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Sample records for calcifying nanoparticles nanobacteria

  1. Critical evaluation of gamma-irradiated serum used as feeder in the culture and demonstration of putative nanobacteria and calcifying nanoparticles.

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    Jan Martel

    Full Text Available The culture and demonstration of putative nanobacteria (NB and calcifying nanoparticles (CNP from human and animal tissues has relied primarily on the use of a culture supplement consisting of FBS that had been gamma-irradiated at a dose of 30 kGy (gamma-FBS. The use of gamma-FBS is based on the assumption that this sterilized fluid has been rid entirely of any residual NB/CNP, while it continues to promote the slow growth in culture of NB/CNP from human/animal tissues. We show here that gamma-irradiation (5-50 kGy produces extensive dose-dependent serum protein breakdown as demonstrated through UV and visible light spectrophotometry, fluorometry, Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy, and gel electrophoresis. Yet, both gamma-FBS and gamma-irradiated human serum (gamma-HS produce NB/CNP in cell culture conditions that are morphologically and chemically indistinguishable from their normal serum counterparts. Contrary to earlier claims, gamma-FBS does not enhance the formation of NB/CNP from several human body fluids (saliva, urine, ascites, and synovial fluid tested. In the presence of additional precipitating ions, both gamma-irradiated serum (FBS and HS and gamma-irradiated proteins (albumin and fetuin-A retain the inherent dual NB inhibitory and seeding capabilities seen also with their untreated counterparts. By gel electrophoresis, the particles formed from both gamma-FBS and gamma-HS are seen to have assimilated into their scaffold the same smeared protein profiles found in the gamma-irradiated sera. However, their protein compositions as identified by proteomics are virtually identical to those seen with particles formed from untreated serum. Moreover, particles derived from human fluids and cultured in the presence of gamma-FBS contain proteins derived from both gamma-FBS and the human fluid under investigation-a confusing and unprecedented scenario indicating that these particles harbor proteins from both the host tissue and the FBS

  2. Calcifying nanoparticles associated encrusted urinary bladder cystitis.

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    Jelic, Tomislav M; Roque, Rod; Yasar, Uzay; Tomchin, Shayna B; Serrato, Jose M; Deem, Samuel G; Tierney, James P; Chang, Ho-Huang

    2008-01-01

    Encrusted cystitis is a subtype of chronic cystitis characterized by multiple calcifications in the form of plaques located in the interstitium of the urinary bladder mucosa and frequently associated with mucosal ulcers. It is a very rare disease of controversial etiology. Our transmission electron microscopy of the calcified plaques of encrusted cystitis has revealed that the smallest formed particles (elementary units) of these calcifications are electron-dense shells surrounding an electron lucent core, diagnostic of calcifying nanoparticles (previously called nanobacteria). We pioneer the notion that calcifying nanoparticles are the causative agents of encrusted urinary bladder cystitis.

  3. Calcifying nanoparticles associated encrusted urinary bladder cystitis

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    Tomislav M Jelic

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Tomislav M Jelic1, Rod Roque1, Uzay Yasar2, Shayna B Tomchin1, Jose M Serrato2, Samuel G Deem3, James P Tierney3, Ho-Huang Chang11Department of Pathology Charleston Area Medical Center, Charleston WV, USA; 2Urology Center of Charleston, Charleston WV, USA; 3Urologic-Surgical Assoc. of Charleston, Charleston WV, USAAbstract: Encrusted cystitis is a subtype of chronic cystitis characterized by multiple calcifications in the form of plaques located in the interstitium of the urinary bladder mucosa and frequently associated with mucosal ulcers. It is a very rare disease of controversial etiology. Our transmission electron microscopy of the calcified plaques of encrusted cystitis has revealed that the smallest formed particles (elementary units of these calcifications are electron-dense shells surrounding an electron lucent core, diagnostic of calcifying nanoparticles (previously called nanobacteria. We pioneer the notion that calcifying nanoparticles are the causative agents of encrusted urinary bladder cystitis.Keywords: calcifying nanoparticles, nanobacteria, encrusted cystitis

  4. Association between Randall's Plaque and Calcifying Nanoparticles

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    Citfcioglu, Neva; Vejdani, Kaveh; Lee, Olivia; Mathew, Grace; Aho, Katja M.; Kajander, Olavi; McKay, David S.; Jones, Jeffrey A.; Feiveson, Alan H.; Stoller, Marshall L.

    2007-01-01

    Randall initially described calcified subepithelial papillary plaques, which he hypothesized as nidi for kidney stone formation. The discovery of calcifying nanoparticles (CNP) in many calcifying processes of human tissues has raised another hypothesis about their possible involvement in urinary stone formation. This research is the first attempt to investigate the potential association of these two hypotheses. We collected renal papilla and blood samples from 17 human patients who had undergone laparoscopic nephrectomy due to neoplasia. Immunohistochemical staining (IHS) was applied on the tissue samples using monoclonal antibody 8D10 (mAb) against CNP. Homogenized papillary tissues and serum samples were cultured for CNP. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis were performed on fixed papillary samples. Randall's plaques were visible on gross inspection in 11 out of 17 collected samples. IHS was positive for CNP antigen in 8 of these 11 visually positive samples, but in only 1 of the remaining 6 samples. SEM revealed spherical apatite formations in 14 samples, all of which had calcium and phosphate peaks detected by EDS analysis. From this study, there was some evidence of a link between the presence of Randall's plaques and the detection of CNP, also referred to as nanobacteria. Although causality was not demonstrated, these results suggest that further studies with negative control samples should be made to explore the etiology of Randall's plaque formation, thus leading to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of stone formation.

  5. Clinical implications of calcifying nanoparticles in dental diseases: a critical review

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    Alenazy MS

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Mohammed S Alenazy,1 Hezekiah A Mosadomi2,3 1Restorative Dentistry Department, 2Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Department, 3Research Center, Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Background: Unknown cell-culture contaminants were described by Kajander and Ciftçioğlu in 1998. These contaminants were called nanobacteria initially and later calcifying nanoparticles (CNPs. Their exact nature is unclear and controversial. CNPs have unique and unusual characteristics, which preclude placing them into any established evolutionary branch of life. Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to assess published data concerning CNPs since 1998 in general and in relation to dental diseases in particular. Materials and methods: The National Library of Medicine (PubMed and Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE electronic and manual searches were conducted. Nanobacteria and calcifying nanoparticles were used as keywords. The search yielded 135 full-length papers. Further screening of the titles and abstracts that followed the review criteria resulted in 43 papers that met the study aim. Conclusion: The review showed that the existence of nanobacteria is still controversial. Some investigators have described a possible involvement of CNPs in pulpal and salivary gland calcifications, as well as the possible therapeutic use of CNPs in the treatment of cracked and/or eroded teeth. Keywords: calcifying nanoparticles, nanobacteria, sialolith, pulp stone, enamel repair

  6. Association between dental pulp stones and calcifying nanoparticles

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    Zeng, Jinfeng; Yang, Fang; Zhang, Wei; Gong, Qimei; Du, Yu; Ling, Junqi

    2011-01-01

    The etiology of dental pulp stones, one type of extraskeletal calcification disease, remains elusive to date. Calcifying nanoparticles (CNPs), formerly referred to as nanobacteria, were reported to be one etiological factor in a number of extraskeletal calcification diseases. We hypothesized that CNPs are involved in the calcification of the dental pulp tissue, and therefore investigated the link between CNPs and dental pulp stones. Sixty-five freshly collected dental pulp stones, each from a different patient, were analyzed. Thirteen of the pulp stones were examined for the existence of CNPs in situ by immunohistochemical staining (IHS), indirect immunofluorescence staining (IIFS), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The remaining 52 pulp stones were used for isolation and cultivation of CNPs; the cultured CNPs were identified and confirmed via their shape and growth characteristics. Among the dental pulp stones examined in situ, 84.6% of the tissue samples staines positive for CNPs antigen by IHS; the corresponding rate by IIFS was 92.3 %. In 88.2% of the cultured samples, CNPs were isolated and cultivated successfully. The CNPs were visible under TEM as 200–400 nm diameter spherical particles surrounded by a compact crust. CNPs could be detected and isolated from a high percentage of dental pulp stones, suggesting that CNPs might play an important role in the calcification of dental pulp. PMID:21289988

  7. Nanobacteria in clouds can spread oral pathologic calcifications around the world

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    Jafar Kolahi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nanobacteria (calcifying nanoparticles, nanobes are one of the most controversial issues in contemporary biology. Studies show accumulating evidence on association of nanobacteria with oral pathologic calcifications such as calculus, pulp stone, and salivary gland stones. The Hypothesis: Experiments have shown that nanobacteria are excreted from the body in urine and saliva, lifted from the ground by winds into the cloud, and transit between the high humidity region of the clouds and the relatively dry inter-cloud regions. Remnants of a sticky protein coating that nanobacteria make it act as an extremely efficient cloud condensation nuclei. Following condensation of cloud, nanobacteria return to the earth via rain and snow. Evaluation of the Hypothesis: Transmission of nanobacteria via clouds is not surprising when compared with cosmic transmission of nanobacteria. The apatite mineral layer around the organism serves as a primary defence shield against various seriously life-threatening conditions. A double defence with the apatite layer and an impermeable membrane combined with a very slow metabolism is a likely explanation for the resistance of nanobacteria.

  8. Persistent Seroconversion after Accidental Eye Exposure to Calcifying Nanoparticles

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    Ciftcioglu, Neva; Aho, Katja M.; McKay, David S.; Kajander, E. Olavi

    2007-01-01

    Biosafety of nanomaterials has attracted much attention recently. We report here a case where accidental human eye exposure to biogenic nanosized calcium phosphate in the form of calcifying nanoparticles (CNP) raised a strong IgG immune response against proteins carried by CNP. The antibody titer has persisted over ten years at the high level. The IgG was detected by ELISA using CNPs propagated in media containing bovine and human serum as antigen. The exposure incident occurred to a woman scientist (WS) at a research laboratory in Finland at 1993. CNP, also termed "nanobacteria", is a unique self-replicating agent that has not been fully characterized and no data on biohazards were available at that time. Before the accident, her serum samples were negative for both CNP antigen and anti-CNP antibody using specific ELISA tests (Nanobac Oy, Kuopio, Finland). The accident occurred while WS was harvesting CNP cultures. Due to a high pressure in pipetting, CNP pellet splashed into her right eye. Both eyes were immediately washed with water and saline. The following days there was irritation and redness in the right eye. These symptoms disappeared within two weeks without any treatment. Three months after the accident, blood and urine samples of WS were tested for CNP cultures (2), CNP-specific ELISA tests, and blood cell counts. Blood cell counts were normal, CNP antigen and culture tests were negative. A high IgG anti-CNP antibody titer was detected (see Figure). The antibodies of this person have been used thereafter as positive control and standard in ELISA manufacturing (Nano-Sero IgG ELISA, Nanobac Oy, Kuopio, Finland).

  9. Do blood-borne calcifying nanoparticles self-propagate?

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    Grace Mathew

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Grace Mathew1, David S McKay2, Neva Çiftçioglu21Nanobac Pharmaceuticals Inc, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USAAbstract: The nanotechnology industry is currently in the process of producing new nanoparticles. The biological activity of nanoparticles including adverse as well as beneficial effects tends to increase as their size decreases. The smaller the particles are, the greater their bioactivity and toxicity. Thus, one can easily conjecture the impact of a nanoparticle if it could also self-replicate. This in vitro study reveals the self-propagating ability of unique calcifying nanoparticles (CNP that can be as small as 50 nm in size and found in blood, blood products, and calcified soft tissues. Although specific detection techniques, morphological characteristics and biomineralizing properties of CNP are well established, their genomic information and self-propagating capability have always been challenged. The objective of this study is to document the propagation of CNP under physiological conditions, using inverted light microscopy (LM and the Biostation IM time-lapse imaging system. Their detailed morphological structure was examined using scanning (SEM and transmission (TEM electron microscopy. This present study, in conjunction with previous findings of metabolic activity, antibiotic sensitivity, antibody specificity, morphological aspects and infectivity, validates CNP as self-replicators. Therefore these sterile-filterable, blood-borne nanoparticles should be of concern to the nanomedicine industry.Keywords: calcifying nanoparticles, time-lapse photography, self-replication, apatite

  10. Morphological observation of nanobacteria in calcified placenta and umbilical cord blood%钙化胎盘及脐带血中纳米细菌的形态学观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜男; 张德纯; 张名均; 郭亚楠; 杨晓容; 杨顺杰

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)的分布,寻求检测胎盘钙化NB感染的更好组织来源.方法 收集孕妇胎盘钙化组织和脐带血20例,并以20例正常胎盘组织作对照,分离培养NB;用革兰染色和茜素红染色法、扫描电镜和透射电镜进行形态学鉴定.结果 培养沉淀物符合NB的特性.脐带血NB分离率为80%(16/20),钙化胎盘组织为65%(13/20),均明显高于正常胎盘组织的10%(2/20),X2分别为12.07、9.09,P均<0.01;脐带血与钙化胎盘组织比较,差异无统计学意义(x2=1.33,P>0.05).油镜下脐带血和钙化胎盘组织分离的NB为球状或球杆状,形态相似;茜素红染色脐带血中NB较多且聚集成簇;透射电镜和扫描电镜下NB呈球形,大小为80 ~ 500 nm,并可见毛刺结构.结论 胎盘钙化与NB感染有关,脐带血适用于检测钙化胎盘的NB感染.%Objective To study the distribution of nanobacteria (NB) and explore an appropriate tissue as the source for detection of placental calcification infected with nanobacteria. Methods The calcified placental tissues and umbilical cord blood from 20 pregnant women for isolation and culture of NB, and normal placental tissues were used as controls. The morphological identification of NB was performed with Gram and alizarin red staining and scanning electron microscope (SEM) , transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results The precipitates were corresponding to the characteristics of NB. The isolation rate of NB was 65% (13/20) in the specimens of calcified placental tissues and 80% (16/20) in the cord blood, and both of them were higher than that in normal placental tissues (10% ) with a significantly statistical difference ( chi-square values were 12. 07 and 9. 09 respectively, P 0. 05). The shape of NB isolated from calcified placental tissue and umbilical cord blood under oil lens was spherical or rhabdoid with burr edge, and was globoid with size of 80-500 nm and staining of Gram

  11. Do blood-borne calcifying nanoparticles self-propagate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathew, Grace; Mckay, David S; Ciftçioglu, Neva

    2008-01-01

    The nanotechnology industry is currently in the process of producing new nanoparticles. The biological activity of nanoparticles including adverse as well as beneficial effects tends to increase as their size decreases. The smaller the particles are, the greater their bioactivity and toxicity. Thus, one can easily conjecture the impact ofa nanoparticle if it could also self-replicate. This in vitro study reveals the self-propagating ability of unique calcifying nanoparticles (CNP) that can be as small as 50 nm in size and found in blood, blood products, and calcified soft tissues. Although specific detection techniques, morphological characteristics and biomineralizing properties of CNP are well established, their genomic information and self-propagating capability have always been challenged. The objective of this study is to document the propagation of CNP under physiological conditions, using inverted light microscopy (LM) and the Biostation IM time-lapse imaging system. Their detailed morphological structure was examined using scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy. This present study, in conjunction with previous findings of metabolic activity, antibiotic sensitivity, antibody specificity, morphological aspects and infectivity, validates CNP as self-replicators. Therefore these sterile-filterable, blood-borne nanoparticles should be of concern to the nanomedicine industry.

  12. Calcified tissue histochemistry: from microstructures to nanoparticles

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    E Bonucci

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available It has long been recognized that histochemistry and cytochemistry offer the only ways of gathering information about the biochemical composition of tissues and cells without disrupting their microscopic architecture. A variety of methods have been put forward for studying nuclei acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, enzymes and other components of intact tissues and cells. By now, many of these have only a historical interest. Some do, however, survive in microscopic and ultramicroscopic applications, and have become incorporated in the most refined and precise techniques that are currently available. Histochemical reactions range from the classic procedures carried out on histological sections to yield final stained products recognizable under the light microscope (Figure 1, to those which are applied on ultrathin sections, using heavy metals or other electron-dense compounds to reveal specific components under the electron microscope (Figure 2A; others range from procedures based on the antigen-antibody reaction that are capable of revealing the presence of specific biological molecules (Figure 2B, to the biophysical techniques which permit the qualitative and quantitative analysis of elements (Figure 3; lastly, there are the recently proposed ultra-high resolution methods that allow nanoparticles to be recognized. This brief review, which is based on personal experience and on the data in the literature, will discuss the most important methods now being used.

  13. Detection of nanobacteria in serum, bile and gallbladder mucosa of patients with cholecystolithiasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Yu; YANG Jing; E. Olavi Kajander; Neva Ciftcioglu; LI Yong-guo; YANG Zhu-lin; WANG Xue-jun; WEI Hong; LIU Wei; MIAO Xiong-ying; WANG Qun-wei; HUANG Sheng-fu

    2005-01-01

    @@ In 1990, nanobacterium was found and named by Kajander.1 With distinct mineralizing ability, nanobacteria are thought to play a role in extraskeletal calcifying diseases. It have been found in many human tissues, but whether they exist in the bile or gallbladder mucosa remains unclear. The present study was undertaken to investigate by ELISA, bacterial culturing, immunohistochemical staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), whether nanobacteria exist in serum, bile or gallbladder mucosa of healthy people and patients with cholecystolithiasis.

  14. 纳米细菌——能矿化的超微粒子%Nanobacteria-propagating calcifying nanoparticles

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    王丰玲; 张英锋; 李阳; 马子川

    2008-01-01

    纳米细菌是一种超微粒子,已发现其与肾结石、心脏病、癌症等许多疾病有关.纳米细菌具有独特的生物矿化作用.该过程中,他们能形成纳米级的磷灰石晶体外壳来保护自己.纳米细菌的生物矿化作用与致病性间的关系已经引起人们的广泛关注.

  15. Do blood-borne calcifying nanoparticles self-propagate?

    OpenAIRE

    Ciftcioglu,

    2008-01-01

    Grace Mathew1, David S McKay2, Neva Çiftçioglu21Nanobac Pharmaceuticals Inc, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USAAbstract: The nanotechnology industry is currently in the process of producing new nanoparticles. The biological activity of nanoparticles including adverse as well as beneficial effects tends to increase as their size decreases. The smaller the particles are, the greater their bioactivity and toxicity. Thus, one...

  16. Mineralization by nanobacteria

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    Kajander, E. Olavi; Bjorklund, Michael; Ciftcioglu, Neva

    1998-07-01

    Nanobacteria are the smallest cell-walled bacteria, only recently discovered in human and cow blood and in commercial cell culture serum. In this study, we identified with energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis and chemical analysis that all growth phases of nanobacteria produce biogenic apatite on their cell envelope. Fourier transform IR spectroscopy revealed the mineral as carbonate apatite. Previous models for stone formation have lead to a hypothesis that an elevated pH due to urease and/or alkaline phosphatase activity are important lithogenic factors. Our results indicate that carbonate apatite can be formed without these factors at pH 7.4 at physiological phosphate and calcium concentrations. Due to their specific macromolecules, nanobacteria can produce apatite very efficiency in media mimicking tissue fluids and glomerular filtrate and rapidly mineralizing most of available calcium and phosphate. This can be also monitored by (superscript 85)Sr incorporation and provides a unique model for in vitro studies on calcification. Recently, bacteria have been implicated in the formation of carbonate (hydroxy)fluorapatite in marine sediments. Apatite grains are found so commonly in sedimentary rocks that apatite is omitted in naming the stone. To prove that apatite and other minerals are formed by bacteria would implicate that the bacteria could be observed and their actions followed in stones. We have started to approach this in two ways. Firstly, by the use of sensitive methods for detecting specific bacterial components, like antigens, muramic acid and nucleic acids, that allow for detecting the presence of bacteria and, secondly, by follow-up of volatile bacterial metabolites observed by continuous monitoring with ion mobility spectrometry, IMCELL, working like an artificial, educatable smelling nose. The latter method might allow for remote real time detection of bacterial metabolism, a signature of life, in rocks via fractures of drillholes with or without

  17. Extraordinary survival of nanobacteria under extreme conditions

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    Bjorklund, Michael; Ciftcioglu, Neva; Kajander, E. Olavi

    1998-07-01

    Nanobacteria show high resistance to gamma irradiation. To further examine their survival in extreme conditions several disinfecting and sterilizing chemicals as well as autoclaving, UV light, microwaves, heating and drying treatments were carried out. The effect of antibiotics used in cell culture were also evaluated. Two forms of nanobacteria were used in the tests: nanobacteria cultured in serum containing medium, and nanobacteria cultured in serum-free medium, the latter being more mineralized. Nanobacteria, having various amounts of apatite on their surfaces, were used to analyze the degree of protection given by the mineral. The chemicals tested included ethanol, glutaraldehyde, formalin, hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, detergents, and commercial disinfectants at concentrations generally used for disinfection. After chemical and physical treatments for various times, the nanobacteria were subcultered to detect their survival. The results show unique and wide resistance of nanobacteria to common agents used in disinfection. It can also be seen that the mineralization of the nanobacterial surface furthermore increases the resistance. Survival of nanobacteria is unique among living bacteria, but it can be compared with that observed in spores. Interestingly, nanobacteria have metabolic rate as slow as bacterial spores. A slow metabolic rate and protective structures, like mineral, biofilm and impermeable cell wall, can thus explain the observations made.

  18. Calcifying tendinopathy.

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    Józsa, L; Bálint, B J; Réffy, A

    1980-01-01

    The authors examined 119 tendons with light-, and 34 tendons with electron microscope, excised within 48 h after spontaneous rupture of tendon. By light microscopic study 9, and by electron microscopic examination 18 cases of calcifying tendinopathy could be detected. The calcification occurred without necrosis or inflammation. The authors concluded, that calcifying tendinopathy is a hypoxic alteration of the tendon.

  19. Radiolabeling and in vivo distribution of nanobacteria in rabbits

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    Akerman, Kari K.; Kuikka, Jyrki T.; Ciftcioglu, Neva; Parkkinen, Jyrki; Bergstroem, Kim A.; Kuronen, Ilpo; Kajander, E. Olavi

    1997-07-01

    Nanobacteria are minute bacteria recently isolated from mammalian blood. They encapsulate themselves with apatite mineral. Cultured nanobacteria were radiolabeled with (superscript 99m)Tc, using a method which has been previously used for labeling red blood cells with (superscript 99m)Tc, and in vivo distribution of nanobacteria was followed with Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) imaging. The labeling yield was over 30%. Two rabbits were studied using dynamic planar imaging performed in the AP-position immediately after injection. Serial SPECT scans were acquired up to 24 h and one planar image was taken at 45 h. A control study was performed administering a similar dose of [(superscript 99m)Tc] labeled albumin nanocolloids. Regional nanobacteria-to- nanocolloid ratios were calculated along with time and tissues (45 h) were analyzed for radioactivity and for nanobacteria. The main finding was that radiolabeled nanobacteria remained intact and showed a tissue specific distribution with a high accumulation in the kidneys and also in urine. Spleen, stomach, heart and intestine also showed increased uptake. Excretion into urine started 10 - 15 min after injection. These were live nanobacteria in the urine, which had better capabilities to penetrate into cells in vitro. The nanobacteria accessed the urine via tubular cells since nanobacteria were found in their cytoplasm and tubular surfaces. The results suggest that nanobacteria utilize endocytic transport of tubular cells and may be involved in the pathogenesis of mineral formation in mammalian kidney stones.

  20. 纳米细菌的分离培养和保存方法探讨%Method for isolation, culture and conservation of nanobacteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亚楠; 张德纯; 陆合; 李金玲; 沈学成; 刘明方

    2011-01-01

    目的 以钙化的胎盘组织为例,寻求在钙化组织中分离纳米细菌的最佳方法,以便更多疑似与纳米细菌感染有关的疾病得以准确分离出纳米细菌菌株,并探讨培养和保存纳米细菌的最适宜的条件.方法 (Ⅰ)胎盘钙化组织标本分别用盐酸脱矿与超声振荡脱矿的方法分离纳米细菌,计算其分离阳性率.(2)分离出的纳米细菌分别用细胞培养箱与细菌培养箱培养1个月,利用分光光度计记录两种条件下纳米细菌浓度的变化,并描绘生长曲线.(3)分别用4、- 20与- 80℃冰箱保存钙化组织和纳米细菌,记录纳米细菌分离和复苏的生长状况并绘制生长曲线.结果 (1)钙化组织用盐酸脱矿更易分离得到纳米细菌.(2)细胞与细菌培养环境下纳米细菌的生长速度并无明显差别.(3)4℃保存钙化组织和纳米细菌对于其分离和复苏都要优于- 20℃和- 80℃.结论 对钙化组织进行盐酸脱矿可以更好的分离出纳米细菌,并且可以在细菌培养箱内培养纳米细菌,新鲜钙化组织标本和纳米细菌可以短时间保存在4℃.%Objective To find an optimal method for isolating nanobacteria in calcified tissues and the most suitable condition to culture and observe nanobacteria. Method Calcified placental tissue were used in this research in a hope that the method could be used to other calcified tissues as well. (1) Calcified placental tissues were demineralized separately with hydrochloric acid and ultrasonic vibration to isolate nanobacteria from the samples; the positive rates of isolation were calculated and compared. (2) Nanobacteria were cultured separately in cells and bacteria culture conditions and concentration was recorded with spectophoto fluorometer. (3) Fresh calcified tissues and cultured nanobacteria were preserved in different low temperature conditions, recovery and concentration was recorded. Result (1) Nanobacteria were obtained more easily in HC1

  1. CO 2 lasers to destroy defiance of nanobacteria

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    Jafar Kolahi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nanobacteria are mysterious particles that have spurred one of the biggest controversies in modern microbiology. The apatite mineral around the nanobacteria serves as a primary defense shield against various chemicals and extremely harsh condition. It is combined with a very slow metabolism of nanobacteria. These two items would be the likely explanation for the sever resistance of nanobacteria. The Hypothesis: The CO 2 laser is a continuous wave gas laser and emits infrared light at 9,600-10,600 nm in an easily manipulated focused beam that is well absorbed by water and hydroxyapatite. Hence, it seems logical to postulate that CO 2 laser can be used successfully to destroy defensive external hydroxyapatite layer of nanobacteria. Evaluation of the Hypothesis: Main criticism with this hypothesis is differential radiation of nanobacteria. It is well known that CO 2 laser has high water absorption and consequently can cause unwanted damage to human host tissues.

  2. Calcifying tendinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uhthoff, H K

    1996-01-01

    Calcifying tendinitis is not due to a dystrophic calcification of the degenerative tendinous tissue but due to a cell mediated reactive process. In fact, following formation of a deposit resorption usually ensues which in turn will be followed by a tendon reconstitution. If patent conservative measures fail, surgery should only be contemplated in the presence of radiologically dense, homogenous and well delineated deposits which indicate that the resorptive activity has not set in. If, on the other hand, there is evidence of ongoing resorption the decision for surgery should be postponed since only exceptionally natural resorption will not occur.

  3. Vascular cemeteries formed by biological nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sommer, Andrei P., E-mail: andrei.sommer@uni-ulm.de [University of Ulm, Institute of Micro and Nanomaterials (Germany); Tsurumoto, Toshiyuki [Nagasaki University, Department of Macroscopic Anatomy, Graduate School of Biomedical Science (Japan)

    2013-04-15

    We report the discovery of dense colonies of globular structures ranging from 100 nm to 5 {mu}m in the tunica media of the femoral artery of an 89-year-old female cadaver. Systematic analysis using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and light microscopy reveals that the globular structures are surrounded by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and consist predominantly of calcium phosphate. Inspection of the images suggests the action of two complementary growth processes. The structures may grow both in size and in number locally by Ostwald ripening and a replicative route, respectively. Morphology in conjunction with the quality of their native growth niche suggests that they are different from nanocrystals released from apoptotic bodies. Their tendency to fill VSMC pockets leads to the speculation that they could represent an effort of the VSMC system to wall off cytotoxic nanocrystals liberated from apoptotic bodies. Alternatively, the structures may be equivalent with nanobacteria (NB)-a nomenclature which caused confusion. This is reflected by the multitude of names used by different authors for the nanoentities (living nanovesicles, nanobionta, calcifying nanoparticles, and nanons). Indeed, there is no clear definition in the literature as to what NB are. Considering that the calcium phosphate nanoparticles have been identified in the human body, we used in our study the descriptive name biological nanoparticles-the world's first nanoparticles.

  4. Gastric Calcifying Fibrous Tumour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Attila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Intramucosal gastric tumours are most commonly found to be gastrointestinal stromal tumours or leiomyomas (smooth muscle tumours; however, a variety of other uncommon mesenchymal tumours can occur in the stomach wall. A rare benign calcifying fibrous tumour is reported and the endoscopic appearance, ultrasound findings and morphology are documented. A review of the literature found only two similar cases.

  5. Microbes produce nanobacteria-like structures, avoiding cell entombment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bontognali, Tomaso R. R.; Vasconcelos, Crisógono; Warthmann, Rolf J.; Dupraz, Christophe; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; McKenzie, Judith A.

    2008-08-01

    Microsedimentary structures referred to as nanobacteria-likeparticles were described from modern carbonate environments,where they form in close spatial association with sulfate-reducingbacteria (SRB). However, the exact mechanism of their formation,as well as their paleontological significance, remains controversial.Here we report on an investigation of microbe-mineral interactionsin experimentally produced carbonate globules. The experimentswere carried out under anoxic conditions at 30 °C with Desulfovibriobrasiliensis, a SRB known to mediate dolomite formation. Weobserved that extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) secretedby the microbial community play a key role in the mineralizationprocess. Nanobacteria-like particles represent the early stageof carbonate nucleation within the EPS, which progressivelyevolve to larger globules displaying a grainy texture. We excludedthe possibilities that these structures are fossils of nanobacteria,dissolution surfaces, or artifacts created during sample preparation.D. brasiliensis cells are predominantly located outside of theEPS aggregates where mineral growth takes place. As a result,they remain mobile and are rarely entombed within the mineral.This self-preservation behavior may not be limited to D. brasiliensis.Other microbes may produce, or may have produced during thegeological past, biogenic minerals through a similar process.Mineralization within EPS explains why microbial relics arenot necessarily present in biogenic carbonates.

  6. Why marine phytoplankton calcify

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Fanny M.; Bach, Lennart T.; Brownlee, Colin; Bown, Paul; Rickaby, Rosalind E. M.; Poulton, Alex J.; Tyrrell, Toby; Beaufort, Luc; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Gibbs, Samantha; Gutowska, Magdalena A.; Lee, Renee; Riebesell, Ulf; Young, Jeremy; Ridgwell, Andy

    2016-01-01

    Calcifying marine phytoplankton—coccolithophores— are some of the most successful yet enigmatic organisms in the ocean and are at risk from global change. To better understand how they will be affected, we need to know “why” coccolithophores calcify. We review coccolithophorid evolutionary history and cell biology as well as insights from recent experiments to provide a critical assessment of the costs and benefits of calcification. We conclude that calcification has high energy demands and that coccolithophores might have calcified initially to reduce grazing pressure but that additional benefits such as protection from photodamage and viral/bacterial attack further explain their high diversity and broad spectrum ecology. The cost-benefit aspect of these traits is illustrated by novel ecosystem modeling, although conclusive observations remain limited. In the future ocean, the trade-off between changing ecological and physiological costs of calcification and their benefits will ultimately decide how this important group is affected by ocean acidification and global warming. PMID:27453937

  7. [Shoulder calcifying tendinitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavert, P; Sirveaux, F

    2008-12-01

    Calcifying tendinitis is a frequent shoulder disease but the surgical treatment is still debatable. The authors of this symposium reviewed retrospectively 450 patients treated by arthroscopal excision for calcifying tendinitis. Imaging were used to assess the cuff status in every case. The minimum follow-up was five years except for subscapularis and infraspinatus calcification (minimum two years). At the same time, we led a prospective study evaluating the prevalence of the calcifications on 1276 asymptomatic shoulders. The prevalence of rotator cuff calcification was 7.3%, with a female predominance specially in the operated group. Calcifications have been found as well in patients more than 70 years old. The inter- and intraobserver agreement for the A-B-C classification was poor, specially to differentiate the type A and B calcifications. The long-term follow-up allows to prove that the calcifying tendinitis is temporary without any relation with rotator cuff rupture. Recurrence of the calcific deposit after complete disappearance was never observed and the rate of full thickness tears was 3.9% at an average of nine years follow-up (mean age 56 years). These findings allowed to conclude than cuff suture after removing the deposit is not mandatory. However, the preoperative cuff status had a significant influence on the functional results at follow-up. Preoperative associated partial tear of the cuff or a preoperative positive Jobe test affected significantly the results and increased the rate of full thickness tear at follow-up. The subscapularis calcifications were rare (6% of the calcifications) and were associated with further deposit on the cuff. Infraspinatus calcifications were more frequent (20%), mostly associated to over tendons calcifications. The arthroscopic treatment obtained good results independently from the calcification location but the surgical approach should be adapted. Functional results were lower after removing a type C calcification

  8. Cosmic Transmission of Periodontal, Cardiovascular and Kidney Disease via Nanobacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafar Kolahi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nanobacteria (NB are mysterious particles that have spurred one of the biggest controversies in modern micro-biology. NB has been reported to be present in animal and human blood, tissue culture cell lines, wastewater and etc. NB appear to cause or contribute to common diseases of the mankind e.g. periodontitis, formation of kidney stone, heart calcifications, coronary artery calcification, atherosclerotic plaque. Recent data on the far-ultraviolet extinction of starlight in our galaxy and in external galaxies is interpreted in terms of the widespread occurrence of organic particles of optical refractive index 1.4 and radii less than or equal to 20 nm. Such particles are candidates for NB such as recently been found in abundance on the Earth. Unbelievably nanobacteria-like rods observed at the surface of the Tataouine meteorite and Martian rock.The hypothesis: It seems logic to hypothesize that aliens from inner space, nanobacteria, can bring us new disease such as periodontal, cardiovascular and kidney diseases via space travels or meteorites or interstellar dusts.Evaluation of the hypothesis: The main criticism with this idea is how NB can keep alive during transfer among seriously life threatening condition in interstellar space. NB are generally thought to be very difficult to deactivation, exceptionally resistant to heat, are not deactivated by physical or chemical treatments including autoclaving, UV treatment, and various biocides. Health care providers, health policy makers and space agencies e.g. NASA and European Space Agency should make a concentrated effort to prevent transmission of NB especially following space travels.

  9. Odonto calcifying cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nalini Aswath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is reported to be associated with odontoma in 24% of cases. Separation of the cases of calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with odontoma (COCaO may lead to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this lesion. The literature revealed 52 cases of COCaO. The male to female ratio was 1:1.9, with a mean age of 16 years. Most common location was the maxilla (61.5%. The radiographic appearance of most cases (80.5% was a well-defined, mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion. Histologically, the lesions consisted of a single large cyst with tooth-like structures as an integral part, giving the impression of a single lesion. In addition to the unique histologic features, differences in gender and distribution were found between the cases of COCaO and those of simple COC. COCaO may be regarded as a separate entity and classified as a benign, mixed odontogenic tumor. The term odontocalcifying odontogenic cyst is suggested.

  10. Calcified retroperitoneal fibroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, G; Bertagni, A; Montesano, G; Soda, G; Baiocchini, A; Melis, M; Vietri, F

    1997-01-01

    A case of 31-year-old male with a retroperitoneal tumor is described. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a left para-aortic calcific mass, adjacent to the left lobe of the liver and to the upper pole of the left kidney. A CT-scan of the abdomen showed the mass to originate from the left adrenal gland. At operation, a large, retroperitoneal mass, adherent to the left kidney and the spleen, but not infiltrating, was excised. Histologically the tumor was diagnosed as a calcified osteo-producing fibroma. Benign retroperitoneal tumors represent about 25% of all retroperitoneal neoplasm. This reported case represents a retroperitoneal tumor of slow growth and benign clinical course whose characteristic consists of the heavy calcifications which are normally absent in a fibroma type mass.

  11. Intraosseous calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kler Shikha

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst was first reported by Gorlin et al . in 1962. It had been classified as a neoplasm related to the odontogenic apparatus because of its histological complexity and morphological diversity until it was renamed as a calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor by the WHO, in 2005. Here we describe a case of mandibular calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor in a 75-year-old male, which was present since five years, with a history of occurrence after the extraction of teeth in the involved region. The lesion was surgically removed and a histopathological examination revealed a cystic tumor with predominance of ghost cells and some amount of dentinoid tissue.

  12. 乳腺肿瘤微钙化与纳米细菌的关系%Relationship between Nanobacteria and Microcalcification in Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李涛; 潘晓燕; 陈海鸣; 张伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨纳米细菌在伴钙化和不伴钙化的乳腺恶性肿瘤与良性肿瘤患者血清与组织中的分布情况。方法将110例乳腺肿瘤患者根据良恶性及是否伴钙化分组。 A组30例恶性伴钙化,B组30例恶性无钙化,C组20例良性伴钙化,D组30例良性无钙化。 ELASA法测定各组患者血清中纳米细菌的感染情况,免疫组化法检测各组患者组织中纳米细菌的感染情况。结果 A、B、C、D各组血清中纳米细菌的感染率分别为73.3%,10.0%,5.0%,6.7%。 A、B、C、D各组组织中纳米细菌的感染率分别为93.3%,13.3%,5.0%,0.0%。 A组血清与组织中纳米细菌感染率与其他组相比,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论伴微钙化的乳腺癌患者血清和组织中纳米细菌感染率明显增高,提示纳米细菌可能和乳腺癌微钙化的形成相关。%Objective To explore the distribution of nanobacteria in serum and tissues of calcified and non calcified breast malignant tumors and breast benign tumors .Methods 110 patients with breast tumors were divided into 4 groups based on microcalcification and tumor types .Group A (n=30):cancer with microcalcification:Group B(n=30):cancer without microcal-cification:Group C ( n=30 ):benign tumor with microcalcification:Group D ( n=20 ):benign tumor without microcalcification . Nanobacteria in serum samples were detected by ELASA .Nanobacteria in tissue samples were detected by SABC immunohisto-chemistry (IHC).Results The nanobacterial infection rates in serum samples in Group A ,B,C and D were 73.3%,10.0%, 5.0%and 6.7%respectively.The nanobacterial infection rates in tissue samples in Group A ,B,C and D were 93.3%,13.3%, 5.0%and 0%respectively.Nanobacterial infection rates in serum and tissue samples in Group A and the rest groups had statisti -cal difference (P<0.01).Conclusion Breast cancer patients with microcalcification have a significantly

  13. Rare locations of calcifying tendinitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nidecker, A.; Hartweg, H.

    1983-12-01

    5 case-reports illustrate 2 rare locations of calcifying peritendinitis: The insertion of the deltoid tendon in the proximal humreus and the insertion of the gluteus maximus tendon in the femur. Knowledge of these insertion sites on one hand and the possibility of calcifying tendinitis at these sites on the other hand may allow proper diagnosis of certain shoulder- and hip joint pain syndromes and subsequent correct therapy.

  14. Putative nanobacteria represent physiological remnants and culture by-products of normal calcium homeostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, John D; Martel, Jan; Young, Lena; Wu, Cheng-Yeu; Young, Andrew; Young, David

    2009-01-01

    Putative living entities called nanobacteria (NB) are unusual for their small sizes (50-500 nm), pleomorphic nature, and accumulation of hydroxyapatite (HAP), and have been implicated in numerous diseases involving extraskeletal calcification. By adding precipitating ions to cell culture medium containing serum, mineral nanoparticles are generated that are morphologically and chemically identical to the so-called NB. These nanoparticles are shown here to be formed of amorphous mineral complexes containing calcium as well as other ions like carbonate, which then rapidly acquire phosphate, forming HAP. The main constituent proteins of serum-derived NB are albumin, fetuin-A, and apolipoprotein A1, but their involvement appears circumstantial since so-called NB from different body fluids harbor other proteins. Accordingly, by passage through various culture media, the protein composition of these particles can be modulated. Immunoblotting experiments reveal that antibodies deemed specific for NB react in fact with either albumin, fetuin-A, or both, indicating that previous studies using these reagents may have detected these serum proteins from the same as well as different species, with human tissue nanoparticles presumably absorbing bovine serum antigens from the culture medium. Both fetal bovine serum and human serum, used earlier by other investigators as sources of NB, paradoxically inhibit the formation of these entities, and this inhibition is trypsin-sensitive, indicating a role for proteins in this inhibitory process. Fetuin-A, and to a lesser degree albumin, inhibit nanoparticle formation, an inhibition that is overcome with time, ending with formation of the so-called NB. Together, these data demonstrate that NB are most likely formed by calcium or apatite crystallization inhibitors that are somehow overwhelmed by excess calcium or calcium phosphate found in culture medium or in body fluids, thereby becoming seeds for calcification. The structures described

  15. Putative nanobacteria represent physiological remnants and culture by-products of normal calcium homeostasis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D Young

    Full Text Available Putative living entities called nanobacteria (NB are unusual for their small sizes (50-500 nm, pleomorphic nature, and accumulation of hydroxyapatite (HAP, and have been implicated in numerous diseases involving extraskeletal calcification. By adding precipitating ions to cell culture medium containing serum, mineral nanoparticles are generated that are morphologically and chemically identical to the so-called NB. These nanoparticles are shown here to be formed of amorphous mineral complexes containing calcium as well as other ions like carbonate, which then rapidly acquire phosphate, forming HAP. The main constituent proteins of serum-derived NB are albumin, fetuin-A, and apolipoprotein A1, but their involvement appears circumstantial since so-called NB from different body fluids harbor other proteins. Accordingly, by passage through various culture media, the protein composition of these particles can be modulated. Immunoblotting experiments reveal that antibodies deemed specific for NB react in fact with either albumin, fetuin-A, or both, indicating that previous studies using these reagents may have detected these serum proteins from the same as well as different species, with human tissue nanoparticles presumably absorbing bovine serum antigens from the culture medium. Both fetal bovine serum and human serum, used earlier by other investigators as sources of NB, paradoxically inhibit the formation of these entities, and this inhibition is trypsin-sensitive, indicating a role for proteins in this inhibitory process. Fetuin-A, and to a lesser degree albumin, inhibit nanoparticle formation, an inhibition that is overcome with time, ending with formation of the so-called NB. Together, these data demonstrate that NB are most likely formed by calcium or apatite crystallization inhibitors that are somehow overwhelmed by excess calcium or calcium phosphate found in culture medium or in body fluids, thereby becoming seeds for calcification. The

  16. Study on nanobacteria%纳米细菌研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利民; 沈文律; 张士莲

    2005-01-01

    纳米细菌(nanobacteria,Nb)是近年来才被发现的超微细菌.纳米细菌体积极其微小,其最小直径仅50 nm,大大低于理论上细菌体积的下限.因此纳米细菌在被发现的初期,其存在的真实性就受到许多学者的质疑,并且由此引发了一场关于微生物最小体积的争论.随着研究的不断深入,纳米细菌的生物学特性不断地被揭示,纳米细菌已经成为当前研究的一个热点问题.在医学界,纳米细菌被认为与肾结石、胆囊结石、动脉粥样硬化等病理性钙化疾病的发生有关系.本文在复习大量文献的基础上,针对纳米细菌的生物学特性以及纳米细菌与人类疾病等方面作一简单的回顾与总结.

  17. A pigmented calcifying odontogenic cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soames, J V

    1982-04-01

    A case of the pigmented variant of the calcifying odontogenic cyst occurring in a 15-year-old West Indian girl is reported. Melanin pigment was widely distributed and appeared in greatest amount in cells exhibiting the appearance of stellate reticulum. Ultrastructural examination demonstrated large numbers of melanosomes in these cells but relatively few in epithelial ghost cells. The latter contained thick bundles of tonofilaments. Melanocytes were identified and two forms were distinguished, depending on their content of premelanosomes and fully melanized melanosomes.

  18. Role of nanobacteria in the pathogenesis of kidney stone formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Xin; Wang, Xiaofeng; Wang, Tian; Yu, Chengfan; Li, Hui

    2016-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to investigate the nanobacteria (NB) induced damage to human tubular epithelial HK-2 cells and the potential role of NB in the kidney stone formation. Methods: Serum sample from 15 patients with kidney stone was collected. Four groups were included: control, NB group, nanograde hydroxyapatite (nHAP) and calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) group. Catalase (CAT), malonaldehyde (MDA) and Na+/K+ ATPase activity was detected in the supernatant at 12 and 24 h. At 12 and 24 h, COM was added. Results: At 12 h and 24 h, the CAT in NB group was significantly higher than in control group and nHAP group (P<0.01). CAT at 24 h was significantly higher than in COM group (P<0.01). At 12 h and 24 h, the MDA in NB group was significantly higher than in control group and nHAP group (P<0.01) and significantly lower than in COM group (P<0.01). At 12 h, the Na+/K+ ATPase activity in NB group and nHAP group was significantly lower than in control group, but dramatically increased as compared to COM group (P<0.01). At 24 h, the Na+/K+ ATPase activity in NB group and nHAP group was significantly lower than in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: NB may induce lipid peroxidation in HK-2 cells and cause adhesion of HK-2 cells to COM in a time-dependent manner, resulting in damage to HK-2 cells. This injury-causing capability of NB is more potent than nHAP and might be involved in the pathogenesis of kidney stone formation. PMID:27508044

  19. Nanobacteria-like calcite single crystals at the surface of the Tataouine meteorite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzerara, Karim; Menguy, Nicolas; Guyot, Francois; Dominici, Christian; Gillet, Philippe

    2003-06-24

    Nanobacteria-like objects evidenced at the surface of the orthopyroxenes of the Tataouine meteorite in South Tunisia have been studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopies. A method of micromanipulation has been developed to ensure that exactly the same objects were studied by both methods. We have shown that the nanobacteria-like objects are spatially correlated with filaments of microorganisms that colonized the surface of the meteoritic pyroxene during its 70 years of residence in the aridic Tataouine soil. Depressions of a few micrometers in depth are observed in the pyroxene below the carbonates, indicating preferential dissolution of the pyroxene and calcite precipitation at these locations. The nanobacteria-like small rods that constitute calcium carbonate rosettes are well crystallized calcite single crystals surrounded by a thin amorphous layer of carbonate composition that smoothes the crystal edges and induces rounded shapes. Those morphologies are unusual for calcite single crystals observed in natural samples. A survey of recent literature suggests that the intervention of organic compounds derived from biological activity is likely in their formation.

  20. Disease Centered Around Calcified Taenia solium Granuloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, Theodore E; Bustos, Javier A; Garcia, Hector H

    2017-01-01

    Taenia solium (the pork tapeworm) is present in most developing countries, where it is a frequent cause of seizures and other neurological disease. Parasitic larvae invade the human brain, establish, and eventually resolve, leaving a calcified scar. While these lesions are common in endemic regions, and most of these are clinically silent, a proportion of individuals with calcified cysticerci develop seizures from these lesions, and 30-65% of these cases are associated with perilesional edema (PE), likely due to host inflammation. This manuscript summarizes the importance, characteristics, natural history, and potential prevention and treatments of symptomatic calcified neurocysticercosis (NCC).

  1. Calcifying tendinitis of the gluteus maximus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomason, H C; Bos, G D; Renner, J B

    2001-10-01

    A case of calcifying tendinitis of the insertion of the gluteus maximus tendon is presented. Plain-film roentgenograms showed amorphous calcific densities extending from the posterior border of the femur. Computed tomography showed cortical erosion associated with the calcified mass. The patient responded well to needle lavage and injection with local anesthesia and corticosteroids. Fifteen-month follow-up roentgenograms showed resolution of the calcification. Recognition of this entity may make a workup and a biopsy unnecessary.

  2. Study on calcifying treatments of hydroxyapatite (HAp) using calcifying promotion solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakaki, Moriaki; Yazaki, Syungo; Sunada, Yoshikazu

    2009-02-01

    Apatite is expected to be a useful material for artificial bones in surgery and artificial dental roots in dentistry. In particular, studies have recently been conducted into the reconstruction of teeth using Hydroxyapatite (HAp), and several supplements such as gum have become popular for keeping teeth in good condition. However, the decalcifying and calcifying processes are still not well understood. The aim of this research is to study the decalcifying and calcifying mechanisms of HAp. Specifically, the calcifying treatments were carried out on sintered pellets of HAp without pores using Phosphate Acid Maltodextrin (PMD) and Xylitol calcifying promotion agents. A natural calcifying liquid which simulates the situation within a human mouth was used as a reference. SEM, EDX, X-ray, IR and Raman measurements were used for the characterization of structures, morphologies, formed elements and physical properties. It was confirmed that a precursor material OCP was grown on the HAp pellet by the calcification treatment using each promotion agent.

  3. Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma of the distal phalanx.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonauer, Fabrizio; Avvedimento, Stefano; Molea, Guido

    2013-02-01

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare benign soft tissue tumor that primarily occurs on the distal portion of the extremities of children and adolescents. It appears like a firm, painless and slowly growing mass with high local recurrence rates. The lesion has characteristic histological features with areas of proliferative plumps of fibroblasts, chondrocytes and foci of calcification. We present a case of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma of the sub-ungual area of the index finger distal phalanx with bone erosion, surgically treated. A 2 year follow up showed satisfactory functional result and no evidence of recurrence.

  4. Ultrasonographic evaluation of canine supraspinatus calcifying tendinosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mistieri, Maria Ligia A; Wigger, Antje; Canola, Julio C; Filho, João G P; Kramer, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Supraspinatus calcifying tendinosis is an uncommon finding in dogs. Although its radiographic appearance has been described previously, radiographs alone do not provide detailed information about the tendon parenchyma. Tendon ultrasonography has been widely applied for the diagnosis of human tendinosis, but it remains underused in dogs. This article reviews the ultrasonographic technique and variable appearance of canine supraspinatus calcifying tendinosis observed in 33 tendons. The ultrasonographic findings are described. The most common ultrasonographic finding was a hyperechoic area accompanied by distal acoustic shadowing. No relationship with bicipital tenosynovitis was found. A color Doppler examination was possible in only five of the tendons, revealing no blood flow in those tendons. There was evidence that the presence of a hypoechoic area surrounding the calcification was related to clinical signs of pain, suggesting an active inflammatory process. Ultrasonography was an excellent technique to evaluate lesions of the supraspinatus tendon and it revealed details not apparent on radiographs.

  5. Two cases report of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do; Lee, Wan; Paeng, Jun Young; Lee, Jun; Choi, Moon Ki [School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Wonkwang Dental Research Institute, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of); Son, Hyun Jin [Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a rare disorder of the jaws and shows various radiographic features. The purpose of this study is to describe the different radiographic appearances of 2 cases of COC. Case 1 was located in the posterior maxilla extending into maxillary sinus, showing unilocular radiolucency with a well-defined margin. Cortical bone expansion and thinning were prominent. Root resorption of adjacent teeth was apparent. Case 2 showed unilocular radiolucency with a calcified material. Calcification was supposed to be dystrophic dental hard structures, detected at the periphery of the lesion. Ghost cell and proliferation of ameloblastoma-like tissues were common features for these two lesions on histopathological findings. This reports presented common and atypical radiographic features of the COC.

  6. Nodular calcified neurocysticercosis with signs of reactivation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coeli, Gustavo Nunes Medina; Tiengo, Rodrigo Ribeiro; Silva, Guilherme Carlos da; Silva, Leandro Urquiza Marques Alves da, E-mail: gustavonmc@yahoo.com.br [Department of Radiology and Imaging Diagnosis, Hospital Escola de Itajuba, MG (Brazil); Silva, Afonso Carlos da [Medical Practice, Hospital Escola de Itajuba, MG (Brazil); Fernandes, Jose Otavio Meyer [Clinica Sul Mineira Tomosul and Clinica Magsul, Itajuba, MG (Brazil)

    2012-09-15

    Neurocysticercosis is a disease characterized by the involvement of the central nervous system by the intermediate larval stage of the parasite Taenia solium. The larva degeneration process and the inflammatory reaction of the body cause clinical symptoms. The authors report a case of clinical and radiological reactivation of nodular calcified neurocysticercosis in a patient who was asymptomatic for more than 20 years. Antiparasitic treatment showed a good response (author)

  7. Calcifying tendinopathy of the biceps brachii in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muir, P; Goldsmid, S E; Rothwell, T L; Bellenger, C R

    1992-12-01

    Calcifying tendinopathy of the biceps brachii was associated with lameness in a 1.5-year-old Rottweiler. Lameness was relieved by excision of the calcified mass and suture repair of the partially ruptured tendon. Calcifying tendinopathy is not well described in dogs, but it is a recognized clinical syndrome in human beings. The etiopathogenesis of the condition in human beings and dogs is poorly understood. Wider recognition of calcifying tendinopathy in dogs should lead to a better understanding of the disease and development of appropriate clinical treatments.

  8. Calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff with cortical bone erosion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Roxanne; Kim, David H; Millett, Peter J; Weissman, Barbara N

    2004-10-01

    Calcifying tendinitis occurs most commonly in the rotator cuff tendons, particularly involving the supraspinatus tendon insertion, and is often asymptomatic. Cortical erosion secondary to calcifying tendinitis has been reported in multiple locations, including in the rotator cuff tendons. We present a pathologically proven case of symptomatic calcifying tendinitis involving the infraspinatus tendon with cortical erosion with correlative radiographic, CT, and MR findings. The importance of considering this diagnosis when evaluating lytic lesions of the humerus and the imaging differential diagnosis of calcifying tendinitis and cortical erosion are discussed.

  9. Calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff with cortical bone erosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chan, Roxanne; Kim, David H.; Millett, Peter J. [Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Weissman, Barbara N. [Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Musculoskeletal Division, Boston (United States)

    2004-10-01

    Calcifying tendinitis occurs most commonly in the rotator cuff tendons, particularly involving the supraspinatus tendon insertion, and is often asymptomatic. Cortical erosion secondary to calcifying tendinitis has been reported in multiple locations, including in the rotator cuff tendons. We present a pathologically proven case of symptomatic calcifying tendinitis involving the infraspinatus tendon with cortical erosion with correlative radiographic, CT, and MR findings. The importance of considering this diagnosis when evaluating lytic lesions of the humerus and the imaging differential diagnosis of calcifying tendinitis and cortical erosion are discussed. (orig.)

  10. A Preliminary Analysis of Calcifying Particles in the Serum and Prostates of Patients with Prostatic Inflammation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jeffrey A.; Carlson, Grant; Kajander, E. Olavi; Warmflash, David; Taylor, Karen; Ayala, Gustavo; Shoskes, Daniel; Everett, Meg; Feedback, Dan; Ciftcioglu, Neva

    2006-01-01

    Chronic diseases of the prostate such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) & chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) have associated findings of chronic inflammation, despite a lack of causal relationship. Numerous attempts to define an infectious agent responsible for the clinical findings have been inconsistent. The possibility of an infectious agent, that has not been uncovered with routine culturing methods, forms the basis for this study. Serum from 940 healthy Finnish men were compared with serum from 40 Crohn's, 40 path dx prostatitis, & 40 with path dx carcinoma, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA), to detect antigens specific to Nanobacteria(NB) utilizing monoclonal antibodies (Ab) 5/3 and 8D10. This ELISA has not been validated for detecting NB-associated with clinical prostatic disease, yet cross-reactivity with other bacterial species is low. Immunohistochemistry was performed on de-paraffinized prostatic tissue slides, de-calcified with EDTA and stained with the DAKO Catalyzed Signal Amplification kit, employing 8D10 as the primary (target/antigen-detecting) Ab. The mean (plus or minus SD) & median concentrations of NB antigen (U/50 L) were 379.59 (plus or minus 219.28) & 640.00 for patients with prostatitis (BPH) vs 3.31 (plus or minus 3.55) & 2.94 for prostate adenocarcinoma, 1.88 (plus or minus 2.94) & 0.80 for Crohn's disease, & 7.43 (plus or minus 25.57) & 0.00 for patients with no clinical prostatic disease. Unpaired t-tests revealed statistically significant differences between the prostatitis (BPH) sera & each of the other groups with p less than 0.005, but no differences between the other groups themselves. Preliminary studies with immunohistochemistry & 3-D confocal microscopy reveal 16/24 tissue sections + for NB Ag in BPH vs. only 2/22 tissue sections with prostate cancer. The preliminary findings of this serum screening study suggest that NB antigen may be commonly found in the serum of patients with the pathological diagnosis

  11. Calcifying species sensitivity distributions for ocean acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevedo, Ligia B; De Schryver, An M; Hendriks, A Jan; Huijbregts, Mark A J

    2015-02-01

    Increasing CO2 atmospheric levels lead to increasing ocean acidification, thereby enhancing calcium carbonate dissolution of calcifying species. We gathered peer-reviewed experimental data on the effects of acidified seawater on calcifying species growth, reproduction, and survival. The data were used to derive species-specific median effective concentrations, i.e., pH50, and pH10, via logistic regression. Subsequently, we developed species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) to assess the potentially affected fraction (PAF) of species exposed to pH declines. Effects on species growth were observed at higher pH than those on species reproduction (mean pH10 was 7.73 vs 7.63 and mean pH50 was 7.28 vs 7.11 for the two life processes, respectively) and the variability in the sensitivity of species increased with increasing number of species available for the PAF (pH10 standard deviation was 0.20, 0.21, and 0.33 for survival, reproduction, and growth, respectively). The SSDs were then applied to two climate change scenarios to estimate the increase in PAF (ΔPAF) by future ocean acidification. In a high CO2 emission scenario, ΔPAF was 3 to 10% (for pH50) and 21 to 32% (for pH10). In a low emission scenario, ΔPAF was 1 to 4% (for pH50) and 7 to 12% (for pH10). Our SSDs developed for the effect of decreasing ocean pH on calcifying marine species assemblages can also be used for comparison with other environmental stressors.

  12. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Neeraj; Sahai, Sharad; Singh, Sourav; Singh, Smita

    2011-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare entity and represents less than 1% of all odontogenic tumors. Dr. J J Pindborg (1958) first described four cases of this unusual lesion; subsequently Shafer et al coined the term Pindborg tumor. This lesion is a locally aggressive benign odontogenic neoplasm arising from epithelial tissue. It occurs most commonly in 4th-5th-6th decade of life and bears no gender predilection. A case of CEOT in a 50-year-old male arising in the left body region is described. PMID:22639521

  13. Calcified trichinosis of pectoral muscle: mammographic appearance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apesteguia, L. [Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona (Spain); Murillo, A. [Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona (Spain); Biurrun, J. [Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona (Spain); Garcia-Rostan, G. [Servicio Anatomia Patologica, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona (Spain); Reta, A. [Servicio de Analisis Clinicos, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona (Spain); Dominguez, F. [Servicio Cirugia, Hospital Virgen del Camino, Pamplona (Spain)

    1995-12-31

    By mammographic screening we had detected six asymptomatic women who showed numerious tiny and well-delineated round to ovoid microcalcification superimposed on pectoral shadows, in the oblique medio-lateral (OML) view. Our objective was to achieve a better evaluation of these calcifications and investigate their origin. Magnified mammograms of pectoral muscles were done in the six women. A questionnaire concerning the patients` diets was also administered. Trichinella antibody titres were quantified by sero-agglutination. Microcalcifications within pectoral muscle fibres were demonstrated in all the cases. Five women admitted to having eaten home-made pork products in the past. One of them showed a slightly elevated antibody titre. We confirmed the suspected diagnosis of calcified trichinosis by a surgical biopsy of the pectoral muscle performed on one of the patients. We conclude that chronic calcified trichinosis of the pectoral muscle can be visualised in the OML view of a conventional mammogram. The mammographic appearance of this entity is very characteristic and biopsy would not be required for its diagnosis in the future. (orig.)

  14. [Calcified aortic valve disease: association with atherosclerosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toro, Rocío; Mangas, Alipio; Gómez, Francisco

    2011-05-14

    Calcified aortic valve disease (CAVD) is a prevalent condition, affecting 25% of people older than 65 years. CAVD and atherosclerosis share common risk factors and pathogenic mechanisms. Nevertheless, they present different pathologic lesions. The main factors involved in the pathogenesis of CAVD are genetic predisposition, the process of valvular calcification, deposition of lipoproteins, and chronic inflammation. Studies have suggested a potential benefit from early treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-II receptor blockers, and particularly with statins. Observational studies on risk factors for the CAVD, and randomized clinical trials on primary and secondary prevention in subjects with high risk for the disease, would be necessary to improve the clinical management of CAVD.

  15. Ameloblastomatous Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst: A Rare Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shojaei

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is a unique and uncommon odontogenic cyst classified into four groups of cystic, odontoma producing, ameloblastomatous proliferating and neoplastic ones. Case Presentation A 34-year-old Iranian man complaining of a painless facial and palatal swelling of the left side of the maxilla persisted for approximately three years was referred to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Hamadan University, Iran. Panoramic film revealed a well-defined multilocular mixed radiolucent and radioopaque lesion of the maxilla at the left side. An incisional biopsy was obtained. Based on the histopathologic findings, ameloblastomatous COC was diagnosed. Discussion We reported a rare case of COC. According to Praetorius et al. classification, this patient comes under the category of type 1C (ameloblastomatous proliferating. Many patients with ameloblastomatous COC should be reported to understand its biological behavior as possible.

  16. Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma: Case report with radiographic and MR features

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ok Hwa; Kim, Yeon Mee [Inje University College of Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-02-15

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare, benign fibroblastic tumor. The lesion has a propensity for local invasion and a high recurrent rate. Therefore, accurate preoperative diagnosis and complete excision are important to prevent the recurrence of the tumor after surgical removal. However, radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma have been extremely rarely described in the radiology literature. Thus, we report a rare case of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma affecting the dorsal wrist in a 67-year-old man, describe radiographic and MR findings, and discuss the differential diagnosis of the tumor.

  17. Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma: case report with radiographic and MR features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ok Hwa; Kim, Yeon Mee

    2014-01-01

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare, benign fibroblastic tumor. The lesion has a propensity for local invasion and a high recurrent rate. Therefore, accurate preoperative diagnosis and complete excision are important to prevent the recurrence of the tumor after surgical removal. However, radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma have been extremely rarely described in the radiology literature. Thus, we report a rare case of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma affecting the dorsal wrist in a 67-year-old man, describe radiographic and MR findings, and discuss the differential diagnosis of the tumor.

  18. A potential cause for kidney stone formation during space flights: enhanced growth of nanobacteria in microgravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciftcioglu, Neva; Haddad, Ruwaida S.; Golden, D. C.; Morrison, Dennis R.; McKay, David S.

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Although some information is available regarding the cellular/molecular changes in immune system exposed to microgravity, little is known about the reasons of the increase in the kidney stone formation in astronauts during and/or after long duration missions at zero gravity (0 g). In our earlier studies, we have assessed a unique agent, nanobacteria (NB), in kidney stones and hypothesized that NB have an active role in calcium phosphate-carbonate deposition in kidney. In this research we studied effect of microgravity on multiplication and calcification of NB in vitro. METHODS: We examined NB cultures in High Aspect Rotating Vessels (HARVs) designed at the NASA's Johnson Space Center, which are designed to stimulate some aspects of microgravity. Multiplication rate and calcium phosphate composition of those NB were compared with NB cultured on stationary and shaker flasks. Collected aliquots of the cultures from different incubation periods were analyzed using spectrophotometer, SEM, TEM, EDX, and x-ray diffraction techniques. RESULTS: The results showed that NB multiplied 4.6x faster in HARVs compared to stationary cultures, and 3.2x faster than shaker flask conditions. X-ray diffraction and EDX analysis showed that the degree of apatite crystal formation and the properties of the apatite depend on the specific culture conditions used. CONCLUSION: We now report an increased multiplication rate of NB in microgravity-simulated conditions. Thus, NB infection may have a potential role in kidney stone formation in crew members during space flights. For further proof to this hypothesis, screening of the NB antigen and antibody level in flight crew before and after flight would be necessary.

  19. Food supply confers calcifiers resistance to ocean acidification

    KAUST Repository

    Ramajo, Laura

    2016-01-18

    Invasion of ocean surface waters by anthropogenic CO2 emitted to the atmosphere is expected to reduce surface seawater pH to 7.8 by the end of this century compromising marine calcifiers. A broad range of biological and mineralogical mechanisms allow marine calcifiers to cope with ocean acidification, however these mechanisms are energetically demanding which affect other biological processes (trade-offs) with important implications for the resilience of the organisms against stressful conditions. Hence, food availability may play a critical role in determining the resistance of calcifiers to OA. Here we show, based on a meta-analysis of existing experimental results assessing the role of food supply in the response of organisms to OA, that food supply consistently confers calcifiers resistance to ocean acidification.

  20. Differential diagnosis between calcified pleural adhesion and persistent pleural exudate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shmitt, V.G.; Frommkhol' d, V.; Khyubener, K.N. (Tuebingen Univ. (Germany, F.R.))

    It is shown that pleural residual cavities with calcified walls are perfectly diagnosed by means of standard and sighting pictures in radioscopy and computerized tomography. At the analysis of 3000 roentgenograms of lungs in 75 cases pleura calcifications have been found. Computerized tomography permits to receive an exact idea of the content of cavities and tissue located between the calcified parietal pleura and internal thoracic wall as well as avoid diagnostic pleurocentesis.

  1. MR imaging of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma of the thigh

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwak Hyo-Sung [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Univ. MedicalSchool, Chonbuk (Korea); Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The Armed Forces Kyae Ryong Dae District Hospital, Post Office Box No. 37, Bunam-ri, Dooma-myun, Nonsan-city, Chungnam, 320-919 South Korea (Korea); Lee Sang-Yong [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Univ. MedicalSchool, Chonbuk (Korea); Kim Jung-Ryul; Lee Kwang-Bok [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School, South Korea, Chonbuk (Korea)

    2004-05-01

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare, benign soft-tissue proliferation that occurs in the distal extremities in children. Because this lesion has a tendency to recur after surgical resection, MR imaging to determine the extent of the tumor for surgical planning is optimal. We report the MR findings in a 4-year-old boy with a calcifying aponeurotic fibroma of the thigh. (orig.)

  2. Effects of sirolimus-eluting stent on calcified coronary lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jian-jun; WU Yong-jian; YUAN Jin-qing; CHEN Jue; YOU Shi-jie; DAI Jun; XIA Ran; GAO Run-lin; XU Bo; YANG Yue-jin; CHEN Ji-lin; QIAO Shu-bing; MA Wei-hua; QIN Xue-wen; YAO Min; LIU Hai-bo

    2008-01-01

    Background Calcified coronary lesions carry the risk of suboptimal stent expansion, subsequently leading to restenosis. The effectiveness of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) for the treatment of calcified lesion has not been fully investigated. In the present study, therefore, we evaluated the effectiveness of SES Implantation for the treatment of calcified coronary lesions.Mothods A total of 333 consecutive patients with 453 lesions were enrolled in this study. They were divided into two groups according to whether the lesion treated with SES was calcified or not; no calcification group (n=264) and calcification group (n=189). Lesions treated with SES were subjected to quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) immediately and 8 months following stenting.Results Baseline clinical, demographic or angiographic characteristics were well balanced in both groups. Angiographic follow-up at 8 months, the in-stent restenosis and in-segment restenosis rates were not significantly different between the two groups; in-stent restenosis: 3.8% vs 4.2%; P=0.081; in-segment restenosis: 8.7% vs 10.6%, P=0.503. The target lesion revascularization (TLR) was also not significantly different between the two groups; 4.9% vs 6.9%, P=0.378. In addition, the in-stent late loss was similar in both groups; (0.16±0.40) mm vs (0.17±0.33) mm, P>0.05. Meantime, overall thrombosis rates were also similar in both groups; 1.6% vs 1.6%, P>0.05.Conclusion Although calcified coronary lesion was hard to stent, successful percutaneous coronary intervention with SES stenting for calcified lesions was conferred by the similar favorable results that were seen when comparing non-calcified and calcified coronary lesions.

  3. Multiple calcifying hyperplastic dental follicles: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aydin, Ulkem [Dept. of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Baskent University Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara (Turkey); Baykul, Timucin [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Dentistry, Isparta (Turkey); Yildirim, Benay [Dept. of Oral Pathology, Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara (Turkey); Yildirim, Derya; Bozdemir, Esin [Dept. of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Dentistry, Isparta (Turkey); Karaduman, Ayse [Atlas Dent Dental Health Center, Aydin (Turkey)

    2013-12-15

    This report describes a 31-year-old female patient with six impacted teeth. The crowns of the impacted teeth were surrounded with cyst-like lesions with a mixed internal structure and well-defined cortical borders. Microscopic examination of the specimen obtained from the follicle of the left mandibular third molar tooth revealed loose to moderately dense collagenous connective tissue with abundant calcified material and sparse epithelial islands. A diagnosis of multiple calcifying hyperplastic dental follicles was made.

  4. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic cyst of the mandible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel R Figueiredo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying epithelial odontogenic cyst (CEOC is a developmental odontogenic cyst, which was first categorized as a distinct entity by Gorlin in 1962. It is an unusual and unique lesion, which may show characteristics of both a solid neoplasm and a cyst. It usually occurs as an intra-osseous lesion but may occasionally occur as an extra-osseous or peripheral variant. It shows a nearly equal distribution between the maxilla and mandible and is commonly seen anterior to the first molar. The clinical and radiographic features of this lesion are not pathognomonic, and it is characterized by its histological diversity, with the most characteristic feature being the presence of a variable number of ghost cells within the epithelial component. Treatment is conservative with surgical enucleation, and recurrences are rare. This report describes a case of CEOC in association with an impacted mandibular first premolar, which was diagnosed in a 13-year-old female patient, along with a review of the literature.

  5. Exact focusing of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for calcifying tendinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haake, Michael; Deike, Barbara; Thon, Alexander; Schmitt, Jan

    2002-04-01

    A controlled prospective randomized study was designed to analyze the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on calcifying tendinopathy of the shoulder focused on the calcified area or the origin of the supraspinatus tendon. Fifty patients were included in the study and were treated with a Storz Minilith Sl-1 shock wave generator. The first group of patients received 4000 impulses (positive energy flux density, 0.78 mJ/mm2) in two treatment sessions after receiving local anesthesia at the origin of the supraspinatus tendon. Patients in the second group received extracorporeal shock wave therapy at the calcified area. Follow-ups were done 12 weeks and 1 year after treatment by an independent observer. An increase of function and a reduction of pain occurred in both groups. Statistical analyses showed a significant superiority of extracorporeal shock wave application at the calcified area in the primary end point (Constant and Murley score). Therefore, exact fluoroscopic focusing of extracorporeal shock wave therapy at the calcific deposit for treatment of calcifying tendinopathy of the supraspinatus muscle is recommended. Based on these results, extracorporeal shock wave application should be focused fluoroscopically with appropriate shock wave generators.

  6. Ameloblastomatous calcifying odontogenic cyst: A rare histologic variant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basavaraj N Kallalli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ameloblastoma is a well-known odontogenic tumor that can be associated with calcifying odontogenic cysts (COCs, but only a few reports give its clinical and radiographic features. Calcifying odontogenic cyst was first categorized as a distinct entity by Gorlin et al., and has been named after him since then. Calcifying odontogenic cyst is an uncommon developmental odontogenic lesion that demonstrates histopathologic diversity. It is well known that this lesion can occur in association with odontogenic tumors such as complex odontoma and ameloblastoma. The term COC was not included by the World Health Organization (WHO in its report of 2005 and is called calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT. Histopathologic examination of ameloblastomatous CCOT reveals ameloblastic islands containing ghost cells. Although association of ameloblastoma with this lesion is important, only a few cases have been reported in literature. The present case report is of ameloblastomatous calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, a rare histologic variant, in a 20-year-old male patient in the left mandibular posterior region.

  7. 108例纳米细菌感染致Ⅲ型前列腺炎的诊断和治疗%Diagnosis and treatment of type Ⅲ prostatitis induced by inflammation of nanobacteria in 108 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁宇峰; 唐吉元; 沈学成; 周占松

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究纳米细菌所致的Ⅲ型前列腺炎的综合治疗方案并探讨其作用机制.方法 对108例纳米细菌所致的Ⅲ型前列腺炎患者进行抗纳米细菌治疗(主要由四环素加EDTA等药物组成).动态观察治疗前后的前列腺液纳米细菌鉴定、前列腺液常规及NIH-CPSI评分.结果 经过为期3个月的治疗,患者的纳米细菌阳性率、前列腺液卵磷脂小体及NIH-CPSI评分均较治疗前有明显改善.结论 四环素加EDTA等药物对于纳米细菌感染的Ⅲ型前列腺炎安全有效.其机制可能与EDTA先溶解纳米细菌的钙化壳,再发挥四环素的穿透杀菌作用有关.%Objective To research into the diagnosis and treatment of type Ⅲ prostatitis induced by inflammation of nanobacteria ( NB)in 108 cases. Methods A total of 108 patients with type Ⅲ prostatitis induced by NB were treated with anti-nanobacterial therapy which consists of tetracycline and EDTA( ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid) . The identification of NB from prostatic fluid,indexes of expressed prostatic secretions ( EPS) and NIH-CPSI ( national institutes of health-chronic prostatitis symptom index) scores were observed at the beginning and ending of the therapy. Results The positive rate of NB from prostatic fluid,NIH-CPSI scores and lecithine of prostates were improved significantly after the treatment for three months. Conclusion Anti-nanobacterial therapy has desirable effect on type Ⅲ prostatitis induced by NB. Its mechanism may be related with the dissolution effect of EDTA on calcified shells of NB and bactericidal action of tetracycline.

  8. Progression from calcifying tendinitis to rotator cuff tear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gotoh, Masafumi; Higuchi, Fujio; Suzuki, Ritsu; Yamanaka, Kensuke

    2003-02-01

    This report documents the clinical, radiographic and histologic findings in a 46-year-old man with calcifying tendinitis in his left shoulder which progressed to rotator cuff tear. The patient had a 1-year history of repeated calcifying tendinitis before being referred to our hospital. On the initial visit, radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed calcium deposition localized in the supraspinatus tendon without apparent tear. Three months after the first visit, MRI revealed a partial-thickness rotator cuff tear at the site of calcium deposition. Surgical and histologic findings demonstrated that calcium deposition was the cause of cuff rupture. To our knowledge, based on a review of the English literature, this is the first case report in which the progression from calcifying tendinitis to rotator cuff tear has been serially observed.

  9. Progression from calcifying tendinitis to rotator cuff tear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gotoh, Masafumi; Higuchi, Fujio; Suzuki, Ritsu; Yamanaka, Kensuke [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical Center of Kurume University, 155-1 Kokubu-machi, Kurume City, Fukuoka 839-0862 (Japan)

    2003-02-01

    This report documents the clinical, radiographic and histologic findings in a 46-year-old man with calcifying tendinitis in his left shoulder which progressed to rotator cuff tear. The patient had a 1-year history of repeated calcifying tendinitis before being referred to our hospital. On the initial visit, radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed calcium deposition localized in the supraspinatus tendon without apparent tear. Three months after the first visit, MRI revealed a partial-thickness rotator cuff tear at the site of calcium deposition. Surgical and histologic findings demonstrated that calcium deposition was the cause of cuff rupture. To our knowledge, based on a review of the English literature, this is the first case report in which the progression from calcifying tendinitis to rotator cuff tear has been serially observed. (orig.)

  10. Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst Associated with an Impacted Upper Cuspid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Suk Ja; Lee, Young Seo; Yi, Jae Seo [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-09-15

    A 35-year-old man was referred to the department of Oral and maxillofacial surgery of Chonnam university hospital for the chief complaint of asymptomatic swelling on the buccal vestibule of upper right canine area. Radiographs revealed that the upper right canine was impacted and there was a well-circumscribed pericoronal radiolucency related with the canine. Multiple radiopaque foci were scattered in the radiolucent lesion, and the roots of the lateral incisor and the first premolar related to the lesion showed external resorption. The radiographic features of this lesion were typical of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, but considering the sex and age of the patient, the tentative diagnosis was made as calcifying odontogenic cyst. Microscopically this lesion was diagnosed as calcifying odontogenic cyst. Because calcifying odontogenic cyst has no pathognomonic feature of radiographs, to consider radiographic features with clinical findings is necessary in order to establish more correct diagnosis.

  11. Calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder: advances in imaging and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosens, Taco; Hofstee, Dirk-Jan

    2009-04-01

    Calcifying tendonitis of the shoulder is a common, acute or chronic, painful disorder characterized by calcifications in the rotator cuff tendons. A natural cycle exists during which the tendon repairs itself. In chronic calcific tendonitis, however, this cycle is blocked at one of the healing stages. Because chronic presentation with exacerbations is usual, initial treatment should be conservative, including rest, physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and, in later stages, subacromial infiltration with corticosteroids. Surgery is recommended when conservative treatment fails. This article discusses advances in imaging and medical, physical, and surgical management, as well as current evidence for the treatment of calcifying tendonitis of the shoulder.

  12. Calcified abdominal pregnancy with eighteen years of evolution: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Passini Júnior

    2000-11-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: The lithopedion (calcified abdominal pregnancy is a rare phenomenon and there are less than 300 cases reported in the medical literature. CASE REPORT: In this case, a 40 year-old patient had had her only pregnancy 18 years earlier, without medical assistance since then. She came to our hospital with pain and tumoral mass of approximately 20 centimeters in diameter. Complementary examinations (abdominal X-ray, ultrasonography and computerized tomography demonstrated an extra-uterine abdominal 31-week pregnancy with calcification areas. Exploratory laparotomy was performed, with extirpation of a well-conserved fetus with partially calcified ovular membranes.

  13. Severely calcified leiomyoma of broad ligament in a postmenopausal woman: Report of a rare case

    OpenAIRE

    Subrata Pal; Sajeeb Mondal; Palash Kr Mondal; Gargi Raychaudhuri; Rajashree Pradhan; Suparna Banerjee

    2016-01-01

    Calcified broad ligament leiomyoma is a rare benign lesion in postmenopausal age group. It causes diagnostic confusion with solid calcified adnexal mass and large bladder calculi at the pelvic region. Clinical and radiological diagnoses were confirmed by histopathology of the hysterectomy specimen. We hereby present a case of heavily calcified broad ligament fibroid in a postmenopausal woman.

  14. Severely calcified leiomyoma of broad ligament in a postmenopausal woman: Report of a rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subrata Pal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcified broad ligament leiomyoma is a rare benign lesion in postmenopausal age group. It causes diagnostic confusion with solid calcified adnexal mass and large bladder calculi at the pelvic region. Clinical and radiological diagnoses were confirmed by histopathology of the hysterectomy specimen. We hereby present a case of heavily calcified broad ligament fibroid in a postmenopausal woman.

  15. Calcifying odontogenic cyst of anterior maxilla with complex odontoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadavalli Guruprasad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is an unusual and unique lesion with characteristics of a solid neoplasm and of a cyst. It shows considerable amount of histopathological diversity, with variable clinical behavior such as cystic, neoplastic and infiltrating malignant behavior. It is a rare developmental odontogenic cyst with notable presence of histopathological features, which include a cystic lining demonstrating characteristic "Ghost" epithelial cells with a propensity to calcify. Odontomes are best known as hamartomatous benign tumors rather than true neoplasms, arising from odontogenic tissues. Histologically, they are classified as compound and complex variety. We report a rare case of COC of anterior maxilla with complex odontome in a 12-year-old female child.

  16. [Calcifying tendinosis of the pectoralis major muscle with intraosseous migration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morán Blanco, L M; González Leyte, M

    2011-01-01

    Calcifying tendinosis is characterized by macroscopic deposits of hydroxyapatite within the tendon. Most cases involve the tendons of the rotator cuff, fundamentally the supraspinous tendon, and less frequently other tendons in practically any location. Cortical erosion with intraosseous migration of calcium deposits is rare. An atypical location combined with bone involvement can often lead to confusion with other processes like an infection or malignant tumor resulting in unnecessary biopsies or interventions. We present the case of a man who presented with pain and loss of function of the shoulder. Plain-film X-rays showed an erosion of the anteromedial cortex of the proximal diaphysis of the humerus with extra- and intra-osseous calcifications that made us suspect an infectious or malignant process. The findings at computed tomography, together with the clinical and radiological course, were key in enabling us to recognize this atypical presentation of calcifying tendinosis of the pectoralis major muscle.

  17. Subepidermal calcified nodule in a 7-month-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yaohui; Petronic-Rosic, Vesna; Stein, Sarah L

    2007-01-01

    A 7-month-old healthy white boy presented for evaluation of a papule on his right ear. His mother reported a small cut-like lesion at this site shortly after birth that had gradually grown over time. The patient was born full term via repeat cesarean section. On physical examination, located on the right superior helix, there was a 5-6 mm, pink, firm papule with a rough scaly surface and peripheral erythema (Figure 1). The lesion was shave excised and sent for histologic analysis. Microscopic examination revealed a defect of the epidermis with underlying fibrin deposits (Figure 2). Subjacent to the ulcer, there was chondroid tissue, granulation tissue with prominent vascularity, and an extensive amount of amorphous calcified material throughout the dermis extending to the base of the specimen (Figure 3). The clinical and pathologic findings were consistent with a subepidermal calcified nodule (SCN), an uncommon idiopathic calcinosis. The lesion was surgically removed with good results.

  18. Acutely calcified hematoma mimicking a displaced medial epicondyle fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majed Addie

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an interesting and unusual case of an acutely calcified pin-site infection hematoma mimicking a displaced cartilaginous medial epicondyle, in a child with a Gartland type III fracture. The treatment of such pathology could be confusing and may interfere with the correct clinical decision-making process. To our knowledge, this is the first presentation of such a case.

  19. Significance of density and demarcation of calcifications in calcifying tendinitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uhthoff, H.K.; Sarkar, K.; Hammond, I.

    1982-04-01

    Calcification of tendons can be either degenerative and progressive in nature or reactive and selfhealing. Radiologic examinations permit to distinguish between both kinds. The reactive calcification, known also as calcifying tendinitis, passes through two main phases, the formative and the resorptive phase. Since treatment is different for each phase, their roentgenologic distinction is important. Dense, well demarcated and homogenous calcifications indicate the presence of a formative phase whereas less dense, ill defined and fluffy deposits point toward an ongoing resorption.

  20. CALCIFIED ECTODERMAL COLLAGENS OF SHARK TOOTH ENAMEL AND TELEOST SCALE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOSS, M L; JONES, S J; PIEZ, K A

    1964-08-28

    Amino acid analysis of protein from the enamel of shark teeth and from teleost scales shows the presence of collagens which can be classified chemically as ectodermal. This finding, together with results from a histological examination of the development of these tissues, constitutes strong evidence that both proteins are derived from the ectoderm, like the enamel of higher vertebrates. Since both are calcified, calcification cannot be a specific property of collagens of mesodermal origin alone.

  1. [Cerebral paragonimiasis with peculiar calcified foci: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinoshita, K; Koga, T

    1986-04-01

    In Japan more than 400 cases of intracranial invasion of Paragonimus westermani have been reported. In recent years, however, because of the decrease of incidence of parasitic disease, erroneous diagnosis is apt to be made. Peculiar but characteristic calcified cystic lesions in chronic stage of cerebral paragonimiasis were described as "soap bubble appearance" in x-rays by Oh in 1968. We report such a case with calcified lesions of soap bubble appearance in plain x-ray films in the right parieto-occipital region. The patient was a 30-year-old man who had generalized convulsive seizures since childhood. CT scan revealed these lesions to have high density in the margin and relatively low density in the center. Recently some cases of cerebral involvement by Paragonimus miyazakii were reported in Japan. The immunoserological tests are most useful for the diagnosis of paragonimiasis. Bithionol administration is the treatment of choice in acute stage. Calcified lesions with positive serological tests in two years after the onset of cerebral signs should be removed surgically, if possible.

  2. Case of calcified intracranial tuberculoma presenting unique MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinjo, Toshihiko; Mukawa, Jiro; Miyagi, Kouichi; Takara, Eiichi; Mekaru, Susumu; Ishikawa, Yasunari

    1988-05-01

    A 41-year-old male patient was admitted in our Ryukyu University Hospital complaining of parosmia. He had a history of miliary tuberculosis 21 years ago. Neurologically he showed left anosmia and hyperreflexia of the right upper extremity. Plain skull X-P and CT scan revealed a calcified mass, 25 mm in diameter, at the left frontal base. In MRI, the mass showed isointensity using the T/sub 1/ weighted inversion recovery sequence and heterogenously low intensity using the T/sub 2/ weighted spin echo sequence. Surgery was performed by bifrontal craniotomy. Then the tumor was removed totally including two coexisting small tumors. Histologically, they consisted of calcified caseous tissue and thick collagen capsule, suggesting old calcified tuberculomas. Postoperative course was uneventful and did not result in meningitis. Antituberculous therapy of streptmycin, isoniazid and rifapicin was given for 2 weeks, started on the operative day. MRI findings were presented in detail and the guideline of antituberculous therapy to the tuberculoma was discussed.

  3. Calcified multilocular thymic cyst associated with thymoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laraqui Laila

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction There are few case reports of thymoma with a thymic cyst. Such an association renders it difficult for any pathologist to differentiate from other neoplasms, such as a cystic thymoma. Case presentation A 50-year-old Berber woman from Morocco was admitted with a chronic cough of more than 10 years duration. Her medical history and physical examination were normal. Anterior chest radiography demonstrated a calcified opacity in her right anterior mediastinum. A chest-computed tomogram revealed a round cystic tumor, with significant calcification in her right anterior mediastinum. A surgical exploration was performed. The tumor seemed to be a well-encapsulated and totally calcified lesion, arising from the right lobe of her thymus. It was removed by partial resection of her thymus. Through histology, the calcified tumor exhibited some areas of multilocular fibrous-wall cysts. These cysts were partially lined by small cuboidal cells with severe chronic inflammation and an AB thymoma that arose from the wall of the cyst. Conclusion Greater attention should be given to multilocular thymic cysts, to exclude the possibility of neoplasm, especially when the cyst wall is thickened.

  4. nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yu; Li, Hui; Liu, Xu-Jun; Guan, Lei-Lei; Li, Yan-Li; Sun, Jian; Ying, Zhi-Feng; Wu, Jia-Da; Xu, Ning

    2014-06-01

    Evenly separated crystalline CuIn0.8Ga0.2Se2 (CIGS) nanoparticles are deposited on ITO-glass substrate by pulsed laser deposition. Such CIGS layers are introduced between conjugated polymer layers and ITO-glass substrates for enhancing light absorbance of polymer solar cells. The P3HT:PCBM absorbance between 300 and 650 nm is enhanced obviously due to the introduction of CIGS nanoparticles. The current density-voltage curves of a P3HT:PCBM/CIGS solar cell demonstrate that the short-circuit current density is improved from 0.77 to 1.20 mA/cm2. The photoluminescence spectra show that the excitons in the polymer are obviously quenched, suggesting that the charge transfer between the P3HT:PCBM and CIGS occurred. The results reveal that the CIGS nanoparticles may exhibit the localized surface plasmon resonance effect just as metallic nanostructures.

  5. Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor associated with ameloblastic fibro-odontoma of the anterior mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jun; Song, Young-Gook; Moon, Seong-Yong; Choi, Boyoung; Kim, Bong Chul; Yoon, Jung-Hoon

    2014-05-01

    Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, which was formerly named calcifying odontogenic cyst, is a benign odontogenic tumor containing clusters of ghost cells within ameloblastic epithelium. Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors have been associated with other odontogenic tumors, a finding that is a rare event in other types of odontogenic cysts or tumors. This report describes a case of hybrid odontogenic tumor composed of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor and ameloblastic fibroma-odontoma of the anterior mandible that occurred in a 4-year-old Korean girl.

  6. Calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff with focal umeral osteolysis. Imaging features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Mascarenhas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying tendinitis occurs most commonly in the rotator cuff tendons, particularly involving the supraspinatus tendon insertion, and is often asymptomatic. Cortical erosion secondary to calcifying tendinitis has been reported in multiple locations, including in the rotator cuff tendons. The authors report two cases of symptomatic calcifying tendinitis involving the infraspinatus tendon with cortical erosion with correlative radiographic, and MR findings. The importance of considering this diagnosis when evaluating lytic lesions of the humerus and the imaging differential diagnosis of calcifying tendinitis and cortical erosion are discussed.

  7. Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst with Complex Odontoma: Histological and Immunohistochemical Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nooshin Mohtasham

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is a rare odontogenic cyst. Only 2% of all odontogenic cysts and tumors are COC. COC associated with odontoma (COCaO reported in 24% of COCs. COCaO presents a greater incidence in female, with a ratio of 2 to 1. The highest incidence of COCaO occurs during the second decade with a mean age of 16 years, most frequently occurring in the maxilla (61.5%. Here, we describe a classic case of COCaO of the maxillary incisor-canine region in 17-year-old girl, and discuss the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical finding of this tumor.

  8. Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst with Complex Odontoma: Histological and Immunohistochemical Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Merati

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is a rare odontogenic cyst. Only 2% of all odontogenic cysts and tumors are COC. COC associated with odontoma (COCaO reported in 24% of COCs. COCaO presents a greater incidence in female, with a ratio of 2 to 1. The highest incidence of COCaO occurs during the second decade with a mean age of 16 years, most frequently occurring in the maxilla (61.5%. Here, we describe a classic case of COCaO of the maxillary incisor-canine region in 17-year-old girl, and discuss the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical finding of this tumor.

  9. Endovascular Sharp Recanalization for Calcified Femoropopliteal Artery Occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsuan-Li Huang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Endovascular intervention of peripheral chronic total occlusion (CTO is technically challenging and time consuming. Various techniques and devices are used to facilitate lesion crossing and improve the success rate of the procedure. However, these new devices are quite expensive and not readily available. We report 2 cases of peripheral CTO wherein the occlusions were successfully crossed by using stiff end of Terumo glidewire. This sharp recanalization may be a useful technique for the recanalization of calcified peripheral CTOs when conventional techniques fail and new devices are not readily available, but it is accompanied by the risk of distal atheroembolism.

  10. Targeting angiogenesis-dependent calcified neoplasms using combined polymer therapeutics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehud Segal

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There is an immense clinical need for novel therapeutics for the treatment of angiogenesis-dependent calcified neoplasms such as osteosarcomas and bone metastases. We developed a new therapeutic strategy to target bone metastases and calcified neoplasms using combined polymer-bound angiogenesis inhibitors. Using an advanced "living polymerization" technique, the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT, we conjugated the aminobisphosphonate alendronate (ALN, and the potent anti-angiogenic agent TNP-470 with N-(2-hydroxypropylmethacrylamide (HPMA copolymer through a Glycine-Glycine-Proline-Norleucine linker, cleaved by cathepsin K, a cysteine protease overexpressed at resorption sites in bone tissues. In this approach, dual targeting is achieved. Passive accumulation is possible due to the increase in molecular weight following polymer conjugation of the drugs, thus extravasating from the tumor leaky vessels and not from normal healthy vessels. Active targeting to the calcified tissues is achieved by ALN's affinity to bone mineral. METHODS AND FINDING: The anti-angiogenic and antitumor potency of HPMA copolymer-ALN-TNP-470 conjugate was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. We show that free and conjugated ALN-TNP-470 have synergistic anti-angiogenic and antitumor activity by inhibiting proliferation, migration and capillary-like tube formation of endothelial and human osteosarcoma cells in vitro. Evaluation of anti-angiogenic, antitumor activity and body distribution of HPMA copolymer-ALN-TNP-470 conjugate was performed on severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID male mice inoculated with mCherry-labeled MG-63-Ras human osteosarcoma and by modified Miles permeability assay. Our targeted bi-specific conjugate reduced VEGF-induced vascular hyperpermeability by 92% and remarkably inhibited osteosarcoma growth in mice by 96%. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report to describe a new concept of a narrowly-dispersed combined

  11. Calcifying tendonitis of the gastrocnemius. A report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iguchi, Y; Ihara, N; Hijioka, A; Uchida, S; Nakamura, T; Kikuta, A; Nakashima, T

    2002-04-01

    We describe the clinical features of calcifying tendonitis in the medial head of gastrocnemius in three elderly female patients. The presenting symptom was chronic pain in the posteromedial area of the knee in two patients and acute pain in the back of the knee in one. All had limitation of movement of the knee and marked tenderness in the region of the tendinous origin of the medial head of gastrocnemius with posterior knee pain induced by stretching the tendon. An injection of 1% lidocaine and steroid into the tendon resulted in temporary relief from pain and improved movement.

  12. nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreu-Cabedo, Patricia; Mondragon, Rosa; Hernandez, Leonor; Martinez-Cuenca, Raul; Cabedo, Luis; Julia, J. Enrique

    2014-10-01

    Thermal energy storage (TES) is extremely important in concentrated solar power (CSP) plants since it represents the main difference and advantage of CSP plants with respect to other renewable energy sources such as wind, photovoltaic, etc. CSP represents a low-carbon emission renewable source of energy, and TES allows CSP plants to have energy availability and dispatchability using available industrial technologies. Molten salts are used in CSP plants as a TES material because of their high operational temperature and stability of up to 500°C. Their main drawbacks are their relative poor thermal properties and energy storage density. A simple cost-effective way to improve thermal properties of fluids is to dope them with nanoparticles, thus obtaining the so-called salt-based nanofluids. In this work, solar salt used in CSP plants (60% NaNO3 + 40% KNO3) was doped with silica nanoparticles at different solid mass concentrations (from 0.5% to 2%). Specific heat was measured by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). A maximum increase of 25.03% was found at an optimal concentration of 1 wt.% of nanoparticles. The size distribution of nanoparticle clusters present in the salt at each concentration was evaluated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and image processing, as well as by means of dynamic light scattering (DLS). The cluster size and the specific surface available depended on the solid content, and a relationship between the specific heat increment and the available particle surface area was obtained. It was proved that the mechanism involved in the specific heat increment is based on a surface phenomenon. Stability of samples was tested for several thermal cycles and thermogravimetric analysis at high temperature was carried out, the samples being stable.

  13. Effect of Ocean acidification on growth, calcification and recruitment of calcifying and non-calcifying epibionts of brown algae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Saderne

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Anthropogenic emissions of CO2 are leading to an acidification of the oceans by 0.4 pH units in the course of this century according to the more severe model scenarios. The excess of CO2 could notably affect the benthic communities of calcifiers and macrophytes in different aspects (photosynthesis, respiration and calcification. Seaweeds are key species of nearshore benthic ecosystems of the Baltic Sea. They frequently are the substratum of fouling epibionts like bryozoans and tubeworms. Most of those species secrete calcified structures and could therefore be impacted by the seawater pCO2. On the other hand, the biological activity of the host may substantially modulate the pH and pCO2 conditions in the thallus boundary layer where the epibionts live. The aim of the present study was to test the sensitivity of seaweed macrofouling communities to higher pCO2 concentrations. Fragments of the macroalga Fucus serratus bearing the calcifiers Spirorbis spirorbis (Annelida and Electra pilosa (Bryozoa and the non-calcifier Alcyonidium gelatinosum (Bryozoa were maintained for 30 days under three pCO2 conditions: natural 460 ± 59 μatm and enriched 1193 ± 166 μatm and 3150 ± 446 μatm. Our study showed a significant reduction of growth rates and recruitment of Spirorbis individuals only at the highest pCO2. At a finer temporal resolution, the tubeworm recruits exhibited enhanced calcification of 40% during irradiation hours compared to dark hours, presumably due to the effect of photosynthetic and respiratory activities of the host alga on the carbonate system. Electra colonies showed significantly increased growth rates at 1193 μatm. No effect on Alcyonidium colonies growth rates was observed. Those results suggest a remarkable resistance of the algal macro-epibiontic communities to the

  14. The calcified lung nodule: What does it mean?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Ali

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this review is to present a pictorial essay emphasizing the various patterns of calcification in pulmonary nodules (PN to aid diagnosis and to discuss the differential diagnosis and the pathogenesis where it is known. The imaging evaluation of PN is based on clinical history, size, distribution and the gross appearance of the nodule as well as feasibility of obtaining a tissue diagnosis. Imaging is instrumental in the management of PN and one should strive not only to identify small malignant tumors with high survival rates but to spare patients with benign PN from undergoing unnecessary surgery. The review emphasizes how to achieve these goals. One of the most reliable imaging features of a benign lesion is a benign pattern of calcification and periodic follow-up with computed tomography showing no growth for 2 years. Calcification in PN is generally considered as a pointer toward a possible benign disease. However, as we show here, calcification in PN as a criterion to determine benign nature is fallacious and can be misleading. The differential considerations of a calcified lesion include calcified granuloma, hamartoma, carcinoid, osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and lung metastases or a primary bronchogenic carcinoma among others. We describe and illustrate different patterns of calcification as seen in PN on imaging.

  15. Combined aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting for a calcified ascending aorta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baba, Hironori; Umesue, Masayoshi; Matsui, Kanzi

    2012-04-01

    Although a severely calcified ascending aorta is encountered infrequently, it presents formidable problems during cardiac surgery. We describe a case of severe aortic valve stenosis and coronary artery disease combined with a severely calcified ascending aorta. The patient was an 80-year-old man with a calcified ascending aorta. He successfully underwent an aortic valve replacement and a single coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using a saphenous vein graft with the proximal end connected on a Dacron patch, which was used for aortoplasty of the calcified plate along the aortotomy. These procedures were performed under moderate hypothermia with aortic clamping. This patch aortoplasty can be a useful alternative in cases that require aortotomy and proximal anastomoses of a CABG on a calcified ascending aorta.

  16. Retroperitoneal calcifying fibrous tumor mimicking an adrenal tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prochaska, Erica C; Sciallis, Andrew P; Miller, Barbra S

    2016-06-01

    Establishing the etiology of a retroperitoneal tumor may be difficult due to close proximity of multiple organs. Evaluation of retroperitoneal tumors often leads to surgery, many times to obtain a definitive diagnosis and rule out malignancy. Calcifying fibrous tumors (CFT) are very rare soft tissue tumors occurring most often in young patients. They are most often found arising in the thoracic cavity, mediastinum, abdominal cavity and extremities and usually have a benign clinical course. Macrocscopically, the tumors are well circumscribed and firm with a white-tan appearance. Histologically, CFT comprised a hypocellular proliferation of bland spindle cells, densely hyalinized collagen, chronic lymphoplasmacytic inflammation and dystrophic calcifications. Other considerations in the pathologic differential diagnosis include solitary fibrous tumor and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor.

  17. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor: a clinico-radio-pathological dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hada, M S; Sable, M; Kane, S V; Pai, Prathamesh S; Juvekar, S L

    2014-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign neoplasm of mandible in adults. The presentation of this entity is varied and often confused with a variety of mucosal and jaw lesions and clinical, radiological, and pathological feature of CEOT often-mimic malignancy. The objective of this report is to highlight the clinical features and radiological findings which should arouse suspicion of a benign lesion and importance of providing adequate clinical information to the pathologist to attain accurate diagnosis.We discussed two cases with tumors located in the maxilla. Both presented as expansile lesions with one biopsy proven squamous cell carcinoma. Both were pursued with clinico-radiological suspicion of benign lesions and confirmed with pathological correlation of histology and immunohistochemistry as CEOT. Therefore a High index of suspicion and clinico-radiological information are the key feature for diagnosis of this rare tumor.

  18. Effect of calcifying bacteria on permeation properties of concrete structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achal, V; Mukherjee, A; Reddy, M S

    2011-09-01

    Microbially enhanced calcite precipitation on concrete or mortar has become an important area of research regarding construction materials. This study examined the effect of calcite precipitation induced by Sporosarcina pasteurii (Bp M-3) on parameters affecting the durability of concrete or mortar. An inexpensive industrial waste, corn steep liquor (CSL), from starch industry was used as nutrient source for the growth of bacteria and calcite production, and the results obtained with CSL were compared with those of the standard commercial medium. Bacterial deposition of a layer of calcite on the surface of the specimens resulted in substantial decrease of water uptake, permeability, and chloride penetration compared with control specimens without bacteria. The results obtained with CSL medium were comparable to those obtained with standard medium, indicating the economization of the biocalcification process. The results suggest that calcifying bacteria play an important role in enhancing the durability of concrete structures.

  19. Calcifying odontogenic cyst with ameloblastic fibroma: report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Cheng-Chung; Chen, Chung-Ho; Lin, Li-Min; Chen, Yuk-Kwan; Wright, John M; Kessler, Harvey P; Cheng, Yi-Shing Lisa; Ellis, Edward

    2004-10-01

    Although it is a rare event, odontogenic tumors such as ameloblastoma, ameloblastic fibroma (AF), ameloblastic fibro-odontoma, and odontoma have been reported associated with calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC). There are only four cases of COC with AF cited in the English literature. However, three of these four cases were either included in a review of a series of cases or reported as an abstract, and limited clinical and histological information was provided. We present three additional cases of COC with AF and discuss the management for this combined lesion. Because COC is known for its histologic diversity and variable clinical behavior, and the clinical significance of an association of COC with AF is still unknown, we think it is valuable to report COC with AF with detailed clinical and pathological documentation.

  20. Giant calcified meningioma after radiation therapy; A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zenke, Kiichiro; Fukumoto, Shinya; Ohta, Shinsuke; Sakaki, Saburo (Ehime Univ., Shigenobu (Japan). School of Medicine); Matsui, Seishi

    1993-09-01

    We presented a case of secondary giant meningioma with dense calcification (brain stone) after radiation therapy for primary ependymoma removed 25 years before. A 31-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of generalized convulsion. He had received extirpation of an ependymoma in the left frontoparietal region and postoperative radiation therapy 25 years before. Skull X-ray and CT revealed a giant brain stone in the left parietal region. It was totally removed en bloc. Photomicrograph of the specimen showed proliferation of arachnoid cell-like tumor cells in narrow spaces surrounded by marked calcified lesions which showed partial ossification. The etiology and therapy of this tumor were discussed. (author).

  1. Isolation, cultivation and initial identification of Nanobacteria from dental pulp stone%髓石中Nanobacteria细菌的分离、培养与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾劲峰; 张伟; 蒋宏伟; 凌均棨

    2006-01-01

    目的 从髓石中分离Nanobacteria,并进行培养和鉴定.方法 收集新鲜的27颗髓石分为9个样本,每个样本含3颗髓石,进行Nanobacteria的分离、培养,观察该菌形态学及生长特性,采用von Kossa染色、Nanobacteria单克隆抗体8D10和G1B8免疫组化和间接免疫荧光染色、Hoechst染色和von Kossa染色双重染色法联合进行Nanobacteria鉴定.结果 本次实验7个样本中所分离、培养出的细菌形态学特征与生长特性与Nanobacteria相似,von Kossa染色呈阳性反应,单克隆抗体免疫组化染色和间接免疫荧光染色阳性.双重染色实验中,样本Hoechst染色呈阴性反应,von Kossa染色呈阳性反应,而牙髓细胞的Hoechst染色可见胞核呈明显阳性反应,有2个样本中未见细菌生长.结论 髓石中可分离得到Nanobacteria,该菌的生物学特性可能在髓石的形成中起重要作用.

  2. Utility of a scoring balloon for a severely calcified lesion: bench test and finite element analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawase, Yoshiaki; Saito, Naritatsu; Watanabe, Shin; Bao, Bingyuan; Yamamoto, Erika; Watanabe, Hiroki; Higami, Hirooki; Matsuo, Hitoshi; Ueno, Katsumi; Kimura, Takeshi

    2014-04-01

    We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a scoring balloon catheter in expanding a circumferentially calcified lesion compared to a conventional balloon catheter using an in vitro experiment setting and elucidate the underlying mechanisms of this ability using a finite element analysis. True efficacy of the scoring device and the underlying mechanisms for heavily calcified coronary lesions are unclear. We employed a Scoreflex scoring balloon catheter (OrbusNeich, Hong Kong, China). The ability of Scoreflex to dilate a calcified lesion was compared with a conventional balloon catheter using 3 different sized calcium tubes. The thickness of the calcium tubes were 2.0, 2.25, and 2.5 mm. The primary endpoints were the successful induction of cracks in the calcium tubes and the inflation pressures required for inducing cracks. The inflation pressure required for cracking the calcium tubes were consistently lower with Scoreflex (p finite element analysis revealed that the first principal stress applied to the calcified plaque was higher by at least threefold when applying the balloon catheter with scoring elements. A scoring balloon catheter can expand a calcified lesion with lower pressure than that of a conventional balloon. The finite element analysis revealed that the concentration of the stress observed in the outside of the calcified plaque just opposite to the scoring element is the underlying mechanism of the increased ability of Scoreflex to dilate the calcified lesion.

  3. 纳米细菌在口腔疾病和其他全身性疾病中的作用%Role of nanobacteria in oral disease and other systemic disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫莉基

    2011-01-01

    纳米细菌是已知的最小细菌,它所产生的坚硬的矿化外壳,与病理性钙化有关.有关纳米细菌的生物性,业界争论激烈.在人类的唾液、牙齿表面、牙菌斑、牙石和牙髓石中存在着大量的纳米细菌.本文就纳米细菌、纳米细菌在口腔疾病和其他全身性疾病中的作用等作一综述.%Nanobacteria are the smallest known bacteria, and the adamant shells they form have relations with pathologic calcification. About its “living organism”, a great deal of controversy has raised within the scientific community in recent years. There have been evidences that abundance of nanobacteria in the oral cavity such as saliva, the surface of the teeth, dental plaque, calculus dentalis, pulp stone and so on. This article reviews nanobacteria and its role in oral disease and other systemic disease.

  4. Engineering an artificial amoeba propelled by nanoparticle-triggered actin polymerization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yi Jinsoo; Schmidt, Jacob; Chien Aichi; Montemagno, Carlo D [Department of Bioengineering, University of California Los Angeles, 420 Westwood Plaza, 7523 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1600 (United States)], E-mail: montemcd@ucmail.uc.edu

    2009-02-25

    We have engineered an amoeba system combining nanofabricated inorganic materials with biological components, capable of propelling itself via actin polymerization. The nanofabricated materials have a mechanism similar to the locomotion of the Listeria monocytogenes, food poisoning bacteria. The propulsive force generation utilizes nanoparticles made from nickel and gold functionalized with the Listeria monocytogenes transmembrane protein, ActA. These Listeria-mimic nanoparticles were in concert with actin, actin binding proteins, ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and encapsulated within a lipid vesicle. This system is an artificial cell, such as a vesicle, where artificial nanobacteria and actin polymerization machinery are used in driving force generators inside the cell. The assembled structure was observed to crawl on a glass surface analogously to an amoeba, with the speed of the movement dependent on the amount of actin monomers and ATP present.

  5. Engineering an artificial amoeba propelled by nanoparticle-triggered actin polymerization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Jinsoo; Schmidt, Jacob; Chien, Aichi; Montemagno, Carlo D

    2009-02-25

    We have engineered an amoeba system combining nanofabricated inorganic materials with biological components, capable of propelling itself via actin polymerization. The nanofabricated materials have a mechanism similar to the locomotion of the Listeria monocytogenes, food poisoning bacteria. The propulsive force generation utilizes nanoparticles made from nickel and gold functionalized with the Listeria monocytogenes transmembrane protein, ActA. These Listeria-mimic nanoparticles were in concert with actin, actin binding proteins, ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and encapsulated within a lipid vesicle. This system is an artificial cell, such as a vesicle, where artificial nanobacteria and actin polymerization machinery are used in driving force generators inside the cell. The assembled structure was observed to crawl on a glass surface analogously to an amoeba, with the speed of the movement dependent on the amount of actin monomers and ATP present.

  6. Acute calcifying tendonitis--an unusual cause of carpal tunnel syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Din, R; Giannikas, K; El-Hadidi, M

    2001-03-01

    We report a rare case of acute calcifying tendinitis resulting in acute carpal tunnel syndrome. Acute medical staff should be aware of this condition and the importance of early referral to avoid long term median nerve neuropathy.

  7. Small calcified lesions suggestive of neurocysticercosis are associated with mesial temporal sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos C. B. Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have suggested a possible relationship between temporal lobe epilepsy with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS and neurocysticercosis (NC. We performed a case-control study to evaluate the association of NC and MTS. Method: We randomly selected patients with different epilepsy types, including: MTS, primary generalized epilepsy (PGE and focal symptomatic epilepsy (FSE. Patients underwent a structured interview, followed by head computed tomography (CT. A neuroradiologist evaluated the scan for presence of calcified lesions suggestive of NC. CT results were matched with patients’ data. Results: More patients in the MTS group displayed calcified lesions suggestive of NC than patients in the other groups (p=0.002. On multivariate analysis, MTS was found to be an independent predictor of one or more calcified NC lesions (p=0.033. Conclusion: After controlling for confounding factors, we found an independent association between NC calcified lesions and MTS.

  8. Calcified congenital aneurysm of the left sinus of Valsalva associated with coarctation of the aorta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paige, M.L.; Schwartz, D.C.

    1983-05-01

    A case of calcified unruptured congenital aneurysm of the left sinus of Valsalva associated with coarctation of the aorta is presented. Routine chest radiographs demonstrated unusual curvilinear calcifications at the cardiac base which were subsequently demonstrated within the aneurysm.

  9. Fixed Size of Enlarged Calcified Lymph Nodes in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma despite Complete Remission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.A. Grotenhuis

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Untreated malignant lymph nodes that are calcified are rare. Publications on such calcifications are restricted to case reports. We present a case of calcified lymph nodes in a patient with adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction that seemed to be nonresponsive to induction chemotherapy, as they did not decrease in size. However, on pathological examination of the resected lymph nodes no vital tumor cells could be detected anymore. Therefore, we hypothesize that a calcified lymph node is unable to shrink, even after adequate remission on induction chemotherapy. This should be taken into account when clinical decision-making depends on the change in size of an enlarged, calcified lymph node as a measure of treatment effect.

  10. The 'Hoover' (vacuum cleaner) technique for calcifying tendonitis deposits excision and removal of the calcific debris

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    A new technical tip for the improvement of the arthroscopic treatment of symptomatic calcifying tendinitis is described. Arthroscopic excision of calcifying tendonitis may result with multiple minute calcific debris in the subacromial bursa, causing severe post operative pain due to chemical irritation of the bursa. We suggest the use of a bladeless shaver barrel as a “Hoover” (vacuum cleaner) for arthroscopic clearance of these miniature calcific debris from the subacromial space after resec...

  11. Calcified amorphous tumor of the heart in an adult female: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta Ruchika

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Cardiac calcified amorphous tumor is a rare, non-neoplastic intra-cavity cardiac mass composed of calcium deposits in a background of amorphous degenerating fibrinous material. Only a few cases of this rare lesion have been reported in the available literature. Clinico-pathological differentiation of this lesion from calcified atrial myxoma, calcified thrombi or other cardiac neoplasms is extremely difficult; hence pathologic examination is the mainstay of diagnosis. To the best of our knowledge this entity has not been reported in the Indian literature. Case presentation A 40-year-old woman of Indian origin presented with progressive dyspnea, fatigue and cough. She was diagnosed as having a calcified right atrial mass. The mass was excised. Histologic examination revealed the mass to be composed of amorphous eosinophilic fibrin with dense calcification. No myxomatous tissue was seen and a final diagnosis of calcified amorphous tumor of the heart was rendered. Conclusions Calcified amorphous tumor is a rare cardiac lesion with an excellent outcome following complete surgical removal. Since clinico-radiologic differentiation from other cardiac masses is not possible in most cases, histopathological examination is the only modality for diagnosis. Hence, histopathologists should be aware of this rare entity in the differential diagnoses of cardiac mass.

  12. CBCT-Aided Microscopic and Ultrasonic Treatment for Upper or Middle Thirds Calcified Root Canals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ying-Ming; Guo, Bin; Guo, Li-Yang; Yang, Yan; Hong, Xiao; Pan, Hong-Ying

    2016-01-01

    Root canal calcification is considered a great challenge during root canal treatment. Although the application of ultrasonic instruments and dental operating microscope (DOM) has advantages, dealing with calcified root canals still suffers a great risk of failure because of limited information about the location, length, and direction of obliteration on periapical radiographs. In this work, a cone-beam computed tomography- (CBCT-) aided method aimed at solving complicated calcified root canals in which conventional approaches could not work was proposed. Thirteen teeth with sixteen calcified canals (12 calcified in the upper third, 4 calcified in the middle third), which cannot be negotiated with conventional methods, were treated with the aid of CBCT. The location of calcification and depth of instrumentation and operating direction were calculated and assessed in three dimensions with ultrasonic instruments under DOM. In all thirteen teeth, canals with upper and middle thirds calcification were treated successfully. Finally, a guideline was proposed to help achieve consistent apical patency in calcified canals. PMID:27525269

  13. Endosymbiotic calcifying bacteria across sponge species and oceans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garate, Leire; Sureda, Jan; Agell, Gemma; Uriz, Maria J.

    2017-01-01

    From an evolutionary point of view, sponges are ideal targets to study marine symbioses as they are the most ancient living metazoans and harbour highly diverse microbial communities. A recently discovered association between the sponge Hemimycale columella and an intracellular bacterium that generates large amounts of calcite spherules has prompted speculation on the possible role of intracellular bacteria in the evolution of the skeleton in early animals. To gain insight into this purportedly ancestral symbiosis, we investigated the presence of symbiotic bacteria in Mediterranean and Caribbean sponges. We found four new calcibacteria OTUs belonging to the SAR116 in two orders (Poecilosclerida and Clionaida) and three families of Demospongiae, two additional OTUs in cnidarians and one more in seawater (at 98.5% similarity). Using a calcibacteria targeted probe and CARD-FISH, we also found calcibacteria in Spirophorida and Suberitida and proved that the calcifying bacteria accumulated at the sponge periphery, forming a skeletal cortex, analogous to that of siliceous microscleres in other demosponges. Bacteria-mediated skeletonization is spread in a range of phylogenetically distant species and thus the purported implication of bacteria in skeleton formation and evolution of early animals gains relevance. PMID:28262822

  14. Quantification of the edge effect in calcified bioprosthetic tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wika, K E; Utoh, J; Brown, J; Harasaki, H

    1993-10-01

    In bioprosthetic tissue samples that had been implanted in the subcutaneous space of rats, and recurring pattern of calcification was observed. In this pattern, which we call the edge effect, the interior of the tissue is calcified and is surrounded and separated from the subcutaneous fluid by a zone that is free from calcification. The edge effect has been qualitatively described in the literature for subcutaneous implants and for valve leaflets, and it may be related to the mechanism of calcification for these materials. The thickness of the calcification free outer layer was quantified for glutaraldehyde treated bovine pericardium, glycerol treated bovine pericardium, glutaraldehyde treated human dura mater, and glycerol treated human dura mater. The edge effect values were found to be unique and consistent for each material type, and they were inversely related to the shrinkage temperatures and the calcium contents of the materials. It was determined that the chemical treatment was more important than the tissue type in determining the edge effect value.

  15. Endosymbiotic calcifying bacteria across sponge species and oceans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garate, Leire; Sureda, Jan; Agell, Gemma; Uriz, Maria J.

    2017-03-01

    From an evolutionary point of view, sponges are ideal targets to study marine symbioses as they are the most ancient living metazoans and harbour highly diverse microbial communities. A recently discovered association between the sponge Hemimycale columella and an intracellular bacterium that generates large amounts of calcite spherules has prompted speculation on the possible role of intracellular bacteria in the evolution of the skeleton in early animals. To gain insight into this purportedly ancestral symbiosis, we investigated the presence of symbiotic bacteria in Mediterranean and Caribbean sponges. We found four new calcibacteria OTUs belonging to the SAR116 in two orders (Poecilosclerida and Clionaida) and three families of Demospongiae, two additional OTUs in cnidarians and one more in seawater (at 98.5% similarity). Using a calcibacteria targeted probe and CARD-FISH, we also found calcibacteria in Spirophorida and Suberitida and proved that the calcifying bacteria accumulated at the sponge periphery, forming a skeletal cortex, analogous to that of siliceous microscleres in other demosponges. Bacteria-mediated skeletonization is spread in a range of phylogenetically distant species and thus the purported implication of bacteria in skeleton formation and evolution of early animals gains relevance.

  16. Transmission of hazardous diseases via nanobacterial contamination of medical and dental equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafar Kolahi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nanobacteria (calcifying nanoparticles, nanobes are one of the most controversial issues in contemporary biology. Studies show accumulating evidence on association of nanobacteria with pathologic calcifications such as kidney stone, arterial plaque, calcification of coronary arteries, and cardiac valves calculus. The Hypothesis: Nanobacteria can tolerate harsh conditions extremely well. The apatite mineral layer around the organism and slow metabolism is likely to be the reason for the resistance of nanobacteria. They showed a wide resistance to the several disinfecting and sterilizating chemicals as well as autoclaving, ultraviolet light, microwaves, heating and drying treatments. Hence, it seems logic to postulate that hazardous diseases can be easily transmitted via nanobacterial contamination of medical and dental equipment. Evaluation of the Hypothesis: It is not enough to claim an agent not living according to the standard view on living creatures, as irrelevant to biological safety of cell cultures, or to human and animal health. Although the nature of prions is still under debate and prions are classified as nonliving, they exist and cause diseases, and thus form a serious risk for animal and human health. The risk was recognized only after enormous economical losses. It appears that nanobacteria situation is rather similar, except the fact that nanobacteria appear to cause or contribute to common hazardous diseases of the mankind. Hence, world-widely well-known organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the World Health Organization should pay more attention to transmission of hazardous diseases via nanobacterial contamination of medical and dental equipment.

  17. Ocean acidification and calcifying reef organisms: A mesocosm investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jokiel, P.L.; Rodgers, K.S.; Kuffner, I.B.; Andersson, A.J.; Cox, E.F.; MacKenzie, F.T.

    2008-01-01

    A long-term (10 months) controlled experiment was conducted to test the impact of increased partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) on common calcifying coral reef organisms. The experiment was conducted in replicate continuous flow coral reef mesocosms flushed with unfiltered sea water from Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Mesocosms were located in full sunlight and experienced diurnal and seasonal fluctuations in temperature and sea water chemistry characteristic of the adjacent reef flat. Treatment mesocosms were manipulated to simulate an increase in pCO2 to levels expected in this century [midday pCO2 levels exceeding control mesocosms by 365 ?? 130 ??atm (mean ?? sd)]. Acidification had a profound impact on the development and growth of crustose coralline algae (CCA) populations. During the experiment, CCA developed 25% cover in the control mesocosms and only 4% in the acidified mesocosms, representing an 86% relative reduction. Free-living associations of CCA known as rhodoliths living in the control mesocosms grew at a rate of 0.6 g buoyant weight year-1 while those in the acidified experimental treatment decreased in weight at a rate of 0.9 g buoyant weight year-1, representing a 250% difference. CCA play an important role in the growth and stabilization of carbonate reefs, so future changes of this magnitude could greatly impact coral reefs throughout the world. Coral calcification decreased between 15% and 20% under acidified conditions. Linear extension decreased by 14% under acidified conditions in one experiment. Larvae of the coral Pocillopora damicornis were able to recruit under the acidified conditions. In addition, there was no significant difference in production of gametes by the coral Montipora capitata after 6 months of exposure to the treatments. ?? 2008 Springer-Verlag.

  18. Ocean acidification and calcifying reef organisms: a mesocosm investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jokiel, P. L.; Rodgers, K. S.; Kuffner, I. B.; Andersson, A. J.; Cox, E. F.; MacKenzie, F. T.

    2008-09-01

    A long-term (10 months) controlled experiment was conducted to test the impact of increased partial pressure of carbon dioxide ( pCO2) on common calcifying coral reef organisms. The experiment was conducted in replicate continuous flow coral reef mesocosms flushed with unfiltered sea water from Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Mesocosms were located in full sunlight and experienced diurnal and seasonal fluctuations in temperature and sea water chemistry characteristic of the adjacent reef flat. Treatment mesocosms were manipulated to simulate an increase in pCO2 to levels expected in this century [midday pCO2 levels exceeding control mesocosms by 365 ± 130 μatm (mean ± sd)]. Acidification had a profound impact on the development and growth of crustose coralline algae (CCA) populations. During the experiment, CCA developed 25% cover in the control mesocosms and only 4% in the acidified mesocosms, representing an 86% relative reduction. Free-living associations of CCA known as rhodoliths living in the control mesocosms grew at a rate of 0.6 g buoyant weight year-1 while those in the acidified experimental treatment decreased in weight at a rate of 0.9 g buoyant weight year-1, representing a 250% difference. CCA play an important role in the growth and stabilization of carbonate reefs, so future changes of this magnitude could greatly impact coral reefs throughout the world. Coral calcification decreased between 15% and 20% under acidified conditions. Linear extension decreased by 14% under acidified conditions in one experiment. Larvae of the coral Pocillopora damicornis were able to recruit under the acidified conditions. In addition, there was no significant difference in production of gametes by the coral Montipora capitata after 6 months of exposure to the treatments.

  19. Does erroneous differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells contribute to the pathogenesis of calcifying tendinopathy?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RUI Yun-feng; LUI Pauline Po-yee; CHAN Lai-shan; CHAN Kai-ming; FU Sai-chuen; LI Gang

    2011-01-01

    Calcifying tendinopathy is a tendon disorder with calcium deposits in the mid-substance presented with chronic activity-related pain, tenderness, local edema and various degrees of incapacitation. Most of current treatments are neither effective nor evidence-based because its underlying pathogenesis is poorly understood and treatment is usually symptomatic. Understanding the pathogenesis of calcifying tendlinopathy is essential for its effective evidence-based management. One of the key histopathological features of calcifying tendinopathy is the presence of chondrocyte phenotype which surrounds the calcific deposits, suggesting that the formation of calcific deposits was cellmediated.Although the origin of cells participating in the formation of chondrocyte phenotype and ossification is still unknown, many evidences have suggested that erroneous tendon cell differentiation is involved in the process. Recent studies have shown the presence of stem cells with self-renewal and multi-differentiation potential in human,horse, mouse and rat tendon tissues. We hypothesized that the erroneous differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) to chondrocytes or osteoblasts leads to chondrometaplasia and ossification and hence weaker tendon, failed healing and pain, in calcifying tendinopathy. We present a hypothetical model on the pathogenesis and evidences to support this hypothesis. Understanding the key role of TDSCs in the pathogenesis of calcifying tendinopathy and the mechanisms contributing to their erroneous differentiation would provide new opportunities for the management of calcifying tendinopathy. The re-direction of the differentiation of resident TDSCs to tenogenic or supplementation of MSCsprogrammed for tenogenic differentiation may be enticing targets for the management of calcifying tendinopathy in e future.

  20. Does erroneous differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells contribute to the pathogenesis of calcifying tendinopathy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rui, Yun-feng; Lui, Pauline Po-yee; Chan, Lai-shan; Chan, Kai-ming; Fu, Sai-chuen; Li, Gang

    2011-02-01

    Calcifying tendinopathy is a tendon disorder with calcium deposits in the mid-substance presented with chronic activity-related pain, tenderness, local edema and various degrees of incapacitation. Most of current treatments are neither effective nor evidence-based because its underlying pathogenesis is poorly understood and treatment is usually symptomatic. Understanding the pathogenesis of calcifying tendinopathy is essential for its effective evidence-based management. One of the key histopathological features of calcifying tendinopathy is the presence of chondrocyte phenotype which surrounds the calcific deposits, suggesting that the formation of calcific deposits was cell-mediated. Although the origin of cells participating in the formation of chondrocyte phenotype and ossification is still unknown, many evidences have suggested that erroneous tendon cell differentiation is involved in the process. Recent studies have shown the presence of stem cells with self-renewal and multi-differentiation potential in human, horse, mouse and rat tendon tissues. We hypothesized that the erroneous differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) to chondrocytes or osteoblasts leads to chondrometaplasia and ossification and hence weaker tendon, failed healing and pain, in calcifying tendinopathy. We present a hypothetical model on the pathogenesis and evidences to support this hypothesis. Understanding the key role of TDSCs in the pathogenesis of calcifying tendinopathy and the mechanisms contributing to their erroneous differentiation would provide new opportunities for the management of calcifying tendinopathy. The re-direction of the differentiation of resident TDSCs to tenogenic or supplementation of MSCs programmed for tenogenic differentiation may be enticing targets for the management of calcifying tendinopathy in the future.

  1. Comparative study of calcified changes in aortic valvular diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Togashi, Mayuko; Tamura, Koichi; Masuda, Yukinari; Fukuda, Yuh

    2008-06-01

    Calcification of the aortic valve leads to stenosis or regurgitation or both. To clarify the mechanism of heart valve calcification, comparative studies using histological and ultrastructural examinations were performed of calcified aortic valves. These valves were obtained at valve replacement surgery from 11 patients with rheumatic aortic valvular disease (RAVD), 10 patients with degenerative aortic valve disease (DAVD), and 10 patients with congenitally bicuspid aortic valves (CBAV). For electron microscopic study, 5 cases were selected from each group. In RAVD, histological examination revealed calcification in a degenerated amorphous area at the center of fibrous thickened regions and in laminar fibrous thickened areas near the valve surface. In DAVD, calcification was observed mainly in the fibrosa near the valve ring. In CBAV, basic pathological changes were similar to those in DAVD; however, additional severe calcification of the raphe was observed, if the raphe was present. Ultrastructural examinations showed deposition of electron-dense materials in two patterns in all three groups; one pattern was observed in the interfibrillar spaces of collagen fibrils, and the other pattern was widespread macular deposition unrelated to the preexisting structure. In RAVD, microfibril-like fibrillar structures were found in the areas of deposition of electron-dense materials. These findings suggest that newly formed connective tissue degraded and became necrotic because of nutritional deprivation, especially in the thickened central area, causing calcium deposition. In DAVD and CBAV, numerous lipid vacuoles were found in the electron-dense deposition areas similar to lipid deposition in aortic atherosclerosis. Localized calcium deposition in the fibrosa suggests that the stress of valvular motion and pressure load induces sclerotic changes with the degeneration of collagen fibers, providing a core for calcification. In CBAV, the raphe was the main location of

  2. The culture and detection of nanobacteria in abdominal aorta atherosclerotic plaque%腹主动脉粥样硬化斑块中纳米细菌的培养与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿文茂; 张倩; 吴亚光; 秦成坤; 苏忠学

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察腹主动脉粥样硬化斑块中是否存在纳米细菌,并对其进行鉴定.方法 12例腹主动脉粥样硬化斑块及12例正常动脉血管组织研磨,取上清液培养.8周后收集培养瓶底白色粉末,用纳米细菌单克隆抗体间接免疫荧光法对其进行检测,并利用电镜进一步观察.结果 12例动脉粥样硬化斑块中10例纳米细菌检测阳性,2例阴性,12例正常动脉血管组织中1例纳米细菌检测阳性,11例阴性,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).纳米细菌单克隆抗体间接免疫荧光检测时可发出绿色荧光,电镜下测量纳米细菌直径约为100 ~ 300 nm.结论 腹主动脉粥样硬化斑块中存在纳米细菌,它可能导致粥样硬化斑块不稳定.%Objective To investigate whether the nanobacteria exists in abdominal aorta atherosclerotic plaque or not and detect it.Methods 12 case of abdominal aorta atherosclerotic plaques and 12 case of normal artery were grinded,the supematant fluid was cultured for eight weeks.Subsequently,the white extract from the culture flask was detected by nanobacteria monoclonal antibody immunofluorescence and electron microscope.Results Nanobacteria was positive in 10 case of atherosclerotic plaques but only in 1 case of normal artery,the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Green fluorescence could be present during indirect immunofluorescence detection.The size of nanobacreria was measured ranging from 100nm to 300nm by electron microscope analysis.Conclusion Nanobacteria was detected in abdominal aorta atherosclerotic plaques and might led to atherosclerotic plaques instability.

  3. Relationship between calcifying tendinitis and subacromial impingement: a prospective radiography and magnetic resonance imaging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loew, M; Sabo, D; Wehrle, M; Mau, H

    1996-01-01

    In a prospective study radiographs and magnetic resonance images of 75 patients with calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff were analyzed. The aim was to evaluate any relation between calcifying tendinitis and subacromial impingement. A total of 83% of the calcifications were located in the supraspinatus or the adjoining part of the subscapularis tendon. On T1-weighted images they could be demonstrated with high accuracy as areas of decreased signal intensity. A magnetic resonance imaging categorization of the calcium deposits was carried out by means of a differentiation of form, outline, and density. A partial rotator cuff tear was found in one shoulder; in 11% variable aspects of degenerative alteration of the affected tendon were seen. By analysis of the radiographic outlet view 16% of the cases had a type III acromion. In conclusion, little correlation exists between calcifying tendinitis and additional findings associated with subacromial impingement.

  4. Ameloglastic fibro-odontoma with a change of calcifying odontogenic cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Hyuk Rok; Han, Jin Woo; Lee, Jin Ho; Choi, Hang Moon; Park, In Woo; Lee, Suk Keun [Kangnung National Univ., Kangnung (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-09-15

    Thirteen-year-old girl complaining of the swelling and pain on the left midface visited our dental hospital. On the radiographic examination, well-defined radiolucent lesion with hyperostotic border was found in the left maxilla accompanying with the external root resorption of the involved teeth and the displaced second molar. CT showed calcified bodies, thinning of hard palate, inferior orbital wall and lateral wall of nasal fossa, and thinning and perforation of the buccal plate of the maxilla. Enucleation and curettage of the lesion and nasoantrostomy was carried out and histopathologic examination mainly showed a solid tumor tissue composed of odontogenic epithelium and pulp tissues admixed with dentin and enamel formation. And some part of reduced follicular epithelium of tooth germ showed a change mimicking calcifying odontogenic cyst. Taken together, we concluded the lesion is an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma with as change of calcifying odontogenic cyst.

  5. The "Hoover" (vacuum cleaner) technique for calcifying tendonitis deposits excision and removal of the calcific debris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehud, Atoun; Ehud, Rath; Alexander, Van Tongel; Ali, Narvani; Giusseppe, Sforza; Ofer, Levy

    2012-07-01

    A new technical tip for the improvement of the arthroscopic treatment of symptomatic calcifying tendinitis is described. Arthroscopic excision of calcifying tendonitis may result with multiple minute calcific debris in the subacromial bursa, causing severe post operative pain due to chemical irritation of the bursa. We suggest the use of a bladeless shaver barrel as a "Hoover" (vacuum cleaner) for arthroscopic clearance of these miniature calcific debris from the subacromial space after resection of the major deposits. The use of this technique resulted in good clinical outcome with improved post operative pain.

  6. The "Hoover" (vacuum cleaner technique for calcifying tendonitis deposits excision and removal of the calcific debris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atoun Ehud

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new technical tip for the improvement of the arthroscopic treatment of symptomatic calcifying tendinitis is described. Arthroscopic excision of calcifying tendonitis may result with multiple minute calcific debris in the subacromial bursa, causing severe post operative pain due to chemical irritation of the bursa. We suggest the use of a bladeless shaver barrel as a "Hoover" (vacuum cleaner for arthroscopic clearance of these miniature calcific debris from the subacromial space after resection of the major deposits. The use of this technique resulted in good clinical outcome with improved post operative pain.

  7. [Bilateral calcifying tendinitis of the long tendon of the biceps associated with a SLAP lesion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayayo Sinués, Esteban; Soriano Guillén, Antonia Pilar; Vela Marín, Ana Carmen; Martínez Pérez, Belén

    2010-01-01

    Calcifying tendinitis is a common disorder related to deposition of hidroxyapatite crystals, which is most common around the shoulder joint, involving the supraespinosus tendon. It can however, affect almost any tendon at its insertion. Clinical features are variable and include pain and inflammation that often resolves spontaneously. We present a case of bilateral calcifying tendinitis of the long head of the biceps tendon at its insertion on the superior glenoid rim associated with superior labrum antero-posterior tears (SLAP) confirmed by arthroscopy. Calcium deposits were surgically removed and the SLAP lesions were repaired.

  8. ‘Nanobacteria’and Periodontal diseases%“纳米细菌”与牙周病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斯玮(综述); 杨岚; 刘建国(审校)

    2014-01-01

    ‘Nanobacteria’,also known as calcifying nanoparticles (CNPs),with the diameter about 20~500 nm,is one kind of ultra microstructure calcifying particles.Nanobacteria have cytotoxic effect,can produce car-bonate apatite on their cell wall and initiate pathologic calcification.Nanobacteria have been found in kidney stone, atherosclerosis ,saliva ,gingival crevicular fluid ,pulp stone ,dental calculus and dental plaque.This paper summari-zes the research status and the relationship of nanobacteria with periodontal dieases.%“纳米细菌”,亦称之为纳米矿化颗粒,是一种直径约20~500 nm、具有自我复制能力、能产生坚硬生物矿化外壳、参与病理性钙化形成,且具有细胞毒性的超微结构物质。目前在肾结石、动脉粥样硬化斑块、唾液、龈沟液、髓石、牙石及牙菌斑中均发现了该物质。本文就“纳米细菌”的研究现状及其与牙周病之间的关系作一综述。

  9. The present status and prospect of studies on relationship between nanobacteria and congenital rickets%先天性佝偻病与纳米细菌关系研究的现状与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英; 张德纯; 陆合; 郭亚楠

    2011-01-01

    Congenital rickets is a special period of rickets after fetal born. It is etiology undetermined and would affect children skeletal development and immunity if deferment. Nanobacteria induced placental calcification has a relationship with children rickets, and is speculated to be linked with congenital rickets. Diagnosis and prevention of nanobacteria infection may have a clinical significance for the prevention of congenital rickets.%先天性佝偻病是胎儿出生后就发生的特殊阶段的佝偻病,病因并不十分清楚,迁延不愈会影响小儿骨骼发育和免疫功能.纳米细菌导致的胎盘钙化与小儿佝偻病有关,推测纳米细菌与先天性佝偻病有关.因此诊断和防治纳米细菌感染可能对于先天性佝偻病的预防有一定临床意义.

  10. CT and MRI findings of calcified spinal meningiomas: correlation with pathological findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ji Won; Kim, Hak Jin [Pusan National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Busan (Korea); Pusan National University School of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Busan (Korea); Lee, In Sook [Pusan National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Busan (Korea); Pusan National University School of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Busan (Korea); Pusan National University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Busan (Korea); Choi, Kyung-Un [Pusan National University School of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Busan (Korea); Pusan National University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Busan (Korea); Lee, Young Hwan [Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Daegu (Korea); Yi, Jae Hyuck [Kyungpook National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Daegu (Korea); Song, Jong Woon [Inje University Pusan Paik Hospital, Department of Radiology, Busan (Korea); Suh, Kyung Jin [Dongguk University Gyungju Hospital, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Department of Radiology, Gyungju (Korea)

    2010-04-15

    This study was designed to present characteristic CT and MR findings of calcified spinal meningiomas that correlate with pathological findings and to assess the efficacy of CT for the detection of calcifications within a mass in comparison to MRI. Between 1998 and 2009, 10 out of 11 patients who had pathologically confirmed psammomatous meningiomas showed gross calcifications on CT images and were included in this study. On CT scans of the 10 patients, the distribution pattern, morphology and number of calcifications within masses were evaluated. MRI was performed in seven patients and signal intensities of masses were assessed. The pathological results analyzed semi-quantitatively were compared with the density or the size of calcifications within a mass as seen on a CT scan. Seven of 10 masses were located at the thoracic spine level. Eight masses had intradural locations. The other two masses had extradural locations. Four masses were completely calcified based on standard radiographs and CT. Symptoms duration, the size of the mass and size or number of calcifications within a mass had no correlation. The location, size, and distribution pattern of calcifications within masses were variable. On MR images, signal intensity of calcified tumor varied on all imaging sequences. All the masses enhanced after injection of intravenous contrast material. A calcified meningioma should be first suggested when extradural or intradural masses located in the spine contain calcifications regardless of the size or pattern as depicted on CT, especially in the presence of enhancement as seen on MR images. (orig.)

  11. Localization and expression of osteopontin in the rotator cuff tendons in patients with calcifying tendinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, E; Sugamoto, K; Nakase, T; Miyamoto, T; Kaneko, M; Tomita, T; Myoui, A; Ochi, T; Yoshikawa, H

    2001-06-01

    Calcifying tendinitis of rotator cuff tendons is a common and painful condition caused by ectopic calcification in humans. To examine the involvement of osteopontin (OPN), a potent regulator of calcium deposition on connective tissues, localization and expression of OPN protein and messenger (m)RNA were investigated in human tissue samples of calcified rotator cuff tendons. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that OPN was localized in cells surrounding the calcified area. OPN was localized in two distinct cell types, i.e., fibroblast-like cells negative for CD68 and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and multinucleated macrophages positive for CD68 and TRAP. In situ hybridization revealed that the mRNA expression of OPN in these cells coincided with the immunohistochemistry results, and these results were supported by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis using human OPN-specific oligonucleotides. Cells located away from the calcified area did not express OPN. The present findings indicate the involvement of OPN in the process of calcification of rotator cuff tendons and suggest that OPN plays a role in such painful disorders through the actions of at least two cell types.

  12. Calcified Neurocysticercosis Associates with Hippocampal Atrophy: A Population-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Brutto, Oscar H.; Salgado, Perla; Lama, Julio; Del Brutto, Victor J.; Campos, Xavier; Zambrano, Mauricio; García, Héctor H.

    2015-01-01

    Calcified neurocysticercosis has been associated with hippocampal atrophy in patients with refractory epilepsy, but the relevance of this association in the population at large is unknown. We assessed calcified cysticerci and its association with hippocampal atrophy in elderly persons living in Atahualpa, an Ecuadorian village endemic for neurocysticercosis. All Atahualpa residents ≥ 60 years of age were invited to undergo computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging for neurocysticercosis detection. Twenty-eight (11%) out of 248 enrolled persons had calcified cysticerci (case-patients) and were matched 1:1 by age, sex, and years of education to individuals without neurocysticercosis on computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (controls). Four case-patients and none of the controls had epilepsy (P = 0.134). Cognitive performance was similar across both groups. The Scheltens' medial temporal atrophy scale was used for hippocampal rating in case-patients and matched controls without neurocysticercosis. Mean score in the Scheltens' scale was higher in case-patients than in controls (P < 0.001). Atrophic hippocampi were noticed in 19 case-patients and five controls (P = 0.003). Atrophy was bilateral in 11 case-patients and unilateral in eight. All case-patients with unilateral hippocampal atrophy had at least one ipsilateral calcification. This study shows an association between calcified cysticerci and hippocampal atrophy and raises the possibility of an inflammation-mediated hippocampal damage as the responsible mechanism for these findings. PMID:25349375

  13. Calcified neurocysticercosis associates with hippocampal atrophy: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Brutto, Oscar H; Salgado, Perla; Lama, Julio; Del Brutto, Victor J; Campos, Xavier; Zambrano, Mauricio; García, Héctor H

    2015-01-01

    Calcified neurocysticercosis has been associated with hippocampal atrophy in patients with refractory epilepsy, but the relevance of this association in the population at large is unknown. We assessed calcified cysticerci and its association with hippocampal atrophy in elderly persons living in Atahualpa, an Ecuadorian village endemic for neurocysticercosis. All Atahualpa residents ≥ 60 years of age were invited to undergo computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging for neurocysticercosis detection. Twenty-eight (11%) out of 248 enrolled persons had calcified cysticerci (case-patients) and were matched 1:1 by age, sex, and years of education to individuals without neurocysticercosis on computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (controls). Four case-patients and none of the controls had epilepsy (P = 0.134). Cognitive performance was similar across both groups. The Scheltens' medial temporal atrophy scale was used for hippocampal rating in case-patients and matched controls without neurocysticercosis. Mean score in the Scheltens' scale was higher in case-patients than in controls (P < 0.001). Atrophic hippocampi were noticed in 19 case-patients and five controls (P = 0.003). Atrophy was bilateral in 11 case-patients and unilateral in eight. All case-patients with unilateral hippocampal atrophy had at least one ipsilateral calcification. This study shows an association between calcified cysticerci and hippocampal atrophy and raises the possibility of an inflammation-mediated hippocampal damage as the responsible mechanism for these findings.

  14. Rapid mass movement of chloroplasts during segment formation of the calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larkum, Anthony W D; Salih, Anya; Kühl, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba is abundant on coral reefs and is important in the production of calcium carbonate sediments. The process by which new green segments are formed over-night is revealed here for the first time....

  15. Long-Term Trends in Calcifying Plankton and pH in the North Sea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beare, D.J.; McQuatters-Gollop, A.; Hammen, van der T.; Machiels, M.A.M.; Teoh, S.J.

    2013-01-01

    Relationships between six calcifying plankton groups and pH are explored in a highly biologically productive and data-rich area of the central North Sea using time-series datasets. The long-term trends show that abundances of foraminiferans, coccolithophores, and echinoderm larvae have risen over th

  16. Clear-cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor) in the mandible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ching-Yi Chen; Chung-Wei Wu; Wen-Chen Wang; Li-Min Lin; Yuk-Kwan Chen

    2013-01-01

    We present an uncommon case (female patient aged 59 years) of the clear-cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) (also known as Pindborg tumor) in the mandible. The clinical characteristics and probable origins of the clear tumor cells of previously reported cases of clear-cell variant of intraosseous CEOT are also summarized and discussed.

  17. Benthic marine calcifiers coexist with CaCO3-undersaturated seawater worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebrato, M.; Andersson, A. J.; Ries, J. B.; Aronson, R. B.; Lamare, M. D.; Koeve, W.; Oschlies, A.; Iglesias-Rodriguez, M. D.; Thatje, S.; Amsler, M.; Vos, S. C.; Jones, D. O. B.; Ruhl, H. A.; Gates, A. R.; McClintock, J. B.

    2016-07-01

    Ocean acidification and decreasing seawater saturation state with respect to calcium carbonate (CaCO3) minerals have raised concerns about the consequences to marine organisms that build CaCO3 structures. A large proportion of benthic marine calcifiers incorporate Mg2+ into their skeletons (Mg-calcite), which, in general, reduces mineral stability. The relative vulnerability of some marine calcifiers to ocean acidification appears linked to the relative solubility of their shell or skeletal mineralogy, although some organisms have sophisticated mechanisms for constructing and maintaining their CaCO3 structures causing deviation from this dependence. Nevertheless, few studies consider seawater saturation state with respect to the actual Mg-calcite mineralogy (ΩMg-x) of a species when evaluating the effect of ocean acidification on that species. Here, a global dataset of skeletal mole % MgCO3 of benthic calcifiers and in situ environmental conditions spanning a depth range of 0 m (subtidal/neritic) to 5600 m (abyssal) was assembled to calculate in situ ΩMg-x. This analysis shows that 24% of the studied benthic calcifiers currently experience seawater mineral undersaturation (ΩMg-x states when investigating the impact of CO2-induced ocean acidification on benthic marine calcification.

  18. Topographic congruence of calcified parenchymal neurocysticercosis and other structural brain lesions with epileptiform activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Erin K; Nagpal, Meera; Leon, Amanda; Mehta, Bijal; McMurtray, Aaron Matthew

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Calcified parenchymal neurocysticercosis (NCC) lesions are commonly detected in many individuals with refractory epilepsy. However, the relationship between these lesions and epilepsy is not fully determined. We sought to determine if calcified parenchymal NCC demonstrated topographic congruence with epileptiform activity in refractory epilepsy patients. Additional patients with other structural brain lesions were included for comparison. Subjects and Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of all patients treated at a community-based neurology clinic for refractory epilepsy during a 3-month period and with structural brain lesions detected by neuroimaging studies. Results: A total of 105 patients were included in the study, including 63 with calcified parenchymal NCC lesions and 42 with other structural brain lesions. No significant relationship was detected between hemispheric localization of calcified parenchymal NCC lesions and epileptiform activity. For those with other structural brain lesions, the hemispheric localization was significantly related to the side of epileptiform activity (Chi-square = 11.13, P = 0.025). In addition, logistic regression models showed that those with right-sided non-NCC lesions were more likely to have right-sided epileptiform activity (odds ratio = 4.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.16–16.31, P = 0.029), and those with left-sided non-NCC lesions were more likely to have left-sided epileptiform activity (odds ratio = 7.60, 95% CI = 1.89–30.49, P = 0.004). Conclusion: The lack of correlation between the side of calcified parenchymal NCC lesions and the side of the epileptiform activity suggests that these lesions may be incidental findings in many patients. PMID:26998434

  19. 纳米细菌在前列腺结石形成中的作用%Role of nanobacteria in the formation of the prostate stone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈学成; 熊朝晖; 陈军; 詹绍洋; 李丹洋; 周占松

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the role of nanobacteria (NB) in prostatic calculi formation,investigate anti-NB treatment of benign prostatic calculi is valid.Methods In prostate stones isolated,cultured and identified NB,NB established rat model induced prostate stones,and anti-NB-line therapy in patients with prostate stones.Results From the prostate stones isolated NB,and successfully build NB-induced rat model of prostatic calculi.Patients with prostatic calculi anti-NB treatment,ultrasonography showed stone diameter gradually reduced,significantly improved chronic pelvic pain syndrome.Conclusions NB are related with prostate stones formation,anti-NB treatment of prostate stones is effective.%目的 探讨纳米细菌(NB)在前列腺结石形成中的作用,观察抗NB治疗前列腺结石是否有效.方法 本组50例,从2例手术治疗取出的前列腺结石中分离、培养、鉴定NB,建立NB致大鼠前列腺结石模型,并对28例保守治疗的前列腺结石患者行抗NB治疗.结果 从前列腺结石中分离出NB,并成功建立NB致大鼠前列腺结石模型.前列腺结石患者行抗NB治疗后,彩超显示结石直径逐渐缩小,慢性骨盆疼痛综合征(C PPS)症状显著改善.结论 NB与前列腺结石形成有关,抗NB治疗前列腺结石有效.

  20. Research of nanobacteria leading to rabbit gallstone produce%纳米细菌致兔胆囊结石的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘亚楠; 张国彬; 马立人

    2011-01-01

    ①目的 通过对胆汁培养的纳米细菌(Nanobacteria Nb)感染日本大耳白兔致胆结石形成,探讨纳米细菌感染与胆石症发生的相关性.②方法 用从胆汁中培养出的纳米细菌感染日本大耳白兔,3周后处死日本大耳白兔,记录成石情况.③结果 胆石症患者胆汁纳米细菌感染性实验中纳米细菌感染组胆结石发生率81.25%与DMEM对照组6.25%和羟基磷灰石(Hap)对照组18.75%比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).日本大耳白兔胆汁纳米细菌感染性实验中Nb感染组胆结石发生率56.25%与含各种氨基酸和葡萄糖的培养基(DMEM)对照组6.25%和灭活纳米细菌对照组12.50%比较,差异有统计学意义P<0.05.④结论 实验动物感染纳米细菌后能在短期内产生胆囊结石;由被感染的实验日本大耳白兔胆汁培养出的纳米细菌能再次感染日本大耳白兔并致胆结石形成.

  1. Calcifying Aponeurotic Fibroma with Osseous Involvement of the Finger: a Case Report with Radiologic and US Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Soo Jung; Ahn, Jae Hong; Kang, Gil Hyun; Lee, Jong Hyeog; Park, Man Soo; Ryu, Dae Sik; Jung, Seung Moon [GangNeung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-02-15

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare soft tissue tumor that occurs in the distal extremities of children and adolescents. We report ultrasound and X-ray findings of a calcifying aponeurotic fibroma in the finger of a 36-year-old woman, associated with distal phalangeal bone involvement. Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare, locally aggressive fibroblastic lesion occurring primarily in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet in young children and adolescents under 20 years of age. Clinical presentation is a unique, hard, and painless palpable mass. This soft tissue tumor typically infiltrates into the surrounding fascia or muscle and has a predilection for recurrence after surgical removal. However, bone involvement in calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a very rare condition and we found only three pediatric cases in the literature. We present the ultrasound and radiographic findings of a calcifying aponeurotic fibroma in the finger of a 36-year-old woman, associated with erosive bone destruction of the distal phalanx. In summary, calcifying aponeurotic fibroma is a rare soft tissue tumor that presents as a painless mass primarily on the volar surface of the hands and plantar aspects of the feet in juveniles, but this tumor should be also included in differential diagnoses of any mass with calcification and adjacent bone involvement in the distal phalanx of the finger. In addition, US could be useful for the preoperative evaluation of digital calcifying aponeurotic fibroma.

  2. Differential responses of calcifying and non-calcifying epibionts of a brown macroalga to present-day and future upwelling pCO2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Saderne

    Full Text Available Seaweeds are key species of the Baltic Sea benthic ecosystems. They are the substratum of numerous fouling epibionts like bryozoans and tubeworms. Several of these epibionts bear calcified structures and could be impacted by the high pCO2 events of the late summer upwellings in the Baltic nearshores. Those events are expected to increase in strength and duration with global change and ocean acidification. If calcifying epibionts are impacted by transient acidification as driven by upwelling events, their increasing prevalence could cause a shift of the fouling communities toward fleshy species. The aim of the present study was to test the sensitivity of selected seaweed macrofoulers to transient elevation of pCO2 in their natural microenvironment, i.e. the boundary layer covering the thallus surface of brown seaweeds. Fragments of the macroalga Fucus serratus bearing an epibiotic community composed of the calcifiers Spirorbis spirorbis (Annelida and Electra pilosa (Bryozoa and the non-calcifier Alcyonidium hirsutum (Bryozoa were maintained for 30 days under three pCO2 conditions: natural 460 ± 59 µatm, present-day upwelling1193 ± 166 µatm and future upwelling 3150 ± 446 µatm. Only the highest pCO2 caused a significant reduction of growth rates and settlement of S. spirorbis individuals. Additionally, S. spirorbis settled juveniles exhibited enhanced calcification of 40% during daylight hours compared to dark hours, possibly reflecting a day-night alternation of an acidification-modulating effect by algal photosynthesis as opposed to an acidification-enhancing effect of algal respiration. E. pilosa colonies showed significantly increased growth rates at intermediate pCO2 (1193 µatm but no response to higher pCO2. No effect of acidification on A. hirsutum colonies growth rates was observed. The results suggest a remarkable resistance of the algal macro-epibionts to levels of acidification occurring at present day upwellings in the Baltic

  3. Aggressive plaque modification with rotational atherectomy and cutting balloon for optimal stent expansion in calcified lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Zhe; Bai, Jing; Su, Shao-Ping; Lee, Pui-Wai; Peng, Liang; Zhang, Tao; Sun, Ting; Nong, Jing-Guo; Li, Tian-De; Wang, Yu

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the factors affecting optimal stent expansion in calcified lesions treated by aggressive plaque modification with rotational atherectomy (RA) and a cutting balloon (CB). Methods From January 2014 to May 2015, 92 patients with moderate to severe coronary calcified lesions underwent rotational atherectomy and intravascular ultrasound imaging at Chinese PLA General Hospital (Beijing, China) were included in this study. They were divided into a rotational artherectomy combined with cutting balloon (RACB) group (46 patients treated with RA followed by CB angioplasty) and an RA group (46 patients treated with RA followed by plain balloon angioplasty). Another 40 patients with similar severity of their calcified lesions treated with plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) were demographically matched to the other groups and defined as the POBA group. All patients received a drug-eluting stent after plaque preparation. Lumen diameter and lumen diameter stenosis (LDS) were measured by quantitative coronary angiography at baseline, after RA, after dilatation, and after stenting. Optimal stent expansion was defined as the final LDS < 10%. Results The initial and post-RA LDS values were similar among the three groups. However, after dilatation, the LDS significantly decreased in the RACB group (from 54.5% ± 8.9% to 36.1% ± 7.1%) but only moderately decreased (from 55.7% ± 7.8% to 46.9% ± 9.4%) in the RA group (time × group, P < 0.001). After stenting, there was a higher rate of optimal stent expansion in the RACB group (71.7% in the RACB group, 54.5% in the RA group, and 15% in the POBA group, P < 0.001), and the final LDS was significantly diminished in the RACB group compared to the other two groups (6.0% ± 2.3%, 10.8% ± 3.3%, 12.7% ± 2.1%, P < 0.001). Moreover, an LDS ≤ 40% after plaque preparation (OR = 2.994, 95% CI: 1.297–6.911) was associated with optimal stent expansion, which also had a positive correlation with the appearance of a

  4. "纳米细菌"与疾病的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区德明; 廖贵清

    2008-01-01

    @@ 20世纪80年代后期,芬兰科学家Kajander等在进行哺乳动物细胞培养时,用透射电子显微镜扫描检查时发现细胞内存在一种超微结构.1990年他正式将这种原核微生物命名为"纳米细菌"(nanobacteria,NB),并申请了专利,后来将其称为"钙化性纳米颗粒"(calcifying nanoparticles,CNP).

  5. A pigmented calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor associated with compound odontoma: a case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borkosky Silvia S

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pigmented intraosseous odontogenic lesions are rare with only 47 reported cases in the English literature. Among them, pigmented calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, formerly known as calcifying odontogenic cyst, is the most common lesion with 20 reported cases. Methods A case of pigmented calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor associated with odontoma occurring at the mandibular canine-premolar region of a young Japanese boy is presented with radiographic, and histological findings. Special staining, electron microscopic study and immunohistochemical staining were also done to characterize the pigmentation. Results The pigments in the lesion were confirmed to be melanin by Masson-Fontana staining and by transmission electron microscopy. The presence of dendritic melanocytes within the lesion was also demonstrated by S-100 immunostaining. Conclusion The present case report of pigmented calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor associated with odontoma features a comprehensive study on melanin and melanocytes, including histochemical, immunohistochemical and transmission electron microscopic findings.

  6. Large calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor with extension into the maxillary sinus: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rosa, Marize Raquel Diniz; de Oliveira, James Maxwell Souza; Dias-Ribeiro, Eduardo; Ferreira-Rocha, Julierme; de Barros, Iolanda Maria Cariry Carvalho Lacet; Lopes, Patricia de Medeiros Loureiro

    2011-01-01

    Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare, locally invasive neoplasm characterized by the presence of amyloid material that can become calcified. It often is found in the posterior region of the mandible. Such tumors in the maxilla and those that invade the maxillary sinus are extremely rare. This article presents the sixth reported clinical case of a CEOT that invaded the maxillary sinus and extended to the interior of the nasal cavity. The tumor had grown toward the sinus roof, but there was no association with an impacted tooth. Histopathologically, the tumor was composed of plates of polyhedral epithelial cells with highly eosinoplilic cytoplasm, nuclear polymorphism, clear-cell contours, and intercellular bridges in fibrous conjunctive tissue. Amorphous eosinophilic material and diverse calcifications permeated the epithelial cells.

  7. Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor: A case of suspected immunoglobulin G4-related gastric disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hejun Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal lesions resulting from immunoglobulin G4-related disease are classified into two types: One is a gastrointestinal lesion showing marked thickening of the wall, and the other is an IgG4-related pseudotumor. We report the case of a woman with gastric calcifying fibrous tumor undergoing endoscopic resection that contained 62 IgG4+ plasma cells per high-power field and an IgG4-to-IgG ratio of 41% in lesional plasma cells, which shared clinical and histopathological features associated with gastric IgG4-related pseudotumor. So, we postulate that calcifying fibrous tumor as part of the spectrum of IgG4-related disease might be the unifying concept with IgG4-related pseudotumor. Meanwhile, the patient had coexistent autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune atrophic gastritis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and possible primary biliary cirrhosis. The clinical follow-up evaluation was uneventful.

  8. Bilateral Calcifying Cystic Odontogenic Tumour of Mandible: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Pragun; Mhapuskar, Amit

    2015-01-01

    Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumour (CCOT) is a relatively rare lesion of oral and maxillofacial region and forms only 2% of all odontogenic tumours. It was previously known as Calcifying odontogenic cyst and only recently has been classified as a tumour by WHO. The controversy regarding its origin can be owed to its diverse clinical and histopathological presentation and variation in reported malignant potential. It was first reported by Gorlin in 1962 and since then conundrum regarding its true nature has persisted. It is seen in association with other lesions like odontoma, ameloblastoma and ameloblastic fibroma. Both intra-osseous and extra-osseous forms of CCOT have been reported. It commnoly occurs in anterior region with equal preponderance in maxilla and mandible. Here we present a rare case of bilateral CCOT in the posterior mandible of a 16-year-old male patient which was discovered incidentally during a radiographic examination. PMID:26673837

  9. Arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendonitis of subscapularis and supraspinatus tendon: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ifesanya, Adeleke; Scheibel, Markus

    2007-12-01

    Reports concerning the surgical treatment of calcifying tendinits of the subscapularis tendon are rare. We present the case of a symptomatic calcifying tendonitis involving the subscapularis and supraspinatus tendons. The patient was treated with an arthroscopic removal of the calcific deposits. One year after the surgical procedure the patient was completely pain free, had full range-of-motion and negative supraspinatus and subscapularis signs on manual muscle testing. The overall constant score was 93 points. Radiographic evaluation revealed a complete removal of the calcific deposits immediately after the procedure without recurrence after 1 year. We conclude that a combined arthroscopic removal of the calcific deposits of the subscapularis and supraspinatus tendons can lead to an excellent clinical outcome without compromising the functional integrity of the rotator cuff tendons.

  10. Bilateral Calcifying Cystic Odontogenic Tumour of Mandible: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khandelwal, Pragun; Aditya, Amita; Mhapuskar, Amit

    2015-11-01

    Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumour (CCOT) is a relatively rare lesion of oral and maxillofacial region and forms only 2% of all odontogenic tumours. It was previously known as Calcifying odontogenic cyst and only recently has been classified as a tumour by WHO. The controversy regarding its origin can be owed to its diverse clinical and histopathological presentation and variation in reported malignant potential. It was first reported by Gorlin in 1962 and since then conundrum regarding its true nature has persisted. It is seen in association with other lesions like odontoma, ameloblastoma and ameloblastic fibroma. Both intra-osseous and extra-osseous forms of CCOT have been reported. It commnoly occurs in anterior region with equal preponderance in maxilla and mandible. Here we present a rare case of bilateral CCOT in the posterior mandible of a 16-year-old male patient which was discovered incidentally during a radiographic examination.

  11. Rapid mass movement of chloroplasts during segment formation of the calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larkum, Anthony W D; Salih, Anya; Kühl, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba is abundant on coral reefs and is important in the production of calcium carbonate sediments. The process by which new green segments are formed over-night is revealed here for the first time.......The calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba is abundant on coral reefs and is important in the production of calcium carbonate sediments. The process by which new green segments are formed over-night is revealed here for the first time....

  12. Calcified subdural haematomas associated with arrested hydrocephalus - late sequelae of shunt operation in infancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barmeir, E.P.; Stern, D.; Harel, S.; Holtzman M.; Krije, T.J.

    1985-08-01

    Calcified chronic subdural haematoms (SDH) and features of arrested (compensated) hydrocephalus were demonstrated by skull radiography and cranial computed tomography (CT) in two children who had no neurological deficit. Ventricular surgical drainage had been performed 8 and 11 years prior to admission and the haematomas remained subsequently undetected. The following presentation will serve to illustrate the characteristic radiological features of this entity, the issue of management, and includes a review of the literature.

  13. Coincidence of calcified carotid atheromatous plaque, osteoporosis, and periodontal bone loss in dental panoramic radiographs

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh, Aruna; Soroushian, Sheila; Ganguly, Rumpa

    2013-01-01

    Purpose This study was performed to assess the correlation of calcified carotid atheromatous plaque (CCAP), the mandibular cortical index, and periodontal bone loss in panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods One hundred eighty-five panoramic radiographs with CCAP and 234 without this finding were evaluated by 3 observers for the presence of osseous changes related to osteoporosis and periodontal bone loss. Chi-squared and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare the two groups for an as...

  14. [Evaluation of aortic valve replacement involving small severely calcified aortic annulus in elderly patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwahashi, M; Nishimura, Y; Hiramatsu, K; Komori, S; Shibata, M; Yuzaki, M; Okamura, Y

    2006-04-01

    We performed aortic valve replacement in 24 patients aged over 70 with small calcified valves. The surgical management of such patients remains controversial as the extensive calcification compromises implantation. Hence, we used an ultrasonic debridement instrument to remove calcium and selected a small prosthesis with the largest possible orifice without enlargement of the aortic annulus. Echocardiography showed significant reductions in left ventricular mass index compared with preoperative values. Early and mid-term prognosis has been relatively good.

  15. Clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of maxilla: Report of a rare case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badrashetty, Dinesh; Rangaswamy, Shruthi; Belgode, Niranjan

    2013-09-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign tumor of the jaws. Pindborg's tumor having clear cells is extremely rare. Twelve central lesions have been reported of which only three cases have occurred in maxilla. Clear cell variant is a distinct entity, has more aggressive biological behavior and higher chances of recurrence. Hence it is important that presence of clear cells be included in histopathological diagnosis. Here we present a rare case of clear cell CEOT having aggressive behavior.

  16. Calcified right intraventricular thrombus in a patient with systemic lupus erythematous and antiphospholipid syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittencourt, Márcio Sommer; Seltmann, Martin; Muschiol, Gerd; Achenbach, Stephan

    2010-01-01

    A 37-year-old patient with known systemic lupus erythematous, antiphospholipid syndrome and previous pulmonary embolism presented with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction while on adequate anticoagulation therapy. The patient was further evaluated with cardiac computed tomography. A small diagonal branch occlusion was the only coronary lesion present. A partially calcified right ventricular thrombus was incidentally found. Because of the small vessel size, cardiac catheterization was deemed unnecessary, and the patient was discharged with adjustment of immunosuppressive therapy and anticoagulation.

  17. Calcifying Tendonitis of the Shoulder: Risk Factors and Effectiveness of Acetic Acid Iontophoresis and Ultrasound

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To clinically characterize calcifying tendonitis of the shoulder (CT) through a prospective quasi-experimental before-and-after study, which provides a level of demonstrable evidence to support the decision-making and demonstrate the effectiveness of acetic acid iontophoresis and ultrasound in the treatment of CT. Methods Prospective, quasi-experimental before-after intervention study was conducted on 44 patients who re...

  18. RNA expression profile of calcified bicuspid, tricuspid, and normal human aortic valves by RNA sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guauque-Olarte, Sandra; Droit, Arnaud; Tremblay-Marchand, Joël; Gaudreault, Nathalie; Kalavrouziotis, Dimitri; Dagenais, Francois; Seidman, Jonathan G; Body, Simon C; Pibarot, Philippe; Mathieu, Patrick; Bossé, Yohan

    2016-10-01

    The molecular mechanisms leading to premature development of aortic valve stenosis (AS) in individuals with a bicuspid aortic valve are unknown. The objective of this study was to identify genes differentially expressed between calcified bicuspid aortic valves (BAVc) and tricuspid valves with (TAVc) and without (TAVn) AS using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). We collected 10 human BAVc and nine TAVc from men who underwent primary aortic valve replacement. Eight TAVn were obtained from men who underwent heart transplantation. mRNA levels were measured by RNA-Seq and compared between valve groups. Two genes were upregulated, and none were downregulated in BAVc compared with TAVc, suggesting a similar gene expression response to AS in individuals with bicuspid and tricuspid valves. There were 462 genes upregulated and 282 downregulated in BAVc compared with TAVn. In TAVc compared with TAVn, 329 genes were up- and 170 were downregulated. A total of 273 upregulated and 147 downregulated genes were concordantly altered between BAVc vs. TAVn and TAVc vs. TAVn, which represent 56 and 84% of significant genes in the first and second comparisons, respectively. This indicates that extra genes and pathways were altered in BAVc. Shared pathways between calcified (BAVc and TAVc) and normal (TAVn) aortic valves were also more extensively altered in BAVc. The top pathway enriched for genes differentially expressed in calcified compared with normal valves was fibrosis, which support the remodeling process as a therapeutic target. These findings are relevant to understand the molecular basis of AS in patients with bicuspid and tricuspid valves.

  19. Characterising the microbiome of Corallina officinalis, a dominant calcified intertidal red alga.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodie, Juliet; Williamson, Christopher; Barker, Gary L; Walker, Rachel H; Briscoe, Andrew; Yallop, Marian

    2016-08-01

    The living prokaryotic microbiome of the calcified geniculate (articulated) red alga, Corallina officinalis from the intertidal seashore is characterised for the first time based on the V6 hypervariable region of 16S rRNA. Results revealed an extraordinary diversity of bacteria associated with the microbiome. Thirty-five prokaryotic phyla were recovered, of which Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Planctomycetes, Acidobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Firmicutes and Chloroflexi made up the core microbiome. Unclassified sequences made up 25% of sequences, suggesting insufficient sampling of the world's oceans/macroalgae. The greatest diversity in the microbiome was on the upper shore, followed by the lower shore then the middle shore, although the microbiome community composition did not vary between shore levels. The C. officinalis core microbiome was broadly similar in composition to those reported in the literature for crustose coralline algae (CCAs) and free-living rhodoliths. Differences in relative abundance of the phyla between the different types of calcified macroalgal species may relate to the intertidal versus subtidal habit of the taxa and functionality of the microbiome components. The results indicate that much work is needed to identify prokaryotic taxa, and to determine the nature of the relationship of the bacteria with the calcified host spatially, temporally and functionally.

  20. Pacific-wide contrast highlights resistance of reef calcifiers to ocean acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comeau, S; Carpenter, R C; Nojiri, Y; Putnam, H M; Sakai, K; Edmunds, P J

    2014-09-01

    Ocean acidification (OA) and its associated decline in calcium carbonate saturation states is one of the major threats that tropical coral reefs face this century. Previous studies of the effect of OA on coral reef calcifiers have described a wide variety of outcomes for studies using comparable partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) ranges, suggesting that key questions remain unresolved. One unresolved hypothesis posits that heterogeneity in the response of reef calcifiers to high pCO2 is a result of regional-scale variation in the responses to OA. To test this hypothesis, we incubated two coral taxa (Pocillopora damicornis and massive Porites) and two calcified algae (Porolithon onkodes and Halimeda macroloba) under 400, 700 and 1000 μatm pCO2 levels in experiments in Moorea (French Polynesia), Hawaii (USA) and Okinawa (Japan), where environmental conditions differ. Both corals and H. macroloba were insensitive to OA at all three locations, while the effects of OA on P. onkodes were location-specific. In Moorea and Hawaii, calcification of P. onkodes was depressed by high pCO2, but for specimens in Okinawa, there was no effect of OA. Using a study of large geographical scale, we show that resistance to OA of some reef species is a constitutive character expressed across the Pacific.

  1. Comparative Study of US Features, US-guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology, and Pathology Results for Eggshell Calcified Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Yoon Nae; Kim, Dong Wook [Dept. of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    The aim of this study was to investigate ultrasound (US) findings of eggshell calcified thyroid nodules associated with thyroid malignancy and the diagnostic usefulness for US-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (US-FNAC) of eggshell calcified thyroid nodules. We analyzed 36 eggshell calcified thyroid nodules in 35 patients who underwent thyroid US and US-FNAC from January to December of 2009. We compared the US findings and US-FNAC results with the pathologic results confirmed by surgery. Twenty eggshell calcified nodules were surgically removed in 19 patients, from which 8 papillary thyroid carcinomas and 12 hyperplasia nodules were confirmed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values, as well as accuracy for US diagnosis and US-FNAC of eggshell calcified nodules were 100% and 20%, 25% and 100%, 43.8% and 100%, 100% and 63.6%, and 55% and 66.7%, respectively. The results of this study indicate that thick peripheral hypoechoic rim and thickening of eggshell calcified nodules are significantly related to malignancy, but focal disruption of eggshell calcification is not.

  2. Characterization of granulations of calcium and apatite in serum as pleomorphic mineralo-protein complexes and as precursors of putative nanobacteria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D Young

    Full Text Available Calcium and apatite granulations are demonstrated here to form in both human and fetal bovine serum in response to the simple addition of either calcium or phosphate, or a combination of both. These granulations are shown to represent precipitating complexes of protein and hydroxyapatite (HAP that display marked pleomorphism, appearing as round, laminated particles, spindles, and films. These same complexes can be found in normal untreated serum, albeit at much lower amounts, and appear to result from the progressive binding of serum proteins with apatite until reaching saturation, upon which the mineralo-protein complexes precipitate. Chemically and morphologically, these complexes are virtually identical to the so-called nanobacteria (NB implicated in numerous diseases and considered unusual for their small size, pleomorphism, and the presence of HAP. Like NB, serum granulations can seed particles upon transfer to serum-free medium, and their main protein constituents include albumin, complement components 3 and 4A, fetuin-A, and apolipoproteins A1 and B100, as well as other calcium and apatite binding proteins found in the serum. However, these serum mineralo-protein complexes are formed from the direct chemical binding of inorganic and organic phases, bypassing the need for any biological processes, including the long cultivation in cell culture conditions deemed necessary for the demonstration of NB. Thus, these serum granulations may result from physiologically inherent processes that become amplified with calcium phosphate loading or when subjected to culturing in medium. They may be viewed as simple mineralo-protein complexes formed from the deployment of calcification-inhibitory pathways used by the body to cope with excess calcium phosphate so as to prevent unwarranted calcification. Rather than representing novel pathophysiological mechanisms or exotic lifeforms, these results indicate that the entities described earlier as NB most

  3. Nanobacteria induces Type Ⅲ prostatitis in rats%纳米细菌致Ⅲ型前列腺炎的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明爱民; 沈学成; 周占松; 宋波

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)对大鼠前列腺的慢性致炎作用.方法 成年雄性SD大鼠40只,分为3组:对照组、模型组、四环素治疗组,分别为16、16、8只.模型组和四环素治疗组由尿道逆行注入NB建立大鼠动物模型.4周后,对照组、模型组各处死8只动物,观察前列腺组织中白细胞、卵磷脂小体及病理变化.治疗组用四环素灌胃治疗,其余动物用蒸馏水灌胃,连续4周,处死剩余动物,进行同样的观察.并将所有动物前列腺组织进行NB再分离、培养和鉴定.结果 同对照组比较,4周后所有模型组动物前列腺组织呈慢性炎症改变,白细胞数明显升高,卵磷脂小体数明显下降(P<0.05).8周后同模型组比较,治疗组动物炎症明显减轻,白细胞数明显下降,卵磷脂小体数明显升高(P<0.05).模型组16只动物NB培养均阳性,对照组均阴性.结论 NB能引起大鼠前列腺慢性炎症,NB可能是Ⅲ型前列腺炎的病因.四环素抗NB治疗有效.

  4. Chronic Inflaming Effect of Nanobacteria on Prostates of Rats%纳米细菌对大鼠前列腺的慢性致炎作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明爱民; 沈学成; 周占松; 宋波

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究纳米细菌(nanobacteria, NB)对大鼠前列腺的慢性致炎作用,为Ⅲ型前列腺炎病因学研究提供实验依据. 方法 成年雄性SD大鼠50只,随机分为3组:对照组20只,模型组20只,四环素治疗组10只.模型组和四环素治疗组由尿道逆行注入NB建立大鼠动物模型.4周后, 对照组、模型组各处死10只动物,观察前列腺组织中白细胞、卵磷脂小体及病理变化.治疗组用四环素灌胃治疗,其余动物用蒸馏水灌胃,连续4周,处死剩余动物,进行同样的观察.并将所有动物前列腺组织进行NB再分 离、培养和鉴定.结果 同对照组比较,4周后模型组动物前列腺组织呈慢性炎症改变,白细胞数明显升高,卵磷脂小体数明显下降,有明显差异(P<0.05);8周后同模型组比较,治疗组动物炎症明显减轻,白细胞数明显下降,卵磷脂小体数升高;模型组与对照组和治疗组比较有差异(P<0.05).对照组和治疗组无差异.模型组有19只动物NB培养阳性,对照组均阴性.结论 NB能引起大鼠前列腺慢性炎症,四环素抗NB治疗有效.NB可能是Ⅲ型前列腺炎的病因.

  5. 上尿路结石患者血清、尿液、结石中纳米细菌的检测%Detection of nanobacteria in serum,urine and calculus of patients with upper urinary calculi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟宏伟; 朱永生; 邓清富; 陈同良

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the infection status of nanobacteria on patients with upper urinary calculi and healthy sub-jects ,and analyze the role of nanobacteria in the formation of upper urinary calculi .Methods The serum ,urine and calculus of 42 patients with upper urinary calculi were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and by bacteria cultivation with 10% γ-FBS and PMBI 1640 .The resulting PCR products were sequenced for further comparison with the reported sequence in gene bank . The serum and urine from 30 healthy adults were used as controls .Results After 4 to 6 weeks′culture ,the white or yellow precipi-tate was visible at the bottom of the tube .The positive rate of PCR was 90 .4% in calculous patients urine and 6 .7% in healthy a-dults urine ,as the positive was 92 .8% and 6 .7% in serum .which there is significant difference (P<0 .01) .The positive rate of the nanabactria in urinary calculi was 95 .2% .The coincidence rate was 98 .72% between the PCR products and the reported sequence in gene bank .Conclusion Nanobacteria are widely existed in the serum ,urine and calculus of the patients with upper urinary calcu-li ,this indicate that the nanobacteria might be have the most important influence on the formation process of urinary calculi .%目的:检测上尿路结石患者与健康者的血清、尿液里纳米细菌和尿路结石标本里的纳米细菌感染情况,分析纳米细菌在尿路结石形成中的作用。方法对30例健康者和42例上尿路结石患者的血清、尿液标本以及后者的结石标本处理后用含10%热灭活γ-胎牛血清(γ-FBS)的 PMBI 1640培养基行纳米细菌培养,观察其生长情况,并对培养后的标本行聚合酶链反应(PCR)检测,PCR产物通过测序与原序列比对进一步分析。结果培养4~6周后,部分培养管底出现肉眼可见的白色(或黄色)絮状物或沉淀物。PCR检测结石患者与健康者的血清纳

  6. A universal carbonate ion effect on stable oxygen isotope ratios in unicellular planktonic calcifying organisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Ziveri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O of calcium carbonate of planktonic calcifying organisms is a key tool for reconstructing both past seawater temperature and salinity. The calibration of paloeceanographic proxies relies in general on empirical relationships derived from field experiments on extant species. Laboratory experiments have more often than not revealed that variables other than the target parameter influence the proxy signal, which makes proxy calibration a challenging task. Understanding these secondary or "vital" effects is crucial for increasing proxy accuracy. We present data from laboratory experiments showing that oxygen isotope fractionation during calcification in the coccolithophore Calcidiscus leptoporus and the calcareous dinoflagellate Thoracosphaera heimii is dependent on carbonate chemistry of seawater in addition to its dependence on temperature. A similar result has previously been reported for planktonic foraminifera, supporting the idea that the [CO32−] effect on δ18O is universal for unicellular calcifying planktonic organisms. The slopes of the δ18O/[CO32−] relationships range between –0.0243‰ (μmol kg−1−1 (calcareous dinoflagellate T. heimii and the previously published –0.0022‰ (μmol kg−1−1 (non-symbiotic planktonic foramifera Orbulina universa, while C. leptoporus has a slope of –0.0048 ‰ (μmol kg−1−1. We present a simple conceptual model, based on the contribution of δ18O-enriched HCO3 to the CO32− pool in the calcifying vesicle, which can explain the [CO32−] effect on δ18O for the different unicellular calcifiers. This approach provides a new insight into biological fractionation in calcifying organisms

  7. A universal carbonate ion effect on stable oxygen isotope ratios in unicellular planktonic calcifying organisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Ziveri

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O of calcium carbonate of planktonic calcifying organisms is a key tool for reconstructing both past seawater temperature and salinity. The calibration of paloeceanographic proxies relies in general on empirical relationships derived from experiments on extant species. Laboratory experiments have more often than not revealed that variables other than the target parameter influence the proxy signal, which makes proxy calibration a challenging task. Understanding these secondary or "vital" effects is crucial for increasing proxy accuracy and possibly for developing new biomarkers. We present data from laboratory experiments showing that oxygen isotope fractionation during calcification in the coccolithophore Calcidiscus leptoporus and the calcareous dinoflagellate Thoracosphaera heimii is dependent on carbonate chemistry of seawater in addition to its dependence on temperature. A similar result has previously been reported for planktonic foraminifera, suggesting that the [CO32−] effect on δ18O is universal for unicellular calcifying planktonic organisms. The slopes of the δ18O/[CO32−] relationships range between −0.0243 (μmol kg−1−1 (calcareous dinoflagellate T. heimii and the previously published 0.0022 (μmol kg−1−1 (non-symbiotic planktonic foramifera Orbulina universa, while C. leptoporus has a slope of 0.0048 (μmol kg−1−1. We present a simple conceptual model, based on the contribution of δ18O-enriched HCO3 to the CO32− pool in the calcifying vesicle, which can explain the [CO32−] effect on δ18O for the different unicellular calcifiers. This approach provides a new insight into biological fractionation in

  8. Effects of Ocean Acidification and Temperature Increases on the Photosynthesis of Tropical Reef Calcified Macroalgae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherner, Fernando; Pereira, Cristiano Macedo; Duarte, Gustavo; Horta, Paulo Antunes; E Castro, Clovis Barreira; Barufi, José Bonomi; Pereira, Sonia Maria Barreto

    2016-01-01

    Climate change is a global phenomenon that is considered an important threat to marine ecosystems. Ocean acidification and increased seawater temperatures are among the consequences of this phenomenon. The comprehension of the effects of these alterations on marine organisms, in particular on calcified macroalgae, is still modest despite its great importance. There are evidences that macroalgae inhabiting highly variable environments are relatively resilient to such changes. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate experimentally the effects of CO2-driven ocean acidification and temperature rises on the photosynthesis of calcified macroalgae inhabiting the intertidal region, a highly variable environment. The experiments were performed in a reef mesocosm in a tropical region on the Brazilian coast, using three species of frondose calcifying macroalgae (Halimeda cuneata, Padina gymnospora, and Tricleocarpa cylindrica) and crustose coralline algae. The acidification experiment consisted of three treatments with pH levels below those occurring in the region (-0.3, -0.6, -0.9). For the temperature experiment, three temperature levels above those occurring naturally in the region (+1, +2, +4°C) were determined. The results of the acidification experiment indicate an increase on the optimum quantum yield by T. cylindrica and a decline of this parameter by coralline algae, although both only occurred at the extreme acidification treatment (-0.9). The energy dissipation mechanisms of these algae were also altered at this extreme condition. Significant effects of the temperature experiment were limited to an enhancement of the photosynthetic performance by H. cuneata although only at a modest temperature increase (+1°C). In general, the results indicate a possible photosynthetic adaptation and/or acclimation of the studied macroalgae to the expected future ocean acidification and temperature rises, as separate factors. Such relative resilience may be a result of the

  9. Effects of Ocean Acidification and Temperature Increases on the Photosynthesis of Tropical Reef Calcified Macroalgae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Scherner

    Full Text Available Climate change is a global phenomenon that is considered an important threat to marine ecosystems. Ocean acidification and increased seawater temperatures are among the consequences of this phenomenon. The comprehension of the effects of these alterations on marine organisms, in particular on calcified macroalgae, is still modest despite its great importance. There are evidences that macroalgae inhabiting highly variable environments are relatively resilient to such changes. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate experimentally the effects of CO2-driven ocean acidification and temperature rises on the photosynthesis of calcified macroalgae inhabiting the intertidal region, a highly variable environment. The experiments were performed in a reef mesocosm in a tropical region on the Brazilian coast, using three species of frondose calcifying macroalgae (Halimeda cuneata, Padina gymnospora, and Tricleocarpa cylindrica and crustose coralline algae. The acidification experiment consisted of three treatments with pH levels below those occurring in the region (-0.3, -0.6, -0.9. For the temperature experiment, three temperature levels above those occurring naturally in the region (+1, +2, +4°C were determined. The results of the acidification experiment indicate an increase on the optimum quantum yield by T. cylindrica and a decline of this parameter by coralline algae, although both only occurred at the extreme acidification treatment (-0.9. The energy dissipation mechanisms of these algae were also altered at this extreme condition. Significant effects of the temperature experiment were limited to an enhancement of the photosynthetic performance by H. cuneata although only at a modest temperature increase (+1°C. In general, the results indicate a possible photosynthetic adaptation and/or acclimation of the studied macroalgae to the expected future ocean acidification and temperature rises, as separate factors. Such relative resilience may be a

  10. Effect of chronic uremia on the transcriptional profile of the calcified aorta analyzed by RNA sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rukov, Jakob L; Gravesen, Eva; Mace, Maria L; Hofman-Bang, Jacob; Vinther, Jeppe; Andersen, Claus B; Lewin, Ewa; Olgaard, Klaus

    2016-03-15

    The development of vascular calcification (VC) in chronic uremia (CU) is a tightly regulated process controlled by factors promoting and inhibiting mineralization. Next-generation high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is a powerful and sensitive tool for quantitative gene expression profiling and the detection of differentially expressed genes. In the present study, we, for the first time, used RNA-seq to examine rat aorta transcriptomes from CU rats compared with control rats. Severe VC was induced in CU rats, which lead to extensive changes in the transcriptional profile. Among the 10,153 genes with an expression level of >1 reads/kilobase transcript/million mapped reads, 2,663 genes were differentially expressed with 47% upregulated genes and 53% downregulated genes in uremic rats. Significantly deregulated genes were enriched for ontologies related to the extracellular matrix, response to wounding, organic substance, and ossification. The individually affected genes were of relevance to osteogenic transformation, tissue calcification, and Wnt modulation. Downregulation of the Klotho gene in uremia is believed to be involved in the development of VC, but it is debated whether the effect is caused by circulating Klotho only or if Klotho is produced locally in the vasculature. We found that Klotho was neither expressed in the normal aorta nor calcified aorta by RNA-seq. In conclusion, we demonstrated extensive changes in the transcriptional profile of the uremic calcified aorta, which were consistent with a shift in phenotype from vascular tissue toward an osteochondrocytic transcriptome profile. Moreover, neither the normal vasculature nor calcified vasculature in CU expresses Klotho.

  11. Effects of Ocean Acidification and Temperature Increases on the Photosynthesis of Tropical Reef Calcified Macroalgae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Cristiano Macedo; Duarte, Gustavo; Horta, Paulo Antunes; e Castro, Clovis Barreira; Barufi, José Bonomi; Pereira, Sonia Maria Barreto

    2016-01-01

    Climate change is a global phenomenon that is considered an important threat to marine ecosystems. Ocean acidification and increased seawater temperatures are among the consequences of this phenomenon. The comprehension of the effects of these alterations on marine organisms, in particular on calcified macroalgae, is still modest despite its great importance. There are evidences that macroalgae inhabiting highly variable environments are relatively resilient to such changes. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate experimentally the effects of CO2-driven ocean acidification and temperature rises on the photosynthesis of calcified macroalgae inhabiting the intertidal region, a highly variable environment. The experiments were performed in a reef mesocosm in a tropical region on the Brazilian coast, using three species of frondose calcifying macroalgae (Halimeda cuneata, Padina gymnospora, and Tricleocarpa cylindrica) and crustose coralline algae. The acidification experiment consisted of three treatments with pH levels below those occurring in the region (-0.3, -0.6, -0.9). For the temperature experiment, three temperature levels above those occurring naturally in the region (+1, +2, +4°C) were determined. The results of the acidification experiment indicate an increase on the optimum quantum yield by T. cylindrica and a decline of this parameter by coralline algae, although both only occurred at the extreme acidification treatment (-0.9). The energy dissipation mechanisms of these algae were also altered at this extreme condition. Significant effects of the temperature experiment were limited to an enhancement of the photosynthetic performance by H. cuneata although only at a modest temperature increase (+1°C). In general, the results indicate a possible photosynthetic adaptation and/or acclimation of the studied macroalgae to the expected future ocean acidification and temperature rises, as separate factors. Such relative resilience may be a result of the

  12. Calcifying tendonitis of the shoulder joint. Predictive value of pretreatment sonography for the response to low-dose radiotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamietz, Boris; Schulz-Wendtland, Ruediger; Alibek, Sedat; Uder, Michael [Radiologic Inst., Univ. Hospital Erlangen (Germany); Sauer, Rolf; Ott, Oliver J. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. Hospital Erlangen (Germany); Keilholz, Ludwig [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. Hospital Erlangen (Germany); Dept. of Radiotherapy, Klinikum Bayreuth GmbH (Germany)

    2010-01-15

    Background and Purpose: Calcifying tendonitis is a degenerative inflammatory joint disorder. Pain relief can be successfully achieved with low-dose radiotherapy. It is actually unknown which types of calcifying tendonitis respond to radiotherapy and which do not. The authors tried to get predictive objectives for the response to radiotherapy on the basis of different morphological patterns of calcifications evaluated by X-ray and ultrasound. Patients and Methods: Between August 1999 and September 2002, a total of 102 patients with 115 painful shoulder joints underwent low-dose radiotherapy. At the beginning of radiotherapy, every shoulder joint was examined with a radiograph in two planes. In addition, sonography was performed before and during therapy. This examination was repeated 6 and 18 months after irradiation. Radiotherapy consisted of two series with a total dose of 6.0 Gy. 29 joints with calcifying tendonitis could be further divided using the sonographic and radiographic classification according to Farin and Gaertner, respectively. Results: Pain relief was achieved in 94/115 joints (82%) at a follow-up of 18 months (median). A different response to radiotherapy was found using the sonographic classification of Farin: calcifying tendonitis type III (n = 18) responded well in contrast to a significantly worse result in type I (n = 11). The radiologic classification did not provide a predictive value. Conclusion: Sonographic classification of calcifying tendonitis is predictive for the outcome after radiotherapy. Especially patients with Farin type III calcification will benefit from low-dose radiotherapy. (orig.)

  13. Toll-like Receptor-4 Polymorphisms and Serum Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Calcified Neurocysticercosis and Seizures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lachuriya, Gaurav; Garg, Ravindra Kumar; Jain, Amita; Malhotra, Hardeep Singh; Singh, Arvind Kumar; Jain, Bhawna; Kumar, Neeraj; Verma, Rajesh; Sharma, Praveen Kumar

    2016-04-01

    We evaluated seizure profile, Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 polymorphisms, and serum matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in patients with calcified neurocysticercosis.One-hundred nine patients with calcified neurocysticercosis with newly diagnosed seizures and 109 control subjects were enrolled. TLR-4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms and serum MMP-9 levels were evaluated. The patients were followed for 1 year.Asp/Gly (P = 0.012) and Thr/Ile (P = 0.002), Gly (Asp/Gly plus Gly/Gly) (P = 0.008) and Ile (Thr/Ile plus Ile/Ile) (P = 0.003) genotypes were significantly associated with calcified neurocysticercosis compared with controls. Gly/Gly and Ile/Ile genotypes were not significantly associated (P = 0.529 for Gly/Gly, P = 0.798 for Ile/Ile) with either group. The levels of MMP-9 were higher in calcified neurocysticercosis (P =  neurocysticercosis compared with single calcified neurocysticercosis (P =  10 mm (P = 0.001), and perilesional edema (P =  neurocysticercosis leading to an increase in perilesional edema and provocation of seizures.

  14. Predictive Factors of Potential Malignant Transformation in Recurrent Calcifying Cystic Odontogenic Tumor: Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sepideh Mokhtari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT demonstrates considerable diversity in histopathology and clinical behavior. Ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma (GCOC is the rare malignant counterpart of CCOT and it frequently arises from malignant transformation of a recurrent CCOT. In this paper, we present a case of CCOT and discuss its distinct histopathologic features in recurrence. Then, we will have a review on clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical aspects of GCOC in the literature. Predictive factors of malignant transformation in a benign CCOT will also be discussed.

  15. Peripheral Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumour Mimicking a Gingival Inflammation: A Diagnostic Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Lima Corrêa de Carvalho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumour (CEOT is an extremely rare benign neoplasia, accounting for approximately 1% of all odontogenic tumours. CEOT can have two clinical manifestations: central or intraosseous (94% of the cases and peripheral or extraosseous (6% of the cases. Although the latter is less common, the peripheral variant has been described as an insidious lesion, since it is usually asymptomatic and may be erroneously mistaken with gingival hyperplasia, hamartomas, or even metastasis of malignant neoplasia. We report a case of a young male patient presenting with a peripheral CEOT in the mandibular posterior region, mimicking a located gingival inflammation.

  16. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in chronic calcifying pancreatitis: Egg or hen?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Evangelos Kalaitzakis; Barbara Braden; Palak Trivedi; Yalda Sharifi; Roger Chapman

    2009-01-01

    Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is an increasingly reported entity. Extensive pancreatic calcification is generally thought to be a sign of chronic pancreatitis, but it may occur simultaneously with IPMN leading to diagnostic difficulties. We report a case of a patient initially diagnosed with chronic calcifying pancreatitis who was later shown to have a malignant IPMN. This case illustrates potential pitfalls in the diagnosis of IPMN in the case of extensive pancreatic calcification as well as clues that may lead the clinician to suspecting the diagnosis. The possible mechanisms of the relation between pancreatic calcification and IPMN are also reviewed.

  17. Structure and Phase State of Bone Apatite of Calcified Aortic Fragments with Osteoporosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya.V. Khyzhnya

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper represents the results of the study on the structure and phase composition of bone apatite and fragments of calcified aorta of the same experimental animal with model osteoporosis. Examination by the X-ray and electron diffraction, electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy reveals that pathological calcification of rabbit aorta with model osteoporosis in crystal-chemical terms is the imperfect calcium apatite Ca10(PO46(OH2. Temperature growth of ectopic apatite crystals during annealing at 900C is similar to bioapatite of bone.

  18. Obstruction of left ventricular outflow tract by a calcified mass at mitral valve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miro Bakula

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A case of an unusual left ventricular outflow tract obstruction by mitral valve pathology in a 35-year old female with diabetes and end-stage renal disease is presented in the study. The patient sufferedfrom fever of an unknown origin after lower-leg amputation. Although the wound healed well, fever persisted for three weeks despite a triple antibiotic treatment until the infection was resolved with vancomycin.Three months later echocardiography displayed a floating mass attached to mitral valve, producing a newly developed systolicmurmur and a mild haemodynamic obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract. The calcified vegetation was probably formed during an unrecognized subacute infective endocarditis.

  19. Subepidermal calcified nodule in upper eyelid: A case report and review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samaka, Rehab Monir; Al-Madhani, Ali; Hussian, Shereen Ossman

    2015-01-01

    Calcinosis cutis involves the inappropriate deposition of calcium within the dermis layer of the skin and is often associated with autoimmune diseases. A 3-year-old healthy Omani child presented for evaluation of asymptomatic hard nodule on the left upper eyelid. Pathological examination identified the mass as subepidermal calcified nodule. The patient had no history of trauma or metabolic disturbances. Serum levels of calcium and phosphate were normal. Idiopathic calcinosis cutis should be included in the differential diagnosis for eye lid mass. PMID:25709278

  20. Subepidermal calcified nodule in upper eyelid: A case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rehab Monir Samaka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcinosis cutis involves the inappropriate deposition of calcium within the dermis layer of the skin and is often associated with autoimmune diseases. A 3-year-old healthy Omani child presented for evaluation of asymptomatic hard nodule on the left upper eyelid. Pathological examination identified the mass as subepidermal calcified nodule. The patient had no history of trauma or metabolic disturbances. Serum levels of calcium and phosphate were normal. Idiopathic calcinosis cutis should be included in the differential diagnosis for eye lid mass.

  1. Calcified central venous catheter fibrin sheath: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keehn, Aryeh; Rabinowitz, Dan; Williams, Steve K; Taragin, Benjamin H

    2015-01-01

    We present a 6-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who demonstrated on chest X-ray a radiopacity in the superior vena cava after removal of an implanted venous access device. This radiopacity was initially thought to be a retained catheter fragment. On review of previous imaging, we were able to document the temporal development of a calcified catheter cast as distinct from the catheter. This case represents a rare consequence of central venous catheterization in children. Knowledge of this finding as a possible complication may help avoid performance of unnecessary follow-up imaging or invasive procedures.

  2. Clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of maxilla: Report of a rare case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh Badrashetty

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT is a rare benign tumor of the jaws. Pindborg′s tumor having clear cells is extremely rare. Twelve central lesions have been reported of which only three cases have occurred in maxilla. Clear cell variant is a distinct entity, has more aggressive biological behavior and higher chances of recurrence. Hence it is important that presence of clear cells be included in histopathological diagnosis. Here we present a rare case of clear cell CEOT having aggressive behavior.

  3. Calcifying ghost cell odontogenic cyst: A review on terminologies and classifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meera Thinakaran

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying ghost cell odontogenic cyst (CGCOC is a relatively uncommon odontogenic lesion characterized by varied clinical, radiographical features and biological behavior. CGCOC can exhibit either as a cystic or a solid lesion. Since its first description by Gorlin et al, in 1962, it has been known by different names and classified and sub-classified into various types. In this article we present a case of CGCOC and discuss the related literature regarding the terminology, classification and biological behavior of CGCOC.

  4. Increased 99mTc-MDP Activity in a Partially Calcified Malignant Mediastinal Teratoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Zhang, Linqi; Zhang, Rusen

    2016-02-01

    A 41-year-old woman presented with cough and shortness of breath for 3 weeks. Chest x-ray and CT showed a large, partially calcified soft tissue mass adjacent to the right side of the heart. Whole-body bone was acquired to evaluate possible metastases, which showed abnormal accumulation of Tc-MDP in the right chest. Further SPECT/CT imaging that demonstrated intense Tc-MDP activity was mainly in the calcification portion of mass. Histopathological examination from biopsy specimen of the lesion was consistent with malignant teratoma.

  5. Intracranial subdural osteoma: a rare benign tumor that can be differentiated from other calcified intracranial lesions utilizing MR imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barajas, Ramon F; Perry, Arie; Sughrue, Michael; Aghi, Manish; Cha, Soonmee

    2012-10-01

    We report the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics of subdural osteoma and other benign calcified intracranial lesions to highlight imaging features that differentiate between these disease entities. A 63-year-old woman presented with progressively altered mental status. Non-contrast CT demonstrated a densely calcified right middle cranial fossa extra-axial mass. MR imaging of the lesion demonstrated T1 and T2 hypointensity without evidence of contrast enhancement, parenchymal abnormality, or connection to adjacent venous structures. Diffusion weighted imaging demonstrated markedly decreased signal intensity and artificially reduced diffusion on apparent diffusion coefficient map. Histologically, the tumor was predominantly composed of lamellar bone and small fragments of residual dura consistent with subdural osteoma. This case demonstrates that radiological examination can provide additional insight into the origin of intracranial osteomas (extradural versus subdural versus sinonasal) and help distinguish from other diagnostic considerations including benign meningeal ossification and calcified meningioma prior to surgical resection.

  6. Competitive fitness of a predominant pelagic calcifier impaired by ocean acidification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riebesell, Ulf; Bach, Lennart T.; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Monsalve, J. Rafael Bermúdez; Boxhammer, Tim; Czerny, Jan; Larsen, Aud; Ludwig, Andrea; Schulz, Kai G.

    2017-01-01

    Coccolithophores--single-celled calcifying phytoplankton--are an important group of marine primary producers and the dominant builders of calcium carbonate globally. Coccolithophores form extensive blooms and increase the density and sinking speed of organic matter via calcium carbonate ballasting. Thereby, they play a key role in the marine carbon cycle. Coccolithophore physiological responses to experimental ocean acidification have ranged from moderate stimulation to substantial decline in growth and calcification rates, combined with enhanced malformation of their calcite platelets. Here we report on a mesocosm experiment conducted in a Norwegian fjord in which we exposed a natural plankton community to a wide range of CO2-induced ocean acidification, to test whether these physiological responses affect the ecological success of coccolithophore populations. Under high-CO2 treatments, Emiliania huxleyi, the most abundant and productive coccolithophore species, declined in population size during the pre-bloom period and lost the ability to form blooms. As a result, particle sinking velocities declined by up to 30% and sedimented organic matter was reduced by up to 25% relative to controls. There were also strong reductions in seawater concentrations of the climate-active compound dimethylsulfide in CO2-enriched mesocosms. We conclude that ocean acidification can lower calcifying phytoplankton productivity, potentially creating a positive feedback to the climate system.

  7. Calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with complex odontoma: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallana-Alvarez, Silvia; Mayorga-Jimenez, Francisco; Torres-Gómez, Francisco Javier; Avellá-Vecino, Francisco Javier; Salazar-Fernandez, Clara

    2005-01-01

    We report a calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with odontoma (COCaO) and an included permanent canine in the superior maxilla, in a 19 year-old-man. The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) was first described as a distinct entity by Gorlin et al in 1962. The lesion is a mixed odontogenic benign tumor, and although most of the cases present cystic characteristics, a few are of the solid type (15%), and its rare malignant transformation is well documented. The COC may occur in association with other odontogenic tumors, the most common is the odontoma, occurring in about 24% of the cases. For this association the term Odontocalcifying odontogenic cyst has been suggested. Radiographically is a well defined mixed lesion and histologically consists of a large cyst. In the central area of the cyst enamel and dentin deposits can be found, irregularly distributed in areas and in other parts it takes on a well defined organoid aspect. A thorough review of literature takes place and the pathogenesis is discussed.

  8. [Calcified deep vein thrombosis in a patient with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and sarcoidosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krmek, Dubravka Zupanić; Brajković, Ivana; Bekić, Dinko; Krnić, Antun; Jurković, Petar; Pavlović, Tomislav

    2013-12-01

    In this article, we present a rare case of calcified deep vein thrombosis in a 42-year-old female patient with frequent relapses of pulmonary sarcoidosis since 1995, for which she was on maintenance therapy with corticosteroids and with consequential secondary diabetes. Recent femoral vein thrombosis was diagnosed with color Doppler in 2012. At the same time, calcified occlusive thrombus in vena cava inferior from the level of renal vein to the confluence of hepatic veins was diagnosed on abdominal multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT). Digital subtraction venography (DSV) revealed a well-developed collateral circulation through the paravertebral veins, azygos and hemiazygos vein. There were no risk factors for thrombosis other than sarcoidosis and diabetes. Deep vein thrombosis is rarely described with sarcoidosis, but according to literature reports, it usually appears as a recurrence and simultaneously at multiple locations. According to the current knowledge, we cannot say for sure whether it is a disease with an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis or there is a combination of multiple risk factors present simultaneously.

  9. Rapid mass movement of chloroplasts during segment formation of the calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony W D Larkum

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba is abundant on coral reefs and is important in the production of calcium carbonate sediments. The process by which new green segments are formed over-night is revealed here for the first time. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Growth of new segments was visualised by epifluorescence and confocal microscopy and by pulse amplitude modulation (PAM fluorimetry. Apical colourless proto-segments were initiated on day 1, and formed a loose network of non-calcified, non-septate filaments, containing no chloroplasts. Rapid greening was initiated at dusk by i the mass movement of chloroplasts into these filaments from the parent segment and ii the growth of new filaments containing chloroplasts. Greening was usually complete in 3-5 h and certainly before dawn on day 2 when the first signs of calcification were apparent. Mass chloroplast movement took place at a rate of ∼0.65 µm/s. Photosynthetic yield and rate remained low for a period of 1 to several hours, indicating that the chloroplasts were made de novo. Use of the inhibitors colchicine and cytochalasin d indicated that the movement process is dependent on both microtubules and microfilaments. SIGNIFICANCE: This unusual process involves the mass movement of chloroplasts at a high rate into new segments during the night and rapid calcification on the following day and may be an adaptation to minimise the impact of herbivorous activity.

  10. Valve-Like and Protruding Calcified Intimal Flap Complicating Common Iliac Arteries Kissing Stenting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George S. Georgiadis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Endovascular therapy for iliac artery chronic total occlusions is nowadays associated with low rates of procedure-related complications and improved clinical outcomes, and it is predominantly used as first-line therapy prior to aortobifemoral bypass grafting. Herein, we describe the case of a patient presenting with an ischemic left foot digit ulcer and suffering complex aortoiliac lesions, who received common iliac arteries kissing stents, illustrating at final antegrade and retrograde angiograms the early recognition of a blood flow obstructing valve-like calcified intimal flap protruding through the stent struts, which was obstructing antegrade but not retrograde unilateral iliac arterial axis blood flow. The problem was resolved by reconstructing the aortic bifurcation at a more proximal level. Completion angiogram verified normal patency of aorta and iliac vessels. Additionally, a severe left femoral bifurcation stenosis was also corrected by endarterectomy-arterioplasty with a bovine patch. Postintervention ankle brachial pressure indices were significantly improved. At the 6-month and 2-year follow-up, normal peripheral pulses were still reported without intermittent claudication suggesting the durability of the procedure. Through stent-protruding calcified intimal flap, is a very rare, but existing source of antegrade blood flow obstruction after common iliac arteries kissing stents.

  11. Importance of cone beam computed tomography for diagnosis of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumour associated to odontoma. Report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Yonara-Maria-Freire-Soares; Botelho, Tessa-de Lucena; Xavier, Flávia-Caló-de Aquino; Rangel, Andrea-Leão; Rege, Inara-Carneiro-Costa; Mantesso, Andrea

    2010-05-01

    The calcifying cystic odontogenic tumour (CCOT) is a rare benign cystic neoplasm not infrequently associated with odontoma. This report documents a case of CCOT associated with compound odontoma arising in the anterior maxilla in a 25-year-old woman. Conventional radiographs showed a large calcified mass with poorly visualized radiolucent margins. The extent and condition of the internal structure of the CCOT associated with odontoma was able to be determined based on radiographic findings from cone beam computed tomography. This advanced image technique proved to be extremely useful in the radiographic assessment of this particular neoplasm of the jawbones.

  12. Ⅲ型前列腺炎纳米细菌快速检测方法研究及临床评价%Rapid detection and clinical evaluation of nanobacteria infection in type Ⅲ prostatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐金元; 周占松; 沈学成; 袁宇峰

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对几种Ⅲ型前列腺炎纳米细菌感染检测方法评价比较,找出一种最快速、可靠的纳米细菌检测方法.方法 以培养后间接免疫荧光鉴定结果为基准对照,分别采用间接免疫荧光法、茜素红钙染色法及PCR法对西南医院泌尿外科门诊150例Ⅲ型前列腺炎患者前列腺液标本进行纳米细菌检测,比较其阳性检出率、灵敏度和特异度差异.结果 评价阳性检出率、灵敏度、特异度:间接免疫荧光法依次为23.3%、42.2%、100.0%;茜素红钙染色法依次为21.3%、34.9%、95.5%;PCR法依次为57.3%、95.2%、89.6%.间接免疫荧光法、茜素红钙染色法检出率与培养后间接免疫荧光法比较,均有统计学差异(P0.05).结论 PCR法检出率优于间接免疫荧光法及茜素红钙染色法,灵敏度及特异度均较高,可广泛应用于Ⅲ型前列腺炎患者纳米细菌感染快速检测.%Objective To discover the rapidest and most reliable method for detecting nanobacteria infection in type Ⅲ prostatitis by comparing several available methods. Methods Expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) specimens were obtained from 150 outpatients suffering from type Ⅲ prostatitis from the Department of Urology, Southwest Hospital, Chongqing, China. Nanobacteria infection in the EPS specimens was detected by indirect immunofluorescence staining (IIFS), alizarin red staining of calcium, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). With the result of indirect immunofluorescence staining after culture (IIFSC) as a benchmark, the differences of the concerning the positive detection rate, sensitivity and specificity were compared. Results The positive detection rate, sensitivity and specificity of IIFS were 23.3%, 42.2% and 100%, respectively.Those of alizarin red staining of calcium were 21.3%, 34.9% and 95.5%, and those of PCR were 57.3%,95.2% and 89.6%, respectively. The positive detection rate of IIFS or alizarin red calcium staining had a

  13. Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Nielsen (Mads); M. Ganz (Melanie); F. Lauze (Francois); P.C. Pettersen; M. de Bruijne (Marleen); T.B. Clarkson (Thomas); E.B. Dam (Erik); C. Christiansen (Claus); M.A. Karsdal (Morten)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Aortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of calcified plaques in the lumbar aorta.Methods: 308 postmenopausal wo

  14. First evidence of chitin in calcified coralline algae: new insights into the calcification process of Clathromorphum compactum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, M. Azizur; Halfar, Jochen

    2014-08-01

    Interest in calcifying coralline algae has been increasing over the past years due to the discovery of extensive coralline algal dominated ecosystems in Arctic and Subarctic latitudes, their projected sensitivity to ocean acidification and their utility as palaeoenvironmental proxies. Thus, it is crucial to obtain a detailed understanding of their calcification process. We here extracted calcified skeletal organic matrix components including soluble and insoluble fractions from the widely-distributed Subarctic and Arctic coralline alga Clathromorphum compactum. The lyophilized skeletal organic matrix fractions showed comparatively high concentrations of soluble and insoluble organic matrices comprising 0.9% and 4.5% of skeletal weight, respectively. This is significantly higher than in other skeletal marine calcifiers. Attenuated Total Reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) results indicate that chitin is present in the skeletal organic matrices of C. compactum. This polymer exhibits similar hierarchical structural organizations with collagen present in the matrix and serves as a template for nucleation and controls the location and orientation of mineral phases. Chitin contributes to significantly increasing skeletal strength, making C. compactum highly adapted for living in a shallow high-latitude benthic environment. Furthermore, chitin containing polysaccharides can increase resistance of calcifiers to negative effects of ocean acidification.

  15. Collagen structure regulates fibril mineralization in osteogenesis as revealed by cross-link patterns in calcifying callus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassen, M.H.M.; Lammens, J.; Tekoppele, J.M.; Sakkers, R.J.B.; Liu, Z.; Verbout, A.J.; Bank, R.A.

    2000-01-01

    Although >80% of the mineral in mammalian bone is present in the collagen fibrils, limited information is available about factors that determine a proper deposition of mineral. This study investigates whether a specific collagen matrix is required for fibril mineralization. Calcifying callus from do

  16. Calcifying odontogenic cyst with luminal and mural component (Type 1c).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Bhushan; Koshy, George; Kapoor, Shekhar

    2016-01-01

    Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) was first described and classified by Gorlin et al. It is defined as a cystic lesion in which the epithelial lining shows a well defined basal layer of columnar cells, an overlying layer that often resemble stellate reticulum and masses of ghost cells that may be in the epithelial cystic lining or in the fibrous capsule. The lesion generally occurs in the region anterior to maxillary and mandibular molars and either intraosseous or extraosseus. This entity might present as a cystic or solid lesion. Praetorius et al. classified COC into 2 main entities namely a cyst (Type 1) and a neoplasm (Type 2). The present case report exhibit a cystic lesion with both luminal and mural component.

  17. Conservative approach to recurrent calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor occupying the maxillary sinus: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT) is an uncommon benign cystic neoplasm of the jaw that develops from the odontogenic epithelium. Invasion into the maxillary sinus by a CCOT is not a typical, and the recurrence of the cystic variant of CCOT in the posterior maxilla is rare. This report describes a recurrent CCOT occupying most of the maxillary sinus of a 24-year-old male patient. As a treatment, marsupialization was carried out as a means of decompression, and the involved teeth were all endodontically treated. Afterward, surgical enucleation was performed. The size of the lesion continued to shrink after marsupialization, and the maxillary sinus restored its volume. This patient has been followed-up for 3 years after the surgery, and there have not been any signs of recurrence. PMID:27847742

  18. [Is Malherbe calcifying epithelioma in the ENT area of a rare tumor?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganz, H

    1986-07-01

    The calcifying epithelioma (pilomatrixoma) is a benign tumour of the skin originating from hair sheath cells. The head, especially the cheek and preauricular region with the parotid gland, is a very common site (about 50%). The tumour arises predominantly in younger people, with a 2:1 female to male ratio. It is not so rare as suggested by the few ENT publications. The histologic picture shows two characteristic epithelial cells, the basophilic and ghost cell. Calcification is present in most cases. The prognosis after removal of the tumour is good. Two personal cases are reported, multiple pilomatrixomas on the cheek of an 12 year old girl, and a tumour on the auricle, an unusual site.

  19. "Bursal reactions" in rotator cuff tearing, the impingement syndrome, and calcifying tendinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, H; Brunet, J A; Welsh, R P; Uhthoff, H K

    1997-01-01

    Subacromial bursal specimens from 63 patients undergoing surgery for rotator cuff tearing (n = 43), the impingement syndrome (n = 14), and calcifying tendinitis n = 6) were studied to characterize the reactions that develop at the tendinopathy "lesional" sites. Intensity of the bursal reactions and production of type III collagen vary considerably, with the highest incidence of both seen in patients with rotator cuff tears. The intensity of bursal reactions correlated with the degree of formation of perivascular new collagen and type III collagen expression. In 22 of the 63 patients the bursal reaction distant to the tendon lesion was also studied. It was minimal and did not correlate to the lesional bursal findings. A strong correlation, however, existed between surgical appearance and histologic grading. The term "localized bursal reaction" as opposed to bursitis more correctly describes bursal involvement. Resection of bursal tissues should be limited to the lesional tissue that interferes with subacromial motion.

  20. Calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff: functional outcome after arthroscopic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Ruben; Debeer, Philippe

    2006-06-01

    In this study, we assessed the functional results after arthroscopic excision of rotator cuff calcifications. Sixty-one shoulders in 57 patients with chronic calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff were treated with arthroscopic excision, subacromial bursa debridement and shaving. In patients with fraying or roughness of the coracoacromial ligament, an acromioplasty was also performed. Patients were evaluated after a mean follow-up of 15 months. The modified Constant score and DASH score significantly improved from 33.4 to 66.8 and from 49.7 to 17.3 respectively. Performing an acromioplasty did not influence the final outcome. Frozen shoulder was a frequent complication (18%) without significant effect on the final DASH or Constant score. The presence of residual calcifications after arthroscopic needling did not influence the final outcome. We therefore believe that the presence of residual calcifications can be accepted if this is deemed necessary to preserve the integrity of the tendon.

  1. Proliferative ameloblastomatous calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor of the mandible: A rare histological variant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamala Rawson

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT is an extremely rare clinical entity. It was considered as a cyst until 2005, when World Health Organization included it among the odontogenic tumors. It presents as a slow-growing, painless swelling of the jaw. Radiographically, it may be seen as a unilocular or multilocular radiolucency. Here, we present a case of a proliferative ameloblastomatous type of CCOT of the left mandible. Conventional radiography and cone beam computed tomography were performed, in which the lesion was found to be unicystic without any sign of calcification. The lesion was also associated with an impacted 37 tooth, which was displaced to the inferior border of the mandible.

  2. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor in association with hyaline vascular type Castleman′s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azam Muhammad

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor is a recently described rare entity. It is considered as sclerosing end stage of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor. An association with hyaline vascular type Castleman′s disease has also been described. We report a case of a 13-year-old boy who presented with pain in epigastrium. Computed tomography scan of abdomen revealed a circumscribed mass arising from the gastric wall along the greater curvature. Histology revealed a tumor composed of spindle cells present within the dense hyalinized collagenous tissue. Lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate was seen along with lymphoid follicles, dystrophic and ossifying calcification. Tumor cells were focally positive for alpha smooth muscle actin and negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase protein.

  3. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor without calcification: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema Kaushal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that was first described by Pindborg in 1955. It accounts for less than 1% of all odontogenic neoplasms. The tumor is characterized histologically by the presence of polygonal epithelial cells, calcification, and eosinophilic deposits resembling amyloid. Noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is very rare and only three cases have been documented in the English language literature so far. We present an additional case of noncalcifying Pindborg tumor and review the previously reported cases. Because noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is believed to be an aggressive variant, a definitive resection of the tumor with tumor-free surgical margins and long-term follow-up is recommended.

  4. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor) without calcification: A rare entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaushal, Seema; Mathur, Sandeep R; Vijay, Maneesh; Rustagi, Ankur

    2012-01-01

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that was first described by Pindborg in 1955. It accounts for less than 1% of all odontogenic neoplasms. The tumor is characterized histologically by the presence of polygonal epithelial cells, calcification, and eosinophilic deposits resembling amyloid. Noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is very rare and only three cases have been documented in the English language literature so far. We present an additional case of noncalcifying Pindborg tumor and review the previously reported cases. Because noncalcifying Pindborg tumor is believed to be an aggressive variant, a definitive resection of the tumor with tumor-free surgical margins and long-term follow-up is recommended.

  5. Coral calcifying fluid pH dictates response to ocean acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holcomb, M; Venn, A A; Tambutté, E; Tambutté, S; Allemand, D; Trotter, J; McCulloch, M

    2014-06-06

    Ocean acidification driven by rising levels of CO2 impairs calcification, threatening coral reef growth. Predicting how corals respond to CO2 requires a better understanding of how calcification is controlled. Here we show how spatial variations in the pH of the internal calcifying fluid (pHcf) in coral (Stylophora pistillata) colonies correlates with differential sensitivity of calcification to acidification. Coral apexes had the highest pHcf and experienced the smallest changes in pHcf in response to acidification. Lateral growth was associated with lower pHcf and greater changes with acidification. Calcification showed a pattern similar to pHcf, with lateral growth being more strongly affected by acidification than apical. Regulation of pHcf is therefore spatially variable within a coral and critical to determining the sensitivity of calcification to ocean acidification.

  6. Cone Beam Computed Tomography Findings in Calcifying Cystic Odontogenic Tumor Associated with Odontome: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tushar Phulambrikar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT is a rare cystic odontogenic neoplasm frequently found in association with odontome. This report documents a case of CCOT associated with an odontome arising in the anterior maxilla in a 28-year-old man. Conventional radiographs showed internal calcification within the lesion but were unable to visualize its relation with the adjacent structures and its accurate extent. In this case cone beam computed tomography (CBCT could accurately reveal the extent and the internal structure of the lesion which aided the presumptive diagnosis of the lesion as CCOT. This advanced imaging technique proved to be extremely useful in the radiographic assessment and management of this neoplasm of the maxilla.

  7. A confocal view of the calcifying odontogenic cyst: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumya Makarla

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is a rare odontogenic lesion representing about 1% of all jaw cysts. There is a wide age range from 1 to 82 years with a first peak in the second decade and the second in the sixth/seventh decade. This lesion is characterized by the presence of "ghost" cells. The pathogenesis of the lesion is from the reduced enamel epithelium or the remnants of odontogenic epithelium. Here, we report two cases, both in 18-year-old male patients; previously diagnosed as dentigerous cyst and residual cyst respectively. But histologically, both the cases turned out to be COCs. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM has become an invaluable tool for a wide range of investigations in the medical sciences for imaging thin optical sections of tissues. The COCs were evaluated using CLSM to analyze the properties of the cystic lining and the ghost cells.

  8. Surgical Treatment for Central Calcified Thoracic Disk Herniation: A Novel L-Shaped Osteotome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Qing-shan; Lun, Deng-xing; Xu, Zhao-wan; Dai, Wei-hua; Liu, Da-yong

    2015-09-01

    Few reports are available on the posterior transfacet approach for the treatment of central calcified thoracic disk herniation (TDH). The objective of this study was to assess outcomes and complications in a consecutive series of patients with TDH who underwent posterior transfacet decompression and diskectomy with segmental instrumentation and fusion. The data for 27 patients (16 males and 11 females) were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed, including clinical presentation, blood loss, operative time, pre- and postoperative complications, visual analog scale, Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and Frankel grade. All patients underwent trans-facet decompression and segmental instrumentation with interbody fusion. Mean patient age at surgery was 55.2 years (range, 21-81 years). Average follow-up was 30±19 months (range, 12-50 months). All patients were successfully treated with posterior decompression and segmental instrumentation with interbody fusion. Average operative time was 124±58 minutes (range, 87-180 minutes). Mean blood loss was 439±225 mL (range, 300-1500 mL). Average pre- and postoperative JOA scores were 4.12±0.87 and 8.01±0.97 points, respectively. Overall JOA scores showed a significant postoperative improvement. Overall recovery rates were excellent in 12 patients, good in 6, fair in 5, and unchanged in 1. No patient was classified as worse. The results suggest that the posterior approach using a special L-shaped osteotome is feasible. No major complications occurred while achieving adequate decompression for central calcified TDH.

  9. Increased temperature mitigates the effects of ocean acidification in calcified green algae ( Halimeda spp.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Justin E.; Fisch, Jay; Langdon, Chris; Paul, Valerie J.

    2016-03-01

    The singular and interactive effects of ocean acidification and temperature on the physiology of calcified green algae ( Halimeda incrassata, H. opuntia, and H. simulans) were investigated in a fully factorial, 4-week mesocosm experiment. Individual aquaria replicated treatment combinations of two pH levels (7.6 and 8.0) and two temperatures (28 and 31 °C). Rates of photosynthesis, respiration, and calcification were measured for all species both prior to and after treatment exposure. Pre-treatment measurements revealed that H. incrassata displayed higher biomass-normalized rates of photosynthesis and calcification (by 55 and 81 %, respectively) relative to H. simulans and H. opuntia. Furthermore, prior to treatment exposure, photosynthesis was positively correlated to calcification, suggesting that the latter process may be controlled by photosynthetic activity in this group. After treatment exposure, net photosynthesis was unaltered by pH, yet significantly increased with elevated temperature by 58, 38, and 37 % for H. incrassata, H. simulans, and H. opuntia, respectively. Both pH and temperature influenced calcification, but in opposing directions. On average, calcification declined by 41 % in response to pH reduction, but increased by 49 % in response to elevated temperature. Within each pH treatment, elevated temperature increased calcification by 23 % (at pH 8.0) and 74 % (at pH 7.6). Interactions between pH, temperature, and/or species were not observed. This work demonstrates that, in contrast to prior studies, increased temperature may serve to enhance the metabolic performance (photosynthesis and calcification) of some marine calcifiers, despite elevated carbon dioxide concentrations. Thus, in certain cases, ocean warming may mitigate the negative effects of acidification.

  10. Trace Elements in Calcifying Marine Invertebrates Indicate Diverse Sensitivities to the Seawater Carbonate System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doss, W. C.

    2015-12-01

    Surface ocean absorption of anthropogenic CO2 emissions resulting in ocean acidification may interfere with the ability of calcifying marine organisms to biomineralize, since the drop in pH is accompanied by reductions in CaCO3 saturation state. However, recent experiments show that net calcification rates of cultured benthic invertebrate taxa exhibit diverse responses to pCO2-induced changes in saturation state (Ries et al., 2009). Advancement of geochemical tools as biomineralization indicators will enable us to better understand these results and therefore help predict the impacts of ongoing and future decrease in seawater pH on marine organisms. Here we build upon previous work on these specimens by measuring the elemental composition of biogenic calcite and aragonite precipitated in four pCO2 treatments (400; 600; 900; and 2850 ppm). Element ratios (including Sr/Ca, Mg/Ca, Li/Ca, B/Ca, U/Ca, Ba/Ca, Cd/Ca, and Zn/Ca) were analyzed in 18 macro-invertebrate species representing seven phyla (crustacea, cnidaria, echinoidea, rhodophyta, chlorophyta, gastropoda, bivalvia, annelida), then compared to growth rate data and experimental seawater carbonate system parameters: [CO32-], [HCO3-], pH, saturation state, and DIC. Correlations between calcite or aragonite composition and seawater carbonate chemistry are highly taxa-specific, but do not resemble trends observed in growth rate for all species. Apparent carbonate system sensitivities vary widely by element, ranging from strongly correlated to no significant response. Interpretation of these results is guided by mounting evidence for the capacity of individual species to modulate pH and/or saturation state at the site of calcification in response to ambient seawater chemistry. Such biomineralization pathways and strategies in turn likely influence elemental fractionation during CaCO3 precipitation. Ries, J.B., A.L. Cohen, A.L., and D.C. McCorkle (2009), Marine calcifiers exhibit mixed responses to CO2-induced ocean

  11. Acupuncture and small needle scalpel therapy in the treatment of calcifying tendonitis of the gluteus medius: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Weichun; Liu, Chia-Yu; Tang, Ching-Lin; Hsu, Chung-Hua

    2012-06-01

    The case is presented of a 68-year-old man with calcifying tendonitis involving the lateral part of the gluteus medius. The presenting symptoms were chronic pain in the posterolateral region of the right hip and limitation of movement of the right hip. The patient was treated with acupuncture and small needle scalpel therapy. Three months after the procedure the patient was completely pain-free and had full range of motion. Radiographic evaluation revealed complete disappearance of the calcific deposits with no recurrence after 6 months. The use of combined acupuncture and small needle scalpel therapy to treat calcifying tendonitis of the gluteus medius may lead to a good clinical outcome without surgery.

  12. Isolated unilateral oculomotor nerve neuropraxia following a trivial fall in a patient with calcified posterior petroclinoid ligament

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patwardhan, Maneesha Anil

    2015-01-01

    Isolated traumatic oculomotor nerve palsy caused by a trivial fall is extremely rare. We report a case of this condition. A 49-year-old woman had distal radius fracture and ptosis on the same side after having a trivial domestic fall. She did not show any clinical or radiological signs of head injury. Computerized tomography revealed a calcified posterior petroclinoid ligament which has direct anatomical and pathological relation with the oculomotor nerve. PMID:25767590

  13. Rapid mass movement of chloroplasts during segment formation of the calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba

    OpenAIRE

    Larkum, Anthony W. D.; Anya Salih; Michael Kühl

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The calcifying siphonalean green alga, Halimeda macroloba is abundant on coral reefs and is important in the production of calcium carbonate sediments. The process by which new green segments are formed over-night is revealed here for the first time. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Growth of new segments was visualised by epifluorescence and confocal microscopy and by pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) fluorimetry. Apical colourless proto-segments were initiated on day 1, and formed...

  14. Arthroscopic Removal and Rotator Cuff Repair Without Acromioplasty for the Treatment of Symptomatic Calcifying Tendinitis of the Supraspinatus Tendon

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background: Calcified rotator cuff tendinitis is a common cause of chronic shoulder pain that leads to significant pain and functional limitations. Although most patients respond well to conservative treatment, some eventually require surgical treatment. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical outcome with arthroscopic removal of calcific deposit and rotator cuff repair without acromioplasty for the treatment of calcific tendinitis of the supraspinatus tendon. Study Design: Case series; Level of ev...

  15. Live tissue imaging shows reef corals elevate pH under their calcifying tissue relative to seawater.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Venn

    Full Text Available The threat posed to coral reefs by changes in seawater pH and carbonate chemistry (ocean acidification raises the need for a better mechanistic understanding of physiological processes linked to coral calcification. Current models of coral calcification argue that corals elevate extracellular pH under their calcifying tissue relative to seawater to promote skeleton formation, but pH measurements taken from the calcifying tissue of living, intact corals have not been achieved to date. We performed live tissue imaging of the reef coral Stylophora pistillata to determine extracellular pH under the calcifying tissue and intracellular pH in calicoblastic cells. We worked with actively calcifying corals under flowing seawater and show that extracellular pH (pHe under the calicoblastic epithelium is elevated by ∼0.5 and ∼0.2 pH units relative to the surrounding seawater in light and dark conditions respectively. By contrast, the intracellular pH (pHi of the calicoblastic epithelium remains stable in the light and dark. Estimates of aragonite saturation states derived from our data indicate the elevation in subcalicoblastic pHe favour calcification and may thus be a critical step in the calcification process. However, the observed close association of the calicoblastic epithelium with the underlying crystals suggests that the calicoblastic cells influence the growth of the coral skeleton by other processes in addition to pHe modification. The procedure used in the current study provides a novel, tangible approach for future investigations into these processes and the impact of environmental change on the cellular mechanisms underpinning coral calcification.

  16. High signal intensity of intervertebral calcified disks on T1-weighted MR images resulting from fat content

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malghem, Jacques; Lecouvet, Frederic E.; Berg, Bruno C. Vande; Duprez, Thierry; Cosnard, Guy; Maldague, Baudouin E. [Universite Catholique de Louvain, Cliniques Universitaires St. Luc, Brussels (Belgium); Francois, Robert [Belgian Military Hospital, Department of Rheumatology, Brussels (Belgium)

    2005-02-01

    To explain a cause of high signal intensity on T1-weighted MR images in calcified intervertebral disks associated with spinal fusion. Magnetic resonance and radiological examinations of 13 patients were reviewed, presenting one or several intervertebral disks showing a high signal intensity on T1-weighted MR images, associated both with the presence of calcifications in the disks and with peripheral fusion of the corresponding spinal segments. Fusion was due to ligament ossifications (n=8), ankylosing spondylitis (n=4), or posterior arthrodesis (n=1). Imaging files included X-rays and T1-weighted MR images in all cases, T2-weighted MR images in 12 cases, MR images with fat signal suppression in 7 cases, and a CT scan in 1 case. Histological study of a calcified disk from an anatomical specimen of an ankylosed lumbar spine resulting from ankylosing spondylitis was examined. The signal intensity of the disks was similar to that of the bone marrow or of perivertebral fat both on T1-weighted MR images and on all sequences, including those with fat signal suppression. In one of these disks, a strongly negative absorption coefficient was focally measured by CT scan, suggesting a fatty content. The histological examination of the ankylosed calcified disk revealed the presence of well-differentiated bone tissue and fatty marrow within the disk. The high signal intensity of some calcified intervertebral disks on T1-weighted MR images can result from the presence of fatty marrow, probably related to a disk ossification process in ankylosed spines. (orig.)

  17. "Unusual brain stone": heavily calcified primary neoplasm with some features suggestive of angiocentric glioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajjad, Jahangir; Kaliaperumal, Chandrasekaran; Bermingham, Niamh; Marks, Charles; Keohane, Catherine

    2015-11-01

    This 40-year-old man presented with a 5-month history of progressive right-sided headache associated with visual blurring. He also had a history of epilepsy but had been seizure free with medication for the past 10 years. An initial CT scan of his brain performed 16 years previously had revealed a small area of calcification in the right parietal region. In the current presentation, he had a left-sided homonymous hemianopia but no other neurological deficits. A CT scan of his brain showed a much larger calcified, partly cystic lesion in the right parietal region. Because he was symptomatic, the lesion was excised and the cyst was drained. Histological examination of the excised tissue showed an unusual primary tumor that was difficult to classify but had some features of angiocentric glioma. The heavy calcification, mixed-density cell population, and regions with features of angiocentric glioma were most unusual. The patient remained asymptomatic 5 years after surgery, and follow-up scans did not show recurrence.

  18. First report of MRI findings in a case of an autoamputated wandering calcified ovary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahajan PS

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Parag Suresh Mahajan, Nazeer Ahamad, Sheik Akbar Hussain Department of Radiology, Al-Khor Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar Abstract: An autoamputated wandering calcified ovary (AWCO is an extremely rare cause of abdominal calcification in the pediatric population. We present the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI features of AWCO in a child. To our knowledge, the MRI features of AWCO have not been previously described in the published literature. Our case report indicates that the MRI findings are characteristic in the diagnosis of an AWCO and can completely obviate the need for invasive procedures in this mostly benign disease. An AWCO should be considered in all cases of mobile calcific opacities on radiographs in female patients. We advise that MRI be conducted in all suspected cases of AWCO for accurate and noninvasive diagnosis, and regular follow-up should be performed with ultrasound. The findings in our case report have the potential to change the course of investigations and management in suspected cases. Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging, ovary, adnexa, autoamputation, wandering calcification

  19. Notch signaling and ghost cell fate in the calcifying cystig odontogenic tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siar CH

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism that enables adjacent cells to adopt different fates. Ghost cells (GCs are anucleate cells with homogeneous pale eosinophilic cytoplasm and very pale to clear central areas (previous nucleus sites. Although GCs are present in a variety of odontogenic lesions notably the calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (GCOT, their nature and process of formation remains elusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Notch signaling in the cell fate specification of GCs in CCOT. Immunohistochemical staining for four Notch receptors (Notch1, Notch2, Notch3 and Notch4 and three ligands (Jagged1, Jagged2 and Delta1 was performed on archival tissues of five CCOT cases. Level of positivity was quantified as negative (0, mild (+, moderate (2+ and strong (3+. Results revealed that GCs demonstrated overexpression for Notch1 and Jagged1 suggesting that Notch1Jagged1 signaling might serve as the main transduction mechanism in cell fate decision for GCs in CCOT. Protein localizations were largely membranous and/or cytoplasmic. Mineralized GCs also stained positive implicating that the calcification process might be associated with upregulation of these molecules. The other Notch receptors and ligands were weak to absent in GCs and tumoral epithelium. Stromal endothelium and fibroblasts were stained variably positive.

  20. Mineralization-related modifications in the calcifying tendons of turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raspanti, Mario; Reguzzoni, Marcella; Protasoni, Marina; Congiu, Terenzio

    2015-04-01

    The tendons of some birds undergo a physiological process of gradual mineralization, usually limited to the central portion of the tendon and resulting in an increase of the elastic modulus and the ultimate strength. The present study was carried out by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy and was focused on the structural and ultrastructural modifications occurring in this tissue during biomineralization. In comparison with most other tendons, turkey tendons appeared to be more finely subdivided into thinner fascicles and to contain a greater amount of cell-rich endotenon tissue. The most obvious finding, however, was the complete disappearance of the crimps in the calcified portions of the tendon, while they were present with the usual morphology in the non-mineralized portion. The electron microscopy revealed in the mineralized tendon traces of pre-existing crimps, locked in the straightened-out position by the infiltrating mineral phase. This latter was composed of two different types of fine particles, respectively, growing inside and around the collagen fibrils and appearing as tightly packed platelets or as larger, flat platelets regularly arranged in phase with the D-period of collagen. The perifibrillar mineral could play a critical role in the mechanical coupling of adjoining fascicles and in the transmission of tensile loads along the tendon itself.

  1. The response of calcifying plankton to climate change in the Pliocene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. V. Davis

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available As a result of anthropogenic pCO2 increases, future oceans are growing warmer and lower in pH and oxygen, conditions that are likely to impact planktic communities. Past intervals of elevated and changing pCO2 and temperatures can offer a glimpse into the response of marine calcifying plankton to changes in surface oceans under conditions similar to those projected for the future. Here we present new records of planktic foraminiferal and coccolith calcification (weight and size from Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 607 (mid-North Atlantic and Ocean Drilling Program Site 999 (Caribbean Sea from the Pliocene, the last time that pCO2 was similar to today, and extending through a global cooling event into the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation (3.3 to 2.6 million years ago. Test weights of both surface-dwelling Foraminifera Globigerina bulloides and thermocline-dwelling Foraminifera Globorotalia puncticulata vary with a potential link to regional temperature variation in the North Atlantic, whereas in the tropics Globigerinoides ruber test weight remains stable. In contrast, reticulofenestrid coccoliths show a narrowing size range and a decline in the largest lith diameters over this interval. Our results suggest no major changes in plankton calcite production during the high pCO2 Pliocene or during the transition into an icehouse world.

  2. Pathology of the calcified zone of articular cartilage in post-traumatic osteoarthritis in rat knees.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa Schultz

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the pathology occurring at the calcified zone of articular cartilage (CZC in the joints afflicted with post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA.Rats underwent bilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL transection and medial meniscectomy to induce PTOA. Sham surgery was performed on another five rats to serve as controls. The rats were euthanized after four weeks of surgery and tibial plateaus were dissected for histology. The pathology of PTOA, CZC area and the tidemark roughness at six pre-defined locations on the tibial plateaus were quantified by histomorphometry.PTOA developed in the knees, generally more severe at the medial plateau than the lateral plateau, of rats in the experimental group. The CZC area was unchanged in the PTOA joints, but the topographic variations of CZC areas that presented in the control knees were reduced in the PTOA joints. The tidemark roughness decreased in areas of the medial plateau of PTOA joints and that was inversely correlated with the Mankin's score of PTOA pathology.Reduced tidemark roughness and unchanged CZC area differentiate PTOA from primary osteoarthritis, which is generally believed to have the opposite pathology at CZC, and may contribute to the distinct disease progression of the two entities of arthropathy.

  3. The clinical and radiological consideration of calcifying odontogenic cyst of the jaw

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Hae Rym; Kim, Kee Deog; Park, Chang Seo [Dept. of Dental radiology, College of Dentistry, Yensei University, (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-08-15

    Nine cases presented with a calcifying odontogenic cyst to the Dental Hospital of the College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, from January 1987 to September June, 1996, Clinical or histopathological findings were observed according to each radiologic criteria. The results obtained are as follows:1. The male to female ratio was 2 : 1 with a mean age of 25 years. 2. The radiographic appearances of nine caes were well-defined radiolucent lesions in which eight cases were shown until ocular lesions and only one lesion was seen multilocular lesion. 3. Radiologically, three of nine cases were pure radiolucent lesion and others, six cases were radiolucent contained a variable amount of radiopaque material. 4. Histologically, two cases were classified simple cyst, five were cyst associated odontoma, two were neoplastic type. 5. Histological findings according to the radiological classification, two of three radiolucent lesions were simple cys ts; another was a cyst associated with odontoma. While, four of six radiologic mixed lesions turned out to be a cyst associated with odontoma, two was the neoplastic type.

  4. TAVR Through Heavily Calcified Aorta Following Atheroma Retrieval With the "Elevator" Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senguttuvan, N Boopathy; Ellozy, Sharif; Tejani, Furqan; Kovacic, Jason; Kini, Annapoorna S; Sharma, Samin K; Dangas, George D

    2015-10-01

    An 86-year-old Caucasian female with severe symptomatic, inoperable aortic stenosis was accepted for high-risk transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) approach due to severe calcification of the aorta. During initial passage of a 22 Fr sheath, there was dislodgment with proximal migration of a circumferential tunnel of calcium from the infrarenal aorta. A novel "elevator" technique was used to secure and retrieve the dislodged aorta en bloc back to its original infrarenal aortic position and allow in situ fixation with stenting. A new TAVR system was then successfully placed through the stent and a 23 mm Edwards Sapien valve (Edwards Lifesciences) was implanted as planned. In case of calcification protruding into the lumen of the aorta and limiting the passage of the large valve delivery system sheath, the obstruction can be managed by stenting the calcification against the luminal wall under fluoroscopic and intravascular-ultrasound guidance, allowing successful passage of the valve delivery system. The elevator technique allows axial transportation of any calcified vascular fragments, should they become dislodged.

  5. Carbonic anhydrase in calcified endoskeleton: novel activity in biocalcification in alcyonarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, M Azizur; Oomori, Tamotsu; Uehara, Tsuyoshi

    2008-01-01

    Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a key enzyme in the chemical reaction of living organisms and has been found to be associated with calcification in a number of invertebrates including calcareous sponges, but until now no direct evidence has been advanced to show CA activity in alcyonarian corals. However, it is essential to understand the role of CA in the process of biocalcification in alcyonarian. Here we describe the novel activity of CA and its relationship to the formation of calcified hard tissues in alcyonarian coral, Lobophytum crassum. We find that two CA proteins, which were partially purified by electro-elution treatment, can control the morphology of CaCO(3) crystals and one of them is potentially involved in the process of biocalcification. Previously, we isolated CA from the total extract of alcyonarian, and further, we report here a single protein, which has both calcium-binding and CA activities and is responsible for CaCO(3) nucleation and crystal growth. This matrix protein inhibited the precipitation of CaCO(3) from a saturated solution containing CaCl(2) and NaHCO(3), indicating that it can act as a negative regulator for calcification in the sclerites of alcyonarians. The effect of an inhibitor on the enzyme activity was also examined. These findings strongly support the idea that carbonic anhydrase domain in alcyonarian is involved in the calcification process. Our observations strongly suggest that the matrix protein in alcyonarian coral is not only a structural protein but also a catalyst.

  6. Analysis of the Mineral Composition of the Human Calcified Cartilage Zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Zhang, Fuyou Wang, Hongbo Tan, Guangxing Chen, Lin Guo, Liu Yang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As the connecting tissue between the hyaline articular cartilage and the subchondral bone, calcified cartilage zone (CCZ plays a great role in the force transmission and materials diffusion. However, the questions that remain to be resolved are its mineral composition and organization. In this study, 40 healthy human knee specimens were harvested; first the CCZ was dissected and observed by Safranin O/fast green staining, then CCZ chemical characteristics were measured by using amino acid assay and X-ray diffraction. The percentage of dry weight of type II collagen as an organic compound of CCZ was 20.16% ± 0.96%, lower than that of the hyaline cartilage layer (61.39% ± 0.38%; the percentage of dry weight of hydroxyapatite as an inorganic compound was 65.09% ± 2.31%, less than that of subchondral bone (85.78% ± 3.42%. Our study provides the accurate data for the reconstruction of the CCZ in vitro and the elucidation of CCZ structure and function.

  7. Rapidly calcified all of multiple intracranial hemorrhages occurred in a patient with Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seong Rok Han, M.D., Ph.D.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We report a 38-year-old female patient with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP who occurred in rapidly calcified all of multiple intracranial hemorrhage (ICH lesions. The patient was admitted with poor oral intake and confused mentality. Neurologic examination revealed drowsy consciousness but no motor weakness. She had been diagnosed ITP 5 years ago, however, she was not taking any medication at the time of presentation. Brain CT demonstrated that multiple ICHs, which were located in left frontal lobe, left temporal lobe and right cerebellar hemisphere. Platelet count was 10,000 cells/mm3. The patient was treated with conservative management, which included corticosteroids and platelet transfusion. Follow-up CT performed 12 days after the admission revealed that multiple ICHs were grossly resolving state. Interestingly, high attenuated lesions were seen all of multiple ICH sites, which were considered calcification. After 30 months after hemorrhage, follow-up brain CT showed prominent calcification of all of previous multiple ICH lesions. The patient was well- being state.

  8. FN1-EGF gene fusions are recurrent in calcifying aponeurotic fibroma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puls, Florian; Hofvander, Jakob; Magnusson, Linda; Nilsson, Jenny; Haywood, Elaine; Sumathi, Vaiyapuri P; Mangham, D Chas; Kindblom, Lars-Gunnar; Mertens, Fredrik

    2016-03-01

    Calcifying aponeurotic fibroma (CAF) is a soft tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the hands and feet in children and adolescents. Its molecular basis is unknown. We used chromosome banding analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), mRNA sequencing (RNA-seq), RT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry to characterize a series of CAFs. An insertion ins(2;4)(q35;q25q?) was identified in the index case. Fusion of the FN1 and EGF genes, mapping to the breakpoint regions on chromosomes 2 and 4, respectively, was detected by RNA-seq and confirmed by RT-PCR in the index case and two additional cases. FISH on five additional tumours identified FN1-EGF fusions in all cases. CAFs analysed by RT-PCR showed that FN1 exon 23, 27 or 42 was fused to EGF exon 17 or 19. High-level expression of the entire FN1 gene in CAF suggests that strong FN1 promoter activity drives inappropriate expression of the biologically active portion of EGF, which was detected immunohistochemically in 8/9 cases. The FN1-EGF fusion, which has not been observed in any other neoplasm, appears to be the main driver mutation in CAF. Although further functional studies are required to understand the exact pathogenesis of CAF, the composition of the chimera suggests an autocrine/paracrine mechanism of transformation. Copyright © 2015 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. CALCIFYING ODONTOGENIC CYST:AN ANALYSIS OF THIRTY-SIX CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Eshghyar

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available The term calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC was first introduced by Gorlin in 1962. COC occurs mainly as an intra-osseous lesion in mandible or maxilla but the peripheral variation of COC has also been reported. The confusion about COC nature as cyst or tumor has not been resolved and a vast diversity has been shown in clinicopathologic aspects of COC. The purpose of this study was the review and analysis of COC variables such as age, gender and location and reclassification of histopathologic features of cases. The study was a retrospective review, cross sectional and case series one. The records of 36 patients were obtained and the clinical characteristics such as age, gender and location of COC were registered. The histopathologic features of cases were reviewed and reclassified. The data showed that 38.3% of cases occurred in the fifth decade and beyond; 67.6% were in males and 32.4% in females. Considering location, 51.5% of COCs were found in mandible and 48.5% in maxilla; 65.6% were located in posterior part of jaws. Of the 36 cases diagnosed as COC, 32 (88.8% had cystic features and 4 (11.11% were tumoral. For better determination of histopathologic and biologic features of COC, more investigations are needed.

  10. Immunoexpression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway proteins in ameloblastoma and calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra, Sabrina-Nogueira; Pires, Fábio-Ramôa; Armada, Luciana

    2017-01-01

    Background Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is essential for the beginning of odontogenesis and may be involved in the development and progression of some odontogenic tumors. Thus, the aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway proteins in a series of AME and CCOT. Material and Methods Immunohistochemical reactions were performed using antibodies against Wnt1, Wnt5a and β-catenin in 17 cases of solid AME and 6 cases of CCOT. Results In the AME group, Wnt1 and Wnt5a were identified in the epithelium in most of the cases, and β-catenin was mainly identified in the cytoplasm of the tumoral cells. In the CCOT group, Wnt1 and Wnt5a were identified in the epithelium and in the ghost cells in almost all the cases, and β-catenin was mainly identified in the cytoplasm and in the nuclei of the tumoral cells. Conclusions These results contribute to support the importance of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway proteins in AME and CCOT tumorigenesis. The abnormal expression of cytoplasmic and/or nuclear β-catenin appears to contribute to the development of both AME and CCOT. In addition, it is possible that Wnt1 and Wnt5a expression in ghost cells can contribute to its histogenesis in CCOT. Key words:Ameloblastoma, β-catenin, calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, immunohistochemistry, Wnt. PMID:28149478

  11. Calcium carbonate mineralization: involvement of extracellular polymeric materials isolated from calcifying bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ercole, Claudia; Bozzelli, Paola; Altieri, Fabio; Cacchio, Paola; Del Gallo, Maddalena

    2012-08-01

    This study highlights the role of specific outer bacterial structures, such as the glycocalix, in calcium carbonate crystallization in vitro. We describe the formation of calcite crystals by extracellular polymeric materials, such as exopolysaccharides (EPS) and capsular polysaccharides (CPS) isolated from Bacillus firmus and Nocardia calcarea. Organic matrices were isolated from calcifying bacteria grown on synthetic medium--in the presence or absence of calcium ions--and their effect on calcite precipitation was assessed. Scanning electron microscopy observations and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry analysis showed that CPS and EPS fractions were involved in calcium carbonate precipitation, not only serving as nucleation sites but also through a direct role in crystal formation. The utilization of different synthetic media, with and without addition of calcium ions, influenced the biofilm production and protein profile of extracellular polymeric materials. Proteins of CPS fractions with a molecular mass between 25 and 70 kDa were overexpressed when calcium ions were present in the medium. This higher level of protein synthesis could be related to the active process of bioprecipitation.

  12. Coincidence of calcified carotid atheromatous plaque, osteoporosis, and periodontal bone loss in dental panoramic radiographs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramesh, Aruna; Ganguly, Rumpa [Dept. of Diagnosis and Health Promotion, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston (United States); Soroushian, Sheila [Dept. of Orthodontics, Howard University College of Dentistry, Washington, DC(United States)

    2013-12-15

    This study was performed to assess the correlation of calcified carotid atheromatous plaque (CCAP), the mandibular cortical index, and periodontal bone loss in panoramic radiographs. One hundred eighty-five panoramic radiographs with CCAP and 234 without this finding were evaluated by 3 observers for the presence of osseous changes related to osteoporosis and periodontal bone loss. Chi-squared and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare the two groups for an association of CCAP with the mandibular cortical index and periodontal bone loss, respectively. There was a statistically significant coincidence of CCAP and osseous changes related to osteopenia/osteoporosis, with a p-value <0.001. There was no statistically significant coincidence of CCAP and periodontal bone loss. When comparing the 2 groups, 'With CCAP' and 'Without CCAP', there was a statistically significant association with the mean body mass index (BMI), number of remaining teeth, positive history of diabetes mellitus, and vascular accidents. There was no statistically significant association with gender or a history of smoking. This study identified a possible concurrence of CCAP and mandibular cortical changes secondary to osteopenia/osteoporosis in panoramic radiographs. This could demonstrate the important role of dental professionals in screening for these systemic conditions, leading to timely and appropriate referrals resulting in early interventions and thus improving overall health.

  13. Heavily calcified gastrointestinal stromal tumors: Pathophysiology and implications of a rare clinicopathologic entity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salati, Massimiliano; Orsi, Giulia; Reggiani Bonetti, Luca; Di Benedetto, Fabrizio; Longo, Giuseppe; Cascinu, Stefano

    2017-01-01

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract, and are characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical, histological and molecular features at presentation. Although focal and scattered calcifications are not uncommon within the primary tumor mass, heavy calcification within a GIST is rarely described in the literature and the clinical-biological meaning of this feature remains unclear. Cases with such an atypical presentation are challenging and may be associated with diagnostic pitfalls. Herein, we report a gastric GIST with the unusual presentation of prominent calcifications that was identified incidentally on imaging during a post-trauma diagnostic work-up. The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery with a radical resection of the mass, which was subsequently characterized by histological analysis as spindle-shaped tumor cells, positive for CD117/c-KIT, CD34 and DOG1, and with calcified areas. Given the intermediate risk of recurrence, no adjuvant therapy was recommended and the patient underwent regular follow-up for 22 mo, with no evidence of relapse. Our case can be considered of interest because of the rarity of clinical presentation and the uniquely large size of the GIST at diagnosis (longest diameter exceeding 9 cm). In closing, we discuss the pathophysiology and clinical implications of calcifications in GISTs by reviewing the most up-to-date relevant literature. PMID:28344749

  14. 纳米细菌感染致SD大鼠前列腺结石的实验研究%Prostatic calculus caused by nanobacteria infection in SD rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明爱民; 张新际; 郭君毅; 吴永吉; 王海飞; 沈学成; 宋波

    2011-01-01

    目的 建立前列腺纳米细菌(NB)感染的SD大鼠模型,探讨NB在前列腺炎以及前列腺结石形成中的致病作用.方法 40只成年雄性SD大鼠随机分为对照组和模型组,每组20只.分别经尿道注入生理盐水0.2 ml和NB混悬液0.2 ml(浓度为1个麦氏单位).将2组动物分别在4周、8周后处死(每次每组10只).HE染色观察2组大鼠前列腺组织的病理改变,透射电镜和扫描电镜观察有无结石形成.取前列腺组织做NB细菌的再培养和鉴定.结果 4周后模型组大鼠前列腺组织出现慢性炎症,并持续到8周后.8周后模型组7只大鼠前列腺组织中发现小结石.前列腺组织NB再培养均有NB生长.对照组动物前列腺组织未见炎症及结石,NB细菌的再培养未见NB生长.结论 NB感染大鼠前列腺能造成前列腺慢性炎症,并形成结石,NB感染可能是前列腺结石形成的重要病因.%Objective To reproduce an SD rat model of prostatic calculus by using nanobacteria (NB), and explore the role of NB in contributing to prostatitis and prostatic calculus. Methods Twenty adult male SD rats were randomized to the control group and 20 to the model group. Rat prostate infection models were reproduced by infusing 0. 2 ml (Concentration, 1 Mai unit) NB suspension transurethrally. 0.2 ml physiological saline was infused transurethrally in the rat control group. The rats were sacrificed 4 and 8 weeks later and prostatic pathology were viewed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Lithogenesis was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) or Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Re-isolation, culture and identification of nanobacteria were also done in rat prostatic tissues. Results Chronic inflammatory changes of prostates were shown in the model group at both 4 weeks and 8 weeks after infusing NB suspension. Prostatic calculi were detected by SEM and TEM at 8 weeks in the prostates of the rat model group (7/10). Neither chronic inflammatory

  15. Nanobacteria infection caused Type Ⅲ prostatitis:clinical treatment study%纳米细菌感染致Ⅲ型前列腺炎的临床治疗研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军; 吕宏迪; 明爱民; 李文俊; 李重先; 杨玉荣; 张新际; 张正臣

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察四环素治疗纳米细菌感染的Ⅲ型前列腺炎的临床效果。方法360例纳米细菌感染的Ⅲ型前列腺炎患者分为治疗组和对照组,每组180例。观察组患者给予四环素治疗,对照组患者给予左氧氟沙星治疗,连续用药1个月后,观察2组患者前列腺炎症状指数(NIH-CPSI)评分、前列腺液卵磷脂小体及纳米细菌再培养情况。结果观察组患者NIH-CPSI评分及疼痛、排尿症状和生活质量评分显著低于对照组(P<0.01),观察组卵磷脂小体级别评分显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。观察组患者治疗后前列腺液再培养后纳米细菌阳性率为22.2%显著低于对照组的100.0%(P<0.05)。结论四环素治疗“纳米细菌”感染的Ⅲ型前列腺炎有更显著效果。%Objective To observe the clinical effect of nanobacteria infection caused Type Ⅲ prostatitis with tetracycline. Methods The 360 cases of nanobacteria infection caused Type Ⅲ prostatitis were divided into treatment group and control group,180 cases for each. The patients in the treatment group were given tetracycline while the control group were given levofloxacin. 1 month after continously using drugs ,the patient's symptom index (NIH-CPSI) score,prostate fluid lecithin corpuscle and nanobacterial reculture were observed and compared. Results The NIH-CPSI score and pain,urinary symptoms and score on life quality of the treatment group patients was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.01),also in treatment group lecithin corpuscle scale score was significantly higher than in control group (P<0.05). In treatment group and control group after prostate fluid and cultured the positive cases of nanobacterial numbers were 40 (22.2%) and 180 cases(100%) respectively,the positive rate of treatment group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Using tetracycline to treat nanobacterial infection caused

  16. Identification of nanobacteria from blood and stool of rats suffering severe infection of abdominal cavity%SD大鼠严重腹腔感染前后血、粪纳米细菌的检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑永波; 吴承堂

    2004-01-01

    目的检测SD大鼠腹腔感染前后血、粪纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB),探讨NB与严重腹腔感染的相关性.方法40只SD大鼠,通过盲肠结扎加穿孔法制作SD大鼠严重腹腔感染模型,分别于感染前后取血、粪标本进行电镜下观察;NB培养;NB 16S rRNA基因聚合酶链反应(polymerase chain reaction,pCR)扩增,电泳分析.结果电镜下观察NB,感染前、后血阳性率分别为17.5%和35.0%,P=0.118;感染前、后粪阳性率分别为40.0%和32.5%,P=0.250.经28 d培养,结果均未见有NB特异性白色沉淀物形成.PCR法检测NB 16SrRNA基因,感染前、后血阳性率分别为52.5%和90.0%,P=0.000;感染前、后粪阳性率均为95.0%.结论PCR法检测NB 16S rRNA基因,SD大鼠粪普遍阳性,腹腔感染前、后血阳性率差异有显著意义,其作用尚待进一步研究.%Objective: To detect nanobacteria (NB) from blood and stool of rats suffering severe infection of abdominal cavity. Methods: 40 SD rats were involved in the study. The severe infection models of abdominal cavity were made by cecal ligation plus puncture (CLP). The test samples of blood and stool were obtained before or after infected respectively and filtered through 0.22 μm filters to eradicate the general germs and cells. The samples were stained with phosphoric tungstic acid and observed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RPMI1640 culture with 10.0% fetal bovine serum (FBS) was added into the filtered samples for culturing NB. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was made with the primers that designed from the sequences of NB 16S rRNA gene recorded in the genebank (GenBank accession No. X98419) [1]. PCR products were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Results: NB was detected with TEM from some samples. The positive rates before and after CLP respectively were 17.5% and 35.0%in the blood samples (P=0.118), 40.0% and 32.5% in the stool samples (P=0.250). We failed to find any white precipitate in any culture bottle in 28 d

  17. Cultivation and identification of nanobacteria in aqueous humor of patients with age-related cataract%年龄相关性白内障患者房水中纳米细菌的培养和检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑幼平; 蓝兴锐; 郭少琼; 刘洁梅; 王桂芳

    2012-01-01

    目的:分离、培养与检测年龄相关性白内障房水中的纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB),为进一步探讨NB致白内障的机制奠定基础.方法:白内障超声乳化联合人工晶状体植入手术术前收集30份房水标本,通过脱矿、过滤、离心处理,用细胞培养的方法进行NB培养,观察其生长情况.采用免疫组织化学、透射电镜方法观察培养物形态.结果:培养6wk后,对培养标本进行观察,发现12瓶(40%)培养液中存在絮状漂浮成团的NB,并且其中8瓶培养液瓶底亦可见贴壁生长的成团的或散在分布的颗粒沉淀状NB;对照组一看见1例絮状漂浮,并可见管底颗粒沉淀;对照组二未见絮状漂浮和颗粒沉淀.透射电镜可见NB为针状物的聚集体,大小不一.结论:从年龄相关性白内障患者房水中分离培养鉴定出NB,表明其感染与白内障发病可能有关,需进一步研究其致病机制.

  18. 前列腺结石患者结石中纳米细菌的培养和形态学鉴定%Culture and morphological identification of nanobacteria from prostatic calculus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈学成; 杨杰; 饶贤才; 宋波; 周占松

    2008-01-01

    目的 分离、培养、鉴定纳米细菌(nanobacteria, NB),探索其在前列腺结石中的分布情况,分析其在前列腺结石发病中的作用.方法 手术中无菌收集前列腺结石患者的结石标本,经过稀释、过滤、离心处理后,用细胞培养的方法进行细菌培养,观察其生长情况.运用透射电镜、钙染色和革兰染色等手段观察其形态特征,采用单克隆抗体间接免疫荧光染色进行细菌鉴定.结果 ①培养3~4周后,对前列腺结石标本进行观察,发现部分培养管底部出现紧贴管壁生长的白色沉淀物.②钙染色和革兰染色观察可发现NB成簇分布.③单克隆抗体间接免疫荧光染色鉴定发现26例标本中存在着NB,阳性率为65.0%.④免疫荧光阳性标本透射电镜下观察,NB呈球状或球杆状,大小100~500 nm.结论 前列腺结石患者的结石中存在着NB的感染,表明NB与前列腺结石发病的关系密切.

  19. Association between osteogenesis and inflammation during the progression of calcified plaque as evaluated by combined (18)F-NaF and (18)F-FDG PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiang; Heber, Daniel; Cal-Gonzales, Jacobo; Karanikas, Georgios; Mayerhoefer, Marius E; Rasul, Sazan; Beitzke, Dietrich; Zhang, Xiaoli; Agis, Hermine; Mitterhauser, Markus; Wadsak, Wolfgang; Beyer, Thomas; Loewe, Christian; Hacker, Marcus

    2017-02-23

    Background and Aim:(18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) is the most widely validated positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for the evaluation of atherosclerotic inflammation. (18)F-sodium fluoride ((18)F-NaF) has also been recently considered a potential novel biomarker of osteogenesis in atherosclerosis. We aimed to analyze the association between inflammation and osteogenesis at different stages of atherosclerosis, as well as the interrelationship between these two processes during disease progression. Methods: Thirty-four myeloma patients underwent (18)F-NaF and (18)F-FDG PET/computed tomography (CT) examinations. Three groups (non-calcified; mildly calcified; and severely calcified lesions) were divided based on the calcium density as measured in Hounsfield units (HU) by CT. Tissue-to-background ratios (TBR) were determined from PET for both tracers. The association between inflammation and the osteogenesis during atherosclerosis progression was evaluated in 19 patients who had at least two examinations with both tracers. Results: There were significant correlations between the TBRmax values of the two tracers (Spearman's r = 0.5, P < 0.01, Pearson r = 0.4, P < 0.01) in the 221 lesions at baseline. In non-calcified lesions, highest uptake of both tracers was observed, but without any correlation between both tracers (Pearson r = 0.06, P = 0.76). Compared to non-calcified plaques, concordant significantly lower accumulation was found in mildly calcified plaques, with good correlation between the tracers (Pearson r = 0.7, P < 0.01). In addition, there was enhanced osteogenesis-derived (18)F-NaF uptake, and regressive inflammation-derived (18)F-FDG uptake in severely calcified lesions (Pearson r = 0.4, P < 0.01). During follow-up, there was an increased calcium density and an increased mean (18)F-NaF uptake observed, while the mean (18)F-FDG uptake decreased. The majority of non-calcified (86%) and mildly calcified (81%) lesions and 47% of severely calcified

  20. Efficacy of multiple biliary stenting for refractory benign biliary strictures due to chronic calcifying pancreatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohyama, Hiroshi; Mikata, Rintaro; Ishihara, Takeshi; Sakai, Yuji; Sugiyama, Harutoshi; Yasui, Shin; Tsuyuguchi, Toshio

    2017-01-01

    AIM To investigate endoscopic therapy efficacy for refractory benign biliary strictures (BBS) with multiple biliary stenting and clarify predictors. METHODS Ten consecutive patients with stones in the pancreatic head and BBS due to chronic pancreatitis who underwent endoscopic therapy were evaluated. Endoscopic insertion of a single stent failed in all patients. We used plastic stents (7F, 8.5F, and 10F) and increased stents at intervals of 2 or 3 mo. Stents were removed approximately 1 year after initial stenting. BBS and common bile duct (CBD) diameter were evaluated using cholangiography. Patients were followed for ≥ 6 mo after therapy, interviewed for cholestasis symptoms, and underwent liver function testing every visit. Patients with complete and incomplete stricture dilations were compared. RESULTS Endoscopic therapy was completed in 8 (80%) patients, whereas 2 (20%) patients could not continue therapy because of severe acute cholangitis and abdominal abscess, respectively. The mean number of stents was 4.1 ± 1.2. In two (20%) patients, BBS did not improve; thus, a biliary stent was inserted. BBS improved in six (60%) patients. CBD diameter improved more significantly in the complete group than in the incomplete group (6.1 ± 1.8 mm vs 13.7 ± 2.2 mm, respectively, P = 0.010). Stricture length was significantly associated with complete stricture dilation (complete group; 20.5 ± 3.0 mm, incomplete group; 29.0 ± 5.1 mm, P = 0.011). Acute cholangitis did not recur during the mean follow-up period of 20.6 ± 7.3 mo. CONCLUSION Sequential endoscopic insertion of multiple stents is effective for refractory BBS caused by chronic calcifying pancreatitis. BBS length calculation can improve patient selection procedure for therapy. PMID:28101303

  1. Shock wave therapy versus conventional surgery in the treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rompe, J D; Zoellner, J; Nafe, B

    2001-06-01

    A prospective quasirandomized study was performed to compare the effects of surgical extirpation (Group I, 29 patients) with the outcome after high-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Group II, 50 patients; 3,000 impulses of an energy flux density of 0.6 mJ/mm2) in patients with a chronic calcifying tendinitis in the supraspinatus tendon. Symptoms and demographic data of the two groups were comparable. According to the University of California Los Angeles Rating System, the mean score in Group I was 30 points with 75% good or excellent results after 12 months, and 32 points with 90% good or excellent results after 24 months. Radiologically, there was no calcific deposit in 85% of the patients after 1 year. In Group II, the mean score was 28 points with 60% good or excellent results after 12 months, and 29 points with 64% good or excellent results after 2 years. Radiologically, complete elimination of the deposit was observed in 47% of the patients after 1 year. Clinically, according to the University of California Los Angeles score, there was no significant difference between both groups at 1 year. At 2 years, there was a significantly better result in Group II. Both groups then were subdivided into patients who had a homogenous deposit as seen on radiographs and patients who had an inhomogenous deposit before treatment. Surgery was superior compared with high-energy shock wave therapy for patients with homogenous deposits. For patients with inhomogenous deposits, high-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy was equivalent to surgery and should be given priority because of its noninvasiveness.

  2. The mineralogical responses of marine calcifiers to CO2-induced ocean acidification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ries, J. B.; Cohen, A. L.; McCorkle, D. C.

    2008-12-01

    We have conducted 6-month laboratory experiments to investigate the effect of pCO2-induced reductions in seawater CaCO3 saturation state on biocalcification by 18 aragonitic and calcitic (low-high Mg) taxa representing eight of the major marine calcifying groups: Chlorophyta; Rhodophyta; Crustacea; Bivalvia; Gastropoda; Annelida; Cnidaria; and Echinodermata. The CaCO3 saturation states of the experimental seawaters, constrained by intercalibrated determinations of pH, alkalinity, and DIC, were attained with bubbled air-CO2 mixtures of 400 (ambient), 600, 900, and 2850 ppm pCO2, yielding Ωarag of 2.5 (ambient), 2.0, 1.5, 0.7, respectively. We previously showed that while rates of net calcification obtained from buoyant weighing declined with increasing pCO2 for nearly half of the species investigated, a nearly equal number exhibited constant or, in some cases, increased calcification under moderately (600 ppm) or extremely (900 or 2850 ppm) elevated pCO2. The organisms' investigated in this study secrete various forms of CaCO3, which differ in crystallographic structure and therefore solubility: aragonite and high-Mg are generally more soluble than low-Mg calcite. We have employed powder x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, inductively-coupled-plasma mass-spectrometry, and scanning electron microscopy to quantify changes in the organisms' skeletal mineralogy (aragonite:calcite ratio) and Mg-content (MgCO3:CaCO3 ratio) that occurred in response to the prescribed reductions in seawater CaCO3 saturation state. We will compare calcification and mineralogical response patterns amongst the organisms to elucidate the role of mineral lability in driving species-specific responses to CO2-induced ocean acidification.

  3. Calcified Cavitating Mesenteric Lymph Node Syndrome: Case Presentation and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipinder S Keer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cavitating mesenteric lymph node syndrome (CMLNS is a rare complication of celiac disease. Globally, only 36 cases of CMLNS have been reported to date. The present article reports an incidence of its unique pathology and possible complications of celiac disease, followed by a review of the syndrome. A case involving a 51-year-old man with celiac disease who was referred to hospital because of a non-tender abdominal mass is described. Plain film x-ray of the abdomen revealed fine curvilinear calcifications in the left lower quadrant. A complex, cystic-appearing, lobulated mass with somewhat echogenic walls most consistent with calcifications was revealed on subsequent ultrasound (US imaging. Colour Doppler imaging showed no evidence of vascularity within the lesion. Computed tomography (CT imaging showed a thin rim of calcification in the walls of multiple cystic components. Enhanced magnetic resonance (MR imaging revealed a mixed solid and cystic multiloculated mass, with fat-fluid layers originating from the root of the small bowel mesentery. A CT-guided biopsy was performed. The fine-needle aspirate revealed calcified matter with no associated cellular material. No malignant cells were seen; CMLNS was established as the diagnosis. To the authors’ knowledge, there are no previous reports in the literature describing the finding of rim calcification on US or MR imaging in the setting of CMLNS. CMLNS is an important diagnosis to consider, particularly in patients with a history of celiac disease. The finding of rim calcification on US in the setting of cavitating mesenteric adenopathy should prompt further diagnostic imaging studies such as CT or MR imaging. These may lead to additional pathology studies such as a CT-guided biopsy to further characterize the lesion at the cellular level, to investigate potential malignancy and to further guide follow-up and patient management.

  4. Extracellular matrix protein in calcified endoskeleton: a potential additive for crystal growth and design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizur Rahman, M.; Fujimura, Hiroyuki; Shinjo, Ryuichi; Oomori, Tamotsu

    2011-06-01

    In this study, we demonstrate a key function of extracellular matrix proteins (ECMPs) on seed crystals, which are isolated from calcified endoskeletons of soft coral and contain only CaCO 3 without any living cells. This is the first report that an ECMP protein extracted from a marine organism could potentially influence in modifying the surface of a substrate for designing materials via crystallization. We previously studied with the ECMPs from a different type of soft coral ( Sinularia polydactyla) without introducing any seed crystals in the process , which showed different results. Thus, crystallization on the seed in the presence of ECMPs of present species is an important first step toward linking function to individual proteins from soft coral. For understanding this interesting phenomenon, in vitro crystallization was initiated in a supersaturated solution on seed particles of calcite (1 0 4) with and without ECMPs. No change in the crystal growth shape occurred without ECMPs present during the crystallization process. However, with ECMPs, the morphology and phase of the crystals in the crystallization process changed dramatically. Upon completion of crystallization with ECMPs, an attractive crystal morphology was found. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was utilized to observe the crystal morphologies on the seeds surface. The mineral phases of crystals nucleated by ECMPs on the seeds surface were examined by Raman spectroscopy. Although 50 mM Mg 2+ is influential in making aragonite in the crystallization process, the ECMPs significantly made calcite crystals even when 50 mM Mg 2+ was present in the process. Crystallization with the ECMP additive seems to be a technically attractive strategy to generate assembled micro crystals that could be used in crystals growth and design in the Pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries.

  5. Calcifying invertebrates succeed in a naturally CO2-rich coastal habitat but are threatened by high levels of future acidification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Wahl

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available CO2 emissions are leading to an acidification of the oceans. Predicting marine community vulnerability towards acidification is difficult, as adaptation processes cannot be accounted for in most experimental studies. Naturally CO2 enriched sites thus can serve as valuable proxies for future changes in community structure. Here we describe a natural analogue site in the Western Baltic Sea. Seawater pCO2 in Kiel Fjord is elevated for large parts of the year due to upwelling of CO2 rich waters. Peak pCO2 values of >230 Pa (>2300 μatm and pHNBS values of pCO2 values are ~70 Pa (~700 μatm. In contrast to previously described naturally CO2 enriched sites that have suggested a progressive displacement of calcifying auto- and heterotrophic species, the macrobenthic community in Kiel Fjord is dominated by calcifying invertebrates. We show that blue mussels from Kiel Fjord can maintain control rates of somatic and shell growth at a pCO2 of 142 Pa (1400 μatm, pHNBS = 7.7. Juvenile mussel recruitment peaks during the summer months, when high water pCO2 values of ~100 Pa (~1000 μatm prevail. Our findings indicate that calcifying keystone species may be able to cope with surface ocean pHNBS values projected for the end of this century when food supply is sufficient. However, owing to non-linear synergistic effects of future acidification and upwelling of corrosive water, peak seawater pCO2 in Kiel Fjord and many other productive estuarine habitats could increase to values >400 Pa (>4000 μatm. These changes will most likely affect calcification and recruitment, and increase external shell dissolution.

  6. Rotablation in the treatment of high-risk patients with heavily calcified left-main coronary lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meng-Hsiu Chiang; Hung-Tao Yi; Cheng-Rong Tsao; Wei-Chun Chang; Chieh-Shou Su; Tsun-Jui Liu; Kae-Woei Liang; Chih-Tai Ting; Wen-Lieng Lee

    2013-01-01

    Objective Heavily calcified left-main coronary diseases (LMCA) remain a formidable challenge for percutaneous interventions (PCI). This study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of using rotational atherectomy (RA) in treating such lesions in actual practice. Methods From February 2004 to March 2012, all consecutive patients who received RA for heavily-calcified LMCA lesions in our cath lab were en-rolled. The relevant clinical and angiographic characteristics at the time of index PCI, as well as the clinical follow-up outcomes, were re-trieved and analyzed. Results A total of 34 consecutive patients were recruited with a mean age 77.2 ± 10.2 years. There were 82.4%pre-sented with acute coronary syndrome and 11.8%with cardiogenic shock. Chronic renal disease and diabetes were seen in 64.7%and 52.9%, respectively. Triple-vessel coronary disease was found in 76.5%of them. The mean SYNTAX score was 50 ± 15 and EuroSCORE II scale 5.6 ± 4.8. The angiographic success rate was 100%with a procedural success rate of 91.2%. The mean number of burrs per patient was 1.7 ± 0.5. Crossing-over stenting was used in 64.7%. Most stents were drug-eluting (67.6%). Intra-aortic ballon pump was used in 20.6%of the procedures. Three patients died during hospitalization, all due to presenting cardiogenic shock. No major complication occurred. Among 31 hospital survivors, the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rate was 16.1%, all due to target lesion revascularization or target vessel revas-cularization. Conclusions In high-surgical-risk elderly patients, plaque modification with RA in PCI of heavily-calcified LMCA could be safely accomplished with a minimal complication rate and low out-of-hospital MACE.

  7. Parasite Antigen in Serum Predicts the Presence of Viable Brain Parasites in Patients With Apparently Calcified Cysticercosis Only

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zea-Vera, Alonso; Cordova, Erika G.; Rodriguez, Silvia; Gonzales, Isidro; Pretell, E. Javier; Castillo, Yesenia; Castro-Suarez, Sheila; Gabriël, Sarah; Tsang, Victor C. W.; Dorny, Pierre; Garcia, Hector H.

    2013-01-01

    Background. Computed tomography (CT) remains the standard neuroimaging screening exam for neurocysticercosis, and residual brain calcifications are the commonest finding. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more sensitive than CT but is rarely available in endemic regions. Enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay uses antibody detection for diagnosis confirmation; by contrast, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) antigen detection (Ag-ELISA) detects circulating parasite antigen. This study evaluated whether these assays predict undetected viable cysts in patients with only calcified lesions on brain CT. Methods. Serum samples from 39 patients with calcified neurocysticercosis and no viable parasites on CT were processed by Ag-ELISA and EITB. MRI was performed for each patient within 2 months of serologic testing. Conservatively high ELISA and EITB cutoffs were used to predict the finding of viable brain cysts on MRI. Results. Using receiver operating characteristic–optimized cutoffs, 7 patients were Ag-ELISA positive, and 8 had strong antibody reactions on EITB. MRI showed viable brain cysts in 7 (18.0%) patients. Patients with positive Ag-ELISA were more likely to have viable cysts than Ag-ELISA negatives (6/7 vs 1/32; odds ratio, 186 [95% confidence interval, 1–34 470.0], P < .001; sensitivity 85.7%, specificity 96.9%, positive likelihood ratio of 27 to detect viable cysts). Similar but weaker associations were also found between a strong antibody reaction on EITB and undetected viable brain cysts. Conclusions. Antigen detection, and in a lesser degree strong antibody reactions, can predict viable neurocysticercosis. Serological diagnostic methods could identify viable lesions missed by CT in patients with apparently only calcified cysticercosis and could be considered for diagnosis workup and further therapy. PMID:23788241

  8. Transluminal attenuation gradient in coronary computed tomography angiography for determining stenosis severity of calcified coronary artery: a primary study with dual-source CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Minwen; Wei, Mengqi; Wen, Didi; Zhao, Hongliang; Liu, Ying; Li, Jian [Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Xi' an, Shaanxi Province (China); Li, Jiayi [Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Xi' an, Shaanxi Province (China)

    2015-05-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) for stenosis severity of calcified lesions assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). One hundred seven patients who underwent CCTA and coronary angiography (CAG) were enrolled. TAGs of 309 major epicardial coronary arteries were measured. The impact of plaque composition, Agatston scores, and lesion length ratio on TAG were analyzed. Diagnostic performance vs. CAG of TAG, CCTA, and combined TAG/CCTA were evaluated, and incremental value of TAG for reclassification of CCTA stenosis severity in calcified lesions was also analyzed. TAG decreased consistently with stenosis severity. TAG was significantly lower in coronary arteries with calcification scores >300 and lesion length ratios >2/3. TAG improved diagnostic accuracy of CCTA (c-statistic =0.982 vs. 0.942, P = 0.0001) in calcified lesions, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values of TAG cutoff ≤ -11.33 were 72 %, 91 %, 88 %, and 78 %, respectively. The addition of TAG to CCTA resulted in significant reclassification (NRI =0.093, P = 0.022) in calcified vessels. Measurement of TAG may improve diagnostic performance and reclassification of CCTA in coronary stenosis caused by calcified lesions. (orig.)

  9. Calcified pulmonary thromboembolism in a child with sickle cell disease: value of multidetector CT in patients with acute chest syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staser, Jonathan A. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Alam, Tariq [Medical College of Ohio, Department of Radiology, Toledo, OH (United States); Applegate, Kimberly [Indiana University Medical Center, Sections of Pediatric Radiology and Health Services Research, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    2006-06-15

    The incidence of pulmonary embolism in children is not clearly known, but is believed to be low. Risk factors for pulmonary thromboembolism include central venous catheter, malignancy, surgery, infection, trauma, and congenital hypercoagulable disorders. Children with sickle cell disease are prothrombotic and are at an increased risk of thromboembolism. The incidence of this event is unknown because these children are often not thoroughly imaged. We report here a case of a calcified pulmonary thromboembolism in a child with sickle cell disease and emphasize the use of multidetector CT in detection of pulmonary thromboembolism in children with sickle cell disease. (orig.)

  10. Computed tomography of the soft tissues of the shoulder. Pt. 3. Calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dihlmann, W.; Bandick, J.

    1988-01-01

    Computed tomography of the soft tissue of the shoulder in cases of calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff provides the following information: 1. Localisation of the calcium deposits within the rotator cuff. 2. Contours and density of the calcium deposits correlated with the clinical findings as described by Uhthoff et al. Ill-defined contours and non-homogeneous deposits are associated with more severe clinical features. 3. Computed tomography shows that apatite particles, which are not visible radiologically, may penetrate into the shoulder joint and produce synovitis with an effusion. This is of importance in local therapy.

  11. PROSPECTS FOR CYTOPROTECTORS USE IN THE ELDERLY PATIENTS THROUGH THE EXAMPLE OF CALCIFIED AORTIC STENOSIS AND ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Yu. Karpova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Issues of pathogenesis of the calcified aortic stenosis and ischemic heart disease in the elderly are considered. The relevance of early detection of angina, syncope, and dyspnea in view of their non-specific and subclinical course for early detection of heart disease is specified. Current scientific views on the myocardial bioenergy and its role in the genesis of chronic heart failure are presented. Particular attention is paid to the place of cytoprotectors, especially trimetazidine, in the management of patients with cardiac N.Yu. Karpova1diseases.

  12. Calcifying Tendonitis of the Shoulder: Risk Factors and Effectiveness of Acetic Acid Iontophoresis and Ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Cuadros

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives To clinically characterize calcifying tendonitis of the shoulder (CT through a prospective quasi-experimental before-and-after study, which provides a level of demonstrable evidence to support the decision-making and demonstrate the effectiveness of acetic acid iontophoresis and ultrasound in the treatment of CT. Methods Prospective, quasi-experimental before-after intervention study was conducted on 44 patients who referred to the rehabilitation department, Santísima Trinidad’s General Foundation hospital, Salamanca, from June 2014 to April 2016. Outcome measures: 1 Pain: measured by visual analogical scale (VAS; 2 calcification size: in millimetres, both measured radiologically at the beginning/end of treatment; 3 Intervention: Iontophoresis with 5% acetic acid at 4.7 mA × 10 minutes and continuous ultrasound 1 W/cm2 /1 MHz × 5 minutes over calcification. Results Mean age of the subjects was 54.2 years (n = 44, 65.9% female (n = 29, (95% with supraspinatus tendon (n = 38 and 5% with subscapularis (n = 2; 55% had complication in left shoulder (n = 22, 45% in right shoulder (n = 18 and 4.5% bilateral (n = 2. Regarding the occupation, 59.1% had (n = 26 administrative positions and 40.9% manual jobs (n = 18. On personal history: 34.09% were smoker (n = 15, 4.5% had diabetes (n = 2 and calcium intake secondary to osteoporosis was recorded for 2.27% (n = 1 of the subjects. Regarding radiological type: 68.18% formative (n = 30, 38.72% resorptive (n = 14 were observed. Average number of sessions was 19 and 9.01% (n = 4 of the subjects had treatment complications as intolerance/erythema/burn. Average initial pain was 7.7 points (VAS scale, significantly decreased (P = 0.0000 post treatment to 2.2. Initial average size of calcification was 10 mm and significantly decreased (P = 0.0000 post treatment to 3 mm. With respect to the change of calcification: success/cure rate was 56.8% (n = 25, improvement rate was 25% (n = 11; failure rate

  13. The strength of a calcified tissue depends in part on the molecular structure and organization of its constituent mineral crystals in their organic matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landis, W. J.

    1995-01-01

    High-voltage electron-microscopic tomographic (3D) studies of the ultrastructural interaction between mineral and organic matrix in a variety of calcified tissues reveal different crystal structural and organizational features in association with their respective organic matrices. In brittle or weak pathologic or ectopic calcifications, including examples of osteogenesis imperfecta, calciphylaxis, calcergy, and dermatomyositis, hydroxyapatite crystals occur in various sizes and shapes and are oriented and aligned with respect to collagen in a manner which is distinct from that found in normal calcified tissues. A model of collagen-mineral interaction is proposed which may account for the observed crystal structures and organization. The results indicate that the ultimate strength, support, and other mechanical properties provided by a calcified tissue are dependent in part upon the molecular structure and arrangement of its constituent mineral crystals within their organic matrix.

  14. Relationship of nanobacteria and hs-CRP in serum in patients with coronary heart disease%冠心病患者血清中纳米细菌与高敏C反应蛋白的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高劲松; 李豫皖; 彭忠; 陈晓泉; 游浩; 李佳森; 杨康; 颜海燕; 王夜明

    2012-01-01

    目的:检测冠心病患者血清中纳米细菌感染率与高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)的浓度,并探讨其临床意义.方法:采用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测冠心病组与对照组血清中的纳米细菌抗原,同时用免疫比浊法测定其血清中的hs-CRP,并进行相关性分析.结果:冠心病组血清纳米细菌感染率为27.08%(13/48),与对照组6.25%(3/48)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).冠心病组hs-CRP浓度(4.81±7.12)mg/L显著高于对照组(0.73±0.80)mg/L,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).冠心病组血清hs-CRP与纳米细菌血清检测结果呈正相关(r=0.489,P<0.05).结论:冠心病患者血清中的纳米细菌感染率与hs-CRP浓度均升高,二者具有正相关关系.%The infection rate of nanobacterial in the control group was significantly lower than the CHD group ( 6 . 2 5 % vs 27. 08% , P<0. 05). In control group the concentration of hs-CRP was (0. 73 ± 0. 80)mg/L, significantly lower than (4. 81 ±7. 12)mg/L in CHD group (P<0. 05). Correlation analysis showed a positive relationship between nanobacterial infection and serum hs-CRP (r=0. 489, P<0. 05). Conclusion:Both serum nanobacteria and hs-CRP increase in patients with CHD, which show a positive correlation between them.

  15. Establishment nephrolithiasis rat model induced by nanobacteria and analysis of stone formation%纳米细菌大鼠肾结石模型初步建立及成石因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡卫国; 王晓峰; 徐涛; 李建兴; 陈亮; 于澄钒; 黄晓波

    2010-01-01

    目的:初步建立纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)大鼠肾结石模型,探讨NB与肾结石形成的相关性和成石机制.方法:应用人肾结石患者血清培养NB.SD雄性大鼠30只随机分成NB诱石组(A组,鼠尾静脉注射NB)、NB+四环素组(B组,鼠尾静脉注射NB和胃饲四环素)、空白对照组(C组,鼠尾静脉注射生理盐水),每组各10只.8周后处死大鼠,镜下观察肾组织晶体分布并计数.检测各组大鼠24h尿N-乙酰-β-D-氨基葡萄糖苷酶(Nacetyl-B-D-glucosaminidase,NAG)、乳酸脱氢酶(lactate dehydrogenase,LDH)浓度.结果:A组和B组大鼠肾脏肾小管内产生含钙结晶,Von kossa染色阳性,主要分布于远曲小管和近曲小管,C组大鼠肾组织未见晶体,3组间差异有统计学意义(P=0.033).B组晶体少于A组,有减少趋势.24h尿NAG和LDH浓度在3组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.001).结论:NB通过肾小管上皮细胞损伤机制诱导大鼠肾脏肾小管内产生含钙结晶,参与肾结石形成.四环素通过抗NB机制,可能有抑制结晶形成和肾结石形成作用.

  16. Cultivation and morphology of nanobacteria in sera of patients with kidney calculi%肾结石患者血清中纳米细菌的培养和形态学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮; 黄晓波; 许清泉; 李建兴; 贾晓军; 王晓峰

    2010-01-01

    目的:探讨纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)在结石患者血清的感染情况,并对其进行形态学观察和特征描述.方法:采集北京大学人民医院泌尿外科24例行经皮肾镜碎石术治疗的肾结石患者和3例健康志愿者的血清进行NB的培养,应用免疫组织化学、von kossa染色、扫描电镜、透射电镜等方法对培养的NB予以观察和鉴定.结果:经鉴定,24位结石患者中有22例感染NB,而健康志愿者组未见NB感染,结石患者组NB的感染率高于健康对照组.培养4周后,NB在光镜下成球形,直径约100~500nm,能够被免疫组织化学和von kossa染色特异的识别.NB在透射电镜(负染法)下具有"毛刺"状磷灰石外壳、内部为着色较浅的菌体结构,并能够进行出芽繁殖.结论:绝大多数结石患者的血清中可以培养出NB,且阳性率高于健康对照组,这说明它可能与肾结石形成密切相关.免疫组织化学、von kossa染色、扫描电镜、透射电镜都是在不同方面对NB进行检测和鉴定的特异方法.NB的特异形态与特征是它区别于其他纳米颗粒的重要依据.

  17. Intraosseous calcium migration in calcifying tendinitis: a rare cause of single sclerotic injury in the humeral head (2010: 2b).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, S; Rapariz, J M

    2010-05-01

    Intratendinous deposits of hydroxyapatite crystals are very common, particularly in the rotator cuff. In rare cases, the calcium located in the thickness of the supraspinatus tendon can suffer intraosseous migration into the greater tuberosity. We present a case of this rare entity: a 28-year-old patient who attended with pain and functional weakness in the left shoulder. The plain radiograph showed a sclerotic lesion in the greater tuberosity of the humeral head with a radiolucent halo. The MRI showed a lytic lesion containing the calcium inside and associated with an extensive pattern of oedema of the accompanying bone marrow. A plain radiograph taken 6 months before showed a calcifying tendinitis in the thickness of the supraspinatus tendon. A large number of entities can present as single sclerotic lesions of the humeral head. The diagnostic key lies in the existence of the calcifying tendinitis in the earlier study. The treatment of this disease consists of surgical removal of the calcium. The recognition of this entity is important to avoid unnecessary complementary tests and aggressive surgery, given that the surgical treatment is curative and leads to disappearance of the symptoms.

  18. To bend a coralline: effect of joint morphology on flexibility and stress amplification in an articulated calcified seaweed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martone, Patrick T; Denny, Mark W

    2008-11-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that fleshy seaweeds resist wave-induced drag forces in part by being flexible. Flexibility allows fronds to 'go with the flow', reconfiguring into streamlined shapes and reducing frond area projected into flow. This paradigm extends even to articulated coralline algae, which produce calcified fronds that are flexible only because they have distinct joints (genicula). The evolution of flexibility through genicula was a major event that allowed articulated coralline algae to grow elaborate erect fronds in wave-exposed habitats. Here we describe the mechanics of genicula in the articulated coralline Calliarthron and demonstrate how segmentation affects bending performance and amplifies bending stresses within genicula. A numerical model successfully predicted deflections of articulated fronds by assuming genicula to be assemblages of cables connecting adjacent calcified segments (intergenicula). By varying the dimensions of genicula in the model, we predicted the optimal genicular morphology that maximizes flexibility while minimizing stress amplification. Morphological dimensions of genicula most prone to bending stresses (i.e. genicula near the base of fronds) match model predictions.

  19. Flow perfusion enhances the calcified matrix deposition of marrow stromal cells in biodegradable nonwoven fiber mesh scaffolds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sikavitsas, Vassilios I; Bancroft, Gregory N; Lemoine, Jeremy J; Liebschner, Michael A K; Dauner, Martin; Mikos, Antonios G

    2005-01-01

    In this study, we report on the ability of resorbable poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nonwoven scaffolds to support the attachment, growth, and differentiation of marrow stromal cells (MSCs) under fluid flow. Rat MSCs were isolated from young male Wistar rats and expanded using established methods. The cells were then seeded on PLLA nonwoven fiber meshes. The PLLA nonwoven fiber meshes had 99% porosity, 17 microm fiber diameter, 10 mm scaffold diameter, and 1.7-mm thickness. The nonwoven PLLA meshes were seeded with a cell suspension of 5 x 10(5) cells in 300 microl, and cultured in a flow perfusion bioreactor and under static conditions. Cell/polymer nonwoven scaffolds cultured under flow perfusion had significantly higher amounts of calcified matrix deposited on them after 16 days of culture. Microcomputed tomography revealed that the in vitro generated extracellular matrix in the scaffolds cultured under static conditions was denser at the periphery of the scaffold while in the scaffolds cultured in the perfusion bioreactor the extracellular matrix demonstrated a more homogeneous distribution. These results show that flow perfusion accelerates the proliferation and differentiation of MSCs, seeded on nonwoven PLLA scaffolds, toward the osteoblastic phenotype, and improves the distribution of the in vitro generated calcified extracellular matrix.

  20. Cost-effectiveness analysis of orbital atherectomy plus balloon angioplasty vs balloon angioplasty alone in subjects with calcified femoropopliteal lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weinstock B

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Barry Weinstock,1 Raymond Dattilo,2 Tiffini Diage3 1Orlando Health Heart Institute, Mid-Florida Cardiology Specialists, Orlando, FL, USA; 2Department of Cardiology, St Francis Health Center, Topeka, KS, USA; 3North American Science Association (NAMSA, Sunnyvale, CA, USA Introduction: As cost considerations become increasingly critical when selecting optimal endovascular treatment strategies, a cost-benefit analysis was conducted comparing the Diamondback 360°® Orbital Atherectomy System (OAS (Cardiovascular Systems, Inc., St Paul, MN, USA and balloon angioplasty (BA vs BA alone for treatment of calcified femoropopliteal lesions. Patients and methods: The clinical outcomes from COMPLIANCE 360°, a prospective, multicenter, randomized study comparing OAS+BA vs BA alone for treatment of calcified femoropopliteal lesions, were correlated with cost data and previously published quality of life data. Site of service, hospital charges, and associated medical resource utilization were obtained from Uniform Billing statements for index treatments and associated revascularizations out to 1 year. Hospital costs were estimated using hospital-specific, procedure-specific cost-to-charge ratios. Length of stay and procedural data were collected from participating study sites. Results: Twenty-five subjects with 38 lesions and 25 subjects with 27 lesions were randomized to the OAS+BA and BA-alone groups, respectively. Mean hospital charges (US$51,755 vs US$39,922 and estimated hospital costs (US$15,100 vs US$11,016 were higher for OAS+BA compared with BA alone (not statistically significant. Stent utilization was statistically significantly higher with BA-alone treatment for all subjects (1.1 vs 0.1, P=0.001 and in the subset of subjects with one lesion (1.0 vs 0.1, P<0.00001. There was a significant difference in cost for single-lesion versus multiple-lesion treatment. Using costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs for the single-lesion cohort, the 1-year

  1. Net Loss of CaCO3 from a subtropical calcifying community due to seawater acidification: mesocosm-scale experimental evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Rodgers

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Acidification of seawater owing to oceanic uptake of atmospheric CO2 originating from human activities such as burning of fossil fuels and land-use changes has raised serious concerns regarding its adverse effects on corals and calcifying communities. Here we demonstrate a net loss of calcium carbonate (CaCO3 material as a result of decreased calcification and increased carbonate dissolution from replicated subtropical coral reef communities (n=3 incubated in continuous-flow mesocosms subject to future seawater conditions. The calcifying community was dominated by the coral Montipora capitata. Daily average community calcification or Net Ecosystem Calcification (NEC=CaCO3 production – dissolution was positive at 3.3 mmol CaCO3 m−2 h−1 under ambient seawater pCO2 conditions as opposed to negative at −0.04 mmol CaCO3 m−2 h−1 under seawater conditions of double the ambient pCO2. These experimental results provide support for the conclusion that some net calcifying communities could become subject to net dissolution in response to anthropogenic ocean acidification within this century. Nevertheless, individual corals remained healthy, actively calcified (albeit slower than at present rates, and deposited significant amounts of CaCO3 under the prevailing experimental seawater conditions of elevated pCO2.

  2. Net Loss of CaCO3 from a subtropical calcifying community due to seawater acidification: Mesocosm-scale experimental evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, A.J.; Kuffner, I.B.; MacKenzie, F.T.; Jokiel, P.L.; Rodgers, K.S.; Tan, A.

    2009-01-01

    Acidification of seawater owing to oceanic uptake of atmospheric CO 2 originating from human activities such as burning of fossil fuels and land-use changes has raised serious concerns regarding its adverse effects on corals and calcifying communities. Here we demonstrate a net loss of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) material as a result of decreased calcification and increased carbonate dissolution from replicated subtropical coral reef communities (N=3) incubated in continuous-flow mesocosms subject to future seawater conditions. The calcifying community was dominated by the coral Montipora capitata. Daily average community calcification or Net Ecosystem Calcification (NECC=CaCO3 production - dissolution) was positive at 3.3 mmol CaCO3 m-2 h-1 under ambient seawater pCO2 conditions as opposed to negative at -0.04 mmol CaCO3 m-2 h-1 under seawater conditions of double the ambient pCO2. These experimental results provide support for the conclusion that some net calcifying communities could become subject to net dissolution in response to anthropogenic ocean acidification within this century. Nevertheless, individual corals remained healthy, actively calcified (albeit slower than at present rates), and deposited significant amounts of CaCO3 under the prevailing experimental seawater conditions of elevated pCO2.

  3. Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mads; Ganz, Melanie; Lauze, Francois Bernard;

    2011-01-01

    Calcification Distribution (MACD) index. The hazard ratio for mortality was calculated for the MACD and for three other commonly used predictors: the EU SCORE card, the Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score (Framingham score), and the gold standard Aortic Calcification Severity score (AC24) developed...... from the Framingham Heart Study cohorts. Results All four scoring systems showed increasing age, smoking, and raised triglyceride levels were the main predictors of mortality after adjustment for all other metabolic and physical parameters. The SCORE card and the Framingham score resulted...... and size of calcified lesions. The MACD index may provide a more sensitive predictor of mortality from aortic calcification than the commonly used AC24 and SCORE/Framingham point card systems....

  4. CONTRIBUTIONS ON THE ULTRASOUND USE IN FASTFINDING AND CREATING THE ACCES TO THE CALCIFIED CANNALS AND ABLATION OF THE PULPOLITES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Elena AMZA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the treatment with ultrasounds, two categories of devices are used, which work on theprinciple of the magnetostriction phenomenon or the principle of pieso-electrictricity. The mostimportant part of an endodontic ultrasound device is the ultra-acoustic system which must becalculated, projected and made in such way so th exercise a certain type of ultrasound (asked bythat application which together with the endodontic instrument acoustically activated to worktogether in resonance regime. In order to find the hidden canals calcified and for an easiermaking of the acces to the root canals is suggested an endodontic instrument with an activespecific part and with a central canal which allows the penetration of a cooling fluid in the workarea and in order to create the phenomenon of ultrasound cavity

  5. Arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder: clinical and ultrasonographic follow-up findings at two to five years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porcellini, Giuseppe; Paladini, Paolo; Campi, Fabrizio; Paganelli, Massimo

    2004-01-01

    From 1996 to 1999, 95 shoulders with calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff were treated arthroscopically by the same surgeon and assigned to the same rehabilitation program. The 63 patients matching the inclusion criteria were reviewed after a mean follow-up of 36 months. Preoperative and postoperative clinical functional assessment was performed separately by the same three surgeons using the Constant method. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to verify interobserver variability and to correlate the presence of residual calcifications with follow-up Constant scores and preoperative ultrasound findings. At 24 months, improved Constant scores were inversely related to the number and size of residual calcifications in all patients. Ultrasound examination showed no cuff tears. As outcome seemed to relate strongly only to the presence of residual calcium deposits in the tendon, their complete removal is recommended.

  6. Feasibility of microvascular head and neck reconstruction in the setting of calcified arteriosclerosis of the vascular pedicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Matthew K; Blackwell, Keith E; Kim, Brandon; Nabili, Vishad

    2013-03-01

    OBJECTIVE To report outcomes in free flap reconstructive surgery in the setting of calcified arteriosclerosis affecting the flap pedicle. DESIGN Retrospective review, including a detailed analysis of medical records, histopathologic findings, and a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS A total of 1329 consecutive microvascular free tissue transfers were performed by 2 reconstructive surgeons at a university-affiliated tertiary care medical center from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2011. Clinical notes, operative notes, and pathology reports were systematically reviewed to identify 44 patients (3%) with calcified arteriosclerosis involving the flap vascular pedicle. A comprehensive medical record review was performed for the included patients, detailing patient-related characteristics, flap survival, and incidence of perioperative complications. RESULTS A history of arteriosclerosis was identified preoperatively in 18 patients (41%). Eight patients (18%) were specifically recognized clinically and histologically to have a variant of arteriosclerosis known as Mönckeberg medial calcific sclerosis. In total, fibula osteocutaneous free flap was performed in 30 patients, radial forearm in 8 patients, rectus abdominus in 3 patients, latissimus dorsi in 2 patients, and parascapular in 1 patient. Perioperative complications occurred in 17 patients (39%), with the most common being pulmonary (14%) and cardiac (9%). Patient follow-up ranged from 3 to 137 months, with a mean postoperative follow-up of 21 months. The mean length of hospital stay was 12 days. There was a 0% incidence of total flap failure and a 7% incidence of partial flap necrosis. CONCLUSION Although technically challenging, successful microvascular free flap reconstruction can be achieved despite the presence of vascular calcifications affecting the flap vascular pedicle.

  7. Distribution, size, shape, growth potential and extent of abdominal aortic calcified deposits predict mortality in postmenopausal women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Bruijne Marleen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Aortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of calcified plaques in the lumbar aorta. Methods 308 postmenopausal women aged 48-76 were followed for 8.3 ± 0.3 years, with deaths related to cardiovascular disease, cancer, or other causes being recorded. From lumbar X-rays at baseline the number (NCD, size, morphology and distribution of aortic calcification lesions were scored and combined into one Morphological Atherosclerotic Calcification Distribution (MACD index. The hazard ratio for mortality was calculated for the MACD and for three other commonly used predictors: the EU SCORE card, the Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score (Framingham score, and the gold standard Aortic Calcification Severity score (AC24 developed from the Framingham Heart Study cohorts. Results All four scoring systems showed increasing age, smoking, and raised triglyceride levels were the main predictors of mortality after adjustment for all other metabolic and physical parameters. The SCORE card and the Framingham score resulted in a mortality hazard ratio increase per standard deviation (HR/SD of 1.8 (1.51-2.13 and 2.6 (1.87-3.71, respectively. Of the morphological x-ray based measures, NCD revealed a HR/SD >2 adjusted for SCORE/Framingham. The MACD index scoring the distribution, size, morphology and number of lesions revealed the best predictive power for identification of patients at risk of mortality, with a hazard ratio of 15.6 (p Conclusions This study shows that it is not just the extent of aortic calcification that predicts risk of mortality, but also the distribution, shape and size of calcified lesions. The MACD index may provide a more sensitive predictor of mortality from aortic calcification than the commonly used AC24 and SCORE/Framingham point card systems.

  8. Primary calcified rhabdoid meningioma of the cranio-cervical junction: A case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Abolfotoh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rhabdoid meningioma (RM is a relatively new, rare, and aggressive subtype of meningioma, classified as Grade III malignancy in 2000, 2007 versions of WHO classification of the central nervous system. We reviewed the data available from all published cases of RMs. To the best of our knowledge, there are more than 100 published cases of RMs; none have documented extensive calcification or origin from the cranio cervical junction. We report the first case of a totally calcified (stony mass, primary RM, at the cranio cervical junction. Also, we highlighted the role of the transcondylar approach to achieve microscopic total removal of such a challenging lesion. A 37 year old female, allergic to erythromycin, presented with 5 years of progressive right upper extremity numbness and weakness, right facial numbness, and occipital pain. Imaging demonstrated a large calcified mass at the right posterior-lateral margin of the cranio cervical junction, encasing the right vertebral artery and right PICA loop. Patient underwent microscopic total resection of the lesion. Pathological diagnosis was confirmed as RM with atypical features. Subsequently, the patient received postoperative intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT on the tumor bed, and close follow up imaging showed no recurrence 2 years after surgery. We report the first case of a primary RM originating from the cranial cervical junction; also, it is the first case to present with extensive calcification in this morphological subtype. We also conclude that RM has now become a feature of newly diagnosed cases and not only a disease of recurrent cases as it was thought in the past. Since RMs are typically considered aggressive, total surgical resection with close follow up and postoperative adjuvant radiation should be considered. However, the adjuvant therapy of each separate case of RM should be tailored according to its particular histopathologic profile.

  9. Nanobacteria-like particles: a threat to cell cultures Partículas semelhantes à nanobactérias: uma ameaça às culturas de células

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amauri Braga Simonetti

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to alert researchers who work with cell cultures for the risk of contamination by structures called nanobacteria (NB. NB are tiny structures with size varying from 80 to 500 nm, commonly occurring in clusters and producing a biofilm which contains carbonate or hydroxyl apatite. The most likely source of cell culture contamination by such organisms is serum used as supplement in culture media. The presence of NB leads to a progressive culture deterioration with accumulation of granules (probably phagocytized NB in cytoplasmic vacuoles, an increasing number of dead cells in the supernatant and degeneration of cells that remained attached to the bottom of the vessel. NB can also be found in culture supernatants where they are found in clusters with variable size and displaying brownian movement. In this study, 19 cell lineages, 8 batches of sera and 1 batch of growth supplement from different sources were analyzed. Samples from sera were cultured in Eagle's Minimum Essential Medium (E-MEM or incubated directly at 37ºC. Tests carried out to detect the presence of extracellular bacteria, Mycoplasma sp and viruses were all negative. Analysis by scanning electron microscopy (SEM revealed tiny oval structures less than 500 nm in size, isolated or in small groups, in all material analyzed except in one fetal bovine serum batch.O principal objetivo deste estudo é alertar aos pesquisadores que trabalham com cultivos celulares sobre o risco de contaminação por estruturas denominadas nanobactérias (NB. NB são estruturas muito pequenas cujo tamanho varia de 80 a 500 nm e que comumente ocorrem em agrupamentos, produzindo biofilme de carbonato ou hidroxiapatita. A fonte mais provável de contaminação dos cultivos celulares por tais organismos é o soro utilizado como suplemento nos meios de cultura. A presença de NB leva a uma progressiva deterioração do cultivo com acúmulo de grânulos (provavelmente NB fagocitadas em

  10. Ⅲ型前列腺炎患者前列腺液中纳米细菌的培养和形态学鉴定%Identification of the nanobacteria in prostatic fluid of CPPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈学成; 洪理; 饶贤才; 宋波; 周占松

    2008-01-01

    Objective To identify the nanobaeteria in prostate fluid of patients with CPPS.Methods Expressed prostatic secretion(EPS)and urine specimens were collected by Meares-Stamey way from CPPS patients(n=100)and normal controls(n=100).The specimens were cultured and nanobacteria was identified by indirect immunofluoreseenee staining with rnonoelonal antibody.The morphological features were observed by using transmission electron microscopy(TEM). Results The positive rate of nanobaeteria in the EPS cdture of CPPS patients and controls were 43% and 5% respectively,with significant statistical difference(X2=39.58,P<0.01).By TEM,the sizes of NB ranged from 100 to 500 nm and appeared eoccoid-ccccobacillary shape. Conclusion Nanobaeteria infection may exist in EPS of CPPS patients.%目的 探索纳米细菌在Ⅲ型前列腺炎(CPPS)患者前列腺液中的分布情况和微生物学特性及其在Ⅲ型前列腺炎发病中的意义. 方法门诊根据病史、尿常规细菌培养、前列腺液常规镜检结果筛选出CPPS患者100例作为试验对象,年龄26~48岁,平均36岁;选择100例健康成年男性作为正常对照组,年龄21~46岁,平均32岁.按照Mearea-Stamey法收集前列腺液,细胞培养方法进行纳米细菌培养,观察其生长情况;单克隆抗体间接免疫荧光染色进行纳米细菌鉴定,并在透射电镜下观察其形态特征.结果 CPPS患者前列腺液标本中发现纳米细菌生长43例,正常对照组仅5例,2组纳米细菌阳性率比较差异有统计学意义(X2=39.58,P<0.01);透射电镜下观察,纳米细菌呈球状或球棒状,大小100~500 nm,绝大多数聚集成簇,菌体周围有一层黑色物质包绕,并有羟基磷灰石分布.结论 纳米细菌与Ⅲ型前列腺炎发病密切相关.

  11. 纳米细菌促进乳腺癌细胞MDA-MB-231凋亡%Nanobacteria promotes apoptosis in breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜男; 张德纯; 张名均; 郭亚楠; 杨晓容; 许舸

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)与纳米羟基磷灰石颗粒(nano hydroxyapatite,nHAP)对乳腺癌MDA-MB-231细胞的影响.方法 实验分为NB组、nHAP组和正常对照组,其中NB组和nHAP组悬液的浓度均为2麦氏浊度(M),正常对照组仅加培养基,与乳腺癌MDA-MB-231细胞共同培养24、48、72 h,通过CCK-8检测其对细胞的毒性作用;培养12、24、48、72 h,取上清,经全自动生化分析仪测定LDH活性;作用72 h,经流式细胞仪(flow cytometry,FCM)测定其凋亡率,透射电镜观察其超微结构的变化情况.结果 CCK-8显示,NB组24、48、72 h对细胞的抑制作用均强于nHAP组和正常对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);NB组LDH含量在24、48、72 h时均高于正常对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05);24、48、72 h均高于nHA组,但仅24、48 h有统计学差异(P<0.05).nHAP组LDH活性仅在72 h与正常对照组比较有统计学差异(P <0.01);72 h后NB组细胞凋亡率高于nHAP组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);透射电镜下观察,NB组可以看到胞质空泡样变,核固缩以及明显的凋亡小体,nHAP组未见明显异常.结论 NB可以抑制乳腺癌细胞的生长,促进其发生凋亡,其导致细胞凋亡的成分不仅仅是NB羟基磷灰石的外壳,也可能与NB的其他组分或代谢产物有关.

  12. The cytotoxic effect of nanobacteria on human osteoblast cells%纳米细菌对人成骨细胞C3H10的细胞毒作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张名均; 傅长虹; 张德纯

    2015-01-01

    目的 比较纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)与羟基磷灰石(hydroxyapatite,HA)对成骨细胞的细胞毒作用,进一步探讨引起细胞毒作用的机制.方法 实验分为正常对照组、HA组、NB组,其中HA组和NB组悬液浓度均为2麦氏浊度(M),对照组只加培养基,分别作用成骨细胞,通过CCK-8试剂盒检测其对细胞的增殖抑制作用;采用Hoechest33258荧光染色和Annexin V-FITC/PC双标法流式细胞仪(flow cotymetry)检测细胞凋亡率;倒置显微镜和透射电镜观察细胞形态的变化;Western blot法检测钙化相关蛋白BMP-2、凋亡相关蛋白Bax的表达.结果 CCK-8结果显示:NB对人成骨细胞C3H10有细胞增殖抑制作用,而HA则没有.Hoechst33258荧光染色和双标法流式细胞仪结果显示:NB对人成骨细胞C3H10主要通过促进细胞凋亡发挥细胞毒作用,而HA对人成骨细胞C3H10无细胞毒性作用.在倒置显微镜下观察,作用48 h后的人成骨细胞C3H10形态无明显变化.透射电镜结果显示:NB可引起人成骨细胞C3H10发生凋亡,出现凋亡小体;而HA组和对照组无明显变化.Western blot结果显示:NB组的钙化相关蛋白BMP-2和凋亡相关蛋白Bax均高于对照组;而HA组和对照组比较,HA组钙化相关蛋白BMP-2高于对照组,而凋亡相关蛋白Bax无明显变化.结论 与对照组比较,纳米细菌能引起人成骨细胞C3H10细胞毒性作用,主要是通过促进细胞凋亡发挥细胞毒作用,能促进钙化相关蛋白BMP-2的表达,凋亡相关蛋白Bax的表达升高也预示着纳米细菌可促进细胞发生凋亡;而羟基磷灰石对人成骨细胞C3H10无细胞毒性作用,可促进钙化相关蛋白BMP-2的表达,但不能促进人成骨细胞C3H10发生凋亡.

  13. Effect of nanobacteria on cell damage and crystal retention in renal tubular epithelial cells%纳米细菌对肾小管上皮细胞的损伤及晶体滞留的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于澄钒; 黄晓波; 陈亮; 许清泉; 胡卫国; 王晓峰

    2010-01-01

    目的:研究纳米细菌(nanobacteria,NB)对HK-2细胞的损伤作用及机制,并探讨损伤后细胞与一水草酸钙(calcium oxalate monohydrate,COM)晶体粘附性的变化.方法:应用肾结石患者血清培养NB,免疫组化法对NB进行鉴定.实验分为4组:空白对照组、NB组、纳米级羟基磷灰石(nanograde hydroxuapatite,nHAP)组和COM组.HK-2细胞与各组作用物共同培养12、24h后进行形态学观察;培养6、12、24h后取培养液进行过氧化氢(H2O2)、LDH、MDA含量测定,消化细胞并超声粉碎后进行Na+/K+及Ca2+/Mg2+ATP酶活性的测定;培养6、12、24h后各组分别加入COM晶体,利用异硫氰酸荧光素-鬼笔环肽进行细胞荧光染色,于激光共聚焦显微镜下观察细胞与COM晶体的粘附情况.结果:NB组、nHAP组12h后出现细胞形态改变,刷状缘排列紊乱,胞浆、胞核松散,空泡形成;24h后线粒体肿胀,部分细胞核膜溶解、核仁消失,NB组核膜溶解细胞数量多于nHAP组.NB组12、24h H2O2含量高于空白对照组、nHAP组,6、24h MDA含量高于空白对照组、nHAP组,但NB组各时间点LDH含量与空白对照组、nHAP组无明显差异.Na+/K+ATP酶活性在12h后,NB组、nHAP组低于空白对照组,24h后,仅NB组低于空白对照组;Ca2+/Mg2+ATP酶活性在12h后,NB组、nHAP组低于空白对照组,24h后仅NB组低于空白对照组.12h后,NB组粘附COM晶体数量较前增多,而COM组还可见到部分晶体已进入细胞内;24h后,NB组与COM组晶体粘附情况与12h相近.空白对照组与nHAP组未观察到细胞与显著数量的COM晶体粘附.结论:NB对共同培养的HK-2细胞造成损伤,损伤程度随作用时间加长而加重,并强于nHAP,损伤过程中有脂质过氧化反应参与.NB损伤细胞后,细胞的晶体粘附性明显增强,随损伤作用时间的延长,细胞与一水草酸钙晶体的粘附量也会相应地增加;nHAP损伤细胞后未对细胞的晶体粘附性产生显著影响.

  14. Petrological, geochemical and isotopic characteristics of lignite and calcified lignite from mining area Pesje, Velenje Basin, Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrabec, Mirijam; Markič, Miloš; Vrabec, Marko; Jaćimović, Radojko; Kanduč, Tjaša

    2014-05-01

    Lignite (organic rich) and calcified lignite (inorganic rich) samples from excavation field -50c mining area Pesje, Velenje Basin, Slovenia were investigated. During geological and structural mapping lignite and calcified lignite samples were systematically taken for determination of their petrological, geochemical and isotopic characteristics. Lignite is composed of fine detritical gelified matrix. At least five different types of calcified lignite were recognized forming laminations, calcifications after wood, petrified wood and complete replacements of lignite with carbonate. All measured parameters so far indicate geochemical processes during sedimentation of the Velenej Basin. After macroscopic description samples were split to organic and inorganic component (Ward, 1984) and powdered in an agate mortar for geochemical and isotopic analyses. Major and trace elements (As, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Mo, Sb, Se, Th, U, Zn) in these samples were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) using k-0 standardization method (Jaćimović et al, 2002). The isotopic composition of carbon and nitrogen was determined using a Europa 20-20 continuous flow IRMS ANCA-SL preparation module. A 1 mg amount of a sample was weighed in a tin capsule for carbon and 10 mg for nitrogen analysis. Samples for carbon analyses were pretreated with 1 M HCl to remove carbonates. Carbonate samples from carbonate-rich strata and calcified xylite were first roasted at 450 deg C (Krantz et al., 1987). Three miligrams of carbonate sample was transformed into CO2 by reaction with anhydrous H3PO4 at 55 deg C under vacuum (McCrea, 1950) and measured with GV 2003 isotope ratio mass spectrometer. Measured isotopic composition of oxygen as VPDB values was recalculated to the VSMOW reference standard to enable the comparison with data from other coal basins. SEM/EDXS of carbonate rich sediments was performed with JEOL JSM 5800 electron microanalyzer scanning electron microscope

  15. Intermetallic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Dileep; Yusufoglu, Yusuf; Timofeeva, Elena; Routbort, Jules L.

    2017-01-03

    A process for preparing intermetallic nanoparticles of two or more metals is provided. In particular, the process includes the steps: a) dispersing nanoparticles of a first metal in a solvent to prepare a first metal solution, b) forming a reaction mixture with the first metal solution and a reducing agent, c) heating the reaction mixture to a reaction temperature; and d) adding a second metal solution containing a salt of a second metal to the reaction mixture. During this process, intermetallic nanoparticles, which contain a compound with the first and second metals are formed. The intermetallic nanoparticles with uniform size and a narrow size distribution is also provided. An electrochemical device such as a battery with the intermetallic nanoparticles is also provided.

  16. Intermetallic nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Dileep; Yusufoglu, Yusuf; Timofeeva, Elena; Routbort, Jules

    2015-07-14

    A process for preparing intermetallic nanoparticles of two or more metals is provided. In particular, the process includes the steps: a) dispersing nanoparticles of a first metal in a solvent to prepare a first metal solution, b) forming a reaction mixture with the first metal solution and a reducing agent, c) heating the reaction mixture to a reaction temperature; and d) adding a second metal solution containing a salt of a second metal to the reaction mixture. During this process, intermetallic nanoparticles, which contain a compound with the first and second metals are formed. The intermetallic nanoparticles with uniform size and a narrow size distribution is also provided. An electrochemical device such as a battery with the intermetallic nanoparticles is also provided.

  17. Hypermetabolic Calcified Lymph Nodes on 18Fludeoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in a Case of Treated Ovarian Cancer Recurrence: Residual Disease or Benign Formation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Nikaki

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The contribution of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT with 18F-fludeoxyglucose (FDG in evaluating ovarian cancer recurrence even after a prolonged disease-free interval, and in therapy response is well-described. Calcifications observed in CT, although usually attributed to benign conditions, may actually represent active disease. Such an example of calcified formations is psammoma bodies. We present a case of 56-y. o. patient with ovarian cancer relapse at the supraclavicular area 18 years after complete response and disease-free interval. The patient received chemotherapy and underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT for the evaluation of treatment response. Both CT corrected and uncorrected PET images showed hypermetabolism in the massively calcified lymph nodes in the neck, mediastinum, axilla and abdomen, indicative of active residual disease

  18. Dataset of calcified plaque condition in the stenotic coronary artery lesion obtained using multidetector computed tomography to indicate the addition of rotational atherectomy during percutaneous coronary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akutsu, Yasushi; Hamazaki, Yuji; Sekimoto, Teruo; Kaneko, Kyouichi; Kodama, Yusuke; Li, Hui-Ling; Suyama, Jumpei; Gokan, Takehiko; Sakai, Koshiro; Kosaki, Ryota; Yokota, Hiroyuki; Tsujita, Hiroaki; Tsukamoto, Shigeto; Sakurai, Masayuki; Sambe, Takehiko; Oguchi, Katsuji; Uchida, Naoki; Kobayashi, Shinichi; Aoki, Atsushi; Kobayashi, Youichi

    2016-06-01

    Our data shows the regional coronary artery calcium scores (lesion CAC) on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and the cross-section imaging on MDCT angiography (CTA) in the target lesion of the patients with stable angina pectoris who were scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). CAC and CTA data were measured using a 128-slice scanner (Somatom Definition AS+; Siemens Medical Solutions, Forchheim, Germany) before PCI. CAC was measured in a non-contrast-enhanced scan and was quantified using the Calcium Score module of SYNAPSE VINCENT software (Fujifilm Co. Tokyo, Japan) and expressed in Agatston units. CTA were then continued with a contrast-enhanced ECG gating to measure the severity of the calcified plaque condition. We present that both CAC and CTA data are used as a benchmark to consider the addition of rotational atherectomy during PCI to severely calcified plaque lesions.

  19. Dataset of calcified plaque condition in the stenotic coronary artery lesion obtained using multidetector computed tomography to indicate the addition of rotational atherectomy during percutaneous coronary intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasushi Akutsu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Our data shows the regional coronary artery calcium scores (lesion CAC on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT and the cross-section imaging on MDCT angiography (CTA in the target lesion of the patients with stable angina pectoris who were scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. CAC and CTA data were measured using a 128-slice scanner (Somatom Definition AS+; Siemens Medical Solutions, Forchheim, Germany before PCI. CAC was measured in a non-contrast-enhanced scan and was quantified using the Calcium Score module of SYNAPSE VINCENT software (Fujifilm Co. Tokyo, Japan and expressed in Agatston units. CTA were then continued with a contrast-enhanced ECG gating to measure the severity of the calcified plaque condition. We present that both CAC and CTA data are used as a benchmark to consider the addition of rotational atherectomy during PCI to severely calcified plaque lesions.

  20. Spatial distribution of benthic macroorganisms on reef flats at Porto de Galinhas Beach (northeastern Brazil, with special focus on corals and calcified hydroids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Imenis Barradas

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite their ecological and social-economic importance, coral reefs are under constant threat and thus require proper management practices. Data on the spatial structure of these ecosystems are essential for good quality conservation projects in such areas. This study aimed to quantitatively analyze the spatial distribution of benthic macroorganisms from the reef environment of Porto de Galinhas Beach, with special focus on its corals and calcified hydroids. Reef flats of the area were surveyed by scuba diving, using 10m line transects. A high cover of macroalgae was verified, averaging 53% of the observations. Zoanthids were the second most representative group (11%. A total of 173 colonies of corals and calcified hydroids were observed and 40% of these colonies were partially or totally bleached.

  1. First shark from the Late Devonian (Frasnian Gogo Formation, Western Australia sheds new light on the development of tessellated calcified cartilage.

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    John A Long

    Full Text Available Living gnathostomes (jawed vertebrates comprise two divisions, Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes, including euchondrichthyans with prismatic calcified cartilage, and extinct stem chondrichthyans and Osteichthyes (bony fishes including tetrapods. Most of the early chondrichthyan ('shark' record is based upon isolated teeth, spines, and scales, with the oldest articulated sharks that exhibit major diagnostic characters of the group--prismatic calcified cartilage and pelvic claspers in males--being from the latest Devonian, c. 360 Mya. This paucity of information about early chondrichthyan anatomy is mainly due to their lack of endoskeletal bone and consequent low preservation potential.Here we present new data from the first well-preserved chondrichthyan fossil from the early Late Devonian (ca. 380-384 Mya Gogo Formation Lägerstatte of Western Australia. The specimen is the first Devonian shark body fossil to be acid-prepared, revealing the endoskeletal elements as three-dimensional undistorted units: Meckel's cartilages, nasal, ceratohyal, basibranchial and possible epibranchial cartilages, plus left and right scapulocoracoids, as well as teeth and scales. This unique specimen is assigned to Gogoselachus lynnbeazleyae n. gen. n. sp.The Meckel's cartilages show a jaw articulation surface dominated by an expansive cotylus, and a small mandibular knob, an unusual condition for chondrichthyans. The scapulocoracoid of the new specimen shows evidence of two pectoral fin basal articulation facets, differing from the standard condition for early gnathostomes which have either one or three articulations. The tooth structure is intermediate between the 'primitive' ctenacanthiform and symmoriiform condition, and more derived forms with a euselachian-type base. Of special interest is the highly distinctive type of calcified cartilage forming the endoskeleton, comprising multiple layers of nonprismatic subpolygonal tesserae separated by a cellular matrix

  2. Sequencing ancient calcified dental plaque shows changes in oral microbiota with dietary shifts of the Neolithic and Industrial revolutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Christina J; Dobney, Keith; Weyrich, Laura S; Kaidonis, John; Walker, Alan W; Haak, Wolfgang; Bradshaw, Corey J A; Townsend, Grant; Sołtysiak, Arkadiusz; Alt, Kurt W; Parkhill, Julian; Cooper, Alan

    2013-04-01

    The importance of commensal microbes for human health is increasingly recognized, yet the impacts of evolutionary changes in human diet and culture on commensal microbiota remain almost unknown. Two of the greatest dietary shifts in human evolution involved the adoption of carbohydrate-rich Neolithic (farming) diets (beginning ∼10,000 years before the present) and the more recent advent of industrially processed flour and sugar (in ∼1850). Here, we show that calcified dental plaque (dental calculus) on ancient teeth preserves a detailed genetic record throughout this period. Data from 34 early European skeletons indicate that the transition from hunter-gatherer to farming shifted the oral microbial community to a disease-associated configuration. The composition of oral microbiota remained unexpectedly constant between Neolithic and medieval times, after which (the now ubiquitous) cariogenic bacteria became dominant, apparently during the Industrial Revolution. Modern oral microbiotic ecosystems are markedly less diverse than historic populations, which might be contributing to chronic oral (and other) disease in postindustrial lifestyles.

  3. High Density Infill in Cracks and Protrusions from the Articular Calcified Cartilage in Osteoarthritis in Standardbred Horse Carpal Bones

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    Sheila Laverty

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available We studied changes in articular calcified cartilage (ACC and subchondral bone (SCB in the third carpal bones (C3 of Standardbred racehorses with naturally-occurring repetitive loading-induced osteoarthritis (OA. Two osteochondral cores were harvested from dorsal sites from each of 15 post-mortem C3 and classified as control or as showing early or advanced OA changes from visual inspection. We re-examined X-ray micro-computed tomography (µCT image sets for the presence of high-density mineral infill (HDMI in ACC cracks and possible high-density mineralized protrusions (HDMP from the ACC mineralizing (tidemark front (MF into hyaline articular cartilage (HAC. We hypothesized and we show that 20-µm µCT resolution in 10-mm diameter samples is sufficient to detect HDMI and HDMP: these are lost upon tissue decalcification for routine paraffin wax histology owing to their predominant mineral content. The findings show that µCT is sufficient to discover HDMI and HDMP, which were seen in 2/10 controls, 6/9 early OA and 8/10 advanced OA cases. This is the first report of HDMI and HDMP in the equine carpus and in the Standardbred breed and the first to rely solely on µCT. HDMP are a candidate cause for mechanical tissue destruction in OA.

  4. High density infill in cracks and protrusions from the articular calcified cartilage in osteoarthritis in standardbred horse carpal bones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laverty, Sheila; Lacourt, Mathieu; Gao, Chan; Henderson, Janet E; Boyde, Alan

    2015-04-28

    We studied changes in articular calcified cartilage (ACC) and subchondral bone (SCB) in the third carpal bones (C3) of Standardbred racehorses with naturally-occurring repetitive loading-induced osteoarthritis (OA). Two osteochondral cores were harvested from dorsal sites from each of 15 post-mortem C3 and classified as control or as showing early or advanced OA changes from visual inspection. We re-examined X-ray micro-computed tomography (µCT) image sets for the presence of high-density mineral infill (HDMI) in ACC cracks and possible high-density mineralized protrusions (HDMP) from the ACC mineralizing (tidemark) front (MF) into hyaline articular cartilage (HAC). We hypothesized and we show that 20-µm µCT resolution in 10-mm diameter samples is sufficient to detect HDMI and HDMP: these are lost upon tissue decalcification for routine paraffin wax histology owing to their predominant mineral content. The findings show that µCT is sufficient to discover HDMI and HDMP, which were seen in 2/10 controls, 6/9 early OA and 8/10 advanced OA cases. This is the first report of HDMI and HDMP in the equine carpus and in the Standardbred breed and the first to rely solely on µCT. HDMP are a candidate cause for mechanical tissue destruction in OA.

  5. Calcified carotid artery atheromas on panoramic radiographs of head and neck cancer patients before and after radiotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markman, Renata-Lucena; Conceição-Vasconcelos, Karina-Gondim-Moutinho; Brandão, Thais-Bianca; Prado-Ribeiro, Ana-Carolina; Santos-Silva, Alan-Roger

    2017-01-01

    Background The aims of this study were to verify if head and neck radiotherapy (RT) is able to induce calcified carotid artery atheroma (CCAA) in a large head and neck cancer (HNC) population and also to compare the socio-demographic and clinical findings of patients with and without CCAA detected on panoramic radiographs. Material and Methods Panoramic radiographs taken before and after head and neck radiotherapy (RT) of 180 HNC patients were selected and analyzed in order to identify the presence of CCAA. In addition, CCAA presence or absence on panoramic radiographs were compared and correlated with clinicopathological findings. Results A high overall prevalence of CCAA was found on panoramic radiographs (63 out of 180 = 35%) of HNC patients. No significant difference of CCAA before and after RT was observed. There were also no differences between groups (with and without CCAA) regarding age, gender, tobacco and alcohol use, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, acute myocardial infarction, hypercholesterolemia, tumor location, clinical stage of disease and RT dose. However, there was a greater prevalence of strokes in patients with CCAA (p<0.05). Conclusions Although CCAA were frequently found in panoramic radiographs of patients with HNC, RT seems not to alter the prevalence of these calcifications. Key words:Head and neck cancer, radiotherapy, carotid artery diseases, panoramic radiography. PMID:28160583

  6. Robust Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-21

    SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) (ES) ARO U.S. Anny Research Office 11 . SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT...Lawrence, Gregory M. Grason, Todd Emrick, Alfred J. Crosby. Stretching of assembled nanoparticle helical springs, Physical Chemistry Chemical...par with thermally sintered conductive adhesives. C. Examination of stretching of nanoparticle-based springs. This part of the project

  7. Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis for the Enumeration and Characterization of Mineralo-Organic Nanoparticles in Feline Urine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellema, M.; Stoller, M.; Queau, Y.; Ho, S. P.; Chi, T.; Larsen, J. A.; Passlack, N.; Fascetti, A. J.; Mohr, C.; Westropp, J. L.

    2016-01-01

    Urinary stone disease, particularly calcium oxalate, is common in both humans and cats. Calcifying nanoparticles (CNP) are spherical nanocrystallite material, and are composed of proteins (fetuin, albumin) and inorganic minerals. CNP are suggested to play a role in a wide array of pathologic mineralization syndromes including urolithiasis. We documented the development of a clinically relevant protocol to assess urinary CNP in 9 healthy cats consuming the same diet in a controlled environment using Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA®). NTA® is a novel method that allows for characterization of the CNP in an efficient, accurate method that can differentiate these particles from other urinary submicron particulates. The predominant nanoscale particles in feline urine are characteristic of CNP in terms of their size, their ability to spontaneously form under suitable conditions, and the presence of an outer layer that is rich in calcium and capable of binding to hydroxyapatite binders such as alendronate and osteopontin. The expansion of this particle population can be suppressed by the addition of citrate to urine samples. Further, compounds targeting exosomal surfaces do not label these particulates. As CNP have been associated with a number of significant urologic maladies, the method described herein may prove to be a useful adjunct in evaluating lithogenesis risk in mammals. PMID:28005930

  8. Preparation of a partially calcified gelatin membrane as a model for a soft-to-hard tissue interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aviv-Gavriel, Meital; Garti, Nissim; Füredi-Milhofer, Helga

    2013-01-15

    Cartilage and/or bone tissue engineering is a very challenging area in modern medicine. Since cartilage is an avascular tissue with limited capacity for self-repair, using scaffolds provides a promising option for the repair of severe cartilage damage caused by trauma, age-related degeneration, and/or diseases. Our aim in this study was to design a model for a functional biomedical membrane to form the interface between a cartilage-forming scaffold and bone. To realize such a membrane gelatin gels containing calcium or phosphate ions were exposed from one side to a solution of the other constituent ion (i.e., a sodium phosphate solution was allowed to diffuse into a calcium-containing gel and vice versa). The partially calcified gels were analyzed by XRD, ATR-FTIR spectra, E-SEM, and EDX. Thus, we confirmed the existence of a gradient of crystals, with a dense top layer, extending several micrometers into the gel. XRD spectra and Ca/P atomic ratios confirmed the existence of calcium deficient apatites. The effect of different experimental parameters on the calcification process within the gelatin membranes has been elucidated. It was shown that increasing the gelatin concentration from 5 wt % to 10 wt % retards calcification. A similar effect was observed when glycerol, which is frequently used as plasticizer, was added to the system. With increasing calcium concentration within the organic matrix, the quantity and density of calcium phosphate crystals over/within the gel increased. The possible explanations for the above phenomena are discussed.

  9. Combined nanoindentation testing and scanning electron microscopy of bone and articular calcified cartilage in an equine fracture predilection site

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    M Doube

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Condylar fracture of the third metacarpal bone (Mc3 is the commonest cause of racetrack fatality in Thoroughbred horses. Linear defects involving hyaline articular cartilage, articular calcified cartilage (ACC and subchondral bone (SCB have been associated with the fracture initiation site, which lies in the sagittal grooves of the Mc3 condyle. We discovered areas of thickened and abnormally-mineralised ACC in the sagittal grooves of several normal 18-month-old horses, at the same site that linear defects and condylar fracture occur in older Thoroughbreds and questioned whether this tissue had altered mechanical properties. We embedded bone slices in PMMA, prepared flat surfaces normal to the articular surface and studied ACC and SCB using combined quantitative backscattered electron scanning electron microscopy (qBSE and nanoindentation testing: this allowed correlation of mineralisation density and tissue stiffness (E at the micron scale. We studied both normal and affected grooves, and also normal condylar regions. Large arrays of indentations could be visualised as 2-dimensional maps of E with a limit to resolution of indentation spacing, which is much larger than qBSE pixel spacing. ACC was more highly mineralised but less stiff in early linear defects than in control regions, while subchondral bone was more highly mineralised and stiffer in specimens with early linear defects than those without. Thus both ACC and SCB mineralisation may be abnormal in a class of early linear defect in 18-month-old Thoroughbred horses, and this may possibly contribute to later fracture of the Mc3 condyle.

  10. Quantitative analysis of arterial flow properties for detection of non-calcified plaques in ECG-gated coronary CT angiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jun; Zhou, Chuan; Chan, Heang-Ping; Chughtai, Aamer; Agarwal, Prachi; Kuriakose, Jean; Hadjiiski, Lubomir; Patel, Smita; Kazerooni, Ella

    2015-03-01

    We are developing a computer-aided detection system to assist radiologists in detection of non-calcified plaques (NCPs) in coronary CT angiograms (cCTA). In this study, we performed quantitative analysis of arterial flow properties in each vessel branch and extracted flow information to differentiate the presence and absence of stenosis in a vessel segment. Under rest conditions, blood flow in a single vessel branch was assumed to follow Poiseuille's law. For a uniform pressure distribution, two quantitative flow features, the normalized arterial compliance per unit length (Cu) and the normalized volumetric flow (Q) along the vessel centerline, were calculated based on the parabolic Poiseuille solution. The flow features were evaluated for a two-class classification task to differentiate NCP candidates obtained by prescreening as true NCPs and false positives (FPs) in cCTA. For evaluation, a data set of 83 cCTA scans was retrospectively collected from 83 patient files with IRB approval. A total of 118 NCPs were identified by experienced cardiothoracic radiologists. The correlation between the two flow features was 0.32. The discriminatory ability of the flow features evaluated as the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.65 for Cu and 0.63 for Q in comparison with AUCs of 0.56-0.69 from our previous luminal features. With stepwise LDA feature selection, volumetric flow (Q) was selected in addition to three other luminal features. With FROC analysis, the test results indicated a reduction of the FP rates to 3.14, 1.98, and 1.32 FPs/scan at sensitivities of 90%, 80%, and 70%, respectively. The study indicated that quantitative blood flow analysis has the potential to provide useful features for the detection of NCPs in cCTA.

  11. Computerized flow and vessel wall analyses of coronary arteries for detection of non-calcified plaques in coronary CT angiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Jun; Zhou, Chuan; Chan, Heang-Ping; Chughtai, Aamer; Agarwal, Prachi; Hadjiiski, Lubomir; Kazerooni, Ella

    2016-03-01

    The buildup of non-calcified plaques (NCP) that are vulnerable to rupture in coronary arteries is a risk for myocardial infarction. We are developing a computer-aided detection (CADe) system to assist radiologists in detecting NCPs in cCTA. A major challenge of NCP detection is the large number of false positives (FPs) caused by the small sized coronary arteries, image noise and artifacts. In this study, our purpose is to design new image features to reduce FPs. A data set of 98 cCTA scans was retrospectively collected from patient files. We first used vessel wall analysis, in which topological features were extracted from vessel wall and fused with a support-vector machine, to identify the NCP candidates from the segmented coronary tree. Computerized flow dynamic (CFD) features that characterize the change in blood flow due to the presence of plaques and a vascular cross-sectional (VCS) feature that quantifies the presence of low attenuation region at the vessel wall were designed for FP reduction. Using a leave-one-out resampling method, a support vector machine classifier was trained to merge the features into a NCP likelihood score using the vessel wall features alone or in combination with the new CDF and VCS features. The performance of the new features in classification of true NCPs and FPs was evaluated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). Without the new CFD and VCS features, the test AUC was 0.84+/-0.01. The AUC was improved to 0.88+/-0.01 with the addition of the new features. The improvement was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The study indicated that the new flow dynamic and vascular cross-sectional features were useful for differentiation of NCPs from FPs in cCTA.

  12. Biopolymeric nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushmitha Sundar, Joydip Kundu and Subhas C Kundu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This review on nanoparticles highlights the various biopolymers (proteins and polysaccharides which have recently revolutionized the world of biocompatible and degradable natural biological materials. The methods of their fabrication, including emulsification, desolvation, coacervation and electrospray drying are described. The characterization of different parameters for a given nanoparticle, such as particle size, surface charge, morphology, stability, structure, cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, drug loading and drug release, is outlined together with the relevant measurement techniques. Applications in the fields of medicine and biotechnology are discussed along with a promising future scope.

  13. Nanoparticle standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Havrilla, George Joseph [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-12-08

    We will purchase a COTS materials printer and adapt it for solution printing of known elemental concentration solutions. A methodology will be developed to create deposits of known mass in known locations on selected substrates. The deposits will be characterized for deposited mass, physical morphology, thickness and uniformity. Once an acceptable methodology has been developed and validated, we will create round robin samples to be characterized by LGSIMS instruments at LANL, PNNL and NIST. We will demonstrate the feasibility of depositing nanoparticles in known masses with the goal of creating separated nanoparticles in known locations.

  14. A completely calcified prostate

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    Vinod Priyadarshi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Prostatic calcification and prostatic calculus formation is commonly seen in adult population with chronic prostatitis, however, gross prostatic calcification which involves more than 3 cm2 of the gland is quite rare. We are presenting here one such case in which almost whole glandular prostate was converted into stone which is never reported so far.

  15. Anti-Nanobacterial Therapy for Prevention and Control of Periodontal Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafar Kolahi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nanobacteria have been implicated in the formation of pathogenic calcifications e.g. kidney stones, arterial plaque, calcified cardiac valves, dental pulp stone, etc. It has been hypothesized that nanobacteria may be present in dental calculus which has a similar mineralization formation process and that nanobacteria may play an efficient role in the calcification of dental calculus. Recently nanobacteria were found in gingival crevicular fluid samples from two subjects with chronic periodontitis.The hypothesis: An anti-nanobacterial mouthwash or tooth paste containing bisphosphonates specifically etidronate and clodronate (1 mg/ml, gallium nitrate 14% (3.4% w/w gallium at 99.995% purity and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (1% with neutral pH (7.0 will may be effective for prevention of calculus formation and consequently prevention of periodontal diseases. Despite of excellent anti-nanobacterial activity of tetracycline, it is removed from the formulation. It has a wide spectrum of anti-bactericidal activity and may affect normal oral flora and cause supra-infection. Evaluation of the hypothesis: We should consider a balance between negative effect of nanobacteria regarding formation of calculus and periodontal diseases and positive role of nanobacteria in enamel repair and prevention of dental caries and its positive role in enamel repair and prevention of dental caries.

  16. Crescimento de pitaia vermelha com adubação orgânica e granulado bioclástico Growth of red pitaya with organic fertilizer and calcified seaweed

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    Rodrigo Amato Moreira

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se com o trabalho avaliar o crescimento de pitaia vermelha (Hylocereus undatus submetida à adubação orgânica e à aplicação de granulado bioclástico. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos casualizados com oito adubações: testemunha, esterco de curral, cama de frango, granulado bioclástico, esterco de curral + cama de frango, esterco de curral + granulado bioclástico, cama de frango + granulado bioclástico e esterco de curral + cama de frango + granulado bioclástico, aplicados a cada três meses, com três blocos, e a parcela experimental composta por quatro plantas. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas no comprimento e no número de cladódios principais. Houve diferença significativa no número de cladódios laterais retirados e de cladódios emitidos acima do suporte. A adubação com esterco de curral + cama de frango + granulado bioclástico favoreceu o crescimento de plantas de pitaia vermelha.The objective of the study was to evaluate the growth of red pitaya (Hylocereus undatus subjected to organic fertilization and calcified seaweed application. The experimental design was in randomized blocks with eight fertilization: control, cattle manure, chicken manure, calcified seaweed, cattle manure + chicken manure, cattle manure + calcified seaweed, chicken manure + calcified seaweed and cattle manure + chicken manure + calcified seaweed, applied every three months, with three replications and plot consisted of four plants. There were no significant differences in the length and in the number of central cladodes. There were significant differences in the number of side cladodes removed and in cladodes above the support. Fertilization with cattle manure + chicken manure + calcified seaweed favored the growth of red pitaya.

  17. Extracellular vesicles of calcifying turkey leg tendon characterized by immunocytochemistry and high voltage electron microscopic tomography and 3-D graphic image reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landis, W. J.; Hodgens, K. J.; McKee, M. D.; Nanci, A.; Song, M. J.; Kiyonaga, S.; Arena, J.; McEwen, B.

    1992-01-01

    To gain insight into the structure and possible function of extracellular vesicles in certain calcifying vertebrate tissues, normally mineralizing leg tendons from the domestic turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, have been studied in two separate investigations, one concerning the electron microscopic immunolocalization of the 66 kDa phosphoprotein, osteopontin, and the other detailing the organization and distribution of mineral crystals associated with the vesicles as determined by high voltage microscopic tomography and 3-D graphic image reconstruction. Immunolabeling shows that osteopontin is related to extracellular vesicles of the tendon in the sense that its initial presence appears coincident with the development of mineral associated with the vesicle loci. By high voltage electron microscopy and 3-D imaging techniques, mineral crystals are found to consist of small irregularly shaped particles somewhat randomly oriented throughout individual vesicles sites. Their appearance is different from that found for the mineral observed within calcifying tendon collagen, and their 3-D disposition is not regularly ordered. Possible spatial and temporal relationships of vesicles, osteopontin, mineral, and collagen are being examined further by these approaches.

  18. 乳腺钙化在乳腺疾病诊断中的价值%Diagnostic value of the calcified foci in mammography for breast diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫任光; 苏佳娜; 郭晓婷

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨乳腺钥靶X线中钙化的影像特点在乳腺疾病中的临床意义.方法 对我院100例手术及病理证实有钙化的乳腺疾病进行分析.结果 100例乳腺钙化中,良性病变39例,乳腺癌61例.结论 乳腺钙化是乳腺疾病重要X线征象,特别是钙化形态在乳腺癌诊断中具有重要意义.%Objective To study the diagnostic value of the calcified foci in mammography for the benign and malignant breast disease.Methods In 100 female individuals,calcifications had been found in mammography and confirmed by surgery or biopsy.The characteristics of the morphology and distribution were analyzed retrospectively.Results 61 out of 100 cases with calcified foci were breast cancers,occupying 61.0%,while the left 39 cases were benign.Conclusion Calcifications in mammography are very valuable,especially the shape of the calcifications plays an important role in differential diagnosis for benign and malignant breast diseases.

  19. Effectiveness of oral litholysis therapy for improving glucose intolerance and malnutrition in patients with poor results following endoscopic therapy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for calcified pancreatic stones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashizawa, Nobuo; Hamano, Koichi; Noda, Aiji

    2015-10-01

    We report a case of pancreatolithiasis in which glucose intolerance and malnutrition were significantly improved after starting oral litholysis therapy (OLT) with use of trimethadione. A 43-year-old female with multiple calcified stones in the main and peripheral pancreatic ducts had experienced recurrent and severe attacks of pain for 7 years (from 21 to28 years of age). Impaired glucose tolerance was first noted at the age of 32 years. We started OLT after interventional endoscopic therapy combined with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy failed because of kink and stenosis of the main pancreatic duct (MPD). Over the next 9 years, a significant decrease in total pancreatic calcified stone volume was shown by computer analysis of follow-up computed tomography images. Larger stones completely disappeared without attacks of pain. In addition, both glucose intolerance and insulin secretion were significantly ameliorated, followed by improvement of malnutrition. OLT may induce intraductal decompression by dissolving stones in the peripheral ducts as well as the MPD, with resulting preservation of endocrine function and improvement of malnutrition. Since the present results were obtained in a single case, further clinical trials are necessary to evaluate the value of performing OLT under various conditions to eliminate stones.

  20. Chronic calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder-therapy by percutaneous needle aspiration and lavage: a prospective open study of 62 shoulders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfister, J; Gerber, H

    1997-05-01

    In an open study the therapeutic value of percutaneous needle aspiration and lavage performed in local anaesthesia under image intensifier control in patients with chronic calcifying shoulder tendinitis was investigated. 60 patients (62 shoulders) were included in the study. The average age was 48 years, and the median duration of shoulder pain and calcification was 24 months and 7 months respectively. The right shoulder was affected in 34 and the left in 24 patients; two patients had painful calcifications in both shoulders. In 47% X-ray showed calcium deposits in the contralateral shoulder. 77% of the painful deposits projected on the supraspinatus tendon and in most cases image intensifier examination showed multiple calcifications. Calcareous material could be removed by needle aspiration and lavage in 76% of all cases. There was no correlation regarding the preferred working hand and the side of calcifying tendinitis. X-ray controls performed after 2 months revealed a significant reduction of the size of calcifications. The clinical follow-up 2 and 6 months after needling showed a significant reduction of global pain intensity. There were also significant improvements in the areas of pain on movement, pain at night and impairment of sleep. Clinical success was independent of the radiological aspect of the calcifications.

  1. Extraosseous calcifying odontogenic cyst: a case report and a literature review Cisto odontogênico calcificante: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Cazal

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst is an uncommon odontogenic lesion that can have intra- or extraosseous occurrence with both cystic or tumor behavior. A report of an extraosseous calcifying odontogenic cyst (ECOC in a 57-year-old black woman is presented as well as a review of the literature about the lesion. The clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features are discussed, along with etiology and treatment.O cisto odontogênico calcificante é uma lesão odontogênica incomum que pode ser intra ou extra-óssea, tanto com um comportamento cístico quanto com um comportamento neoplásico. Neste trabalho está sendo apresentado o relato de um caso de cisto odontogênico calcificante em uma mulher da raça negra, com 57 anos de idade, bem como uma revisão da literatura sobre a lesão. Os achados clínicos, radiográficos e histopatológicos são discutidos, assim como sua etiologia e o seu tratamento.

  2. Surgical approach to calcified epithelioma in infant%婴幼儿颌面部钙化上皮瘤28例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王川宁; 赵志国; 兴海涛; 张力平

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨婴幼儿钙化上皮瘤的临床诊断及手术方法.方法 在肿物周边沿皮纹方向作梭形切口,切除与囊壁粘连的皮肤,将肿物全部切除,并以生理盐水反复冲洗.结果 本组患儿共28例,随访3~12个月,未见复发,切口瘢痕不明显,效果满意.结论手术切除是治疗婴幼儿钙化上皮瘤的有效方法.%Objective To explore the clinical diagnosis and surgical method of resection of calcified epithelioma in infant. Methods A fusiform incision along the giotre was designed in conformance with dermatoglyph. Through the incision , the giotre and its adhesive skin tissue was resected integrally. Then the wound was swelled with physiological saline repeatedly. Results Totally 28 infants were studied in this group. After 3 to 12 months follow-up, satisfactory results were received without recurrence or obvious scar in any case. Conclusion It is an effective method of surgical resection for the treatment of calcified epithelioma in infant.

  3. Enhanced characterization of calcified areas in intravascular ultrasound virtual histology images by quantification of the acoustic shadow: validation against computed tomography coronary angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broersen, Alexander; de Graaf, Michiel A; Eggermont, Jeroen; Wolterbeek, Ron; Kitslaar, Pieter H; Dijkstra, Jouke; Bax, Jeroen J; Reiber, Johan H C; Scholte, Arthur J

    2016-04-01

    We enhance intravascular ultrasound virtual histology (VH) tissue characterization by fully automatic quantification of the acoustic shadow behind calcified plaque. VH is unable to characterize atherosclerosis located behind calcifications. In this study, the quantified acoustic shadows are considered calcified to approximate the real dense calcium (DC) plaque volume. In total, 57 patients with 108 coronary lesions were included. A novel post-processing step is applied on the VH images to quantify the acoustic shadow and enhance the VH results. The VH and enhanced VH results are compared to quantitative computed tomography angiography (QTA) plaque characterization as reference standard. The correlation of the plaque types between enhanced VH and QTA differs significantly from the correlation with unenhanced VH. For DC, the correlation improved from 0.733 to 0.818. Instead of an underestimation of DC in VH with a bias of 8.5 mm(3), there was a smaller overestimation of 1.1 mm(3) in the enhanced VH. Although tissue characterization within the acoustic shadow in VH is difficult, the novel algorithm improved the DC tissue characterization. This algorithm contributes to accurate assessment of calcium on VH and could be applied in clinical studies.

  4. Arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the supraspinatus%肩关节镜手术治疗钙化性冈上肌肌腱炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴雪松; 蔡友治

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨钙化性冈上肌肌腱炎的病理特点和肩关节镜手术的疗效.方法 2009年3月至2010年10月采用关节镜下手术治疗钙化性冈上肌肌腱炎34例.根据法国关节镜协会分类方法将钙化灶分成三组:小(<10mm)、中(10~20mm)和大(>20mm).所有病例均行关节镜下钙化灶清除术和肩峰下滑囊切除术,同时行肩峰成形术(8例),肩袖修补术(10例).所有研究病例均在术前及术后随访时采用Constant评分、疼痛视觉模拟评分(visual analog scale,VAS)评估其疗效,手术前后均摄肩关节X线片和MR检查,其中9例行组织学和透射电镜检查.结果 34例患者获得平均11.5个月的随访.术前1个月、术前2天和末次随访时Constant评分分别为(36.1±6.9)分、(55.6±12.4)分和(89.7±2.7)分,VAS评分分别为(8.2±0.8)分、(7.03±0.7)分和(1.7±0.3)分,治疗前后评分的差异均有统计学意义,而三组间(小、中和大钙化灶)疗效的差异无统计学意义.患者在术后随访期间均未复发.病理检查发现钙化灶周围组织未见胶原纤维退变,周围可见新生胶原,细胞未见坏死溶解.结论 正确认识钙化性肌腱炎的临床特点并准确把握手术时机是取得良好疗效的关键.肩关节镜手术是治疗钙化性肌腱炎安全、有效且微创的方法.对不同大小的钙化灶,术后均可取得满意的效果.%Objective To investigate the pathological features and clinical outcomes of the arthroscopic treatment for calcifying tendinitis of the supraspinatus. Methods From March 2009 to October 2010,34 patients with calcifying tendinitis of the supraspinatus were treated with shoulder arthroscopy. Based on size of calcifying deposits, they were divided into three groups: small (<10 mm), middle (≥ 10 mm, ≤20mm), and large (>20 mm). All patients underwent arthroscopic calcium excision and subacromial decompression, and acromioplasty of shoulder was performed in 8 cases, rotator cuff

  5. 41例钙化上皮瘤细胞病理学特征%Cytomorphology properties for calcifying epitheliomas:Analysis in 41 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海燕; 陈颖

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the cytomrophological features of calcifying epithelioma for improving the cytopathologist′s perspective on identifica-tion of this tumor.Methods: Forty-one specimens obtained via fine needle aspiration in patients with calcifying epitheliomas were reviewed concerning the background of smears and cytomorphological nature,and compared with the histopathological findings in another 13 cases/controls.Results:63% of the calcifying epithelioma occurred in patients under 30 years of age and most in males.The pathological lesion was more frequent at head and neck,and the tumor was solitary and commonly sized between 0.3 and 2.3 cm in diameter.The cytological smears presented with basaloid cells in 95%(39/41) of the cases,and the cells were arranged in cluster,nest or dispersal fashion,with unclearly defined boundary,less cytoplasm,round to oval nuclei and fine chro-matin,and one central nucleolus was frequently seen.Shadow cells arranged nest and dispersal pattern with pale cytoplasm were seen in 76%(31/41) of the tumor cases and 34%(14/41) revealed squamous cells.Naked nuclei,multinucleate giant cells,anucleated squames,calcification,inflammatory cells and debris were commonly identified against the background of smear .Conclusion: Calcifying epithelioma is characterized by typical cytopathological property,and wealthy experience and careful clinical examination may contribute to conclusive diagnosis of this entity .%目的:总结钙化上皮瘤的细针针吸检查细胞学特征,提高细胞病理医师对其认识。方法:回顾性分析41例钙化上皮瘤患者的针吸标本,从涂片背景、肿瘤细胞形态特征等方面总结,并与相应组织病理学结果(13例)进行对照。结果:63%的病例发病年龄在30岁以下,男性占优势,好发于头颈部,肿块直径0.3~2.3 cm,均为单发。穿刺涂片显示95%(39/41)可见基底样细胞,常成片、成巢或散在排列,细胞边

  6. Calcified Pulmonary Nodules Identified in a 350-Year-Old-Joseon Mummy: the First Report on Ancient Pulmonary Tuberculosis from Archaeologically Obtained Pre-modern Korean Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    We found calcified pulmonary nodules in a middle-aged female mummy discovered from 350-yr-old Joseon tomb of Korea. In the CT scan, we found six radiopaque nodules in right lung, through the levels of thoracic vertebrae 1 to 6. We also found presumptive pleural adhesions in right thoracic cavity of CT images. We re-confirmed radiological findings by our post-factum dissection on the same mummy. By the differential diagnosis, we speculate that the radiopaque calcification nodules and associated pleural adhesion could have been caused by tuberculosis. This is the first-ever report on the pulmonary tuberculosis identified in archaeologically obtained, pre-modern Korean samples. PMID:26770051

  7. A Rare Case of Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect with a Right Sided Aortic Arch and a Calcified Pulmonary AVM Presenting in an Adult without Cyanosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devendra V. Kulkarni

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD with pulmonary arterial supply arising from the aorta representing large MAPCAs associated with a right sided aortic arch is an uncommon anomaly. Most of the patients succumb to severe respiratory compromise or congestive cardiac failure very early. We report the clinical details and imaging findings of a case of PA-VSD with a right sided aortic arch and a calcified pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (AVM in a 21-year-old postpartum female with no previous episodes of cyanosis who was diagnosed as having a cardiac anomaly on echocardiography when she presented with breathlessness during the 8th month of the pregnancy.

  8. Tendinopatia calcárea: uma afecção local ou sistêmica? Calcifying tendinopathy: a local or a systemic condition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benno Ejnisman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a relação existente entre os casos de tendinopatia calcárea de ombro e doenças metabólicas sintomáticas como litíase renal, biliar e gota. MÉTODO: A tendinopatia calcárea de ombro foi diagnosticada em 63 pacientes no período compreendido entre maio de 2007 e setembro de 2011. Todos os pacientes foram tratados pelo mesmo médico ortopedista e entrevistados para coleta dos seguintes dados: idade ao diagnóstico, sexo, lado acometido, lado dominante, índice de massa corpórea (IMC, tabagismo e história pregressa de litíase renal, biliar ou gota. Para análise estatística, um grupo controle de 63 pacientes com características demográficas semelhantes foi utilizado. RESULTADOS: Dos 63 pacientes que apresentavam tendinopatia calcárea do ombro, 35 (56% eram do sexo masculino. O lado direito foi afetado em 38 (60% pacientes, a média de idade foi de 48,2 anos. Trinta e um (49% pacientes apresentaram história prévia de alguma das doenças metabólicas questionadas, sendo que 20 pacientes (32% relataram litíase renal, seis (9,5% litíase biliar, quatro (6,3% gota e um (2% apresentava diagnóstico concomitante de litíase renal e gota. No grupo controle, observamos que 11 (17% pacientes apresentaram história prévia de alguma das doenças metabólicas, sendo que seis pacientes (9,5% relataram litíase renal, quatro (6,3% litíase biliar e um (1,6%, gota. CONCLUSÕES: A elevada frequência de litíase renal em pacientes diagnosticados com tendinopatia calcárea do ombro no presente estudo sugere que existam mecanismos em comum na fisiopatologia desses distúrbios. O melhor entendimento destas doenças pode possibilitar a melhoria dos seus diagnósticos e tratamentos.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between cases of calcifying tendinopathy of the shoulder and symptomatic metabolic diseases such as kidney stones, gallstones and gout. METHODS: Calcifying tendinopathy of the shoulder was diagnosed in 63 patients

  9. Co-occurrence of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst, Aggressive Central Giant Cell Granuloma and Central Odontogenic Fibroma: Report of a Very Rare Entity and Its Surgical Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Touraj Vaezi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC, Central odontogenic fibroma (COF and aggressive central giant cell granuloma (CGCG are rare pathologic diseases affecting the jaws. While the Co-existence of two of them is reported in the literature, existence of all three conditions in one patient is an extremely rare entity. In the present report, initial biopsy revealed fibrosarcoma, therefore mandibular resection was performed for the subject. Sectional Histopathologic evaluation revealed the co-existence of three conditions through histopathologic evaluation. This report emphasizes the importance of precise microscopical evaluation of jaw lesions and thorough sectional examination of the lesions to reach the precise diagnosis. Treatment modalities and follow-up radiographs are also provided to help clinicians manage these entities.

  10. The physiological response of two green calcifying algae from the Great Barrier Reef towards high dissolved inorganic and organic carbon (DIC and DOC) availability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Friedrich Wilhelm; Vogel, Nikolas; Teichberg, Mirta; Uthicke, Sven; Wild, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Increasing dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations associated with ocean acidification can affect marine calcifiers, but local factors, such as high dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations through sewage and algal blooms, may interact with this global factor. For calcifying green algae of the genus Halimeda, a key tropical carbonate producer that often occurs in coral reefs, no studies on these interactions have been reported. These data are however urgently needed to understand future carbonate production. Thus, we investigated the independent and combined effects of DIC (pCO2 402 μatm/ pHtot 8.0 and 996 μatm/ pHtot 7.7) and DOC (added as glucose in 0 and 294 μmol L-1) on growth, calcification and photosynthesis of H. macroloba and H. opuntia from the Great Barrier Reef in an incubation experiment over 16 days. High DIC concentrations significantly reduced dark calcification of H. opuntia by 130 % and led to net dissolution, but did not affect H. macroloba. High DOC concentrations significantly reduced daily oxygen production of H. opuntia and H. macroloba by 78 % and 43 %, respectively, and significantly reduced dark calcification of H. opuntia by 70%. Combined high DIC and DOC did not show any interactive effects for both algae, but revealed additive effects for H. opuntia where the combination of both factors reduced dark calcification by 162 % compared to controls. Such species-specific differences in treatment responses indicate H. opuntia is more susceptible to a combination of high DIC and DOC than H. macroloba. From an ecological perspective, results further suggest a reduction of primary production for Halimeda-dominated benthic reef communities under high DOC concentrations and additional decreases of carbonate accretion under elevated DIC concentrations, where H. opuntia dominates the benthic community. This may reduce biogenic carbonate sedimentation rates and hence the buffering capacity against further ocean acidification.

  11. Clinicopathological features of six cases of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma%钙化性腱膜纤维瘤6例临床病理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢乐; 毛荣军; 王娟; 付记乐; 韩福兰

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the clinicopathologic features of calcifying aponeurotic fibroma (CAF). Methods The clinical and pathologic profiles of 6 cases of CAF were retrospectively analyzed. Results CAF appeared a firm, painless and slowly growing mass with a predilection for the distal portions of the extremities in young children and adolescents. Microscopically, the tumor consis-ted mainly of benign appearing spindle cells, chondroid cells and calcific debris. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, HHF-35, S-100, Calponin and CD68. Conclusion CAF is a rare, locally aggressive fibroblastic lesion. It can make an accurate diagnosis by integrating the clinical location with histopathological features. Repeated minor trauma to the extremities and some embryologic cell nests maybe its pathogenesis.%目的:探讨钙化性腱膜纤维瘤( calcifying aponeurotic fibroma, CAF)的临床病理学特征。方法回顾性分析6例CAF的临床资料、病理学形态及免疫表型并复习相关文献。结果 CAF好发于青少年的手掌与足底,常为缓慢生长的孤立性无痛结节。镜下可见增生的纤维母细胞、散在分布的钙化小灶及软骨小岛。免疫表型:瘤细胞表达vimentin、HHF-35、Calponin、S-100和CD68等。结论 CAF是一种罕见的具有局部侵袭性的软组织肿瘤,结合临床特点、特征性组织学形态可确诊。反复微小创伤及间充质细胞分化可能与CAF的发生相关。

  12. Long-term safety and performance of the orbital atherectomy system for treating calcified coronary artery lesions: 5-Year follow-up in the ORBIT I trial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhatt, Parloop; Parikh, Parth [Care Institute of Medical Sciences (CIMS), Ahmedabad 380060, Gujarat (India); Patel, Apurva [Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH (United States); Chag, Milan; Chandarana, Anish [Care Institute of Medical Sciences (CIMS), Ahmedabad 380060, Gujarat (India); Parikh, Roosha [Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH (United States); Parikh, Keyur, E-mail: keyur.parikh@cims.me [Care Institute of Medical Sciences (CIMS), Ahmedabad 380060, Gujarat (India)

    2015-06-15

    Background/Purpose: The ORBIT I trial, a first-in-man study, was conducted to evaluate the safety and performance of the orbital atherectomy system (OAS) in treating de novo calcified coronary lesions. Methods/Materials: Fifty patients were enrolled between May and July 2008 based on several criteria, and were treated with the OAS followed by stent placement. The safety and performance of the OAS were evaluated by procedural success, device success, and overall major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) rates, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and need for target lesion revascularization (TLR). Our institution enrolled and treated 33 of the 50 patients and continued follow-up for 5 years. Results: Average age was 54 years and 91% were males. Mean lesion length was 15.9 mm. Device success was 100%, and average number of orbital atherectomy devices (OAD) used per patient was 1.3. Stents were placed directly after OAS in 31/32 patients (96.9%). All stents (average stent per lesion 1.1) were successfully deployed with 0.3% residual stenosis. The overall cumulative MACE rate was 6.1% in-hospital, 9.1% at 30 days, 12.1% at 6 months, 15.2% at 2 years, 18.2% at 3 years and 21.2% at 5 years (4 total cardiac deaths). None of the patients had Q-wave MIs. Angiographic complications were observed in 5 patients. No flow/slow flow due to distal embolization was observed. Conclusions: The ORBIT I trial suggests that OAS treatment continues to offer a safe and effective method to change compliance of calcified coronary lesions to facilitate optimal stent placement in these difficult-to-treat patients.

  13. The physiological response of two green calcifying algae from the Great Barrier Reef towards high dissolved inorganic and organic carbon (DIC and DOC availability.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedrich Wilhelm Meyer

    Full Text Available Increasing dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC concentrations associated with ocean acidification can affect marine calcifiers, but local factors, such as high dissolved organic carbon (DOC concentrations through sewage and algal blooms, may interact with this global factor. For calcifying green algae of the genus Halimeda, a key tropical carbonate producer that often occurs in coral reefs, no studies on these interactions have been reported. These data are however urgently needed to understand future carbonate production. Thus, we investigated the independent and combined effects of DIC (pCO2 402 μatm/ pHtot 8.0 and 996 μatm/ pHtot 7.7 and DOC (added as glucose in 0 and 294 μmol L-1 on growth, calcification and photosynthesis of H. macroloba and H. opuntia from the Great Barrier Reef in an incubation experiment over 16 days. High DIC concentrations significantly reduced dark calcification of H. opuntia by 130 % and led to net dissolution, but did not affect H. macroloba. High DOC concentrations significantly reduced daily oxygen production of H. opuntia and H. macroloba by 78 % and 43 %, respectively, and significantly reduced dark calcification of H. opuntia by 70%. Combined high DIC and DOC did not show any interactive effects for both algae, but revealed additive effects for H. opuntia where the combination of both factors reduced dark calcification by 162 % compared to controls. Such species-specific differences in treatment responses indicate H. opuntia is more susceptible to a combination of high DIC and DOC than H. macroloba. From an ecological perspective, results further suggest a reduction of primary production for Halimeda-dominated benthic reef communities under high DOC concentrations and additional decreases of carbonate accretion under elevated DIC concentrations, where H. opuntia dominates the benthic community. This may reduce biogenic carbonate sedimentation rates and hence the buffering capacity against further ocean

  14. Iatrogenic aortic root and left main dissection during non-emergency coronary surgery: a solution applicable to heavily calcified coronary arteries†.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kieser, Teresa M; Spence, Frank P; Kowalewski, Richard

    2016-02-01

    Dissection of the left main coronary artery during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a rare, potentially lethal complication, usually diagnosed at post-mortem. During the cross-clamp period of a 4-vessel coronary artery bypass graft procedure in a 74-year old hypertensive woman, retrograde dissection occurred in a diffusely diseased marginal artery when perfused with cardioplegic solution at a pressure of 140-150 mmHg through a vein graft. The dissection extended back to the left main artery, included the posterior proximal ascending aorta and then down the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) confirmed the left main dissection and showed anterior-septal-lateral akinesis in a previously normally functioning left ventricle (LV). The circumferentially calcified proximal LAD was grafted with a saphenous vein by carving an oval area of calcium creating an elliptical opening in the artery wall. Normal LV function returned and, in the area of the left main dissection, there was only thickening with no colour flow. Eight months postoperatively cardiac catheterization showed normal LV function, patent vein grafts to the right coronary artery and proximal LAD, left internal mammary artery to distal LAD and an occluded sequential marginal vein graft. Twelve years postoperatively, the patient is well with Class I angina, on medication. There is no previous documentation of a diagnosed and successfully treated left main dissection during CABG surgery. Since this case using the technique of creating an oval opening in a circumferentially calcified coronary artery (with an otherwise satisfactory lumen), the author has been using this technique to bypass otherwise non-bypassable arteries; this technique may be useful to help patients with severe calcific coronary artery disease.

  15. 含有天然钙化软骨层骨软骨支架的研制%Fabrication of osteochondral scaffolds containing calcified cartilage zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘清宇; 王富友; 刘俊利; 孙欣慰; 杨柳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To establish osteochondral scaffolds with remained calcified cartilage zone for finding an ideal scaffold for tissue engineered repair of osteochondral defect.Methods Cartilage zone was harvested from fresh adult porcine knee to fabricate type Ⅱ collagen hydrogel.Bone blocks measuring 8 mm in diameter with calcified cartilage zone were prepared by trephine and acellular treatment was performed.Histological staining was used to identify complete removal of cells.To fabricate the osteochondral models containing calcified cartilage zone,type Ⅱ collagen was seeded onto the acellular bone blocks with calcified cartilage zone,lyophilized,and cross-linked with 10 g/L of genipin ethanol solution.Then cell seeding and scanning electron microscope were performed after the models were established.Results HE staining,toluidine blue staining,solid green staining,safranin O staining,and DAPI staining showed cells were completely removed from bone blocks by decellularized process.Porosity of type Ⅱ collagen sponge was (91.1 ±3.8) % and pore size was (79.7 ± 17.1) μm.Porosity of acellular bone blocks was (73.5 ±2.6)% and pore size was (470.2 ± 158.8) μm.Cells seeded onto osteochondral scaffolds grew well by scanning electron microscope.Conclusion Osteochondral scaffolds with calcified cartilage zone provide good biocompatibility and suitable pore size and porosity and may be an ideal material for repairing osteochondral defect in tissue engineering.%目的 构建含有天然钙化层结构的骨软骨支架,为组织工程修复骨软骨缺损提供一种理想的支架材料. 方法 选择新鲜成年猪膝关节为制备原料,切取软骨层用以制备Ⅱ型胶原水凝胶;环钻钻取直径8 mm包含天然钙化层结构的骨柱,进行脱细胞处理,组织学切片染色观察脱细胞情况;将Ⅱ型胶原水凝胶接种于含天然钙化层结构脱细胞骨柱上,冻干,10/L京尼平乙醇溶液交联,即得含天然钙化层结构的骨软骨

  16. Treatment of calcifying tendonitis of shoulder with arthroscopy and comparison of efficacy%肩关节钙化性肌腱炎的关节镜治疗及急慢性期疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建海; 张一翀; 张殿英; 付中国; 杨明; 党育; 姜保国

    2015-01-01

    Background Calcifying tendonitis of rotator cuff is a common disease that causes pain .It frequently occurs in people at 30‐50s ,especially in women .The acute calcifying tendonitis is characterized by persistent severe pain of shoulder joint of unknow n reason .In case of severe symptoms ,emergency treatment is needed .Most patients with acute phase diseases have good efficacy for conservative treatment .However ,patients who do not respond to conservative treatment or with symptoms unrelieved that severely influence work and life ,surgery that removes the calcifying lesion under the arthroscopy is recognized as the effective treatment .Recently ,with the development of arthroscopy ,removal of calcium compounds under the arthroscopy has become a common surgery and leads to good efficacy .This study was performed to assess the efficacy of removal of calcified lesion under arthroscopy for calcifying tendonitis of rotator cuff in patients with acute and chronic phases of diseases ,and to determine the difference in shoulder joint function between acute and chronic phases after surgery .Methods General data:Cases with calcifying tendonitis who received treatment from September 2009 to June 2014 were included in this study .The inclusion criteria included :(1) who had history of severe shoulder joint pain;(2) who did not respond to conservative therapy ;(3) who received arthroscopy .The exclusion criteria included :(1) who had complicated injury of rotator cuff ;(2) who received open surgery .28 cases who met inclusion criteria were enrolled .The patients were assigned to the acute group and the chronic group by the time from the acute onset to removal of calcified lesion under arthroscopy .The acute group received removal of calcified lesion within 3 months after the onset of shoulder pain .The chronic group received removal of calcified lesion 3 months after the onset of shoulder pain that limited range of motion .28 cases had different degrees of pain and limited

  17. Isolation and Culture of Nano-bacteria in Human Saliva and Dental Calculus%人类唾液和牙结石中纳米细菌的分离培养及形态观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩耀伦; 陈红莉; 李庆福

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between bacterial and periodontitis in human dental calculus. Methods 23 patients with periodontitis were isolated and cultured. The morphology of the nanoparticles was observed by scanning electron microscope. Results The presence of nano bacteria was observed in the samples of saliva and stone. Conclusion The correlation between the saliva and dental calculus in patients with periodontitis is a further study.%目的:从人类牙结石中分离培养纳米细菌,初步探讨纳米细菌和牙周炎之间的关系。方法取23例牙周炎患者的唾液和牙结石,分离并培养纳米细菌,扫描电镜观察形态。结果从唾液和结石样本中均观察到了纳米细菌的存在。结论从牙周炎患者的唾液和牙结石中检出纳米细菌,其与牙周炎的相关性有待进一步探讨。

  18. Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaque, D; Martínez Maestro, L; del Rosal, B; Haro-Gonzalez, P; Benayas, A; Plaza, J L; Martín Rodríguez, E; García Solé, J

    2014-08-21

    The current status of the use of nanoparticles for photothermal treatments is reviewed in detail. The different families of heating nanoparticles are described paying special attention to the physical mechanisms at the root of the light-to-heat conversion processes. The heating efficiencies and spectral working ranges are listed and compared. The most important results obtained in both in vivo and in vitro nanoparticle assisted photothermal treatments are summarized. The advantages and disadvantages of the different heating nanoparticles are discussed.

  19. Tratamento artroscópico da tendinite calcária do manguito rotador Arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Amado Ferreira Neto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos e radiográficos do tratamento cirúrgico por via artroscópica em pacientes com tendinite calcária do manguito rotador. MÉTODO: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo com análise de 20 pacientes que foram submetidos ao tratamento artroscópico da tendinite calcária do ombro, de março de 1999 a novembro de 2005. Seis pacientes foram excluídos devido à perda do seguimento. Com seguimento médio de 41,4 meses, oito pacientes (57% eram do sexo feminino e seis (43% do masculino; sendo o lado direito acometido em 10 (71% e o esquerdo em quatro (29%. Nove casos (64% apresentavam calcificação no tendão supraespinal, dois (14% no infraespinal e três (21% envolvendo os dois tendões. RESULTADOS: Em todos os casos, realizou-se a ressecção dos depósitos de cálcio através da perfuração com agulha (Jelco® nº 14 e curetagem (minicureta. Dois ombros (14% foram submetidos à descompressão subacromial; um, (7% à exérese distal da clavícula; e, em três, (21% houve a necessidade de se fazer sutura tendão-tendão. Nenhum paciente foi submetido à reinserção tendão-osso. Pela escala da UCLA, a média da pontuação foi de 33 pontos (26-35, indicando que a maioria teve resultados bons. Na avaliação final radiográfica, nenhum paciente apresentava sinais de calcificações. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento artroscópico da tendinite calcária do ombro permite a exérese da calcificação com segurança, obtendo-se resultados bons com relação à dor e à função do ombro.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of arthroscopic treatment of the rotator cuff in patients with Calcifying Tendinitis. METHOD: A retrospective study of twenty patients submitted to arthroscopic treatment for rotator cuff Calcifying Tendinitis from March 1999 to November 2005. Six patients were excluded due to loss of follow-up. The average follow-up period was 41.4 months. Eight patients (57% were female and

  20. Shape tunable plasmonic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El-Sayed, Mostafa A.; El-Sayed, Ivan Homer

    2017-03-07

    Noble metal nanoparticles and methods of their use are provided. Certain aspects provided solid noble metal nanoparticles tuned to the near infrared. The disclosed nanoparticles can be used in molecular imaging, diagnosis, and treatment. Methods for imaging cells are also provided.

  1. O3 Nanoparticles

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Juan

    2016-11-16

    Ti2O3 nanoparticles with high performance of photothermal conversion are demonstrated for the first time. Benefiting from the nanosize and narrow-bandgap features, the Ti2O3 nanoparticles possess strong light absorption and nearly 100% internal solar–thermal conversion efficiency. Furthermore, Ti2O3 nanoparticle-based thin film shows potential use in seawater desalination and purification.

  2. Experimental studies on the relationship between nanobacteria translocation and SIRS of rats which suffering critical infection of abdominal cavity%严重腹腔感染时血、粪纳米细菌的检测及其与SIRS关系的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄美泰; 伍颖君; 郑永波; 钟俊新; 段雪飞; 李晶晶; 吴承堂

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between nanobacteria(NB) translocation from blood and stool and SIRS of rats suffering critical infection of abdominal cavity. Methods Forty SD rats were involved in the study. The models of critical abdominal cavity infection were made by cecal ligation plus puncture (CLP). The test samples of blood and stool were obtained before and two days after infected, respectively. The samples were cultured with NB culture medium and identified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The morphological change of the pathologic lesion in the ileum tissue of the rats were observed. Results Two days after infected, it showed epithelia abscission and tight junction loosening in some area of intestinal mucosa of the rats. Compared with preoperative, the average rectal temperature (℃) of the experimental group rats was higher significantly (39.98±0.43 vs 38.37±0.34,t=18.538,P<0.01), and the average numer of leukocyte (×109/L) was higher significantly(21.13±3.27 vs 10.43±2.23, t= 15.909, P<0.01) at postoperative 2 d. The positive rates of NB were 17.5%and 42.5%(χ2=5.952, P=0.015) in the blood samples before and after CLP 2 d respectively by TEM, and that were 90.0%and 92.5%(χ2=0.156, P=0.692) in the stool. Conclusion The positive rates of NB increases in the blood samples, which may be associated with SIRS induced by critical abdominal cavity infection.%目的探讨严重腹腔感染时血、粪中纳米细菌(nanobacteria, NB)的检测情况及其与全身炎症反应综合征(SIRS)的关系。方法40只SD大鼠采用盲肠结扎加穿孔手术(CLP)制作严重腹腔感染模型,分别于术前、术后2 d取血、粪标本进行NB培养,电镜下观察NB并加以鉴定。另取回肠组织作病理观察。结果造模后的大鼠符合SIRS标准,病理观察肠黏膜层部分区域有黏膜上皮脱落,肠上皮细胞间紧密连接出现异常,结构松弛。与CLP手术前比较,术后2 d

  3. Fotodesbridamento de válvulas aórticas calcificadas com laser de CO2 Photodebridement of calcified aortic valve, with CO2. laser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter José Gomes

    1987-08-01

    Full Text Available Os autores estudam 6 válvulas aórticas calcificadas retiradas de pacientes operados de troca valvar aórtica, submetidos a fotodesbridamento com raios laser de CO2. Os estudos radiográficos, fotográficos, histopatológicos e pesagens realizadas revelam ter sido o fotodesbridamento extenso, resultado em válvulas restauradas morfológica e funcionalmente. Mostram as vantagens do método quando comparado às substituições da valva por prótese e prevêem aplicação clínica para este método.The authors present 6 cases of calcified aortic valves, removed from patients during aortic valve replacement, which underwent photodebridement with CO2 laser. Radiographic, photografic weight and histopathological studies have shown extensive debridement, and the valves showing improved morphology and function. The advantages of the procedure made concerning valve replacement and clinical application is foreseen for the method.

  4. Improved specificity of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT for lymph node staging of non-small cell lung cancer considering calcified lymph node as benign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Seong Young; Seo, Young Soon; Min, Jung Joon; Song, Ho Chun; Na, Kook Joo; Choi, Chan; Kim, Young Chul; Kim, Yun Hyun; Bom, Hee Seung [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-02-15

    We evaluated the diagnostic value of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT (PET/CT) in lymph node staging of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) considering calcification and histologic types as well as FDG uptake. Fifty-three patients (38 men, 15 women; mean age, 62 years) with NSCLC underwent surgical resection (tumor resection and lymph node dissection) after PET/CT. After surgery, we compared PET/CT results with the biopsy results, and analyzed lymph node metastases, based on histologic types. PET diagnosis of lymph node metastasis was determined by maximum SUV (maxSUV) > 3.0, and PET/CT diagnosis was determined by maxSUV > 3.0 without lymph node calcification. By PET diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of overall lymph node staging were 45% (13 of 29), 91% (228 of 252), and 86% (241 of 281). Specificity was 91% in both squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, while sensitivity was 71% in squamous cell carcinoma and 36% in adenocarcinoma. When we excluded calcified lymph node with maxSUV > 3.0 from metastasis by PET/CT diagnosis, specificity improved to 98% in squamous cell carcinoma and 97% in adenocarcinoma. The degree of improvement was not dependent on histologic types. PET/CT improved specificity of lymph node staging by reducing false positive lymph node regardless of histologic types of NSCLC.

  5. Microspatial variability in community structure and photophysiology of calcified macroalgal microbiomes revealed by coupling of hyperspectral and high-resolution fluorescence imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, R G; Williamson, C J; Brodie, J; Barillé, L; Launeau, P; Lavaud, J; Yallop, M L; Jesus, B

    2016-02-29

    Calcifying coralline macroalgae provide biogenic habitats colonised by epiphytic microalgae that contribute significantly to community productivity. Georeferenced hyperspectral and high-resolution fluorescence imaging were coupled to microspatially mapped community composition and relative biomass of macroalgal host and epiphyte microalgal groups, and their weighted contributions to productivity within host fronds of Corallina officinalis on upper and lower zones of a rocky shore were determined. Lower shore epiphytes were dominated by filamentous diatoms (Bacillariophyta), confined to the apex of the frond structure, which were low light acclimated but retained a high capacity for photoprotective down regulation and contributed up to 51% of total community productivity. Upper shore epiphytes were dominated by green algae (Chlorophyta) and single-celled diatoms (principally Cocconeis spp.), which were high light acclimated but present at far lower relative biomass and contributed negligibly to productivity. The host, C. officinalis was the main primary producer. Variation in light environment resulting from differences in shore height and shading within the host macroalga, likely play a large role in determining patterns in epiphyte community structure, biomass and productivity observed. Additionally, microspatial gradients in photophysiological parameters along the host macroalga likely resulted from age-dependent variation in pigments as well as the gradient in light environment.

  6. De-alloyed platinum nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strasser, Peter; Koh, Shirlaine; Mani, Prasanna; Ratndeep, Srivastava

    2011-08-09

    A method of producing de-alloyed nanoparticles. In an embodiment, the method comprises admixing metal precursors, freeze-drying, annealing, and de-alloying the nanoparticles in situ. Further, in an embodiment de-alloyed nanoparticle formed by the method, wherein the nanoparticle further comprises a core-shell arrangement. The nanoparticle is suitable for electrocatalytic processes and devices.

  7. Multifunctional nanoparticles: Analytical prospects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dios, Alejandro Simon de [University of Oviedo, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Av. Julian Claveria, 8, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); Diaz-Garcia, Marta Elena, E-mail: medg@uniovi.es [University of Oviedo, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Av. Julian Claveria, 8, 33006 Oviedo (Spain)

    2010-05-07

    Multifunctional nanoparticles are among the most exciting nanomaterials with promising applications in analytical chemistry. These applications include (bio)sensing, (bio)assays, catalysis and separations. Although most of these applications are based on the magnetic, optical and electrochemical properties of multifunctional nanoparticles, other aspects such as the synergistic effect of the functional groups and the amplification effect associated with the nanoscale dimension have also been observed. Considering not only the nature of the raw material but also the shape, there is a huge variety of nanoparticles. In this review only magnetic, quantum dots, gold nanoparticles, carbon and inorganic nanotubes as well as silica, titania and gadolinium oxide nanoparticles are addressed. This review presents a narrative summary on the use of multifuncional nanoparticles for analytical applications, along with a discussion on some critical challenges existing in the field and possible solutions that have been or are being developed to overcome these challenges.

  8. Stimulus Responsive Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cairns, Darran Robert (Inventor); Huebsch, Wade W. (Inventor); Sierros, Konstantinos A. (Inventor); Shafran, Matthew S. (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    Disclosed are various embodiments of methods and systems related to stimulus responsive nanoparticles. In one embodiment includes a stimulus responsive nanoparticle system, the system includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a plurality of elongated electro-responsive nanoparticles dispersed between the first and second electrodes, the plurality of electro-responsive nanorods configured to respond to an electric field established between the first and second electrodes.

  9. Recuperação por desbridamento manual da valva aórtica estenótica calcificada Manual debridement for repair in calcified aortic stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato A. K Kalil

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Os autores analisam os resultados clínicos e evolução ecocardiográfica em uma série de pacientes em que foi possível recuperar a valva aórtica calcificada. Entre janeiro de 1993 e outubro de 1994, 31 pacientes foram considerados para recuperação valvar, sendo obtido sucesso imediato em 21. A etiologia era congênita em 8 e senil em 13 pacientes; o sexo masculino em 10 e feminino em 11 e as idades variaram de 44 a 78 anos (média ± DP = 63,8 ± 9,5 anos. Procedimentos associados foram 6 revascularizações miocárdicas e 1 comissurotomia mitral, com tempos de perfusão de 53,8 ± 21,4 min e de isquemia miocárdica de 33,7 ±12,1 min. O cálcio retirado com auxílio de pinças saca-cálcio usuais auxiliadas por aspiração e raspagem das válvulas. Em duas ocasiões as válvulas foram perfuradas e suturadas com Propilene 5-0. Comissurotomia com bisturi foi realizada, se necessário. Dezesseis pacientes foram avaliados por ecocardiograma no pós-operatório imediato ou após 6 m a 1 ano. Todos os casos estão em acompanhamento. Não houve mortalidade na fase hospitalar e 4,8% (1 caso na tardia. Não ocorreram complicações pós-operatórias significativas no período estudado, encontrando-se os pacientes em classe funcional I ou II. A avaliação ecocardiográfica mostrou gradiente instantâneo máximo na via de saída do VE de 90,7 ± 23,3 mmHg (média ± DP no exame pré-operatório e 33,0 ± 7,9 no pós-operatório (p A series of 21 patients submitted to mechanical debridement for treatment of calcified stenotic aortic valves is presented. There were 8 congenital and 13 senile valves, in 10 male and 11 female patients. Mean age 63.8 ± 9.5 (44 to 78 years. Six had also coronary bypass grafts and 1 mitral comissurotomy. Total perfusion time was 53.8 ± 21.4 min and ischemic time 33.7 ± 12.1 min. All patients had been followedup from 1 month to 2 years. In 16 a late echocardiographic evaluation was performed. There have been no early

  10. Field Calibration of the δ11B-pH Proxy in Corals and Calcified Algae at a Shallow Hydrothermal Vent and Adjacent Coral Reef

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, R. D.; Christopher, S. J.; Young, C.; Brainard, R. E.; Butterfield, D. A.; Stewart, J.

    2015-12-01

    There is increasing interest in using the boron isotopic composition (δ11B) of biogenic carbonates as a proxy for seawater pH to better understand recent ocean acidification. The utility of this proxy hinges on the production of robust species-specific δ11B-pH calibrations; yet, challenges remain in the interpretation of boron isotope data due to biases introduced by physiological, environmental, and analytical factors. The shallow hydrothermal vents in the Maug Islands caldera (Marianas Islands) and the adjacent coral reefs exhibit a localized gradient > 1 pH unit. This gradient was used as a natural laboratory to assess the efficacy of using skeletal δ11B in a variety of corals (Porites spp., Pocillipora spp., Acropora spp.) and calcified algae (Halimeda spp. and Corallinales) as biosensors of seawater pH. Three sites were selected representing oceanic background, intermediate, and low pH zones, and direct seawater pH measurements were recorded for 3 months using SeaFETs. Corals and algae growing naturally in situ were collected from these 3 sites. In addition, corals and algae collected from a background location were stained and transplanted to these sites and allowed to grow for 3 months. Measurements of δ11B in skeletal material made by multi-collector inductively coupled mass spectrometry are compared to direct seawater pH measurements to assess the sensitivity and robustness of the δ11B proxy in these candidate biosensors in predicting ambient pH in the field. These data will inform ongoing efforts by the Archive of Coral Ecosystem Specimens (ACES) to collect marine carbonates for analysis and archival in the Marine Environmental Specimen Bank for broad-scale, long-term monitoring of ocean acidification and the associated impacts to coral reefs. Concurrent analyses of other trace elements, heavy metals, and isotopes in these samples will also be performed to assess their utility as biosensors for additional water chemistry parameters on coral reefs.

  11. 牙源性钙化囊性瘤临床病理研究%Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor:a clinicopathological study of 39 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈菲; 张庆庆; 陆东辉; 王三锡

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨牙源性钙化囊性瘤(calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor,CCOT)的临床病理分型对治疗预后的影响.方法 对39例CCOT的临床表现、X线影象、病理特征及治疗随访资料等进行回顾性分析.结果 39例中男性26例,女性13例,平均年龄29.6岁;病变位于下颌骨21例,上颌骨18例;临床多以颜面部肿胀就诊.X线主要表现为颌骨内界限清楚的放射透光区,单房或多房,其中伴有钙化斑点或团块.镜下均可见到特征性的影细胞,可分为4种类型:单纯囊肿型(17例)、CCOT伴牙瘤型(12例)、CCOT伴成釉细胞瘤增生型(7例)、CCOT伴其他良性牙源性肿瘤型(3例:伴成釉细胞纤维瘤2例,伴成釉细胞纤维牙瘤1例).治疗均采用囊肿摘除术或刮治术,获得随访33例,复发6例,其中3例复发者均为CCOT伴成釉细胞瘤增生型且有囊壁内浸润(1例复发为牙源性影细胞瘤,1例20年后复发恶变为牙源性影细胞癌).结论 CCOT伴成釉细胞瘤增生且有囊壁内浸润型行单纯囊肿摘除术或刮治术容易复发,可形成牙源性影细胞瘤或恶变成牙源性影细胞癌,此型肿瘤的手术范围应适当扩大并进行长期随访.%Purpose To shirty the pathological classification of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor ( CCOT ) and its effect to the treatment and prognosis. Methods The data including clinical, X-ray, histologic features and follow-up of 39 cases were analyzed retrospectively. Results Among the 39 cases of CCOT, 26 cases were males and 13 females, with the mean age 29. 6 years. The location of the lesion was limited in this study: 2f cases were in the mandible, while f8 ones in the maxilla. The majority of cases presented facial swelling. X-ray imaging revealed a well defined unilocular or plurilocular radiolucency with calcified spots or masses in the jawbones. Microscopically, CCOT was noted as a histologic feature of ghost cells and divided into four types: simple cystic CCOT ( 17 cases

  12. Optical properties of nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Pól Martin

    2015-01-01

    At the NBI I am involved in projects relating to optical properties of metallic nanoparticles in particular with respect to plasmonic heating with direct applications to photothermal cancer therapy. For this purpose we have developed heating assays that can be used to measure the heating of any...... nanoscopic heat source like an irradiated nanoparticle...

  13. Clinical features and micro-invasive reshaping repair of calcified epithelioma in head and face%头面部皮肤钙化上皮瘤的临床诊断与治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 李世荣; 张绍祥; 谭立文

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨头面部钙化上皮瘤的诊疗方法,提高临床诊断的准确率.方法 对26例头面部钙化上皮瘤患者的临床资料进行回顾,并对诊断和治疗方法 进行评估分析.结果 在26例中有14例(53.8%)钙化上皮瘤患者年龄<13岁.临床上极易误诊,误诊率达42.3%(11例).B超诊断具有较高的符合率,超声表现分为3型:团块伴钙化型、强回声光带型及实质无钙化型.组织病理观察,表现为影细胞及嗜碱性细胞片状排列的特征.皮肤钙化上皮瘤经手术切除后均未见复发.结论 提高医师对钙化上皮瘤临床特征的认识,可利用影像学手段,如B超等检查,以提高诊断率.手术切除是治疗该病的较好方法.%Objective Calcified epithelioma is a rare benign tumor in head and face. It is seldomly seen canceration. But it has local invasion behavior. The aim of this study was to explore the methodology in the diagnosis and treatment of calcified epithelioma in head and face, and to improve the accuracy of clinical diagnosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was carried out in 26 patients with calcified epithelioma in head and face. Results 53. 8 % patients with calcified epithelioma were less than 13-year-old. The disease was easily misdiagnozed. In this group of patients the misdiagnosis rate reached to 42. 3 %. Btype ultrasonographic diagnosis possessed a high level of concordance with histological diagnosis. There were three major types of calcified epithelioma: type 1, a mass with internal echoic foci; type 2, a hyperechoic mass with high beam; type 3, no calcification in the parenchyma. Piomatricoma was described as a skin tumour histologically composed of "shadow"cells, basophillic cells, foreign body giant cells and intracellular and stromal calcification. The treatment was excision and no recurrences were found by followup. Conclusions It is important for clinicians to know the clinical features of calcified epithelioma. Imaging studies

  14. Single Nanoparticle Plasmonic Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Sriram

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of plasmonic nanomaterials in optical sensors, coupled with the advances in detection techniques, has opened the way for biosensing with single plasmonic particles. Single nanoparticle sensors offer the potential to analyse biochemical interactions at a single-molecule level, thereby allowing us to capture even more information than ensemble measurements. We introduce the concepts behind single nanoparticle sensing and how the localised surface plasmon resonances of these nanoparticles are dependent upon their materials, shape and size. Then we outline the different synthetic approaches, like citrate reduction, seed-mediated and seedless growth, that enable the synthesis of gold and silver nanospheres, nanorods, nanostars, nanoprisms and other nanostructures with tunable sizes. Further, we go into the aspects related to purification and functionalisation of nanoparticles, prior to the fabrication of sensing surfaces. Finally, the recent developments in single nanoparticle detection, spectroscopy and sensing applications are discussed.

  15. Magnetic interactions between nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt; Frandsen, Cathrine

    2010-01-01

    We present a short overview of the influence of inter-particle interactions on the properties of magnetic nanoparticles. Strong magnetic dipole interactions between ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic particles, that would be superparamagnetic if isolated, can result in a collective state...... of nanoparticles. This collective state has many similarities to spin-glasses. In samples of aggregated magnetic nanoparticles, exchange interactions are often important and this can also lead to a strong suppression of superparamagnetic relaxation. The temperature dependence of the order parameter in samples...... of strongly interacting hematite nanoparticles or goethite grains is well described by a simple mean field model. Exchange interactions between nanoparticles with different orientations of the easy axes can also result in a rotation of the sub-lattice magnetization directions....

  16. Energy breathing of nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dynich, Raman A., E-mail: dynich@solo.by [Institute of Social Educational Technologies (Belarus)

    2015-06-15

    The paper considers the energy exchange process of the electromagnetic wave with a spherical metal nanoparticle. Based on the account of the temporal dependencies of electric and magnetic fields, the author presents an analytical dependence of the energy flow passing through the spherical surface. It is shown that the electromagnetic energy, localized in metal nanoparticles, is not a stationary value and periodically varies with time. A consequence of the energy nonstationarity is a nonradiating exit of the electromagnetic energy out of the nanoparticle. During the time equal to the period of wave oscillations, the electromagnetic energy is penetrating twice into the particle and quits it twice. The particle warms up because of the difference in the incoming and outgoing energies. Such “energy breathing” is presented for spherical Ag and Au nanoparticles with radii of 10 and 33 nm, respectively. Calculations were conducted for these nanoparticles embedded into the cell cytoplasm near the frequencies of their surface plasmon resonances.

  17. Industrial applications of nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, W J; Stoessel, P R; Wohlleben, W; Hafner, A

    2015-08-21

    Research efforts in the past two decades have resulted in thousands of potential application areas for nanoparticles - which materials have become industrially relevant? Where are sustainable applications of nanoparticles replacing traditional processing and materials? This tutorial review starts with a brief analysis on what makes nanoparticles attractive to chemical product design. The article highlights established industrial applications of nanoparticles and then moves to rapidly emerging applications in the chemical industry and discusses future research directions. Contributions from large companies, academia and high-tech start-ups are used to elucidate where academic nanoparticle research has revolutionized industry practice. A nanomaterial-focused analysis discusses new trends, such as particles with an identity, and the influence of modern instrument advances in the development of novel industrial products.

  18. 牵引下推拿为主治疗钙化型腰椎间盘突出症临床观察%Clinical Observation of Traction and Massage Therapy-Based in Treating Calcified Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐辉; 成鲁杰; 姜培林; 王春利

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨牵引下推拿为主治疗钙化型腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效.方法:将符合条件的32例患者,给予牵引下推拿、电针、中频电、中药热奄包、红外线等综合治疗,分别于治疗后即时与3个月随访观察疗效.结果:治疗后即时及治疗后3个月分别给予疗效评定,好转率均达到70%以上.结论:牵引下推拿为主治疗钙化型腰椎间盘突出症可以取得临床满意疗效.%Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of traction and massage therapy-based in treating calcified lumbar disc herniation.Methods:32 patients with calcified lumbar disc herniation were all treated with comprehensive treatment using gravity traction combined with massage treatment,electro-acupuncture therapy,medium frequency electrotherapy,Chinese traditional medicine foment bag,infrared therapy.The clinical effect was observed after treatment immediately and 3 months later.Results:Evaluation of therapy effect after treatment immediately and 3 months later showed that improvement rates were both more than 70%.Conclusion:Calcified lumbar disc herniation treated by traction and massage therapy-based could have satisfied clinical effect.

  19. Clinical study on root canal therapy for calcified teeth with reciprocal instrument clamping K file%回旋手机夹持K型锉治疗钙化根管

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何泽红; 程超; 金树人

    2015-01-01

    AIM:To evaluate the clinical outcome of reciprocal instrument clamping K file in the negotiation of calcified root canals. METHODS:167 calcified root canals of 112 teeth from 96 patients with pulpitis or apical periodontitis were negotiated with reciprocal instrument clamping K file and the outcome were evaluated. RESULTS:131(78. 44%) calci-fied root canals were successfully negotiated. Correlation was found between the success rate and tooth location, the success rate of the anterior teeth group was higher than that of the molar group (P<0. 05);the success rate of the canals with calci-fication of coronal to the bend position was significantly higher than that of apical to the bend position(P<0. 05). CON-CLUSION:The reciprocal instrument clamping K file is safe and effective in the treatment of calcified root canal, but it has certain limitation in negotiating the calcification of the root canals at apical to the bend position.%目的::评价回旋手机夹持K型锉疏通钙化根管的临床效果。方法:选择牙髓炎或根尖周炎患者96例112个患牙,共167个钙化根管,用回旋手机夹持K型锉进行疏通,评价根管疏通效果。结果:167个钙化根管,成功疏通131个(78.44%)。其中前牙组成功率高于磨牙组(P<0.05);钙化位于弯曲部位以上的成功率高于钙化位于弯曲部位以下的根管(P<0.05)。结论:回旋手机夹持K型锉疏通钙化根管安全、有效,但疏通钙化位于弯曲部位以下的根管方面尚有一定的局限性。

  20. Microemulsion Synthesis of Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gotić, M.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Nanoparticles and nanomaterials have wide applications in electronics, physics, material design, being also utilized as sensors, catalysts, and more and more in biomedicine. Microemulsions are an exceptionally suitable medium for the synthesis of nanoparticles due to their thermodynamical stability, great solubility of both polar and nonpolar components, as well as their ability to control the size, dispersity and shape of the particles. This review presents microemulsion techniques for the synthesis of inorganic nanoparticles. It takes place in water-in-oil microemulsions by mixing one microemulsion with a cationic precursor, and the other with a precipitating or reducing agent, or by direct addition of reducing agents or gas (O2, NH3 ili CO2 into microemul sion (Fig. 1. Metal nanoparticles are used as catalysts, sensors, ferrofluids etc. They are produced by reducing the metal cation with a suitable reducing agent. In a similar way, one can prepare nanoparticles of alloys from the metal salts, provided that the metals are mutually soluble. The microemulsion technique is also suitable for depositing nanoparticles onto various surfaces. Highly active catalysts made from nanoparticles of Pt, Pd, Rh and other noble metals may be obtained in this way. Metal oxides and hydroxides may be prepared by hydrolysis or precipitation in the water core of microemulsion. Precipitation can be initiated by adding the base or precipitating agent into the microemulsion with water solution of metal ions. Similarly, nanoparticles may be prepared of sulphides, halogenides, cyanides, carbonates, sulphates and other insoluble metal salts. To prevent oxidation of nanoparticles, especially Fe, the particles are coated with inert metals, oxides, various polymers etc. Coating may provide additional functionality; e.g. coating with gold allows subsequent functionalization with organic compounds containing sulphur, due to the strong Au–S bond. Polymer coatings decrease

  1. Precise Quantification of Nanoparticle Internalization

    OpenAIRE

    Gottstein, Claudia; Wu, Guohui; Wong, Benjamin J.; Zasadzinski, Joseph Anthony

    2013-01-01

    Nanoparticles have opened new exciting avenues for both diagnostic and therapeutic applications in human disease, and targeted nanoparticles are increasingly used as specific drug delivery vehicles. The precise quantification of nanoparticle internalization is of importance to measure the impact of physical and chemical properties on the uptake of nanoparticles into target cells or into cells responsible for rapid clearance. Internalization of nanoparticles has been measured...

  2. Early outcome of high energy Laser (Excimer) facilitated coronary angioplasty ON hARD and complex calcified and balloOn-resistant coronary lesions: LEONARDO Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ambrosini, Vittorio; Sorropago, Giovanni; Laurenzano, Eugenio [Montevergine Clinic, Mercogliano (Italy); Golino, Luca, E-mail: lucagolino.jazz@alice.it [Montevergine Clinic, Mercogliano (Italy); Moriggia-Pelascini Hospital, Gravedona, Como (Italy); Casafina, Alfredo; Schiano, Vittorio [Montevergine Clinic, Mercogliano (Italy); Gabrielli, Gabriele [University Hospital Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona (Italy); Ettori, Federica; Chizzola, Giuliano [Spedali Civili University Hospital, Brescia (Italy); Bernardi, Guglielmo; Spedicato, Leonardo [University Hospital S. Maria Misericordia, Udine (Italy); Armigliato, Pietro [Istituto Italiano Ricerche Mediche, Verona (Italy); Spampanato, Carmine [Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), Naples (Italy); Furegato, Martina [Istituto Italiano Ricerche Mediche, Verona (Italy)

    2015-04-15

    Aim: An innovative xenon–chlorine (excimer) pulsed laser catheter (ELCA X80) has been recently used for the treatment of complex coronary lesions, as calcified stenosis, chronic total occlusions and non-compliant plaques. Such complex lesions are difficult to adequately treat with balloon angioplasty and/or intracoronary stenting. The aim of this study was to examine the acute outcome of this approach on a cohort of patients with coronary lesions. Methods and Results: Eighty patients with 100 lesions were enrolled through four centers, and excimer laser coronary angioplasty was performed on 96 lesions (96%). Safety and effectiveness data were compared between patients treated with standard laser therapy and those treated with increased laser therapy. Laser success was obtained in 90 lesions (93.7%), procedural success was reached in 88 lesions (91.7%), and clinical success in was obtained in 87 lesions (90.6%). There was no perforation, major side branch occlusion, spasm, no-reflow phenomenon, dissection nor acute vessel closure. Increased laser parameters were used successfully for 49 resistant lesions without complications. Conclusions: This study suggests that laser-facilitated coronary angioplasty is a simple, safe and effective device for the management of complex coronary lesions. Furthermore, higher laser energy levels delivered by this catheter improved the device performance without increasing complications. - Highlights: • We planned this multicenter study to examine the acute outcome of an innovative xenon–chlorine (excimer) pulsed laser catheter (ELCA X80) for treatment of complex coronary lesions. • We enrolled 80 patients with 100 lesions and performed excimer laser coronary angioplasty in 96 lesions (96%). • Laser success was obtained in 90 lesions (93.7%), procedural success was reached in 88 lesions (91.7%), and clinical success was obtained in 87 lesions (90.6%). • Increased laser parameters were used successfully for 49 resistant

  3. Nanoparticle-based Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.K. Khanna

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Nanoparticles exhibit several unique properties that can be applied to develop chemical and biosensorspossessing desirable features like enhanced sensitivity and lower detection limits. Gold nanoparticles arecoated with sugars tailored to recognise different biological substances. When mixed with a weak solution ofthe sugar-coated nanoparticles, the target substance, e.g., ricin or E.coli, attaches to the sugar, thereby alteringits properties and changing the colour. Spores of bacterium labeled with carbon dots have been found to glowupon illumination when viewed with a confocal microscope. Enzyme/nanoparticle-based optical sensors forthe detection of organophosphate (OP compounds employ nanoparticle-modified fluorescence of an inhibitorof the enzyme to generate the signal for the OP compound detection. Nanoparticles shaped as nanoprisms,built of silver atoms, appear red on exposure to light. These nanoparticles are used as diagnostic labels thatglow when target DNA, e.g., those of anthrax or HIV, are present. Of great importance are tools like goldnanoparticle-enhanced surface-plasmon resonance sensor and silver nanoparticle surface-enhanced portableRaman integrated tunable sensor. Nanoparticle metal oxide chemiresistors using micro electro mechanical systemhotplate are very promising devices for toxic gas sensing. Chemiresistors comprising thin films of nanogoldparticles, encapsulated in monomolecular layers of functionalised alkanethiols, deposited on interdigitatedmicroelectrodes, show resistance changes through reversible absorption of vapours of harmful gases. Thispaper reviews the state-of-the-art sensors for chemical and biological terror agents, indicates their capabilitiesand applications, and presents the future scope of these devices.Defence Science Journal, 2008, 58(5, pp.608-616, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.58.1683

  4. Nanoparticle flotation collectors II: the role of nanoparticle hydrophobicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Songtao; Pelton, Robert

    2011-09-20

    The ability of polystyrene nanoparticles to facilitate the froth flotation of glass beads was correlated to the hydrophobicity of the nanoparticles. Contact angle measurements were used to probe the hydrophobicity of hydrophilic glass surfaces decorated with hydrophobic nanoparticles. Both sessile water drop advancing angles, θ(a), and attached air bubble receding angle measurements, θ(r), were performed. For glass surfaces saturated with adsorbed nanoparticles, flotation recovery, a measure of flotation efficiency, increased with increasing values of each type of contact angle. As expected, the advancing water contact angle on nanoparticle-decorated, dry glass surfaces increased with surface coverage, the area fraction of glass covered with nanoparticles. However, the nanoparticles were far more effective at raising the contact angle than the Cassie-Baxter prediction, suggesting that with higher nanoparticle coverages the water did not completely wet the glass surfaces between the nanoparticles. A series of polystyrene nanoparticles was prepared to cover a range of surface energies. Water contact angle measurements, θ(np), on smooth polymer films formed from organic solutions of dissolved nanoparticles were used to rank the nanoparticles in terms of hydrophobicity. Glass spheres were saturated with adsorbed nanoparticles and were isolated by flotation. The minimum nanoparticle water contact angle to give high flotation recovery was in the range of 51° < θ(np(min)) ≤ 85°.

  5. Spiral microfluidic nanoparticle separators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhagat, Ali Asgar S.; Kuntaegowdanahalli, Sathyakumar S.; Dionysiou, Dionysios D.; Papautsky, Ian

    2008-02-01

    Nanoparticles have potential applications in many areas such as consumer products, health care, electronics, energy and other industries. As the use of nanoparticles in manufacturing increases, we anticipate a growing need to detect and measure particles of nanometer scale dimensions in fluids to control emissions of possible toxic nanoparticles. At present most particle separation techniques are based on membrane assisted filtering schemes. Unfortunately their efficiency is limited by the membrane pore size, making them inefficient for separating a wide range of sizes. In this paper, we propose a passive spiral microfluidic geometry for momentum-based particle separations. The proposed design is versatile and is capable of separating particulate mixtures over a wide dynamic range and we expect it will enable a variety of environmental, medical, or manufacturing applications that involve rapid separation of nanoparticles in real-world samples with a wide range of particle components.

  6. Nanoparticles deliver RNAi therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin C. Woodle

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Nanotechnology-based advanced materials are rapidly expanding development of better medicines. Long-standing efforts with lipid and polymer colloidal delivery systems, i.e. nanoparticles, have yielded better imaging and therapy. These benefits of nanotechnology, though limited, have driven efforts to develop advanced nanoparticles. This is particularly the case for targeted nucleic acid (gene therapeutics based on short interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA, which is a new gene inhibitor that is highly potent and selective. Here, we evaluate the use of modular conjugates to construct targeted nanoparticle therapeutics for nucleic acids. These nanoparticles are beginning to emulate the sophistication of virus particles – nature's own nanoscale assemblies for nucleic acids. For medicine, they promise the creation of a new generation of ‘targeted’ therapeutics that can offer multiple levels of selectivity.

  7. Metallic Magnetic Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Hernando

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we reviewed some relevant aspects of the magnetic properties of metallic nanoparticles with small size (below 4 nm, covering the size effects in nanoparticles of magnetic materials, as well as the appearance of magnetism at the nanoscale in materials that are nonferromagnetic in bulk. These results are distributed along the text that has been organized around three important items: fundamental magnetic properties, different fabrication procedures, and characterization techniques. A general introduction and some experimental results recently obtained in Pd and Au nanoparticles have also been included. Finally, the more promising applications of magnetic nanoparticles in biomedicine are indicated. Special care was taken to complete the literature available on the subject.

  8. Functionalized diamond nanoparticles

    KAUST Repository

    Beaujuge, Pierre M.

    2014-10-21

    A diamond nanoparticle can be functionalized with a substituted dienophile under ambient conditions, and in the absence of catalysts or additional reagents. The functionalization is thought to proceed through an addition reaction.

  9. Predicting toxicity of nanoparticles

    OpenAIRE

    BURELLO ENRICO; Worth, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    A statistical model based on a quantitative structure–activity relationship accurately predicts the cytotoxicity of various metal oxide nanoparticles, thus offering a way to rapidly screen nanomaterials and prioritize testing.

  10. To observe the curative effect of arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendinitis of rotator cuff%关节镜治疗肩袖钙化性肌腱炎的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙官军; 银毅; 王志强; 彭旭; 李青山

    2016-01-01

    目的:回顾性分析关节镜下行肩袖钙化性肌腱炎病灶清除术的手术技巧及疗效。方法选取2013年1月~2015年6月在我院就诊的反复疼痛的肩袖钙化性肌腱炎患者9例,均行关节镜下病灶清理术,4位患者同时行肩峰成型术,1位患者行肩袖修复术,术后均行系统的康复训练。所有患者均在术前及术后随访时应用肩关节功能评分(Constant评分、ASES评分)及SST问卷评估其疗效,并记录关节活动度改善情况。术后随访复查肩关节前后位X线片。结果术后随访6月~2年,平均随访时间13.6个月,术后疼痛均明显缓解,功能明显改善;肩关节功能评分Constant评分由术前平均48.4分提高到术后89.9分,ASES评分平均由术前48.6分提高到术后94.2分,SST问卷评分由术前4.8分提高到术后9.4分,治疗前后比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。手术未出现血管神经及相关并发症。结论肩关节镜下钙化灶清理术是治疗保守治疗无效的肩袖钙化性肌腱炎的推荐方法,其具有简单有效,损伤小,恢复快等特点。%Objective To investigate the surgical techniques and clinical effects of arthroscopic treatment of calcifying tendinitis of rotator cuff. Methods From January 2013 to June 2015,9 cases with calcifying tendinitis of rotator cuff were with calcified lesion excision under arthroscopic treatment, 4 cases were treated with acromioplasty and 1 case had rotator cuff neoplasty. Systematic rehabilitation program was followed. All the cases were with Constant and ASES score in pre-operation and post-operation follow-up and SST questionnaire to evaluate the efficacy, and record the range of motion. All the patients were subject to X-ray examination on shoulder joint after surgery. Results Patients were followed-up from 6~24month,average 13.6 months. The degree of pain and function scores were significantly improved after operation. The average

  11. Immunosensing using nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo de la Escosura-Muñiz

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Immunosensing technology is taking advantage of the lastest developments in materials science and inparticular from the nanomaterials field. Because of their unprecedented optical tunability as well as electrical and electrochemical qualities, we are seeing significant developments in the design of novel immunoassays; various conventional optical and electrical platforms which allow for future applications in several fields are being used. Properties of nanoparticles such as light absorption and dispersion are bringing interesting immunosensing alternatives. Nanoparticles are improving the sensitivity of existing techniques used for protein detection in immunoassays based on Surface Plasmon Resonance, Quartz Crystal Microbalance, Fluorescence spectroscopy etc. Electrochemical techniques are also taking advantage of electrical properties of nanoparticles. Redox properties of metal based nanoparticles, surface impedance change and conductance changes once nanoparticles are present as labelling tags or modifiers of transducer surfaces are also improving the technology. In most of the examples nanoparticle based biosensing systems are being offered as excellent screening and superior alternatives to existing conventional strategies/assays with interest for fields in clinical analysis, food quality, safety and security.

  12. Imaging through plasmonic nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanzid, Mehbuba; Sobhani, Ali; DeSantis, Christopher J.; Cui, Yao; Hogan, Nathaniel J.; Samaniego, Adam; Veeraraghavan, Ashok; Halas, Naomi J.

    2016-05-01

    The optical properties of metallic nanoparticles with plasmon resonances have been studied extensively, typically by measuring the transmission of light, as a function of wavelength, through a nanoparticle suspension. One question that has not yet been addressed, however, is how an image is transmitted through such a suspension of absorber-scatterers, in other words, how the various spatial frequencies are attenuated as they pass through the nanoparticle host medium. Here, we examine how the optical properties of a suspension of plasmonic nanoparticles affect the transmitted image. We use two distinct ways to assess transmitted image quality: the structural similarity index (SSIM), a perceptual distortion metric based on the human visual system, and the modulation transfer function (MTF), which assesses the resolvable spatial frequencies. We show that perceived image quality, as well as spatial resolution, are both dependent on the scattering and absorption cross-sections of the constituent nanoparticles. Surprisingly, we observe a nonlinear dependence of image quality on optical density by varying optical path length and nanoparticle concentration. This work is a first step toward understanding the requirements for visualizing and resolving objects through media consisting of subwavelength absorber-scatterer structures, an approach that should also prove useful in the assessment of metamaterial or metasurface-based optical imaging systems.

  13. Heteroaggregation of cerium oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticles of pyrolyzed biomass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heteroaggregation with indigenous particles is an important process controlling the mobility of engineered nanomaterials in the environment. We studied heteroaggregation of cerium oxide nanoparticles (n-CeO2), which are widely used commercially, with nanoparticles of pyrogenic carbonaceous material ...

  14. Direct hierarchical assembly of nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ting; Zhao, Yue; Thorkelsson, Kari

    2014-07-22

    The present invention provides hierarchical assemblies of a block copolymer, a bifunctional linking compound and a nanoparticle. The block copolymers form one micro-domain and the nanoparticles another micro-domain.

  15. Chemistry for oncotheranostic gold nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trouiller, Anne Juliette; Hebié, Seydou; El Bahhaj, Fatima; Napporn, Teko W; Bertrand, Philippe

    2015-06-24

    This review presents in a comprehensive ways the chemical methods used to functionalize gold nanoparticles with focus on anti-cancer applications. The review covers the parameters required for the synthesis gold nanoparticles with defined shapes and sizes, method for targeted delivery in tumours, and selected examples of anti-cancers compounds delivered with gold nanoparticles. A short survey of bioassays for oncology based on gold nanoparticles is also presented.

  16. Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Ghorbani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available There is an increased interest in understanding the toxicity and rational design of gold nanoparticles for biomedical applications in recent years. In this study gold nanoparticles were synthesized using dextrose as a reducing agent. The gold nanoparticles displayed characteristic Surface Plasmon Resonance peak at around 550 nm having a mean particle size of 75±30 nm. In order to identify and analyze nanoparticles, UV–Vis spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM, and dynamic light scattering (DLS were used.

  17. Evaluation of nanoparticle-ligand distributions to determine nanoparticle concentration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uddayasankar, Uvaraj; Shergill, Ravi T; Krull, Ulrich J

    2015-01-20

    The concentration of nanoparticles in solution is an important, yet challenging, parameter to quantify. In this work, a facile strategy for the determination of nanoparticle concentration is presented. The method relies on the quantitative analysis of the inherent distribution of nanoparticle-ligand conjugates that are generated when nanoparticles are functionalized with ligands. Validation of the method was accomplished by applying it to gold nanoparticles and semiconductor nanoparticles (CdSe/ZnS; core/shell). Poly(ethylene glycol) based ligands, with functional groups that quantitatively react with the nanoparticles, were incubated with the nanoparticles at varying equivalences. Agarose gel electrophoresis was subsequently used to separate and quantify the nanoparticle-ligand conjugates of varying valences. The distribution in the nanoparticle-ligand conjugates agreed well with that predicted by the Poisson model. A protocol was then developed, where a series of only eight different ligand amounts could provide an estimate of the nanoparticle concentration that spans 3 orders of magnitude (1 μM to 1 mM). For the gold nanoparticles and semiconductor nanoparticles, the measured concentrations were found to deviate by only 7% and 2%, respectively, from those determined by UV-vis spectroscopy. The precision of the assay was evaluated, resulting in a coefficient of variation of 5-7%. Finally, the protocol was used to determine the extinction coefficient of alloyed semiconductor nanoparticles (CdSxSe1-x/ZnS), for which a reliable estimate is currently unavailable, of three different emission wavelengths (525, 575, and 630 nm). The extinction coefficient of the nanoparticles of all emission wavelengths was similar and was found to be 2.1 × 10(5) M(-1)cm(-1).

  18. Safety of nanoparticles in sunscreens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reijnders, L.

    2009-01-01

    Sunscreens may contain ZnO or TiO2 nanoparticles to absorb UV radiation. Available data do not allow for precisely establishing risk associated with these nanoparticles. However, there is substantial evidence that the hazard of TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles probably comes from their ability to generate

  19. Surface chemistry of "unprotected" nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrader, Imke; Warneke, Jonas; Neumann, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    The preparation of colloidal nanoparticles in alkaline ethylene glycol is a powerful approach for the preparation of model catalysts and ligand-functionalized nanoparticles. For these systems the term "unprotected" nanoparticles has been established because no strongly binding stabilizers are req...

  20. Gold Nanoparticle Microwave Synthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krantz, Kelsie E. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Christian, Jonathan H. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Coopersmith, Kaitlin [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Washington, II, Aaron L. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Murph, Simona H. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2016-07-27

    At the nanometer scale, numerous compounds display different properties than those found in bulk material that can prove useful in areas such as medicinal chemistry. Gold nanoparticles, for example, display promise in newly developed hyperthermia therapies for cancer treatment. Currently, gold nanoparticle synthesis is performed via the hot injection technique which has large variability in final particle size and a longer reaction time. One underdeveloped area by which these particles could be produced is through microwave synthesis. To initiate heating, microwaves agitate polar molecules creating a vibration that gives off the heat energy needed. Previous studies have used microwaves for gold nanoparticle synthesis; however polar solvents were used that partially absorbed incident microwaves, leading to partial thermal heating of the sample rather than taking full advantage of the microwave to solely heat the gold nanoparticle precursors in a non-polar solution. Through this project, microwaves were utilized as the sole heat source, and non-polar solvents were used to explore the effects of microwave heating only as pertains to the precursor material. Our findings show that the use of non-polar solvents allows for more rapid heating as compared to polar solvents, a reduction in reaction time from 10 minutes to 1 minute, maximizes the efficiency of the reaction, and allows for reproducibility in the size/shape of the fabricated nanoparticles.

  1. Gold Nanoparticle Microwave Synthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krantz, Kelsie E. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Christian, Jonathan H. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Coopersmith, Kaitlin [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Washington, II, Aaron L. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL); Murph, Simona H. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2016-07-27

    At the nanometer scale, numerous compounds display different properties than those found in bulk material that can prove useful in areas such as medicinal chemistry. Gold nanoparticles, for example, display promise in newly developed hyperthermia therapies for cancer treatment. Currently, gold nanoparticle synthesis is performed via the hot injection technique which has large variability in final particle size and a longer reaction time. One underdeveloped area by which these particles could be produced is through microwave synthesis. To initiate heating, microwaves agitate polar molecules creating a vibration that gives off the heat energy needed. Previous studies have used microwaves for gold nanoparticle synthesis; however, polar solvents were used that partially absorbed incident microwaves, leading to partial thermal heating of the sample rather than taking full advantage of the microwave to solely heat the gold nanoparticle precursors in a non-polar solution. Through this project, microwaves were utilized as the sole heat source, and non-polar solvents were used to explore the effects of microwave heating only as pertains to the precursor material. Our findings show that the use of non-polar solvents allows for more rapid heating as compared to polar solvents, and a reduction in reaction time from 10 minutes to 1 minute; this maximizes the efficiency of the reaction, and allows for reproducibility in the size/shape of the fabricated nanoparticles.

  2. 椎间盘镜下等离子刀髓核消融治疗钙化型腰椎间盘突出症%Effect of microendoscopic discectomy combined with radiofrequency coblation nucleoplasty on calcified lumbar disc herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宣煌; 李荣议; 陈金辉; 郑祖高; 张威; 林海滨

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the feasibility and effect of radiofrequency coblation nucleoplasty combined with microendoscopic discectomy (MED) on calcified lumbar disc herniation.Methods A total of 35 patients with calcified lumbar disc herniation were choosed in the study.All patients were treated with microendoscopic discectomy.After general MED surgery,the remnant tissues were treated with radiofrequency coblation nucleoplasty.A follow-up was carried out for 12 months,and the effect of the surgery was evaluated.Results The operation was completed smoothly in all of the 35 patients.The excellent and good rate was 94.3%,according to Nakai classification.Conclusions MED combined with radiofrequency coblation nucleoplasty for treatment of the calcified lumbar disc herniation can expand the clinical indication of MED,as well as improve the clinical efficacy of MED.%目的 探讨后路显微内窥镜腰椎间盘切除术(MED)结合等离子刀手术系统微创治疗钙化型腰椎间盘突出症的可行性及疗效.方法 随机选择行MED下髓核摘除的钙化型腰椎间盘突出症患者35例,同时应用等离子刀对椎管内残余组织进行消融、皱缩,成形,术后随访,第12个月进行疗效评价.结果 35例患者均顺利完成此手术,Nakai治愈标准评估治疗效果,优良率为94.3%.结论 显微椎间盘镜结合等离子刀治疗钙化型腰椎间盘突出症,扩大了MED适应证范围,提高了椎间盘镜下髓核摘除术的临床疗效.

  3. Preliminary Study of Calcified Roasting Vanadium Slag Leaching Toxicity Test%钙化焙烧提钒废渣浸出毒性试验初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱江; 王其; 卢莎莎

    2013-01-01

    对贵州省某矿业有限公司刚出炉的钙化焙烧提钒废渣进行浸出实验,并利用斑马鱼胚胎染毒实验探讨了钙化焙烧提钒废渣浸出液中重金属的联合毒性效应.实验结果表明:根据《固体废物浸出毒性浸出方法-水平振荡法》(HJ557-2010)试验规范进行浸出,钙化焙烧提钒废渣浸出液中V浓度符合《钒工业污染物排放标准》(GB26452-2011),其它7种重金属浓度均符合《污水综合排放标准》(GB8978-1996)中的排放限值;染毒后的斑马鱼胚胎没有表现出强烈的感应,孵化出的幼鱼表现正常.由此说明钙化焙烧提钒废渣浸出液毒性较小,不会表现出对环境的强烈污染效应.%Leaching experiment on oven-fresh vanadium slag extracted by calcified roasting from Guizhou Province was conducted,and the joint toxic effects of heavy metals was discussed by using Zebra fish embryos infected experiment in lixivium from vanadium slag extracted by calcified roasting.The results show that vanadium concentrations are consistent with discharge standard of pollutants for vanadium industry (GB26452-2011),leaching under solid waste-extraction procedure for leaching toxicity-horizontal vibration method (HJ557-2010)test specification,the other seven kinds of heavy metals concentration in line with the emission limits of integrated wastewater discharge standard (GB8978-1996) ; the infected Zebra fish embryos did not show a strong induction,and the hatched juvenile fish appeared normal.It shows the small toxicity of lixivium from vanadium slag extracted by calcified roasting,not exhibiting strong pollution effects on the environment.

  4. 手法结合正骨散外用治疗钙化性肩袖肌腱炎的疗效分析%Effect of Manipulation combined with Zhenggu powder in the Treatment of Rotator Cuff Calcifying Tendonitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑移兵; 佟云; 张雷; 齐越峰

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect o f manipulation combined with Zhenggu powder in the treatment of rotator cuff calcifying tendonitis.Methods:Fifteen patients with calcifying tendonitis who had received manipulation combined with Zhenggu powderwere followed-up for 2.3 months on average.VAS,Constant-Murley score and UCLA score were adopted for evaluation before and after treatment.Results:The VAS score,Constant-Murley score and UCLA score before treatment were respectively (7.8 ±1.2),(56.7 ±5.7),and (13.2 ±3.4).After the treatment with manipulation combined with Zhenggu powder,the above scores were respectively (2.3 ±0.7),(89.7 ±4.4),and (28.6 ±1.5).There were sig nificant differences in the above indexes before and after treatment (all P<0.01).Conclusion:Manipulation combined with Zhenggu powder is an effective method for the treatment of rotator cuff calcifying tendonitis.%目的:探讨和分析应用手法结合正骨散治疗钙化性肩袖肌腱炎的疗效.方法:对15例应用手法结合正骨散治疗钙化性肩袖肌腱炎的患者进行随访,平均随访时间2.3个月.治疗时采用手法配合传统中药正骨散进行治疗,对治疗前后进行VAS评分、Constant-Murley评分、UCLA评分.结果:15例患者治疗前VAS评分平均为7.8±1.2;Constant-Murley评分平均为56.7±5.7;UCLA评分平均为13.2±3.4.经手法结合正骨散治疗后VAS评分平均为2.3±0.7;Constant-Murley评分平均为89.7±4.4;UCLA评分平均为28.6±1.5.治疗前后比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:手法结合正骨散是治疗钙化性肩袖肌腱炎的一种有效的方法.

  5. NANOPARTICLES IN NUCLEAR IMAGING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Vicky V Mody PhD

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The present review article summarizes the current state radiolabeled nanoparticles for molecular imaging applications mainly targeting cancer. Due to their enormous flexibility, and versatility the radiolabeled nanoparticles have shown their potential in the diagnosis and therapy. As the matter of fact, these radiolabeled imaging agents enable the visualization of the cellular function and the follow-up of the molecular process in living organisms. Moreover, the rapidly advancing field of nanotechnology has provided various innovative radionuclides and delivery systems, such as liposomes, magnetic agents, polymers, dendrimers, quantum dots, and carbon nanotubes to cope up with the hurdles which have been posed by various disease states.

  6. Nanoparticle shuttle memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zettl, Alex Karlwalter [Kensington, CA

    2012-03-06

    A device for storing data using nanoparticle shuttle memory having a nanotube. The nanotube has a first end and a second end. A first electrode is electrically connected to the first end of the nanotube. A second electrode is electrically connected to the second end of the nanotube. The nanotube has an enclosed nanoparticle shuttle. A switched voltage source is electrically connected to the first electrode and the second electrode, whereby a voltage may be controllably applied across the nanotube. A resistance meter is also connected to the first electrode and the second electrode, whereby the electrical resistance across the nanotube can be determined.

  7. Dynamics of Catalyst Nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Willum; Cavalca, Filippo; Wagner, Jakob Birkedal

    under gas exposure, dynamic phenomena such as sintering and growth can be observed with sub-Ångstrøm resolution. Metal nanoparticles contain the active sites in heterogeneous catalysts, which are important for many industrial applications including the production of clean fuels, chemicals...... and pharmaceuticals, and the cleanup of exhaust from automobiles and stationary power plants. Sintering, or thermal deactivation, is an important mechanism for the loss of catalyst activity. In order to initiate a systematic study of the dynamics and sintering of nanoparticles, various catalytic systems have been...

  8. Nanoparticles from Renewable Polymers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurm, Frederik; Weiss, Clemens

    2014-07-01

    The use of polymers from natural resources can bring many benefits for novel polymeric nanoparticle systems. Such polymers have a variety of beneficial properties such as biodegradability and biocompatibility, they are readily available on large scale and at low cost. As the amount of fossil fuels decrease, their application becomes more interesting even if characterization is in many cases more challenging due to structural complexity, either by broad distribution of their molecular weights polysaccharides, polyesters, lignin) or by complex structure (proteins, lignin). This review summarizes different sources and methods for the preparation of biopolymer-based nanoparticle systems for various applications.

  9. Biomimetic magnetic nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael T. Klem

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic nanoparticles are of considerable interest because of their potential use in high-density memory devices, spintronics, and applications in diagnostic medicine. The conditions for synthesis of these materials are often complicated by their high reaction temperatures, costly reagents, and post-processing requirements. Practical applications of magnetic nanoparticles will require the development of alternate synthetic strategies that can overcome these impediments. Biomimetic approaches to materials chemistry have provided a new avenue for the synthesis and assembly of magnetic nanomaterials that has great potential for overcoming these obstacles.

  10. The effect of conservative treatment for Stanford B aortic intramural hematoma without calcified plaque%无钙化B型主动脉壁间血肿的保守治疗效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志伟; 王稼祥; 李震; 管生; 王雷永

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of conservative treatment for Stanford B aortic intramural hematoma without calcified plaque and the midterm follow-ups.Methods Clinical data of 20 patients with Stanford B aortic intramural hematoma without calcified plaque which were confirmed by CTA of the whole aorta were retrospectively analyzed.There were 12 males and 8 females,with the age of 35~ 52 years.All of them received pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy.Results All the 20 cases were asymptomatic after conservative medical treatment when they discharged,and were followed up whit imaging tests.They all lived without symptoms during the follow-up period.The pleural fluid on the left side was disappeared in 11 cases after 3 months and the aortic intramural hematoma was absorbed in 13 cases after 6 months.After 1 year there were total 18 cases without aortic intramural hematoma,while The thickness and scope of the hematoma were reduced significantly in the other 2 cases.Conclusion It' s ease to find whether the patient with Stanford B aortic intramural hematoma got calcified plaque or not; the conservative treatment for Stanford B aortic intramural hematoma without calcified plaque has satisfactory clinical effect in midterm follow-ups.%目的 总结病变段主动脉壁无钙化斑的Stanford B型主动脉壁间血肿患者保守治疗的效果和中期随访结果.方法 回顾2009年3月到2012年3月,20例经全主动脉CTA检查确诊病变段主动脉壁无钙化斑的Stanford B型主动脉壁间血肿患者的临床和随访资料.男12例,女8例;年龄35~ 52岁.均采用保守治疗,包括药物治疗和心理疏导治疗.结果 全组均无症状出院,严密影像学随访.无失访病例,随访期间20例患者均生存并无症状复发,发病3个月、6个月和1年复查主动脉CTA.3个月时11例左侧胸腔积液完全吸收,3例壁间血肿完全吸收;6个月时13例壁间血肿完全吸收;1年时共计18例壁间血肿完全吸收,余2例壁间血

  11. Thermally stable nanoparticles on supports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roldan Cuenya, Beatriz; Naitabdi, Ahmed R.; Behafarid, Farzad

    2012-11-13

    An inverse micelle-based method for forming nanoparticles on supports includes dissolving a polymeric material in a solvent to provide a micelle solution. A nanoparticle source is dissolved in the micelle solution. A plurality of micelles having a nanoparticle in their core and an outer polymeric coating layer are formed in the micelle solution. The micelles are applied to a support. The polymeric coating layer is then removed from the micelles to expose the nanoparticles. A supported catalyst includes a nanocrystalline powder, thin film, or single crystal support. Metal nanoparticles having a median size from 0.5 nm to 25 nm, a size distribution having a standard deviation .ltoreq.0.1 of their median size are on or embedded in the support. The plurality of metal nanoparticles are dispersed and in a periodic arrangement. The metal nanoparticles maintain their periodic arrangement and size distribution following heat treatments of at least 1,000.degree. C.

  12. Nanoparticle-Based Biosensors and Bioassays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Guodong; Wang, Jun; Lin, Yuehe; Wang, Joseph

    2007-10-11

    In this book chapter, we review the recent advances in nanoparticles based bioassay. The nanoparticles include quantum dots, silica nanoparticles and apoferritin nanoparticles. The new nanoparticles-based labels hold great promise for multiplex protein and DNA detection and for enhancing the sensitivity of other bioassays.

  13. Nanoparticles as a tool in capillary electrochromatography

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Susana

    2009-01-01

    Two different types of molecularly imprinted nanoparticles against (R)-propranolol were used to separate the enantiomers of propranolol in capillary electrochromatography mode, methacrylic acid based nanoparticles and core-shell molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles. Partial filling technique was used to avoid interference of molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles in UV detection. With methacrylic acid based nanoparticles it was not possible to obtain enantiomer s...

  14. Supercooled smectic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuntsche, Judith; Westesen, K; Drechsler, M

    2004-01-01

    The possibility of preparing nanoparticles in the supercooled thermotropic liquid crystalline state from cholesterol esters with saturated acyl chains as well as the incorporation of model drugs into the dispersions was investigated using cholesteryl myristate (CM) as a model cholesterol ester....

  15. Nanoparticles in forensic science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantu, Antonio A.

    2008-10-01

    Nanoparticles appear in several areas of forensic science including security documents, paints, inks, and reagents that develop latent prints. One reagent (known as the silver physical developer) that visualizes the water insoluble components of latent print residue is based on the formation of highly charged silver nanoparticles. These attach to and grow on the residue and generate a silver image. Another such reagent involves highly charged gold nanoparticles. These attach to the residue forming a weak gold image which can be amplified with a silver physical developer. Nanoparaticles are also used in items such as paints, printing inks, and writing inks. Paints and most printing inks consist of nano-sized pigments in a vehicle. However, certain modern ink jet printing inks now contain nano-sized pigments to improve their light fastness and most gel inks are also based on nano scale pigments. These nanoparticlecontaining materials often appear as evidence and are thus subject to forensic characterization. Both luminescent (quantum dots), up-converting nano scale phosphors, and non luminescent nanoparticles are used as security tags to label product, add security to documents, and as anti counterfeiting measures. These assist in determining if an item is fraudulently made.

  16. Molecularly Imprinted Biodegradable Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagliardi, Mariacristina; Bertero, Alice; Bifone, Angelo

    2017-01-01

    Biodegradable polymer nanoparticles are promising carriers for targeted drug delivery in nanomedicine applications. Molecu- lar imprinting is a potential strategy to target polymer nanoparticles through binding of endogenous ligands that may promote recognition and active transport into specific cells and tissues. However, the lock-and-key mechanism of molecular imprinting requires relatively rigid cross-linked structures, unlike those of many biodegradable polymers. To date, no fully biodegradable molecularly imprinted particles have been reported in the literature. This paper reports the synthesis of a novel molecularly- imprinted nanocarrier, based on poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and acrylic acid, that combines biodegradability and molec- ular recognition properties. A novel three-arm biodegradable cross-linker was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of glycolide and lactide initiated by glycerol. The resulting macromer was functionalized by introduction of end-functions through reaction with acryloyl chloride. Macromer and acrylic acid were used for the synthesis of narrowly-dispersed nanoparticles by radical polymerization in diluted conditions in the presence of biotin as template molecule. The binding capacity of the imprinted nanoparticles towards biotin and biotinylated bovine serum albumin was twentyfold that of non-imprinted nanoparti- cles. Degradation rates and functional performances were assessed in in vitro tests and cell cultures, demonstrating effective biotin-mediated cell internalization. PMID:28071745

  17. Asymmetric Hybrid Nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chumanov, George [Clemson Univ., SC (United States)

    2015-11-05

    Hybrid Nanoparticles (AHNs) are rationally-designed multifunctional nanostructures and novel building blocks for the next generation of advanced materials and devices. Nanoscale materials attract considerable interest because of their unusual properties and potential for practical applications. Most of the activity in this field is focused on the synthesis of homogeneous nanoparticles from metals, metal oxides, semiconductors, and polymers. It is well recognized that properties of nanoparticles can be further enhanced if they are made as hybrid structures. This program is concerned with the synthesis, characterization, and application of such hybrid structures termed AHNs. AHNs are composed of a homogeneous core and several caps of different materials deposited on its surface (Fig. 1). Combined properties of the core and the caps as well as new properties that arise from core-cap and cap-cap interactions render AHNs multifunctional. In addition, specific chemical reactivity of the caps enables directional self-assembly of AHNs into complex architectures that are not possible with only spherical nanoparticles.

  18. Molecularly Imprinted Biodegradable Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagliardi, Mariacristina; Bertero, Alice; Bifone, Angelo

    2017-01-01

    Biodegradable polymer nanoparticles are promising carriers for targeted drug delivery in nanomedicine applications. Molecu- lar imprinting is a potential strategy to target polymer nanoparticles through binding of endogenous ligands that may promote recognition and active transport into specific cells and tissues. However, the lock-and-key mechanism of molecular imprinting requires relatively rigid cross-linked structures, unlike those of many biodegradable polymers. To date, no fully biodegradable molecularly imprinted particles have been reported in the literature. This paper reports the synthesis of a novel molecularly- imprinted nanocarrier, based on poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and acrylic acid, that combines biodegradability and molec- ular recognition properties. A novel three-arm biodegradable cross-linker was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of glycolide and lactide initiated by glycerol. The resulting macromer was functionalized by introduction of end-functions through reaction with acryloyl chloride. Macromer and acrylic acid were used for the synthesis of narrowly-dispersed nanoparticles by radical polymerization in diluted conditions in the presence of biotin as template molecule. The binding capacity of the imprinted nanoparticles towards biotin and biotinylated bovine serum albumin was twentyfold that of non-imprinted nanoparti- cles. Degradation rates and functional performances were assessed in in vitro tests and cell cultures, demonstrating effective biotin-mediated cell internalization.

  19. DNA templated magnetic nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinsella, Joseph M.

    Recent discoveries in nanoscience are predicted to potentially revolutionize future technologies in an extensive number of fields. These developments are contingent upon discovering new and often unconventional methods to synthesize and control nanoscale components. Nature provides several examples of working nanotechnology such as the use of programmed self assembly to build and deconstruct complex molecular systems. We have adopted a method to control the one dimensional assembly of magnetic nanoparticles using DNA as a scaffold molecule. With this method we have demonstrated the ability to organize 5 nm particles into chains that stretch up to ˜20 mum in length. One advantage of using DNA compared is the ability of the molecule to interact with other biomolecules. After assembling particles onto DNA we have been able to cleave the molecule into smaller fragments using restriction enzymes. Using ligase enzymes we have re-connected these fragments, coated with either gold or iron oxide, to form long one-dimensional arrangements of the two different types of nanoparticles on a single molecular guide. We have also created a sensitive magnetic field sensor by incorporating magnetic nanoparticle coated DNA strands with microfabricated electrodes. The IV characteristics of the aligned nanoparticles are dependant on the magnitude of an externally applied magnetic field. This transport phenomenon known as tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) shows room temperature resistance of our devices over 80% for cobalt ferrite coated DNA when a field of 20 kOe is applied. In comparison, studies using two dimensional nanoparticle films of irox oxides xii only exhibit a 35% MR effect. Confinement into one dimension using the DNA guide produces a TMR mechanism which produces significant increases in magnetoresistance. This property can be utilized for applications in magnetic field sensing, data storage, and logic elements.

  20. Alleviating anastrozole induced bone toxicity by selenium nanoparticles in SD rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vekariya, Kiritkumar K.; Kaur, Jasmine; Tikoo, Kulbhushan, E-mail: tikoo.k@gmail.com

    2013-04-15

    Aromatase inhibitors like anastrozole play an undisputed key role in the treatment of breast cancer, but on the other hand, various side effects like osteoporosis and increased risk of bone fracture accompany the chronic administration of these drugs. Here we show for the first time that selenium nanoparticles, when given in conjugation to anastrozole, lower the bone toxicity caused by anastrozole and thus reduce the probable damage to the bone. Selenium nanoparticles at a dose of 5 μg/ml significantly reduced the cell death caused by anastrozole (1 μM) in HOS (human osteoblast) cells. In addition, our results also highlighted that in female SD rat model, SeNPs (0.25, 0.5, 1 mg/kg/day) significantly prevented the decrease in bone density and increase in biochemical markers of bone resorption induced by anastrozole (0.2 mg/kg/day) treatment. Histopathological examination of the femurs of SeNP treated group revealed ossification, mineralization, calcified cartilaginous deposits and a marginal osteoclastic activity, all of which indicate a marked restorative action, suggesting the protective action of the SeNPs. Interestingly, SeNPs (1 mg/kg/day) also exhibited protective effect in ovariectomized rat model, by preventing osteoporosis, which signifies that bone loss due to estrogen deficiency can be effectively overcome by using SeNPs. - Highlights: ► SeNPs significantly reduce bone toxicity in anastrozole treated rats. ► SeNPs successfully prevented osteoporosis in ovariectomized rats. ► SeNP treatment lowered the levels of TRAP and increased the levels of ALKP.

  1. Magnetoacoustic Sensing of Magnetic Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellnberger, Stephan; Rosenthal, Amir; Myklatun, Ahne; Westmeyer, Gil G; Sergiadis, George; Ntziachristos, Vasilis

    2016-03-11

    The interaction of magnetic nanoparticles and electromagnetic fields can be determined through electrical signal induction in coils due to magnetization. However, the direct measurement of instant electromagnetic energy absorption by magnetic nanoparticles, as it relates to particle characterization or magnetic hyperthermia studies, has not been possible so far. We introduce the theory of magnetoacoustics, predicting the existence of second harmonic pressure waves from magnetic nanoparticles due to energy absorption from continuously modulated alternating magnetic fields. We then describe the first magnetoacoustic system reported, based on a fiber-interferometer pressure detector, necessary for avoiding electric interference. The magnetoacoustic system confirmed the existence of previously unobserved second harmonic magnetoacoustic responses from solids, magnetic nanoparticles, and nanoparticle-loaded cells, exposed to continuous wave magnetic fields at different frequencies. We discuss how magnetoacoustic signals can be employed as a nanoparticle or magnetic field sensor for biomedical and environmental applications.

  2. Nanobiotechnology today: focus on nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soloviev Mikhail

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the recent years the nanobiotechnology field and the Journal of Nanobiotechnology readership have witnessed an increase in interest towards the nanoparticles and their biological effects and applications. These include bottom-up and molecular self-assembly, biological effects of naked nanoparticles and nano-safety, drug encapsulation and nanotherapeutics, and novel nanoparticles for use in microscopy, imaging and diagnostics. This review highlights recent Journal of Nanobiotechnology publications in some of these areas http://www.jnanobiotechnology.com.

  3. Nanobiotechnology today: focus on nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soloviev, Mikhail

    2007-12-30

    In the recent years the nanobiotechnology field and the Journal of Nanobiotechnology readership have witnessed an increase in interest towards the nanoparticles and their biological effects and applications. These include bottom-up and molecular self-assembly, biological effects of naked nanoparticles and nano-safety, drug encapsulation and nanotherapeutics, and novel nanoparticles for use in microscopy, imaging and diagnostics. This review highlights recent Journal of Nanobiotechnology publications in some of these areas http://www.jnanobiotechnology.com.

  4. Green Nanoparticles for Mosquito Control

    OpenAIRE

    Namita Soni; Soam Prakash

    2014-01-01

    Here, we have used the green method for synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles. In the present study the silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by using the aqueous bark extract of Indian spice dalchini (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) (C. zyelanicum or C. verum J. Presl). Additionally, we have used these synthesized nanoparticles for mosquito control. The larvicidal activity has been tested against the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi and filariasis vector Culex quinquef...

  5. Glucose biosensor enhanced by nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Glucose biosensors have been formed with glucose oxidase (GOD) immobilized in composite immobilization membrane matrix, which is composed of hydrophobic gold, or hydrophilic gold, or hydrophobic silica nanoparticles, or the combination of gold and silica nanoparticles, and polyvinyl butyral (PVB) by a sol-gel method. The experiments show that nanoparticles can significantly enhance the catalytic activity of the immobilization enzyme. The current response can be increased from tens of nanoamperometer (nA) to thousands of nanoamperometer to the same glucose concentration, and the electrodes respond very quickly, to about 1 min. The function of nanoparticles effect on immobilization enzyme has been discussed.

  6. Glucose biosensor enhanced by nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐芳琼; 孟宪伟; 陈东; 冉均国; 郑昌琼

    2000-01-01

    Glucose biosensors have been formed with glucose oxidase (GOD) immobilized in composite immobilization membrane matrix, which is composed of hydrophobic gold, or hydro-philic gold, or hydrophobic silica nanoparticles, or the combination of gold and silica nanoparticles, and polyvinyl butyral (PVB) by a sol-gel method. The experiments show that nanoparticles can significantly enhance the catalytic activity of the immobilization enzyme. The current response can be increased from tens of nanoamperometer (nA) to thousands of nanoamperometer to the same glucose concentration, and the electrodes respond very quickly, to about 1 min. The function of nanoparticles effect on immobilization enzyme has been discussed.

  7. Lung toxicity of biodegradable nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattal, Elias; Grabowski, Nadége; Mura, Simona; Vergnaud, Juliette; Tsapis, Nicolas; Hillaireau, Hervé

    2014-10-01

    Biodegradable nanoparticles exhibit high potentialities for local or systemic drug delivery through lung administration making them attractive as nanomedicine carriers. However, since particulate matter or some inorganic manufactured nanoparticles exposed to lung cells have provoked cytotoxic effects, inflammatory and oxidative stress responses, it becomes important to investigate nanomedicine toxicity towards the lungs. This is the reason why, in the present review, the behavior of biodegradable nanoparticles towards the different parts of the respiratory tract as well as the toxicological consequences, measured on several models in vitro, ex vivo or in vivo, are described. Taken all together, the different studies carried out so far conclude on no or slight toxicity of biodegradable nanoparticles.

  8. Nanoparticle Reactions on Chip

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köhler, J. M.; Kirner, Th.; Wagner, J.; Csáki, A.; Möller, R.; Fritzsche, W.

    The handling of heterogenous systems in micro reactors is difficult due to their adhesion and transport behaviour. Therefore, the formation of precipitates and gas bubbles has to be avoided in micro reaction technology, in most cases. But, micro channels and other micro reactors offer interesting possibilities for the control of reaction conditions and transport by diffusion and convection due to the laminar flow caused by small Reynolds numbers. This can be used for the preparation and modification of objects, which are much smaller than the cross section of microchannels. The formation of colloidal solutions and the change of surface states of nano particles are two important tasks for the application of chip reactors in nanoparticle technology. Some concepts for the preparation and reaction of nanoparticles in modular chip reactor arrangements will be discussed.

  9. Hydrogel nanoparticle based immunoassay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liotta, Lance A; Luchini, Alessandra; Petricoin, Emanuel F; Espina, Virginia

    2015-04-21

    An immunoassay device incorporating porous polymeric capture nanoparticles within either the sample collection vessel or pre-impregnated into a porous substratum within fluid flow path of the analytical device is presented. This incorporation of capture particles within the immunoassay device improves sensitivity while removing the requirement for pre-processing of samples prior to loading the immunoassay device. A preferred embodiment is coreshell bait containing capture nanoparticles which perform three functions in one step, in solution: a) molecular size sieving, b) target analyte sequestration and concentration, and c) protection from degradation. The polymeric matrix of the capture particles may be made of co-polymeric materials having a structural monomer and an affinity monomer, the affinity monomer having properties that attract the analyte to the capture particle. This device is useful for point of care diagnostic assays for biomedical applications and as field deployable assays for environmental, pathogen and chemical or biological threat identification.

  10. Supercooled smectic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuntsche, Judith; Koch, Michel H J; Fahr, Alfred

    2009-01-01

    , laser diffraction combined with polarizing intensity differential scattering, DSC and SAXS. The morphology of selected formulations was studied by freeze-fracture electron microscopy. All smectic nanoparticles with a mixed cholesterol ester matrix were stable against recrystallization when stored...... in the bulk was studied by polarizing light microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Colloidal dispersions with pure and mixed cholesterol ester matrices were prepared by high-pressure melt homogenization and characterized by photon correlation spectroscopy...... administration of lipophilic drugs, the cytotoxicity of selected formulations was compared with that of a clinically used colloidal fat emulsion (Lipofundin MCT) in the murine fibroblast cell line L929 using the sulforhodamine B assay. The supercooled smectic nanoparticle formulations display a good overall cell...

  11. Nanoparticles and Inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ross Stevenson

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of nanoscale molecular probes capable of diagnosis, characterization, and clinical treatment of disease is leading to a new generation of imaging technologies. Such probes are particularly relevant to inflammation, where the detection of subclinical, early disease states could facilitate speedier detection that could yield enhanced, tailored therapies. Nanoparticles offer robust platforms capable of sensitive detection, and early research has indicated their suitability for the detection of vascular activation and cellular recruitment at subclinical levels. This suggests that nanoparticle techniques may provide excellent biomarkers for the diagnosis and progression of inflammatory diseases with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, fluorescent quantum dots (QDs, and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS probes being just some of the new methodologies employed. Development of these techniques could lead to a range of sensitive probes capable of ultrasensitive, localized detection of inflammation. This article will discuss the merits of each approach, with a general overview to their applicability in inflammatory diseases.

  12. Characterization of starch nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymońska, J.; Targosz-Korecka, M.; Krok, F.

    2009-01-01

    Nanomaterials already attract great interest because of their potential applications in technology, food science and medicine. Biomaterials are biodegradable and quite abundant in nature, so they are favoured over synthetic polymer based materials. Starch as a nontoxic, cheap and renewable raw material is particularly suitable for preparation of nanoparticles. In the paper, the structure and some physicochemical properties of potato and cassava starch particles of the size between 50 to 100 nm, obtained by mechanical treatment of native starch, were presented. We demonstrated, with the aim of the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and the non-contact Atomic Force Microscopy (nc-AFM), that the shape and dimensions of the obtained nanoparticles both potato and cassava starch fit the blocklets - previously proposed as basic structural features of native starch granules. This observation was supported by aqueous solubility and swelling power of the particles as well as their iodine binding capacity similar to those for amylopectin-type short branched polysaccharide species. Obtained results indicated that glycosidic bonds of the branch linkage points in the granule amorphous lamellae might be broken during the applied mechanical treatment. Thus the released amylopectin clusters could escape out of the granules. The starch nanoparticles, for their properties qualitatively different from those of native starch granules, could be utilized in new applications.

  13. Integration of Stem Cell to Chondrocyte-Derived Cartilage Matrix in Healthy and Osteoarthritic States in the Presence of Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rupak Dua

    Full Text Available We investigated the effectiveness of integrating tissue engineered cartilage derived from human bone marrow derived stem cells (HBMSCs to healthy as well as osteoarthritic cartilage mimics using hydroxyapatite (HA nanoparticles immersed within a hydrogel substrate. Healthy and diseased engineered cartilage from human chondrocytes (cultured in agar gels were integrated with human bone marrow stem cell (HBMSC-derived cartilaginous engineered matrix with and without HA, and evaluated after 28 days of growth. HBMSCs were seeded within photopolymerizable poly (ethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA hydrogels. In addition, we also conducted a preliminary in vivo evaluation of cartilage repair in rabbit knee chondral defects treated with subchondral bone microfracture and cell-free PEGDA with and without HA. Under in vitro conditions, the interfacial shear strength between tissue engineered cartilage derived from HBMSCs and osteoarthritic chondrocytes was significantly higher (p < 0.05 when HA nanoparticles were incorporated within the HBMSC culture system. Histological evidence confirmed a distinct spatial transition zone, rich in calcium phosphate deposits. Assessment of explanted rabbit knees by histology demonstrated that cellularity within the repair tissues that had filled the defects were of significantly higher number (p < 0.05 when HA was used. HA nanoparticles play an important role in treating chondral defects when osteoarthritis is a co-morbidity. We speculate that the calcified layer formation at the interface in the osteoarthritic environment in the presence of HA is likely to have attributed to higher interfacial strength found in vitro. From an in vivo standpoint, the presence of HA promoted cellularity in the tissues that subsequently filled the chondral defects. This higher presence of cells can be considered important in the context of accelerating long-term cartilage remodeling. We conclude that HA nanoparticles play an important role in

  14. Gluing Soft Interfaces by Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Zhen; Dobrynin, Andrey

    Using a combination of the molecular dynamics simulations and scaling analysis we studied reinforcement of interface between two soft gel-like materials by spherical nanoparticles. Analysis of the simulations shows that the depth of penetration of a nanoparticle into a gel is determined by a balance of the elastic energy of the gel and nanoparticle deformations and the surface energy of nanoparticle/gel interface. In order to evaluate work of adhesion of the reinforced interface, the potential of mean force for separation of two gels was calculated. These simulations showed that the gel separation proceeds through formation of necks connecting nanoparticle with two gels. The shapes of the necks are controlled by a fine interplay between nanoparticle/gel surface energies and elastic energy of the neck deformation. Our simulations showed that by introducing nanoparticles at soft interfaces, the work required for separation of two gels could be 10-100 times larger than the work of adhesion between two gels without nanoparticle reinforcement. These results provide insight in understanding the mechanism of gluing soft gels and biological tissues by nano- and micro-sized particles. NSF DMR-1409710.

  15. DNA-guided nanoparticle assemblies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gang, Oleg; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Maye, Mathew; van der Lelie, Daniel

    2013-07-16

    In some embodiments, DNA-capped nanoparticles are used to define a degree of crystalline order in assemblies thereof. In some embodiments, thermodynamically reversible and stable body-centered cubic (bcc) structures, with particles occupying nanoparticles linked by nucleic acid sequences and forming an open crystal structure with catalytically active agents attached to the crystal on its surface or in interstices.

  16. Surface Effects in Magnetic Nanoparticles

    CERN Document Server

    Fiorani, Dino

    2005-01-01

    This volume is a collection of articles on different approaches to the investigation of surface effects on nanosized magnetic materials, with special emphasis on magnetic nanoparticles. The book aims to provide an overview of progress in the understanding of surface properties and surface driven effects in magnetic nanoparticles through recent results of different modeling, simulation, and experimental investigations.

  17. Synthesizing nanoparticles by mimicking nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    As particulate matter with at least one dimension that is less than 100 nm, nanoparticles are the minuscule building blocks of new commercial products and consumer materials in the emerging field of nanotechnology. Nanoparticles are being discovered and introduced in the marketpl...

  18. Thermal treatment of magnetite nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Kalska-Szostko

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a thermal treatment process for magnetite nanoparticles in the temperature range of 50–500 °C. The tested magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized using three different methods that resulted in nanoparticles with different surface characteristics and crystallinity, which in turn, was reflected in their thermal durability. The particles were obtained by coprecipitation from Fe chlorides and decomposition of an Fe(acac3 complex with and without a core–shell structure. Three types of ferrite nanoparticles were produced and their thermal stability properties were compared. In this study, two sets of unmodified magnetite nanoparticles were used where crystallinity was as determinant of the series. For the third type of particles, a Ag shell was added. By comparing the coated and uncoated particles, the influence of the metallic layer on the thermal stability of the nanoparticles was tested. Before and after heat treatment, the nanoparticles were examined using transmission electron microscopy, IR spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Based on the obtained results, it was observed that the fabrication methods determine, to some extent, the sensitivity of the nanoparticles to external factors.

  19. Uniform magnetic excitations in nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Hansen, Britt Rosendahl

    2005-01-01

    We have used a spin-wave model to calculate the temperature dependence of the (sublattice) magnetization of magnetic nanoparticles. The uniform precession mode, corresponding to a spin wave with wave vector q=0, is predominant in nanoparticles and gives rise to an approximately linear temperature...... dependence of the (sublattice) magnetization well below the superparamagnetic blocking temperature for both ferro-, ferri-, and antiferromagnetic particles. This is in accordance with the results of a classical model for collective magnetic excitations in nanoparticles. In nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic...... materials, quantum effects give rise to a small deviation from the linear temperature dependence of the (sublattice) magnetization at very low temperatures. The complex nature of the excited precession states of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials, with deviations from antiparallel orientation...

  20. Nanotoxicology of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amedea B. Seabra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This review discusses recent advances in the synthesis, characterization and toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles obtained mainly through biogenic (green processes. The in vitro and in vivo toxicities of these oxides are discussed including a consideration of the factors important for safe use of these nanomaterials. The toxicities of different metal oxide nanoparticles are compared. The importance of biogenic synthesized metal oxide nanoparticles has been increasing in recent years; however, more studies aimed at better characterizing the potent toxicity of these nanoparticles are still necessary for nanosafely considerations and environmental perspectives. In this context, this review aims to inspire new research in the design of green approaches to obtain metal oxide nanoparticles for biomedical and technological applications and to highlight the critical need to fully investigate the nanotoxicity of these particles.

  1. Perylene Nanoparticles Prepared by Reprecipitation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI,Xue-Hai(纪学海); FU,Hong-Bing(付红兵); XIE,Rui-Min(谢锐敏); XIAO,De-Bao(肖德宝); YAO,Jian-Nian(姚建年)

    2002-01-01

    Perylene nanoparticles with different sizes were prepared by reprecipitation method. It is found that the nanoparticles show size-dependent optical property. Electron diffraction patterns indicate that all the nanoparticles of different sizes are in crystalline state. The rapid growth of the nanoparticles during the agingg process could be slowed down effectively by the addition of cationic or anionic surfactants.

  2. Solid lipid nanoparticles for parenteral drug delivery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wissing, S.A.; Kayser, Oliver; Muller, R.H.

    2004-01-01

    This review describes the use of nanoparticles based on solid lipids for the parenteral application of drugs. Firstly, different types of nanoparticles based on solid lipids such as "solid lipid nanoparticles" (SLN), "nanostructured lipid carriers" (NLC) and "lipid drug conjugate" (LDC) nanoparticle

  3. Diag nostic Value of Breast Magnetic Resonance I maging for BI -RADS Non -calcified Malignan t Breast Lseions with Mammography%乳腺MRI对乳腺X线摄影BI-RADS分类中无钙化恶性病变的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁洁

    2014-01-01

    目的:探究乳腺核磁共振成像( MRI)在乳腺X线摄影BI-RADS分类中无钙化恶性病变诊断中的应用价值。方法对76例乳腺X 线摄影BI -RADS 分类中无钙化的恶性病变患者进行MRI 检查,并对结果进行分析。结果 MRI 对恶性无钙化病变诊断敏感性为98.68%,与乳腺X 线摄影(46.06%)相比,差异具有统计学意义(χ2=42.07,P <0.05)。结论 MRI 在无钙化乳腺病变的诊断中优势明显,为无钙化病变乳腺癌患者的诊断提供更准确的影像学依据。%Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of breast magnetic resonance imaging for BI -RADS non-calcified malignant breast lesions with mammography.Methods The MRI examination was performed in all 76 cases of breast mammography non -calcified malignant breast lesions , and the results were analyzed.Results The sensitivity of breast MRI ( 98.68%) for detecting non -calcified malignant breast lesions was higher than mammography (46.06%), with statistical significance (χ2 =42.07, P<0.05).Conlcu sion MRI has the obvious advantages for diagnosis of non -calcified malignant breast lesions , and provides more accurate imaging reference.

  4. Host thin films incorporating nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, Uzma

    The focus of this research project was the investigation of the functional properties of thin films that incorporate a secondary nanoparticulate phase. In particular to assess if the secondary nanoparticulate material enhanced a functional property of the coating on glass. In order to achieve this, new thin film deposition methods were developed, namely use of nanopowder precursors, an aerosol assisted transport technique and an aerosol into atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition system. Aerosol assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) was used to deposit 8 series of thin films on glass. Five different nanoparticles silver, gold, ceria, tungsten oxide and zinc oxide were tested and shown to successfully deposit thin films incorporating nanoparticles within a host matrix. Silver nanoparticles were synthesised and doped within a titania film by AACVD. This improved solar control properties. A unique aerosol assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) into atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (APCVD) system was used to deposit films of Au nanoparticles and thin films of gold nanoparticles incorporated within a host titania matrix. Incorporation of high refractive index contrast metal oxide particles within a host film altered the film colour. The key goal was to test the potential of nanopowder forms and transfer the suspended nanopowder via an aerosol to a substrate in order to deposit a thin film. Discrete tungsten oxide nanoparticles or ceria nanoparticles within a titanium dioxide thin film enhanced the self-cleaning and photo-induced super-hydrophilicity. The nanopowder precursor study was extended by deposition of zinc oxide thin films incorporating Au nanoparticles and also ZnO films deposited from a ZnO nanopowder precursor. Incorporation of Au nanoparticles within a VO: host matrix improved the thermochromic response, optical and colour properties. Composite VC/TiC and Au nanoparticle/V02/Ti02 thin films displayed three useful

  5. Using algae and submerged calcifying water flora for treating neutral to alkaline uranium-contaminated water; Verwendung von Algen und submersen kalzifizierenden Wasserpflanzen zur Aufbereitung neutraler bis basischer uranhaltiger Waesser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dienemann, C.; Dienemann, H.; Stolz, L.; Dudel, E.G. [TU Dresden (DE). Inst. fuer Allgemeine Oekologie und Umweltschutz, Tharandt (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    Elimination of uranium from neutral to alkaline water is a complex technical process involving decarbonation, usually with HCl, followed by uranium removal by adding alkaline substances. In passive water treatment systems, uranium species - which often consist of a combination of oxidation and reduction stages - are not sufficiently considered. Algae and submerged water plants provide a natural alternative. They remove carbon dioxides or hydrogen carbonate, depending on the species, thus reducting the concentrations of the carbonate species. As the uranium species in alkaline water are coupled on the one hand to the carbonate species and on the other hand on the earth alkali metals, algae and submerged calcifying water plants are an excellent preliminary stage as a supplement to conventional passive water treatment systems. For a quantification of this effect, laboratory experiments were made with Cladophara spec. and with uranium concentrations of 100, 250 and 1000 {mu}g U.L{sup -1} at pH 8.3. The pH was adjusted with NaOH resp. Na2CO3 resulting in different uranium species. After 20 minutes, there was a difference in self-absorption between the different species (higher uranium concentration for NaOH than for Na2CO3), which was no longer observeable after 24 h. On the basis of data on the biomass development of macrophytic algae (Cladophora and Microspora) in a flowing river section near Neuensalz/Vogtland district, the final dimensions of a purification stage of this type are assessed. (orig.)

  6. 冈上肌腱钙化性肌腱炎关节镜手术治疗效果观察%Observation on the arthroscopic treatment of supraspinatus calcifying tendinitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟; 肖德明; 伍晓; 张文涛; 江长青; 黄伟; 张新涛; 白露; 江小成

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨肩关节镜手术治疗冈上肌腱钙化性肌腱炎的疗效。方法术前24例均进行三维CT病变定位。术前均在门诊进行美国肩与肘协会评分系统( American shoulder and elbow surgeonsscores,ASES )功能评估、视觉模拟评分法( visual analogue scale,VAS )疼痛评分、肩关节前屈上举、外旋功能评分、及满意度评估;术后门诊随访时,再行同样的功能评估。术中发现24例钙化灶位于冈上肌腱,均行钙化灶清除术、肩峰下滑囊切除及肩峰成形术。所有患者术中均取部分沉着物组织进行病理检查。结果术后伤口平均长度为0.53 cm。病理结果显示为钙化物沉积形成实体,大量炎性细胞增生。24例术后平均随访(21.6±12.2)(3~40)个月。ASES 评分由术前的(50.42±10.10)分提高至术后的(86.50±5.95)分,差异有统计学意义( t=-15.10,P=0.00)。肩关节上举由术前(83.75±12.99)°增加至术后(136.67±11.55)°,差异有统计学意义( t=-10.58,P=0.00)。肩关节外旋由术前(22.92±9.20)°增加至术后(38.33±6.70)°,差异有统计学意义( t=-6.64,P=0.00)。满意度由术前(3.25±1.26)分增至术后(8.00±1.11)分,差异有统计学意义( t=-13.90,P=0.00)。VAS疼痛评分由术前(7.75±1.33)分减少至术后(2.25±1.19)分,差异有统计学意义( t=-15.12,P=0.00)。治疗后患者症状明显改善。结论在关节镜下作钙化灶清除、滑囊切除及肩峰成形术,是治疗冈上肌腱钙化性肌腱炎的一种微创、有效的方法,能减轻患者疼痛,改善活动度。术前进行三维CT能很好地评估钙化物沉积的位置。%Objective To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic treatment of supraspinatus calcifying tendinitis.Methods 24 patients of supraspinatus calcifying tendinitis were reviewed. The leision position was assessed by the three-dimensional CT scans preoperatively. American Shoulder and Elbow

  7. Nanocalorimetry of bismuth nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Eric Ashley

    The properties of nanosized bismuth particles are investigated using a nanocalorimetric technique. A brief description of the experimental method and data analysis procedures is reported. Bismuth nanoparticles are found to melt at a temperature below that of bulk material, but higher than expected using the standard model. Also included is the results of a finite element analysis and simulated melting of bismuth films on various kinds of sensors. Temperature distributions are found to be nonuniform for calorimetric sensors with Al metallizations, but much more uniform for Pt metallized sensors. The consequences of this nonuniformity on caloric data are discussed.

  8. Antibacterial properties of nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajipour, Mohammad J; Fromm, Katharina M; Ashkarran, Ali Akbar; Jimenez de Aberasturi, Dorleta; de Larramendi, Idoia Ruiz; Rojo, Teofilo; Serpooshan, Vahid; Parak, Wolfgang J; Mahmoudi, Morteza

    2012-10-01

    Antibacterial agents are very important in the textile industry, water disinfection, medicine, and food packaging. Organic compounds used for disinfection have some disadvantages, including toxicity to the human body, therefore, the interest in inorganic disinfectants such as metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) is increasing. This review focuses on the properties and applications of inorganic nanostructured materials and their surface modifications, with good antimicrobial activity. Such improved antibacterial agents locally destroy bacteria, without being toxic to the surrounding tissue. We also provide an overview of opportunities and risks of using NPs as antibacterial agents. In particular, we discuss the role of different NP materials.

  9. Nanoparticle enhanced ionic liquid heat transfer fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Elise B.; Visser, Ann E.; Bridges, Nicholas J.; Gray, Joshua R.; Garcia-Diaz, Brenda L.

    2014-08-12

    A heat transfer fluid created from nanoparticles that are dispersed into an ionic liquid is provided. Small volumes of nanoparticles are created from e.g., metals or metal oxides and/or alloys of such materials are dispersed into ionic liquids to create a heat transfer fluid. The nanoparticles can be dispersed directly into the ionic liquid during nanoparticle formation or the nanoparticles can be formed and then, in a subsequent step, dispersed into the ionic liquid using e.g., agitation.

  10. Precise quantification of nanoparticle internalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottstein, Claudia; Wu, Guohui; Wong, Benjamin J; Zasadzinski, Joseph Anthony

    2013-06-25

    Nanoparticles have opened new exciting avenues for both diagnostic and therapeutic applications in human disease, and targeted nanoparticles are increasingly used as specific drug delivery vehicles. The precise quantification of nanoparticle internalization is of importance to measure the impact of physical and chemical properties on the uptake of nanoparticles into target cells or into cells responsible for rapid clearance. Internalization of nanoparticles has been measured by various techniques, but comparability of data between different laboratories is impeded by lack of a generally accepted standardized assay. Furthermore, the distinction between associated and internalized particles has been a challenge for many years, although this distinction is critical for most research questions. Previously used methods to verify intracellular location are typically not quantitative and do not lend themselves to high-throughput analysis. Here, we developed a mathematical model which integrates the data from high-throughput flow cytometry measurements with data from quantitative confocal microscopy. The generic method described here will be a useful tool in biomedical nanotechnology studies. The method was then applied to measure the impact of surface coatings of vesosomes on their internalization by cells of the reticuloendothelial system (RES). RES cells are responsible for rapid clearance of nanoparticles, and the resulting fast blood clearance is one of the major challenges in biomedical applications of nanoparticles. Coating of vesosomes with long chain polyethylene glycol showed a trend for lower internalization by RES cells.

  11. Solventless synthesis of ruthenium nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    García-Peña, Nidia G. [Departmento de Tecnociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cd. Universitaria A.P. 70-186, C.P. 04510 Coyoacán, México D.F. (Mexico); Redón, Rocío, E-mail: rredon@unam.mx [Departmento de Tecnociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cd. Universitaria A.P. 70-186, C.P. 04510 Coyoacán, México D.F. (Mexico); Herrera-Gomez, Alberto [Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Campus Juriquilla, Querétaro (Mexico); Fernández-Osorio, Ana Leticia [FES-Cuautitlán, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Edo. de Mexico (Mexico); Bravo-Sanchez, Mariela; Gomez-Sosa, Gustavo [Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Campus Juriquilla, Querétaro (Mexico)

    2015-06-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Successful synthesis of Ru nanoparticles by a cheap, fast and solventless approach was achieved. • The zero-valent state as well as the by-product/impurity free of the mechanochemical obtained Ru nanoparticles was proven by XPS, TEM and XRD. • Compared to two other synthesis strategies, the above-mentioned synthesis was more suitable to obtain smaller particles with fewer impurities in shorter time. - Abstract: This paper presents a novel solventless method for the synthesis of zero-valent ruthenium nanoparticles Ru(0). The proposed method, although not entirely new in the nanomaterials world, was used for the first time to synthesize zero-valent ruthenium nanoparticles. This new approach has proved to be an environmentally friendly, clean, cheap, fast, and reproducible technique which employs low amounts of solvent. It was optimized through varying amounts of reducing salt on a determined quantity of precursor and measuring the effect of this variation on the average particle size obtained. The resulting products were fully characterized by powder XRD, TEM, HR-TEM, and XPS studies, all of which corroborated the purity of the nanoparticles achieved. In order to verify the advantages of our method over other techniques, we compared our nanoparticles with two common colloidal-synthesized ruthenium nanoparticles.

  12. Synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahadory, Mozhgan

    Improved methods were developed for the synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles. Laboratory experiments were designed for introducing of nanotechnology into the undergraduate curriculum. An optimal set of conditions for the synthesis of clear yellow colloidal silver was investigated. Silver nanoparticles were obtained by borohydride reduction of silver nitrate, a method which produces particles with average size of 12+/-2 nm, determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The plasmon absorbance is at 397 nm and the peak width at half maximum (PWHM) is 70-75 nm. The relationship between aggregation and optical properties was determined along with a method to protect the particles using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). A laboratory experiment was designed in which students synthesize yellow colloidal silver, estimate particle size using visible spectroscopy, and study aggregation effects. The synthesis of the less stable copper nanoparticles is more difficult because copper nanopaticles are easily oxidized. Four methods were used for the synthesis of copper nanoparticles, including chemical reduction with sodium borohydride, sodium borohydride with potassium iodide, isopropyl alcohol with cetyltrimethylammonium bormide (CTAB) and reducing sugars. The latter method was also the basis for an undergraduate laboratory experiment. For each reaction, the dependence of stability of the copper nanoparticles on reagent concentrations, additives, relative amounts of reactants, and temperature is explored. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), TEM and UV-Visible Spectroscopy were used to characterize the copper nanoparticles. A laboratory experiment to produce copper nanoparticles from household chemicals was developed.

  13. Nanopore and nanoparticle catalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, J M; Raja, R

    2001-01-01

    The design, atomic characterization, performance, and relevance to clean technology of two distinct categories of new nanocatalysts are described and interpreted. Exceptional molecular selectivity and high activity are exhibited by these catalysts. The first category consists of extended, crystallographically ordered inorganic solids possessing nanopores (apertures, cages, and channels), the diameters of which fall in the range of about 0.4 to about 1.5 nm, and the second of discrete bimetallic nanoparticles of diameter 1 to 2 nm, distributed more or less uniformly along the inner walls of mesoporous (ca. 3 to 10 nm diameter) silica supports. Using the principles and practices of solid-state and organometallic chemistry and advanced physico-chemical techniques for in situ and ex situ characterization, a variety of powerful new catalysts has been evolved. Apart from those that, inter alia, simulate the behavior of enzymes in their specificity, shape selectivity, regio-selectivity, and ability to function under ambient conditions, many of these new nanocatalysts are also viable as agents for effecting commercially significant processes in a clean, benign, solvent-free, single-step fashion. In particular, a bifunctional, molecular sieve nanopore catalyst is described that converts cyclohexanone in air and ammonia to its oxime and caprolactam, and a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst that selectively converts cyclic polyenes into desirable intermediates. Nanocatalysts in the first category are especially effective in facilitating highly selective oxidations in air, and those in the second are well suited to effecting rapid and selective hydrogenations of a range of organic compounds.

  14. Uniform excitations in magnetic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt

    2010-01-01

    We present a short review of the magnetic excitations in nanoparticles below the superparamagnetic blocking temperature. In this temperature regime, the magnetic dynamics in nanoparticles is dominated by uniform excitations, and this leads to a linear temperature dependence of the magnetization...... and the magnetic hyperfine field, in contrast to the Bloch T3/2 law in bulk materials. The temperature dependence of the average magnetization is conveniently studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The energy of the uniform excitations of magnetic nanoparticles can be studied by inelastic neutron scattering....

  15. Directed Assembly of Gold Nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westerlund, Axel Rune Fredrik; Bjørnholm, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    As a complement to common "top-down" lithography techniques, "bottom-up" assembly techniques are emerging as promising tools to build nanoscale structures in a predictable way. Gold nanoparticles that are stable and relatively easy to synthesize are important building blocks in many such structures...... due to their useful optical and electronic properties. Programmed assembly of gold nanoparticles in one, two, and three dimensions is therefore of large interest. This review focuses on the progress from the last three years in the field of directed gold nanoparticle and nanorod assembly using...

  16. Watching nanoparticle kinetics in liquid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yugang Sun

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Real-time monitoring of reaction kinetics involved in nanoparticle growth and transformation in liquid environments is crucial for understanding the complex chemical and physical events associated with nanophase evolution. Accordingly, in situ techniques that can “see through” liquids to probe nanomaterial variation are in high demand, as they will help us understand reaction mechanisms and design better synthetic strategies for building nanoparticles with precisely tailored properties. In this review, in situ transmission x-ray microscopy and time-resolved high-energy x-ray scattering techniques are discussed, highlight their capabilities in studying the dynamic processes of nanoparticles.

  17. Method of synthesizing tungsten nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoma, Steven G; Anderson, Travis M

    2013-02-12

    A method to synthesize tungsten nanoparticles has been developed that enables synthesis of nanometer-scale, monodisperse particles that can be stabilized only by tetrahydrofuran. The method can be used at room temperature, is scalable, and the product concentrated by standard means. Since no additives or stabilizing surfactants are required, this method is particularly well suited for producing tungsten nanoparticles for dispersion in polymers. If complete dispersion is achieved due to the size of the nanoparticles, then the optical properties of the polymer can be largely maintained.

  18. Electrochemiluminescent metallopolymer-nanoparticle composites: nanoparticle size effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devadoss, Anitha; Dickinson, Calum; Keyes, Tia E; Forster, Robert J

    2011-03-15

    Metallopolymer-gold nanocomposites have been synthesized in which the metal complex-Au nanoparticle (NP) mole ratio is systematically varied by mixing solutions of 4-(dimethylamino) pyridine protected gold nanoparticles and a [Ru(bpy)(2)PVP(10)](2+) metallopolymer; bpy is 2,2'-bipyridyl and PVP is poly-(4-vinylpyridine). The impact of changing the gold nanoparticle diameter ranging from 4.0 ± 0.5 to 12.5 ± 1 nm has been investigated. The photo induced emission of the metallopolymer undergoes static quenching by the metal nanoparticles irrespective of their size. When the volume ratio of Au NP-Ru is 1, the quenching efficiency increases from 38% to 93% on going from 4.0 ± 0.5 to 12.5 ± 1 nm diameter nanoparticles while the radius of the quenching sphere remains unaffected at 75 ± 5 Å. The conductivity of thin films is initially unaffected by nanoparticle incorporation until a percolation threshold is reached at a mole ratio of 4.95 × 10(-2) after which the conductivity increases before reaching a maximum. For thin films of the nanocomposites on electrodes, the electrochemiluminescence intensity of the nanocomposite initially increases as nanoparticles are added before decreasing for the highest loadings. The electrochemiluminescence intensity increases with increasing nanoparticle diameter. The electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emission intensity of the nanocomposite formed using 12.5 nm particles at mole ratios between 5 × 10(-3) and 10 × 10(-3) is approximately 7-fold higher than that found for the parent metallopolymer. The application of these materials for low cost ECL-based point of care devices is discussed.

  19. Cellular Binding of Anionic Nanoparticles is Inhibited by Serum Proteins Independent of Nanoparticle Composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Candace C; Kumar, Umesh; Payne, Christine K

    2013-09-01

    Nanoparticles used in biological applications encounter a complex mixture of extracellular proteins. Adsorption of these proteins on the nanoparticle surface results in the formation of a "protein corona," which can dominate the interaction of the nanoparticle with the cellular environment. The goal of this research was to determine how nanoparticle composition and surface modification affect the cellular binding of protein-nanoparticle complexes. We examined the cellular binding of a collection of commonly used anionic nanoparticles: quantum dots, colloidal gold nanoparticles, and low-density lipoprotein particles, in the presence and absence of extracellular proteins. These experiments have the advantage of comparing different nanoparticles under identical conditions. Using a combination of fluorescence and dark field microscopy, flow cytometry, and spectroscopy, we find that cellular binding of these anionic nanoparticles is inhibited by serum proteins independent of nanoparticle composition or surface modification. We expect these results will aid in the design of nanoparticles for in vivo applications.

  20. Missing Fe: hydrogenated iron nanoparticles

    CERN Document Server

    Bilalbegovic, G; Mohacek-Grosev, V

    2016-01-01

    Although it was found that the FeH lines exist in the spectra of some stars, none of the spectral features in the ISM have been assigned to this molecule. We suggest that iron atoms interact with hydrogen and produce Fe-H nanoparticles which sometimes contain many H atoms. We calculate infrared spectra of hydrogenated iron nanoparticles using density functional theory methods and find broad, overlapping bands. Desorption of H2 could induce spinning of these small Fe-H dust grains. Some of hydrogenated iron nanoparticles posses magnetic and electric moments and should interact with electromagnetic fields in the ISM. Fe_nH_m nanoparticles could contribute to the polarization of the ISM and the anomalous microwave emission. We discuss the conditions required to form FeH and Fe_nH_m in the ISM.

  1. Missing Fe: hydrogenated iron nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilalbegović, G.; Maksimović, A.; Mohaček-Grošev, V.

    2017-03-01

    Although it was found that the FeH lines exist in the spectra of some stars, none of the spectral features in the interstellar medium (ISM) have been assigned to this molecule. We suggest that iron atoms interact with hydrogen and produce Fe-H nanoparticles which sometimes contain many H atoms. We calculate infrared spectra of hydrogenated iron nanoparticles using density functional theory methods and find broad, overlapping bands. Desorption of H2 could induce spinning of these small Fe-H dust grains. Some of hydrogenated iron nanoparticles possess magnetic and electric moments and should interact with electromagnetic fields in the ISM. FenHm nanoparticles could contribute to the polarization of the ISM and the anomalous microwave emission. We discuss the conditions required to form FeH and FenHm in the ISM.

  2. Fundamental investigations of catalyst nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkjær, Christian Fink

    area Cu=ZnO=Al2O3 structure that is difficult to study by TEM. We therefore created size-selected CuZn alloy nanoparticles that were transformed by oxidation and reduction into Cu nanoparticles decorated with ZnO. This represents a simplified model system for the high surface area catalyst...... been unknown. We used nanoreactor technology which allows for simultaneous TEM imaging and activity measurement, also referred to as an Operando experiment. With this we revealed that the shape of the Pt nanoparticles changed in phase with changes in global reaction rate. By the use of reactor modeling...... fundamental understanding of catalytic processes and our ability to make use of that understanding. This thesis presents fundamental studies of catalyst nanoparticles with particular focus on dynamic processes. Such studies often require atomic-scale characterization, because the catalytic conversion takes...

  3. Imaging techniques: Nanoparticle atoms pinpointed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farle, Michael

    2017-02-01

    The locations of atoms in a metallic alloy nanoparticle have been determined using a combination of electron microscopy and image simulation, revealing links between the particle's structure and magnetic properties. See Letter p.75

  4. ADSORPTION OF PROTEIN ON NANOPARTICLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Qi

    1994-01-01

    The adsorption of protein on nanoparticles was studied by using dynamic light scattering to measure the hydrodynamic size of both pure protein and nanoparticles adsorbed with different amounts of protein. The thickness of the adsorbed protein layer increases as protein concentration, but decreases as the initial size of nanoparticles. After properly scaling the thickness with the initial diameter, we are able to fit all experimental data with a single master curve. Our experimental results suggest that the adsorbed proteins form a monolayeron the nanoparticle surface and the adsorbed protein molecules are attached to the particle surface at many points through a possible hydrogen-bonding. Our results also indicate that as protein concentration increases, the overall shape of the adsorbed protein molecule continuously changes from a flat layer on the particle surface to a stretched coil extended into water. During the change, the hydrodynamic volume of the adsorbed protein increases linearly with protein concentration.

  5. SOLID LIPID NANOPARTICLES: A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudavath Hanumanaik*, Sandeep Kumar Patel and K. Ramya Sree

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN are at the forefront of the rapidly developing field of nanotechnology with several potential applications in drug delivery and research. Due to their unique size dependent properties, lipid nanoparticles offer possibility to develop new therapeutics. The ability to incorporate drugs into nanocarriers offers a new prototype in drug delivery that could use for drug targeting. Hence solid lipid nanoparticles hold great promise for reaching the goal of controlled and site specific drug delivery and hence attracted wide attention of researchers. This review presents a broad treatment of solid lipid nanoparticles discussing their aims, production procedures, advantages, limitations and their possible remedies. Appropriate analytical techniques for the characterization of SLN like Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM, and Differential Scanning Calorimetry are highlighted. Aspects of SLN route of administration and the in vivo fate of the carriers are also discussed.

  6. Targeted nanoparticles for colorectal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cisterna, Bruno A.; Kamaly, Nazila; Choi, Won Il;

    2016-01-01

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is highly prevalent worldwide, and despite notable progress in treatment still leads to significant morbidity and mortality. The use of nanoparticles as a drug delivery system has become one of the most promising strategies for cancer therapy. Targeted nanoparticles could...... take advantage of differentially expressed molecules on the surface of tumor cells, providing effective release of cytotoxic drugs. Several efforts have recently reported the use of diverse molecules as ligands on the surface of nanoparticles to interact with the tumor cells, enabling the effective...... delivery of antitumor agents. Here, we present recent advances in targeted nanoparticles against CRC and discuss the promising use of ligands and cellular targets in potential strategies for the treatment of CRCs....

  7. Lipid nanoparticle interactions and assemblies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preiss, Matthew Ryan

    Novel liposome-nanoparticle assemblies (LNAs) provide a biologically inspired route for designing multifunctional bionanotheranostics. LNAs combine the benefits of lipids and liposomes to encapsulate, transport, and protect hydrophilic and hydrophobic therapeutics with functional nanoparticles. Functional nanoparticles endow LNAs with additional capabilities, including the ability to target diseases, triggered drug release, controlled therapeutic output, and diagnostic capabilities to produce a drug delivery system that can effectively and efficiently deliver therapeutics while reducing side effects. Not only could LNAs make existing drugs better, they could also provide an avenue to allow once promising non-approved drugs (rejected due to harmful side effects, inadequate pharmacokinetics, and poor efficacy) to be safely used through targeted and controlled delivery directly to the diseased site. LNAs have the potential to be stimuli responsive, delivering drugs on command by external (ultrasound, RF heating, etc.) or internal (pH, blood sugar, heart rate, etc.) stimuli. Individually, lipids and nanoparticles have been clinically approved for therapy, such as Doxil (a liposomal doxorubicin for cancer treatment), and diagnosis, such as Feridex (an iron oxide nanoparticle an MRI contrast enhancement agent for liver tumors). In order to engineer these multifunctional LNAs for theranostic applications, the interactions between nanoparticles and lipids must be better understood. This research sought to explore the formation, design, structures, characteristics, and functions of LNAs. To achieve this goal, different types of LNAs were formed, specifically magnetoliposomes, bilayer decorated LNAs (DLNAs), and lipid-coated magnetic nanoparticles (LMNPs). A fluorescent probe was embedded in the lipid bilayer of magnetoliposomes allowing the local temperature and membrane fluidity to be observed. When subjected to an electromagnetic field that heated the encapsulated iron

  8. Multiscaffold DNA Origami Nanoparticle Waveguides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    DNA origami templated self-assembly has shown its potential in creating rationally designed nanophotonic devices in a parallel and repeatable manner. In this investigation, we employ a multiscaffold DNA origami approach to fabricate linear waveguides of 10 nm diameter gold nanoparticles. This approach provides independent control over nanoparticle separation and spatial arrangement. The waveguides were characterized using atomic force microscopy and far-field polarization spectroscopy. This work provides a path toward large-scale plasmonic circuitry. PMID:23841957

  9. Exposure to Nanoparticles and Hormesis

    OpenAIRE

    Iavicoli, Ivo; Calabrese, Edward J.; Nascarella, Marc A.

    2010-01-01

    Nanoparticles are particles with lengths that range from 1 to 100 nm. They are increasingly being manufactured and used for commercial purpose because of their novel and unique physicochemical properties. Although nanotechnology-based products are generally thought to be at a pre-competitive stage, an increasing number of products and materials are becoming commercially available. Human exposure to nanoparticles is therefore inevitable as they become more widely used and, as a result, nanotox...

  10. Functionalized magnetic nanoparticle analyte sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yantasee, Wassana; Warner, Maryin G; Warner, Cynthia L; Addleman, Raymond S; Fryxell, Glen E; Timchalk, Charles; Toloczko, Mychailo B

    2014-03-25

    A method and system for simply and efficiently determining quantities of a preselected material in a particular solution by the placement of at least one superparamagnetic nanoparticle having a specified functionalized organic material connected thereto into a particular sample solution, wherein preselected analytes attach to the functionalized organic groups, these superparamagnetic nanoparticles are then collected at a collection site and analyzed for the presence of a particular analyte.

  11. Diamond Synthesis Employing Nanoparticle Seeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uppireddi, Kishore (Inventor); Morell, Gerardo (Inventor); Weiner, Brad R. (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    Iron nanoparticles were employed to induce the synthesis of diamond on molybdenum, silicon, and quartz substrates. Diamond films were grown using conventional conditions for diamond synthesis by hot filament chemical vapor deposition, except that dispersed iron oxide nanoparticles replaced the seeding. This approach to diamond induction can be combined with dip pen nanolithography for the selective deposition of diamond and diamond patterning while avoiding surface damage associated to diamond-seeding methods.

  12. Organophosphorous functionalization of magnetite nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalska-Szostko, B; Rogowska, M; Satuła, D

    2013-11-01

    In this work magnetite nanoparticles covered by gold and silver shell were obtained. Analyzed particles were modified by two kinds of organophosphorous compounds: 3-phosphonopropionic acid and 16-phosphonohexadecanoic acid. Enzyme immobilization on particles modified in such a way was tested. The crystal structure of obtained nanoparticles was characterized by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Possible changes on the surfaces were analyzed by the use of infrared spectroscopy. Magnetic properties were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy.

  13. Count, size and visualize nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Malloy

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Nanoscale materials including nanotubes, nanowires, ceramics, quantum dots etc. can be produced from a huge variety of substances. Responsible development of new materials requires that risks to health and the environment associated with the development, production, use and disposal of these materials are fully addressed. Characterization of particles at the nanoscale thus becomes extremely important and new tools are being made available including the nanoparticle characterization systems from NanoSight and their technology, Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis.

  14. Sonoelectrochemical Synthesis of Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica Sáez

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the nanomaterials that have been prepared to date by pulsed sonoelectrochemistry. The majority of nanomaterials produced by this method are pure metals such as silver, palladium, platinum, zinc, nickel and gold, but more recently the syntheses have been extended to include the preparation of nanosized metallic alloys and metal oxide semiconductors. A major advantage of this methodology is that the shape andsize of the nanoparticles can be adjusted by varying the operating parameters which include ultrasonic power, current density, deposition potential and the ultrasonic vs electrochemical pulse times. Together with these, it is also possible to adjust the pH, temperature and composition of the electrolyte in the sonoelectrochemistry cell.

  15. Biosensors Incorporating Bimetallic Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Rick

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a review of electrochemical bio-sensing for target analytes based on the use of electrocatalytic bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs, which can improve both the sensitivity and selectivity of biosensors. The review moves quickly from an introduction to the field of bio-sensing, to the importance of biosensors in today’s society, the nature of the electrochemical methods employed and the attendant problems encountered. The role of electrocatalysts is introduced with reference to the three generations of biosensors. The contributions made by previous workers using bimetallic constructs, grouped by target analyte, are then examined in detail; following which, the synthesis and characterization of the catalytic particles is examined prior to a summary of the current state of endeavor. Finally, some perspectives for the future of bimetallic NPs in biosensors are given.

  16. Polyelemental nanoparticle libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Peng-Cheng; Liu, Xiaolong; Hedrick, James L.; Xie, Zhuang; Wang, Shunzhi; Lin, Qing-Yuan; Hersam, Mark C.; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Mirkin, Chad A.

    2016-06-01

    Multimetallic nanoparticles are useful in many fields, yet there are no effective strategies for synthesizing libraries of such structures, in which architectures can be explored in a systematic and site-specific manner. The absence of these capabilities precludes the possibility of comprehensively exploring such systems. We present systematic studies of individual polyelemental particle systems, in which composition and size can be independently controlled and structure formation (alloy versus phase-separated state) can be understood. We made libraries consisting of every combination of five metallic elements (Au, Ag, Co, Cu, and Ni) through polymer nanoreactor-mediated synthesis. Important insight into the factors that lead to alloy formation and phase segregation at the nanoscale were obtained, and routes to libraries of nanostructures that cannot be made by conventional methods were developed.

  17. Doped barium titanate nanoparticles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T K Kundu; A Jana; P Barik

    2008-06-01

    We have synthesized nickel (Ni) and iron (Fe) ion doped BaTiO3 nanoparticles through a chemical route using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The concentration of dopant varies from 0 to 2 mole% in the specimens. The results from X-ray diffractograms and transmission electron micrographs show that the particle diameters in the specimen lie in the range 24–40 nm. It is seen that the dielectric permittivity in doped specimens is enhanced by an order of magnitude compared to undoped barium titanate ceramics. The dielectric permittivity shows maxima at 0.3 mole% doping of Fe ion and 0.6 mole% of Ni ion. The unusual dielectric behaviour of the specimens is explained in terms of the change in crystalline structure of the specimens.

  18. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle Photodetector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng-Po Chang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A zinc oxide (ZnO nanoparticle photodetector was fabricated using a simple method. Under a 5 V applied bias, its dark current and photocurrent were 1.98×10-8 and 9.42×10-7 A, respectively. In other words, a photocurrent-to-dark-current contrast ratio of 48 was obtained. Under incident light at a wavelength of 375 nm and a 5 V applied bias, the detector’s measured responsivity was 3.75 A/W. The transient time constants measured during the turn-ON and turn-OFF states were τON=204 s and τOFF=486 s, respectively.

  19. Tumor odontogênico cístico calcificante com proliferação ameloblastomosa em seio maxilar Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor with ameloblastoma proliferation in the maxillary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina Gonçalves Carnasciali

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O tumor odontogênico cístico calcificante (TOCC com proliferação ameloblastomosa é uma variante rara entre os cistos maxilares. Este trabalho objetiva apresentar o relato clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 18 anos de idade, que apresentava aumento de volume extra e intraoral do lado esquerdo da maxila, firme à palpação, de característica normocrômica e indolor. A conduta consistiu em realização de tomografia Cone Beam, biópsia incisional, remoção completa da lesão, curetagem e fixação maxilar. O paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico sem recidiva após doze meses. Dessa forma, ressalta-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce, a conduta clínica empregada e o acompanhamento periódico.Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors (CCOT with proliferative ameloblastoma are a rare variant among maxillary cysts. This study aims to present a clinical report of an 18-year-old male patient with extra and intra oral swelling of the left maxilla, firm to touch, with normochromic characteristics and painless. The clinical approach comprised cone-beam tomography, incisional biopsy, complete removal of the lesion, curettage and maxilla fixation. His clinical and radiographic follow-up has revealed no relapse after 12 months. Hence, this study corroborates the importance of early diagnosis, clinical approach and periodical follow-ups.

  20. Development of polymeric-cationic peptide composite nanoparticles, a nanoparticle-in-nanoparticle system for controlled gene delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Arvind K; Massey, Ashley; Yusuf, Helmy; McDonald, Denise M; McCarthy, Helen O; Kett, Vicky L

    2015-01-01

    We report the formulation of novel composite nanoparticles that combine the high transfection efficiency of cationic peptide-DNA nanoparticles with the biocompatibility and prolonged delivery of polylactic acid-polyethylene glycol (PLA-PEG). The cationic cell-penetrating peptide RALA was used to condense DNA into nanoparticles that were encapsulated within a range of PLA-PEG copolymers. The composite nanoparticles produced exhibited excellent physicochemical properties including size 80%. Images of the composite nanoparticles obtained with a new transmission electron microscopy staining method revealed the peptide-DNA nanoparticles within the PLA-PEG matrix. Varying the copolymers modulated the DNA release rate >6 weeks in vitro. The best formulation was selected and was able to transfect cells while maintaining viability. The effect of transferrin-appended composite nanoparticles was also studied. Thus, we have demonstrated the manufacture of composite nanoparticles for the controlled delivery of DNA.

  1. Interaction of nanoparticles with proteins: relation to bio-reactivity of the nanoparticle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saptarshi, Shruti R; Duschl, Albert; Lopata, Andreas L

    2013-07-19

    Interaction of nanoparticles with proteins is the basis of nanoparticle bio-reactivity. This interaction gives rise to the formation of a dynamic nanoparticle-protein corona. The protein corona may influence cellular uptake, inflammation, accumulation, degradation and clearance of the nanoparticles. Furthermore, the nanoparticle surface can induce conformational changes in adsorbed protein molecules which may affect the overall bio-reactivity of the nanoparticle. In depth understanding of such interactions can be directed towards generating bio-compatible nanomaterials with controlled surface characteristics in a biological environment. The main aim of this review is to summarise current knowledge on factors that influence nanoparticle-protein interactions and their implications on cellular uptake.

  2. Preparation of Gold Nanoparticles Protected with Polyelectrolyte

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Ping SUN; Zhe Ling ZHANG; Bai Lin ZHANG; Xian Dui DONG; Shao Jun DONG; Er Kang WANG

    2003-01-01

    Gold nanoparticles were synthesized through the reduction of tetrachlorauric acid (HAuCl4) by NaBH4, with polyethyleneimine(PEI) as stabilizer. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy(AFM).

  3. Nanoparticles from the gasphase formation, structure, properties

    CERN Document Server

    Lorke, Axel; Schmechel, Roland; Schulz, Christof

    2012-01-01

    This book offers a broad overview of the complete production and value chain from nanoparticle formation to integration in products and devices, and offers deep insight into the fabrication, characterization and application of nanoparticles from the gasphase.

  4. Titanium nitride nanoparticles for therapeutic applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guler, Urcan; Kildishev, Alexander V.; Boltasseva, Alexandra;

    2014-01-01

    Titanium nitride nanoparticles exhibit plasmonic resonances in the biological transparency window where high absorption efficiencies can be obtained with small dimensions. Both lithographic and colloidal samples are examined from the perspective of nanoparticle thermal therapy. © 2014 OSA....

  5. Nanoparticles Ease Aching Joints in Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161188.html Nanoparticles Ease Aching Joints in Mice Treatment might one ... News) -- New research in mice suggests that tiny nanoparticles might one day be a better way to ...

  6. Endotoxin hitchhiking on polymer nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnell, Mason L.; Lyon, Andrew J.; Mormile, Melanie R.; Barua, Sutapa

    2016-07-01

    The control of microbial infections is critical for the preparation of biological media including water to prevent lethal septic shock. Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. More than half a million patients suffer from sepsis every year. Both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are responsible for septic infection by the most common organisms i.e., Escherichia coli and Pseuodomonas aeruginosa. The bacterial cell membrane releases negatively charged endotoxins upon death and enzymatic destruction, which stimulate antigenic response in humans to gram-negative infections. Several methods including distillation, ethylene oxide treatment, filtration and irradiation have been employed to remove endotoxins from contaminated samples, however, the reduction efficiency remains low, and presents a challenge. Polymer nanoparticles can be used to overcome the current inability to effectively sequester endotoxins from water. This process is termed endotoxin hitchhiking. The binding of endotoxin on polymer nanoparticles via electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions offers efficient removal from water. However, the effect of polymer nanoparticles and its surface areas has not been investigated for removal of endotoxins. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymer was tested for its ability to effectively bind and remove endotoxins from water. By employing a simple one-step phase separation technique, we were able to synthesize PCL nanoparticles of 398.3 ± 95.13 nm size and a polydispersity index of 0.2. PCL nanoparticles showed ∼78.8% endotoxin removal efficiency, the equivalent of 3.9 × 105 endotoxin units (EU) per ml. This is 8.34-fold more effective than that reported for commercially available membranes. Transmission electron microscopic images confirmed binding of multiple endotoxins to the nanoparticle surface. The concept of using nanoparticles may be applicable not only to eliminate gram-negative bacteria, but also for any gram

  7. Dynamic nanoparticle assemblies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Libing; Xu, Liguang; Kuang, Hua; Xu, Chuanlai; Kotov, Nicholas A

    2012-11-20

    Although nanoparticle (NP) assemblies are at the beginning of their development, their unique geometrical shapes and media-responsive optical, electronic, and magnetic properties have attracted significant interest. Nanoscale assembly bridges multiple levels of hierarchy of materials: individual nanoparticles, discrete molecule-like or virus-like nanoscale agglomerates, microscale devices, and macroscale materials. The capacity to self-assemble can greatly facilitate the integration of nanotechnology with other technologies and, in particular, with microscale fabrication. In this Account, we describe developments in the emerging field of dynamic NP assemblies, which are spontaneously form superstructures containing more than two inorganic nanoscale particles that display the ability to change their geometrical, physical, chemical, and other attributes. In many ways, dynamic assemblies can represent a bottleneck in the "bottom-up" fabrication of NP-based devices because they can produce a much greater variety of assemblies, but they also provide a convenient tool for variation of geometries and dimensions of nanoparticle assemblies. Superstructures of NPs (and those held together by similar intrinsic forces)are classified into two groups: Class 1 where media and external fields can alter shape, conformation, and order of stable super structures with a nearly constant number of NPs or Class 2 where the total number of NPs changes, while the organizational motif in the final superstructure remains the same. The future development of successful dynamic assemblies requires understanding the equilibrium in dynamic NP systems. The dynamic nature of Class 1 assemblies is associated with the equilibrium between different conformations of a superstructure and is comparable to the isomerization in classical chemistry. Class 2 assemblies involve the formation or breakage of linkages between the NPs, which is analogous to the classical chemical equilibrium for the formation of

  8. PREPARATION OF POLYALKYLCYANOACRYLATE NANOPARTICLES WITH VARIOUS MORPHOLOGIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing-lin Xu; He-xian Li; Guo-chang Wang

    2011-01-01

    The effects of various reaction conditions on the preparation of polyalkylcyanoacrylate (PACA) nanoparticles are studied. The PACA nanoparticles with different crosslinking degrees and morphology are prepared. Addition of crosslinkers can not only adjust the particle size, but also change the morphology of PACA nanoparticles. Moreover, the loose network structure of the PACA nanoparticles with “core/shell-like” morphology is investigated by AFM and TEM in detail.

  9. Alloy nanoparticle synthesis using ionizing radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nenoff, Tina M.; Powers, Dana A.; Zhang, Zhenyuan

    2011-08-16

    A method of forming stable nanoparticles comprising substantially uniform alloys of metals. A high dose of ionizing radiation is used to generate high concentrations of solvated electrons and optionally radical reducing species that rapidly reduce a mixture of metal ion source species to form alloy nanoparticles. The method can make uniform alloy nanoparticles from normally immiscible metals by overcoming the thermodynamic limitations that would preferentially produce core-shell nanoparticles.

  10. High surface area fibrous silica nanoparticles

    KAUST Repository

    Polshettiwar, Vivek

    2014-11-11

    Disclosed are high surface area nanoparticles that have a fibrous morphology. The nanoparticles have a plurality of fibers, wherein each fiber is in contact with one other fiber and each fiber has a length of between about 1 nm and about 5000 nm. Also disclosed are applications of the nanoparticles of the present invention, and methods of fabrication of the nanoparticles of the present invention.

  11. Novel Properties of Photochromic Spirooxazine Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yuan-Yuan; FAN Mei-Gong; ZHANG Chang-Rui; SHENG Xiao-Hai; YAO Jian-Nian

    2007-01-01

    The nanoparticles of a spirooxazine (SPO) and its photomerocyanine (PMC) were prepared through the reprecipitation method. Two distinct features were observed. One is that the decaying lifetime for PMC nanoparticles was 600 times of that for the dispersed molecules, and the other is that the fluorescence intensity of SPO nanoparticles was enhanced by 240 times of that of the dispersed monomer.

  12. Lactobacillus assisted synthesis of titanium nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, K.; Jha, Anal K.; Kulkarni, A. R.

    2007-05-01

    An eco-friendly lactobacillus sp. (microbe) assisted synthesis of titanium nanoparticles is reported. The synthesis is performed at room temperature. X-ray and transmission electron microscopy analyses are performed to ascertain the formation of Ti nanoparticles. Individual nanoparticles as well as a number of aggregates almost spherical in shape having a size of 40 60 nm are found.

  13. Tannin biosynthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera-Becerra, R.; Rius, J. L.; Zorrilla, C.

    2010-08-01

    In this work, iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized with gallic acid and tannic acid are characterized using High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM). Its size, form, and structure are compared with nanoparticles obtained previously using alfalfa biomass in order to find a simpler, consistent, and environmentally friendly method in the production of iron oxide nanoparticles.

  14. [Magnetic nanoparticles and intracellular delivery of biopolymers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornev, A A; Dubina, M V

    2014-03-01

    The basic methods of intracellular delivery of biopolymers are present in this review. The structure and synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles, their stabilizing surfactants are described. The examples of the interaction of nanoparticles with biopolymers such as nucleic acids and proteins are considered. The final part of the review is devoted to problems physiology and biocompatibility of magnetic nanoparticles.

  15. Peptides and metallic nanoparticles for biomedical applications.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kogan, M.J.; Olmedo, I.; Hosta, L.; Guerrero, A.R.; Cruz Ricondo, L.J.; Albericio, F.

    2007-01-01

    In this review, we describe the contribution of peptides to the biomedical applications of metallic nanoparticles. We also discuss strategies for the preparation of peptide-nanoparticle conjugates and the synthesis of the peptides and metallic nanoparticles. An overview of the techniques used for th

  16. Incorporated Organic Modified Ag Nanoparticles in Ormocer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haiping XIA; Jianli ZHANG; Jinhao WANG; Qiuhua NIE

    2004-01-01

    Ag nanoparticles coated trisodium citrate were incorporated in ormocer by sol-gel method. The doping concentration of Ag in ormocer is about 1.0% in weight. The HRTFM demonstrated that the particles disperse in ormocer, and the size of Ag nanoparticles is 5~10 nm. The absorption band of Ag nanoparticle at 410 nm was observed.

  17. Gold nanoparticles for tumour detection and treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartsuiker, L.; Petersen, W.; Jose, J.; Es, van P.; Lenferink, A.; Poot, A.A.; Terstappen, L.W.M.M.; Manohar, S.; Otto, C.; Leeuwen, van T.G.

    2011-01-01

    The use of nanoparticles in biomedical applications is emerging rapidly. Recent developments have led to numerous studies of noble metal nanoparticles, down to the level of single molecule detection in living cells. The application of noble metal nanoparticles in diagnostics and treatment of early s

  18. Nanoparticle-mediated treatment for inflammatory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    The present invention provides nanoparticles for treatment of inflammatory diseases. The nanoparticles preferably comprise chitosan and a siRNA targeting a mRNA encoding a pro-inflammatory cytokine, such as e.g. tnf-alfa. A preferred route of administration of the nanoparticles is by injection...

  19. Supersonic flow imaging via nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Due to influence of compressibility,shock wave,instabilities,and turbulence on supersonic flows, current flow visualization and imaging techniques encounter some problems in high spatiotemporal resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio(SNR)measurements.Therefore,nanoparticle based planar laser scattering method(NPLS)is developed here.The nanoparticles are used as tracer,and pulse planar laser is used as light source in NPLS;by recording images of particles in flow field with CCD, high spatiotemporal resolution supersonic flow imaging is realized.The flow-following ability of nanoparticles in supersonic flows is studied according to multiphase flow theory and calibrating experiment of oblique shock wave.The laser scattering characteristics of nanoparticles are analyzed with light scattering theory.The results of theoretical and experimental studies show that the dynamic behavior and light scattering characteristics of nanoparticles highly enhance the spatiotemporal resolution and SNR of NPLS,with which the flow field involving shock wave,expansion,Mach disk,boundary layer,sliding-line,and mixing layer can be imaged clearly at high spatiotemporal resolution.

  20. Magnetic nanoparticles for "smart liposomes".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Yoshitaka; Mustapić, Mislav; Ebrahimian, Haleh; Wagner, Pawel; Kim, Jung Ho; Hossain, Md Shahriar Al; Horvat, Joseph; Martinac, Boris

    2015-12-01

    Liposomal drug delivery systems (LDDSs) are promising tools used for the treatment of diseases where highly toxic pharmacological agents are administered. Currently, destabilising LDDSs by a specific stimulus at a target site remains a major challenge. The bacterial mechanosensitive channel of large conductance (MscL) presents an excellent candidate biomolecule that could be employed as a remotely controlled pore-forming nanovalve for triggered drug release from LDDSs. In this study, we developed superparamagnetic nanoparticles for activation of the MscL nanovalves by magnetic field. Synthesised CoFe2O4 nanoparticles with the radius less than 10 nm were labelled by SH groups for attachment to MscL. Activation of MscL by magnetic field with the nanoparticles attached was examined by the patch clamp technique showing that the number of activated channels under ramp pressure increased upon application of the magnetic field. In addition, we have not observed any cytotoxicity of the nanoparticles in human cultured cells. Our study suggests the possibility of using magnetic nanoparticles as a specific trigger for activation of MscL nanovalves for drug release in LDDSs.

  1. APPLICATION OF NANOPARTICLES IN BIOMEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. G. Telegeeva

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The advances in nanotechnology, particularly, application in biomedicine are described in the review. The characteristic of the new drug delivery systems is given including lipid, protein and polymer nanoparticles which provide stable delivery of drugs to the target of distribution in the body and prevent their rapid degradation. The advantages of nanometer scale vectors were analyzed. Due to their small size, structure and large surface area, nanoscale materials acquire necessary physico-chemical properties. These properties allow the nanoparticles, containing specific agents, to overcome the limitations existing for the forms of large sizes. This significantly facilitates the intracellular transport to specific cellular targets. Controlled deli very to the place of action and reduction of exposure time on non-target tissues increases efficacy and reduces toxicity and other side effects, which improves the patient's overall health. Use of different ways to deliver nanoparticles allows to deliver low-molecular drugs, proteins, peptides or nucleic acids to specific tissues. Various ways of nanodrugs delivery to a cell and the possibility of modifying their surface by target ligands are discussed in the review. Types of drug delivery systems: microsponges, viruses, imunoconjugates, liposomes, metal nanoparticles and quantum dots, dendrimers, natural and synthetic polymeric nanoparticles, etc are discussed. A large variety of nanovectors, as well as their modification, and loading of various drugs (the methods of inclusion and adsorption are examined, control of their release into the cell, opens prospects for their wide application for visualization of biological processes, diagnosis and therapy of wide range of diseases.

  2. Nanoparticles in Cancer Imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Bakhshayeshkaram

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field as a combination of engineering, biology and medicine. It manipulates atoms and molecules to create devices at atomic, molecular and supramolecular levels for potential clinical use. Cancer nanotechnology as the latest trend in cancer diagnosis and treatment has provided nanoscale tools like biosensors, dendrimers, quantum dots and magnetic nanoparticles such as iron oxide with unique optical, magnetic and electronic properties. They are 100 to 1,000-fold smaller than cancer cells and may be conjugated with several functional molecules like imaging probes, specific ligands and antibodies. The capability of transferring through leaky blood vessels, passive and active targeting, intracellular delivery and subcellular localization has made them dual-purpose and multifunctional probes in cancer. Conventional imaging techniques such as CT and MRI using nontargeted contrast agents have limitations in early and accurate diagnosis and monitoring of treatment that may be eventually removed through the use of nanostructures' properties."nCancer diagnosis in an early stage, which influences the patient's survival, is possible earlier than ever imaginable. For example in contrast to mammography, which can detect breast cancer when it has at least 1000,000 cells, these new tools can accurately detect the tumor when it has less than 100 cells. "nThis article is a review on applications of nanotechnology, as a rapidly growing field for cancer imaging in medicine contributing to the early detection of cancer cells through available imaging techniques.

  3. Nanoparticle toxicity and cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevenslik, T.

    2011-07-01

    Nanoparticles (NPs) have provided significant advancements in cancer treatment. But as in any technology, there is a darkside. Experiments have shown NPs in body fluids pose a health risk by causing DNA damage that in of itself may lead to cancer. To avoid the dilemma that NPs are toxic to both cancer cells and DNA alike, the mechanism of NP toxicity must be understood so that the safe use of NPs may go forward. Reactive oxidative species (ROS) of peroxide and hydroxyl radicals damage the DNA by chemical reaction, but require NPs provide energies of about 5 eV not possible by surface effects. Only electromagnetic (EM) radiations beyond ultraviolet (UV) levels may explain the toxicity of NPs. Indeed, experiments show DNA damage from radiation, Hence, it is reasonable to hypothesize that NPs produce their own source of UV radiation, albeit at low intensity. Ionizing radiation from NPs at UV levels is consistent with the theory of QED induced EM radiation. QED stands for quantum electrodynamics. By this theory, fine radiation need not be limited to natural or man-made NPs. Extensions suggest UV radiation is produced from biological NPs within the body, e.g., enzyme induced fragmentation of epithelial tissue, exocytosis of small proteins, and ironically, the same molecular markers used to detect cancer itself.

  4. Metal Nanoparticle Aerogel Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David D.; Sibille, Laurent; Ignont, Erica; Snow, Lanee; Rose, M. Franklin (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    We have fabricated sol-gels containing gold and silver nanoparticles. Formation of an aerogel produces a blue shift in the surface plasmon resonance as a result of the decrease in the dielectric constant of the matrix upon supercritical extraction of the solvent. However, as a result of chemical interface damping this blue shift does not obey effective medium theories. Annealing the samples in a reducing atmosphere at 400 C eliminates this discrepancy and results in narrowing and further blue shifting of the plasmon resonance. Metal particle aggregation also results in a deviation from the predictions of effective medium theories, but can be controlled through careful handling and by avoiding the use of alcohol. By applying effective medium theories to the heterogeneous interlayer surrounding each metal particle, we extend the technique of immersion spectroscopy to inhomogeneous materials characterized by spatially dependent dielectric constants, such as aerogels. We demonstrate that the shift in the surface plasmon wavelength provides the average fractional composition of each component (air and silica) in this inhomogeneous layer, i.e. the porosity of the aerogel or equivalently, for these materials, the catalytic dispersion. Additionally, the kinetics suggest that collective particle interactions in coagulated metal clusters are perturbed during silica gelation resulting in a change in the aggregate geometry.

  5. Synthesis of nanoparticles using ethanol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Jia Xu

    2017-01-24

    The present disclosure relates to methods for producing nanoparticles. The nanoparticles may be made using ethanol as the solvent and the reductant to fabricate noble-metal nanoparticles with a narrow particle size distributions, and to coat a thin metal shell on other metal cores. With or without carbon supports, particle size is controlled by fine-tuning the reduction power of ethanol, by adjusting the temperature, and by adding an alkaline solution during syntheses. The thickness of the added or coated metal shell can be varied easily from sub-monolayer to multiple layers in a seed-mediated growth process. The entire synthesis of designed core-shell catalysts can be completed using metal salts as the precursors with more than 98% yield; and, substantially no cleaning processes are necessary apart from simple rinsing. Accordingly, this method is considered to be a "green" chemistry method.

  6. Magnetic nanoparticles in medical nanorobotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martel, Sylvain

    2015-02-01

    Medical nanorobotics is a field of robotics that exploits the physics at the nanoscale to implement new functionalities in untethered robotic agents aimed for ultimate operations in constrained physiological environments of the human body. The implementation of such new functionalities is achieved by embedding specific nano-components in such robotic agents. Because magnetism has been and still widely used in medical nanorobotics, magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) in particular have shown to be well suited for this purpose. To date, although such magnetic nanoparticles play a critical role in medical nanorobotics, no literature has addressed specifically the use of MNP in medical nanorobotic agents. As such, this paper presents a short introductory tutorial and review of the use of magnetic nanoparticles in the field of medical nanorobotics with some of the related main functionalities that can be embedded in nanorobotic agents.

  7. Inductive heating of conductive nanoparticles

    CERN Document Server

    Nordebo, Sven

    2016-01-01

    We consider the heating of biological tissue by injecting gold nanoparticles and subjecting the system to an electromagnetic field in the radio frequency spectrum. There are results that indicate that small conducting particles can substantially increase the heating locally and thus provide a method to treat cancer. However, recently there are also other publications that question whether metal nanoparticles can be heated in radiofrequency at all. This paper presents a simplified analysis and some interesting observations regarding the classical electromagnetic background to this effect. Here, it is assumed that the related dipole effects are based solely on conducting nanospheres that are embedded in a surrounding medium. From this point of view it is concluded that the effect of using a capactive coupling i.e., a strong electric field to induce electric dipoles can be disregarded unless the volume fraction of the gold nanoparticles is unrealistically high or if there are some other external electric dipole ...

  8. Green chemistry for nanoparticle synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Haohong; Wang, Dingsheng; Li, Yadong

    2015-08-21

    The application of the twelve principles of green chemistry in nanoparticle synthesis is a relatively new emerging issue concerning the sustainability. This field has received great attention in recent years due to its capability to design alternative, safer, energy efficient, and less toxic routes towards synthesis. These routes have been associated with the rational utilization of various substances in the nanoparticle preparations and synthetic methods, which have been broadly discussed in this tutorial review. This article is not meant to provide an exhaustive overview of green synthesis of nanoparticles, but to present several pivotal aspects of synthesis with environmental concerns, involving the selection and evaluation of nontoxic capping and reducing agents, the choice of innocuous solvents and the development of energy-efficient synthetic methods.

  9. Catalytic activity of Au nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Britt Hvolbæk; Janssens, Ton V.W.; Clausen, Bjerne;

    2007-01-01

    Au is usually viewed as an inert metal, but surprisingly it has been found that Au nanoparticles less than 3–5 nm in diameter are catalytically active for several chemical reactions. We discuss the origin of this effect, focusing on the way in which the chemical activity of Au may change with par......Au is usually viewed as an inert metal, but surprisingly it has been found that Au nanoparticles less than 3–5 nm in diameter are catalytically active for several chemical reactions. We discuss the origin of this effect, focusing on the way in which the chemical activity of Au may change...... with particle size. We find that the fraction of low-coordinated Au atoms scales approximately with the catalytic activity, suggesting that atoms on the corners and edges of Au nanoparticles are the active sites. This effect is explained using density functional calculations....

  10. Lymphatic Biodistribution of Polylactide Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric J. Chaney

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Tumor metastases occur through both the cardiovascular and lymphatic circulations. However, the majority of nanoparticle biodistribution studies have been focused on the cardiovascular circulation. In this study, we report the formulation of Cy5-labeled polylactide (Cy5-PLA nanoparticles with controlled size and surface features and the subsequent evaluation of their lymphatic biodistribution. Cy5-PLA nanoparticles were formulated through Cy5/(BDIZnN(TMS2-mediated [(BDI = 2-((2,6-diisopropylphenyl amido-4-((2,6-diisopropylphenyl-imino-2-pentene] ring-opening polymerization of lactide followed by nanoprecipitation. Their lymphatic biodistribution was evaluated by using whole-body fluorescence imaging of nude mice and ex vivo fluorescence imaging of the resected organs. This technique has the potential for providing optical contrast and drug delivery through the lymphatic circulation for the treatment of metastatic cancer.

  11. Magnetic nanoparticles in medical nanorobotics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martel, Sylvain, E-mail: sylvain.martel@polymtl.ca [Polytechnique Montréal, NanoRobotics Laboratory, Department of Computer and Software Engineering, Institute of Biomedical Engineering (Canada)

    2015-02-15

    Medical nanorobotics is a field of robotics that exploits the physics at the nanoscale to implement new functionalities in untethered robotic agents aimed for ultimate operations in constrained physiological environments of the human body. The implementation of such new functionalities is achieved by embedding specific nano-components in such robotic agents. Because magnetism has been and still widely used in medical nanorobotics, magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) in particular have shown to be well suited for this purpose. To date, although such magnetic nanoparticles play a critical role in medical nanorobotics, no literature has addressed specifically the use of MNP in medical nanorobotic agents. As such, this paper presents a short introductory tutorial and review of the use of magnetic nanoparticles in the field of medical nanorobotics with some of the related main functionalities that can be embedded in nanorobotic agents.

  12. Fabrication of Metallic Hollow Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jae-Woo (Inventor); Choi, Sr., Sang H. (Inventor); Lillehei, Peter T. (Inventor); Chu, Sang-Hyon (Inventor); Park, Yeonjoon (Inventor); King, Glen C. (Inventor); Elliott, James R. (Inventor)

    2016-01-01

    Metal and semiconductor nanoshells, particularly transition metal nanoshells, are fabricated using dendrimer molecules. Metallic colloids, metallic ions or semiconductors are attached to amine groups on the dendrimer surface in stabilized solution for the surface seeding method and the surface seedless method, respectively. Subsequently, the process is repeated with additional metallic ions or semiconductor, a stabilizer, and NaBH.sub.4 to increase the wall thickness of the metallic or semiconductor lining on the dendrimer surface. Metallic or semiconductor ions are automatically reduced on the metallic or semiconductor nanoparticles causing the formation of hollow metallic or semiconductor nanoparticles. The void size of the formed hollow nanoparticles depends on the dendrimer generation. The thickness of the metallic or semiconductor thin film around the dendrimer depends on the repetition times and the size of initial metallic or semiconductor seeds.

  13. Applications of Thermoresponsive Magnetic Nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Yildiz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, magnetic nanoparticles carrying thermoresponsive polymeric coatings have gained increasing attention in material sciences due to the fact that resultant platforms offer controllable modalities such as imaging, drug delivery, and magnetic separation. As a result, novel materials including biosensors, therapeutic platforms, imaging agents, and magnetic separators have been realized. Since the number of publications reporting the applications of thermoresponsive magnetic nanoparticle has increased steadily over the years, a comprehensive review will be beneficial. In this paper, we aim to review publications studying applications of thermoresponsive nanoparticles in biomedical sciences as well as in environmental and chemical sciences. The paper also briefly discusses chemical formulations, characterizations, and properties of the thermoresponsive magnetic particles and then provides future outlooks.

  14. Polymer Functionalized Nanoparticles in Polymer Nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayaraman, Arthi

    2013-03-01

    Significant interest has grown around the ability to control spatial arrangement of nanoparticles in a polymer nanocomposite to engineer materials with target properties. Past work has shown that one could achieve controlled assembly of nanoparticles in the polymer matrix by functionalizing nanoparticle surfaces with homopolymers. This talk will focus on our recent work using Polymer Reference Interaction Site Model (PRISM) theory and Monte Carlo simulations and GPU-based molecular dynamics simulations to specifically understand how heterogeneity in the polymer functionalization in the form of a) copolymers with varying monomer chemistry and monomer sequence, and b) polydispersity in homopolymer grafts can tune effective interactions between functionalized nanoparticles, and the assembly of functionalized nanoparticles.

  15. Novel Terbium Chelate Doped Fluorescent Silica Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning Qiaoyu; Meng Jianxin; Wang Haiming; Liu Yingliang; Man Shiqing

    2006-01-01

    Novel terbium chelate doped silica fluorescent nanoparticles were prepared and characterized.The preparation was carried out in water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion containing monomer precursor (pAB-DTPAA-APTEOS), Triton X-100, n-hexanol, and cyclohexane by controlling copolymerization of tetraethyl orthosilicate and 3-aminopropyl-triethyloxysilane.The nanoparticles are spherical and uniform in size, about 30 nm in diameter, strongly fluorescent, and highly stable.The amino groups directly introduced to the surface of the nanoparticles using APTEOS during preparation made the surface modification and bioconjugation of the nanoparticles easier.The nanoparticles are expected as an efficient time-resolved luminescence biological label.

  16. Fabrication of transparent ceramics using nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherepy, Nerine J; Tillotson, Thomas M; Kuntz, Joshua D; Payne, Stephen A

    2012-09-18

    A method of fabrication of a transparent ceramic using nanoparticles synthesized via organic acid complexation-combustion includes providing metal salts, dissolving said metal salts to produce an aqueous salt solution, adding an organic chelating agent to produce a complexed-metal sol, heating said complexed-metal sol to produce a gel, drying said gel to produce a powder, combusting said powder to produce nano-particles, calcining said nano-particles to produce oxide nano-particles, forming said oxide nano-particles into a green body, and sintering said green body to produce the transparent ceramic.

  17. Cytotoxic Effects of Fucoidan Nanoparticles against Osteosarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryuichiro Kimura

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we analyzed the size-dependent bioactivities of fucoidan by comparing the cytotoxic effects of native fucoidan and fucoidan lipid nanoparticles on osteosarcoma in vitro and in vivo. In vitro experiments indicated that nanoparticle fucoidan induced apoptosis of an osteosarcoma cell line more efficiently than native fucoidan. The more potent effects of nanoparticle fucoidan, relative to native fucoidan, were confirmed in vivo using a xenograft osteosarcoma model. Caco-2 cell transport studies showed that permeation of nanoparticle fucoidan was higher than native fucoidan. The higher bioactivity and superior bioavailability of nanoparticle fucoidan could potentially be utilized to develop novel therapies for osteosarcoma.

  18. Magnetism in nanoparticles: tuning properties with coatings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespo, Patricia; de la Presa, Patricia; Marín, Pilar; Multigner, Marta; Alonso, José María; Rivero, Guillermo; Yndurain, Félix; González-Calbet, José María; Hernando, Antonio

    2013-12-04

    This paper reviews the effect of organic and inorganic coatings on magnetic nanoparticles. The ferromagnetic-like behaviour observed in nanoparticles constituted by materials which are non-magnetic in bulk is analysed for two cases: (a) Pd and Pt nanoparticles, formed by substances close to the onset of ferromagnetism, and (b) Au and ZnO nanoparticles, which were found to be surprisingly magnetic at the nanoscale when coated by organic surfactants. An overview of theories accounting for this unexpected magnetism, induced by the nanosize influence, is presented. In addition, the effect of coating magnetic nanoparticles with biocompatible metals, oxides or organic molecules is also reviewed, focusing on their applications.

  19. Spin Structures in Magnetic Nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Brok, Erik; Frandsen, Cathrine

    2013-01-01

    canting and hence a reduced magnetization. Moreover, relaxation between almost degenerate canted spin states can lead to anomalous temperature dependences of the magnetization at low temperatures. In ensembles of nanoparticles, interparticle exchange interactions can also result in spin reorientation......Spin structures in nanoparticles of ferrimagnetic materials may deviate locally in a nontrivial way from ideal collinear spin structures. For instance, magnetic frustration due to the reduced numbers of magnetic neighbors at the particle surface or around defects in the interior can lead to spin...

  20. Thermodynamics of the nanoparticle consolidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisovsky A.F.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Thermodynamic functions have been derived that describe the processes of nanoparticle consolidation in solid-mobile phase two- and three-phase dispersed systems. An expression for the shrinkage pressure in a two-phase dispersed system has been deduced, which allows one to calculate stresses generating in the bulk of heterophase composite materials in the course of the nanoparticle consolidation. On the strength of these thermodynamic functions criteria have been suggested that allow one to predict the structure of a nanocomposite material.

  1. Heat transfer fluids containing nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Dileep; Routbort, Jules; Routbort, A.J.; Yu, Wenhua; Timofeeva, Elena; Smith, David S.; France, David M.

    2016-05-17

    A nanofluid of a base heat transfer fluid and a plurality of ceramic nanoparticles suspended throughout the base heat transfer fluid applicable to commercial and industrial heat transfer applications. The nanofluid is stable, non-reactive and exhibits enhanced heat transfer properties relative to the base heat transfer fluid, with only minimal increases in pumping power required relative to the base heat transfer fluid. In a particular embodiment, the plurality of ceramic nanoparticles comprise silicon carbide and the base heat transfer fluid comprises water and water and ethylene glycol mixtures.

  2. Electrochemical Nanoparticle-Based Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Joseph

    Electrochemical devices are extremely useful for delivering analytical information in a fast, simple, and low-cost fashion, and are thus uniquely qualified for meeting the demands of point-of-care diagnostics. In particular, nanoparticles offer elegant ways for interfacing biomolecular recognition events with electronic signal transduction, for dramatically amplifying the resulting electrical response, and for designing novel coding strategies. Nanoparticles, such as colloidal gold or inorganic nanocrystals, offer considerable promise as quantitation tags for biological assays owing to their unique amplification and coding capabilities.

  3. Probing nanoparticles and nanoparticle-conjugated biomolecules using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-Pil; Shon, Hyun Kyong; Shin, Seung Koo; Lee, Tae Geol

    2015-01-01

    Bio-conjugated nanoparticles have emerged as novel molecular probes in nano-biotechnology and nanomedicine and chemical analyses of their surfaces have become challenges. The time-of-flight (TOF) secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has been one of the most powerful surface characterization techniques for both nanoparticles and biomolecules. When combined with various nanoparticle-based signal enhancing strategies, TOF-SIMS can probe the functionalization of nanoparticles as well as their locations and interactions in biological systems. Especially, nanoparticle-based SIMS is an attractive approach for label-free drug screening because signal-enhancing nanoparticles can be designed to directly measure the enzyme activity. The chemical-specific imaging analysis using SIMS is also well suited to screen nanoparticles and nanoparticle-biomolecule conjugates in complex environments. This review presents some recent applications of nanoparticle-based TOF-SIMS to the chemical analysis of complex biological systems.

  4. Senile calcified heart valve disease and coronary heart disease (CHD) analysis of the related factors%老年性钙化性心脏瓣膜病与冠心病的相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨菊月

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察和分析老年性钙化性心脏瓣膜病和冠心病之间的相关因素。方法将我院自2014年1月至2015年1月间收治的老年性心脏瓣膜病患者患者120例作为研究对象,其中钙化性心脏瓣膜病患者和非钙化性心脏瓣膜病患者各60例,对两组患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,研究两组患者各项生理指标以及冠心病检出情况。结果老年性心脏瓣膜病患者中钙化组检出冠心病的概率为91.67%明显高于非钙化组56.67%,组间比较差异显著(P<0.05),具有统计学意义。结论老年性钙化性心脏瓣膜病和冠心病之间存在密切的关系,加强对钙化性心脏瓣膜病的诊断有利于冠心病的临床预测。%objective: to observe and analyze the senile calcified heart valve disease and coronary heart disease (cHd) between the related factors. Methods:from January 2014 to January 2015 were 120 cases of patients with senile heart valve disease as the research object, the calciifed heart valve disease and non calciifed heart valve disease all 60 cases, the clinical data of two groups of patients were retrospectively analyzed, and research the physiological indexes in both groups, and detection of coronary heart disease. Results:senile heart valve calciifcation group and the probability of detection of coronary artery disease in patients for 91.67% to 56.67%, significantly higher than the calcification group is significant difference between groups (P<0.05), with statistical signiifcance. Conclusion:the senile calciifed heart valve disease and coronary heart disease, there is a close relationship between strengthen of calciifed heart valve disease diagnosis is helpful to clinical prediction of coronary heart disease (cHd).

  5. Memory effects in nanoparticle dynamics and transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanghi, Tarun; Bhadauria, Ravi; Aluru, N. R.

    2016-10-01

    In this work, we use the generalized Langevin equation (GLE) to characterize and understand memory effects in nanoparticle dynamics and transport. Using the GLE formulation, we compute the memory function and investigate its scaling with the mass, shape, and size of the nanoparticle. It is observed that changing the mass of the nanoparticle leads to a rescaling of the memory function with the reduced mass of the system. Further, we show that for different mass nanoparticles it is the initial value of the memory function and not its relaxation time that determines the "memory" or "memoryless" dynamics. The size and the shape of the nanoparticle are found to influence both the functional-form and the initial value of the memory function. For a fixed mass nanoparticle, increasing its size enhances the memory effects. Using GLE simulations we also investigate and highlight the role of memory in nanoparticle dynamics and transport.

  6. Inorganic nanoparticles for cancer imaging and therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Huang-Chiao; Barua, Sutapa; Sharma, Gaurav; Dey, Sandwip K; Rege, Kaushal

    2011-11-07

    Inorganic nanoparticles have received increased attention in the recent past as potential diagnostic and therapeutic systems in the field of oncology. Inorganic nanoparticles have demonstrated successes in imaging and treatment of tumors both ex vivo and in vivo, with some promise towards clinical trials. This review primarily discusses progress in applications of inorganic nanoparticles for cancer imaging and treatment, with an emphasis on in vivo studies. Advances in the use of semiconductor fluorescent quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, gold nanoparticles (spheres, shells, rods, cages), iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles and ceramic nanoparticles in tumor targeting, imaging, photothermal therapy and drug delivery applications are discussed. Limitations and toxicity issues associated with inorganic nanoparticles in living organisms are also discussed.

  7. Biosynthesis of Metal Nanoparticles: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narendra Kulkarni

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis of nanostructured materials, especially metallic nanoparticles, has accrued utmost interest over the past decade owing to their unique properties that make them applicable in different fields of science and technology. The limitation to the use of these nanoparticles is the paucity of an effective method of synthesis that will produce homogeneous size and shape nanoparticles as well as particles with limited or no toxicity to the human health and the environment. The biological method of nanoparticle synthesis is a relatively simple, cheap, and environmentally friendly method than the conventional chemical method of synthesis and thus gains an upper hand. The biomineralization of nanoparticles in protein cages is one of such biological approaches used in the generation of nanoparticles. This method of synthesis apart from being a safer method in the production of nanoparticles is also able to control particle morphology.

  8. Mechanical properties of nanoparticles: basics and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Dan; Xie, Guoxin; Luo, Jianbin

    2014-01-01

    The special mechanical properties of nanoparticles allow for novel applications in many fields, e.g., surface engineering, tribology and nanomanufacturing/nanofabrication. In this review, the basic physics of the relevant interfacial forces to nanoparticles and the main measuring techniques are briefly introduced first. Then, the theories and important results of the mechanical properties between nanoparticles or the nanoparticles acting on a surface, e.g., hardness, elastic modulus, adhesion and friction, as well as movement laws are surveyed. Afterwards, several of the main applications of nanoparticles as a result of their special mechanical properties, including lubricant additives, nanoparticles in nanomanufacturing and nanoparticle reinforced composite coating, are introduced. A brief summary and the future outlook are also given in the final part.

  9. Plasmonic twinned silver nanoparticles with molecular precision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Huayan; Wang, Yu; Chen, Xi; Zhao, Xiaojing; Gu, Lin; Huang, Huaqi; Yan, Juanzhu; Xu, Chaofa; Li, Gang; Wu, Junchao; Edwards, Alison J.; Dittrich, Birger; Tang, Zichao; Wang, Dongdong; Lehtovaara, Lauri; Häkkinen, Hannu; Zheng, Nanfeng

    2016-09-01

    Determining the structures of nanoparticles at atomic resolution is vital to understand their structure-property correlations. Large metal nanoparticles with core diameter beyond 2 nm have, to date, eluded characterization by single-crystal X-ray analysis. Here we report the chemical syntheses and structures of two giant thiolated Ag nanoparticles containing 136 and 374 Ag atoms (that is, up to 3 nm core diameter). As the largest thiolated metal nanoparticles crystallographically determined so far, these Ag nanoparticles enter the truly metallic regime with the emergence of surface plasmon resonance. As miniatures of fivefold twinned nanostructures, these structures demonstrate a subtle distortion within fivefold twinned nanostructures of face-centred cubic metals. The Ag nanoparticles reported in this work serve as excellent models to understand the detailed structure distortion within twinned metal nanostructures and also how silver nanoparticles can span from the molecular to the metallic regime.

  10. Synthesis metal nanoparticle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunge, Scott D.; Boyle, Timothy J.

    2005-08-16

    A method for providing an anhydrous route for the synthesis of amine capped coinage-metal (copper, silver, and gold) nanoparticles (NPs) using the coinage-metal mesityl (mesityl=C.sub.6 H.sub.2 (CH.sub.3).sub.3 -2,4,6) derivatives. In this method, a solution of (Cu(C.sub.6 H.sub.2 (CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.5, (Ag(C.sub.6 H.sub.2 (CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.4, or (Au(C.sub.6 H.sub.2 (CH.sub.3).sub.3).sub.5 is dissolved in a coordinating solvent, such as a primary, secondary, or tertiary amine; primary, secondary, or tertiary phosphine, or alkyl thiol, to produce a mesityl precursor solution. This solution is subsequently injected into an organic solvent that is heated to a temperature greater than approximately 100.degree. C. After washing with an organic solvent, such as an alcohol (including methanol, ethanol, propanol, and higher molecular-weight alcohols), oxide free coinage NP are prepared that could be extracted with a solvent, such as an aromatic solvent (including, for example, toluene, benzene, and pyridine) or an alkane (including, for example, pentane, hexane, and heptane). Characterization by UV-Vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that the NPs were approximately 9.2.+-.2.3 nm in size for Cu.degree., (no surface oxide present), approximately 8.5.+-.1.1 nm Ag.degree. spheres, and approximately 8-80 nm for Au.degree..

  11. Interaction of gold nanoparticles with nanosecond laser pulses: Nanoparticle heating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nedyalkov, N.N., E-mail: nnn_1900@yahoo.com [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Tzarigradsko shousse 72, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Imamova, S.E.; Atanasov, P.A. [Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Tzarigradsko shousse 72, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Toshkova, R.A.; Gardeva, E.G.; Yossifova, L.S.; Alexandrov, M.T. [Institute of Experimental Pathology and Parasitology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, G. Bonchev Street, bl. 25, Sofia 1113 (Bulgaria); Obara, M. [Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)

    2011-04-01

    Theoretical and experimental results on the heating process of gold nanoparticles irradiated by nanosecond laser pulses are presented. The efficiency of particle heating is demonstrated by in-vitro photothermal therapy of human tumor cells. Gold nanoparticles with diameters of 40 and 100 nm are added as colloid in the cell culture and the samples are irradiated by nanosecond pulses at wavelength of 532 nm delivered by Nd:YAG laser system. The results indicate clear cytotoxic effect of application of nanoparticle as more efficient is the case of using particles with diameter of 100 nm. The theoretical analysis of the heating process of nanoparticle interacting with laser radiation is based on the Mie scattering theory, which is used for calculation of the particle absorption coefficient, and two-dimensional heat diffusion model, which describes the particle and the surrounding medium temperature evolution. Using this model the dependence of the achieved maximal temperature in the particles on the applied laser fluence and time evolution of the particle temperature is obtained.

  12. Gold nanoparticle capture within protein crystal scaffolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalski, Ann E.; Huber, Thaddaus R.; Ni, Thomas W.; Hartje, Luke F.; Appel, Karina L.; Yost, Jarad W.; Ackerson, Christopher J.; Snow, Christopher D.

    2016-06-01

    DNA assemblies have been used to organize inorganic nanoparticles into 3D arrays, with emergent properties arising as a result of nanoparticle spacing and geometry. We report here the use of engineered protein crystals as an alternative approach to biologically mediated assembly of inorganic nanoparticles. The protein crystal's 13 nm diameter pores result in an 80% solvent content and display hexahistidine sequences on their interior. The hexahistidine sequence captures Au25(glutathione)~17 (nitrilotriacetic acid)~1 nanoclusters throughout a chemically crosslinked crystal via the coordination of Ni(ii) to both the cluster and the protein. Nanoparticle loading was validated by confocal microscopy and elemental analysis. The nanoparticles may be released from the crystal by exposure to EDTA, which chelates the Ni(ii) and breaks the specific protein/nanoparticle interaction. The integrity of the protein crystals after crosslinking and nanoparticle capture was confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallography.DNA assemblies have been used to organize inorganic nanoparticles into 3D arrays, with emergent properties arising as a result of nanoparticle spacing and geometry. We report here the use of engineered protein crystals as an alternative approach to biologically mediated assembly of inorganic nanoparticles. The protein crystal's 13 nm diameter pores result in an 80% solvent content and display hexahistidine sequences on their interior. The hexahistidine sequence captures Au25(glutathione)~17 (nitrilotriacetic acid)~1 nanoclusters throughout a chemically crosslinked crystal via the coordination of Ni(ii) to both the cluster and the protein. Nanoparticle loading was validated by confocal microscopy and elemental analysis. The nanoparticles may be released from the crystal by exposure to EDTA, which chelates the Ni(ii) and breaks the specific protein/nanoparticle interaction. The integrity of the protein crystals after crosslinking and nanoparticle capture was

  13. Calcifying tissue regeneration via biomimetic materials chemistry

    OpenAIRE

    Green, David W.; Goto, Tazuko K.; Kim, Kye-Seong; Jung, Han-Sung

    2014-01-01

    Materials chemistry is making a fundamental impact in regenerative sciences providing many platforms for tissue development. However, there is a surprising paucity of replacements that accurately mimic the structure and function of the structural fabric of tissues or promote faithful tissue reconstruction. Methodologies in biomimetic materials chemistry have shown promise in replicating morphologies, architectures and functional building blocks of acellular mineralized tissues dentine, enamel...

  14. Calcifying Bowel Inflammation: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Klein

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We report about a previously healthy 72 year-old woman, presented with 6 days of left lower quadrant abdominal pain and constipation. There was no report of fever, melena, hematochezia or change in appetite. The physical exam demonstrated a distended abdomen with palpable left lower quadrant pain, without guarding. CT showed images compatible with a sigmoid diverticulitis and a calcification of the sigmoid colon. After antibiotic threatment, a colonoscopy was performed which revealed the presence of a shell in the sigmoid colon. Our case illustrates the need for a colonoscopy following an attack of diverticulitis to look for a cancer or rarely a foreign body.

  15. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with calcified pleural plaques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malhotra Balbir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease. Herein we report a case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis who was suspected to have the disease on chest X-ray and was confirmed on high resolution CT and transbronchial lung biopsy. These investigations showed characteristic features of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis.

  16. Calcifying tissue regeneration via biomimetic materials chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, David W; Goto, Tazuko K; Kim, Kye-Seong; Jung, Han-Sung

    2014-12-06

    Materials chemistry is making a fundamental impact in regenerative sciences providing many platforms for tissue development. However, there is a surprising paucity of replacements that accurately mimic the structure and function of the structural fabric of tissues or promote faithful tissue reconstruction. Methodologies in biomimetic materials chemistry have shown promise in replicating morphologies, architectures and functional building blocks of acellular mineralized tissues dentine, enamel and bone or that can be used to fully regenerate them with integrated cell populations. Biomimetic materials chemistry encompasses the two processes of crystal formation and mineralization of crystals into inorganic formations on organic templates. This review will revisit the successes of biomimetics materials chemistry in regenerative medicine, including coccolithophore simulants able to promote in vivo bone formation. In-depth knowledge of biomineralization throughout evolution informs the biomimetic materials chemist of the most effective techniques for regenerative framework construction exemplified via exploitation of liquid crystals (LCs) and complex self-organizing media. Therefore, a new innovative direction would be to create chemical environments that perform reaction-diffusion exchanges as the basis for building complex biomimetic inorganic structures. This has evolved widely in biology, as have LCs, serving as self-organizing templates in pattern formation of structural biomaterials. For instance, a study is highlighted in which artificially fabricated chiral LCs, made from bacteriophages are transformed into a faithful copy of enamel. While chemical-based strategies are highly promising at creating new biomimetic structures there are limits to the degree of complexity that can be generated. Thus, there may be good reason to implement living or artificial cells in 'morphosynthesis' of complex inorganic constructs. In the future, cellular construction is probably key to instruct building of ultimate biomimetic hierarchies with a totality of functions.

  17. Primary calcified hydatid cyst of the brain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devendra K Tyagi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral hydatid disease is very rare, and in non-endemic areas like India, the occurrence is as low as 0.2% of all intracranial space occupying lesions. Calcification of the cyst wall indicates an even rarer subvariety, i.e., alveolar echinococcosis (AE. AE has hitherto been unreported in the Indian subcontinent. We report such a case in a 25-year-old male, a shepherd by occupation, who presented to us with intractable seizures and headache. He had no gross lesion in the liver. Craniotomy with total excision of the lesion was performed, followed by antiparasitic treatment. The radiological presentation, differential diagnosis and treatment modalities are discussed in relation to our case.

  18. Calcifying Sorting and Segregating: "Brown" at 60

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graff, Cristina Santamaria; Kozleski, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    The 2007 "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1". Supreme Court 5:4 decision suggests that the Court is divided in its interpretation of "Brown" and its intent in addressing racial segregation. Although "Brown" intended equal educational opportunities through desegregation practices,…

  19. In vitro cytotoxicity of surface modified bismuth nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yang; Wang, Chaoming; Qiao, Yong; Hossain, Mainul; Ma, Liyuan; Su, Ming

    2012-10-01

    This paper describes in vitro cytotoxicity of bismuth nanoparticles revealed by three complementary assays (MTT, G6PD, and calcein AM/EthD-1). The results show that bismuth nanoparticles are more toxic than most previously reported bismuth compounds. Concentration dependent cytotoxicities have been observed for bismuth nanoparticles and surface modified bismuth nanoparticles. The bismuth nanoparticles are non-toxic at concentration of 0.5 nM. Nanoparticles at high concentration (50 nM) kill 45, 52, 41, 34 % HeLa cells for bare nanoparticles, amine terminated bismuth nanoparticles, silica coated bismuth nanoparticles, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) modified bismuth nanoparticles, respectively; which indicates cytotoxicity in terms of cell viability is in the descending order of amine terminated bismuth nanoparticles, bare bismuth nanoparticles, silica coated bismuth nanoparticles, and PEG modified bismuth nanoparticles. HeLa cells are more susceptible to toxicity from bismuth nanoparticles than MG-63 cells. The simultaneous use of three toxicity assays provides information on how nanoparticles interact with cells. Silica coated bismuth nanoparticles can damage cellular membrane yet keep mitochondria less influenced; while amine terminated bismuth nanoparticles can affect the metabolic functions of cells. The findings have important implications for caution of nanoparticle exposure and evaluating toxicity of bismuth nanoparticles.

  20. Early follow-up study of arthroscopic treatment of chronic calcifying supraspinatus tendonitis%关节镜下治疗慢性冈上肌钙化性肌腱炎的早期随访研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高兆峰; 樊玲; 田雷

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the early efficacy of arthroscopic surgery for chronic calcifying supraspinatus tendinitis . Methods:From Mar.2013 to Sep.2015,16 patients with calcifying tendinitis of the supraspinatus were treated with shoulder arthrosco -py.All patients underwent arthroscopic calcium excision and subacromial decompression ,and were followed up in the preoperation and the postoperative 3,6,12,18 months.The preoperative and postoperative clinical efficacy were evaluated by the American shoulder and elbow surgeons score (ASES),Constant-Murley scores (CMS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores.Besides,the time of re-covering functional exercise was recorded .Results:Sixteen patients were followed up for 18 to 24 months,with the average of (20.4 ± 1.7) months.ASES scores were improved from (48.32 ±9.45) points preoperatively to (89.15 ±4.84) points postoperatively in the last follow-up,the difference was statistically significant (t=-15.35,P<0.01).CMS scores were increased from (54.69 ±7.25) points preoperatively to (95.34 ±5.06) points postoperatively in the last follow-up,the difference was statistically significant (t=-11.78,P<0.05).VAS pain scores were decreased from (8.26 ±1.37) points preoperatively to (2.13 ±1.05) points postoperatively in the last follow-up,the difference was statistically significant (t=-14.89,P<0.01).In the average of postoperative (16.9 ±2.4) d, 16 patients recovered to the normal .After treatment,the shoulder symptoms improved significantly ,and the range of motion increased significantly than before .Conclusions:The arthroscopic treatment for the chronic calcific supraspinatus tendinitis is reliable ,effective , mini-invasive therapy with quick recovery and radical removal of lesions ,and the early follow-up results are satisfactory .%目的:探讨关节镜下治疗慢性冈上肌钙化性肌腱炎的早期疗效。方法:2013年3月至2015年9月为16例冈上肌钙化性肌腱炎患者行关节镜下冈上