WorldWideScience

Sample records for caldas minas gerais

  1. Radionuclides release to three rivers by ore treatment unit at Caldas, Minas Gerais - Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, W.S.; Carmo, R.F. do; Py Junior, D.A., E-mail: pereiraws@gmail.com [Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (INB), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Unidade de Tratamento de Minerio. Grupo Multidisciplinar de Radioprotecao; Kelecom, A., E-mail: akelecom@id.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (LARARA-PLS/GETA/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria Pedro Lopes dos Santos. Grupo de Estudos em Temas Ambientais; Pereira, J.R.S., E-mail: pereirarsj@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Alfenas (UNIFAL), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The Ore Treatment Unit (OTU) is a uranium mining and milling plant, situated at Caldas city, Minas Gerais, Brazil that was disabled in the mid 90's. This unit releases controlled effluents to three rivers: Ribeirao das Antas (at point 014, influenced by the waste pile), Ribeirao Soberbo (point 025, influenced by the waste pond) and Corrego da Consulta (at point 076, influenced by the open pit mine). Water samples collected at these points were analyzed for U{sub nat}, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 210}Pb, {sup 232}Th and {sup 228}Ra content in the particulate and soluble fractions, and the behavior of radionuclide releases and their fractions was investigated. U{sub nat} and {sup 228}Ra showed identical behaviors at these three points. U{sub nat} at point 014 (waste pile) behaved different from described in recent literature data. The isotopes of Ra should exhibit the same behavior at each point, but this was not observed at point 025 (waste pond). {sup 232}Th release showed equal activity concentration near the waste pile (point 014) and near the waste pond (point 025), whilst near the open pit mine (point 076) the soluble fraction showed a concentration of activity greater than the particulate fraction. Finally, {sup 210}Pb showed a different behavior at each point. Due to the great differences in behaviors of each radionuclide, it was not possible to establish a temporal pattern of release which requires assessment over a longer period of time. (author)

  2. As Apocynaceae da região de Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brasil Apocynaceae of Poços de Caldas region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bragatto Vasconcellos

    1993-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste no estudo florístico da familia Apocynaceae em Poços de Caldas, dada sua representatividade na região e o valor fitoquímico e ornamental de várias de suas espécies. Foram encontradas 17 espécies distribuídas entre 8 gêneros: Aspidosperma Mart e Zucc., Condylocarpon Desf., Forsteronia G.F.W. Mey., Macrosiphonia Muell. Arg., Mandevilla Lindl., Peltastes R.E. Woodson, Prestonia R. Br. e Rauvolfia L.A floristic study of the family Apocynaceae im Poços de Caldas was carried out, since the family is well represented in the region and many species have phytochermical and ornamental value. The family is represented by 17 species distributed in 8 genera: Aspidosperma Mart e Zucc., Condylocarpon Desf., Forsteronia G.F.W. Mey., Macrosiphonia Muell. Arg., Mandevilla Lindl., Peltastes R.E. Woodson, Prestonia R. Br. and Rauvolfia L.

  3. Limno-chemical and microbiology aspects in Uranium Pit Mine Lake (Osamu Utsumi), in Antas and Bortolan reservoirs under the influence of effluent Ore Treatment Unit, Caldas - Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ronqui, Leilane B.; Nasciment, Marcos R.L. do; Roque, Claudio V.; Bruschi, Armando; Borba Junior, Palvo J.; Nascimento, Heliana A. F. do, E-mail: leilanebio@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: pmarcos@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: cvroque@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: abruschi@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: jouber_borba@hotmail.com, E-mail: hazevedo@cnen.gov.br [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (LAPOC/CNEN), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Laboratorio de Pocos de Caldas; Almeida, Tito C.M. de, E-mail: titoalmeida2008@gmail.com [Universidade do Vale do Itajai (CTT-Mar/UNIVALI), SC (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Tecnologicas da Terra e do Mar

    2013-07-01

    Due to high natural radioactivity there in Pocos de Caldas Plateau (Minas Gerais State, Brazil) and the existence of the first uranium mine in Brazil (Pit Mine Osamu Utsumi - Mineral Treatment Unit/Brazilian Nuclear Industries, MTU/BNI), which is characterized by an open-pit mine presents as increased environmental liability the formation of acid mine drainage, this study was conducted to evaluate the limno-chemicals and microbiology aspects (protozooplankton and bacterioplankton) belonging to uranium pit mine lake (PM) and evaluate the possible effects of acid effluents treated and discharged by MTU/BNI in Antas reservoir-AR and downstream of this, the Bortolan reservoir-BR. Besides the realization of abiotic and microbiology analysis of protozooplankton and bacterioplankton; was held standardization and deployment of the Fluorescence 'In Situ' Hybridization (FISH) technical using oligonucleotide probes for extremophile Archaea and Bacteria. According to the results, the PM showed the highest values for the chemical variables, lower pH values, lower protozooplankton density, however, protozooplanktonic high biomass showing the presence of tolerant species in this extreme environment. Antas and Bortolan reservoirs showed differences in the abiotic and biotic variables, AR showed suffer greater interference of acid effluents released at P41point and downstream of this at P14 point, lower protozooplankton biomass, lower bacterial density and pollution characteristics of inorganic sources. Using the FISH technique standard in this study to water bodies evaluated, it was possible to detect the presence of the extremophile bacteria of the Archaea domain in the three water bodies. The results of this study contribute to the knowledge of the pit mine lakes limnology which have become a major concern due to increased mining in the open. (author)

  4. enfermagem no estado de minas gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liciane Langona Montanholi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el concepto de anciano y de la gerontología, y la contribución de la enseñanza de la gerontología para la vida profesional, según la perspectiva de los discentes de enfermería de las instituciones públicas del Estado de Minas Gerais. Los datos fueron recolectados mediante la encuesta semiestructurada. El contenido de las cuestiones se sometió al analisis temática y las variables cuantitativas fueron descritas por medio de la frecuencia simple. La muestra fue compuesta por 55 discentes, de las cuales el 73% correspondian al grupo etario entre 20├ 25 años y el 65,5% cursaban el octavo período. Después del analise de los datos emergieron las siguientes categorías temáticas: concepto de anciano, representación social del anciano, concepto de gerontología, enseñanza como una posibilidad de cambio. Mediante la perspectiva del discente de enfermería, se puede inferir que la enseñanza de la gerontología en los cursos de graduación es esencial para estimular la formación de recursos humanos especializados en el área.

  5. DECIDUAIS NO NORTE DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CAROLINA MALALA MARTINS

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The dynamics of organic matter influences the main chemical, physical and biological processes in soil, and often determines their chemical behavior and fertility. Therefore, it is essential to quantify the frac- tions that make up the organic matter to the understanding of pedogenic processes that reflect or induce soil properties. The aim of the study was to evaluate the behavior of soil organic matter in different soil profiles under deciduous formations, through fractionation of organic matter and obtain their different oxidizable fractions. Ten soil profiles were described and collected in areas of deciduous formations in the state of Minas Gerais and Bahia. Chemical and physical analyzes were performed on each horizon. For organic matter fractions, the fractionation of humic substances and subsequent determination of carbon in each fraction was performed: humin (HUM - C , fulvic acid (C - FAF and humic acid (C - FAH and calculated their relations and percentage of each fraction relative to total organic carbon (COT , %FAF, %FAH, %HUM and %EA, beyond fractions oxidizable C in each evaluated horizon. Humic substances that make up the organic matter in the soil of seasonal dry forests profiles showed that this compartment MOS showed a predominance of the humin fraction, followed by humic acids and lower content of C, fulvic acids for most soils. However, the different fractions of oxidizable C could already point more labile fractions associated with surface horizons, and more recalcitrant to subsurface horizons.

  6. Tax management on corporate restructuring activities in enterprises of Minas Gerais

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ricardo Vinícius Dias Jordão; Geraldo Renato Oliveria

    2016-01-01

    ...) practices as a tax management (TM) strategy in Minas Gerais industrial companies. The research was carried out by means of a four comparative case study of qualitative and explanatory approach in industrial companies of Minas Gerais...

  7. The library in the province of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayara Célia Ribeiro Souza Nolasco

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: With the arrival of the royal family and the Portuguese Court to Brazil, besides the growth habit of reading and selling books there was also the creation of institutions to the public library, theater, media and literary and scientific academies. More specifically Minas Gerais in the nineteenth century was the capital of the province creating libraries. Objectives: Based on a study by Luiz Antonio Gonçalves da Silva (2010 on Brazilian libraries seen by travelers in the nineteenth century it is intended with this paper to present information about the libraries found in Minas Gerais in this period. Methodology: The methodology is through documentary analysis through reading, analysis and interpretation of miners periodicals available in Hemeroteca Digital Brasileira. Results: Fragments alluding to the library in Minas Gerais were identified in the periodic " O Universal ", "O Astro de Minas", Abelha do Itaculumy " constitute important elements for determining the proposed objective. Conclusions: Where it was established that there were Minas Gerais in private, public, school and academic libraries, literary societies and reading consultants.

  8. As Muitas Arqueologias das Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Prous

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos uma história crítica das pesquisas em arqueologia - particularmente pré-histórica - realizadas em território mineiro desde o século XIX. Após a fase do pioneirismo (P. Lund, amadores diversos, missões internacionais estudam a região de Lagoa Santa no terceiro quarto do século XX, enquanto o Programa Nacional de Pesquisas Arqueológicas (PRONAPA inicia levantamentos no alto vale do rio São Francisco. Com a abertura de pesquisas mais sistemáticas pelo Instituto de Arqueologia Brasileira (IAB no Norte mineiro e a criação do Setor de Pesquisa da UFMG, na segunda metade dos anos de 1970, abre-se uma fase de pesquisas mais intensivas e regionais, tematicamente diversificadas. O início deste século XXI é marcado pela multiplicação das pesquisas preventivas e de resgate, a emergência de novos centros de pesquisa e a criação de cursos de formação de arqueólogos na UFMG. O Patrimônio pré-histórico de Minas Gerais é notável pela importância de preservação de materiais perecíveis, de restos esqueletais humanos de grande antiguidade, pela riqueza dos registros rupestres e a variedade regional das indústrias realizadas sobre matérias-primas muito diversas. A arqueologia histórica, cuja importância cresceu exponencialmente nos dois últimos decênios, é marcada pela importância dos vestígios da mineração de pedras e metais preciosos, dos assentamentos de escravos fugitivos e os remanescentes de fazendas antigas, cujo estudo se desenvolveu comparativamente mais que a arqueologia da urbanização e dos monumentos barrocos.

  9. Quality in smallholder dairy farming in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poelarends, J.J.; Schiere, H.

    2008-01-01

    Dit rapport bespreekt de resultaten van een onderzoek naar de zuivelkwaliteit van kleinschalige boerderijen in Minas Gerais, Brazilië. De volgende ondewerpen kwamen daarbij aan de orde: product- en proceskwaliteit, de positie van de boeren en toekomstige kansen en bedreigingen voor deze boeren

  10. Parides panthonus jaguarae (Foetterle (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae redescoberto em Minas Gerais, Brasil: sua identidade Parides panthonus jaguarae (Foetterle (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae rediscovered in Minas Gerais, Brazil: his identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaf H. H. Mielke

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Parides panthonus jaguarae (Foetterle, 1902 foi redescoberto em Brumadinho, Minas Gerais e é sinonimizado com Parides burchellanus (Westwood, 1872 syn. nov. A primeira é o macho da segunda.Parides panthonus jaguarae (Foetterle, 1902 was rediscovered at Brumadinho, Minas Gerais and is synomyzised with Parides burchellanus (Westwood, 1872 syn. nov. The first is the male of the second.

  11. Influência da altitude na qualidade das uvas 'Chardonnay' e 'Pinot Noir' em Minas Gerais Altitude influence on the quality of 'Chardonnay' and 'Pinot Noir' grapes in the state of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murillo de Albuquerque Regina

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available No Sul e Sudeste brasileiros, o excesso de chuvas durante o período de maturação afeta negativamente a qualidade dos vinhos tintos. Por outro lado, estas regiões possuem potencial para a elaboração de espumantes, uma vez que, para a elaboração desta bebida, a uva é colhida antes de completar o amadurecimento. No Estado de Minas Gerais, as condições de verão chuvoso estão presentes em todas as regiões de potencial vitícola, e a variação de altitude entre elas pode exercer influência na composição das uvas. Desta forma, este estudo buscou avaliar o potencial de maturação de uvas 'Chardonnay' e 'Pinot Noir' destinadas à elaboração de espumantes em dois locais de Minas Gerais: Cordislândia (873m e Caldas (1.150m. As plantas foram enxertadas sobre 1.103 Paulsen e conduzidas em espaldeira. Foram avaliados os teores de sólidos solúveis totais, acidez total, ácidos málico e tartárico, e pH do mosto, tamanho e massa das bagas, compostos fenólicos nas cascas e sementes, antocianinas na casca e açúcares solúveis nas bagas, em duas safras consecutivas. As bagas apresentaram maior tamanho e massa quando cultivadas em Caldas. As uvas colhidas em Cordislândia apresentaram maior grau de maturação, sendo observados maior pH, maiores teores de glicose e frutose, e quantidade inferior de acidez e fenólicos totais nas sementes. Os maiores teores de ácido málico presentes nas uvas provenientes de Caldas sugerem que esta região pode ser mais indicada à produção de uvas para elaboração de vinhos espumantes.In the southern and southeastern of Brazil, the excessive rainfall during the maturation period negatively affects the quality of red wines. On the other hand, these regions have great potential for the development of sparklings since that for the elaboration of this drink, the grape is harvested before complete its maturation. In the state of Minas Gerais, the conditions of rainy summer season are present in all

  12. Education, Inequality and Violent Crime in Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Frédéric Puech

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an economic model of individual crime decision relying on relative deprivation and discusses the role of education. It distinguishes between property and interpersonal crime and proposes an econometric estimation of the model for 723 municipalities of Minas Gerais, one of the 26 Brazilian states. Education has a significant reducing effect upon interpersonal crime but not on violent property crime, which is mainly influenced by inequality.

  13. Italian schools in Minas Gerais: organization, curriculum and social relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maysa Gomes Rodrigues

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Current research discusses the organization of Italian schools (private or linked to charities by their circumstances and curricula. The immigration phenomenon in Minas Gerais brought a large population of Italian immigrants on whose experience several schools were founded in some towns of the state of Minas Gerais,Brazil. Current essay investigates the common and differentiating factors of Italian Schools in the state? Documentary sources were analyzed on the organization of the following schools: Italian School linked to the Italian Beneficent Association in Belo Horizonte, and the schools Regina Margherita and Umberto Primo in Juiz de For a. The Umberto Primo school was associated to the Italian Society Umberto Primo and the Italian school Dante Alighieri was associated to the Società Dante Alighieri in Ouro Fino andUmbertoPrimoSchool in Nova Lima, linked to the Società Italiana of this town between 1899 and 1911. Current analysis contributes towards the clarification of similarities and differentiations on the organization of Italian Schools, and, inevitably, to the understanding of the schooling of immigrants in Minas Gerais.

  14. Fiestas Barrocas y vida cotidiana en minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura De Mello e Souza

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La capitanía de Minas Gerais presenta una serie de peculiaridades en el contexto de la historia de la América portuguesa. Hasta 1694 fue un territorio vagamente conocido como parte de las zonas despobladas y agrestes de la villa de Sao Pablo; una región de colonización antigua y con una población ya bien sedimentada hacia fmes del siglo XVII. Minas, que había sido recorrida por paulistas en busca de plata y de indios, en la década del 70, fue nuevamente frecuentada por habitantes de Sao Pablo que llegaban empeñados en el descubrimiento de esmeraldas. Éstos, comandados por Fernáo Dias Pais, establecieron un sistema de puestos de víveres que, posteriormente, hizo posibles otras entradas. No se descubrieron esmeraldas, pero, entre 1694 y 1698, se encontró oro de aluvión en varios puntos de la región central del actual estado de Minas Gerais, donde hoy se sitúan las ciudades de Ouro Preto, Mariana y Sabará, en las nacientes del río Doce.

  15. New species of Pavonia section Malvaviscoides (Malvaceae fron Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Krapovickas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Four new species are described: P. cabraliana, P. cristaliana, P. graomogoliana and P. Occhionii and the new name, P. velvetiana, is proposed for P. viscosa var. velutina from Minas Gerais, Brazil. A key for the species of the section Malvaviscoides from Minas Gerais is also included.

  16. Complementary and alternative medicine: use in Montes Claros, Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Joao Felício Rodrigues Neto; Anderson Antônio Faria; Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência de utilização e o perfil socioeconômico do usuário de medicina complementar e alternativa pela população de Montes Claros (MG). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, analítico. A amostra foi probabilística, por conglomerados, sendo a unidade amostral o domicílio e os entrevistados de ambos os sexos e maiores de 18 anos. Os dados foram coletados em uma cidade de porte médio de Minas Gerais utilizando formulários semi-estruturados. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 3.090 ...

  17. Effectiveness and Evaluation of Crime Prevention Programs in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Beato

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes previous studies evaluating the effectiveness of the crime prevention policies adopted by the Government of Minas Gerais (Brazil. In this work, greater emphasis is placed on studies evaluating outcomes than on studies dealing with the process of setting up and implementing programs and projects. In order to allow a more systematic discussion, the Maryland Scale, which categorizes research and evaluations according to the methodological strengths and weaknesses in five levels, is employed. Subsequently, the authors draw a parallel between Brazil and other settings. Finally, this essay lays out the implications of this discussion regarding the prevention programs. 

  18. Spotted fever rickettsiosis in Coronel Fabriciano, Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galvão Márcio Antônio Moreira

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We report cases of spotted fever rickettsiosis in Coronel Fabriciano Municipality of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The cases occurred in May and June of 2000. During this period there were two deaths among children from an area named Pedreira in a periurban area of this municipality. In a boy who died with clinical manifestations of Brazilian spotted fever, a necropsy revealed the presence of a spotted fever group Rickettsia. The serological results confirm the difficulty in the differential diagnosis of patients with symptoms of rickettsial diseases.

  19. Transmission of Leishmania in coffee plantations of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Alexander

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Transmission of Leishmania was studied in 27 coffee plantations in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais. Eighteen females and six males (11.6% of the people tested, aged between 7-65 gave a positive response to the Montenegro skin test. Awareness of sand flies based on the ability of respondents to identify the insects using up to seven predetermined characteristics was significantly greater among inhabitants of houses occupied by at least one Mn+ve individual. Five species of phlebotomine sand fly, including three suspected Leishmania vectors, were collected within plantations under three different cultivation systems. Four of these species i.e., Lu. fischeri (Pinto 1926, Lu. migonei (França 1920, Lu. misionensis (Castro 1959 and Lutzomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho 1939 were collected in an organic plantation and the last of these was also present in the other two plantation types. The remaining species, Lu. intermedia (Lutz & Neiva 1912, was collected in plantations under both the "adensado" and "convencional" systems. The results of this study indicate that transmission of Leishmania to man in coffee-growing areas of Minas Gerais may involve phlebotomine sand flies that inhabit plantations.

  20. Assessment of computerized tomography devices in Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Paulo Marcio C., E-mail: pmco@cdtn.br, E-mail: ambienttal@ambienttal.com.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Horta, Mara Alice Avelar Saraiva [Faculdade Sao Camilo de Minas Gerais - FASC - MG, Graduacao de Tecnologia em Radiologia (Brazil); Santana, Priscila do Carmo [Programa de Pos Graduacao em Ciencias e Tecnicas Nucleares - PCTN, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Magalhaes, Marcos Juliano [Ambienttal Protecao Radiologica Ltda., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Computed Tomography (CT) is the diagnostic imaging method most commonly performed today. It is a device that is undergoing a technological evolution and their quality control is sorely needed. The image quality evaluation process allow a better diagnosis and control of the patient dose received during image acquisition. The CT doses are higher than other X-ray examination techniques, like a conventional X-ray. Performance evaluation of computed tomography in Minas Gerais is not significant. Therefore, this work aims to analyze 20 CT equipment in Minas Gerais, with parameters according to the national regulatory agency (ANVISA - Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria) in twelve quality control tests. Sixty five percent (65%) of CT equipment evaluated showed excellent results and were not disapproved in any of the tests performed and 30% had failed in only one of the twelve tests performed. The worst result was found in the CT scanners in the test that evaluates the low contrast resolution, where 20% of CT showed non-compliance, followed by the test that evaluates the x-rays collimation beam, where 15% had failed. The tests allowed us to observe that the twenty computerized tomography equipment achieved a great pass rate. Considering that the evaluated CTs performed the quality control tests for the first time, it is concluded that the equipment used in clinics and hospitals are of good quality image and low radiation doses. (author)

  1. Botulismo tipo C em ganso ocorrido em Minas Gerais, Brasil Type C botulism in a goose at Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Botulismo é uma intoxicação causada pela ingestão das toxinas produzidas pelo Clostridium botulinum, que acomete mamíferos e aves, caracterizando-se por um quadro de paralisia flácida. Neste trabalho, é descrito um caso de botulismo em ganso, ocorrido no município de Santa Luzia, região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, no Estado de Minas Gerais. Ao exame clínico, o animal apresentava-se com um quadro de paralisia flácida dos músculos do pescoço, das pernas e asas, além de apresentar ainda desprendimento de penas. A necropsia não revelou lesões significativas. Foi colhido o soro do animal e submetido ao teste de soroneutralização em camundongo, que identificou a toxina de C. botulinum tipo C.Botulism is an intoxication caused by the ingestion of toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, that affects mammals and birds, characterized by a flaceid paralysis. This report describes a case of botulism in a goose in Santa Luzia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Clinical examinations showed dropping feathers and flaccid paralysis involving the muscles of the wings, legs and neck. post-mortem examination showed no significant gross or macroscopic lesions C. botulinum type C toxin was demonstrated in the serum of the affected animal through serum neutralization test in mice.

  2. A florada do cafezal no sul de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Kawakubo, Fernando Shinji; Morato, Rúbia Gomes

    2012-01-01

    Tudo indica que o café chegou ao Brasil, mais precisamente em Belém, trazido clandestinamente da Guiana Francesa à pedido do governador do Maranhão e Grão Pará no ano de 1727. No início, o seu cultivo era voltado para o consumo interno, mas se expandiu rapidamente para outros estados como Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná e Minas Gerais. No século XIX o café se tornou a base das exportações nacionais. O Brasil de hoje ainda é soberano na produção mundial de café, produzindo o dobro do segundo...

  3. Expansion of eucalyptus culture in the municipalities of Minas Gerais and territorial management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Batista Rezende

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the development of monoculture index (MI of eucalyptus as a key element for the management of the territory, from the perspective of sustainable development. We analyzed the "geography" of the eucalyptus plantation in Minas Gerais, to support the planning, organization, control and use of territory. The Monoculture index proposed, which is an important tool for land management, was developed and validate by its application to municipalities of Minas Gerais state. It was shown that the culture of Eucalyptus represents a low rate of monoculture in the state of Minas Gerais and that the geography of this culture is compatible with sustainable territorial expansion. Therefore, these results contribute to the definition of public land management in Minas Gerais and the methodology used can be applied to other states.

  4. Species adaptability, seed availability and prospects for improvement of eucalyptus in Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrevia, M.; Balloni, E.A.; Pinto, J.E. Jr.; Jacob, W.S.

    1978-01-01

    As part of a continuing study into possible improvement of Eucalyptus spp. in plantations, data are presented from all existing trials and experimental plantings in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Growth, uniformity, form and fruiting are indicated.

  5. User satisfaction with the Family Health Program in Vespasiano, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mues, Katherine E; Resende, Joana C; Santos, Otávio C dos; Perez, Lilian G; Ferreira, José A; Leon, Juan S

    2012-01-01

    ... (primary caretakers of children under age 5) in Vespasiano, Minas Gerais. Data were collected though cross-sectional household surveys to determine programmatic and demographic factors affecting user satisfaction with the PSF...

  6. Oscilações climáticas em Minas Gerais Climatic oscillations in Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro Boligon Minuzzi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O coeficiente angular da análise de regressão e o coeficiente de Mann-Kendall foram utilizados para analisar tendências climáticas mensais da temperatura máxima, da temperatura mínima, da insolação e do conteúdo de vapor d'água, em algumas localidades do Estado de Minas Gerais. Ambos os testes estatísticos foram aplicados para três diferentes períodos, sendo um de 1961 a 2004, e os demais, em intervalos divididos pelo ponto de descontinuidade identificado pelo Teste de Homogeneidade Normal Padrão (THNP. Os resultados mais relevantes indicam que, em Minas Gerais, a temperatura máxima e a temperatura mínima cresceram no período 1960-2004, entre 1,3ºC e 3,9ºC, mas este comportamento não foi geralmente gradual, sendo associado com a descontinuidade que ocorreu principalmente na década de 1990. A maior parte do crescimento significativo da temperatura máxima centrou-se entre setembro e dezembro. O predomínio de tendência positiva para o vapor d'água é coerente com o aumento observado dos extremos da temperatura. Entre as poucas tendências significativas da insolação, a predominante foi de decréscimo da década de 1960 até meados da década de 1990.The angular coefficient of the linear regression analysis and the Mann-Kendall's coefficient were used to analyze the monthly climatic trends of the maximum and minimum air temperatures, sunshine and water vapor content, on selected locations in the state of Minas Gerais. Both statistical tests were applied in three different periods, one, from 1961 to 2004, and the other ones at intervals separeted by the discontinuity point detected by the Standard Normal Homogeneity Test (SNHT. The most relevant results indicated that in Minas Gerais the maximum and minimum air temperatures increased in the period 1960-2004, between 1,3ºC and 3,9ºC, but this behavior was generally not gradual, being associated with the discontinuity occurring mostly in the 1990's. Most of the significant

  7. Mapeamento de chuvas intensas no estado de Minas Gerais Mapping of heavy rainfalls in the state of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rogério de Mello

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudos associados a chuvas extremas são constituídos de eventos de interesse prático para a gestão dos recursos naturais, como manejo de bacias hidrográficas e conservação dos solos e da água. A distribuição espacial desses eventos possibilita inferir sobre áreas onde sua ocorrência é acentuada e desprovida de informações técnicas. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram promover, a partir de dados pontuais de 177 estações meteorológicas e com a utilização de técnicas geoestatísticas, o mapeamento de chuvas intensas para o Estado de Minas Gerais e identificar as áreas mais vulneráveis no tocante à ocorrência dessas chuvas nesse Estado. Foi constatado que as maiores intensidades ocorrem nas regiões leste e noroeste de Minas Gerais, o que pode ser explicado pela maior influência da Zona de Convergência do Atlântico Sul, além de ocorrência de chuvas convectivas. Foi possível, também, constatar e mapear intensidades intermediárias nas regiões sul e central e os menores valores para as regiões norte e nordeste de Minas Gerais. Para maiores durações, verificou-se, para a região sul, ocorrência de altas intensidades, o que está associado à entrada com maior frequência de frentes frias, produzindo chuvas de longa duração.Studies of heavy rainfall are of practical interest for the conservation management of natural resources such as watersheds and soil and water. The spatial distribution of these natural rainfall events allows conclusions about regions where the occurrence of heavy rain is more frequent and to estimate their magnitude for locations without rainfall data sets. Thus, the purpose of this study was to map heavy rainfall data from 177 meteorological stations, using a geostatistical approach, for Minas Gerais, identifying the most vulnerable regions in terms of the occurrence of heavy rain. The highest values were estimated for the East and Northwest regions of the state, which can be explained by the

  8. A profissionalização da fisioterapia em Minas Gerais Professionalization of physical therapy in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MC Nascimento

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Com base em estudo qualitativo, utilizando a história oral e a análise de documentos, procurou-se identificar as raízes da fisioterapia em Minas Gerais, a fim de discutir o processo de profissionalização e o desenvolvimento da identidade do fisioterapeuta neste Estado. METODOLOGIA: O foco do estudo foi dirigido principalmente a Belo Horizonte, no período compreendido entre 1950 e 1980. O referencial teórico utilizado foi a sociologia das profissões, e teve como guia os cinco passos de profissionalização descritos por Wilensky¹ que são a necessidade da ocupação tornar-se de dedicação exclusiva, o estabelecimento de procedimentos de instrução e seleção, a formação de uma associação profissional, a regulamentação da profissão e a adoção do código de ética. Na pesquisa de campo, foram utilizadas entrevistas do tipo semi-estruturada para colher depoimentos de pessoas consideradas chave, mediante amostragem em série, e o método escolhido foi a análise de conteúdo. RESULTADOS: Avalia-se que o processo de profissionalização da fisioterapia em Minas Gerais é marcado pela hegemonia médica na saúde e que a indefinição das atribuições e competências foram os fatores que motivaram os conflitos internos e externos. CONCLUSÕES: Conclui-se que, para a afirmação efetiva da fisioterapia como profissão, torna-se necessária a delimitação das especificidades do seu saber e do seu fazer (teoria e prática, identificando o papel do fisioterapeuta na equipe multidisciplinar de saúde.OBJECTIVE: To identify the roots of physical therapy in Minas Gerais, in order to understand the professionalization process and the development of identity among physiotherapists in this state, based on a qualitative approach, oral histories and analysis of documents. METHODS: The focus of this study was primarily Belo Horizonte between 1950 and 1980. The theoretical reference point utilized was the sociology of professions and

  9. Botulismo tipo C em perus em Minas Gerais, Brasil Type C botulism in turkeys in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O botulismo é uma intoxicação causada pela ingestão das toxinas produzidas pelo Clostridium botulinum, que acomete mamíferos e aves e é caracterizado por um quadro de paralisia flácida. Neste trabalho, é descrito um surto de botulismo em perus, ocorrido no município de Santa Luzia, região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Os animais apresentavam incoordenação motora, paralisia flácida das patas, asas e pescoço. Em um intervalo de 24 horas, todos os 29 animais do plantel vieram a óbito. Na necropsia, observou-se a presença de larvas de mosca no inglúvio. Nos soros coletados, foi identificada a toxina botulínica tipo C pelo teste de soroneutraliza��ão em camundongos.Botulism is an intoxication caused by the ingestion of toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum. It affects mammals and birds, and is characterized by flaccid paralysis of the limbs. This report describes an outbreak of botulism in turkeys of various ages in the city of Santa Luzia, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The animals showed incoordination followed by flaccid paralysis involving the muscles of the legs, wings and neck. Within 24 hours, all 29 (100% turkeys died. The post-mortem examination revealed the presence of fly larvae in the crop and the C. botulinum type C toxin was demonstrated in the sera of two affected animals by serum neutralization test.

  10. MOVIMENTO MINAS: A PARTICIPAÇÃO CIDADÃ VIA INTERNET NO ESTADO DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kleomara Gomes Cerquinho

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é observar e analisar o fórum eletrônico do Estado de Minas Gerais, intitulado “Movimento Minas”, para verificar quais principais “Conversas” têm sido propostas pelos cidadãos e se o governo tem tornado real essas proposições virtuais. Por se tratar de um trabalho com foco nas interações entre os usuários, bem como no conteúdo das informações que sustenta tais relações, tornou-se necessário realizar uma pesquisa qualitativa por meio da netnografia. Os resultados encontrados sugerem que as ações provenientes deste movimento e concretizadas pelo Estado de Minas Gerais não estão relacionadas às propostas e sugestões indicadas pelos cidadãos, usuários e proponentes na plataforma do “Movimento Minas”.

  11. Inserção econômica de Minas Gerais: uma análise estrutural [Economic insertion of Minas Gerais - a structural analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Amaral Haddad; Fernando Salgueiro Perobelli; Raul Antonio Cristóvão dos Santos

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to verify the interdependence between the productive structure of the state of Minas Gerais and the rest of Brazil. To accomplish that, we use data from the inter-regional input-output table Minas Gerais/rest of the Brazil, 1996 (BDMG, FIPE/USP, 2001) in its modified version for 40 sectors (Haddad and Domingues, 2003). The measure of sectoral interdependence was calculated using the method of hypothetical extraction (Dietzenbacher et al, 1993). In order to capture the...

  12. Quality assessment of coffee grownin Campos Gerais, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polyanna Alves Silva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the quality of 6 samples of Arabica coffee (Red Catuaí/144, new World 4/376, new World Acaiá 19/474, Yellow Catuaí/62, new World 9/375, new World 19/379, subjected to medium roasting, cultivated in the municipality of Campos Gerais, Minas Gerais State. It was used fruit harvested in 2012, acquired in a farm in the region of Capoeirinha. For physical and chemical analysis (pH, moisture, total titratable acidity, total soluble solids, and caffeine and for sensory analysis, it was used 4 replications of each sample. Results from physical and chemical analysis indicated that all the samples can be cultivated in the municipality, since they were within the quality standards for roasted coffee. Coffee of the cultivars New World 4/376, New World acaiá 19/474, Yellow Catuaí 62 and New World 19/378 and New World 9/375 have been classified as non-special coffees, with scores below the special grade. The cultivar Red Catuaí 144 presented lower values of total titratable acidity and the best values of pH, parameters responsible for aroma and flavor of coffee, and therefore classified as a high quality coffee (premium coffee; 80 to 84.99 points.

  13. Verminoses dos bovinos: percepção de pecuaristas em Minas Gerais, Brasil Cattle helminthiasis: farmers perception in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Eduardo da Fonseca Delgado

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de caracterizar o controle dos endoparasitos em rebanhos bovinos do Estado de Minas Gerais. Foram aplicados questionários em 1.304 propriedades rurais, dos quais 1.289 foram validados e utilizados no estudo. As propriedades localizavam-se em 555 municípios inseridos nas 66 microrregiões do Estado de Minas Gerais e foram selecionados por amostragem aleatória. Os entrevistados foram questionados quanto ao perfil sócioeconômico, características de produção e de manejo sanitário da população bovina de cada propriedade, além das atitudes tomadas para o combate dos endoparasitos. Os resultados demonstraram que as diversas práticas de controle das verminoses recomendadas para os rebanhos bovinos são desconhecidas pela maioria dos pecuaristas.This study aimed to characterize the cattle endoparasites control in Minas Gerais State. Questionnaires were applied in 1,304 farms and 1,289 were validated and used in this study. The farms were located at 555 municipalities inserted in 66 Minas Gerais micro-regions and were selected by random sampling. The interviewees were asked about socioeconomic profile, production characteristics and cattle sanitary management of each farm, and attitudes to control the endoparasites. Results showed that the parasites control practices recomemended to cattle are unknown to most of the farmers.

  14. município do interior de minas gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación tiene como objetivo identificar las cinco mayores prevalecías de las actividades de la vida diaria que llevan a la incapacidad funcional entre ancianos residentes en la zona urbana de un municipio en el interior de Minas Gerais, comparando estas actividades por sexos y por área de edad. En la investigación participaron 2.924 ancianos entrevistados en su casa, seleccionados a través de la técnica de muestra estratificada proporcional con selección sistemática, considerando los barrios como áreas o zonas. Los datos fueran procesados en dos entradas en el banco de datos (EpiInfo 3.2.. El análisis consistió de medidas descriptivas y testes χ2 y exacto de Fisher (p<0,05. Las mayores prevalecías fueron: Cortar las uñas de los pies (18,93%; hacer compras diversas (9,4%, subir y bajar escaleras (4,77%, medicarse en la hora (4,12% y caminar cerca de casa. Existe mayor proporción de mujeres con incapacidad funcional cuando comparada a los hombres. Al verificar estas áreas de edad en el sexo masculino y femenino hay mayor proporción de incapacidad entre los ancianos con 80 años y más.

  15. Accessibility assessment in municipal schools of Uberaba, Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Ruan Carvalho Soares

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Architectural barriers generate difficulties, significantly impair people’s access to different environments, and limit accessibility. In the Brazilian public school system, these questions become more relevant when the process of school inclusion of students with special needs for mobility is analyzed. The process of school inclusion is intrinsically associated with the accessibility condition of schools. Through the ‘Accessible School Program‘, schools have received financial incentive to adapt their physical spaces according to accessibility. Objective: To describe the accessibility of the schools that have taken part in the ‘Accessible School Program’ in the municipality of Uberaba, Minas Gerais state. The study also aimed to identify the materials purchased and the adjustments and repairs implemented, evaluating whether the changes attend the technical standard of accessibility and agree with the recommended proposals. Methodology: This is an exploratory-descriptive study of quantitative nature; it was conducted in two phases through documental research and field study. Eleven municipal schools that participated in the ‘Accessible School Program’ were identified. Results: Most of the schools presented problems in almost all the items evaluated: sidewalks, common inside area, door squares, restrooms, locker rooms, swimming pools, parking, cinemas or theatres, auditoriums, stadiums, gymnasiums, concert halls, conference rooms and school furniture. Conclusion: The public schools evaluated present limitations regarding accessibility; the physical barriers erected in the past have not been eliminated and they still represent obstacles to be overcome by students with special needs.

  16. Mercury concentration in fish from Piracicaba River (Minas Gerais, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arantes, I A; Pinto, M T C; Mangabeira, P A; Grenier-Loustalot, M F; Veado, M A R V; Oliveira, A H

    2009-09-01

    Mercury emissions from some upstream gold mining areas and recent findings of high natural Hg levels in sediments motivated studies on the Hg cycle in the Minas Gerais state. The study presents the total mercury amount found in Geophagus brasiliensis' muscular tissue (wet weight) and sediments from Piracicaba River. Mercury was analyzed using acid digestion followed by determination of total mercury by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrophotometry. This study was also complemented with the analysis of the limnological parameters (water temperature, conductivity, total dissolved solids, suspended particles, pH, dissolved oxygen, maximum depth, photic index and total carbon). The mercury concentration in sediments samples was higher than the mercury concentration in muscular tissue of fish. The lowest Hg level measured in fish was 0.0147 microg g( - 1), while the highest was 0.101 microg g( - 1). In the sediment samples, the lowest and highest levels were 0.02 microg g( - 1) and 0.16 microg g( - 1), respectively. The Hg concentrations in fish and sediment were both under the maximum limit permitted by the World Health Organization.

  17. [Schistosomiasis in an ecotourism area in Minas Gerais State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massara, Cristiano Lara; Amaral, Graciela Larissa; Caldeira, Roberta Lima; Drummond, Sandra Costa; Enk, Martin Johannes; Carvalho, Omar dos Santos

    2008-07-01

    This paper discusses schistosomiasis transmission in São José da Serra, a village with a population of 500 in the county of Jaboticatubas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The area receives thousands of visitors a year for ecotourism. The study was motivated by a case of acute schistosomiasis involving a couple that spent the 2007 Carnival (Mardi Gras) holiday in the area. Stool tests from 268 local residents (53.6% of the population) showed that 35 (13%) were positive for the infection. A comparison with a previous survey (2005) in the same location showed an increase in the schistosomiasis-positive rate from 9.6% to 12.5%, among the 56 individuals who participated in both surveys. A malacological survey of 65 Biomphalaria glabrata snails showed one specimen (1.5%) eliminating cercariae. In a similar survey in 2005, no positive snail specimens were found. The study indicates that active schistosomiasis transmission is occurring in the area, and that integrated educational programs are needed for both the local community and tourists.

  18. Homogeneidade de séries climatológicas em Minas Gerais Homogeneity of climatological series in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roziane S. dos Santos

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Os dados climáticos são de extrema importância nas diversas atividades humanas, por fornecerem muitas informações relativas ao meio ambiente e aos impactos nele decorrentes. Portanto, há necessidade de informações meteorológicas estatisticamente homogêneas visto que uma série temporal não homogênea pode comprometer a análise e a interpretação desses dados. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar metodologias para avaliar a homogeneidade de séries de dados de temperaturas máximas e mínimas no Estado de Minas Gerais. A análise de homogeneidade foi feita por meio de três testes de identificação de pontos de descontinuidade nas séries temporais: Teste de Homogeneidade Normal Padrão (SNHT, teste de Pettitt e teste Buishand. Os testes apresentaram resultados muito similares sendo que a maior parte das séries mensais de temperatura foi considerada homogênea. As heterogeneidades ocorreram na década de 1990, principalmente em torno de 1997.Climatic data are extremely important in many human activities; they provide much information about the environment and its impacts. So there is a need for weather data information, statistically homogeneous, because heterogeneity can compromise any time series analysis and interpretations of such data. Thus, this work aimed to study methodologies for assessing the homogeneity of data sets of maximum and minimum temperatures in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The analysis of homogeneity was carried out by means of three tests for the identification of points of discontinuity in the series: Standard Normal Homogeneity Test (SNHT, Pettitt test and the Buishand test. The results of the tests were very similar, with most of the monthly series of temperature were considered homogeneous. Heterogeneities occurred in the 1990s, especially around 1997.

  19. Agroclimatic zoning for urucum crops in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Eduardo de Oliveira Aparecido

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Hardier crops are needed in the arid regions of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, and annatto (Bixa orellana L. is a good candidate. Producers, however, do not know if their areas are suitable for its cultivation and so are not investing in its implementation. Agroclimatic zoning would provide guidance to the producers. Identifying potential areas for the production of this crop would thus contribute to the agroclimatic zoning of B. orellana in Minas Gerais. We collected data for air temperature and precipitation from 852 meteorological stations in the state to classify regions as suitable, marginally suitable, or unsuitable for the crop. Suitable regions had an air temperature between 22 and 27 °C and precipitation between 800 and 1600 mm.y-1. Marginally suitable regions had an air temperature between 22 and 27 °C and precipitation less than 800 mm.y-1. Unsuitable regions had air temperature less than 22 °C or greater than 27 °C. A geographic information system was used for the spatial interpolation of air temperature and precipitation for all meteorological stations using kriging. The agroclimatic zoning of annatto crops for Minas Gerais was obtained by interpolating the two maps, air temperature and precipitation. Minas Gerais has great potential for urucum production, and agroclimatic zoning enabled the classification of regions by climatic suitability. The northern, western, northwestern, and part of the eastern regions of Minas Gerais have favourable climates suitable for the cultivation of B. orellana.

  20. Epidemiological aspects of rotavirus infections in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Maria Luzia da Rosa e

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to develop good polices regarding public health measures and vaccine use to prevent rotavirus induced gastroenteritis, the epidemiology of the illness in various regions of Brazil is necessary. Accordingly, this study was to detect the frequency and types of rotavirus in one city in a tropical part of Brazil. This is an epidemiological survey of pediatric gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus conducted in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. We analyzed 656 in-patient (190 and out-patient (466 stool samples from children ages 0 to 5 years during 1998. Rotavirus detection was performed using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE. Rotavirus was isolated from 62/190 stool samples (32.6% from hospitalized children and 16/466 (3.4% from out-patients. The overall rotavirus frequency in this population was 11.9%. The highest rotavirus detection was found in hospitalized children ages 6 to 24 months. Rotaviruses were detected from March to September, with a peak incidence in June (33.3%, the coldest and driest month in the region. Electrophoretic analysis identified 10 different profiles, all long and compatible with group A rotavirus, termed L A through LJ. The L B and L D profiles circulated throughout most of the study period. However, in June, when the highest detection rate occurred, the vast majority (92.5% of the positive samples displayed the L B profile, thus suggesting an outbreak caused by this rotavirus profile. Rotavirus induced gastroenteritis is common in one tropical region of Brazil, it is an important cause of diarrhea in hospitalized children ages 6 to 24 months, it is most common during dry, cold months of the year, and it may occur in electrophoretype restricted epidemics. Such analyses throughout Brazil will assist in developing sound guidelines regarding its prevention.

  1. Produção de flores cortadas no estado de Minas Gerais Production of cut flowers in the state o Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Correa Landgraf

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available As flores de corte são importantes produtos da floricultura brasileira, as características da produção mineira são, no entanto, desconhecidas. Objetivou-se realizar um estudo da produção de flores de corte no estado de Minas Gerais, aplicou-se um questionário aos produtores do Estado , no período de 2003 a 2005. As visitas foram feitas in loco e os produtores foram identificados por meio de visitas nas áreas produtivas e os questionários foram respondidos por eles próprios. Analisando-se as respostas contidas nos questionários, identificou-se que a produção de flores de corte no estado de Minas Gerais é uma atividade realizada por 188 produtores, numa área plantada de aproximadamente 290,6836 ha As principais espécies cultivadas no Estado são: rosa (151,5710, sempre-vivas (57,26 ha, copo-de-leite (16,0255 ha, cravo (12,6290 ha e helicônia (11,7600 ha. A produção é vendida para o todo o Brasil e também exportada para países da Europa, Ásia e América do Norte. Os principais produtos exportados são: rosas de corte, orquídeas de corte e sempre-vivas.Cut flowers are important products of Brazilian floriculture. The characteristics of Minas Gerais production are, nevertheless, unknown. So, with the purpose of performing a study of the cut flower production in the state of Minas Gerais, a questionnaire was applied to flower growers of Minas Gerais state, in the period of 2003 to 2005. The visits were paid in loco and the growers were identified by means of visits to the flower-growing areas and the questionnaires were answered by them. By analyzing the answers contained in the questionnaires, it was identified that the cut flower production in the state of Minas Gerais is a business accomplished by 188 growers in a planted area of about 290.6836 ha. The main species grown in the state are: rose (151.5710 ha, sempre-vivas (57.26 ha, cala lilly flowers (16.0255 ha, carnation (12.6290 ha and heliconia (11.7600 ha. The

  2. First report of Chalepus dorni (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae in maize crops of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosangela Cristina Marucci

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Chalepus dorni larvae were observed in commercial maize crops in the central region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, during 2006-2007, 2008-2009 and 2010-2011 harvests. Early symptom of attack was characterized first by mines in the lower leaves of maize plants and later by the formation of necrotic areas. Although, there are reports of genus Chalepus in maize, this is the first record on the presence of C. dorni in maize in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

  3. THE INSTRUMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL COMPENSATION IN BRAZIL AND IN THE STATE OF MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Costa de Barros

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Compensation for environmental projects that cause significant environmental impact is an instrument established by Article 36 of Law No. 9.985/2000. The objective of this study was to describe and analyze relevant environmental legislation to the Environmental Compensation instrument in Brazil and use the state of Minas Gerais as a case study. For this we adopted the techniques of bibliographic and documentary research. The result showed that environmental compensation increased in the state of Minas Gerais and can be an important tool to help in environmental conservation through protected areas.

  4. Lizards and Amphisbaenians, municipality of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigues, A. C.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We performed a survey of lizards and amphisbaenians from municipality of Viçosa, in Atlantic Forest from state ofMinas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, based on data of the herpetological collections of Museu de Zoologia João Moojen,Universidade Federal de Viçosa, and Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. One hundred and forty sixspecimens of 14 species were analyzed, belonging to the following families: Amphisbaenidae, Anguidae, Gekkonidae,Gymnophthalmidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Scincidae, Teiidae and Tropiduridae. We hope to supply basicinformation that helps to understand species distribution of this group in the Atlantic Forest of Minas Gerais andsoutheastern Brazil.

  5. Acid drainages of the pyritic sterile from the Pocos de Caldas uranium mine: environmental interpretation and implications; Drenagens acidas do esteril piritoso da mina de uranio de Pocos de Caldas: interpretacao e implicacoes ambientais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Vicente Paulo de

    1995-12-01

    Considering the planned closure of the first uranium mine and milling plant operating in Brazil, located in the Pocos de Caldas Plateau, in the State of Minas Gerais, in the next two years, there is the need to obtain basic information for its decommissioning. Special attention has been directed to the following critical areas: open pit, tailing, dam and waste rock piles, because these are the main sources of acid drainage generation. These waters cannot be allowed to flow in the external environment because in addition to sulphuric acid, there is a number of elements in concentration above those allowed by regulations. Among the waste piles (bota-foras BF) two of them BF-4 and BF-8, are in a process of acid generation, thus requiring more attention. The objective of this work was to simulate at the laboratory scale the oxidation and the reduction zones of BF-4. The experiments were conducted in acrylic columns, where the waste sample was kept under aerated and saturated conditions, in different columns. The control of the chemical (solubilized chemical species), physico-chemical (redox potential, pH, conductivity) and biological (bacterial activity) parameters has been carried out on the acid solutions generated by the chemical and biological reactions that occur at the waste. Although the results refer to a four month period, some relevant points can be highlighted, which will serve as a basis for further research. The mineralogical characterization identified the existence of other sulphides associated to pyrite with lower oxidation potential than the latter. The results obtained with the biological characterization for the two conditions studied revealed that the bacterial activity is more intense in the region in contact with air, than in saturated region. (author) 30 refs., 29 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. Raiva em morcegos Artibeus lituratus em Montes Claros, Estado de Minas Gerais Rabies in Artibeus lituratus bats in Montes Claros, State of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nídia Francisca de Figueiredo Carneiro

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Apresentam-se os primeiros isolamentos do vírus da raiva em morcegos frugívoros, espécie Artibeus lituratus em Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. Diagnosticou-se através da reação de imunofluorescência direta, prova biológica e tipificação viral. Embora a raiva canina esteja controlada na cidade, o vírus rábico continua circulante em morcegos na área urbana.The first isolation of the rabies virus in frugivorous bats of the species Artibeus lituratus in Montes Claros, State of Minas Gerais, is presented. The diagnosis was obtained through the direct immunofluorescence reaction, biological tests and viral profiling. Although canine rabies is under control in this city, the rabies virus continues to circulate in bats in the urban area.

  7. Situational quality evaluation of mammography services at state of Minas Gerais, Brazil; Avaliacao situacional da qualidade dos servicos de mamografia do estado de Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joana, Georgia S.; Oliveira, Mauricio de; Andrade, Mauricio C. de; Cesar, Adriana C.Z., E-mail: georgia.santos@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: mauricio.cavalcanti@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: adrianac@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: mauricio.oliveira@saude.mg.gov.b [Secretaria de Estado da Saude de Minas Gerais (SVS/SES-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Superintendencia de Vigilancia Sanitaria; Oliveira, Marcio A.; Nogueira, Maria do S., E-mail: marcio.alves@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: mnogue@cdtn.b [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Peixoto, Joao E. [Instituto Nacional de Cancer (INCA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women. Currently, the most effective method for early detection of this cancer is the mammography, and to achieve the standard definition and contrast, the whole system of imaging must operate under optimal conditions. This paper presents the results of the assessment of mammography centers in the state of Minas Gerais, which was held with the aim of supporting the actions of the State Program of Quality Control in Mammography. These results indicated that less than half of mammography achieved the minimum standard of image quality, endorsing the need of a monitoring more efficient and effective, which led to the establishment, in Minas Gerais, of the monthly monitoring of image quality in mammography. (author)

  8. Laminosioptes cysticola in free-range chickens in Minas Gerais, Brazil Laminosioptes cysticola em galinhas de fundo de quintal em Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Rodrigo da Silva Martins

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The subcutaneous acarid parasite Laminosioptes cysticola, the fowl cyst mite, has been found for a number of years in free-range chickens of peri-urban and rural Minas Gerais, forming collagen cysts which may be subsequently calcified after the parasite's death. The role of free-range chickens as hosts and the possible risk of food-borne human allergy, as a result of its consumption in feed, are considered.O parasito acarino subcutâneo Laminosioptes cysticola tem sido encontrado em galinhas de subsistência periurbanas e rurais em Minas Gerais, formando cistos arredondados que podem calcificar sob a pele após a morte do parasito. Detalhes do parasitismo e do parasito são discutidos, sendo especulado o risco potencial humano em alergia de origem alimentar pelo consumo da carne da ave contendo os cistos.

  9. Geospatial interpolation of reference evapotranspiration (ETo in areas with scarce data: case study in the South of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Jorge Coelho Simões

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The reference evapotranspiration is an important hydrometeorological variable; its measurement is scarce in large portions of the Brazilian territory, what demands the search for alternative methods and techniques for its quantification. In this sense, the present work investigated a method for the spatialization of the reference evapotranspiration using the geostatistical method of kriging, in regions with limited data and hydrometeorological stations. The monthly average reference evapotranspiration was calculated by the Penman-Monteith-FAO equation, based on data from three weather stations located in southern Minas Gerais (Itajubá, Lavras and Poços de Caldas, and subsequently interpolated by ordinary point kriging using the approach "calculate and interpolate." The meteorological data for a fourth station (Três Corações located within the area of interpolation were used to validate the reference evapotranspiration interpolated spatially. Due to the reduced number of stations and the consequent impossibility of carrying variographic analyzes, correlation coefficient (r, index of agreement (d, medium bias error (MBE, root mean square error (RMSE and t-test were used for comparison between the calculated and interpolated reference evapotranspiration for the Três Corações station. The results of this comparison indicated that the spatial kriging procedure, even using a few stations, allows to interpolate satisfactorily the reference evapotranspiration, therefore, it is an important tool for agricultural and hydrological applications in regions with lack of data.

  10. Rota vírus do grupo a em bezerros lactentes no estado de Minas Gerais Group a rota virus in calves in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edel Figueiredo Barbosa

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available A freqüência de rotavírus do grupo A foi avaliada em 194 amostras, de fezes de bezerros, com idade entre 2 e 60 dias, provenientes de 33 propriedades da bacia leiteira de Pará de Minas, Minas Gerais. Utilizando um sistema de ELISA monoclonal direto, 33 (17% destas amostras foram positivas para rotavírus do grupo A. Do total de animais positivos para rotavírus do grupo A, 60,6% apresentavam diarréia no momento da coleta. Das 33 propriedades amostradas, a presença de rotavírus foi detectada em 19 (57,6%. Dentre todas as amostras examinadas, somente 7 apresentaram simultaneamente rotavírus e Cryptosporidium spp.The frequency of group A rotaviruses was evaluated in 194 calves, 2- to 60-days old, from 33 farms in Pará de Minas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. One hundred and ninety four fecal specimens were tested in a direct monoclonal ELISA and 33 (17% were positive to group A rotavirus. Diarrhea was present in 60,6% of rotavirus-infected calves at the time of feces collection. Group A rotaviruses were detected in 19 (5.,6% of the studied farms. Among all calves tested only seven were infected simultaneously by group A rotavirus and Cryptosporidium spp.

  11. Aggregation, organic matter, and iron oxide morphology in oxisols from Minas Gerais, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muggler, C.C.; Griethuysen, van C.; Buurman, P.; Pape, T.

    1999-01-01

    The characteristic strong aggregation observed in Oxisols is usually attributed to the presence of free aluminium or iron compounds. Previous investigation of Oxisols from Minas Gerais, Brazil, suggested that iron oxide minerals do not necessarily play a role in aggregation. Oxisol profiles

  12. Farmers' Visions on Soils: A Case Study among Agroecological and Conventional Smallholders in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingen, Klarien Elisabeth; De Graaff, Jan; Botelho, Maria Izabel Vieira; Kessler, Aad

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Why do farmers not take better care of their soils? This article aims to give insight into how farmers look at soil quality management. Design/methodology/approach: It analyses diverse land management practices and visions on soils and soil quality of ten agroecological and 14 conventional smallholder farmers in Araponga, Minas Gerais,…

  13. Brucellosis in working equines of cattle farms from Minas Gerais State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junqueira, Danilo Guedes; Dorneles, Elaine Maria Seles; Gonçalves, Vitor Salvador Picão; Santana, Jordana Almeida; Almeida, Valéria Maria de Andrade; Nicolino, Rafael Romero; Silva, Marcos Xavier; Mota, Ana Lourdes Arrais de Alencar; Veloso, Flávio Pereira; Stynen, Ana Paula Reinato; Heinemann, Marcos Bryan; Lage, Andrey Pereira

    2015-10-01

    The present survey aimed at estimating the seroprevalence of brucellosis in working equines of cattle farms from Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and investigating risk factors associated with the infection. Serum samples from 6439 animals, including 5292 horses, 1037 mules and 110 donkeys, were collected from 1936 herds, between September 2003 and March 2004, in 848 municipalities from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The prevalence of antibodies against smooth Brucella spp. found in equines from Minas Gerais State was 1.37% (95% CI: 0.97-1.78), resulting in a prevalence of herds with infected animals of 4.28% (95% CI: 4.21-4.36). There were differences between regions but these were not of major epidemiological relevance nor were most of them statistically significant, given the considerable overlap of confidence intervals. Nevertheless, the point estimates suggest that the three northeastern regions have slightly higher prevalence than the rest of the state, both at the herd and animal levels. No association of Brucella spp. seropositivity with sex, age or host was observed. In conclusion, the present study showed a low but widespread prevalence of antibodies against smooth Brucella in equines kept in cattle farms in Minas Gerais, a state where bovine brucellosis is also widespread albeit with low prevalence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Continual learning for agroforestry system design : university, NGO and farmer partnership in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cardoso, I.M.; Guijt, I.; Franco, F.S.; Caruaiho, A.F.; Ferreira Neto, P.S.

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses a long-term participatory process used to develop agroforestry systems in the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais, Brazil. This area has various characteristics considered appropriate for establishing such systems, which, if well managed, contribute to sustainable land use. In 1993,

  15. Escrevendo por sobre a terra: as fazendas-modelo em Minas Gerais (1906-1915 - Writing upon the land: model farms in Minas Gerais (1906-1915

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irlen Antônio Gonçalves

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available As fazendas-modelo, instituições de ensino agrícola de caráter prático, foram implantadas pelo Brasil e,em Minas Gerais, na capital e em algumas cidades do interior. Elas foram instituídas como parte de uma política pública nacional nos anos iniciais do século 20.Em Minas Geraisforam criadas entre os anos de 1906 e 1915. Neste texto nos propomos compreender como as fazendas-modelo surgiram como instituições de ensino, sua materialidade e os sujeitos da aprendizagem e conhecimentos. Assim, será realizado um diálogo e uma problematização das fontes históricas de diversas origens, tais como a legislação, os anais do Congresso Legislativo, os relatórios anuais e expedientes da diretoria de Agricultura e os relatórios anuais da Secretaria da Agricultura.Palavras-chave: fazendas-modelo, ensino agrícola, campos de demonstração.WRITING UPON THE LAND: MODEL FARMS IN MINAS GERAIS (1906-1915 AbstractModel farms, institutions for practical agricultural education, were spread all over Brazil and, in Minas Gerais, in the capital and other country towns. They were instituted as part as a national public policy in the first years of the 20th century. In Minas Gerais, were created between the years 1906 and1915. Inthis text we propose to understand how the model farms came to be education institutions, in the aspects of her materiality and the subject of learning and knowledge. Then, there will be a dialogue and a questioning of the historical sources of many roots, such as legislation, the proceedings of the Congress Legislature, annual reports and records of the Board of Agriculture and the annual reports of the Secretary of Agriculture.Key-words: model farms, agricultural education, demonstration fields.ESCREVENDO POR SOBRE A TERRA: LAS HACIENDAS MODELO EN MINAS GERAIS (1906-1915 Resumen Las haciendas modelo, instituciones de enseñanza agrícola práctica, se han implantado en todo el Brasil y en Minas Gerais, en la capital, y en

  16. Nova espécie de Miconia Ruiz & Pav. (Melastomataceae para Minas Gerais, Brasil New species of Miconia Ruiz & Pav. (Melastomataceae from Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Andrade Baumgratz

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available É descrita e ilustrada uma nova espécie de Miconia para o Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais - Miconia kriegeriana Baumgratz & Chiavegatto - pertencente à seção Glossocentrum (Crueger Hook. Caracteriza-se, principalmente, pela lâmina foliar bulada, brácteas e profilos crassos e involucrais, cálice 4-6-mero e 12-19 estames. Comenta-se também sobre diferenças morfológicas em relação às espécies próximas, incluindo da seção Miconia ser. Glomeratiflorae Naudin e ser. Seriatiflorae Naudin.A new species of Miconia from Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais is described and illustrated - Miconia kriegeriana Baumgratz & Chiavegatto. This species belongs to the section Glossocentrum (Crueger Hook. and it is characterized by the bullate leaves, bracts and profiles thick and clustered, calyx 4-6-merous and 12-19 stamens. Comments are presented about morphological differences towards related species, including the section Miconia ser. Glomeratiflorae Naudin and ser. Seriatiflorae Naudin.

  17. Chemical study of a green propolis sample of Passa Quatro, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Estudo quimico de uma amostra de propolis verde de Passa Quatro, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tavares, Leonardo Carvalho; Lemos, Telma Leda Gomes de; Arriaga, Angela Martha Campos, E-mail: angelamcarriaga@yahoo.com.b [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFC), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica Organica e Inorganica; Santiago, Gilvandete Maria Pinheiro [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFC), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil). Dept. de Farmacia; Braz Filho, Raimundo [Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    The phytochemical investigation of a sample of propolis from Passa Quatro-Minas Gerais State, Brazil, where nine constituents were isolated: a mixture of {alpha}- and {beta}-amyrin, lupeol, a mixture of flavonols ramnocitrin and eupalitin, acacetin, 3-prenyl-4-hydroxycinnamic acid, 3,5-diprenyl-4-hydroxycinnamic acid the new compound, the (E)-3-[4-(3-phenylpropanoiloxy)]-3,5-diprenyl-cinnamic acid. The structures of the isolated compounds were characterized by 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments, MS and IR spectrometry, and comparison with data described in the literature. (author)

  18. Fatores associados à prevalência de diabetes auto-referido entre idosos de Minas Gerais Factores asociados a la prevalencia de diabetes auto-referida entre ancianos de Minas Gerais, 2003 Factors associated with the prevalence of diabetes as self-reported by elderly persons in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2003

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ana Paula Franco Viegas-Pereira; Roberto Nascimento Rodrigues; Carla Jorge Machado

    2008-01-01

    A prevalência de diabetes vem aumentando mundialmente e, neste artigo, foram analisados alguns de seus fatores associados, focalizando o segmento de idosos residentes em Minas Gerais. Foi utilizado o...

  19. Turismo rural: alternativa de melhoria para a agricultura familiar do Sul de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Katiane Ribeiro; Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG; Borém, Rosângela Alves Tristão; Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG; Alves, Helena Maria Ramos; Embrapa Café, Brasília, DF

    2013-01-01

    A agricultura familiar no Brasil é responsável por mais de 40% do valor bruto da produção agropecuária, sendo um segmento de grande importância no meio rural. Contudo, as inovações tecnológicas, bem como as transformações ocorridas no campo nas últimas décadas vêm modificando as relações sociais de trabalho no meio rural, o que faz com que os produtores busquem alternativas de renda. . A região Sul de Minas Gerais, Mantiqueira de MInas, se destaca pelas paisagens montanhosas, condições edafo...

  20. Demanda residencial de energia elétrica em Minas Gerais: 1970-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Bornacki de Mattos

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to obtain an estimate for residential electricity demand in Minas Gerais in the period from 1970 to 2002. Specifically, the goal was to estimate price and income elasticities. After determining that the series under study were non-stationary, we chose to use the Co-integration approach, estimating a Vector Error Correction Model (VEC Model. The results obtained show that the demand studied is more sensible to variations in the income than to the price of the electricity, although both elasticities are inferior to the unit. It was also concluded that price-elasticity is higher in Minas Gerais than it is for Brazil as a whole, suggesting differentiated usage of this energy among the different states in the Country.

  1. [Interrelatio of acari Ixodidae and hosts of Edentata of the Serra da Canastra, Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botelho, J R; Linardi, P M; da Encarnação, C D

    1989-01-01

    We received for examination a small colection of ticks captured in the National Park of the Serra da Canastra (MG), between 1979 and 1980. The authors demonstrated the existence of a broad co-accomodation of Amblyomma pseudoconcolor on Edentata of the family Dasypodidae, being Dasypodini the tribe more adjusted to this infestation. In conformity to the Figs 1 and 2, Dasypodini are probably the real hosts of A. pseudoconcolor and also the oldest hosts. For the first time, A. pseudoconcolor is also recorded on Cabassous tatouay, C. unicinctus, Priodontes maximus and Euphractus sexcincuts. Also for the first time A. pseudoconcolor and Amblyomma calcaratum were recorded in the State of Minas Gerais. The ectoparasites are deposited in the "Departamento de Parasitologia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil".

  2. Propriedades psicométricas do Raven Geral no contexto de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Flores-Mendoza

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The psychometric parameters of the Standard Progressive Matrices of Raven (SPM test for Minas Gerais state were investigated. 1956 people aged between 07 and 65 were the participants. The analysis of the items through the Item Response Theory, Model 2P, showed appropriate levels of difficulty and discrimination of all items except for item E12, which was extremely difficult. The test information function indicated that the SPM test was relatively easily to carry out by the sample of Minas Gerais. The Flynn effect, or cognitive gains of generation, may be the factor responsible. However, the prediction of school performance (criterion validity using the SPM test is still possible. Implications for professional use are discussed.

  3. A new species of Cordia (Cordiaceae for the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franklin Guimarães, Elsie

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A new species of the genus Cordia (Cordiaceae, C. kuhlmannii E.F. Guim., N.T. Ranga & J.I.M. Melo, for the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil is described and illustrated. The species, belonging to the section Gerascanthus is characterized mainly by irregular calyx lobes, corolla with narrow tube, stamens with glabrate bases and long branches of the style.Se describe e ilustra una nueva especie del género Cordia (Cordiaceae, C. kuhlmannii E.F. Guim., N.T. Ranga & J.I.M. Melo, para el estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. La especie pertenece a la sección Gerascanthus y es caracterizada, principalmente, por presentar los lóbulos del cáliz irregulares, la corola con tubo estrecho, los estambres glabros en la base y las ramas de los estilos largas, de cerca de 5 mm.

  4. Study of the energy matrix of Minas Gerais considering the contribution of nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filho, Wilson P.B., E-mail: wilson.filho@meioambiente.mg.gov.br [Fundaco Estadual do Meio Ambiente, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Costa, Antonella L.; Pinheiro, Ricardo B.; Fortini, Angela, E-mail: antonella@nuclear.ufmg.br, E-mail: rbrantp@gmail.com, E-mail: fortini@nuclear.ufmg.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear

    2015-07-01

    The integrated energy planning is a very important tool for long-term study, projections and reviews of the energy mix of a country or region. By dealing with energy supply and demand projections is therefore related to the needs of society and its development index within a context of sustainability. The aim of this study is to provide information about the Minas Gerais electric matrix and propose solutions for the need of future energy import. In this way, it is proposed a possible deployment of nuclear power plants, in parallel with wind and solar energy, for the necessary energy expansion in the face of population growth framework and energy use in Minas Gerais. Thus, the study tends to contribute to decision-making related to public policies. (author)

  5. Maravilha e conhecimento na arte religiosa de Minas colonial Wonder and knowledge in the religious art from colonial Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Henrique Viana

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A arte religiosa barroca construiu verdadeiras máquinas capazes de maravilhar quem se aproximasse. O objetivo era a conversão do fiel e a maravilha, a isca que o podia atrair, fazendoo considerar os ensinamentos da Igreja. Nesse sentido, procurase identificar na pintura, talha e música religiosas de Minas colonial alguns artifícios usados para maravilhar e ensinar os fiéis.Baroque religious art built true machines capable of amazing those who approached them. The intent behind such devices was to convert and amaze the faithful, as a kind of "bait" which could attract them, and make them take into account the teachings of the Catholic Church. In this sense, we seek to identify in religious painting, woodcarving and music of colonial Minas Gerais (Brazil some artifices employed to provoke wonder and teach the faithful.

  6. Antecipação de safra para videira Niágara Rosada na região sul do estado de Minas Gerais Harvest anticipation for 'Niagara Rosada' grapes in southern Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Alice Ferreira

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este experimento foi conduzido em propriedade particular no município de Caldas-MG, durante o ciclo 1999/ 2000, utilizando plantas pré-estabelecidas da cultivar Niagara Rosada enxertadas sobre RR 101-14, visando a antecipar o período de colheita da videira no sul do Estado de Minas Gerais. Foi comparado o efeito da poda antecipada, do uso de cobertura plástica e da irrigação com o sistema de produção, por meio dos seguintes tratamentos: poda antecipada, com cobertura plástica, com e sem irrigação; poda antecipada e poda convencional. Avaliaram-se o comprimento do ciclo, acúmulo de graus-dia da poda à maturação, características físicas: diâmetro transversal e longitudinal, peso e número de cachos por planta e as características químicas: teor de sólidos solúveis totais, pH e acidez total titulável. Apesar do maior acúmulo de graus-dia, a cobertura plástica não promoveu redução no ciclo vegetativo e causou redução na produção. A poda antecipada sem cobertura plástica permitiu uma precocidade de 42 dias na colheita, sem aumentar o custo de produção do vinhedo. As plantas submetidas à poda convencional a céu aberto apresentaram maior número e peso de cachos, maiores valores de diâmetro e teor de SST. Não houve diferença significativa entre pH e acidez.This work was carried out in a private vineyard, in Caldas-MG, during the 1999/2000 agricultural year, using 'Niagara Rosada' grafted on 'RR 101-44' established plants, aiming to anticipate grape harvest in Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil. The following treatments were evaluated: anticipated pruning with plastic cover, with or without irrigation; anticipated and regular pruning. Cycle length, degrees-day accumulation from pruning to ripening, morphological characteristics (transversal and longitudinal diameters, weight and number of bunches per plant and chemical characteristics (soluble solids level, pH and acidity were evaluated. Despite the higher degree

  7. Prevalence and risk factors for porcine cysticercosis in rural communities of eastern Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Acevedo-Nieto, Emilio C.; Paulo S.A. Pinto; Silva, Letícia F.; Guimarães-Peixoto, Rafaella P.M.; Santos, Tatiane O.; Ducas, Camilla T.S.; Bevilacqua, Paula D.

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium, a parasitic zoonosis that affects human and pigs raised free-range in developing countries. The epidemiology of the taeniosis cysticercosis complex in Brazil is poorly understood especially when it comes to field research. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis in rural communities located in the east of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. From 371 farms in the county o...

  8. Occurrence of Fasciola hepatica (Linnaeus, 1758) infection in Brazilian cattle of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Walter dos Santos Lima; Lanuze Rose Mozzer Soares; Thales Augusto Barçante; Marcos Pezzi Guimaraes; Joziana Muniz de Paiva Barçante

    2009-01-01

    Fasciolosis is a parasitic disease which is caused by digenetic trematodes, such as Fasciola hepatica, and which occurs worldwide. The disease causes significant economic losses in cattle because of the reduction in milk and meat production and because the parasitized livers have no economic value. Also, abortion and mortality rates increase. To determine the occurrence and dispersal of F. hepatica in the state of Minas Gerais, fecal samples were collected from bovines aged 12 months and olde...

  9. Impacts of climate projections on water balance and implications on olive crop in Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Santos,Diego F. dos; Martins,Fabrina B.; Torres,Roger R.

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Minas Gerais is vulnerable to climate change, with negative impacts on water balance and changes in the cultivation of several crops. Currently, the olive crop has been an alternative source for farmers, especially those in the South of the state. However, there is no information on areas with climatic conditions suitable for olive cultivation, as well as the possible impacts of climate change. The aim of this study was to verify the impact of climate projections on water balance and...

  10. Plantas invasoras da cultura do feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L. no Estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Pedro Laca-Buendia

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas áreas de cultura do feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L., no Estado de Minas Gerais, foram coletadas e identificadas 222 espécies de plantas invasoras (= plantas daninhas, pertencentes a 35 famílias botânias, representando 118 gêneros, sendo que as famílias Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Malvaceae, Convolvulaceae, Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cyperaceae e Solanaceae, são as mais importantes em relação à cultura. As plantas coletadas, devidamente etiquetadas e identificadas, foram anexadas no PAMG (Herbário da Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte - (MG..A survey in the cultivation area of bean in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, resulted in the determination of 222 weeds species, of 118 genera belonging to 35 families presenting a greater number of species areas: Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Malvaceae, Convolvulaceae, Rubiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Cyperaceae and Solanaceae, with 33, 30, 25, 21, 12, 10. 10, 10, 9. 8 species respectively.

  11. Congenital toxoplasmosis in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil: a neglected infectious disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carellos, E V M; Caiaffa, W T; Andrade, G M Q; Abreu, M N S; Januário, J N

    2014-03-01

    This study aimed to investigate the distribution of congenital toxoplasmosis in the state of Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil and describe the demographic and socioeconomic profile of the municipalities associated with the disease. An ecological study was conducted using socioeconomic indicators of a database (MGSSRI) created by Fundação João Pinheiro (a government technical support agency of Minas Gerais), in order to show the development of the municipalities in the state. The prevalence of toxoplasmosis was the outcome and the items of the MGSSRI were the explanatory variables. Of 146,307 newborns screened (November 2006 to May 2007), 190 had congenital toxoplasmosis, yielding a prevalence of 1·3/1000, ranging from 0 to 76·9/1000 in the municipalities. The multivariate model indicated a higher occurrence of toxoplasmosis in municipalities with smaller populations and worse indexes of tax performance. Congenital toxoplasmosis appears to be a neglected disease in the state of Minas Gerais, given the high prevalence found and its concentration in municipalities with worse socioeconomic indexes.

  12. As Cooperativas de Agricultura Familiar e o Mercado de Compras Governamentais em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Aparecida Lima Costa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available As políticas recentes de compras governamentais que emergiram a partir dos anos 2000, tais como Programa Nacional da Alimentação Escolar (PNAE e o Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos (PAA, trouxeram oportunidades significativas de acesso a mercados para cooperativas de agricultura familiar no Brasil. Apesar das possibilidades que o PNAE e o PAA oferecem para a agricultura familiar e suas organizações, os programas também apresentam uma série de desafios, na medida em que envolvem diferentes agentes no processo de aquisição de alimentos. Este artigo pretende traçar o perfil das cooperativas de agricultura familiar em Minas Gerais e analisar as principais dificuldades para acessar o mercado institucional. Para tanto, foram analisados os diagnósticos realizados em 19 cooperativas de agricultura familiar em diferentes regiões de Minas Gerais em 2011. Apesar do acesso aos mercados locais em âmbito municipais e regionais, identificou-se que existem questões relacionadas à assistência técnica, adequação sanitária, gestão e logística que impedem as cooperativas de acessar essas políticas nos grandes centros de Minas Gerais.

  13. Impacts of climate projections on water balance and implications on olive crop in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego F. dos Santos

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Minas Gerais is vulnerable to climate change, with negative impacts on water balance and changes in the cultivation of several crops. Currently, the olive crop has been an alternative source for farmers, especially those in the South of the state. However, there is no information on areas with climatic conditions suitable for olive cultivation, as well as the possible impacts of climate change. The aim of this study was to verify the impact of climate projections on water balance and agroclimatic zoning for olive cultivation in the Minas Gerais, based on current climate conditions (1980-2011, and different climate change projections for three future periods (2011-2040, 2041-2070 and 2071-2100. For the current climate, Minas Gerais showed 37% of suitable area, 15% of marginal area and 48% of unsuitable area for olive cultivation. For the period 2071-2100, only 4% was classified as suitable area, 6% as marginal area and 90% as unsuitable. Projections of climate change, of both temperature and rainfall, will affect the olive cultivation, substantially reducing the suitable area in the entire state.

  14. Simulating Deforestation in Minas Gerais, Brazil, under Changing Government Policies and Socioeconomic Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stan, Kayla; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo; Espírito-Santo, Mário; Portillo-Quintero, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural expansion is causing deforestation in Minas Gerais, Brazil, converting savanna and tropical dry forest to farmland, and in 2012, Brazil's Forest Code was revised with the government reducing deforestation restrictions. Understanding the effects of policy change on rates and locations of natural ecosystem loss is imperative. In this paper, deforestation in Minas Gerais was simulated annually until 2020 using Dinamica Environment for Geoprocessing Objects (Dinamica EGO). This system is a state-of-the-art land use and cover change (LUCC) model which incorporates government policy, landscape maps, and other biophysical and anthropogenic datasets. Three studied scenarios: (i) business as usual, (ii) increased deforestation, and (iii) decreased deforestation showed more transition to agriculture from shrubland compared to forests, and consistent locations for most deforestation. The probability of conversion to agriculture is strongly tied to areas with the smallest patches of original biome remaining. Increases in agricultural revenue are projected to continue with a loss of 25% of the remaining Cerrado land in the next decade if profit is maximized. The addition of biodiversity value as a tax on land sale prices, estimated at over $750,000,000 USD using the cost of extracting and maintaining current species ex-situ, can save more than 1 million hectares of shrubland with minimal effects on the economy of the State of Minas Gerais. With environmental policy determining rates of deforestation and economics driving the location of land clearing, site-specific protection or market accounting of externalities is needed to balance economic development and conservation.

  15. The Bignoniaceae Juss. family (ipes in the municipal district of Lavras, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Esteves Mansanares

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Bignoniaceae family has 120 genera and 800 species with pantropical distribution, occurring mainly in the neotropics. About 32 genera and 350 species occur in Brazil, which is considered the center of diversity of the family. In Minas Gerais, some surveys indicate the occurrence of species such as Dolichandra unguis-cati, Fridericia speciosa and Handroanthus chrysotrichus. Lavras studies show 58 species. The municipality is located in a transition zone between savanna and semideciduous forest, with rugged terrain, which promotes a diversity of vegetation physiognomy. The objective was to catalog the species of native and exotic Bignoniaceae of Lavras, Minas Gerais, besides the elaboration of an identification key for them. Data were collected from all herbarium specimens with record collection in the city incorporated in the Herbarium ESAL; species cited in phytosociological studies of the county and registration of ornamental species found in parks, gardens and nurseries of the city were also raised. The specimens were identified in situ, by comparisons, consultations with specialists and specialized taxonomic literature. Fifty eight species (51 native and seven exotic were found, distributed in 21 genera, of which Jacaranda (10 species was the most common, followed by Fridericia (8 species and Handroanthus (7 species. Among the ornamental species stood out Handroanthus impetiginosus (Purple-ipe and Handroanthus serratifolius (Yellow-ipe. The number of species was superior to other localities, the largest similarity observed was with species of Itacolomi State Park, Minas Gerais.

  16. Mortalidade por causas externas em idosos em Minas Gerais, Brasil Mortalidad por causas externas en ancianos en Minas Gerais, Brasil Mortality from external causes among elderly in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila Mourão Xavier Gomes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available perfil dos óbitos dessa faixa etária, em Minas Gerais, Brasil, no período de 1999 a 2008. Os dados foram obtidos a partir do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde e do Departamento de Informática do Ministério da Saúde. Os resultados apontaram coeficientes crescentes de mortalidade em idosos durante os anos estudados. Destacaramse como principais causas as quedas e os acidentes de transporte. Também foram registradas taxas ascendentes dos casos de homicídios e suicídios, especialmente em idosos do sexo masculino. São necessárias medidas preventivas imediatas, pois os idosos se mostram cada vez mais sujeitos às mortes por causas externas.Este es un estudio descriptivo con el objetivo de examinar la mor talidad por causas externas en los ancianos y el perfil de los óbitos en este grupo de edad, en Minas Gerais, Brasil, desde 1999 hasta 2008. Los datos fueron obtenidos del Sistema de Informaciones sobre Mor talidad y del Departamento de Informática del Ministerio de Salud. Los resultados mostraron aumento de los coeficientes de la mortalidad en ancianos durante los años estudiados. Las caídas y accidentes de transporte se destacaron como las principales causas de muertes. Los resultados también mostraran crecientes tasas de homicidios y suicidios, especialmente en los ancianos varones. Medidas inmediatas de prevención son necesarias, ya que los ancianos son cada vez más sujetos a las muertes por causas externas.This is a descriptive study that aimed to analyze the mortality among elderly persons by external causes and the death profile of this age in Minas Gerais, Brazil, from 1999 to 2008. The data were obtained from the Mortality Information System and from the Department of Informatics of the Ministry of Health. The results showed increasing mortality coefficients in elderly people during the years studied. The falls and transport accidents stood out as major causes of deaths. The results also

  17. Preliminary evaluation of acid mine drainage in Minas Gerais State, Brazil Avaliação preliminar de drenagem ácida no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Wilson Vargas de Mello

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Mining in the State of Minas Gerais-Brazil is one of the activities with the strongest impact on the environment, in spite of its economical importance. Amongst mining activities, acid drainage poses a serious environmental problem due to its widespread practice in gold-extracting areas. It originates from metal-sulfide oxidation, which causes water acidification, increasing the risk of toxic element mobilization and water resource pollution. This research aimed to evaluate the acid drainage problem in Minas Gerais State. The study began with a bibliographic survey at FEAM (Environment Foundation of Minas Gerais State to identify mining sites where sulfides occur. Substrate samples were collected from these sites to determine AP (acidity potential and NP (neutralization potential. The AP was evaluated by the procedure of the total sulfide content and by oxygen peroxide oxidation, followed by acidity titration. The NP was evaluated by the calcium carbonate equivalent. Petrographic thin sections were also mounted and described with a special view to sulfides and carbonates. Based on the chemical analysis, the acid-base accounting (ABA was determined by the difference of AP and NP, and the acid drainage potential obtained by the ABA value and the total volume of material at each site. Results allowed the identification of substrates with potential to generate acid drainage in Minas Gerais state. Altogether these activities represent a potential to produce between 3.1 to 10.4 billions of m³ of water at pH 2 or 31.4 to 103.7 billions of m³ of water at pH 3. This, in turn, would imply in costs of US$ 7.8 to 25.9 millions to neutralize the acidity with commercial limestone. These figures are probably underestimated because some mines were not surveyed, whereas, in other cases, surface samples may not represent reality. A more reliable state-wide evaluation of the acid drainage potential would require further studies, including a larger number of

  18. El tratado de Andrea Pozzo y sus reflejos en los retablos en Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aziz José de Oliveira Pedrosa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A produção da talha dourada nas Minas Gerais do século18 foi possível pela pontual presença de artífices portugueses, que, de diversas regiões do Reino, migraram para o Brasil, diante das boas oportunidades de trabalhos de Arquitetura e ornamentação, nas igrejas que se erguiam na região de Minas. Muitos desses homens, entre arquitetos, entalhadores e demais profissionais que se dedicavam às artes e aos ofícios, foram os responsáveis pelos trabalhos de confecção da talha dourada, ornamentos necessários para deixar as igrejas com a devida decência para abrigar a fé de uma população em plena gênese de formação. Observe-se que foram, esses mesmos homens, os responsáveis por trazer as novidades artísticas vigentes na Europa Barroca para o interior das igrejas de Minas e aqui aclimatá-las, de acordo com as condições locais, tão divergentes do contexto europeu. Entretanto pouco se sabe sobre os modos pelos quais circularam na Capitania de Minas os modelos de Arquitetura e ornamentação, mas a descoberta de pequena biblioteca, sob a posse do entalhador José Coelho de Noronha, abre novos caminhos para debater o assunto, e traz a conhecimento reflexões de que, em Minas Gerais, durante o século 18, circularam tratados de Arquitetura. Assim, o presente artigo discute possibilidades de serem, alguns livros sob a posse de José Coelho de Noronha, os tratados de Arquitetura de Andrea Pozzo, que tiveram grande aceite e divulgação no mundo artístico europeu e, certamente, incidiram seus reflexos na Capitania de Minas.

  19. Survey of Minas frescal cheese from Southwest Minas Gerais for virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mõnica Hitomi Okura

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The soft cheese Minas frescal is one of the most popular cheese in Brazil, which is typically manufactured in small dairy farms under unsatisfactory hygiene conditions. To assess the risk involved in consumption of this cheese, virulence markers were investigated in 330 Escherichia coli strains isolated from 30 Minas frescal cheeses inspected by official government agency (SIF - serviço de inspeção federal, from 50 cheeses not inspected by SIF and 31 cheeses not inspected by SIF with spice added, all of them collected in the southwest of Minas Gerais State. The E. coli isolates were screened for the presence of Shiga toxin-encoding (stx 1 and stx 2, intimin (eae genes and for the presence of (pap, sfa, afa genes related to adhesion in epithelial cells. The only gene detected by PCR was the sfa gene at one isolate. The strains were also screened for resistance to 9 antimicrobial drugs. Predominant resistance was to cephalothin, tetracycline and streptomycin. Multidrug resistance was found among isolates from cheese with SIF (16.6%, cheese without SIF (8.0% and cheese without SIF with spice added (30.0% what is a reason for concern due to the high consumption of raw milk cheese by the Brazilian population.

  20. Aflatoxin M1 in samples of "minas" cheese commercialized in the city of Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais/Brazil Aflotoxina M1 em amostras de queijo "minas" comercializada na cidade de Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais/ Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme PRADO

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Milk products such as cheeses may be contaminated by aflatoxin M1 when dairy cattle have consumed feeds contaminated with aflatoxin B1. Samples of "Minas" cheeses (fresh, canastra and standard were collected by the Inspection Service in the Mercado Central in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais - Brazil. A purified extract was obtained by extraction with dichloromethane followed by a washing with n-hexane and immunoaffinity column purification. The quantification of aflatoxin M1 was done by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC using a fluorescence detector. Recoveries were about 75%. In 56 of the 75 samples (74.7%, the presence of aflatoxin M1 was detected in concentrations ranging between 0.02 and 6.92ng/g of cheese. In the positive cases ( > or = 0.02ng/g the mean contamination level of aflatoxin M1 was 0.08ng/g in fresh cheese, 0.36ng/g in canastra cheese and 0.62ng/g in standard cheese. No aflatoxin M1 maximum tolerance level in cheese has been established in Brazil.Produtos derivados de leite, como queijo, podem estar contaminados com aflatoxina M1 quando o gado leiteiro consome ração contaminada com aflatoxina B1. Amostras de queijo "Minas" ( frescal, canastra e padrão foram coletados pela Vigilância Sanitária de Minas Gerais - Brasil. Foi obtido um extrato purificado através de extração com diclorometano, seguido de lavagem com n-hexano e purificação em coluna de imunoafinidade. A quantificação da aflatoxina M1 foi feita por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE usando detetor de fluorescência. Os valores de recuperação foram em torno de 75%. A presença de aflatoxina M1 foi detectada em 56 das 75 amostras (74,7% e a faixa de concentração observada foi 0,02 a 6,92ng/g de queijo. Dentre os valores positivos ( > ou = 0,02ng/g a média de contaminação de aflatoxina M1 foi 0,08ng/g para queijo frescal, 0,36ng/g para queijo canastra e 0,62ng/g para queijo padrão. O Brasil não apresenta nível de toler

  1. Potencial de clones elite de batata como novas cultivares para Minas Gerais Potential of elite potato clones as new cultivars for Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César ABP Pinto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Historicamente a bataticultura brasileira tem utilizado cultivares desenvolvidas em países de clima temperado, principalmente da Europa, cultivares estas pouco adaptadas às nossas condições ambientais, principalmente ao fotoperíodo mais curto, temperaturas médias mais elevadas, solos mais pobres e maior pressão de patógenos e pragas. Objetivou-se avaliar clones avançados de batata obtidos pelo programa de melhoramento genético da Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA, mais resistentes às principais doenças, com ampla adaptação às várias épocas de plantio no sul de Minas Gerais e adequados ao mercado in natura ou ao processamento industrial. Foram realizados seis experimentos em quatro localidades no sul de Minas Gerais, nas safras da seca, de inverno e das águas. O delineamento experimental foi blocos casualizados com 26 tratamentos e três repetições, sendo utilizados 22 clones elites e quatro cultivares como testemunhas. Alguns clones apresentaram características de interesse para serem lançados como novas cultivares, podendo ser destinados aos diversos tipos de mercado. Os clones NES 1-08 e PRM 348 poderiam ser indicados ao mercado in natura, pois apresentaram boa aparência de tubérculos e aptidão para usos múltiplos (fritura, purês, cozimento, etc.. Já os clones CBM 9-10 e CBM 4-48 poderiam ser indicados para o processamento industrial na forma de pré-fritas congeladas, pois apresentaram alto peso específico, alta porcentagem de tubérculos graúdos e formato alongado. Os clones CBM 19-11 e CBM 16-16 poderiam ser indicados para o processamento industrial na forma de "chips" e/ou batata "palha", pois apresentaram formato arredondado e peso específico adequado.Potato cropping in Brazil has been using cultivars developed in temperate countries, especially from Europe. These cultivars are not completely adapted to the environmental Brazilian conditions, especially the shorter photoperiod, higher mean temperatures

  2. Viabilidade do cultivo da ervilha no norte de Minas Gerais Viability of pea cultivation in the North of Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Aparecida V. de Resende

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de estudar a viabilidade de se cultivar ervilha destinada à produção de grãos secos e verdes no norte de Minas Gerais, foram conduzidos dois ensaios de competição entre cultivares na fazenda experimental da EPAMIG, em Janaúba. O primeiro ensaio foi instalado em 16 de maio de 1995 e foram avaliadas 20 cultivares e linhagens. O segundo ensaio foi instalado em 15 de maio de 1997 e foram testadas 15 cultivares e linhagens. A ervilha foi plantada no espaçamento entre fileiras de 30 cm, utilizando-se 30 sementes por metro. Os ensaios foram conduzidos em solo de média a alta fertilidade e fez-se adubação com 90, 140 e 80 kg/ha de N, P2O5 e K2O, respectivamente. Os ensaios foram irrigados por aspersão convencional, e foram utilizados defensivos químicos (fungicidas, inseticidas e nematicidas. As temperaturas médias durante a condução do ensaio de 1995 foram mais altas que as de 1997 e representaram bem as variações de temperatura do local. A emergência das plântulas deu-se com seis ou nove dias. Dependendo da cultivar e do ano, o florescimento teve início entre 23 e 45 dias após a emergência. A duração do período reprodutivo (início da floração à colheita variou de 32 a 57 dias. O ciclo de vida, contado a partir da emergência, variou de 58 a 96 dias. Os rendimentos máximos alcançados foram 2,5 t/ha, em 1995, e 2,4 t/ha, em 1997, com uma taxa de produção máxima de 42,9 kg/ha/dia, obtida em 1995 com a cultivar precoce Majestic. Portanto, é viável o cultivo da ervilha no Norte de Minas Gerais ou em locais onde as condições edafoclimáticas forem semelhantes às de Janaúba.Two trials were carried out at Janaúba (Northern Minas Gerais State to evaluate the viability of dry pea (smooth and wrinkled seed coat cultivation in this semi-arid region. The 1995 trial of 20 cultivars or lines was set up on May 16. The 1997 trial was set up on May 15, testing 15 materials. Thirty seeds per meter were planted in

  3. A florada do cafezal no sul de Minas Gerais La floraison de plantation de café dans le sud de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Shinji Kawakubo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tudo indica que o café chegou ao Brasil, mais precisamente em Belém, trazido clandestinamente da Guiana Francesa à pedido do governador do Maranhão e Grão Pará no ano de 1727. No início, o seu cultivo era voltado para o consumo interno, mas se expandiu rapidamente para outros estados como Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná e Minas Gerais. No século XIX o café se tornou a base das exportações nacionais.O Brasil de hoje ainda é soberano na produção mundial de café, produzindo o dobro do segundo ...

  4. Vaginal leiomyosarcoma in a cow from Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil Leiomiossarcoma Vaginal em uma vaca de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Elsen Saut

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemical findings associated with a vaginal leiomyosarcoma in a 12-year-old, Senepol breed of cow from Uberlândia, Minas Gerais are described. The animal had a large ulcerative neoplastic growth that originated between the base and the left-lateral vaginal wall. Histopathology revealed a tumor formed by muscle-like cells that demonstrated cellular pleomorphism, anisokaryosis, prominent and multiple nucleoli, with rare tumor giant cells. The neoplastic growth invaded adjacent adipose tissue, and contained areas of hemorrhage with discrete accumulations of inflammatory cells. By immunohistochemistry, most neoplastic cells expressed actin, while immunoreactivity to desmin was weakly expressed. These findings support a diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma, and represent the first description of a bovine vaginal leiomyosarcoma from Brazil.No presente trabalho, foram descritos os achados clínicos, patológicos e imunohistoquímicos de uma vaca da raça Senepol, 12 anos, com leiomiossarcoma vaginal, de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. O animal apresentou massa ulcerada localizada entre a base e parede lateral-esquerda da vagina. A histopatologia revelou uma neoplasia formada por células fusiformes a arredondadas que demonstraram pleomorfismo celular, anisocariose, nucléolos proeminentes e múltiplos, com raras células gigantes tumorais. O crescimento neoplásico invadiu o tecido adiposo adjacente e continha áreas de hemorragia com discreto acúmulo de células inflamatórias. A maioria das células neoplásicas expressou actina na avaliação imunohistoquímica, enquanto a imunoreatividade para desmina foi fracamente expressa. Os achados suportam o diagnóstico de leiomiossarcoma e representa a primeira descrição de leiomiossarcoma vaginal em bovinos no Brasil.

  5. Meningoencefalite por Herpesvirus bovino 5 em Minas Gerais: relato de caso clínico Meningoencephalitis by Bovine herpesvirus 5 in Minas Gerais state: clinical case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.M. Aquino Neto

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Relata-se um caso de meningoencefalite causada por Herpesvirus bovino 5 (BoHV-5 heritabilityem uma vaca com cinco anos de idade. O animal manifestou quadro clínico inicial de síndrome medular baixa, caracterizada por incoordenação dos membros pélvicos, sinais estes ainda não descritos para a enfermidade. Dentro de pouco tempo a doença evoluiu para síndrome cerebral, e o óbito ocorreu seis dias após o inicio dos sintomas. Na histopatologia, evidenciou-se meningoencefalite difusa, não supurada, e a confirmação do diagnóstico foi feita por reação em cadeia de polimerase e sequenciamento do segmento parcial da glicoproteína G do vírus. O trabalho confirma a presença do BoHV-5 em Minas Gerais, descreve características clínicas novas para a enfermidade e ressalta sua importância no diagnóstico diferencial das neuropatias bovinas.A clinical case of meningoencephalitis by Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5 in a five-year-old cow was reported. The disease began with low spinal cord signs, characterized by incoordination, and these symptoms had never been related to this illness before. Signs of a brain syndrome were observed and the cow died in six days. At the histopathology, a spread non-supurative meningoencephalitis was diagnosed, and the virus identification was made by PCR and partial sequence of the glycoprotein G. This study confirm the BoHV-5 presence in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, describes new clinic characteristics, and show the importance of the disease in the differentiate diagnosis with others bovine central nervous system affections.

  6. When a University Opens Itself to Diversity: A Brief Report on the Intercultural Formation Course for Indigenous Teachers, from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobo de Rezende, Luisa Andrade

    2009-01-01

    The Federal University of Minas Gerais (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais-UFMG), located in the city of Belo Horizonte in Brazil, has been a committed partner of indigenous communities since 1996. This partnership began with the creation of spaces intended to elaborate and transform the traditional wisdom of these communities in favour of their…

  7. Inserção econômica de Minas Gerais: uma análise estrutural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Amaral Haddad

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to verify the interdependence between the productive structure of the state of Minas Gerais and the rest of Brazil. To accomplish that, we use data from the inter-regional input-output table Minas Gerais/rest of the Brazil, 1996 (BDMG, FIPE/USP, 2001 in its modified version for 40 sectors (Haddad and Domingues, 2003. The measure of sectoral interdependence was calculated using the method of hypothetical extraction (Dietzenbacher et al, 1993. In order to capture the dependence of Minas Gerais and the rest of Brazil on the rest of the world, the external sector was taken from the final demand vector and was incorporated in the intersectoral transaction matrix.

  8. Developing a GIS for Rural School Transportation in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Franco Porto

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This Report aims to give a detailed account of the study of rural school transportation in Minas Gerais and propose a routing method to create better routes to attend rural students and schools. The federal government of Minas Gerais launched a three-year program to establish new school bus lines in rural parts of the state. This government project's goal is to give better access to basic services such as schooling in poorer areas of the country in order to contribute to their development and make their life conditions better. The situation of rural school transportation in Brazil is shown in this paper. The analysis of the conditions of school transportation and comparison with school transportation in other countries, such as the United States or France, will show that action is necessary for the development of rural areas of the state. This will bring to introduce the new federal government project that aims to create new school bus lines around the state to guarantee better access to education. In this very important project, which has many different universities and private companies are working on, the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, with the Transport laboratory NucleTrans, held by Pr. Marcelo Franco Porto, has been given the task to establish a routing method to be used on the municipalities concerned by the project, and establish a methodology. In order to understand how a methodology can be established for school bus routing, it is necessary to contextualize the different existing methods for solving the Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP. Thus, the focus was turned upon the heuristic methods that are able to find a "good" solution to the problem. The performance of the heuristics was tested for the city of Governador Valadares. The results of this test were also discussed in this paper.

  9. Simulating Deforestation in Minas Gerais, Brazil, under Changing Government Policies and Socioeconomic Conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayla Stan

    Full Text Available Agricultural expansion is causing deforestation in Minas Gerais, Brazil, converting savanna and tropical dry forest to farmland, and in 2012, Brazil's Forest Code was revised with the government reducing deforestation restrictions. Understanding the effects of policy change on rates and locations of natural ecosystem loss is imperative. In this paper, deforestation in Minas Gerais was simulated annually until 2020 using Dinamica Environment for Geoprocessing Objects (Dinamica EGO. This system is a state-of-the-art land use and cover change (LUCC model which incorporates government policy, landscape maps, and other biophysical and anthropogenic datasets. Three studied scenarios: (i business as usual, (ii increased deforestation, and (iii decreased deforestation showed more transition to agriculture from shrubland compared to forests, and consistent locations for most deforestation. The probability of conversion to agriculture is strongly tied to areas with the smallest patches of original biome remaining. Increases in agricultural revenue are projected to continue with a loss of 25% of the remaining Cerrado land in the next decade if profit is maximized. The addition of biodiversity value as a tax on land sale prices, estimated at over $750,000,000 USD using the cost of extracting and maintaining current species ex-situ, can save more than 1 million hectares of shrubland with minimal effects on the economy of the State of Minas Gerais. With environmental policy determining rates of deforestation and economics driving the location of land clearing, site-specific protection or market accounting of externalities is needed to balance economic development and conservation.

  10. Microbiological quality of food of animal origin commercialized in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Ricardo de Castro Leite Júnior

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of pasteurized milk, Minas Frescal cheese (MFC, and bovine ground beef (BGB. A total of 74 samples were subjected to analyses of total coliforms, fecal coliforms, Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. Moreover, the MFC samples were subjected to analysis of coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS and Listeria monocytogenes. All samples presented total coliforms, 81.6 % of the samples had values above the recommended for fecal coliform, and high incidence of E. coli. 75.0 % of the MFC samples were not in accordance with the legislation for CPS. All samples showed absence of Salmonella sp. and L. monocytogenes. These results showed that food of animal origin commercialized in the region of Minas Gerais is unfit for human consumption due to low microbiological quality. Therefore, there is need for adoption of good manufacturing practices and efficient sanitation to minimize the risk of transmission of foodborne pathogens by these foods.

  11. Arsenic mobilization from sulfidic materials from gold mines in Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Pereira de Andrade

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Acid drainage results from exposition of sulfides to the atmosphere. Arsenopyrite is a sulfide that releases arsenic (As to the environment when oxidized. This work evaluated the As mobility in six sulfidic geomaterials from gold mining areas in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Grained samples (<2 mm were periodically leached with distilled water, during 70 days. Results suggested As sorption onto (hydroxides formed by oxidation of arsenopyrite. Low pH accelerated the acid generation, dissolving Fe oxihydroxides and releasing As. Presence of carbonates decreased oxidation rates and As release. On the other hand, lime added to a partially oxidized sample increased As mobilization.

  12. Concept making and training of text revision experts in the state of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LOURDES DA SILVA DO NASCIMENTO

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the text revisers training process who work specifically in Minas Gerais, based on their conceptions of both text and text revision. Questionnaires were applied to 31 revisers in order to collect data. The data analysis was based on the theoretical framework of Textual Linguistics, which enabled the establishment of a concept of text and revision that better meets the proposal of this research. Outcomes pointed to the need of thinking the text reviser training through a transdisciplinary approach, which would surpass the borders of normative grammar and encompass text revision task in a closer way to the revisers’ routine.

  13. [Phlebotomine sandflies in Parque Nacional Cavernas do Peruaçu, Minas Gerais state, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barata, Ricardo A; Antonini, Yasmine; Gonçalves, Caroline M; Costa, Daniela C; Dias, Edelberto S

    2008-01-01

    We surveyed the phlebotomine fauna in the Parque Nacional Cavernas do Peruaçu, Minas Gerais, Brazil, aiming to associate the presence of vector with the risk of leishmaniasis transmission. Field captures were performed with CDC light traps between February and March 2003. A total of 436 sand flies were captured, belonging to 14 species. The predominant species (28.7%) was Lutzomyia ischnacantha Martins, Souza e Falcão, followed by L. renei (27,06%) and L. cavernicola (13,07%). The finding of L. intermedia, a species that is incriminated as vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis, has to be taken into account.

  14. Estudo de caso do design organizacional da indústria de base florestal de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Lopes da Silva

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This study described and analyzed the structure of the forest industry of the state of Minas Gerais, identifying the organizational design and verifying its coherence with the contextual factors encountered. Starting from the guttered data of forest managers of key industries related to the design parameters and contextual aspects, which were tabulated and adapted to the Likert’s scale. The organizational design can be classified as bureaucratic, although it also presents characteristics of other organizational designs. It is in accordance with the perception of the environment that is favorable to organizations that present this configuration.

  15. Prevalência de transtornos mentais entre estudantes de medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Tulio de Aquino

    2012-01-01

    PREVALÊNCIA DE TRANSTORNOS MENTAIS ENTRE ESTUDANTES DE MEDICINA DA UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MINAS GERAIS Introdução: Estudos identificam várias fontes de estresse nas atividades envolvidas no curso médico como potenciais fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de doenças mentais. O curso de medicina propicia uma série de estressores que são percebidos de forma individual, subjetiva e temporal, dependendo do patrimônio cultural, emocional e sócio-econômico, que determina a resiliência e escolha...

  16. ESTRESSE OCUPACIONAL EM TRABALHADORES DE UMA AUTOESCOLA DE JANAÚBA, MINAS GERAIS

    OpenAIRE

    Ernandes Gonçalves Dias; Maria Luiza Silva Faria

    2017-01-01

    Objetivou-se traçar o perfil sociodemográfico, histórico ocupacional e identificar os principais fatores estressores entre os colaboradores de uma Autoescola em Janaúba, Minas Gerais. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de natureza quantitativa, realizado com 18 funcionários de uma autoescola. Os dados foram coletados no período de maio a junho de 2016, por meio de um questionário estruturado em três dimensões (I: dados socioeconômicos; II: informações ocupacionais; III: informações específicas ...

  17. Inconsistencies in the Formula of Resources Repassing to Public Schools in Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Edgar Bassi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the model of resources repassing to all schools units developing by Minas Gerais State. One of repassing modalities is analysed wich calculation is made by means of a per capita mechanism based on each registered student. The text presents arguments that indicate the inconsistency of allocation model. Such evidence was verified in two perspectives. One of them of conceptual basis, was made use of a parameter cost-student-quality whereas the other arose data of a part of a budget reserved to education. This route led the author to conclude that available resources are already insufficient to the improvement of education quality.

  18. Effect of different materials in the performance of solar reactors deployed in Jaiba, Minas Gerais state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sartori, Marcia Aparecida; Soares, Antonio Alves; Soares, Adilson Rodrigues; Batista, Rafael Oliveira; Leite, Caio Vinicius [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (DEA/UFV), MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Agricola

    2008-07-01

    This study aimed to analyze the effect of different materials (masonry, butyl canvas and fiberglass) in the performance of solar reactors deployed in the city of Jaiba, Minas Gerais State. To do so, mini-stations to treat the domestic sewage were assembled. During the tests, samples of the effluent were collected upstream and downstream of the septic tank and the solar reactor. Fecal coliforms, BOD and COD were quantified in laboratory. The results indicated that the materials tested for construction of the reactor did not influence the solar disinfection of fecal coliforms. (author)

  19. Densidade de plantio e podas na produção da videira Chardonnay no sul de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Mendonça, Tânia dos Reis

    2015-01-01

    A ‘Chardonnay’ é uma cultivar promissora para a produção de vinhos espumantes no sul de Minas Gerais. A qualidade da uva está relacionada ao manejo e as condições edafoclimáticas da região de cultivo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a densidade de plantio e os tipos de poda no desenvolvimento e produtividade da videira Chardonnay, no sul de Minas Gerais. Foram realizados dois experimentos utilizando-se o clone 96 da cultivar Chardonnay, enxertada sobre o porta-enxerto 1103 Paulsen, em s...

  20. RE-EVALUATION OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS MANSONI IN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL. III. "NOROESTE DE MINAS" MESOREGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARVALHO Omar S.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to assess the presence of schistosomiasis mansoni in the "Noroeste de Minas" mesoregion, an area considered non-endemic. A malacologic survey and parasitologic stool examinations were undertaken in 13 municipalities of the mesoregion. A sample of 3,283 primary school students was submitted to fecal examination by the Kato-Katz method. A total of 3,627 planorbids was collected and examined. The molluscs were identified as Biomphalaria straminea in seven municipalities (Unaí, Bonfinópolis de Minas, Paracatu, João Pinheiro, Vazante, Lagamar and Lagoa Grande and as Biomphalaria peregrina in one (Presidente Olegário. All planorbids were negative for Schistosoma mansoni. Four students were diagnosed with schistosomiasis in the municipalities of Buritis, Formoso, Paracatu and Unaí, but none of these cases was considered autochthonous. The data obtained indicate that the "Noroeste de Minas" mesoregion continues to be non-endemic for schistosomiasis mansoni, although the presence of intermediate hosts associated with parasitized individuals emphasizes the need for epidemiological surveillance of schistosomiasis in this mesoregion.

  1. Transfusion Practices Committee of a public blood bank network in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Ricardo Vilas Freire; Brener, Stela; Ferreira, Angela Melgaço; do Valle, Marcele Cunha Ribeiro; Moraes-Souza, Helio

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to verify the performance of blood transfusion committees in transfusion services linked to the public blood bank network of the state of Minas Gerais. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between 2007 and 2008 using questionnaires and proficiency tests to evaluate the reporting and investigation of transfusion reactions comparing transfusion services with and without transfusion committees in the public transfusion services of the state of Minas Gerais. Nineteen of Hemominas own transfusion services and 207 that contracted the services of the foundation located in 178 municipalities were visited between 2007 and 2008. Established transfusion committees were present in 63.4% of the services visited. Transfusion incidents were reported by 53 (36.8%) transfusion services with transfusion committees and by eight (9.6%) without transfusion committees (p < 0.001) with 543 (97.5%) and 14 (2.5%) notifications, respectively. Of the reported transfusion incidents, 40 (75.5%) transfusion services with transfusion committees and only two (25%) of those without transfusion committees investigated the causes. The incidence of notification and investigation of the causes of transfusion reactions was higher in transfusion services where a transfusion committee was present. Despite these results, the performance of these committees was found to be incipient and a better organization and more effective operation are required.

  2. Survey of bryophytes in Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimas Marchi do Carmo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Serra da Canastra National Park is located in southwestern Minas Gerais State and contains several phytophysiognomies of the Brazilian Cerrado. To date, no study on bryophytes has been conducted in this area and the present study is the first to be carried out in this major biological reserve of Cerrado located on the Brazilian Plateau. This study found 289 species of bryophytes, including mosses, liverworts, and one species of hornwort, representing fourty-one Brazilian endemic species and 56 new records for Minas Gerais State. Most species are widely distributed in Brazil, with only 16% having restricted distributions. Regarding worldwide distribution, 31% are Neotropical. Lejeuneaceae had the highest species richness among liverwort families with 53 species, whereas Sphagnaceae had the highest richness among moss families with 26 species. Phaeoceros laevis was the only hornwort species found in the park. This study contributes to the understanding of bryophyte species richness and distribution, and provides the worldwide and Brazilian distribution of the bryophyte flora of Serra da Canastra National Park, an important center for biodiversity conservation.

  3. Enabling large-scale forest restoration in Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Felipe S. M.; Soares-Filho, Britaldo S.; Rajão, Raoni; Merry, Frank

    2017-04-01

    Large-scale forest restoration is a cornerstone of Brazil’s new Forest Code and a key element in its National Determined Contribution (NDC) to emissions reduction. But the path to this target remains unclear due to a lack of information on its economics and implementation challenges. Here, we begin to fill this gap by developing a spatially-explicit model for Minas Gerais state that estimates the costs and benefits of native vegetation regeneration under different restoration approaches. Our results show that 36% (0.7 million ha) of the Forest Code debt in Minas Gerais can be restored using only passive restoration, at a cost of US 175 ± 47 million. Adding low-cost assisted natural regeneration would increase that number to 75% (1.5 million ha) at a cost of US 776 ± 137 million over a 20 yr period. This would result in a potential sequestration of 284 MtCO2e. However, including the intensive planting methods needed to restore the remaining 25% of highly degraded areas—to fully solve the Forest Code debt and result in a potential sequestration of 345 MtCO2e—would more than double the costs to US 1.7 ± 0.3 billion. Our results emphasize the need to implement regional policies that take advantage of the natural regeneration potential as well as prioritize the restoration of areas key to ecosystem services.

  4. Demanda residencial de energia elétrica em Minas Gerais: 1970-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Bornacki de Mattos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo obter uma estimativa para a demanda residencial de energia elétrica em Minas Gerais, no período de 1970 a 2002. Especificamente, pretendeu-se estimar a elasticidade-preço e a elasticidaderenda dessa demanda. Após identificar que as séries estudadas eram não-estacionárias, optou-se pela utilização do conceito de cointegração, sendo estimado um Modelo de Correção de Erros Vetoriais (VEC Model. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que a demanda estudada é mais sensível a variações na renda que no preço da energia elétrica, embora tanto a elasticidade-renda quanto a elasticidade-preço se mostraram inferiores à unidade. Conclui-se também que esta última elasticidade émaior em MinasGerais que no Brasil, sugerindo padrões diferenciados de consumo dessa energia entre os diversos Estados do País.

  5. Flora da Serra de Itabirito, Minas Gerais: primeira contribuição

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitzi Brandão

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi efetuado o levantamento das espécies ocorrentes na Serra de Itabirito, Município de Itabirito, Minas Gerais, em áreas de cerrado e campo-rupestre. Nesta primeira etapa foram coletadas e identificadas 366 espécies, pertencentes a 209 gêneros, agrupadas em 78 famílias. Compositae é a família mais representativa, com cerca de 57 espécies e 22 gêneros, vindo a seguir Leguminosae com 37 espécies e 14 gêneros e Gramineae com 14 espécies e 13 gêneros.This study is a survey of species occuring in the "cerrado" and "campo-rupreste" of Itabirito Hills, County of Itabirito, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. In this first stage we collected and identified 366 species, belonging to 209 genera, grouped into 78 families. Compositae was the most representative family having 57 species and 22 genera, followed by Leguminosae with 37 species and 14 genera, and Gramineae with 14 species and 13 genera.

  6. Sustentabilidade nas empresas públicas de Minas Gerais: um estudo multicasos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Soares da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available No meio empresarial, a sustentabilidade é discutida em torno de três dimensões: econômica, social e ambiental, também conhecidas como tripple bottom line. O presente artigo tem por objetivo analisar as três dimensões da sustentabilidade nos discursos de empresas públicas do estado de Minas Gerais. Trata-se de um estudo de natureza qualitativa, classificado como descritivo, quanto aos fins, e documental, quanto aos meios. As organizações, objeto da pesquisa, foram três empresas públicas que compõem a estrutura governamental do estado de Minas Gerais, caracterizando um estudo multicasos. Os dados foram coletados das comunicações oficias das organizações e analisados com base em técnicas de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que embora muitos dos discursos tenham se referido à sustentabilidade de uma forma coletivista, ainda observa-se grande dificuldade de se equilibrar as dimensões econômica, social e ambiental desse conceito.

  7. Diversity and similarity of native forest fragments located in the northeast region of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christianne Riquetti Corsini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study 26 distributed fragments of native forest in four located hydrographical Basins in the northeast region of Minas Gerais had been showed, with the purpose of analyzing the floristic similarity exists between 26 forest fragments native inserted in four basins in the northeast of the state of Minas Gerais and the diversity and evenness of physiognomies studied and groups of fragments formed. Systematic sampling with units was used shows of 1000 m² each, where the sample area varied of 1 the 6 has, as the area I break up of it. We measured the circumference at 1.30m (CAP and the total height and collected botanical material of all individuals with CAP greater or equal to 15.7 cm. Six groups were formed according to the floristic similarity coefficient Sorensen, with four groups there was an association of more than a physiognomy, showing regions of transition within the area. The Shannon diversity index, ranged from 2.236 in deciduous forest to 4.523 in Semideciduous Forest. The maximum and minimum values of evenness index Pielou were 0.850 and 0.616 , respectively. The floristic group 2 (Semideciduous Forest and Cerrado sensu stricto had the highest average value of diversity (3.585 and evenness (0.750 , and group 1 (Deciduous Forest had the lowest values (H': 2.426 and J': 0.687 .

  8. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis- INAA: environmental studies in Das Velhas Basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rabelo V, M.A.; Andrade Q, M.T. [Researcher of National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, CNPq, Center University of the East of Minas Gerais State, UNILESTE-MG (Brazil); Araujo M, R. [CDTN (Brazil); Albernaz A, I. [SCA- CNRS/USR/059, Lyon (France); Oliveira, A.H. de [Federal University of Minas Gerais State (Brazil)]. e-mail: marvv@cdtn.br

    2006-07-01

    The Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis - INAA was applied to determine concentrations of several elements in unpolluted areas and in the mining and farming region of the Das Velhas Basin, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. INAA was applied using the TRIGA Mark I IPR - R1 reactor at the Nuclear Technology Development Center of the National Committee of Nuclear Energy (CDTN/CNEN), in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State. At 100 kW of potency the flux of neutrons is 6.6 10{sup 11} n.cm{sup -2}.s{sup -1}. The samples analyzed were: water; sediment; gravel of gold mine and forage. The obtained results for the Das Velhas Basin in water and sediment samples - mining companies region - show a high level ({mu}g/g) of contamination with the analyzed elements, mainly in the sediment samples. During the period of floods, in farming region hundreds of kilometers away, contamination is found in fish and forage, reaching and harming both people and animals that live in the marginal region. (Author)

  9. Epidemiological characteristics of Brazilian spotted fever in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, 2000-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Figueiredo Amâncio

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Brazilian spotted fever is the most common rickettsiosis in Brazil, most prevalent in the States of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of Brazilian spotted fever in Minas Gerais from 2000 to 2008. Of the 132 cases of Brazilian spotted fever, 53 patients died, representing a case-fatality rate of 40.2%. Males predominated, with 78.8% of confirmed cases, and median age was 26.5 years. Absence of rash was associated with increased risk of death (p = 0.005. Greater Metropolitan Belo Horizonte, Rio Doce Valley, and Zona da Mata accounted for 70.6% of the cases, which occurred mainly from May to November. There was an increase in the number of cases, which could suggest an expansion of the disease, but probably resulted from an increase in the health system's diagnostic capacity and sensitivity. Despite this improvement, the case-fatality rate remains high and with no apparent tendency to decrease, thus indicating the need for improved prevention and patient care.

  10. Shrinkage of the Toona ciliata wood from three counties in the south of Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra de Oliveira Ribeiro

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to evaluate the shrinkage, in the bottom-up and pith-bark direction, of the australian cedar wood from three Counties in the south of Minas Gerais state, and also to check the variation in chemical composition of wood due the location of planting. The australian cedar wood was obtained with four years of age and in three cities in the south of Minas Gerais state (Campo Belo, Cana Verde and Santo Antonio do Amparo. The chemical constituents of wood, shrinkage values (tangential, radial, longitudinal and volumetric and the anisotropy coefficient. According to the results, there was no significant variation in the levels of holocellulose were determined, lignin, extractives and ashes between the three plantation sites evaluated. For the shrinkage of the wood in the bottom-up direction, there was no significant variation of the radial and longitudinal contractions for the three locations evaluated. However, significant variation was observed for the tangential and volumetric contractions for cities of Campo Belo and Cana Verde, and significant variation of Tangential contraction for the plantation of Santo Antonio do Amparo. In the pith-bark direction, significant variation was observed only on the radial contraction and the coefficient of anisotropy for location of Cana Verde.

  11. FOOD FROM FAMILY FARMS IN THE FEEDING OF MUNICIPAL SCHOOLS IN CAXAMBU, MINAS GERAIS, IN 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Maia Pereira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The acquisition of food from family farms can provide an adequate and safe food to students, and respect the culture, traditions and promote social control, food security and sustainable development for the city of Caxambu, Minas Gerais. Was evaluated and monitored to the supply of agricultural products for the feeding of 2,054 students from public schools in Caxambu, Minas Gerais, for family farmers in the town of Caxambu, during the academic year 2010. We performed a descriptive analysis. Two farmers have provided chayote, cabbage, cassava, cabbage, ripe pumpkin, zucchini, parsley and lettuce twice a week, excellent visual quality and the amount provided for in cronogram. Cost of family farms was 6.92% less than the amount allocated to the municipality by FNDE / PNAE. It was found that the municipality is not serving Law No. 11,947, which has a minimum of 30% for the acquisition of genres from family farms. Although this program has been little explored in 2010, the administration's efforts, in partnership with EMATER were made to motivate the participation of more farmers, by the insertion of new food in school menus.

  12. Self-reported outcomes after hearing aid fitting in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Mirna Rossi; Medeiros, Daniel de Sousa; Rossi-Barbosa, Luiza Augusta Rosa; Caldeira, Antônio Prates

    2015-01-01

    To analyze the self-reported outcomes after hearing aid fitting among individuals in the northern region of Minas Gerais and associated factors. A cross-sectional and analytical study with a random sample of adults and elderly attending the public health care service was conducted in the northern region of Minas Gerais (86 municipalities), Brazil. Study's participants answered International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA) questionnaires. Data were analyzed descriptively and analytically with Poisson regression analysis. We interviewed 272 adults and 112 individuals reported not using their hearing aids regularly. The mean of IOI-HA global score was lower than expected. The individual's relationship with their hearing aid (Factor 1) was worse than the individual's relationship with their environment (Factor 2). Lower global scores were statistically associated with no work. The observed scores for the study's population are lower than those recorded in other studies. The results suggest that there are limitations in the fitting and follow-up of individuals who received hearing aids.

  13. Postgraduate studies in Education in Minas Gerais: remarks on an ongoing history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betânia de Oliveira Laterza Ribeiro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1965, the Brazilian Federal Council of Education institutionalized Postgraduate studies through the 977/65 Legal Bulletin. Minas Gerais was one of the first states to create postgraduate programs, especially in education, which genesis this study focuses with the aim of pointing out ways to write the recent history of Higher Education and highlight the 25th anniversary of postgraduate studies in education at the Federal University of Uberlândia. As a documental research, this study relies upon legal documents and statistical data analysed with a historical and contextual approach. The results show that, once created, postgraduate studies was expanded in connection with Higher Education, received stimulus both from tax and institutional enhancement in Minas Gerais and faced effects of neoliberal policies such as decrease in the number of scholarships and duration of courses. This study allows to conclude that one way to write this history are the teachers’ reports who started the postgraduate practices and turned them into an essential system for the advancement of science.

  14. Tax management on corporate restructuring activities in enterprises of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Vinícius Dias Jordão

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper was to investigate the use of corporate restructuring (CR practices as a tax management (TM strategy in Minas Gerais industrial companies. The research was carried out by means of a four comparative case study of qualitative and explanatory approach in industrial companies of Minas Gerais. Based on finance, accounting and taxes theories, it was concluded that the companies investigated have made CR processes, adopting corporate models different from those defined in its original organizational plans, doing it in a planned way aligned with the business strategy. It was possible to conclude that the tax planning consists of (i a means to reduce tax costs lawfully. It helps to maximize business performance, increasing competitiveness and sustainability thereof, and (ii consists in an important basis for the development of tax governance by adopting mechanisms to ensure compliance and promote the avoidance of taxes. Overall, it was found that (iii the effectiveness of these processes depends on a careful analysis of financial, legal, economic, financial, organizational and managerial aspects, and even if the tax planning through the CR (iv promoting the reduction, postponement and/or the elimination of tax costs, (v collaborating to increase in the TM efficiency and in the profits, (vi increasing thereby the value generation.

  15. Soil erosion vulnerability in the verde river basin, southern minas gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinícius Augusto de Oliveira

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Soil erosion is one of the most significant environmental degradation processes. Mapping and assessment of soil erosion vulnerability is an important tool for planning and management of the natural resources. The objective of the present study was to apply the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE using GIS tools to the Verde River Basin (VRB, southern Minas Gerais, in order to assess soil erosion vulnerability. A annual rainfall erosivity map was derived from the geographical model adjusted for Southeastern Brazil, calculating an annual value for each pixel. The maps of soil erodibility (K, topographic factor (LS, and use and management of soils (C were developed from soils and their uses map and the digital elevation model (DEM developed for the basin. In a GIS environment, the layers of the factors were combined to create the soil erosion vulnerability map according to RUSLE. The results showed that, in general, the soils of the VRB present a very high vulnerability to water erosion, with 58.68% of soil losses classified as "High" and "Extremely High" classes. In the headwater region of VRB, the predominant classes were "Very High" and "Extremely High" where there is predominance of Cambisols associated with extensive pastures. Furthermore, the integration of RUSLE/GIS showed an efficient tool for spatial characterization of soil erosion vulnerability in this important basin of the Minas Gerais state.

  16. User satisfaction with the Family Health Program in Vespasiano, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mues, Katherine E; Resende, Joana C; Santos, Otávio C dos; Perez, Lilian G; Ferreira, José A; Leon, Juan S

    2012-06-01

    To assess factors influencing perspectives on Brazil's national Family Health Program (PSF) by exploring satisfaction with PSF units and home-visit community health agents and perceptions about PSF unit accessibility among frequent users (primary caretakers of children under age 5) in Vespasiano, Minas Gerais. Data were collected though cross-sectional household surveys to determine programmatic and demographic factors affecting user satisfaction with the PSF. Multivariate logistic modeling was used to estimate users' satisfaction with PSF units and agents and perceived access to PSF unit services. Chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were used to estimate statistical differences. The majority of caretakers were satisfied with both their PSF unit and their PSF community health agent and had received at least one monthly home visit from the health agent. Satisfaction with both the health agent and the unit was positively associated with perceived access to the unit and frequency of agent home visits. Caretakers who reported that their PSF agent made one or more home visits per month were more likely to perceive the PSF unit as being "accessible" (or "sometimes accessible"). The current data are important indicators of population health in Minas Gerais, Brazil, and suggest that users' satisfaction with the PSF and perceptions about its accessibility can be improved by ensuring that all households receive at least one health agent home visit per month. These results could be applied to other parts of Brazil or Latin America to improve understanding of user perceptions of health systems.

  17. Flebotomíneos de Timóteo, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil (Diptera: Psychodidae Sand flies in Timóteo, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Diptera: Psychodidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Dilermando Andrade Filho

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available Casos esporádicos de leishmaniose tegumentar têm ocorrido no Município de Timóteo, Minas Gerais, basicamente na população rural. Para conhecer a fauna de flebotomíneos da região, foram instaladas sete armadilhas luminosas de New Jersey na cidade, em sete diferentes bairros. As coletas foram realizadas no período de junho a outubro de 1994, dezembro de 1994 e janeiro a março de 1995, com um total de 3.240 horas por armadilha. Foram capturados 4.396 flebotomíneos, distribuídos em dois gêneros e vinte espécies: Brumptomyia cunhai, Brumptomyia nitzulescui, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia, Lutzomyia quinquefer, Lutzomyia lenti, Lutzomyia (Pintomyia fischeri, Lutzomyia migonei, Lutzomyia sallesi, Lutzomyia termitophila, Lutzomyia aragaoi, Lutzomyia borgmeieri, Lutzomyia (Psathyromyia lutziana, Lutzomyia (Sciopemyia sordellii, Lutzomyia (Pintomyia pessoai, Lutzomyia (Trichopygomyia longispina, Lutzomyia misionensis, Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus davisi, Lutzomyia lanei, Lutzomyia (Pressatia sp. A espécie L. (N. whitmani foi a mais freqüente com 52,12%, seguida de L. (N. intermedia com 34,10%, e ambas podem estar participando da transmissão de leishmaniose cutânea na região.Sporadic cases of tegumentary leishmaniasis have occurred in Timóteo, Minas Gerais State, basically among the rural population. In order to study the region's sand fly population, New Jersey light traps were set in seven different neighborhoods. Specimens were gathered from June through October 1994, December 1994, and January through March 1995, with a total of 3,240 hours per trap. A total of 4,396 sand flies were captured, distributed among two genera and twenty species: Brumptomyia cunhai, Brumptomyia nitzulescui, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia whitmani, Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia intermedia, Lutzomyia quinquefer, Lutzomyia lenti, Lutzomyia (Pintomyia fischeri, Lutzomyia migonei, Lutzomyia sallesi, Lutzomyia termitophila, Lutzomyia aragaoi, Lutzomyia

  18. Esquistossomose: nova ocorrência de Biomphalaria straminea em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Schistosomiasis: new occurrence of Biomphalaria straminea in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Pereira de Souza

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, a Biomphalaria straminea é encontrada na região da Pampulha. Recentemente, o molusco foi encontrado em valas da antiga Barragem de Santa Lúcia, foco extinto de esquistossomose transmitida por B. glabrata. Os moluscos foram coletados e examinados para verificar se estavam naturalmente infectados com Schistosoma mansoni. Os exemplares negativos foram usados para criação ou infecção com a cepa LE de S. mansoni, mantida no laboratório, e outra cepa VGS, obtida de ovos de fezes de escolar de Belo Horizonte. Dentre 1.890 moluscos capturados em 1994 e 1995, nenhum estava infectado com S. mansoni. Dentre 87 exemplares coletados no criadouro e expostos à cepa LE, nove (10,3% eliminaram cercárias; dentre 83 moluscos da F1, dez (12,0% eliminaram cercárias e dentre 88 exemplares coletados e expostos à cepa VGS, dez (11,3% eliminaram cercárias. Em Belo Horizonte, a esquistossomose é transmitida por B. glabrata e B. tenagophila. Entretanto, atualmente existe o risco de aparecimento de novo foco, no qual a B. straminea poderá vir a ser a transmissora, se medidas profiláticas adequadas não forem tomadas pelas autoridades responsáveis pela construção de um parque e lago no local.In Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the snail Biomphalaria straminea was found in the Pampulha region. Recently the snail was found in ditches in the old Santa Lúcia Reservoir, a now-extinct focus of schistosomiasis transmission by B. glabrata. The snails were collected and examined to verify whether they were naturally infected with Schistosoma mansoni. Negative specimens were used for breeding or infection with the LE strain of S. mansoni from the laboratory and another strain obtained from eggs found in the feces of a schoolchild (VGS from Belo Horizonte. Among the 1890 snails collected from 1994 to 1995, none were infected with S. mansoni. Among 87 snails collected and exposed to the LE strain, 9 (10.3% shed cercariae

  19. Genetic diversity of indigenous common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. rhizobia from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adalgisa Ribeiro Torres

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We characterized indigenous common bean rhizobia from five districts of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The isolates were trapped by two common bean varieties, the Mineiro Precoce (Andean origin and Ouro Negro (Mesoamerican origin. Analysis by BOX-PCR of selected isolates detected a high level of genetic diversity.

  20. Phosphorus in agroforestry systems: a contribution to sustainable agriculture in the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cardoso, I.M.

    2002-01-01

    The Zona da Mata is a region situated in the domain of the Atlantic Coastal Rainforest in the southeast of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. This domain stretches along the Brazilian coast from north to south and ranks among the top five of the 25 biodiversity hotspots, the richest and the

  1. Comunidades de insetos galhadores (Insecta em diferentes fisionomias do cerrado em Minas Gerais, Brasil Galling insect (Insecta communities in different "cerrado" physiognomies in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silmary J. Gonçalves-Alvim

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the communities of galling insects and their host plants were performed in three "cerrado" physiognomies that occur in Minas Gerais: "campo sujo", "cerrado" sensu strictu, and "cerradão". Galls and host plants were collected along transects in a total of 3,000 herbs, 300 shrubs and 135 trees in each physiognomy. Ninety two species of galling insects (morphotypes on 62 host plant species of 28 families were found. The highest galling insect richness was observed in the "cerrado". Approximately 75.0% of galling insects belonged to the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera. The highest gall frequency was found on leaves (58.70% of the host plants, and was glabrous (83.70%. Most gall shape were elliptic (30.43%. A low similarity in galling insect species was observed among the three sampled physiognomies - the highest similarity index was observed between "cerrado" and "campo sujo" (SΦrensen index = 0.20, indicating that the presence of rare species of galling insects might be common in these environments.

  2. Porfiria eritropoética congénita em bovino no estado de Minas Gerais Bovine congenital erythropoietic porphyria in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Suzan Varaschin

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Relata-se um caso de porfiria eritropoética congênita em um bovino Holandês Preto e Branco, fêmea, de 9 meses de idade, proveniente da cidade de Machado, MG. O quadro clínico caracterizava-se pela presença de lesões crônicas de fotossensibilizaçâo observadas nas partes não pigmentadas do corpo, que apareceram após a exposição do animal à luz solar, aos 4 meses de idade. Além da fotossensibilizaçâo, as alterações macroscópicas mais evidentes foram coloração marrom-avermelhada dos ossos e marrom-rosada dos dentes, causadas pela deposição de porfirina.A case of bovine congenital erythropoietic porphyria in a 9-month-old Holstein female, from Machado, Minas Gerais, Brazil is described. The calf showed chronic cutaneous photosensitization, limited to white-haired areas, when exposed to sun-light. Reddish-brown discoloration of bones and brownish-pink discoloration of teeth, caused by deposition of porphyrin, were observed.

  3. Dieta de Traupíneos (Passeriformes, Emberizidae no Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brasil Diet of Tanagers (Passeriformes, Emberizidae in Ibitipoca State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco A. Manhães

    Full Text Available Eleven species of tanagers in Ibitipoca State Park, Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil, were studied for 12 months and the birds diet was described. Fruits of 52 plant species were the main item consumed for all tanagers, representing 59.70% of all items in 1330 events, although different proportions in the use of this resource have been found among the bird species. The main plant families found were Myrtaceae with eight species accounting for 22.29% (n=177, and Melastomataceae with seven species accounting for 22.29% (n=177 of fruit intake. The most frequent plant species in the diet was Cecropia glaziovi Snethl. (Cecropiaceae, which made up 17.76% (n=141 of fruit intake of all species of tanagers. Arthropod consumption came second with 22.63% (n=301, but flowers, leaves, nectar, food remains left by tourists and galls were also represented. Several environmental features influenced diet composition. An Asteraceae, Vanillosmopsis erythropappa Schultz, very common in the park, was important for some birds as its flowers attracted arthropods and its branches and leaves were used as a substrate for insectivory. Fruit intake rate, some bird-plant interaction and features of food-handling were also discussed, pointing to the importance of these birds for the structure of the heterogeneous local landscape, possibly through the spread of seeds of different plant species.

  4. Paniculite fibrogranulomatosa focal em bovino de Minas Gerais Focal fibrogranulomatous paniculitis in a cow from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Suzan Varaschin

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Um caso de "lechiguana" bovina, é relatado em bovino proveniente de Fama, MG, que apresentou aumento de volume de aproximadamente 30x8cm, de consistência firme e com superfície ulcerada, localizado no lado esquerdo da região toracolombar. As lesões microscópicas caracterizaram-se por paniculite piogranulomatosa proliferativa, com linfangite e microabscessos eosinofilicos. Em alguns abscessos havia rosetas (Splendore-HoeppIi associadas a bactérias Gram-negativas. Após a biópsia o animal foi tratado com 3g diárias de cloranfenicol, por 5 dias. Houve total recuperação dentro de 30 dias.A case of a disease known as bovine "lechiguana"' in a cow fron Fama, Minas Gerais is described. The cow presented a 30x8 cm hard swelling covered by ulcerated skin and located at the left side of the dorsum. Histologically there was proliferative piogranulomatous paniculitis with lymphamgitis and eosinophilic microabscesses. In some of the abscessos there were rosettes (Splendore-HoeppIi associated with Gram-negative bacteria. After a biopsy was performed the animal was treated with 3g/day cloranphenicol for 5 days with complete recovery within 30 days.

  5. Potassium supplying capacity of soils from Minas Gerais-Brazil Capacidad de aportación de potasio en suelos de Minas Gerais, Brasil Capacidade de suprimento de potássio em solos de Minas Gerais-Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Marcio Mattiello Mattiello

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Potassium is present in distinct forms in the soil. The K forms in the soil are characterized by reversible exchanges between compartments and they have different characteristics in regards to availability for plant uptake. The soil's capacity to supply or restrict K to plants is different for each soil and it determines the sustainability of agricultural production and fertilization management. Thus, the goal of this study was to evaluate the K supplying capacity of soils of different mineralogies from Minas Gerais (Brazil, under successive corn cultivation. A greenhouse experiment was carried out in factorial 7 x 6 (seven soils and six rates of K, in a randomized complete block design, with four replications. The corn plants were cultivated during 45 days for seven successive crop cycles in pots. The potassium availability in the soil was evaluated at the beginning and at the end of each crop cycle using Mehlich-1 and Mehlich-3 extractors. All treatments showed significant decreases in soil K content, which affected corn dry matter accumulation. The reserve of K was highest in Ultisols followed by Inceptisols and Oxisols. Contribution of non-exchangeable potassium to the plant nutrition was observed. The K availability in soil measured by Mehlich-1 represented 40% of K uptake by plants, and 61% of K uptake when Mehlich-3 was used.

    El potasio está presente en diferentes formas en el suelo, con distinta accesibilidad para las plantas pero con reversibilidad entre ellas. La capacidad de los suelos en la aportación de K para las plantas es diferente y determinante en la sustentabilidad de la producción agrícola y en el manejo de la fertilización con este nutriente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la capacidad de aportación de K de suelos del Estado de Minas Gerais (Brasil, con diferente mineralogía, en cultivos sucesivos de maíz. El experimento, con un esquema factorial 7 × 6 (siete suelos y seis dosis de K, fue

  6. Prevalência de helmintos intestinais em três mesorregiões do Estado de Minas Gerais Prevalence of intestinal helminths in three regions of Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar dos Santos Carvalho

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um levantamento das helmintoses intestinais em 18.973 escolares do primeiro grau (7 a 14 anos, da rede pública do Estado de Minas Gerais, utilizando o método de Kato-Katz de exame de fezes (duas lâminas por amostra. Foram estudadas 3 mesorregiões: Triângulo Mineiro/Alto Paranaíba (60 municípios, Noroeste de Minas (13 e Sul/Sudoeste (144. Entre os escolares examinados, 15.545 (82% estavam negativos, 2.863 (15% monoparasitados e 565 (3% poliparasitados. A prevalência de A. lumbricoides foi de 10,3%, de T. trichiura 4,7%, de ancilostomídeos 2,9%, de E. vermicularis 1,2%, de H. nana 0,4% e de Taenia sp 0,2%. As maiores prevalências de helmintos/mesorregião foram de 24,2% para T. trichiura e 18,7% para A. lumbricoides (Sul/Sudoeste e 12,1% para ancilostomídeos e 0,7% para Taenia sp (Noroeste de Minas. As helmintoses intestinais continuam sendo um grave problema de saúde pública, inclusive em áreas onde as condições socioeconômicas são mais favoráveis.A parasitological assay of feces, through the Kato-Katz method, was undertaken in 18,973 schoolchildren (7 to 14 years old, at primary school level, from a public school of the State of Minas Gerais. Three mesoregions were studied: Triângulo Mineiro/ Alto Paraíba ( 60 municipalities; northwest Minas Gerais (13 and south/south-west regions of Minas Gerais (144. Among the examined children, 15,545 (82% were negative; 2,863 (15% were infected with a single species of helminthes and 565 (3% were infected by more than one species. The prevalence rates were: A. lumbricoides 10.3%; T. trichiura 4.7%; hookworm 2.9%; E. vermicularis 1.2%; H. nana 0.4% and Taenia sp 0.2%. The largest helminthes prevalence/mesoregion were for T. trichiura (24.2% and A. lumbricoides (18.7% in the south/south-west region; hookworm (12.1% and Taenia sp (0.7% in the northwest region of Minas Gerais. Intestinal helminthiasis is still regarded as a serious public health problem, including regions where

  7. Racism or racial insults? How the minas gerais court of justice stands beyond the race riots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Franco Lima e Silva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present an analysis of the judgments released by the Court of Appeal of the state of Minas Gerais, regarding claims that have as their central point practices identified as racism, discrimination or prejudice on the basis of race or skin color. By doing so, we aim to answer the following questions: which type of conflict related to race or skin color is judged, and in the second instance, with regards to the Court of Appeal; which acts, words or expressions are present in these cases; which type of arguments are used and which discursive strategies are applied by defendants, victims and judges to manage the conflict. Our results indicate that the legal system tends to decontextualize expressions historically considered as racist, denying that the root of the observed conflicts is racial prejudice.

  8. Planejamento regional compartilhado em Minas Gerais: avanços e desafios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilo Bretas Junior

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi analisar o planejamento regional em saúde de Minas Gerais, a fim de verificar os principais avanços e desafios. Foi realizado um estudo de caso do planejamento regional no período de 2007 a 2012. Analisaram-se os documentos: atas, relatórios e outros produzidos no processo de planejamento regional. Utilizaram-se como referencial teórico as categorias: direcionalidade, compartilhamento e prestação de contas. Verificou-se que a direcionalidade tem sido prejudicada, pois as questões cotidianas se sobrepõem. O grau de compartilhamento das decisões mostrou-se elevado. Por fim, a petição e prestação de contas mostraram-se bastante frágeis.

  9. Use of Indicator Kriging to Investigate Schistosomiasis in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo J. P. S. Guimarães

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Geographic Information Systems (GISs are composed of useful tools to map and to model the spatial distribution of events that have geographic importance as schistosomiasis. This paper is a review of the use the indicator kriging, implemented on the Georeferenced Information Processing System (SPRING to make inferences about the prevalence of schistosomiasis and the presence of the species of Biomphalaria, intermediate hosts of Schistosoma mansoni, in areas without this information, in the Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The results were two maps. The first one was a map of Biomphalaria species, and the second was a new map of estimated prevalence of schistosomiasis. The obtained results showed that the indicator kriging can be used to better allocate resources for study and control of schistosomiasis in areas with transmission or the possibility of disease transmission.

  10. STIMULATING PARTICIPATIVE COMMUNICATION IN THE MINAS GERAIS SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nildes Pitombo Leite

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary communication theory favors participation and collective development of meaning. This paper seeks to analyze the forces that favor and inhibit the participative management of communication in the Minas Gerais Treasury Secretary. This is an organizational case study which involved a total of 464 employees at five different hierarchical levels and supervisory candidates. Participants were asked to describe organizational changes which would facilitate participatory communication. In addition to our survey, we analyzed the secretariat’s website. We applied content analysis to both the employee responses and the website analysis. The main categories of analysis were the management of communication and change. Our results suggest that participative communication involves multiple dimensions—institutional, instrumental, structural, and relational, which vary across hierarchical layers. An understanding of these dynamics has implications for managers who seek to implement participative organizational change.

  11. Larval ecomorphology of 13 Libellulidae (Anisoptera, Odonata of the Middle Rio Doce Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HC. Giacomini

    Full Text Available In the lakes of the Middle Rio Doce, Minas Gerais (MG, two groups of larval Libellulidae are distinguished by preferences of habitat use: one uses mainly aquatic macrophytes and the other uses the bottom substrate. The goal of this work was to verify if there is a morphological distinction between the two groups of species. Thirteen body measures were taken from the larvae and analyzed. No difference was found between the two groups of species regarding the body size, but shape differences were observed for two morphological variables. The species that use mainly macrophytes tend to have larger relative measures of the labium and smaller measures of the abdomen width. Advantages in resource obtainment and in vulnerability to predation are probably the explanations for the morphological divergence among these larval groups.

  12. As quitandadeiras de Minas Gerais: memórias brancas e memórias negras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Alejandro Lifschitz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we analyze narratives of memory about homemade pastries (quitandas and the women who make them (quitandeiras in the state of Minas Gerais, in three historical moments: as practices of African origin, which during the eighteenth and nineteenth century was reproduced in the colonies by black slave women selling food on the streets, carrying their trays; as practices of Portuguese origin, held within farms domestic black slaves under the supervision of white mistresses of Portuguese origin and, finally, as current policy of cultural heritage. We try to identify, based on secondary material and interviews, which social memory we have today on this feminine craft that pervaded different social and ethnic groups, and how local authorities started to intervene in its construction.

  13. [Multiple causes of maternal mortality related to abortion in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, 2000-2011].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Eunice Francisca; Almeida, Pollyanna Ferraz Botelho de; Paixão, Cilene de Oliveira; Bicalho, Paula Gonçalves; Errico, Livia de Souza Pancrácio de

    2017-02-13

    This study aimed to analyze trends in maternal mortality from abortion in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, from 2000 to 2011, addressing multiple causes of death. The analysis focused on women's social and demographic characteristics, year, location, and underlying and associated causes of death. Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and abortion-specific ratio were calculated for each year, as well as Spearman's correlation coefficient (p abortion were recorded, accounting for 15% of maternal deaths, and MMR remained stable. The ratio between multiple causes and underlying cause of death from abortion was 1.38. Use of the multiple-causes method proved effective for lending greater visibility to abortion. Problems deriving from the illegality of abortion in Brazil favor the appearance of causes that mask maternal deaths, in addition to their underreporting. Inter-sector actions are thus necessary to define strategies for reducing social inequalities and improving the quality of services for women.

  14. Rocky Mountain spotted fever in an endemic area in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Only one species of spotted fever-group rickettsiae that is pathogenic for humans has been isolated in Brazil, where few physicians are familiar with this disease. In order to obtain information on tick-borne rickettsiosis, a study was performed in the County of Santa Cruz do Escalvado, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, where a fatal clinical case confirmed by specific immunofluorescence had been reported. Serum samples obtained from 679 humans and 96 dogs were tested by indirect immunofluorescence for detectable antibodies to spotted fever-group rickettsiae, the criterion for a positive result being a titer > or = 1:64. Seropositivity was detected in 7.14 of the humans sera examined and 13.68 of the dogs. We discuss the significance of these findings and formulate some questions, emphasizing the need for further investigation.

  15. Tentativas e mortes por suicídio em Barbacena, Minas Gerais, 2003-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Eduardo Leal Vidal

    2012-01-01

    Coorte retrospectiva com os objetivos de analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos indivíduos que tentaram suicídio entre 2003 e 2009 na microrregião de Barbacena, Minas Gerais, verificar a taxa de mortalidade por suicídio e por outras causas e estimar o risco de morrer nesses indivíduos. Foram utilizados dados dos Boletins de Ocorrência Policial e das Declarações de Óbitos. Foi realizada análise de sobrevida e empregada regressão múltipla de Cox. Entre os 807 indivíduos que tentaram suicídio ocor...

  16. NA BACIA DO RIO SÃO FRANCISCO, EM MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Rezende Gomide

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were: to compare and to apply indices that quantify diversity, equability and similarity in the studied area; to identify possible diversity gradients, and to apply multivariate analysis to create dendrograms of similarity. The studied area was composed of 20 native forest fragments sited in riparian permanent preservation areas along the basin of São Francisco River, in Minas Gerais. The diversity presented a large variation according to all indices: Shannon: 2,176 to 4,389; Simpson: 0,019 to 0,206; Mixture quotient: 0,029 to 0,166, Equability 0,625 to 0,875. The floristic similarity among fragments using the Jaccard and Simpson quotients formed 5 and 4 floristic groups, respectively, with a cut level of 25%.

  17. Organization of primary vocational education in minas gerais: Mendes Pimentel in defense of popular education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Mostaro Neves da Silva

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the arguments of the lawyer, professor and politician Francisco Mendes Pimentel which gave support to the bill presented by him as a deputy in 1896, in favor of organization of primary vocational education in Minas Gerais. This is one of the first public initiatives to organize the vocational education in the state. For Mendes Pimentel, popular education through work represented solution to the major problems of the country and was seen by him as a reformer element of society. Education would reform to adapt the population to the new political regime and to promote social and economic progress of the state and country. The main sources are the bill and the articles by Mendes Pimentel which were published in press during the last decade of the Nineteenth century.

  18. Detection of Lawsonia intracellularis fecal shedding in dogs in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Lawsonia intracellularisis an obligate intracellular bacterium that is responsible for proliferative enteropathy, an enteric disease endemic in swine and common in foals. However, few studies have investigated this disease in dogs, and there are no reports of dogs infected with L. intracellularisin Latin America. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fecal shedding of L. intracellularisin diarrheic and non-diarrheic dogs in Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 58 dogs, 18 apparently healthy and 40 diarrheic, were examined in this study. DNA extracted from feces was analyzed using a nested PCR reaction to detect L. intracellularis.Three out of 40 (7.5% diarrheic samples, all from 3-month-old puppies, were positive for L. intracellularis. These results highlight the need for additional studies to examine the role of this pathogen as a possible cause of enteric disease in dogs

  19. Mammalia, Estacao Ecologica do Panga, a Cerrado protected area in Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna, E. M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a species list of the mammals of the Estação Ecológica do Panga, a 404 ha Cerrado reserve in MinasGerais state, Brazil. Using methods ranging from camera traps to direct observations, we documented 46 species in thereserve. Among medium and large-sized mammals, the order Carnivora was the most commonly observed (N=12 species.The highest relative frequencies of observation were of Mazama guazoubira and Cerdocyon thous. Pecari tajacu was themost frequent species in camera traps. Over the course of 7320 trap nights there were 105 captures of small mammals fromseven species, with an overall capture rate of 1.6 %. The highest capture rates were for the marsupial Gracilinanus agilis,with Calomys tener the most commonly caught rodent. Our survey suggests that many of the Cerrado’s mammal species canpersist in landscapes that are a mosaic of natural areas and some types of agriculture.

  20. DEPENDENCE OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF MINAS GERAIS IN RELATION TO FPM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington de Oliveira Massardi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This research sought to demonstrate the level of dependence of Minas Gerais municipalities on the Municipalities Participation Fund (FPM. To achieve this goal we demonstrated the representativeness of FPM in the financing structure of municipalities, measured by dividing the revenue from FPM and the municipal current revenue. It was found that the level of dependence of the vast majority of municipalities is higher than 50%, ie, the FPM resources represent the main source of municipal funding, especially for those with less than 20,000 inhabitants. Regarding geographical location, it was found that the regions of Zona da Mata and Vale do Rio Doce have the highest concentration of municipalities that have high dependence on FPM. The average population in these municipalities is 3,202 inhabitants, which leads to the conclusion that the dependence of FPM is directly related to the size of the municipality.

  1. Building-up influence: post-war industrialization in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A. Haddad

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the post-War industrialization process in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais, focusing on one of its desirable outcomes, namely the capacity to generate growth through the impact of strong input-output linkages. This process is placed into historical perspective considering the ideas that permeate the economic development debate throughout the period of analysis. Changes in the regional economic structure are assessed through the use of three input-output tables for the years of 1953, 1980 and 1995. By adopting the fields of influence methodology as the analytical core, it is shown that the efforts towards the creation of a more integrated regional economy have generated stronger influence of the targeted sectors (metal products, transportation equipment, chemical, and services. However, structural changes also contributed to strengthen leakage in the system originated in traditional economic activities.

  2. Ecological niche of family farmers in southern Minas Gerais state (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Cavallini

    Full Text Available The concept of ecological niche, considered by the food dimension point of view, was used to characterize a small farmers community from the south of Minas Gerais State (Brazil. Ten small farmer families and 76 different meals eaten by them were evaluated in this study, during three different periods: September 1995 (end of the dry season, December 1995 (rainy season and April 1996 (end of the rainy season. The analysed community appeared to depend markedly on certain food items showing little seasonal variation in their diet and appeared also to be self-sufficient in food supply, with satisfactory nutritional status. The food niche breadth for the studied small farmer families was always below 50%, with high seasonal overlap of the food niche, around 72% to 80%. The results are discussed based on social-cultural, economical and agrarian context.

  3. Preliminary assessment of arsenic concentration in a spring water area, iron quadrangle, Minas Gerais Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menezes, Maria Angela de B.C.; Magalhaes, Camila Lucia M.R., E-mail: menezes@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Servico de Reator e Tecnicas Analiticas. Laboratorio de Ativacao Neutronica; Uemura, George, E-mail: george@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Servico de Meio Ambiente; Jacimovic, Radojko, E-mail: radojko.jacimovic@ijs.si [Jozef Stefan Institute, Department of Environmental Sciences, Group for Radiochemistry and Radioecology, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Deschamps, Maria Eleonora, E-mail: leonora.deschamps@meioambiente.mg.gov.br [FEAM, Fundacao Estadual do Meio Ambiente. Universidade FUMEC, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Isaias, Rosy Mary; Salino, Alexandre, E-mail: rosy@icb.ufmg.br, E-mail: salino@icb.ufmg.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Departamento de Botanica, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Magalhaes, Fernando, E-mail: camila@bonsaimorrovelho.com.br [Instituto Superior de Ciencias da Saude, Curso Superior de Ciencias Biologicas, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The attention to environmental exposure to arsenic is increasing in the worldwide. In this scenario, a project is being developed in Santana do Morro, Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, region well known due to natural and anthropogenic occurrence of arsenic. This proposal has several objectives; one of them is to start a procedure of phyto remediation in laboratory aiming at future riparian forests restoration. The main concern is the preservation of water resource and consequently the health of the inhabitants. The study place is close to a water spring. One sampling was carried out, collecting plants, soil and sediment. The Neutron Activation Analysis, k{sub 0}-method, was applied to determine the elemental concentration, using the TRIGA Mark I IPR-R1 reactor, located at CDTN/CNEN. In this paper, the results are discussed. (author)

  4. CHARCOAL PRICE ANALYSIS IN FOUR REGIONS OF MINAS GERAIS STATE-BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Pereira de Rezende

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The State of Minas Gerais is the largest producer and consumer of charcoal, that is used as term-reducer of iron ore,for producing pig iron. This study analyzed the time series of charcoal prices in four regions of Minas Gerais State. For the analysisof the price series, the SARIMA model was used, for finding a model that better forecasts prices for the four studied areas. The mostappropriate models were chosen using graphical analyses of the standardized residues, autocorrelation functions and partialautocorrelations, stochastic tests and criteria of evaluation of the order of the model. It concluded that: the differences of charcoalprices occur, basically, due to the geographical location; the analyses of domain of the time and domain of the frequency showed thatthere is difference in the price series of the four studied areas; the areas of Sete Lagoas and Belo Horizonte, giving that they are closelylocated, possess similar prices and they generated similar model; the studied areas presented differentiated models and supplied goodadjustments for the observed series. The best models were SARIMA (2,1,1x(1,0,012, for Belo Horizonte; SARIMA (2,0,0x(2,1,212,for Divinópolis; SARIMA (2,1,1x(1,0,012, for Sete Lagoas and SARIMA (1,1,1x(1,1,112, for Vertentes. Such models presented in aparsimonious way, containing a small number of parameters. All models SARIMA (p,d,q (P,D,Qs, for the four studied areas,presented white noise and supplied adequate price forecast.

  5. Demographic pressure over the Environmental Protected Area of the Lagoa Santa Karst, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Travassos, L. E. P.

    2009-04-01

    The State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is approximately 586.528 km2. From this total, it is believed that about 29,000 km2(Piló 1997; 1999) are composed by carbonatic rocks. With a total of 853 municipalities and some evident environmental problems, the biggest problem is the proper final waste disposal as noticed by Travassos et al (2008). This work is intended to demonstrate the potential degradation of karst scenarios due to the increasing urbanization in the so called "North Vector". There are two State Parks and six other Conservation Units in this region. Historically the cities near this region have been used as dormitory towns. Further north, various ranches, country houses for the weekend and rural hostels are set on karst terrains. The municipalities of Vespasiano, Pedro Leopoldo, Confins, Lagoa Santa, Matozinhos, Funilândia and Prudente de Morais are within the 360 km2-large Environmental Protected Area of the Lagoa Santa Karst. All these municipalities have been facing demographic growth and consequently generate the anthropogenic pressure over the karst. Up to the date on which this abstract was written, the Decree n˚ 6640/2008, signed by the Brazilian government, is in effect. It substituted the previous one, Decree n˚ 99556/1990, which protected the Brazilian speleological heritage. According to the new Decree, now there are no warranties that caves will be protected against infra-structure constructions and mining companies. Besides, it also establishes relevance criteria that point out which caves which can be destroyed without any compensation at all. Certainly the speleological community is already mobilized against this new Decree. Keywords: karst, endokarst, exokarst, Cordisburgo region, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

  6. Raiva humana transmitida por cães: áreas de risco em Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1991-1999 Human rabies transmitted by dogs: risk areas in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1991-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana Ferreira Jardim de Miranda

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de identificar e caracterizar as diferentes áreas de risco para a raiva humana transmitida por cães em Minas Gerais, realizou-se um estudo observacional retrospectivo quali-quantitativo, no período de 1991 a 1999. Utilizou-se a divisão do estado em 25 Diretorias Regionais de Saúde (DRS, vinculadas à Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Minas Gerais (SES-MG. Os indicadores estudados foram a estimativa de população canina, a ocorrência de raiva canina e felina confirmada por exames laboratoriais, raiva humana notificada, coberturas vacinais e a infra-estrutura do serviço na DRS. Foram analisados os resultados de 2.845 fichas de diagnóstico laboratorial para raiva canina, felina e humana, provenientes dos laboratórios de referência para a raiva, relatórios de consolidados de vacinação anti-rábica animal da SES-MG dos anos de 1997 a 1999 e fichas de notificação dos casos de raiva humana da Fundação Nacional de Saúde (FUNASA. Realizou-se entrevista semi-estruturada com cada responsável regional pelo programa de controle da raiva. Os resultados permitem classificar Minas Gerais em quatro diferentes modalidades de risco: nulo, baixo, médio e alto.A retrospective study based on observation with the objective of identifying and characterizing the different risk areas for rabies transmission by dogs took place in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, from 1991 to 1999. Indicators confirmed occurrences of canine and feline rabies, notification of human rabies, and administration of appropriate vaccination. The Minas Gerais State Health System is divided into 25 Regional Health Centers, which are linked to the State Health Department (SES-MG. These Health Centers were utilized in the study. The results of 2,845 records of laboratory diagnosis for canine, feline, and human rabies were analyzed. Consolidated SES-MG reports from 1997 to 1999 for rabies vaccination and notification records for cases of human rabies from the National

  7. The poços de caldas project

    CERN Document Server

    Chapman, NA; Shea, ME; Smellie, JAT

    1993-01-01

    The safe disposal of radioactive wastes by burial in deep geological formations requires long-term predictions of the future behaviour of the wastes and their engineered repository. Such predictions can be tested by evaluating processes analogous to those which will occur in a repository, which have been long active in the natural geochemical environment. The Poços de Caldas Project is a comprehensive study of two ore deposits in Minas Gerais, Brazil, aimed at looking at uranium and thorium series radionuclide and rare-earth element mobility, the development and movement of redox fronts, and

  8. Le Minas Gerais: un miroir du Brésil. Propositions d’un nouvel atlas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Bruno

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available La réalisation d’un atlas électronique de l’État du Minas Gerais a été décidée en raison de la variété des paysages physiques, économiques, sociaux et politiques, miroir de la réalité brésilienne. Il s’agit d’un atlas évolutif, qui sera actualisé et mis à la disposition du public sur Internet. La méthodologie utilisée rassemble les plus modernes instruments de cartographie informatique et les méthodes développées par la géographie française dans le but d’identifier les structures et l’organisation du Minas. Cet atlas offre un outil précieux aux pouvoirs publics et à l’initiative privée, ainsi qu’aux chercheurs.

  9. Prevalence and multiplicity of HPV in HIV women in Minas Gerais, Brazil Prevalência e multiplicidade do HPV em mulheres infectadas pelo HIV em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Miranda Corrêa

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To detect the frequency and subtypes of HPV in the uterine cervix of HIV-infected women. METHODS: Sample consisted of 288 HIV-infected women, recruited from the public health system of five cities of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Women were seen from August 2003 to August 2008. Cervical samples were collected for cytological analysis and for HPV DNA detection, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR. HPV DNA was classified according to its oncogenic potential in low risk (types 6, 11 and high risk (types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35. Colposcopy was performed, followed by cervical biopsy when necessary. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-squared test, with a significance level established at the 5% level. RESULTS: HPV prevalence was 78.8%. Most frequent genotypes were HPV-6 (63.9% and HPV-16 (48.5%. High-risk HPV were observed in 70.5% of the women; low-risk in 71.4%; both high and low-risk HPV were detected in 55.1% of the patients. Multiple HPV genotypes were detected in 64.8% of the patients; two genotypes in 23.8%, and three in 18.9%. CONCLUSION: HPV prevalence was high among HIV-infected women. Multiple HPV genotypes were common in samples from the uterine cervix of HIV-infected womenOBJETIVO: Detectar a frequência e os subtipos do HPV na cérvice uterina de mulheres infectadas pelo HIV. MÉTODOS: A amostra era composta por 288 mulheres infectadas pelo HIV, recrutadas do sistema público de saúde de cinco cidades de Minas Gerais, Brasil. As mulheres foram avaliadas de agosto de 2003 a agosto de 2008. Amostras cervicais foram coletadas para análise citológica e para detecção do HPV DNA, usando a reação em cadeia de polimerase (PCR. O HPV DNA foi classificado de acordo com seu potencial oncogênico em baixo risco (tipos 6,11 e alto risco (tipos 16, 18, 31, 33, 35. Foi realizada colposcopia, seguida de biópsia cervical, quando indicada. Variáveis categóricas foram comparadas usando o teste do quiquadrado, com nível de signific

  10. Trinta e dois anos do programa de melhoramento do feijoeiro comum em Minas Gerais Thirty two years of common bean breeding in Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Wilacildo de Matos

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Conduziu-se este trabalho, com o objetivo de proceder à análise crítica do Programa de melhoramento genético do feijoeiro comum em Minas Gerais nos últimos 32 anos com ênfase nas implicações da interação linhagens x ambientes, além de avaliar se houve progresso genético. Para isso, foram utilizados dados de 169 experimentos conduzidos no período de 1974 a 2004 e que envolveram 16 locais e três safras. A média da cultivar Carioca, comum em todos os experimentos, foi utilizada como estimador do efeito ambiental e a média das cinco melhores linhagens sob avaliação de cada biênio, como efeito fenotípico. A diferença entre essas duas médias forneceu o desvio genético. O coeficiente de regressão linear entre desvio genético Y (variável dependente e o biênio X (variável independente forneceu a estimativa do progresso genético. As interações linhagens x safras e linhagens x anos foram, na maioria dos casos, significativas, contudo, suas contribuições para a variação total foram inferiores a de linhagens x locais. Desse modo, fica clara a necessidade de que os experimentos sejam conduzidos em um maior número de locais. O programa de melhoramento genético do feijoeiro da UFLA tem sido eficiente e tem obtido linhagens com menor risco de adoção.The objective of the present work was to make critical analysis of the dry bean genetic breeding program in Minas Gerais in the last 32 years by lines x environments interactions and genetic progress evaluations. Data from 169 experiments conducted from 1974 to 2004 in 16 locations and three seasons per year were used. The average of the cultivar Carioca, test in all experiments, was used as indicator of environmental variation; and the average of the five best lines, under evaluation in each biennium, was used as indicator of phenotypic variation. The difference between these two averages was used as genetic deviation. Genetic progress was estimated by linear regression

  11. Aids em área rural de Minas Gerais: abordagem cultural AIDS in rural Minas Gerais state (Southeastern Brazil: a cultural approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Neves Guimarães

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever comportamentos facilitadores à exposição ao HIV/Aids em população rural. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa qualitativa realizada com 52 pacientes atendidos em ambulatório de DST/Aids, em 2002-2003. Foram feitas entrevistas abertas e semi-estruturadas em profundidade com os participantes (30 homens e 22 mulheres, conduzidas no ambulatório ou em suas residências, em municípios rurais da região norte de Minas Gerais. As entrevistas foram transcritas, analisadas em categorias: concepções da doença, trabalho, sociabilidade, informações prévias sobre a doença, modo de vida. A interpretação dos resultados baseou-se na análise de conteúdo. RESULTADOS: Na percepção dos entrevistados, a Aids era "doença de cidade grande" e de "forasteiro", desvinculada da cultura local. Todos os entrevistados se infectaram através de atividades heterossexuais ou homossexuais. A migração rural-urbana é aspecto relevante da infecção do HIV na região devido ao deslocamento em busca de trabalho. CONCLUSÕES: As noções populares de doença contribuem para vulnerabilidade à infecção pelo HIV. É necessário apreender noções culturais locais para melhor entender as categorias de pensamento dessa população, enfocando essas noções ao divulgar informações sobre a doença.OBJECTIVE: To describe behaviors facilitating HIV/AIDS exposure in rural population. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted comprising 52 patients who attended a STD/AIDS outpatient clinic in 2002 and 2003. In-depth open and semi-structured interviews were carried out with subjects (30 males, 22 females at the clinic or at home in rural municipalities in the northern area of Minas Gerais state, Southeastern Brazil. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed considering categories such as disease, work, social life, prior HIV/AIDS knowledge, and lifestyle. Content analysis was used for result interpretation. RESULTS: Interviewees perceived AIDS as a "big city

  12. Acarofauna da cafeicultura de cerrado em Patrocínio, Minas Gerais Acarofauna of cerrado's coffee crops in Patrocínio, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Spongoski

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available A cultura do cafeeiro (Coffea arabica L. na região de cerrado do Estado de Minas Gerais, mais especificamente no Alto Paranaíba, está se desenvolvendo com muito sucesso. As doenças e pragas vêm causando redução na produtividade e na qualidade do café produzido. Os ácaros fitófagos fazem parte deste problema, pois causam danos econômicos. Sendo assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo o levantamento da acarofauna em cafeeiros daquela região. Foram feitas quatro amostragens de folhas, ramos e frutos, sendo duas no período das águas e duas no período de seca em 2002 e 2003. Foram identificadas três famílias de ácaros fitófagos, quatro de ácaros predadores e quatro de ácaros generalistas. As espécies de ácaros encontradas foram: Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939 (Tenuipalpidae; Oligonychus sp. (Tetranychidae; Tarsonemus confusus Ewing, 1939, Fungitarsonemus sp., Daidalotarsonemus sp., Phytonemus sp. (Tarsonemidae; Lorrya formosa Cooreman, 1958, Lorrya sp. (Tydeidae; Parapronematus acaciae Baker, 1965 (Iolinidae; Euseius concordis (Chant, 1959, Euseius citrifolius Denmark e Muma, 1970, Amblyseius herbicolus (Chant, 1959 (Phytoseiidae; Asca sp. (Ascidae; Bdella sp. (Bdellidae; Zetzellia sp. (Stigmaeidae, e espécimes da família Acaridae e da subordem Oribatida não identificadas. Trata-se do primeiro relato da ocorrência da espécie T. confusus em cafeeiro. Da família Tarsonemidae foram encontradas três novas espécies, e da família Iolinidae um novo gênero, para posterior descrição.The coffee (Coffea arabica L. growing in Cerrado areas of Patrocínio, State of Minas Gerais, more specifically in the region of Alto Paranaíba, have been expanding with success. Coffee diseases and pests result in reduction of the productivity and quality. Phytophagous mites are among the pests that cause economic damage. Therefore, this work had as objective the study of the mite fauna on coffee plants in those areas. Four surveys were

  13. Eficiência energética de sistemas de produção de mamona no Estado de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Gerson Henrique da; Esperancini,Maura Seiko Tsutsui; Bueno, Osmar de Carvalho [UNESP

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine the economical and energetic efficiency of the castor bean culture in "Zona da Mata" and South of Minas Gerais. Through the method of simulation "Monte Carlo", we verified the probabilities of occurrence of the economical, cultural and energetic efficiency indexes. In relation to the production systems of castor bean in Minas Gerais in the season 2005/2006, we established that the variables price and productivity were the most noticeable for the pro...

  14. A cobra-cipó Imantodes cenchoa (Linnaeus, 1758 em Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil doi: 10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n4p173

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Caldeira Costa

    2010-01-01

    é registrada da Amazônia ao norte, à Santa Catarina ao sul. No Estado de Minas Gerais, sudeste do Brasil, há apenas dois registros de I. cenchoa na literatura. No presente estudo, foi realizado um levantamento de I. cenchoa provenientes de Minas Gerais, nas principais coleções herpetológicas brasileiras, revelando um total de 13 localidades com registros desta espécie.

  15. Análise espaço-temporal da evapotranspiração de referência para Minas Gerais Spatial-time analysis of evapotranspiration reference in the Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis César de Aquino Lemos Filho

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com esta pesquisa, analisar a demanda hídrica em Minas Gerais, representada pela evapotranspiração de referência (ET0, durante o ano. Os valores de ET0 foram estimados pelo método de Penman-Monteith-FAO a partir de dados diários originados de registros de 42 estações climatológicas do Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET referentes a um período de 17 anos (1961 a 1978. No geral, os resultados mostraram que a ET0 é bastante variável em Minas Gerais, chegando a apresentar valores médios de 914 até valores de 1.677 mm ano-1. As maiores variações, tanto espaciais como temporais, são registradas no norte do Estado, onde também ocorrem os maiores valores de ET0. O Estado de Minas Gerais apresenta um déficit hídrico anual em aproximadamente 50% de sua área total. Os meses que apresentaram as maiores e menores demandas hídricas no Estado foram janeiro e junho, respectivamente. Em função da nítida distinção que apresentaram os dados de ET0 geoespacializados nas regiões do Estado de Minas Gerais, o conhecimento do correto valor da ET0 em cada localidade trará benefícios aos produtores no manejo da irrigação.The knowledge of information that expresses the water requirement of the plants is a fundamental issue for the irrigation process. The objective of this research was to analyze the water requirement in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, represented by the evapotranspiration reference (ET0, during the year. The ET0 values were estimated through the Penman-Monteith-FAO method starting from daily data originated by the registration of 42 climatological stations of the Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET referring to a period of 17 years (1961 to 1978. In general, the results showed that the evapotranspiration reference is plenty variable in Minas Gerais, reaching medium values from 914 to 1.677 mm year-1. The largest variations, such as spatial and temporal, are registered in the north part of the State

  16. Custo-benefício do serviço de telecardiologia no Estado de Minas Gerais: projeto Minas Telecardio Cost-benefit of the telecardiology service in the state of Minas Gerais: Minas Telecardio Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Viegas Andrade

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A telecardiologia é instrumento que pode auxiliar na atenção cardiovascular, principalmente em municípios localizados em áreas remotas. Entretanto, as avaliações econômicas sobre o assunto são escassas e com resultados controversos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o custo-benefício da implantação do serviço de telecardiologia em municípios remotos, de pequeno porte, no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. MÉTODOS: O estudo utilizou a base de dados do Projeto Minas Telecardio (MTC, desenvolvido de junho/2006 a novembro/2008, em 82 municípios do interior do estado. Cada município recebeu um microcomputador com eletrocardiógrafo digital, com possibilidade de envio dos traçados e comunicação com plantão de cardiologia em pólo universitário. A análise custo-benefício foi realizada comparando o custo de realização de um ECG no projeto MTC ao custo de realizar este exame por encaminhamento em outra localidade. RESULTADOS: O custo médio de um ECG no projeto MTC foi de R$ 28,92, decomposto em R$ 8,08 referente ao custo de implantação e R$ 20,84 ao de manutenção do programa. A simulação do custo do ECG com encaminhamento variou de R$ 30,91 a R$ 54,58, sendo a relação custo-benefício sempre favorável ao programa MTC, independente da forma de cálculo da distância de encaminhamento. Nas simulações, foram consideradas as abordagens do financiador e da sociedade. A análise de sensibilidade com variação dos parâmetros de calibração confirmou esses resultados. CONCLUSÃO: A implantação de sistema de telecardiologia como apoio a atenção primária em cidades brasileiras de pequeno porte é factível e economicamente benéfica, podendo ser transformada em programa regular do sistema público de saúde.BACKGROUND: Telecardiology is a tool that can aid in cardiovascular care, mainly in towns located in remote areas. However, economic assessments on this subject are scarce and have yielded controversial results. OBJECTIVE

  17. Custo-benefício do serviço de telecardiologia no Estado de Minas Gerais: projeto Minas Telecardio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Viegas Andrade

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A telecardiologia é instrumento que pode auxiliar na atenção cardiovascular, principalmente em municípios localizados em áreas remotas. Entretanto, as avaliações econômicas sobre o assunto são escassas e com resultados controversos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o custo-benefício da implantação do serviço de telecardiologia em municípios remotos, de pequeno porte, no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. MÉTODOS: O estudo utilizou a base de dados do Projeto Minas Telecardio (MTC, desenvolvido de junho/2006 a novembro/2008, em 82 municípios do interior do estado. Cada município recebeu um microcomputador com eletrocardiógrafo digital, com possibilidade de envio dos traçados e comunicação com plantão de cardiologia em pólo universitário. A análise custo-benefício foi realizada comparando o custo de realização de um ECG no projeto MTC ao custo de realizar este exame por encaminhamento em outra localidade. RESULTADOS: O custo médio de um ECG no projeto MTC foi de R$ 28,92, decomposto em R$ 8,08 referente ao custo de implantação e R$ 20,84 ao de manutenção do programa. A simulação do custo do ECG com encaminhamento variou de R$ 30,91 a R$ 54,58, sendo a relação custo-benefício sempre favorável ao programa MTC, independente da forma de cálculo da distância de encaminhamento. Nas simulações, foram consideradas as abordagens do financiador e da sociedade. A análise de sensibilidade com variação dos parâmetros de calibração confirmou esses resultados. CONCLUSÃO: A implantação de sistema de telecardiologia como apoio a atenção primária em cidades brasileiras de pequeno porte é factível e economicamente benéfica, podendo ser transformada em programa regular do sistema público de saúde.

  18. Diversidade genética de populações de Hemileia vastatrix no estado de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Cristiano Caixeta

    2006-01-01

    Utilizaram-se os marcadores microssatélite e RAPD para a caracterização de 120 isolados de Hemileia vastatrix obtidos em 2005, de cafeeiros de seis municípios, sob dois sistemas de cultivos (convencional e orgânico), de duas das principais regiões cafeicultoras de Minas Gerais (Zona da Mata e Sul de Minas). Após avaliar a integridade das amostras de DNA dos isolados, com o par de primers ITS 1 e ITS 4, empregaram-se três pares de primers microssatélites e três primers RAPD para estudar a dive...

  19. Colletrotrichum gloeosporioides causando antracnose em frutos de pupunheira nos estados de Minas Gerais e Paraná Colletrotrichum gloeosporioides causing anthracnosis on peach palm fruits in Minas Gerais and Paraná States, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Batista Vida

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available O cultivo de pupunha (Bactris gasipaes para palmito tem-se expandido para algumas regiões do Sudeste e Sul do Brasil, ocupando áreas abandonadas pela agricultura no espaço territorial de domínio da Mata Atlântica. Em plantas adultas de pupunheira, cultivadas para a produção de sementes nos estados de Minas Gerais e Paraná, verificou-se ocorrência de antracnose nos frutos, causando severa podridão. O fungo Colletotrichum gloeosporioides foi isolado de tecidos doentes e a sua patogenicidade aos frutos da pupunheira foi confirmada em condições controladas. Essa foi a primeira constatação da doença em frutos nos estados de Minas Gerais e Paraná.The cultivation of peach palm (Bactris gasipaes for production of palm heart has increased in Southeast and Southern Brazil, in areas of domain of Atlantic Forest. Adult peach palm plants kept for seed production have suffered severe rot damages on fruits, resulting from coalescence of spots. The fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides was isolated from the damaged tissues and its pathogenicity to peach palm fruits was confirmed under controlled conditions. This is the first report of this disease damaging peach palm fruits in the Minas Gerais and Parana States.

  20. Espécies consideradas plantas daninhas em áreas cultivadas no estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.B. Ferreira

    1978-09-01

    Full Text Available No Estado de Minas Gerais já foram feitas várias listagens de espécies de plantas daninhas que ocorrem em áreas restritas e diversificadas, sendo que até o presente momento não foi realizado um levantamento das mesmas que ocorram em áreas cultivadas. Foram identificadas cerca de 295 espécies, pertencentes a 29 famílias, representando 158 gêneros; sendo as famílias mais representantes: Composi tae, Gramineae e Leguminosae com 61,43 e 32 espécies, respectivamente.A survey in the main cultivation areas of the State of Minas Gerais resulted in the determination of 295 weed species, from 158 genera and belonging to 29 families; the families presenting a greater number of species are: Compositae, Gramineae and Leguminosae with 61,43 e 32 species, respectively.

  1. Endoparasites of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weslen Fabricio Pires Teixeira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of studying the endoparasite fauna of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, 25 animals that were naturally infected with helminths were evaluated. By means of parasitological necropsies, different endoparasites were found. The subfamily Cyathostominae presented the highest incidence, followed by Trichostrongylus axei, Oxyuris equi, Triodontophorus serratus, Strongyloides westeri, Strongylus edentatus, Habronema muscae, Parascaris equorum, Probstmayria vivipara, Strongylus vulgaris, Gasterophilus nasalis, Anoplocephala magna and Anoplocephala perfoliata. In the present study, if the species Probstmayria vivipara was not considered in the prevalence, the frequency of Cyathostominae was equivalent to 94.85%. The results obtained in this study allowed us to detect and identify different species of helminths in horses, and confirmed the high incidence of nematodes belonging to the subfamily Cyathostominae in the center-west region of Minas Gerais.

  2. ERRÂNCIAS SERTANEJAS: AS MIGRAÇÕES CAMPO-CIDADE EM MONTES CLAROS NO NORTE DE MINAS GERAIS.

    OpenAIRE

    Narciso, Andrea Maria; Brandao, Carlos Rodriques B.

    2008-01-01

    Este trabalho apresenta reflexões sobre a dinâmica interna rural no Brasil com ênfase para o Norte de Minas Gerais. A reflexão sobre a migração rural na cidade do sertão de Minas Gerais corrobora a hipótese das migrações estarem ocorrendo cada vez mais dentro das próprias regiões, em função do crescimento incentivado pelo Estado em algumas cidades e também a desilusão com as metrópoles, conseqüência do processo de organização do trabalho que produz uma combinação perversa cuja principal causa...

  3. Tachinobia sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae, a dipterous parasitoid collected in Itumbiara, Goiás and Tupaciguara, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos H. Marchiori

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This work reports the occurrence of the Tachinobia sp. (Hymnoptera: Eulophidae parasitizing pupae of flies (Diptera in Itumbiara, Goias and Tupaciguara, Minas Gerais. The pupae were obtained by the flotation method. They were individually placed in gelatin capsules until the emergence of flies or their parasitoids. From February 2003 through September 2004, 50 parasitoids were collected in baits of humans feces in Itumbiara, Goiás, and four were collected in baits of cattle liver at Tupaciguara, Minas Gerais. The percentages of parasitism in Ophyra aenescens (Wiedemann (Diptera: Muscidae and Oxysarcodexia thornax (Walker (Diptera: Sarcophagidae found in human feces were 2.2% and 0.8%, respectively, and in Megaselia scalaris (Loew (Diptera: Phoridae from cattle liver it was 0.1%. The total percentage of parasitism was 0.3%.

  4. Stigma related to bipolar disorder in the perception of psychiatrists from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Clemente, Adauto Silva; Santos, Wagner Jorge dos; Nicolato, Rodrigo; Firmo, Josélia Oliveira Araújo

    2017-01-01

    Abstract: This research sought to understand meanings and implications of the stigma related to bipolar disorder in relation to social processes and local cultural value systems. Seven semidirected individual interviews were performed with psychiatrists (from Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil) and analyzed with referential from the Medical Anthropology. Some potential stigmatizing views about bipolar disorder patients were endorsed by respondents related to biomedical model of b...

  5. Integration of Planning and Budgeting at the State Level of Public Administration: the Case of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Marques Ferreira

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines whether governmental strategic planning in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais involves the integration of planning and budgeting and the perceptions of different actors in the political arena and organized civil society with respect to the existing planning model. This is a descriptive and qualitative study, using interviews and analysis of documents such as the Integrated Development Plan for the State of Minas Gerais (PMDI, which serves as the guiding instrument for the entire process of planning for the state, the Pluriannual Government Action Plan (MAPP, the Budget Guidelines Law (LDO and the Annual Budget Law (LOA. Results show that the analysis of scenarios to identify opportunities and challenges is one of the bases for the construction of planning in the state and that the budget is not a major locus of decision, as it merely presents the allocation of resources previously established in MAPP and its annual reviews. Dialogue is evident in the presentation of documents to civil society, although limitations between rhetoric and practice are observed in some points. It can be concluded, based on the theory, that a moderate, but important, integration exists between planning and budget in Minas Gerais.

  6. Building Supply Systems from Scratch: The Case of the Castor Bean for Biodiesel Chain in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kassia Watanabe

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study contributes to identifying obstacles to the development of a local biodiesel agro-industrial system (AGS in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The research questions are: “How do local social characteristics influence the organizational effectiveness of agents involved in the joint production effort?”; and “How can the institutional arrangement of biodiesel production be described?” The method adopted is the case study, focused on family farmers served by the Family Farmers Rural Extension and Technical Assistance Company (EMATER. This state organization introduced castor beans (Ricinus communis L. to family farmers as an alternative crop to supply a processing plant (Darcy Ribeiro Biodiesel Plant—DRBP in northern Minas Gerais state, Brazil. These family farmers are not horizontally organized, and sign individual contracts with DRBP. The paper concludes that the primary obstacle to developing the biodiesel AGS with castor beans in Minas Gerais is the lack of horizontal organization among family farmers.

  7. Ensaios de micologia: contribuição dos cogumelos patogênicos em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio de Magalhães

    1945-02-01

    Full Text Available O autor diz que, de outubro de 1941 a dezembro de 1943, insulou numerosos fungos patogênicos de lesões as mais variadas. Obteve culturas puras de 5 casos de Rinocladiose, 3 de Moléstia de Lutz, apurou um Actinomyces minutissimus, 2 de Malassezia furfur e 2 Actinomyces, ainda em estudos, etc. Uma das observações de Esporotricose merece referência especial. Tratava-se de um indivíduo, morador em Governador Valadares, que apresentava uma lesão gomosa, nodular e verrucóide, fistulosa, localizada na região umbilical, provocada pela dentada de um peixe, de espécie ignorada, que atacou o paciente quando êste se banhava, completamente despido, nas águas do Rio Doce. O ponto da dentada sangrou ligeiramente e pouco depois começavam a aparecer os nódulos, que se sucederam progressivamente sem perturbar o estado geral do paciente. As sementeiras do pus de uma dessas gomas deram culturas puras do Rhinocladium Beurmanni, única espécie que o autor até hoje insulou, em 55 casos de Esporotricose em Minas Gerais. O autor já havia registrado a moléstia pela dentada de ratos, pelos ferimentos de espinhos de roseiras, pedaços de madeira, facas de cozinha, marteladas etc. Pensa, porém, que a moléstia produzida pela dentada de peixe é a primeira vez que se faz referência na literatura. Referiu-se depois o autor aos casos de Otomicoses que lhe chegaram às mãos em 1942, no serviço do Prof. ILDEU DUARTE. Dá o resumo das observações e concluiu que se tratava de lesões produzidas pelo Aspergillus fumigatus de FRESENIUS, 1841, de acôrdo com as lesões histopatológicas e as culturas que obteve.The author says that, from October 1941 do December 1943, has insulated numerous pathogenic fungi of the most varied lesions. He obtained pure cultures of 5 cases of Rhinocladiosis, 3 of Lutz disease, verified one Actinomyces minutissimus, 2 of Malassezia furfur and 1 Actinomyces, still under study, etc. One of the observations of Sporotrichosis

  8. Implantação de um sistema de telecardiologia em Minas Gerais: projeto Minas Telecardio Implantación de un sistema de telecardiología en Minas Gerais: proyecto Minas Telecardio Implementation of a telecardiology system in the state of Minas Gerais: the Minas Telecardio Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Luiz P. Ribeiro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Embora as doenças cardiovasculares sejam a maior causa de morbimortalidade em todo Brasil, o acesso das populações de cidades pequenas à eletrocardiografia e à avaliação cardiológica é limitado. O uso da telecardiologia para facilitar o acesso da população de municípios remotos à eletrocardiografia e à segunda opinião em cardiologia é promissora, entretanto não foi formalmente testada. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a viabilidade de se implantar o sistema público de telecardiologia de baixo custo em pequenas cidades brasileiras. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas 82 cidades do Estado de Minas Gerais, com população 70% de cobertura pelo Programa Saúde da Família (PSF, com interesse do gestor e acesso pela internet. Em cada município foi instalado um aparelho de eletrocardiógrafo (ECG digital, com subsequente treinamento da equipe. A implantação foi coordenada pelo HC/UFMG, em conjunto com outros quatro hospitais universitários mineiros (UFU, UFTM, UFJF e UNIMONTES. Os ECGs foram realizados nos municípios e enviados pela internet para análise imediata em plantão de telecardiologia. Realizaram-se discussões de casos médicos on-line e off-line e cursos de atualização via web. RESULTADOS: No período de implantação, foram treinados 253 profissionais de saúde. De julho de 2006 a novembro de 2008, o projeto atendeu 42.664 pacientes, realizando 62.865 ECGs. Foram efetuados 2.148 atendimentos de urgência e 420 teleconsultorias. A avaliação intermediária apontou boa aceitação da tecnologia implantada e uma diminuição de 70% de encaminhamentos de pacientes para outros centros de referência. CONCLUSÃO: É factível a utilização de recursos habituais de informática para facilitar o acesso de populações de cidades pequenas à eletrocardiografia e avaliação cardiológica especializada.FUNDAMENTO: Aunque las enfermedades cardiovasculares sean la mayor causa de morbimortalidade en todo Brasil, el acceso de las

  9. COMENTARIOS SOBRE EL ESTADO ACTUAL DE LOS MUSEOS DEL TRIÂNGULO MINEIRO, MINAS GERAIS, BRASIL / Coments on the current state of the Triângulo Mineiro- Minas Gerais, Brazil- museums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Pérez Winter

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Desde la creación del primer Museo Nacional de Brasil hasta la actualidad, el concepto y los objetivos de sus museos fueron modificándose y transformándose en función de las políticas predominantes del país. Por mucho tiempo éstas fueron exclusivas y apelaban a conservar el patrimonio de las elites brasileñas. Desde el 2000, las políticas museológicas y patrimoniales apuntaron hacia una democratización de los museos y un mayor acceso de información para su administración. Sin embargo, muchos museos regionales aún deben lidiar con una serie de problemas presupuestarios y de recursos humanos que les dificulta desarrollar y mejorar la conservación y divulgación del patrimonio que albergan. Por ello, el objetivo de este trabajo es presentar y discutir cuatro casos de diferentes tipos de museos de la región del Triângulo Mineiro, estado de Minas Gerais (Brasil, con el fin de mostrar las actividades que se están generando y los problemas que deben enfrentar para llevarlas a cabo.   Palabras Claves: Museo, Patrimonio cultural, Triângulo Mineiro, Minas Gerais, Brasil.   Coments on the current state of the Triângulo Mineiro- Minas Gerais, Brazil- museums   Abstract Since the creation of the first National Museum of Brazil to the present, the concept and objectives of their museums had changed and transformed, according to the prevailing policies of the country. For many years, these policies were exclusive and tended to preserve the Brazilian elite heritage. Since 2000, museological and heritage policies changed toward a democratization of museums and to generate major access of information for its management. However, many local museums must yet deal with a series of budget and human resources problems in order to preserve and divulge the heritage they are protecting. Therefore, the aim of this contribution is to present four different types of museums localized in the Triângulo Mineiro region, in Minas Gerais state (Brazil, to

  10. Nova espécie do gênero Manihot Adans. do Estado de Minas Gerais A new species of Manihot from Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neusa Diniz da Cruz

    1967-01-01

    Full Text Available Nova espécie é aqui descrita, M. handroana, muito afim à M. jolyana N. D. Cruz, mas perfeitamente distinguível desta na morfologia vegetativa e floral. As características mais evidentes são: algumas fôlhas inferiores com os lobos lobulados e levemente peitadas; flores maiores, principalmente as masculinas, e de côr verde-amarelada na face externa; presença do disco bastante carnoso nas flores femininas, que durante a formação do fruto aumenta consideravelmente de tamanho; forma do fruto de seção acentuadamente trígona, enquanto que na M. Jolyana é circular. As diferenças morfológicas permitem concluir tratar-se de duas espécies diferentes, embora ambas sejam da mesma formação geográfica, Serra da Mantiqueira. Provavelmente uma derivou a outra. A observação citológica em tecido somático mostrou possuir a espécie 2n = 36 cromossomos, como a M. jolyana.A new species of Manihot, named M. handroana was originally collected in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. This new species is related to M. jolyana N. D. Cruz, but differs from the latter in vegetative and floral characters. The upper part of its branches has less pilosity and the basal part is glabrate. The stipules are linear and smaller than M. jolyana, without glandulous teeth. The limb is deeply divided resulting in a more reduced disk, with cuspidate lobe apices and more glabrate upper surface. Some lower leaves show lobulation of the lobes and are slightly peltate. This plant also presents a scale-from expansion of petiole extremity in unlobulated leaves, as M. jolyana. The perianth of masculine and feminine flowers is larger, and of yellowish green color on its external part. The most evident character is the fleshy disk in feminine flowers, which increases in size during fruit development. The fruit shape is markedly triangulate, while in M. jolyana it is circular. The chromosome number for M. handroana is 2n = 36, as in M. jolyana.

  11. Uma outra modernização: transportes em uma província não exportadora - Minas Gerais, 1850-1870 Another modernization: transportation in a non-exporting province - Minas Gerais, 1850-1870

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Magalhães Godoy

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1750 e 1880, Minas Gerais desenvolveu economia com o predomínio de direção não exportadora da produção e relativa independência em relação a mercados externos de outros espaços regionais do Brasil e do exterior do país. Essa singular evolução histórica ensejou específica compreensão e tratamento do problema dos transportes pelos contemporâneos. No século XIX, sobretudo em seu terceiro quartel, estavam postas as condições para que o processo de modernização dos transportes em Minas, sobretudo na forma da aceleração da constituição de sistema integrado, se realizasse fora das determinações da hegemonia de modelo econômico primário-exportador. Neste escrito, são avançadas reflexões em torno da história dos transportes na província de Minas Gerais e apresentadas e analisadas evidências documentais que demonstram o quanto pode ser equivocada apreensão da modernização dos transportes no Brasil que considere modelo único ou que tenda a generalizar para o conjunto do país a experiência histórica da modernização com base no ferroviarismo.Between 1750 and 1880, Minas Gerais developed an economy predominantly non-exporting as well as relatively independent of external markets of other Brazilian regions and of foreign markets. Due to such unique historical evolution, contemporaries had to develop specific understanding and ways of dealing with transportation problems. In nineteenth century, mainly in its third quarter, it were established the conditions for the modernization process of transportation in Minas. Those conditions allowed such modernization to take place apart from the determinations resulting from the hegemony of a primarily exportation economic model, specially based on hastening the construction of an integrated system. This text enlarges considerations about the history of transportation in the province of Minas Gerais. It presents and analyses documental evidences which demonstrate it can

  12. Main lepidopteran pest species from an eucalyptus plantation in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresinha V Zanuncio

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Lepidoptera species were monitored in a plantation of Eucalyptus grandis in the Municipality of Bom Despacho, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil from March 1987 to February 1992. A total of 547 species were collected and divided in: primary pests: 13; secondary pests: 20; species without defined importance to eucalyptus: 79; and non-identified species: 435. These four groups had a mean of 5231.29; 338.18; 438.16 and 2222.87 individuals with a total of 8229.87 individuals collected per trap. The number of species without defined importance to eucalyptus, and non-identified species, increased during the collecting period of five years while those of primary and secondary pests showed similar numbers in all years. The most collected primary pests Thyrinteina arnobia Stoll and Stenalcidia sp. (Geometridae showed higher frequencies during the driest and coldest periods of the year, whereas Psorocampa denticulata Schaus (Notodontidae was most frequent during periods of higher rainfall. Species of groups III and IV increased in diversity with eucalyptus age. This area has a high probability of outbreaks of eucalyptus defoliating caterpillars, especially T. arnobia. For this reason, lepidopteran pests should be monitored in this plantation during the driest and coldest periods of the year, when they can reach population peaks. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54(2: 553-560. Epub 2006 Jun 01.De marzo de 1987 a febrero de 1992 se realizó un monitoreo con trampas luminosas en plantaciones de Eucalyptus grandis en Bom Despacho, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se recolectaron 547 especies del orden Lepidoptera: plagas primarias: 13; plagas secundarias: 20; especies sin importancia definida para el cultivo de eucalipto: 79; y especies no identificadas: 435. Estos cuatro grupos tuvieron medias de 5231.29; 338,18; 438.16 y 2222.87 individuos por trampa respectivamente, para un total de 8229.87 lepidopteros recolectados por trampa. Durante los cinco años hubo un aumento del número de

  13. Intestinal parasites in public transport buses from the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrade SS

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Sabrina S Andrade,1 Layane M Teodoro,1 Daniel JS Viana,1 Egleise M Canuto-Sales,2 Gustavo H Bahia-de-Oliveira,2 Suedali Villas Bôas,3 Ricardo A Barata1 1Department of Biological Sciences, 2Department of Pharmacy, 3Department of Basic Sciences, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil Background: Intestinal parasites’ eggs, larvae, or cysts can be carried in public transport buses, and contribute to the increased incidence of diseases. This study aimed to detect biological forms of intestinal parasites in samples from public buses in the town of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, in order to know the local situation and propose interventions to improve public health. Materials and methods: In November 2014, six samples were obtained in buses of the two stations by using Graham method, in duplicate, by affixing a 6×5 cm clear tape, six times on each collection site of the bus, in an area of ~30 cm2. Then, each tape was positioned longitudinally on a slide microscope, and the identification of the biological forms of the parasites was performed with the aid of a 40× objective optical microscope. Results: A total of 216 slides were analyzed, of which 86 (39.8% were positive for at least one intestinal parasite. Cysts of Entamoeba coli were the most frequently found in this study (52.1%, followed by Endolimax nana cysts (30.7%, Iodamoeba butschlii (6.5%, helminth larvae (4.7%, Giardia lamblia cysts (3.6%, Hymenolepis nana eggs (1.2%, Enterobius vermicularis eggs (0.6%, and Entamoeba histolytica cysts (0.6%. Top right handrails and right stanchions had the highest occurrence of biological forms, with 18.3% and 14.8%, respectively. Conclusion: The results indicated the need for better cleaning of the buses and better personal hygiene by users, since pathogenic and non-pathogenic intestinal parasites were found, suggesting fecal contamination of these sites, representing a risk to public health. Keywords

  14. Characteristics of tuberculosis in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil: 2002-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Jose Augusto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile of tuberculosis cases reported between 2002 and 2009 in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, according to sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics, as well as to comorbidities and mortality. METHODS: This was a descriptive, epidemiological study based on data obtained from the Brazilian Case Registry Database and the Brazilian Mortality Database for the 2002-2009 period. RESULTS: There were 47,285 reported cases of tuberculosis, corresponding to a mean incidence of 22.3/100,000 population. The individuals diagnosed with tuberculosis were predominantly in the 20- to 49-year age bracket and male (62.4% and 67.0%, respectively. Individuals with a low level of education accounted for 18.5% of the cases. New cases, cases of recurrence, and cases of retreatment accounted for 83.7%, 5.7%, 5.7%, respectively. The rates of cure and treatment noncompliance were 66.2% and 11.2%, respectively; multidrug-resistant tuberculosis was identified in 0.2% of the cases; and the mortality rate was 12.9%. The directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS strategy was applied in 21.8% of the cases. Sputum smear microscopy and culture were performed in only 73.9% and 12.9% of the cases, respectively. Chest X-rays were performed in 90.5% of the cases. Pulmonary tuberculosis was the predominant form (in 83.9%. Comorbidity with alcoholism, HIV infection, and diabetes mellitus were identified in 17.2%, 8.3%, and 3.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: During the study period, the numbers of new cases, cases of treatment noncompliance, and deaths were high, comorbidities were common, and there was a failure to perform adequately basic tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Multidisciplinary approaches, expanded use of the DOTS strategy, better knowledge of the distribution of tuberculosis, and improvements in the databases are needed in order to achieve better control of the disease in the state of Minas Gerais.

  15. Mordedura canina e atendimento antirrábico humano em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M.R. Oliveira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi descrever e avaliar a mordedura canina e o atendimento antirrábico humano em Minas Gerais, de 1999 a 2004, correlacionando fontes de informação e áreas de risco predeterminadas para raiva humana transmitida por cão. Realizou-se um estudo observacional descritivo retrospectivo, utilizando-se, de forma adaptada, a análise exploratória de prontuários dos atendimentos da Superintendência de Epidemiologia da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Minas Gerais (339.012 de atendimentos, do Sistema de Informação de Notificação de Agravos, do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade, do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares e do Programa Nacional de Imunizações (132.452 fichas. Para a classificação dos agravos, usou-se o Código Internacional de Doenças (10ª revisão. Os dados foram armazenados e analisados com auxílio dos softwares Epi-Info, Tab-Win e Office®. Verificou-se que o tratamento antirrábico humano é excessivo nas áreas de baixo e médio risco para raiva e, ao contrário, reduzido nas áreas de alto risco. O perfil do paciente é estudante masculino, menor de 14 anos, residente em área urbana de baixo risco para raiva humana transmitida por cão, com mordedura única nos membros, provocada por cão sadio e observável. Os sistemas de informação não oferecem a confiabilidade necessária ao médico responsável para a prescrição do tratamento antirrábico adequado. A profilaxia da raiva deve ter um aspecto multicêntrico, com interfaces na atenção tanto à saúde humana quanto à animal, o que não tem ocorrido, propiciando falhas na vigilância e no atendimento do agravo.

  16. Exportação de flores e plantas ornamentais pelo estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Correa Landgraf

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O sistema de comercialização de flores no Brasil é dinâmico, principalmente considerando a grande demanda de importações de insumos básicos para a atividade, na qual o País é fortemente dependente das aquisições de material genético, oriundo, principalmente, da Holanda. No entanto, pouco se conhece sobre características da comercialização para o mercado exportador da produção mineira de flores e plantas ornamentais. Com o objetivo de avaliar aspectos da exportação de flores e plantas ornamentais de Minas Gerais, foi realizado um trabalho, em todo o Estado, junto a produtores de plantas ornamentais, flores de corte, vasos, bulbos, palmeiras e mudas arbóreas. O trabalho foi realizado no período de 2003 a 2005, e as entrevistas foram feitas in loco, durante as visitas a todos os municípios, sendo identificado um total de 427 produtores. Nas entrevistas, perguntou-se sobre o local de comercialização, Brasil e ou exterior, quando a comercialização era feita para o mercado externo, foram identificados os países de destino e a quantidade e valor monetário exportado. Apenas três regiões promovem exportação dos seus produtos, destacando-se as rosas de Barbacena, sempre-vivas em Diamantina, na região Central; a produção de Cymbidium em vaso e corte, em Senador Amaral, na região Sul; e a produção de bulbos de lírios, em Tapira, na região Alto Paranaíba. Conclui-se que os principais produtos de floricultura exportados pelo estado de Minas Gerais são rosas de corte, orquídeas de corte, sempre-vivas e bulbos de lírio, sendo os principais destinos Portugal, Estados Unidos, Holanda e Japão. Palavras-chave: comercialização de flores, floricultura, mercado exportador.

  17. Seroprevalence and risk factors for bovine brucellosis in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Faria de Oliveira

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study was conducted in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil in 2011 to estimate the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis (Brucella abortus in properties and cattle, and to identify potential infection risk factors for herds with cows of reproductive age. The state was divided into seven regions: 1. Noroeste, Norte and Nordeste; 2. Leste; 3. Central; 4. Zona da Mata; 5. Sul and Sudoeste; 6. Alto Paranaíba; and 7. Triângulo Mineiro. Random, two-stage sampling was performed of both properties and cattle from each property. Blood samples were collected from 18,990 cows of reproductive age from 2,185 properties. The serologic tests used for the detection of anti-B. abortus antibodies included the buffered, acidified plate antigen test, as a screening test, with the 2-mercaptoethanol reduction, test as a confirmatory test, as recommended by the Programa Nacional de Controle e Erradicação da Brucelose e Tuberculose Animal - PNCEBT (National Program for the Control and Eradication of Animal Brucellosis and Tuberculosis. The seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis on the surveyed properties and in cattle were 3.59% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.76 4.42% and 0.81% (95% CI: 0.05-1.10%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified the total number of cows in the property as a risk factor for the presence of anti-B. abortus antibodies, with an odds ratio (OR of 1.93 (95% CI: 1.12 - 3.34 for herds with 30 to 210 cows and 7.81 (95% CI: 3.72-16.38 for those with more than 210 cows, relative to the risk in herds with less than 30 cows, the base category. While these results demonstrate a significant reduction in the prevalence of properties with bovine brucellosis, the disease is still present in Minas Gerais, with properties with higher numbers of cows at higher risk for infection.

  18. Epidemiological status of bovine tuberculosis in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonata de Melo Barbieri

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A cross sectional study was performed to assess the epidemiological status of bovine tuberculosis in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2013. The state was divided into seven regions, and a preset number of herds was randomly sampled in each region. From each farm, female cattle aged 24 months or older were randomly sampled and subjected to the comparative cervical tuberculin test (CCTT. Animals with inconclusive test results were re-tested with the same diagnostic procedure after a minimum interval of 60 days. A total of 31?832 animals were tested from 2?182 farms. An epidemiological questionnaire was administered in the farms to identify risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis. Prevalence in the state was estimated at 4.25% (95% CI: 3.36% – 5.15% for herds and at 0.56% (95% CI: 0.46% – 0.66% for animals. Data on herd prevalence for bovine tuberculosis for each stratum showed the highest prevalences at region Sul e Sudoeste (stratum 5 and region Central (stratum 3 which were significantly different from the lowest prevalences found at regions Noroeste, Norte e Nordeste (stratum 1 and region Leste (stratum 2. The highest animal prevalences observed for the region Sul e Sudoeste (stratum 5, region Zona da Mata (stratum 4 and region Central (stratum 3 were significantly different from the lowest ones at region Triângulo Mineiro (stratum 7, region Noroeste, Norte, e Nordeste (stratum 1 and region Leste (stratum 2. The presence of bovine tuberculosis was associated with animal purchase from cattle traders (OR?=?2.59 [95% CI: 1.28 – 5.20], higher yield intensive dairy (OR?=?7.55 [95% CI: 1.89% – 30.09%] and non-intensive dairy production (OR?=?3.58 [95% CI: 1.06% – 12.04%], as well as with herds with 30 or more cows (OR?=?1.97 [95% CI: 1.02 – 3.80]. Non-specific reactors to the CCTT were found in 95.07% (95% CI: 94.05% - 96.09% of the herds. Therefore, the state of Minas Gerais should implement surveillance systems for the

  19. Chemical analysis of turmeric from Minas Gerais, Brazil and comparison of methods for flavour free oleoresin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyleni R. A. Souza

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemical analysis of turmeric (Curcuma longa L cultivated in eight different cities in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil was carried out. The levels of curcuminoid pigments varied from 1.4 to 6.14 g/100 g and of volatile oil from 0.97 to 7.55 mL/100 g (dry basis. Samples from Patrocínio, Arinos and Brasilândia contained higher pigment levels compared to the others. The sample from Patrocínio contained the highest volatile oil content. The mean levels of ethyl ether extract, protein, fiber, ash and starch were 8.51, 7.01, 7.22, 7.81 and 39.87 g/100 g dry basis, respectively. Laboratory extraction of flavour free oleoresin was performed in triplicate. A higher yield of pigment in the oleoresin was obtained when the volatile oil was extracted with water vapor and the oleoresin with ethanol. The oleoresin obtained was free of flavour and could be used in a wider range of food applications.Análise química de cúrcuma (Curcuma longa L provenientes de oito municípios do Estado de Minas Gerais - Brasil foi efetuada. Os teores (base seca de pigmentos curcuminóides variaram de 1,4 a 6,14 g/100 g e os de óleo volátil, de 0,97 a 7,55 mL/100 g. Amostras de Patrocínio, Arinos e Brasilândia continham os maiores teores de pigmentos e as de Patrocínio os maiores teores de óleos voláteis. Os teores médios (base seca de extrato etéreo, proteínas, fibras, cinzas e amido encontrados foram 8,51; 7,01; 7,22; 7,81 e 39,87 g/100 g, respectivamente. Com o objetivo de obter corante amarelo isento de flavor, métodos de extração em laboratório foram comparados em triplicata. Um maior rendimento de pigmento na oleoresina foi obtido extraindo-se o óleo volátil com vapor d'água e a oleoresina com etanol. A oleoresina obtida é isenta de flavor e pode ser utilizada em um número maior de aplicações na indústria alimentícia

  20. HIPOFOSFOROSE EM BOVINOS NO MUNICÍPIO DE CONTAGEM – MINAS GERAIS HYPOPHOSPHOROSIS IN BOVINES IN THE CONTAGEM MUNICIPALITY - MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edalmo Souza Couto

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Foram estudados casos de hipofosforose em bovino do município de Contagem, Estado de Minas Gerais, explorados na produção de leite. Realizou-se as dosagens de cálcio e fósforo séricos em seis animais doentes, antes e 21 dias após iniciado o tratamento com Phos-20 e farinha de osso à vontade no cocho. Foram feitas as determinações de cálcio e fósforo no solo e no capim jaraguá (Hyparrhenia rufa dos pastos nas duas fazendas. Fez-se no lote 1 o tratamento parenteral com Phos-20, na dose diária de 10 ml por 100 quilos de peso animal durante 10 dias e farinha de osso à vontade, no cocho com sal comum ao lado. Ao segundo lote, durante 10 dias, administrou-se 1 mg de sulfato de cobalto, "per os" em 20 ml de água, diariamente por animal e sal comum à vontade; posteriormente, em face do resultado negativo para o cobalto, continuou-se com o tratamento do primeiro lote, apresentando melhora muito acentuada no quadro clínico; o terceiro lote, sem tratamento por igual período. Posteriormente, o tratamento com farinha de osso, sal comum e Phos-20 restabelecendo parcialmente no espaço de algum tempo, persistindo, como seqüela, a esterilidade. Nos bovinos do primeiro lote, após a primeira semana de tratamento com Phos-20 e farinha de osso, verificou-se a remissão dos sintomas. Em todos animais tratados com fontes de fósforos, a fosfatemia se restabeleceu a níveis normais, quando se generalizou o uso da farinha de osso e sal comum à vontade na alimentação. Verificou-se estreita correlação entre os níveis séricos de fósforo animal com teor deste elemento no solo e no capim jaraguá (Hyparrhenia rufa, caracterizado por um limite crítico de deficiência. O diagnóstico de hipofosforose baseou-se na análise dos dados clínicos: anamnese, sintomas, níveis séricos de fósforo dos bovinos, exame histopatológico do tecido ósseo e teores de fósforo na forrageira e no

  1. Épocas de plantio da lentilha precoce em quatro regiões de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Faria Vieira

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Foram conduzidos cinco ensaios, todos irrigados, em quatro regiões de Minas Gerais: Viçosa, Leopoldina (Zona da Mata, Patos de Minas (Alto Paranaíba, Uberaba (Triângulo e Janaúba (Norte, com o objetivo de determinar a melhor época de plantio da lentilha precoce. Em Viçosa, foram estudadas seis datas de plantio, de 15/3 a 30/5; em Leopoldina, quatro, de 7/4 a 10/6; em Uberaba e Patos de Minas, seis, de 17/2 a 2/6; e em Janaúba, cinco, de 16/5 a 3/8. O intervalo entre datas de plantio foi de, aproximadamente, 20 dias. No ensaio de Viçosa, foi utilizada a cultivar Precoz, plantada no espaçamento entre fileiras de 40 cm, com 30 sementes/m; nos outros ensaios, a Silvina, no espaçamento entre fileiras de 30 cm, com 50 sementes/m. Em geral, os maiores rendimentos foram alcançados quando o plantio foi feito em maio, principalmente na segunda quinzena. Em Viçosa, a lentilha também teve bom desempenho quando plantada na segunda quinzena de março. Em Leopoldina e Janaúba, os dois locais de temperaturas mais altas, o plantio no início de junho não prejudicou o rendimento, se comparado com o da segunda quinzena de maio. Nas épocas de plantio em que foram obtidos os maiores rendimentos, a lentilha precoce, após a emergência, levou entre 28 e 60 dias para iniciar o florescimento; e da emergência até a colheita, entre 92 e 112 dias. O maior rendimento médio foi alcançado em Leopoldina, quando o plantio foi realizado em 27/5: 1.644 kg/ha. O peso de 100 sementes da 'Silvina'variou de 5,5 a 6,3 gramas, quando o plantio foi feito em maio.

  2. [Variations in tooth decay rates among children 5 and 12 years old in Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Simone Dutra; Portela, Margareth Crisóstomo; Mendonça, Lisette Lobato

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this ecological study was to analyze to what extent World Health Organization goals were met in relation to dental caries in 2000 in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, identifying factors associated with variation in DMFT and the occurrence of DMFT children and in the percentage of caries-free 5-year-olds. Secondary data from different sources were used. Linear regression and multiple logistic regression techniques were applied to the analysis of the numerical and dichotomous dependent variables. Socioeconomic and dental services supply/utilization indicators were used as potential explanatory variables. The goals expressed by DMFT < or = 3 at 12 years and a minimum of 50% caries-free 5-year-olds were met by 37% and 9% of the State's municipalities, respectively. In general the dependent variables were associated with socioeconomic level, and no associations were identified with dental care. The results should not be generalized, but they do suggest inequities in oral health and the role played by socioeconomic factors and water fluoridation.

  3. Ascaris suum in pigs of the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Costa Fausto

    Full Text Available Among the parasites that affect pigs, Ascaris suum stands out for causing the greatest losses to livestock production systems. This parasite can be monitored during the slaughter of animals through the identification of “milk spots” or white patches on the liver caused by its larval migration. However, infection in the herd is usually subclinical, which is why the presence of this parasite in industrial pig production has been overlooked. The aim of the study was therefore to evaluate the occurrence of milk spots on the liver of animals slaughtered in the micro-region of Ponte Nova in the Zona da Mata - Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to associate these lesions with the time of year, herd size and source of origin of the animals. An evaluation was made of 1,069 lots, totaling 108,073 animals, based on data extracted from the Federal Inspection Service. The animals were slaughtered during the period of January 2011 to June 2013. Out of the total number of slaughtered animals, 10,535 (9.75% tested positive for these lesions. Therefore, veterinarians and producers should be warned about the inefficiency of the deworming protocols that are used, and the need to develop and/or review control strategies for this parasite in production systems.

  4. Ascaris suum in pigs of the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fausto, Mariana Costa; Oliveira, Isabela de Castro; Fausto, Guilherme Costa; Carvalho, Lorendane Millena de; Valente, Fabrício Luciani; Campos, Artur Kanadani; Araújo, Jackson Victor de

    2015-01-01

    Among the parasites that affect pigs, Ascaris suum stands out for causing the greatest losses to livestock production systems. This parasite can be monitored during the slaughter of animals through the identification of "milk spots" or white patches on the liver caused by its larval migration. However, infection in the herd is usually subclinical, which is why the presence of this parasite in industrial pig production has been overlooked. The aim of the study was therefore to evaluate the occurrence of milk spots on the liver of animals slaughtered in the micro-region of Ponte Nova in the Zona da Mata - Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to associate these lesions with the time of year, herd size and source of origin of the animals. An evaluation was made of 1,069 lots, totaling 108,073 animals, based on data extracted from the Federal Inspection Service. The animals were slaughtered during the period of January 2011 to June 2013. Out of the total number of slaughtered animals, 10,535 (9.75%) tested positive for these lesions. Therefore, veterinarians and producers should be warned about the inefficiency of the deworming protocols that are used, and the need to develop and/or review control strategies for this parasite in production systems.

  5. Indexes for water management and planning on the Paraopeba River Basin, Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Marcel Barros da Silva

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of the true amount of officially granted use of water and the spatial distribution of water usage in a watershed has become indispensable for the appropriate management of water resources. In this process, the use of indexes allows for the identification of possible water use conflicts. The objective of this study was to evaluate the indexes of conflict regarding water use in the management (icg and planning (icp of water resources in the Paraopeba River Basin, focusing on identifying possible water resource conflicts and on providing supportive information for the water management agency in Minas Gerais State. Besides the Digital Elevation Model (DEM for hydrological analyses to calculate the drainage area for every river segment, the official amount of granted water use and estimated river flows at watershed confluences was also needed. The results of the icg calculation demonstrated that in 22.7% of the analyzed river segments the use of water was higher than what is legally granted, and this indicates a potential conflict regarding water use. The icp analyses showed that in three river segments the use of water was higher than the long-term mean flow. The combined icg and icp analyses led us to conclude that in the water use conflict scenario the solution could be establishing an infrastructure that would allow a year-round increase in the availability of water to be granted.

  6. Disease Severity Prediction by Spirometry in Adults with Visceral Leishmaniasis from Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Isabel A; Bezerra, Frank S; Albuquerque, André Luis Pereira de; Andrade, Heitor F; Nicodemo, Antonio C; Amato, Valdir S

    2017-02-08

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is associated with interstitial pneumonitis according to histology and radiology reports. However, studies to address the functional impact on respiratory function in patients are lacking. We assessed pulmonary function using noninvasive spirometry in a cross-sectional study of hospitalized adult VL patients from Minas Gerais, Brazil, without unrelated lung conditions or acute infections. Lung conditions were graded as normal, restrictive, obstructive, or mixed patterns, according to Brazilian consensus standards for spirometry. To control for regional patterns of lung function, we compared spirometry of patients with regional paired controls. Spirometry detected abnormal lung function in most VL patients (70%, 14/20), usually showing a restrictive pattern, in contrast to regional controls and the standards for normal tests. Alterations in spirometry measurements correlated with hypoalbuminemia, the only laboratory value indicative of severity of parasitic disease. Abnormalities did not correlate with unrelated factors such as smoking or occupation. Clinical data including pulmonary symptoms and duration of therapy were also unrelated to abnormal spirometry findings. We conclude that the severity of VL is correlated with a restrictive pattern of lung function according to spirometry, suggesting that there may be interstitial lung involvement in VL. Further studies should address whether spirometry could serve as an index of disease severity in the management of VL. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  7. [About smallpox and vaccination practices in Minas Gerais (Brazil) in the 19th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Anny Jackeline Torres; Marques, Rita de Cássia

    2011-02-01

    This article discusses the impact of smallpox and vaccination practices used against the disease used in the province of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, during the Imperial Period (1822-1889). Despite the existence of services responsible for the organization and dissemination of the vaccine in the country since the early 19th century, some administrative and cultural factors, as identified in documents produced by the province's public health authorities at the time, had a negative impact upon the full implementation of both practice and organization of services aimed at the dissemination of smallpox vaccination. Based upon historiographic sources, it is argued that despite the trend towards centralization observed at different governmental spheres during the structuring of the Imperial State, in particular, in the provision of vaccination services, there was a prevailing disharmony between the different agencies responsible for the implementation and management of such services. A further contributor to the difficulties in the service implementation was the resistance of the population to submit to the vaccination, a phenomenon that can be best understood through examination of the social construction of perceptions about diseases and the vaccination method used against the smallpox.

  8. Epidemiological aspects of canine babesiosis in the semiarid area of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Monica G; Costa, Roberto T; Haddad, João P A; Passos, Lygia M F; Ribeiro, Múcio F B

    2007-05-16

    Epidemiological aspects of Babesia vogeli infection were studied in the canine population of a rural town located in the Brazilian "Drought Polygon" of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The survey was carried out in March 2003, when 505 dogs were identified and their characteristics registered on appropriate forms. Blood samples were collected at this time and again in June, September and December 2003. Serum samples were tested by the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) to detect antibodies against B. vogeli. The prevalence of anti-B. vogeli antibodies was 18.8%; however, no correlations were found between prevalence of infection and the age or gender of the animals. Cross-bred dogs presented a higher chance of acquiring infection in comparison to pure-bred dogs. Significant differences concerning the incidence of the disease were found during the period April-June in comparison to other months, demonstrating that transmission of B. vogeli is related to seasonal variations of tick infestations. The results indicate that climatic factors within the semiarid area interfere directly in the epidemiology of canine babesiosis.

  9. Evidence of Borrelia in wild and domestic mammals from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Emmanuel Montandon

    Full Text Available The main of the study was to evaluate the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi infection in domestic and wild vertebrates and ectoparasites in endemic areas from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 445 serum samples were examined by ELISA, which used the Borrelia burgdorferi strain G39/40 U.S. source and 3,821 tick samples were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. B. burgdorferi antibodies were found in 30 serum samples (6.74%; three in marsupials (7.69%, three in rodents (2.80%, nine in dogs (6.25%, and 15 in horses (9.68%. Nested-PCR performed in DNA samples obtained from collected ticks demonstrated negative results. Although attempts to amplify B. burgdorferi DNA from ticks had been not successful, the presence of seroreactive vertebrates suggests the possibility the Borrelia species circulating in these regions. Further research is required to provide information on the presence of Borrelia in Brazilian territory and its association with Baggio-Yoshinari syndrome.

  10. Congenital neosporosis in goats from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varaschin, Mary S; Hirsch, Christian; Wouters, Flademir; Nakagaki, Karen Y; Guimarães, Antônio M; Santos, Domingos S; Bezerra, Pedro S; Costa, Rafael C; Peconick, Ana P; Langohr, Ingeborg M

    2012-03-01

    Congenital Neospora caninum infection was diagnosed in two Saanen goat kids from two distinct herds with a history of abortion and weak newborn goat kids in the Southern region of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The first kid was weak at birth, had difficulty to rise and was unable to nurse. Gross lesions of porencephaly and hydrocephalus ex vacuo were seen. Multifocal necrosis, gliosis and non-supurative encephalitis were observed in the brain. Several parasitic cysts with a thick wall that reacted strongly only with polyclonal antiserum to Neospora caninum were seen in the cerebral cortex, brain stem and cerebellum. The second kid was born from a Neospora caninum seropositive mother that aborted in the last pregnancy. It was born without clinical signs. The diagnosis of neosporosis was based on antibody titer of 1:800 to N. caninum by indirect fluorescence antibody test obtained from blood collected before the goat kid ingested the colostrum and Neospora caninum DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced from placenta. This is the first report of neosporosis in goats in the southeast region of Brazil.

  11. Ecotourism as a source of infection withSchistosoma mansoniin Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murta, Felipe Leão Gomes; Massara, Cristiano Lara; Nogueira, Joyce Favacho Cardoso; Dos Santos Carvalho, Omar; de Mendonça, Cristiane Lafetá Furtado; Pinheiro, Viviane Aparecida Oliveira; Enk, Martin Johannes

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, a new pattern of schistosomiasis transmission has been described which is related to recreational activities associated with rural or ecological tourism and migratory flows and accompanying changes in social dynamics in Brazil. The objective of this report is to describe two schistosomiasis outbreaks that occurred during the practice of rural tourism in Minas Gerais, Brazil, and review this pattern of transmission within the wider context of schistosomiasis control. The first outbreak was characterized by its high infection rate, showing that 59 % of the exposed eco-tourists became positive for infection with Schistosoma mansoni . In addition, all three disease transmitting species of intermediate host snails were found in the area. In the second outbreak, all members of one tourist family were infected and reported contact with water in a well-known tourist area. The malacological survey in the region revealed an infection rate with S. mansoni of 8.3 % among the collected snails. Infection of urban dwellers that report contact with contaminated water associated with ecotourism represents a new pattern of disease transmission and dissemination. The infection with the disease at these occasions finds its expression in outbreaks of acute schistosomiasis among internal tourists to rural areas. Therefore, epidemiological surveillance in endemic areas should be aware of this schistosomiasis transmission pattern, and a multidisciplinary approach, most of all sanitation and health education measures, is required in order increase the efficiency of control strategies.

  12. Analysis of medical prescriptions dispensed at health centers in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acurcio Francisco A.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on medical prescriptions dispensed at health centers under the Municipal Health Department in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The study analyzed 4,607 prescriptions from March to April 1999, grouped according to origin (internal or external. The analysis focused on information written on medical prescriptions. The main findings were: (a an average of 2.4 drugs per prescription in both groups; (b prescriptions filled out with 4 or more drugs accounted for 18.0% of internal and 17.6% of external prescriptions; (c 84.3% of internal and 85.5% of external prescriptions provided no instructions for use of medication; (d information on dosage regimen varied from 51.2% to 97.6% for internal and 57.9% to 96.5% for external prescriptions; (e generic names were specified for 51.9% and 28.4% of all drugs on internal and external prescriptions, respectively; (f prescriptions containing standard drugs from the Municipal Health Department accounted for 88.7% of internal and 76.4% of external prescriptions. Data analysis shows the need for continuing education of physicians and adoption of other methods to improve quality of prescriptions and promote rational use of drugs.

  13. On the natural diet of Daphnia laevis in the eutrophic Pampulha reservoir (Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. ESKINAZI-SANT'ANNA

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the major food items ingested by adult specimens of Daphnia laevis within the eutrophic Pampulha reservoir in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The gut content was analyzed after addition of sodium hypochlorite and also through the examination of dissected guts under scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that Chlorophyceae was the main food item ingested, representing c. 80.5% of the total ingested food. Moreover, Eutetramorus fottii, Coelastrum pseudomicroporum and Oocystis lacustris, the dominant phytoplankton species within the reservoir, were the most frequent cells found in the gut contents. Euglenophyta also represented an important food item accounting for 15% of the ingested material, including mainly Trachelomonas volvocina and Euglena oxyuris, although less abundant in the reservoir (< 10% of total phytoplankton. Blue-green algae occurred at much lower percentages in the guts than in the phytoplankton. A small amount of undigested Microcystis aeruginosa colonies were also found in the gut content of D. laevis. Scanning electron microscopy results showed that, besides phytoplankton cells, a great amount of abiogenic material was also ingested. The amount of this inorganic material increased considerably in the tract (from 15% to 75% of the gut content, when a peak of D. laevis was observed in the reservoir. Our assumption is that the ingestion of this inorganic material can be a strategy used by D. laevis to obtain additional food supply.

  14. On the natural diet of Daphnia laevis in the eutrophic Pampulha reservoir (Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ESKINAZI-SANT'ANNA E. M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the major food items ingested by adult specimens of Daphnia laevis within the eutrophic Pampulha reservoir in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The gut content was analyzed after addition of sodium hypochlorite and also through the examination of dissected guts under scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that Chlorophyceae was the main food item ingested, representing c. 80.5% of the total ingested food. Moreover, Eutetramorus fottii, Coelastrum pseudomicroporum and Oocystis lacustris, the dominant phytoplankton species within the reservoir, were the most frequent cells found in the gut contents. Euglenophyta also represented an important food item accounting for 15% of the ingested material, including mainly Trachelomonas volvocina and Euglena oxyuris, although less abundant in the reservoir (< 10% of total phytoplankton. Blue-green algae occurred at much lower percentages in the guts than in the phytoplankton. A small amount of undigested Microcystis aeruginosa colonies were also found in the gut content of D. laevis. Scanning electron microscopy results showed that, besides phytoplankton cells, a great amount of abiogenic material was also ingested. The amount of this inorganic material increased considerably in the tract (from 15% to 75% of the gut content, when a peak of D. laevis was observed in the reservoir. Our assumption is that the ingestion of this inorganic material can be a strategy used by D. laevis to obtain additional food supply.

  15. Redes de investimento e o financiamento de campanhas em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Melo-Silva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O estado de Minas Gerais foi pioneiro no país a adotar um marco legal sobre as parcerias público-privadas (PPPs. A modernização do Estado, por um lado, teve como um de seus fiadores as relações de parceria entre o Estado e o mercado que, por outro lado, podem indicar a existência de dilemas sociais da democracia brasileira, como no financiamento privado das campanhas eleitorais. Por meio da sociologia estrutural dos relacionamentos, foram analisadas redes interorganizacionais de investimentos compostas por 127 atores, entre 2000 e 2014, com a identificação de quais atores financiaram candidatos a governador e partidos políticos nas eleições de 2002, 2006 e 2010. A pesquisa evidenciou a modernização do Estado com a especialização das organizações e indicou a influência do poder econômico no atendimento das demandas públicas e no financiamento privado das campanhas eleitorais.

  16. Technological level and epidemiological aspects of sheep husbandry in Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora M.G. Gouveia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Epidemiological and health aspects of sheep husbandry were assessed on 213 sheep flocks in 142 municipalities from the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. An updated questionnaire was filled out for each flock, requesting data on the farm, the flock and the farmer by the veterinarians of the State Government Agency for Animal Health (Instituto Mineiro de Agropecuária. Thirteen important variables were selected and scored to determine the technological level of the 117 farms; 0.9% of them was classified as high technological level, 45.3% as medium technological level and 53.0% as low technological level. Lamb production was the main objective of the farms and the main features were low-frequencies of individual identification of animals (16.9%, technical assistance (31.9%, use of quarantine for newly acquired animals (0.9% the separation of animals by age group (3.7% and requeste the sanitary certificate at purchasing of animals (11.7%. The main health problems reported were abortion (23.9%, keratoconjunctivitis (17.9%, contagious ecthyma (13.6%, pneumonia (10.3%, diarrhea (9.3% and caseous lymphadenitis (6.1%. Information of the epidemiological situation and the mainly health measures used in the sheep farms are important to improve the productivity and quality of the lamb.

  17. Social Representations of Aids among rural and urban youngsters on the state of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarete Moreira Coutinho e Silva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the representations of rural and urban youngsters on the subject of aids. It aims to verify if the intensification of the interaction between country and city that provides increasing access to both spaces results in a symbolic homogeneity on some aspects of the disease. The technological progress and the physical mobility advance promote this approach, which provides information to rural youngsters that put them in situations of consonance of attitudes and vulnerabilities in comparison with the urban youngsters. The research used data based on the sample of 131 students from the Curso Técnico em Agropecuária of the federal institute IF Sudeste de Minas Gerais – Campus Barbacena – amongst whom 40 residents in rural areas. The results reveal that the youngsters assume they are aware of aids, but their responses to the questionnaire betray a state of high vulnerability to the disease. The analysis is guided by the social representation theories and shows that stereotypes about diseases remain instilled in the symbolic countryside, collaborating to the convergence of opinions and conducts.

  18. VIOLÊNCIA AUTOINFLIGIDA E ANOS POTENCIAIS DE VIDA PERDIDOS EM MINAS GERAIS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Carolina Camargo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Estadísticas mundiales demuestran que aproximadamente un millón de personas han cometido violencia autoinfligida en 2000, y las consecuencias han sido alarmantes. Una persona muere por esta razón a cada 40 segundos y otra ataca su propia vida a cada tres segundos. Es un estudio exploratorio destinado al análisis epidemiológico de la mortalidad por violencia autoinfligida en el Estado de Minas Gerais, a través del cálculo de la tasa de mortalidad estandarizada y los años potenciales de vida perdidos. La tasa de mortalidad desde 1996 hasta 2007 fue de 4,29 muertes por cada 100.000 habitantes, superior en los hombres (6,9 que en las mujeres (1,73. La población de 40 a 59 años alcanzó a una tasa de mortalidad de 7,0 muertes para cada 100.000 habitantes. En relación con los años de vida perdidos, la edad promedio de muertes se mantuvo en alrededor de 40 años, lo que demuestra la pérdida de potencial social de los sujetos afectados por la violencia autoinfligida.

  19. Sociocultural aspects of schistosomiasis mansoni in an endemic area in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gazzinelli Andréa

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A study to determine the sociocultural factors influencing knowledge, attitudes, and practices of individuals from a small community toward Schistosoma mansoni infection was carried out in an endemic area in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The study used qualitative approaches to collect data from school-aged children and teachers. Specific findings were that the individuals interviewed were aware of the disease, but also held inaccurate popular beliefs about transmission. Misconceptions coexisted with accurate knowledge both in children and teachers. The disease was not seen as a major health problem and did not affect their activities since it did not cause severe symptoms in most of the individuals. Although the majority of the participants related transmission to water and lack of sanitation, they did not take any preventive measures since their subsistence is highly dependent on irrigation, farming, fishing, and other essential work that is directly related to water activities. The authors discuss the development of a health education program based on the knowledge and perception of individuals about the disease and its determinants as being important for the context and behavioral change.

  20. Diagnosis of thewheydestination in the mesoregion Campo das Vertentes, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiula Ferrarez Silva Gajo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to promote a diagnostic of the dairy producers that surrounds the area known as Campo das Vertentes, in Minas Gerais, Brazil. We evaluate the use of whey, the market prospects, and the obstacles to its commercialization. Brazil is the 4th larger producer of cheese in world, which implies in a large whey yield. Whey is a noble byproduct that deserves attention: it is composed by proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. Dairy producers registered at Federal Inspection Service (SIF were selected. It was applied a semi-structured questionnaire to the whey producers. The region of Campo das Vertentes consists mostly of small and medium-sized dairy producers. The most common destination of whey being the animal feed and donation, due to the lack of interest of the industries or lack of structure to take advantage or market the product. It was concluded that the use of whey by the dairy industry itself is certainly an alternative that adds economic value to the final product. Moreover, it takes in consideration the protection of the environment once it is not discarded as wastewater. It can be noted that there are barriers to the use of whey become a feasible practice.

  1. O AVANÇO NEOPROTESTANTE EM MINAS GERAIS - PERÍODO: 1991, 2000 e 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Henrique Palhares

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Os Censos Demográficos de 1991, 2000 e 2010 demonstraram que o crescimento das chamadas Igrejas Cristãs Reformadas, e consequentemente redução do Catolicismo vêm contribuindo de forma enfática para o anúncio de um novo cenário religioso no Brasil. Um levantamento exploratório da expansão das Igrejas Neoprotestantes em Minas Gerais demonstrou que o crescimento se faz em grande parte pela mesorregião do Vale do Rio Doce, possuindo também números expressivos distribuídos por todo o Estado, principalmente na sua Região Metropolitana. Os padrões religiosos encontrados no período em análise estão associados à preexistência de espaços não católicos, mais suscetíveis ao avanço de outras religiões; o terreno oportuno encontrado junto a uma população migrante desenraizada e necessitada de respostas para os dilemas financeiros e espirituais; e a urbanização acelerada, que favorece o surgimento de igrejas mais fluidas e dinâmicas, principalmente as igrejas neopentecostais.

  2. COMPARTIMENTAÇÃO MORFOESTRUTURAL DA BACIA DO RIO VERDE, SUL DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marques Neto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo divulga proposta de compartimentação morfoestrutural para a bacia do Rio Verde, localizada na parte meridional do Estado de Minas Gerais em terrenos da Serra da Mantiqueira, Planalto do Alto Rio Grande e Planalto de Varginha, apresentando litologias diversas (metagranitoides arqueanos, metassedimentos supracrustais proterozoicos e intrusões alcalinas cretáceo-paleocenas distribuídas em considerável diversidade de formas de relevo. A análise integrada entre a litologia, os lineamentos estruturais, a rede de drenagem e os padrões de formas de relevo discerniu os seguintes compartimentos morfoestruturais: Patamares de cimeira da Mantiqueira (desmembrados em cinco subcompartimentos, Patamares escalonados da Mantiqueira, Planalto de Cruzília-Minduri, Planalto alongado de Lambari, Planalto de São Lourenço-Caxambu, Planalto de Três Corações, Planalto rebaixado de Varginha e Cristas monoclinais. A compartimentação revelou forte controle morfoestrutural vinculado ao rifte continental do sudeste do Brasil associado a uma acentuada dinâmica morfotectônica sobreposta em função da interferência de efeitos diastróficos neotectônicos. Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE

  3. Quando e onde se acidentam e morrem os motociclistas em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugênio Paceli Hatem Diniz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo foi analisar a tendência dos acidentes de transporte terrestre com motociclistas em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, de 2007 a 2011, e identificar aglomerados e interseções das vias públicas de maior risco. Foram utilizadas as bases de dados da Polícia Militar e do Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU. Para identificar as interseções críticas foram calculadas as taxas de severidade dos acidentes. Utilizou-se duas técnicas de estatística espacial para analisar os aglomerados de acidentes: análise de kernel e estatística Scan (modelo de Poisson contínuo. Os aglomerados de risco de acidentes foram detectados na Região Central e nos corredores de tráfego. O risco de acidentes, inclusive fatais, foi maior em segmentos que nas interseções. As interseções críticas são rotas de acesso para as regiões da Grande Belo Horizonte. As taxas de mortalidade e de acidentes apresentaram duas tendências distintas. Além disso, a maioria dos óbitos ocorreu à noite. Justifica-se a importância da melhoria das rotas para os motociclistas e do transporte público.

  4. Self-perceived health among 'quilombolas' in northern Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Stéphany Ketllin Mendes; Pereira, Mayane Moura; Guimarães, Luiz Sena; Caldeira, Antônio Prates

    2015-09-01

    Over a century has passed since slavery was abolished in Brazil, yet quilombola communities remain socially vulnerable, especially when it comes to health. The goal of this study was to understand self-perceived health (SPH) in quilombola communities in Northern Minas Gerais, and the factors associated with their negative -perceived their own health. A household survey of a representative sample of quilombola communities in the study region. Validated tools were used to gather data about SPH, socioeconomic conditions, demographics, lifestyle and self-referred morbidity. Following a bivariate analysis, we proceeded to conduct a hierarchical logistics regression analysis. The prevalence of negative SPH was 46.0%. The following variables were statistically associated with negative SPH: age and years of schooling as distal variables, and high blood pressure, diabetes, arthritis, depression and back problems as proximal variables. SPH is associated with demographic and socioeconomic dimensions, and in particular with self-referred morbidity. The concept of health among the quilombola communities included in this study seems to be intimately linked to the absence of disease, especially chronic disease.

  5. Birds in an urban area of Ipatinga city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Loures-Ribeiro

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of urban areas results in changes of natural landscapes, including the creation of several artificial environments. Thus, many animals find new opportunities for survival in these areas. This study aimed to obtain information about the richness, composition, and frequency of occurrence of the trophic guilds of an urban avian community in Ipatinga city, Minas Gerais State, followed by a general description. Between August 2005 and July 2006, 81 days were spent in sampling. From the method of direct observation, 57 species were recorded. The richness estimate for the area was 74.86 species (Chao2. The number of species between rainy and dry periods did not differ (p>0.05. Trophic guilds remained with a ratio of relatively similar species throughout the year, with a predominance of the omnivores and insectivores. Species such as Pitangus sulphuratus, Furnarius rufus and Sicalis flaveola were favored in the open areas. Two exotic species, Columba livia and Passer domesticus, were abundant. These results emphasize the necessity of the existence of natural areas within the urban context, considering not only the protection of the wildlife, but also the improvement of the quality of life in the cities.

  6. OFERTA DOS CURSOS DE GRADUAÇÃO EM ENFERMAGEM NO ESTADO DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kênia Lara Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la distribución de la oferta de cursos de enfermería en el Estado de Minas Gerais y establecer los vínculos con las políticas públicas de educación. Estudio descriptivo y transversal cuya fuente fue la base de datos e-MEC del Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, consultada en febrero de 2010. Se utilizó el universo de los cursos de enfermería. Los datos indican que hay 126 cursos en el Estado en la modalidad presencial, se expandieron a partir del 2.000 y se concentran en las regiones más desarrolladas del Estado. El aumento del número de cursos se produjo sobre todo en las instituciones privadas y en los turnos nocturnos. La expansión de los cursos de enfermería está relacionada con las políticas públicas de educación. La autonomía pedagógica, administrativa y de gestión financiera de los institutos de enseñanza ayudan a aumentar el número de instituciones

  7. Uso de Plantas Medicinais por Famílias do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Jesus Barreto CRUZ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a utilização de plantas medicinais pelas famílias residentes no Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo tipo inquérito populacional domiciliar, amostra constituída por 555 domicílios selecionados de maneira aleatória simples por meio de amostragem por conglomerado de 137 setores censitários. Dos participantes, 73,51% relataram a utilização de plantas medicinais, sendo Mentha x piperita L., Mentha pulegium L. e Foeniculum vulgare Mill as mais citadas. Dos que utilizaram plantas medicinais, 48% preparavam por decocção, 46,8% por infusão, 77% aprenderam com os pais como utilizar e preparar. Foi observado que 90,7% obtiveram as plantas dos próprios quintais, 90,9% consumiam frescas e 94,4% achavam que não fazia mal. A utiliza- ção de plantas medicinais é comum nos municípios estudados. Assim, nota-se a necessidade de realização de pesquisa etnobotânica e capacitação dos profissionais de saúde para promover o uso racional de plantas medicinais.

  8. Prevalence of the use of homeopathy by the population of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Felício Rodrigues-Neto

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Homeopathy is a therapeutic system that uses small doses of substances to stimulate autoregulatory and self-healing processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of homeopathy by the population of Montes Claros, Brazil, and the socioeconomic profile of users. DESIGN AND SETTING: Probabilistic cross-sectional study with cluster sampling, in the city of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. METHODS: This study was conducted by applying semi-structured questionnaires. The sample was composed of 3,080 people. For the statistical analysis, Student's t test and the chi-square test were used. The statistical significance level used was P < 0.05. RESULTS: We interviewed 3,090 people. The prevalence of the use of homeopathy was 2.4%. The factors associated with its use were female gender, schooling and income. The main reason that led to seeking homeopathy was "Conventional treatment did not have any effect". For 70.2% of the users, the cost of the treatment was considered reasonable or cheap. About 73% were satisfied or very satisfied with the treatment received through homeopathy. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of the use of homeopathy found here was less than that reported in other countries. People with higher income and schooling levels used homeopathy more frequently. There was higher prevalence among women. Most users declared themselves satisfied with the treatment received.

  9. Physicochemical and microbiological aspects of honey produced in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Tavares Luiz

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Samples from ten brands of floral honey produced in different cities of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, were analyzed for their physicochemical and microbiological characteristics. The studied parameters were humidity, reducing sugars, apparent saccharose, insoluble solids, ashes, total acidity, diastatic activity, content of hydroxymethylfurfural; counting of filamentous fungi and yeasts, of sulfite-reducing Clostridia, of Staphylococcus aureus; Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp. detection, and numeration of total coliforms and Escherichia coli. All of these analyses followed official methodology. The physicochemical analyses indicated that a fraction of 60% (6/10 of evaluated brands were in disagreement with Brazilian legislation in, at least, one of analyzed parameters. Respecting to microbiological results, it was verified the presence of filamentous fungi and yeasts in five brands of honey; total coliforms and E. coli in two brands, and absence of any other microorganisms in all evaluated brands. Simultaneous presence of filamentous fungi and yeasts with total coliforms and E. coli was observed in one sample. The obtained results demonstrate that not all honey samples were in accordance to Brazilian legislation, and the presence of deteriorative and pathogenic microorganisms indicated a possible decrease in the product quality, and a potential risk to consumer.

  10. Spoligotyping of clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Spíndola de Miranda

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available We performed spoligotyping on 114 strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb complex that had been isolated from patients in Minas Gerais Health Units during 2004. A total of 82/114 (72% clinical isolates were clustered and 32/114 (28% were unique. Seven shared types containing nine strains were newly created. A total of nine patterns corresponded to unreported orphan strains, as evaluated against all of the strains recorded in the SITVIT2 proprietary database in the Institut Pasteur de la Guadeloupe. The major clades were composed of isolates that belong to the following genotypes: Latin-America and Mediterranean (63/114, 55.3% (the ill-defined T superfamily (12/114, 10.5%, Haarlem (8/114, 7%, X clade (6/114, 5.3%, S clade (3/114, 2.6% and the East-African Indian and Manu types, each with 1/114 (0.9% isolates. A considerable number of strains (n = 20, 17.5% showed patterns that did not fall within any of the previously described major clades. We conclude the bulk of tuberculosis (TB (92/114, 80.7% in our location is recent evolutionary strains that belong to the principal genetic groups 2/3. Further studies on epidemiology of TB are required to understand Mtb biodiversity and TB transmission in this region.

  11. Economia política da disputa por terras em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Francisco de Araujo Junior

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo estuda os determinantes da probabilidade de ocorrência de conflitos de terra, ocupações e assentamentos nos municípios mineiros. Os resultados apontam para a importância de fatores econômicos e políticos. Aparentemente, militantes pró-reforma agrária se adequam ao ciclo político, causando menos conflito em municípios governados por aliados. Por sua vez, a pobreza e o elevado crescimento arrefecem o ímpeto desses militantes.The article analyzes the determinants of the probability of dispute over land (conflicts, occupations and settlement projects in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. Through the use of a logit model, we found that the main influences are political and economical ones. Apparently, the behavior of the agrarian reform's supporters follows the political incentive, with fewer occurrences of conflicts in towns governed by political allies. By other hand, the economical determinants - degree of poverty and the economic growth - have negative impacts on it.

  12. PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA EM HOSPITAL DA MICRORREGIÃO DE OURO PRETO, MINAS GERAIS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Henrique Bianco de Souza

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A água representa o principal meio de transmissão de micro-organismos em centros de saúde, os quais podem causar infecções que são um grave problema de saúde pública. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica da água utilizada em um hospital da microrregião de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram coletadas doze amostras de água em pontos distintos para testes de detecção de coliformes totais e termotolerantes, assim como de outros microrganismos; além disso, testes de sensibilidade a antimicrobianos também foram realizados. A espécie bacteriana Pseudomonas aeruginosa foi detectada na amostra correspondente à água de enxágue de roupas limpas coletada na área limpa da lavanderia e foi identificada por coloração de Gram e análise automatizada utilizando o equipamento VITEK®. O isolado de P.aeruginosa mostrou-se sensível aos antibióticos usualmente utilizados no tratamento de infecções induzidas por esta bactéria, tais como cefalosporinas, fluorquinolonas, polimixinas e carbapenêmicos. Contudo, os resultados indicam a necessidade de maior atenção ao processo de higienização de roupas hospitalares, fato ainda negligenciado no Brasil.

  13. Growth dynamics of rubber tree clones in northwestern Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabela da Costa Terra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the growth of rubber tree clones ( Hevea brasiliensis (Willd.exA.Juss. Müll. Arg. in the Northwest region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Randomized blocks, constituted of three treatments (rubber tree clones and four repetitions were used, and evaluated as plots subdivided in time. Subplots represent the evaluations carried out at the ages 62, 77, 87, 99, 113 and 128 months after planting. It was evaluated survival, stem circumference and total plant height. Current annual increment and average annual increment of circumference and also the number of trees fit for rubber tapping were calculated. Results obtained indicate that clones GT 1, IAN 2880, IAC 15, RRIM 600, PB 235 and IAN 3156 have potential to establish under local edaphoclimatic conditions. Increase in plant height and stem circumference throughout the evaluation period makes it evident that the clones have different growing paces in the studied region. Clones GT 1, IAN 3087, IAN 3156 and PR 255 had larger stalk circumference at 128 months, and PR 255 was the only one fit for rubber tapping at the age of 128 months after planting.

  14. Partial diagnosis of street tree under power lines in West Regional of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altamir Fernandes de Oliveira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to present a partial diagnosis of street tree under power grid in five cities in the West Region of Minas Gerais, which had more power outages because of conflicts with trees. We identified 186 trees, belonging to 17 species of exotic origin and 30 species of native origin. The most frequent species were Poincianella pluviosa (30.43%, Ligustrum lucidum (10.86%, Michelia champaca (6.52% and Schinus molle (4.89%, which together amounted to 52.7% of the assessed trees. Most trees (84.78% were located in streets wider than 7 m, and 36.55% of the trees were planted in sidewalks with a minimum of 2 m wide. Those trees present ther first bifurcation at over 1.80 m above ground level. The pruning performed due to conflicts with the grid amounted 40.22%. Trees with height equal or over 6 m represents 72.83% of the sampled population. It was observed that there is not an appropriate management plan of urban trees under the grid, as the trees frequency is concentrate on few species that were mostly medium and large size.

  15. [Absenteeism profile in a state bank in Minas Gerais between 1998-2003].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Luiz Sérgio; Pinheiro, Tarcísio Márcio Magalhães; Sakurai, Emília

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this paper was to study the profile of absenteeism in a state bank and to establish the more frequent causes for sick leaves among the members of the staff. A cross-cut, descriptive and quantitative study was developed for approaching absenteeism and its most frequent causes in a state bank in the state of Minas Gerais between 1998 and 2003. The absenteeism rates were homogenous, with a decrease during the period of the study, except for the frequency rates, as a result of alterations in their numerators and denominators. The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases and mental disorders was of 33,25 and 22,21 leaves per 1,000 workers respectively. Leaves of women and workers in relatively low-pay positions, aged between 40 and 49, married, working in the institution for over 21 years predominated. The study indicated that sick leaves due to musculoskeletal diseases that where predominating before in the company are decreasing. On the other hand, there was an increase of cases of mental and behavioral disorders, indicating a possible change in the health profile. However, further studies will be necessary to corroborate these results.

  16. Food habits and risk of cardiovascular disease in schoolchildren from Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorene Gonçalves Coelho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between food habits and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in schoolchildren of the city Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a population-based sample of 738 schoolchildren aged 6-14 years. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for collecting demographic, socioeconomic, biochemical, clinical, and anthropometric data. Food intake was determined by a food-frequency questionnaire. Food habits were evaluated according to the adapted Recommended Food Score. Multiple linear regression models were constructed to assess how food consumption was associated with cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: The schoolchildren presented a dietary pattern characterized by low consumption of healthy foods. Association of cardiovascular risk factors showed that the consumption of foods according to the adapted Recommended Food Score was negatively and significantly associated with tetrapolar percentage of body fat (p=0.030 and systolic blood pressure (p=0.049 in children aged 6-9 years. CONCLUSION: Children's dietary patterns proved to be an important determinant of some of the cardiovascular risk factors studied. Thus, food intake assessment is a primary tool for the prevention and early intervention on cardiovascular risk factors during childhood.

  17. Prevalence of changes in oral mucosa in adults in the population of Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Henrique

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal alterations among Brazilian adults of the Uberaba, city of Minas Gerais state of Brazil. Methods: A random sample of age, gender, and race was obtained comprising 1 006 individuals over the age of twenty years. Individuals were interviewed and examined according to the Marcucci guide1. Results: Prevalence of oral mucosal alterations in the sample was 54.4%, with 32.2% presenting oral mucosal lesions and 35.2% with normal alterations (12.6% of the individuals exhibited the two conditions. The most common lesion was gingivitis (6.6% followed by candidiasis (4.5%, fibroma (3.2%, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (3.1%, actinic cheilitis (2.4%, traumatic ulcers (1.7% mucocele (1.2%, minor aphta (1.2%, oral leukoplakia (1.2%. Sublingual varix was the most frequent (9.9% among the normality conditions, followed by Fordyce spot (6.6%, fissured tongue (3.2%, leukoedema (3.1%, geographic tongue (2.7%, torus mandibularis (2.1%, linea alba (2.1%, hairy tongue (1.4%, torus palatinus (1.0%. Biopsies were performed in 31 clinically indicated cases and no case of oral cancer was observed. Conclusion: Conditions observed among this Brazilian population were essentially the same as those that have been described in other populations around the world. Different factors increased the probability of specific oral mucosal conditions.

  18. Evaluating karst geotechnical risk in the urbanized area of Sete Lagoas, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvão, Paulo; Halihan, Todd; Hirata, Ricardo

    2015-11-01

    An increase in groundwater consumption in the municipality of Sete Lagoas (Minas Gerais, Brazil) has induced subsidence and collapse in the last three decades. The area is associated with natural karst conditions. The primary objective of this research was to evaluate and identify the potential subsidence or collapse risk zones. Aerial photographs, lithologic well profiles, optical well logs, and geologic mapping were utilized to categorize risk factors influencing karst subsidence and collapse, which were then applied to an index system. The study showed that the majority of the urbanized area overlies mantled limestone from the Sete Lagoas Formation covered with unconsolidated sediments, contained within a graben, resulting in barrier boundaries for groundwater flow. This structure, together with natural karst processes, explains the location of solutionally enlarged bedding-plane conduits and high hydraulic conductivity in the limestone. Five risks zones in the municipality were identified (negligible, low, moderate, considerable, and high risks) related to geologic and hydrologic risk factors. The urbanized area is located largely in the high risk zone where the majority of the collapse features are located. Additional intensive groundwater extraction in that area will likely generate additional events.

  19. Dental caries and endemic dental fluorosis in rural communities, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Simone de Melo; Abreu, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimaraes; Vargas, Andrea Maria Duarte; Vasconcelos, Mara; Ferreira e Ferreira, Efigenia; Castilho, Lia Silva de

    2013-12-01

    It is observational, analytical and cross-sectional aimed to evaluate the association between severity and prevalence of fluorosis and dental caries in rural communities with endemic dental fluorosis in the north state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, with fluoride concentrations in water up to 4.8 mg/L. Data were collected by one examiner (intra-examiner kappa, 0.96 to 0,95 for caries and fluorosis) after toothbrushing. The study included 511 individuals aged 7 - 22 years, categorized according to age: 7 - 9 years (n = 227), 10 to 12 years (n = 153), 13 to 15 years (n = 92), 16 to 22 years (n = 39). For the diagnosis of dental caries used the criteria of the World Health Organization to measure indices DMFT. For fluorosis used the index Thylstrup and Fejerskov (TF), dichotomized according to prevalence (TF = 0 and TF > 0) and severity (TF 5). In the two younger groups, the DMFT and its decay component were higher in the group with more severe fluorosis (p 0.05). The association was found between the conditions more severe fluorosis and caries in individuals under 12 years.

  20. Dental caries and endemic dental fluorosis in rural communities, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone de Melo Costa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available It is observational, analytical and cross-sectional aimed to evaluate the association between severity and prevalence of fluorosis and dental caries in rural communities with endemic dental fluorosis in the north state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, with fluoride concentrations in water up to 4.8 mg/L. Data were collected by one examiner (intra-examiner kappa, 0.96 to 0,95 for caries and fluorosis after toothbrushing. The study included 511 individuals aged 7 - 22 years, categorized according to age: 7 - 9 years (n = 227, 10 to 12 years (n = 153, 13 to 15 years (n = 92, 16 to 22 years (n = 39. For the diagnosis of dental caries used the criteria of the World Health Organization to measure indices DMFT. For fluorosis used the index Thylstrup and Fejerskov (TF, dichotomized according to prevalence (TF = 0 and TF > 0 and severity (TF 5. In the two younger groups, the DMFT and its decay component were higher in the group with more severe fluorosis (p 0.05. The association was found between the conditions more severe fluorosis and caries in individuals under 12 years.

  1. Dinâmica da estrutura diamétrica da regeneração natural de espécies arbóreas e arbustivas no sub-bosque de povoamento puro de Mimosa scabrella Bentham, em área minerada, em Poços de Caldas, MG Diametric struture dynamics for tree and shrub natural regeneration understory within pure stands of Mimosa scabrella Bentham planted on a mined-out site at Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Eloi Nappo

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available A área do Retiro-Branco, de propriedade da Companhia Geral de Minas, subsidiária da ALCOA Alumínio S.A., foi minerada para a extração de bauxita de 1978 até 1981. Em 1982/1983, essa área teve seu processo de reabilitação implementado mediante a hidrossemeadura de gramíneas e leguminosas e o plantio puro de Mimosa scabrella Bentham. Em 1997 foi realizado o primeiro inventário da regeneração natural do Retiro-Branco, aravés da implantação de 19 parcelas permanentes para caracterização inicial do processo de sucessão natural. E em 2000 foi realizado o segundo inventário dessas parcelas para caracterizar o processo de dinâmica da regeneração, o objeto deste trabalho. O processo de dinâmica da regeneração natural foi caracterizado mediante análises quantitativas e qualitativas da distribuição diamétrica. Os estudos indicaram que o monitoramento mediante inventário florestal contínuo, com parcelas permanentes setorizadas, é uma ferramenta viável para avaliações da dinâmica da regeneração natural, rumo à compreensão dos caminhos da sucessão. Foi caracterizado o processo de estratificação da regeneração natural, em que as espécies pioneiras e clímax foram as principais componentes do estrato inferior e as secundárias, as principais componentes do estrato superior. O povoamento florestal do Retiro-Branco está sobre intensa atividade de estruturação, caracterizando o estágio inicial do processo de sucessão. As espécies secundárias são as de maior dominância nas maiores classes de altura e de diâmetro, sendo as principais responsáveis pela edificação do estrato superior. A prognose da distribuição diamétrica, realizada mediante o emprego da Cadeia de Markov, foi uma ferramenta de fácil implementação e que permitiu prever o caminho do processo de sucessão para o povoamento todo e para os grupos ecológicos de espécies, ampliando o entendimento dos mecanismos que regem o comportamento

  2. Medicina complementar e alternativa: utilização pela comunidade de Montes Claros, Minas Gerais Complementary and alternative medicine: use in Montes Claros, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joao Felício Rodrigues Neto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência de utilização e o perfil socioeconômico do usuário de medicina complementar e alternativa pela população de Montes Claros (MG. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, analítico. A amostra foi probabilística, por conglomerados, sendo a unidade amostral o domicílio e os entrevistados de ambos os sexos e maiores de 18 anos. Os dados foram coletados em uma cidade de porte médio de Minas Gerais utilizando formulários semi-estruturados. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistadas 3.090 pessoas. A prevalência de uso de medicina complementar e alternativas foi, quando consideradas somente as que envolvem custos, como homeopatia, acupuntura, quiropraxia, medicina ortomolecular, técnicas de relaxamento/meditação e massagem, de 8,93% e 70%, quando incluímos todas as terapias arguidas. As prevalências foram: oração a Deus (52%, remédios populares (30,9%, exercícios físicos (25,5%, benzedeiras (15%, dietas populares (7,1%, massagem (4,9%, relaxamento/meditação (2,8%, homeopatia (2,4%, grupos de autoajuda (1,9%, quiropraxia (1,7%, acupuntura (1,5% e medicina ortomolecular (0,2%. Mulheres, católicos, casados, melhor renda e escolaridade estiveram associados de forma positiva com a utilização das terapias que envolvem custos. CONCLUSÃO: Medicina complementar e alternativa é utilizada por número significativo da população. Gênero, religião, estado civil, renda e escolaridade estiveram associados positivamente com utilização de terapias alternativas. O acesso das pessoas de menor renda e escolaridade à medicina complementar e alternativa poderia aumentar a prevalência de utilização daquelas formas que envolvem custos.OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence of utilization and social and economic profile of those using complementary and alternative medicine in the medium sized Brazilian city of Montes Claros, MG. METHODS: A transversal descriptive study was conducted. The sample of 3090 people was probabilistic, by

  3. Antes das Minas Gerais: conquista e ocupação dos sertões mineiros Before Minas Gerais: conquest and occupation of the captaincy's hinterland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Alves Carrara

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo passa-se em revista a história da conquista e ocupação das terras do vale do São Francisco, cuja trama há quase um século adquiriu sua versão definitiva na historiografia tradicional, em vários capítulos a respeito a da "expansão geográfica", como em Basílio de Magalhães; ou b da "história territorial", por Felisbelo Freire; ou c dos "caminhos antigos e povoamento do Brasil", como em Capistrano de Abreu, autor que, se não o primeiro, sem dúvida foi o que mais influiu na tessitura do enredo. Aqui, contudo, os objetivos são distintos, apesar de suas fontes arquivísticas permanecerem inescapavelmente as mesmas. Parte-se do pressuposto de que, na segunda metade do século XVII, encerrou-se o processo de conquista do território às tribos indígenas estabelecidas na margem direita do alto-médio São Francisco. Sob esta perspectiva, ao invés de repetir, mais uma vez, a história das expedições ao interior do Brasil, o que aqui se busca é encontrar o lugar que estas expedições ocuparam nesse processo de conquista e ocupação territorial, que logo em seguida tornaram possível a articulação, tanto da costa com os sertões, quanto dos diferentes sertões entre si.This article aims at reviewing the history of the conquest and occupation of the San Francisco river valley, in Minas Gerais. The definite version of which was established more than a century ago, in several chapters concerning a the geographical expansion, as named by Basílio de Magalhaes; or b the territorial history, by Felisbelo Freire; or c the ancient routes and settlement of Brazil, as in Capistrano de Abreu. Here, meanwhile, the objectives are quite different, despite their archival sources be inescapably the same. It is assumed that in the second half of the sixteenth century the process of conquest of the territories occupied by indian tribes settled in the right bank of the San Francisco river had come to an end. Under this prospect, in spite

  4. Spatial-temporal analysis of water requirements of coffee crop in Minas Gerais State, Brazil Análise espaço-temporal da demanda hídrica do cafeeiro, no Estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis C. de A. Lemos Filho

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Scientific investigations about crop water requirements are of fundamental importance to the irrigation process. The main objective of this paper is to analyze and to map water requirements of coffee crop in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Potential evapotranspiration values (ET0 were estimated by the Penman-Monteith-FAO method, using daily data sets available for 42 National Meteorology Institute (INMET stations for a period of 17 years. The crop coefficient values (kc considered were extracted from literature. The results were analyzed by means of geostatistical tools. The theoretical semi-variograms were fitted by the Maximum Likelihood method, considering spherical, exponential and Gaussian models. The maps were created using the ordinary kriging method. In a general way, the results have showed that the coffee crop evapotranspiration (ETc presents high variability in Minas Gerais State. The largest variations, both spatial and temporal, have been observed in the northern part of the State. January and June, respectively, presented the highest and the smallest water requirements of coffee crop. Based on this, we can conclude that due to the coffee crop evapotranspiration (ETc data distinction in different regions of Minas Gerais, a good estimate of the ETc values for each locality will bring many benefits to the coffee growers regarding irrigation scheduling.O conhecimento de informações que expressam a demanda hídrica das plantas, é fundamental para a irrigação. O objetivo principal desta pesquisa foi analisar a demanda hídrica para o cafeeiro em Minas Gerais. Os valores de ET0, estimados pelo método de Penman-Monteith-FAO a partir de dados diários originados de registros de 42 estações climatológicas do INMET, se referem a um período de 17 anos. Os valores de coeficiente de cultura (kc adotado no estudo, são os citados por Allen et al. (1998 e Doorenbos & Pruitt (1997. As análises dos resultados são feitas através da geoestat

  5. EMBRAPA 22: nova cultivar de trigo para Minas Gerais, Goiás e Distrito Federal EMBRAPA 22: a new wheat cultivar recommended to the brazilian states of Minas Gerais, Goiás, and Federal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Maria Vilela de Andrade

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available A Embrapa-Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária dos Cerrados (CPAC, a Embrapa-Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Trigo (CNPT, a Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais (Epamig, a Empresa Goiana de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Emgopa, atual Emater-GO e a Cooperativa Agropecuária Mista do Programa de Assentamento Dirigido do Alto Paranaíba (Coopadap-MG, recomendaram uma nova cultivar de trigo -- EMBRAPA 22 -- para plantio no sistema de cultivo irrigado por aspersão nos estados de Goiás e Minas Gerais e no Distrito Federal. Recentemente, a cultivar foi recomendada também para os estados de Mato Grosso e Bahia. EMBRAPA 22 é originária de cruzamentos realizados no Centro Internacional de Melhoramento de Milho e Trigo (CIMMYT, situado no México. Foi selecionada na Embrapa-CPAC entre diversas linhas avançadas enviadas pelo CIMMYT e identificada em ensaios da rede experimental da região central do Brasil como linhagem CPAC 841153. A cultivar possui glúten forte e estabilidade alta, que conferem a ela uma classificação superior quanto à qualidade industrial, além de apresentar ainda ciclo precoce, alta produtividade, resistência à ferrugem-do-colmo e ferrugem-da-folha, em condições de campo, tolerância à debulha e moderada tolerância ao acamamento. Em experimentos conduzidos em Goiás e Distrito Federal, a EMBRAPA 22 produziu 6% a mais que a testemunha Anahuac, e em Minas Gerais, 4%.In a joint research program the Embrapa-Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária dos Cerrados (CPAC, the Embrapa-Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Trigo (CNPT, the Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais (Epamig, the Empresa Goiana de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Emgopa, todays Emater-GO, and the Cooperativa Agropecuária Mista do Programa de Assentamento Dirigido do Alto Paranaíba (Coopadap-MG, released a new cultivar -- EMBRAPA 22 -- indicated for areas with splinkler irrigation in the States of Goiás and Minas Gerais, and Federal District. Recently this

  6. Detection of antimicrobial and anthelmintic residues in bulk tank milk from four different mesoregions of Minas Gerais State - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.M.O.P. Cerqueira

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a presença de resíduos antimicrobianos (ceftiofur, estreptomicinas, quinolonas, tetraciclinas, tianfenicol e tilosina e anti-helmínticos (benzimidazóis, aminobenzimidazóis, levamisol, avermectinas, tiabendazóis, moxidectina e triclabendazóis em, respectivamente, 70 e 83 amostras de leite cru provenientes de quatro mesorregiões (Triângulo Mineiro/Alto Paranaíba, Central Mineira, Oeste de Minas e Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte do estado de Minas Gerais. Este estudo demonstrou a presença de quinolonas (2,86%, estreptomicinas (2,86% e tetraciclinas (11,43% nas amostras de leite cru analisadas. Ademais, observou-se expressiva porcentagem de amostras de leite cru positivas para os anti-helmínticos amino- benzimidazóis (55,42%, levamisol (53,57%, avermectinas (60,24%, tiabendazóis (67.47%, moxidectina (73,49% e triclabendazóis (45,78%, e em menor porcentagem os benzimidazóis (6,02%. Desta forma, os resultados do presente estudo indicam que os resíduos de antimicrobianos e anti-helmínticos no leite em Minas Gerais devem ser constantemente monitorados pelas autoridades competentes com intuito de oferecer aos consumidores um alimento sem riscos à saúde humana.

  7. Evaluation of the Nuclear Medicine facilities in Minas Gerais state: quality control program of equipment; Avaliacao dos servicos de Medicina Nuclear do estado de Minas Gerais: programa de controle de qualidade dos equipamentos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kubo, Tadeu Takao Almodovar; Biancardi, Rodrigo; Rocha, Adriana Marcia Guimaraes; Ferreira, Denia Romao; Silva, Franciele Aquiles Anjos; Assuncao, Jonathan Buenos Aires; Alves, Ederson Henrique; Almeida, Ana Flavia Batista; Alves, Nathalia Fernandes; Xavier, Faber Henrique Zacarias; Gontijo, Rodrigo Modesto Gadelha; Mamede, Marcelo, E-mail: mamede.mm@gmail.com [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento Anatomia e Imagem

    2017-11-01

    With the reformulation of the CNEN-NN-3.05 standard in December 2013, Brazil's Nuclear Medicine (NMS) services have to perform a greater number of quality controls for SPECT and PET equipment. However, little is known about the reality of the quality control programs of these services regarding the application of the new standard. Thus, in this context, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the quality control program of MNSs in the state of Minas Gerais. All NMSs in the state of Minas Gerais were invited to participate in the project. Of these, 34.48% (20 facilities) agreed to participate in the project, 50.00% (29 facilities) did not respond to the invitation and 15.52%(9 facilities) declined their participation. Thus, as of November 2015, 20 SPECT and 2 PET/CT equipment were evaluated for the performance of the quality control tests recommended by the new CNEN standard. The phantoms required for the evaluation came from the Laboratory of Dosimetry and Quality Control of UFMG. Even with the deadlines set by CNEN for the implementation of the quality control program in the NMSs, more than 50% of the evaluated services did not implement the quality controls, and the absence of specific phantoms is the main reason for the failure. Among the problems found in the installations, the most critical were: collimators with no conditions of use in the clinical routine, linearity problems of the evaluated image and values of image uniformity superior to the limits of acceptance. Problems in the uniformity and linearity of the image found directly impacted the performance of other tests, such as spatial resolution, SPECT performance, among others. In a general way, the NMSs in the state of Minas Gerais evaluated with the present study are in clinical feasible conditions. (author)

  8. Os provedores da técnica: os engenheiros provinciais e a edificação da infraestrutura viária de Minas Gerais Purveyors of technology: provincial engineers and the construction of road infrastructure in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidiany Silva Barbosa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Analisa a atuação de engenheiros na constituição da infraestrutura viária de Minas Gerais entre as décadas de 1840 e 1880. Construir estradas e pontes e conservá-las com regularidade foi tarefa desempenhada pelo governo provincial mineiro que, desde a década de 1830, contava com repartição voltada para projetar, edificar e manter vias de comunicação consideradas públicas. Os engenheiros inseriram-se nessa agência desde sua fundação, atuando de forma significativa na elaboração de projetos e na execução direta de determinadas obras. O estudo fundamenta-se na documentação administrativa que relatava ao governo provincial detalhes do andamento das obras. O acervo gerado no transcurso das intervenções oferece informações técnicas, administrativas, financeiras, da mão de obra e dos agentes envolvidos com as construções.The article analyzes the role played by engineers in the construction of road infrastructure in Minas Gerais between the 1840s and 1880s. Building and providing regular maintenance for roads and bridges was a task carried out by the Minas Gerais provincial government, which since the 1830s had a specific agency assigned to designing, building, and maintaining public communication routes. Engineers were part of the agency from its inception, playing a significant role in designing projects and in the actual execution of certain works. The current study is grounded in administrative documentation in which the details of work progress are reported to the provincial government. The gathered records provide technical, administrative, and financial information, along with data on labor power and the agents engaged in construction works.

  9. Evaluation of multiple scan average dose (MSAD) levels in computerized tomography in Minas Gerais state, Brazil; Avaliacao dos niveis de dose media em cortes multiplos (MSAD) em tomografia computadorizada no estado de Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Thessa C., E-mail: alonso@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento de Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Vieira, Leandro de A.; Barbosa, Nayra V.; Oliveira, Jeyselaine R. de; Cesar, Adriana C.Z. [Secretaria de Vigilancia Sanitaria de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Silva, Teogenes A. da [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear. Programa de Ciencias e Tecnicas Nucleares

    2014-07-01

    Computed Tomography (CT) grows every year and is a diagnostic method that has revolutionized radiology with advances in procedures for obtaining image. However, the indiscriminate use of this method generates relatively high doses in patients. The diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) is a practical tool to promote the evaluation of existing protocols. The optimization and the periodic review of the protocols are important to balance the risk of radiation. The present study aims to conduct a survey of levels of MSAD of Minas Gerais following the procedures recommended by current Brazilian law. (author)

  10. Economia de água e energia em projetos de irrigação suplementar no Estado de Minas Gerais Water and energy savings in supplemental irrigation projects in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto A. de Faria

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dados climatológicos cedidos pelo Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET e pela Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL, foram usados em um modelo de balanço hídrico associado a um sistema de informações geográficas, para gerar mapas temáticos do Estado de Minas Gerais apresentando as classes de demanda de irrigação real necessária (demanda total e de irrigação suplementar real necessária (demanda suplementar para a cultura do milho (Zea mays L. Gerou-se, um mapa, no qual se registraram as diferenças entre a demanda de irrigação total e a suplementar, para verificar a conveniência de incluir ou não a contribuição das precipitações em um projeto de irrigação localizado no Estado de Minas Gerais, e outro mapa temático em que se estimou o custo de não se considerar a precipitação no manejo do projeto.Climatologic data from the 'Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia' (INMET and 'Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica' (ANEEL were used in the water balance model associated with a geographical information system in order to generate a number of thematic maps of Minas Gerais State regarding the classes of the true irrigation demand (total demand and the demand for actual supplemental irrigation (supplemental demand for corn crop (Zea mays L. A map was generated, where the differences between the total irrigation demand and the supplemental one were registered to verify the usefulness of including the contribution of the rainfall in an irrigation project for Minas Gerais State, besides another thematic map in which the cost of not considering the effect of rainfall in the project management was included.

  11. El Niño: ocorrência e duração dos veranicos do Estado de Minas Gerais El Niño: occurrence and duration of dry spells in the State of Minas Gerais - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosandro B. Minuzzi

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de caracterizar o início do período chuvoso (IPC, a quantidade de chuvas durante o período chuvoso (PC e a ocorrência e duração dos veranicos em anos de ocorrência da fase quente do fenômeno climático El Niño-Oscilação Sul (ENOS, analisaram-se dados de precipitação pluvial de 123 localidades do Estado de Minas Gerais e as relações entre a duração dos períodos chuvosos (DPC e/ou os IPCs com os veranicos de duração de três a seis dias (A e de sete a dez dias (B, e os IPCs com os totais pluviométricos durante os PCs com os veranicos de classes A e B, respectivamente. Os resultados indicaram uma característica marcante do El Niño em ocasionar chuvas abaixo da média no nordeste do Estado e chuvas acima da média climática no sudoeste de Minas Gerais. As estiagens ao norte e nordeste do Estado corresponderam a períodos superiores a 15 dias e as chuvas acima da média, no sudoeste, foram melhor correlacionadas com os veranicos de duração de três a seis dias.Daily precipitation data from 123 locations of the State of Minas Gerais were analyzed to characterize the beginning of the rainy season (IPC, the amount of rainfall during the rainy season (PC and the occurrence and length of the dry spell in years associated to El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO. The relationship between the duration of rainy season (DPC, begining of the rainy period and the dry spells from three to six days (A; from seven to ten days (B and the IPC with the rainfall during the rainy periods with dry spells (A and (B were also studied. The results showed that ENSO is related to rainfall below historical average in the northeastern region of the State of Minas Gerais, and to rainfalls above the climatic average in the southwestern region. The duration of the dry spells in the northern and northeastern region of the state were higher than 15 days, and the rainfall above normal in the southwestern part of the state were better correlated

  12. Estudos em "sempre-vivas": taxonomia com ênfase nas espécies de Minas Gerais, Brasil Studies in "sempre-vivas" (everlasting plants: taxonomy foccusing the species from Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Giulietti

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available "Sempre-vivas" é o nome dado no Brasil a partes de plantas, geralmente escapos e inflorescências, que conservam a aparência de estruturas vivas mesmo depois de destacadas e secas e que são comercializadas e exportadas para decoração de interiores. Folhas, frutos e sementes também são utilizados, mas em menor escala. As espécies de "sempre-vivas" são oriundas dos cerrados do Centro-Oeste e Sudeste do Brasil e, as de maior valor comercial, dos campos rupestres de Minas Gerais, Bahia e Goiás. Entre estas, predominam espécies de Eriocaulaceae, Poaceae (Gramineae, Xyridaceae, Cyperaceae e Rapateaceae, em ordem decrescente de importância. O maior centro de comercialização é a cidade de Diamantina, em Minas Gerais, com 25 espécies de Eriocaulaceae, 12 de Poaceae, 9 de Xyridaceae, 2 de Cyperaceae e 1 de Rapateaceae. São apresentadas chaves para identificação dos gêneros, baseadas em caracteres do material comercializado, além de breves descrições, ilustrações, listagem de material analisado, nomes populares e comentários sobre as espécies."Sempre-vivas" is the name given in Brazil to parts of plants, usually scapes and inflorescences, that conserve the appearance of the living structures even after dryed out (everlasting. They are sold locally and exported for interior decoration. In a smaller scale, leaves, fruits and seeds are also used. "Sempre-vivas" species are gathered in the savanna-like formations ("cerrados" of the Central-West and Southeast regions of Brazil, while species of greater commercial value originate from the grasslands with rocky outcrops ("campos rupestres" from the States of Minas Gerais, Bahia and Goiás. Species of Eriocaulaceae, Poaceae (Gramineae, Xyridaceae, Cyperaceae and Rapateaceae predominate in a decreasing order. The largest commercial center for this material is the city of Diamantina, in the State of Minas Gerais, where 25 species of Eriocaulaceae, 12 of Poaceae, 9 of Xyridaceae, 2 of

  13. Zoneamento climático associado ao potencial produtivo da cultura do café no Estado de Minas Gerais Climatic zoning associated to the productive potential of coffee crop in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adão W. P. Evangelista

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Os sistemas de informações geográficas podem ser considerados instrumentos para mapear e indicar respostas às várias questões sobre o planejamento urbano e regional, o meio rural e levantamento dos recursos renováveis. A execução do zoneamento climático para a cultura do café, utilizando-se sistemas de informações geográficas, proporciona resultados mais satisfatórios, visto que os dados inicialmente coletados são armazenados, facilitando sua manipulação e análise e exibindo um resultado final de melhor qualidade, quando comparado com outros métodos mais tradicionais. As características agroclimáticas das diversas regiões influenciam, diferentemente, a produtividade final da cultura do café. Assim, este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar o grau de correspondência entre o zoneamento climático para a cultura do café e o potencial produtivo da cultura no Estado de Minas Gerais. O zoneamento climático mostrou-se eficiente na delimitação das regiões climaticamente homogêneas quanto à capacidade produtiva da cultura do café no Estado; Minas Gerais apresenta 37% de seu território com condições adequadas ao cultivo do café, 45% com alguma restrição e 18% são considerados inaptos; as áreas aptas ao cultivo do café se concentram no Centro-Sul do Estado.The geographical information system (GIS is a data management computational program, which is used to capture, store, recover, analyze and exhibit the geographically referenced space data. So, it is an important tool in elaboration of the climatic zonings, besides making the work faster and exhibiting a better-quality final result as compared to other traditional methods. The climatic characteristics of the areas may influence the final productivity of the coffee crop in different ways. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the degree of correspondence between climatic zoning and the productive potential for coffee crop in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

  14. Spatial variability of the rainfall erosivity in southern region of Minas Gerais state, Brazil Variabilidade espacial da erosividade da chuva na região sul de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regimeire Freitas Aquino

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Rainfall erosivity and its spatial variability were studied for 54 pluviometric stations in Southern Minas Gerais State (48º00' - 44º00'W; 23º50' - 20º00'S, aiming to plan the land-use strategies. Therefore, erosivity factor was determined for the pluviometric stations, using long-term rainfall data sets obtained along with the Brazilian National Water Agency- ANA, which varied from 15 to 40 years. The monthly and annual erosivity indexes were generated using Fournier equation for Lavras, MG and the spatial distribution of rainfall erosivity was studied on the basis of geostatistical approaches considering only the distance which separates them, developing the isotropic experimental semivariogram. The semivariogram adjustment was done based on the Weighted Least Squares method and the spatial dependence degree. Once the structure and the semivariogram adjustment were defined, the ordinary kriging maps were created, providing erosivity spatial behavior in Southern Minas Gerais. It was observed that the Southern Minas Gerais presents high erosivity patterns, ranging from 5,145 to 7,776 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 year-1, in Ijaci (north of region and Itajubá (southern region, respectively. Besides, it was verified that the erosivity indexes are intensely influenced by the topography, associated with climatic conditions. Higher erosivity is connected to areas with a higher altitude, such as along the Mantiqueira Range Mountain, and on high plateaus and mountain ranges in the North-Central part of the region. The geostatistical approach using long-term rainfall data in Southern region of Minas Gerais state, which is a relatively heterogeneous region in terms of altitude, soil depth and slope, showed to be adequate to the proposal of this study.Foram estudadas a erosividade e sua variabilidade espacial para cinquenta e quatro estações pluviométricas do Sul de Minas Gerais (48º00' - 44º00'W; 23º50' - 20º00'S visando à implementação do planejamento

  15. De Estradas e Súditos: turismo e cidadania em uma comunidade tradicional de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Lacerda Arndt

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo discute as possibilidades de desenvolvimento, por meio do turismo, em Milho Verde, Minas Gerais. Remanescente da exploração de minerais preciosos da região de Diamantina, a pequena localidade inseriu-se na demanda turística contemporânea trazendo estruturas tradicionais – sociais, culturais e econômicas – em grande medida inalteradas, preservadas pela depressão das atividades econômicas no Vale do Jequitinhonha após o declínio da mineração. Já confrontada por uma série de impactos ecológicos, culturais e urbanísticos relacionados à visitação turística, a comunidade, junto com os empreendimentos informais de turismo estabelecidos pela população, está sendo incorporada a um contexto ampliado e intensificado de solicitações externas, determinado pela implementação de propostas planificadas de fomento à atividade turística – o Prodetur NE II e o roteiro de atrações históricas, culturais e ecológicas Estrada Real. Contemplando a necessidade de manutenção de condições comunitárias e ecológicas que perpetuem a atratividade turística, o artigo avalia o papel da autonomia sociopolítica local como requisito para a consecução de uma proposta de desenvolvimento. Palavras-chave: desenvolvimento sustentável; turismo social; Estrada Real; Prodetur NE II; turismo solidário. Abstract The article discusses the possibilities of development, by means of the tourism, in Milho Verde community, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A remaining of the exploration of precious minerals in the region of Diamantina, the small locality was inserted in the contemporary touristic demand bringing traditional structures – social, cultural and economic – largely unaltered, preserved by the depression of the economic activity that affected all the Jequitinhonha Valley after the decline of the mining activity. Already confronted to a series of ecological, cultural and urbanistic impacts related to the touristic

  16. Hydrochemical and isotopic studies in two neighboring river basins in semiarid regions of Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Vinícius G.; Moreira, Rubens M.; Carvalho, Carlos A., E-mail: vinicius.ferreira@cdtn.br, E-mail: rubens@cdtn.br, E-mail: cacf@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Serviço de Meio Ambiente

    2017-07-01

    Groundwater is the largest reservoir of fresh water on Earth and the depletion of aquifer systems is a reality, both in semi-arid and humid regions. The hydrology of watersheds is a field of study that is concerned with the movement of waters from the rains and its physical-chemical changes. Groundwater resources in these regions are a sensitive issue, requiring careful management to avoid quality degradation. The present study focuses the groundwater system at the interface of the Pandeiros and Peruaçu river basins in the northwest region of Minas Gerais State. The methods used were the evaluations of the hydrochemistry, as well as isotopic, and physicochemical parameters, allied to geological studies to investigate surface and groundwater, their possible interactions and spatial distribution. The hydrochemical results correlated with the physicochemical measurements show water contrasts in the study area, which is geologically composed from bottom to top by gneisses and granites (Januaria Complex), limestone and siltstones (Bambuí Group), sandstones and eluvial sediments (Urucuia Group), eluvio-coluvial cover and alluvial deposits. It has been observed that waters in the context of sandstones and siliceous sediments are sodium bicarbonate waters, slightly acidic pH and low in TDS, whereas waters in pedological / geologic context of limestones are calcium bicarbonate waters exhibiting basic pH and high TDS. The deuterium (D) and oxygen-18 signatures of the groundwater are compared to the global meteoric water line (GMWL). The average values of the isotopes in the study area are slightly variable, indicating that the isotopic signatures are related to rainfall precipitation. It has been possible to suggest an evaporation line pattern starting from the position of springs, passing though streams and finally ending in the lagoon. The local evaporation line can be represented by the equation δD = 5,8 δ{sup 18}O - 2,4. (author)

  17. Rural tourism as risk factor for the transmission of schistosomiasis in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enk, Martin J; Caldeira, Roberta L; Carvalho, Omar S; Schall, Virginia T

    2004-01-01

    Recently, the booming rural tourism in endemic areas of the state of Minas Gerais was identified as a contributing factor in the dissemination of the infection with Schistosoma mansoni. This article presents data from six holiday resorts in a rural district approximately 100 km distant from Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, where a possibly new and until now unperceived way of transmission was observed. The infection takes place in swimming pools and little ponds, which are offered to tourists and the local population for fishing and leisure activities. The health authorities of the district reported cases of schistosomiasis among the local population after visiting these sites. As individuals of the non-immune middle class parts of the society of big urban centers also frequent these resorts, infection of these persons cannot be excluded. A malacological survey revealed the presence of molluscs of the species Biomphalaria glabrata and Biomphalaria straminea at the resorts. The snails (B. glabrata) of one resort tested positive for S. mansoni. In order to resolve this complex problem a multidisciplinary approach including health education, sanitation measures, assistance to the local health services, and evolvement of the local political authorities, the local community, the tourism association, and the owners of the leisure resorts is necessary. This evidence emphasizes the urgent need for a participative strategic plan to develop the local tourism in an organized and well-administered way. Only so this important source of income for the region can be ensured on the long term without disseminating the disease and putting the health of the visitors at risk.

  18. Cost-benefit analysis of a milk production system with crossbred animals in northern Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. D. Costa

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A simulation study was conducted to estimate the production costs of animals with different proportions of Holstein genes and annual return per cow in a herd from the northern region of Minas Gerais. Data from the zootechnical archive of Fazenda Queluz, Francisco Sá, MG, Brazil, comprising the period from 2007 to 2012 were used. The production system consists of crossbred Holstein x Zebu (HZ cows with a genetic composition ranging from 1/4 HZ to 7/8 HZ. Total revenue per animal, annual profit per cow and variation in profitability were estimated over the years according to genetic composition. The revenue from milk production was greater for 7/8 HZ cows, but the estimated annual profit per cow was only 7.75% of total revenue, followed by 3/4 HZ cows which also exhibited low profit (4.11%. The highest profit was observed for 3/8 HZ cows, followed by 1/4 HZ and 1/2 HZ animals. Inversion of the genetic composition of the herd was observed over the years. In 2007, 64% of cows of the herd were 7/8 HZ, while in 2012, 7/8 HZ cows had been replaced with 1/4 HZ, 3/8 HZ and 1/2 HZ animals, accounting for 90% of all genotypes. Despite the greater production of animals with a higher proportion of Holstein genes, the change to cows with a higher proportion of genes of dairy Zebu breeds increased profitability, a fact that might be attributed to the greater economic efficiency of this genotype.

  19. Nutritional and microbiological evaluation of meat and bone meal produced in the state of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SA Sartorelli

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigated the chemical composition and metabolizable energy levels of ten meat and bone meals (MBM produced in Minas Gerais state (Experiment I and evaluated the growth performance of broilers fed with diets containing those MBM (Experiment II. In the first experiment, energy values (apparent metabolizable energy [AME] and corrected apparent metabolizable energy [AMEn] of ten different MBM were determined using the traditional method with total collection of excreta. Four hundred forty 21 day-old Hubbard broilers were used. A reference corn and soybean meal-based diet was replaced in 20% by the feed containing MBM to be tested. A completely randomized experimental design was used with eleven treatments (one reference diet and ten MBM, four repetitions per treatment and 10 birds per repetition (5 males and 5 females. In the second experiment, five MBMs from the ten analyzed in Experiment 1 were used as phosphorus source and compared to a diet containing bicalcium phosphate. The growth performance of the broilers fed with these diets was analyzed, considering two ages of the onset of MBM inclusion in the diet (1 or 7 days of age. One-day-old Hubbard broilers (1,320 birds were housed in 44 plots with 30 birds per experimental unit. The experiment consisted of 11 treatments in a 5x2 factorial arrangement, with five sources of MBM, two ages for the onset of inclusion, and a reference treatment without addition of MBM. The results obtained showed a great variation in the chemical composition and apparent metabolizable energy of the evaluated meals. No significant differences were found on the performance of broilers fed diets with different MBM or the diet with bicalcium phosphate as phosphorus source. The performance of broilers was not significantly influenced by the onset of MBM inclusion in the diets.

  20. Diagnóstico dos viveiros municipais no estado de Minas Gerais.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elzimar de Oliveira Gonçalves

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de fazer um diagnóstico dos viveiros municipais do Estado de Minas Gerais, foi enviado um questionário a todos os seus 853 municípios, contendo perguntas sobre infra-estrutura, tamanho, existência de responsável técnico, qualificação e treinamento de viveiristas, técnicas utilizadas na propagação das plantas, sistema de irrigação, dentre outros aspectos. Pelos resultados, obtidos nas 270 respostas, foi constatado que grande parte dos municípios estudados não possui viveiros para produção de mudas, o que permite inferir que elas são adquiridas de terceiros ou que não está havendo arborização nas ruas. Nos municípios que possuem viveiros constatou-se que a infra-estrutura verificada é insuficiente e que não há profissionais de nível técnico em sua maioria. Além disso, o treinamento de funcionários poderia ser mais efetivo, uma vez que eles são em grande parte, fixos, embora com baixa escolaridade. Observou-se também que as plantas são propagadas basicamente por sementes e estacas, tendo como finalidade a arborização urbana e a recuperação de áreas degradadas e de matas ciliares, e que são destinadas, principalmente, para doação. Na maioria dos municípios os conhecimentos acerca dos tratos culturais necessários à produção de mudas com características desejáveis à arborização urbana são incipientes.

  1. DIAGNÓSTICO DOS VIVEIROS MUNICIPAIS NO ESTADO DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laércio Antônio Gonçalves Jacovine

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de fazer um diagnóstico dos viveiros municipais do Estado de Minas Gerais, foi enviado um questionário a todos os seus 853 municípios, contendo perguntas sobre infra-estrutura, tamanho, existência de responsável técnico, qualificação e treinamento de viveiristas, técnicas utilizadas na propagação das plantas, sistema de irrigação, dentre outros aspectos. Pelos resultados, obtidos nas 270 respostas, foi constatado que grande parte dos municípios estudados não possui viveiros para produção de mudas, o que permite inferir que elas são adquiridas de terceiros ou que não está havendo arborização nas ruas. Nos municípios que possuem viveiros constatou-se que a infra-estrutura verificada é insuficiente e que não há profissionais de nível técnico em sua maioria. Além disso, o treinamento de funcionários poderia ser mais efetivo, uma vez que eles são em grande parte, fixos, embora com baixa escolaridade. Observou-se também que as plantas são propagadas basicamente por sementes e estacas, tendo como finalidade a arborização urbana e a recuperação de áreas degradadas e de matas ciliares, e que são destinadas, principalmente, para doação. Na maioria dos municípios os conhecimentos acerca dos tratos culturais necessários à produção de mudas com características desejáveis à arborização urbana são incipientes.

  2. Considerations about life conditions of elderly in Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulo Sacramento Meira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is to describe the demographic, economic and health conditions variables of elderly co-residents in the municipality of Minas Gerais, since the longest life expectancy has awakened to the necessity of characterization of elderly populations. This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study, type population-based survey conducted with 279 elderly through a systematic sampling without replacement with sampling interval of 2, among those living in urban and rural areas aged greater than or equal to 60 years, enrolled in three (3 Family Health Strategies (ESF that compose the municipality of Salto da Divisa and who had no cognitive impairment measured by the Mini Exam Mental State Examination (MMSE. Data were collected through the questionnaire Brazil Old Age Schedule (BOAS, tabulated in EpiInfo ® 7.7.0.6 and analyzed using SPSS ® 15.0. As main findings there were predominantly female (58.8%, with no schooling (64.2%, with income up to 1 SM (81.7%, tended to cohabit more with grandchildren (71.0%, were satisfied with the cohabiting (89.6%, possessed self-rated good health (60.6% considered themselves to be happy with life (92.8% and good expectations for the future (52,0%. The study revealed that despite low social determinants, the elderly in a state of co residence in the municipality possessed good psychosocial aspects and positive feelings about life, suggesting that the configuration of the family environment has been satisfying for the participants.

  3. Epidemiological profile of aids in Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2007-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Henrique Alves

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Bucking the trend worldwide, in Brazil there is a tendency of increase in the number of AIDS cases, justifying the holding of local epidemiological studies providing subsidies for solving them. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological profile of AIDS in Contagem, Minas Gerais, between 2007 and 2011, with reflections on educational practices for its prevention and control. Methods: This is a descriptive epidemiological study of historical time series. For the 651 new AIDS cases reported in SINAN from 2007 to 2011, it was calculated incidence rate and average rates and performed stratified analysis by gender, education, age and year of occurrence. Results: The mean annual incidence rate of AIDS and the average annual death rate per 100,000 population was 21.0 and 4.0 cases, respectively. The sex ratio (2.16: 1 remained significant (p ≤ 0.05 for the entire series. The feminization of the disease has been verified. Regarding education, 11 people (3.7% were illiterate, 162 (54.0% had up to elementary school, 84 (28.0% had through high school and 43 (14.3% had to higher education (p = 0.05. Conclusions: In the investigated municipality, AIDS showed an oscillatory pattern, with increased number of cases and may present a strong social determination. This indicated the need to intensify prevention and control of disease, which can be done with the use of educational approaches within the APS and educational institutions. KEYWORDs: Epidemiology. Health Education. Primary Health Care. Communicable diseases. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.

  4. Erosividade das chuvas e tempo de recorrência para Lavras, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regimeire Freitas Aquino

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A erosividade das chuvas é um dos principais agentes causadores da erosão do solo, no sul de Minas Gerais. Por essa razão, objetivou-se, com este trabalho, aplicar cinco distribuições de probabilidades aos valores de erosividades, mensais e anual, e estimar o tempo de recorrência desses valores, com base na melhor distribuição de probabilidades ajustada para a região de Lavras, MG. A série de precipitações estudada foi de 1961 a 2004 e as distribuições de probabilidades utilizadas foram: Gumbel, Gama, Log-normal 2 e 3 parâmetros e Normal, ajustadas pelo método da Máxima Verossimilhança. Verificou-se que as distribuições Gama e Gumbel produziram o menor número de séries não adequadas, registrando-se apenas uma, para o mês de agosto. As demais distribuições produziram maiores números de séries não adequadas, especialmente, a distribuição Log-normal 2 parâmetros. Sendo assim, recomenda-se, para o cálculo de erosividade, que seja feita uma verificação prévia da melhor distribuição para cada período da série estudada, apesar de os dados apontarem um desempenho considerável da distribuição Gumbel.

  5. Reproductive system of Eriocnema fulva Naudin (Melastomataceae), an endemic species of Minas Gerais state, SE Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, P M; Forni-Martins, E R; Martins, F R

    2007-05-01

    Eriocnema fulva Naudin is a perennial herb, endemic to Minas Gerais state, SE Brazil, found on humid, shaded rocky riverbanks in montane semideciduous seasonal forests. The species is threatened, but information regarding its biology is still lacking, although such information is fundamental to any management plan. We aimed to evaluate the reproductive system of Eriocnema fulva in the Jambreiro Forest (19 degrees 58'-59' S and 43 degrees 55'-52' W, 800-1100 m altitude), municipality of Nova Lima, by experiments carried out in 1997 and 1998. The flowers are white, and flowering is of the steady state type, occurring once a year from November to December. Anthers are poricidal, and pollen is the only resource for visitors. The chromosome number is n = 17 during meiosis. The species is self-compatible, but does not produce fruits by spontaneous self-pollination or agamospermy; it requires pollen vectors and buzz pollination in order to produce fruits. Cross-pollination is the main reproductive strategy of E. fulva, and is accentuated by the small number of flowers (one or two in each plant) opened per day. Although the population studied was shaded by forest canopy, the seeds needed light to germinate. Germination ratio was lower in germination cabinet on filter paper (14% after 30 days) than in greenhouse on soil brought from the forest (47% after 25 days). Although the fruit is a capsule and the seeds are small, dispersion (anemochory or hydrochory) does not seem to occur at long distance, as it is the case for other Melastomataceae species with similar syndrome.

  6. Reproductive system of Eriocnema fulva Naudin (Melastomataceae, an endemic species of Minas Gerais state, SE Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PM. Andrade

    Full Text Available Eriocnema fulva Naudin is a perennial herb, endemic to Minas Gerais state, SE Brazil, found on humid, shaded rocky riverbanks in montane semideciduous seasonal forests. The species is threatened, but information regarding its biology is still lacking, although such information is fundamental to any management plan. We aimed to evaluate the reproductive system of Eriocnema fulva in the Jambreiro Forest (19° 58'-59' S and 43° 55'-52' W, 800-1100 m altitude, municipality of Nova Lima, by experiments carried out in 1997 and 1998. The flowers are white, and flowering is of the steady state type, occurring once a year from November to December. Anthers are poricidal, and pollen is the only resource for visitors. The chromosome number is n = 17 during meiosis. The species is self-compatible, but does not produce fruits by spontaneous self-pollination or agamospermy; it requires pollen vectors and buzz pollination in order to produce fruits. Cross-pollination is the main reproductive strategy of E. fulva, and is accentuated by the small number of flowers (one or two in each plant opened per day. Although the population studied was shaded by forest canopy, the seeds needed light to germinate. Germination ratio was lower in germination cabinet on filter paper (14% after 30 days than in greenhouse on soil brought from the forest (47% after 25 days. Although the fruit is a capsule and the seeds are small, dispersion (anemochory or hydrochory does not seem to occur at long distance, as it is the case for other Melastomataceae species with similar syndrome.

  7. QUALIDADE MICROBIOLÓGICA DE DOCES DE LEITE COMERCIALIZADOS NO SUL DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Resende Costa de Oliveira

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O doce de leite é um alimento de grande consumo no Brasil, com elevado teor de nutrientes, resultante da cocção da mistura de leite e açúcar, adicionado ou não de aromatizantes, até a sua concentração e caramelização. A manipulação inadequada e a exposição ao meio ambiente aumentam o risco de contaminação do produto e, posteriormente do consumidor. A qualidade dos produtos disponíveis para o consumo é de extrema importância para a garantia da segurança alimentar e da saúde da população. Em vista disso, as análises microbiológicas são fundamentais para conhecer as condições de higiene em que os alimentos são preparados, dos riscos à saúde do consumidor e a vida de prateleira pretendida. Considerando os fatos mencionados, este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade microbiológica de amostras de doces de leite pastosos comercializados em Lavras, do sul de Minas Gerais. As amostras de diferentes marcas comerciais, dentro do prazo de validade, foram submetidas às seguintes análises: contagem de enterobactérias, fungos e leveduras e bactérias aeróbias mesófilas aeróbias. Com exceção da amostra 5, todas as demais apresentaram níveis de contaminação superiores aos preconizados pela legislação para os microorganismos pesquisados.

  8. Storage on the vigor and viability of macauba seeds from two provenances of Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pereira de Souza

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Macauba palm stands out for having favorable features to biodiesel production such as the high oil content of its fruit. Considering the great potential of the species and their applicability in the renewable energy field, it becomes indispensable to establish the right conditions for storing the seeds for propagation purpose. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of seed moisture content, packaging, and storage conditions such as temperature and relative humidity on the quality of seeds from Minas Gerais State, during a 12-month storage period. The research had two independent assays: (I the seeds were stored with three moisture contents/ranges 4.0≤6.0%; 6.0≤8.0% and 8.0≤10.0% in impermeable packages, under room temperature and at 10ºC; (II seeds with approximately 5.9% of moisture content were stored in three different types of packages: a permeable, b semi-permeable and c impermeable. Three storing conditions were tested: a room temperature and RH under laboratory conditions; b 15ºC and 45% RH; c 20ºC and 55% RH. Water content, germination rate and germination speed index were evaluated at 0, 4, 8 and 12 months of storing. The best germination results were obtained with the moisture range of 6.0≤8.0%, with seeds kept at room temperature; while the seeds stored at 10ºC, regardless the moisture range, did not survive. The stored seeds with 5.9% moisture content and at both 15ºC/45%RH and 20ºC/55% RH conditions, independently of the package type used, showed the best results. Thus, macaw palm seeds can be classified as intermediates seeds.

  9. O Estado de Minas Gerais e suas regiões: um resgate histórico das principais propostas oficiais de regionalização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Magno Alves Diniz

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In lieu of the increasing importance of regional approaches in contemporary geography and theabsence of studies that synthesize and discuss the various regionalization proposals in vogue inMinas Gerais State, the present work identifies and scrutinizes, in light of major theoretical contri-butions on regional analysis, the various official regionalizations of Minas Gerais State, set forthover the last decades. The study starts with an explanation of the importance of the historicalevolution of regional approaches throughout the history of geographic thought, emphasizing itsmethodological dimension. Then, the official regionalizations of Minas Gerais State produced byFundação João Pinheiro (FJP and by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGEare identified, mapped and discussed. The Physiographic, Functional, Micro and Meso, Planningand Administrative regions are emphasized.

  10. Interaction between Apis mellifera L. and Baccharis dracunculifolia DC, that favours green propolis production in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EMAF. Bastos

    Full Text Available In Minas Gerais, green propolis is produced from the collection of resinous substance found in shoot apices of Baccharis dracunculifolia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological parameters associated with the interaction Apis mellifera x Baccharis dracunculifolia, to elucidate the supply of resin for green propolis production in Minas Gerais. We selected male and female individuals of two populations of Baccharis dracunculifolia located on São Judas Tadeu Farm - FSJT, in the municipality of Betim, MG and the Experimental Garden of the Ezequiel Dias Foundation - HORTO, located in an urban area in Belo Horizonte, MG. We made weekly observations, from June 2007 to June 2008, and evaluated in both populations: richness and abundance of insect visitors; resin collecting visits of Apis mellifera; presence of Baccharopelma dracunculifoliae galls; growth of individuals and phenological phases. Statistical analyses were made using R software. The rainy season showed the highest number of visitors. A. mellifera collected resin in shoot apices of Baccharis dracunculifolia from August to April, only in the FSJT population, where galls of B. dracunculifoliae were also present. Ovoposition of gall inductor on host plants occurs during the rainy season, when there is a peak of visitants and resin collecting visits of honeybees. This fact stimulates plant defense strategies against parasitoids and predators, which includes the production of several secondary metabolites, and ultimately reduces competition for food by inhibiting the attack of other phytophagous insects, not adapted to the chemical environment of plant tissues. Green propolis production in Minas Gerais is related to the abundant supply of resin by Baccharis dracunculifolia, when they are parasitised by B. dracunculifoliae galls. They induce plant production of defense exudates, which attract Apis mellifera bees to collect resin and consequently favour the production of green

  11. Geochemistry and spatial variability of metal(loid) concentrations in soils of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, José João Lelis Leal; Abrahão, Walter Antônio Pereira; de Mello, Jaime Wilson Vargas; da Silva, Juscimar; da Costa, Liovando Marciano; de Oliveira, Teógenes Senna

    2015-02-01

    Since 2009 a policy has been implemented in Brazil to establish the natural concentrations of potentially toxic substances in soil for each state. Historically a 'mining state', Minas Gerais established a Quality Reference Value for metal(loid)s for all of the soils in the state. To successfully establish these values it is important to study the spatial geochemical diversity for the state. In this context, the objectives of this work are: (1) to evaluate the natural concentrations of metal(loid)s in pristine Minas Gerais soils and (2) to interpret the spatial variability in concentration of these elements. The 0-20 cm layer of soils was sampled for 697 georeferenced sites including the main geological materials and soil groups. Soil properties were analyzed according to methodologies suitable for Brazilian soils. The concentration of metal(loid)s was determined by acid extraction according to EPA 3051A. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and spatial variability analyses were performed. The dominance of acidic pH and low CEC values reflects the pervasive deep acid weathering. The variability of metal(loid) concentrations for soils of the state may be attributed to geological diversity and different pedogenesis. Correlation and spatial analysis indicated that the Fe concentration is strongly associated with metal(loid) concentrations in topsoil. According to the spatial geochemical diversity of the state, a k-means cluster analysis was performed which identified four clusters. A significant difference in the mean values of metal(loid) concentrations between the clusters confirmed that the single Quality Reference Value established does not represent the geochemical diversity of soils in Minas Gerais. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Healthcare financing, decentralization and regional health planning: federal transfers and the healthcare networks in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Laura Monteiro de Castro; Ferré, Felipe; Andrade, Eli Iola Gurgel

    2017-04-01

    The Decrees 4279/10 and 7508/11 established norms to guide health politics, with impacts on funding of the Middle and High Complexity Hospital and Outpatient. To verify the effects on the consolidation of care networks in Minas Gerais, we performed an analytical-descriptive study of the National Health Fund from 2006 to 2014. We observed decentralization of responsibilities, accompanied of resources and innovative financing mechanisms, resulting expansion of the network care model. The federal government definitions suggest reduction of the autonomy and limitation of regional solutions.

  13. Evaluating enterprise resource planning systems: a study conducted in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warley Wanderson do Couto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a study that aimed to evaluate enterprise resource planning systems (ERPs in companies located in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais State. The data were collected from 2011 to 2012 through semi-structured interviews, documental research and questionnaires. These data were analyzed using the following techniques: content analysis, descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov’s test, Spearmans correlation and Kruskal-Wallis test. It was verified that, despite some limitations, both users and managers are satisfied with the ERPs implemented at their companies.

  14. Parasitoids of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917 (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae collected on tomato plants in Lavras, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. H. Marchiori

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper was to report on the occurrence of parasitoids of Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae on tomato plants, under greenhouse conditions, in Lavras County (21º14'43"S; 44º59'59"W, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from August 2001 to February 2002. Three groups of parasitoids were collected: 21 specimens of Bracon sp. (Braconidae, one specimen of Earinus sp. (Braconidae, and 13 specimens of Conura sp. (Chalcididae. The rate of parasitism for the three species was 4.2%, 0.2%, and 2.6%, respectively. This is the first reported occurrence of Earinus sp. parasitizing Tuta absoluta in Brazil.

  15. USO DE SUBSTÂNCIAS PSICOATIVAS ENTRE ACADÊMICOS DE ENFERMAGEM DA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DE MINAS GERAIS

    OpenAIRE

    Nadja Cristiane Lappann Botti; Adriano Ferreira Duarte de Lima; Willy Moreira Batista Simões

    2010-01-01

    Este estudio cuantitativo y descriptivo tuvo como objetivo identificar el patrón de consumo de sustancias psicoactivas entre los estudiantes de enfermería. Participaron 393 estudiantes del curso de pregrado en enfermería de la Universidad Católica de Minas Gerais. Los datos fueron recolectados por un cuestionario y analizados utilizando estadística descriptiva. El uso en la vida de las sustancias psicoactivas entre los estudiantes de enfermería es expresivo, convirtiéndose en un factor preocu...

  16. Phosphorus in agroforestry systems: a contribution to sustainable agriculture in the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Cardoso, I. M.

    2002-01-01

    The Zona da Mata is a region situated in the domain of the Atlantic Coastal Rainforest in the southeast of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. This domain stretches along the Brazilian coast from north to south and ranks among the top five of the 25 biodiversity hotspots, the richest and the most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life on Earth. Originally, forest covered the region but nowadays only about 7.5 % of the original vegetation remains. Most of the trees were cut for...

  17. PROPRIEDADES TECNOLÓGICAS DA MADEIRA DE Tectona grandis L.f. PROVENIENTE DO VALE DO RIO DOCE, MINAS GERAIS

    OpenAIRE

    MOTTA, J. P.

    2011-01-01

    MOTTA, Javan Pereira. Propriedades tecnológicas da madeira de teca (Tectona grandis L.f.) proveniente do Vale do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais. 2011. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Florestais) Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre-ES, Orientador: Prof. Dr. José Tarcísio da Silva Oliveira. Coorientador: Prof. Dr. Juarez Benigno Paes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar as propriedades tecnológicas da madeira de teca (Tectona grandis L.f.) de árvores co...

  18. Family health strategy and equity in prenatal care: a population based cross-sectional study in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Mônica Viegas; Noronha, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza; Queiroz Barbosa, Allan Claudius; Souza, Michelle Nepomuceno; Calazans, Júlia Almeida; Carvalho, Lucas Resende de; Rocha, Thiago Augusto Hernandes; Silva, Núbia Cristina

    2017-01-21

    Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utilization. In Brazil, prenatal care is supplied for the entire population at the community level as part of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), which is the main source of primary care provided by the public health system. Brazil has some of the greatest income inequalities in the world, and little research has been conducted to investigate prenatal care utilization of FHS across socioeconomic groups. This paper addresses this gap investigating the socioeconomic and regional differences in the utilization of prenatal care supplied by the FHS in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data comes from a probabilistic household survey carried out in 2012 representative of the population living in urban areas in the state of Minas Gerais. The sample size comprises 1,420 women aged between 13 and 45 years old who had completed a pregnancy with a live born in the last five years prior to the survey. The outcome variables are received prenatal care, number of antenatal visits, late prenatal care, antenatal tests, tetanus immunization and low birthweight. A descriptive analysis and logistic models were estimated for the outcome variables. The coverage of prenatal care is almost universal in catchment urban areas of FHT of Minas Gerais state including both antenatal visits and diagnostic procedures. Due to this high level of coverage, socioeconomic inequalities were not observed. FHS supplied care for around 80% of the women without private insurance and 90% for women belonging to lower socioeconomic classes. Women belonging to lower socioeconomic classes were at least five times more likely to receive antenatal visits and any of the antenatal tests by the FHS compared to those belonging to the highest classes. Moreover, FHS was effective in reducing low birthweight. Women who

  19. Conhecimentos sobre o Lazer nos Cursos de Graduação em Turismo de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christianne Gomes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Síntese dos resultados da pesquisa que objetivou diagnosticar/analisar os conhecimentos desenvolvidos sobre o Lazer nos cursos de Graduação em Turismo de Minas Gerais. A metodologia envolveu pesquisa bibliográfica, análise documental e entrevistas com 24 coordenadores e 21 docentes vinculados a 25 instituições. Os resultados evidenciaram que para todos os entrevistados o lazer e o turismo estão interligados. Constatou-se uma ênfase no ensino, através de disciplinas, com poucas ações relacionadas à pesquisa e à extensão. Foi possível perceber a existência de uma confusão conceitual envolvendo os termos “lazer” e “recreação” por parte de alguns entrevistados. Observa-se a importância de superar a visão instrumental de lazer que tem caracterizado as práticas pedagógicas no contexto dos cursos pesquisados, tendo em vista alcançar uma formação no Turismo mais crítica e reflexiva. Palavras-chave: Turismo; Lazer; Graduação; Minas Gerais. Abstract Summary of the results of the research which aimed to diagnose/analyze the knowledge developed on Leisure in Tourism Undergraduate courses in Minas Gerais, Brazil. The methodology included literature review, analysis of documents and interviews with 24 coordinators and 21 professors from 25 institutions. The results showed that for all respondents, leisure and tourism are interconnected. It was found an emphasis on teaching, through the disciplines, with a few actions related to research and extension. It was possible to perceive the existence of a conceptual confusion between the terms "leisure" and "recreation" by some respondents. It can be noticed the importance of overcoming the instrumental view of leisure which has characterized the pedagogical practices in the context of the courses surveyed, in order to achieve a more critical and reflective education in Tourism. Keywords: Tourism; Leisure; Undergraduate Courses; Minas Gerais/Brazil.

  20. Cafeicultura Familiar e um possível modelo para o Turismo do Café em Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Helga Cristina Carvalho; Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Sul de Minas, Pouso Alegre, MG; Moss, Marina Bernardes Carneiro; Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG

    2012-01-01

    A cafeicultura brasileira é composta 60% por agricultores familiares, responsáveis por 25% da produção nacional. No estado de Minas Gerais, a cafeicultura exerce grande influência sobre muitas economias locais, cujos municípios em geral estão localizados em áreas de montanha. O café, no contexto da agricultura familiar, não pode ser tratado com um produto genérico, já que em torno do mesmo formou-se uma cultura que ultrapassa o modo produtivo, influenciando a vida em comunidade, as tradições ...

  1. Orchidaceae do Parque Estadual de Ibitipoca, MG, Brasil Orchidaceae of Ibitipoca State Park, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Menini Neto

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available O Parque Estadual de Ibitipoca (PEIB está situado no sudeste do estado de Minas Gerais, entre os municípios de Santa Rita de Ibitipoca e Lima Duarte, a 21º40'-21º44'S e 43º52'-43º55'W. Apresenta em sua área um mosaico de formações vegetais, das quais o campo rupestre ocupa a maior extensão, sendo também encontradas em seus domínios diversas formações florestais. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo o levantamento das espécies de Orchidaceae ocorrentes no PEIB. Foram registrados 118 táxons distribuídos em 47 gêneros. Os gêneros mais numerosos são Pleurothallis sensu lato (13 spp., Oncidium (12 spp. e um possível híbrido, Epidendrum (10 spp. e Maxillaria (9 spp.. O estudo da distribuição geográfica dos táxons revelou quatro novos registros para a flora de Minas Gerais e ampliou o conhecimento sobre a distribuição de muitas espécies. Uma comparação com as espécies de orquídeas ocorrentes em outras áreas de campo rupestre conhecidas até o momento demonstra que o PEIB, embora com área relativamente pequena, é uma das regiões com maior número de espécies.Ibitipoca State Park (PEIB is located in southeastern Minas Gerais, in Santa Rita de Ibitipoca and Lima Duarte municipalities (21º40'-21º44'S; 43º52'-43º55'W. It has a variety of vegetation types, with a predominance of "campo rupestre" (rocky grasslands mixed with forests. This work aimed to survey Orchidaceae species growing at PEIB. One-hundred-and-eighteen taxa belonging to 47 genera were found. The largest genera are Pleurothallis sensu lato (13 spp., Oncidium (12 spp. and one probable hybrid, Epidendrum (10 spp., and Maxillaria (9 spp.. Four species are new records for the flora of Minas Gerais state. Compared to other areas of "campos rupestres", PEIB is one of the most species-rich sites, in spite of having a relatively small area.

  2. Biossegurança: conhecimento e adesão pelos profissionais do corpo de bombeiros militar de Minas Gerais Bioseguridad: conocimiento y adhesión en el cuerpo de bomberos militar de Minas Gerais, uno estudio transversal Biosafety: knowledge and compliance by fire military brigade of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cristina de Oliveira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar o conhecimento e a adesão às recomendações de biossegurança entre profissionais do Corpo de Bombeiros Militar de Minas Gerais de um município da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Realizou-se um estudo transversal de abordagem quantitativa. Na coleta de dados foi utilizado um questionário estruturado composto de questões sobre conhecimento e atitudes relativos à biossegurança, fatores dificultadores ao uso de equipamentos de proteção individual e ocorrência de acidentes com material biológico. O conhecimento sobre a higienização das mãos foi verificado em 84,8% dos profissionais; 69,7% desconheciam a ação do álcool a 70%. O capote foi o equipamento de proteção individual mais difícil de ser utilizado. Os militares não sofreram acidente com material biológico, dado semelhante aos demais da literatura. Pretende-se provocar a reflexão dos profissionais da área e instituições responsáveis quanto à reavaliação da proposta relacionada à formação desses trabalhadores em biossegurança e saúde ocupacional.Tuvo como objetivo identificar el conocimiento y la adhesión de las recomendaciones de bioseguridad entre profesionales del Cuerpo de Bomberos Militares de Minas Gerais, de un municipio de la región metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Se realizó un estudio transversal de enfoque cuantitativo. Para la recolección de datos fue utilizado un cuestionario estructurado con preguntas sobre conocimientos y actitudes relacionadas a bioseguridad, factores que dificultan el uso de equipos de protección personal y accidentes con material biológico. El conocimiento sobre higiene de las manos fue observado en 84,8% de los profesionales, 69,7% desconocían la forma de acción del alcohol 70%. El manto fue el equipo de protección personal más difícil de usar. Los militares no han sufrido acidentes con material biologico, datos similares a los de la literatura. Tuvo

  3. Aspectos da Mineralogia, Geoquímica, Gêneses e Potencialidade Econômica do Campo Pegmatítico de Marilac, Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Luciano Gandini

    2000-01-01

    A região de estudo deste trabalho, Campo Pegmatítico de Marilac (CPM), localiza-se a 25 km NW da cidade de Governador Valadares, em Minas Gerais. Ela está inserida no Distrito Pegmatítico de Governador Valadares (DPGV), um dos segmentos da grande Província Pegmatítica Oriental do Brasil (PPOB). Essa província possui uma forma lenticular alongada no sentido NS, embora sua maior parte esteja localizada no Estado de Minas Gerais, e seus limites situam-se nos Estados do Rio de Janeiro, Espirito S...

  4. First record of genus Toxorhynchites Theobald (Diptera, Culicidae) in Mata Atlântica, Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Simões Albeny; Cassiano Sousa Rosa; Lívia Maria Silva Ataíde; Evaldo Ferreira Vilela

    2010-01-01

    Durante os meses de março e abril de 2007 foi verificada a presença do gênero Toxorhynchites (Diptera, Culicidae) em fragmentos de Mata Atlântica no município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. No experimento foram utilizadas 500 armadilhas de oviposição. Registrando-se, pela primeira vez na região de Viçosa o gênero Toxorhynchites, sendo as espécies T. pusillus (Costa Lima, 193 1) e T. theobaldi (Dyar & Knab, 1906) encontradas pela primeira vez no Estado de Minas Gerais. As espécies relatadas ...

  5. Renewable energy: diagnostic of the small hydroelectric power plants; Energia renovavel: diagnostico da geracao de eletricidade em pequenas centrais hidreletricas no Estado de Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Gustavo Nikolaus Pinto de [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Planejamento Energetico], e-mail: gustavonikolaus@ppe.ufrj.br; Santi, Auxilidadora Maria Moura [Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP), MG (Brazil). Area de Planejamento Energetico], e-mail: auxiliadora@em.ufop.br

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents a diagnostic of the power generation in small-scale electric power generation at the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, considering the legislation, the environmental aspects, the hydro resources and the agents of the electric sector to which the electricity is destined. The diagnostic turn available important information on the process of implantation of infra-structure which are under development at the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, where the participation of the SHP amounts 402375 k W generated in 78 SHP under operation. There are nine SHP under construction and 48 under granting process.

  6. Metodologia para prevenir exposição ao mercúrio em adolescentes de garimpos de ouro em Mariana, Minas Gerais, Brasil Methodology to prevent mercury exposure among adolescents from goldmine areas in Mariana, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volney de M. Câmara

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available O principal objetivo deste estudo foi promover a avaliação de uma metodologia educativa para identificar e refletir, criticamente, sobre os riscos à saúde de adolescentes causados pelo trabalho em garimpos de ouro. O projeto foi realizado com adolescentes que estudavam na Escola Estadual Cônego Braga do Distrito de Monsenhor Horta, Município de Mariana, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A avaliação dos resultados através de testes estatísticos revelou um significativo acréscimo de respostas corretas da primeira para a última fase sobre a definição de acidentes de trabalho e sua equiparação com as doenças do trabalho, os acidentes de trajeto e as agressões no local de trabalho.The main objective of this study was to promote the evaluation of an educational method to identify health risks among adolescents exposed to mercury by their work in gold mining production.The project was carried out with adolescents from a public school from the District of Monsenhor Horta, Municipality of Mariana, state of Minas Gerais. Statistical evaluation of the results revealed a significant increase in the amount of correct answers between the first and fifth stage concerning the definition of work accidents and its importance in relation to work-related diseases, accidents on route to and from the work place and violence at work site itself.

  7. Conglomerados de homicídios e o tráfico de drogas em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, de 1995 a 1999 Homicide clusters and drug traffic in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil from 1995 to 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Chaves Beato Filho

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, apresentamos uma análise espacial dos homicídios ocorridos em Belo Horizonte e registrados pela Polícia Militar de Minas Gerais durante o período de 1995 até 1999. Utilizamos o programa SaTScan para identificar os conglomerados de risco de mortalidade mais elevado. Considerando todas as regiões da cidade de Belo Horizonte, apenas dez apresentam um risco maior de homicídios, quase todas concentradas em favelas. Como existem 85 favelas ao todo, concluímos que não são as condições sócio-econômicas per se as responsáveis pelos conglomerados de homicídios, mas o fato dessas regiões serem assoladas pelo trafico e violência associada ao comércio de drogas.The article presents a spatial analysis of homicides in Belo Horizonte according to the Minas Gerais Military Police records from 1995 to 1999. The authors identify clusters of high mortality risk and relate them to areas with drug traffic and associated violence. SaTScan software is used to locate the clusters.

  8. A flórula invasora da cultura do café (Coffea arabica L. no Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil Weeds in coffee (Coffea arabica L. plantations in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Losada Gavilanes

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas áreas de cultura de café (Coffea arábica L., no Estado de Minas Gerais, foram coletadas e identificadas 388 espécies de plantas invasoras (= plantas daninhas, pertencentes a 51 famílias botânicas, representando 182 gêneros, sendo que as famílias Compositae, Gramineae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Convolvulaceae e Verbenaceae, são as mais importantes em relação à cultura. As plantas coletadas, devidamente etiquetadas e identificadas, foram anexadas, parte delas no PAMG (Herbário da EPAMIG, Belo Horizonte, MG e, a outra parte, no Herbarium ESAL (Herbário do Departamento de Biologia da Escola Superior de Agricultura de Lavras - ESAL, Lavras - MG.A survey in the cultivation area of coffee in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, has resulted in the determination of 388 weed species, of 182 genera belonging to 51 families; the families presenting a greater number of espécies are: Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Amaranthaceae and Verbenaceae with 65, 48, 42, 30, 19, 17, 16, 14, 12, 10 species, respectively.

  9. A conversão do sertão capelas e a governamentalidade nas Minas Gerais The conversion of the hinterland chapels and governamentalidade in the Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Eduardo de Andrade

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da instituição das capelas no território das Minas Gerais, considerando a sua significação política e a sua relação com o enquadramento social da população. Procura-se avaliar essa prática de poder, desde a fundação pelos patronos coloniais até o reconhecimento eclesiástico e régio. Observando-se os laços políticos na segunda metade do século XVIII, verifica-se ainda que as capelas, mecanismos de poder senhorial e de normalização dos súditos, tinham um papel fundamental na governamentalidade do Estado, especialmente nas fronteiras.This paper is concerned with the establishment of chapels in Minas Gerais, taking into account its political meaning and its relationship with the social fitting of the population. Power practices are evaluated, since foundations of the chapels by colonial sponsors to their ecclesiastical and royal admissions. Considering political bonds on the second half of the eighteen century, one verifies that chapels - a way of power of owners and subject regulation - had a fundamental role in the government, mainly at frontiers.

  10. Occurrences of Eimeria spp. and gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy calves in southern Minas Gerais, Brazil Ocorrência de Eimeria spp. e nematódeos gastrintestinais em bezerros no sul de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Raphael Pascoti Bruhn

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this cross-sectional observational study was to determine the frequency and factors associated with infection by Eimeria spp. and gastrointestinal nematodes in 356 calves on 20 dairy farms located in southern Minas Gerais, Brazil. Ten species of Eimeria spp. were identified, of which E. bovis (37.6% and E. zuernii (17.9% were the most frequent. From fecal cultures, four genera of gastrointestinal nematodes were recovered, of which Cooperia spp. (74.6% and Haemonchus (19.4% were the most frequent. Variables relating to higher levels of technology used on dairy farms showed a significant association (p O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência e os fatores associados à infecção por Eimeria spp. e nematódeos gastrintestinais, em 356 bezerras provenientes de 20 rebanhos leiteiros, localizados no sul de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram identificadas dez espécies de Eimeria spp., sendo E. bovis (37,6% e E. zuernii (17,9% as mais frequentes. Nas coproculturas, foram recuperados quatro gêneros de nematódeos gastrintestinais, sendo os mais frequentes Cooperia spp. (74,6% e Haemonchus spp. (19,4%.Variáveis relacionadas a um maior nível de tecnificação das propriedades leiteiras apresentaram associação significativa (p < 0,05, com maiores contagens de OoPG e OPG, e são discutidas neste estudo.

  11. Distúrbios musculoesqueléticos em trabalhadores do setor saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare workers in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rose Elizabeth Cabral Barbosa

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal que investigou a prevalência de distúrbios musculoesqueléticos e os fatores associados em uma amostra de 1.808 sujeitos do universo de 13.602 trabalhadores do sistema municipal de saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A prevalência foi avaliada com base no autorrelato de dor nos membros superiores, membros inferiores e dorso; a magnitude das associações foi estimada por meio da regressão de Poisson, em modelos univariados (p This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and associated factors in a sample of 1,808 workers (from a total of 13,602 in the municipal health system in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Prevalence was calculated according to self-reported pain in the upper or lower limbs and/or back, and size of associations was estimated by univariate (p < 0.20 and multivariate Poisson regression (p < 0.05. Musculoskeletal disorders showed a prevalence of 49.9% and were statistically associated with female gender, living with a partner, physical activity less than twice a week, self-reported common mental disorder, certain job positions (dentists, dental technicians, and community health workers, high physical demand, and inadequate working conditions. The results confirm the complexity of musculoskeletal disorders and suggest areas for development of health promotion programs in health services.

  12. Hipovitaminose A em escolares da zona rural de Minas Gerais Vitamin A deficiency in school children of the rural area in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarete Aparecida Santos

    2005-06-01

    occurrence of vitamin A deficiency in school children of the rural area of Novo Cruzeiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil, as well as to identify the possible predisposing factors for such occurrence. METHODS: The sample comprised 241 school children, ranging from 6 to 14 years of age, from four rural schools of the region. The serum levels of retinol were interpreted by the criteria of the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition National Defense. The epidemiological significance of the vitamin A deficiency was evaluated according to the World Health Organization criteria. As predisposing factors for vitamin A deficiency, the following conditions were considered: intestinal parasitism, protein-energy malnutrition, inadequate ingestion of vitamin A food sources, and per capita family income. Statistical analysis was carried out using Chi-square test. RESULTS: Vitamin A deficiency was identified in 29.0% of the subjects, 23.2% of the children presented stunting, and 8.7% were malnourished, according to the body mass index. In 63.1% of the subjects, inadequate ingestion of retinol sources was verified, while 78.8% of the subjects presented some type of intestinal parasite. Most school-children families (87.1% had per capita monthly incomes bellow ¼ of the minimum wage; the rest of the families were situated respectively in the ranges: (10.4%>¼ to ½ to 1 minimum wage. CONCLUSION: Vitamin A deficiency among school children was found to be a public health problem in the studied area. Nonetheless, no significant statistic association between vitamin A deficiency and the factors selected as predisposing ones was observed.

  13. O predomínio dos negros nas escolas de Minas Gerais do século XIX The majority of blacks in schools of 19th-century Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinícius Fonseca

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O período que compreende os anos de 1820 a 1850 marca o início da construção e da estruturação de uma política de instrução pública com objetivo de educar o povo da província de Minas Gerais. Este artigo procura analisar o nível de relação entre esse processo e o segmento mais expressivo dentro da estrutura demográfica de Minas Gerais, ou seja, a população negra livre. Para realizar a análise, utilizamos como referência uma documentação censitária que tentou contabilizar a população de todos os distritos mineiros e registrou as crianças que estavam nas escolas. A partir do registro censitário, construímos um perfil racial das escolas, confrontando-o com informações fornecidas por outros documentos (listas de professores, relatos de viajantes, memórias que revelaram uma presença majoritária dos negros nas escolas de instrução elementar. A interpretação que produzimos em relação à presença dos negros nas escolas mineira indica que essa instituição era um dos elementos acionados por esse grupo com objetivo de afirmação no espaço social. Em relação a isso, destaca-se o fato de que a escolarização adquiriu significados específicos em meio à população negra, ou seja, representava a sua inserção na cultura letrada, mas também uma forma de demarcar um distanciamento do mundo da escravidão e uma demonstração de domínio dos códigos de conduta das pessoas livres.The period between 1820 and 1850 marks the beginning of the construction and structuring of a public education policy that aimed at educating the people of the province of Minas Gerais. The present article analyzes the relationship between this process and the most expressive segment within the demographic structure of the province at that time, namely, the population of free blacks. In order to conduct this analysis, we have sought reference in a census documentation that attempted to cover the whole population of Minas Gerais districts

  14. Occurrence of Fasciola hepatica (Linnaeus, 1758 infection in Brazilian cattle of Minas Gerais, Brazil Ocorrência de Fasciola hepatica Linnaeus, 1758 em rebanhos bovinos do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter dos Santos Lima

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Fasciolosis is a parasitic disease which is caused by digenetic trematodes, such as Fasciola hepatica, and which occurs worldwide. The disease causes significant economic losses in cattle because of the reduction in milk and meat production and because the parasitized livers have no economic value. Also, abortion and mortality rates increase. To determine the occurrence and dispersal of F. hepatica in the state of Minas Gerais, fecal samples were collected from bovines aged 12 months and older between April 2005 and April 2006. The bovines came from 1,251 rural farms of 120 municipalities/cities in Minas Gerais. Water was collected to ascertain the presence of the intermediate host in the properties where infected bovines were found. A total of 16 municipalities had infected bovines and 13 had the presence of Lymnaea columella. We detected infected bovines in 70% of the rural farms visited in the municipality of Itajubá. Itajubá was also found to have infected snails with the larval stage of F. hepatica. The results revealed that infection by F. hepatica in bovines of Minas Gerais was associated with the presence of the intermediate host and favorable epidemiological factors, drawing attention to the necessity of adopting proper control measures in the area.A fasciolose é uma doença parasitária que ocorre em todo o mundo e é causada por um trematódeo digenético conhecido como Fasciola hepatica. A doença é responsável por causar perdas econômicas significativas em bovinos, devido à diminuição na produção de carne e leite, condenação de fígados parasitados e aumento na mortalidade. Para determinar a ocorrência e a dispersão da F. hepatica no estado de Minas Gerais, amostras de fezes de bovinos com idade superior a 12 meses foram coletadas, no período de Abril de 2005 a Abril de 2006. Foram examinados bovinos provenientes de 1.251 propriedades rurais de 120 municípios do estado de Minas Gerais. Coleções hídricas tamb

  15. Fatores associados ao abandono escolar no ensino médio público de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tufi Machado Soares

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo apontar quais são os principais fatores que influenciam o abandono escolar no ensino médio. Os dados utilizados baseiam-se em uma série histórica construída a partir do levantamento das Pesquisas Nacionais por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD e numa ampla pesquisa realizada no estado de Minas Gerais (MG, a qual culminou na coleta de diversas informações de um total de 3.418 entrevistados (entre alunos cursantes e não-cursantes. Com base nesses dados, estimaram-se modelos de regressão de risco proporcional de Cox, que permitiram identificar a correlação entre fatores intra e extraescolares com o abandono precoce. Outro modelo desenvolvido utilizou as bases de dados da PNAD, em que um modelo logito foi estimado, permitindo verificar a taxa do não abandono na trajetória do ensino médio também para o estado de Minas Gerais. Entre os resultados encontrados, destacam-se alguns fatores expressivos na explicação do abandono, tais como: a dificuldade nas disciplinas, ânsia por uma escola diferente, percepção de melhores oportunidades de trabalho com a continuidade dos estudos e a importância atribuída na escolha à escola.

  16. Molecular surveillance of dengue in Minas Gerais provides insights on dengue virus 1 and 4 circulation in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra, Karina Rocha; Drumond, Betânia Paiva; de Rezende, Izabela Maurício; Nogueira, Maurício Lacerda; de Oliveira Lopes, Débora; Calzavara Silva, Carlos Eduardo; Siqueira Ferreira, Jaqueline Maria; Dos Santos, Luciana Lara

    2017-06-01

    Dengue, caused by any of the four types of Dengue virus (DENV) is the most important arbovirus in the world. In this study we performed a molecular surveillance of dengue during the greatest dengue outbreak that took place in Divinópolis, Minas Gerais state, Southeast Brazil, in 2013. Samples from 100 patients with clinical symptoms of dengue were studied and 26 were positive. The capsid/premembrane (CprM) and envelope gene sequences of some samples were amplified and sequenced. Molecular analyses demonstrated that two DENV-1 lineages, belonging to genotype V were introduced and co-circulated in Divinópolis. When compared to each other, those lineages presented high genetic diversity and showed unique amino acids substitutions in the envelope protein, including in domains I, II, and III. DENV-4 strains from Divinópolis clustered within genotype IIb and the most recent common ancestor was probably introduced into the city three years before the 2013 epidemic. Here we demonstrated for the first time the circulation of DENV-4 and the co-circulation of two DENV-1 lineages in Midwest region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Moreover our analysis indicated the introduction of five DENV-1 lineages, genotype V into Brazil, in different times. J. Med. Virol. 89:966-973, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Acidentes de trabalho com material biológico ocorridos em municípios de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Siqueira Julio

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi identificar o perfil dos acidentes com exposição a material biológico ocorridos em Minas Gerais. Estudo descritivo, transversal realizado por meio de consulta ao Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação de 50 municípios do sul do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, no período de 2007-2011. Foram registrados 460 acidentes, sendo que cerca da metade ocorreram entre auxiliares e técnicos de enfermagem, seguidos por enfermeiros e médicos. Houve predomínio dos acidentes ocorridos devido ao descarte inadequado de material perfurocortante. Entre os pacientes-fonte, verificou-se uma prevalência de 8,0% de sorologia reagente para o HIV; 1,0% para HBsAg; 6,0% para anti-HBC e 3% para o anti-HCV. Entre os acidentados, 14,0% não estavam imunizados para hepatite B, contudo, a prescrição de vacina e imunoglobulina foi inferior à necessidade. Os resultados subsidiarão o planejamento de ações preventivas e de novas condutas diante da ocorrência desse tipo de acidentes.

  18. Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in calves (Bos taurus and Bos indicus in the Formiga city, Minas Gerais - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto César Araujo Lima

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Cryptosporidiosis is a waterborne disease, has as aggravating the difficulty of preventing environmental contamination and lack of effective therapeutic measures. With marked importance to the cattle, causes inflammation and intestinal villous atrophy resulting in loss of absorptive surface. This study aimed to perform molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. in calves in the city of Formiga, Minas Gerais. A total of 300 faeces samples from Holstein calves, Nelore and indefinite breed, both healthy, were evaluated by negative contrast staining technique of malachite green and through the reaction of nested PCR for amplification of DNA fragments of the 18S subunit of the RNA gene ribosomal. Occurrence of 5.33 % ( 16/300 for malachite green and 4.66 % ( 14/300 by PCR was observed, whereas no correlation was found between positive and variables studied. Through molecular characterization were identified Cryptosporidium andersoni and Cryptosporidium ryanae species. In conclusion, we observed a low incidence of infection and elimination of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts, the absence of clinical signs in animals, strong agreement between the results obtained by the two techniques. Beyond, with the molecular characterization ( nested PCR , species of C. andersoni and C. ryanae were diagnosed in age groups not present in the literature. These two species of Cryptosporidium are described above for the first time parasitizing cattle in the state of Minas Gerais.

  19. First report on the presence of Biomphalaria straminea in the municipality of Jaboticatubas, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Lara Massara

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available This is the first report on occurrence of Biomphalaria straminea in the district of São José de Almeida (municipality of Jaboticatubas State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The presence of B. glabrata and B. tenagophila had already been reported in this area. Such municipality is part of the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte and comprises 60% of the Tourist Complex of Serra do Cipó. Since the 1950s throughout the 1990s, a schistosomiasis prevalence ranging from 15 to 40% has been observed. Although no B. straminea specimen has been found naturally infected in the region, descendants of these snails collected in the area, showed to be experimentally susceptible to Schistosoma mansoni infection reaching rates from 14.6 to 28.6%. Even not being found naturally infected, in the State of Minas Gerais, the possibility that the species B. straminea may keep endemicity foci of schistosomiasis should be regarded, as in the Northeastern region of Brazil where the high density of this planorbid and the social-economic and sanitary conditions enable to the transmission.

  20. Effect of trellising system on grape and wine composition of Syrah vines grown in the cerrado region of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Vieira da Mota

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the concept that the trellising system affects not only sunlight interception and carbon assimilation, but also the fruitzone microclimate, which has a great impact on fruit composition and consequently on wine quality, the effect of two trellising systems - Vertical Shoot Position (VSP and modified Geneva Double Curtain (GDC - on wine and berry composition of Syrah grapes grown in João Pinheiro, Northeast region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil was investigated. The parameters such as pH, berry size and weight, and seeds total phenolic contents were not affected by the training system. The GDC system produced fruits with the highest Brix and lowest titratable acidity. Berries from the VSP system presented lower anthocyanin concentration than those from the GDC system. Similar results were found for the total phenolic content of the skin of grape berries from the VSP system. GDC wines were characterized by high anthocyanin content and red color, resulting in wines with high color intensity. These data suggest that in the tropical region of Minas Gerais state, with high temperature and high sunlight intensity, the trellising system, which protects bunches against excessive radiation, should be chosen.

  1. PUBLIC EXPENDITURE AND PUBLIC POLICY: AN ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE IN MATERNAL AND CHILDHOOD NETWORK IN MINAS GERAIS STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisson Maciel de Faria Marques

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study examined the effects of public spending on the delivery of public policy. For this, we selected health policy, in Minas Gerais. The programmatic action chosen was the Programa de Redução da Mortalidade Infantil e Materna em Minas Gerais, also called Programa Viva Vida, from the resources involved in implementing this policy. Methods: It was analyzed the initial and final years of 2002 and 2009. The methodology consists of two separate tools. The first tool is through the analysis of indicators. The second tool used was data envelopment analysis (DEA in the analysis of efficiency. Data on health care delivery were obtained from the Departamento de Informática do SUS (DATASUS. The data used were collected in October 2011. Results: The results suggest a specific increase access to maternal and child health activities in the municipalities of the state, but with the maintenance of inequalities between regions of the state. Conclusions: The resources invested, the study suggests, encouraged the expansion of access to a process that has not undergone change. The result is proportional to the maintenance of newborns with low birth weight and / or prematurity and maternal deaths.

  2. Life history, biomass and production of Coronatella rectangula (Branchiopoda, Anomopoda, Chydoridae from Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thais Viti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Species of Chydoridae provide the main diversity of the Cladocera. These organisms have been the subject of many studies; some dealing with their role in energy flow in aquatic ecosystems, since they inhabit the littoral region of water bodies which undergo the first impacts from anthropic activities. The aim of this study is to increase knowledge about the life cycle of Coronatella rectangula (Sars, 1861, a species found in several water bodies in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The life cycle was determined by the culture of parthenogenetic females under controlled conditions in the laboratory. Experimental cultures were maintained in growth chambers at a constant temperature of 23.6(±0.5ºC, through a 12 h light/12 h dark photoperiod. The organisms were fed on a suspension of Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (Chlorophyceae (10(5 cells.mL-1, and 0.02 mL of a mixed suspension of yeast and fish ration added per organism in equal proportions (1:1. Fifty parthenogenetic females with eggs were isolated and maintained until they produced neonates. Thirty of these neonates that had less than 24 hours were put in polypropylene bottles of 50 mL and kept in a germination chamber. These organisms were observed daily to obtain the parameters of the life cycle. Biomass and secondary production were also calculated. The embryonic development time of the specimens of C. rectangula was 1.68(±0.13 days and the time to reach primipara, was 2.48(±0.45 days. The mean fecundity of C. rectangula was two eggs/female/brood and the total number of eggs produced by the female during its life cycle was 27.8 eggs. During the whole life cycle, specimens of C. rectangula had a maximum of 14 seedlings, with two instars in the juvenile stage. Total biomass for C. rectangula was 36.66 µgDW.m-3(9.83 for the juvenile stage and 26.82 µgDW.m-3 for adults, and secondary production was 12.10 µgDW.m-3.day-1(8.34 µgDW.m-3.day-1 for egg production and 3.76 µgDW.m-3.day-1 for

  3. O estudante de medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais: perfil e tendências

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira R.A.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: A proposta deste trabalho é investigar o perfil socioeconômico, o motivo de estudar medicina, a opção por especialidade e residência médica e a preferência em trabalhar como profissional liberal ou assalariado entre os estudantes de medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG. MÉTODO: Durante o ano de 1997, realizou-se estudo comparativo entre os estudantes de medicina da UFMG do 5º período, iniciando o ciclo clínico, e aqueles do internato, terminando o ciclo clínico. Como instrumento foi utilizado um questionário distribuído a todos alunos das duas turmas. RESULTADOS: Houve grande semelhança entre os estudantes de 5º período e os do internato. Em torno de 50% dos estudantes eram do sexo feminino, mais da metade procedeu da capital do Estado, em Belo Horizonte, nasceu em família pequena com menos de três filhos, foi aprovada no primeiro vestibular e o pai cursou escola superior. A renda familiar situou-se entre 10 e 50 salários em 2/3 dos casos. Estes dados são compatíveis com a origem de classe média alta, embora em aproximadamente 12% a renda familiar foi inferior a 10 salários. A grande maioria estudou medicina por vocação ou altruísmo (80%, raramente por questões de mercado (<5%. Houve grande preferência pela medicina como profissão liberal (98%, mas em torno de 80% aceitaria o emprego público como alternativa. Quase todos (98% pretendiam fazer residência médica e se tornar especialistas, poucos (<20% indicaram entre estas as especialidades de área geral, como clínica médica, gineco-obstetrícia, pediatria e cirurgia. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo mostrou perfil socioeconômico relativamente elevado do estudante de medicina da UFMG e preferência pela prática especializada da medicina.

  4. ESTRESSE OCUPACIONAL EM TRABALHADORES DE UMA AUTOESCOLA DE JANAÚBA, MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernandes Gonçalves Dias

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se traçar o perfil sociodemográfico, histórico ocupacional e identificar os principais fatores estressores entre os colaboradores de uma Autoescola em Janaúba, Minas Gerais. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de natureza quantitativa, realizado com 18 funcionários de uma autoescola. Os dados foram coletados no período de maio a junho de 2016, por meio de um questionário estruturado em três dimensões (I: dados socioeconômicos; II: informações ocupacionais; III: informações específicas causadoras de estresse. Os resultados mostraram que 72% dos profissionais estudados eram do sexo masculino. A idade variou de 25 a 45 anos e o estado civil entre casados e solteiros, sendo que 78% têm como escolaridade máxima o 2° grau completo. Observou-se que os principais e mais frequentes fatores desencadeadores do estresse ocupacional foram o excessivo controle, por parte da gerência, nas atividades desempenhadas, responsabilidade não claramente definida e falta de reconhecimento pelo trabalho realizado. Acredita-se que esses fatores podem justificar que os trabalhadores entendam que suas sugestões não são consideradas pelos superiores, na tomada de decisões, assim como podem influenciar na percepção de que o trabalho do colega de serviço seja insatisfatório e gerar a sensação de falta de cumprimento da ética profissional e impressão de deslealdade por parte dos colegas. Dessa forma, é importante a valorização dos profissionais de modo a proporcionar excelência em seus serviços prestados, destacando, ainda, os benefícios de um ambiente favorável à boa rotina de trabalho e, posteriormente, à qualidade de vida dos trabalhadores.

  5. Factors associated with death from dengue in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil: historical cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Kauara Brito; Amâncio, Frederico Figueiredo; de Araújo, Valdelaine Etelvina Miranda; Carneiro, Mariângela

    2015-02-01

    To analyse the clinical and epidemiological profiles of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), dengue shock syndrome (DSS) and complicated dengue cases and deaths from 2008 to 2010 that occurred in the state of Minas Gerais, south-eastern Brazil, and to identify factors associated with death from dengue. Historical cohort study using data from the Brazilian Information System for Notifiable Diseases. A descriptive analysis of the DHF, DSS and complicated dengue cases and deaths was performed; the incidence, mortality and case-fatality rates were estimated. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with death from dengue. Comorbidities were not included in the analysis because the information system does not contain such data. During the study period, 2214 DHF, DSS and complicated dengue cases were reported, including 156 deaths. The annual case-fatality rates for DHF/DSS and complicated dengue cases in the period of 2008-2010 were 7.3%, 4.8% and 7.9%, respectively. The factors associated with death from dengue included residence in a municipality with a population of fewer than 100,000 inhabitants [odds ratio (OR) 2.46; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.71-3.55], age over 65 years (OR 3.05; 95% CI 1.99-4.68) and plasma leakage (OR 1.69; 95% CI 1.16-2.46). The results support the importance of plasma leakage as a warning sign associated with death from dengue as well as the signs and symptoms that allow the diagnosis of DHF. Moreover, our findings suggest that increased attention is necessary for individuals over 65 years of age and in municipalities with populations under 100,000 inhabitants to ensure a better quality of care during the management of severe patients of dengue in these locations. Differences in the interpretation of the DHF definition have hindered the comparison of data from different countries; it can improve from the WHO 2009 dengue classification. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Dangerous universal donors: the reality of the Hemocentro in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Martins Godin

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The term dangerous universal blood donor refers to potential agglutination of the erythrocytes of non-O recipients due to plasma of an O blood group donor, which contains high titers of anti-A and/or anti-B hemagglutinins. Thus, prior titration of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins is recommended to prevent transfusion reactions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of dangerous universal donors in the blood bank of Belo Horizonte (Fundação Central de Imuno-Hematologia - Fundação Hemominas - Minas Gerais by determining the titers of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins in O blood group donors. METHOD: A total of 400 O blood group donors were randomly selected, from March 2014 to January 2015. The titers of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins (IgM and IgG classes were obtained using the tube titration technique. Dangerous donors were those whose titers of anti-A or anti-B IgM were ≥128 and/or the titers of anti-A or anti-B IgG were ≥256. Donors were characterized according to gender, age and ethnicity. The hemagglutinins were characterized by specificity (anti-A and anti-B and antibody class (IgG and IgM. RESULTS: Almost one-third (30.5% of the O blood group donors were universal dangerous. The frequency among women was higher than that of men (p-value = 0.019; odds ratio: 1.66; 95% confidence interval: 1.08-2.56 and among young donors (18-29 years old it was higher than for donors between 49 and 59 years old (p-value = 0.015; odds ratio: 3.05; 95% confidence interval: 1.22-7.69. There was no significant association between dangerous universal donors and ethnicity, agglutinin specificity or antibody class. CONCLUSION: Especially platelet concentrates obtained by apheresis (that contain a substantial volume of plasma, coming from dangerous universal donors should be transfused in isogroup recipients whenever possible in order to prevent the occurrence of transfusion reactions.

  7. Vespas sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae em lavouras de Coffea arabica L. (Rubiaceae no Sul de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina de Laira Freitas

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available As vespas sociais desempenham importante função nas comunidades, seja nos ecossistemas naturais seja nos agrícolas, realizando a polinização e/ou predação de outros organismos, principalmente de lagartas, o que revela seu potencial para o controle biológico. Objetivou-se com este trabalho inventariar a fauna de vespas sociais existentes em áreas de cultivo de café nos municípios de Inconfidentes e Ouro Fino, sul de Minas Gerais; verificar a atratividade de quatro iscas, além de avaliar a Influência de um fragmento de mata nativa sobre a riqueza e abundância das espécies. Foram capturados 3.405 indivíduos de vespas sociais, distribuídas em oito gêneros e 19 espécies. O cafezal associado a fragmento florestal, no município de Inconfidentes, registrou maior riqueza específica (S=17, abundância (N=2.656 e dominância (D= 0, 4448. O gênero Polybia foi o mais representativo, com sete espécies (37%. Agelaia pallipes (51% e Agelaia multipicta (15% foram as espécies mais abundantes. O índice de similaridade entre as áreas foi de 65%, com 13 espécies comuns. As armadilhas atrativas são eficientes para a coleta das espécies vespas sociais; e a manutenção de áreas de vegetação natural próximas aos cultivos garante uma maior abundância de espécies. No entanto, parece não ficar clara a influência da área de mata sobre a riqueza, pelo fato de várias espécies de vespas sociais serem euriécias.

  8. Prevalence and risk factors for porcine cysticercosis in rural communities of eastern Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio C. Acevedo-Nieto

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium, a parasitic zoonosis that affects human and pigs raised free-range in developing countries. The epidemiology of the taeniosis cysticercosis complex in Brazil is poorly understood especially when it comes to field research. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis in rural communities located in the east of Minas Gerais (MG, Brazil. From 371 farms in the county of Tumiritinga/MG, 101 farms from 14 communities were randomly sampled. Blood samples from pigs were collected, and epidemiological questionnaires were carried out. The serum samples obtained were analyzed through immunodiagnosis techniques, including ELISA and Western Blot, both for the detection of antibodies. The data obtained by different surveys were analyzed using EpiInfo 3.5.1 software to determine seroprevalence and risk factors associated with cysticercosis. The prevalence of farms with porcine cysticercosis was 9.9% (10/101 and antibody-based seropositive was 5.3% (13/247. The results indicate that cysticercosis occurs in high level in the rural area never studied before. These results suggest the presence of tapeworm carriers contributing to the occurrence and maintenance of this zoonotic life cycle in the county. Regarding risk factors, the most significant determinants for porcine cysticercosis in the field were free-range pig management (OR: 17.4, p: 0.0001, the method of disposal of human faeces in the environmental (OR: 7.6; p 0.012, and the size of the farm. Porcine cysticercosis was diagnosed only in areas represented by Agrarian Reform Settlements. From the results, it is possible to recommend as a means of control and prevention the destination of human faeces in appropriate sanitary landfills and the production of pigs in an enclosed area. Additionally, improving education in the communities sampled will indirectly affect the spreading of

  9. Dangerous universal donors: the reality of the Hemocentro in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godin, Mariana Martins; Souza, Lucas de Oliveira; Schmidt, Luciana Cayres; Vieira, Lauro Mello; Diniz, Rejane Silva; Dusse, Luci Maria SantAna

    2016-01-01

    The term dangerous universal blood donor refers to potential agglutination of the erythrocytes of non-O recipients due to plasma of an O blood group donor, which contains high titers of anti-A and/or anti-B hemagglutinins. Thus, prior titration of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins is recommended to prevent transfusion reactions. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of dangerous universal donors in the blood bank of Belo Horizonte (Fundação Central de Imuno-Hematologia - Fundação Hemominas - Minas Gerais) by determining the titers of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins in O blood group donors. A total of 400 O blood group donors were randomly selected, from March 2014 to January 2015. The titers of anti-A and anti-B hemagglutinins (IgM and IgG classes) were obtained using the tube titration technique. Dangerous donors were those whose titers of anti-A or anti-B IgM were ≥128 and/or the titers of anti-A or anti-B IgG were ≥256. Donors were characterized according to gender, age and ethnicity. The hemagglutinins were characterized by specificity (anti-A and anti-B) and antibody class (IgG and IgM). Almost one-third (30.5%) of the O blood group donors were universal dangerous. The frequency among women was higher than that of men (p-value=0.019; odds ratio: 1.66; 95% confidence interval: 1.08-2.56) and among young donors (18-29 years old) it was higher than for donors between 49 and 59 years old (p-value=0.015; odds ratio: 3.05; 95% confidence interval: 1.22-7.69). There was no significant association between dangerous universal donors and ethnicity, agglutinin specificity or antibody class. Especially platelet concentrates obtained by apheresis (that contain a substantial volume of plasma), coming from dangerous universal donors should be transfused in isogroup recipients whenever possible in order to prevent the occurrence of transfusion reactions. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Hematologia, Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular. Published by

  10. Historical assessment of uranium release by the ore treatment unit - at Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil from 1999 to 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, W.S.; Carmo, R.F.; Py Junior, D.A., E-mail: pereiraws@gmail.com [Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (INB), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Unidade de Tratamento de Minerio. Grupo Multidisciplinar de Radioprotecao; Kelecom, A., E-mail: akelecom@id.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (LARARA-PLS/GETA/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria Pedro Lopes dos Santos. Grupo de Estudos em Temas Ambientais; Pereira, J.R.S., E-mail: pereirarsj@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The Ore Treatment Unit (OTU) is located at the source of three rivers: Ribeirao das Antas, Ribeirao do Soberbo and Corrego da Consulta. Each interface of installation with the environment, at the tree rivers, has been monitored for the release of radionuclides. At Ribeirao das Antas a weekly sample collection was made at point 014. At Ribeirao Soberbo there was a weekly sample collection at point 025, and at Corrego da Consulta a monthly collection was carried out at point 076. This work analyses the average annual releases of uranium from the historical series started in 1999 and ended in 2011. Points 014 and 025 showed average release of 0.12 Bq L{sup -1}. Point 076 showed somewhat higher average release, 1.27 Bq L{sup -1}. An Analysis Of Variance test (ANOVA) has been carried out to verify the existence of different means between these collecting points. The averages were considered statistically different. As a complementary analysis, the Student's t test was performed between the averages at considered points. Between points 014 and 025, the averages were considered identical. Between points 014 and 076, the average release at point 076 was considered higher than that at point 014. The same behavior was observed between points 025 and 076. The releases at point 076 were considered higher than those at point 025. Thus it can be concluded that releases at points 014 and 025 are identical and both are lower than releases at point 076. (author)

  11. Práticas de uso de antimicrobianos em rebanhos bovinos de unidades de agricultura familiar no Norte de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Vanessa Amaro; Oliveira, Neide Judith Faria de; Almeida,Anna Christina de; Pereira, Augusto Andrade; Félix, Thiago Meireles

    2016-01-01

    Objetivou-se avaliar o uso de antimicrobianos em rebanhos bovinos do Norte de Minas Gerais. Em 15 propriedades de Icaraí de Minas (n=5), Juramento (n=5) e Montes Claros (n=5) aplicou-se questionário semi-estruturado abordando doenças tratadas, identificação da mastite, aquisição e acompanhamento da bula do produto e o destino do leite com resíduos de medicamento. Os antibióticos foram mais utilizados contra a mastite e o California Mastitis Test foi a técnica mais usada em Icaraí de Minas. Pa...

  12. Sennius Bridwell (Coleoptera, Bruchidae: novas espécies predadoras de sementes de Chamaecrista Moench (Caesalpinaceae da Serra do Cipó, Santana do Riacho, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva José Aldir Pinto da

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The four new species Sennius bruneus sp. nov., S. kingsolveri sp. nov., S. maculatus sp. nov. and S. niger sp. nov., predators of seeds of Chamaecrista Moench (Caesalpinaceae from Serra do Cipó, Santana doRiacho, Minas Gerais, Brazil are described, and their host species listed. A key to the four species is also included.

  13. Sennius Bridwell (Coleoptera, Bruchidae): novas espécies predadoras de sementes de Chamaecrista Moench (Caesalpinaceae) da Serra do Cipó, Santana do Riacho, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, José Aldir Pinto da; Ribeiro-Costa, Cibele Stramare; Johnson, Clarence Dan

    2003-01-01

    The four new species Sennius bruneus sp. nov., S. kingsolveri sp. nov., S. maculatus sp. nov. and S. niger sp. nov., predators of seeds of Chamaecrista Moench (Caesalpinaceae) from Serra do Cipó, Santana doRiacho, Minas Gerais, Brazil are described, and their host species listed. A key to the four species is also included.

  14. Analysis of the Representation of Cretaceous Period in Textbooks Used in Schools in the Western Region of the City of Ituiutaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Emerson J. F.; Moura, Gerusa G.; dos A. Candeiro, Carlos R.

    2013-01-01

    This article aims to analyze the geography textbooks, which are being used in the public schools of the city of Ituiutaba, Depth of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The research also seeks to address the ways and methods being employed by the teachers of these schools for studies that include the teaching of Geology and Geosciences. In this study, survey…

  15. The ecology of Triatoma sordida in natural environments in two different regions of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil Ecologia do Triatoma sordida no ambiente silvestre de duas diferentes regiões do estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Diotaiuti

    1993-06-01

    Full Text Available A study was undertaken about T. sordida in the natural environment in two different regions of the state of Minas Gerais: Itapagipe (Triângulo, an area of cerrado modified by the formation of fields of pasture and agriculture, and Mato Verde (north an area of transition between caatinga and cerrado with profound deforestation in the last years due to the expansion of cotton cultivation. In both regions the principal ecotopes identified were hollow trees and the bark of live or dead trees, where the occurrence of a food source is not frequent. In this environment, the triatomines utilize various food sources; opposums appear to represent an important source of infection. In the north of Minas, a greater concentration of reservoirs and vectors was observed than in the Triángulo which could explain the higher level of infection of the triatomines in the north. Close attention to the process of domiciliation of T. sordida in the north of Minas is recommended where an extensive intervention by man in the natural environment has occurred and where a rise in the population of triatomines in the peridomestic environment has been observed in recent years.Foi realizado um estudo sobre o T. sordida em ambiente silvestre em duas diferentes regiões do estado de Minas Gerais: Itapagipe (Triângulo, área de cerrado modificado para formação de campos de pastagem e agricultura, e Mato Verde (norte uma área de transição entre a caatinga e o cerrado, profundamente desmatada nos últimos anos com a finalidade de expansão do cultivo de algodão. Em ambas as regiões, os principais ecotopos identificados corresponderam a buracos e cascas de árvores vivas ou mortas, onde a ocorrência de fontes de alimentação não é frequente. Neste ambiente, os triatomíneos utilizam-se de variadas fontes de alimentação; gambás parecem representar urna importante fonte de infecção. No norte de Minas, observou-se urna maior concentração de reservatórios e vetores

  16. Eficiência na seleção de progênies de cafeeiro avaliadas em Minas Gerais Selection efficiency of coffee progenies evaluated in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Frota Pinto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo verificar a eficiência de seleção das progênies de cafeeiros derivadas do cruzamento entre Catuaí com Icatu e com Híbrido de Timor. Foram avaliadas 18 progênies desenvolvidas pelo Programa de Melhoramento Genético da Epamig/UFLA/UFV. Os ensaios foram instalados em dezembro de 2005, nas cidades de Lavras, Campos Altos e Patrocínio, em Minas Gerais. As características analisadas foram as seguintes: produtividade, grãos retidos em peneira "17 acima" e frutos cereja em porcentagem. Para verificar a eficiência de seleção, foi aplicado o índice de coincidência segundo métodos de HAMBLIN and ZIMMERMANN (1986 e a magnitude da interação progênies x ambientes e sua decomposição em parte simples e complexa utilizando método de CRUZ e CASTOLDI (1991. A predominância da parte complexa em relação à simples na interação das progênies x ambientes confirma a baixa ou não coincidência das progênies nos diferentes ambientes, dificultando uma recomendação generalizada para as diferentes regiões cafeeiras do Estado.The present work had the aim of verifying the selection efficiency of coffee plants originated from the crossing between Catuaí and Icatu with Timor Hybrid. Eighteen progenies developed by the Program of Genetic Improvement of Epamig/UFLA/UFV were evaluated. Coffee plants were planted in December 2005 in the following counties: Lavras, Campos Altos and Patrocínio, in the State of Minas Gerais. The characteristics analyzed were: productivity, grain size and proportion of cherry fruit. In order to verify the efficiency of the selection, the index of coincidence was applied according to the methodology of HAMBLIN and ZIMMERMANN (1986, as well as the magnitude of the interaction progenies x environments and its decomposition in simple and complex parts using the methodology of CRUZ and CASTOLDI (1991. The predominance of the complex part in relation to the simple one in the

  17. Estudo da potencialidade de populações de Biomphalaria straminea do Estado de Minas Gerais, como hospedeiras do Schistosoma mansoni Potentiality of the Biomphalaria straminea populations of the State of Minas Gerais, as hosts of Schistosoma mansoni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Pereira de Souza

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Caramujos de Biomphalaria straminea, descendentes de exemplares coletados em nove municípios do Estado de Minas Gerais, foram infectados experimentalmente com três cepas de Schistosoma mansoni: "LE", procedente de Belo Horizonte (MG; "SJ", procedente de São José dos Campos (SP e "AL" procedente do Nordeste (AL. As taxas de infeção variaram de 0,0 a 24,0% com a cepa "LE"; de 0,0 a 16% com a cepa "SJ" e de 2,0 a 9,0% com a cepa "AL". Os índices de infecção experimental obtidos foram semelhantes aos registrados por outros autores, para B. straminea dessa região. Comparou-se o número de cercárias de cepa "LE", eliminadas por oito exemplares de B. straminea de Baldim e oito Biomphalaria glabrata do controle, após 30 minutos de exposição à luz. O número de cercárias eliminadas por B. straminea foi de 4.550, aproximadamente cinco vezes menor que o de B. glabrata, 22.679. Discute-se a potencialidade desses moluscos como hospedeiros do S. mansoni nessa região.The decendents of Biomphalaria straminea snails collected in nine regions from the State of Minas Gerais were experimentally infected with three strains of Schistosoma mansoni: "LE", from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais; "SJ", from São José dos Campos, State of São Paulo and "AL", from State of Alagoas. The infection rates obtained were of 0 to 24% (LE strain, 0 to 16% (SJ strain and 2 to 9% (AL strain. These infection rates were similar to those obtained by other authors for B. straminea from this region. Comparation were made between the numbers of cercariae (LE strain shed by eight specimens of B. straminea from Baldim and eight B. glabrata of the control group, after 30 minutes of exposure to light. B. straminea shed 4,550 cercariae, about five times less than B. glabrata (22,679. The authors discuss the potentiality of theses molluscs as hosts of S. mansoni in this region.

  18. A experiência barroca e a identidade local na Semana Santa de Campanha, Minas Gerais The baroque experience and local Identity in the Holy Week of Campanha, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzel Ana Reily

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a formação de uma sensibilidade barroca em Minas Gerais a partir da orientação participativa e altamente emotiva das festas coloniais, cujo legado se mantem presente nas festas religiosas de muitas antigas cidades mineradoras do estado. Enfocando as celebrações da Semana Santa na cidade sul-mineira de Campanha, o texto mostra como este evento anual era organizado pela Irmandade do Santíssimo Sacramento, passando então às mãos de uma comissão local após a extinção da irmandade. Se até meados do século XIX, havia músicos semi-profissionais contratados para tocar e cantar nas celebrações, a música foi assumida progressivamente por grupos de amadores. Assim, a festa passou a ser entendida como uma produção local e a cada ano a população renova o seu orgulho campanhense, ao contemplar sua capacidade de produzir um evento tão 'maravilhoso'.This paper analyses the formation of a baroque sensibility in the State of Minas Gerais (Brazil that derives from the participatory and highly emotive orientation of the colonial festivals, the legacy of which is still present in many former mining towns in the region. By focusing upon the Holy Week celebrations in Campanha, a small town in southern Minas Gerais, the text shows how this annual event was organized by the Confraternity of the Holy Sacrament, but was then transferred to a local committee after the confraternity was made extinct. If up to the mid 19th century there were semi-professional musicians to perform for the celebrations, responsibility for the music was slowly taken over by amateur groups. In this way the festival came to be understood as a local affair, and each year the population renews its pride in itself for its capacity to stage such a 'marvelous' event.

  19. Epidemia de nefrite por Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus: estudo de caso-controle no município de Monte Santo de Minas, Minas Gerais, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia de Almeida Soares

    Full Text Available Resumo OBJETIVO: investigar a epidemia de nefrite por Streptococcus zooepidemicus em Monte Santo de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brasil. MÉTODOS: realizou-se estudo de caso-controle e tentativa de isolamento do agente, no período de janeiro a abril de 2013, utilizando-se dados clínicos, laboratoriais, de entrevistas e de inspeções. RESULTADOS: houve 417 casos notificados e 175 (42,0% confirmados, dos quais 90,9% residiam no município e 67,4% eram do sexo feminino, com idade mediana de 36 anos; 24% dos casos foram hospitalizados; três sorveterias do município utilizavam leite do laticínio A; houve associação significativa entre adoecimento e consumo do leite A (odds ratio [OR]=4,16/IC95%: 1,55;11,18, um dos sorvetes feito com esse leite (OR=3,09/IC95%: 1,39;6,86 e milk shake de leite não industrializado (OR=3,25/IC95%: 1,13;9,36; não se detectou a bactéria em propriedades rurais. CONCLUSÃO: a epidemia de nefrite por Streptococcus zooepidemicus foi associada ao consumo de leite e derivados.

  20. First record of Eremotherium laurillardi (Lund, 1842) (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Megatheriidae) in the Quaternary of Uberaba, Triângulo Mineiro (Minas Gerais State), Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinelli, Agustín G.; Ferraz, Patrícia Fonseca; Cunha, Gabriel Cardoso; Cunha, Isabella Cardoso; de Souza Carvalho, Ismar; Borges Ribeiro, Luiz Carlos; Neto, Francisco Macedo; Cavellani, Camila Lourencini; de Paula Antunes Teixeira, Vicente; da Fonseca Ferraz, Mara Lúcia

    2012-08-01

    Although the occurrence of Pleistocene mammals is abundant in many localities of Minas Gerais State (e.g., Lagoa Santa, Janaúba, Bambuí, Cordisburgo, Patos de Minas, Araxá), there are no references at present of Quaternary megafauna in Uberaba, Triângulo Mineiro, southeastern Brazil. This region is traditionally recognized for its taxonomically diverse fauna of the Late Cretaceous Bauru Group. In 2006, fossil material attributed to giant ground sloth Eremotherium laurillardi (Xenarthra, Megatheriidae), a typical taxon of the Brazilian Pleistocene, was discovered in the Uberaba City (Minas Gerais State). The specimen (CPP 1122) which is here described consists of several cranial and postcranial bones of a single individual. The material was confined to a small alluvial deposit, yielding in the Córrego da Saudade stream, which due its restricted area distribution it is not represented in geological maps.

  1. Optimization in mammography - monthly monitoring of image quality at the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil; Otimizacao em mamografia - monitoramento mensal da qualidade da imagem no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joana, Georgia S.; Andrade, Mauricio C. de; Silva, Sabrina D. da; Silva, Rafael R. da; Cesar, Adriana C.Z.; Oliveira, Mauricio de, E-mail: georgia.santos@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: mauricio.cavalcanti@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: adrianac@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: mauricio.oliveira@saude.mg.gov.b [Secretaria de Estado da Saude de Minas Gerais (SVS/SES-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Superintendencia de Vigilancia Sanitaria; Oliveira, Marcio A.; Nogueira, Maria do S., E-mail: marcio.alves@saude.mg.gov.b, E-mail: mnogue@cdtn.b [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Peixoto, Joao E. [Instituto Nacional de Cancer (INCA), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The State Program of Quality Control in Mammography (PECQMamo) of the state of Minas Gerais was established in 2004 and consists of tests for evaluation of image quality and performance of equipment used in the diagnosis of breast cancer, and evaluation the infrastructure of mammography centers. The monthly monitoring of image quality in mammography is part of this program that has been executed since May 2009 with a character essentially educational. In the assessment of individual services that participate in the monthly monitoring, there was an increased percentage of average annual compliance from 2009 to 2010 in all 85 services with the exception of one service. Therefore, evolution of the performance of the services evaluated, since the program began, shows a positive impact on the numbers, confirming the relevance of this type of operation of Sanitary Surveillance in the area of quality in mammography. (author)

  2. Competitividade industrial de Minas Gerais no período 1985-2000: um enfoque econométrico Industrial competitiveness in Minas Gerais in 1985-2000: an econometric approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gonçalves

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an econometric analysis of competitiveness indicators related to entrepreneurial efficiency, specially those associated with relative potential competitiveness. Such indicators are obtained by means of the relation between real wage series and labor productivity in the state of Minas Gerais compared to the national indicators. This test is applied to data collected from the Pesquisa Industrial Mensal (Monthly Industrial Survey conducted by the IBGE (the Brazilian statistics agency. The econometric characteristics of the competitiveness indicators series are analyzed using the Augmented Dickey-Fuller and Perron tests. The date of break is endogenously determined. The results are different according to the industrial sector under consideration, moment of structural adjustment in 1985-2000, and the existence or absence of an increasing or a decreasing trajectory for industrial competitiveness.

  3. Modelagem da proteção do solo por plantas de cobertura no sul de Minas Gerais = Modeling of soil protection by cover crops in southern Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Antonio França de Freitas

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A cobertura do solo é o fator de maior importância relativa no controle da erosão hídrica. Assim, objetivou-se no presente estudo elaborar a modelagem da cobertura vegetal de vinte e quatro plantas de cobertura, em diversos sistemas de plantio e históricos de uso, com potencial para cultivo no Sul de Minas Gerais. Para avaliação da cobertura vegetal foram realizadas avaliações no campo utilizando uma régua de classificação da cobertura vegetal, sendo o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com três repetições, utilizado neste experimento. As plantas cultivadas sobre a palhada de feijãoirrigado apresentaram alto índice de cobertura do solo, o que pode estar relacionado à maior disponibilidade de nutrientes deixado por esta cultura na palhada e a maior reserva de água no solo, promovido pela irrigação do feijão. O milheto cultivado em nível e sobre a palhada de milheto e feijão-de-porco apresentou o menor índice de cobertura entre as plantas testadas. Na região sul de Minas Gerais os padrões de chuvas ocorrem em maior quantidade nos períodos de outubro a março, com elevação em dezembro e janeiro. Neste período o solo deve estar protegido do impacto da gota de chuva, pois o risco de erosão hídrica é maior. Assim, a utilização das plantas de cobertura é de grande importância, pois estas protegem o solo do impacto direto dasgotas de chuvas e diminuem os picos de temperatura do solo, sendo que estas devem ser cultivadas, preferencialmente, sobre a palhada de feijão.The ground cover is the most important factor relative to control erosion. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop a model plant cover for 24 cover crops used in several cropping systems and historical use, with potential for cultivation in southern Minas Gerais State, Brazil. To evaluate the vegetation cover field assessments using the strip land cover classification. A completely randomized design with three replications was

  4. Soroprevalência e fatores de risco para Babesia bovis em rebanhos leiteiros na região sul de minas gerais Seroprevalence and risk factors for Babesia bovis in dairy cattle from region southern Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Marcos Guimarães

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Conduziu-se este trabalho, com o objetivo de determinar a prevalência e os fatores de risco associados à soropositividade para Babesia bovis em 556 bovinos leiteiros procedentes de dez propriedades localizadas no sul de Minas Gerais, as quais foram divididas em dois grupos de acordo com a produção média diária de leite: Alta Produção (AP >2.000 l de leite/dia, e Baixa Produção (BP 500 l de leite/dia. Os soros foram submetidos à reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI para pesquisa de anticorpos anti-B. bovis e considerados positivos na diluição de 1:320. A análise estatística foi realizada no programa SPSS 12.0 for Windows e se buscou determinar a associação entre níveis de positividade para B. bovis nos rebanhos e os fatores de risco por meio do Teste Exato de Fischer. Para testar a diferença das médias de soropositividade, foi utilizado o teste T Student e em todos os cálculos considerou-se o grau de significância de 95%. A prevalência média global de bovinos infectados por B. bovis foi de 94,1% (523/556. Não houve diferença significativa na frequência média de anticorpos anti-B. bovis entre as propriedades leiteiras dos grupos de AP (95,97% e BP (92,22%; e o mesmo resultado foi observado entre os animais jovens e adultos de ambos os grupos. Não foi observada associação significativa entre os fatores de risco avaliados e a taxa de bovinos positivos para B. bovis. A alta prevalência de rebanhos leiteiros soropositivos permite caracterizar, epidemiologicamente, a microrregião de Lavras, sul de Minas Gerais, como área de elevada estabilidade endêmica para B. bovis.The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with Babesia bovis infection in 556 dairy cattle from ten properties located in southern Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The herds were divided into two groups according to average daily milk production (liters: I- High Production (HP, >2,000 L milk/day; and II

  5. Indicações de transplante de córnea no Hospital São Geraldo da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Indications for penetrating corneal graft at the São Geraldo Hospital of Minas Gerais Federal University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Canhestro Neves

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Confrontar com a literatura os dados relacionados à idade, sexo e indicação dos transplantes penetrantes de córnea efetuados no Hospital São Geraldo da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, de janeiro de 1999 a dezembro de 2005. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo de 887 ceratopatias penetrantes, com dados obtidos dos arquivos da Central Estadual de Notificação de Minas Gerais, MG Transplantes, e dos prontuários dos pacientes do Departamento de Córnea do Hospital São Geraldo. Os dados analisados foram: idade, sexo e diagnóstico pré-operatório das alterações corneanas. As indicações de transplante do período de janeiro de 1999 a junho de 2002 foram comparadas as de julho de 2002 a dezembro de 2005. RESULTADOS: A média da idade dos pacientes foi de 48,3 anos, variando de 4 meses a 97 anos. As principais indicações de transplante penetrante de córnea foram: lesão ulcerativa (34,95%, ceratocone (16,35%, ceratopatia bolhosa do psedofácico (16,01%, leucoma (14,09%, falência primária (7,89%, rejeição (5,64%, distrofia endotelial de Fuchs (1,92%, outras distrofias (1,47%, causa indeterminada (1,23% e outras causas (0,45%. CONCLUSÃO: A principal indicação de transplante foi para úlcera de córnea em vias de perfuração ou perfurada, responsável por 310 ceratopatias penetrantes. As indicações eletivas mais frequentes de transplantes foram para ceratocone, ceratopatia bolhosa do psedofácico e leucoma, com o crescimento das indicações para ceratopatia bolhosa do psedofácico no período. Mesmo com um aumento significativo no número de transplantes realizados, estratégias que busquem reduzir a alta incidência de ceratopatias penetrantes emergenciais decorrentes de úlceras corneanas devem ser implantadas.PURPOSE: To determine and compare with the literature data related on age, sex and the main indications for penetrating keratoplasty at the São Geraldo Hospital of Federal Universidade of

  6. Técnicas cirúrgicas correntes para fissuras lábio-palatinas, em Minas Gerais, Brasil Current surgical techniques for cleft lip-palate in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Maris Ribeiro Paranaíba

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Fissuras do lábio e/ou palato (FL/P representam as anomalias congênitas crânio-facial mais comuns. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as técnicas cirúrgicas correntes na reabilitação de FL/P em um Serviço de referência no Estado de Minas Gerais. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo, 2002 a 2007, avaliando 109 portadores de FL/P não sindrômicas que tiveram o tratamento concluído. As dimensões de análise (identificação pessoal, classificação das FL/P e tratamento cirúrgico realizado foram obtidas a partir dos prontuários, sendo posteriormente construído banco de dados e as análises estatísticas realizadas pelo programa SPSS 13.0. Seguiu-se análise descritiva dos procedimentos cirúrgicos em função do tipo de FL/P encontrada. RESULTADOS: Entre os 109 pacientes, 65,1% foram do gênero masculino e 34,8% do feminino. Verificou-se que 45% dos pacientes apresentaram fissuras lábio-palatinas, 37,6% fissuras labiais e 17,4% fissuras palatinas. As técnicas correntes empregadas foram as de Millard e Spina para as queiloplastias, McComb para as rinoplastias e as de Veau e Van Langenbeeck para as palatoplastias. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo é o primeiro a abordar reabilitação em FL/P em Minas Gerais. Nas FL/P unilaterais houve a associação das técnicas de McComb, Veau e Millard, respectivamente, para rinoplastia, palatoplastia e queiloplastia, em 76,9% dos pacientes.Cleft lip and palate (CL/P are the most common congenital anomalies of the craniofacial region. AIM: to evaluate the surgical techniques used in CL/P treatment in a craniofacial deformities ward, in Minas Gerais. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, carried out between 2002 and 2007, we studied 109 individuals with non-syndromic CL/P submitted to treatment. The aspects analyzed (personal identification, classification of CL/P and surgical treatment performed were obtained from patient charts, and then we built a database and ran statistical analyses

  7. Pediculose capitis: prevalência em escolares da Rede Municipal Pública de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Pediculosis capitis: prevalence in students of the public school network of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Marcos Linardi

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available During 1985, 50,356 children and adolecents from 105 public schools of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State were questioned about or examined for head lice (Pediculus capitis. The mean prevalence of pediculosis, obtainde from the questionnaires and sometimes confirmed by head inspections, was 7.7% or else 10.2% when adjusted to 38,311 respondents. Current and past infestations combined - within a period of three months before survey - revealed a total prevalence of 57.4%. Significant differences were observed among socioeconomic levels, and grades of school age. The more prevalent categories among the factors studied were: sex - femal: 9.2% (P<0.001; ethnic group - white: 10.0% (P<0.001; hair length - long: 9.5% (P<0.05; year age-group - 1-5 years: 19.2% (P<0.001, with a peak in the 5th year (21.3%.

  8. Quels paysages dans les images produites autour de l’itinéraire touristique Estrada Real (Minas Gerais, Brésil) ? Que paisagens nas imagens produzidas ao redor do turista-Estrada Real (Minas Gerais, Brasil) ?

    OpenAIRE

    Philippe Beringuier; Allaoua Saadi

    2010-01-01

    Au-delà des clichés convenus et passablement contestables, les paysages du Brésil révèlent, à ceux qui s’en donnent la peine, un voyage diversifié à travers nature et culture d’un pays continent. Pour autant, la valorisation des paysages dans le domaine de l’activité touristique, en-dehors d’une consommation visuelle des hauts lieux, reste encore embryonnaire. L’Estrada Real, itinéraire touristique qui parcourt les états de São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro et du Minas Gerais sur près de 1200 km, a l...

  9. Study of fodder, urine and bovine milk in marginal region of the Rio das Vellhas, Curvelo - Minas Gerais, Brazil; Estudo de forragem, urina e leite bovino na regiao ribeirinha do Rio da Velhas, Curvelo - Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veado, Maria Adelaide R.V.; Oliveira, Arno H. de [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Nuclear]. E-mail: adelaide@nuclear.ufmg.br; heeren@nuclear.ufmg.br; fer@nuclear.ufmg.br; Veado, Julio Cesar C.; Melo, Marilia M. [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Escola de Veterinaria. Dept. de Clinica e Cirurgia Veterinarias]. E-mail: cambraia@vet.ufmg.br; Menezes, Maria Angela de B.C [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Setor de Radioquimica. Supervisao de Reator e Radioanalise]. E-mail: menezes@urano.cdtn.br

    2000-07-01

    The parametric technique k{sub 0} of neutronic activation was used for determination of elements in samples of bovine urine and milk and fodder plant, of the region of farming production of Curvelo - Minas Gerais, Brazil. The samples had been collected in farms next to the margins to the Rio das Velhas that periodically suffer flooding in the rainy station. Clinical veterinarians studies disclose that many animals created in this region present illnesses with nervous symptomatology, suggestive of a picture of poisoning, however without definite diagnosis. These pathologies frequently are observed after the flooding. In this work had been determined the elements, Cr, Co, Zn among others. The results gotten in the different samples of urine and milk of the studied animals, as well as in the fodder plants, suggest that it has influence of loaded metals for waters of the high course of the basin river of Velhas.

  10. Comparison among chemical, mineralogical and physical analysis from alluvial clays from counties of Southwest of Minas Gerais state (Brazil); Comparacao entre as analises quimicas, mineralogicas e tecnologicas das argilas aluvionares de alguns municipios do sudoeste de Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaspar Junior, L.A., E-mail: lineo.gaspar@unifal-mg.edu.br [Universidade Federal de Alfenas (UNIALFENAS), MG (Brazil). Instituto de Ciencias da Natureza; Varajao, A.F.D.C. [Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP), MG (Brazil). Escola de Minas; Souza, M.H.O. [Universidade Federal de Uberlandia (UFU), MG (Brazil). Departamento de Geografia; Moreno, M.M.T. [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Rio Claro, SP (Brazil). Departamento de Petrologia e Metalogenia

    2011-07-01

    The studied area is located in the southwestern portion of Minas Gerais State, encompassing the counties of Alfenas, Areado, Machado, Poco Fundo, Campestre, Serrania, Monte Belo, Bandeira do Sul, Botelhos and Cabo Verde. This region is dominated by strongly weathered pre-cambrian rocks in association with colluvial-alluvial sediments. The present work consisted in a comparison among the mineralogical (X-Ray Diffraction), textural (Laser Granulometry), chemical (X-Ray Fluorescence) and technological (mechanical resistance, water absorption, etc, made in specimen tests) properties of the clays collected on potteries located in these counties. The mineralogical and chemical analysis displayed the kaolinitic nature of the clays from this region, showing also small amount of interlayered clays and large amount of quartz. The best results of physical analysis were obtained for clays from the counties of Cabo Verde and Monte Belo due to the presence of lower values of SiO{sub 2} (quartz) associated with a finer particle size distribution. (author)

  11. Regulação educativa e trabalho docente em Minas Gerais: a obrigação de resultados Education regulation and teaching work in Minas Gerais: the obligation of results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Augusto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a descrição e a análise das políticas educacionais em desenvolvimento no sistema estadual de ensino em Minas Gerais, tendo por objetivo identificar seus efeitos sobre as relações de trabalho docente. Tais políticas educacionais enquadram-se na modalidade de regulação educativa denominada obrigação de resultados, que compreende um conjunto de intervenções caracterizadas como medidas de controle com o propósito de obter maior eficácia escolar. O levantamento documental e a análise dos dados empíricos indicaram que as medidas empreendidas pelo governo concentram sobre os professores a responsabilização pelo êxito ou pelo fracasso dos alunos nos sistemas de avaliação em larga escala e nas avaliações regulares das escolas. A avaliação de desempenho dos professores e a avaliação institucional das escolas são vinculadas aos resultados escolares, sendo definidos centralmente, sem a participação dos professores, os percentuais de alunos que devem ser promovidos e os índices de proficiência a serem alcançados. Em tal contexto de cobrança de resultados, não são levadas em consideração as condições de trabalho docente na rede estadual de ensino em Minas Gerais. O artigo discute, com base nos autores pesquisados, novos modos de regulação educativa - mais horizontais e menos hierárquicos - na definição das políticas públicas de educação.This article presents the description and analysis of the education policies developed in Minas Gerais state education system. It aims to identify their effects on teachers' labor relations. Such education policies fit the modality of education regulation called obligation of results, which comprises a set of interventions characterized as control measures aimed at achieving greater school effectiveness. The documentary survey and empirical data analysis have indicated that the measures taken by the government focus on teachers' accountability for student

  12. Demanda de irrigação suplementar para a cultura do milho no estado de Minas Gerais Demand of supplemental irrigation for corn in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Araújo de Faria

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Com o emprego de um modelo de balanço hídrico e de técnicas de sistema de informações geográficas, a demanda máxima diária de irrigação suplementar para a cultura do milho, no Estado de Minas Gerais, foi simulada e espacializada. Consideraram-se solos de textura grossa (disponibilidade total de água - DTA: 0,6 mm cm-1, média (DTA = 1,2 mm cm-1 e fina (DTA = 1,8 mm cm-1. As precipitações dependentes diárias foram estimadas em nível de 75% de probabilidade, utilizando-se a distribuição gama, enquanto a evapotranspiração diária foi em nível de 50% de probabilidade, utilizando-se o modelo proposto por Penman-Monteith (Smith, 1991. Identificou-se, espacialmente, a melhor época de plantio para o milho, considerando-se a menor demanda de irrigação.Using a soil water balance model and a geographical information system, the daily maximum demand of supplemental irrigation for corn in the state of Minas Gerais was simulated and spacialized, for coarse (total available water - TAW: 0.6 mm cm-1, medium (TAW = 1.2 mm cm-1 and fine (TAW = 1.8 mm cm-1 soils. The daily dependable precipitations were estimated using the gamma distribution at 75% of probability and the daily evapotranspiration was computed using the Penman-Monteith (Smith, 1991 with 50% probability. The best planting date considering the lower supplemental irrigation demand was spacialized.

  13. Modelos de distribuição geográfi ca de Amaioua guianensis Aubl. em Minas Gerais, Brasil / Geographic distribution models of Amaioua guianensis Aubl. in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleyce Campos Dutra

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar o desempenho de 4 modelos utilizandodiferentes conjuntos de variáveis ambientais, variando em complexidade,na tentativa de prever a distribuição geográfi ca de Amaioua guianensisAubl. no Estado de Minas Gerais. Os pontos de ocorrência da espécie foramrecuperados no banco de dados TreeAtlan 1.0 para o Estado de Minas Gerais.As bases ambientais utilizadas para o trabalho compreendem coberturasclimáticas relacionadas com temperatura e precipitação, dados relativos aorelevo, distância do oceano, índices de vegetação do sensor MODIS, tipo desolo e litologia. Para a modelagem de distribuição da espécie foi utilizado oalgoritmo de Máxima Entropia (Maxent. Quatro alternativas de conjuntosde variáveis, foram gerados: com toda a base de dados, só com as variáveisbioclimáticas, com as variáveis selecionadas por meio da CCA e com asvariáveis selecionadas por meio de uma análise prévia do teste Jackknife paratodas as variáveis. A análise do desempenho dos modelos foi feita utilizadoa área sob a curva ROC e taxas de omissão extrínsecas. As simulações demonstram que a seleção de variáveis ambientais mais relevantes para umadeterminada espécie produz modelos mais acurados.

  14. Quantification of vertical transmission of Neospora caninum in dairy cows in Minas Gerais, Brazil Quantificação da transmissão vertical de Neospora caninum em vacas leiteiras de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Ribeiro Dias Santos

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the rate of vertical transmission and to investigate horizontal transmission of Neospora caninum and occurrences of reproductive abnormalities in seropositive dairy cows on two farms in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The frequency of cows seropositive for N.caninum according to the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT was 39.4% (93/236 for Farm A and 31.4% (32/102 for the Farm B (p > 0.05. The mean vertical transmission rates for N. caninum were 29% and 9% for the herds of Farms A and B, respectively. No negative effects (p > 0.05 from infection by N.caninum were observed regarding milk production and occurrences of reproductive abnormalities in herds A and B.O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi estimar a taxa de transmissão vertical e investigar a transmissão horizontal de Neospora caninum, e a ocorrência de alterações reprodutivas em vacas leiteiras soropositivas em duas fazendas no Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. A frequência de vacas soropositivas a N. caninum pelo teste de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI foi de 39,4% (93/236 e 31,4% (32/102 para as fazendas A e B, respectivamente. A taxa média de transmissão vertical de N. caninum, respectivamente, foi de 29% e 9% para os rebanhos A e B. Não foi observado nenhum efeito negativo (p > 0,05 da infecção por N. caninum sobre a produção de leite e a ocorrência de alterações reprodutivas nos rebanhos A e B.

  15. Avaliação de estratégias financeiras das cooperativas de cafeicultores do estado de Minas Gerais Evaluation of the financial strategies of coffee producer cooperatives in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Gama Fully Bressan

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available As cooperativas devem possuir uma estrutura de capital coerente com os objetivos dos associados e ser administradas com vistas a manter a empresa competitiva. Para isso, é importante que as estratégias do setor financeiro procurem viabilizar a ocorrência de sobras, pois esta é uma indicação de que a empresa consegue pagar a seus credores, atender os associados e proporcionar retorno financeiro para a cooperativa. Nesse sentido, buscou-se avaliar a influência dos indicadores financeiros na ocorrência de sobras e determinar qual a estratégia adotada pelas cooperativas de cafeicultores do Estado de Minas Gerais, com base na estrutura financeira, utilizando o modelo Logit. Constatou-se que as sobras apresentadas pelas cooperativas foram explicadas pelo giro dos ativos e pela rentabilidade sobre vendas, e suas estratégias concentram-se na administração de vendas.Coffee producer cooperatives need to have a capital structure coherent with their associates' objectives and administered to maintain the organization’s competitiveness. For this, it is important that the cooperative’s financial section’s strategies lead to the creation of a financial surplus to pay creditors, assist the associates, and provide the cooperative a financial return. Using the Logit model, our study evaluates both the financial strategies employed by coffee producer cooperatives in the state of Minas Gerais to maximize surpluses and the influence of different financial indicators on the occurrence or non-occurrence of these surpluses. It was verified that the analyzed cooperatives’ business strategies concentrate on the management of sales and that the occurrence or non-occurrence of surpluses was explained by asset turnover and the profitability of sales.

  16. Mastite por leveduras em bovinos leiteiros do Sul do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil Mastitis caused by yeasts in dairy herds in the South of the Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Márcio da Costa

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a freqüência de infecções intramamárias ocasionadas por leveduras a partir de amostras de leite (n=1710 coletadas em 40 rebanhos leiteiros do Estado de Minas Gerais. Cinqüenta e seis estirpes de leveduras do gênero Candida e uma linhagem de Trichosporon loubieri foram isoladas. Candida albicans foi a espécie dominante (28,1% das cepas, seguida por Candida parapsilosis (19,3%, Candida catenulata (14,0%, Candida glabrata (14,0% e Candida tropicalis (8,8%. Infecções mistas foram detectadas em 29,8% das vacas levedura-positivas. Amostras positivas para leveduras foram predominantemente obtidas (84% de vacas com mastite subclínica. A baixa taxa de isolamento de leveduras sugere que estes microrganismos não são relevantes para mastite bovina na região estudada.The objective of this study was to report the frequency of intramammary infections by yeasts, in Minas Gerais State, from milk samples (n = 1710 collected in 40 dairy herds. Fifty six yeast strains of the genus Candida and one strain of Trichosporon loubieri were isolated. Candida albicans was the dominant species (28.1% of the strains, followed by Candida parapsilosis (19.3%, Candida catenulata (14.0%, Candida glabrata (14.0%, Candida tropicalis (8.8%. Mixed infections were detected in 29.8% of yeast-positive cows. The yeast infection was more frequent (84% in cows with subclinical mastitis. The low rate of isolation of yeasts suggests that these microorganisms are not relevant to bovine mastitis in the studied region.

  17. Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in parmesan cheese consumed in Minas Gerais, Brazil Ocorrência de aflatoxina M1 em queijo Parmesão consumido em Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Prado

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1 may occur in milk and milk products, resulting from the ingestion of aflatoxin B1 in feedstuffs by dairy cow. A total of 88 samples of Parmesan cheese marketed in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, from March 2004 to December 2004, were analyzed for AFM1 by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC with a fluorescence detector following sample clean-up using immunoaffinity columns. AFM1 was detected in 40 of the 88 samples (46.4%. However, only two samples among these were contaminated at a level above the maximum permissible limit (250 ng kg-1 accepted by European Union for AFM1. No AFM1 maximum tolerance limit in cheese has been established in Brazil.Aflatoxina M1 (AFM1 pode ocorrer em leite e produtos de leite, resultante da ingestão de aflatoxina B1 presente em rações de gado leiteiro. Um total de 88 amostras de queijo Parmesão, comercializadas no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, no período de março de 2004 a dezembro de 2004, foram analisadas para aflatoxina M1 por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE com detector de fluorescência, precedida de purificação da amostra por coluna de imunoafinidade. AFM1 foi detectada em 40 das 88 amostras (46,4%. Entretanto, somente duas amostras entre estas estavam contaminadas em um nível acima do limite máximo permitido (250 ng kg-1, aceito pela Comunidade Européia para AFM1. O Brasil não apresenta tolerância máxima permitida para AFM1 em queijo.

  18. Parâmetros morfométricos da Lagoa Central (Lagoa Santa, Estado de Minas Gerais: comparação de duas metodologias. = Morphometric features of Lagoa Central (Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais State: comparison of two methodologies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernandes Bezerra-Neto

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo avaliou a precisão de dois protocolos usados para a confecção de uma carta batimétrica para a Lagoa Central (Lagoa Santa, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Numa segunda etapa, o estudo estimou todos os parâmetros morfométricos primários e secundários desse ambiente. Finalmente, o estudo avaliou a importância dessas informações na qualidade de água e na ecologia geral do sistema. Os protocolos foram baseados no uso de dois sistemas distintos, usados para o levantamento batimétrico: uma ecossonda Biosonics DT-X (Biosoncs Inc. e um Ecobatímetro SonarLite (Ohmnex Ltda, ambosacoplados a um D-GPS (Differential Global Positioning System para a obtenção das coordenadas geográficas de cada profundidade medida. A Lagoa Central de Lagoa Santa é um pequeno lago natural, raso (Zmax The goal of this study was to verify the utility and accuracy of two tools to obtain a bathymetric chart for Lagoa Central (Lagoa Santa, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil and also to assess the morphometric parameters of the lake and their implications in the ecology of this system. The tested tools were the Biosonics DT-X (Biosonics Inc. echosounder and the SonarLite (Ohmnex Ltda bathymeter, both coupled to a Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS to obtain thegeographic coordinates associated with the depth in each point. Lagoa Central is a small, shallow (Zmax < 7.5 m, with low relative depth values (Zr = 0.5% and concave. This makes the water body less prone to thermal stratification and more susceptible to eutrophication. Both investigated equipments demonstrated to be suitable for the survey, user-friendly, low-cost and with sub-metric accuracy.

  19. 'Sensory analysis of specialty coffee from different environmental conditions in the region of Matas de Minas, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice de Souza Silveira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Specialty coffees can be differentiated in various ways, including the environmental conditions in which they are produced and the sensory composition of the drink. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of altitude, slope exposure and fruit color on the sensory attributes of cafes of the region of Matas de Minas. Sampling points were georeferenced in four altitude ranges (< 700 m; 700 ≤ x ≤ 825 m, 825 < x < 950 m and ≥ 950 m of the coffee crop; two fruit colors of var. Catuaí (yellow and red; and two slope exposures (North-facing and South-facing. Coffee fruit at the cherry stage were processed and submitted to sensory analysis. The sensory attributes evaluated were overall perception, clean cup, balance, aftertaste, sweetness, acidity, body and flavor, which made up the final score. The scores were examined by ANOVA and means were compared by the Tukey test (p ≤ 0.05. From the sensory standpoint, coffee fruits of both colors are similar, as well as the coffees from both slope exposures when these factors were analyzed separately. However, at higher altitudes, Yellow Catuaí produces coffees with better sensory quality. Similarly, coffees from North-facing slopes, at higher altitudes produce better quality cup. The altitude is the main factor that interferes with coffee quality in the area. All factors together contribute to the final quality of the beverage produced in the region of Matas de Minas.

  20. A utilização de testes psicológicos em organizações de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Oliveira Baumgartl

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Psychological tests are widely used in Personnel Selection processes in Brazil. However, in many cases, studies that provide psychometric parameters are necessary to certify their validity and reliability to the organizational area. This research aimed to identify which psychological tests organizational psychologists are mostly using after the analysis realized by the Federal Council of Brazil in 2003. Nine companies of Minas Gerais participated of this study and their respective psychologists answered a structured questionnaire that was elaborated according to the goals of the research. The results revealed that personality tests have been being applied in a bigger proportion than intelligence tests. The results also revealed that 33% of the professionals have being using instruments considered inappropriate after the Council's analysis. Implications of the results to research and practical matters are being discussed.

  1. A utilização de testes psicológicos em organizações de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Oliveira Baumgartl

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Psychological tests are widely used in Personnel Selection processes in Brazil. However, in many cases, studies that provide psychometric parameters are necessary to certify their validity and reliability to the organizational area. This research aimed to identify which psychological tests organizational psychologists are mostly using after the analysis realized by the Federal Council of Brazil in 2003. Nine companies of Minas Gerais participated of this study and their respective psychologists answered a structured questionnaire that was elaborated according to the goals of the research. The results revealed that personality tests have been being applied in a bigger proportion than intelligence tests. The results also revealed that 33% of the professionals have being using instruments considered inappropriate after the Council´s analysis. Implications of the results to research and practical matters are being discussed.

  2. Vínculos Organizacionais: o caso de docentes que lecionam em uma IES privada localizada no interior de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos, Ana Cristina Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is analyze the links maintained between faculty who teach courses in Administration and Technology in Human Resource Management and a private higher education institution, located in Minas Gerais countryside. This is a descriptive case study with a qualitative approach, and the theoretical basis sustained in studies accomplished by Psychology, Sociology and Administration. The collection of data was obtained through semi-structured interviews with nine teachers who teach in both courses. The declarations collected with the interviewee showed that the links that best revealed the relationship between teachers and the HEI were: identification, sense of belonging, participation in decisions, idealization of the organization, cooperation, solidarity and integration among members. And the links that less expressed were: recognition and appreciation of individuals as well as professional growth.

  3. Sandfly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Parque do Sabiá complex, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Elisângela de Azevedo Silva; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando; Limongi, Jean Ezequiel; Paula, Márcia Beatriz Cardoso de

    2011-01-01

    Between April 2003 and May 2009 phlebotomine sandflies were collected in Parque do Sabiá complex, Uberlândia municipality, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, using CDC and Shannon traps. The objective was to associate the sandfly species captured to the risk of the transmission of leishmaniasis in the municipality. The 126 captured specimens belonging to six species of phlebotomine, among which Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus) davisi (Root, 1934) predominated with 113 specimens (89.7%). The remaining captured species were Lutzomyia (Pintomyia) mamedei Oliveira, Afonso, Dias & Brazil, 1994 - five specimens (3.9%); Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) flaviscutellata (Mangabeira, 1942) - four specimens (3.2%); Lutzomyia lenti (Mangabeira, 1938) - two specimens (1.6%); Brumptomyia avellari (Costa Lima, 1932) - one specimen (0.8%); and Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939) - one specimen (0.8%). The collection of species that may be involved in the transmission of Leishmania reveals the need for continuous entomological surveillance.

  4. First record of Mesoclemmys tuberculata (Reptilia, Testudines, Chelidae in the Cerrado area of Minas Gerais state, southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Lima Silveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Mesoclemmys tuberculata is a turtle species that is distributed in northeastern Brazil, recorded mainly in the Caatinga and at some localities in the Atlantic Forest and Cerrado. In this paper we report the first species record in an area of Cerrado of Minas Gerais state, and it is the only known state record in a specific location. During field sampling, a specimen of M. tuberculata was collected in the municipality of João Pinheiro, northwest state, in a Cerrado nuclear area in the São Francisco river basin. The locality of this record is the southern and western limits of M. tuberculata’s known distribution, as well as the most inland locality of species record in the Cerrado biome.

  5. Factors associated with alcohol intake and alcohol abuse among women in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ísis Eloah Machado

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze factors associated with alcohol consumption among adult women living in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2011. Data for Belo Horizonte were obtained from the VIGITEL system (Telephone-Based Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases. Alcohol use was defined as self-reported intake of at least one dose in the previous 30 days; alcohol abuse was defined as four or more doses on at least one occasion during the same period. Polytomous logistic regression was used to evaluate factors associated with alcohol use and abuse. Alcohol use was more prevalent among women 25 to 34 years of age. Alcohol abuse was associated with age, schooling, health status, and smoking. The results suggest the need for policies to prevent alcohol abuse among women, especially targeting those who are younger, single, smokers, and with more education.

  6. Análise de pinturas rupestres do Abrigo do Janelão (Minas Gerais por microscopia raman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalva Lúcia A. de Faria

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Rock art paintings from Abrigo do Janelão (Minas Gerais, Brazil were non-destructively investigated by Raman Microscopy, aiming at the identification of materials used, their interaction and degradation. This technique is particularly tailored for heterogeneous samples and allows unequivocal identification of the substances present in the investigated sample. Pigments, were identified together with products of microbiological degradation; no binders were detected. White pigment was identified as calcite (CaCO3, whereas charcoal was used as black, goethite (α-FeOOH as yellow and hematite (α-Fe2O3 as red. Whewellite (CaC2O4.H2O and weddelite (CaC2O4.2H2O were detected and their origin was assigned to degradation products from microbiological activity.

  7. The USAID and the Brazilian agricultural teaching: the case of the Universidade Rural do Estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria das Graças Marcelo Ribeiro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Universidade Rural do Estado de Minas Gerais (UREMG was created in 1948, becoming later the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV. This institution has been involved in some agreements of technical assistance that were signed between Brazil and United States, which were mediated in the 1960’s decade by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID. The aim of this work is to analyze the action of the USAID in UREMG basing on the exam of primaries sources from the Central and Historical Archive of UFV. Under the supervision of USAID, the UREMG has performed a significant role in the modernization of Brazilian agriculture as well it served to the strategy of the North-American government of guarantee the control over the production of food in Brazil. As the same way, UREMG has contributed for mitigating social tensions in rural areas.

  8. Concerning the teacher’s value: remuneration of the teaching work in Minas Gerais (1859-1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Jane Alves Durães

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses some facts that determined the remuneration of the male and female teacher of primary school in Minas Gerais province/state during the second half of XIX century. It shows that the remuneration was paid according to different criteria as the sex of the teacher; function position – effective, substitute, for example –, the localization of the school – rural, urbane, district or village –, the teaching position in which the male and female teacher worked, how long he/she was teaching, the number of the students in the class and others. Summary, the remuneration can be analyzed as a result of historical values that have been constructed inside the school and public sphere, and in the social relations outside them.

  9. BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENT MOTHERS ASSISTED AT A SCHOOL HOSPITAL IN A CITY OF MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Tavares Gontijo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The adolescence is a human development time characterized by biopsychosocial changes, influenced by personal life experiences. In this context pregnancy along adolescence has been regarded as a relevant social issue due to the high prevalence in this age group. This study aims to describe biopsychosocial characteristics of adolescent mothers in a school hospital (SH of a public university in Minas Gerais, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study with 40 adolescent mothers in this hospital. Data were collected through a form and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The data in this study were similar to findings in studies conducted in other urban centers especially as regards the participants’ average age and the precarious economic condition of their families and school performance. The data analysis has highlighted the need to Características de mães adolescentes understand teenage pregnancy as an experience with different factors as biological, psychological, economic and social development. teenage pregnancy, adolescent, reproduction

  10. Biopsychosocial characteristics of adolescent mothers assisted at a school hospital in a City of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Tavares Gontijo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The adolescence is a human development time characterized by biopsychosocial changes, influenced by personal life experiences. In this context pregnancy along adolescence has been regarded as a relevant social issue due to the high prevalence in this age group. This study aims to describe biopsychosocial characteristics of adolescent mothers in a school hospital (SH of a public university in Minas Gerais, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study with 40 adolescent mothers in this hospital. Data were collected through a form and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The data in this study were similar to findings in studies conducted in other urban centers especially as regards the participants’ average age and the precarious economic condition of their families and school performance. The data analysis has highlighted the need to understand teenage pregnancy as an experience with different factors as biological, psychological, economic and social development.

  11. FRAGMENT AGRICULTURAL PESTS OF SOME PARASITOIDS COLLECTED IN SOUTHERN GOIÁS AND SOUTHERN MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos H MARCHIORI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of different parasitoids of some insect pests in southern Goiás and southern Minas Gerais, Brazil, is reported in this article. The egg parasitoids obtained Leptoglossus zonatus (Dallas (Hemiptera: Coreidae were specimens of Anastatus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae, two specimens of Brasema sp. (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae, 41 specimens Gryon gallardoi (Brethes (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae and six specimens of Trissolcus sp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae. The parasitoids obtained Zaprionus indianus Gupta (Diptera: Drosophilidae were 03 specimens of Leptopilina boulardi Barbotin et al. (Hymenoptera: Figitidae and 285 specimens of Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Rondani (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae. The occurrence of parasitoids of Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae were: 21 specimens of Bracon sp., (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, one specimen of Earinus sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae and 13 specimens Conura sp. (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae. In Lonomia sp. were collected: 4 specimens of Anastatus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae and three specimens of Aprostocetus sp. (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae.

  12. Diversity of social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae in Cerrado biome of the southern of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus H. Simões

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available An inventory of social wasps in Cerrado biome of the southern of the state of Minas Gerais was performed. A comparison between field and Riparian Forest areas was made in relation to species richness; correlations between diversity, sample methods and environmental factors were conducted. A total of 32 species was registered and Polybia fastidiosuscula de Saussure, 1854 was the most abundant species. The higher richness was in the Cerrado Field, as well as the highest diversity index. The temperature and rainfall had significant correlation with species richness and a significant variation in richness between dry and wet seasons was observed. Polybia fastidiosuscula was more abundant in the Riparian Forest during the dry season and in the Cerrado Field during wet season. The study area showed a great diversity of social wasps, with record both widely distributed species such as rare species, which indicates the quality and potential area for future studies.

  13. Lead poisoning mortality in wild passeriformes and its detection in free-range chicken eggs in Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NRS Martins

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The mortality of passerines native of Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil, in August 2006 and the examination of sentinel free-range chicken eggs in August 2007 in an area surrounding a car battery lead smelter plant is described. The high levels of lead, as detected in the passerines (4.80-12.74 mg/kg at the onset of mortality and at the follow-up sampling of the free-range chicken eggs (25.02-35.21 mg/kg in shells, 0.41-1.36 mg/kg in yolks and 0.40-0.75 mg/kg in the albumins, used as environmental sentinels, indicated the continuing lead pollution.

  14. O controle da violência criminal em uma comarca de Minas Gerais - século XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Vellasco, Ivan de Andrade

    2003-01-01

    O artigo analisa a contenção da criminalidade violenta no século XIX, na comarca do Rio das Mortes, Minas Gerais. Avança alguns aspectos teóricos comparati­vos dos processos históricos de monopolização e controle da ordem social. São analisa­das as características da violência interpessoal e o perfil da criminalidade e suas trans­formações ao longo do tempo. Aponta-se a tendência de declínio das taxas da crimina­lidade violenta como uma possível conseqüência da atividade reguladora do Estado,...

  15. Cranial bones and atlas of titanosaurs (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from Late Cretaceous (Bauru Group) of Uberaba, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinelli, Agustín G.; Marinho, Thiago da Silva; Filippi, Leonardo S.; Ribeiro, Luiz Carlos Borges; Ferraz, Mara Lúcia da Fonseca; Cavellani, Camila Lourencini; Teixeira, Vicente de Paula Antunes

    2015-08-01

    Isolated left prefrontal, left squamosal and atlas of titanosaur dinosaurs are described and compared. They come from the Late Cretaceous Serra da Galga Member of the Marília Formation at the Serra do Veadinho region, Peirópolis (Uberaba County, Minas Gerais State, Brazil). Due to the sparse cranial elements of titanosaurs already known from Brazil, these specimens are noticeable to be presented. In addition, the atlas vertebra is described for the first time for Brazilian titanosaurs. The morphology of the cranial bones closely resembles lithostratian titanosaurs, such as Rapetosaurus, rather than basal titanosaurs. The atlas is similar to that of other titanosaurs, suggesting that the anatomy of this element seems to be more conservative than other vertebral elements, in which vertebral laminae play an important rule in titanosaur taxonomy.

  16. The municipal solid waste and the quality of life of collectors of recyclable materials in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Barros Pimenta, Aline; Santos, Sueli Maria dos Reis; de Jesus, Maria Cristina Pinto; Borges, Marcos Mantins; de Oliveira Marques, Geraldo Luciano; Abdalla, E José Gustavo Francis

    2012-01-01

    The generation growing and diversified of Municipal Solid Waste is configured as an environmental problem, economic and social deterioration, especially, by application of inappropriate management of them. Faced with this urban context, the research in development presents as specific objective assessment of the quality of life of the gatherers of recyclable materials were active in the city of Juiz de Fora, in the brazilian state of Minas Gerais. In addition, the objective is, still, the recognition of the activity of sorting performed by "scavengers" in order to maximize the reduction, reuse and recycling energy and material waste daily. The proposed methodology is based on the application of the questionnaire Word Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-100), prepared by the World Health Organization, in order to value the quality of life of the gatherers of recyclable materials, involved, even in educational workshops in order to discuss and organize strategies of health care and scouting to the basement to public policies.

  17. Campilobacteriose genital bovina em rebanhos leiteiros com problemas reprodutivos da microrregião de Varginha - Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stynen A.P.R.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The frequency of bovine genital campylobacteriosis (BGC in 157 cows from nine herds from the microregion of Varginha - Minas Gerais - Brazil was evaluated. Farmers use either artificial insemination and natural breeding after two insemination procedures or natural breeding. The diagnosis of BGC was performed by the direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT using vaginal mucus. All studied herds showed C. fetus infected animals and, of 157 animals, 40 (25.5% were positive in DFAT: 7 (26.9% from herds with natural breeding and 33 (25.1% from herds with both artificial insemination and natural breeding after the second-to-third insemination. The high frequency of BGC found in this study shows that this disease is present among herds which have reproductive problems and the use of natural breeding after the second-to-third unsuccessful insemination could be a risk factor for the disease.

  18. Descriptive study of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in the urban area of the Municipality of Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Thiago Mourão de; Malaquias, Luiz Cosme Cotta; Escalda, Patrícia Maria Fonseca; Ramalho, Katiuscia Cardoso; Coura-Vital, Wendel; Silva, Alexandre Rotondo da; Oliveira, Rodrigo Corrêa; Reis, Alexandre Barbosa

    2011-01-01

    Para entender os padrões de emergência e re-emergência da leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA), foram avaliados os perfis clínico e epidemiológico e a distribuição espacial da doença entre 2001 e 2006 em uma área endêmica situada no vale do Rio Doce, no nordeste do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. O número de casos notificados aumentou de seis, no primeiro ano, para 111 no último ano do período estudado. Os casos da doença predominaram na área urbana (75,9%) e atingiram igualmente homens e ...

  19. Um cartógrafo rebelde? José Joaquim da Rocha e a cartografia de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J\\u00FAnia Ferreira Furtado

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1789, the plans of a conspiracy to create an independent nation - known as Inconfidência Mineira - were disclosed and shook the Captaincy of Minas Gerais, which was the center of gold mining activity under the Portuguese Empire. José Joaquim da Rocha, a cartographer and member of the Portuguese armed forces, was suspected of taking part in the plot following accusations by some of the defendants that he had supplied maps of his own authorship to support the uprising. Notwithstanding his pleas of innocence, our analysis of five of his maps of that captaincy revealed that the geographic conformation of the colonial territory threatened the relationship of dependency between the colony and the metropolis.

  20. [Iron ore, economic geology and networks of experts between Wisconsin and the state of Minas Gerais, 1881-1914].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Georg

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the "discovery" of Brazilian iron ore from two perspectives. The first examines the increasing emphasis of the geosciences and their practical application and global reach since the second half of the nineteenth century. While in Brazil economic geology was integrated step by step into state institutions, at the global level it experienced its moment of triumph with the 11th International Geological Congress in 1910. The second deals with a specific social network with a decisive role in the race for Brazilian iron ore: with transnational experts juggling between the logic of the market and that of the academy. The article reveals the importance of local negotiations in the incorporation of the subsoil of Minas Gerais into the global space of mining.

  1. Épocas de plantio da lentilha precoce em quatro regiões de Minas Gerais Sowing dates for early lentil cultivars in four regions of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Faria Vieira

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Foram conduzidos cinco ensaios, todos irrigados, em quatro regiões de Minas Gerais: Viçosa, Leopoldina (Zona da Mata, Patos de Minas (Alto Paranaíba, Uberaba (Triângulo e Janaúba (Norte, com o objetivo de determinar a melhor época de plantio da lentilha precoce. Em Viçosa, foram estudadas seis datas de plantio, de 15/3 a 30/5; em Leopoldina, quatro, de 7/4 a 10/6; em Uberaba e Patos de Minas, seis, de 17/2 a 2/6; e em Janaúba, cinco, de 16/5 a 3/8. O intervalo entre datas de plantio foi de, aproximadamente, 20 dias. No ensaio de Viçosa, foi utilizada a cultivar Precoz, plantada no espaçamento entre fileiras de 40 cm, com 30 sementes/m; nos outros ensaios, a Silvina, no espaçamento entre fileiras de 30 cm, com 50 sementes/m. Em geral, os maiores rendimentos foram alcançados quando o plantio foi feito em maio, principalmente na segunda quinzena. Em Viçosa, a lentilha também teve bom desempenho quando plantada na segunda quinzena de março. Em Leopoldina e Janaúba, os dois locais de temperaturas mais altas, o plantio no início de junho não prejudicou o rendimento, se comparado com o da segunda quinzena de maio. Nas épocas de plantio em que foram obtidos os maiores rendimentos, a lentilha precoce, após a emergência, levou entre 28 e 60 dias para iniciar o florescimento; e da emergência até a colheita, entre 92 e 112 dias. O maior rendimento médio foi alcançado em Leopoldina, quando o plantio foi realizado em 27/5: 1.644 kg/ha. O peso de 100 sementes da 'Silvina'variou de 5,5 a 6,3 gramas, quando o plantio foi feito em maio.Trials were conducted in five municipalities of four regions of Minas Gerais State: Viçosa, Leopoldina (Zona da Mata, Patos de Minas (Alto Paranaíba, Uberaba (Triângulo and Janaúba (Norte, in order to determine the best sowing date for early lentil. In Viçosa, six sowing dates were studied from 15th March to 30th May; in Leopoldina, four, from 7th April to 10th June; in Uberaba and Patos de Minas, six

  2. ANÁLISE FAUNÍSTICA DE ESPÉCIES DE MOSCA-DAS-FRUTAS (DIP., TEPHRITIDAE EM MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.A. CANAL

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Em seis locais de quatro municípios (Janaúba, Jaíba, Nova Porteirinha e Itacarambí do norte do Estado de Minas Gerais, foram coletados 29.454 espécimes de mosca-das-frutas, pertencentes a Ceratitis capitata e a 20 espécies de Anastrepha. O levantamento foi feito entre janeiro de 94 e dezembro de 96, utilizando armadilhas plásticas tipo McPhail. Ceratitis capitata foi a espécie predominante em áreas urbanas. As espécies de Anastrepha predominaram em áreas rurais. A. obliqua, A. zenildae e Anastrepha n. sp.3 foram as espécies predominantes do gênero, entretanto, essa predominância variou de local para local em função da disponibilidade de hospedeiros. As comunidades apresentaram índices de diversidade baixos e quocientes de similaridade entre 73 e 100%.A total of 29,454 specimens of fruit fly were trapped in six sites of four counties (Janaúba, Jaíba, Nova Porteirinha and Itacarambí of the north of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The specimens were collected using McPhail plastic traps from January 1994 to December 1996. The trapped fruit flies belonged to Ceratitis capitata and to 20 species of Anastrepha. Ceratitis capitata was the predominant species in the urban areas and Anastrepha species were predominant in the field areas. A. obliqua, A. zenildae and Anastrepha n. sp.3 were the predominant species of the genera, whereas the predominant species differed among localities, according to host availability. The diversity indexes were low and the coefficient of similarity varied from 73 to 100%.

  3. Caracterização mineralógica e geoquímica do pegmatito da mina de Volta Grande, provincia pegmatítica de São João del Rei, Nazareno, Minas Gerais.

    OpenAIRE

    Assumpção, Caymon de Siqueira

    2015-01-01

    Programa de Pós-Graduação em Evolução Crustal e Recursos Naturais. Departamento de Geologia. Escola de Minas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. A Mina de Volta Grande está localizada no município de Nazareno, porção sul do estado de Minas Gerais. Os pegmatitos vêm sendo explorado a mais de cem anos na região e grande parte dos direitos de exploração pertencem atualmente à AMG Mineração. A Mina de Volta Grande explora atualmente três corpos principais, Corpo A, Corpo F e Corpo C. A existê...

  4. Efeito de diferentes lâminas de irrigação sobre a população de meloidogyne javanica e a produtividade de bananeira no norte de minas gerais Effect of different levels of irrigation on population of meloidogyne javanica and banana productivity in north of minas gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Cássia Ferreira Ribeiro

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o efeito de diferentes lâminas de irrigação (100; 125; 150 e 175%, determinadas pela evapotranspiração de referência do tanque classe A, sobre a população de Meloidogyne javanica no solo, e sobre a produtividade e número de dias necessários para a floração e a colheita da bananeira Prata-Anã, no norte de Minas Gerais. Verificou-se que o número de juvenis de segundo estádio de M. javanica aumentou com o aumento das lâminas de irrigação com pico máximo em 118% da evapotranspiração do tanque classe A (ETtca e que as lâminas de 125; 150 e 175% da ETtca proporcionaram produtividade da bananeira (kg ha -1 significativamente superior à lâmina de 100 %. No entanto, não afetou o número de dias para a floração e para a colheita da bananeira.The present work aimed to assess in the field the effect of irrigation different levels (100%, 125%, 150% and 175% determined by evapotranspiration from the tank class A (ETtca, on the population of Meloidogyne javanica in the soil, banana productivity and number of days needs for flowering and yield of Prata-Anã cultivar of banana on the North of Minas Gerais state, Brazil. The number of second stage juveniles of M. javanica increased reaching the maximum J2 level at 118% of ETtca. The irrigation levels, 125, 150 and 175% ETtca increased the banana productity in kg/ha-1 significantly as compared to 100% level. However, no effect was observed on the number of days for flowering and for harvesting of Prata-Anã banana.

  5. Educação e modernização em Minas Gerais: propostas reformistas na ação conservadora (1926-1930 - Education and modernization in Minas Gerais: reform proposals conservative in action (1926-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pâmela Faria Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentre as mudanças que marcaram a modernização do Brasil, a educação ocupou lugar central na dimensão intelectual e política do processo modernizante. Nesse sentido, este texto busca problematizar as relações entre educação e modernidade, sobretudo sua condição de índice de modernizaçãoem Minas Geraisna primeira metade do século 20. Para tanto, especulamos o discurso dos idealizadores da Reforma Educacional Francisco Campos a fim de reconhecer traços do ideário modernizante e progressista e vínculos com os interesses da elite oligárquica então predominante na política mineira. Os procedimentos metodológicos incluíram pesquisa bibliográfica, para a contextualização conceitual e histórica, bem como leitura dos discursos de Antônio Carlos e Francisco Campos.Palavras-chave: Reforma Francisco Campos, progresso, oligarquia, moderno. EDUCATION AND MODERNIZATION IN MINAS GERAIS:  REFORM PROPOSALS CONSERVATIVE IN ACTION (1926-1930AbstractEducation played a central role in the intellectual and political dimension of the process of modernization inBrazil. This text focuses on this role by discussing the relationship between education and modernity, above its condition of an index of modernization in the state of Minas Gerais in the first half of the twentieth century. To do so, we analyze governor Antônio Carlos and his secretary Francisco Campos’ discourses underlying their influent education reform, which is supposed to convey traces of progress and bonds with the local oligarchy’s interests. Methodological procedures included bibliographical research to contextualize conceptually and historically our discussion and analytical reading of extracts of these politicians’ official discourses.Key-words: Francisco Campos Reform, progress, oligarchy, modern. LA EDUCACIÓN Y LA MODERNIZACIÓN EN MINAS: PROPUESTAS DE REFORMA CONSERVADORA EN ACCIÓN (1926-1930ResumenEntre los cambios que marcaron la modernización de

  6. [Diagnosis of hypovitaminosis A and nutritional anemia status in the population of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, R L; Araujo, M B; Sieiro, R O; Machado, R D; Leite, B V

    1986-12-01

    A survey was carried out with the purpose of evaluating the nutritional status of the population of Jequitinhonha Valley in regard to vitamin A deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia. A Program--"Programa de Combate à Hipovitaminose A e à Anemia Nutricional Ferropriva em Bolsões de Probreza de Minas Gerais"--is being implanted by the Instituto Nacional de Alimentacão e Nutriçao (INAN) aiming to the prevention of such deficiencies. A random sample of 2,357 children from the towns: Turmalina, Minas Novas and Capelinha (Vale do Jequitinhonha), Minas Gerais (1,604 living in the urban and 753 in the rural areas) was submitted to an eye examination. Blood was drawn from a random subsample of these children (157 from the urban area and 107 from the rural area), in oder to detect possible nutritional problems. The following results were observed (preschool and school children, respectively): 1. Hemoglobin: 23.9% and 20% of the population in the urban area, 34.6 and 18.2% in the rural area, had low and deficient values, respectively. 2. Hematocrit: 1.5 and 2.2% of the population in the urban area, 17.3 and 5.5% in the rural area, had low values. 3. Vitamin A: 8.9 and 4.4% of the population in the urban area, 5.8 and 0% in the rural area, had deficient values (less than 10 micrograms/dl); 26.9 and 31.1% in the urban area, 26.9 and 23.6% in the rural area, had low values (10-20 micrograms/dl). These results show the occurrence of nutritional anemia and vitamin A deficiency in the observed children. As to the eye examination this was performed in 2,357 children. A high incidence of conjunctival xerosis (3.16 and 6.04% in the urban area, 7.7 and 12.6% in the rural area, in preschool and school children, respectively), was detected. Five cases of conjunctival xerosis with Bitot spot (0.2%), corneal xerosis (0.08%) and kerotomalacia (0.04%) were observed. The therapeutic effect of 200,000 UI of oral vitamin A was more efficient in preschool children (90.3% of positive

  7. Representações sobre família e conjugalidade homoafetiva na cidade de Ervália - Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Carmo, Andréa de Lima Costa do

    2014-01-01

    Esta dissertação se trata de uma pesquisa realizada na cidade de Ervália – Minas Gerais, onde busquei analisar - através de observações, entrevistas e percepções de entrevistados - as suas vivências, subjetividades e como se dão as relações familiares e de conjugalidade homoafetiva - dramas sociais, conflitos, estigmas, expectativas - de sujeitos inseridos em um contexto de uma cidade pequena, localizada na zona da mata mineira. This dissertation is a study in the city of Ervália - Minas G...

  8. Avaliação da qualidade de solos sob diferentes coberturas florestais e de pastagem no sul de Minas Gerais Evaluation of soil quality under different forest covers and pasture in southern Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Melloni

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available No sul de Minas Gerais faz-se a substituição de florestas de araucária por pastagens ou extensos plantios de eucalipto. No entanto, poucos estudos relacionam, de forma ampla, os impactos nos atributos físicos, químicos, microbianos e visuais do solo causados por esta substituição. Com esse objetivo, selecionaram-se áreas com eucalipto, araucária implantada, mata nativa e pasto implantado em Delfim Moreira, MG, no verão de 2006, de onde se retiraram amostras deformadas e indeformadas de solo para análises químicas (pH, P, K, Ca2+, Mg2+, Al3+, H + Al, SB, t, T, V, m e matéria orgânica, físicas (densidade do solo, densidade de partículas, índice de floculação, diâmetro médio geométrico, macro e microporosidade e microbianas (atividade microbiana, qCO2, C da biomassa microbiana, relação C da biomassa/C orgânico. Com atributos visuais ligados ao solo, às plantas e aos animais, elaborou-se um indicador da qualidade visual para cada ecossistema, que se destacou pela praticidade, simplicidade e sensibilidade na discriminação das diferentes coberturas vegetais. A grande maioria dos atributos físicos e microbianos mostrou-se eficiente nas avaliações da qualidade ambiental, que revelaram grande disparidade entre a pastagem e os demais ecossistemas, e alta similaridade entre o ecossistema eucalipto com sub-bosque desenvolvido e araucária implantada.Native forests have frequently been substituted by Eucalyptus or annual crops cultivation in Brazil. In southern Minas Gerais State the substitution of Araucaria angustifolia forests by agricultural systems or extensive Eucalyptus stands has also been observed. However, few studies are focused on the impacts of such land use changes on soil physical, chemical and microbial and visual aspect of soils. With this goal in mind, different ecosystems were selected, including introduced Eucalyptus and Araucaria and native forest and pasture in Delfim Moreira county, state of Minas Gerais

  9. Efeitos do acordo de resultados na gestão das escolas estaduais da região norte do estado de Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Eldaronice Queiroz de Alvarenga

    2014-01-01

    O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar os efeitos da contratualização de resultados sobre os processos da Gestão Escolar Democrática de escolas estaduais da Secretaria de Estado da Educação de Minas Gerais (SEE/MG), órgão da Administração Direta, do Poder Executivo do Estado. O trabalho propõe entender os pressupostos da Nova Gestão Pública, consolidada em Minas Gerais através das Políticas Públicas Integradas do Choque de Gestão (2003-2014), buscando os efeitos da implementação dos mecanismos ...

  10. Répteis em fragmentos de Cerrado e Mata Atlântica no Campo das Vertentes, Estado de Minas Gerais, Sudeste do Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Bernadete Maria de; Nascimento, Ana Elisa Resgalla do; Gomides, Samuel Campos; Rios, Celso Henrique Varela; Hudson, Alexandre de Assis; Novelli, Iara Alves

    2010-01-01

    Os dados sobre a fauna reptiliana em Minas Gerais são pontuais e revelam carência de informações sobre esse grupo, principalmente em regiões de transição entre a Mata Atlântica e o Cerrado. A área do estudo está situada no município de Ritápolis (21° 01' 37.07" S e 44° 19' 11.84" O), microrregião Campo das Vertentes, Estado de Minas Gerais, Sudeste do Brasil. Pretendeu-se com a presente pesquisa conhecer a composição da fauna de répteis local. As observações, capturas e coletas foram realizad...

  11. INSTITUCIONALIZAÇÃO DE COMPRAS PÚBLICAS SUSTENTÁVEIS: UMA ANÁLISE DA EXPERIÊNCIA DO GOVERNO DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Almeida Marques Mendonça

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo tem por objetivo analisar, sob a perspectiva da teoria institucional, o processo de implantação de compras públicas sustentáveis pelo Governo do Estado de Minas Gerais, um dos pioneiros nesse processo no Brasil. Realizou-se pesquisa qualitativa por meio de estudo de caso único, utilizando-se de análise documental e entrevistas semi-estruturadas. Pôde-se compreender o papel de diferentes atores que se caracterizaram como forças institucionais no campo organizacional da difusão de compras públicas sustentáveis. A análise demonstra a preponderância de mecanismos de natureza coercitiva, além de circunstâncias ligadas aos “mitos e cerimônias” na difusão de compras públicas sustentáveis no governo em Minas Gerais.

  12. Primeiro registro do gênero Toxorhynchites Theobald (Diptera, Culicidae em Mata Atlântica, Viçosa, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Simões Albeny

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Durante os meses de março e abril de 2007 foi verificada a presença do gênero Toxorhynchites (Diptera, Culicidae em fragmentos de Mata Atlântica no município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. No experimento foram utilizadas 500 armadilhas de oviposição. Registrando-se, pela primeira vez na região de Viçosa o gênero Toxorhynchites, sendo as espécies T. pusillus (Costa Lima, 193 1 e T. theobaldi (Dyar & Knab, 1906 encontradas pela primeira vez no Estado de Minas Gerais. As espécies relatadas como primeiro registro e sua distribuição são citadas e discutidas.

  13. Desafíos Contemporáneos de la implantación de la Salud de la Familia en Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Rizoneide Negreiros de ARAÚJO

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Él artículo aborda las estrategias utilizadas por la Secretaria del Estado de Salud de Minas Gerais para el enfrentamiento de los problemas de baja capacidad de resolución de atención primaria a la salud en los provincias de Minas Gerais. El destaca el Proyecto Estructurador Salud en Casa por los investimientos realizados en aquellas provincias que tienen equipos de salud de la familia y el apoyo tecnico-pedagógico para contribuir en la reorganización del modelo asistencial. Él señala los desafíos enfrentados para consolidar la estrategia en un estado con una marcada desigualdad social entre regiones, en la distribución de ingreso y en el acceso a los bienes e servicios.

  14. Avaliação do estado nutricional de seringais implantados na região da Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais Nutritional evaluation of rubber tree plantations at Zona da Mata region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciríaca Arcangela Ferreira de Santana do Carmo

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o estado nutricional de seringais implantados na Zona da Mata, em Minas Gerais, visando contribuir com um programa racional de adubações. Em seringais do clone IAN 873 foram determinadas a classe do solo, fertilidade, nutrição e produção de borracha seca. Grande parte dos seringais encontra-se em Latossolos extremamente ácidos com Al alto e N, P, K, soma de bases trocáveis e capacidade de troca de cátions baixos. Os teores de Ca e Mg variaram de médios a altos nos Latossolos e foram muito altos nos Nitossolos, correlacionando-se negativamente com a produção de borracha seca. A análise foliar detectou desequilíbrios nutricionais no que se refere aos baixos teores de N e K evidenciados pela correlação positiva significativa com a produção de borracha seca. A correlação significativa negativa entre a produção de borracha seca e os teores de Ca foliares, associados aos altos teores de Mg, sugerem a redução desses nutrientes nas adubações. Dos micronutrientes, apenas o Cu apresentou correlação positiva e significativa com a produção de borracha seca.The objective of this work was to evaluate the nutritional status of rubber tree plantations at Zona da Mata region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, to contribute with fertilization programs. Soil class, fertility levels, nutritional state and production of dry rubber were determined in rubber plantations of the clone IAN 873. Most plantations occur over extremely acid Oxisols with high contents of Al and low values of N, P, K, sum of exchangeable basis and cation exchange capacity. Calcium and Mg contents varied from medium to high and showed negative correlation with dry rubber production. Plant analysis showed unbalanced contents of N and K with low values but positive and significant correlation with dry rubber production. Significant and negative correlation between dry rubber production and Ca contents, associated to high contents of Mg

  15. Levantamento de moscas-das-frutas e seus parasitoides em citros, no município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais Survey of fruit-flies and their parasitoids in citrus in Viçosa, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Lucas Magalhães Machado

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available As moscas-das-frutas são responsáveis por grandes perdas em fruteiras comerciais no Brasil, por isso é fundamental conhecer as espécies predominantes na região. Objetivou-se com este trabalho estudar a ocorrência de moscas-das-frutas (Diptera: Tephritidae e seus parasitoides em laranjas doces (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck, tangerina Poncã (Citrus reticulata Blanco e mexerica Rio (Citrus deliciosa Ten, no município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais. Os frutos foram coletados em abril de 2008. No laboratório eles foram acondicionados em caixas plásticas contendo areia umedecida e em ambiente controlado para obtenção dos pupários, que foram contados, acondicionados em frascos de vidro com areia fina e mantidos em estufa até a emergência dos adultos. Somente uma espécie de mosca-das-frutas (Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 e uma de parasitoide (Doryctobracon brasiliensis Szépligeti foram identificadas. Dentre as variedades, a laranja doce Baianinha apresentou o maior índice de infestação, e os menores foram atribuídos à mexerica Rio e à tangerina Poncã.Fruit flies are responsible for large losses in commercial orchards in Brazil, thus, it is important to know the predominant species in the region. The objective of this study was to study the occurrence of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritoidae and of their parasitoids in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck, 'Poncã' mandarin (Citrus reticulate Blanco and 'Rio' tangerine (Citrus deliciosa Ten, in Viçosa, Minas Gerais. The fruits were collected in April 2008. In the laboratory, the fruits were stored in plastic boxes containing moist sand in a controlled environment, to obtain pupae. Then, the pupae were counted, placed in glass bottles with fine sand and kept in an oven until adult emergence. Only one species of fruit fly (Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830 and one species of parasitoid (Doryctobracon brasiliensis Szépligeti were identified. Among the varieties, the sweet

  16. Compostos Secundários em Cachaças Produzidas no Estado de Minas Gerais Secundary Compounds in Brazilian Sugar-Cane Spirits (“Cachaça” Manufactured in Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Eliane Pereira

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Os componentes da cachaça classificados como secundários constituem um grupo de produtos minoritários oriundos do processo de fermentação. Esses, especialmente os ésteres e aldeídos, são responsáveis pelo aroma e sabor dos destilados em geral, porém, quando se encontram acima dos limites estabelecidos pelo Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA, podem comprometer a qualidade da cachaça e ser prejudicial à saúde. Com o intuito de avaliar os compostos secundários de aguardentes provenientes de várias localidades do Estado de Minas Gerais, foram coletadas 45 amostras aleatoriamente e conduzidas ao Laboratório de Análise Físico-Química de Aguardente (LAFQA da UFLA, no período de agosto de 2000 a julho de 2001. Pelos resultados, verificou-se que há diferenças altamente significativas entre as amostras analisadas para acidez volátil, ésteres, aldeídos e álcoois superiores. De todas as amostras analisadas, sete apresentaram excesso de álcoois superiores, duas de aldeídos e três de acidez volátil; portanto, 24,44% das aguardentes encontravam-se fora dos padrões de qualidade estabelecidos pelo MAPA (1997.The Brazilian sugar-cane spirit chemical compounds classified like secondary compounds are one group of Brazilian sugar-cane spirit minor compounds formed during the fermentation process. That compounds are important for the taste and flavor of spirits in general, mainly esters and aldehydes. However, that compounds are above the standard quality established by Agriculture Ministry (MAPA, they can affect the Brazilian sugar-cane spirit quality and be harmful to the health. Aiming to evaluate the sugar-cane spirit secondary compounds from diverse sites at Minas Gerais State, 45 samples were randomized sampled and taken to the Brazilian Sugar-Cane Spirit Analysis Laboratory of UFLA during the period of August of 2000 to July of 2001. The results showed that there were high and significant statistical

  17. Avaliação qualitativa de mudas destinadas à arborização urbana no Estado de Minas Gerais Qualitative evaluation of tree seedlings destined for urban planting in the State of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elzimar de Oliveira Gonçalves

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo, realizado em diversos viveiros do Estado de Minas Gerais, objetivou avaliar a qualidade das mudas destinadas à arborização urbana. A avaliação foi feita através de visitas a 12 viveiros no estado, sendo seis de instituições públicas e seis de particulares. Os resultados indicaram que, de maneira geral, não há uma preocupação com a qualidade das mudas, fato comprovado pelas altas porcentagens daquelas fora do padrão. Somente as injúrias mecânicas e as raízes expostas estavam com baixas porcentagens fora do ideal. Os problemas que mais contribuem para a baixa qualidade das mudas, tanto em viveiros públicos quanto particulares, são a altura abaixo da recomendada e a ausência de podas de condução e de formação. Portanto, os primeiros esforços para a melhoria da qualidade devem ser sobre essas características. A análise indicou ainda que grande parte dos problemas se deve à falta de treinamento dos funcionários e domínio das técnicas silviculturais necessárias à produção das mudas, principalmente em se tratando de viveiros particulares, onde as mudas estão com qualidade inferior às dos viveiros públicos.This study was carried out in nurseries in the State of Minas Gerais to evaluate the quality of tree seedlings destined to urban areas. Twelve nurseries were evaluated; half of them run by public institutions and the other half were private nurseries. The results showed that, in general, there is not a concern with quality of seedling, which is proven by the high percentages of low quality seedlings. Only plants with mechanical injuries and exposed roots had low off standard percentages. In both public and private nurseries, the problems that most contributed for low quality seedlings are height bellow recommended and lack of pruning for tree conduction and formation. Therefore, efforts for quality improvement must first be put on these characteristics. Furthermore, the analyses showed that the

  18. Trabalho rural e fatores de risco associados ao regime de uso de agrotóxicos em Minas Gerais, Brasil Rural work and risk factors associated with pesticide use in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner Soares

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo foi caracterizar o processo do trabalho rural em nove municípios de Minas Gerais, considerando indicadores sócio-demográficos, a estrutura agrária dos estabelecimentos rurais, práticas de trabalho relacionadas ao uso de agrotóxicos e, a intoxicação associada a seu uso. Os dados foram obtidos de uma pesquisa realizada pela Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo, de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho, que aplicou um questionário a 1.064 trabalhadores rurais, entre os anos de 1991 a 2000. Por meio de uma regressão logística, foram obtidos os fatores de risco associados à intoxicação por agrotóxicos dos grupos organofosforados e carbamatos. Cerca de 50% dos entrevistados se encontravam ao menos moderadamente intoxicados. Os fatores de risco encontrados foram: ter o último contato a menos de duas semanas com agrotóxicos; não usar proteção; ser orientado pelo vendedor; citar organofosforado ou carbamato como agrotóxico principal e trabalhar nos municípios de Teófoli Otoni, Guidoval ou Piraúba. Os resultados apontam para o alto grau de risco de agravos à saúde a que estão sujeitos trabalhadores rurais em contato com agrotóxicos.This paper aimed to characterize the rural work process in nine counties in Minas Gerais State, considering socio-demographic indicators, the land tenure structure of farm operations, and work practices related to pesticide use and poisoning Data were obtained through the Jorge Duprat Figueiredo Foundation for Workers' Safety and Occupational Medicine, which applied a questionnaire to 1,064 rural workers from 1991 to 2000. Through a logistic regression, risk factors associated with pesticide poisoning were obtained for the carbamate and organophosphate groups. Some 50% of interviewees displayed at least moderate pesticide toxicity. Risk factors for pesticide poisoning were: last contact with pesticides less than two weeks before the blood cholinesterase test; no use of personal

  19. Fenologia e exigência térmica da videira 'Benitaka' cultivada no norte de Minas Gerais Phenology and thermal requirement of the vine 'Benitaka' grown in the north of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo Pereira Ribeiro

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O emprego de índices biometeorológicos para a previsão dos estádios fenológicos tem sido amplamente utilizado no planejamento dos tratos culturais na viticultura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar e comparar entre dois ciclos consecutivos, a duração em dias e as exigências térmicas em graus-dia de doze estádios do ciclo fenológico da videira 'Benitaka'. O estudo foi conduzido num vinhedo comercial localizado no município de Janaúba, região semiárida de Minas Gerais. As plantas, enxertadas sobre o porta-enxerto IAC 572 'Jales', foram conduzidas no sistema de latada e irrigadas por microaspersão. O acúmulo em dias e a exigência térmica (graus-dia foram determinados em duas safras consecutivas, da data da poda até a colheita, adotando-se a temperatura de 10°C como temperatura de base. O acúmulo em dias, da poda à colheita, foi de 120 para a poda realizada em janeiro e de 131 dias para a poda em julho. Na poda de janeiro, as plantas acumularam 1.914 graus-dias, enquanto na poda de julho o acúmulo foi de 1.930 graus- dia.The use of biometeorological indices for the prediction of phenological stages has been widely used in the planning of cultural practices in tropical vines. The objective of this study was to characterize and compare the duration (in days and thermal requirements in degree-day of twelve stages of the phenological cycle of the vine 'Benitaka'. The study was carried out in the vineyard Santa Catarina, in the city of Janaúba, north of the state of Minas Gerais - Brazil. Grapevines grafted on the rootstock IAC 572 'Jales' were irrigated by microaspersion. The accumulation of days and thermal requirement were determined in the same plants on two consecutive pruning dates. The base temperature used for the study was 10° C. The total length of the cycle ranged from 120 days for the vines pruned in January to 131 days for those pruned in July. The total amount of degree days for the grape pruning in January

  20. Perfil Populacional de Pacientes Idosos com Dermatoses Biopsiadas em um Hospital Escola do Sul de Minas Gerais/Population Profile of Elderly Patients with Skin Biopsy in a School Hospital of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseane de Souza Candido Irulegui1 ,

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar o perfil populacional de idosos com afecções dermatológicas biopsiadas, no período entre 2000 e 2010, em um Hospital Escola do Sul de Minas Gerais. Materiais e métodos: Foram analisadas todas as biópsias de pele e seus respectivos prontuários, de indivíduos maiores de 60 anos. Os resultados encontrados foram correlacionados com os dados de prontuário: idade, sexo, cor da pele, procedência, convênio, profissão, estado civil, doenças concomitantes, hábitos de vida (tabagismo e etilismo e medicamentos em uso. Resultados: O número total de biópsias analisadas foi de 1285. O perfil populacional encontrado foi: idade média de 72 anos, sexo masculino (52%, cor branca (93%, conveniados ao SUS (90%, não-aposentados (63,7%, casados (60%, alterações cardiovasculares como principal comorbidade associada (31,1%, uso de anti-hipertensivos (25,1%, tabagismo (39% e etilismo (13%. Conclusão: Os resultados enfatizam a necessidade de um enfoque especial para populações de risco (tabagistas, etilistas e profissionais mais expostos ao sol, visando à prevenção e diagnóstico precoce das dermatoses Objective: To determine the profile of elderly population with dermatological biopsies, between 2000 and 2010 in school hospital in southern Minas Gerais. Materials and methods: It was analyzed all skin biopsies and their records of individuals over 60 years. The results were correlated with data from medical records: age, gender, skin color, origin, partnership, profession, marital status, concomitant diseases, lifestyle habits (smoking and drinking and medications used. Results: The total number of biopsies analyzed was 1285. The population profile was found: mean age 72 years, male (52%, white (93%, to the SUS (90%, non-retired (63.7%, married (60%, the main cardiovascular changes associated comorbidity (31.1%, use of antihypertensives (25.1%, smoking (39% and alcohol (13%. Conclusion: The results emphasize the need for a

  1. Serological survey of hantavirus in rodents in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil Inquérito sorológico de hantavírus em roedores, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Ezequiel Limongi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We conducted a serological survey to determine the presence of hantavirus infection in rodents in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais as well as to identify and characterize associated factors. Rodents were captured using Sherman live-capture traps set in rural and peri-urban environments. A total of 611 rodents were captured. There was a higher trap success in peri-urban areas (26.3% and a higher prevalence of antibodies among rodents captured in rural areas (2.9%. Necromys lasiurus was the most common species (42.2% and the more frequently infected (4.6%. One Calomys tener (1/141; 0.7% and one Calomys sp. (1/14; 7.1% were also positive for the hantavirus infection. In N. lasiurus, antibody prevalence correlated with population density (p Realizamos um estudo transversal para identificar a presença de infecção por hantavírus em roedores em Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, e também para identificar e caracterizar fatores associados. Roedores foram capturados usando armadilhas do tipo Sherman em ambientes rural e periurbano. Um total de 611 roedores foi capturado. Houve maior sucesso de captura na área periurbana (26,3% e maior prevalência de anticorpos entre os roedores capturados na área rural (2,9%. Necromys lasiurus foi a espécie mais encontrada (42,2% e a mais frequentemente infectada (4,6%. Um Calomys tener (1/141; 0.7% e um Calomys sp. (1/14; 7.1% foram também positivos. Os dados obtidos mostram que em N. lasiurus, a prevalência de anticorpos está relacionada à densidade populacional (p < 0.01, a classe de idade (p = 0.003 e a presença de cicatrizes (p = 0.02, confirmando que a transmissão horizontal é o principal mecanismo que mantém o vírus na natureza. A maior positividade em N. lasiurus é consistente com estudos genéticos que permitem associar esta espécie como reservatório do vírus Araraquara; a soropositividade de C. tener e Calomys sp. pode indicar a ocorrência de "spillover infection" ou a presença de outros hantav

  2. Fatores associados ao tempo de espera e ao acesso ao transplante renal em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Factors associated with waiting time and access to kidney transplants in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Leandro Machado

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo foi analisar os fatores associados ao acesso ao transplante renal com doador vivo e cadáver em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo de coorte não concorrente com pacientes inscritos na lista de espera por transplante renal, entre 2000 e 2004, os quais foram acompanhados até o transplante, óbito, exclusão ou permanência na fila de espera ao fim do estudo em 31 de dezembro de 2005. Utilizou-se o modelo de Cox para riscos competitivos. Dos 835 pacientes, 22,7% foram transplantados. Apresentaram menor risco de transplante por doador cadáver e vivo os pacientes com maior tempo em diálise e tipo sanguíneo O. Observou-se menor risco de transplante intervivos para residentes em uma área de alto risco à saúde e portadores de diabetes. A maior disparidade de acesso foi para transplante renal intervivos, uma vez que não houve diferenças sociodemográficas significativas para transplante por doador cadáver. Pode-se inferir que o sistema de alocação de órgãos contribuiu para amenizar desigualdades sociodemográficas, sendo as questões clínicas mais relevantes no acesso ao transplante com doador cadáver.The objective of this study was to analyze factors associated with access to kidney transplants from living and cadaver donors in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The authors conducted a non-concurrent cohort study of patients on the waiting list for kidney transplants from 2000 to 2004 and followed until transplantation, death, exclusion, or continued presence on the line at the end of the study on December 31, 2005. The Cox model was used for competing risks. Of the 835 patients, 22.7% were transplanted. Lower risk of transplantation from living donors and cadavers was observed in patients with more time on dialysis and blood type O. Lower risk of transplantation from living donors was observed in residents in a high health risk area and in recipients with diabetes. The

  3. Prevalência de idosos restritos ao domicílio em região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brasil Prevalence of housebound elderly people in the urban region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Príscila Guedes Santana Ursine

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo estimar a prevalência e o perfil sociodemográfico e de saúde dos idosos restritos ao domicílio adscritos a uma unidade de saúde da família da região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais. Realizou-se inquérito domiciliar no período de maio a julho de 2006 com 275 idosos selecionados através de amostragem por conglomerados. Utilizou-se a suíte svy do aplicativo Stata 9.0 para lidar adequadamente com a estrutura amostral de conglomeração e permitir a incorporação das frações de expansão nas análises. Dos 275 idosos entrevistados, 22,4% (IC95%: 14,7; 32,4 eram restritos ao domicílio. A prevalência dessa condição foi maior entre as mulheres, entre os indivíduos com 80 anos ou mais e entre aqueles com suspeita de déficit cognitivo (p-valor The aim of this article is to estimate the prevalence and the socio-demographic and health profile of housebound elderly people registered at a Family Health Unit in the urban region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil. A household survey was conducted between May and July 2006 with 275 elderly people selected via cluster sampling. The svy suite of commands in Stata 9.0 was used to deal adequately with the cluster sample structure and to allow the incorporation of fractions of expansion in the analyses. Among the 275 elderly, 22.4% (IC95%: 14.7; 32.4 were restricted to their homes. The prevalence of this condition was greater among women, people over 80 and suspected of suffering from cognitive impairment (p-valor < 0.05. The majority of housebound people had incomes below the minimum wage, reported history of falls, depression and indicated physical disorders as the cause of the restriction. The large contingent of low-income housebound elderly with several health problems, reinforces the need for incorporation of proposals for promotion and vigilance of the health of the elderly, which extend beyond the boundaries of the healthcare units.

  4. Saúde bucal de idosos residentes em instituições de longa permanência de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Oral health among institutionalized elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Conceição Ferreira

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo transversal descreveu a saúde bucal de idosos residentes em instituições de longa permanência de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Uma amostra de 335 idosos acima de 60 anos de idade foi aleatoriamente selecionada. Os dados foram coletados dos registros das instituições, por entrevista e exame clínico da cavidade bucal. Avaliaram-se a higiene bucal, a cárie dentária coronária e radicular e a doença periodontal. Foi observada placa bacteriana em 76% das superfícies dentárias e 57% dos idosos usuários de prótese total superior apresentaram placa em pelo menos uma das superfícies. O CPOD foi de 30,8, com predomínio do componente perdido (94,2% e 57,1% dos idosos apresentaram experiência de cárie radicular. A maioria dos idosos (78,2% apresentou como pior condição periodontal sextante nulo e 64,5% dos sextantes válidos apresentaram bolsa periodontal de 4mm a 5mm e 47% perda inserção de 4mm a 5mm (47%. A saúde bucal dos idosos é precária, representada por higiene bucal deficiente, alta experiência de cárie, acentuada perda dentária e presença de bolsa periodontal.This study assessed the oral health of the institutionalized elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A sample of 335 individuals over 60 years of age was randomly selected. Data were collected through interviews, review of medical records, and clinical examination by a single researcher. Oral health was evaluated in terms of oral hygiene, caries, and periodontal disease. Bacterial plaque was present on 76% of the dental surfaces, and 57% of the elderly using upper dentures presented plaque on at least one of its surfaces. DMF-T index was 30.8, with the missing component representing 94.2%. Missing sextant was the worst periodontal finding in 78.2% of the elderly. Among the valid sextants, there was a higher prevalence of 4 to 5mm periodontal pocket and attachment loss from 4 to 5mm (47%. According to the findings

  5. Estado nutricional e fatores associados em idosos do Município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil Nutritional status and associated factors among the elderly in Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarissa de Matos Nascimento

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Investigaram-se as prevalências de baixo peso e excesso de peso, bem como os fatores associados em idosos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com 621 idosos residentes no Município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil, realizado em 2009. As informações foram obtidas por meio de entrevistas domiciliares e se referiam à avaliação do estado nutricional, condições sociodemográficas e de saúde. Do total de pessoas estudadas, 53,3% eram do gênero feminino. A mediana do IMC foi de 26,40kg/m² (mínima 15,20 e máxima 46,82 e foi menor para os homens do que para as mulheres. A prevalência de excesso de peso foi elevada (45%; IC95%: 40%-49%, diminuiu com a idade, associou-se positivamente ao gênero feminino e história de artrite/artrose, e negativamente à faixa etária de 80 anos ou mais e ao tabagismo. A prevalência de baixo peso foi maior no gênero masculino (18,2%, aumentou com o avanço da idade e associou-se positivamente à pior percepção de saúde. O conjunto dos resultados salientam a importância de estratégias em saúde que favoreçam mudanças no estilo de vida e hábitos alimentares saudáveis.This cross-sectional study in 2009 focused on the prevalence of underweight and overweight and associated factors in a sample of 621 elderly individuals in Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Data were obtained through home interviews on nutritional status and socio-demographic and health conditions. Of the total sample, 53.3% were females. Median BMI was 26.40kg/m² (range = 15.20-46.82 and was lower for men than for women. Prevalence of overweight was high (45%; 95%CI: 40%-49%, decreased with age, was positively associated with female gender and history of arthritis/arthrosis, and was negatively associated with age 80 years or older and smoking. Prevalence of underweight was high in men (18.2%, increased with age, and was positively associated with worse self-rated health. The findings highlight the importance of health strategies

  6. Fitomassa de adubos verdes e cobertura do solo na região do Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais = Biomass of green manure and soil cover in the region of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evander Alves Ferreira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A adubação verde constitui prática cultural de relevante impacto positivo em sistemas de produção agrícola que visam o uso sustentável da terra. Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar o desempenho de seis leguminosas utilizadas para adubação verde, quanto à produtividade de fitomassa, cobertura do solo e uso da radiação fotossinteticamente ativa na região conhecida como Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha em Minas Gerais. O experimento foi conduzido entre os meses de março a outubro de 2010, em delineamento em blocos casualizados com quatro repetições. Os adubos verdes utilizados foram: crotalária (Crotalariaspectabilis, feijão-de-porco (Canavalia ensiformis, feijão-guandu-anão (Cajanus cajan, lab-lab (Lablab purpureus, mucuna-anã (Mucuna deenringiana e tremoço-branco (Lupinus albus L.. Os adubos verdes apresentaram elevadas produções de fitomassa, mas com diferentes picos de cobertura do solo e interceptação da radiação. Os maiores acúmulos de matéria seca e fresca foram observados pela crotalária seguido pelo feijão-guandu-anão. Entre as espécies estudadas, o feijão-de-porco é aque apresentou maior período vegetativo, representando elevado potencial para recobrimento do solo, destacando-se também na interceptação de radiação fotossinteticamente ativa.Green manuring is a positive practice that reduces the impact on agricultural production systems aimed at sustainable land use. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of six legumes used for green manure, the productivity of biomass, land cover and use of photosynthetic active radiation in the region of the Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The experiment was conducted during March to October, 2010 in randomized block design with four replications. Green manures were used: Crotalaria spectabilis, Canavalia ensiformis, Cajanus cajan, Lablab purpureus, Mucuna deenringiana and Lupinus albus. Green manures had high yields of biomass

  7. Desempenho agronômico de cultivares de café resistentes à ferrugem no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil Agronomic performance of coffee cultivars resistant to coffee rust in Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Mendonça de Carvalho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se no trabalho avaliar o comportamento de 24 cultivares de cafeeiro, sendo 22 resistentes à ferrugem e duas testemunhas suscetíveis, em diferentes ambientes de Minas Gerais, a fim de contribuir para a recomendação técnica. Os experimentos foram instalados em quatro municípios (Lavras, Campos Altos, Patrocínio e Turmalina. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados com três repetições, no espaçamento de 3,5x0,7 m e parcelas de dez plantas. As avaliações de produtividade, porcentagem de grãos classificados em peneira 16 acima e vigor vegetativo referem-se a quatro colheitas (2008 a 2012. Foram avaliadas, também, a adaptabilidade e estabilidade da produtividade das cultivares. As cultivares Sabiá Tardio, Pau Brasil MG1, Obatã IAC 1669-20, Catucaí Amarelo 24/137 e IPR 103 são promissoras para as referidas regiões cafeeiras. Essas cultivares aliam estabilidade e adaptabilidade independentemente do ambiente, com desempenho agronômico superior.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the agronomic performance of 24 coffee cultivars (22 rust resistant cultivars and 2 susceptible control varieties in different environments of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The coffee plants were planted in four locations (Lavras, Campos Altos, Patrocínio and Turmalina in three agroclimatic regions. The experiments were arranged in randomized complete block design, with three replications in plots measuring 3.5x0.7 m, with 10 plants per plot. The following traits were analyzed: yield, percentage of grains retained in sieve size 16 and vegetative vigor from four cropping years (2008 to 2012 and the adaptability and stability in yield. The cultivars showed differential performance in the four environments. The cultivars Sabiá Tardio, Pau Brasil MG1, Obatã IAC 1669-20, Catucaí Amarelo 24/137 and IPR 103 were the most promising because they combined higher agronomic stability and adaptability in favorable and

  8. Avaliação do potencial de cinco cultivares de videiras americanas para sucos de uva no sul de Minas Gerais Potential evaluation of five american cultivars for grape juices in the south of Minas Gerais state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Elias Pereira

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, no presente trabalho realizar uma caracterização dos sucos de uva de cinco cultivares de videira americana Vitis labrusca (Folha de Figo, Alwood, Concord, BRS-Rúbea e Isabel segundo suas características visuais, olfativas e gustativas, utilizando um método descritivo por um painel de degustadores da Embrapa Uva e Vinho (EMBRAPA/CNPUV de Bento Gonçalves e da Associação Brasileira de Enologia (ABE, constituído por doze degustadores. De acordo com os resultados, os sucos das cultivares Isabel e Folha de Figo foram superiores aos demais, segundo a análise de componentes principais (ACP, principalmente pelas variáveis limpidez, equilíbrio olfativo, intensidade e corpo gustativo, persistência olfato-gustativa e julgamento geral (notas. O suco Folha de Figo foi superior ao Isabel quanto à tonalidade, sendo o primeiro caracterizado como vermelho-violáceo. A cultivar Folha de Figo é a mais utilizada na região para a produção de suco, podendo os produtores utilizarem também a cultivar Isabel, que mostrou potencial nas condições edafo-climáticas do sul de Minas Gerais.The present work was designed to accomplish the characterization of the different grape juices of five grapevine cultivars of Vitis labrusca (Folha de Figo, Alwood, Concord, BRS-Rúbea e Isabel according to their visual, smell and taste characteristics utilizing a descriptive method by a panel of tasters of Embrapa Grape and Wine (EMBRAPA/CNPUV of Bento Gonçalves, and of the Brazilian Enology Association (ABE consisting of 12 tasters. According to the results, the juices of the cultivars Isabel and Folha de Figo were higher than the others, analyzed statistically according to the Principal Component Analysis (PCA, mainly by the visual cleanliness variables, olfatory equilibrium, gustative body and quality, olfato-gustative persistence and general judgement (scores and the juice of Folha de Figo was higher than Isabel according to visual shade, the former

  9. Radiação solar estimada com base na temperatura do ar para três regiões de Minas Gerais Estimation of solar radiation by air temperature models for three regions of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio R. da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A radiação solar incidente (Rs é uma variável importante em estudos agrícolas, particularmente para a estimativa da evapotranspiração e em modelos para produtividade. Entretanto, sua medição não é, em geral, realizada em estações meteorológicas convencionais. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar nove modelos empíricos de estimativa de Rs, a partir da temperatura, para as regiões Metropolitana, Vale do Rio Doce e Zona da Mata em Minas Gerais. Dados de Rs diários foram obtidos por estações meteorológicas automáticas instaladas nessas regiões e pertencentes ao Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET. Para todos os modelos foram gerados coeficientes locais de calibração. O desempenho de cada método foi avaliado através dos seguintes indicadores: coeficiente de determinação (R², raiz quadrada do quadrado médio do erro (RQME, erro médio (EM e teste t. A pequena diferença entre os modelos avaliados indica que qualquer um desses modelos é passível de utilização mas, dado à simplicidade, desempenho e significância, o modelo de Hargreaves, calibrado e com dois coeficientes, é o mais aplicável para estimar a radiação solar incidente.The incident solar radiation (Rs is an important variable in agricultural studies, particularly for the estimation of evapotranspiration and yield models. However, its measurement is not commonly performed in conventional meteorological stations. The aim of this study was to evaluate nine empirical models to estimate Rs from the temperature for the Metropolitan, Vale do Rio Doce and Zona da Mata areas in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The models used were Hargreaves, Annandale, Chen, Bristow & Campbell, Donatelli & Campbell and Hunt. Data used were obtained by Rs daily automatic weather stations installed in these regions and belonging to Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET. For all models local calibration coefficients were derived. The performance of each method was evaluated

  10. Chemical-mineralogical characterization and Moessbauer spectroscopy of aquamarine from Pedra Azul, Northeast of Minas Gerais; Caracterizacao quimico-mineralogica e espectroscopia Moessbauer de agua-marinha da regiao de Pedra Azul, nordeste de Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Viana, Rubia Ribeiro; Jordt-Evangelista, Hanna [Ouro Preto Univ., MG (Brazil). Escola de Minas. Dept. de Geologia]. E-mail: rubia@degeo.ufop.br; hanna@degeo.ufop.br; Costa, Geraldo Magela da [Ouro Preto Univ., MG (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: magela@iceb.ufop.br

    2001-03-01

    Aquamarines from three pegmatites located the vicinities of the Pedra Azul city, Minas Gerais state, were investigated in terms of chemical composition, physical properties and Moessbauer spectroscopy. The small lenticular pegmatite bodies are usually less than 5 m wide and exhibit a conspicuous mineralogical and textural zoning. The last thermal event in these pegmatites, determined by K-Ar method in muscovite, is of Neo proterozoic age, coincident with the late stages of the Brasiliano tectono- metamorphic cycle. Chemical analyses showed that sodium is the alkali with higher contents in the aquamarines, thus enabling their classification as sodic beryls. In zoned samples there is an increase of Fe as well as Mn from center to border, while no systematic variation could be detected for other elements. The specific gravity of 2.72 to 2.80 g/cm{sup 3} is higher than the values determined for samples from other pegmatites of Minas Gerais. The refraction indices are ne=1.569 - 1.579 and NW= 1.573 - 1.581 and the birefringence varies from 0.002 to 0.008. The refraction indices increase with the Be O content. The color of aquamarines varies from medium to light blue, sometimes greenish blue. Moessbauer spectra obtained at room temperature and at 80 K show that Fe{sup 2+} is the main chromophore-ion and suggest that the iron is present in octahedral sites as well as in the structural channels. Moessbauer spectra also indicate that the incorporation of Fe{sup 3+} may cause a shift from deep blue to light blue colors. Based on their aquamarine composition the pegmatites were classified as barren, poor in rare alkalis (Li, Rb, Cs) and therefore little differentiated. The relatively simple mineralogy and the lack of lithium minerals such as lepidolite and spodumene confirm this classification. Thus, the composition of beryl can be used as a tracer for the prospection of pegmatites with different degrees of differentiation and consequently with different types of

  11. Contribuição ao conhecimento da fauna helmintológica do município de Alfenas, Estado de Minas Gerais Contribution to the knowledge of the Helminth fauna of Alfenas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Magalhães Pinto

    1972-01-01

    Full Text Available De 176 necrópsias feitas em vertebrados, os autores coletaram diversos helmintos, nos arredores de Alfenas, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. A maioria das espécies aquí incluídas são redescritas e algumas delas, apenas referidas ou por já haverem sido apresentadas em trabalhos precedentes pelos próprios autores, ou por serem bem descritas atualmente, não se justificando um novo estudo. Com respeito aos Cestódeos, o propósito foi o de acrescentar alguns dados no que se refere à morfologia, com base nas descrições originais que são incompletas, em sua maior parte. São discutidos os seguintes itens: Freqüência das classes de vertebrados abatidos; parasitismo geral, por grupo de helmintos; parasitismo por grupo de helmintos, nos grupos de vertebrados. São apresentados também, comentários e figuras originais de cada espécie redescrita, bem como uma lista dos animais necropsiados.Several helminths were recovered, by the authors, from 176 Vertebrates shot at the outskirts of Alfenas, in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, duringperiodical excursions, from 1967 to 1971. the animals were not chosen in a standard number of individuals within each Class. The authors tried to get a whole strin of Vertebrates in general. The species here listed are redescribed; some of them only refered, for either they were alredy issued in preceding papers by the authors, or are too well known by now, to justify a revision. Concerning on the Cestodes, their purpose was to emphasize the morfology, based on the imcomplete original descriptions of the species majority. The following items are discussed; Class frequency of Vertebrates shot; general parasitism by helminthic group. (This percentage is calculated, based on the infected animals and not on the whole set.; parasitism by helminthic group in each Vertebrate Class. Besides, they make Subulura freitaslauroi Pinto, 1970; synounnym of Subulura alfenensis Pinto, 1969 and propose a new combination for

  12. Boron-isotopic constraints on the petrogenesis of hematitic phyllite in the southern Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    A. R. Cabral; Michael Wiedenbeck; N. Koglin; B. Lehmann; F. R. de Abreu

    2012-01-01

    Metasiliciclastic rocks predominate in the lower units of the Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Espinhaço Supergroup, in the southern Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The lower units also comprise rocks with locally preserved igneous fabrics, but which have very unusual chemistries. These rocks, collectively known as hematitic phyllite, are characterised by abundant fine-grained muscovite, i.e. sericite, and variable amounts of titaniferous hematite, rutile and tourmaline. Currently, the hemati...

  13. Comparative assessment of the food purchase program and the national school feeding program's impact in Ubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Leandro Gomes de; Batalha, Mário Otávio; Pettan, Kleber Batista

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The Food Purchase Program (PAA) and the National School Feeding Program (PNAE) are the main trading programs of Brazil that promote a connection between the family farm and institutional markets. The case study portrayed in this article aimed to evaluate and compare the socioeconomic impacts generated by the PAA and PNAE among Ubá's family farmers in Minas Gerais. To do this, two tipes of questionnaires were applied to managers and farmers who participate in the programs and obtaine...

  14. A evasão de estudantes com deficiência na rede federal de educação profissional em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaura Maria de Andrade da Silva

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda uma pesquisa sobre os fatores associados à evasão de estudante com deficiência na educação profissional técnica de nível médio, bem como fatores que contribuem para a sua permanência e certificação. Para examinar a evasão escolar desses sujeitos, foi realizada uma análise descritiva de questionários aplicados a alunos evadidos das escolas técnicas federais de Minas Gerais, no período de 2007 a 2010, bem como dos dados do Censo Escolar do INEP sobre as escolas técnicas federais em Minas Gerais. Os resultados mostram que os fatores associados ao abandono escolar de alunos com deficiência apresentam aspectos similares aos dos alunos evadidos em geral. Abrangem, por exemplo, a dificuldade de conciliar estudo e trabalho. Há, contudo, aspectos que dizem respeito apenas aos alunos com deficiência, tais como a acessibilidade, a ausência do atendimento educacional especializado, inclusive domiciliar e hospitalar. Os estudos nos dados do censo escolar de 2007 a 2010 assinalam também avanços em direção à organização de uma rede federal de educação técnica inclusiva em Minas Gerais.

  15. Sarchophagid flies (Insecta, Diptera from pig carcasses in Minas Gerais, Brazil, with nine new records from the Cerrado, a threatened Neotropical biome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cátia A. Mello-Patiu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sarchophagid flies (Insecta, Diptera from pig carcasses in Minas Gerais, Brazil, with nine new records from the Cerrado, a threatened Neotropical biome. The diversity of the Sarcophagidae fauna of the Cerrado biome, also know as the Brazilian Savanna, is still underestimated. In this research we collected flies in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, during a Forensic Entomology experiment. Samples were collected throughout the decomposition process of domestic pig (Sus scrofa Linnaeus carcasses, and the experiments were conducted in areas of pasture and semideciduous forest. A total of 85,694 adult flesh flies belonging to 57 species were collected from all carcasses. New records for nine species of Sarcophaginae are provided, including the first record of Blaesoxipha (Acridiophaga caridei (Brèthes, 1906 to Brazil, and new occurrences of the following species for the Cerrado and/or for the state of Minas Gerais: Blaesoxipha (Acanthodotheca acridiophagoides (Lopes & Downs, 1951, Malacophagomyia filamenta (Dodge, 1964, Nephochaetopteryx orbitalis (Curran & Walley, 1934, Nephochaetopteryx cyaneiventris Lopes, 1936, Nephochaetopteryx pallidiventris Townsend, 1934, Oxysarcodexia occulta Lopes, 1946, Ravinia effrenata (Walker, 1861 and Sarcophaga (Neobellieria polistensis (Hall, 1933.

  16. CONTROLE DE VERMINOSE EM EQUINOS NO NORTE DE MINAS GERAIS COM ASSOCIAÇÃO DE PAMOATO DE PIRANTEL E IVERMECTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Robson Duarte

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the North of Minas Gerais the equineculture is an important activity because it corroborates the success in the breeding of beef cattle. The equine verminosis control in this region has not been applied considering the anthelmintic resistances of nematodes and this resistance has been observed in some equine herds in Brazil. The present study has the objective to evaluate the effectiveness of pyrantel pamoate and ivermectin association in mare verminosis in the North of Minas Gerais, during the peripatum. After fourteen days of the first faecal egg count (FEC and treatment of the animals with these respective bases, the FEC reduction test indicated 98.1% effectiveness and the coprocultures were negative. After the worm identification from the control group, was observed 30% of filariod worms of Strongyloides spp., 30% of the genus Haemonchus, 20% were worms of Cyathosminae, 10% of the genus Trichostrongylgys and 10% of the genus Oesophagodontus. The results observed suggest that the use of pyrantel pamoate associated with ivermectin was safe during the peripartum and efficient in the FEC reduction of naturally infected mares raised in pastures of the North of Minas Gerais.

  17. Conflitos ambientais em Minas Gerais: exploração da água na microrregião de São Lourenço

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eder Jurandir Carneiro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to identify and to analyze the cases of environmental conflicts involving dissimilarities of power in the determination of the use of territories and its natural resources in the microregion of São Lourenço (Minas Gerais, Brazil. For this data surveys were conducted in the archives of the Ministério Público do Estado de Minas Gerais (MPMP, as well in interviews and workshop with social movements engaged in struggles for environmental justice in the middleregion south-southwest of Minas Gerais where is located the microregion of São Lourenço. The findings data show that the MPMP focus its attention on the investigation and punishment of small violations of environmental legislation. The article analyze specifically at the case of environmental conflict related to the fight against the exploitation of groundwater in the city of São Lourenço. The study adopts the theoretical framework based upon the concept of environmental conflicts, pointing out the conflictive nature of environmental issues, from the recognition that society and the environment are inseparable, because the material world is cut by subjects that build different projects of use and meaning of space and natural conditions.

  18. ACERVO DIGITAL: SALÁRIO E PROFISSÃO DOCENTE, MINAS GERAIS, PERÍODO DE 1889 A 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reginaldo Quirino de Quirino de Almeida

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este artigo visa apresentar e detalhar os principais pontos e atividades envolvidos na realização dos trabalhos de ampliação do Banco de Dados, sobre a profissionalização do magistério (http://www.pucminas.br/magisterioeprofissionalizacao. Com financiamento do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnológico (CNPq, foi permitido à pesquisa “O mito da era de ouro do magistério: salário e profissão docente em Minas Gerais (1889-2004” [1], promover a ampliação do Banco de Dados com dispositivos referentes à evolução salarial do magistério público mineiro, no período republicano. De modo que possa propiciar reflexões e estabelecer conexões entre leis, História e campo Educacional Escolar. Uma vez que não existe Acervo/Coleção específica na World Wide Web (Web,  sobre o salário docente, e que há uma lacuna, conforme (PEIXOTO; PASSOS apud NÓVOA, 2004, p. 6, no que se refere à dificuldade de acesso a fontes documentais, acerca da constituição do trabalho docente. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Salário; Docente; Profissionalização; ABSTRACT: This article aims to present and to detail the main points and activities involved in the work of expanding the database on the professionalization of teaching (http://www.pucminas.br/magisterioeprofissionalizacao. With funding from the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq, was allowed to research "The myth of the golden age of teaching: salary and teaching profession in Minas Gerais (1889-2004," promote the expansion of the database with provisions regarding the teaching of the public wage mining in the republican period. So that it can provide ideas and establish connections between laws, history and School Educational field. Since there is no Collection / Collection specific World Wide Web (Web on the teacher salary, and that there is a gap, as (PEIXOTO and PASSOS apud NÓVOA, 2004, p. 6, regarding the difficulty of access to documentary

  19. Projeto Vida no Vale: universal access to water and sanitation in the North East of Minas Gerais (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Loireau

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available In the rural areas of the developing countries, the access to water supply and sanitation services is still largely inadequate. Poor governance of the water sector is frequently singled out as a cause and reforms are required. Studies analyzing the great diversity of restructuring efforts currently being undertaken in the water sector have not succeeded in determining the most appropriate institutional and economic framework for such reforms. Moreover they underline the lack of documentation on actual projects and call for concrete models and tools for improving water and sanitation services (WSS and for adapting water utility practice to real conditions. In this context, the Vida no Vale (Life in the Valley project is aimed at bringing universal access to WSS for all inhabitants of both urban and rural areas, in the north-eastern area of the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais. The project takes sustainable development as its guiding principle, and relies on the joint implementation of an innovative technical design, a governance model involving public participation and subsidiarity, and an economic structure combining financial viability and social equity. Designed at a consistent geographical and hydrological scale, it includes the creation of a regional subsidiary of the existing state water company as a keystone element. The institutional organisation also relies on the creation of a public board consisting of the 92 municipalities of the project region and of the State of Minas Gerais. This board will be in charge of the system's governance. This paper presents the first step of the project (2006, consisting of a feasibility study and the implementation of 9 pilot sub-projects. During the feasibility study, the supply, demand and capacity to pay for water services were defined, existing infrastructure appraised, the necessary amount of investment assessed and an innovative operational model and a sustainable management system, including civil

  20. The role of human adenoviruses type 41 in acute diarrheal disease in Minas Gerais after rotavirus vaccination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Aparecida Vieira Reis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Human adenovirus species F (HAdV-F type 40 and 41 are commonly associated with acute diarrheal disease (ADD across the world. Despite being the largest state in southeastern Brazil and having the second largest number of inhabitants, there is no information in the State of Minas Gerais regarding the role of HAdV-F in the etiology of ADD. This study was performed to determine the prevalence, to verify the epidemiological aspects of infection, and to characterize the strains of human adenoviruses (HAdV detected. A total of 377 diarrheal fecal samples were obtained between January 2007 and August 2011 from inpatient and outpatient children of age ranging from 0 to 12 years. All samples were previously tested for rotavirus, norovirus, and astrovirus, and 314 of 377 were negative. The viral DNA was extracted, amplified using the polymerase chain reaction and the HAdV-positive samples were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed using the Chi-square test (p < 0.05, considering two conditions: the total of samples tested (377 and the total of negative samples for the remaining viruses tested (314. The overall prevalence of HAdV was 12.47% (47/377; and in 76.60% (36/47 of the positive samples, this virus was the only infectious agent detected. The phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of 32 positive samples revealed that they all clustered with the HAdV-F type 41. The statistical analysis showed that there was no correlation between the onset of the HAdV infection and the origin of the samples (inpatients or outpatients in the two conditions tested: the total of samples tested (p = 0.598 and the total of negative samples for the remaining viruses tested (p = 0.614. There was a significant association in the occurrence of infection in children aged 0–12 months for the condition 1 (p = 0.030 as well as condition 2 (p = 0.019. The occurrence of infections due to HAdV did not coincide with a pattern of

  1. Potencial Geoturístico do Parque Estadual da Serra do Ibitipoca, Sudeste do Estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Rosa Nummer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A Serra do Ibitipoca é uma feição morfoestrutural espetacular localizada entre os municípios de Santa Rita do Ibitipoca e Lima Duarte, sudeste do Estado de Minas Gerais, aproximadamente entre o paralelo 21º38’ e 21º44’, e meridianos 43º50’ e 44º00’. Neste ambiente, foi criado em 1973 o Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca (PEI pelo Instituto Estadual de Florestas de Minas Gerais, que protege uma área de 1488 ha, com altitude média de 1500m e altitudes superiores que variam de 1784m, referente ao Morro da Lombada e 1722m ao Pico do Pião. A Serra do Ibitipoca representa um contraforte proeminente da Serra da Mantiqueira, e constitui-se em duas cristas aplainadas ao norte e arrasadas ao sul. No âmbito geológico, a Serra do Ibitipoca é constituída basicamente por quartzitos de granulometria grossa, intercalados por camadas de quartzitos finos micáceos e granada-sillimanita-biotita xisto. Os sedimentos que preencheram a bacia sedimentar original foram metamorfizados na fácies anfibolito, e deformados em regime tectônico compressivo, resultantes de uma evolução tipo nappe de dobra, com desenvolvimento subseqüente de sistemas de falhas e zonas de cisalhamento de alto ângulo. O resultado desta manifestação tectônica em ambiente sedimentar transicional continente-oceano, associado à atuação de processos erosivos, propiciou o desenvolvimento de quinze magníficas e peculiares grutas formadas em rochas quarzíticas, destacandose a Gruta das Bromélias com maior extensão. A geomorfologia pode ser resumida pela ocorrência de cristas que mergulham na direção dos vales do rio do Salto e Córrego da Mata, controladas por grandes dobramentos tectônicos que afetou o pacote metassedimentar. O relevo da Serra do Ibitipoca possui feições que chamam a atenção, como pontes naturais, dolinas, lapiés e pequenos vales que podem ter sido gerados por processos de desabamentos de galerias das cavernas. As rochas do PEI têm uma evolu

  2. Evaluation of a program to overcome vitamin A and iron deficiencies in areas of poverty in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, R L; Araujo, M B; Machado, R D; Braga, A A; Leite, B V; Oliveira, J R

    1987-03-01

    Randon samples of children from both sexes from Belo Horizonte, the capital City, and from Turmalina, Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil, were submitted to nutritional evaluation before and after the intervention "Program to Overcome Vitamin A and Iron Deficiencies in Areas of Poverty in Minas Gerais, Brazil". After the first examination, all the children received, with an interval of 180 days, a single oral dose of vitamin A, oral iron sulfate during 50 days, and 200 mg of Mebendazol/day for three days. Thirty days after ending administration of the third dose of medicine, the children were subjected to a new evaluation. In Belo Horizonte, the first evaluation revealed a high prevalence of deficient and low values of vitamin A in preschool children (21.5%) and school children (21.7%). A small prevalence of low hematocrit values was also observed in both groups. Deficient and low values of hemoglobin were found as well in 21.5% of preschool children and in 17.5% of school children. The second evaluation, practiced 30 days after the third dose of medicine, showed a small incidence of low vitamin A values (4.3% in preschool children and 2.9% in school children) and low hemoglobin values (6.5% in preschool children and 2.9% in school children). No deficient values of hemoglobin and vitamin A were observed. Concerning the hematocrit value, only one school child presented a low value at the second evaluation. On the other hand, in Jequitinhonha Valley, five cases of Bitot spot with conjunctival xerosis, two cases of corneal xerosis, and one case of keratomalacia were detected at the first examination. Thirty days after ending the third dose of medicine, only one corneal scar was observed. Only a small number of children with deficient and low levels of vitamin A and hemoglobin was found in the final evaluation (less than 8%), while this number was high at the first evaluation (above 38 and 12%, respectively). These results show the efficiency of the intervention

  3. Estudos mineralógicos e microtermométricos de algumas espécies mineralógicas oriundas de pegmatitos dos distritos pegmatíticos de Santa Maria de Itabira e Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais.

    OpenAIRE

    Newman, Daniela Teixeira de Carvalho

    2009-01-01

    Programa de Pós-Graduação em Evolução Crustal e Recursos Naturais. Departamento de Geologia. Escola de Minas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto. Dentre os bens minerais originários do estado de Minas Gerais, ressaltam-se as variedades gemológicas do berilo, as turmalinas, micas, feldspatos, topázio e fluorita. Os minerais procedentes dos pegmatitos de Minas Gerais, vêm sendo alvo de estudo por parte de diversos pesquisadores, sendo que a maior parte desses trabalhos dedicam-se à caracter...

  4. Structure and biodiversity of zooplankton communities in freshwater habitats of a Vereda Wetland Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olívia Penatti Pinese

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aims: Vereda wetlands are among the most important aquatic habitats in Brazilian savannah (Cerrado because of their association with river springs and its relevancy for biodiversity conservation. This study aimed to determine and compare the biodiversity of zooplankton in vereda lakes, differentiated by the presence or absence of aquatic macrophytes at an environmental reserve in Uberlândia, Minas Geais, Southeastern Brazil. Zooplanctonic abundance patterns and their relation with environmental parameters were also discussed and presented through multivariate statistics. Methods Twelve samples were taken at water surface, at 15-day intervals in 2006. It was observed a total richness of 75 species, including 12 genera, 29 species and one sub-species as new records for Minas Gerais State. Results Rotifers were the predominant group and Lecanidae was the most diverse family. Among cladocerans, Chydoridae showed the greatest richness and Bosminidae the highest abundance. Few adult copepods were sampled in this study, but nauplii were very frequent. Cyclopidae was the most common family among copepods and there was no record of Calanoida. Conclusions The difference in composition among the studied lakes was remarkable. The lake with macrophytes showed the greatest richness but the lowest density, and the opposite situation occurred in the other lake. This can be explained by the fact that aquatic macrophytes, as primary producers, exert a bottom-up effect on zooplankton community, sustaining a high local diversity in contrast with a low numeric abundance of these microorganisms. Therefore, this pattern may have been created by the surround heterogeneity and, at the same time, by the reduction of available minerals of the system caused by macrophyte matter fixation. Many studies on zooplankton need to be developed in palm swamp communities in order to better comprehend the biological diversity and the energy balance in different habitats for

  5. Environmental licensing for the implementation of small hydroelectric power plants: analysis and optimization proposals for Minas Gerais state, Brazil; Licenciamento ambiental para implantacao de pequenas centrais hidreletricas: analise e propostas de otimizacao para Minas Gerais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedreira, Adriana Coli [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Engenharia da Energia], e-mail: adriana@unifei.edu.br; Dupas, Francisco Antonio [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Inst. de Recursos Naturais], e-mail: dupas@unifei.edu.brT

    2004-07-01

    This document presents the legal and institutional aspects of the environmental licensing for the implementation of small hydroelectric power plants (SHPP). Laws and doctrine related to the topic were researched and concluded for Minas Gerais State with the help of a survey with the enterprises and institutions involved in the process to find out the difficulties that influence the delay of the analysis of the SHPP. It also highlights the importance of environmental zoning as a tool of environmental management for the procedure to obtain these licenses. The results show that 80% of the cases, the institutions do not respect the deadlines, 40% of the studies presented by the enterprises are insufficient, 60% there is lack of human resource and technical capacities of the environment institutions, and 80% non-fulfilment of the laws and non-integration of the institutions. Finally, the study concludes that the difficulties to obtain these licenses are based on the facts mentioned which are, the non-integration of the institutions and also, being recent, on the inexperience of the actors involved. Therefore, it is suggested that deadlines should be imposed for the institutions and the enterprises. There should be training, fund raising for the hiring of technicians, fulfillment of the law and above all, transparency in order to supply the electrical energy demand and guarantee the sustainable development. (author)

  6. BACK TO GOIÁS AND MINAS GERAIS: Returnees, Geographical Imaginations and its DiscontentsDE VOLTA PARA GOIÁS E MINAS GERAIS: retornados, imaginações Geográficas e seus descontentamentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Patrick Marcus

    2010-12-01

    Migration processes to the United States are just as much about those migrants who leave Brazil as it is about those who remain, and also about those who return to Brazil (i.e.; returnees.  Brazilian immigration to the United States is a relatively recent phenomenon that gained momentum in the 1980s in unprecedented numbers. How are these Portuguese-speaking Brazilian immigrants shaping and (recreating new places and spaces, and what happens upon their eventual return to Brazil? How are migrant returnees experiencing changes in their livelihoods in two sending communities in Brazil, after living in two receiving communities in the United States? Using multiple methods and selected extracts from 273 in-depth and informal interviews, this paper addresses these questions by evaluating the changes incurred by migration. Brazilians (recreate transnational places and spaces through social, cultural, and economic practices, within receiving communities, but they also incorporate and add new elements to their livelihoods in sending communities of Piracanjuba, in the state of Goiás, and Governador Valadares, in the state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil. Brazilian migration processes have both positive and negative ramifications.  However, the migration process is experienced differently by men and women.  Men tend to experience an emasculation of sorts and are happier in Brazil, while women tend to indicate higher happiness levels in the United States. Keywords: Brazilian immigration, return migration, Brazil, transnationalism, cultural geography, ethnic geography.

  7. Levantamento malacológico da Bacia Hidrográfica do Lago Soledade, Ouro Branco, (Minas Gerais, Brasil Malacological survey at the Soledade Lake, in Ouro Branco (Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roney Elias da Silva

    1994-10-01

    Full Text Available Em estudo malacológico realizado na Bacia Hidrográfica do Lago Soledade, Ouro Branco, MG, no período de setembro de 1986 a março de 1991, foram coletados 46.579 moluscos, representados por 07 espécies de 05 famílias. Foram coletados 39.176 exemplares de Biomphalaria tenagophila, 1.296 de B. glabrata, sete exemplares de Drepanotrema cimex, 2.527 de Physa sp, 417 de Lymnaea sp, 92 de Pomacea haustrum e, a partir de março/1990, 3.064 exemplares de Melanoides tuberculata (Melanniidae = Thiaridae. Dos moluscos que apresentaram positividade para diversas larvas de trematódeos, quatro exemplares de B. tenagophila estavam positivos para S. mansoni.A malacological survey was carried out at the Soledade Lake, in Ouro Branco, State of Minas Gerais, for the period 1986-1991. A total amount of 46,579 mollusks was collected, and among them seven species corresponding to five families could be found, as follows: 39,176 specimens of Biomphalaria tenagophila; 1,296 B. glabrata; 7 Drepanotrema cimex; 2,527 Physa sp; 417 Lymnaea sp; 92 Pomacea hastrum, and 3,064 specimens of Melanoides tuberculata (Melanniidae=Thiaridae were collected from March/1990 onwards. Four specimens of B. tenagophila were found to be positive for Schistosoma mansoni.

  8. Bafômetro positivo: correlatos do comportamento de beber e dirigir na cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Alcoholímetro positivo: interrelación entre la conducta de beber y conducir en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Positive breathalyzer test: factors associated with drinking and driving in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Ribeiro Campos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As características dos condutores que adotam o comportamento do beber e dirigir ainda não foram bem estudadas no país. O presente estudo apresenta dados da prevalência e características dos motoristas sob a influência de álcool nas nove regionais da cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram entrevistados 1.656 condutores. Desses, 1.254 (76% aceitaram responder a um questionário estruturado e fazer o teste do bafômetro. O teste do bafômetro foi positivo para 15% dos condutores. O modelo de regressão logística prediz bafômetro positivo com chance 1,5 vez maior para os condutores com idade acima de 31 anos e 4,5 vezes maior para quem tem frequência de consumo de álcool pelo menos semanal. Além disso, condutores da regional Barreiro tem 2 vezes mais chances de apresentarem bafômetro positivo. Estudos localizados com metodologia dos postos de checagem da sobriedade podem monitorar o comportamento e características dos condutores, riscos no trânsito e direcionar políticas públicas para o beber e dirigir.Las características de los conductores que adoptan la conducta de beber y conducir todavía no han sido bien estudiadas en el país. El presente estudio muestra datos de la prevalencia y características de los conductores bajo la influencia de alcohol en las nueve carreteras regionales de la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se entrevistaron a 1.656 conductores. De ellos, 1.254 (76% aceptaron responder a un cuestionario estructurado y hacer el test del alcoholímetro. El test del alcoholímetro fue positivo para un 15% de los conductores. El modelo de regresión logística predice un alcoholímetro positivo con una probabilidad 1,5 vez mayor para los conductores de edad por encima de los 31 años y 4,5 veces mayor para quien tiene una frecuencia de consumo de alcohol por lo menos semanal. Asimismo, conductores de la regional Barreiro tienen 2 veces más probabilidad de presentar positivo en el alcohol

  9. Vítimas fatais e anos de vida perdidos por acidentes de trânsito em Minas Gerais, Brasil Víctimas fatales y años de vida perdidos por accidentes de tráfico en Minas Gerais, Brasil Fatal traffic accidents victims and potential years of life lost in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Carolina Camargo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudo objetivou analisar o perfil das vítimas fatais pelos acidentes de trânsito e quantificar o impacto desses óbitos através dos anos potenciais de vida perdidos (APVP, em Minas Gerais. Utilizou-se de abordagem epidemiológica por registros do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade do Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde. Entre 1996 e 2007, ocorreram 38.395 óbitos, média anual de 17,61 óbitos/100.000 habitantes. Foram 8.894,46 APVP/100.000 habitantes, perfazendo 43,24 APVP por óbito. Homens, entre 20 e 59 anos, foram as maiores vítimas fatais. Essa mortalidade apresentou ascendência entre os idosos. De forma geral, acidentes de trânsito resultam de desarranjos na infraestrutura urbana, comportamento arriscado de condutores e pedestres e ineficiências na regulação/fiscalização do tráfego. É complexo o seu impacto no setor saúde, principalmente pela perda de pessoas em idade produtiva. Perante os resultados apresentados, espera-se contribuir para o fomento de novas possibilidades de enfrentamento desse agravo.El estudio tiene como objetivo analizar el perfil de las víctimas fatales por accidentes de tráfico y cuantificar el impacto de estas muertes a través de los años potenciales de vida perdidos (APVP, en Minas Gerais. Se utilizó de abordaje epidemiológico por registros del Sistema de Información de Mortalidad del Departamento de Informática del Sistema Único de Salud. Entre 1996 y 2007 se produjeron 38.395 muertes, un promedio anual de 17,61 muertes por cada 100.000 habitantes. Fueron 8.894,46 APVP por cada 100.000 habitantes, lo que representa 43,24 APVP por cada muerte. Hombres, de 20 a 59 años, fueron las principales víctimas. Esa mortalidad presentó ascendencia entre los ancianos. En general, accidentes de tráfico resultan de problemas en la infraestructura urbana, comportamiento de riesgo por parte de los conductores y peatones e ineficiencias en la regulación/fiscalización del tr

  10. Compensação e incentivo à proteção ambiental: o caso do ICMS ecológico em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciany Lima Fernandes

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O ICMS Ecológico, criado em 1991 no Paraná, surgiu da reivindicação dos municípios que sentiam que suas economias eram prejudicadas pelas restrições de uso do solo, originadas por serem mananciais de abastecimento para municípios vizinhos ou por integrarem Unidades de Conservação. Dessa forma, o poder público estadual sentiu a necessidade de reformular os critérios de distribuição do ICMS, favorecendo estes municípios com recursos adicionais. Em Minas Gerais, o ICMS Ecológico foi criado em 1995, através da Lei Robin Hood. No sentido de verificar o impacto desse instrumento, esse artigo teve como objetivo analisá-lo nas suas funções de compensação e incentivo aos municípios mineiros. Nesse sentido, foram calculados os índices consolidados de produção e de preservação para todos os municípios mineiros, e utilizou-se um modelo de dados em painel para verificar qual a relação entre a área protegida e o valor do ICMS Ecológico recebido através do subcritério Unidades de Conservação. Os resultados obtidos mostram que esse instrumento compensa a maior parte dos municípios, mas vem perdendo sua importância nos últimos anos. Quanto ao incentivo, o ICMS Ecológico realmente incentiva a preservação e a conservação do meio ambiente, pois há uma relação direta entre o montante recebido e o crescimento de áreas protegidas nos municípios mineiros.The Ecological ICMS was first used to distribute a share of the ICMS revenue in the Paraná state in 1991. This pioneer experience originated from counties' claims which argued that their economies were harmed by land use restrictions, mainly because they were watershed protection areas or their territory was part of a conservation unit. Responding to these claims, the state government changed the ICMS allocation criteria, favoring those counties with added funds. In the Minas Gerais state, the Ecological ICMS was implemented in 1995 with the "Robin Hood Law". The

  11. Epidemology and clinical aspects of human rabies in Minas Gerais, Brasil: misdiagnosis and misunderstandings on the psychopathological disturbances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayme Neves

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports 40 cases of human rabies studied at the Carlos Chagas Hospital of UFMC, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from 1963 through 1976. From the epidemioiogical point of view it is concluded that the magnitude of the problem of human rabies in underdeveioped countries remains quite unknown. Speciai emphasis is given to the lack of apropriate knowledge of the recommended preventive measures, and to the influence of health education and socio-economic-cultural structure of the communities. The classic clinical picture of human rabies is briefiy described, particular attention being drawn to psychopathologic features of rabies encephalomyeiitis. it is pointed out that in some cases the mental symptoms may predominate from the onset of the illness, adding difficuity to the diagnosis. According to the Authors, human rabies must be differentiated from several psychopathologic syndromes and also from encephalomyelitis due to other central nervous system infections. It is discussed whether the fataiistic concept of human rabies would be somehow contributing to delay a better understanding of the natural history of the disease.

  12. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in preschool children in the region of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Ribeiro Gonçalves

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Children are an important high-risk group for helminth and protozoa infections. Daycare centers are environments where children have proven to be more susceptible to acquiring intestinal parasites. Thus, the purpose of this study was to verify the prevalence of intestinal parasites in children who attended the two daycare centers maintained by the local government of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from 133 children (73 children at the Public Preschool for Early Childhood Education, PPECE A, and 60 at the PPECE B following identification according to sex and age and agreement to participate by parents or guardians who signed the free, informed consent form. The samples were examined by the Lutz method. RESULTS: Coproparasitological tests performed on 133 children showed that 29.3% of them were parasitized for enteroparasites or commensals, 6.7% of the children presented polyparasitism. Among the protozoa, Giardia lamblia were the most prevalent and Hymenolepis nana were the most frequent among the helminths. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, analysis of the results showed that intestinal parasites still represent a public health problem, especially among children and in areas where the socioeconomic and educational conditions are less favorable.

  13. OCCURRENCE OF BAT FLIES (DIPTERA, HIPPOBOSCOIDEA IN DESMONDUS RODUNTUS (MAMMALIA, CHIROPTERA IN ZONA DA MATA, MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. S. Dias

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Vampire bats are important agents in the field and currently regarded as the main reservoir in Latin America in the transmission of rabies of herbivores, thus, these animals are monitored by researchers and animal health protection services and suffer from populational control to minimize the impact of the occurrence of cases of rabies in domestic animals. Rabies is a zoonosis of 100% lethality. The presence of haematofagous flies have been observed in these animals. There of is to highlight the importance of these agents that are restricted parasites of bats and could be responsible for transmission of the rabies virus between them. It is also worth emphasizing the importance of assessing the distribution of these parasites of bats according to the climatic conditions of a given site, because these elements are essential to limit the distribution of these parasites. The presence of parasites in animals presents itself as an important element for understanding the mechanisms that are configured in the control of population of a given agent. The present study aimed to record the occurrence of flies in vampire bats in the Forest of Minas Gerais State.

  14. Characterization and delimitation of the terroir coffee in plantations in the municipal district of Araponga, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel de Assis Silva

    Full Text Available Differentiating coffees through the notion of terroirs allows us to determine potential areas for specialty coffee production and to characterize the type of coffee in these areas, exploring their potential. The objective of this work was to study spatial variability quality and to characterize and delimit terroirs in coffee crop production in Araponga municipality, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, using sensorial evaluation. The data were collected from four crops, from altitudes ranging from 770 to 1270 m, with the extract increasing from low to high. In each plot of crops, samples of cherry fruits were collected, dried, benefited, subjected to sensorial analysis and given grades ranging from 0 to 100 points for the global drink quality and relative characteristics of honey, body, acidity, flavor and equilibrium. The spatial variability of the quality was analyzed using the Moran Index. To define coffee production terroirs, average quality grades were compared through separation tests and the individual values of the plots were subjected to an analysis of groupings. The study was efficient in identifying terroirs for mountain coffee culture, therefore allowing coffees to be differentiated as a function of their production locations. Araponga has more than one coffee production terroir characterized by two distinct altitude extracts.

  15. Enteroparasites and commensals among children in four peripheral districts of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Eleuza Rodrigues; Santos, Dircelina Silva; Costa-Cruz, Julia Maria

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of intestinal parasites and commensals among children in four peripheral districts located in the northern, southern, eastern and western sectors of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, using the Baermann methods as modified by Moraes and Lutz. Out of 160 individuals studied, 93 (58.1% CI: 50.4-65.7) were infected, distributed among the sectors as follows: northern (72.5%), southern (47.5%), eastern (57.5%) and western (55%). The positive findings according to age groups were: 0-5 years (26.9%), 5-10 years (21.2%) and 10-15 years (10%). Male children presented 2.7 times higher risk of infection than females did (OR: 2.7; CI: 1052-7001). The parasites and commensals identified were: Giardia lamblia (27.5%), Entamoeba coli (20.6%), Ascaris lumbricoides (14.4%), Enterobius vermicularis (8.8%), Hymenolepis nana (7.5%), Hymenolepis diminuta (5%), hookworms (3.1%), Trichuris trichiura (2.5%), Endolimax nana (2.5%), Entamoeba hartmanni (2.5%), Strongyloides stercoralis (1.3%), Iodamoeba butschlii (1.3%) and Capillaria hepatica (0.6%). The infection rate in these children was high and showed the need to implement prophylactic education programs in the community.

  16. Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia: Validity evidence and norms for adolescents in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Nunes-Silva

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia (MBEA is a battery of tests that assesses six music processing components: scale, contour, interval, rhythm, metric, and music memory. The present study sought to verify the psychometric characteristics of the MBEA in a sample of 150 adolescents aged 14-18 years in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to develop specific norms for this population. We used statistical procedures that explored the dimensional structure of the MBEA and its items, evaluating their adequacy from empirical data, verifying their reliability, and providing evidence of validity. The results for the difficult levels for each test indicated a trend toward higher scores, corroborating previous studies. From the analysis of the criterion groups, almost all of the items were considered discriminatory. The global score of the MBEA was shown to be valid and reliable (r K-R20=0.896 for assessing the musical ability of normal teenagers. Based on the analysis of the items, we proposed a short version of the MBEA. Further studies with larger samples and amusic individuals are necessary to provide evidence of the validity of the MBEA in the Brazilian milieu. The present study brings to the Brazilian context a tool for diagnosing deficits in musical skills and will serve as a basis for comparisons with single case studies and studies of populations with specific neuropsychological syndromes.

  17. SOIL CO2 EFFLUX IN FOUR DIFFERENT LAND USE SYSTEMS IN RIO POMBA, MINAS GERAIS/BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Marques de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Functioning and sustainability of agricultural systems depend directly on the soil biological activity. Soil respiration, or CO2 efflux, is a sensible indicator of biological activity, revealing fast and accurately whether changes in environment affect soil community. In this context, soil respiration can be used to evaluate soil organisms behavior after an environmental change revealing the capacity of a soil in it normal functioning after a disturb event. The objective of this work was to study seasonal variation in soil CO 2 efflux in Rio Pomba/MG and its relation with typical land uses of Zona da Mata region of Minas Gerais. Fluctuation on soil CO2 efflux was observed in all areas throughout the period of the study, from September 2010 to August 2011, as a result of climatic variation. We have also reported specific patterns on CO 2 efflux that can be associated with land use. It was observed that the area under annual crops presented the highest amplitude of changes in respiratory rates, while forest and guava plantation presented the lowest. The principal component analysis revealed that the area cultivated with guava presented pattern of CO 2 efflux similar to forest, and the area intensively cultivated with annual crops showed behavior opposite to the forest. We conclude that variation in soil respiration rates is higher in intensive cropped areas. Additionally, total soil respiration can be used as a methodology to assess the interference of cropping on soil biota.

  18. Prevalência da incontinência anal na população urbana de Pouso Alegre - Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Regina de Souza Santos

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste estudo foram conhecer a prevalência da incontinência anal (IA em adultos da cidade de Pouso Alegre (Minas Gerais e verificar os fatores demográficos e clínicos preditores de sua presença. Estudo epidemiológico desenvolvido por meio de amostragem estratificada por conglomerado, tendo amostra final composta de 519 indivíduos, com idade >18 anos, em condições físicas e mentais adequadas, residentes em 341 domicílios da área urbana e sorteados aleatoriamente. As prevalências foram padronizadas por sexo e idade, resultando em 7,0% para IA, tanto geral como para homens e mulheres. No modelo final de regressão logística, número de filhos (OR=5,1; p<0,001, doença hemorroidária (OR=4,4; p<0,001 e cistocele (OR=3,0; p<0,001 estavam associados à presença de IA. O estudo permitiu conhecer a epidemiologia da IA e pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de políticas públicas visando à prevenção primária e secundária, e ao tratamento, ainda que inicialmente em nível municipal.

  19. Qualidade da maçã cv. Eva produzida em duas regiões de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dili Luiza de Oliveira Oliveira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A maçã Eva é a principal cultivar produzida no estado de Minas Gerais, onde vem ganhando espaço no mercado por suas características de coloração e sabor, além de sua precocidade na produção. Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar as características físicas e químicas de frutos da cultivar Eva, desde o início até o final da colheita em cinco épocas distintas no mesmo ano agrícola (11/11, 16/11, 23/11, 30/11 e 2/12/2011 nos municípios de Maria da Fé, MG, e Piedade do Rio Grande, MG. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi inteiramente casualizado em esquema fatorial 2 x 5 com dez tratamentos, cinco repetições e cinco frutos por repetição. Foram avaliados: peso; firmeza da polpa, teores de acidez titulável e de sólidos solúveis. Houve diferença significativa para todas as características avaliadas. Frutos de melhor qualidade foram obtidos na última colheita (2/12/11 em ambos os locais. Entretanto, a realização da colheita antes de 2 de dezembro possibilita melhor remuneração ao produtor devido à ausência do produto no mercado.

  20. Enzymatic and antagonistic potential of bacteria isolated from typical fruit of Cerrado in Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Ferreira Silva

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has great biodiversity, which is observed in the Cerrado biome of the tropical Brazilian savanna. The objectives of this study were to isolate and identify bacteria from Psychotria hoffmannseggiana with potential cellulase and pectinase production and with antagonistic activity against Aspergillus carbonarius, an Ochratoxin A (OTA producer. Ripe fruit were collected in the region of Passos City in the preserved Cerrado area in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Serial dilutions were performed, and the bacteria isolated were biochemically characterized and identified by sequencing. To analyze the production of enzymes, the bacteria were cultivated in CMC and pectinase media. The better enzyme producers were optimized for production. Assays on the antagonistic activity for growth and sporulation were carried out in co-culture (bacteria and filamentous fungi. TLC was performed to verify the mycotoxin production. The predominant microbiota were Gram-negative bacteria belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Some isolates showed potential for enzymatic and antagonistic activity, especially the isolate identified as Lysinibacillus fusiformis. This species was a better producer of cellulases (maximum activity: 103.1 mg glucose min.-1 mg-1 protein. In conclusion, the bacteria isolated from Psychotria hoffmannseggiana showed biotechnological potential for agro-industry and the environmental aspect.

  1. Cold storage of peaches cv. Aurora grown in the Zona da Mata Mineira, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Fabíola Pereira Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the postharvest behavior of peach cv. Aurora 1 harvested in the Zona da Mata region of Minas Gerais in two ripening stages and kept under different storage temperatures. Fruits on mid-ripe and fully ripe stages were stored at three temperatures: 5.6 ± 1.57 °C and 72.8 ± 3.8% RH; 10.4 ± 0.5 °C and 95.8 ± 5.5% RH; 21.04 ± 1.63 °C and 96.9 ± 2.6% RH up to 28 storage days (SD . During storage, fruits stored at 21.04 ± 1.63 °C were evaluated every two days until 8 SD, and every four days for fruits stored at other temperatures. The harvest day was assigned as day zero. The variables evaluated were CO2 production, color of the pericarp and pulp, fresh mass loss, flesh firmness, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, contents of ascorbic acid and carotenoids. The fresh mass loss increased during storage, peaking at 5.6 °C. The reduction in ascorbic acid content was higher in fully ripe fruits at all temperatures. Mid-ripe fruits reached the end of the storage period with better quality. The temperature of 10.4 °C was the most efficient in keeping postharvest quality of peach cv. Aurora 1 harvested in the Zona da Mata region.

  2. Genetic similarity among Agistemus pallinii Matioli et al (Acari: Stigmaeidae) found in citrus orchards in Vicosa, Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matioli, Andre L. [Instituto Biologico, Campinas, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Entomologia Economica], e-mail: almatioli@biologico.sp.gov.br; Pallini, Angelo [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), MG (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia Animal], e-mail: pallini@ufv.br; Tavares, Mara G. [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), MG (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia Geral], e-mail: mtavares@ufv.br

    2009-03-15

    Stigmaeidae are very important predators of mite and insect pests on several crops in Brazil. It is considered the second most important family of predatory mites in citrus orchards in Brazil. However, their identification, especially that of the members of the genus Agistemus, is rather difficult based only on morphology. Hence, this study describes the use of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD-PCR) markers to determine the genetic similarity of an Agistemus pallinii Matioli et al population found in 2004 in a citrus orchard in Vicosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, preying on Panonychus citri (McGregor). Amplifications were performed with 12 random primers (OPAA8, OPAA19, OPAB1, OPAB5, OPAB18, OPAC9, OPAC17, OPAC19, OPAD10, OPAE9, OPAE12 and OPAE17), which generated 119 bands, with 53.8% polymorphism. The coefficients of genetic similarity among the individuals ranged from 0.68 to 0.99, indicating a high genetic similarity among them. The 3D projection analysis clustered the majority of individuals confirming their high similarity. Though individuals of A. pallinii are minute ({+-} 360 {mu}m long), the PCR-RAPD technique can still be used for their identification, complementing morphological analyses or for comparison of populations collected in different geographic regions. This is the fi rst molecular study carried out with stigmaeid mites. (author)

  3. Trabalho rural e fatores de risco associados ao regime de uso de agrotóxicos em Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soares Wagner

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo foi caracterizar o processo do trabalho rural em nove municípios de Minas Gerais, considerando indicadores sócio-demográficos, a estrutura agrária dos estabelecimentos rurais, práticas de trabalho relacionadas ao uso de agrotóxicos e, a intoxicação associada a seu uso. Os dados foram obtidos de uma pesquisa realizada pela Fundação Jorge Duprat Figueiredo, de Segurança e Medicina do Trabalho, que aplicou um questionário a 1.064 trabalhadores rurais, entre os anos de 1991 a 2000. Por meio de uma regressão logística, foram obtidos os fatores de risco associados à intoxicação por agrotóxicos dos grupos organofosforados e carbamatos. Cerca de 50% dos entrevistados se encontravam ao menos moderadamente intoxicados. Os fatores de risco encontrados foram: ter o último contato a menos de duas semanas com agrotóxicos; não usar proteção; ser orientado pelo vendedor; citar organofosforado ou carbamato como agrotóxico principal e trabalhar nos municípios de Teófoli Otoni, Guidoval ou Piraúba. Os resultados apontam para o alto grau de risco de agravos à saúde a que estão sujeitos trabalhadores rurais em contato com agrotóxicos.

  4. Epidemiological survey of the taeniasis/cysticercosis complex in cattle farms in Viçosa County, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane O. Santos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the importance of human taeniasis/bovine cysticercosis for public and animal health and the economy, its actual epidemiological status in Brazil is not well-studied. We sought to assess the epidemiological profile of this zoonosis in the rural area of Viçosa County, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The prevalence of bovine cysticercosis was 0.42%, whereas no case of human taeniasis was diagnosed. Factors favoring the persistence of zoonosis were identified. These included the supply of untreated water to animals, animals raised for slaughter without sanitary supervision, poor mechanization of raising techniques, and the use of untreated water for human consumption. Bovine meat for human consumption acquired in the city or from the farm itself was characterized as a risk factor for bovine cysticercosis (Odds Ratio (OR =16.77; p<0.05. Nevertheless, the families on the investigated farms did apply several appropriate measures to control this disease, such as the virtual lack of open sewers and the consumption of well-cooked meat. The presence of bovine cysticercosis cases, and the factors favoring its persistence, point to the need for constant epidemiological and sanitary surveillance in this county.

  5. Eficiência na seleção de progênies de cafeeiro avaliadas em Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Frota Pinto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo verificar a eficiência de seleção das progênies de cafeeiros derivadas do cruzamento entre Catuaí com Icatu e com Híbrido de Timor. Foram avaliadas 18 progênies desenvolvidas pelo Programa de Melhoramento Genético da Epamig/UFLA/UFV. Os ensaios foram instalados em dezembro de 2005, nas cidades de Lavras, Campos Altos e Patrocínio, em Minas Gerais. As características analisadas foram as seguintes: produtividade, grãos retidos em peneira "17 acima" e frutos cereja em porcentagem. Para verificar a eficiência de seleção, foi aplicado o índice de coincidência segundo métodos de HAMBLIN and ZIMMERMANN (1986 e a magnitude da interação progênies x ambientes e sua decomposição em parte simples e complexa utilizando método de CRUZ e CASTOLDI (1991. A predominância da parte complexa em relação à simples na interação das progênies x ambientes confirma a baixa ou não coincidência das progênies nos diferentes ambientes, dificultando uma recomendação generalizada para as diferentes regiões cafeeiras do Estado.

  6. Clinical profile of patients with myasthenia gravis followed at the University Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Mansueto Mourão

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Summary Objective: to determine the clinical profile of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG; followed at the Neuromuscular Diseases Clinic of the University Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to compare it with other Brazilian case series. Methods: sociodemographic and clinical data were collected from patients, and a systematic literature review performed, focusing on national studies on the clinical profile of MG patients. Results: sixty nine patients were enrolled in the study. Fifty five (91% subjects were female and the mean age (SD was 37.6 (±11.4 years. The mean disease duration was 14.1 years. Regarding treatment, prednisone was the most used strategy (64%, followed by the use of azathioprine (43%. There was no difference between thymectomized (42 and non-thymectomized (27 patients regarding disease severity and medication use. Conclusion: clinical and socio-demographic features of this MG sample from a University-based clinic resemble those reported in other Brazilian series and in the international literature.

  7. Evaluation of schistosomiasis control activities in the Family Health Strategy in municipalities in the Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quites, Humberto Ferreira de Oliveira; Abreu, Mery Natali Silva; Matoso, Leonardo Ferreira; Gazzinelli, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Observational study that examined the quality of the preventive actions for schistosomiasis control in the Brazilian Family Health Strategy (FHS) in an endemic area. Structured questionnaires were used to interview 97 health professionals of the FHS and the Secretary of Health of 25 municipalities belonging to the State Health Department of Pedra Azul, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Models of latent variables were used to define a score to evaluate the quality of the process. The results showed that 57.8% of the FHS teams' actions were unsatisfactory or critical. The professionals did not perform effective activities for the control of the infection and 8.1% did not use the diagnostic methods required by the government. Similarly, the professionals did not receive adequate training for the development of schistosomiasis prevention and control. There was a lack of educational materials to carry out health education activities, and the FHS teams conducted educational activities in only 48% of the schools of municipalities. Less than half of the professionals interviewed knew about the Schistosomiasis Control Program. We concluded that it is necessary to integrate this Program's practices to the FHS, and seek a suitable support of municipal management through pacts and social control.

  8. Cryptosporidium sp. in children suffering from acute diarrhea at Uberlândia City, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margareth Leitão Gennari-Cardoso

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available This study's objective was to search for Cryptosporidium sp. in diarrheic feces from children aged zero to 12 years and cared for at medical units within Universidade Federal de Uberlândia or at a private practice in Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from September 1992 to August 1993. Three fecal samples preserved in 10% formalin, were collected from 94 children. Oocyst concentration was performed through Ritchie's (modified method and staining of fecal smears for each sample (total of 1128 slides was done by the "Safranin/Methylene Blue" and the "Kinyoun (modified" techniques. The Hoffmann, Pons & Janer method was also employed to look for other enteroparasites. From 94 children, 4.26% excreted fecal Cryptosporidium oocysts. The infection seemed to vary according to age: 5.08% of patients aged zero to two years old; 33.33% of those aging eight to ten years (P>0.05. Cryptosporidium appeared in November, December and March, during the rainy season. 20.21% of the children harbored at least one enteroparasite different from Cryptosporidium, mainly Giardia intestinalis (12.77%. From Cryptosporidium infected patients, two had only this kind, another harbored Giardia intestinalis; the last one hosted Strongyloides stercoralis.

  9. [Evaluation of the self-esteem of bearers of HIV/AIDS of Alfenas city, Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Brito, Tábatta Renata Pereira; Vilela, Maraisa Pimenta; Goyatá, Sueli Leiko Takamatsu; Arantes, Cássia Irene Spinelli

    2009-06-01

    This study aimed at identifying the socioeconomic characteristics and at evaluating the self-esteem of the adult users with positive serology anti-HIV and attacked by AIDS, assisted in the Centro de Testagem e Aconselhamento (CTA) of the Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. It is a study accomplished among April to August 2008 with the technique of semi-structured interview. The age group prevailed among 30-39 years (37.78%), feminine gender (53.3%), white color (48.9%), single (37.8%), low education level (42.2%), that they acquired the virus through sexual relationship (88.9%) and with medium score of self-esteem (62.2%). In relation to the relatives, 24.44% of the interviewees had at least a positive serum in the family. The epidemic identification profile of the bearers of HIV/AIDS in CTA of Alfenas it comes to evidence the need of larger social mobilization and of inter-sectorial integration in the implementation of actions that can act facing this grievance.

  10. MOSCAS-DAS-FRUTAS (DIPTERA: TEPHRITIDAE EM POMARES DA ÁREA URBANA NO NORTE DE MINAS GERAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLARICE DINIZ ALVARENGA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim this work was know the species of fruit fly and host plants in orchards in the urban area in the north of Minas Gerais. Were selected 10 orchards with wide variety of fruit species, which were distributed in equidistant way in the urban area of Janaúba, MG. Weekly, were collected systematically fruit flies through trap type McPhail and ripe fruit and in ripening one, on those orchards. Were collected 7.016 tephritid obtained from trap (5.226 and fruit (1.790, from which 1.044 belonged to genus Anastrepha and 5.972 were Ceratitis capitata. The specimens number of C. capitata (85.1% was around six times superior to Anastrepha spp. (14.9%, demonstrating the preference of this species for urban orchards. Eight species of Anastrepha occur in urban orchards of Janaúba, MG. Ceratitis capitata was found infesting 10 species of host fruits, being the main S. purpurea and guava. In fruits were collected three species of Anastrepha (A. obliqua, A. sororcula and A. zenildae which were associated with five species of fruit (Malpighia glabra L, Psidium guayava L, S. dulcis, S. purpurea and S. tuberosa. The predominant species of Anastrepha was A. obliqua, and S. tuberosa and S. purpurea being the main hosts of this species in the urban area of Janaúba, MG.

  11. [Population dynamics and the profile of mortality in the municipality of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira-Campos, Maryane; Cerqueira, Marília Borborema Rodrigues; Rodrigues Neto, João Felício

    2011-01-01

    This study is an ecological study of time trend. The objective of this study is to assess the population dynamics as the 1980 Census, 1991 and 2000, and the profile of mortality in the period between 1996 and 2005, in Montes Claros, Minas Gerais State. We used the information systems database of Datasus and IBGE. The main results indicate that the elderly group increased from 4.1% in 1980, 5.0% in 1991 to 6.6% in 2000. On the proportional mortality by cause, diseases of the circulatory system were the first cause of death, and 23.05% in 1996 and 28.26% in 2005, followed by cancer 14.13% in 1996 and 15.69% in 2005, external causes of morbidity and mortality 11.87% in 1996 and 12.74% in 2005 and infectious and parasitic diseases 8.42% in 1996 and 5.43% in 2005. The profile of mortality followed the population dynamics of the city observed a reduction of infectious diseases and an increase in chronic diseases, consistent with the process of population aging.

  12. The two-headed snake in the view of the inhabitants of Itatiaia village, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Barbosa Mateus

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Amphisbaenids are fossorial Squamate reptiles popularly known as two-headed snakes. They are animals poorly known in urban areas, although being present in the daily life of the rural population. Aiming to document the folk knowledge, as well as the superstitions with regard to these animals, this ethnobiological study was developed in Itatiaia village, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Between April and November 2009, ecological and biological aspects of amphisbaenids were approached through interviews with 48 villagers. Only the individuals who allowed the access to their knowledge and beliefs were interviewed. Data were analyzed using the union model of several individual competences. According to the number of inhabitants who were interviewed, it is possible to say that the population classifies amphisbaenids as snakes, considering them dangerous animals, thus favoring their death whenever they are found. The ethnozoology can be used as an important tool for obtaining information about amphisbaenids and, if combined to educational activities, it may also contribute to the conservation of these animals.

  13. Strongyloides stercoralis and other Enteroparasites in Children at Uberlândia City, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigues Machado Eleuza

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the rate of infection by Strongyloides stercoralis and other enteroparasites a survey was conducted in the city of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 900 stool samples from 300 children aging from four months to seven years, randomly selected in ten nursery schools from September 1994 to December 1995, were examined, both by the Baermann-Moraes and Lutz methods. Thirty nine children (13% were found to be infected by S. stercoralis, 64.1% were boys and 35.9% were girls. Taking all the enteroparasites as a whole the results of the survey pointed out that 265 (88.4% of the 300 children were infected by the following: Giardia lamblia, 78.3%; Ascaris lumbricoides, 15.3%; S. stercoralis, 13%; Hymenolepis nana, 6.7%; hookworms, 6%; Enterobius vermicularis, 4%; Hymenole-pis diminuta, 4% and Trichuris trichiura, 0.7%. From 265 infected children 64.5% were mono-infected, 27.2% were infected by two parasites and 8.3% had a poly-specific parasite burden. It was concluded that strongyloidiasis is hyperendemic in this area

  14. Parasitism of stink bug eggs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae of soybean fields in the Triângulo Mineiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madelaine Venzon

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the seasonal occurrence of stink bug egg parasitoids was carried out in soybean fields in the Triângulo Mineiro region, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Collections of egg masses of stink bugs and monitoring of population levels of mobile stages were done weekly during the 1993/94 and 1994/95 soybean seasons. Piezodorus guildinii and Euschistus heros were the most abundant stink bugs throughout the survey. Rates of parasitism in P. guildinii eggs ranged from 50.2 to 77% in 1993/94 and from 31.3 to 44.1% in the 1994/95 soybean season. Parasitism in E. heros eggs ranged from 50.6 to 64.7 % in 1993/94 but no parasitized eggs were found in 1994/95. Telenomus podisi was the main parasitoid collected and the only species found to parasitize E. heros eggs. Trissolcus brochymenae and Ooencyrtus sp. were found attacking P. guildinii eggs, but at low levels. We discuss the contribution of egg parasitoids to natural control of stink bugs.

  15. Desempenho agronômico de cultivares de café resistentes à ferrugem no estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Mendonça de Carvalho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se no trabalho avaliar o comportamento de 24 cultivares de cafeeiro, sendo 22 resistentes à ferrugem e duas testemunhas suscetíveis, em diferentes ambientes de Minas Gerais, a fim de contribuir para a recomendação técnica. Os experimentos foram instalados em quatro municípios (Lavras, Campos Altos, Patrocínio e Turmalina. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados com três repetições, no espaçamento de 3,5x0,7 m e parcelas de dez plantas. As avaliações de produtividade, porcentagem de grãos classificados em peneira 16 acima e vigor vegetativo referem-se a quatro colheitas (2008 a 2012. Foram avaliadas, também, a adaptabilidade e estabilidade da produtividade das cultivares. As cultivares Sabiá Tardio, Pau Brasil MG1, Obatã IAC 1669-20, Catucaí Amarelo 24/137 e IPR 103 são promissoras para as referidas regiões cafeeiras. Essas cultivares aliam estabilidade e adaptabilidade independentemente do ambiente, com desempenho agronômico superior.

  16. Iron-containing pigment from an archaeological rupestrian painting of the Planalto Tradition in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Floresta, D. L., E-mail: denise.floresta@ifmg.edu.br [Instituto Federal Minas Gerais campus Santa Luzia (Brazil); Fagundes, M.; Fabris, J. D. [Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (Brazil); Ardisson, J. D. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (Brazil)

    2015-06-15

    Archaeological rupestrian arts of the Planalto Tradition are of relatively widespread occurrence all over the land area of the state of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. They are typically composed by monochromic zoomorphic figures, especially of cervids, mainly in red or orange color. A fragment of a rock wall containing an archaeological painting was collected at the Itanguá site, in the municipality of Senador Modestino Gonçalves (geographical coordinates, 17° 56′ 51″ S 43° 13′ 22″ W), MG. The rock piece was covered with an archaeological painting with pigments of two different hues of red. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis revealed only a slight difference in Fe and P content for the two different color zones. The pigment materials on this small fragment of rock were analyzed by X-ray diffraction on the conventional incidence mode (XRD) and on grazing incidence X-ray mode (GIXRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray detector (SEM/EDS) and conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (CEMS) at room temperature. Results indicated the occurrence of mainly hematite but also of diopside in the pigment. CEMS at RT reveal the presence of hematite and (super)paramagnetic ferric components. In order to confirm these results a small amount of powder from the painting pigments was also analyzed by transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy at 20 K.

  17. Parasite Community of Cichla kelberi (Perciformes, Cichlidae in the Três Marias Reservoir, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Daniele Santos-Clapp

    Full Text Available A total of 112 specimens of yellow peacock bass, Cichla kelberi, were collected in the Três Marias Reservoir, upper São Francisco River, State of Minas Gerais, between 2004 and 2005. Twelve species of parasites were collected: two species of ectoparasites (the monogenetic Gussevia sp. and the copepod Ergasilus sp.; and ten species of endoparasites, including four species of adult endoparasites: the cestodes Proteocephalus macrophallus and P. microscopicus, and the nematodes: Capillostrongyloides sentinosa and Rhabdochona acuminata, and six species of larval endoparasites: the metacercariae of Austrodiplostomum compactum and the nematodes: Hysterothylacium sp., Contracaecum sp. Type 1, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus inopinatus, Spiroxys sp., and Goezia sp.. A significant positive correlation in the abundance of the two adult endoparasites species, P. macrophallus and P. microscopicus, may indicate that such associated species had the same ecological requirements. The positive correlations between the prevalence of the larval endoparasites, Hysterothylacium sp. and A. compactum, may indicate that there was opportunism for the two generalists species. Ergasilus sp., C. sentinosa, R. acuminata and Hysterothylacium sp. were recorded for the first time in C. kelberi, and this increased their list of known hosts. In addition, both proteocephalid species and C. sentinosa can extend their known biogeographical distribution to the Três Marias Reservoir.

  18. A Study of a Geographical Cluster of Huntington's Disease in a Brazilian Town of Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostinho, Luciana de Andrade; da Silva, Iane Dos Santos; Maia, Lorena Agostini; Azevedo, Mariana de Almeida; Faria, Távia Muniz Ribeiro de Oliveira; Apolinario, Thays Andrade; Pereira, Simão Pedro; Reis, Rafael de Lima; Dos Santos, Suely Rodrigues; Paiva, Carmen Lúcia Antão

    2015-01-01

    Our aim was to investigate a geographical cluster of Huntington's disease (HD) in Ervalia, a Brazilian town of Minas Gerais state (MG). Therefore, we calculated the minimum prevalence of HD in Ervalia, known to have many HD affected families. We also determined the genetic profile of the polymorphic CAG region of the HTT gene in 32 subjects of these affected families. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed, starting in January 2011 until June 2013. Individuals who participated in the survey were all from Ervalia town, MG. The minimum prevalence rate found was 7.2/10,000 people, higher than the worldwide prevalence. The minimum prevalence of HD in Ervalia was at least 10.3- to 14.4-fold greater than that of the world population, although it does not represent the overall prevalence of the disease in Brazil. Certainly an expanded survey in the country will lead to a lower prevalence estimate than Ervalia's. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Leishmaniose visceral: estudo de flebotomíneos e infecção canina em Montes Claros, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monteiro Érika Michalsky

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A leishmaniose visceral no Brasil estava inicialmente associada a áreas rurais, mas devido às diversas alterações no ambiente como, desmatamentos, urbanização e intenso processo migratório, ocorreu a expansão das áreas endêmicas, levando à urbanização da doença, principalmente nas regiões Sudeste e Centro Oeste do país. No município de Montes Claros, situado ao norte de Minas Gerais, foi feito um estudo para verificação da situação da LV. No ano de 2002 foi realizado inquérito sorológico canino e no período de setembro de 2002 a agosto de 2003 foi feito levantamento entomológico, utilizando armadilhas luminosas de CDC. A prevalência da LV canina apresentou taxa média de infecção em torno de 5%. A fauna de flebotomíneos estimada foi de 16 espécies, totalizando 1043 exemplares. Lutzomyia longipalpis foi a espécie predominante com 74%, o que sugere a sua participação na transmissão de LV em Montes Claros.

  20. Plagioscion squamosissimus (Sciaenidae) and Parachromis managuensis (Cichlidae): a threat to native fishes of the Doce River in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Lucas C; Santos, Udson; Zanuncio, José C; Dergam, Jorge A

    2012-01-01

    The middle section of the lake basin of the Doce River in Minas Gerais State, Brazil is plagued by grave environmental problems, including the introduction of non-native fish, which reduces the biodiversity of this region. This study reports the presence of two newly-detected non-native species in the Doce River Basin. Sampling efforts included gill nets with mesh size of 3 to 12 mm (measured diagonally) and trawling nets, both of which were used in independent field campaigns in 2002 and 2011. The two new invasive Perciform fishes, Plagioscion squamosissimus (Heckel 1840) and Parachromis managuensis (Günther 1867) were collected in Caratinga and Rio Doce municipalities. These records and other reports on non-native fishes suggest favorable environmental conditions for the establishment of invasive species in this drainage. These invasive species have behavior and diet observed in other wide distribution exotic fish of Rio Doce Basin representing a threat to the 77 native fishes of this region, 37 of which are endangered.

  1. Composition and abundance of small mammal communities in forest fragments and vegetation corridors in Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa O. Mesquita

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Habitat fragmentation leads to isolation and reduce habitat areas, in addition to a series of negative effects on natural populations, affecting richness, abundance and distribution of animal species. In such a text, habitat corridors serve as an alternative for connectivity in fragmented landscapes, minimizing the effects of structural isolation of different habitat areas. This study evaluated the richness, composition and abundance of small mammal communities in forest fragments and in the relevant vegetation corridors that connect these fragments, located in Southern Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil. Ten sites were sampled (five forest fragments and five vegetation corridors using the capture-mark-recapture method, from April 2007-March 2008. A total sampling effort of 6 300 trapnights resulted in 656 captures of 249 individuals. Across the 10 sites sampled, 11 small mammal species were recorded. Multidimensional scaling (MDS ordinations and ANOSIM based on the composition of small mammal communities within the corridor and fragment revealed a qualitative difference between the two environments. Regarding abundance, there was no significant difference between corridors and fragments. In comparing mean values of abundance per species in each environment, only Cerradomys subflavus showed a significant difference, being more abundant in the corridor environment. Results suggest that the presence of several small mammal species in the corridor environment, in relatively high abundances, could indicate corridors use as habitat, though they might also facilitate and/or allow the movement of individuals using different habitat patches (fragments.

  2. Energy reserves of Artibeus lituratus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae in two areas with different degrees of conservation in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BES Melo

    Full Text Available Forest fragmentation associated with the expansion of human development is a phenomenon that occurs worldwide. Studies reveal that there have been both a decline in species diversity and a decrease in Neotropical bat population size because of habitat loss. The aim of this study was to investigate whether human action has been affecting the food availability to wildlife species, which could impact the storage of body energy reserves. For this purpose, fruit-eating bats (Artibeus lituratus were collected in two areas in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. The concentrations of plasma glucose, as well as glycogen, lipids and protein in liver in muscles were performed, in addition to adipose tissue weight and carcass fatty acids. Our results indicate that fat reserves were significantly lower in most tested tissues (muscle of the hindlimbs, breast muscles, adipose tissue and carcass in animals collected in the region with a higher degree of human disturbance. The other parameters showed no significant differences in the groups collected at different locations. In conclusion, we suggest that human action on the environment may be affecting the storage of body fat energy reserves of this species during the autumn, particularly in metropolitan region areas of Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil, requiring special attention to the species conservation.

  3. Ocorrência familiar de esplenomegalia esquistossomótica em uma área rural de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Conceição

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available Em um estudo sobre a morbidade da esquistossomose mansoni em área rural do Município de Itanhomi. Vale do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais, observou-se a ocorrência de esplenomegalia esquistossomótica em dois ou mais integrantes de 13 das 322 famílias estudadas. Pela análise estatística estimou-se que a probabilidade de ocorrerem 2 ou mais casos de esplenomegalia em indivíduos de uma mesma família da área pesquisada era acentuadamente pequena, considerando-se igual a 6 o número médio de integrantes das 13 famílias. Assim, é pouco provável que essa ocorrência tenha sido simples obra do acaso e esse estudo sugere a pesquisa de um ou mais fatores que possam interferir na predisposição familiar à esplenomegalia esquistossomótica.The observation of two or more severe cases among members of the same family deserves further studies and suggests that may be a genetical predisposition to spleen enlargement in schistosomiasis mansoni.

  4. Fructification phenology as an important tool in the recovery of iron mining areas in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LC. Garcia

    Full Text Available "Canga" is a name given to the ferruginous rocky fields that can be found in the "Quadrilátero Ferrífero" of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The endemism and species richness make them areas of special biological importance, regarded as high-priority for conservation. Nevertheless, they are being threatened by intense mining activity. Aiming to understand more about this flora, this study was performed in order to determine the maturation or dispersal period of the fruits of four Canga species, Alibertia vaccinioides K.Schum. (Rubiaceae, Coccoloba acrostichoides Cham. (Polygonaceae, Miconia sellowiana Naudin (Melastomataceae, and one probable new species of Calyptranthes Sw. (Myrtaceae. Although fruit maturation or dispersal tended to occur at the end of the dry season, some asynchrony was observed in these species, with food sources being available during most of the year. This shows that these species have the potential to attract animals the whole year round, and planting them for the recovery of iron mining areas may increase the community's self-regeneration capacity, leading to a more successful restoration process.

  5. OCCURRENCE OF PARASITIC DISEASES IN CHILDREN ASSISTED AT THE FAMILY HEALTH PROGRAM OF A VESPASIANO CITY DISTRICT, MINAS GERAIS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés E. S. Santo

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The greatest copro-parasitological researches were developed until the 70´s in Brazil. In despite of the intestinal parasites are very important, because constitutes a severe problem to public health, contributing to the aggravation of the social, economical and medical problems. Thus, the objective of this study was to verify the occurrence of the most frequent enteroparasites among children (0-10 years old, in the Health Family Program (PSF area situated in the district of Morro Alto in Vespasiano city, state of Minas Gerais,Brazil. It was analyzed 3250 handbook indexes of three PSF units. The general occurrence was 18.4% positive and some children have more than one parasite. The most founded enteroparasitos was Giardia lamblia (43%, Ascaris lumbricoides (34% and Entamoeba coli (13%. The 6 to 8 ages shows the highest incidence of children with parasites. The data collected to this project evidenced that Vespasiano-city doesn’t have related researches to parasites, justifying the importance of this study and its results offers subsidies for elaboration of municipal public health policies for childhood and youth. KEY WORDS: Parasitic Diseases; Child Health (Public Health; Family Health Program.

  6. Permanência e evasão na educação técnica de nível médio em Minas Gerais Persistence and dropout in the vocational education high school in Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemary Dore

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta algumas considerações sobre os múltiplos contextos de realização da pesquisa Educação profissional e evasão escolar em Minas Gerais. A investigação propõe, entre seus principais objetivos, identificar fatores que contribuem para a permanência ou evasão dos estudantes na educação profissional técnica de nível médio no Estado de Minas Gerais. Inicialmente, discutem-se algumas análises sobre as condições que favorecem a permanência ou evasão escolar. Em seguida, aborda-se o contexto da política educacional brasileira e a relação entre a educação básica e a educação técnica e profissional, destacando-se, também, a escassez de informações teóricas e empíricas sobre a questão. Para ilustrar o problema da evasão, mostram-se alguns dados empíricos relativos a um Programa de Educação Profissional em Minas Gerais, que são brevemente analisados. Finalmente, apresentam-se algumas conclusões preliminares.This article focuses on some considerations concerning the multiple contexts of carrying out the research Vocation education and school dropout in Minas Gerais. Amongst its main objectives, this inquiry tries to identify the factors that contribute to the student's persistence (continuation or dropout in vocational and technical education in the State of Minas Gerais. To begin with, it discusses some analysis of the conditions which favours student's persistence or dropout. Next is examined the context of Brazilian educational policies and the relationship between basic education and vocational education. It also points out the scarcity of theoretical and empirical information on the question. To illustrate the problem of the school dropout, it gives some empirical data related to a Program of Vocational Education in Minas Gerais, and briefly analyses them. Finally, it presents some preliminary conclusions.

  7. Freqüência de aglutininas anti-Leptospira interrogans em soros sangüíneos de bovinos, em Minas Gerais, de 1980 a 2002 Frequency of anti-Leptospira interrogans agglutinins in bovine serum samples in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1980 to 2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.E.M. Araújo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisados os resultados de exames de microaglutinação rápida, para pesquisa de aglutininas anti-Leptospira interrogans, em 39.012 soros sangüíneos de bovinos provenientes de 398 (47% municípios de Minas Gerais de 1980 a 2002. As sorovariedades mais freqüentes foram: hardjo (amostra Norma, 23,7%, hardjo (OMS, 19,7%, hardjo (hardjobovis, 13,8%, e wolffi, 13,2%. Os resultados mostraram relevância da hardjo como problema prioritário nas leptospiroses em bovinos em Minas Gerais. A baixa porcentagem de soros reagentes à pomona (2,8% e a mini (amostra Neguita (3,0% indica que essas sorovariedades devem ser consideradas para esclarecer casos clínicos em bovinos quando a hardjo (OMS, hardjo (Norma e hardjo (hardjobovis não forem detectadas nos testes sorológicos. As porcentagens de reagentes para as sorovariedades canicola e icterohaemorrhagiae foram inferiores a 1%. A infecção por Leptospira interrogans é endêmica em bovinos em Minas Gerais.Blood samples from 39,012 bovines were tested for microscopic agglutination through Leptospira interrogans. An overall of 398 (47% of Minas Gerais State's municipalities from 1980 to 2002 composed the sample. The most frequent serovars were hardjo (Norma sample, 23.7%, followed by hardjo (OMS sample, 19.7%, hardjo (hardjobovis sample, 13.8%, and wolffi, 13.2% of positivity. The results showed the importante of hardjo serovars as a major cattle health problem in Minas Gerais. The low rates of the seropositivity for Pomona, 2.8%, and mini (Neguita sample, 3.0%, are an indicative which these serovars should be considered as an explanation of clinical cases in cattle when the absence of reaction for hardjo (Norma sample, hardjo (OMS sample and hardjo (hardjobovis sample. The reaction rates for canicola and icterohaemorrhagiae serovars were below 1.0%. The bovine infection for Leptospira interrogans is endemic in the State of Minas Gerais.

  8. Avaliação de cultivares de alfafa na Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais Evaluation of alfalfa cultivars in the region of Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José da Silva Lédo

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se este trabalho com o objetivo de avaliar e selecionar cultivares de alfafa (Medicago sativa L. mais adaptadas às condições edafoclimáticas da Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais. O ensaio foi conduzido no campo experimental da Embrapa Gado de Leite, em Coronel Pacheco-MG, no delineamento experimental de blocos casualizados com duas repetições. Foram avaliadas 59 cultivares no período de 31/8/1999 a 10/12/2001, realizando-se 16 cortes de avaliação. Avaliaram-se a produção de matéria seca (PMS, altura da planta (AP, vigor (VG, porcentagem de floração (FLO, relação folha/caule (RFC, e incidência de doenças (ID e pragas (IP. Para PMS, AP, VG, FLO e ID, observaram-se diferenças significativas entre as cultivares. As cultivares P-30, Crioula C-1, Crioula C-3 e Crioula C-2 foram as que apresentaram maiores PMS (13,17; 13,13; 13,00 e 12,48 t/ha/ano, respectivamente. As cultivares apresentaram maior FLO (18,98% e AP (54,13 cm nos cortes realizados no período de verão, quando comparado com os de inverno (6,11% e 46,60 cm, respectivamente. Com base nos resultados obtidos, foram selecionadas as cultivares P-30, Crioula C-1, Crioula C-3 e Crioula C-2.The objective of this experiment was to evaluate and select the alfalfa cultivars (Medicago sativa L. best adapted to the climate and soil of Zona da Mata, in Minas Gerais, Brazil. The trial was carried out at Embrapa Gado de Leite, in the experiment station located in Coronel Pacheco, MG, using a randomized complete block design with two replications. Fifty-nine cultivars studied between Sept. 9, 1999 and Dec. 10, 2001 were submitted to 16 evaluating cuts. Dry matter production (DMP, plant height (PH, vigor (VG, flowering percent (FLO, leaf/stem ratio (RFC and disease (D and pests (P occurrence were observed. There were significant differences among cultivars regarding to DMP, PH, VG, FLO and D. Cultivars P-30, Crioula C-3 and Crioula C-2 showed the highest DMP (13,17; 13,13; 13,00 e 12

  9. Composição e solubilidade in vitro de calcários calcíticos de Minas Gerais Composition and in vitro solubility of Minas Gerais limestones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Édison José Fassani

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido no Laboratório de Pesquisa Animal do Departamento de Zootecnia da Universidade Federal de Lavras - UFLA, em Lavras - MG, Brasil, com objetivo de avaliar as características físico-químicas de calcários calcíticos utilizados na alimentação de poedeiras. Foi utilizado um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 4x5, sendo 4 calcários calcíticos extraídos em diferentes regiões de Minas Gerais (Ijaci, Barroso, Iguatama e Formiga em 5 granulometrias padronizadas (0,15-0,30; 0,30-0,60; 0,60-1,20; 1,20-2,00 e 2,00-4,00 mm, totalizando 20 tratamentos, com 8 repetições. Os calcários foram encaminhados ao laboratório, onde se determinaram a composição mineral e a solubilidade in vitro determinada pelo método da perda de peso. Pela análise mineral dos calcários inferiram-se algumas diferenças numéricas, principalmente em elementos como ferro e manganês, além de detectar a presença de zinco e cobre em menor quantidade. Houve interação (PThe experiment was carried out at the Animal Research Laboratory the Department of Animal Science of the Federal University of Lavras - UFLA, in Lavras - MG, Brazil, with objective of evaluating the physical-chemistries characteristics of limestones used in the laying hens feeding. The experimental design was completely randomized in a 4x5 factorial arrangement, being four limestones extracted in different areas of Minas Gerais (Ijaci, Barroso, Iguatama and Formiga in five particle size standardized (0.15-0.30, 0.30-0.60, 0.60-1.20, 1.20-2.00 and 2.00-4.00 mm, amounting twenty treatments, with eight replications. The limestones were directed to the laboratory where was determined the mineral composition and the in vitro solubility, certain for the method of the weight loss. The mineral analysis of the limestones, indicated some numerical differences mainly in elements as iron and manganese, besides detecting the presence of zinc and copper in smaller

  10. Consumo de Álcool e Outras Drogas em uma Faculdade de Medicina do Sul de Minas Gerais / Consumption of Alcohol and Other Drugs in a Medical School in Southern Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Gelvane Tostes

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Traçar o perfil e estabelecer a prevalência do consumo álcool e/ou outras drogas entre os estudantes de uma faculdade de medicina do Sul de Minas Gerais. Materiais e Métodos: Os dados foram coletados com 419 alunos matriculados na faculdade no ano de 2013, a partir de questionário anônimo, o qual apresentou variáveis de idade, sexo, série do curso, uso de bebida alcoólica e drogas, frequência no ultimo mês (Julho/2013. Resultados: Constatou-se que 99% dos estudantes entrevistados já fizeram uso de bebida alcoólica ao menos uma vez na vida, sendo que 73% relataram que o ingresso na faculdade aumentou o consumo. Observou-se que o consumo é maior entre o sexo masculino. Quanto ao uso de outras drogas, 43,6% dos entrevistados relataram que fizeram uso ao menos uma vez na vida. No último mês (Julho/2013, 87,6% consumiram álcool, 23,4% tabaco, 13,4% maconha, 6,9% estimulantes, 6,2% tranquilizantes, 5,5% inalantes, 4,8% alucinógenos, 1,7% cocaína /crack, 0,2% opiácios. Conclusão: Os dados mostram que estudantes de medicina desta faculdade tendem a consumir drogas até duas vezes mais do que população em geral, A droga mais usada continua sendo o álcool, mas há consumo expressivo de outras substâncias como a maconha e cocaína. Objective: To describe a profile and establish the prevalence of alcohol consumption and / or other drugs among students of a medical school in southern Minas Gerais. Materials and Methods: Data were collected with 419 students enrolled in college in 2013 , from anonymous questionnaire , which presented variables of age, sex, year in the course, use of alcohol and drugs, frequency in the last month (July / 2013. Results: 99% of surveyed students were found to have already made use of alcohol at least once in their lifetime, and 73% reported entrance in college increased consumption. Higher consumption was observed among males. Regarding use of other drugs, 43.6% of the respondents have used

  11. Principais causas de óbitos infantis pós-neonatais em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1996 a 2004 Leading causes of post-neonatal infant deaths in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1996 to 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cherem Alves

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: analisar a evolução das principais causas de mortes infantis pós-neonatais em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, entre 1996 e 2004. MÉTODOS: as causas de morte foram agrupadas pelos capítulos e por lista condensada da Classificação Estatística Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados à Saúde, 10ª revisão - (CID-10. As diarréias, pneumonias, desnutrição e septicemia foram analisadas como grupamento específico de causas evitáveis. Taxas e mortalidade proporcional por causa foram calculadas para períodos trienais. RESULTADOS: foram registrados 2010 óbitos pós-neonatais no período, com tendência decrescente. A taxa de mortalidade infantil passou de 26,6 para 13,3/1000 nascidos vivos (NV, e a pós-neonatal de 8,6 para 4,3/1000 NV de 1996 a 2004, com maior redução nas taxas por doenças respiratórias e doenças infecciosas. Apesar do decréscimo, o grupamento diarréia-pneumonia-desnutrição-septicemia ainda foi responsável por cerca de um quarto dos óbitos em 2002-2004. As malformações congênitas passaram a representar a principal causa de morte pós-neonatal no último triênio e, juntamente com as afecções perinatais, representaram 34% dos óbitos. Observou-se ainda aumento da proporção de óbitos por causas mal definidas e por causas externas. CONCLUSÕES: foram observadas mudanças importantes do perfil de causas de mortalidade pós-neonatal em Belo Horizonte, com aumento da participação das malformações congênitas e afecções perinatais. Esse aumento provavelmente se deveu ao deslocamento de óbitos neonatais para o período pós-neonatal.OBJECTIVES: to analyze the evolution of the leading causes of post-neonatal mortality by underlying cause of death in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Brazil, between 1996 and 2004. METHODS: causes of death were grouped according to the chapters of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th

  12. Mutações predisponentes à trombofilia em indivíduos de Minas Gerais - Brasil com suspeita clínica de trombose Predisposing thrombophilic mutations in individuals with clinical suspicion of thrombosis from Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina P. Guimarães

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A trombose é reconhecidamente uma doença de caráter multifatorial. Sua ocorrência está intimamente relacionada à presença de fatores genéticos e adquiridos que concorrem isoladamente ou em associação para o seu desencadeamento. No entanto, a frequência dos fatores genéticos pode variar de acordo com a origem étnica e com outros aspectos epidemiológicos dos grupos de indivíduos e populações estudadas. No Brasil, dados referentes a indivíduos brasileiros e em especial do estado de Minas Gerais são escassos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a frequência das mutações fator V Leiden e G20210A no gene protrombina em 1.103 indivíduos com suspeita clínica de trombofilia, empregando a técnica da reação em cadeia da polimerase seguida de restrição enzimática (PCR-RFLP. Os dados foram analisados usando-se o programa Epi Info versão 6.04. A amostra consistiu de 76,16% mulheres e 23,84% homens, com média de idade de 43,06± 14,65. A mutação fator V Leiden foi observada em heterozigose em 7,52% dos indivíduos e em 0,36% em homozigose. A mutação G20210A no gene da protrombina apresentou-se em heterozigose em 5,90% dos indivíduos e em homozigose em 0,18%. O presente trabalho mostra a importância dos testes genéticos conforme o perfil da população analisada, ressaltando informações epidemiológicas da população brasileira e benefícios clínicos.Thrombosis is known to be a multifactorial disease. Its incidence is directly related to the presence of genetic and acquired factors that concur separately or in association to its appearance. However, the frequency of genetic factors can vary according to ethnic background and with other epidemiological aspects of populations. Data from Brazilian individuals and especially those from the State of Minas Gerais are scarce. The present study aims at investigating the frequencies of the factor v Leiden and the G20210G prothrombin gene mutations of 1103 individuals

  13. Insetos indutores de galhas da porção sul da Cadeia do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brasil Gall inducing insects from southern portion of the Espinhaço Range, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio A. Carneiro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A riqueza de insetos galhadores é maior nas latitudes intermediárias em hábitats quentes e com vegetação esclerófila sob estresse hídrico e de nutrientes. Em regiões tropicais, os campos rupestres são indicados como hábitats ricos em espécies de insetos galhadores. Neste trabalho, foram descritas as galhas induzidas por insetos e suas plantas hospedeiras na porção sul da Cadeia do Espinhaço, sudeste do Brasil. Foram selecionados 60 sítios em seis regiões ao longo na porção sul da Cadeia do Espinhaço no estado de Minas Gerais. Em cada sítio 100 plantas foram amostradas totalizando 6.000 plantas censuradas ao longo de um gradiente altitudinal de 668 a 1860m. Foram encontrados 241 morfotipos de galhas em 142 espécies de plantas distribuídas em 29 famílias e de um total de 384 espécies de plantas amostradas. As famílias mais ricas em espécies de insetos galhadores foram Asteraceae (42%, principalmente espécies do gênero Baccharis. A maior parte das galhas (85% foi induzida por insetos da família Cecidomyiidae seguidos por Lepidoptera (4% e Homoptera (3%. Os ramos foram os órgãos mais freqüentemente atacados (72% enquanto que os morfotipos mais comuns foram o elíptico (37% e o globóide (36%. A espécie de planta hospedeira que apresentou mais morfotipos de galhas foi Baccharis pseudomyriocephala com 10 galhas distintas. Este estudo sustenta a afirmativa que campos rupestres apresentam uma elevada riqueza em espécies de insetos galhadores.Galling species richness is higher at intermediate latitudes on warm habitats and sclerophyllous vegetation under water and nutrient stress. In the tropical region, galling species richness is higher in rupestrian fields. Here the gall-inducing insects and their host plants of the southern portion of the Espinhaço range, southeastern Brazil are described. 60 study sites from six distinct regions along the Espinhaço range, at Minas Gerais state were selected. In each study site 100

  14. Métodos para estimar radiação solar na região noroeste de Minas Gerais Methods for estimating solar radiation in the northwest region of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdiney José da Silva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A radiação solar é um dos elementos responsáveis pela manutenção da vida no planeta. Apesar da sua importância, o registro da radiação solar não é feito na maioria das estações meteorológicas convencionais, uma vez que nem todas dispõem de equipamentos para medi-la, tendo que recorrer a métodos de estimação empíricos. Com o intuito de testar e calibrar equações para estimar a radiação solar, foram coletados dados de quatro estações meteorológicas pertencentes ao Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET para representar a região climática noroeste de Minas Gerais, no período de 2008 a 2010. Com base nesses dados, foram testados e calibrados nove modelos para estimar a radiação solar global. Todos os modelos utilizam temperatura máxima e mínima do ar como preditores e dois deles utilizam também a precipitação pluviométrica. Os modelos mais precisos foram de De Jong e Stewart, Bristow e Campbell, Donatelli e Campbell e o modelo dois de Hunt, com raiz quadrada do quadrado médio do erro em torno de 3,1MJ m-2 d-1 e coeficiente de determinação em torno de 62%. No entanto, todos esses modelos apresentaram tendência de superestimação para valores de radiação inferiores à média e subestimação para valores superiores. Portanto, há necessidade de propor novos modelos que minimizem essa tendência.Solar radiation is a component responsible for maintaining the life on the planet. Despite its importance, solar radiation is not recorded in most conventional meteorological station since not all have equipments to measure it, and then, it is usual to use empirical solar radiation estimation methods. In order to test and calibrate models for estimating solar radiation data were collected from four meteorological stations belonging to the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET to represent the climatic region northwest of Minas Gerais for the period from 2008 to 2010. Based on these data, nine models to estimate

  15. Neospora caninum in bovine fetuses of Minas Gerais, Brazil: genetic characteristics of rDNA Neospora caninum em fetos bovinos de Minas Gerais, Brasil: características genéticas do rDNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingos Sávio dos Santos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Neosporosis is an important cause of abortion in cattle and information on their genetics and host parasite relationships are desirable. Neospora caninum samples obtained from 24 bovine fetuses from Minas Gerais, were genetically analyzed in part of the rDNA region, coding for rRNAs. Previously, brain, heart, liver, skeletal muscle, lung, kidney, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, ovary or testis, uterus and skin of the ear were analyzed by conventional histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Of these, eight had lesions compatible in the brain and heart and two also in skeletal muscle and liver. Three brains showed antigen identification in immunohistochemistry. Brain and heart tissues were subjected to DNA extraction for PCR, whose product of 588 bp of ITS-1 region was sequenced in three samples. We obtained 96% similarity with dozens of sequences N. caninum deposited in GenBank. The phylogenetic tree showed great conservation among isolates of N. caninum in this study and those deposited in GenBank, while well-defined and specific branches were generated against other Apicomplexa. PCR for this region is useful as a diagnosis, with good analytical specificity, but the ITS-1 region is not suitable for genetic differentiation intra species because the sequences obtained were identical to the others analyzed.A neosporose é uma importante causa de abortos em bovinos, e informações sobre sua genética e relação parasito-hospedeiro são desejáveis. Amostras de Neospora caninum, obtidas de 24 conceptos bovinos oriundos de Minas Gerais, foram analisadas geneticamente em parte da região rDNA, codificadora de rRNAs. Previamente, cérebro, coração, fígado, músculo esquelético, pulmão, rim, baço, timo, linfonodos, ovário ou testículo, útero e pele da orelha foram analisados por histopatologia convencional e imuno-histoquímica. Dessas, oito apresentaram lesões compatíveis no encéfalo e coração e dois também no músculo esquelético e f

  16. Perceptions and attitudes among milk producers in Minas Gerais regarding cattle tick biology and control Percepções e atitudes entre produtores de leite em Minas Gerais relacionado a biologia e controle de carrapatos em bovinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alice Zacarias do Amaral

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates milk producers' knowledge regarding cattle ticks and practices for controlling them. Ninety-three dairymen in Minas Gerais were interviewed. These producers had no information regarding acaricide efficiency tests. To analyze the information, open responses were categorized through "content analysis", and descriptive analysis consisting of extracting the profile highlighted by the highest frequencies. The association between schooling level and knowledge was tested by means of chi-square trend tests. It was observed that 92.3% had no knowledge of the non-parasitic period. For 96.4%, what determined the time to apply treatment was the degree of tick infestation; 93.3% used spray guns to apply the acaricide. In seeking to cross-correlate the biological and control variables with education, cooperative action, length of experience and herd size, it was found that there was a linear association between schooling level and implementation of acaricide solution preparation. The other factors didn't show any significant association. These data demonstrated the need to instruct the producers in relation to the biology and control of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus. It was concluded that the majority of milk producers were unaware of cattle tick biology and the factors that influence choosing an acaricide, which makes it difficult to implement strategic control.Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o conhecimento dos produtores de leite sobre o carrapato dos bovinos e seu controle. Foram entrevistados 93 produtores de leite de Minas Gerais. Estes produtores não tinham informação sobre testes de eficiência de carrapaticidas e controle de carrapatos. Foi testada associação entre a escolaridade e as práticas e conhecimento sobre os carrapatos e constatou-se que 92,3% dos produtores nada sabiam sobre o período não-parasitário. Para 96,4%, o que determinava o momento do tratamento era o grau de infestação de carrapatos; e 93

  17. Prevalência do consumo de álcool, tabaco e entorpecentes por estudantes de medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and psychotropic drug consumption by medical students of the "Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Petroianu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência do consumo de álcool, tabaco e entorpecentes por estudantes da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais e determinar fatores relacionados a esse consumo. MÉTODOS: Este trabalho foi realizado com estudantes de todos os anos do curso de Medicina, convidados a participar, de forma anônima, respondendo a um questionário autoaplicável, que foi previamente avaliado e adequado à realidade brasileira. Esse questionário foi estruturado com base no World Health Organization's Guidelines for Student Substance Use Survey e consistiu de 25 perguntas relacionadas ao uso de drogas. A comparação das médias foi por teste T de Student e as proporções foram avaliadas usando o teste Qui quadrado. RESULTADOS: Contato com bebidas alcoólicas ocorreu em 85,2% e com tabaco em 16,3% dos entrevistados. Dentre as drogas entorpecentes, a maconha foi consumida por 16,5%, LSD por 6,9%, ansiolíticos por 12%, estimulantes por 7,5% e solventes por 16,8% dos estudantes. Foi raro o consumo de cocaína, crack, opioides, xaropes ou anabolizantes. CONCLUSÃO: A droga mais consumida foi o álcool. Seu uso relacionou-se com o consumo de outras substâncias, sendo que a adesão a drogas ocorreu mais em estudantes solteiros, do sexo masculino, que moram longe da família e não dependem de si para seu sustento ou o de sua família.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and psychotropic drug consumption by students of the Medical School of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to verify aspects related to those addictions. METHODS: This study was carried out with students of all years of the medical course invited to participate anonymously, by answering a self-applied questionnaire which was previously evaluated and adapted to Brazilian reality. It was based upon the World Health Organization's Guidelines for Student Substance Use Survey and included 25

  18. Uso não Prescrito de Metilfenidato entre Estudantes de uma Faculdade de Medicina do Sul de Minas Gerais / Non-Medical use of Methylphenidate among Students of a Medical School in the Southern of Minas Gerais State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Clara Mauad Coli

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar dentre acadêmicos de uma Faculdade de Medicina no Sul de Minas Gerais, usuários do metilfenidato, os principais motivos de utilização deste fármaco, as formas de aquisição e os possíveis efeitos colaterais. Materiais e Métodos: O estudo é descritivo e transversal e para a coleta de dados foi utilizado um questionário fechado, de caráter anônimo e de autopreenchimento, aplicado entre os meses de agosto e dezembro de 2015. Foram incluídos ao acaso 120 alunos dos 6 anos do curso médico. Resultados: Entre os participantes, 70 (58,33% eram do sexo feminino e 50 (41,67% eram do sexo masculino e a média de idade foi de 22,27 anos. Foi encontrada uma prevalência de 25% para o uso não prescrito de metilfenidato, com maior proporção de uso no sexo masculino. O aumento da concentração em época de provas foi citado como propósito de uso por 76,67% do total de pessoas que fazem uso indiscriminado. Além disso, 66,67% afirmaram ter tido o primeiro contato com a substância na faculdade e 60% obtiveram a droga por meio de doação de amigos. Os principais efeitos colaterais citados foram: ansiedade, insônia, euforia, taquicardia, redução de apetite, irritabilidade, cefaleia e tremores. Conclusão: O presente estudo evidencia uma elevada prevalência do uso não prescrito de metilfenidato, por acadêmicos de Medicina. Objective: Identify among the academic students, users of methylphenidate in a medical school in the southern Minas Gerais, the main reasons for the use, the access and the possible side effects. Materials and Methods: The study is a cross-sectional, quantitative and descriptive study among 120 students of six series of the medical school. The instrument used for gathering data was an anonymous self-filling questionnaire, applied between August and December 2015. Results: Among the participants, 70 (58.33% were female and 50 (41.67% were male and the average age was 22, 27 years. A prevalence of 25

  19. Sociocultural aspects of schistosomiasis mansoni in an endemic area in Minas Gerais, Brazil Aspectos sócio-culturais da esquistossomose mansoni em área endêmica de Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Gazzinelli

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available A study to determine the sociocultural factors influencing knowledge, attitudes, and practices of individuals from a small community toward Schistosoma mansoni infection was carried out in an endemic area in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The study used qualitative approaches to collect data from school-aged children and teachers. Specific findings were that the individuals interviewed were aware of the disease, but also held inaccurate popular beliefs about transmission. Misconceptions coexisted with accurate knowledge both in children and teachers. The disease was not seen as a major health problem and did not affect their activities since it did not cause severe symptoms in most of the individuals. Although the majority of the participants related transmission to water and lack of sanitation, they did not take any preventive measures since their subsistence is highly dependent on irrigation, farming, fishing, and other essential work that is directly related to water activities. The authors discuss the development of a health education program based on the knowledge and perception of individuals about the disease and its determinants as being important for the context and behavioral change.Este estudo foi realizado em área endêmica do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, com o objetivo de determinar os fatores sócio-culturais que influenciam o conhecimento, as atitudes e práticas dos indivíduos da comunidade em relação a esquistossomose mansoni. Os resultados mostraram que tanto crianças quanto professores conhecem a doença e possuem concepções corretas e incorretas sobre a transmissão. A doença não é vista como um problema importante de saúde pública e não afeta as atividades pelo fato de não causar sintomas graves na maior parte da população. Apesar da maioria dos entrevistados relacionar a transmissão da doença à água e falta de saneamento básico, não utiliza nenhuma medida preventiva para evitar a infec

  20. Perceptions of milk producers from Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, regarding Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus control Percepção dos produtores de leite de Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, sobre o controle de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães da Rocha

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Semi-systematized interviews were conducted with 100 dairy cattle producers in the municipality of Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, with the aim of ascertaining their perceptions regarding the importance of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus and of combating it. Content analysis was performed and the frequency distribution of each of the variables was used to construct profiles of the producers interviewed. The production losses caused by ticks were perceived incompletely by the producers, who were unaware of the pathogen transmission caused by the parasite and the indirect losses through combating it, such as the cost of acaricide and labor. The combat operations were performed in a traditional manner, with an excessive number of inefficient treatments that aimed to control the level of infestation at that moment. The quality of the acaricide dipping/spraying applied was affected by the quality of the equipment used to apply the products, lack of knowledge of the mode of action of these products, lack of the specific information needed and lack of motivation caused by unawareness of the disadvantages of chemical combat. It was concluded that the lack of knowledge about combat methods and the acceptance of endemicity of the parasitosis were impediments to changing the realities encountered.Entrevistas semissistematizadas foram aplicadas a 100 produtores de bovinos leiteiros do município de Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, com o objetivo de verificar a sua percepção sobre a importância de Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus e seu combate. Foi feita "análise de conteúdo" e a distribuição de frequência de cada uma das variáveis para a construção de perfis dos produtores entrevistados. Os prejuízos causados à produção pelo carrapato são percebidos de forma incompleta pelos produtores, que ignoram a transmissão de patógenos pelo parasito e as perdas indiretas pelo combate, como o custo do carrapaticida e da mão de obra. O combate era feito

  1. Composição e qualidade de pólen apícola coletado em Minas Gerais Nutritional composition and quality of bee pollen collected in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Frida Hatsue Modro

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência das composições florísticas locais sobre a qualidade do pólen apícola, em dois apiários de Minas Gerais. Em cada apiário, foram instaladas cinco colméias de Apis mellifera (L.. A flora polinífera foi identificada nas proximidades dos apiários. As bolotas de pólen foram coletadas de agosto a dezembro de 2005. A análise melissopalinológica foi realizada pelo método padrão europeu. Foram realizadas análises nutricionais do pólen relativas à porcentagem de matéria seca, orgânica e mineral, à proteína bruta, ao extrato etéreo e aos carboidratos totais. Foi realizada correlação de Spearman entre os componentes nutricionais e os tipos polínicos ocorrentes. No apiário UFV, a flora polinífera predominante apresentou espécies ornamentais com hábito arbóreo, e no apiário Mesmel predominaram as espécies da pastagem abandonada com hábito herbáceo. A composição nutricional do pólen coletado não apresentou correlação com a diversidade de tipos polínicos, mas apresentou correlação com a predominância de tipos polínicos específicos. As diferentes composições florísticas influenciam na qualidade do pólen apícola, e a coleta em diversas fontes de alimento, pelas abelhas, é importante para a obtenção de uma dieta mais equilibrada.The objective of this work was to assess the influence of the local floral composition on the quality of apicultural pollen collected in two apiaries, in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Five hives of Apis mellifera (L. were installed in each apiary. The polliniferous flora in the proximity of the apiaries was identified. The pollen loads were collected from August to December, 2005. The melissopalinological analysis was carried out following the standard European method. Nutritional analyses of pollen were performed related to percentages of dry, organic and mineral matter; to raw protein; to ether extract; and to total carbohydrates

  2. Ticks on birds in a savanna (Cerrado reserve on the outskirts of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil Carrapatos em aves de uma reserva do Cerrado na periferia de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamile de Oliveira Pascoal

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We report tick infestations on birds, in the environment and on domestic animals in a non-forested phytophysiognomy, the savanna-like Cerrado sensu stricto, in a natural reserve on the outskirts of the urban area of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Overall, 238 birds within 50 species, 15 families and six orders were caught. Passeriformes were the most numerous, with 216 birds (90.75%, among which 22 had ticks (n = 31. Within this order, the prevalence of tick infestation was 10.2%, and the abundance and mean intensity were 0.14 and 1.41, respectively. Only immature ticks of the species Amblyomma nodosum were found on the birds. The tick species found both on animals (Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus, Amblyomma cajennense and Dermacentor nitens and in the environment (Amblyomma dubitatum, Rhipicephalus (B. microplus and Amblyomma cajennense were as expected. This difference in tick species between the environment and birds possibly occurred because the sampling of the environment was limited to the ground. This study also highlights the importance of the diverse microenvironments used by ticks and hosts in the same area and the complex ecology of bird-tick relationships. Ecological and epidemiological aspects of the findings are discussed.Nesse trabalho relatam-se infestações de carrapatos em aves, meio ambiente e em animais domésticos em uma fitofisionomia não florestal, o Cerrado stricto sensu, de uma reserva natural na periferia da área urbana de Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Para tal, 238 aves de 50 espécies foram capturadas, pertencentes a 15 famílias e seis ordens. Passeriforme foi a mais numerosa, com 216 indivíduos (90,75%, dos quais 22 estavam parasitados com 31 carrapatos. Nos Passeriformes a prevalência de infestação de carrapatos foi de 10,2%, a abundância e intensidade média foi de 0,14 e 1,41, respectivamente. Apenas carrapatos imaturos da espécie Amblyomma nodosum foram encontrados

  3. Enteroparasites and commensals among children in four peripheral districts of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais Enteroparasitas e comensais em crianças de quatro bairros da periferia de Uberlândia, Estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleuza Rodrigues Machado

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of intestinal parasites and commensals among children in four peripheral districts located in the northern, southern, eastern and western sectors of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, using the Baermann methods as modified by Moraes and Lutz. Out of 160 individuals studied, 93 (58.1% CI: 50.4-65.7 were infected, distributed among the sectors as follows: northern (72.5%, southern (47.5%, eastern (57.5% and western (55%. The positive findings according to age groups were: 0-5 years (26.9%, 5-10 years (21.2% and 10-15 years (10%. Male children presented 2.7 times higher risk of infection than females did (OR: 2.7; CI: 1052-7001. The parasites and commensals identified were: Giardia lamblia (27.5%, Entamoeba coli (20.6%, Ascaris lumbricoides (14.4%, Enterobius vermicularis (8.8%, Hymenolepis nana (7.5%, Hymenolepis diminuta (5%, hookworms (3.1%, Trichuris trichiura (2.5%, Endolimax nana (2.5%, Entamoeba hartmanni (2.5%, Strongyloides stercoralis (1.3%, Iodamoeba butschlii (1.3% and Capillaria hepatica (0.6%. The infection rate in these children was high and showed the need to implement prophylactic education programs in the community.O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a ocorrência de parasitas e comensais intestinais em crianças de quatro bairros periféricos, localizados nos setores norte, sul, leste e oeste em Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, utilizando os métodos de Baermann modificado por Moraes, e de Lutz. Dos 160 indivíduos estudados, 93 (58,1%, IC: 50,4-65,7 estavam infectados, assim distribuídos: setor norte (72,5%, sul (47,5%, leste (57,5% e oeste (55%. A positividade por faixa etária foi: 0 - 5 anos (26,9%, 5 - 10 (21,2% e 10 - 15 anos (10%. As crianças do sexo masculino mostraram 2,7 maior risco de infecção (OR: 2,7, IC: 1052-7001. Os agentes identificados foram: Giardia lamblia (27,5%, Entamoeba coli (20,6%, Ascaris lumbricoides (14,4%, Enterobius vermicularis (8,8%, Hymenolepis nana

  4. Estudo sobre a ocorrência de surtos alimentares em uma região do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais | Study on the occurrence of food outbreaks in a region of the Jequitinhonha Valley, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júnia Mariana Rodrigues dos Santos

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A ocorrência de Doenças de Transmissão Hídrica e Alimentar é uma preocupação mundial na Saúde Pública. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar a ocorrência dos surtos alimentares em uma região do Vale do Jequitinhonha em Minas Gerais, entre os anos de 2008 a 2014, antes e após a intervenção do PET-Saúde/Vigilância em Saúde. Método: Os dados foram retirados de relatórios impressos e de fichas de notificações disponíveis nos sistemas de informação. Resultados: Foram investigados 76 surtos, destes, apenas 34,1% notificados oportunamente. As ações realizadas pela equipe PET-Saúde/Vigilância em Saúde entre 2010 e 2012 impactaram, positivamente, no aumento do número de notificações de surtos alimentares. A maioria destes surtos ocorreu em residências (47,4%, atingiu indivíduos adultos (30,4% e apresentou como manifestações clínicas: diarreia (29,5%, vômitos (23,5% e dores abdominais (16,3%. Na análise das notificações, 81,6% não apresentavam o fator causal e apenas 31,0% informaram o agente etiológico. Conclusões: A intervenção do PET-Saúde/Vigilância em Saúde representou um fator importante no fortalecimento da vigilância de surtos alimentares na região do Vale do Jequitinhonha estudada, contudo persistem dificuldades relacionadas a notificação tardia, a presença de falhas e de lacunas no registro dos dados e o baixo número de coletas clínicas e bromatológicas. ======================================== Introduction: The occurrence of water and food transmission diseases is a worldwide concern in Public Health. Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize the occurrence of food outbreaks in a region of the Jequitinhonha Valley in the State of Minas Gerais between 2008 and 2014, before and after the intervention of the PET-Health/Surveillance in Health. Method: Data were taken from printed reports and information sheets available in information systems

  5. Ocorrência de pneumonia associada à infecção por Mannheimia haemolytica em ovinos de Minas Gerais Occurrence of pneumonia associated to infection by Mannheimia haemolytica in sheep of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Rios de Araújo

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho descreve um surto de pneumonia em ovinos em uma propriedade na região central de Minas Gerais. Clinicamente os animais apresentavam apatia, mostravam dificuldade respiratória durante dois ou três dias ou morriam subitamente. À necropsia as alterações pulmonares eram similares em todos os ovinos. Havia consolidação dos lobos craniais e da parte ventral dos lobos caudais e ao corte fluía exsudato mucopurulento da traquéia e dos brônquios. No parênquima dos lobos craniais havia áreas brancas multifocais a coalescentes com 0,2-0,5cm de diâmetro, levemente proeminentes e intercaladas por áreas vermelho-escuras. Pleurite fibrinosa foi observada nos Ovinos 1, 2 e 3. As lesões de consolidação ocupavam cerca de 70-80% da extensão pulmonar. Microscopicamente, as alterações eram de broncopneumonia fibrinopurulenta com intensa hiperemia, áreas com hemorragia intra-alveolar e espessamento dos septos interlobulares por inúmeros neutrófilos, restos celulares e intensa exsudação de fibrina. Áreas multifocais com necrose de liquefação contendo numerosas colônias bacterianas foram observadas no Ovino 3. Nos lobos craniais dos Ovinos 1, 2 e 3, haviam áreas com neutrófilos degenerados formando aglomerados de células alongadas com formato de "grãos de aveia" associados a colônias bacterianas. As alterações histológicas foram características de pneumonia causada por Mannheimia (M. haemolytica. Amostras dos lobos craniais de todos os ovinos foram encaminhadas para cultivo bacteriológico e M. haemolytica foi isolada e identificada em todos os animais. Este é o primeiro relato correlacionando os achados patológicos e o isolamento de M. haemolytica como causa de broncopneumonia em ovinos no Brasil.This paper describes an outbreak of pneumonia in a sheep herd in the central region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Clinically, the animals presented apathy, exhibited respiratory difficulty during 2 to 3 days or sudden death. The

  6. Dados Clínicos dos Pacientes Cadastrados no Programa HiperDia, Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brasil/Clinical Data of Patients Registered HiperDia Program, Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéssica Ribeiro Alves

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: O objetivo do trabalho foi identificar os dados clínicos dos pacientes cadastrados no HiperDia, verificar a prevalência de doenças associadas e a ocorrência de fatores de riscos, de modo a traçar o perfil epidemiológico dos usuários do HiperDia na cidade de Itajubá, Minas Gerais. Materiais e Métodos: Utilizou-se como instrumento de pesquisa as fichas de cadastro do programa HiperDia de pessoas residentes no município de Itajubá. Utilizou-se a estatística descritiva para melhor compreensão dos resultados. Os dados coletados foram digitados no programa Microsoft Office Excel 2007 e foram utilizadas funções estatísticas para obter a porcentagem, com o erro populacional, de cada variável. Também foram realizados o teste qui-quadrado (não paramétrico em relação aos fatores de riscos concomitantes e teste binominal. Resultados: Os fatores de riscos mais relevantes foram antecedentes familiares (64,2% e sedentarismo (54,2% e dentre as patologias, a de maior relevância é a hipertensão arterial (85,6%, seguida do diabetes tipo II (30,4%. Observou-se que um número, ainda que pequeno, de pessoas que buscam os serviços do Sistema Único de Saúde já possuem complicações e fatores de risco para hipertensão e diabetes. Conclusão: É necessário adotar medidas de aperfeiçoamento dos programas de prevenção; diagnosticar de forma precoce o agravo; diminuir os fatores de risco, conscientizando a população sobre tais doenças e hábitos saudáveis de vida. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the clinical data of patients enrolled in the HiperDia, to determine the prevalence of associated diseases and the occurrence of risk factors in order to trace the epidemiological profile of users in the city of HiperDia Itajubá, State of Minas Gerais. Materials and Methods: It was used as a research tool the program registration forms HiperDia of people living in Itajubá city. It was used descriptive statistics to

  7. Perfil Epidemiológico de Pacientes Submetidos à Biópsia Gástrica em um Hospital Escola do Sul de Minas Gerais/ Epidemiological Profile of Patients Undergo Gastric Biopsy in a School Hospital of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela Maria A. Ribeiro Simões

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de lesões benignas e neoplasia gástrica através do estudo de biópsias realizadas em um Hospital Escola do Sul de Minas Gerais, no período entre 2007 e 2011. Materiais e Métodos: A pesquisa documental foi quantitativa e retrospectiva, baseada na análise dos registros de biópsias e prontuários. Realizou-se o levantamento de dados referentes à idade, gênero, cor, profissão, diagnóstico histopatológico e presença de Helicobacter pylori nas amostras. Resultados: O número total de biópsias gástricas analisadas foi de 1225, cujo perfil populacional encontrado foi: idade média de 56,75 anos, sexo masculino (52%, cor branca (81,9 %, aposentado (30%. Os diagnósticos mais frequentes foram: gastrites (71,9%, pólipos (14,2%, adenocarcinomas (5,9%, úlceras gástricas (6%, linfomas (0,4%, sem alterações (0,4% e outros (1,2%. Em outros, encontram-se achados de malignidade, metaplasia e xantelasma gástrico. Em relação à presença de Helicobacter pylori nas amostras, o resultado encontrado foi de24% positivas, 46% negativas e 30% não pesquisadas. Conclusão: Os resultados confirmam a alta frequência das doenças gástricas e sua incidência nas diversas faixas etárias, além do envolvimento do H. pylori em tais afecções. É de grande importância a caracterização dos dados epidemiológicos, o que permite prováveis direcionamentos para programas de prevenção e informação para a população. Objective: To determine the prevalence of benign lesions and gastric cancer through study of biopsies performed at a school hospital in southern Minas Gerais, in the period between 2007 and 2011.Materials and Methods: The research was quantitative and retrospective, based on analysis of biopsies records and medical records. We conducted the survey data regarding age, sex, color, profession, histopathological diagnosis and the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the samples. Results: The total number of

  8. Produção extemporânea da videira, cultivar Syrah, nas condições do sul de Minas Gerais Extemporaneous production of vines, cultivar Syrah, in the climatic conditions of the south of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Angelucci de Amorim

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a produção extemporânea da videira, através de uma segunda poda anual, nas condições climáticas do sul de Minas Gerais. O experimento foi conduzido em vinhedo não-irrigado, da cultivar Syrah, clone 747 ENTAV-INRA, enxertada sobre o '3309 C' e conduzido no sistema de espaldeira, com espaçamento de 2,50 x 1,50 metros. A primeira poda de formação das plantas foi realizada em agosto de 2002, enquanto a poda de produção foi realizada no mês de janeiro, em ramos totalmente lignificados. O ciclo completo de produção foi de 164 dias e a precipitação pluviométrica acumulada neste período, de 480 mm, sendo que, nos últimos 15 dias que antecederam a colheita, não foi registrada nenhuma precipitação. Os valores do potencial hídrico de base permaneceram bastante baixos (valores absolutos durante todo o ciclo, ao mesmo tempo que a transpiração das folhas e a assimilação do carbono se mantiveram em níveis elevados, caracterizando a ausência de estresse hídrico durante o ciclo de produção. A produção atingiu 8,45 t.ha-1 com 21,75º brix e 100 Meq.l-1 de acidez total na colheita, permitindo concluir que, nas condições de estudo, é possível a obtenção de um ciclo de outono para a videira com bons índices de produção sem o emprego da irrigação.The extemporaneous production of vines was evaluated, through a second annual prune, in the climatic conditions of the South of Minas Gerais. The experiment was carried out in a non irrigated vineyard, of the cultivar Syrah, clone 747 ENTAV-INRA, grafted on 3309 C and conducted in the vertical system, with spacing of 2,50 x 1,50 meters. The first pruning of plant's formation was accomplished in August of 2002, while the production pruning was in the month of January in branches completely lignified. The complete cycle of production was of 164 days and the precipitation accumulated in this period was 480 mm, being that wasn't registered any precipitation on the last 15

  9. Nematofauna associada à cultura do quiabo na região leste de Minas Gerais The influence of parasitic nematodes on okra crop in eastern Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosângela D'Arc de Lima Oliveira

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available A cultura do quiabo possui importância sócio-cultural para o estado de Minas Gerais (MG e 34,2% do volume de quiabo comercializado na Ceasa/Contagem procede dos municípios localizados entre Caratinga e Governador Valadares. Entretanto, o quiabeiro tem a sua produção influenciada pelos danos decorrentes de infecções causadas pelos nematóides das galhas (Meloidogyne spp.. As principais espécies desse nematóide que atacam o quiabeiro já foram relatadas no Brasil, e algumas destas podem causar a morte da planta. A correta identificação da(s espécie(s e, ou da(s raça(s de Meloidogyne presente(s nas raízes do quiabeiro é importante na escolha da medida de controle mais apropriada. Para determinar a ocorrência e distribuição de Meloidogyne spp. e outros nematóides na região leste de MG, 70 amostras de solo e raízes da cultura, provenientes de 14 localidades, foram avaliadas por características morfológicas e isoenzimáticas. Dentre as populações de Meloidogyne spp. identificadas prevaleceu M. incognita (fenótipos de Esterase I1 e I2, seguida de M. javanica (fenótipos J2 e J3 e M. arenaria (fenótipo A2. A espécie M. mayaguensis foi confirmada pela ocorrência do fenótipo M2 para esterase, N3 para malato desidrogenase, N2 para superóxido dismutase e N3 para glutamato-oxaloacetato transaminase. Este é o primeiro relato da ocorrência de M. mayaguensis em MG. Outros nematóides detectados na rizosfera do quiabeiro foram Aphelenchus sp., Criconemella sp., Helicotylenchus spp., Pratylenchus brachyurus e P. coffeae, Rotylenchulus reniformis, Rotylenchus sp., Tylenchus sp. e Tylenchorhynchus sp.Okra has a cultural and social importance for the State of Minas Gerais (MG, and 34,2% of the volume marketed in the Ceasa/Contagem, MG, come from the municipalities located near Caratinga and Governador Valadares. The okra production is influenced for the infection caused by the root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.. The main species

  10. Perfil da clientela estomizada residente no município de Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais Profile of the ostomized patients resident in the city of Ponte Nova, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Magalhães Fernandes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Um estoma pode ser um sério limitador da qualidade de vida de pessoas obrigadas a conviver com essa condição. Conhecer os aspectos demográficos e clínicos de pessoas assistidas por programas de atenção ao estomizado é essencial para o estabelecimento de protocolos assistenciais visando à melhoria do cuidado prestado. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, visando caracterizar os pacientes estomizados residentes em uma cidade de Minas Gerais e inseridos no Programa de Atenção à Pessoa Ostomizada do local, no período de 1994 a 2006. A amostra foi constituída por 12 pacientes, todos colostomizados, com diagnóstico inicial, em ordem de ocorrência, de câncer de reto, de fístula vesicorretal e de câncer pélvico com acometimento das alças intestinais. Complicações no estoma ou na pele ao redor deste foram observadas em 66,1% da amostra, e 58,30% dos pacientes estavam estomizados há dois anos ou mais. Os pacientes relataram alterações nos aspectos físicos e emocionais após a realização do estoma, interferindo em sua qualidade de vida. Constatou-se, porém, que para a maioria dos pacientes, o programa é considerado apenas um centro de concessão de dispositivos. Os mesmos desconhecem o papel da equipe multidisciplinar na recuperação e reabilitação precoces.A stoma can be a serious limiting factor in the quality of life of people forced to live with it. Knowing the demographic and clinical characteristics of people assisted by ostomate care programs is essential for the establishment of protocols which focus on improving the care provided. This is a descriptive study and its purpose was to characterize the ostomates who live in any city in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, and were treated in the local Ostomate Care Program Center between 1994 and 2006. The sample consisted of 12 colostomized patients, with an initial diagnosis of, in order of occurrence, rectal cancer, rectovesical fistula and pelvic cancer affecting the intestinal

  11. Modelos matemáticos para predição da chuva de projeto para regiões do Estado de Minas Gerais Mathematical models for the estimation of rainfall in selected regions of Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos R. de Mello

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O uso de modelos matemáticos para predição da chuva é uma forma prática e precisa para determinação do valor a ser aplicado em projetos, sendo útil para localidades desprovidas de informações pluviométricas. Objetivou-se ajustar o método de Bell, que possui características de regionalização para a chuva de projeto, com base em equações de chuvas intensas e modelos de probabilidade de Gumbel de estações meteorológicas do Estado de Minas Gerais ajustando, também, um modelo para cada região do estado. Avaliaram-se os modelos considerando-se o coeficiente de determinação e os erros médios em relação aos dados originais. Para validação, trabalhou-se com três estações meteorológicas da região Norte não usadas para ajuste do respectivo modelo. Foram analisadas três metodologias para estimativa da chuva intensa padrão (h(60,2, que pondera o método usado, ressaltando-se a média aritmética, a média ponderada pelo inverso do quadrado da distância e a predição geoestatística (krigagem. Observou-se que os modelos possuem bons indicadores estatísticos e a validação produziu erros baixos, mostrando que os modelos podem ser aplicados, especialmente se a krigagem for usada para estimativa do parâmetro h(60,2.The use of mathematical models for predicting rainfall is a practical and accurate way of determining this parameter to be applied to regions which do not have any precipitation data. Based on the intense rainfall equations and Gumbel's probability model for maximum daily precipitation of meteorological stations in Minas Gerais State, the objective of this work was to adjust the Bell's Method, with regional features, for rainfall, adjusting one model for each region. The regional parameters were estimated by non-linear multiple regression, using Gauss-Newton's method. The goodness of the models was evaluated by the coefficient of determination and mean errors of prediction as compared to the original data

  12. Perfil do absenteísmo em um banco estatal em Minas Gerais: análise no período de 1998 a 2003 Absenteeism profile in a state bank in Minas Gerais between 1998 a 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Sérgio Silva

    2008-