WorldWideScience

Sample records for caltech researchers presenting

  1. NUST-CERN-CALTECH jointly present showcase demo

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    A demonstration of the Grid for physics analysis will be presented by a collective team comprising Caltech (USA), CERN (Switzerland), KEK (Japan), Sinica (Taiwan), UERJ (Rio De Janiro), PUB (Bucharestand) and NUST (Pakistan) at the ITU Telecom World 2003 Youth Forum & Exhibition in Geneva (1/2 page).

  2. Doctoral Research Presentations

    OpenAIRE

    Thomson, Alison; Plummer-Fernandez, Matthew; Yurman, Paulina; Migliore, Enza; Gray, Nicola; Yang, Ya-huei; Hogan, Nicola; Kerridge, Tobie

    2015-01-01

    The Department of Design has a thriving community of scholars and practitioners engaged in doctoral research. In this session students,graduates and visiting researchers will present their research covering a broad range of topics and research interests.

  3. Developing an Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program for Caltech's Tectonics Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovalenko, L.; Jain, K.; Maloney, J.

    2012-12-01

    The Caltech Tectonics Observatory (TO) is an interdisciplinary center, focused on geological processes occurring at the boundaries of Earth's tectonic plates (http://www.tectonics.caltech.edu). Over the past four years, the TO has made a major effort to develop an Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program. Our goals are to (1) inspire students to learn Earth Sciences, particularly tectonic processes, (2) inform and educate the general public about science in the context of TO discoveries, and (3) provide opportunities for graduate students, postdocs, and faculty to do outreach in the local K-12 schools and community colleges. Our work toward these goals includes hosting local high school teachers and students each summer for six weeks of research experience (as part of Caltech's "Summer Research Connection"); organizing and hosting an NAGT conference aimed at Geoscience teachers at community colleges; participating in teacher training workshops (organized by the local school district); hosting tours for K-12 students from local schools as well as from China; and bringing hands-on activities into local elementary, middle, and high school classrooms. We also lead local school students and teachers on geology field trips through nearby canyons; develop education modules for undergraduate classes (as part of MARGINS program); write educational web articles on TO research (http://www.tectonics.caltech.edu/outreach/highlights/), and regularly give presentations to the general public. This year, we started providing content expertise for the development of video games to teach Earth Science, being created by GameDesk Institute. And we have just formed a scientist/educator partnership with a 6th grade teacher, to help in the school district's pilot program to incorporate new national science standards (NSTA's Next Generation Science Standards, current draft), as well as use Project-Based Learning. This presentation gives an overview of these activities.

  4. 2016 Research Final Presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koskelo, EliseAnne Corinne [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-08-16

    These are slides which show an example of research at Los Alamos National Laboratory done by E.C. Koskelo to show college professors in the hopes of earning a research position or fellowship position. In summary, this researcher developed a new in-situ technique for the inspection of additively manufactured parts, created an algorithm which can correct "skewed" scans of angular parts/taken at oblique angles, and used AWS to detect hidden defects and thickness changes in aerospace composites.

  5. Repurposing the Caltech Robinson Hall Coelostat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treffers, Richard R.; Loisos, G.; Ubbelohde, M.; Douglas, S.; Martinez, M.

    2013-01-01

    We describe the repurposing of the historic coelostat atop Caltech’s Robinson Hall for building lighting, public education and scientific research. The coelostat was originally part of George Ellery Hale’s vision of the Astrophysical Laboratory on the Caltech campus in 1932. The coelostat, designed by Russell Porter, has a 36 inch diameter primary mirror a 30 inch diameter secondary mirror and provides a 24 inch un-vignetted beam of sunlight into the building. Although constructed in the 1930s, due to wartime pressures and other projects, it was used only briefly in the 1970s and never fully realized. Recently Robinson Hall has been fully renovated to house the Ronald and Maxine Linde Center for Global Environmental Science. The coelostat operation was modernized replacing the old motors and automating all the motions. Each morning, if the weather cooperates, the dome slit opens, the mirrors configured and sunlight pours into the building. The beam of sunlight is divided into three parts. One part goes into a refracting telescope which projects a ten inch diameter of the sun onto a ground glass screen visible to the public. A second fraction is distributed to fiber optic fixtures that illuminate some of the basement rooms. The final fraction goes into two laboratories where it is used in experiments monitoring trace constituents of our atmosphere and for solar catalysis experiments. The instrument as originally conceived required at least two human operators. Now it is fully automatic and doing real science

  6. 350 micron Polarimetry from the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory

    CERN Document Server

    Dotson, Jessie L; Kirby, Larry; Dowell, C Darren; Hildebrand, Roger H; Davidson, Jacqueline A

    2010-01-01

    We present a summary of data obtained with the 350 micron polarimeter, Hertz, at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. We give tabulated results and maps showing polarization vectors and flux contours. The summary includes over 4300 individual measurements in 56 Galactic sources and 2 galaxies. Of these measurements, 2153 have P >= 3\\sigma_p statistical significance. The median polarization of the entire data set is 1.46%.

  7. Presenting and Evaluating Qualitative Research

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Claire

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to help authors to think about ways to present qualitative research papers in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. It also discusses methods for reviewers to assess the rigour, quality, and usefulness of qualitative research. Examples of different ways to present data from interviews, observations, and focus groups are included. The paper concludes with guidance for publishing qualitative research and a checklist for authors and reviewers.

  8. Research Ethics Timeline (1932-Present)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the $2 billion Manhattan Project to develop an atomic bomb. 1944-1980s The U.S. government sponsors secret research ... and military personnel. 1945 The US drops two atomic bombs on Japan. 1945 Led by Pres. Eisenhower and ...

  9. Design Goals for Federated Services across Caltech CODA

    OpenAIRE

    Sponsler, Ed

    2005-01-01

    Caltech CODA currently exists as 15 individual archives. Fortunately, each is an OAI Data Provider which allows OAI Service Providers the opportunity to federate the content into a central database for searching or other end user services. Ideally though, Caltech Library will design a Union Catalog using the OAI-PMH. This central database would provide a local implementation of a federated search interface, using a modification of eprints.org software. The Catalog would also support other epr...

  10. Presentation : a field of research

    OpenAIRE

    Daunay, Bertrand; Plane, Sylvie; Tauveron, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Repères is a scientific journal listed by the European Reference Index for the Humanities (ERIH) that publishes French-language research into the didactics of French as a native or first language. “Didactics” in French refers to a field of research that seeks to understand and describe learning and teaching contents within school subjects. This is why the didactics of mathematics, science, technology and French (as a foreign language or as mother tongue) as well as other didactics have develo...

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Second Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI Survey. II. (Henstock+ 1995)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henstock, D. R.; Browne, I. W. A.; Wilkinson, P. N.; Taylor, G. B.; Vermeulen, R. C.; Pearson, T. J.; Readhead, A. C. S.

    1996-10-01

    This is the second of two papers presenting the Second Caltech- Jodrell Bank VLBI survey (CJ2). The CJ2 sample consists of 193 flat- and gigahertz-peaked-spectrum sources selected at 4850 MHz. In this paper we present images of the remaining 102 sources with ~1 mas resolution, obtained using VLBI snapshot observations at 4992 MHz with a global array. We also present integrated radio spectra for the entire CJ2 sample. (2 data files).

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Second Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI Survey. I. (Taylor+ 1994)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, G. B.; Vermeulen, R. C.; Pearson, T. J.; Readhead, A. C. S.; Henstock, D. R.; Browne, I. W. A.; Wilkinson, P. N.

    1996-10-01

    We define the sample for the second Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI survey. This is a sample of 193 flat- or gigahertz-peaked-spectrum sources selected at 4850 MHz. This paper presents images of 91 sources with a resolution of ~1 mas, obtained using VLBI observations at 4992 MHz with a global array. The remaining images and the integrated radio spectra will be presented in a forthcoming paper by Henstock et al. (4 data files).

  13. Caltech computer scientists develop FAST protocol to speed up Internet

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Caltech computer scientists have developed a new data transfer protocol for the Internet fast enough to download a full-length DVD movie in less than five seconds. The protocol is called FAST, standing for Fast Active queue management Scalable Transmission Control Protocol" (1 page).

  14. Technology Development for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory Balanced Receivers

    CERN Document Server

    Kooi, J W; Monje, R; Force, B; Miller, D; Phillips, T G

    2012-01-01

    The Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO) is located on top of Mauna Kea, Hawaii, at an altitude of 4.2 km. The existing suite of facility heterodyne receivers covering the submillimeter band is rapidly aging and in need of replacement. To facilitate deep integrations and automated spectral line surveys, a family of remote programmable, synthesized, dual-frequency balanced receivers covering the astronomical important 180 - 720 GHz atmospheric windows is in an advanced stage of development. Installation of the first set of receivers is expected in the spring of 2012. Dual-frequency observation will be an important mode of operation offered by the new facility instrumentation. Two band observations are accomplished by separating the H and V polarizations of the incoming signal and routing them via folded optics to the appropriate polarization sensitive balanced mixer. Scientifically this observation mode facilitates pointing for the higher receiver band under mediocre weather conditions and a doubling of sci...

  15. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1) Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2) environmental impact of construction projects 3) construction management and safety 4) project p...

  16. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1 Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2 environmental impact of construction projects 3 construction management and safety 4 project procurement 5 construction management for major public works & complex projects

  17. International Business Research: Past, Present and Future

    OpenAIRE

    David A Ricks

    1985-01-01

    The Editors of the Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS) always try to publish the best international business research. Unfortunately, there will probably never be a simple response to the question, What constitutes excellent international business research? We might make some progress, however, if we first attempt to define international business research and then identify several noteworthy examples.© 1985 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1985) 16, 1–4

  18. Bubbler condenser related research work. Present situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intensive discussions within the OECD Support Group on 'VVER-440 Bubbler Condenser Containment Research Work' between 1991 and 1994 demonstrated the need for supplementary research work to achieve an adequate level of basic knowledge. In 1994, the European Commission (EC) asked for a specific 'VVER-440/213 Bubble Condenser Qualification Feasibility Study', which was finished early in 1996, confirming the need for additional research in this field. The Feasibility study formed the basis for the Bubble Condenser Experimental Qualification Project (BCEQ) with two separate experimental activities to be executed within the frame of the PHARE/TACIS 2.13/95 project of the European Commission. A first activity served to study the thermal-hydraulic phenomena and the associated structure dynamic interactions. This part of the project was performed at EREC, in Elektrogorsk, Russia. The design of the test facility was based on the prototypical bubbler condenser configuration for the Hungarian Paks nuclear power plant. A second activity addressed the structural integrity of certain components of the bubbler condenser steel structures under DBA-typical conditions. This part of the project was performed at VUEZ, in Levice, Slovak Republic. The design of the components of this facility was based on the structural properties of the Dukovany and/or Bohunice nuclear power plants. A third component of the BCEQ project was specified later asking for analytical studies, which should be supported by a number of small-scale separate effects tests to be performed at SVUSS, in Bechovice, Czech Republic. The main experimental and analytical results of the BCEQ test campaigns have been presented and discussed within the frame of the 4. meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee to the BCEQ (Bubble Condenser Experimental Qualification) Project in Brussels in December 1999 and on occasion of the 11. OECD Support Group Meeting in Berlin in April 2000. The discussions had evidenced several

  19. The Caltech Tomography Database and Automatic Processing Pipeline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, H Jane; Oikonomou, Catherine M; Jensen, Grant J

    2015-11-01

    Here we describe the Caltech Tomography Database and automatic image processing pipeline, designed to process, store, display, and distribute electron tomographic data including tilt-series, sample information, data collection parameters, 3D reconstructions, correlated light microscope images, snapshots, segmentations, movies, and other associated files. Tilt-series are typically uploaded automatically during collection to a user's "Inbox" and processed automatically, but can also be entered and processed in batches via scripts or file-by-file through an internet interface. As with the video website YouTube, each tilt-series is represented on the browsing page with a link to the full record, a thumbnail image and a video icon that delivers a movie of the tomogram in a pop-out window. Annotation tools allow users to add notes and snapshots. The database is fully searchable, and sets of tilt-series can be selected and re-processed, edited, or downloaded to a personal workstation. The results of further processing and snapshots of key results can be recorded in the database, automatically linked to the appropriate tilt-series. While the database is password-protected for local browsing and searching, datasets can be made public and individual files can be shared with collaborators over the Internet. Together these tools facilitate high-throughput tomography work by both individuals and groups. PMID:26087141

  20. Research in Army Training: Present and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Meredith P.

    The paper shows the method of application of proven research procedures to Army training and illustrates the usefulness of research techniques in making training more effective and efficient. Objective measurements of soldier proficiency in common military skills and knowledge are described. (Author/se)

  1. Present status of HTGR research and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report briefly describes the progress of the construction of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), Research and Development (R and D) on the advanced technologies for the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) and international cooperation in the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) in 1991. (J.P.N.)

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: First Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI Survey. II. (Thakkar+ 1995)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakkar, D. D.; Xu, W.; Readhead, A. C. S.; Pearson, T. J.; Taylor, G. B.; Vermeulen, R. C.; Polatidis, A. G.; Wilkinson, P. N.

    1996-10-01

    We report lambda-18 cm VLBI observations made in 1991 September of a further 25 objects from the first Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI Survey (the CJ1 survey). The CJ1 sample is a complete, flux-density limited sample of 135 radio sources with total flux density at lambda-6cm between 0.7 and 1.3Jy. These observations complete the lambda-18cm part of the survey. Together with the results of Paper I (Polatidis et al., ), we have now observed 81 CJ1 sources at lambda-18cm. Later papers in the series will present lambda-6cm observations and the analysis and interpretation of the results. (2 data files).

  3. Researching Stonehenge: Theories Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Parker Pearson

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Over the years archaeologists connected with the Institute of Archaeology and UCL have made substantial contributions to the study of Stonehenge, the most enigmatic of all the prehistoric stone circles in Britain. Two of the early researchers were Petrie and Childe. More recently, colleagues in UCL’s Anthropology department – Barbara Bender and Chris Tilley – have also studied and written about the monument in its landscape. Mike Parker Pearson, who joined the Institute in 2012, has been leading a 10-year-long research programme on Stonehenge and, in this paper, he outlines the history and current state of research.

  4. Environmental physiology research presented at ICEE2013

    OpenAIRE

    Cotter, James David; Lucas, Samuel John Edwin; Mündel, Toby

    2013-01-01

    The 15th International Conference on Environmental Ergonomics, Queenstown, New Zealand, February 11 to 15, 2013 (ICEE2013) brought together researchers interested in work and exercise physiology, safety, comfort and performance in various stressful and extreme environments.

  5. Present challenges of research and technology politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulow, A. V.

    1982-01-01

    Research and technology in Germany are discussed. The rapid transfer of scientific knowledge and techniques from the laboratory to the manufacturing and industrial communities is identified as a priority. It is recommended that the government give maximum support to the aviation and space flight industries.

  6. Voyager, a journey into the unknown - an interview with Ed Stone (Caltech), Voyager project scientist

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video productions; Piotr Traczyk

    2012-01-01

    Voyager, a journey into the unknown - an interview with Ed Stone (Caltech), Voyager project scientist, interviewed on the 100th anniversary of the discovery of Cosmic Rays conference, Spaceparts, at CERN in November 2012.

  7. Present status of iodine research at IPSN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bardelay, J. [IPSN/DPEA/SEAC (France)

    1996-12-01

    Since several years, IPSN has conducted an effort in order to evaluate the release of radioactive iodine in case of hypothetical severe accident in a realistic manner. This source-term evaluation is performed with IODE code which is a module of the EXCADRE system of codes. This code is validated against: -analytical experiments: in these experiments, IPSN studies radiolytic effects and chemical processes in the sump, organic formation, mass transfer, effect of spray (CARAIDAS experiment), - the CAIMAN semi global experiment; this experiment will allow to study the phenomena linked to iodine behavior under representative containment geometry in the presence of painted surfaces and global irradiation, - the PHEBUS FP program. The paper consists to describe succinctly the current status of IODE and the various experiments for its validation. In case of hypothetical severe accident iodine can induce important perturbations of human organism. The effects are principally radiological, in particular on the thyroid. At short term, radioactive iodine is the most important contributor for the sanitary risk. It represents 55% of effective dose and 92% of thyroid dose at 10 km in case of controlled rejects with current assumptions. This is the reason why it must be actively studied. In France, the safety evaluations are performed with mechanistic codes or lumped parameter codes like EXCADRE which contains a module devoted to iodine studies: IODINE. The objective of the French experimental program on iodine is to understand and quantify important phenomena in order to put kinetic parameters in IODE module. The experiments can be classified in analytical experiments, the semi-global experiment CAIMAN which takes into account different phenomena studied in analytical experiments and the global experiment PHEBUS PF, not only devoted to iodine behavior study. In the following text we will present the needs of IODINE code and these different experiments. (author).

  8. A neural network-based approach to noise identification of interferometric GW antennas: the case of the 40 m Caltech laser interferometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a neural network-based approach is presented for the real time noise identification of a GW laser interferometric antenna. The 40 m Caltech laser interferometer output data provide a realistic test bed for noise identification algorithms because of the presence of many relevant effects: violin resonances in the suspensions, main power harmonics, ring-down noise from servo control systems, electronic noises, glitches and so on. These effects can be assumed to be present in all the first interferometric long baseline GW antennas such as VIRGO, LIGO, GEO and TAMA. For noise identification, we used the Caltech-40 m laser interferometer data. The results we obtained are pretty good notwithstanding the high initial computational cost. The algorithm we propose is general and robust, taking into account that it does not require a priori information on the data, nor a precise model, and it constitutes a powerful tool for time series data analysis

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: First Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI Survey. III (Xu+ 1995)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, W.; Readhead, A. C. S.; Pearson, T. J.; Polatidis, A. G.; Wilkinson, P. N.

    1996-02-01

    We present the 5GHz results from the first Caltech-Jodrell Bank (CJ1) VLBI survey. The 1.6GHz maps were presented in two separate papers, Polatidis et al. and Thakkar et al. . These three papers complete the first stage of this program to map at both 1.6 and 5GHz all objects accessible to Mark II VLBI in the complete sample of 135 objects with 1.3>S(5Ghz)>=0.7Jy, Dec(1950)>=35deg, and |b|>10deg. The combination of the CJ1 sample with the Pearson-Readhead (PR) sample provides a complete, flux density-limited sample of 200 objects with S(5GHz)>=0.7Jy, Dec(1950)>=35deg, |b|>10deg for which all of the objects accessible to Mark II VLBI have been mapped at both 5GHz (129 objects) and 1.6GHz (132 objects). In addition to the 5GHz VLBI maps, we present in this paper 5GHz MERLIN observations of 20 objects and 1.4GHz VLA observations of 92 objects in the combined CJ1 + PR sample. The VLA maps, together with L-band (1.3-1.7GHz) maps available in the literature, provide a complete set of VLA maps for the combined CJ1 + PR sample. Finally, we present the radio spectra of the objects in the CJ1 sample. The combined CJ1 + PR VLBI surveys provide a sample which is large enough for a number of important astrophysical and cosmological studies. These will be presented in further papers in this series. (4 data files).

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: First Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI Survey. I. (Polatidis+ 1995)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polatidis, A. G.; Wilkinson, P. N.; Xu, W.; Readhead, A. C. S.; Pearson, T. J.; Taylor, G. B.; Vermeulen, R. C.

    1996-10-01

    We present the first results from the first Caltech-Jodrell Bank VLBI survey (the CJ1 survey). The CJ1 sample includes 135 radio sources with total flux density 1.3Jy>S_6cm>=0.7Jy, declination delta_1950>=35deg, and Galactic latitude |b^II|>10deg. It extends the flux density limit of the complete "PR" sample studied by Pearson & Readhead from 1.3 to 0.7Jy and increases the total number of sources from 65 to 200. The complete survey includes VLBI images at both lambda-18 and 6cm of all objects in the extended sample that have cores strong enough to be mapped with the Mark II VLBI system. These images provide a large enough sample to study, for example, the variety of morphologies exhibited by compact radio sources, cosmological evolution, superluminal motion, and misalignment between parsec-scale and kiloparsec-scale radio structures. In this paper we present lambda-18cm VLBI observations of 56 CJ1 and 31 PR sources made in 1990-1991, including images of 82 sources. The observations were made with a "snapshot" technique in which each source was observed in three 20-30-minute scans using an array of 12-16 antennas. The images have resolution 3-10mas and dynamic range greater than 100:1. Later papers in the series will present the remaining lambda-18cm observations, the lambda-6cm observations, and the analysis and interpretation of the results. (4 data files).

  11. Chautauqua County: Past and Present. Research Guide No. 53.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Franciska, Comp.

    A research guide citing over 100 annotations presents a variety of research material on Chautauqua County (New York) available in the Reed Library (Fredonia, New York). The guide consists of three major parts. Part 1 addresses the novice with an examination of the basic steps of research. Special attention is given to the card catalog. This part…

  12. The present status of research at the Magnetic Observatory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this presentation is to outline research presently being pursued at the Magnetic Obsservatory. In order to appreciate this research, it is necessary that we first briefly examine the laboratory in which it is carried out, namely, the earth's magnetic environment. We then review each of the research fields in turn. The first two with which we deal are magnetospheric substorms and geomagnetic pulsations, which have their origins far above the earth's surface in the region known as the magnetosphere. Then coming closer to earth we consider solar quiet time (Sq) variations which originate mainly in the ionosphere. Next, down on earth, we look at a recently commenced project to model the surface geomagnetic field. Finally, going below ground level, we consider magneto-telluric studies. For each of these research projects, we present a general background description, describe some specific research results obtained by Magnetic Observatory staff over the past few years, and point out projects planned for the future

  13. Present status of BNCT at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, we have two facilities for BNCT such as a reactor-based and an accelerator-based neutron source. In this article, we will present the characteristics overview of both facilities. (author)

  14. The present use of guinea pigs for chiropractic research *

    OpenAIRE

    McGregor, Marion; Wiles, Michael R.; Grice, Adrian S.

    1980-01-01

    The necessity for an animal model in chiropractic research is considered and a short review of previous experimentation of manipulation on animals is presented. The guinea pig is proposed as a suitable animal model, and research into its suitability is presented. Analysis includes the animal’s physical characteristics, the choice of anesthetic and parametric and roentgenographic evaluation. A device for supporting the anesthetized animal during standard and motion roentgenographic examination...

  15. Current Status of the DPOSS Effort at Caltech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odewahn, S. C.

    1998-05-01

    We discuss the current status of a three-color survey of fields of the digitized Second Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (DPOSS). Eventually, the DPOSS catalogs will be released to the astronomical community. The final catalog will contain an estimated minimum of 50,000,000 (50 million) galaxies, and over 2,000,000,000 (2 billion) stars, down to the equivalent blue limiting magnitude of 22., and with star-galaxy classifications accurate to 90% or better down to the equivalent blue magnitude of 21. An important addition is a program to collect extensive CCD calibration data in the Gunn gri system with the Palomar 60". This represents a considerable advance over other, currently existing optical sky surveys based on large-format photographic plates. A great variety of scientific projects should become possible using this major data set, including the following: studies of galaxy clustering and of the large-scale structure in the low-redshift universe, as tests of structure formation models; galaxy counts at moderate depth, as a function of magnitudes, colors, and morphology, to be used in tests of galaxy evolution over the past few Gigayears; a search for high redshift (z > 4) quasars, and active galactic nuclei at lower redshifts; mass optical identifications of radio, IR, and x-ray sources; generation of objectively defined catalogs of clusters and groups of galaxies; a search for previously unknown sparse globular clusters and dwarf spheroidal galaxies; cataloging of low surface brightness galaxies; a search for objects with peculiar colors or variability; and many others. In particular, we review efforts to perform automatic galaxy classification using artificial neural network image classifiers. This powerful technique is used to map a multivariate photometric parameter space to the revised Hubble system of galaxy classification. We present a new morphological classification approach using Fourier image models to identify barred and ringed spiral systems.

  16. Partnering for functional genomics research conference: Abstracts of poster presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    This reports contains abstracts of poster presentations presented at the Functional Genomics Research Conference held April 16--17, 1998 in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Attention is focused on the following areas: mouse mutagenesis and genomics; phenotype screening; gene expression analysis; DNA analysis technology development; bioinformatics; comparative analyses of mouse, human, and yeast sequences; and pilot projects to evaluate methodologies.

  17. The cryomechanical design of MUSIC: a novel imaging instrument for millimeter-wave astrophysics at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollister, Matthew I.; Czakon, Nicole G.; Day, Peter K.; Downes, Thomas P.; Duan, Ran; Gao, Jiansong; Glenn, Jason; Golwala, Sunil R.; LeDuc, Henry G.; Maloney, Philip R.; Mazin, Benjamin A.; Nguyen, Hien Trong; Noroozian, Omid; Sayers, Jack; Schlaerth, James; Siegel, Seth; Vaillancourt, John E.; Vayonakis, Anastasios; Wilson, Philip; Zmuidzinas, Jonas

    2010-07-01

    MUSIC (Multicolor Submillimeter kinetic Inductance Camera) is a new facility instrument for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (Mauna Kea, Hawaii) developed as a collaborative effect of Caltech, JPL, the University of Colorado at Boulder and UC Santa Barbara, and is due for initial commissioning in early 2011. MUSIC utilizes a new class of superconducting photon detectors known as microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs), an emergent technology that offers considerable advantages over current types of detectors for submillimeter and millimeter direct detection. MUSIC will operate a focal plane of 576 spatial pixels, where each pixel is a slot line antenna coupled to multiple detectors through on-chip, lumped-element filters, allowing simultaneously imaging in four bands at 0.86, 1.02, 1.33 and 2.00 mm. The MUSIC instrument is designed for closed-cycle operation, combining a pulse tube cooler with a two-stage Helium-3 adsorption refrigerator, providing a focal plane temperature of 0.25 K with intermediate temperature stages at approximately 50, 4 and 0.4 K for buffering heat loads and heat sinking of optical filters. Detector readout is achieved using semi-rigid coaxial cables from room temperature to the focal plane, with cryogenic HEMT amplifiers operating at 4 K. Several hundred detectors may be multiplexed in frequency space through one signal line and amplifier. This paper discusses the design of the instrument cryogenic hardware, including a number of features unique to the implementation of superconducting detectors. Predicted performance data for the instrument system will also be presented and discussed.

  18. Presentation of research in anesthesia: Culmination into publication?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Tyagi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To assess the quality of research presentations made in conferences, its success or failure to be published in a peer-reviewed journal is a well-accepted marker. However, there is no data regarding the publication of research presentations made in Indian conferences of anesthesiology. Objective: The primary objective was to determine publication rate of research presented at the largest and best attended national conference in anesthesiology, the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists′ Conference (ISACON, and also compare it with the rate from an international conference American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA annual meeting held in the same year. Materials and Methods: All 363 abstracts presented as poster or podium presentations at the ISACON, and an equal number of randomly selected abstracts presented at ASA annual meeting were searched on Pubmed and Google Scholar for their full-text publications in peer-reviewed journals using a standardized search strategy. As secondary observations, abstracts were assessed for completeness by noting certain components central to research methodology. Also, changes between abstract of the presentation and published paper were noted with respect to certain components. Results: The publication rate of presentations at ISACON and ASA meetings was 5% and 22%, respectively. The abstracts from ISACON lacked central components of research such as methods and statistical tests. The commonest change in the full-text publications as compared with the original abstract from both conferences was a change in authorship. Conclusion: Steps are required to augment full-text publication of Indian research, including a more rigorous peer review of abstracts submitted to ISACON to ensure their completeness.

  19. Present research on the composition and application of lac

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Xia; Li Jian-zhang; Fan Yong-ming; Jin Xiao-juan

    2006-01-01

    Lac is a natural polymer with atoxigenic, renewable, and naturally degradable characteristics. Nowadays, more and more attentions are paid to environment protection and resource conservation, so it has great significance to study the composition and application of lac. The paper summarizes the research of lac composition and emphasizes on the present research of lac resin. The applications of lac are also introduced. In addition, some suggestions are proposed, which is expected to provide some scientific references for further studies of lac.

  20. Present status and perspective of tiger research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Teng Liwei; Li Feng; Liu Zhensheng

    1999-01-01

    This paper reviewed the present status of research about tiger in China. At present, four survival subspecies are endangered in China. Tiger has decreased greatly in number, and its distribution has limited to some areas. The published papers on morphology and anatomy were relatively few, while much work has been done on physiology and biochemistry of captive tigers. The author pointed out a few further research fields. The studies of chromosomes, gene, cloning and establishment of gene bank should be mostly focusing fields. Feeding and breeding techniques must be improved and reinforced.

  1. Making Numbers Matter: Present and Future Research in Risk Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagerlin, Angela; Ubel, Peter A.; Smith, Dylan M.; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To summarize existing research on individual numeracy and methods for presenting risk information to patients. Methods: We selectively retrieved articles from MEDLINE and the "Social Sciences Citation Index". Results: Many Americans have low numeracy skills, a deficit that impedes effective health care. Approaches to risk communication…

  2. Thoughts on environmental actinide research-future and present situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thoughts on environmental actinides, especially transuranium elements, are presented with emphasis on present situation and future researches. It is since 1945 that man has been in direct relationship to the significant quantities of such transuranium elements, although Pu was discovered in 1942 to exist in very small quantities in nature. Substantial amounts of these elements (Np, Pu, Am) have been distributed in the environment mainly as the result of nuclear weapon testing, followed by accident of satellite and release of radioactive substances from nuclear facilities. Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident might serve as a most recent example of such release. Considerable efforts have been devoted to the investigation of the processes involved in the transfer of radionuclides in the environment and how these can be influenced. And, many data (levels and distribution) and knowledge to understand these processes have been obtained and accumulated. The final purpose in all the research was the protection of the human being. The present trends for environmental radioactivity research (or radioecology) involves a further development of models, speciation of radionuclides, tracer studies and countermeasures of other species than man in radiological protection. Joint researches between radioecologists and specialists such as meteorology, oceanography, geology, botany, statistics and so on are more and more needed to make one of the most fascinating environmental sciences. Finally, an effort should be made to develop radioecology into a more hypothesis-oriented science, as mentioned by Platt. (author)

  3. International Arctic Research Collaborations: Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kintisch, E. S.

    2015-12-01

    International cooperation on Arctic research has a long and storied history, predating even the first International Polar Year in 1881. But scientists want to improve and expand current efforts to conduct international Arctic research, despite politcal and legal barriers that can hamper it. A review of the past and present aspects of such research can inform that effort. As part of a six month fellowship at the Center for Science Diplomacy at the American Association for the Advancement of Science I studied the history and current status of international cooperation in the Arctic. I will report on my findings, which include the fact that some of the first substantial international environmental research and regulatory cooperation began in the far North. My session will identify the elements that make international research collaborations successful, for example more than a century of cooperative work by Russian and Norwegian fishery scientists to monitor and regulate the cod trade in the Barents Sea. And it will explore the challenges that can threaten such collaborations. These can include rules that stymie data collection, block the import of certain analytical equipment across national boundaries, and bar the export of soil or water samples. I will mention specific complications to recent international arctic research projects. These include the SWERUS cruise, a joint effort between Sweden, Russia and the US, an effort to study carbon fluxes over the East Siberian Arctic Shelf in 2014. The session will also review progress towards a new international agreeement, first proposed by the US, on improving arctic research cooperation. That deal is focused on removing the bureacratic and legal barriers to scientists seeking to conduct arctic research on foreign waters and land.

  4. The Present Situation and Development Research of Recreation Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Quan; ZHOU; Guoqin; HUANG; Qiguo; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    With the continuous development of society,the problem of the tourism also appears more outstanding.The article analyzed the relationship between ecotourism and recreation ecology on the basis of the understanding and researching,and put recreation ecology forward a deeper level of request.How to develop the tourism,including ecotourism,is the problem to be solved.Five research methods about recreation ecology were introduced,namely the field survey method,the positioning method,the ecological simulation method,the modern information technology method and the tourism evaluation and planning method,from the point of view of research methods to elaborate the present situation of recreation ecology at home and abroad.The relationship of recreation ecology and landscape ecology,landscape architecture,biological statistics and the potential were discussed at the end of the article.

  5. Research Opportunities in Reliability of Photovoltaic Modules (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hacke, P.

    2010-05-01

    The motivation for an increased scope and a more proactive effort in reliability research of photovoltaic modules and systems includes reducing the levelized cost of energy and gaining better confidence in the energy and financial payback for photovoltaic systems. This increased reliability and confidence will lead to greater penetration of photovoltaics in the energy portfolio and greater employment in photovoltaics and related industries. Present research needs include the fundamental degradation mechanisms of polymers, connectors and other module components, mapping of failure mechanisms observed in the field to those in accelerated lifetime tests, determining the acceleration factors, and improving standards for modules such that tests can appropriately be assigned to evaluate their long term durability. Specific mechanisms discussed are corrosion in module components, metastability in thin-film active layers, delamination and loss of elastic properties in module polymeric materials, and inverter failure. Presently, there is hiring of reliability scientists and engineers at many levels of the value chain for photovoltaics.

  6. The Past, Present and Future of Cybernetics and Systems Research

    CERN Document Server

    Gershenson, Carlos; Erdi, Peter; Hofkirchner, Wolfgang; Knyazeva, Helena; Laszlo, Alexander; Thurner, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Cybernetics and Systems Research (CSR) were developed in the mid-twentieth century, offering the possibility of describing and comparing different phenomena using the same language. The concepts which originated in CSR have spread to practically all disciplines, many now used within the scientific study of complex systems. CSR has the potential to contribute to the solution of relevant problems, but the path towards this goal is not straightforward. This paper summarizes the ideas presented by the authors during a round table in 2012 on the past, present and future of CSR.

  7. Present status of research reactor decommissioning programme in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present Indonesia has 3 research reactors, namely the 30 MW MTR-type multipurpose reactor at Serpong Site, two TRIGA-type research reactors, the first one being 1 MW located at Bandung Site and the second one a small reactor of 100 kW at Yogyakarta Site. The TRIGA Reactor at the Bandung Site reached its first criticality at 250 kW in 1964, and then was operated at 1000 kW since 1971. In October 2000 the reactor power was successfully upgraded to 2 MW. This reactor has already been operated for 38 years. There is not yet any decision for the decommissioning of this reactor. However it will surely be an object for the near future decommissioning programme and hence anticipation for the above situation becomes necessary. The regulation on decommissioning of research reactor is already issued by the independent regulatory body (BAPETEN) according to which the decommissioning permit has to be applied by the BATAN. For Indonesia, an early decommissioning strategy for research reactor dictates a restricted re-use of the site for other nuclear installation. This is based on high land price, limited availability of radwaste repository site, and other cost analysis. Spent graphite reflector from the Bandung TRIGA reactor is recommended for a direct disposal after conditioning, without any volume reduction treatment. Development of human resources, technological capability as well as information flow from and exchange with advanced countries are important factors for the future development of research reactor decommissioning programme in Indonesia. (author)

  8. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Henrique Freire Vieira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This dossier focuses on one of the essential debate topics today about the territorial dimension of the new development strategies concerned with the worsening of the global socioecological crisis, that is: the challenges related to the activation and integration in networks of localized agri-food systems. For its composition, some contributions presented and debated during the VI International Conference on Localized Agri-food System - The LAFS facing the opportunities and challenges of the new global context have been gathered. The event took place in the city of Florianópolis, from May 21th to 25th of 2013. The event was promoted by the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC and by the Center for the International Cooperation on Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD. Besides UFSC and CIRAD, EPAGRI, State University of Santa Catarina (UDESC, as well as research institutes and universities from other states (UFMG, IEA/SP, UFS, UFRGS and Mexican and Argentinian partners from the RED SIAL Latino Americana also participated in the organization of lectures, discussion tables and workshops.

  9. Strange Happenings in the Dungeons- A new detector group at Caltech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, R.

    In anticipation of the 30-m California Extremely Large Telescope (CELT), Caltech is increasing its depth of expertise in instrumentation, adaptive optics and detectors, to a level not seen for many decades. A single detector group will address both optical and IR needs for science and wavefront sensors with common technology wherever possible. The team is deploying several cameras on Palomar Mountain, and is beginning work on the Keck IR Multi-object Spectrograph. Development projects include testing low-noise amplifiers for IR adaptive optics and testing the 32-channel ASIC for the Rockwell Hawaii-2RG.

  10. Energy Efficiency Analysis of the Discharge Circuit of Caltech Spheromak Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Deepak; Moser, Auna L.; Bellan, Paul M.

    2010-01-01

    The Caltech spheromak experiment uses a size A ignitron in switching a 59-μF capacitor bank (charged up to 8 kV) across an inductive plasma load. Typical power levels in the discharge circuit are ~200 MW for a duration of ~10 μs. This paper describes the setup of the circuit and the measurements of various impedances in the circuit. The combined impedance of the size A ignitron and the cables was found to be significantly larger than the plasma impedance. This causes the ...

  11. Present status of liquid metal research for a fusion reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabarés, Francisco L.

    2016-01-01

    Although the use of solid materials as targets of divertor plasmas in magnetic fusion research is accepted as the standard solution for the very challenging issue of power and particle handling in a fusion reactor, a generalized feeling that the present options chosen for ITER will not represent the best choice for a reactor is growing up. The problems found for tungsten, the present selection for the divertor target of ITER, in laboratory tests and in hot plasma fusion devices suggest so. Even in the absence of the strong neutron irradiation expected in a reactor, issues like surface melting, droplet ejection, surface cracking, dust generation, etc., call for alternative solutions in a long pulse, high efficient fusion energy-producing continuous machine. Fortunately enough, decades of research on plasma facing materials based on liquid metals (LMs) have produced a wealth of appealing ideas that could find practical application in the route to the realization of a commercial fusion power plant. The options presently available, although in a different degree of maturity, range from full coverage of the inner wall of the device with liquid metals, so that power and particle exhaust together with neutron shielding could be provided, to more conservative combinations of liquid metal films and conventional solid targets basically representing a sort of high performance, evaporative coating for the alleviation of the surface degradation issues found so far. In this work, an updated review of worldwide activities on LM research is presented, together with some open issues still remaining and some proposals based on simple physical considerations leading to the optimization of the most conservative alternatives.

  12. Present role of PIXE in atmospheric aerosol research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maenhaut, Willy

    2015-11-01

    In the 1980s and 1990s nearly half of the elemental analyses of atmospheric aerosol samples were performed by PIXE. Since then, other techniques for elemental analysis became available and there has been a steady increase in studies on organic aerosol constituents and other aspects of aerosols, especially in the areas of nucleation (new particle formation), optical properties, and the role of aerosol particles in cloud formation and properties. First, a brief overview and discussion is given of the developments and trends in atmospheric aerosol analysis and research of the past three decades. Subsequently, it is indicated that there is still invaluable work to be done by PIXE in atmospheric aerosol research, especially if one teams up with other aerosol researchers and performs complementary measurements, e.g., on small aerosol samples that are taken with high-time resolution. Fine examples of such research are the work done by the Lund group in the CARIBIC aircraft studies and the analysis of circular streaker samples by the Florence PIXE group. These and other examples are presented and other possibilities of PIXE are indicated.

  13. Animal Research in Space: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Kenneth; Sun, Sidney; Tomko, David

    Animals, principally non-human primates, were the early pioneers of spaceflight demonstrating that higher organisms could survive the rigors of launch to low earth orbit and the unique microgravity and radiation environment of orbital spaceflight. Following dispelling the fears that spaceflight could cause major disruptions in key body systems, non-human primates gave way to rodent research, particularly rats, in order to increase the number of specimens per flight opportunity, reduce the cost of support equipment, and to focus on how animals adapt to the near absence of gravity. In the virtual absence of gravity, changes were observed in the musculoskeletal system, sensorimotor, cardiovascular, and other systems. To accommodate rodents during spaceflight special facilities had to be developed for both crewed and unscrewed space vehicles. e.g. the Space Shuttle, and free flyers like the Russian Cosmos biosatellites, respectively. With a crew onboard, scientists have the opportunity to use them to obtain samples from the animals, measure physiological function, observe and record animal behavior, and administer drugs or challenges. However, on free flyers one can utilize materials and techniques not possible on crewed spacecraft due to safety, cost, and/or flight resources or competing priorities. This presentation will provide a brief glimpse of some of the highlights in the history of animal research in space, recent results, and current prospects for the next decade, i.e., flight opportunities, rodent habitats, and support equipment for rodent research.

  14. Water research to support society: past, present and future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arheimer, Berit

    2014-05-01

    Scientists are nowadays claiming that we are leaving the geological era of Holocene and have entered the Anthropocene (the Age of Man), a man-made world, in which humans are not observers of nature but central to its workings and commanding the planet's features, fluxes and material cycles. Both the hydrological and the biogeochemical cycles are radically changed compared to pristine conditions and the biodiversity is radically declining as the human population is growing. The co-evolution between society and environment is complex and not always reversible and we therefore need more research on effects of change to raise awareness and prepare for consequences. Many problems caused by humans are also well recognized and can be remediated. As the society develops also the environmental concerns normally becomes more important leading to remedial measures and pollution control. The change in water quality for many rivers world-wide shows similar flux over time related to level of economic development, going from deterioration to recovery as an effect of improved water management. Water management is of major importance for sustainable development, both for efficient water use and ecosystem protection. Water management should be based on (i) best available site information and (ii) best practices from understanding cause-effect relationships; yet, large areas still remains un-monitored and the relations between processes are complex and often not well understood. These knowledge gaps hamper the societal development and are thus two key challenges to address in the hydrological sciences initiative Panta Rhei. This presentation will address some of these challenges for water research in the past, present and future. Hydrology is by tradition an applied research, in which scientific questions co-evolve with societal needs. This will be exemplified this by giving a brief overview of the shift in research questions at one national institute, SMHI, during the last 100 years

  15. CALTECH CORE-COLLAPSE PROJECT (CCCP) OBSERVATIONS OF TYPE II SUPERNOVAE: EVIDENCE FOR THREE DISTINCT PHOTOMETRIC SUBTYPES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arcavi, Iair; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Yaron, Ofer [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Cenko, S. Bradley; Becker, Adam B. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Fox, Derek B. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Leonard, Douglas C. [Department of Astronomy, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 (United States); Moon, Dae-Sik [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Sand, David J. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Soderberg, Alicia M. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kiewe, Michael [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Scheps, Raphael [King' s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1ST (United Kingdom); Birenbaum, Gali [12 Amos St, Ramat Chen, Ramat Gan 52233 (Israel); Chamudot, Daniel [20 Chen St, Petach Tikvah 49520 (Israel); Zhou, Jonathan, E-mail: iair.arcavi@weizmann.ac.il [101 Dunster Street, Box 398, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2012-09-10

    We present R-band light curves of Type II supernovae (SNe) from the Caltech Core-Collapse Project (CCCP). With the exception of interacting (Type IIn) SNe and rare events with long rise times, we find that most light curve shapes belong to one of three apparently distinct classes: plateau, slowly declining, and rapidly declining events. The last class is composed solely of Type IIb SNe which present similar light curve shapes to those of SNe Ib, suggesting, perhaps, similar progenitor channels. We do not find any intermediate light curves, implying that these subclasses are unlikely to reflect variance of continuous parameters, but rather might result from physically distinct progenitor systems, strengthening the suggestion of a binary origin for at least some stripped SNe. We find a large plateau luminosity range for SNe IIP, while the plateau lengths seem rather uniform at approximately 100 days. As analysis of additional CCCP data goes on and larger samples are collected, demographic studies of core-collapse SNe will likely continue to provide new constraints on progenitor scenarios.

  16. Caltech Core-Collapse Project (CCCP) Observations of Type II Supernovae: Evidence for Three Distinct Photometric Subtypes

    CERN Document Server

    Arcavi, Iair; Cenko, S Bradley; Fox, Derek B; Leonard, Douglas C; Moon, Dae-Sik; Sand, David J; Soderberg, Alicia M; Kiewe, Michael; Yaron, Ofer; Becker, Adam B; Scheps, Raphael; Birenbaum, Gali; Chamudot, Daniel; Zhou, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    We present R-Band light curves of Type II supernovae (SNe) from the Caltech Core Collapse Project (CCCP). With the exception of interacting (Type IIn) SNe and rare events with long rise times, we find that most light curve shapes belong to one of three distinct classes: plateau, slowly declining and rapidly declining events. The last class is composed solely of Type IIb SNe which present similar light curve shapes to those of SNe Ib, suggesting, perhaps, similar progenitor channels. We do not find any intermediate light curves, implying that these subclasses are unlikely to reflect variance of continuous parameters, but rather might result from physically distinct progenitor systems, strengthening the suggestion of a binary origin for at least some stripped SNe. We find a large plateau luminosity range for SNe IIP, while the plateau lengths seem rather uniform at approximately 100 days. As analysis of additional CCCP data goes on and larger samples are collected, demographic studies of core collapse SNe will ...

  17. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidor Marí Mayans

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available As was the case at the conference, "Humanities professions in the knowledge society", the Director of Humanities and Philology Studies at the UOC, Isidor Marí, presents this Dossier, and the subsequent virtual debate, with the aim of gaining useful conclusions, with specific repercussions on the organisation of the degree studies and its professional projection, especially at this time, which requires study plans to be redesigned in line with the Bologna process. In the author's opinion, we can only make the right operative decisions when we are able to understand the transformations taking place in the humanistic culture framed by the knowledge society, and to do so, debate has to be opened in which students, graduates, academics, researchers, professionals and analysts can all take part.In this article, Isidor Marí analyses the tensions and contradictions that arise when attempts are made to relate the concepts of the professional world, Humanities and the knowledge society. Firstly, neither are Humanities a profession nor the study of Humanities seen by students or society to be adaptable to the definition of professional profiles. However, this highlights an important paradox, as the culture economy, (and, thus, occupations in the cultural sector, is growing increasingly throughout western societies. Likewise, in terms of the relationship between Humanities and the knowledge society, the author describes and analyses how there currently coexist voices foreseeing the worst alongside those that see information and communications technologies opening the way for an enormously positive transformation in human civilisation and a new cultural era.

  18. From university research to commercial product (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathuis, Philip

    2016-03-01

    Ovizio Imaging Systems, a quantitative microscopic imaging spin-off of the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, was founded in the beginning of 2010 by Philip Mathuis, Serge Jooris, Prof. Frank Dubois and Dr. Catherine Yourassowky. The company has launched a range of specialized microscopy instruments for quantitative imaging mainly focused on the bioprocessing and diagnostics fields within the life sciences market. During my talk I will present the story of how an idea, emerged from the research labs of the University made it to a manufactured and sold product. The talk will look at many aspects of entrepreneurship and setting up a company, finding the funding for the project, attracting people, industrialization and product design and commercialization. It will also be focused on choices one has to make during the start-up phase and methodologies that can be applied in many different settings.

  19. The Caltech-NRAO Stripe 82 Survey (CNSS) Paper I: The Pilot Radio Transient Survey In 50 deg$^2$

    CERN Document Server

    Mooley, K P; Bourke, S; Horesh, A; Myers, S T; Frail, D A; Kulkarni, S R; Levitan, D B; Kasliwal, M M; Cenko, S B; Cao, Y; Bellm, E; Laher, R R

    2016-01-01

    We have commenced a multi-year program, the Caltech-NRAO Stripe 82 Survey (CNSS), to search for radio transients with the Jansky VLA in the SDSS Stripe 82 region. The CNSS will deliver five epochs over the entire $\\sim$270 deg$^2$ of Stripe 82, an eventual deep combined map with a rms noise of $\\sim$40 $\\mu$Jy and catalogs at a frequency of 3 GHz, and having a spatial resolution of 3". This first paper presents the results from an initial pilot survey of a 50 deg$^2$ region of Stripe 82, involving four epochs spanning logarithmic timescales between one week and 1.5 years, with the combined map having a median rms noise of 35 $\\mu$Jy. This pilot survey enabled the development of the hardware and software for rapid data processing, as well as transient detection and follow-up, necessary for the full 270 deg$^2$ survey. Classification of variable and transient sources relied heavily on the wealth of multi-wavelength data in the Stripe 82 region, supplemented by repeated mapping of the region by the Palomar Trans...

  20. Present status of nuclear safety research in JAERI, 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute has carried out the research on the safety required for ensuring the safety accompanying the development and utilization of atomic energy. The objects of the safety research are nuclear power stations, nuclear fuel facilities, the treatment and disposal of radioactive wastes and environmental radiation and radioactivity. The contents of the research are based on the annual plan of the safety research, in which the subjects to be carried out as the state are decided. The international cooperation in the safety research has been promoted positively. The safety research system in JAERI is composed of generalization section and execution section. In this report, the main results of the safety research which was carried out in fiscal year 1991 are recorded. The research on the safety of nuclear fuel, the research on the reliability of nuclear reactor machinery, equipment and structures, the research on the loss of coolant accident in reactors, the research on the behavior of reactors in severe accidents, the analytical research on reactor safety, the research on the safety in nuclear fuel facilities, the research on the treatment and disposal of radioactive wastes and the research on the evaluation and analysis of environmental radiation and radioactivity are reported. (K.I.)

  1. CRYRING@ESR: present status and future research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lestinsky, M.; Bräuning-Demian, A.; Danared, H.; Engström, M.; Enders, W.; Fedotova, S.; Franzke, B.; Heinz, A.; Herfurth, F.; Källberg, A.; Kester, O.; Litvinov, Y.; Steck, M.; Reistad, D.; Simonsson, A.; Skeppstedt, Ö.; Stöhlker, T.; Vorobjev, G.; the CRYRING@ESR working Group

    2015-11-01

    The former storage ring CRYRING has been shipped from the Manne Siegbahn Laboratory in Stockholm to Darmstadt as a Swedish in-kind contribution to FAIR. At its new location downstream of ESR all ion species presently accessible in ESR can be transferred to CRYRING, in which ions with rigidities between 1.44 and 0.054 Tm can be stored. The original Swedish layout has been modified by reconfiguring the sequence of straight sections and by slightly increasing the circumference to ESR/2. Ions can be injected from ESR or from an independent 300 keV/u RFQ test injector. The instrumentation of the ring includes an RF drift tube system for acceleration and deceleration (1 T s-1, with a possibility for an upgrade to 7 T s-1), electron cooling, a free experimental section, and both fast and slow extraction of ions. We report on the present progress of this project, give a prospective timeline, and summarize the new research which will be enabled by this project. First beam for commissioning of the storage ring is expected for 2015, final bakeout to restore ultrahigh vacuum conditions in 2016 and ion beams injected through ESR in ˜2017.

  2. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vicente

    2013-06-01

    effectivities more than a number of fixed essential characteristics. Luiz Artur Ferrareto (UFRGS, undertaking a theoretical proposal for categorizing radio content in four different levels of planning (segment, form, programming and content itself tries to “compare and contrast the practices of Brazilian commercial broadcasting companies to those used on the radio in the United States, a reference market for our national entrepreneurs”. Madalena Oliveira (University of Minho focuses on the current stage of communication researches in Portugal reflecting on the challenges for studying a culture based on listening in times of looking. Marko Ala-Fossi, (University of Tampere beginning with the statement that “radio evolution greatly depends not only on the cultural context of a country but also on the whole social, political, economic development of societies” gives us a projection on radio development around the world for the next decades. Closing the dossier, Rafael Duarte Oliveira Venancio (UFU assuming radio as language by definition and not as a device understands it as a section and an operating model in such language as it intersects the world. Another six articles, not enrolled in the dossier, round the edition off. Fernando de Tacca debates the category of “photocine” recurring to three recent Spanish productions. Gustavo Souza investigates the possibility of identifying a point of view in documentary movies while establishing a debate that joins the materialities of image and sound with the subjectivity resulting from interpretation. Vinicius Bandeira develops on the special duplicity present in the movies between what is and what is not subsumed by the camera. Neide Jallageas proposes the study of visual communication design from the first modelings, attempting especially to the radical propositions from the early XXth century avant-garde movement. Gilson Schwartz debates on the impact from the distribution of videogames as hegemonic cultural practice in

  3. Past, present, and future of public service motivation research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandenabeele, Wouter; Brewer, Gene A.; Ritz, Adrian

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the evolution of almost 25 years of public service motivation research in order to identify what is necessary to raise future research to a higher level. First, we look at the rise in public service motivation research and try to provide an explanation for the increasing number

  4. Haematology research in India: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Kanjaksha

    2011-06-01

    Haematology research in India is relatively recent in origin. However the pioneers in the field not only did exemplary work when compared to advanced western countries, they also made it a point to develop centres of excellence and human resources for future of haematology work in this country. In this brief overview an effort has been made to give a taste of quality and expanse of haematology research in this country. This review does not claim to have described every bit of haematology research in this country. Our pioneers worked under extremely difficult and trying circumstances on a subject which was limited to funding available from Indian Council of Medical Research. Now the times have changed, several funding agencies in the country are able to provide substantial fund for research. Modern state of the art basic research institutions are tying up with medical colleges for good quality research and the seeds which our pioneers had planted have grown into a mighty tree. It would not be an exaggeration to say we are on the threshold of the golden era of haematology research in this country.

  5. Beyond Synthesis: Re-Presenting Heterogeneous Research Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sylvester, Allan; Tate, Mary; Johnstone, David

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the nature, role and function of the literature review in academic discourse. Researchers in information systems (IS) are often advised to espouse a neutral viewpoint and adapt the goal of synthesising previous literature when conducting a literature review. However, since research literature in many areas of IS is diverse…

  6. Underwater acoustic communication research at TNO-Past and present

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dol, H.; Walree, P. van

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of more than 12 years of underwater acoustic communication research at the Sonar Department of TNO The Hague. The research covered both point-to-point links and relay networks, from long-range covert communication to short-range high-data-rate communication, for both

  7. The present status and the prospect of China research reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A total of 100 reactor operation years' experience of research reactors has now been obtained in China. The type and principal parameters of China research reactors and their operating status are briefly introduced in this paper. Chinese research reactors have been playing an important role in nuclear power and nuclear weapon development, industrial and agricultural production, medicine, basic and applied science research and environmental protection, etc. The utilization scale, benefits and achievements will be given. There is a good safety record in the operation of these reactors. A general safety review is discussed. The important incidents and accidents happening during a hundred reactor operating years are described and analyzed. China has the capability of developing any type of research reactor. The prospective projects are briefly introduced

  8. Race and racism in nursing research: past, present, and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Cornelia P; Barbee, Evelyn

    2004-01-01

    Nursing research on race and racism began in the 1970s. However, because these concepts were seen as cultural attitudes, race and racism were obscured. The evidence on the presence of negative attitudes, biases, and stereotypes about different racial and ethnic groups is inconsistent. During the past two decades, research on race and racism has grown, but there is still an urgent need for more high-quality research on this subject. The major recommendations from this review are to conduct observational research on racism in clinical and practice settings, not as an intellectual end in itself; to assist in eliminating of the historically based disparities among members of racial and ethnic groups; and to conduct research about racism as it affects mobility in educational and practice settings. PMID:15368766

  9. Sex and gender in psychoneuroimmunology research: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darnall, Beth D; Suarez, Edward C

    2009-07-01

    To date, research suggests that sex and gender impact pathways central to the foci of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). This review provides a historical perspective on the evolution of sex and gender in psychoneuroimmunology research. Gender and sexually dimorphic pathways may have synergistic effects on health differences in men and women. We provide an overview of the literature of sex and gender differences in brain structure and function, sex steroids, gender role identification, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function, genetics, immunology and cytokine response. Specific examples shed light on the importance of attending to sex and gender methodology in PNI research and recommendations are provided.

  10. Ethnographic Research in Marketing: Past, Present, and Possible Futures.

    OpenAIRE

    Russell Belk; Leticia Moreira Casotti

    2014-01-01

    The article covers periods, events, contexts, research and projects in the Consumer Culture sphere within and outside Brazil. Our account is guided by the contributions of qualitative research and especially ethnography, and reveals the very different pathways followed by Consumer Culture. In contrast, our attempt to guess possible futures in this area involve the analysis of similarities between local, national and international practices, in the search  for new methodological and theor...

  11. The Present Situation and Development Research of Recreation Ecology

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Quan; HUANG, Guoqin; ZHAO, Qiguo

    2013-01-01

    With the continuous development of society, the problem of the tourism also appears more outstanding. The article analyzed the relationship between ecotourism and recreation ecology on the basis of the understanding and researching, and put recreation ecology forward a deeper level of request. How to develop the tourism, including ecotourism, is the problem to be solved. Five research methods about recreation ecology were introduced, namely the field survey method, the positioning method, the...

  12. DOE Automotive Composite Materials Research: Present and Future Efforts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, C.D.

    1999-08-10

    One method of increasing automotive energy efficiency is through mass reduction of structural components by the incorporation of composite materials. Significant use of glass reinforced polymers as structural components could yield a 20--30% reduction in vehicle weight while the use of carbon fiber reinforced materials could yield a 40--60% reduction in mass. Specific areas of research for lightweighting automotive components are listed, along with research needs for each of these categories: (1) low mass metals; (2) polymer composites; and (3) ceramic materials.

  13. Research on Community Bands: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohwer, Debbie

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this review of literature was to synthesize findings of studies investigating community bands. This review of literature centers on research that has been conducted on community bands in status studies, historical/cultural studies, pedagogical studies, health and wellness studies, and intergenerational studies. The last section of…

  14. Present status of HTGR research and development, 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the Long-term Program for Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy which was revised in 1987, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has carried out the Research and Development (R and D) on the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs) in Japan. The JAERI obtained the installation permit of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) from the Government in November 1990 and started the construction of the HTTR facility in the Oarai Research Establishment in March 1991. The HTTR is a test reactor with thermal output of 30MW and outlet coolant temperature of 850degC at the rated operation and 950degC at the high temperature test operation, using the pin-in-block type fuel, and has capability to demonstrate nuclear process heat utilization. The reactor pressure vessel and intermediate heat exchanger were installed in the reactor containment vessel in 1994, and reactor internals were also installed in the reactor pressure vessel in 1995. The first criticality will be attained in December 1997. This report describes the design outline and construction progress of the HTTR, R and D of fuel, materials and components for the HTGR and high temperature nuclear heat application, and innovative and basic researches for high temperature technologies at the HTTR. (J.P.N.)

  15. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicanor Lopes

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The Journal Caminhando debuts with a new editorial format: eachmagazine will have a Dossier.In 2010 Christianity celebrated the centenary of Edinburgh. TheWorld Missionary Conference in Edinburgh in 1910 is regarded by manyas missiological watershed in the missionary and ecumenical movement.So the Faculty of Theology of the Methodist Church (FATEO decidedto organize a Wesleyan Week discussing the issue of mission. For anevent of this magnitude FATEO invited the Rev. Dr. Wesley Ariarajah,Methodist pastor and teacher of Sri Lanka with extensive experience inpastoral ministry in local churches and professor of History of Religionsand the New Testament at the Theological College of Lanka, maintainedby the Protestant Churches in Sri Lanka. In 1981 he was invited to jointhe World Council of Churches, where he presided for over ten years theCouncil of Interreligious Dialogue. From 1992 he served as Deputy GeneralSecretary of the WCC.The following texts are not the speeches of the Rev. Dr. WesleyAriarajah, for they will be published separately. Nevertheless, the journaldialogs with the celebrations of the centenary of Edinburgh, parting formthe intriguing theme: "Mission in the 21st century in Brazil". After all, howis it that mission takes place among us in personal, church, and communityactivities?Within the Dossier, as common to the journal, the textos are organizedas follows: Bible, Theology / History and Pastoral Care. Other items thatdo not fit within the Dossier, but, do articulate mission, can be found inthe section Declarations and Documents and Book Reviews.The authors of the Dossier have important considerations in buildinga contemporary missiological concept considering Brazilian reality.Anderson de Oliveira, in the Bible-Section, presents a significantexegeses of Matthew 26.6-13. What does it mean when Jesus is quotedwith the words: "For the poor always ye have with you, but me ye havenot always." Is this declaration challenging the gospels

  16. Use and development of teaching technologies presented in nursing research

    OpenAIRE

    Pétala Tuani Candido De Oliveira Salvador; Cláudia Cristiane Filgueira Martins Rodrigues; Kálya Yasmine Nunes de Lima; Kisna Yasmin Andrade Alves; Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos

    2015-01-01

    Objective: characterizing teaching technologies used or developed in nursing dissertations and theses in Brazil. Methods: a documentary research that had data collection sourced from directories of theses and dissertations available on the website of the Brazilian Nursing Association, from Volumes Nineteen (XIX) (2001) to Twenty-one (XXI) (2013). Results: of 6346 studies, 18 (0.28%) used or developed teaching technologies, composed of the following categories: use of conceptual map; use of ga...

  17. Sleep Apnea Research in Animals. Past, Present, and Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chopra, Swati; Polotsky, Vsevolod Y; Jun, Jonathan C

    2016-03-01

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that describes recurrent collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Animal models have been pivotal to the understanding of OSA pathogenesis, consequences, and treatment. In this review, we highlight the history of OSA research in animals and include the discovery of animals with spontaneous OSA, the induction of OSA in animals, and the emulation of OSA using exposures to intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation.

  18. [QOL research in child health. Present state and issues].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuda, Tomohiro; Noguchi, Makiko; Umeno, Yuko; Kato, Noriko

    2006-11-01

    The evaluation of QOL (Quality of Life) in the medical field has revolved around the development of self-measurement scales comprising two or more questions based on psychometric theory. QOL research in the field of child health progressed in the latter half of the 80s in the United States, and aspects of ambiguity and adaptation to the environment of children were recognized. Objective health and subjective health differ significantly among children and are strongly influenced by environmental factors. In addition, QOL in early life anticipates the later health status in adolescence and youth. For these reasons, QOL research in the field of child health is very important. More than 20 scales, exemplified by CHQ, PedsQL, TACQOL/TAPQOL, and COOP charts, exist as standard generic QOL indices for children. Disease-specific scales cover epilepsy, asthma, and allergic disease, as discussed in a number of early studies. Diabetes, skin disease, and cancer are also major research subjects. Self-evaluation is one of the principles of QOL research; it is stated that children in the age group of 5-6 years are already capable of expressing pain and their physical condition and that the competency to describe abstract concepts such as pride and happiness matures around the age of 9-10 years. Sources of information such as the computer have developed and spread remarkably in recent years. The use of such technology facilitates the evaluation of young children with a high level of accuracy. The problems currently faced are the low reliability of responses of children, difficulties in cross-cultural comparison, and transformation of the sense of values according to growth. In conclusion, the development of QOL research in the field of child health should allow realization of an improved health situation in which children's points of view are included in the decision-making process for required treatments and health care policy. Further, health administration can be expected to

  19. Research Focus: Reflections on Science Education Research Presentations at ASE 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGregor, Deb; Oversby, John; Woodhouse, Fiona

    2012-01-01

    The original call for research papers went out in the summer of 2011 and, by September, there were over thirty abstracts returned for review, from many countries including Hong Kong, Nigeria, Poland, Jamaica, Malta, the United States, Japan, Ireland and, of course, Britain. Of the proposals reviewed and accepted, 21 were finally presented at…

  20. Cornell Caltech Atacama Telescope (CCAT): a 25 m aperture telescope above 5000 m altitude

    CERN Document Server

    Sebring, T A; Radford, S; Zmuidzinas, J; Sebring, Thomas A.; Giovanelli, Riccardo; Radford, Simon; Zmuidzinas, Jonas

    2006-01-01

    Cornell, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) have joined together to study development of a 25 meter sub-millimeter telescope (CCAT) on a high peak in the Atacama region of northern Chile, where the atmosphere is so dry as to permit observation at wavelengths as short as 200 micron. The telescope is designed to deliver high efficiency images at that wavelength with a total 1/2 wavefront error of about 10 microns. With a 20 arc min field of view, CCAT will be able to accommodate large format bolometer arrays and will excel at carrying out surveys as well as resolving structures to the 2 arc sec. resolution level. The telescope will be an ideal complement to ALMA. Initial instrumentation will include both a wide field bolometer camera and a medium resolution spectrograph. Studies of the major telescope subsystems have been performed as part of an initial Feasibility Concept Study. Novel aspects of the telescope design include kinematic mounting and active positioning of pr...

  1. Implementation of proteomics for cancer research: past, present, and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, Parisa; Shahrokni, Armin; Ranjbar, Mohammad R Nezami

    2014-01-01

    Cancer is the leading cause of the death, accounts for about 13% of all annual deaths worldwide. Many different fields of science are collaborating together studying cancer to improve our knowledge of this lethal disease, and find better solutions for diagnosis and treatment. Proteomics is one of the most recent and rapidly growing areas in molecular biology that helps understanding cancer from an omics data analysis point of view. The human proteome project was officially initiated in 2008. Proteomics enables the scientists to interrogate a variety of biospecimens for their protein contents and measure the concentrations of these proteins. Current necessary equipment and technologies for cancer proteomics are mass spectrometry, protein microarrays, nanotechnology and bioinformatics. In this paper, we provide a brief review on proteomics and its application in cancer research. After a brief introduction including its definition, we summarize the history of major previous work conducted by researchers, followed by an overview on the role of proteomics in cancer studies. We also provide a list of different utilities in cancer proteomics and investigate their advantages and shortcomings from theoretical and practical angles. Finally, we explore some of the main challenges and conclude the paper with future directions in this field. PMID:24761843

  2. Past and present research on gray whale vocalizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollervides, Francisco

    2002-05-01

    Eberhadt and Evans first recorded vocalizations of gray whales in 1967 in Laguna Ojo de Liebre, Mexico. Three and a half decades of bioacoustic research on gray whales has followed this groundbreaking work. Gray whales appear more vocal while at the southern breeding lagoons off Baja California and are least vocal at the northern feeding areas of the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas. Ten different vocalizations have been identified on the breeding grounds, while only six different vocalizations have been recorded on the feeding grounds. Evans also conducted the first recordings of vocalizations of gray whales in captivity with his work on J.J. II in San Diego in 1974. Since then, the database of captive gray whale vocalizations has expanded with research on GiGi in 1997. From this review, an acoustic repertoire of at least 12 different types of vocalizations is suggested. Nevertheless, not all gray whale calls fall into obvious or distinct categories; thus, correlating specific behaviors with each vocalization type merits further study.

  3. Past, Present, and Future of Traumatic Brain Injury Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawryluk, Gregory W J; Bullock, M Ross

    2016-10-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the greatest cause of death and severe disability in young adults; its incidence is increasing in the elderly and in the developing world. Outcome from severe TBI has improved dramatically as a result of advancements in trauma systems and supportive critical care, however we remain without a therapeutic which acts directly to attenuate brain injury. Recognition of secondary injury and its molecular mediators has raised hopes for such targeted treatments. Unfortunately, over 30 late-phase clinical trials investigating promising agents have failed to translate a therapeutic for clinical use. Numerous explanations for this failure have been postulated and are reviewed here. With this historical context we review ongoing research and anticipated future trends which are armed with lessons from past trials, new scientific advances, as well as improved research infrastructure and funding. There is great hope that these new efforts will finally lead to an effective therapeutic for TBI as well as better clinical management strategies. PMID:27637391

  4. Automotive Technology and Human Factors Research: Past, Present, and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Motoyuki Akamatsu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the history of automotive technology development and human factors research, largely by decade, since the inception of the automobile. The human factors aspects were classified into primary driving task aspects (controls, displays, and visibility, driver workspace (seating and packaging, vibration, comfort, and climate, driver’s condition (fatigue and impairment, crash injury, advanced driver-assistance systems, external communication access, and driving behavior. For each era, the paper describes the SAE and ISO standards developed, the major organizations and conferences established, the major news stories affecting vehicle safety, and the general social context. The paper ends with a discussion of what can be learned from this historical review and the major issues to be addressed. A major contribution of this paper is more than 180 references that represent the foundation of automotive human factors, which should be considered core knowledge and should be familiar to those in the profession.

  5. Present status of research and development for HTR in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HTR R and D Project is being carried out in the relevant institutions in China. Some topics are covered such as, fuel element technology, graphite development, fuel element handling system, helium technology, fuel reprocessing technology as well as HTR design study. Some results of HTR research work are described. In addition, to provide a test facility for investigation of HTR Module reactor safety and process heat application of HTR, a joint project on building a 10 MW test HTR with Siemens-Interatom, KFA Juelich and INET is going on. The conceptual design of 10 MW test HTR has been completed by the joint group. In parallel the application study of HTR Module is being carried out for the oil industry, petrochemical industry as well as power generation. Some preliminary results of the application study, for example, for heavy oil recovery on Shengli oil field and process heat application in Yan shan petroleum company, are described. (author)

  6. Plant root research: the past, the present and the future

    OpenAIRE

    Lux, Alexander; Rost, Thomas L.

    2012-01-01

    This special issue is dedicated to root biologists past and present who have been exploring all aspects of root structure and function with an extensive publication record going over 100 years. The content of the Special Issue on Root Biology covers a wide scale of contributions, spanning interactions of roots with microorganisms in the rhizosphere, the anatomy of root cells and tissues, the subcellular components of root cells, and aspects of metal accumulation and stresses on root function ...

  7. Research present situation and analysis on classification of rock drillability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhi-hong; MA Qin-yong

    2001-01-01

    Rock drillability reflects the drill bit fragments rock hardly or easily. At present, rock drillability classification indexes have rock single-axle compressive strength, point load intensity,fracture stress during chiseling, drill speed, chiseling specific work, acoustic parameter, cutting magnitude, and so on. Every index reflects rock drillability but isn't overall. It is feasible that using many indexes of fuzzy mathematics method etc. to evaluate rock drillability.

  8. Present state on research and development of underground disposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    In September, 1996, Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp. (PNC) arranged her old research and development (R and D) results to issue as a shape of `Technical report on R and D of high level radioactive waste underground disposal`. On the other hand, Radioactive waste special party in Committee of Atomic Energy at that time evaluated that technical possibility for safety establishment of underground disposal in Japan was elucidated and showed future problems in the technical development. Therefore, PNC proceeded further R and D for the second arrangement under consideration of such comments. As a result, in investigation of geological environment condition, main points were laid at study on rear-field feature and its long-term stability. In development of disposal technique, main points were laid at elucidation of design requirements confirmable to the near-field evaluation, main points were laid at upgrading validity of evaluation model to analytically evaluate the near-field feature using data with high reliability. (G.K.)

  9. How to Present Anthropological Disaster Research-Review on Anthropological Research on Landslide Disasters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yuan; LAN Jie

    2013-01-01

    After the May 12 , 2008 earth-quake in Wenchuan , China ’ s anthropological disaster research received the opportunity for long-term development .However , its achievements have been relatively few , and most of the achieve-ments are only presented in the form of essays . This reflects that anthropological disaster research in China is still not mature .In particular , there is lack of ethnographic research on the occurrence and causes of disasters , and coping mechanisms . The publication of Anthropological Research on Landslide Disasters---Taking the “August 14 Landslide ” in Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County in Yunnan as a Case Study by Prof.Li Yongxiang has helped to address China ’ s defi-ciency in anthropological disaster research . This book is an ethnography about disasters based on a sturdy foundation of fieldwork; it presents a com-prehensive look at the landslide disaster scene of Xinping in the Ailao mountainous area of Yunnan , and provides very insightful discussions on mecha-nisms for preventing and coping with the disaster as well as post-disaster social changes . While studying for his Ph .D.degree at the University of Washington , Li Yongxiang , an Yi scholar who grew up in Ailao mountainous area of Yunnan , had already started his interest in disaster research in minority nationality areas of southwest China .After he received his doctoral degree at the University of Washington in 2005 , he focused his research mainly on anthropological disaster re-search .As one of the pioneer researchers on an-thropological disaster research in China , Li Yongx-iang has had to answer questions regarding the the-oretical significance and realistic value of anthropo-logical disaster research .These questions are not only related to the anthropological view on natural disasters , but also related to the academic position of anthropology in disaster research .Anthropologi-cal Research on Landslide Disasters is a book based on the experiences from

  10. The Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory at Caltech and the creation of the modern rocket motor (1936-1946): How the dynamics of rocket theory became reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zibit, Benjamin Seth

    This thesis explores and unfolds the story of discovery in rocketry at The California Institute of Technology---specifically at Caltech's Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory---in the 1930s and 1940s. Caltech was home to a small group of engineering students and experimenters who, beginning in the winter of 1935--1936, formed a study and research team destined to change the face of rocket science in the United States. The group, known as the Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory (GALCIT, for short) Rocket Research Group, invented a new type of solid-rocket propellant, made distinct and influential discoveries in the theory of rocket combustion and design, founded the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and incorporated the first American industrial concern devoted entirely to rocket motor production: The Aerojet Corporation. The theoretical work of team members, Frank Malina, Hsueh-shen Tsien, Homer J. Stewart, and Mark Mills, is examined in this thesis in detail. The author scrutinizes Frank Malina's doctoral thesis (both its assumptions and its mathematics), and finds that, although Malina's key assertions, his formulae, hold, his work is shown to make key assumptions about rocket dynamics which only stand the test of validity if certain approximations, rather than exact measurements, are accepted. Malina studied the important connection between motor-nozzle design and thrust; in his Ph.D. thesis, he developed mathematical statements which more precisely defined the design/thrust relation. One of Malina's colleagues on the Rocket Research Team, John Whiteside Parsons, created a new type of solid propellant in the winter of 1941--1942. This propellant, known as a composite propellant (because it simply was a relatively inert amalgam of propellant and oxidizer in non-powder form), became the forerunner of all modern solid propellants, and has become one of the seminal discoveries in the field of Twentieth Century rocketry. The latter chapters of this dissertation discuss the

  11. The Caltech-NRAO Stripe 82 Survey (CNSS). I. The Pilot Radio Transient Survey In 50 deg2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooley, K. P.; Hallinan, G.; Bourke, S.; Horesh, A.; Myers, S. T.; Frail, D. A.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Levitan, D. B.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Cenko, S. B.; Cao, Y.; Bellm, E.; Laher, R. R.

    2016-02-01

    We have commenced a multiyear program, the Caltech-NRAO Stripe 82 Survey (CNSS), to search for radio transients with the Jansky VLA in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Stripe 82 region. The CNSS will deliver five epochs over the entire ˜270 deg2 of Stripe 82, an eventual deep combined map with an rms noise of ˜40 μJy and catalogs at a frequency of 3 GHz, and having a spatial resolution of 3″. This first paper presents the results from an initial pilot survey of a 50 deg2 region of Stripe 82, involving four epochs spanning logarithmic timescales between 1 week and 1.5 yr, with the combined map having a median rms noise of 35 μJy. This pilot survey enabled the development of the hardware and software for rapid data processing, as well as transient detection and follow-up, necessary for the full 270 deg2 survey. Data editing, calibration, imaging, source extraction, cataloging, and transient identification were completed in a semi-automated fashion within 6 hr of completion of each epoch of observations, using dedicated computational hardware at the NRAO in Socorro and custom-developed data reduction and transient detection pipelines. Classification of variable and transient sources relied heavily on the wealth of multiwavelength legacy survey data in the Stripe 82 region, supplemented by repeated mapping of the region by the Palomar Transient Factory. A total of {3.9}-0.9+0.5% of the few thousand detected point sources were found to vary by greater than 30%, consistent with similar studies at 1.4 and 5 GHz. Multiwavelength photometric data and light curves suggest that the variability is mostly due to shock-induced flaring in the jets of active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Although this was only a pilot survey, we detected two bona fide transients, associated with an RS CVn binary and a dKe star. Comparison with existing legacy survey data (FIRST, VLA-Stripe 82) revealed additional highly variable and transient sources on timescales between 5 and 20 yr, largely

  12. [Research in high energy physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses progress in the following research in high energy physics: The crystal ball experiment; delco at PEP; proton decay experiment; MACRO detector; mark III detector; SLD detector; CLEO II detector; and the caltech L3 group

  13. Characterization of a submillimeter high-angular-resolution camera with a monolithic silicon bolometer array for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Nina; Hunter, T. R.; Benford, D. J.; Serabyn, E.; Lis, D.C.; Phillips, T. G.; Moseley, S. H.; Bpyce, K.; Szymkowiak, A.; C. Allen; Mott, B.; Gygax, J.

    1996-01-01

    We constructed a 24-pixel bolometer camera operating in the 350- and 450-µm atmospheric windows for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO). This instrument uses a monolithic silicon bolometer array that is cooled to approximately 300 mK by a single-shot 3 He refrigerator. First-stage amplification is provided by field-effect transistors at approximately 130 K. The sky is imaged onto the bolometer array by means of several mirrors outside the Dewar and a cold off-axis elliptical mirror in...

  14. MCTP Summer Research Internship Program. Research Presentation Day: Experience Mathematics and Science in the Real World

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the summaries of the MCTP Summer Research Internship Program. Technological areas discussed include: Mathematical curriculum development for real world problems; Rain effects on air-water gas exchange; multi-ring impact basins on mars; developing an interactive multimedia educational cd-rom on remote sensing; a pilot of an activity for for the globe program; fossils in maryland; developing children's programming for the american horticultural society at river farm; children's learning, educational programs of the national park service; a study of climate and student satisfaction in two summer programs for disadvantaged students interested in careers in mathematics and science; the maryland governor's academy, integrating technology into the classroom; stream sampling with the maryland biological stream survey (MBSS); the imaging system inspection software technology, the preparation and detection of nominal and faulted steel ingots; event-based science, the development of real-world science units; correlation between anxiety and past experiences; environmental education through summer nature camp; enhancing learning opportunities at the Salisbury zoo; plant growth experiment, a module for the middle school classroom; the effects of proxisome proliferators in Japanese medaka embryos; development of a chapter on birth control and contraceptive methodologies as part of an interactive computer-based education module on hiv and aids; excretion of gentamicin in toadfish and goldfish; the renaissance summer program; and Are field trips important to the regional math science center?

  15. Entertainers or Education Researchers? The Challenges Associated with Presenting While Black

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Ebony O.; Kazembe, Lasana

    2016-01-01

    How black faculty experience presenting their research in educational venues within the context of historical objectification of black people as sources of entertainment is an underexplored topic in higher education research. Presenting research has far-reaching implications for black academics' advancement, such as future employment and…

  16. Undergraduate researchers to present at third annual Meeting of the Minds conference

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Meghan

    2008-01-01

    Four Virginia Tech undergraduate students have been selected to present their research projects at the third annual Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) Meeting of the Minds undergraduate research conference in Tallahassee, Fla., on April 18 and 19.

  17. Data sharing at the University of Cambridge - open presentation for Cambridge academics, students and research staff

    OpenAIRE

    Teperek, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Presentation about research data sharing at the University of Cambridge given by Dr Marta Teperek on 20 January at central Cambridge, University of Cambridge. Presenation was open to all academics, research students and staff members.

  18. Second International MELODI Workshop on Low Dose Risk Research - Slides of the presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MELODI (Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative) mission is to impulse low dose risk research in Europe through a strategic research agenda (SRA) and road-map of priorities. The last presentation is dedicated to the SRA and its preference research programs. The other presentations deal principally with the low-dose exposure in medical uses of ionizing radiations, radiosensitivity, radiation-induced cataracts, or epidemiology and radiobiology of cardiovascular disease. This document is composed of the slides of the presentations

  19. Health research in Ethiopia--past, present and suggestions on the way forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaym, Asheber

    2008-07-01

    Health is a fundamental prerequisite to human development. Evidence based strategies for effective health interventions emanate from a representative, ethical and rigorously conducted health research. Health research undertakings require the coordinated efforts of researchers, research funders and research users as well as the presence of detailed laws and regulations conducive for undertaking health research. Global health research partners have stressed that attempts to improve country level health research should follow the "National Health Research Systems" approach as components of the system are highly interrelated. The systems approach begins with a situation analysis of the existing national health research system. History of health research in Ethiopia spans nearly seven decades. Study of historical abstracts, websites of health research and academic institutions, review of relevant publications, site visits and interview with institution authorities was undertaken to provide an overview of past and present status of health research in Ethiopia. The researcher profile, disease and health focus, publication audit, dissemination modalities and international collaboration of research institutes are outlined. Applicable Ethiopian laws and regulations regarding health research are documented. Existing challenges to conduct of health research are outlined. The number of health researchers, research institutes and volume of research output so far is small. Detailed laws and regulations pertaining to health research are not enacted and governance of health research is not clearly articulated. There are global, regional and programmatic inequities in the national health research arena. Evolution of the health research in the country into an organized "National Health Research System" is still at an early stage. Suggestions are forwarded to augment the ongoing discussions on strengthening efforts to improve the national health research system. These include the

  20. A review of present research, research needs, and research capabilities related to the uranium mining and milling industry in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report surveys the views of those associated with uranium mining in northern Saskatchewan on the research needs of the industry. Research resources, both human and material, available in the province are outlined. The author makes recommendations that would lead to a viable uranium research program. Appendices list information on current uranium-related research in Saskatchewan and available research resources

  1. Present status and future perspective of research and test reactors in JAERI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baba, Osamu [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment; Kaieda, Keisuke

    1999-08-01

    Since 1957, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has constructed several research and test reactors to fulfil a major role in the study of nuclear energy and fundamental research. At present, four reactors, the Japan Research Reactor No. 3 and No. 4 (JRR-3M and JRR-4 respectively), the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) and the Nuclear Safety Research Reactor (NSRR), are in operation, and a new High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) has reached first criticality and is waiting for the power-up test. This paper introduce these reactors and describe their present operational status. The recent tendency of utilization and future perspectives are also reported. (author)

  2. Hearing Voices:Re/Presenting the Findings of Narrative Research into Patient Experience as Poems

    OpenAIRE

    Stenhouse, R.

    2013-01-01

    Research into the patient's perspective on their care is being given increasing importance within health and nurse education policy, predicated upon the idea that the findings represent the patient experience. Researchers have power to silence the voices of research participants through the process of authorship. Exploring the arts as a means of presenting findings offers the opportunity problematize issues of power and authorship, and examine ways of decentring the researcher's voice. Re/pre...

  3. 30 GHz flux density measurements of the Caltech-Jodrell flat-spectrum sources with OCRA-p

    CERN Document Server

    Lowe, S R; Wilkinson, P N; Kus, A J; Browne, I W A; Pazderski, E; Feiler, R; Kettle, D

    2007-01-01

    To measure the 30-GHz flux densities of the 293 sources in the Caltech-Jodrell Bank flat-spectrum (CJF) sample. The measurements are part of an ongoing programme to measure the spectral energy distributions of flat spectrum radio sources and to correlate them with the milliarcsecond structures from VLBI and other measured astrophysical properties. The 30-GHz data were obtained with a twin-beam differencing radiometer system mounted on the Torun 32-m telescope. The system has an angular resolution of 1.2 arcmin. Together with radio spectral data obtained from the literature, the 30-GHz data have enabled us to identify 42 of the CJF sources as Giga-hertz Peaked Spectrum (GPS) sources. Seventeen percent of the sources have rising spectra (alpha > 0) between 5 and 30 GHz.

  4. Planning Marketing Strategies in Non-Profit Organizations - Presentation of the Direct Research Results

    OpenAIRE

    Kwak, Wioletta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present the issues connected with planning marketing strategies by non-profit organizations. The paper presents selected results of direct research conducted in 2009. The servey covered private non-profit organizations (non-government organizations) in three provinces : Malopolska, Podkarpacie and Silesia. The presented results of the research concern the mission and goals of organizations, planning their activities (including marketing activities) and foundations ...

  5. A Systematic Review of Extramural Presentations and Publications from Pharmacy Student Research Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slack, Marion K; Martin, Jennifer; Worede, Leah; Islam, Sameer

    2016-08-25

    Objective. To conduct a systematic review of reports of pharmacy student research programs that describes the programs and resulting publications or presentations. Methods. To be eligible for the review, reports had to be in English and indicate that students were required to collect, analyze data, and report or present findings. The outcome variables were extramural posters/presentations and publications. Results. Database searches resulted in identification of 13 reports for 12 programs. Two-thirds were reports of projects required for a course or for graduation, and the remaining third were elective (participation was optional). Extramural posters resulted from 75% of the programs and publications from 67%. Conclusion. Although reporting on the outcomes of student research programs is limited, three-quarters of the programs indicated that extramural presentations, publications, or both resulted from student research. Additional research is needed to identify relevant outcomes of student research programs in pharmacy.

  6. An Attempt to Improve Students' Presentation Skills via Course of Graduation Research and its Educational Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Kenji; Ohtuka, Sigeru; Morita, Shinichi; Matsumoto, Itaru; Yakabe, Masaki; Hayamizu, Yasutaka; Ohtuka, Kouichi

    The importance of presentation skills rapidly increases in engineering education in Japan. The authors have applied various teaching-method of presentation skills to the course of graduation research for the fifth-grade students of the mechanical engineering program in Yonago National College of Technology. The lectures including teachers' demonstration and basic skills in presentation have resulted in improvement of students' skills. The meeting for announcing the results of graduation research has been opened to the public in cooperation with the Yonago Chamber of Commerce and Industry to give the students incentives to graduation research as well as presentation. The students have mutually evaluated their presentation to get good opportunities for even self-evaluation. This paper discusses the effects and problems of our educational practice.

  7. A new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-RDMA for size distribution measurements of sub-3 nm ions at ambient concentrations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Franchin

    2015-06-01

    from achieving a good transmission efficiency for the smallest nanoparticles. We developed a new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-radial DMA (nRDMA that increases the transmission efficiency to 12 % for ions as small as 1.3 nm in mobility equivalent diameter (corresponding to 1.2 × 10−4 m2 V−1 s−1 in electrical mobility. We successfully deployed the nRDMA, equipped with the new inlet, in chamber measurements, using a Particle Size Magnifier (PSM and a booster Condensation Particle Counter (CPC as a counter. With this setup, we were able to measure size distributions of ions between 1.3 and 6 nm, corresponding to a mobility range from 1.2 × 10−4 to 5.8 × 10−6 m2 V−1 s−1. The system was modeled, tested in the laboratory and used to measure negative ions at ambient concentrations in the CLOUD 7 measurement campaign at CERN. We achieved a higher size resolution than techniques currently used in field measurements, and maintained a good transmission efficiency at moderate inlet and sheath air flows (2.5 and 30 LPM, respectively. In this paper, by measuring size distribution at high size resolution down to 1.3 nm, we extend the limit of the current technology. The current setup is limited to ion measurements. However, we envision that future research focused on the charging mechanisms could extend the technique to measure neutral aerosol particles as well, so that it will be possible to measure size distributions of ambient aerosols from 1 nm to 1 μm.

  8. A new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-RDMA for size distribution measurements of sub-3 nm ions at ambient concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchin, A.; Downard, A. J.; Kangasluoma, J.; Nieminen, T.; Lehtipalo, K.; Steiner, G.; Manninen, H. E.; Petäjä, T.; Flagan, R. C.; Kulmala, M.

    2015-06-01

    Reliable and reproducible measurements of atmospheric aerosol particle number size distributions below 10 nm require optimized classification instruments with high particle transmission efficiency. Almost all DMAs have an unfavorable potential gradient at the outlet (e.g. long column, Vienna type) or at the inlet (nano-radial DMA). This feature prevents them from achieving a good transmission efficiency for the smallest nanoparticles. We developed a new high transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-radial DMA (nRDMA) that increases the transmission efficiency to 12 % for ions as small as 1.3 nm in mobility equivalent diameter (corresponding to 1.2 × 10-4 m2 V-1 s-1 in electrical mobility). We successfully deployed the nRDMA, equipped with the new inlet, in chamber measurements, using a Particle Size Magnifier (PSM) and a booster Condensation Particle Counter (CPC) as a counter. With this setup, we were able to measure size distributions of ions between 1.3 and 6 nm, corresponding to a mobility range from 1.2 × 10-4 to 5.8 × 10-6 m2 V-1 s-1. The system was modeled, tested in the laboratory and used to measure negative ions at ambient concentrations in the CLOUD 7 measurement campaign at CERN. We achieved a higher size resolution than techniques currently used in field measurements, and maintained a good transmission efficiency at moderate inlet and sheath air flows (2.5 and 30 LPM, respectively). In this paper, by measuring size distribution at high size resolution down to 1.3 nm, we extend the limit of the current technology. The current setup is limited to ion measurements. However, we envision that future research focused on the charging mechanisms could extend the technique to measure neutral aerosol particles as well, so that it will be possible to measure size distributions of ambient aerosols from 1 nm to 1 μm.

  9. The NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program - Presentation to Korean Aerospace Research Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Sampson, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    This presentation will provide basic information about NASA's Electronic Parts and Packaging Program (NEPP), for sharing with representatives of the South Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) as part of a larger presentation by Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance. The NEPP information includes mission and goals, history of the program, basic focus areas, strategies, deliverables and some examples of current tasks.

  10. Experimental and analytical studies of merging plasma loops on the Caltech solar loop experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitigoi-Aron, Gabriela

    Attracting and retaining strong faculty members in dental schools have long been challenges in the United States. Faced with an emerging crisis in the availability and quality of dental educators, many researchers have focused on analyzing data and trends related to this subject. Even though there are substantial studies that provide a picture of why domestic dentists choose to become dental educators, there are no dedicated studies investigating why foreign-educated dentists want to become dental educators. This distinct area is of particular importance as we witness increasing diversity of patients and an increased need for a more diverse health care workforce. The purpose of this study was to analyze the reasons why foreign-educated dentists became dental educators in United States and furthermore, at University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco, California. The research data was collected by means of surveys and in-depth interviews of foreign-trained faculty and IDS graduates on staff at Pacific. The data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics for the survey and a process of thematic analysis for interviews. The surveys' analysis yielded the following six factors that most positively influenced foreign-educated dentists in deciding to embrace a career as an academic educator: (1) Intellectual challenges and stimulation; (2) Opportunity to always be on the cutting edge; (3) Interest in science, new discovery, exploration; (4) Opportunity for regular interaction with other faculty dentists; (5) Desire to be a teacher. (6) Collegial environment of the university. There were two most negative factors identified, as follows: (1) Income differential compared to private practice; (2) Pressure to generate income for the university. Corroborated by analysis of the interviews, the following themes emerged: (1) Drive for research; (2) Desire to be on cutting edge. (3) Desire to share knowledge through teaching; (4) Social

  11. Past, present and future of saline lakes: research for global sustainable development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadrin, Nickolai; Zheng, Mianping; Oren, Aharon

    2015-11-01

    The 12th International Conference on Salt Lake Research was held in Langfang City, China from July 14 to 18, 2014. Fifteen manuscripts of presentations have been retained for publication in this special issue. They are very diverse, covering the biology, physics, chemistry and geology of salt lakes, the history of hydrological research on the Dead Sea, the effects of socioeconomic and environmental policies by stakeholders on human populations, and the increasing salinization of freshwater lakes around the world.

  12. Status of health and environmental research relative to coal gasification 1976 to the present

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilzbach, K.E.; Reilly, C.A. Jr. (comps.)

    1982-10-01

    Health and environmental research relative to coal gasification conducted by Argonne National Laboratory, the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory under DOE sponsorship is summarized. The studies have focused on the chemical and toxicological characterization of materials from a range of process streams in five bench-scale, pilot-plant and industrial gasifiers. They also address ecological effects, industrial hygiene, environmental control technology performance, and risk assessment. Following an overview of coal gasification technology and related environmental concerns, integrated summaries of the studies and results in each area are presented and conclusions are drawn. Needed health and environmental research relative to coal gasification is identified.

  13. CALTECH CORE-COLLAPSE PROJECT (CCCP) OBSERVATIONS OF TYPE IIn SUPERNOVAE: TYPICAL PROPERTIES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THEIR PROGENITOR STARS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Type IIn supernovae (SNe IIn) are rare events, constituting only a few percent of all core-collapse SNe, and the current sample of well-observed SNe IIn is small. Here, we study the four SNe IIn observed by the Caltech Core-Collapse Project (CCCP). The CCCP SN sample is unbiased to the extent that object selection was not influenced by target SN properties. Therefore, these events are representative of the observed population of SNe IIn. We find that a narrow P-Cygni profile in the hydrogen Balmer lines appears to be a ubiquitous feature of SNe IIn. Our light curves show a relatively long rise time (>20 days) followed by a slow decline stage (0.01-0.15 mag day–1), and a typical V-band peak magnitude of MV = –18.4 ± 1.0 mag. We measure the progenitor star wind velocities (600-1400 km s–1) for the SNe in our sample and derive pre-explosion mass-loss rates (0.026-0.12 M☉ yr–1). We compile similar data for SNe IIn from the literature and discuss our results in the context of this larger sample. Our results indicate that typical SNe IIn arise from progenitor stars that undergo luminous-blue-variable-like mass loss shortly before they explode.

  14. Review of Caltech Workshop and some parametric questions for a high-luminosity asymmetric B-factory collider

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential to probe the Standard Model and beyond with studies in the B-meson system has resulted in the investigation of techniques to perform this physics. One of the most promising is to produce the Υ(4S) resonance, moving in the laboratory frame, using an e+e- storage-ring collider with different energies in the two beams. In this paper, the author summarizes the results of that workshop in this paper, and also investigate some parametric questions incorporating several of the constraints discussed there. The purpose of the Caltech Workshop was to consider the accelerator physics issues faced in attempting to achieve a high-luminosity asymmetric e+e- storage-ring B-factory in the Ecm ∼ 10-GeV region. There were four working groups, chosen to address what were perceived to be the most difficult areas: beam-beam limitations, optics, beam current limitations, and small beam pipe at the interaction point (IP). The author summarizes the conclusions from each of these groups in the following sections. Many of these considerations apply as well to symmetric B-factory colliders

  15. Science and Exploration Research Office Publications and Presentations, January 1-December 31, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, F. G. (Compiler)

    2007-01-01

    This Technical Memorandum (TM) lists the significant publications and presentations of the Science and Exploration Research Office during the period January 1-December 31, 2006. Entries in the main part of the document are categorized according to NASA Reports (arranged by report number), Open Literature and Presentations (arranged alphabetically by title). Most of the articles listed under Open Literature have appeared in refereed professional journals, books, monographs, or conference proceedings. Although many published abstracts are eventually expanded into full papers for publication in scientific and technical journals, they are often sufficiently comprehensive to include the significant results of the research reported. Therefore, published abstracts are listed separately in a subsection under Open Literature.

  16. Desperately seeking reductions in health inequalities: perspectives of UK researchers on past, present and future directions in health inequalities research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garthwaite, Kayleigh; Smith, Katherine E; Bambra, Clare; Pearce, Jamie

    2016-03-01

    Following government commitments to reducing health inequalities from 1997 onwards, the UK has been recognised as a global leader in health inequalities research and policy. Yet health inequalities have continued to widen by most measures, prompting calls for new research agendas and advocacy to facilitate greater public support for the upstream policies that evidence suggests are required. However, there is currently no agreement as to what new research might involve or precisely what public health egalitarians ought to be advocating. This article presents an analysis of discussions among 52 researchers to consider the feasibility that research-informed advocacy around particular solutions to health inequalities may emerge in the UK. The data indicate there is a consensus that more should be been done to learn from post-1997 efforts to reduce health inequalities, and an obvious desire to provide clearer policy guidance in future.However, discussions as to where researchers should now focus their efforts and with whom researchers ought to be engaging reveal three distinct ways of approaching health inequalities, each of which has its own epistemological foundations. Such differences imply that a consensus on reducing health inequalities is unlikely to materialise. Instead, progress seems most likely if all three approaches are simultaneously enabled. PMID:27358991

  17. Present-day state of automatization of scientific researches in academic institutes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The state of works on technology relative to creation and development of technical and programming means for scientific research computerized systems based on international standards, networks and interfaces is presented. The review is based on the analysis of periodical publications, conference and symposia materials, as well as materials specially presented to the Council on automation. An attempt is made to forecast the basic trends. 16 refs.; 19 figs

  18. Present status of research activities on transmutation of actinides in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Japan, the idea to make use of transmutation for the final disposal method of HLW was first examined by Ichimiya, Amano, Hamada et al., when the Japan Atomic Industry forum had organized a study committee for HLW treatment in 1973. This article has the scope to outline the present research activities on transmutation of actinides in Japan

  19. Caltech/USGS Southern California Seismic Network (SCSN): Infrastructure upgrade to support Earthquake Early Warning (EEW)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhadha, R. J.; Hauksson, E.; Boese, M.; Felizardo, C.; Thomas, V. I.; Yu, E.; Given, D. D.; Heaton, T. H.; Hudnut, K. W.

    2013-12-01

    The SCSN is the modern digital ground motion seismic network in Southern California and performs the following tasks: 1) Operates remote seismic stations and the central data processing systems in Pasadena; 2) Generates and reports real-time products including location, magnitude, ShakeMap, aftershock probabilities and others; 3) Responds to FEMA, CalOES, media, and public inquiries about earthquakes; 4) Manages the production, archival, and distribution of waveforms, phase picks, and other data at the SCEDC; 5) Contributes to development and implementation of the demonstration EEW system called CISN ShakeAlert. Initially, the ShakeAlert project was funded through the US Geological Survey (USGS) and in early 2012, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation provided three years of new funding for EEW research and development for the US west coast. Recently, we have also received some Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) funding to enhance the EEW capabilities for the local UASI region by making our system overall faster, more reliable and redundant than the existing system. The additional and upgraded stations will be capable of decreasing latency and ensuring data delivery by using more reliable and redundant telemetry pathways. Overall, this will enhance the reliability of the earthquake early warnings by providing denser station coverage and more resilient data centers than before. * Seismic Datalogger upgrade: replaces existing dataloggers with modern equipment capable of sending one-second uncompressed packets and utilizing redundant Ethernet telemetry. * GPS upgrade: replaces the existing GPS receivers and antennas, especially at "zipper array" sites near the major faults, with receivers that perform on-board precise point positioning to calculate position and velocity in real time and stream continuous data for use in EEW calculations. * New co-located seismic/GPS stations: increases station density and reduces early warning delays that are incurred by travel

  20. Initial experience with a group presentation of study results to research participants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bent Stephen

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite ethical imperatives, informing research participants about the results of the studies in which they take part is not often performed. This is due, in part, to the costs and burdens of communicating with each participant after publication of the results. Methods Following the closeout and publication of a randomized clinical trial of saw palmetto for treatment of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia, patients were invited back to the research center to participate in a group presentation of the study results. Results Approximately 10% of participants attended one of two presentation sessions. Reaction to the experience of the group presentation was very positive among the attendees. Conclusion A group presentation to research participants is an efficient method of communicating study results to those who desire to be informed and was highly valued by those who attended. Prospectively planning for such presentations and greater scheduling flexibility may result in higher attendance rates. Trial Registration Number Clinicaltrials.gov #NCT00037154

  1. Research on aging in Latin America: Present status and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sennott-Miller, L

    1994-01-01

    This essay examines the status of aging research in Latin America. It presents a profile of the aging population in the Region in relation to societal institutions, illustrating how the aged are only marginally served by them. Most of the available information is derived from secondary sources and comes from international and national agencies, and private organizations. Data-based research includes small-sample studies of specific issues and country-specific investigations by both U.S. and Latin American researchers. Paradigms used emphasize successful/productive aging, functional ability, and, to a lesser extent, work focused on health conditions or specific situations such as poverty. The best sources of contextual information are often unpublished or not published in the mainstream literature. Future directions recommended include organizing existing data to inform policy, identifying, with Latin American researchers, the most critical research questions, formalizing collaborative relationships, and holding a working conference of those involved in Latin American aging research to develop a future agenda. PMID:24390003

  2. Present State of Explosion Seismic Wave Research and Primary Investigation on Its Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The present state and the significance of research on explosion seismic waves are discussed, and meanwhile the main contents and the basic problems to be solved in the study of explosion seismic waves are analyzed. The spectra characteristics of explosion seismic waves, functions of the isolated-seismic grooves and influences of the detonating methods on explosion seismic waves are investigated by experiments. The experimental method is introduced. Some experimental results are presented which are concerned with the influences of topographical conditions, explosive charges, ignition patterns, isolated-seismic grooves and the other related factors on the characteristics of seismic waves.

  3. Managing potato wart: a review of present research status and future perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Obidiegwu, J.; Flath, K.; C. Gebhardt

    2014-01-01

    Key message Identification of resistance genes to potato wart disease caused by Synchytrium endobioticum is the key for developing diagnostic markers for breeding resistant cultivars. We present an overview on the current knowledge of this host-pathogen system and molecular advances while highlighting future research focus. Abstract Potato wart is a quarantined disease of cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) caused by the obligate biotrophic, soil-borne fungus Synchytrium endobioticum (Sc...

  4. A new high-transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-RDMA for size distribution measurements of sub-3 nm ions at ambient concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchin, Alessandro; Downard, Andy; Kangasluoma, Juha; Nieminen, Tuomo; Lehtipalo, Katrianne; Steiner, Gerhard; Manninen, Hanna E.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Flagan, Richard C.; Kulmala, Markku

    2016-06-01

    Reliable and reproducible measurements of atmospheric aerosol particle number size distributions below 10 nm require optimized classification instruments with high particle transmission efficiency. Almost all differential mobility analyzers (DMAs) have an unfavorable potential gradient at the outlet (e.g., long column, Vienna type) or at the inlet (nano-radial DMA), preventing them from achieving a good transmission efficiency for the smallest nanoparticles. We developed a new high-transmission inlet for the Caltech nano-radial DMA (nRDMA) that increases the transmission efficiency to 12 % for ions as small as 1.3 nm in Millikan-Fuchs mobility equivalent diameter, Dp (corresponding to 1.2 × 10-4 m2 V-1 s-1 in electrical mobility). We successfully deployed the nRDMA, equipped with the new inlet, in chamber measurements, using a particle size magnifier (PSM) and as a booster a condensation particle counter (CPC). With this setup, we were able to measure size distributions of ions within a mobility range from 1.2 × 10-4 to 5.8 × 10-6 m2 V-1 s-1. The system was modeled, tested in the laboratory and used to measure negative ions at ambient concentrations in the CLOUD (Cosmics Leaving Outdoor Droplets) 7 measurement campaign at CERN. We achieved a higher size resolution (R = 5.5 at Dp = 1.47 nm) than techniques currently used in field measurements (e.g., Neutral cluster and Air Ion Spectrometer (NAIS), which has a R ˜ 2 at largest sizes, and R ˜ 1.8 at Dp = 1.5 nm) and maintained a good total transmission efficiency (6.3 % at Dp = 1.5 nm) at moderate inlet and sheath airflows (2.5 and 30 L min-1, respectively). In this paper, by measuring size distributions at high size resolution down to 1.3 nm, we extend the limit of the current technology. The current setup is limited to ion measurements. However, we envision that future research focused on the charging mechanisms could extend the technique to measure neutral aerosol particles as well, so that it will be possible

  5. Tales from the Dark Side: Teacher Professional Development , Support , Activities, Student Research & Presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, C. E.; Pompea, S. M.

    2013-12-01

    In a partnership last Spring with Arizona Public Service, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) created the 'Dark-Skies Energy Education Program: Energy Awareness for a Sustainable Future'. In this program, experienced science and technology education specialists from NOAO led 2 one-day professional development workshops for thirteen 6th grade teachers on dark skies and energy education. The workshops focused on three foundational, scaffolding activities and a final student research project. This in turn culminated in a Family Science Night where students presented their projects. In between these events, our NOAO team provided support for teachers through real-time video conferencing using FaceTime. In addition to the professional development, each teacher received a kit full of resource materials to perform the activities and research project. The kit was at no cost to the teacher, school, or district. Each kit contained the latest version of a tablet, which was used to facilitate communication and support for the teachers, as well as provide all the program's written teaching materials. The activities are in accordance with state, Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards. Our NOAO instructors gave firsthand experiences on how best to use these materials in a classroom or public setting. They also discussed opportunities on how they can incorporate, adapt and expand upon the activities and research projects in the classroom. Evaluation reports from the program's independent evaluator showed that the students enjoyed learning from the three foundational activities and research projects. The project presentations by the Yuma students were outstanding in their creativity, level of effort, and scientific accuracy. To summarize the evaluations, significant changes in knowledge and attitude were made with the teachers and students (from one-on-one interviews and surveys), but behavioral changes (albeit only over a semester) seemed minimal. The AGU

  6. The Bok Award Presented for High School Astronomy Research at the Intel Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garmany, Catharine D.

    2013-01-01

    The Priscilla and Bart Bok award, presented jointly by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) and the American Astronomical Society (AAS) at the annual Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF), recognizes excellent research in astronomy conducted by high school students. The award is named in honor of two well-known astronomers. Bart Bok was an outstanding research astronomer: much of his research was done with his wife, Priscilla Fairfield Bok. Since 1992, the ASP and the AAS have shared the responsibility of sending three judges to the annual Intel ISEF to select two Bok awardees. Funds for the prizes themselves are derived from an endowment in Bart Bok’s honor held at the ASP. The Intel ISEF is a massive event. In order to become a finalist and attend ISEF, a student must first compete, and win one of the top awards, in both their local and regional science fairs. In recent years, about 1,500 high-school students have attended. About 100 of these students present projects in the category physics: of these, less than 20 are astronomy projects. Winners of the award are invited to attend the winter AAS meeting, and this year both of the 2012 winners are expected to be in attendance. There are also previous winners who are actively in our midst. But there is an unanswered question: why are there so few student projects in astronomy?

  7. The Virtual Poster Showcase: Opportunities for students to present their research from anywhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asher, P. M.; Furukawa, H.; Williams, B. M.; Holm Adamec, B.

    2015-12-01

    Although many students conduct research with faculty in organized summer programs or as part of their course work or their degree work, they often face barriers to traveling to present that research, especially at national or international conferences. This is especially true for students who are members of underrepresented minority populations and students studying outside of the United States. A new and exciting opportunity for undergraduate as well as graduate students to showcase their work is now available. AGU piloted three opportunities for an undergraduate and graduate virtual poster showcase in the fall of 2015. Student participants were recruited from a diverse array of groups including minority-serving organizations, two-year colleges, and internship programs at federal agencies and national laboratories. Students uploaded an abstract, poster, and short video explain their research, and then participated in Q&A sessions with peers as well as expert judges. This presentation will share characteristics of participating groups, lessons learned from this new program, and preliminary evaluation findings as well as plans for the future.

  8. Present status and development on biological nitrogen fixation research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    This presentation introduces the advances in biological nitrogen fixation research abroad, in particular, describes the great progress and achievements on its research in China as follows: collection of rhizobial resources and establishment of the largest database of Rhizobium in China, correction and development of Rhizobium taxonomy in international; discovery of a couple of nif genes, identification and unification of linkage among the nif gene operons of Klebsiella pneumoniae, finding of regulative mechanism of positive regulation nif gene and its sensitivity to oxygen, temperature; finding of the activity of nodulation gene nodD3 product in Sinorhizobium meliloti which is not controlled by flavonoid produced from its host alfalfa; finding of the association between expression of genes coding the products for carbon utilization and nitrogen metabolism and their regulations; chemical synthesis of nodulation factor of Sinorhizobium meliloti; constructions of engineered nitrogen fixers and utilization in practice based on the research of gene expression and regulation; chemical simulation of the structure and function of nitrogenase and bringing forward the model of nitrogenase active center for the first time in international and synthesis of model compounds which were paid attention by colleagues abroad. Finally, the development of nitrogen fixation research in China in future has been put forward, suggesting that the nif gene regulation and its role in providing crops with nitrogen element, signal transduction and molecular interactions between Rhizobium and legume, coupling between carbon and nitrogen metabolisms, nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis, and functional genomics of nitrogen-fixing nodule symbiosis, etc., would be actively worked on.

  9. On possibilities for action: The past, present and future of affordance research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gert-Jan Pepping

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We give a historical overview of the development of almost 50 years of empirical research on the affordances in the past and in the present. Defined by James Jerome Gibson in the early development of the Ecological Approach to Perception and Action as the prime of perception and action, affordances have become a rich topic of investigation in the fields of human movement science and experimental psychology. The methodological origins of the empirical research performed on affordances can be traced back to the mid 1980’s and the works of Warren (1984, 1988 and Michaels (1988. Most of the research in Ecological Psychology performed since has focused on the actualization of discretely defined actions, the perception of action boundaries, the calculation of pi-numbers, and the measurement of response times. The research efforts have resulted in advancements in the understanding of the dynamic nature of affordances, affordances in a social context and the importance of calibration for perception of affordances. Although affordances are seen as an instrumental part of the control of action most studies investigating affordances do not pay attention to the control of the action. We conclude that affordances are still primarily treated as a utility to select behaviour, which creates a conceptual barrier that hinders deeper understanding of affordances. A focus on action-boundaries has largely prevented advancement in other aspects of affordances, most notably an integrative understanding of the role of affordances in the control of action.

  10. Present state of research and development of atomic energy in five Asian countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The survey group for Asian atomic energy cooperation was dispatched by the Japanese government, and toured Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Bangladesh from September 7 to 19, 1980. The present state of atomic energy development and the energy situation in respective countries were surveyed through the exchange of opinion and the inspection of related facilities. The Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology was concluded in June, 1972, and 12 countries have participated in it. It was impressive that respective countries have the peculiar energy policies corresponding to their objective conditions. They regard atomic energy as the important substitute energy for petroleum, but the fear about the safety of atomic energy and the movement against nuclear power generation have been growing considerably. The research and development on atomic energy are carried out very actively in respective countries, and the construction of large-scale research centers was commenced in Indonesia, Malaysia and Bangladesh. Research reactors have been operated in Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand since about 20 years ago, and the utilization of radioisotopes and radiation has been studied. The cooperation of Japan with these countries is far behind that of other advanced countries. (Kako, I.)

  11. The Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy - present state and future prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy is the biggest one within Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and it is a leading complex center for research and application of the nuclear physics in Bulgaria. The year 2003 was the first for the functioning of the new organization structure of INRNE consisting of 26 laboratories and 4 scientific experimental bases joined according their thematic in 7 scientific directions governed by the correspondent Expert Councils and Specialised Seminars. The scientific staff of the Institute has been worked on about 104 problems during the 2003 mainly on our traditional scientific areas, in particular, in the field of: theory of the elementary particles, field theory, atomic nuclei and quantum phenomena; experimental physics of the elementary particles, nuclear reactions, structure of atomic nuclei, cosmic rays and gamma-astrophysics at ultra high energies; neutron interactions and cross sections, physics of the fission; reactor physics, nuclear energy and nuclear safety and security ect. Now the results are already present and, as can been seen, almost half of the developments are connected with the problems of scientific support of the national nuclear energy production, radioactive waste, monitoring and management of the environment. With few exceptions, all these tasks are financially supported by national, foreign and international organizations. The fundamental end applied research results for 2003 have been accepted for publication or published in more than 300 articles in journals and proceeding of many international conferences. Large amount of these results has been obtained in close collaboration with international and foreign research centers, universities and institutions. Essential progress was obtained by the modernization of the scientific experimental bases of INRNE. The technical design project for the reconstruction of the old research reactor IRT 2000 in the new IRT 200 was successfully finished. The

  12. Present status of the innovative basic research on high-temperature engineering using the HTTR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high-temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR) of JAERI aims at establishment and upgrading the HTGR technologies as well as the innovative basic research in the field of high-temperature engineering. It is now under commissioning tests and will soon achieve the rated power of 30 I/W. This paper presents a brief overview concerning the innovative basic research in the following fields: - New materials development of high-temperature oxide superconductors (HTSC), high performance silicon carbide (SIC) semiconductor, and heat-resistant ceramic composite materials. - High-temperature radiation chemistry research on poly-silane decomposition into SiC fibres, and high-temperature radiolysis of heavy oils and plastics, as well as in situ measurement of property changes of solid tritium breeding materials under irradiation. - High-temperature in-core instrumentation development of a heat- and radiation-resistant optical fibre system and of devices for monitoring neutron and gamma-ray spectra. JAERI is preparing for the first HTTR irradiation in 2003 and will then proceed to the international collaboration phase on. high-temperature irradiation test for development of the new materials in the field of high-temperature engineering. (authors)

  13. USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Research Presented at the NAAMLP Meeting in Billings, Mont., Sept. 25, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kate; Church, Stan

    2006-01-01

    The following talk was an invited presentation given at the National Association of Abandoned Mine Lands Programs meeting in Billings, Montana on Sept. 25, 2006. The objective of the talk was to outline the scope of the U.S. Geological Survey research, past, present and future, in the area of abandoned mine research. Two large Professional Papers have come out of our AML studies: Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., 2004, Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, 524 p., 2 plates, 1 DVD, URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/pp/pp1652 Church, S.E., von Guerard, Paul, and Finger, S.E., eds., 2006, Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, 1,096 p., 6 plates, 1 DVD (in press). Additional publications and links can be found on the USGS AML website at URL: http://amli.usgs.gov/ or are accessible from the USGS Mineral Resource Program website at URL: http://minerals.usgs.gov/.

  14. The past, the present and the future of experimental research on myocardial ischemia and protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostadal, Bohuslav

    2009-01-01

    At present, cardiovascular diseases represent the most important health risks because they are responsible for more than 50% of total mortality. Among them, ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and according to the World Health Organization, will be the major global cause of death by the year 2020. Major progress in the prognosis, diagnosis and therapy of ischemic heart disease would be impossible without notable achievements of the 20th century that have been critical for further development of cardiology.We are now living in the era of molecular medicine, and the influence of basic research on clinical practice has never been more pronounced. This, however, necessitates a new strategy; future cardiovascular research should include the following general guidelines: 1) to evaluate the role and proportion of already described molecular pathways; descriptive approaches will gradually disappear; 2) to distinguish between acute, chronic and pleiotropic effects of different drugs under in vitro and in vivo conditions, with respect to possible clinical use; 3) to use clinically relevant genetic models; 4) to study possible alterations in intracellular signaling in order to find the decisive steps responsible for abnormal control of cell growth, contractile function, lipid metabolism, cardiac ischemic tolerance, etc.; 5) to study the molecular mechanisms of cardiovascular diseases not only in healthy individuals, but also under different pathological conditions. Such an approach must include developmental and gender differences, which are particularly important for the field of ischemic heart disease; therefore, experimental cardiovascular research can no longer be restricted to males of uncertain age. It is hoped that patients in future decades will profit from the progress of basic cardiovascular research. PMID:19307688

  15. Present status of research and development of radioactive waste treatment (1). Present status of concept, business, research and development of radioactive waste treatment in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of radioactive waste treatment and research and development for its commercialization in Japan is explained. The relation between the kinds of radioactive wastes and production sites, the treatment methods depending on the kind and level of radioactive waste, low level radioactive waste treatment method, the basic concept, selection of sites, and barrier functions of high level radioactive waste facility are stated. Outline of fundamental technology development system of radioactive treatment in Japan, development of investigation and evaluation technology of site properties, design and execution of treatment facility, and the future treatment technologies are stated. (S.Y.)

  16. Appearance and self-presentation research in gay consumer cultures: issues and impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudd, N A

    1996-01-01

    Individuals present themselves to others through a variety of verbal and non-verbal behaviors. Appearance represents a non-verbal behavior which consumes a significant amount of our time, effort, and thought. We create and monitor our appearances in relation to cultural standards of attractiveness, relying on a wide range of appearance products and services to do so. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of appearance and self-presentation among gay consumers, to discuss issues relating to conducting gay consumer research, to discuss implications for marketing strategies, and to suggest recommendations for further research on specific aspects of appearance management as they may affect marketing to gay consumers. Two studies are reported herein. The first study examines differences in perception among homosexual men when viewing a stimulus person dressed in six distinctly different modes of expression. Social impressions of the stimulus person were different on 15 pairs of characteristics, with certain modes of dress resulting in greater consistency of response and others resulting in greater variability of response. The second study explores differences in aesthetic responses between homosexual and heterosexual men with respect to 14 apparel style categories and 3 fragrance categories. It was found that homosexual men had significantly different responses to innovative, trendy variations in 6 categories of dress, while both homosexual and heterosexual men had similar responses for classic, traditional variations in style categories that might constitute a basic college campus wardrobe (jeans, casual shirts, casual pants, underwear, and coats). Scent preferences also differed between the two groups of respondents. Homosexual men preferred floral, sweet fragrance categories and oriental, spicy categories, while heterosexual men preferred woody, green fragrance categories. These studies suggest that different appearance aesthetics may operate for

  17. The 30 kW research reactor facility in Ghana: Past, present and future programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    , research and training. The present and future collaboration programmes with national institutions and technical cooperation among some AFRA member states shall be given. (author)

  18. A 60-year journey of mycorrhizal research in China:Past,present and future directions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The significance of mycorrhizas(fungal roots in 90% of land plants) in plant nutrient acquisition and growth,element biogeo-chemical cycling and maintaining of terrestrial ecosystem structures has been globally established for more than 120 years.Great progress in mycorrhizal research in the past 60 years(1950-2009,1981-2009 in particular) has also been made across China,particularly in the mainland,Hong Kong and Taiwan.For instance,a total of 20 new and ~120 records of arbuscular mycorrhizal(AM) fungal species,30 new and ~800 records of ectomycorrhizal(EM) fungal species,a dozen of new and ~100 records of orchid mycorrhizal(OM) fungal species have been isolated by morphological observation and/or molecular identification in China since the 1950s.Great accomplishment has also been made in the following area,including fungal species richness and genetic structure,relationships between species composition and plant taxa,effects of mycorrhizal fungi on plant nutrient uptake and growth,resistances to pathogens and interactions with other soil microorganisms,potential of mycorrhizal fungi in phytoremediation and/or land reclamation,alterations of enzymatic activities in mycorrhizal plants,and elevated CO2 and O3 on root colonization and species diversity.Unfortunately,the international community cannot easily appreciate almost all Chinese mycorrhizal studies since the vast majority of them have been published in Chinese and/or in China-based journals.The aim of this review is to make a comprehensive exposure of the past and present China’s major mycorrhizal research to the whole world,and then to suggest potential directions for the enhancement of future mycorrhizal research within and/or between the Chinese and international mycorrhizal community.

  19. Present status of research on hydrogen energy and perspective of HTGR hydrogen production system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyamoto, Yoshiaki; Ogawa, Masuro; Akino, Norio [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment] [and others

    2001-03-01

    A study was performed to make a clear positioning of research and development on hydrogen production systems with a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) under currently promoting at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute through a grasp of the present status of hydrogen energy, focussing on its production and utilization as an energy in future. The study made clear that introduction of safe distance concept for hydrogen fire and explosion was practicable for a HTGR hydrogen production system, including hydrogen properties and need to provide regulations applying to handle hydrogen. And also generalization of hydrogen production processes showed technical issues of the HTGR system. Hydrogen with HTGR was competitive to one with fossil fired system due to evaluation of production cost. Hydrogen is expected to be used as promising fuel of fuel cell cars in future. In addition, the study indicated that there were a large amount of energy demand alternative to high efficiency power generation and fossil fuel with nuclear energy through the structure of energy demand and supply in Japan. Assuming that hydrogen with HTGR meets all demand of fuel cell cars, an estimation would show introduction of the maximum number of about 30 HTGRs with capacity of 100 MWt from 2020 to 2030. (author)

  20. Present status of research on hydrogen energy and perspective of HTGR hydrogen production system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study was performed to make a clear positioning of research and development on hydrogen production systems with a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) under currently promoting at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute through a grasp of the present status of hydrogen energy, focussing on its production and utilization as an energy in future. The study made clear that introduction of safe distance concept for hydrogen fire and explosion was practicable for a HTGR hydrogen production system, including hydrogen properties and need to provide regulations applying to handle hydrogen. And also generalization of hydrogen production processes showed technical issues of the HTGR system. Hydrogen with HTGR was competitive to one with fossil fired system due to evaluation of production cost. Hydrogen is expected to be used as promising fuel of fuel cell cars in future. In addition, the study indicated that there were a large amount of energy demand alternative to high efficiency power generation and fossil fuel with nuclear energy through the structure of energy demand and supply in Japan. Assuming that hydrogen with HTGR meets all demand of fuel cell cars, an estimation would show introduction of the maximum number of about 30 HTGRs with capacity of 100 MWt from 2020 to 2030. (author)

  1. Studies in Teaching: 2009 Research Digest. Research Projects Presented at Annual Research Forum (15th, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    This document presents the proceedings of the Annual Research Forum. Included herein are the following 29 studies: (1) What Factors Influence Algebra 1 Students' Attitudes toward Math? (Elizabeth A. Allen); (2) Low-Income Student and Teacher Impressions of Kagan Cooperative Learning (Andrea Anderson); (3) Developing and Implementing an Articulated…

  2. April 2002 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salari, K; Dunn, T; Ortega, J; Yen-Nakafuji, D; Browand, F; Arcas, D; Jammache, M; Leoard, A; Chatelain, P; Rubel, M; Rutledge, W; McWherter-Payne, M; Roy, Ca; Ross, J; Satran, D; Heineck, J T; Storms, B; Pointer, D; Sofu, T; Weber, D; Chu, E; Hancock, P; Bundy, B; Englar, B

    2002-08-22

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on April 3 and 4, 2002. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss technical details on the experimental and computational work in progress and future project plans. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Transportation Technology Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology (OHVT), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center, University of Southern California (USC), and California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Volvo Trucks, and Freightliner Trucks presented and participated in discussions. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items.

  3. Presentation of the ressac research program (rehabilitation of soils and surfaces after an accident)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    If, despite all the precautions taken in nuclear power plants, a severe accident was to occur in France involving extensive release of radioactive materials to the environment, existing emergency plans would be implemented enabling urgent decisions to be made with regard to the immediate protection of the population: confinement indoors, evacuation, distribution of stable iodine, etc. But, at a later stage, mean and long term actions would have to be carried out to decontaminate the polluted areas and limit subsequent contamination of the food chain, with a view to enabling the populations concerned to return to normal life. These actions would concern, in decreasing order of priority and using the WHO and IAEA definitions, the near field, closest to the accident site, and the far field, subjected to the direct impact of fallout. They should be aimed at reducing external exposure due to deposition and internal exposure by inhalation of radioactive products re-suspended in the atmosphere and by ingestion of products for human consumption. In the context of IPSN (Institute of Protection and Nuclear Safety) research and development programs on severe accidents, the RESSAC program was defined in 1985 for the purpose of studying methods and means of rehabilitating the near field and controlling problems related to the far field. Elaboration of the program is presently proceeding at the Nuclear Research Center of CADARACHE, focussed on the following main topics: assessment of what happens to the radionuclides deposited on the soil and vegetation, determination of priorities and how to intervene, management of the waste produced

  4. Estimation of the future nuclear power research in Romania, based on the present Cernavoda NPP evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For more than four decades, the electric power needs of Romania were evaluated on the basis of the State Plan for Economic Development. To identify the optimal solution, the 'least price per produced MWh' was practically the only criterion. Now, there is no convincing estimation of the future economic development and at least two additional criteria play a significant role, 'the safety in the supply of the needed electric power', and 'the need of limiting the environmental impact of electricity generation'. The analysis dedicated to evaluation of future electric power solutions must take into account several features of the present situation. There are no available internal funds to finance the construction of new generating units of the order of several hundreds of MW. Even the so-called 'refurbishing' of the existing thermal power plants is based on foreign loan. In the 2000 year, about 80 electricity generation units reached 30 years of operation, i.e., the design life. Other thermal power plants proved very modest performances during 15-20 years of operation. Consequently, the future of almost 100 generating units is either in shutdown + decommissioning or shutdown + modernization situation. The Government analyzed the situation and decided to continue the completion of the Cernavoda NPP. The Unit 2 will be commissioned in a couple of years, and there is a schedule of negotiations relating the future of the Unit 3. After almost five years of successful operation of the Unit 1, the collaboration between RDT Institutes and NPP has clear features. Based on the experience related to this collaboration and taking into account the evolution of the Cernavoda NPP, we estimated that five research domains have significant chances to obtain a stable (and, hopefully, consistent) financial support. 1. Nuclear Safety, in particular Accident Analysis. As the Government re-iterated the firm decision to meet the conditions required for European integration, most of the nuclear

  5. Are We (T)here Yet? Qualitative Research in Education's Profuse and Contested Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Handel Kashope

    2006-01-01

    This essay addresses the topic of the state of qualitative research in education by asserting that qualitative research in education is in quite a state. Drawing heavily on Denzin and Lincoln's periodization of qualitative research as a guide, it outlines the various competing developments from within and outside that are vying to characterize the…

  6. Development of a polarization resolved spectroscopic diagnostic for measurements of the magnetic field in the Caltech coaxial magnetized plasma jet experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shikama, Taiichi; Bellan, Paul M.

    2011-11-01

    Measurements of the magnetic field strength in current-carrying magnetically confined plasmas are necessary for understanding the underlying physics governing the dynamical behavior. Such a measurement would be particularly useful in the Caltech coaxial magnetized plasma gun, an experiment used for fundamental studies relevant to spheromak formation, astrophysical jet formation/propagation, solar coronal physics, and the general behavior of twisted magnetic flux tubes that intercept a boundary. In order to measure the field strength in the Caltech experiment, a non-perturbing spectroscopic method is being implemented to observe the Zeeman splitting in the emission spectra. The method is based on polarization-resolving spectroscopy of the Zeeman-split σ components, a technique previously used in both solar and laboratory plasmas. We have designed and constructed an optical system that can simultaneously detect left- and right-circularly polarized emission with both high throughput and small extinction ratio. The system will be used on the 489.5 nm NII line, chosen because of its simple Zeeman structure and minimal Stark broadening.

  7. Accounting Research: a Critical View of the Present Situation and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Garcia-Blandon

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study we critically review the internal procedures of the accounting community for generating and disseminating knowledge. We contend that academic journals on accounting research are scarce, publish few articles and apply high rejection rates, and the review process is lengthy and expensive. Additionally, an academic elite has unparalleled predominance in comparison to other business disciplines, reflected in an unusual share of published articles with authors affiliated to a small number of academic institutions, and the predominance of certain topics and methodologies. The discipline does not allow the collaborative, iterative and flexible features of innovative knowledge communities. The discipline’s internal procedures favour restriction, control, slowness, and expiration, rather than participation, speed and renewal. They are ill suited for advancing knowledge and bode badly for successful research. As a result, accounting academics present low research performance and the discipline is facing steady decline. More importantly, the discipline is handicapped in producing innovative knowledge able to contribute to critical research and long term social well-being.We also focus on the Spanish institutional situation, arguing that Spanish requirements for reaching tenured positions are difficult for accountants to meet.We highlight the need to raise awareness of the problem and change the procedures.En este estudio hacemos una revisión crítica de los procedimientos vigentes en la comunidad académica contable para la generación de conocimiento y su publicación. Exponemos que hay pocas revistas académicas para publicar la investigación contable, que éstas publican pocos artículos, aplican elevadas tasas de rechazo y el proceso de revisión es lento y costoso. Además, hay un predominio de una elite académica sin precedentes en otras disciplinas de empresa, lo cual se refleja en un mayor porcentaje de artículos pertenecientes

  8. Present status and future prospects of research reactors in the Soviet Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research reactors which are currently in use in the USSR are employed in a wide range of research in various scientific fields, as well as for certain applied tasks. Most of these reactors are pool-type reactors. Since it is significantly cheaper to upgrade research reactors rather than to build new ones, the vast majority of them have been upgraded and their experimental capabilities significantly expanded. In the USSR the future of research reactors lies in the continued modernization of currently operating research reactors and the building of new powerful research reactors for which designs are being developed. Some are already under construction (for example, the PIK reactor). These designs are developing Soviet research reactor concepts which centre around pressure-vessel-type reactors and channel-type reactors in tanks. Other technical ideas are also being used. Research reactor safety meets current requirements on the whole; however, their long operating life, their proximity to heavily populated areas, and several other features of research reactors make safety a higher priority. A series of organizational and technical measures are being undertaken to improve research reactor safety

  9. Dynamical downscaling of present climate extremal episodes for the BINGO research site of Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zittis, George; Hadjinicolaou, Panos; Bruggeman, Adriana; Camera, Corrado; Lelieveld, Jos

    2016-04-01

    Besides global warming, climate change is expected to cause alterations in precipitation amounts and distribution than can be linked to extreme events such as floods or prolonged droughts. This will have a significant impact in strategic societal sectors that base their activities on water resources. While the global climate projections inform us about the long-term and weather forecasts can give useful information only for a few days or weeks, decision-makers and end-users also need guidance on inter-annual to decadal time scales. In this context, the BINGO (Bringing INnovation to onGOing water management - a better future under climate change) H2020 project aims both at reducing the uncertainty of near-term climate predictions and developing response strategies in order to better manage the remaining uncertainty. One of the project's main objectives is to develop improved decadal predictions, in adequate spatiotemporal scales, with a specific focus on extreme precipitation events. The projected rainfall will be eventually used to drive hydrological impact models. BINGO focuses on research sites that encompass river basins, watersheds and urban areas of six European countries including Norway, Cyprus, Germany, Portugal, The Netherlands and Spain. In this study we present the dynamical downscaling of the ERA-Interim dataset for validation purposes and for the research site of Cyprus. Five extreme rainfall periods were identified from the observed precipitation archives and were simulated in very high horizontal resolutions (4~1 km) using the WRF limited area atmospheric model. To optimize the performance of the model we have tested a combination of three cumulus and five microphysics parameterization schemes that resulted in 15 simulations for each extreme precipitation event. The model output was compared with daily or hourly (where available) representative rain gauge data. A set of statistical metrics was applied in order to objectively select the best

  10. May 2003 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R; Salari, K; Ortega, J; Browand, F; Hammache, M; Hsu, T Y; Arcas, D; Leoard, A; Chatelain, P; Rubel, M; Roy, C; DeChant, L; Hassan, B; Ross, J; Satran, D; Walker, S; Heineck, J T; Englar, R; Pointer, D; Sofu, T

    2003-05-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on May 29-30, 2003. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss suggested guidance and direction for the design of drag reduction devices determined from experimental and computational studies. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE)/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center (NASA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Clarkson University, and PACCAR participated in the meeting. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, provides some highlighted items, and outlines the future action items.

  11. Product-services as a research field: past, present and future. Reflections from a decade of research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukker, A.; Tischner, U.

    2006-01-01

    In the last decade many researchers, institutes and programs in the EU paid attention to product-service systems (PSS). Given this massive effort, it is time to take stock. Is PSS research a theoretical field in its own right? Is the PSS concept indeed the road to the Factor 10 world? Is it the road

  12. Studies in Teaching. 1995 Research Digest. Papers Presented at the Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, December 1995).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

    This is a collection of papers reporting student research projects at the Annual Research Forum, Department of Education, Wake Forest University (North Carolina). They include: "Student Interest in Studying World History in Relation to Current Events" (Conan Arthur); "Perceptions of High School Student Athletes and Athletics" (Edward Barrett);…

  13. Past, Present and Future of Respiratory Research: A Survey of Canadian Health Care Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mika Laura Nonoyama

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Canadian Respiratory Health Professionals (CRHP is the multidisciplinary health care professional group of the Canadian Lung Association. Although the CRHP has a growing number of highly qualified researchers, the landscape of their research in Canada has not been described.

  14. Children's Rights, Educational Research and the UNCRC: Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillett-Swan, Jenna, Ed.; Coppock, Vicki, ED.

    2016-01-01

    "Children's Rights, Educational Research, and the UNCRC" provides international perspectives on contemporary issues pertaining to children's rights in education. The global context, relevance and implications of children's rights, educational research and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) are explored from…

  15. Sensitive Subjects: Research Choices and Presentational Challenges in Studying Immigrant Children and Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capps, Randy; Fix, Michael

    2013-01-01

    We write from our own experience as researchers on the integration of immigrants and their children, describing several ethical and research considerations that we addressed. In one study we examined the use of public benefits among immigrant families. This study posed issues regarding the selection of which "benefits" should be…

  16. Research and Study about Liver Diseases in Iran: Past, Present and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In each country, development and progress can only be achieved through long-term planning and moving purposefully in the planned direction. In order to make Iran the first scientific power in the region, there should be a comprehensive collaboration and alliance among thinkers and decision makers since research and study are believed to be the main parts of knowledge creation and propagation. Fortunately, after the revolution, knowledge growth has been accelerated for many reason, especially due to independence from other powers. Doubtlessly, researchers have contributed largely to this great achievement and have brought much glory for our country. Preventing, controlling and treating important diseases can only be done through research and investigation since medicine is one of the few sciences that is in such close relationship with research that nothing can be stated without prior studies (1, 2. A perspective of researchers' activities in different fields of medicine can act as a guide for other related groups. Liver diseases, as a mutual entity between gastroenterologists and infectionists, include viral hepatitis, chronic liver diseases, metabolic diseases (NASH, liver malignancies and diseases of the liver immune system (3-9. A glance at the above-mentioned shows that viral hepatitis has been the subject of most researches between 2000 and 2007. Fortunately, paying more attention to such infections plays an important role in preventing and controlling this group of contagious diseases in our society (10. The least importance in such studies, however, has been given to liver cancers although they are financially very burdensome for the country in terms of incidence and control and are also accompanied by many drug adverse effects. Research centers, as parts of regional research and study institutions, are the body of organisation and execution of required research projects in the country (8, 9.As collaboration and partnership can result in

  17. Present condition of survey research on actualization strategy of fast breeding reactor (FBR) cycling. General outlines on the research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) started the survey research on actualization strategy of FBR cycling under cooperation of related organizations such as electric business company and so on, on July, 1999. The research aims at preparation of technical system to establish the FBR cycling for a future main energy supply source by extracting an actualization picture maximum activated advantages originally haven by the FBR cycling and by proposing a developmental strategy flexibly responsible to diverse needs in future society. Here was reported on effort state of its phase 1 (two years between 1999 and 2000 fiscal years). In the phase 1, it was planned to perform research and development shown as follows: 1) Extraction of actualization candidate concept on the FBR cycling under a premise of safety security and a viewpoint of evaluation on economics, resource effective usage, environmental loading reduction, and nuclear dispersion resistance by conducting investigation and evaluation of wide technical choices adopting innovative techniques, and 2) Embodiment of a research and development program of phase 2 (from 2001 to 2005 fiscal years) by investigating some technical subjects important for selection of research and development program aiming at actualization and its candidate concept on the FBR cycling. (G.K.)

  18. "Medical informatics in a medical research facility. An interactive multimedia presentation". Diabetes as a model.

    OpenAIRE

    Vinik, E.; Sirman, D.; Georges, L. P.; Phillips, J.

    1991-01-01

    This interactive demonstration provides a model for integrating information in a medical facility. By the use of networking computers, diagnostic data and scientific data are shared between geographically-separated clinical and research units. Data collected in a patient database in the outpatient clinic is sorted on specified qualifying criteria and the resulting subset further analyzed for research studies. To show the process of patient selection from a general database to a diabetes datab...

  19. Present and future activities of the water chemistry research committees in JAES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research committee on water chemistry was established in 1982 in Japan Atomic Energy Society (JAES) and has continued its activities. Many internal and international activities of the water chemistry groups have been based on the Committee. The activity so far and the future prospect are described. As internal activities within the JAES, research committees and the resulting reports are enumerated. International activities, including supporting of the JAIF (Japan Atomic Industrial Forum) Conferences on Water Chemistry, are also mentioned. (Yamamoto, A.)

  20. Present status of research activities relating global warming problems in Japan (mainly MITI and relating organizations)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokoyama, O.

    1993-12-31

    Japanese government has issued action program so called {open_quotes}Action Program to Arrest Global Warming{close_quotes} for preventing global warming at Oct., 1990. According to the program, CO{sub 2} emission should be stabilized on a per capita basis in the year 2000 and beyond at about same level as in 2000 by introducing several methods such as energy conservation, improvement of energy using efficiency, expanding use of renewable energy and so on. The basic concept, target and methods are summarized. At the same time, MITI published so called {open_quotes}New Earth 21{close_quotes} project which aims remedying the earth environment modified by human activities since industrial innovation began at about 200 years ago in coming 100 years. This plan proposed yearly step of research development of technology for mitigating CO{sub 2} emission. According to the MITI`s plan, 15 institutions belonging to AIST have carrying research for developing technology of reducing emission of CO{sub 2} and other greenhouse gases, with cooperation of other research organizations such as RITE (research Institute of Innovative Technology for Earth) and NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Developing Organization). Time schedule of the research development by The New Earth 21 project is summarized in Table 2. Now, in Japan, many national institutions and universities, research works relating reduction and mitigation of GHG are carried out according to this guideline.

  1. The present situations and perspectives on utilization of research reactors in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chongkum, Somporn

    2002-01-01

    The Thai Research Reactor 1/Modification 1, a TRIGA Mark III reactor, went critical on November 7, 1977. It has been playing a central role in the development of both Office of Atomic Energy for Peace (OAEP) and nuclear application in Thailand. It has a maximum power of 2 MW (thermal) at steady state and a pulsing capacity of 2000 MW. The highest thermal neutron flux at a central thimber is 1×10 13 n/cm 2/s, which is extensively utilized for radioisotope production, neutron activation analysis and neutron beam experiments, i.e. neutron scattering, prompt gamma analysis and neutron radiography. Following the nuclear technological development, the OAEP is in the process of establishing the Ongkharak Nuclear Research Center (ONRC). The center is being built in Nakhon Nayok province, 60 km northeast of Bangkok. The centerpiece of the ONRC is a multipurpose 10 MW TRIGA research reactor. Facilities are included for the production of radioisotopes for medicine, industry and agriculture, neutron transmutation doping of silicon, and neutron capture therapy. The neutron beam facilities will also be utilized for applied research and technology development as well as training in reactor operations, performance of experiments and reactor physics. This paper describes a recent program of utilization as well as a new research reactor for enlarging the perspectives of its utilization in the future.

  2. Present Status and Future Potential for Commercial Application of JAEA Research Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Corresponding to four fields of research reactor utilization, Japan Atomic Energy Research Agency has developed for different types of research reactors, JRR-3, JRR-4, NSRR and JMTR. Especially for JMTR, refurbishment works are now proceeding aiming at the reoperation from 2011 F.Y. after check and review discussion within JAEA and also government. The reoperation was determined by strong JMTR utilization requests from users. Therefore, many kinds of user oriented measures were discussed and carried out to satisfy the user’s requests. As a result, expected utilization after reoperation will increase greatly compared with before reoperation. As a good experience to enhance commercial applications, successful examples of JMTR are introduced. (author)

  3. Inattentional blindness: present knowledge, recent research and implications for the nuclear industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budau, J. [Bruce Power, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    Inattentional blindness can occur when our attention has been assigned to a primary task and not enough attentional resources are left to detect what can be a very important unexpected event. This unexpected event is often something that would be detected under normal conditions. Recent research has shown that perceptual load, and qualities of the unexpected stimulus can impact the occurrence of inattentional blindness. As the nuclear industry has situations of high perceptual load, consideration should be given to the implications of this research. (author)

  4. Inattentional blindness: present knowledge, recent research and implications for the nuclear industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budau, J. [Bruce Power, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada)

    2011-09-15

    Inattentional blindness can occur when our attention has been assigned to a primary task and not enough attentional resources are left to detect what can be a very important unexpected event. This unexpected event is often something that would be detected under normal conditions. Recent research has shown that perceptual load, and qualities of the unexpected stimulus can impact the occurrence of inattentional blindness. As the nuclear industry has situations of high perceptual load, consideration should be given to the implications of this research. (author)

  5. Present Research on the Flipped Classroom and Potential Tools for the EFL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehring, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    The flipped classroom can support the implementation of a communicative, student-centered learning environment in the English as a foreign language classroom. Unfortunately, there is little research which supports the incorporation of flipped learning in the English as a foreign language classroom. Numerous studies have focused on flipped learning…

  6. The "Double Bind" of Re-presentation in Qualitative Research Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smithmier, Angela

    A current movement in qualitative research is a preoccupation with representation of the "other" (Denzin and Lincoln 1994). Feminists, critical theorists and postmodernists have questioned the dominant, legitimized social order and remained sensitive to the multiple issues related to and emanating from power. This paper briefly reviews the…

  7. Insect symbioses: a case study of past, present, and future fungus-growing ant research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caldera, Eric J; Poulsen, Michael; Suen, Garret;

    2009-01-01

    Fungus-growing ants (Attini: Formicidae) engage in an obligate mutualism with fungi they cultivate for food. Although biologists have been fascinated with fungus-growing ants since the resurgence of natural history in the modern era, the early stages of research focused mainly on the foraging beh...

  8. Beyond Form-Focused Instruction: Reflections on Past, Present and Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spada, Nina

    2011-01-01

    In 1997 I published a paper in Language Teaching entitled "Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research". The paper reviewed the results of studies investigating the effects of form-focused instruction (FFI) on second language (L2) learning. It was organized around seven questions,…

  9. Past, Present, and Future of Critical Quantitative Research in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Ryan S.; Stage, Frances K.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter discusses the evolution of the critical quantitative paradigm with an emphasis on extending this approach to new populations and new methods. Along with this extension of critical quantitative work, however, come continued challenges and tensions for researchers. This chapter recaps and responds to each chapter in the volume, and…

  10. Present status of plasma-wall interactions research and materials development activities in the US

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirooka, Y.; Conn, R.W.

    1989-08-01

    It is well known in the fusion engineering community that the plasma confinement performance in magnetic fusion devices is strongly affected by edge-plasma interactions with surface components. These plasma-material interactions (PMI) include fuel particle recycling and impurity generation both during normal and off-normal operation. To understand and then to control PMI effects, considerable effort has been made, particularly over the last decade in US, supported by Department of Energy, Division of Development and Technology. Also, because plasma-facing components are generally expected to receive significant amount of heat due to plasma bombardment and run-away electrons, materials must tolerate high-heat fluxes (HHF). The HHF-component research has been conducted in parallel with PMI research. One strong motivation for these research activities is that DT-burning experiments are currently planned in the Tokamak Test Fusion Reactor (TFTR) in early 1990s. Several different but mutually complementary approaches have been taken in the PMI+HHF research. The first approach is to conduct PMI experiments using toroidal fusion devices such as TFTR. The second one is to simulate elemental processes involved in PMI using ion beams and electron beams, etc. The last one but not least is to use non-tokamak plasma facilities. Along with these laboratory activities, new materials have been developed and evaluated from the PMI+HHF point of view. In this paper, several major PMI+HHF research facilities in US and their activities are briefly reviewed. 21 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Status of health and environmental research relative to direct coal liquefaction: 1976 to the present

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, R.H.; Cowser, K.E. (eds.)

    1982-06-01

    This document describes the status of health and environmental research efforts, supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE), to assist in the development of environmentally acceptable coal liquefaction processes. Four major direct coal liquefaction processes are currently in (or have been investigated at) the pilot plant stage of development. Two solvent refined coal processes (SRC-I and -II), H-coal (a catalytic liquefaction process) and Exxon donor solvent (EDS). The Pacific Northwest Laboratory was assigned responsibility for evaluating SRC process materials and prepared comprehensive health and environmental effects research program plans for SRC-I and -II. A similar program plan was prepared for H-coal process materials by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A program has been developed for EDS process materials by Exxon Research and Engineering Co. The program includes short-term screening of coal-derived materials for potential health and ecological effects. Longer-term assays are used to evaluate materials considered most representative of potential commercial practice and with greatest potential for human exposure or release to the environment. Effects of process modification, control technologies and changing operational conditions on potential health and ecological effects are also being evaluated. These assessments are being conducted to assist in formulating cost-effective environmental research programs and to estimate health and environmental risks associated with a large-scale coal liquefaction industry. Significant results of DOE's health and environmental research efforts relative to coal liquefaction include the following: chemical characterization, health effects, ecological fate and effects, amelioration and risk assessment.

  12. Present status of contamination monitoring at the Dalat Nuclear Research Institute (DNRI)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoang Van Nguyen [Dalat Nuclear Research Inst. (Viet Nam)

    1997-06-01

    The Dalat nuclear research reactor was renovated and upgraded from the previous TRIGA reactor. In Vietnam, it is a unique nuclear device having suitable neutron flux for the radioisotope production and neutron activation analysis. Soon after the reactor reached its initial criticality in November 1983, a programme has been formed to develop the application of nuclear techniques in various fields. In addition, the use of radioisotopes for diagnostic, therapeutic and other research purposes has been in progress. In order to support these activities, the radiation protection, especially the radiation contamination monitoring has been properly paid attention to. In DNRI, the Radiation Protection Department is responsible for controlling and supervising radiation and working safety for all activities. In this paper, the following items are described on radiation contamination monitoring: controlled area, surface contamination monitoring, and airborne concentration monitoring. (G.K.)

  13. Costs and Benefits of Stem Cell Research and Treatment: Media Presentation and Audience Understanding in Hungary

    OpenAIRE

    Vicsek, Lilla

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the press coverage and audience understanding of the costs and benefits of stem cell research/treatment in Hungary. A content analysis of five newspapers and a focus group study was conducted. The way participants talked about the costs and benefits in many aspects echoed the dominant framing of the issue in the press (medical benefits = main benefit, high expense of treatment = dominant negative aspect). Even though participants applied analogical reasoning to formulate s...

  14. Present challenges and some critical issues for research in industrial/organisational psychology in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    S. Rothmann; FVN Cilliers

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine a set of problems and critical issues that researchers in Industrial and Organisational Psychology deem to be important areas for immediate and future enquiry. The changing identity of this field of application is investigated, more relevant paradigms in the study of organisational health and wellness is explored and methods, techniques and interventions suitable to the South African context are suggested. Conclusions are formulated to increase the...

  15. Present Research and Standardization Activities on Small Space Debris at Space Environment Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitazawa, Yukihito; Hanada, Toshiya; Matsumoto, Haruhisa; Akahoshi, Yasuhiro; Higashide, Masumi; Okudaira, Osamu; Kamiya, Koki; Nitta, Kumi

    2016-07-01

    The micro-debris of the size from 100 μm to several mm is expected to cause a spacecraft critical failures and troubles. However, the collision probability of the micro-debris and its effect on space equipment are hardly predicted due to lack knowledge regarding the debris distribution and experimental/numerical investigation on material and components. This paper introduce research and standardization activities related on micro-debris for space environmental prevention

  16. Enrollment Projections for Presentation & Discussion: 2010-11 Pupil Population Estimating Conference. Research Brief. Volume 0901

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blazer, Christie; Froman, Terry; Romanik, Dale

    2009-01-01

    The 2010-11 projected enrollment offered by Research Services represents a small increase in student enrollment. The District's student enrollment is projected to be 341,324 in 2010-11, an increase of 0.3 percent (1,077 students) from 2009-10. A slight increase in the District's 2009-10 student enrollment reversed a seven year decline. (Contains 3…

  17. Accounting Research: A Critical View Of The Present Situation And Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    ARGILÉS, JOSEP M.; Josep Garcia-Blandon

    2011-01-01

    In this study we critically review the internal procedures of the accounting community for generating and disseminating knowledge. We contend that academic journals on accounting research are scarce, publish few articles and apply high rejection rates, and the review process is lengthy and expensive. Additionally, an academic elite has unparalleled predominance in comparison to other business disciplines, reflected in an unusual share of published articles with authors affiliated to a small n...

  18. Planning and Response to the Detonation of an Improvised Nuclear Device: Past, Present, and Future Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bentz, A

    2008-07-31

    While the reality of an improvised nuclear device (IND) being detonated in an American city is unlikely, its destructive power is such that the scenario must be planned for. Upon reviewing the academic literature on the effects of and response to IND events, this report looks to actual responders from around the country. The results from the meetings of public officials in the cities show where gaps exist between theoretical knowledge and actual practice. In addition to the literature, the meetings reveal areas where future research needs to be conducted. This paper recommends that local response planners: meet to discuss the challenges of IND events; offer education to officials, the public, and responders on IND events; incorporate 'shelter-first' into response plans; provide information to the public and responders using the 3 Cs; and engage the private sector (including media) in response plans. In addition to these recommendations for the response planners, the paper provides research questions that once answered will improve response plans around the country. By following the recommendations, both groups, response planners and researchers, can help the country better prepare for and mitigate the effects of an IND detonation.

  19. Trends in international research presented through the Research Consortium of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (1965-2008).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinal, Bradley J; Powell, Felicity M; Lee, Miyoung

    2009-09-01

    The extent of international research on the Research Consortium's program between 1965 and 2008 was documented. A total of 9,132 abstracts were reviewed, and 657 (7.19%) had an international component. Inclusion of international research ranged from a low of 1.97% in 1983 to a high of 14.24% in 2007. There was a decrease in the amount of international research presented between 1965 and 1983, after which there was an increase through 2008. Most growth was from increased contributions coming from researchers in Southeast Asia. In terms of general research topics, eight areas increased over the 44-year history reviewed, and five areas decreased. Seven recommendations are advanced for expanding the place and role of international research within the Research Consortium.

  20. The past, present, and future of test and research reactor physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reactor physics calculations have been performed on research reactors since the first one was built 50 yr ago under the University of Chicago stadium. Since then, reactor physics calculations have evolved from Fermi-age theory calculations performed with slide rules to three-dimensional, continuous-energy, coupled neutron-photon Monte Carlo computations performed with supercomputers and workstations. Such enormous progress in reactor physics leads us to believe that the next 50 year will be just as exciting. This paper reviews this transition from the past to the future

  1. Workshop report and presentations from the Semiconductor Research Corporation-DOE Semiconductor Task Force Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Semiconductor Research Corporation-DOE Semiconductor Task Force Workshop was held in Oak ridge, Tennessee, on November 2-3, 1987. It was to provide a forum for representatives of the national laboratories, DOE, and the semiconductor industry in which to discuss capabilities of the national laboratories which could contribute to the future competitiveness of the US semiconductor industry, to identify specific large and small projects at the national laboratories which would be of direct benefit to the semiconductor industry, and to find ways of implementing these projects. Numerous small projects were identified which would utilize unique capabilities of the national laboratories in advanced ion implantation, plasma processing (including electron cyclotron resonance plasmas), ion and cluster beam deposition, materials characterization, electronic packaging, and laser processing and deposition. Five large-scale candidate projects were identified in synchrotron x-ray lithography, silicon process integration, advanced materials processing science, process analysis and diagnostics, and ultra clean room engineering. The major obstacle to implementing these projects if the lack of appropriate funds to initiate and stimulate interactions between the national laboratories and the semiconductor industry. SEMATECH and the federal government are potential sources of seed funds for these projects. The Semiconductor Research Corporation is ideally suited to interface the semiconductor industry and the national laboratories for many of these interactions.

  2. Present status of research activities in severe accident evaluation for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basis for securing nuclear safety is to prevent occurrence of accidents and to mitigate propagation of abnormal events or accidents to severe accidents. In practice, a nuclear power plant is designed and constructed so that abnormal events can be detected at the early phase to cope with the events and safety features and facilities are installed to mitigate and reduce the consequences in the case of such accidents. However it is important to prepare preventive measures as well as mitigative measures to cope with severe accidents to further improve the level of safety. Research on the evaluation of severe accidents is needed to develop such measures. Severe accident research is performed in many countries including Japan and a lot of findings have been made. At JAERI, experiments are being conducted to clarify severe accident phenomena and to make quantitative evaluation of safety margin of a nuclear power plant against severe accidents. A lot of findings on the fuel damage process in the early phase of severe accidents have been obtained in the past years. However there are still large uncertainties on the fuel damage process in the late phase of accidents. In the area of accident management, there exists need for experiments and analyses. (author)

  3. Flood Risk Management Policy in Scotland: Research Questions Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Mark; Hastings, Emily; MacDonald, Jannette

    2016-04-01

    Scotland's Centre of Expertise for Waters (CREW) delivers accessible research and expert opinion to support the Scottish Government and its delivery partners in the development and implementation of water policy. It was established in 2011 by the Scottish Government (Rural and Environmental Science and Analytical Services) in recognition of a gap in the provision of short term advice and research to policy (development and implementation). Key policy areas include the Water Framework Directive, Floods Directive, Drinking Water Directive, Habitats Directive and Scotland's Hydro Nation Strategy. CREW is unique in its demand-driven and free service for policy makers and practitioners, managing the engagement between scientists, policy makers and practitioners to work effectively across this interface. The users of CREW are the Scottish Government, Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Scottish Natural Heritage and Scottish Water. CREW has funded around 100 projects relating to water policy since its inception in 2011. Of these, a significant number relate to flood risk management policy. Based on a review of work to date, this poster will give an overview of these projects and a forward look at the challenges that remain. From learning from community led flood risk management to surface water flood forecasting for urban communities, links will be made between sustainable and traditional flood risk management while considering the perceptions of stakeholders to flood risk management. How can we deliver fully integrated flood risk management options? How policy makers, scientists and land managers can better work together will also be explored.

  4. The present status and future plan for safe operation of Malaysian research reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adnan Bokhari; Mohammad Suhaimi Kassim; Mohamad Idris Taib [Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT), Bangi, Kajang (Malaysia)

    2000-10-01

    The commissioning of MINT TRIGA reactor in 1982 was initially the main justification for the establishment on a nuclear research centre in Malaysia. Since then the reactor has been in continuous and successful operation for supporting activities relating the non-power application of radiation technologies. It has been used mainly for neutron activation analysis, isotope production, neutron radiography, small angle neutron scattering, research purposes and education. In 1993, a project was initiated to upgrade the thermal power to 2 MW. However in the middle of 1997, due to conflict of priorities and shortage of manpower, MINT has decided to change the scope of the project to safety upgrading of the reactor. Throughout the years, several measures have been taken for improving the reactor safety and availability. Currently works are in progress to refurbish the reactor hall ventilation system and to upgrade the water purification system. Plans to update the Safety Analysis Report to incorporate new systems improvements and modifications have been initiated. A PC-based data acquisition system is being developed to display some important reactor parameters on a monitor that serves as operator-support. (author)

  5. Joint research centre fusion materials irradiations in HFR: present status and prospectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    First a review is made of the Joint Research Centre experimental activity at HFR-Petten in the frame of the Fusion Technology and Safety Programme. The materials under investigation are: . Cr-Ni Austenitic steels (316-L type) and Cr-Mn Austenitic Steels (AMCR and FI type) as structural materials and . Pb-17Li eutectic as tritium breeding material. The experiments on structural materials comprise: . Sample irradiations with post-irradiation tensile tests (FRUST) . Sample irradiations under constant load and post-irradiation strain measurement (TRIESTE) . On-line creep tests (CRISP). The experiments on Pb-17Li breeder material regard sample irradiations to investigate tritium production and recovery as well as tritium permeation through blanket structures (LIBRETTO Experiment). Both irradiations on structural and breeding materials will be pursued. Expected developments of the testing programme at HFR are discussed. New areas of research should involve materials for divertor applications (NET/ITER) and advanced low activation composite materials for Commercial Power Reactors

  6. Researchers at Work: Assessing Needs for Content and Presentation of Archival Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allison-Bunnell, Jodi; Yakel, Elizabeth; Hauck, Janet

    2011-01-01

    In the past, systems that present digitized archival materials were often created with limited knowledge of their audiences' needs and greater focus on the materials. Organizations must ask whether digital delivery systems are sufficiently effective to merit financial support. As part of the planning process for a digital delivery system at the…

  7. YouTube researcher presents future of technology in education at Virginia Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Caldwell, T. Lynn

    2008-01-01

    More than 200 graduate students, faculty, and staff gathered in Virginia Tech's Graduate Life Center on Thursday, Sept. 11, to hear Michael Wesch present on the future of technology in education and his use of YouTube in the classroom.

  8. Confusing Claims for Data: A Critique of Common Practices for Presenting Qualitative Research on Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, David; Berland, Leema K.

    2014-01-01

    We question widely accepted practices of publishing articles that present quantified analyses of qualitative data. First, articles are often published that provide only very brief excerpts of the qualitative data themselves to illustrate the coding scheme, tacitly or explicitly treating the coding results as data. Second, articles are often…

  9. The eel immune system: present knowledge and the need for research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Michael Engelbrecht; Esteve-Gassent, M. D.

    2006-01-01

    The European eel, Anguilla anguilla, is one of the most important warm water fish species cultured in southern Europe and the Mediterranean as well as in northern countries including Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark. The Japanese eel, A. japonica, is an important cultured fish in several...... immune responses. This review summarizes the present knowledge relating to the eel immune system and includes new data....

  10. 34 CFR 97.407 - Research not otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Research not otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or alleviate a serious problem affecting the health or welfare of children... otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or alleviate a serious...

  11. 45 CFR 46.207 - Research not otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an opportunity to understand, prevent, or alleviate a serious problem affecting the health or welfare... which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or alleviate a serious problem affecting the... that the research presents a reasonable opportunity to further the understanding, prevention,...

  12. Research in Social Work: the future in the present. Reflections on the portuguese knowledge building process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Marta

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The debate surrounding the construction of scientific knowledge within social work is discussed. The social work class seeks new foundations that allow within the context of structural change, the strengthening of professional identity and challenge of the vestiges of intellectual segregation that historical constraints have left. This paper seeks to outline a research strategy for reconciliation and coordination of intellectual and professional work in order to give visibility to new and different domains of interpretation and action, while claiming that considering pluri-perspectives potentiates the knowledge transformation process. Underlining this confluence of complex thinking elements, this article incorporates the space-time dimension and discusses and recognizes the unavoidable circularity as a way to interrogate knowledge that is compartmentalized and fragmented, placing an emphasis both on knowledge and on the interrelationship between knowing, doing, being and relating. In addition, examines the recognition of the nature of those relationships among various disciplines and perspectives.

  13. Presentations of scientific research results as a strategy to increase the interest of students in physiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Dalla Colletta Altermann

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the search for strategies to arouse the interest of undergraduate students in science, it was proposed the project "Colloquiums in Physiology" in order to disseminate and discuss scientific discoveries and improve the students’ interest in Physiology. This work aimed to verify the perception of participants about the impact of this activity. The activity included lectures throughout the semester and at the end of each lecture, a questionnaire was applied to listeners. Among the 171 students who answered the questionnaire, 81% (n=139 considers that this proposal increased their interest in physiology, 96% (n=164 believes that it is an important activity and achieved its goal of promote science disclosure, and 83% (n=142 stated that the project promotes interaction between research, teaching and outreach activities. Thus, it highlights the importance of this type of event for the academic formation.

  14. Present status and forecast of research for added value of terrestrial biomass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimura, Hiroyuki

    1986-12-01

    Research for the production of resource energy through the cultivation of plants which will have good photosynthetic capability and grow naturally even on dry land is important. Basic requirements for terrestrial biomass are quick growth with efficient solar energy utilization, possession of energywise valuable components, inclusion of much economically useful components, and being nontoxic. From the viewpoint of efficient utilization of resources, eucalyptus was studied for addition of values using microbes (aspergillus niger). Eucalyptus essential oil was found, through the study, to possess a high evading effect towards mosquitos. Further, one having a long lasting effect with no offensive smell was found. Because eucalyptus requires a long time before it can be transplanted, clonal proliferation method was employed to shorten the seedling period. It was learned that lemon eucalyptus could be increased 3 times by a series of culture(45 days). (18 refs, 7 figs, 3 tabs)

  15. The present status of iodine chemistry research in Canada and its application to reactor safety analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weaver, K.R. [Ontario Hydro Nuclear, Toronto (Canada); Kupferschmid, W.C.H.; Wren, J.C.; Ball, J.M. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Pinawa, MB (Canada). Whiteshell Labs.

    1996-12-01

    The current need to understand iodine chemistry in a reactor safety context has become more sharply focussed as the level of that understanding has advanced. At the same time, the situations of most concern within containment, from an iodine perspective, are also being redefined in the light of that understanding. The present paper summarises these developments. Over the past five years, considerable advances have occurred in our understanding of iodine chemistry under conditions of interest in reactor accidents. A number of key experiments have yielded important results in the areas of solution chemistry, the role of surfaces, the importance of organics and the effects of impurities. This understanding supplements the already substantial gains made in characterising the key roles of pH and the effects of radiation. All these factors underline the now evident fact that the kinetics of iodine are the controlling factor when radiation is involved, and that a number of reactive species, not present in thermal reactions, effectively control the observed volatility of iodine. In this paper, recent advances are summarised and the present status of our understanding of iodine chemistry is reviewed. Specifically, an attempt is made to identify those areas where our understanding appears to be relatively complete, and to flag the remaining critical areas where our attention is currently focussed. The state of our modelling capability is reviewed, as is the significance or related areas such as the role of mass transfer. Finally, an overview is presented of the significance of this work for reactor safety, and our expectations for its application over the near term future. (author) 2 figs., 12 refs.

  16. Research on characteristics of Chinese language in the presentation of “Face”

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Lifang

    2016-01-01

    with the development of society, interpersonal relation has become more and more complicated. “Face” has been defined as “public self-image” and occupies a very important position in interpersonal communication. Therefore, this thesis mainly studies the characteristics of Chinese language in the presentation of “face”. At first, it referred to current situation of face studies overseas. It can be seen that the “defense-protect” face work theory proposed by Goffman is the important foundation ...

  17. Interview of Edward C. Stone, Caltech and NASA Voyager project scientist on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Visual Media Office

    2012-01-01

    Interview of Edward C. Stone, Caltech and NASA Voyager project scientist on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery. He describes the Voyager mission since launch in 1977 to current position at the frontier of the solar system.

  18. NACA Conference on Turbojet-Engine Thrust Augmentation Research: A Compilation of the Papers Presented by NACA Staff Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    1948-01-01

    The conference on Turbojet-Engine Thrust-Augmentation Research was organized by the NACA to present in summarized form the results of the latest experimental and analytical investigations conducted at the Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory on methods of augmenting the thrust of turbojet engines. The technical discussions are reproduced herewith in the same form in which they were presented. The original presentation in this record are considered as complementary to, rather than substitutes for, the committee's system of complete and formal reports.

  19. Present state and future challenges in pediatric abdominal pain therapeutics research: Looking beyond the forest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Craig; A; Friesen; Jennifer; V; Schurman; Susan; M; Abdel-Rahman

    2015-01-01

    At the present time, it is nearly impossible to treat pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders associated with pain in an evidence based fashion. This is due to the overall lack of controlled studies and, even more importantly, the complexity of the contributors to disease phenotype which are not controlled or accounted for in most therapeutic trials. In this manuscript, we review the challenges of defining entry criteria, controlling for the large number of biopsychosocial factors which may effect outcomes, and understanding pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors when designing therapeutic trials for abdominal pain in children. We also review the current state of pediatric abdominal pain therapeutics and discuss trial design considerations as we move forward.

  20. Present status of research on Re-186 radiopharmaceuticals at Radioisotope Production Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mutalib, A. [Radioisotope Production Center, National Atomic Energy Agency Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Serpong (Indonesia)

    1998-10-01

    Rhenium shows a close chemical similarity to technetium and is suitable for radiotherapy because the {beta}-emitting radionuclides {sup 186}Re (t{sub 1/2} 90 h, E{sub {beta}} = 1.1 MeV, E{sub {gamma}} = 137 keV) and {sup 188}Re (t{sub 1/2} = 17 h, E{sub {beta}} = 2.1 MeV). The {gamma}-emission associated with decay of {sup 186}Re is also useful in scintigraphy. The research on {sup 186}Re radiopharmaceuticals at Radioisotope Production Center has been carried out since April 1997. Interest in radioimmunotherapy (RIT) led us to the development of labeling antibodies with rhenium isotopes. Although there are several methods for coupling radiometal to antibody, we prefer an indirect labeling method in which a bifunctional chelating agent is used for coupling of {sup 186}Re to monoclonal antibodies. In this report we outline the study on the preparation of {sup 186}Re DMSA-TFP as precursor for labeling with monoclonal antibody. (author)

  1. Salt Tolerance Research in Date Palm Tree (Phoenix dactylifera L., Past, Present and Future Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud W Yaish

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The date palm can adapt to extreme drought, to heat, and to relatively high levels of soil salinity. However, excessive amounts of salt due to irrigation with brackish water lead to a significant reduction in the productivity of the fruits as well as marked decrease in the viable numbers of the date palm trees. It is imperative that the nature of the existing salt adaptation mechanism be understood in order to develop future date palm varieties that can tolerate excessive soil salinity. In this perspective article, several research strategies, obstacles, and precautions are discussed in light of recent advancements accomplished in this field and the properties of this species. In addition to a physiological characterization, we propose the use of a full range of OMICS technologies, coupled with reverse genetics approaches, aimed towards understanding the salt-adaption mechanism in the date palm. Information generated by these analyses should highlight transcriptional and posttranscriptional modifications controlling the salt-adaptation mechanisms. As an extremophile with a natural tolerance for a wide range of abiotic stresses, the date palm may represent a treasure trove of novel genetic resources for salinity tolerance.

  2. Research on present crustal deformation in the southern Tianshan (Jiashi) region by GPS geodesy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The pattern and range of present crustal movement as well as characteristic of deformation-strain play a key role in cognizing seismogenic mechanism in the Jiashi region, Xinjiang, northwestern China. Using GPS geodesy in 1994 and 1998, here we give geodetic evidence of rapid convergence of about 19 mm/a across the western Tianshan, which is about 50% greater than the seismic moment solution (13 mm/a) by assembling major earthquake in the 20th century. The discrepancy of deformation rate between geodetic observation and seismic energy releasing indicates the possibilities that, there exists a lot of aseismic strain and strain during seismic interval in the western Tianshan, or seismic fault slip in this century could not be enough to compensate the present deformation in the whole area. Whichever it maybe, from the view of accumulation of stress-strain, it suggests that there will be potential strong earthquakes in the western segment of Tianshan and the northeastern corner of Pamir in a long period.

  3. Cloning and stem cell research: a critical overview of the present legislative regime in Australia and the way forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slabbert, Melodie

    2003-05-01

    The application of stem cell research in biomedical science has recently sparked debates similar to the calls nearly 25 years ago for a ban involving recombinant DNA. This article critically examines the present legislative framework in Australia governing stem cell research and cloning, after briefly seeking a clear understanding of what these procedures involve, as well as suggesting an ethical paradigm within which these issues can be approached. The deficiencies in the proposed legislative framework are also highlighted. Australia has a duty to future generations to pursue the benefits unlocked by this type of research and it is hoped that the next two years will lead to more insights regarding the potential of such research and hence a revision of the present legal impediments.

  4. A history of the use of isotopic tracer technology in ruminant nutrition: Lessons for present research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Isotopically labelled materials may be used to delineate metabolic pathways, but their major role in animal nutrition has been to provide quantitative data on the availability, utilization and turnover of nutrients in the whole animal and in defined tissues. the development of isotopic dilution procedures in the 1950s and 1960s made it possible to measure the inflows into body pools of the major energy yielding nutrients and amino acids. When 14C labelled substrates are used, rates of release of 14CO2 provide data on oxidative metabolism. The dynamics of nitrogen metabolism in the rumen have been defined in similar studies using 15N-ammonium sulphate, 15N-urea and 14C-urea. Studies in which isotope dilution procedures are combined with classical arteriovenous difference studies have provided comprehensive data on the uptake, oxidation and release of substrates in tissues which include the mammary gland, liver, hind limb skeletal muscle and brain. The same procedures have been used to measure protein turnover in the whole animal and in defined tissues. The application of new technology to the continuous measurement of both blood flow and blood oxygen content has made it possible to combine isotope dilution studies with the simultaneous measurement of energy expenditure in the whole animal and in defined tissues. The use of isotope dilution has yielded data which have led to improved efficiency of ruminant production, and identified areas which require more research effort, as indicated in the review. In particular, the use of isotopes has emphasized that nutrition today must be concerned more with matching nutrient availability to tissue requirements than with the metabolizable energy and crude protein content of feedstuffs, if the efficiency of livestock production is to be maximized. 78 refs

  5. Decommissioning of the research nuclear reactor WWR-S Magurele - Bucharest. General presentation of the project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A decommissioning project was worked out concerning the nuclear facility research reactor WWR-S Magurele-Bucharest to remove the radioactive and hazardous materials and so to exclude any risk for human health and environment. The project involves the four phases named assessment, development, operations and closeout. There are two major parts to the assesment phase: preliminary characterisation and the review and decision-making process. Characterisation is needed to develop project baseline data, which should include sufficient chemical, physical, and radiological characterisation to meet planning needs. Based on the conclusions of these studies, possible decommissioning alternative will be analyzed and: the best alternative chosen, final goal identified, risk assessments are evaluated. Also, taken into account are: regulations supporting assessment, land use considerations, financial concerns, disposal availability, public involvement, technology developments. After a decommissioning alternative was chosen, detailed engineering will begin following appropriate regulatory guidance. The plan will include characterisation information, namely: review of decommissioning alternatives; justification for the selected alternative; provision for regulatory compliance; predictions of personnel exposure, radioactive waste volume, and cost. Other activities are: scheduling, preparation for decommissioning operations; coordination, documentation, characterization report, feasibility studies, Decommissioning Plan, project daily report, radiological survey, airborne sampling records, termination survey of the site. The operations imply: identification and sequencing the operations on contaminated materials, storing on site the wastes, awaiting processing or disposal, and packaging of materials for transport to processing or disposal facilities.The key operations are: worker protection, health and safety program, review of planing work, work area assessment, work area controls

  6. Research on characteristics of Chinese language in the presentation of “Face”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Lifang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available with the development of society, interpersonal relation has become more and more complicated. “Face” has been defined as “public self-image” and occupies a very important position in interpersonal communication. Therefore, this thesis mainly studies the characteristics of Chinese language in the presentation of “face”. At first, it referred to current situation of face studies overseas. It can be seen that the “defense-protect” face work theory proposed by Goffman is the important foundation for face problem studies under different angles in academic world. Then, it discussed identity theory based on social psychology in combination of our traditional culture. At last, it selected 85 groups of effective linguistic data according to characteristics of Chinese language; and studied face work. Moreover, it conducted questionnaire survey in combination of face work theory. Thus, it obtained the core factors of face and other important conclusions.

  7. Presentations of the CONRAD Research Symposium : oil sands water usage workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This symposium provided a forum to exchange ideas regarding water use by the oil sands industry in Canada. The topics of discussion addressed timely issues such as corrosion control in pipelines, cumulative discharge modelling in the oil sands area, waste management schemes, the effects of potential limits on water withdrawal for thermal recovery operations and plant operations, the feasibility of geological sequestration of salts, and the impact of process-affected water on bitumen recovery. Other topics of discussion included tailings ponds management, deoxygenation of water, nanofiltration for water management, water quality for wetlands, water reuse, and water supply security. The conference featured 25 presentations, of which 17 have been indexed separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs

  8. Open questions in the present heliospheric research and challenges for upcoming space mission like IMAP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahr, H. J.

    2015-12-01

    Since the appearance of the first IBEX ENA fullsky maps in 2009 up to the present time it remained an open question what ENA sources are reponsible for the famous "IBEX-ribbon" feature. Both innerheliospheric and outerheliospheric ENA sources still today compete as reponsible candidates for that feature. Whether the ribbon-producing ENA`s are due to charge exchange processes inside or outside the heliopause is an outstanding question up to the present days. The answer, as I will show, will surely come with an extended energy range of the ENA detector and with a better time resolution in ENA maps, helping to control the reflection of temporal variations of solar wind flux patterns in ENA features as it all will be realized with IMAP.A second open question concerns the compressibility of the heliosheath plasma. Incompressibility prevails under very low Mach number flows or very high effective sound speeds, as could be realized by hot PUI`s or hot electrons downstream of the termination shock. Hot suprathermal electrons have been predicted, but not yet confirmed by VOYAGER measurements. At the low energy side of the spectrum this is explained by the negative charge-up of the spacecraft, at the medium energy range (0.5-1.0 MeV) shock-processed suprathermal electrons are likely to in fact explain the observations.Furthermore these electrons would directly influence the electrostatic wave characteristics in the heliosheath leading to unexpected propagation properties of such waves. To clarify on some of these points IMAP should have a sensitive electron detector which could monitor solar wind electron properties at passages of travelling shocks and thus prove the efficiency of shock processing.If in fact hot electrons have to be expected in the heliosheath, then electron impact ionization processes have to be studied in new details, and the question may arise whether also LISM helium under these new auspices becomes partially ionized when crossing the heliosheath.

  9. Influencing Real Estate Thought and Decision-Making Through Research and Education: The Past, Present, and Future of ARES

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen A. Pyhrr; Michael J. Seiler; Larry E. Wofford

    2011-01-01

    This article chronicles the past, present, and future of the American Real Estate Society (ARES). The primary mission of ARES is to be the leading real estate research and education organization globally that influences real estate thought leadership and decision making. To accomplish this mission, the entrepreneurial leadership of ARES developed six real estate journals, a special topics monograph series, an extensive newsletter, and an Annual Meeting that now features over 200 research pape...

  10. Shifts in Search Engine Development: A Review of Past, Present and Future Trends in Research on Search Engines

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid R. Jamali; Saeid Asadi

    2004-01-01

    The World Wide Web has developed fast and many people use search engines to capture information from the Web. This article reviews past, present and future of search engines. Papers published in four major Web and information management conferences were surveyed to track research interests in the last five years. Web search and information retrieval topics such as ranking, filtering and query formulation are still hot topics among researchers. The most important shifts and issues of the futur...

  11. USGS research on geohazards of the North Pacific: past, present, and future

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNutt, M. K.; Eichelberger, J. C.

    2012-12-01

    The disastrous earthquakes and tsunamis of Sumatra in 2004 and Tohoku in 2011 have driven re-examination of where and how such events occur. Particular focus is on the North Pacific. Of the top 30 earthquakes recorded instrumentally worldwide, 50% occurred along the line of subduction from the Kuril Islands to the southern Alaska mainland. This region has seen monstrous volcanic eruptions (Katmai-Novarupta, 1912), destructive tsunamis (Severo-Kurilsk, 1952), and one of Earth's largest instrumentally-recorded earthquakes (M9.2 Alaska, 1964). Only the modest populations in these frontier towns half a century ago kept losses to a minimum. Impact of any natural disaster to population, vital infrastructure, and sea and air transportation would be magnified today. While USGS had a presence in Alaska for more than a century, the great Alaska earthquake of 1964 ushered in the first understanding of the area's risks. This was the first mega-thrust earthquake properly interpreted as such, and led to re-examination of the 1960 Chilean event. All modern conceptions of mega-thrust earthquakes and tsunamis derive some heritage from USGS research following the 1964 event. The discovery of oil in the Alaska Arctic prompted building a pipeline from the north slope of Alaska to the ice-free port of Valdez. The USGS identified risks from crossing permafrost and active faults. Accurate characterization of these hazards informed innovative designs that kept the pipeline from rupturing due to ground instability or during the M7.9 Denali earthquake of 2002. As a large state with few roads, air travel is common in Alaska. The frequent ash eruptions of volcanoes in the populous Cook Inlet basin became a serious issue, highlighted by the near-crash of a large passenger jet in 1989. In response, the USGS and its partners developed and deployed efficient seismic networks on remote volcanoes and initiated regular satellite surveillance for early warning of ash eruptions. Close collaboration

  12. The Present and Future of Planetary Nebula Research. A White Paper by the IAU Planetary Nebula Working Group

    CERN Document Server

    Kwitter, K B; Peña, M; Stanghellini, L; Corradi, R L M; DeMarco, O; Fang, X; Henry, R B C; Karakas, A I; Liu, X -W; López, J A; Manchado, A; Parker, Q A

    2014-01-01

    We present a summary of current research on planetary nebulae and their central stars, and related subjects such as atomic processes in ionized nebulae, AGB and post-AGB evolution. Future advances are discussed that will be essential to substantial improvements in our knowledge in the field.

  13. 45 CFR 46.407 - Research not otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an opportunity to understand, prevent, or alleviate a serious problem affecting the health or welfare... § 46.407 Research not otherwise approvable which presents an opportunity to understand, prevent, or..., prevention, or alleviation of a serious problem affecting the health or welfare of children; and (b)...

  14. 34 CFR 97.405 - Research involving greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. 97.405 Section 97.405 Education Office... the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. ED conducts or funds research in which the... holds out the prospect of direct benefit for the individual subject, or by a monitoring procedure...

  15. The Role of a Research Reactor in the National Nuclear Energy Programme in Vietnam: Present and Future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, Vietnam has only one research reactor - Dalat Nuclear Research Reactor (DNRR) - with nominal power 500 kW which main purpose is training, radioisotope production, neutron activation analysis and basic research. During operation more than 25 years, the research reactor played a very important role in the development of the nuclear infrastructure and provided numerous products and services. However, due to the limitation of neutron flux level, the out-of-date design of the experimental facilities and the ageing of the reactor facilities, this research reactor cannot meet the increasing user's demands. Therefore, building a new multipurpose research reactor of high power (10 to 20 MW) is essential to increase nuclear potential of the country, to meet the requirements of energy and non-energy related applications, creating staff for nuclear industry. The main role of a new research reactor is to serve the nuclear power development program, promote the application of nuclear science and technology, and training scientific and operational staff for the future nuclear facilities. (author)

  16. Intervention in engineering students’ final year capstone research projects to enhance their written, oral and presentation skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Blicblau

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article describes an intervention and enhancement approach to improvement in capstone student’s written, oral and presentation skills as part of their final year research project requirements especially for international students, whose first language is not English. Training in these skills have been incorporated into the early stages of the final year research (capstone project, as an intervention and enhancement program, incorporating a series of intensive seminars and practical applications to provide the students with these capabilities.  In this paper, we report on the research question “how does an intensive intervention and enhancement program in an engineering capstone research project effect students’ perceptions and their capabilities in communicating their research findings.” Results of student responses showed statistically significant differences between perceptions of local and international students in categories of intervention and enhancement in a tutorial environment for writing, oral communication and presentations. International students perceived the intervention and enhancement process of greater benefit to their engineering future than local students did. Overall, the results from this work are relevant to both international and local students who may be lacking in specialised reporting and English skills.

  17. CONFERENCE SUMMARY: Summary and comment on superconducting analogue electronics research, including materials and fabrication, as presented at ISEC 07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, C. P.

    2007-11-01

    The main theme at ISEC 2007 for superconducting materials, fabrication and analogue electronics was the description of incremental developments, including a few new directions that indicate breakthroughs in this area of research. The work on applications focused on their cost-benefit analysis (in order to improve their appeal), the development of simpler systems, making more of the data collected, improving packaging and being responsive to the power handling requirements for commercial systems. All papers presenting this level of research highlighted the importance of obtaining all the necessary details in order to investigate analogue devices and the effectiveness and commercial viability of their systems. This stage of development is important if we are to achieve the transition of superconducting electronics from the laboratory to commercial use. There were some exciting disruptive breakthroughs reported. These were in the areas of nano-SQUIDs, rotating gradiometers, superconducting scanning tunnelling microscopy (Hayashi et al) and the potential of superconducting photonics using optical interfaces with superconducting vortex flow transistors, for example. The materials research in low (LTS), high (HTS) and medium (MTS) critical temperature superconductors was reported. In LTS, nitrides emerged as important materials for use as new tunnel barriers, either insulating or semiconducting. Papers on BaN, NbN, TaN, GaN and Nb-Si superconducting materials were also presented. The MTS material of MgB2 is still under development (Zhao et al). There were also new research groups from South Africa and Turkey attending the conference. The fabrication research presented covered the areas of critical current Ic spread, which is still an issue in reducing the reproducibility of Josephson junctions, a 150 mm process for Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb and methods to improve barrier layers using both new materials and smooth surfaces at thin film interfaces (Du et al). New methods to make sub

  18. Shifts in search engine development: A review of past, present and future trends in research on search engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid R. Jamali

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web has developed fast and many people use search engines to capture information from the Web. This article reviews past, present and future of search engines. Papers published in four major Web and information management conferences were surveyed to track research interests in the last five years. Web search and information retrieval topics such as ranking, filtering and query formulation are still hot topics among researchers. The most important shifts and issues of the future of search engines are mentioned too. Search engine companies are trying to capture the Deep Web and extract structured data to offer high quality results. Using Web page structure, shared search engines, expert recommendations and different mobile search facilities seem to be features of the next generation of search engines.

  19. CONFERENCE SUMMARY: Summary and comment on superconducting analogue electronics research, including materials and fabrication, as presented at ISEC 07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, C. P.

    2007-11-01

    The main theme at ISEC 2007 for superconducting materials, fabrication and analogue electronics was the description of incremental developments, including a few new directions that indicate breakthroughs in this area of research. The work on applications focused on their cost-benefit analysis (in order to improve their appeal), the development of simpler systems, making more of the data collected, improving packaging and being responsive to the power handling requirements for commercial systems. All papers presenting this level of research highlighted the importance of obtaining all the necessary details in order to investigate analogue devices and the effectiveness and commercial viability of their systems. This stage of development is important if we are to achieve the transition of superconducting electronics from the laboratory to commercial use. There were some exciting disruptive breakthroughs reported. These were in the areas of nano-SQUIDs, rotating gradiometers, superconducting scanning tunnelling microscopy (Hayashi et al) and the potential of superconducting photonics using optical interfaces with superconducting vortex flow transistors, for example. The materials research in low (LTS), high (HTS) and medium (MTS) critical temperature superconductors was reported. In LTS, nitrides emerged as important materials for use as new tunnel barriers, either insulating or semiconducting. Papers on BaN, NbN, TaN, GaN and Nb-Si superconducting materials were also presented. The MTS material of MgB2 is still under development (Zhao et al). There were also new research groups from South Africa and Turkey attending the conference. The fabrication research presented covered the areas of critical current Ic spread, which is still an issue in reducing the reproducibility of Josephson junctions, a 150 mm process for Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb and methods to improve barrier layers using both new materials and smooth surfaces at thin film interfaces (Du et al). New methods to make sub

  20. International seminar on the safety research needs for Russian-designed reactors: material presented at the international seminar 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This seminar on international, national and bilateral cooperation programmes on the safety research needs for Russian-designed reactors was held in Tokyo, Japan (1997) and hosted by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the Science and Technology Agency (STA) of Japan. More than 70 participants attended the seminar. Represented were experts from OECD/NEA member countries and Russia, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the ISTC, the INSC and the Russian INSC. Eighteen papers were presented in five sessions. The seminar was structured around four main areas of cooperation: cooperative programmes of the OECD/NEA, programmes of international organisations, bi-lateral programmes, and national programmes of OECD/NEA member countries having reactors of the VVER type. General conclusions, followed by specific technical conclusions are included

  1. Presentation of a research project addressed to the realisation of a diamond-based cellular biosensing device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boarino, Luca; Carabelli, Valentina; Carbone, Emilio; Genovese, Marco; Gosso, Sara; Olivero, Paolo; Pasquarelli, Alberto; Picollo, Federico; Traina, Paolo

    2012-02-01

    In this proceedings we will present a research project financed by Piedmont regional government (Italy; finalized to the realization and commercialization of functional devices for cellular bio-sensing based on diamond. Partners of the project are: Crisel Instruments, Torino University, Torino Polytechnic, INRIM, Politronica, Bionica Tech, Ulm University Here the main features of the final devices will be briefly summarized. We envisage an active diamond-based cellular substrate that can simultaneously stimulate and detect a variety of signals (chemical, optical, electrical) to and from neuroendocrine cells, in a fully biocompatible environment for the cellular system under test. Such a device can be realized by fully exploiting the peculiar properties of diamond: optical transparency, biocompatibility, chemical inertness, accessibility to a conductive graphite-like phase; properties that will be further explored and tested during the project.

  2. Text of the communication presented by Aerospatiale on the COMORAM system (Modular Control for Medical Research and Analysis)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial design and development of a real time conversational data acquisition and processing system able to process any physiological signal from conditioning bays. Present applications concern functional exploration in heart catheterism and ventilatory mechanics. The system is operated from a control desk and a visual display console and can therefore be used by doctors or nurses with no knowledge of informatics. Several functional exploration or research rooms may be managed simultaneously. This equipment should allow users: to perform calculations defined by themselves on parameters acquired by the system; to enter all results in a card-index easy to consult; to choose the type of examination which the doctor wishes to apply on a patient in the context of a previously defined working diagram

  3. Report to the Congress: liquid metal fast breeder reactor program--past, present, and future, Energy Research and Development Administration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1975-04-28

    The past, present, and future of the liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) program, the Nation's highest priority energy program, are studied. ERDA anticipates that the operation of the first large commercial breeder will start in 1987, and that 186 commercial-size breeders will be in operation by the year 2000. The breeder program is made up of six major areas, each dealing with an important element of technology: reactor physics; fuels and materials; fuel recycle; safety; component development; plant experience; and facilities used in the LMFBR program. ERDA is implementing a new system for administering, managing, and controlling the breeder program that will provide increased program visibility and control. Federal funding for breeder development was $168 million in FY 1971, accounting for 40% of the total Federal R and D energy budget; in FY 1976 Federal funding for this program will be $474 million, only 26% of total Federal funding for energy research. Besides Federal funds, over half a billion dollars have been or will be invested by industry over the next 5 to 10 years to develop the breeder and to build a demonstration plant. Five other nations--the United Kingdom, France, Japan, West Germany, and the Soviet Union--have a high priority national energy program for developing the LMFBR. These foreign breeder programs could contribute important data and information to the U.S. program. (BYB)

  4. High Energy Physics: Report of research accomplishments and future goals, FY 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses high energy physics research in the following areas: Research in theoretical physics; phenomenology; experimental computer facility at Caltech; Beijing BES; MACRO; CLEO II; SLD; L3 at LEP; the B Factory R ampersand D Program; SSC GEM Detector; and a high resolution barium fluoride calorimeter for the SSC

  5. High Energy Physics: Report of research accomplishments and future goals, FY 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1991-09-05

    This report discusses high energy physics research in the following areas: Research in theoretical physics; phenomenology; experimental computer facility at Caltech; Beijing BES; MACRO; CLEO II; SLD; L3 at LEP; the B Factory R & D Program; SSC GEM Detector; and a high resolution barium fluoride calorimeter for the SSC.

  6. Present status and future expectation of muon nuclear physics. Collaborative researches of Sugimoto and Yamazaki groups and whereafter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The collaboration with late Prof. K. Sugimoto was begun in 1974 at Berkley on muon experiments. Since then, the author has been involved in the construction and utilization of the facilities at KEK booster, TRIUMPF-M9 muon channel, RIKEN RAL muon facility and J-PARC MUSE. In this note, however, only the matters related to the fundamental physics of nuclei and elementary particles are reviewed. In section (2), 'Binding effects of negative muons' are taken up and general properties of negative muons are summarized. Then, in 2.1) magnetic moment data in the groundbreaking years of the collaborative research and recent data, in 2.2) re-polarization of the muonic atoms, and in 2.3) decay electron spectra are described. In section (3) of 'Negative muon nuclear absorption reactions', two urgent problems of 3.1.1) preparation and applications of radioactive 99Tc and 3.1.2) confirmation of the transmutation of the nuclear reactor waste are mentioned. In section (4) of 'Ultra-fine spectroscopic elementary particle physics of muon atomic levels', 4.1) laser spectroscopy of the negative muon hydrogen atoms, and 4.2) atomic spectroscopy of the positive muon antiproton atoms and CPT theorem are pointed out. In section (5) of 'Frontier measurements of muon fundamental physics', 5.1) ultra-low velocity positive muons and positive muon anomalous magnetic moment, and 5.2) ultra-low velocity highly polarized negative muons and negative muon anomalous magnetic moment are mentioned. In section (6) of 'Toward the new developments of the muon nuclear fusion', 6.1) Present status of research with two subsections and realization of the break even by strongly correlated muon catalyzed fusion, and 6.2) realization of break even by the strongly correlated muon catalyzed nuclear fusion are discussed. In section 7, other muon nuclear science, internal exploration and imaging radiography are picked up. Finally, three agenda are described not only

  7. Proceedings of the Scientific Meeting and Presentation on Basic Research in Nuclear Science and Technology part I: Physics, Nuclear Reactor and Instrumentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scientific Meeting and Presentation on Basic Research in Nuclear Scienceand Technology is an annual activity held by Centre for Research and Development of Advanced Technology, National Nuclear Energy Agency, for monitoring research activities achieved by the Agency. The papers presented in the meeting were collected into proceedings which were divided into two parts. These are the first part of the proceedings that contain 42 articles in the fields of physics, nuclear reactors, and instrumentation (PPIN).

  8. An Action Research Process on University Tutorial Sessions with Small Groups: Presentational Tutorial Sessions and Online Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcaraz-Salarirche, Noelia; Gallardo-Gil, Monsalud; Herrera-Pastor, David; Servan-Nunez, Maria Jose

    2011-01-01

    We describe and analyse the action research process carried out by us as teachers in a general didactics course in the University of Malaga (Spain). The course methodology combined lectures to the whole class and small-group work. We were in charge of guiding small-group work. In the small groups, students researched on an educational innovation…

  9. Review of Present Collection and Research on Forestry Contracts of Qing Dynasty in Jinping County, Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shen Wenjia; Wang Ningwei; Dong Yuan

    2004-01-01

    Forestry contracts of the Qing Dynasty in Jinping County, southwest China's Guizhou Province, are a unique historical legacy of China. It came into being with the development of society and economy of Jinping. Research on these contracts is becoming widespread domestically and abroad as well. This paper is intended to make a review of the collection and research of forestry contracts in Jinping according to the chronological sequence.

  10. Free software, Open source software, licenses. A short presentation including a procedure for research software and data dissemination

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez-Diaz, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    4 pages. Spanish version: Software libre, software de código abierto, licencias. Donde se propone un procedimiento de distribución de software y datos de investigación The main goal of this document is to help the research community to understand the basic concepts of software distribution: Free software, Open source software, licenses. This document also includes a procedure for research software and data dissemination.

  11. Utilizing mixed methods research in analyzing Iranian researchers’ informarion search behaviour in the Web and presenting current pattern

    OpenAIRE

    Maryam Asadi; Najla Hariri

    2015-01-01

    Using mixed methods research design, the current study has analyzed Iranian researchers’ information searching behaviour on the Web.Then based on extracted concepts, the model of their information searching behavior was revealed. . Forty-four participants, including academic staff from universities and research centers were recruited for this study selected by purposive sampling. Data were gathered from questionnairs including ten questions and semi-structured interview. Each participan...

  12. Towards a set of design principles for developing oral presentation competence: A synthesis of research in higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ginkel, van S.O.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Biemans, H.J.A.; Mulder, M.

    2015-01-01

    Developing oral presentation competence is an essential objective in higher education. However, a comprehensive picture of effective learning environment characteristics for encouraging oral presentation performance is lacking hitherto. This review identifies and classifies relevant studies with the

  13. Presentation of the results of 1993-1994 of the peat production research area; Turvetuotanto - tutkimusalueen katsaus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leinonen, A.

    1996-12-31

    The development target of the peat production research area of the Biomass research programme is to improve the competitivity of peat by reducing the production costs by 20 % (5-6 FIM/MWh) from the level of 1992 and to reduce the environmental load. The main targets of peat production, by which the target can be met, are ditching and preparation technologies, drying technology, machine technology, methodology, integration of wood harvesting and peat production, and application of the results of the Optimiturve research programme in practice. The objectives of the peat production research are possible to meet if the partial targets are met. Increment of the open-ditch distance from 20 m to 60 m reduces the production costs by 5.0 %, increment of the rate of utilization of solar radiation from 30 % to 40 % reduces the production costs by 8 %, reduction of the amount of residual peat from 3000 MWh to 1500 MWh reduces the costs by 6.5 %, development of light and firesafe machines by 3 %, and integrated harvesting of wood by 3 %. Meeting of the partial targets reduces the production costs by 24 %. The main research areas of peat production will be carried out further. The total funding of the peat production researches in 1993-1994 was 19.4 million FIM (9.7 million FIM/a). The share of the total funding of the research organization projects has been 6.7 million FIM and that of the company projects 12.7 million FIM. The share of the Finnish Ministry of Trade and Industry of the funding has been 9.0 million FIM (46 %)

  14. What's inside your cat's head? A review of cat (Felis silvestris catus) cognition research past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale Shreve, Kristyn R; Udell, Monique A R

    2015-11-01

    The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) has shared an intertwined existence with humans for thousands of years, living on our city streets and in our homes. Yet, little scientific research has focused on the cognition of the domestic cat, especially in comparison with human's other companion, the domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). This review surveys the current status of several areas of cat cognition research including perception, object permanence, memory, physical causality, quantity and time discrimination, cats' sensitivity to human cues, vocal recognition and communication, attachment bonds, personality, and cognitive health. Although interest in cat cognition is growing, we still have a long way to go until we have an inclusive body of research on the subject. Therefore, this review also identifies areas where future research must be conducted. In addition to the scientific value of future work in this area, future research on cat cognition could have an important influence on the management and welfare of pet and free-roaming cats, leading to improved human-cat interactions. PMID:26154131

  15. 2007 international meeting on Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR). Abstracts and available papers presented at the meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Meeting papers discuss research and test reactor fuel performance, manufacturing and testing. Some of the main topics are: conversion from HEU to LEU in different reactors and corresponding problems and activities; flux performance and core lifetime analysis with HEU and LEU fuels; physics and safety characteristics; measurement of gamma field parameters in core with LEU fuel; nondestructive analysis of RERTR fuel; thermal hydraulic analysis; fuel interactions; transient analyses and thermal hydraulics for HEU and LEU cores; microstructure research reactor fuels; post irradiation analysis and performance; computer codes and other related problems

  16. Pharmacy Education Reaction to Presentations on Bridging the Gap Between the Basic Sciences and Clinical Practice: Teaching, Research, and Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doluisio, James T.

    1980-01-01

    Issues in the conflict between clinical practice and basic research in pharmacy are reviewed: professional associations' role, curriculum needs and traditions, internal strains and diversity in the profession, computer use, scholarly work of faculty, using the medical profession as a model, and misperceptions of what clinical and basic sciences…

  17. Information Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Kritina L.; Thompson, Shelby G.; Sandor, Aniko; McCann, Robert S.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Adelstein, Barnard D.; Begault, Durand R.; Beutter, Brent R.; Stone, Leland S.; Godfroy, Martine

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. In addition to addressing display design issues associated with information formatting, style, layout, and interaction, the Information Presentation DRP is also working toward understanding the effects of extreme environments encountered in space travel on information processing. Work is also in progress to refine human factors-based design tools, such as human performance modeling, that will supplement traditional design techniques and help ensure that optimal information design is accomplished in the most cost-efficient manner. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP for FY10 are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. The poster will highlight completed and planned work for each subtask.

  18. 40 CFR 26.405 - Observational research involving greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. 26.405... but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. If the IRB finds that an...: (a) The intervention or procedure holds out the prospect of direct benefit to the individual...

  19. 45 CFR 46.405 - Research involving greater than minimal risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. 46.405 Section 46.405 Public Welfare... risk but presenting the prospect of direct benefit to the individual subjects. HHS will conduct or fund... procedure that holds out the prospect of direct benefit for the individual subject, or by a...

  20. Proceeding of the Scientific Meeting and Presentation on Basic Research of Nuclear Science and Technology: Book I. Physics, Reactor Physics and Nuclear Instrumentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceeding contains papers presented on Scientific Meeting and Presentation on on Basic Research of Nuclear Science and Technology, held in Yogyakarta, 25-27 April 1995. This proceeding is part one from two books published for the meeting contains papers on Physics, Reactor Physics and Nuclear Instrumentation as results of research activities in National Atomic Energy Agency. There are 39 papers indexed individually. (ID)

  1. History, present situation, and prospects of probiotic research conducted in the G.N. Gabrichevsky Research Institute for Epidemiology and Microbiology

    OpenAIRE

    V. A. Aleshkin; Amerhanova, A.M.; Pospelova, V.V.; Afanasiev, S.S.; Shenderov, B.A.

    2011-01-01

    The G.N. Gabrichevsky Research Institute for Epidemiology and Microbiology has made a major contribution to the development of probiotic preparations in the Russian Federation. As long ago as the 1960s the researchers at the institute began to conduct investigations on the selection of probiotic strains, development of the probiotic preparations of different formulations and functions and technologies for their industrial production, studies of clinical efficacy and the mechanisms of their ac...

  2. 内隐成就动机研究现状%Research of implicit achievement motivation at present

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文利

    2014-01-01

    From the incentives to the implicit and explicit motives, the difference between the achievements of implicit motives wake effect and improve achievement motivation of three parties face in recent years, the research of the motives of implicit introduced and summarized, and on the basis of the research trend of it looking at four o 'clock.%从内隐动机和外显动机的区别,内隐动机的成就唤醒效应和提高成就动机三各方面对近年来内隐成就动机的研究进行了介绍和概括,并在此基础上它的研究趋势做了四点展望。

  3. Interviewing with or without the partner present? – An underexposed dilemma between ethics and methodology in nursing research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norlyk, Annelise; Haahr, Anita; Hall, Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    to collect data is challenging. Patients and partners can be interviewed separately or together; in both scenarios researchers face complex questions of methodology and ethics. This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on individual or joint interviewing and the effect of absence/presence of the partner...... with couples. Furthermore, we discuss how the unexpected presence of the partner potentially influences the data gathered from the patient. Implication for nursing The cases demonstrate the interrelatedness of ethics and methodology in studies based on in-depth interviews with couples. Nurse researchers may......Aim To discuss ethical and methodological challenges related to in-depth interviews with patients and partners when interviewed together or separately. Background Increased interest in exploring illness phenomena from both patients' and partners' perspectives has emerged. The decision about how...

  4. Present status of the infrared free-electron laser of the Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okuda, Shuichi; Isoyama, Goro; Honda, Yoshihide; Kato, Ryukou; Tagawa, Seiichi [Osaka Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Scientific and Industrial Research

    1997-03-01

    A free-electron laser with a 38-MeV L-band linear accelerator was developed at the Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University. The self-amplified spontaneous emission was observed at wavelengths of 20 and 40 {mu}m with a high-intensity single-bunch beam passing through a wiggler. In the oscillation experiments with a multibunch beam laser light was obtained at wavelengths from 32 to 40 {mu}m. The peak power in a micropulse of the laser is estimated to be 8.3 MW at a wavelength of 40 {mu}m. In order to apply the laser to basic researches some components of the linac and the optical cavity are being improved. (author)

  5. 睡眠限制国内研究现状分析%Present researches on sleep restriction in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 吴卫平

    2014-01-01

    Sleep is essential to human. But in modern society sleep time become shorter, which is described as sleep restriction in medical research. The conception of sleep restriction is restriction of total sleep time per day, making it shorter than normal level. However, most researches in China focus on sleep deprivation, which means do not sleep at all. Most people believe that our body could deal with the minor disturbance due to the sleep restriction. But it is not the truth. In this review, we tried to find the reason why the researches on sleep restriction were not as many as researches on sleep deprivation. We also systematic elaborated the influence made by sleep restriction. We hoped it could make researchers focus on the study of sleep restriction.%睡眠是人类赖以生存的生理现象。随着生活节奏的日益加快,人们的睡眠时间普遍不足。这一现象在医学上称之为睡眠限制,即在一个阶段内将每天的睡眠时间限制在低于正常的水平上,造成总的睡眠时间减少。目前国内的研究主要集中在睡眠剥夺,即某段时间内完全不睡眠,对睡眠限制的研究相对较少。睡眠限制对机体造成的影响往往不被人们所重视,认为人体可以通过适应而消除。而现实情况并非如此,因此研究睡眠限制对现实生活的意义很大。本文就睡眠限制国内研究较少的原因、研究所涉及的内容(睡眠限制对神经精神系统、生化、免疫及相关疾病的影响)进行分析及综述,希望能够引起大家对睡眠限制相关研究的重视。

  6. Present researches on sleep restriction in China%睡眠限制国内研究现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 吴卫平

    2014-01-01

    Sleep is essential to human. But in modern society sleep time become shorter, which is described as sleep restriction in medical research. The conception of sleep restriction is restriction of total sleep time per day, making it shorter than normal level. However, most researches in China focus on sleep deprivation, which means do not sleep at all. Most people believe that our body could deal with the minor disturbance due to the sleep restriction. But it is not the truth. In this review, we tried to find the reason why the researches on sleep restriction were not as many as researches on sleep deprivation. We also systematic elaborated the influence made by sleep restriction. We hoped it could make researchers focus on the study of sleep restriction.%睡眠是人类赖以生存的生理现象。随着生活节奏的日益加快,人们的睡眠时间普遍不足。这一现象在医学上称之为睡眠限制,即在一个阶段内将每天的睡眠时间限制在低于正常的水平上,造成总的睡眠时间减少。目前国内的研究主要集中在睡眠剥夺,即某段时间内完全不睡眠,对睡眠限制的研究相对较少。睡眠限制对机体造成的影响往往不被人们所重视,认为人体可以通过适应而消除。而现实情况并非如此,因此研究睡眠限制对现实生活的意义很大。本文就睡眠限制国内研究较少的原因、研究所涉及的内容(睡眠限制对神经精神系统、生化、免疫及相关疾病的影响)进行分析及综述,希望能够引起大家对睡眠限制相关研究的重视。

  7. Summary of presentation for research on social structure, agreement, and conflict in groups in extreme and isolated environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Despite a vast amount of research, little is known concerning the effect of group structure, and individuals' understanding of that structure, on conflict in Antarctic groups. The overall objective of the research discussed is to determine the interrelationships of group structure, social cognition, and group function and conflict in isolated and extreme environments. In the two decades following WWII, a large body of research focused on the physiological, psychological, and social psychological factors affecting the functioning of individuals and groups in a variety of extreme and isolated environments in both the Arctic and Antarctic. There are two primary reasons for further research of this type. First, Antarctic polar stations are considered to be natural laboratories for the social and behavioral sciences and provide an opportunity to address certain theoretical and empirical questions concerned with agreement and conflict in social groups in general and group behavior in extreme, isolated environments in particular. Recent advances in the analysis of social networks and intracultural variation have improved the methods and have shifted the theoretical questions. The research is motivated by three classes of questions: (1) What are the characteristics of the social relations among individuals working and living together in extreme and isolated environments?; (2) What do individuals understand about their group, how does that understanding develop, and how is it socially distributed?; and (3) What is the relationship between that understanding and the functioning of the social group? Answers to these questions are important if we are to advance our knowledge of how individuals and groups adapt to extreme environments. Second, although Antarctic winter-over candidates may be evaluated as qualified on the basis of individual characteristics, they may fail to adapt because of certain characteristics of the social group. Consequently, the ability of winter

  8. Present Research and Introspection of Zheng%证本质的研究现状及反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳丽; 韩金祥

    2012-01-01

    From 1950s to 1990s,the study on essence of ZKeng in traditional Chinese medicine has been active,the major research method is based on mechanical reduclionism, researcher cannot find the essence of Zheng by the abnormal objective indicator of nerve system,endocrine system,immune system and cytokine disorder. After the 1990s,the essence of Zheng in traditional Chinese medicine turns into introspection,the quantum theory based on organicism which raises the Zheng in traditional Chinese medicine is a status of the quantum fields resulted from the electromagnetic radiation of the human body, hoping to push forward the research of the essence of Zheng.%二十世纪五十年代到九十年代,是中医证本质研究的活跃期,基于机械还原论方法的研究成为研究的主流,通过神经系统、内分泌系统、免疫系统客观指标的异常,以及细胞因子紊乱研究没有解决证本质问题,九十年代末以后,中医证本质的研究进入迟缓反思期.最近,基于有机论的量子理论,提出中医证是机体电磁辐射形成的量子叠加态的观点,有望推动证本质的研究.

  9. Present and future directions of atomic physics research with multiply-charged ions at Brookhaven National Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atomic physics research with multiply-charged ions is now in progress using ion beams from the Brookhaven Double MP-Tandem van de Graaff facility. In the near future, experiments will start using ions produced by photons from the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). Examples of typical experiments are discussed to illustrate the comprehensive nature of these facilities. Plans for future expansion by addition of a CRYEBIS type ion source coupled to a heavy-ion storage ring for use in crossed-beam experiments at the NSLS are discussed. 18 refs., 8 figs

  10. Utilizing mixed methods research in analyzing Iranian researchers’ informarion search behaviour in the Web and presenting current pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Asadi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Using mixed methods research design, the current study has analyzed Iranian researchers’ information searching behaviour on the Web.Then based on extracted concepts, the model of their information searching behavior was revealed. . Forty-four participants, including academic staff from universities and research centers were recruited for this study selected by purposive sampling. Data were gathered from questionnairs including ten questions and semi-structured interview. Each participant’s memos were analyzed using grounded theory methods adapted from Strauss & Corbin (1998. Results showed that the main objectives of subjects were doing a research, writing a paper, studying, doing assignments, downloading files and acquiring public information in using Web. The most important of learning about how to search and retrieve information were trial and error and get help from friends among the subjects. Information resources are identified by searching in information resources (e.g. search engines, references in papers, and search in Online database… communications facilities & tools (e.g. contact with colleagues, seminars & workshops, social networking..., and information services (e.g. RSS, Alerting, and SDI. Also, Findings indicated that searching by search engines, reviewing references, searching in online databases, and contact with colleagues and studying last issue of the electronic journals were the most important for searching. The most important strategies were using search engines and scientific tools such as Google Scholar. In addition, utilizing from simple (Quick search method was the most common among subjects. Using of topic, keywords, title of paper were most important of elements for retrieval information. Analysis of interview showed that there were nine stages in researchers’ information searching behaviour: topic selection, initiating search, formulating search query, information retrieval, access to information

  11. Present state of works on development of electron accelerators for energy consuming processes at Efremov Research Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Necessity to decrease anthropogenic environmental pollution puts a task of development of HV accelerators for introduction of nature conservation technologies in commercial scale. High efficiency and operation reliability in a power range noticeably higher than already mastered level are required. In design of the accelerators basic units, namely, HV generators, accelerating structures, electron beam irradiation field forming systems and extraction devices solutions that demonstrated already theirs operational capacity in the machines of a lesser power may be used. From the other hand, experience gained by already full-scale built powerful installations shows that a number of problems remain unsolved that put obstacles on a way of wide implementation of exhaust gases irradiation processing. Attempts to built the accelerator meeting all requirements in a frame of specific contracts, although already shown noticeable progress in a sense of the power grow, acquiring of very valuable experience, carry some risk caused by insufficient study of the problems connected with power increasing, lack of time and means for the thorough research works. It looks reasonable to suggest creation of full-scale pilot installation with HV accelerator of required power (1 MW, for example) not bound to a specific commercial contract, where researches and studies of the accelerator main systems, theirs optimization and longevity tests can be carried out thus providing development of the accelerator into really reliable and effective tool for applying to environmental tasks

  12. Past and present measurement and control of radioactive emissions with the exhaust air of the Karlsruhe Research Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioactive releases with the exhaust air of almost 30 emitters of the Karlsruhe Research Center are monitored and measured. The maximum permissible releases of each emitter are laid down in the so-called 'gaseous effluent plan'. Thus, compliance with the dose limits pursuant to Sec. 45 of the Radiation Protection Ordinance is guaranteed for the whole site. In the course of the development of the Karlsruhe Research Center the gaseous effluent plan as well as the monitoring and measurement systems have been adopted to the individual requirements of each installation. Based on the measured data and the recorded weather statistics, the potential radiation exposure in the environment is calculated annually. Although activity discharges have decreased significantly because of nuclear installations having been decommissioned and dismantled, the effort for emission monitoring and measurement is still high. The calculated doses to the population decreased from almost 10 μSv/a in the early eighties to now less than 1 μSv/a. (orig.)

  13. Recent Developments in the Numerics of Nonlinear Hyperbolic Conservation Laws : Lectures Presented at a Workshop at the Mathematical Research Institute

    CERN Document Server

    Bijl, Hester; Meister, Andreas; Sonar, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    In January 2012 an Oberwolfach workshop took place on the topic of  recent developments in the numerics of partial differential equations. Focus was  laid on methods of high order and on applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics. The book covers most of the talks presented at this workshop.  

  14. Proceeding of the Scientific Meeting and Presentation on Basic Research of Nuclear Science and Technology: Book II. Nuclear Chemistry, Process Technology, and Radioactive Waste Processing and Environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceeding contains papers presented on Scientific Meeting and Presentation on on Basic Research of Nuclear Science and Technology, held in Yogyakarta, 25-27 April 1995. This proceeding is second part of two books published for the meeting contains papers on nuclear chemistry, process technology, and radioactive waste management and environment. There are 62 papers indexed individually. (ID)

  15. Present situation and future challenges of beef cattle production in Italy and the role of the research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Cozzi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims at describing the current features and the future challenges of the beef cattle production systems in Italy. The first part of the article analyzes the main domestic production systems of veal calves and more adult beef cattle in terms of farm size and location, housing structures, feeding plans and cattle genotypes. The second part is address towards the analysis of a set of issues related to the current systems of production which could become important critical points in the short future. Potential solutions to reduce the environmental impact of the beef farms, to improve the animal welfare and to limit the import of foreign young livestock to be finished in our fattening units are proposed and discussed in the light of the more recent advances of the scientific research.

  16. 中式保健香肠的研究进展%Present status of research on healthcare sausage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯桂芳

    2011-01-01

    Research of healthcare sausage by food scientist was sorted since 2000. Healthcare sausage series had low-fat-low-cholesterol sausage,low-salt-high-water sausage,low-nitrate-low-nitrosamine sausage,sausage with dietary fiber,sausage with medicine food.%分类归纳了近10年食品工作者对中式保健功能香肠的研究,主要有低脂低胆固醇系列、低盐高水系列、低硝酸盐低亚硝胺类系列、含膳食纤维系列、添加药食同源食物系列。

  17. 能源效率研究现状概述%Outline of Present Situation of Energy Efficiency Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治平

    2011-01-01

    Energy efficiency has been a topic of concern among academic circle. On this question many scholars have done a lot of research, they have carried on the thorough excavation and discussion on the connotation and measure method of energy efficiency. This paper has combed the measure of energy efficiency by 5 survey targets, which are energy economy efficiency, energy value efficiency, energy physics efficiency, energy allocation effects and energy use efficiency. It has also discussed the characteristic, using environment and suitable scope of each target. Based on this, it put forward forecast to this research field.%能源效率一直是学术界备受关注的话题之一,诸多学者对该问题进行了大量的研究,对能源效率的内涵及测度方法进行了深入的挖掘与探讨.本文对能源效率的测度方法进行了梳理,将其划分为能源经济效率、能源价值效率、能源物理效率、能源配置效率及能源利用效率五类测度指标,并对每类指标的自身特点、使用环境、适用范围进行了深入阐述.在此基础上,对该领域研究提出了展望.

  18. [The present state of the clinical and epidemiologic research on chemical and carcinogenic risks in the metalworking industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piolatto, Pier Giorgio; Catalani, Simona

    2011-01-01

    In this report several publications on clinical-epidemiologic patterns are presented regarding chemical and oncogenic risk in the metalworking industry. Sources of information were mainly PubMed and TOXNET. As far as cancer is concerned the body of the epidemiological data is difficult to interpret, mainly due to the fact that even the most recent papers and reviews refer to past exposure to MWF. Moreover, the great number of cancer sites are hardly explainable as to the biological plausibility. However, it is likely that current problems might be overcome by the almost total elimination of PAH and some additives. Moreover, cancer risk for welders and painters should be considered according to the different techniques used. Several studies reported repeated outbreaks of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis, especially in US, most probably caused by mycobacterial antigens present in water-based oils. In Italy this disease is probably misdiagnosed or underreported. Some cross-sectional studies on respiratory disease and hearing loss, caused by the interaction of noise and chemical agent (mainly solvents), provided limited information because of the nature itself of this type of studies. Dermal pathologies still affect MWF exposed workers. Some antigens present in compounds, which are now gradually substituted, have been identified for allergic dermatitis (ADC). PMID:22073667

  19. The Present Situation of the Research on Behavior of Nurse Check%护士查对行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡忠华; 王国蓉; 巴智明

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the quality and factors of checking for providing proof to regulation and improving chec-king quality and looking for ideas in study. Methods A systematic search of eight electronic databases-wanfangmed data,CNKI data,vipdata,ScienceDirect,Springerlink ACS,EBSCO,OVID-for all articles describing checking of nurse,patient's safe, checking of medication in both adults and children since 2004 up to and including November 2014. Results The papers's researches in-clude implementing situation,developing new methods and teaching and training for checking,in which the status isn't good thoughchecking system always develops along with medical and society,the focus of study is new methods and training of checking but received less supporting from researches in behavior,medical safety culture etc. Conclusion The shortness of classification research combination of personal,organizational,environmental factors induces the lacking of high quality empirical basis for building refine-ment checking procedure and content points.%目的 了解护士查对行为质量和影响因素,为规范和提升查对制度落实提供依据,进一步探索护士查对行为的研究方向. 方法 通过中文万方数据库、CNKI数据库、维普数据库,ACS,EBSCO,OVID,ScienceDirect,Springerlink数据库,检索与护士查对行为和患者安全给药查对相关文献,文章时间为2004至2014年. 结果 按文献内容分为查对制度落实现状研究,查对方式研究和查对培训研究三部分. 护理查对制度在方法和要求上随着医疗模式和社会发展不断演变和发展,但给药的查对措施落实现状并不乐观,个人和系统因素对护士查对行为均有影响. 发展查对方法和加强护士查对培训是目前研究主要的关注点,但对社会行为学、医院安全文化等组织环境因素对查对行为培养和实施的影响研究较少. 结论 我国目前还缺乏结合个人、组织、环境因素对不同查

  20. The eastern box turtle at the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center 1940s to the present: another view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, P.F.P.

    2003-01-01

    Several long-term mark recapture studies have been conducted on box turtles (Terrapene c. carolina) providing valuable information on life span, basic demography, home range, and apparent effects of environmental changes on box turtle survival. One of the longest studied populations was first marked in 1942 on the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center in Maryland, and has been surveyed every 10 years until 1995. The age structure and gender ratio of these turtles in the field may support differential habitat use and survival estimates. A few of the turtles first marked during the 1945 study are still observed throughout the Center. Data collected from turtles marked in the more upland habitats during 1985-2002 indicate a younger age class distribution than that observed in the more protected biota of the bottomland floodplain study area. Extrapolating ages of turtles described in data collected throughout the long-term study, it was estimated that turtles, both males and females, can show reproduction-intent behaviors at ages greater than 54 years old. It is suggested that count data collection be continued on a more frequent cycle, extending over a larger part of the Center.

  1. Using repeated precise gps campaigns for research of present-day crustal movement and strain in the Qinghai- Tibetan Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The problem of crustal movement in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau isa hotstopic of the present-day international geodetic world. GPS observations in 1993, 1995 and 1997 are used to survey the three-dimensional displacement of GPS monitoring station in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, and to calculate and analyze the present-day crustal movement and strain in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The result of repeated campaign shows that the crustal movement in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is still compressing in the north and south directions, extending in the west and east directions, and uplifting in the vertical direction. The relative convergence velocity of the Himalayan block is approximately (19.5 ± 1.7) mm/a, the strain velocity is about (5.5 ± 6.0) mm/a, and the uplifting velocity is some (7.6 ± 5.2) mm/a. The compression velocity of the Tibet block relative to Golmud in the north and south directions is (9.3 ± 4.6) mm/a, the strain velocity of the middle part in the west and east directions is (15.6 ± 6.3) mm/a, reflecting the plateau lateral extruding movement. The Himalayan block is mainly compressing strain, and the middle part of the Tibet block is mainly extending strain. The highest extending and the compressing strain are 0.131×106/a and-0.189×106/a, respectively.

  2. Personal Reflections on a Tale of Two Books: Social and Environmental Accounting Research in the Past, Present and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reg Mathews

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper was requested by the guest editors of the Australasian Accounting, Business and Finance Journal(AABFJ following the Sydney CSEAR conference. One topic suggested to me was to write a comment onrecent developments leveraging on GG 2007 or that part that has not been published previously. I am pleasedto attempt this but wish also to make reference to another book published at the same time (Unerman,Bebbington and O’Dwyer (UBOD 2007, because I believe that the different perspectives presented areinformative for all scholars in the field of SEAR which is now often referred to as SA. The remainder of thispaper other than the introduction and conclusion will consist of firstly a review of GG 2007, secondly a reviewof UBOD 2007, and thirdly a number of observations based on these contrasting works.

  3. Proceeding of the Scientific Meeting and Presentation on Basic Research in Nuclear Science and Technology. Part I : Physics, Reactor Physics and Nuclear Instrumentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scientific Meeting and Presentation on Basic Research in Nuclear Science and Technology is a routine activity was held by PPNY BATAN for monitoring the research Activity which achieved in BATAN. The Proceeding contains a proposal about basic which has physics; reactor physics and nuclear instrumentation. This proceedings is the first part from two part which published in series. There are 33 articles which have separated index

  4. Web application security research present situation and protection%web应用安全现状及防护研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠好学

    2015-01-01

    在运用web应用时,应重视系统本身的安全保护,对系统中的漏洞及时进行处理与防护,以避免发生网络安全事件,给用户带来不可挽回的损失.本文首先阐述了web应用的安全现状,对系统的主要几种攻击方式进行了探讨并提出了一些防护对策,为web应用的安全防护提供理论借鉴.%Therefore, when using the web application, should attach great importance to the protection of the security of the system itself and loopholes in the system for processing and protection in time, to avoid network security incidents, and to the user bring irreparable damage. This paper first describes the present situation of web application security, probes into several major attacks of system and puts forward some protective measures, provide theoretical reference for web application security protection.

  5. Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathematics Teaching, 1973

    1973-01-01

    Implications for teachers from Piagetian-oriented piagetian-oriented research on problem solving reported in an article by Eleanor Duckworth are presented. Edward de Bono's Children Solve Problems,'' a collection of examples, is also discussed. (MS)

  6. A review of planetary and space science projects presented at iCubeSat, the Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Michael

    2015-04-01

    iCubeSat, the Interplanetary CubeSat Workshop, is an annual technical workshop for researchers working on an exciting new standardised platform and opportunity for planetary and space scientists. The first workshop was held in 2012 at MIT, 2013 at Cornell, 2014 at Caltech with the 2015 workshop scheduled to take place on the 26-27th May 2015 at Imperial College London. Mission concepts and flight projects presented since 2012 have included orbiters and landers targeting asteroids, the moon, Mars, Venus, Saturn and their satellites to perform science traditionally reserved for flagship missions at a fraction of their cost. Some of the first missions proposed are currently being readied for flight in Europe, taking advantage of multiple ride share launch opportunities and technology providers. A review of these and other interplanetary CubeSat projects will be presented, covering details of their science objectives, instrument capabilities, technology, team composition, budget, funding sources, and the other programattic elements required to implement this potentially revolutionary new class of mission.

  7. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  8. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

  9. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (35th, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012). Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    For the thirty-fifth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the national AECT Convention in Louisville, Kentucky. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in…

  10. Annual Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Papers Presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (36th, Anaheim, California, 2013). Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    For the thirty-sixth year, the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) is sponsoring the publication of these Proceedings. Papers published in this volume were presented at the annual AECT Convention in Anaheim, California. The Proceedings of AECT's Convention are published in two…

  11. Present practice, on-going research and future potential for non-chemical pest management in fruit and berry production in Denmark

    OpenAIRE

    Sigsgaard, Lene

    2012-01-01

    Workshop prensentation - Present practice, ongoing research and future potential for non-chemical pest management in fruit and berry production in Denmark. Chinese-Danish networking on systemic approaches to pest management without pesticides. Hand-out (Flowerstrips and beneficials in orchards)

  12. Material presented to advisory committee on reactor safeguards, subcommittee on extreme external phenomena, January 29-30, 1981, Los Angeles, California. Seismic safety margins research program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The January 29-30, 1981, meeting of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS), Subcommittee on Extreme External Phenomena, mark the close of Phase I efforts on the Seismic Safety Margins Research Program (SSMRP). Presentations at the meeting focused on results produced. These included computer codes, response computations, failure and release probabilities, data bases, and fragilities and parameter characteristics

  13. Virtual Presenters: Towards Interactive Virtual Presentations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, A.; Cappellini, V.; Hemsley, J.

    2005-01-01

    We discuss having virtual presenters in virtual environments that present information to visitors of these environments. Some current research is surveyed and we will look in particular to our research in the context of a virtual meeting room where a virtual presenter uses speech, gestures, pointing

  14. Proposed tandem mirror research program for FY87 presented to the MFAC subcommittee on mirror research, July 8-9, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have reexamined the goal of approx.1013 cm-3 central-cell density with end-plugging and reconfirmed its importance as a test of thermal barrier end-plugging performance in either Tara or TMX-U. We conclude that, when all factors are considered including the impact on other programs interlinked with LLNL in the present OFE budget, the lowest cost approach to have a fair chance to meet this goal is to extend Tara operation for the full FY87. Continuation of TMX-U operation in FY87, in addition to the full year of Tara operation, would greatly improve the chance of success. Continuation of the mirror program into FY88 and beyond would be based on an experimental program in TMX-U and Tara at a minimum budget level of $25M/y, with restart of MFTF-B requiring an increase in the national fusion budget. The experimental program to be investigated by TMX-U and Tara would include improvement in the mgnetic geometry (stability, beta limits, and transport), continued plug studies (longer pulse length, impurities, drift pumping, and ECH efficiency), and transport studies (chi/sub e/, fueling, and halo formation)

  15. SIRTF Cycle-1 Research Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soifer, B. T.; Bicay, M. D.

    2003-12-01

    The Space InfraRed Telescope Facility (SIRTF), the fourth and final element in NASA's family of Great Observatories, was successfully launched into an Earth-trailing heliocentric orbit on August 25, 2003. The SIRTF Science Center (SSC) at Caltech is now soliciting Cycle-1 research proposals from the worldwide scientific community. Proposals must be submitted electronically to the SSC by February 14, 2004. A preliminary version of the Cycle-1 Call for Proposals (CP) was issued by the SSC in November 2002. A CP Update and supporting technical documentation, which incorporates the on-orbit performance of the observatory, were released in December 2003. Investigations may be proposed for new SIRTF observations, through the General Observer (GO) program, or for archival research. About 3700 hours of observing time is being offered for the Cycle-1 GO Program, in small (less than 50 hours) and medium (50 to 200 hours) categories. More than \\15 million in NASA data analysis support is available to qualified GO investigators. For GO proposals, a detailed list of proposed observations, generated by the SIRTF Planning Observations Tool, must accompany the research proposal. The Archival Research (AR) Program in Cycle-1 is limited to the analysis of data from the First-Look Survey, a 100-hour program to be executed by the SSC at the start of the science mission. Up to \\750,000 in NASA data analysis support is available to qualified AR investigators. All documents supporting the Cycle-1 solicitation are available online in the Proposal Kit section of the SSC public Web site (http://sirtf.caltech.edu/SSC/). Questions pertaining to the Cycle-1 CP should be sent electronically to the SSC HelpDesk at sirtf@ipac.caltech.edu. SIRTF is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA.

  16. Summary of papers presented at the conference "models and monetary policy: research in the tradition of Dale Henderson, Richard Porter, and Peter Tinsley"

    OpenAIRE

    Jon Faust; Athanasios Orphanides; David L. Reifschneider

    2004-01-01

    On March 26 and 27, 2004, the Federal Reserve Board held a conference in Washington, D.C., on the application of economic models to the analysis of monetary policy issues. The papers presented at the conference addressed several topics that, because they are of interest to central bankers, have been a prominent feature of Federal Reserve research over the years. In particular, the papers represent research in the tradition of work carried out over the past thirty-five years at the Federal Res...

  17. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) in development cooperation. A presentation of development challenges and research issues in developing countries and donor agencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristoffersen, Harald

    1997-12-31

    This document discusses some development challenges and research needs related to environmental impact assessment (EIA) in development cooperation. After a general introduction to basic principles of EIA, the document deals with some general conditions for EIA in developing countries and in donor agencies. Through a presentation of experiences with EIA from selected donor agencies (with emphasis on NORAD) the report ends up with focusing on some research issues that may come up with recommendations for improving EIA practices in developing countries and donor agencies. 37 refs., 6 figs., 3 refs.

  18. Present status and future plan of research and development in JAEA on partitioning and transmutation technology for long-lived nuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting research and development (R and D) on partitioning and transmutation (P and T) technology for long-lived nuclides in accordance with the Atomic Energy Commission's Research and Development of Technologies for Partitioning and Transmutation of Long-lived Nuclides - Status and Evaluation Report' issued in 2000. The present report reviews the progress of the investigation on the benefit and the cost of the P and T technology, the international trend of R and D, the progress and the future plan of R and D on the partitioning process and the transmutation cycle technology, together with the necessary infrastructure improvement including the Transmutation Experimental Facility as the Phase-II of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). (author)

  19. Consumer attitudes and decision-making with regard to genetically engineered food products: A review of the literature and a presentation of models for future research

    OpenAIRE

    Bredahl, Lone; Klaus G. Grunert; Frewer, Lynn

    1998-01-01

    Executive summary 1. Few studies have to date explained consumer attitudes and purchase decisions with regard to genetically engineered food products. However, the increased marketing of genetically engineered food products and the considerable concern that consumers seem to express with regard to the technology call for the development of a theoretical basis for research into these issues. 2. The aim of the paper is to present three models which we have developed to explain consumer attitude...

  20. "FACILS 2014: Microbially-driven facilitation systems in environmental biotechnology" (hereafter "FACILS") presented here by the European Commission (EC)-United States (US) Task Force on Biotechnology Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Methe, Barbara

    2016-02-03

    As we enter the 21st century, the sustainability of the biosphere is a global challenge that can best be met with a global response. This includes how we train and promote our next generation of research scientists in the emerging arenas of genome-enabled biology and a bio-based economy. It is this fundamental issue that formed the motivation for designing and conducting a shortcourse entitled “FACILIS 2014: Microbially-driven facilitation systems in environmental biotechnology” (hereafter “FACILIS”) presented here by the European Commission (EC)-United States (US) Task Force on Biotechnology Research. This WG was established in 1994 under the umbrella of the US-EC Task Force on Biotechnology Research, a transatlantic collaborative group overseen by the US Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and the EC. The Environmental Biotechnology Working Group maintains several goals, including establishing research links between scientists in EU countries and the US and fostering the careers of junior scientists from both sides of the Atlantic to the global nature of scientific cooperation. To that end, a shortcourse was held at the University of Milan in Italy on July 12-25 2014 organized around cross-cutting themes of genomic science and designed to attract a stellar group of interdisciplinary early carrier researchers. A total of 22 students, 10 from the US and 12 from the EU participated. The course provided them with hands-on experience with the latest scientific methods in genomics and bioinformatics; using a format that combines lectures, laboratory research and field work with the final goal to enable researchers to finally turn data into knowledge.

  1. Caution and Warning Alarm Design and Evaluation for NASA CEV Auditory Displays: SHFE Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRPP) report 12.07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begault, Durand R.; Godfroy, Martine; Sandor, Aniko; Holden, Kritina

    2008-01-01

    The design of caution-warning signals for NASA s Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) and other future spacecraft will be based on both best practices based on current research and evaluation of current alarms. A design approach is presented based upon cross-disciplinary examination of psychoacoustic research, human factors experience, aerospace practices, and acoustical engineering requirements. A listening test with thirteen participants was performed involving ranking and grading of current and newly developed caution-warning stimuli under three conditions: (1) alarm levels adjusted for compliance with ISO 7731, "Danger signals for work places - Auditory Danger Signals", (2) alarm levels adjusted to an overall 15 dBA s/n ratio and (3) simulated codec low-pass filtering. Questionnaire data yielded useful insights regarding cognitive associations with the sounds.

  2. Consumer attitudes and decision-making with regard to genetically engineered food products: A review of the literature and a presentation of models for future research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredahl, Lone; Grunert, Klaus G.; Frewer, Lynn

    Executive summary 1. Few studies have to date explained consumer attitudes and purchase decisions with regard to genetically engineered food products. However, the increased marketing of genetically engineered food products and the considerable concern that consumers seem to express with regard...... to the technology call for the development of a theoretical basis for research into these issues. 2. The aim of the paper is to present three models which we have developed to explain consumer attitudes, buying behaviour and attitude change with regard to genetically engineered food products. All three models build...... on established consumer behaviour theory and on existing and comparable research in the field. 3. Consumer attitudes toward genetic engineering in food products are explained in an attitude model that builds on Fishbein's multiattribute attitude model. The model deviates from Fishbein's model in a number of ways...

  3. Consumer attitudes and decision-making with regard to genetically engineered food products: A review of the literature and a presentation of models for future research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredahl, Lone; Grunert, Klaus G.; Frewer, Lynn

    1998-01-01

    Executive summary 1. Few studies have to date explained consumer attitudes and purchase decisions with regard to genetically engineered food products. However, the increased marketing of genetically engineered food products and the considerable concern that consumers seem to express with regard...... to the technology call for the development of a theoretical basis for research into these issues. 2. The aim of the paper is to present three models which we have developed to explain consumer attitudes, buying behaviour and attitude change with regard to genetically engineered food products. All three models build...... on established consumer behaviour theory and on existing and comparable research in the field. 3. Consumer attitudes toward genetic engineering in food products are explained in an attitude model that builds on Fishbein's multiattribute attitude model. The model deviates from Fishbein's model in a number of ways...

  4. September 2002 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R

    2002-09-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at NASA Ames Research Center on September 23, 2002. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss technical details on the experimental and computational work in progress and future project plans. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE)/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center (NASA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Freightliner, and Portland State University participated in the meeting. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items. The meeting began with an introduction by the Project Lead Rose McCallen of LLNL, where she emphasized that the world energy consumption is predicted to relatively soon exceed the available resources (i.e., fossil, hydro, non-breeder fission). This short fall is predicted to begin around the year 2050. Minimizing vehicle aerodynamic drag will significantly reduce our Nation's dependence on foreign oil resources and help with our world-wide fuel shortage. Rose also mentioned that educating the populace and researchers as to our world energy issues is important and that our upcoming United Engineering Foundation (UEF) Conference on ''The Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles: Trucks, Busses, and Trains'' was one way our DOE Consortium was doing this. Mentioned were the efforts of Fred Browand from USC in organizing and attracting internationally recognized speakers to the Conference. Rose followed with an overview of the DOE project goals, deliverables, and FY03 activities. The viewgraphs are attached at the end of this

  5. Quality of qualitative research in the health sciences: Analysis of the common criteria present in 58 assessment guidelines by expert users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago-Delefosse, M; Gavin, A; Bruchez, C; Roux, P; Stephen, S L

    2016-01-01

    The number of qualitative research methods has grown substantially over the last thirty years, both in social sciences and, more recently, in health sciences. This growth came with questions on the quality criteria needed to evaluate this work, and numerous guidelines were published. These guidelines, however, include many discrepancies, both in terms of vocabulary and structure. Many expert evaluators also decry the absence of consensual and reliable evaluation tools. To address this gap, we present the results of an evaluation of 58 existing guidelines in four major health science fields (medicine and epidemiology; nursing and health education; social sciences and public health; psychology/psychiatry, research methods and organization) by expert (n = 16) and peer (n = 40) users (e.g., article reviewers, experts allocating funds, editors). This research was conducted between 2011 and 2014 at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. Experts met during three workshops spread over this period. A series of 12 consensual essential criteria, along with definitions, stemmed from a question in a semi-qualitative evaluation questionnaire that we developed. Although there is consensus on the name of the criteria, we highlight limitations on the ability to compare specific definitions of criteria across health science fields. We conclude that each criterion must be explained to come to broader consensus and identify definitions that are easily operational and consensual to all fields examined.

  6. 儿童热舒适研究现状及展望%Present Research Situation and Prospect of Thermal Comfort for Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思芸; 杨李宁; 王勇

    2015-01-01

    Children's thermal comfort research is related to children's physical and mental health development. In view of the present research situation, thermal comfort model was summarized to improve the research method for children, as well as the evaluation index of adaptive model. Based on the difference of thermal sensation and adaptive temperature between children and adults, the two type of testing are analyzed. Furthermore, prospect of thermal comfort for children are also recommended.%儿童的热舒适研究涉及儿童身心的健康发展。针对目前的研究现状,总结了适合儿童的热舒适研究模型的完善方法以及评价指标的适应性问题。基于儿童的实际热感觉与适宜性温度与成人的差异,分析了适应儿童的两种测试方式,并提出了以后儿童热舒适的研究方向。

  7. CATCHY PRESENTATIONS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kaare; Tollestrup, Christian; Ovesen, Nis

    2011-01-01

    An important competence for designers is the ability to communicate and present ideas and proposals for customers, partners, investors and colleagues. The Pecha Kucha principle, developed by Astrid Klein and Mark Dytham, has become a widely used and easy format for the presentation of new concepts...... and ideas in many areas and avoiding “Death by Powerpoint”. This paper discusses the need and tools for making short presentations and describes the result from a business development project where engineering graduate students in architecture and design used the Pecha Kucha format to present...

  8. Poster Presentations

    OpenAIRE

    TextRelease

    2010-01-01

    Grey Literature in Engineering Sciences and Technology and its use pattern in the research institutions in India: The case study of the Karnataka State; Awareness Not Genre Matters: Findings from a Case Study of the Scientific Grey Literature of an Inter-governmental Organization; Delivering Grey Literature with a “Books by Mail” Lending Library; Circulation Improvement of Articles in Journals written by Non-English Language – Development of a Special Journal Titles Translation List...

  9. 盆底功能障碍性疾病的基础研究现状%Basic research present situation of pelvic floor dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志红; 胡小玲

    2016-01-01

    Pelvic floor dysfunction is a kind of common gynecological diseases because of the pelvic floor support structure damage,defect and dysfunction,which is the result of joint action of many factors.In this paper,the basic research present situation of pelvic floor dysfunction is elaborated.%盆底功能障碍性疾病是由盆底支持结构损伤、缺陷与功能障碍造成的一种常见妇科疾病,系多种因素共同作用的结果。本文对盆底功能障碍性疾病的基础研究现状进行阐述。

  10. The Present Research and Prospect of Electrochemical Micro Machining Technology%微细电解加工技术研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王贺宾; 郭钟宁; 罗红平

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarizes the present research and trend of electrochemical micro machining (ECM M ), including the fundamental theories of ECM M, electrochemical micro machining technology and equipments of ECM M, influence factors of electrochemical micro machining and monitoring and controlling of the gap between tool cathode and workpiece anode,and key technology and development in the future.%对近年来微细电解加工领域的研究现状和发展趋势进行了概述,包括微细电解加工的基础理论、微细电解加工技术和加工装置、影响因素与极间间隙检测控制,以及关键技术和今后的发展方向.

  11. Present and future research directions of detection of asbestos fibers%石棉纤维检测的现状与未来研究方向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐小茗; 高源; 李艳秋; 戚佳琳; 高玫; 蔡发

    2012-01-01

    石棉纤维耐温性能好,化学性质稳定,是一种优异的工业材料,因此被广泛应用于化工等诸多领域.但是,石棉纤维能够污染大气、食物和水体,如果被呼吸到人体内,还会危害人的健康.因此,调查和研究石棉纤维的检测方法是非常必要的.本文将对石棉纤维检测的现状和未来研究方向加以概述,并为建立快速有效的检测方法提供依据.%Asbestos fibers were widely used in chemical and many other fields as an excellent industrial material for its good temperature resistance and stable chemical properties. However, atmosphere, food and water body could be polluted by asbestos fibers; human health would be endangered by breathing into the human body. Therefore, Asbestos fiber detection methods that had been investigated and researched were necessary. Asbestos fibers present and future research directions were summarized and a basis of a rapid and effective detection method was provided in the article.

  12. 民用飞机鸟撞研究现状%Investigation of the Present Status of Research on Bird Impacting on Commercial Airplanes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉龙; 石霄鹏

    2012-01-01

    Bird impact accidents pose one of the biggest risks to civil aviation, which consequently become one of the focuses of research. An investigation of the status of bird impacting on commercial airplanes is presented in this paper. The losses caused by bird impact accidents in recent years are enumerated and the regulations about bird impacting on commercial airplanes in different countries are reviewed. The three aspects of theoretical investigation,numerical simulation and experimental study for bird impact are introduced in detail and a number of designs of aeronautical structures against bird impact accidents in recent years are presented. Finally, prospects in future bird impact research are proposed.%鸟撞事故是近年来对民用航空威胁较大的事故之一,民用飞机鸟撞研究已经渐渐成为各国学者研究的新热点.本文详细介绍了民用飞机鸟撞研究的现状.总结了近年来鸟撞事故所造成的损失,列举了一些航空大国的航空管理部门针对鸟撞作出的适航管理规定.对于鸟撞问题的研究,从鸟撞过程的理论分析研究、数值模拟研究和试验研究3个方面进行了综述.对于近些年国内外的飞机抗鸟撞设计,主要包括新材料的运用以及新的结构形式的运用,进行了详细介绍.最后,对未来民用飞机抗鸟撞研究的发展作了展望.

  13. Lecture Presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Symposium on Physics of Elementary Interactions in the LHC Era held in Warsaw from 21 to 22 April 2008. The main subject of the workshop was to present the progress in CERN LHC collider project. Additionally some satellite activities in field of education, knowledge and technology transfer in the frame of CERN - Poland cooperation were shown

  14. Voting Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Lo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available During his time as a state senator in Illinois, Barack Obama voted “Present” 129 times, a deliberate act of nonvoting that subsequently became an important campaign issue during the 2008 presidential elections. In this article, I examine the use of Present votes in the Illinois state senate. I find evidence that Present votes can largely be characterized as protest votes used as a legislative tool by the minority party. Incorporating information from Present votes into a Bayesian polytomous item-response model, I find that this information increases the efficiency of ideal point estimates by approximately 35%. There is little evidence of significant moderation by Obama when Present votes are accounted for, though my results suggest that Obama’s voting record may have moderated significantly before his subsequent election to the U.S. Senate. My results also suggest that because legislative nonvoting may occur for a variety of reasons, naive inclusion of nonvoting behavior into vote choice models may lead to biased results.

  15. [Literature review and presentation of our own research results regarding the effects on bone of tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib and nilotinib used in the treatment of oncohematological diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner, Gyöngyi; Balla, Bernadett; Kósa, János; Horváth, Péter; Kövesdi, Andrea; Lakatos, Gergely; Takács, István; Nagy, Zsolt; Tóbiás, Bálint; Árvai, Kristóf; Lakatos, Péter

    2016-09-01

    Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are widely used for treatment of certain oncohematological diseases. Several clinical studies have confirmed that specific BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors alter the physiological process of bone tissue in a complex and unclearly identified manner. Since these treatments are being given to more and more patients, and the therapy takes decades or lasts even lifelong, it is justifiable to obtain more detailed knowledge of the molecular background of these mechanisms. In this article the authors summarize preliminary research results and human clinical observations on imatinib and nilotinib which are related to bone metabolism, and present the results of their own experiments in in vitro osteoblast cultures. Based on the presented results, the effects of imatinib and nilotinib on bone cells depend on the concentration of imatinib and nilotinib, the maturation stage of the cells and the distribution ratio of receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways. In this study the authors firstly prepared a stop-gap, comprehensive review in the Hungarian literature, regarding the effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on bone metabolism. In addition they firstly performed whole transcriptome analysis on osteoblasts in order to obtain a better understanding of the cellular molecular mechanisms. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(36), 1429-1437. PMID:27596510

  16. Present Situation of Research and Development of Solar Thermal Power Generation System%太阳能热发电系统的研究开发现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静静; 杨帆; 金以明

    2012-01-01

    太阳能热发电是一种很有发展前景的大规模太阳能利用技术。介绍和分析了国内外塔式、槽式、碟式等太阳能热发电技术的研究状况,分析了这些技术的优缺点以及一些改进方案。结合我国国情,指出了我国太阳能热发电所面临的问题及挑战;根据我国可再生能源发展规划,分析了我国太阳能热发电技术的发展前景。%Solar thermal power technology is a promising power generation technology to develop and utilize solar energy in a large style. Based on the present situation of solar thermal power generation, The power-tower and trough-based and dish-engine systems are briefly introduced, including their domestic and foreign research present situation. Technology improvement is proposed. Finally, considering the situation of our country, the challenge for development of Solar thermal power generation is pointed. Development plan under new national policy is given.

  17. Presentations provided

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following topics covered in detail at the workshop included: temperature instrumentation; pressure instrumentation; in-situ calibration and response time testing of RTDs and pressure transmitters; on-line performance monitoring and preventive maintenance of critical equipment; automated measurement of critical parameters; nuclear power plant infrastructure, management and Quality Assurance issues and recent developments for WWER and RBMK reactors. Conclusions drawn were: aging can adversely affect the performance of nuclear plant pressure transmitters; current testing interval of once in every fuel cycle is adequate for aging management; in-situ response time measurements and on-line calibration testing methods have been developed and validated for nuclear plant pressure transmitters; NUREG/CR-5851 should be taken into account for details of aging research on pressure transmitters

  18. Technical presentation

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    10 March 2010 DYNEOS 10:00 – 12:00 - Main Building, Room B, 61-1-009 Dyneos AG is active in the fields of photonics, laser and high-precision positioning. Our highly qualified engineer team has more than 30 years of experience in electro-optical solutions sales. The engineers are supported by a technical and administrative team. We are focused on the Swiss market and represent six suppliers (Coherent, PI Physik Instrumente, SIOS, Nanonics Imaging, APE, Ekspla) in order to give a qualified sales and service support to our customers. Our products are dedicated to the research field as well as to industry. In addition to standard catalog products, we offer custom designs to fulfill the specific needs of OEM customers or specific applications.

  19. Technical presentation

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    RADIOSPARES, the leading catalogue distributor of components (electronic, electrical, automation, etc.) and industrial supplies will be at CERN on Friday 3 October 2008 (Main Building, Room B, from 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.) to introduce its new 2008/2009 catalogue. This will be the opportunity for us to present our complete range of products in more detail: 400 000 part numbers available on our web site (Radiospares France, RS International, extended range of components from other manufacturers); our new services: quotations, search for products not included in the catalogue, SBP products (Small Batch Production: packaging in quantities adapted to customers’ requirements); partnership with our focus manufacturers; demonstration of the on-line purchasing tool implemented on our web site in conjunction with CERN. RADIOSPARES will be accompanied by representatives of FLUKE and TYCO ELECTRONICS, who will make presentations, demonstrate materials and answer any technical questio...

  20. Overview Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lytle, John

    2001-01-01

    This report provides an overview presentation of the 2000 NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) Review and Planning Meeting. Topics include: 1) a background of the program; 2) 1999 Industry Feedback; 3) FY00 Status, including resource distribution and major accomplishments; 4) FY01 Major Milestones; and 5) Future direction for the program. Specifically, simulation environment/production software and NPSS CORBA Security Development are discussed.

  1. 光伏计量现状和发展方向的研究及展望%Present Situation, Research Trend and Prospect of Photovoltaic Measurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建功

    2012-01-01

    The present situation of photovoltaic measurement is that the national standards arc not latest international standards; the value Iraccability system is still to be established; PV product exporters lack of proper rights on measurement which damages industry economic interests and image; there is not enough measurement basic guarantee for the win-win mutual benefit between domestic PV products supplier and photovoltaic power station oporator.Photovoltaic measurement of research should based on the feature of PV product usage under natural sunlight. The research trend of photovoltaic measurement is to research natural sunshine measurement,the calibration method and calibration device of the sun simulator, reference solar devices, spectral rcsponsie, spectral match and related quantity value. With the govement guidance on domestic PV industry application expansion there will be a good prospect of photovoltaic measurement.%光伏计量的现状是未及时采用闲际标准的新版本作为嘲家标准,嫩值溯源体系尚待建立完善,光伏产品出口的计量话语权缺失使得产业经济利益和形象受损害,圜内光伏产品供应方和光伏电站运营方的共赢互利缺乏计量慕础保障。光伏计量应根据光伏产晶在自然阳光下使用的特点进行研究,应研究自然阳光测量,研究参考太阳能装嚣的校准方法和校准装鬣,研究光谱响应度、光谱匹配度以及相关最值校准方法和校准装鼹。我国政府引导光伏产业扩展国内应用,光伏计最将有美好前景。

  2. Technical presentation

    CERN Multimedia

    FP Department

    2009-01-01

    07 April 2009 Technical presentation by Leuze Electronics: 14.00 – 15.00, Main Building, Room 61-1-017 (Room A) Photoelectric sensors, data identification and transmission systems, image processing systems. We at Leuze Electronics are "the sensor people": we have been specialising in optoelectronic sensors and safety technology for accident prevention for over 40 years. Our dedicated staff are all highly customer oriented. Customers of Leuze Electronics can always rely on one thing – on us! •\tFounded in 1963 •\t740 employees •\t115 MEUR turnover •\t20 subsidiaries •\t3 production facilities in southern Germany Product groups: •\tPhotoelectric sensors •\tIdentification and measurements •\tSafety devices

  3. 宁夏回族华侨华人社会与现状初探%Preliminary Research on the Present Situation of Overseas Chinese Hui of Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁莉莉

    2012-01-01

    文章首先对少数民族华侨华人概念界定、回族华侨华人概况加以阐释,继而通过大量实地调研材料,梳理了宁夏回族华侨华人形成的历史轨迹、社会现状、国外分布与特点,并对宁夏归侨和侨属的状况及政府侨务工作进行了一定的探讨。%First, this paper gives a definition for overseas Chinese ethnic minorities and an overview ot tne gen- eral situation of Hui overseas Chinese. Second, it traces the historical formation, present situation and the oversea distribution and characteristics of Ningxia overseas Hui Chinese by exploring the large body of field research materi- al. Last, it discusses the situation of returning overseas Chinese and their relatives and the affairs concerning nation- als living abroad.

  4. 虚拟人情绪模型研究的现状和问题%The present situation and problems with research of a virtual human' s emotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘箴; 柴艳杰

    2012-01-01

    Emotion experience can effectively enhance the interest of users for virtual reality; emotion design for a virtual human is becoming a core technology in building a virtual environment, although the current emotion model of virtual humans is still in a preliminary stage. The previous research on emotion models was reviewed in this paper, and some unsettled problems of the emotion model were discussed. Based on the relative research on emotion models and the achievements of cognitive science, a new idea of building an emotion model was presented for the purpose of improving the efficiency of emotion design for a virtual human. A virtual human's emotion state can be controlled by an emotion model, which has perception, motivation, emotion, and personality while showing appropriate autonomous emotions in a virtual environment. Emotion design software can integrate the soft-computing theory and human-computer interaction technology, providing an efficient tool for the establishment of human-oriented graphics interfaces.%情绪体验能够有效地提高虚拟现实系统用户的兴趣,虚拟人的情绪设计正成为构建虚拟环境的一项核心技术,目前的虚拟人情绪模型仍然处于初级阶段.综述了情绪模型的研究,讨论了情绪模型尚未解决的问题.根据情绪模型相关研究和认知科学的成果,提出了建立虚拟人情绪模型的一种新思,其目标是提高虚拟人情绪设计的效率,虚拟人的情绪状态通过情绪模型来控制,虚拟人可以具有感知、动机、情绪、个性,并可在虚拟环境中表现出恰当的自主情绪.情绪设计软件可以融合软计算理论和人机交互技术,为建立人性化的图形界面提供一种高效工具.

  5. Risk factors and outcomes for late presentation for HIV-positive persons in Europe: results from the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe Study (COHERE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Mocroft

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Few studies have monitored late presentation (LP of HIV infection over the European continent, including Eastern Europe. Study objectives were to explore the impact of LP on AIDS and mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: LP was defined in Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE as HIV diagnosis with a CD4 count <350/mm(3 or an AIDS diagnosis within 6 months of HIV diagnosis among persons presenting for care between 1 January 2000 and 30 June 2011. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with LP and Poisson regression to explore the impact on AIDS/death. 84,524 individuals from 23 cohorts in 35 countries contributed data; 45,488 were LP (53.8%. LP was highest in heterosexual males (66.1%, Southern European countries (57.0%, and persons originating from Africa (65.1%. LP decreased from 57.3% in 2000 to 51.7% in 2010/2011 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.96; 95% CI 0.95-0.97. LP decreased over time in both Central and Northern Europe among homosexual men, and male and female heterosexuals, but increased over time for female heterosexuals and male intravenous drug users (IDUs from Southern Europe and in male and female IDUs from Eastern Europe. 8,187 AIDS/deaths occurred during 327,003 person-years of follow-up. In the first year after HIV diagnosis, LP was associated with over a 13-fold increased incidence of AIDS/death in Southern Europe (adjusted incidence rate ratio [aIRR] 13.02; 95% CI 8.19-20.70 and over a 6-fold increased rate in Eastern Europe (aIRR 6.64; 95% CI 3.55-12.43. CONCLUSIONS: LP has decreased over time across Europe, but remains a significant issue in the region in all HIV exposure groups. LP increased in male IDUs and female heterosexuals from Southern Europe and IDUs in Eastern Europe. LP was associated with an increased rate of AIDS/deaths, particularly in the first year after HIV diagnosis, with significant variation across Europe. Earlier and more widespread testing

  6. Researching research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2012-01-01

    We discuss contemporary theories in mathematics education in order to do research on research. Our strategy consists of analysing discursively and ideologically recent key publications addressing the role of theory in mathematics education research. We examine how the field fabricates its object...... of research by deploying Foucault’s notion of bio-politics - mainly to address the object “learning” - and Žižek’s ideology critique - to address the object “mathematics”. These theories, which have already been used in the field to research teaching and learning, have a great potential to contribute...... to a reflexivity of research on its discourses and effects. Furthermore, they enable us to present a clear distinction between what has been called the sociopolitical turn in mathematics education research and what we call a positioning of mathematics education (research) practices in the Political....

  7. 中国自然保护区研究的现状与展望%Present conditions and prospects of the researches on nature reserves in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑朝贵; 朱诚

    2004-01-01

    The construction of nature reserves in China is reviewed in this paper,mainly including the number,type,administration and distribution of nature reserves,the progress in research on biodiversity,evaluation,management,sustainable development of nature reserves in China is summarized briefly,and some development tendencies of research on nature reserves are put forward.

  8. Fostering oral presentation performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ginkel, van Stan; Gulikers, Judith; Biemans, Harm; Mulder, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Previous research revealed significant differences in the effectiveness of various feedback sources for encouraging students’ oral presentation performance. While former studies emphasised the superiority of teacher feedback, it remains unclear whether the quality of feedback actually differs bet

  9. The Persistence of Presentism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    Background/Context: This study draws on the voluminous research on teachers' workplace orientations and especially on Dan Lortie's documentation of conservatism, individualism, and presentism among teachers. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This study investigated a school reform network of over 300 secondary schools entitled…

  10. Summary of research conducted by the University of Missouri Gaylord Labs on the Monte Vista/Alamosa National Wildlife Refuges : Fall of 1996 through present.

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This summary of research is in response to a lawsuit levied against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by non-governmental organizations, a study was initiated by...

  11. Present status of research on efficacy of quarantine treatment for horticultural crops in the USA with special reference to the use of irradiation as a potential quarantine treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research on efficacy of quarantine treatments for horticultural crops has been conducted in the United States of America by scientists of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), and by scientists in various state research organizations for many years. ARS scientists have been investigating effectiveness of fumigation using volatile chemicals such as ethylene dibromide, methyl bromide, phosphine and others; physical methods including cold, heat, modified atmosphere and gamma irradiation; and biological methods such as host susceptibility and host inspection as treatments for commodities infested by fruit flies and other pests. ARS and state scientists are studying possible adverse effects of such treatments on the commodities. This research also involves cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, Sandia Laboratories, CH2M Hill, and Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories. (author)

  12. Dissertation presented by Denis Biard to obtain the national diploma of Accreditation to supervise research of the Paris-Sud 11 University

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report, the author gives an overview of his research activities in the field of cellular and molecular biology, from genetic toxicology to radiobiology. After his first works on a test of in vivo DNA repair, and the investigation of DNA de-methylating agents, his researches addressed the HSAkin17 human protein (its gene and its transcription, its over-expression; its radiosensitivity, and so on), and the RNA interference on a very long term

  13. Recent trends in surgical research of cancer treatment in the elderly, with a primary focus on lung cancer: Presentation at the 2015 annual meeting of SIOG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Katherine W; Bravo-Iñiguez, Carlos E; Jacobson, Francine L; Jaklitsch, Michael T

    2016-09-01

    Surgical research concentrating on cancer in the elderly has changed from small single institution outcome studies of carefully selected patients to larger studies that test specific aspects of surgical selection, treatment, and outcome. The purpose of this paper is to review major new trends in surgical geriatric oncology research within the last decade. Reviewing PubMed listings of the last 10years reveals several identifiable areas of particular concentration. Although we use specific studies primarily from lung cancer treatment, the generalizations can be seen across the spectrum of geriatric cancers. These trends include screening for disease that can be successfully treated, integration of operative and non-operative therapies that are changing the indications for surgery, the use of prehabilitation to allow more borderline frail patients to be treated surgically, the use of rehabilitation to facilitate rapid and complete recovery, prevention and treatment of common morbidities, with a special recent focus on delirium and cognitive impairment. New areas of surgical research include research on team building in the OR and ICU. Recent surgical research is becoming quantitative and multi-institutionally based. Overall surgical mortality has dropped over the past 25years in both academic and community hospitals. Prevention of morbidity and loss of functional status is a major focus of research. Funding for new Quality Assurance Projects for elderly patients has been awarded to the American College of Surgeons, and should provide multi-institutional quality outcome data within 5years. PMID:27460994

  14. Towards a transnational system of supersites for forest monitoring and research in Europe - an overview on present state and future recommendations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, R.; Aas, W.; De Vries, W.;

    2011-01-01

    in October 2010 in Rome, reveal valuable results from different European forest monitoring and research networks. However, the need for closer integration of these activities is obvious. In this paper, representatives from major European networks recommend a new approach for forest monitoring and research...... in Europe, based on a reasonable number of highly instrumented “supersites” and a larger number of intensive monitoring plots linked to these. This system needs to be built on existing infrastructures but requires increased coordination, harmonisation and a joint long term platform for data exchange...

  15. The European general practice research network presents the translations of its comprehensive definition of multimorbidity in family medicine in ten European languages.

    OpenAIRE

    Le Reste, Jean Yves; Nabbe, Patrice; Rivet, Charles; Lygidakis, Charilaos; Doerr, Christa; Czachowski, Slawomir; Lingner, Heidrun; Argyriadou, Stella; Lazic, Djurdjica; Assenova, Radost; Hasaganic, Melida; Munoz, Miquel Angel; Thulesius, Hans; Le Floch, Bernard; Derriennic, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    Multimorbidity, according to the World Health Organization, exists when there are two or more chronic conditions in one patient. This definition seems inaccurate for the holistic approach to Family Medicine (FM) and long-term care. To avoid this pitfall the European General Practitioners Research Network (EGPRN) designed a comprehensive definition of multimorbidity using a systematic literature review.

  16. Achieving the "triple aim" for inborn errors of metabolism: a review of challenges to outcomes research and presentation of a new practice-based evidence framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Beth K; Chakraborty, Pranesh; Kronick, Jonathan B; Wilson, Kumanan; Coyle, Doug; Feigenbaum, Annette; Geraghty, Michael T; Karaceper, Maria D; Little, Julian; Mhanni, Aizeddin; Mitchell, John J; Siriwardena, Komudi; Wilson, Brenda J; Syrowatka, Ania

    2013-06-01

    Across all areas of health care, decision makers are in pursuit of what Berwick and colleagues have called the "triple aim": improving patient experiences with care, improving health outcomes, and managing health system impacts. This is challenging in a rare disease context, as exemplified by inborn errors of metabolism. There is a need for evaluative outcomes research to support effective and appropriate care for inborn errors of metabolism. We suggest that such research should consider interventions at both the level of the health system (e.g., early detection through newborn screening, programs to provide access to treatments) and the level of individual patient care (e.g., orphan drugs, medical foods). We have developed a practice-based evidence framework to guide outcomes research for inborn errors of metabolism. Focusing on outcomes across the triple aim, this framework integrates three priority themes: tailoring care in the context of clinical heterogeneity; a shift from "urgent care" to "opportunity for improvement"; and the need to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of emerging and established therapies. Guided by the framework, a new Canadian research network has been established to generate knowledge that will inform the design and delivery of health services for patients with inborn errors of metabolism and other rare diseases. PMID:23222662

  17. Using Nikola Tesla's Story and His Experiments as Presented in the Film "The Prestige" to Promote Scientific Inquiry: A Report of an Action Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Garganourakis, Vassilios

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on an action research project undertaken with the primary aim of investigating the extent to which situations that evoke a sense of wonder can promote scientific inquiry. Given the intense interest, curiosity, and wonder that some students had begun to develop after seeing the film "The Prestige", a science teacher used this…

  18. Psychological aspects of driver behaviour : papers presented at the international symposium on psychological aspects of driver behaviour, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, August 2-6, 1971. Volume 1: Driver behaviour. Volume 2: Applied research.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    1971-01-01

    The object of the symposium was to improve the communication between the field af driving task research, bomen performance theory and research applied to the design of vehicle and road and to driver education. For abstracts of the papers presented at the conference see B 864 - B 913 (IRRD 205245 to

  19. The European General Practice Research Network Presents the Translations of Its Comprehensive Definition of Multimorbidity in Family Medicine in Ten European Languages

    OpenAIRE

    Jean Yves Le Reste; Patrice Nabbe; Charles Rivet; Charilaos Lygidakis; Christa Doerr; Slawomir Czachowski; Heidrun Lingner; Stella Argyriadou; Djurdjica Lazic; Radost Assenova; Melida Hasaganic; Miquel Angel Munoz; Hans Thulesius; Bernard Le Floch; Jeremy Derriennic

    2015-01-01

    Background Multimorbidity, according to the World Health Organization, exists when there are two or more chronic conditions in one patient. This definition seems inaccurate for the holistic approach to Family Medicine (FM) and long-term care. To avoid this pitfall the European General Practitioners Research Network (EGPRN) designed a comprehensive definition of multimorbidity using a systematic literature review. Objective To translate that English definition into European languages and to va...

  20. The European general practice research network presents the translations of its comprehensive definition of multimorbidity in family medicine in ten European languages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Yves Le Reste

    Full Text Available Multimorbidity, according to the World Health Organization, exists when there are two or more chronic conditions in one patient. This definition seems inaccurate for the holistic approach to Family Medicine (FM and long-term care. To avoid this pitfall the European General Practitioners Research Network (EGPRN designed a comprehensive definition of multimorbidity using a systematic literature review.To translate that English definition into European languages and to validate the semantic, conceptual and cultural homogeneity of the translations for further research.Forward translation of the EGPRN's definition of multimorbidity followed by a Delphi consensus procedure assessment, a backward translation and a cultural check with all teams to ensure the homogeneity of the translations in their national context. Consensus was defined as 70% of the scores being higher than 6. Delphi rounds were repeated in each country until a consensus was reached.229 European medical expert FPs participated in the study. Ten consensual translations of the EGPRN comprehensive definition of multimorbidity were achieved.A comprehensive definition of multimorbidity is now available in English and ten European languages for further collaborative research in FM and long-term care.

  1. Analyzing in the present

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Revsbæk, Line; Tanggaard, Lene

    2015-01-01

    the interdependency between researcher and researched. On this basis, we advocate an explicit “open-state-of mind” listening as a key aspect of analyzing qualitative material, often described only as a matter of reading transcribed empirical materials, reading theory, and writing. The article contributes......The article presents a notion of “analyzing in the present” as a source of inspiration in analyzing qualitative research materials. The term emerged from extensive listening to interview recordings during everyday commuting to university campus. Paying attention to the way different parts...... of various interviews conveyed diverse significance to the listening researcher at different times became a method of continuously opening up the empirical material in a reflexive, breakdown-oriented process of analysis. We argue that situating analysis in the present of analyzing emphasizes and acknowledges...

  2. INTERVIEWS : PRESENTING YOU

    OpenAIRE

    ブリトン, ジョセフ; Britton, Joseph

    2005-01-01

    The conclusions drawn in this paper are based upon more than 30 years of personal research along with the findings of communication firms and media consultants whose business is to influence our opinions. To quantify the success rate of implementing particular methods of interviewee presentations is a most difficult challenge often wrought with the bias of the researcher. This author has instead drawn conclusions about successful interviews based upon the fundamental questions asked by leadin...

  3. 中国生物微量元素研究的现状与展望%Trace element research in China: Present and future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王福俤

    2012-01-01

    微量元素包括铁、锌、铜、锰、硒、碘等,在机体生命活动中发挥着极其重要的生理学功能,参与蛋白质结构,并通过与蛋白质和其他有机基团结合参与酶、激素和维生素等生物大分子合成.微量元素代谢失衡会发生系列病理改变并最终导致疾病.生物微量元素研究是多学科交叉的科学研究领域,业已成为生命科学的国际研究热点.该领域发展对人类生存与健康具有重要意义.经过几代科学家的不懈努力,我国的生物微量元素研究已经从无到有,逐步取得令国际同行瞩目的科研成果,尤其近年来,我国该领域基础研究快速发展,更是相继产生了诸多高水平原创性科研成果.这种迅速发展与壮大,得益于大批海外归国优秀人才,更离不开国家和社会在科研经费和政策等方面的大力支持.简介了近年来我国生物微量元素研究领域的科学家及其主要科研成果,期望广大读者能全面了解国内生物微量元素研究现状以及可喜的发展趋势.衷心期待着中国的生物微量元素研究能有更大发展,能有更大成就.%Trace elements have a number of important physiological functions including roles in the elaboration of protein structure and in the synthesis of biological macromolecules such as enzymes, hormones, and vitamins, where they are bound to certain proteins and other organic precursors. Trace element research is an interdisciplinary area of scientific research with great importance for human survival and health. China has an historic record of developing researchers, with varied professional backgrounds, many of whom have made fundamental contributions to the field. In recent years, the pace of these contributions has accelerated, with more and more outstanding overseas researchers returning to work in China. Many excellent, original research projects have been conducted. We are proud to report the results of some of them here. The

  4. The Present Situation and Prospect of Bryophyte Research in Xinjiang%新疆苔藓植物的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张元明; 曹同; 潘伯荣

    2001-01-01

    新疆苔藓植物系统、全面的研究起步较晚。到目前为止,主要研究仅限于苔藓植物区系、形态解剖学的研究,同国内其它地区的苔藓植物区系研究尚有较大的差距。目前已记录的新疆苔藓植物有55科、163属、419种,而且昆仑山和阿尔泰山的区系研究还有待于进一步深入。尤其是在新疆苔藓植物生态学和多样性方面的研究仍处于空白状态。本文介绍了新疆苔藓植物研究的现状、存在的问题及对今后研究工作的展望。%The study of bryophyte in Xinjiang has become relatively lat e. The main research work only focus on bryophyte flora and morphological observ ation so far, and falls behind those reaserch work in some other provinces in Ch ina. The bryoflora in Xinjiang consists of 419 species belonging to 163 genera o f 55 families, while the bryoflora of Altai Mountains and Kunlun Mountains still need more investigations. Especially, the research of bryophyte ecology and bio diversity are still in blank field. This paper mainly deals with the prese nt situation, problems and prospect of bryophyte research in Xinjiang.

  5. Jorge A. Swieca's contributions to quantum field theory in the 60s and 70s and their relevance in present research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After revisiting some high points of particle physics and QFT of the two decades from 1960 to 1980, I comment on the work by Jorge Andre Swieca. I explain how it fits into the quantum field theory during these two decades and draw attention to its relevance to the ongoing particle physics research. A particular aim of this article is to draw attention to the relevance of what at the time of Swieca was called 'the Schwinger Higgs screening mechanism'. which, together with recent ideas which generalize the concept of gauge theories, have all the ingredients to revolutionize the issue of gauge theories and the standard model. (author)

  6. Jorge A. Swieca's contributions to quantum field theory in the 60's and 70's and their relevance in present research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After revisiting some high points of particle physics and QFT of the two decades from 1960 to 1980, I comment on the work by Jorge Andre Swieca. I explain how it fits into the quantum field theory during these two decades and draw attention to its relevance to the ongoing particle physics research. A particular aim of this article is to draw attention to the relevance of what at the time of Swieca was called the Schwinger Higgs screening mechanism. which, together with recent ideas which generalize the concept of gauge theories, have all the ingredients to revolutionize the issue of gauge theories and the standard model. (author)

  7. Jorge A. Swieca's contributions to quantum field theory in the 60s and 70s and their relevance in present research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroer, Bert [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Freie Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik

    2010-02-15

    After revisiting some high points of particle physics and QFT of the two decades from 1960 to 1980, I comment on the work by Jorge Andre Swieca. I explain how it fits into the quantum field theory during these two decades and draw attention to its relevance to the ongoing particle physics research. A particular aim of this article is to draw attention to the relevance of what at the time of Swieca was called 'the Schwinger Higgs screening mechanism'. which, together with recent ideas which generalize the concept of gauge theories, have all the ingredients to revolutionize the issue of gauge theories and the standard model. (author)

  8. 论旅游英语翻译研究的现状与未来发展%Present Research and Tendency of Tourism English Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海燕

    2012-01-01

    In the nearly past ten years,tourism English translation in China has been on the way to increasing development year by year.But currently the number of papers in this research field is very limited with only 1.16% of the total number of the translation area.So deep research in the tourism English translation can theoretically give guidance for tourism translation practice,and is destined to wield great influence on publicity and development of tourism.%近十年来,我国有关旅游英语翻译的研究呈现出逐年增长的趋势。然而目前,旅游翻译领域的论文数量很有限,只占翻译研究领域的1.16%。对这一领域进行深入研究可以从理论上更好地指导旅游翻译实践,必将对旅游业的宣传和发展产生深远影响。

  9. The laboratory mouse in routine food safety testing for marine algal biotoxins and harmful algal bloom toxin research: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Ian; McLeod, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Mouse bioassays have been a mainstay for detecting harmful concentrations of marine algal toxins in shellfish for over 70 years. Routine monitoring involves intraperitoneal injection of shellfish extracts into mice; shellfish contaminated with algal toxins are thus identified by mortality in exposed mice. With the advent of alternative test methods to detect and quantify specific algal toxins has come increasing criticism of enduring use of mouse bioassays for shellfish safety testing. However, the complete replacement of shellfish safety mouse bioassays by chemical, antibody-based, and functional assays has been and will continue to be a gradual process for various reasons, including skills availability and instrument costs for chromatography-based toxin monitoring. Mouse bioassays for shellfish safety testing do not comply with modern standards for laboratory animal welfare, specifically the requirement in published official methods for death as a test outcome. Mouse bioassays for algal biotoxins in shellfish, as well as fundamental algal toxin research endeavors using in vivo models, are amenable to revision and refinement from a humane endpoints perspective. Regulated hypothermia may be a useful and easily acquired nonlethal toxicological endpoint; objective determination of neuromuscular blockade may allow algal neurotoxin testing and research to enter the domain of humane endpoints evaluation. Relinquishing reliance on subjective test endpoints, including death, will likely also deliver collateral improvements in assay variability and sensitivity.

  10. 螺旋管换热技术的研究现状综述%Present Situation of the Technical Research on Spiral Tube

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小艳; 姜芳芳

    2014-01-01

    The Spiral-tube heat exchanger is widely used in refrigeration and air conditioning, heat pump, chemical engineering and many other fields. This article researches the flow characteristics of the fluid in the spiral tube, the heat transfer of the fluid and its heat transfer enhancement and flow resistance, the new type heat exchangers and the heat transfer of the external medium. The article provides a reference to the issues related to the research of thespiral-tube heat exchanger.%螺旋管换热器在制冷空调、热泵、化工等许多领域内得到了广泛应用。对螺旋管内换热流体的流动特性,螺旋管内流体的传热及其强化技术与流阻特性,新型螺旋管换热器以及螺旋管外部介质的传热特性等方面的研究现状进行了分析,为螺旋管换热器的相关问题研究提供了参考。

  11. The laboratory mouse in routine food safety testing for marine algal biotoxins and harmful algal bloom toxin research: past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Ian; McLeod, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Mouse bioassays have been a mainstay for detecting harmful concentrations of marine algal toxins in shellfish for over 70 years. Routine monitoring involves intraperitoneal injection of shellfish extracts into mice; shellfish contaminated with algal toxins are thus identified by mortality in exposed mice. With the advent of alternative test methods to detect and quantify specific algal toxins has come increasing criticism of enduring use of mouse bioassays for shellfish safety testing. However, the complete replacement of shellfish safety mouse bioassays by chemical, antibody-based, and functional assays has been and will continue to be a gradual process for various reasons, including skills availability and instrument costs for chromatography-based toxin monitoring. Mouse bioassays for shellfish safety testing do not comply with modern standards for laboratory animal welfare, specifically the requirement in published official methods for death as a test outcome. Mouse bioassays for algal biotoxins in shellfish, as well as fundamental algal toxin research endeavors using in vivo models, are amenable to revision and refinement from a humane endpoints perspective. Regulated hypothermia may be a useful and easily acquired nonlethal toxicological endpoint; objective determination of neuromuscular blockade may allow algal neurotoxin testing and research to enter the domain of humane endpoints evaluation. Relinquishing reliance on subjective test endpoints, including death, will likely also deliver collateral improvements in assay variability and sensitivity. PMID:24830147

  12. Research on Physical Condition and its Present Meaning%“身体问题”研究及其现代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐健君

    2011-01-01

    "Physical condition" is one of the important topics in the modern research of humanities and social science,it's a product of the "modernization-modernity" during the historic process of human society.This paper starts with the origin of the research on "physical condition",combs it in light of the theory of knowledge and discusses its modern meaning.Moreover,this paper reflects on the "dualism of body and mind",and probes into the possibility of "syncretism of body and mind".Lastly,the theoretic value and realistic meaning are elucidated by discussing the deep-rooted "be-and-should-be" structure on the human body through practice.%"身体问题"是现代人文科学与社会科学研究领域中的重要论题之一,是"现代化-现代性"的社会历史进程的产物,通过对"身体问题"研究的缘起、知识学传统中"身体问题"的梳理以及对这一问题的现代意义的讨论,反思身心二分的问题,探问身心合一的可能,阐明植根于劳动实践的人的身体的"是-应是"结构所具有的理论价值和现实意义。

  13. Presenting New Grammar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Cai-ling; WANG Xi

    2015-01-01

    More and more researchers have now agreed upon the necessity of teaching grammar, but it still remains controversial as how to teach the forms, with the central consideration of not to harm the meaning-focused communicative teaching method. In this essay, one of the issues in grammar teaching will be discussed as how to present new grammar to learners, through evaluating and modifying a particular presentation activity in a grammar-teaching textbook.

  14. Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desmond, M.

    2014-08-01

    As an invited guest speaker, Michael Desmond presented on NREL's NWTC structural testing methods and capabilities at the 2014 Sandia Blade Workshop held on August 26-28, 2014 in Albuquerque, NM. Although dynamometer and field testing capabilities were mentioned, the presentation focused primarily on wind turbine blade testing, including descriptions and capabilities for accredited certification testing, historical methodology and technology deployment, and current research and development activities.

  15. Thinking and research on self present theory%对自我呈现理论的思考和研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓蓓; 张晨轩

    2015-01-01

    自我呈现理论最早是由美国著名的社会学家戈夫曼提出,指的是藉由调整自己的行为给他人创造某个特殊印象的过程。在日常生活中,自我呈现也是一个常见的现象,个人良好的自我呈现不但有利于自身得到更好的发展,也有利于构建和谐社会伟大目标的实现。本文着重探讨了自我呈现的内涵和机制,动机和过程以及常见策略等,以期为个人实现良性的自我呈现提供一些参考和建议。%The present theory was first put forward by American famous sociologist Goffman, by adjusting their behavior refers to the process of creating a particular impression to others. In daily life, render itself is also a common phenomenon, personal good render themselves not only promotes the development of their own better, and conducive to the realization of great goal to build a harmonious society. This paper discusses the self presents the connotation and mechanism of motivation and process and common strategy, etc., so as to provide some references for individuals to realize benign self present and Suggestions.

  16. 河北省苔藓植物研究现状与展望%The Present Situation and Prospect of Bryophyte Research in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 王立宝; 王晓蕊; 赵建成

    2012-01-01

    在简要回顾河北省苔藓植物研究历史的基础上,重点介绍了河北省苔藓植物的研究现状,并指出了研究中存在的不足,为进一步的研究工作提出了建设性意见.%Based on the history of bryophyte study in Hebei province, the present situation was introduced in detail and the insufficiency was also pointed out.The prospect was put forward.

  17. Impact of severe ADAMTS13 deficiency on clinical presentation and outcomes in patients with thrombotic microangiopathies: the experience of the Harvard TMA Research Collaborative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendapudi, Pavan K; Li, Ang; Hamdan, Ayad; Uhl, Lynne; Kaufman, Richard; Stowell, Christopher; Dzik, Walter; Makar, Robert S

    2015-12-01

    The Harvard TMA Research Collaborative is a multi-institutional registry-based effort to study thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA). Laboratory and clinical parameters were recorded for 254 cases of suspected autoimmune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency (activity ≤10%, N = 68) were more likely to be young, female and without a history of cancer treatment or transplantation. While all patients with severe deficiency were diagnosed with autoimmune TTP, those without severe deficiency frequently had disseminated intravascular coagulation, drug-associated TMA and transplant-related TMA. Patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency had superior overall survival at 360 d compared to those without severe deficiency (93·0% vs. 47·5%, P 10% varied significantly across the institutions in our consortium (13·2-63·8%, P 10% between the three hospitals (P = 0·98). Our data show that patients with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency represent a clinically distinct cohort that responds well to TPE. In contrast, TMA without severe ADAMTS13 deficiency is associated with increased mortality that may not be influenced by TPE.

  18. The present and future of cardiac CT in research and clinical practice. Moderated discussion and scientific debate with representatives from the four main vendors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dewey, M. [Charite Berlin (Germany). Radiology; Vries, H. de [Toshiba Medical Systems Europe, Zoetermeer (Netherlands). CT; Vries, L. de [Philips Medical Systems Europe (Netherlands). CT; Haas, D. [GE Healthcare (Germany). CT; Leidecker, C. [Siemens Medical Solutions (Germany). CT

    2010-04-15

    Noninvasive imaging of the heart using computed tomography (CT) is an increasingly important diagnostic approach for patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. Coronary CT angiography has recently received great attention because it provides imaging of the coronary arteries and quantification of the coronary plaque burden with a spatial and temporal resolution not available with any other noninvasive imaging test. In this moderated scientific debate we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different technical solutions to CT imaging of the fast moving heart including its small and tortuous coronary arteries. Our discussion goes into the details of developments regarding larger Z-axis coverage (320-row volume CT, high pitch spiral acquisition), improved temporal resolution (dual-source CT, adaptive multi-segment reconstruction, and shorter gantry rotation times with air-bearing gantries), improved spatial resolution (high-definition detectors), and improved reconstruction algorithms (iterative reconstruction, cone beam reconstruction). The discussion also touches on the future technological developments that will be necessary to further improve the acceptance and widespread clinical use of cardiac CT, focusing on radiation exposure reduction and independence from heart rate. Finally, the representatives of the four main vendors explain the most important research projects regarding cardiac CT that they plan to pursue in the near future.

  19. Creating Meaningful Multimedia Presentations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hardman, L.; Ossenbruggen, J.R. van

    2006-01-01

    Finding relevant information is one step in the chain of understanding information. Presenting material to a user in a suitable way is a further step. Our research focuses on using semantic annotations of multimedia elements to increase the ”presentability” of retrieved info

  20. Application of fMRI to obesity research: differences in reward pathway activation measured with fMRI BOLD during visual presentation of high and low calorie foods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsao, Sinchai; Adam, Tanja C.; Goran, Michael I.; Singh, Manbir

    2012-03-01

    The factors behind the neural mechanisms that motivate food choice and obesity are not well known. Furthermore, it is not known when these neural mechanisms develop and how they are influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. This study uses fMRI together with clinical data to shed light on the aforementioned questions by investigating how appetite-related activation in the brain changes with low versus high caloric foods in pre-pubescent girls. Previous studies have shown that obese adults have less striatal D2 receptors and thus reduced Dopamine (DA) signaling leading to the reward-deficit theory of obesity. However, overeating in itself reduces D2 receptor density, D2 sensitivity and thus reward sensitivity. The results of this study will show how early these neural mechanisms develop and what effect the drastic endocrinological changes during puberty has on these mechanisms. Our preliminary results showed increased activations in the Putamen, Insula, Thalamus and Hippocampus when looking at activations where High Calorie > Low Calorie. When comparing High Calorie > Control and Low Calorie > Control, the High > Control test showed increased significant activation in the frontal lobe. The Low > Control also yielded significant activation in the Left and Right Fusiform Gyrus, which did not appear in the High > Control test. These results indicate that the reward pathway activations previously shown in post-puberty and adults are present in pre-pubescent teens. These results may suggest that some of the preferential neural mechanisms of reward are already present pre-puberty.

  1. 海水淡化工艺装备研发现状%Present Situation of Research and Development of Process Equipments for Seawater Desalination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世明; 刘银

    2013-01-01

    Because of free from the variations in rainfall and wide sources,seawater desalination is a feasible water resource for the shortage of fresh water.A number of desalination technologies have been considered and developed significantly during the last several decades to augment the supply of water all around the world.A seawater desalination process separates seawater into two streams:a fresh water stream and a concentrated brine stream.Although the process equipment and support technologies are mature enough to be a reliable source for fresh water from the sea,a significant amount of research and development (R&D) has been carried out in order to constantly improve the technologies and reduce the cost of desalination.Current status,practices,and advances that have been made in the realm of seawater desalination technologies were reviewed in this paper.Additionally,an overview of R&D activities and outlines future prospects for the state-of-the-art seawater desalination technologies in combination with five-year plan and general problems for process equipment was put forward.%随着全球淡水资源紧缺区域增多,在过去的数十年里淡化海水因其来源广且不受降雨影响,而成为解决淡水短缺的可行方案,并得到越来越多关注和发展.海水淡化工艺(即脱盐)将海水分为两部分:淡水和高浓度的盐水.虽然海水淡化的工艺装备和支撑技术已经相当成熟,但为了不断提高技术并降低成本,国内外进行了大量的研究.该文概述了海水淡化主流技术的研究现状、工程项目以及新工艺.另外归纳了海水淡化工艺装备存在的一般问题,结合“十二五”规划,指出了海水淡化的研究方向.

  2. 我国消极安乐死立法现状研究%Research on Present Situation of Passive Euthanasia Legislation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华; 王贵君; 刘鑫

    2016-01-01

    Euthanasia is making argument again recently.The legislation has a breakthrough in Belgium, Canada and France.In our coun-try, the favoring and opposing voices of euthanasia are both very strong, so the legislation opportunity is not mature.But the existence of illegal euthanasia cases in reality makes a challenge to the legislation.However, passive euthanasia giving up treatment has many supporters, and was basically approved by legislation of foreign countries and regions.Passive euthanasia is widespread in our country, but because of the lack of legis-lation and regulation, the implementation of intentional homicide may be hid by giving up treatment.Close relatives of patients and medical staff are at risk of being investigated for criminal responsibility.Finally, the writer researched euthanasia legislation of our country and put forward some corresponding countermeasures of giving up treatment in the actual work, recognized legal validity of wills paper of giving up the treatment and proxy signed by patients.Approval, supervision and medical records should be put into effect.%近期安乐死问题又起波澜,比利时、加拿大、法国在立法上都有突破.在我国,安乐死赞成与反对声音都很强烈,立法时机不成熟,但现实中存在非法安乐死案例,对立法形成挑战.作为放弃治疗的消极安乐死却支持者众多,不少国家和地区基本上立法也都认可.我国消极安乐死普遍存在,但缺乏立法规制,因而隐藏着放弃治疗实施故意杀人的可能,对患者近亲属和医务人员都面临被追究刑事责任的风险,通过对我国消极安乐死(即放弃治疗)立法调研和当前实际工作中放弃治疗,提出了相应对策,认可患者签署的放弃治疗意愿书和委托书法律效力,实施中应加强审批、监督,并做详细记录.

  3. Present and Future Research of Preferential Flow in Soil%土壤优先流研究现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐宗恒; 徐则民; 曹军尉; 孟庆会

    2012-01-01

    优先流是近年来针对土壤水运动所提出的术语,是土壤中水运动机制研究由均匀走向非均匀领域的标志,是指在土壤各向异性的情况下,水分和溶质在多重因素的共同作用下,沿着特定的路径向下发生非稳定渗流的现象.优先流是造成降雨型滑坡、泥石流等地质灾害以及地下水质污染、农业土壤中养分流失等现象的主要诱因之一,所以深入开展优先流的研究显得尤为重要.本文从优先流的界定出发,主要介绍回顾了优先流数学模型的发展和研究优先流所采用的技术手段和方法,最后总结并探讨了优先流研究中存在的问题和发展趋势.%The preferential flow, a term proposed by scholars according to water transport in soil in recent years, is the symbol of soil water transport mechanism study transforming from uniformity to non-uniformity. It can be defined as the unstable seepage phenomena of water and solute along the specific path, under the impacts of multiple factors. It is one of main causes that lead to geological hazards of rainfall-induced landslides, debris flow, and groundwater pollution, nutrient loss in farm field, so the study on preferential flow is particularly important. This paper, beginning with the definition of preferential flow, mainly reviewed the study development on mathematical models and technical means, and at the end the existing problems were discussed and the future research was put forward.

  4. 英语听力教学现状与策略研究%English listening teaching present situation and strategy research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓丹

    2015-01-01

    English listening is an effective way to cultivate the students' language output skills, the ultimate purpose of learning English is to use English for effective communication. People's language learning from early childhood began, human language learning comply with the laws of said after listening to, and only has enough language input to language output is possible. English listening teaching in our country at present also got the attention of the students and teachers, but the present situation of listening teaching in China is still optimistic. At first, this paper analyses the characteristics of English listening, and then discussed the current situation of English listening teaching, and finally to delve into listening teaching strategies, in order to improve English listening teaching situation, improve the efficiency of English teaching and ultimately improve the level of the students' comprehensive English.%英语听力是培养学生的语言输出技能的有效途径,英语学习的最终目的是利用英语进行有效地交际.人们的语言学习从幼儿时期便开始进行,人类的语言学习遵循先听后说的规律,只用拥有了充足的语言输入才有可能进行语言输出.我国的英语听力教学在现阶段也得到了广大教师和学生的重视,但是我国听力教学的现状仍然不同乐观.本文首先分析英语听的特点,接着重点探究英语听力教学的现状,最后对听力教学策略进行深入探究,以期改善英语听力教学的不良现状,提高英语教学效率并最终提高学生的综合英语水平.

  5. Present status of reactor physics in the United States and Japan-III. 1. Recent Activities of Loading Pattern Optimization Research in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because of recent enhancements of optimization algorithms and great improvements in computer hardware, loading pattern (LP) optimization methods are being used as practical design tools both in the pressurized water reactor (PWR) and boiling water reactor (BWR) industries. LP optimization methods are mainly used for the following in-core fuel management activities in Japan: 1. minimization of fuel cycle costs; 2. evaluation of various in-core fuel management scenarios; 3. estimation of the number of feed assemblies needed during several successive cycles for fuel ordering; 4. evaluation of fuel bids. Although engineers can perform these analyses, the major motivations to utilize LP optimization methods are the reduction of manpower and the establishment of engineer-independent LP quality. These are important in today's in-core fuel management tasks. In the following sections, activities related to LP optimization research in Japan are briefly described. The major activity of PWR LP optimization research in Japan is development of the INSIGHT system. The INSIGHT system is an integrated scoping analysis tool for PWRs developed by Nuclear Fuel Industries (NFI). The INSIGHT system is a graphical user interface (GUI)-based interactive design tool that includes LP optimization, automated multicycle analysis, an interactive LP design, core follow, an integrated database, and some auxiliary functions. The INSIGHT system was mainly written in the C++ language and consists of ∼400 000 lines of source code. The GALLOP code is the LP optimization module of the INSIGHT system. An automated multicycle analysis is performed by the MCA code in INSIGHT. The MCA code performs a fuel and burnable poison (BP) inventory search by automatically invoking the GALLOP code, which makes LPs. The MCA code can deal with various constraints that have appeared in practical in-core fuel management, e.g., limitations of fuel/BP stock, forced fuel loading/discharge, limitations of core safety

  6. Research on the Present Situation of Procrastination Behavior of Primary School Students%小学生拖延行为的现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静

    2012-01-01

    采用自我修订的拖延调查量表对500名小学生进行测试,旨在了解小学生拖延行为的现状。研究结果表明:(1)小学生普遍存在拖延行为,但他们的拖延程度并不严重,只有极少数小学生存在严重的拖延行为;(2)小学生拖延行为在性别、班干非班干、学业成绩上存在显著差异,在年级和是否独生子女上并无差异。%The investigation was designed to find out the present situation of the procrastination behavior of the primary school students. A total of 500 primary school students were investigated by the reformulated procrastination scale .The results showed that: (1) Procrastination behavior was prevalent in the primary students, but not serious, only a very small number of primary students conducted serious procrastination behavior. (2) There were significant differences of procrastination behavior in the primary school students among gender, class cadres, academic performance, but no differences among grade, only child.

  7. The Present Situation and Countermeasure Research of Chinese Enterprises'E-Learning%我国企业E-Learning的现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程春华

    2015-01-01

    Along with the rapid development and gradual worldwide popularization of the computer and network technology, E-Learning becomes the new trend of the enterprise training development,which has advantages of abundance information,beyond restrictions of time and space,flexibility,convenience, reducing the enterprise training costs. This paper introduces the concept of E-Learning at first, further elaborates the important roles of implementing E-Learning for Chinese enterprises, then analyzes the present situation of Chinese enterprises' E-Learning, and at last,the paper puts over the countermeasure and suggestion about promoting the development of Chinese enterprises'E-Learning.%随着计算机和网络技术的飞速发展和在世界范围内的逐渐普及,E-Learning成为企业培训发展的新趋势,它具有信息量大、超越时空限制、灵活、方便、降低企业培训成本的优点。首先介绍了E-Learning的概念;进而阐述了应用E-Learning对我国企业的重要作用;接着分析了我国企业E-Learning的现状;最后提出了促进我国企业E-Learning发展的对策建议。

  8. 黎族传统体育课程的现状及发展研究%The Li Nationality Traditional Sports Curriculum Present Situation and Development Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周峰

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature data and questionnaire method, discusses the Li school physical education curriculum present situation and the development question, draw: Li ghetto schools are generally carry the Li na- tionality traditional sports project, but less time ; teacher development of Li traditional PE curriculum is lack of mo- tivation, enthusiasm is not tall; students generally liked the game entertainment and fitness type nation traditional sports. Strengthen the Li nationality traditional sports project is normative, the Li nationality traditional sports pro- ject in school physical education curriculum resources effectively.%运用文献资料及问卷调查法,讨论了黎族中小学体育课程的现状及发展问题,得出:黎族地区学校虽普遍开展黎族传统体育项目,但时间较少;教师开发黎族传统体育课程的动力不足,积极性不高;学生普遍喜欢游戏娱乐类及健身类民族传统体育项目。加强黎族传统体育项目的规范性,是黎族传统体育项目进入学校体育课程资源的有效途径。

  9. Research on the Present Situation of Public Education of Baoding Museum%保定市博物馆公共教育探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立峰

    2016-01-01

    Baoding is a historical and cultural city, its museum resources are very rich. Under the influence of the traditional concept, present situation of public education of Baoding museum is not optimistic. With the countries to strengthen the educational function of the museum, Baoding museums should seize the opportunity to change their ideas, improve public service awareness, and actively explore the methods and ideas of public education under the new situation. The community will become aware that the museum education is very important to inherit the traditional culture, cultivate the public mind, and develop the creative thinking. In the end the goals of enriching the public’s spiritual life and improving people’s cultural quality will be achieved through influences of museum education.%保定是一座历史文化名城,博物馆资源非常丰富。在传统观念的影响下,保定市博物馆的公共教育现状不容乐观。在国家加强博物馆教育功能的大环境下,保定市博物馆应抓住机遇,转变观念,提高公共服务意识,积极探索在新形势下开展公共教育的方法和思路。使全社会意识到博物馆公共教育对传统文化的传承、公众心性的陶冶、创造性思维的开发有着重要意义,最终通过博物馆公共教育实现丰富公众的精神生活、提高民众的文化素养的目标。

  10. ASTRO Research Fellow Presentation - A comparison of the comet assay and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis as a predictive assay for radiosensitivity in human fibroblasts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    -response relationship from 0 to 100 Gy. In contrast, PFGE was able to detect initial damage after 2 Gy and exhibited a linear dose-response relationship only up to 30-40 Gy. Residual damage was reliably detected after 40 Gy with the comet assay and after 20 Gy with PFGE. Both techniques exhibited a linear dose-response relationship for residual damage. Not only was the comet assay less sensitive in detecting initial and residual damage than PFGE, but the comet assay was also less accurate in detecting small differences in radiosensitivity in the panel of fibroblasts tested. A complete analysis of six cell lines with the comet assay and PFGE is underway and the results will be presented. Conclusions: The comet assay appears to be less sensitive than PFGE for use as a predictive assay for radiosensitivity in non-transformed human fibroblasts

  11. Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations at the 1986 Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (Las Vegas, NV, January 16-21, 1986).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael R., Ed.; And Others

    Current issues in educational communications and technology are addressed in this collection of 47 papers, in which research reports dominate. Topics discussed include factors related to the learner, e.g., problem-solving skills, motivation, comparison of instructional design strategies, effects of organizational cues and text layouts, and…

  12. Film Presentation: Die Urknallmaschine

    CERN Multimedia

    Carolyn Lee

    2010-01-01

    Die Urknallmaschine, an Austrian film by Gerd Baldauf, narrated by Norbert Frischauf (Alpha Österreich - ORF, 2009).  In CERN’s gigantic complex particles are accelerated to almost the speed of light, brought to collision and made to divide into even smaller particles. Public opinion of CERN’s research is also divided. Sceptics fear that black holes may be created. Might the goal to study the origin of the world lead to its destruction? The Austrian researcher Norbert Frischauf worked at CERN for many years. With his guidance it is possible to explore the world’s largest research centre, get a glimpse of the fascinating work the scientists do there and take a crash course in particle physics. Die Urknallmaschine will be presented on Friday, 25 June from 13:00 to 14:00 in the Main Auditorium. Language: German

  13. Biomedical Challenges Presented by the American Indian, Proceedings of the Special Session of the PAHO Advisory Committee on Medical Research (7th, Washington, D.C., June 25, 1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC.

    At each meeting of the Pan American Health Organization Advisory Committee on Medical Research, a special 1-day session is held on a topic chosen by the committee as being of particular interest. At the 7th meeting, which convened in June of 1968 in Washington, D.C., the session surveyed the origin, present distribution, and principal biological…

  14. Practical Research to the Application of Presentation in Japanese Language Classes%プレゼン(会议发表)在日语课堂的教学实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周尧

    2014-01-01

    Researches to the application of presentation in foreign language teaching are mainly focused on the English language teaching. This is the first practical research to the プレゼン (presentation) ′s applica-tion in the Japanese language class of higher vocational education, in which the research subject is one of the classes the author worked with in 2012. The result indicated that the teaching mode of presentation could be well accepted by most of the students in that class. The students did not only command the basic expressions and skills in presentation, but better improved in their integrated language competence in Japanese and ability of independent studies.%目前,关于Presentation在外语教学中的研究都是基本在英语范畴内。通过把プレゼン(会议发表)教学形式应用于高职日语专业课堂中进行教学实践研究。结果表明,大部分学生接受这一教学形式;学生更好地掌握了プレゼン(会议发表)的基本表达和技巧;对学生的综合日语应用能力、自主学生能力有较高的提升。

  15. Present Situation, Existing Problems of Controlled Release Fertilizer Research and Countermeasures%控释肥料研究现状、存在问题及对策①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海林; 林钊沐; 罗微; 华元刚; 郑国亮; 王龙宇

    2014-01-01

    综述控释肥料的定义及与缓释肥料的区别,分析控释肥料包膜材料、包膜工艺研究现状,指出控释肥料研究和产业化中存在的问题,提出对策,并对今后控释肥料研究发展进行展望。%On the base of research data about controlled release fertilizer, in this paper we expounded the definition of controlled release fertilizer, explained the difference between controlled release fertilizer and slow release fertilizer. We also analyzed the present situation on coated materials, coating technique, discussed the existing problems on research and industrialization of controlled release fertilizer, and puts forward strategy according to the problem. The last, we prospected the research and development in the future.

  16. 国内对西亚非洲法制研究的现状、意义及展望%The West Asian and African Legal Systems' Research in China:Present Situation,Significance and Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼

    2014-01-01

    In Western countries,the research of West Asian and African legal systems has evolved into stable research system and research groups,which has established the Western leading position in this field. The research-es on West Asian and African legal systems in China have two mainly pathsislamic law and African law. However,Chinese research on West Asian and African legal systems is so weak and deficient at present. Strengthening the re-search is beneficial to Chinese economic development,legal system construction,and also the Chinese legal system's influence and recognition in the world. Combined with China's mature law classification or the present research di-rection,the future research into West Asian and African legal systems will extend to the fields of basic legal theory,constitution and human rights,international law,national law and department law.%西亚非洲法制的研究在西方国家已经形成了稳定的研究体系和研究团体,这确立了西方在西亚非洲法制现代化建设中的主导地位。我国对于西亚非洲的法制主要是从伊斯兰法和非洲法两个路径进行研究,目前还有研究力量薄弱、学术成果匮乏以及存在内在理论冲突等问题。我国开展西亚非洲法制研究对于我国经济发展、法制建设以及提高我国法制在世界上的影响力和认可度等都具有积极意义。结合我国法学家成熟的学科划分或研究方向,未来对于西亚非洲法制的研究将沿着西亚非洲法制的基本法学理论、宪政和人权、国际法、国别法、部门法不断发展和繁荣。

  17. 内地与台湾团体心理咨询研究现状比较分析%A Comparative Analysis of Present Researches on Group Counseling Between Mainland and Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾炬; 樊富珉

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To find out the development tendency of group counseling research through the comparison of group counseling research between Mainland and Taiwan. Methods: Based on major psychological journals and excellent masters' and doctors' dissertations on group counseling from 1990 to 2009 in Mainland and Taiwan, this study compares the research quantities, objectives and methods of these two places. Results: Group counseling research in Taiwan is rich,and research methods are more standard, while group counseling research in Mainland increases rapidly, involving the continuous expansion of application fields. Conclusion: At present the group counseling is more developed in Taiwan than in Mainland, which means that there is great developmental potential in the mainland. What's more, according to the developing history and present research situation of group counseling in Taiwan, it is concluded the future research directions of Taiwan tend to the development of influence factors on efficacy of group counseling, the influence mechanism of group process and local research.%目的:通过比较内地与台湾的团体心理咨询研究状况探讨团体咨询研究的发展趋势.方法:选取1990-2009年期间两岸的主要心理学期刊和优秀硕、博士论文中对团体心理咨询的研究,从研究数量、研究对象、研究方法等方面进行比较分析.结果:台湾团体咨询研究内容比较丰富,研究方法更为规范,内地团体咨询研究数量增加迅速,涉及的应用领域在不断扩展.结论:目前台湾地区的团体心理咨询研究较内地更为发达,而内地该领域的研究还有很大的发展空间.同时从台湾的研究现状来看,团体咨询研究有向团体疗效因素研究、团体过程影响机制分析、本土化研究等方向发展的趋势.

  18. Factors contributing to the high accident liability of novice drivers and the role of driver training. [Paper presented at the seminar `Behavioural research in road safety VI', at Royal Holloway, University of London, 4-5 September 1995.

    OpenAIRE

    Twisk, D.A.M.

    1995-01-01

    The nature of accidents involving novice drivers is continually debated. No single answer has yet been found to the question of what causes these high accident figures. This presentation aims to review the literature on research into novice driver behaviour, to describe the known contributing factors, and to discuss the results with particular reference how driver training may contribute to greater safety. A more detailed description can be found in Lynam and Twisk (1995) (see C 4596 S (ITRD ...

  19. Present on Site

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingemann, Bruno

    Why are exhibitions and museums so important? What can they be used for? Who determines relevance in a transformative process? Transforming exhibitions is not just something you do, it is something that gets better the more you do it. This book looks at the intersection of the visitor or user, wh...... • Invisibles – The exhibition design processes • Openings – Category, objects and communication Present on site is relevant not only for students and researchers in the field of museum communication, media and design studies, but also for exhibition and museum practitioners....

  20. News UK public libraries offer walk-in access to research Atoms for Peace? The Atomic Weapons Establishment and UK universities Students present their research to academics: CERN@school Science in a suitcase: Marvin and Milo visit Ethiopia Inspiring telescopes A day for everyone teaching physics 2014 Forthcoming Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    UK public libraries offer walk-in access to research Atoms for Peace? The Atomic Weapons Establishment and UK universities Students present their research to academics: CERN@school Science in a suitcase: Marvin and Milo visit Ethiopia Inspiring telescopes A day for everyone teaching physics 2014 Forthcoming Events

  1. September 2002 Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag: Presentations and Summary of Comments and Conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCallen, R

    2002-09-01

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at NASA Ames Research Center on September 23, 2002. The purpose of the meeting was to present and discuss technical details on the experimental and computational work in progress and future project plans. Representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE)/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Office of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), NASA Ames Research Center (NASA), University of Southern California (USC), California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Freightliner, and Portland State University participated in the meeting. This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items. The meeting began with an introduction by the Project Lead Rose McCallen of LLNL, where she emphasized that the world energy consumption is predicted to relatively soon exceed the available resources (i.e., fossil, hydro, non-breeder fission). This short fall is predicted to begin around the year 2050. Minimizing vehicle aerodynamic drag will significantly reduce our Nation's dependence on foreign oil resources and help with our world-wide fuel shortage. Rose also mentioned that educating the populace and researchers as to our world energy issues is important and that our upcoming United Engineering Foundation (UEF) Conference on ''The Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles: Trucks, Busses, and Trains'' was one way our DOE Consortium was doing this. Mentioned were the efforts of Fred Browand from USC in organizing and attracting internationally recognized speakers to the Conference. Rose followed with an overview of the DOE project goals, deliverables, and FY03 activities. The viewgraphs are attached at the end of this

  2. Authentic Astronomy Research Experiences for Teachers: the NASA/IPAC Teacher Archive Research Program (NITARP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebull, L.; NITARP Team

    2011-12-01

    out to visit Caltech for 3-4 days and get started on their project in earnest. They return home and continue to work through the Fall, finish their research, and write their AAS abstracts and posters in preparation for the winter AAS. The educators plus up to two students per teacher then attend the AAS and present their results. Each team presents one science poster and at least one education poster. The science posters are intermingled in science sessions, and must "hold their own" next to other professional astronomer posters. Each teacher finally serves as NASA/NITARP ambassadors in their community, giving at least 12 hours' worth of professional development. Since the original Spitzer program in 2004, news coverage associated with any of these projects has reached more than 6 million people, largely in home-town newspapers from the teachers' cities. More than 200 presentations have been given, reaching over 14,000 people. More than 120 students have traveled for NITARP, and more than 1200 students have used real astronomical data through this program. Almost 60 educators have been trained in real research. Nearly 50 science or education posters have been presented. Four refereed journal articles (in major astronomical journals) have come out of work associated with these teams.

  3. Nr 257 - Opinion presented on the behalf of the Commission of sustainable development and land planning on the finance bill for 2013 (nr 235), Volumes 1-10, ecology, sustainable development and planning, regional policies, research and higher education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This huge document comprises ten volumes which present and discuss public programs (objectives, strategies, plans, and actions), public finances, economic activity data and evolutions, debates by commissions, and amendments on different issues. A first set of issues deals with ecology, sustainable development and planning: protection of the environment and risk prevention (volume 1), and then with sustainable development policies (vol. 2), landscapes, water, biodiversity, and geographic and cartographic information (vol. 3), ecological transition (vol. 4), road, railway and water transports (vol. 5), air transports (vol. 6), maritime affairs (vol. 7). The next volume addresses regional policies (vol. 8). The last parts concern research and higher education: research in the field of sustainable development (vol. 9) and in the fields of environments and resources (vol. 10)

  4. 政府对高等体育职业教育经费投入现状及对策研究%Research on present situation and countermeasures of government funding for higher physical occupation education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永光; 韩金龙; 刘天生

    2014-01-01

    In this paper , using literature , logic analysis method , using government funds for sports higher occupation education as the research object , carries on the analysis and the research to its present situation , and then explore the Countermeasures of government funding for higher physical occupation education .%采用文献资料、逻辑分析等方法,以政府对高等体育职业教育经费的投入为研究对象,对其现状进行分析和研究,进而探究政府对高等体育职业教育经费投入的相应对策。

  5. PEV Integration with Renewables (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Markel, T.

    2014-06-18

    This presentation discusses current research at NREL on integrating plug-in electric vehicles with the grid and using renewable energy to charge the grid. The Electric Vehicle Grid Integration (EVGI) and Integrated Network Testbed for Energy Grid Research and Technology Experimentation (INTEGRATE) are addressing the opportunities and technical requirements for vehicle grid integration that will increase marketability and lead to greater petroleum reduction.

  6. 中国耕地集约利用研究现状及趋势分析%Present situation and trends in research on cultivated land intensive use in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕晓; 牛善栋; 李振波; 黄贤金; 钟太洋

    2015-01-01

    The cultivated land intensive use (CLIU) is related to food security, supply of agricultural products, and even economic and social sustainable development. There is important theoretical and practical significance in deeply understanding the condition of CLIU and its change process, pattern, mechanism and comprehensive effect. The paper, by adopting the methods of literature analysis and systematic induction, analyzed the research status of CLIU in China from 3 aspects of research scale, research content and research method. Then with the help of Chinese literature database, we summarized the trends and the overall situation of the researches on CLIU in China in nearly 30 years. We think the existing research presents the following features: a diversity of research perspectives and analysis scales, a wide range of research contents and positivism methodology. Meanwhile, there are a lot of deficiencies in present research, which mainly show in 4 aspects: 1) The researches are insufficient in these aspects including the choice of proper scale, the selection of indicator to proper scale characteristics, the comparison analysis and diversion between different scales, the spatial and temporal scale coupling; 2) The subtype of the CLIU elaboration researches, including paddy field, irrigated land, dry land, is not reported; 3) The content and depth need to be developed, such as the scientificity of CLIU evaluation, the systematicness of influence mechanism, the integrity of intensive effect and the effectiveness of regulation approach; 4) The trend of favoring metric over mechanism, value results over process and verification in research methods need to be overcome, and the method system of multidisciplinary coupling has not yet been built. Overall, the existing research is difficult to meet expectations and requirements in cultivated land resource use of national strategic demand of the new urbanization, “five transformations coordination” and cultivated land

  7. 水磁处理防垢技术的研究现状与展望%Present research situation and prediction of the anti-scale technique of magnetic water treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓爱华; 黄慧民; 姬文晋

    2012-01-01

    Although the technique of anti-scale magnetic water treatment has been widely applied to industrial and agricultural production water treatment systems in China,obtaining remarkable economic benefit,the expectation effect is not obtained in some of its applications, even negative effects occurred. Therefore, people throw doubt on this technique. Although there have been lots of researches on the mechanism of anti-scale technique of magnetic water treatment in recent years, there is still not a consistent theory that can explain the mechanism. The present research situation and existing problems are analyzed, and its research directions are predicted.%水磁处理防垢技术已在工农业生产中得到广泛应用,取得了显著经济效益.但在一些应用中并没有达到预期效果,有时甚至为负效应,使得人们对水磁防垢技术产生怀疑.近年来水磁处理防垢机理方面的研究工作较多,但尚没有一致的理论能对其防垢机理作出解释.对水磁处理防垢技术的研究现状及存在的问题进行了分析,并展望了水磁处理防垢技术今后的研究方向.

  8. 近年我国田径中长跑运动项目科研状况的分析%On the Present Scientific Research Status of the Middle-distance Movement in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张涛

    2012-01-01

    In order to understand the status of China's middle-distance movement of scientific research application of literature,information dissemination,distribution structure and law,the process of research and development,based on the use of a number of statistics and logical analysis,this paper made an analysis of Chinese sports middle and Long Distance scientific papers with a class of 13 core journals,more than 130 articles from 1994-2008,pointed out that the existing problems in the course of the study,and presented research dynamic.%为了解我国中长跑运动领域科研文献、信息传播利用情况、分布结构、研究进程和规律等状况,运用数量统计、逻辑分析等方法对1994年至2008年我国中文体育类13种核心期刊的130余篇中长跑运动科研论文进行了分析。

  9. Making your presentation fun: creative presentation techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KEENEN,MARTHA JANE

    2000-05-18

    What possesses someone to volunteer and go through hoops and red tape to make a presentation at a conference? For that matter, why does anyone ever present anything to anyone? Actually, presentations are a fact of life and there are many reasons for doing a presentation and doing it well. New and existing staff need training and orientation to the way things are done here. Handing all of them a manual and hoping they read it is pretty much a waste of paper. On the other hand, an effective, entertaining and upbeat presentation on the relevant topics is more likely to stick with those people. They will even have a name and face to remember and seek out when they have an issue on or with that topic. This can be a very effective beginning for networking with new peers. The presenter is seen as knowledgeable, as a source of information on company topics and possibly evaluated as a potential mentor or future manager. Project staff and/or peers benefit from clear, concise, presentations of topical knowledge. This is one way that a group working on various aspects of the same project or program can stay in touch and in step with each other. Most importantly, presentations may be the best or only door into the minds (and budgets) of management and customers. These presentations are a wonderful opportunity to address legal and compliance issues, budget, staffing, and services. Here is a chance, maybe the only one, to demonstrate and explain the wonderfulness of a program and the benefit they get by using the services offered most effectively. An interactive presentation on legal and compliance issues can be an effective tool in helping customers and/or management make good risk management decisions.

  10. 中国城乡居民健康素养研究现状与展望%china’s urban and rural residents’ health literacy research present situation and prospect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高上雅; 乔艳华

    2014-01-01

    近年来健康领域出现了一个新的研究热点——健康素养,它是健康教育和健康促进中重要的一环。提高健康素养在中国以致国际上都被认为是维持居民健康最经济、最有效的方法。随着社会的发展,健康问题越来越受到中国政府的重视。利用文献阅读法,从健康素养的含义、城乡居民健康素养研究现状及影响因素等方面进行总结,并对城乡居民健康素养的研究提出展望。希望能得到政府和相关人士对城乡居民健康素养的关注。%In recent years, the emergence of a new popular research ifelds in health is health literacy, it is an important part of health education and health promotion. To improve health literacy in China to international level is considered as the most economic and effective method to sustain the health of residents. With the development of the society, health problems are paid more and more importance by the Chinese government. This research was conducted by using the method of literature reading, exploring the domestic current situation of the research in the field of health literacy, focusing on urban and rural residents’ health literacy research status. From the meaning of health literacy, the present situation on urban and rural residents’ health literacy research and inlfuence factors summarized, the research of urban and rural residents’ health literacy outlook is put forward in order to get the government and relevant personage attention to urban and rural residents’ health literacy.

  11. 高职院校顶岗实习研究现状及展望%Studies on the Present Situation of Higher Vocational Education Internship Research and Its' Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董平; 陈建成

    2011-01-01

    By reviewing academic papers of which topics were related to internship and published on China Academic Journal Network Publishing Database, this article summarizes the meaning and significance of internship, models of internship, problems and corresponding settlements, and the management of internship. It also analyzes the weakness of the ongoing research and points out the direction for later research. Based on research results of the present study, it concludes a new research perspective by which the internship could be affected positively, i.e. , by efforts of "government-enterprise-school-student" together. It also points out a developing direction for vocational education, i. e. , to form an interest community between the college and the enterprise.%通过回顾中国学术期刊网络出版总库收录的顶岗实习的文献,文章对顶岗实习的内涵及意义、顶岗实习的模式、顶岗实习存在的问题及其对策和顶岗实习如何管理四个方面的研究进行了系统述评,在此基础上分析了现有研究的不足,并展望了未来的研究方向,最后在综合现有研究成果基础上,得出了“政企校生”四方联动的顶岗实习研究新视角和校企组成利益共同体的职业教育发展方向两点启示。

  12. Presentation-Oriented Visualization Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosara, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Data visualization research focuses on data exploration and analysis, yet the vast majority of visualizations people see were created for a different purpose: presentation. Whether we are talking about charts showing data to help make a presenter's point, data visuals created to accompany a news story, or the ubiquitous infographics, many more people consume charts than make them. Traditional visualization techniques treat presentation as an afterthought, but are there techniques uniquely suited to data presentation but not necessarily ideal for exploration and analysis? This article focuses on presentation-oriented techniques, considering their usefulness for presentation first and any other purposes as secondary. PMID:26780762

  13. The CAMPARE Program:A New Model Promoting Minority Participation in Astronomy Research and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, Alexander L.; Impey, C. D.; Bieging, J. H.; Phillips, C. B.; Tieu, J.; Povich, M. S.

    2014-01-01

    The California-Arizona Minority Partnership for Astronomy Research and Education (CAMPARE) program represents a new and innovative kind of research program for undergraduates: one that can effectively carry out the goal of recruiting qualified minority and female students to participate in Astronomy and Planetary Science research opportunities, while mentoring them in a way to maximize the chance that these students will persist in obtaining their undergraduate degrees in STEM fields, and potentially go on to obtain their PhDs or pursue careers in those fields. The members of CAMPARE comprise a network of comprehensive universities and community colleges in Southern California and Arizona (most of which are minority serving institutions), and four major research institutions (University of Arizona Steward Observatory, the SETI Institute, and JPL/Caltech). Most undergraduate research programs focus on a single research institution. By having multiple institutions, we significantly broaden the opportunities for students, both in terms of breadth of research topics and geographical location.

  14. PREFACE: Young Researcher Meeting, Trieste 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, F.; Antolini, C.; Aversa, R.; Cattani, G.; Martinelli, M.; Mazzaferro, L.; Migliaccio, M.; Paci, F.; Pietrobon, D.; Ricci Pacifici, D.; Stellato, F.; Veneziani, M.

    2013-12-01

    YRM logo The Young Researcher Meeting (www.yrmr.it) has been a rapidly growing event for the last few years. Together with other initiatives which have emerged in several research areas, the young researcher meeting marks the awareness and the desire of PhD students, postdoctoral fellows and young researchers to play a major role in scientific progress. Devoted to the discussion and the interchange of new developments and ideas in physics, the meeting is primarily aimed at graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, who are encouraged to present their work in an informal atmosphere. One of the main purposes of the conference is to create an international network of young researchers, both experimentalists and theorists, and fruitful collaborations across the different branches of physics. Born in Rome in 2009, after three editions that strengthened it, the Young Researcher Meeting 2013 was held in Trieste. Propelled by the past success, the fourth meeting was a two-day conference on 3-4June. It was sponsored by the International School for Advanced Studies - SISSA - and the University of Padova, thus acquiring an even further international drive. In this volume, we collect some of the contributions that were presented at the conference. They cover topics in astrophysics and cosmology, particle and theoretical physics, soft and condensed matter, biophysics and medical physics. YRM Organising and Editorial Committee Fabio Agostini (fabio.agostini@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy Claudia Antolini (claudia.antolini@sissa.it) SISSA - Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy Rossella Aversa (raversa@sissa.it) SISSA - Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy Giordano Cattani (giordano.cattani@gmail.com) Matteo Martinelli (mmartin@sissa.it) SISSA - Scuola Internazionale Superiore di

  15. 气液两相流与油水两相流流型现状研究%Present flow model research of gas-liquid two phase flow and oil-water two phase flow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉东; 姜晨薇

    2016-01-01

    In the process of oil drilling,crude oil from the oil well production is often not a single,but the crude oil and its associated gas.This article summarizes the present flow model research of Gas-Liquid two phase flow and Oil-Water two phase flow.%开发石油的过程中,油井采出物一般不仅仅是原油,而是原油及其伴生天然气。本文总结了多相混输过程中的气液和油水两相流的流型现状。

  16. Mental health of homosexual and bisexual people – review of research and presentation of phenomenon [Zdrowie psychiczne osób homoseksualnych i biseksualnych – przegląd badań i prezentacja zjawiska

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grabski, Bartosz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The issues of mental health and psychological well-being of sexual minorities have become one of the ponderable scientific questions in recent years. Not only do they attract the attention of psychiatrists, psychologists or sexologists, but also of public health professionals. It is because psychiatric disorders in sexual minorities are not only the source of individual suffering and dysfunction, but also a big and so far unappreciated social problem. The research results in this field were mostly unreliable in the past, because they were based on the false paradigm, assuming that homosexuality unquestionably belongs in the realms of psychopathology. This became a major selection bias in which researchers tried to draw conclusion upon the mental status of the hole population of homosexual people only from studies of clinical populations. New studies analyse the mental status of this relatively big social group implementing data from epidemiological population-based studies, which allows the more realistic assessment of the problem. In this work we presented new data indicating the elevated risk of psychiatric disorders within the sexual minorities. The problem was discussed in the context of living in the reluctant and hostile environment (minority stress exposure.

  17. Presentation of Pydio

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    **Pydio is an open-source platform for file sharing and synchronisation.** It is wildly used by enterprises and organizations worldwide, including major universities. Pydio comes with a rich web-based interface, native clients for both iOS and Android mobile devices, and lately a new sync client for desktop platforms. Pydio v6 is of great useability and introduces many new features that makes it the ultimate sharing machine. Its architecture makes it a perfect fit for either easily deploying an on-premise dropbox solution, or building more complicated solutions where the box feature is integrated as OEM. Storage-agnostic, Pydio is a simple layer that can be deployed on top of any storage backend, thus providing scalability and high-availability out-of-the-box. Charles du Jeu is the lead developer of the solution and will briefly present its feature and how it can fit for research and engineering purpose. See https://pyd.io/ for more information.

  18. Teaching Presentation Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, William H.; Thompson, Michael P.

    2004-01-01

    Effective teaching of presentation skills focuses on the most important element of the presentation--the message itself. Some instructors place the heaviest emphasis on the messenger (the presenter) and focus their presentation feedback on all the presenter is doing wrong--saying "um," gesturing awkwardly, and so forth. When students receive this…

  19. The California-Arizona Minority Partnership for Astronomy Research and Education (CAMPARE): A New Model for Promoting Minority Participation in Astronomy Research and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, Alexander L.; Impey, C. D.; Bieging, J. H.; Phillips, C. B.; Tieu, J.; Prather, E. E.; Povich, M. S.

    2013-01-01

    The California-Arizona Minority Partnership for Astronomy Research and Education (CAMPARE) program represents a new and innovative kind of research program for undergraduates: one that can effectively carry out the goal of recruiting qualified minority and female students to participate in Astronomy and Planetary Science research opportunities, while mentoring them in a way to maximize the chance that these students will persist in obtaining their undergraduate degrees in STEM fields, and potentially go on to obtain their PhDs or pursue careers in those fields. The members of CAMPARE comprise a network of comprehensive universities and community colleges in Southern California and Arizona (most of which are minority serving institutions), and four major research institutions (University of Arizona Steward Observatory, the SETI Institute, and JPL/Caltech). Most undergraduate research programs focus on a single research institution. By having multiple institutions, we significantly broaden the opportunities for students, both in terms of breadth of research topics and geographical location. In its first three years, the CAMPARE program has had 20 undergraduates from two CSU campuses, both Hispanic Serving Institutions, take part in research and educational activities at four research institutions, the University of Arizona Steward Observatory, the SETI Institute, and JPL/Caltech. Of the 20 participants, 9 are women and 11 are men, a much more even split than is typical in Astronomy research programs; 10 are Hispanic, 2 are African American, and 1 is part Native American, including 2 female Hispanic and 2 female African-American participants, an exceptionally high participation rate (65%) for students from underrepresented minority groups. Of the five participants who have graduated since the program began, two are in graduate programs in Physics or Astronomy, two are pursuing a K-12 teaching credential, and one has enlisted in the Nuclear Propulsion Officer Candidate

  20. Chinese biobanks: present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Le; Shi, Chuan; Wang, Xian; Li, Qiyuan; Wan, Qian; Yan, Zhixiang; Zhang, Yong

    2013-12-01

    As the demands of scientific research and application for specimens increase rapidly, biobanks in China have been springing up over the recent years. This paper summarizes Chinese biobanks through investigation and survey on operative, managerial, ethical conditions and challenges of biobanks. At present, hospitals and research institutes in China set up and operate most of the biobanks, collecting human specimens to support clinical and scientific research. With the development of bio-industry and arrival of the big data era, biobanks need not only collect and store human and non-human specimens but also to manage the big data associated with these specimens.

  1. Demonstration of Submillimeter Astrophysics Technology at Caltech Submillimeter Observatory Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The following are the objectives of this project:(1) Demonstration of 1600-element Kinetic Inductance Detector (KID) imaging array operating at 350 micron with near...

  2. Changzhou Amateur Basketball League Development Present Situation and Countermeasure Research%常州市业余篮球联赛发展现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昊

    2012-01-01

    In this paper the current situation of the development of changzhou amateur basketball league as the research object,by using the method of literature,expert interview,questionnaire,logic analysis and mathematical statistics method,through the changzhou amateur basketball league participants of the athletes,coaches and referees,staff,and audience survey and research,analyze the changzhou amateur basketball league development present situation,this paper discusses the factors influence the development,on this basis,combining with the professional knowledge and I related to interview the experts,summarizes changzhou amateur basketball league promote the development of countermeasures,actively promote the development of mass sports.%以常州市业余篮球联赛发展现状为研究对象,采用文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法、逻辑分析法和数理统计法等研究方法,通过对常州市业余篮球联赛中的参与者运动员、教练员、裁判员、工作人员、观众进行调查与研究,剖析常州市业余篮球联赛的发展现状,探讨影响其发展的因素,在此基础上,结合专业知识和相关访谈专家的意见,总结促进常州市业余篮球联赛发展的对策,积极推动群众体育的发展。

  3. Serendipidade e situação psicanalítica de pesquisa no contexto da apresentação psicanalítica de pacientes Serendipity and psychoanalytical research situation in the context of psychoanalytical presentation of patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Caon

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available O autor distingue e confronta a escuta clínica psicanalítica e a escuta cotidiana social. Toma, como modelo, a noção de "azimute" e a expressão "em todos os azimutes" para ilustrar que, em psicanálise, a observação clínica do pesquisador psicanalítico se realiza a partir de uma escuta eqüiflutuante, em todos os azimutes, isto é, em todos os sentidos e em todas as direções. Recorre, também, à noção freudiana de "Nachträglichkeit", traduzida pelos psicanalistas franceses por "après-coup" e pelos psicanalistas lusófonos brasileiros por "só-depois" (Magno, 1983 e "no relance", (Caon, 1996. Em consonância com o método - psicanalítico de observação, o autor resgata inequivocamente uma noção do termo inglês "serendipity", serendipidade, apresentada insuficientemente em alguns manuais de metodologia da pesquisa psicológica. (Bachrach, 1974, p. 5-6 e 8-14; McGuigan, 1976, p. 56 O autor propõe a serendipidade como atitude e dispositivo fundamentais para a sltuação psicanalítica de pesquisa e reafirma a cientificidade do método psicanalítico.The author characterizes and opposes psychoanalytic clinical listening and everyday socia listening. He takes, as a model, the notion of "azimuth" and the expression "in every azimuth" in order to illustrate that, in the field of psychoanalysis, the clinical observation of the researcher is carried out through an evenly suspended listening, "in every azimuth", i. e., in every means and in every direction. The author also utilizes the Freudian notion of "Nachträglichkeit", translated by French psychoanalysts by "aprèscoup" and by Brazilian as "só-depois" (Magno, 1983 and "no relance" (Caon, 1996. In accordance to the psychoanalytic method of observation, the author rescues unequivocally a notion from the word "serendipity", presented timidly in several handbooks of methodology of psychological research. (Bachrach, 1974, p.5-6 e 8-14 and McGuigan, 1976, p. 56 The author proposes

  4. 柔性石墨密封垫片的研究现状及发展趋势%Present Research and Development Trend of Flexible Graphite Sealing Gasket

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The present research of flexible graphite sealing gasket were summarized .The preparation and performance of flexi -ble graphite,the main structure of metal-graphite composite gasket were introduced .The preparation technology mainly includes chemical oxidation method 、electrochemical method、microwave、detonation and gaseous volatilization method .The structures in-clude metal-graphite spiral wound gasket ,flexible graphite corrugated metal gasket and metal to metal contact type gasket .The re-search status of graphite sealing mechanism were also analyzed and the main leaking models were summarized .The application of graphite seal in areas such as nuclear power and development trend were also prospected .The future development direction of graphite gasket concentrates on highly purified graphite and design of new structure .The finite element analysis as auxiliary meth-ods will become one of research hot spot .%  主要介绍了柔性石墨的性能和制备工艺,制备工艺主要分为化学氧化法、电化学法、微波法、爆炸法和气相挥发法;总结了石墨与金属组成的复合垫片的主要结构形式,包括金属石墨缠绕垫片、石墨波齿复合垫片和金属与金属接触型垫片;还分析了石墨密封机理的研究现状,总结了现有的垫片泄露模型,并对石墨密封在核电等领域的应用前景和发展趋势进行了展望,指出未来石墨垫片发展的方向主要集中于石墨提纯、新密封结构开发,而有限元分析作为辅助的研究方法将成为热点课题之一。

  5. Investigación sobre manejo forestal a largo plazo en Patagonia Sur -Argentina: Lecciones del pasado, desafíos del presente Long-term forest management research in South Patagonia - Argentina: Lessons from the past, challenges from the present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUILLERMO J MARTÍNEZ-PASTUR

    2010-03-01

    ón de tratamientos intermedios, (iii determinar líneas base y definir los impactos de distintos sistemas silvícolas, (iv proponer metodologías de monitoreo de amplio espectro y establecer áreas demostrativas de manejo, y (v proveer áreas y conocimientos para entrenar profesionales en prácticas de manejo forestal y conservación de la biodiversidad. Las parcelas permanentes ya establecidas en los bosques de Nothofagus de Patagonia Sur y las bases de datos obtenidas podrían servir como punto de partida para definir un núcleo regional que pueda participar en el International Long Term Ecological Research para asegurar el uso sustentable de los bosques nativos.Argentina has based its economy in agriculture and cattle production seeing forests as one of the main obstacles for future development. Forest harvesting in South Patagonia has been an activity based on colonization and exploitation of new areas. Harvesting is mainly carried out in old-growth forests without silviculture management after the first cuts. Beyond this mismanagement, scientific research defined the basis to conserve, protect and improve the present forest management for the South Patagonia native forests. The first long-term study permanent plots (1965-1966 monitored only economic and forest structure parameters, and near twenty plots were established in public forested lands of Tierra del Fuego. Most of these plots were destroyed or discontinued due to a lack of land use planning, scarce social interest for long-term researches, absence of commitment of institutions, and few contributions of forest companies. After this, a second group of nine long-term study permanent plots were established in South Patagonia (1993-2004 based in the collaboration between private companies and national research institutions. The objectives included economic as well as ecological parameters. The new plots were established on private lands based on several agreements and joint venture projects between national

  6. A quantitative research for present-time crustal motion in Fujian Province, China and its marginal sea--Synthetical analysis of GPS measurement, fault deformation survey, leveling and focal mechanism solution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Based on the Chinese mainland GPS network (1994~1996), Fujian GPS network (1995~1997), cross fault deformation network (1982~1998), precise leveling network (1973~1980) and focal mechanism solutions of the recent several tens years, we synthetically and quantitatively studied the present-time crustal motion of the southeast coast of Chinese mainland-Fujian and its marginal sea. We find that this area with its mainland together moves toward SE with a rather constant velocity of 11.2(3.0 mm/a. At the same time, there is a motion from the Quanzhou bay pointing to hinterland, with a major orientation of NW, extending toward two sides, and with an average velocity of 3.0(2.6 mm/a. The faults orienting NE show compressing motions, and the ones orienting NW show extending motions. The present-time strain field derived from crustal deformation is consistent with seismic stress field derived from the focal mechanism solutions and the tectonic stress field derived from geology data. The principal stress of compression orients NW (NWW) - SE (SEE). Demarcated by the NW orienting faults of the Quanzhou bay and Jinjiang-Yongan, the crustal motions show regional characteristics: the southwest of Fujian and the boundary of Fujian and Guangdong are areas of rising, the northeast of Fujian are areas of sinking. The horizontal strain rate and the fault motion of the former are both greater than the later. The side-transferring motion of Hymalaya collision zone and the compression of the west pacific subduction zone affect the motion of the research area. The amount of motion affected by the former is larger than the later, but the former is homogeneous and the later is not, which indicates that the events of strong earthquakes in this region relate more directly with western pacific subduction zone.

  7. L市三级医院麻醉风险管理现状及对策研究%Research on the Present Situation and Countermeasures of Anesthesia Risk Management in Tertiary Hospital of L City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑碧鑫; 郑欢; 姜鲜

    2016-01-01

    为了解三级医院麻醉风险管理的现状,以便提出有效控制麻醉风险的建议,课题组对L市三级医院医务人员展开问卷调查,并在此基础上进行统计分析.结果显示,麻醉风险与医师职称、年龄、文化程度、从业时间、麻醉安全意识、医师风险教育、麻醉准备情况等因素密切相关.因此,需要从完善制度建设、强化工作协同性、加大行政执法力度等方面着手建设,方能有效控制麻醉风险的发生.%To understand the present situation of anesthesia risk management present situation in tertiary hospitals, and put forward suggestions on effective control of anesthesia risks, the research team conducted ques-tionnaire on medical personnel in tertiary risks hospital of L city, and analyzed the results statistically. Results showed that anesthesia risks are closely related with physicians' title, age, educational degree, working time, anesthesia risk awareness, risk education, and narcotic preparation, etc.. Therefore, we can effectively control anesthesia risks by perfecting the system construction, strengthening the collaborative work, and enhancing ad-ministrative law enforcement, etc..

  8. The Present Research Status and Prospect of Water-Retaining Controlled Release Fertilizers%保水型控释肥料的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏恩志; 牛育华; 赵冬冬

    2015-01-01

    保水型控释肥料是保水剂与肥料控释技术复合一体化的产物,在控制肥料养分释放量和释放期的同时可提高肥料的保水性。概述了保水型控释肥料的保水和控释原理,简要介绍了国内、外的研究现状,分析了目前存在的主要问题及其未来发展方向。%The water-retaining controlled release fertilizer is the product of controlled release fertilizer combined with water-retaining agent using integration technology, which is capable to control nutrients release amount and period, and along with it , the water retaining ability is increased.The principle of water-retaining and controlled releasing of water retaining controlled release fertilizer is summarized, domestic and overseas research status is briefly introduced, and major problems existing at present and future development direction are analyzed.

  9. The Present Research Status and Prospect of Water-Retaining Controlled Release Fertilizers%保水型控释肥料的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏恩志; 牛育华; 赵冬冬

    2015-01-01

    The water-retaining controlled release fertilizer is the product of controlled release fertilizer combined with water-retaining agent using integration technology, which is capable to control nutrients release amount and period, and along with it , the water retaining ability is increased.The principle of water-retaining and controlled releasing of water retaining controlled release fertilizer is summarized, domestic and overseas research status is briefly introduced, and major problems existing at present and future development direction are analyzed.%保水型控释肥料是保水剂与肥料控释技术复合一体化的产物,在控制肥料养分释放量和释放期的同时可提高肥料的保水性。概述了保水型控释肥料的保水和控释原理,简要介绍了国内、外的研究现状,分析了目前存在的主要问题及其未来发展方向。

  10. 临床护理人员对同理心认知和应用现状的质性研究%Qualitative research on present situation on cognition and application of empathy for clinical nursing staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶丽花; 姚小群

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the present situation on cognition and application of empathy for clinical nursing staff. Method 20 clinical nursing staff receive depth interview. Analyze and arrange the information and conclude the theme by phenomenological research. Result It is generally considered among nursing staff that application of empathy in nursing care is very important But they don't have comprehensive cognition and application ability on empathy and lack normal training and education on empathy. Conclusion Cognition and application of empathy for clinical nursing staff are not enough and need to be improved.%目的 了解临床护理人员对同理心的认知和应用现状.方法 采用现象学研究法,对20名临床护理人员进行深入访谈,将获得的资料分析、整理,提炼出主题.结果 护理人员普遍认为护理工作中同理心的应用很重要,但对同理心缺乏全面的认知和应用能力,缺乏正规的同理心知识培训和教育.结论 临床护理人员对同理心的认知和应用不足,急待提高.

  11. 制药废水深度处理技术的研究现状及进展%The Present Situation and Research Progress in the Advanced Treatment of Pharmaceutical Wastewater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋鑫; 任立人; 吴丹; 相凤欣; 孙春宝

    2012-01-01

    随着新制药工业水污染物排放标准的全面强制实施,为了使制药废水达标排放,制药废水深度处理技术的开发已经刻不容缓。文章综述了混凝、活性炭吸附、膜分离、高级氧化及生物处理等用于深度处理制药废水的技术,分析了这些技术的特点、研究进展及制药废水深度处理的现状,并展望了我国制药废水深度处理的发展前景。%With the overall enforcement of the new discharge standard of water pollutants for pharmaceutical industry,the development of the advanced treatment technology of pharmaceutical wastewater was urgent.The technologies for advanced treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater,including coagulation,activated carbon adsorption,membrane separation,advanced oxidation,biological treatment,etc.,were rewiewed.Characteristics,research progress,and the present situation of each pharmaceutical wastewater treatment technology were also discussed.Moreover,the development trends on the advanced treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater was prospected.

  12. Research on the Present Situation and Cultivation of In-dependent College Students' Ability of Autonomous ;Learning%独立学院大学生自主学习能力的现状与培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴菲菲

    2015-01-01

    This article uses investigations and interviews to ex-plore the present situation of independent college students' au-tonomous learning ability. The research results show that inde-pendent college students' autonomous learning ability is at a level below average, and the development of various dimensions of au-tonomous learning ability is not balanced. The learning plan, learning summary and learning help-seeking are all at a relative-ly low level, but the learning anxiety is in a high-level operation.%本文采用调查和访谈探查了独立学院大学生的自主学习能力的现状。研究结果表明,独立学院的大学生自主学习能力处于中等偏下水平,自主学习能力各维度发展也不平衡,其中学习计划、学习总结和学习求助处于相对较低水平,而学习焦虑却在高位运作。

  13. A Research Review of Invasive Mechanism of Alien Plant Ambrosia Artemisiifolia and Its Present Situation%外来植物豚草的入侵机理研究进展及其现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏祥; 刘传才; 塔莉; 王连龙

    2015-01-01

    从外来植物的入侵性和生境的可入侵性两方面综述了外来植物豚草的入侵机理研究进展,分析了豚草在秦皇岛地区的现状,以中国环境管理干部学院新校区为例调查了人类活动干扰对豚草的影响。豚草的入侵性与其自身所具有的生理生态学特性密切相关,生境的可入侵性则与其群落特征和受干扰程度等因素有关。目前豚草是秦皇岛地区自然群落的建群种,没有表现出入侵性。新校区调查结果表明:豚草在自然群落中零星分布,但受到人类活动干扰的生境中豚草表现出一定的优势度。因此,在豚草防治中应防止人类活动的过度干扰影响,以保护当地的生态环境。%A research review was presented on invasive mechanism of alien plant Ambrosia art-emisiifolia in terms of its invasiveness and the habitat invisibility. The present situation of the plant was analyzed in Qinhuangdao region, and the new campus was taken as an example to inves-tigate the effects of human activity disturbance on A. artemisiifolia. The invasiveness of A. artemisiifolia was closely related to its ecophysiological characteristics, while the habitat invisibility was impacted by community characteristics and disturbance degree. In present, the plant was a community construction species in this region, and showed no invasion. The investigated results showed that A. artemisiifolia distributed sporadically in the natural community. However, in the habitat disturbed by human activities, the plant had relatively high advantage. Therefore, excessive human activity disturbance should be prevented to control the invasive plant, by which to protect the local ecological environment.

  14. The Art of Presenting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukey-Coutsocostas, Kathryn; Tanner-Bogia, Julia

    1998-01-01

    Provides suggestions for helping nonnative English speakers in planning and delivering an effective presentation. Topics covered include the following: fears, choosing a topic, planning, title/summary/abstract, equipment, delivery, and evaluation of the present. (Author/VWL)

  15. Workshop Presentations: Overviews

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. Additional presentations can be found on each of the associated analysis webpages. Separate pages...

  16. Presenting Food Science Effectively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, Carl K.

    2016-01-01

    While the need to present food science information effectively is viewed as a critical competency for food scientists by the Institute of Food Technologists, most food scientists may not receive adequate training in this area. Effective presentations combine both scientific content and delivery mechanisms that demonstrate presenter enthusiasm for…

  17. Innovative presentations for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Anthony, Ray

    2014-01-01

    Be the speaker they follow with breakthrough innovative presentations Innovative Presentations For Dummies is a practical guide to engaging your audience with superior, creative, and ultra-compelling presentations. Using clear language and a concise style, this book goes way beyond PowerPoint to enable you to reimagine, reinvent, and remake your presentations. Learn how to stimulate, capture, and hold your audience in the palm of your hand with sound, sight, and touch, and get up to speed on the latest presentation design methods that make you a speaker who gets audiences committed and acting

  18. Laser Actuated Presentation System

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhary, Atul; Karmakar, Subhajit; Sarkar, Sandip

    2009-01-01

    We present here a pattern sensitive PowerPoint presentation scheme. The presentation is actuated by simple patterns drawn on the presentation screen by a laser pointer. A specific pattern corresponds to a particular command required to operate the presentation. Laser spot on the screen is captured by a RGB webcam with a red filter mounted, and its location is identified at the blue layer of each captured frame by estimating the mean position of the pixels whose intensity is above a given threshold value. Measured Reliability, Accuracy and Latency of our system are 90%, 10 pixels (in the worst case) and 38 ms respectively.

  19. Laser Actuated Presentation System

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhary, Atul; Agrawal, Vivek; Karmakar, Subhajit; Sarkar, Sandip

    2009-01-01

    We present here a pattern sensitive PowerPoint presentation scheme. The presentation is actuated by simple patterns drawn on the presentation screen by a laser pointer. A specific pattern corresponds to a particular command required to operate the presentation. Laser spot on the screen is captured by a RGB webcam with a red filter mounted, and its location is identified at the blue layer of each captured frame by estimating the mean position of the pixels whose intensity is above a given thre...

  20. Xiangyang City Sports Resources in Colleges and Universities so Cialized Cervice Present Situation and Countermeasure Research%襄阳市高校体育资源社会化服务现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周央央; 雷鸣; 洪震

    2014-01-01

    随着高校体育专业办学内涵的不断丰富,其功能日趋多元化,它不但承担着为社会培养专门人才和科学研究的重任,还需要担负起服务社会和文化传承与创新的责任。本文运用文献资料、实地调查、访谈、逻辑分析等研究方法,对襄阳市高校体育资源社会化服务的现状进行了分析研究,认为:高校人力资源、场地设施、器材设备以及体育物质文化活动等资源较为丰富,但受到传统观念、管理制度、高校地里位置等因素制约,使高校丰富的体育资源不能很好地服务于社会。提出了高校体育教学内容应以职业能力为核心优化方案;培养实践型人才,为高校体育资源社会化服务作铺垫;创办大学生俱乐部;加强学校和各行业合作,加强高校体育文化多元化建设,提高社会化服务能力等对策建议。%With the enrichment of university sports professional education connotation, its function has become increasingly diversified, it is not only to cultivate specialized talents for the society and the important task of scientific research, also need to take the responsibility of the service the social and cultural inheritance and innovation. This paper USES literature, field survey, interview, logic analysis and other research methods, to xiangyang city, analyzed the present situation of sports resources in colleges and universities socialized service research, think: the university human resources, facilities, equipment, and sports material culture activities such as resource is rich, but influenced by traditional ideas, management system, the field position of colleges and universities and other factors, make the rich sports resources in colleges and universities can't very well in the service of society. Proposed the university sports teaching content should be vocational ability as the core optimization; Cultivate specialized talents oriented, foreshadowing

  1. A Research on Implementation of Humanistic Quality Education in the Present College Chinese Teaching%当前大学语文教学实施人文素质教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕西娟

    2014-01-01

    当今社会,随着教育行政主导和教育产业化市场化的畸形结合,使得中国大学教育的人文价值和科学价值出现了缺失。因此如何在大学语文教育界渗透人文精神,开展人文素质教育对高校语文教育者来说具有重要的研究价值。立足与当前大学语文的教育现状,以提高大学生的人文素质、培养学生健全高尚的人格为目标,进而研究大学语文教学与人文素质教育科学结合的途径和策略。%In today’ s society,with the abnormal combination of administrative dominance in education and industri-alization andmarketization of education ,absence appears in both humanistic and scientific values in China ’ s college education .Consequently ,how to permeate humanistic spirit in the educational circles of college Chinese and how to carry out humanistic quality education has significant research value for the college Chinese educators .Basing on the present educational status of college Chinese ,this thesis aims to improve college students ’ humanistic qualities and develop their sound and noble characters ,and further studies the approaches and strategies of the scientific combina-tion of college Chinese teaching and humanistic quality education .

  2. Imagined futures, present lives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Anne Line; Wildermuth, Norbert

    2006-01-01

    The article is focused thematically on the uses and meanings of media for (some) young people in Recife, a million-inhabitant city in the northeast of Brazil. The article brings together the perspective of Anne Line Dalsgaard, a long-term anthropological field researcher who is familiar with the ......The article is focused thematically on the uses and meanings of media for (some) young people in Recife, a million-inhabitant city in the northeast of Brazil. The article brings together the perspective of Anne Line Dalsgaard, a long-term anthropological field researcher who is familiar...

  3. Present status of institutional informatics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is described the computer sources (hardware, logic and humans) that to count the National Institute of Nuclear Research for to satisfy the basic necessities of information handling, so much in the management area as technical and for researching purposes, the institutions support as the National Autonomous University of Mexico for to be useful its supercomputer physical resources. It is presented the actual situation and the plans to the future as for central computer equipment and microcomputers, just as the communications infrastructure and electrical support. (Author)

  4. Leprosy neuropathy: clinical presentations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Osvaldo J M

    2013-09-01

    Leprosy is a chronic infectious peripheral neuropathy caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The different clinical presentations of the disease are determined by the quality of the host immune response. Early detection of leprosy and treatment by multidrug therapy are the most important steps in preventing deformity and disability. Thus the early recognition of the clinical leprosy presentation is essential. Mononeuritis, mononeuritis multiplex (MM), polyneuritis (MM summation) are the most frequent. The frequent anesthetic skin lesions are absent in the pure neuritic leprosy presentation form. Isolated peripheral nerve involvement is common, including the cranial ones. Arthritic presentation is occasionally seen, usually misdiagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis. Attention should be given to autonomic dysfunctions in leprosy. There are clinical presentations with severe neuropathic pain - painful small-fiber neuropathy. Leprous late-onset neuropathy (LLON) clinical presentation should be considered facing a patient who develop an inflammatory neuropathy many years after a previous skin leprosy treatment. PMID:24141500

  5. CERN Electronics Pool presentations

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    The CERN Electronics Pool has organised a series of presentations in collaboration with oscilloscope manufacturers. The last one will take place according to the schedule below.   Time will be available at the end of the presentation to discuss your personal needs. The Agilent presentation had to be postponed and will be organised later. -     Lecroy: Thursday, 24 November 2011, in 530-R-030, 14:00 to 16:30.

  6. Presentation skills for nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulkes, Mark

    2015-02-20

    This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters. PMID:25690236

  7. Presentation skills for nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foulkes, Mark

    2015-02-20

    This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters.

  8. Presentism meets black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Romero, Gustavo E

    2014-01-01

    Presentism is, roughly, the metaphysical doctrine that maintains that whatever exists, exists in the present. The compatibility of presentism with the theories of special and general relativity was much debated in recent years. It has been argued that at least some versions of presentism are consistent with time-orientable models of general relativity. In this paper we confront the thesis of presentism with relativistic physics, in the strong gravitational limit where black holes are formed. We conclude that the presentist position is at odds with the existence of black holes and other compact objects in the universe. A revision of the thesis is necessary, if it is intended to be consistent with the current scientific view of the universe.

  9. PRESENT CLINICAL RESEARCH SITUATION OF ADJACENT SEGMENT DEGENERATION AFTER LUMBAR SPINAL FUSION%腰椎融合术后邻近节段退变的临床研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    双峰; 侯树勋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To review the present clinical research situation of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) after lumbar spinal fusion. Methods The recent literature concerning ASD in the concept, the incidence, the risk factors, and prevention was reviewed. Results The concept of ASD includes radiographic ASD and clinical ASD. The incidences of radiographic ASD and clinical ASD were 8%-100% and 5.2%-18.5%, respectively. The risk factors for ASD include both patient and surgical factors. Patient factors include age, gender, preoperative condition, and so on. Surgical factors include the length of the fusion, mode of fusion, internal fixator, sagittal balance, excessive distraction of disc space, and so on. It can prevent ASD to reduce the length of the fusion, to keep sagittal balance, and to use the non-fusion technology. Conclusion Many researches have proved that the incidence of ASD is increased after lumbar spinal fusion, and it can be reduced by the non-fusion technology. Non-fusion technology has obtained good short-term results. But the long-term results should be further observed because there are some complications.%目的 对腰椎融合术后出现邻近节段退变(adjacent segment degeneration,ASD)的临床研究现状进行综述. 方法 查阅近年关于腰椎融合术后出现ASD的概念、发生率、相关影响因素和预防等方面的文献,并进行综述. 结果 ASD的概念包括影像学ASD和临床症状ASD,腰椎融合术后影像学ASD发生率可达8%~100%,临床症状ASD发生率为5.2%~18.5%.ASD的发生与个体因素(年龄、性别、术前情况等)和手术因素(融合节段长短、融合术式、内固定使用、矢状面平衡、椎间隙过度撑开等)相关.术中减少融合节段、维持矢状面平衡以及非融合技术的应用可预防ASD的发生. 结论 腰椎融合术后ASD发生率增高.非融合技术的应用降低了ASD的发生率,取得了较好的近期临床效果,但也存在一些并发症,

  10. Action Research and Interactive Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, lennart; Nielsen, Kurt Aagaard

    2006-01-01

    The authors present trends in Nordic action research. They ask critical questions in the development towards mode 2 and points out alternative roads for a scientific consolidation of action research and interactive research.......The authors present trends in Nordic action research. They ask critical questions in the development towards mode 2 and points out alternative roads for a scientific consolidation of action research and interactive research....

  11. Heterotrophic Pregnancy- Rare Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AB Chattopadhyay

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Heterotopic pregnancy, a potentially dangerous and life-threatening clinical associated with intrauterine (IU and extra uterine pregnancies at the same time. Incidence of such cases are rare but very often missed as the diagnosis being overlooked during examination of the pregnant women with risk factors for an ectopic pregnancy such as free fluid with or without an adnexal mass or acute abdominal pain and shock presentation. Hence a high degree of clinical evaluation is warranted examining the pregnant women. In Present paper we report a case with rare presentation as heterotopic pregnancy from emergency hospital of teaching hospital.

  12. ASLO Presents Hutchinson Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence Richards Pomeroy, Alumni Foundation Distinguished Professor at the University o f Georgia, Athens, is the 1987 recipient of the Hutchinson Award, given annually by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO). The award is given in recognition o f outstanding past and current research in limnology and oceanography.Larry Pomeroy was trained in zoology at the University of Michigan, where he received his B.S. and M.S., and at Rutgers University, where he received his Ph.D. in 1959. In his very first published research, on phosphorus uptake by the American oyster, he began the interest in phosphorus and mineral cycling in natural waters that was to be a major research theme o f his for the next 20 years. His studies at the University of Georgia included measurements of estuaries, coral reefs, zooplankton excretion, salt marshes, and sediment-water exchange. The techniques and understanding that he developed and the publications he produced with a variety of coauthors made him a world leader in the biogeochemistry of phosphorus cycling.

  13. Practically Perfect Presentations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Richard M.

    1994-01-01

    Offers nine practical suggestions for instructional presentations: build a sense of partnership, ask rhetorical questions, be spontaneous, use a conversational tone, control tone of voice, involve listener through gesture, be creative, be relevant, and achieve clarity. (JOW)

  14. Workshop Presentations: BSCW Analysts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. They detail the analytical results generated by each of the participating analysis teams for the...

  15. Workshop Presentations: RSW Analysts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. They detail the analytical results generated by each of the participating analysis teams for the...

  16. Workshop Presentations: HIRENASD Analysts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These slides were presented at the AePW, April 21-22, 2012. They detail the analytical results generated by each of the participating analysis teams for the HIRENASD.

  17. ARE YOU PRESENT?

    OpenAIRE

    Juul, Henrik; Gilmartin, Thomas; Thomas, Thomas Tom

    2007-01-01

    Master of Computer Mediated Comunication thesis: ARE YOU PRESENT? FROM SPECTATOR TO PARTICIPANT IN COMPUTER MEDIATED CONFERENCES This thesis analyzes the application of Social Presence theory on a conference with participants attending online in UNDP and the consequences hereof.

  18. Flat strips. A case presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Espinosa Jiménez

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available This research paper presents a case of a 12 year old . Give with Angle´s Malocclusion class II, division I, with a 10 mms protuberance and an overpass of complete crown to whom a functional device with plane trail was applied . At 8 months follow up molar relation class I , a 4 mms protuberance and an overpass of the third part of the crown is observed. These results have been assessed as a satisfactory evolution of the patient.

  19. Communication and presentation skills

    OpenAIRE

    Lorencová, Ivana

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with individual factors of communication and basic presentations skills. The theoretical part specifies the basic elements of verbal and non-verbal communication and basic factors connected with preparation and realisation of a presentation. The practical part of the thesis comprises an analysis of impacts of speaker's visual and other communication influences over an audience. The results are applied to a Multimedia Display exhibition taking place during the bachel...

  20. Present status of dibaryons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present notes the author tries to assess the situation regarding dibaryons in the various channels with baryon number two, emphasizing the problems and discussing in greater detail the most recent developments since the Versailles Conference. One of the motivations for the present search of B=2 states is the possibility of colored subclusters for systems with six quarks which cannot occur for ordinary baryons or mesons. (Auth.)

  1. Leprosy: An unusual presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geeta Kiran Arakkal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, commonly manifesting as hypopigmented anesthetic patches with thickened nerves. Primary hyperpigmentation in leprosy is a rare manifestation. Literature search showed only few case reports of Hansen's disease with single hyperpigmented patch and involvement of relatively immune zones like palms and soles. We report a case of leprosy presenting primarily as hyperpigmented patches over the trunk and extremities with involvement of palms and soles which is a rare presentation.

  2. Crystallography: past and present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodeau, J.-L.; Guinebretiere, R.

    2007-12-01

    structure (chemical order, anisotropy, charge transfer, magnetic order) versus an external parameter like temperature, pressure, magnetic or electric field. Modern crystallography is also extended to the study of very small crystals, powders, ill-ordered or non-crystallized materials. Thus presently, crystallography is concerned with any solid that “scatters” an incident beam. Nevertheless, as quoted by A. Guinier, “the problems facing crystallographers have only changed, ... new ones have appeared which require reflection and imagination, ... and which in turn may still bring much joy to all those who like crystallography” [4]. Such developments open up crystallography to modern materials like artificial ones and nanostructures with low- and/or multi-scaled-periodicities and/or extremely small “crystal size” and to materials of the “real world”, with mixtures of phases and/or amorphous contribution and/or defects, a common characteristic of ancient materials analysed in patrimonial research. In our contribution we will show by selected examples that these improvements were allowed (i) by the use of powerful sources, apparatus and detectors which allow micro-diffraction, in-situ diffraction, spectroscopy, resonant scattering, inelastic scattering, coherent scattering, (ii) by the development of methods like diffraction anomalous fine structure (DAFS), pair distribution function (PDF), simulated annealing, single object reconstruction, (iii) by combination of scattering and spectroscopy and by combination of scattering and microscopy. Such combination of different approaches is very efficient and, as said by H. Curien at the IUCr Bordeaux Congress in 1990, “in crystallography, there is a constant alternation between the crystal space and its associated reciprocal space, ... the alternation between experiment and model building is another feature of crystallography activity ..., the crystallographer relies both on his computer and on his diffractometer

  3. Stellar Presentations (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) The AAVSO is in the process of expanding its education, outreach and speakers bureau program. powerpoint presentations prepared for specific target audiences such as AAVSO members, educators, students, the general public, and Science Olympiad teams, coaches, event supervisors, and state directors will be available online for members to use. The presentations range from specific and general content relating to stellar evolution and variable stars to specific activities for a workshop environment. A presentation—even with a general topic—that works for high school students will not work for educators, Science Olympiad teams, or the general public. Each audience is unique and requires a different approach. The current environment necessitates presentations that are captivating for a younger generation that is embedded in a highly visual and sound-bite world of social media, twitter and U-Tube, and mobile devices. For educators, presentations and workshops for themselves and their students must support the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), the Common Core Content Standards, and the Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) initiative. Current best practices for developing relevant and engaging powerpoint presentations to deliver information to a variety of targeted audiences will be presented along with several examples.

  4. Research in nuclear physics at low and intermediate energies, neutrinos and x rays: Final report, May 1980--August 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the past year the research in our West Bridge Laboratory at Caltech has continued to focus on studies of neutrino properties, particularly neutrino mass. To this end the nuclear double beta decay has been exploited and several experiments have been carried out. Upon completion of a series of comprehensive studies of backgrounds and radioactive impurities in various materials conducted with a 90 cm2 Ge detector in our Gotthard tunnel laboratory, a large 8 crystal Ge detector array with its cryostat, copper and lead shielding, and data acquisition computer has been installed in the Gotthard tunnel and is now operating well with the anticipated low background. Sensitive limits for two-neutrino and neutrinoless decay, as well as for majoron emission have already been obtained. The latter results rule out a recently published claim. The design and construction of the xenon time projection chamber has been completed. The TPC now operated with an active volume of 206 liters of xenon gas 5 atm. At the present time electron and muon tracks are being recorded and analyzed using a computer based pattern recognition scheme. A double beta decay event is recognized by a contiguous track beginning and ending with a high ionization density ''blob''. At the same time, theoretical nuclear structure calculations have been conducted to help evaluate the rates of the two-neutrino and neutrinoless processes in various double beta decay candidates, including the nuclei 76Ge and 136Xe. To further explore new techniques capable of identifying double beta decay in high density targets, extensive studies of electron-ion pair recombination in liquid argon and liquid xenon have been conducted, leading to several novel concepts for the creation of the electron track and the observed energy resolution

  5. INSPIRE Final Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haro, Helida C.; Le, Brandon; Toller, Elizabeth; Chang, Eric; Honda, Allaina; Anglin, Bryce; Bacchus, Jessica; Lopez, Alejandro; Sodergren, Stephanie

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this research effort is to determine the most appropriate, cost efficient, and effective method to utilize for finding moments of inertia for the Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Dryden Remotely Operated Integrated Drone (DROID). A moment is a measure of the body's tendency to turn about its center of gravity (CG) and inertia is the resistance of a body to changes in its momentum. Therefore, the moment of inertia (MOI) is a body's resistance to change in rotation about its CG. The inertial characteristics of an UAV have direct consequences on aerodynamics, propulsion, structures, and control. Therefore, it is imperative to determine the precise inertial characteristics of the DROID.

  6. Dermatofibroma: Atypical presentations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mousumi Roy Bandyopadhyay

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dermatofibroma is a common benign fibrohistiocytic tumor and its diagnosis is easy when it presents classical clinicopathological features. However, a dermatofibroma may show a wide variety of clinicopathological variants and, therefore, the diagnosis may be difficult. The typical dermatofibroma generally occurs as a single or multiple firm reddish-brown nodules. We report here two atypical presentations of dermatofibroma - Atrophic dermatofibroma and keloidal presentation of dermatofibroma. Clinical dermal atrophy is a common phenomenon in dermatofibromas as demonstrated by the dimpling on lateral pressure. However, this feature is exaggerated in the atrophic variant of dermatofibroma. Atrophic dermatofibroma is defined by dermal atrophy of more than 50% of the lesion apart from the usual features of common dermatofibroma. The keloidal variant of dermatofibroma should not be overlooked as a simple keloid. The findings of keloidal change in dermatofibromas may support that trauma is a possible cause of dermatofibroma.

  7. Dermatofibroma: Atypical Presentations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandyopadhyay, Mousumi Roy; Besra, Mrinal; Dutta, Somasree; Sarkar, Somnath

    2016-01-01

    Dermatofibroma is a common benign fibrohistiocytic tumor and its diagnosis is easy when it presents classical clinicopathological features. However, a dermatofibroma may show a wide variety of clinicopathological variants and, therefore, the diagnosis may be difficult. The typical dermatofibroma generally occurs as a single or multiple firm reddish-brown nodules. We report here two atypical presentations of dermatofibroma - Atrophic dermatofibroma and keloidal presentation of dermatofibroma. Clinical dermal atrophy is a common phenomenon in dermatofibromas as demonstrated by the dimpling on lateral pressure. However, this feature is exaggerated in the atrophic variant of dermatofibroma. Atrophic dermatofibroma is defined by dermal atrophy of more than 50% of the lesion apart from the usual features of common dermatofibroma. The keloidal variant of dermatofibroma should not be overlooked as a simple keloid. The findings of keloidal change in dermatofibromas may support that trauma is a possible cause of dermatofibroma. PMID:26955137

  8. Redundant Information Presentation in Hypertext Learning Environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezdan, Eniko; Kester, Liesbeth; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2011-01-01

    Bezdan, E., Kester, L., & Kirschner, P. A. (2011, 29 August). Redundant Information Presentation in Hypertext Learning Environments. Presentation at the pre-conference of the Junior Researchers of EARLI, Exeter, United Kingdom.

  9. Book Presentation | 27 February

    CERN Multimedia

    The CERN Library

    2013-01-01

    "A caccia del bosone di Higgs. Magneti, governi, scienziati e particelle nell'impresa scientifica del secolo" by Luciano Maiani and Romeo Bassoli, published by Mondadori. On Wednesday 27 February Luciano Maiani will present the book "A caccia del bosone di Higgs. Magneti, governi, scienziati e particelle nell'impresa scientifica del secolo". More information here. The presentation will take place in the Council Chamber at 16.00 and will be followed by a debate and book signing. The book will be on sale. You are cordially invited.

  10. [Atypical presentation of preeclampsia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditisheim, A; Boulvain, M; Irion, O; Pechère-Bertschi, A

    2015-09-01

    Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-related syndrome, which still represents one of the major causes of maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis can be made difficult due to the complexity of the disorder and its wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. In order to provide an efficient diagnostic tool to the clinician, medical societies regularly rethink the definition criteria. However, there are still clinical presentations of preeclampsia that escape the frame of the definition. The present review will address atypical forms of preeclampsia, such as preeclampsia without proteinuria, normotensive preeclampsia, preeclampsia before 20 weeks of gestation and post-partum preeclampsia.

  11. The Earth: Present Scenario

    OpenAIRE

    Nishad Gopal Deshpande

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the present scenario of our motherly loved planet ‘Earth’ is presented. We are living in one of the most developed phases of the Earth’s life cycle. The choices we make today will determine the life on the Earth, tomorrow. Problems that are been created by us and the consequences we are going to face are discussed in length. Some statistical data is provided to get a brief idea. Measure/prevention(s) to combat the upcoming problems have been putforth.

  12. Plenary presentations - opening remarks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simon, R.M.

    1993-12-31

    I am pleased to be here today as one of the U.S. Co-Chairs for the Second U.S./Japan Workshop on Global Change. This series of workshops is an outgrowth of the 1988 bilateral agreement between the U.S. and Japanese governments on scientific and technological cooperation. That agreement called for comparable access to, and exchange of, information in scientific and technological fields, as well as the joint undertaking of cooperative activities for peaceful purposes in nationally important areas of science and technology. Meetings such as this were envisioned under the agreement to allow experts from both sides to discuss and exchange information on scientific and technological aspects of important problems and to identify research and development projects that might usefully be undertaken on a cooperative basis. The first U.S./Japan Workshop on Global Change focused on research needed to better understand how the global climate system operates, what the interactions are between the climate system and marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and how Earth systems might respond to global climatic changes.

  13. Presentation of 2004 earnings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation offers financial information on the AREVA Group earnings for the year 2004. With manufacturing facilities in over 40 countries and a sales network in over 100, Areva offers customers technological solutions for nuclear power generation and electricity transmission and distribution. The Group also provides interconnect systems to the telecommunications, computer and automotive markets. (A.L.B.)

  14. Keynote presentation : SAR systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Halsema, D. van; Otten, M.P.G.; Maas, A.P.M.; Bolt, R.J.; Anitori, L.

    2011-01-01

    Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) systems are becoming increasingly important sensors in as well the military environment as in the civilian market. In this keynote presentation an overview will be given over more than 2 decades of SAR system∼ and SAR application development at TNO in the Netherlands.

  15. Intraductal Papilloma: Atypical Presentation

    OpenAIRE

    P Ramaswamy; Tanya Khaitan; Anuradha, A.; B Praveen Kumar; Sudhakar, S.

    2013-01-01

    Ductal papillomas have unique papillary features arising from the salivary gland duct system. They comprise three rare benign adenomas, namely, inverted ductal papilloma, sialadenoma papilliferum, and intraductal papilloma. Intraductal papilloma is an extremely rare benign salivary gland tumor that occurs most commonly in the minor salivary glands. Here, we are presenting a case report of intraductal papilloma in an 18-year-old patient.

  16. Managing Presentation Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Jackie L.; LeMay, Elaine

    2004-01-01

    All business communication professors struggle with anxiety-ridden students when discussing public speaking. To alleviate students' fears of speaking in public a process was designed to allow business communication students to acknowledge, address, and annul their presentation fears. A six-year comparative study using qualitative methods and…

  17. Presentation of 2004 earnings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-03-01

    This presentation offers financial information on the AREVA Group earnings for the year 2004. With manufacturing facilities in over 40 countries and a sales network in over 100, Areva offers customers technological solutions for nuclear power generation and electricity transmission and distribution. The Group also provides interconnect systems to the telecommunications, computer and automotive markets. (A.L.B.)

  18. Fleet DNA (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walkokwicz, K.; Duran, A.

    2014-06-01

    The Fleet DNA project objectives include capturing and quantifying drive cycle and technology variation for the multitude of medium- and heavy-duty vocations; providing a common data storage warehouse for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle fleet data across DOE activities and laboratories; and integrating existing DOE tools, models, and analyses to provide data-driven decision making capabilities. Fleet DNA advantages include: for Government - providing in-use data for standard drive cycle development, R&D, tech targets, and rule making; for OEMs - real-world usage datasets provide concrete examples of customer use profiles; for fleets - vocational datasets help illustrate how to maximize return on technology investments; for Funding Agencies - ways are revealed to optimize the impact of financial incentive offers; and for researchers -a data source is provided for modeling and simulation.

  19. Analysis of the present research status and key technology of the humanoid emotion-interactive countenance robot%仿人情感交互表情机器人研究现状及关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯显信; 尚宇峰; 卢孔笔

    2013-01-01

    仿人情感交互表情机器人作为当前智能机器人研究领域中热门的研究方向之一,引起了广泛的关注。为了更加深入地研究仿人表情机器人,对日本、美国、欧盟和国内表情机器人的一些研究成果做了总结。分析了仿人情感交互表情机器人研究的理论框架和关键技术。最后,探讨了未来的发展趋势,对今后的研究方向提出了几点看法。%An increasing amount of research is being focused on the contemporary field of robotic intelligence .As a result, the humanoid emotion-interactive countenance robot is attracting wider attention .This paper summarizes some of the research achievements regarding the countenance robot in Japan , the USA, the European Union and China .Additionally this paper analyzes the theoretical framework and key technology of the research for the human-oid emotion-interactive countenance robot , and finally the authors discuss the future development trends and put forward some opinions on the future direction of the research .

  20. A literature review on human factors research using motorcycle simulators. Paper presented at the Driving Simulation Conference (DSC) 2015 Edition, 16-18 Sept 2015, Tübingen (Germany).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kovácsová, N. Di Gesu, M. Schwab, A.L. Toso, A. Gubitosa, M. Hagenzieker, M.P. & Winter, J.C.F. de

    2015-01-01

    Motorcycle simulators are used for a variety of purposes, including rider assessment, rider training, the evaluation of vehicle technology, and research on support and warning systems. One of the main advantages of using simulators, as opposed to using real motorcycles, is that it is possible to rid

  1. Conversation VS Presentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯克为

    2015-01-01

    <正>It is always said that a good teacher should be a good lecturer.He or she should at least master all the different methods of presenting a good presentation to students.We expect our teachers to give a wonderful lecture in class and that’s everything a successful teacher should do.However,is this truly right?Does it really make sense that a teacher should be a lecturer and treat our students as audiences in class?No,I don’t think so.Especially after all these years of teaching primary and middle school students,I think a successful teacher should be a good talker.They should always know how

  2. El escenario del presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz, Manuel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The disappearance of the idea of progress in post-Enlightenment thought constitutes one of the central tenets of the network of topics that make up contemporary social imagery. However, that tenet, which in a sense has been present from the origins of the Enlightment tradition, produces discursive effects of significant relevance, a particular kind of perverse effects related to thought, not always legitimized enough to certify that disappearance.

    La desaparición de la idea de progreso en el pensamiento postilustrado constituye uno de los convencimientos centrales del entramado de tópicos que forman el imaginario social contemporáneo. Pero dicho convencimiento, en cierto modo presente desde los orígenes de la propia tradición ilustrada, da lugar a efectos discursivos de considerable importancia, a una particular modalidad de efectos perversos en materia de pensamiento, no siempre suficientemente aquilatados al certificar dicha desaparición.

  3. Presentation = Speech + Slides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derik Badman

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Back in October, Aaron Schmidt posted “HOWTO give a good presentation” to his blog walking paper. His second bullet point of “thoughts” on good presentations is: Please don’t fill your slides with words. Find some relevant and pretty pictures to support what you’re saying. You can use the pictures to remind yourself what you’re going [...

  4. Choriocarcinoma presenting with thyrotoxicosis

    OpenAIRE

    Sotello, David; Rivas, Ana Marcella; Test, Victor J.; Lado-Abeal, Joaquin

    2016-01-01

    We describe a 26-year-old man with metastatic choriocarcinoma who presented with hyperthyroidism associated with elevated β-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-HCG) and respiratory failure secondary to diffuse lung metastasis. After the first cycle of chemotherapy, the concentration of B-HCG dramatically decreased and the patient became euthyroid, allowing us to discontinue antithyroid medications. The patient's hyperthyroidism was caused by stimulation of the thyroid gland by high B-HCG levels, ...

  5. Heterotrophic Pregnancy- Rare Presentation

    OpenAIRE

    AB Chattopadhyay; Somshekhar Sharma; Kushagra Garg

    2013-01-01

    Heterotopic pregnancy, a potentially dangerous and life-threatening clinical associated with intrauterine (IU) and extra uterine pregnancies at the same time. Incidence of such cases are rare but very often missed as the diagnosis being overlooked during examination of the pregnant women with risk factors for an ectopic pregnancy such as free fluid with or without an adnexal mass or acute abdominal pain and shock presentation. Hence a high degree of clinical evaluation is warranted examining ...

  6. Tuberous Sclerosis: Multiple Presentations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sanei Taheri

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal do-minant genetic disorder that involves multiple or-gans. The predominant lesions are the hamartomas. Classically tuberous sclerosis has been characterized by a classic clinical triad of facial angiofibromas in 90%,retardation in 50-80%,seizure 80-90% and all three in 30%."nThe disease occurs in 1:100,000 persons in all races with nearly equal distribution between the sexes. "nCase Presentation: We had six patients who admitted with different presentations of tuberous sclerosis with a past history of convulsion from childhood, skin le-sions and mental retardation, also with new onset headache and changed pattern of convulsion. In physical examination facial angiofibromas and sub-ungual fibromas apparently detected. Brain CT scan study with contrast showed multiple calcified nod-ules associated with tubers and ventriculomegaly, also an enhancing enlarged nodule at foramen of mo-nro, which was suggestive of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SGCA. In abdominal and pelvic CT scan and ultrasonography, massive bilateral angio-myolipomatosis diagnosed. Also Focal hypodense le-sions in liver which were hyperechoic in ultrasono-graphy were diagnosed. With MRI study tubers, white matter lesions and subependymal nodules asso-ciated with SGCA were detected better. After surgery SGCA was proved."nDiscussion: Our patients had different presentations and various findings of this spectrum discussed in this lecture.

  7. Retinoblastoma presenting as metastasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of metastatic retinoblastoma on initial presentation. Design: Prospective study. Place and duration of study: Supra Regional Centre for Retinoblastoma, Department of Ophthalmology, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar Pakistan from July 1, 1999 to January 31, 2003. Methods: Data was collected from 80 registered Retinoblastoma patients admitted and examined under anaesthesia for tumours assessment. Diagnosis was supported with the help of CT scan and confirmed by histopathology of the enucleated specimen for evidence of optic nerve invasion by the tumour. Results: Twenty (25%) patients were presenting as Metastasis on initial presentation. Mean age was 3.5 years, range was 7 months to 12 years. Out of these 20 patients with metastasis, 10 were male and 10 were female. Eighteen (90%) of them were from lower socio-economic group. Conclusion: Failure in early diagnosis of retinoblastoma, advance age and unilateral disease are associated with extraocular spread; this tragic scenario can be prevented best be early detection and prompt treatment plan implementation. (author)

  8. PREFACE: Young Researcher Meeting in Rome 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, Fabio; Cattani, Giordano; Mazzaferro, Luca; Migliaccio, Marina; Pietrobon, Davide; Ricci Pacifici, Daniel; Stellato, Francesco; Veneziani, Marcella

    2012-10-01

    Conference logo At its third edition, the Young Researcher Meeting in Rome (YRMR) proves to be a growing event in the Italian scientific panorama. The high-quality content of the abstracts submitted to the scientific committee resulted in an exciting conference, held, for the second time, at the University of Rome 'Tor Vergata' on 20 January 2012. A busy schedule covered a large variety of cutting-edge science topics: fundamental interactions, particle physics, cosmology, astrophysics, condensed matter and biomedical physics. The broad range of the subjects discussed is the distinctive feature of the YRMR, a meeting aimed at enhancing the synergy among complementary branches of science by stimulating a fruitful exchange between theoretical, experimental and computational physics. Promoting collaborations between PhD students, postdoctoral fellows and young researchers creates a solid scientific network with an open-minded approach to discovery. In this volume, we collect the contributions that have been presented both in the form of talks and of posters. YRMR Organising and Editorial Committee Fabio Agostini (fabio.agostini@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Giordano Cattani (giordano.cattani@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' INFN sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Luca Mazzaferro (luca.mazzaferro@roma2.infn.it) Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma 'Tor Vergata' INFN sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata' Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma Italy Marina Migliaccio (migliaccio@ifca.unican.es) Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, Edificio Juan Jorda, Avenida de los Castros, E-39005 Santander, Cantabria Spain Davide Pietrobon (davide.pietrobon@jpl.nasa.gov) Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology 4800 Oak Grove Drive 169-237 91109 Pasadena, CA USA Daniel Ricci Pacifici

  9. Xeroderma pigmentosum. Case presentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damaris Díaz Leonard

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Twelve years old patient (YGS, female, white, of rural origin; with history of facial and truncal bullae since the age of eight months when exposed to the sun light. It was first diagnosed as solar dermatitis. At the age of 6 it was assessed as xeroderma pigmentosum. This diagnosis was confirmed at the age of 10 by the histopathology department and reassessed by the National Reference Centre. For the infrequency of this disease, a bibliographic revision was carried out to make a report for this case presentation.

  10. Hibernoma - an unusual presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amitabh Jena

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Hibernomas are rare benign tumours of brown adipose tissue. They are usually encountered in young males usually in their third decade of life. A 50-year-old lady presented with a swelling over the right forearm region that was soft, nontender and was gradually increasing in size over the last one year. The patient underwent surgical excision of the mass which was confirmed to be hibernoma (mixed variant. This case is being reported for documenting the occurrence of hibernoma in a rare location (forearm and in an older women aged 50 years.

  11. Toxocariasis Presenting as Encephalomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Helsen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a farmer who presented with a clinical picture of a transverse thoracic myelitis. MRI showed inflammatory lesions in brain and thoracic spinal cord. Toxocariasis was suspected because of eosinophilia in blood and cerebrospinal fluid, and this diagnosis was confirmed immunologically. He was successfully treated with antihelminthics in combination with corticosteroids. Neurotoxocariasis is rare and diagnosis can be difficult because of the different and atypical clinical manifestations. It should be considered in every case of central neurological syndrome associated with eosinophilia.

  12. Exit Presentation -- Maintaining Balance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heap, Erin

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the projects which the author engaged in during an internship at Johnson Space Center. Project 1 was involved with Stochastic Resonance (SR). Stochastic resonance is a phenomenon in which the response of a non-linear system to a weak input signal is optimized by the presence of a particular non-zero level of noise. The goal of this project was to develop a countermeasure for sensorimotor disturbances that are experienced after long duration space flight. The second project was a pilot study that was to examine how adaptation to a novel functional task was affected by postural disturbance.

  13. Choriocarcinoma presenting with thyrotoxicosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotello, David; Rivas, Ana Marcella; Test, Victor J; Lado-Abeal, Joaquin

    2016-01-01

    We describe a 26-year-old man with metastatic choriocarcinoma who presented with hyperthyroidism associated with elevated β-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-HCG) and respiratory failure secondary to diffuse lung metastasis. After the first cycle of chemotherapy, the concentration of B-HCG dramatically decreased and the patient became euthyroid, allowing us to discontinue antithyroid medications. The patient's hyperthyroidism was caused by stimulation of the thyroid gland by high B-HCG levels, as shown by the marked improvement of the patient's thyroid function panel after chemotherapy. PMID:26722165

  14. ITPACK project: Past, present, and future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kincaid, D.R.; Hayes, L.J.; Young, D.M. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31

    A status report is given on past, present, and future work in the development of research-oriented software packages. The authors` current and future work involves the following areas of research and associated software development: (1) Parallel Iterative Software Using Kernels; (2) Visual Programming; (3) Research on Iterative Algorithms; (4) Objective-oriented Design. The overall objective of this research is to advance iterative methods software technology.

  15. Accessing Funding for Conservation and Research Work in Kenya: presented at a workshop on 'Writing Funding Proposals and Communcating Results', National Museums of Kenya 10-12 May 2004.

    OpenAIRE

    Ruhiu, J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Developing countries have limited financial resources to support conservation and research and even where finances are incorporated in government budgets, these are inadequate. Kenya has a diverse assemblage of natural resources requiring huge financial resources. Although wildlife tourism generates up to US$ 27 million annually and a third of foreign exchange earnings, contributing up to 10% to formal employment and 5% to GDP, little of this fund is ploughed back either to support conservati...

  16. EDITORIAL: Presentation of Manuscripts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, R. P.

    1984-01-01

    We wish to draw the attention of authors to two points concerning the presentation of manuscripts. First, some changes have been made recently in our Instructions to Authors. We have reduced from two to one the number of duplicate copies of the manuscript required, asked for corrected proofs to be returned to the Editor rather than directly to the publishers, clarified that a single set of illustration-photographs will suffice, removed a specific suggestion for a style manual that we had offered for general guidance only, and added an instruction on conventions in spelling and hyphenation. Secondly, authors are required, of course, to present a thorough analysis of their experimental data and to include an estimate of their uncertainty. For this purpose, however, we strongly encourage the authors to follow the recommendations put forward by an international working group [1] to the Comité International des Poids et Mesures (CIPM) and endorsed by that body in its Recommandation 1 (CI-1981). This recommendation has been published by the CIPM [2] and was also summarized recently in this journal [3]. [1] 1981 Metrologia 17 69-74, in particular, see pp 73-74 [2] 1981 ProcA~¨s-Verbaux CIPM 10th Session 49, A1 A12. An English language version is available on application to the Director of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. [3] 1982 Metrologia 18 41-44, in particular, see p 44.

  17. Bad (Re)Presentations

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    This time, we would like to address copyright violations (again) - but with a twist. While previous articles focussed on “Music, videos and the risk for CERN” or on software licences, the focus is now on using photos, music and images “found” on the Web for presentations, publications and web pages…   Just recently, a video produced for CERN and published on YouTube and Facebook used background music from a contemporary popular artist. However, the people responsible failed to obtain the appropriate permission to actually use that music. They thought that having bought it on iTunes was sufficient. But it was not: “buying” means you have the right to listen, but not the right for further distribution or re-publication. As a result, the videos were pulled from YouTube and Facebook. Similarly, how many of us integrate graphics and images “found” on the Web into our presentations?  How many of us...

  18. 面向大数据的内存数据管理研究现状与展望%Present research status and prospects of in-memory data management in big data era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嵇智源; 潘巍

    2014-01-01

    对面向大数据的内存数据管理技术的相关研究进行综述。梳理大数据环境下数据管理技术发展的脉络和格局的变化;分析新环境下的内存数据管理技术面临的发展机遇与研究挑战;介绍相关的前沿研究,其中包括分布式编程模型、混合存储体系结构、内存数据管理等;给出技术和管理上的发展展望。%Researches on the in-memory data management technology orienting big data were surveyed .The progress and the new landscape of data management technologies were introduced under big data circumstances .In addition ,opportunities and re-search challenges were identified .Then the current research frontiers were given including the programming model ,the hybrid storage architecture and the in-memory computing etc .Finally ,the development prospects of the technical and managerial work w ere discussed .

  19. 护理学硕士研究生择业效能感研究现状%The present condition of research on career - selection self - efficacy of nursing postgraduate students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩剑童; 王燕

    2012-01-01

    The occupational choice process of nursing postgraduate student was a complicated psychology process.The studies of career - selection self - efficacy was helpful to improve competence in career and reduce pressure.This article summarized the related research of career - selection self - efficacy both at home and abroad.It introduced the concept of career - selection self - efficacy and the meaning of study on career - selection self - efficacy of nursing master postgraduate.It summarized instruments of study and research status quo of career - selection self - efficacy.And it put forward some questions on research of career - selection self- efficacy.%护理研究生的择业过程是一个复杂的心理过程,对其择业效能感的研究有助于提高择业能力以及减小择业心理压力.本文对国内外择业效能感的相关研究进行了综述,从择业效能感的概念,护理学研究生择业效能感研究的意义,择业效能感的研究工具,护理研究生择业效能感的研究现状方面进行探讨并提出研究中的问题.

  20. Clinical Research of Present Situation on Acupuncture Treatment for Insomnia in Recent 5 Years%近5年来针灸治疗失眠症临床研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐羽; 张镭潇; 胡幼平; 吴佳; 陆鹏; 刘敏; 罗荣

    2013-01-01

    There are many treatments for insomnia,including acupuncture,moxibustion,auricular point plaster therapy.This article reviewed the clinical research of acupuncture treatment for insomnia in recent five years,and summarized them.First it confirmed the clinical effects of acupuncture treatment for insomnia.Meanwhile,it raised the problems in insomnia research.We hope that doctors in the same field pay attention to them and promote the continuable development of acupuncture treatment in insomnia research.%针灸治疗失眠的方式多种多样,如毫针、灸法、耳穴等形式.该文查阅近5年来针灸治疗失眠的临床研究,分门别类进行综述,肯定了针灸疗法治疗失眠的临床疗效,但目前研究仍存在不足,希望能引起同道的一些重视,促进针灸在治疗失眠研究中的不断发展.

  1. July 1999 working group meeting on heavy vehicle aerodynamic drag: presentations and summary of comments and conclusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brady, M; Browand, F; Flowers, D; Hammache, M; Landreth, G; Leonard, A; McCallen, R; Ross, J; Rutledge, W; Salari, K

    1999-08-16

    A Working Group Meeting on Heavy Vehicle Aerodynamic Drag was held at University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California on July 30, 1999. The purpose of the meeting was to present technical details on the experimental and computational plans and approaches and provide an update on progress in obtaining experimental results, model developments, and simulations. The focus of the meeting was a review of University of Southern California's (USC) experimental plans and results and the computational results from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for the integrated tractor-trailer benchmark geometry called the Sandia Model. Much of the meeting discussion involved the NASA Ames 7 ft x 10 ft wind tunnel tests and the need for documentation of the results. The present and projected budget and funding situation was also discussed. Presentations were given by representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Transportation Technology Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology (OHVT), LLNL, SNL, USC, and California Institute of Technology (Caltech). This report contains the technical presentations (viewgraphs) delivered at the Meeting, briefly summarizes the comments and conclusions, and outlines the future action items.

  2. Presenting practice financial information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Lee Ann H

    2007-01-01

    Medical practice leadership teams, often consisting primarily of physicians with limited financial backgrounds, must make important business decisions and continuously monitor practice operations. In order to competently perform this duty, they need financial reports that are relevant and easy to understand. This article explores financial reporting and decision-making in a physician practice. It discusses reports and tools, such as ratios, graphs, and comparisons, that practices typically include in their reports. Because profitability and cash flow are often the most important financial considerations for physician practices, reports should generally focus on the impact of various activities and potential decisions upon these concerns. This article also provides communication tips for both those presenting practice financial information and those making the decisions. By communicating effectively, these leaders can best use financial information to improve decision-making and maximize financial performance. PMID:17974087

  3. Giving effective presentations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englehart, Nadine

    2004-03-01

    Apprehension about oral communication, or public speaking is rated as the number one fear among most individuals. Developing skill in, and comfort with, public speaking is important whether we are presenting oral reports and proposals, responding to questions, or training co-workers. Effective speakers are able to communicate information in a way that stimulates interest, helps the audience to understand and remember, and influences attitudes and behaviours. Many of us think that effective speakers are born rather than made. In truth most successful speakers work hard and invest a great deal of time and effort in to improving their speaking capabilities. Effective public speaking is a learned skill and activity that requires lots of practice. Like other learned skills, having a strategy with clear action steps can help you achieve your goal. PMID:15116467

  4. RESRAD model presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, C.; Faillace, E.; Chen, S.Y. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Wallo, A. III; Williams, W.A.; Peterson, H.; Domotor, S. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1998-05-01

    RESRAD was one of the multimedia models selected by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to include in its workshop on radiation dose modeling and demonstration of compliance with the radiological criteria for license termination. This paper is a summary of the presentation made at the workshop and focuses on the 10 questions the NRC distributed to all participants prior to the workshop. The code selection criteria, which were solicited by the NRC, for demonstrating compliance with the license termination rule are also included. Among the RESRAD family of codes, RESRAD and RESRAD-BUILD are designed for evaluating radiological contamination in soils and in buildings. Many documents have been published to support the use of these codes. This paper focuses on these two codes. The pathways considered, the databases and parameters used, quality control and quality assurance, benchmarking, verification and validation of these codes, and capabilities as well as limitations of these codes are discussed in detail.

  5. Presenting numerical risk estimates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Environment Agency for England and Wales has, together with the other Environment Agencies, published guidance on the requirements for authorisation for the disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. The guidance specifies an individual risk target for the post-closure period, and requires developers to consider collective radiological impacts. Information on how risks and impacts should be calculated or assessed has not been published. The objectives of this report are to provide background information on the calculation of risk, to review how regulatory regimes for other activities and in other countries use risk criteria, including both individual and societal risk criteria. Conclusions and recommendations are presented on how the Environment Agency might develop additional guidance to ensure that safety cases meet the Agency's requirements

  6. Water Past and Present

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    This image of sulfate and water ice deposits in the Olympia Undae region of Mars was taken by the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) at 2213 UTC on October 2, 2006 (6:13 p.m. EDT) near 81.6 degrees north latitude, 188.9 degrees east longitude. CRISM's image was taken in 544 colors covering 0.36-3.92 micrometers, and shows features as small as 20 meters (66 feet) across. Olympia Undae is a large dune field that stretches some 1,100 kilometers (684 miles) across the northern polar region of Mars, just south of the ice cap. The region holds a vast expanse of complex, shifting dunes and is best described as a sand sea or erg similar to the Sahara. The two images above provide interesting clues into Mars' history by revealing the planet's wet past and frozen present. The left image is an infrared, false-color image that reveals dark-colored dunes overlying a lighter substrate. Spectral data from CRISM and its sister instrument OMEGA suggest similar compositions of these dunes and the dark basal, or lowermost, unit of the north polar layered deposits. HIRISE images revealed cross-bedding (crossed layers that are oriented at a different angle to the main layer) in this dark unit. On Earth, cross-bedded sediments can form in both windy and watery environments. The dark polar basal unit on Mars is interpreted as a sand sheet underlying and pre-dating the ice, and now being eroded to dunes by the Martian winds. The mineralogy of the Olympia Undae region holds a record of past water. CRISM spectral data (right image) shows that the darker dunes are rich in polyhydrated sulfate (sulfates with more than one water molecule incorporated into each molecule of the mineral). The mineral gypsum is a polyhydrated sulfate, and the most likely constituent in these dunes. The gypsum probably formed by evaporation of ancient, saline water or by aqueous alteration of the silicate portion of the dune material. Areas shaded in red are cover by dust. Blue areas in

  7. Analysis on Science Research Present Situation of Municipal Museums of Shanxi Cultural Relics and Museum System%山西文博系统市级博物馆学术研究现状探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭智勇

    2015-01-01

    学术研究是博物馆其他业务工作的重要基础,其成果最终通过陈列展览输出给公众,成为搭建于文物和公众之间的一座桥梁。近年来,山西文博系统各市级博物馆充分利用文物优势,广泛开展学术研究与交流,取得可喜成果,但也存在些许不足。本文通过探究博物馆科学研究中存在的问题,并给予对策分析。结果表明,人才培养、科研规划、团队建设、图书资料配备等是提高科研水平的重要条件和保障。%Scientific research is an important foundation of the museum among other business work, the results finally through the exhibition on display outputs to the public,and serves as a bridge between heritage and public . In recent years, Municipal Muse⁃ums of Shanxi Cultural Relics and Museum System make full use of advantages, carry out a wide range of academic research and ex⁃change, and make gratifying achievements, but there are also some problems. In this paper, by exploring the existence of of science re⁃search problems about the Museum, the author give the countermeasure analysis. The article thinks the talent training, the scientif⁃ic planning, the team building and the library materials equipment is an important condition andguarantee to improve the level of scien⁃tific research.

  8. 缓/控释肥料的研究现状及发展趋势%Researching Present Situation and Developing Trend for Releasing Fertilizer Slowly/Controlled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英; 熊海蓉; 李霞; 熊远福; 文祝友; 王楠楠

    2012-01-01

    Author has introduced the definition and type of releasing fertilizer slowly/controlled ; has described the developing process and researching progress for the releasing fertilizer slowly/controlled abroad and at home; has prospected the developing tendency of the releasing fertilizer slowly/ controlled.%介绍了缓/控释肥料的定义和类型;阐述了国内外缓/控释肥料的发展历程和研究进展;展望了缓/控释肥料的发展趋势。

  9. Country Presentation Pakistan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gill Akhtar, Khalida [Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, PS, QA/QC, 44400 Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2008-07-01

    Facilities for Production of Radioisotopes: - New facility for the production of Molybdenum-99, - Facility (dry distillation) for the production of Iodine-131, - Facility (wet distillation) for the production of Iodine-131, - Facility for the production of Iodine-131 capsules, - Clean laboratory for the production of {sup 99m}Tc Generators, - Facility for the production of {sup 32}P. Radiopharmaceuticals are supplied to 13 NMC and 14 other Hospitals. Needs: Pakistan has acute shortage of energy i.e. electricity and fuel. Thermal power is very expensive and hydropower is not possible because of nuclear energy to look after growing energy needs of country. Pakistan needs nuclear energy in the field of medical, biology and agriculture needs to irradiate disease and increase in agricultural production by irradiation of seeds and other methods. Education: Extensive research is needed to find out necessity of nuclear energy in common transport like nuclear submarine and launching of satellite trough nuclear energy. Pakistan ha very limited facility for importing nuclear education. Facility of nuclear education is the need of the day and it should be set up at all universities. Training facility is available in PEACE but should concentrate on establishing good Institutes through out Pakistan. WiN Pakistan is a recent phenomenon in Pakistan. Awareness increased after the WiN Canada. meeting where sponsorship to participate was kindly sponsored by Canada. Currently there are 70 members registered with Win Global. General Activities: This is being done by the IAEA sponsored Regional Training Courses, Seminars and Conferences in Pakistan. A number of activities are in progress for awareness creation in general public and end users about the safety of the nuclear techniques as well as advantages. Women are playing a very proactive role. WIN Pakistan need to organize as number of participants are increasing. Make conscious effort to involve more women. Organize the WiN Pakistan structure

  10. THE UPSIDE OF PRESENTISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Fendler

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presentismo es visto generalmente como un mal necesario en historiografía. Este artículo explora lo positivo de esta inevitabilidad. Aplicando un enfoque filosófico al análisis discursivo en la tradición de la nueva historia cultural, se distingue -de una parte-¿ entre un uso estratégico del presentismo, y -de otra- un enfoque racionalista en historia. El artículo concluye considerando algunas implicaciones políticas en historiografía de las explicaciones racionalistas y de las explicaciones estratégicamente presentistas. Los modos de comprensión racionalistas inscriben las expectativas del pasado en las visiones del futuro; asignando al historiador el papel de profeta; y perpetuando nociones de agentes ahistóricos. En contraste, las historias estratégicamente presentistas incorporan una orientación que deliberadamente emplea las lentes y perspectivas del presente en orden a tener en cuenta supuestos y perspectivas actuales. Cuando las asunciones son examinadas en relación a las perspectivas presentistas, dichos presupuestos sueltan su rienda en el pensamiento. Dado que el presentismo es inevitable, no debe ser desestimado por completo, sino que debe ser una cuestión sondeada y examinada críticamente. Con dicho foco, el presentismo estratégico en la historiografía debe posibilitar una reflexión sobre los límites de lo que es posible pensar.

  11. TACE Case Presentations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahyar Mohammadifard

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Gold standard treatment of hepatocellular carci-noma is surgical resection but more than 80% of patients with HCC are unresectable at the time of diagnosis, and due to poor local circumstances or the patient's general condition, the prognosis is poor. "nBecause HCC tumors are fed exclusively by the he-patic artery, successful TACE leads to tumor necrosis. The liver parenchyma is rarely damaged because it is fed by the portal vein. Injection of an emulsion of iodized oil and cytostatic agents into the hepatic artery leads to selective deposition of the emulsion in the tumor. Compared with intravenous administration of cytostatic material, TACE reduces the maximum plasma concentration and increases the average concentration of cytostatic agents in the tumor, especially when the cytostatic material is combined with gelatin powder particles. "nFor example, concentration of an emulsion of cisplatin in iodized oil 4-9 weeks after intraarterial administration is 42 times greater in the tumor than in the parenchyma."nTwo cases of HCC are presented which were treated successfully with TACE 20 months ago."nIn the first patient after one session of TACE, tumor markers fell down into normal range and MDCT showed complete necrosis and cystic changes in the mass without residual or recurrent tumor until this time. "nIn the next case tumor markers showed no significant decrease after the first session of TACE and MDCT showed residual tumor which was fed by an accessory arterial branch from SMA. This branch was treated in another session. Two months later, tumor markers fell down and MDCT showed no tumor activity. "nThese patients have been symptom free after the mentioned interventions.

  12. BOUVERET'S SYNDROME (CASE PRESENTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bouveret's syndrome is defined as gastric outlet obstruction caused by duodenal impaction of a large gallstone which passes into the duodenal bulb through a cholecystogastric or cholecystoduodenal fistula. We describe a case of Bouv eret's Syndrome in an middle aged patient that was successfully treated with resection of distal part of stomach and 1 st part of duodenum by laparotomy. We will also review the literature on this uncommon condition. Biliary enteric fistula is as such a rar e complication and comparatively rare cause of intestinal obstruction. And even if becomes so; generally it lodges in the terminal ileum and rarely in duodenum. Obstructing proximal part of duodenum or distal part of stomach is a curiosity and i.e. Bouvere t’s syndrome. Generally patient presents with nausea, vomiting, haematemesis, abdominal distention or epigastric pain. G.I. bleeding, obstructive jaundice, pancreatitis or duodenal or gastric perforation are rare complications. The treatment is purely surg ical – either enterolithotomy or gastrotomy with associated cholecystectomy with repair of fistula or enterolithotomy with or without second stage cholecystectomy. It is worth to mention here that so far histological findings of Bouveret’s syndrome are no t described in the literature. Even though findings are not that much specific; but presence of foci of abscesses, dense mixed inflammatory exudates in all the coats of distal part of stomach, 1 st part of duodenum and gall bladder along with formation of l ymphoid follicles with prominent germinal centers in muscle coat are definitely mentionable and we feel these may give clue. On gross examination the thickness of stomach wall and duodenal wall are increased and there is narrowing of lumen. If there is sto ne in gall bladder; it may also show thickened out wall due to presence of chronic cholelithiasis with cholecystitis.

  13. Round table presentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: This Round Table deals with the main problems in the operational implementation of radiation safety standards. I will not reiterate previous comments that were made in the other sessions and round tables but I will make a very wide and open presentation in this regard. Since we are discussing problems, I will present this from a general perspective and not just from a national one. So, in my experience problems result from two main causes: problems at the organization level and those due to unsolved or pending technical aspects. The first group concerns organizational problems. In my view, according to my experience, and not only in Argentina, the basic problems are usually related to ineffectual regulatory performance. Second, non-appropriate technical competence in radiation protection and safety matters at all levels; that means at worker, employer and regulatory levels. However, legal competence is a necessary condition but not a sufficient one. The basic point here is knowledge - knowledge and experience - and we can have a very formal and appropriate background of real competence, real instruments, but if we don't have real technical competence the results will not be very satisfactory. Another topic concerns the inadequate discharge of managerial responsibilities at the operational level and following on from this, a weak safety culture and a lack of an effective quality system. The operational implementation of radiation protection standards is often more formalistic than realistic. So in this type of case, for any given country, a commitment at a very high political level is a necessity. The second set of factors associated with such problems are unsolved or pending technical factors and in my view the issue with the complex system of exemption, clearance and action levels, particularly in the case of commodities, is to establish an adequate set of activity concentration levels for specific radionuclides, either natural or artificial, for

  14. 净现值法在医疗设备采购中的应用%Research on the application of Net Present Value method in medical equipment procurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查磊; 蔡军

    2016-01-01

    目的:为加强医疗设备采购管理,提高医疗设备采购管理效率,促进医院设备资源的增值,寻求科学的设备采购方式与方法,建立规范的采购模式,将粗放式经验行为规范成科学的采购方法。方法:运用财务管理学中的净现值法,做好医疗设备采购经济效益分析,结合具体案例和数据分析医疗设备采购中供应商提供的设备采购方案。结果:在假定资金成本率为10%,三种方案均按直线折旧法的情况下,方案一净现值为6966.25万元;方案二净现值为10619.18万元;方案三净现值为5746.08万元;方案二净现值最大,选择第二方案,该方案产生的净现值最大。净现值法为医院做好设备采购和科学投资、改善经营管理提供了重要保证。结论:净现值法在医疗设备采购中的运用表明,在设备采购方案出现多样化,有多种选择的时候,采用净现值法进行量化为决策提供依据。净现值法的运用与传统的采购方案选择相比,对医疗设备采购管理具有规范性和科学性,对数据分析具有准确性和客观性。%Objective:To strengthen the management and improve the efficiency of medical equipment purchasing, promote the growth of hospital equipment resource value, find scientific equipment procurement ways and methods, establish standardized procurement mode, strive to the code of conduct for the extensive experience into the scientific method of procurement. Methods: Using Net Present Value(NPV) method in financial management on medical equipment purchasing economic benefit analysis, and combined with specific cases and data to analyze the procurement of medical equipment suppliers to provide the equipment procurement scheme.Results: On the assumption that the cost of capital rate is 10%, the three schemes are according to the straight line depreciation method, scheme a net present value for 6.96625 million yuan; scheme 2

  15. 蚕业科学研究现状浅析——基于SCI文献的分析研究%A Brief Analysis on Present Situation of Sericultural Scientific Research: An Investigation Based on SCI-indexed Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦俭; 袁联伟; 向仲怀

    2011-01-01

    采用文献计量方法,对2000-2010年SCI收录蚕学研究文献进行数据统计和趋势分析.统计结果表明:2000-2010年SCI收录的蚕学研究文献总数为1 983篇,2005年出现明显上升并趋于稳定;文献集中在家蚕基因组和功能基因组、蛋白质组、家蚕生物反应器、变态与发育、免疫等热点领域;收录文献94.40%来自日本、中国、印度、美国和韩国5个国家,发表文献数量排名前10的机构和作者,日本、中国分别为6个和4个;文献平均被引频次为7.87次,美国、日本、中国作者的文献平均被引频次依次排在前3位.值得关注的是:中国作者发表文献从2000年的7篇上升到2010年的110篇(位居年度第1),是变化最大的国家;中国作者的"家蚕基因组框架图"论文入选重要研究前沿分子生物学及遗传学领域的最高引用率论文,反映了中国在蚕学研究领域的崛起;中国蚕学研究MAI指数在2007年第一次超过100,开始步入世界蚕学研究中心,2010年达到173.7,表明中国的蚕学研究力度已经大大超过世界平均水平,但是从H-指数看,中国还需要多发表高水平的研究论文.根据SCI蚕学文献的研究热点预示:2010年以后,解决蚕丝产业的重大关键技术问题、促进基于蚕和桑的新兴生物产业发展、强化家蚕模式生物的研究等将是蚕业科学研究的主要方向,并会更加深入全面地推进.%With the help of literature metrological methods, data statistics and tendency analysis had been carried out based on the sericultural liternature indexed in Science Citation Index (SCl) from 2000 to 2010. The results showed that totally 1 983 articles in sericultural research were indexed by SCl from 2000 to 2010. The number of the papers indexed in SCI has risen clearly and showed a tendency toward stabilization after 2005. These articles focused on the genome and functional genome of silkworm (Bombyx mori), proteome, silkworm bioreactor

  16. 民族医药古籍保护性研究意义及现状%Significance and Present Status of Conservation Research on Ancient Literatures of Chinese Ethnic Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪; 冯岭

    2015-01-01

    -of-mouth might face the danger of failure in finding an eligible heir to inherit them.Therefore,it is urgent and necessary for the whole society to gather strength to carry out emergent investigations of various versions of those ancient literatures of ethnic medicine and afterward specialized and scientific protection,arrangement and research work.Take the protective research of the ancient Tibetan medicine literatures for example,with the special attention and financial aids of all different levels of government departments such as the Ministry of Science and Technology,a nationwide project of the survey,collection and arrangement of Ancient Tibetan medicine literatures was carried out for the first time.After more than five yearswork,a catalogue was published for the first time by the re-search team as an approach to protect the cultural property right of the ancient Tibetan medicine literatures.It was the first time for the catalogue to be translated into Tibetan,Chinese,English and Latin according to international standards as a research result for promotional purposes.It was also the first time for the ancient Tibetan medicine literatures to be permanently preserved,protected and spread in digital form-by way of building an information platform.Besides,the intellectual property right of ancient Tibetan medicine literatures was also protected through registering patents and copyrights,etc.The work experience and scientific research model that the research team gained laid a solid foundation for the scientific protection,inheritance and development of the ancient literatures of ethnic medicine in China;it also established a mature,scientific orientation for further research.

  17. Texts of presentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnin, G.; Vidolov, K.; Dufour-Fallot, B.; Dewarrat, Th.; Rose, T.; Favatier, A.; Gazeley, D.; Pujol, T.; Worner, D.; Van de Wel, E.; Revaz, J.M.; Clerfayt, G.; Creedy, A.; Moisan, F.; Geissler, M.; Isbell, P.; Macaluso, M.; Litzka, V.; Gillis, W.; Jarvis, I.; Gorg, M.; Bebie, B.

    2004-07-01

    Implementing a sustainable local energy policy involves a long term reflection on the general interest, energy efficiency, distributed generation and environmental protection. Providing services on a market involves looking for activities that are profitable, if possible in the 'short-term'. The aim of this conference is to analyse the possibility of reconciling these apparently contradictory requirements and how this can be achieved. This conference brings together the best specialists from European municipalities as well as important partners for local authorities (energy agencies, service companies, institutions, etc.) in order to discuss the public-private partnerships concerning the various functions that municipalities may perform in the energy field as consumers and customers, planners and organizers of urban space and rousers as regards inhabitants and economic players of their areas. This document contains the summaries of the following presentations: 1 - Performance contracting: Bulgarian municipalities use private capital for energy efficiency improvement (K. VIDOLOV, Varna (BG)), Contracting experiences in Swiss municipalities: consistent energy policy thanks to the Energy-city label (B. DUFOUR-FALLOT and T. DEWARRAT (CH)), Experience of contracting in the domestic sector (T. ROSE (GB)); 2 - Public procurement: Multicolor electricity (A. FAVATIER (CH)), Tendering for new green electricity capacity (D. GAZELEY (GB)), The Barcelona solar thermal ordinance (T. PUJOL (ES)); 3 - Urban planning and schemes: Influencing energy issues through urban planning (D. WOERNER (DE)), Tendering for the supply of energy infrastructure (E. VAN DE WEL (NL)), Concessions and public utility warranty (J.M. REVAZ (CH)); 4 - Certificate schemes: the market of green certificates in Wallonia region in a liberalized power market (G. CLERFAYT (BE)), The Carbon Neutral{sup R} project: a voluntary certification scheme with opportunity for implementation in other European

  18. The present research situation and prospect on the application of the non - singleness adsorption refrigeration%采用非单一吸附式制冷方式的研究现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱成剑; 武卫东

    2012-01-01

    The solid adsorption refrigeration is an energy - saving and environment friendly cooling technology which can be driven by the waste heat directly, and the crude substance is used as the refrigerant in it. In addition, the adsorption refrigeration technology has become an academic direction which is commonly concerned by the international community today. The hybrid cooling way of jointing solid adsorption refrigeration system with another heat powered refrigeration cycle has been an important direction in the refrigeration field . In this paper, the global research progress of non - singleness adsorption refrigeration was introduced firstly, and then the future research and application development trend were also discussed.%固体吸附式制冷是一种可直接利用余热作为驱动热源和使用天然制冷剂的制冷方式,它对环境保护与节约能源具有重要意义,吸附式制冷技术目前已成为国际上普遍关注的一个学术方向.其中,采用其他以热能为动力的制冷循环方式与固体吸附式联合制冷在制冷领域已成为一个重要方向.首先介绍非单一吸附式制冷方式的总体研究进展,随后对其未来研究和应用发展方向作了展望.

  19. 湖北省体育学类精品课程建设现状及对策研究%The Research on Present Situation and Countermeasures for Physical Education Courses of Quality in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑湘平; 陈义龙

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、专家访谈和内容分析等方法,对湖北省体育类国家级、省级精品课程的师资队伍、教学内容、教材建设、教学方法和教学管理建设现状进行了分析,研究结果认为:师资队伍学缘结构单一、教学研究偏少、教材建设滞后、课程建设经费弱显不足。为了进一步提高湖北省精品课程的建设质量,针对存在的问题提出了相应的对策,以期为湖北省体育学类精品课程的建设提供参考。%Literature research,expert interviews and content analysis were used in this paper.The thesis,based on the quality course construction of national and provincial in Hubei province,analyzes the current situation of quality course from teaching staffs,teaching content,teaching material construction,teaching methods and Teaching Administration.The results show that course construction has the problem of single education-related structure;little teaching research;the construction of teaching materials is stagnant and so on.To further improve the quality of the construction,the paper gave some relevant countermeasures for the existing problems in addition.

  20. 高油酸油菜研究现状、存在的问题及发展建议%Present Research Situation,Questions and Developmental Advises of High Oleic Acid Rapeseed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振乾; 胡庆一; 官春云

    2016-01-01

    High oleic acid rapeseed oil has very good nutrition and health functions,and its quality can be comparable with the camellia oil,olive oil and other senior edible vegetable oil,which is helpful to increase the edible vegetable oil supply of China and promote the upgrading of the rape industry. The study trend and application situation of Hunan Agricultural Uni-versity and the other domestic and foreign research institutions were summarized in this paper. At the same time,the genetic characteristics of oleic acid,high oleic acid rapeseed breeding (microspore culture,distant hybridization,induced and transgenic technology),advances of high oleic acid rapeseed breeding by different methods (such as,microspore culture, distant hybridization,mutation and transgenic technology),and the molecular biology research were summarized. In addi-tion,several advices were proposed according to the currently existing questions.%高油酸菜油具有很好的营养保健功能,其品质可与茶油、橄榄油等高级食用植物油媲美,对于改变我国食用植物油自给不足、促进油菜产业升级等方面有很好的作用。总结了国内外相关研究机构在高油酸油菜方面的研究动态及应用情况,同时对油酸的遗传特性、高油酸油菜选育途径(小孢子培养、远缘杂交、诱变和转基因技术)和分子生物学研究进展进行了综述,并针对当前存在的问题提出了一些建议。

  1. 轻质隔热材料的研究现状及其发展趋势%Present Status of Research on Lightweight Thermal Insulating Materials and Its Developing Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆彬; 潘志华

    2011-01-01

    With the continuous development of all walks of life, it is difficult for the traditional thermal insulation materials to meet needs from the society and industries, especially the industry using lightweight thermal insulation materials, such as metallurgy, chemical industry and building materials industry. Not only the lightweight insulation materials constantly upgraded and improved, but also some new lightweight insulation materials come into being and the composition system of the lightweight thermal insulation materials are being gradually broadening. Based on the comprehensive literature review on the research activities, manufacturing and application of the lightweight insulation materials, this paper discusses research status on mechanism of thermal insulation, methods of manufacturing and application technology of lightweight thermal insulation materials as well as some technical problems left behind, furthermore, the author indicates the future development trend of the lightweight insulation materials.%随着各行各业,尤其是涉及轻质隔热材料使用行业,如冶金、化工、建材等行业的快速发展,传统隔热产品已经不能满足社会和工业需求.既有轻质隔热材料不断升级完善,新的轻质隔热材料应运而生,轻质隔热材料的组成体系和性能特点正在逐渐扩展.本文在综合迄今为止轻质隔热材料的研究、生产和应用方面研究的基础上,重点讨论了轻质隔热材料的保温机理、制备方法、应用技术以及存在的一些问题,并提出了轻质隔热材料领域今后的发展方向.

  2. 黄河水院学生科技创新活动现状调查研究%Research on Science and Technology Innovation Activity Present Situation Investigation of Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫锋

    2015-01-01

    College student science and technology innovation activity plays an important role in improving their innovation consciousness, innovation spirit and innovation ability. Based on the science and technology innovation activity questionnaire survey of Yellow River Conservancy Technical Institute students, it focuses on the present environment situation, the present innovation ability situation and present incentive mecha-nism and so on, adopts to strengthen propaganda, format the mechanism, form the team, cooperate with the enterprises and emphasize on the key items to encourage the students to participate in the science and technology innovation activity.%大学生科技创新活动是增强大学生创新意识、创新精神和创新能力的重要途径。在对黄河水院学生科技创新活动问卷调查的基础上,重点研究了学生科技创新活动开展的环境现状、创新能力现状和激励机制现状等问题,采取加强宣传、建立机制、组建团队、校企合作、重点扶持等措施,鼓励大学生积极参与科技创新活动。

  3. Documentation of endotoxins present in the ambient air of Quebec textile plants that process cotton fibre : studies and research projects; Documentation des endoxotines presentes dans l'air ambiant des usines textiles du Quebec traitant la fibre de coton : etudes et recherches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marchand, G.; Lalonde, M.; Pepin, C.; Beaudet, Y.; Boivin, G.; Villeneuve, S.

    2003-12-01

    Quebec's textile industry employs 33,000 workers across 750 factories that handle cotton fibre. It has been recognized that workers in the textile industry are at risk for pulmonary diseases resulting from endotoxins present in the ambient air of textile plants. This project examined the presence of airborne endotoxins at different stages of cotton fibre processing in four Quebec factories. The objective was to identify the factors that affect the levels of endotoxins. In each factory, ambient air, water and dust samples were analyzed 3 times for all the different processing stages. Despite significant variability, certain processes proved to be major generators of endotoxins. The study suggested an effective tracking method to demonstrate a relationship between endotoxin levels in the air, in materials or in the water of air washers. The results of the tracking method can be used to identify conditions and techniques where levels should be controlled. It was also suggested that the levels of endotoxins may be influenced by the ventilation system and the percentage of recirculated air, the humidity in the air and the maintenance of the HVAC system. 25 refs., 8 tabs., 10 figs.

  4. Present status of research on mathematical models of heat and mass transfer during wood drying%木材干燥过程热质迁移数学模型研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    建立及求解木材干燥过程热质迁移数学模型的主要目的是为了对木材实际干燥过程进行预测和控制,对促进木材干燥技术的发展意义重大。本文主要从水分迁移、能量转移、应力应变与数值求解方法等方面,归纳总结了国内外木材干燥过程中热质迁移模型建立及求解的研究现状,根据木材干燥机理、热质迁移理论及干燥生产实际分析了模型可借鉴应用之处以及存在的问题,提出符合实际干燥情况的多维(2、3D)热质迁移以及考虑木材干缩现象的热质-应力应变耦合数学模型是今后的研究重点。%The main objectives of developing and solving mathematical models of heat and mass transfer are to easily anticipate and control the drying process, and to promote the development of wood drying technology. This paper summarizes the domestic and abroad status of the research on establishment and solution of heat and mass transfer models in terms of mass transport, heat transfer, stress-strain and numerical solution method. According to the mechanism of wood drying, theory of heat and mass transfer and reality of drying production, we discuss the applications of the models and the problems existing in them. We suggest that future research could be focused on heat and mass transfer models that take into account real drying conditions, multi-dimensions ( 2/3D ) and coupled stress-strain considering shrinkage.

  5. 水、土环境中锑污染与控制研究进展%Research progress on present situation and countermeasure of antimony pollution in water and soil environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚平; 张婷; 陈锦芳; 彭然

    2011-01-01

    随着工业的发展,锑作为一种具有潜在毒性和致癌性的类金属元素,已经较为广泛地存在于水体和土壤环境中,显现出不可忽视的环境问题,并引起国际科学界的高度关注.文章综述了锑在水体和土壤环境中的污染现状、化学行为形态以及污染控制方面的研究进展.由采矿业、制造业带来的锑水土污染问题较为突出,目前的处理处置方法难以满足需求.今后需要在锑的水土环境化学方面加强研究,探讨锑的迁移转化规律;高效吸附材料的开发制备也是一个重要内容;植物组合修复土壤中的锑污染将是一个重要的突破口.%Antimony exists widely in water and soil environment with the development of industry. It has brought out noticeable environment problems, and has drawn quite a lot of attentions from scientists, as a metalloid element with potentially toxicity and carcinogenicity. Current pollution status, species and biogeochemical behaviour of antimony in water and soil, and research on the contamination control were viewed in this paper. Pollution of antimony in water and soil caused by mining and manufacturing has become increasingly seriously, and the methods to deal with it can hardly meet the demands. As a result, some works as follows need to be done: research in the environmental chemistry of antimony in water and soil should be strengthened in the future, as well as exploring the principle of antimony in movement and transformation. Development and preparation of new materials with efficient adsorbability are also important. Moreover, phytoremediation combination technology to remedy pollution of antimony in soil may be another important breakthrough.

  6. 高温超导电缆及其低温绝缘研究现状%Present Research Status of High Temperature Superconducting Cable and Its Cryogenic Insulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜伯学; 邢云琪; 傅明利; 侯帅

    2015-01-01

    概述了世界上高温超导电缆的研究历史和现状,介绍了高温超导电缆本体的基本结构及绝缘要求,分析了高温超导电缆主绝缘的结构及存在的问题。针对高温超导电缆中使用的液氮和几种低温固体绝缘材料,分别介绍了其在低温环境下介电性能的相关研究进展。总结发现:液氮的击穿场强受到气泡和电极材料的影响;液氮下绝缘材料的直流击穿场强高于交流击穿场强;聚酰亚胺在液氮下的交直流击穿场强高于聚丙烯层压纸;低温会抑制环氧树脂中电树枝的生长。%The research history and current status of high temperature superconducting (HTS)cable in the world are summarized,and the basic structure and insulation requirements of HTS cable body are introduced. Then,the structure and problem of the main insula-tion for HTS cable are analyzed. For liquid nitrogen (LN2 )and several solid insulation materials under low temperature applied in HTS cables,related researches are put forward separately on their dielectric property under low temperature. It can be concluded that, in LN2 ,the breakdown strength of insulation material is higher in DC field than that in ac field;the breakdown strength of polyimide is higher than that of polypropylene laminated paper (PPLP)in both ac and dc field;low temperature can suppress the growth of the electrical tree in epoxy resin.

  7. 当代大学生体育消费特点及倾向性之研究%The Research on the Traits and Tendency of the Present University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏元庆; 张辉

    2011-01-01

    Diversification of the Sports consumption is a main character of the present university student: 1) diversification of Sports consumption;2) giving priority to definite object and participation as so as well viewing on the supplementary role;3) the ability of Sports consumption exists gap.The future Sports consumption of the university appears two traits: 1) the desire of sports consumption appears increasing;2) the input of sports consumption presents polarizes.According to the present Sports consumption that we come with three advices: 1) increasing the teaching of long life of Sports Education;2) sending up the guidance of sports consumption;3) to accelerate the construction of mass organizations.%我国大学生体育消费特点呈现多样化的特点:1)体育消费动机多样化;2)实物型体育消费为主、参与型、观赏型体育消费为辅;3)体育消费能力存在较大的差异性。大学生未来的体育消费倾向呈现两大特点:1)体育消费意愿呈现增长态势;2)体育消费投入出现两极分化局面。根据我国大学生体育消费特点提出以下建议:1)加大终身体育教育理念的宣传;2)加大体育消费指导;3)加快学校体育社团建设。

  8. Tai chi is soft power ball development research the present situation and the existing problems%太极柔力球发展现状及问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁宇宁; 安汝杰

    2015-01-01

    Using the method of documentary, the development of tai chi soft power ball sports present situation analysis, and concluded that tai chi is soft power ball movement in the process of promoting the problems caused by, for the majority of scholars provide some theory reference.%运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法,对太极柔力球运动的发展现状分析梳理,进而得出太极柔力球运动在推广过程中产生的问题,为广大学者提供一些理论借鉴.

  9. A Summer Research Program of NASA/Faculty Fellowships at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albee, Arden

    2004-01-01

    The NASA Faculty Fellowship Program (NFFP) is designed to give college and university faculty members a rewarding personal as well as enriching professional experience. Fellowships are awarded to engineering and science faculty for work on collaborative research projects of mutual interest to the fellow and his or her JPL host colleague. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have participated in the NASA Faculty Fellowship Program for more than 25 years. Administrative offices are maintained both at the Caltech Campus and at JPL; however, most of the activity takes place at JPL. The Campus handles all fiscal matters. The duration of the program is ten continuous weeks. Fellows are required to conduct their research on-site. To be eligible to participate in the program, fellows must be a U.S. citizen and hold a teaching or research appointment at a U.S. university or college. The American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE) contracts with NASA and manages program recruitment. Over the past several years, we have made attempts to increase the diversity of the participants in the NFFP Program. A great deal of attention has been given to candidates from minority-serving institutions. There were approximately 100 applicants for the 34 positions in 2002. JPL was the first-choice location for more than half of them. Faculty from 16 minority-serving institutions participated as well as four women. The summer began with an orientation meeting that included introduction of key program personnel, and introduction of the fellows to each other. During this welcome, the fellows were briefed on their obligations to the program and to their JPL colleagues. They were also given a short historical perspective on JPL and its relationship to Caltech and NASA. All fellows received a package, which included information on administrative procedures, roster of fellows, seminar program, housing questionnaire, directions to JPL, maps of

  10. Research and Analysis of Present Situation of Medical Ethics Education in Medicine Colleges in Shandong Province%山东省医学院校医德教育现状调查分析与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹瑞法; 陈士福; 孙莹光; 郁万彩

    2011-01-01

    To enhance the objectivity cognition of the current situation of medical ethics education, a general empirical research is carried out on the medical ethics education with 1278 students in five major medical institutions in Shandong Province. The investigation discovers the overall shape of medical ethics education is good, but still has various insufficiencies, including faint ideas of medical ethics, lack of the reality explanation strength in the medical ethics education content, highlight in the external environment value, and the leadership tendency aggravating, and so on, calling for further exploration.%为增强对当前医德教育现状的客观性认知,对山东省五所医学院校的1278名本专医学生开展了医德教育方面的总体性实证调查研究.调查发现医德教育整体状况良好,但存在医德观念淡漠、医德教育内容缺乏现实解释力、外部环境价值凸显及主导化倾向加剧等七方面问题,亟须加以深入探究解决.

  11. Sulfate Reducing Bacteria Processing of Chromium-containing Waste Water Research Present Situation%硫酸盐还原菌处理含铬废水的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安文辉; 马斯然; 王磊峰

    2012-01-01

    Containing Cr (VI) of wastewater is a kind of difficult processing and hazard of heavy metal waste water, biological treatment of heavy metal wastewater has the characteristics of high efficiency low cost, sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) is a kind of heavy metals to strong resistance of the anaerobic bacteria, including Cr (VI) wastewater treatment has the advantage. The paper introduced the SRB Cr-containing wastewater treatment using the related research and new technology.%含Cr(VI)的废水是一类难处理且危害大的重金属废水,生物处理重金属废水具有效率商成本低的特点,硫酸盐还原菌(SRB)是一类对重金属有较强抗性的厌氧菌,在含Cr(VI)废水处理方面具有优势。文章介绍了目前利用SRB处理含铬废水的相关研究及新工艺。

  12. Research on Present Situation of Faculty of Preschool Education in Minority Areas of Sichuan%四川省民族地区学前教育师资队伍现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏巍; 邓大河

    2015-01-01

    通过对四川省民族地区学前教师进行抽样调查,对学前教师的专业态度、专业知识与能力、教师培训与福利待遇四个方面进行数据统计与分析,发现民族地区学前教育师资严重匮乏,教师学历和职称整体偏低,社会福利与薪资待遇较差,教师教学存在偏领域现象,教师科研能力较弱等问题。分析形成这些问题的原因,提出民族地区学前教育师资队伍建设的对策。%A survey was made in teachers of preschool education in minority areas of Sichuan from four angles:teachers′ attitude,professional knowledge and ability,teachers′ training and treatment. The results show that in minority areas of Sichuan faculty of preschool education is seriously inadequate;the welfare and salary of teachers are poor;teach-ers are not good at some areas in teaching;teachers′ ability in research is weak. This paper puts forward useful counter-measures to solve these problems.

  13. Research on Traditional Chinese Medicine in Treaof the present myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury%中医药对心肌缺血再灌注损伤的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵珏; 吴少俊; 王卫星

    2014-01-01

    Acute coronary syndrome was coronary heart disease in acute onset , clinical types of acute myocardial ischemic injury .In recent years, with thrombolytic therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention technology the establishment and promotion of artery bypass surgery and other methods significantly reduced the myocardial cell death due to ischemia and the ischemia myocardium after restoring blood flow myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in a cause for concern .This article analyzed injury mechanism and clinical research mainly from medical intervention to myocardial ischemia reperfusion .%急性冠脉综合征是冠心病中急性发病的临床类型,造成心肌急性缺血性损伤。近年来,随着溶栓疗法、经皮冠状动脉介入技术( Percutaneous coronary intervention ,PCI)、动脉搭桥术等方法的建立和推广,明显的减少了心肌由于缺血导致的细胞坏死,但缺血心肌恢复血流后,出现的心肌缺血再灌注损伤已成关注重点。本文主要从中医药对心肌缺血再灌注损伤干预机制及相关的临床研究进行阐述。

  14. 低镍和无镍奥氏体不锈钢的研究现状及进展%Present research and progress on low-nickel and nickel-free austenitic stainless steels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王耘涛; 布茂东

    2013-01-01

    低镍和无镍奥氏体不锈钢以锰、氮等元素取代Cr-Ni不锈钢中的镍元素而具有较低的成本、优异的综合性能.综述了以锰代镍的Cr-Mn不锈钢,低镍Cr-Mn-Ni-N不锈钢,高氮无镍的Cr-Mn-N不锈钢及其在生物医用领域的研究和应用进展,并对低镍和无镍奥氏体不锈钢的发展进行了展望.%Low-nickel and nickel-free austenitic stainless steels have low cost and excellent comprehensive performance, owing to Mn, N replaced Ni of Cr-Ni stainless steel. The research and application progress of low-nickel and nickel-free austenitic stainless steels such as Cr-Mn stainless steel only Mn replaced Ni, low-nickel Cr-Mn-Ni-N stainless steel, high nitrogen nickel-free Cr-Mn-N stainless steel and its use in biomedical fields were reviewed. Finally, the future development of low-nickel and nickel-free austenitic stainless steels were evaluated and prospected.

  15. 抗阿片成瘾药物研究历史与现状%History and present situation of research and development of anti-opioid addiction drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦; 曹丹旎; 吴宁; 李斐; 宋睿; 苏瑞斌

    2012-01-01

    Opioid addiction is a chronic and relapsing brain disorde. The clinical symptoms of opioid addiction include physical dependence, protracted 9ymptom9, psychological dependence and relapse, and the key to treatment is anti-relapse. The research of anti-relapse drug focuses on two aspects: one is targeting at opioid receptors, the other is targeting at non-opioid receptors. Opioid receptor agonist methadone and antagonist naltrexone are the representative drugs that targets at opioid receptors. Thienorphine, a new opioid receptor ligand, completely blocks morphine and other opioids-induced physical and psychological dependence, and prevents opioid relapse. Studies have shown that many non-opioid receptor systems, including dopamine receptors, excitatory amino acid receptors, gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors, acetylcholine receptors, 5-HT receptors, CB1 receptors and neurotrophic factor receptors, are involved in the modulation of opioid psychological dependence and relapse. A novel dopamine D3 receptor antagonist Y-QA14 inhibits cocaine abd heroine addiction and prevents relapse without addictive potential. I1 imidazoline receptor agonist agmatine inhibits opioid-induced physical and psychological dependence, relieves protracted symptoms and prevents relapse, the mechanism of which is due to the attenuation of the compensatory adaptations occuring on opioid receptor, dopamine and glualmate nerotransmissions. This paper reviews opium, biological basis of opioid addiction, and history, current situation as well as development tendency of anti-opioid relapse drug research.%阿片成瘾是一种慢性复发性脑疾病,临床症状包括躯体依赖、稽延症状、精神依赖和复吸,治疗的关键是防复吸.防复吸药物的研究包括以阿片受体和非阿片受体为靶标的药物.代表性药物分别为阿片受体激动剂美沙酮和受体阻断剂纳屈酮,新型阿片受体配体噻吩诺啡能够完全阻断吗啡等阿片类药物引起的躯体

  16. Present Situation Research of Taiwan and Foreign Document of War of Resistance Against Japan%台湾地区及国外重点抗战文献现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扶小兰; 唐伯友

    2015-01-01

    Related date of field survey and document research indicate that the important document of war of Resistance Against Japan outside of chinese mainland are mainly focused on National History lnstitute,chinese Kuomintang Cultural communications commission party historiograpers,and central Resecurch listitute in Taiwan,National Arthives of the United states;Library of Congress;Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Hoover lnstituation in the United States,National Archinves of Britain.The differences of the nature and function of the collection organizations decide their own charalteristics of the nature,value,quantity,language and carrier,but they have the common features of huge amount,a great Variety,languages multielement and carrier diversity.%据实地调查和文献研究相关数据表明,中国大陆以外的重点抗战文献主要集中典藏于台湾地区国史馆、中国国民党党史馆、中央研究院近代史研究所,美国国家档案馆、国会图书馆、斯坦福大学胡佛研究所、罗斯福总统图书馆和英国国家档案馆等机构.由于这些典藏机构的性质或职能存在差异,决定了其馆藏文献的性质、价值、数量、语种和载体形式各具特色,但它们又具有数量庞大、种类繁多、语种多元、载体多样等共性特征.

  17. The research on present situation and developing trend of the real estate enterprise organization structure%房地产开发企业组织结构现状和发展趋势研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞彪; 陈潇男; 于关剑

    2016-01-01

    分析了我国房地产企业组织结构发展的现状,归纳了我国房地产企业目前常见的四种组织结构形式,基于我国房地产企业组织机构发展的扁平化、网络化等趋势,提出了组织结构变革的一些建议。%The present situation of the real estate enterprise organization structure in our country is analyzed,four kinds of commonly used form of real estate enterprise organization structure in our country are summarized,the developing trends of the real estate enterprise organization of our country such as flat trend,networked trend are summed up,put forward the advices of organization structure.

  18. The research and analysis of the present condition of high-level collegial sports teams operation%高校高水平运动队运作现状的研究分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴立森

    2011-01-01

    运用文献资料法、访谈法、逻辑推理法,从招生管理、学训矛盾、经费来源等方面对高校高水平运动队现状进行分析。主要研究结果如下:高校高水平运动队组建以"为国家培养高水平体育人才"为目标,但实际操作中却出现了诸多与目标背离的做法;招生制度不完善、严重的学训矛盾以及基础设施的不完善制约了高校运动队的发展;高校运动队缺乏高素质、高水平的教练员团队。%With literature review,interview,logical reasoning,an analysis is presented on the present condition of high-level collegial sports teams on the aspects of enrolment management,learning and training conflicts,and sources of funding.Results indicate that: 1.Though "training high-lever athlete talents for the country" is the goal of the establishment of high-level collegial sports teams,much has been deviated from the goal in practice.2.Imperfect Enrolment system,serious conflict of learning and training and inadequate infrastructure impede the development of collegial sports teams.3.Collegial sports teams lack qualified coach team.

  19. Present and future in lexicography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Bugueño Miranda

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this lecture is to demonstrate the evolution of lexicography from the practical task of compiling dictionaries to their theoretical approach as reference works. The first issue to be discussed is the status of the discipline itself, since there are lexicographers, like Atkins; Rundell (2008, that deny the existence of a lexicographic theory. Secondly, and accepting that a lexicographical theory does exist, we present the main advances in the area, such as the research on dictionary classification, the criteria used to calculate the number of headwords in a dictionary (macrostructure, the set of comments that appear in each entry (microstructure and the system of cross-references (middlestructure. Finally, the lecture will offer a reflection on the normativity in dictionaries.

  20. Jefferson Lab: Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Patrizia

    2016-08-01

    The continuous electron beam accelerator facility and associated experimental equipment at Jefferson Lab comprise a unique facility for nuclear physics research whose upgrade is presently underway, with completion expected in 2017. The upgraded facility will accelerate electron beams to 11 GeV for experiments in the existing Halls A, B and C. In addition, a 12 GeV beam can be provided to a new experimental hall, Hall D, to generate a 9 GeV tagged photon beam. This upgrade will enable a new experimental program with substantial discovery potential to address important topics in hadronic, nuclear, and electroweak physics. Further in the future, it is envisioned that the Laboratory will evolve into an electron-ion colliding beam facility.