia, Brasil Arbuscular mycorrhiza in Eucalyptus cloeziana F. Muell plantations in the north littoral of Bahia, Brazil

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    Cristiano V.M. Araújo

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available As micorrizas arbusculares são de longa data conhecidas e exploradas devido à importância ecológica e aos efeitos no crescimento e na nutrição das plantas. Eucalyptus cloeziana F. Muell, particularmente nas áreas em estudo, apresenta comportamento diferenciado quando comparado com outras espécies de eucaliptos, instalando-se em sítios de solos pobres e textura arenosa, com crescimento reduzido, dificuldades para a formação das mudas e problemas nutricionais. Objetivando avaliar a percentagem de colonização radicular e a densidade de esporos de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em plantações de E. cloeziana, foram realizadas coletas de solo rizosférico e de raízes em 20 áreas, distribuídas em seis municípios do Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Os resultados médios da percentagem de colonização variaram de 10% a 96,66% e a densidade de esporos variou de 3 a 110 esporos/50cm³ de solo, demonstrando a grande suscetibilidade do E. cloeziana à micorrização.The arbuscular mycorrhizal are known and explored long ago due to the ecological significance and the effects in the growth and nutrition of the plants. Eucalyptus cloeziana F. Muell, particularly in the studied sites, exhibit differenced behaviour when compared with other eucaliptus species, establishing in sites of the poor soils and sandy texture, with reduced growth, difficulty to formation of the seedling and nutritional problems. Aiming to evaluate the percentage of mycorrhizal colonization, as well as the density of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spores in E. cloeziana plantations, rhizospheric soil and roots samples were collected in twenty sites, distributed in six municipalities of Bahia state, Brazil. The mean results of percentage root colonization ranged from 10 to 96.66% and spore number ranged from 3 to 110 spores/50cm³ soil, demonstrating high susceptibility of the E. cloeziana to mycorrhization.

  14. Community violence and childhood asthma prevalence in peripheral neighborhoods in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil Violência comunitária e prevalência de asma em crianças na periferia de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

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    Guilherme da Costa Alves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to identify degrees of exposure to community violence reported by parents and guardians of children from four to 12 years of age and the association with childhood asthma symptoms. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,232 parents/guardians in 24 peripheral neighborhoods in Salvador, the capital of Bahia State, Brazil. The authors investigated asthma symptoms in children and acts of violence in the community. More than 75% of parents/guardians had been exposed to community violence in the previous year, with 20% reporting high levels of exposure. Children that were more exposed to violence showed higher asthma prevalence (28.4% as compared to non-exposed children (16.4%. Children exposed to maximum levels of violence were nearly twice as likely to present asthma symptoms (adjusted OR = 1.94; 95%CI: 1.12-3.36. The study highlighted the relevance of community violence as a risk factor for asthma and the need for further research to elucidate methodological issues.O objetivo deste artigo foi identificar o grau de violência comunitária relatado por cuidadores de crianças entre quatro e 12 anos, além da influência dessa exposição na ocorrência de sintomas de asma nas crianças. Realizou-se um estudo transversal com 1.232 cuidadores residentes na cidade de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Investigaram-se sintomas de asma nas crianças e atos violentos na comunidade. Aproximadamente 75% dos cuidadores foram vítimas de violência comunitária no último ano, com 20% convivendo com graus elevados deste fenômeno. Encontrou-se prevalência de 28,4% de sintomas asmáticos entre crianças expostas ao grau máximo de violência, e 16,4% entre as não expostas. Encontrou-se associação estatisticamente significante entre exposição ao nível máximo de violência e ocorrência de sintomas asmáticos (OR ajustada = 1,94; IC95%: 1,12-3,36. Nossos achados sugerem a importância da violência comunitária como um dos fatores de risco

  15. O cotidiano do cuidado infantil em comunidades rurais do Estado da Bahia: uma abordagem qualitativa Day-to-day child care in rural communities in the State of Bahia, Brazil: a qualitative approach

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    Micheli Dantas Soares

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: compreender as experiências e sentidos do cuidado infantil, por quem o agencia no espaço doméstico. MÉTODOS: foi utilizado o aporte teórico oriundo da fenomenologia na análise e interpretação dos textos extraídos das entrevistas semi-estruturadas, realizadas com as responsáveis por prover o cuidado no espaço das 10 unidades domésticas escolhidas, na sua totalidade composta por mulheres. A investigação sobre cuidado infantil foi realizada no município de Caldas de Cipó, Bahia, Brasil. RESULTADOS: entre as várias dimensões do cuidado infantil, o alimentar constitui-se como uma das principais preocupações das agentes, sobretudo pela condição de pobreza em que as mesmas vivem. A garantia da comida conforma o elemento chave do cuidado alimentar. As experiências do cuidar, informadas pelas agentes, dialogam não só com as suas situações biográficas, como também com relações que guardam com o mundo cotidiano, num tempo e espaço particularizados. CONCLUSÕES: pelo sentido existencial que caracteriza o cuidado, os resultados deste estudo sugerem um novo enfoque na condução das políticas e ações de educação em saúde para as mulheres cuidadoras.OBJECTIVES: understand the experience and the meaning of child care for those who practice it in the home. METHODS: a phenomenological theoretical approach was used to analyze and interpret extracts from semi-structured interviews conducted with those responsible for the child care in 10 households in the city of Caldas de Cipó, in the State of Bahia, Brazil. RESULTS: of the various aspects of the child care, nutrition was the one of greatest concern to interviewees, given the conditions of poverty in which they live. The provision of food supplies is a key element of nutrition. The nature of the caring experience was connected not only with the personal history of the individual but also with their relationship to the day-to-day world of a particular time and space

  16. Biologia reprodutiva de Dipsas neivai Amaral e D. catesbyi (Sentzen (Serpentes, Colubridae no sudeste da Bahia, Brasil Reproductive biology in Dipsas neivai and D. catesbyi (Serpentes, Colubridae in southeastern Bahia, Brasil

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    Fátima Q. Alves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A biologia reprodutiva de Dipsas neivai Amaral, 1923 e Dipsas catesbyi (Sentezen, 1796 foi estudada através da dissecção de 261 espécimes de D. neivai e 222 de D. catesbyi. Em D. neivai o macho amadurece com menor tamanho do que a fêmea, ocorrendo o oposto em D. catesbyi. Em ambas as espécies a fêmea atinge maior tamanho corporal que o macho. O tamanho da ninhada variou de um a oito ovos em D. neivai e de um a seis em D. catesbyi, não estando correlacionado com o tamanho da fêmea na última. O ciclo reprodutivo em ambos machos e fêmeas é contínuo, com vitelogênese e espermatogênese ocorrendo ao longo do ano todo. Em Dipsas neivai, a cópula nas fêmeas é dissociado da vitelogênese. D. neivai e D. catesbyi são sintópicas, e reproduzem no mesmo período do ano, o que possivelmente está relacionado à disponibilidade contínua de presas e à pouca variação climática no sudeste da Bahia.The reproductive biology of Dipsas neivai Amaral, 1923 and Dipsas catesbyi (Sentzen, 1796, was studied by dissecting 261 specimens of D. neivai and 222 of D. catesbyi. In D. neivai males mature at smaller body size than females, and in D. catesbyi the opposite was observed. The females were larger than males in both species. The clutch size ranged from one to eight in D. neivai, and one to six in D. catesbyi, but it is not correlated with female length in the last one. Reproductive cycles in both males and females are aseasonal, with vitelogensis and spermatogenesis occurring throughout the year. The couple in females of D. neivai is dissociated from the vitellogenesis. D. neivai and D. catesbyi are syntopic and reproduce in the same time of the year, which is possibly related to the continuous availability of prey and little climate variation in southern Bahia.

  17. Experimental study of the uranium mobility due to the weathering action at the uraniferous district of Caetite/Lagoa Real, Bahia, Brazil; Estudo experimental da mobilidade do uranio por acao intemperica, distrito uranifero de Caetite/Lagoa Real, Bahia, Brasil

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    Scislewski, Alexandro Rocha

    2004-01-15

    In the present research, the proposal was to develop a preliminary study about the geochemical behavior of determined chemical elements, mainly the uranium, during the action of weathering processes in the rocks that bear the uranium mineralizations of the Caetite-Lagoa Real region, State of Bahia, more specifically of the Jazida Cachoeira uranium mine. To reach this purpose were used samples that represent several stages of the milling process of the uranium ore, so selecting representatives of the host rock, the ore and the treated ore (waste from the milling plant) to be used in the laboratory-controlled experiments. The samples were dried, sieved and finally introduced in the reactors, these adapted from the Flow-Through Reactor of Brantley and Chen. In the geochemical point of view, the results of the experiments showed a distinct behavior between the samples. It was observed that the treated ore, in relation to the host rocks of the ore and the own ore, shown a faster and homogeneous interaction with the leaching solution; it was also noted that in the output solution of the treated ore samples existed a significant complexation of the uranium by the sulfate (S0{sub 4}{sup -2}), ), instead of the non treated samples (host rock and ore) that were complexed mainly by the carbonate (C0{sub 3}{sup -2}). These different results are attributed to the alterations imposed to the rock during the milling process, and occur mainly, during the acid attack in the leaching process of the milling plant. The results and conclusions of this research, in spite of been preliminary, are essential to understand the behavior of the geochemical speciation of the effluent solutions; to understand the alterations of a rock matrix, and finally, to understand the migration chemical behavior of the related chemical elements. It is expected that these results contribute, in the future, to a deeper knowledge of the processes that control the chemical composition of the natural waters from

  18. Estimativa dos impactos econômicos decorrentes de eventual introdução do huanglongbing (HLB no estado da Bahia

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    José Mário Carvalhal de Oliveira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A Bahia é o segundo mais importante Estado produtor de citros do Brasil, responsável por 5,5% da produção do País. 80% da produção vem de propriedades de base familiar, as quais dependem desse cultivo para seu sustento econômico. O Huanglongbing (HLB nunca foi registrado na Bahia, mas está disseminando-se em outros três Estados do Brasil (São Paulo, Paraná e Minas Gerais, um dos quais faz fronteira com a Bahia. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo estimar o impacto econômico potencial de uma eventual introdução do HLB na Bahia. Foram utilizados os modelos de Gompertz e logístico associados a diferentes estratos de idade das plantas para estimar, respectivamente, a evolução da incidência e da severidade da doença no parque citrícola baiano, num horizonte de 20 anos. O progresso da doença foi usado para estimar os danos à produção em três cenários. No cenário-base (A, os esforços da agência estadual de defesa agropecuária previniria a entrada do HLB. No cenário B, a doença seria introduzida e não haveria esforços para seu controle, levando a uma disseminação nos anos seguintes. No cenário C, após a detecção da doença, os produtores adotariam medidas de controle: eliminação de plantas sintomáticas e supressão das populações do inseto vetor. Os custos do controle foram calculados considerando-se a necessidade de pulverizações, inspeções periódicas e eliminação das plantas doentes. O valor presente líquido (VPL foi usado para comparar os três cenários. Os resultados indicam que as perdas seriam muito significativas caso o HLB fosse introduzido na Bahia. Assim sendo, se as medidas de controle não fossem aplicadas, os prejuízos poderiam superar R$1,8 bilhão.

  19. Conflitos socioambientais: o caso da carcinicultura no complexo estuarino Caravelas - Nova Viçosa/Bahia-Brasil

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    Henrique Machado Dias

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o contexto de um conflito socioambiental no município de Caravelas, extremo sul da Bahia/Brasil, a partir da proposta de implantação do que seria o maior empreendimento de produção de camarão exótico do país, em importante região socioeconômica e ambiental associada ao banco coralíneo dos Abrolhos. Parte do pressuposto de que a carência de políticas públicas definidoras dos parâmetros decisórios do financiamento de projetos de carcinicultura tem permitido que empreendimentos sejam implantados desequilibrando o meio ambiente, sem apontar alternativas produtivas sustentáveis, a partir da geração de trabalho e de produção de alimentos. A metodologia qualitativa adotou a observação participante e o trabalho de campo objetivando identificar os danos ambientais provenientes da carcinicultura e relacioná-los aos fatores que colaboram para perpetuação desses modelos predatórios e para constituição de movimentos de resistência, visando a identificar as potencialidades locais e os possíveis caminhos de uma gestão socioambiental sustentável.This article analyzes a socioenvironmental conflict in the municipality of Caravelas, Bahia / Brazil. The studied conflict emerged from the proposal for the establishment of what would become the largest shrimp farm in Brazil. The proposed area for the establishment of the shrimp farm was part of an important socioeconomic and environmental region associated to the Abrolhos Coral Reef Bank. It assumes that the lack of public policies that define the parameters of the decision-making for financing shrimp farming projects has allowed the establishment of shrimp farms along the Brazilian coast, without pointing sustainable productive alternatives, which consider the generation of employment and food production. The qualitative methodology adopted participant observation and fieldwork aiming to identify the environmental damage associated to shrimp farming and relate them

  20. Progressão da circulação do vírus do dengue no Estado da Bahia, 1994-2000 Progression of dengue virus circulation in the State of Bahia, Brazil, 1994-2000

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    Maria Suely Silva Melo

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A força da reemergência do vírus do dengue e a gravidade destas infecções colocaram esta doença na agenda de prioridades das instituições responsáveis pela proteção à saúde das populações. Aspecto importante para a compreensão da epidemiologia do dengue nos dias atuais refere-se ao conhecimento dos padrões da difusão espaço-temporal, entretanto são escassas as investigações que abordam esta questão. Este estudo descreve o processo de difusão do dengue no estado da Bahia, de 1994 a 2000. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo ecológico espaço-temporal, tendo como unidades de análise município, semana epidemiológica, mês, trimestre e ano. Procedeu-se construção da curva de tendência e realizou-se mapeamento seqüencial da ocorrência de dengue por município para o período. RESULTADOS: Foram notificados 164.050 casos de dengue e a introdução desse vírus na Bahia, diferentemente de outros estados, se deu por um município de pequeno porte, constatando-se intermitência temporal e espacial nos registros de casos no início desta epidemia. Contudo, a partir de 1995 o processo de difusão da doença se deu de forma rápida e intensa. O vírus circulou em todas as zonas climáticas do estado o que revela o seu elevado poder de transmissão. A maior intensidade de detecção de casos e expansão territorial foi nas regiões úmidas e semi-úmidas do litoral, ideais para a sobrevivência e proliferação do vetor, e também, por serem mais densamente povoadas. CONCLUSÕES: Hipoteticamente, o padrão espaço-temporal intermitente de detecção de casos observado inicialmente, poderia permitir o controle da progressão da epidemia, caso houvesse ações de combate vetorial estruturadas.INTRODUCTION: The strength of the re-emergence of dengue virus and the severity of these infections put this disease in the priority agenda of the institutions responsible for protecting the health of populations. Important for

  1. Infraestrutura de biossegurança para agentes biológicos em hospitais do sul do Estado da Bahia, Brasil Infraesctructura de bioseguridad para los agentes biológicos en hospitales del sur del Estado de Bahia, Brasil Biosecurity infrastructure for biological agents in hospitals from the south of Bahia State, Brazil

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    Maridalva de Souza Penteado

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi descrever a infraestrutura de biossegurança em hospitais localizados na Região Sul do Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Tratou-se de um estudo descritivo-exploratório realizado em comissões de controle de infecções hospitalares e comissão institucional de prevenção a acidentes quanto à existência de normas escritas, realização de treinamentos para essas mesmas preconizações, existência de registros institucionais concernentes à biossegurança e existência de práticas de atenção à saúde dos profissionais e isolamentos de pacientes. Os hospitais são comparados segundo a presença de cada um dos itens analisados de acordo com sua classificação por porte, vinculação jurídico-financeira, dentre outras. Conclui-se que a situação geral é precária quanto à presença dos itens investigados, o que impele a considerar a necessidade de que se leve em conta, numa análise de qualidade hospitalar, também o cuidado com a vida dos seus trabalhadores.El objetivo del estudio fue describir la infraestructura de bioseguridad en hospitales de la Región Sur del Estado de Bahia, Brasil. Fue realizada una investigación descriptiva-exploratória en las comisiones de control de infecciones hospitalarios y en las comisiónes institucionales de prevención de accidentes sobre la existencia de normas escritas, la realización de entrenamientos para esas mismas preconizaciones, la existencia de registros institucionales concernientes a la bioseguridad, la existencia de practicas de atención a la salud de los profesionales y apartamiento de pacientes. Los hospitales son son comparados según la presencia de cada uno de los itens analizados en conformidad con su porte, vinculación jurídico financiera, entre otras. Se concluye que la situación general es precaria cuanto a la presencia de los itens investigados, lo que lleva a considerar la necesidad de que se lleve en cuenta, la análisis de la calidad hospitalario, tambi

  2. Necessidades de mulheres no puerpério imediato em uma maternidade pública de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Necesidades de mujeres en el puerperio inmediato en una maternidad pública de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil Women's needs in immediate puerperium in a public maternity in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Mariza Silva Almeida

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivando identificar as necessidades de puérperas que demandam cuidados de enfermagem e compreender como elas percebem os cuidados de enfermagem durante sua permanência no Alojamento Conjunto, realizamos uma pesquisa descritiva com dados qualitativos, orientados pela perspectiva de gênero. Entrevistamos 25 mulheres que se encontravam internadas em unidade de Alojamento Conjunto de uma maternidade pública de Salvador-Bahia. A análise de conteúdo na modalidade temática conduziu-nos à apreensão de duas categorias: a necessidade de acolhimento e necessidade de cuidados físicos. O resultado deste estudo aponta para a necessidade de modificações na prática e no modo de cuidar da enfermagem, não somente nos procedimentos técnicos, mas também na incorporação de valores e iniciativas humanizadoras do cuidado.Con el objetivo de identificar las necesidades de puérperas que demandan cuidados de enfermería y comprender cómo perciben los cuidados de enfermería durante su permanencia en el Alojamiento Conjunto, se llevó a cabo una investigación descriptiva con datos cualitativos, orientados por la perspectiva de género. Para tal efecto entrevistamos a 25 mujeres que se encontraban internadas en una unidad de Alojamiento Conjunto de una maternidade pública de Salvador-Bahia. El análisis de contenido en la modalidad temática nos condujo a la aprehensión de dos categorías: la necesidad de acogida y la necesidad de cuidados físicos. El resultado de este estudio apunta hacia la necesidad de modificaciones en la práctica y en el modo de cuidar de la enfermería, no sólo en los procedimientos técnicos, sino también en la incorporación de valores e iniciativas humanizadoras del cuidado.In order to identify women's needs in their immediate puerperium and to understand their perception of the nursing care they received during this period, the authors developed a descriptive study with qualitative data in a gender perspective

  3. Inatividade física no lazer em jovens de Feira de Santana, Bahia Inactividad física en el ocio en jóvenes de Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brasil Physical inactivity in the leisure-time in young people from Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil

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    Luzana Cirqueira Rios

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de inatividade física no lazer entre os jovens. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico de corte transversal com amostra constituída de 1.400 jovens entre 15 e 29 anos, residentes na zona urbana de Feira de Santana, Bahia. As atividades físicas e de lazer foram avaliadas por meio de um questionário estruturado, que abordou frequência, tipo, motivo e esforço envolvido. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 63,3% (n=795 eram inativos fisicamente no seu tempo de lazer, sendo que a prevalência foi maior entre as mulheres (pOBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de inactividad física en el ocio entre los jóvenes. MÉTODOS: Estudio epidemiológico de corte transversal con muestra constituida por 1.400 jóvenes entre 15 y 29 años, residentes en el área urbana de Feira de Santana, Bahia (Brasil. Las actividades físicas y de ocio fueron evaluadas por medio de un cuestionario estructurado, que abordó frecuencia, tipo, motivo y esfuerzo implicado. RESULTADOS: De los entrevistados, el 63,3% (n=795 eran inactivos físicamente en su tiempo de ocio, siendo que la prevalencia fue mayor entre las mujeres (pOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of physical inactivity during leisure-time among adolescents and young adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted among 1,400 young people aged 15-29 years living in the urban area of Feira de Santana, Northeast, Brazil. Physical activities and entertainment were assessed using a structured questionnaire, which addressed the frequency, type, reason, and effort involved. RESULTS: Among interviewed individuals 63.3% (n=795 were considered physically inactive concerning leisure activities. Prevalence was higher among women (p<0.001 and among those 10 to 24 years old (p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The young population of Feira de Santana city, Brazil, presented an elevated rate of physical inactivity during leisure. Public policies directed to health promotion among adolescents and

  4. Annual variation in canopy openness, air temperature and humidity inthe understory of three forested sites in southern Bahia State, Brazil

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    Marayana Prado Pinheiro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at contributing to the knowledge of physical factors affecting community structure in Atlantic Forest remnants of southern Bahia state, Brazil, we analyzed the annual variation in the understory microclimate of a hillside forest fragment in the ‘Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Serra do Teimoso’ (RST and a rustic cacao agroforestry system (Cabruca, located nearby the RST. Canopy openness (CO, air temperature (Ta, air relative humidity (RH and vapor pressure deficit (VPD data were collected between April, 2005 and April, 2006 at the base (RSTB, 340 m and the top (RSTT, 640 m of the RST and at the Cabruca (CB, 250 m. Data of rainfall, Ta, RH and VPD were also collected in an open area (OA, 270 m. The highest rainfalls (> 100 mm occurred in November, 2005 and April, 2006, whereas October, 2005 was the driest month (< 20 mm. CO ranged between 2.5 % in the CB (April, 2006 and 7.7 % in the RST (October, 2005. Low rainfall in October, 2005 affected VPDmax in all sites. Those effects were more pronounced in OA, followed by CB, RSTB and RSTT. During the period of measurements, the values of Ta, RH and VPD in CB were closer to the values measured in OA than to the values measured inside the forest.

  5. Prevalence and factors associated with excessive weight gain in pregnancy in health units in the southwest of Bahia.

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    Magalhães, Elma Izze da Silva; Maia, Daniela Santana; Bonfim, Carla Fabrícia Araújo; Netto, Michele Pereira; Lamounier, Joel Alves; Rocha, Daniela da Silva

    2015-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of excessive gestational weekly weight gain and to identify its association with demographic, socioeconomic, obstetric, anthropometric, and behavioral characteristics. This cross-sectional study included 328 pregnant women attending all health units in the urban area of Vitória da Conquista, Bahia. The data were collected from May 2010 to June 2011. The weekly weight gain was evaluated according to the current recommendations of the Institute of Medicine. The association among the studied factors and the excessive weekly weight gain was observed in pregnant women in the second and third trimesters, using the Poisson regression with robust variance. The prevalence rate of excessive weekly weight gain in pregnant women in the second and third trimesters was found to be 42.5%. The determinants of excessive weekly weight gain were family income < 1 minimum wage (PR: 2.65; 95%CI 1.18 - 4.83) and pregestational weight status overweight/obesity (PR: 1.33; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.75). The results emphasize the importance of monitoring the weight gain during pregnancy. The evaluation of the weekly weight gain enables early interventions with the goal of preventing the excessive total weight gain and its consequences for both the mother and the child.

  6. [Work and psychological distress among public school teachers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia State, Brazil].

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    dos Reis, Eduardo José Farias Borges; Carvalho, Fernando Martins; de Araújo, Tânia Maria; Porto, Lauro Antônio; Silvany Neto, Annibal Muniz

    2005-01-01

    A cross-sectional study with all the teachers in the municipal school system in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia State, Brazil, investigated the association between work content (psychological demand and control over work) and the occurrence of minor psychiatric disorders (MPD) among teachers. The Karasek demand-control model was used to evaluate control over work. The Self-Report Questionnaire-20 was used to evaluate minor psychiatric disorders. MPD prevalence was 55.9% among the 808 teachers studied. Crude prevalence of MPD showed a positive and significant association with psychological demand and a negative and significant association with control over work. MPD prevalence was higher in teachers with highly demanding work, characterized by heavy demand and low control (PR = 1.74; 95%CI: 1.44-2.10), and in those with active work, with heavy demand and low control (PR = 1.35; 95%CI: 1.13-1.61), as compared to teachers with low-demand work (light demand and high control), after adjusting for confounders in a multiple logistic regression model. As a conclusion, teachers' mental health is strongly associated with their work content.

  7. [Missed opportunity for timely diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in Afrodescendant communities in the southwest of the state of Bahia, Brazil].

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    Souza, Cláudio Lima; Barroso, Sabrina Martins; Guimarães, Mark Drew Crosland

    2014-06-01

    The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of missed opportunities for timely diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in Afrodescendant communities in Vitoria da Conquista in the state of Bahia. It involved a population-based cross-sectional study based on a probability sample (n=797), where 548 individuals were eligible for analysis considering the risk criteria: age of 45 years old and above, increased Body Mass Index and hypertension. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was estimated at 42.6%. Logistic regression indicated the following statistically associated factors: self-assessed good/very good health conditions; not measuring blood pressure and not consulting with a physician in the past twelve months; and poor access to health services. The high prevalence was associated with factors related to low utilization and poor access to health services. Actions for the diagnosis and prevention of diabetes should prioritize populations at risk, including better education and training of family health care teams, and improvement of attendance at health care units. Enhanced integration between primary and secondary health care actions can positively impact early diagnosis, treatment and reduction of potential complications associated with diabetes in this population.

  8. Geochemistry of Dissolved Trace Metals in the Waters of Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Pacific Coast, Mexico

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    Suresh Babu, S.

    2016-12-01

    Forty two samples were acquired from the surface and bottom water profiles along 5 transects spread over Bahia Magdalena lagoon, Baja California Sur to assess the behavior of trace metals in a high influenced upwelling region on the Pacific coast. To elaborate the fate of metals, also the physico-chemical parameters (pH, temperature, salinity, conductivity, dissolved oxygen). Determination of the concentrations of trace metals (Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Co, Pb, Ni, Zn, Cd As, Hg) were measured using Atomic absorption spectrometry. The results demonstrated high values of As, Ni and Co which is attributed to the local geology and phosphate deposits. Low values of Fe and Mn are attested to the oxic conditions of the lagoon which are responsible for the oxidation of Fe and Mn. The region witnesses raised temperatures (28.92ºC) and salinities of 35.2 PSU for its arid climatic conditions and high rates of evaporation. In general, the region presented minor quantities of dissolved trace metals due to dispersion and high intense interaction with the open sea. The results were also compared with other studies to understand the enrichment pattern in this side of the pacific coast which experiences various geothermal activities and upwelling phenomenon.

  9. Influence of Tropical Cyclones Period 1970 TO 2010 IN the Region of Bahia de Banderas, Nayarit-Jalisco Mexico

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    Hernandez, J. M.

    2013-12-01

    This study evaluates the impacts of tropical cyclones (TC) that made landfall in populated areas along the Pacific coast of Mexico, especially in the region of Bahia de Banderas. During the period of 1970-2010 and used a database of international natural disasters to identify impacts. Were more than 13 events during the reporting period, of which 10 are examined more precipitation accumulated and 6 that caused further damage to the affected population in these cases ranged from 5000 to more than 15 000 inhabitants. Strong winds and heavy rainfall in periods of one to three days were associated with property damage and loss of life. The results of the study indicate that excessive accumulations of rain and daily intensity are important factors connected with the occurrence of disasters in densely populated areas. Six of the first 10 Tropical Cyclone associated with major disasters occurred in conditions of El Niño and four neutral conditions. With the analysis of satellite images using GOES-10 in the IDV software maps were obtained in the coastal impacts of Banderas Bay and describes the main features of each meteorological phenomena. In which concludes that no tropical cyclone entered directly to the Banderas Bay region, but its effects were very relevant, taking into account the topography, land use change and the vulnerability of the region. Tropical Cyclones that have affected the region of Bay of Banderas

  10. The Barreiras Group in the Northeastern coast of the State of Bahia, Brazil: depositional mechanisms and processes

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    VILAS BÔAS GERALDO S.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The Barreiras Group is a Miocene to Lower Pleistocene continental terrigenous sedimentary deposit exhibiting a large occurrence along the Brazilian coast. In the Conde region, located in the northeastern part of the State of Bahia, the sedimentological characteristics of these sediments are indicative of a deposition as gravelly and sandy bed load in braided fluvial systems, related to alluvial fans, under an arid to semi-arid climate. The basal portion of the group is dominated by a gravelly-sandy lithofacies deposited by debris flows and pseudoplastic debris flows, with lesser occurrences of subaqueous deposits, characterizing a proximal fluvial system deposition. The upper portion is made up of gravelly-sandy sediments that include subaqueous, debris flows and pseudoplastic debris flows deposits. They suggest deposition in a more distal zone as indicated by the larger occurrence of subaqueous deposits and the presence, though rare, of downstream-accretion macroforms. Besides the climate control, deposition of the Barreiras Group was strongly influenced by the intraplate tectonism, which has been affecting the South America Platform since the Middle Miocene, when neotectonism began in Brazil.

  11. Reproductive cycle of Tagelus plebeius (Mollusca: Bivalvia in the estuary of the Cachoeira River, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil

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    LO. Ceuta

    Full Text Available This study characterized the reproductive cycle of the stout razor clam Tagelus plebeius in the estuary of the Cachoeira River, Ilhéus, Bahia, northeastern Brazil. Samples of 20 animals per collection were taken biweekly from August 2005 to August 2006. The 480 specimens were measured on the antero-posterior axis (length and then removed from the shell. After macroscopic analysis, the gonads were fixed in Davidson's solution, processed by routine histology and stained by Harris hematoxylin and eosin. The gonads of both males and females appeared milky white, without sexual dimorphism. Microscopic analyses indicated a M: F ratio of 1.06: 1 and continuous reproduction of T. plebeius in the region. The period from August to October showed the most intense spawning. This study provides another example of continuous reproduction of bivalves in tropical waters, and because this species is a heavily exploited fishery resource in the region, it draws attention to the need for a management plan aimed at reducing harvests.

  12. A trajetória da criação dos Bacharelados Interdisciplinares na Universidade Federal da Bahia

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    Renata Meira Veras

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo A presente pesquisa tem como proposta investigar as bases históricas da Universidade e analisar suas influências para o surgimento dos cursos Bacharelados Interdisciplinares na Universidade Federal da Bahia. Foi realizada uma revisão de literatura com o objetivo de compreender com maior clareza as novas contingências políticas, sociais e educacionais brasileiras que demandaram uma reformulação na arquitetura curricular e pedagógica, adequando-as à realidade do ensino superior no século XXI. A criação dos Bacharelados Interdisciplinares, pautada no sistema de ciclos, almeja responder as atuais demandas contemporâneas que necessitam, cada vez mais, de uma integração entre as várias áreas do conhecimento. Neste sentido, este estudo aponta para a necessidade de construção de uma nova Universidade, através da restruturação dos currículos universitários e do processo de autonomia do graduando em seu percurso formativo, fundamentado na epistemologia interdisciplinar com pilares coerentes com as novas demandas da atualidade.

  13. Prevalence of behavior problems and associated factors in preschool children from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Letícia M. dos Santos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To identify the prevalence of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preschoolers from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil, and their associations with maternal mental health and family characteristics.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study of 349 children aged 49 to 72 months, randomly selected from 20,000 households representing the range of socioeconomic and environmental conditions in Salvador. In 1999, we assessed sociodemographic variables and family environment characteristics. In 2001, we used the Child Behavior Checklist to measure and describe the frequencies of behavior problems. We conducted bivariate and multivariate analysis to estimate associations between family and maternal factors and prevalence of behavior problems.Results:The overall prevalence of behavior problems was 23.5%. The prevalence of internalizing problems was 9.7%, and that of externalizing problems, 25.2%. Behavior problems were associated with several maternal mental health variables, namely: presence of at least one psychiatric diagnosis (odds radio [OR] 3.01, 95%CI 1.75-5.18, anxiety disorder (OR 2.06, 95%CI 1.20-3.46, affective disorder (OR 2.10, 95%CI 1.21-3.65, and mental health disorders due to use of psychoactive substances (OR 2.31, 95%CI 1.18-4.55.Conclusion:The observed prevalence of child behavior problems fell within the range reported in previous studies. Maternal mental health is an important risk factor for behavior problems in preschool-aged children.

  14. Análisis multifactorial de los factores de riesgo de bajo peso al nacer en Salvador, Bahia

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    Solla Jorge José Santos Pereira

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio constituye un análisis multifactorial de los factores de riesgo de bajo peso al nacer en un grupo de recién nacidos en una zona urbana del Brasil. Se incluyeron en el estudio un total de 1 023 nacidos vivos, dados a luz en cuatro maternidades de Salvador, Bahia, entre julio de 1987 y febrero de 1988. Las fuentes de información fueron las historias clínicas y las entrevistas con las madres en la maternidad. El análisis se realizó mediante regresión logística. En el modelo final los factores de riesgo incluidos fueron los siguientes: edad materna menos de 21 años o más de 35; edad gestacional menos de 38 semanas; resultado desfavorable del embarazo anterior; intervalo intergenésico previo de 12 meses o menos; tabaquismo; e hipertensión. Se presentan los valores del riesgo atribuible poblacional para los factores de riesgo incluidos en el modelo final. Esos factores deben emplearse para detectar a las gestantes con alto riesgo de dar a luz un niño de bajo peso, a las que debe brindarse mayor atención prenatal.

  15. Tuberculosis incidence among people living with HIV/AIDS with virological failure of antiretroviral therapy in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Monaliza Cardozo Rebouças

    Full Text Available Abstract Antiretroviral therapy for HIV has led to increased survival of HIV-infected patients. However, tuberculosis remains the leading opportunistic infection and cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS. Tuberculosis has been shown to be a good predictor of virological failure in this group. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of tuberculosis and its consequences among individuals diagnosed with virological failure of HIV. This was a retrospective cohort study involving people living with HIV/AIDS being followed-up in an AIDS reference center in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Individuals older than 18 years with HIV infection on antiretroviral therapy for at least six months, diagnosed with virological failure (HIV-RNA greater than or equal to 1000 copies/mL, from January to December 2013 were included. Tuberculosis was diagnosed according to the criteria of the Brazilian Society of Pneumology. Fourteen out of 165 (8.5% patients developed tuberculosis within two years of follow-up (incidence density = 4.1 patient-years. Death was directly related to tuberculosis in 6/14 (42.9%. A high incidence and tuberculosis-related mortality was observed among patients with virological failure. Diagnosis of and prophylaxis for tuberculosis in high-incidence countries such as Brazil is critical to decrease morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV/AIDS.

  16. Frequency of antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora caninum in domestic cats in the state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Iris Daniela Santos de Meneses

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Sarcocystis neurona is the major agent of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. It infects several mammalian species in the Americas, where the definitive hosts, marsupials of the genus Didelphis (D. virginiana and D. albiventris are found. Domestic cats are one of the confirmed intermediate hosts of the parasite; however, antibodies against S. neurona had never before been demonstrated in Brazilian cats. The aim of this study was to determine whether cats in Bahia, Brazil, are exposed to the parasite. A total of 272 feline serum samples (134 from feral and 138 from house cats were subjected to an indirect fluorescent antibody test using cultured merozoites of S. neurona as antigen. Positivity was detected in 4.0% (11/272 of the tested samples, with titers ranging from 25 to 800. The feline sera were also tested for antibodies against the protozoan Neospora caninum, with an observed antibody frequency of 2.9%. To the author's knowledge, this is the first study to report antibodies against S. neurona in Brazilian cats. We conclude that cats are exposed to the parasite in the region of this study. Further investigations are needed to confirm the role of cats in the transmission cycle of S. neurona in Brazil.

  17. Structural variations among monocot emergent and amphibious species from lakes of the semi-arid region of Bahia, Brazil

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    KRB Leite

    Full Text Available Temporary lakes are common in the semi-arid region of the State of Bahia and form water mirrors in the rainy season. In this period, various vegetal species appear having different life forms adapted to the seasonality conditions of the rainfall regime. This work surveyed the adaptive anatomical structures of some emergent and amphibious monocot species occurring in these lakes. We studied the anatomy of roots, rhizomes, leaves and scapes of Cyperus odoratus, Oxycaryum cubense, Pycreus macrostachyos (Cyperaceae - amphibious species; and of Echinodorus grandiflorus (Alismataceae, Eichhornia paniculata (Pontederiaceae and Habenaria repens (Orchidaceae - emergent species. The anatomical features of the dermal, fundamental and vascular systems confirming the tendency of the adaptive convergence of these plants to temporary lacustrine the environment include: single layered epidermal cells with a thin cuticle layer in the aerial organs; the presence of air canals in all the organs; few or no supporting tissues; and less numerous conducting elements and thinner cell walls in the xylem. The reduction of the supporting tissues, the number of stomata, which can even be absent, and the number of conducting elements and the degree of cell wall lignification in the xylem of the emergent species is more accentuated than that of the amphibious species. The pattern of distribution of aerenchyma in the roots of the studied species was considered important to distinguish between amphibious and emergent life forms.

  18. Development and validation of models predicting the toxicity of major seawater ions to the mysid shrimp, Americamysis bahia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillard, David A; DuFresne, Doree L; Mickley, Mike C

    2002-10-01

    The concentration and balance of major ions that comprise total dissolved solids (TDS) can influence the toxicity of effluents discharged to freshwater and marine environments. An additional complicating factor in waters released to saltwater systems is the effluent salinity since the toxicity of major ions changes with the salinity of the test solution. A study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of six major seawater ions (bicarbonate, borate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sulfate) to the mysid shrimp, Americamysis bahia, at salinities of 10 and 20/1000. Logistic regression models were developed to predict organism survival at deficient and excess concentrations of the ions. Calcium and potassium caused significant mortality to mysid shrimp in both excess and deficient (relative to artificial seawater) solutions. Bicarbonate, borate, and magnesium displayed significant toxicity only in excess concentrations, while sulfate had no adverse impacts at any of the concentrations tested. As the salinity of the test solutions decreased, mysid shrimp tolerated increasingly lower calcium and potassium concentrations. Similarly, as salinity increased, the upper tolerance levels of calcium, potassium, and magnesium also increased. The models developed during these studies, and similar models developed by other researchers, were used to evaluate 11 actual effluents with unexplained toxicity that might be associated with TDS ions. The models correctly identified calcium as the primary toxicant in 9 of the 11 effluents. These results indicate the models can be used as an important tool to identify toxicity associated with major seawater ions.

  19. Parasites in the mangrove oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae cultivated in the estuary of the Graciosa River in Taperoá, Bahia

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    Aliane Watanabe Cova

    Full Text Available In this work, parasites associated with the mangrove oyster Crassostrea rhizophorae were studied at a cultivation unit in the estuary of the Graciosa River in Taperoá, Bahia. On a monthly basis, between April 2011 and March 2012, 20 oysters were collected, measured and fixed in 10% formaldehyde. In order to identify the parasites, routine histological techniques were used. The specimens were embedded in paraffin and sections, 7 µm thick, were cut. These were then stained with Harris hematoxylin and eosin and were examined using an optical microscope. The parameters analyzed to investigate water quality showed that the temperature ranged from 23.9 °C to 29.3 °C, water salinity from 0.4 to 24.2 Practical Salinity Units PSU and recorded rainfall from 80 mm to 406.4 mm/month. During the parasitological analyses, infestation of the polychaete Neanthes succinea was observed in 41% of the oysters. Through histological techniques, the following parasites were identified: colonies of Rickettsia-like organisms (RLOs; the protozoa Nematopsis sp. and Ancistrocoma sp.; the turbellarian Urastoma sp.; the metacestode Tylocephalum sp. and an unidentified tapeworm. The data collected showed that there was low-intensity infection with and prevalence of parasites, except for Nematopsis sp., thus attesting that these cultivated oysters were in a healthy condition.

  20. Reproductive cycle of Tagelus plebeius (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the estuary of the Cachoeira River, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceuta, L O; Boehs, G

    2012-08-01

    This study characterized the reproductive cycle of the stout razor clam Tagelus plebeius in the estuary of the Cachoeira River, Ilhéus, Bahia, northeastern Brazil. Samples of 20 animals per collection were taken biweekly from August 2005 to August 2006. The 480 specimens were measured on the antero-posterior axis (length) and then removed from the shell. After macroscopic analysis, the gonads were fixed in Davidson's solution, processed by routine histology and stained by Harris hematoxylin and eosin. The gonads of both males and females appeared milky white, without sexual dimorphism. Microscopic analyses indicated a M: F ratio of 1.06: 1 and continuous reproduction of T. plebeius in the region. The period from August to October showed the most intense spawning. This study provides another example of continuous reproduction of bivalves in tropical waters, and because this species is a heavily exploited fishery resource in the region, it draws attention to the need for a management plan aimed at reducing harvests.

  1. Analysis of Cookiecutter shark Isistius spp. (Squaliformes; Dalatiidae bites in cetaceans (Mammalia; Cetacea on the Bahia coast, northeastern Brazil

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    Cláudio L. S. Sampaio

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Few studies have registered signs of mutilation on cetaceans in Brazil, especially from shark attacks. This work describes interactions between cookiecutter sharks Isistius spp. and cetaceans through the analysis of bite records for cetacean carcasses washed ashore on the Bahia coast between 1996 and 2005. Twenty bite records were analyzed in 13 cetacean species, of which the Delphinidae family was the most frequent. After the analysis, Isistius plutodus was identified as the aggressor species on 80% of the records, followed by I. brasiliensis (20%, based on the characteristic shape of the mutilations. The areas most subject to attack in cetaceans were: flanks 40%; head and abdomen 20% each; dorsal 15%; and genital with 5%. The relatively high number of bites on the flanks was probably due to its larger area, which offered greater opportunities to the cookiecutter shark. At least three bite records were related to the possible causes of strandings in delphinids. We recommend further studies on interactions between sharks and cetaceans along the Brazilian coast.

  2. Center for information management and intelligence of the School of Public Legal Defense of the State of Bahia

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    Barbara Coelho Neves

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the experience report about the implementation of the Center for Information Management and Intelligence administered by the Library of the Public Defender of the State of Bahia. The Center aims to corroborate the information stock, based on capturing the tacit knowledge of public Defenders of DPE. Aspires to social inclusion and the preservation of memory used in human rights activities defensoriais developed. The biggest benefit of creating the Center for Information Management and Intelligence is to provide the availability of information gained by the defenders in a structured way, to all persons interested in the topics defensoriais seized through legal experiences, conferences, training courses, seminars, workshops , Among others. The Center for Information Management and Intelligence of the DPE Library is an important way to efficiently connect "those who know" with those who "need to know" and converting personal knowledge into the organization's memory. For this, the proposal develops the collection, storage, management and dissemination of knowledge with a methodology based on models of the authors Nonaka and Takeuchi, with the help of teenagers "apprentices" in fulfillment of socio-educational measure the Mother City Foundation.

  3. Primeiro curso de Educação Física na Bahia - trajetórias e personagens

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    Roberto Gondim Pires

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este texto trata da criação do primeiro curso superior em Educação Física na Bahia e objetiva apresentar seus bastidores, para perceber seus movimentos políticos e acadêmicos. Como metodologia, trabalhamos com os aspectos teórico-metodológicos da História cultural, com foco na história oral, entrevistando pessoas envolvidas com a fundação do Curso. Os dados das fontes orais foram compreendidos como "versões do passado", socialmente situados, articulados com o obtido em documentos e na literatura especializada. Como resultados, identificamos: articulação política externa à Universidade e uso de recursos públicos para fundação do curso; preconceitos institucionais com a Educação Física; coesão no processo de criação e influência da Escola Nacional de Educação Física e Desportos.

  4. COPING OF RISK FACTORS IN HYPERTENSIVE USERS OF A FAMILY HEALTH UNIT IN FEIRA DE SANTANA, BAHIA

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    Kele Cristina Santos Barbosa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to understand the occurrence of risk factors in hypertensive patients of a Family Health Unit (Short in Portuguese USF of Feira de Santana, Bahia, and demonstrate the importance of USF team in the diagnosis of arterial hypertension, control of risk factors and health education. We conducted a study with qualitative approach, using the registration forms of hypertensive and diabetic of Plan of Reorganization of Attention for Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (2010-2011. It was found that from 214 hypertensive patients of this USF, 155 (72.43% are female and 59 (27.57% are male. Most hypertensive patients had between 60 and 69 years (35,51%, mulatto (42.06%, married (69.16% and incomplete primary education (33.64%. The risk factors more frequent were the cardiovascular antecedent, with 61 cases (39.35% in women, smoking with 20 cases (33.90% in men and sedentary lifestyle with 74 cases (47.74% in women. These results motivated the realization of educational activities for hypertensive patients about changing habits, as well as the commitment to treatment. However, was obtained low participation, which was an obstacle in the quest for control of risk factors in these people.

  5. OCCCURENCE OF SHISTOSOMIASIS AND THE OTHERS INTESTINAL PARASITES IN CHILDREN AND TEENAGER OF A PUBLIC SCHOOL IN JEQUIÉ, BAHIA, BRASIL.

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    Camila Pereira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the enteroparasitoses infection prevalence, in which age group they prevail, relating the infection with the age of students attending a public school in Jequié, Bahia. The students were included in a health education program. 135 samples of feces were analyzed through the spontaneous sedimentation method. The enteroparasitoses prevalence was of 74,08%, being the most frequent enteroparasites: Schistosoma mansoni (44,44%, Trichuris trichiura (21,48%, Entamoeba coli (20,74%, Ascaris lumbricoides (16,30%, Entamoeba hystolitica/E. dispar (10,37, Endolimax nana (9,63%, Iodamoeba butshilii and Giardia lamblia (7,41, Ancilostomídeos (6,67%, Hymenolepias nana (4,44%, Enterobius vermicularis and Balantidium coli (0,74%. Polyparasitism was found in 45,19% of the samples. The age group from 13 to 15 years presented the highest prevalence, however there was no statistical difference amo conclude that it is necessary to monitor the health conditions of this population.

  6. Length-weight relationship and condition factor of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae from a reservoir in Bahia, Brazil

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    Sérgio Schwarz da Rocha

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862 is a freshwater prawn occurring in rivers and reservoirs of Central and South America. Given its broad geographical distribution, the species shows great intraspecific morphological, reproductive, physiological and ecological plasticity. Furthermore, it also stands out for its economic importance, especially in the states of North (Pará and Amapá and Northeast Brazil. Despite the wide geographic distribution and economic importance of M. amazonicum, the biology of this species is poorly known, particularly in Northeast Brazil. We analyzed the length-weight relationships and condition factor of males and females of M. amazonicum. Specimens were collected monthly from September 2008 to August 2009 at the Pedra do Cavalo Reservoir, city of Cabaceiras do Paraguaçu, State of Bahia. All specimens were sexed, measured and weighted. After that, length-weight relationships and the allometric (K and relative (Kr condition factors were calculated. Altogether 2,974 specimens were analyzed, 334 of which were males (11% and 2,640 were females (89%. Females were larger and heavier than males. Males and females showed isometric and negative allometric growth, respectively. Monthly variations in the condition factor were similar for both sexes, and correlated strongly with rainfall regime and temperature in the region. Such variations are not correlated with the reproductive cycle of the species, but are probably correlated with food availability and somatic growth.

  7. [The evolution of mortality by homicide in the State of Bahia in the period from 1996 to 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Tiago Oliveira de; Souza, Edinilsa Ramos de; Pinto, Liana Wernersbach

    2014-06-01

    An ecological study was conducted, the objective of which was to describe the evolution of homicide rates for residents of the State of Bahia, Brazil, and its nine health macroregions (MRS) in the period from 1996 to 2010. Crude and adjusted data from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and X85-Y09 codes of the Tenth International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) were analyzed. The number, proportion and homicide mortality rates (TMH) were analyzed. considering the characteristics of the victim and the event. The results revealed a profile of predominantly male mortality, Afro-Brazilian race/ethnicity with little education. The public highways were the main location of occurrence of deaths. There was an increase in TMH in all age groups, though the highest rates were observed in the population of 15 to 39 years of age. The TMH age-standardized rates were higher in the Far South, East, North and South. The conclusion reached was that the killings can be addressed from the loation/regional realities through strategic and planning of intersectoral actions that take into account the socioeconomic and cultural characteristics.

  8. Chumbo e cádmio no sangue e estado nutricional de crianças, Bahia, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Fernando Martins; Silvany Neto, Annibal Muniz; Lima, Maria Engrácia Chaves; Tavares, Tania Mascarenhas; Azaro, Maria da Graça Andrade; Quaglia, Gilca Maria Cardoso

    1987-01-01

    p.44-50 Num estudo de prevalência foi estudada a relação entre níveis de chumbo (PbS) e de cádmio no sangue (CdS) e o estado nutricional de crianças de 1 a 9 anos de idade, residentes a menos de 900 metros de uma fundição primária de chumbo, situada em Santo Amaro da Purificação, Bahia, Brasil. Em 555 crianças o nível médio (média ± s) de PbS foi de 2,84 ±1,20 µmol/1. Em 396 crianças, o nível médio de CdS (geométrico) foi de 0,087 µmol/1, com desvio padrão de 2,5. Os níveis de PbS e de CdS...

  9. Lead and cadmium in the blood and their relation to the nutritional status of children in Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Fernando Martins; Silvany Neto, Annibal Muniz; Lima, Maria Engrácia Chaves; Tavares, Tânia Mascarenhas; Azaro, Maria da Graça Andrade; Quaglia, Gilca Maria Cardoso

    1987-01-01

    Num estudo de prevalência foi estudada a relação entre níveis de chumbo (PbS) e de cádmio no sangue (CdS) e o estado nutricional de crianças de 1 a 9 anos de idade, residentes a menos de 900 metros de uma fundição primária de chumbo, situada em Santo Amaro da Purificação, Bahia, Brasil. Em 555 crianças o nível médio (média ± s) de PbS foi de 2,84 ±1,20 µmol/1. Em 396 crianças, o nível médio de CdS (geométrico) foi de 0,087 µmol/1, com desvio padrão de 2,5. Os níveis de PbS e de CdS estavam ex...

  10. Chumbo e cádmio no sangue e estado nutricional de crianças, Bahia, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho,Fernando Martins; Silvany Neto,Annibal Muniz; Lima,Maria Engrácia Chaves; Tavares,Tânia Mascarenhas; Azaro,Maria da Graça Andrade; Quaglia,Gilca Maria Cardoso

    1987-01-01

    Num estudo de prevalência foi estudada a relação entre níveis de chumbo (PbS) e de cádmio no sangue (CdS) e o estado nutricional de crianças de 1 a 9 anos de idade, residentes a menos de 900 metros de uma fundição primária de chumbo, situada em Santo Amaro da Purificação, Bahia, Brasil. Em 555 crianças o nível médio (média ± s) de PbS foi de 2,84 ±1,20 µmol/1. Em 396 crianças, o nível médio de CdS (geométrico) foi de 0,087 µmol/1, com desvio padrão de 2,5. Os níveis de PbS e de CdS estavam ex...

  11. Comunidade de Euglossini (Hymenoptera, Apidae das dunas litorâneas do Abaeté, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

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    Blandina Felipe Viana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Community of Euglossini (Hymenoptera, Apidae from the coastal sand dunes of Abaeté, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The Euglossini community structure was analyzed by attracting males with the scents eucalyptol, eugenol, vanillin, benzyl benzoate and methyl salicylate, and by netting bees on flowers. The samplings took place three times a month along one year from 6:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. The scent baits attracted 670 individuals belonging to seven species of three genus. The predominant species were Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758 (76.6% and Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier, 1841 (21.8%. Euglossini males visited the scents along the whole year, being more abundant in May and in August. The most efficient fragrance was eucalyptol, attracting 624 individuals of five species. The males abundance fluctuated along the day, being the highest frequency observed between 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Forty eigth Euglossini females of four species were netted visiting flowers of 14 plant species belonging to 13 families. Solanaceae and Caesalpiniaceae were the most visited. The species catched on flowers were Euglossa cordata, Eulaema nigrita, Euplusia mussitans (Fabricius, 1787 and Eulaema meriana flavescens Friese 1899. Euglossa cordata was the predominant species on flowers (64.6%, being collected during almost the whole year. Euplusia mussitans was the only species netted on flowers which males were not sampled on the scents.

  12. Growth and essential oil production by Martianthus leucocephalus grown under the edaphoclimatic conditions of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil

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    Bianca Oliveira de Azevedo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The semiarid region of Brazil holds a great richness of medicinal and aromatic plants with considerable potential for pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic and biopesticide industries. Martianthus leucocephalus (Mart. Ex Benth. J. F. B. Pastore is endemic to this region, and its essential oils contain a principle compound, isobornyl formate, which demonstrates antimicrobial activity against Bacilus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. In spite of its significant pharmacological potential, little is known about its growth. In light of the influence of seasonality on plant growth, development, and secondary metabolism, the present study evaluated the growth and essential oil content of M. leucocephalus grown and harvested during different months of the year in the edaphoclimatic conditions of Feira de Santana, Bahia State, Brazil. The experimental design was entirely randomized, with twelve harvesting periods and five replicates. The study acquired monthly data of mean temperatures, relative humidity, rainfall, irradiance, and photoperiod from the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET and quantified the fresh and dry weights of leaves, flowers and branches, as well as leaf area, and essential oil content. The data were submitted to Spearman correlation analysis and the means were compared using the Scott-Knott test. Total leaf masses and oil contents were higher during periods with longer photoperiods and higher solar irradiance. Rainfall and relative humidity reduced plant growth and essential oil content. Higher total mean dry masses were recorded from September to January (except October, while oil content was higher in March.

  13. The challenges of the implantation of the regulation of AGERBA (State Agency of Regulation of Public Services for Energy and Transport and Communications of Bahia) for residential natural gas in the State of Bahia; Os desafios da implantacao do regulamento da AGERBA (Agencia Estadual de Regulacao de Servicos Publicos de Energia e Transportes e Comunicacoes da Bahia) para o gas natural residencial no estado da Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sousa, Eduardo F. de [Universidade Salvador (UNIFACS), BA (Brazil)], e-mail: eduardosousa@bahiagas.com.br

    2008-07-01

    In recent years, important structural and institutional transformations are observed, for consequence the questions on the energy industries had started to incorporate, the regulation problems. Thus, the simple creation of new regulating agencies does not assure the automatic fulfilment of the functions of public interest. In this new context, these tasks are much more complex, demanding a learning process: how much to the structures of market and how much to the strategical behavior of the companies. In the local scene, to consolidate the distribution of the natural gas for the residential segment is one of the challenges of the Bahiagas, mainly after the publication of the Resolution that will go to establish the General Conditions of Gas Supply Canalized in the Residential Classroom in the State of the Bahia (hearing publishes carried through N. 002/2006 in June/2006). In this context, it is important to deeply understand the Resolution, that consequently will go to print a new dynamics for the Bahiagas. (author)

  14. Caracterização da pesca artesanal com rede de camboa na Reserva Extrativista do Cassurubá, Bahia

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    Vinícius José Giglio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2013v26n2p249   Considerados relevantes áreas de berçário para peixes, os sistemas estuarinos abrigam muitas espécies comercialmente importantes. De outubro de 2008 a novembro de 2009 foi investigada a composição ictiofaunística e descrita a rotina da pesca artesanal com rede de camboa no estuário da Reserva Extrativista (RESEX do Cassurubá, Bahia. As amostragens foram realizadas em três rios, nas luas nova e cheia. Um total de 1.074 peixes foi capturado em 17 despescas, pertencentes a 26 espécies e 17 famílias, com biomassa total de 378,4 kg. As famílias Gerreidae e Centropomidae foram as mais abundantes, dominando as capturas. Do total, 50% dos indivíduos que se encontram na primeira maturação gonadal (L50 descrita na literatura apresentaram tamanho inferior ao esperado, indicando sobrepesca de crescimento. Recomenda-se o estabelecimento de sistemas de gestão compartilhada entre os atores envolvidos com essa arte de pesca e os gestores da Resex do Cassurubá, com o objetivo de reduzir a captura de indivíduos abaixo do tamanho de primeira maturação gonadal.

  15. Evaluation of the phototoxicity of unsubstituted and alkylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to mysid shrimp (Americamysis bahia): Validation of predictive models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Bryson E; Marzooghi, Solmaz; Di Toro, Dominic M; Stubblefield, William A

    2017-08-01

    Crude oils are composed of an assortment of hydrocarbons, some of which are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are of particular interest due to their narcotic and potential phototoxic effects. Several studies have examined the phototoxicity of individual PAHs and fresh and weathered crude oils, and several models have been developed to predict PAH toxicity. Fingerprint analyses of oils have shown that PAHs in crude oils are predominantly alkylated. However, current models for estimating PAH phototoxicity assume toxic equivalence between unsubstituted (i.e., parent) and alkyl-substituted compounds. This approach may be incorrect if substantial differences in toxic potency exist between unsubstituted and substituted PAHs. The objective of the present study was to examine the narcotic and photo-enhanced toxicity of commercially available unsubstituted and alkylated PAHs to mysid shrimp (Americamysis bahia). Data were used to validate predictive models of phototoxicity based on the highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) gap approach and to develop relative effect potencies. Results demonstrated that photo-enhanced toxicity increased with increasing methylation and that phototoxic PAH potencies vary significantly among unsubstituted compounds. Overall, predictive models based on the HOMO-LUMO gap were relatively accurate in predicting phototoxicity for unsubstituted PAHs but are limited to qualitative assessments. Environ Toxicol Chem 2017;36:2043-2049. © 2017 SETAC. © 2017 SETAC.

  16. Tuberculosis incidence among people living with HIV/AIDS with virological failure of antiretroviral therapy in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Monaliza Cardozo Rebouças

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Antiretroviral therapy for HIV has led to increased survival of HIV-infected patients. However, tuberculosis remains the leading opportunistic infection and cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS. Tuberculosis has been shown to be a good predictor of virological failure in this group. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of tuberculosis and its consequences among individuals diagnosed with virological failure of HIV. This was a retrospective cohort study involving people living with HIV/AIDS being followed-up in an AIDS reference center in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Individuals older than 18 years with HIV infection on antiretroviral therapy for at least six months, diagnosed with virological failure (HIV-RNA greater than or equal to 1000 copies/mL, from January to December 2013 were included. Tuberculosis was diagnosed according to the criteria of the Brazilian Society of Pneumology. Fourteen out of 165 (8.5% patients developed tuberculosis within two years of follow-up (incidence density = 4.1 patient-years. Death was directly related to tuberculosis in 6/14 (42.9%. A high incidence and tuberculosis-related mortality was observed among patients with virological failure. Diagnosis of and prophylaxis for tuberculosis in high-incidence countries such as Brazil is critical to decrease morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV/AIDS.

  17. Completeness of tuberculosis reporting forms for disease control in individuals with HIV/AIDS in priority cities of Bahia state

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    Monique Lírio

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The control of HIV / Tuberculosis (TB co -infection remains a challenge for public health. Notification is mandatory for both diseases and the National Case Registry Database (Sinan is responsible for the collection and processing of individual forms of reporting and monitoring. The adequate fulfillment of these fields chips (completeness is essential to follow the dynamics of the disease and set priorities for intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the completeness of the notification forms of tuberculosis in the priority municipalities of Bahia (Camaçari , Feira de Santana , Ilhéus , Itabuna, Jequié, Lauro de Freitas , Porto Seguro , Teixeira de Freitas , Paulo Afonso, Barreiras and Salvador to control the disease in individuals with HIV/AIDS using tabulations obtained from the Sinan in the period from 2001 to 2010. The results showed that despite the completeness of the field HIV be above 50 %, more than half the cases were met as "undone" or "being processed" in all municipalities assessed in the period. The low completeness of reporting forms may compromise the quality of surveillance of TB cases. The results suggest the need for greater availability of HIV testing in these individuals.

  18. Agravos à saúde referidos pelos trabalhadores de enfermagem em um hospital público da Bahia

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    Luciana Souza de Freitas Machado

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Embora o trabalho seja essencial à vida humana, o contexto no qual é realizado pode desencadear tensão, desajuste e consequente adoecimento. Estudos apontam a Enfermagem como uma ocupação com alto risco para adoecimento, em especial no ambiente hospitalar. O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a ocorrência de agravos à saúde referidos pelos trabalhadores de enfermagem em um hospital na Bahia. Estudo de corte transversal envolvendo 309 profissionais. As queixas de saúde mais frequentes relacionaram-se a sintomas osteomusculares como dor nas pernas 66,4% (192 e dor nas costas 61,8% (178; e à saúde mental com predomínio de cansaço mental 47% (131 e nervosismo 33,7% (93. Os resultados apontam que enfermeiros apresentaram maior frequência de agravos posturais e queixas de saúde mental enquanto as queixas de agravos respiratórios foram mais prevalentes entre técnicos e auxiliares. Estes resultados evidenciam necessidade de maior consciência do processo de trabalho e realização de atividades preventivas.

  19. Aspectos sociodemográficos da soroprevalência de marcadores do vírus da hepatite A no povoado de Cavunge, região do semi-árido do Estado da Bahia Sociodemographical aspects of seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus in the settlement of Cavunge, a semi-arid region of Bahia State

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    Delvone Almeida

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available No Povoado de Cavunge, semi-árido da Bahia, foi realizado estudo sobre as hepatites com objetivo de avaliar a prevalência de portadores de IgG anti-VHA. Foram avaliados 891 moradores e 85,9% foram soropositivos. A prevalência foi semelhante entre os sexos. Na zona urbana houve aumento da prevalência com a idade.In Cavunge community, a rural pvillage of the dry tropic in Bahia State, Brazil, a sentinel study on viral hepatitis was developed to characterize the seroprevalence of hepatitis A. The presence of IgG anti-HAV was analyzed in 891 citizens and 85.9% were positive. The prevalence was similar between genders and increased with age.

  20. Network dynamics in scientific knowledge acquisition: an analysis in three public universities in the state of Bahia Dinâmicas de aquisição das redes de conhecimento científico: uma análise em três universidades públicas do estado da Bahia

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    Rogério Hermida Quintella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to cast some light on the dynamics of knowledge networks in developing countries by analyzing the scientific production of the largest university in the Northeast of Brazil and its influence on some of the remaining regional research institutions in the state of Bahia. Using a methodology test to be employed in a larger project, the Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA (Federal University of Bahia, the Universidade do Estado da Bahia (Uneb (State of Bahia University and the Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz (Uesc's (Santa Cruz State University scientific productions are discussed in one of their most traditionally expressive sectors in academic production - namely, the field of chemistry, using social network analysis of co-authorship networks to investigate the existence of small world phenomena and the importance of these phenomena in research performance in these three universities. The results already obtained through this research bring to light data of considerable interest concerning the scientific production in unconsolidated research universities. It shows the important participation of the UFBA network in the composition of the other two public universities research networks, indicating a possible occurrence of small world phenomena in the UFBA and Uesc networks, as well as the importance of individual researchers in consolidating research networks in peripheral universities. The article also hints that the methodology employed appears to be adequate insofar as scientific production may be used as a proxy for scientific knowledge.O propósito deste artigo é lançar luz sobre a dinâmica das redes de conhecimento, nos países em desenvolvimento, por meio da análise da produção científica da maior universidade do Nordeste do Brasil (UFBA e sua influência sobre algumas instituições regionais de pesquisa no estado da Bahia. Através de um teste de metodologia, as produções científicas, especificamente no campo

  1. The challenges of the implementation of regulation AGERBA for residential natural gas distribution in the state of Bahia, Brazil; Os desafios da implantacao do regulamento AGERBA (Agencia Estadual de Regulacao de Servicos Publicos de Energia, Transportes e Comunicacoes da Bahia) para o gas natural residencial no estado da Bahia

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    Sousa, Eduardo F. de [Bahiagas, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    In recent years, important structural and institutional transformations are observed, for consequence the questions on the energy industries had started to incorporate, the regulation problems. Thus, the simple creation of new regulating agencies does not assure the automatic fulfilment of the functions of public interest. In this new context, these tasks are much more complex, demanding a learning process: how much to the structures of market and how much to the strategical behavior of the companies. In the local scene, to consolidate the distribution of the natural gas for the residential segment is one of the challenges of the Bahiagas, mainly after the publication of the Resolution that will go to establish the General Conditions of Gas Supply Canalized in the Residential Classroom in the State of the Bahia (hearing publishes carried through N. 002/2006 in June/2006). In this context, it is important to deeply understand the Resolution, that consequently will go to print a new dynamics for the Bahiagas. (author)

  2. Influência das características físico-químicas e composição elementar nas cores de méis produzidos por Apis mellifera no sudoeste da Bahia utilizando análise multivariada Influence of physicochemical and elemental composition on honey colors produced by Apis mellifera in southwest Bahia using multivariate analysis

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    Julian Júnio de Jesus Lacerda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study honey samples produced in the southwest of Bahia were characterized based on physicochemical and mineral (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Mn, Fe and Zn composition. The metals were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The application of multivariate analysis showed that the honey colors are consequence of the mineral and physicochemical compositions. The darkest honey samples are characterized by higher values of pH and for presenting a strong relationship with Ca and Fe content.

  3. O caso do frei Manuel da Madre de Deus: notas sobre um processo eclesiástico na Bahia do século XVIII Father Manuel da Madre de Deus: case notes on an ecclesiastic process in XVIII century, Bahia/Brazil

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    Roberto da Silva Ribeiro

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Frei Manuel da Madre de Deus Bulhões nasceu em Salvador, em 1673 e morreu em data posterior a 1742. Foi procurador geral do Carmo em Lisboa e vigário geral da Vigaria do Carmo da Bahia e Pernambuco. Em 1727 é acusado de diversos crimes. Foi o caso julgado a pedido do visitador geral de Lisboa, em primeira instância no convento carmelita da Bahia. Foi frei Manuel acusado de viver em concubinato com a viúva Helena de Lima, violar o voto de pobreza ao obter lucros com um engenho na ilha das Fontes e mandar matar Manuel Guedes de Brito e seu escravo. Frei Manuel foge de seu convento e entra com recursos contra a condenação. Em 1739 é absolvido e é reinvestido de suas prerrogativas.Father Manuel da Madre de Deus Bulhões was born in Salvador, Brazil, in 1673 and dead after 1742. He was general procurator of Carmel Order in Lisbon and general father of Vigaria of Carmel on Bahia and Pernambuco. In 1727 he was accused of several crimes. The case was judged by petition of general visitator of Lisbon, on first instance on Carmel’s convent of Bahia. Father Manuel was accused to live in concubinate with the widow Helena de Lima, to abandon the vow of poverty when he obtained profits with a engenho on Ilha das Fontes and to kill Manuel Guedes de Brito and his slave. Father Manuel runway from his convent and applied against his condemnation. In 1739 he was absolved and got again his prerogatives.

  4. Contribuição ao conhecimento da ictiofauna do Manguezal de Cacha Pregos, Ilha de Itaparica, Baía de Todos os Santos, Bahia Contribution to knowledge of ichthyofauna of Mangrove Cacha Pregos, Itaparica island, Todos os Santos bay, Bahia

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    Paulo Roberto Duarte Lopes

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A check-list of fishes collected in a mangrove in Cacha Pregos, south of ltaparic Island, State of Bahia, Brazil (about 13o07'S,38o48'W from 1988-1989 and 1991-1992 is presented. Fifteen orders, 46 families and 85 species (Teleostei except one Chondrichthyes were identified, represented specimens whose adults live in different marine ecossystems.

  5. Na trilha das “garrafadas”: a abdicação de D. Pedro I e a afirmação da identidade nacional brasileira na Bahia On the trail of the Garrafadas: The abdication of Dom Pedro I and the assertion of Brazil’s national identity in Bahia

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    Daniel António Silva

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto analisa os momentos finais do reinado do primeiro imperador brasileiro e as tensões políticas que impuseram a sua abdicação: o acirramento da distinção entre “português” e “brasileiro” e a afirmação de uma certa identidade nacional brasileira conducente à procura de uma definição de cidadania entre os baianos. Os protestos populares e militares ocorridos aí e no Rio de Janeiro mostram a existência de uma íntima relação e complementaridade entre portugueses e brasileiros. O duelo ocorrido entre eles em março de 1831 no Rio de Janeiro, que se convencionou chamar a “noite das garrafadas” e os diversos protestos de rua ocorridos em Salvador da Bahia no mesmo contexto, são a chave do presente estudo.We analyze in this essay the final moments of the reign of the first Brazilian emperor and the political tensions that led to his abdication: the growing stress on the distinction between “Portuguese” and “Brazilian” and the assertion of a kind of Brazilian national identity leading to the construction of a definition of citizenship, particularly among the residents of Bahia. The popular and military unrest in Bahia and Rio de Janeiro show that there were close relations and complementarities between Portuguese and Brazilians. The duel that took place between them in March 1831 in Rio de Janeiro that came to be known as the noite das garrafadas (night of the “bottle riot” and the street protests that occurred in Salvador da Bahia, are the key to the present study.

  6. Crescimento Demográfico no Estado da Bahia, 2000 A 2010:Uma Contribuição Estatístico-Cartográfica

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    Barbara-Christine Nentwig Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho analisa a diversidade recente (2000 a 2010 da população total do Estado da Bahia, das Microrregiões Geográficas, da população urbana, da população das cidades e da população rural segundo dados oficiais dos Censos Demográficos de 2000 e 2010. As análises demográficas foram espacializadas através da representação cartográfica que se baseia em classificação, priorizando as quebras naturais dos dados. O crescimento da população total do Estado de 7,27%, na última década (ou 0,70% a.a., foi inferior ao da década anterior e inferior ao do Nordeste e do Brasil. A população urbana cresceu 15,16% (1,42% a.a., a população das cidades, 14,59% (1,37% a.a. e a população rural, -8,92% (-0,93% a.a.. As taxas são bastante diversificadas segundo as Microrregiões e os municípios. O crescimento das cidades médias foi superior, em seu conjunto, ao crescimento de Salvador e de sua Região Metropolitana, fato que ocorre pela primeira vez no Estado da Bahia, indicando uma importante redução da primazia da capital e da Região Metropolitana de Salvador. As mudanças em curso são de fundamental importância para orientar a formulação de políticas públicas mais eficientes e justas em toda a extensão do território baiano. Abstract POPULATION GROWTH IN THE STATE OF BAHIA, 2000 TO 2010: A STATISTICALCARTOGRAPHIC CONTRIBUTION The paper examines the recent diversity (2000 to 2010 of the total population of the State of Bahia, micro-regions, urban population, population of cities and the rural population. Official data from Brazilian Censuses of 2000 and 2010 were used. Demographic spatial analyses were produced through the cartographic representation based on natural breaks classification from data. The State’s total population growth of 7.27% in the last decade (or 0.70% p.a., was lower than the previous decade and is lower than in the Northeast and in Brazil. The urban population grew 15.16% (1.42% p.a., the

  7. Contribution of state public policies to participation of family agriculture in the national program for production and use of biodiesel: the case of Bahia (Brazil); A contribuicao da politica estadual para viabilizar a participacao da agricultura familiar no programa nacional de producao e uso de biodiesel: o caso da Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avzaradel, Ana Carolina

    2008-03-15

    The commencement of the National Program for the Production and Use of Biodiesel (PNPB) consolidates the efforts of the Federal Government to stimulate the national production of this biofuel. The program is aimed at the insertion of small family farmers in the productive chain of biodiesel, promoting the social inclusion of this part of the population. PNPB stipulates that 2% of biodiesel must be blended with diesel oil (B2) from 2008 on, a percentage that will reach 5% in 2013. However, the demand for biodiesel created by this program may not be met if the blockages in the production chain are not removed. Since the absence of raw material is highlighted as the main obstacle to production, the main difficulties faced by family farmers were focused on. The study dealt specifically with the case of Bahia, since it already has a structured production chain of vegetable oil seeds and because of its leading position in the national production of biodiesel. Impacts resulting from the adoption of state public policies aimed at family farmers who produce vegetable oil for the production of biodiesel were analyzed. Vegetable oil supply scenarios in Bahia show that state government support for family farming benefits biodiesel production, allowing to estimate the percentage of the participation of family agriculture in Bahia to meet the targets set in the PNPB. (author)

  8. Caracterização Morfológica da Semente, Plântula e Muda de Jacarandá-da-bahia Morphological Aspects of Seeds and Seedlings of Jacarandá-da-Bahia

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    Gizelda Maia Rego

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O objetivo do trabalho foi descrever e ilustrar os aspectos morfológicos externos e internos da semente e os aspectos externos do processo germinativo e das fases de plântula e muda de jacarandá-da-bahia (Dalbergia nigra VELLOZO Fr. All. Ex. Bentham Leguminoseae Papilionoidae. Verificou-se que a semente possui tegumento de cor pardo brilhante, com forma assimétrica reniforme e tamanho de 7,0 mm a 10,0 mm de comprimento por 5,9 mm a 8,8 mm de largura. A germinação é fanerocotiledonar, epígea, livres dos tegumentos e ocorre aos 30 dias após a semeadura. As plântulas possuem com folíolos opostos, de consistência herbácea e de cor verde- lara, com cerca de 1,2 cm de comprimento por 0,8 cm de largura. As observações da morfologia interna e externa das sementes, aliadas às das várias fases do desenvolvimento das plântulas e mudas, permitem a identificação desta espécie na fase inicial de crescimento e os resultados obtidos poderão ser empregados em estudos taxonômicos, silviculturais e ecológicos.  
    The paper objective was to describe and to illustrate the external and internal morphologic aspects of the seed, the germination process external aspects and seedlings phases of jacarandá- da- bahia (Dalbergia nigra VELLOZO Fr. All. Ex. Bentham Leguminoseae- Papilionoidae. It was found that seed have tegument of bright medium brown color, with kidney shape and symmetricaless form of 7,0 mm to 10,0 mm of length for 5,9 mm to 8,8 mm of width; germination epigeous phanerocotylar, free of tegument, and occur at 30 days after sowing. Seedlings with opposing follicles, of herbaceous consistency and green clear color, with about 1,2 cm of length for 0,8 cm of width. Observations on the seeds internal and external morphology, allied to the ones made on the seedlings phases of development, allow identification of this species in the initial growth and the overall research results may be used

  9. Trap-nesting bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea in areas of dry semideciduous forest and caatinga, Bahia, Brazil Abelhas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea que nidificam em ninhos-armadilha em áreas de floresta semi-decídua e caatinga, Bahia, Brasil

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    Cândida M. L. Aguiar

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study were examined the species richness and seasonal abundance of cavity-nesting bees in areas of dry semi-deciduous forest and caatinga in the State of Bahia, Brazil. Sampling was done employing two types of trap-nests: bamboo canes and tubes made of black cardboard with dimensions of either 58 x 6 mm or 105 x 8 mm. The traps were inspected once a month. One hundred and forty-six nests of 11 bee species were collected in the forest, and 121 nests of seven species were collected in the caatinga. Five species of cleptoparasitic bees were also reared from these nests. The highest nesting frequencies occurred in the wet season in both areas. Nests parasitism was important only for Centris tarsata Smith, 1874, and was higher at the caatinga site than in the forest. The mortality of pre-emergent adults was high, especially in C. tarsata,Tetrapedia diversipes Klug, 1810 and Euglossa cordata (Linnaeus, 1758. Information on the number of cells per nest, the size, shape, and arrangement of brood cells in the nests, as well as the number of adults produced and the number of generations per year are also presented. Species richness, temporal patterns of nesting, and percentage of parasitism were compared with other habitats.Neste estudo foram investigadas a riqueza de espécies e a abundância sazonal de abelhas que nidificam em cavidades em áreas de Floresta estacional semi-decídua e Caatinga na Bahia. A amostragem foi realizada com dois tipos de ninhos-armadilha (= N.A.: gomos de bambu e tubos de cartolina preta (58 x 6 mm e 105 x 8 mm. Os N.A. foram inspecionados uma vez por mês. Foram coletados 146 ninhos de 11 espécies de abelhas na floresta e 121 ninhos de sete espécies na caatinga. Além disso, cinco espécies de abelhas cleptoparasitas foram criadas a partir destes ninhos. As freqüências de nidificação mais altas ocorreram na estação úmida em ambas as áreas. Parasitismo de ninhos foi importante apenas para Centris tarsata

  10. Trabalho em saúde: vigilância sanitária de farmácias no município de Salvador (Bahia, Brasil Work in health: sanitary surveillance of drugstores in Salvador (state of Bahia, Brazil

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    Augusto Amorim Bastos

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available A farmácia é um estabelecimento de interesse da saúde onde são dispensados medicamentos, tecnologia terapêutica mais utilizada na prática médica. Este trabalho objetiva descrever e analisar a vigilância sanitária de farmácias. A partir da teoria do processo de trabalho em saúde, realizou-se um estudo sobre a vigilância sanitária em farmácias de Salvador (Bahia, Brasil, segundo as categorias analíticas agentes e atividades. Os dados foram coletados por meio da observação, análise documental e entrevistas. No processamento, utilizou-se o software QSR N Vivo. Verificou-se multiprofissionalidade no quadro técnico, profissionais com pouco tempo de serviço em vigilância sanitária de farmácias e insuficiente capacitação técnica para o exercício das atividades. Foram observadas deficiências de ordem gerencial no serviço, que ainda não incorporou práticas de planejamento e avaliação. As atividades estão direcionadas à concessão da licença sanitária, priorizando-se o atendimento à demanda espontânea, configurando um modelo tecnológico de intervenção baseado na inspeção sanitária. Revelou-se a necessidade de modernização do serviço e utilização de tecnologias diversificadas para propiciar o controle do risco, dado que a evolução tecnológica oferece medicamentos cada vez mais potentes, porém com maior grau de risco.A drugstore is an establishment of interest in health, from which medication is dispensed, namely the therapeutic technology most broadly used in the practice of medicine. The scope of this study is to describe and analyze the sanitary surveillance of drugstores. Based on the theory of working processes in healthcare, a case study was conducted on the sanitary surveillance of drugstores in Salvador (Bahia, Brazil, examining 2 analytical categories: agents and activities. Data were collected through observation, analysis of documents and interviews, and QSR N Vivo software was used for data

  11. Seroprevalence of HIV, HTLV-I/II and other perinatally-transmitted pathogens in Salvador, Bahia Soroprevalência do HIV, HTLV-I/II e outros patógenos de transmissão perinatal em Salvador, Bahia

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    Jairo Ivo dos Santos

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available Generation of epidemiological data on perinatally-transmitted infections is a fundamental tool for the formulation of health policies. In Brazil, this information is scarce, particularly in Northeast, the poorest region of the country. In order to gain some insights of the problem we studied the seroprevalence of some perinatally-transmitted infections in 1,024 low income pregnant women in Salvador, Bahia. The prevalences were as follow: HIV-1 (0.10%, HTLV-I/II (0.88%, T.cruzi (2.34%. T.pallidum (3.91%, rubella virus (77.44%. T.gondii IgM (2.87% and IgG (69.34%, HBs Ag (0.6% and anti-HBs (7.62%. Rubella virus and T.gondii IgG antibodies were present in more than two thirds of pregnant women but antibodies against other pathogens were present at much lower rates. We found that the prevalence of HTLV-I/II was nine times higher than that found for HIV-1. In some cases such as T.cruzi and hepatitis B infection there was a decrease in the prevalence over the years. On the other hand, there was an increase in the seroprevalence of T.gondii infection. Our data strongly recommend mandatory screening tests for HTLV-I/II, T.gondii (IgM, T.pallidum and rubella virus in prenatal routine for pregnant women in Salvador. Screening test for T.cruzi, hepatitis and HIV-1 is recommended whenever risk factors associated with these infections are suspected. However in areas with high prevalence for these infections, the mandatory screening test in prenatal care should be considered.A obtenção de dados epidemiológicos é de fundamental importância para o estabelecimento de políticas em Saúde Pública. No Brasil, essas informações são escassas, principalmente na região Nordeste. Para se obter alguns destes dados, avaliamos a soroprevalência de algumas infecções de transmissão perinatal, em cerca de 1024 gestantes de baixa renda, em Salvador, Bahia. Os resultados encontrados foram os seguintes: HIV-1 (0,10%, HTLV-I/II (0,88%, T.cruzi (2,34%, T.pallidum (3

  12. Uso da terra e perda de solo na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Colônia, Bahia Land use and soil loss in the Colônia River Watershed, Bahia

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    Vinícius de A. Silva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Mudanças no uso da terra muitas vezes potencializam a erosão hídrica acarretando perda de água, solo, nutriente e matéria orgânica dos sistemas agrícolas, razão por que se estimou a perda de solo na bacia hidrográfica do rio Colônia, na Bahia, nos últimos vinte e sete anos, utilizando-se o software SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool. Para tal, procedeu-se à digitalização de mapas temáticos, interpretação de fotografias aéreas de 1975; classificação supervisionada de imagens de satélites de 2002 e produção de mapas de uso da terra. O SWAT foi utilizado na obtenção de mapas temáticos digitais por sub-bacia hidrográfica do rio Colônia, quantificação das perdas de solo em cada sub-bacia e nas formas de usos obtidos por conceito teórico, simulando as inclusões de áreas de preservação permanente, bem como mata em toda a superfície das sub-bacias. Estima-se que, entre 1975 e 2002, a média de perda de solo na bacia hidrográfica do rio Colônia foi de 47 t ha-1 ano-1 e em 2002 a estimativa de perda de solo foi de 46,64 t ha-1 ano-1. Na simulação de um cenário teórico de área de preservação permanente (APP e mata, ocorreu diminuição da média da perda de solo em toda a bacia hidrográfica do rio Colônia de, respectivamente, 9,09 t ha-1 ano-1 e 20,91 t ha-1 ano-1.Land use changes most of the time increases the hydric erosion leading to loss of water, nutrients and organic matter in agricultural systems. Thus, aiming to estimate the soil loss in the watershed of Colonia River, in Bahia, in the last twenty-seven years, the software SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool was used. For the purpose, a digitalization thematic map (Arc View, interpretation of aerial photographs from 1975, supervised classification of 2002 satellite images and a land use map generation were developed. The SWAT software was used for obtaining a digital thematic map for every sub-basin of Colonia River Watershed, soil loss

  13. Segurança alimentar e nutricional: desenvolvimento de indicadores e experimentação em um município da Bahia, Brasil Food and nutrition security: development of indicators and experimentation in a city of Bahia, Brazil

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    Bárbara Eduarda Panelli-Martins

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo foi propor e aplicar uma metodologia sensível ao fenômeno da segurança alimentar e viável para o monitoramento e a avaliação em municípios de pequeno porte, tendo um município pequeno e pobre como Mutuípe, na Bahia, Brasil, como ilustração. MÉTODOS: A partir de pesquisa em várias fontes nacionais e internacionais, da seleção de um conceito guia de segurança alimentar e nutricional e da identificação das suas dimensões, foi elaborado um protocolo com 20 indicadores incluindo variáveis consideradas capazes de expressar a situação no município. O protocolo contempla também as premissas que dão inteligibilidade ao modelo, os meios de verificação, os cálculos dos indicadores, os parâmetros e o plano de análise dos resultados. RESULTADOS: A aplicação da metodologia no município mostrou-se viável, sendo que a não disponibilidade de dados relevantes para a mensuração da segurança alimentar e nutricional foi um dos principais fatores de constrangimento. No entanto, foi possível identificar que em Mutuípe, considerando as dimensões da disponibilidade, acesso e consumo de alimentos e a utilização biológica de nutrientes, a insegurança alimentar e nutricional é moderada. CONCLUSÃO: O protocolo proposto é operacional e capaz de expressar a situação desejada em municípios pequenos, sendo útil à orientação das políticas locais.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to propose and apply a methodology that would be sensitive to the phenomenon of food security and viable for monitoring and evaluating small municipalities, using the small, poor city of Mutuípe, in the state of Bahia, Brazil, as an illustration. METHODS: A protocol consisting of 20 indicators which included variables considered capable of expressing the situation of food security in the municipality was developed based on research from national and international sources, the selection of a guiding framework on food and nutrition

  14. Polinização de Vochysia lucida C. Presl (Vochysiaceae em uma área de restinga na Bahia Pollination of Vochysia lucida C. Presl (Vochysiaceae in an area of restinga in Bahia State

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    Miriam Gimenes

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As espécies de Vochysia são neotropicais e apresentam flores que podem ser visitadas por abelhas, beija-flores e borboletas. Este estudo teve como objetivo a análise das interações entre as flores de Vochysia lucida e seus visitantes florais, em uma área de restinga no Estado da Bahia, Brasil. V. lucida é uma espécie arbórea e apresenta inflorescências do tipo racemo, com cerca de 100 a 170 flores. As flores são zigomorfas, amarelas e foram consideradas melitófilas. O néctar floral é produzido e estocado em esporão, localizado no cálice. O pico de floração de V. lucida ocorreu em novembro e dezembro. Durante o estudo as flores abriam às 6:00 h, quando o estigma já estava receptivo. Na abertura da flor a antera já não estava mais presente e os grãos de pólen estavam depositados na parede do estilete, ocorrendo apresentação secundária de pólen. As pétalas caíam no final da tarde, por volta das 17:00 h. Os beija-flores embora freqüentes nas flores de V. lucida foram considerados visitantes oportunistas. Entre os visitantes florais registrados, as abelhas de grande porte foram consideradas os polinizadores mais eficientes, especialmente Xylocopa frontalis, por ter morfologia e comportamento adequados para contatar as estruturas reprodutivas da flor, durante as coletas de néctar, e por sua elevada freqüência de visita.Vochysia species are Neotropical and present flowers that can be visited by bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies. This study aimed to analyze the interactions between the flowers of Vochysia lucida and their floral visitors in an area of restinga in Bahia State, Brazil. V. lucida is an arborescent species and presents inflorescences of the type raceme, with about 100 to 170 flowers. The flowers are zygomorphic, yellow-coloured, and considered mellitophilous. The floral nectar is produced and stored in the spur, which is localized at the calyx. The flowering peak of V. lucida was in November and December

  15. HIV-1 seroprevalence in the general population of Salvador, Bahia State, Northeast Brazil Soroprevalência do HIV-1 na população geral de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

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    Inês Dourado

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available To estimate HIV-1 seroprevalence in the general population of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 3,437 residents from 1998 to 2000. Subjects were drawn from 30 sentinel areas representing a wide range of living conditions. Plasma samples were screened for HIV-1 antibodies by ELISA and confirmed by immunofluorescent assay. Subtype determination by HMA was performed after proviral DNA amplification. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony was performed with the neighbor-joining method. Overall HIV-1 seroprevalence was 0.55% (19/3,446: 0.8% for men and 0.36% for women. Seroprevalence was higher in the 31-45-year age group (1% and among persons with family income less than twice the minimum wage (0.78% as compared to 0.33% for the higher income group. Syphilis was detected in 37% of HIV seropositive individuals. Phylogenetic inferences identified 10 samples as subtype B in the env region and 2 samples with Benv/Fgag/Fpol and Fenv/Bgag. Age > 30 years, male gender, and income A seropreval��ncia do HIV-1 na população geral de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil, foi estimada em estudo de corte transversal com 3.437 indivíduos entre 1998-2000, residentes de 30 áreas sentinelas com ampla va-riedade de condições de vida. Realizou-se uma triagem para anticorpos anti-HIV-1 por ELISA e confirmados por imunofluorescência. A determinação do subtipo foi realizada por HMA, após amplificação do DNA proviral. As análises filogenéticas foram realizadas com PAUP utilizando os algoritmos neighbor-joining. A seroprevalência do HIV-1 foi de 0,55% (19/3.446: 0,8% para os homens e 0,36% para as mulheres. A seroprevalência foi mais alta no grupo de 31-45 anos (1% e entre as pessoas com renda familiar inferior a dois salários mínimos (0,78%. A sífilis foi diagnosticada em 37% dos participantes HIV soropositivos. A análise filogenética identificou 10 amostras como subtipo B na região env, e duas amostras Benv/Fgag/Fpol e Fenv

  16. «Ovelhas de tão pouca lã» : a transformação das aldeias indígenas em paróquias no período pombalino (Bahia, 1758

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    Fabricio Lyrio Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the transformation process of the Indian villages (called «aldeias» into parishes, in the Archdiocese of Bahia, from the new guidelines issued in the Pombaline period concerning indigenous and colonial policy. This process occurred in the last months of the year 1758 driven by a special tribunal of the «Mesa da Consciência e Ordens», introduced in Bahia, chaired by the diocesan prelate and attended by three royal ministers from Lisbon. The replacement of the Jesuits by priests contributed to a greater involvement of the secular clergy with indigenous issues in Brazil

  17. «Ovelhas de tão pouca lã» : a transformação das aldeias indígenas em paróquias no período pombalino (Bahia, 1758

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    Fabricio Lyrio Santos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the transformation process of the Indian villages (called «aldeias» into parishes, in the Archdiocese of Bahia, from the new guidelines issued in the Pombaline period concerning indigenous and colonial policy. This process occurred in the last months of the year 1758 driven by a special tribunal of the «Mesa da Consciência e Ordens», introduced in Bahia, chaired by the diocesan prelate and attended by three royal ministers from Lisbon. The replacement of the Jesuits by priests contributed to a greater involvement of the secular clergy with indigenous issues in Brazil.

  18. Epidemiologia do desenvolvimento cognitivo de escolares em Jequié, Bahia, Brasil: procedimentos de avaliação e resultados gerais Epidemiology of schoolchildren's cognitive development in Jequié, Bahia State, Brazil: assessment procedures and general results

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    Darci Neves Santos

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve metodologia, aplicação e utilidade do teste das Matrizes Progressivas de Raven e do Teste de Sondagem Intelectual (TSI, comparando-os ainda com o rendimento escolar do aluno, em Jequié, Bahia. O Raven, que avalia o raciocínio não-verbal, foi aplicado a 374 escolares (7 a 17 anos. Somente 231 TSI foram respondidos porque requeriam habilidades de leitura e escrita. Foram coletadas notas escolares para todos os participantes. Um questionário avaliando recursos da escola e perfil do professor foi respondido por duzentos professores. Os escores dos testes Raven e TSI apresentaram uma boa correlação entre si (r = 0,53, p This paper describes the methodology, applicability and utility of the Raven Progressive Matrix (Raven Test and the Brazilian Intellectual Probe (TSI, comparing them with school achievement in a typical medium-size urban community of Northeastern Brazil. 388 schoolchildren (7-17 years old were examined, with 371 Raven tests applied. Only 231 TSIs were completed, since 106 students were illiterate. School grades were obtained for all participants. A questionnaire evaluating school resources, and teacher profiles was answered by 200 teachers. Raven and TSI test scores were highly correlated (r = 0.53, p < 0.001, but both correlated weakly with overall school grade (r = 0.22, p < 0.001 and r = 0.12, p < 0.07 respectively. For individual school grades, the Raven scores showed statistically significant correlation with all subjects, while the Brazilian TSI presented statistically significant correlation only with geography, history and sciences. Boys' mean scores were higher than girls' for both the Raven and the TSI Tests, but for the school grades girls performed better. In general, level of cognitive development was below that expected for children in the age-group analyzed.

  19. Distribuição da anemia em pré-escolares do semi-árido da Bahia Distribution of anemia among preschool children from the semi-arid region of Bahia

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    Ana Marlúcia O. Assis

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta investigação foi identificar a prevalência da anemia e alguns de seus potenciais determinantes em 754 crianças de áreas urbanas de sete municípios na região do semi-árido baiano. Hemoglobina foi determinada em 745 crianças de um a 72 meses de idade. Para o grupo etário de seis a 72 meses um valor de hemoglobina The objective of this survey was to determine the prevalence of anemia and potential determinants thereof in 754 children from urban areas of seven small towns in the semi-arid region of Bahia. Hemoglobin was measured in 745 children 1 to 72 months of age. For the 6-to-72 month-old group, hemoglobin < 11.0 g/dl was considered anemia (following WHO recommendations whereas <9.5 g/dl was considered severe anemia. The same cutoffs were used for children under 6 months, which are the same ones used in clinical-hematology. A mean hemoglobin of 12.1 g/dl was found, distributed differently according to age groups (p=0.001. The study found prevalences of 22.2 % for anemia and 5.8% for severe anemia, respectively. Occurrence of anemia varied significantly with age (p=0.001; the highest prevalence was 50.0% in children 12 to 23 months of age, followed by 29.9% in children below 12 months. The association of anemia with mother's education (controlled for age and per capita family income was not statistically significant.

  20. SOLDADOS DO NORTE NAS GUERRAS DO SUL: O RECRUTAMENTO MILITAR NA BAHIA E EM PERNAMBUCO PARA A COLÔNIA DO SACRAMENTO

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    Paulo César Possamai

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available O Norte do Estado do Brasil contribuiu com a formação e defesa da Colônia do Sacramento. Este artigo abordará o recrutamento militar nas capitanias do Norte, especialmente na Bahia e em Pernambuco durante o século XVIII. Daremos ênfase ao período do cerco de 1735 a 1737, quando foi feito um intenso recrutamento em Portugal e em várias capitanias brasileiras visando a impedir a conquista de Sacramento pelos espanhóis, assim como fortificar o Rio Grande de São Pedro, de onde poucos homens conseguiram voltar para casa.

  1. O micróbio protagonista: notas sobre a divulgação da bacteriologia na Gazeta Médica da Bahia, século XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson Gonçalves Malaquias

    2016-01-01

    Resumo A teoria dos germes, decorrente, em especial, dos trabalhos de Louis Pasteur e Robert Koch, fez estremecer as bases do saber médico a partir da segunda metade do período oitocentista e promoveu uma revolução na “arte de curar”. A busca por micróbios específicos para as doenças norteou as investigações de pesquisadores convertidos aos dogmas pasteurianos. Este trabalho procura mostrar, em linhas gerais, o papel desempenhado pela Gazeta Médica da Bahia no processo de divulgaç...

  2. Sarcopromusca pruna (Diptera: Muscidae as an egg transport host of Dermatobia hominis (Diptera: Cuterebridae in the cacau region of Bahia, Brazil

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    Antonio Amancio Jorge da Silva

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Sarcopromusca pruna appears to be the predominant transport host for Dermatobia hominis eggs among cattle herds in central eastern Bahia, Brazil. In the study area, two seasonal peaks of S. Pruna abundance coincide with those of Dermatobia, from mid July through late September and from mid November until early January, two periods of moderate monthly rainfall between anual extremes. Among more than 26,000 flies examined during the study, 75 (all female S. pruna bore Dermatobia eggs. Certain aspects of Dermatobia behavior and ovoposition habits in the field are also discussed.

  3. Doença Sexualmente Transmissível em adolescentes atendidas em um Serviço de Ginecologia de Salvador- Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Márcia Sacramento Cunha

    2011-01-01

    A incidência de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis (DST) vem aumentando em todo o mundo, especialmente entre adolescentes. Entretanto, poucos estudos foram realizados no Brasil para abordar este tema. Com o objetivo de estimar a prevalência, identificar a etiologia e possíveis fatores associados para DST na adolescência, foi realizado um estudo transversal. Cem adolescentes sexualmente ativas do sexo feminino foram avaliadas em Salvador, Bahia entre 2008 e 2010. Foram realizados exames citoló...

  4. Avaliação dos sistemas de escadarias e rampas drenantes implantadas em assentamentos espontâneos na cidade do Salvador - Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Lúcio Sérgio Garcia Mangieri

    2012-01-01

    Nos assentamentos espontâneos, densamente ocupados, situados em regiões de topografia acidentada, é comum a implantação de redes de drenagem superficial associadas a escadarias de pedestres, minimizando processos erosivos, e tornando a via acessível durante precipitações. Como alternativa aos sistemas tradicionais, foram desenvolvidas em 1979, na cidade de Salvador-Bahia, as escadarias e rampas drenantes, atuando simultaneamente na coleta, condução de águas pluviais e como via de pedestres, a...

  5. MOBILIDADE DAS PESSOAS SEGREGADAS SOCIOESPACIALMENTE COM RESTRIÇÕES DE LOCOMOÇÃO: O Caso da Comunidade do Bairro de Canabrava, Salvador, Bahia.

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Silvia Camargo Fernandes

    2014-01-01

    Esta tese tem como objetivo principal analisar o deslocamento das pessoas com restrição de mobilidade que se encontram segregadas socioespacialmente na comunidade do bairro de Canabrava, Salvador, Bahia. O bairro de Canabrava está localizado em região caracterizada por desníveis topográficos acentuados e seus moradores, em sua maioria pertencente à parcela da sociedade de renda baixa, encontram-se segregados. Isso se deve à predominância da ocupação nas áreas de encostas, precariamente urbani...

  6. AVALIAÇÃO DA IMPLANTAÇÃO DO PIBO - PROGRAMA DE IMPLANTAÇÃO DO BANCO DE OVINOS NO SUL DA BAHIA

    OpenAIRE

    Alvares, Caio Tacito Gomes; Goncalves, Angela Lucrecia Silva; Silva, Maira Corona da

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a implantação do PIBO - Programa de Implantação do Banco de Ovinos na região cacaueira do Sul da Bahia. Enfatizando a geração de alimentos, diversificação de culturas, conservação da Mata Atlântica e qualidade da agricultura familiar, o PIBO teve como objetivo auxiliar famílias rurais na atividade de ovinocultura. A partir do fomento inicial de quatro ovinos a cada uma das setenta e cinco famílias rurais previamente selecionadas, o programa propôs assessori...

  7. Aspecto físico-químico do mel de abelhas comercializado no município de Salvador- Bahia.

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    V. M. Leal

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: No Laboratório de Inspeção e Tecnologia de Leite e Derivados do Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, da UFBa, foram analisadas 54 amostras de méis provenientes de vários município do Estado da Bahia, no período de março de 1996 a fevereiro de 1997.Pesquisou-se a qualidade do mel pelas provas de Lund e Fiehe e determinação do pH e umidade. Os resultados indicam que nas provas de Fiehe, 27 amostras (50%, de Lund 16 amostras (30% e de umidade 39 amostras (72%, não atendem a legislação vigente, provavelmente por serem oriundas de processamento indevido. Com relação ao pH 11% (2 das amostras estão fora da faixa ideal. Os resultados demonstraram que os méis produzidos no interior do Estado da Bahia e comercializados em Salvador são de qualidade duvidosa, visto que 59,26% (32 eram “méis espremidos”, evidenciando a necessidade de maior fiscalização dos órgãos competentes, frente à produção e comercialização de mel. PALAVRAS CHAVE: Mel de abelhas, analise físico-química SUMMARY: Fifty four samples of honey from different towns of bahia were analised at the inspection and technology of milk and derived laboratory of the preventive veterinary medicine department, from march 1996 to february 1997. Honey quality was evaluated by lund and fiehe proofs and pH and humidity mesurement. Results show that 27 samples (50%, 16 samples (30%, 39 samples (72% and 2 samples (11% were out of law exigences, respectively in lund and fiehe proofs, humidity and pH mesurement, probably because of inadequated procedures during production process. It suggests that most honey producted in those towns of Bahia state and comercialized in Salvador city are not adequated for human feeding, since 32 samples (59.26% were “hand pressed honey”, it highlights the need for stronger fiscalization effort of the competent governmental departments. KEYWORDS: Bee

  8. Gestão e sustentabilidade no terceiro setor : um estudo de multicasos de ONGs Negras em Salvador-Bahia-Brasil.

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Waldemario Alves de

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Gestão, apresentada à Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra, sob a orientação de José Manuel Mendes. A questão da sustentabilidade tem sido um dos assuntos mais relevantes na agenda das Organizações Não governamentais nas últimas décadas, sobretudo para as organizações não governamentais negras (NEGRONG’S). Este trabalho objetiva entender a dinâmica e o funcionamento da gestão de duas organizações negras em Salvador/Bahia- Brasil: a Associa...

  9. Os nipo-baianos de ituberá: trajetórias, memórias e identidades de imigrantes no baixo sul da bahia (1953-1980)

    OpenAIRE

    Jesus, Elivaldo Souza de

    2015-01-01

    Esta tese investiga as reconfigurações identitárias de imigrantes japoneses introduzidos no Núcleo Colonial de Ituberá, localizado no Baixo-Sul da Bahia, nos idos de 1954. Trilhando as memórias, a oralidade e uma série de registros fotográficos desses imigrantes, buscamos evidenciar os seus processos de deslocamento, assentamento na nova terra e seus trânsitos identitários, assim como, clarificar em que medida e em quais contextos as relações entre a cultura nipônica pré-migratória, em partes...

  10. Characterization of a clay from Vitoria da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil, by thermal analysis; Caracterizacao de uma argila de Vitoria da Conquista, BA, por analise termica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, O.M.; Zandonadi, A.R.; Martins, M.V. Surmani; Carrio, J.A.G.; Munhoz Junior, A.H. [Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    Kaolinitic clays are vastly used in ceramic industry. Light coloration burned clays are very useful in the coatings production because of their aesthetic. In this work clay material from Vitoria da Conquista (south-west Bahia, Brazil) was characterized by various techniques. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) shows a kaolinite characteristic curve with an endothermic peak at 492 deg C, which corresponds to the kaolinite - metakaolinite transformation. Transformation alpha to beta quartz is characterized by a 573 deg C peak. The samples were also characterized by water absorption and x rays powder diffraction. The 1100 deg C burned samples were tested by rupture tension with acceptable results. (author)

  11. Cricket singing means rain: semiotic meaning of insects in the district of Pedra Branca, Bahia State, northeastern Brazil

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    Eraldo M. Costa Neto

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the semiotic meanings which are given both to the appearance and/or behavior of insect species according to the ethnoentomological knowledge of the inhabitants of the village of Pedra Branca, Bahia State, Brazil. Data were collected from February to May 2001 by performing open-ended, recorded interviews with nine men and twenty-five women, whose ages ranged from 19 to 82 years old. Data were analyzed by using the union model, which involves considering all available information on the surveyed subject. Twelve kinds of insects were associated with both beneficial and harmful events, as well as with the indication of changing weather. The way local people perceive and interpret the appearance and/or behavior of certain species of insects depends on the cultural background of each inhabitant. The following semiotic meanings were recorded: fatal, funereal, auspicial, meteorological, societal, monetary, and of abundance or scarcity. The beliefs in the augural power of insects in the village of Pedra Branca are deep-rooted in the local tradition and are transmitted from generation to generation through oral culture. It is hoped that the data now available will be incorporated into a curriculum by those researchers interested in insect conservation and ethnobiology as well.Este artigo discute os significados semióticos atribuídos ao aparecimento e/ou comportamento dos insetos de acordo com o conhecimento etnoentomológico dos moradores do povoado de Pedra Branca, Bahia, Brasil. Dados foram obtidos entre fevereiro a maio de 2001 através de entrevistas semi-estruturadas e gravadas com 9 homens e 25 mulheres, cujas idades variaram de 19 a 82 anos. Os dados foram analisados pelo método do modelo de união, que considera toda informação disponível sobre o assunto pesquisado. Vinte tipos de insetos foram associados com acontecimentos bons e ruins, assim como a indicação de mudanças atmosféricas. O modo como os indiv

  12. Tabagismo em amostra de adolescentes escolares de Salvador-Bahia Smoking among school adolescents in Salvador (BA

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    Adelmo Souza Machado Neto

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O hábito de fumar em geral se inicia na adolescência. No Brasil, as estimativas da freqüência deste hábito entre adolescentes variam de 1% até 35%. OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência do tabagismo entre os adolescentes da oitava série do ensino fundamental à terceira série do curso médio, em escolas de Salvador - Bahia, Brasil. MÉTODO: Feito um estudo do tipo corte transversal de caráter exploratório. Foram aplicados 3.500 questionários a alunos matriculados entre a 8ª série do ensino fundamental e a 3ª série do ensino médio, em cinco escolas da região metropolitana de Salvador (BA. Análise estatística: medidas descritivas e de associação (razão de prevalência e o teste t de Student e o do qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS: A prevalência do tabagismo entre adolescentes de Salvador (BA foi de 9,6%, considerando-se os 3.180 questionários válidos, sendo maior no sexo masculino (14% que no feminino (6%. À medida que aumentava a idade, elevava-se essa prevalência. A média de idade do início do tabagismo foi de 14 ± 2 anos. Dentre adolescentes, 46% experimentaram o cigarro e 20% destes continuaram fumando. Entre filhos de fumantes a freqüência foi maior. O número médio de cigarros consumidos por dia pelos adolescentes que fumavam diariamente (n = 132 foi de 7 ± 6, sendo maior no sexo masculino. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência do tabagismo em uma amostra selecionada de adolescentes escolares de Salvador (BA foi de 9,6%, sendo maior entre os indivíduos do sexo masculino. A experimentação e a influência dos pais foram associadas ao tabagismo nos adolescentes.BACKGROUND: Most tobacco users become addicted during adolescence. In Brazil, smoking prevalence among teenagers varies from 1% to 35%. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of smoking among teenagers, aged from 13 to 20, in fundamental and high school in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. METHOD: Cross-sectional exploratory study. Thirty five hundred questionnaires were

  13. Oportunidade perdida para diagnóstico oportunista de diabetes mellitus em comunidades quilombolas do sudoeste da Bahia, Brasil

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    Cláudio Lima Souza

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar prevalência e fatores associados com oportunidade perdida para diagnóstico oportunista de diabetes (PDO em comunidades quilombolas de Vitória da Conquista, Bahia. Trata-se de um estudo de corte-transversal de base populacional em amostra probabilística (n = 797. Para esta análise 548 indivíduos foram elegíveis considerando os critérios de risco: idade igual ou superior a 45 anos, índice de massa corporal elevado e hipertensão arterial. A prevalência de PDO foi estimada em 42,6%. Regressão logística demonstrou estarem estatisticamente associados, independentemente ao desfecho: autoavaliação de saúde boa/muito boa; não medir pressão arterial no último ano; não ter realizado consulta médica nos últimos doze meses; e, índice de acesso de serviços ruim. O elevado PDO apontado associou-se à baixa utilização e pior marcador de acesso aos serviços de saúde. Ações direcionadas ao diagnóstico e prevenção de DM devem priorizar populações de maior risco e incluir capacitação, treinamento das equipes de saúde da família e melhoria da estrutura e atenção nas unidades de saúde. Uma maior integração entre ações básicas de saúde e nível especia lizado pode impactar positivamente no diagnóstico precoce, e redução de possíveis complicações associadas a diabetes nesta população.

  14. Geochemical characterization in karst basin tributaries of the San Franciscan depression: The Corrente River, western Bahia, NE-Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecomte, Karina L.; Bicalho, Cristina C.; Silva-Filho, Emmanoel V.

    2016-08-01

    Karst aquifers are important freshwater resources for the growing population in Brazil. The sandstones of Urucuia plateau and the limestone of Bambui Group constitute important aquifer systems in the western part of Bahia state. The Corrente River provides ∼30% of the total water flow of the São Francisco River and crosses karstified structures. Surface and groundwater samples were collected during the dry period, the beginning of the wet season, and the wet season. The main objective was to define sources and distribution of dissolved elements and to describe the geochemical processes that govern their mobility within the system. Water samples are classified into three groups, depending on the dominant weathering process. When carbonate dissolution governs, waters are bicarbonate-calcium-type; whereas when the atmospheric precipitation signal is present, the samples in siliciclastic terrain are more Cl- - Na+. Groundwaters reflect bicarbonate-mixed-type, with the highest dissolved concentrations. In contrast to the major elements, trace elements, including Rare Earth Elements (REE), show seasonal behavior: their concentrations increase with the beginning of the wet season, due to re-mobilization and release into the solution of adsorbed elements from the system and the atmospheric dust. The total dissolved REE concentration (800-7500 ng L-1) is one order of magnitude more concentrated in karsts than in siliciclastic rocks. Principal component analysis was performed, explaining >77% of the variance. First factor extracted (REE, Y, Th, Al, Fe) explain the washout and enhancement of atmospheric dust weathering throughout the beginning of the wet seasons. The second component comprises variables related to karsts lithology, representing calcite and dolomite dissolution.

  15. Climate Patterns Governing the Presence and Permanence of Salmonellae in Coastal Areas of Bahia de Todos Santos, Mexico▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simental, Lourdes; Martinez-Urtaza, Jaime

    2008-01-01

    Despite the importance of salmonellae as one of the major causes of food-borne infections worldwide, data regarding the presence of these organisms in the environment are limited. We investigated the presence of Salmonella spp. in Bahia de Todos Santos (Baja California, Mexico) and evaluated the environmental factors that affect the occurrence of Salmonella spp. in this arid region. A total of 1,331 samples collected from 21 sites along the coast during a period of 3 years were analyzed for Salmonella spp. Geographical and seasonal distribution of Salmonella spp. was evaluated in association with environmental parameters and with human infections in the area. The incidence of Salmonella bacteria throughout the study was 4.8%, with the highest incidence detected in wastewater (16.2%), followed by stream water (10.6%), mollusks (7.4%), and seawater (2.3%). Twenty different serotypes were identified among the 64 Salmonella isolates. The dominant serotype was Typhimurium (23.4%), followed by Vejle (6.2%). The presence of Salmonella spp. in coastal areas was mostly confined to rainy periods and areas of stream discharges, and runoff was identified as the predominant factor influencing the transport of Salmonella bacteria from source points to the sea via streams. Isolation of Salmonella spp. was negatively and significantly associated with temperature, probably because of the effect of solar radiation in the decline of permanence of Salmonella bacteria. Conversely, human infections prevailed during the warmest months and were negatively correlated with the presence of Salmonella spp. in the marine environment. PMID:18708509

  16. LIFE CYCLE STUDIES WITH TWO MARINE SPECIES AND BISPHENOL A: THE MYSID SHRIMP (AMERICAMYSIS BAHIA) AND SHEEPSHEAD MINNOW (CYPRINODON VARIEGATUS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaich, Ellen; Staples, Charles; Ortego, Lisa; Klečka, Gary; Woelz, Jan; Dimond, Steve; Hentges, Steven

    2017-08-23

    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high production volume compound primarily used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastic. Exposure to low concentrations of BPA occurs in freshwater and marine systems, primarily from wastewater treatment plant discharges. The dataset for chronic toxicity of BPA to freshwater organisms includes studies on fish, amphibians, invertebrates, algae and aquatic plants. To broaden the dataset, a 1.5-generation test with sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus) and a full life-cycle test with mysid shrimp (Americamysis bahia) were conducted. Testing focused on apical endpoints of survival, growth and development, and reproduction. The NOEC and LOEC values of 170 and 370 µg/L for mysid and 66 and 130 µg/L for sheepshead were based on reduced fecundity. HC5 values of 18 µg/L were calculated from species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) with freshwater-only data and combined freshwater and marine data. Inclusion of marine data resulted in no apparent difference in SSD shape, R(2) values for the distributions, or HC5 values. Upper-bound 95(th) percentile concentrations of BPA measured in marine waters of North America and Europe (0.024 and 0.15 µg/L, respectively) are below the HC5 value of 18 µg/L. These results suggest that marine and freshwater species are of generally similar sensitivity and that chronic studies using a diverse set of species can be combined to assess the aquatic toxicity of BPA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  17. Relative growth, sexual dimorphism and morphometric maturity of Trichodactylus fluviatilis (Decapoda: Brachyura: Trichodactylidae from Santa Terezinha, Bahia, Brazil

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    Tiago Rozário da Silva

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Freshwater crabs are important elements in the aquatic biota of brooks, rivers, lakes and ponds, from both ecological and the socio-economic aspects. Trichodactylidae comprises 51 endemic species from the Neotropical region. Among all the species of this family, Trichodactylus fluviatilis Latreille, 1828 has the widest geographic distribution throughout Brazil. Despite that, there are few published contributions on the biology of this species. The present study investigated the following aspects of T. fluviatilis: relative growth, mean size at onset of morphometric maturity, sexual dimorphism, laterality and heterochely. Specimens were collected monthly from September 2010 through August 2011, from the Velha Eugênia Brook, municipality of Santa Teresinha, State of Bahia. Carapace width (CW, carapace length (CL, major cheliped length (MaCL and minor cheliped length (MiCL, major cheliped height (MaCH and minor cheliped height (MiCH, and width of the fifth abdominal segment (5AB were measured to evaluate the presence of sexual dimorphism; the major difference between the sexes was in the CW vs. 5AB ratio. Heterochely was observed in males and females,with the right cheliped larger than the left in 89% of males and 81% of females. Crab size at the onset of morphometric maturity (= puberty molt was estimated based on the ratio between CL, cheliped dimensions, 5AB and CW (independent variable. Females were larger than males when they reached morphometric maturity in all studied relations. We recommend the use of chelipeds and abdominal width relationships to estimate the size at the morphometric maturity in males and females, respectively.

  18. A PERCEPÇÃO DO ESPAÇO TURISTICO URBANO PELA COMUNIDADE DE ILHÉUS – BAHIA

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    Adelina Prado Calda Neres

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Compreender o fenômeno do turismo no espaço perpassa pelo entendimento de que o conhecimento científico se processa a partir das relações entre os sujeitos e o objeto e dos níveis de experiências que esses travam entre si. Nesse sentido destaca-se a cidade de Ilhéus, que se apresenta como um dos destinos turísticos mais procurados do Estado da Bahia. Assim, este trabalho busca compreender os efeitos da atividade turística e as influências no processo de produção e consumo do espaço urbano ilheense. Justifica-se este estudo através do diálogo dialético do pensamento teórico com a realidade da prática da atividade turística neste, baseados em Bomfim (2005, Yazig (2003, Carlos (2002 e Milton Santos (1997. Para tal, utiliza-se da pesquisa qualitativa, adotando-se a teoria e o método numa concepção fenomenológica e dialógica (HUSSERL, 1986; TUAN, 1980, com o objetivo de apreender a percepção do espaço urbano transformado em espaço turístico pela comunidade local de Ilhéus. Os resultados apontam que a atividade turística desenvolvida até agora em Ilhéus tem seu foco apenas no turista, e os benefícios atingem a uma pequena parcela da sociedade, de maneira que a comunidade local não valida essa atividade como tal.

  19. Cost-effective control of plant disease when epidemiological knowledge is incomplete: modelling Bahia bark scaling of citrus.

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    Nik J Cunniffe

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A spatially-explicit, stochastic model is developed for Bahia bark scaling, a threat to citrus production in north-eastern Brazil, and is used to assess epidemiological principles underlying the cost-effectiveness of disease control strategies. The model is fitted via Markov chain Monte Carlo with data augmentation to snapshots of disease spread derived from a previously-reported multi-year experiment. Goodness-of-fit tests strongly supported the fit of the model, even though the detailed etiology of the disease is unknown and was not explicitly included in the model. Key epidemiological parameters including the infection rate, incubation period and scale of dispersal are estimated from the spread data. This allows us to scale-up the experimental results to predict the effect of the level of initial inoculum on disease progression in a typically-sized citrus grove. The efficacies of two cultural control measures are assessed: altering the spacing of host plants, and roguing symptomatic trees. Reducing planting density can slow disease spread significantly if the distance between hosts is sufficiently large. However, low density groves have fewer plants per hectare. The optimum density of productive plants is therefore recovered at an intermediate host spacing. Roguing, even when detection of symptomatic plants is imperfect, can lead to very effective control. However, scouting for disease symptoms incurs a cost. We use the model to balance the cost of scouting against the number of plants lost to disease, and show how to determine a roguing schedule that optimises profit. The trade-offs underlying the two optima we identify-the optimal host spacing and the optimal roguing schedule-are applicable to many pathosystems. Our work demonstrates how a carefully parameterised mathematical model can be used to find these optima. It also illustrates how mathematical models can be used in even this most challenging of situations in which the underlying

  20. Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis by score system in children and adolescents: a trial in a reference center in Bahia, Brazil

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    Clemax Couto Sant'Anna

    Full Text Available Since 2002, the Brazilian Ministry of Health has recommended a score system for tuberculosis diagnosis of children and adolescents that does not need bacteriological positivity, because most cases in this age group have few bacteria. An observational, transversal study was carried out at the outpatient health care service of the reference medical service in Salvador, Bahia, including 164 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, with ages ranging between 1 and 15 years of age, who were treated from 1990 to 2001. The gold standard used to establish the diagnosis was clinical, radiological, epidemiological and based on follow-up data. The score system for diagnosis purposes was tested retrospectively. The median age and the average age of the 164 patients were 6 and 6.62 years (SD ± 4.33, respectively. About 65% of the sample reported a history of close contact with a tuberculous adult. The BCG vaccine coverage was 70.7% (116/164. It was found that 26% (43/164 of the patients had severe malnutrition. Out of this group, 26/43 (60.47% were < 5mm reactive to the tuberculin test. On the other hand, out of the 91 patients with tuberculin test < 5mm, 29% (26/ 91 had severe malnutrition. The use of the score gave the following distribution: a TB very likely in 81.7% (134/164 of the patients; b possible TB in 15.9% (26/164 and TB unlikely in 2.4% (4/164. Among patients who had been vaccinated more than 2 years before, there was a 9 times higher risk of finding a tuberculin test above 10 mm in individuals with probable TB in comparison with the patients with possible or unlikely TB.

  1. OCORRÊNCIA DE ENTEROPARASITAS EM COLORÍFICO COMERCIALIZADO EM VITÓRIA DA CONQUISTA – BAHIA

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    Regina Márcia Amorim de SOUZA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Os métodos caseiros de produção do colorífico e sua comercialização sem condições higiênico-sanitária podem representar importante fonte de contaminação e disseminação de enteroparasitas. Dessa forma a identifi cação laboratorial de protozoários e helmintos em colorífi co é de grande importância para a saúde pública, pois analisa as condições higiênicas envolvidas na sua produção, armazenamento, transporte, manipulação e comercialização. O presente trabalho objetivou identifi car a ocorrência de estruturas parasitárias em colorífi co caseiro e industrial comercializados em feiras livres e em supermercados de Vitória da Conquista-Bahia. Para tanto foram coletadas no período de junho e julho 105 amostras de colorífi co em estabelecimentos comerciais localizados na cidade. As amostras do pigmento em estudo foram submetidas a análises para pesquisa de enteroparasitas no Laboratório de Parasitologia da UESB, através dos métodos de Sedimentação Espontânea e de Carvalho et al.3 Resultados negativos para enteroparasitas foram obtidos em todas as amostras. De acordo com a Resolução da ANVISA RDC n°276,2 de 22 de setembro de 2005, as amostras de colorífi co artesanal e industrial apresentam condições sanitárias satisfatórias de acordo a legislação vigente para parasitos e larvas.

  2. Reproductive cycle of Mytella guyanensis (Lamarck, 1819 in a Marine Reserve (RESEX Bay of Iguape, Bahia, Brazil

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    V. M. A. Camilo

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Mytella guyanensis, consumed and commercialized in coastal regions of Brazil, is one of several bivalve species of socioeconomic interest for coastal communities. Besides serving as a source of income and subsistence for these communities, it also contributes to their food security as it is a source of proteins and micronutrients. Thus, the reproductive cycle of this species was studied aiming to contribute to food security and its preservation. Samples were collected monthly, between March 2014 and March 2015, in a natural stock (12°38'50”S; 38°51'43”W in a Marine Reserve (RESEX Bay of Iguape (community Engenho da Ponte, Bahia, Brazil. Mytella guyanensis is collected by women on site, where the artisanal fishing of this resource is performed without following any specific handling procedure. Also, empirical evidence indicates overexploitation. The specimens collected were measured along the anterior-posterior axis (length, and after macroscopic analysis they were fixed in Davidson solution, processed by routine histology techniques and stained with Harris haematoxylin and eosin (H&E. The macroscopic analysis showed sexual dimorphism, with the male and female gonads presenting a milky-white and orange colour, respectively. A 1:1 sex ratio (M: F was observed and reproduction of the species was continuous all year round. March, April, July and August were the months with highest values of gamete elimination. We suggest that a M. guyanensis management plan should restrict capture during these months, in order to sustainably regulate exploitation of this food resource in this reserve.

  3. Notification of juvenile violence in Emergency Services of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Camila dos Santos; Costa, Maria Conceição Oliveira; de Carvalho, Rosely Cabral; de Araújo, Tânia Maria; Amaral, Magali Teresópolis Reis

    2015-01-01

    To analyze the performance of professionals in the Emergency Units for the notification of cases of violence against children, considering sociodemographic characteristics, professional category and difficulties. Cross-sectional study with a simple random sample (n=200), selected from the universe of professionals (n=523) of these Emergency Units in Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil, from a regional general hospital and six polyclinics. Bivariate analyses and measures of association were performed to determine statistical significance. Most professionals were female (82.5%), aged between 20 and 40 years old (75.5%), being nursing technicians (52.5%) and nurses (22.5%), 69.0% with a temporary employment contract. The notification was recorded by 69.5%, of them, and 60.0% asked for the opinion of another professional; 54.0% talked with the family and 42.9% reported to the Accident and Violence Surveillance System (VIVA). Statistical significance was observed in the nursing technicians category for the notification to sectors of reference, with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 1.28 - 2.09; and VIVA (95%CI 1.06 - 7.40). In the medical category, the significant result was not requesting the opinion of another professional (95%CI 1.02 - 3.51); not being afraid of judicial involvement (95%CI 1.19 - 4.06) and being trained in the violence matter (95%CI 1.21 - 5.00). The main difficulties cited were family omission (91.5%), fear of judicial involvement (63.5%) and lack of training (47.0%). Most cases of violence seen at the Emergency Units were notified, however, less than 50% of professionals did not notify VIVA, pointing the need for institutional investment in technical support and ongoing training. Actions addressed to notification strengthen institutions and make the sector responsible for victim care and protection.

  4. ANTI-Lentivirus, Brucella abortus AND B. ovis ANTIBODIES IN SMALL RUMINANTS RAISED IN PERNAMBUCO AND BAHIA

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    RODOLFO DE MORAES PEIXOTO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Goat and sheep production in the semi-arid northeast of Brazil has shown great economic potential. However, health problems can compromise the productivity of these animals. Given the scarcity of studies about the occurrence of these diseases, the aim of the present study was to analyze the serological diagnosis of anti-Brucella and anti-lentivirus antibodies among small ruminants in municipalities located in the Brazilian states of Bahia and Pernambuco. The samples were collected from local slaughterhouses and dairy farms. In total, 997 serum samples from animals in slaughterhouses and dairy herds were collected. In order to diagnose the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV, the samples underwent agarose gel immunodiffusion (AGID testing. The buffered acidified antigen test (goats and agarose gel immunodiffusion test (sheep were used to detect anti-Brucella abortus and B. ovis antibodies following the methodology recommended by the Institute of Technology of Paraná (TECPAR. With anti-CAEV antibodies, seropositivity rates of 4.1% and 2.2% were recorded for animals from the slaughterhouses and dairy farms, respectively. None of the animals (goats or sheep were positive for anti-B. abortus antibodies. With B. ovis, a seropositivity rate of 6.5% (n = 13 was recorded among the 199 sheep serum samples. Results of the present study confirmed the presence of the CAE virus in the meat and dairy herds studied, although the prevalence was low. Natural infection by B. abortus did not occur in the goat and sheep herds assessed. Seropositivity for B. ovis was confirmed, although prevalence was low. Direct tests are required to diagnose ovine brucellosis.

  5. PARTICIPAÇÃO INDÍGENA NO COMITÊ DE BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO ESTADO DA BAHIA

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    Sandra Smith Galvão

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A crise ambiental da água, com a perda de sua qualidade e má distribuição, é reflexo de uma crise social política e, sobretudo, ética vivida pela comunidade. Para superá-la a sociedade civil organizada e o Estado, através do planejamento participativo, têm criado e implementado políticas públicas de gestão democrática e descentralizada dos recursos hídricos, envolvendo diversos segmentos sociais. A participação indígena tem legalmente recebido papel de destaque neste processo, seja pelo conjunto de valores historicamente cultivados de valorização das águas, seja pelo significado simbólico que possuem os índios, como comunidades que cuidam e preservam a Natureza. Assim, o objetivo da pesquisa foi avaliar a participação indígena na gestão de recursos hídricos, no Estado da Bahia, no período de 2006 a 2009. Para tanto foi mensurado o nível de participação, bem como identificados os fatores que a dificultaram ou facilitaram. Foi utilizada a metodologia da observação participante, com o estudo de caso do Comitê de Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Itapicuru, com a análise da participação dos povos indígenas Kiriri e Kaimbé, através de uma abordagem sistêmica.

  6. Symbiotic N fixation is not down-regulated in mature versus secondary tropical forests in Bahia, Brazil.

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    Winbourne, J. B.; Daniel, P.; Porder, S.

    2016-12-01

    Carbon accumulation in secondary tropical forests is substantial, and thought to be limited at least in part by nitrogen (N) availability. Slash and burn agriculture and grazing remove N from the system, however, the abundance of symbiotic N fixing trees in young tropical forests suggests rapid N accumulation as forests regrow. Here we use statistically robust spatial sampling to quantify symbiotic (SNF) and asymbiotic N fixation across a chronosequence of re-growing tropical forests in the Mata Atlântica of Bahia, Brasil. The Mata Atlântica once stretched 1500 km along the east coast of Brasil, is currently 85% deforested, and is a target of national and international restoration efforts that rely heavily on the planting of legume species to facilitate forest regrowth. As expected, we found the highest rates of SNF early in forest succession, but these rates were low compared with prior estimates (16-year-old forests fixed 5.75 ± 2.2 kg N ha-1 yr-1), and did not significantly decline in older stands. Mature forests (>100 years old) fixed 4.3 kg N ha-1 yr-1. This rate is similar to measurements using the same method in intact forests in Costa Rica, and both estimates are 5 times lower than previous estimates of SNF inputs into mature tropical forests. In our study, SNF accounted for > 99% of the total N inputs via biological N fixation. Several intriguing possibilities emerge from these data: 1) contrary to expectations, abundant legumes early in succession do not dramatically increase N inputs in these regrowing tropical forests and 2) the hypothesis that N fixation is down regulated by facultative fixers once forests reach maturity is not consistent with our observations.

  7. Reassessment of the geologic evolution of selected precambrian terranes in Brazil, based on new SHRIMP U-Pb data, part 1: central-eastern border of Sao Francisco Craton in Bahia state, Brazil; Reavaliacao da evolucao geologica em terrenos pre-cambrianos brasileiros com base em novos dados U-Pb SHRIMP, parte 1: limite centro-oriental do Craton Sao Francisco na Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Luiz Carlos da; Pimentel, Marcio; Jost, Hardy [Brasilia Univ., DF (Brazil). Inst. de Geociencias]. E-mail: luizcarlos@aneel.gov.br; Delgado, Inacio Medeiros; Arcanjo, Joao Batista; Melo, Roberto Campello de; Teixeira, Leo R.; Cardoso Filho, Joao Moraes; Pereira, Luiz Henrique Monteiro [Companhia de Pesquisas de Recursos Minerais (CPRM), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Armstrong, Richard [Australian National Univ., Canberra (Australia). Research School of Earth Sciences

    2002-12-15

    This paper discusses new U-Pb SHRIMP zircon data for 12 key-exposures of several geological units exposed at the eastern border of the Sao Francisco Craton. The samples represent mostly Archean basement units within the Paleoproterozoic Eastern Bahia Belt (Orogen). Samples were collected along several E-W tran sects trying to more accurately assess the areal distribution of the Archean polycyclic basement of the Sao Francisco Craton and to identify the limits of Paleoproterozoic metamorphic overprint resulting from the development of the Eastern Bahia Orogen. Owing to the polycyclic evolution and/or high grade metamorphic conditions which most of the rock units investigated have undergone, zircon morphology and the U-Pb analytical data exhibit very complex patterns. These are characterized by a combination of inheritance, partial resetting and new zircon growth during high grade metamorphism. As a consequence, very careful and detailed analyses of cathodoluminescence imagery were required to allow distinction between inheritance, newly melt-precipitated zircon and partially reset zircons, as well as between the ages of magmatic and metamorphic events. Except for one unit (sample LH 44), which present crystallization age of ca 3000 Ma - interpreted, therefore, as the eastern extension of the Serrinha Craton - the others are ascribed to two major age groups at ca. 2870-2500 Ma and ca. 2200?-2030 Ma. The former group includes ortho gneisses with crystallization ages between ca. 2870-2500 Ma, which have been mapped and interpreted, in its major extension, as juvenile Paleoproterozoic arc (Itabuna and Salvador-Curaca belts/domains). The new data presented in this study, however, indicate that these ortho gneisses represent a multi-episodic collage of primitive Archean orogenic arcs, which gave rise to the Archean basement of that part of the Sao Francisco Craton. All the investigated zircon populations were extensively recrystallized at ca. 2080-2050 Ma as a result of

  8. The orchid-bee faunas (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of 'Parque Nacional do Monte Pascoal', 'Parque Nacional do Descobrimento' and three other Atlantic Forest remnants in southern Bahia, eastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemésio, A

    2013-05-01

    The orchid-bee faunas of 'Parque Nacional do Monte Pascoal', 'Parque Nacional do Descobrimento' and three other Atlantic Forest remnants ranging from 1 to 300 ha in southern Bahia, eastern Brazil, were surveyed. Baits with seventeen different scents were used to attract orchid-bee males. Four thousand seven hundred and sixty-four males belonging to 36 species were actively collected with insect nets during 300 hours from November, 2008 to November, 2009. Richness and diversity of orchid bees found in this study are the highest ever recorded in the Atlantic Forest domain. Eufriesea dentilabris (Mocsáry, 1897) and Eufriesea violacea (Blanchard, 1840) were collected at the 'Parque Nacional do Monte Pascoal', the first record of these species for the state of Bahia and the northernmost record for both species. Females Exaerete dentata (Linnaeus, 1758) were also collected at 'Parque Nacional do Monte Pascoal' and old records of Eufriesea aeneiventris (Mocsáry, 1896) in this area makes this site the richest and most diverse concerning its orchid-bee fauna in the entire Atlantic Forest and similar to areas in the Amazon Basin.

  9. Seria a moqueca apenas uma peixada? ¿La moqueca seria unicamente un plato de pescado? Alimentacion e identidad en Salvador, Bahia (Brasil

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    Jane Fajans

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Comidas regionais no Brasil incorporam a história, geografia, cultura, “raça”, classe social e identidade de uma região. Um exemplo claro destes fatores se encontra na competição entre os Estados da Bahia e do Espírito Santo acerca de quem faz a melhor moqueca. A competição não está apenas associada ao gosto desta especialidade, mas também aos valores religiosos, culturais, raciais e de classe a ela associados. São incorporadas as qualidades de quem prepara e o contexto no qual é preparada e servida a moqueca.Las comidas regionales del Brasil revelan la historia, la geografía, la cultura, la “raza”, las clases sociales y la identidad de cada región. Un ejemplo claro de esos factores se encuentra en la competencia entre los Estados de Bahia y Espírito Santo acerca que quién hace la mejor moqueca. En esta competencia, finalmente, el sabor de esta especialidad culinaria no tiene tanta importancia como los valores religiosos, culturales, raciales y de clase a los cuales está asociada. Este platillo incorpora las cualidades de las personas que lo cocinan y el contexto en el cual está elaborado y servido.

  10. CONCEPÇÃO DE TRABALHO UTILIZADO NOS EMPREENDIMENTOS SOLIDÁRIOS: EXPERIÊNCIA DO CENTRO DE ECONOMIA SOLIDÁRIA DA BAHIA - CESOL.

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    Leandro Teixeira e Silva

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the concepts used in labor solidarity enterprises, being developed from the experience of the Solidarity Economy Centre of Bahia (CESOL - a program of implementation of Economics Solidarity, which currently supports 17 projects in the state. Among these projects, we highlight four associations that operate in fairly representative CESOL, the Art of making art, the Association of Artisans of Bahia - Adaba, the Association of Culture and Art - Cultuarte and the Association of Artisans of Lauro de Freitas - AALFI. In this article, the sample was delimited search the Art of making art as a field of study. When seeking information about the developments and applied technology, realized the wealth of experience and diversity of works exhibited, sharing the same space by integrating a network of development that make and change as the exchange of experiencesand philosophy of solidarity economics favor dialogue, interaction and learning betweenassociations that are in the initial process of incubation and associations that are structurally more organized because they are more time integrating the incubation process developed byCESOL.

  11. PLANTAS MEDICINAIS USADAS PELA COMUNIDADE DO POVOADO DE LAÇOS (TANHAÇÚ/BAHIA E ENCONTRADAS NA FLORESTA NACIONAL CONTENDAS DO SINCORÁ

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    SANDRA LÚCIA DA CUNHA E SILVA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Given the pressure on biodiversity, due to its use in an unsustainable way, particularly in the Caatinga biome, and the need to restore the popular knowledge, is that this paper was developed in order to conduct a survey of medicinal plants used by the community of Laços, Tanhaçú, in the state of Bahia. And identify, among these, those species that are found in the National Forest Contendas Sincorá, the city of Contention Sincorá, Bahia. The data collecting was done through interviews, having as a tool the use of questionnaires. The vegetal species mentioned by the community and found in the Conservation Unit were collected and sent for identification. The community were cited 92 species of plants used for medicinal purposes, of which only 10.9% were found in the conservation area and, among them, the species Bidens pilosa, known as ¿carrapicho de agulha¿, was the most cited (52.4%, followed by Amburana cearensis (27.7%, popularly known as ¿umburana macho¿. The paper showed that target community of the study uses many medicinal plants to treat their illnesses, however, few species were found in the National Forest Contendas do Sincorá.

  12. Ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae from the seasonally dry tropical forest of northeastern Brazil: a compilation from field surveys in Bahia and literature records

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    Mônica A. Ulysséa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae from the seasonally dry tropical forest of northeastern Brazil: a compilation from field surveys in Bahia and literature records. The Caatingas occur predominantly in northeastern Brazil and comparatively it is the biome that received less attention than any other ecosystem in Brazil, representing the region where invertebrate groups are less known. We present here the first list of ant species of the Caatingas, compiling information from the literature, from a study of samples preserved in alcohol in the Laboratory of Entomology (Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, and from a field survey conducted in Milagres, Bahia, submitting standardized 1-m² samples of the leaf-litter to Winkler extractors. Summing all information, 11 subfamilies, 61 genera and 173 species (plus one subspecies of ants are recognized in the biome. This species number does not consider morphospecies that could not be named due to the lack of reliable recent taxonomic information for some Neotropical ant genera. The list presented here for ant species of the Caatingas is therefore underestimated, but it is relevant because it allows the identification of areas to be sampled in order to improve our knowledge of the diversity of ants in this biome.

  13. Biogeography and comparative cytogenetics between two populations of Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794 (Ostariophysi: Erythrinidae from coastal basins in the State of Bahia, Brazil

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    Uedson Pereira Jacobina

    Full Text Available The species Hoplias malabaricus is a predator fish found in nearly all cis-Andean basins. From a cytogenetic point of view, this species comprises, at least, seven differentiated karyomorphs. Several localities have been formerly analyzed in Brazil, however, some regions, such as Bahia State, remain underrepresented. Recently, the Brazilian Environment Ministry classified both Itapicuru and Contas river basins (entirely located within Bahia territory as priority conservation areas, whose biodiversity status lacks enough information. Therefore, the goal of the present work was to characterize, cytogenetically, populations of H. malabaricus from both basins, by using conventional staining, Ag-NOR and C-banding techniques. All specimens presented a diploid number of 2n = 40 with metacentric/submetacentric chromosomes, without differences between sexes, thereby representing the so-called "karyomorph F". The first metacentric pair presented a remarkably larger size in relation to the other pairs. The NORs were multiple, comprising the terminal region on long arms of two chromosomal pairs in both populations. However, the C-banding pattern was somewhat distinguishable between samples. Although sharing heterochromatic blocks at centromeric region of all chromosomes, the population from Itapicuru River basin appeared to have some more conspicuous blocks than those observed in the population from Contas River basin. The similar karyotype observed in both populations suggests a common geological history between them. The present results represent an advance in the knowledge about the cytogenetic pattern of H. malabaricus populations from poorly studied basins.

  14. FRUIT FLIES AND THEIR PARASITOIDS IN THE FRUIT GROWING REGION OF LIVRAMENTO DE NOSSA SENHORA, BAHIA, WITH RECORDS OF UNPRECEDENTED INTERACTIONS

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    SUZANY AGUIAR LEITE

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Several fruit fly species (Diptera: Tephritidae and Lonchaeidae assume the status of primary pests in fruit trees grown in Brazil, causing direct production losses. The aims of the study were to know aspects of diversity of fruit flies and their parasitoids in the fruit growing region of Livramento de Nossa Senhora, Bahia. Fruit samples were collected from 19 plant species during November/2011 and June/2014. Infestation rates were calculated in pupae.kg-1 of fruit and pupae.fruit-1. The results indicate the occurrence of Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann and Neosilba pendula (Bezzi. Plant species Anacardium occidentale, Averrhoa carambola, Carica papaya, Eugenia uniflora, Malpighia emarginata, Mangifera indica var. “Haden”, “Rosa” and “Tommy Atkins”, Opuntia ficus indica, Pereskia bahiensis, Psidium guajava, Spondias lutea, Spondias purpurea and Spondias tuberosa are hosts of fruit flies in the region. Unprecedented bitrophic relationships between P. bahiensis and C. capitata and Anastrepha sp. and between Opuntia ficus indica and C. capitata and A. obliqua were recorded. Unprecedented tritrophic relationship for the state of Bahia Averrhoa carambola and C. capitata and parasitoid of the Pteromalidae Family were also recorded. Tritrophic associations between M. indica var. “Tommy Atkins” and S. purpurea and A. obliqua and Doryctobracon areolatus; and between S. purpurea and A. obliqua and Utetes anastrephae were observed.

  15. Prevalence and molecular characterization of β-thalassemia in the state of Bahia, Brazil: first identification of mutation HBB: c.135delC in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Silvana F; Moura Neto, Jose P; Goncalves, Marilda S

    2013-01-01

    β-Thalassemia (β-thal) is a hereditary disease with at least 200 known causative molecular defects, with a limited number of distinct mutations predominating in any given population. The Brazilian population is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. Although occurrences of β-thal in this country have been recognized for a long time and previous studies have shown important regional differences related to the mutational profile, no extensive analysis of mutations of the HBB gene has been carried out in Brazil. We examined 1011 teenagers from Bahia, a state located in the northeast of Brazil. Hematological data were obtained using automated cell counting, hemoglobin (Hb) profiles were studied by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and DNA was analyzed by automated sequencing. None of the four Mediterranean mutations that are most frequently found in South and Southeast Brazil (HBB: c.118C>T; HBB: c.93-21G>A; HBB: c.92+1G>A; HBB: c.92+6T>C), was found to be responsible for thalassemia in the cases that we studied. One heterozygote for a frameshift mutation at codon 44 (-C) was identified. This is the first study to determine the prevalence and profile of β-thal in Bahia State. For the first time in Brazil, we report the occurrence of the HBB: c.135delC mutation in the β-globin gene.

  16. GASENE (Gasoduto Sudeste-Nordeste) and their importance to the development of Bahia state; O GASENE (Gasoduto Sudeste-Nordeste) e sua importancia para o desenvolvimento baiano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Victor Raul Paredes [Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, BA (Brazil); Felix, Makyo [Centro Universitario da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The present paper intends to analyze the importance of the construction of GASENE and its importance for the regional development in the state of the Bahia. In the first part, a quarrel of the main theories of regional development is made, we try to understand how a natural gas infra structure can act as element of dynamism for some economic regions that if find outside of the great industrial centers. Afterward, analyzes of the indices of economic and social development are made, involving a series of economic, social and infra structure variables grouped in accordance with its natures. With these data, we elaborated a ranking municipal with the objective to know which cities could have a canalized gas net. In the last part this paper, we analyze the foreseen industrial Investments to Bahia during 2007-2011 that help us to identify the horizon of growth of the economy. From these data, it is possible to analyze the future natural gas demand in the cities where the GASENE will pass. (author)

  17. Ocorrência e atividade de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em plantios de eucalipto (eucalyptus sp. no litoral norte da Bahia, Brasil

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    Francisco de Sousa Lima

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, tecnologias alternativas vêm sendo estudadas visando tornar o cultivo do eucalipto (Eucalyptus sp. mais econômico e sustentável. Entre estas, as associações micorrízicas merecem destaque devido aos inúmeros benefícios que proporcionam às plantas hospedeiras. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a ocorrência e atividade de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares em plantios de eucalipto utilizados comercialmente pela Copener Florestal Ltda. no litoral norte da Bahia. Foi observada grande variabilidade na densidade de esporos (36,2 a 203,2 esporos em 50 g de solo, colonização micorrízica (10,6 a 57,8% e nos teores de glomalina facilmente extraível e total (0,34 a 1,92 mg g de solo-1 e 0,48 a 3,88 mg g de solo-1 nos plantios de eucalipto. Os resultados neste estudo permitiram concluir que, embora os clones apresentem suscetibilidade à micorrização em condições de campo, variações nas características do solo afetam aspectos ecológicos dos fungos micorrízicos arbusculares nos plantios de eucalipto da Copener Florestal Ltda. no litoral norte da Bahia.

  18. Evidence of Zika Virus RNA Fragments in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Field-Collected Eggs From Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smartt, Chelsea T; Stenn, Tanise M S; Chen, Tse-Yu; Teixeira, Maria Gloria; Queiroz, Erivaldo P; Souza Dos Santos, Luciano; Queiroz, Gabriel A N; Ribeiro Souza, Kathleen; Kalabric Silva, Luciano; Shin, Dongyoung; Tabachnick, Walter J

    2017-07-01

    A major mosquito-borne viral disease outbreak caused by Zika virus (ZIKV) occurred in Bahia, Brazil, in 2015, largely due to transmission by the mosquito, Aedes aegypti (L.). Detecting ZIKV in field samples of Ae. aegypti has proven problematic in some locations, suggesting other mosquito species might be contributing to the spread of ZIKV. In this study, several (five) adult Aedes albopictus (Skuse) mosquitoes that emerged from a 2015 field collection of eggs from Camaçari, Bahia, Brazil, were positive for ZIKV RNA; however, attempts to isolate live virus were not successful. Results from this study suggest that field-collected Ae. albopictus eggs may contain ZIKV RNA that require further tests for infectious ZIKV. There is a need to investigate the role of Ae. albopictus in the ZIKV infection process in Brazil and to study the potential presence of vertical and sexual transmission of ZIKV in this species. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. The relationships between microbiological attributes and soil and litter quality in pure and mixed stands of native tree species in southeastern Bahia, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gama-Rodrigues, Emanuela F; Gama-Rodrigues, Antonio Carlos; Barros, Nairam F; Moço, Maria Kellen S

    2011-11-01

    This study was conducted to link soil and litter microbial biomass and activity with soil and litter quality in the surface layer for different pure and mixed stands of native tree species in southeastern Bahia, Brazil. The purpose of the study was to see how strongly the differences among species and stands affect the microbiological attributes of the soil and to identify how microbial processes can be influenced by soil and litter quality. Soil and litter samples were collected from six pure and mixed stands of six hardwood species (Peltogyne angustifolia, Centrolobium robustum, Arapatiella psilophylla, Sclerolobium chrysophyllum, Cordia trichotoma, Macrolobium latifolium) native to the southeastern region of Bahia, Brazil. In plantations of native tree species in humid tropical regions, the immobilization efficiency of C and N by soil microbial biomass was strongly related to the chemical quality of the litter and to the organic matter quality of the soil. According to the variables analyzed, the mixed stand was similar to the natural forest and dissimilar to the pure stands. Litter microbial biomass represented a greater sink of C and N than soil microbial biomass and is an important contributor of resources to tropical soils having low C and N availability.

  20. Informação Pública e Governo Eletrônico na Assembleia Legislativa da Bahia │ Public information and electronic government

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    José Carlos Sales dos Santos

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Com o potencial de interatividade e compartilhamento de conteúdos em rede, os governos viabilizam condições diversas de acesso a informações governamentais, prerrogativa essencial para a consolidação da transparência política no processo democrático. Neste contexto, e compreendida como órgão governamental produtor de informações públicas, a Assembleia Legislativa da Bahia – ALBA também procura disponibilizar conteúdos digitais orientados à sociedade. O artigo do presente artigo é analisar o modus operandi dos dispositivos comunicacionais utilizados para a disseminação e consecução de conteúdos informacionais públicos através do website da ALBA, engendrada nas estruturas de prestação de serviços propostas pelo Governo Eletrônico. Discutem-se os aspectos conceituais do governo eletrônico, as perspectivas e propostas focalizadas no marco legal brasileiro, para apresentar as possíveis aproximações da Assembleia com as categorias previstas no governo eletrônico. O roteiro de entrevista orientado aos responsáveis administrativos do website da ALBA, e a observação sistematizada do sítio, constituíram os principais instrumentos de coleta de dados. A conclusão evidencia que o site analisado respondeu satisfatoriamente à disponibilidade de informações relacionadas aos parlamentares, mas, no plano ‘interatividade’, a pesquisa apresentou uma relativa ineficácia administrativa para responder às demandas dos cidadãos. Palavras-chave Assembleia Legislativa da Bahia – ALBA, Governo Eletrônico, Conteúdos Informacionais Digitais, Informação Pública. Abstract As a governmental producer of public information, the Assembleia Legislativa da Bahia – ALBA offers political oriented digital content to citizens, as a prerogative to transparency of government activities. These informational digital content require consistent with the interest of the public and the audience to meet the essential conditions

  1. FREQUÊNCIA DE ANTICORPOS CONTRA Neospora caninum em CÃES DO MUNICÍPIO DE ILHÉUS, BAHIA REQUENCY OF ANTI-Neospora caninum ANTIBODIES IN DOGS AT MUNICIPALITY ILHEUS, BAHIA

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    Vanessa Carvalho Sampaio de Magalhães

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a frequência de cães soropositivos para Neospora caninum, no município de Ilhéus, BA, e a influência da procedência dos cães com soropositividade. Coletaram-se 161 amostras de sangue dos animais, as quais foram testadas por meio da reação de imunofluorescência indireta, empregando-se um ponto de corte de 1:50. Na análise estatística foi utilizado o teste do qui-quadrado com correção de Yates. Detectaram-se dezenove (11,8% cães soropositivos para o parasito, sendo que, entre os positivos, 21,9% eram errantes e 9,3% domiciliados (p = 0,1. Os animais residentes em áreas urbanas apresentaram uma maior soropositividade para o parasito quando comparados com os animais da área periurbana (p=0,03. Os resultados são indicativos da presença de N. caninum na região estudada.
     
    PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Caninos, fatores de risco, neosporose, prevalência.
    The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of Neospora caninum antibodies in dogs at Ilheus Municipality, in the State of Bahia, as well as the influence of the dogs’ habitat on their seropositivity. A total of 161 blood samples were collected and the indirect immunofluorescence reaction was conducted, with a cut-off of 1:50. The statistical analysis was conducted based on the chi-square test as corrected by Yates. A seropositivity of 19 (11.8% samples was determined, whereas 21.9% were stray animals and 9.3% house pets (p=0.1. The dogs in urban areas had a higher seropositivity than those periurban areas (p=0.03. Such results indicate the presence of N. caninum in the region.

    KEY WORDS: Canine, neosporosis, prevalence, risk factors.

  2. Traumatismo craniencefálico em crianças e adolescentes na cidade do Salvador - Bahia Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents at Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roberto Tude Melo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a freqüência de trauma craniencefálico (TCE nos indivíduos entre 0 e 19 anos, de acordo com o gênero, idade e etiologia. MÉTODO: Estudo descritivo realizado por meio da pesquisa em prontuário e relato das vítimas de trauma craniencefálico com idade até 19 anos, admitidas em hospital de referência para o atendimento a politraumatizados no Estado da Bahia, por um período de 1 ano. RESULTADOS: Amostra constituída de 390 pacientes, dentre os quais 280 (71,8% eram do sexo masculino. A faixa etária mais acometida foi a de adolescentes (10 a 19 anos com 177 pacientes (45,4%. A causa mais comum foi a queda de altura (34,4%. Segundo a pontuação na Escala de Coma de Glasgow, 89% dos pacientes sofreram TCE leve. CONCLUSÃO: O grupo de adolescentes foi o mais atingido, sendo a queda de altura a principal causa de TCE, com predomínio do gênero masculino, havendo preponderância do trauma leve.OBJECTIVE: To verify the frequency of traumatic brain injury (TBI in the people between 0 and 19 years of age, in accordance to gender, age and cause of trauma. METHOD: Descriptive study made through a period of a year, in all TBI victims, aged until 19 years admitted in a reference trauma center. RESULTS: The sample had a total of 390 patients; 280 (71.8% were boys. The main age of the victims was between 10 to 19 years (adolescents with 177 patients (45.4%. The most common cause of trauma was height falls (34.4%. According to the Glasgow Coma Scale, 89% had suffered mild TBI. CONCLUSION: The main group of victims was the adolescents; the most important cause of TBI was height fall, with masculine predominance and mild trauma.

  3. Fatores associados à dislipidemia em crianças e adolescentes de escolas públicas de Salvador, Bahia Factors associated with dyslipidemia in children and adolescents enrolled in public schools of Salvador, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Dário de Alcântara Neto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo aborda os fatores associados a dislipidemia em crianças e adolescentes matriculados na rede pública de ensino da cidade de Salvador, BA. MÉTODOS: Os participantes foram submetidos a avaliação antropométrica, coleta de sangue para dosagem de colesterol e triglicérides. As informações relacionadas a consumo alimentar, atividade física e condições socioeconômicas e de moradia da família foram fornecidas pelos responsáveis. Regressão logistica mutivariada foi utilizada para as avaliações de interesse. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de dislipidemia encontrada no presente estudo foi de 25,5% (IC:95% 22,7; 28,3. Observou-se associação positiva e estatiticamentre significante entre dislipidemia e excesso de peso (0R = 3,40; IC95%: 2,07-5,58, moderado e alto consumo de alimentos de risco (OR = 1,49; IC95%: 1,01-2,19, baixo e moderado consumo de alimentos protetores (OR = 1,54; IC95%: 1,05-2,26 e menor nível de escolaridade materna (OR = 1,72; IC95%: 1,05-2,26. CONCLUSÃO: O excesso de peso, consumo alimentar inadequado e baixa escolaridade materna constituem fatores associados a dislipidemia.OBJECTIVE: We assessed the factors associated with dyslipidemia in children and adolescents enrolled in the public school system of the city of Salvador, Bahia. METHODS: All participants were submitted to anthropometric evaluation and to cholesterol and triglyceride blood tests. Data related to food intake, physical activity and family socioeconomic and housing conditions were obtained from parents or guardians. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 25.5% (IC:95% 22.7; 28.3. We observed a significant positive association between dyslipidemia and the following factors: overweight (OR = 3.40, 95% CI 2.07 to 5.58, moderate and high intake of risk food (OR = 1.49, 95%: 1.01 to 2.19, low and moderate intake of protective foods (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.26 and lower

  4. Study of uranium leaching from industrial residues of Industrias Nucleares do Brazil S.A. (INB), Caetite, Bahia, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Formiga, Thiago S.; Morais, Carlos A., E-mail: cmorais@cdtn.b [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Gomiero, Luiz A., E-mail: gomiero@inb.gov.b [Industrias Nucleares do Brasil S/A (INB), Caetite, BA (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The uraniferous district of Lagoa Real, located in the south-central region of the state of Bahia, has reserves estimated at 100,000 tons of uranium, which is enough to supply Angra I, II and III for 100 more years. The process adopted for the beneficiation of the uranium ore from Lagoa Real is heap leaching, a static process in which the ore is crushed, disposed in heaps and irrigated with a sulfuric acid solution to remove the uranium. This technique has a relatively low cost of implementation, although the yield of uranium recovery is low, with an uranium content in the leached residue of 700 {mu}g/g U{sub 3}O{sub 8} for ores with an initial content of 2,700 {mu}g/g U{sub 3}O{sub 8}. With the deepening of the mine pit, an increase in the carbonate content in the ore was noted, which required a higher acid consumption in the leaching. In order to reduce the concentration of carbonates, a study of the ore concentration by flotation column was accomplished. The flotation reject had high carbonate content, with a uranium content of about 2,300 {mu}g/g U{sub 3}O{sub 8} for flotation in one column and 1,100 {mu}g/g U{sub 3}O{sub 8} for flotation in two columns. This paper presents the study of the leaching process for the recovery of the uranium present in the residue of the heap leaching and in the carbonated residue from the flotation of the anomaly 13 ore. The results indicate the feasibility of treating the waste of the heap leaching through dynamic leaching. The study of the uranium leaching from the flotation residue through acid leaching technique indicated a recovery of 96% of uranium, however with a high consumption of acid, around 450 kg/t, showing that for this case, the most suitable technique for the process is alkaline leaching. (author)

  5. Vertical distribution of potentially toxic elements in sediments impacted by intertidal geothermal hot springs (Bahia Concepcion, Gulf of California)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal-Acosta, M. L.; Shumilin, E.

    2016-12-01

    The intertidal geothermal hot springs (GHS) in Bahia Concepcion, Gulf of California are the source of potentially toxic elements to the adjacent marine environment surrounded by mangroves trees. The anoxic sediments enriched in organic carbon accumulate As, Hg and other heavy metals that can be bioavailable for the biota. To know the vertical distribution of these elements the geochemistry of a short sediment core was carried out. It was collected in June, 2010 in the mangrove area near to GHS (1 m) during a low tide, pushing manually a polypropylene tube into the sediments. The extracted sediment core was cut with plastic knife on 1 cm thick sub-samples, stored in plastic bags and transported on ice to the laboratory. The major and trace elements contents were determinate by ICP-MS after total digestion with stronger acids (HClO4-HNO3-HCl-HF). Certificate reference materials were used for the quality control of the method obtaining good recoveries for most of the elements (80-105%). The sediment core had high maximum contents of CaCO3 (70%) and total organic carbon (12%). The concentration of Hg along the core ranges from 650 to 74300 mg kg-1 and had more than three orders of magnitude above the reference values of 40 mg kg-1 for the Upper Continental Crust (UCC)1. In contrast, As ranges from 12 to 258 mg kg-1 resulting in more than one order of magnitude respect to UCC1 (1.7 mg kg-1). Similar pattern result for Mn, Cu, Pb, and Zn with the maximum values of 3200 mg kg-1, 42 mg kg-1, 12.4 mg kg-1, 71 mg kg-1 respectively that coincide with the maximum for As at the same core depth (4 cm). The Ca, Li, Co, Sb, U, and Mg also show high contents in comparison with the UCC1reference values. The maximum contents of Mo and Cd coincide with maximum concentration of sulfur (2%) at 6 to 8 cm. The enrichment factor calculated using Al as normalizing element showed Cd (7-280), As (26-329) and Hg (23-1196) as highly enriched mainly in the first centimeters of the sediment core

  6. The -308 bp TNF gene polymorphism influences tumor necrosis factor expression in leprosy patients in Bahia State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Joyce Moura; Rêgo, Jamile Leão; de Lima Santana, Nadja; Braz, Marcos; Jamieson, Sarra E; Vieira, Thaillamar Silva; Magalhães, Thaís Lamêgo; Machado, Paulo Roberto Lima; Blackwell, Jenefer M; Castellucci, Léa C

    2016-04-01

    Leprosy or Hansen's disease is a debilitating chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, with high incidence and prevalence in Brazil. The -308 bp G/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP rs1800629) in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene promoter is a proposed risk factor for leprosy. In Brazil, Northern India, Egypt and Nepal, the common G allele was associated with leprosy. In Eastern India, Thailand and Malawi the minor A allele was the risk factor. Allele A was previously associated with high TNF. We genotyped rs1800629 in 326 leprosy cases from Bahia State, Brazil, including 72 paucibacillary (PB) and 47 multibacillary (MB) without reactions, and 69 reversal reaction (RR) and 78 erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) with reactions. Logistic regression was used to compare patient groups with 331 healthy controls. Relative TNF mRNA was determined in peripheral blood leukocytes by QRTPCR, and serum TNF levels measured by ELISA. We found that TNF mRNA expression was higher (P=0.03) in leprosy patients compared to endemic controls, but did not differ significantly between clinical subgroups. Carriage of the minor A allele was associated (P=0.003) with low TNF mRNA across leprosy patients. Nevertheless, we found no evidence for either allele at this SNP as a risk factor for leprosy per se (OR=1.12, 95% CI 0.79-1.60, P=0.52), PB (OR=0.99, 95% CI 0.54-1.81, P=0.97), MB (OR=0.86, 95% CI 0.40-1.83, P=0.70), RR (OR=1.37, 95% CI 0.79-2.38, P=0.27) or ENL (OR=0.76, 95% CI 0.40-1.45, P=0.42) when compared to endemic controls. Further studies are required to determine whether the influence of the minor A allele on TNF mRNA levels determines response to treatment, particularly in the context of ENL reaction treatment with anti-TNF therapies and RR reactions where treatment with prednisolone is known to reduce TNF levels. Our findings contribute to understanding TNF as an important determinant of leprosy immunopathology in Brazil. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B

  7. Florística e fitossociologia em um trecho de restinga no Litoral Norte do Estado da Bahia

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    Christiano Marcelino Menezes

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2012v25n1p31 As restingas são ambientes geologicamente recentes e as espécies que as habitam são típicas de ecossistemas adjacentes como as Florestas Ombrófilas, as Matas de Tabuleiro e a Caatinga, sendo este, o aspecto mais importante na sua composição de espécies, que é composta por diversas formas biológicas, tais como árvores, arbustos, herbáceas eretas e reptantes. O estudo foi realizado no Município de Mata de São João na vila de Praia do Forte, localizada ao longo do Litoral Norte do Estado da Bahia. Com o objetivo de avaliar se há existência de diferentes comunidades vegetais em um trecho de restinga, foram locadas quatro transecções de 200m com cinco unidades amostrais de 100m2 cada. Ao final do estudo foram amostrados 1.640 indivíduos distribuídos em 68 espécies. Os dados florísticos e fitossociológicos associados à análise de Cluster apontam a existência de duas comunidades vegetais distintas, sendo elas uma Mata de Restinga (Transecções 3 e 4 e uma Restinga em Moitas (Transecções 1 e 2. Uma elevada diversidade de espécies foi detectada nas transecções 1 e 2 (H’ = 3,882 e 3 e 4 (H’ =3,835, além de uma diferença significativa na composição das espécies entre elas (p < 0,001. As famílias mais representativas em número de espécies foram: Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae e Malpighiaceae.

  8. PARADOXOS ENTRE TAIPU DE FORA E TAIPU DE DENTRO / APA DE MARAÚ-BAHIA: TURISMO E IDENTIDADE LOCAL

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    Ivan Rêgo Aragão

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} O presente trabalho tem como objeto de estudo duas localidades geograficamente próximas, mas díspares em suas realidades: Taipu de Fora e de Dentro, ambas na Bahia. O objetivo foi o de realizar um estudo comparativo sobre a ocupação do espaço pelo turismo, e seus reflexos na identidade dos dois povoados. Foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa exploratória, primeiramente através de pesquisa bibliográfica, seguida de observação in loco e entrevistas abertas e semiestruturadas. Ainda em campo, e após a visita, buscou-se relacionar os conceitos de ‘alma do lugar’, memória, sentimento de pertença e patrimônio imaterial. A análise dos resultados foi realizada relacionando-se os relatos coletados na pesquisa exploratória, com a observação direta, buscando-se as aproximações e as diferenças na relação entre turismo, espaço e identidade. Dessa forma, a relevância deste estudo se dá ao estimular a reflexão acerca das contradições proporcionadas pela atividade turística.  

  9. Hygienic sanitary conditions of sun dried meat marketed in Cruz das Almas, Bahia and detection of strains with antimicrobial resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Suely Evangelista-Barreto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the microbiological, physical and chemical qualities of sun dried meat marketed in Cruz das Almas, Bahia, as well as trace the resistance profile of the isolated strains against different commercial pharmacos. There were collected and analysed 36 samples of sun dried meat, acquired in 12 different establishment (supermarkets, mini-markets, butchers and a municipal market, and quantified mesophilic aerobic bacteria, coliforms, Staphylococcus coagulase positive, E. coli and presence of Salmonella spp., as well as specific content humidity, water activity (Aw and chloride. In 83% of the establishments, mesophilic bacteria counted > 105 CFU.g-1 and 58% coliforms at 35º C > 105 NMP.g- 1 and coliforms at 45ºC > 103 NMP.g-1. Escherichia coli was isolated in 75% of the establishments. Staphylococcus spp. ranged from 4.8 x 104 to 9.0 x 108 UFC.g-1, not being isolated Staphylococcus coagulase positive. Salmonella was found in 25% of the establishments. The humidity in the sun dried meat samples ranged from 52.37% to 74.69%, the Aw from 0.87 to 0.95 and the chloride from 3.16% to 5.98%. Salmonella was 100% resistant to tetracycline, acid nalidixic, cephalothin and erythromycin, with intermediate resistance to ampicillin and gentamicin. Escherichia coli was resistant to erythromycin (100%, ampicillin (68.7%, cephalothin (71.4%, tetracycline (64.2%, nalidixic acid (35.7% and gentamicin (12.5%. Multiresistant strains of E. coli were observed in 87.5% of the isolates, and it happened that in 28.6% of the resistance it was mediated by plasmids. Multidrug resistance profile was observed in all Salmonella, with a strain showing plasmid resistance. The marketing of sun dried meat in Cruz das Almas presents hygienic and sanitary failures due to it’s high microbial loads. This fact undermines the safety and product lifetime, and may also pose risk to public health since it markets strains with antimicrobial.

  10. Speciation analysis of inorganic antimony in sediment samples from São Paulo Estuary, Bahia State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Mario Marques; Leao, Danilo Junqueira; Moreira, Ícaro Thiago Andrade; de Oliveira, Olívia Maria Cordeiro; de Souza Queiroz, Antônio Fernando; Ferreira, Sergio Luis Costa

    2015-06-01

    This paper proposes an extraction procedure for the speciation analysis of inorganic antimony in sediment samples using slurry sampling and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimization step of extraction of the species was performed employing a full two-level factorial design (2(3)) and a Box-Behnken matrix where the studied factors in both experiments were: extraction temperature, ultrasonic radiation time, and hydrochloric acid concentration. Using the optimized conditions, antimony species can be extracted in closed system using a 6.0 M hydrochloric acid solution at temperature of 70 °C and an ultrasonic radiation time of 20 min. The determination of antimony is performed in presence of 2.0 M hydrochloric acid solution using HG AAS by external calibration technique with limits of detection and quantification of 5.6 and 19.0 ng L(-1) and a precision expressed as relative standard deviation of 5.6 % for an antimony solution with concentration of 6.0 μg L(-1). The accuracy of the method was confirmed by analysis of two certified reference materials of sediments. For a sample mass of sediment of 0.20 g, the limits of detection and quantification obtained were 0.70 and 2.34 ng g(-1), respectively. During speciation analysis, antimony(III) is determined in presence of citrate, while total antimony is quantified after reduction of antimony(V) to antimony(III) using potassium iodide and ascorbic acid. The method was applied for analysis of six sediment samples collected in São Paulo Estuary (Bahia State, Brazil). The antimony contents obtained varied from 45.3 to 89.1 ng g(-1) for total antimony and of 17.7 to 31.4 ng g(-1) for antimony(III). These values are agreeing with other data reported by the literature for this element in uncontaminated sediment samples.

  11. Chumbo e cádmio no sangue e estado nutricional de crianças, Bahia, Brasil Lead and cadmium in the blood and their relation to the nutritional status of children in Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

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    Fernando Martins Carvalho

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available Num estudo de prevalência foi estudada a relação entre níveis de chumbo (PbS e de cádmio no sangue (CdS e o estado nutricional de crianças de 1 a 9 anos de idade, residentes a menos de 900 metros de uma fundição primária de chumbo, situada em Santo Amaro da Purificação, Bahia, Brasil. Em 555 crianças o nível médio (média ± s de PbS foi de 2,84 ±1,20 µmol/1. Em 396 crianças, o nível médio de CdS (geométrico foi de 0,087 µmol/1, com desvio padrão de 2,5. Os níveis de PbS e de CdS estavam extremamente elevados, mas não variaram significantemente entre subgrupos de crianças de diferentes estados nutricionais. Análises de regressão múltipla não mostraram associações estatisticamente significantes entre os níveis de PbS ou logCdS 1 malnutrição, medida através da relação peso/altura, mantidos constantes os efeitos de idade, sexo, grupo racial, hábito de geofagia, distância do domicílio da criança à fundição, ser filho de trabalhador da fundição, renda familiar, balanço de ferro do organismo e infestação ancilostomótica severa. A distância do domicílio da criança à fundição foi a variável que se mostrou mais fortemente associada à variação dos níveis de PbS ou de logCdS. O peso ou a altura de crianças com baixos níveis de chumbo no sangue (iguais ou inferiores a 1,68 µmol/1 não estavam significantemente associados com os níveis de PbS, mas mostraram elevada correlação com a idade dos indivíduos.The levels of lead in blood (PbB and of cadmium in blood (CdB were related to nutritional status, in the context of a prevalence study, carried out in a population of 1 to 9 year-old children, living at less than 900 meters from a primary lead smelter in Santo Amaro City, State of Bahia, Brazil. Among 555 children, the arithmetical mean and standard deviation of PbB levels was 2.84 ± 1.20 (µmol/1. More than seventy-five per cent of the children presented PbB higher than 1,68 µmol/1 (or 35

  12. Resultados preliminares de um projeto sobre a ecologia dos flebotomineos vetores de leishmaniose tegumenar no estado da Bahia

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    Italo A. Sherlock

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados resultados preliminares de um projeto sobre a ecologia dos flebotomíneos, vetores de leishmaniose tegumentar, numa área de plantação de cacau no sul do Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Nesta área existem 60 casas, afastadas entre si, onde vivem 229 habitantes e 31 cães. Entre os moradores, 45% tinham reação de Montenegro positiva; destes, 8,8% eram portadores de úlceras em atividade e 37% de cicatrizes de úlceras. Dos cães, 22% eram soropositivos. Dos 7 cães com úlceras, apenas 3 eram soropositivos. Em 14% das casas inspecionadas, foram encontrados flebótomos. Durante dois anos, 72 hamsters foram mantidos como sentinelas em casas de pacientes com úlceras leishmanióticas, porém nehum adquiriu a infecção. Foram coletados e identificados 5.614 exemplares de flebótomos pertencentes a 14 diferentes espécies. Entre estas, Lutzomyia whitmani (92% e Lutzomyia intermedia (4,8 % eram as espécies mais abundantes. Esses flebótomos, muito antropofílicos, podiam ser encontrados dentro das casas e nas suas periferias e são provavelmente, os principais vetores da doença no ambiente doméstico. As outras 12 espécies eram menos frequentes e mais encontrados em ambientes silvestres, onde também picavam o homem. A maioria das espécies começava a aparecer às 17 horas, no crepúsculo, e alcançava sua densidade máxima às 24 horas, quando declinava até desaparecer às 6 horas da manhã. L. whitmani em todas as fases lunares foi capturada com a mesma densidade, enquanto L.intermedia foi mais abundante durante a fase de lua nova. Centenas de flebótomos coletados mensalmente durante o segundo ano de observações, permanecem preservados em nitrogênio líquido, aguardando o ajustamento de técnicas de PCR para a verificação da taxa de infecção natural desses vetores por leishmânia. Os resultadosfinais de todo o projeto serão publicados tão logo seja examinado esse material.Preliminary data of a project about the ecology

  13. The dominant 55 kDa allergen of the subtropical Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum) pollen is a group 13 pollen allergen, Pas n 13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Janet M; Voskamp, Astrid; Dang, Thanh D; Pettit, Benjamin; Loo, Dorothy; Petersen, Arnd; Hill, Michelle M; Upham, John W; Rolland, Jennifer M; O'Hehir, Robyn E

    2011-03-01

    Bahia grass, Paspalum notatum, is an important pollen allergen source with a long season of pollination and wide distribution in subtropical and temperate regions. We aimed to characterize the 55 kDa allergen of Bahia grass pollen (BaGP) and ascertain its clinical importance. BaGP extract was separated by 2D-PAGE and immunoblotted with serum IgE of a grass pollen-allergic patient. The amino-terminal protein sequence of the predominant allergen isoform at 55 kDa had similarity with the group 13 allergens of Timothy grass and maize pollen, Phl p 13 and Zea m 13. Four sequences obtained by rapid amplification of the allergen cDNA ends represented multiple isoforms of Pas n 13. The predicted full length cDNA for Pas n 13 encoded a 423 amino acid glycoprotein including a signal peptide of 28 residues and with a predicted pI of 7.0. Tandem mass spectrometry of tryptic peptides of 2D gel spots identified peptides specific to the deduced amino acid sequence for each of the four Pas n 13 cDNA, representing 47% of the predicted mature protein sequence of Pas n 13. There was 80.6% and 72.6% amino acid identity with Zea m 13 and Phl p 13, respectively. Reactivity with a Phl p 13-specific monoclonal antibody AF6 supported designation of this allergen as Pas n 13. The allergen was purified from BaGP extract by ammonium sulphate precipitation, hydrophobic interaction and size exclusion chromatography. Purified Pas n 13 reacted with serum IgE of 34 of 71 (48%) grass pollen-allergic patients and specifically inhibited IgE reactivity with the 55 kDa band of BaGP for two grass pollen-allergic donors. Four isoforms of Pas n 13 from pI 6.3-7.8 had IgE-reactivity with grass pollen allergic sera. The allergenic activity of purified Pas n 13 was demonstrated by activation of basophils from whole blood of three grass pollen-allergic donors tested but not control donors. Pas n 13 is thus a clinically relevant pollen allergen of the subtropical Bahia grass likely to be important in eliciting

  14. Flutuações econômicas, crise política e greve geral na Bahia da Primeira República

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    Aldrin A. S. Castellucci

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Em junho de 1919, eclodiu em Salvador a primeira greve geral da Bahia, rapidamente se expandindo para várias cidades do Recôncavo e convertendo-se no mais espetacular episódio da história da classe operária baiana em toda a Primeira República. Demonstramos, neste artigo, que tal movimento foi condicionado por três fatores, dois deles de caráter exógeno e um endógeno ao próprio movimento operário. Os condicionantes externos estão relacionados às flutuações econômicas derivadas da Primeira Guerra Mundial e à crise política criada pela cisão interoligárquica por ocasião das eleições estaduais e federais em 1919. O terceiro condicionante, de natureza endógena à classe operária, diz respeito às mudanças operadas em sua organização sindical e política. Conjugados, esses três elementos foram fundamentais para a eclosão e vitória do movimento.In June 1919, it was deflagrated the first general strike in Bahia, rapidly spreading out towards many other cities of the "Recôncavo" area and becoming the most spectacular episode of the Bahia's working class history in the whole Brazil's "1st Republic" period. It will be demonstrated in this article that such a social mobilization was determined by three factors, two of which having an exogenous nature, and the third one being inherent in the working men's mobilization itself. The exogenous factors are linked to the economic ups and downs due to the World War I and to the 1919's crisis. The third factor, inherent in the working class itself, refers to changes occurred in its trade unions and political structure. Held together, these three factors were fundamental for the start-up and success of this social mobilization.

  15. Desempenho fisiológico de sementes de algodão cultivadas em Luís Eduardo Magalhães, Bahia

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    R. T. C. Nunes

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi desenvolvido no laboratório de tecnologia de sementes da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Campus de Vitória da Conquista UESB, com objetivo de avaliar a qualidade fisiológica de sementes de algodão (Gossypium hirsutum L., utilizando-se cinco cultivares (DP 604, FM 993, BRS 368, TMG 642 e DELTA OPAL. As sementes foram submetidas aos seguintes testes: teor de água, peso de mil sementes, germinação, primeira contagem de germinação, índice de velocidade de emergência, emergência, comprimento da parte aérea, massa seca das plântulas e condutividade elétrica. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, em quatro repetições de 50 sementes por tratamento. A cultivar TMG 642 demonstrou baixa qualidade fisiológica das sementes, quando comparados com as cultivares DP 604, FM 993, BRS 368, e DELTA OPAL. Os testes de germinação, condutividade elétrica e índice de velocidade de germinação mostraram eficiência na separação de cultivares de sementes de algodão em níveis de vigor. Physiological performance of cottonseed grown in Luís Eduardo Magalhães, BahiaABSTRACT: This study was conducted at the State University of seed technology laboratory of Southwest Bahia, Campus Victory Conquest, UESB, to evaluate the physiological quality of cotton seeds (Gossypium hirsutum L., using five cultivars (DP 604, FM 993, BRS 368, GMT 642 and DELTA OPAL. Seeds were subjected to the following tests: water content, weight of a thousand seeds, germination, first count, emergence speed index, emergency, shoot length, dry mass of seedlings and electrical conductivity. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four replications of 50 seeds per treatment. The cultivar TMG 642 demonstrated low physiological seed quality when compared with the DP 604 cultivars, FM 993, BRS 368, and DELTA OPAL. Germination tests, electrical conductivity and germination rate index showed efficiency

  16. Uso popular de plantas medicinais por mulheres da comunidade quilombola de Furadinho em Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brasil

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    L. R. Oliveira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com este trabalho realizar um levantamento do uso popular de plantas medicinais por mulheres da Comunidade Quilombola de Furadinho em Vitória da Conquista-Bahia. O trabalho foi realizado na comunidade Quilombola de Furadinho, visando identificar as principais plantas utilizadas com fins medicinais, as formas de obtenção, sua indicação medicinal, a parte da planta utilizada, as formas de preparo, bem como as formas de obtenção e transmissão deste conhecimento. Para a realização dessa pesquisa foram entrevistadas 14mulheres com idades variadas, moradoras dessa comunidade, através de questionários semi estruturados, e análise descritiva. Constatou-se um vasto conhecimento relacionado ao uso de plantas medicinais entre as entrevistadas, o qual foi adquirido de forma oral através de pais e avós. As plantas medicinais utilizadas são em sua maioria cultivadas em quintais, sendo as folhas a parte mais utilizada nas preparações medicamentosas, e a principal forma de preparo são os chás. Foram identificadas 30 plantas com fins medicinais e terapêuticos, sendo a Erva cidreira, o Capim santo, o Hortelã grosso, a Arruda e a Erva doce as mais utilizadas.Popularized use of medicinal plants by women of Quilombo of Furadinho community in Vitoria da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil Abstract: This work aimed to carry out a survey of the popular use of medicinal plants by women of Furadinho Quilombo Community in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia. The work was conducted in the Furadinho Quilombo Community, aiming at identifying the main plants used for medical purposes, the ways of obtaining, its indication medicinal, the part of the plant used, the forms of preparation, as well as ways of obtaining and transmission of this knowledge. For the realization of this research were interviewed 14 women with ages varied, dwell in this community, through semi-structured questionnaires, and descriptive analysis. It was found a vast knowledge related to

  17. Avaliação das ações de vigilância sanitária em um município do Recôncavo da Bahia / Evaluation of the sanitary surveillance actions in a municipality of Recôncavo Bahia

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    Cíntia Loren Conceição Tibúrcio

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou avaliar as ações de vigilância sanitária em um município do Recôncavo da Bahia. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado no ano de 2011, a partir de observações e vivências no cotidiano de trabalho de vigilância sanitária e por análise documental do Plano de Ação em Vigilância Sanitária, do Manual de Normas e Rotinas e os Indicadores Mensais, os quais foram confrontados à luz da Resolução Comissão Intergestores Bipartite da Bahia (CIB nº 084/2011. A análise indica aspectos restritivos de ordem estrutural e técnico-operacional que refl etem diretamente no gerenciamento do risco sanitário e, em especial, nas atividades de inspeção. Todavia o setor tem se destacado com bom desempenho nas ações educativas, na apuração dedenúncias e no monitoramento da potabilidade da água destinada ao consumo humano. Sugere-se reavaliação das demandas estruturais e organizacionais da vigilância sanitária e priorização de suas ações dentro da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde. ----------------------------------------------------------- This study aimed to evaluate the actions of sanitary surveillance on the city of Recôncavo, Bahia. This cross-sectional study conducted in 2011, from observations and experiences in the everyday work of Sanitary Surveillance, and document analysis of the Plan of Action on Surveillance, Manual of Rules and Routines, and Benchmarks, which were compared with the resolution of Bahia Bipartite Commission (IWC number 084/2011. The analysis indicates restrictive aspects of structural and technical-operational that directly refl ect the sanitary risk management, in particular, the inspection activities. However, the sector has emerged with good performance in educational activities in the investigation of complaints and monitoring of drinking water intended for consumption human. It is suggested reassessment of the structural and organizational demands of Sanitary

  18. Leptospirose-infecção e forma subclínica em crianças de Salvador, Bahia Leptospiral infection and subclinical presentation among children in Salvador, Bahia

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    Hagamenon R. Silva

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste trabalho foram estimar a freqüência da leptospirose e os fatores de risco em crianças de 2 a 15 anos de idade, de ambos sexos, contactantes-domiciliares dos pacientes internados (casos-índices no Hospital Couto Maia, com diagnóstico de leptospirose (ELISA-IgM positivo. De 148 pessoas, dos domicílios dos 25 casos-índices, selecionados aleatoriamente, 73 (49,3% contatos-domiciliares foram submetidos à avaliação clínico-epidemiológica e ao mesmo teste diagnóstico em soros pareados. Os resultados das IgM e IgG classificaram os 73 contatos-domiciliares em três grupos: A (infecção aguda ou recente, 30 (41,1% casos; B (não-infectados, 34(46,6% crianças e C (infecção antiga, nove (12,3%. Entre os do Grupo A, cinco (16,7% apresentaram manifestações de resfriado comum. O sexo, o grupo racial, a idade e a presença de cão no domicílio não apresentaram diferenças estatísticas significantes, entre os grupos A e B. Todavia, nas crianças do grupo A predominaram (pThe purposes of this investigation were to identify the frequency and risk factors of leptospiral infection among children aged between 2 and 15 years in Salvador, Bahia, household contacts of patients (index-cases hospitalized at Couto Maia Hospital due to Leptospira interrogans (ELISA IgM positive. Among 148 household contacts from 25 selected index-cases, clinical and epidemiological data were collected and ELISA IGM and IgG were performed in paired sera (between 20 days from 73 (49.3%. This diagnostic method divided the 73 household contacts into three groups: group A (acute or recent leptospiral infection, 30 (41.1% children, group B (not- infected 34 (46.6% and group C, (past infection nine (12.3% children. In group A five (16.7% had cold syndrome simile. No statistically significant difference was found between groups A and B for sex, race, age and presence of pet dog. However, in group A there was a statistically significant predominance (p < 0

  19. Carteira de Trabalho, artigo de luxo: o perfil psicossocial de trabalhadores informais em Salvador, Bahia Working card, a luxury item: the psycho-social profile of informal workers in Salvador, Bahia