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Sample records for camac system

  1. CAMAC system and microprocessors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Questions of the application of microprocesses carried out in the CAMAC standard in research automation systems are discussed. The design diagrams of microprocess controllers developed by foreign firms are described. The MaCAMAC and CAM 10 controllers are designed on the basis of the 8080 microprocessor with a fast storage device of 2 kbits capacity. The 3800 microcomputer, designed in the CAMAC standard on the basis of the 8080 A microprocessor is considered. It is noted that the use of a sequential CAMAC system for collection and processing of data being received from objects scattered over a large territory holds much promise. A system of automatic regulation and control of particle beams, used on a computer in Batavia (USA), is described by way of example

  2. Subsidiary FORTRAN subroutines at INS CAMAC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The INS on-line system consists of the central computer, FACOM M-180II/AD, and the terminal ones, PANAFACOM U-400s. The data taking in the experiments are performed using the CAMAC system at the U-400. All programs of the on-line system including the CAMAC parts can be written by the FORTRAN language which was already explained elsewhere. But some parts of the programing of the CAMAC system need a bit pattern expression. These are the writing of the CAMAC control block (mainly Branch Driver control parameters), or the making of command words for read-, write-, or control-operations. These bit patterns are given by a DATA statement or a hexadecimal number. And the programs of these parts are a little bit difficult to write, to read, or to understand. Then subsidiary functions and subroutines are made in order to write easily a CAMAC control block and command words. This note explains how to use these functions and subroutines. (author)

  3. Optically coupled CAMAC analog input output system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In an accelerator system, especially in ion sources, signals are exchanged between devices at different potentials. We have four ion sources in the negative ion injector for the JAERI tandem accelerator. Voltage to frequency conversion technic and optical fiber were used in the previous system. When we intended to extend the injector, we decided to revise the system to improve accuracy and reliability. For the purpose, we developed a new CAMAC module. It is an interface device between CAMAC dataway and optical fiber. The module has frequency synthesizers, frequency counters, optical transmitters and optical receivers in it. Accuracy, reliability and maintenability of the system were greatly improved by the module. (author)

  4. CAMAC based inter-compter communications system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenwood, D.E.; Burris, R.D.; Young, K.G.

    1981-10-01

    We have used CAMAC hardware to provide communications between dissimilar computers for the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) experiment. The software supports file and individual message transfers. The system has proven to be both reliable and fast, with transmission rates of about 36,000 baud.

  5. CAMAC based inter-compter communications system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have used CAMAC hardware to provide communications between dissimilar computers for the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) experiment. The software supports file and individual message transfers. The system has proven to be both reliable and fast, with transmission rates of about 36,000 baud

  6. A camac data acquisition system based on PC-Linux

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A multi-parametric data acquisition system for Nuclear Physics experiments using camac instrumentation on a personal computer with the Linux operating system in described. The system is very reliable, inexpensive and is capable of handling event rates up to 4-6 k events/s. In the present version, the maximum number of parameters to be acquired is limited only by the number of camac modules that can be fitted in one camac crate

  7. A CAMAC system for cardiologic monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Standard CAMAC rules and features are summarized and a configuration is described for E.C.G. monitoring in intensive care units. This configuration contains intelligent modules (including microprocessors) for the biomedical signals pre-processing and for the CAMAC control. One of these modules analyses in real time the arrythmias from two different E.C.G. channels. With micro-programmed algorithms each arrhythmia is counted and stored in numerical files which are transmitted via the CAMAC data-way to an autonomous crate controller JCAM-10 linked to an interactive graphic and alphanumeric display unit. (author)

  8. System Interconnect Bus (SIB) compatible multi crate CAMAC Controller (CC)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes design of SIB compatible crate controller with PC interface. SIB is a general-purpose parallel 1/O interface bus used for connecting multi crate system with single PC-interface. The crate controller comprises of a dedicated PC-AT add-on SIB interface card and two width CAMAC module designed to work at station 24 and station 25 of CAMAC crate. PC Interface card (SIBINT) is used for communication between PC/AT host computer and CAMAC Crates. The controller module incorporates a set of registers, logic to generate CAMAC data way timing. Transmission protocol used is RS485 standard. This controller is used for multiple CAMAC crates system, interfaced to PC, using a 60 core twisted pair flat ribbon cable. The crate controller is developed for use in process control, general-purpose data acquisition and control system and laboratory automation. Sustained data transfer rate achieved by controller is 115 Kword/sec each word being 32 bits in length. (author)

  9. The simulation of CAMAC system based on Windows API

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on Windows API, a kind of design method to simulate the CAMAC System, which is commonly used in nuclear physics experiments, is developed. Using C++ object-oriented programming, the simulation is carried out in the environment of Visual Studio 2010 and the interfaces, the data-way, the control commands and the modules are simulated with the functions either user-defined or from Windows API. Applying this method, the amplifier plug AMP575A produced by ORTEC is simulated and performance experiments are studied for this simulation module. The results indicate that the simulation module can fulfill the function of pole-zero adjustment, which means this method is competent for the simulation of CAMAC System. Compared with the simulation based on LabVIEW, this way is more flexible and closer to the bottom of the system. All the works above have found a path to making the virtual instrument platform based on CAMAC system. (authors)

  10. Time digitizer in CAMAC format for vidicon systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This time digitizer in TTL logic can digitize X coordinates of track pulses from vidicon systems using a 64 MHz clock and a single counter. The X coordinates are stored in an intermediate FIFO-memory (64 word X 16 bit) at 10 MHz frequency and the FIFO readout is possible in parallel, at CAMAC rate. The digital definition of the centroid of the track pulses is also implemented and the Y coordinates are stored only after the line scans with information. Thus a time resolution of 15 ns is possible, the data words readout rate is limited only by the CAMAC rate and idle words are not stored. (Auth.)

  11. New control system: solutions for CAMAC and VME integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three solutions for a new control system are presented. This system must integrate the whole existing CAMAC park with its LTR software, the VME modules for new interfaces and new processes, user interfaces integrating workstations for best graphic visualizations of setting tasks, the use of ETHERNET net and of the programming language ADA. (A.B.). 3 figs

  12. CAMAC data acquisition system based on micro VAXII

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CAMAC data acquisition system based on Micro VAXII Computer provides high-speed, Zero-suppressed, and 256-parameter CAMAC acquisition. It consists of three parts: control logic unit, CAMAC readout system and host computer system. When the control logical unit is triggered by external electronic selection signal, it produces a pilot signal to keep all of the parameters of a particular event together. Event-model data have been collected by using a CAMAC Fast Crate controller. The host computer system, in hard environment, is equipped with certain peripheral device. It includes the following: 1. at least two M990 GCR, 6250B/inch, magnetic tape driver operating at 75 inches per second or faster; 2. a Tektronix 4014 storage scope; 3. a laser printer, LND3-AE or copier which is capable of making hard-copies of Tektronix 4014 screen; 4. a control console device and a line printer; 5. x-press color graphics terminal; 6. DEC network. When the system is in real-time acquisition, it is able, on-line, to handle and analyse data stream, to monitor and control experiment and to display dynamically spectra on the Tektronix 4014

  13. CAMAC - A modular instrumentation system for data handling. Revised description and specification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CAMAC is a modern data handling system in widespread use with on-line digital computers. It is based on a digital highway for data and control. The CAMAC specifications ensures compatibility between equipment from different sources. The revised specification introduces several new features, but is consistent with the previous version (EUR 4100e, 1969). The CAMAC system was specified by European laboratories, through the Esone Committee, and has been endorsed by the USAEC NIM Committee, who have an identical specification (TID-25875)

  14. A CAMAC based knob controller for the LAMPF control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control computer for the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) has been recently upgraded from an SEL-840 to a VAX 11/780 running the VMS operating system. As part of this upgrade, a CAMAC-based knob controller was developed for the new control system. The knobs allow the facility operators to have slew control over software selectable accelerator devices. An alphanumeric display associated with each knob monitors the progress of the selected device. This paper describes the system requirements for the new LAMPF knob controller, and the resulting hardware and software design

  15. Introducing CAMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CAMAC instrumentation standard is a precise set of rules for the design and interfacing of modular, compatible equipment used in on-line data acquisition and process control. The specifications of the system define the mechanical, electrical and functional characteristics of the system components, and the protocols for data transfer via defined data highway to and from computers. The paper describes the basic CAMAC system configurations using the Dataway in the crate, the parallel Branch Highway for high data rates at short distance and the Serial Highway for moderate data rates in widely distributed systems. (orig.)

  16. CAMAC acquisition system for industrial X-ray tomograph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 400 kV X-ray industrial scanner has been developed. The present paper describes the CAMAC acquisition system. This unit with its 3 microprocessors, 2 mass memories and TV graphic display is very flexible; it will be used to optimise measurement parameters along with pieces to be checked and to establish application limits of this non destructive inspection method. This system allows internal inspection of objects as big as 400 mm in diameter with an elementary volume of 1 x 1 x 5 mm3 and specific weight in the range of 0.7 to 10 g/cm3. Relative precision of 10-3 in density for moulded objects is expected. The first results obtained are shown

  17. Industrial defectoscope based on multiwire proportional chamber in CAMAC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The defectoscope for non-destructive testing has been built at the Institute of Radioelectronics in collaboration with the Electrotechnical Institute, Non-destructive Division. The defectoscope consists of the following parts: gamma radiation detector, multiwire proportional chamber with γ-e converter, preamplifier system attached directly to the chamber wires, logic module of CAMAC philoscopy, and MERA 300 minicomputer. The defectoscope is used to detect material flaws in tested objects, irradiated from an internal radiation source. Minicomputer used enables data processing. The data collected in mincomputer memory are the radiological image of a tested object. It is possible to display the collected image on a television monitor, to display any profile of the image on an oscilloscope, to print the map of the image on a mosaic printer. (author)

  18. A CAMAC based real-time noise analysis system for nuclear reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciftcioglu, Özer

    1987-05-01

    A CAMAC based real-time noise analysis system was designed for the TRIGA MARK II nuclear reactor at the Institute for Nuclear Energy, Istanbul. The input analog signals obtained from the radiation detectors are introduced to the system through CAMAC interface. The signals converted into digital form are processed by a PDP-11 computer. The fast data processing based on auto/cross power spectral density computations is carried out by means of assembly written FFT algorithms in real-time and the spectra obtained are displayed on a CAMAC driven display system as an additional monitoring device. The system has the advantage of being software programmable and controlled by a CAMAC system so that it is operated under program control for reactor surveillance, anomaly detection and diagnosis. The system can also be used for the identification of nonstationary operational characteristics of the reactor in long term by comparing the noise power spectra with the corresponding reference noise patterns prepared in advance.

  19. ACQUIRE: A data acquisition system for CAMAC on SUN workstation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data acquisition software package ACQUIRE been used for many years by the Princeton University Cyclotron Laboratory for nuclear physics research applications. This code has been ported to the SUN Sparc workstation and is fully functional, including block data transfers using an in crate Event Handler. A SCSI interface to CAMAC is utilized, and the device handling software has been developed in such a way that little modification was needed in the ACQUIRE code for the SUN implementation. The Higz X windows graphics package from CERN is used for data display

  20. CAMAC high energy physics electronics hardware

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CAMAC hardware for high energy physics large spectrometers and control systems is reviewed as is the development of CAMAC modules at the High Energy Laboratory, JINR (Dubna). The total number of crates used at the Laboratory is 179. The number of CAMAC modules of 120 different types exceeds 1700. The principles of organization and the structure of developed CAMAC systems are described. (author)

  1. Control programs of multichannel pulse height analyzer with CAMAC system using FACOM U-200 mini-computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 4096 channel Pulse Height Analyzer (PHA) assembled with CAMAC plug-in units has been developed in JAERI. The PHA consists of ADC unit, CRT-display unit, and CAMAC plug-in units, which are memory-controller, MCA-timer, 4K words RAM memory and CRT-driver. The system is on-line connected to FACOM U-200 Mini-Computer through CAMAC interface unit Crate-controller. The softwares for on-line data acquisition of the system have been developed. These are four utility programs written in FORTRAN and two program packages written in assembler language FASP which are CAMAC Program Package and Basic Input/Output Program Package. CAMAC Program Package has 18 subroutine programs for control of CAMAC plug-in units from FACOM U-200 Mini-Computer; and Basic Input/Output Program Package has 26 subroutine programs to input/output data to/from a typewriter, keyboard, cassette magnetic tape and open reel magnetic tape. These subroutine programs are all FORTRAN callable. The PHA with CAMAC system is first outlined, and then usage is described in detail of four utility programs, CAMAC Program Package and Basic Input/Output Program Package. (auth.)

  2. Configurable data and CAMAC hardware representations for implementation of the SPHERE DAQ and offline systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An implementation of the experimental data configurable representation for using in the DAQ and offline systems of the SPHERE setup at the LHE, JINR is described. A software scheme of the SPHERE CAMAC hardware's configurable description, intended to online data acquisition (DAQ) implementation based on the qdpb system, is issued

  3. CAMAC to GPIB interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CAMAC module developed at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory allows any device conforming to the GPIB standard to be connected to a CAMAC system. This module incorporates a microprocessor to control up to 14 GPIB-compatible instruments using a restricted set of CAMAC F-N-A commands. The marriage of a device-independent bus (IEEE Standard 488-1975) to a computer-independent bus (IEEE Standard 583-1975) provides a general method for interfacing a system of programmable instruments to any computer. This module is being used to interface a variety of interactive devices on a control console to a control computer

  4. A Linux-Based CAMAC serial Highway System for JT-60

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Linux-based CAMAC Serial Highway system has been developed as a part of a replaced system for JT-60 data processing system because the SPARC-based VME board computer system is old and has difficulties for its maintenance. The new system is based on an Intel architecture Cpu with a Linux operating system, and consists of a personal computer with PCI bus system and a Kinetic 2115 driver module to access to CAMAC subsystems with the CAMAC Serial Highway. The driver software for Kinetic 2115 on Linux has been developed. It has almost the same functionalities and interfaces as the previous Kinetic 2140 system. Throughput as a function of the transferred data size was measured as performances of the new system. The measurements' results show higher throughput of the new developed system. In addition, the new system has been already implemented and used for the real experiment with JT-60 without any problems and with better performance than the previous system. This document is composed of the slides of the presentation

  5. A data acquisition system based on CCU-CAMAC crate controller and IBM/PC computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A data acquisition system is described which based on a CCU-CAMAC crate controller and IBM/PC micro-computer. The software has been written in C language. The system can perform following tasks: multi-parameter data acquisition, disk data storage in list event mode or accumulation spectrum mode, construction of 1-2 dimensional spectra and on-line display. The system supports the hardcopy and hot key

  6. Standard software for CAMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NIM Committee (National Instrumentation Methods Committee) of the U.S. Department of Energy and the ESONE Committee of European Laboratories have jointly specified standard software for use with CAMAC. Three general approaches were followed: the definition of a language called IML for use in CAMAC systems, the definition of a standard set of subroutine calls, and real-time extensions to the BASIC language. This paper summarizes the results of these efforts. 1 table

  7. Software design of a auto-testing system for CAMAC modules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author introduces one of software methods of how to get a PC graphic interface operation when a MS-DOS driver is the only possible copy for the device. Human-machine interactive graphic interface is more popular nowadays since it has rich pages and comfortable input/output operations. First step is to set up a data exchange between MS-DOS and MS-Windows through a interrupt service. Second step is to program a dynamic link library which VB can invoke. VBX control is possible to extend the system functions. The testing system can test main performances automatically with CAMAC modules of IDIM, IDOM, PSC, SAM, and 3016. It seems the better way to test the linearity, AC correction and so on. The testing system is proved to be useable in maintaining CAMAC modules of BEPC control system

  8. A discussion of tools and techniques for distributed processor based control systems using CAMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes and analyzes various distributed processor architectures using commercially available CAMAC components. The general orientation is toward distributed control systems using Digital Equipment Corporation LSI11 processors in a CAMAC environment. The paper describes in detail software tools available to simplify the development of applications software and to provide a high-level runtime environment both at the host and the remote processors. Discussion focuses on techniques for downloading of operating systems from a large host and applications tasks written in high-level languages. It also discusses software tools which enable tasks in the remote processors to exchange messages and data with tasks in the host in a simple and elegant way

  9. A FORTRAN-compatible program package for the control of CAMAC-systems by a PDP-11 (CA11-A/DEC, Type 1533A/BORER)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The described software serves for the control of CAMAC-systems by a PDP-11 Computer with one DEC CA11-A Branch-Driver, respectively up to ten BORER Type 1533A Single-Crate-Controllers under the Operating System DOS V08. The software consists of three parts: 1) a subroutine library for programming in FORTRAN, 2) a macro library for programming in Assembler (for time-critical problems), 3) a loadable CAMAC-Driver for controlling the system by input of single CAMAC-commands at the terminal. Programs which apply the first two parts can be written independently of the CAMAC-Controller used at runtime. (orig.)

  10. Some implementations of local intelligence in CAMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The incorporation of intelligence into CAMAC units has been made possible by two factors: the massive reduction in price and increase in complexity of semiconductor devices, and the extension of the CAMAC specifications to allow multiple controllers in a single CAMAC crate. The paper describes three implementations of intelligent CAMAC units. Two of these are auxilliary controllers, while the third is a pure CAMAC module. These units have been used extensively in the improvement and extension of the control system for the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. (Auth.)

  11. New intelligent CAMAC crate controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author introduces a kind of new intelligent CAMAC crate controller. The crate controller is a double-width CAMAC module. Hardware consists of MCU, CAMAC interface, local control panel and communication interface with host computer

  12. System for the experimental data acquisition, processing and output on the base of the double-input CAMAC modules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system for experimental data acquisition, processing and output developed on the base of the double-input CAMAC module is described. Use of the double-input on-line memory unit at the capacity of up to 64k bite for experimental data storage and an external input controller permitted to obtain the time of the data input and output cycle in the storage equal to 1.6 μs. Rates of experimental data acquisition and output do not depend on the computer response or CAMAC cycle duration. They are determined only by the potentialities of the functional moduls. Combination of operations on data acquisi tion, processing and output is possible. Library of subroutines assuring processing in an on-line system with the SM-4, SM-3, ''Electronika-60'' computers is developed for the system. Subroutiines of this library can be fetched from the code written in the FORTRAN and MLCROASSEMBER and they assure: input/output to/from the computer buffer storage, synchronization of ipput/output operations redout from the buffer storage to the computer storage, recording data from the storage to the huffer storage

  13. CAMAC driver software on MS-DOS for the NEC PC-9801 personal computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CAMAC Driver Software on MS-DOS for the NEC PC-9801 Personal Computer has been developed by the LABCOM group in order to use 'CAMAC' easily and efficiently. High-level language interfaces for the CAMAC Driver are designed much the same as the Fortran libraries of Kinetic Systems 2160 CAMAC driver software. The characteristics of the CAMAC Driver are as follows: (1) Any language, such as Fortran, C, and Basic, can call the CAMAC Driver routines as the same procedure. (2) The CAMAC Driver has a 'List Mode' operation. Therefore, CAMAC operations are rapidly executed with even high-level language. (3) The CAMAC Driver has a LAM-Interrupt function. After an interrupt transaction, an asynchronous subroutine is called from the interrupt program. Even when the Basic Interpreter is used, CAMAC operations are transacted rapidly and easily. (author)

  14. CAMAC-based interlock system for power-supply-hardware protection on MFTF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This interlock module accepts 16 inputs and generates, in conjunction with an internal PROM map, 8 outputs. This decision process is autonomous of the CAMAC dataway and host computer. The map is generated, burned and verified by a user interactive program written to accept input/output equations in Boolean algebra. The interlock module requires the host computer to periodically interrogate it to verify proper operation of the module, host computer and date link; otherwise, permissives are dropped. An internal mask register may be used to override interlock inputs. This mask is perishable and must be constantly refreshed. Output drivers may be operated in a latch/no latch mode. This prevents outputs, once dropped, from being reasserted even if the proper input sequence is reestablished. A first-out register may be utilized to determine which input has dropped first in the event that chain reactions are developed among the interlock inputs

  15. CAMAC-an international standard for data machine instrumentation

    CERN Document Server

    Johnsen, P J

    1973-01-01

    CAMAC is a standard for on-line computer instrumentation and control. Owing to the world-wide acceptance of CAMAC, standardized and mutually compatible equipment is now offered by a great number of manufacturers. CAMAC systems are modular, and with the range of modules commercially available, it is possible to build up flexible and complex data processing systems. Use of CAMAC requires a CAMAC- compatible entrance (interface) to the computer. Once established, users are later on completely independent of the type of computer used. General aspects, CAMAC systems for NORD-1 and NORD-10 are presented. The former is developed at Physics Institute, Oslo, and the latter is developed as a result of the CERN-contract gained by NORSK DATAELEKTRONIKK.

  16. TFTR CAMAC power supplies reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the expected life of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) has been extended into the early 1990's, the issues of equipment wear-out, when to refurbish/replace, and the costs associated with these decisions, must be faced. The management of the maintenance of the TFTR Central Instrumentation, Control and Data Acquisition System (CICADA) power supplies within the CAMAC network is a case study of a set of systems to monitor repairable systems reliability, costs, and results of action. The CAMAC network is composed of approximately 500 racks, each with its own power supply. By using a simple reliability estimator on a coarse time interval, in conjunction with determining the root cause of individual failures, a cost effective repair and maintenance program has been realized. This paper describes the estimator, some of the specific causes for recurring failures and their correction, and the subsequent effects on the reliability estimator. By extension of this program the authors can assess the continued viability of CAMAC power supplies into the future, predicting wear-out and developing cost effective refurbishment/replacement policies. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  17. KOMPEKS standard provides an extended use of the CAMAC datanay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new KOMPEKS standard design developed on the base of extended use of CAMAC dataway is described. The time diagram of the KOMPEKS standard cycle is given. Methods of addressing, control and status signals as well as procedure of processing inquiries for servicing are considered. The new standard is concluded to eliminating such shortcomings of the CAMAC standard as small address space, synchronism of the dataway cycle, limited number of inquiry sources. Use of this standard in automation systems for scientific research is of greatest interest because it is similar to the CAMAC standard in design, structure of dataway and permits to use the whole accumulated family of the CAMAC modules

  18. The CAMAC instrumentation for monitoring and control of the VICKSI accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a general introduction the CAMAC system units and the CAMAC modules for interfacing pheripheral devices are described. Then the test equipment for these devices is described. Finally some special peripherals and auxiliary equipments are described. (HSI)

  19. Expanded language BASIC integrated in the disc operating system of the computers HP 2100 and M6000 for test and initiation of CAMAC-hardware

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An expanded BASIC-interpreter working under control of the disc operating system (DOS) is described. The added subroutine allows to use files for storage on the disc. To process transferred BASIC user files to or from the work area of the disc using the descripted instruction STDF, name or GETDF, name, the DOS directives: DUMP, LIST, STORE, EDIT can be applied as usual. The subroutine packages allow to utilize programs of the DOS(EXEC CALLS) in the BASIC-user program and to transfer information to or from the CAMAC-hardware. The interactive work regime of the interpreter is very useful for testing and initiating the CAMAC hardware. Subroutines have been worked out for the data transfer (single word mode and block mode) as well as for the work of control commands and utility functions and for the data transmission to the teletype

  20. Intelligent CAMAC crate controller incorporating a transputer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CAMAC crate controller module having a built-in transputer was developed, being named the ''Intelligent CAMAC Crate Controller (ICCC)''. Due to the transputer's architecture, multiple ICCCs can be networked by simple serial link connections. The control programs are developed in Occam or C language, which support conccurrent algorithms and their implementation in transputer networks. Each ICCC controls the front-end CAMAC modules in the crate, operates in parallel, and interpretes commands from the host computer. Data read from the modules is concurrently and autonomously processed, and then transmitted to the network where it is gathered into the host computer file system. The present paper describes the ICCC's hardware and software using a simple configuration network. Our particular device application for a balloon-borne experiment is also discussed, i.e., a data acquisition system networking twenty-seven transputers. ((orig.))

  1. Digital CAMAC modules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data sheets and block diagrams of new CAMAC modules are presented. These consist of a RS232C serial interface, a crate controller for the personnel computer IBM PC/AT, a 24-bit word to 16-bit word converter, a 4K of 16-bit words buffer memory, an input register for ECL logical level signals, a tester for the type A1 crate controllers and a multichannel analyzer tester. 15 refs.; 8 figs.; 1 tab

  2. Small, microcomputer-based CAMAC controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The beam buncher necessary to condition the beam from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory 25 MV tandem accelerator for post-acceleration by the Oak Ridge Isochronous Cyclotron is CAMAC-based and will be controlled via one of the serial highways of the accelerator control system. However, prior to integration into the accelerator system, the buncher requires testing, including runs on the model EN tandem at Oak Ridge. In order to facilitate testing and initial operation of the buncher, a microcomputer-based controller was assembled. The controller consists of a CAMAC crate, several CAMAC modules, a touch panel display, a controller box, and software. The controller box contains one shaft encoder and two switches. One of the switches is a coarse/fine selector. The other switch is assignable via the touch panel display and is used, for example, to turn devices on and off. Operation of the controller is described. It can be quickly assembled to control any small CAMAC-based system. 2 figures

  3. New intelligent CAMAC crate controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A kind of new intelligent CAMAC crate controller was introduced. It uses AM188 and several peripheral chips to complete design. The new CAMAC crate controller has a compact structure and a high reliability. User can choose its work mode between offline mode and online mode

  4. Example of a distributed-intelligence data-acquisition system using the CAMAC approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fusion Energy Division has many diagnostics connected to the same experiment, and correlating the data acquired is very important. The system described in this paper is modular in concept, provides intelligence to the various modules, and yields high throughput by the use of parallel processing and high-speed interfaces. Two examples of how this system was implemented are given

  5. A camac based data acquisition system for flat-panel image array readout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A readout system has been developed to facilitate the digitization and subsequent display of image data from two-dimensional, pixellated, flat-panel, amorphous silicon imaging arrays. These arrays have been designed specifically for medical x-ray imaging applications. The readout system is based on hardware and software developed for various experiments at CERN and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Additional analog signal processing and digital control electronics were constructed specifically for this application. The authors report on the form of the resulting data acquisition system, discuss aspects of its performance, and consider the compromises which were involved in its design

  6. CAMAC Software for TJ-I and TJ-IU

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A user-friendly software package for control of CAMAC data acquisition modules for the TJ-I and TJ-IU experiments at the Asociacion CIEMAT para Fusion has been developed. The CAMAC control software operates in synchronisation with the pre-existing VME-based data acquisition system. The control software controls the setup of the CAMAC modules and manages the data flow from the lacking to the storage of data. Data file management is performed largely automatically. Further, user software is provided for viewing and analysing the data. (Author) 9 refs

  7. Camac Software for TJ-I and TJ-IU

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A user-friendly software package for control of CAMAC data acquisition modules for the TJ-I and TJ-IU experiments at the Association CIEMAT para Fusion has been developed. The CAMAC control software operates in Synchronization with the pre-existing VME-based data-acquisition system. The control software controls the setup of the CAMAC modules and manages the data flow from the taking to the storage of data. Data file management is performed largely automatically. Further, user software is provided for viewing and analysing the data

  8. Microprocessor event analysis in parallel with Camac data acquisition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Plessey MIPROC-16 microprocessor (16 bits, 250 ns execution time) has been connected to a Camac System (GEC-ELLIOTT System Crate) and shares the Camac access with a Nord-1OS computer. Interfaces have been designed and tested for execution of Camac cycles, communication with the Nord-1OS computer and DMA-transfer from Camac to the MIPROC-16 memory. The system is used in the JADE data-acquisition-system at PETRA where it receives the data from the detector in parallel with the Nord-1OS computer via DMA through the indirect-data-channel mode. The microprocessor performs an on-line analysis of events and the result of various checks is appended to the event. In case of spurious triggers or clear beam gas events, the Nord-1OS buffer will be reset and the event omitted from further processing. (orig.)

  9. A cost and utility analysis of NIM/CAMAC standards and equipment for shuttle payload data acquisition and control systems. Volume 1: Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    The cost effectiveness of utilizing the Nuclear Instrumentation Modular (NIM) and the Computer Automated Measurement Control (CAMAC) equipment for Spacelab payload instrumentation was determined. Representative shuttle sortie payloads were analyzed for applicability and commonality. Modification of NIM/CAMAC equipment was analyzed for its suitability in Spacelab environments and to determine the cost. NIM/CAMAC equipment usage requirements for Spacelab payloads were converted to pool size requirements and time-phased equipment procurement requirements. A programmatic estimate of the pool equipment costs and a management plan were prepared for the pool concept. The implementation and impact of CAMAC software were assessed.

  10. Survey of CAMAC applications in environmental control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After giving a survey on measurement- and monitoring problems in environmental protection, several possibilities are presented for solving these problems. Some of them require the use of computers with partly complex hard- and software, the standardization of which is presently being studied. Using two examples, possibilities of using CAMAC in the field of environmental protection are being described which might show trends for future developments of such systems

  11. Organization of the M-6000 computer calculating process in the CAMAC on-line measurement systems for a physical experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Discussed are the basic results of the work on designing the software of the computer measuring complex (CMC) which uses the M-6000 computer and operates on line with an accelerator. All the CMC units comply with the CAMAC standard. The CMC incorporates a mainframe memory, twenty-four kilobytes of 16-digit words in size, and external memory on magnetic disks, 1 megabyte in size. Suggested is a modification of the technique for designing the CMC software providing for program complexes which are dynamically adjusted by an experimentalist for the given experiment for a short time. The CMC software comprises the following major portions: a software generator, data acquisition program, on-line data processing routines, off-line data processing programs and programs for data recording on magnetic tapes and disks. Testing of the designed CMC has revealed that the total data processing time equals to from 150 to 500 ms

  12. Intelligent CAMAC crate controller with CC-A2 functionality and VICbus interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that for nuclear physics experiments at the Julich Cooler Synchrotron COSY a data acquisition system is under development. With this background, and in order to enhance existing CAMAC systems, an intelligent CAMAC crate controller with CC-A2 functionality was developed. The main enhancement is the replacement of the Branch Highway with a new standard of inter-crate connection: the VICbus. The other highlights are: optional use of a Motorola 68030 microprocessor as CAMAC list-processor and optimization of CAMAC blocktransfers, optional Ethernet or Cheapernet connection. This controller is commercially available from CES, Geneva and called VCC 2117

  13. A CAMAC-MERA 60 data-acquisition system applied to solar spectra and maps in the He I 10830 Å line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukach, A. B.; Didkovskij, L. V.; Stepanyan, N. N.; Sunitsa, G. A.; Shcherbakova, Z. A.

    A universal spectrophotometer has been built around the BST-2 tower solar telescope with spectrograph and a CAMAC-MERA 60 data-acquisition system. The receiving devices consist of an infrared dissector, FEU-83 photomultiplier, and T-22 photodiode. Observations have been made on the Sun with all these detectors. The spectrophotometer with FEU-83 and photodiode gives spectral maps in two IR ranges simultaneously with a resolution of 2″times;3″ The time required to map a single active region is 3 - 5 min, while the entire disk can be mapped with a resolution of 5″times;5″in 1 - 1.5 hr. In 1988, 223 maps were obtained of active regions and large parts of the Sun. Solar spectra have been recorded with a resolution of 70,000 in 70 - 90 sec with the scanning spectrometer and IR image dissector.

  14. Development of CAMAC and Fastbus instrumentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the work being done towards the development of CAMAC and Fast Bus Instrumentation under the VII Five Year Plan Project 'Modernisation of Reactor Control Instrumentation and Development of CAMAC and FAST BUS Instrumentation'. The report summarises the goals, objectives, principles and concepts of CAMAC and Fast Bus Instrumentation. While emphasizing the motivation behind the development of CAMAC and Fast Bus Instrumentation, the report brings out the current status and future plans of this development program. (author)

  15. The CAMAC logic state analyser

    CERN Document Server

    Centro, Sandro

    1981-01-01

    Summary form only given, as follows. Large electronic experiments using distributed processors for parallel readout and data reduction need to analyse the data acquisition components status and monitor dead time constants of each active readout module and processor. For the UA1 experiment, a microprocessor-based CAMAC logic status analyser (CLSA) has been developed in order to implement these functions autonomously. CLSA is a single unit CAMAC module, able to record, up to 256 times, the logic status of 32 TTL inputs gated by a common clock, internal or external, with a maximum frequency of 2 MHz. The data stored in the internal CLSA memory can be read directly via CAMAC function or preprocessed by CLSA 6800 microprocessor. The 6800 resident firmware (4Kbyte) expands the module features to include an interactive monitor, data recording control, data reduction and histogram accumulation with statistics parameter evaluation. The microprocessor memory and the resident firmware can be externally extended using st...

  16. CAMAC standard digital modules (No. 7)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Short characteristics and block-diagrams of 12 modules in CAMAC standard are presented. These units include a charge-to-code convertor, analyzer interfaces, data output from multiwire chambers, T-63 teletype interfaces, serial CAMAC-CAMAC link, mosaic printer interfaces, power supply of +-12 V, and a decimal scaler

  17. CAMAC programming for PDP-11 computers: A modular, multiuser approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A user-friendly CAMAC handling software concept for multitask environments is presented. The CAMAC modules are handled like all the other devices, with all the multiuser capabilities of the operating system. The concept is implemented under the RSX-11M operating system and results in effective and modular software. The system serves typically a few thousands of events in a second; the actual speed depends on many factors. In small and medium size systems the concept has several advantages; the test applications are supported mainly on macro (machine code) level and with some limitations on system level. (orig.)

  18. Computerized CAMAC and NIM module library

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory owns a large number of CAMAC and NIM modules which can be connected together to form data acquisition systems used in experiments. Many of these modules are contained in ''pools'' for common usage. This paper describes a system of storage and inventory control that allows easy check-out and check-in of the modules utilizing networked Macintosh computers, FoxBase+/Mac software, and bar-code technology. It also provides search capability for the user and tracking capability for the pool administrator. This inventory system has applications to any pool of items that are routinely loaned. 8 figs

  19. A cost and utility analysis of NIM/CAMAC standards and equipment for shuttle payload data acquisition and control systems. Volume 3: Tasks 3 and 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    The modifications for the Nuclear Instrumentation Modular (NIM) and Computer Automated Measurement Control (CAMAC) equipment, designed for ground based laboratory use, that would be required to permit its use in the Spacelab environments were determined. The cost of these modifications were estimated and the most cost effective approach to implementing them were identified. A shared equipment implementation in which the various Spacelab users draw their required complement of standard NIM and CAMAC equipment for a given flight from a common equipment pool was considered. The alternative approach studied was a dedicated equipment implementation in which each of the users is responsible for procuring either their own NIM/CAMAC equipment or its custom built equivalent.

  20. A cost and utility analysis of NIM/CAMAC standards and equipment for shuttle payload data acquisition and control systems. Volume 2: Tasks 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    A representative set of payloads for both science and applications disciplines were selected that would ensure a realistic and statistically significant estimate of equipment utilization. The selected payloads were analyzed to determine the applicability of Nuclear Instrumentation Modular (NIM)/Computer Automated Measurement Control (CAMAC) equipment in satisfying their data acquisition and control requirements. The analyses results were combined with the comparable results from related studies to arrive at an overall assessment of the applicability and commonality of NIM/CAMAC equipment usage across the spectrum of payloads.

  1. CAMAC modular programmable function generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CAMAC modular programmable function generator has been developed. The device contains a 1024 word by 12-bit memory, a 12-bit digital-to-analog converter with a 600 ns settling time, an 18-bit programmable frequency register, and two programmable trigger output registers. The trigger registers can produce programmed output logic transitions at various (binary) points in the output function curve, and are used to synchronize various other data acquisition devices with the function curve

  2. BST-PINK PANTHER. An intelligent CAMAC crate controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A technical and functional description of the PINK system for intelligent, distributed data acquisition, data formatting, and data reduction is presented. The system has been developed to bypass some of the constraints of CAMAC when collecting data with the high-resolution π0 spectrometers of the Basel-Stockholm-Thessaloniki (BST) Collaboration at CERN. (orig.)

  3. ES 1010 software for testing CAMAC modules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Test programs for digital and analog-digital CAMAC modules applied in physical experiments are described. Algorithms were written in FORTRAN-4 language for testing, data acquisition, processing and data control. ASSEMBLER ES 1010 subroutines were used for data acquisition and CAMAC module control. This allowed one to take advantages of a high level language for data processing and display, as well as for achieving an interface with the CAMAC hardware. Software applied enables one to improve considerably adjustment of CAMAC modules and to obtain their operational characteristics

  4. Design and development of CAMAC test module

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various Computer automated measurement and control (CAMAC) modules are used in control and monitoring of Pelletron Accelerator. 24 channels CAMAC Input Gate is used for getting the ON/OFF status of various devices in the Pelletron Accelerator. If a channel has 24 V then the status is 'ON' and if the channel receives 0 V then the status is 'OFF'. Hence we can get the status of 24 different channels though one CAMAC Input Gate module. The status is transported to the PC via CAMAC controller. The manual testing of CAMAC Input Gate involves connection of 24 V to each channel and checking the status of each channel with Graphical user interface (GUI) software. This process of checking input gate is automated by developing a CAMAC Test module which is connected to CAMAC Input Gate with a 50 pin ribbon cable. The Test module automatically generates 24 V /0 V on each channel to be tested depending on the software GUI buttons labeled as 'ON'/'OFF' in labview. The status of CAMAC Input Gate is displayed on GUI for all 24 channels. Hence the user can check the working of each channel on GUI written in labview. This automated process of checking the CAMAC Input Gate saves time to debug problems in module and identifying the bad channel which can be subsequently repaired. The CAMAC Test module uses Spartan 2 FPGA which is connected to 24 transistors which in turn operates 24 relays. 24 V supply is connected to the relay secondary contacts which open/close as per the transistor inputs. The 24 V contacts are connected to the module output connector which should be connected to CAMAC Input Gate which is to be tested. (author)

  5. Camapple: CAMAC interface to the Apple computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advent of the 'personal' microcomputer provides a new tool for the debugging, calibration and monitoring of small scale physics apparatus, e.g., a single detector being developed for a larger physics apparatus. With an appropriate interface these microcomputer systems provide a low cost (1/3 the cost of a comparable minicomputer system), convenient, dedicated, portable system which can be used in a fashion similar to that of portable oscilliscopes. Here we describe an interface between the Apple computer and CAMAC which is now being used to study the detector for a Cerenkov ring-imaging device. The Apple is particularly well-suited to this application because of its ease of use, hi-resolution graphics, peripheral bus and documentation support. (orig.)

  6. CAMAC, an ideal high-performance data acquisition standard [Paper No.: L6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-accuracy A/D conversion, a large channel capacity, and physically-distributed channels are often important characteristics of these systems. CAMAC, an acronym for Computer Automated Measurement and Control, provides an ideal solution for these high-performances data acquisition system requirements. A new CAMAC based system, called Tachion, is also described. This system can acquire analog data and transfer these data to disk at rates up to 9.6 megabytes per second. The performance of a CAMAC-based system is further enhanced by computer interface hardware and software that supports list processing. Also, the high level of standardization of the CAMAC command structure allows the use of a single software driver that is unaffected by the types of I/O modules in the system. (author). 4 refs., 12 figs

  7. A transputer based intelligent CAMAC crate controller [Paper No.: L1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A transputer based CAMAC controller (TCC) which can attain the true CAMAC speed for data acquisition in the list processing mode is described . The overlap of writing next NAF command word reading previous data over CAMAC cycle execution (busy time of dataway) facilitates this achievement. The TCC uses the transputer IMST222, which controls overall operation of TCC and communicates which PC/AT on its serial link at 20 MBits/sec. It incorporates hardware to support single CAMAC transfer as well as block transfers. The transputer also helps in data preprocessing. The concurrent processing of acquiring data from modules and sending it for data logging and processing increases the system speed. The TCC is developed for nuclear data acquisition system. (author). 2 refs., 6 figs

  8. 15. International symposium on nuclear electronics and International seminar CAMAC-92

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings of the 25. International symposium on nuclear electronics and the CAMAC-92 seminar are presented. The problems on creation of new effective systems for acquisition and processing the information in the field of high energies, spectroscopy and by radiation control at reactors are considered in the reports. Equipment interfaces, analogue-numerical converters, programmed controllers, etc, accomplished relative to the CAMAC and FASTBUS standards are described

  9. The development of an intelligent CAMAC event trigger module

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An Intelligent CAMAC Event Trigger Module which is equipped with a 89C51 Micro Controller Unit-MCU was developed in 1997. It can be used in the data compressed type acquisition system to replace the MAST GATE and Trigger Pattern Unit acting as the first-level event trigger filter according to a preloaded user analysis programme on board EPROM, the second-level filter is done by the data acquisition system itself after it got a trigger pattern word from the trigger module and then read the CAMAC data channels selectly rely on the bit set of the pattern word. Because of the pre-analysis of the trigger pattern and the conversion of the data channels are parallel, the rate of the acquisition system can be improved

  10. Integrated FASTBUS, VME and CAMAC diagnostic software at Fermilab

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A fully integrated system for the diagnosis and repair of data acquisition hardware in FASTBUS, VME and CAMAC is described. A short cost/benefit analysis of using a distributed network of personal computers for diagnosis is presented. The SPUDS (Single Platform Uniting Diagnostic Software) software package developed at Fermilab by the authors is introduced. Examples of how SPUDS is currently used in the Fermilab equipment repair facility, as an evaluation tool and for field diagnostics are given

  11. Design and operation of the LAMPF Auxiliary Controller. High-speed remote processing on the CAMAC dataway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CAMAC Auxiliary Controller has been developed to further the concepts of distributed processing in both process control and experiment data-acquisition systems. The Auxiliary Controller is built around a commercially available 16-bit microcomputer and a high-speed bit-sliced microprocessor capable of instruction execution times of 140 ns. The modular nature of the controller allows the user to tailor the controller capabilities to the system problem, while maintaining the interface techniques of the CAMAC Standard

  12. CAMAC octal TDC (Time to Digital Converter)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eight channel CAMAC TDC with 50 pS resolution is designed and developed for GRACE project of NRL. The unit has conversion time of 108 μS with three time scale ranges of 100 nS, 200 nS, 500 nS with 11 bit resolution on each channel. The module approximately has DNL of 10% and INL of 2 counts. The module has individual start, common start, common stop inputs. The unit has in built calibration for start stop and reset function for ease of testing. These functions are available as CAMAC commands. The principle used is start-stop where a capacitor is charged with a high current and discharged with a small current giving time expansion. The duration of discharge time is counted by gating a synchronized clock. (author). 2 refs., 3 figs

  13. Microprocessor-controlled CAMAC data link module

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Communication between the central control computer and remote, satellite data-acquisition/control stations at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) is presently accomplished through the use of CAMAC-based Data Link modules. With the advent of the microprocessor, a new philosophy for digital data communications has evolved. Data Link modules containing microprocessor controllers provide link management and communication network protocol through algorithms executed in the Data Link microprocessor. 13 figures

  14. Realization of computer-controlled CAMAC model through the technology of virtual instrument

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author is to introduce virtual instrument system and basic features of its typical software development platform, and show this system's superiority and fitness to physical experiments by the example of the CAMAC model ADC2249A, which is often used in nuclear physics experiments

  15. A smart crate controller for fast CAMAC data acquisition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A smart CAMAC Crate Controller has been designed for use in Fermilab experiment E-705. Its distinctive feature is a hardwired list processor performing block transfers by executing lists of pre-stored CAMAC instructions. Data collected from the crate are sent to an external port: controllers organized in serial or parallel channels transmit their data to buffer memories. Processing of interactive CAMAC operations, downloading of CAMAC instruction lists and supervision are provided by a Motorola 6809 micro-processor linked to the controller via the STD bus and to a host computer via an RS-232 serial interface

  16. Event Handler II: a fast, programmable, CAMAC-coupled data acquisition interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The architecture of the Event Handler II, a fast, programmable data acquisition interface linked to and through CAMAC is described. The special features of this interface make it a powerful tool in implementing data acquisition systems for experiments in nuclear physics. 1 figure, 1 table

  17. SAR: A fast computer for Camac data acquisition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a special data acquisition and processing facility developed for Nuclear Physics experiments at intermediate energy installed at SATURNE (France) and at CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). Previously, we used a PDP 11/45 computer which was connected to the experiments through a Camac Branch highway. In a typical experiment (340 words per event), the computer limited the data acquisition rate at 4 μsec for each 16-bit transfer and the on-line data reduction at 20 events per second only. The initial goal of this project was to increase these two performances. Previous known acquisition processors were limited by the memory capacity these systems could support. Most of the time the data reduction was done on the host mini computer. Higher memory size can be designed with new fast RAM (Intel 2147) and the data processing can now take place on the front end processor

  18. MUMTI a Multi-User-Multi-Task-Interpreter for process-control applications with CAMAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MUMTI is an interactive, interpretative programming system for industrial control and process control applications running on PDP11-RXS11M/D-systems. The number of users of the MUMTI-system is not limited as far as core memory and/or terminals are available. The implemented arithmetic facilities are similar to those of other interpreters. A detailed description of the programming of CAMAC systems is given in a second part. (WB)

  19. CC-3 CAMAC crate controller for IBM PC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The specifications and implementation details of CAMAC Crate Controller CC-3 for IBM-PC compatible as a host computer, having capability to transfer high speed data with direct memory access (DMA) scheme and logic to execute CAMAC cycles directly from the crate controller, to implement the block algorithms specified in ANSI/IEEE Std. 683-1976 (Reaff-1981) are described. The maximum data transfer rate measured with 8 bit interface of PC-AT is 240K byte per second. This work is carried out under Seventh Five Year Plan Project on Modernisation of reactor Control Instrumentation and Development of CAMAC and Fastbus Instrumentation. (author). 9 refs., 5 figs., 4 appendixes

  20. A versatile programmable CAMAC random pulse generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new technique for generating linear pulses which can be random in both amplitude and time is described. With this technique, desired values for both pulse amplitude and spacing are set for the individual pulses by the software on a pulse-by-pulse basis. The versatility offered by this software programming allows a wide range of distributions to be obtained; with the user having close control on the distribution parameters. A number of such distributions may also be combined into a single output pulse stream. An implementation in a CAMAC module is presented. Both hardware and software aspects are described and typical performance results for amplitude and time distributions of the uniform and Gaussian type are given. Implications of using the pulser in a typical data acquisition environment on both the data acquisition and the pulser performance are considered. Typical applications are discussed together with some of the limitations. (orig.)

  1. CAMAC based 4-channel 12-bit digitizer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the development in Fusion research a large number of diagnostics are being used to understand the complex behaviour of plasma. During discharge, several diagnostics demand high sampling rate and high bit resolution to acquire data for rapid changes in plasma parameters. For the requirements of such fast diagnostics, a 4-channel simultaneous sampling, high-speed, 12-bit CAMAC digitizer has been designed and developed which has several important features for application in CAMAC based nuclear instrumentation. The module has independent ADC per channel for simultaneous sampling and digitization, and 512 Ksamples RAM per channel for on-board storage. The digitizer has been designed for event based acquisition and the acquisition window gives post-trigger as well as pre-trigger (software selectable) data that is useful for analysis. It is a transient digitizer and can be operated either in pre/post trigger mode or in burst mode. The record mode and the active memory size are selected through software commands to satisfy the current application. The module can be used to acquire data at high sampling rate for short time discharge e.g. 512 ms at 1MSPS. The module can also be used for long time discharge at low sampling rate e.g. 512 seconds at 1KSPS. This paper describes the design of digitizer module, development of VHDL code for hardware logic, Graphical User Interface (GUI) and important features of module from application point of view. The digitizer has CPLD based hardware logic, which provides flexibility in configuring the module for different sampling rates and different pre/post trigger samples through GUI. The digitizer can be operated with either internal (for testing/acquisition) or external (synchronized acquisition) clock and trigger. The digitizer has differential inputs with bipolar input range ±5V and it is being used with sampling rate of 1 MSamples Per Second (MSPS) per channel but it also supports higher sampling rate up to 3MSPS per channel. A

  2. Access to CAMAC from VxWorks and UNIX in DART

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of the DART Project the authors have developed a package of software for CAMAC access from UNIX and VxWorks platforms, with support for several hardware interfaces. They report on developments for the CES CBD8210 VME to parallel CAMAC, the Hytec VSD2992 VME to serial CAMAC and Jorway 411S SCSI to parallel and serial CAMAC branch drivers, and give a summary of the timings obtained

  3. Camac interface for digitally recording infrared camera images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An instrument has been built to store the digital signals from a modified imaging infrared scanner directly in a digital memory. This procedure avoids the signal-to-noise degradation and dynamic range limitations associated with successive analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversions and the analog recording method normally used to store data from the scanner. This technique also allows digital data processing methods to be applied directly to recorded data and permits processing and image reconstruction to be done using either a mainframe or a microcomputer. If a suitable computer and CAMAC-based data collection system are already available, digital storage of up to 12 scanner images can be implemented for less than $1750 in materials cost. Each image is stored as a frame of 60 x 80 eight-bit pixels, with an acquisition rate of one frame every 16.7 ms. The number of frames stored is limited only by the available memory. Initially, data processing for this equipment was done on a VAX 11-780, but images may also be displayed on the screen of a microcomputer. Software for setting the displayed gray scale, generating contour plots and false-color displays, and subtracting one image from another (e.g., background suppression) has been developed for IBM-compatible personal computers

  4. CAMAC modules developed for investigations on the synchrocyclotron. No. 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Specifications and block diagrams for 12 new CAMAC modules are presented. These modules are developed for investigations on the synchrocyclotron and include multiplexer of analogue signals, two charge-to-digital converters paper tape reader interface, teletype interface, input/output register, butter memory, EPROM programmer, manual input register, binary scaler and module for single address block reader, voltage control block

  5. Digital blocks in Camac standard for synchrocyclotron investigations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Described are brief characteristics and block diagrams of the following 12 blocks in the CAMAC standard designed for experiments on a synchrocyclotron: output register, digital printout, frame controller, logic signal commutator, controlled delay, binary counters of 4 types, exposure-set counter, decimal counter with full indication and L signal grader

  6. GTI-742 stroke pulse generator made in the CAMAC standard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A tactstroke generator (GTI-742) made in CAMAC standard is described. The unit ensures output tact pulses with decade frequency intervals from the internal quartz oscillator and can be used as an external signal frequency divider. The number of decades in the unit is 6. Maximum frequency of the quartz oscillator and external signals is 50 mc. Input and output signals have NIM or TTL levels

  7. Construction of an input sensitivity variable CAMAC module for measuring DC voltage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In on-line experimental data processing systems, the collection of DC voltage data is frequently required. In plasma confinement experiments, for example, the range of input voltage is very wide from over 1 kV applied to photomultiplier tubes to 10 mV full scale of the controller output for ionization vacuum gauges. A DC voltmeter CAMAC module with variable input range, convenient for plasma experiments and inexpensive, has been constructed for trial. The number of input channels is 16, and the input range is changeable in six steps from +-10 mV to +-200 V; these are all set by commands from a computer. The module is actually used for the on-line data processing system for JIPP T-2 experiment. The ideas behind its development, and the functions, features and usage of the module are described in this report. (J.P.N.)

  8. The control system of the CERN new linac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two computers are used for the Linac control system, interfaced to the process over CAMAC, configured in such a way that each computer has direct access to the CAMAC system. The control system is designed in such a way as to minimize the knowledge of programming and computers required by the normal users of the system. The consoles use touch panels for parameter, program and option selections and are interfaced over parallel CAMAC to the computers, whereas the process itself is interfaced over bit serial CAMAC. In the case of the ion source, the CAMAC Serial Highway crosses the 750 kV with the help of optical data links

  9. A general software module for CAMAC, equipment and composite variable control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current PS controls application software has a strong hierarchical structure of software modules which translate user-friendly commands into the intricacies of hardware devices. Starting from the most elementary hardware level, these are: (i) the ''interface module'' (IM), which hides the various CAMAC commands so as to provide a standard access to each type of CAMAC module; (ii) the ''equipment module'' (EM) presents a simple standard software interface of each process equipment. There is one EM for each type of equipment and all process equipment is accessed through EMs via IMs; (iii) the ''composite variable module'' (CVM) provides control of abstract beam variables. It involves control of several and possibly different kinds of equipment. Setting a CVM results in appropriate setting of all relevant equipment through calls to their EMs. For the LEP Preinjector (LPI) a new generation of application software is being implemented based on the experiments with the current system and the technological evolution since its conception. The logical levels of IM, EM and CVM are kept, but their managerial and housekeeping functions are merged into a single module: the ''General Module'' (GM). This paper represents the characteristics of the GM, its decomposition into housekeeping and management activities ones to supervise device specific controls, and its structuring into logic and data modules. This results in a unique frame for all modules in the application hierarchy. It is transparent to the programmes so that the development of specific IMs, EMs and CVMs reduces to editing appropriate data tables, developing specific codes or re-using existing ones. This new generation of application software follows modern ideas on conceptual modelling by data abstraction and object-oriented programming. (orig.)

  10. Recommendations for CAMAC Serial Highway drivers and LAM Graders for the SCC-L2 Serial Crate Controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The functional requirements of Drivers for the CAMAC Serial Highway defined in IEEE Standard 595-1976 are described. The description is independent of the implementation, and in particular no assumption is made about the boundary between hardware and software within the Driver. Topics covered are the user interface, the supporting system services required, demand handling, and a detailed discussion of the message analysis for various levels of error recovery. An appendix describes the recommended features of LAM Graders for use with the Serial Crate Controller Type L2 of IEEE Std 595-1976

  11. Design and realization of multithread CAMAC communication server software based on Winsock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author describes the CAMAC communication server software which applies Winsock and multithread techniques. The design method of the whole software is given. The realization of network communication service and the synchronization problem of multithread are introduced in detail

  12. Using a graphical programming language to write CAMAC/GPIB instrument drivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zambrana, Horacio; Johanson, William

    1991-01-01

    To reduce the complexities of conventional programming, graphical software was used in the development of instrumentation drivers. The graphical software provides a standard set of tools (graphical subroutines) which are sufficient to program the most sophisticated CAMAC/GPIB drivers. These tools were used and instrumentation drivers were successfully developed for operating CAMAC/GPIB hardware from two different manufacturers: LeCroy and DSP. The use of these tools is presented for programming a LeCroy A/D Waveform Analyzer.

  13. CAMAC throughput of a new RISC-based data acquisition computer at the DIII-D tokamak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderlaan, J. F.; Cummings, J. W.

    1993-10-01

    The amount of experimental data acquired per plasma discharge at DIII-D has continued to grow. The largest shot size in May 1991 was 49 Mbyte; in May 1992, 66 Mbyte; and in April 1993, 80 Mbyte. The increasing load has prompted the installation of a new Motorola 88100-based MODCOMP computer to supplement the existing core of three older MODCOMP data acquisition CPU's. New Kinetic Systems CAMAC serial highway driver hardware runs on the 88100 VME bus. The new operating system is MODCOMP REAL/IX version of AT&T System V UNIX with real-time extensions and networking capabilities; future plans call for installation of additional computers of this type for tokamak and neutral beam control functions. Experiences with the CAMAC hardware and software will be chronicled, including observation of data throughput. The Enhanced Serial Highway crate controller is advertised as twice as fast as the previous crate controller, and computer I/O speeds are expected to also increase data rates.

  14. CAMAC throughput of a new RISC-based data acquisition computer at the DIII-D tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The amount of experimental data acquired per plasma discharge at DIII-D has continued to grow. The largest shot size in May 1991 was 49 Mbyte; in May 1992, 66 Mbyte; and in April 1993, 80 Mbyte. The increasing load has prompted the installation of a new Motorola 88100-based MODCOMP computer to supplement the existing core of three older MODCOMP data acquisition CPUs. New Kinetic Systems CAMAC serial highway driver hardware runs on the 88100 VME bus. The new operating system is MODCOMP REAL/IX version of AT ampersand T System V UNIX with real-time extensions and networking capabilities; future plans call for installation of additional computers of this type for tokamak and neutral beam control functions. Experiences with the CAMAC hardware and software will be chronicled, including observation of data throughput. The Enhanced Serial Highway crate controller is advertised as twice as fast as the previous crate controller, and computer I/O speeds are expected to also increase data rates

  15. Master ENUM. CAMAC module for driving simultaneous data acquisitions of pulsed characteristics of an electron linac beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data acquisitions must be done in real time. Here, they are made, by fast ADC of the electric charge contained in a sampling pulse. The CAMAC module which permits 32 acquisitions simultaneously is described

  16. Plasma Processes : CAMAC based continuous/transient digitizer for long duration discharge

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amit Kumar Srivastava; Rachana Rajpal; H D Pujara

    2000-11-01

    With the development of fusion research, in the next generation tokamak like SST1 and ITER the tokamak discharge duration time of the order of 1000 sec is planned. At the same time acquisition of rapid changes of plasma parameters during discharge is required and this demands for higher sampling rate to acquire the data. Hence a large size of RAM (memory) is required to fulfill the above requirements but normally CAMAC based digitizer has limited on-board RAM which can be emptied only after the buffer is completely filled. Therefore, acquisition period is dependent on sampling frequency of the signal as well as on existing size of RAM. This drawback of above is overcome in this design of CAMAC based digitizer where we are using combination of FIFO memory and RAM to get continuous lossless acquisition as well as transient acquisition. This paper includes design of 4-channel CAMAC digitizer with 32 K samples RAM per channel for on-board storage and 8 K samples FIFO per channel for continuous acquisition. The module can be operated in different modes like monitoring, transient acquisition and continuous lossless acquisition with selectable sampling rate

  17. New CAMAC developments for nuclear spectroscopy in the Central Research Institute for Physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several CAMAC modules developed for tokamak instrumentation are considered. The CAM 4.04-3 8-Channel Pulse Peak Analyzer is a three unit wide CAMAC module designed for plasma diagnostics. The module contains 8 independent 256-channel fast amplitude analyzers. It has a memory of 32 K words with a word length of 16 bits. The CAM 4.33-1 Phase Meter is intended for experiments to measure the refraction index of tokamak plasma. The measurements are performed by two laser beams one of which crosses the plasma. The phase difference between the two signals obtained on photodiodes carrying indormation on the refraction index is measured by the Phase Meter under consideration. The CAM 4.31-11 8-Channel Waveform Digitizer is used to analyse relatively fast varying dc signals. It is actually an 8-channel transient recorder. The CAM 2.20-3 Analyzer Memory is a double width CAMAC module containing 16K words with a word length of 24 bits

  18. A test system based on LabVIEW for RPC-Gd thermal neutron detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new performance test system for thermal neutron detector Gd-RPC was designed based on LabVIEW in WinXP. By using the emulational control board and calling the Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) of CAMAC, we encapsulated the CAMAC commands independently, in order to encapsulate the CAMAC models in function modules. These modules can be selected and modified easily according to the requirements of different tests. (authors)

  19. Embedded CAMAC controller: hardware/software co-optimization for high throughput

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advances in technology have resulted in availability of low-power, low form-factor embedded PC based modules. The Embedded CAMAC Controller (ECCS) is designed with ETX (Embedded Technology eXtended) standard Single Board Computer (SBC) having PC architecture with Ethernet connectivity. The paper highlights the software and hardware design optimizations to meet high throughput requirements of multi-parameter experiments and scan mode accelerator control applications. The QNX based software is designed for high throughput by adopting design strategies like multi-threaded architecture, interrupt-driven data transfer, buffer pool for burst data, zero memory copy, lockless primitives and batched event data transfer to host. The data buffer and all control logic for CAMAC cycle sequencing for LIST mode is implemented entirely in hardware in Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). Through this design, sustained throughput of 1.5 MBps has been achieved. Also, the host connectivity through Ethernet link enables support for multi-crate configuration, thus providing scalability. The ECC has been installed for accelerator control at FOTIA BARC, Pelletron and LINAC-Pelletron, TIFR and for multiparameter experiments at NPD, BARC. (author)

  20. The Debugging and Development of KODAQ Data Acquisition System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    KODAQ (Kakuken on-line data acquisition system) data acquisition system was introduced from Japan on Dec., 2000. It is a multi-parameter DAQ system with the advantage of simplestructure, convenient use, stable running and cheap price. At present, lots of institute and university are using the system in Japan.KODAQ system follows the CAMAC standard, is based on PC and CAMAC crate controller,

  1. Data-acquisition system for a target multifragmentation experiment with large solid angle detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed a CAMAC data-acquisition system that is capable of handling not only high-rate interruptions, but also over one hundred inputs within a single CAMAC crate in order to perform exclusive measurements of target multifragmentation induced by 8 and 12 GeV primary proton beams on heavy nuclei. The system is run under PC-Linux and a CAMAC auxiliary crate controller. Since we have selected the UNIDAQ data-acquisition system for our DAQ software, which only uses standard UNIX technology, we expect easy migration to another platform in a future system upgrade

  2. A versatile DAQ, monitoring and data processing system for nuclear experiments in CAMAC and VME standards

    CERN Document Server

    Hons, Zdenek

    2015-01-01

    Common and unique features of nuclear physics measurements are examined. Such analysis with respect to existing hardware and software platforms and standards allows to algorithmize the DAQ, monitoring and processing tasks. A universal measurement framework is proposed and programmed. It allows to implement various measurement setups via a configuration file where special features are described by a simple language. An abstract description of the experimental data is introduced and a unified data format is proposed to hide data structures resulting from the various measurement setups. A simple language is developed to describe processing and visualizing the unified data via histograms. A universal processing engine is developed which creates histograms based on requirements described in a configuration file.

  3. CODA: A scalable, distributed data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new data acquisition system has been designed for physics experiments scheduled to run at CEBAF starting in the summer of 1994. This system runs on Unix workstations connected via ethernet, FDDI, or other network hardware to multiple intelligent front end crates -- VME, CAMAC or FASTBUS. CAMAC crates may either contain intelligent processors, or may be interfaced to VME. The system is modular and scalable, from a single front end crate and one workstation linked by ethernet, to as may as 32 clusters of front end crates ultimately connected via a high speed network to a set of analysis workstations. The system includes an extensible, device independent slow controls package with drivers for CAMAC, VME, and high voltage crates, as well as a link to CEBAF accelerator controls. All distributed processes are managed by standard remote procedure calls propagating change-of-state requests, or reading and writing program variables. Custom components may be easily integrated. The system is portable to any front end processor running the VxWorks real-time kernel, and to most workstations supplying a few standard facilities such as rsh and X-windows, and Motif and socket libraries. Sample implementations exist for 2 Unix workstation families connected via ethernet or FDDI to VME (with interfaces to FASTBUS or CAMAC), and via ethernet to FASTBUS or CAMAC

  4. CaMac1, a Candida albicans Copper Ion-sensing Transcription Factor, Pro- motes Filamentous and Invasive Growth in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guang-Hua HUANG; Xin-Yi NIE; Jiang-Ye CHEN

    2006-01-01

    Molecular mechanisms of morphogenesis share many common components between Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Kssl-associated MAPK cascade and the cAMP/PKA pathway are two important signal transduction pathways that control morphogenesis in S. cerevisiae. A C. albicans copper ion-sensing transcription factor gene, CaMAC1, was cloned from C. albicans SC5314. Ectopic expression of CaMAC1 in S. cerevisiae promoted filamentous and invasive growth. In diploid cells, CaMacl could suppress the filamentous growth defect of mutants in the Kss 1-associated MAPK pathway and the cAMP/PKA pathway. In haploid strains, ectopic expression of CaMAC1 suppressed the invasive growth defect of mutants in the MAPK pathway (ste7, stel2 and tecl), but failed to suppress the invasive growth defect of thefio8 mutant. Our results suggest that the activation of CaMacl is independent of the MAPK and cAMP/PKA pathways in filament formation, but requires Flo8 factor for invasive growth. In the media containing a high concentration of CuSO4, the yeast filamentous and invasive growth was blocked. The activating effect of CaMacl is inhibited by copper ions.

  5. New developments of the GANIL control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since its first ion beam, the GANIL accelerator has been driven by a Control System built around a minicomputer MITRA 125 and a distributed intelligence consisting of programmable Controllers and INTEL 8080 equipped autonomous CAMAC Controllers. After a brief description of the GANIL Control System, this paper will lay emphasis on the major improvements undertaken along four main directions: a) Upgrading the Control Computer. b) Introducing more powerful local intelligence. A microprocessorized autonomous CAMAC Controller called ''DIVA 68C'' using the 68000 microprocessor embedded in a VME card has been developed. Also, the 68000 will be used in a general purpose CAMAC module, the first application of which is to replace the existing data link modules. (c) Making human-machine dialog smarter with use of color graphic terminals. d) Meeting the requirements of the coming second injector. In this purpose a fully equipped auxiliary console is being installed near the main console for operation by summer 1985

  6. Advanced IPNE data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A complex and flexible data acquisition system has been developed in order to run relative complex experiments in our acceleration system - ALIGATOR. AIDA programme has been carried out on a small PDP - 11/34 computer and is based on a CAMAC hardware. The main hardware and software features are presented. (authors)

  7. Prototype VME and CAMAC form factor time stamping module development for nuclear physics experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The modern nuclear physics experiments employ large detector arrays for measurement of different radiations, like charge particle, Gamma, Neutron etc. Heterogeneous detector systems may have different response time and different front end processing. The trigger rate of the individual detector system, as well as the width of the acquisition window may vary accordingly. It may not be possible to generate a common GATE signal to acquire correlated events, without introducing significant dead time. It is proposed to run multiple DAQ (Data Acquisition System) independently on its own trigger and mark the data with high-resolution time stamps. Time stamp may be the absolute time or a local counter value. The offline event builder generates the global correlated events by matching the time stamp values

  8. A prototype switched Ethernet data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A prototype switched Ethernet data acquisition system has been built up and successfully operated in HL-1M tokamak experiments. The system is based on a switched high bandwidth Ethernet network with which the CAMAC crates are directly interfaced. It takes the advanced features of LAN switch and Ethernet CAMAC controller (ECC 1365 MK III, HYTEC product) to avoid the rewriting of CAMAC driver for an individual computer system and to ensure high data transmission rate between CAMAC system and host computers on the network. It is a new approach to DAS system architecture and provides a solution for a well-known bottleneck problem in traditional distributed DAS system for fusion research. An average throughput of the test system reaches over 100 Mbps. The system features also an easy and low cost migration from traditional distributed DAS system. In the paper, the hardware configuration, software structure, performance of the system and the method of migrating from current DAS system are discussed in detail. (orig.)

  9. The Nuclotron internal target control and data acquisition system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isupov, A.Yu., E-mail: isupov@moonhe.jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation); Krasnov, V.A.; Ladygin, V.P.; Piyadin, S.M.; Reznikov, S.G. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation)

    2013-01-11

    The new control system of the Nuclotron (JINR, Dubna) internal target is described in both hardware and software aspects. The CAMAC hardware is based on the use of the standard CAMAC modules developed and manufactured at JINR. The internal target control and data acquisition (IntTarg CDAQ) system software is implemented using the ngdp framework under the Unix-like operating system (OS) FreeBSD to allow easy network distribution of the online data collected from internal target and accompanying detectors, as well as the internal target remote control.

  10. The Nuclotron internal target control and data acquisition system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isupov, A. Yu.; Krasnov, V. A.; Ladygin, V. P.; Piyadin, S. M.; Reznikov, S. G.

    2013-01-01

    The new control system of the Nuclotron (JINR, Dubna) internal target is described in both hardware and software aspects. The CAMAC hardware is based on the use of the standard CAMAC modules developed and manufactured at JINR. The internal target control and data acquisition (IntTarg CDAQ) system software is implemented using the ngdp framework under the Unix-like operating system (OS) FreeBSD to allow easy network distribution of the online data collected from internal target and accompanying detectors, as well as the internal target remote control.

  11. The BNL Accelerator Test Facility control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Described is the VAX/CAMAC-based control system for Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility, a laser/linac research complex. Details of hardware and software configurations are presented along with experiences of using Vsystem, a commercial control system package

  12. The multi-crate VME data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The VME (Versa Module Europe) based data acquisition (DAQ) system is being used for many nuclear physics experiments at VECC. The current version of the software supports both VME and CAMAC system. The DAQ system has been recently upgraded to support the multi-crate VME system

  13. Upgrade of a control system for the JAERI ERL-FEL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The accelerator control system used for the JAERI ERL-FEL is a PC-based distributed control system that has been in operation since 1992. Since an interface bus of the PCs is obsolete, interface boards for the PCs are difficult to obtain in recent years. Thus we have been developing the CAMAC controller with μITRON operating system to replace the old PCs connected with CAMAC. We will introduce a Java and CORBA environment in the new control system. The control system upgrade, including hardware upgrading and applications rewriting, is described in this paper. (author)

  14. IBM/PC-based system development for nuclear spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The specific feature of such system are both crate controller which is used for CAMAC-IBM PC interfacing and spectroscopy controller which is used for spectrum acquisition. The multilevel and multiprocessing systems can be developed from such a basic system by means of AC's linked with another computer

  15. On-line control system for a testing vacuum bed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-line control system (CS) designed for reduction of time for accelerator vacuum element (differential pumping-out units, vacuum chambers etc) technological pretreatment; for increase of application coefficient for stand resources; for development of measurement technique, recording and visualization of vacuum parameters and technological parameters of the main vacuum equipment; for standardization of verified vacuum multimicroprocessor system with CAMAC combined protocol

  16. A remote control system for the LELA experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A modular system for closed loop computer control of stepping motors has been realized and used for optical component movement of LELA experiment in radiation risk area. A CAMAC module, controlling up to 15 stepping motors, a NIM dual motor driver and a special purpose circuit for computer interfacing are described

  17. Data acquisition systems for high energy Physics experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe here the Data Acquisition Systems most frequently used in High Energy Physics experiments. This report begins with a brief description of the main elements of a typical signal processing chain, following with a detailed exposition of the four most popular instrumentation standards used in this kind of experimental: NIM, CAMAC, FASTBUS and VME. (Author) 9 refs

  18. SYSTEM DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE FOR THE RECENT DIII-D NEUTRAL BEAM COMPUTER UPGRADE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    OAK-B135 This operating year marks an upgrade to the computer system charged with control and data acquisition for neutral beam injection system's heating at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility, funded by the US Department of Energy and operated by General Atomics (GA). This upgrade represents the third and latest major revision to a system which has been in service over twenty years. The first control and data acquisition computers were four 16 bit mini computers running a proprietary operating system. Each of the four controlled two ion source over dedicated CAMAC highway. In a 1995 upgrade, the system evolved to be two 32 bit Motorola mini-computers running a version of UNIX. Each computer controlled four ion sources with two CAMAC highways per CPU. This latest upgrade builds on this same logical organization, but makes significant advances in cost, maintainability, and the degree to which the system is open to future modification. The new control and data acquisition system is formed of two 2 GHz Intel Pentium 4 based PC's, running the LINUX operating system. Each PC drives two CAMAC serial highways using a combination of Kinetic Systems PCI standard CAMAC Hardware Drivers and a low-level software driver written in-house expressly for this device. This paper discusses the overall system design and implementation detail, describing actual operating experience for the initial six months of operation

  19. SYSTEM DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE FOR THE RECENT DIII-D NEUTRAL BEAM COMPUTER UPGRADE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    PHILLIPS,J.C; PENAFLOR,B.G; PHAM,N.Q; PIGLOWSKI,D.A

    2003-10-01

    OAK-B135 This operating year marks an upgrade to the computer system charged with control and data acquisition for neutral beam injection system's heating at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility, funded by the US Department of Energy and operated by General Atomics (GA). This upgrade represents the third and latest major revision to a system which has been in service over twenty years. The first control and data acquisition computers were four 16 bit mini computers running a proprietary operating system. Each of the four controlled two ion source over dedicated CAMAC highway. In a 1995 upgrade, the system evolved to be two 32 bit Motorola mini-computers running a version of UNIX. Each computer controlled four ion sources with two CAMAC highways per CPU. This latest upgrade builds on this same logical organization, but makes significant advances in cost, maintainability, and the degree to which the system is open to future modification. The new control and data acquisition system is formed of two 2 GHz Intel Pentium 4 based PC's, running the LINUX operating system. Each PC drives two CAMAC serial highways using a combination of Kinetic Systems PCI standard CAMAC Hardware Drivers and a low-level software driver written in-house expressly for this device. This paper discusses the overall system design and implementation detail, describing actual operating experience for the initial six months of operation.

  20. Data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The topic of this paper deals with a multi parametric acquisition system developed around a four input Analog to Digital Converter working in CAMAC Standard. The acquisition software is built in MS Visual C++ on a standard PC with a USB interface. It has a visual interface which permits Start/Stop of the acquisition, setting the type of acquisition (True/Live time), the time and various menus for primary data acquisition. The spectrum is dynamically visualized with a moving cursor indicating the content and position. The microcontroller PIC16C765 is used for data transfer from ADC to PC; The microcontroller and the software create an embedded system which emulates the CAMAC protocol programming, the 4 input ADC for operating modes ('zero suppression', 'addressed' and 'sequential') and handling the data transfers from ADC to its internal memory. From its memory the data is transferred into the PC by the USB interface. The work is in progress. (authors)

  1. Control organization in data storage systems for nuclear physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is dealing with the study of the general organization methods of the control in data storage systems for experimental data and with the presentation of author's contribution to command blocks and programs for such systems. We emphasize control problems in modular systems for experimental data storage, taking into account both the systems equipped with specialized processes and those equipped with computers or microprocessors. We present the design methods of command blocks for specialized installations and the solutions adopted for two types of installations: control block of a synchronous battery assigned to improve siqnal-noise ratio within electronic paramagnetic resonance spectra and modular micro-coded programer of a system for taking over the data from uncorrelated inputs in neutron physics experiments. We also study the organization and command way of data storage and processing modular systems. Methods for functional units interconnection, structure of base lines, and problems proper to configurations of distributed contro are investigated. Next, we present the solutions adopted in order to make up some command units for CAMAC standard systems. In this respect, we describe a fast CAMAC processor and a modular command unit with microprocessor and CAMAC computer interfaces, assigned to DEC PDP 11, FELIX M18 and FELIX MC8 computers. We review the methods used in CAMAC programing, the author's programs to command the installations directed by the control units mentioned above. These programs have been written in many programing languages (ASSEMBLER, IML, CAMAC subroutines which may be called in FORTRAN and BASIC) and have been used in various fields (configurations and interfaces testing, programs developing, command of some concrete installations). (author)

  2. CORBA technology in reengineering the FTU data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In its early stages, Frascati tokamak upgrade DAS was essentially devoted to acquiring data from experiments in CAMAC standard, using a software system (code and database) entirely written by domestic professionals. In 15 years of life DAS has been growing in size and complexity, still preserving its original structure; at the same time new standards were introduced (VME, PCI) to take into account users' ever increasing demands for amount of data and acquisition frequency with which the existing code couldn't cope. Moreover, machines were getting old and the maintenance became troublesome. Finally, the data archive porting to Unix has definitely shown that the DAS system was ageing and a thorough redesign was needed. The system we are planning to introduce is founded on a standard CORBA bus: (i) to integrate heterogeneous platforms and define a standard layer for interactions between the different acquisition units; (ii) to grant, with open source tools (MySql) and interfaces (Html and Java), unified access to hardware and software configuration data. So, a dedicated PC server, connected via a suitable PCI serial highway driver card, will perform the CAMAC access for all the clients interacting through the CORBA layer. Up to now we have successfully tested CAMAC access, and we designed an acquisition unit, which will be the building block of the new system. The next step will be migrating to Alpha/VMS the software related to CAMAC data acquisition, which has been so far the cornerstone of the whole DAS; it will be completely redesigned to fit the 'acquisition unit' paradigm we have defined. Finally we will have a fully distributed data acquisition system with VME (at present six such units have been operating since 1999) and PCI stations, an Alpha/VMS client of the CAMAC/PC server and any possible platform interacting through a CORBA bus for getting data configuration, synchronisation and data archiving

  3. Wire spark chamber capacitive readout system with low leakage current and small systematic error

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderhub, H.B.; Boecklin, J.; von Gunten, H.P.; Koenig, H.; Le Coultre, P.; Makowiecki, D.; Seiler, P.G. (Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule, Zurich (Switzerland). Lab. fuer Hochenergiephysik)

    1983-02-15

    A wire spark chamber capacitive readout system with analog FET switch multiplexing and CAMAC interface is described. Two wire planes per chamber are read out. The information of each plane is sequentially digitized in one ADC. This and the low leakage current of the FET switches guarantee a small systematic error of the measurement of the spark position.

  4. A wire spark chamber capacitive readout system woth low leakage current and small systematic error

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A wire spark chamber capacitive readout system with analog FET switch multiplexing and CAMAC interface is described. Two wire planes per chamber are read out. The information of each plane is sequentially digitized in one ADC. This and the low leakage current of the FET switches guarantee a small systematic error of the measurement of the spark position. (orig.)

  5. Control system of the Superconducting X-Ray Lithography (SXLS) at Brookhaven

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design and implementation of a distributed real-time control system for a compact synchrotron will be discussed. Graphic generation of accelerator device control logic, CAMAC device interfaces and operator display screens is presented. Beam digitization techniques and results of beam position and profile measurements is presented. Methods for automation of routine operator procedures will be discussed. 5 refs

  6. Data acquisition system for Experiment E866 at the Brookhaven AGS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiment E866 consists of two spectrometers and related detectors for investigations of collisions of relativistic beams of Au ions with fixed targets at the Brookhaven AGS. The data acquisition system, consisting of 11 CPUs in a single VME crate, gathers data from 8 Camac crates and 6 Fastbus crates

  7. Data acquisition systems for high energy Physics experiments; Sistemas de adquisicion de datos en experimentos de Fisica de Particulas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, I.; Olmos, P.

    1986-07-01

    We describe here the Data Acquisition Systems most frequently used in High Energy Physics experiments. This report begins with a brief description of the main elements of a typical signal processing chain, following with a detailed exposition of the four most popular instrumentation standards used in this kind of experimental: NIM, CAMAC, FASTBUS and VME. (Author) 9 refs.

  8. The standard GANIL data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The GANIL general data acquisition system is described, which is based on VME crates distributed in several experimental areas, linked to a VAX cluster by optical fibers and ethernet for control and storage. Acquisition buses are CAMAC, FERA and VXI. The system configuration, experiment description procedures and adaptation for VXI and remote controls for the 4π INDRA detector are presented. The INDRA asynchronous electronic trigger is also discussed. (author) 2 refs., 4 figs

  9. BNL ACCELERATOR TEST FACILITY CONTROL SYSTEM UPGRADE.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MALONE,R.; BEN-ZVI,I.; WANG,X.; YAKIMENKO,V.

    2001-06-18

    Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) has embarked on a complete upgrade of its decade old computer system. The planned improvements affect every major component: processors (Intel Pentium replaces VAXes), operating system (Linux/Real-Time Linux supplants OpenVMS), and data acquisition equipment (fast Ethernet equipment replaces CAMAC serial highway.) This paper summarizes the strategies and progress of the upgrade along with plans for future expansion.

  10. Use of VME computers for the data acquisition system of the PHOENICS experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data acquisition program PHON (PHOENICS ONLINE) for the PHOENICS-experiment at the stretcher ring ELSA in Bonn is described. PHON is based on a fast parallel CAMAC readout with special VME-front-end-processors (VIP) and a VAX computer, allowing comfortable control and programming. Special tools have been developed to facilitate the implementation of user programs. The PHON-compiler allows to specify the arrangement of the CAMAC-modules to be read out for each event (camaclist) using a simple language. The camaclist is translated in 68000 Assembly and runs on the front-end-processors, making high data rates possible. User programs for monitoring and control of the experiment normally require low data rates and therefore run on the VAX computer. CAMAC operations are supported by the PHON CAMAC-Library. For graphic representation of the data the CERN standard program libraries HBOOK and PAW are used. The data acquisition system is very flexible and can be easily adapted to different experiments. (orig.)

  11. Present status of the JT-60 control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present status of the control system for a large fusion device of the JT-60 upgrade tokamak is reported including its original design concept, the progress of the system in the past five-year operation and modification for the upgrade. The control system has the features of hierarchical structure, computer control, adoption of CAMAC interfaces and protective interlock by both software and hard-wired systems. Plant monitoring and control are performed by an efficient data communication via CAMAC highways. Sequential discharge control of is executed by a combination of computers and a timing system. A plasma feedback control system with fast 32-bit microprocessors and a man/machine interface with modern workstations have been newly developed for the operation of the JT-60 upgrade. (author)

  12. Development of data acquisition software for VME based system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A data acquisition system for VME has been developed for use in accelerator based experiments. The development was motivated by the growing demand for higher throughput in view of the increasing size of experiments. VME based data acquisition system provides a powerful alternative to CAMAC standards on account of higher readout speeds (100 ns/word) resulting in reduced dead time. Further, high density VME modules are capable of providing up to 640 channels in a single VME crate with 21 slots. The software system LAMPS, earlier developed for CAMAC based system and used extensively in our laboratory and elsewhere has been modified for the present VME based system. The system makes use of the VME library to implement Chain Block Transfer Readout (CBLT) and gives the option of both Polling and Interrupt mode to acquire data. Practical throughput of ∼ 250 ns/word in zero suppressed mode has been achieved. (author)

  13. SPHERE DAQ and off-line systems: implementation based on the qdpb system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Design of the on-line data acquisition (DAQ) system for the SPHERE setup (LHE, JINR) is described. SPHERE DAQ is based on the qdpb (Data Processing with Branchpoints) system and configurable experimental data and CAMAC hardware representations. Implementation of the DAQ and off-line program code, depending on the SPHERE setup's hardware layout and experimental data contents, is explained as well as software modules specific for such implementation

  14. Therminoic gun control system for the CEBAF injector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The injector for the CEBAF accelerator must produce a high-quality electron beam to meet the overall accelerator specifications. A Hermosa electron gun with a 2 mm-diameter cathode and a control aperture has been chosen as the electron source. This must be controlled over a wide range of operating conditions to meet the beam specifications and to provide flexibility for accelerator commissioning. The gun is controlled using Computer Automated Measurement and Control (CAMAC IEEE-583) technology. The system employs the CAMAC-based control architecture developed at CEBAF. The control system has been tested, and early operating data on the electron gun and the injector beam transport system has been obtained. This system also allows gun parameters to be stored at the operator location, without paralyzing operation. This paper describes the use of this computer system in the control of the CEBAF electron gun. 2 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab

  15. Data acquisition system for BESIII MUON gas monitor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A counting plateau data acquisition system and full energy photo electron peak spectrum data acquisition system were designed based on CAMAC, in order to research the performance of BESIII MUON gas monitor under 55Fe 5.9 KeV X-ray. With data acquisition board PCI-1716L, and adopting LabVIEW and ROOT software, we also designed a data acquisition system, which had long time running stability, accurate data analysis character and less electronic hardware. (authors)

  16. Application of programmable controllers to vacuum system interlocks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the Doublet III Vacuum Control System in which all input signals and output loads are connected to a programmable controller (PC) for logical interfacing. Input signals derived from CAMAC, control panels, limit switches, etc., are implemented as output signals to CAMAC, vacuum valves, pump motors, etc., according to a logic program stored in the PC memory. The memory can be easily programmed by anyone familar with either Boolean algebra or relay-ladder network diagrams. The program data is entered with the aid of a calculator like, keyboard instrument with LED readout displays. The PC system contains a 1024 word RAM memory with a battery backup system to provide 72 hours protection of contents in case of power failure

  17. Upgrading the BEPC control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The BEPC control system has been put into operation and operated normally since the end of 1987. Three years's experience shows this system can satisfy basically the operation requirements, also exhibits some disadvantages araised from the original centralized system architecture based on the VAX-VCC-CAMAC, such as slow response, bottle neck of VCC, less CPU power for control etc.. This paper describes the method and procedure for upgrading the BEPC control system which will be based on DEC net and DEC-WS, and thus intend to upgrade the control system architecture from the centralized to the distributed and improve the integral system performance. (author)

  18. The acquisition and supervision system of S.A.R.A.'s (Accelerator system Rhone-Alpes) parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The acquisition and supervision system of SARA's (Systeme Accelerateur Rhone-Alpes) parameters is built up. The basic hardware consists of: - A PDP 11/10 computer with a 64 K bytes memory capacity. The system and load device is a floppy disk of 28 megabytes capacity. - A CAMAC crate including a data logger with 224 input channels, a terminal driver (JTY21) and three modules designed for reading out a few digital data, for instance polarities of power supplies. The software provides three distinct programs: AKITS, which uses 3 commands, detects and signals functioning defects in the CAMAC modules used. AKIDO which uses 11 commands, is the acquisition and organization program of the accelerator's functioning parameters. AKISUR is the supervision program of the functioning parameter's stability, within a fixed gap, during the accelerator running

  19. A PC-Linux-based data acquisition system for the STAR TOFp detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Commodity hardware running the open source operating system Linux is playing various important roles in the field of high energy physics. This paper describes the PC-Linux-based Data Acquisition System of STAR TOFp detector. It is based on the conventional solutions with front-end electronics made of NIM and CAMAC modules controlled by a PC running Linux. The system had been commissioned into the STAR DAQ system, and worked successfully in the second year of STAR physics runs

  20. Applications of small computers for systems control on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Desktop computers operating into a CAMAC-based interface are used to control and monitor the operation of the various subsystems on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). These systems include: shot sequencer/master timing, neutral beam control (four consoles), magnet power system control, ion-cyclotron resonant heating (ICRH) control, thermocouple monitoring, getter system control, gas fueling system control, and electron-cyclotron resonant heating (ECRH) monitoring. Two additional computers are used to control the TMX-U neutral beam test stand and provide computer-aided repair/test and development of CAMAC modules. These machines are usually programmed in BASIC, but some codes have been interpreted into assembly language to increase speed. Details of the computer interfaces and system complexity are described as well as the evolution of the systems to their present states

  1. Data acquisition system DAPHNE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DAPHNE is a data acquisition system which is being created to satisfy the needs of the accelerator based experimental research program of the division in particular the one at ATLAS. It is CAMAC based with a hardware front end consisting of multiple single board processors in a Multibus cage to provide a parallel processing capability. The host computer, a VAX 750, will provide for data logging, histogram memory space, and user interaction. The first DAPHNE system is being designed and constructed for use by ATLAS and is expected to be ready by late spring, 1985

  2. Thermionic gun control system for the CEBAF [Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility] injector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The injector for the CEBAF accelerator must produce a high-quality electron beam to meet the overall accelerator specifications. A Hermosa electron gun with a 2 mm-diameter cathode and a control aperture has been chosen as the electron source. This must be controlled over a wide range of operating conditions to meet the beam specifications and to provide flexibility for accelerator commissioning. The gun is controlled using Computer Automated Measurement and Control (CAMAC IEEE-583) technology. The system employs the CAMAC-based control architecture developed at CEBAF. The control system has been tested, and early operating data on the electron gun and the injector beam transport system has been obtained. This system also allows gun parameters to be stored at the operator location, without paralyzing operation. This paper describes the use of this computer system in the control of the CEBAF electron gun. 2 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab

  3. Remote control of LeCroy HV4032/2132 high voltage system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A remote control system for the LeCroy high voltage set is presented. A dialogue program controls the HV4032A unit through the 2132 Interface in the CAMAC system. The unit may contain up to 32 high voltage channels for photomultipliers or wire chambers. The working principles of the system are described. The FORTRAN program, LHV, has been written for the CES 'STARBURST' computer. A listing of the program is included. (author)

  4. On-line system for control of vacuum pump stations of an accelerating complex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-line system for control of vacuum pump stations of the heavy ion accelerator is described. Block diagram of hardware part of the system is considered and main functions of software are described. ELEKTRONIKA MS-0507 microcomputer is used for control. The developed system of control is oriented to CAMAC, VECTOR standards and it allows to use microcomputer of another type at application of the respective controller

  5. Development of new data acquisition system at the SF cyclotron facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new data acquisition system has been developed for experiments at the SF cyclotron facility of the Institute for Nuclear Study of the University of Tokyo with using VAX Station 3500. This system includes CAMAC together with J-11 as a front-end processor, and is intended to be used in event-by-event mode data acquisition. An explanation of the basic structure of the system and detailed instructions are given for the practical usage. (author)

  6. ECH control system for new 1 MW 110 GHz gyrotrons at DIII-D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two new Varian 1 MW 110 GHz gyrotrons are currently being developed and are due to be tested at General Atomics next year. A new cost-effective gyrotron control system to operate multiple gyrotrons simultaneously is being developed. Different systems and combinations that were considered include CAMAC, PLC, VXIbus, and a local computer. This paper will explain the decision making processes used in choosing and implementing the new control system architecture

  7. The control system for the CERN proton synchrotron continuous transfer ejection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the hardware and the software structure of a stand-alone control system for the continuous transfer ejection from the CERN Proton Synchrotron to the Super Proton Synchrotron. The process control system is built around a PDP 11/40 mini-computer interfaced to the ejection elements via CAMAC. It features automatic failure recovery and real-time process optimization. Performance, flexibility, and reliability of the system is evaluated. (Auth.)

  8. The new secondary channel control system at TRIUMF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control of the secondary channels at TRIUMF has been decentralized. Each channel is now controlled through a single CAMAC crate from an IBM PC in the experimental counting room. Intelligent motor controllers were developed to replace the ageing slit control system. Advanced features of the control software package TICS, such as computer optimization of channel parameters and high-voltage conditioning of the dc separators, are described. (orig.)

  9. System software of the CERN proton synchrotron control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PS complex consists of 10 different interconnected accelerators or storage rings, mainly controlled by the same distributed system of NORD-10 and ND-100 minicomputers. After a brief outline of the hardware, this report gives a detailed description of the system software, which is based on the SINTRAN III operating system. It describes the general layout of the software, the network, CAMAC access, programming languages, program development, and microprocessor support. It concludes with reviews of performance, documentation, organization and methods, and future prospects. (orig.)

  10. Data acquisition system enhancements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The principal data acquisition system consists of a DEC PDP 11/60 computer with two 5 megabyte RL-01 disks, a 1600 bpi 75 ips 9 track tape drive, a Printronix P-300 printer/plotter with a Trilog Tektronix hardcopy board, a DEC VT-11 graphics display, a Tektronix 4006 terminal and a BiRa MBD-11 controlling a CAMAC crate to connect with twelve Tracor Northern TN-1213 ADCs. 15 NPL-built 75 MHz scalers are read via an IEEE-488 bus interface. New data acquisition hardware and software are described and some programming considerations are discussed

  11. A VME-based accumulation, control and supervising system for neutron texture measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nowadays VME-based systems to control neutron measurement instruments are forcing out those built with PC and CAMAC. One of several alternative solutions is presented here. Its main feature is the implementation of the entire system on the VME site. Both the hardware and the software parts are considered. The instrument can be controlled locally or remotely via local network (even from PCs) with a modern-styled graphical user interface

  12. Use of de-randomizing buffers in a data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the course manual for a laboratory course that was designed to demonstrate a basic technique employed in data acquisition systems for the purpose of reducing deadtime and thereby increasing throughput. A custom CAMAC module was designed and built at Fermilab for use in these measurements. The use of queueing theory to predict the performance of the system is discussed, including some equations which can be used for that purpose. copyright 1998 American Institute of Physics

  13. Use of de-randomizing buffers in a data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the course manual for a laboratory course that was designed to demonstrate a basic technique employed in data acquisition systems for the purpose of reducing deadtime and thereby increasing throughput. A custom CAMAC module was designed and built at Fermilab for use in these measurements. The use of queueing theory to predict the performance of the system is discussed, including some equations which can be used for that purpose

  14. Design of the control and data acquisition system for SPICA II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main features of the computerized control and data acquisition system that will be used in the new screw-pinch experiment SPICA II are described. The system is based on a PDP 11/10 computer, interfaced to the experiment via CAMAC equipment and linked to a remote PDP 11/70. This provides long-term archiving facilities and allows several data analysis programs to be run simultaneously. (author)

  15. SHIVA - A multitask data acquisition system for the Oslo University cyclotron laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors describe a general nuclear data acquisition system implemented on a minicomputer using the standard facilities of a real time operating system. The CAMAC data acquisition hardware is controlled by a high speed ADC scanner module. Sorting of multiparameter data is based on a flexible Transformation Of Nuclear Event (TONE) language. The data processing rate, including tape transfer, is several thousand events/s, depending on the complexity of the sorting program

  16. The Data Acquisition System For Multichannel Spectrometer On Base Of The NGDP Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isupov, A. Yu.; Kovtun, V. E.; Foshchan, A. G.

    2010-04-01

    In present work it is proposed to implement the data acquisition system (DAQ COMBAS) for the fragment—separator COMBAS under freely distributed UNIX—like operating system (OS) FreeBSD on base of the ngdp framework, which allows to build modular distributed DAQ. As a CAMAC subsystem the camac package (DLNP JINR) is used, which encapsulates code deals with each supported crate controller into corresponding driver. Authors create the driver kh(4) for the PCI adapter of the CC02 controller (Karazin Kharkov National University). The runtime configurable r2h(1) histogram server module is supposed. The histGUI(1) client module is intended for histograms viewing as well as for r2h(1) runtime control and configurating. The histGUI(1) client will not depend on DAQ and ngdp system libraries, so can be compiled under any OS equipped by the ROOT package.

  17. Development of a data acquisition system using a RISC/UNIXTM workstation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed a compact data acquisition system on RISC/UNIX workstations. A SUNTM SPARCstationTM IPC was used, in which an extension bus 'SBusTM' was linked to a VMEbus. The transfer rate achieved was better than 7 Mbyte/s between the VMEbus and the SUN. A device driver for CAMAC was developed in order to realize an interruptive feature in UNIX. In addition, list processing has been incorporated in order to keep the high priority of the data handling process in UNIX. The successful developments of both device driver and list processing have made it possible to realize the good real-time feature on the RISC/UNIX system. Based on this architecture, a portable and versatile data taking system has been developed, which consists of a graphical user interface, I/O handler, user analysis process, process manager and a CAMAC device driver. (orig.)

  18. Improvement on control system of the JT-60 radio frequency heating system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinozaki, Shin-ichi; Moriyama, Shinichi; Hiranai, Shinichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment; Sato, Fumiaki [Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)

    2003-03-01

    On the JT-60 radio frequency (RF) heating system, the decrease in the activity ratio was a problem because of the deterioration of the control system. To improve the reliability, we replaced CAMAC system for a power injection control system, which was a main cause of the trouble, with the microprocessor system. And, a function of computer supported programming function of RF power injection form was introduced, which contributed to reduce a load of operators. Furthermore, personal computers with network communication were introduced to improve a maintenance ability of the control system. As a result, the activity ratio of the RF heating system was improved significantly. (author)

  19. The CEBAF control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CEBAF has recently upgraded its accelerator control system to use EPICS, a control system toolkit being developed by a collaboration among laboratories in the US and Europe. The migration to EPICS has taken place during a year of intense commissioning activity, with new and old control systems operating concurrently. Existing CAMAC hardware was preserved by adding a CAMAC serial highway link to VME; newer hardware developments are now primarily in VME. Software is distributed among three tiers of computers: first, workstations and X terminals for operator interfaces and high level applications; second, VME single board computers for distributed access to hardware and for local control processing; third, embedded processors where needed for faster closed loop operation. This system has demonstrated the ability to scale EPICS to controlling thousands of devices, including hundreds of embedded processors, with control distributed among dozens of VME processors executing more than 125,000 EPICS database records. To deal with the large size of the control system, CEBAF has integrated an object oriented database, providing data management capabilities for both low level I/O and high level machine modeling. A new callable interface which is control system independent permits access to live EPICS data, data in other Unix processes, and data contained in the object oriented database

  20. Computer control system of TARN-II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the present status and future plane of TARN-II computer control system. At present, the microcomputer M-16 is used as the main control computer to regulate the 64 kinds of power supplies coupled with the serial CAMAC interface system. An excitation control of the main ring magnets is performed with the aid of self-learn technique to optimize the tracking error among them. An Rf pattern control is also performed with the microcomputer as well as the main ring control system. New computer system linked with the Ethernet is planed to develop the computing power and portability of the present control system. (author)

  1. A USB-2 based portable data acquisition system for detector development and nuclear research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A highly portable high-speed CAMAC data acquisition system has been developed using Kmax software (Sparrow, Inc.) for Macintosh laptop and tower computers. It uses a USB-2 interface to the CAMAC crate controller with custom-written software drivers. Kmax permits 2D parameter gating and specific algorithms have been developed to facilitate the rapid evaluation of various multi-element nuclear detectors for energy and time-of-flight measurements. This includes tests using neutrons from 252Cf and a 2.5 MeV neutron generator as well as standard gamma calibration sources such as 60Co and 137Cs. In addition, the system has been used to measure gamma-gamma coincidences over extended time periods using radioactive sources (e.g., Ra-228, Pa-233, Np-237, and Am-243).

  2. A USB-2 based portable data acquisition system for detector development and nuclear research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang Hao; Ojaruega, M. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Becchetti, F.D., E-mail: fdb@umich.edu [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Griffin, H.C.; Torres-Isea, R.O. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

    2011-10-01

    A highly portable high-speed CAMAC data acquisition system has been developed using Kmax software (Sparrow, Inc.) for Macintosh laptop and tower computers. It uses a USB-2 interface to the CAMAC crate controller with custom-written software drivers. Kmax permits 2D parameter gating and specific algorithms have been developed to facilitate the rapid evaluation of various multi-element nuclear detectors for energy and time-of-flight measurements. This includes tests using neutrons from {sup 252}Cf and a 2.5 MeV neutron generator as well as standard gamma calibration sources such as {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs. In addition, the system has been used to measure gamma-gamma coincidences over extended time periods using radioactive sources (e.g., Ra-228, Pa-233, Np-237, and Am-243).

  3. Two-processor automatized system to control fast measurements of the magnetic field index of the JINR 10 GeV proton synchrotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A two-processor system comprizing a hard-wired module and ES-1010 computer to control measurements of the magnetic field index of the JINR 10 GeV proton synchrotron is described. The system comprises the control module, a computer interface and a parallel branch driver residing in CAMAC system crate. The control module controls analogue multiplexer and analogue-to-digital converter through their front panels and writes down the information into a buffer memory module through the CAMAC highway. The computer controls the system, reads the information into core memory, writes down it on a magnetic tape, processes it and outputs n=f(r) plots on TV monitor and printer. The system provides the measurement up to 100 points during a magnetic field rise and minimal time of measurement 50 μs

  4. A data acquisition system for measuring ionization cross section in laser multi-step resonant ionization experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A CAMAC data acquisition system for measuring ionization cross section in laser multi-step resonant ionization experiment is described. The number of scalers in the front-end CAMAC can be adjusted by changing the data read-out table files. Both continuous and manual acquisition models are available, and there is a wide adjustable range from 1 ms to 800 s with the acquisition time unit. The long-term stability, Δt/t, for the data acquisition system with an acquisition time unit of 100 s was measured to be better than ±0.01%, thus validating its reliability in long-term online experimental data acquisition. The time response curves for three electrothermal power-meters were also measured by this DAQ system. (authors)

  5. Data acquisition system using a VAX-11/780 computer, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve the performance of the data acquisition system for the JAERI tandem accelerator, it was decided to change the computer from PDP-11 computers to a VAX-11/780 computer. As the first step, a CAMAC branch driver MBD-11 was interfaced to the VAX-11/780. This report describes functions and usage of a driver program BDDRIVER and basic subroutines for FORTRAN. A guide to microprogramming the MBD-11 is presented also. (author)

  6. The CEBAF control system for the CHL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CEBAF Central Helium Liquefier (CHL) control system consists of independent safety controls located at each subsystem, CAMAC computer interface hardware, and a CEBAF-designed control software called Thaumaturgic Automated Control Logic (TACL). The paper describes how control software was interfaced with the subsystems of the CHL. Topics of configuration, editing, operator interface, datalogging, and internal logic functions are presented as they relate to the operational needs of the helium plant. The paper also describes the effort underway to convert from TACL to the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), the new control system for the CEBAF accelerator. This software change will require customizing EPICS software to cryogenic process control

  7. The next generation control system of GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A short description of the new control system of GANIL is presented. It consists of a three layer distributed architecture of a VAX6000-410/VMS host computer, a real time control system made up of a dual-host VAX3800 and workstation based operator consoles, and VME and CAMAC processors at the frontend segment, running under the VAXELN operating system, and programmable logic controllers for local controls. The basic issues with regard to architecture, human interface, information management, etc. are discussed. First implementations and operation results are presented. (author) 11 figs

  8. LAMPF nuclear chemistry data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LAMPF Nuclear Chemistry Data Acquisition System (DAS) is designed to provide both real-time control of data acquisition and facilities for data processing for a large variety of users. It consists of a PDP-11/44 connected to a parallel CAMAC branch highway as well as to a large number of peripherals. The various types of radiation counters and spectrometers and their connections to the system will be described. Also discussed will be the various methods of connection considered and their advantages and disadvantages. The operation of the system from the standpoint of both hardware and software will be described as well as plans for the future

  9. X-ray detection system development for tandem mirror experiment upgrade (TMX-U): hardware and software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This x-ray detection system measures the electron Bremsstrahlung spectrum from the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U). From this spectrum, we can calculate the electron temperature. The low energy portion of the spectrum (0.5 to 40 keV) is measured by a liquid-nitrogen-cooled, lithium-drifted silicon detector. The higher energy spectrometer uses an intrinsic germanium detector to accommodate the 100 to 200 keV spectra. The system proceeds as follows. The preamplified detector signals are digitized by a high-speed A-to-D converter located in a Computer Automated Measurement and Control (CAMAC) crate. The data is then stored in a histogramming memory via a data router. The CAMAC crate interfaces with a local desktop computer or the main data acquisition computer that stores the data. The software sets up the modules, acquires the energy spectra (with sample times as short as 2 ms) and plots it. Up to 40 time-resolved spectra are available during one plasma cycle. The actual module configuration, CAMAC interfacing and software that runs the system are the subjects of this paper

  10. Multidimensional analyzer based on the MACAMAC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General information about multidimensional analyzer based on the MACAMAC system is given. The analyzer includes the 1521 microprocessor controller and the 1522 memory modules of the ''Borer'' firm (Switzerland), CAMAC modules: ADCs, coincidence organization module, display driver, paper tape input and output modules. The Videoton-34O serves as a terminal, and for data visualization the RG-96 display device is used. The analyzer software includes: a monitor, data acquisition programs, display program and users' programs. The monitor organizes user-system dialogue by means of terminal keyboard

  11. The VAXONLINE software system at Fermilab

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The VAXONLINE software system, started in late 1984, is now in use at 12 experiments at Fermilab, with at least one VAX or MicroVax. Data acquisition features now provide for the collection and combination of data from one or more sources, via a list-driven Event Builder program. Supported sources include CAMAC, FASTBUS, Front-end PDP-11's, Disk, Tape, DECnet, and other processors running VAXONLINE. This paper describes the functionality provided by the VAXONLINE system, gives performance figures, and discusses the ongoing program of enhancements

  12. Data Acquisition System for RPC Testing

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmed, Ijaz; Ansari, Muhammad Hamid; Asghar, Muhammad Irfan; Asghar, Sajjad; Awan, Irfan Ullah; Butt, Jamila; Hoorani, Hafeez R; Khurshid, Ishtiaq Hussain Taimoor; Muhammad, Saleh; Shahzad, Hassan; Aftab, Zia; Iftikhar, Mian; Khan, Mohammad Khalid; Saleh, M

    2008-01-01

    The Data Acquisition (DAQ) System of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) RPC test station was built in National Centre for Physics (NCP) during the year 2004-2005 with joint efforts by NCP and PAEC groups. The system is based on the NIM, VME and CAMAC technologies which allowed users to test 10 RPCs simultaneously. With the help of our facility more than 300 RPCs were tested and finally shipped to CERN. This note describes different components of the DAQ in detail and presents a few results from the online DAQ.

  13. System control and data acquisition of the two new FWCD RF systems at DIII-D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fast Wave Current Drive (FWCD) system at DIII-D has increased its available radio frequency (RF) power capabilities with the addition of two new high power transmitters along with their associated transmission line systems. A Sun Sparc-10 workstation, functioning as the FWCD operator console, is being used to control transmitter operating parameters and transmission line tuning parameters, along with acquiring data and making data available for integration into the DIII-D data acquisition system. Labview, a graphical user interface application, is used to manage and control the above processes. This paper will discuss the three primary branches of the FWCD computer control system: transmitter control, transmission line tuning control, and FWCD data acquisition. The main control program developed uses VXI, GPIB, CAMAC, Serial, and Ethernet protocols to blend the three branches together into one cohesive system. The control of the transmitters utilizes VXI technology to communicate with the transmitter's digital interface. A GPIB network allows for communication with various instruments and CAMAC crate controllers. CAMAC crates are located at each phase-shifter/stub-tuner station and are used to digitize transmission line parameters along with transmission line fault detection during RF transmission. The phase-shifter/stub-tuner stations are located throughout the DIII-D facility and are controlled from the FWCD operator console via the workstation's Serial port. The Sun workstation has an Ethernet connection allowing for the utilization of the DIII-D data acquisition Open System architecture and of course providing communication with the rest of the world

  14. Upgrade of control system for the BEPCII

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The BEPC will increase its luminosity ten times with upgrade of both the machine and detector, which is the project BEPCII. The project will be started at beginning of 2002 and finished within 3-4 years. In order to reach the goal of the BEPCII, a number of new equipment will be added in the system, such as the superconducting RF cavities, new magnet power supplies and beam feedback system, and the BEPC control system has to be upgraded. The BEPC control system was built in 1987 and was upgraded in 1994. It is an Open VMS and CAMAC based-system, some equipment is controlled by PCs. The authors are going to upgrade the existing system by EPICS. Several VME IOCs will be added in the system with fieldbus, PLCs for the new equipment control. And the authors will keep the existing system in use, such as CAMAC hardware, PC based sub-control and application programs, which will be merged into the EPICS system. Recently the development of the EPICS prototype has been started. Regard some slow control, commercial SCADA product can be chosen as the development tool. The authors have just finished a prototype with the SCADA product Wizcon. The authors will describe the system design and development issues

  15. FEL injector control system on the base of EPICS

    CERN Document Server

    Salikova, T V; Kurkin, G Ya; Oreshkov, A D; Scheglov, M A; Tribendis, A G

    2001-01-01

    The control system of the 1.5 MeV FEL injector is built on the base of ported EPICS. It uses low-cost hardware: personal computers with the processor Intel x86 and CAMAC equipment produced by our institute. At present time, the distributed control system includes one Pentium at OPerator Interface (OPI) level and two IOC (Input Output Controllers) under supervision of the real time operating system LynxOS/x86 at the low-level. Each IOC is used for monitoring of autonomous parts of the injector. The first IOC operates the Radio Frequency (RF) system. The second IOC operates the injector equipment

  16. System control and data acquisition of the two new FWCD RF systems at DIII-D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fast Wave Current Drive (FWCD) system at DIII-D has increased its available radio frequency (RF) power capabilities with the addition of two new high power transmitters along with their associated transmission line systems. A Sun Sparc-10 workstation, functioning as the FWCD operator console, is being used to control transmitter operating parameters and transmission line tuning parameters, along with acquiring data and making data available for integration into the DIII-D data acquisition system. Labview, a graphical user interface application, is used to manage and control the above processes. This paper will discuss the three primary branches of the FWCD computer control system: transmitter control, transmission line tuning control, and FWCD data acquisition. The main control program developed uses VXI, GPIB, CAMAC, Serial, and Ethernet protocols to blend the three branches together into one cohesive system. The control of the transmitters utilizes VXI technology to communicate with the transmitter's digital interface. A GPIB network allows for communication with various instruments and CAMAC crate controllers. CAMAC crates are located at each phase-shifter/stub-tuner station and are used to digitize transmission line parameters along with transmission line fault detection during RF transmission. The phase-shifter/stub-tuner stations are located through out the DIII-D facility and are controlled from the FWCD operator console via the workstation's Serial port. The Sun workstation has an Ethernet connection allowing for the utilization of the DIII-D data acquisition open-quotes Open Systemclose quotes architecture and of course providing communication with the rest of the world

  17. An adaptable computer control system for the Daresbury recoil separator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a computer system for the setting and control of all the magnets and high voltage supplies of a many element spectrometer using an LSI11/23 running RT11 with CAMAC input/output. Magnetic field strengths are measured by an inexpensive and easily constructed system of Hall probes and temperature transducers. The software calculates the field strength in each magnet by applying a temperature correction and a quadratic calibration to the measured Hall voltage. Keyboard commands to the system provide many facilities for setting up and control of the separator. Communication with a remote processor via an X25 link is also described. (orig.)

  18. System for programmable micromachining by means of submicron ion beam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system with submicron ion beam is described. Very bright ion beams are generated by electrohydrodynamic source and are focused in electrostatic ion-optical column. An octupole deflector is used for astigmatism correction and beam deviation. Stabilized power supply of all elements is ensured. Lines of 0.1 μm minimum width are obtained. The micromachining process is controlled by an automated system in CAMAC standard on line with Odrenok computer. Specific features of programmable micromachining and operation of the system in the mode of scanning ion microscope are considered

  19. Modular stand-alone monitor and control system (SAMAC)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large high energy physics experiments require constant monitoring and control of the numerous components of the particle detector apparatus. This paper describes a basic hardware configuration which has been designed to satisfy the monitoring and control requirements of the many different experimental setups. The system is designed to operate in the stand-alone mode, and may be interfaced to a host computer via CAMAC. The entire system is modular so that it can be easily tailored to an individual experiment. The items monitored and/or controlled may include gas pressures, temperatures, magnetic fields, high and low voltages, and system status or safety information

  20. A Linux based data acquisition system at NSC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new on-line data acquisition system has been developed for handling the data generated by experiments conducted using the 15 MV Tandem accelerator at Nuclear Science Centre (NSC). The system consists of a network of Pentiums running Linux connected to a CAMAC branch highway, using KSC3922 Crate controllers and KSC2927 AT interface card. Hytec LP1340 list processor module is used for hardware buffering of data. The system has been tested and found to be capable of handling event data rates up to 400 k bytes per second. (author). 4 refs., 2 figs

  1. The vacuum system of the Karlsruhe magnetic spectrograph 'Little John'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The vacuum equipment of the magnetic spectrograph Little John is described. The system is characterized by the following special features: The sliding exit flange of the target chamber can be moved to the desired angle of observation without affecting the high vacuum. The pressure maintained is less by a factor of ten than the pressure in the incoming beam tubing. The vacuum system is divided into several separate pumping sections. Ground loops are strictly avoided. All actual states of relevance are fed back to the control panels. The vacuum installation is protected by hardware interlocking systems as well as by a real time program written in FORTRAN in cooperation with CAMAC interfacing. (orig.)

  2. Control system of ATF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A computer control system of Accelerator Test Facility(ATF) is described in detail. The ATF presently consists of 60MeV electron injector linac and two klystron Lest stands, and is controlled by a workstation computer with CAMAC interfaces. For its nature of R and D accelerator aimed to realize TeV region linear collider, the control system also should have a flexibility in both hardware and software. Programmable sequence controllers are introduced in the electron gun system and klystron modulator systems and their performances are tested. The control software which is coded using FORTRAN consists in many independent programs. Each program can access to full functions of a specified device or can control the function which is common to many devices

  3. Data acquisition system in TPE-1RM15

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data acquisition system for TPE-1RM15 reversed field pinch machine had been developed and has recently been completed. Thd data to be acquired consist of many channels of time series data which come from plasma diagnostics. The newly developed data acquisition system uses CAMAC (Computer Automated Measurement And Control) system as a front end data acquisition system and micro-VAX II for control, file management and analyses. Special computer programs, DAQR/D, have been developed for data acquisition routine. Experimental setting and process controlling items are managed by a parameter database in a shared common region and every task can easily refer to it. The acquired data are stored into a mass storage system (total of 1.3GBytes plus a magnetic tape system) including an optical disk system, which can save storage space and allow quick reference. At present, the CAMAC system has 88 (1MHz sampling) and 64(5kHz sampling) channels corresponding to 1.6 MBytes per shot. The data acquisition system can finish one routine within 5 minutes with 1.6MBytes data depending on the amount of graphic outputs. Hardwares and softwares of the system are specified so that the system can be easily expanded. The computer is connected to the AIST Ethernet and the system can be remotely accessed and the acquired data can be transferred to the mainframes on the network. Details about specifications and performance of the system are given in this report. (author)

  4. JT-60 plasma control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JT-60 plasma control can be performed by the supervisory controller, the measurement system and actuators such as the poloidal field coil power supplies, gas injectors, neutral beam injection (NBI) heating system and radio frequency (RF) heating system. One of the most important characteristics of this system is a perfect digital control one composed of mini-computers, fast array processors and CAMAC modules, and it has large flexibility and few troubles to adjust the system. This system started to be operated in April 1985, after the six-year-long design, construction and testing, and have been operated and improved many times for two years. In this paper, the final system specification and its performance are presented aiming at the technological aspect of hardware and software. In addition, and experienced troubles are also presented. (author)

  5. Programmable CCD imaging system for synchrotron radiation studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A real-time imaging system for x-ray detection has been developed. The CAMAC-based system has a Charge Coupled Device (CCD) as its active detection element. The electronics consist of a CAMAC-crate-based dedicated microprocessor coupled to arbitrary waveform generators, programmable timing, and ADC modules. The hardware flexibility achievable through this system enables one to use virtually any commercially available CCD. A dedicated CAMAC-based display driver allows for real-time imaging on a high-resolution color monitor. An optional front end consisting of a fiber-optic taper and a focusing optical lens system coupled to a phosphor screen allows for large area imaging. Further, programming flexibility, in which the detector can be used in different read-out modes, enables it to be exploited for time-resolved experiments. In one mode, sections of the CCD can be read-out with millisecond time-resolution and, in another, the use of the CCD as a storage device is exploited resulting in microsecond time-resolution. Three different CCDs with radically different read-out timings and waveforms have been tested: the TI 4849, a 39Ox584 pixel array; TC 215, a 1024x1O24 pixel array; and the TH 7883, a 576x384 pixel array. The TC 215 and TI 4849 are single-phase CCDs manufactured by Texas Instruments, and the TH 7883 is a four-phase device manufactured by Thomson-CSF. The CCD characterized for uniformity, charge transfer efficiency (CTE), linearity, and sensitivity is the TC215

  6. Evolution of the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Given that the Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System (ATLAS) recently celebrated its 25. anniversary, this paper will explore the past, present, and future of the ATLAS Control System, and how it has evolved along with the accelerator and control system technology. ATLAS as we know it today, originated with a Tandem Van de Graff in the sixties. With the addition of the Booster section in the late seventies, came the first computerized control. ATLAS itself was placed into service on June 25, 1985, and was the world's first superconducting linear accelerator for ions. Since its dedication as a National User Facility, more than a thousand experiments by more than 2,000 users worldwide, have taken advantage of the unique capabilities it provides. Today, ATLAS continues to be a user facility for physicists who study the particles that form the heart of atoms. Its most recent addition, CARIBU (Californium Rare Isotope Breeder Upgrade), creates special beams that feed into ATLAS. ATLAS is similar to a living organism, changing and responding to new technological challenges and research needs. As it continues to evolve, so does the control system: from the original days using a DEC PDP-11/34 computer and two CAMAC crates, to a DEC Alpha computer running Vsystem software and more than twenty CAMAC crates, to distributed computers and VME systems. Future upgrades are also in the planning stages that will continue to evolve the control system. (authors)

  7. Portable database driven control system for SPEAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new computer control system software for SPEAR is presented as a transfer from the PEP system. Features of the target ring (SPEAR) such as symmetries, magnet groupings, etc., are all contained in a design file which is read by both people and computer. People use it as documentation; a program reads it to generate the database structure, which becomes the center of communication for all the software. Geometric information, such as element positions and lengths, and CAMAC I/O routing information is entered into the database as it is developed. Since application processes refer only to the database and since they do so only in generic terms, almost all of this software (representing more then fifteen man years) is transferred with few changes. Operator console menus (touchpanels) are also transferred with only superficial changes for the same reasons. The system is modular: the CAMAC I/O software is all in one process; the menu control software is a process; the ring optics model and the orbit model are separate processes, each of which runs concurrently with about 15 others in the multiprogramming environment of the VAX/VMS operating system. 10 refs., 1 fig

  8. The timing system of the RFX Nuclear Fusion Experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The REX Nuclear Fusion Experiment [1] in Padova, Italy, employs a distributed system to produce precision trigger signals for the fast control of the experiment and for the experiment-wide synchronization of data acquisition channels. The hardware of the system is based on a set of CAMAC modules. The modules have been integrated into a hardware/software system which provides the following features: 1) generation of pre-programmed timing events, 2) distribution of asynchronous (not pre-programmed) timing events, 3) gating of timing event generation by Machine Protection System, 4) automatic stop of timing sequence in case of highway damage, 5) dual-speed time base for transient recorders, 6) system-wide precision of ≤ 3 μs, time resolution ≥ 10 μs. The operation of the timing system is fully integrated into the RFX data acquisition system software. The Timing System Software consists of three layers: the lowest one corresponds directly to the CAMAC modules, the intermediate one provides pseudo-devices which essentially correspond to specific features for the modules (e.g. a dual frequency clock source for transient recorders), the highest level provides system set-up support. The system is fully operational and was first used during the commissioning of the RFX Power Supplies in spring '91. (author)

  9. Electronics of the target diagnostics system for the Shiva Laser Fusion Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The organizing philosophy and components of a target diagnostics data acquisition system designed and implemented at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) Shiva Laser Fusion Facility are described. Several features of the system are unique: a central trigger distribution system, fiber optic communications, and fiber optics for the timing, trigger, and control and monitoring links. The system also uses CAMAC instrumentation, transient digitizers, oscilloscopes, and LLL-designed modules and packages, as well as single-point grounding of each diagnostic installation. Distributed instrumentation packages provide instrumentation flexibility and analog-to-digital conversion as close to each diagnostic sensor as practical

  10. Development and Integration of a Data Acquisition System for SST-1 Phase-1 Plasma Diagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Long pulse (of the order of 1000 s or more) SST-1 tokamak experiments demand a data acquisition system that is capable of acquiring data from various diagnostics channels without losing useful data (and hence physics information) while avoiding unnecessary generation of a large volume data. SST-1 Phase-1 tokamak operation has been envisaged with data acquisition of several essential diagnostics channels. These channels demand data acquisition at a sampling rate ranging from 1 kilo samples per second (KSPS) to 1 mega samples per second (MSPS). Considering the technical characteristics and requirements of the diagnostics, a data acquisition system based on PXI and CAMAC has been developed for SST-1 plasma diagnostics. Both these data acquisition systems are scalable. Present data acquisition needs involving slow plasma diagnostics are catered by the PXI based data acquisition system. On the other hand, CAMAC data acquisition hardware meets all requirements of the SST-1 Phase-1 fast plasma diagnostics channels. A graphical user interface for both data acquisition systems (PXI and CAMAC) has been developed using LabVIEW application development software. The collected data on the local hard disk are directly streaming to the central server through a dedicated network for post-shot data analysis. This paper describes the development and integration of the data acquisition system for SST-1 Phase-1 plasma diagnostics. The integrated testing of the developed data acquisition system has been performed using SST-1 central control and diagnostics signal conditioning units. In the absence of plasma shots, the integrated testing of the data acquisition system for the initial diagnostics of SST-1 Phase-1 operation has been performed with simulated physical signals. The primary engineering objective of this integrated testing is to validate the performance of the developed data acquisition system under simulated conditions close to that of actual tokamak operation. The data

  11. Development and Integration of a Data Acquisition System for SST-1 Phase-1 Plasma Diagnostics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Amit K SRIVASTAVA; Manika SHARMA; Imran MANSURI; Atish SHARMA; Tushar RAVAL; Subrata PRADHAN

    2012-01-01

    Long pulse (of the order of 1000 s or more) SST-1 tokamak experiments demand a data acquisition system that is capable of acquiring data from various diagnostics channels without losing useful data (and hence physics information) while avoiding unnecessary generation of a large volume data. SST-1 Phase-1 tokamak operation has been envisaged with data acquisition of several essential diagnostics channels. These channels demand data acquisition at a sampling rate ranging from 1 kilo samples per second (KSPS) to 1 mega samples per second (MSPS). Considering the technical characteristics and requirements of the diagnostics, a data acquisition system based on PXI and CAMAC has been developed for SST-1 plasma diagnostics. Both these data acquisition systems are scalable. Present data acquisition needs involving slow plasma diagnostics are catered by the PXI based data acquisition system. On the other hand, CAMAC data acquisition hardware meets all requirements of the SST-1 Phase-1 fast plasma diagnostics channels. A graphical user interface for both data acquisition systems (PXI and CAMAC) has been developed using LabVIEW application development software. The collected data on the local hard disk are directly streaming to the central server through a dedicated network for post-shot data analysis. This paper describes the development and integration of the data acquisition system for SST-1 Phase-1 plasma diagnostics. The integrated testing of the developed data acquisition system has been performed using SST-1 central control and diagnostics signal conditioning units. In the absence of plasma shots, the integrated testing of the data acquisition system for the initial diagnostics of SST-1 Phase-1 operation has been performed with simulated physical signals. The primary engineering objective of this integrated testing is to validate the performance of the developed data acquisition system under simulated conditions close to that of actual tokamak operation. The data

  12. CMB v. 1.1 Data Acquisition and Evaluation System of the Cracow Nuclear Microprobe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview of the Cracow nuclear microprobe together with its data acquisition and control system is presented. Magnetic deflection was applied for beam scanning, while detector signals acquisition is performed by the NIM/CAMAC modules under supervision of a Windows operating system running on a PC equipped with the GPIB controller card. Total spectra from every detector are accessible on-line during the measurement, while full information about detected energy and beam position is stored to a disk file in the list mode to allow off-line data analysis. System hardware and software setups together with software operations and data formats used for information storing are described. (author)

  13. Multiple, multi-dimensional data acquisition and analysis system SHINE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data acquisition system in the Tandem Accelerator Center, University of Tsukuba, has been built through two large steps of development. The first step development was started in 1976 when the construction of the tandem accelerator was completed, and completed in 1977, preparing 16 bit small computer of PDP11/40-PDP11/50 and 16 NIM type AD converters by CAMAC interface as data front. This system was named ''SHINE'', and has been utilized as a common utilization facility. For the purpose of increasing the capacity of data acquisition and analysis and improving the function of the whole system, the second step development centering around VAX11/750-VAX11/780 32 bit computer was begun in 1984, and took the place of the PDP system in 1986. In the new SHINE system, the easiness of use and the improvement of function were promoted. In this book, the outline of SHINE, the constitution of the system, the method of using the system, program control, the guide for data file processing, SHINE standard CAMAC module, HISS routine, and real time display process are described. (K.I.)

  14. On line measurement systems for calorimetric measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of on-line measurement systems for calorimetric measurements for the last twenty years is traced and an attempt of their classification according to the automation level and hardware unification degree is undertaken. Main attention is given to the structure of variuos types of the above systems and the role of computers as a control and calculating device in the system. The methodic problems are considered in brief. Semiautomatic measurement systems for calorimetric measurements on the base of simple controllers, the systems with one or several mini- and microcomputers on-line with an experimental installation as well as the systems with various types of interface buses (CAMAC, IEEE 488, Multibus) are described. Tendencies in the development of the measurement systems related with application of microprocessors into computer and measuring engineering and possible prospects of the on-line measurement systems for calorimetric measurements as a specific variety of on-line systems for physical experiments are considered

  15. Two Word CAMAC I/O module

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This note describes the 2 Word I/O subsystem and details its operating characteristics. SLAC drawings in the 926-306 series support this device and should be referenced for construction and connection details

  16. A longitudinal bunch monitoring system using LabVIEW and high-speed oscilloscopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new longitudinal bunch monitor system has been installed at Fermilab for the Tevatron and Main Ring. For each machine, a signal from a broadband wall current monitor is sampled and digitized by a high-speed oscilloscope. A Macintosh computer, running LabVIEW-based software, controls the scopes and CAMAC timing modules and analyzes the acquired data. The resulting bunch parameters are used for a variety of purposes, including Tevatron collider luminosity calculation and injection analysis. This paper examines the system in detail. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics

  17. The DEIS high energy muon spectrometer. II. The data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The whole spectrometer is read out and controlled on-line via a CAMAC-system by a minicomputer. The magnetostrictive read out signals of 66 magnetostrictive read out wands of the wire spark chambers are digitized by 20-MHz-scalers which can store up to 8 sparks per chamber. The time-of-flight of the muon, the pulse heights of the scintillation counters, the time of event are also recorded. The on-line-computer makes reliability checks of the data and stores them together with monitor data about magnetic field, gas and high voltage system, etc. on magnetic tape for off-line analysis. (author)

  18. New KENS data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report, the authors discuss a data acquisition system, KENSnet, which is newly introduced to the KENS facility. The criteria for the data acquisition system was about 1 MIPS for CPU speed and 150 Mbytes for storage capacity for a computer per spectrometer. VAX computers were chosen with their propreitary operating system, VMS. The Vax computers are connected by a DECnet network mediated by Ethernet. Front-end computers, Apple Macintosh Plus and Macintosh II, were chosen for their user-friendly manipulation and intelligence. New CAMAC-based data acquisition electronics were developed. The data acquisition control program (ICP) and the general data analysis program (Genie) were both developed at ISIS and have been installed. 2 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  19. Investigation and realization of an automatic device for the control and test of a photon tagging system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An intelligent control/test equipment for a monoenergetic photon production system was developed. The device enables simulations to be done outside experimental runs. Operation can be entirely automatic, or controlled by the experimenters. The device is modular and conforms to CAMAC standards. The architecture of the system is based around a local bus which comprises a central unit and its memory; a programmable pulse generator; a switching circuit to test and control the various paths; and a unit to communicate with the acquisition system

  20. Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) Control System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ECRH Control System was installed on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) in 1980. The system provides approximately 1 MW of 28 GHz microwave power to the TMX-U plasma. The subsystems of ECRH that must be controlled include high-voltage charging supplies, series pass tubes, and magnet supplies. In addition to the devices that must be controlled, many interlocks must be continuously monitored. The previous control system used relay logic and analog controls to operate the system. This approach has many drawbacks such as lack of system flexibility and maintainability. In order to address these problems, it was decided to go with a CAMAC and Modicon based system that uses a Hewlett-Packard 9836C personal computer to replace the previous analog controls. This paper describes the advantages, disadvantages, and the day-to-day operations of this new computer-based control and data acquisition system

  1. Distributed computer controls for accelerator systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A distributed control system has been designed and installed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Multi-user Tandem Facility using an extremely modular approach in hardware and software. The two tiered, geographically organized design allowed total system implementation with four months with a computer and instrumentation cost of approximately $100K. Since the system structure is modular, application to a variety of facilities is possible. Such a system allows rethinking and operational style of the facilities, making possible highly reproducible and unattended operation. The impact of industry standards, i.e., UNIX, CAMAC, and IEEE-802.3, and the use of a graphics-oriented controls software suite allowed the efficient implementation of the system. The definition, design, implementation, operation and total system performance will be discussed. 3 refs

  2. Integrated multi-crate FERA readout system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We discuss a moderate-size readout system based entirely on FERA compatible units. The implementation of a specially developed FERA Extender module is presented, whose main feature is the ability to distribute the system over many CAMAC crates. This provides a convenient way of splitting the FERA bus into several virtually independent sub-systems driven by individual gate signals. Tagging of the event fragments from each sub-system with an event number incremented on the arrival of each master gate, provides a convenient means of reconstructing the full event at a later stage. An example of the external supplementary FERA control logic required for a complex multi-crate and multi-gate system controlled by a single FERA Manager, is also discussed together with some remarks on the system performance

  3. The rejuvenation of TRISTAN control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current TRISTAN accelerator control system uses CAMAC as a front end electronics, and they are controlled by twenty five Hitachi minicomputer HIDIC 80's which are linked with an N-to-N token ring network. After five years from now, these computers must be replaced. This is because of the life time of control system and we have to cope with the requirements imposed by our future project such as the KEK B-Factory and the main ring photon factory projects. The rejuvenation of this control has to be done under some constraints such as the lack of manpower, limited time and financing. First we review the problems of current control system, then the philosophy of the new generation control system is presented. Finally it is discussed how to move to the new generation control system from the current TRISTAN control system. (author)

  4. A longitudinal bunch monitoring system using LabVIEW reg-sign and high-speed oscilloscopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new longitudinal bunch monitoring system has been installed at Fermilab for the Tevatron and Main Ring. For each machine, a signal from a broadband wall current monitor is sampled and digitized by a high-speed oscilloscope. A Macintosh computer, running LabVIEW-based software, controls the scopes and CAMAC timing modules and analyzes the acquired data. The resulting bunch parameters are used for a variety of purposes, including Tevatron collider luminosity calculation and injection analysis. This paper examines the system in detail

  5. Expansion of the data acquisition system for the 20 MV tandem accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes an expansion of the program of the data acquisition system for the 20 MV tandem accelerator. By the present expansion it became possible to change the accuisition mode or to use non-standard CAMAC modules with partial modification of the program according to well defined prescriptions. The modification can be made by writing microprograms for the MBD or appending subroutines for the reduced spectra in the LIST mode data acquisition. The new program can handle up to 32 ADC's in the standard LIST mode data acquisition. The present expansion aimed to increase the flexibility in data acquisition. It can also be applied to control experimental devices. (author)

  6. The computer control system for the impulse strong current supply of electrons and ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control master-slave system for the impulse strong current supply of electrons and ions is described. The microcontroller KM1816VE51 is presented on the slave layer of the control. The main control computer is IBM/AT. The impulse accelerator voltage and impulse current of the beam are measured with the accuracy of 0.5 %. The control and measuring apparatus was realized in CAMAC standard. The programme set consists of the first display programmes, control, treatment and information exit. (author)

  7. The data acquisition system for the Leeds Infirmary MWPC X-ray imaging detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An electronic system is described which is designed to acquire and process data from a MWPC X-ray imaging detector. Two dimensional information from the chamber is obtained by using cathode plane delay-line readout. A single crate CAMAC assembly is used as the chamber-computer interface. The use of control source units for the delay line scalers and TV display driver functions together with an intermediate memory in the crate allows input data rates up to 1MHz and TV display facilities without constant computer refreshing. (author)

  8. Unique computer system for safeguards use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Microprocessors have been used to implement specialized scientific data processing systems since 1976. One such system, the LeCroy 3500, is presently being used by the Detection and Verification Group of the Energy Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory for a large variety of tasks involving measurement of various nuclear parameters associated with radioactive materials. The system is unique because it can do not only sophisticated pulse height and multi-scale analyses but also other analyses that are limited only by the availability fo CAMAC modules that would acquire data from exotic experiments. The system is also field portable which extends the range of experiments that it can control. Four applications of this system are described in this paper: (1) plutonium storage vault monitoring, (2) coded aperture image reconstruction, (3) spatial distribution of gamma radiation, and (4) nuclear waste management. 7 figures

  9. A review of developments on the IUCF cyclotron control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The continued expansion of IUCF has been accompanied by an expanding control system. New vacuum control systems include automated features, e.g., foreline recovery cycling for the 35'' main stage diffusion pump and microprocessor-governed fully-automated pumpdown for the 162 cm scattering chamber. The operator consoles have been give expanded 'touch-panel' page-selector switches and CAMAC driven alphanumeric strips showing analog meter characteristics. The neutron TOF facility has a computer-controlled Gray Code target ladder. New floating-output DAC modules using DC/DC converters have been developed, at a fraction of the cost of commercial units. Multiplexed floating-input ADCs (with common mode voltages above 2000 V) are under development. To facilitate load and polarity switching, mechanical switches have been replaced by SCRs controlled via computer. The main magnet current and voltage are monitored by a hardware/software interlock circuit designed to shut down the power in the event of a ground fault. A number of beam steering loops are now closed through the computer and a program is used to oversee all the particle/energy change procedures which are computer controllable. The implementation of a CAMAC based LINK joining all four IUCF computers gives the experimenter access to and limited control of variables in the control computer. The continued expansion of IUCF and the desire for more automated control features has led to the search for, selection of, and purchase of a replacement control computer

  10. The Ganil computer control system renewal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1982 the GANIL heavy ion accelerator has been under the control of 16-bit minicomputers MITRA, programmable logic controllers and microprocessorized Camac controllers, structured into a partially centralized system. This control system has to be renewed to meet the increasing demands of the accelerator operation which aims to provide higher quality ion beams under more reliable conditions. This paper gives a brief description of the existing control system and then discusses the main issues of the design and the implementation of the future control system: distributed powerful processors federated through Ethernet and flexible network-wide database access, VME standard and front-end microprocessors, enhanced color graphic tools and workstation based operator interface

  11. The next generation control system of GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existing computer control system of GANIL is being renewed to fulfil the increasing requirements of the accelerator operation. This medium term major improvement is aiming at providing the physicists with a wider range of ion beams of higher quality under more flexible and reliable conditions. This paper gives a short description of the new control system envisioned. It consists of a three layer distributed architecture federating a VAX6000-410/VMS host computer, a real time control system made up of a dual host VAX3800 and workstation based operator consoles, and at the frontend segment: VME and CAMAC processors running under the VAXELN operating system, and programmable logic controllers for local controls. The basic issues with regard to architecture, human interface, information management, ... are discussed. Lastly, first implementations and operation results are presented. (author)

  12. The new accelerator control system of GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new computer control system is conducting the heavy ion accelerator GANIL from the beginning of 1993 and has reached a state of routine operation. It was carried out to supersede the obsolete initial system and to cope with the harsh experimental conditions required by the very high intensity beams envisioned for the next future. Hardware and software implementations, as well as human interface, are presented. Emphasis is placed on the three-layer distributed architecture adopted. An ETHERNET local area network (LAN) links the basic components: a VAX/VMS cluster, XWINDOWS interfaced operator consoles, VAXELN driven CAMAC crate controllers and programmable logic controllers for front end controls. Also data management with the INGRES relational database management system (RDBMS), as well as operating software written in ADA language, are described. First experience with the new control system is reported. Finally, trend considerations are addressed. (author) 8 refs., 6 figs

  13. Control system for a compact synchrotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control system for a compact superconducting synchrotron (HELIOS) is described. The machine is intended to be used as a prototype production tool for X-ray lithography, so emphasis has been placed on engineering the control system for this purpose. The system has been designed to be flexible for commissioning, but easy to use for an operator at a lithography facility. With this in mind the following facilities have been included: keys to limit control functions, a HELP facility for operators, colour touch-panels and displays, limits and other software protection. The conservative hardware design is based on well established CAMAC interfaces. Similarly, the software runs on a MicroVAX with VMS, is written in FORTRAN 77, and is adapted from a well developed SLAC control system. Design features include the use of local intelligence for some subsystems, modular hardware and software, interlocks and a central database. (orig.)

  14. Implementation of an INTEL 8080 microprocessor development system using existing minicomputers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The INTEL 8080 has become one of the two most widely used microprocessors (μP's) at CERN, the other being the MOTOROLA 6800. Even though this is the case, there has been up to date only rudimentary facilities available for aiding the development of application programs for this μP. An ideal development system is one which has a sophisticated editing and filing capability, an assembler/compiler, and access to the μP application. In many instances one also requires access to a PROM programmer as the application may utilize only PROMs for program storage. With these thoughts in mind, an INTEL 8080 μP development system was implemented in the PS Division at CERN. While any other minicomputer would be suitable, this system utilizes a PDP-11/45 minicomputer as the editing and file-handling machine, and an MCS 8/MOD 80 μP development system for assembling, PROM programming, and debugging user programs at run time. The two computers are linked by a CAMAC crate system, which provides the means of access to μP applications in CAMAC and the interface of the development system to other applications

  15. Design and implementation of a control and data acquisition system for pellet injectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A stand-alone control and data acquisition system for pellet injectors has been designed and implemented to support pellet injector development at Oak Ridge Laboratory (ORNL) and to enable ORNL pellet injectors to be installed on various fusion experimental devices. The stand-alone system permits LOCAL operation of the injector from a nearby panel and REMOTE operation from the experiment control room. Major components of the system are (1) an Allen-Bradley PLC 2/30 programmable controller, (2) a VAX minicomputer, and (3) a CAMAC serial highway interface. The programmable logic controller (PLC) is used to perform all control functions of the injector. In LOCAL, the operator interface is provided by an intelligent panel system that has a keypad and pushbutton module programmed from the PLC. In REMOTE, the operator interfaces via a VAX-based color graphics display and uses a trackball and keyboard to issue commands. Communications between the remote and local controls and to the fusion experiment supervisory system are via the CAMAC highway. The VAX archives transient data from pellet shots and trend data acquired from the PLC. Details of the hardware and software design and the operation of the system are presented in this paper. 3 refs., 1 fig

  16. Upgrading a TEXTOR Data Acquisition system for remote participation using Java and Corba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The partners in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster (TEC) are implementing and developing Remote Participation technologies that are expected to support a joint research programme on the experimental facility TEXTOR-94. A common TEC architecture for our heterogeneous data acquisition and storage systems is seen to be one of the major issues. As a consequence, legacy systems will be affected and have to be upgraded for optimised wide area network communication, platform independent data access and display. The object oriented redesign of the system to be described follows theses guidelines. The architecture of the system under development uses Java as programming environment and CORBA as Client/Server communication standard. It is described in this paper, how an operational Data Acquisition CAMAC subsystem of TEXTOR-94 based on OpenVMS and Decnet communications could be redesigned into an open, object oriented architecture in a platform independent way. A suitable Web Browser is required on the client side without further installation of application software to run the server. CORBA static method invocations are used for the communication between the client and server. At the server side, there is only Java code on top of the existing commercial OpenVMS CAMAC device driver. A modular object oriented software design permitted to eliminate dependencies of the generic module levels from the underlying bus systems. Porting of the Java code to other platforms like Windows NT and Linux has proven to be successful

  17. Conceptual project and present status of the ETE control and data acquisition systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control and data acquisition systems of the recently built Experimento Tokamak Esferico (ETE) (Spherical Tokamak Experiment) were conceived in a distributed, integrated and user-friendly approach (Fus. Eng. Design. 36 (1997) 167). The computerized control of the tokamak operation is based on CAMAC standard electronics to interface the tokamak subsystems and the control software, written in C language, to run under Windows NT. A requirement put on the system was to provide complete electrical isolation between the control and the machine rooms. Therefore, a shot is remotely started from the control room in which terminals are connected to the control computer through a fiber optics LAN and employing web-style or Windows network software, providing a total-isolation solution. Human and equipment safety is guaranteed by a safety pneumatic system, basically composed of a set of interlocks, made with pneumatic and electro-pneumatic elements. Data acquisition of plasma diagnostics is being implemented with co-operation of the ISTTOK group and it will be based on VME bus and OS-9 operating system. In our system, control and data signals will have separate buses and the acquisition of experimental data will begin with a trigger pulse coming from a CAMAC timing module. The Interactive Data Language commercial software will be used to run programs that will display the stored experimental data

  18. Computer data-acquisition and control system for Thomson-scattering measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Thomson-Scattering Diagnostic System (SCATPAK II) used to measure the electron temperature and density in the Impurity Study Experiment is interfaced to a Perkin-Elmer 8/32 computer that operates under the OS/32 operating system. The calibration, alignment, and operation of this diagnostic are all under computer control. Data acquired from 106 photomultiplier tubes installed on 15 spectrometers are transmitted to the computer by eighteen 12-channel, analog-to-digital integrators along a CAMAC serial highway. With each laser pulse, 212 channels of data are acquired: 106 channels of signal plus background and 106 channels of background only. Extensive use of CAMAC instrumentation enables large amounts of data to be acquired and control processes to be performed in a time-dependent environment. The Thomson-scattering computer system currently operates in three modes: user interaction and control, data acquisition and transmission, and data analysis. This paper discusses the development and implementation of this system as well as data storage and retrieval

  19. PLC-based control system for 10 MeV linear accelerator (LCS) at EBC Kharghar, BARC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently the 10 MeV Linac is being used for different research and industrial applications. The control system in operation was developed using CAMAC based Data Acquisition System (DAS) and Hard-wired Interlock System. It is proposed to replace the CAMAC system with a state-of-the-art indigenously developed Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) that is verified to the level of a Class IB computer-based system used in nuclear power plants. A PLC node comprises of two VME bus based CPU boards (PowerPC MPC7447, 600MHz) working in redundant mode. The inputs and outputs are common to both CPUs. The I/O boards are hot swappable and intelligent. An intelligent Ethernet board is used for communication with a PC running the SCADA software and industry standard communication protocols drivers. The PLC hardware and software has undergone rigorous verification and validation. A user-friendly 'Application Development Environment' is provided to the process engineer for building the application using pre-defined function blocks. The LCS developed using PLC is to be used for operating the Linac irradiation facility, remotely as well as locally in a fail-safe mode, with sequential start-up and sequential shut-down. Apart from system status monitoring, data archiving, alarm generation and setpoint adjustments, it monitors the important parameters and trips the Gun Modulator High Voltage (GM HV), the Klystron Modulator High Voltage (KM HV) and the Electron Gun Power Supply (EG PS) on fault conditions. (author)

  20. Data-acquisition systems for the present and the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic components of today's acquisition systems are surveyed. These include front-end tools such as microprocessors, programmable controllers, and CAMAC interfaces. Some key concepts in large central real-time systems are examined: Hardware and Software architecture, and data base structure. Some trends in present data acquisition system design are analyzed, including increasing distribution of system functions and expansion to hierarchical multi-processor netowrks. With the evolution of microprocessors, front-end intelligence is growing into front-end computing power. Real-time host systems are becoming increasingly sophisticated human interface and data base management tools, with increasingly complex operating systems, and increasing amounts of memory, mass storage, and computing power. And the ultimate analysis of plasma data is becoming increasingly sophisticated

  1. The specifications a multichannel analyser using microprocessor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The idea of a small nuclear data acquisition system (stand - alone CAMAC system) used for spectroscopy, is presented. The system is composed by an autonomous controller with microprocessor with one fast programable unit (1-2 μsec/CAMAC instructions) and with modulus of general functions as: CAMAC memory, interface for video, interface for analogy to digital converter and temporizing. (E.G.)

  2. RF control system for 400 keV RFQ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An RF control system has been developed for the 400 keV, 350 MHz RFQ coming up at BARC. This single cavity system consists of the functionalities of amplitude stabilization and frequency tracking for both continuous and pulsed mode of operation. The amplitude stabilization is implemented by modulating the attenuation across a fast modulator placed in the drive path. The frequency tracking is achieved by driving the FM port of a signal generator with a signal proportional to the phase shift across the resonator. The whole system is under computer control via CAMAC hardware. The paper describes the system architecture, housing and wiring of the system in a single instrumentation rack and development and testing of computer control. (author)

  3. Modular software for MAST multi-technology data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MAST (Mega-Amp Spherical Tokamak) data acquisition system is being radically upgraded. New hardware with completely different control interface and logic has been installed on all system levels from front-end devices to plant control. MAST plant control has been moved from VMS to a Windows-based OPC system. Old CAMAC and VME units are being replaced by cPCI and PXI units. A number of CAMAC crates have been upgraded with new Ethernet controllers supporting useful front-end devices. The upgrade is being performed without disturbing operations; the data acquisition units are being replaced gradually. Such an upgrade is possible due to the structure of the MAST data acquisition system which is build as a set of autonomous units, each one controlled by a computer. Modern computers are capable of controlling several units, and this has been the major opportunity and challenge because it radically changes the unit control logic. As a result practically all system components had to be redesigned. The new unit software is a step in system evolution towards greater flexibility and universality. Each unit can now manage multiple data files, possibly with different formats, and many units can be hosted on the same computer. This feature is provided by a message proxy server. Each unit is controlled independently and transparently, exactly like a stand-alone unit. A message interface has been modified for consistent handling of new functions. The unit software supports event-triggered and real-time data acquisition at the system level. New software has been developed for a number of new hardware devices, and the device modules for all usable old devices have been rewritten to operate with the new control interface. The new software allows units to be upgraded even during operations. The system structure and logic provide easy extension. The system as a whole or system design elements could also be used on other fusion facilities.

  4. Transient waveform acquisition system for the ELMO Bumpy Torus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The transient waveform system described in this report is designed to acquire analog waveforms from the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) diagnostic experiments. Pressure, density, synchrotron radiation, etc., are acquired and digitized with a Kinetic Systems TR812 transient recorder and associated modules located in a CAMAC crate. The system can simultaneously acquire, display, and transmit sets of data consisting of identification parameters and up to 1024 data points for 1 to 64 input signals (frequency range = 0.01 pulse/s to 100 kHz) of data every one or more minutes; thus, it can run continuously without operator intervention. The data are taken on a VAX 11/780 and transmitted to a data base on a DECSystem-10. To aid the programmer in making future modifications to the system, detailed documentation using the Yourdon structural methods has been given

  5. Upgrade of the Photon Beamline Control System on the SRS

    CERN Document Server

    Martlew, B G; Cox, G; Heath, P W; Heron, M T; Oates, A; Rawlinson, W R; Sharp, C D

    2001-01-01

    The SRS is a 2GeV synchrotron light source with 14 beamlines serving approximately 34 experimental stations. Control of the major elements of the beamlines (vacuum pumps, gauges, valves and radiation stops) is the responsibility of the main SRS Control System. As part of the long-term upgrade plan for the SRS Control System a large programme of work has been undertaken to modernize beamline control. This work included: development of Linux based PC front end computers to interface to the existing CAMAC I/O system, replacement of the user interface by graphical synoptic diagrams running on Windows NT PCs, development of an ActiveX control for parameter display/control and a cache server to reduce loading on the rest of the control system. This paper describes the major components of the project; the techniques used to manage the new PCs and discusses some of the problems encountered during development.

  6. Large capacity, high-speed multiparameter multichannel analysis system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A data acquisition system for recording multiparameter digital data into a large memory array at over 2.5 MHz is described. The system consists of a MOSTEK MK8600 2048K x 24-bit memory system, I/O ports to various external devices including the CAMAC dataway, a memory incrementer/adder and a daisy-chain of experiment-specific modules which calculate the memory address which is to be incremented. The design of the daisy-chain permits multiple modules and provides for easy modification as experimental needs change. The system has been designed for use in multiparameter, multichannel analysis of high-speed data gathered by position-sensitive detectors at conventional and synchrotron x-ray sources as well as for fixed energy and time-of-flight diffraction at continuous and pulsed neutron sources

  7. WindoWorks: A flexible program for computerized testing of accelerator control system electronic circuit boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since most accelerator control system circuit boards reside in a commercial bus architecture, such as CAMAC or VMEbus, a computerized test station is needed for exercising the boards. This test station is needed for the development of newly designed prototypes, for commissioning newly manufactured boards, for diagnosing boards which have failed in service, and for long term testing of boards with intermittent failure problems. WindoWorks was created to address these needs. It is a flexible program which runs on a PC compatible computer and uses a PC to bus crate interface. WindoWorks was designed to give the user a flexible way to test circuit boards. Each test is incapsulated into a window. By bringing up several different windows the user can run several different tests simultaneously. The windows are sizable, and moveable. They have data entry boxes so that the test can be customized to the users preference. The windows can be used in conjunction with each other in order to create supertests. There are several windows which are generic. They can be used to test basic functions on any VME (or CAMAC) board. There are other windows which have been created to test specific boards. New windows for testing specific boards can be easily created by a Pascal programmer using the WindoWorks framework

  8. CHERS software system: A microVAX-based diagnostic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The charge exchange recombination spectroscopy (CHERS) diagnostic is the first tokamak fusion test reactor (TFTR) diagnostic to utilize a microVAX II computer for device control, data acquisition, analysis, and event-driven processing. The CHERS system is controlled from a single interactive menu-driven process, enabling the diagnostic physicist to perform interactive device control and monitoring, calibration and control file editing, and to control automatic device setup, data acquisition and display, and postshot analysis. All software is written in fortran. Device control is accomplished using the (ORNL) VAX CAMAC and TAU real-time image processing system (RTIPS) fortran subroutines. Standard VAX system services are utilized, including the use of event flags, global sections, logical names, security services, process control, and spawning of subprocesses

  9. Modular system for the control of complex accelerators using portable software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When designing the Mainz Microtron control system, care was taken to achieve an expandable system with long-lived application software. A multi-processor system was built from the beginning. The software is split into modules, according to function and position in hierarchy, which are distributed over the computers. The decoupling which results from modularity eases software development and maintainance. RATFOR was chosen as implementation language. With a message system for communication between the modules, several aims were reached at once: (1) symbolic addressing of the accelerator components throughout the software layers, (2) transparent access to I/O devices (CAMAC) at remote computers, (3) multitasking in FORTRAN (and RATFOR) programs, (4) a separating layer for adaptation to different operating systems - essential points for software portability. The system is in operation since April 1979 for the control of MAMI stage I

  10. A new stand-alone beam emittance measurement system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A unique mechanical arrangement is employed which utilizes a single Allison type emittance scanner pod. This arrangement allows scans to be taken at any rotational angle, thereby eliminating any differences that can occur between gap settings when multiple pods are used. Flexibility is enhanced since the user is not restricted to orthogonal angles. A stand alone control and data acquisition system is utilized. The architecture includes an 80386TM PC and CAMAC interfaces. Two TrekTM power supplies and a computer controlled signal generator provide maximum flexibility to the sweep voltages on the pod deflector plates. This paper describes the mechanical design of the scanner pod assembly, and the electrical and software design of the control system. (orig.)

  11. The trigger and DAQ systems of the NA59 experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Ünel, Gokhan; Ballestrero, Sergio

    2004-01-01

    The NA59 experiment on the CERN SPS-H2 beam-line took data during the summers of 1999 and 2000 to perform intercalibration studies of polarization measurement and to test the use of an aligned crystal as a quarter-wave plate. The analysis revealed a proof of concept for the birefringence property of aligned crystals for photons in the 30-170 GeV energy range. The 90-m-long detector for this fixed target experiment had two independent readout schemes: one for more than 120 time-to-digital and analog-to-digital converter channels to obtain tracking and energy information; and another for the readout of the silicon strip detectors to improve vertex resolution. The readout electronics of the Na59 experiment was based on VMEbus and CAMAC systems. Novel data acquisition and online monitoring software were written to work on the commodity hardware (PCs) running mainly the Linux operating system. 21 Refs.

  12. Standard Bus System on Accelerator and the Possibility of Its Application in P3TM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usually accelerator in the research and applied laboratory already used standard bus system on their control systems. In the beginning several laboratories uses CAMAC system and then gradually use to VME or VXI bus such as at Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) in VA USA, National Laboratory for High Energy Physics (KEK) in Tsukuba Japan, and National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) in Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Upton, NY, USA. On China since pre-requirement it has been decided to use VME bus. EPICS program have been developed in the world for physics experiment, VME bus control system. P3TM needs to study VME bus and its availability on the market, also to make collaboration with EPICS user and try to obtain it if standard bus for control system is to be considered. (author)

  13. Magnet power control system for the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the desktop computer/CAMAC-based system that controls the power source for the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) magnet power system. Presently it contains 42 dc rectifier power supplies connected to 24 magnet coils arranged in 17 circuits. During each shot, the system delivers 22.6 MW dc to the magnets for about 3 s. The system is presently being changed to add six power supplies, two solenoidal throttle coils, and two reverse C-coils. When complete, the delivered power will increase to 36.9 MW. The closed-loop control system usually provides current (and thus, magnetic field) that is within 1% of the requested current. Achieving this accuracy required using grounding, shielding, and isolation methods to reduce noise and related problems. These are also discussed

  14. Report on a field-portable VME-based distributed data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A development effort was started two years ago to develop a portable data acquisition system which could be used for performing arms control verification and environmental monitoring measurements with complex multi-detector systems in the field. A field portable data acquisition system has been developed around a VMEbus based micro-processor and standard TCP/IP network protocols. The hardware consists of a compact VME crate and a single CAMAC crate containing the signal processing electronics. The component processes of the data acquisition system transfer control and event data over a set of TCP/IP socket connections. The use of network sockets for the interprocess communications allows the data acquisition system to be operated transparently on one workstation or on a number of workstations distributed around a local network

  15. Control System of the Bepcii

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao, J; Kong, X C; Lei, G; Xu, S F; Le, Q

    2001-01-01

    Recently the Chinese Academy of Sciences has chosen BEPCII as the future development of the BEPC, i.e. upgrade of both the machine and detector. The luminosity of the machine is expected to increase to 1.0x1033cm-2s-1. The project will be started at the beginning of 2002 and finished with in 3-4 years. The BEPC control system was built in 1987 and upgraded in 1994. According to the design of the BEPCII, a double ring schema will be adopted and a number of new devices will be added in the system. The existing control system has to be upgraded. The BEPCII will be distributed architecture and developed by EPICS. We are going to apply the standard hardware interfaces and mature technologies in the system. A number of VME IOCs will be added in the system and the feildbus, PLCs will be used as device control for some kind of equipment. We will keep the existing system in use, such as CAMAC modules and PC front-ends, and merge it into EPICS system. Recently the development of the prototype is in progress. This paper...

  16. Old Wine in New Bottles-The SPEAR Control System Upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control systems for the SPEAR storage ring and injector were designed almost two decades ago and have worked reliably for us. Both systems are heavily dependent on the OpenVMS operating system and CAMAC. The realtime data reside in shared memory on a single computer for each control system. In order to use more modern client tools while preserving our investment in the hardware and software, we have installed an EPICS Portable Channel Access Server (CAS) on the control computers. The CAS will serve the existing realtime data as EPICS Process Variables (PVs) and allow us to use client tools like dm2k and IDL running on other workstations to more easily build new operator interfaces and develop accelerator physics programs. The CAS will also provide the infrastructure to help integrate new hardware controlled by EPICS Input/Output Controllers (IOCs)

  17. Moscow University race-track microtron control system: ideas and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moscow University race-track microtron (RTM) control system is a star-shape network of LSI-11 compatible microcomputers. Each of them is connected with RTM systems via CAMAC; optical fiber coupling is also used. Control system software is designed on Pascal-1, supplemented with real time modules and Macro. A unified real time technique and reenterable data acquisition drivers allow to simplify development of control drivers and algorithms. Among the latter three main types are used: DDC methods, those, based on optimization technique and algorithms, applying models of microtron's systems. Man-machine interface is based on concept of the 'world of accelerator'. It supports means to design, within hardware possibilities, various computer images of the RTM. (author)

  18. Multiple-user data acquisition and analysis system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manzella, V.; Chrien, R.E.; Gill, R.L.; Liou, H.I.; Stelts, M.L.

    1981-01-01

    The nuclear physics program at the Brookhaven National Laboratory High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR) employs a pair of PDP-11 computers for the dual functions of data acquisition and analysis. The data acquisition is accomplished through CAMAC and features a microprogrammed branch driver to accommodate various experimental inputs. The acquisition computer performs the functions of multi-channel analyzers, multiscaling and time-sequenced multichannel analyzers and gamma-ray coincidence analyzers. The data analysis computer is available for rapid processing of data tapes written by the acquisition computer. The ability to accommodate many users is facilitated by separating the data acquisition and analysis functions, and allowing each user to tailor the analysis to the specific requirements of his own experiment. The system is to be upgraded soon by the introduction of a dual port disk to allow a data base to be available to each computer.

  19. Multiple-user data acquisition and analysis system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear physics program at the Brookhaven National Laboratory High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR) employs a pair of PDP-11 computers for the dual functions of data acquisition and analysis. The data acquisition is accomplished through CAMAC and features a microprogrammed branch driver to accommodate various experimental inputs. The acquisition computer performs the functions of multi-channel analyzers, multiscaling and time-sequenced multichannel analyzers and gamma-ray coincidence analyzers. The data analysis computer is available for rapid processing of data tapes written by the acquisition computer. The ability to accommodate many users is facilitated by separating the data acquisition and analysis functions, and allowing each user to tailor the analysis to the specific requirements of his own experiment. The system is to be upgraded soon by the introduction of a dual port disk to allow a data base to be available to each computer

  20. Frequency to digital converter for IUAC Linac control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A frequency to digital converter CAMAC module has been designed and developed for LINAC control systems. This module is used to see the frequency difference of master clock and the resonator frequency digitally without using the oscilloscope. Later on this can be used for automatic tuning and locking of the cavities using piezoelectric actuator based tunner control. This module has eight independent channels to fulfill the need of all the eight cavities of the cryostat. A Schmitt trigger along with level converaccepts almost any form of pulse train, with 30 Vp-p. The time period is measured by counters clocked from a high resolution clock (10 MHz +/- 250 ps). The counter values are cross checked at both the input levels. Frequency is obtained from the computed time period by a special divisor core implemented inside the FPGA. The major task was the implementation of eight individual divisor cores and routing inside one Spartan 3s500E FPGA chip

  1. Summary of control and data acquisition systems for Nova experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Laser has completed its first year of operation. During this period, emphasis has been placed on activation of the facility and of the numerous target and beam diagnostics. Two separate target chambers are in use. Nova operation is separated into two broad functions: Laser Operations and Experiments. The Operations Group provides the laser system control, operation and data acquisition and the Experiments Group provides experiment definition, diagnostic instrumentation and overall data processing. On the Operations side, VAX 11/780 computers are used to set up diagnostic operating parameters and collect data recorded by the CAMAC and CCD modules. These data are delivered in files by electronic link to the Laser Experiments and Analysis Facility (LEAF) VAX 11/785 of the Experiments Group for processing. Film data are digitized at LEAF and the film data files are also processed on the LEAF VAX

  2. Evaluation of a Linux based control system for GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For almost ten years, the Ganil control system has been based on VMS workstations and Camac crates running Vaxeln on RtVax controllers, with Ada as common language, and Ingres as relational database. When Digital Equipment (now HP-Compaq) gave up with RtVax processors, we decided to move to Vme crates with PowerPC controllers running VxWorks. After that, we have also wanted to try some use of Linux, to get rid of the links remaining with Vms in the beam tuning programs and to be able to use some free software tools that were not very powerful in a Vms/Motif environment. This paper describes the milestones we are underway to perform: - Graphical user interfaces using GTK instead of Motif with XRT widgets; - Data Base access with Ada / SQL requests - TCP/IP communication with VxWorks real time crates. (authors)

  3. Organization of on-line operation of detecting system in the FASTBUS standard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organization of the FASTBUS recording electronics operation with CAMAC trunk is described. For communication of two trunks a CAMAC module is developed. Two 24-bit registers one for input and the other for output data form the module basis. The module block diagram is presented. 3 refs.; 2 figs

  4. A powerful modular versatile and low cost multiprocessor system for data acquisition and control of neutron spectrometers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the new data acquisition and control systems of the neutron scattering instruments at the ORPHEE research reactor. The existing system has undergone a complete change: the original CAMAC system and minicomputer controlling each experiment have given way to commercial CPU boards and microcomputers like the IBM PC. The communication links between these 2 components are the IEEE 488 or RS 232 standards. Emphasis is placed on flexibility and modular nature of such a system which makes a maximum use of commercial products thus guaranteeing reliability and ease of use. A study of the requirements and evolutions, technical as well as philosophical, is detailed in order to demonstrate the motivation of the choice of the system architecture. A survey of the various hardware and software achievements and finally an overview on the future improvements is given

  5. Temperature measurement and control system of the superconducting accelerator - nuclotron elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system provides the temperature measurement of magnetic elements, nitrogen shield and some non-structure elements of Nuclotron in more than 600 control points. As temperature sensors the serial resistors TVO are used. The 7th power polynomial describes the resistance dependence of the element's temperature. Under such condition the measurement accuracy at the cryogenic temperature (∼ 4 K) is about ∼ 0,8%. The system is based on the computer INDUSTRIAL PC, connected to the Nuclotron local computer network. The measuring electronic apparatus is made in PC and CAMAC standards. The system provides the measurement of the helium pressure in direct and back flows, the helium and nitrogen levels and pressure in the separators and in the tank, as well. The measured results are stored on the network server disk to permit the observation of the current and archive information by means of any Nuclotron local network computer. (author)

  6. A flexible LabVIEWTM-based data acquisition and analysis system for scanning microscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new data analysis system has been developed with computer-controlled beam and sample positioning, video sample imaging, multiple large solid angle detectors for X-rays and gamma-rays, and surface barrier detectors for charged particles. The system uses the LabVIEWTM programming language allowing it to be easily ported between different computer operating systems. In the present configuration, digital signal processors are directly interfaced to a SCSI CAMAC controller. However, the modular software design permits the substitution of other hardware with LabVIEW-supported drivers. On-line displays of histogram and two-dimensional elemental map images provide a user-friendly data acquisition interface. Subregions of the two-dimensional maps may be selected interactively for detailed analysis or for subsequent scanning. Off-line data processing of archived data currently yields elemental maps, analyzed spectra and reconstructions of tomographic data

  7. Structure definition and component selection for the RFX control and Data Acquisition System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The RFX experiment's Control and Data Acquisition system is discussed in this paper. It uses a hybrid approach for the hardware: programmable controllers for slow control and monitoring functions, CAMAC front-end and VAX computers for the fast functions of timing and shot related data acquisition. Programmable controllers and computers communicate via a fiber optic Ethernet LAN. The system is implemented as eight functional subsystems, four of which are programmable controller based, the rest computer based. These subsystems operate under a supervisory system which is implemented on a further progammable controller. Programming of the programmable controllers is largely done in CRAFCET, a graphical language for programming sequential controls. The computer based data acquisition software uses as far as possible existing code and concepts from other fusion labs. Engineering data acquisition and physics data acquisition are separate subsystems on separate computers, but use identical software

  8. Janus III, a computer system for acquisition and processing of data in nuclear medicine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to connect four nuclear-diagnostic units (three-channel renograph, a single and a double-channel rectilinear scanner and an Anger camera) with a laboratory-installed general-type minicomputer a modular interface was developed according to the international standards CAMAC. Auxiliary solftware was added to the DOS III operating system which permits access to the computer to several users (=detectors) simultaneously. A modular concept of this software enables additional detectors to be included into the system if necessary. The system of data processing is modular as well. At present, it contains 51 programs for storage, retrieval, transport, correction, processing, and presentation of collected data. All programs are compatible with the same data basis as well as each with the others. (orig.)

  9. A flexible Labviewtrademark-based data acquisition and analysis system for scanning microscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new data analysis system has been developed with computer-controlled beam and sample positioning, video sample imaging, multiple large solid angle detectors for x-rays and gamma-rays, and surface barrier detectors for charged particles. The system uses the LabVIEWtrademark programming language allowing it to be easily ported between different computer operating systems. In the present configuration, digital signal processors are directly interfaced to a SCSI CAMAC controller. However, the modular software design permits the substitution of other hardware with LabVIEW-supported drivers. On-line displays of histogram and two-dimensional elemental map images provide a user-friendly data acquisition interface. Subregions of the two-dimensional maps may be selected interactively for detailed analysis or for subsequent scanning. Off-line data processing of archived data currently yields elemental maps, analyzed spectra and reconstructions of tomographic data

  10. On-line system for studying the photomultiplier time and spectrometric characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An on-line system used when selecting the dividers for photoelectron multipliers (PEM) of various types used in precise scintillation detectors is described. Main purpose of the installation is automatic determination of the dependences of time and amplitude resolutions pulse amplitude and PEM pulse time delay on the voltage of several first and last gaps. The installation comprises a light-tight container for PEM, system of changeable gray filters, pulse light source, PEM power supply control unit, high-voltage current stabilizer, nanosecond electronics units, CAMAC system electronics and the small-size D-116 computer. The installation output constitutes 3-4 PEMs per hour. On the basis of the analysis of PEM performance testing results obtained by means of the considered installation on time-of-flight spectrometer using the electron beam of the PACHRA synchrotron the conclusion is drawn on high reliability of the obtained data

  11. On-line control system for KUTI-20 heavy ion collective accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure and design peculiarities of the control system for the first part of the KUTI-20 heavy ion collective accelerator comprising the SILUND-20 linear induction accelerator and Adhesator-20 charged toroide adiabatic generator are considered; electron ring shaping and their loading with ions is realized in the generator. The control system has centralized hierarchial structure with autonomous subsystems. The system includes the SM-4 minicomputer equipped with a set of external devices; the SM-4 is interfaced with two the ''Electronika-60'' and one the KM001 microcomputers by means of the KI021 series interframe communication units. The ''Elektronika-60'' microcomputers are equipped with memory units and interfaces for connection of CAMAC equipment

  12. The Linux based distributed data acquisition system for the ISTRA+ experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DAQ hardware of the ISTRA+ experiment consists of the VME system crate that contains two PCI-VME bridges interfacing two PCs with VME, external interrupts receiver, the readout controller for dedicated front-end electronics, the readout controller buffer memory module, the VME-CAMAC interface, and additional control modules. The DAQ computing consist of 6 PCs running the Linux operating system and linked into LAN. The first PC serves the external interrupts and acquires the data from front-end electronic. The second one is the slow control computer. The remaining PCs host the monitoring and data analysis software. The Linux based DAQ software provides the external interrupts processing, the data acquisition, recording, and distribution between monitoring and data analysis tasks running at DAQ PCs. The monitoring programs are based on two packages for data visualization: home-written one and the ROOT system. MySQL is used as a DAQ database

  13. Data acquisition system for MEGHA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A multi-channel data acquisition system has been commissioned for the Charissa 'MEGHA' detector array. It is designed to read multiparameter events where there are many potential channels (320) but where only a fraction of these are active in any typical event. Custom-built pre- and main amplifiers process the amplitude (energy) signal from each detector and the system records both amplitude and time of arrival for each signal within an event. The signal amplitude is converted to time using the standard Wilkinson technique and then combined with its time of arrival into a single time trace. These traces are converted by multi-hit TDCs, which only convert the active channels and thus reduce the processing load. Additional custom-built CAMAC modules organise the TDC output into a suitable form for storage and transmission to a network of processor terminals over standard ethernet. This paper presents a description of the data acquisition system from preamplifier through to final storage in a VME-based system and subsequent distribution to a network of Sun terminals over ethernet. The system performance is illustrated with results from heavy-ion elastic scattering recorded with position sensitive strip detectors

  14. Automated IBM PC/XT/AT based measurement and control system for the DRON-3M X-ray diffractometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An automated IBM PC/XT/AT based measurement and control system for the DRON-3M X-ray diffractometer is decribed. The system permits carrying out of real time diffractometer control automatic X-spectra measurement and data acquisition, as well as experimental information computing and representation. The electronic of the system consists of a CAMAC crate with analog and power modules, and a control and measurement organization module, performed as a single bord in the standard of PC electronics. The system provides X-spectra acquisition with volume up to 4K in the angle range from 100 to 160 degrees with a resolution of 0.01 degree, a dead time less than 1mks and an exposition time from tenths of a second to dozens of minutes. 3 refs.; 5 figs

  15. SABRE: a computer-based system for the assessment of body radioactivity by photon spectrometry. Part 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A PDP-11/10 computer system is described for the acquisition and processing of pulse height spectra from detectors used for the measurement of body radioactivity. Version 4 of SABRE (System for the Assessment of Body Radioactivity) provides control of multiple detection systems from visual display consoles by means of a command language. A wide range of facilities is available for the display, processing and storage of acquired spectra and complex operations may be pre-programmed by means of the SABRE MACRO language. The hardware includes a CAMAC interface to the detection systems, disc cartridge drives for mass storage of data and programs, and data-links to other computers. The software is written in assembler language and includes special features for the dynamic allocation of computer memory and for safeguarding acquired data. (author)

  16. Tailoring the hardware to your control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the very early days of computerized accelerator control systems the entire control system, from the operator interface to the front-end data acquisition hardware, was custom designed and built for that one machine. This was expensive, but the resulting product was a control system seamlessly integrated (mostly) with the machine it was to control. Later, the advent of standardized bus systems such as CAMAC, VME, and CANBUS, made it practical and attractive to purchase commercially available data acquisition and control hardware. This greatly simplified the design but required that the control system be tailored to accommodate the features and eccentricities of the available hardware. Today we have standardized control systems (Tango, EPICS, DOOCS) using commercial hardware on standardized busses. With the advent of FPGA technology and programmable automation controllers (PACs and PLCs) it now becomes possible to tailor commercial hardware to the needs of a standardized control system and the target machine. In this paper, we will discuss our experiences with tailoring a commercial industrial I/O system to meet the needs of the EPICS control system and the LANSCE accelerator. We took the National Instruments Compact RIO platform, embedded an EPICS IOC in its processor, and used its FPGA back-plane to create a 'standardized' industrial I/O system (analog in/out, binary in/out, counters, and stepper motors) that meets the specific needs of the LANSCE accelerator. (authors)

  17. Main results on the RF amplitude and phase regulation systems in operation at GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general features of the amplitude and phase regulations and their control systems are briefly reviewed. These feedback control systems are fully under the control of the main computer aided by dedicated CAMAC microprocessors for actions such as starting, parameters tuning or phase stability surveying. Numerous results obtained with spectrum analysis method give the actual RF purity and the residual modulation and crossmodulation noise level for all RF signals picked up in the RF resonators. A typical value for the noise immunity is .80 dB below the carrier at 100 Hz deviation. Another set of results gives the actual long term phase drift between resonators (<0.2 RF degree within 6 hours). The stability of the RF phases is confirmed by on line beam phase measurements

  18. Software data acquisition system for the ''Chateau de Cristal'' multicounter 74 BaF2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ''Chateau de Cristal'' is a 74 BaF2 detector assembly. Other detectors such as Ge (up to 12) and particle detectors can be added to this multidetector. The data acquisition system hardware and software are implemented in 3 VME crates. The operating system is handled by 68000 Motorola microprocessors. This work is dedicated to the initialization and control tasks of the multidetector. Handling of high voltage power supply for the 74 BaF2 detectors via a RS 232 C serial port, CAMAC initialization for the ADC 4300 Lecroy and DFC modules, data exchange between the 3 VME crates and automatic energy calibration for the BaF2 detectors. All the software is written in 68000 Motorola assembly language

  19. A real-time data-acquisition and analysis system with distributed UNIX workstations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A compact data-acquisition system using three RISC/UNIXTM workstations (SUNTM/SPARCstationTM) with real-time capabilities of monitoring and analysis has been developed for the study of photonuclear reactions with the large-acceptance spectrometer TAGX. One workstation acquires data from memory modules in the front-end electronics (CAMAC and TKO) with a maximum speed of 300 Kbytes/s, where data size times instantaneous rate is 1 Kbyte x 300 Hz. Another workstation, which has real-time capability for run monitoring, gets the data with a buffer manager called NOVA. The third workstation analyzes the data and reconstructs the event. In addition to a general hardware and software description, priority settings and run control by shell scripts are described. This system has recently been used successfully in a two month long experiment. (orig.)

  20. Development of a system of measuring double-differential cross sections for proton-induced reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harada, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Sato, K. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan); Meigo, S.

    1997-03-01

    We report the present status of a counter telescope and a data acquisition system which are being developed for the measurement of double-differential cross sections of all light-charged particles emitted from proton-induced reactions on {sup 12}C at incident energies less than 90 MeV. The counter telescope consists of an active collimator made of a plastic scintillator, two thin silicon {Delta}E-detectors and a CsI(Tl) E-detectors with photo-diode readout. Signals from each detector are processed using the data acquisition system consisting of the front-end electronics (CAMAC) and two computers connected with the ethernet LAN: a personal computer as the data collector and server, and a UNIX workstation as the monitor and analyzer. (author)

  1. The SV4 program system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electronic control system of the SV4a triaxial neutron spectrometer in the DIDO reacor was completely revised. Within the framework of the backfitting work, a new concept was established for the control program of the reactor experimental computer. The PDP11 of the former configuration was replaced by an IBM AT03 computer, and the CAMAC bus system was replaced by the SMP bus system (Siemens). An independent, fixed-programmed control unit (S5, Siemens) actuates the motor driving units upon end switching and signalling contacts and thus protects the instrument from destruction by operating errors or computer malfunctions. Now controllable functions to be mentioned are: Sample temperatures, external field parameters represented by voltages, the two tilting angles at sample holder, and the beam limiting diaphragms ahead of and behind the sample. The diaphragms and crystal-tilting devices for adustment of the monochromator and the filters at the monochromator exit likewise were made accessible by automatic, computer-controlled processes. (orig./DG)

  2. Control system reliability at Jefferson Lab

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab), the availability of the control system is crucial to the operation of the accelerator for experimental programs. Jefferson Lab's control system, uses 68040 based microprocessors running VxWorks, Unix workstations, and a variety of VME, CAMAC. GPIB, and serial devices. The software consists of control system toolkit software, commercial packages, and over 200 custom and generic applications, some of which are highly complex. The challenge is to keep this highly diverse and still growing system, with over 162,000 control points, operating reliably, while managing changes and upgrades to both the hardware and software. Downtime attributable to the control system includes the time to troubleshoot and repair problems and the time to restore the machine to operation of the scheduled program. This paper describes the availability of the control system during the last year, the heaviest contributors to downtime and the response to problems. Strategies for improving the robustness of the control system am detailed and include changes in hardware, software, procedures and processes. The improvements range from the routine preventive hardware maintenance, to improving their ability to detect, predict and prevent problems. This paper also describes the software tools used to assist in control system troubleshooting, maintenance and failure recovery processes

  3. Violencia e inversión caso Técamac

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Angel Morales Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    En terminos generales, debería de surgir nueva inversión cuando hay creaciòn de nuevos descubrimientos, nuevos productos, nuevos territorios, nuevas fronteras, nuevos recursos, nueva poblaciòn, sin embargo ninguna inversión iniciará el camino hacia esas actividades comerciales, si la inversión no es segura, a pesar de que la tasa de interés y la rentabilidad fueran más favorables que en otras partes del territorio o del país o del mundo. No se invertirá, por tanto, la idea de la que se parte ...

  4. Summary of control and data acquisition systems for Nova based inertial confinement studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Laser has completed its first year of operation. During this period, emphasis has been placed on activation of the facility and of the numerous target and beam diagnostics. Two separate target chambers are in use. Nova operation is separated into two broad functions: laser operations and experiments. The operations group provides the laser system control, operation and data acquisition and the experiments group provides experiment definition, diagnostic instrumentation and overall data processing. This paper reports on the overall Operations side. VAX 11/780 computers are used to set up diagnostic operating parameters and collect data recorded by the CAMAC and CCD modules. These data are delivered in files by electronic link to the laser experiments and analysis facility (LEAF) VAX 11/785 of the experiments group for processing. Film data are digitized at LEAF and the film data files also processed on the LEAF VAX

  5. Minus 3: a general purpose data acquisition system at LBL's 88''-cyclotron and superhilac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MINUS 3 is a general, multi-tasked data acquisition package operating on the ModComp IV/25 computers at both the 88''-Cyclotron and SuperHILAC. It currently can acquire data via three different channels: interrupt; serial DMA link; and remote slave units for histogram type data. Two additional acquisition paths, CAMAC (with programmable differential branch drivers) and MODACS (for multiple CPU linkages and control) are scheduled to be added in the near future. The package operates in a prioritized, time-available mode which permits it to dynamically adapt to microscopic data rate structures due to beam characteristics at different accelerators. Special hardware has been added to the graphics system to provide enhanced high-speed interactive capability. The program framework is also designed as a parasitic environment in which users may, in parallel, attach their own specialized and independent code

  6. Interface for communication with the JRA-5 and SM-3 computers in the EPR spectrometer on-line system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Structure of a two-computer (IRA-5 and SM-3) system for automation of measurements taken with an EPR-spectrometer is described. The IRA-5 computer assures automation of the reasuring process and partial control of the spectrometer. The SM-3 ensures total control of the spectrometer in a series of experiments, control of the experimental procedure on the base of experimenter dialogue with the system experimental data acquisition solving the problems of processing with the data display on the screen of a TV monitor and dataplotter as well as control of balate:ral data exchange between computers. The interconnection of the IRA-5 and SM-3 computers is realized with the use of controllers of a puncher and photoreader of the IRA-5 computer and CAMAC modules

  7. Research and development on a sub 100 PICO second time-of-flight system based on silicon avalanche diodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Y.; Hirsch, A.; Hauger, A.; Scharenberg, R.; Tincknell, M. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States); Rai, G. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

    1991-12-31

    Particle identification requires a momentum measurement and a second independent determination either energy loss (dE/dx) or time of flight (TOF). To cover a momentum range from 0.1 GeV/c to 1.5 GeV/c in the STAR detector requires both the dE/dx and TOF techniques. This research is designed to develop the avalanche diode (AVD) detectors for TOF systems and evaluate their performance. The test of a small prototype system would be carried out at Purdue and at accelerator test beam sites. The Purdue group has developed a complete test setup for evaluating the time resolution of the AVD`s which includes fast-slow electronic channels, CAMAC based electronic modules and a temperature controlled environment. The AVDs also need to be tested in a 0.5 tesla magnetic field. The Purdue group would augment this test set up to include a magnetic field.

  8. Updated overview of the Tevatron control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A single unified control system is used for all of the Fermilab accelerators and storage rings, from the LINAC to the Tevatron and antiproton source. A review of the general features is given - these include a 'host' system consisting of a number of minicomputers integrated with many distributed microprocessors in a variety of subsystems, usage of an in-house developed protocol, GAS, for communication between the two classes of machines, and a Parameter Page program, designed in conjunction with the system database, which allows a wide variety of quantities to be read and set in a coherent fashion. Recent developments include the implementation of a block transfer and 'fast time plot' facility through CAMAC, inclusion of several new computers in the host, a better understanding of system throughput, greatly improved reliability, advent of programs which sequence a large number of independent operations, and the construction of new hardware subsystems. Possible future system upgrades will be briefly presented. A summary of the utilization of a quite large software staff, at a time when the system is no longer under construction, will be discussed

  9. Stand alone computer system to aid the development of Mirror Fusion Test Facility rf heating systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) control system architecture requires the Supervisory Control and Diagnostic System (SCDS) to communicate with a LSI-11 Local Control Computer (LCC) that in turn communicates via a fiber optic link to CAMAC based control hardware located near the machine. In many cases, the control hardware is very complex and requires a sizable development effort prior to being integrated into the overall MFTF-B system. One such effort was the development of the Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) system. It became clear that a stand alone computer system was needed to simulate the functions of SCDS. This paper describes the hardware and software necessary to implement the SCDS Simulation Computer (SSC). It consists of a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) LSI-11 computer and a Winchester/Floppy disk operating under the DEC RT-11 operating system. All application software for MFTF-B is programmed in PASCAL, which allowed us to adapt procedures originally written for SCDS to the SSC. This nearly identical software interface means that software written during the equipment development will be useful to the SCDS programmers in the integration phase

  10. A radio frequency interferometer (RIF) system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors describe a radio frequency interferometer (RFI) system developed and tested by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory over the last several years. The basic theory of operation, sample data, and analyzed results are presented and compared to results obtained by conventional TDR means (CORRTEX). A typical shock location measurement used for hydro-yield determination or for energy flow diagnostics comprises a coaxial sensing cable extending from the detonation region to a CORRTEX recording instrument. The single digitizer-based RFI system uses an identical sensing cable installation technique. Recording equipment consists of a CAMAC digitizer module, which produces a sinusoidal probing signal (the signal sent downhole) for each sensing channel (cable), while also coherently sampling the phase of the reflected signal. Each channel is recorded using a single digitizer, providing maximal temporal and spatial resolution, but independent of channel gain or quadruture errors inherent to dual digitizer systems. Interpolation software with suitable look-ahead logic permits determination of complete quadruture information using a single digitizer. This RFI system provides several times better spatial resolution and two orders of magnitude better temporal sampling density than does CORRTEX. It also is less susceptible to electromagnetic pulse distortion and provides a direct means for identifying (and rejecting) any data so contaminated

  11. Vacuum control systems at the NAC cyclotrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A modular microprocessor-based system being used for control of the vacuum pumping stations at the NAC cyclotrons is described. The microcomputer-system consists of a set of Euro-card sized modules plugged into a bussed back-plane. The set may typically consist of (i) the processor module containing a Z80 CPU running under the CP/M 2.2 operating system, 64 kbytes of RAM, timer and peripheral ICs; (2) a 128-kbyte bubble memory module containing the compiled software; (3) a number of 32-bit relay output modules for driving contacters for vacuum valves and pumps; (4) a number of 80-bit opto-isolator input modules for reading the binary status of valve position limit-switches, binary setpoints from pressure-, temperature-, waterflow- and rotational-speed transducers as well as digital data from vacuum meters; (5) a 32-channel eight-bit analogue-to-digital converter module for digitizing analogue voltages from vacuum and temperature gauges; (6) an interface module for bi-directional data transfer to a CAMAC mailbox memory module for communication with the central control computers as well as for data transfer between the vacuum control system's front-panel and the processor and (7) front-panel modules. (author)

  12. Progress of data processing system in JT-60-Development of remote experiment system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JT-60 data processing system (DPS) possesses three-level hierarchy. At the top level of hierarchy is JT-60 inter-shot processor (MSP-ISP), which is a mainframe computer, provides communication with the JT-60 supervisory control system and supervises the internal communication inside the DPS. The middle level of hierarchy has minicomputers and the bottom level of hierarchy has individual diagnostic subsystems, which consist of the CAMAC and VME modules. To meet the demand for advanced diagnostics, the DPS has been progressed in stages from a three-level hierarchy system, which was dependent on the processing power of the MSP-ISP, to a two-level hierarchy system, which is decentralized data processing system (New-DPS) by utilizing the UNIX-based workstations and network technology. At present, replacing the MSP-ISP with a UNIX-based workstation is under way as a final phase in building the New-DPS project. This replacement will be accomplished by October 2005. In addition, remote experiment in JT-60 is considered to be an important issue in extension of the collaborative research among the nuclear fusion community. Technical environments for this task have been developed. The participant from a remote site can set discharge parameters with assistance of the dedicated machine operating status-information tools

  13. UA1 data-acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data-acquisition system of the UA1 experiment running at the CERN p anti p collider is described. The front-end electronics generates 1.6 Mbytes of raw data for each event. Parallel data-stream processors reduce the typical event data to 60,000 bytes in a time of less than 10 ms. Data are read out by Remus CAMAC branches, formated data streams being read in parallel by buffer units with multi-event storage capability. For test and monitoring, the data flow can be accessed by local processors associated with each detector subsystem. Alternatively, the over-all system can be partitioned off in a set of independent subsystems running their own data acquisition with or without a synchronous trigger. On-line functions are assured by a number of multi-task and dedicated-task 16-bit and 32-bit computers. A variety of microprocessor-based systems with autonomous capabilities control the experimental apparatus

  14. The DISTO data acquisition system at SATURNE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DISTO collaboration has built a large-acceptance magnetic spectrometer designed to provide broad kinematic coverage of multiparticle final states produced in pp scattering. The spectrometer has been installed in the polarized proton beam of the Saturne accelerator in Saclay to study polarization observables in the rvec pp → pK+rvec Y (Y = Λ, Σ0 or Y*) reaction and vector meson production (ψ, ω and ρ) in pp collisions. The data acquisition system is based on a VME 68030 CPU running the OS/9 operating system, housed in a single VME crate together with the CAMAC interface, the triple port ECL memories, and four RISC R3000 CPU. The digitization of signals from the detectors is made by PCOS III and FERA front-end electronics. Data of several events belonging to a single Saturne extraction are stored in VME triple-port ECL memories using a hardwired fast sequencer. The buffer, optionally filtered by the RISC R3000 CPU, is recorded on a DLT cassette by DAQ CPU using the on-board SCSI interface during the acceleration cycle. Two UNIX workstations are connected to the VME CPUs through a fast parallel bus and the Local Area Network. They analyze a subset of events for on-line monitoring. The data acquisition system is able to read and record 3,500 ev/burst in the present configuration with a dead time of 15%

  15. The DISTO Data Acquisition System at SATURNE

    CERN Document Server

    Maggiora, A

    1997-01-01

    The DISTO collaboration has built a large-acceptance magnetic spectrometer designed to provide broad kinematic coverage of multi-particle final states produced in $pp$ scattering. The spectrometer has been installed in the polarized proton beam of the Saturne accelerator in Saclay to study polarization observables in the $\\vec{p} p \\to p K^{+} \\vec{Y}$ ($Y = \\Lambda, and $\\rho$) in $pp$ collisions. The data acquisition system is based on a VME 68030 CPU running the OS/9 operating system, housed in a single VME crate together with the CAMAC interface, the triple port ECL memories, and four RISC R3000 CPU. The digitization of signals from the detectors is made by PCOS III and FERA front-end electronics. Data of several events belonging to a single Saturne extraction are stored in VME triple-port ECL memories using a hardwired fast sequencer. The buffer, optionally filtered by the RISC R3000 CPU, is recorded on a DLT cassette by DAQ CPU using the on-board SCSI interface during the acceleration cycle. Two UNIX wo...

  16. Standalone multidetector alpha-spectrometric counting and analysis system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes the usage and maintenance of a standalone radioactivity counting and analysis system called LOW LEVEL PHA. It was developed for use in multi-sample alpha spectrometric analysis. The LOW LEVEL PHA system is controlled by a MIK-11/2 microcomputer in 28K of memory and utilizes a double density, dual-floppy disk for data storage. Detectors are interfaced to the computer via CAMAC equipment (Computer Automated Measurement and Control). The system supports 32 simultaneously active and independent alpha particle detectors. It operates with collection rates of up to 300 counts per second from all active detectors, using 128 channels per spectrum and a dynamic energy range of 1.5 MeV. The system is not limited, however, to these conditions. In addition to spectral acquisition, the system provides several analysis functions which include peak identification, curve-smoothing, integration, linear and logarithmic scale graphics, and corrections for base-line shift, deadtime, and background counts. These functions can be implemented while other spectra are being collected. The LOW LEVEL PHA system represents a highly cost-effective means of acquiring alpha spectrometric data from a large number of samples simultaneously, with rapid data analysis capability. This is particularly suitable to analytical and environmental research applications where a small number of alpha-emitting radionuclides are measured at a time, e.g., isotopes of Pu or Am. 23 figures

  17. A Java-based data acquisition system for nuclear physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jam is a Java-based user-friendly data acquisition and analysis system developed for CAMAC-based nuclear physics experiments. The system is menu-driven and has been designed to minimize the expertise needed to perform the essential tasks necessary to collect and sort data. The front-end hardware is VME based and includes a MVME167 running VxWorks, which is networked to a Sun workstation. The sorting, display, and control routines are all written in Java, and the front-end code is written in C. With a Sparc 5 workstation, events with 10 parameters, 15 histograms, and 10 gate checks the system can collect and sort data up to event rates of 1 kHz. By only sorting a fraction of the events, but storing all events, it can be run at the front-end limit of 10 kHz. Java's promise of platform independence has been found to be realistic, and Jam has been used with no modifications to sort offline on multiple platforms. Jam has a modular design allowing it to be easily modified. For example, Jam has an interface to allow users to write their own fitting routines. This article discusses the system's design and performance, as well as some advantages and disadvantages of using Java

  18. The Data Acquisition System Based on PMC Bus

    CERN Document Server

    Igarashi, Y; Higuchi, T; Ikeno, M; Inoue, E; Itoh, R; Kodama, H; Murakami, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakao, M; Nakayoshi, K; Saitoh, M; Shimazaki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Tanaka, M; Tauchi, K; Varner, G; Yamauchi, M; Yasu, Y; Katayama, T; Watanabe, K; Ishizuka, M; Onozawa, S

    2003-01-01

    High energy physics experiments in KEK/Japan rush into over KHz trigger stage. Thus, we need a successor of the data acquisition(DAQ) system that replaces the CAMAC or FASTBUS systems. To meet these needs, we have developed a DAQ system which includes a crate, base-board modules, daughter cards for front-end A/D or T/D conversion, and back-end communication cards for data transfer and timing control. The size of the crate is for the 9U Euro-cards with the standard VME32 bus and extension connectors for power supply. The base-board comprises of a local bus with the sequencer connected to the front-end daughter cards via event buffering FIFOs, and the standard PMC (PCI mezzanine card) bus to be set a PMC processor unit to reduce data size from the front-end daughter cards. A data transfer module, which is connected to the event building system, and a trigger control unit, which communicates with the central timing controller are installed on the back-end communication card connected to the rear end of the base-...

  19. Use of open systems for control, analysis, and data acquisition of the DIII-D tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the past several years, it has been evident that the very old MODCOMP 16-bit computers being used at DIII-D for control and data acquisition were no longer adequate to perform the services needed. In early 1992, the computer systems group began to look seriously into alternate systems to replace these aged MODCOMP systems. The decision was made to investigate open-quote OPEN close-quote system computers and also to maintain the compatibility with the large usage of CAMAC equipment as the real-time hardware interface. Information about the needs for real-time capabilities and open-quote OPEN close-quote systems ability to meet these needs is discussed. The needs include hardware requirements, operating system software which has known response rates, interconnectability and access of data from other workstations and computers. Some of the parameters and pitfalls of open systems are discussed as well as the advantages of OPEN systems for use in a real-time environment. The success at arriving at an OPEN systems solution is examined

  20. Radiation-acoustic system for solid state research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiation-acoustic system (RAS) is designed for comprehensive investigation of thermoelastic (TE), thermophysical (TP) and thermodynamic (TD) characteristics of structural materials. It operation is based on radiation-acoustic method, which includes probing of investigated materials by pulsed electron beam and registration the exited thermo acoustic stress. The hardware includes a CAMAC crate, an IBM PC computer, a set of sensors, a strobe analog-digital converter, a commutators of analog signals, and drivers of physical parameters. The system allows to process thermo acoustic signals generated in beam-target interaction and to extract information about phase state, TE-, TP-, and TD characteristics of the target materials. The system was used for simultaneous measuring of phase state, TE-, TP-, and TD characteristics and for investigation of kinetics of structural phase transitions in multifunctional materials such as materials with the shape memory effect (CuAlNi, TiNi, TiNiFe, TiNiCu), rare-earth metals (Dy, Gd), high-temperature superconductors YBaCuO, piezoelectric crystals (TiBa, ZrTiPb-ceramics), polymers (PMMA, PTFE, PE) etc

  1. A VMEbus general-purpose data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a general-purpose, VMEbus based, multiprocessor data acquisition and monitoring system. Events, handled by a master CPU, are kept at the disposal of data storage and monitoring processes which can run on distinct processors. They access either the complete set of data or a fraction of them, minimizing the acquisition dead-time. The system is built with the VxWorks 5.0 real time kernel to which we have added device drivers for data acquisition and monitoring. The acquisition is controlled and the data are displayed on a workstation. The user interface is written in C++ and re-uses the classes of the Interviews and the NIH libraries. The communication between the control workstation and the VMEbus processors is made through SUN RPCs on an Ethernet link. The system will be used for, CAMAC based, data acquisition for nuclear physics experiments as well as for the VXI data taking with the 4π configuration (100 neutron detectors) of the Brussels-Caen-Louvian-Strasbourg DEMON collaboration. (author)

  2. Flexible data acquisition system for experiments at COSY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the KFA Juelich COoler SYnchrotron (COSY) a general data acquisition system was developed. Its architecture is based on available standards (VME, FASTBUS, CAMAC, VICbus) and UNIX Workstations forming a distributed processor system. Based on this hardware a flexible and modular data acquisition software was designed allowing the configuration of various experiment arrangements. The software design for run control is arranged according to a client server connectivity model as well as to an object oriented structure. It is logically based on MAP/MMS (ISO9506), a powerful application layer protocol for distributed automation systems in industry. In this application servers are implemented on the mProcessor controller boards at the front end. On the workstation side the experiment control client consists of dedicated processes with access to the configurable experiment data base. The user interface is realized by OSF/Motif. Established software standards for online data analysis high energy physics are employed. The authors discuss the most important design decisions mainly focusing on the software aspects

  3. Object-oriented data handling and OODB operation of LHD mass data acquisition system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakanishi, H. E-mail: nakanisi@nifs.ac.jp; Emoto, M.; Kojima, M.; Ohsuna, M.; Komada, S

    2000-08-01

    The new data acquisition system of large helical device (LHD) diagnostics, i.e. LABCOM system, has successfully started its operation in March 1998. It has a simple but massive parallel-processing (MPP) structure by means of multiple PC/Windows NT environment, and the most significant methodology adopted for it is the object-oriented (OO) data handling through the whole system. The functions and data substances of the acquisition system are described in autonomous objects with the corresponding C++ class definitions. The object-oriented database management system (ODBMS) will be the only solution to provide a vast and virtual storage space for storing an enormous number of archiving data objects. Commercial ODBMS product 'O2' are installed on each diagnostic acquisition computer. Practical O2 investigations showed 300-400 kB/s as the data storing rate, whereas the data transfer rate from CAMAC digitizers to the computer is up to 700 kB/s in this system. Applying the GNU project's 'zlib' compression library for the data size reduction compensates this rate gap. Through the first and second ({approx} no. 7132) LHD experimental campaigns, the LABCOM system acquired about 400 GB raw data, with maximum 120 MB per shot. These experiences proved that OO technology has great promise for the next generation of the data acquisition and storage system in fusion research experiments.

  4. Evolution not revolution in the TCV tokamak control and acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The original TCV control system was designed in the late 1980s to be inherently network based in that all control operations were performed from X-windows terminals and the control computers were networked. Using VMS-VAX technology, the acquisition system (CAMAC) and control system (BITBUS) were connected to controllers situated in the machine bus of these machines that were linked homogeneously by the VMS 'cluster' technology. Although the computing power and network bandwidth have improved considerably over the last years, the data acquired has risen from ∼10 to ∼200 MB per plasma discharge from increasingly numerous and complex diagnostic and acquisition systems. The goal over this period has thus been to evolve the control and acquisition systems to embrace new technologies whilst retaining the remote and automatic features. This paper describes changes in both the hardware and software which leave TCV in a state whose structure is coherent with its origins yet includes many new components. To control this increased complexity, a very general and symmetric software paradigm was developed based on an efficient matrix capable interpreter that is part of the MdsPlus (Proc. 16th Symp. Fus. Tecnol. (1990) 1272) package. This Tree Data Interface (TDI) package has many of the Matlab/IDL capabilities together with the explicit capability of calling dynamic libraries directly. There is also a TDI TCP/IP server for a remote client to call these functions and obtain a reply. With the recent port of MdsPlus to many Unix flavours, WinXX and VMS, which features automatic machine binary format translation, communication between most computers at TCV can be performed over the same interface. By writing all the CAMAC, BITBUS and database handling routines in this language, all the TCV functionality is now symmetrically available across all platforms. Client interfaces from C, Fortran, MatLab, IDL, Java, etc. are available for execution of TDI functions on local and remote

  5. Custom open source solutions for DIII-D data acquisition and control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computer based control and data acquisition systems have long played a critical role in fusion research in the development and operation of experiments such as the DIII-D tokamak in San Diego. These systems require great flexibility in being able to control and tie together the many diverse subsystems that make up a tokamak, including power, cryogenic, vacuum, electrical, water, heating and computers. For well over a decade the DIII-D control and data acquisition systems have been running on Linux-based commodity computing hardware. This has provided DIII-D with a continual path of improvement to computing performance and capability while maintaining the usefulness and productivity of numerous custom developed software applications written over the years. The flexibility provided by these Linux based systems has allowed DIII-D to continue to utilize and support legacy CAMAC hardware in addition to incorporating newer PLC and data acquisition hardware. A number of in-house developed tools and applications have made these systems highly customizable and easily expandable in being able to meet the specific and growing needs of the DIII-D research program. Among the latest improvements to these systems have been upgrades to user interfaces, development of new control capabilities and increases to data acquisition capabilities. This paper will describe in detail the present state of the DIII-D computer based control and data acquisition systems and recent improvements that have been made.

  6. Application of embedded EPICS to LLRF control system for SuperKEKB

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toward SuperKEKB project, a new digital low-level RF system was implemented and is now under evaluation. The control system of the new low-level RF system features embedded computers running Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System for local control on-site as well as remote control from the central control room. The frontend part of the control system comprises a Programmable Logic Controller and Advanced Mezzanine Cards in a micro-TCA chassis, which serve as Input / Output Controller of EPICS in place of an existing VME-computer and a CAMAC interface crate. The user interface for local control also relies on embedded computers serving as Operator Interface of EPICS-based control system. The adoption of embedded EPICS allowed us to make full use of existing software modules supported by EPICS community. This paper describes the design, implementation and present status of evaluation of the embedded EPICS-based control of the new low-level RF system. (author)

  7. Overview of Fermi National Accelerator Lab Control System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various facets of the control of the Fermilab accelerators, in particular the Tevatron, are presented. Since Fermilab contains a superconducting machine and a sophisticated injection complex, much of the controls functionality will of necessity be the same at the SSC. The various functions required at a large laboratory are discussed; these include computer-based fire and security alarms and a cable television system, as well as computer networks connected to accelerator hardware components. A description is given of that hardware, of which much is Camac but with considerable computer backplane bus equipment also present. A large fraction of the controls hardware has access to high precision real-time clocks. Our various networks are introduced, with the physical layer being a combination of copper and more modern optic cables, with the primary intercomputer link being Token Ring. A description of the computers is presented - basically these consist of operators' consoles, host VAXs, and link driving front ends. The software effort is detailed, with emphasis on consoles and microprocessors where the majority of effort has been placed. Future plans for the system are presented briefly. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  8. Two digital X-ray imaging systems for applications in X-ray diffraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two digital X-ray imaging systems developed at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory are described: the Mark I and the Mark II. Both use a bidimensionally sensitive multiwire proportional counter (MWPC) as the basic X-ray image transducer coupled, in the case of the Mark I to a Digital LSI 11-23 microcomputer system via CAMAC, and in the case of the Mark II to a Digital LSI 11-73 microcomputer system via custom-built data acquisition hardware mounted directly on the Q-bus of the microcomputer. The Mark I system provides the advantages of high speed, high sensitivity digital imaging directly into the computer with the potential for software control of the sample orientation and environment. The Mark II system adds the novel features of signal averaging and multiframe exposures. The dedicated digital memories have a resolution of 512x512 pixels of 16 bits, matching well to the spatial resolution of the xenon-filled MWPC (0.5 mm fwhm over an aperture of 200 mm x 200 mm). A 512x512x4 bit video graphics system displays the images in grey scales or colour. (orig.)

  9. Study on Digital Pulse Shape Discrimination System in BF3 Detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, we develop the digital PSD system and discriminate the background signal of BF3. Spectrum shapes are different according to the tstart setting method, and it is favorable to set it as the certain ratio of maximum height. In future, it will be performed to vary tstart point to optimize the pulse discrimination. To quantify the performance, Figure Of Merit (FOM) will be determined. For the nuclear non-proliferation and safeguards, an accurate and reliable measurement of nuclear material is essential. The nuclear material emits neutron and γ-ray, simultaneously. For the accurate detection of the nuclear material, neutron should be discriminated from γ-ray or background radiation. In previous study, N. S. Jung developed pulse shape analysis method based on NIM and CAMAC system. However, applications of other discrimination methods based on different detection modules or changing parameters are time-and-money consuming procedures in analogue systems. Today, the performance of digitizers is improved and it replaces some radiation measurement systems which require simple and portable equipment. Digital Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) method by using a digital oscilloscope is developed and applied to a neutron detection system by using BF3 detector in this study

  10. Study on Digital Pulse Shape Discrimination System in BF{sub 3} Detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jinhyeong; Kim, J. H.; Choi, H. D. [Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    In this study, we develop the digital PSD system and discriminate the background signal of BF{sub 3}. Spectrum shapes are different according to the t{sub start} setting method, and it is favorable to set it as the certain ratio of maximum height. In future, it will be performed to vary t{sub start} point to optimize the pulse discrimination. To quantify the performance, Figure Of Merit (FOM) will be determined. For the nuclear non-proliferation and safeguards, an accurate and reliable measurement of nuclear material is essential. The nuclear material emits neutron and γ-ray, simultaneously. For the accurate detection of the nuclear material, neutron should be discriminated from γ-ray or background radiation. In previous study, N. S. Jung developed pulse shape analysis method based on NIM and CAMAC system. However, applications of other discrimination methods based on different detection modules or changing parameters are time-and-money consuming procedures in analogue systems. Today, the performance of digitizers is improved and it replaces some radiation measurement systems which require simple and portable equipment. Digital Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) method by using a digital oscilloscope is developed and applied to a neutron detection system by using BF{sub 3} detector in this study.

  11. Progress of data processing system in JT-60 utilizing the UNIX-based workstations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JT-60 data processing system (DPS) possesses three-level hierarchy. At the top level of hierarchy is JT-60 inter-shot processor (MSP-ISP), which is a mainframe computer, provides communication with the JT-60 supervisory control system and supervises the internal communication inside the DPS. The middle level of hierarchy has minicomputers and the bottom level of hierarchy has individual diagnostic subsystems, which consist of the CAMAC and VME modules. To meet the demand for advanced diagnostics, the DPS has been progressed in stages from a three-level hierarchy system, which was dependent on the processing power of the MSP-ISP, to a two-level hierarchy system, which is decentralized data processing system (New-DPS) by utilizing the UNIX-based workstations and network technology. This replacement had been accomplished, and the New-DPS has been started to operate in October 2005. In this report, we describe the development and improvement of the New-DPS, whose functions were decentralized from the MSP-ISP to the UNIX-based workstations. (author)

  12. Real time data acquisition system for very high energy gamma ray astronomy experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experiment is being conducted at Pachmarhi (MP) to search for TeV gamma rays from celestial sources like: Cygnus X-3, Crab Pulsar, Cas-γ, Her X-1 etc. The detection of an extensive air shower initiated by TeV γ-rays or more abundant cosmic-ray protons in the Earth's atmosphere is through the Cherenkov light from the secondaries (e+ and e-). It is identified by multiplicity logic of the signals from an array of parabolic mirrors (or a group of mirrors called a bank) at the foci of which a fast (RCA 8575) phototube is placed. Whenever such an event occurs, we record the time of occurrence correct to a microsecond, the scalers which record various counting rates, the latch information signifying which mirrors or banks have triggered during the event, the pulse height in each phototube to be read from a CAMAC ADC module and the relative time delays between various mirrors or banks from a CAMAC TDC module. The event rate is in the range of 2-20 Hz. This is accomplished by an indigenously designed hardware system built around a Q-bus-based PDP 11/23 processor through a general-purpose 16-bit parallel I/O interface, viz. DRV-11. High-priority interrupt (INTA) is used for the event while lower-priority interrupt (INTB) is used by the monitor interrupt generator (MIG). A versatile software package called HEGROSOFT has been developed to control the above hardware acquisition system. It is designed to meet the following objectives with four-level task priorities: (a) to acquire the γ-ray event data with a recording dead time of ≅1 ms; (b) monitor the various counting rates and print them out at regular intervals; (c) attend to the operator interrupt service requests from the console; (d) providde services for a low-priority job queue to make use of the idle time of the processor. The complete acquisition system and its design philosophy are explained in detail. (orig.)

  13. Local area network for the plasma diagnostics system of MFTF-B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MFTF-B Plasma Diagnostics System will be implemented in stages, beginning with a start-up set of diagnostics and evolving toward a basic set. The start-up set contains 12 diagnostics which will acquire a total of about 800 Kbytes of data per machine pulse; the basic set contains 23 diagnostics which will acquire a total of about 8 Mbytes of data per pulse. Each diagnostic is controlled by a Foundation System consisting of a DEC LSI-11/23 microcomputer connected to CAMAC via a 5 Mbits/second serial fiber-optic link and connected to a supervisory computer (Perkin-Elmer 3250) via a 9600 baud RS232 link. The Foundation System is a building block used throughout MFTF-B for control and status monitoring. However, its 9600 baud link to the supervisor presents a bottleneck for the large data transfers required by diagnostics. To overcome this bottleneck the diagnostics Foundation Systems will be connected together with an additional LSI-11/23 called the master to form a Local Area Network (LAN) for data acquisition

  14. The local area network for the plasma Diagnostics System of MFTF-B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MFTF-B Plasma Diagnostics System will be implemented in stages, beginning with a start-up set of diagnostics and evolving toward a basic set. The start-up set contains 12 diagnostics which will acquire a total of about 800 Kbytes of data per machine pulse; the basic set contains 23 diagnostics which will acquire a total of about 8 Mbytes of data per pulse. Each diagnostic is controlled by a ''Foundation System'' consisting of a DEC LSI-11/23 microcomputer connected to CAMAC via a 5 Mbits/second serial fiber-optic link and connected to a supervisory computer (Perkin-Elmer 3250) via a 9600 baud RS232 link. The Foundation System is a building block used throughout MFTF-B for control and status monitoring. However, its 9600 baud link to the supervisor presents a bottleneck for the large data transfers required by diagnostics. To overcome this bottleneck the diagnostics Foundation Systems will be connected together with an additional LSI-11/23 called the ''master'' to form a Local Area Network (LAN) for data acquisition. The Diagnostics LAN has a ring architecture with token passing arbitration

  15. New data acquisition system for the focal plane polarimeter of the Grand Raiden spectrometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a new data acquisition system for the focal plane polarimeter of the Grand Raiden spectrometer at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP) in Osaka, Japan. Data are acquired by a Creative Electronic Systems (CES) Starburst, which is a CAMAC auxiliary crate controller equipped with a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) J11 microprocessor., The data on the Starburst are transferred to a VME single-board computer. A VME reflective memory module broadcasts the data to other systems through a fiber-optic link. A data transfer rate of 2.0 Mbytes/s between VME modules has been achieved by reflective memories. This rate includes the overhead of buffer management. The overall transfer rate, however, is limited by the performance of the Starburst to about 160 Kbytes/s at maximum. In order to further improve the system performance, the authors developed a new readout module called the Rapid Data Transfer Module (RDTM). RDTM's transfer data from LeCroy PCOS III's or 4298's, and FERA/FERET's directly to CES 8170 High Speed Memories (HSM) in VME crates. The data transfer rate of the RDTM from PCOS III's to the HSM is about 4 Mbytes/s

  16. Distributed mass data acquisition system based on PCs and windows NT for LHD fusion plasma experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new data acquisition and management system has been developed for the LHD experiment. It has the capability to process 100 MB - 1 GB raw data within a few tens seconds after every plasma discharge. It employs wholly distributed and loosely-tied parallel tasking structure through a fast network, and the cluster of the distributed database severs seems to be a virtual macro-machine as a whole. A PC/Windows NT computer is installed for each diagnostics data acquisition of about 30 kinds, and it controls CAMAC digitizers through the optical SCSI extenders. The diagnostic timing system consists of some kinds of VME modules that are installed to remotely control the diagnostic devices in real-time. They can, as a whole system, distribute the synchronous sampling clocks and programmable triggers for measurement digitizers. The data retrieving terminals can access database as application service clients, and are functionally separated from the data acquisition severs by way of the switching Ethernet. (author)

  17. Soft x-ray computer tomography system on the WT-3 tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soft x-ray (SXR) computer tomography (CT) system for the WT-3 tokamak was completed. The system was composed of SXR cameras, on-line data acquisition and software for CT reconstruction. Each SXR camera consisted of a pinhole and an integrated twenty channel PIN photodiode array on a compact board. The size of the SXR camera was so small that we could install five SXR cameras at the same toroidal section. SXR experimental data were transferred to a workstation through a CAMAC system in a minute and stored on the magnetic disk. The Fourier-Bessel expansion technique was employed to reconstruct the contour map of the SXR emissivity from SXR signals along a hundred viewing chords of five SXR cameras. It became possible to reconstruct CT images with relatively high poloidal mode number (m=4) during the interval of tokamak discharges. The internal mode structure of a plasma with steady magnetohydrodynamic oscillation was investigated. It was found that there was an m=1 mode near the plasma center in addition to an m=2 mode localized near the plasma periphery. The internal structure of the plasma during mode locking of the m=2 mode was also investigated. The CT results showed that the m=1 mode was locked as well as the m=2 mode. (author)

  18. Software and capabilities of the beam position measurement system for Novosibirsk free electron laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system that measures the electron beam position in the Novosibirsk high power free electron laser has been operating for 8 years and is described in this article. the main part of the system is a number of pick-up electrodes (BPM stations) installed in different parts of the vacuum chamber of the microtron-recuperator. Each BPM (Beam Position Monitoring) station has four buttons with a clear aperture diameter of about 80 mm. Signals from the plates of all BPMs are transmitted by cables outside the shielded hall to the site of location of the measurement electronics. The beam position is determined via simultaneous measurement of the amplitudes of signals induced on the buttons by the beam field. The control software for this system is a single application running on the IBM-PC computer. Communication with the CAMAC crates is realized with the help of the ISP controller, developed at Budker INP. The application can operate in several different regimes. The first regime is a serial poll of all the BPM stations for the purpose of determination of the transverse coordinates of the beam (the main operating regime). The second operation regime is a scanning throughout the delay time range of one of the BPM stations. The third and very useful regime is a poll of the waveform of the BPM button pulses with the frequency of the beam movement and a constant time delay value

  19. Gamma-ray imaging and spectroscopy system using room-temperature semiconductor detector elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on the design, construction, and testing of a gamma-ray imaging system with spectroscopic capabilities. The imaging system consists of an orthogonal strip detector made from either HgI2 or CdZnTe crystals. The detectors utilize an 8x8 orthogonal strip configuration with 64 effective pixels. Both HgI2 or CdZnTe detectors are 1 cm2 devices with a strip pitch of approximately 1.2 mm (producing pixels of 1.2 mm x 1.2 mm). The readout electronics consist of parallel channels of preamplifier, shaping amplifier, discriminators, and peak sensing ADC. The preamplifiers are configured in hybrid technology, and the rest of the electronics are implemented in NIM and CAMAC with control via a Power Macintosh computer. The software used to readout the instrument is capable of performing intensity measurements as well as spectroscopy on all 64 pixels of the device. We report on the performance of the system imaging gamma-rays in the 20-500 keV energy range and using a pin-hole collimator to form the image. (author)

  20. Pulsed electrical system with digital control of the ETE tokamak (spherical tokamak experiment)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work, presented as a M.Sc. dissertation in Electronic Engineering, comprehending basically the development of several dedicated electrical systems for the spherical tokamak ETE, in special, the capacitor bank circuit for plasma formation and heating (solenoid coils), the capacitor bank circuits for production of the toroidal and vertical magnetic fields for plasma confinement and equilibrium (toroidal and vertical coils), as well as, the control system which is based on personal computer with digital interface through CAMAC IEEE-583 modules and the safety system based on pneumatic components. The ETE is a machine to be used for experimental study of hot plasmas with fusion relevant parameters. The principal of the machine is the small aspect ratio parameter, A=R/α ∼ 1,5, where R and α are the major and minor radii, respectively, of the plasma toroidal column. This machine is under construction at Laboratorio Associado de Plasma (LAP) of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) in Sao Jose dos Campos- SP. (author)

  1. The Linux Based Distributed Data Acquisition System for the ISTRA+ Experiment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Filin; A.Inyakin; 等

    2001-01-01

    The DAQ hardware of the ISTRA+experiment consists of the VME system crate that contains two PCI-VME bridges interfacing two PC's with VME,external interrupts receiver,the readout controller for dedicated front-end electronics,the read-out controller buffer memory module,the VME-CAMAC interface,and additional control modules,The DAQ computing consist of 6 PC's running the Linux operating system and linked into LAN.The first PC serves the external interrupts and acquires the data from front-end electronics,The second one is the slow control computer.The remaining PC's host the monitoring and data analysis software.The Linux based DAQ software provides the external interrupts procssing,the data acquisition,recording,and distribution between monitoring and data analysis tasks running at DAQ PC's.The monitoring programs are based on two packages for data visualization:home-written on and the ROOT system.My SQl is used as a DAQ database.

  2. Equipment calibration with a microprocessor connected to a time-sharing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In H.E.P., it is common practice to test and calibrate equipment at different stages (design, construction checks, setting up and running periods) with a dedicated mini or micro-computer (such as CERN CAVIAR). An alternative solution has been developed in which such tasks are split between a microprocessor (Motorola 6800), and a host computer; this allows an easy and cheap multiplication of independant testing set-ups. The local processor is limited to CAMAC data acquisition, histogramming and simple processing, but its computing power is enhanced by a connection to a host time-sharing system via a MUMM multiplexor described in a separate paper. It is thus possible to perform sophisticated computations (fits etc...) and to use the host disk space to store calibration results for later use. In spite of the use of assembly language, a software structure has been devised to ease the constitution of an application program. This is achieved by the interplay of three levels of facilities: macro-instructions, library of subroutines, and Patchy controlled pieces of programs. A comprehensive collection of these is kept in the form of PAM files on the host computer. This system has been used to test calorimeter modules for the UA 1 experiment. (orig.)

  3. Equipment calibration with a microprocessor connected to a time-sharing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In H.E.P., it is common practice to test and calibrate equipment at different stages (design, construction checks, setting up and running periods) with a dedicated mini or micro-computer (such as CERN CAVIAR). An alternative solution has been developed in which such tasks are split between a microprocessor (Motorola 6800), and a host computer; this allows an easy and cheap multiplication, of independant testing set-ups. The local processor is limited to CAMAC data acquisition, histogramming and simple processing, but its computing power is enhanced by a connection to a host time-sharing system via a NUMM multiplexor described in a separate paper. It is thus possible to perform sophisticated computations (fits etc...) and to use the host disk space to store calibration results for later use. In spite of the use of assembly langage, a software structure has been devised to ease the constitution of an application program. This is achieved by the interplay of three levels of facilities: macro-instructions, library of subroutines, and Patchy controlled pieces of programs. A comprehensive collection of these is kept in the form of PAM file on the host computer. This system has been used to test calorimeter modules for the UA 1 experiment

  4. SUPER-SABRE: an RSX-11M system for generalized gamma-ray spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system is described which provides generalized multi-user services for gamma-ray spectrometry with an existing laboratory computer. Purpose-built hardware is not employed. The current implementation is on a PDP11 computer under RSX-11M using commercial CAMAC units. The design, however, is not limited to specific hardware. Up to fourteen operators may use eight detectors or access an archive of many thousand spectra. An interactive command language is supplemented by a command file interpreter. A user may control data acquisition, manipulate, examine or analyze spectra. There is complete flexibility and independence in the use of terminals and other devices. SUPER-SABRE demonstrates particular features of computer-user interface design and provides test-bed facilities for analytical procedures within its software. It is capable of extension and modification to accommodate appropriate developments in computer technology. The current system is successfully employed in the measurement of environmental radioactivity, for radiation protection plant control and for neutron activation analysis

  5. Determination of the poloidal flux function for the TBR-1 (Tokamak Brazilian Reactor). Construction of a data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is made of two distinct parts, around the small tokamak TBR-1, built at the Physics Institute of the University of Sao Paulo, whose main characteristics are in appendix C. the first part corresponds to the development of software and implementation of a Data Acquisition System (DAS), built essentially of Analogue-to-Digital Converters (ADC's) for transient analysis. The system is based on CAMAC standards, with a GPIB controller and a 16 bit microcomputer of IBM-PC line. Strategy and software are original and locally developed specifically for the task. The second part was the development of a hybrid system for reconstruction of MHD equilibrium of the plasma column for TBR-1, based upon external measurements. A study was done the past concerning the approximate determination of the transversal shape of the plasma column in the same machine. The method used was totally modified and coupled to a process of numerical solution of Gra-Shafranov equation in order to permit reliable estimatives of plasma variables associated to equilibrium of TBR-1. Results are reasonable, taken into account the bad state of TBR-1 when data was collected. Only the values of Q show unexpected output, deserving revision. (author). 29 refs., 23 figs., 6 tabs

  6. systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Leonessa

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A nonlinear robust control-system design framework predicated on a hierarchical switching controller architecture parameterized over a set of moving nominal system equilibria is developed. Specifically, using equilibria-dependent Lyapunov functions, a hierarchical nonlinear robust control strategy is developed that robustly stabilizes a given nonlinear system over a prescribed range of system uncertainty by robustly stabilizing a collection of nonlinear controlled uncertain subsystems. The robust switching nonlinear controller architecture is designed based on a generalized (lower semicontinuous Lyapunov function obtained by minimizing a potential function over a given switching set induced by the parameterized nominal system equilibria. The proposed framework robustly stabilizes a compact positively invariant set of a given nonlinear uncertain dynamical system with structured parametric uncertainty. Finally, the efficacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated on a jet engine propulsion control problem with uncertain pressure-flow map data.

  7. Periscope-camera system for visible and infrared imaging diagnostics on TFTR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An optical diagnostic consisting of a periscope which relays images of the torus interior to an array of cameras is used on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) to view plasma discharge phenomena and inspect vacuum vessel internal structures in both visible and near-infrared wavelength regions. Three periscopes view through 20-cm-diameter fused-silica windows which are spaced around the torus midplane to provide a viewing coverage of approximately 75% of the vacuum vessel internal surface area. The periscopes have f/8 optics and motor-driven controls for focusing, magnification selection (50, 200, and 600 field of view), elevation and azimuth setting, mast rotation, filter selection, iris aperture, and viewing port selection. The four viewing ports on each periscope are equipped with multiple imaging devices which include: (1) an inspection eyepiece, (2) standard (RCA TC2900) and fast (RETICON) framing rate television cameras, (3) a PtSi CCD infrared imaging camera, (4) a 35 mm Nikon F3 still camera, or (5) a 16 mm Locam II movie camera with variable framing up to 500 fps. Operation of the periscope-camera system is controlled either locally or remotely through a computer-CAMAC interface. A description of the equipment and examples of its application are presented

  8. Periscope-camera system for visible and infrared imaging diagnostics on TFTR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Medley, S.S.; Dimock, D.L.; Hayes, S.; Long, D.; Lowrence, J.L.; Mastrocola, V.; Renda, G.; Ulrickson, M.; Young, K.M.

    1985-05-01

    An optical diagnostic consisting of a periscope which relays images of the torus interior to an array of cameras is used on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) to view plasma discharge phenomena and inspect vacuum vessel internal structures in both visible and near-infrared wavelength regions. Three periscopes view through 20-cm-diameter fused-silica windows which are spaced around the torus midplane to provide a viewing coverage of approximately 75% of the vacuum vessel internal surface area. The periscopes have f/8 optics and motor-driven controls for focusing, magnification selection (5/sup 0/, 20/sup 0/, and 60/sup 0/ field of view), elevation and azimuth setting, mast rotation, filter selection, iris aperture, and viewing port selection. The four viewing ports on each periscope are equipped with multiple imaging devices which include: (1) an inspection eyepiece, (2) standard (RCA TC2900) and fast (RETICON) framing rate television cameras, (3) a PtSi CCD infrared imaging camera, (4) a 35 mm Nikon F3 still camera, or (5) a 16 mm Locam II movie camera with variable framing up to 500 fps. Operation of the periscope-camera system is controlled either locally or remotely through a computer-CAMAC interface. A description of the equipment and examples of its application are presented.

  9. Data exchange by means of a series intercrate communication line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The KI021 and KI022 intercrate communication line registers for data exchange between the CAMAC systems are described. Different variants of these blocks application for the organization data exchange between multicrate systems with several electronic computers being at large distances from each other are considered. Examples of data exchange algorithms are given. The KI021 block is intended for connecting in one system remote devices in the CAMAC standard, each of which is controlled by a local electronic computer; the KI022 block is used for connecting a device in the CAMAC standard to an electronic computer controlling its operation and remote at a considerable distance

  10. Overview of the data-acquisition system (including shielding, isolation and grounding) on the Beta II field-reversed plasma-gun experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computer-supported acquisition, analysis, and storage of mirror fusion experimental data requires the solution of several problems. The data must be gathered with a minimum amount of noise, and transients must be excluded from the computer so that it can function properly. On Beta II (which was an experiment to produce field-reversed plasma rings from a coaxial plasma gun) the diagnostic system was planned to provide the shielding and isolation necessary to solve these two problems. The Beta II system has been in operation for about two years and provides 300-channel capacity, CAMAC interfaced, to a Hewlett Packard 21MX computer. The system routinely handles signals ranging from 1 mV to 50 kV, with bandwidths from .05 Hz to 10 MHz. The data are captured by transient recorders during a shot, then transferred to the computer. The computer stores the data on disc for immediate processing and on tape for long-term storage. Processed data from any number of channels (usually 20 to 30) is plotted between shots for immediate review. The rest of the data is processed and plotted during off hours

  11. Proceedings of the 10. International Symposium on Nuclear Electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report comprises lectures given at the X. International Symposium on Nuclear Electronics. Volume II comprehends essential topics to the development of computerized systems and the application of CAMAC modules and their connection with microprocessors in the field of high energy physics. Volume II is divided in two sections. Section C: measuring electronics in high energy physics. Section D: application of computer aided systems in experiments with special regard to microcomputer and CAMAC system

  12. Setup for the Nuclotron beam time structure measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Isupov, A. Yu.; Ladygin, V. P.; Reznikov, S. G.

    2015-01-01

    The setups for precise measurements of the time structure of Nuclotron internal and slowly extracted beams are described in both hardware and software aspects. The CAMAC hardware is based on the use of the standard CAMAC modules developed and manufactured at JINR. The data acquisition system software is implemented using the ngdp framework under the Unix-like operating system (OS) FreeBSD to allow the easy network distribution of the online data. It is demonstrated that the described setups a...

  13. Summary of control and data acquisition systems for NOVA experiments (invited)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NOVA laser has completed its first year of operation. During this period, emphasis has been placed on activation of the facility and of the numerous target and beam diagnostics. Two separate target chambers are in use. NOVA operation is separated into two broad functions: laser operations and experiments. The operations group provides the laser system control, operation, and data acquisition and the experiments group provides experiment definition, diagnostic instrumentation, and overall data processing. On the operations side, VAX 11/780 computers are used to set up diagnostic operating parameters and collect data recorded by the CAMAC and CCD modules. These data are delivered in files by electronic link to the Laser Experiments and Analysis Facility (LEAF) VAX 11/785 of the experiments group for processing. Film data are digitized at LEAF and the film data files are also processed on the LEAF VAX. The LEAF provides collection, processing, analysis, and archiving of the experimental data. The many applications software packages written for LEAF provide the experimental physicists and NOVA operations staff with programs and data bases for interpretation of experimental results. This software makes fundamental use of the ORACLE relational data base management system to both access the required data and archive the obtained results. Post-shot data processing produces sets of scalar values, x, y profiles and x, y, z contour data. The scalar data are stored in the ORACLE DB; the more extensive results are stored in binary files on disk. All data forms are accessed by a comprehensive software system, the electronic SHOTBOOK, developed around the ORACLE DBMS

  14. A tailored 200 parameter VME based data acquisition system for IBA at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility - Hardware and software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfman, Mikael; Ros, Linus; Kristiansson, Per; Nilsson, E. J. Charlotta; Pallon, Jan

    2016-03-01

    With the recent advances towards modern Ion Beam Analysis (IBA), going from one- or few-parameter detector systems to multi-parameter systems, it has been necessary to expand and replace the more than twenty years old CAMAC based system. A new VME multi-parameter (presently up to 200 channels) data acquisition and control system has been developed and implemented at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility (LIBAF). The system is based on the VX-511 Single Board Computer (SBC), acting as master with arbiter functionality and consists of standard VME modules like Analog to Digital Converters (ADC's), Charge to Digital Converters (QDC's), Time to Digital Converters (TDC's), scaler's, IO-cards, high voltage and waveform units. The modules have been specially selected to support all of the present detector systems in the laboratory, with the option of future expansion. Typically, the detector systems consist of silicon strip detectors, silicon drift detectors and scintillator detectors, for detection of charged particles, X-rays and γ-rays. The data flow of the raw data buffers out from the VME bus to the final storage place on a 16 terabyte network attached storage disc (NAS-disc) is described. The acquisition process, remotely controlled over one of the SBCs ethernet channels, is also discussed. The user interface is written in the Kmax software package, and is used to control the acquisition process as well as for advanced online and offline data analysis through a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI). In this work the system implementation, layout and performance are presented. The user interface and possibilities for advanced offline analysis are also discussed and illustrated.

  15. Optical timing receiver for the NASA Spaceborne Ranging System. Part I. Dual peak-sensing timing discriminator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Position-resolution capabilities of the NASA Spaceborne Laser Ranging System are essentially determined by the time-resolution capabilities of its optical timing receiver. The optical timing receiver consists of a fast photoelectric device; (e.g., photomultiplier or an avalanche photodiode detector), a timing discriminator, a high-precision event-timing digitizer, and a signal-processing system. The time-resolution capabilities of the receiver are determined by the photoelectron time spread of the photoelectric device, the time walk and resolution characteristics of the timing discriminator, and the resolution of the event-timing digitizer. It is thus necessary to evaluate available fast photoelectronic devices with respect to their time-resolution capabilities, to design a very low time walk timing discriminator and to develop a high-resolution event-timing digitizer which will be used in the high-resolution spaceborne laser ranging system receiver. The development of a new dual-peak sensing timing discriminator is described. The amplitude dependent time walk is less than +-150 psec for a 100:1 dynamic range of Gaussian-shaped input signals having pulse widths between 11 and 17 nsec. The unit produces 800 mV negative output pulses, each 10 nsec wide, and 3V positive pulses with widths of 15 nsec. The time delay through the discriminator is approximately 37 nsec. In this discriminator the input signal is processed by a peak-crossing circuit which produces a bipolar pulse having its zero-crossing point at the peak of the input signal. All essential functions in the discriminator are performed by means of tunnel diodes with backward diodes as nonlinear loads. The discriminator is designed to be CAMAC compatible to a conventional time-interval unit or a high-precision event timing digitizer. The adjustment procedure for obtaining minimum time walk is also given

  16. Automated system for hydrogen and its isotopes monitoring at IVG.1M reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    System is dedicated for real-time registration of hydrogen (and its isotopes) concentration in two volumes of experimental device during irradiative material testing experiment at IVG1M reactor. System allows conducting of automated simultaneous real-time sampling and registration of chemical composition of gases in operational volumes of two chambers of experimental installation (in inlet and outlet sides, for example). That is especially important for experiments on study of diffusion parameters (with method of hydrogen permeation, for example). Measurement part is based on mass-analyzing radio-frequency gouges of omegatron type RMO-13 and MX6407-P (for light masses) with appropriate set of hardware-software tools. Original programmable oscillator of omegatron operational frequency and programmable high-voltage ramp for MX6407-P deflection system were designed with purpose to provide computer control for both mass-analyzers. CAMAC interface is used to link measurement system to IBM PC. System provides possibility to measure wide mass-spectrum in a chamber under irradiation as well as simultaneous measurement of concentration changes of up to four masses in one chamber and registration of spectrum of light masses (2-6) in second chamber. Also it allows operation in data analysis mode when measurements are finished. Selection of operational mode, set-up of measurement duration, sampling frequency and data analysis are provided by graphic terminal of IBM PC. System supports data acquisition and processing during four-hour reactor power session with following technical characteristics: Number of measure channels - 2 (one-channel operation is possible); Input signal - analogous, 10-5-10.0 V voltage; Channel sampling frequency -up to 0.1 Hz. Software is functioning in environment of operational systems MS-DOS or Windows (in DOS emulation mode). Post-measurement data processing provides visual analysis and filtration of measured arrays. Described automated system is

  17. Data collection program for TANSY-KM5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the TANSY data collection program is dual. During normal measurement it fetches the incoming data, compresses them in a suitable shape and places the result in the CAMAC memory modules. The data should afterwards be taken care of by the JET Codas system. It may also be used as a stand-alone system. Calibrations can be done controlled by a terminal connected to the auxiliary CAMAC controller or by the host computer system. The program is written for the Starburst, the CES auxiliary CAMAC controller ACC 2180. It is essentially a PDP 11/70 computer on a microchip offering several advanced computer options. The program is written in assembler code in order to achieve shortest possible collection times. Some examples of user programs for the host are presented. They are written for RSX11/M operating system in a host Starburst. (au)

  18. The touch terminal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'Touch Terminal' is a microprocessor based intelligent terminal specially geared to the control of complex processes. It would be ideally suited to the control of a high energy physics experiment. It incorporates three of the features which have made the SPS control system a successful and widely acclaimed means of accelerator control. These are a 'touch panel' with computer writable legends, a full graphics display screen, and a high level interpretive programming language. It can be used in two modes. Firstly as a peripheral to any host computer, so providing the host with touch panel and display facilities at minimum overhead. Secondly it can be used as a stand alone system with its own high level NODAL language. The terminal is compact and uses an internal 11 slot CAMAC bus. This enables the power of the terminal to be increased by adding appropriate CAMAC modules. A CAMAC controller using a powerful microprocessor provides the intelligence for the terminal operation. (orig.)

  19. Setup for the Nuclotron beam time structure measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Isupov, A Yu; Reznikov, S G

    2015-01-01

    The setups for precision measurements of the time structure of Nuclotron internal and slowly extracted beams are described in both hardware and software aspects. The CAMAC hardware is based on the use of the standard CAMAC modules developed and manufactured at JINR. The data acquisition system software is implemented using the ngdp framework under the Unix-like operating system (OS) FreeBSD to allow the easy network distribution of the online data. It is demonstrated that the described setups are suitable for the continuous Nuclotron beam quality monitoring.

  20. FORTRAN data files transference from VAX/VMS to ALPHA/UNIX; Traspaso de ficheros FORTRAN de datos de VAX/VMS a ALPHA/UNIX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez, E.; Milligen, B. Ph van [CIEMAT (Spain)

    1997-09-01

    Several tools have been developed to access the TJ-IU databases, which currently reside in VAX/VMS servers, from the TJ-II Data Acquisition System DEC ALPHA 8400 server. The TJ-I/TJ-IU databases are not homogeneous and contain several types of data files, namely, SADE, CAMAC and FORTRAN unformatted files. The tools presented in this report allow one to transfer CAMAC and those FORTRAN unformatted files defined herein, from a VAX/VMS server, for data manipulation on the ALPHA/Digital UNIX server. (Author)

  1. ''ARBOLA'' SLAC branch driver for PDP-11

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The wide use of CAMAC systems in the Large Aperture Solenoid Spectrometer facility led to the design of several dedicated CAMAC interfaces. The one described here features the implementation of bidirectional data transfers, and is used exclusively with the SLAC crate controller, 135-279. Efforts were made to ensure maximum versatility for acquisition of high-energy physics data. Specifications are set forth, and hardware and software (memory address register, word count register, data buffer register, and high-byte register) are described. 4 figures

  2. FORTRAN data files transference from VAX/VMS to ALPHA/UNIX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several tools have been developed to access the TJ-I and TJ-IU databases, which currently reside in VAX/VMS servers, from the TJ-II Data Acquisition System DEC ALPHA 8400 server. The TJ-I/TJ-IU databases are not homogeneous and contain several types of data files, namely, SADE. CAMAC and FORTRAN un formatted files. The tools presented in this report allow one to transfer CAMAC and those FORTRAN un formatted files defined herein. from a VAX/VMS server, for data manipulation on the ALPHA/Digital UNIX server. (Author) 5 refs

  3. 10. International Symposium on Nuclear Electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report contains the abstracts to the main topics of the symposium arranged in 4 chapters. Section A: electronics instrumentation for accelerators and reactors. Section B: amplitude and time spectroscopy. Section C: measuring electronics in high energy physics. Section D: application of computer aided systems in experiments with special regard to microcomputers and the CAMAC system

  4. Object-oriented design for LHD data acquisition using client-server model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LHD data acquisition system handles a huge amount of data exceeding over 600MB per shot. The fully distributed processing and the object-oriented system design are the main principles of this system. Its wide flexibility has been realized by introducing the object-oriented method into the data processing, in which the object-sharing and the class libraries will provide the unified way of data handling for both servers and clients program developments. The object class libraries are written in C++, and the network object-sharing is provided through a commercial software called HARNESS. As for the CAMAC setup, the Java script can use the C++ class libraries and thus establishes the relationship between the object-oriented database and the WWW server. In LHD experiments, the CAMAC system and the Windows NT operating system are applied for digitizing and acquiring data, respectively. For the purpose of the LHD data acquisition, the new CAMAC handling softwares which work on Windows NT have been developed to manipulate the SCSI-connected crate controllers. The CAMAC command lists and diagnostic data classes are shared between clients and servers. A lump of diagnostic data mass is treated as a part of an object by the object-oriented programming. (author)

  5. Object-oriented designs for LHD data acquisitions using client-server model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LHD data acquisition system handles >600 MB data per shot. The fully distributed data processing and the object-oriented system design are the main principles of this system. Its wide flexibility has been realized by introducing the object-oriented method into the data processing, in which the object sharing and class libraries will provide the unified way of data handling for the network client-server programming. The object class libraries are described in C++, and the network object sharing is provided through the commercial software named HARNESS. As for the CAMAC setup, the Java script can use the C++ class libraries and thus establishes the relationship between the object-oriented database and the WWW server. In LHD experiments, the CAMAC system and the Windows NT operating system are applied for digitizing and acquiring data, respectively. For the purpose of the LHD data acquisition, the new CAMAC handling software on Windows NT have been developed to manipulate the SCSI-connected crate controllers. The CAMAC command lists and diagnostic data classes are shared between client and server computers. A lump of the diagnostic data can be treated as part of an object by the object-oriented programming. (orig.)

  6. Object-oriented design for LHD data acquisition using client-server model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kojima, M.; Nakanishi, H.; Hidekuma, S. [National Inst. for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu (Japan)

    1997-11-01

    The LHD data acquisition system handles a huge amount of data exceeding over 600MB per shot. The fully distributed processing and the object-oriented system design are the main principles of this system. Its wide flexibility has been realized by introducing the object-oriented method into the data processing, in which the object-sharing and the class libraries will provide the unified way of data handling for both servers and clients program developments. The object class libraries are written in C{sub ++}, and the network object-sharing is provided through a commercial software called HARNESS. As for the CAMAC setup, the Java script can use the C{sub ++} class libraries and thus establishes the relationship between the object-oriented database and the WWW server. In LHD experiments, the CAMAC system and the Windows NT operating system are applied for digitizing and acquiring data, respectively. For the purpose of the LHD data acquisition, the new CAMAC handling softwares which work on Windows NT have been developed to manipulate the SCSI-connected crate controllers. The CAMAC command lists and diagnostic data classes are shared between clients and servers. A lump of diagnostic data mass is treated as a part of an object by the object-oriented programming. (author)

  7. An instrumentation for control and measurement of activated mineral samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of an instrumentation for control of a pneumatic tube system used to transport mineral samples for activation in a reactor and from there to a detector arrangement. A possible content of uranium in the samples can be seen from the radiation measured. The instrumentation includes a PDP-11 computer and a CAMAC crate

  8. Construction and maintenance of SUNY facilities at the National Synchrotron Light Source. Progress report, 1 October 1981-1 July 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development of the SUNY beam line at the National Synchrotron Light Source is described. The line now includes monochromator/mirror optics with tandem arrangement of experiments. The beamline computer system is now working with CAMAC data acquisition, and a four-circle diffractometer, a small-angle-scattering bench, and a fluorescence EXAFS apparatus should be ready soon

  9. The simple nuclear ADC for multiparameter data analysis SADC-2 K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is designed a simple nuclear ADC SADC-2 K which must to substitute for 712 model in systems for multiparameter data analysis. The SADC-2 K model has 2048 signal conversion levels, 100 MHz conversion frequency, differential nonlinearity of 1 % LSD, output to local and CAMAC buses, the module width of 1 S. (author). 1 tab., 1 figs

  10. Digital to position converter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report deals with a digitally controllable servosystem for the regulation of a mechanical movement. The system has been applied, as prototyupe, to the phase rotator in the driver of the klystron of station 13 (NIKHEF K), and to the reducer at the output of this klystron. Control and supply takes place from a Camac-module, Borer type 1084A. (author). 6 figs

  11. System Budgets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Palle

    1996-01-01

    The lecture note is aimed at introducing system budgets for optical communication systems. It treats optical fiber communication systems (six generations), system design, bandwidth effects, other system impairments and optical amplifiers.......The lecture note is aimed at introducing system budgets for optical communication systems. It treats optical fiber communication systems (six generations), system design, bandwidth effects, other system impairments and optical amplifiers....

  12. System Identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keesman, K.J.

    2011-01-01

    Summary System Identification Introduction.- Part I: Data-based Identification.- System Response Methods.- Frequency Response Methods.- Correlation Methods.- Part II: Time-invariant Systems Identification.- Static Systems Identification.- Dynamic Systems Identification.- Part III: Time-varying Syste

  13. Multipulse Nd:YAG Laser Thomson Scattering Diagnostics on HT-7 Tokamak

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZANG Qing; ZHAO Junyu; YUN Gaoqian; SHI Lingwei; XU Yajie

    2008-01-01

    A multipulse Nd:YAG (Neodym-yttrium aluminium garnet) laser Thomson scatter-ing diagnostic system developed was recently applied on HT-7 tokamak to obtain more accurate electron temperatures. A CAMAC-based real-time computer system for laser control, data ac-quisition, analysis and calibration was investigated in detail. Furthermore, the reliability and accuracy of this diagnostic system were demonstrated by comparing the results with those of a soft-X ray diagnostic system.

  14. Systems autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lum, Henry, Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Information on systems autonomy is given in viewgraph form. Information is given on space systems integration, intelligent autonomous systems, automated systems for in-flight mission operations, the Systems Autonomy Demonstration Project on the Space Station Thermal Control System, the architecture of an autonomous intelligent system, artificial intelligence research issues, machine learning, and real-time image processing.

  15. Immune System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Immune System KidsHealth > For Teens > Immune System Print A A ... put us out of commission. What the Immune System Does The immune (pronounced: ih-MYOON) system, which ...

  16. Thermal systems; Systemes thermiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lalot, S. [Valenciennes Univ. et du Hainaut Cambresis, LME, 59 (France); Lecoeuche, S. [Ecole des Mines de Douai, Dept. GIP, 59 - Douai (France)]|[Lille Univ. des Sciences et Technologies, 59 - Villeneuve d' Ascq (France); Ahmad, M.; Sallee, H.; Quenard, D. [CSTB, 38 - Saint Martin d' Heres (France); Bontemps, A. [Universite Joseph Fourier, LEGI/GRETh, 38 - Grenoble (France); Gascoin, N.; Gillard, P.; Bernard, S. [Laboratoire d' Energetique, Explosion, Structure, 18 - Bourges (France); Gascoin, N.; Toure, Y. [Laboratoire Vision et Robotique, 18 - Bourges (France); Daniau, E.; Bouchez, M. [MBDA, 18 - Bourges (France); Dobrovicescu, A.; Stanciu, D. [Bucarest Univ. Polytechnique, Faculte de Genie Mecanique (Romania); Stoian, M. [Reims Univ. Champagne Ardenne, Faculte des Sciences, UTAP/LTM, 51 (France); Bruch, A.; Fourmigue, J.F.; Colasson, S. [CEA Grenoble, Lab. Greth, 38 (France); Bontemps, A. [Universite Joseph Fourier, LEGI/GRETh, 38 - Grenoble (France); Voicu, I.; Mare, T.; Miriel, J. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), LGCGM, IUT, 35 - Rennes (France); Galanis, N. [Sherbrooke Univ., Genie Mecanique, QC (Canada); Nemer, M.; Clodic, D. [Ecole des Mines de Paris, Centre Energetique et Procedes, 75 (France); Lasbet, Y.; Auvity, B.; Castelain, C.; Peerhossaini, H. [Nantes Univ., Ecole Polytechnique, Lab. de Thermocinetiquede Nantes, UMR-CNRS 6607, 44 (France)

    2005-07-01

    This session about thermal systems gathers 26 articles dealing with: neural model of a compact heat exchanger; experimental study and numerical simulation of the thermal behaviour of test-cells with walls made of a combination of phase change materials and super-insulating materials; hydraulic and thermal modeling of a supercritical fluid with pyrolysis inside a heated channel: pre-dimensioning of an experimental study; energy analysis of the heat recovery devices of a cryogenic system; numerical simulation of the thermo-hydraulic behaviour of a supercritical CO{sub 2} flow inside a vertical tube; mixed convection inside dual-tube exchangers; development of a nodal approach with homogenization for the simulation of the brazing cycle of a heat exchanger; chaotic exchanger for the cooling of low temperature fuel cells; structural optimization of the internal fins of a cylindrical generator; a new experimental approach for the study of the local boiling inside the channels of exchangers with plates and fins; experimental study of the flow regimes of boiling hydrocarbons on a bundle of staggered tubes; energy study of heat recovery exchangers used in Claude-type refrigerating systems; general model of Carnot engine submitted to various operating constraints; the free pistons Stirling cogeneration system; natural gas supplied cogeneration system with polymer membrane fuel cell; influence of the CRN coating on the heat flux inside the tool during the wood unrolling process; transport and mixture of a passive scalar injected inside the wake of a Ahmed body; control of a laser welding-brazing process by infrared thermography; 2D self-adaptative method for contours detection: application to the images of an aniso-thermal jet; exergy and exergy-economical study of an 'Ericsson' engine-based micro-cogeneration system; simplified air-conditioning of telephone switching equipments; parametric study of the 'low-energy' individual dwelling; brief synthesis of

  17. Development of a Universal Networked Timer at NSTX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new Timing and Synchronization System component, the Universal Networked Timer (UNT), is under development at the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). The UNT is a second-generation multifunction timing device that emulates the timing functionality and electrical interfaces originally provided by various CAMAC modules. Using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology, each of the UNT's eight channels can be dynamically programmed to emulate a specific CAMAC module type. The timer is compatible with the existing NSTX timing and synchronization system and will also support a (future) clock system with extended performance. To assist system designers and collaborators, software will be written to integrate the UNT with EPICS, MDSplus, and LabVIEW. This paper will describe the timing capabilities, hardware design, programming/software support, and the current status of the Universal Networked Timer at NSTX

  18. Computer control for the CERN ISOLDE-3 project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ISOLDE-3 has been designed for fully integrated computer control from the beginning. Budget and manpower limitations required that we should use already existing CERN equipment to a large extent, both on the hardware and software side. A CAMAC integrated, multi-processor computer system (based on the Motorola 68000) with serial CAMAC transmission has been chosen. To ease programming by nonspecialists the interpretive language NODAL is extensively used. The control system has three consoles, each one driven by a 'mother crate' containing the microprocessors, the modules for the user interactions and the peripherals. For the time being there are no links between the 3 single-user, single-task systems. The criteria for the distribution of the various tasks are therefore to put in the same loop only systems which do not need simultaneous control. Particular emphasis was put on standardisation: all similar elements are controlled by the same hardware modules and standard software packages allow easy modifications and extensions. (orig.)

  19. Automation of the radiation measuring facilities for samples in health physics - MA 9

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Routine radation measurements of samples are performed by the HMI health physics department by means of test stations for individual samples and multiple samples (using a changing equipment). The basic device of these test stations is a SCALER/TIMER system (BF 22/25, BERTHOLD Corp.). This measuring facility has been extended by a CAMAC intrumentation which incorporates an autonomous CAMAC processor (CAPRO-1, INCAA B.V.) for monitoring an automatic control of the system. The programming language is BASIC. A DECwriter (LA 34) is used for user interaction and for printing the measurement results. This report describes the features of this system and present some examples of, the dialogue with the system and the printout of data. (orig.)

  20. Data Systems vs. Information Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Amatayakul, Margret K.

    1982-01-01

    This paper examines the current status of “hospital information systems” with respect to the distinction between data systems and information systems. It is proposed that the systems currently existing are incomplete data dystems resulting in ineffective information systems.

  1. The DELPHI barrel electromagnetic calorimeter flash ADC based digitizer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors describe the design and performance of an 8-bit Flash ADC based readout system developed for use on the cathode pads of the DELPHI High Density Projection Chamber (HPC). A dynamic range of 800:1 is obtained at input frequencies of 15 MHz using a bilinear voltage divider reference chain. Performance characteristics of the digitizing circuits for a CAMAC version of this readout system are presented. The design of a FASTBUS version is presented

  2. Computer control of the ISX-B neutral injection beamlines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system of controls for the Impurity Study Experiment (ISX-B) neutral injection beamlines at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is presented. The system uses standard CAMAC equipment interfaced to the actual beamline controls and driven by a PDP-11/34 mini-computer. It is designed to relieve the operator of most of the mundane tasks of beam injection and also to reduce the number of operators needed to monitor multiple beamlines

  3. A fast ADC scanner for multiparameter nuclear physics experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A fast readout system for multiparameter experiments in nuclear physics is described. The central part of the CAMAC aquisition hardware is an ADC scanner module. The scanner incorporates a new arbitration logic and direct memory access for simultaneous transfer of singles and correlated data. Together with specially designed ADC interfaces the system can be set up for any configuration of singles and multiparameter events from 1 up to 15 ADC's in one crate

  4. Computer-controlled testing and calibration of health physics instruments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A microcomputer-controlled CAMAC system has been adapted for automated testing and calibration of health physics survey instruments. Once the survey instrument is mounted, the system automatically performs tests for angular dependence or geometry dependence. Positioning the instruments is performed by a computer-controlled stepping motor, read-out is performed by an auto-ranging digital voltmeter, and data is stored on computer disks

  5. LONGITUDINAL DENSITY MODULATION OF UNSTABLE BUNCHES EMITTING COHERENT IR.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    PODOBEDOV,B.; CARR,G.L.; KRAMER,S.L.; MURPHY,J.B.

    2001-06-18

    Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) has embarked on a complete upgrade of its decade old computer system. The planned improvements affect every major component: processors (Intel Pentium replaces VAXes), operating system (Linux/Real-Time Linux supplants OpenVMS), and data acquisition equipment (fast Ethernet equipment replaces CAMAC serial highway.) This paper summarizes the strategies and progress of the upgrade along with plans for future expansion.

  6. Proceedings of the 10. International Symposium on Nuclear Electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report comprises lectures given at the X. International Symposium on Nuclear Electronics. The main topics are the following: improvement of detectors and measuring instruments with regard to higher resolution, stability and effectivity; further development of computerized systems and the application of CAMAC modules and their connection with minicomputers and microprocessors; electronic instrumentation for the automation of reactor and accelerator control systems. Volume I is divided in two sections. Section A: electronic instrumentation for accelerators and reactors. Section B: amplitude and time spectroscopy

  7. Harbor systems; Kowan system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yasumoto, K.; Mitsuhashi, M. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-03-10

    Container terminals these days are required to be enlarged, automated in operation, and enhanced in reliability so that they can properly deal with ships growing larger in size and containers increasing in number. Stable supply of electric power and efficient monitor and control of the related equipment are very important in securing stabilized, continuous operation for such container terminals. Outlined in this report are the electrical equipment of a modern container terminal and the large-capacity voltage fluctuation compensation unit delivered by Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., to West 5 Container Terminal, Nagoya Harbor. The electrical equipment of a terminal is a special high voltage reception/transformation facility capable of loop reception at 66kV. The 66kV cubicle type gas-insulated switch is provided with a current transformer for a sectionalized protection relay, current transformer for bus protection, and VCT bypass disconnector. The main transformer is a gas-insulated transformer, and a molded transformer is adopted for the special high voltage reception/transformation facility. The equipment monitor and control system employs a UNIX-base computer as the central processing system, and the information LAN is so designed as to be connectable to the Ethernet and P-link. 6 figs.

  8. Multibody Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Falko Jens

    1999-01-01

    Multibody Systems is one area, in which methods for solving DAEs are of special interst. This chapter is about multibody systems, why they result in DAE systems and what kind of problems that can arise when dealing with multibody systems and formulating their corresponding DAE system....

  9. Macintrotte

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In hierarchically structured control systems like the one at the PS accelerator complex, it is crucial to dispose of means for local interaction at several levels, for engineering purposes. A versatile and user-friendly device has been developed on the basis of Apple's Macintosh. The device may be used at four levels: autonomously, for checkout of single pieces of process equipment, through a mobile CAMAC crate; through one or more installed CAMAC crates of the control system, acting on entire subsystems of the process; as an intelligent terminal and file server, connecting directly to the microprocessor-based auxiliary crate controller in an installed crate of the controls system; as an intelligent terminal, connecting directly to the front-end process minicomputer

  10. Digestive System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Digestive System KidsHealth > For Parents > Digestive System Print A A ... body can absorb and use. About the Digestive System Almost all animals have a tube-type digestive ...

  11. Respiratory System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. The Respiratory System The respiratory system is made up of organs ... and the muscles that enable breathing. The Respiratory System Figure A shows the location of the respiratory ...

  12. Conceiving systems

    OpenAIRE

    Hitchins, D.K.

    1990-01-01

    The thesis is concerned with the development of innovative, robust design concepts for a class of systems called Information Decision Action (IDA) Systems. IDA systems are typified by Command and Control (C2) and Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (C3I) systems as used by police, emergency services and the military - the two titles refer respectively to the human activity and the technological systems. The class of systems is much wider, however, and includes, financial, traffi...

  13. System dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book introduces systems thinking and conceptual tool and modeling tool of dynamics system such as tragedy of single thinking, accessible way of system dynamics, feedback structure and causal loop diagram analysis, basic of system dynamics modeling, causal loop diagram and system dynamics modeling, information delay modeling, discovery and application for policy, modeling of crisis of agricultural and stock breeding products, dynamic model and lesson in ecosystem, development and decadence of cites and innovation of education forward system thinking.

  14. Design of Amplifier Circuit for the HT-7 Tokamak Thomson Scattering System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Lingwei; LING Bili; ZHAO Junyu; YANG Li; ZANG Qing; HU Qingsheng; JIA Yanqing

    2008-01-01

    Thomson scattering diagnostic is important for measuring electron temperature and density profiles. To improve the signal-to-noise ratio, a silicon avalanche photodiode (APD) with high quantum efficiency, high sensitivity, and high gain up to 100 was adopted to measure the Thomson scattering spectrum. A preamplifier, which has low noise, high bandwidth, and high sensitivity, was designed with suitable transimpedance. Using AD8367 as the post-amplifier, good performance of the APD readout electronics have been obtained. A discussion is presented on the performance of the amplifier using a laser diode to simulate the Thomson scattering light. The test results indicate that the designed circuit has a high amplifying factor and fast rising edge. So reduction of the integral gate of the CAMAC ADC converter can improve the signal-to-noise ratio.

  15. A low cost multi-hit time to digital converter system for drift chamber applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The time to digital converter (TDC) described here is of the common stop type; 16 channels are housed in a single CAMAC module. Minimum time bin width is 7 ns, full scale range is selectable to 6, 7 or 8 bits. Multiple hit capacity is >= 32 hits per wire. Time measurement is performed by one random access memory chip (RAM) per wire and a clocked scaler which is in common for 16 wires. Conversion time is 100 to 500 μs depending on the number of recognized hits and on the full range selected. Converted data are stored in a first-in - last-out memory for convenient computer read out. For operation, the module needs an external clock. (orig.)

  16. Software of the MIKAM-1 autonomous crate controller

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The resident software of the MIKAM-1 autonomous microprocessor crate controller is presented. The programming system is situated in a reprogramming constant storage device of the controller and may be used in an autonomous regime without complementary storage block. The system includes the monitor of interrupt service routine and the CAMAC service routines. The register formats and digit place purpose are pointed out. The list of address commands to internal controller registers is presented. The usage of given procedures is very convenient and reduces the user program size but the CAMAC operation time significantly increases due to their universality. The software may be also used in other microcomputers on the base of the Intel-8080 and Zilog-80 microprocessors

  17. Ed Watson - 1940-2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ed Watson passed away suddenly on 1 August in Geneva, he was 66. He leaves his wife and two children. Ed Watson arrived at CERN in March 1973 to work on digital electronics and CAMAC systems under Bob Dobinson, after many years at Rolls Royce in Scotland. He joined the European Muon Collaboration in 1976, where he played a major role in the design, deployment and running of its data acquisition system (DAQ) with David Botterill, Bob Dobinson, and Vicky White. The CAMAC-ROMULUS system was by far the largest and most advanced of its time, and it became a defining standard for DAQ systems for years to come. Ed was deeply involved in the detailed planning of the control rooms and the experiment cabling, as well as sharing the responsibility for the CAMAC readout system. He had a real talent for trouble shooting and played a vital part in supporting the experiment throughout its lifetime. He offered great moral support to the younger members of the collaboration and helped them a great deal with their work. The...

  18. Ed Watson 1940-2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ed Watson arrived at CERN in March 1973 to work on digital electronics and CAMAC systems under Bob Dobinson, after many years at Rolls Royce in Scotland. He joined the European Muon Collaboration in 1976, where he played a major role in the design, deployment and running of its data acquisition system (DAQ) with David Botterill, Bob Dobinson, and Vicky White. The CAMAC-ROMULUS system was by far the largest and most advanced of its time, and it became a defining standard for DAQ systems for years to come. Ed was deeply involved in the detailed planning of the control rooms and the experiment cabling, as well as sharing the responsibility for the CAMAC readout system. He had a real talent for trouble shooting and played a vital part in supporting the experiment throughout its lifetime. He offered great moral support to the younger members of the collaboration and helped them a great deal with their work. The EMC had a wonderful social life to which Ed was a major contributor - who can forget its barbecues?  In...

  19. LabVIEW DAQ for NE213 Neutron Detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A neutron spectroscopy system, based on a NE213 liquid scintillation detector, to be placed at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center to measure neutron spectra from a few MeV up to 800 MeV, beyond shielding. The NE213 scintillator, coupled with a Photomultiplier Tube (PMT), detects and converts radiation into current for signal processing. Signals are processed through Nuclear Instrument Modules (NIM) and Computer Automated Measurement and Control (CAMAC) modules. CAMAC is a computer automated data acquisition and handling system. Pulses are properly prepared and fed into an analog to digital converter (ADC), a standard CAMAC module. The ADC classifies the incoming analog pulses into 1 of 2048 digital channels. Data acquisition (DAQ) software based on LabVIEW, version 7.0, acquires and organizes data from the CAMAC ADC. The DAQ system presents a spectrum showing a relationship between pulse events and respective charge (digital channel number). Various photon sources, such as Co-60, Y-88, and AmBe-241, are used to calibrate the NE213 detector. For each source, a Compton edge and reference energy [units of MeVee] is obtained. A complete calibration curve results (at a given applied voltage to the PMT and pre-amplification gain) when the Compton edge and reference energy for each source is plotted. This project is focused to development of a DAQ system and control setup to collect and process information from a NE213 liquid scintillation detector. A manual is created to document the process of the development and interpretation of the LabVIEW-based DAQ system. Future high-energy neutron measurements can be referenced and normalized according to this calibration curve

  20. Systems effectiveness

    CERN Document Server

    Habayeb, A R

    1987-01-01

    Highlights three principal applications of system effectiveness: hardware system evaluation, organizational development and evaluation, and conflict analysis. The text emphasizes the commonality of the system effectiveness discipline. The first part of the work presents a framework for system effectiveness, partitioning and hierarchy of hardware systems. The second part covers the structure, hierarchy, states, functions and activities of organizations. Contains an extended Appendix on mathematical concepts and also several project suggestions.

  1. Auxiliary systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Systems included under the heading ''Reactor Auxillary Systems'' are those immediately involved with the reactor operation. These include the systems for dosing and letdown of reactor coolant, as well as for the chemical dosing, purification and treatment of the reactor coolant and the cooling system in the controlled area. The ancillary systems are mainly responsible for liquid and gaseous treatment and the waste treatment for final storage. (orig.)

  2. Position sensitive detector of magnetically charged particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two variants of coordinate detectors of magnetically charged paticles based on the utilization of transducers with Josephson transitions are proposed. The system of data acquisition and processing is built up in the CAMAC standard. The helium cryostat diagram is presented. The detector resolution time and dead time constitute 1 μs. Methods of detection of magnetically charged particles used in the above detectors are expected to be more effective, as compared to ionization method and other indirect methods

  3. LabVIEW Data Acquisition for NE213 Neutron Detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A neutron spectroscopy system based on a NE213 liquid scintillation detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center measures neutron energies from a few MeV up to 800 MeV. The neutrons are produced from the electron beam and target interactions. The NE 213 scintillator, coupled with a Photomultiplier Tube (PMT), detects and converts radiation into electric pulses for signal processing. Signals are processed through Nuclear Instrument Modules (NIM) and Computer Automated Measurement and Control (CAMAC) modules. The processed pulses are then fed into a CAMAC analog to digital converter module (ADC). The ADC classifies the incoming analog pulses into one of 2048 digital channels. Data acquisition (DAQ) software based on LabVIEW version 7.0 acquires and organizes data from the CAMAC ADC. The DAQ system presents a spectrum showing a relationship between pulse events and respective charge (digital channel number). Various photon sources, such as Co-60, Y-88, and AmBe-241, are used to calibrate the NE213 detector. For each source, a Compton edge and reference energy in MeVee is obtained, resulting in a calibration curve. This project is focused on the development of a DAQ system and control setup to collect and process information from a NE213 liquid scintillation detector. A manual is also created to document the process of the development and interpretation of the LabVIEW-based DAQ system

  4. Stem system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shajmardanova L.R.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the stem cells from the point of view of systemic anatomy, where they are united into an entire stem system. This integration shows various advantages for better understanding the stem cells role in the body. Authors, considering functions and action mechanism of stem cells, phylogeny, ontogeny, regulation of functions, explain the base for stem cells system existance. The definition and terminology, age peculiarities, relationship with other systems of organs and differences are offered. The theoretical proof of primary-integrative role of stem system is provided for all other systems in body. Of particular importance is the role of stem system as a link between neural and endocrine systems. The work helps to sistematize data on investigations of stem cells, their entire-system perception, that will ease the goals determining for further research and their clinical use.

  5. Auxiliary systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For a undisturbed reactor operation, the various Auxiliary and Ancillary Systems must function perfectly with the Reactor Coolant System together. While the Auxiliary Systems are directly connected to the Reactor Coolant System and therefore have contact with the Reactor Coolant, the Ancillary Systems perform tasks which do not directly influence reactor operation and in part are necessary exclusively for environment protection. The design criteria of the individual systems are a result of these tasks, especially in relation to availability, operational readiness and probability of failure. (orig.)

  6. Data acquisition and control network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have participated in the construction of the CELLO detector on the PETRA e+e- Collider in Hamburg in order to test some of the current high energy physics theories. Some 60.000 channels collecting the detector informations are connected to the main computer through the CAMAC acquisition system and specialized ROMULUS subsystems. Each of these subsystems is monitored by its dedicated microprocessor using a CAMAC dataway spy module. All these microprocessors are connected to the main computer through a ''STAR'' type network. Data are read out by the main computer (PDP11-45) and concentrated in a circular type buffer. They are then filtered and transfered to a PDP11-55, also in the network, for storing

  7. The upgraded Tevatron front end

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are replacing the computers which support the CAMAC crates in the Fermilab accelerator control system. We want a significant performance increase, but we still want to be able to service scores of different varieties of CAMAC cards in a manner essentially transparent to console applications software. Our new architecture is based on symmetric multiprocessing. Several processors on the same bus, each running identical software, work simultaneously at satisfying different pieces of a console's request for data. We dynamically adjust the load between the processors. We can obtain more processing power by simply plugging in more processor cards and rebooting. We describe in this paper what we believe to be the interesting architectural features of the new front-end computers. We also note how we use some of the advanced features of the MultibusTM II bus and the Intel 80386 processor design to achieve reliability and expandability of both hardware and software. (orig.)

  8. Lymph system

    Science.gov (United States)

    The lymph system is a network of organs, lymph nodes, lymph ducts, and lymph vessels that make and move lymph from tissues to the bloodstream. The lymph system is a major part of the body's immune ...

  9. Intelligent Systems

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The autonomous systems (AS) project, led by NASA Ames, is developing software for system operation automation. AS technology will help astronauts make more...

  10. Retrofitting Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jørgen

    1997-01-01

    This report gives an overview of the different retrofitting possibilities that are available today. The report looks at both external and internal systems for external wall constructions, roof constructions, floor constructions and foundations. All systems are described in detail in respect to use...... and methods, and the efficiency of the different systems are discussed....

  11. Systems Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellerano, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    This short course provides information on what systems engineering is and how the systems engineer guides requirements, interfaces with the discipline leads, and resolves technical issues. There are many system-wide issues that either impact or are impacted by the thermal subsystem. This course will introduce these issues and illustrate them with real life examples.

  12. Multifunction system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development, the characteristics and the applications of a multifunction system are presented. The system is used on the RBES laboratory pipes, at Marcoule. The system was developed in order to allow, without time loss, the modification of the circuit function by replacing only one component. The following elements form the multifunction system: a fixed base, which is part of the tube, a removable piece, which is inserted into the base, a cover plate and its locking system. The material, chosen among commercial trade marks, required small modifications in order to be used in the circuit

  13. Operating systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tsichritzis, Dionysios C; Rheinboldt, Werner

    1974-01-01

    Operating Systems deals with the fundamental concepts and principles that govern the behavior of operating systems. Many issues regarding the structure of operating systems, including the problems of managing processes, processors, and memory, are examined. Various aspects of operating systems are also discussed, from input-output and files to security, protection, reliability, design methods, performance evaluation, and implementation methods.Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of what constitutes an operating system, followed by a discussion on the definition and pr

  14. Cryogenic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosoyama, Kenji

    2002-02-01

    In this lecture we discuss the principle of method of cooling to a very low temperature, i.e. cryogenic. The "gas molecular model" will be introduced to explain the mechanism cooling by the expansion engine and the Joule-Thomson expansion valve. These two expansion processes are normally used in helium refrigeration systems to cool the process gas to cryogenic temperature. The reverse Carnot cycle will be discussed in detail as an ideal refrigeration cycle. First the fundamental process of liquefaction and refrigeration cycles will be discussed, and then the practical helium refrigeration system. The process flow of the system and the key components; -compressor, expander, and heat exchanger- will be discussed. As an example of an actual refrigeration system, we will use the cryogenic system for the KEKB superconducting RF cavity. We will also discuss the liquid helium distribution system, which is very important, especially for the cryogenic systems used in accelerator applications. 1 Principles of Cooling and Fundamental Cooling Cycle 2 Expansion engine, Joule-Thomson expansion, kinetic molecular theory, and enthalpy 3 Liquefaction Systems 4 Refrigeration Systems 5 Practical helium liquefier/refrigeration system 6 Cryogenic System for TRISTAN Superconducting RF Cavity

  15. A systemic risk warning system

    OpenAIRE

    Sibert, Anne

    2010-01-01

    Economists largely neglected systemic risk in the financial sector. This column discusses how governments should gather data about systemic risk and assess its implications. It says the new European Systemic Risk Board is far from the ideal – it is too big, too homogeneous, and lacks independence.

  16. Global Event-identifier Module: A distributed digital approach to event-of-interest identification logic for physics experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The demands from current data acquisition systems are to acquire data from a large number of detectors (or signals) while providing a high throughput. This can be achieved by having some preprocessing capability in the data acquisition system so that it can identify the events of interest. Precise selection of events with minimal time for identification and preprocessing is an experimental challenge. To address this challenge, we have developed a ''Global Event-identifier Module'' (GEM) on the CAMAC platform, which can flexibly adapt to the experimental requirements and validate an event with minimal time. GEM is a single width CAMAC module capable of operating in a ''distributed'' data acquisition environment where multiple CAMAC crates (each with one GEM module) can be used to collect synchronized data from all the crates. Event-of-interest decision can be made on signals connected to different crates. Inter-GEM communication is via the ubiquitous ethernet (unshielded twisted pair, CAT5) cable. The event of interest is decided within 32 ns (excluding cable delay). Implementation is accomplished using field programmable gate array which enables greater flexibility for algorithm modifications and updates without hardware changes. GEM supports unified, distributed, and multi-strobe data acquisition, enabling higher throughput, with data collection from a large number of signals by selective reads of events of interest as determined by the experimenter while providing timestamped data of each event.

  17. Material Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mads Brath; Mortensen, Henrik Rubæk; Mullins, Michael;

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes and reflects upon the results of an investigative project which explores the setting up of a material system - a parametric and generative assembly consisting of and taking into consideration material properties, manufacturing constraints and geometric behavior. The project...... approaches the subject through the construction of a logic-driven system aiming to explore the possibilities of a material system that fulfills spatial, structural and performative requirements concurrently and how these are negotiated in situations where they might be conflicting....

  18. Cognitive Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Larsen, Jan

    2008-01-01

    The tutorial will discuss the definition of cognitive systems as the possibilities to extend the current systems engineering paradigm in order to perceive, learn, reason and interact robustly in open-ended changing environments. I will also address cognitive systems in a historical perspective and its relation and potential over current artificial intelligence architectures. Machine learning models that learn from data and previous knowledge will play an increasingly important role in all lev...

  19. Recommender systems

    CERN Document Server

    Kembellec, Gérald; Saleh, Imad

    2014-01-01

    Acclaimed by various content platforms (books, music, movies) and auction sites online, recommendation systems are key elements of digital strategies. If development was originally intended for the performance of information systems, the issues are now massively moved on logical optimization of the customer relationship, with the main objective to maximize potential sales. On the transdisciplinary approach, engines and recommender systems brings together contributions linking information science and communications, marketing, sociology, mathematics and computing. It deals with the understan

  20. Geothermal systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohl, C.

    1978-01-01

    Several tasks of JPL related to geothermal energy are discussed. The major task is the procurement and test and evaluation of a helical screw drive (wellhead unit). A general review of geothermal energy systems is given. The presentation focuses attention on geothermal reservoirs in California, with graphs and charts to support the discussion. Included are discussions on cost analysis, systems maintenance, and a comparison of geothermal and conventional heating and cooling systems.

  1. Intelligent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Irwin, J David

    2011-01-01

    Technology has now progressed to the point that intelligent systems are replacing humans in the decision making processes as well as aiding in the solution of very complex problems. In many cases intelligent systems are already outperforming human activities. Artificial neural networks are not only capable of learning how to classify patterns, such images or sequence of events, but they can also effectively model complex nonlinear systems. Their ability to classify sequences of events is probably more popular in industrial applications where there is an inherent need to model nonlinear system

  2. Energetic Systems

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Energetic Systems Division provides full-spectrum energetic engineering services (project management, design, analysis, production support, in-service support,...

  3. Monitoring system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The patent relates to monitoring systems for, and a method of monitoring, industrial process plants or apparatus. The system monitors a plurality of data signals representing a number of parameters of a plant or apparatus. One application of the invention is in nuclear reactors for the detection of fault conditions. (U.K.)

  4. cardiovascular system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    6.1 Cardiac arrhythmias 2006037 Electroanatomical systems guided circumferential pulmonary veins ablation for atrial fibrillation: initial experience from comparison between the EnSite -NavX and CARTO system LIU Xu(刘旭 ), et al. Dept Cardiol, Shanghai Chest Hosp, Shanghai, 200030, China. Chin J Cardiol 2005; 33 (22): 975 -978.

  5. Creative Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manelius, Anne-Mette; Beim, Anne

    2007-01-01

    Opsamling af diskussioner på konferencen og udstillingen Creative Systems i september/oktober 2007. Konferencen og Udstillingen Creative Systems sætter fokus på systemer som en positiv drivkraft i den kreative skabelsesproces. CINARK inviterede fire internationale kapaciteter, som indenfor hver...... deres felt har beskæftiget sig med udviklingen af systemer. Kieran Timberlake, markant amerikansk tegnestue; Mark West, Professor på University of Manitoba, Canada, og pioner indenfor anvendelse af tekstilforskalling til betonstøbninger; Matilda McQuaid, Arkitekturhistoriker og kurator på udstillingen...... om Extreme Textiles på amerikanske Cooper Hewit Design Museum, samt Professor Ludger Hovestadt, ved ETH, Zürich der fokuserer på udvikling og anvendelse af logaritmiske systemtilgange. Udstillingen diskuterede ud fra deres meget forskellige arbejder, det kreative potentiale i anvendelsen af systemer...

  6. Power system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickam, Christopher Dale

    2008-03-18

    A power system includes a prime mover, a transmission, and a fluid coupler having a selectively engageable lockup clutch. The fluid coupler may be drivingly connected between the prime mover and the transmission. Additionally, the power system may include a motor/generator drivingly connected to at least one of the prime mover and the transmission. The power-system may also include power-system controls configured to execute a control method. The control method may include selecting one of a plurality of modes of operation of the power system. Additionally, the control method may include controlling the operating state of the lockup clutch dependent upon the mode of operation selected. The control method may also include controlling the operating state of the motor/generator dependent upon the mode of operation selected.

  7. Reactive Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aceto, Luca; Ingolfsdottir, Anna; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand;

    A reactive system comprises networks of computing components, achieving their goals through interaction among themselves and their environment. Thus even relatively small systems may exhibit unexpectedly complex behaviours. As moreover reactive systems are often used in safety critical systems......, the need for mathematically based formal methodology is increasingly important. There are many books that look at particular methodologies for such systems. This book offers a more balanced introduction for graduate students and describes the various approaches, their strengths and weaknesses, and when...... they are best used. Milner's CCS and its operational semantics are introduced, together with the notions of behavioural equivalences based on bisimulation techniques and with recursive extensions of Hennessy-Milner logic. In the second part of the book, the presented theories are extended to take timing issues...

  8. Upgraded RECOVER system - CASDAC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CASDAC (Containment And Surveillance Data Authenticated Communication) system has been developed by JAERI for nuclear safeguards and physical protection of nuclear material. This system was designed and constructed as an upgraded RECOVER system, design concept of which was based on the original RECOVER system and also the TRANSEAVER system. Both of them were developed several years ago as a remote monitoring system for continual verification of security and safeguards status of nuclear material. The system consists of two subsystems, one of them is a Grand Command Center (GCC) subsystem and the other is a facility subsystem. Communication between the two subsystems is controlled through the international telephone line network. Therefore all communication data are encrypted to prevent access by an unauthorized person who may intend to make a falsification, or tapping. The facility subsystem has an appropriate measure that ensure data security and reliable operation under unattended mode of operator. The software of this system is designed so as to be easily used in other different types of computers. This report describes the outline of the CASDAC system and the results of its performance test. This work has been carried out in the framework of Japan Support Programme for Agency Safeguards (JASPAS) as a project, JA-1. (author)

  9. Water systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present paper describes the coolant chemistry and its consequences for 1300 MWsub(e) KWU PWR plants. Some selected systems, i.e. primary heat transport system, steam water cycle and cooling water arrangements, are chosen for this description. Various aspects of coolant chemistry regarding general corrosion, selective types of corrosion and deposits on heat transfer surfaces have been discussed. The water supply systems necessary to fulfill the requirements of the coolant chemistry are discussed as well. It has been concluded that a good operating performance can only be achieved when - beside other factors - the water chemistry has been given sufficient consideration. (orig./RW)

  10. Water systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present paper describes the coolant chemistry and its consequences for 1300 MWsub(e) KWU PWR plants. Some selected systems, i.e. primary heat transport system, steam water cycle and cooling water arrangements, are chosen for this description. Various aspects of coolant chemistry regarding general corrosion, selective types of corrosion and deposits on heat transfer surface have been discussed. The water supply systems necessary to fulfill the requirements of the coolant chemistry are discussed as well. It has been concluded that a good operating performance can only be achieved when - beside other factors - the water chemistry has been given sufficient consideration. (orig./RW)

  11. Dynamical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Sternberg, Shlomo

    2010-01-01

    Celebrated mathematician Shlomo Sternberg, a pioneer in the field of dynamical systems, created this modern one-semester introduction to the subject for his classes at Harvard University. Its wide-ranging treatment covers one-dimensional dynamics, differential equations, random walks, iterated function systems, symbolic dynamics, and Markov chains. Supplementary materials offer a variety of online components, including PowerPoint lecture slides for professors and MATLAB exercises.""Even though there are many dynamical systems books on the market, this book is bound to become a classic. The the

  12. Physical Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Belkind, Ori

    2012-01-01

    Based on the concept of a physical system, this book offers a new philosophical interpretation of classical mechanics and the Special Theory of Relativity. According to Belkind's view the role of physical theory is to describe the motions of the parts of a physical system in relation to the motions of the whole. This approach provides a new perspective into the foundations of physical theory, where motions of parts and wholes of physical systems are taken to be fundamental, prior to spacetime, material properties and laws of motion. He defends this claim with a constructive project, deriving b

  13. Creative systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne

    2007-01-01

    At udvikle systemer har altid været et væsentligt element i den arkitektoniske skabelsesproces. Systemer er ikke nødvendigvis begrænsninger, men kan ses som positive faktorer i skabelses og fremstillinsprocessen. Center for Industriel Arkitektur, Cinark, har afholdt en international konference, en...... workshop og en udstilling under overskriften; Creative Systems. Artiklen præsenterer de fire oplægsholdere Matilda McQuaid, Mark West, Stephen Kieran og Ludger Hovestadt og en række diskussionstemaer....

  14. The systems integration modeling system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the systems integration modeling system (SIMS), an analysis tool for the detailed evaluation of the structure and related performance of the Federal Waste Management System (FWMS) and its interface with waste generators. It's use for evaluations in support of system-level decisions as to FWMS configurations, the allocation, sizing, balancing and integration of functions among elements, and the establishment of system-preferred waste selection and sequencing methods and other operating strategies is presented. SIMS includes major analysis submodels which quantify the detailed characteristics of individual waste items, loaded casks and waste packages, simulate the detailed logistics of handling and processing discrete waste items and packages, and perform detailed cost evaluations

  15. Bubble systems

    CERN Document Server

    Avdeev, Alexander A

    2016-01-01

    This monograph presents a systematic analysis of bubble system mathematics, using the mechanics of two-phase systems in non-equilibrium as the scope of analysis. The author introduces the thermodynamic foundations of bubble systems, ranging from the fundamental starting points to current research challenges. This book addresses a range of topics, including description methods of multi-phase systems, boundary and initial conditions as well as coupling requirements at the phase boundary. Moreover, it presents a detailed study of the basic problems of bubble dynamics in a liquid mass: growth (dynamically and thermally controlled), collapse, bubble pulsations, bubble rise and breakup. Special emphasis is placed on bubble dynamics in turbulent flows. The analysis results are used to write integral equations governing the rate of vapor generation (condensation) in non-equilibrium flows, thus creating a basis for solving a number of practical problems. This book is the first to present a comprehensive theory of boil...

  16. Avionics Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.M. Soundar Rajan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ‘Avionics’ systems, over the decades, have grown from simple communication radios and navigation equipments to complex integrated equipments primarily infiuenced by dominance of digital technology. Continuous growth in integrated circuit technology, functional integration of complete system on chip, very high speed communication channels and fault tolerant communication protocols have brought remarkable advancements in avionics systems. Further Mechanical and Pneumatic functional blocks are being replaced by digital systems progressively and decisively. New generation aircraft are being built around powerful avionics assets to provide stress free cockpit to the pilot.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(2, pp.129-130, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.4269

  17. Cognitive Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The tutorial will discuss the definition of cognitive systems as the possibilities to extend the current systems engineering paradigm in order to perceive, learn, reason and interact robustly in open-ended changing environments. I will also address cognitive systems in a historical perspective and...... its relation and potential over current artificial intelligence architectures. Machine learning models that learn from data and previous knowledge will play an increasingly important role in all levels of cognition as large real world digital environments (such as the Internet) usually are too complex...... to be modeled within a limited set of predefined specifications. There will inevitably be a need for robust decisions and behaviors in novel situations that include handling of conflicts and ambiguities based on the capability and knowledge of the artificial cognitive system. Further, there is a need...

  18. AEG System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The AEG System is used to create, revise, approve, and distribute text of the AEGS and Flight Standard Board (FSB)/Type Rating Report. The MMEL specifies under what...

  19. System zeros

    OpenAIRE

    Smagina, Ye. M.

    2006-01-01

    The present book is the first publication in English considered the modern problems of control theory and analysis connected with a concept of system zeros. The previous book by Ye.M. Smagina (1990) had been written in Russian and it is inaccessible to English speaking researchers. The purpose of the offered book is to systematize and consistently to state basic theoretical results connected with properties of multivariable system zeros. Different zeros definitions and different types of zero...

  20. Expert Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas, P.J.F.

    2005-01-01

    Expert systems mimic the problem-solving activity of human experts in specialized domains by capturing and representing expert knowledge. Expert systems include a knowledge base, an inference engine that derives conclusions from the knowledge, and a user interface. Knowledge may be stored as if-then rules, orusing other formalisms such as frames and predicate logic. Uncertain knowledge may be represented using certainty factors, Bayesian networks, Dempster-Shafer belief functions, or fuzzy se...

  1. Systems Thinkers

    OpenAIRE

    Ramage, Magnus; Shipp, Karen

    2009-01-01

    Systems Thinkers presents a biographical history of the field of systems thinking, by examining the life and work of thirty of its major thinkers. It discusses each thinker's key contributions, the way this contribution was expressed in practice and the relationship between their life and ideas. This discussion is supported by an extract from the thinker's own writing, to give a flavour of their work and to give readers a sense of which thinkers are most relevant to their own interests. ...

  2. Systems studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Systems Studies Activity had two objectives: (1) to investigate nontechnical barriers to the deployment of biomass production and supply systems and (2) to enhance and extend existing systems models of bioenergy supply and use. For the first objective, the Activity focused on existing bioenergy markets. Four projects were undertaken: a comparative analysis of bioenergy in Sweden and Austria; a one-day workshop on nontechnical barriers jointly supported by the Production Systems Activity, the development and testing of a framework for analyzing barriers and drivers to bioenergy markets; and surveys of wood pellet users in Sweden, Austria and the U.S.A. For the second objective, two projects were undertaken. First, the Activity worked with the Integrated Bioenergy Systems (IBS) Activity of IEA Bioenergy Task XIII to enhance the BioEnergy Assessment Model (BEAM). This model is documented in the final report of the IBS Activity. The Systems Studies Activity contributed to enhancing the feedstock portion of the model by developing a coherent set of willow, poplar, and switchgrass production modules relevant to both the U.S.A. and the U.K. The Activity also developed a pretreatment module for switchgrass. Second, the Activity sponsored a three-day workshop on modelling bioenergy systems with the objectives of providing an overview of the types of models used to evaluate bioenergy and promoting communication among bioenergy modelers. There were nine guest speakers addressing different types of models used to evaluate different aspects of bioenergy, ranging from techno-economic models based on the ASPEN software to linear programming models to develop feedstock supply curves for the U.S.A. The papers from this workshop have been submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy and are under editorial review 8 refs, 10 tabs

  3. Systems Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, R.L.

    1998-03-17

    The Systems Studies Activity had two objectives: (1) to investigate nontechnical barriers to the deployment of biomass production and supply systems and (2) to enhance and extend existing systems models of bioenergy supply and use. For the first objective, the Activity focused on existing bioenergy markets. Four projects were undertaken: a comparative analysis of bioenergy in Sweden and Austria; a one-day workshop on nontechnical barriers jointly supported by the Production Systems Activity; the development and testing of a framework for analyzing barriers and drivers to bioenergy markets; and surveys of wood pellet users in Sweden, Austria and the US. For the second objective, two projects were undertaken. First, the Activity worked with the Integrated BioEnergy Systems (TBS) Activity of TEA Bioenergy Task XIII to enhance the BioEnergy Assessment Model (BEAM). This model is documented in the final report of the IBS Activity. The Systems Studies Activity contributed to enhancing the feedstock portion of the model by developing a coherent set of willow, poplar, and switchgrass production modules relevant to both the US and the UK. The Activity also developed a pretreatment module for switchgrass. Second, the Activity sponsored a three-day workshop on modeling bioenergy systems with the objectives of providing an overview of the types of models used to evaluate bioenergy and promoting communication among bioenergy modelers. There were nine guest speakers addressing different types of models used to evaluate different aspects of bioenergy, ranging from technoeconomic models based on the ASPEN software to linear programming models to develop feedstock supply curves for the US. The papers from this workshop have been submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy and are under editorial review.

  4. Fiscal system analysis - contractual systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Production sharing contracts are one of the most popular forms of contractual system used in petroleum agreements around the world, but the manner in which the fiscal terms and contract parameters impact system measures is complicated and not well understood. The purpose of this paper is to quantify the influence of private and market uncertainty in contractual fiscal systems. A meta-modelling approach is employed that couples the results of a simulation model with regression analysis to construct numerical functionals that quantify the fiscal regime. Relationships are derived that specify how the present value, rate of return, and take statistics vary as a function of the system parameters. The deepwater Girassol field development in Angola is taken as a case study. (author)

  5. Systemic trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, Rachel E; Martin, Christina Gamache; Smith, Carly Parnitzke

    2014-01-01

    Substantial theoretical, empirical, and clinical work examines trauma as it relates to individual victims and perpetrators. As trauma professionals, it is necessary to acknowledge facets of institutions, cultures, and communities that contribute to trauma and subsequent outcomes. Systemic trauma-contextual features of environments and institutions that give rise to trauma, maintain it, and impact posttraumatic responses-provides a framework for considering the full range of traumatic phenomena. The current issue of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation is composed of articles that incorporate systemic approaches to trauma. This perspective extends conceptualizations of trauma to consider the influence of environments such as schools and universities, churches and other religious institutions, the military, workplace settings, hospitals, jails, and prisons; agencies and systems such as police, foster care, immigration, federal assistance, disaster management, and the media; conflicts involving war, torture, terrorism, and refugees; dynamics of racism, sexism, discrimination, bullying, and homophobia; and issues pertaining to conceptualizations, measurement, methodology, teaching, and intervention. Although it may be challenging to expand psychological and psychiatric paradigms of trauma, a systemic trauma perspective is necessary on both scientific and ethical grounds. Furthermore, a systemic trauma perspective reflects current approaches in the fields of global health, nursing, social work, and human rights. Empirical investigations and intervention science informed by this paradigm have the potential to advance scientific inquiry, lower the incidence of a broader range of traumatic experiences, and help to alleviate personal and societal suffering. PMID:24617751

  6. Memory systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolk, David A; Budson, Andrew E

    2010-08-01

    Converging evidence from patient and neuroimaging studies suggests that memory is a collection of abilities that use different neuroanatomic systems. Neurologic injury may impair one or more of these memory systems. Episodic memory allows us to mentally travel back in time and relive an episode of our life. Episodic memory depends on the hippocampus, other medial temporal lobe structures, the limbic system, and the frontal lobes, as well as several other brain regions. Semantic memory provides our general knowledge about the world and is unconnected to any specific episode of our life. Although semantic memory likely involves much of the neocortex, the inferolateral temporal lobes (particularly the left) are most important. Procedural memory enables us to learn cognitive and behavioral skills and algorithms that operate at an automatic, unconscious level. Damage to the basal ganglia, cerebellum, and supplementary motor area often impair procedural memory. PMID:22810510

  7. Turbine system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMahan, Kevin Weston; Dillard, Daniel Jackson

    2016-05-03

    A turbine system is disclosed. The turbine system includes a transition duct having an inlet, an outlet, and a passage extending between the inlet and the outlet and defining a longitudinal axis, a radial axis, and a tangential axis. The outlet of the transition duct is offset from the inlet along the longitudinal axis and the tangential axis. The turbine system further includes a turbine section connected to the transition duct. The turbine section includes a plurality of shroud blocks at least partially defining a hot gas path, a plurality of buckets at least partially disposed in the hot gas path, and a plurality of nozzles at least partially disposed in the hot gas path. At least one of a shroud block, a bucket, or a nozzle includes means for withstanding high temperatures.

  8. System Description:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Poswolsky, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Delphin is a functional programming language [Adam Poswolsky and Carsten Schürmann. Practical programming with higher-order encodings and dependent types. In European Symposium on Programming (ESOP), 2008] utilizing dependent higher-order datatypes. Delphin's two-level type-system cleanly separates...... data from computation, allowing for decidable type checking. The data level is LF [Robert Harper, Furio Honsell, and Gordon Plotkin. A framework for defining logics. Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, 40(1):143-184, January 1993], which allows for the specification of deductive systems...

  9. Kreative systemer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manelius, Anne-Mette

    2007-01-01

    Artikel med eksempler på armerede teglhvælv produceret i hængende tekstiler ud fra kædebueprincipper og inspireret af Eladio Dieste. Beskriver desuden konferencen og udstillingen Creative Systems på KA september 2007......Artikel med eksempler på armerede teglhvælv produceret i hængende tekstiler ud fra kædebueprincipper og inspireret af Eladio Dieste. Beskriver desuden konferencen og udstillingen Creative Systems på KA september 2007...

  10. Computer systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Lola

    1992-01-01

    In addition to the discussions, Ocean Climate Data Workshop hosts gave participants an opportunity to hear about, see, and test for themselves some of the latest computer tools now available for those studying climate change and the oceans. Six speakers described computer systems and their functions. The introductory talks were followed by demonstrations to small groups of participants and some opportunities for participants to get hands-on experience. After this familiarization period, attendees were invited to return during the course of the Workshop and have one-on-one discussions and further hands-on experience with these systems. Brief summaries or abstracts of introductory presentations are addressed.

  11. Communication systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives a survey of the field of data communication. The topics covered are: Types of communication, protocols, communication control systems, communication equipment and techniques, and types of data nets. Further, some of the data nets in use today, and the techniques applied in their implementation, are described. The intent of the paper is not to give an in-depth analysis of the various data communication techniques; rather, to describe the principles and problems involved in the construction of a state-of-the-art communication system. (Auth.)

  12. Lindenmayer Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honkala, Juha

    The theory of Lindenmayer systems studies free monoid morphisms, free monoid substitutions and their iterations. In this chapter, we discuss similar ideas in a more general framework. Instead of a free monoid, we consider the free semi-algebra S consisting of polynomials with non-commuting variables in Σ and coefficients in a semiring S and we study the iteration of endomorphisms of S. We allow various modes of iteration and we consider various classes of morphisms. Classical L systems are obtained as special cases by taking S to be the Boolean semiring. Our approach also generalizes the theory of algebraic series in noncommuting variables.

  13. Microbiology System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Technology originating in a NASA-sponsored study of the measurement of microbial growth in zero gravity led to the development of Biomerieux Vitek, Inc.'s VITEK system. VITEK provides a physician with accurate diagnostic information and identifies the most effective medication. Test cards are employed to identify organisms and determine susceptibility to antibiotics. A photo-optical scanner scans the card and monitors changes in the growth of cells contained within the card. There are two configurations - VITEK and VITEK JR as well as VIDAS, a companion system that detects bacteria, viruses, etc. from patient specimens. The company was originally created by McDonnell Douglas, the NASA contractor.

  14. Neuromodulatory Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard eWerner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We examine the interactions and interdependencies between Neuroglia, the Brain-Cell Microenvironment, and the processes commonly subsumed under Neuromodulation. The interactions of the component processes covering a wide spectrum of frequencies are designated as Neuromodulatory Systems (NMS. This implies NMS's scale-invariance as the capacity of linking actions across many time scales, and self-similarity at any scale. These features endow NMS with the ability to respond adaptively to neural impulse traffic of an unpredictably wide frequency spectrum. In this preliminary perspective, the components of NMS are only outlined based on concepts of Complex Systems Dynamics. However, their interactions must be formally elaborated in further investigations.

  15. Irrigation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Under contract with Marshall Space Flight Center, Midwest Research Institute compiled a Lubrication Handbook intended as a reference source for designers and manufacturers of aerospace hardware and crews responsible for maintenance of such equipment. Engineers of Lindsay Manufacturing Company learned of this handbook through NASA Tech Briefs and used it for supplemental information in redesigning gear boxes for their center pivot agricultural irrigation system.

  16. Systemic Planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leleur, Steen

    This book presents principles and methodology for planning in a complex world. It sets out a so-called systemic approach to planning, among other things, by applying “hard” and “soft” methodologies and methods in combination. The book is written for Ph.D and graduate students in engineering...

  17. Superpave System

    OpenAIRE

    ECT Team, Purdue

    2007-01-01

    The Superpave is the acronym for 'SUperior PERforming Asphalt PAVEments' system. It was developed by Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) to give highway engineers and contractors the tools they need to design asphalt pavements that will perform better under extremes of temperature and heavy traffic loads.

  18. Solar system

    CERN Document Server

    Homer, Charlene

    2007-01-01

    Thrill young astronomers with a journey through our Solar System. Find out all about the Inner and Outer Planets, the Moon, Stars, Constellations, Asteroids, Meteors and Comets. Using simplified language and vocabulary, concepts such as planetary orbits, the asteroid belt, the lunar cycle and phases of the moon, and shooting stars are all explored.

  19. Immune System

    Science.gov (United States)

    A properly functioning immune system is essential to good health. It defends the body against infectious agents and in some cases tumor cells. Individuals with immune deficiencies resulting from genetic defects, diseases (e.g., AIDS, leukemia), or drug therapies are more suscepti...

  20. Hierarchical systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamers, A.S.

    2016-01-01

    The thesis addresses the long-term dynamical evolution of hierarchical multiple systems. First, we consider the evolution of orbits of stars orbiting a supermassive black hole (SBH). We study the long-term evolution and compute tidal disruption rates of stars by the SBH. Such disruption events revea

  1. Energy systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Up to the present the production, transmission and distribution of energy has been considered mostly as a fragmented problem; at best only subsystems have been considered. Today the scale of energy utilization is increasing rapidly, and correspondingly, the reliance of societies on energy. Such strong quantitative increases influence the qualitative nature of energy utilization in most of its aspects. Resources, reserves, reliability and environment are among the key words that may characterize the change in the nature of the energy utilization problem. Energy can no longer be considered an isolated technical and economical problem, rather it is embedded in the ecosphere and the society-technology complex. Restraints and boundary conditions have to be taken into account with the same degree of attention as in traditional technical problems, for example a steam turbine. This results in a strong degree of interweaving. Further, the purpose of providing energy becomes more visible, that is, to make survival possible in a civilized and highly populated world on a finite globe. Because of such interweaving and finiteness it is felt that energy should be considered as a system and therefore the term 'energy systems' is used. The production of energy is only one component of such a system; the handling of energy and the embedding of energy into the global and social complex in terms of ecology, economy, risks and resources are of similar importance. he systems approach to the energy problem needs more explanation. This paper is meant to give an outline of the underlying problems and it is hoped that by so doing the wide range of sometimes confusing voices about energy can be better understood. Such confusion starts already with the term 'energy crisis'. Is there an energy crisis or not? Much future work is required to tackle the problems of energy systems. This paper can only marginally help in that respect. But it is hoped that it will help understand the scope of the

  2. Systemic Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poletto, Marco; Pasquero, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    This is a manual investigating the subject of urban ecology and systemic development from the perspective of architectural design. It sets out to explore two main goals: to discuss the contemporary relevance of a systemic practice to architectural design, and to share a toolbox of informational...... design protocols developed to describe the city as a territory of self-organization. Collecting together nearly a decade of design experiments by the authors and their practice, ecoLogicStudio, the book discusses key disciplinary definitions such as ecologic urbanism, algorithmic architecture, bottom......-up or tactical design, behavioural space and the boundary of the natural and the artificial realms within the city and architecture. A new kind of "real-time world-city" is illustrated in the form of an operational design manual for the assemblage of proto-architectures, the incubation of proto...

  3. TUBO system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Proceedings recently incorporated to TUBO system like the seismic analysis and the stress verification acccording to ASME-Boiler Rule and Pressure Vessel Code-section III are presented. The seismic analysis comprehend the consideration of uniform motion of the support, its multiple excitation, and the attainment of the spectral response for both cases. The module for stress verification uses stresses resulting fromthe combination of the loads specified by the user, in the automatic verification of permissible stresses for the pipings class 1 and 2, based on criteria NB-3650 and NC-3650 of ASME. The implementation of these proceedings in the TUBO system are discussed and a numerical example that covers the different phases of a stress analysis in a piping is presented

  4. Bilateral system. The ABACC system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After relating the antecedents of the creation of the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), the paper describes the common system of accounting and control set up by Argentina and Brazil. The organization of ABACC is also outlined

  5. Electronic control devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The translation of data from particle detectors into computercomprehensible form is reviewed. Following a brief account of the electronics of particle-detectors, the author describes the types of data-acquisition systems now or soon-to-be available. THe CAMAC system, a currently available computer aided control device, is discussed first. The possibility of a design-it-yourself system is dealt with next, with design parameters and practical pointers given that are drawn from the authors personal experience. Finally, the trigger systems of these devices are described and the prospects of a new system still in development, called FASTBUS, are given

  6. Navigation systems

    OpenAIRE

    Ocepek, Marjan

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis we present different navigation systems which may be used also in surveying. Map as a basis of navigation is described at the beginning. Next, we focus on navigation based on celestial bodies. We present basic terms such as navigation and orientation and describe some primitive methods, which had been used for orientation without compass. We present two important time keeping instruments that facilitated the process of position determination, the chronometer and chronograph, an...

  7. Security system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumann, Mark J.; Kuca, Michal; Aragon, Mona L.

    2016-02-02

    A security system includes a structure having a structural surface. The structure is sized to contain an asset therein and configured to provide a forceful breaching delay. The structure has an opening formed therein to permit predetermined access to the asset contained within the structure. The structure includes intrusion detection features within or associated with the structure that are activated in response to at least a partial breach of the structure.

  8. Systems paleobiology

    OpenAIRE

    Knoll, Andrew Herbert

    2013-01-01

    Systems paleobiology seeks to interpret the history of life within the framework of Earth’s environmental history, using physiology as the conceptual bridge between paleontological and geochemical data sets. In some cases, physiological performance can be estimated directly and quantitatively from fossils—this is commonly the case for vascular plant remains. In other instances, statistical inferences about physiology can be made on the basis of phylogenetic relationships. Examples from resear...

  9. Italgrip System

    OpenAIRE

    ECT Team, Purdue

    2007-01-01

    The ever increasing number of registered vehicles has resulted in, up until the present time, a parallel increase in the number of road accidents. One of the reasons for this is that the quality of the road surface has not adequately kept pace with the increased volume of traffic. The Italgrip System increases skid resistance, reduces hydroplaning risk, reduces noise, and reduces salt consumption and can be applied to asphalt, concrete, or steel surfaces. It has been applied to several roadwa...

  10. Neuromodulatory systems

    OpenAIRE

    Werner, Gerhard; Mitterauer, Bernhard J.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the interactions and interdependencies between Neuroglia, the Brain-Cell Microenvironment, and the processes commonly subsumed under Neuromodulation. The interactions of the component processes covering a wide spectrum of frequencies are designated as Neuromodulatory Systems (NMS). This implies NMS's scale-invariance as the capacity of linking actions across many time scales, and self-similarity at any scale. These features endow NMS with the ability to respond adaptively to neural...

  11. Neuromodulatory Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Gerhard eWerner; Mitterauer, Bernhard J.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract We examine the interactions and interdependencies between Neuroglia, the Brain-Cell Microenvironment, and the processes commonly subsumed under Neuromodulation. The interactions of the component processes covering a wide spectrum of frequencies are designated as Neuromodulatory Systems (NMS). This implies NMS's scale-invariance as the capacity of linking actions across many time scales, and self-similarity at any scale. These features endow NMS with the ability to respond adaptively ...

  12. Organizational Systems

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Kirk A. Astroth: So...You Want to Serve on The NAE4-HA Board! Marilyn Corbin: Diversity in Action: Promising Practices of CASD. Teresa Hogue: Can Extension Programs Afford Not to Invest in Business Plans? Dallas L. Holmes: FOCIS an Extension Web-Based Accountability in Action Reporting System. Maureen Hosty: 4-H Wildlife Stewards- Unleashing the Force and Vitality of Communities. Beverly Kelbaugh: Identifying Professional Development Needs of Extension Personnel. Jane E. Keyser: Property Tax ...

  13. Modular system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Members of the Earth and Planetary Sciences community plan to use the APS facility for a variety of applications. Each type of beam line described in the previous chapter offers a set of properties that are valuable for several applications. Therefore, each beam line will need to serve several different experiments. In addition many of the experiments will need more than one type of radiation. As a result, flexibility will be extremely important to the success of the program. In order to provide the required flexibility, we propose a system consisting of modules. Each module will be a rack on which there will be mounted all of the necessary instrumentation for a particular type of experiment. It will be designed so that it can be moved by crane from one beam line hutch to another or from staging area to beam line hutch and back. Each beam line, in turn, will be equipped to receive any of the various modules. There will be a simple arrangement for indexing each module on each beam line so that a minimum of alignment will be necessary when a module is installed. An example of a module would be an energy dispersive x-ray diffraction system consisting of adjustable fine slits, a sample mounting system with computer-driven translational and orientational alignment capabilities, telescopes for alignment, solid state detector, multichannel analyzer, computer, and the associated power supplies and electronics. Such a module would be suitable for high pressure-temperature diamond cell studies

  14. Complex Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantum instanton (QI approximation is recently proposed for the evaluations of the chemical reaction rate constants with use of full dimensional potential energy surfaces. Its strategy is to use the instanton mechanism and to approximate time-dependent quantum dynamics to the imaginary time propagation of the quantities of partition function. It thus incorporates the properties of the instanton idea and the quantum effect of partition function and can be applied to chemical reactions of complex systems. In this paper, we present the QI approach and its applications to several complex systems mainly done by us. The concrete systems include, (1 the reaction of H+CH4→H2+CH3, (2 the reaction of H+SiH4→H2+SiH3, (3 H diffusion on Ni(100 surface; and (4 surface-subsurface transport and interior migration for H/Ni. Available experimental and other theoretical data are also presented for the purpose of comparison.

  15. Systemic amyloidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wechalekar, Ashutosh D; Gillmore, Julian D; Hawkins, Philip N

    2016-06-25

    Tissue deposition of protein fibrils causes a group of rare diseases called systemic amyloidoses. This Seminar focuses on changes in their epidemiology, the current approach to diagnosis, and advances in treatment. Systemic light chain (AL) amyloidosis is the most common of these conditions, but wild-type transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTRwt) is increasingly being diagnosed. Typing of amyloid fibrils, a critical determinant of therapy, has improved with the wide availability of laser capture and mass spectrometry from fixed histological tissue sections. Specific and accurate evaluation of cardiac amyloidosis is now possible using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and cardiac repurposing of bone scintigraphy tracers. Survival in AL amyloidosis has improved markedly as novel chemotherapy agents have become available, but challenges remain in advanced disease. Early diagnosis, a key to better outcomes, still remains elusive. Broadening the amyloid-specific therapeutic landscape to include RNA inhibitors, fibril formation stabilisers and inhibitors, and immunotherapeutic targeting of amyloid deposits holds promise to transform outcomes in systemic amyloidoses. PMID:26719234

  16. Ration System

    OpenAIRE

    Vymazalova, Hana

    2016-01-01

    The distribution of rations can be found in documents from different period of the Egyptian history but the general features of the ration system is not easy to trace. Most of the sources are the more or less fragmentary lists of wages/payments that reflect various conditions, such as status of the recipients, period to which the payment corresponds etc, that are not always known to us. Other documents provide us with categories of allowances ascribed to the workmen and officials who particip...

  17. Nuclear systems

    CERN Document Server

    Todreas, Neil E

    2011-01-01

    Principal Characteristics of Power ReactorsIntroductionPower CyclesPrimary Coolant SystemsReactor CoresFuel AssembliesAdvanced Water- and Gas-Cooled Reactors (Generation III And III+)Advanced Thermal and Fast Neutron Spectrum Reactors (Generation IV)ReferencesProblemsThermal Design Principles and ApplicationIntroductionOverall Plant Characteristics Influenced by Thermal Hydraulic ConsiderationsEnergy Production and Transfer ParametersThermal Design LimitsThermal Design MarginFigures of Merit for Core Thermal PerformanceThe Inverted Fuel ArrayThe Equivalent Annulus ApproximationReferencesProble

  18. Balance System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    TherEx Inc.'s AT-1 Computerized Ataxiameter precisely evaluates posture and balance disturbances that commonly accompany neurological and musculoskeletal disorders. Complete system includes two-strain gauged footplates, signal conditioning circuitry, a computer monitor, printer and a stand-alone tiltable balance platform. AT-1 serves as assessment tool, treatment monitor, and rehabilitation training device. It allows clinician to document quantitatively the outcome of treatment and analyze data over time to develop outcome standards for several classifications of patients. It can evaluate specifically the effects of surgery, drug treatment, physical therapy or prosthetic devices.

  19. Scanning system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An improved transversally cutting radionuclide scanning system is described which can be used for medical diagnosis and medical treatment of men, particularly, for brain investingations. 99mTc43 is named as a radionuclide. The device described is more sensitive, and displays results in a shorter period of time than devices known until now. By means of laser emitting diodes a continuous transmission and collection of signals is obtained, due to a rotating picture framework of offset and meshing detectors surrounding completely the scanning field around a single rotation axis - coaxialy with the axis of the head. Signals are processed and displayed by a connected computer. Description in detail, 7 figures. (UWI)

  20. Sterilization System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Cox Sterile Products, Inc.'s Rapid Heat Transfer Sterilizer employs a heat exchange process that induces rapid air movement; the air becomes the heat transfer medium, maintaining a uniform temperature of 375 degrees Fahrenheit. It features pushbutton controls for three timing cycles for different instrument loads, a six-minute cycle for standard unpackaged instruments, eight minutes for certain specialized dental/medical instruments and 12 minutes for packaged instruments which can then be stored in a drawer in sterile condition. System will stay at 375 degrees all day. Continuous operation is not expensive because of the sterilizer's very low power requirements.

  1. Linear systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bourlès, Henri

    2013-01-01

    Linear systems have all the necessary elements (modeling, identification, analysis and control), from an educational point of view, to help us understand the discipline of automation and apply it efficiently. This book is progressive and organized in such a way that different levels of readership are possible. It is addressed both to beginners and those with a good understanding of automation wishing to enhance their knowledge on the subject. The theory is rigorously developed and illustrated by numerous examples which can be reproduced with the help of appropriate computation software. 60 exe

  2. Radiographic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This invention discloses a radiographic system comprising an X-ray source disposed to direct an X-ray beam through an adjustable shutter aperture in an aligned collimator and onto an image receptor in a holder located at a preselected distance from the source; and automatic means for preventing an X-ray exposure until prescribed operating conditions have been satisfied, the automatic means including a readily interchangeable read-only-memory module for storing the prescribed conditions therein and ascertaining whether or not the prescribed conditions have been met

  3. System update

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Laser Experiments Analysis Facility consists of two DEC computers - PDP-11/34 and a VAX/VMS-11/780; and a Perkin-Elmer 1010GM microdensitometer - a photodigitizing system (PDS). The PDP-11/34 is a dedicated machine used to control the PDS, and the VAX is used for storage and analysis of ICF data and for general purpose computing. A one-way, fiber-optic link connects the LEAF VAX to the Nova VAX for transfer of shot data. Over the past year, major improvements were made in the hardware, system software, and applications codes. The VAX hardware was modernized by the addition of two high-speed tape drives and four Winchester disks. The disks have a combined capacity of over 4 gigabytes. A number of special peripherals were also added: an array processor, an IBM Personal Computer (PC), a Versatec Random Element Processor (REP), a high-resolution color monitor, and two 1000-line-per-minute Versatec printer/plotters. Currently on order is an upgrade to the VAX central processing unit (CPU) that will increase its computing speed by about 50%

  4. Organization of synchronization of power supplies for the T-15 device injector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The description of the system for the T-15 tokamak power supply and injector synchronization is presented. The synchronization system consists of 3 branches, comprising 6 sychronization devices according to the number of ion sources. According to the character of control, structurally and territorially, each branch of the synchronization system is devided into three parts: program-controlled, relized in CAMAC standard, synchronization devices, located in the room of low-voltage power supply system, and control channels, manufactured in the form of optical communication channels with controls units or galvanic decoupling units

  5. A data acquisition computer for high energy physics applications DAFNE:- hardware manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high performance stand alone computer system based on the Motorola 68000 micro processor has been built at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory. Although the design was strongly influenced by the requirement to provide a compact data acquisition computer for the high energy physics environment, the system is sufficiently general to find applications in a wider area. It provides colour graphics and tape and disc storage together with access to CAMAC systems. This report is the hardware manual of the data acquisition computer, DAFNE (Data Acquisition For Nuclear Experiments), and as such contains a full description of the hardware structure of the computer system. (author)

  6. System analysis and design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book deals with information technology and business process, information system architecture, methods of system development, plan on system development like problem analysis and feasibility analysis, cases for system development, comprehension of analysis of users demands, analysis of users demands using traditional analysis, users demands analysis using integrated information system architecture, system design using integrated information system architecture, system implementation, and system maintenance.

  7. Nuva - System (**)

    OpenAIRE

    BAYIRLI, Gündüz

    2013-01-01

    «Nuva-fil», «Nuva-seal» ve «Nuva-lite» dan oluşan maddeler ve apareye fabrika tarafından «Nuva-system» adı verilmiştir.«Nuva-seal» bir fissür koruyucusudur; «Nuva-fil» bir kompozit dolgu maddesidir; «Nuva-lite» ultraviyole ışını sağlayan bir apareydir."Nuva-seal» ve «Nuva-fil» bu güne kadar kullanılan dolgu maddelerinden şu nokta da ayrılırlar : Her ikisi de yalnız ultraviyole ışığı etkisiyle sertleşmektedir. «Nuva-seal» asit etkisinde kalan mineye bağlanır; «Nuva-fil» «Nuva-seal» in üzerinde...

  8. Quantum systems as classical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cassa, A

    2001-01-01

    A characteristical property of a classical physical theory is that the observables are real functions taking an exact outcome on every (pure) state; in a quantum theory, at the contrary, a given observable on a given state can take several values with only a predictable probability. However, even in the classical case, when an observer is intrinsically unable to distinguish between some distinct states he can convince himself that the measure of its ''observables'' can have several values in a random way with a statistical character. What kind of statistical theory is obtainable in this way? It is possible, for example, to obtain exactly the statistical previsions of quantum mechanics? Or, in other words, can a physical system showing a classical behaviour appear to be a quantum system to a confusing observer? We show that from a mathematical viewpoint it is not difficult to produce a theory with hidden variables having this property. We don't even try to justify in physical terms the artificial construction ...

  9. Systems engineering simplified

    CERN Document Server

    Cloutier, Robert; Bone, Mary Alice

    2015-01-01

    IntroductionOverviewDiscussion of Common TerminologyThe Case for Systems EngineeringA Brief History of Systems EngineeringSystem ExamplesSummaryThe System Life CycleManaging System Development-The Vee ModelSystem ProductionSystem Utilization and SupportSystem Retirement and DisposalOther Systems Engineering Development ModelsSpiral ModelAgile Model for Systems EngineeringSystem of InterestAbstraction and DecompositionIntegrationDeveloping and Managing RequirementsCyclone Requiremen

  10. Chem systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that world styrene demand, paced by a near doubling of combined requirements in East Asia and Oceania, could reach 19.3 million metric tons by 2000, an average growth rate of 3.7%/year. So concludes Chem Systems Inc., Tarrytown, N.Y., in a study of world styrene markets through the end of the century. Pacific Rim styrene production and consumption throughout the 1990s are predicted to make up increasingly larger shares of world markets, while demand and production lag in the U.S. and western Europe. Demand and capacity in other parts of the world will grow in real terms, increasing combined market shares only slightly. Most of the increase will be driven by demand in East Asia and Oceania, where consumption by century's end is expected to increase 4.48 million metric tons from 2.25 million tons in 1991. Meantime, Japan's styrene demand in 2000 is projected at 2.64 million tons, a 500,000 ton increase from 1991 demand but a net market loss of 1.9%

  11. [Systemic sclerosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamborrini, Giorgio; Distler, Meike; Distler, Oliver

    2008-05-01

    Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe fibrotic multiorgan connective tissue disease. Vascular abnormalities such as fingertip ulcers and Raynaud's syndrome as well as involvement of organs including the lungs, heart, kidney and the gastrointestinal tract are prominent features of the disease. There are currently no disease modifying drugs available that can modify the course of the disease. In this review we will discuss medications that have been found to be effective in improving specific organ involvement due to SSc. For the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), proton pump inhibitors are effective agents. In the setting of clinically significant gastrointestinal dysmotility, metoclopramide, erythromycin and octreotide may be beneficial. Small bowel bacterial overgrowth should be treated with oral antibiotics. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are the first-line agents for acute renal crisis. A variety of treatment options are available for Raynaud's phenomenon and include calcium channel blockers, iloprost (i. v.), losartan, fluoxetine and sildenafil. Fingertip ulcers can be prevented by using the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan. The therapeutic options for treatment of pulmonary hypertension associated with SSc include bosentan, sildenafil and various prostacyclin analogs (eg, epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost). Sitaxentan, ambrisentan and new phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors could be new options for therapy as well. Therapeutic options for interstitial lung fibrosis include cyclophosphamide, however, clinical effects are mild to moderate. Methotrexate has been used to treat skin fibrosis and can be beneficial when arthritis is present. PMID:18552072

  12. ''FASTBUS'': status of development of a standard high speed data acquisition bus for high energy physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In late 1975 the US NIM Committee initiated a study group, known as the Advanced System Study Group, to review the future data acquisition modular interface requirements for high-energy physics. The final report of this group recommended the development of a new standard system, now known as ''FASTBUS,'' which would have as principal features improved speed by a factor of 10 over CAMAC, more generalized architecture to accommodate distributed parallel processing and fast preprocessing, special scan modes of particular use in high-energy particle detection systems, and standardized bus structures and mechanics. A brief summary of current activity is given. 7 figures, 3 tables

  13. Endocrine System (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Endocrine System KidsHealth > For Teens > Endocrine System Print A A ... called the endocrine system . What Is the Endocrine System? Although we rarely think about the endocrine system, ...

  14. Prosthetic Knee Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of fluid control systems — pneumatic (using air) and hydraulic (using fluid). Pneumatic control. These systems: compress air ... control than friction systems are less effective than hydraulic systems. Hydraulic control. These systems: use liquid (usually ...

  15. System safety education focused on system management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grose, V. L.

    1971-01-01

    System safety is defined and characteristics of the system are outlined. Some of the principle characteristics include role of humans in hazard analysis, clear language for input and output, system interdependence, self containment, and parallel analysis of elements.

  16. Symmetries, Groups, Groupoids and Systems of Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso, E.; Karcanias, N.; Hessami, A. G.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we propose an algebraic model of systems based on the concept of symmetry that can be instrumental in representing Systems of Systems two main characteristics, namely complexity and (hierarchical) emergence.

  17. Respiratory System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    8.1 Respiratory failure2007204 Comparison of the effects of BiPAP ventilation combined with lung recruitment maneuvers and low tidal volume A/C ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. WANG Xiaozhi(王晓芝),et al. Dept Respir & Intensive Care Unit, Binzhou Med Coll, Binzhou 256603. Chin J Tuberc Respir Dis 2007;30(1):44-47. Objective To compare the effects of BiPAP ventilation combined with lung recruitment maneuvers(LRM) with low tidal volume A/C ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods A prospective, randomized comparison of BiPAP mechanical ventilation combined with lung recruitment maneuvers(test group) with low tidal volume A/C ventilation (control group) was conducted in 28 patients with ARDS. FiO2/PaO2 ratio, respiratory system compliance(Cs), central venous pressure (CVP), duration of ventilation support were recorded at 0 h, 48 h and 72 h separately. The ventilation associated lung injury and mortality at 28 d were also recorded. Results The FiO2/PaO2 ratio were (298±16) and (309±16) cm H2O, Cs were (38.4±2.2) and (42.0±1.3) ml/cm H2O, CVP were (13.8±0.8) and (11.6±0.7) cm H2O in the test group at 48 h and 72 h separately. In the control group, FiO2/PaO2 ratio were (212±12) and (246±17) cm H2O, Cs were (29.5±1.3) and (29.0±1.0) ml/cm H2O, CVP were 18.6±1.1 and (16.8±1.0) cm H2O. The results were better in the test group as compared with the control group (t=10.03-29. 68, all P<0.01). The duration of ventilation support in the test group was shorter than the control group [(14±3) d vs (19±3)d, t=4.80, P<0.01]. The mortality in 28 d and ventilation associated lung injury were similar in the two groups. Conclusion The results show that combination of LRM with BiPAP mode ventilation, as compared with the control group, contributes to the improved FiO2/PaO2 ratio, pulmonary compliance, stable homodynamic and shorter duration of ventilation support in patients with ARDs.

  18. Paradigms of Intelligent Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Dana Ramona ANDRISESCU

    2007-01-01

    This paper approaches the subject of paradigms for the categories of intelligent systems. First we can look at the term paradigm in its scientific meaning and then we make acquaintance with the main categories of intelligent systems (expert systems, intelligent systems based on genetic algorithms, artificial neuronal systems, fuzzy systems, hybrid intelligent systems). We will see that every system has one or more paradigms, but hybrid intelligent systems combine paradigms because they are ma...

  19. Development of new CICU

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoyagi, Tetsuo [Research Organization for Information Science and Technology, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan); Sato, Minoru; Sakata, Shinya; Matsuda, Toshiaki

    1998-02-01

    In JT-60 data processing system, workstations have been used to replace aged mini-computers which have been difficult to maintain their hardware and software. The communication computer MMI was replaced in 1993 and the real time processor RTP in 1994. The new CAMAC interface control unit CICU has been developed and tested. It is now at the final step to replace the old mini-computer system. In this report, an outline of new CICU consisting of a workstation with VMEbus and a software design are described. (author)

  20. Reactor surveillance by noise analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A real-time noise analysis system is designed for the TRIGA reactor at Istanbul Technical University. By means of the noise techniques, reactor surveillance is performed together with failure diagnosis. The fast data processing is carried out by FFT in real-time so that malfunction or non-stationary operation of the reactor in long term can be identified by comparing the noise power spectra with the corresponding reference patterns while the decision making procedure is accomplished by the method of hypothesis testing. The system being computer based safety instrumentation involves CAMAC in conjunction with the RT-11 (PDP-11) single user dedicated environment. (author)

  1. Making transuranic assay measurements using modern controllers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes methodology and computer-controlled instrumentation developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory that accurately performs nondestructive assays of large containers bearing transuranic wastes and nonradioactive matrix materials. These assay systems can measure fissile isotopes with 1-mg sensitivity and spontaneous neutron-emitting isotopes at a 10-mg sensitivity. The assays are performed by neutron interrogation, detection, and counting in a custom assay chamber. An International Business Machines Personal Computer (IBM-PC) is used to control the CAMAC-based instrumentation system that acquires the assay data. 6 refs., 7 figs

  2. Hardware upgrade for klystrons in the SLC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control and monitoring of the klystrons in the first third of the SLAC linear accelerator has been commissioned, and a program to complete installation by summer 1985 is in progress. A general overview of the new control system for SLAC klystrons is presented along with a detailed description of the Modulator Klystron Support Unit. The MKSU contains all the devices necessary to interface klystron monitoring and control to the SLC control system through a dedicated intelligent CAMAC module. Controlled devices include RF phase and drive controls, the high power modulator status, associated RF signals, waterflow and magnet controls

  3. Information Systems in the Polish Payment System

    OpenAIRE

    Murowaniecki, Łukasz; Woźniacki, Konrad

    2007-01-01

    The paper focuses on computerised information systems responsible for payment information exchange in Polish payment system. Firstly some terms, connected with the topic of funds transfer system, are ordered. Then, relying on the taxonomy, the paper presents a comprehensive view of domestic payment system.

  4. Geoinformation Systems as Automated Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Andrey Pavlov

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes geoinformation systems (GIS) development as management systems, highlights the basic principles of decision-making in GIS, describes GIS storage systems and decision-making systems, discloses the use of GIS for the territory management and briefly describes the use of GIS for transport management and monitoring.

  5. Geoinformation Systems as Automated Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Pavlov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes geoinformation systems (GIS development as management systems, highlights the basic principles of decision-making in GIS, describes GIS storage systems and decision-making systems, discloses the use of GIS for the territory management and briefly describes the use of GIS for transport management and monitoring.

  6. Understanding Patterns for System of Systems Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazman, Rick; Schmid, Klaus; Nielsen, Claus Ballegård;

    2013-01-01

    Architecting systems of systems is well known to be a formidable challenge. A major aspect in this is defining the integration among the systems that constitute the system of systems. In this paper, we aim to support the SoS architect by systematically developing a way to characterize system of...... systems integration patterns. These characteristics at the same time support the architecting process by highlighting important issues a SoS architect needs to consider. We discuss the consolidated template and illustrate it with an example pattern. We also discuss the integration of this novel pattern...

  7. Networked control of microgrid system of systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Magdi S.; Rahman, Mohamed Saif Ur; AL-Sunni, Fouad M.

    2016-08-01

    The microgrid has made its mark in distributed generation and has attracted widespread research. However, microgrid is a complex system which needs to be viewed from an intelligent system of systems perspective. In this paper, a network control system of systems is designed for the islanded microgrid system consisting of three distributed generation units as three subsystems supplying a load. The controller stabilises the microgrid system in the presence of communication infractions such as packet dropouts and delays. Simulation results are included to elucidate the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.

  8. Concept and System of Personification Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai,Fengshuang; Yin,Yixin; Tu,Xuyan; Zhang,Ying

    2006-01-01

    This paper provides the system and conception of the Personification Control System (PCS) on the basis of Intelligent Control System based on Artificial life (ICS/AL), Artificial Emotion, Humanoid Control, and Intelligent Control System based on Field bus. According to system science and deciding of organize of biology, the Pyramid System of PCS are created. Then Pyramid System of PCS which is made up of PCS1/H, PCS1/S, PCS1/O, PCS1/C and PCS1/G is described.

  9. D0 Cryo System Control System Autodialer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urbin, J.; /Fermilab

    1990-04-17

    The DO cryogenic system is controlled by a TI565-PLC based control system. This allows the system to be unmanned when in steady state operation. System experts will need to be contacted when system parameters exceed normal operating points and reach alarm setpoints. The labwide FIRUS system provides one alarm monitor and communication link. An autodialer provides a second and more flexible alarm monitor and communication link. The autodialer monitors contact points in the control system and after receiving indication of an alarm accesses a list of experts which it calls until it receives an acknowledgement. There are several manufacturers and distributors of autodialer systems. This EN explains the search process the DO cryo group used to fmd an autodialer system that fit the cryo system's needs and includes information and specs for the unit we chose.

  10. Systems design of long-life systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, R. F., Jr.

    1974-01-01

    A long-life system is defined as a system which cannot be life-tested in its operational environment. Another restriction is that preventive maintenance and repair shall be either impossible or economically disadvantageous. Examples of such systems include planetary spacecraft, communication satellites, undersea telephone cables, and nuclear power plants. The questions discussed are related to the implementation of system functions, approaches to determine the required level of system reliability, and aspects of tradeoffs between requirements and reliability.

  11. Port contact systems for irreversible thermodynamical systems

    OpenAIRE

    Eberard, D.; Maschke, B. M.; Schaft, A.J. van der

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we propose a definition of control contact systems, generalizing input-output Hainiltonian systems, to cope with models arising from irreversible Thermodynamics. We exhibit a particular subclass of these systems, called conservative, that leaves invariant some Legendre submanifold (the geometric structures associated with thermodynamic properties). These systems, both energy-preserving and irreversible, are then used to analyze the loss-lessness of these systems with respect to ...

  12. Your Digestive System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Here's Help White House Lunch Recipes Your Digestive System KidsHealth > For Kids > Your Digestive System Print A ... flush we were talking about! Dig That Digestive System You can help your digestive system by drinking ...

  13. Male Reproductive System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Male Reproductive System KidsHealth > For Teens > Male Reproductive System Print A ... reproductive systems. continue What Is the Male Reproductive System? Most species have two sexes: male and female. ...

  14. Multiple System Atrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Enhancing Diversity Find People About NINDS NINDS Multiple System Atrophy Information Page Condensed from Multiple System Atrophy ... Trials Organizations Publicaciones en Español What is Multiple System Atrophy? Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a progressive ...

  15. System design specification Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) Flight System (FS), and Ground Demonstration System (GDS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-06-14

    The system design specification for ground demonstration, development, and flight qualification of a Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) is presented. The requirements for both a BIPS conceptual Flight System (FS) and a Ground Demonstration System (GDS) are defined.

  16. System design specification Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) Flight System (FS), and Ground Demonstration System (GDS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system design specification for ground demonstration, development, and flight qualification of a Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) is presented. The requirements for both a BIPS conceptual Flight System (FS) and a Ground Demonstration System (GDS) are defined

  17. Integrated library systems.

    OpenAIRE

    Goldstein, C M

    1983-01-01

    The development of integrated library systems is discussed. The four major discussion points are (1) initial efforts; (2) network resources; (3) minicomputer-based systems; and (4) beyond library automation. Four existing systems are cited as examples of current systems.

  18. Situation awareness with systems of systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tretmans, Jan; Borth, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This book discusses various aspects, challenges, and solutions for developing systems-of-systems for situation awareness, using applications in the domain of maritime safety and security.  Topics include advanced, multi-objective visualization methods for situation awareness, stochastic outlier selection, rule-based anomaly detection, an ontology-based event model for semantic reasoning, new methods for semi-automatic generation of adapters bridging communication gaps, security policies for systems-of-systems, trust assessment, and methods to deal with the dynamics of systems-of-systems in run-time monitoring, testing, and diagnosis. Architectural considerations for designing information-centric systems-of-systems such as situation awareness systems, and an integrated demonstrator implementing many of the investigated aspects, complete the book.

  19. System of systems modeling and analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, James E.; Anderson, Dennis James; Longsine, Dennis E. (Intera, Inc., Austin, TX); Shirah, Donald N.

    2005-01-01

    This report documents the results of an LDRD program entitled 'System of Systems Modeling and Analysis' that was conducted during FY 2003 and FY 2004. Systems that themselves consist of multiple systems (referred to here as System of Systems or SoS) introduce a level of complexity to systems performance analysis and optimization that is not readily addressable by existing capabilities. The objective of the 'System of Systems Modeling and Analysis' project was to develop an integrated modeling and simulation environment that addresses the complex SoS modeling and analysis needs. The approach to meeting this objective involved two key efforts. First, a static analysis approach, called state modeling, has been developed that is useful for analyzing the average performance of systems over defined use conditions. The state modeling capability supports analysis and optimization of multiple systems and multiple performance measures or measures of effectiveness. The second effort involves time simulation which represents every system in the simulation using an encapsulated state model (State Model Object or SMO). The time simulation can analyze any number of systems including cross-platform dependencies and a detailed treatment of the logistics required to support the systems in a defined mission.

  20. The MAST data acquisition system - system architecture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new data acquisition (DA) system has been developed for the MAST experiment at Culham. It has also been implemented on the COMPASS experiment as a replacement for the old PDP-11 based data acquisition system and as a test bed for MAST. The DA system is distributed across a number of computers with a DA process for each distinct diagnostic system. An object-orientated approach is taken to the control and readout of each device in the system. It is designed to be independent of the hardware interfaces used on each diagnostic. The system is flexible enough to cope with diagnostics ranging from those involving simple time evolving signals to complex spectrometers, and will incorporate a new high speed distributed timing system. This system is also being considered as the interface to the real time Plasma Control system on MAST. A distributed scheduling system is used to co-ordinate the activity of each DA process with the Central Control system for each experiment. This paper describes the architecture of this data acquisition system with particular emphasis on the core of the data acquisition system. Aspects of distributed implementation of the system on real diagnostics are discussed in a companion paper

  1. Computer System Design System-on-Chip

    CERN Document Server

    Flynn, Michael J

    2011-01-01

    The next generation of computer system designers will be less concerned about details of processors and memories, and more concerned about the elements of a system tailored to particular applications. These designers will have a fundamental knowledge of processors and other elements in the system, but the success of their design will depend on the skills in making system-level tradeoffs that optimize the cost, performance and other attributes to meet application requirements. This book provides a new treatment of computer system design, particularly for System-on-Chip (SOC), which addresses th

  2. System specifications for the NDS EXFOR System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EXFOR is the agreed exchange format for the magnetic-tape exchange of nuclear reaction data between national and international nuclear data centers for the benefit of nuclear data users in all countries. The NDS EXFOR System is a computerized system for the storage and retrieval of EXFOR information compiled or received of the IAEA. This document is an internal manual for the system specifications of the NDS EXFOR System. It includes flow charts, system and program summaries, input and output specifications and file and record descriptions. The manual is updated from time to time when system modifications are made; the first version was issued in July 1979. (author)

  3. System specifications for the NDS EXFOR System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EXFOR is the agreed exchange format for the magnetic-tape exchange of nuclear reaction data between national and international nuclear data centres for the benefit of nuclear data users in all countries. The NDS EXFOR System is a computerized system for the storage and retrieval of EXFOR information compiled or received by the IAEA. This document is an internal manual for the system specifications of the NDS EXFOR System. It includes flow charts, system and program summaries, input and output specifications and file and record descriptions. The manual is updated from time to time when system modifications are made

  4. Intelligent systems technology infrastructure for integrated systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lum, Henry, Jr.

    1991-01-01

    Significant advances have occurred during the last decade in intelligent systems technologies (a.k.a. knowledge-based systems, KBS) including research, feasibility demonstrations, and technology implementations in operational environments. Evaluation and simulation data obtained to date in real-time operational environments suggest that cost-effective utilization of intelligent systems technologies can be realized for Automated Rendezvous and Capture applications. The successful implementation of these technologies involve a complex system infrastructure integrating the requirements of transportation, vehicle checkout and health management, and communication systems without compromise to systems reliability and performance. The resources that must be invoked to accomplish these tasks include remote ground operations and control, built-in system fault management and control, and intelligent robotics. To ensure long-term evolution and integration of new validated technologies over the lifetime of the vehicle, system interfaces must also be addressed and integrated into the overall system interface requirements. An approach for defining and evaluating the system infrastructures including the testbed currently being used to support the on-going evaluations for the evolutionary Space Station Freedom Data Management System is presented and discussed. Intelligent system technologies discussed include artificial intelligence (real-time replanning and scheduling), high performance computational elements (parallel processors, photonic processors, and neural networks), real-time fault management and control, and system software development tools for rapid prototyping capabilities.

  5. [X-33 Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    Lockheed Martin Skunk Works has compiled an Annual Performance Report of the X-33/RLV Program. This report consists of individual reports from all industry team members, as well as NASA team centers. This portion of the report is comprised of a status report of Allied-Signal Aerospace's contribution to the program. The following is a summary of the work reviewed under their portion of the agreement: (1) Communication Systems; (2) Environmental Control Systems- Active Thermal Control System (ATCS), Purge and Vent System, Hydrogen Detection System (HDS), Avionics Bay Inerting System (ABIS), and Flush Air Data System (FADS); (2) Landing Systems; (3) Power Management and Generation Systems; (4) Flight Control Actuation System (FCAS)- Electric Power Control & Distribution System (EPCDS), and Battery Power System (BPS); and (5) Vehicle Management Systems (VMS)- VMS Hardware, VMS Software Development Activities, and System Integration Laboratory (SIL).

  6. Linking Political Systems and War Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2009-01-01

    Decisive parts of the Western political system have demonstrated a seemingly surprising misinterpretation of military might. As Madelaine Albright has suggested, the mighty perceived themselves as "almighty". Political power seems to have invested in instrumental coercive power relations and found...... military coercion to be the appropriate mean. Using the system theory and the theory of systemic risks displayed by the German sociologist Niklas Luhmann the article demonstrates how military systems due to their own autonomy and autopoiesis do not fit into the idea of political government. The...... Clausewitzian ideal of a political system that could continue its power games by means of war was moderated by Clausewitz' own analysis of "friction". How can a political system be so blind towards the possibilities of another system? What are the risks of systemic blind spots? The argument of the paper...

  7. Immune System as a Sensory System

    OpenAIRE

    Dozmorov, Igor M.; Dresser, D.

    2010-01-01

    As suggested by the well-known gestalt concept the immune system can be regarded as an integrated complex system, the functioning of which cannot be fully characterized by the behavior of its constituent elements. Similar approaches to the immune system in particular and sensory systems in general allows one to discern similarities and differences in the process of distinguishing informative patterns in an otherwise random background, thus initiating an appropriate and adequate response. This...

  8. Operating System Performance Analyzer for Embedded Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Shahzada Khayyam Nisar; Maqsood Ahmed; Huma Ayub; Iram Baig

    2011-01-01

    RTOS provides a number of services to an embedded system designs such as case management, memory management, and Resource Management to build a program. Choosing the best OS for an embedded system is based on the available OS for system designers and their previous knowledge and experience. This can cause an imbalance between the OS and embedded systems. RTOS performance analysis is critical in the design and integration of embedded software to ensure that limits the application meet at runti...

  9. Intrusion Detection System: Security Monitoring System

    OpenAIRE

    ShabnamNoorani,; Sharmila Gaikwad Rathod

    2015-01-01

    An intrusion detection system (IDS) is an ad hoc security solution to protect flawed computer systems. It works like a burglar alarm that goes off if someone tampers with or manages to get past other security mechanisms such as authentication mechanisms and firewalls. An Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is a device or a software application that monitors network or system activities for malicious activities or policy violations and produces reports to a management station.Intrusio...

  10. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AS COMPLEX MULTISTRUCTURAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Abufanas

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The principles of constructing mathematical models of unmanned aircraft systems as complex systems consisting of a plurality ofsubsystems, each of which is considered as a system. In this case, the relationship between the subsystems are described by equations based on the topological graph theory, and for the preparation of component equations describing the dynamics of the subsystems is proposed to use differential equations discontinuous type based on systems theory of random structure.

  11. Game Information System

    OpenAIRE

    Spits Warnars

    2010-01-01

    In this Information system age many organizations consider information system as their weapon to compete or gain competitive advantage or give the best services for non profit organizations. Game Information System as combining Information System and game is breakthrough to achieve organizations' performance. The Game Information System will run the Information System with game and how game can be implemented to run the Information System. Game is not only for fun and entertainment, but will ...

  12. Designing information systems

    CERN Document Server

    Blethyn, Stanley G

    2014-01-01

    Designing Information Systems focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in designing information systems. The book first describes systems, management and control, and how to design information systems. Discussions focus on documents produced from the functional construction function, users, operators, analysts, programmers and others, process management and control, levels of management, open systems, design of management information systems, and business system description, partitioning, and leveling. The text then takes a look at functional specification and functiona

  13. Instrumentation control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book explains instrumentation control system, which mentions summary, basic theory, kinds, control device, and design of each instrumentation system. The contents of this book are introduction of instrumentation system, temperature detector, pressure sensor, flow detector, level detector, ingredient detector, signal convert and transmission, instructions, record and control of instrumentation system, PID controller control valve of instrumentation system, instrumentation equipment of water system, instrumentation facility of thermal power plant, examples of advance instrumentation facility and install and design of instrumentation system.

  14. Expert Systems for auditing management information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheroghe Popescu

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Expert systems are built with the help of: specialised programming languages or expert system generators (shell. But this structure was reached after tens of years of work and research, because expert systems are nothing but pragmatic capitalisation of the results of research carried out in artificial intelligence and theory of knowledge.

  15. System Design of the SWRL Financial System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikeda, Masumi

    To produce various management and accounting reports in order to maintain control of SWRL (Southwest Regional Laboratory) operational and financial activities, a computer-based SWRL financial system was developed. The system design is outlined, and various types of system inputs described. The kinds of management and accounting reports generated…

  16. Modeling learning technology systems as business systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Avgeriou, Paris; Retalis, Symeon; Papaspyrou, Nikolaos

    2003-01-01

    The design of Learning Technology Systems, and the Software Systems that support them, is largely conducted on an intuitive, ad hoc basis, thus resulting in inefficient systems that defectively support the learning process. There is now justifiable, increasing effort in formalizing the engineering o

  17. Optical system defect propagation in ABCD systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McKinley, W.G.; Yura, H.T.; Hanson, Steen Grüner

    1988-01-01

    We describe how optical system defects (tilt/jitter, decenter, and despace) propagate through an arbitrary paraxial optical system that can be described by an ABCD ray transfer matrix. A pedagogical example is given that demonstrates the effect of alignment errors on a typical optical system...

  18. Studies of nuclei far from stability in the A approx. mass region. Progress report, 1 August 1982-30 June 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Progress is reported on the following topics: a study of the energy level structure of 82Sr; studies of 80Sr and 84Zr; measurement of g-factors in 68Ge; Coulomb excitation studies of high spin states in 248Cm; a study of the E0, E2, E4, and E6 multipole densities of 180Hf by electron scattering; a portable CAMAC data acquisition system; design and construction of a multiplicity detector for fast neutrons; development and testing of a spectrum analysis program; statistics of FSU LINAC operation; and development of a gamma-ray counting station for the new FSU LINAC

  19. Neutron pulse discrimination of BF3 detector through pulse shape analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the nuclear non-proliferation and safeguards, reliable detection and verification of nuclear materials is very important. An assay by passive or active neutron detection is the preferred technique when the sample is too dense to measure the accurate energies of γ-rays from its inside. For accurate neutron measurement, neutrons should be discriminated from γ-rays and other background radiations. In this study, neutron pulses of a BF3 detector were discriminated against other pulses including γ-rays and background radiations by using a CAMAC based pulse processing system to record the distribution of detection events over two-dimension

  20. Data acquisition using the 168/E. [CERN ISR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, J.T.; Cittolin, S.; Demoulin, M.; Fucci, A.; Martin, B.; Norton, A.; Porte, J.P.; Rossi, P.; Storr, K.M.

    1983-03-01

    Event sizes and data rates at the CERN anti p p collider compose a formidable environment for a high level trigger. A system using three 168/E processors for experiment UA1 real-time event selection is described. With 168/E data memory expanded to 512K bytes, each processor holds a complete event allowing a FORTRAN trigger algorithm access to data from the entire detector. A smart CAMAC interface reads five Remus branches in parallel transferring one word to the target processor every 0.5 ..mu..s. The NORD host computer can simultaneously read an accepted event from another processor.