WorldWideScience

Sample records for caltech researchers presenting

  1. Caltech-UCLA Logic Seminar

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Donald; Steel, John

    1988-01-01

    This is the fourth volume of the proceeding of the Caltech-UCLA Logic Seminar, based mainly on material which was presented and discussed in the period 1981-85, but containing also some very recent results. It includes research papers dealing with determinacy hypotheses and their consequences in descriptive set theory. An appendix contains the new Victoria Delfino Problems.

  2. Caltech campus executive LDRD.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shepodd, Timothy J.; Knudsen, Tamara

    2013-01-01

    The environment most brain systems of humans and other animals are almost constantly confronted with is complex and continuously changing, with each time step updating a potentially bewildering set of opportunities and demands for action. Far from the controlled, discrete trials used in most neuro- and psychological investigations, behavior outside the lab at Caltech is a seamless and continuous process of monitoring (and error correction) of ongoing action, and of evaluating persistence in the current activity with respect to opportunities to switch tasks as alternatives become available. Prior work on frontopolar and prefrontal task switching, use tasks within the same modality (View a stream of symbols on a screen and perform certain response mappings depending on task rules). However, in these task switches the effector is constant: only the mapping of visual symbols to the specific button changes. In this task, the subjects are choosing what kinds of future action decisions they want to perform, where they can control either which body part will act, or which direction they will orient an instructed body action. An effector choice task presents a single target and the subject selects which effector to use to reach the target (eye or hand). While the techniques available for humans can be less spatially resolved compared to non-human primate neural data, they do allow for experimentation on multiple brain areas with relative ease. Thus, we address a broader network of areas involved in motor decisions. We aim to resolve a current dispute regarding the specific functional roles of brain areas that are often co-activated in studies of decision tasks, dorsal premotor cortex(PMd) and posterior parietal cortex(PPC). In one model, the PPC distinctly drives intentions for action selection, whereas PMd stimulation results in complex multi-joint movements without any awareness of, nor subjective feeling of, willing the elicited movement, thus seems to

  3. Developing an Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program for Caltech's Tectonics Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovalenko, L.; Jain, K.; Maloney, J.

    2012-12-01

    The Caltech Tectonics Observatory (TO) is an interdisciplinary center, focused on geological processes occurring at the boundaries of Earth's tectonic plates (http://www.tectonics.caltech.edu). Over the past four years, the TO has made a major effort to develop an Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program. Our goals are to (1) inspire students to learn Earth Sciences, particularly tectonic processes, (2) inform and educate the general public about science in the context of TO discoveries, and (3) provide opportunities for graduate students, postdocs, and faculty to do outreach in the local K-12 schools and community colleges. Our work toward these goals includes hosting local high school teachers and students each summer for six weeks of research experience (as part of Caltech's "Summer Research Connection"); organizing and hosting an NAGT conference aimed at Geoscience teachers at community colleges; participating in teacher training workshops (organized by the local school district); hosting tours for K-12 students from local schools as well as from China; and bringing hands-on activities into local elementary, middle, and high school classrooms. We also lead local school students and teachers on geology field trips through nearby canyons; develop education modules for undergraduate classes (as part of MARGINS program); write educational web articles on TO research (http://www.tectonics.caltech.edu/outreach/highlights/), and regularly give presentations to the general public. This year, we started providing content expertise for the development of video games to teach Earth Science, being created by GameDesk Institute. And we have just formed a scientist/educator partnership with a 6th grade teacher, to help in the school district's pilot program to incorporate new national science standards (NSTA's Next Generation Science Standards, current draft), as well as use Project-Based Learning. This presentation gives an overview of these activities.

  4. ZTF Undergraduate Astronomy Institute at Caltech and Pomona College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penprase, Bryan Edward; Bellm, Eric Christopher

    2017-01-01

    From the new Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), an NSF funded project based at Caltech, comes a new initiative for undergraduate research known as the Summer Undergraduate Astronomy Institute. The Institute brings together 15-20 students from across the world for an immersive experience in astronomy techniques before they begin their summer research projects. The students are primarly based at Caltech in their SURF program but also includes a large cohort of students enrolled in research internships at Pomona College in nearby Claremont CA. The program is intended to introduce students to research techniques in astronomy, laboratory and computational technologies, and to observational astronomy. Since many of the students are previously computer science or physics majors with little astronomy experience, this immersive experience has been extremely helpful for enabling students to learn about the terminologies, techniques and technologies of astronomy. The field trips to the Mount Wilson and Palomar telescopes deepen their knowledge and excitement about astronomy. Lectures about astronomical research from Caltech staff scientists and graduate students also provide context for the student research. Perhaps more importantly, the creation of a cohort of like-minded students, and the chance to reflect about careers in astronomy and research, give these students opportunities to consider themselves as future research scientists and help them immensely as they move forward in their careers. We discuss some of the social and intercultural aspects of the experience as well, as our cohorts typically include international students from many countries and several students from under-represented groups in science.

  5. Repurposing the Caltech Robinson Hall Coelostat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treffers, Richard R.; Loisos, G.; Ubbelohde, M.; Douglas, S.; Martinez, M.

    2013-01-01

    We describe the repurposing of the historic coelostat atop Caltech’s Robinson Hall for building lighting, public education and scientific research. The coelostat was originally part of George Ellery Hale’s vision of the Astrophysical Laboratory on the Caltech campus in 1932. The coelostat, designed by Russell Porter, has a 36 inch diameter primary mirror a 30 inch diameter secondary mirror and provides a 24 inch un-vignetted beam of sunlight into the building. Although constructed in the 1930s, due to wartime pressures and other projects, it was used only briefly in the 1970s and never fully realized. Recently Robinson Hall has been fully renovated to house the Ronald and Maxine Linde Center for Global Environmental Science. The coelostat operation was modernized replacing the old motors and automating all the motions. Each morning, if the weather cooperates, the dome slit opens, the mirrors configured and sunlight pours into the building. The beam of sunlight is divided into three parts. One part goes into a refracting telescope which projects a ten inch diameter of the sun onto a ground glass screen visible to the public. A second fraction is distributed to fiber optic fixtures that illuminate some of the basement rooms. The final fraction goes into two laboratories where it is used in experiments monitoring trace constituents of our atmosphere and for solar catalysis experiments. The instrument as originally conceived required at least two human operators. Now it is fully automatic and doing real science

  6. 2016 Research Final Presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koskelo, EliseAnne Corinne [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-08-16

    These are slides which show an example of research at Los Alamos National Laboratory done by E.C. Koskelo to show college professors in the hopes of earning a research position or fellowship position. In summary, this researcher developed a new in-situ technique for the inspection of additively manufactured parts, created an algorithm which can correct "skewed" scans of angular parts/taken at oblique angles, and used AWS to detect hidden defects and thickness changes in aerospace composites.

  7. 350 micron Polarimetry from the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory

    CERN Document Server

    Dotson, Jessie L; Kirby, Larry; Dowell, C Darren; Hildebrand, Roger H; Davidson, Jacqueline A

    2010-01-01

    We present a summary of data obtained with the 350 micron polarimeter, Hertz, at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. We give tabulated results and maps showing polarization vectors and flux contours. The summary includes over 4300 individual measurements in 56 Galactic sources and 2 galaxies. Of these measurements, 2153 have P >= 3\\sigma_p statistical significance. The median polarization of the entire data set is 1.46%.

  8. Presenting and Evaluating Qualitative Research

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Claire

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to help authors to think about ways to present qualitative research papers in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. It also discusses methods for reviewers to assess the rigour, quality, and usefulness of qualitative research. Examples of different ways to present data from interviews, observations, and focus groups are included. The paper concludes with guidance for publishing qualitative research and a checklist for authors and reviewers.

  9. Research Ethics Timeline (1932-Present)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... conflicts of interest. Penn settles with the Gelsinger family for an undisclosed amount of money. 1999-present Human research lawsuits increase dramatically. Alan Milstein, from the law firm Sherman, Silverstein, Kohl, Rose & Podolsky, P.A., instigates ...

  10. CERN and Caltech join forces to smash Internet speed record

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    CERN and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) will receive an award for transferring over a Terabyte of data across 7,000 km of network at 5.44 gigabits per second (Gbps), smashing the old record of 2.38 Gbps achieved in February between CERN in Geneva and Sunnyvale in California by a Caltech, CERN, Los Alamos National Laboratory and SLAC team (1/2 page).

  11. Don L. Anderson and the Caltech Seismo Lab

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The following reminiscences and recollections, scientific and otherwise, were contributed by Don Anderson’s scientific colleagues. Incomplete though they are, they give a flavor of the extraordinary range of Don’s activities, his influence on Earth science, and the phenomenon that was the Caltech Seismological Laboratory in his time.

  12. Caltech computer scientists develop FAST protocol to speed up Internet

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Caltech computer scientists have developed a new data transfer protocol for the Internet fast enough to download a full-length DVD movie in less than five seconds. The protocol is called FAST, standing for Fast Active queue management Scalable Transmission Control Protocol" (1 page).

  13. Heterodyne Receiver Development at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory

    OpenAIRE

    Kooi, J. W.

    2009-01-01

    The Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) operates at the summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii, at an elevation of 4200 m. The site was chosen for its very dry climate and stable atmosphere, enabling submillimeter observations in the astrophysically important 1.3 mm to 300 μm atmospheric windows. Ever since its inception, the CSO has proven itself to be a productive test-bed for new detector technologies. In this paper we review the heterodyne (coherent) receiver development at the CSO, and highligh...

  14. How to present and publish research results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dekanski Aleksandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The end of each research is to present its results to the public, especially to those who are engaged in similar research. This is particularly true for scientific research. Scientific paper is written report that contains a presentation of the results of the original scientific research. Its format is defined by centuries-old tradition of writing, the editorial practices of the publishers, scientific ethics, accepted standards and requirements of modern printing and publishing. Unfortunately, the experience of the publishers and editors of scientific books and journals show that a large number of submitted contributions are not meeting the minimum requirements to be even considered. This article indicates the most important principles that one should have in mind during creation of full text paper or presentation of scientific results.

  15. Technology Development for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory Balanced Receivers

    CERN Document Server

    Kooi, J W; Monje, R; Force, B; Miller, D; Phillips, T G

    2012-01-01

    The Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) is located on top of Mauna Kea, Hawaii, at an altitude of 4.2 km. The existing suite of facility heterodyne receivers covering the submillimeter band is rapidly aging and in need of replacement. To facilitate deep integrations and automated spectral line surveys, a family of remote programmable, synthesized, dual-frequency balanced receivers covering the astronomical important 180 - 720 GHz atmospheric windows is in an advanced stage of development. Installation of the first set of receivers is expected in the spring of 2012. Dual-frequency observation will be an important mode of operation offered by the new facility instrumentation. Two band observations are accomplished by separating the H and V polarizations of the incoming signal and routing them via folded optics to the appropriate polarization sensitive balanced mixer. Scientifically this observation mode facilitates pointing for the higher receiver band under mediocre weather conditions and a doubling of sci...

  16. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1 Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2 environmental impact of construction projects 3 construction management and safety 4 project procurement 5 construction management for major public works & complex projects

  17. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1) Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2) environmental impact of construction projects 3) construction management and safety 4) project p...

  18. Researching Stonehenge: Theories Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Parker Pearson

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Over the years archaeologists connected with the Institute of Archaeology and UCL have made substantial contributions to the study of Stonehenge, the most enigmatic of all the prehistoric stone circles in Britain. Two of the early researchers were Petrie and Childe. More recently, colleagues in UCL’s Anthropology department – Barbara Bender and Chris Tilley – have also studied and written about the monument in its landscape. Mike Parker Pearson, who joined the Institute in 2012, has been leading a 10-year-long research programme on Stonehenge and, in this paper, he outlines the history and current state of research.

  19. Voyager, a journey into the unknown - an interview with Ed Stone (Caltech), Voyager project scientist

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video productions; Piotr Traczyk

    2012-01-01

    Voyager, a journey into the unknown - an interview with Ed Stone (Caltech), Voyager project scientist, interviewed on the 100th anniversary of the discovery of Cosmic Rays conference, Spaceparts, at CERN in November 2012.

  20. Present challenges of research and technology politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulow, A. V.

    1982-01-01

    Research and technology in Germany are discussed. The rapid transfer of scientific knowledge and techniques from the laboratory to the manufacturing and industrial communities is identified as a priority. It is recommended that the government give maximum support to the aviation and space flight industries.

  1. Present status of iodine research at IPSN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bardelay, J. [IPSN/DPEA/SEAC (France)

    1996-12-01

    Since several years, IPSN has conducted an effort in order to evaluate the release of radioactive iodine in case of hypothetical severe accident in a realistic manner. This source-term evaluation is performed with IODE code which is a module of the EXCADRE system of codes. This code is validated against: -analytical experiments: in these experiments, IPSN studies radiolytic effects and chemical processes in the sump, organic formation, mass transfer, effect of spray (CARAIDAS experiment), - the CAIMAN semi global experiment; this experiment will allow to study the phenomena linked to iodine behavior under representative containment geometry in the presence of painted surfaces and global irradiation, - the PHEBUS FP program. The paper consists to describe succinctly the current status of IODE and the various experiments for its validation. In case of hypothetical severe accident iodine can induce important perturbations of human organism. The effects are principally radiological, in particular on the thyroid. At short term, radioactive iodine is the most important contributor for the sanitary risk. It represents 55% of effective dose and 92% of thyroid dose at 10 km in case of controlled rejects with current assumptions. This is the reason why it must be actively studied. In France, the safety evaluations are performed with mechanistic codes or lumped parameter codes like EXCADRE which contains a module devoted to iodine studies: IODINE. The objective of the French experimental program on iodine is to understand and quantify important phenomena in order to put kinetic parameters in IODE module. The experiments can be classified in analytical experiments, the semi-global experiment CAIMAN which takes into account different phenomena studied in analytical experiments and the global experiment PHEBUS PF, not only devoted to iodine behavior study. In the following text we will present the needs of IODINE code and these different experiments. (author).

  2. California Institute of Technology: Caltech Energy Conservation Investment Program. Green Revolving Funds in Action: Case Study Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caine, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    The Caltech Energy Conservation Investment Program (CECIP) was initiated in 2009. It manages $8 million within an existing fund in the school's endowment, which had been created to finance capital projects. Any member of the Caltech community may submit a project proposal, and projects are considered for approval as long as they have at least a 15…

  3. Chautauqua County: Past and Present. Research Guide No. 53.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Franciska, Comp.

    A research guide citing over 100 annotations presents a variety of research material on Chautauqua County (New York) available in the Reed Library (Fredonia, New York). The guide consists of three major parts. Part 1 addresses the novice with an examination of the basic steps of research. Special attention is given to the card catalog. This part…

  4. African Primary Care Research: quantitative analysis and presentation of results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mash, Bob; Ogunbanjo, Gboyega A

    2014-06-06

    This article is part of a series on Primary Care Research Methods. The article describes types of continuous and categorical data, how to capture data in a spreadsheet, how to use descriptive and inferential statistics and, finally, gives advice on how to present the results in text, figures and tables. The article intends to help Master's level students with writing the data analysis section of their research proposal and presenting their results in their final research report.

  5. African Primary Care Research: Quantitative analysis and presentation of results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bob Mash

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is part of a series on Primary Care Research Methods. The article describes types of continuous and categorical data, how to capture data in a spreadsheet, how to use descriptive and inferential statistics and, finally, gives advice on how to present the results in text, figures and tables. The article intends to help Master’s level students with writing the data analysis section of their research proposal and presenting their results in their final research report.

  6. Ayurvedic research and methodology: Present status and future strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauhan, Ashutosh; Semwal, Deepak Kumar; Mishra, Satyendra Prasad; Semwal, Ruchi Badoni

    2015-01-01

    Ayurveda is a science of life with a holistic approach to health and personalized medicine. It is one of the oldest medical systems, which comprises thousands of medical concepts and hypothesis. Interestingly, Ayurveda has ability to treat many chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, arthritis, and asthma, which are untreatable in modern medicine. Unfortunately, due to lack of scientific validation in various concepts, this precious gift from our ancestors is trailing. Hence, evidence-based research is highly needed for global recognition and acceptance of Ayurveda, which needs further advancements in the research methodology. The present review highlights various fields of research including literary, fundamental, drug, pharmaceutical, and clinical research in Ayurveda. The review further focuses to improve the research methodology for Ayurveda with main emphasis on the fundamental research. This attempt will certainly encourage young researchers to work on various areas of research for the development and promotion of Ayurveda.

  7. The cryomechanical design of MUSIC: a novel imaging instrument for millimeter-wave astrophysics at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollister, Matthew I.; Czakon, Nicole G.; Day, Peter K.; Downes, Thomas P.; Duan, Ran; Gao, Jiansong; Glenn, Jason; Golwala, Sunil R.; LeDuc, Henry G.; Maloney, Philip R.; Mazin, Benjamin A.; Nguyen, Hien Trong; Noroozian, Omid; Sayers, Jack; Schlaerth, James; Siegel, Seth; Vaillancourt, John E.; Vayonakis, Anastasios; Wilson, Philip; Zmuidzinas, Jonas

    2010-07-01

    MUSIC (Multicolor Submillimeter kinetic Inductance Camera) is a new facility instrument for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (Mauna Kea, Hawaii) developed as a collaborative effect of Caltech, JPL, the University of Colorado at Boulder and UC Santa Barbara, and is due for initial commissioning in early 2011. MUSIC utilizes a new class of superconducting photon detectors known as microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs), an emergent technology that offers considerable advantages over current types of detectors for submillimeter and millimeter direct detection. MUSIC will operate a focal plane of 576 spatial pixels, where each pixel is a slot line antenna coupled to multiple detectors through on-chip, lumped-element filters, allowing simultaneously imaging in four bands at 0.86, 1.02, 1.33 and 2.00 mm. The MUSIC instrument is designed for closed-cycle operation, combining a pulse tube cooler with a two-stage Helium-3 adsorption refrigerator, providing a focal plane temperature of 0.25 K with intermediate temperature stages at approximately 50, 4 and 0.4 K for buffering heat loads and heat sinking of optical filters. Detector readout is achieved using semi-rigid coaxial cables from room temperature to the focal plane, with cryogenic HEMT amplifiers operating at 4 K. Several hundred detectors may be multiplexed in frequency space through one signal line and amplifier. This paper discusses the design of the instrument cryogenic hardware, including a number of features unique to the implementation of superconducting detectors. Predicted performance data for the instrument system will also be presented and discussed.

  8. Present status of research and development on underground disposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-11-01

    Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation published the technical report `Research and development of the formation disposal of high level radioactive waste` 1991 in 1992, summarizing the results of the research and development of the formation disposal which have been advanced by dividing into three parts, that is, the investigation and research of geological environment conditions, the research and development of disposal technologies, and the research on the performance evaluation. Based on the subjects pointed out during the process of making the technical report, the results of evaluation by the state, and the opinions of those concerned, the efforts are exerted toward the second summarization expected in about 2000. By informing the present state of the research and development, in order to accept the criticism and advice, this book was published. The way of thinking and the method of advancing of the research and development of formation disposal, the present state of the research on geological environment conditions, disposal technologies and the performance evaluation are described. Also the present state of the research on stratum science in Tono and Kamaishi mines and others is reported. (K.I.).

  9. OCLC's Office of Research: Past, Present and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, John V., Jr.

    1998-01-01

    Presents an overview of the Online Computer Library Center's (OCLC) Office of Research; describing its historical development within its institutional context, examining its present status, especially current projects; and predicting its future path. Provides a chronology of people, projects, and libraries involved in the OCLC Office of Research…

  10. Partnering for functional genomics research conference: Abstracts of poster presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    This reports contains abstracts of poster presentations presented at the Functional Genomics Research Conference held April 16--17, 1998 in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Attention is focused on the following areas: mouse mutagenesis and genomics; phenotype screening; gene expression analysis; DNA analysis technology development; bioinformatics; comparative analyses of mouse, human, and yeast sequences; and pilot projects to evaluate methodologies.

  11. Presentation of research in anesthesia: Culmination into publication?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Tyagi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To assess the quality of research presentations made in conferences, its success or failure to be published in a peer-reviewed journal is a well-accepted marker. However, there is no data regarding the publication of research presentations made in Indian conferences of anesthesiology. Objective: The primary objective was to determine publication rate of research presented at the largest and best attended national conference in anesthesiology, the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists′ Conference (ISACON, and also compare it with the rate from an international conference American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA annual meeting held in the same year. Materials and Methods: All 363 abstracts presented as poster or podium presentations at the ISACON, and an equal number of randomly selected abstracts presented at ASA annual meeting were searched on Pubmed and Google Scholar for their full-text publications in peer-reviewed journals using a standardized search strategy. As secondary observations, abstracts were assessed for completeness by noting certain components central to research methodology. Also, changes between abstract of the presentation and published paper were noted with respect to certain components. Results: The publication rate of presentations at ISACON and ASA meetings was 5% and 22%, respectively. The abstracts from ISACON lacked central components of research such as methods and statistical tests. The commonest change in the full-text publications as compared with the original abstract from both conferences was a change in authorship. Conclusion: Steps are required to augment full-text publication of Indian research, including a more rigorous peer review of abstracts submitted to ISACON to ensure their completeness.

  12. Present research on the composition and application of lac

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Xia; Li Jian-zhang; Fan Yong-ming; Jin Xiao-juan

    2006-01-01

    Lac is a natural polymer with atoxigenic, renewable, and naturally degradable characteristics. Nowadays, more and more attentions are paid to environment protection and resource conservation, so it has great significance to study the composition and application of lac. The paper summarizes the research of lac composition and emphasizes on the present research of lac resin. The applications of lac are also introduced. In addition, some suggestions are proposed, which is expected to provide some scientific references for further studies of lac.

  13. Strange Happenings in the Dungeons- A new detector group at Caltech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, R.

    In anticipation of the 30-m California Extremely Large Telescope (CELT), Caltech is increasing its depth of expertise in instrumentation, adaptive optics and detectors, to a level not seen for many decades. A single detector group will address both optical and IR needs for science and wavefront sensors with common technology wherever possible. The team is deploying several cameras on Palomar Mountain, and is beginning work on the Keck IR Multi-object Spectrograph. Development projects include testing low-noise amplifiers for IR adaptive optics and testing the 32-channel ASIC for the Rockwell Hawaii-2RG.

  14. International Arctic Research Collaborations: Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kintisch, E. S.

    2015-12-01

    International cooperation on Arctic research has a long and storied history, predating even the first International Polar Year in 1881. But scientists want to improve and expand current efforts to conduct international Arctic research, despite politcal and legal barriers that can hamper it. A review of the past and present aspects of such research can inform that effort. As part of a six month fellowship at the Center for Science Diplomacy at the American Association for the Advancement of Science I studied the history and current status of international cooperation in the Arctic. I will report on my findings, which include the fact that some of the first substantial international environmental research and regulatory cooperation began in the far North. My session will identify the elements that make international research collaborations successful, for example more than a century of cooperative work by Russian and Norwegian fishery scientists to monitor and regulate the cod trade in the Barents Sea. And it will explore the challenges that can threaten such collaborations. These can include rules that stymie data collection, block the import of certain analytical equipment across national boundaries, and bar the export of soil or water samples. I will mention specific complications to recent international arctic research projects. These include the SWERUS cruise, a joint effort between Sweden, Russia and the US, an effort to study carbon fluxes over the East Siberian Arctic Shelf in 2014. The session will also review progress towards a new international agreeement, first proposed by the US, on improving arctic research cooperation. That deal is focused on removing the bureacratic and legal barriers to scientists seeking to conduct arctic research on foreign waters and land.

  15. Publication outcomes for research presented at a Canadian surgical conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Sean A.; Roche-Nagle, Graham

    2017-01-01

    Background The failure of investigators to publish research in peer-reviewed journals following acceptance at a national or international meeting can lead to significant publication biases in the literature. Our objective was to evaluate the abstract to manuscript conversion rate for abstracts presented at the Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery (CSVS) annual meeting and to evaluate the conversion rate for CSVS-awarded research grants. Methods We searched for authors of abstracts accepted at the CSVS Annual Meeting (2007–2013) and recipients of CSVS research awards (2005–2013) on Scopus and PubMed databases to identify related publications. Results We identified 84 publications from 188 research abstracts (45%) and 17 publications from 39 research grants (44%). The mean time to publication was 1.8 years and the mean impact factor was 2.7. Studies related to endovascular therapies demonstrated a trend toward a higher rate of publication relative to open surgical therapies (64 [56%] v. 37 [27%]). Additionally, we observed a similar trend in research grant topics related to endovascular therapies relative to open surgical therapies (9 [67%] v. 8 [38%]). Finally, CSVS research grant recipients who subsequently published had a significantly higher h-index at the time of receipt than those who had not published. Conclusion The CSVS annual meeting’s abstract to publication conversion rate is comparable to that of its Canadian peers as well as to other medical specialties; however, a substantial publication gap remains. We identified several potential areas that may help to improve the effectiveness of CSVS research grants. PMID:28234220

  16. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Henrique Freire Vieira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This dossier focuses on one of the essential debate topics today about the territorial dimension of the new development strategies concerned with the worsening of the global socioecological crisis, that is: the challenges related to the activation and integration in networks of localized agri-food systems. For its composition, some contributions presented and debated during the VI International Conference on Localized Agri-food System - The LAFS facing the opportunities and challenges of the new global context have been gathered. The event took place in the city of Florianópolis, from May 21th to 25th of 2013. The event was promoted by the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC and by the Center for the International Cooperation on Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD. Besides UFSC and CIRAD, EPAGRI, State University of Santa Catarina (UDESC, as well as research institutes and universities from other states (UFMG, IEA/SP, UFS, UFRGS and Mexican and Argentinian partners from the RED SIAL Latino Americana also participated in the organization of lectures, discussion tables and workshops.

  17. The Present Situation and Development Research of Recreation Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Quan; ZHOU; Guoqin; HUANG; Qiguo; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    With the continuous development of society,the problem of the tourism also appears more outstanding.The article analyzed the relationship between ecotourism and recreation ecology on the basis of the understanding and researching,and put recreation ecology forward a deeper level of request.How to develop the tourism,including ecotourism,is the problem to be solved.Five research methods about recreation ecology were introduced,namely the field survey method,the positioning method,the ecological simulation method,the modern information technology method and the tourism evaluation and planning method,from the point of view of research methods to elaborate the present situation of recreation ecology at home and abroad.The relationship of recreation ecology and landscape ecology,landscape architecture,biological statistics and the potential were discussed at the end of the article.

  18. The Past, Present and Future of Cybernetics and Systems Research

    CERN Document Server

    Gershenson, Carlos; Erdi, Peter; Hofkirchner, Wolfgang; Knyazeva, Helena; Laszlo, Alexander; Thurner, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Cybernetics and Systems Research (CSR) were developed in the mid-twentieth century, offering the possibility of describing and comparing different phenomena using the same language. The concepts which originated in CSR have spread to practically all disciplines, many now used within the scientific study of complex systems. CSR has the potential to contribute to the solution of relevant problems, but the path towards this goal is not straightforward. This paper summarizes the ideas presented by the authors during a round table in 2012 on the past, present and future of CSR.

  19. Hydroxyl, hydroperoxyl, and OH reactivity during the FIXCIT study in the CalTech environmental chamber in January 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brune, W. H.; Zhang, L.; Seinfeld, J.; Tyndall, G. S.; Teng, A.; St Clair, J. M.; Nguyen, T.; Wennberg, P. O.; Crounse, J.; Miller, D. O.; Keutsch, F. N.; Romer, P.; Feiner, P. A.; Schwantes, R.

    2015-12-01

    Progress is being made in understanding the oxidation chemistry in forests that are rich in biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs). Newly described detailed chemical mechanisms are able to describe the newly measured BVOC oxidation products, bringing measurements and model closer together. At the same time, new measurement strategies have surmounted recently discovered interferences in some instruments that measure hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl and the measured hydroxyl now appears to be in much better agreement with the model values. While some of this progress has been made by making measurements in the forests, much of it has been made with studies in laboratories and environmental chambers. In this presentation, we report on the measurements of hydroxyl, hydroperoxyl, and OH reactivity that were made during the FIXCIT campaign in the CalTech environmental chamber in January 2014. These measurements will be compared to other methods of determining these species and to model results. In addition, we will present observations of the behavior of the OH interference signal observed by our instrument and will speculate on its possible cause.

  20. Present role of PIXE in atmospheric aerosol research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maenhaut, Willy, E-mail: Willy.Maenhaut@UGent.be

    2015-11-15

    In the 1980s and 1990s nearly half of the elemental analyses of atmospheric aerosol samples were performed by PIXE. Since then, other techniques for elemental analysis became available and there has been a steady increase in studies on organic aerosol constituents and other aspects of aerosols, especially in the areas of nucleation (new particle formation), optical properties, and the role of aerosol particles in cloud formation and properties. First, a brief overview and discussion is given of the developments and trends in atmospheric aerosol analysis and research of the past three decades. Subsequently, it is indicated that there is still invaluable work to be done by PIXE in atmospheric aerosol research, especially if one teams up with other aerosol researchers and performs complementary measurements, e.g., on small aerosol samples that are taken with high-time resolution. Fine examples of such research are the work done by the Lund group in the CARIBIC aircraft studies and the analysis of circular streaker samples by the Florence PIXE group. These and other examples are presented and other possibilities of PIXE are indicated.

  1. Present role of PIXE in atmospheric aerosol research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maenhaut, Willy

    2015-11-01

    In the 1980s and 1990s nearly half of the elemental analyses of atmospheric aerosol samples were performed by PIXE. Since then, other techniques for elemental analysis became available and there has been a steady increase in studies on organic aerosol constituents and other aspects of aerosols, especially in the areas of nucleation (new particle formation), optical properties, and the role of aerosol particles in cloud formation and properties. First, a brief overview and discussion is given of the developments and trends in atmospheric aerosol analysis and research of the past three decades. Subsequently, it is indicated that there is still invaluable work to be done by PIXE in atmospheric aerosol research, especially if one teams up with other aerosol researchers and performs complementary measurements, e.g., on small aerosol samples that are taken with high-time resolution. Fine examples of such research are the work done by the Lund group in the CARIBIC aircraft studies and the analysis of circular streaker samples by the Florence PIXE group. These and other examples are presented and other possibilities of PIXE are indicated.

  2. Water research to support society: past, present and future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arheimer, Berit

    2014-05-01

    Scientists are nowadays claiming that we are leaving the geological era of Holocene and have entered the Anthropocene (the Age of Man), a man-made world, in which humans are not observers of nature but central to its workings and commanding the planet's features, fluxes and material cycles. Both the hydrological and the biogeochemical cycles are radically changed compared to pristine conditions and the biodiversity is radically declining as the human population is growing. The co-evolution between society and environment is complex and not always reversible and we therefore need more research on effects of change to raise awareness and prepare for consequences. Many problems caused by humans are also well recognized and can be remediated. As the society develops also the environmental concerns normally becomes more important leading to remedial measures and pollution control. The change in water quality for many rivers world-wide shows similar flux over time related to level of economic development, going from deterioration to recovery as an effect of improved water management. Water management is of major importance for sustainable development, both for efficient water use and ecosystem protection. Water management should be based on (i) best available site information and (ii) best practices from understanding cause-effect relationships; yet, large areas still remains un-monitored and the relations between processes are complex and often not well understood. These knowledge gaps hamper the societal development and are thus two key challenges to address in the hydrological sciences initiative Panta Rhei. This presentation will address some of these challenges for water research in the past, present and future. Hydrology is by tradition an applied research, in which scientific questions co-evolve with societal needs. This will be exemplified this by giving a brief overview of the shift in research questions at one national institute, SMHI, during the last 100 years

  3. From university research to commercial product (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathuis, Philip

    2016-03-01

    Ovizio Imaging Systems, a quantitative microscopic imaging spin-off of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, was founded in the beginning of 2010 by Philip Mathuis, Serge Jooris, Prof. Frank Dubois and Dr. Catherine Yourassowky. The company has launched a range of specialized microscopy instruments for quantitative imaging mainly focused on the bioprocessing and diagnostics fields within the life sciences market. During my talk I will present the story of how an idea, emerged from the research labs of the University made it to a manufactured and sold product. The talk will look at many aspects of entrepreneurship and setting up a company, finding the funding for the project, attracting people, industrialization and product design and commercialization. It will also be focused on choices one has to make during the start-up phase and methodologies that can be applied in many different settings.

  4. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vicente

    2013-06-01

    effectivities more than a number of fixed essential characteristics. Luiz Artur Ferrareto (UFRGS, undertaking a theoretical proposal for categorizing radio content in four different levels of planning (segment, form, programming and content itself tries to “compare and contrast the practices of Brazilian commercial broadcasting companies to those used on the radio in the United States, a reference market for our national entrepreneurs”. Madalena Oliveira (University of Minho focuses on the current stage of communication researches in Portugal reflecting on the challenges for studying a culture based on listening in times of looking. Marko Ala-Fossi, (University of Tampere beginning with the statement that “radio evolution greatly depends not only on the cultural context of a country but also on the whole social, political, economic development of societies” gives us a projection on radio development around the world for the next decades. Closing the dossier, Rafael Duarte Oliveira Venancio (UFU assuming radio as language by definition and not as a device understands it as a section and an operating model in such language as it intersects the world. Another six articles, not enrolled in the dossier, round the edition off. Fernando de Tacca debates the category of “photocine” recurring to three recent Spanish productions. Gustavo Souza investigates the possibility of identifying a point of view in documentary movies while establishing a debate that joins the materialities of image and sound with the subjectivity resulting from interpretation. Vinicius Bandeira develops on the special duplicity present in the movies between what is and what is not subsumed by the camera. Neide Jallageas proposes the study of visual communication design from the first modelings, attempting especially to the radical propositions from the early XXth century avant-garde movement. Gilson Schwartz debates on the impact from the distribution of videogames as hegemonic cultural practice in

  5. Past, present, and future of public service motivation research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandenabeele, Wouter; Brewer, Gene A.; Ritz, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the evolution of almost 25 years of public service motivation research in order to identify what is necessary to raise future research to a higher level. First, we look at the rise in public service motivation research and try to provide an explanation for the increasing number

  6. Underwater acoustic communication research at TNO-Past and present

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dol, H.; Walree, P. van

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of more than 12 years of underwater acoustic communication research at the Sonar Department of TNO The Hague. The research covered both point-to-point links and relay networks, from long-range covert communication to short-range high-data-rate communication, for both

  7. Haematology research in India: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Kanjaksha

    2011-06-01

    Haematology research in India is relatively recent in origin. However the pioneers in the field not only did exemplary work when compared to advanced western countries, they also made it a point to develop centres of excellence and human resources for future of haematology work in this country. In this brief overview an effort has been made to give a taste of quality and expanse of haematology research in this country. This review does not claim to have described every bit of haematology research in this country. Our pioneers worked under extremely difficult and trying circumstances on a subject which was limited to funding available from Indian Council of Medical Research. Now the times have changed, several funding agencies in the country are able to provide substantial fund for research. Modern state of the art basic research institutions are tying up with medical colleges for good quality research and the seeds which our pioneers had planted have grown into a mighty tree. It would not be an exaggeration to say we are on the threshold of the golden era of haematology research in this country.

  8. Beyond Synthesis: Re-Presenting Heterogeneous Research Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylvester, Allan; Tate, Mary; Johnstone, David

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the nature, role and function of the literature review in academic discourse. Researchers in information systems (IS) are often advised to espouse a neutral viewpoint and adapt the goal of synthesising previous literature when conducting a literature review. However, since research literature in many areas of IS is diverse…

  9. Information Presentation and Troubleshooting in Electrical Circuits. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kester, Liesbeth; Kirschner, Paul; van Merrienboer, Jeroen

    2004-01-01

    While learning a complex skill in science using a computer-based simulation, optimal timing of information presentation facilitates learning and enhances test performance. An optimal information presentation format is proposed: supportive information is presented before practising a skill, and procedural information is presented during practice.…

  10. Sex and gender in psychoneuroimmunology research: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darnall, Beth D; Suarez, Edward C

    2009-07-01

    To date, research suggests that sex and gender impact pathways central to the foci of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). This review provides a historical perspective on the evolution of sex and gender in psychoneuroimmunology research. Gender and sexually dimorphic pathways may have synergistic effects on health differences in men and women. We provide an overview of the literature of sex and gender differences in brain structure and function, sex steroids, gender role identification, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function, genetics, immunology and cytokine response. Specific examples shed light on the importance of attending to sex and gender methodology in PNI research and recommendations are provided.

  11. Present state and future planning on research cooperation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maeda, Atsushi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1997-09-01

    NUCEF is a comprehensive large scale research facility to conduct from critical safety study to study on nuclear fuel cycle back end, and aims to be a kerneled research place by intending its effective application through common application due to colaboration and others. Therefore, NUCEF hopes to promote active research cooperation with various research institutes in or out of Japan and wide development. NUCEF held the 1st International Symposium NUCEF`95 in 1995, to discuss the engineering safety of nuclear fuel recycle facility. Subsequently, NUCEF`98 will hold next year, to intend to promote studies relating to nuclear fuel recycle from an international view. And also, it will intend to promote positively cooperation in response to needs with relating institutes, and private companies as well as to expect some innovative studies to create new techniques through colaboration with universities. (G.K.)

  12. Cornell Caltech Atacama Telescope (CCAT): a 25 m aperture telescope above 5000 m altitude

    CERN Document Server

    Sebring, T A; Radford, S; Zmuidzinas, J; Sebring, Thomas A.; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Radford, Simon; Zmuidzinas, Jonas

    2006-01-01

    Cornell, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) have joined together to study development of a 25 meter sub-millimeter telescope (CCAT) on a high peak in the Atacama region of northern Chile, where the atmosphere is so dry as to permit observation at wavelengths as short as 200 micron. The telescope is designed to deliver high efficiency images at that wavelength with a total 1/2 wavefront error of about 10 microns. With a 20 arc min field of view, CCAT will be able to accommodate large format bolometer arrays and will excel at carrying out surveys as well as resolving structures to the 2 arc sec. resolution level. The telescope will be an ideal complement to ALMA. Initial instrumentation will include both a wide field bolometer camera and a medium resolution spectrograph. Studies of the major telescope subsystems have been performed as part of an initial Feasibility Concept Study. Novel aspects of the telescope design include kinematic mounting and active positioning of pr...

  13. Hard X-Ray Burst Detected From Caltech Plasma Jet Experiment Magnetic Reconnection Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Ryan S.; Bellan, Paul M.

    2016-10-01

    In the Caltech plasma jet experiment a 100 kA MHD driven jet becomes kink unstable leading to a Rayleigh-Taylor instability that quickly causes a magnetic reconnection event. Movies show that the Rayleigh-Taylor instability is simultaneous with voltage spikes across the electrodes that provide the current that drives the jet. Hard x-rays between 4 keV and 9 keV have now been observed using an x-ray scintillator detector mounted just outside of a kapton window on the vacuum chamber. Preliminary results indicate that the timing of the x-ray burst coincides with a voltage spike on the electrodes occurring in association with the Rayleigh-Taylor event. The x-ray signal accompanies the voltage spike and Rayleigh-Taylor event in approximately 50% of the shots. A possible explanation for why the x-ray signal is sometimes missing is that the magnetic reconnection event may be localized to a specific region of the plasma outside the line of sight of the scintillator. The x-ray signal has also been seen accompanying the voltage spike when no Rayleigh-Taylor is observed. This may be due to the interframe timing on the camera being longer than the very short duration of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability.

  14. Development of a Thomson scattering diagnostic for the Caltech jet-target experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Byong Hoon; Greig, Amelia; Bellan, Paul

    2016-10-01

    A Thomson scattering diagnostic is being developed for studying the Caltech jet-target impact experiment. This experiment has a high-speed MHD-driven jet impact a dense, high-mass target cloud. The compression of the jet upon impact simulates the compression of an imploding liner. A preliminary bench top system consisting of a low power laser, lenses, a beam rotator, a monochromator, and a PMT is being used for measuring the Rayleigh and eventually Raman scattering signals from atmospheric pressure N2 and O2. The laser is modulated at 500 Hz to 1 kHz and lock-in techniques are used to recover the low-amplitude signal. For the actual pulsed plasma experiment, the low-power laser will be replaced by a high power Nd:YAG laser. The detector will consist of a double monochromator consisting of two single monochromators separated by a mask in the focal plane to block Rayleigh scattered light; detection will be by an intensified, gated camera. The diagnostic will be used to study the compression and heating that occurs when the jet plasma collides with a dense, high mass target cloud. Supported by USDOE Grant DE-AR0000565.

  15. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Renders

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available We present to our esteemed readers the second edition of our journal for 2008. We have chosen the theme “The life and work of Prof. Dr. Jürgen Moltmann” as its special emphasis. It is our way to pay homage to J. Moltmann in the year the Universidade Metodista de São Paulo awards him an honorary Doctor Honoris Causa degree. Sincethe seventies, Moltmann and Latin America have been in dialog. In his emblematic work “A Theology of Liberation”, Gustavo Gutiérrez, the Catholic, discussed with Moltmann, the Reformed, the relationship between eschatology and history (GUTIÉRREZ, Gustavo.Teologia da Libertação. 5ª edição. Petrópolis, RJ: Vozes, 1985, p. 27, 137-139. A dialog held in the premises of IMS, which nowadays is called UMESP, has produced the little book “Passion for life” (MOLTMANN, Jürgen. Paixão pela vida. São Paulo, SP: ASTE - Associaçãode Seminários Teológicos Evangélicos, 1978.In the following years, the wide theological work of J. Moltmann went all the way from debates to congresses and has conquered the classrooms. Most probably, J. Moltmann is nowadays the most widely read European author in Brazilian theological seminaries. Thisrecognition can only be held in unison and the wide response to our request for articles confirms the huge repercussion that Moltmann’s work has been having up to today in Brazil. The ecumenical theologian J. Moltmann is ecumenically read. We believe that thisway we may be better equipped to answer to anyone who asks us for the reason there is hope in us. We have organized the articles on J. Moltmann’s theology according to the original publication date of the books dealt with in each essay. We also communicate that some articles which were originally requested for this edition of the journal will be published in the journal Estudos de Regilião in May 2009.As it is usual with the journal Caminhando, we have, besides this thematic emphasis, yet other contributions in the areas of

  16. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicanor Lopes

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The Journal Caminhando debuts with a new editorial format: eachmagazine will have a Dossier.In 2010 Christianity celebrated the centenary of Edinburgh. TheWorld Missionary Conference in Edinburgh in 1910 is regarded by manyas missiological watershed in the missionary and ecumenical movement.So the Faculty of Theology of the Methodist Church (FATEO decidedto organize a Wesleyan Week discussing the issue of mission. For anevent of this magnitude FATEO invited the Rev. Dr. Wesley Ariarajah,Methodist pastor and teacher of Sri Lanka with extensive experience inpastoral ministry in local churches and professor of History of Religionsand the New Testament at the Theological College of Lanka, maintainedby the Protestant Churches in Sri Lanka. In 1981 he was invited to jointhe World Council of Churches, where he presided for over ten years theCouncil of Interreligious Dialogue. From 1992 he served as Deputy GeneralSecretary of the WCC.The following texts are not the speeches of the Rev. Dr. WesleyAriarajah, for they will be published separately. Nevertheless, the journaldialogs with the celebrations of the centenary of Edinburgh, parting formthe intriguing theme: "Mission in the 21st century in Brazil". After all, howis it that mission takes place among us in personal, church, and communityactivities?Within the Dossier, as common to the journal, the textos are organizedas follows: Bible, Theology / History and Pastoral Care. Other items thatdo not fit within the Dossier, but, do articulate mission, can be found inthe section Declarations and Documents and Book Reviews.The authors of the Dossier have important considerations in buildinga contemporary missiological concept considering Brazilian reality.Anderson de Oliveira, in the Bible-Section, presents a significantexegeses of Matthew 26.6-13. What does it mean when Jesus is quotedwith the words: "For the poor always ye have with you, but me ye havenot always." Is this declaration challenging the gospels

  17. Clinical cancer research: the past, present and the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVita, Vincent T; Eggermont, Alexander M M; Hellman, Samuel; Kerr, David J

    2014-11-01

    In the past decade, we have witnessed unprecedented changes and some remarkable advances that have enabled true personalized medicine. Nevertheless, many challenges in clinical cancer research remain and need to be overcome if we are to witness similar progress in the next decade. Such hurdles include, but are not limited to, clinical development and testing of multiple agents in combination, design of clinical trials to best accommodate the ever increasing knowledge of heterogeneity of the disease, regulatory challenges relating to drug development and trial design, and funding for basic research. With this in mind, we asked four leading cancer researchers from around the world, and who have been associated with the journal since its launch in November 2004 what, in their opinion, we have learnt over the past 10 years and how we should progress in the next 10 years.

  18. The past and present of blast injury research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Zhao; Yuan-Guo Zhou

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing incidence of blast injury,the research on its mechanisms and protective measures draws more and more attention.Blast injury has many characteristics different from general war injuries or trauma.For example,soldiers often have various degrees of visceral injury without significant surface damage,combined injuries and arterial air embolism.Researchers in China began to investigate blast injury later than the United States and Sweden,but the development is so fast that lots of achievements have been gained,including the development of biological shock tube,the mechanisms and characteristics of blast injury in various organs,as well as protective measures under special environments.This article reviews the past and current situation of blast injury research in China.

  19. DOE Automotive Composite Materials Research: Present and Future Efforts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, C.D.

    1999-08-10

    One method of increasing automotive energy efficiency is through mass reduction of structural components by the incorporation of composite materials. Significant use of glass reinforced polymers as structural components could yield a 20--30% reduction in vehicle weight while the use of carbon fiber reinforced materials could yield a 40--60% reduction in mass. Specific areas of research for lightweighting automotive components are listed, along with research needs for each of these categories: (1) low mass metals; (2) polymer composites; and (3) ceramic materials.

  20. Research on Community Bands: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohwer, Debbie

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this review of literature was to synthesize findings of studies investigating community bands. This review of literature centers on research that has been conducted on community bands in status studies, historical/cultural studies, pedagogical studies, health and wellness studies, and intergenerational studies. The last section of…

  1. Studies in Teaching 1999 Research Digest. Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 1999).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    This publication presents a collection of research projects presented at the Annual Research Forum at Wake Forest University: "The Use of Group Work as an Effective Teaching Technique in Lower Level Spanish Classes" (James Blackburn); "What Are the Real Factors behind Student Motivation?" (Matthew Grey Burdick); "Can…

  2. Past, Present, and Future of Traumatic Brain Injury Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawryluk, Gregory W J; Bullock, M Ross

    2016-10-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the greatest cause of death and severe disability in young adults; its incidence is increasing in the elderly and in the developing world. Outcome from severe TBI has improved dramatically as a result of advancements in trauma systems and supportive critical care, however we remain without a therapeutic which acts directly to attenuate brain injury. Recognition of secondary injury and its molecular mediators has raised hopes for such targeted treatments. Unfortunately, over 30 late-phase clinical trials investigating promising agents have failed to translate a therapeutic for clinical use. Numerous explanations for this failure have been postulated and are reviewed here. With this historical context we review ongoing research and anticipated future trends which are armed with lessons from past trials, new scientific advances, as well as improved research infrastructure and funding. There is great hope that these new efforts will finally lead to an effective therapeutic for TBI as well as better clinical management strategies.

  3. Sleep Apnea Research in Animals. Past, Present, and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chopra, Swati; Polotsky, Vsevolod Y; Jun, Jonathan C

    2016-03-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that describes recurrent collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Animal models have been pivotal to the understanding of OSA pathogenesis, consequences, and treatment. In this review, we highlight the history of OSA research in animals and include the discovery of animals with spontaneous OSA, the induction of OSA in animals, and the emulation of OSA using exposures to intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation.

  4. Nephrology research--the past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floege, Jürgen; Mak, Robert H; Molitoris, Bruce A; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Ronco, Pierre

    2015-11-01

    Important advances have been made in basic and clinical nephrology research over the past decade, with improved pathological insights into various disease processes and the introduction of new treatments for diseases such as atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome. However, many challenges remain. In this Viewpoint, we asked five Nature Reviews Nephrology Advisory Board members, who have been associated with the journal since its launch in November 2005, to reflect on the progress and roadblocks of the past 10 years. They also comment on areas where effort and money should be invested and how they expect the field to progress in the next 10 years.

  5. Researching Disturbed, Disturbing Art: Using Typography to Re/Present Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loveless, Douglas J.; Bhattacharya, Kakali; Griffith, Bryant

    2012-01-01

    This paper argues that typography can be an affective re/presentational strategy when used as a medium within the research framework of arts-based inquiry. Grounded in a larger comparative case study exploring the experiences of two elementary teachers in south Texas, the purpose of this paper is to (1) situate typography within the field of…

  6. Automotive Technology and Human Factors Research: Past, Present, and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Motoyuki Akamatsu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the history of automotive technology development and human factors research, largely by decade, since the inception of the automobile. The human factors aspects were classified into primary driving task aspects (controls, displays, and visibility, driver workspace (seating and packaging, vibration, comfort, and climate, driver’s condition (fatigue and impairment, crash injury, advanced driver-assistance systems, external communication access, and driving behavior. For each era, the paper describes the SAE and ISO standards developed, the major organizations and conferences established, the major news stories affecting vehicle safety, and the general social context. The paper ends with a discussion of what can be learned from this historical review and the major issues to be addressed. A major contribution of this paper is more than 180 references that represent the foundation of automotive human factors, which should be considered core knowledge and should be familiar to those in the profession.

  7. Present and Future Automotive Composite Materials Research Efforts at DOE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, C.D.

    1999-07-03

    Automobiles of the future will be forced to travel fi.uther on a tank of fuel while discharging lower levels of pollutants. Currently, the United States uses in excess of 16.4 million barrels of petroleum per day. Sixty-six percent of that petroleum is used in the transportation of people and goods. Automobiles currently account for just under two-thirds of the nation's gasoline consumptio~ and about one-third of the total United States energy usage. [1] By improving transportation related fiel efficiency, the United States can lessen the impact that emissions have on our environment and provide a cleaner environment for fiture generations. In 1992, The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Transportation Materials completed a comprehensive program plan entitled, The Lightweight MateriaIs (LWko Multi-Year Program Plan, for the development of technologies aimed at reducing vehicle mass [2]. This plan was followed in 1997 by the more comprehensive Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies research and development plan titled, Energy Eficient Vehicles for a Cleaner Environment [3] which outlines the department's plans for developing more efficient vehicles during the next ~een years. Both plans identi~ potential applications, technology needs, and R&D priorities. The goal of the Lightweight Materials Program is to develop materials and primary processing methods for the fabrication of lighter weight components which can be incorporated into automotive systems. These technologies are intended to reduce vehicle weight, increase fuel efficiency and decrease emissions. The Lightweight Materials program is jointly managed by the Department of Energy(DOE) and the United States Automotive Materials Partnership (USAMP). Composite materiak program work is coordinated by cooperative research efforts between the DOE and the Automotive Composites Consortium (ACC).

  8. Research present situation and analysis on classification of rock drillability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhi-hong; MA Qin-yong

    2001-01-01

    Rock drillability reflects the drill bit fragments rock hardly or easily. At present, rock drillability classification indexes have rock single-axle compressive strength, point load intensity,fracture stress during chiseling, drill speed, chiseling specific work, acoustic parameter, cutting magnitude, and so on. Every index reflects rock drillability but isn't overall. It is feasible that using many indexes of fuzzy mathematics method etc. to evaluate rock drillability.

  9. Organic matter in carbonaceous meteorites: past, present and future research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sephton, Mark A

    2005-12-15

    Carbonaceous meteorites are fragments of ancient asteroids that have remained relatively unprocessed since the formation of the Solar System. These carbon-rich objects provide a record of prebiotic chemical evolution and a window on the early Solar System. Many compound classes are present reflecting a rich organic chemical environment during the formation of the planets. Recent theories suggest that similar extraterrestrial organic mixtures may have acted as the starting materials for life on Earth.

  10. Present state on research and development of underground disposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    In September, 1996, Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp. (PNC) arranged her old research and development (R and D) results to issue as a shape of `Technical report on R and D of high level radioactive waste underground disposal`. On the other hand, Radioactive waste special party in Committee of Atomic Energy at that time evaluated that technical possibility for safety establishment of underground disposal in Japan was elucidated and showed future problems in the technical development. Therefore, PNC proceeded further R and D for the second arrangement under consideration of such comments. As a result, in investigation of geological environment condition, main points were laid at study on rear-field feature and its long-term stability. In development of disposal technique, main points were laid at elucidation of design requirements confirmable to the near-field evaluation, main points were laid at upgrading validity of evaluation model to analytically evaluate the near-field feature using data with high reliability. (G.K.)

  11. The Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory at Caltech and the creation of the modern rocket motor (1936-1946): How the dynamics of rocket theory became reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zibit, Benjamin Seth

    This thesis explores and unfolds the story of discovery in rocketry at The California Institute of Technology---specifically at Caltech's Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory---in the 1930s and 1940s. Caltech was home to a small group of engineering students and experimenters who, beginning in the winter of 1935--1936, formed a study and research team destined to change the face of rocket science in the United States. The group, known as the Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory (GALCIT, for short) Rocket Research Group, invented a new type of solid-rocket propellant, made distinct and influential discoveries in the theory of rocket combustion and design, founded the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and incorporated the first American industrial concern devoted entirely to rocket motor production: The Aerojet Corporation. The theoretical work of team members, Frank Malina, Hsueh-shen Tsien, Homer J. Stewart, and Mark Mills, is examined in this thesis in detail. The author scrutinizes Frank Malina's doctoral thesis (both its assumptions and its mathematics), and finds that, although Malina's key assertions, his formulae, hold, his work is shown to make key assumptions about rocket dynamics which only stand the test of validity if certain approximations, rather than exact measurements, are accepted. Malina studied the important connection between motor-nozzle design and thrust; in his Ph.D. thesis, he developed mathematical statements which more precisely defined the design/thrust relation. One of Malina's colleagues on the Rocket Research Team, John Whiteside Parsons, created a new type of solid propellant in the winter of 1941--1942. This propellant, known as a composite propellant (because it simply was a relatively inert amalgam of propellant and oxidizer in non-powder form), became the forerunner of all modern solid propellants, and has become one of the seminal discoveries in the field of Twentieth Century rocketry. The latter chapters of this dissertation discuss the

  12. How to Present Anthropological Disaster Research-Review on Anthropological Research on Landslide Disasters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yuan; LAN Jie

    2013-01-01

    After the May 12 , 2008 earth-quake in Wenchuan , China ’ s anthropological disaster research received the opportunity for long-term development .However , its achievements have been relatively few , and most of the achieve-ments are only presented in the form of essays . This reflects that anthropological disaster research in China is still not mature .In particular , there is lack of ethnographic research on the occurrence and causes of disasters , and coping mechanisms . The publication of Anthropological Research on Landslide Disasters---Taking the “August 14 Landslide ” in Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County in Yunnan as a Case Study by Prof.Li Yongxiang has helped to address China ’ s defi-ciency in anthropological disaster research . This book is an ethnography about disasters based on a sturdy foundation of fieldwork; it presents a com-prehensive look at the landslide disaster scene of Xinping in the Ailao mountainous area of Yunnan , and provides very insightful discussions on mecha-nisms for preventing and coping with the disaster as well as post-disaster social changes . While studying for his Ph .D.degree at the University of Washington , Li Yongxiang , an Yi scholar who grew up in Ailao mountainous area of Yunnan , had already started his interest in disaster research in minority nationality areas of southwest China .After he received his doctoral degree at the University of Washington in 2005 , he focused his research mainly on anthropological disaster re-search .As one of the pioneer researchers on an-thropological disaster research in China , Li Yongx-iang has had to answer questions regarding the the-oretical significance and realistic value of anthropo-logical disaster research .These questions are not only related to the anthropological view on natural disasters , but also related to the academic position of anthropology in disaster research .Anthropologi-cal Research on Landslide Disasters is a book based on the experiences from

  13. MCTP Summer Research Internship Program. Research Presentation Day: Experience Mathematics and Science in the Real World

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the summaries of the MCTP Summer Research Internship Program. Technological areas discussed include: Mathematical curriculum development for real world problems; Rain effects on air-water gas exchange; multi-ring impact basins on mars; developing an interactive multimedia educational cd-rom on remote sensing; a pilot of an activity for for the globe program; fossils in maryland; developing children's programming for the american horticultural society at river farm; children's learning, educational programs of the national park service; a study of climate and student satisfaction in two summer programs for disadvantaged students interested in careers in mathematics and science; the maryland governor's academy, integrating technology into the classroom; stream sampling with the maryland biological stream survey (MBSS); the imaging system inspection software technology, the preparation and detection of nominal and faulted steel ingots; event-based science, the development of real-world science units; correlation between anxiety and past experiences; environmental education through summer nature camp; enhancing learning opportunities at the Salisbury zoo; plant growth experiment, a module for the middle school classroom; the effects of proxisome proliferators in Japanese medaka embryos; development of a chapter on birth control and contraceptive methodologies as part of an interactive computer-based education module on hiv and aids; excretion of gentamicin in toadfish and goldfish; the renaissance summer program; and Are field trips important to the regional math science center?

  14. PowerPoint Presentations: A Creative Addition to the Research Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Alan E.

    2003-01-01

    Contends that the requirement of a PowerPoint presentation as part of the research process would benefit students in the following ways: learning how to conduct research; starting their research project sooner; honing presentation and public speaking skills; improving cooperative and social skills; and enhancing technology skills. Outlines the…

  15. Themes and methods of research presented at European General Practice Research Network conferences.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruschinski, C.; Lange, Maaike; Lionis, C.; Weel, C. van; Hummers-Pradier, E.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The World Organization of Family Doctors (Wonca) defined core characteristics of general practice and general practitioners' competencies. It is unclear to which extent research has addressed these issues so far. OBJECTIVE: To determine themes and research methods of general practice res

  16. Undergraduate researchers to present at third annual Meeting of the Minds conference

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Meghan

    2008-01-01

    Four Virginia Tech undergraduate students have been selected to present their research projects at the third annual Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) Meeting of the Minds undergraduate research conference in Tallahassee, Fla., on April 18 and 19.

  17. Pyrgeometer Calibration for DOE-Atmospheric System Research Program Using NREL Method (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reda, I.; Stoffel, T.

    2010-03-15

    Presented at the DOE-Atmospheric System Research Program, Science Team Meeting, 15-19 March 2010, Bethesda, Maryland. The presentation: Pyrgeometer Calibration for DOE-Atmospheric System Research program using NREL Method - was presented by Ibrahim Reda and Tom Stoffel on March 15, 2010 at the 2010 ASR Science Team Meeting. March 15-19, 2010, Bethesda, Maryland.

  18. Creative movement and transformation to choreography: a mode of research presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picard, Carol

    2008-04-01

    Creative movement is an expressive technique that can be used to generate knowledge from a unitary perspective. This column will present its use on research based on Newman's theory of health as expanding consciousness and the development of choreography based on participants'creative movements to present research findings.

  19. Information Presentation: Human Research Program - Space Human Factors and Habitability, Space Human Factors Engineering Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Kristina L.; Sandor, Aniko; Thompson, Shelby G.; Kaiser, Mary K.; McCann, Robert S.; Begault, D. R.; Adelstein, B. D.; Beutter, B. R.; Wenzel, E. M.; Godfroy, M.; Stone, L. S.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers atJohnson Space Center and Ames Research Center. T

  20. A new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-RDMA for size distribution measurements of sub-3 nm ions at ambient concentrations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Franchin

    2015-06-01

    from achieving a good transmission efficiency for the smallest nanoparticles. We developed a new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-radial DMA (nRDMA that increases the transmission efficiency to 12 % for ions as small as 1.3 nm in mobility equivalent diameter (corresponding to 1.2 × 10−4 m2 V−1 s−1 in electrical mobility. We successfully deployed the nRDMA, equipped with the new inlet, in chamber measurements, using a Particle Size Magnifier (PSM and a booster Condensation Particle Counter (CPC as a counter. With this setup, we were able to measure size distributions of ions between 1.3 and 6 nm, corresponding to a mobility range from 1.2 × 10−4 to 5.8 × 10−6 m2 V−1 s−1. The system was modeled, tested in the laboratory and used to measure negative ions at ambient concentrations in the CLOUD 7 measurement campaign at CERN. We achieved a higher size resolution than techniques currently used in field measurements, and maintained a good transmission efficiency at moderate inlet and sheath air flows (2.5 and 30 LPM, respectively. In this paper, by measuring size distribution at high size resolution down to 1.3 nm, we extend the limit of the current technology. The current setup is limited to ion measurements. However, we envision that future research focused on the charging mechanisms could extend the technique to measure neutral aerosol particles as well, so that it will be possible to measure size distributions of ambient aerosols from 1 nm to 1 μm.

  1. A new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-RDMA for size distribution measurements of sub-3 nm ions at ambient concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchin, A.; Downard, A. J.; Kangasluoma, J.; Nieminen, T.; Lehtipalo, K.; Steiner, G.; Manninen, H. E.; Petäjä, T.; Flagan, R. C.; Kulmala, M.

    2015-06-01

    Reliable and reproducible measurements of atmospheric aerosol particle number size distributions below 10 nm require optimized classification instruments with high particle transmission efficiency. Almost all DMAs have an unfavorable potential gradient at the outlet (e.g. long column, Vienna type) or at the inlet (nano-radial DMA). This feature prevents them from achieving a good transmission efficiency for the smallest nanoparticles. We developed a new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-radial DMA (nRDMA) that increases the transmission efficiency to 12 % for ions as small as 1.3 nm in mobility equivalent diameter (corresponding to 1.2 × 10-4 m2 V-1 s-1 in electrical mobility). We successfully deployed the nRDMA, equipped with the new inlet, in chamber measurements, using a Particle Size Magnifier (PSM) and a booster Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) as a counter. With this setup, we were able to measure size distributions of ions between 1.3 and 6 nm, corresponding to a mobility range from 1.2 × 10-4 to 5.8 × 10-6 m2 V-1 s-1. The system was modeled, tested in the laboratory and used to measure negative ions at ambient concentrations in the CLOUD 7 measurement campaign at CERN. We achieved a higher size resolution than techniques currently used in field measurements, and maintained a good transmission efficiency at moderate inlet and sheath air flows (2.5 and 30 LPM, respectively). In this paper, by measuring size distribution at high size resolution down to 1.3 nm, we extend the limit of the current technology. The current setup is limited to ion measurements. However, we envision that future research focused on the charging mechanisms could extend the technique to measure neutral aerosol particles as well, so that it will be possible to measure size distributions of ambient aerosols from 1 nm to 1 μm.

  2. Outlining Purposes, Stating the Nature of the Present Research, and Listing Research Questions or Hypotheses in Academic Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehzad, Wasima

    2011-01-01

    Driving research questions from the prevailing issues and interests and developing from them new theories, formulas, algorithms, methods, and designs, and linking them to the interests of the larger audience is a vital component of scientific research papers. The present article discusses outlining purposes or stating the nature of the present…

  3. Experimental and analytical studies of merging plasma loops on the Caltech solar loop experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitigoi-Aron, Gabriela

    Attracting and retaining strong faculty members in dental schools have long been challenges in the United States. Faced with an emerging crisis in the availability and quality of dental educators, many researchers have focused on analyzing data and trends related to this subject. Even though there are substantial studies that provide a picture of why domestic dentists choose to become dental educators, there are no dedicated studies investigating why foreign-educated dentists want to become dental educators. This distinct area is of particular importance as we witness increasing diversity of patients and an increased need for a more diverse health care workforce. The purpose of this study was to analyze the reasons why foreign-educated dentists became dental educators in United States and furthermore, at University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco, California. The research data was collected by means of surveys and in-depth interviews of foreign-trained faculty and IDS graduates on staff at Pacific. The data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics for the survey and a process of thematic analysis for interviews. The surveys' analysis yielded the following six factors that most positively influenced foreign-educated dentists in deciding to embrace a career as an academic educator: (1) Intellectual challenges and stimulation; (2) Opportunity to always be on the cutting edge; (3) Interest in science, new discovery, exploration; (4) Opportunity for regular interaction with other faculty dentists; (5) Desire to be a teacher. (6) Collegial environment of the university. There were two most negative factors identified, as follows: (1) Income differential compared to private practice; (2) Pressure to generate income for the university. Corroborated by analysis of the interviews, the following themes emerged: (1) Drive for research; (2) Desire to be on cutting edge. (3) Desire to share knowledge through teaching; (4) Social

  4. Using focus groups to assess presentation methods in a research seminar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, K Jackson; Lancaster, Carol

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this inquiry was to examine preferences between presentation methods among graduate students enrolled in a research seminar course. Participants consisted of 34 second year students enrolled in the Master of Science degree program in physical therapy in the College of Health Professions at the Medical University of South Carolina. All were required to present a published research article on the general topic of exercise in elderly individuals. However, before the student presentations took place, the instructor presented two different published research papers, both of which were done in sequential time segments during a single class period. For Time Segment 1, the instructor/author used a formal, "lecture," or "platform" type presentation, embellished by power point slides with textual information and graphs. For Time Segment 2, the instructor conducted an informal discussion of the background, methods, and findings of the research paper. After the presentations were completed, students were assigned to focus groups for the purpose of providing verbal and written feedback. Examination of the findings using content analysis revealed a variety of opinions regarding presentation techniques, but showed a general preference for the method employed in Time Segment 1. Among the reasons cited were the structure, the visual aids, and past familiarity and comfort with formal, "lecture" type presentations. Also noted was the predominant view that presenter style was a major factor in judging effectiveness. These findings merit further exploration of presentation styles and teaching methodologies for augmenting teaching effectiveness and enhancing the scholarship of teaching.

  5. Present status and future perspectives of research and test reactor in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaneko, Yoshihiko [Atomic Energy Research Laboratory, Musashi Institute of Technology, Kawasaki, Kanagawa (Japan); Kaieda, Keisuke [Department of Research Reactor, Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)

    2000-10-01

    Since 1957, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has constructed several research and test reactors to fulfill a major role in the study of nuclear energy and fundamental research. At present four reactors, the Japan Research Reactor No. 3 and No. 4 (JRR-3M and JRR-4 respectively), the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) and the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR) are in operation, and a new High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) has recently reached first criticality and now in the power up test. In 1966, the Kyoto University built the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) and started its operation for joint use program of the Japanese universities. This paper introduces these reactors and describes their present operational status and also efforts for aging management. The recent tendency of utilization and future perspectives is also reported. (author)

  6. The NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program - Presentation to Korean Aerospace Research Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Sampson, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    This presentation will provide basic information about NASA's Electronic Parts and Packaging Program (NEPP), for sharing with representatives of the South Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) as part of a larger presentation by Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance. The NEPP information includes mission and goals, history of the program, basic focus areas, strategies, deliverables and some examples of current tasks.

  7. The Merger Rate to Redshift One from Kinematic Pairs Caltech Faint Galaxy Redshift Survey XI

    CERN Document Server

    Carlberg, R G; Patton, D R; Blandford, R D; Hogg, D W; Yee, H K C; Morris, S L; Lin, H; Cowie, L L; Hu, E; Songaila, A; Cohen, Judith G.; Blandford, Roger; Hogg, David W.; Cowie, Lennox L.; Hu, Esther; Songaila, Antoinette

    2000-01-01

    The rate of mass accumulation due to galaxy merging depends on the mass, density, and velocity distribution of galaxies in the near neighborhood of a host galaxy. The fractional luminosity in kinematic pairs combines all of these effects in a single estimator which is relatively insensitive to population evolution. Here we use a k-corrected and evolution compensated volume-limited sample drawing about 300 redshifts from CFGRS and 3000 from CNOC2 to measure the rate and redshift evolution of merging. We identify kinematic pairs with projected separations less than either 50 or 100 \\hkpc and rest-frame velocity differences of less than 1000\\kms. The fractional luminosity in pairs is modeled as f_L(Delta v,r_p,M_r^{ke})(1+z)^{m_L} where [f_L,m_L] are [0.14+/-0.07,0+/-1.4] and [0.37+/-0.7,0.1+/-0.5] for r_p= 0.2 M*) is 0.02+/-0.01(1+z)^{0.1+/-0.5} M*~Gyr^{-1}. Present day high-luminosity galaxies therefore have accreted approximately 0.15M* of their mass over the approximately 7 Gyr to redshift one. (abridged)

  8. Caltech/USGS Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN): Infrastructure upgrade to support Earthquake Early Warning (EEW)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhadha, R. J.; Hauksson, E.; Boese, M.; Felizardo, C.; Thomas, V. I.; Yu, E.; Given, D. D.; Heaton, T. H.; Hudnut, K. W.

    2013-12-01

    The SCSN is the modern digital ground motion seismic network in Southern California and performs the following tasks: 1) Operates remote seismic stations and the central data processing systems in Pasadena; 2) Generates and reports real-time products including location, magnitude, ShakeMap, aftershock probabilities and others; 3) Responds to FEMA, CalOES, media, and public inquiries about earthquakes; 4) Manages the production, archival, and distribution of waveforms, phase picks, and other data at the SCEDC; 5) Contributes to development and implementation of the demonstration EEW system called CISN ShakeAlert. Initially, the ShakeAlert project was funded through the US Geological Survey (USGS) and in early 2012, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation provided three years of new funding for EEW research and development for the US west coast. Recently, we have also received some Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) funding to enhance the EEW capabilities for the local UASI region by making our system overall faster, more reliable and redundant than the existing system. The additional and upgraded stations will be capable of decreasing latency and ensuring data delivery by using more reliable and redundant telemetry pathways. Overall, this will enhance the reliability of the earthquake early warnings by providing denser station coverage and more resilient data centers than before. * Seismic Datalogger upgrade: replaces existing dataloggers with modern equipment capable of sending one-second uncompressed packets and utilizing redundant Ethernet telemetry. * GPS upgrade: replaces the existing GPS receivers and antennas, especially at "zipper array" sites near the major faults, with receivers that perform on-board precise point positioning to calculate position and velocity in real time and stream continuous data for use in EEW calculations. * New co-located seismic/GPS stations: increases station density and reduces early warning delays that are incurred by travel

  9. Status of health and environmental research relative to coal gasification 1976 to the present

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilzbach, K.E.; Reilly, C.A. Jr. (comps.)

    1982-10-01

    Health and environmental research relative to coal gasification conducted by Argonne National Laboratory, the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory under DOE sponsorship is summarized. The studies have focused on the chemical and toxicological characterization of materials from a range of process streams in five bench-scale, pilot-plant and industrial gasifiers. They also address ecological effects, industrial hygiene, environmental control technology performance, and risk assessment. Following an overview of coal gasification technology and related environmental concerns, integrated summaries of the studies and results in each area are presented and conclusions are drawn. Needed health and environmental research relative to coal gasification is identified.

  10. The present status of high-pressure research at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, J; Li, Y C

    2002-01-01

    The present status of high-pressure research at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility is reported. A ten-poles wiggler beamline provides a white beam for investigating samples using a diamond anvil cell. In situ energy-dispersive diffraction is used to determine the pressure-induced phase transitions and equations of state. High pressure can be stably applied by a stepper-motorized loading system with a strain sensor. Some megabar experiments have been carried out without damage on diamonds. Improved beam collimation reduces the background and eliminates gasket scatter. Some research and future developments are also presented.

  11. Using a professional writing retreat to enhance professional publications, presentations, and research development with staff nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horstman, Patricia; Theeke, Laurie

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the outcomes of a structured writing retreat used with a group of professional nurses from a Magnet-designated hospital. The purpose of the retreat was to enhance nurses' ability to prepare poster presentations, develop manuscripts for peer-reviewed journal submissions, and design new research studies. This staff development retreat can serve as an exemplar for other hospitals desiring to increase dissemination of best practice.

  12. Case Study: Revising a Formal Case Study Presentation as an Independent Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Patrick R.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the process of researching and revising a case study presentation on an individual who experienced anesthetic awareness during an abdominal surgery and eventually committed suicide. Topics addressed include the author's selection of an undergraduate student with a science and teaching background to work on the case…

  13. Studies in Teaching: 2013 Research Digest. Action Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, June 26, 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    This document presents the proceedings of the 18th Annual Research Forum held June 26, 2013, at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Included are the following 13 action research papers: (1) Developing Oral Language Ability in the Secondary Spanish Classroom Using the Interpersonal and Presentational Modes of Communication…

  14. Initial experience with a group presentation of study results to research participants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bent Stephen

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite ethical imperatives, informing research participants about the results of the studies in which they take part is not often performed. This is due, in part, to the costs and burdens of communicating with each participant after publication of the results. Methods Following the closeout and publication of a randomized clinical trial of saw palmetto for treatment of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia, patients were invited back to the research center to participate in a group presentation of the study results. Results Approximately 10% of participants attended one of two presentation sessions. Reaction to the experience of the group presentation was very positive among the attendees. Conclusion A group presentation to research participants is an efficient method of communicating study results to those who desire to be informed and was highly valued by those who attended. Prospectively planning for such presentations and greater scheduling flexibility may result in higher attendance rates. Trial Registration Number Clinicaltrials.gov #NCT00037154

  15. A new high-transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-RDMA for size distribution measurements of sub-3 nm ions at ambient concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchin, Alessandro; Downard, Andy; Kangasluoma, Juha; Nieminen, Tuomo; Lehtipalo, Katrianne; Steiner, Gerhard; Manninen, Hanna E.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Flagan, Richard C.; Kulmala, Markku

    2016-06-01

    Reliable and reproducible measurements of atmospheric aerosol particle number size distributions below 10 nm require optimized classification instruments with high particle transmission efficiency. Almost all differential mobility analyzers (DMAs) have an unfavorable potential gradient at the outlet (e.g., long column, Vienna type) or at the inlet (nano-radial DMA), preventing them from achieving a good transmission efficiency for the smallest nanoparticles. We developed a new high-transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-radial DMA (nRDMA) that increases the transmission efficiency to 12 % for ions as small as 1.3 nm in Millikan-Fuchs mobility equivalent diameter, Dp (corresponding to 1.2 × 10-4 m2 V-1 s-1 in electrical mobility). We successfully deployed the nRDMA, equipped with the new inlet, in chamber measurements, using a particle size magnifier (PSM) and as a booster a condensation particle counter (CPC). With this setup, we were able to measure size distributions of ions within a mobility range from 1.2 × 10-4 to 5.8 × 10-6 m2 V-1 s-1. The system was modeled, tested in the laboratory and used to measure negative ions at ambient concentrations in the CLOUD (Cosmics Leaving Outdoor Droplets) 7 measurement campaign at CERN. We achieved a higher size resolution (R = 5.5 at Dp = 1.47 nm) than techniques currently used in field measurements (e.g., Neutral cluster and Air Ion Spectrometer (NAIS), which has a R ˜ 2 at largest sizes, and R ˜ 1.8 at Dp = 1.5 nm) and maintained a good total transmission efficiency (6.3 % at Dp = 1.5 nm) at moderate inlet and sheath airflows (2.5 and 30 L min-1, respectively). In this paper, by measuring size distributions at high size resolution down to 1.3 nm, we extend the limit of the current technology. The current setup is limited to ion measurements. However, we envision that future research focused on the charging mechanisms could extend the technique to measure neutral aerosol particles as well, so that it will be possible

  16. Jordan's First Research Reactor Project: Driving Forces, Present Status and the Way Ahead

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xoubi, Ned, E-mail: Ned@Xoubi.co [Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC), P.O.Box 70, Shafa Badran, 11934 Amman (Jordan)

    2011-07-01

    In a gigantic step towards establishing Jordan's nuclear power program, Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) is building the first nuclear research and test reactor in the Kingdom. The new reactor will serve as the focal point for Jordan Center for Nuclear Research (JCNR), a comprehensive state of the art nuclear center not only for Jordan but for the whole region, the center will include in addition to the reactor a radioisotopes production plant, a nuclear fuel fabrication plant, a cold neutron source (CNS), a radioactive waste treatment facility, and education and training center. The JRTR reactor is the only research reactor new build worldwide in 2010, it is a 5 MW light water open pool multipurpose reactor, The reactor core is composed of 18 fuel assemblies, MTR plate type, with 19.75% enriched uranium silicide (U{sub 3}Si{sub 2}) in an aluminum matrix. It is reflected on all sides by beryllium and graphite blocks. Reactor power is upgradable to 10 MW with a maximum thermal flux of 1.45x10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The reactor reactivity is controlled by four Hafnium Control Absorber Rods (CAR). Jordan Center for Nuclear Research is located in Ramtha city, it is owned by Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC), and is contracted to Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) and Daewoo E and C. The JCNR project is a 56 months EPC fixed price contract for the design engineering, construction, and commissioning the JCNR reactor, and other nuclear facilities. The project presents many challenges for both the owner and the contractor, being the first nuclear reactor for Jordan, and the first nuclear export for Korea. The driving forces, present status and the way ahead will be presented in this paper. (author)

  17. Present State of Explosion Seismic Wave Research and Primary Investigation on Its Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The present state and the significance of research on explosion seismic waves are discussed, and meanwhile the main contents and the basic problems to be solved in the study of explosion seismic waves are analyzed. The spectra characteristics of explosion seismic waves, functions of the isolated-seismic grooves and influences of the detonating methods on explosion seismic waves are investigated by experiments. The experimental method is introduced. Some experimental results are presented which are concerned with the influences of topographical conditions, explosive charges, ignition patterns, isolated-seismic grooves and the other related factors on the characteristics of seismic waves.

  18. Studies in Teaching: 2012 Research Digest. Action Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, June 29, 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This document presents the proceedings of the 17th Annual Research Forum held June 29, 2012, at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Included herein are the following 25 action research papers: (1) "Reading and Writing": A Study Comparing the Strengths of Peer Review and Visible Author Writing Strategies (Elizabeth Behar); (2)…

  19. Tales from the Dark Side: Teacher Professional Development , Support , Activities, Student Research & Presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, C. E.; Pompea, S. M.

    2013-12-01

    In a partnership last Spring with Arizona Public Service, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) created the 'Dark-Skies Energy Education Program: Energy Awareness for a Sustainable Future'. In this program, experienced science and technology education specialists from NOAO led 2 one-day professional development workshops for thirteen 6th grade teachers on dark skies and energy education. The workshops focused on three foundational, scaffolding activities and a final student research project. This in turn culminated in a Family Science Night where students presented their projects. In between these events, our NOAO team provided support for teachers through real-time video conferencing using FaceTime. In addition to the professional development, each teacher received a kit full of resource materials to perform the activities and research project. The kit was at no cost to the teacher, school, or district. Each kit contained the latest version of a tablet, which was used to facilitate communication and support for the teachers, as well as provide all the program's written teaching materials. The activities are in accordance with state, Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards. Our NOAO instructors gave firsthand experiences on how best to use these materials in a classroom or public setting. They also discussed opportunities on how they can incorporate, adapt and expand upon the activities and research projects in the classroom. Evaluation reports from the program's independent evaluator showed that the students enjoyed learning from the three foundational activities and research projects. The project presentations by the Yuma students were outstanding in their creativity, level of effort, and scientific accuracy. To summarize the evaluations, significant changes in knowledge and attitude were made with the teachers and students (from one-on-one interviews and surveys), but behavioral changes (albeit only over a semester) seemed minimal. The AGU

  20. The Bok Award Presented for High School Astronomy Research at the Intel Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garmany, Catharine D.

    2013-01-01

    The Priscilla and Bart Bok award, presented jointly by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) and the American Astronomical Society (AAS) at the annual Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF), recognizes excellent research in astronomy conducted by high school students. The award is named in honor of two well-known astronomers. Bart Bok was an outstanding research astronomer: much of his research was done with his wife, Priscilla Fairfield Bok. Since 1992, the ASP and the AAS have shared the responsibility of sending three judges to the annual Intel ISEF to select two Bok awardees. Funds for the prizes themselves are derived from an endowment in Bart Bok’s honor held at the ASP. The Intel ISEF is a massive event. In order to become a finalist and attend ISEF, a student must first compete, and win one of the top awards, in both their local and regional science fairs. In recent years, about 1,500 high-school students have attended. About 100 of these students present projects in the category physics: of these, less than 20 are astronomy projects. Winners of the award are invited to attend the winter AAS meeting, and this year both of the 2012 winners are expected to be in attendance. There are also previous winners who are actively in our midst. But there is an unanswered question: why are there so few student projects in astronomy?

  1. The Virtual Poster Showcase: Opportunities for students to present their research from anywhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asher, P. M.; Furukawa, H.; Williams, B. M.; Holm Adamec, B.

    2015-12-01

    Although many students conduct research with faculty in organized summer programs or as part of their course work or their degree work, they often face barriers to traveling to present that research, especially at national or international conferences. This is especially true for students who are members of underrepresented minority populations and students studying outside of the United States. A new and exciting opportunity for undergraduate as well as graduate students to showcase their work is now available. AGU piloted three opportunities for an undergraduate and graduate virtual poster showcase in the fall of 2015. Student participants were recruited from a diverse array of groups including minority-serving organizations, two-year colleges, and internship programs at federal agencies and national laboratories. Students uploaded an abstract, poster, and short video explain their research, and then participated in Q&A sessions with peers as well as expert judges. This presentation will share characteristics of participating groups, lessons learned from this new program, and preliminary evaluation findings as well as plans for the future.

  2. Present status and development on biological nitrogen fixation research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This presentation introduces the advances in biological nitrogen fixation research abroad, in particular, describes the great progress and achievements on its research in China as follows: collection of rhizobial resources and establishment of the largest database of Rhizobium in China, correction and development of Rhizobium taxonomy in international; discovery of a couple of nif genes, identification and unification of linkage among the nif gene operons of Klebsiella pneumoniae, finding of regulative mechanism of positive regulation nif gene and its sensitivity to oxygen, temperature; finding of the activity of nodulation gene nodD3 product in Sinorhizobium meliloti which is not controlled by flavonoid produced from its host alfalfa; finding of the association between expression of genes coding the products for carbon utilization and nitrogen metabolism and their regulations; chemical synthesis of nodulation factor of Sinorhizobium meliloti; constructions of engineered nitrogen fixers and utilization in practice based on the research of gene expression and regulation; chemical simulation of the structure and function of nitrogenase and bringing forward the model of nitrogenase active center for the first time in international and synthesis of model compounds which were paid attention by colleagues abroad. Finally, the development of nitrogen fixation research in China in future has been put forward, suggesting that the nif gene regulation and its role in providing crops with nitrogen element, signal transduction and molecular interactions between Rhizobium and legume, coupling between carbon and nitrogen metabolisms, nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis, and functional genomics of nitrogen-fixing nodule symbiosis, etc., would be actively worked on.

  3. [Comorbidities with autism spectrum disorders - present state of research and future outlook].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinzig, Judith; Lehmkuhl, Gerd

    2011-03-01

    Numerous somatic and psychopathological disorders occur parallel with autism spectrum disorders. It is presently being discussed whether other co-occurring psychopathological symptoms should constitute a categorical comorbid disorder on their own right and be diagnosed as such; or whether they should be understood as part of the autistic disorder itself. Based on the situation with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the current state of research and our own research results are used as examples to demonstrate which prerequisites must be fulfilled for a comorbid disorder. Furthermore, based on neurobiological findings from the areas of molecular biology, neuropsychology, and imaging we show which requirements emerge for the aetiology, early detection, pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment, course of illness, and the categorical classification approach.

  4. A 60-year journey of mycorrhizal research in China:Past,present and future directions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The significance of mycorrhizas(fungal roots in 90% of land plants) in plant nutrient acquisition and growth,element biogeo-chemical cycling and maintaining of terrestrial ecosystem structures has been globally established for more than 120 years.Great progress in mycorrhizal research in the past 60 years(1950-2009,1981-2009 in particular) has also been made across China,particularly in the mainland,Hong Kong and Taiwan.For instance,a total of 20 new and ~120 records of arbuscular mycorrhizal(AM) fungal species,30 new and ~800 records of ectomycorrhizal(EM) fungal species,a dozen of new and ~100 records of orchid mycorrhizal(OM) fungal species have been isolated by morphological observation and/or molecular identification in China since the 1950s.Great accomplishment has also been made in the following area,including fungal species richness and genetic structure,relationships between species composition and plant taxa,effects of mycorrhizal fungi on plant nutrient uptake and growth,resistances to pathogens and interactions with other soil microorganisms,potential of mycorrhizal fungi in phytoremediation and/or land reclamation,alterations of enzymatic activities in mycorrhizal plants,and elevated CO2 and O3 on root colonization and species diversity.Unfortunately,the international community cannot easily appreciate almost all Chinese mycorrhizal studies since the vast majority of them have been published in Chinese and/or in China-based journals.The aim of this review is to make a comprehensive exposure of the past and present China’s major mycorrhizal research to the whole world,and then to suggest potential directions for the enhancement of future mycorrhizal research within and/or between the Chinese and international mycorrhizal community.

  5. Development of a polarization resolved spectroscopic diagnostic for measurements of the magnetic field in the Caltech coaxial magnetized plasma jet experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shikama, Taiichi; Bellan, Paul M.

    2011-11-01

    Measurements of the magnetic field strength in current-carrying magnetically confined plasmas are necessary for understanding the underlying physics governing the dynamical behavior. Such a measurement would be particularly useful in the Caltech coaxial magnetized plasma gun, an experiment used for fundamental studies relevant to spheromak formation, astrophysical jet formation/propagation, solar coronal physics, and the general behavior of twisted magnetic flux tubes that intercept a boundary. In order to measure the field strength in the Caltech experiment, a non-perturbing spectroscopic method is being implemented to observe the Zeeman splitting in the emission spectra. The method is based on polarization-resolving spectroscopy of the Zeeman-split σ components, a technique previously used in both solar and laboratory plasmas. We have designed and constructed an optical system that can simultaneously detect left- and right-circularly polarized emission with both high throughput and small extinction ratio. The system will be used on the 489.5 nm NII line, chosen because of its simple Zeeman structure and minimal Stark broadening.

  6. "The awe in which biologists hold physicists": Frits Went's first phytotron at Caltech, and an experimental definition of the biological environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munns, David P D

    2014-01-01

    After Darwin, experimental biology sought to unravel organisms. By the early twentieth century, organisms were broadly conceived as the product of their heredity and their environment. Much historical work has explored the scientific attack on the genotype, particularly through the new science of genetics. This article explores the tandem efforts to assert experimental control over the environment in which plants grew and developed. The case described here concerns the creation of the first phytotron at Caltech by botanist and plant physiologist Frits Went. Opening in 1949, the phytotron was a plant laboratory that, across a series of rooms and chambers, kept genes constant while regulating and maintaining defined ranges of known environments. This article details the context in which the phytotron emerged, how the phytotron gained its sobriquet, and how it served to cement the "environment" as a category of biological knowledge. Describing the institutional context of Caltech, its interdisciplinary culture, and its encouragement of adopting technology into biological science, I argue that the phytotron and the commensurate category of the "environment", were the product of the familiar movement to integrate the physical and biological sciences. In addition, however, the creation of the phytotron was also a broader story of plant physiologists establishing a definition of the "environment" in both physical and technological terms.

  7. April 2002 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salari, K; Dunn, T; Ortega, J; Yen-Nakafuji, D; Browand, F; Arcas, D; Jammache, M; Leoard, A; Chatelain, P; Rubel, M; Rutledge, W; McWherter-Payne, M; Roy, Ca; Ross, J; Satran, D; Heineck, J T; Storms, B; Pointer, D; Sofu, T; Weber, D; Chu, E; Hancock, P; Bundy, B; Englar, B

    2002-08-22

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on April 3 and 4, 2002. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss technical details on the experimental and computational work in progress and future project plans. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Transportation Technology Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology (OHVT), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center, University of Southern California (USC), and California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Volvo Trucks, and Freightliner Trucks presented and participated in discussions. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items.

  8. Dense plasmas research in the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission: past, present and future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soto, Leopoldo; Silva, Patricio; Moreno, Jose; Zambra, Marcelo; Sylvester, Gustavo; Esaulov, Andrey; Altamirano, Luis [Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear (CCHEN), Santiago (Chile)]. E-mail: lsoto@cchen.cl

    2002-03-01

    A review of the dense transient plasmas researches, developed in the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission, is presented. A brief summary of the researches done in collaboration with the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, between 1993 to 1997, is shown. In addition, the program 'Plasma Physics in Small Devices', developed at the Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear since 1999 is delineated. The diagnostics development and results obtained during three experiments using small pinch devices are shown: a capillary discharge; a Z pinch driven by a small generator; and a low energy plasma focus. The experiments were complemented by magnetohydrodynamics numerical calculations, in order to assist the design and physical interpretation of the experimental data. The diagnostics techniques used in these experiments include current and voltage monitors, multi pinhole camera, plasma image using a ICCD camera gated from 3 to 20 ns, holographic interferometry, and vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy. Recently, the pulse power generator SPEED 2, a medium energy and large current device (187 kJ, 4 MA, 300 kV, 400 ns, dI/dt{approx}10{sup 13} A/s), has been transferred from the Duesseldorf University to the Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear. Future experiments, and the perspectives of using this device, are also discussed. (author)

  9. [Mental health of homosexual and bisexual people--review of research and presentation of phenomenon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabski, Bartosz; Iniewicz, Grzegorz; Mijas, Magdalena

    2012-01-01

    The issues of mental health and psychological well-being of sexual minorities have become one of the ponderable scientific questions in recent years. Not only do they attract the attention of psychiatrists, psychologists or sexologists, but also of public health professionals. It is because psychiatric disorders in sexual minorities are not only the source of individual suffering and dysfunction, but also a big and so far unappreciated social problem. The research results in this field were mostly unreliable in the past, because they were based on the false paradigm, assuming that homosexuality unquestionably belongs in the realms of psychopathology. This became a major selection bias in which researchers tried to draw conclusion upon the mental status of the hole population of homosexual people only from studies of clinical populations. New studies analyse the mental status of this relatively big social group implementing data from epidemiological population-based studies, which allows the more realistic assessment of the problem. In this work we presented new data indicating the elevated risk of psychiatric disorders within the sexual minorities. The problem was discussed in the context of living in the reluctant and hostile environment (minority stress exposure).

  10. The Human Performance Envelope: Past Research, Present Activities and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Tamsyn

    2017-01-01

    Air traffic controllers (ATCOs) must maintain a consistently high level of human performance in order to maintain flight safety and efficiency. In current control environments, performance-influencing factors such as workload, fatigue and situation awareness can co-occur, and interact, to effect performance. However, multifactor influences and the association with performance are under-researched. This study utilized a high fidelity human in the loop enroute air traffic control simulation to investigate the relationship between workload, situation awareness and ATCO performance. The study aimed to replicate and extend Edwards, Sharples, Wilson and Kirwans (2012) previous study and confirm multifactor interactions with a participant sample of ex-controllers. The study also aimed to extend Edwards et als previous research by comparing multifactor relationships across 4 automation conditions. Results suggest that workload and SA may interact to produce a cumulative impact on controller performance, although the effect of the interaction on performance may be dependent on the context and amount of automation present. Findings have implications for human-automation teaming in air traffic control, and the potential prediction and support of ATCO performance.

  11. Multimedia integration of cartographic source materials for researching and presenting phenomena from economic history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorek, Dariusz

    2016-12-01

    The article presents a framework for integrating historical sources with elements of the geographical space recorded in unique cartographic materials. The aim of the project was to elaborate a method of integrating spatial data sources that would facilitate studying and presenting the phenomena of economic history. The proposed methodology for multimedia integration of old materials made it possible to demonstrate the successive stages of the transformation which was characteristic of the 19th-century space. The point of reference for this process of integrating information was topographic maps from the first half of the 19th century, while the research area comprised the castle complex in Kórnik together with the small town - the pre-industrial landscape in Wielkopolska (Greater Poland). On the basis of map and plan transformation, graphic processing of the scans of old drawings, texture mapping of the facades of historic buildings, and a 360° panorama, the source material collected was integrated. The final product was a few-minute-long video, composed of nine sequences. It captures the changing form of the castle building together with its facades, the castle park, and its further topographic and urban surroundings, since the beginning of the 19th century till the present day. For a topographic map sheet dating back to the first half of the 19th century, in which the hachuring method had been used to present land relief, a terrain model was generated. The transition from parallel to bird's-eye-view perspective served to demonstrate the distinctive character of the pre-industrial landscape.

  12. Studies in Teaching: 2009 Research Digest. Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (15th, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    This document presents the proceedings of the Annual Research Forum. Included herein are the following 29 studies: (1) What Factors Influence Algebra 1 Students' Attitudes toward Math? (Elizabeth A. Allen); (2) Low-Income Student and Teacher Impressions of Kagan Cooperative Learning (Andrea Anderson); (3) Developing and Implementing an Articulated…

  13. Present and Future of Forensics in the Research Based Communication Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Craig R.; Birkholt, Marty J.

    The social scientific research focus of major United States universities places the forensics programs at these institutions in a unique position. Three areas of tension between forensics and research based communication departments are as follows: research quality/utility, applicability of forensic training, and resource conflicts. Solutions to…

  14. Are We (T)here Yet? Qualitative Research in Education's Profuse and Contested Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Handel Kashope

    2006-01-01

    This essay addresses the topic of the state of qualitative research in education by asserting that qualitative research in education is in quite a state. Drawing heavily on Denzin and Lincoln's periodization of qualitative research as a guide, it outlines the various competing developments from within and outside that are vying to characterize the…

  15. Directional backlight liquid crystal autostereoscopic display: technical challenges, research progress, and prospect (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Hang; Li, Kunyang; Zhou, Yangui; Liang, Haowen; Wang, Jiahui; Zhou, Jianying

    2016-09-01

    Recent upsurge on virtual and augmented realities (VR and AR) has re-ignited the interest to the immerse display technology. The VR/AR technology based on stereoscopic display is believed in its early stage as glasses-free, or autostereoscopic display, will be ultimately adopted for the viewing convenience, visual comfort and for the multi-viewer purposes. On the other hand, autostereoscopic display has not yet received positive market response for the past years neither with stereoscopic displays using shutter or polarized glasses. We shall present the analysis on the real-world applications, rigid user demand, the drawbacks to the existing barrier- and lenticular lens-based LCD autostereoscopy. We shall emphasize the emerging autostereoscopic display, and notably on directional backlight LCD technology using a hybrid spatial- and temporal-control scenario. We report the numerical simulation of a display system using Monte-Carlo ray-tracing method with the human retina as the real image receiver. The system performance is optimized using newly developed figure of merit for system design. The reduced crosstalk in an autostereoscopic system, the enhanced display quality, including the high resolution received by the retina, the display homogeneity without Moiré- and defect-pattern, will be highlighted. Recent research progress including a novel scheme for diffraction-free backlight illumination, the expanded viewing zone for autostereoscopic display, and the novel Fresnel lens array to achieve a near perfect display in 2D/3D mode will be introduced. The experimental demonstration will be presented to the autostereoscopic display with the highest resolution, low crosstalk, Moiré- and defect- pattern free.

  16. May 2003 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R; Salari, K; Ortega, J; Browand, F; Hammache, M; Hsu, T Y; Arcas, D; Leoard, A; Chatelain, P; Rubel, M; Roy, C; DeChant, L; Hassan, B; Ross, J; Satran, D; Walker, S; Heineck, J T; Englar, R; Pointer, D; Sofu, T

    2003-05-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on May 29-30, 2003. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss suggested guidance and direction for the design of drag reduction devices determined from experimental and computational studies. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE)/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center (NASA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Clarkson University, and PACCAR participated in the meeting. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, provides some highlighted items, and outlines the future action items.

  17. A RESEARCH ON PRESENTATION OF VIOLENCE IN SOCIAL MEDIA: OPINIONS OF FACEBOOK USERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulsum Calisir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Element of violence which was seen almost every day in all media but in no way could be prevented is reflecting a bitter side of life. Today that we called age of information, technology rapidly improved, and thanks to this there found solutions for a lot of matters, we are unfortunately are living violence more heavy day by day. Consequently, elements of violence lived are taking part in television and computer screens, and magazine and newspaper pages. Although it is an un approved and unwanted matter of fact, violence’s existing in life is keeping this phenomenon fresh in media’s agenda. It is known that there executed researches and studies about in what direction violence was presented in almost all units of media organs. In this study, how violence was used on Facebook that was used especially among young ones in last ten years and had high popularity had been searched. With this aim, a focus group study had been executed in November 2015 on university students. Information that representation of violence was done over Facebook had been obtained in the study. Violence done over Facebook is conceiving alienation, polarization and hate together with itself. As a consequence, shares done through Facebook can last with very close friends’ erasing each other from their personal Facebook pages in time, and this situation is called as violence.

  18. Accounting Research: a Critical View of the Present Situation and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Garcia-Blandon

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study we critically review the internal procedures of the accounting community for generating and disseminating knowledge. We contend that academic journals on accounting research are scarce, publish few articles and apply high rejection rates, and the review process is lengthy and expensive. Additionally, an academic elite has unparalleled predominance in comparison to other business disciplines, reflected in an unusual share of published articles with authors affiliated to a small number of academic institutions, and the predominance of certain topics and methodologies. The discipline does not allow the collaborative, iterative and flexible features of innovative knowledge communities. The discipline’s internal procedures favour restriction, control, slowness, and expiration, rather than participation, speed and renewal. They are ill suited for advancing knowledge and bode badly for successful research. As a result, accounting academics present low research performance and the discipline is facing steady decline. More importantly, the discipline is handicapped in producing innovative knowledge able to contribute to critical research and long term social well-being.We also focus on the Spanish institutional situation, arguing that Spanish requirements for reaching tenured positions are difficult for accountants to meet.We highlight the need to raise awareness of the problem and change the procedures.En este estudio hacemos una revisión crítica de los procedimientos vigentes en la comunidad académica contable para la generación de conocimiento y su publicación. Exponemos que hay pocas revistas académicas para publicar la investigación contable, que éstas publican pocos artículos, aplican elevadas tasas de rechazo y el proceso de revisión es lento y costoso. Además, hay un predominio de una elite académica sin precedentes en otras disciplinas de empresa, lo cual se refleja en un mayor porcentaje de artículos pertenecientes

  19. Dynamical downscaling of present climate extremal episodes for the BINGO research site of Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zittis, George; Hadjinicolaou, Panos; Bruggeman, Adriana; Camera, Corrado; Lelieveld, Jos

    2016-04-01

    Besides global warming, climate change is expected to cause alterations in precipitation amounts and distribution than can be linked to extreme events such as floods or prolonged droughts. This will have a significant impact in strategic societal sectors that base their activities on water resources. While the global climate projections inform us about the long-term and weather forecasts can give useful information only for a few days or weeks, decision-makers and end-users also need guidance on inter-annual to decadal time scales. In this context, the BINGO (Bringing INnovation to onGOing water management - a better future under climate change) H2020 project aims both at reducing the uncertainty of near-term climate predictions and developing response strategies in order to better manage the remaining uncertainty. One of the project's main objectives is to develop improved decadal predictions, in adequate spatiotemporal scales, with a specific focus on extreme precipitation events. The projected rainfall will be eventually used to drive hydrological impact models. BINGO focuses on research sites that encompass river basins, watersheds and urban areas of six European countries including Norway, Cyprus, Germany, Portugal, The Netherlands and Spain. In this study we present the dynamical downscaling of the ERA-Interim dataset for validation purposes and for the research site of Cyprus. Five extreme rainfall periods were identified from the observed precipitation archives and were simulated in very high horizontal resolutions (4~1 km) using the WRF limited area atmospheric model. To optimize the performance of the model we have tested a combination of three cumulus and five microphysics parameterization schemes that resulted in 15 simulations for each extreme precipitation event. The model output was compared with daily or hourly (where available) representative rain gauge data. A set of statistical metrics was applied in order to objectively select the best

  20. Studies in Teaching. 1995 Research Digest. Papers Presented at the Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 1995).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    This is a collection of papers reporting student research projects at the Annual Research Forum, Department of Education, Wake Forest University (North Carolina). They include: "Student Interest in Studying World History in Relation to Current Events" (Conan Arthur); "Perceptions of High School Student Athletes and Athletics" (Edward Barrett);…

  1. Product-services as a research field: past, present and future. Reflections from a decade of research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukker, A.; Tischner, U.

    2006-01-01

    In the last decade many researchers, institutes and programs in the EU paid attention to product-service systems (PSS). Given this massive effort, it is time to take stock. Is PSS research a theoretical field in its own right? Is the PSS concept indeed the road to the Factor 10 world? Is it the road

  2. Children's Rights, Educational Research and the UNCRC: Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillett-Swan, Jenna, Ed.; Coppock, Vicki, ED.

    2016-01-01

    "Children's Rights, Educational Research, and the UNCRC" provides international perspectives on contemporary issues pertaining to children's rights in education. The global context, relevance and implications of children's rights, educational research and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) are explored from…

  3. Researching Classroom Interaction in the light of social justice. : [paper presentation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montesano-Montessori, Nicolina; Ponte, Petra

    2010-01-01

    A research into classroom interaction (behaviour and communication) between teachers and pupils in the light of social justice. The research is based on the concern that educational praxis, defined as 'practice which implies a conscious awareness of the practitioners that their actions are morally c

  4. Research and Study about Liver Diseases in Iran: Past, Present and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In each country, development and progress can only be achieved through long-term planning and moving purposefully in the planned direction. In order to make Iran the first scientific power in the region, there should be a comprehensive collaboration and alliance among thinkers and decision makers since research and study are believed to be the main parts of knowledge creation and propagation. Fortunately, after the revolution, knowledge growth has been accelerated for many reason, especially due to independence from other powers. Doubtlessly, researchers have contributed largely to this great achievement and have brought much glory for our country. Preventing, controlling and treating important diseases can only be done through research and investigation since medicine is one of the few sciences that is in such close relationship with research that nothing can be stated without prior studies (1, 2. A perspective of researchers' activities in different fields of medicine can act as a guide for other related groups. Liver diseases, as a mutual entity between gastroenterologists and infectionists, include viral hepatitis, chronic liver diseases, metabolic diseases (NASH, liver malignancies and diseases of the liver immune system (3-9. A glance at the above-mentioned shows that viral hepatitis has been the subject of most researches between 2000 and 2007. Fortunately, paying more attention to such infections plays an important role in preventing and controlling this group of contagious diseases in our society (10. The least importance in such studies, however, has been given to liver cancers although they are financially very burdensome for the country in terms of incidence and control and are also accompanied by many drug adverse effects. Research centers, as parts of regional research and study institutions, are the body of organisation and execution of required research projects in the country (8, 9.As collaboration and partnership can result in

  5. Research in radiology. Present situation and perspective; Investigacion en radiologia. Situacion actual y perspectiva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ros, L. H. [Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    After having had defined the concept of research and stages of scientific method in the health field, there has been an attempt to deal with the characteristics of radiological research in the last years, as well as current and future guidelines of such. Among those items considered are the concept of teams which would be interdisciplinary and multi-centered (molecular imaging, imaging-guided therapy, early detection of illness using imaging techniques), as well as the need for certain changes in mentality. As such, there would appear a new generation of scientists (with training in molecular biology, bioengineering, physiopathology and pharmacology) who would bring to fruition an integral use of computers to complement research and imaging techniques. Finally, the concept of evidence-based radiology is analyzed, along with its principles and associated repercussions in health care and research. (Author) 15 refs.

  6. Research on stored product protection in Australia: a review of past, present and future directions

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Since its beginning, research into the protection of stored grain in Australia has been driven by market access, in particular, the need to provide insect free grain to overseas customers. Research began in 1917 when a bumper harvest coincided with disruption of shipping due the First World War and resulted in the unprecedented accumulation of wheat stocks, which were subject to catastrophic attack by ‘weevil plagues’. Initial experiments were of insect life cycles and reproductive rate. This...

  7. Present status of research activities relating global warming problems in Japan (mainly MITI and relating organizations)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokoyama, O.

    1993-12-31

    Japanese government has issued action program so called {open_quotes}Action Program to Arrest Global Warming{close_quotes} for preventing global warming at Oct., 1990. According to the program, CO{sub 2} emission should be stabilized on a per capita basis in the year 2000 and beyond at about same level as in 2000 by introducing several methods such as energy conservation, improvement of energy using efficiency, expanding use of renewable energy and so on. The basic concept, target and methods are summarized. At the same time, MITI published so called {open_quotes}New Earth 21{close_quotes} project which aims remedying the earth environment modified by human activities since industrial innovation began at about 200 years ago in coming 100 years. This plan proposed yearly step of research development of technology for mitigating CO{sub 2} emission. According to the MITI`s plan, 15 institutions belonging to AIST have carrying research for developing technology of reducing emission of CO{sub 2} and other greenhouse gases, with cooperation of other research organizations such as RITE (research Institute of Innovative Technology for Earth) and NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Developing Organization). Time schedule of the research development by The New Earth 21 project is summarized in Table 2. Now, in Japan, many national institutions and universities, research works relating reduction and mitigation of GHG are carried out according to this guideline.

  8. The present situations and perspectives on utilization of research reactors in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chongkum, Somporn

    2002-01-01

    The Thai Research Reactor 1/Modification 1, a TRIGA Mark III reactor, went critical on November 7, 1977. It has been playing a central role in the development of both Office of Atomic Energy for Peace (OAEP) and nuclear application in Thailand. It has a maximum power of 2 MW (thermal) at steady state and a pulsing capacity of 2000 MW. The highest thermal neutron flux at a central thimber is 1×10 13 n/cm 2/s, which is extensively utilized for radioisotope production, neutron activation analysis and neutron beam experiments, i.e. neutron scattering, prompt gamma analysis and neutron radiography. Following the nuclear technological development, the OAEP is in the process of establishing the Ongkharak Nuclear Research Center (ONRC). The center is being built in Nakhon Nayok province, 60 km northeast of Bangkok. The centerpiece of the ONRC is a multipurpose 10 MW TRIGA research reactor. Facilities are included for the production of radioisotopes for medicine, industry and agriculture, neutron transmutation doping of silicon, and neutron capture therapy. The neutron beam facilities will also be utilized for applied research and technology development as well as training in reactor operations, performance of experiments and reactor physics. This paper describes a recent program of utilization as well as a new research reactor for enlarging the perspectives of its utilization in the future.

  9. Inattentional blindness: present knowledge, recent research and implications for the nuclear industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budau, J. [Bruce Power, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    Inattentional blindness can occur when our attention has been assigned to a primary task and not enough attentional resources are left to detect what can be a very important unexpected event. This unexpected event is often something that would be detected under normal conditions. Recent research has shown that perceptual load, and qualities of the unexpected stimulus can impact the occurrence of inattentional blindness. As the nuclear industry has situations of high perceptual load, consideration should be given to the implications of this research. (author)

  10. Inattentional blindness: present knowledge, recent research and implications for the nuclear industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budau, J. [Bruce Power, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada)

    2011-09-15

    Inattentional blindness can occur when our attention has been assigned to a primary task and not enough attentional resources are left to detect what can be a very important unexpected event. This unexpected event is often something that would be detected under normal conditions. Recent research has shown that perceptual load, and qualities of the unexpected stimulus can impact the occurrence of inattentional blindness. As the nuclear industry has situations of high perceptual load, consideration should be given to the implications of this research. (author)

  11. [Present status and trend of heart fluid mechanics research based on medical image analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Jianhong; Yin, Lixue; Xie, Shenghua; Li, Wenhua; Lu, Jing; Luo, Anguo

    2014-06-01

    With introduction of current main methods for heart fluid mechanics researches, we studied the characteristics and weakness for three primary analysis methods based on magnetic resonance imaging, color Doppler ultrasound and grayscale ultrasound image, respectively. It is pointed out that particle image velocity (PIV), speckle tracking and block match have the same nature, and three algorithms all adopt block correlation. The further analysis shows that, with the development of information technology and sensor, the research for cardiac function and fluid mechanics will focus on energy transfer process of heart fluid, characteristics of Chamber wall related to blood fluid and Fluid-structure interaction in the future heart fluid mechanics fields.

  12. Past, Present, and Future of Critical Quantitative Research in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Ryan S.; Stage, Frances K.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter discusses the evolution of the critical quantitative paradigm with an emphasis on extending this approach to new populations and new methods. Along with this extension of critical quantitative work, however, come continued challenges and tensions for researchers. This chapter recaps and responds to each chapter in the volume, and…

  13. Present Research on the Flipped Classroom and Potential Tools for the EFL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehring, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    The flipped classroom can support the implementation of a communicative, student-centered learning environment in the English as a foreign language classroom. Unfortunately, there is little research which supports the incorporation of flipped learning in the English as a foreign language classroom. Numerous studies have focused on flipped learning…

  14. Connecting the Present to the Past: Furthering the Research on Bilingual Education and Bilingualism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Doris Luft; Basaraba, Deni Lee; Polanco, Paul

    2016-01-01

    The authors of this chapter review empirical studies that have been conducted in bilingual education to propose a future research agenda that incorporates the most recent evidence on the effectiveness of bilingual programs, advances in neuroscience, and the body of evidence of the benefits of being bilingual and biliterate. They first describe the…

  15. Insect symbioses: a case study of past, present, and future fungus-growing ant research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caldera, Eric J; Poulsen, Michael; Suen, Garret;

    2009-01-01

    Fungus-growing ants (Attini: Formicidae) engage in an obligate mutualism with fungi they cultivate for food. Although biologists have been fascinated with fungus-growing ants since the resurgence of natural history in the modern era, the early stages of research focused mainly on the foraging beh...

  16. Beyond Form-Focused Instruction: Reflections on Past, Present and Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spada, Nina

    2011-01-01

    In 1997 I published a paper in Language Teaching entitled "Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research". The paper reviewed the results of studies investigating the effects of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning. It was organized around seven questions,…

  17. The Gulf of Nicoya Estuary, Costa Rica: Past, present, and future cooperative research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, J. A.

    1995-03-01

    The Gulf of Nicoya is a tectonic estuary on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica (10°N 85°W), extending about 100 km from the Tempisque river to the 500 m isobath. A dry season (December April) and a rainy season (May November) exert a significant impact on its water characteristics. The estuary is the most important fishing ground of Costa Rica, and the main Pacific ports are located within it. Coastal zone development has increased in recent years. In 1979 a research programme to study the Gulf was established at the University of Costa Rica, and foreign scientists were invited to work jointly with local experts to achieve the goals of the evaluation. More than 80 papers have been published to date, making the Gulf one of the best known tropical estuaries. The study of soft-bottom communities is an important component of this research programme. Past benthic research focused on the description of the structure of communities, while future efforts will find an unexplored field in the study of energy flow and community interactions. More than 200 species of fish, and 400 of benthic invertebrates have been identified. Future cooperative research is most welcome in larval ecology, interactions between size groups, and physiological tolerances. Considerable experience has been accumulated in the experimental manipulation of soft-bottom communities of high latitudes. This branch of ecology, however, remains little explored in the tropics. Future cooperative efforts in the Gulf of Nicoya will be established on solid ground, formed by a data base that has been improved since 1979, the existence of a marine research centre and a group of active, local scientists who have experience in working together with foreign expertise.

  18. Present status of plasma-wall interactions research and materials development activities in the US

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirooka, Y.; Conn, R.W.

    1989-08-01

    It is well known in the fusion engineering community that the plasma confinement performance in magnetic fusion devices is strongly affected by edge-plasma interactions with surface components. These plasma-material interactions (PMI) include fuel particle recycling and impurity generation both during normal and off-normal operation. To understand and then to control PMI effects, considerable effort has been made, particularly over the last decade in US, supported by Department of Energy, Division of Development and Technology. Also, because plasma-facing components are generally expected to receive significant amount of heat due to plasma bombardment and run-away electrons, materials must tolerate high-heat fluxes (HHF). The HHF-component research has been conducted in parallel with PMI research. One strong motivation for these research activities is that DT-burning experiments are currently planned in the Tokamak Test Fusion Reactor (TFTR) in early 1990s. Several different but mutually complementary approaches have been taken in the PMI+HHF research. The first approach is to conduct PMI experiments using toroidal fusion devices such as TFTR. The second one is to simulate elemental processes involved in PMI using ion beams and electron beams, etc. The last one but not least is to use non-tokamak plasma facilities. Along with these laboratory activities, new materials have been developed and evaluated from the PMI+HHF point of view. In this paper, several major PMI+HHF research facilities in US and their activities are briefly reviewed. 21 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Status of health and environmental research relative to direct coal liquefaction: 1976 to the present

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, R.H.; Cowser, K.E. (eds.)

    1982-06-01

    This document describes the status of health and environmental research efforts, supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE), to assist in the development of environmentally acceptable coal liquefaction processes. Four major direct coal liquefaction processes are currently in (or have been investigated at) the pilot plant stage of development. Two solvent refined coal processes (SRC-I and -II), H-coal (a catalytic liquefaction process) and Exxon donor solvent (EDS). The Pacific Northwest Laboratory was assigned responsibility for evaluating SRC process materials and prepared comprehensive health and environmental effects research program plans for SRC-I and -II. A similar program plan was prepared for H-coal process materials by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A program has been developed for EDS process materials by Exxon Research and Engineering Co. The program includes short-term screening of coal-derived materials for potential health and ecological effects. Longer-term assays are used to evaluate materials considered most representative of potential commercial practice and with greatest potential for human exposure or release to the environment. Effects of process modification, control technologies and changing operational conditions on potential health and ecological effects are also being evaluated. These assessments are being conducted to assist in formulating cost-effective environmental research programs and to estimate health and environmental risks associated with a large-scale coal liquefaction industry. Significant results of DOE's health and environmental research efforts relative to coal liquefaction include the following: chemical characterization, health effects, ecological fate and effects, amelioration and risk assessment.

  20. Interview of Edward C. Stone, Caltech and NASA Voyager project scientist on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Visual Media Office

    2012-01-01

    Interview of Edward C. Stone, Caltech and NASA Voyager project scientist on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery. He describes the Voyager mission since launch in 1977 to current position at the frontier of the solar system.

  1. Meet the 'entangled' fieldworker - Distorted (re)presentations in tourism research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Martin Trandberg

    Tourism research has recently been informed by non-representational theories to highlight the socio-material, embodied and heterogeneous composition of tourist experiences. These advances have contributed to further reflexivity and called for novel ways to animate representations. On this backgro......Tourism research has recently been informed by non-representational theories to highlight the socio-material, embodied and heterogeneous composition of tourist experiences. These advances have contributed to further reflexivity and called for novel ways to animate representations....... On this background, this paper develops the notion ‘distorted representation’ to illustrate that blurred and obscure photos can in fact be intelligible and sensible in understanding tourism. Through an exploration of the overwhelmed and unintended practices of visual fieldwork, distorted representation illustrates...

  2. Present status of contamination monitoring at the Dalat Nuclear Research Institute (DNRI)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoang Van Nguyen [Dalat Nuclear Research Inst. (Viet Nam)

    1997-06-01

    The Dalat nuclear research reactor was renovated and upgraded from the previous TRIGA reactor. In Vietnam, it is a unique nuclear device having suitable neutron flux for the radioisotope production and neutron activation analysis. Soon after the reactor reached its initial criticality in November 1983, a programme has been formed to develop the application of nuclear techniques in various fields. In addition, the use of radioisotopes for diagnostic, therapeutic and other research purposes has been in progress. In order to support these activities, the radiation protection, especially the radiation contamination monitoring has been properly paid attention to. In DNRI, the Radiation Protection Department is responsible for controlling and supervising radiation and working safety for all activities. In this paper, the following items are described on radiation contamination monitoring: controlled area, surface contamination monitoring, and airborne concentration monitoring. (G.K.)

  3. Enrollment Projections for Presentation & Discussion: 2010-11 Pupil Population Estimating Conference. Research Brief. Volume 0901

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blazer, Christie; Froman, Terry; Romanik, Dale

    2009-01-01

    The 2010-11 projected enrollment offered by Research Services represents a small increase in student enrollment. The District's student enrollment is projected to be 341,324 in 2010-11, an increase of 0.3 percent (1,077 students) from 2009-10. A slight increase in the District's 2009-10 student enrollment reversed a seven year decline. (Contains 3…

  4. Planning and Response to the Detonation of an Improvised Nuclear Device: Past, Present, and Future Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bentz, A

    2008-07-31

    While the reality of an improvised nuclear device (IND) being detonated in an American city is unlikely, its destructive power is such that the scenario must be planned for. Upon reviewing the academic literature on the effects of and response to IND events, this report looks to actual responders from around the country. The results from the meetings of public officials in the cities show where gaps exist between theoretical knowledge and actual practice. In addition to the literature, the meetings reveal areas where future research needs to be conducted. This paper recommends that local response planners: meet to discuss the challenges of IND events; offer education to officials, the public, and responders on IND events; incorporate 'shelter-first' into response plans; provide information to the public and responders using the 3 Cs; and engage the private sector (including media) in response plans. In addition to these recommendations for the response planners, the paper provides research questions that once answered will improve response plans around the country. By following the recommendations, both groups, response planners and researchers, can help the country better prepare for and mitigate the effects of an IND detonation.

  5. Trends in international research presented through the Research Consortium of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (1965-2008).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinal, Bradley J; Powell, Felicity M; Lee, Miyoung

    2009-09-01

    The extent of international research on the Research Consortium's program between 1965 and 2008 was documented. A total of 9,132 abstracts were reviewed, and 657 (7.19%) had an international component. Inclusion of international research ranged from a low of 1.97% in 1983 to a high of 14.24% in 2007. There was a decrease in the amount of international research presented between 1965 and 1983, after which there was an increase through 2008. Most growth was from increased contributions coming from researchers in Southeast Asia. In terms of general research topics, eight areas increased over the 44-year history reviewed, and five areas decreased. Seven recommendations are advanced for expanding the place and role of international research within the Research Consortium.

  6. Development of statistics as a discipline for clinical research: Past, present, and future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chitra Lele

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the history and evolution of statistics in the era of evidence based medicine, and focuses on the Indian perspective of this growth of statistics as a discipline for clinical research. Statistics will assume a more inter disciplinary form. Use of software other than SAS likely to grow further. In India, innovative statistical methods will help propel the development of biosimilars. The future is exciting with statistics being used for real world evidence, development of biosimilars, mining of adverse event data and becoming a core function in medicinal product development and lifecycle maintenance.

  7. Development of statistics as a discipline for clinical research: Past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lele, Chitra

    2017-01-01

    This article traces the history and evolution of statistics in the era of evidence based medicine, and focuses on the Indian perspective of this growth of statistics as a discipline for clinical research. Statistics will assume a more inter disciplinary form. Use of software other than SAS likely to grow further. In India, innovative statistical methods will help propel the development of biosimilars. The future is exciting with statistics being used for real world evidence, development of biosimilars, mining of adverse event data and becoming a core function in medicinal product development and lifecycle maintenance.

  8. Development of statistics as a discipline for clinical research: Past, present and future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lele, Chitra

    2017-01-01

    This article traces the history and evolution of statistics in the era of evidence based medicine, and focuses on the Indian perspective of this growth of statistics as a discipline for clinical research. Statistics will assume a more inter disciplinary form. Use of software other than SAS likely to grow further. In India, innovative statistical methods will help propel the development of biosimilars. The future is exciting with statistics being used for real world evidence, development of biosimilars, mining of adverse event data and becoming a core function in medicinal product development and lifecycle maintenance.

  9. Flood Risk Management Policy in Scotland: Research Questions Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Mark; Hastings, Emily; MacDonald, Jannette

    2016-04-01

    Scotland's Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW) delivers accessible research and expert opinion to support the Scottish Government and its delivery partners in the development and implementation of water policy. It was established in 2011 by the Scottish Government (Rural and Environmental Science and Analytical Services) in recognition of a gap in the provision of short term advice and research to policy (development and implementation). Key policy areas include the Water Framework Directive, Floods Directive, Drinking Water Directive, Habitats Directive and Scotland's Hydro Nation Strategy. CREW is unique in its demand-driven and free service for policy makers and practitioners, managing the engagement between scientists, policy makers and practitioners to work effectively across this interface. The users of CREW are the Scottish Government, Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Scottish Natural Heritage and Scottish Water. CREW has funded around 100 projects relating to water policy since its inception in 2011. Of these, a significant number relate to flood risk management policy. Based on a review of work to date, this poster will give an overview of these projects and a forward look at the challenges that remain. From learning from community led flood risk management to surface water flood forecasting for urban communities, links will be made between sustainable and traditional flood risk management while considering the perceptions of stakeholders to flood risk management. How can we deliver fully integrated flood risk management options? How policy makers, scientists and land managers can better work together will also be explored.

  10. Workshop report and presentations from the Semiconductor Research Corporation-DOE Semiconductor Task Force Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Semiconductor Research Corporation-DOE Semiconductor Task Force Workshop was held in Oak ridge, Tennessee, on November 2-3, 1987. It was to provide a forum for representatives of the national laboratories, DOE, and the semiconductor industry in which to discuss capabilities of the national laboratories which could contribute to the future competitiveness of the US semiconductor industry, to identify specific large and small projects at the national laboratories which would be of direct benefit to the semiconductor industry, and to find ways of implementing these projects. Numerous small projects were identified which would utilize unique capabilities of the national laboratories in advanced ion implantation, plasma processing (including electron cyclotron resonance plasmas), ion and cluster beam deposition, materials characterization, electronic packaging, and laser processing and deposition. Five large-scale candidate projects were identified in synchrotron x-ray lithography, silicon process integration, advanced materials processing science, process analysis and diagnostics, and ultra clean room engineering. The major obstacle to implementing these projects if the lack of appropriate funds to initiate and stimulate interactions between the national laboratories and the semiconductor industry. SEMATECH and the federal government are potential sources of seed funds for these projects. The Semiconductor Research Corporation is ideally suited to interface the semiconductor industry and the national laboratories for many of these interactions.

  11. Researchers at Work: Assessing Needs for Content and Presentation of Archival Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison-Bunnell, Jodi; Yakel, Elizabeth; Hauck, Janet

    2011-01-01

    In the past, systems that present digitized archival materials were often created with limited knowledge of their audiences' needs and greater focus on the materials. Organizations must ask whether digital delivery systems are sufficiently effective to merit financial support. As part of the planning process for a digital delivery system at the…

  12. Confusing Claims for Data: A Critique of Common Practices for Presenting Qualitative Research on Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, David; Berland, Leema K.

    2014-01-01

    We question widely accepted practices of publishing articles that present quantified analyses of qualitative data. First, articles are often published that provide only very brief excerpts of the qualitative data themselves to illustrate the coding scheme, tacitly or explicitly treating the coding results as data. Second, articles are often…

  13. A Study of sensory and nutritional quality of virgin olive oil. Presentation of a European project of research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esposito, Giovanni

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present, in a synthesis, the objectives and means of the FLAIR project on olive oil quality (FLAIR proposal N.- 89041, contract N° AGRF - GT91 - 0046. Comments are reported on the scientific assumptions and practical problems that have motivated this research. The participants are also presented with their roles and tasks in the project.

  14. Present status and forecast of research for added value of terrestrial biomass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimura, Hiroyuki

    1986-12-01

    Research for the production of resource energy through the cultivation of plants which will have good photosynthetic capability and grow naturally even on dry land is important. Basic requirements for terrestrial biomass are quick growth with efficient solar energy utilization, possession of energywise valuable components, inclusion of much economically useful components, and being nontoxic. From the viewpoint of efficient utilization of resources, eucalyptus was studied for addition of values using microbes (aspergillus niger). Eucalyptus essential oil was found, through the study, to possess a high evading effect towards mosquitos. Further, one having a long lasting effect with no offensive smell was found. Because eucalyptus requires a long time before it can be transplanted, clonal proliferation method was employed to shorten the seedling period. It was learned that lemon eucalyptus could be increased 3 times by a series of culture(45 days). (18 refs, 7 figs, 3 tabs)

  15. Research in Social Work: the future in the present. Reflections on the portuguese knowledge building process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Marta

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The debate surrounding the construction of scientific knowledge within social work is discussed. The social work class seeks new foundations that allow within the context of structural change, the strengthening of professional identity and challenge of the vestiges of intellectual segregation that historical constraints have left. This paper seeks to outline a research strategy for reconciliation and coordination of intellectual and professional work in order to give visibility to new and different domains of interpretation and action, while claiming that considering pluri-perspectives potentiates the knowledge transformation process. Underlining this confluence of complex thinking elements, this article incorporates the space-time dimension and discusses and recognizes the unavoidable circularity as a way to interrogate knowledge that is compartmentalized and fragmented, placing an emphasis both on knowledge and on the interrelationship between knowing, doing, being and relating. In addition, examines the recognition of the nature of those relationships among various disciplines and perspectives.

  16. Presentations of scientific research results as a strategy to increase the interest of students in physiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Dalla Colletta Altermann

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the search for strategies to arouse the interest of undergraduate students in science, it was proposed the project "Colloquiums in Physiology" in order to disseminate and discuss scientific discoveries and improve the students’ interest in Physiology. This work aimed to verify the perception of participants about the impact of this activity. The activity included lectures throughout the semester and at the end of each lecture, a questionnaire was applied to listeners. Among the 171 students who answered the questionnaire, 81% (n=139 considers that this proposal increased their interest in physiology, 96% (n=164 believes that it is an important activity and achieved its goal of promote science disclosure, and 83% (n=142 stated that the project promotes interaction between research, teaching and outreach activities. Thus, it highlights the importance of this type of event for the academic formation.

  17. The present status of iodine chemistry research in Canada and its application to reactor safety analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weaver, K.R. [Ontario Hydro Nuclear, Toronto (Canada); Kupferschmid, W.C.H.; Wren, J.C.; Ball, J.M. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Pinawa, MB (Canada). Whiteshell Labs.

    1996-12-01

    The current need to understand iodine chemistry in a reactor safety context has become more sharply focussed as the level of that understanding has advanced. At the same time, the situations of most concern within containment, from an iodine perspective, are also being redefined in the light of that understanding. The present paper summarises these developments. Over the past five years, considerable advances have occurred in our understanding of iodine chemistry under conditions of interest in reactor accidents. A number of key experiments have yielded important results in the areas of solution chemistry, the role of surfaces, the importance of organics and the effects of impurities. This understanding supplements the already substantial gains made in characterising the key roles of pH and the effects of radiation. All these factors underline the now evident fact that the kinetics of iodine are the controlling factor when radiation is involved, and that a number of reactive species, not present in thermal reactions, effectively control the observed volatility of iodine. In this paper, recent advances are summarised and the present status of our understanding of iodine chemistry is reviewed. Specifically, an attempt is made to identify those areas where our understanding appears to be relatively complete, and to flag the remaining critical areas where our attention is currently focussed. The state of our modelling capability is reviewed, as is the significance or related areas such as the role of mass transfer. Finally, an overview is presented of the significance of this work for reactor safety, and our expectations for its application over the near term future. (author) 2 figs., 12 refs.

  18. Proceedings of the 2010 AFMS Medical Research Symposium. Volume 3. Enroute Track: Abstracts and Presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine (USAFSAM) Col/Dr. Jane Karen Klingenberger No Go Pills ( hypnotics ) have been available to aircrews for...effectively utilizing pharmaceuticals that enhance sleep ( hypnotics ) to count the effects of "jet lag" and other operational disruptors including...circadian rhythm? Currently there are three hypnotics that are ground tested and approved for all MAF aircrews. The presentation will be a review and

  19. Present state and future challenges in pediatric abdominal pain therapeutics research: Looking beyond the forest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Craig; A; Friesen; Jennifer; V; Schurman; Susan; M; Abdel-Rahman

    2015-01-01

    At the present time, it is nearly impossible to treat pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders associated with pain in an evidence based fashion. This is due to the overall lack of controlled studies and, even more importantly, the complexity of the contributors to disease phenotype which are not controlled or accounted for in most therapeutic trials. In this manuscript, we review the challenges of defining entry criteria, controlling for the large number of biopsychosocial factors which may effect outcomes, and understanding pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors when designing therapeutic trials for abdominal pain in children. We also review the current state of pediatric abdominal pain therapeutics and discuss trial design considerations as we move forward.

  20. Present status of neutron beam facilities at the research reactor, HANARO, and its future prospect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chang-Hee; Kang, Young-Hwan; Kuk, Il-Hiun [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)

    2001-03-01

    Korea has been operating its new research reactor, HANARO, since its first criticality in 1995. It is an open-tank-in-pool type reactor using LEU fuel with thermal neutron flux of 2 x 10{sup 14} nominally at the nose in the D{sub 2}O reflector having 7 horizontal beam ports and a provision of vertical hole for cold neutron source installation. KAERI has pursued an extensive instrument development program since 1992 by the support of the nuclear long-term development program of the government and there are now 4 working instruments. A high resolution powder diffractometer and a neutron radiography facility has been operational since late 1997 and 1996, respectively. A four-circle diffractometer has been fully working since mid 1999 and a small angle neutron spectrometer is just under commissioning phase. With the development of linear position sensitive detector with delay-line readout electronics, we have developed a residual stress instrument as an optional machine to the HRPD for last two years. Around early 1998 informal users program started with friendly users and it became a formal users support program by the ministry of science and technology. Short description for peer group formation and users activities is given. (author)

  1. The past, present and future of secondary metabolite research in the Dothideomycetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muria-Gonzalez, Mariano Jordi; Chooi, Yit-Heng; Breen, Susan; Solomon, Peter S

    2015-01-01

    The Dothideomycetes represents a large and diverse array of fungi in which prominent plant pathogens are over-represented. Species within the Cochliobolus, Alternaria, Pyrenophora and Mycosphaerella (amongst others) all cause diseases that threaten food security in many parts of the world. Significant progress has been made over the past decade in understanding how some of these pathogens cause disease at a molecular level. It is reasonable to suggest that much of this progress can be attributed to the increased availability of genome sequences. However, together with revealing mechanisms of pathogenicity, these genome sequences have also highlighted the capacity of the Dothideomycetes to produce an extensive array of secondary metabolites, far greater than originally thought. Indeed, it is now clear that we appear to have only scratched the surface to date in terms of the identification of secondary metabolites produced by these fungi. In the first half of this review, we examine the current status of secondary metabolite research in the Dothideomycetes and highlight the diversity of the molecules discovered thus far, in terms of both structure and biological activity. In the second part of this review, we survey the emerging techniques and technologies that will be required to shed light on the vast array of secondary metabolite potential that is encoded within these genomes. Experimental design, analytical chemistry and synthetic biology are all discussed in the context of how they will contribute to this field.

  2. Present status of research on Re-186 radiopharmaceuticals at Radioisotope Production Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mutalib, A. [Radioisotope Production Center, National Atomic Energy Agency Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Serpong (Indonesia)

    1998-10-01

    Rhenium shows a close chemical similarity to technetium and is suitable for radiotherapy because the {beta}-emitting radionuclides {sup 186}Re (t{sub 1/2} 90 h, E{sub {beta}} = 1.1 MeV, E{sub {gamma}} = 137 keV) and {sup 188}Re (t{sub 1/2} = 17 h, E{sub {beta}} = 2.1 MeV). The {gamma}-emission associated with decay of {sup 186}Re is also useful in scintigraphy. The research on {sup 186}Re radiopharmaceuticals at Radioisotope Production Center has been carried out since April 1997. Interest in radioimmunotherapy (RIT) led us to the development of labeling antibodies with rhenium isotopes. Although there are several methods for coupling radiometal to antibody, we prefer an indirect labeling method in which a bifunctional chelating agent is used for coupling of {sup 186}Re to monoclonal antibodies. In this report we outline the study on the preparation of {sup 186}Re DMSA-TFP as precursor for labeling with monoclonal antibody. (author)

  3. Cloning and stem cell research: a critical overview of the present legislative regime in Australia and the way forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slabbert, Melodie

    2003-05-01

    The application of stem cell research in biomedical science has recently sparked debates similar to the calls nearly 25 years ago for a ban involving recombinant DNA. This article critically examines the present legislative framework in Australia governing stem cell research and cloning, after briefly seeking a clear understanding of what these procedures involve, as well as suggesting an ethical paradigm within which these issues can be approached. The deficiencies in the proposed legislative framework are also highlighted. Australia has a duty to future generations to pursue the benefits unlocked by this type of research and it is hoped that the next two years will lead to more insights regarding the potential of such research and hence a revision of the present legal impediments.

  4. Trace gas and energy exchange above a pine afforestation: past, present and future research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbaniak, Marek; Chojnicki, Bogdan; Danielewska, Alina; Baran, Marcin; Ziemblinska, Klaudia; Merbold, Lutz; Olejnik, Janusz

    2013-04-01

    Forests are among the most important elements of the Earth's biosphere, providing In the context of global climate change forest plays an important role as a sink of CO2, besides providing other ecological advantages such as favourable habitat for plant and animal species. Changes in the global environment are likely to severely affect the functioning of forest ecosystems. The direction and intensity of these changes can be assessed by the analysis of mass and energy fluxes exchanged between the forest canopy and the atmosphere. Water vapour (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes were measured using the eddy covariance (EC) method in order to obtain long-term data series. Measurements started in January 2008 and continue until today. The EC tower was established within a 56 year and 24 m tall scots pine (pinus sylvestris L.), located nearby the town of Tuczno (North-West Poland). This forest is representative for the large areas that are under the management of one national company (State Forests National Forest Holding). It has been hypothesized that this type of forest (same stand age and structure) are responsible for the major net uptake of atmospheric CO2 in Poland. Annual sequestration during the first two years of measurements was shown to be as high as (702 g C·m-2 in 2008 and 747 g C·m-2 in 2009. However, less carbon was sequestered during the years 2010 and 2011, 546gC·m-2 and 592 gC·m-2, respectively. During the upcoming years we aim at answering the following question: which variables, meteorological or air quality, determine the annual variance of net ecosystem productivity (NEP)? Therefore the existing EC tower was additionally instrumented with devices measuring basic meteorological parameters (solar radiation, air and soil temperature, precipitation). Research will further be extended by studying the hydrology, nutrient cycling and soil properties in order to derive a combined knowledge on forest ecosystem functioning in Poland.

  5. The development and present status of seismic research work in Jamaica, West Indies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Trevor A.

    1989-11-01

    Jamaica is located near the northern boundary of the Caribbean Plate and is within a seismically active zone. Historic records of earthquakes date back to the sixteenth century during the early period of European settlement and colonization. During the last four centuries more than 4000 lives have been lost as a result of local seismic events and there are at least 55 documented cases in which there was an earthquake of intensity VI or greater on the Modified Mercalli Scale. The Seismic Research Unit of the University of the West Indies first began its operation in Jamaica in 1963 with the installation of three short period vertical-component seismometers. Since 1963 the number of stations has increased and there is now a network of five short-period vertical-component seismometers linked by radio telemetry to the base recording station at the Mona Campus of the University of the West Indies. Seismic events are recorded on 600-m reels of magnetic tape and the position of each event is located by first replaying and then transcribing the data on the tape for the five stations onto strip chart. P and S arrival times are then read into an IBM-PC and the magnitude and epicentre determined by using the 'JCA-HYPO' program, based on a four-layer model for Jamaica. In addition to the network of seismic stations there are six strong motion accelerographs, which are deployed in high-rise buildings in urban and rural Jamaica. Since their installation in the mid-1970s only one earthquake, in 1978, yielded a good strong motion record. In 1983 the Jamaica Bureau of Standards introduced a National Building Code for engineers in which it recommended that structures be designed according to the code of the Structural Engineers' Association of California.

  6. Open questions in the present heliospheric research and challenges for upcoming space mission like IMAP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahr, H. J.

    2015-12-01

    Since the appearance of the first IBEX ENA fullsky maps in 2009 up to the present time it remained an open question what ENA sources are reponsible for the famous "IBEX-ribbon" feature. Both innerheliospheric and outerheliospheric ENA sources still today compete as reponsible candidates for that feature. Whether the ribbon-producing ENA`s are due to charge exchange processes inside or outside the heliopause is an outstanding question up to the present days. The answer, as I will show, will surely come with an extended energy range of the ENA detector and with a better time resolution in ENA maps, helping to control the reflection of temporal variations of solar wind flux patterns in ENA features as it all will be realized with IMAP.A second open question concerns the compressibility of the heliosheath plasma. Incompressibility prevails under very low Mach number flows or very high effective sound speeds, as could be realized by hot PUI`s or hot electrons downstream of the termination shock. Hot suprathermal electrons have been predicted, but not yet confirmed by VOYAGER measurements. At the low energy side of the spectrum this is explained by the negative charge-up of the spacecraft, at the medium energy range (0.5-1.0 MeV) shock-processed suprathermal electrons are likely to in fact explain the observations.Furthermore these electrons would directly influence the electrostatic wave characteristics in the heliosheath leading to unexpected propagation properties of such waves. To clarify on some of these points IMAP should have a sensitive electron detector which could monitor solar wind electron properties at passages of travelling shocks and thus prove the efficiency of shock processing.If in fact hot electrons have to be expected in the heliosheath, then electron impact ionization processes have to be studied in new details, and the question may arise whether also LISM helium under these new auspices becomes partially ionized when crossing the heliosheath.

  7. Shifts in Search Engine Development: A Review of Past, Present and Future Trends in Research on Search Engines

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid R. Jamali; Saeid Asadi

    2004-01-01

    The World Wide Web has developed fast and many people use search engines to capture information from the Web. This article reviews past, present and future of search engines. Papers published in four major Web and information management conferences were surveyed to track research interests in the last five years. Web search and information retrieval topics such as ranking, filtering and query formulation are still hot topics among researchers. The most important shifts and issues of the futur...

  8. 34 CFR 97.405 - Research involving greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. 97.405 Section 97.405 Education Office... the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. ED conducts or funds research in which the... holds out the prospect of direct benefit for the individual subject, or by a monitoring procedure...

  9. The Present and Future of Planetary Nebula Research. A White Paper by the IAU Planetary Nebula Working Group

    CERN Document Server

    Kwitter, K B; Peña, M; Stanghellini, L; Corradi, R L M; DeMarco, O; Fang, X; Henry, R B C; Karakas, A I; Liu, X -W; López, J A; Manchado, A; Parker, Q A

    2014-01-01

    We present a summary of current research on planetary nebulae and their central stars, and related subjects such as atomic processes in ionized nebulae, AGB and post-AGB evolution. Future advances are discussed that will be essential to substantial improvements in our knowledge in the field.

  10. Global Trends and Research Aims for English Academic Oral Presentations: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities for Learning Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Neil E.; Liu, Gi-Zen

    2016-01-01

    English has become the de facto language for communication in academia in many parts of the world, but English language learners often lack the language resources to make effective oral academic presentations. However, English for academic purposes (EAP) research is beginning to provide valuable insights into this emerging field. This literature…

  11. Adapting a MOOC for Research: Lessons Learned from the First Presentation of "Literature and Mental Health: Reading for Wellbeing"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodge, Rachael

    2016-01-01

    The University of Warwick's FutureLearn MOOC "Literature and Mental Health: Reading for Wellbeing," which began its first presentation February 2016, was identified as an opportunity to conduct some research into the course subject area, "reading for wellbeing" or "bibliotherapy". Since 2013, a substantial body of…

  12. Intervention in engineering students’ final year capstone research projects to enhance their written, oral and presentation skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Blicblau

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article describes an intervention and enhancement approach to improvement in capstone student’s written, oral and presentation skills as part of their final year research project requirements especially for international students, whose first language is not English. Training in these skills have been incorporated into the early stages of the final year research (capstone project, as an intervention and enhancement program, incorporating a series of intensive seminars and practical applications to provide the students with these capabilities.  In this paper, we report on the research question “how does an intensive intervention and enhancement program in an engineering capstone research project effect students’ perceptions and their capabilities in communicating their research findings.” Results of student responses showed statistically significant differences between perceptions of local and international students in categories of intervention and enhancement in a tutorial environment for writing, oral communication and presentations. International students perceived the intervention and enhancement process of greater benefit to their engineering future than local students did. Overall, the results from this work are relevant to both international and local students who may be lacking in specialised reporting and English skills.

  13. Super-TIGER2: A Very-Large-Area, High-Resolution, Trans-Iron Cosmic Ray Investigation - Caltech Co-I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mewaldt, Richard

    (GCR) origins and complements instruments with different observational aims including AMS, CALET, BESS-Polar, CREAM, TRACER, and PAMELA. This investigation addresses NASA Strategic Goal 2.4—Discover how the universe works, explore how it began and evolved, and search for Earth-like planets. This is a suborbital astrophysics proposal. The proposed work will be performed by a collaboration of scientists from Washington University in St. Louis (PI institution), Goddard Space Flight Center (Co-I institution), the California Institute of Technology (Co-I institution, with JPL participation), and the University of Minnesota (Collaborating institution). SuperTIGER-2 will use the same techniques used in SuperTIGER (dE/dx and Cherenkov measurements combined with trajectory data to measure the charge and energy of cosmic ray nuclei. As in Super-TIGER1, Caltech will be responsible for aerogel radiators in one of the two Cherenkov counters in SuperTIGER-2. Caltech will also participate in integration and test, in monitoring the Antarctic balloon flight, and in data analysis activities.

  14. The U.S. Army Research Laboratory’s Auditory Research for the Dismounted Soldier: Present (2009-2011) and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    National Standards Institute, International Standards Organization, and International Electrotechnical Committee working groups, seeking to provide...and paper summaries published in a wide range of journals. Some of the journals reporting ART’s research studies include Human Factors, Applied... Paper presented at the New Directions for Improving Audio Effectiveness, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 2005. MacDonald, J. A. A Localization Algorithm

  15. Information Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

  16. Accepted standards on how to give a Medical Research Presentation: a systematic review of expert opinion papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blome, Christine; Sondermann, Hanno; Augustin, Matthias

    2017-01-01

    Background: This systematic review aimed to extract recommendations from expert opinion articles on how to give a medical research presentation on a scientific conference and to determine whether the experts agree on what makes an effective or poor presentation. Methods: Presentation-related terms were searched within article titles listed in PubMed, restricting the search to English-language articles published from January 1975 to July 2015. Recommendations were extracted from the articles, grouped by content, and analyzed for frequency. Ninety-one articles were included. Among 679 different recommendations, 29 were given in more than 20% of articles each. The five most frequent recommendations were to keep slides simple, adjust the talk to the audience, rehearse, not read the talk from slides or a manuscript, and make eye contact. Results: No article gave advice that was the complete opposite of the 29 most frequent recommendations with the exception of whether a light or dark background should be used for slides. Conclusions: Researchers should comply with these widely accepted standards to be perceived as effective presenters.

  17. Accepted standards on how to give a Medical Research Presentation: a systematic review of expert opinion papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blome, Christine

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: This systematic review aimed to extract recommendations from expert opinion articles on how to give a medical research presentation on a scientific conference and to determine whether the experts agree on what makes an effective or poor presentation. Methods: Presentation-related terms were searched within article titles listed in PubMed, restricting the search to English-language articles published from January 1975 to July 2015. Recommendations were extracted from the articles, grouped by content, and analyzed for frequency. Ninety-one articles were included. Among 679 different recommendations, 29 were given in more than 20% of articles each. The five most frequent recommendations were to keep slides simple, adjust the talk to the audience, rehearse, not read the talk from slides or a manuscript, and make eye contact. Results: No article gave advice that was the complete opposite of the 29 most frequent recommendations with the exception of whether a light or dark background should be used for slides. Conclusions: Researchers should comply with these widely accepted standards to be perceived as effective presenters.

  18. CONFERENCE SUMMARY: Summary and comment on superconducting analogue electronics research, including materials and fabrication, as presented at ISEC 07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, C. P.

    2007-11-01

    The main theme at ISEC 2007 for superconducting materials, fabrication and analogue electronics was the description of incremental developments, including a few new directions that indicate breakthroughs in this area of research. The work on applications focused on their cost-benefit analysis (in order to improve their appeal), the development of simpler systems, making more of the data collected, improving packaging and being responsive to the power handling requirements for commercial systems. All papers presenting this level of research highlighted the importance of obtaining all the necessary details in order to investigate analogue devices and the effectiveness and commercial viability of their systems. This stage of development is important if we are to achieve the transition of superconducting electronics from the laboratory to commercial use. There were some exciting disruptive breakthroughs reported. These were in the areas of nano-SQUIDs, rotating gradiometers, superconducting scanning tunnelling microscopy (Hayashi et al) and the potential of superconducting photonics using optical interfaces with superconducting vortex flow transistors, for example. The materials research in low (LTS), high (HTS) and medium (MTS) critical temperature superconductors was reported. In LTS, nitrides emerged as important materials for use as new tunnel barriers, either insulating or semiconducting. Papers on BaN, NbN, TaN, GaN and Nb-Si superconducting materials were also presented. The MTS material of MgB2 is still under development (Zhao et al). There were also new research groups from South Africa and Turkey attending the conference. The fabrication research presented covered the areas of critical current Ic spread, which is still an issue in reducing the reproducibility of Josephson junctions, a 150 mm process for Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb and methods to improve barrier layers using both new materials and smooth surfaces at thin film interfaces (Du et al). New methods to make sub

  19. From English to Chinese, Japanese, and Russian: extending research visibility with language translations of a conference slide presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffecker, Lilian; Abbey, Dana

    2017-01-01

    Objective The research demonstrates that a conference slide presentation translated into non-English languages reaches significantly larger and different audiences than an English presentation alone. Methods The slides of a presentation from the Medical Library Association annual meeting were translated from English to Chinese, Japanese, and Russian and posted along with the English version to SlideShare, an open slide-hosting website. View counts, traffic sources, and geographic origins of the traffic for each language version were tracked over a twenty-two-month period. Results Total view counts for all 4 language versions amounted to 3,357 views, with the Chinese version accounting for 71% of the total views. The trends in view counts over time for the Japanese, Russian, and English versions were similar, with high interest at the beginning and a rapid drop and low level of viewing activity thereafter. The pattern of view counts for the Chinese version departed considerably from the other language versions, with very low activity at the beginning but a sharp rise 10 months later. This increase in activity was related to access to the presentations via a Taiwanese website that embedded the SlideShare website code. Conclusions Language translation can be a difficult and time-consuming task. However, translation of a conference slide presentation with limited text is an achievable activity and engages an international audience for information that is often not noticed or lost. Although English is by far the primary language of science and other disciplines, it is not necessarily the first or preferred language of global researchers. By offering appropriate language versions, the authors of presentations can expand the reach of their work. PMID:28096746

  20. Shifts in search engine development: A review of past, present and future trends in research on search engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid R. Jamali

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web has developed fast and many people use search engines to capture information from the Web. This article reviews past, present and future of search engines. Papers published in four major Web and information management conferences were surveyed to track research interests in the last five years. Web search and information retrieval topics such as ranking, filtering and query formulation are still hot topics among researchers. The most important shifts and issues of the future of search engines are mentioned too. Search engine companies are trying to capture the Deep Web and extract structured data to offer high quality results. Using Web page structure, shared search engines, expert recommendations and different mobile search facilities seem to be features of the next generation of search engines.

  1. T1DBase: update 2011, organization and presentation of large-scale data sets for type 1 diabetes research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burren, Oliver S; Adlem, Ellen C; Achuthan, Premanand; Christensen, Mikkel; Coulson, Richard M R; Todd, John A

    2011-01-01

    T1DBase (http://www.t1dbase.org) is web platform, which supports the type 1 diabetes (T1D) community. It integrates genetic, genomic and expression data relevant to T1D research across mouse, rat and human and presents this to the user as a set of web pages and tools. This update describes the incorporation of new data sets, tools and curation efforts as well as a new website design to simplify site use. New data sets include curated summary data from four genome-wide association studies relevant to T1D, HaemAtlas-a data set and tool to query gene expression levels in haematopoietic cells and a manually curated table of human T1D susceptibility loci, incorporating genetic overlap with other related diseases. These developments will continue to support T1D research and allow easy access to large and complex T1D relevant data sets.

  2. Reading, Writing, and Presenting Original Scientific Research: A Nine-Week Course in Scientific Communication for High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Sarah Danka

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available High school students are not often given opportunities to communicate scientific findings to their peers, the general public, and/or people in the scientific community, and therefore they do not develop scientific communication skills. We present a nine-week course that can be used to teach high school students, who may have no previous experience, how to read and write primary scientific articles and how to discuss scientific findings with a broad audience. Various forms of this course have been taught for the past 10 years as part of an intensive summer research program for rising high school seniors that is coordinated by the Young Scientist Program at Washington University in St. Louis. The format presented here includes assessments for efficacy through both rubric-based methods and student self-assessment surveys.

  3. Tai Chi Chuan and Qigong in scientific research: present and future. [Tai Chi Chuan y Qigong en el ámbito científico: presente y futuro].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Jesús Jiménez-Martín

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Asian natural health practices are increasingly present in the physical and sporting habits of the Western population. In particular, the Tai Chi Chuan (TCC and Qigong (QG have become an everyday activity that can be performed both in parks and sports facilities in Western cities. The impact of these activities on a global level is very difficult to measure, however, given the lack of statistics on the number of practitioners, associations and existing schools. The degree of acceptance that these disciplines have achieved can be measured by the number of informative publications about them. According to the study by Perez and Gutierrez (2008, 215 (62.3 % of the 345 papers published between 1960 and 2006 on Chinese martial arts were on QG, and 115 (33.3 % papers were on TCC, implying that both practices represented 95.6 percent of these publications. More importantly, during the 1990-1999 and 2000-2006 time periods, TCC came to occupy the top of monographs published, ahead of the rest of all forms of Chinese, Japanese and Korean martial arts; during the last time period, QG represented the third most published. According to the authors, the rise of this activity can be attributed to motivation changes for sports. Health, personal development, education, and socialization, as opposed to competition, have become increasingly important goals, which both TCC and QG fit perfectly.

  4. Presentation of a research project addressed to the realisation of a diamond-based cellular biosensing device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boarino, Luca; Carabelli, Valentina; Carbone, Emilio; Genovese, Marco; Gosso, Sara; Olivero, Paolo; Pasquarelli, Alberto; Picollo, Federico; Traina, Paolo

    2012-02-01

    In this proceedings we will present a research project financed by Piedmont regional government (Italy; finalized to the realization and commercialization of functional devices for cellular bio-sensing based on diamond. Partners of the project are: Crisel Instruments, Torino University, Torino Polytechnic, INRIM, Politronica, Bionica Tech, Ulm University Here the main features of the final devices will be briefly summarized. We envisage an active diamond-based cellular substrate that can simultaneously stimulate and detect a variety of signals (chemical, optical, electrical) to and from neuroendocrine cells, in a fully biocompatible environment for the cellular system under test. Such a device can be realized by fully exploiting the peculiar properties of diamond: optical transparency, biocompatibility, chemical inertness, accessibility to a conductive graphite-like phase; properties that will be further explored and tested during the project.

  5. Quantifying the variability of financial disclosure information reported by authors presenting research at multiple sports medicine conferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jegede, Kolawole A; Ju, Brian; Miller, Christopher P; Whang, Peter; Grauer, Jonathan N

    2011-11-01

    In the study reported here, we compared self-reported industry relationships of authors who attended 3 major orthopedic sports medicine conferences during a single calendar year. Our goal was to calculate the variability between disclosure information over time. A significant percentage of authors who attended these meetings were inconsistent in submitting their disclosure information. In addition, most authors with irregularities had more than 1 discrepancy. We believe that the vast majority of the observed discrepancies did not result from intentional deception on the part of the authors but instead from ongoing confusion regarding which industry relationships should be acknowledged for particular meetings (some specialty societies require that all relationships be divulged, whereas others require only those affiliations directly applicable to research being presented). In the absence of a uniform disclosure policy that is widely adopted by many specialty societies, these findings suggest that the disclosure process will continue to be plagued by inconsistent reporting of financial conflicts of interest.

  6. 45 CFR 46.207 - Research not otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Pregnant Women, Human Fetuses and Neonates Involved in Research § 46.207 Research not otherwise approvable... health or welfare of pregnant women, fetuses, or neonates. The Secretary will conduct or fund research... affecting the health or welfare of pregnant women, fetuses or neonates; (ii) The research will be...

  7. High Energy Physics: Report of research accomplishments and future goals, FY 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1991-09-05

    This report discusses high energy physics research in the following areas: Research in theoretical physics; phenomenology; experimental computer facility at Caltech; Beijing BES; MACRO; CLEO II; SLD; L3 at LEP; the B Factory R & D Program; SSC GEM Detector; and a high resolution barium fluoride calorimeter for the SSC.

  8. The assessment of the prognosis of musculoskeletal conditions in older adults presenting to general practice: a research protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clements Charlotte

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Musculoskeletal conditions represent a common reason for consulting general practice yet with the exception of low back pain, relatively little is known about the prognosis of these disorders. Recent evidence suggests that common 'generic' factors may be of value when assessing prognosis, irrespective of the location of the pain. This study will test a generic assessment tool used as part of the general practice consultation to determine prognosis of musculoskeletal complaints. Methods/Design Older adults (aged 50 years and over presenting to six general practices with musculoskeletal complaints will be assessed as part of the routine consultation using a generic assessment of prognosis. Participants will receive a self-completion questionnaire at baseline, three, six and 12 months post consultation to gather further data on pain, disability and psychological status. The primary outcome measure is participant's global rating of change. Discussion Prognosis is considered to be a fundamental component of scientific medicine yet prognostic research in primary care settings is currently neglected and prognostic enquiry is disappearing from general medical textbooks. This study aims to address this issue by examining the use of generic prognostic factors in a general practice setting.

  9. Analysis of research present situation of mud invasion%泥浆侵入研究现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘尊年; 孙建孟; 迟秀荣; 吴淑琴; 李俊国

    2012-01-01

    The invasion of mud and filtrate is a complicate physical process in the well drilling process. The affecting factors of mud invasion is uncertain when the exploration area and the engineering conditions of well sites are changed. Therefore,it is very diffcult to obtain true formation resistivity and to evaluate accurately the reservoir. This article reviews the research present situation of mud invasion at home and aboard on the affecting factors, the log responses, the calculation of invasion radius and the correction methods of mud invasion. Based on the analysis of mud invasion mechanism, we expect to find some hints for bettter understanding the laws of invasion and morr suitable correction methods, and to guide more accurate reservoir evaluattion. The future study should combine rock physical experiments to further investigate the dynamic mud invasion mechanism and come out more precise and more universal applicable numerical method that can conduct forward and inversion study. Then, the logging resistivity could be effectively and in real-time manner corrected. In addition, the research and development of high performance low invasion mud system, advanced logging with drilling method and emphasizing the influence of rigsite engineering factors are very important to both the study focusing on reduction of mud invasion and the study of low resistivity oil &gas formations under the complex well structure condition.%泥浆及其滤液侵入油气储层是一个复杂的物理过程,其影响因素因区块情况和井场工程因素的不同又有许多不确定性,很难得到地层真电阻率,影响储层测井评价的精确度.本文以泥浆侵入机理的分析为基础,结合国内外对泥浆侵入的研究情况,从泥浆侵入影响因素、泥浆侵入对测井响应的影响、侵入半径的计算和侵入校正方法等方面,对泥浆侵入的研究状况进行了综合评述,以期找出其规律性,为进一步探索更好的泥浆侵入校正

  10. An Action Research Process on University Tutorial Sessions with Small Groups: Presentational Tutorial Sessions and Online Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcaraz-Salarirche, Noelia; Gallardo-Gil, Monsalud; Herrera-Pastor, David; Servan-Nunez, Maria Jose

    2011-01-01

    We describe and analyse the action research process carried out by us as teachers in a general didactics course in the University of Malaga (Spain). The course methodology combined lectures to the whole class and small-group work. We were in charge of guiding small-group work. In the small groups, students researched on an educational innovation…

  11. [Present status of research in bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells for promoting the healing of diabetic ulcer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Shu-Juan; Jia, Chi-Yu

    2012-08-01

    The delayed healing of diabetic ulcer has been haunting the surgeons and researchers for a long time. Although we have been researching and exploring the effective therapies for many years, the progress has been limited. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have gradually won worldwide attention for their characteristics of differentiating into tissue repair cells and secreting multiple cytokines as well as growth factors. In recent years, the role of BMSCs in the treatment of diabetic ulcer has been drawing more and more attention. This article reviewed the advancement in the research of BMSCs in promoting the healing of diabetic ulcer. Through a discussion of the treatment of diabetic ulcer, the related research in BMSCs, as well as its role in diabetic ulcer treatment, the mechanism of BMSCs in promoting healing of diabetic ulcers is discussed. We expect through further research, unified criteria for the quality of BMSCs, application approach and dosage of BMSCs could be established.

  12. Almanac 2011: acute coronary syndromes. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Charles J; Timmis, Adam D

    2011-12-01

    This overview highlights some recent advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, risk stratification and treatment of acute coronary syndromes. The sheer volume of new studies reflects the robust state of global cardiovascular research but the focus here is on findings that are of most interest to the practising cardiologist. Incidence and mortality rates for myocardial infarction are in decline, probably owing to a combination of lifestyle changes, particularly smoking cessation, and improved pharmacological and interventional treatment. Troponins remain central for diagnosis and new high-sensitivity assays are further lowering detection thresholds and improving outcomes. The incremental diagnostic value of other circulating biomarkers remains unclear and for risk stratification simple clinical algorithms such as the GRACE score have proved more useful. Primary PCI with minimal treatment delay is the most effective reperfusion strategy in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Radial access is associated with less bleeding than with the femoral approach, but outcomes appear similar. Manual thrombectomy limits distal embolisation and infarct size while drug-eluting stents reduce the need for further revascularisation procedures. Non-culprit disease is best dealt with electively as a staged procedure after primary PCI has been completed. The development of antithrombotic and antiplatelet regimens for primary PCI continues to evolve, with new indications for fondaparinux and bivalirudin as well as small-molecule glycoprotein (GP)IIb/IIIa inhibitors. If timely primary PCI is unavailable, fibrinolytic treatment remains an option but a strategy of early angiographic assessment is recommended for all patients. Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(NSTEMI) is now the dominant phenotype and out-comes after the acute phase are significantly worse than for STEMI. Many patients with NSTEMI remain undertreated and there is a large body of recent work seeking to

  13. Review of Present Collection and Research on Forestry Contracts of Qing Dynasty in Jinping County, Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shen Wenjia; Wang Ningwei; Dong Yuan

    2004-01-01

    Forestry contracts of the Qing Dynasty in Jinping County, southwest China's Guizhou Province, are a unique historical legacy of China. It came into being with the development of society and economy of Jinping. Research on these contracts is becoming widespread domestically and abroad as well. This paper is intended to make a review of the collection and research of forestry contracts in Jinping according to the chronological sequence.

  14. Towards a set of design principles for developing oral presentation competence: A synthesis of research in higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ginkel, van S.O.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Biemans, H.J.A.; Mulder, M.

    2015-01-01

    Developing oral presentation competence is an essential objective in higher education. However, a comprehensive picture of effective learning environment characteristics for encouraging oral presentation performance is lacking hitherto. This review identifies and classifies relevant studies with the

  15. Presentation of the results of 1993-1994 of the peat production research area; Turvetuotanto - tutkimusalueen katsaus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leinonen, A.

    1996-12-31

    The development target of the peat production research area of the Biomass research programme is to improve the competitivity of peat by reducing the production costs by 20 % (5-6 FIM/MWh) from the level of 1992 and to reduce the environmental load. The main targets of peat production, by which the target can be met, are ditching and preparation technologies, drying technology, machine technology, methodology, integration of wood harvesting and peat production, and application of the results of the Optimiturve research programme in practice. The objectives of the peat production research are possible to meet if the partial targets are met. Increment of the open-ditch distance from 20 m to 60 m reduces the production costs by 5.0 %, increment of the rate of utilization of solar radiation from 30 % to 40 % reduces the production costs by 8 %, reduction of the amount of residual peat from 3000 MWh to 1500 MWh reduces the costs by 6.5 %, development of light and firesafe machines by 3 %, and integrated harvesting of wood by 3 %. Meeting of the partial targets reduces the production costs by 24 %. The main research areas of peat production will be carried out further. The total funding of the peat production researches in 1993-1994 was 19.4 million FIM (9.7 million FIM/a). The share of the total funding of the research organization projects has been 6.7 million FIM and that of the company projects 12.7 million FIM. The share of the Finnish Ministry of Trade and Industry of the funding has been 9.0 million FIM (46 %)

  16. Developing the Philippines as a Global Hub for Disaster Risk Reduction - A Health Research Initiative as Presented at the 10th Philippine National Health Research System Week Celebration

    OpenAIRE

    Banwell, Nicola; Montoya, Jaime; Opeña, Merlita; IJsselmuiden, Carel; Law, Ronald; Balboa, Gloria J.; Rutherford, Shannon; Chu, Cordia; Murray, Virginia

    2016-01-01

    The recent Philippine National Health Research System (PNHRS) Week Celebration highlighted the growing commitment to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the Philippines. The event was lead by the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology and the Department of Health, and saw the participation of national and international experts in DRR, and numerous research consortia from all over the Philippines. With a central focus on the Sendai Frame...

  17. Information Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Kritina L.; Thompson, Shelby G.; Sandor, Aniko; McCann, Robert S.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Adelstein, Barnard D.; Begault, Durand R.; Beutter, Brent R.; Stone, Leland S.; Godfroy, Martine

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. In addition to addressing display design issues associated with information formatting, style, layout, and interaction, the Information Presentation DRP is also working toward understanding the effects of extreme environments encountered in space travel on information processing. Work is also in progress to refine human factors-based design tools, such as human performance modeling, that will supplement traditional design techniques and help ensure that optimal information design is accomplished in the most cost-efficient manner. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP for FY10 are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. The poster will highlight completed and planned work for each subtask.

  18. Pharmacy Education Reaction to Presentations on Bridging the Gap Between the Basic Sciences and Clinical Practice: Teaching, Research, and Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doluisio, James T.

    1980-01-01

    Issues in the conflict between clinical practice and basic research in pharmacy are reviewed: professional associations' role, curriculum needs and traditions, internal strains and diversity in the profession, computer use, scholarly work of faculty, using the medical profession as a model, and misperceptions of what clinical and basic sciences…

  19. 40 CFR 26.405 - Observational research involving greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. 26.405... but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. If the IRB finds that an...: (a) The intervention or procedure holds out the prospect of direct benefit to the individual...

  20. 45 CFR 46.405 - Research involving greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. 46.405 Section 46.405 Public Welfare... risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. HHS will conduct or fund... procedure that holds out the prospect of direct benefit for the individual subject, or by a...

  1. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (31st, Orlando, FL, 2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    For the thirty-first year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) sponsored the publication of these Proceedings. Papers were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. This year's Proceedings has two sections--Section 1 includes research and development papers and…

  2. Present status of the infrared free-electron laser of the Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okuda, Shuichi; Isoyama, Goro; Honda, Yoshihide; Kato, Ryukou; Tagawa, Seiichi [Osaka Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Scientific and Industrial Research

    1997-03-01

    A free-electron laser with a 38-MeV L-band linear accelerator was developed at the Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University. The self-amplified spontaneous emission was observed at wavelengths of 20 and 40 {mu}m with a high-intensity single-bunch beam passing through a wiggler. In the oscillation experiments with a multibunch beam laser light was obtained at wavelengths from 32 to 40 {mu}m. The peak power in a micropulse of the laser is estimated to be 8.3 MW at a wavelength of 40 {mu}m. In order to apply the laser to basic researches some components of the linac and the optical cavity are being improved. (author)

  3. Judith Preissle: The Coming of Age of a Qualitative Researcher: The Impact of Qualitative Research in Education Past, Present, and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert B. Faux

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available This conversation centers on the development of the thought and career of Judith PREISSLE. The conversation deals with PREISSLE's formal education and training and the challenges she faced as she embarked on an academic career. In this part of PREISSLE's ac­count we are given a sense of how qualitative ap­proaches to doing research began to take shape and emerge in academics, with the attendant challenges. The conversation then focuses on PREISSLE's current work at the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA. She shares her ex­periences at Georgia and the burgeoning of qual­itative research in the curriculum, and the nurturing of new students as they pursue research utilizing qualitative methods. Finally, PREISSLE shares some philosophical insights concerning qualitative research and speculates about the future. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0403206

  4. March 1999 working group meeting on heavy vehicle aerodynamic drag: presentations and summary of comments and conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, M; Browand, F; McCallen, R; Ross, J; Salari, K

    1999-03-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California on March 11, 1999. The purpose of the meeting was to present technical details on the experimental and computational plans and approaches and provide an update on progress in obtaining experimental results, model developments, and simulations. The focus of the meeting was a review of the experimental results for the integrated tractor-trailer benchmark geometry called the Sandia Model in the NASA Ames 7 ft x 10 ft wind tunnel. The present and projected budget and funding situation was also discussed. Presentations were given by representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Transportation Technology Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology (OHVT), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and NASA Ames Research Center.This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items.

  5. Present researches on sleep restriction in China%睡眠限制国内研究现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 吴卫平

    2014-01-01

    Sleep is essential to human. But in modern society sleep time become shorter, which is described as sleep restriction in medical research. The conception of sleep restriction is restriction of total sleep time per day, making it shorter than normal level. However, most researches in China focus on sleep deprivation, which means do not sleep at all. Most people believe that our body could deal with the minor disturbance due to the sleep restriction. But it is not the truth. In this review, we tried to find the reason why the researches on sleep restriction were not as many as researches on sleep deprivation. We also systematic elaborated the influence made by sleep restriction. We hoped it could make researchers focus on the study of sleep restriction.%睡眠是人类赖以生存的生理现象。随着生活节奏的日益加快,人们的睡眠时间普遍不足。这一现象在医学上称之为睡眠限制,即在一个阶段内将每天的睡眠时间限制在低于正常的水平上,造成总的睡眠时间减少。目前国内的研究主要集中在睡眠剥夺,即某段时间内完全不睡眠,对睡眠限制的研究相对较少。睡眠限制对机体造成的影响往往不被人们所重视,认为人体可以通过适应而消除。而现实情况并非如此,因此研究睡眠限制对现实生活的意义很大。本文就睡眠限制国内研究较少的原因、研究所涉及的内容(睡眠限制对神经精神系统、生化、免疫及相关疾病的影响)进行分析及综述,希望能够引起大家对睡眠限制相关研究的重视。

  6. Summary of presentation for research on social structure, agreement, and conflict in groups in extreme and isolated environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Despite a vast amount of research, little is known concerning the effect of group structure, and individuals' understanding of that structure, on conflict in Antarctic groups. The overall objective of the research discussed is to determine the interrelationships of group structure, social cognition, and group function and conflict in isolated and extreme environments. In the two decades following WWII, a large body of research focused on the physiological, psychological, and social psychological factors affecting the functioning of individuals and groups in a variety of extreme and isolated environments in both the Arctic and Antarctic. There are two primary reasons for further research of this type. First, Antarctic polar stations are considered to be natural laboratories for the social and behavioral sciences and provide an opportunity to address certain theoretical and empirical questions concerned with agreement and conflict in social groups in general and group behavior in extreme, isolated environments in particular. Recent advances in the analysis of social networks and intracultural variation have improved the methods and have shifted the theoretical questions. The research is motivated by three classes of questions: (1) What are the characteristics of the social relations among individuals working and living together in extreme and isolated environments?; (2) What do individuals understand about their group, how does that understanding develop, and how is it socially distributed?; and (3) What is the relationship between that understanding and the functioning of the social group? Answers to these questions are important if we are to advance our knowledge of how individuals and groups adapt to extreme environments. Second, although Antarctic winter-over candidates may be evaluated as qualified on the basis of individual characteristics, they may fail to adapt because of certain characteristics of the social group. Consequently, the ability of winter

  7. Utilizing mixed methods research in analyzing Iranian researchers’ informarion search behaviour in the Web and presenting current pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Asadi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Using mixed methods research design, the current study has analyzed Iranian researchers’ information searching behaviour on the Web.Then based on extracted concepts, the model of their information searching behavior was revealed. . Forty-four participants, including academic staff from universities and research centers were recruited for this study selected by purposive sampling. Data were gathered from questionnairs including ten questions and semi-structured interview. Each participant’s memos were analyzed using grounded theory methods adapted from Strauss & Corbin (1998. Results showed that the main objectives of subjects were doing a research, writing a paper, studying, doing assignments, downloading files and acquiring public information in using Web. The most important of learning about how to search and retrieve information were trial and error and get help from friends among the subjects. Information resources are identified by searching in information resources (e.g. search engines, references in papers, and search in Online database… communications facilities & tools (e.g. contact with colleagues, seminars & workshops, social networking..., and information services (e.g. RSS, Alerting, and SDI. Also, Findings indicated that searching by search engines, reviewing references, searching in online databases, and contact with colleagues and studying last issue of the electronic journals were the most important for searching. The most important strategies were using search engines and scientific tools such as Google Scholar. In addition, utilizing from simple (Quick search method was the most common among subjects. Using of topic, keywords, title of paper were most important of elements for retrieval information. Analysis of interview showed that there were nine stages in researchers’ information searching behaviour: topic selection, initiating search, formulating search query, information retrieval, access to information

  8. Recent Developments in the Numerics of Nonlinear Hyperbolic Conservation Laws : Lectures Presented at a Workshop at the Mathematical Research Institute

    CERN Document Server

    Bijl, Hester; Meister, Andreas; Sonar, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    In January 2012 an Oberwolfach workshop took place on the topic of  recent developments in the numerics of partial differential equations. Focus was  laid on methods of high order and on applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics. The book covers most of the talks presented at this workshop.  

  9. Research and Teaching: Using Models from the Literature and Iterative Feedback to Teach Students to Construct Effective Data Figures for Poster Presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Christine E.; Contreras-Shannon, Veronica E.

    2017-01-01

    Analyzing, interpreting, and clearly presenting real data are skills we hope to develop in all students, majors and nonmajors alike. These process skills require lots of practice coupled with targeted feedback from instructors or mentors. Here we present a pedagogy implemented within a course-based research experience that is designed to help…

  10. Present situation and future challenges of beef cattle production in Italy and the role of the research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Cozzi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims at describing the current features and the future challenges of the beef cattle production systems in Italy. The first part of the article analyzes the main domestic production systems of veal calves and more adult beef cattle in terms of farm size and location, housing structures, feeding plans and cattle genotypes. The second part is address towards the analysis of a set of issues related to the current systems of production which could become important critical points in the short future. Potential solutions to reduce the environmental impact of the beef farms, to improve the animal welfare and to limit the import of foreign young livestock to be finished in our fattening units are proposed and discussed in the light of the more recent advances of the scientific research.

  11. 中式保健香肠的研究进展%Present status of research on healthcare sausage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯桂芳

    2011-01-01

    Research of healthcare sausage by food scientist was sorted since 2000. Healthcare sausage series had low-fat-low-cholesterol sausage,low-salt-high-water sausage,low-nitrate-low-nitrosamine sausage,sausage with dietary fiber,sausage with medicine food.%分类归纳了近10年食品工作者对中式保健功能香肠的研究,主要有低脂低胆固醇系列、低盐高水系列、低硝酸盐低亚硝胺类系列、含膳食纤维系列、添加药食同源食物系列。

  12. Interviewing with or without the partner present? – An underexposed dilemma between ethics and methodology in nursing research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norlyk, Annelise; Haahr, Anita; Hall, Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    on data collection. Design Discussion paper that draws on data from three phenomenological studies. Data sources Referring to three cases from our phenomenological studies, we discuss the different types of ethical and methodological dilemmas faced when undertaking joint and separate interviews...... with couples. Furthermore, we discuss how the unexpected presence of the partner potentially influences the data gathered from the patient. Implication for nursing The cases demonstrate the interrelatedness of ethics and methodology in studies based on in-depth interviews with couples. Nurse researchers may...... be caught up in a dilemma between ethical concerns and methodological considerations. We argue that the presence of the partner during an interview session might influence the data and favour expressions of shared rather than individual experiences of the phenomenon studied. Furthermore, we argue...

  13. Past, Present, and Future of eHealth and mHealth Research to Improve Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandelanotte, Corneel; Müller, Andre M; Short, Camille E; Hingle, Melanie; Nathan, Nicole; Williams, Susan L; Lopez, Michael L; Parekh, Sanjoti; Maher, Carol A

    2016-03-01

    Because physical inactivity and unhealthy diets are highly prevalent, there is a need for cost-effective interventions that can reach large populations. Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions have shown promising outcomes and have expanded rapidly in the past decade. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the state of the evidence for the use of eHealth and mHealth in improving physical activity and nutrition behaviors in general and special populations. The role of theory in eHealth and mHealth interventions is addressed, as are methodological issues. Key recommendations for future research in the field of eHealth and mHealth are provided.

  14. The Present Situation of the Research on Behavior of Nurse Check%护士查对行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡忠华; 王国蓉; 巴智明

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the quality and factors of checking for providing proof to regulation and improving chec-king quality and looking for ideas in study. Methods A systematic search of eight electronic databases-wanfangmed data,CNKI data,vipdata,ScienceDirect,Springerlink ACS,EBSCO,OVID-for all articles describing checking of nurse,patient's safe, checking of medication in both adults and children since 2004 up to and including November 2014. Results The papers's researches in-clude implementing situation,developing new methods and teaching and training for checking,in which the status isn't good thoughchecking system always develops along with medical and society,the focus of study is new methods and training of checking but received less supporting from researches in behavior,medical safety culture etc. Conclusion The shortness of classification research combination of personal,organizational,environmental factors induces the lacking of high quality empirical basis for building refine-ment checking procedure and content points.%目的 了解护士查对行为质量和影响因素,为规范和提升查对制度落实提供依据,进一步探索护士查对行为的研究方向. 方法 通过中文万方数据库、CNKI数据库、维普数据库,ACS,EBSCO,OVID,ScienceDirect,Springerlink数据库,检索与护士查对行为和患者安全给药查对相关文献,文章时间为2004至2014年. 结果 按文献内容分为查对制度落实现状研究,查对方式研究和查对培训研究三部分. 护理查对制度在方法和要求上随着医疗模式和社会发展不断演变和发展,但给药的查对措施落实现状并不乐观,个人和系统因素对护士查对行为均有影响. 发展查对方法和加强护士查对培训是目前研究主要的关注点,但对社会行为学、医院安全文化等组织环境因素对查对行为培养和实施的影响研究较少. 结论 我国目前还缺乏结合个人、组织、环境因素对不同查

  15. Almanac 2011: Acute coronary syndromes. The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Knight

    2012-03-01

    Cardiac rehabilitation is recommended for all patients with acute myocardial infarction but take-up rates are disappointing. Home-based programmes are effective and may be more acceptable for many patients. Evidence for the benefits of lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy for secondary prevention continues to accumulate but the argument for omega-3 fatty acid supplements is now hard to sustain following recent negative trials. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators for patients with severe myocardial infarction protect against sudden death but for primary prevention should be based on left ventricular ejection fraction measurements late (around 40 days after presentation, earlier deployment showing no mortality benefit.

  16. Practical guidance for the use of a pattern-matching technique in case-study research: a case presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almutairi, Adel F; Gardner, Glenn E; McCarthy, Alexandra

    2014-06-01

    This paper reports on a study that demonstrates how to apply pattern matching as an analytical method in case-study research. Case-study design is appropriate for the investigation of highly-contextualized phenomena that occur within the social world. Case-study design is considered a pragmatic approach that permits employment of multiple methods and data sources in order to attain a rich understanding of the phenomenon under investigation. The findings from such multiple methods can be reconciled in case-study analysis, specifically through a pattern-matching technique. Although this technique is theoretically explained in the literature, there is scant guidance on how to apply the method practically when analyzing data. This paper demonstrates the steps taken during pattern matching in a completed case-study project that investigated the influence of cultural diversity in a multicultural nursing workforce on the quality and safety of patient care. The example highlighted in this paper contributes to the practical understanding of the pattern-matching process, and can also make a substantial contribution to case-study methods.

  17. Personal Reflections on a Tale of Two Books: Social and Environmental Accounting Research in the Past, Present and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reg Mathews

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper was requested by the guest editors of the Australasian Accounting, Business and Finance Journal(AABFJ following the Sydney CSEAR conference. One topic suggested to me was to write a comment onrecent developments leveraging on GG 2007 or that part that has not been published previously. I am pleasedto attempt this but wish also to make reference to another book published at the same time (Unerman,Bebbington and O’Dwyer (UBOD 2007, because I believe that the different perspectives presented areinformative for all scholars in the field of SEAR which is now often referred to as SA. The remainder of thispaper other than the introduction and conclusion will consist of firstly a review of GG 2007, secondly a reviewof UBOD 2007, and thirdly a number of observations based on these contrasting works.

  18. Web application security research present situation and protection%web应用安全现状及防护研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠好学

    2015-01-01

    在运用web应用时,应重视系统本身的安全保护,对系统中的漏洞及时进行处理与防护,以避免发生网络安全事件,给用户带来不可挽回的损失.本文首先阐述了web应用的安全现状,对系统的主要几种攻击方式进行了探讨并提出了一些防护对策,为web应用的安全防护提供理论借鉴.%Therefore, when using the web application, should attach great importance to the protection of the security of the system itself and loopholes in the system for processing and protection in time, to avoid network security incidents, and to the user bring irreparable damage. This paper first describes the present situation of web application security, probes into several major attacks of system and puts forward some protective measures, provide theoretical reference for web application security protection.

  19. A review of planetary and space science projects presented at iCubeSat, the Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Michael

    2015-04-01

    iCubeSat, the Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop, is an annual technical workshop for researchers working on an exciting new standardised platform and opportunity for planetary and space scientists. The first workshop was held in 2012 at MIT, 2013 at Cornell, 2014 at Caltech with the 2015 workshop scheduled to take place on the 26-27th May 2015 at Imperial College London. Mission concepts and flight projects presented since 2012 have included orbiters and landers targeting asteroids, the moon, Mars, Venus, Saturn and their satellites to perform science traditionally reserved for flagship missions at a fraction of their cost. Some of the first missions proposed are currently being readied for flight in Europe, taking advantage of multiple ride share launch opportunities and technology providers. A review of these and other interplanetary CubeSat projects will be presented, covering details of their science objectives, instrument capabilities, technology, team composition, budget, funding sources, and the other programattic elements required to implement this potentially revolutionary new class of mission.

  20. Current trends in research and clinical issues in the study of personality and its disorders: a survey of the presentations at the ISSPD anniversary congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonsen, Erik; Sørensen, Per; Pedersen, Liselotte

    2014-10-01

    The International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders (ISSPD) celebrated its 25th anniversary in September 2013 in Copenhagen and commemorated the First International Congress at the same site. The overall theme of the congress was "Bridging Personality and Psychopathology: The Person Behind the Illness." More than 400 abstracts were submitted, and the program included 8 keynote presentations, 18 invited symposia, a debate on current controversial issues in the classification of personality disorders (Fossati, Tyrer, Livesley, and Krueger), an ISSPD award lecture (Silk), a jubilee lecture (Simonsen), a young researchers' symposium (Hopwood, Sharp, and Kaess), and special lectures on the Danish philosopher Soeren Kierkegaard and the poet Hans Christian Andersen. In this article we will survey the presentations and highlight the important issues in order to underline the current trends in research and clinical interests in personality disorders. The keynote video presentations, invited symposia, and slide presentations are freely available at www.isspd2013.com.

  1. What guidance are researchers given on how to present network meta-analyses to end-users such as policymakers and clinicians? A systematic review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shannon M Sullivan

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs are complex methodological approaches that may be challenging for non-technical end-users, such as policymakers and clinicians, to understand. Consideration should be given to identifying optimal approaches to presenting NMAs that help clarify analyses. It is unclear what guidance researchers currently have on how to present and tailor NMAs to different end-users. METHODS: A systematic review of NMA guidelines was conducted to identify guidance on how to present NMAs. Electronic databases and supplementary sources were searched for NMA guidelines. Presentation format details related to sample formats, target audiences, data sources, analysis methods and results were extracted and frequencies tabulated. Guideline quality was assessed following criteria developed for clinical practice guidelines. RESULTS: Seven guidelines were included. Current guidelines focus on how to conduct NMAs but provide limited guidance to researchers on how to best present analyses to different end-users. None of the guidelines provided reporting templates. Few guidelines provided advice on tailoring presentations to different end-users, such as policymakers. Available guidance on presentation formats focused on evidence networks, characteristics of individual trials, comparisons between direct and indirect estimates and assumptions of heterogeneity and/or inconsistency. Some guidelines also provided examples of figures and tables that could be used to present information. CONCLUSIONS: Limited guidance exists for researchers on how best to present NMAs in an accessible format, especially for non-technical end-users such as policymakers and clinicians. NMA guidelines may require further integration with end-users' needs, when NMAs are used to support healthcare policy and practice decisions. Developing presentation formats that enhance understanding and accessibility of NMAs could also enhance the transparency and legitimacy of

  2. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

  3. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

  4. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  5. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  6. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (28th, Orlando, Florida, 2005). Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.; Crawford, Margaret, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    For the twenty-eighth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  7. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (28th, Orlando, Florida, 2005). Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.; Crawford, Margaret, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    For the twenty-eighth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the National AECT Convention in Orlando, Florida. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  8. Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathematics Teaching, 1973

    1973-01-01

    Implications for teachers from Piagetian-oriented piagetian-oriented research on problem solving reported in an article by Eleanor Duckworth are presented. Edward de Bono's Children Solve Problems,'' a collection of examples, is also discussed. (MS)

  9. SIRTF Cycle-1 Research Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soifer, B. T.; Bicay, M. D.

    2003-12-01

    The Space InfraRed Telescope Facility (SIRTF), the fourth and final element in NASA's family of Great Observatories, was successfully launched into an Earth-trailing heliocentric orbit on August 25, 2003. The SIRTF Science Center (SSC) at Caltech is now soliciting Cycle-1 research proposals from the worldwide scientific community. Proposals must be submitted electronically to the SSC by February 14, 2004. A preliminary version of the Cycle-1 Call for Proposals (CP) was issued by the SSC in November 2002. A CP Update and supporting technical documentation, which incorporates the on-orbit performance of the observatory, were released in December 2003. Investigations may be proposed for new SIRTF observations, through the General Observer (GO) program, or for archival research. About 3700 hours of observing time is being offered for the Cycle-1 GO Program, in small (less than 50 hours) and medium (50 to 200 hours) categories. More than \\15 million in NASA data analysis support is available to qualified GO investigators. For GO proposals, a detailed list of proposed observations, generated by the SIRTF Planning Observations Tool, must accompany the research proposal. The Archival Research (AR) Program in Cycle-1 is limited to the analysis of data from the First-Look Survey, a 100-hour program to be executed by the SSC at the start of the science mission. Up to \\750,000 in NASA data analysis support is available to qualified AR investigators. All documents supporting the Cycle-1 solicitation are available online in the Proposal Kit section of the SSC public Web site (http://sirtf.caltech.edu/SSC/). Questions pertaining to the Cycle-1 CP should be sent electronically to the SSC HelpDesk at sirtf@ipac.caltech.edu. SIRTF is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA.

  10. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) in development cooperation. A presentation of development challenges and research issues in developing countries and donor agencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristoffersen, Harald

    1997-12-31

    This document discusses some development challenges and research needs related to environmental impact assessment (EIA) in development cooperation. After a general introduction to basic principles of EIA, the document deals with some general conditions for EIA in developing countries and in donor agencies. Through a presentation of experiences with EIA from selected donor agencies (with emphasis on NORAD) the report ends up with focusing on some research issues that may come up with recommendations for improving EIA practices in developing countries and donor agencies. 37 refs., 6 figs., 3 refs.

  11. The Impact of and Lessons Learned from NITARP, the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebull, L. M.; Nitarp Team

    2014-07-01

    NITARP, the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program, gets teachers involved in authentic astronomical research. We partner small groups of educators with a professional astronomer mentor for a year-long original research project. The teams echo the entire research process, from writing a proposal, to doing the research, to presenting the results at an American Astronomical Society (AAS) meeting. The program runs from January through January. Applications are available annually in May and are due in September. The educators' experiences color their teaching for years to come, influencing hundreds of students per teacher. This program differs from other programs we know of that get real astronomy data into the classroom in three ways. First, each team works on an original, unique project. There are no canned labs here! Second, each team presents their results in posters in science sessions at an American Astronomical Society meeting alongside other researchers' work (participants are not given a “free pass” because they are educators or students). Third, the “product” is the scientific result, not any sort of curriculum packet. The teachers adapt their project and their experiences to fit in their classroom environment. NITARP changes the way teachers think about science and scientists. More information is available online at http://nitarp.ipac.caltech.edu/.

  12. "FACILS 2014: Microbially-driven facilitation systems in environmental biotechnology" (hereafter "FACILS") presented here by the European Commission (EC)-United States (US) Task Force on Biotechnology Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Methe, Barbara

    2016-02-03

    As we enter the 21st century, the sustainability of the biosphere is a global challenge that can best be met with a global response. This includes how we train and promote our next generation of research scientists in the emerging arenas of genome-enabled biology and a bio-based economy. It is this fundamental issue that formed the motivation for designing and conducting a shortcourse entitled “FACILIS 2014: Microbially-driven facilitation systems in environmental biotechnology” (hereafter “FACILIS”) presented here by the European Commission (EC)-United States (US) Task Force on Biotechnology Research. This WG was established in 1994 under the umbrella of the US-EC Task Force on Biotechnology Research, a transatlantic collaborative group overseen by the US Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and the EC. The Environmental Biotechnology Working Group maintains several goals, including establishing research links between scientists in EU countries and the US and fostering the careers of junior scientists from both sides of the Atlantic to the global nature of scientific cooperation. To that end, a shortcourse was held at the University of Milan in Italy on July 12-25 2014 organized around cross-cutting themes of genomic science and designed to attract a stellar group of interdisciplinary early carrier researchers. A total of 22 students, 10 from the US and 12 from the EU participated. The course provided them with hands-on experience with the latest scientific methods in genomics and bioinformatics; using a format that combines lectures, laboratory research and field work with the final goal to enable researchers to finally turn data into knowledge.

  13. Research on the Expression of Net Present Value in the Domestic Financial Management Textbooks%财务管理中净现值表达式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    揭志锋

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on the expression of net present value (NPV: Net Present Value) and itspremise, scope and deficiency discussed in the present domestic financial management textbooks. By using reference and combining domestic and foreign literatures research on the expression of net present value, the general expression of net present value is finally optimizedto improve people's understanding of it.%针对目前国内财务管理教材中净现值(NPV:Net Present Value)达式的现状.从理论角度出发,深入分析净现值不同表达式使用前提、适用范围及其存在的不足。在此基础上,借鉴并结合国内外文献对净现值表达式的研究,最终在理论上对净现值一般表达式进行完善,力求对净现值一般表达式有更深入的理解和把握。

  14. Caution and Warning Alarm Design and Evaluation for NASA CEV Auditory Displays: SHFE Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRPP) report 12.07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begault, Durand R.; Godfroy, Martine; Sandor, Aniko; Holden, Kritina

    2008-01-01

    The design of caution-warning signals for NASA s Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) and other future spacecraft will be based on both best practices based on current research and evaluation of current alarms. A design approach is presented based upon cross-disciplinary examination of psychoacoustic research, human factors experience, aerospace practices, and acoustical engineering requirements. A listening test with thirteen participants was performed involving ranking and grading of current and newly developed caution-warning stimuli under three conditions: (1) alarm levels adjusted for compliance with ISO 7731, "Danger signals for work places - Auditory Danger Signals", (2) alarm levels adjusted to an overall 15 dBA s/n ratio and (3) simulated codec low-pass filtering. Questionnaire data yielded useful insights regarding cognitive associations with the sounds.

  15. Present Status and Future Development of the Research on Liquid Metal Viscosity%液态金属粘滞性的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕; 耿浩然; 孙民华; 崔红卫

    2000-01-01

    粘滞性是金属熔体基本物理性能之一,是研究金属液态特性的重要途径,本文主要从研究金属熔体性质的角度,阐述了国内外金属熔体粘滞性的研究现状,分析了目前存在的问题,并对今后的研究和工作进行了展望。%Viscosity is an important sensitive physical property of the structure of liquid metals. It is one of the most important methods to research the structure of liquid metals. Present status of the viscosity research on liquid metals was reviewed from the point of view of property of liquid metals. The limitations and the future development potential were also discussed.

  16. September 2002 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R

    2002-09-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at NASA Ames Research Center on September 23, 2002. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss technical details on the experimental and computational work in progress and future project plans. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE)/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center (NASA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Freightliner, and Portland State University participated in the meeting. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items. The meeting began with an introduction by the Project Lead Rose McCallen of LLNL, where she emphasized that the world energy consumption is predicted to relatively soon exceed the available resources (i.e., fossil, hydro, non-breeder fission). This short fall is predicted to begin around the year 2050. Minimizing vehicle aerodynamic drag will significantly reduce our Nation's dependence on foreign oil resources and help with our world-wide fuel shortage. Rose also mentioned that educating the populace and researchers as to our world energy issues is important and that our upcoming United Engineering Foundation (UEF) Conference on ''The Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles: Trucks, Busses, and Trains'' was one way our DOE Consortium was doing this. Mentioned were the efforts of Fred Browand from USC in organizing and attracting internationally recognized speakers to the Conference. Rose followed with an overview of the DOE project goals, deliverables, and FY03 activities. The viewgraphs are attached at the end of this

  17. A Caltech MURI Center for Quantum Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    Boca, A. David Boozer, Joseph R. Buck, Chin-wen Chou, Kok Win Goh, Kovid Goyal, Laurence C. Gunn, Jim Harrington, Asa Hopkins, Ali Husain, Shwetank...that theorem is given in @19#. The momentum diffusion tensor Dp is given by Dp5 lim t→` ReE 0 ` dt^FW ~ t !FW ~ t2t!&2^FW ~ t !&^FW ~ t2t!&, ~17! and

  18. Present time

    CERN Document Server

    Romero, Gustavo E

    2014-01-01

    The idea of a moving present or `now' seems to form part of our most basic beliefs about reality. Such a present, however, is not reflected in any of our theories of the physical world. I show in this article that presentism, the doctrine that only what is present exists, is in conflict with modern relativistic cosmology and recent advances in neurosciences. I argue for a tenseless view of time, where what we call `the present' is just an emergent secondary quality arising from the interaction of perceiving self-conscious individuals with their environment. I maintain that there is no flow of time, but just an ordered system of events.

  19. Development Present Situation of Rana chensinensis and Its Research Progress%中国林蛙产品的开发现状与研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘仁杰; 孙旸; 王刚; 陈欢; 陈光

    2014-01-01

    中国林蛙具有很高的经济价值和药用价值。本文介绍了中国林蛙的种类、分布状况和林蛙产品研究进展及产品开发现状,同时探讨了我国林蛙产业现状及未来发展。%Rana chensinensis has a very high economic and medicinal value. Species of Rana chensinensis, its distribution, research progress and product development status were introduced, and Rana chensinensis industry present situation and prospects of development were discussed.

  20. Consumer attitudes and decision-making with regard to genetically engineered food products: A review of the literature and a presentation of models for future research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredahl, Lone; Grunert, Klaus G.; Frewer, Lynn

    1998-01-01

    to the technology call for the development of a theoretical basis for research into these issues. 2. The aim of the paper is to present three models which we have developed to explain consumer attitudes, buying behaviour and attitude change with regard to genetically engineered food products. All three models build...... of departure. In the model, behavioural intention covers both intentions to purchase and intentions to avoid a genetically engineered food product, and the model suggests perceived moral obligation, perceive difficulty and, through the attitude to behaviour factor, the person's attitude towards genetic...

  1. Consumer attitudes and decision-making with regard to genetically engineered food products: A review of the literature and a presentation of models for future research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredahl, Lone; Grunert, Klaus G.; Frewer, Lynn

    to the technology call for the development of a theoretical basis for research into these issues. 2. The aim of the paper is to present three models which we have developed to explain consumer attitudes, buying behaviour and attitude change with regard to genetically engineered food products. All three models build...... of departure. In the model, behavioural intention covers both intentions to purchase and intentions to avoid a genetically engineered food product, and the model suggests perceived moral obligation, perceive difficulty and, through the attitude to behaviour factor, the person's attitude towards genetic...

  2. Abstracts of Research Papers 1981. Presented at the Research Consortium Meetings at the Annual Meeting of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Boston, MA, April 13-17, 1981).

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD).

    This volume contains abstracts of 157 original research papers scheduled for presentation at the Boston, Massachusetts Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. The papers are grouped by the topic of each session, which included: tests and measurements; motor development; exercise physiology;…

  3. Quality of qualitative research in the health sciences: Analysis of the common criteria present in 58 assessment guidelines by expert users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago-Delefosse, M; Gavin, A; Bruchez, C; Roux, P; Stephen, S L

    2016-01-01

    The number of qualitative research methods has grown substantially over the last thirty years, both in social sciences and, more recently, in health sciences. This growth came with questions on the quality criteria needed to evaluate this work, and numerous guidelines were published. These guidelines, however, include many discrepancies, both in terms of vocabulary and structure. Many expert evaluators also decry the absence of consensual and reliable evaluation tools. To address this gap, we present the results of an evaluation of 58 existing guidelines in four major health science fields (medicine and epidemiology; nursing and health education; social sciences and public health; psychology/psychiatry, research methods and organization) by expert (n = 16) and peer (n = 40) users (e.g., article reviewers, experts allocating funds, editors). This research was conducted between 2011 and 2014 at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. Experts met during three workshops spread over this period. A series of 12 consensual essential criteria, along with definitions, stemmed from a question in a semi-qualitative evaluation questionnaire that we developed. Although there is consensus on the name of the criteria, we highlight limitations on the ability to compare specific definitions of criteria across health science fields. We conclude that each criterion must be explained to come to broader consensus and identify definitions that are easily operational and consensual to all fields examined.

  4. CATCHY PRESENTATIONS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kaare; Tollestrup, Christian; Ovesen, Nis

    2011-01-01

    An important competence for designers is the ability to communicate and present ideas and proposals for customers, partners, investors and colleagues. The Pecha Kucha principle, developed by Astrid Klein and Mark Dytham, has become a widely used and easy format for the presentation of new concepts...

  5. 中国老年聋的研究现状和对策%The Present Status of Research on Presbycusis and Intervention in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋涛; 凌邹

    2007-01-01

    Hearing loss associated with aging, also known as presbycusis, seriously affects the communicative abilities and compromises the life styles of the elderly people in China. Presbycusis and its consequences have caught the attention of the country today. Efforts have been made to help the elderly; however, lack of well documented demographic data on the prevalence of presbycusis has significantly hampered the efforts to establish infrastructures for effective aural rehabilitation and clinical management of the elderly people suffering from auditory deficits and other communicative difficulties.This paper intends to review the existed research articles, published in Chinese, on presbycusis and intervention, and to present our view of the present status of research in this direction. It should be noted that, there is considerable variability in the outcomes of the studies because of inadequate study designs and poor controls of all measurement parameters. Only a few studies were carried out to determine the prevalence of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) and other cognitive dysfunctions associated with elderly population in the country. The use of hearing aids is low among hearing impaired seniors. In the end, the authors will discuss the reasons that the present research on presbycusis is lagging behind and possible solutions that will be explained and shared.%老年聋严重影响老年人的语言交流和生活质量.在中国,老年聋及其后果已引起足够重视.虽然老年聋的预防和治疗的研究取得了不少进展,但是由于缺乏该病流行病学的人口统计学的系统研究,有关老年聋的有效治疗、听力的恢复和临床管理方面仍存在许多问题.本文根据国内已发表的论文,分析了中国老年聋的研究现状和对策,提出了老年聋的防治研究应重视听觉中枢处理过程障碍(central auditory processing disorder,CAPD)流行病学,老年聋和认知障碍的相关性研究.助听器

  6. 盆底功能障碍性疾病的基础研究现状%Basic research present situation of pelvic floor dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志红; 胡小玲

    2016-01-01

    Pelvic floor dysfunction is a kind of common gynecological diseases because of the pelvic floor support structure damage,defect and dysfunction,which is the result of joint action of many factors.In this paper,the basic research present situation of pelvic floor dysfunction is elaborated.%盆底功能障碍性疾病是由盆底支持结构损伤、缺陷与功能障碍造成的一种常见妇科疾病,系多种因素共同作用的结果。本文对盆底功能障碍性疾病的基础研究现状进行阐述。

  7. Present Research State of Cattle drinking water device%牛用饮水装置的研究现状浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚江涛; 蒙贺伟; 李亚萍; 李成松; 坎杂

    2015-01-01

    Drinking water is important for cows physical activity, reasonable drinking can not only improve performance, re-duce morbidity, but also save the cost of feeding cattle, increase economic benefits. This paper analyzes the present research state of cattle drinking water device and recommendations for further development of cattle drinking water device technolo-gy.%饮水对于奶牛的生理活动有着重要意义,合理的饮水不仅能够提高产奶性能、降低发病率,而且还能节省牛场饲养成本、增加牛场经济效益等.本文分析了现有的牛用饮水装置的研究现状,提出了牛用饮水装置技术的进一步发展的建议.

  8. Present and future research directions of detection of asbestos fibers%石棉纤维检测的现状与未来研究方向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐小茗; 高源; 李艳秋; 戚佳琳; 高玫; 蔡发

    2012-01-01

    石棉纤维耐温性能好,化学性质稳定,是一种优异的工业材料,因此被广泛应用于化工等诸多领域.但是,石棉纤维能够污染大气、食物和水体,如果被呼吸到人体内,还会危害人的健康.因此,调查和研究石棉纤维的检测方法是非常必要的.本文将对石棉纤维检测的现状和未来研究方向加以概述,并为建立快速有效的检测方法提供依据.%Asbestos fibers were widely used in chemical and many other fields as an excellent industrial material for its good temperature resistance and stable chemical properties. However, atmosphere, food and water body could be polluted by asbestos fibers; human health would be endangered by breathing into the human body. Therefore, Asbestos fiber detection methods that had been investigated and researched were necessary. Asbestos fibers present and future research directions were summarized and a basis of a rapid and effective detection method was provided in the article.

  9. Voting Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Lo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available During his time as a state senator in Illinois, Barack Obama voted “Present” 129 times, a deliberate act of nonvoting that subsequently became an important campaign issue during the 2008 presidential elections. In this article, I examine the use of Present votes in the Illinois state senate. I find evidence that Present votes can largely be characterized as protest votes used as a legislative tool by the minority party. Incorporating information from Present votes into a Bayesian polytomous item-response model, I find that this information increases the efficiency of ideal point estimates by approximately 35%. There is little evidence of significant moderation by Obama when Present votes are accounted for, though my results suggest that Obama’s voting record may have moderated significantly before his subsequent election to the U.S. Senate. My results also suggest that because legislative nonvoting may occur for a variety of reasons, naive inclusion of nonvoting behavior into vote choice models may lead to biased results.

  10. 民用飞机鸟撞研究现状%Investigation of the Present Status of Research on Bird Impacting on Commercial Airplanes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉龙; 石霄鹏

    2012-01-01

    Bird impact accidents pose one of the biggest risks to civil aviation, which consequently become one of the focuses of research. An investigation of the status of bird impacting on commercial airplanes is presented in this paper. The losses caused by bird impact accidents in recent years are enumerated and the regulations about bird impacting on commercial airplanes in different countries are reviewed. The three aspects of theoretical investigation,numerical simulation and experimental study for bird impact are introduced in detail and a number of designs of aeronautical structures against bird impact accidents in recent years are presented. Finally, prospects in future bird impact research are proposed.%鸟撞事故是近年来对民用航空威胁较大的事故之一,民用飞机鸟撞研究已经渐渐成为各国学者研究的新热点.本文详细介绍了民用飞机鸟撞研究的现状.总结了近年来鸟撞事故所造成的损失,列举了一些航空大国的航空管理部门针对鸟撞作出的适航管理规定.对于鸟撞问题的研究,从鸟撞过程的理论分析研究、数值模拟研究和试验研究3个方面进行了综述.对于近些年国内外的飞机抗鸟撞设计,主要包括新材料的运用以及新的结构形式的运用,进行了详细介绍.最后,对未来民用飞机抗鸟撞研究的发展作了展望.

  11. Perspectives on Past and Present Waste Disposal Practices: A Community-Based Participatory Research Project in Three Saskatchewan First Nations Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagozewski, Rebecca; Judd-Henrey, Ian; Nilson, Suzie; Bharadwaj, Lalita

    2011-01-01

    The impact of current and historical waste disposal practices on the environment and human health of Indigenous people in First Nations communities has yet to be adequately addressed. Solid waste disposal has been identified as a major environmental threat to First Nations Communities. A community-based participatory research project (CBPR) was initiated by the Saskatoon Tribal Council Health and Family Services Incorporated to investigate concerns related to waste disposal in three Saskatchewan First Nations Communities. Utilizing a qualitative approach, we aimed to gain an understanding of past and present waste disposal practices and to identify any human and environmental health concerns related to these practices. One to one interviews and sharing circles were conducted with Elders. Elders were asked to share their perspectives on past and present waste disposal practices and to comment on the possible impacts these practices may have on the environment and community health. Historically waste disposal practices were similar among communities. The homeowner generated small volumes of waste, was exclusively responsible for disposal and utilized a backyard pit. Overtime waste disposal evolved to weekly pick-up of un-segregated garbage with waste disposal and open trash burning in a community dump site. Dump site locations and open trash burning were identified as significant health issues related to waste disposal practices in these communities. This research raises issues of inequity in the management of waste in First Nations Communities. It highlights the need for long-term sustainable funding to support community-based waste disposal and management strategies and the development of First Nations centered and delivered educational programs to encourage the adoption and implementation of waste reduction, reutilization and recycling activities in these communities. PMID:21573032

  12. Technical presentation

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    10 March 2010 DYNEOS 10:00 – 12:00 - Main Building, Room B, 61-1-009 Dyneos AG is active in the fields of photonics, laser and high-precision positioning. Our highly qualified engineer team has more than 30 years of experience in electro-optical solutions sales. The engineers are supported by a technical and administrative team. We are focused on the Swiss market and represent six suppliers (Coherent, PI Physik Instrumente, SIOS, Nanonics Imaging, APE, Ekspla) in order to give a qualified sales and service support to our customers. Our products are dedicated to the research field as well as to industry. In addition to standard catalog products, we offer custom designs to fulfill the specific needs of OEM customers or specific applications.

  13. Technical presentation

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    RADIOSPARES, the leading catalogue distributor of components (electronic, electrical, automation, etc.) and industrial supplies will be at CERN on Friday 3 October 2008 (Main Building, Room B, from 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.) to introduce its new 2008/2009 catalogue. This will be the opportunity for us to present our complete range of products in more detail: 400 000 part numbers available on our web site (Radiospares France, RS International, extended range of components from other manufacturers); our new services: quotations, search for products not included in the catalogue, SBP products (Small Batch Production: packaging in quantities adapted to customers’ requirements); partnership with our focus manufacturers; demonstration of the on-line purchasing tool implemented on our web site in conjunction with CERN. RADIOSPARES will be accompanied by representatives of FLUKE and TYCO ELECTRONICS, who will make presentations, demonstrate materials and answer any technical questio...

  14. Overview Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lytle, John

    2001-01-01

    This report provides an overview presentation of the 2000 NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) Review and Planning Meeting. Topics include: 1) a background of the program; 2) 1999 Industry Feedback; 3) FY00 Status, including resource distribution and major accomplishments; 4) FY01 Major Milestones; and 5) Future direction for the program. Specifically, simulation environment/production software and NPSS CORBA Security Development are discussed.

  15. [Literature review and presentation of our own research results regarding the effects on bone of tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib and nilotinib used in the treatment of oncohematological diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner, Gyöngyi; Balla, Bernadett; Kósa, János; Horváth, Péter; Kövesdi, Andrea; Lakatos, Gergely; Takács, István; Nagy, Zsolt; Tóbiás, Bálint; Árvai, Kristóf; Lakatos, Péter

    2016-09-01

    Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are widely used for treatment of certain oncohematological diseases. Several clinical studies have confirmed that specific BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors alter the physiological process of bone tissue in a complex and unclearly identified manner. Since these treatments are being given to more and more patients, and the therapy takes decades or lasts even lifelong, it is justifiable to obtain more detailed knowledge of the molecular background of these mechanisms. In this article the authors summarize preliminary research results and human clinical observations on imatinib and nilotinib which are related to bone metabolism, and present the results of their own experiments in in vitro osteoblast cultures. Based on the presented results, the effects of imatinib and nilotinib on bone cells depend on the concentration of imatinib and nilotinib, the maturation stage of the cells and the distribution ratio of receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways. In this study the authors firstly prepared a stop-gap, comprehensive review in the Hungarian literature, regarding the effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on bone metabolism. In addition they firstly performed whole transcriptome analysis on osteoblasts in order to obtain a better understanding of the cellular molecular mechanisms. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(36), 1429-1437.

  16. Technical presentation

    CERN Multimedia

    FP Department

    2009-01-01

    07 April 2009 Technical presentation by Leuze Electronics: 14.00 – 15.00, Main Building, Room 61-1-017 (Room A) Photoelectric sensors, data identification and transmission systems, image processing systems. We at Leuze Electronics are "the sensor people": we have been specialising in optoelectronic sensors and safety technology for accident prevention for over 40 years. Our dedicated staff are all highly customer oriented. Customers of Leuze Electronics can always rely on one thing – on us! •\tFounded in 1963 •\t740 employees •\t115 MEUR turnover •\t20 subsidiaries •\t3 production facilities in southern Germany Product groups: •\tPhotoelectric sensors •\tIdentification and measurements •\tSafety devices

  17. 赤泥在水处理中的应用与研究现状%Research and Application of Present Situation of Red Mud in Water Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晖; 马名杰

    2011-01-01

    Red mud is by - product of alumina industrial production, its chemical composition is very complicated, it belongs to a strong alkaline residue. The long - term accumulation of red mud will lead to soil alkalization and groundwater being polluted, which brings heavy burden to the environment. In this paper, the composition and properties of red mud are introduced briefly, the research and application present situation of red mud in water treatment is introduced, and its existing problem and the future development direction are pointed out.%赤泥是氧化铝工业生产的副产物,其化学成分极其复杂,属强碱性废渣。赤泥长期堆积存放将导致土壤碱化甚至污染地下水,给环境带来沉重的负担。本文简单概述了赤泥的成分与性质,介绍了赤泥在水处理领域中的应用与研究现状,指出了其存在的问题和今后的发展方向。

  18. Present Situation on Research and Applications of the Silver Alloys for Jewelry%饰用银合金的开发及应用现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薄海瑞; 袁军平; 周永恒

    2011-01-01

    The causes of the tarnishing of silver alloys for jewelry were simply analyzed, among which the sulfidation of silver and the oxidation fire scale of copper were considered as the main causes. Meanwhile, the paper introduced the present research situation of several categories of anti-tarnishing silver alloys, including precious metals alloying, rare earth alloying and other active elements alloying. And the main problems encountered by jewelry enterprises in the application of typical anti-tarnishing silver alloys, such as insufficient discoloration resisting property, inadequate hardness, casting flaws and polishing defects were discussed. And the performance assessment methods of anti-tarnishing silver alloys for jewelry were suggested at the end.%简要分析了饰用银合金变色的原因,指出银的硫化和铜的氧化红斑是导致银合金变色的主要原因;介绍了贵金属类、稀土类、其它氧活性元素类合金化抗变色银合金的研究概况,探讨了当前首饰企业在使用杭变色银合金中存在的杭变色性能不足、硬度偏低、铸造缺陷、抛光缺陷等问题,并提出了饰用银合金的性能评价方法.

  19. 虚拟人情绪模型研究的现状和问题%The present situation and problems with research of a virtual human' s emotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘箴; 柴艳杰

    2012-01-01

    Emotion experience can effectively enhance the interest of users for virtual reality; emotion design for a virtual human is becoming a core technology in building a virtual environment, although the current emotion model of virtual humans is still in a preliminary stage. The previous research on emotion models was reviewed in this paper, and some unsettled problems of the emotion model were discussed. Based on the relative research on emotion models and the achievements of cognitive science, a new idea of building an emotion model was presented for the purpose of improving the efficiency of emotion design for a virtual human. A virtual human's emotion state can be controlled by an emotion model, which has perception, motivation, emotion, and personality while showing appropriate autonomous emotions in a virtual environment. Emotion design software can integrate the soft-computing theory and human-computer interaction technology, providing an efficient tool for the establishment of human-oriented graphics interfaces.%情绪体验能够有效地提高虚拟现实系统用户的兴趣,虚拟人的情绪设计正成为构建虚拟环境的一项核心技术,目前的虚拟人情绪模型仍然处于初级阶段.综述了情绪模型的研究,讨论了情绪模型尚未解决的问题.根据情绪模型相关研究和认知科学的成果,提出了建立虚拟人情绪模型的一种新思,其目标是提高虚拟人情绪设计的效率,虚拟人的情绪状态通过情绪模型来控制,虚拟人可以具有感知、动机、情绪、个性,并可在虚拟环境中表现出恰当的自主情绪.情绪设计软件可以融合软计算理论和人机交互技术,为建立人性化的图形界面提供一种高效工具.

  20. Risk factors and outcomes for late presentation for HIV-positive persons in Europe: results from the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe Study (COHERE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Mocroft

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Few studies have monitored late presentation (LP of HIV infection over the European continent, including Eastern Europe. Study objectives were to explore the impact of LP on AIDS and mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: LP was defined in Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE as HIV diagnosis with a CD4 count <350/mm(3 or an AIDS diagnosis within 6 months of HIV diagnosis among persons presenting for care between 1 January 2000 and 30 June 2011. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with LP and Poisson regression to explore the impact on AIDS/death. 84,524 individuals from 23 cohorts in 35 countries contributed data; 45,488 were LP (53.8%. LP was highest in heterosexual males (66.1%, Southern European countries (57.0%, and persons originating from Africa (65.1%. LP decreased from 57.3% in 2000 to 51.7% in 2010/2011 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.96; 95% CI 0.95-0.97. LP decreased over time in both Central and Northern Europe among homosexual men, and male and female heterosexuals, but increased over time for female heterosexuals and male intravenous drug users (IDUs from Southern Europe and in male and female IDUs from Eastern Europe. 8,187 AIDS/deaths occurred during 327,003 person-years of follow-up. In the first year after HIV diagnosis, LP was associated with over a 13-fold increased incidence of AIDS/death in Southern Europe (adjusted incidence rate ratio [aIRR] 13.02; 95% CI 8.19-20.70 and over a 6-fold increased rate in Eastern Europe (aIRR 6.64; 95% CI 3.55-12.43. CONCLUSIONS: LP has decreased over time across Europe, but remains a significant issue in the region in all HIV exposure groups. LP increased in male IDUs and female heterosexuals from Southern Europe and IDUs in Eastern Europe. LP was associated with an increased rate of AIDS/deaths, particularly in the first year after HIV diagnosis, with significant variation across Europe. Earlier and more widespread testing

  1. Fostering oral presentation performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ginkel, van Stan; Gulikers, Judith; Biemans, Harm; Mulder, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Previous research revealed significant differences in the effectiveness of various feedback sources for encouraging students’ oral presentation performance. While former studies emphasised the superiority of teacher feedback, it remains unclear whether the quality of feedback actually differs bet

  2. 中国自然保护区研究的现状与展望%Present conditions and prospects of the researches on nature reserves in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑朝贵; 朱诚

    2004-01-01

    The construction of nature reserves in China is reviewed in this paper,mainly including the number,type,administration and distribution of nature reserves,the progress in research on biodiversity,evaluation,management,sustainable development of nature reserves in China is summarized briefly,and some development tendencies of research on nature reserves are put forward.

  3. The Persistence of Presentism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    Background/Context: This study draws on the voluminous research on teachers' workplace orientations and especially on Dan Lortie's documentation of conservatism, individualism, and presentism among teachers. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This study investigated a school reform network of over 300 secondary schools entitled…

  4. Researching research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2012-01-01

    We discuss contemporary theories in mathematics education in order to do research on research. Our strategy consists of analysing discursively and ideologically recent key publications addressing the role of theory in mathematics education research. We examine how the field fabricates its object...... of research by deploying Foucault’s notion of bio-politics - mainly to address the object “learning” - and Žižek’s ideology critique - to address the object “mathematics”. These theories, which have already been used in the field to research teaching and learning, have a great potential to contribute...... to a reflexivity of research on its discourses and effects. Furthermore, they enable us to present a clear distinction between what has been called the sociopolitical turn in mathematics education research and what we call a positioning of mathematics education (research) practices in the Political....

  5. Summary of research conducted by the University of Missouri Gaylord Labs on the Monte Vista/Alamosa National Wildlife Refuges : Fall of 1996 through present.

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This summary of research is in response to a lawsuit levied against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by non-governmental organizations, a study was initiated by...

  6. Towards a transnational system of supersites for forest monitoring and research in Europe - an overview on present state and future recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, R.; Aas, W.; De Vries, W.;

    2011-01-01

    in October 2010 in Rome, reveal valuable results from different European forest monitoring and research networks. However, the need for closer integration of these activities is obvious. In this paper, representatives from major European networks recommend a new approach for forest monitoring and research...... in Europe, based on a reasonable number of highly instrumented “supersites” and a larger number of intensive monitoring plots linked to these. This system needs to be built on existing infrastructures but requires increased coordination, harmonisation and a joint long term platform for data exchange...

  7. NITARP: Measuring The Effectiveness of an Authentic Research Experience in Secondary Astronomy Education Through Concept Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeb, Elin; Rebull, Luisa M.; Black, David V.; Gibbs, John; Larsen, Estefania

    2015-01-01

    For secondary students to make use of astronomical data in a school setting, they previously needed access to large telescopes, expensive equipment and difficult-to-use software. This has improved as online data archives have become available; however, difficulties remain, including searching and downloading the data and translating it into formats that high school students can readily analyze. To address these issues, the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program (NITARP) selects teams consisting of teachers and students from several schools. Each year, new teams of educators attend an introductory workshop at the winter AAS conference where they select a research project that will use the archived data. Throughout the spring, educators engage in weekly teleconferences, write proposals, and begin working with their students. The teams meet at Caltech in the summer to learn how to access and analyze the IPAC data and continue to work throughout the fall. Through this experience, participants learn how to search, download, translate, and analyze authentic astronomical data. They learn the nature of scientific communication through developing and presenting their findings alongside practicing astronomers at the following winter AAS. In order to measure how successful the 2014 NITARP summer visit was in teaching participating high school students the terminology and processes necessary to analyze IPAC data, students were asked to create concept maps showing the main and subsidiary ideas and concepts related to their research. They then synthesized their group webs into a master web. When additional terms and concepts were presented, the students were able to integrate them into the master web, showing that they understood the relationship of ideas, concepts, and processes needed for their research. Our companion poster, Gibbs et al., presents the scientific aspects of this project. This research was made possible through the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program

  8. Competing in the Chinese Instant Noodle Market–A market research on the “Present Wheater”brand of the Hualong Group Co., Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Shizhou, Yanni; Gu, Shishang

    2005-01-01

    The thesis mainly discusses in two aspects. The first aspect is how the customers think of the “Present Wheater” of the Hualong Group and what the position of the “Present Wheater” is in the Chinese instant noodle market. We tried to find those points not only from consumers’cognition, attitude and behavior to the “Present Wheater”, but also from the management level of the Hualong Group.The second part is what we can do to improve the current marketing strategy of the “Present Wheater” and h...

  9. Using Nikola Tesla's Story and His Experiments as Presented in the Film "The Prestige" to Promote Scientific Inquiry: A Report of an Action Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Garganourakis, Vassilios

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on an action research project undertaken with the primary aim of investigating the extent to which situations that evoke a sense of wonder can promote scientific inquiry. Given the intense interest, curiosity, and wonder that some students had begun to develop after seeing the film "The Prestige", a science teacher used this…

  10. Using Nikola Tesla's Story and His Experiments as Presented in the Film "The Prestige" to Promote Scientific Inquiry: A Report of an Action Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Garganourakis, Vassilios

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on an action research project undertaken with the primary aim of investigating the extent to which situations that evoke a sense of wonder can promote scientific inquiry. Given the intense interest, curiosity, and wonder that some students had begun to develop after seeing the film "The Prestige", a science teacher…

  11. Achieving the "triple aim" for inborn errors of metabolism: a review of challenges to outcomes research and presentation of a new practice-based evidence framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Beth K; Chakraborty, Pranesh; Kronick, Jonathan B; Wilson, Kumanan; Coyle, Doug; Feigenbaum, Annette; Geraghty, Michael T; Karaceper, Maria D; Little, Julian; Mhanni, Aizeddin; Mitchell, John J; Siriwardena, Komudi; Wilson, Brenda J; Syrowatka, Ania

    2013-06-01

    Across all areas of health care, decision makers are in pursuit of what Berwick and colleagues have called the "triple aim": improving patient experiences with care, improving health outcomes, and managing health system impacts. This is challenging in a rare disease context, as exemplified by inborn errors of metabolism. There is a need for evaluative outcomes research to support effective and appropriate care for inborn errors of metabolism. We suggest that such research should consider interventions at both the level of the health system (e.g., early detection through newborn screening, programs to provide access to treatments) and the level of individual patient care (e.g., orphan drugs, medical foods). We have developed a practice-based evidence framework to guide outcomes research for inborn errors of metabolism. Focusing on outcomes across the triple aim, this framework integrates three priority themes: tailoring care in the context of clinical heterogeneity; a shift from "urgent care" to "opportunity for improvement"; and the need to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of emerging and established therapies. Guided by the framework, a new Canadian research network has been established to generate knowledge that will inform the design and delivery of health services for patients with inborn errors of metabolism and other rare diseases.

  12. The Major Trends of Research on Physical Activity in Japan Viewed From the Reports Presented at the JSPE Annual Conventions During Past 25 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meshizuka, Tetsuo

    1978-01-01

    The major research trends over the past 25 years in Japanese physical education are analyzed using oral reports of the Japanese Society of Physical Education. Topics for analysis include: philosophy, sociology, history, administration, psychology, growth and development, health education, teaching methodology, biomechanics, measurement and…

  13. Psychological aspects of driver behaviour : papers presented at the international symposium on psychological aspects of driver behaviour, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, August 2-6, 1971. Volume 1: Driver behaviour. Volume 2: Applied research.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    1971-01-01

    The object of the symposium was to improve the communication between the field af driving task research, bomen performance theory and research applied to the design of vehicle and road and to driver education. For abstracts of the papers presented at the conference see B 864 - B 913 (IRRD 205245 to

  14. Analyzing in the Present

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Revsbæk, Line; Pedersen, Lene Tanggaard

    2015-01-01

    The article presents a notion of “analyzing in the present” as a source of inspiration in analyzing qualitative research materials. The term emerged from extensive listening to interview recordings during everyday commuting to university campus. Paying attention to the way different parts...... of various interviews conveyed diverse significance to the listening researcher at different times became a method of continuously opening up the empirical material in a reflexive, breakdown-oriented process of analysis. We argue that situating analysis in the present of analyzing emphasizes and acknowledges...... the interdependency between researcher and researched. On this basis, we advocate an explicit “open-state-of mind” listening as a key aspect of analyzing qualitative material, often described only as a matter of reading transcribed empirical materials, reading theory, and writing. The article contributes...

  15. Design of an Experiment to Investigate ISR Coordination and Information Presentation Strategies in an Expeditionary Strike Group: Combined A2C2 and CMD-21 Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) and Maritime Security Operations (MSO). INTRODUCTION A scientific challenge faced by the C2 research community...within the military (Moore, Schermerhorn , Oonk, and Morrison, 2003; Oonk, Smallman, and Moore, 2001, Oonk, Moore, and Morrison, 2004). The A2C2...this tremendous increase in information is often an impairment to decisionmakers. New forms of information management are required that will

  16. 中国生物微量元素研究的现状与展望%Trace element research in China: Present and future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王福俤

    2012-01-01

    微量元素包括铁、锌、铜、锰、硒、碘等,在机体生命活动中发挥着极其重要的生理学功能,参与蛋白质结构,并通过与蛋白质和其他有机基团结合参与酶、激素和维生素等生物大分子合成.微量元素代谢失衡会发生系列病理改变并最终导致疾病.生物微量元素研究是多学科交叉的科学研究领域,业已成为生命科学的国际研究热点.该领域发展对人类生存与健康具有重要意义.经过几代科学家的不懈努力,我国的生物微量元素研究已经从无到有,逐步取得令国际同行瞩目的科研成果,尤其近年来,我国该领域基础研究快速发展,更是相继产生了诸多高水平原创性科研成果.这种迅速发展与壮大,得益于大批海外归国优秀人才,更离不开国家和社会在科研经费和政策等方面的大力支持.简介了近年来我国生物微量元素研究领域的科学家及其主要科研成果,期望广大读者能全面了解国内生物微量元素研究现状以及可喜的发展趋势.衷心期待着中国的生物微量元素研究能有更大发展,能有更大成就.%Trace elements have a number of important physiological functions including roles in the elaboration of protein structure and in the synthesis of biological macromolecules such as enzymes, hormones, and vitamins, where they are bound to certain proteins and other organic precursors. Trace element research is an interdisciplinary area of scientific research with great importance for human survival and health. China has an historic record of developing researchers, with varied professional backgrounds, many of whom have made fundamental contributions to the field. In recent years, the pace of these contributions has accelerated, with more and more outstanding overseas researchers returning to work in China. Many excellent, original research projects have been conducted. We are proud to report the results of some of them here. The

  17. The Present Situation and Prospect of Bryophyte Research in Xinjiang%新疆苔藓植物的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张元明; 曹同; 潘伯荣

    2001-01-01

    新疆苔藓植物系统、全面的研究起步较晚。到目前为止,主要研究仅限于苔藓植物区系、形态解剖学的研究,同国内其它地区的苔藓植物区系研究尚有较大的差距。目前已记录的新疆苔藓植物有55科、163属、419种,而且昆仑山和阿尔泰山的区系研究还有待于进一步深入。尤其是在新疆苔藓植物生态学和多样性方面的研究仍处于空白状态。本文介绍了新疆苔藓植物研究的现状、存在的问题及对今后研究工作的展望。%The study of bryophyte in Xinjiang has become relatively lat e. The main research work only focus on bryophyte flora and morphological observ ation so far, and falls behind those reaserch work in some other provinces in Ch ina. The bryoflora in Xinjiang consists of 419 species belonging to 163 genera o f 55 families, while the bryoflora of Altai Mountains and Kunlun Mountains still need more investigations. Especially, the research of bryophyte ecology and bio diversity are still in blank field. This paper mainly deals with the prese nt situation, problems and prospect of bryophyte research in Xinjiang.

  18. Jorge A. Swieca's contributions to quantum field theory in the 60s and 70s and their relevance in present research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroer, Bert [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Freie Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik

    2010-02-15

    After revisiting some high points of particle physics and QFT of the two decades from 1960 to 1980, I comment on the work by Jorge Andre Swieca. I explain how it fits into the quantum field theory during these two decades and draw attention to its relevance to the ongoing particle physics research. A particular aim of this article is to draw attention to the relevance of what at the time of Swieca was called 'the Schwinger Higgs screening mechanism'. which, together with recent ideas which generalize the concept of gauge theories, have all the ingredients to revolutionize the issue of gauge theories and the standard model. (author)

  19. The research of the contamination levels present in samples of precipitation and surface waters collected from the catchment area Fuglebekken (Hornsund, Svalbard Archipelago)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruman, Marek; Szopińska, Małgorzata; Kozak, Katarzyna; Lehmann, Sara; Polkowska, Żaneta

    2014-10-01

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are contaminants that may appear in polar regions. In present work surface water was collected from the main stream water in the Fuglebekken basin. The precipitationsamples was collected from the near area by Polish Polar Station in Hornsund. The present investigationreveals the results of the analysis of these samples for their total phenols, formaldehyde, TOC, PAHs and PCBs content. The presence in the basin (thousands of kilometers distant from industrial centers) of those compounds is testimony to the fact that these compounds are transported over vast distances with air masses and deposited in regions devoid of any human impact.

  20. 我国体育用品产业发展现状及对策研究%Our Sports Industry Development Present Situation and Countermeasure Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安伊凡

    2014-01-01

    This paper researches the current situation of the development of sports goods industry in our country to fur-ther promote the development of the sports goods industry and speed up the construction of the sports industry in China, and the literature material law, comparative research and the social survey method etc. are used. On this basis, this pa-per points out the current problems existing in the sports goods industry in China in order to propose some countermea-sures, including expanding the scale of enterprise, building well-known brands, and increasing the investment in sci-ence and technology of the products and so on.%为了进一步推动我国体育用品业的发展,加快我国体育产业的建设,本文通过文献资料法、比较研究法、社会调查法等研究方法对我国体育用品产业发展的现状进行研究。在此基础上,指出当前我国体育用品产业存在的问题,以此,提出了扩大企业规模、打造知名品牌、加大产品的科技投入等对策。

  1. 论旅游英语翻译研究的现状与未来发展%Present Research and Tendency of Tourism English Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海燕

    2012-01-01

    In the nearly past ten years,tourism English translation in China has been on the way to increasing development year by year.But currently the number of papers in this research field is very limited with only 1.16% of the total number of the translation area.So deep research in the tourism English translation can theoretically give guidance for tourism translation practice,and is destined to wield great influence on publicity and development of tourism.%近十年来,我国有关旅游英语翻译的研究呈现出逐年增长的趋势。然而目前,旅游翻译领域的论文数量很有限,只占翻译研究领域的1.16%。对这一领域进行深入研究可以从理论上更好地指导旅游翻译实践,必将对旅游业的宣传和发展产生深远影响。

  2. 螺旋管换热技术的研究现状综述%Present Situation of the Technical Research on Spiral Tube

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小艳; 姜芳芳

    2014-01-01

    The Spiral-tube heat exchanger is widely used in refrigeration and air conditioning, heat pump, chemical engineering and many other fields. This article researches the flow characteristics of the fluid in the spiral tube, the heat transfer of the fluid and its heat transfer enhancement and flow resistance, the new type heat exchangers and the heat transfer of the external medium. The article provides a reference to the issues related to the research of thespiral-tube heat exchanger.%螺旋管换热器在制冷空调、热泵、化工等许多领域内得到了广泛应用。对螺旋管内换热流体的流动特性,螺旋管内流体的传热及其强化技术与流阻特性,新型螺旋管换热器以及螺旋管外部介质的传热特性等方面的研究现状进行了分析,为螺旋管换热器的相关问题研究提供了参考。

  3. Emergence of Unreported Stimuli into Imagery as a Function of Laterality of Presentation: A Replication and Extension of Research by Henley & Dixon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mykel, Nan; Daves, Walter F.

    1979-01-01

    Right-handed subjects listened to music with one ear and received subliminal words in the other. The words emerged in subjects' reported imagery of the music more when the words were presented to the right ear (left brain hemisphere). A second experiment eliminated the music. (SJL)

  4. Presenting New Grammar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Cai-ling; WANG Xi

    2015-01-01

    More and more researchers have now agreed upon the necessity of teaching grammar, but it still remains controversial as how to teach the forms, with the central consideration of not to harm the meaning-focused communicative teaching method. In this essay, one of the issues in grammar teaching will be discussed as how to present new grammar to learners, through evaluating and modifying a particular presentation activity in a grammar-teaching textbook.

  5. Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desmond, M.

    2014-08-01

    As an invited guest speaker, Michael Desmond presented on NREL's NWTC structural testing methods and capabilities at the 2014 Sandia Blade Workshop held on August 26-28, 2014 in Albuquerque, NM. Although dynamometer and field testing capabilities were mentioned, the presentation focused primarily on wind turbine blade testing, including descriptions and capabilities for accredited certification testing, historical methodology and technology deployment, and current research and development activities.

  6. Conceptual tools to research ‘global’ adult education policy. Paper presented at the CIES Western Conference, Tempe, Arizona (USA), 25-27 October

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2012-01-01

    This paper outlines some theoretical and methodological parameters to study ‘global’ adult education policy by discussing public policy making, the changing nature of the (nation-)state and its authority, global governance, and policy as a practice of power. The rest of the paper is structured...... by looking at the movement ‘from government to governance’, and it contends that governing is increasingly a matter of negotiated decision-making among actors, inclduing the state, using norms and ideas as tools of power and authority. Section four discusses sociological and anthropological perspectives...... to global, rather than national, policy, to investigate power relations and governance in education via the links between agents, institutions, discourses and material practices. Finally, section five draws some theoretical and methodological implications for researching ‘global’ adult education policy....

  7. 云南省核桃资源现状及研究进展%Present situation and research progress of Walnut resources in Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马婷; 郎南军; 杨素琼; 贺娜; 肖良俊

    2012-01-01

    Through the research of Walnut Resources situation in Yunnan Province , this article summarized the current walnut varieties in Yunnan, including traditional fine walnut, new hybrid varieties and Carya illinoensis introduced in recent years, and understood the current walnut cultivation technology in Yunnan province, while The existing problems and development strategy are described in detail.%文章通过对云南省核桃资源现状的研究,总结了目前云南主要的核桃品种,包括传统优良核桃,杂交新品种和近几年引进的美国山核桃,并简单了解当前云南省核桃栽培技术,同时对存在的问题以及发展策略做了阐述。

  8. 工业工程现状及未来发展研究%Research on Present Situation and Future Development of Industrial Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨英慧

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of current situation of China's Industrial Engineering development, the author puts forward the content of modem IE, and makes the prospects of its development direction. The author believes that we should carry on in-depth research with the field of sustainable development, so as to provide more effective support for sustainable development of IE.%在对我国工业工程发展现状分析的基础上,笔者提出了现代化工业工程的内容,并对工业工程未来的发展方向做出展望.为现代工业工程的可持续发展提供更有力的支持,需伴随着其在可持续领域的深入研究.

  9. Creating Meaningful Multimedia Presentations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hardman, L.; Ossenbruggen, J.R. van

    2006-01-01

    Finding relevant information is one step in the chain of understanding information. Presenting material to a user in a suitable way is a further step. Our research focuses on using semantic annotations of multimedia elements to increase the ”presentability” of retrieved info

  10. Thinking and research on self present theory%对自我呈现理论的思考和研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓蓓; 张晨轩

    2015-01-01

    自我呈现理论最早是由美国著名的社会学家戈夫曼提出,指的是藉由调整自己的行为给他人创造某个特殊印象的过程。在日常生活中,自我呈现也是一个常见的现象,个人良好的自我呈现不但有利于自身得到更好的发展,也有利于构建和谐社会伟大目标的实现。本文着重探讨了自我呈现的内涵和机制,动机和过程以及常见策略等,以期为个人实现良性的自我呈现提供一些参考和建议。%The present theory was first put forward by American famous sociologist Goffman, by adjusting their behavior refers to the process of creating a particular impression to others. In daily life, render itself is also a common phenomenon, personal good render themselves not only promotes the development of their own better, and conducive to the realization of great goal to build a harmonious society. This paper discusses the self presents the connotation and mechanism of motivation and process and common strategy, etc., so as to provide some references for individuals to realize benign self present and Suggestions.

  11. 河北省苔藓植物研究现状与展望%The Present Situation and Prospect of Bryophyte Research in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 王立宝; 王晓蕊; 赵建成

    2012-01-01

    在简要回顾河北省苔藓植物研究历史的基础上,重点介绍了河北省苔藓植物的研究现状,并指出了研究中存在的不足,为进一步的研究工作提出了建设性意见.%Based on the history of bryophyte study in Hebei province, the present situation was introduced in detail and the insufficiency was also pointed out.The prospect was put forward.

  12. The incidence of gastroenteritis diagnosis among sick dogs presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital correlated with meteorological data : research communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Shakespeare

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available The number of sick dogs diagnosed with and without gastroenteritis presented to the Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital situated north of Pretoria is reported from counts extracted from the records of the Outpatients clinic for 6 years, 1988 to 1993. The average percentage of sick dogs diagnosed with gastroenteritis was 11.51 % and the average percentage of sick dogs that were admitted to the parvovirus isolation hospital ward was 2.8 %. A strong correlation exists between the number of dogs admitted to the parvovirus ward and average monthly wind speed and inverse humidity values.

  13. Almanac 2012, cell therapy in cardiovascular disease: The national society journals present selected research that has driven recent advances in clinical cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel A. Jones

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The rapid translation from bench to bedside that has been seen in the application of regenerative medicine to cardiology has led to exciting new advances in our understanding of some of the fundamental mechanisms related to human biology. The first generation of cells used in phase I–II trials (mainly bone marrow mononuclear cells are now entering phase III clinical trials with the goal of producing a cell based therapeutics that can change the outcome of cardiac disease. First generation cell therapy appears to have addressed safety concerns as well as showing ‘activity’ in numerous published meta-analyses. With the knowledge gained to date, the field is moving towards the next generation of cells—the ‘engineered’ cell—that has been developed to display a phenotype that will further enhance the myocardial repair/salvage process. This almanac review covers the latest basic research that may soon have application to humans as well as the results of the latest clinical trials.

  14. Impact of severe ADAMTS13 deficiency on clinical presentation and outcomes in patients with thrombotic microangiopathies: the experience of the Harvard TMA Research Collaborative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendapudi, Pavan K; Li, Ang; Hamdan, Ayad; Uhl, Lynne; Kaufman, Richard; Stowell, Christopher; Dzik, Walter; Makar, Robert S

    2015-12-01

    The Harvard TMA Research Collaborative is a multi-institutional registry-based effort to study thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA). Laboratory and clinical parameters were recorded for 254 cases of suspected autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (activity ≤10%, N = 68) were more likely to be young, female and without a history of cancer treatment or transplantation. While all patients with severe deficiency were diagnosed with autoimmune TTP, those without severe deficiency frequently had disseminated intravascular coagulation, drug-associated TMA and transplant-related TMA. Patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency had superior overall survival at 360 d compared to those without severe deficiency (93·0% vs. 47·5%, P 10% varied significantly across the institutions in our consortium (13·2-63·8%, P 10% between the three hospitals (P = 0·98). Our data show that patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency represent a clinically distinct cohort that responds well to TPE. In contrast, TMA without severe ADAMTS13 deficiency is associated with increased mortality that may not be influenced by TPE.

  15. Present situation in research on nitrogen alloying hardfacing alloy%氮合金化耐磨堆焊的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘跃; 张国赏; 魏世忠

    2012-01-01

    The change of nitrogen content of welding process, the precipitated behavior, morphology and the role of carbonitride of surfacing layer were summarized. Strengthening mechanism of nitrogen alloying hardfacing alloy was also discussed. The hardness of high temperature wear-resistance, tarnish resistance and tensile strength of the nitrogen alloying hardfacing alloy were analyzed. Nitrogen alloying hardfacing alloy had a good application prospect, and were becoming one of the most important aspects in current researches.%概述氮合金化堆焊材料在焊接过程中氮含量变化,堆焊层中碳氮化物的析出行为、形态及作用,介绍了氮合金堆焊层强化机理,分析了氮对堆焊层的硬度、高温耐磨性、耐蚀性、抗拉强度等性能的影响.指出氮合金化堆焊合金是当前研究的重要方向之一,氮合金化堆焊材料具有广阔的发展前景.

  16. Discrepancies between Abstracts Presented at International Association for Dental Research Annual Sessions from 2004 to 2005 and Full-Text Publication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soni Prasad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the discrepancies between abstracts presented at the IADR meeting (2004-2005 and their full-text publication. Material and Methods. Abstracts from the Prosthodontic Section of IADR meeting were obtained. The following information was collected: abstract title, number of authors, study design, statistical analysis, outcome, and funding source. PubMed was used to identify the full-text publication of the abstracts. The discrepancies between the abstract and the full-text publication were examined, categorized as major and minor discrepancies, and quantified. The data were collected and analyzed using descriptive analysis. Frequency and percentage of major and minor discrepancies were calculated. Results. A total of 109 (95.6% articles showed changes from their abstracts. Seventy-four (65.0% and 105 (92.0% publications had at least one major and one minor discrepancies, respectively. Minor discrepancies were more prevalent (92.0% than major discrepancies (65.0%. The most common minor discrepancy was observed in the title (80.7%, and most common major discrepancies were seen in results (48.2%. Conclusion. Minor discrepancies were more prevalent than major discrepancies. The data presented in this study may be useful to establish a more comprehensive structured abstract requirement for future meetings.

  17. In Vitro Research Tools in the Field of Human Immediate Drug Hypersensitivity and Their Present Use in Small Animal Veterinary Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavergne S. Lavergne

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR are immune-mediated idiosyncratic adverse drug events. Type I DHR are often referred to as “immediate” and involve B lymphocyte-secreted IgE that bind to the membrane of basophils and mast cells, inducing their degranulation. This review presents various in vitro tests that were developed in the field of human type I HS and implemented as clinical diagnostic tools in human cases of immediate DHR. The respective strengths and weaknesses of each test will be discussed in parallel of validation data such as specificity and sensitivity whenever available. Some of them have also been used as diagnostic tools in veterinary medicine, but not in cases of immediate DHR. Most of these diagnostic tools can be categorized into humoral and cellular tests. The former tests measure serum concentrations of factors, such as histamine, tryptase, and drug-specific IgE. The latter assays quantify markers of drug-induced basophil activation or drug-specific lymphocyte proliferation. Pharmacogenetic markers have also been investigated in immediate DHR, but not as extensively as in non-immediate ones. Throughout, practical aspects and limitations of the tests, as well as sensitivity and specificity parameters, will be presented. In addition, the experience of veterinary medicine with these diagnostic tools will be summarized. However, to date, none of them has ever been reported in a veterinary case of type I DHR.

  18. Application of fMRI to obesity research: differences in reward pathway activation measured with fMRI BOLD during visual presentation of high and low calorie foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsao, Sinchai; Adam, Tanja C.; Goran, Michael I.; Singh, Manbir

    2012-03-01

    The factors behind the neural mechanisms that motivate food choice and obesity are not well known. Furthermore, it is not known when these neural mechanisms develop and how they are influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. This study uses fMRI together with clinical data to shed light on the aforementioned questions by investigating how appetite-related activation in the brain changes with low versus high caloric foods in pre-pubescent girls. Previous studies have shown that obese adults have less striatal D2 receptors and thus reduced Dopamine (DA) signaling leading to the reward-deficit theory of obesity. However, overeating in itself reduces D2 receptor density, D2 sensitivity and thus reward sensitivity. The results of this study will show how early these neural mechanisms develop and what effect the drastic endocrinological changes during puberty has on these mechanisms. Our preliminary results showed increased activations in the Putamen, Insula, Thalamus and Hippocampus when looking at activations where High Calorie > Low Calorie. When comparing High Calorie > Control and Low Calorie > Control, the High > Control test showed increased significant activation in the frontal lobe. The Low > Control also yielded significant activation in the Left and Right Fusiform Gyrus, which did not appear in the High > Control test. These results indicate that the reward pathway activations previously shown in post-puberty and adults are present in pre-pubescent teens. These results may suggest that some of the preferential neural mechanisms of reward are already present pre-puberty.

  19. Researches on Present Situation of Physical Education Students' Learning Attitude%体育专业大学生学习态度现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周庆欣; 周则桐

    2011-01-01

    在对学习态度相关研究现状进行综述的基础上,通过问卷调查法、数理统计法等方法,对体育专业大学生的学习态度进行了相关研究。研究结果发现:不同性别、不同生源地、不同年级的学生在学习情感、学习认知、学习行为三个维度上都存在显著性差异;分析学生产生厌学的原因,主要在于自身的学习动机不明确、外界干扰因素等多个方面,最后从学校、教师和社会三个方面提出了改变学生学习态度的相关建议。%Based on the reviews on the related researches on the learning attitude, it is studied the learning attitude of the students of Physical Education Subject by the questionnaire survey method, mathematical statistics and some other methods. The results show that there are significant differences in three dimensions, that is, learning emotion, cognitive learning, learning behavior for the students of different gender, different regions and different grades. From the analyses, it is concluded the reasons for students' disliking learning are their unclear learning motivations, outside disturbing factors and so on. So, some suggestions for improving students' learning attitude are proposed from the school, teacher and social aspects.

  20. Present situation of research on rubber reinforcement mechanism of carbon black%炭黑对橡胶增强机理的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟春财; 陈建; 张敬雨; 金永中; 伍雅峰

    2012-01-01

    Some theories on rubber reinforcement at present, such as the molecular chain slide theory, the bound rubber theory, the filler network theory, the carbon black surface structure theory and the van der Waals theory were introduced with 23 references. The rationality and limitation of these theo-ries were discussed, and the new direction for the rubber reinforcement theory was proposed.%介绍了目前炭黑增强橡胶的一些理论,如分子链滑动理论、结合胶理论、填料网络理论、炭黑表面结构理论和范德华网络理论,分析了这些理论存在的合理性与局限性,指出了橡胶增强理论新的研究方向.

  1. 智能变色窗的研究现状与发展趋势%The research present and the developmenttrend of switchable window

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐春叶

    2009-01-01

    概述了一种成功研制的基于蓝色导电高分子材料聚噻吩及其衍生物的智能变色窗.开发出红色和绿色分子单体及相关器件,设计出基于有机高分子工作电极和无机碳、金属或金属氧化物对电极的器件结构,以及半固体,固体电解质.所开发出的智能变色窗、智能变色眼镜等器件样品涉及民用、工业及军事等多个领域.电致变色窗的当前及未来发展包括大尺寸建筑和汽车用玻璃窗、显示器、变色织物,装饰品及护眼等装置.%An overview of one the most successful developed switchable windows based on conducting polymers, polythiophene and derivatives, which shows blue color, is presented. In addition, red and green color monomers and devices, a newly designed structure with an organic polymer as active layer and an inor-ganic carbon, metal or metal oxide working as counter part, and semi-solid electrolyte are developed. Sevend prototypes were fabricated for different applications in civil, industrial and military fields. Present and future applications for electrochromic window (ECW) that are discussed include large sized architectural and vehicle windows, visual display, camouflage textile and eye protection device.

  2. 海水淡化工艺装备研发现状%Present Situation of Research and Development of Process Equipments for Seawater Desalination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世明; 刘银

    2013-01-01

    Because of free from the variations in rainfall and wide sources,seawater desalination is a feasible water resource for the shortage of fresh water.A number of desalination technologies have been considered and developed significantly during the last several decades to augment the supply of water all around the world.A seawater desalination process separates seawater into two streams:a fresh water stream and a concentrated brine stream.Although the process equipment and support technologies are mature enough to be a reliable source for fresh water from the sea,a significant amount of research and development (R&D) has been carried out in order to constantly improve the technologies and reduce the cost of desalination.Current status,practices,and advances that have been made in the realm of seawater desalination technologies were reviewed in this paper.Additionally,an overview of R&D activities and outlines future prospects for the state-of-the-art seawater desalination technologies in combination with five-year plan and general problems for process equipment was put forward.%随着全球淡水资源紧缺区域增多,在过去的数十年里淡化海水因其来源广且不受降雨影响,而成为解决淡水短缺的可行方案,并得到越来越多关注和发展.海水淡化工艺(即脱盐)将海水分为两部分:淡水和高浓度的盐水.虽然海水淡化的工艺装备和支撑技术已经相当成熟,但为了不断提高技术并降低成本,国内外进行了大量的研究.该文概述了海水淡化主流技术的研究现状、工程项目以及新工艺.另外归纳了海水淡化工艺装备存在的一般问题,结合“十二五”规划,指出了海水淡化的研究方向.

  3. 我国消极安乐死立法现状研究%Research on Present Situation of Passive Euthanasia Legislation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华; 王贵君; 刘鑫

    2016-01-01

    Euthanasia is making argument again recently.The legislation has a breakthrough in Belgium, Canada and France.In our coun-try, the favoring and opposing voices of euthanasia are both very strong, so the legislation opportunity is not mature.But the existence of illegal euthanasia cases in reality makes a challenge to the legislation.However, passive euthanasia giving up treatment has many supporters, and was basically approved by legislation of foreign countries and regions.Passive euthanasia is widespread in our country, but because of the lack of legis-lation and regulation, the implementation of intentional homicide may be hid by giving up treatment.Close relatives of patients and medical staff are at risk of being investigated for criminal responsibility.Finally, the writer researched euthanasia legislation of our country and put forward some corresponding countermeasures of giving up treatment in the actual work, recognized legal validity of wills paper of giving up the treatment and proxy signed by patients.Approval, supervision and medical records should be put into effect.%近期安乐死问题又起波澜,比利时、加拿大、法国在立法上都有突破.在我国,安乐死赞成与反对声音都很强烈,立法时机不成熟,但现实中存在非法安乐死案例,对立法形成挑战.作为放弃治疗的消极安乐死却支持者众多,不少国家和地区基本上立法也都认可.我国消极安乐死普遍存在,但缺乏立法规制,因而隐藏着放弃治疗实施故意杀人的可能,对患者近亲属和医务人员都面临被追究刑事责任的风险,通过对我国消极安乐死(即放弃治疗)立法调研和当前实际工作中放弃治疗,提出了相应对策,认可患者签署的放弃治疗意愿书和委托书法律效力,实施中应加强审批、监督,并做详细记录.

  4. Present and Future Research of Preferential Flow in Soil%土壤优先流研究现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐宗恒; 徐则民; 曹军尉; 孟庆会

    2012-01-01

    优先流是近年来针对土壤水运动所提出的术语,是土壤中水运动机制研究由均匀走向非均匀领域的标志,是指在土壤各向异性的情况下,水分和溶质在多重因素的共同作用下,沿着特定的路径向下发生非稳定渗流的现象.优先流是造成降雨型滑坡、泥石流等地质灾害以及地下水质污染、农业土壤中养分流失等现象的主要诱因之一,所以深入开展优先流的研究显得尤为重要.本文从优先流的界定出发,主要介绍回顾了优先流数学模型的发展和研究优先流所采用的技术手段和方法,最后总结并探讨了优先流研究中存在的问题和发展趋势.%The preferential flow, a term proposed by scholars according to water transport in soil in recent years, is the symbol of soil water transport mechanism study transforming from uniformity to non-uniformity. It can be defined as the unstable seepage phenomena of water and solute along the specific path, under the impacts of multiple factors. It is one of main causes that lead to geological hazards of rainfall-induced landslides, debris flow, and groundwater pollution, nutrient loss in farm field, so the study on preferential flow is particularly important. This paper, beginning with the definition of preferential flow, mainly reviewed the study development on mathematical models and technical means, and at the end the existing problems were discussed and the future research was put forward.

  5. 英语听力教学现状与策略研究%English listening teaching present situation and strategy research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓丹

    2015-01-01

    English listening is an effective way to cultivate the students' language output skills, the ultimate purpose of learning English is to use English for effective communication. People's language learning from early childhood began, human language learning comply with the laws of said after listening to, and only has enough language input to language output is possible. English listening teaching in our country at present also got the attention of the students and teachers, but the present situation of listening teaching in China is still optimistic. At first, this paper analyses the characteristics of English listening, and then discussed the current situation of English listening teaching, and finally to delve into listening teaching strategies, in order to improve English listening teaching situation, improve the efficiency of English teaching and ultimately improve the level of the students' comprehensive English.%英语听力是培养学生的语言输出技能的有效途径,英语学习的最终目的是利用英语进行有效地交际.人们的语言学习从幼儿时期便开始进行,人类的语言学习遵循先听后说的规律,只用拥有了充足的语言输入才有可能进行语言输出.我国的英语听力教学在现阶段也得到了广大教师和学生的重视,但是我国听力教学的现状仍然不同乐观.本文首先分析英语听的特点,接着重点探究英语听力教学的现状,最后对听力教学策略进行深入探究,以期改善英语听力教学的不良现状,提高英语教学效率并最终提高学生的综合英语水平.

  6. Research on the Present Situation of Procrastination Behavior of Primary School Students%小学生拖延行为的现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静

    2012-01-01

    采用自我修订的拖延调查量表对500名小学生进行测试,旨在了解小学生拖延行为的现状。研究结果表明:(1)小学生普遍存在拖延行为,但他们的拖延程度并不严重,只有极少数小学生存在严重的拖延行为;(2)小学生拖延行为在性别、班干非班干、学业成绩上存在显著差异,在年级和是否独生子女上并无差异。%The investigation was designed to find out the present situation of the procrastination behavior of the primary school students. A total of 500 primary school students were investigated by the reformulated procrastination scale .The results showed that: (1) Procrastination behavior was prevalent in the primary students, but not serious, only a very small number of primary students conducted serious procrastination behavior. (2) There were significant differences of procrastination behavior in the primary school students among gender, class cadres, academic performance, but no differences among grade, only child.

  7. 甲醇汽油发动机应用浅析%Analysis on Vehicle Methanol Gasoline Research of Present Situation and Prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶巍巍; 华海宁; 包伟

    2013-01-01

    文章主要从甲醇汽油在发动机应用上的动力性、非常规排放冷启动、常规排放、毒性及使用安全性等方面与汽油发动机进行了对比分析,在此基础上介绍了目前甲醇汽油的应用现状情况及其推广前景。%Recent developments have raised increased interest on the methanol gasoline as the most promis-ing alternative energy sources for gasoline engine vehicle.This article mainly analyzes the methanol gasoline in engine application performance, irregular emissions in cold start, conventional gasoline engine emis-sions,toxicity and use safety and so on,and based on this,this paper introduces the present situation and application of methanol gasoline and its prospect of promotion.

  8. The Present Situation and Countermeasure Research of Chinese Enterprises'E-Learning%我国企业E-Learning的现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程春华

    2015-01-01

    Along with the rapid development and gradual worldwide popularization of the computer and network technology, E-Learning becomes the new trend of the enterprise training development,which has advantages of abundance information,beyond restrictions of time and space,flexibility,convenience, reducing the enterprise training costs. This paper introduces the concept of E-Learning at first, further elaborates the important roles of implementing E-Learning for Chinese enterprises, then analyzes the present situation of Chinese enterprises' E-Learning, and at last,the paper puts over the countermeasure and suggestion about promoting the development of Chinese enterprises'E-Learning.%随着计算机和网络技术的飞速发展和在世界范围内的逐渐普及,E-Learning成为企业培训发展的新趋势,它具有信息量大、超越时空限制、灵活、方便、降低企业培训成本的优点。首先介绍了E-Learning的概念;进而阐述了应用E-Learning对我国企业的重要作用;接着分析了我国企业E-Learning的现状;最后提出了促进我国企业E-Learning发展的对策建议。

  9. 黎族传统体育课程的现状及发展研究%The Li Nationality Traditional Sports Curriculum Present Situation and Development Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周峰

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature data and questionnaire method, discusses the Li school physical education curriculum present situation and the development question, draw: Li ghetto schools are generally carry the Li na- tionality traditional sports project, but less time ; teacher development of Li traditional PE curriculum is lack of mo- tivation, enthusiasm is not tall; students generally liked the game entertainment and fitness type nation traditional sports. Strengthen the Li nationality traditional sports project is normative, the Li nationality traditional sports pro- ject in school physical education curriculum resources effectively.%运用文献资料及问卷调查法,讨论了黎族中小学体育课程的现状及发展问题,得出:黎族地区学校虽普遍开展黎族传统体育项目,但时间较少;教师开发黎族传统体育课程的动力不足,积极性不高;学生普遍喜欢游戏娱乐类及健身类民族传统体育项目。加强黎族传统体育项目的规范性,是黎族传统体育项目进入学校体育课程资源的有效途径。

  10. Research on the Present Situation of Public Education of Baoding Museum%保定市博物馆公共教育探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立峰

    2016-01-01

    Baoding is a historical and cultural city, its museum resources are very rich. Under the influence of the traditional concept, present situation of public education of Baoding museum is not optimistic. With the countries to strengthen the educational function of the museum, Baoding museums should seize the opportunity to change their ideas, improve public service awareness, and actively explore the methods and ideas of public education under the new situation. The community will become aware that the museum education is very important to inherit the traditional culture, cultivate the public mind, and develop the creative thinking. In the end the goals of enriching the public’s spiritual life and improving people’s cultural quality will be achieved through influences of museum education.%保定是一座历史文化名城,博物馆资源非常丰富。在传统观念的影响下,保定市博物馆的公共教育现状不容乐观。在国家加强博物馆教育功能的大环境下,保定市博物馆应抓住机遇,转变观念,提高公共服务意识,积极探索在新形势下开展公共教育的方法和思路。使全社会意识到博物馆公共教育对传统文化的传承、公众心性的陶冶、创造性思维的开发有着重要意义,最终通过博物馆公共教育实现丰富公众的精神生活、提高民众的文化素养的目标。

  11. HSOPSC Questionnaire in the Present Situation of the Application of Research in China%HSOPSC 问卷在我国的应用现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洋; 刘鑫; 韩硕; 刘权亮; 吴国松; 赵璐

    2015-01-01

    加强患者安全文化建设是改善医院患者安全管理水平的必经之路,因此,准确的了解医院的患者安全文化现状显得尤为重要。医院患者安全文化调查表(HSOPSC)是目前世界卫生领域中极具代表性和科学性的患者安全文化测评工具,本文通过对 HSOPSC 问卷的来源、内容和优势予以介绍,对其目前在我国的应用现状进行重点分析,并深入阐明其应用过程中的注意事项,以期为我国的患者安全文化测评工作提供一定的参考和借鉴。%To strengthen the construction of patient safety culture is the only way to improve safety management level of hospital patients, therefore, the accurate understanding of patient safety culture status quo of hospital is particularly important. HSOPSC ques-tionnaire was one of the world in the field of health representative and scientific nature of patient safety culture assessment tools, this paper introduced the origin, content and advantage HSOPSC questionnaire, to the application status in our country at present in the key analysis, and the matters needing attention in the process of further clarify its application, so as to our country's patient safety cul-ture assessment work provide certain reference and reference.

  12. Film Presentation: Die Urknallmaschine

    CERN Multimedia

    Carolyn Lee

    2010-01-01

    Die Urknallmaschine, an Austrian film by Gerd Baldauf, narrated by Norbert Frischauf (Alpha Österreich - ORF, 2009).  In CERN’s gigantic complex particles are accelerated to almost the speed of light, brought to collision and made to divide into even smaller particles. Public opinion of CERN’s research is also divided. Sceptics fear that black holes may be created. Might the goal to study the origin of the world lead to its destruction? The Austrian researcher Norbert Frischauf worked at CERN for many years. With his guidance it is possible to explore the world’s largest research centre, get a glimpse of the fascinating work the scientists do there and take a crash course in particle physics. Die Urknallmaschine will be presented on Friday, 25 June from 13:00 to 14:00 in the Main Auditorium. Language: German

  13. Biomedical Challenges Presented by the American Indian, Proceedings of the Special Session of the PAHO Advisory Committee on Medical Research (7th, Washington, D.C., June 25, 1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC.

    At each meeting of the Pan American Health Organization Advisory Committee on Medical Research, a special 1-day session is held on a topic chosen by the committee as being of particular interest. At the 7th meeting, which convened in June of 1968 in Washington, D.C., the session surveyed the origin, present distribution, and principal biological…

  14. 国内外火龙果研究进展及产业发展现状%Present Research Status and Industrial Development of Pitaya at Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓仁菊; 范建新; 蔡永强

    2011-01-01

    To provide reference and basis for production and scientific research of pitaya in China, in this paper, the present research status and industrial development of pitaya were reviewed, application and development prospect were clarified and suggestions on problems existing in research and industrial development of pitaya and research directions in the future were proposed as well.%为给我国火龙果的生产和科研提供参考和依据,综述了国内外火龙果研究进展及产业的概况,阐明了火龙果的应用及发展前景,并对火龙果研究和产业发展中存在的问题和未来研究方向提出了建议.

  15. 菌根生物技术应用现状与研究进展%The Present Application Situation and Research Progress of the Biological Technology of Mycorrhiza

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋家淡; 林延生; 詹正宜; 鲍晓红; 刘亨平

    2001-01-01

    论述了菌根的类型、功能及其在林业上的应用现状,并指出菌根生物技术的研究进展与方向,为林业生产提供参考。%This paper deals with the ecophenotypes and functions of the mycorrhizas and the present application situation of the mycorrhizas in forestry. Furthermore, it elucidates the research progress and points out the research direction of the biological technology of mycorrhiza. It provides a reference for forestry production.

  16. Present Situation, Existing Problems of Controlled Release Fertilizer Research and Countermeasures%控释肥料研究现状、存在问题及对策①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海林; 林钊沐; 罗微; 华元刚; 郑国亮; 王龙宇

    2014-01-01

    综述控释肥料的定义及与缓释肥料的区别,分析控释肥料包膜材料、包膜工艺研究现状,指出控释肥料研究和产业化中存在的问题,提出对策,并对今后控释肥料研究发展进行展望。%On the base of research data about controlled release fertilizer, in this paper we expounded the definition of controlled release fertilizer, explained the difference between controlled release fertilizer and slow release fertilizer. We also analyzed the present situation on coated materials, coating technique, discussed the existing problems on research and industrialization of controlled release fertilizer, and puts forward strategy according to the problem. The last, we prospected the research and development in the future.

  17. 国内对西亚非洲法制研究的现状、意义及展望%The West Asian and African Legal Systems' Research in China:Present Situation,Significance and Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼

    2014-01-01

    In Western countries,the research of West Asian and African legal systems has evolved into stable research system and research groups,which has established the Western leading position in this field. The research-es on West Asian and African legal systems in China have two mainly pathsislamic law and African law. However,Chinese research on West Asian and African legal systems is so weak and deficient at present. Strengthening the re-search is beneficial to Chinese economic development,legal system construction,and also the Chinese legal system's influence and recognition in the world. Combined with China's mature law classification or the present research di-rection,the future research into West Asian and African legal systems will extend to the fields of basic legal theory,constitution and human rights,international law,national law and department law.%西亚非洲法制的研究在西方国家已经形成了稳定的研究体系和研究团体,这确立了西方在西亚非洲法制现代化建设中的主导地位。我国对于西亚非洲的法制主要是从伊斯兰法和非洲法两个路径进行研究,目前还有研究力量薄弱、学术成果匮乏以及存在内在理论冲突等问题。我国开展西亚非洲法制研究对于我国经济发展、法制建设以及提高我国法制在世界上的影响力和认可度等都具有积极意义。结合我国法学家成熟的学科划分或研究方向,未来对于西亚非洲法制的研究将沿着西亚非洲法制的基本法学理论、宪政和人权、国际法、国别法、部门法不断发展和繁荣。

  18. 内地与台湾团体心理咨询研究现状比较分析%A Comparative Analysis of Present Researches on Group Counseling Between Mainland and Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾炬; 樊富珉

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To find out the development tendency of group counseling research through the comparison of group counseling research between Mainland and Taiwan. Methods: Based on major psychological journals and excellent masters' and doctors' dissertations on group counseling from 1990 to 2009 in Mainland and Taiwan, this study compares the research quantities, objectives and methods of these two places. Results: Group counseling research in Taiwan is rich,and research methods are more standard, while group counseling research in Mainland increases rapidly, involving the continuous expansion of application fields. Conclusion: At present the group counseling is more developed in Taiwan than in Mainland, which means that there is great developmental potential in the mainland. What's more, according to the developing history and present research situation of group counseling in Taiwan, it is concluded the future research directions of Taiwan tend to the development of influence factors on efficacy of group counseling, the influence mechanism of group process and local research.%目的:通过比较内地与台湾的团体心理咨询研究状况探讨团体咨询研究的发展趋势.方法:选取1990-2009年期间两岸的主要心理学期刊和优秀硕、博士论文中对团体心理咨询的研究,从研究数量、研究对象、研究方法等方面进行比较分析.结果:台湾团体咨询研究内容比较丰富,研究方法更为规范,内地团体咨询研究数量增加迅速,涉及的应用领域在不断扩展.结论:目前台湾地区的团体心理咨询研究较内地更为发达,而内地该领域的研究还有很大的发展空间.同时从台湾的研究现状来看,团体咨询研究有向团体疗效因素研究、团体过程影响机制分析、本土化研究等方向发展的趋势.

  19. September 2002 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R

    2002-09-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at NASA Ames Research Center on September 23, 2002. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss technical details on the experimental and computational work in progress and future project plans. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE)/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center (NASA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Freightliner, and Portland State University participated in the meeting. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items. The meeting began with an introduction by the Project Lead Rose McCallen of LLNL, where she emphasized that the world energy consumption is predicted to relatively soon exceed the available resources (i.e., fossil, hydro, non-breeder fission). This short fall is predicted to begin around the year 2050. Minimizing vehicle aerodynamic drag will significantly reduce our Nation's dependence on foreign oil resources and help with our world-wide fuel shortage. Rose also mentioned that educating the populace and researchers as to our world energy issues is important and that our upcoming United Engineering Foundation (UEF) Conference on ''The Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles: Trucks, Busses, and Trains'' was one way our DOE Consortium was doing this. Mentioned were the efforts of Fred Browand from USC in organizing and attracting internationally recognized speakers to the Conference. Rose followed with an overview of the DOE project goals, deliverables, and FY03 activities. The viewgraphs are attached at the end of this

  20. News UK public libraries offer walk-in access to research Atoms for Peace? The Atomic Weapons Establishment and UK universities Students present their research to academics: CERN@school Science in a suitcase: Marvin and Milo visit Ethiopia Inspiring telescopes A day for everyone teaching physics 2014 Forthcoming Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    UK public libraries offer walk-in access to research Atoms for Peace? The Atomic Weapons Establishment and UK universities Students present their research to academics: CERN@school Science in a suitcase: Marvin and Milo visit Ethiopia Inspiring telescopes A day for everyone teaching physics 2014 Forthcoming Events

  1. March 2000 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic DragL Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R.; Flowers, D.; Dunn, T.; Owens, J.; Browand, F.; Hammache, M.; Loenard, A.; Brady, M.; Salari, K.; Rutledge, W.; Scheckler, R.; Ross, J.; Storms, B.; Heineck, J.T.; Arledge, T

    2000-05-15

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on March 16, 2000. The purpose of the meeting was to present technical details on the experimental and computational plans and approaches and provide an update on progress in the analysis of experimental results, model developments, simulations, and an investigation of an aerodynamic device. The focus of the meeting was a review of University of Southern California's (USC) experimental plans and results, NASA Ames experimental plans, the computational results from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for the integrated tractor-trailer benchmark geometry called the Ground Transportation System (GTS) Model, and turbulence model development and benchmark simulation for a rounded cube from California Institute of Technology (Caltech). Much of the meeting discussion involved deficiencies in commercial software, needed modeling improvements, and the importance of detailed data for code validation. The present and projected budget and funding situation was also discussed. Presentations were given by representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Transportation Technology Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology (OHVT), LLNL, SNL, NASA Ames, USC, and Caltech. Representatives from Argonne National Laboratory also participated via telephone. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items. There were 3 major issues raised at the meeting. (1) Our funding is inadequate to satisfy industries request for high Reynolds number experimentation and computation. Plans are to respond to the DOD and DOE requests for proposals, which require a 50-50 cost share with industry, to acquire funding for high Reynolds number experiments at NASA Ames. (2) The deficiencies in commercial software, the

  2. Abstract Presentations: What Do SGIM Presenters Prefer?

    OpenAIRE

    Tulsky, Asher A.; Kouides, Ruth W

    1998-01-01

    We surveyed physicians presenting abstracts at the 1995 Society of General Internal Medicine annual meeting to determine whether the oral or poster format better achieved their presentation goals. Poster presentations better met respondents' objectives for feedback and criticism and for networking and developing collaborative projects, while oral presentations better met their objectives for national visibility and sharing knowledge within one's field. Sixty-nine percent of respondents prefer...

  3. Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheng, S.; Keller, J.; Glinsky, C.

    2013-10-01

    This presentation was given at the Sandia Reliability Workshop in August 2013 and provides information on current statistics, a status update, next steps, and other reliability research and development activities related to the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative.

  4. PEV Integration with Renewables (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Markel, T.

    2014-06-18

    This presentation discusses current research at NREL on integrating plug-in electric vehicles with the grid and using renewable energy to charge the grid. The Electric Vehicle Grid Integration (EVGI) and Integrated Network Testbed for Energy Grid Research and Technology Experimentation (INTEGRATE) are addressing the opportunities and technical requirements for vehicle grid integration that will increase marketability and lead to greater petroleum reduction.

  5. 中国耕地集约利用研究现状及趋势分析%Present situation and trends in research on cultivated land intensive use in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕晓; 牛善栋; 李振波; 黄贤金; 钟太洋

    2015-01-01

    The cultivated land intensive use (CLIU) is related to food security, supply of agricultural products, and even economic and social sustainable development. There is important theoretical and practical significance in deeply understanding the condition of CLIU and its change process, pattern, mechanism and comprehensive effect. The paper, by adopting the methods of literature analysis and systematic induction, analyzed the research status of CLIU in China from 3 aspects of research scale, research content and research method. Then with the help of Chinese literature database, we summarized the trends and the overall situation of the researches on CLIU in China in nearly 30 years. We think the existing research presents the following features: a diversity of research perspectives and analysis scales, a wide range of research contents and positivism methodology. Meanwhile, there are a lot of deficiencies in present research, which mainly show in 4 aspects: 1) The researches are insufficient in these aspects including the choice of proper scale, the selection of indicator to proper scale characteristics, the comparison analysis and diversion between different scales, the spatial and temporal scale coupling; 2) The subtype of the CLIU elaboration researches, including paddy field, irrigated land, dry land, is not reported; 3) The content and depth need to be developed, such as the scientificity of CLIU evaluation, the systematicness of influence mechanism, the integrity of intensive effect and the effectiveness of regulation approach; 4) The trend of favoring metric over mechanism, value results over process and verification in research methods need to be overcome, and the method system of multidisciplinary coupling has not yet been built. Overall, the existing research is difficult to meet expectations and requirements in cultivated land resource use of national strategic demand of the new urbanization, “five transformations coordination” and cultivated land

  6. Making your presentation fun: creative presentation techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KEENEN,MARTHA JANE

    2000-05-18

    What possesses someone to volunteer and go through hoops and red tape to make a presentation at a conference? For that matter, why does anyone ever present anything to anyone? Actually, presentations are a fact of life and there are many reasons for doing a presentation and doing it well. New and existing staff need training and orientation to the way things are done here. Handing all of them a manual and hoping they read it is pretty much a waste of paper. On the other hand, an effective, entertaining and upbeat presentation on the relevant topics is more likely to stick with those people. They will even have a name and face to remember and seek out when they have an issue on or with that topic. This can be a very effective beginning for networking with new peers. The presenter is seen as knowledgeable, as a source of information on company topics and possibly evaluated as a potential mentor or future manager. Project staff and/or peers benefit from clear, concise, presentations of topical knowledge. This is one way that a group working on various aspects of the same project or program can stay in touch and in step with each other. Most importantly, presentations may be the best or only door into the minds (and budgets) of management and customers. These presentations are a wonderful opportunity to address legal and compliance issues, budget, staffing, and services. Here is a chance, maybe the only one, to demonstrate and explain the wonderfulness of a program and the benefit they get by using the services offered most effectively. An interactive presentation on legal and compliance issues can be an effective tool in helping customers and/or management make good risk management decisions.

  7. 近年我国田径中长跑运动项目科研状况的分析%On the Present Scientific Research Status of the Middle-distance Movement in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张涛

    2012-01-01

    In order to understand the status of China's middle-distance movement of scientific research application of literature,information dissemination,distribution structure and law,the process of research and development,based on the use of a number of statistics and logical analysis,this paper made an analysis of Chinese sports middle and Long Distance scientific papers with a class of 13 core journals,more than 130 articles from 1994-2008,pointed out that the existing problems in the course of the study,and presented research dynamic.%为了解我国中长跑运动领域科研文献、信息传播利用情况、分布结构、研究进程和规律等状况,运用数量统计、逻辑分析等方法对1994年至2008年我国中文体育类13种核心期刊的130余篇中长跑运动科研论文进行了分析。

  8. 高职院校顶岗实习研究现状及展望%Studies on the Present Situation of Higher Vocational Education Internship Research and Its' Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董平; 陈建成

    2011-01-01

    By reviewing academic papers of which topics were related to internship and published on China Academic Journal Network Publishing Database, this article summarizes the meaning and significance of internship, models of internship, problems and corresponding settlements, and the management of internship. It also analyzes the weakness of the ongoing research and points out the direction for later research. Based on research results of the present study, it concludes a new research perspective by which the internship could be affected positively, i.e. , by efforts of "government-enterprise-school-student" together. It also points out a developing direction for vocational education, i. e. , to form an interest community between the college and the enterprise.%通过回顾中国学术期刊网络出版总库收录的顶岗实习的文献,文章对顶岗实习的内涵及意义、顶岗实习的模式、顶岗实习存在的问题及其对策和顶岗实习如何管理四个方面的研究进行了系统述评,在此基础上分析了现有研究的不足,并展望了未来的研究方向,最后在综合现有研究成果基础上,得出了“政企校生”四方联动的顶岗实习研究新视角和校企组成利益共同体的职业教育发展方向两点启示。

  9. Integrating Financial Analysis into Presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saatci, Elizabeth

    2004-01-01

    Assignments that combine case studies with applied research can work for presentations as well as for written reports. One such assignment that has proven to be successful both in the author's classes and later in the students' professional lives is based on (1) incorporating banking concepts and encouraging their use in presentations; (2)…

  10. PREFACE: Young Researcher Meeting, Trieste 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, F.; Antolini, C.; Aversa, R.; Cattani, G.; Martinelli, M.; Mazzaferro, L.; Migliaccio, M.; Paci, F.; Pietrobon, D.; Ricci Pacifici, D.; Stellato, F.; Veneziani, M.

    2013-12-01

    YRM logo The Young Researcher Meeting (www.yrmr.it) has been a rapidly growing event for the last few years. Together with other initiatives which have emerged in several research areas, the young researcher meeting marks the awareness and the desire of PhD students, postdoctoral fellows and young researchers to play a major role in scientific progress. Devoted to the discussion and the interchange of new developments and ideas in physics, the meeting is primarily aimed at graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, who are encouraged to present their work in an informal atmosphere. One of the main purposes of the conference is to create an international network of young researchers, both experimentalists and theorists, and fruitful collaborations across the different branches of physics. Born in Rome in 2009, after three editions that strengthened it, the Young Researcher Meeting 2013 was held in Trieste. Propelled by the past success, the fourth meeting was a two-day conference on 3-4June. It was sponsored by the International School for Advanced Studies - SISSA - and the University of Padova, thus acquiring an even further international drive. In this volume, we collect some of the contributions that were presented at the conference. They cover topics in astrophysics and cosmology, particle and theoretical physics, soft and condensed matter, biophysics and medical physics. YRM Organising and Editorial Committee Fabio Agostini (fabio.agostini@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy Claudia Antolini (claudia.antolini@sissa.it) SISSA - Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy Rossella Aversa (raversa@sissa.it) SISSA - Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy Giordano Cattani (giordano.cattani@gmail.com) Matteo Martinelli (mmartin@sissa.it) SISSA - Scuola Internazionale Superiore di

  11. Demonstration of Submillimeter Astrophysics Technology at Caltech Submillimeter Observatory Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The following are the objectives of this project:(1) Demonstration of 1600-element Kinetic Inductance Detector (KID) imaging array operating at 350 micron with near...

  12. Presentation of Pydio

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    **Pydio is an open-source platform for file sharing and synchronisation.** It is wildly used by enterprises and organizations worldwide, including major universities. Pydio comes with a rich web-based interface, native clients for both iOS and Android mobile devices, and lately a new sync client for desktop platforms. Pydio v6 is of great useability and introduces many new features that makes it the ultimate sharing machine. Its architecture makes it a perfect fit for either easily deploying an on-premise dropbox solution, or building more complicated solutions where the box feature is integrated as OEM. Storage-agnostic, Pydio is a simple layer that can be deployed on top of any storage backend, thus providing scalability and high-availability out-of-the-box. Charles du Jeu is the lead developer of the solution and will briefly present its feature and how it can fit for research and engineering purpose. See https://pyd.io/ for more information.

  13. 健身运动风险事件发生的现状及原因分析%Research on the Present Situation and Cause of the Occurrence of the Exercises Risks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓军; 王军; 曾四清

    2011-01-01

    抽样具有地域、经济以及文化代表性的不同人群,调查其健身运动风险事件发生的现状及原因,是构建健身运动风险评价理论体系的基础性和必要性研究工作。研究发现:确定健身运动风险的人群特征、项目特征、风险事件类别特征,深入研究运动过量、运动不足等因素对机体健康风险的影响,加强运动环境固有风险危害的知识普及和宣传等问题是构建健身运动风险理论体系的基本切入点。%Sampling different groups with regional,economic and cultural characteristics,the research explores the present situation and cause of the exercises risks.It is a fundamental and necessary work on building the evaluation system of it.The research finds that the basic starting point is to define the character of the vulnerable people,events with exercise risks and its incidence type,make an in-depth research the impact of over-load exercises and inadequate exercises on the health risks,enhance the knowledge spread and campaign of the specific risks in the exercise environment.

  14. Mental health of homosexual and bisexual people – review of research and presentation of phenomenon [Zdrowie psychiczne osób homoseksualnych i biseksualnych – przegląd badań i prezentacja zjawiska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grabski, Bartosz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The issues of mental health and psychological well-being of sexual minorities have become one of the ponderable scientific questions in recent years. Not only do they attract the attention of psychiatrists, psychologists or sexologists, but also of public health professionals. It is because psychiatric disorders in sexual minorities are not only the source of individual suffering and dysfunction, but also a big and so far unappreciated social problem. The research results in this field were mostly unreliable in the past, because they were based on the false paradigm, assuming that homosexuality unquestionably belongs in the realms of psychopathology. This became a major selection bias in which researchers tried to draw conclusion upon the mental status of the hole population of homosexual people only from studies of clinical populations. New studies analyse the mental status of this relatively big social group implementing data from epidemiological population-based studies, which allows the more realistic assessment of the problem. In this work we presented new data indicating the elevated risk of psychiatric disorders within the sexual minorities. The problem was discussed in the context of living in the reluctant and hostile environment (minority stress exposure.

  15. The Present Research Situation and Health Effects Of PM_(2.5)%PM_(2.5)的研究现状及健康效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小欧

    2012-01-01

    大气细颗粒物PM2.5是大气气溶胶的一部分,由于其粒径小以及可为毒性物质提供载体,对环境和人体健康产生很大的影响。文章总结了国内外有关细颗粒物PM2.5的研究现状,主要围绕PM2.5的物理化学特征、来源解析、健康效应、及其对能见度的影响等方面进行论述,并对其研究动向进行了展望。%Air fine particulate PM2.5 is part of the atmospheric aerosols.Because of its small size and it can provide carrier to toxic substances,it produces a big effect to the environment and human health.The paper summarized the domestic and foreign present research situation of fine particulates PM2.5,mainly focusing on the physical and chemical characteristics of PM2.5,analytical source,health effects,and the influence of visibility.And the research trends were prospected in the paper.

  16. Chinese biobanks: present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Le; Shi, Chuan; Wang, Xian; Li, Qiyuan; Wan, Qian; Yan, Zhixiang; Zhang, Yong

    2013-12-01

    As the demands of scientific research and application for specimens increase rapidly, biobanks in China have been springing up over the recent years. This paper summarizes Chinese biobanks through investigation and survey on operative, managerial, ethical conditions and challenges of biobanks. At present, hospitals and research institutes in China set up and operate most of the biobanks, collecting human specimens to support clinical and scientific research. With the development of bio-industry and arrival of the big data era, biobanks need not only collect and store human and non-human specimens but also to manage the big data associated with these specimens.

  17. Teaching Presentation Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, William H.; Thompson, Michael P.

    2004-01-01

    Effective teaching of presentation skills focuses on the most important element of the presentation--the message itself. Some instructors place the heaviest emphasis on the messenger (the presenter) and focus their presentation feedback on all the presenter is doing wrong--saying "um," gesturing awkwardly, and so forth. When students receive this…

  18. Develop your presentation skills

    CERN Document Server

    Theobald, Theo

    2016-01-01

    Going beyond handling nerves and presenting PowerPoint slides, the third edition of "Develop Your Presentation Skills "offers practical advice on developing a captivating presentation, constructing compelling content, and boosting self-confidence. The book includes three new chapters on delivering a "stripped down"presentation, using new media to engage with the audience, and handling being asked to present on short notice."

  19. Investigación sobre manejo forestal a largo plazo en Patagonia Sur -Argentina: Lecciones del pasado, desafíos del presente Long-term forest management research in South Patagonia - Argentina: Lessons from the past, challenges from the present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUILLERMO J MARTÍNEZ-PASTUR

    2010-03-01

    ón de tratamientos intermedios, (iii determinar líneas base y definir los impactos de distintos sistemas silvícolas, (iv proponer metodologías de monitoreo de amplio espectro y establecer áreas demostrativas de manejo, y (v proveer áreas y conocimientos para entrenar profesionales en prácticas de manejo forestal y conservación de la biodiversidad. Las parcelas permanentes ya establecidas en los bosques de Nothofagus de Patagonia Sur y las bases de datos obtenidas podrían servir como punto de partida para definir un núcleo regional que pueda participar en el International Long Term Ecological Research para asegurar el uso sustentable de los bosques nativos.Argentina has based its economy in agriculture and cattle production seeing forests as one of the main obstacles for future development. Forest harvesting in South Patagonia has been an activity based on colonization and exploitation of new areas. Harvesting is mainly carried out in old-growth forests without silviculture management after the first cuts. Beyond this mismanagement, scientific research defined the basis to conserve, protect and improve the present forest management for the South Patagonia native forests. The first long-term study permanent plots (1965-1966 monitored only economic and forest structure parameters, and near twenty plots were established in public forested lands of Tierra del Fuego. Most of these plots were destroyed or discontinued due to a lack of land use planning, scarce social interest for long-term researches, absence of commitment of institutions, and few contributions of forest companies. After this, a second group of nine long-term study permanent plots were established in South Patagonia (1993-2004 based in the collaboration between private companies and national research institutions. The objectives included economic as well as ecological parameters. The new plots were established on private lands based on several agreements and joint venture projects between national

  20. Research on Actuarial Present Value of Inheritance Annuity under Different Dependent Structure%相依情形下继承年金精算现值的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兵强; 陶菊春

    2012-01-01

    Based on dependent multi-life status,actuarial present value of the husband and wife joint inheritance annuity,the son to father's endowment type inheritance annuity and the father to the children raisin type inheritance annuity was studied.The effects of individual dependence to life was analysed by basis of comonotonicity,and the dependences of individual life was settled by using Copula function,finally the husband and wife joint heritance annuity was studied.The research result indicates that dependency degree of the individual life has important influence for inheritance annuity actuarial present value,the individual dependency degree more high,inheritance annuity actuarial present value is small,especially,in the individual life remaining independent of each other,inheritance annuity actuarial present value obtained maximal.%在多生命状态各个体剩余寿命相依的情形下,研究了夫妻联合型继承年金、子对父的养老型继承年金和父对子的抚养型继承年金的精算现值.本文主要利用同单调关系讨论了个体之间的相依关系对其寿命的影响,进而利用Copula函数处理了个体生命间的相依性,最后通过实例研究了夫妻联合型继承年金.研究结果表明:个体生命间的相依性程度对继承年金精算现值有着重要影响,个体间相依性程度越高,继承年金的精算现值越小,特别地,在个体剩余寿命相互独立时,继承年金的精算现值达到极大.

  1. A quantitative research for present-time crustal motion in Fujian Province, China and its marginal sea--Synthetical analysis of GPS measurement, fault deformation survey, leveling and focal mechanism solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Based on the Chinese mainland GPS network (1994~1996), Fujian GPS network (1995~1997), cross fault deformation network (1982~1998), precise leveling network (1973~1980) and focal mechanism solutions of the recent several tens years, we synthetically and quantitatively studied the present-time crustal motion of the southeast coast of Chinese mainland-Fujian and its marginal sea. We find that this area with its mainland together moves toward SE with a rather constant velocity of 11.2(3.0 mm/a. At the same time, there is a motion from the Quanzhou bay pointing to hinterland, with a major orientation of NW, extending toward two sides, and with an average velocity of 3.0(2.6 mm/a. The faults orienting NE show compressing motions, and the ones orienting NW show extending motions. The present-time strain field derived from crustal deformation is consistent with seismic stress field derived from the focal mechanism solutions and the tectonic stress field derived from geology data. The principal stress of compression orients NW (NWW) - SE (SEE). Demarcated by the NW orienting faults of the Quanzhou bay and Jinjiang-Yongan, the crustal motions show regional characteristics: the southwest of Fujian and the boundary of Fujian and Guangdong are areas of rising, the northeast of Fujian are areas of sinking. The horizontal strain rate and the fault motion of the former are both greater than the later. The side-transferring motion of Hymalaya collision zone and the compression of the west pacific subduction zone affect the motion of the research area. The amount of motion affected by the former is larger than the later, but the former is homogeneous and the later is not, which indicates that the events of strong earthquakes in this region relate more directly with western pacific subduction zone.

  2. 大别山试验区体育赛事品牌开发现状及对策研究%Research of Sports Events brand Development's Present Situation and Countermeasure in Dabie Mountain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶林青; 颜春辉

    2016-01-01

    采用文献资料法、逻辑分析法等研究方法,对大别山试验区体育赛事品牌的开发现状进行研究,深入分析大别山试验区体育赛事品牌的开发现状,并根据大别山试验区体育赛事品牌开发的优势,提出本土赛事影响力小,品牌赛事开发少等问题,并提出注重体育赛事品牌的引进与开发;组建专业化的赛事运作团队,培养专门的赛事管理人才等建议,以期为促进大别山体育赛事品牌可持续发展提供有益参考。%This paper uses the methods of documentary,logic analysis,to research the Dabie mountain area's sports brand development present situation, deeply analyze of Dabie mountain area sports brand development present situation, and according to the advantage of the Dabie mountain area sports brand development, the paper puts forward the local small influence,brand development problems such as less, and pays attention to the introduction and development of the sports brand; A professional operation team, training special event management talent and so on, in order to promote sustainable development of the Dabie mountain sports brand and provide some useful reference.

  3. 临床护理人员对同理心认知和应用现状的质性研究%Qualitative research on present situation on cognition and application of empathy for clinical nursing staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶丽花; 姚小群

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the present situation on cognition and application of empathy for clinical nursing staff. Method 20 clinical nursing staff receive depth interview. Analyze and arrange the information and conclude the theme by phenomenological research. Result It is generally considered among nursing staff that application of empathy in nursing care is very important But they don't have comprehensive cognition and application ability on empathy and lack normal training and education on empathy. Conclusion Cognition and application of empathy for clinical nursing staff are not enough and need to be improved.%目的 了解临床护理人员对同理心的认知和应用现状.方法 采用现象学研究法,对20名临床护理人员进行深入访谈,将获得的资料分析、整理,提炼出主题.结果 护理人员普遍认为护理工作中同理心的应用很重要,但对同理心缺乏全面的认知和应用能力,缺乏正规的同理心知识培训和教育.结论 临床护理人员对同理心的认知和应用不足,急待提高.

  4. Present Status and Development Trend of Research on Organic Coating System for Mg Alloy%镁合金有机涂层体系研究现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶军; 龙思远; 刘榆; 宋东福

    2011-01-01

    The advantages and disadvantages, anti-corrosion strategy, organic coatings and pretreatment processes of Mg alloy were described. The features and present research status of several organic coating system for Mg alloys, including chemical conversion/organic coating system, micro-arc oxidation/organic coating system, double organic coating system etc, were introduced. The development trends of organic coating system for Mg alloy were pointed out.%叙述了镁合金的优缺点、镁合金的防腐蚀策略、镁合金常用的有机涂料和预处理工艺.介绍了几种镁合金有机涂层体系(包括化学转化/有机涂层体系、微弧氧化/有机涂层体系、复合有机涂层体系等)的特点及研究现状.指出了今后镁合金有机涂层体系的发展趋势.

  5. Research on the Present Situation and Cultivation of In-dependent College Students' Ability of Autonomous ;Learning%独立学院大学生自主学习能力的现状与培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴菲菲

    2015-01-01

    This article uses investigations and interviews to ex-plore the present situation of independent college students' au-tonomous learning ability. The research results show that inde-pendent college students' autonomous learning ability is at a level below average, and the development of various dimensions of au-tonomous learning ability is not balanced. The learning plan, learning summary and learning help-seeking are all at a relative-ly low level, but the learning anxiety is in a high-level operation.%本文采用调查和访谈探查了独立学院大学生的自主学习能力的现状。研究结果表明,独立学院的大学生自主学习能力处于中等偏下水平,自主学习能力各维度发展也不平衡,其中学习计划、学习总结和学习求助处于相对较低水平,而学习焦虑却在高位运作。

  6. The Present Research Status and Prospect of Water-Retaining Controlled Release Fertilizers%保水型控释肥料的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏恩志; 牛育华; 赵冬冬

    2015-01-01

    保水型控释肥料是保水剂与肥料控释技术复合一体化的产物,在控制肥料养分释放量和释放期的同时可提高肥料的保水性。概述了保水型控释肥料的保水和控释原理,简要介绍了国内、外的研究现状,分析了目前存在的主要问题及其未来发展方向。%The water-retaining controlled release fertilizer is the product of controlled release fertilizer combined with water-retaining agent using integration technology, which is capable to control nutrients release amount and period, and along with it , the water retaining ability is increased.The principle of water-retaining and controlled releasing of water retaining controlled release fertilizer is summarized, domestic and overseas research status is briefly introduced, and major problems existing at present and future development direction are analyzed.

  7. 关于当前我国收入分配理论研究的若干问题思考%Reflection on several issues on the researches of present - day income distribution in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊山

    2012-01-01

    Theorists generally consider that since the 1990s the expansion of income distribution gap in China has gone beyond rationality. Such irrationality can be reflected in the low income of common laborers in the production section. In the entire national income, residents' income has low proportion. Theorists hold that the causes of income gap mainly include the difference in in- dividual efficiency, imperfect market system, monopoly, and the weak status of laborers etc. In their researches, people usually adopt three types of theories, i.e. western economics, Marxist political economics and general popular theories. However, there are some formality and inaccuracy in the achievements of Marxism researches, which leads to some uncertain conclusions. Al- though, the researches of general popular theory do not claim to use western economic theories clearly, they reflect the paradigm of new classical western economics fundamentally. Due to the deficiency in the theoretical tools, some generally -accepted conclu- sions which are drawn from the present researches of income distribution have lots of unscientific understandings, which brings about incorrect explanation on the causes and crux of income distribution issues. As a result, we need to correctly use and have deep understanding of the fundamental theories of Marxism so as to study income distribution issues scientifically.%理论界普遍认为90年代以来我国收入分配差距扩大已经超出了合理范围,这种不合理主要体现在生产领域的普通劳动者收入低下;在整个国民收入中,居民收入所占的比例低。理论界认为,收入差距形成的原因主要包括个人之间效率的差别、市场体制的不完善、垄断因素的存在、劳动者的弱势地位等等因素。人们在研究中运用西方经济学、马克思主义政治经济学,以及一般流行理论等三类理论。但是,在一些马克思主义的研究成果中存在着对马克思主义

  8. Workshop Presentations: Overviews

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. Additional presentations can be found on each of the associated analysis webpages. Separate pages contain...

  9. Marketing through Video Presentations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newhart, Donna

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the advantages of using video presentations as marketing tools. Includes information about video news releases, public service announcements, and sales/marketing presentations. Describes the three stages in creating a marketing video: preproduction planning; production; and postproduction. (JOW)

  10. Make Your Presentation Powerful

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Erik

    2015-01-01

    "I was planning on doing a lot of work today during your presentation, but I couldn't get anything done. I just had to pay attention!" The author received this unexpected feedback from a teacher at the end of a presentation he gave, and although he considered it a compliment, it made him reflect on the dire state of presentations in…

  11. Presenting Food Science Effectively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, Carl K.

    2016-01-01

    While the need to present food science information effectively is viewed as a critical competency for food scientists by the Institute of Food Technologists, most food scientists may not receive adequate training in this area. Effective presentations combine both scientific content and delivery mechanisms that demonstrate presenter enthusiasm for…

  12. A Research Review of Invasive Mechanism of Alien Plant Ambrosia Artemisiifolia and Its Present Situation%外来植物豚草的入侵机理研究进展及其现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏祥; 刘传才; 塔莉; 王连龙

    2015-01-01

    从外来植物的入侵性和生境的可入侵性两方面综述了外来植物豚草的入侵机理研究进展,分析了豚草在秦皇岛地区的现状,以中国环境管理干部学院新校区为例调查了人类活动干扰对豚草的影响。豚草的入侵性与其自身所具有的生理生态学特性密切相关,生境的可入侵性则与其群落特征和受干扰程度等因素有关。目前豚草是秦皇岛地区自然群落的建群种,没有表现出入侵性。新校区调查结果表明:豚草在自然群落中零星分布,但受到人类活动干扰的生境中豚草表现出一定的优势度。因此,在豚草防治中应防止人类活动的过度干扰影响,以保护当地的生态环境。%A research review was presented on invasive mechanism of alien plant Ambrosia art-emisiifolia in terms of its invasiveness and the habitat invisibility. The present situation of the plant was analyzed in Qinhuangdao region, and the new campus was taken as an example to inves-tigate the effects of human activity disturbance on A. artemisiifolia. The invasiveness of A. artemisiifolia was closely related to its ecophysiological characteristics, while the habitat invisibility was impacted by community characteristics and disturbance degree. In present, the plant was a community construction species in this region, and showed no invasion. The investigated results showed that A. artemisiifolia distributed sporadically in the natural community. However, in the habitat disturbed by human activities, the plant had relatively high advantage. Therefore, excessive human activity disturbance should be prevented to control the invasive plant, by which to protect the local ecological environment.

  13. Innovative presentations for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Anthony, Ray

    2014-01-01

    Be the speaker they follow with breakthrough innovative presentations Innovative Presentations For Dummies is a practical guide to engaging your audience with superior, creative, and ultra-compelling presentations. Using clear language and a concise style, this book goes way beyond PowerPoint to enable you to reimagine, reinvent, and remake your presentations. Learn how to stimulate, capture, and hold your audience in the palm of your hand with sound, sight, and touch, and get up to speed on the latest presentation design methods that make you a speaker who gets audiences committed and acting

  14. Present Situation of Research of Potato Diseases and Pests in Ningxia and Countermeasures for Their Prevent and Control%宁夏马铃薯病虫害研究现状及防治对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈瑞清; 郭成瑾; 张丽荣; 康萍芝; 刘浩; 张华普

    2014-01-01

    经过50多年的研究积累,系统总结了宁夏马铃薯主要病虫害的发生为害及研究现状。宁夏现已发现的马铃薯病害有12种,其中真菌性病害有5种,细菌性病害有3种,病毒病有4种,为害程度严重的有马铃薯早疫病、马铃薯晚疫病、马铃薯黑痣病和马铃薯Y病毒。宁夏马铃薯种植区虫害主要有9种,其中金龟3种,叩头虫2种,蚜虫4种,为害程度最严重的有华北大黑鳃金龟、黑皱鳃金龟、细胸叩头虫以及桃蚜。提出了以抗病虫品种选育,病虫害预测预报技术建立,脱毒种薯应用和绿色防控技术研制为主的宁夏马铃薯病虫害防治对策。%Based on over 50 years' accumulative research, this paper systematically summarized the occurrence and damage of the main diseases and pests of potato and the present situation in their researches in Ningxia. 12 kinds of potato diseases have been found in Ningxia including 5 kinds of fungal diseases, 3 kinds of bacterial diseases and 4 kinds of virus dis-eases. Potato early blight, potato late blight, potato black scurf and potato virus Y are the most harmful diseases. There are 9 kinds of main pests in potato growing areas in Ningxia, of which including 3 species of beetles, 2 species of skipjacks and 4 species of aphids. The most serious harm for potato are , , and . Some countermeasures are put forward for preventing and controlling those diseases and pests in Ningx-ia such as the resistant variety breeding, disease and pest forecasting, application of virus-free potato seeds and R&D of green prevention and control technology.

  15. 海南岛苔藓植物研究历史、现状与展望%History, Present Situation and Prospect of Bryological Research in Hainan Island, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉娜

    2014-01-01

    Hainan Island is a tropical island and the second largest island along the coast of China. The history, present situation of bryological researches in Hainan Island were reviewed. Based on published records, there are 806 species of bryophyte in Hainan Island, belonging to 227 genera of 87 families, of which 366 species in 71 genera of 33 families are liverworts, 436 species in 152 genera of 51 families are mosses, and four species in four genera of three families are hornworts. The Hainan Island bryolfora is dominant by Tropical Asian type, and has high phytogeographical similarity to Hong Kong and Taiwan. Regional studies on bryological investigations focused on Jianfengling, Bawangling and Diaoluoshan Nature Reserves. Epiphyllous liverworts is one of the commonest coenotypes of the tropical rainforests in Hainan Island, with 123 species belonging to 23 genera of seven families. There are 15 species of bryophytes from Hainan Island listed in the national red list of China. In the future, it should be considered to carry out the extensive and sustained diversity investigation, develop the researches in bryological ecology, chemistry and molecular biology, and promote the utilization and conservation of bryophytes.%综述了海南岛苔藓植物的研究历史和现状。目前海南岛已记录的苔藓植物共有87科227属806种,其中苔类33科71属366种,藓类51科152属436种,角苔类3科4属4种;苔藓植物的区系组成以热带亚洲成分为主,与香港、台湾地区的种属相似性高;对海南岛苔藓植物的研究集中在尖峰岭、霸王岭、吊罗山3个国家级自然保护区;叶附生苔是海南热带雨林主要的苔藓生态分布类型之一,共有7科23属123种;初步统计濒危苔藓植物有15种。今后应继续开展广泛和持续的物种多样性调查,从生态学、植物化学、分子生物学等领域进行研究,促进合理的开发利用和推动保护工作。

  16. Imagined futures, present lives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Anne Line; Wildermuth, Norbert

    2006-01-01

    The article is focused thematically on the uses and meanings of media for (some) young people in Recife, a million-inhabitant city in the northeast of Brazil. The article brings together the perspective of Anne Line Dalsgaard, a long-term anthropological field researcher who is familiar with the ......The article is focused thematically on the uses and meanings of media for (some) young people in Recife, a million-inhabitant city in the northeast of Brazil. The article brings together the perspective of Anne Line Dalsgaard, a long-term anthropological field researcher who is familiar...

  17. Xiangyang City Sports Resources in Colleges and Universities so Cialized Cervice Present Situation and Countermeasure Research%襄阳市高校体育资源社会化服务现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周央央; 雷鸣; 洪震

    2014-01-01

    随着高校体育专业办学内涵的不断丰富,其功能日趋多元化,它不但承担着为社会培养专门人才和科学研究的重任,还需要担负起服务社会和文化传承与创新的责任。本文运用文献资料、实地调查、访谈、逻辑分析等研究方法,对襄阳市高校体育资源社会化服务的现状进行了分析研究,认为:高校人力资源、场地设施、器材设备以及体育物质文化活动等资源较为丰富,但受到传统观念、管理制度、高校地里位置等因素制约,使高校丰富的体育资源不能很好地服务于社会。提出了高校体育教学内容应以职业能力为核心优化方案;培养实践型人才,为高校体育资源社会化服务作铺垫;创办大学生俱乐部;加强学校和各行业合作,加强高校体育文化多元化建设,提高社会化服务能力等对策建议。%With the enrichment of university sports professional education connotation, its function has become increasingly diversified, it is not only to cultivate specialized talents for the society and the important task of scientific research, also need to take the responsibility of the service the social and cultural inheritance and innovation. This paper USES literature, field survey, interview, logic analysis and other research methods, to xiangyang city, analyzed the present situation of sports resources in colleges and universities socialized service research, think: the university human resources, facilities, equipment, and sports material culture activities such as resource is rich, but influenced by traditional ideas, management system, the field position of colleges and universities and other factors, make the rich sports resources in colleges and universities can't very well in the service of society. Proposed the university sports teaching content should be vocational ability as the core optimization; Cultivate specialized talents oriented, foreshadowing

  18. CERN Electronics Pool presentations

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    The CERN Electronics Pool has organised a series of presentations in collaboration with oscilloscope manufacturers. The last one will take place according to the schedule below.   Time will be available at the end of the presentation to discuss your personal needs. The Agilent presentation had to be postponed and will be organised later. -     Lecroy: Thursday, 24 November 2011, in 530-R-030, 14:00 to 16:30.

  19. Behavioural present value

    OpenAIRE

    Krzysztof Piasecki

    2013-01-01

    Impact of chosen behavioural factors on imprecision of present value is discussed here. The formal model of behavioural present value is offered as a result of this discussion. Behavioural present value is described here by fuzzy set. These considerations were illustrated by means of extensive numerical case study. Finally there are shown that in proposed model the return rate is given, as a fuzzy probabilistic set.

  20. Presentation skills for nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulkes, Mark

    2015-02-20

    This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters.

  1. 水泥基渗透结晶材料的研究与应用现状%The Present Research and Application of Cement Based Permeated Crystalline Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚晓华; 敬登虎

    2015-01-01

    针对混凝土结构面临的各种问题以及加固后再使用过程中面临的问题,介绍了水泥基渗透结晶材料的作用机理以及渗透深度,并探讨了水泥基渗透结晶材料对混凝土性能的影响以及面临的机遇和未来的挑战等。结果表明,水泥基渗透结晶材料从理论上来说是一种很好的加固材料,不仅能够改善混凝土现阶段的性能,并且能够抵御后续使用过程中面临的各种环境问题,但是未来混凝土技术的发展趋势,使得水泥基渗透结晶材料面临着严峻的挑战。%According to the various issues of concrete structure and some problems related to it after being strengthened , the working mechanism and the penetration depth of the cement based permeated crystalline material were introduced . Furthermore the effect of this material on the properties of the concrete and the opportunities as well as the challenges for its application in the future were also discussed .The research results indicate that the cement based permeated crystalline material in theory is a good strengthening material ,which not only can improve the performance of concrete at the present stage ,but also has the ability to resist various environmental problems emerged in the course of future process .However , with the development of concrete technology in the future ,the cement based permeated crystalline material is facing very severe challenges .

  2. Conjugando el presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Rojas Herazo

    1968-06-01

    Full Text Available La añoranza suele ser, casi siempre, la línea critica de menor resistencia. El lema de que "todo tiempo pasado fue mejor" tiene un poco la culpa. En cualquier orden del conocimiento el pasado sigue el verdadero presente. Ese presente en que nos gusta respirar y vivir. Nada de compromiso circundante. Nada de inmediatez.

  3. Presentism meets black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Romero, Gustavo E

    2014-01-01

    Presentism is, roughly, the metaphysical doctrine that maintains that whatever exists, exists in the present. The compatibility of presentism with the theories of special and general relativity was much debated in recent years. It has been argued that at least some versions of presentism are consistent with time-orientable models of general relativity. In this paper we confront the thesis of presentism with relativistic physics, in the strong gravitational limit where black holes are formed. We conclude that the presentist position is at odds with the existence of black holes and other compact objects in the universe. A revision of the thesis is necessary, if it is intended to be consistent with the current scientific view of the universe.

  4. Workshop Presentations: HIRENASD Analysts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. They detail the analytical results generated by each of the participating analysis teams for the HIRENASD.

  5. Workshop Presentations: BSCW Analysts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. They detail the analytical results generated by each of the participating analysis teams for the...

  6. Workshop Presentations: RSW Analysts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. They detail the analytical results generated by each of the participating analysis teams for the...

  7. Flat strips. A case presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Espinosa Jiménez

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available This research paper presents a case of a 12 year old . Give with Angle´s Malocclusion class II, division I, with a 10 mms protuberance and an overpass of complete crown to whom a functional device with plane trail was applied . At 8 months follow up molar relation class I , a 4 mms protuberance and an overpass of the third part of the crown is observed. These results have been assessed as a satisfactory evolution of the patient.

  8. Communication and presentation skills

    OpenAIRE

    Lorencová, Ivana

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with individual factors of communication and basic presentations skills. The theoretical part specifies the basic elements of verbal and non-verbal communication and basic factors connected with preparation and realisation of a presentation. The practical part of the thesis comprises an analysis of impacts of speaker's visual and other communication influences over an audience. The results are applied to a Multimedia Display exhibition taking place during the bachel...

  9. Crystallography: past and present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodeau, J.-L.; Guinebretiere, R.

    2007-12-01

    structure (chemical order, anisotropy, charge transfer, magnetic order) versus an external parameter like temperature, pressure, magnetic or electric field. Modern crystallography is also extended to the study of very small crystals, powders, ill-ordered or non-crystallized materials. Thus presently, crystallography is concerned with any solid that “scatters” an incident beam. Nevertheless, as quoted by A. Guinier, “the problems facing crystallographers have only changed, ... new ones have appeared which require reflection and imagination, ... and which in turn may still bring much joy to all those who like crystallography” [4]. Such developments open up crystallography to modern materials like artificial ones and nanostructures with low- and/or multi-scaled-periodicities and/or extremely small “crystal size” and to materials of the “real world”, with mixtures of phases and/or amorphous contribution and/or defects, a common characteristic of ancient materials analysed in patrimonial research. In our contribution we will show by selected examples that these improvements were allowed (i) by the use of powerful sources, apparatus and detectors which allow micro-diffraction, in-situ diffraction, spectroscopy, resonant scattering, inelastic scattering, coherent scattering, (ii) by the development of methods like diffraction anomalous fine structure (DAFS), pair distribution function (PDF), simulated annealing, single object reconstruction, (iii) by combination of scattering and spectroscopy and by combination of scattering and microscopy. Such combination of different approaches is very efficient and, as said by H. Curien at the IUCr Bordeaux Congress in 1990, “in crystallography, there is a constant alternation between the crystal space and its associated reciprocal space, ... the alternation between experiment and model building is another feature of crystallography activity ..., the crystallographer relies both on his computer and on his diffractometer

  10. PRESENT CLINICAL RESEARCH SITUATION OF ADJACENT SEGMENT DEGENERATION AFTER LUMBAR SPINAL FUSION%腰椎融合术后邻近节段退变的临床研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    双峰; 侯树勋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To review the present clinical research situation of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) after lumbar spinal fusion. Methods The recent literature concerning ASD in the concept, the incidence, the risk factors, and prevention was reviewed. Results The concept of ASD includes radiographic ASD and clinical ASD. The incidences of radiographic ASD and clinical ASD were 8%-100% and 5.2%-18.5%, respectively. The risk factors for ASD include both patient and surgical factors. Patient factors include age, gender, preoperative condition, and so on. Surgical factors include the length of the fusion, mode of fusion, internal fixator, sagittal balance, excessive distraction of disc space, and so on. It can prevent ASD to reduce the length of the fusion, to keep sagittal balance, and to use the non-fusion technology. Conclusion Many researches have proved that the incidence of ASD is increased after lumbar spinal fusion, and it can be reduced by the non-fusion technology. Non-fusion technology has obtained good short-term results. But the long-term results should be further observed because there are some complications.%目的 对腰椎融合术后出现邻近节段退变(adjacent segment degeneration,ASD)的临床研究现状进行综述. 方法 查阅近年关于腰椎融合术后出现ASD的概念、发生率、相关影响因素和预防等方面的文献,并进行综述. 结果 ASD的概念包括影像学ASD和临床症状ASD,腰椎融合术后影像学ASD发生率可达8%~100%,临床症状ASD发生率为5.2%~18.5%.ASD的发生与个体因素(年龄、性别、术前情况等)和手术因素(融合节段长短、融合术式、内固定使用、矢状面平衡、椎间隙过度撑开等)相关.术中减少融合节段、维持矢状面平衡以及非融合技术的应用可预防ASD的发生. 结论 腰椎融合术后ASD发生率增高.非融合技术的应用降低了ASD的发生率,取得了较好的近期临床效果,但也存在一些并发症,

  11. Stellar Presentations (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) The AAVSO is in the process of expanding its education, outreach and speakers bureau program. powerpoint presentations prepared for specific target audiences such as AAVSO members, educators, students, the general public, and Science Olympiad teams, coaches, event supervisors, and state directors will be available online for members to use. The presentations range from specific and general content relating to stellar evolution and variable stars to specific activities for a workshop environment. A presentation—even with a general topic—that works for high school students will not work for educators, Science Olympiad teams, or the general public. Each audience is unique and requires a different approach. The current environment necessitates presentations that are captivating for a younger generation that is embedded in a highly visual and sound-bite world of social media, twitter and U-Tube, and mobile devices. For educators, presentations and workshops for themselves and their students must support the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), the Common Core Content Standards, and the Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) initiative. Current best practices for developing relevant and engaging powerpoint presentations to deliver information to a variety of targeted audiences will be presented along with several examples.

  12. 湖北省地质公园开发现状与发展对策研究%Research of Present Developing State and the Countermeasures of Hubei's Geological Parks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊继红

    2011-01-01

    随着世界旅游业的发展,以地质遗迹保护为主的地质公园在全球范围内迅速发展,我国也大力开展地质公园建设。湖北省地质旅游资源丰富,地质公园发展却处于初始阶段,资源开发不平衡,缺乏有效管理是目前的劣势,地质公园需求扩大、政府积极支持是面临的机遇,宣传促销不力、缺乏品牌优势是发展的威胁。应从资源勘探、统筹策划,从业人员培训、严格园区管理,加强宣传促销、打造优势品牌,开展科学研究、普及地学知识等方面逐步推进地质公园建设。%With the development of world's tourism,the geological parks,taking protection of geological relics as subject,have developed rapidly in the world scope,and our country has also started constructing the parks.Hubei is full of rich geological tourist resources.Its development is in the initial stage with present disadvantage in resources development imbalance,and poor effective management.Hubei now is facing the chance of increasing demand for the parks and active support from provincial government.The threats of development are poor propaganda and promotion together with the shortage of the brand advantage.The government should gradually promote constructing geological parks by exploring resource and planning overall,training the employees and being strict with management the parks,strengthening propaganda and promotion and creating excellent brand,making scientific research and popularizing geological knowledge,etc.

  13. The psychological present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, L J

    1992-01-01

    The present paper compares behavior-analytic and cognitive treatments of the concept of psychological history with regard to its role in current action. Both treatments take the position that the past bears some responsibility for the present, and are thereby obligated to find a means of actualizing the past in the present. Both do so by arguing that the past is brought to bear in the present via the organism. Although the arguments of the two positions differ on this issue, neither provides a complete account. An unconventional treatment of psychological history is proposed, the logic of which is exemplified in anthropological, biological, and psychological perspectives. The unconventional treatment in psychological perspective holds that (a) the organism's interaction with its environment, not the organism itself, changes with experience; and (b) the past interactions of an organism exist as, and only as, the present interactions of that organism. This solution to the problem of psychological history provides obligations and opportunities for analysis that are not available when the more conventional positions of cognitivism and behavior analysis are adopted.

  14. TUBERCULOSIS PRESENTING AS EPIGLOTTITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FAHIM AHMED SHAH

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare case of laryngeal tuberculosis in Oman Tuberculous affection of larynx is un-common in Oman and is rarely been reported. Tuberculosis is a chronic illness, acute clinical presentation is unusual. We report the case of a thirty One year old lady, post renal transplant with tuberculous involvement of the larynx, who presented with symptoms and clinical signs of acute epiglottitis. ENT examination showed initially a severely swollen epiglottis which turned nodular in about two weeks. The patient had been on immunosuppressive medications and glucocorticoids post renal trans-plant. Tuberculosis still presents sporadically in countries where the overall incidence of tuber-culosis is much lower as compared to developing countries. A strong index of suspicion is needed in immunocompromised patients with suboptimal response to routine medications. Diagnostic difficulty in this peculiar situation with differential diagnosis and management of laryngeal tuberculosis is discussed along with review of literature.

  15. Action Research and Interactive Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, lennart; Nielsen, Kurt Aagaard

    2006-01-01

    The authors present trends in Nordic action research. They ask critical questions in the development towards mode 2 and points out alternative roads for a scientific consolidation of action research and interactive research.......The authors present trends in Nordic action research. They ask critical questions in the development towards mode 2 and points out alternative roads for a scientific consolidation of action research and interactive research....

  16. Redundant Information Presentation in Hypertext Learning Environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezdan, Eniko; Kester, Liesbeth; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Bezdan, E., Kester, L., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, 29 August). Redundant Information Presentation in Hypertext Learning Environments. Presentation at the pre-conference of the Junior Researchers of EARLI, Exeter, United Kingdom.

  17. The Earth: Present Scenario

    OpenAIRE

    Nishad Gopal Deshpande

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the present scenario of our motherly loved planet ‘Earth’ is presented. We are living in one of the most developed phases of the Earth’s life cycle. The choices we make today will determine the life on the Earth, tomorrow. Problems that are been created by us and the consequences we are going to face are discussed in length. Some statistical data is provided to get a brief idea. Measure/prevention(s) to combat the upcoming problems have been putforth.

  18. [Atypical presentation of preeclampsia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditisheim, A; Boulvain, M; Irion, O; Pechère-Bertschi, A

    2015-09-09

    Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-related syndrome, which still represents one of the major causes of maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis can be made difficult due to the complexity of the disorder and its wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. In order to provide an efficient diagnostic tool to the clinician, medical societies regularly rethink the definition criteria. However, there are still clinical presentations of preeclampsia that escape the frame of the definition. The present review will address atypical forms of preeclampsia, such as preeclampsia without proteinuria, normotensive preeclampsia, preeclampsia before 20 weeks of gestation and post-partum preeclampsia.

  19. Book Presentation | 27 February

    CERN Multimedia

    The CERN Library

    2013-01-01

    "A caccia del bosone di Higgs. Magneti, governi, scienziati e particelle nell'impresa scientifica del secolo" by Luciano Maiani and Romeo Bassoli, published by Mondadori. On Wednesday 27 February Luciano Maiani will present the book "A caccia del bosone di Higgs. Magneti, governi, scienziati e particelle nell'impresa scientifica del secolo". More information here. The presentation will take place in the Council Chamber at 16.00 and will be followed by a debate and book signing. The book will be on sale. You are cordially invited.

  20. Plenary presentations - opening remarks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simon, R.M.

    1993-12-31

    I am pleased to be here today as one of the U.S. Co-Chairs for the Second U.S./Japan Workshop on Global Change. This series of workshops is an outgrowth of the 1988 bilateral agreement between the U.S. and Japanese governments on scientific and technological cooperation. That agreement called for comparable access to, and exchange of, information in scientific and technological fields, as well as the joint undertaking of cooperative activities for peaceful purposes in nationally important areas of science and technology. Meetings such as this were envisioned under the agreement to allow experts from both sides to discuss and exchange information on scientific and technological aspects of important problems and to identify research and development projects that might usefully be undertaken on a cooperative basis. The first U.S./Japan Workshop on Global Change focused on research needed to better understand how the global climate system operates, what the interactions are between the climate system and marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and how Earth systems might respond to global climatic changes.

  1. Presentation design: pecha kucha

    OpenAIRE

    Aníbal, J.

    2011-01-01

    Global presentation phenomena has started in 2003. Pecha Kucha: change in attitude • wonderfully creative • unconventional way “to do PowerPoint". Design is about people creating solutions that help or improve the lives of other people. "Design is not an art although there is art in it", Garr Reynolds.

  2. Neurosyphilis: Various Presentations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kezban Aslan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Neurosphylisis develops in about 5 % of untreated patients infected with Treponema pallidum. Spirocet, disseminates systemically hours to days after inoculation. Early invasion to central nervous system can be seen in infected patients without symptomatic. In these lecture we presented three patients with different complain. The patients have had; diplopia, headache and blurred vision, numness and slimming of legs.

  3. Presentation of 2004 earnings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-03-01

    This presentation offers financial information on the AREVA Group earnings for the year 2004. With manufacturing facilities in over 40 countries and a sales network in over 100, Areva offers customers technological solutions for nuclear power generation and electricity transmission and distribution. The Group also provides interconnect systems to the telecommunications, computer and automotive markets. (A.L.B.)

  4. Generating Embodied Information Presentations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theune, M.; Heylen, D.; Nijholt, A.; Stock, O.; Zancanaro, M.

    2005-01-01

    The output modalities available for information presentation by embodied, human-like agents include both language and various nonverbal cues such as pointing and gesturing. These human, nonverbal modalities can be used to emphasize, extend or even replace the language output produced by the agent. T

  5. Managing Presentation Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Jackie L.; LeMay, Elaine

    2004-01-01

    All business communication professors struggle with anxiety-ridden students when discussing public speaking. To alleviate students' fears of speaking in public a process was designed to allow business communication students to acknowledge, address, and annul their presentation fears. A six-year comparative study using qualitative methods and…

  6. Fleet DNA (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walkokwicz, K.; Duran, A.

    2014-06-01

    The Fleet DNA project objectives include capturing and quantifying drive cycle and technology variation for the multitude of medium- and heavy-duty vocations; providing a common data storage warehouse for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle fleet data across DOE activities and laboratories; and integrating existing DOE tools, models, and analyses to provide data-driven decision making capabilities. Fleet DNA advantages include: for Government - providing in-use data for standard drive cycle development, R&D, tech targets, and rule making; for OEMs - real-world usage datasets provide concrete examples of customer use profiles; for fleets - vocational datasets help illustrate how to maximize return on technology investments; for Funding Agencies - ways are revealed to optimize the impact of financial incentive offers; and for researchers -a data source is provided for modeling and simulation.

  7. Scleroderma. A case presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Bembibre Taboada

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a brief review about generalized sclerosis (sclerodermia and reports a case with such disease talking into consideration that the patient received clinical intensive care assistaance and had a clinical diagnosis supoported by lab test for a clinical and differential diagnosis. Medical treatment was applied for the disease and for the possible complications, but the patients follow up was wrong due to multi organ failure as a consequence of derlying disease.

  8. EPIDEMIOLOGY LENSES : A PRESENTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prakash V. Kotecha

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The presentation started with his nostalgic memory with Professor NR Mehta, Professor DH Trivedi and Professor AK Niyogi with whom he had the opportunity to work as a student and then as a colleague. He refreshed his memory as warden of Dr. Jivraj Mehta Hall where his predecessors were Prof NR Mehta and Professor DH Trivedi and he remembered to be the first time examiner with Prof. Niyogi who was examiner with him for the last time in his career .....

  9. Presentation = Speech + Slides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derik Badman

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Back in October, Aaron Schmidt posted “HOWTO give a good presentation” to his blog walking paper. His second bullet point of “thoughts” on good presentations is: Please don’t fill your slides with words. Find some relevant and pretty pictures to support what you’re saying. You can use the pictures to remind yourself what you’re going [...

  10. Ground Vehicle Robotics Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    Mr. Jim Parker Associate Director Ground Vehicle Robotics Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release Report Documentation Page...Briefing 3. DATES COVERED 01-07-2012 to 01-08-2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Ground Vehicle Robotics Presentation 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT...ABSTRACT Provide Transition-Ready, Cost-Effective, and Innovative Robotics and Control System Solutions for Manned, Optionally-Manned, and Unmanned

  11. Cystosarcoma phyllodess. Case presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Torres Ajá

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available A 12 year-old patient is presented, with tumor of the left breast of 11,7 cms, of quick growth, without another accompanying sintomatology, which was diagnosed as cystosarcoma phyllodess benign. In the twenty-five years of existence of our hospital, it is the first tumor phyllodes detected in girl, for that is considered a curious and interesting case that can enrich the experience of other professionals of the health.

  12. Tuberous Sclerosis: Multiple Presentations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sanei Taheri

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal do-minant genetic disorder that involves multiple or-gans. The predominant lesions are the hamartomas. Classically tuberous sclerosis has been characterized by a classic clinical triad of facial angiofibromas in 90%,retardation in 50-80%,seizure 80-90% and all three in 30%."nThe disease occurs in 1:100,000 persons in all races with nearly equal distribution between the sexes. "nCase Presentation: We had six patients who admitted with different presentations of tuberous sclerosis with a past history of convulsion from childhood, skin le-sions and mental retardation, also with new onset headache and changed pattern of convulsion. In physical examination facial angiofibromas and sub-ungual fibromas apparently detected. Brain CT scan study with contrast showed multiple calcified nod-ules associated with tubers and ventriculomegaly, also an enhancing enlarged nodule at foramen of mo-nro, which was suggestive of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SGCA. In abdominal and pelvic CT scan and ultrasonography, massive bilateral angio-myolipomatosis diagnosed. Also Focal hypodense le-sions in liver which were hyperechoic in ultrasono-graphy were diagnosed. With MRI study tubers, white matter lesions and subependymal nodules asso-ciated with SGCA were detected better. After surgery SGCA was proved."nDiscussion: Our patients had different presentations and various findings of this spectrum discussed in this lecture.

  13. The research and analysis from the present situation of nursing students' mobile learning%护理专业学生移动学习现状的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄营英; 龙燕芹; 李淑云

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解学生经常采用的移动学习设备、移动学习的态度与行为,以期对移动学习系统和学习资源的开发提供一定参考.方法 通过调查问卷的形式,对护理专业学生移动学习现状进行调查.结果 约2/3的学生非常渴望有针对性的移动教程.绝大部分的学生都认为资源多,但并不满意.超过2/3的学生几乎每天都用手机上网(主要为阅读网页和用聊天软件与同学交流,看/写博客比例最低).超过60%的学生移动学习的时间不超过10 min,1/3的学生在10~30 min.关于每月愿意花在移动学习上的费用,比例最高的是10元以内,占总人数的1/3.本科生和专科生比较,本科生手机支持上网的比例要高于专科生,本科生更多地阅读网页和看多媒体,更多地希望课件长度在2~5 min等.结论 护理专业学生已经具备了较好的移动学习硬件条件.学生对移动学习非常认可.当前移动学习资源多而乱,缺乏设计,阻碍了移动学习的发展.移动学习课程宜短小精悍、丰富多彩.移动博客在移动学习中的应用设计有待加强.总体来讲,本科生比专科生更加主动地将移动学习融入他们的学习和生活中.%Objective The research is to understand students' mobile learning (M-learning) attitudes and behaviors,and provide a reference for the development of mobile learning systems and learning resources.Methods The research used the method of questionnaires to investigate nursing students' present situation of M-learning.Results About 2/3 of the students were so eager to have targeted mobile tutorial course.Most of the students were not satisfied though there were a lot of resources.More than 2/3 of the students used telephone to surf on the internet almost every day (mainly on reading web pages and communicate with classmates using chat software,see / write blog lowest).The mobile learning time of more than 60% students was not more than 10 minutes.1

  14. Que hay de nuevo acerca de la inmersion? Un Breve Recorrido por sus Fundamentos y por las Investigaciones Actuales (What's New in Immersion? A Brief Overview of Its Bases and Present-Day Research).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierra, Josu

    This discussion briefly surveys the development of the immersion method of second language teaching, outlining the central program strategies and characteristics using Curtain's and Pesola's descriptions. An overview of recent research focuses on error correction and feedback studies as an example of pedagogical-methodological evolution in this…

  15. Analysis of the present research status and key technology of the humanoid emotion-interactive countenance robot%仿人情感交互表情机器人研究现状及关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯显信; 尚宇峰; 卢孔笔

    2013-01-01

    仿人情感交互表情机器人作为当前智能机器人研究领域中热门的研究方向之一,引起了广泛的关注。为了更加深入地研究仿人表情机器人,对日本、美国、欧盟和国内表情机器人的一些研究成果做了总结。分析了仿人情感交互表情机器人研究的理论框架和关键技术。最后,探讨了未来的发展趋势,对今后的研究方向提出了几点看法。%An increasing amount of research is being focused on the contemporary field of robotic intelligence .As a result, the humanoid emotion-interactive countenance robot is attracting wider attention .This paper summarizes some of the research achievements regarding the countenance robot in Japan , the USA, the European Union and China .Additionally this paper analyzes the theoretical framework and key technology of the research for the human-oid emotion-interactive countenance robot , and finally the authors discuss the future development trends and put forward some opinions on the future direction of the research .

  16. Presenting Newtonian gravitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Counihan, Martin [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)

    2007-11-15

    The basic principles of the Newtonian theory of gravitation are presented in a way which students may find more logically coherent, mathematically accessible and physically interesting than other approaches. After giving relatively simple derivations of the circular hodograph and the elliptical orbit from the inverse-square law, the concept of gravitational energy is developed from vector calculus. It is argued that the energy density of a gravitational field may reasonably be regarded as -g{sup 2}/8{pi}G, and that the inverse-square law may be replaced by a Schwarzschild-like force law without the need to invoke non-Euclidean geometry.

  17. Xeroderma pigmentosum. Case presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damaris Díaz Leonard

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Twelve years old patient (YGS, female, white, of rural origin; with history of facial and truncal bullae since the age of eight months when exposed to the sun light. It was first diagnosed as solar dermatitis. At the age of 6 it was assessed as xeroderma pigmentosum. This diagnosis was confirmed at the age of 10 by the histopathology department and reassessed by the National Reference Centre. For the infrequency of this disease, a bibliographic revision was carried out to make a report for this case presentation.

  18. Exit Presentation -- Maintaining Balance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heap, Erin

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the projects which the author engaged in during an internship at Johnson Space Center. Project 1 was involved with Stochastic Resonance (SR). Stochastic resonance is a phenomenon in which the response of a non-linear system to a weak input signal is optimized by the presence of a particular non-zero level of noise. The goal of this project was to develop a countermeasure for sensorimotor disturbances that are experienced after long duration space flight. The second project was a pilot study that was to examine how adaptation to a novel functional task was affected by postural disturbance.

  19. Toxocariasis Presenting as Encephalomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Helsen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a farmer who presented with a clinical picture of a transverse thoracic myelitis. MRI showed inflammatory lesions in brain and thoracic spinal cord. Toxocariasis was suspected because of eosinophilia in blood and cerebrospinal fluid, and this diagnosis was confirmed immunologically. He was successfully treated with antihelminthics in combination with corticosteroids. Neurotoxocariasis is rare and diagnosis can be difficult because of the different and atypical clinical manifestations. It should be considered in every case of central neurological syndrome associated with eosinophilia.

  20. ITPACK project: Past, present, and future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kincaid, D.R.; Hayes, L.J.; Young, D.M. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31

    A status report is given on past, present, and future work in the development of research-oriented software packages. The authors` current and future work involves the following areas of research and associated software development: (1) Parallel Iterative Software Using Kernels; (2) Visual Programming; (3) Research on Iterative Algorithms; (4) Objective-oriented Design. The overall objective of this research is to advance iterative methods software technology.

  1. Bad (Re)Presentations

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    This time, we would like to address copyright violations (again) - but with a twist. While previous articles focussed on “Music, videos and the risk for CERN” or on software licences, the focus is now on using photos, music and images “found” on the Web for presentations, publications and web pages…   Just recently, a video produced for CERN and published on YouTube and Facebook used background music from a contemporary popular artist. However, the people responsible failed to obtain the appropriate permission to actually use that music. They thought that having bought it on iTunes was sufficient. But it was not: “buying” means you have the right to listen, but not the right for further distribution or re-publication. As a result, the videos were pulled from YouTube and Facebook. Similarly, how many of us integrate graphics and images “found” on the Web into our presentations?  How many of us...

  2. PREFACE: Young Researcher Meeting in Rome 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, Fabio; Cattani, Giordano; Mazzaferro, Luca; Migliaccio, Marina; Pietrobon, Davide; Ricci Pacifici, Daniel; Stellato, Francesco; Veneziani, Marcella

    2012-10-01

    Conference logo At its third edition, the Young Researcher Meeting in Rome (YRMR) proves to be a growing event in the Italian scientific panorama. The high-quality content of the abstracts submitted to the scientific committee resulted in an exciting conference, held, for the second time, at the University of Rome 'Tor Vergata' on 20 January 2012. A busy schedule covered a large variety of cutting-edge science topics: fundamental interactions, particle physics, cosmology, astrophysics, condensed matter and biomedical physics. The broad range of the subjects discussed is the distinctive feature of the YRMR, a meeting aimed at enhancing the synergy among complementary branches of science by stimulating a fruitful exchange between theoretical, experimental and computational physics. Promoting collaborations between PhD students, postdoctoral fellows and young researchers creates a solid scientific network with an open-minded approach to discovery. In this volume, we collect the contributions that have been presented both in the form of talks and of posters. YRMR Organising and Editorial Committee Fabio Agostini (fabio.agostini@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Giordano Cattani (giordano.cattani@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' INFN sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Luca Mazzaferro (luca.mazzaferro@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' INFN sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Marina Migliaccio (migliaccio@ifca.unican.es) Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, Edificio Juan Jorda, Avenida de los Castros, E-39005 Santander, Cantabria Spain Davide Pietrobon (davide.pietrobon@jpl.nasa.gov) Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology 4800 Oak Grove Drive 169-237 91109 Pasadena, CA USA Daniel Ricci Pacifici

  3. Summaries of Presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This two-day conference on the ecology of the Columbia River Reservoirs was organized by the Columbia Mountains Institute of Applied Ecology. Presentations focused on key differences between the former natural river system and the current system of reservoirs now comprising much of the Columbia River. The first day of the workshop consisted of presentations at the Revelstoke Community Centre. The second day included a choice of field trips to the Columbia River Flats to hear about BC Hydro's revegetation program and the bird migration monitoring station; a tour of the revegetation work at the Illeciwaet Greenbelt; a tour of the Revelstoke Dam; or a canoe trip. The workshop was financially supported by Fisheries Renewal BC, through the Columbia-Kootenay Fisheries Renewal Partnership. The list of papers presented were: (1) The value of the Columbia River to the First Nations' by Wilfred Jacob of the Ktunaxa-Kinbasket Tribal Council, (2) 'Big River Ecology' by Jack Stanford of the University of Montana, (3) 'Sinixt Nation perspective on the Columbia River' by Marilyn James of the Sinixt Nation, (4) 'Cottonwood floodplain ecology - Current status and restoration options' by Bob Jamieson of BioQuest International Consulting Ltd., (5) 'Wildlife and reservoirs in the Kootenay Region' by Ray Dichromium of Ecodomain Consulting, (6) 'Operational Regime of the Columbia River - How much flexibility is there to manage biological resources?' by Ralph Legge of BC Hydro, (7) 'Biological implications of the current operational regime - Management options' by Gary Birch of BC Hydro, (8) 'Challenge of managing fisheries in the Columbia River' by Jay Hammond of the BC Ministry of Environment, (9) 'Ecology and genetics of wild fish and their interaction with hatcheries' by Mart Gross of the University of Toronto, (10) 'Fertilization as a mitigation option for nutrient depletion' by Ken

  4. Parathyroid adenoma. Case presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Olivera Fajardo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Parathyroid Adenoma is a non-malignant tumor of the thyroid glands, which increases the levels of parathormone. This hormone regulates blood and bone levels of calcium, phosphorus and Vitamin D. Its classic triad is characterized by the increase of the levels of parathormone, hyperkalimia and Hipophosphatemia. This entity affects between 500-1000 inhabitants and is the main cause of primary Hyperparathyroidism in about 80-85% of the patients. It is presented a case of a 69 year old female patient, admitted due to pathologic fractures of hip, clavicle, and fingers, caused by primary hyperparathyroidism originated by parathyroid adenoma. For the low incidence of this entity, its publication is considered of interest for the scientific staff.

  5. Tuberous sclerosis. Case presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Caridad Cabrera Acea

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A mixed race female, 34 years of age was attended due to papule lesions in the facial area between one and ten mm of diameter. These lesions were flat, with skin colour, symmetrically distributed in the central part of the face (cheeks, chin and nose, of soft texture with telangiectasia. She referred to present these lesions since she was seven years of age, and three months before attending to consultation she noticed an increase in the number and size of these lesions. The patient has a normal intelligence coefficient and declared family history of these lesions. The diagnosis was sebaceous adenoma. Since this is not a frequent disease and due to the patient’s age we decided to publish this case.

  6. RESRAD model presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, C.; Faillace, E.; Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Wallo, A. III; Williams, W.A.; Peterson, H.; Domotor, S. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1998-05-01

    RESRAD was one of the multimedia models selected by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to include in its workshop on radiation dose modeling and demonstration of compliance with the radiological criteria for license termination. This paper is a summary of the presentation made at the workshop and focuses on the 10 questions the NRC distributed to all participants prior to the workshop. The code selection criteria, which were solicited by the NRC, for demonstrating compliance with the license termination rule are also included. Among the RESRAD family of codes, RESRAD and RESRAD-BUILD are designed for evaluating radiological contamination in soils and in buildings. Many documents have been published to support the use of these codes. This paper focuses on these two codes. The pathways considered, the databases and parameters used, quality control and quality assurance, benchmarking, verification and validation of these codes, and capabilities as well as limitations of these codes are discussed in detail.

  7. 护理学硕士研究生择业效能感研究现状%The present condition of research on career - selection self - efficacy of nursing postgraduate students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩剑童; 王燕

    2012-01-01

    The occupational choice process of nursing postgraduate student was a complicated psychology process.The studies of career - selection self - efficacy was helpful to improve competence in career and reduce pressure.This article summarized the related research of career - selection self - efficacy both at home and abroad.It introduced the concept of career - selection self - efficacy and the meaning of study on career - selection self - efficacy of nursing master postgraduate.It summarized instruments of study and research status quo of career - selection self - efficacy.And it put forward some questions on research of career - selection self- efficacy.%护理研究生的择业过程是一个复杂的心理过程,对其择业效能感的研究有助于提高择业能力以及减小择业心理压力.本文对国内外择业效能感的相关研究进行了综述,从择业效能感的概念,护理学研究生择业效能感研究的意义,择业效能感的研究工具,护理研究生择业效能感的研究现状方面进行探讨并提出研究中的问题.

  8. Country Presentation Pakistan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gill Akhtar, Khalida [Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, PS, QA/QC, 44400 Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2008-07-01

    Facilities for Production of Radioisotopes: - New facility for the production of Molybdenum-99, - Facility (dry distillation) for the production of Iodine-131, - Facility (wet distillation) for the production of Iodine-131, - Facility for the production of Iodine-131 capsules, - Clean laboratory for the production of {sup 99m}Tc Generators, - Facility for the production of {sup 32}P. Radiopharmaceuticals are supplied to 13 NMC and 14 other Hospitals. Needs: Pakistan has acute shortage of energy i.e. electricity and fuel. Thermal power is very expensive and hydropower is not possible because of nuclear energy to look after growing energy needs of country. Pakistan needs nuclear energy in the field of medical, biology and agriculture needs to irradiate disease and increase in agricultural production by irradiation of seeds and other methods. Education: Extensive research is needed to find out necessity of nuclear energy in common transport like nuclear submarine and launching of satellite trough nuclear energy. Pakistan ha very limited facility for importing nuclear education. Facility of nuclear education is the need of the day and it should be set up at all universities. Training facility is available in PEACE but should concentrate on establishing good Institutes through out Pakistan. WiN Pakistan is a recent phenomenon in Pakistan. Awareness increased after the WiN Canada. meeting where sponsorship to participate was kindly sponsored by Canada. Currently there are 70 members registered with Win Global. General Activities: This is being done by the IAEA sponsored Regional Training Courses, Seminars and Conferences in Pakistan. A number of activities are in progress for awareness creation in general public and end users about the safety of the nuclear techniques as well as advantages. Women are playing a very proactive role. WIN Pakistan need to organize as number of participants are increasing. Make conscious effort to involve more women. Organize the WiN Pakistan structure

  9. THE UPSIDE OF PRESENTISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Fendler

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presentismo es visto generalmente como un mal necesario en historiografía. Este artículo explora lo positivo de esta inevitabilidad. Aplicando un enfoque filosófico al análisis discursivo en la tradición de la nueva historia cultural, se distingue -de una parte-¿ entre un uso estratégico del presentismo, y -de otra- un enfoque racionalista en historia. El artículo concluye considerando algunas implicaciones políticas en historiografía de las explicaciones racionalistas y de las explicaciones estratégicamente presentistas. Los modos de comprensión racionalistas inscriben las expectativas del pasado en las visiones del futuro; asignando al historiador el papel de profeta; y perpetuando nociones de agentes ahistóricos. En contraste, las historias estratégicamente presentistas incorporan una orientación que deliberadamente emplea las lentes y perspectivas del presente en orden a tener en cuenta supuestos y perspectivas actuales. Cuando las asunciones son examinadas en relación a las perspectivas presentistas, dichos presupuestos sueltan su rienda en el pensamiento. Dado que el presentismo es inevitable, no debe ser desestimado por completo, sino que debe ser una cuestión sondeada y examinada críticamente. Con dicho foco, el presentismo estratégico en la historiografía debe posibilitar una reflexión sobre los límites de lo que es posible pensar.

  10. TACE Case Presentations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahyar Mohammadifard

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Gold standard treatment of hepatocellular carci-noma is surgical resection but more than 80% of patients with HCC are unresectable at the time of diagnosis, and due to poor local circumstances or the patient's general condition, the prognosis is poor. "nBecause HCC tumors are fed exclusively by the he-patic artery, successful TACE leads to tumor necrosis. The liver parenchyma is rarely damaged because it is fed by the portal vein. Injection of an emulsion of iodized oil and cytostatic agents into the hepatic artery leads to selective deposition of the emulsion in the tumor. Compared with intravenous administration of cytostatic material, TACE reduces the maximum plasma concentration and increases the average concentration of cytostatic agents in the tumor, especially when the cytostatic material is combined with gelatin powder particles. "nFor example, concentration of an emulsion of cisplatin in iodized oil 4-9 weeks after intraarterial administration is 42 times greater in the tumor than in the parenchyma."nTwo cases of HCC are presented which were treated successfully with TACE 20 months ago."nIn the first patient after one session of TACE, tumor markers fell down into normal range and MDCT showed complete necrosis and cystic changes in the mass without residual or recurrent tumor until this time. "nIn the next case tumor markers showed no significant decrease after the first session of TACE and MDCT showed residual tumor which was fed by an accessory arterial branch from SMA. This branch was treated in another session. Two months later, tumor markers fell down and MDCT showed no tumor activity. "nThese patients have been symptom free after the mentioned interventions.

  11. Schizophrenia Patients' Self - management:Research Present Condition and Prospect%精神分裂症患者自我管理的研究现状及展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宇虹; 周郁秋; 王丽娜; 李国华

    2014-01-01

    随着慢性病自我管理的广泛开展,精神分裂症患者的自我管理亦得到初步发展。本文在自我管理及其相似概念的基础上提出精神分裂症患者自我管理的概念,并明确精神分裂症患者自我管理中的潜在目标对象、管理相关工作者、自我管理的内容、管理时间、频率及周期、自我管理评价工具以及研究方法的新进展等问题,结合我国当前社会背景,分析了精神分裂症患者自我管理中存在的问题,并对未来发展提出了展望,以推动我国精神分裂症自我管理的规范化发展。%With the extensive development of chronic disease self - management,schizophrenia self - management is developing preliminarily. This paper puts forward a concept of schizophrenia self - management based on analysis of the new re-search progress in self - management and other resemble concepts and conforms its potential target,management - related work-ers,the contents of self - management,its time,frequency and period,assessment tools and research methods. And it analy-zes,combined with current social context in China,the existing problems in the research of schizophrenia patients' self - man-agement,proposes its development prospect to promote the standardized development of schizophrenia self - management in China.

  12. Analysis on Science Research Present Situation of Municipal Museums of Shanxi Cultural Relics and Museum System%山西文博系统市级博物馆学术研究现状探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭智勇

    2015-01-01

    学术研究是博物馆其他业务工作的重要基础,其成果最终通过陈列展览输出给公众,成为搭建于文物和公众之间的一座桥梁。近年来,山西文博系统各市级博物馆充分利用文物优势,广泛开展学术研究与交流,取得可喜成果,但也存在些许不足。本文通过探究博物馆科学研究中存在的问题,并给予对策分析。结果表明,人才培养、科研规划、团队建设、图书资料配备等是提高科研水平的重要条件和保障。%Scientific research is an important foundation of the museum among other business work, the results finally through the exhibition on display outputs to the public,and serves as a bridge between heritage and public . In recent years, Municipal Muse⁃ums of Shanxi Cultural Relics and Museum System make full use of advantages, carry out a wide range of academic research and ex⁃change, and make gratifying achievements, but there are also some problems. In this paper, by exploring the existence of of science re⁃search problems about the Museum, the author give the countermeasure analysis. The article thinks the talent training, the scientif⁃ic planning, the team building and the library materials equipment is an important condition andguarantee to improve the level of scien⁃tific research.

  13. 缓/控释肥料的研究现状及发展趋势%Researching Present Situation and Developing Trend for Releasing Fertilizer Slowly/Controlled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英; 熊海蓉; 李霞; 熊远福; 文祝友; 王楠楠

    2012-01-01

    Author has introduced the definition and type of releasing fertilizer slowly/controlled ; has described the developing process and researching progress for the releasing fertilizer slowly/controlled abroad and at home; has prospected the developing tendency of the releasing fertilizer slowly/ controlled.%介绍了缓/控释肥料的定义和类型;阐述了国内外缓/控释肥料的发展历程和研究进展;展望了缓/控释肥料的发展趋势。

  14. Texts of presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnin, G.; Vidolov, K.; Dufour-Fallot, B.; Dewarrat, Th.; Rose, T.; Favatier, A.; Gazeley, D.; Pujol, T.; Worner, D.; Van de Wel, E.; Revaz, J.M.; Clerfayt, G.; Creedy, A.; Moisan, F.; Geissler, M.; Isbell, P.; Macaluso, M.; Litzka, V.; Gillis, W.; Jarvis, I.; Gorg, M.; Bebie, B.

    2004-07-01

    Implementing a sustainable local energy policy involves a long term reflection on the general interest, energy efficiency, distributed generation and environmental protection. Providing services on a market involves looking for activities that are profitable, if possible in the 'short-term'. The aim of this conference is to analyse the possibility of reconciling these apparently contradictory requirements and how this can be achieved. This conference brings together the best specialists from European municipalities as well as important partners for local authorities (energy agencies, service companies, institutions, etc.) in order to discuss the public-private partnerships concerning the various functions that municipalities may perform in the energy field as consumers and customers, planners and organizers of urban space and rousers as regards inhabitants and economic players of their areas. This document contains the summaries of the following presentations: 1 - Performance contracting: Bulgarian municipalities use private capital for energy efficiency improvement (K. VIDOLOV, Varna (BG)), Contracting experiences in Swiss municipalities: consistent energy policy thanks to the Energy-city label (B. DUFOUR-FALLOT and T. DEWARRAT (CH)), Experience of contracting in the domestic sector (T. ROSE (GB)); 2 - Public procurement: Multicolor electricity (A. FAVATIER (CH)), Tendering for new green electricity capacity (D. GAZELEY (GB)), The Barcelona solar thermal ordinance (T. PUJOL (ES)); 3 - Urban planning and schemes: Influencing energy issues through urban planning (D. WOERNER (DE)), Tendering for the supply of energy infrastructure (E. VAN DE WEL (NL)), Concessions and public utility warranty (J.M. REVAZ (CH)); 4 - Certificate schemes: the market of green certificates in Wallonia region in a liberalized power market (G. CLERFAYT (BE)), The Carbon Neutral{sup R} project: a voluntary certification scheme with opportunity for implementation in other European

  15. Research on the Present Situation of Social Anxiety of Students in Qujing Normal University%大学生社交焦虑现状调查研究--以曲靖师范学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王自坤

    2015-01-01

    This paper takes 288 college students of Qujing Normal University as the research object , and takes Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS ) as the research instrument .By using SPSS 13 .0 , this paper studied the current situation of the social anxiety of students in Qujing Normal University ,and analyzed the causes of the social anxiety , which can provide a scientific basis for the student management and students’ psychiatric consultation .%以曲靖师范学院288名大学生为研究对象,以交往焦虑量表(Interaction Anxiousness Scale ,简称IAS)为研究工具,运用SPSS130.统计软件,调查曲靖师范学院学生社交焦虑的现状,分析产生社交焦虑的原因,为学校的学生管理工作提供科学依据.

  16. 净现值法在医疗设备采购中的应用%Research on the application of Net Present Value method in medical equipment procurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查磊; 蔡军

    2016-01-01

    目的:为加强医疗设备采购管理,提高医疗设备采购管理效率,促进医院设备资源的增值,寻求科学的设备采购方式与方法,建立规范的采购模式,将粗放式经验行为规范成科学的采购方法。方法:运用财务管理学中的净现值法,做好医疗设备采购经济效益分析,结合具体案例和数据分析医疗设备采购中供应商提供的设备采购方案。结果:在假定资金成本率为10%,三种方案均按直线折旧法的情况下,方案一净现值为6966.25万元;方案二净现值为10619.18万元;方案三净现值为5746.08万元;方案二净现值最大,选择第二方案,该方案产生的净现值最大。净现值法为医院做好设备采购和科学投资、改善经营管理提供了重要保证。结论:净现值法在医疗设备采购中的运用表明,在设备采购方案出现多样化,有多种选择的时候,采用净现值法进行量化为决策提供依据。净现值法的运用与传统的采购方案选择相比,对医疗设备采购管理具有规范性和科学性,对数据分析具有准确性和客观性。%Objective:To strengthen the management and improve the efficiency of medical equipment purchasing, promote the growth of hospital equipment resource value, find scientific equipment procurement ways and methods, establish standardized procurement mode, strive to the code of conduct for the extensive experience into the scientific method of procurement. Methods: Using Net Present Value(NPV) method in financial management on medical equipment purchasing economic benefit analysis, and combined with specific cases and data to analyze the procurement of medical equipment suppliers to provide the equipment procurement scheme.Results: On the assumption that the cost of capital rate is 10%, the three schemes are according to the straight line depreciation method, scheme a net present value for 6.96625 million yuan; scheme 2

  17. 民族医药古籍保护性研究意义及现状%Significance and Present Status of Conservation Research on Ancient Literatures of Chinese Ethnic Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪; 冯岭

    2015-01-01

    -of-mouth might face the danger of failure in finding an eligible heir to inherit them.Therefore,it is urgent and necessary for the whole society to gather strength to carry out emergent investigations of various versions of those ancient literatures of ethnic medicine and afterward specialized and scientific protection,arrangement and research work.Take the protective research of the ancient Tibetan medicine literatures for example,with the special attention and financial aids of all different levels of government departments such as the Ministry of Science and Technology,a nationwide project of the survey,collection and arrangement of Ancient Tibetan medicine literatures was carried out for the first time.After more than five yearswork,a catalogue was published for the first time by the re-search team as an approach to protect the cultural property right of the ancient Tibetan medicine literatures.It was the first time for the catalogue to be translated into Tibetan,Chinese,English and Latin according to international standards as a research result for promotional purposes.It was also the first time for the ancient Tibetan medicine literatures to be permanently preserved,protected and spread in digital form-by way of building an information platform.Besides,the intellectual property right of ancient Tibetan medicine literatures was also protected through registering patents and copyrights,etc.The work experience and scientific research model that the research team gained laid a solid foundation for the scientific protection,inheritance and development of the ancient literatures of ethnic medicine in China;it also established a mature,scientific orientation for further research.

  18. 6th International Immunoglobulin Symposium: Poster presentations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernandez-Cruz, E.; Kaveri, S.V.; Peter, H.H.; Durandy, A.; Cantoni, N.; Quinti, I.; Sorensen, R.; Bussel, J.B.; Danieli, M.G.; Winkelmann, A.; Bayry, J.; Kaesermann, F.; Spaeth, P.; Helbert, M.; Salama, A.; van Schaik, I.N.; Yuki, N.

    2009-01-01

    P>The posters presented at the 6th International Immunoglobulin Symposium covered a wide range of fields and included both basic science and clinical research. From the abstracts accepted for poster presentation, 12 abstracts were selected for oral presentations in three parallel sessions on immunod

  19. Behind the 29-percent limit. Solar researcher Martin Green presents ideas for inexpensive high-efficiency solar cells; Hinter der 29-Prozent-Grenze. Solarforscher Martin Green praesentiert Ideen fuer preiswerte Hocheffizienzsolarzellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kreutzmann, Anne

    2013-10-15

    Named after two physicists the Shockley-Queisser limit of 29 percent for today standard silicon solar cells is not reached in mass production. But the closer the industry comes to this physical limit, the more expensive is it to reach the final percentage points. A study by Martin Green, one of the world's leading researchers, and his team shows ways based on cheaper silicon solar cells, how the 29 percent limit can be overcome. [German] Die nach zwei Physikern benannte Shockley-Queisser-Grenze fuer heute uebliche Solarzellen aus Silizium von 29 Prozent ist in der Massenproduktion noch nicht erreicht. Aber je naeher die Industrie dieser physikalischen Grenze kommt, desto teurer wird es, die letzten Prozentpunkte zu schaffen. Eine Untersuchung von Martin Green, einem der weltweit fuehrenden Forscher, und seinem Team zeigt Wege auf, wie auf Grundlage billiger Siliziumsolarzellen die 29-Prozent-Grenze ueberwunden werden kann.

  20. 高油酸油菜研究现状、存在的问题及发展建议%Present Research Situation,Questions and Developmental Advises of High Oleic Acid Rapeseed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振乾; 胡庆一; 官春云

    2016-01-01

    High oleic acid rapeseed oil has very good nutrition and health functions,and its quality can be comparable with the camellia oil,olive oil and other senior edible vegetable oil,which is helpful to increase the edible vegetable oil supply of China and promote the upgrading of the rape industry. The study trend and application situation of Hunan Agricultural Uni-versity and the other domestic and foreign research institutions were summarized in this paper. At the same time,the genetic characteristics of oleic acid,high oleic acid rapeseed breeding (microspore culture,distant hybridization,induced and transgenic technology),advances of high oleic acid rapeseed breeding by different methods (such as,microspore culture, distant hybridization,mutation and transgenic technology),and the molecular biology research were summarized. In addi-tion,several advices were proposed according to the currently existing questions.%高油酸菜油具有很好的营养保健功能,其品质可与茶油、橄榄油等高级食用植物油媲美,对于改变我国食用植物油自给不足、促进油菜产业升级等方面有很好的作用。总结了国内外相关研究机构在高油酸油菜方面的研究动态及应用情况,同时对油酸的遗传特性、高油酸油菜选育途径(小孢子培养、远缘杂交、诱变和转基因技术)和分子生物学研究进展进行了综述,并针对当前存在的问题提出了一些建议。

  1. The present research situation and prospect on the application of the non - singleness adsorption refrigeration%采用非单一吸附式制冷方式的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱成剑; 武卫东

    2012-01-01

    The solid adsorption refrigeration is an energy - saving and environment friendly cooling technology which can be driven by the waste heat directly, and the crude substance is used as the refrigerant in it. In addition, the adsorption refrigeration technology has become an academic direction which is commonly concerned by the international community today. The hybrid cooling way of jointing solid adsorption refrigeration system with another heat powered refrigeration cycle has been an important direction in the refrigeration field . In this paper, the global research progress of non - singleness adsorption refrigeration was introduced firstly, and then the future research and application development trend were also discussed.%固体吸附式制冷是一种可直接利用余热作为驱动热源和使用天然制冷剂的制冷方式,它对环境保护与节约能源具有重要意义,吸附式制冷技术目前已成为国际上普遍关注的一个学术方向.其中,采用其他以热能为动力的制冷循环方式与固体吸附式联合制冷在制冷领域已成为一个重要方向.首先介绍非单一吸附式制冷方式的总体研究进展,随后对其未来研究和应用发展方向作了展望.

  2. 轻质隔热材料的研究现状及其发展趋势%Present Status of Research on Lightweight Thermal Insulating Materials and Its Developing Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆彬; 潘志华

    2011-01-01

    With the continuous development of all walks of life, it is difficult for the traditional thermal insulation materials to meet needs from the society and industries, especially the industry using lightweight thermal insulation materials, such as metallurgy, chemical industry and building materials industry. Not only the lightweight insulation materials constantly upgraded and improved, but also some new lightweight insulation materials come into being and the composition system of the lightweight thermal insulation materials are being gradually broadening. Based on the comprehensive literature review on the research activities, manufacturing and application of the lightweight insulation materials, this paper discusses research status on mechanism of thermal insulation, methods of manufacturing and application technology of lightweight thermal insulation materials as well as some technical problems left behind, furthermore, the author indicates the future development trend of the lightweight insulation materials.%随着各行各业,尤其是涉及轻质隔热材料使用行业,如冶金、化工、建材等行业的快速发展,传统隔热产品已经不能满足社会和工业需求.既有轻质隔热材料不断升级完善,新的轻质隔热材料应运而生,轻质隔热材料的组成体系和性能特点正在逐渐扩展.本文在综合迄今为止轻质隔热材料的研究、生产和应用方面研究的基础上,重点讨论了轻质隔热材料的保温机理、制备方法、应用技术以及存在的一些问题,并提出了轻质隔热材料领域今后的发展方向.

  3. Research on Science and Technology Innovation Activity Present Situation Investigation of Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute Students%黄河水院学生科技创新活动现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫锋

    2015-01-01

    College student science and technology innovation activity plays an important role in improving their innovation consciousness, innovation spirit and innovation ability. Based on the science and technology innovation activity questionnaire survey of Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute students, it focuses on the present environment situation, the present innovation ability situation and present incentive mecha-nism and so on, adopts to strengthen propaganda, format the mechanism, form the team, cooperate with the enterprises and emphasize on the key items to encourage the students to participate in the science and technology innovation activity.%大学生科技创新活动是增强大学生创新意识、创新精神和创新能力的重要途径。在对黄河水院学生科技创新活动问卷调查的基础上,重点研究了学生科技创新活动开展的环境现状、创新能力现状和激励机制现状等问题,采取加强宣传、建立机制、组建团队、校企合作、重点扶持等措施,鼓励大学生积极参与科技创新活动。

  4. 水、土环境中锑污染与控制研究进展%Research progress on present situation and countermeasure of antimony pollution in water and soil environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚平; 张婷; 陈锦芳; 彭然

    2011-01-01

    随着工业的发展,锑作为一种具有潜在毒性和致癌性的类金属元素,已经较为广泛地存在于水体和土壤环境中,显现出不可忽视的环境问题,并引起国际科学界的高度关注.文章综述了锑在水体和土壤环境中的污染现状、化学行为形态以及污染控制方面的研究进展.由采矿业、制造业带来的锑水土污染问题较为突出,目前的处理处置方法难以满足需求.今后需要在锑的水土环境化学方面加强研究,探讨锑的迁移转化规律;高效吸附材料的开发制备也是一个重要内容;植物组合修复土壤中的锑污染将是一个重要的突破口.%Antimony exists widely in water and soil environment with the development of industry. It has brought out noticeable environment problems, and has drawn quite a lot of attentions from scientists, as a metalloid element with potentially toxicity and carcinogenicity. Current pollution status, species and biogeochemical behaviour of antimony in water and soil, and research on the contamination control were viewed in this paper. Pollution of antimony in water and soil caused by mining and manufacturing has become increasingly seriously, and the methods to deal with it can hardly meet the demands. As a result, some works as follows need to be done: research in the environmental chemistry of antimony in water and soil should be strengthened in the future, as well as exploring the principle of antimony in movement and transformation. Development and preparation of new materials with efficient adsorbability are also important. Moreover, phytoremediation combination technology to remedy pollution of antimony in soil may be another important breakthrough.

  5. Present status of research on mathematical models of heat and mass transfer during wood drying%木材干燥过程热质迁移数学模型研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    建立及求解木材干燥过程热质迁移数学模型的主要目的是为了对木材实际干燥过程进行预测和控制,对促进木材干燥技术的发展意义重大。本文主要从水分迁移、能量转移、应力应变与数值求解方法等方面,归纳总结了国内外木材干燥过程中热质迁移模型建立及求解的研究现状,根据木材干燥机理、热质迁移理论及干燥生产实际分析了模型可借鉴应用之处以及存在的问题,提出符合实际干燥情况的多维(2、3D)热质迁移以及考虑木材干缩现象的热质-应力应变耦合数学模型是今后的研究重点。%The main objectives of developing and solving mathematical models of heat and mass transfer are to easily anticipate and control the drying process, and to promote the development of wood drying technology. This paper summarizes the domestic and abroad status of the research on establishment and solution of heat and mass transfer models in terms of mass transport, heat transfer, stress-strain and numerical solution method. According to the mechanism of wood drying, theory of heat and mass transfer and reality of drying production, we discuss the applications of the models and the problems existing in them. We suggest that future research could be focused on heat and mass transfer models that take into account real drying conditions, multi-dimensions ( 2/3D ) and coupled stress-strain considering shrinkage.

  6. 高温超导电缆及其低温绝缘研究现状%Present Research Status of High Temperature Superconducting Cable and Its Cryogenic Insulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜伯学; 邢云琪; 傅明利; 侯帅

    2015-01-01

    The research history and current status of high temperature superconducting (HTS)cable in the world are summarized,and the basic structure and insulation requirements of HTS cable body are introduced. Then,the structure and problem of the main insula-tion for HTS cable are analyzed. For liquid nitrogen (LN2 )and several solid insulation materials under low temperature applied in HTS cables,related researches are put forward separately on their dielectric property under low temperature. It can be concluded that, in LN2 ,the breakdown strength of insulation material is higher in DC field than that in ac field;the breakdown strength of polyimide is higher than that of polypropylene laminated paper (PPLP)in both ac and dc field;low temperature can suppress the growth of the electrical tree in epoxy resin.%概述了世界上高温超导电缆的研究历史和现状,介绍了高温超导电缆本体的基本结构及绝缘要求,分析了高温超导电缆主绝缘的结构及存在的问题。针对高温超导电缆中使用的液氮和几种低温固体绝缘材料,分别介绍了其在低温环境下介电性能的相关研究进展。总结发现:液氮的击穿场强受到气泡和电极材料的影响;液氮下绝缘材料的直流击穿场强高于交流击穿场强;聚酰亚胺在液氮下的交直流击穿场强高于聚丙烯层压纸;低温会抑制环氧树脂中电树枝的生长。

  7. [Multicenter study on the treatment and outcome of patients admitted to intensive care units in Italy. Presentation of the research project and the study protocol. GiViTI (Gruppo Italiano per la Valutazione degli interventi in Terapia Intensiva)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apolone, G; Brazzi, L; Pesce, C

    1992-12-01

    Although Intensive Care Units (ICU) are present in most of the Italian Hospitals for acute patients, the heterogeneity of the patients case-mix and the large variation in structural, organizational and staffing arrangements have limited the feasibility and precision of evaluation studies aimed at assessing the quality of health care delivered and its impact on patients outcomes. To our knowledge there has been no nationwide study aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of the delivered care in samples of ICUs and patients that are representative of the source populations. To study the effects of variations in health care practices on the outcome of the patients admitted in ICU, we designed a multicentric observational study involving 120 ICUs within the country. The present study is the first part of a project involving a network of Intensive Care Units gathered under the name of GiViTI-Italian Group for the Evaluation of the Interventions in Intensive Care-that is representative of the national Italian reality in the field. The idea of a large collaborative group acting in the field of Intensive Care stands in line with several quality, effectiveness and resource utilization studies that are ongoing in other European countries and is also the result of a series of smaller-scale experiences carried out by other Italian groups eventually emboied in the GiViTI project. In the framework of the ongoing long term, multisite, and multidisciplinary project, the present study calls for the recruitment of all consecutive patients seen at the participant centers during a two months period.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  8. Tai chi is soft power ball development research the present situation and the existing problems%太极柔力球发展现状及问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁宇宁; 安汝杰

    2015-01-01

    Using the method of documentary, the development of tai chi soft power ball sports present situation analysis, and concluded that tai chi is soft power ball movement in the process of promoting the problems caused by, for the majority of scholars provide some theory reference.%运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法,对太极柔力球运动的发展现状分析梳理,进而得出太极柔力球运动在推广过程中产生的问题,为广大学者提供一些理论借鉴.

  9. Research on Traditional Chinese Medicine in Treaof the present myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury%中医药对心肌缺血再灌注损伤的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵珏; 吴少俊; 王卫星

    2014-01-01

    Acute coronary syndrome was coronary heart disease in acute onset , clinical types of acute myocardial ischemic injury .In recent years, with thrombolytic therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention technology the establishment and promotion of artery bypass surgery and other methods significantly reduced the myocardial cell death due to ischemia and the ischemia myocardium after restoring blood flow myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in a cause for concern .This article analyzed injury mechanism and clinical research mainly from medical intervention to myocardial ischemia reperfusion .%急性冠脉综合征是冠心病中急性发病的临床类型,造成心肌急性缺血性损伤。近年来,随着溶栓疗法、经皮冠状动脉介入技术( Percutaneous coronary intervention ,PCI)、动脉搭桥术等方法的建立和推广,明显的减少了心肌由于缺血导致的细胞坏死,但缺血心肌恢复血流后,出现的心肌缺血再灌注损伤已成关注重点。本文主要从中医药对心肌缺血再灌注损伤干预机制及相关的临床研究进行阐述。

  10. Research and Analysis of Present Situation of Medical Ethics Education in Medicine Colleges in Shandong Province%山东省医学院校医德教育现状调查分析与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹瑞法; 陈士福; 孙莹光; 郁万彩

    2011-01-01

    To enhance the objectivity cognition of the current situation of medical ethics education, a general empirical research is carried out on the medical ethics education with 1278 students in five major medical institutions in Shandong Province. The investigation discovers the overall shape of medical ethics education is good, but still has various insufficiencies, including faint ideas of medical ethics, lack of the reality explanation strength in the medical ethics education content, highlight in the external environment value, and the leadership tendency aggravating, and so on, calling for further exploration.%为增强对当前医德教育现状的客观性认知,对山东省五所医学院校的1278名本专医学生开展了医德教育方面的总体性实证调查研究.调查发现医德教育整体状况良好,但存在医德观念淡漠、医德教育内容缺乏现实解释力、外部环境价值凸显及主导化倾向加剧等七方面问题,亟须加以深入探究解决.

  11. 网球运动员抽球落点预判能力影响因素分析%Analysis and Research on Influencing Factors in Pre-sentence Tennis Placement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘远海; 石裹莹

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,literature,questionnaire,interview,statistics and other research methods were used,it analyzed the various factors by which tennis player judged the placement of competitors' ball.It is important for tennis player to grasp the chance and methods of predicting the tennis placement,and to improve the accuracy and timeliness.It is also important for auxiliary teaching,training and athletes' selection with reference.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访问法和数理统计法等研究方法,分析了影响网球运动员预判对手抽球落点的各种因素,对运动员掌握预判来球落点的时机和方法,以及提高预断的准确性和及时性都具有重要的指导意义,同时对网球教学、训练及运动员的选拔等方面也具有重要的辅助和参考价值。

  12. The present situation of the research and related test utilization of construction waste in China%我国建筑垃圾资源化利用及相关试验研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉书; 王海波; 龚子亮

    2015-01-01

    随着建筑业的迅猛发展,建筑垃圾已经成为城市化发展亟待解决的问题。应有效控制和利用好建筑垃圾,使建筑垃圾从源头上减量化,同时更应鼓励建筑垃圾资源化利用。对建筑垃圾实行严格管理,会产生良好的环境效益和社会效益。本文总结分析了我国建筑垃圾资源化利用的现状,及国内对建筑垃圾综合利用的相关试验研究。%With the rapid development of the construction industry, construction waste has become a city development problems to be solved. Should be controlled effectively and make good use of the construction waste, construction waste reduction from the source, at the same time, we should encourage the construction waste resource utilization. Strict management of construction waste, willproduce a good environmental and social benefits. This paper summarizes and analyzes the current situation of domestic construction waste resources utilization, and for domestic construction waste comprehensive utilization of related experimental research.

  13. Present Status of Biochemical and Microbiological Research on Jiangxiang Baijiu%酱香型白酒生物化学及微生物学研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴奕杰; 田志强; 黄家岭; 李春宇; 邵飞龙; 杨金川

    2016-01-01

    Jiangxiang Baijiu is the most famous Chinese liquor product in the world. Its production process includes three main parts:Daqu-making, stacking fermentation, and alcohol fermentation. Each part has its unique technology which could ensure the quality of Jiangxiang Bai-jiu. In this paper, the latest research status of biological and microbiological study of each part was reviewed.%酱香型白酒是中国最知名的白酒之一。制作工艺包括大曲制作,堆积发酵和酒精发酵三大部分。每一部分均有其独特的工艺,是保持酱香酒品质的重要保障。综述了酱香型白酒生产过程中,这三部分的生物化学及微生物学研究近况。

  14. Higher vocational curriculum system of automobile marketing and maintenance research on the present situation and reform%高职汽车营销与维修专业课程体系现状与改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱霖

    2016-01-01

    the curriculum is the guarantee of the quality of education and curriculum system of higher vocational education should ful y reflect the vocational skil s education as the main character. Which guidelines on the process-oriented, and meet the needs of current vocational education. Based on the higher vocational automobile marketing and maintenance of the status quo of curriculum system and analysis of problems in teaching, teaching practice and results of marketing research, and establishing a new curriculum system of principles, proposed a reform of the curriculum system of concrete measures.%课程体系是教育质量的有力保障,高职教育的课程体系应充分体现职业教育以技能教育为主体的特点。以工作过程导向为指引,满足当前职业教育的需求。本文通过研究目前高职汽车营销与维修专业的课程体系现状,分析在教学中存在的问题,结合教学实际与市场调研的结果,确立了新课程体系的原则,提出了课程体系改革的具体措施。

  15. Sulfate Reducing Bacteria Processing of Chromium-containing Waste Water Research Present Situation%硫酸盐还原菌处理含铬废水的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安文辉; 马斯然; 王磊峰

    2012-01-01

    Containing Cr (VI) of wastewater is a kind of difficult processing and hazard of heavy metal waste water, biological treatment of heavy metal wastewater has the characteristics of high efficiency low cost, sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) is a kind of heavy metals to strong resistance of the anaerobic bacteria, including Cr (VI) wastewater treatment has the advantage. The paper introduced the SRB Cr-containing wastewater treatment using the related research and new technology.%含Cr(VI)的废水是一类难处理且危害大的重金属废水,生物处理重金属废水具有效率商成本低的特点,硫酸盐还原菌(SRB)是一类对重金属有较强抗性的厌氧菌,在含Cr(VI)废水处理方面具有优势。文章介绍了目前利用SRB处理含铬废水的相关研究及新工艺。

  16. Recent detector developments at SINTEF (industrial presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundby Avset, Berit; Evensen, Lars; Uri Jensen, Geir; Mo, Sjur; Kari Schjølberg-Henriksen; Westgaard, Trond

    1998-02-01

    Results from SINTEF's research on radiation hardness of silicon detectors, thin silicon detectors, silicon drift devices, reach-through avalanche photodiodes, and detectors with thin dead layers are presented.

  17. The Bats of Latium : Past and Present

    OpenAIRE

    Crucitti, Pierangelo

    2010-01-01

    After briefly reviewing past research, the present status of our knowledge on the bats of Latium, Central Italy, one of the richest biodiversity districts of the Central Mediterranean Ecoregion, is  outlined, highlighting the contribution of Benedetto Lanza.

  18. Present and future in lexicography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Bugueño Miranda

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this lecture is to demonstrate the evolution of lexicography from the practical task of compiling dictionaries to their theoretical approach as reference works. The first issue to be discussed is the status of the discipline itself, since there are lexicographers, like Atkins; Rundell (2008, that deny the existence of a lexicographic theory. Secondly, and accepting that a lexicographical theory does exist, we present the main advances in the area, such as the research on dictionary classification, the criteria used to calculate the number of headwords in a dictionary (macrostructure, the set of comments that appear in each entry (microstructure and the system of cross-references (middlestructure. Finally, the lecture will offer a reflection on the normativity in dictionaries.

  19. Present challenges in hadrontherapy techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaldi, U.; Braccini, S.

    2011-07-01

    Hadrontherapy is a high-precision technique in cancer radiation therapy, which allows obtaining a superior conformal treatment with respect to photons used in conventional radiation therapy. To reach this ambitious goal without reducing the patient throughput needed in a hospital-based environment, the physical and radiobiological properties of charged hadrons, protons and carbon ions in particular, have to be exploited at best, making use of the most modern technologies issued from research in nuclear and particle physics. In the present days, we are assisting to a continuous technological challenge, leading to the conception and to the development of innovative methods and instruments. In this paper, the most relevant challenges in dose delivery systems, gantries, imaging, quality assurance and particle accelerators are reviewed.

  20. Jefferson Lab: Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Patrizia

    2016-08-01

    The continuous electron beam accelerator facility and associated experimental equipment at Jefferson Lab comprise a unique facility for nuclear physics research whose upgrade is presently underway, with completion expected in 2017. The upgraded facility will accelerate electron beams to 11 GeV for experiments in the existing Halls A, B and C. In addition, a 12 GeV beam can be provided to a new experimental hall, Hall D, to generate a 9 GeV tagged photon beam. This upgrade will enable a new experimental program with substantial discovery potential to address important topics in hadronic, nuclear, and electroweak physics. Further in the future, it is envisioned that the Laboratory will evolve into an electron-ion colliding beam facility.

  1. 抗阿片成瘾药物研究历史与现状%History and present situation of research and development of anti-opioid addiction drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦; 曹丹旎; 吴宁; 李斐; 宋睿; 苏瑞斌

    2012-01-01

    Opioid addiction is a chronic and relapsing brain disorde. The clinical symptoms of opioid addiction include physical dependence, protracted 9ymptom9, psychological dependence and relapse, and the key to treatment is anti-relapse. The research of anti-relapse drug focuses on two aspects: one is targeting at opioid receptors, the other is targeting at non-opioid receptors. Opioid receptor agonist methadone and antagonist naltrexone are the representative drugs that targets at opioid receptors. Thienorphine, a new opioid receptor ligand, completely blocks morphine and other opioids-induced physical and psychological dependence, and prevents opioid relapse. Studies have shown that many non-opioid receptor systems, including dopamine receptors, excitatory amino acid receptors, gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors, acetylcholine receptors, 5-HT receptors, CB1 receptors and neurotrophic factor receptors, are involved in the modulation of opioid psychological dependence and relapse. A novel dopamine D3 receptor antagonist Y-QA14 inhibits cocaine abd heroine addiction and prevents relapse without addictive potential. I1 imidazoline receptor agonist agmatine inhibits opioid-induced physical and psychological dependence, relieves protracted symptoms and prevents relapse, the mechanism of which is due to the attenuation of the compensatory adaptations occuring on opioid receptor, dopamine and glualmate nerotransmissions. This paper reviews opium, biological basis of opioid addiction, and history, current situation as well as development tendency of anti-opioid relapse drug research.%阿片成瘾是一种慢性复发性脑疾病,临床症状包括躯体依赖、稽延症状、精神依赖和复吸,治疗的关键是防复吸.防复吸药物的研究包括以阿片受体和非阿片受体为靶标的药物.代表性药物分别为阿片受体激动剂美沙酮和受体阻断剂纳屈酮,新型阿片受体配体噻吩诺啡能够完全阻断吗啡等阿片类药物引起的躯体

  2. 智能制造领域研究现状及未来趋势分析%Analysis on Present Situation and Future Trend of Intelligent Manufacturing Industry Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王媛媛

    2016-01-01

    当前信息技术、新能源、新材料、生物技术等重要领域和前沿方向的革命性突破和交叉融合,正在引发“第三次工业革命”。智能制造是引领“第三次工业革命”浪潮的核心动力。目前对智能制造的研究主要还处在技术应用层面以及国家宏观的产业政策层面,从经济学及产业组织学等角度对智能制造进行分析尚未充分展开。因此,未来对于智能制造的研究应该着重从以下几个方面展开:一是从产业组织学理论的角度剖析智能制造产生和发展的一般规律,丰富和发展产业经济学的相关理论体系;二是构建一个“国家智能制造发展竞争力指标体系”,运用定量分析的方法对于指标的权重以及国家智能制造竞争力指数进行确定和分析,用科学的框架评估各主要国家智能制造发展的竞争力水平;三是比较分析各主要国家智能制造发展的相关政策,提出可供我国借鉴的产业发展政策。%Intelligent manufacturing is the core power to lead the “third industrial revolution”. Current research of intelligent manufacturing industry mainly in technology and national macro industrial policy level, from economics and industrial organization theory and perspective of intelligent manufacturing industry analysis has not been fully carried out. The future research of intelligent manufacturing industry should be mainly from the following aspects: First, from the industrial organization theory point of view to analysis the general rule of intelligent manufacturing industry. Second, build a “national intelligent manufacturing index system” of industry competitiveness, using the method of quantitative analysis for the national intelligent manufacturing industry competitiveness. Third, comparative analysis of relevant policies in major countries of intelligent manufacturing industry development, put forward for the reference of our country

  3. Research on China's present status, problems and solutions of group-buying online%中国网络团购的现状、问题及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟娟; 陈会玲

    2012-01-01

    During the fast development of online group-buying, problems are becoming more ser ious, such as information asymmetry, after-sale service difficulty, obvious trend of adverse competition, and serious homogeneity of group-buying websites, etc. which seriously affect the normal development of online group-buying. In order to guide this newly appearing industry to develop in the orderly, normative and rational direction, this essay had an in-depth research on the above-mentioned problems and the re- search analysis has brought to the suggestions that the government should strengthen the system construc- tion, work out the industry standard, perfect the transaction system and build the positive competition mechanism of online group-buying so as to realize the healthy and sustainable development of online group-buying in China.%为了促进国内网络团购这一新兴行业朝着有序、规范、合理的方向发展,对其存在的信息不对称、售后维权难、不良价格竞争趋势显著及团购网站同质化严重等问题进行了深入研究。分析认为:政府应加强制度建设、制定行业标准与规范、完善网络团购交易机制、建立网络团购的良性竞争机制,以实现国内网络团购健康可持续发展。

  4. The research on present situation and developing trend of the real estate enterprise organization structure%房地产开发企业组织结构现状和发展趋势研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞彪; 陈潇男; 于关剑

    2016-01-01

    分析了我国房地产企业组织结构发展的现状,归纳了我国房地产企业目前常见的四种组织结构形式,基于我国房地产企业组织机构发展的扁平化、网络化等趋势,提出了组织结构变革的一些建议。%The present situation of the real estate enterprise organization structure in our country is analyzed,four kinds of commonly used form of real estate enterprise organization structure in our country are summarized,the developing trends of the real estate enterprise organization of our country such as flat trend,networked trend are summed up,put forward the advices of organization structure.

  5. Research on Present Situation and Countermeasure of Information Value Management in Real Estate Enterprises%房地产企业信息价值管理现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙爱明; 郭斌

    2014-01-01

    Through the analysis of present situation, problems and development trend of information value management in China's real estate enterprises, this paper proposes to strengthen the collaborative innovation of information value management of real estate enterprises and enhance the service value chain of real estate enterprises by large data way.%通过对我国房地产企业信息价值管理现状、问题及发展趋势的分析,提出加强房地产企业信息价值管理协同创新,以大数据的思路提升房地产企业服务价值链。

  6. 佳木斯市农村地区体育现状调查与发展对策研究%Research on investigation and development countermeasure of Jiamusi city rural area sports present situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄中伟

    2012-01-01

      本文运用访谈法、文献资料法、问卷调查法对佳木斯市农村地区体育现状进行了深入的调查,包括以下几个方面:(1)农村体育人口的构成情况;(2)村民的体育意识和对体育的认知度;(3)体育运动的场地、器材设备和体育指导员的状况;(4)体育活动的开展情况等方面进行探究。紧紧围绕上述各项研究情况,对调查结果进行深入细致的合理化分析,研究结果表明:在开展体育运动的过程中存在着以下几个方面的问题:(1)农村体育人口呈现出老龄化的趋势;(2)部分村民的体育意识淡薄且体育知识匮乏;(3)农村体育运动的场地有限、器材设备质量较差以及体育指导员相对缺乏;(4)体育活动的组织开展情况相对较少。%  This article uses of interviews, documentation, survey method for jiamusi city rural sports to in-depth survey, including the following aspects: (1) the composition of the population of rural sports, (2) the villagers of sports and physical education of cognition, (3) sports venues, equipment and sports instructors, (4) the situation of sports activities in probing, centering on the above study, the investigation results for in-depth and detailed analysis of rationalization, research shows: in the sports of the existence of the following issues: (1) population of rural sports out ageing trend, (2) part of the village of weak physical awareness and lack of physical knowledge, (3) rural sports venue is limited, equipment of poor quality, as well as the relative lack of sports instructors, (4) sports organizations is relatively small.

  7. The research about present status and their relationship of occupational stress and job burnout in medical personnel%医护人员职业紧张与职业倦怠状况调查及相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建美; 刘华纯; 宋香茹; 权小香

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨汕头市临床医护人员的职业紧张和职业倦怠现状及对比两者的关系,并提出相应的防治对策.方法 以汕头市7家医院医护人员为调查对象,对职业紧张量表、Masalch职业倦怠量表进行翻译、评价和修订,全面测量医护人员的职业紧张、职业倦怠情况,建立数据库对量表的各子项得分进行方差分析,分析汕头市医护人员职业紧张和职业倦怠水平、分布特征及两者之间的关系.结果 在汕头市7家医院随机发放问卷600套,共回收576份,有效问卷540份,有效率90%.医护人员存在比较严重的职业紧张和职业倦怠情况,职业紧张状况医生比护士严重,职业倦怠状况临床一线人员比后勤人员严重.结论 本研究为今后采用干预措施,减轻工作负担,提高工作效率,保护和促进医护人员的身心健康,提高职业生活质量提供科学依据,有助于促进医患关系和谐和医疗水平发展.%Objective To explore the present status of occupational stress and job burnout in Shantou medical personnel, and compare their relationship. Methods Medical personnel in seven hospitals of Shantou city were enrolled. A well - rounded measurement of occupational stress and job burnout in medical personnel by translating was made. Analysis of variance was employed to analyze the marks of each sub -project in the inventory. Therefore, the present status and their relationship of occupational stress and job burnout were explored in Shantou medical personnel Results Five hundred and seventy - six in 600 questionnaires by stochastic processes were received in seven hospitals of Shantou city, 540 of them were available, and the effective power was 90%. The results manifested that occupational stress and job burnout were both severe in medical personnel, more occupational stress in physician than that in nurse, and more severe of job burnout in clinical staff and that in rear - service personnel. Conclusions

  8. Logistics Management of Circular Economy Hub Present Situation and Research%循环经济集散中心的物流管理现状及研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文财

    2016-01-01

    当今社会,资源短缺问题日益突出,大力发展循环经济,建设节约型社会就变得十分重要。循环经济是经济可持续性发展的一种发展模式,以达到高效利用资源和减少环境污染的效果,即用最小的成本来获得最大的经济效益,具体表现为“资源—产品—再生资源”的经济增长方式。但是目前循环经济的物流管理方式仍处于基础阶段,严重制约了循环经济的发展,文中以安徽省光武镇为例,针对其作为循环经济集散中心的物流管理现状及存在的问题提出解决方案,在发展循环经济的过程中导入现代物流管理技术。%In today's society,the problem of resources shortage is increasingly outstanding.Developing circular economy, building economical society become very important.Circular economy is a model of economy sustainable development,making full use of the resources and reducing pollution,and obtaining the biggest economic benefits with minimal cost,and it is characterized by “resources-products-renewable resources”of economic growth mode.But at present the logistics management technology of circular economy is still in the elementary stage,and seriously restricting the development of circular economy,In this paper we take Guangwu town Anhui province as an example,which is a center of the circular economy distribution,and putting forward solutions for existing problems of its present logistics management situation,taking modern logistics management techniques into the process of circular economy development.

  9. 现阶段城市环境保护管理的信息化安全研究%Present Urban Informatization of EnvironmentaI Protection Management of Information Security Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊; 汪喜斌

    2015-01-01

    The use of artificiaI means to carry out the management work of environmentaI protection shaI be unabIe to meet, because the amount of information on environmentaI protection and management of city at present stage is very big and chaotic, at the request of the new form, it is necessary to deveIop the information management of environmentaI protection and information security, to be in so much of the information found in the main information, and to ensure the security of information, you need to find management goaI and direction, and constantIy promote the informatization construction of environmentaI protection management and the construction of information security, the information management system of the management of the city's environmentaI protection, can bet er adapt to the changes of The Times, constantIy improve its own deveIopment, to improve the safety of environmentaI protection management and information technoIogy.This paper mainIy anaIyzes the present status of informatization construction in the city's environmentaI protection management and the probIems, and puts forward measures to strengthen the information security, can bet er promote the city's environmentaI protection management work, promote the steady deveIopment of the urbanization process.%建立信息化信息安全管理不仅可以满足现代城市环保管理工作需求,还可以加强环保信息的安全性。论文主要分析在城市的环境保护管理中信息化建设的现状及问题,并提出加强信息化安全的措施,力求达到促进城市环保管理工作及城市化进程的稳步发展。

  10. 想象运动表象技能训练在健美操教学中的运用%Research in presentational ability training of image movement during the calisthenics teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧丽

    2001-01-01

    想象运动表象训练方法采用心理学的研究成果,利用反复记忆与想象,刺激大脑中枢神经系统,促进思维过程活跃,帮助学生理解和掌握技术动作的机理,使所获得的视觉表象与动觉神经有机联系起来,形成肌肉的用力感、空间方向感、身体的平衡感和运动速度感。通过教学实验和对比分析,此方法对改进健美操技术动作和提高健美操教学质量都有积极意义,是教学中的辅助手段。根据此机理,该方法也可运用在动作性、技术性较强的体育课实践教学中。%Presentational training method of image movement adopts psychological principles, utilize iterative memory and image to stimulate the central nerve system of the cerebra, and prompt the process of thinking. It can help the students to understand and master the mechanism of the action so as to make the ocular presentation and kinesthesia nerves connect with each other. It can build muscles,and improve the sense of direction and space,sense of equilibrium and sense of speed of the movement,which has the positive significance in improving the calisthenical action and advance the calisthenics teaching quality, which is the supplementary means in the calisthenics teaching. Base on the mechanism of the body, the method can be used in athletic class teaching, which is more violent in movement and more difficult in action.

  11. Thesis for being entitled to lead research work[Structure organization and changes in phyllosilicate clays]; Memoire presente en vue de l'obtention de L'Habilitation a Diriger des Recherches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muller, F

    2004-11-15

    The study of the properties of clay minerals such as the di-octahedral phyllosilicates requires a multi-scale analysis of their features. The results that are presented here concern both the local scale (intern structure organisation of the sheet and the cation-sheet interaction) and the semi-local scale featuring the sheet piling up. Various investigation means have been used: X-ray and infra-red absorption, X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering, electron diffraction on selected spots and adequate simulation methods. The firs part is dedicated to order-disorder relationship in the organization of major octahedral cations (Al, Fe, Mg). The cation distribution is not due to random but is organized in domains that can be mono-cationic (Fe or Al) or mixed, in the latter case the trend is to promote the mixing of charges losses. The second part is devoted to the study of structure transformations induced by thermal and hydro-thermal treatments. Models for the cationic migration inside octahedral layers are proposed to explain structural changes. The composition and cationic distribution of octahedral layers play an important role in the process. In the case of smectite, treatments are responsible for the increase of disorder in the sheet distribution and for the decrease in hydration properties of some sheets.

  12. The Research of Present Situation and Countermeasure of College Students' Career Planning and Guidance%大学生职业生涯规划及其指导现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔沛球; 吕英秀; 黄蔡芹

    2012-01-01

    Since the college students' employment becomes social hot issues of mutual concern, univer sities and educational departments are paying more attention to college students' career planning and guidance, albeit some insufficiencies. By means of random questionnaires and individual interviews the paper investigates the present situation of college students' career planning and guidance to find out the contributing factors and reform ways, which are expected to be helpful to the current college student s' career planning and guidance.%随着大学生就业问题成为社会共同关注的热点问题,各高校及教育部门对大学生职业生涯规划及其指导越来越重视,但仍存在较多的不足。通过采取无记名随机问卷调查、个别访谈等形式对当前大学生职业生涯规划及其指导现状开展调查,并对其成因和改革途径进行研究,以期对当前大学生职业生涯规划及其指导有所帮助。

  13. 新常态下农村环境污染现状及防治对策研究%Present Situation and Countermeasures of Environment Pollution in Rural Area under the New Normal research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘景泽

    2015-01-01

    本文针对目前农村环境污染的现状及存在的问题,从加强农村饮用水源地保护、做好土壤和畜禽养殖污染防治、深化农村生态示范创建工作、开展农村环境连片综合整治、建设农村环境保护监管体系等方面进行了研究分析,并提出了新常态下农村环境污染防治工作的对策与措施。%In view of the present status and problems of environment pollution problems in rural area,the analysis are made in the aspects of strengthening the protection of rural source of drinking water,the prevention of soil pollution from livestock and poultry farming,deepening rural ecological demonstration,carrying out the comprehensive improvement of the rural environment shall,constructing rural environment protection supervision system,and the new normal countermeasures and measures of the rural environmental pollution prevention and control work.are put forward.

  14. 我国医药逆向物流运作障碍及其实现价值研究%Research on the Development Present Situation of Our Country Medicine Reverse Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴艳红; 张亚文; 李颖

    2012-01-01

    对目前我国医药逆向物流的类型进行分析,根据退回药品的状态将医药逆向物流分为无缺陷药品逆向物流、缺陷药品逆向物流及失效药品逆向物流三类。从国家立法、经济效益及社会效益三个角度阐述了我国发展医药逆向物流的必要性及价值。最后对医药逆向物流目前运作模式、特点及其适用性进行讨论。%Through the analysis of the types of present medicine reverse logistics and its causes,medicine reverse logistics is divided into three categories,nonvulnerable drug reverse logistics,defect drug reverse logistics and failure drug reverse logistics according to the state of returned drugs.The necessity and value of developing medicine reverse logistics are expounded from three angles,the national legislation,economic benefit and social efficiency.Finally,the current operating mode,characteristics and applicability of medicine reverse logistics are discussed.

  15. China scientific and technological tourism's present situation,problem and countermeasure research%我国科技旅游的现状、问题与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小蓓; 唐慧

    2011-01-01

    Science technology tourism is a new kind of tourist product.It combines with the?knowledge,interest,scientific?and educational characteristics,which wins the favor of more and more people.This paper discussed the present situations of our country's science technology tourism,analyzed the problems,then suggestions for solutions were put forward in accordance with the existing problems.%科技旅游是一种新兴的旅游产品,是对传统常规旅游形式的一种深化和发展,融知识性、趣味性、科学性及教育性于一体。目前我国科技旅游获得了越来越多游客的青睐。本文分析了我国科技旅游的发展现状,在剖析科技旅游存在问题的基础上,提出了促进科技旅游长足发展的对策。

  16. 关于我国农业机械标准现状和发展趋势的研究%Research on Present Status and Development Trend of Agricultural Machinery Standard in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张芝芳

    2014-01-01

    我国是农业大国,但是农业机械却是近几年才得到较好的发展,而且逐渐在农村得到普及,这也使我国的农业作业效率得到显著地提高。但是仍然有一部分农业机械不合格,所以就需要制定相关的行业标准来约束,文章将着重探讨目前我国农业机械标准的发展现状以及其未来趋势。%China is a big agricultural country, but until the recent years, the agricultural machinery has a better develop-ment, and gradually gained popularity in the countryside, which makes our country's agricultural efficiency improve significantly. But there is still a part of agricultural machinery are unqualified, so it is required to develop relevant industry standards to con-strain that. In this paper, we will focus on the present situation and its future trends of agricultural machinery standard in China.

  17. 国内专利后原研药及其仿制药的现状研究%Research of Present Domestic Situation on Off-patent Originals and Generics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张崖冰; 胡善联; 彭颖; 王力男; 何江江; 许明飞; 杜丽侠

    2013-01-01

      目的:为了了解国内专利后原研药及其仿制药的总体情况,为仿制药质量一致性评价及相关政策研究提供依据。方法:通过对上海医院购药信息系统(Shanghai Purchasing Drug Information System, HPDIS)中2002—2011年的数据整理和分析,对专利后原研药及其仿制药的数量、剂型分布和比价进行研究。结果:目前市场上专利后原研药或仿制药的通用名有300个。在仿制药中片剂和胶囊剂占了约50%,注射剂占了约33%,其他剂型则较少。总体上,相同年份、相同通用名、相同剂型的仿制药的价格是其专利后原研药价格的60%左右,但也有一些差价悬殊和价格倒挂的品种。结论:仿制药质量一致性评价会对药品质量、制药行业、药品定价和药品费用等产生较大的影响,有关各方应该尽早预判并作相应准备。%Objective: In order to understand the general situation of off-patent originals and generics in the domestic market, evidences for quality consistency evaluation for generics and related policies were provided. Methods: Through data reduction and analysis of Shanghai Purchasing Drug Information System (HPDIS), quantity, dosage form distribution and price ratios of generics and their off-patent originals were researched. Results: There are 300 generic names of off-patent originals in the domestic market. Half dosage forms of generics are tablets and capsules, 33% are injections, and the rest own a smaller proportion. The overall price ratio of generics and their off-patent originals in the same year and the same dosage form is about 60%, but there are also some great disparities and price inversions between generics and their off-patent originals. Conclusion: Quality consistency evaluation for generics will have a strong impact on quality, industry, pricing and expenditure of pharmaceuticals, parties concerned should predict and prepare for it.

  18. The Research on the Countermeasure and Present Situation of the Sports Tourism of Ice and Snow in Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江省冰雪体育旅游的开展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜馨

    2011-01-01

    目前冰雪体育旅游受到人们的广泛关注,文章通过文献资料、专家访谈等研究方法,对黑龙江省冰雪体育旅游现状进行研究,结果发现黑龙江省冰雪旅游现有资源没有得到充分的开发和利用、尚未形成冰雪体育旅游产业链、基础设施不完善、缺乏冰雪旅游总体规划等方面的问题。因此文章提出,应进行科学化的管理、加大宣传力度、承办大型赛事以扩大影响力,走冰雪旅游与大众健身及竞技比赛相结合道路等发展对策。%The ice snow sports tourism has received widespread attention and the development of ice snow sports tourism has a lot of positive significance. Through literature, the author studies the present situation of ice snow sports tourism in Heilongjiang Province to find the overall image of ice snow tourism, the available resources having not been fully developed and utilized, the ice snow sports tourism industry chain having not been yet formed, infrastructure being not perfect and lacking the overall planning of ice snow tourism on the development, construction and management. In view of these problems, we should carry out scientific management, increase propagandist strength, undertake largescale events to expand influence and take development countermeasures on. ice snow tourism combined with mass fitness and athletics

  19. 我国残膜回收机研究现状及建议%Present Situation of Research on Plastic Film Residue Collector in China and Some Suggestions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明洋; 马少辉

    2014-01-01

    Plastic film covers are important in the Chinese agricultural production .The coverage area has reached over ten millions hectares .Plastic film covers application greatly improves the production of crops , With the increase of plastic film application amounts , the residue of mulching plastic film in the field become more and more .These residual film has caused serious white pollution on cultivated land and villages .In order to recover the remnant film better and reduce the white pollution .This paper describes the present situation of plastic film residue collector in China and the working prin -ciple of several typical plastic film residue collector .At last put forward some suggestions on the future development of plastic film residue collector .%地膜已成为我国农业生产中广泛应用的物质材料之一,我国应用地膜技术的土地多达1000万 hm2多。地膜的应用大大提高了农作物的产量,但是随着废膜越来越多的残留,对耕地、村庄造成了严重的白色污染。为此,阐述了我国残膜回收机研究的现状和几种典型残膜回收机的工作原理,并对未来残膜回收机的发展提出了建议。

  20. Research on Labor-capital Relationship Adjustment in Chinese Private Enterprises at Present Stage%现阶段中国私营企业劳资关系调整研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 解玉金

    2011-01-01

    改革开放以来,我国私营经济迅速发展,为国民经济的增长做出了巨大贡献,但是,伴随私营经济的增长,私营企业劳资关系的负面影响日益明显.特别是近年来,我国私营企业的劳资纠纷频频发生,甚至出现了严重摧残民工身心的山西黑砖窑虐待工人事件.在这种背景下,调整劳资关系,提高工人的地位和待遇,成为贯彻落实科学发展观、构建社会主义和谐社会的重要任务.因此,本文以我国私营企业劳资关系为研究对象,对现阶段我国私营企业劳资关系进行了系统的研究.%Since the reform and opening up, China's rapid development of private economy has made tremendous contributions to the growth of the national economy. But with the growth of private economy, the negative impact of labor relations in the private sector has become increasingly evident.Especially in recent years, China's private sector labor disputes occur frequently, or even a serious physical and psychological destruction of migrant workers in Shanxi illegal brick kiln abuse incident. In this context, adjusting labor relations, improving the status and treatment of workers become an important task of implementing the scientific concept of development and building a socialist harmonious society. Therefore, with private sector labor relations as the object of study, the paper conducts a systematic study on the present Labor relations.

  1. 网络环境下公务人员媒介素养现状、问题与对策%Research on Present Situation, Problems and Countermeasures of Public Servants Media Literacy under Network Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荣欣

    2013-01-01

    Under the network environment , great changes have taken place in the media landscape , and higher re-quirements are put forward for the public servants'media literacy .At present , the main problems of public servants media literacy are:They do not understand the propagation law in network environment ; They have resistance and fear psychology for the existence of network media;They lack of ability to guide public opinion on new media;Thay can not do the good work of services .Public servants must change their ideas , accept the media actively , treat the media, and by learning and training , master network voice , increase the ability to solve practical problems by using new media, thereby improving the credibility of the government department .%网络环境下,媒体格局发生了重大变化,对国家公务人员的媒介素养提出了更高的要求。目前,公务人员媒介素养存在的主要问题有:不了解网络环境下的传播规律,对网络媒体存在抵触、畏惧心理,新媒体舆论引导能力欠缺,不能用来为做好工作服务。国家公务人员亟需转变观念,主动接受媒体、善待媒体,并且通过学习、培训等手段,掌握网络话语权,提高运用新媒体解决实际问题的能力,提高政府部门的公信力。

  2. Research and Analysis of the Present Situation of Exercise for Urban Old People in Yancheng%城市城区老年人体育锻炼活动开展现状的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁礼锋; 张博

    2015-01-01

    With the continuous development of society,fitness in life is more and more popular in old people,which makes lifetime sports possible. Because of the lack of activity space and technical guidance,single physical exercise and so on,it need to be paid social attention and concern. With the investigation and analysis about the present situation of the old man taking part in physical exercise, to know the motivation,frequency,time,projects and influencing factors of old people taking part in physical exercise,and according to these factors,find out the root cause,and put forward corresponding countermeasures,in order to provide the reference for promoting the exercise of old people.%随着社会的不断发展,老年人健身生活化越来越普及,使终身体育成为可能。但是活动场地匮乏,体育锻炼缺乏技术指导,体育锻炼的项目单一等等问题,需要引起社会的重视和关注。通过对老年人参加体育锻炼现状进行调查与分析,了解老年人参加体育锻炼的动机、频度、时间、项目以及影响因素,并针对这些因素,寻找其根源,提出相应的解决对策,为促进老年人体育锻炼提供参考。

  3. 排舞运动在医学院校中的开展现状及策略研究%Line Dance Movement in the Medical Colleges to Carry Out the Present Sit-uation and Strategy Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周辉; 娄志国; 胡浩

    2014-01-01

    By using the method of documentary and investigation,the line dance movement present situation in medical colle-ges and universities to carry out an investigation and analysis of medical college students,points out the overall awareness of line dance movement is good,but the students understand the line dance sports channel is single,the school of line dance sport propaganda is not enough,line dance teaching simple site,guidance teachers lack atmosphere,exercise is not enough. And put forward to expand propaganda way,increase efforts to promote,stimulate the students' learning motivation to line dance,line dance teacher professional training and guidance and so on.%运用文献法与调查法,对排舞运动在医学院校中的开展现状进行了调查与分析,指出医学院校大学生对排舞运动的总体认知度较好,但学生了解排舞运动的渠道较为单一,学校对排舞运动的宣传力度不够,排舞教学场地简单、指导教师缺乏、练习氛围不够等。并提出拓展宣传途径,加大推广力度,激发学生学习排舞的动机,加大排舞教师专业培训与指导等建议。

  4. Research on The Present Situation And Countermeasures of Table Tennis Sports for The Disabled in Hubei Province%湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动开展现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈磊

    2016-01-01

    目的:对湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动开展的现状进行调查研究,并提出相对应的对策建议。方法:通过湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动员在近年参加的全国重要残疾人比赛当中的成绩表现,分析其参与残疾人乒乓球竞技运动的现状。结果:(1)湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动训练方法、手段陈旧;(2)“残疾人运动普通化”可以优化乒乓球训练模式、提高训练效果。结论:“残疾人运动普通化”可以有效提高湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动员运动成绩。%This paper is aimed at investigating the current situation of development of table tennis for the disabled in Hubei province,and putting forward corresponding countermeasures.And it analyzes the present situation based on performance of the disabled table tennis athletes taking part in national competitions in recent years.And it shows that:(1)training methods are stale;(2)the “Disabled Sports Generalization”can optimize the table tennis training mode and improve training results. Thus, it draws a conclusion: the “Disabled Sports Generalization”can effectively improve the disabled table tennis athletes'achievement in Hubei Province.

  5. 当前我国循环经济发展存在的问题及对策研究%Research on the Existing Problems and Countermeasures of Chinese Circular Economy Development at Present

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘素姣

    2013-01-01

    目前,在我国经济飞速发展的同时,环境和资源问题也日渐突出,因此我们要坚定不移地走可持续发展道路,在发展经济的同时,也注重社会的发展、环境的保护.除此之外,我们还要大力发展循环经济.文章从循环经济的相关理论出发,并对其概念和内涵做了介绍,同时也对“3R”原则和特征做了阐述;对现阶段在我国发展循环经济存在的问题做了重点讨论;通过上述分析,得出了有针对性的对策:加强宣传力度,积极引导循环经济,调整经济结构使之不断得到优化,制订相关政策并使之不断得到完善,建立法制法规使之有法可依.%At Present,with China's fast economic growth,environmental conditions and natural resources problems have become more and more serious,so we should stick to the strategy of sustainable development.The development of economic should be paid much attention,meanwhile,the development of the whole society and protection of environment should also be valued.Beyond these,we should attach more importance to circular economy.Based on the relevant theories about the circular economy,we elaborated the concept and content of the circular economy and explain "3R" principle and characteristics of the circular economy.Then we focus on the problem exist.Through above analyses,we make these following pertinent suggestions:The establishment and Improvement of the circular economy; establish rules and regulations to protect the economic cycle; adjust the economy structure to improve it; make relevant policies to make it better; set up legal regulations as "legal basis".

  6. 高校平面设计教学的现状分析及改革措施研究%THE PRESENT SITUATION ANALYSIS AND REFORM MEASURE RESEARCH OF THE PLANE DESIGN TEACHING IN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓靓

    2015-01-01

    Entering the 21st century, with the rapid development of the information economy, graphic design professional development space is more and more widely used, but for universities in our country, graphic design professional current stil belongs to an emerging specialty. Because of the late start, the graphic design of the teaching mode stil uses the traditional story teaching method. The teaching process also exposes many problems, not only in line with the essence of graphic design disciplines, but also becomes the bottleneck that hinders the improvement of teaching quality. In view of this, this paper analyzes the importance of graphic design and teaching reform in Coleges and universities, and in the light of the present situation of plane design teaching in Coleges and universities were discussed in detail, based on proposed reform measures and suggestions, only for reference.%进入二十一世纪以来,随着信息经济的迅猛发展,平面设计专业的发展空间越来越广泛,但对我国各个高校而言,平面设计专业当前仍然属于一个新兴的专业。因为起步较晚,平面设计的教学模式仍旧沿用着传统的讲述教学,教学过程中也暴露出许多问题,不仅不符合平面设计学科的本质,同时也成为阻碍教学质量提升的瓶颈。鉴于此,本文分析了高校平面设计教学改革的重要性,同时针对高校平面设计教学的现状进行了详尽的探讨,在此基础上提出了几点改革措施与建议,仅供参考与借鉴。

  7. 当前普通高校继续教育现状及对策研究%Research on the Present Situation and Countermeasures of Colleges' Continuing Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓东; 王铁宝; 冯志明; 温泉; 翟进进

    2012-01-01

    当前,普通高校继续教育面临着新的历史机遇,也存在诸多制约因素。为了抢抓机遇、应对挑战,更好地服务于我国学习型社会的建设和终身教育体系的构建,普通高校继续教育应从办学定位、办学机制、教学改革、品牌建设等方面积极进行探索创新。形成科学合理的继续教育体系,打造特色鲜明的继续教育品牌,建立相对成熟、完整、系统的成人教育教学管理机制,加速成人教育的社会化进程,改革培养目标、教学内容、教学方式,从容应对挑战,实现自身的可持续发展。%At present, the continuing education of colleges is facing new historical opportunities, at the same time, it also exists restricting factors. In order to grasp the opportunity, deal with the challenges and serve for the con- struction of our learning society and system of lifelong education, the continuing education of colleges should strive for active exploration and innovation from the aspects of the school-running orientation, the educational mechanism, the teaching reform, the brand building, etc. Form a scientific and rational system of continuing education, we can create its distinctive characteristics of the brand, construct a relatively mature, complete, and systematic adult education management mechanism. Meanwhile, we can speed up the socialization process of adult education, reform training objectives, course content, teaching methods, deal with the challenges, and achieve its sustainable de- velopment.

  8. 浙江省旅游企业人才安全现状及对策研究%Tourism enterprises in Zhejiang province talent security present situation and countermeasure research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田佳

    2015-01-01

    本研究主要探讨浙江省旅游企业人才安全现状,研究对象为浙江省11个地级市旅行社、酒店、旅游集散中心的涵盖各个级别的大专以上学历工作人员。对其进行职业状况测试,进而了解不同背景的旅游人才对旅游企业职业状况各维度是否存在影响。研究结果显示旅游人才的年龄、服务年限与收入因素会对旅游企业工作本身的看法造成影响;旅游人才的年龄、学历因素会对旅游企业相关人际关系的感受造成影响;旅游人才的婚姻状况、学历、服务年限等因素会影响旅游人才对所在旅游企业的看法。%This study mainly discusses the present situation of tourism enterprises’ talent security in Zhejiang province, the object of the study are all levels staff with college degree or above of travel agencies, hotels and tourism hub cover in 11 cities in Zhejiang province. Through the professional test condition, and then understand whether tourism talents of different background have any influence on professional tourism enterprises’ situation. The results showed that age, length of service in tourism talents and income factors will affect perceptions of tourism enterprises work itself;Tourism talented person's age, educational background factors will affect tourism enterprises related to interpersonal feelings;Tourism talented person's marital status, education, length of service and other factors influence tourism talents for the tourism enterprises.

  9. 同步辐射中双压电片反射镜的研究现状∗%Present research status of piezo electric bimorph mirrors in synchrotron radiation sources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑶; 汤善治; 李明; 王立超; 高俊祥

    2016-01-01

    The third-generation synchrotron radiation sources are widely used in physics, chemistry, material science, etc. due to their light beams with high brilliance and low emittance. In order to efficiently utilize such light beams for scientific research, reflective mirrors with excellent figure quality are required. The reflective mirrors on the beamlines of synchrotron radiation sources consist of fixed polished shape mirrors and bendable mirrors. Bendable mirrors have been attracting the attention of the synchrotron radiation community because their curvatures can be varied to realize different focusing properties. Classical bendable mirrors are realized by applying mechanical moment at the ends of the mirror substrates. In this paper, we introduce a new concept of bendable mirrors, X-ray adaptive mirrors which are based on the adaptive optics technology and the properties of piezoelectric bimorph systems. X-ray adaptive mirrors exhibit many advantages over the classical bendable mirrors, such as mechanics-free, figure local corrections, and good focusing properties. The piezoelectric bimorph mirrors have been used in astronomy to correct the wavefront distortions introduced by atmospheric turbulence in real time. The piezoelectric bimorph mirror was first introduced into the field of synchrotron radiation by European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in the 1990s for making an X-ray reflective mirror. Compared with astronomy community, synchrotron radiation community is not interested in high-speed wavefront correction, but looking for the ultimate precision of the surface shape of piezoelectric bimorph mirror. In the second part of this paper, the usual structure and working principle are briefly described. Piezoelectric bimorph mirrors are laminated structures consisting of two strips of an active material such as zirconate lead titanate (PZT) and two faceplates of a reflecting material such as silicon. A discrete or continuous control electrode is located

  10. Speechline - a method for teaching oral presentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    The Speech-line method aims at improving the active rhetorical skills of students, i.e. their ability to present academic subjects in a clear and convincing manner. This is relevant not only for everyday classroom work, but also for oral exams, for presenting research projects, and for addressing...

  11. 17 September 2013 - Estonian Minister of Education and Research J. Aaviksoo signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R- Heuer; visiting the TOTEM facility with TOTEM Collaboration Spokesperson S. Giani; in the LHC tunnel at Point 5 with International Relations Adviser T. Kurtyka and visiting the CMS cavern with CMS Collaboration Spokesperson J. Incandela. International Relations Adviser R. Voss present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    17 September 2013 - Estonian Minister of Education and Research J. Aaviksoo signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R- Heuer; visiting the TOTEM facility with TOTEM Collaboration Spokesperson S. Giani; in the LHC tunnel at Point 5 with International Relations Adviser T. Kurtyka and visiting the CMS cavern with CMS Collaboration Spokesperson J. Incandela. International Relations Adviser R. Voss present.

  12. 19 July 2013 - Chairman of the Policy Committee, European Cancer Organisation, President, European Association for Cancer Research E. Celis visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson, B. Heinemann and signing the Guest Book with Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers. Life Sciences Adviser M. Dosanjh present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    19 July 2013 - Chairman of the Policy Committee, European Cancer Organisation, President, European Association for Cancer Research E. Celis visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson, B. Heinemann and signing the Guest Book with Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers. Life Sciences Adviser M. Dosanjh present.

  13. [ISRAEL NEONATOLOGY: PRESENT AND FUTURE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollberg, Shaul

    2016-01-01

    The practice of neonatology in Israel debuted in the 1970s as local enterprises by individual hospitals that needed to provide sick and preterm newly born infants with up-to-date and effective care. Descriptions of research and advances in humane and gentle treatment during neonatal care for preterm infants and their families, as well as prevention of neonatal infections, follow-up of preterm infants and care of full-term infants are presented in this issue. The Israel National Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) Infant database provides an excellent source of knowledge, which has led to multiple scientific publications. Recent international comparisons of the outcome of preterm VLBW infants, made possible by this unique database in Israel, has provided the neonatal community and the Ministry of Health with insights as to the differences in prognosis between Israel and other countries, especially among extremely low birth weight infants. At the border of viability, mortality in Israelis significantly higher than that reported in other countries and proactive steps undertaken to examine these differences and prompt correctional action should be pursued. The Israel Ministry of Health started positive initiatives and should ensure that their steps are implemented at the preterm infant's bedside.

  14. Researcher / Researched: Repositioning Research Paradigms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meerwald, Agnes May Lin

    2013-01-01

    "Researcher / Researched" calls for a complementary research methodology by proposing autoethnography as both a method and text that crosses the boundaries of conventional and alternative methodologies in higher education. Autoethnography rearticulates the researcher / researched positions by blurring the boundary between them. This…

  15. Supervisory Presentation for Research, Information, Integration and Testing (SPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-29

    that developers do not even need to consider this during implementation: the framework handles it at run time. Extensibility saves a great amount of...Planning System. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 210-214). SAGE Publications. Billings... Ergonomics , 42, 462-492. 33 Distribution A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. 88 ABW Cleared 09/04/2015; 88ABW-2015-4233. Feitshans

  16. Overview and present status of the European Commission research programme

    CERN Document Server

    O'Sullivan, D

    1999-01-01

    By the early 1990s the European Commission agreed that a comprehensive survey of the radiation environment produced by cosmic rays at aviation altitudes should be undertaken and that an extensive programme of experimental and theoretical studies should be supported. By calling on the resources of scientists in the fields of neutron physics, cosmic ray physics and general dosimetry it was felt that a successful investigation could be undertaken using the techniques and expertise of all concerned. By employing a wide range of detectors on several routes, both on subsonic and supersonic aircraft, a detailed set of measurements was obtained over a five- year period. Many of the measurements were made simultaneously by several instruments on the same flights so that intercomparison of results was possible. Detectors were also deployed on high altitude mountains to facilitate extrapolation of data to lower altitudes for verification of theoretical models. Instruments were calibrated in the CERN-CEC reference field ...

  17. Presenting: Research and Educational Innovation with Video Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez, Laura; del Moral, M. Esther

    2015-01-01

    Video games are starting to be considered for uses other than mere entertainment or recreation--as vehicles that promote implicit learning, given their attractive formula for training different types of cognitive skills (observation, memory, problem solving, etc.); as catalysts for learning processes; and even as learning contexts in themselves.…

  18. Research on airway inflammation: present status in Mainland China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zeng-li

    2005-01-01

    @@ Airway inflammation involving activated eosinophils, mast cells and T lymphocytes is an established feature of asthma and has been the key target to treatment. Airway structural changes that occur in patients with asthma in response to persistent inflammation are termed airway remodeling.

  19. Bulgarian Megaliths - Present State and Future Research Directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsonev, L. V.; Kolev, D. Z.

    A first attempt is made to provide a global picture of the megaliths in Thrace (South East Europe); also the problems related to their dating are explicated. The location and the conventional (indirect) dating of the menhirs and dolmens mainly in Bulgaria, but partially also in Greece and Turkey are summarized. The necessity of direct dating - preferably by luminescence means - is discussed. International collaboration is proposed for creating a full and precise picture of the Thracian megaliths within the chronological framework of the pan-European (Mediterranean) megalithic region.

  20. Biology of large bowel cancer. Present status and research frontiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipkin, M

    1975-12-01

    Man and laboratory rodents exposed to chemical carcinogens both show changes in growth characteristics of colonic epithelial cells during neoplastic transformation. Progressive phases of abnormal cell development appear in colonic epithelial cells which gain an increased ability to proliferate and accumulate in the mucosa. These phases in the expression of neoplastic transformation of colonic cells are best defined in the dominant inherited disease of man as adenomatosis of the colon and rectum. Individuals with inherited adenomatosis and those in lesser risk categories can be classified by cell phenotype based on changes in the proliferation and maturation of colonic and other cells. These classifications are leading to new predictive indices which identify heightened degrees of susceptibility of individuals who are at increased risk for colon cancer, and the stage of development of their disease. The indices also are being used to study the contribution of specific elements in the enviroment that modify or accelerate the progression of disease.

  1. Present Status of Physics Research in Spain: Some Impressionistic Remarks,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-08

    Asesora de eration and Development (OECD) publica- Investigacion Cientffica y Tecnica tion, "Science and Technology Indica- (CAICYT), which is an...particle theory), ground out of the way, I would like now solid state physics, and molecular phys- to concentrate, in a not very systematic manner, on

  2. CLIL Research in Europe: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Canado, Maria Luisa

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a comprehensive, updated, and critical approximation to the sizeable literature which has been produced on the increasingly acknowledged European approach to bilingual education: content and language integrated learning (CLIL). It begins by tracing the origins of CLIL, framing it against the backdrop of its predecessors:…

  3. Study on Present Development of Academic Research in Higher Vocational Colleges and Necessity of Relying on Scientific and Academic Research to Rejuvenate Higher Vocational Education%高职科研形势分析和实施“科研兴校”战略之必然

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进思

    2012-01-01

    The four major responsibilities of higher vocational education are training qualified workforce, undertaking scientific and academic research project, serving the social development and inheriting and passing on culture. To higher vocational colleges, the paper maintains that training qualified workforce is the core and the most important, while the scientific and academic research is the supporting force, serving social development is the ultimate objective, passing on culture is the fundamental responsibility. After studying the recent development of scientific and academic research in higher vocation colleges, the paper puts forward that the scientific and academic research is growing in importance, con- sidering which researchers and scholars should be motivated to devote themselves to the academic research. Finally, it elaborates on the necessity of relying on scientific and academic research to rejuvenate higher vocational education.%高职教育四大职能:"培养人才、科学研究、社会服务、文化传承",人才培养是核心,科学研究是支撑,社会服务是需要,文化传承是根本,科研工作的重要地位日益明显。为了提高高职教育工作者的科研积极性,文章分析了高职当前科研工作形势,阐述了实施"科研兴校"战略的必然要求。

  4. Mathematical Reasoning in Teachers' Presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergqvist, Tomas; Lithner, Johan

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a study of the opportunities presented to students that allow them to learn different types of mathematical reasoning during teachers' ordinary task solving presentations. The characteristics of algorithmic and creative reasoning that are seen in the presentations are analyzed. We find that most task solutions are based on…

  5. Research circles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Thomsen, Rie; Möller, Jonas

    lifelong guidance policies. This paper presents `research circles´ as a way to develop guidance practices through long-term research relationships between practice and research. Research circles support a bottom up approach to policy development just like ELGPN considers to be necessary and required...... in career guidance development. In the paper we draw on the preliminary findings from an ongoing Nordic project: “The future of career guidance and educational counselling”. Specifically, we explore the career guidance practitioners´ response to research circles as means to professional development. We...... argue that this practicebased way of organizing research facilitates learning, and potentially, qualifies practice. The collaboration between researchers and practitioners in the research circle fosters a joint venture and an academic perspective on practice, which stimulates practitioners to step out...

  6. METHODS FOR PERFECTING PRESENTATION SKILLS

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela N. Ilieva - Koleva

    2014-01-01

    Presentation skills are crucial for the nowadays managers and business people. This article aims to examine different traditional and unconventional methods for enhancing and perfecting presentation skills. It provides suggestions on how to structure a presentation, what type of verbal language to include, and pays significant attention to body language during presentations, as well as to the relation between the presenter and the audience. The paper highlights a variety of instruments and te...

  7. Put Power into Your Presentations: Using Presentation Software Effectively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safransky, Robert J.; Burmeister, Marsha L.

    2009-01-01

    Microsoft PowerPoint, Apple Keynote, and OpenOffice Impress are relatively common tools in the classroom and in the boardroom these days. What makes presentation software so popular? As the Chinese proverb declares, a picture is worth a thousand words. People like visual presentations. Presentation software can make even a dull subject come to…

  8. ‘Still Game’: An analysis of the life history and career disappointments of one veteran male teacher of physical education in Scotland. Paper presented at British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference, September 6th-8th, Institute of Education, London.

    OpenAIRE

    Thorburn, Malcolm

    2011-01-01

    Relatively little is known about veteran teachers’ lives and especially of veteran teachers who have failed to secure promoted teaching positions. In Hextall’s et al., (2007) bibliography of research on teachers’ lives, the predominant focus is on professionalism and professional development with much less on the tensions of teaching for many years and of how lack of desired career progression impacts on teachers’ identity. In investigating these dilemmas, this presentation reports on the lif...

  9. Superconductivity: Past, present, and future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uherka, K.L.

    1992-06-01

    This paper provides an overview of superconductor research and development activities, with emphasis on the potential of high-{Tc} materials for future applications. Superconductor applications are grouped under the following categories: electronics/instrumentation, bulk material/castings, research devices, industrial/commercial, electric power, and transportation/propulsion. Near-term applications are typically based on thin film and cast forms of high-{Tc} materials, while large-scale applications requiring long lengths of wire are considered intermediate to long term. As a major side benefit of high-{Tc} superconductor research, renewed interest is being focused on the use of low-{Tc} materials for large-scale applications.

  10. Superconductivity: Past, present, and future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uherka, K.L.

    1992-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of superconductor research and development activities, with emphasis on the potential of high-{Tc} materials for future applications. Superconductor applications are grouped under the following categories: electronics/instrumentation, bulk material/castings, research devices, industrial/commercial, electric power, and transportation/propulsion. Near-term applications are typically based on thin film and cast forms of high-{Tc} materials, while large-scale applications requiring long lengths of wire are considered intermediate to long term. As a major side benefit of high-{Tc} superconductor research, renewed interest is being focused on the use of low-{Tc} materials for large-scale applications.

  11. English Presentation Skills of Thai Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukitkanaporn, Thitibhada; Phoocharoensil, Supakorn

    2014-01-01

    This study addresses the English Presentation skills of graduate students and explores the ways to improve their skills. A cross-sectional research survey study was conducted among 26 students of the Master of Arts Program in English for Careers at Thammasat University, Thailand. The results showed that there are some statistically significant…

  12. Viral Marketing Past Present Future

    OpenAIRE

    Nessipbekova, Zarina

    2010-01-01

    The work studies the viral marketing. These are past viral campaigns, viral campaigns today, and evaluates their actuality. The work tries to predict the development of viral marketing on the basis of the research done by the author.

  13. Poster presentations: valuing all forms of evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halligan, Phil

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to assist readers who are considering submitting a poster presentation to a conference to appreciate their true worth and demonstrate the important contribution they can make to nursing scholarship and secondly, to provide new insights to conference reviewers who have the task of selecting appropriate contributions for conferences. The author will argue that the use of poster presentations is an ideal opportunity to disseminate research findings and clinical innovations. It offers a new, interesting, and thought-provoking perspective on poster presentations, which includes appraisal of extant literature and reflections about the significance of poster presentations to nursing scholarship. It highlights the benefits of submitting a poster presentation and concludes with some key points for conference reviewers to consider when deciding to select the suitability of abstracts for poster presentations or concurrent sessions.

  14. Integral Presentations of Catalan Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dana-Picard, Thierry

    2010-01-01

    We compute in three different ways the same definite parametric integral. By-products are the derivation of a combinatorial identity and two integral presentations of Catalan numbers. One of them leads to a presentation using the [gamma] function.

  15. Langerhans cell histiocytosis presenting as hypothyroid goitre: a unique presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marupudi, Krishna Chaitanya; Karanth, Suman S; Thomas, Joseph

    2014-12-02

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disease involving the antigen presenting cells, which can range from a single system involvement with an indolent course to a multisystem disease with increased morbidity. We present a rare case of LCH presenting as hypothyroid goitre that was successfully treated as per the LCH III trial protocol with a combination of vinblastine and oral prednisolone. We highlight the need for awareness of this rare presentation of LCH as a painless goitre which is often misdiagnosed as poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma or overlooked as a benign disease.

  16. Researcher Interjecting in Qualitative Race Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren Mizock

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In qualitative interviews, moments when the researcher departs from the research script can highlight how researcher-participant race interactions may differentially affect results. In the present study, 40 qualitative interviews between Black- and White-identified researchers and participants were analyzed to assess the influence of researcher race in deviations from the interview script. Excerpts from these mono-racial and cross-racial research dyads are presented to highlight the function and value of researcher interjecting in multicultural research. Suggestions and implications for future qualitative research on issues of race, ethnicity, and culture are delineated. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1102134

  17. Dressed to Present: Ratings of Classroom Presentations Vary with Attire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurung, Regan A. R.; Kempen, Laura; Klemm, Kayla; Senn, Rebecca; Wysocki, Rosie

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of formality of dress on ratings of classroom presentations. Participants (N = 65, 66% women) from a Midwestern university in the United States rated three female students giving a presentation designed for a health psychology class in one of four outfits: casual, party, business casual, or business formal.…

  18. Isolated Torticollis May Present as an Atypical Presentation of Meningitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Chirurgi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Bacterial meningitis is a life-threatening medical emergency that requires urgent diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis is infrequently missed if the patient presents with the classic symptoms of fever, headache, rash, nuchal rigidity, or Kernig or Brudzinski sign. However, it may be less obvious in neonates, elderly, or immunocompromised patients. Meningitis which presents as isolated torticollis, without any other signs or symptoms, is exceedingly rare. Objective. To identify an abnormal presentation of meningitis in an adult immunocompromised patient. Case Report. We present a case of an adult diabetic male who presented multiple times to the ED with complaint of isolated torticollis, who ultimately was diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. Conclusion. We propose that in the absence of sufficient explanation for acute painful torticollis in an immunocompromised adult patient, further evaluation, possibly including a lumbar puncture may be warranted.

  19. Is there an educator present?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, René Boyer; Nortvig, Anne-Mette; Rosenlund, Lea Tilde

    2015-01-01

    on learners and outcome as well as suitable business models. Research has shown that online learners are normally older students (Doyle 2009, Galy et al. 2011), and because most of them have jobs and family that take up a lot of their time, they are less likely to prioritize social activities (Kahu et al...... amount of research occupied with a focus on what happens when academic staff finds themselves in a situation where are asked to re-construct themselves as MOOC educators (MOOC-utvalget 2013). Thus, the focus on MOOC educators (We use this term for teachers working in teacher education designing...

  20. Combinatorial and computational mathematics present and future

    CERN Document Server

    Hong, Sungpyo; Kim, Ki Hang; Roush, Fred W

    2001-01-01

    This book describes and summarizes past work in important areas of combinatorics and computation, as well as gives directions for researchers working in these areas in the 21st century. It contains primarily survey papers and presents original research by Peter Fishburn, Jim Ho Kwak, Jaeun Lee, K H Kim, F W Roush and Susan Williams. The papers deal with some of the most exciting and promising developments in the areas of coding theory in relation to number theory, lattice theory and its applications, graph theory and its applications, topological techniques in combinatorics, symbolic dynamics