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Sample records for calcaneal osteomyelitis presenting

  1. Gentamycin-impregnated calcium phosphate cement for calcaneal osteomyelitis: a case report.

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    Iwakura, Takashi; Lee, Sang Yang; Niikura, Takahiro; Miwa, Masahiko; Sakai, Yoshitada; Nishida, Kotaro; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro

    2014-12-01

    We report a case of chronic calcaneal osteomyelitis in a diabetic patient who was successfully treated with radical debridement and gentamycin-impregnated calcium phosphate cement. At 1.5-year follow-up, the patient could walk without any assistance. Calcium phosphate cement is an effective local antibiotic delivery system and a biocompatible material for filling the debrided space to facilitate bone formation.

  2. Surgical management of a diabetic calcaneal ulceration and osteomyelitis with a partial calcanectomy and a sural neurofasciocutaneous flap

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    Georgios D. Georgakopoulos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis in diabetic patients poses a great challenge to the treating physician and surgeon. The use of a distally based sural neurofasciocutaneous flap after an aggressive debridement of non-viable and poorly vascularized tissue and bone that is combined with a thorough antibiotic regimen provides a great technique for adequate soft tissue coverage of the heel. In this case report, the authors describe the aforementioned flap as a versatile alternative to the use of local or distant muscle flaps for diabetic patients with calcaneal osteomyelitis and concomitant large wounds.

  3. Osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Sexual Harassment and Sexual Bullying Prescription Drug Abuse Osteomyelitis KidsHealth > For Teens > Osteomyelitis Print A A A ... for a bone infection is osteomyelitis. What Is Osteomyelitis? Osteomyelitis (pronounced: os-tee-oh-my-uh-LY- ...

  4. RECONSTRUCTIVE MICROSURGERY IN THE TREATMENT OF SURFACE FORMS OF CALCANEal OSTEOMYELITIS

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    E. S. Tsybul’

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the most common complications associated with the treatment of calcaneus fracturesis, a necrosis of the edges of the surgical wound and as a result – chronic nonhealing ulcers of the heel region and osteomyelitis of the calcaneus. In the structure of skeletal lesions osteomyelitic chronic osteomyelitis of the calcaneus occurs in 3.1–14.8% of cases, and in relation to the bones of the foot – up to 51%. At the same time after open fractures of the total incidence of deep infection from soft tissue even higher than that for the surface (12.2% vs. 9.6%. The traditional approach to the treatment of osteomyelitis of the calcaneus is often accompanied by poor performance with recurrent osteomyelitis process and highsubsequent disability of working age.Objective: to identify opportunities and assess the effectiveness of the use of reconstructive microsurgery techniques in the treatment of patients with superficial forms of osteomyelitis of the calcaneus, accompanied by the presence of soft tissue defect.Materials and мethods.The results of treatment of 28 patients with superficial forms of osteomyelitis of the calcaneus, which in the period from 2006 to 2013 in RNIITO them. R.R.Vredena were performed reconstructive plastic surgery using microsurgical techniques. Defects covering tissues were located on the sole (20 and back-side surfaces (8 of the calcaneus. Scope of interventions included the radical surgical treatment of osteomyelitis focus, marginal resection of the affected heel bone and tissue replacement of defect cover flap with axial blood supply.Results. With the localization of the defect cover tissues to non-reference surface of the heel region was carried out free plastic ray skin-fascial flap (9 cases. When the location of the defect on the plantar surface of the heel region favored medial plantar flap (10 cases. However, the presence of scarring and damage to the medial plantar artery was performed

  5. Coccidioides immitis osteomyelitis of the radius presenting as Ewing's sarcoma.

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    Sheppard, Joseph E; Switlick, Daniel N

    2008-06-01

    Coccidioides immitis osteomyelitis is a relatively rare manifestation of a disease that most commonly presents with pulmonary infection. Disseminated disease occurs in approximately 1% of infected individuals, with bony involvement in 10% to 50% of those patients with extrapulmonary infection. Diagnosis and treatment of patients with primarily osteoarticular complaints is frequently delayed, which may result in progression of disease and suboptimal results. This article discusses the successful treatment of a patient whose initial presentation was suggestive of Ewing's sarcoma of the proximal radius, but was found on biopsy to have coccidioidomycosis osteomyelitis. The patient was treated with surgical debridement and systemic as well as intralesional antifungal therapy.

  6. Osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on this topic for: Parents Kids Teens MRSA Staph Infections Dealing With Cuts First Aid & Safety Center ... Care Dealing With Broken Bones Osteomyelitis Hand Washing Staph Infections MRSA Bones, Muscles, and Joints View more ...

  7. Spontaneous patella fracture presenting as osteomyelitis in focal dermal hypoplasia.

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    Altschuler, Eric L; Yoon, Richard S; Dentico, Richard; Liporace, Frank A

    2012-08-01

    We report the first case of the assessment and treatment of a spontaneous patellar fracture in a patient with Goltz syndrome-a rare dermal hypoplasia. This case illustrates the non-straightforward presentation of a spontaneous patellar fracture in seemingly osteoporotic bone stock further complicated by the inability to rule out osteomyelitis. In this confusing presentation, a high index of suspicion for patella fracture should be maintained for patients with knee pain and osteoporosis on x-ray with a dysplastic syndrome. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Adult calcaneal osteitis: incidence, etiology, diagnostics and therapy

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    Tiemann, A. H.

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Calcaneal osteomyelitis presents a complicated situation. The specific anatomy of the os calcis and its surrounding soft tissues plays an important role in the planning and realization of the procedures needed in order to eradicate the osteomyelitic focus. The calcaneus represents a spongious bone; a fact that supports the developement of an osteomyelitis. It is the strongest bone of the foot and is highly important for the biomechanical features of physiological walking. The surrounding soft tissues are thin and contain various important anatomical structures. These might be damaged during the treatment of the osteomyelitis. In addition the vascularization of the os calcis is delicate and may be compromized during the surgical osteomyelitis treatment. Calcaneus osteomyelitis may be classified based on the routes of infection into exogenous and endogenous forms. Additionally from the clinical point of view acute and chronic forms may be distinguished from an early and a late infection. Exogenous calcaneal osteomyelitis mostly is the result of an infection with S. aureus. The treatment is equal to the therapy in other locations and based on: •Eradication of the bone infection •Sanitation of the soft tissue infection •Reconstruction of bone and soft tissue Especially the preservation and restoration of the soft tissue is important. Thus plastic surgical procedures play an essential role. The main object of treatment is the preservation of a biomechanical functioning foot. This may be impossible due to the local situation. Calcanectomy or even below knee amputation may be needed in those cases.

  9. Specific Antibodies to Staphylococcus aureus Biofilm Are Present in Serum from Pigs with Osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Louise Kruse; Jensen, Henrik Elvang; Koch, Janne

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Achilles heel in osteomyelitis is that bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus, grow as a biofilm in the bone lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we explored the serum level of specific antibodies to S. aurues biofilm in porcine models of osteomyelitis. RESULTS...

  10. Preserve the lower limb in a patient with calcaneal osteomyelitis and severe occlusive peripheral vascular disease by partial calcanectomy

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    Chin-Ta Lin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Heel ulcers in patients with severe peripheral artery occlusive disease represent a challenge to the treating physician. They become more difficult to treat with underlying medical comorbidities. We report a case of 76-year-old man with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and end-stage renal disease in uremia status presented to our hospital with a 3-month history of a diabetic foot ulcer on his right heel. He was diagnosed with near total artery occlusion below the knee at the local hospital, and vascular reconstruction failed. After admission, surgical debridement was performed with subsequent partial calcanectomy facilitating wound closure without tension. After surgery, the foot was immobilized with a short-leg splint for 2 weeks. Thereafter, ankle immobilization was accomplished using a thermal protective plastic splint and cast shoes with a posterior window for wound care. The wound healed well with no recurrence during the 12-month follow-up period, and the patient may return to an ambulatory status, including a normal gait pattern. In this case, we demonstrate that the partial calcanectomy is practical for the treatment of plantar heel ulcers in a patient with severe comorbidities. With proper surgical planning and postoperative care, partial calcanectomy is a viable alternative to below-the-knee amputation and may better serve the patient who would otherwise be restricted to a sedentary lifestyle.

  11. Pelvic osteomyelitis presenting as groin and medial thigh pain: a resident's case problem.

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    Hawkins, Andrew P; Sum, Jonathan C; Kirages, Daniel; Sigman, Erica; Sahai-Srivastava, Soma

    2015-04-01

    Resident's case problem. Groin pain represents a diagnostic challenge and requires a diagnostic process that rules out life-threatening illness or disease processes. Osteomyelitis is a potential fatal disease process that requires accurate diagnosis and medical management. Osteomyelitis presents a problem for the outpatient physical therapist, as the described physical findings for the diagnosis of osteomyelitis are nonspecific. A 67-year-old man with groin and bilateral medial thigh pain was referred for physical therapy care to address right adductor weakness and generalized deconditioning. He had undergone extensive treatment for bladder cancer, with a recent radical cystoprostatectomy and cutaneous urinary diversion with an Indiana pouch. Postsurgical magnetic resonance imaging indicated normal findings, and the patient was currently being managed by an orthopaedic surgeon, who diagnosed the patient as having obturator nerve palsy. The physical therapist's examination produced findings inconsistent with this diagnosis. Subsequently, nuclear medicine studies revealed pubic symphysitis/osteomyelitis with secondary myositis, predominantly affecting the right adductor muscles. Osteomyelitis represents a difficult problem for the outpatient physical therapist. Careful consideration of red-flag symptoms and inconclusive physical testing indicate the need for further medical work-up. In this case, appropriate medical management led to improvement in patient function, highlighting the need for early diagnosis. Differential diagnosis, level 4.

  12. Multimodality imaging of osteomyelitis

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    Elgazzar, A.H. [Cincinnati Univ. Medical Center, OH (United States); Abdel-Dayem, H.M. [Dept. Radiology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY (United States)]|[Dept. of Radiology, St. Vinvent`s Hospital and Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Clark, J.D. [Cincinnati Univ. Medical Center, OH (United States); Maxon, H.R. [Cincinnati Univ. Medical Center, OH (United States)

    1995-09-01

    After a brief introduction outlining some basic principles regarding the diagnosis of osteomyelitis, pathophysiologic aspects are reviewed. Advantages and disadvantages of each imaging modality and their applications in different forms of osteomyelitis are discussed. The use of different imaging modalities in the diagnosis of special forms of osteomyelitis, including chronic, diabetic foot, and vertebral osteomyelitis, and osteomyelitis associated with orthopedic appliances and sickle cell disease is reviewed. Taking into account the site of suspected osteomyelitis and the presence or absence of underlying pathologic changes and their nature, an algorithm summarizing the use of various imaging modalities in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis is presented. (orig.). With 13 figs., 9 tabs.

  13. Charcot foot and ankle with osteomyelitis

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    Donegan, Ryan; Sumpio, Bauer; Blume, Peter A.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a review of the current literature discussing topics of Charcot osteoarthropathy, osteomyelitis, diagnosing osteomyelitis, antibiotic management of osteomyelitis, and treatment strategies for management of Charcot osteoarthropathy with concurrent osteomyelitis. PMID:24098835

  14. Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia and osteomyelitis: a case report of a simultaneous presentation

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    Carvalho, Cyntia Helena Pereira de; Lima, Emeline das Neves de Araújo; Pereira, Joabe dos Santos; de Medeiros, Ana Miryam Costa; Silveira, Éricka Janine Dantas da

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE: To report a case of florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) and chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (CDSO) in a simultaneous presentation, emphasizing the significance of differential diagnosis and appropriate management of these conditions. CASE DESCRIPTION: A female, 69 years old, black patient had a complaint of itching and pain in posterior left mandibular region. The patient had a yellowish hard mass throughout all quadrants of the jaws. A panoramic radiograph showed a lobu...

  15. [The application of laser therapy for the medical rehabilitation of the children presenting with chronic osteomyelitis].

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    Trunova, O V; Mashkov, A E; Khan, M A; Prikuls, V F; Nazarenko, N N; Supova, M V; Smirnova, S N; Larionov, K S

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to develop a scientifically sound rationale for the application of infrared laser radiation (IRLR) either separately or in the combination with fluctuation magnetic therapy in the medical rehabilitation of the children presenting with chronic hematogenous osteomyelitis. Another objective was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of this therapeutic modality. Two achieve these goals, the clinical observations and special research studies were conducted in two directions with the participation of 95 patients at the age varying from 1 to 15 years. The study has demonstrated the effectiveness of the inclusion of IRLR in the medical rehabilitation program for the children with chronic hematogenous osteomyelitis in different periods of the disease. It was shown that the transcutaneous infrared irradiation of the affected area during the exacerbation of chronic osteomyelitis had a well apparent immunostimulatory effect and reduced the activity of the inflammatory process. The application of IRLR in combination with fluctuation magnetic therapy during the period of partial remission, had a more pronounced influence on the microcirculation and stimulated the regenerative and trophic processes.

  16. Actinomycotic Osteomyelitis of Maxilla Presenting as Oroantral Fistula: A Rare Case Report

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    Ashalata Gannepalli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Actinomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Actinomyces species which may involve only soft tissue or bone or the two together. Actinomycotic osteomyelitis of maxilla is relatively rare when compared to mandible. These are normal commensals and become pathogens when they gain entry into tissue layers and bone where they establish and maintain an anaerobic environment with extensive sclerosis and fibrosis. This infection spreads contiguously, frequently ignoring tissue planes and surrounding tissues or organ. The portal of entry may be pulpal, periodontal infection, and so forth which may lead to involvement of adjacent structures as pharynx, larynx, tonsils, and paranasal sinuses and has the propensity to damage extensively. Diagnosis is often delayed and is usually based on histopathology as they are cultured in fewer cases. The chronic clinical course without regional lymphadenopathy may be essential in diagnosis. The management of actinomycotic osteomyelitis is surgical debridement of necrotic tissue combined with antibiotics for 3–6 months. The primary actinomycosis arising within the maxilla with contiguous involvement of paranasal sinus with formation of oroantral fistula is rare. Hence, we present a 50-year-old female patient with chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of maxilla which presented as oroantral fistula with suppurative and sclerotic features.

  17. Actinomycotic Osteomyelitis of Maxilla Presenting as Oroantral Fistula: A Rare Case Report.

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    Gannepalli, Ashalata; Ayinampudi, Bhargavi Krishna; Baghirath, Pacha Venkat; Reddy, G Venkateshwara

    2015-01-01

    Actinomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Actinomyces species which may involve only soft tissue or bone or the two together. Actinomycotic osteomyelitis of maxilla is relatively rare when compared to mandible. These are normal commensals and become pathogens when they gain entry into tissue layers and bone where they establish and maintain an anaerobic environment with extensive sclerosis and fibrosis. This infection spreads contiguously, frequently ignoring tissue planes and surrounding tissues or organ. The portal of entry may be pulpal, periodontal infection, and so forth which may lead to involvement of adjacent structures as pharynx, larynx, tonsils, and paranasal sinuses and has the propensity to damage extensively. Diagnosis is often delayed and is usually based on histopathology as they are cultured in fewer cases. The chronic clinical course without regional lymphadenopathy may be essential in diagnosis. The management of actinomycotic osteomyelitis is surgical debridement of necrotic tissue combined with antibiotics for 3-6 months. The primary actinomycosis arising within the maxilla with contiguous involvement of paranasal sinus with formation of oroantral fistula is rare. Hence, we present a 50-year-old female patient with chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of maxilla which presented as oroantral fistula with suppurative and sclerotic features.

  18. Gram-negative diabetic foot osteomyelitis: risk factors and clinical presentation.

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    Aragón-Sánchez, Javier; Lipsky, Benjamin A; Lázaro-Martínez, Jose L

    2013-03-01

    Osteomyelitis frequently complicates infections in the feet of patients with diabetes. Gram-positive cocci, especially Staphylococcus aureus, are the most commonly isolated pathogens, but gram-negative bacteria also cause some cases of diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO). These gram-negatives require different antibiotic regimens than those commonly directed at gram-positives. There are, however, few data on factors related to their presence and how they influence the clinical picture. We conducted a retrospective study to determine the variables associated with the isolation of gram-negative bacteria from bone samples in cases of DFO and the clinical presentation of these infections. Among 341 cases of DFO, 150 had a gram-negative isolate (alone or combined with a gram-positive isolate) comprising 44.0% of all patients and 50.8% of those with a positive bone culture. Compared with gram-positive infections, wounds with gram-negative organisms more often had a fetid odor, necrotic tissue, signs of soft tissue infection accompanying osteomyelitis, and clinically severe infection. By multivariate analysis, the predictive variables related to an increased likelihood of isolating gram-negatives from bone samples were glycated hemoglobin gram-negatives had a statistically significantly higher prevalence of leukocytosis and higher white blood cell counts than those without gram-negatives. In conclusion, gram-negative organisms were isolated in nearly half of our cases of DFO and were associated with more severe infections, higher white blood cell counts, lower glycated hemoglobin levels, and wounds of traumatic etiology.

  19. Challenges in managing paediatric osteomyelitis in the developing world: Analysis of cases presenting to a tertiary referral centre in Tanzania

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    Adam M Ali

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The literature on paediatric osteomyelitis in the developing world is scarce, and there have been calls for further characterisation of its epidemiology and the identification of factors that limit effective management in order to guide local service delivery. Our centre is a hospital serving a population of 11 million people in Tanzania. Materials and Methods: We identified patients 3 months. Twelve out of 13 with a time from symptom onset to presentation of <2 months did not develop recurrence. Conclusions: This is, to the best of our knowledge, the second largest study of paediatric osteomyelitis in the developing world. Major challenges facing this centre include a lack of availability of bacterial cultures and failure to attend follow-up. Delayed presentation of osteomyelitis to our centre is associated with recurrence of infection.

  20. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis with an atypical presentation in an adult man

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    Hong, Cheng William [University of California San Francisco, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, San Francisco, CA (United States); Cleveland Clinic, Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH (United States); Hsiao, Edward C. [University of California San Francisco, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, and the Institute for Human Genetics, Department of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Horvai, Andrew E. [University of California San Francisco, Department of Pathology, San Francisco, CA (United States); Link, Thomas M. [University of California San Francisco, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2015-09-15

    We present the case of a 33-year-old man with no significant medical history who developed right scapular pain, left-sided sacroiliac joint pain, and lower back pain, and was eventually diagnosed with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). Imaging demonstrated multiple scattered T2-hyperintense lesions on MRI at the spine and the left SI joint, some of which progressed and one regressed in size on follow-up. Histopathology demonstrated only non-specific chronic inflammation compatible with CRMO. No evidence of infectious organisms or neoplastic processes was found. The pain was relapsing and remitting in nature. Laboratory investigations were notable for no evidence of hematologic malignancy or infection, but only a mild increase in alkaline phosphatase. This case highlights that CRMO, despite being thought of as a childhood-onset disease, can present in adults as well, and also provides illustrative examples of imaging and histological findings. (orig.)

  1. Unusual presentation of osteoid osteoma mimicking osteomyelitis in a 27-month-old infant

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    Bhat, Ishwar; Zerin, Jeffrey Michael; Bloom, David Adam [Department of Pediatric Imaging, Children' s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan (United States); Mooney, James Francis III [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Children' s Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan (United States)

    2003-06-01

    Osteoid osteoma is an uncommon, benign disorder of bone that is most often encountered in school-age children and in adolescents. It is quite rare in children under the age of 3 years. We report a case of osteoid osteoma with unusual clinical and imaging features in a 27-month-old toddler who presented with a limp and swelling of the right knee. Initial clinical evaluation, plain films, and computed tomography (CT) were strongly suggestive of chronic osteomyelitis involving the distal right femoral metadiaphysis. The appearance on nuclear medicine bone scan, however, was typical of osteoid osteoma. A biopsy of the lesion was taken and histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. The misleading clinical and imaging features in this case are discussed. (orig.)

  2. Calcaneal spurs among San and Khoi skeletons.

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    Caroline, Cermak; Kirchengast, Sylvia

    2015-01-01

    Only few studies considered the prevalence of calcaneal enthesophytes commonly called heel spurs among historic skeleton samples. In the present study the frequency of plantar calcaneal spurs among 54 19(th) century Khoisan skeletons was analyzed. Five individuals (9.6 %) had a plantar calcaneal spur at the right side or left side. Calcaneal spurs were more likely to occur in older individuals. More than 20 % of the individuals aged between 40 and 60 years (mature) showed plantar spurs, while 6.2 % of the individuals aged between 20 and 40 years had plantar spurs; however this difference was not significant. No sex differences were present in the prevalence of calcaneal spurs. Male and female individuals did not differ in the metric dimensions of the calcanceal spurs significantly.

  3. Modelling osteomyelitis

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    2012-01-01

    Background This work focuses on the computational modelling of osteomyelitis, a bone pathology caused by bacteria infection (mostly Staphylococcus aureus). The infection alters the RANK/RANKL/OPG signalling dynamics that regulates osteoblasts and osteoclasts behaviour in bone remodelling, i.e. the resorption and mineralization activity. The infection rapidly leads to severe bone loss, necrosis of the affected portion, and it may even spread to other parts of the body. On the other hand, osteoporosis is not a bacterial infection but similarly is a defective bone pathology arising due to imbalances in the RANK/RANKL/OPG molecular pathway, and due to the progressive weakening of bone structure. Results Since both osteoporosis and osteomyelitis cause loss of bone mass, we focused on comparing the dynamics of these diseases by means of computational models. Firstly, we performed meta-analysis on a gene expression data of normal, osteoporotic and osteomyelitis bone conditions. We mainly focused on RANKL/OPG signalling, the TNF and TNF receptor superfamilies and the NF-kB pathway. Using information from the gene expression data we estimated parameters for a novel model of osteoporosis and of osteomyelitis. Our models could be seen as a hybrid ODE and probabilistic verification modelling framework which aims at investigating the dynamics of the effects of the infection in bone remodelling. Finally we discuss different diagnostic estimators defined by formal verification techniques, in order to assess different bone pathologies (osteopenia, osteoporosis and osteomyelitis) in an effective way. Conclusions We present a modeling framework able to reproduce aspects of the different bone remodeling defective dynamics of osteomyelitis and osteoporosis. We report that the verification-based estimators are meaningful in the light of a feed forward between computational medicine and clinical bioinformatics. PMID:23095605

  4. Micro-CT analyses of historical bone samples presenting with osteomyelitis

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    Lamm, C.; Pietschmann, P. [Medical University Vienna (MUV), Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Vienna (Austria); Dockner, M.; Weber, G.W. [University of Vienna, Department of Anthropology, Vienna (Austria); University of Vienna, Core Facility for Micro-Computed Tomography, Vienna (Austria); Pospischek, B.; Winter, E.; Patzak, B. [Museum of Natural History (NHM), Collection of Anatomical Pathology in the Madhouse Tower, Vienna (Austria); Pretterklieber, M. [Medical University of Vienna (MUV), Department of Applied Anatomy, Vienna (Austria)

    2015-10-15

    Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of the bone marrow mainly caused by bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus. It typically affects long bones, e.g. femora, tibiae and humeri. Recently micro-computed tomography (μCT) techniques offer the opportunity to investigate bone micro-architecture in great detail. Since there is no information on long bone microstructure in osteomyelitis, we studied historic bone samples with osteomyelitis by μCT. We investigated 23 femora of 22 individuals suffering from osteomyelitis provided by the Collection of Anatomical Pathology, Museum of Natural History, Vienna (average age 44 ±19 years); 9 femora from body donors made available by the Department of Applied Anatomy, Medical University of Vienna (age range, 56-102 years) were studied as controls. Bone microstructure was assessed by μCT VISCOM X 8060 II with a minimal resolution of 18 μm. In the osteomyelitic femora, most prominent alterations were seen in the cortical compartment. In 71.4 % of the individuals with osteomyelitis, cortical porosity occurred. 57.1 % of the individuals showed cortical thinning. In 42.9 % trabecularisation of cortical bone was observed. Osteomyelitis is associated with severe alterations of cortical bone structure otherwise typically observed at old age such as cortical porosity and cortical thinning. (orig.)

  5. Imaging of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis of childhood first presenting with isolated primary spinal involvement

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    Anderson, S.E. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, 3010, Bern (Switzerland); Heini, P.; Kalbermatten, D. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Sauvain, M.J. [Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Stauffer, E. [Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Geiger, L. [Section Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Johnston, J.O. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Roggo, A. [Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Steinbach, L.S. [Department of Radiology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States)

    2003-06-01

    Initial presentation with primary spinal involvement in chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis of childhood (CRMO) is rare. Our objective was to review the imaging appearances of three patients who had CRMO who initially presented with isolated primary spinal involvement.Design and patients The imaging, clinical, laboratory and histology findings of the three patients were retrospectively reviewed. Imaging included seven spinal MR imaging scans, one computed tomography scan, nine bone scans, two tomograms and 16 radiographs. These were reviewed by two musculoskeletal radiologists and a consensus view is reported. All three patients presented with atraumatic spinal pain and had extensive bone spinal pathology. The patients were aged 11, 13 and 12 years. There were two females and one male.Results and conclusions The initial patient had thoracic T6 and T8 vertebra plana. Bone scan showed additional vertebral body involvement. Follow-up was available over a 3 year period. The second patient had partial collapse of T9 and, 2 years later, of C6. Subsequently extensive multifocal disease ensued and follow-up was available over 8 years. The third patient initially had L3 inferior partial collapse and 1 year later T8 involvement with multifocal disease. Follow-up was available over 3 years. The imaging findings of the three patients include partial and complete vertebra plana with a subchondral line adjacent to endplates associated with bone marrow MR signal alterations. Awareness of the imaging appearances may help the radiologist to include this entity in the differential diagnosis in children who present with spinal pathology and no history of trauma. Histopathological examination excludes tumor and infection but with typical imaging findings may not always be necessary. (orig.)

  6. Treatment of a High-Risk Diabetic Patient with Peripheral Vascular Disease and Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Latricia L; Kalmar, Garrett; Driver, Vickie R

    2016-06-01

    We report a case of calcaneal osteomyelitis that was surgically resected from a patient with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease. A 91-year-old male with history of type 2 diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, balloon angioplasty, and recent (2 months ago) stent of the superficial femoral artery presented to the emergency department with a left heel wound infection probed to bone. The patient reported having been on intravenous Zosyn for several months via an outside infectious disease provider for clinical suspicion of osteomyelitis, but noted no improvement. This report includes information regarding the clinical examination and imaging findings, which were used to assess this high-risk patient. Our patient underwent a partial calcanectomy and completed a 6-week course of intravenous antibiotics. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate limb preservation in a high-risk patient with compromised vascular supply who underwent a partial calcanectomy for treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis. The patient underwent surgical resection of the calcaneus without complications and healed unremarkably with the ability to ambulate while wearing an ankle foot orthosis with a custom shoe. This report was authorized for publication as an educational report to contribute to generalizable knowledge and does not include any patient health information. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  7. Complex calcaneal defect reconstruction with osteotomized free fibula-flexor hallucis longus osteomuscular flap.

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    Lykoudis, Efstathios G; Gantsos, Apostolos; Dimou, Apostolos Od

    2013-01-01

    Complex calcaneal defects represent a reconstructive challenge since calcaneous plays a key role in standing and gait. We report the case of a 35-year-old patient with a complex calcaneal defect due to chronic osteomyelitis after a high energy Gustillo type IIIB calcaneal fracture that was reconstructed with a free fibula-flexor hallucis longus osteomuscular flap. The fibula was osteotomized into two segments, which were used to reconstruct the bone defect, and the muscular component of the flap was used for coverage of the reconstructed calcaneal skeleton. Fifteen days later permanent skin coverage was ensured with a local random pattern rhomboid skin flap. Early and late postoperative periods were uneventful. Bone maturation was radiographically evident at a follow up of 12 weeks, and complete bone incorporation at 3 years. Full weight bearing was possible at 6 months postop. Final follow up, at 3 years postop, verified a very good functional and aesthetic outcome. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Childhood osteomyelitis: imaging characteristics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Schuppen, Joost; van Doorn, Martine M. A. C.; van Rijn, Rick R.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to illustrate the imaging findings of childhood osteomyelitis. The diagnosis of childhood osteomyelitis can be challenging. Clinical presentation and laboratory results can differ and are relatively unreliable. To date, its role in the assessment of treatment efficacy

  9. Actinomycotic Osteomyelitis of Maxilla Presenting as Oroantral Fistula: A Rare Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Ashalata Gannepalli; Bhargavi Krishna Ayinampudi; Pacha Venkat Baghirath; G. Venkateshwara Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Actinomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Actinomyces species which may involve only soft tissue or bone or the two together. Actinomycotic osteomyelitis of maxilla is relatively rare when compared to mandible. These are normal commensals and become pathogens when they gain entry into tissue layers and bone where they establish and maintain an anaerobic environment with extensive sclerosis and fibrosis. This infection spreads contiguously, frequently ignoring tissue planes ...

  10. Osteomyelitis - children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007697.htm Osteomyelitis - children To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Osteomyelitis is a bone infection caused by bacteria or ...

  11. Osteomyelitis - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000297.htm Osteomyelitis - discharge To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. You have osteomyelitis , a bone infection caused by bacteria or other ...

  12. Salmonella Osteomyelitis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McAnearney, S; McCall, D

    2015-01-01

    .... Salmonella as an aetiological agent in osteomyelitis is essentially rare and salmonella osteomyelitis in itself is predominantly seen in patients with haemoglobinopathies such as sickle cell disease or thalassemia...

  13. Surgical Management of Calcaneal Malunion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang-Rong Yu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Calcaneal malunion is a common complication after conservative treatment or incorrect surgical treatment of calcaneal fracture. The typical pathoanatomies of calcaneal malunion are subtalar joint incongruity, loss of calcaneal height, arch collapse, varus or valgus deformity of the calcaneus, heel widening and so on. Calcaneal malunion often needs to be treated surgically. The classification of calcaneal malunion and the detailed clinical and radiographical assessment play important roles for surgical option. The main surgical methods include in situ subtalar arthrodesis, reconstruction of calcaneal thalamus and subtalar arthrodesis, calcaneal osteotomy with subtalar arthrodesis, corrective calcaneal osteotomy without subtalar arthrodesis. Each option has its different indications, advantages and disadvantages. Thus, the surgical treatment should be individualised.

  14. Clinical efficacy and prognosis factors of open calcaneal fracture: a retrospective study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xuebin; Liu, Yueju; Peng, Aqin; Wang, Haili; Zhang, Yingze

    2015-01-01

    Background: Treatment of open calcaneal fractures remains to be a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. The aim of this study is to assess factors affecting the treatment results of open calcaneal fractures. Methods: A total of 98 patients who have 101 open calcaneal fractures were recruited in our hospital, they were all treated with a standard protocol based on the appearance of the traumatic wound. Data on mechanism of injury, location and size of wound, classification, fixation methods and subsequent soft-tissue complications were collected and evaluated. AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Survey and physical examinations were performed to access outcomes. Results: No statistical difference was found in complication and AOFAS score in open calcaneal fractures treated with different fixation, and no statistical difference was found in AOFAS between gustilo I and II type open calcaneal fractures (P > 0.05). There was significant difference between gustilo I and III type or gustilo II and III type fractures (P < 0.05). The more serious soft tissue injury of open calcaneal fracture lead to the worse outcome and higher incidence of complications obtained. Conclusion: Open calcaneal fractures have a high propensity for soft-tissue complications no matter which fixation method was chose. There was no significant difference between patients who had been treated with different fixations in complication rates. Soft-tissue injury played an important role in outcomes of open calcaneal fractures. Deep infections and osteomyelitis were rare by means of emergency debridement and following repeated debridement. PMID:26064282

  15. Calcaneal nonunion: Three cases and a review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe long-term follow-up of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is often accompanied by complications. Frequently occurring are arthrosis, arthrofibrosis of the subtalar joint, and malunion. Uncommon is the calcaneal nonunion. A total of three cases is presented in this report, including

  16. Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa cervical osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujeet Kumar Meher

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a rare cause of osteomyelitis of the cervical spine and is usually seen in the background of intravenous drug use and immunocompromised state. Very few cases of osteomyelitis of the cervical spine caused by pseudomonas aeruginosa have been reported in otherwise healthy patients. This is a case presentation of a young female, who in the absence of known risk factors for cervical osteomyelitis presented with progressively worsening neurological signs and symptoms.

  17. Bilateral polymicrobial osteomyelitis with Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaldau, Niels Christian; Brorson, Stig; Jensen, Poul Einar

    2012-01-01

    We present a case of bilateral polymicrobial osteomyelitis with Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei, and review the literature on Candida osteomyelitis.......We present a case of bilateral polymicrobial osteomyelitis with Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei, and review the literature on Candida osteomyelitis....

  18. Ultrasonographic diagnostics and evaluation of calcaneal fracture: case report

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lukac, Damir; Milenović, Natasa; Drapsin, Miodrag; Kecojević, Vaso; Sekulić, Slobodan; Klasnja, Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    Radiography is the standard tool in the diagnostics of bone fractures. This paper presents a case of calcaneal fracture diagnosed by ultrasonography that was also used in the follow-up of recovery progress...

  19. Malignant transformation in chronic osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diogo Lino Moura

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Carcinomatous degeneration is a rare and late complication developing decades after the diagnosis of chronic osteomyelitis. OBJECTIVES: To present the results from a retrospective study of six cases of squamous cell carcinoma arising from chronic osteomyelitis. METHODS: Six cases of chronic osteomyelitis related to cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma were identified. The cause and characteristics of the osteomyelitis were analyzed, as well as time up to malignancy, the suspicion signs for malignancy, the localization and histological type of the cancer, and the type and result of the treatment. RESULTS: The mean time between osteomyelitis onset and the diagnosis of malignant degeneration was 49.17 years (range: 32-65. The carcinoma resulted from tibia osteomyelitis in five cases and from femur osteomyelitis in one. The pathological examination indicated cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in all cases. All the patients were staged as N0M0, except for one, whose lomboaortic lymph nodes were affected. The treatment consisted of amputation proximal to the tumor in all patients. No patient presented signs of local recurrence and only one had carcinoma metastasis. CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis and proximal amputation are essential for prognosis and final results in carcinomatous degeneration secondary to chronic osteomyelitis.

  20. Multifocal Tubercular Osteomyelitis with Tubercular Breast Abscess: An Atypical Presentation of Tuberculosis

    OpenAIRE

    Mita Bar; Tuhin Santra; Pradipta Guha; Neha Agrawal; Apu Adhikary; Anirban Das; Chanchal Mahapatra

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis of spine is common in a developing country like India. However, involvement of spine at multiple levels along with involvement of rib and tubercular breast abscess in an immunocompetent patient without any pulmonary involvement is extremely rare. Here we report a case of 53-year-old immunocompetent lady who presented with quadriparesis and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of spine revealed multiple lesions involving cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral region without any involv...

  1. Multifocal Tubercular Osteomyelitis with Tubercular Breast Abscess: An Atypical Presentation of Tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mita Bar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis of spine is common in a developing country like India. However, involvement of spine at multiple levels along with involvement of rib and tubercular breast abscess in an immunocompetent patient without any pulmonary involvement is extremely rare. Here we report a case of 53-year-old immunocompetent lady who presented with quadriparesis and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging of spine revealed multiple lesions involving cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral region without any involvement of intervertebral disc. On detailed examination she was found to have a lump in right breast. Fine needle aspiration cytology of both paravertebral collection and breast lump revealed presence of acid fast bacilli. She was put on antitubercular drug for one year and she responded well to therapy.

  2. Lymfom fejltolket som osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brand, Eske; Klit, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    Patients are admitted based on a tentative diagnosis. If that is incorrect it may have negative consequences for the patient and the system. In this case we present an eight-month elucidation with several diagnostic procedures with a tentative diagnosis of osteomyelitis. This diagnosis was kept...

  3. Vertebral osteomyelitis without disc involvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamani, I.; Syed, I.; Saifuddin, A. E-mail: asaifuddin@aol.com; Green, R.; MacSweeney, F

    2004-10-01

    Vertebral osteomyelitis is most commonly due to pyogenic or granulomatous infection and typically results in the combined involvement of the intervertebral disc and adjacent vertebral bodies. Non-infective causes include the related conditions of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) and SAPHO (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis) syndrome. Occasionally, these conditions may present purely within the vertebral body, resulting in various combinations of vertebral marrow oedema and sclerosis, destructive lesions of the vertebral body and pathological vertebral collapse, thus mimicking neoplastic disease. This review illustrates the imaging features of vertebral osteomyelitis without disc involvement, with emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.

  4. Acute bacterial prostatitis with osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nargund, V H; Stewart, P A Hamilton

    1995-01-01

    This short case presentation concerns the simultaneous occurrence of acute bacterial prostatitis and osteomyelitis due to staphylococcal bacteraemia hitherto unrecorded in the literature. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2 PMID:7629772

  5. [Surgical treatment of calcaneal spurs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benvenuti, R; Orlandi, S; Pellegrini, F

    1982-01-01

    74 operations for the removal of calcaneal spurs at the "G. Pini" Orthopaedic Clinic in Milan over the post 20 years have been examined. After a brief summary of the main aetiopathogenetic theories, the symptomatological picture and various surgical techniques, and the data on the cases encountered are analysed. A high percentage of failures is reported. It is hoped that all cases of talalgia due to calcaneal spur will initially be given conservative therapy. Only if this fails should surgery be considered.

  6. Pediatric Tibial Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Brad; Street, Matthew; Leigh, Warren; Crawford, Haemish

    2016-01-01

    Osteomyelitis shows a strong predilection for the tibia in the pediatric population and is a significant source of complications. The purpose of this article is to retrospectively review a large series of pediatric patients with tibial osteomyelitis. We compare our experience with that in the literature to determine any factors that may aid diagnosis and/or improve treatment outcomes. A 10-year retrospective review was performed of clinical records of all cases of pediatric tibial osteomyelitis managed at the 2 children's orthopaedic departments in the Auckland region. The Osteomyelitis Database was used to identify all cases between 1997 and 2007, at Starship Children's Hospital, and 1998 and 2008 at Middlemore's Kids First Hospital. One hundred ninety-one patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and had a review of clinical notes and relevant investigations. The average duration of symptoms before presentation to hospital was 5.7 days. Less than 40% of patients had a recent episode of trauma. Almost 60% of patients could not bear weight on admission. Over 40% of patients had a temperature above 38°C. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was elevated in 78% and the C-reactive protein was elevated in 90% of patients. In total, 42% of blood cultures and almost 75% of tissue cultures were positive, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly cultured organism. X-rays, bone scans, and magnetic resonance imaging were all used to aid the diagnosis. About 43% of patients had surgery. Treatment length was an average of 2 weeks 6 days of intravenous antibiotics followed by 3 weeks 2 days of oral treatment. Six postsurgical complications and 46 readmissions were noted: 25 for relapse, with the remainder due to social and antibiotic-associated complications. Although generally diagnosed on presentation, pediatric tibial osteomyelitis can require more sophisticated investigations and prolonged management. Treatment with intravenous and oral antibiotics and surgical

  7. Biomechanics – Elastic Foundation Applied in Modelling of Calcaneal Nails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sejda František

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a strength analysis of a calcaneal nail (material Ti6Al4V and stainless steel which is used to treat complex heel fractures. The application focuses on a unique calcaneal nail, the C-NAIL, produced by Medin a.s. (Nové Město na Moravě, Czech Republic. The paper first presents an analysis of fracture types, treatment methods and loading of the calcaneus. It then presents an analysis of limit conditions and loading. Calculations (displacement and stress are performed for 6 and 7 fixing screws using FEM (Ansys Workbench 14 software. The calculation involves a new, original application of an elastic foundation, which effectively replaces the complex interaction of the calcaneal nail and the heel bone.

  8. Pediatric calcaneal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hobie Summers

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Although operative treatment of displaced, intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus in adults is generally accepted as standard practice, operative treatment for the same fractures in the skeletally immature remains controversial, potentially because the outcome for fracture types (intra- vs. extra-articular and severity (displaced vs. nondisplaced have been confounded in studies of children. We review herein the results of 21 displaced, intra-articular fractures in 18 skeletally immature patients, who were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using a standard surgical approach and protocol developed for adults. The average pre-operative Böhler's angle on the injured side was -5° (range: -35 - +35 compared to 31° (range: +22 - +47 on the uninjured side, indicating substantial displacement. There were no post-operative infections or wound healing problems, and all but one patient was followed to union (average follow-up: 1.5 years; range: 0.30-4.3 years. Maintenance of reduction was confirmed on follow-up radiographs with an average Böhler's angle of 31° (range: +22 - +49. We demonstrate that results for operative fixation of displaced, intra-articular calcaneal fractures in the skeletally immature are comparable to those in adults when the treatment protocol is the same.

  9. Radiologic aspects of calcaneal fractures in childhood and adolescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rasmussen, F.; Schantz, K.

    One hundred and forty-three calcaneal fractures in 140 patients under the age of19 years were reviewed. Of the total number, 75% were in males. Eighty fractures were seen in females under 13 years of age and in males under 16 years of age. Fifteen (19%) of these fractures were initially not recognized. Four projections were available in the majority of the cases, and were reviewed: lateral, axial, straight dorsoplantar and oblique dorsoplantar views. The various types of fractures had different courses and localizations. The optimum demonstration of a fracture in a certain projection will therefore be dependent on the type of fracture present. It is clinically difficult to foresee a specific type of calcaneal fracture, and consequently it is recommended that all four views should be obtained routinely following trauma to the calcaneal region in patients of the pertinent age groups.

  10. Evolution and Allometry of Calcaneal Elongation in Living and Extinct Primates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Doug M.; Seiffert, Erik R.; Gladman, Justin T.; Bloch, Jonathan I.

    2013-01-01

    Specialized acrobatic leaping has been recognized as a key adaptive trait tied to the origin and subsequent radiation of euprimates based on its observed frequency in extant primates and inferred frequency in extinct early euprimates. Hypothesized skeletal correlates include elongated tarsal elements, which would be expected to aid leaping by allowing for increased rates and durations of propulsive acceleration at takeoff. Alternatively, authors of a recent study argued that pronounced distal calcaneal elongation of euprimates (compared to other mammalian taxa) was related primarily to specialized pedal grasping. Testing for correlations between calcaneal elongation and leaping versus grasping is complicated by body size differences and associated allometric affects. We re-assess allometric constraints on, and the functional significance of, calcaneal elongation using phylogenetic comparative methods, and present an evolutionary hypothesis for the evolution of calcaneal elongation in primates using a Bayesian approach to ancestral state reconstruction (ASR). Results show that among all primates, logged ratios of distal calcaneal length to total calcaneal length are inversely correlated with logged body mass proxies derived from the area of the calcaneal facet for the cuboid. Results from phylogenetic ANOVA on residuals from this allometric line suggest that deviations are explained by degree of leaping specialization in prosimians, but not anthropoids. Results from ASR suggest that non-allometric increases in calcaneal elongation began in the primate stem lineage and continued independently in haplorhines and strepsirrhines. Anthropoid and lorisid lineages show stasis and decreasing elongation, respectively. Initial increases in calcaneal elongation in primate evolution may be related to either development of hallucal-grasping or a combination of grasping and more specialized leaping behaviors. As has been previously suggested, subsequent increases in calcaneal

  11. Evolution and allometry of calcaneal elongation in living and extinct primates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Doug M; Seiffert, Erik R; Gladman, Justin T; Bloch, Jonathan I

    2013-01-01

    Specialized acrobatic leaping has been recognized as a key adaptive trait tied to the origin and subsequent radiation of euprimates based on its observed frequency in extant primates and inferred frequency in extinct early euprimates. Hypothesized skeletal correlates include elongated tarsal elements, which would be expected to aid leaping by allowing for increased rates and durations of propulsive acceleration at takeoff. Alternatively, authors of a recent study argued that pronounced distal calcaneal elongation of euprimates (compared to other mammalian taxa) was related primarily to specialized pedal grasping. Testing for correlations between calcaneal elongation and leaping versus grasping is complicated by body size differences and associated allometric affects. We re-assess allometric constraints on, and the functional significance of, calcaneal elongation using phylogenetic comparative methods, and present an evolutionary hypothesis for the evolution of calcaneal elongation in primates using a Bayesian approach to ancestral state reconstruction (ASR). Results show that among all primates, logged ratios of distal calcaneal length to total calcaneal length are inversely correlated with logged body mass proxies derived from the area of the calcaneal facet for the cuboid. Results from phylogenetic ANOVA on residuals from this allometric line suggest that deviations are explained by degree of leaping specialization in prosimians, but not anthropoids. Results from ASR suggest that non-allometric increases in calcaneal elongation began in the primate stem lineage and continued independently in haplorhines and strepsirrhines. Anthropoid and lorisid lineages show stasis and decreasing elongation, respectively. Initial increases in calcaneal elongation in primate evolution may be related to either development of hallucal-grasping or a combination of grasping and more specialized leaping behaviors. As has been previously suggested, subsequent increases in calcaneal

  12. Calcaneal fractures • In children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1989-07-15

    Jul 15, 1989 ... Eight patients with 9 calcaneal fractures were reviewed. Of the fractures 6 were intra-articular and 3 extra-articular but in children this distinction appears to have little relevan~e to treatment or prognosis. While these fractures are relatively uncommon in children, clinical suspicion is important in making the ...

  13. Osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis: an unusual case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Antonio C K; Ng, Irene O L; Yeung, K M Au

    2006-11-01

    Chronic osteomyelitis with subperiosteal new bone formation results from periosteal reaction to chronic inflammatory/infectious stimulation. In the maxillofacial region, it has traditionally been termed Garrè's osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis and more recently periostitis ossificans. The term Garrè's osteomyelitis has been regarded as a misnomer by many authors in the recent literature. The term chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis, although cumbersome, is considered to be the most accurate description of the pathology. It usually affects the mandible of young patients secondary to dental infection. Management involves removal of the source of infection and antibiotic treatment. We present an unusual case of chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis affecting the mandible of a 12-year-old patient. The source of infection was related to the developing lower left third molar, which had apparently no communication with the oral cavity.

  14. Cryptococcal osteomyelitis in the ribs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sethi Somika

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis, in an immunocompetent, is rare and only a few cases have been reported in literature. We present the case of a 30-year-old man presented with pain on the left side of chest with fever and gradually increasing swelling in left lateral lower aspect of chest. Investigation revealed a lytic lesion in the anterior end of left 6 th rib with normal CD4 count. He was tested negative for HIV antigen. Excision of the sixth rib, morphologically revealed cryptococcal osteomyelitis and the patient was given anti-fungal treatment for six months.

  15. Garre′s sclerosing osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suma R

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Garre′s sclerosing osteomyelitis is a specific type of chronic osteomyelitis that mainly affects children and young adults. This disease entity is well-described in dental literature and is commonly associated with an odontogenic infection resulting from dental caries. This paper describes a case of Garre′s osteomyelitis in a 10-year-old boy, in whom the condition arose following pulpoperiapical infection in relation to permanent mandibular right first molar. Clinically the patient presented with bony hard, non-tender swelling and the occlusal radiograph revealed pathognomic feature of "onion skin" appearance. The elimination of periapical infection was achieved by endodontic therapy and the complete bone remodeling was seen radiographically after three months follow-up.

  16. Percutaneous Fixation of Displaced Calcaneal Fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeung Yip-Kan

    2011-06-01

    Conclusion: Percutaneous fixation of displaced tongue-type calcaneal fractures is an effective treatment with acceptable clinical outcome, short hospital stay, minimal skin complications, and quick recovery.

  17. Medial calcaneal neuropathy: a missed etiology of chronic plantar heel pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Kamal Aziz Saba

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion Medial calcaneal neuropathy is present in a considerable number of patients with chronic plantar heel pain. It should be taken into consideration during the assessment of any patient with chronic plantar heel pain.

  18. Plantar fasciitis and the calcaneal spur: Fact or fiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johal, K S; Milner, S A

    2012-03-01

    Plantar fasciitis is a common diagnosis in patients presenting with heel pain. The presence of co-existing calcaneal spurs has often been reported but confusion exists as to whether it is a casual or significant association. The lateral heel radiographs of nineteen patients with a diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and nineteen comparison subjects with a lateral ankle ligament sprain matched for age and sex, were reviewed independently by two observers. Objective measurements of calcaneal spur length and a subjective grading of spur size were recorded. There was a significantly higher prevalence of calcaneal spurs in the cases than the comparison group (89% versus 32%; McNemar chi-square=9.09, df=2, p=0.00257). There was good inter- and intra-observer agreement. The current study has demonstrated a significant association between plantar fasciitis and calcaneal spur formation. Further research is warranted to assess whether the association is causal. Copyright © 2011 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Regression analysis of controllable factors of surgical incision complications in closed calcaneal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Wu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In surgeries of closed calcaneal fractures, the lateral L-shaped incision is usually adopted. Undesirable post-operative healing of the incision is a common complication. In this retrospective study, controllable risk factors of incision complications after closed calcaneal fracture surgery through a lateral L-shaped incision are discussed and the effectiveness of clinical intervention is assessed. Materials and Methods: A review of medical records was conducted of 209 patients (239 calcaneal fractures surgically treated from June 2005 to October 2012. Univariate analyses were performed of seven controllable factors that might influence complications associated with the surgical incision. Binomial multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors of statistical significance. Results: Twenty-one fractures (8.79% involved surgical incision complications, including 8 (3.35% cases of wound dehiscence, 7 (2.93% of flap margin necrosis, 5 (2.09% of hematoma, and 1 (0.42% of osteomyelitis. Five factors were statistically significant : t0 he time from injury to surgery, operative duration, post-operative drainage, retraction of skin flap, bone grafting, and patients′ smoking habits. The results of multivariate analyses showed that surgeries performed within 7 days after fracture, operative time > 1.5 h, no drainage after surgery, static skin distraction, and patient smoking were risk factors for calcaneal incision complications. The post-operative duration of antibiotics and bone grafting made no significant difference. Conclusion: Complications after calcaneal surgeries may be reduced by postponing the surgery at least 7 days after fracture, shortening the time in surgery, implementing post-operative drainage, retracting skin flaps gently and for as short a time as possible, and prohibiting smoking.

  20. OSTEOMYELITIS OF THE FRONTAL BONE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DOfori-Adjei

    2007-06-01

    Jun 1, 2007 ... commonest complication of skull osteomyelitis. This is usually associated with subperiosteal ab- scess. Frontal lobe abscess present as subtle perso- nality changes. Radiological features vary with the duration of the infection. Early features are seen as islands of normal bone with increased or diminished ...

  1. Lumbar Aspergillus osteomyelitis mimicking pyogenic osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Kyeong-Wook; Kim, Young-Jin

    2015-04-01

    Spinal Aspergillus osteomyelitis is rare and occurs mostly in immunocompromised patients, but especially very rare in immunocompetent adult. This report presents a case of lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis in immunocompetent adult. A 53-year-old male who had no significant medical history was admitted due to complaints of back pain radiating to the flank for the last 3 months, followed by a progressive motor weakness of both lower limbs. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated osteomyelitis and diskitis, suspected to be a pyogenic condition rather than a tuberculosis infection. Despite antibiotic treatment for several weeks, the symptoms worsened, and finally, open surgery was performed. Surgical biopsy revealed an Aspergillus infection and medical treatment with amphotericin B was started. It can be diagnosed early through an MRI; biopsy is very important but difficult, and making the correct differential diagnosis is essential for avoiding unexpected complications. The authors report a case of lumbar Aspergillus osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent adult and reviewed previously described cases of spinal aspergillosis.

  2. Surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus: comparison between flat plate and calcaneal plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Almeida da Silva

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results of surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus, comparing the use of calcaneal plate and flat plate. METHODS: This was a retrospective study assessing the postoperative results of 25 patients between 2013 and 2015. Patients undergoing surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus without concomitant surgical lesions were included. Patients who did not complete appropriate follow-up after surgery were excluded from the study. RESULTS: The unavailability of calcaneal plates at resource-limited settings, associated with the availability and lower cost of flat plates, may have been a confounding factor in the present study. However, there was no statistical difference between the outcomes of fractures treated with calcaneal plates or flat plates. CONCLUSION: Statistical inference shows that, when calcaneal plates are not available, it is possible to use flat plates with similar clinical outcomes.

  3. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma arising on chronic osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foti, C; Giannelli, G; Berloco, A; Mascolo, V; Ingravallo, G; Giardina, C

    2002-07-01

    We present a case of a primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the skin (MFH) arising on chronic osteomyelitis in a 67-year-old woman. Although this condition seems to be a predisposing factor for the onset of the malignancy, MFH complicating chronic osteomyelitis is generally localized at the level of the bone tissue. In the case we report the neoplasm was primitively localized at the dermal and subcutaneous level and presented as a rapidly growing mass.

  4. Abdominal mass hiding rib osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raffaeli, Genny; Borzani, Irene; Pinzani, Raffaella; Giannitto, Caterina; Principi, Nicola; Esposito, Susanna

    2016-04-12

    Rib osteomyelitis is a rare entity, occurring in approximately 1 % or less of all cases of haematogenous osteomyelitis. Given its rarity and clinical heterogeneity, the diagnosis of rib osteomyelitis can be challenging and requires a high index of suspicion. We present a case of acute osteomyelitis of the rib due to community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which occurred in an otherwise healthy 3-month-old infant and mimicked an epigastric hernia at first. An otherwise healthy 3-month-old female infant was sent by her primary care paediatrician to the paediatric emergency department for possible incarcerated epigastric hernia because for 2 days, she had suffered from mild to moderate fever, irritability, poor feeding, and tender epigastric swelling. Ultrasonographic imaging excluded epigastric hernia, and transthoracic echocardiography ruled out endocarditis. However, clinical assessment combined with laboratory criteria classified the child into the high-risk group for having severe bacterial infection. Consequently, awaiting the definitive diagnosis, she was immediately treated with a broad-spectrum regimen of intravenous antibiotic therapy based on vancomycin (40 mg/kg/die in 3 doses) and meropenem (100 mg/kg/die in 3 doses). Three days after admission, the blood culture result was positive for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and vancomycin remained as antibiotic therapy. On day 3, a second swelling appeared at the level of the seventh left rib, 2 cm-wide, non-erythematous, mildly painful. Ultrasonography of the left chest wall on this occasion showed an image consistent with an acute osteomyelitis of the anterior osteo-chondral region of the 7th rib and associated adjacent periosteal and soft tissue collection and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the osteomyelitis of the anterior middle-distal part of the 7th left rib, near the costochondral junction. Vancomycin was continued up to a total of 6 weeks of therapy

  5. Periostitis and osteomyelitis in chronic drug addicts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, C.R.; Lawson, J.P.

    1986-03-01

    Periostitis and osteomyelitis can occur in drug addicts not only by hematogeneous dissemination of the infecting organisms, but as a result of introduction of bacteria by direct injection into periosteum or injection through infected skin and subcutaneous tissues. A spectrum of examples of osteomyelitis of the bones of the forearm in drug addicts is presented to illustrate this phenomenon. Neglect of these infections and the trauma of continued injections can lead to extensive tissue and bone loss.

  6. Osteomyelitis of skull with underlying brain abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Rajniti; Verma, Nishant; Mishra, O P; Srivastava, A

    2011-08-01

    Neonatal osteomyelitis of the calvaria is a rare condition. The present case report describes a 4-week-old infant with osteomyelitis of the right parietal and temporal bones caused by Staphylococcus aureus. CT scan revealed a characteristic "moth-eaten" appearance and multiloculated brain abscess with encephalomalacia, which was successfully treated by appropriate intravenous antibiotics along with surgical drainage . In follow up, baby developed spastic cerebral palsy of hemiplegic type.

  7. Osteomyelitis of the Mandible in an Adolescent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Fiore, Peter M; Cerrud, Clinio C; Buckley, Ian A; Demian, Nagi M

    2015-01-01

    A 13-year-old female, who had been experiencing episodes of mandibular pain and swelling for approximately six months, was referred to a university urgent care dental clinic for evaluation after receiving endodontic treatment. At the referral examination, clinical and radiographic findings were suggestive of osteomyelitis. The purpose of this report is to present the possible etiology, clinical and radiographic findings and surgical management of mandibular osteomyelitis in an adolescent patient.

  8. Central venous line associated osteomyelitis in children with intestinal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Yu

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Children with intestinal failure often require long-term central venous access for parenteral nutrition. Line-related complications often include liver dysfunction, sepsis, and loss of venous access. Osteomyelitis is a rare complication that has been reported in adults with intestinal failure. There has been little focus, however, on the development of osteomyelitis in the pediatric population. In this study we present 2 case studies of patients with intestinal failure requiring parenteral nutrition who subsequently developed acute osteomyelitis.

  9. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wedman, Jan; van Weissenbruch, Ranny

    We report what is, to our best knowledge, the first case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) in which the frontal and sphenoid bones were involved. Characterized by a prolonged and fluctuating course of osteomyelitis at different sites, CRMO is self-limited, although sequelae can

  10. Non-contiguous multifocal vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Serratia marcescens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Jen Xin; Li, Jordan Yuanzhi; Yong, Tuck Yean

    2015-03-01

    Serratia marcescens is a common nosocomial infection but a rare cause of osteomyelitis and more so of vertebral osteomyelitis. Vertebral osteomyelitis caused by this organism has been reported in few studies. We report a case of S. marcescens vertebral discitis and osteomyelitis affecting multiple non-contiguous vertebras. Although Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of vertebral osteomyelitis, rare causes, such as S. marcescens, need to be considered, especially when risk factors such as intravenous heroin use, post-spinal surgery and immunosuppression are present. Therefore, blood culture and where necessary biopsy of the infected region should be undertaken to establish the causative organism and determine appropriate antibiotic susceptibility. Prompt diagnosis of S. marcescens vertebral osteomyelitis followed by the appropriate treatment can achieve successful outcomes.

  11. [Is calcaneal osteotomy justified in Haglund's disease?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maynou, C; Mestdagh, H; Dubois, H H; Petroff, E; Elise, S

    1998-11-01

    The authors report their experience of Zadek's wedge osteotomy in the treatment of posterior talalgia in adults and evaluate the various radiographical measurements for calcaneus deformity measurement.... This procedure was performed in 27 patients with a total of 36 calcanea treated between 1985 and 1996. The sex ratio was 20 women for 7 men with an average age of 27 years. Prior to this osteotomy nine feet were operated by resection of the postero-superior tuberosity with recurrence of pain and disability, and two patients presented an inflammatory arthritis. For the surgical procedure, the patient was placed in lateral position. Skin incision was five to six centimeters long, curvilinear along the lateral side of the tendo achillis. Two dorsal pins were inserted, creating a triangle so that the apex pointed plantarly and the base dorsally. The sagittal saw was then used to create a wedge osteotomy with a dorsal base of seven to ten millimeters. A screw was then driven across the osteotomy site for ultimate fixation. Eighty per cent (29 osteotomies) of patients had been examined clinically and radiologically with a mean follow-up of 29 months. Considering pain, daily activity and discomfort with footwear, results were excellent in 12 cases, good in 10, fair in 5 and poor in two cases. No radiological criteria used for the diagnosis of Haglund's disease were absolutely reliable. The "total angle" of Ruch, the "c.l angle" of Chauveaux and the "parallel pitch lines" of Heneghan reflect the amount of deformation most accurately, but especially, the calcaneal inclination angle was always increased (16 cases between 18 degrees and 30 degrees, 6 cases > 30 degrees). All patients had a weight-bearing calcaneal talus, either alone or in the context of posterior pes cavus. This study confirms the responsibility of rearfoot morphostatic disorders in posterior talalgia and the goods results obtained by Zadek osteotomy.

  12. Case report 834: Chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible with long bone periostitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, A; Carneiro, R; Pollock, L; Shaw, D

    1994-04-01

    We present the case of a patient with primary chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible, the radiological appearance of which is compatible with a diagnosis of chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis. The accompanying femoral and tibial periosteal reactive new bone formation and the benign clinical course suggest that this presentation may represent a form of chronic multifocal osteomyelitis.

  13. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy manifested with isolated calcaneal periostitis in bone scintigraphy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moralidis, Efstratios; Gerasimou, Georgios; Theodoridou, Athina; Hilidis, Ilias; Mylonaki, Efrosyni; Gotzamani-Psarrakou, Anna

    2010-05-01

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is an incompletely understood syndrome characterized by digital clubbing and periosteal proliferation of long bones and it is commonly associated with primary lung tumors. Bone scintigraphy is a sensitive method in detecting HOA and characteristic findings have been reported. We present the case of a man with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer, unremarkable clinical examination and blood tests and no digital clubbing. During disease staging, however, bone scintigraphy showed intense calcaneal cortical proliferation bilaterally without involvement of other parts of the skeleton. Cortical reaction of both calcanei resolved significantly after chemotherapy. This case indicates that HOA may manifest with isolated calcaneal periostitis bilaterally, which is a new addition to the literature.

  14. Osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot

    OpenAIRE

    Malhotra, Rishi; Chan, Claire Shu-Yi; Nather, Aziz

    2014-01-01

    Osteomyelitis (OM) is a common complication of diabetic foot ulcers and/or diabetic foot infections. This review article discusses the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of OM in the diabetic foot. Clinical features that point to the possibility of OM include the presence of exposed bone in the depth of a diabetic foot ulcer. Medical imaging studies include plain radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, and bone scintigraphy. A high index of suspicion is also required to make the...

  15. Anterior process calcaneal fractures: a systematic evaluation of associated conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petrover, David [NYU Hospital for Joint Disease, Radiology Department, New York, NY (United States); Hopital Beaujon, Service de Radiologie, Paris (France); Schweitzer, Mark E. [NYU Hospital for Joint Disease, Radiology Department, New York, NY (United States); Laredo, J.D. [Hopital Lariboisiere, Service de Radiologie, Paris (France)

    2007-07-15

    The objective was to evaluate the association, by MRI, of anterior calcaneal process fractures with tarsal coalitions, ankle sprains, and bifurcate ligament abnormalities. A retrospective review of 1,479 foot and ankle MR images was performed, over a period of 5 years, for isolated anterior process fractures of the calcaneus. Fifteen 1.5-T MR examinations were systematically evaluated by two radiologists in consensus. Marrow edema patterns, presence of a calcaneonavicular coalition, as well as bifurcate and anterior talofibular ligaments, were evaluated. There were 15 fractures of the anterior calcaneal process with an incidence of 1%. The average patient age was 51 years (range 25-82). Twelve patients were women and 3 were men. The majority of the fractures (14 out of 15) presented as an edema pattern on T2-weighted images, either diffuse (9 out of 15), or vertical (5 out of 15). One case did not show marrow edema, but rather a hypointense line. Nine patients (60%) demonstrated calcaneonavicular coalition and anterior calcaneal process fracture. In 6 patients (50%) the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) was thickened. Three patients did not have axial images, and were classified as non-conclusive for the ATFL evaluation. The bifurcate ligament was thickened with hyperintense signal demonstrating a sprain in 9 out of 13 (69%). Only 2 patients (16.5%) had an anterior calcaneal process fracture without any associated abnormality. We believe that there is a probable association of anterior process fractures and calcaneonavicular coalitions. We also feel, based on our results and the prior literature that there is likely also an association with both ATFL injuries and bifurcate ligament injuries. (orig.)

  16. Osteomyelitis of the hand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinder, R; Barlow, G

    2016-05-01

    Osteomyelitis of the hand is uncommon, but if not adequately and promptly treated the detrimental effects on hand function can be devastating. The majority of literature on osteomyelitis relates to the lower limb, but the principles of management are applicable to the hand, with good surgical debridement and culture-guided antimicrobial therapy. For osteomyelitis in general, antibiotic therapy of 4-6 weeks' duration (intravenous and/or oral) is typically recommended. In the hand, length and mode of antibiotic administration are still under study. V. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. Characteristics of calcaneal bone infarction: an MR imaging investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abrahim-Zadeh, R.; Klein, R.M.; Leslie, D.; Norman, A. [Department of Radiology, New York Medical College, Macy Pavillion, Valhalla, NY 10595 (United States)

    1998-06-01

    Objective. Bone infarction (BI) of the calcaneus is an uncommon entity which has received little mention in the recent literature. In this paper, we review the MR images of six calcanei with BI, which demonstrate a pattern of presentation that may explain the etiology of BI at this unusual location. Design. A retrospective review was performed of the transcribed reports of the foot or ankle MR examinations at our institution. MR images of examinations with any marrow signal abnormality were reviewed for presence of BI and its distribution. Patients. Based on MRI criteria, four patients had calcaneal BI (none biopsy proven); they ranged in age from 37 to 51 years old. Two patients were diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, one with fibrositis, and another with polymyositis. All were treated with corticosteroids. Results. Six calcanei (in four patients) contained a region of calcaneal BI. In five of the six, the lesions were entirely or predominantly located in the posterior half of the calcaneus. Conclusion. Two theories are proposed which may explain why BI predominantly occurs in the posterior half of the calcaneus. First, the convergence of the recurrent intraosseous calcaneal vessels may occasionally produce the equivalent of a single dominant vessel that is more prone to vascular accidents. Secondly, the region between the recurrent and the epiphyseal vessels may act as a watershed zone, increasing its susceptibility to ischemia. (orig.) With 4 figs., 1 tab., 8 refs.

  18. The imaging of osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadigh, Sufi; Mankad, Kshitij; Kapse, Nikhil; Rajeswaran, Gajan

    2016-01-01

    Osteomyelitis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults. Imaging plays a crucial role in establishing a timely diagnosis and guiding early management, with the aim of reducing long-term complications. Recognition of the imaging features of osteomyelitis requires a good understanding of its pathogenesis. In this review, the key imaging findings in osteomyelitis are correlated with the underlying pathological processes. There is a particular emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is the best available imaging modality owing to its high sensitivity for detecting early osteomyelitis, excellent anatomical detail and superior soft tissue resolution. However, other modalities such as nuclear medicine and computed tomography (CT) are also useful in many clinical contexts, and will also be described in this review. PMID:27190771

  19. Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Imaging in Calcaneal Fracture Treatment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gwak, Heui-Chul; Kim, Jeon-Gyo; Kim, Jung-Han; Roh, Sang-Myung

    2015-01-01

    ...) fluoroscopic images, which are used in the treatment of acute calcaneal fractures. We retrospectively analyzed 40 patients who suffered calcaneal fracture and underwent surgery at Inje University Busan Paik Hospital...

  20. The new intra-articular calcaneal fracture classification system in term of sustentacular fragment configurations and incorporation of posterior calcaneal facet fractures with fracture components of the calcaneal body

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Harnroongroj, Thossart; Harnroongroj, Thos; Suntharapa, Thongchai; Arunakul, Marut

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a new calcaneal fracture classification system which will consider sustentacular fragment configuration and relation of posterior calcaneal facet to calcaneal body. Methods...

  1. Chronic osteomyelitis in Ilorin, Nigeria | Agaja | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim. To review cases of chronic osteomyelitis managed at a private health institution (Ela Memorial Medical Centre, Ilorin, Nigeria) between March 1995 and February 2005. Patients and methods. Case notes and X-rays of the patients who presented at EMMC with chronic osteomyelitis were reviewed retrospectively. Age ...

  2. Nocardia osteomyelitis in the setting of previously unknown HIV infection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, Sandra Leigh [NYU Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, New York (United States); Jones, Sian; Lee, Julia L. [Mount Sinai Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, New York (United States)

    2005-01-01

    We present a case of primary Nocardia osteomyelitis in the setting of HIV infection. The clinical and radiographic manifestations of musculoskeletal nocardiosis are nonspecific and resemble those of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. To our knowledge no other cases of Nocardia osteomyelitis have been reported in the radiology literature. (orig.)

  3. An Unusual Case of Chronic Osteomyelitis of the Mandible ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chronic osteomyelitis of the mandible subsequent to skin infection is extremely rare. A 7-year old school girl presented with a localized chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible of about 15 months duration, due to spread from skin infection. The patient was subsequently treated by surgical excision of the sinus tract, ...

  4. Calcaneal tendon: imaging findings; Tendao calcaneo: avaliacao por imagem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montandon, Cristiano; Fonseca, Cristiano Rezio; Montandon Junior, Marcelo Eustaquio [Colegio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnostico por Imagem, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: crismontandon@hotmail.com; Lobo, Leonardo Valadares; Ribeiro, Flavia Aparecida de Souza; Teixeira, Kim-Ir-Sen Santos [Goias Univ., Goiania, GO (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas. Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem e Anatomia Patologica

    2003-12-01

    We reviewed the radiological and clinical features of 23 patients with calcaneal tendon diseases, who were submitted to ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging. The objective of this study was to characterize the lesions for a precise diagnosis of calcaneal tendon injuries. A wide range of calcaneal tendon diseases include degenerative lesions, inflammation of the peritendinous tissue such as peritendinitis and bursitis, and rupture. Imaging methods are essential in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of calcaneal tendon diseases. (author)

  5. Estimation of calcaneal loading during standing from human footprint depths using 3D scanner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wibowo, Dwi Basuki; Haryadi, Gunawan Dwi; Widodo, Achmad; Rahayu, Sri Puji

    2017-01-01

    This research studies the relationship between footprint depths and load in the calcaneal area when human standing in an upright posture. Footprint depths are deformation in the calcaneal area obtained from the z-value extraction of the Boolean operation acquired from unloaded foot scanning using 3D scanner and loaded foot using foot plantar scanner. To compare peak loads estimated from footprint depth maximum, force sensing resistor (FSR) sensor is attached over the shoe insole with zero heel height in the calcaneal area. Twenty participants were selected from students of Mechanical Engineering Department Diponegoro University with the average the age and the body weight 19.5 years and 55.27 kg respectively. Results that were relatively accurate was found on the calcaneal loading estimation by footprint depth is presented by curve and data distribution which are in good agreement with the result of the measurement. A significant difference in estimating calcaneal loading is mainly caused by plantar foot position of research subjects which is not perpendicular to foot ankle and hallux. In addition, plantar foot position which bends to front/back/side affects the result of footprint depths.

  6. Ceftobiprole: First Reported Experience in Osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A MacDonald

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A 74-year-old man with long-standing diabetes presented with advanced infection of the right forefoot associated with septic arthritis and osteomyelitis involving the second and third metatarsophalangeal joints. Polymicrobial infection, which included methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, was documented. First-line antibiotic therapy, which included vancomycin, was not tolerated. A durable cure was obtained following a six-week course of intravenous ceftobiprole medocaril combined with local surgery. The present report is the first to administer intravenous ceftobiprole medocaril to a patient with methicillin-resistant S aureus-associated septic arthritis and osteomyelitis.

  7. Nontuberculous mycobacterial osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Sheng; Hu, Fei-Shu; Yu, Hai-Ying; Xu, Kai-Jin; Zheng, Bei-Wen; Ji, Zhong-Kang; Li, Jun-Jie; Deng, Mei; Hu, Hai-Yang; Sheng, Ji-Fang

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Osteomyelitis caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) can have severe consequences and a poor prognosis. Physicians therefore need to be alert to this condition, especially in immunocompromised patients. Although the pathogenesis of NTM osteomyelitis is still unclear, studies in immunodeficient individuals have revealed close relationships between NTM osteomyelitis and defects associated with the interleukin-12–interferon-γ–tumor necrosis factor-α axis, as well as human immunodeficiency virus infection, various immunosuppressive conditions, and diabetes mellitus. Culture and species identification from tissue biopsies or surgical debridement tissue play crucial roles in diagnosing NTM osteomyelitis. Suitable imaging examinations are also important. Adequate surgical debridement and the choice of appropriate, combined antibiotics for long-term anti-mycobacterial chemotherapy, based on in vitro drug susceptibility tests, are the main therapies for these bone infections. Bacillus Calmette–Guerin vaccination might have limited prophylactic value. The use of multiple drugs and long duration of treatment mean that the therapeutic process needs to be monitored closely to detect potential side effects. Adequate duration of anti-mycobacterial chemotherapy together with regular monitoring with blood and imaging tests are key factors determining the recovery outcome in patients with NTM osteomyelitis. PMID:25915177

  8. Recommendations for the treatment of osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lucia L. Lima

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available With the advances in surgical treatment, antibiotic therapy and the current resources for accurate diagnosis and differentiated approaches to each type of osteomyelitis, better results are being obtained in the treatment of this disease. After a careful literature review carried out by a multiprofessional team, some conclusions were made in order to guide medical approach to different types of osteomyelitis, aiming to obtain better clinical outcomes and reducing the social costs of this disease. Acute and chronic osteomyelitis are discussed, with presentation of the general epidemiological concepts and the commonly used classification systems. The main guidelines for the clinical, laboratory and imaging diagnosis of infections are discussed, as well as the guidelines for surgical and antimicrobial treatments, and the role of hyperbaric oxygen as adjuvant therapy.

  9. Classification of Calcaneal Spurs and Their Relationship With Plantar Fasciitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Binghua; Zhou, You; Tao, Xu; Yuan, Chengsong; Tang, Kanglai

    2015-01-01

    Calcaneal spurs, as a cause of plantar fasciitis, are currently debatable. A prospective study was performed to classify calcaneal spurs according to the findings from an investigation of the relationship between calcaneal spurs and plantar fasciitis. Thirty patients with calcaneal spurs and plantar heel pain underwent calcaneal spur removal and endoscopic plantar fasciotomy. The relationship between the classification of calcaneal spurs and plantar fasciitis was evaluated by endoscopic findings, clinical symptoms, radiographic images, and biopsy findings. The visual analog scale for pain and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scores for functional evaluation were used preoperatively and postoperatively, respectively. The mean follow-up period was 24 months. Two separate types of calcaneal spurs were recognized. Type A calcaneal spurs were located superior to the plantar fascia insertion, and type B calcaneal spurs were located within the plantar fascia. Magnetic resonance imaging results showed a more severe plantar fasciitis grade in type B calcaneal spurs preoperatively. Histologic examination showed that the numbers of granulocytes per image in type B spurs were significantly increased compared with those in type A spurs. Statistically significant improvements were found in the mean visual analog scale and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scores and magnetic resonance imaging results in both groups. The amount of change in the visual analog scale score and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score, the number of granulocytes per image, and calcaneal spur length showed a high association with the classification of the calcaneal spurs. Calcaneal spurs were completely removed and did not recur in any of the patients on radiographic assessment during the follow-up period. Calcaneal spurs can be classified into 2 distinct types that are indicative of the severity of plantar fasciitis. Copyright © 2015 American College of

  10. Nocardia brasiliensis vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Philip; Ammar, Hussam

    2013-04-11

    Nocardia species exist in the environment as a saprophyte; it is found worldwide in soil and decaying plant matter. They often infect patients with underlying immune compromise, pulmonary disease or history of trauma or surgery. The diagnosis of nocardiosis can be easily missed as it mimics many other granulomatous and neoplastic disease. We report a 69-year-old man who presented with chronic back pain and paraparesis. He was found to have Nocardial brasiliensis vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscess. Laminectomy and epidural wash out was performed but with no neurological recovery. This is the second reported case of N brasiliensis vertebral osteomyelitis in the literature.

  11. Do we really need radiographic assessment for the diagnosis of non-specific heel pain (calcaneal apophysitis) in children?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kose, Ozkan [Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic, Diyarbakir (Turkey); Diclekent Bulvari, Ataslar Serhat Evleri, Diyarbakir (Turkey)

    2010-04-15

    Non-specific heel pain (calcaneal apophysitis) is a common disorder, particularly in physically active growing children. Foot radiographs are usually obtained as part of the clinical evaluation in routine orthopaedic practice. However, there is still controversy about the specific findings on radiographs, and it is unclear what information is present on radiographs that may alter the diagnosis and management. The purpose of this study was to review a consecutive series of patients with the diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis to assess the yield of routine radiographs of the foot. A prospective study was performed on 61 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis in a single-surgeon practice. Standard anteroposterior and lateral weight-bearing foot radiographs were obtained for each patient. Seventy-one sets of foot radiographs were reviewed to determine whether radiographs had an impact on diagnosis and management. Patients with antecedent trauma, penetrating injury, foot deformity, achilles tendonitis, bursitis and infections were excluded from the study. Seventy foot radiographs were considered to be normal. The radiographs changed the diagnosis in only one patient, in whom a simple bone cyst of the calcaneous was seen. Calcaneal apophysitis is a self-limiting disease, and patients can be treated conservatively. Neither the sclerosis nor the fragmentation of the apophysis could be used to establish the diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis. Therefore, obtaining radiographs as an initial step in their evaluation does not seem to be justified. (orig.)

  12. Extensive thoracolumbosacral vertebral osteomyelitis after Lemierre syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kempen, D. H R; van Dijk, M.; Hoepelman, A. I M|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074382160; Oner, F. C.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/188615326; Verlaan, J. J.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/269057285

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To present a unique case of multilevel vertebral osteomyelitis after Lemierre syndrome. Methods: A previously healthy 27-year-old man presented in the Emergency Department in septic shock because of Lemierre syndrome for which he was subsequently treated with intravenous benzylpenicillin

  13. Operative treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures with calcaneal plates and its complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rak Vaclav

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In a retrospective study we analysed intra-articular calcaneal fracture treatment by comparing results and complications related to fracture stabilization with nonlocking calcaneal plates and locking compression plates. Materials and Methods: We performed 76 osteosynthesis (67 patients of intra-articular calcaneal fractures using the standard extended lateral approach from February 2004 to October 2007. Forty-two operations using nonlocking calcaneal plates (group A were performed during the first three years, and 34 calcaneal fractures were stabilized using locking compression plates (group B in 2007. In the Sanders type IV fractures, reconstruction of the calcaneal shape was attempted. Depending on the type of late complication, we performed subtalar arthroscopy in six cases, arthroscopically assisted subtalar distraction bone block arthrodesis in six cases, and plate removal with lateral-wall decompression in five cases. The patients were evaluated by the AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Scale. Results: Wound healing complications were 7/42 (17% in group A and 1/34 (3% in group B. No patient had deep osseous infection or foot rebound compartment syndrome. Preoperative size of Bφhler´s angle correlated with postoperative clinical results in both groups. There were no late complications necessitating corrective procedure or arthroscopy until December 2008 in Group B. All late complications ccurred in Group A. The overall results according to the AOFAS Ankle Hindfoot Scale were good or excellent in 23/42 (55% in group A and in 30/34 (85% in group B. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of intra-articular calcaneal fractures has become a standard surgical method. Fewer complications and better results related to treatment with locking compression plates confirmed in comparison to nonlocking ones were noted for all Sanders types of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Age and Sanders type IV fractures are not considered to be the

  14. Subtalar arthroscopy with calcaneal skeletal traction in a hanging position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyong Nyun; Ryu, Seung Ryol; Park, Jung Min; Park, Yong Wook

    2012-01-01

    Several arthroscopic approaches to the subtalar joint have been developed in the supine, lateral, or prone position. However, it is difficult to use the posteromedial portal with the patient in the supine or lateral position and the anterolateral portal with the patient prone. Furthermore, obtaining joint distraction in the lateral or prone position is difficult. We present a technique that enables the combination of 2 posterior portals and lateral portals to the subtalar joint with calcaneal skeletal traction in a hanging position for better visualization and instrumentation of the joint. Copyright © 2012 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Calcaneal Fractures and Böhler’s Angle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindsey Spiegelman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available History of present illness: 40-year-old male presents to the emergency department after falling off a ladder. He was repairing a window when he fell, landing on the ground 12 feet below. The patient landed onto his feet bilaterally and then fell backwards onto his buttocks. On arrival, the patient had bilateral foot pain. He denied any back pain, headache, or loss of consciousness. Significant findings: The right ankle lateral radiograph shows a comminuted, non-displaced fracture of the posterior calcaneus (red arrow in addition to fracture fragments along the heel pad margin (blue arrow. The left ankle lateral radiograph shows a displaced, comminuted fracture of the mid to posterior calcaneus with extension into the subtalar joint posteriorly (purple arrow. There is subcutaneous air seen anteriorly to the tibiotalar joint space (green arrow in addition to a joint effusion. Of note, the Böhler’s angle in the left x-ray is 16 degrees which is consistent with a fracture (see red annotation showing Böhler’s angle. Discussion: Calcaneal fractures occur typically in adults who have undergone significant axial load on their feet secondary to a fall from high height.2,3 There are two broad types of calcaneal fractures: intraarticular and extraarticular.2 The intraarticular fractures are colloquially referred to as a “Lover’s Fracture” as they have been known to occur in those jumping out of a tall window to escape the wrath of a lover’s spouse.1 Calcaneal fractures are best diagnosed with a CT scan or with lateral x-ray by measuring Böhler’s angle.2,3 This is the angle formed by the intersection of two lines demonstrated on a normal lateral ankle radiograph. The first line is drawn between the superior aspect of the anterior process of the calcaneus (point A and the superior edge of the posterior articular facet (point B. The second line is drawn between the superior aspect of the posterior calcaneal tuberosity (point C and point B.2

  16. Structure of the Achilles tendon at the insertion on the calcaneal tuberosity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edama, Mutsuaki; Kubo, Masayoshi; Onishi, Hideaki; Takabayashi, Tomoya; Yokoyama, Erika; Inai, Takuma; Watanabe, Hiroshi; Nashimoto, Satoshi; Kageyama, Ikuo

    2016-11-01

    Findings on the twisting structure and insertional location of the AT on the calcaneal tuberosity are inconsistent. Therefore, to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying insertional Achilles tendinopathy, clarification of the anatomy of the twisting structure and location of the AT insertion onto the calcaneal tuberosity is important. The purpose of this study was to reveal the twisted structure of the AT and the location of its insertion onto the calcaneal tuberosity using Japanese cadavers. The study was conducted using 132 legs from 74 cadavers (mean age at death, 78.3 ± 11.1 years; 87 sides from men, 45 from women). Only soleus (Sol) attached to the deep layer of the calcaneal tuberosity was classified as least twist (Type I), both the lateral head of the gastrocnemius (LG) and Sol attached to the deep layer of the calcaneal tuberosity were classified as moderate twist (Type II), and only LG attached to the deep layer of the calcaneal tuberosity was classified as extreme twist (Type III). The Achilles tendon insertion onto the calcaneal tuberosity was classified as a superior, middle or inferior facet. Twist structure was Type I (least) in 31 legs (24%), Type II (moderate) in 87 legs (67%), and Type III (extreme) in 12 legs (9%). A comparison between males and females revealed that among men, 20 legs (24%) were Type I, 57 legs (67%) Type II, and eight legs (9%) Type III. Among women, 11 legs (24%) were Type I, 30 legs (67%) Type II, and four legs (9%) Type III. No significant differences were apparent between sexes. The fascicles of the Achilles tendon attach mainly in the middle facet. Anterior fibers of the Achilles tendon, where insertional Achilles tendinopathy is most likely, are Sol in Type I, LG and Sol in Type II, and LG only in Type III. This suggests the possibility that a different strain is produced in the anterior fibers of the Achilles tendon (calcaneal side) where insertional Achilles tendinopathy is most likely to occur in

  17. Osteomyelitis in burn patients requiring skeletal fixation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barret, JP; Desai, MH; Herndon, DN

    Deep and severe burns often present with the exposure of musculoskeletal structures and severe deformities. Skeletal fixation, suspension and/or traction are part of their comprehensive treatment. Several factors put burn patients at risk for osteomyelitis, osteosynthesis material being one of them.

  18. Ewing sarcoma versus osteomyelitis: differential diagnosis with magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henninger, B.; Glodny, B.; Rudisch, A.; Trieb, T.; Loizides, A.; Judmaier, W.; Schocke, M.F. [Innsbruck Medical University, Department of Radiology, Innsbruck (Austria); Putzer, D. [Innsbruck Medical University, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Innsbruck (Austria)

    2013-08-15

    To find and evaluate characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns for the differentiation between Ewing sarcoma and osteomyelitis. We identified 28 consecutive patients referred to our department for MRI (1.5 T) of an unclear bone lesion with clinical symptoms suggestive of Ewing sarcoma or osteomyelitis. MRI scans were re-evaluated by two experienced radiologists, typical MR imaging features were documented and a diagnostic decision between Ewing sarcoma and osteomyelitis was made. Statistical significance of the association between MRI features and the biopsy-based diagnosis was assessed using Fisher's exact test. The most clear-cut pattern for determining the correct diagnosis was the presence of a sharp and defined margin of the bone lesion, which was found in all patients with Ewing sarcoma, but in none of the patients with osteomyelitis (P < 0.0001). Contrast enhancing soft tissue was present in all cases with Ewing sarcoma and absent in 4 patients with osteomyelitis (P = 0.0103). Cortical destruction was found in all patients with Ewing sarcoma, 4 patients with osteomyelitis did not present any cortical reaction (P = 0.0103). Cystic or necrotic areas were identified in 13 patients with Ewing sarcoma and in 1 patient with osteomyelitis (P = 0.004). Interobserver reliability was very good (kappa = 1) in Ewing sarcoma and moderate (kappa = 0.6) in patients with osteomyelitis. A sharp and defined margin, optimally visualized on T1-weighted images in comparison to short tau inversion recovery (STIR) images, is the most significant feature of Ewing sarcoma in differentiating from osteomyelitis. (orig.)

  19. An etiological dilemma in osteomyelitis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparna Muraleedharan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process that can involve cortical and trabecular aspects of bone or bone marrow. This case report describes an interesting presentation of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis in a 22-year-old male patient who visited the dental clinic with a chief complaint of facial asymmetry and esthetic concern only. The history, examination, radiographic and histopathological investigations contributed to the diagnosis of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis; however, the etiology remained a dilemma. Treatment included surgical debridement and curettage followed by antibiotics.

  20. Periostitis ossificans (Garrè's osteomyelitis): An unusual case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Deepesh; Subramaniam, Priya; Bhayya, Panduranga Deepak

    2015-01-01

    Garrè's sclerosing osteomyelitis is a specific type of chronic osteomyelitis that mainly affects children and young adults and is commonly associated with odontogenic infection. The paper describes an unusual case of Garrè's osteomyelitis in an 11-year-old boy, in whom the condition arose following poor oral hygiene and periodontal problems in relation to permanent mandibular left first molar. Clinically the patient presented with bony hard, nontender swelling and the occlusal radiograph revealed pathognomic feature of "onion skin" appearance.

  1. Chronic osteomyelitis: a continuing orthopaedic challenge in developing countries

    OpenAIRE

    Museru, L.M.; Mcharo, C.N.

    2001-01-01

    Nine patients with chronic osteomyelitis, three with problems due to diagnosis, three with dilemmas regarding treatment and three with other complications are presented. It is suggested that although the diagnosis of osteomyelitis in most cases is straightforward, presentation might sometimes be similar to other conditions, which can lead to a dilemma in the diagnosis. Because of the formidable complications, which may be difficult to manage and the difficulty in guaranteeing permanent cure, ...

  2. Symphysis Pubis Osteomyelitis with Bilateral Adductor Muscles Abscess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad M. Alqahtani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of the pubis symphysis is a rare condition. There have been various reports in the literature of inflammation and osteomyelitis as well as septic arthritis of pubic symphysis. However, due to the fact that these conditions are rare and that the usual presenting symptoms are very nonspecific, osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis is often misdiagnosed, thus delaying definitive treatment. We present a case that to our knowledge is the first case in literature of osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis in a 17-year-old boy with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA, which was initially misdiagnosed and progressed to bilateral adductor abscesses. A high suspicion of such condition should be considered in a JIA patient who presents with symphysis or thigh pain.

  3. Maxillary Osteomyelitis: A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayaaz Habib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of the maxilla is now a rare event with the advent of antibiotics. The two predominant causes are odontogenic infections and sinusitis. Immunocompromised states such as diabetes, HIV, and malnutrition increase the risk of osteomyelitis. It is important to recognize this early as it is a difficult entity to treat with potentially serious consequences. We report an unusual case of right sided maxillary osteomyelitis in a lady with poorly controlled diabetes in rural Lincolnshire. Biopsy of the right maxillary bone showed features of acute osteomyelitis. This responded well to a prolonged course of oral antibiotics.

  4. Ultrasonographic diagnostics and evaluation of calcaneal fracture: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukač Damir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Radiography is the standard tool in the diagnostics of bone fractures. This paper presents a case of calcaneal fracture diagnosed by ultrasonography that was also used in the follow-up of recovery progress. Case Outline. A 68-year-old male patient was diagnosed avulsion fracture of the calcaneus by ultra-sonography (US examination using a multi-frequency linear probe (7-15 MHz and confirmed by X-ray findings; US also provided insight into the dynamics of the reparatory processes. Control examinations were performed on day 14, 21, 30, 60 and 300 (10 months after the occurrence of the fracture. During this time rehabilitation process was carried out. The diameters of the wedge defect of the calcaneus were measured by US for the follow-up of the healing process of the injured bone. Postero-anterior (PA or longitudinal diameter and latero-medial or medio-lateral or transverse diameter were measured. Conclusion. Study results indicate a possible use of US in the diagnostics of fractures and monitoring of calcaneal healing.

  5. Nanocidals therapy for osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qadri, Shahnaz Majid

    Infection is a major medical problem that causes serious complications including patient death. The mortality rate of invasive infection has reduced significantly since the introduction of antibiotherapy. However, the resistance to antibiotic is becoming a serious medical problem that resulted in high medical cost. The overall aim of this study is to evaluate a potential inorganic route (metalo-antibiotic) to treat localized infections that require long-term antibiotic treatment combined with medical and surgical intervention. In this study osteomyelitis (bone infection) was selected as a model to evaluate the inorganic route to treat infection. Osteomyelitis is a progressive infection that could result in amputation and patient death. The metalo-antibiotics are faster to develop than antibiotics and have shown great efficacy against a wide range of bacterial infection. A unique composition of particles with ability to extend their residual efficacy on bacteria for an extended time compared to conventional antibiotics was synthesized and evaluated in this study. The in vitro experiments demonstrated the metalo-antibiotics to treat cellular internal infections without damaging the home cell. The in vivo toxicity experiments demonstrated a tolerance of the particles for doses that are 20 times higher than the anticipated treatment dose. A murine mouse model for osteomyelitis was developed. The efficacy of the metalo-antibiotics on the induced osteomyelitis was evaluated. A significant decrease in infection in the bones treated with nanoparticles was observed. By delivering optimal concentration of nanoparticles in mouse models there was no sign of pathology seen in mouse. Overall, this study has two main impacts: a) creation of inorganic routes to fight against bacterial infection particularly those requiring long-term antibiotic or surgical treatment b) reduction of critical technical risk through generation of pre-clinical data of the employment of inorganic

  6. Acute Osteomyelitis of the Symphysis Pubis after Inguinal Hernia Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Recep Tekin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of pubic symphysis is infectious inflammatory condition of the symphysis pubis and rare complication of surgery around inguinal and groin region. It should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of lower pelvic pain and should be sought in cases of pelvic insufficiency fractures. Herein, we present a case of a 55-year-old man with osteomyelitis of the symphysis pubis following inguinal hernia surgery for diagnosis and management of this rare condition.

  7. Calcaneal loading during walking and running

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giddings, V. L.; Beaupre, G. S.; Whalen, R. T.; Carter, D. R.

    2000-01-01

    PURPOSE: This study of the foot uses experimentally measured kinematic and kinetic data with a numerical model to evaluate in vivo calcaneal stresses during walking and running. METHODS: External ground reaction forces (GRF) and kinematic data were measured during walking and running using cineradiography and force plate measurements. A contact-coupled finite element model of the foot was developed to assess the forces acting on the calcaneus during gait. RESULTS: We found that the calculated force-time profiles of the joint contact, ligament, and Achilles tendon forces varied with the time-history curve of the moment about the ankle joint. The model predicted peak talocalcaneal and calcaneocuboid joint loads of 5.4 and 4.2 body weights (BW) during walking and 11.1 and 7.9 BW during running. The maximum predicted Achilles tendon forces were 3.9 and 7.7 BW for walking and running. CONCLUSIONS: Large magnitude forces and calcaneal stresses are generated late in the stance phase, with maximum loads occurring at approximately 70% of the stance phase during walking and at approximately 60% of the stance phase during running, for the gait velocities analyzed. The trajectories of the principal stresses, during both walking and running, corresponded to each other and qualitatively to the calcaneal trabecular architecture.

  8. Calcaneal Bone Mass Modification in Recreational Runners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escamilla-Martínez, Elena; Martínez-Nova, Alfonso; Gómez-Martín, Beatriz; Sánchez-Rodríguez, Raquel; Fernández-Seguín, Lourdes María; Pedrera-Zamorano, Juan Diego

    2016-11-01

    The calcaneus is the bone of the foot that first receives the impact of running, generating vibrations that might have a positive effect in modifying the trabecular bone mass. The objective of this study was to determine the variation in calcaneal bone density in runners during a 6-month training season, comparing it with a control sample. Bone density of the heel was measured in 33 male recreational runners by means of a contact ultrasonic bone analyzer. Measurements were made on three occasions during a training season: at the beginning, at 350 km, and at 700 km. All of the runners wore the same model of running shoes during this period. Measurements of bone density were also made in a control sample of 62 men who did not engage in physical exercise. There was a significant decrease in mean calcaneal bone density over the course of the training season (from 86.1 dB/MHz to 83.2 dB/MHz; P = .006), but no significant differences with the control sample value (from 80.7 dB/MHz to 81.1 dB/MHz; P = .314). The runners' body composition changed during the study period, with lean mass increasing and fat mass decreasing. Distance running seems to have a negative effect on calcaneal bone mass density during the course of a 700-km training season.

  9. Outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of intraarticular calcaneal fracture fixed with locking calcaneal plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Saurabh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Objective: Debate continues regarding the management of calcaneal fractures, between open re- duction and internal fixation and closed treatment. Hence we aim at evaluating the radiological and functional out- comes of open reduction and internal fixation in displaced joint depression type of calcaneal fractures fixed with lock- ing calcaneal plate. Methods: In this series, 28 patients (26 unilateral and 2 bilateral with joint depression type of calcaneal fractures as per Essex-Lopresti classification system were operated on with locking calcaneal plate within 3 weeks of injury. Patients were evaluated in terms of associated injuries and X-rays of anteroposterior, lateral and axial views of the calcaneum. CT scan was done to assess the amount of com- minution and articular depression. Patients were followed up clinically and radiologically at least for 1 year. Radiologi- cal assessment was done by Bohler’s angle and Gissane’s angle along with measurement of calcaneal height and width. Functional outcome was assessed using the American Or- thopaedics Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS scale. Results: At average follow-up of 14.5 months, average AOFAS score was 86.3 (range 66 to 97, with 86% having excellent to good results and 2 (7.7% and 1 (3.7% having fair and poor results respectively. All patients had stable ankle joint with all having dorsiflexion and plantar flexion more than 30°. Average subtalar range of motion was 17°. The mean Bohler’s angle, mean Gissane’s angle, calcaneal height and width were 25.47°, 121.3°, 4.32 cm and 3.81cm respectively at final follow-up. Three patients had flap ne- crosis at incision site and one had superficial and deep infection. Subtalar arthritis was seen in 5 patients, whereas sural nerve hypoaesthesia in 1 patient. None of the patients had compartment syndrome, heel pad problems, peroneal tendinitis, reflex sympathetic dystropy or implant failure. Conclusion: Open reduction and

  10. Staphylococcus lugdunensis: A Rare Pathogen for Osteomyelitis of the Foot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kear, Shelby; Smith, Collin; Mirmiran, Roya; Hofinger, Diedre

    2016-01-01

    Staphylococcus lugdunensis is an aggressive gram-positive bacteria that can lead to devastating infections in humans. S. lugdunensis has been associated with rare cases of osteomyelitis of the vertebra, prosthetic implants, and endocarditis. Reports of this organism associated with osteomyelitis of the foot or ankle have been infrequent. We present a unique case of acute osteomyelitis of a foot caused by S. lugdunensis after a patient stepped on a thorn. Our case is unique, because the radiographic changes were noted within 4 days, despite normal plain films and magnetic resonance images on the day of admission. This finding suggests the aggressiveness and virulence of S. lugdunensis. In addition, we report the first case of foot osteomyelitis as a result of isolated S. lugdunensis that involved 2 distinct specimens with 2 different antibiotic sensitivity reports. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Case Report & Review of Literature – the Unusual Case of Osteomyelitis of the Acromion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Hughes

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Localised acute osteomyelitis of the acromion has not been previously reported in the literature. We present a case report of a 15 year old male who presented with a 4 day history of shoulder tip pain and symptoms of SIRS. Investigation revealed localised osteomyelitis of the acromion with positive blood culture for staphylococcus. He was treated successfully with intravenous and oral antibiotics. In this article is discussed the aetiology, radiological appearances and treatment of osteomyelitis. This case report highlights the potential association of osteomyelitis with acne, the importance of its early recognition and treatment to avoid complications.

  12. Primary Sternal Osteomyelitis Caused by Actinomyces israelii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Ho Lee

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Primary sternal osteomyelitis is a rare disease. Common infectious organisms causing primary sternal osteomyelitis include Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Actinomyces species are common saprophytes of the oral cavity, but there have been few reports in the literature of primary sternal osteomyelitis caused by Actinomyces species. We describe a case of primary sternal osteomyelitis caused by Actinomyces israelii without pulmonary involvement.

  13. A rare pathogen for subacute osteomyelitis in adolescent: Serratia marcescens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turgut, Necmettin; Akgul, Turgut; Arzu, Ufuk; Batıbay, Sefa Giray; Ekinci, Mehmet; Şen, Cengiz; Korkmaz, Murat

    2015-01-01

    There are various pathogens reported for osteomyelitis. Osteomyelitis is bone infection which produces pain and fever, also threatens bone instability. It can lead to nonunion. The purpose of this report was to describe a case with union delay of the tibia due to serratia marcescens osteomyelitis. Serratia marcescens is an unexpected pathogen for subacute osteomyelitis in adolescence. Because of difficulty of diagnosis, treatment can be delayed or the situation can cause complications like nonunion or loss of function. Serratia marcescens is an unexpected pathogen for subacute osteomyelitis in adolescence. Because of difficulty of diagnosis, treatment can be delayed or cause complications like nonunion or loss of function. We present a meningomyelocele female adolescent operated with distal tibia varus osteotomy for correcting ankle valgus deformity. Insufficient healing was determined at osteotomy side on radiographs. The patient's erythrocyte sedimentation rate and CRP level was slightly higher with minimal clinical inflammation. MRI examination showed abscess formation at T2 imaging. Debridement, grafting and circular external fixation was performed. Sulperazon was started for drug therapy. Union was achieved after compression and distraction osteogenesis by circular external fixator. Orthopedic surgeons should be aware of opportunistic infections like serratia and keep in mind as a probable cause of disease. Osteomyelitis is one of our main problems in orthopedics. Serratia does not come to mind as a causative factor when we learn the patient has osteomyelitis. We give treatment for the most expected pathogens like staphylococcus species firstly. This shows us the importance of bone biopsies and wound culture tests. Presented case is diagnosed as serratia osteomyelitis after culture results and given treatment with antibiotics and debridement. Orthopedic surgeons should be aware of opportunistic infections like serratia and keep in mind when diagnosing the

  14. Complications in calcaneal fracture surgery and implant removal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Backes, M.

    2017-01-01

    This thesis focuses on postoperative wound complications in calcaneal fracture surgery and implant removal. The extended lateral approach (ELA) in calcaneal fracture surgery is hampered with high rates of postoperative wound infection (POWI) of up to 25%. No placement of a closed suction drain is

  15. Aspergillus Osteomyelitis: Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, Management, and Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamaletsou, Maria N.; Rammaert, Blandine; Bueno, Marimelle A.; Moriyama, Brad; Sipsas, Nikolaos V.; Kontoyiannis, Dimitrios P.; Roilides, Emmanuel; Zeller, Valerie; Prinapori, Roberta; Tajaldeen, Saad Jaber; Brause, Barry; Lortholary, Olivier; Walsh, Thomas J.

    2014-01-01

    Background The epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of Aspergillus osteomyelitis are not well understood. Methods Protocol-defined cases of Aspergillus osteomyelitis published in the English literature were reviewed for comorbidities, microbiology, mechanisms of infection, clinical manifestations, radiological findings, inflammatory biomarkers, antifungal therapy, and outcome. Results Among 180 evaluable patients, 127 (71%) were males. Possible predisposing medical conditions in 103 (57%) included pharmacological immunosuppression, primary immunodeficiency, and neutropenia. Seventy-three others (41%) had prior open fracture, trauma or surgery. Eighty (44%) followed a hematogenous mechanism, 58 (32%) contiguous infections, and 42 (23%) direct inoculation. Aspergillus osteomyelitis was the first manifestation of aspergillosis in 77%. Pain and tenderness were present in 80%. The most frequently infected sites were vertebrae (46%), cranium (23%), ribs (16%), and long bones (13%). Patients with vertebral Aspergillus osteomyelitis had more previous orthopedic surgery (19% vs 0%; P=0.02), while those with cranial osteomyelitis had more diabetes mellitus (32% vs 8%; P=0.002) and prior head/neck surgery (12% vs 0%; P=0.02). Radiologic findings included osteolysis, soft-tissue extension, and uptake on T2-weighted images. Vertebral body Aspergillus osteomyelitis was complicated by spinal-cord compression in 47% and neurological deficits in 41%. Forty-four patients (24%) received only antifungal therapy, while 121(67%) were managed with surgery and antifungal therapy. Overall mortality was 25%. Median duration of therapy was 90 days (range, 10–772 days). There were fewer relapses in patients managed with surgery plus antifungal therapy in comparison to those managed with antifungal therapy alone (8% vs 30%; P=0.006). Conclusions Aspergillus osteomyelitis is a debilitating infection affecting both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. The most

  16. Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis in a Five-Month-Old Male with Rickets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia J. Santiago

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is defined as an infection of the bone, bone marrow, and the surrounding soft tissues. Most cases of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in children are caused by Gram-positive bacteria, principally Staphylococcus aureus. We present a case where a 5-month-old male had an acute onset of decreased movement of his left leg and increased irritability and was subsequently diagnosed with rickets and hematogenous osteomyelitis with bacteremia. The case explores a possible association between hematogenous osteomyelitis and rickets.

  17. Local osteogenic expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and systemic response in porcine models of osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Louise K.; Iburg, Tine M.; Nielsen, Ole L.

    2012-01-01

    It is suggested that cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) derived prostaglandins contributes to the progressive bone loss seen in osteomyelitis lesions. In the present study we examined the expression of COX-2 in bones from 23 pigs with experimental osteomyelitis. Osteomyelitis was induced with Staphylococcus...... in vivo study showing an early wave of COX-2 mediated bone resorption during osteomyelitis. Therefore, treatment aiming to reduce the break down of bone tissue directed by the COX-2 pathway might be suggested early in the course of the disease....

  18. Infantile maxillary sinus osteomyelitis mimicking orbital cellulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagarajan Krishnan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Periorbital soft tissue swelling may result due to primary orbital pathology or from adjacent facio-maxillary or sino-nasal inflammatory causes. Osteomyelitis of maxilla in the pediatric age group is a rare entity in this era of antibiotics. We present an 11-month-old female infant who was brought with peri-orbital selling and purulent nasal discharge. Computed Tomography showed erosions of the walls of maxillary sinus suggestive of osteomyelitis. Culture of sinus scraping showed Staphylococcus aureus growth and the child improved with intravenous cloxacillin therapy. This case is presented due to the rarity of its presentation in this age group and for awareness to consider this entity in children having fever and peri-orbital swelling.

  19. Measurement technique of calcaneal varus from axial view radiograph

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thossart Harnroongroj

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medial displaced posterior calcaneal tubercle creates varus deformity of an intraarticular calcaneal fracture. The fracture involves posterior calcaneal facet and the calcaneal body so we developed a measurement technique representing the angle between posterior facet and long axis of calcaneus using lateral malleolus and longitudinal bone trabeculae of posterior calcaneal tubercle as references to obtain calcaneal varus angle. Materials and Methods: 52 axial view calcaneal radiographs of 26 volunteers were studied. Angles between posterior facet and long axis of calcaneus were measured using the measurements 1 and 2. Angle of measurement 1, as gold standard, was obtained from long axis and posterior facet of calcaneus whereas measurement 2 was obtained from a line, perpendicular to apex curve of lateral cortex of the lateral malleolus and a line parallel to the longitudinal bone trabeculae of posterior calcaneal tubercle. No more than 3° of difference in the angle of both measurements was accepted. Reliability of the measurement 2 was statistically tested. Results: Angles of measurement 1 and 2 were 90.04° ± 4.00° and 90.58° ± 3.78°. Mean of different degrees of both measurements was 0.54° ± 2.31° with 95% of confidence interval: 0.10°-1.88°. The statistical analysis of measurement 1 and 2 showed more than 0.75 of ICC and 0.826 of Pearson correlation coefficient. Conclusion: Technique of measurement 2 using lateral malleolus and longitudinal bone trabeculae of posterior calcaneal tubercle as references has strong reliability for representing the angle between long axis and posterior facet of calcaneus to achieve calcaneal varus angle.

  20. Aneurysmal Bone Cyst: An Uncommon Secondary Event in Calcaneal Chondroblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barman, Sandip; Diwaker, Preeti; Bansal, Divya; Wadhwa, Neelam; Singh, Gurvinder

    2016-06-01

    Chondroblastoma is an uncommon benign bone tumour, involvement of epiphysis of long bones is typical. Chondroblastoma of the calcaneum is uncommon and its association with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst is even rarer. Only two cases of calcaneal chondroblastoma associated with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst have been reported till date. A 22-year-old male presented to the department of orthopaedics with complains of pain and swelling in the left heel since the last 10 months. On clinico-radiological grounds differentials considered were giant cell tumour of bone and aneurysmal bone cyst. In view of the histopathological findings of bone curettage and results of special stain and immunohistochemical marker, final diagnosis of chondroblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst, left calcaneum was rendered. Although rare, chondroblastoma should always be considered in osteolytic lesions of calcaneum. The identification of secondary aneurysmal bone cyst component is important as it has higher chances of recurrence than usual chondroblastoma.

  1. Osteomyelitis: a current challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Souza Jorge

    Full Text Available Over the last 30 years, the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis has almost been totally elucidated, and many factors responsible for the persistence of this infection have been identified. Numerous antimicrobial agents with distinct spectrums of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics have been used in its treatment. Surgical techniques, including muscle grafts, the Ilizarov technique, and antibiotic bone cements, have been applied. However, bone infections are still a challenge. Despite the importance of isolation and identification of microorganisms to determine the antimicrobial treatment of bone infections, there are few systematic national studies about the etiological profile of these diseases. This article describes the current knowledge of osteomyelitis and summarizes published national data based on the experience of different Orthopedic and Traumatology Services. In general, S. aureus was described as an important etiological agent; however, the difference in design of national studies makes a comparison between the prevalence of bone infection, the associated risk factors, and the different therapeutic approaches difficult. In conclusion, effort is necessary in order to stimulate systematic national studies in different Orthopedics and Traumatology Services to obtain a better consensus on preventive measures and therapies of bone infections.

  2. The management of osteomyelitis in the adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffulli, N; Papalia, R; Zampogna, B; Torre, G; Albo, E; Denaro, V

    2016-12-01

    Osteomyelitis (OM) is considered one of the most challenging medical conditions an orthopaedic surgeon has to face. Much debate is present concerning diagnosis and treatment, especially about differences between acute and chronic forms of the condition. The main aim of the present work is to show the key points where research should be implemented. Online database were searched to find evidence about the clinical management of osteomyelitis. Clinical randomized trials, case series, prospective cohort studies reporting on diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic osteomyelitis were taken into consideration. Cadaveric studies, laboratory studies, case reports, review articles and meta-analyses were excluded. Furthermore, studies concerning implant related OM were excluded. Studies in English, Spanish and French were considered in this process of inclusion. The cohorts of all the included studies were composed of adult patients. The main growpoints concerning OM are the identification of a correct laboratory test array to allow a prompt diagnosis and provide a sensitive and specific detection of the bacterial species involved, along with antibiotic drug resistance; optimal imaging techniques, according to the phase of the infection, have to be performed, to avoid unnecessary medical expenses; the identification of a suitable compromise between intravenous and oral drugs administration. A flow chart is proposed for optimal clinical management of this pathology. More work should be carried out to clarify the main issues concerning the clinical management of osteomyelitis in adult patients. Copyright © 2016 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Osteomyelitis complicating Streptococcus milleri endocarditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barham, N. J.; Flint, E. J.; Mifsud, R. P.

    1990-01-01

    A patient with osteomyelitis of the spine complicating bacterial endocarditis due to Streptococcus milleri is discussed. To our knowledge, this is the first time this organism has been associated with this complication. Images Figure 1 PMID:2385559

  4. Osteomyelitis Caused by Moraxella osloensis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugarman, Barrett; Clarridge, Jill

    1982-01-01

    Moraxella osloensis osteomyelitis of the femur developed in a paraplegic man. He responded to treatment with oral ampicillin. Disease in humans caused by this unusual clinical isolate is reviewed. PMID:7107844

  5. MRI findings of post-traumatic osteomyelitis of distal phalanx following neglected open fracture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Eon; Lee, Ji Hee; Bae, Kung Eun; Kang, Min Jin; Kim, Jea Hyung; Cho, Woo Ho; Jeong, Myeong Ja; Kim, Soung Hee; Kim, Ji Young; Kim, Soo Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-07-15

    Careful radiologic examination of the osteolytic lesion is important for patients with fracture. Differential diagnosis includes osteonecrosis, neoplasm and infections. In this report, we presented MRI findings of post-traumatic osteomyelitis following neglected open fracture of 3rd distal phalanx with open wound. Early suspicion and imaging of wound or soft tissue inflammation around osteolytic lesion could be helpful for diagnosis of osteomyelitis.

  6. MR imaging of neuropathic feet in leprosy patients with suspected osteomyelitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maas, Mario; Slim, Erik J.; Heoksma, Agnes F.; van der Kleij, Ad J.; Akkerman, Erik M.; den Heeten, Gerard J.; Faber, William R.

    2002-01-01

    This study was undertaken to analyze MRI findings in leprosy patients with neuropathic feet, which are suspected of having osteomyelitis. As far as we know, there is no literature concerning osteomyelitis and MRI in neuropathic leprosy feet at present. Therefore, we have included MRI examination of

  7. Risk factors for developing osteomyelitis in patients with diabetic foot wounds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lavery, Lawrence A.; Peters, Edgar J. G.; Armstrong, David G.; Wendel, Christopher S.; Murdoch, Douglas P.; Lipsky, Benjamin A.

    Aims: Osteomyelitis worsens the prognosis in the diabetic foot, but predisposing factors remain largely undefined, In a prospectively followed cohort we assessed risk factors for developing osteomyelitis. Methods: We enrolled consecutive persons with diabetes who presented to a managed-care diabetes

  8. Staphylococcal endogenous endophthalmitis in association with pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steeples, L R; Jones, N P

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE To describe pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis as a rare infection associated with endogenous endophthalmitis.METHODS A retrospective review of three patients with endogenous endophthalmitis and sepsis due to underlying Staphylococcal vertebral osteomyelitis presenting during a 21-month time period. The ophthalmic and systemic features and management and outcomes are presented.RESULTS One patient developed unilateral endophthalmitis with cervical spine osteomyelitis, Staphylococcus aureus being isolated from blood cultures. The second presented with bilateral endophthalmitis with disseminated Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infection, with thoracic and lumbar discitis and para-spinal abscesses. MRSA was cultured from vitreous, blood, and synovial fluid. Both patients received prolonged courses of intravenous antibiotics. Intravitreal antibiotic therapy was used in the second patient. Excellent visual and systemic outcomes were achieved in both cases with no ocular complications. The third patient developed lumbar osteomyelitis following spinal surgery and presented with disseminated S. aureus sepsis including unilateral endogenous endophthalmitis. Despite systemic antibiotics and intensive care the patient died.CONCLUSIONS Endogenous endophthalmitis should be suspected in septic patients developing eye symptoms. Endogenous endophthalmitis with staphylococcal bone infection is a rare but serious condition. Osteomyelitis should be considered as an infective source in any such patient reporting bone pain or reduced spinal mobility. Prompt investigation and treatment can achieve favourable visual and systemic outcomes.

  9. Bacille Calmette-Guérin osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad GHarehdaghi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tuberculosis is an essential problem for healthcare systems especially in developing countries . All newborns are given Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG vaccine in Iran which is prepared from live bovine tuberculosis bacillus, and is given to protect against tuberculosis. Osteomyelitis secondary to BCG vaccination is rare and usually involves epiphysis of long tubular bones. Methods: 4 patients, 3 males and a female entered this study and were between 11 to 24 months old. The involved bones were first metatarsi, talus, humerus and tibia bone. The main radiologic finding was lytic lesion with cortical destruction and periosteal reaction. Results: 3 patients underwent core needle biopsy and the one with the proximal tibia involvement, underwent open surgery. Pathology report suggested granulomatous osteomyelitis and typical caseous necrosis compatible with tuberculosis. Surgical treatment for these patients was curettage and debridement of the bone lesion and involved tissues around. The patients got standard anti TB pharmacotherapy, were completely cured and no short term complication was seen in a one year follow up. Conclusion: BCG osteomyelitis and cold abscess, should be kept in mind when assessing a child presenting chronic symptoms like pain, limping or local swelling of extremities. The long interval time between BCG vaccination and outbreak of the culture-negative abscess is a major point which emphasizes on pathologic evaluation. Imageguided tissue biopsy and PCR studies confirm diagnosis. Early use of a surgical curettage and debridement along with chemotherapy soon afterwards, enabled these children to enjoy a satisfactory clinical outcome.

  10. Treatment options for diabetic foot osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senneville, Eric; Robineau, Olivier

    2017-06-01

    Diabetic foot osteomyelitis therapeutical options are based on antibiotic therapy and surgical resection of the infected bone(s). Surgical and medical approaches of patients suffering from a diabetic foot osteomyelitis do not oppose but are complementary and need to be discussed as a tailored manner. Areas covered: The aim of the present article is to discuss data issued from the most recent guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot on the management of the diabetic foot infection and from a search in the current literature using the terms diabetic foot osteomyelitis and treatment/therapy/therapeutical in both PubMed and Medline, restricted to the last five years. Expert opinion: Surgical removal of the entire infected bone(s) has been considered in the past as the standard treatment but medical approach of these patients has now proven efficacy in selected situations. The current emergence of bacteria, especially among Gram negative rods, resistant to almost all the available antibiotics gradually augments the complexity of the management of these patients and is likely to decrease the place of the medical approach and to worsen the outcome of these infections in the next future.

  11. Rare Case of Aspergillus ochraceus Osteomyelitis of Calcaneus Bone in a Patient with Diabetic Foot Ulcers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhang Babamahmoodi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease in humans. One of the major complications of the disease is foot ulcer that is prone to infection. The most common causes of infection which have been reported in these patients are bacteria and fungi such as Candida, Aspergillus, and Rhizopus species. We report one such rare case with calcaneal osteomyelitis caused by Aspergillus ochraceus in a patient with diabetic foot osteomyelitis. The case was a 68-year-old male with a history of type II diabetes for 2 years. The patient had two ulcers on the right heel bones for the past 6 months with no significant improvement. One of the most important predisposing factors to infectious diseases, especially opportunistic fungal infection, is diabetes mellitus. Aspergillus species can involve bony tissue through vascular system, direct infection, and trauma. Proper and early diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infection can reduce or prevent complications, such as osteomyelitis and amputation. The annual examination of feet for skin and nail lesion, sensation, anatomical changes, and vascular circulation can be useful for prevention and control of infection.

  12. Jaw Osteomyelitis as a Complication of Sickle Cell Anaemia in Three Omani Patients; Case reports and literature review

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    Hilal Al-Ismaili

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Sickle cell anaemia (SCA is a common haemoglobinopathy among people from the Middle East, the Afro-Caribbean region, the Mediterranean and East India. While osteomyelitis of the long bones is a welldocumented complication of SCA, there are few documented cases of SCA patients presenting with jaw osteomyelitis. We report three SCA patients with chronic jaw osteomyelitis who presented to the Department of Oral Health, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 2009 and 2013. Two of the patients had osteomyelitis of the mandible and the third had osteomyelitis of the maxilla. In addition, a brief review of the literature is presented focusing on the clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of jaw osteomyelitis among patients with SCA.

  13. Calcaneal fractures • In children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1989-07-15

    Jul 15, 1989 ... pointed our that this reported incidence is possibly erroneously low in view of the subtle clinical and radiographic presentation of this injury. A history of trauma may not be forthcoming, and furthermore, the blow required to produce a fracture of calcaneum, especially in the younger child, may be surprisingly.

  14. The role of multidetector CT in evaluation of calcaneal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kareem Mohsen Moussa

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: The study showed that multidetector computed tomography is the best method for assessing and classifying calcaneal fractures, as well as delineating the fracture fragments and helping in making the pre-operative planning.

  15. Functional Outcome and Patient Satisfaction after Displaced Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures: A Comparison Among Open, Percutaneous, and Nonoperative Treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.S. de Boer (Annette ); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); D. den Hartog (Dennis); B. Weerts (Bas); M.H.J. Verhofstad (Michiel); T. Schepers (Tim)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractThe aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of patients with a displaced calcaneal fracture treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), percutaneous treatment, or nonoperative methods. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a level I trauma center of

  16. Extended Lateral Approach for Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures: An Inverse Relationship between Surgeon Experience and Wound Complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); D. den Hartog (Dennis); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThe current reference standard for the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures is open reduction and internal fixation using an extended lateral approach. In the present retrospective study, we evaluated the results of a consecutive series of patients treated in the

  17. Surgical Treatment of Calcaneal Spur.

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Sarmiento Sánchez; Horacio Suárez Monzón; Rolando Delgado Figueredo; Juan Carlos Cabrera Suárez

    2007-01-01

    Background: Pain in the plantar region of the heel is technically known as talalgia, and it is a very frequent complaint in the orthopaedic service in Guyana. Due to its frequent mortality, the current investigation was carried out. Objectives: To characterize the application of the surgical treatment to a group of patients in Guyana. Method: 70 patients surgically treated were studied presenting rebel talalgia with no responses to the conservative treatment. Age, sex, race, educational level...

  18. Maxillary Chronic Osteomyelitis Caused by Domestic Violence: A Diagnostic Challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamyris Inácio Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Maxillary osteomyelitis is a rare condition defined as inflammation of the bone primarily caused by odontogenic bacteria, with trauma being the second leading cause. The present report documents a rare case of maxillary osteomyelitis in a 38-year-old female who was the victim of domestic violence approximately a year prior to presentation. Intraoral examination revealed a lesion appearing as exposed bony sequestrum, with significant destruction of gingiva and alveolar mucosa in the maxillary right quadrant, accompanied by significant pain, local edema, and continued purulence. Teeth numbers 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 were mobile, not responsive to percussion, and nonvital. Treatment included antibiotic therapy for seven days followed by total enucleation of the necrotic bone tissue and extraction of the involved teeth. Microscopic findings confirmed the clinical diagnosis of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis. Six months postoperatively, the treated area presented complete healing and there was no sign of recurrence of the lesion.

  19. Management of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harik, Nada S; Smeltzer, Mark S

    2010-01-01

    In children, osteomyelitis is primarily hematogenous in origin and acute in nature. The principal cause of osteomyelitis in children is Staphylococcus aureus, and both the epidemiology and pathogenesis of S. aureus infections, including osteomyelitis, have changed in recent years owing to the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus. This review focuses on advances in the diagnosis and overall management of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in children with these changes in mind. PMID:20109047

  20. Computed tomography of calcaneal fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heger, L.; Wulff, K.; Seddiqi, M.S.A.

    1985-07-01

    Computed tomography (CT) of 25 fractured calcanei was performed to investigate the potential of CT in evaluating the pattern and biomechanics of these fractures. The characteristic findings of typical fractures are presented, including the number and type of principal fragments, size and dislocation of the sustentacular fragment, and involvement of the anterior and posterior facets of the subtalar joint. In 17 cases, the calcaneus consisted of four or more fragments. Furthermore, in 17 cases the sustentacular fragment included all or part of the posterior facet joint. In 18 of the 25 cases, the sustentacular fragment was displaced. It is concluded that well performed CT is an invaluable adjunct in understanding the fracture mechanism and in detecting pain-provoking impingement between the fibular malleolus and the tuberosity fragment.

  1. A Rare Case of Cranial Osteomyelitis Caused by Proteus Vulgaris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Uslu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of the calvarial bones can cause serious complications such as brain abscess, due to the close proximity to adjacent brain structures. Development of the purulent secretion in surgery and traumatic scalp injuries must be considered as a possibility of osteomyelitis possibility. Generally gram positive, rarely gram negative bacteria and mix agents, can be isolated in infection. Especially chronic pyogenic osteomyelitis agents can be isolated from chronic infections such as tuberculosis. In cranial osteomyelitis diagnosis, radiological diagnosis has a very important place together with the clinical diagnosis. However, infection can usually show late findings radiologically. In treatment, antibiotic treatment is absolutely essential as well as removal of the infected part of the bone. Due to antibiotic treatment lasting between 6-12 weeks, organizing the antibiotic protocols according to the results of culture-antibiograms, which were provided from purulent secretions, has the most important role in the success of surgical treatment. In Proteus sp. infections, for choice of suitable treatment, determination of the type of bacteria is important. For exact diagnosis, histopathological examination of the bone tissue must be carried out. In this report, a case with cranial osteomyelitis caused by Proteus vulgaris which is a gram negative bacteria causing anaerobic infections and classified in the Enterobacteriaceae family is presented. The patient was treated with surgery and appropriate antibiotics. Early recognition of this condition, planning the best treatment strategy and taking precautions to prevent complications, is mandatory for a better outcome.

  2. Entamoeba gingivalis in Acute Osteomyelitis of the Mandible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feriyl Bhaijee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An 86-year-old woman presented with osteonecrosis of the mandible following bisphosphonate therapy for multiple myeloma, and underwent surgical debridement and multiple dental extractions. Histopathologic examination of the necrotic bone fragments revealed acute osteomyelitis with mixed flora and organisms morphologically consistent with Entamoeba gingivalis. In addition to oral scrapings and sputum, E. gingivalis has been identified in specimens obtained from the uterus, cervix, neck lymph nodes, and lung. It is rarely found in lesions of the head and neck. We present an unusual case of E. gingivalis in acute osteomyelitis of the mandible, following bisphosphonate therapy for multiple myeloma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of E. gingivalis in association with osteomyelitis.

  3. 38 CFR 4.43 - Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Osteomyelitis. 4.43... DISABILITIES Disability Ratings The Musculoskeletal System § 4.43 Osteomyelitis. Chronic, or recurring, suppurative osteomyelitis, once clinically identified, including chronic inflammation of bone marrow, cortex...

  4. Calcaneal attachment of the plantar fascia: MR findings in asymptomatic volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrmann, Christine; Maier, Matthias; Mengiardi, Bernard; Pfirrmann, Christian W A; Sutter, Reto

    2014-09-01

    To determine the spectrum of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings at the calcaneal attachment of the plantar fascia in asymptomatic volunteers. The study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was obtained from all subjects. MR imaging was performed in 77 asymptomatic volunteers (mean age, 48.0 years; age range, 23-83 years) with use of a 1.5-T system. There were 40 women (mean age, 49.0 years; age range, 24-83 years) and 37 men (mean age, 48.0 years; age range, 23-83 years). Signal intensity characteristics and thickness of the medial, central, and lateral fascicles of the plantar fascia were assessed independently by two radiologists. The presence of soft-tissue edema, bone marrow edema, and bone spur formation at the attachment of the plantar fascia was noted. Datasets were analyzed with inferential statistic procedures. The mean thickness of the plantar fascia was 0.6 mm (medial fascicle), 4.0 mm (central fascicle), and 2.3 mm (lateral fascicle). Increased signal intensity in the plantar fascia was seen with the T1-weighted sequence in 16 of the 77 volunteers (21%), the T2-weighted sequence in six (7.8%), and the short inversion time inversion-recovery sequence in six (7.8%). Soft-tissue edema was seen deep to the plantar fascia in five of the 77 volunteers (6.5%) and superficial to the plantar fascia in 16 (21%). A calcaneal spur was detected in 15 of the 77 volunteers (19%). Calcaneal bone marrow edema was present in four volunteers (5.2%). T1-weighted signal intensity changes in the plantar fascia, soft-tissue edema superficial to the plantar fascia, and calcaneal spurs are common findings in asymptomatic volunteers and should be used with caution in the diagnosis of plantar fasciitis. Increased signal intensity within the plantar fascia with fluid-sensitive sequences is uncommon in asymptomatic volunteers.

  5. Factors Associated with Pain Severity in Children with Calcaneal Apophysitis (Sever Disease).

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Alicia M; Williams, Cylie M; Luscombe, Michelle; Hunter, Reshele; Haines, Terry P

    2015-08-01

    To identify any association between the pain experienced as a result of calcaneal apophysitis, anthropometric data, and lower limb measurements. This study was a cross-sectional study, nested within a wider randomized, comparative efficacy trial. One hundred twenty-four children between the ages of 8 and 14 years with a clinical diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis were recruited for this study. Of the participating children, 72 were male. The measures recorded were height, weight, waist circumference, body mass index, foot posture, and ankle joint range of motion; comparison with normative values was also completed. Univariate and multivariable regression analyses were undertaken to identify factors associated with the severity of pain experienced (visual analog scale). The children within this study had a higher mean body mass index (P < .001), increased weight (P < .001), and were taller (P < .001) compared with normative values. The children also demonstrated differences in foot posture and ankle joint range of motion. Multivariable regression analyses identified that older participants (P = .046) and those who had experienced pain for longer (P = .043) reported higher pain severity. Children presenting with calcaneal apophysitis were anthropometrically different from their peers and had experienced a lengthy period of pain. Therefore, early management focussing on the anthropometric differences may minimize the intensity and duration of pain experienced. Registered with Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12609000696291. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Acute osteomyelitis in children in Ibadan, Nigeria. Is surgical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A total of 17 Children with acute osteomyelitis presenting to division of orthopaedics and trauma surgery is presented. The male:female ratio is 1:1:3, mean age of 6.12 years. The median time of illness before presentation is 8 days. The Tibia bone is the most common site of infection (52.9%) while multifocal infection occurs ...

  7. Comparison between the gold standard DXA with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound based-strategy (QUS) to detect osteoporosis in an HIV infected cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiros Roldan, Eugenia; Brianese, Nigritella; Raffetti, Elena; Focà, Emanuele; Pezzoli, Maria Chiara; Bonito, Andrea; Ferraresi, Alice; Lanza, Paola; Porcelli, Teresa; Castelli, Francesco

    Osteoporosis represents one of the most frequent comorbidity among HIV patients. The current standard method for osteoporosis diagnosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound can provide information about bone quality. The aims of this study are to compare these two methods and to evaluate their ability to screen for vertebral fracture. This cross-sectional study was conducted in HIV patients attending the Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases of Brescia during 2014 and who underwent lumbar/femoral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, vertebral fracture assessment and calcaneal quantitative ultrasound. The assessment of osteoporosis diagnostic accuracy was performed for calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and for vertebral fracture comparing them with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. We enrolled 73 patients and almost 48% of them had osteoporosis with at least one of the method used. Vertebral fracture were present in 27.4%. Among patients with normal bone measurements, we found vertebral fracture in proportion between 10% and 30%. If we used calcaneal quantitative ultrasound method and/or X-ray as screening, the percentages of possible savable dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ranged from 12% to 89% and misclassification rates ranged from 0 to 24.6%. A combined strategy, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and X-Ray, identified 67% of patients with low risk of osteoporosis, but 16.4% of patients were misclassified. We observed that patients with osteoporosis determined by calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and/or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry have higher probability to undergo vertebral fracture, but neither of them can be used for predicting vertebral fracture. Use of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound for screening is a reasonable alternative of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry since our study confirm that none strategy is clearly superior, but both screen tools must be always completed with X-ray. Copyright © 2017 Sociedade

  8. Double calcaneal osteotomy with percutaneous Steinmann pin fixation as part of treatment for flexible flatfoot deformity: a review of consecutive cases highlighting our experience with pin fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boffeli, Troy J; Abben, Kyle W

    2015-01-01

    Surgical correction of flexible flatfoot deformity and posterior tibial tendon dysfunction has been extensively reported in published studies. When appropriate, calcaneal osteotomies for flatfoot correction have been a favorite of foot and ankle surgeons because of the corrective power achieved without the need to fuse any rearfoot joints. The medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy and Evans calcaneal osteotomy, together termed the double calcaneal osteotomy, have been reported several times by various investigators with a wide variety of fixation options. We undertook an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 9 consecutive patients (11 feet), who had undergone double calcaneal osteotomy with 2 percutaneous Steinmann pin fixation for the correction of flexible flatfoot deformity, with or without posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. All patients had radiographic evidence of bone healing of the posterior calcaneal osteotomy and incorporation of the Evans osteotomy bone graft at 6 weeks and demonstrated clinical healing at 6 weeks. All patients had 2 percutaneous Steinmann pins placed through both osteotomies, and these were removed an average of 6 weeks postoperatively. No patient developed pin site complications. The only complication noted was sural neuritis, which was likely incision related. No patients had delayed union or nonunion, and we did not identify any graft shifting postoperatively. The present retrospective series highlights our experience with 2 percutaneous Steinmann pin fixation, demonstrating equal or better results than many previous published fixation methods for double calcaneal osteotomy. It is cost-effective and minimizes the potential risk of iatrogenic Achilles pathologic features associated with screw fixation. Copyright © 2015 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Salmonella osteomyelitis. An important differential diagnosis of granulomatous osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, P C; Khin, M M; Pang, S W

    1985-07-01

    A case of septicemia owing to Salmonella choleraesuis with localization in the lumbar spine and left knee is described. The spinal lesion is dominated by tuberculoid granulomas with or without central necrosis. The necrotic foci within some granulomas show heavy polymorph infiltration, whereas in others they simulate caseous necrosis and are indistinguishable histologically from tuberculosis, brucellosis, and fungal infections. As Salmonella osteomyelitis has a strong tendency to chronicity if antimicrobial treatment is delayed, inappropriate, or inadequate, this diagnosis should be considered in all cases of granulomatous osteomyelitis, especially when the patient is immunosuppressed or has hemoglobinopathy.

  10. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Foot Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashong, Chester N; Raheem, Shazia A; Hunter, Andrew S; Mindru, Cezarina; Barshes, Neal R

    Conflicting studies exist regarding the impact of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on increased time to wound healing, future need for surgical procedures, and likelihood of treatment failure in patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis. The purpose of this study is to determine the overall significance of MRSA in predicting treatment failure in bone infections of the foot and to determine an appropriate pre-operative and empiric post-operative antibiotic regimen. Patients presenting with an initial episode of "probable" or "definite" foot osteomyelitis were included for review and analysis if the following criteria were met: (1) Osteomyelitis occurred in the foot (i.e., distal to the malleoli of the ankle); episodes occurring above the ankle were excluded. (2) Patients received either no antibiotics or only oral antibiotics for long-term treatment; episodes managed with long-term parenteral antibiotics were excluded. (3) The infection was managed initially with medical therapy or conservative surgical therapy; episodes managed with major (above-ankle) amputation as the initial treatment were excluded. The primary objective of this study was to assess whether episodes of foot osteomyelitis associated with MRSA resulted in treatment failure more frequently than not. Of 178 episodes included in the study, 50 (28.1%) episodes had treatment failure. Median time-to-treatment failure was 60 days (range 7-598 days). In 28.1% (9/32 episodes) in which treatment failure occurred and 39.0% (41/105) episodes in which no treatment failure occurred, MRSA was present. The presence of MRSA was not significantly associated with treatment failure (p = 0.99). The presence of MRSA in bone culture and whether antibiotic use had anti-MRSA activity was not associated with increased treatment failure of diabetic foot osteomyelitis in our institution. Empiric antibiotic coverage of MRSA may not be necessary for many patients presenting with foot osteomyelitis.

  11. Radiation osteomyelitis of the mandible. Report of two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molla, M.R.; Nishio, Juntaro; Matsuya, Tokuzo; Miyazaki, Tadashi (Osaka Univ. (Japan). School of Dentistry)

    1982-12-01

    Radiation therapy for the head and neck malignant tumor may often cause osteoradionecrosis of the mandible, leading to radiation osteomyelitis with a source of infection. The present study demonstrates two cases with radiation osteomyelitis of the mandible to discuss the etiology, radiological findings and preventive measure for this type of bone disease. The results indicate that, 1) A higher dose in external radiotherapy may claimed to be a potent factor to cause osteoradionecrosis and post irradiation periodontitis of the tooth associated with pain, may be preliminary symptom of leading radiation osteomyelitis, where a delayed healing of tooth extraction is an accelerating factor responsible for rapid progress of osteomyelitic changes. 2) Once infection sets in post irradiated bone, radio-osteomyelitic change is quite progressive even after various conservative measure. 3) Only radiological change in those cases is a slow formation of sequestrum time ranging from 7 to 10 months, with a gradual separation of dead bone as a large mass.

  12. [Osteomyelitis due to Shewanella putrefaciens: case report and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guinetti-Ortiz, Katia; Bocanegra-Jesús, Alejandra; Gómez de la Torre-Del Carpio, Andrea

    2016-11-29

    Shewanella putrefaciens is a Gram-negative bacillus and marine pathogen that rarely causes disease in humans. We report a case of osteomyelitis by this organism in a 48-year-old male patient, who presented with pain and erythema of the right foot that was initially diagnosed as cellulitis and did not revert despite treatment. He was transferred to Lima where osteomyelitis was diagnosed and started on empirical treatment with partial regression. A biopsy and culture of the compromised area found S. putrefaciens. The infection was treated according to the antibiotic sensitivity profile of the pathogen. S. putrefaciens infection represents a rare opportunistic infection of devitalized or exposed areas of the body. It is associated with residence in coastal areas and commonly affects the skin and soft tissues. Exceptional cases of osteomyelitis have been reported, but this is the first that involves the metatarsal bones.

  13. Characteristic calcaneal ossification: an additional early radiographic finding in infants with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawa, Sachi [Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya, Aichi (Japan); Victoria, Teresa [Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Kayserili, Huelya [Koc University School of Medicine (KUSOM), Medical Genetics Department, Istanbul (Turkey); Zackai, Elaine [Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Medical Genetics, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Nishimura, Gen; Haga, Nobuhiko; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Miyazaki, Osamu [The Research Committee on Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva, Tokyo (Japan); Kitoh, Hiroshi [Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya, Aichi (Japan); The Research Committee on Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva, Tokyo (Japan)

    2016-10-15

    We have clinically encountered children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva who had abnormal calcaneal ossification. To evaluate whether calcaneal ossification variants are significant radiographic findings in children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Lateral feet radiographs in nine children who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva were reviewed. The studies were obtained during infancy or early childhood. Fourteen lateral foot radiographs of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva were available for this study (ages at examination: 1-104 months). Four children ages 2 months to 11 months showed double calcaneal ossification centers; 7 children had plantar calcaneal spurs that decreased in size with age. Overall, eight of nine children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva demonstrated double calcaneal ossifications and/or plantar calcaneal spurs in infancy or childhood. Double calcaneal ossification centers in early infancy and plantar calcaneal spurs in childhood are frequently seen in children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva and may be a useful radiologic indicator for early diagnosis. (orig.)

  14. Sternal osteomyelitis after bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolandas Selvestravičius

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Presented here is the case of a nine-month-old boy with the osteomyelitis of the upper area sternum caused by bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG, the Danish 1331 strain vaccine against tuberculosis. Upon examination, a swelling of approximately 2×3 cm diameter was observed in the upper sternal area. The mass was hard, fixed and sensitive to palpation with no local skin hyperaemia. Chest X-rays revealed a round mass anterior to the sternum, suggesting a diagnosis of osteomyelitis. A consequent sternal biopsy was performed and Mycobacterium bovis BCG was identified by a positive growth culture.

  15. Lasiodiplodia species fungal osteomyelitis in a multiple myeloma patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, M; Shalin, S C; Kothari, A; Rico, J C C; Caradine, K; Burgess, M

    2016-10-01

    Lasiodiplodia species are environmental fungi that have been reported as a cause of infection in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. We present a case of fungal osteomyelitis caused by Lasiodiplodia species in a patient with multiple myeloma after autologous stem cell transplant. The patient was successfully treated with a combination of surgery and oral voriconzole. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of fungal osteomyelitis caused by Lasiodiplodia species. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Cryptococcal osteomyelitis of the skull in a liver transplant patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pudipeddi, Aviv V; Liu, Ken; Watson, Geoffrey F; Davis, Rebecca J; Strasser, Simone I

    2016-12-01

    Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen and an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of osteomyelitis caused by C. neoformans in a liver transplant recipient who presented with a headache and scalp lump after sustaining mild head trauma. There was no evidence of central nervous system involvement or dissemination. This is the first known case report of isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis in a liver transplant recipient. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. A longitudinal insufficiency fracture of the tibia in association with a healed chronic osteomyelitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feydy, A.; Carlier, R.; Mutschler, C.; Leriverend, V.; Vallee, C. [Dept. of Radiology, Hopital Raymond Poincare, Garches (France); Bernard, L. [Dept. of Infectious Diseases, Hopital Raymond Poincare, Garches (France)

    2000-12-01

    Longitudinal stress fracture of the tibia often present with an atypical clinical presentation which can be mistaken for osseous tumor or osteomyelitis. We present a case of longitudinal stress fracture of the tibia which occurred in a patient with healed chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia. Magnetic resonance imaging failed to make the correct diagnosis. Accurate diagnosis was only obtained by helical CT which showed the longitudinal fracture line. Magnetic resonance imaging showed only non-specific signs of bone marrow edema, suggesting recurrence of osteomyelitis. Magnetic resonance imaging can be misleading in the absence of direct visualization of the fracture line. (orig.)

  18. Delayed osteomyelitis resulting from an extension injury of the cervical spine: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Victoria; Cohen, Randolph B; Braffman, Bruce; Brockmeyer, Douglas L; Spader, Heather S

    2017-10-01

    Osteomyelitis of the cervical spine is an exceedingly rare lesion in pediatric practice and is caused by a variety of mechanisms. The authors present a case in which cervical osteomyelitis presented in a delayed manner after the patient experienced a stable cervical extension injury at the C4-5 level. On review of the original images, the authors noted a likely perforation in the retropharyngeal space. This case highlights the risk of retropharyngeal injury in cervical trauma, with the seldom-seen complication of osteomyelitis as a result.

  19. Osteomyelitis: an overview of antimicrobial therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Gomes

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory bone disorder caused by infection, leading to necrosis and destruction of bone. It can affect all ages, involve any bone, become a chronic disease and cause persistent morbidity. Treatment of osteomyelitis is challenging particularly when complex multiresistant bacterial biofilm has already been established. Bacteria in biofilm persist in a low metabolic phase, causing persistent infection due to increased resistance to antibiotics. Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis are the most common causative organism responsible for more than 50% of osteomyelitis cases. Osteomyelitis treatment implies the administration of high doses of antibiotics (AB by means of endovenous and oral routes and should take a period of at least 6 weeks. Local drug delivery systems, using non-biodegradable (polymethylmethacrylate or biodegradable and osteoactive materials such as calcium orthophosphates bone cements, have been shown to be promising alternatives for the treatment of osteomyelitis. These systems allow the local delivery of AB in situ with bactericidal concentrations for long periods of time and without the toxicity associated with other means of administration. This review examines the most recent literature evidence on the causes, pathogeneses and pharmacological treatment of osteomyelitis. The study methodology consisted of a literature review in Google Scholar, Science Direct, Pubmed, Springer link, B-on. Papers from 1979 till present were reviewed and evaluated.A osteomielite é um processo inflamatório do tecido ósseo, de origem infecciosa, que resulta em destruição inflamatória, necrose e formação de novo osso. Pode aparecer em qualquer idade, afetar qualquer osso e tornar-se uma doença crônica com morbidade persistente. Apesar dos progressos na quimioterapia infecciosa, o tratamento da osteomielite é caro e difícil, em particular quando associada à presença de biofilmes bacterianos

  20. Acute compartmental syndrome from hematogenous osteomyelitis of the ulna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundy, D W; Lourie, G M; Morrissy, R T

    1998-08-01

    Compartmental syndrome of the forearm in children is usually caused by fractures, soft-tissue damage, burns, or arterial injury. This report presents the case of a child who had compartmental syndrome of the forearm resulting from acute hematogenous osteomyelitis of the ulna.

  1. Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis: A Case Report and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BACKGROUND: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare condition of largely unknown aetiology and pathogenesis with variable clinical and radiological features. There are no reports on CRMO to the best of our knowledge; in the West African sub region. OBJECTIVE: To present a case and review the ...

  2. Spinal osteomyelitis caused by Proteus mirabilis in a child

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    deWeerd, W; Kimpen, JLL; Miedema, CJ

    Osteomyelitis due to Proteus mirabilis is rare. Spinal osteomyelitis caused by this organism has only been described in adults. This is the first paediatric case of P. mirabilis vertebral osteomyelitis.

  3. [Physiotherapeutic proceeding in symptomatic calcaneal spur treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kociuga, Natalia; Kociuga, Jerzy; Woldańska-Okońska, Marta; Kubsik, Anna

    Calcaneal spur is one of the most common disorders associated with foot pain. According to appearance of pain in each step during the day, it is important to find the most effective method of treatment. This article is a review of medical reports about non-operative treatment method. It shows that ultrasound therapy was the most common physical intervetion used so far, and mostly occurs to be effective. However one of the comparative studies improves higher efficiency of phonopheresis. Another comparative study, shows higher efficiency of combined ultrasound and laser therapy, than exclusive laser therapy. There haven't been found any articles that would evaluate efficacy of electrotherapy and short wave diathermy (electric field) in the treatment of mentioned disorder. Studies that describe the effect of ESWT treatment were also analyzed in this article, and all of them confirm its effectiveness in heel spur therapy, showing no side-effects. Cryotherapy also causes positive effect in treatment of this disorder. However Cryoultrasound therapy that uses the energy of two interconnected terapeutic techniques which is cryotherapy and ultrasounds, proved to be more effective.

  4. Fungal osteomyelitis with vertebral re-ossification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O Guinn, Devon J; Serletis, Demitre; Kazemi, Noojan

    2016-01-01

    We present a rare case of thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to pulmonary Blastomyces dermatitides. A 27-year-old male presented with three months of chest pains and non-productive cough. Examination revealed diminished breath sounds on the right. CT/MR imaging confirmed a right-sided pre-/paravertebral soft tissue mass and destructive lytic lesions from T2 to T6. CT-guided needle biopsy confirmed granulomatous pulmonary Blastomycosis. Conservative management with antifungal therapy was initiated. Neurosurgical review confirmed no clinical or profound radiographic instability, and the patient was stabilized with TLSO bracing. Serial imaging 3 months later revealed near-resolution of the thoracic soft tissue mass, with vertebral re-ossification from T2 to T6. Fungal osteomyelitis presents a rare entity in the spectrum of spinal infections. In such cases, lytic spinal lesions are classically seen in association with a large paraspinous mass. Fungal infections of the spinal column may be treated conservatively, with surgical intervention reserved for progressive cases manifesting with neurological compromise and/or spinal column instability. Here, we found unexpected evidence for vertebral re-ossification across the affected thoracic levels (T2-6) in response to IV antibiotic therapy and conservative bracing, nearly 3 months later. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  5. Computed tomography of calcaneal fractures. Comparison with conventional radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishino, Youichi; Oono, Masato; Uchino, Akira; Satou, Yoshiyuki; Nakata, Hajime.

    1989-03-01

    Computed tomography (CT) and conventional radiography were compared in 52 calcaneal fractures. As for CT, direct coronal imagings were performed in all and direct axial imagings were added in 27 of them. Conventional radiography included lateral, axial, and Anthonsen (oblique) views. Overall CT detected 7 more of the incongruity of the posterior facet, 9 more of the bulging of the lateral wall, and 6 more of the fracture of the sustentaculum tali than conventional radiography. In addition the entrapment of the peroneal tendons between the calcaneal body and the fibular malleolus could be evaluated only with CT. These informations are indispensable for the proper treatment of the fractures and we conclude that CT is useful in evaluating calcaneal fractures. (author).

  6. A Localized Sclerosing Osteomyelitis at the Periapex of a Vital Tooth: Report of a Misdiagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owlia, Fatemeh; Akhavan Karbassi, Mohammad-Hassan; Mirjalili, Narges; Taghipour Zahir, Shokouh; Gholami, Neda; Karimi, Sharare

    2011-01-01

    Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory infectious condition of bones, occurringeither acutely or chronically. The clinical course of the disease leads to destructive or sclerosing patterns of the involved bone. This report presents a case of chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis in a 19-year-old male with a history of an uncontrolled convulsive condition. The lesion was first diagnosed as an osteoblastoma. Chronic trauma or traumatic occlusion has the potential to induce osteomyelitis and should be considered a possible diagnosis in differentiating periapical radiopacities, even in relation with vital teeth. PMID:22991615

  7. A Localized Sclerosing Osteomyelitis at the Periapex of a Vital Tooth: Report of a Misdiagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Owlia

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is an inflammatory infectious condition of bones, occurring either acutely or chronically. The clinical course of the disease leads to destructive or sclerosing patterns of the involved bone. This report presents a case of chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis in a 19-year-old male with a history of an uncontrolled convulsive condition. The lesion was first diagnosed as an osteoblastoma. Chronic trauma or traumatic occlusion has the potential to induce osteomyelitis and should be considered a possible diagnosis in differentiating periapical radiopacities, even in relation with vital teeth.

  8. Periostitis ossificans (Garrè′s osteomyelitis: An unusual case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepesh Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Garrè′s sclerosing osteomyelitis is a specific type of chronic osteomyelitis that mainly affects children and young adults and is commonly associated with odontogenic infection. The paper describes an unusual case of Garrè′s osteomyelitis in an 11-year-old boy, in whom the condition arose following poor oral hygiene and periodontal problems in relation to permanent mandibular left first molar. Clinically the patient presented with bony hard, nontender swelling and the occlusal radiograph revealed pathognomic feature of "onion skin" appearance.

  9. Cryptococcal osteomyelitis: a report of 5 cases and a review of the recent literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medaris, Leigh Ann; Ponce, Brent; Hyde, Zane; Delgado, Dennis; Ennis, David; Lapidus, William; Larrison, Matthew; Pappas, Peter G

    2016-06-01

    Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungal pathogen associated with advanced HIV disease and other disorders associated with immune dysfunction. The pulmonary and the central nervous system are the most common manifestations of the disease. Localised osteomyelitis as the sole manifestation of extrapulmonary disease is rare. Herein, we present five cases of Cryptococcus osteomyelitis as the only manifestation of extrapulmonary disease. We also identified 84 additional cases of isolated cryptococcal osteomyelitis in the literature. Using these data, we have made some general recommendations regarding an approach to treatment of this uncommon clinical entity. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  10. A Rare Case of Q Fever Osteomyelitis in a Child From Regional Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, P N; Macartney, K; Arbuckle, S; Little, D; Kesson, A

    2015-09-01

    Q fever osteomyelitis is a rare disease. We report an eighth pediatric case from regional Australia. Serology is the first-line diagnostic test, with confirmation by PCR on tissue specimens. In endemic settings, Q fever should be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic osteomyelitis; in particular, presumed chronic-recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis should be considered a possible presentation of Q fever osteo-articular disease in children. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis (CIPA Manifested with Chronic Osteomyelitis; A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Kucukdurmaz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available      Chronic osteomyelitis is a very rare entity among children. Also congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA is a very rare autosomal-recessive disease  of the nervous system which is one of the hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSAN. Loss of pain, fever due to anhidrosis, recurrent fractures, chronic osteomyelitis, mental retardation, self mutilation, wound ulcers can be seen. We present a 10-year-old boy with loss of generalized pain sensation, chronic osteomyelitis on his right distal femur, bilateral corneal opacities, and decreased mental capacity.

  12. Normative size of the osseous part of calcaneal bursa and its comparison with other calcaneal articular areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahato, Niladri Kumar

    2017-08-01

    The retro-calcaneal bursa presents a synovial and a non-synovial osseous part of variable dimensions. Studies objectively measuring the variability of the size of this osseous bursal surface cannot be found in literature. The objective of this study was to investigate (i) the dimension variability of the bony part of the bursa and (ii) the relationship of this surface to other articulating areas of the calcaneus. A digital planimeter was used to measure the bursae (n=86) and other articular surface areas of the calcaneus and statistically compared with ANOVA and correlation estimations. The osseous area measured 1.12 (±0.55) cm2, with only the superior articulating area demonstrating a weak correlation to this osseous surface. The osseous area presents a weak correlation with the axial articulating area of the calcaneus. Information on the size of the bony bursa may help safe excision of retrocalcaneal exostoses and in Achille's tendon repair around the posterior tuberosity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Calcaneal varus angle change in normal calcaneus: a three-dimensional finite element analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xue-Bin; Wu, Hao; Zhang, Li-Guo; Zhao, Ji-Tang; Zhang, Ying-Ze

    2017-03-01

    The objective of the study was to investigate the stress changes in the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus following alternation of the calcaneal varus angle in normal calcaneus and discuss the clinical significance of the calcaneal varus angle. Axial view radiographs of 165 volunteers were obtained to measure the calcaneal varus angle of normal calcaneus. A calcaneal model with different varus angle changes (including +2°, +4°, +6°, -2°, -4°, and -6°) was established using Creo 2.0 software. Stress changes at different calcaneal varus angles in the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus under a load of 100 N were measured. Stressed areas in posterior articular facets were slightly fewer following +2°, +4°, and +6° changes in varus angle than in normal varus angles with stress concentering regions moving to the anteromedial aspect of the posterior calcaneal facet. However, stress concentering areas in posterior calcaneal facets following -4° and -6° changes in varus angle obviously moved to the anterior and posterior medial side of posterior calcaneal facets. Stress distribution in the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus varies with the calcaneal varus angle. The decrease in calcaneal varus angle following operative treatment of calcaneal fractures should be controlled within 2°.

  14. Prevotella osteomyelitis after dental capping procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Williams

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a 49 year old man who presented to the emergency department with severe lower back pain of 5 days duration. One week prior he had been diagnosed with a right psoas muscle abscess and was discharged with a 28 day course of moxifloxacin after the preliminary culture from the psoas grew an anaerobic organism. MRI of the lumbar spine showed marrow edema in the L2 body, occupying most of the anterior two thirds of the body, with cortical erosion at the anteroinferior aspect of L1. Blood cultures were negative and bone biopsy of L2 showed neutrophilic invasion and reactive changes. Cultures grew Prevotella oralis. Hematogenous spread from a composite bonding procedure for exposed teeth roots is thought to be the source for the vertebral osteomyelitis. This is a plausible spread of infection in our case because it was thought that the osteomyelitis occurred first and spread to the psoas muscle.

  15. Helical CT of calcaneal fractures: technique and imaging features

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wechsler, R.J.; Schweitzer, M.E.; Karasick, D.; Deely, D.M.; Morrison, W. [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiology, 111 South 11th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Since the degree of comminution, fracture alignment, and articular congruity of intra-articular calcaneal fractures are important determinants in surgical treatment and patient prognosis, we review helical computed tomographic (CT) technique and features for detecting and assessing the extent of acute calcaneal fractures. Helical CT can be used to classify these fractures and facilitate the surgeon`s understanding of the anatomy and position of the fracture components in all orthogonal planes independently of the patient`s condition, foot placement in the CT gantry, or other injuries. (orig.) With 13 figs., 13 refs.

  16. The unique clinical features and outcome of infectious endocarditis and vertebral osteomyelitis co-infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koslow, Matthew; Kuperstein, Rafael; Eshed, Iris; Perelman, Marina; Maor, Elad; Sidi, Yechezkel

    2014-07-01

    The clinical significance of vertebral osteomyelitis and infectious endocarditis co-infection is unclear. This study investigates the rate, clinical features, and outcome of vertebral osteomyelitis with and without concomitant infectious endocarditis. A retrospective study of all cases of osteomyelitis with spinal imaging (n = 176), from January 2007 to April 2013, that were diagnosed as vertebral osteomyelitis. Sixty-two patients with spontaneous vertebral osteomyelitis were identified after excluding postsurgical, decubitus ulcers and spinal metastases. Seventeen (27%) were identified with concomitant infectious endocarditis. All patients presented with back pain and 59% were diagnosed with infectious endocarditis subsequent to vertebral osteomyelitis. Distinguishing features among the co-infection group include the increased use of transesophageal echocardiography (94% vs 58%, P = .004), predisposing cardiac conditions (59% vs 16%, P = .001), and Gram-positive bacteremia, of which Streptococcus sp. and Enterococcus sp. were more common (35% vs 11%, P = .026). Adverse neurologic events were increased significantly in the co-infection group (59% vs 22%, P = .006). On transesophageal echocardiography, 88% of co-infection patients had highly mobile vegetations, 9 of which measured 10 mm or more. The overall mortality was 41% and 29% in the co-infection and lone vertebral osteomyelitis groups, respectively (P = .356). One-year mortality was identical for both groups at 24% (P = .999), and higher than previously reported (11.3% for lone vertebral osteomyelitis). Patients with vertebral osteomyelitis, in whom infectious endocarditis is not excluded, are at increased risk for adverse neurologic events and mortality. The prompt diagnosis of infectious endocarditis, and associated high-risk features that may benefit from surgical intervention, require early evaluation by transesophageal echocardiography. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Spontaneously Healed Pathologic Fracture over a Critical-Size Calcaneal Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos G. Lasanianos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Simple bone cysts are nonsymptomatic lesions. They typically involve the medullary cavity, but they can also be found in nonlong bones such as the calcaneum. Their treatment remains controversial varying from observation and conservative healing to irritating injections or bone grafting. In the case of a pathologic fracture, surgical treatment seems most appropriate especially when the cyst is situated on a weight-bearing bone. We present herein the rare case of a spontaneously healed pathological fracture over a critical-size calcaneal cyst of a patient reluctant to undergo surgical treatment. An interpretation of the healing procedure as well as a review of the literature is presented.

  18. Pneumococcal Osteomyelitis: Report of One Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Luke Huang

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Acute osteomyelitis is uncommon in pediatric patients, affecting one in five thousand children younger than the age of thirteen. Bone infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is extremely rare, accounting for only 1.3% of acute osteomyelitis in children. We report a case of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae-induced acute osteomyelitis in a 7-month-old male infant who was treated successfully with intravenous vancomycin and oral clindamycin.

  19. Imaging osteomyelitis and the diabetic foot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, W. (Gottingen Univ. (Germany). Dep. of Nuclear Medicine)

    1999-03-01

    The clinical diagnosis of osteomyelitis and the diabetic foot is in most of the patients not possible without imaging the bone. The clinical problem is to diagnose infection as early, as reliable and as cheap as possible to prevent the possible longstanding and life-threatening complications. For imaging a lot of different radiological and nuclear medicine methods are available. This article focuses on the possible results of conventional plain radiography and tomography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging as radiological and on bone scan, autologous white blood cell scintigraphy with [sup 111]In-oxin or [sup 99m]Tc-HMPAO, antigranulocyte antibodies, [sup 99m]Tc/[sup 111]In-human immunoglobulin,[sup 67] Ga-citrate and [sup 99m]Tc-nanocelloids. Different methods after different answers. Radiological methods give detailed pathological answers, nuclear medicine methods answer questions of specificity such as leukocyte infiltration. If osteomyelitis is suspected, plain radiography should be the first, three phase bone scintigraphy the second and infection specific radiopharmaceuticals the third step of examination. Only in negative images with high clinical suspicion CT or MRI should be the final imaging procedure. In the diabetic foot imaging cascade should also start with plain radiography, followed by three phase bone scintigraphy or MRI. If clinically neuropathy is present specific nuclear medicine imaging should be performed.

  20. Ertapenem for treatment of osteomyelitis: a case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson Melissa D

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Ertapenem is a once-daily broad spectrum carbapenem that is increasingly used to treat polymicrobial osteomyelitis due to diabetic foot and traumatic wound infections. However, limited data exists on ertapenem use for osteomyelitis. This study aimed to characterize outcomes and adverse effects with empiric use of ertapenem for osteomyelitis. Findings A total of 112 patients presenting to Duke, Durham Regional or Durham VA Medical Centers with a suspected diagnosis of osteomyelitis and ertapenem use from 11/2001 to 8/2009 were screened, and 12 subjects met inclusion criteria for the study. Mean age was 60 ± 16 years, 68% were female, 75% were Caucasian, and the most common comorbidities included diabetes (58%, peripheral vascular disease (42%, and history of tobacco use (75%. Over half of the patients presented to a primary care clinic or emergency room greater than six months after the onset of clinical symptoms. Bone culture was obtained for diagnostic guidance in only two cases; and surgical intervention was pursued in three cases. Patients received a mean duration of 34.6 ± 7.8 days of therapy, and in three cases, subsequent suppressive oral antibiotics were given. Six (50% patients met criteria for clinical success, defined as resolution of clinical signs and symptoms of infection such that discontinuation of antibiotics was deemed appropriate at end of ertapenem therapy, without recurrence at one year follow-up. No adverse drug effects were noted. Conclusions In this case series of mostly community-acquired, lower extremity osteomyelitis, bone biopsy was infrequent, and an average six-week course of empiric ertapenem was well-tolerated with curative rates of 50% at one year.

  1. Bartonella Osteomyelitis of the Acetabulum: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puri, Kriti; Kreppel, Andrew J; Schlaudecker, Elizabeth P

    2015-08-01

    Bartonella henselae commonly involves the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), and its most common presentation is lymphadenitis. Rarely, it can cause isolated osteomyelitis. We present a case of a 3 year old with constitutional symptoms and new onset of limp. Previously reported cases of osteomyelitis due to B. henselae are also reviewed here, keeping the index case in mind. We conducted a Medline search using MeSH subject headings Bartonella and osteomyelitis, limited to humans. The index case is a 3-year-old female who had a subacute presentation with new-onset leg pain and fever. Subsequent imaging demonstrated osteomyelitis of the acetabulum. Multiple diagnostic attempts were unsuccessful, and the patient did not respond to empiric therapy. Despite indeterminate serology, the diagnosis of Bartonella osteomyelitis was eventually confirmed by PCR on bone biopsy of the lesion. The literature search revealed 48 publications, which were reduced to 28 when limiting articles to the English language and the pediatric population. After a report of 36 pediatric cases in 2007, there have been an additional 12 pediatric cases since 1998. Generally, these patients had a subacute presentation with relatively mild constitutional symptoms. Most commonly, bone involvement occurred as osteolytic lesions of the axial skeleton. Of the total 48 cases reported, only four reported involvement of the axial skeleton. We present the first case, to our knowledge, of pediatric osteomyelitis of the pelvis due to B. henselae with indeterminate serologic and positive PCR results. Bartonella osteomyelitis should be included in the differential diagnosis when typical pathogens are not identified or if the patient is slow to respond to standard therapies. The sensitivity of tissue PCR for Bartonella osteomyelitis is now better than the current gold standard of serology, and new management guidelines may need to reflect this.

  2. Bilaretal Complex Regional Pain Syndrome After Bilateral Calcaneal Fractures: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özcan Hız

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Summary Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS is a painful complication of a fracture, surgery, or other type of injury. Currently KBAS is categorized as CRPS-1 when no clear nerve injury is defined, and CRPS -2 when associated with clear nevre injury. Central and peripheral theory have been reported in etiopathogenesis of CRPS -1. Generally, it occurs in the injured limb but, it may ocur in the opposite extremities. İn this article, we have presented a case developing bilateral CRPS -1 after bilateral calcaneal fracture. (Osteoporoz Dünyasından 2010;16:38-40

  3. Evaluation of the normal calcaneal angles in Egyptian population ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: The calcaneus is the largest and strongest tarsal bone. It is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone and accounts for about 2% of all fractures. The importance of the calcaneal angles in assessing the fractures of calcaneus and planning treatment has been highlighted. Aim: The purpose of this study was to ...

  4. Percutaneous reduction and fixation of intraarticular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); I.B. Schipper (Inger); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractObjective: Percutaneous reduction by distraction and subsequent percutaneous screw fixation to restore calcaneal and posterior talocalcaneal facet anatomy. The aim of this technique is to improve functional outcome and to diminish the rate of secondary posttraumatic arthrosis compared to

  5. Evaluation of the normal calcaneal angles in Egyptian population

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fahmy Anwar Shoukry

    2012-02-01

    Feb 1, 2012 ... The importance of the cal- caneal angles in assessing the fractures of calcaneus and planning treatment has been highlighted. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the normal calcaneal angles in the Egyptian pop- .... ulae groups which increases with osteoporosis and disrupted in comminuted ...

  6. Subtalar versus triple arthrodesis after intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, Tim; Kieboom, Brenda C. T.; Bessems, Gert H. J. M.; Vogels, Lucas M. M.; van Lieshout, Esther M. M.; Patka, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Depending upon initial treatment, between 2 and 30% of patients with a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture require a secondary arthrodesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subtalar versus triple arthrodesis on functional outcome. A total of 33 patients with 37

  7. Subtalar versus triple arthrodesis after intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); B.C.T. Kieboom (Brenda); J.H.J.M. Bessems (Gert); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); P. Patka (Peter)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractDepending upon initial treatment, between 2 and 30% of patients with a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture require a secondary arthrodesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subtalar versus triple arthrodesis on functional outcome. A total of 33 patients

  8. Calcaneal fractures in children | De V. de Beer | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Eight patients with 9 calcaneal fractures were reviewed. Of the fractures 6 were intra articular and 3 extra-articular but in children this distinction appears to have little relevance to treatment or prognosis. While these fractures are relatively uncommon in children, clinical suspicion is important in making the diagnosis, since ...

  9. Actinomycetes as the causative organism of osteomyelitis in sickle cell disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barter, S.J.; Hennessy, O.

    1984-04-01

    The case of a 17-year-old girl with sickle cell anaemia who presented with extensive osteomyelitis due to actinomycetes is reported. Osteomyelitis in the long bones due to actinomycosis is extremely rare. A review of the literature reveals only six cases in which actinomycetes have been isolated from lesions affecting a long bone. The occurence of this condition in sickle cell haemoglobinopathy has not been previously reported.

  10. Mycobacterial Osteomyelitis of the Spine Following Intravesical BCG Therapy for Bladder Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Mackel, Charles E; Burke, Shane M.; Huhta, Taylor; Riesenburger, Ron; Weller, Simcha J

    2016-01-01

    Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone that can involve the vertebral column.?A rare cause of vertebral osteomyelitis is Mycobacterium bovis after intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.?In this report, we describe the case of a 64-year-old male presenting with constitutional symptoms, progressive thoracic kyphosis, and intractable T11 and T12 radiculopathies over the proceeding six months. A CT scan revealed erosive, lytic change...

  11. Nuclear medicine imaging of posttraumatic osteomyelitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Govaert, G. A. M.; Glaudemans, A. W. J. M.

    Early recognition of a possible infection and therefore a prompt and accurate diagnostic strategy is essential for a successful treatment of posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTO). However, at this moment there is no single routine test available that can detect osteomyelitis beyond doubt and the

  12. Osteofibrous dysplasia of clavicle clinically mimicking chronic osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirmal Raj Gopinathan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteofibrous dysplasia or ossifying fibroma is an uncommon benign fibro-osseous lesion of childhood, commonly described in the maxilla and the mandible. Among long bones, it usually presents in the tibia as a painless swelling or anterior bowing. Ossifying fibroma of clavicle has never been reported in English literature, to the best of our knowledge. Here, we would like to present an unusual case of osteofibrous dysplasia of clavicle clinically mimicking chronic osteomyelitis.

  13. Conservative Surgery of Diabetic Forefoot Osteomyelitis: How Can I Operate on This Patient Without Amputation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragón-Sánchez, Javier; Lázaro-Martínez, Jose L; Alvaro-Afonso, Francisco Javier; Molinés-Barroso, Raúl

    2015-06-01

    Surgery is necessary in many cases of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. The decision to undertake surgery should be based on the clinical presentation of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. Surgery is required when the bone is protruding through the ulcer, there is extensive bone destruction seen on x-ray or progressive bone damage on sequential x-ray while undergoing antibiotic treatment, the soft tissue envelope is destroyed, and there is gangrene or spreading soft tissue infection. Several issues should be taken into account when considering surgery for treating diabetic foot osteomyelitis. It is necessary to have a surgeon available with diabetic foot expertise. Regarding location of diabetic foot osteomyelitis, it is important to consider whether isolated bone or a joint is involved. In cases in which osteomyelitis is associated with a bone deformity, surgery should be able to correct this. The surgeon should always reflect about whether extensive/radical surgery could destabilize the foot. The forefoot is the most frequent location of diabetic foot osteomyelitis and is associated with better prognosis than midfoot and hindfoot osteomyelitis. Many surgical procedures can be performed in patients with diabetes and forefoot ulcers complicated by osteomyelitis while avoiding amputations. Performing conservative surgeries without amputations of any part of the foot is not always feasible in cases in which the infection has destroyed the soft tissue envelope. Attempting conservative surgery in such cases risks infected tissues remaining in the wound bed leading to failure. The election of different surgical options depends on the expertise of the surgeons selected for the multidisciplinary teams. It is the aim of this article to provide a sample of surgical techniques in order to remove the bone infection from the forefoot while avoiding amputations. © The Author(s) 2014.

  14. Septic arthritis in children: frequency of coexisting unsuspected osteomyelitis and implications on imaging work-up and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monsalve, Johanna; Kan, J Herman; Schallert, Erica K; Bisset, George S; Zhang, Wei; Rosenfeld, Scott B

    2015-06-01

    Osteomyelitis and septic arthritis clinically present at any age with overlapping signs and symptoms. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the demographic distribution of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in children and to explore optimal imaging guidelines for these patients. We performed a retrospective study of children up to 18 years old who were treated for osteomyelitis or septic arthritis between January 2011 and September 2013. All patients underwent MRI without previous intervention. Studies were reviewed to determine the incidence of septic arthritis or superimposed osteomyelitis. The reference diagnosis was based on the combined review by the orthopedic surgeon and infectious disease notes, discharge summary, operative report, and MRI examination. One hundred sixty-two children who underwent 177 MRI examinations were diagnosed with acute musculoskeletal infection. One hundred three patients were included in the septic arthritis category, of whom 70 (68%) had septic arthritis with osteomyelitis. Seventy-four (42.1%) patients had isolated osteomyelitis without septic arthritis. Children under 2 years old were more likely to have septic arthritis (either isolated or with osteomyelitis) than isolated osteomyelitis compared with older children (p = 0.0003). In children who underwent MRI for suspected musculoskeletal infection, septic arthritis was more prevalent in children under the age of 2 years than in older children. However, both septic arthritis and osteomyelitis were found frequently in older children. Musculoskeletal infection imaging workup guidelines for children of all ages should address the frequent association of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. We recommend that MRI should be used in the evaluation of suspected musculoskeletal infections in children, and the nearest joint should always be included to evaluate the extent of articular disease.

  15. Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae Endocarditis and Presumed Osteomyelitis

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    Marc Romney

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is known to cause infections in humans following exposure to decaying organic matter or animals colonized with the organism, such as swine and fish. Invasive infections with this organism are unusual and are manifested primarily as infective endocarditis. The present report is believed to be the first to report a case of E rhusiopathiae endocarditis and presumptive osteomyelitis. E rhusiopathiae appears to have intrinsic resistance to vancomycin. Because vancomycin is often used empirically for the treatment of endocarditis, rapid differentiation of E rhusiopathiae> from other Gram-positive organisms is critical. In patients with endocarditis caused by a Gram-positive bacillus and epidemiological risk factors for E rhusiopathiae exposure, empirical treatment with vancomycin should be reconsidered.

  16. Osteomyelitis of zygoma in a schizophrenia patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomonori, Mizutani; Hiroki, Adachi; Masayuki, Hojo

    2012-07-03

    A 43-year-old man with schizophrenia presented to our hospital with appetite loss and general fatigue lasting 1-2 months. His face was flared and swollen, and he shed tears of pus. He could answer any questions, but never complained of pain. We found dacryocystitis with subcutaneous abscess with contiguous osteomyelitis with culture-proven Stapylococcus aureus, and diabetes mellitus (DM). Although DM neuropathy was mild, he did not complain of pain. We searched thoroughly for other abscesses since S aureus grew in all four of his blood cultures. We re-examined his whole body by CT, which revealed multiple muscle abscesses in both legs. It is reviewed that schizophrenia patients are relatively insensitive to physical pain. Thus, we should keep in mind that they may have multiple, unpredictable and rare underlying diseases, such as our case. Careful and thorough examinations are essential for treatment in schizophrenia patients.

  17. Osteomyelitis of the Patella in a 10-Year-Old Girl: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Matthias Sperl

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of osteomyelitis constantly declines. While the disease most commonly affects the long bones, involvement of the patella is rarely seen. Due to this rarity and the variable clinical presentation, diagnosis is often delayed. The present case report describes a 10-year-old female patient with a delayed diagnosis of patella osteomyelitis. The diagnostic procedures and the treatment regimen are described. Additionally, a detailed literature review of the available publications reporting osteomyelitis of the patella in children is presented.

  18. Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis and postsurgical disc space infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozuna, R M; Delamarter, R B

    1996-01-01

    The presentation and clinical course for hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis and postoperative discitis is presented. The treatment is primarily conservative care in the form of immobilization and parenteral antibiotics. The indications for surgery are rare and should be reserved for patients resistant to treatment or with septic course, abscess formation, or neurologic deficits. In these cases, the infectious process has generally involved the adjacent vertebrae or the neural elements. Surgery usually involves an anterior approach. The principles of surgical treatment involve debridement of necrotic tissue, decompression of neural elements, and stabilization of the spine. The outcome of patients with vertebral osteomyelitis and secondary discitis in general is favorable when appropriate treatment is rendered. Extension of the infection to the spinal canal in the form of an epidural abscess is also reviewed.

  19. Trends in the Epidemiology of Osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremers, Hilal Maradit; Nwojo, Macaulay E.; Ransom, Jeanine E.; Wood-Wentz, Christina M.; Melton, L. Joseph; Huddleston, Paul M.

    2015-01-01

    Background: The epidemiology of osteomyelitis in the United States is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine long-term secular trends in the incidence of osteomyelitis in a population-based setting. Methods: The study population comprised 760 incident cases of osteomyelitis first diagnosed between January 1, 1969, and December 31, 2009, among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota. The complete medical records for each potential subject were reviewed to confirm the osteomyelitis diagnosis and to extract details on anatomical sites, infecting organisms, etiological risk factors, and outcomes. Results: The overall age and sex-adjusted annual incidence of osteomyelitis was 21.8 cases per 100,000 person-years. The annual incidence was higher for men than for women and increased with age (p osteomyelitis from 2.3 cases per 100,000 person-years in the period from 1969 to 1979 to 7.6 cases per 100,000 person-years in the period from 2000 to 2009 (p osteomyelitis between 1969 and 2009 are unclear but could comprise a variety of factors, including changes in diagnosing patterns or increases in the prevalence of risk factors (e.g., diabetes) in this population. Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:25995495

  20. Risk of injury to vascular-nerve bundle after calcaneal fracture: comparison among three techniques

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    Pedro José Labronici

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the number of screws or pins placed in the calcaneus might increase the risk of injury when three different techniques for treating calcaneal fractures. METHOD: 126 radiographs of patients who suffered displaced calcaneal fractures were retrospectively analyzed. Three surgical techniques were analyzed on an interobserver basis: 31 radiographs of patients treated using plates that were not specific for the calcaneus, 48 using specific plates and 47 using an external fixator. The risk of injury to the anatomical structures in relation to each Kirschner wire or screw was determined using a graded system in accordance with the Licht classification. The total risk of injury to the anatomical structures through placement of more than one wire/screw was quantified using the additive law of probabilities for the product, for independent events. RESULTS: All of the models presented high explanatory power for the risk evaluated, since the coefficient of determination values (R2 were greater than 98.6 for all the models. Therefore, the set of variables studied explained more than 98.6% of the variations in the risks of injury to arteries, veins or nerves and can be classified as excellent models for prevention of injuries. CONCLUSION: The risk of injury to arteries, veins or nerves is not defined by the total number of pins/screws. The region and the number of pins/screws in each region define and determine the best distribution of the risk.

  1. Absolute fracture-risk prediction by a combination of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and bone mineral density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Mei Y; Nguyen, Nguyen D; Center, Jacqueline R; Eisman, John A; Nguyen, Tuan V

    2012-02-01

    Quantitative ultrasound measurement (QUS) and bone mineral density (BMD) have each been shown to predict fracture risk in women. The present study examined whether a combination of QUS and BMD could improve the predictive accuracy of fracture risk. This is a population-based prospective study which involved 454 women and 445 men aged 62-89 years. Femoral neck BMD (FNBMD) was measured by DXA and calcaneal QUS was measured as broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) by a CUBA sonometer. Fragility fracture was ascertained by X-ray reports during the follow-up period, which took place between mid-1989 and 2009. During the follow-up period (median 13 years, range 11-15), 75 men and 154 women sustained a fragility fracture. In women, the model with FNBMD and BUA had a higher AUC compared to that without BUA (0.73 vs. 0.71 for any fracture, 0.81 vs. 0.77 for hip fracture, and 0.72 vs. 0.70 for vertebral fracture). Reclassification analysis yielded a total net reclassification improvement of 7.3%, 11.1%, and 5.2% for any, hip, and vertebral fractures, respectively. For men, the addition of BUA to FNBMD did not improve the predictive power for any, hip, or vertebral fracture. These results suggest that calcaneal QUS is an independent predictor of fracture risk and that a combination of QUS and BMD measurement could improve the predictive accuracy of fracture risk in elderly women.

  2. Intra-articualr calcaneal fractures: Computed tomographic analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenberg, Z.S.; Feldman, F.; Singson, R.D.

    1987-02-01

    Computed tomography (CT) analysis of 21 intra-articular calcaneal fractures categorized according to the Essex-Lopresti classification revealed the following distribution: joint depression-type 57%, comminuted type 43%, tongue-type 0%. The posterior calcaneal facet was fractured and/or depressed in 100% of the cases while the medial facet was involved in only 25% of the cases. CT proved superior to plain films by consistently demonstrating additional fracture components within each major category suggesting subclassifications which have potential prognostic value. CT allowed more expeditious handling of acutely injured patients, and improved preoperative planning, postoperative follow-up, and detailed analysis of causes for chronic residual pain. CT further identified significant soft tissue injuries such as peroneal tendon displacement which cannot be delineated on plain films.

  3. Epidemiology of acute vertebral osteomyelitis in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsgaard, M R; Wagn, P; Bengtsson, J

    1998-01-01

    We studied the epidemiology of acute, non-tuberculous, hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis in Denmark during 1978-1982. 137 patients fulfilled the criteria for acute vertebral osteomyelitis. The incidence was 5/mill/year. There were no cases in the age group 20-29 years. The highest incidence......-1993, the relative number of reported patients with vertebral osteomyelitis had increased in the age group 20-49 years, compared to 1978-1982, but the incidence was highest in the group aged 60-79 years....

  4. Development of osteomyelitis secondary to a snakebite: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilsev Ince

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Viperidae family is responsible for most of the venomous snakebites in Anatolia. Toxicity symptoms may be local such as edema, hyperemia, blisters, necrosis, lymphadenopathy, and ecchymosis or hematological, including high white blood cell (WBC, neutrophilia, decrease in hemoglobin, thrombocytopenia, international normalized ratio (INR elongation, and increase in creatine kinase (CK, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF and #945;, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH. Antivenom thera- py should be provided if hyperemia continues and/or edema does not regress. Complications are very low in envenomation cases related to Viperidae bites with proper treatment and follow-up. Otherwise, complications can progress to necrosis, acute renal failure, compartment syndrome, amputation, and death may be seen. However, no report in the literature has described osteomyelitis as a late complication of snakebite. In this study, we present an osteomyelitis case caused by snakebite culminating in amputation because of the inadequate treatment. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2016; 5(3.000: 180-183

  5. [Sternal osteomyelitis and scrofuloderma due to BCG vaccination].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrales, Ivohne Fernanda; Cortés, Jorge Alberto; Mesa, María Lucía; Zamora, Graciela

    2003-06-01

    BCG vaccine has been used for nearly 100 years in the prevention of tuberculosis. The case of a 13 month-old girl vaccinated as a newborn with BCG is described as presenting a sternal mass with associated periostic erosion. The mass was resected, and histopathological examination revealed a chronic inflammatory reaction with caseous granulomas, and extension to bone and skin. PCR amplifications using specific primers for Mycobacterium tuberculosis on paraffin-embedded tissue were negative. BCG vaccination at birth, the histological appearance and the absence of M. tuberculosis DNA in the resected tissue indicated that osteomyelitis and scrofuloderma were a consequence of BCG. Osteomyelitis is a rarely occurring adverse effect of BCG vaccination, more commonly seen in immunosuppressed patients. In the patient described above, no symptoms of immunodeficiency were seen, however.

  6. [Percutaneous surgery for plantar fasciitis due to a calcaneal spur].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apóstol-González, Saúl; Herrera, Jesús

    2009-01-01

    Determine the efficacy of percutaneous surgical treatment for talalgia due to a calcaneal spur. This is an observational, descriptive, clinical series analyzing the outcomes of 10 patients with a diagnosis of talalgia due to plantar fasciitis with a calcaneal spur treated with percutaneous foot surgery. The end result was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS) to measure pain, the patients' opinion and their return to activities of daily living. Central tendency and scatter measurements were calculated. The inferential analysis was done with the non-parametric chi square (chi2) test. Most patients were females (90%) and mean age was 40.5 years. Follow-up was 12 months. One patient had bleeding of the approached area. Pain was reduced from 8 to 1.5 in the VAS. Nine patients returned to their activities. Two patients had occasional mild pain upon prolonged bipedestation. Ninety percent of results were satisfactory. Percutaneous foot surgery in talalgias caused by plantar fasciitis due to a calcaneal spur is a simple and effective method. It reduces the operative time and allows for an early return of patients to their activities of daily living.

  7. The conundrum of calcaneal spurs: do they matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moroney, Paul J; O'Neill, Barry J; Khan-Bhambro, Khalid; O'Flanagan, Shay J; Keogh, Peter; Kenny, Paddy J

    2014-04-01

    Chronic plantar heel pain is a common and potentially debilitating condition, often caused by plantar fasciitis. Plantar calcaneal spurs were originally considered the cause of plantar fasciitis but are now regarded as an incidental finding by most authors. We aimed to test this hypothesis and to investigate predisposing factors for the development of spurs. We reviewed all lateral ankle X rays taken in our institution over a 6-month period and identified all X rays demonstrating calcaneal spurs. Then, we identified a similar number of age- and sex-matched controls without spurs. We contacted both groups by telephone and compared symptoms of heel pain, plantar fasciitis, associated comorbidities, and foot and ankle outcome scores (FAOSs). We reviewed the X rays of 1103 consecutive patients and found a spur prevalence of 12.4%, more common in women and older patients. Questioning of the spur group and control group found a higher body mass index in the spur group. Patients with spurs were 4 times more likely to have diabetes mellitus and 10 times more likely to have lower-limb osteoarthritis. Patients with spurs had more foot pain and poorer FAOS than the control group, even when patients with plantar fasciitis were excluded. Our results demonstrate that the presence of a plantar calcaneal spur may be an indicator of foot pain independent of plantar fasciitis. Although spurs may not cause foot pain themselves, they may be an indication of other associated conditions. We have demonstrated the relevance of a radiographic finding once considered irrelevant.

  8. Demographics of extra-articular calcaneal fractures: Including a review of the literature on treatment and outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); A.Z. Ginai (Abida); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: Extra-articular calcaneal fractures represent 25-40% of all calcaneal fractures and an even higher percentage of up to 60% is seen in children. A disproportionately small part of the literature on calcaneal fractures involves the extra-articular type. The aim of this study

  9. Nocardia brasiliensis-associated femorotibial osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanegas, Samuel; Franco-Cendejas, Rafael; Cicero, Antonio; López-Jácome, Esaú; Colin, Claudia; Hernández, Melissa

    2014-03-01

    We report a case of femorotibial osteomyelitis due to Nocardia brasiliensis. Nocardia spp are a rare cause of bone infections, and the majority of such cases are associated with the spine. This type of osteomyelitis is uncommon, and in the immunocompetent host, is more often related to a chronic evolution following direct inoculation of the microorganism. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  10. Treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures by ligamentotaxis: Current concepts' review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); P. Patka (Peter)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: A large variety of therapeutic modalities for calcaneal fractures have been described in the literature. No single treatment modality for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures has proven superior over the other. This review describes and compares the different

  11. Clinical usefulness of calcaneal measurements using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohno, Jun [Nagasaki Saiseikai Hospital (Japan); Nakata, Tomoko; Ito, Masako

    1999-07-01

    To investigate the clinical usefulness of calcaneal measurement using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), the ability to detect bone loss and fracture risk were evaluated in comparison with spinal bone mineral density (BMD) measured using DXA and quantitative CT (QCT) and with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Furthermore, to investigate the region in calcaneus in which to detect bone change sensitively, the ability to detect bone loss and fracture risk were also evaluated using new regions of interest (ROIs) that were manually defined. The subjects were 165 healthy women, and 188 female patients with fracture, estrogen deficiency, and steroid-induced osteoporosis. Calcaneal BMD with some manually defined ROIs showed lower precision and less sensitivity in detecting bone loss than BMD measured with automatically defined ROIs. Calcaneal DXA, spinal DXA, and QCT demonstrated significant age-related bone loss, and all measurements could discriminate fracture cases from non-fracture cases. Calcaneal DXA could discriminate the bone loss associated with estrogen deficiency as well as spinal DXA. Furthermore, calcaneal measurements showed a greater ability to detect steroid-induced bone loss than spinal DXA, probably because this group included subjects of advanced age with spondylosis. In conclusion, calcaneal DXA is useful to assess BMD in subjects who are not suitable for spinal measurement, although the ability to detect age-related bone loss in calcaneal DXA is less than in spinal measurements. (author)

  12. Osteomyelitis diagnosis by {sup 99m}Tc radiolabeled aptamers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, S.R.; Ferreira, I.M.; Andrade, A.S.R., E-mail: sararoberta7@hotmail.com, E-mail: imendesf@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: antero@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Barros, A.L.B.; Cardoso, V.N.; Diniz, O.F., E-mail: brancodebarros@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: valbertcardoso@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: simoneodilia@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Farmacia. Departamento de Analises Clinicas e Toxicologicas

    2015-07-01

    Osteomyelitis, which is characterized by progressive inflammatory destruction and new opposition of bone, is still a difficult infection to treat. The clinical diagnosis in late stages is achieved easily, but an early diagnosis is more challenging. Staphylococcus aureus is a common agent found in osteomyelitis and bone prostheses infection. Diagnosis by scintigraphy has advantages because it is a non-invasive procedure and is able to perform an early diagnosis even before anatomic changes. Thus, nuclear medicine could contribute to an accurate diagnosis since specific radiopharmaceuticals were developed. In this study, aptamers selected to Staphylococcus aureus were labeled with {sup 99m}Tc and used for bacteria identification in an osteomyelitis experimental model. The aptamers selected to S. aureus were directly labelled with {sup 99m}Tc and were evaluated by biodistribution studies. Wistar rats with intraosseous infection in the right paw were used. A random aptamer labelled with {sup 99m}Tc was as control. Six animals were used in each group. The aptamers labeled with {sup 99m}Tc were able to identify the infection foci caused by S. aureus displaying a target/non-target ratio of 2,23 ± 0,20, after 3 h. The control group presented a target/non-target ratio 1,08 ± 0.23. The results indicated that the radiolabeled aptamers were able to identify specifically the infection foci and they should be further explored for infection diagnosis by scintigraphy. (author)

  13. Relapse multifocal osteomyelitis secondary to septicemia: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amjad Khan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is an inexorable and debilitating infection of bones. Mostly, it is a stubborn recurrent infection and follows a long aggressive medical and surgical treatment. The present patient (54 year old female is a case of chronic osteomyelitis with open trauma following septicemia as a result of accident. The patient got an open fracture of proximal right tibia, and surgical intervention along with pharmacological treatment was performed. A couple of days later, it was noted that there was swelling of the patient right leg, and pus discharge was evident. This infection was due to Enterobacter species as identified by laboratory results. Surgery was repeated for a complete debridement of wound. The case is of unusual interest because of its relentless nature, as even after, more than 38 months of treatment, the patient still suffers from the same discomfort of osteomyelitis and pus discharge is frequently being observed. Prolonged use of various antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, penicillin, fusidic acid, and cloxacillin was found to control pus discharge to some extent controlled by the usage of pus discharge.

  14. Central condylar displacement with brain abscess from chronic mandibular osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Thomas; Green, Ross; Hsu, Jack

    2013-06-01

    In this case report, we describe a unique long-term complication from undiagnosed mandibular osteomyelitis. A 53-year-old female who underwent a dental extraction complicated by chronic postoperative odontogenic infection and cutaneous parotid fistula formation 2 years earlier presented with acute mental status change, gradual unilateral facial nerve palsy (House-Brackmann score V), and nontraumatic dislocation of the condylar head into the middle cranial fossa. The patient's chronic mandibular osteomyelitis led to glenoid fossa erosion, middle cranial fossa penetration, and temporal lobe abscess formation. A combined middle cranial fossa approach through a burr hole placed in the squamous temporal bone near the zygomatic root and intraoral mandibular approach to ipsilateral condylar head was performed to complete partial mandibulectomy, including condylectomy. The patient was treated with 6 weeks of meropenem perioperatively. Four months after the surgery, the patient had complete resolution of skull base osteomyelitis, parotid fistula, and neurologic deficits and full recovery of facial nerve function (House-Brackmann score of I). Copyright © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

  15. Systematic approach to treat chronic osteomyelitis through localized drug delivery system: Bench to bed side

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhattacharya, Rupnarayan [Department of Plastic Surgery, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital (RGKMCH), Kolkata 700004 (India); Kundu, Biswanath, E-mail: biswa_kundu@rediffmail.com [Biocermics and Coating Division, CSIR — Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CSIR-CGCRI), Kolkata 700032 (India); Nandi, Samit Kumar, E-mail: samitnandi1967@gmail.com [Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences (WBUAFS), Kolkata 700037 (India); Basu, Debabrata [Biocermics and Coating Division, CSIR — Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute (CSIR-CGCRI), Kolkata 700032 (India)

    2013-10-15

    Chronic osteomyelitis is a challenging setback to the orthopedic surgeons in deciding an optimal therapeutic strategy. Conversely, patients feel frustrated of the therapeutic outcomes and development of adverse drug effects, if any. Present investigation deals with extensive approach incorporating in vivo animal experimentation and human application to treat chronic osteomyelitis, using antibiotic loaded porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds. Micro- to macro-porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds impregnated with antibiotic ceftriaxone–sulbactam sodium (CFS) were fabricated and subsequently evaluated by in vivo animal model after developing osteomyelitis in rabbit tibia. Finally 10 nos. of human osteomyelitis patients involving long bone and mandible were studied for histopathology, radiology, pus culture, 3D CT etc. up to 8–18 months post-operatively. It was established up to animal trial stage that 50N50H samples [with 50–55% porosity, average pore size 110 μm, higher interconnectivity (10–100 μm), and moderately high drug adsorption efficiency (50%)] showed efficient drug release up to 42 days than parenteral group based on infection eradication and new bone formation. In vivo human bone showed gradual evidence of new bone formation and fracture union with organized callus without recurrence of infection even after 8 months. This may be a new, alternative, cost effective and ideal therapeutic strategy for chronic osteomyelitis treatment in human patients. - Highlights: • Chronic osteomyelitis is challenging setback to decide optimal therapeutic strategy. • Micro- to macro-porous antibiotic CFS impregnated HAp scaffolds were fabricated. • Complete in vivo animal trial done after developing osteomyelitis in rabbit tibia. • Clinical trial showed fracture union without recurrence of infection after 8 months. • This may be a new, alternative, cost effective and ideal therapeutic strategy.

  16. The epidemiology of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis: a cohort study in a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wright Neill M

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Vertebral osteomyelitis is a common manifestation of osteomyelitis in adults and associated with considerable morbidity. Limited data exist regarding hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis. Our objective was to describe the epidemiology and management of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis. Methods We performed a 2-year retrospective cohort study of adult patients with hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis at a tertiary care hospital. Results Seventy patients with hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis were identified. The mean age was 59.7 years (±15.0 and 38 (54% were male. Common comorbidities included diabetes (43% and renal insufficiency (24%. Predisposing factors in the 30 days prior to admission included bacteremia (19%, skin/soft tissue infection (17%, and having an indwelling catheter (30%. Back pain was the most common symptom (87%. Seven (10% patients presented with paraplegia. Among the 46 (66% patients with a microbiological diagnosis, the most common organisms were methicillin-susceptible S. aureus [15 (33% cases], and methicillin-resistant S. aureus [10 (22%]. Among the 44 (63% patients who had a diagnostic biopsy, open biopsy was more likely to result in pathogen recovery [14 (93% of 15 with open biopsy vs. 14 (48% of 29 with needle biopsy; p = 0.003]. Sixteen (23% patients required surgical intervention for therapeutic purposes during admission. Conclusions This is one of the largest series of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis. A microbiological diagnosis was made in only approximately two-thirds of cases. S. aureus was the most common causative organism, of which almost half the isolates were methicillin-resistant.

  17. Osteomyelitis caused by Achromobacter xylosoxidans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Shinha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Achromobacter xylosoxidans is an aerobic, nonfermenting gram-negative rod and described as a waterborne bacterium since it habits aquatic environments ubiquitously. It has frequently been isolated from aquatic surroundings in the hospital and from various human body sites. Although occasionally considered a non-pathogen, A. xylosoxidans has been associated with outbreaks of nosocomial infection due to contaminated fluids. Moreover, a wide variety of infectious etiologies due to A. xylosoxidans has been reported primarily in immunocompromised individuals. Heightened awareness of this bacterium and associated clinical importance is warranted for clinicians since its broad disease spectrum in humans and frequent multi-drug resistance may result in an increased mortality rate. In this report, we describe a case of osteomyelitis caused by A. xylosoxidans in a patient with a history of diabetes mellitus.

  18. Plantar calcaneal spurs in older people: longitudinal traction or vertical compression?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Landorf Karl B

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Plantar calcaneal spurs are common, however their pathophysiology is poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of plantar calcaneal spurs in a large sample of older people. Methods Weightbearing lateral foot radiographs of 216 people (140 women and 76 men aged 62 to 94 years (mean age 75.9, SD 6.6 were examined for plantar calcaneal and Achilles tendon spurs. Associations between the presence of spurs and sex, body mass index, radiographic measures of foot posture, self-reported co-morbidities and current or previous heel pain were then explored. Results Of the 216 participants, 119 (55% had at least one plantar calcaneal spur and 103 (48% had at least one Achilles tendon spur. Those with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to have Achilles tendon spurs (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 3.5. Prevalence of spurs did not differ according to sex. Participants with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to be obese (OR = 7.9, 95% CI 3.6 to 17.0, report osteoarthritis (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.6 to 4.8 and have current or previous heel pain (OR = 4.6, 95% CI 2.3 to 9.4. No relationship was found between the presence of calcaneal spurs and radiographic measures of foot posture. Conclusion Calcaneal spurs are common in older men and women and are related to obesity, osteoarthritis and current or previous heel pain, but are unrelated to radiographic measurements of foot posture. These findings support the theory that plantar calcaneal spurs may be an adaptive response to vertical compression of the heel rather than longitudinal traction at the calcaneal enthesis.

  19. Plantar calcaneal spurs in older people: longitudinal traction or vertical compression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menz, Hylton B; Zammit, Gerard V; Landorf, Karl B; Munteanu, Shannon E

    2008-08-11

    Plantar calcaneal spurs are common, however their pathophysiology is poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of plantar calcaneal spurs in a large sample of older people. Weightbearing lateral foot radiographs of 216 people (140 women and 76 men) aged 62 to 94 years (mean age 75.9, SD 6.6) were examined for plantar calcaneal and Achilles tendon spurs. Associations between the presence of spurs and sex, body mass index, radiographic measures of foot posture, self-reported co-morbidities and current or previous heel pain were then explored. Of the 216 participants, 119 (55%) had at least one plantar calcaneal spur and 103 (48%) had at least one Achilles tendon spur. Those with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to have Achilles tendon spurs (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 3.5). Prevalence of spurs did not differ according to sex. Participants with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to be obese (OR = 7.9, 95% CI 3.6 to 17.0), report osteoarthritis (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.6 to 4.8) and have current or previous heel pain (OR = 4.6, 95% CI 2.3 to 9.4). No relationship was found between the presence of calcaneal spurs and radiographic measures of foot posture. Calcaneal spurs are common in older men and women and are related to obesity, osteoarthritis and current or previous heel pain, but are unrelated to radiographic measurements of foot posture. These findings support the theory that plantar calcaneal spurs may be an adaptive response to vertical compression of the heel rather than longitudinal traction at the calcaneal enthesis.

  20. Dual Fixation of Calcaneal Tuberosity Avulsion with Concomitant Achilles Tendon Rupture: A Novel Hybrid Technique

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    Gautham Prabhakar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fracture of the calcaneal tuberosity with a concomitant Achilles tendon rupture presents a difficult challenge for the treating surgeon. The ultimate goal of treatment is to restore function of both the gastrocnemius-soleus complex and the Achilles tendon. This particular subset of fractures occurs often in diabetics and elderly patients with osteoporosis making fixation of the displaced fragment rather complex. If the Achilles tendon disruption is only discovered later once the fracture is healed, subsequent management is difficult with surgical treatment being more morbid. While this is a rare injury, the consequences of a missed chronic Achilles tendon disruption are severe with significant dysfunction. It is therefore important to have a high index of suspicion for concomitant injury and to be prepared for dual fixation. We present a novel hybrid surgical fixation technique, which may be used in this instance.

  1. Osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... replace worn joints also can accidentally open a path for germs to enter a bone. Implanted orthopedic ... College of Medicine and Science Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Mayo Clinic School of Medicine ...

  2. Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Fixation of Calcaneal Fractures in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yongzeng; Yu, Yang; Shui, Xiaolong; Ying, Xiaozhou; Cai, Leyi; Hong, Jianjun

    2016-07-01

    Open reduction and internal fixation has been widely used to treat displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures in children. However, the complications of surgical trauma and the wound created through the extended lateral approach cannot be ignored. This study analyzed the outcomes of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in children treated with closed reduction and percutaneous fixation. Medical records of pediatric patients who had displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures and underwent closed reduction and percutaneous fixation at the study institution between January 2008 and January 2013 were reviewed. Preoperative radiographs and computed tomography scans were used to evaluate and classify the fractures. Clinical outcomes and radiographic findings were assessed at postoperative follow-up. The study included 14 displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in 11 patients (7 boys and 4 girls). Mean patient age was 11.18 years (range, 6-16 years), and average follow-up time was 42.8 months postoperatively (range, 12-72 months). There were 6 tongue-type fractures and 8 joint depression-type fractures, based on the Essex-Lopresti classification, and there were 11 type II and 3 type III fractures, based on the Sanders classification. Average Böhler angle was 8.00° (range, -5° to 18°) preoperatively and 30.79° (range, 26° to 40°) postoperatively (P<.001). Average subjective American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot score was 65.7 (range, 52-68). No patients had wound breakdown or infection. In the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in pediatric patients, closed reduction and percutaneous fixation achieved good outcomes, with few complications. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(4):e744-e748.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR DISPLACED FRACTURE OF THE CALCANEAL TUBEROSITY

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    Siva G. Prasad

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The aim of the study is to compare the outcome following conservative or surgical treatment for displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. MATERIALS AND METHODS 14 men and 4 women aged 20 to 44 years chose to undergo conservative (9 feet or surgical (10 feet treatment by a single surgeon for closed displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. The injury mechanism was a fall from a height of <1.5 m; the mean time from injury to treatment was 3 (range 1-7 days. Conservative treatment comprised immobilisation in a plaster cast. Surgical treatment involved fixation with a half thread cannulated screw for large fragments (in 6 feet or a mini-plate for comminuted fragments (in 4 feet. At the final follow-up, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS ankle and hind foot score was evaluated. RESULTS The conservative and surgery groups were comparable in terms of age, gender and fracture displacement. The mean follow-up duration was 20 (range, 14-24 months. All patients had bone union; none had implant loosening or breakage. One patient with surgical treatment developed skin numbness at the medial aspect of the heel that resolved following neurotrophic drug treatment for 3 months. The surgery group achieved earlier full weight bearing (5.8 vs. 7.5 weeks, p<0.001 and return to work (5.9 vs. 8.2 weeks, p=0.048, but comparable AOFAS score (89.0 vs. 88.2, p=0.4. CONCLUSION Surgery for displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity enabled earlier full weight bearing and return to work, but comparable AOFAS score.

  4. The conundrum of calcaneal spurs: do they matter?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moroney, Paul J

    2013-12-30

    Background: Chronic plantar heel pain is a common and potentially debilitating condition, often caused by plantar fasciitis. Plantar calcaneal spurs were originally considered the cause of plantar fasciitis but are now regarded as an incidental finding by most authors. We aimed to test this hypothesis and to investigate predisposing factors for the development of spurs. Methods: We reviewed all lateral ankle X rays taken in our institution over a 6-month period and identified all X rays demonstrating calcaneal spurs. Then, we identified a similar number of age- and sex-matched controls without spurs. We contacted both groups by telephone and compared symptoms of heel pain, plantar fasciitis, associated comorbidities, and foot and ankle outcome scores (FAOSs). Results: We reviewed the X rays of 1103 consecutive patients and found a spur prevalence of 12.4%, more common in women and older patients. Questioning of the spur group and control group found a higher body mass index in the spur group. Patients with spurs were 4 times more likely to have diabetes mellitus and 10 times more likely to have lower-limb osteoarthritis. Patients with spurs had more foot pain and poorer FAOS than the control group, even when patients with plantar fasciitis were excluded. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that the presence of a plantar calcaneal spur may be an indicator of foot pain independent of plantar fasciitis. Although spurs may not cause foot pain themselves, they may be an indication of other associated conditions. Clinical relevance: We have demonstrated the relevance of a radiographic finding once considered irrelevant.

  5. Neglected Foreign Body, the Cause of Navicular Osteomyelitis in A Paediatric Foot: A Case Report

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    Chandrashekara C.M

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Foreign body injuries with date thorns, metal and wooden splinters are common in Middle East region, as most of it is desert. Some of the injuries lead to cellulitis or abscess formation, if neglected or improperly managed results in osteomyelitis or septic arthritis of foot structures. This is the first report of isolated navicular osteomyelitis following neglected foreign body in a paediatric foot. Case Report: A 10 year old male patient presented with discharging sinus in left mid-foot 3 years after penetrating injury with wooden splinter. The diagnosis of navicular osteomelitis is confirmed with plain radio-graphs. The ultrasound of foot was done to localize the foreign bodies. Patient was treated with complete removal of foreign body (wooden splinters, surgical debridement and combination of IV and oral cloxacillin for period of 6 weeks. At 18 months follow up, patient had painless foot with no recurrence or collapse of navicular bone. Conclusion: The neglected foreign body can result in osteomyelitis of small bones of foot in pediatric patient. The ultrasound is more useful tool in localizing foreign bodies; those are not radio-opaque. Early and prompt diagnosis with adequate treatment of established osteomyelitis by complete removal of foreign body, curettage and antibiotics can give good results. Keywords: Osteomyelitis; Navicular bone; Foreign body; Paediatric.

  6. An unusual sacral osteomyelitis due to an occult anterior sacral meningocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Erdal Resit; Hasturk, Askin Esen; Caglar, Sukru

    2013-12-01

    We present the extremely rare case of sacral osteomyelitis due to an anterior sacral meningocele (ASM) with fistula to the skin. We also discuss the case's clinical significance and the importance of imaging in diagnosis. A 28-year-old female patient was referred to our clinic due to back and hip pain, erythema, and purulent discharge from the right gluteal region. Neurological examination was normal except for pain in the gluteal region. Physical examination revealed a porus lateral to the right gluteal region. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)showed osteomyelitis and a minimal occult sacral meningocele in the anterior sacral region. Contrast-enhanced radiographic imaging clearly showed the fistula tract. The patient underwent surgery via the posterior approach; debridement of the sacral osteomyelitis was performed and the fistula tract toward the skin was closed. She was pain free after surgery. There were no postoperative complications. Although vertebral osteomyelitis due to ASMs is extremely rare, the risk of infection increases in cases of a fistula to the skin. When investigating the etiology of treatment-resistant infections, especially of the skin, sacral osteomyelitis and an underlying anomaly must be kept in mind. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. A Rare Case of Clavicle Osteomyelitis in a Child and Literature Review

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    Elisavet-Anna Chrysochoou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute clavicle osteomyelitis in children is rare representing <3% of osteomyelitis cases. We treated a 12-year-old boy who presented with acute pain in the right clavicle and high fever for 4 days. MRI showed abnormal signal in the right clavicle with periosteal reaction. Staphylococcus aureus isolated from blood was susceptible to methicillin, clindamycin, and macrolides. Clindamycin was given intravenously for 3 wks and orally for another 3 wks with no recurrence. We reviewed clavicle osteomyelitis cases in children searching PubMed English literature. From a total of 89 studies retrieved, only 6 fulfilled the criteria and were analyzed. Sixteen patients (56% female were included with a median age of 9 yrs (range 2 wks–16 yrs. Osteomyelitis was hematogenous in most cases, with S. aureus being the most frequent cause, isolated from either blood or tissue. Symptoms included fever, swelling, and localized bone tenderness. Antimicrobial therapy lasted for 4–12 weeks (median 7.5. Three patients required drainage or curettage. Recurrence occurred in 1/16 cases (6.2% and persistence of symptoms occurred to 2/16 cases (12.5% reported before 90s with unknown antimicrobial susceptibility of the pathogen. Acute clavicle osteomyelitis mainly affects older children and has generally good prognosis. Staphylococcus aureus is most commonly implicated and surgery may be needed.

  8. Eumycetoma Osteomyelitis of the Calcaneus in a Child: A Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation following Total Calcanectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer Ahmed EL-Sobky

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungi are unusual causes of pedal osteomyelitis in children and adolescents. Eumycetoma is a chronic cutaneous and subcutaneous infection caused by various genera of fungi. A provisional diagnosis of foot mycetoma is made after clinical assessment. Radiologic-pathologic correlation is an essential supplement for the accurate diagnosis of osteoarticular infections. This paper aims to sensitize orthopedic surgeons, radiologists, and pathologists to the importance of correlative imaging findings in relation to surgical and microscopic pathology in osteoarticular infections, specifically eumycetoma osteomyelitis of the foot. From our review of the published data, the present case is the first report of radiologic-pathologic correlation in eumycetoma osteomyelitis of the calcaneus. This paper describes a case of eumycetoma osteomyelitis of the calcaneus in a child in which diagnostic X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI were correlated with the surgical and microscopic pathologic features, for establishing an appropriate diagnosis and treatment. We conclude that there is a significant agreement between radiologic and pathologic evaluation for assessment of eumycetoma osteomyelitis of the calcaneus. Radiologic-pathologic correlation amplified our interpretation of imaging information available on plain radiographs and MRI and augmented diagnostic confidence. Similarly, anatomic-histopathological correlations consolidated diagnostic accuracy.

  9. Squamous cell carcinoma resulting from chronic osteomyelitis: a retrospective study of 8 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qinghu; Cui, Haomin; Dong, Jinlei; He, Yu; Zhou, Dongsheng; Zhang, Peng; Liu, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Squamous cell carcinoma is a severe malignant tumor but was rare in the chronic osteomyelitis. The purpose of this study was to present the results from a retrospective study the cases of squamous cell carcinoma arising from chronic osteomyelitis. Between 1974 and 2010, eight cases of squamous cell carcinoma after chronic osteomyelitis were treated. The patients had an average age of 55 years (range 45 to 66 years), with a male predominance (6 men and 2 woman). We analyzed the time up to cancerization, localization and histopathological types of the carcinoma, and types and results of the treatment. The mean delay between the initial injury and the diagnosis of malignant transformation was 28 years (range 8 to 50 years). The carcinoma resulted from tibia osteomyelitis in six cases, femur in one case and ankle in one case. The pathological examination showed two cases of a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma with bone invasion and six cases of invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Curative amputation was performed in all patients but one who refused. No recurrence or metastasis occurred during follow-up time. Amputation appears to be an effective treatment method in squamous carcinoma secondary to chronic osteomyelitis.

  10. Unexpectedly high incidences of chronic non-bacterial as compared to bacterial osteomyelitis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnabel, A; Range, U; Hahn, G; Siepmann, T; Berner, R; Hedrich, C M

    2016-12-01

    Historically, osteomyelitis was considered an infectious disorder. More recently, inflammatory mechanisms were recognized causing a significant proportion of pediatric osteomyelitis. This study was to compare characteristics of children with chronic non-bacterial (CNO) and bacterial osteomyelitis (BOM). A chart review of osteomyelitis patients from the departments of pediatrics, pediatric surgery, orthopedic surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery was conducted in a tertiary referral center, covering the years 2004-2014. Institutional incidences of CNO (n = 49) and BOM (n = 56) were comparable. Differentiation between CNO and BOM based on clinical or laboratory findings was mostly impossible. However, children with BOM more frequently presented with local inflammatory signs (47 vs. 68 %, p = 0.040), fever (12 vs. 38 %, p = 0.003), and abscesses (0 vs. 39 %, p osteomyelitis to (1) detect clinically inapparent lesions in CNO and (2) indirectly exclude (usually unifocal) chronic bacterial infections. Prospective studies are warranted to establish evidence-based diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to CNO.

  11. Temporal Bone Osteomyelitis: The Relationship with Malignant Otitis Externa, the Diagnostic Dilemma, and Changing Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-Cheng Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fifty-five patients hospitalized for osteomyelitis of the temporal bone between 1990 and 2011 were divided into two study groups: group 1 was patients collected from 1990 to 2001 and group 2 was composed of patients between 2002 and 2011. Clinical diagnostic criteria and epidemiologic data were analyzed to illustrate the altering features of osteomyelitis of the temporal bone. Group 1 patients were characterized by high prevalence of diabetes and more commonly suffered from otalgia, otitis externa and granulation tissue in the external auditory canal and higher positive culture for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Noticeable changing trends were found between both groups, including declining prevalence of diabetes, fewer patients complaining of pain or presenting with otitis externa, and canal granulation, and increased variety of pathogens in group 2. We should highlight the index of clinical suspicion for osteomyelitis of the temporal bone, even in nondiabetic or immunocompetent patients. Painless otorrhea patients were also at risk of osteomyelitis of the temporal bone, especially patients with previous otologic operation. Increased multiplicity of pathogens amplified the difficulty of diagnosis for osteomyelitis of the temporal bone.

  12. Prolonged anti-bacterial activity of ion-complexed doxycycline for the treatment of osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Se Heang; Nam, Bo Ra; Lee, In Soo; Lee, Jin Ho

    2016-01-01

    The main purposes of the present study are the fabrication of an ion-complexed antibiotic which allows for the continuous release of the drug for sufficient periods of time without any additional matrix leading to unfavorable tissue responses, and the feasibility study of the ion-complexed antibiotic as a therapeutic system for osteomyelitis using an animal model. An ion-complexed doxycycline (icDX) as an antibiotic was prepared by simple mixing of positively charged doxycycline hyclate (DX) and negatively charged multivalent Na2HPO4 (2Na(+) HPO4(2-)) aqueous solutions. The icDX showed a controlled release of the DX up to 6 weeks. From the in vivo feasibility study using an osteomyelitis rat model, the icDX group showed a more effective therapeutic effect for the osteomyelitis, at 3 and 6 weeks, compared to the non-treated control and free DX groups. This was due to the sustained release of DX from the icDX in the osteomyelitis bone (medullary cavity) without migration. These findings suggest that the icDX may be a promising local delivery system in the clinical field for the treatment of the osteomyelitis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Role of Nasal Endoscopy in Chronic Osteomyelitis of Maxilla and Zygoma: A Case Report

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    J. S. Arunkumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of the jaws was relatively common before the era of antibiotic therapy and preventive and restorative dentistry. Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process that can involve cortical and trabecular aspects of bone or bone marrow. Cranial bones are infrequently involved, but spreading of inflammation with involvement of surrounding structures represents important risk, such as cerebral abscess, encephalitis, or meningitis. The mandible is more commonly involved than the maxilla. Dentogenic infections cause 38% of mandibular and 25% of maxillary involvement. Involvement of zygoma is very rare. Factors like viral fevers, malnutrition, malaria, anemia,tobacco chewing, immunodeficiency, osteopetrosis, Paget’s disease of bone, and florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD result in decreased vascularity of the affected bone, predisposing to the development of osteomyelitis. We present a case of osteomyelitis of left maxilla and zygoma with oroantral fistula in an immunocompetent adult male caused by dentogenic infection. The complete resolution of infection was gained with surgical treatment using nasal endoscope and antibiotic therapy. The aims of this paper are to illustrate diagnostic patterns, to report radiographic findings and surgical treatment using nasal endoscope in a case of osteomyelitis of maxilla and zygoma. The prognosis and cosmetic results are discussed.

  14. Conservative treatment in a patient with diabetic osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Sune Møller; Frokjaer, J.; Yderstraede, K.

    2015-01-01

    Diabetic foot ulcers are commonly complicated by bone involvement and osteomyelitis. Diagnosing diabetic osteomyelitis can be problematic. However, positive findings at clinical examination and X-ray may set the diagnosis. Recent guidelines suggest that selected cases of diabetic osteomyelitis ca...

  15. Efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave treatment in calcaneal enthesophytosis

    OpenAIRE

    Cosentino, R.; Falsetti, P; Manca, S; Stefano, R.; Frati, E; Frediani, B; Baldi, F; Selvi, E; Marcolongo, R

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To evaluate the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) in calcaneal enthesophytosis.
METHODS—60 patients (43 women, 17 men) were examined who had talalgia associated with heel spur. A single blind randomised study was performed in which 30 patients underwent a regular treatment (group 1) and 30 a simulated one (shocks of 0 mJ/mm2 energy were applied) (group 2). Variations in symptoms were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS). Variations in the dimension of enthes...

  16. [Operative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwipp, H; Rammelt, S; Amlang, M; Pompach, M; Dürr, C

    2013-12-01

    Anatomic reduction of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with restoration of height, length, and axial alignment and reconstruction of the subtalar and calcaneocuboid joints. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with incongruity of the posterior facet of the subtalar joint, loss of height, and axial malalignment. High perioperative risk, soft tissue infection, advanced peripheral arterial disease (stage III), neurogenic osteoarthropathy, poor patient compliance (e. g., substance abuse). Extended lateral approach with the patient placed on the uninjured side. Reduction of the anatomic shape and joint surfaces according to the preoperative CT-based planning. Reduction of the medial wall and step-wise reconstruction of the posterior facet from medial to lateral. Reduction of the tuberosity and anterior process fragments to the posterior joint block and temporary fixation with Kirschner wires. Internal fixation with an anatomic lateral plate in a locking or nonlocking mode. Alternatively less invasive internal fixation with a calcaneus nail over a sinus tarsi approach for less severe fracture types. The lower leg is immobilized in a brace until the wound is healed. Range of motion exercises of the ankle and subtalar joints are initiated on the second postoperative day. Patients are mobilized in their own shoe with partial weight bearing of 20 kg for 6-12 weeks depending on fracture severity and bone quality. Over a 4-year period, 163 patients with 184 displaced, intra-articular calcaneal fractures were treated with a lateral plate via an extended approach. In all, 102 patients with 116 fractures were followed for a mean of 8 years. A surgical revision was necessary in 4 cases (3.4%) of postoperative hematoma, 2 (1.7%) superficial and 5 (4.3%) deep infections. Of the latter, 2 patients needed a free flap for definite wound coverage, no calcanectomy or amputation was needed. Secondary subtalar fusion for symptomatic posttraumatic arthritis was

  17. Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis related to a fully impacted third molar germ: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Joonhyoung; Myoung, Hoon

    2016-08-01

    In prolonged chronic osteomyelitis, chronic inflammation and low-grade infections can result in new periosteal bone formation. Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis (traditionally termed Garré's sclerosing osteomyelitis) mainly affects children and young adults. Here, we present two rare cases of an 11-year-old and a 12-year-old patient with suppurative chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis without any definitive infection source, such as dental caries or periodontitis. The source of infection was likely to be related to the development of a lower right third molar germ with follicular space widening. Management involved antibiotics and the removal of the third molar germ and surgical debridement. Disease remission and a normal appearance was observed at the six-month follow-up visit.

  18. Clinical Management of Suppurative Osteomyelitis, Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis, and Osteoradionecrosis: Report of Three Cases and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Pereira Guimarães

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the past, osteomyelitis was frequent and characterized by a prolonged course, treatment response uncertainty, and occasional disfigurement. Today, the disease is less common; it is believed that the decline in prevalence may be attributed to increased availability of antibiotics and improvement of overall health patterns. Currently, more common osteomyelitis variants are seen, namely, osteoradionecrosis (ORN and bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ. Osteomyelitis, ORN, and BRONJ can present with similar symptoms, signs, and radiographic findings. However, each condition is a separate entity, with different treatment approaches. Thus, accurate diagnosis is essential for adequate management and improved patient prognosis. The aim of this paper is to report three cases of inflammatory lesions of the jaws—osteomyelitis, ORN, and BRONJ—and to discuss their etiology, clinical aspects, radiographic findings, histopathological features, treatment options, and preventive measures.

  19. Staphylococcus aureus sternal osteomyelitis: a rare cause of chest pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaur M

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Chest pain is a common presenting symptom with a broad differential. Life-threatening cardiac and pulmonary etiologies of chest pain should be evaluated first. However, it is critical to perform a thorough assessment for other sources of chest pain in order to limit morbidity and mortality from less common causes. We present a rare case of a previously healthy 45 year old man who presented with focal, substernal, reproducible chest pain and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia who was later found to have primary Staphylococcus aureus sternal osteomyelitis.

  20. The surgical dilemma of the malunited calcaneal joint depression fracture: the VAMC Miami experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, M

    1996-01-01

    During the period of October 1985 through March 1995, 25 patients presented to the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami with a chief complaint of chronic pain status post calcaneal joint depression fracture. Their acute injury was treated conservatively at this and various other institutions. Nine patients were managed conservatively with orthotics, University of California Biomechanics Laboratory braces (UCBLs), shoe modification, or prosthetics. Sixteen patients underwent hindfoot fusions. Good to excellent results were obtained in 15 of the 16 fusions. The remaining patient, having an isolated subtalar fusion, was later diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Proper evaluation of the chronic pain patient is critical when mapping out an appropriate treatment plan. Hindfoot arthrodesis with soft tissue decompression is a successful tool in eliminating chronic pain due to malunited depression fractures.

  1. Thermographic findings in a case of type 2 diabetes with foot ulcer and osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oe, M; Yotsu, R R; Sanada, H; Nagase, T; Tamaki, T

    2012-06-01

    Using thermography, skin temperature was evaluated in a 76-year-old patient with type II diabetes mellitus, presenting with diabetic foot ulceration on the right hallux and a corn on the left fourth toe. Increased skin temperature was observed in both the right hallux and the left fourth toe, though there were no visible clinical signs of infection. Unexpectedly, the high temperature area was seen to extend from the left fourth toe to the ankle. The patient was later diagnosed with osteomyelitis, due to the presence of a high-intensity area on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, suggesting the elevated skin temperature was due to osteomyelitis. Based on these observations, thermography could prove useful for screening for foot ulcers with osteomyelitis.

  2. Vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscesses caused by Prevotella oralis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Hemant; Arora, Shitij; Mishra, Sneha; Jamil, Syed; Shah, Uday

    2012-01-01

    An interesting case of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis with multiple epidural abscesses caused by non-pigmented Prevotella oralis is reported. The patient was a 68-year-old female who presented to the emergency room (ER) with severe pain and tenderness in her lower back with fever. She had recently undergone esophagogastroduodensoscopy (EGD) for complaints of esophageal reflux, which showed submucosal cyst in the esophagus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracic spine revealed multiple spinal epidural abscesses with signal enhancement at the level of T6 and T7, suggestive of vertebral osteomyelitis. Two blood cultures drawn one hour apart grew Prevotella oralis. The body fluid aspirated from the abscesses was also positive for the anaerobic commensal P. oralis. Necrosis associated with the submucosal cyst was implicated as the cause of sepsis and osteomyelitis due to this organism. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  3. Current Understanding of the Pathogenesis and Management of Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandu, M.

    2012-01-01

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory disorder that primarily affects children. Its hallmark is recurring episodes of sterile osteomyelitis. The clinical presentation is insidious onset of bone pain with or without fever. Laboratory studies typically reveal nonspecific evidence of inflammation. Radiologic imaging and histologic appearance resemble those of infectious osteomyelitis. There is a strong association with inflammatory disorders of the skin and intestinal tract in affected individuals and their close relatives, suggesting a shared pathophysiology and supporting a genetic component to disease susceptibility. Two genetic syndromes have CRMO as a prominent phenotype—Majeed syndrome and deficiency of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist—and suggest that interleukin-1 may be a key cytokine in disease pathogenesis. This review briefly summarizes the main clinical and radiologic aspects of the disease and then focuses on genetics and pathophysiology and provides an update on treatment. PMID:22359228

  4. Pyogenic spinal osteomyelitis: a review of 61 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverthorn, K G; Gillespie, W J

    1986-02-12

    The presentation and outcome of 61 cases of nontuberculous spinal osteomyelitis were reviewed. Although the commonest presentation was subacute, with back pain predominating, 10% had septicaemia and 7% paraperesis or paraplegia. Most infections were caudal to the fourth thoracic vertebra. One third were associated with preceding urinary, respiratory, dental or abdominal sepsis. Staphylococcus aureus was the infecting organism in 85% of isolates. Delay in diagnosis was frequent. There were four deaths, and seven individuals remained severely disabled: outcome was otherwise satisfactory. An algorithm for the investigation and management of this uncommon but serious condition is proposed.

  5. Approach to osteomyelitis treatment with antibiotic loaded PMMA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wentao, Zhang; Lei, Guangyu; Liu, Yang; Wang, Wei; Song, Tao; Fan, Jinzhu

    2017-01-01

    To reduce the incidence of osteomyelitis infection, local antibiotic impregnated delivery systems are commonly used as a promising and effective approach to deliver high antibiotic concentrations at the infection site. The objective of this review was to provide a literature review regarding approach to osteomyelitis treatment with antibiotic loaded PMMA. Literature study regarding osteomyelitis treatment with antibiotic loaded carriers using key terms Antibiotic, osteomyelitis, biodegradable PMMA through published articles. Hands searching of bibliographies of identified articles were also undertaken. We concluded that Antibiotic-impregnated PMMA beads are useful options for the treatment of osteomyelitis for prolonged drug therapy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Cervical osteomyelitis after carbon dioxide laser excision of recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmermans, A Jacqueline; Brandsma, Dieta; Smeele, Ludi E; Rosingh, Andert W; van den Brekel, Michiel W M; Lohuis, Peter J F M

    2013-04-01

    Two patients with recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall, previously treated with carbon dioxide (CO2) laser excision and (chemo)radiotherapy, presented with neck pain due to cervical osteomyelitis. In one patient this led to cervical spine instability, for which a haloframe was applied. Our working hypothesis was that cervical osteomyelitis was caused by an infected wound bed induced by CO2 laser excision of the tumor in the already vascular-compromised area of the irradiated posterior pharyngeal wall. We discuss the risks of leaving a wound for secondary granulation after CO2 laser excision of the posterior pharyngeal wall and prophylactic antibiotic treatment.

  7. Chronic Osteomyelitis of the Femur with Segmental Bone Defect: Concepts and Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Y. Bajuri

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Chronic osteomyelitis of the femur has always been a challenging scenario for the treating surgeon. It leads to morbidity to the patient as it interferes with the patient's rehabilitation and mobilisation. This is further complicated with the presence of a segmental bone loss following debridement due to the infection. We present a case of a young man who had a femur fracture which was initially treated with intramedullary nailing and subsequently was complicated with deep surgical site infection leading to chronic osteomyelitis.

  8. A porcine model of acute, haematogenous, localized osteomyelitis due to Staphylococcus aureus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Louise Kruse; Frees, Dorte; Aalbæk, Bent

    2011-01-01

    A porcine model of acute, haematogenous, localized osteomyelitis was established. Serial dilutions of Staphylococcus aureus [5–50–500–5000–50 000 CFU/kg body weight (BW) suspended in saline or saline alone] were inoculated into the right brachial artery of pigs (BW 15 kg) separated into six groups...... developed microabscesses in bones of the infected legs. In the centre of microabscesses, S. aureus was regularly demonstrated together with necrotic neutrophils. Often, bone lesions resulted in trabecular osteonecrosis. The present localized model of acute haematogenous osteomyelitis revealed a pattern...

  9. Right ventricular wall abscess in structurally normal heart after leg osteomyelitis: First case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Tanveer; Pasarad, Ashwini Kumar; Kishore, Kolkebaile Sadanand; Maheshwarappa, Nandakumar Neralakere

    2016-09-01

    A 3-year-old girl presented with fever and acute dyspnea for 4 days. She had suffered an injury to the left lower leg 3 weeks earlier, with abscess formation. Magnetic resonance imaging showed osteomyelitis of the lower tibia. Echocardiography showed a mass in the right ventricular wall. She underwent concomitant heart surgery for removal of the right ventricular mass and limb arthrotomy. We believe this is a first reported case in which a ventricular wall abscess developed in a structurally normal heart following leg osteomyelitis. © The Author(s) 2015.

  10. Chronic multifocal non-bacterial osteomyelitis in hypophosphatasia mimicking malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warmuth-Metz Monika

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hypophosphatasia (HP is characterized by a genetic defect in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP gene and predominantly an autosomal recessive trait. HP patients suffer from reduced bone mineralization. Biochemically, elevated concentrations of substrates of TNSALP, including pyridoxal-5'-phosphate and inorganic pyrophosphate occur in serum, tissues and urine. The latter has been associated with chronic inflammation and hyperprostaglandinism. Case presentation We report on 2 affected children presenting with multifocal inflammatory bone lesions mimicking malignancy: A 6 years old girl with short stature had been treated with human growth hormone since 6 months. Then she started to complain about a painful swelling of her left cheek. MRI suggested a malignant bone lesion. Bone biopsy, however, revealed chronic inflammation. A bone scan showed a second rib lesion. Since biopsy was sterile, the descriptive diagnosis of chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO was established. The diagnostic tests related to growth failure were repeated and subsequent analyses demonstrated a molecular defect in the TNSALP gene. The second girl (10 years old complained about back pain after she had fallen from her bike. X rays of her spine revealed compressions of 2 thoracic vertebrae. At first these were considered trauma related, however a bone scan did show an additional lesion in the right 4th rib. A biopsy of this rib revealed a sterile lympho- plasmocytoid osteomyelitis suggesting multifocal CNO. Further analyses did show a decreased TNSALP in leukocytes and elevated pyridoxal phosphate in plasma, suggesting a heterozygous carrier status of HP. Conclusion Chronic bone oedema in adult HP and chronic hyper-prostaglandinism in childhood HP do suggest that in some HP patients bone inflammation is present in conjunction with the metabolic defect. Sterile multifocal osteomyelitis could be demonstrated. Non-steroidal anti

  11. Uncommon mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Farias Marconi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed in feline nocardiosis. However, osteomyelitis is a rare clinical manifestation in cats. Nocardia cyriacigeorgica (formerly N. asteroides sensu stricto, Nocardia brasiliensis, Nocardia otitidiscaviarum, and Nocardia nova are the most common pathogenic species identified in cats, based on recent molecular classification (16S rRNA gene. The present report is, to our knowledge, the first case of mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of methods, including molecular techniques. Case presentation A one-year-old non-neutered female cat, raised in a rural area, was admitted to the Companion Animal Hospital-PUCPR, São José dos Pinhais, State of Paraná, Brazil, with a history a progressive facial lesion, difficulty apprehending food, loss of appetite, apathy and emaciation. Clinical examination showed fever, submandibular lymphadenitis, and a painless, 8 cm diameter mass, which was irregularly-shaped, of firm consistency, and located in the region of the left mandible. The skin around the lesion was friable, with diffuse inflammation (cellulitis, multiple draining sinuses, and exudation of serosanguinous material containing whitish “sulfur” granules. Diagnosis was based initially in clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological, and histopathological findings, and radiographic images. Molecular sequencing of 16S rRNA of isolate allowed diagnosis of Nocardia africana. Despite supportive care and antimicrobial therapy based on in vitro susceptibility testing the animal died. Conclusion The present report describes a rare clinical case of feline osteomyelitis caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of clinical signs, microbiological

  12. Uncommon mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed in feline nocardiosis. However, osteomyelitis is a rare clinical manifestation in cats. Nocardia cyriacigeorgica (formerly N. asteroides sensu stricto), Nocardia brasiliensis, Nocardia otitidiscaviarum, and Nocardia nova are the most common pathogenic species identified in cats, based on recent molecular classification (16S rRNA gene). The present report is, to our knowledge, the first case of mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of methods, including molecular techniques. Case presentation A one-year-old non-neutered female cat, raised in a rural area, was admitted to the Companion Animal Hospital-PUCPR, São José dos Pinhais, State of Paraná, Brazil, with a history a progressive facial lesion, difficulty apprehending food, loss of appetite, apathy and emaciation. Clinical examination showed fever, submandibular lymphadenitis, and a painless, 8 cm diameter mass, which was irregularly-shaped, of firm consistency, and located in the region of the left mandible. The skin around the lesion was friable, with diffuse inflammation (cellulitis), multiple draining sinuses, and exudation of serosanguinous material containing whitish “sulfur” granules. Diagnosis was based initially in clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological, and histopathological findings, and radiographic images. Molecular sequencing of 16S rRNA of isolate allowed diagnosis of Nocardia africana. Despite supportive care and antimicrobial therapy based on in vitro susceptibility testing the animal died. Conclusion The present report describes a rare clinical case of feline osteomyelitis caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological and

  13. Charcot Arthropathy Versus Osteomyelitis: Evaluation and Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Womack, John

    2017-04-01

    Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle is a severe complication of peripheral neuropathy and is most commonly seen in the developed world in association with diabetes mellitus. Correct diagnosis and differentiation from osteomyelitis of the foot and ankle are critical to guide treatment. It can exist concomitantly with osteomyelitis, typically in the setting of an advanced midfoot ulcer. Simple plain radiographs and contrasted MRI studies often yield inconclusive or confusing data. Correct use of imaging studies and a clinical algorithm can be effective tools to help make accurate and early diagnoses and guide clinical interventions for these conditions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Nonspecific purulent osteomyelitis of the spine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosul'nikov S.O.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Recently, in Ukraine a trend to increased incidence of suppurative osteomyelitis of the spine is defined. The main factors contributing to incidence increase is the growth of proportion of population with immunodeficiency and implementation of computer and magnetic resonance tomography in clinical practice. Treatment of suppurative osteomyelitis of the spine should include antibiotic therapy, adequate sanitation of the infectious focus, strict bed rest with exercise therapy. Tactics of surgical treatment combined with antibiotic deescalation therapy with glycopeptide antibiotic – teicoplanin and rehabilitation program which helped to achieve recovery in 23 (37.8% of patients treated conservatively and in 55 (91% of the operated patients was proposed.

  15. Acute Hematogenous Osteomyelitis in Children: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funk, Shawn S; Copley, Lawson A B

    2017-04-01

    Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO) in children is an ideal condition to study due to its representation of a wide spectrum of disorders that comprise pediatric musculoskeletal infection. Proper care for children with AHO is multidisciplinary and collaborative. AHO continues to present a significant clinical challenge due to evolving epidemiology and complex pathogenesis. A guideline-driven, multidisciplinary approach has been introduced and shown to effectively reduce hospital stay, improve the timing and selection of empirical antibiotic administration, reduce delay to initial MRI, reduce the rate of readmission, and shorten antibiotic duration. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Uncommon mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Farias, Marconi Rodrigues; Werner, Juliana; Ribeiro, Márcio Garcia; Rodigheri, Sabrina Marin; Cavalcante, Carolina Zaghi; Chi, Kung Darh; Condas, Larissa Anuska Zeni; Gonoi, Tohru; Matsuzama, Tetsuhiro; Yazama, Katsukiyo

    2012-12-06

    Nocardiosis is an unusual infection in companion animals characterized by suppurative to pyogranulomatous lesions, localized or disseminated. Cutaneous-subcutaneous, pulmonary and systemic signs are observed in feline nocardiosis. However, osteomyelitis is a rare clinical manifestation in cats. Nocardia cyriacigeorgica (formerly N. asteroides sensu stricto), Nocardia brasiliensis, Nocardia otitidiscaviarum, and Nocardia nova are the most common pathogenic species identified in cats, based on recent molecular classification (16S rRNA gene). The present report is, to our knowledge, the first case of mandibular osteomyelitis in a cat caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of methods, including molecular techniques. A one-year-old non-neutered female cat, raised in a rural area, was admitted to the Companion Animal Hospital-PUCPR, São José dos Pinhais, State of Paraná, Brazil, with a history a progressive facial lesion, difficulty apprehending food, loss of appetite, apathy and emaciation. Clinical examination showed fever, submandibular lymphadenitis, and a painless, 8 cm diameter mass, which was irregularly-shaped, of firm consistency, and located in the region of the left mandible. The skin around the lesion was friable, with diffuse inflammation (cellulitis), multiple draining sinuses, and exudation of serosanguinous material containing whitish "sulfur" granules.Diagnosis was based initially in clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological, and histopathological findings, and radiographic images. Molecular sequencing of 16S rRNA of isolate allowed diagnosis of Nocardia africana. Despite supportive care and antimicrobial therapy based on in vitro susceptibility testing the animal died. The present report describes a rare clinical case of feline osteomyelitis caused by Nocardia africana, diagnosed based upon a combination of clinical signs, microbiological culture, cytological and histopathological findings, radiographic images, and

  17. Relationship between the mandibular cortical index and calcaneal bone mineral density in postmenopausal women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eglė Jagelavičienė

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: The relation between MCI and calcaneal BMD was determined. The diagnostic discrimination of the MCI was found to be not sufficient in screening the women with postmenopausal osteoporosis and its application in clinical practice might be limited.

  18. FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF INTERNAL FIXATION FOR DISPLACED INTRA-ARTICULAR CALCANEAL FRACTURE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Saket Jati; Dev Padia

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND There are always difference of opinion in the importance of Bohler’s angle in evaluating the severity of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures and predicting the functional outcome following surgical fixation...

  19. The role of computed tomography in the diagnosis and treatment of calcaneal fractures

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bica, F

    2014-01-01

    .... In a retrospective audit of patients hospitalized in our clinic, I tried to identify the opportunity of the CT scan as a preoperative investigation protocol in calcaneal fractures, the results...

  20. Delayed Reconstruction by Total Calcaneal Allograft following Calcanectomy: Is It an Option?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Degeorge

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Many options are available in literature for the management of delayed reconstruction following calcanectomy. In cases of low-grade tumor lesions, conservative surgery can be considered. We describe a case of delayed reconstruction by calcaneal allograft after calcanectomy for low-grade chondrosarcoma. At 12-month follow-up, the patient had no pain; MSTS score and AOFAS score were satisfactory. Subtalar nonunion was observed with no secondary displacement or graft necrosis. The aim of conservative treatment for this patient was to restore normal gait with plantigrade locomotion and function of the Achilles tendon. Calcaneal reconstruction by total allograft is an alternative approach following calcanectomy for calcaneal tumors. We also discussed other options of calcaneal reconstruction.

  1. Clinical and tomography evolution of frontal osteomyelitis: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Crisóstomo Lima Verde1, , , , ,

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The frontal osteomyelitis is a complication of rhinosinusitis which can evolve to acute or chronicle. There is inflammatory reaction by the increasing of intraosseous pressure, ischemia and local necrosis, leading to bone abscess formation. There is no drainage, it will occur detachment of the periosteum, soft tissue invasion and worsening of ischemia with subsequent bone sequestration. Method: Case report of an inpatient in an emergency service of another institution by the complication of rhinosinusitis who was referred to the Otorhinolaryngology Service of University Hospital Professor Edgard Santos of Federal University of Bahia. Case Report: Male patient, 16 years-old, presented himself to the ER of another institution with cephalea, vomits and fever which evolved to periorbital edema and frontal to the left, moving to palpebral fluctuation and frontal. Subjected to frontal and palpebral abscess drainage, with broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy with no improvement. He was referred to our service keeping edema and fluctuation in region frontal and light edema in left periorbital region. The nasal endoscopy showed edema in meatus to the left and the computerized tomography showed fronto-ethmoid sinusitis to the left and signs of frontal osteomyelitis with bone sequestration and epidural empyema. Subjected to sinasal endoscopy surgery, external Access or removal of the frontal one affected and epidural empyema drainage. Evolved to the remission of the disease. Final Considerations: Failure in the diagnosis and rhinosinusitis complication treatment can lead to sequalae and fatal complications. The diagnosis of the frontal osteomyelitis is confirmed by the clinical suspicion and confirmed by radiological examination. The surgery is indicated when the evolution is insidious, there is bone sequestration and intracranial complications.

  2. Whole body MRI in the diagnosis of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kennedy, M T

    2012-06-01

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a diagnosis of exclusion primarily in children and adolescents. As part of the essential criteria for the diagnosis of CRMO, multifocal lesions must be identified. We present the case of an 11-year-old boy with CRMO, whose diagnosis was facilitated by the use of whole body magnetic resonance imaging (WBMR), but not isotope bone scanning.

  3. Cervical osteomyelitis after carbon dioxide laser excision of recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmermans, A. Jacqueline; Brandsma, Dieta; Smeele, Ludi E.; Rosingh, Andert W.; van den Brekel, Michiel W. M.; Lohuis, Peter J. F. M.

    2013-01-01

    Two patients with recurrent carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall, previously treated with carbon dioxide (CO2) laser excision and (chemo)radiotherapy, presented with neck pain due to cervical osteomyelitis. In one patient this led to cervical spine instability, for which a haloframe was

  4. Bacterial osteomyelitis in major sickling haemoglobinopathies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Controversy exists about the bacterial pathogen that is most often associated with osteomyelitis in major sickling haemoglobinopathies, that is, HbSS, HbSC, and HbSthalassemia. Objective: To determine the existence of regional or continental differences in the prevalence of bacterial pathogens associated ...

  5. Radiographic and radionuclide findings in Rhizopus osteomyelitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, P.H. Jr.; McKinney, R.G.; Mettler, F.A. Jr.

    1978-06-01

    A case of Rhizopus osteromyelitis is described. The radionuclide and radiographic findings differ from those of osteomyelitis secondary to common pathogens: low-level radionuclide activity is observed, while soft-tissue swelling, periosteal reaction, and loss of fascial margins are absent.

  6. Salmonella osteomyelitis by sickle cell anemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rausch, H.; Tran, V.T.; Boeckmann, U.

    1985-10-01

    Case report of a 28 year old black sickle cell anemia patient with salmonella osteomyelitis of the radius. Aside from sickle cell anemia patients this skeletal complication of enteric salmonellosis is an extreme rarity. Description of the typical roentgenological features includes intracortical fissures and sequestration.

  7. Chronic Osteomyelitis in Patients Who Have Haemoglobinopathy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We have prospectively evaluated our treatment modalities so as to highlight the outcomes. In a 4-year period we had 60 consecutive patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Forty of them had normal haemoglobin (HbAA) and the remaining 20 who had haemoglobinopathy were studied. Fifteen of them had sickle cell trait (HbAS) ...

  8. Osteomyelitis of the pubic ramus misdiagnosed

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Histopathology of the material from the lesion confirmed acute-on-chronic osteomyelitis. The patient improved post- operatively. He became afebrile, his pain disappeared and his gait returned to normal. He was discharged on the 16'“ day of admission to continue his oral antibiotics at home. His ESR had fallen to 32 mm/L ...

  9. A NEW CLASSIFICATION OF OSTEOMYELITIS FOR DEVELOPING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kateee

    2003-07-01

    Jul 1, 2003 ... et al, Cierny-Mader, May et al classifications of OSM from developed countries and Meier ... is a product of experience with OSM that was not adequately accommodated by Meier et al's(2) classification. Osteomyelitis can be classified using at least ..... Nigerian children of whom 57 had sickle cell anaemia.

  10. Thoracic osteomyelitis and epidural abscess formation due to cat scratch disease: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dornbos, David; Morin, Jocelyn; Watson, Joshua R; Pindrik, Jonathan

    2016-12-01

    Osteomyelitis of the spine with associated spinal epidural abscess represents an uncommon entity in the pediatric population, requiring prompt evaluation and diagnosis to prevent neurological compromise. Cat scratch disease, caused by the pathogen Bartonella henselae, encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical presentations; however, an association with osteomyelitis and epidural abscess has been reported in only 4 other instances in the literature. The authors report a rare case of multifocal thoracic osteomyelitis with an epidural abscess in a patient with a biopsy-proven pathogen of cat scratch disease. A 5-year-old girl, who initially presented with vague constitutional symptoms, was diagnosed with cat scratch disease following biopsy of an inguinal lymph node. Despite appropriate antibiotics, she presented several weeks later with recurrent symptoms and back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed 2 foci of osteomyelitis at T-8 and T-11 with an associated anterior epidural abscess from T-9 to T-12. Percutaneous image-guided vertebral biopsy revealed B. henselae by polymerase chain reaction analysis, and she was treated conservatively with doxycycline and rifampin with favorable clinical outcome.

  11. Osteomyelitis of the patella: ensure a high index of suspicion and beware the negative aspirate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Andrew James; Killen, Maire-Clare; Chauhan, Amit; Bhatia, Chandra

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a 33-year-old man who presented several times to healthcare professionals over a 6-week period with a painful swollen right knee. He had a history of chronic osteomyelitis of the left femur and had recently stopped taking suppressive antibiotics. A joint aspirate did not demonstrate any organisms. On subsequent review by the orthopaedic team MRI was performed which revealed an isolated area of osteomyelitis and an abscess in his right patella. He underwent arthrotomy, debridement and irrigation of the joint alongside antibiotic treatment. We highlight this case, as isolated osteomyelitis of the patella is a rare condition, especially in adults. In addition, the presenting features of osteomyelitis of the patella are varied and joint fluid aspirates often do not reveal an organism. This case therefore aims to raise an awareness of this condition and thereby ensure a high index of suspicion when symptoms or signs are present and inform clinicians of the investigative steps in order to avoid a delay in diagnosis as seen in this case. PMID:25320263

  12. Effect of low level laser therapy (830 nm) with different therapy regimes on the process of tissue repair in partial lesion calcaneous tendon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Flávia Schlittler; Pinfildi, Carlos Eduardo; Parizoto, Nivaldo Antônio; Liebano, Richard Eloin; Bossini, Paulo Sergio; Garcia, Elvio Bueno; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

    2009-04-01

    Calcaneous tendon is one of the most damaged tendons, and its healing may last from weeks to months to be completed. In the search after speeding tendon repair, low intensity laser therapy has shown favorable effect. To assess the effect of low intensity laser therapy on the process of tissue repair in calcaneous tendon after undergoing a partial lesion. Experimentally controlled randomized single blind study. Sixty male rats were used randomly and were assigned to five groups containing 12 animals each one; 42 out of 60 underwent lesion caused by dropping a 186 g weight over their Achilles tendon from a 20 cm height. In Group 1 (standard control), animals did not suffer the lesion nor underwent laser therapy; in Group 2 (control), animals suffered the lesion but did not undergo laser therapy; in Groups 3, 4, and 5, animals suffered lesion and underwent laser therapy for 3, 5, and 7 days, respectively. Animals which suffered lesion were sacrificed on the 8th day after the lesion and assessed by polarization microscopy to analyze the degree of collagen fibers organization. Both experimental and standard control Groups presented significant values when compared with the control Groups, and there was no significant difference when Groups 1 and 4 were compared; the same occurred between Groups 3 and 5. Low intensity laser therapy was effective in the improvement of collagen fibers organization of the calcaneous tendon after undergoing a partial lesion.

  13. Osteomyelitis of a long bone due to Fusobacterium nucleatum and Actinomyces meyeri in an immunocompetent adult: A case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Min

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fusobacterium species are uncommon causes of osteomyelitis. These organisms are normal flora of the oral cavity. Therefore, they mostly cause osteomyelitis of the head and neck. Hematogenous osteomyelitis at distant sites other than the head and neck has rarely been reported in pediatric or immunocompromised patients. Here, we report the first case of osteomyelitis of a long bone combined with a muscle abscess due to Fusobacterium nucleatum in an otherwise healthy adult. Case presentation A 59-year-old Korean man was admitted for pain and swelling of the right lower leg, which had been persistent for two weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging showed osteomyelitis of the right fibula with a surrounding muscle abscess of the right lower leg. Incision and drainage was performed, and repetitive tissue cultures grew F. nucleatum. In this patient, it was presumed that recurrent periodontitis caused hematogenous seeding of F. nucleatum to a distant site leading to osteomyelitis with a muscle abscess. The patient was successfully treated with intravenous ampicillin-sulbactam for three weeks and oral amoxicillin-clavulanate for eight weeks. He also underwent repeated surgical drainage. He has no evidence of recurrence after seven months of follow-up. Conclusions Clinicians should be aware that F. nucleatum could be the etiologic agent of hematogenous osteomyelitis of a long bone in an immunocompetent patient.

  14. Predictors of Outcomes in Diabetic Foot Osteomyelitis Treated Initially With Conservative (Nonsurgical) Medical Management: A Retrospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeun, Paul; Gooday, Catherine; Nunney, Ian; Dhatariya, Ketan

    2016-03-01

    The optimal way to manage diabetic foot osteomyelitis remains uncertain, with debate in the literature as to whether it should be managed conservatively (ie, nonsurgically) or surgically. We aimed to identify clinical variables that influence outcomes of nonsurgical management in diabetic foot osteomyelitis. We conducted a retrospective study of consecutive patients with diabetes presenting to a tertiary center between 2007 and 2011 with foot osteomyelitis initially treated with nonsurgical management. Remission was defined as wound healing with no clinical or radiological signs of osteomyelitis at the initial or contiguous sites 12 months after clinical and/or radiological resolution. Nine demographic and clinical variables including osteomyelitis site and presence of foot pulses were analyzed. We identified 100 cases, of which 85 fulfilled the criteria for analysis. After a 12-month follow-up period, 54 (63.5%) had achieved remission with nonsurgical management alone with a median (interquartile range) duration of antibiotic treatment of 10.8 (10.1) weeks. Of these, 14 (26%) were admitted for intravenous antibiotics. The absence of pedal pulses in the affected foot (n = 34) was associated with a significantly longer duration of antibiotic therapy to achieve remission, 8.7 (7.1) versus 15.9 (13.3) weeks (P = .003). Osteomyelitis affecting the metatarsal was more likely to be amputated than other sites of the foot (P = .016). In line with previous data, we have shown that almost two thirds of patients presenting with osteomyelitis healed without undergoing surgical bone resection. © The Author(s) 2015.

  15. A novel observation of pubic osteomyelitis due to Streptococcus viridans after dental extraction: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naqvi Naseem

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Pubic osteomyelitis should be suspected in athletic individuals with sudden groin pain, painful restriction of hip movements and fever. It is an infrequent and confusing disorder, which is often heralded by atypical gait disturbance and diffuse pain in the pelvic girdle. The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus but, on occasions, efforts to identify infectious agents sometimes prove negative. Pubic osteomyelitis due to Streptococcus viridans has not been reported previously in the literature. Case presentation We describe the case of a fit 24-year-old athlete, who had a wisdom tooth extracted 2 weeks prior to the presentation, which could have served as a port of entry and predisposed the patient to transient bacteraemia. Conclusion S. viridans is well known for causing infective endocarditis of native damaged heart valves, but to the best of the authors' knowledge it has not been reported previously as a cause of pubic osteomyelitis. We believe that this case should alert physicians to the association between dental procedures and osteomyelitis of the pubis secondary to S. viridans.

  16. A New Diagnostic Clue to Osteomyelitis in Chronic Leg Ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schattner, Ami; Dubin, Ina; Gelber, Moshe

    2016-05-01

    Chronic leg ulcers are not infrequently complicated by chronic osteomyelitis, which mandates special treatment but may not be evident on radiography. Inflammatory cytokines may cause reactive thrombocytosis in chronic osteomyelitis. Platelet counts were compared in a group of 24 inpatients with chronic leg ulcers and proven chronic osteomyelitis and 24 inpatients with chronic leg ulcers in whom osteomyelitis was not found. Mean and median platelet counts were significantly higher in the leg ulcer and osteomyelitis group vs the leg ulcer group (P 350 × 10(9)/L, sensitivity was 62.5%, but specificity was 91.7%, with a positive predictive value of 88%. Thrombocytosis in chronic leg ulcers is a new, simple, readily available and inexpensive clue to osteomyelitis in chronic leg ulcers when identified, but its absence cannot rule it out. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Screening for Osteomyelitis Using Thermography in Patients with Diabetic Foot

    OpenAIRE

    Makoto Oe; Rie Roselyne Yotsu; Hiromi Sanada; Takashi Nagase; Takeshi Tamaki

    2013-01-01

    One of the most serious complications of diabetic foot (DF) is osteomyelitis, and early detection is important. To assess the validity of thermography to screen for osteomyelitis, we investigated thermographic findings in patients with both DF and osteomyelitis. The subjects were 18 diabetic patients with 20 occurrences of DF who visited a dermatology department at a hospital in Tokyo and underwent evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and thermography between June 2010 and July 2012...

  18. Balantidium coli: an unrecognized cause of vertebral osteomyelitis and myelopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhawan, Shashi; Jain, Deepali; Mehta, Veer Singh

    2013-03-01

    Balantidium coli is a ciliated protozoan parasite that primarily infects primates and pigs. It is the largest protozoan to infect humans and is a well-known cause of diarrhea and dysentery. Extraintestinal disease is uncommon, and extraintestinal spread to the peritoneal cavity, appendix, genitourinary tract, and lung has rarely been reported. The authors describe a case of vertebral osteomyelitis with secondary cervical cord compression caused by B. coli. The patient was a 60-year-old immunocompetent man presenting with quadriplegia of short duration. Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine showed extradural and prevertebral abscess at the C3-4 level. Drainage of the abscess, C3-4 discectomy, and iliac bone grafting were performed. Histologically B. coli was confirmed in an abscess sample. To the best of the authors' knowledge, involvement of bone by B. coli has never been reported, and this case is the first documented instance of cervical cord compression due to B. coli osteomyelitis of the spine in the literature.

  19. Diagnostic and therapeutic update on diabetic foot osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lázaro-Martínez, José Luis; Tardáguila-García, Aroa; García-Klepzig, José Luis

    2017-02-01

    Diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is the most common infection associated to diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). This review is designed to provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of DFO based on an analysis of MEDLINE through PubMed using as search criterion "Diabetic Foot Osteomyelitis". Authors have included in this review the most relevant manuscripts regarding diagnosis and treatment of DFO. After review and critical analysis of publications, it may be concluded that diagnosis of DFO is not simple because of its heterogeneous presentation. Clinical inflammatory signs, probe-to-bone test, and plain X-rays are postulated as the basic tests for clinical diagnosis when DFO is suspected. Diagnosis should be supported by laboratory tests, of which ESR (>70mm/h) has been shown to be most precise. MRI is the most accurate imaging test, especially for differential diagnosis with Charcot foot. Pathogen isolation by bone culture is essential when the patient is treated with ATB only. Medical or surgical treatment should be based on the clinical characteristics of the patient and the lesion. Surgery should always be an option if medical treatment fails. Copyright © 2017 SEEN. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Acute postoperative osteomyelitis in femur fracture: contribution of bone scintilography (case report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borges, Natalie Ferreira; Rezende, Cleuza Maria de Faria; Sanchez-Ucros, Natalia; Laguardia, Priscilla [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Escola de Veterinaria; Diniz, Simone Odilia Fernandes; Cardoso, Valbert Nascimento [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Farmacia; Rodrigues, Carlos Jorge Simal [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Santos, Raquel Gouvea dos [Centro de Desenvolcimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Lab. de Radiobiologia

    2009-07-01

    The treatment of bone fractures is aimed at consolidating and returns of function as soon as possible and can be performed by different methods. Treatment with the plate in fractures of the femur in bridge aims not to address the location of fracture and stabilize it, maintaining the anatomical axis by the fixation of proximal and distal segments. Postoperative follow-up of the fracture is necessary to evaluate the irrigation of the bone structure and the effect of the method. The scintigraphy is a method capable of assessing the degree of bone remodeling and the presence or absence of local bone homeostasis. The objective of this report is to present the case of a rabbit, male, which was subjected to osteotomy and fixation of the femoral diaphysis by means of the plate in the bridge. After 10 days the animal was subjected to scintigraphic and radiographic evaluations. The animal came to death and an autopsy was performed on the same when it was observed macroscopy consistent with acute osteomyelitis due to contamination postoperative time. Radiographic evaluation in acute osteomyelitis is unclear. The methods assist in the scintigraphic diagnosis of osteomyelitis by allowing the detection of functional changes in this infectious process. The bone scintigraphy with diphosphonates labeled with technetium-99m shows increased bone turnover in the infected area and its high sensitivity, even in an early stage makes it the method of choice in the diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis in patients without prior bone disease and bone radiologically normal. (author)

  1. Florid Cement Osseous Dysplasia and Chronic Diffuse Osteomyelitis in Maxilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Saheb-Jamee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic diffuse osteomyelitis is an intermodular bone infection which may be resulted from a localized osteitis, previous acute osteomyelitis or prior infective processes. Florid cement-osseous dysplasia brings about a change in perfusion and in case of infection will pave the way for osteomyelitis. Complaining of chronic pain and pus drainage, a patient referred to the center of oral diseases for removing the right maxillary first molar and was diagnosed with chronic diffuse osteomyelitis in florid cement-osseous dysplasia. Bone expansion of all four quadrants of the jaws, pain, pus drainage, sinus involvement made this patient unusual (abnormal.

  2. Mycotic aneurysm of the femoral artery resulting from mismanagement of a pathological femur fracture due to chronic osteomyelitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mwaka Erisa Sabakaki

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mycotic aneurysms are rarely listed among the possible complications of osteomyelitis of the long bones. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case of chronic osteomyelitis associated with a pathological fracture of the femur and a mycotic aneurysm of the femoral artery. Case presentation We present the case of a 13-year-old Ugandan boy who was referred to our hospital with chronic osteomyelitis associated with a pathological fracture of the right femur and a mycotic aneurysm of the femoral artery. He underwent a successful above-knee amputation and is currently undergoing rehabilitation. Conclusions Aneurysms associated with chronic osteomyelitis of the long bones are very rare. However, in Africa, where people often still believe in crude traditional remedies, they should be considered among the possible diagnoses especially where acute injuries of the limbs are massaged and manipulated.

  3. Candida Osteomyelitis: Analysis of 207 Pediatric and Adult Cases (1970–2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamaletsou, Maria N.; Kontoyiannis, Dimitrios P.; Sipsas, Nikolaos V.; Moriyama, Brad; Alexander, Elizabeth; Roilides, Emmanuel; Brause, Barry; Walsh, Thomas J.

    2012-01-01

    Background. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, management, and outcome of Candida osteomyelitis are not well understood. Methods. Cases of Candida osteomyelitis from 1970 through 2011 were reviewed. Underlying conditions, microbiology, mechanisms of infection, clinical manifestations, antifungal therapy, and outcome were studied in 207 evaluable cases. Results. Median age was 30 years (range, ≤ 1 month to 88 years) with a >2:1 male:female ratio. Most patients (90%) were not neutropenic. Localizing pain, tenderness, and/or edema were present in 90% of patients. Mechanisms of bone infection followed a pattern of hematogenous dissemination (67%), direct inoculation (25%), and contiguous infection (9%). Coinciding with hematogenous infection, most patients had ≥2 infected bones. When analyzed by age, the most common distribution of infected sites for adults was vertebra (odds ratio [OR], 0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], .04–.25), rib, and sternum; for pediatric patients (≤18 years) the pattern was femur (OR, 20.6; 95% CI, 8.4–48.1), humerus, then vertebra/ribs. Non-albicans Candida species caused 35% of cases. Bacteria were recovered concomitantly from 12% of cases, underscoring the need for biopsy and/or culture. Candida septic arthritis occurred concomitantly in 21%. Combined surgery and antifungal therapy were used in 48% of cases. The overall complete response rate of Candida osteomyelitis of 32% reflects the difficulty in treating this infection. Relapsed infection, possibly related to inadequate duration of therapy, occurred among 32% who ultimately achieved complete response. Conclusions. Candida osteomyelitis is being reported with increasing frequency. Localizing symptoms are usually present. Vertebrae are the most common sites in adults vs femora in children. Timely diagnosis of Candida osteomyelitis with extended courses of 6–12 months of antifungal therapy, and surgical intervention, when indicated, may improve

  4. Maxillary Necrosis: A Sequelae of Fungal Osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Anbarasi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is designated to a variety of bone diseases having inflammation as a common denominator. Persistent infection progresses to inflammation of marrow space, haversian system and periostium of affected region. Thrombosis of endothelial vessels cause necrosis and sequestrum formation. Both pyogenic and nonpyogenic infections of jaw lead to this condition. Immunosuppressed patients are more prone to mycelial infections, whereas their occurrence in immunocompetent individuals are highly unusual.

  5. Vertebral osteomyelitis in adults: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickerson, Emma K; Sinha, Rohitashwa

    2016-03-01

    The incidence of vertebral osteomyelitis is increasing, attributed to an ageing population with inherent co-morbidities and improved case ascertainment. References were retrieved from the PubMed database using the terms 'vertebral osteomyelitis' and 'spondylodiscitis' between January 1, 2009 and April 30, 2014 published in English as checked in May 2014 (>1000 abstracts checked). Blood cultures and whole spine imaging with magnetic resonance imaging are essential investigations. Thorough debridement is the mainstay of surgical management, although placing metalwork in active infection is becoming increasingly common. The extent of pursuing spinal biopsies to determine aetiology, antimicrobial choices and duration, monitoring the response to treatment, and surgical techniques and timing all vary widely in clinical practice with heterogeneous studies limiting comparisons. Surgery, rather than conservative approaches, is being proposed as the default management choice, because it can, in carefully selected patients, offer faster reduction in pain scores and improved quality of life. Further studies are needed to define the most effective technique for spinal biopsies to maximize determining aetiology. High-quality trials are required to provide an evidence base for both the medical and surgical management of vertebral osteomyelitis, including challenging medical management as the default option. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. Intra-articular calcaneal fracture in a 14-year-old competing skier: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudor, Anton; Sestan, Branko; Nemec, Boris; Prpic, Tomislav; Rubinic, Dusan

    2003-12-01

    Intra-articular calcaneal fracture as a skiing injury in children is extremely rare. We report on what we believe is a unique and previously unreported mechanism of a skiing injury, which caused intra-articular calcaneal fracture in a young competing skier, a member of the Croatian national ski team. This 14-year-old boy sustained a heel injury while training for giant slalom. There was no fall on the heel or obvious axial force that could have caused this type of calcaneal fracture. The skier had sophisticated equipment and used carving skies. We speculated that, when the skier tried to establish the lost balance during the fall, a violent contraction of triceps muscle occurred. Instead of an injury of a well-protected tuber or Achilles tendon, the strong pulling force of the Achilles tendon was transmitted more distally and anteriorly, generating axial compression force, which caused an intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus bone. Obviously, the existing ski boot did not sufficiently protect the calcaneus bone. We postulate that the calcaneal tuber and Achilles tendon were protected on the expense of the intra-articular calcaneal fracture. Our case warns of the possibility of a serious foot injury in young top skiers in spite of extensive improvement in the ski equipment. Sophisticated carving skis could be a contributing factor to an injury.

  7. Plantar fasciitis and calcaneal spur formation are associated with abductor digiti minimi atrophy on MRI of the foot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chundru, Usha; Liebeskind, Amy; Seidelmann, Frank; Fogel, Joshua; Franklin, Peter; Beltran, Javier

    2008-06-01

    To determine the association of atrophy of the abductor digiti minimi muscle (ADMA), an MRI manifestation of chronic compression of the inferior calcaneal nerve suggesting the clinical diagnosis of Baxter's neuropathy, with MRI markers of potential etiologies, including calcaneal spur formation, plantar fasciitis, calcaneal edema, Achilles tendinosis and posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). Prevalence of calcaneal spur formation, plantar fasciitis, calcaneal edema, Achilles tendinosis and PTTD was assessed retrospectively on 100 MRI studies with ADMA and 100 MRI studies without ADMA. Patients ranged in age from 10-92 years. Pearson chi-square analyses and Fisher's exact test were used to compare prevalence of the above findings in patients with and without ADMA. Logistic regression was used to determine which variables were significantly associated with ADMA. Among patients with ADMA, there was significantly greater age (57.2 years vs 40.8 years, pcalcaneal edema (15.0% vs 3.0%, P=0.005), calcaneal spur (48.0% vs 7.0%, Pcalcaneal spur (OR 3.60, 95% CI 1.28, 10.17), and plantar fasciitis (OR 3.35, 95% CI 1.31, 8.56) remained significant. Advancing age, calcaneal spur, and plantar fasciitis are significantly associated with ADMA. Their high odds ratios support the notion of a possible etiologic role for calcaneal spur and plantar fasciitis in the progression to Baxter's neuropathy.

  8. Differences in the Clinical Outcome of Osteomyelitis by Treating Specialty: Orthopedics or Infectology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias Arias, Carolina; Tamayo Betancur, Maria Carolina; Pinzón, Miguel Alejandro; Cardona Arango, Doris; Capataz Taffur, Cesar Antonio; Correa Prada, Edgar

    2015-01-01

    Osteomyelitis is a heterogeneous infection with regard to etiology and treatment, and currently no single management protocol exists. Management of the condition is typically an interdisciplinary approach between orthopedics and infectious disease; however, the orthopedist is often the person who manages treatment. The aim of the study was to determine differences in the outcome of osteomyelitis according to its treating specialty and to identify factors associated with the recurrence of the disease. An ambispective cohort study of 129 patients with osteomyelitis was conducted and the proportions for qualitative variables and central tendency and dispersion measures for quantitative variables were calculated; the latter were tested for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk test. A bivariate analysis was conducted with measures of association based on the chi square test and crude relative risk. A logistic regression model was applied and statistical significance was set at p orthopedics or infectious disease. Patients who were treated by an orthopedist alone presented a greater risk of relapse or reinfection (RR = 4.6; 95% CI 2.3;8.9). Risk factors of osteomyelitis recurrence as determined in the regression model included the following: age of 57 years or older (RR = 1.3; 95% 0.3;5.2), long bones (RR = 1.9; 95% CI 0.5;7.1), fracture (RR = 5.0; 95% CI 0.4;51.4), monotherapy (RR = 3.0; 95% CI 0.6;14.5), receiving less than 4 weeks of antibiotics (RR = 1.5; 95% CI 0.2;10.1), inadequate treatment (RR = 3.1; 95% CI 0.4;20.1), and receiving orthopedics treatment (RR = 5.5; 95% CI 1.6;18.2). Most patients evaluated jointly by orthopedics and infectious disease received adequate treatment for osteomyelitis and had fewer relapses.

  9. Negative pressure wound treatment with polyvinyl alcohol foam and polyhexanide antiseptic solution instillation in posttraumatic osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmers, Michael S; Graafland, Niels; Bernards, Alexandra T; Nelissen, Rob G H H; van Dissel, Jaap T; Jukema, Gerrolt N

    2009-01-01

    In a retrospective, case-control cohort study an assessment was made of the clinical outcome of patients with osteomyelitis treated with a new modality of negative pressure wound therapy, so called negative pressure instillation therapy. In this approach, after surgical debridement, a site of osteomyelitis is treated with negative pressure of at least 300 mmHg applied through polyvinyl alcohol dressing. The polyvinyl alcohol foam is irrigated through the tubes three times a day with a polyhexanide antiseptic solution. In 30 patients (14 males; mean age 52 [range, 26-81]) admitted between 1999 and 2003 with osteomyelitis of the pelvis or lower extremity, we assessed time to wound closure, number of surgical procedures and rate of recurrence of infection as well as need for rehospitalizations. For comparison, a control group of 94 patients (males, 58; mean age 47 [range, 9-85]), matched for site and severity of osteomyelitis, was identified in hospital records between 1982 and 2002. These patients underwent standard surgical debridement, implantation of gentamicin polymethylmethacrylate beads and long-term intravenous antibiotics. In the Instillation group the rate of recurrence of infection was 3/30 (10%), whereas 55/93 (58.5%) of the controls had a recurrence (p<0.0001). Moreover, in those treated with instillation the total duration of hospital stay was shorter and number of surgical procedures smaller as compared with the controls (all p<0.0001). We conclude that in posttraumatic osteomyelitis negative pressure instillation therapy reduces the need for repeated surgical interventions in comparison with the present standard approach.

  10. The Use of an "Internal Fixator Technique" to Stabilize Pathologic Fractures Developing Secondary to Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Azad; Kapukaya, Ahmet; Atiç, Ramazan; Mertsoy, Yilmaz; Yiğit, Şehmus; Çaçan, Mehmet A; Alemdar, Celil

    There is no consensus on the materials and the techniques to use in fixing pathologic fractures secondary to osteomyelitis. This study reports the results of the fixation of pathologic fractures secondary to osteomyelitis using the "internal fixator technique." The internal fixator technique was performed on 11 children and adolescents with fractures secondary to osteomyelitis between 2003 and 2010. A retrospective chart review was conducted to record the following: age, sex, the anatomic region of infection, the time delay from symptom onset to fracture, the classification of chronic osteomyelitis, the Cierny-Mader classification, the causative organism, surgeries, the length of hospitalization, the location and the pattern of fracture, the duration of infection, the length of follow-up, and complications. The patients included 7 male and 4 female patients with a mean age of 8.7 (range, 6 to 13) years. Pathologic fractures were as follows: 7 femur and 4 tibia. Nine of them were in the metaphysis and 2 others were located in the diaphysis. The time delay from symptom onset to fracture was 3.36 (1 to 9) months. The anatomic region of infection was the diaphysis in 2 cases and the metaphysis in 9 cases. Fractures patterns were short oblique and transverse. The length of hospitalization was a mean of 7 days. The duration of infection ranged from 1 to 12 (mean, 4.38) months. The mean duration of follow-up was 57.09 (range, 36 to 73) months from the initial presentation. Only 2 patients developed shortening, for which no additional intervention was performed. This case series demonstrates that the "internal fixator technique" is an acceptable alternative to the management of pathologic fractures of the femur or the tibia in children and adolescents with unresolved acute and chronic osteomyelitis. Infections were resolved in all cases and fractures were sufficiently stabilized to allow union with a low complication rate. Level IV-therapeutic.

  11. A therapeutic delivery system for chronic osteomyelitis via a multi-drug implant based on three-dimensional printing technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Weigang; Ye, Chenyi; Zheng, Qixin; Wu, Gui; Cheng, Zhaohui

    2016-08-01

    Chronic osteomyelitis is difficult to be cured and often relapses, which presents to be a great challenge to clinicians. We conducted this original study to explore the efficiency of therapeutic alliance for chronic osteomyelitis by a multi-drug implant based on three-dimensional printing technology. We designed and fabricated preciously a multi-drug implant with a multi-layered concentric cylinder construction by three-dimensional (3D) printing technology. Levofloxacin and tobramycin were incorporated into the drug implant in a specific sequence. The drug release property of the drug implant was assayed in vitro We also developed an animal model of chronic osteomyelitis to estimate the effect of the 3D printed multi-drug implant. The results showed that the multi-drug implant had a sustained and programmed drug release property. Levofloxacin and tobramycin which were released from the multi-drug implant worked in tandem to enhance pharmacodynamic action which was similar to a tumor chemotherapy program and were sufficient to treat chronic osteomyelitis. These findings imply that the administration of 3D printed multi-drug implant would be a potential therapeutic method for chronic osteomyelitis. Further studies are required. © The Author(s) 2016.

  12. MANAGEMENT OF OSTEOMYELITIS CAUSED BY SALMONELLA ENTERICA SUBSP. HOUTENAE IN A TAYLOR'S CANTIL (AGKISTRODON BILINEATUS TAYLORI) USING AMIKACIN DELIVERED VIA OSMOTIC PUMP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancy, Meredith M; Newton, Alisa L; Sykes, John M

    2016-06-01

    An adult female Taylor's cantil (Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori) presented with marked spinal and mandibular osteomyelitis that cultured positive for Salmonella enterica subsp. houtenae, serovar IV 43:z4,z32:-. Progression of osteomyelitis was arrested by treatment using amikacin (0.026 mg/kg per hour) delivered via subcutaneous osmotic pump for 10 mo, replacing the pump every 4 wk. No adverse effects on renal function were appreciated throughout the course of therapy. Amikacin therapy was discontinued after improvement with treatment, but 5 mo later, bony lesions worsened, and an additional abscess formed at the previous pump site. The animal's condition declined and euthanasia was elected. Postmortem examination confirmed marked osteomyelitis with Salmonella infection of same serovar as the initial biopsy. This report highlights the pathogenicity of the S. enterica subsp. houtenae serovar and the ability to deliver effective amikacin dosage via osmotic pump to arrest osteomyelitis due to salmonellosis in a venomous snake.

  13. Mycobacterium tuberculosis osteomyelitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS): a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing in the United States. Extra-pulmonary involvement is more common in patients with HIV/AIDS. The diagnosis of Tuberculosis osteomyelitis requires a high degree of suspicion for accurate and timely diagnosis. We present a case of a 49 year old Caucasian male with HIV/AIDS who presented with a four-month history of soft tissue swelling in the left proximal thigh unresponsive to various broad spectrum antibiotics who was eventually diagnosed with Mycobacterium tuberculosis osteomyelitis of the left proximal femur. PMID:20178567

  14. Efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave treatment in calcaneal enthesophytosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosentino, R; Falsetti, P; Manca, S; De Stefano, R; Frati, E; Frediani, B; Baldi, F; Selvi, E; Marcolongo, R

    2001-11-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) in calcaneal enthesophytosis. 60 patients (43 women, 17 men) were examined who had talalgia associated with heel spur. A single blind randomised study was performed in which 30 patients underwent a regular treatment (group 1) and 30 a simulated one (shocks of 0 mJ/mm(2) energy were applied) (group 2). Variations in symptoms were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS). Variations in the dimension of enthesophytosis were evaluated by x ray examination. Variations in the grade of enthesitis were evaluated by sonography. A significant decrease of VAS was seen in group 1. Examination by x ray showed morphological modifications (reduction of the larger diameter >1 mm) of the enthesophytosis in nine (30%) patients. Sonography did not show significant changes in the grade of enthesitis just after the end of the treatment, but a significant reduction was seen after one month. In the control group no significant decrease of VAS was seen. No modification was observed by x ray examination or sonography. ESWT is safe and improves the symptoms of most patients with a painful heel, it can also structurally modify enthesophytosis, and reduce inflammatory oedema.

  15. Osteomyelitis associated with Nocardiopsis composta in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, Elisa N; Royal, Debra; Kurz, Lance; Loy, J Dustin

    2015-05-01

    We report the first detection of Nocardiopsis composta in association with osteomyelitis in a young male miniature Australian shepherd dog. Findings included suppurative osteomyelitis containing intralesional Fite's acid fast bacilli, aerobic culture of branching Gram-positive rods, and positive identification via phenotypic analysis and 16S rDNA sequencing.

  16. Chronic osteomyelitis of the long bones | Nwagbara | Orient Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The cure rate for chronic osteomyelitis was 90.7%. Conclusion: From this study, chronic osteomyelitis of the long bones was mostly caused by open fractures resulting from motor vehicular crashes, and predominantly affects the tibia. The most frequently isolated pathogenic organism was Staph. aureus. Most of the patients ...

  17. Screening for Osteomyelitis Using Thermography in Patients with Diabetic Foot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makoto Oe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the most serious complications of diabetic foot (DF is osteomyelitis, and early detection is important. To assess the validity of thermography to screen for osteomyelitis, we investigated thermographic findings in patients with both DF and osteomyelitis. The subjects were 18 diabetic patients with 20 occurrences of DF who visited a dermatology department at a hospital in Tokyo and underwent evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and thermography between June 2010 and July 2012. Osteomyelitis was identified by MRI. Thermographs were taken of the wounds and legs after bed rest of more than 15 minutes. Two wound management researchers evaluated the range of increased skin temperature. There were three types of distribution of increased skin temperature: the periwound, ankle, and knee patterns. Fisher’s exact test revealed that the ankle pattern was significantly more common in the group with osteomyelitis than in the group without osteomyelitis (P=0.011. The positive predictive value was 100%, and the negative predictive value was 71.4%. Our results suggest that an area of increased skin temperature extending to the ankle can be a sign of osteomyelitis. Thermography might therefore be useful for screening for osteomyelitis in patients with DF.

  18. Plantar fasciitis and calcaneal spur formation are associated with abductor digiti minimi atrophy on MRI of the foot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chundru, Usha [Maimonides Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Brooklyn, NY (United States); Liebeskind, Amy; Beltran, Javier [Maimonides Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Brooklyn, NY (United States); Beachwood, Franklin and Seidelmann Subspecialty Radiology, Beachwood, OH (United States); Seidelmann, Frank; Franklin, Peter [Beachwood, Franklin and Seidelmann Subspecialty Radiology, Beachwood, OH (United States); Fogel, Joshua [Maimonides Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Brooklyn, NY (United States); Brooklyn College, Department of Economics, Brooklyn, NY (United States)

    2008-06-15

    To determine the association of atrophy of the abductor digiti minimi muscle (ADMA), an MRI manifestation of chronic compression of the inferior calcaneal nerve suggesting the clinical diagnosis of Baxter's neuropathy, with MRI markers of potential etiologies, including calcaneal spur formation, plantar fasciitis, calcaneal edema, Achilles tendinosis and posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). Prevalence of calcaneal spur formation, plantar fasciitis, calcaneal edema, Achilles tendinosis and PTTD was assessed retrospectively on 100 MRI studies with ADMA and 100 MRI studies without ADMA. Patients ranged in age from 10-92 years. Pearson chi-square analyses and Fisher's exact test were used to compare prevalence of the above findings in patients with and without ADMA. Logistic regression was used to determine which variables were significantly associated with ADMA. Among patients with ADMA, there was significantly greater age (57.2 years vs 40.8 years, p < 0.001), presence of Achilles tendinosis (22.0% vs 3.0%, P<0.001), calcaneal edema (15.0% vs 3.0%, P = 0.005), calcaneal spur (48.0% vs 7.0%, P < 0.001), plantar fasciitis (52.5% vs 11.0%, P<0.001), and PTTD (32.0% vs 11.0%, P<0.001). After multivariate logistic regression analysis, only age [odds ratio (OR) 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03, 1.09], calcaneal spur (OR 3.60, 95% CI 1.28, 10.17), and plantar fasciitis (OR 3.35, 95% CI 1.31, 8.56) remained significant. Advancing age, calcaneal spur, and plantar fasciitis are significantly associated with ADMA. Their high odds ratios support the notion of a possible etiologic role for calcaneal spur and plantar fasciitis in the progression to Baxter's neuropathy. (orig.)

  19. Skull Base Osteomyelitis in the Emergency Department: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Burak Sayhan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Skull base osteomyelitis (SBO is a rare clinical presentation and usually occurs as a complication of trauma or sinusitis. A 5-year-old child presented to the emergency department with a three-week history of fever associated with drowsiness and left parietal headache, and a week's history of swelling on the left frontoparietal soft tissue. He had suffered a penetrating scalp injury four month ago. On physical examination, there was a tender swelling with purulent stream on the lateral half of his scalp. His vital signs are within normal limits. Plain X-ray of the skull showed a lytic lesion on the left frontoparietal bone. A cranial computed tomography (CT scan demonstrated a large subgaleal abscess at the left frontoparietal region. SBO possesses a high morbidity and mortality; therefore, prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are mandatory to prevent further complications and to reduce morbidity and mortality significantly.

  20. Non-infectious osteomyelitis of the mandible in a young woman

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Anne Q; Andersen, Ulrik B; Jørgensen, Niklas R

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We present the case of a patient with non-infectious osteomyelitis of the mandible, which is a recognized but unusual condition of unknown cause. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14-year-old Caucasian girl presented with pain and edema in the left side of her jaw. A clinical examination led...... of 1 to 10. A diagnosis of bone disease was made based on bone scintigraphy and single photon emission computed tomography that showed hot spots in the affected left side of the jaw. Our patient was treated with a single dose of intravenous zoledronic acid (5mg) at age 17 years, which was repeated...... after 12 months. The bone pain was significantly reduced six months after treatment and had disappeared 24 months after treatment. CONCLUSION: We report an unusual localization of non-infectious osteomyelitis of the jaw in a young woman. Even though the presentation was in the jaw, her condition...

  1. MRI in diagnostic evaluation of osteomyelitis in children

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    Stoever, B. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Paediatrische Radiologie, Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Berlin (Germany); Sigmund, G. [Dept. of Radiology, Albert-Ludwigs-Univ., Freiburg (Germany); Langer, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Albert-Ludwigs-Univ., Freiburg (Germany); Brandis, M. [Dept. of Pediatrics, Albert-Ludwigs Univ., Freiburg (Germany)

    1994-08-01

    Several MRI investigations for detecting or excluding acute and non-post-traumatic chronic osteomyelitis were performed in 31 children, osteomyelitis was evident in 21 patients. The sensitivity of MRI for osteomyelitis was 90%, and specificity was 100%. In children with confirmed osteomyelitis 23 follow-up investigations were carried out in order to evaluate duration of the medullary edema. In uncomplicated cases only treated by antibiotics edema regression was evident after 4 weeks and completed after 12-16 weeks. In cases in whom extended concomitant soft-tissue infection was depicted regression of edema was prolonged independent of surgical intervention. The study reveals that at onset of acute osteomyelitis in children MRI can replace technetium 99m-labeled scintigraphy and reduce plain-film investigations. The results support the usefulness of MRI in discrimination of isolated soft-tissue infection and noninfectious diseases of bone. (orig.)

  2. Systemic Antibiotic Therapy for Chronic Osteomyelitis in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipsky, Benjamin A.

    2012-01-01

    The standard recommendation for treating chronic osteomyelitis is 6 weeks of parenteral antibiotic therapy. However, oral antibiotics are available that achieve adequate levels in bone, and there are now more published studies of oral than parenteral antibiotic therapy for patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Oral and parenteral therapies achieve similar cure rates; however, oral therapy avoids risks associated with intravenous catheters and is generally less expensive, making it a reasonable choice for osteomyelitis caused by susceptible organisms. Addition of adjunctive rifampin to other antibiotics may improve cure rates. The optimal duration of therapy for chronic osteomyelitis remains uncertain. There is no evidence that antibiotic therapy for >4–6 weeks improves outcomes compared with shorter regimens. In view of concerns about encouraging antibiotic resistance to unnecessarily prolonged treatment, defining the optimal route and duration of antibiotic therapy and the role of surgical debridement in treating chronic osteomyelitis are important, unmet needs. PMID:22157324

  3. The association of calcaneal spur length and clinical and functional parameters in plantar fasciitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuyucu, Ersin; Koçyiğit, Figen; Erdil, Mehmet

    2015-09-01

    Plantar fasciitis (PF)is the most common cause of plantar heel pain. Despite many treatment alternatives for heel spur, the association of calcaneal spur size with clinical and functional parameters is inconclusive. The objective of this study to investigate the correlation of calcaneal spur length with clinical findings and functional status documented with Foot Function Index in patients with plantar fasciitis. We performed power analysis for the sample size estimation. 87 patients with PF were scrutinized to reach the estimated patient number 75. Computer-aided linear measurements were done for spur length from tip to base in milimeters. Perceived pain intensity was evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS). Patients were asked to rate the pain experienced on a 10-cm VAS. Foot function index was applied to the patients to evaluate pain, disability and activity limitation of the patients. Of the 75 participants, 24 were males (32%) and 51 were females (68%). The mean age was 47 ± 10 years (range 30-65 years). The mean calcaneal spur length was 3.86 ± 3.36 mm (range between 0 and 12.2). Calcaneal spur length was significantly correlated with age (p = 0.003), BMI (p = 0.029), symptom duration, (p = 0.001) VAS (p = 0.003), and FFI total score (p < 0.001). Our study demonstrated that length of the calcaneal spur is significantly correlated with age, BMI, symptom duration, perceived pain, FFI pain and disability subscores, and FFI total scores. The size of the calcaneal spur is an important parameter correlated with pain and functional scores in PF. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Cement Calcaneoplasty: An Innovative Method for Treating Nonunion in Calcaneal Insufficiency Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godavitarne, Charles; Fawzy, Ernest; Giancola, Giorgio; Louette, Luc

    2016-01-01

    Insufficiency type stress fractures are common in older patients with osteoporosis. Persistent pain after nonunion of these fractures can be disabling, with the management options often limited. We aimed to assess the suitability of fluoroscopic-guided injection of bone cement into a persistently symptomatic nonuniting calcaneal insufficiency fracture. To the best of our knowledge, this technique has not previously been described in the published data. After local subcutaneous anesthesia, the midpoint of the fracture site was accessed by trocar insertion under radiographic guidance, and bone cement was injected directly into the site. A preprocedure visual analog scale pain score of 90 of 100 was recorded. This had improved to 0 of 100 at the 12-month follow-up point after the procedure. The aim of the present case report was to raise awareness of percutaneous calcaneoplasty, which we believe to be a safe and well-tolerated technique for the management of osteoporotic insufficiency fracture of the calcaneus. We propose that this technique be considered when conservative methods aimed at promoting fracture healing have failed. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Osteomyelitis of the Mandibular Symphysis Caused by Brown Recluse Spider Bite

    OpenAIRE

    Naidu, Deepak K.; Ghurani, Rami; Salas, R. Emerick; Mannari, Rudolph J.; Robson, Martin C.; Payne, Wyatt G.

    2008-01-01

    Background: Brown recluse spider bites cause significant trauma via their tissue toxic venom. Diagnosis of these injuries and envenomation is difficult and many times presumptive. Treatment is varied and dependent upon presentation and course of injury. Materials and Methods: We present a case of a previously unreported incidence of osteomyelitis of the mandible as a result of a brown recluse spider bite. A review of the literature and discussion of diagnosis and treatment of brown recluse sp...

  6. Examining the association of MMP-1 gene -1607 (2G/1G) and -519 (A/G) polymorphisms with the risk of osteomyelitis: A case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Qingzhu; Jin, Yu; Yan, Shi; Wang, Yin; Zhao, Jingxin; Feng, Zhen; Wei, Junqiang; Wang, Yu; Kong, Lingwei; Guo, Litao; Yang, Jianing

    2017-10-01

    To investigate the effects of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) gene polymorphisms on the onset of osteomyelitis in Chinese Han population.In all, 80 osteomyelitis patients (case group) and 81 healthy people (control group) were recruited into this case-control study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was utilized to examine the genotypes of MMP-1 polymorphisms (-1607 2G/1G and -519A/G) in the 2 groups. Genotype and allele differences between the case and control groups were analyzed by chi-square test. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated to present the association strength between MMP-1 gene polymorphisms and osteomyelitis.Frequencies of -1607 2G/2G genotype between the case and control groups were statistically significant (P = .025). Compared with 1G/1G genotype carriers, the 2G/2G genotype carriers had 1.605 times risk of developing osteomyelitis (OR 2.605, 95% CI 1.116-6.082). Meanwhile, the 2G allele significantly associated with the risk of osteomyelitis (OR 1.735, 95% CI 1.115-2.701). In addition, frequency of -519GG genotype was obviously higher in case group than that in control group (P = .024), and GG genotype related to an increased risk of osteomyelitis (OR 2.792, 95% CI 1.127-6.917). Whereas, the -519G allele may be a susceptible factor for osteomyelitis (OR 1.622, 95% CI 1.038-2.536).The MMP-1 -1607 (2G/1G) and -519 (A/G) polymorphisms may contribute to the onset of osteomyelitis.

  7. Relationship of calcaneal and iliac apophyseal ossification to peak height velocity timing in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Allen D; Liu, Raymond W; Sanders, James O; Cooperman, Daniel R

    2015-01-21

    Ossification of the calcaneal apophysis has never been fully characterized. We examined the ossification sequence of the calcaneus in relation to ossification of the iliac apophysis and the timing of the peak height velocity (PHV). Ninety-four healthy children (forty-nine girls and forty-five boys), from three to eighteen years old, were followed longitudinally through growth with annual serial radiographs and physical examinations. These were done at least annually from ten to fifteen years of age. The PHV was calculated using the height measurements of each child. We measured and compared calcaneal and iliac crest apophyseal ossification using foot and pelvic radiographs made on the same day. We correlated the PHV with the degree of calcaneal and iliac ossification. Ossification of the calcaneal apophysis occurred in an orderly fashion, with the ossification center first appearing a mean of 4.7 years (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.2 to 4.2 years) before the PHV. The apophysis spread across the plantar surface more quickly than the dorsal surface. The apophysis extended completely over the plantar surface a mean of 0.86 year (95% CI, 1.0 to 0.7 year) before the PHV. Fusion of the apophysis followed complete plantar extension over the next two years and was typically complete a mean of 2.1 years (95% CI, 2.0 to 2.2 years) after the PHV. Fusion began in the middle of the apophysis and proceeded outward. Iliac apophyseal ossification did not appear prior to the PHV in any subject. The calcaneal apophysis ossifies in a consistent fashion characterized by six different stages. The calcaneal stages occur during narrow intervals in relation to the PHV, allowing the calcaneal system to be used for assessment of skeletal maturity. The PHV occurs prior to iliac ossification, whereas the calcaneal apophysis has four stages of ossification before and two stages after the PHV. Copyright © 2015 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

  8. Primary osteomyelitis of the acetabulum resulting in septic arthritis of the hip and obturator internus abscess diagnosed as acute appendicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scillia, Anthony; Cox, Garrick; Milman, Edward; Kaushik, Ashlesha; Strongwater, Allan

    2010-08-01

    The misdiagnosis of acute appendicitis is not uncommon. Rarely does infection of the triradiate cartilage imitate this entity. This case highlights an uncommon presentation of acetabular osteomyelitis as acute appendicitis and the severity of its sequelae. Like septic arthritis of the hip, acute appendicitis overtreatment is acceptable in part because of the complications resulting from delayed diagnosis and treatment. However, this case demonstrates the need to consider pelvic osteomyelitis and peripelvic infection in the differential diagnosis of appendicitis. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Combination of diagnostic medial calcaneal nerve block followed by pulsed radiofrequency for plantar fascitis pain: A new modality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thapa, Deepak; Ahuja, Vanita

    2014-03-01

    Plantar fasciitis (PF) is the most common cause of chronic heel pain which may be bilateral in 20 to 30% of patients. It is a very painful and disabling condition which can affect the quality of life. The management includes both pharmacological and operative procedures with no single proven effective treatment modality. In the present case series, we managed three patients with PF (one with bilateral PF). Following a diagnostic medial calcaneal nerve (MCN) block at its origin, we observed reduction in verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) in all the three patients. Two patients has relapse of PF pain which was managed with MCN block followed with pulsed radio frequency (PRF). All the patients were pain-free at the time of reporting. This case series highlights the possible role of combination of diagnostic MCN block near its origin followed with PRF as a new modality in management of patients with PF.

  10. Combination of diagnostic medial calcaneal nerve block followed by pulsed radiofrequency for plantar fascitis pain: A new modality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Thapa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Plantar fasciitis (PF is the most common cause of chronic heel pain which may be bilateral in 20 to 30% of patients. It is a very painful and disabling condition which can affect the quality of life. The management includes both pharmacological and operative procedures with no single proven effective treatment modality. In the present case series, we managed three patients with PF (one with bilateral PF. Following a diagnostic medial calcaneal nerve (MCN block at its origin, we observed reduction in verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS in all the three patients. Two patients has relapse of PF pain which was managed with MCN block followed with pulsed radio frequency (PRF. All the patients were pain-free at the time of reporting. This case series highlights the possible role of combination of diagnostic MCN block near its origin followed with PRF as a new modality in management of patients with PF.

  11. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vicente

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present edition of Significação – Scientific Journal for Audiovisual Culture and in the others to follow something new is brought: the presence of thematic dossiers which are to be organized by invited scholars. The appointed subject for the very first one of them was Radio and the invited scholar, Eduardo Vicente, professor at the Graduate Course in Audiovisual and at the Postgraduate Program in Audiovisual Media and Processes of the School of Communication and Arts of the University of São Paulo (ECA-USP. Entitled Radio Beyond Borders the dossier gathers six articles and the intention of reuniting works on the perspectives of usage of such media as much as on the new possibilities of aesthetical experimenting being build up for it, especially considering the new digital technologies and technological convergences. It also intends to present works with original theoretical approach and original reflections able to reset the way we look at what is today already a centennial media. Having broadened the meaning of “beyond borders”, four foreign authors were invited to join the dossier. This is the first time they are being published in this country and so, in all cases, the articles where either written or translated into Portuguese.The dossier begins with “Radio is dead…Long live to the sound”, which is the transcription of a thought provoking lecture given by Armand Balsebre (Autonomous University of Barcelona – one of the most influential authors in the world on the Radio study field. It addresses the challenges such media is to face so that it can become “a new sound media, in the context of a new soundscape or sound-sphere, for the new listeners”. Andrew Dubber (Birmingham City University regarding the challenges posed by a Digital Era argues for a theoretical approach in radio studies which can consider a Media Ecology. The author understands the form and discourse of radio as a negotiation of affordances and

  12. Nonabsorbable-Suture-Induced Osteomyelitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Cheng Hong Yeo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We are reporting a case of nonabsorbable suture-induced osteomyelitis in patient who had an open rotator cuff repair with nonabsorbable Ethibond anchor suture. Patient in this case presented with very subtle clinical features of osteomyelitis of the left proximal humerus 15 years after initial rotator cuff repair surgery. Literature had shown that deep infection following rotator cuff repairs, although rare, can be easily missed and can cause severe complications. Absorbable suture had been demonstrated to be more superior, in terms of rate of deep infection, as compared to nonabsorbable suture when used in rotator cuff repair surgery. Both absorbable and nonabsorbable suture had been demonstrated to have similar mechanical properties by several different studies. The case demonstrated that initial presentation of deep infection can be subtle and easily missed by clinicians and leads to further complications.

  13. Coccidioidomycosis osteomyelitis of the knee in a 23-year-old diabetic patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lowell Ellerbrook, BS

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Coccidioidomycosis is a pulmonary infection caused by the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioidomycosis posadasii. This disease is endemic to the southwestern United States and has a predilection for immunocompromised patients. Diabetes mellitus has been shown to be a strong risk factor for acquiring this infection in these states. Most cases are asymptomatic or present with mild pulmonary symptoms. However, untreated pulmonary mycosis can lead to disseminated infection, most often involving meningitis, osteomyelitis, or skin and soft-tissue infections. When there is arthritis, the knee is the most common site of infection. We present a case of a 23-year-old male with longstanding, uncontrolled Type 1 diabetes mellitus who was found to have pulmonary coccidioidomycosis following diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis osteomyelitis of the knee.

  14. Osteomyelitis and Discitis Following Translumbar Repair of a Type II Endoleak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sella, David M., E-mail: Sella.david@mayo.edu; Frey, Gregory T., E-mail: Frey.gregory@mayo.edu; Giesbrandt, Kirk, E-mail: giesbrandt.kirk@mayo.edu [Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2016-03-15

    Here we present the case of an 80-year-old man who developed a type II endoleak following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Initial attempts at treating the endoleak via a transarterial approach were unsuccessful; therefore the patient underwent percutaneous translumbar endoleak embolization. Approximately 1 month following the translumbar procedure, he developed back pain, with subsequent workup revealing osteomyelitis and discitis as a complication following repair via the translumbar approach.

  15. A CLINICO-MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF OSTEOMYELITIS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN KARNATAKA

    OpenAIRE

    Anjana; Syeda Misbah; Thalakkale; Divya; Vinoba

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Bone and joint infections are painful for patients and frustrating for both doctors and patients. Osteomyelitis presents a variety of challenges to the physician. The severity of the disease is staged depending upon the infection’s particular features, including its aetiology, pathogenesis, extent of bone involvement, duration, and host factors. The high success rates of antimicrobial therapy in most infectious diseases have not yet been achieved in bone and joint i...

  16. Osteomyelitis and Discitis Following Translumbar Repair of a Type II Endoleak.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sella, David M; Frey, Gregory T; Giesbrandt, Kirk

    2016-03-01

    Here we present the case of an 80-year-old man who developed a type II endoleak following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Initial attempts at treating the endoleak via a transarterial approach were unsuccessful; therefore the patient underwent percutaneous translumbar endoleak embolization. Approximately 1 month following the translumbar procedure, he developed back pain, with subsequent workup revealing osteomyelitis and discitis as a complication following repair via the translumbar approach.

  17. Enterococcus faecalis Septicemia and Vertebral Osteomyelitis after Transrectal Ultrasound Guided Biopsy of the Prostate

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    Ayaz Virji

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy (TRUS has rarely been associated with disseminated infection, yet the occurrence appears to be increasing. Resistance to fluoroquinolones, the most commonly used prophylaxis, is one of the likely causes, with Escherichia coli being the most commonly reported cause of these infections. Herein we present what is, to our knowledge, the first case of Enterococcus faecalis septicemia and vertebral osteomyelitis after TRUS. Previously reported cases of this condition are referenced also.

  18. Sacro-iliac osteomyelitis in a 13 year old boy following perforated appendicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan-Johnson, Sophie; Isaacs, John; Pullan, Rupert D

    2013-05-01

    Appendicitis is a common cause of acute abdominal pain in children and is treated by an open or laparoscopic appendicectomy. Well documented post-operative complications include wound infection, intra-abdominal collection, and adhesional bowel obstruction. We present the rare case of right sacro-iliitis and iliac bone osteomyelitis in a 13 year old boy following an open appendicectomy for a perforated appendicitis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Post-surgical care of a professional ballet dancer following calcaneal exostectomy and debridement with re-attachment of the left Achilles tendon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobsar, Bradley; Alcantara, Joel

    2009-01-01

    The extraordinary physical demands placed upon ballet dancers are only now being appreciated as comparable to that of other highly competitive athletic pursuits. The professional ballet dancer presents with an array of injuries associated with their physically vigorous performance requirements. In keeping with evidence-based practice, we describe the chiropractic care of a professional ballet dancer following surgical calcaneal exostectomy and debridement with re-attachment of the left Achilles tendon. The care provided involves an array of modalities from exercise and rehabilitation to spinal manipulative therapy. PMID:19421349

  20. Effectiveness of using ultrasound therapy and manual therapy in the conservative treatment of calcaneal spur – pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Twarowska Natalia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Calcaneal spur is a pathology of the fibrocartilage enthesis of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia or a pathology of the mixed enthesis of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle. Ultrasound therapy is commonly applied in the conservative treatment of a calcaneal spur. Foot muscle strengthening exercises, stretching exercises and soft tissue therapy are indicated as effective methods of conservative treatment. The aim of the study was to compare and assess the effects of ultrasound therapy and selected techniques of manual therapy on pain level and functional state in patients with calcaneal spur.

  1. Diagnosis and classification of calcaneal fractures in computed tomography; Diagnostik und Klassifikation von Kalkaneusfrakturen in der Computertomographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herold, T.; Grabbe, E.; Funke, M. [Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ. Goettingen (Germany). Abt. Diagnostische Radiologie; Folwaczny, E.K.; Stuermer, K.M. [Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ. Goettingen (Germany). Klinik fuer Unfall-, Plastische und Wiederherstellungschirurgie

    2004-09-01

    Purpose: To compare image quality of single-slice spiral CT (SSCT) and multislice spiral CT (MSCT) in the diagnosis and classification of calcaneal fractures and to present a rapid and precise algorithm for the classification system of Stuermer. Materials and Methods: In 102 patients with 124 calcaneal fractures, spiral CT was performed, in 82 cases as SSCT with a slice thickness (SD) of 3 mm, a table speed (TS) of 3-4 mm/rot and an increment of 1.5 mm. In 42 cases, patients were scanned using MSCT (SD of 1.25 mm, increment 0.8 mm). For these examinations, 2 different scan protocols were used, with a TS of 3.75 mm/rot in one group(n=21) and a TS of 7.5 mm/rot in the other group (n=21). The image quality of axial sections and reconstructed images was assessed on a scale from 1 to 5 (1=very good; 5=insufficient). The fractures were evaluated using a classification system according to Stuermer, which assigns three main groups (A/B/C) and three subtypes (1/2/3). Results: MSCT had substantial advantages over SSCT with respect to scan time and image quality, especially for multiplanar reformatting (median 1.5 versus 4.0). TS showed no significant influence on the image quality. The standardized evaluation of the images enabled a classification of fractures within 5 minutes. All fractures could be assigned to the different types and subtypes. This classification system takes into account the severity of the fracture and the therapeutic approach. The most common type (90 of 124 fractures) were 'joint depression' fractures (type C), which were treated by surgery in 92%. Type A fractures were treated conservatively in 72%. (orig.)

  2. The fate of Bohler's angle in conservatively-treated displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Berdine; Halm, Jens A.; van Lieshout, Esther M. M.; Schepers, Tim

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Although the predictive value of Bohler's angle on outcome remains subject of debate, the initial angle at the time of trauma still guides treatment. Changes in Bohler's angle during follow-up are frequently reported following surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal

  3. Plantar pressure analysis after percutaneous repair of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); A. van der Stoep (Arjan); H. van der Avert (Hans); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Clinical results for the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are mainly expressed using disease-specific outcome scores, physical examination and radiographs. We hypothesized that plantar pressure and foot position analysis is a valuable tool in

  4. The subtalar distraction bone block arthrodesis following the late complications of calcaneal fractures: A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: The late complications following a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures includes painful arthrosis for which a subtalar fusion might be considered. In case of malalignment due to loss of height and varus deformity a reconstructive arthrodesis is necessary. The

  5. Health-related quality of life in trauma patients who sustained a calcaneal fracture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alexandridis, G.; Gunning, A. C.; Leenen, L. P. H.

    Background Calcaneal fractures are known to cause a considerable long-term disability; disability influences the public health negatively in terms of personal suffering and monetary losses. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in general is influenced by various patient-specific factors, and

  6. Conservative Management of Calcaneal Fractures. A Retrospective Review of Treatment Outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HY Wong

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Treatment of calcaneal fracture is still controversial and indication for surgery is not well established. We are reporting the mid term outcome of calcanel fractures treated conservatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients admitted with calcaneal fractures from 1st November 2002 till 31st December 2004 and were treated conservatively were included in this study. The fractures were grouped according to Essex-Lopresti classification and their outcomes were assessed with the Maryland foot score. We also looked at time to weight bearing and returning to occupational activity. RESULTS: Forty-four patients were included for evaluation. Patients with extraarticular calcaneal fractures had significantly higher rating scores compared to those with intraarticular fractures (98.2 and 88.8 respectively, with a p value = 0.0001. Generally, both group of patients had a good clinical outcome. 18 of the 44 patients (41% started partial weight bearing before or at 6 weeks and 31 patients (72% were able to start full weight bearing by 12 weeks. 31 patients (72% were back to work 12 weeks after the injury. CONCLUSION: Conservative management for calcaneal fractures is an acceptable mode of treatment with satisfactory functional outcome.

  7. Radiographic evaluation of calcaneal fractures: To measure or not to measure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); A.Z. Ginai (Abida); P.G.H. Mulder (Paul); P. Patka (Peter)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractObjective: The aim of this study was to correlate the functional outcome after treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture with plain radiography. Design: The design was a prognostic study of a retrospective cohort with concurrent follow-up. Patients: A total of 33

  8. A Novel Technique for Closed Reduction and Fixation of Paediatric Calcaneal Fracture Dislocation Injuries

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    Radwane Faroug

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Paediatric calcaneal fractures are rare injuries usually managed conservatively or with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF. Closed reduction was previously thought to be impossible, and very few cases are reported in the literature. We report a new technique for closed reduction using Ilizarov half-rings. We report successful closed reduction and screwless fixation of an extra-articular calcaneal fracture dislocation in a 7-year-old boy. Reduction was achieved using two Ilizarov half-ring frames arranged perpendicular to each other, enabling simultaneous application of longitudinal and rotational traction. Anatomical reduction was achieved with restored angles of Bohler and Gissane. Two K-wires were the definitive fixation. Bony union with good functional outcome and minimal pain was achieved at eight-weeks follow up. ORIF of calcaneal fractures provides good functional outcome but is associated with high rates of malunion and postoperative pain. Preservation of the unique soft tissue envelope surrounding the calcaneus reduces the risk of infection. Closed reduction prevents distortion of these tissues and may lead to faster healing and mobilisation. Closed reduction and screwless fixation of paediatric calcaneal fractures is an achievable management option. Our technique has preserved the soft tissue envelope surrounding the calcaneus, has avoided retained metalwork related complications, and has resulted in a good functional outcome.

  9. The sinus tarsi approach in displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Although open reduction and internal fixation is currently considered the gold standard in surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures, various different approaches exist including the limited lateral approach. The aim of this systematic review was to

  10. Current concepts in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: Results of a nationwide survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); T.M. van Ginhoven (Tessa); M.J. Heetveld (Martin); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is controversial and randomised clinical trials are scarce. Moreover, the socio-economic cost remains unclear. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, treatment preferences and socio-economic cost of this complex fracture

  11. Current concepts in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: results of a nationwide survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, T.; van Lieshout, E. M. M.; van Ginhoven, T. M.; Heetveld, M. J.; Patka, P.

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is controversial and randomised clinical trials are scarce. Moreover, the socio-economic cost remains unclear. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, treatment preferences and socio-economic cost of this complex fracture in the

  12. The heel of achilles: calcaneal avulsion fracture from a gunshot wound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, D E; Heckman, J D

    1989-02-01

    Greek mythology relates that the legendary warrior Achilles was made invincible by his mother Thetis, who dipped him in the River Styx while holding him by his heel. Because his heel was never immersed, it remained his one area of vulnerability. After the fall of Troy, Achilles met his demise when he was shot in the heel by Paris, whose arrow was guided by the Greek god Apollo. This is the derivation of the term "Achilles tendon." Avulsion fractures of the tuberosity of the calcaneus are rare injuries. Schonbauer reviewed a series of 870,000 accident cases treated at the Vienna Trauma Hospital and found only four such cases in addition to 151 cases of subcutaneous Achilles tendon rupture. In Bohler's series of 182 calcaneal fractures, avulsion of the calcaneal tuberosity accounted for less than 1% of these injuries. Rowe reported four Achilles avulsion fractures in his series of 154 calcaneal fractures. Three basic mechanisms of injury have been described: (1) dorsiflexion violence against the maximally plantarflexed foot, typically occurring in a fall from a height; (2) powerful contraction of the triceps surae muscle with simultaneous extension of the knee such as when a person is about to sprint in a race; (3) a direct blunt blow to the hindfoot. We are describing a case of avulsion of the calcaneal tuberosity due to direct penetrating trauma from a gunshot wound, a mechanism not previously reported.

  13. Wound infections following open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fractures with an extended lateral approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Backes, Manouk; Schepers, Tim; Beerekamp, M. Suzan H.; Luitse, Jan S. K.; Goslings, J. Carel; Schep, Niels W. L.

    2014-01-01

    Post-operative wound infections (PWI) following calcaneal fracture surgery can lead to prolonged hospital stay and additional treatment with antibiotics, surgical debridement or implant removal. Our aim was to determine the incidence of superficial and deep PWI and to identify risk factors (RF).

  14. Osteomyelitis following extraction of lower third molar during pregnancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Bin; Huh, Kyung Hoe; Yi, Won Jin; Lee, Sam Sun [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Mi Ja [Department of Dentistry, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    A 27-year-old female was referred to our hospital postpartum due to rapid aggravation of facial swelling. She was diagnosed with osteomyelitis on clinical, radiological, and histopathological examinations, but the possibility of malignancy was not excluded. Clinical signs and symptoms such as facial swelling and discomfort were improved with four months of antibiotics treatment. This is a case of an osteomyelitis progressed from infected extraction socket in a woman with physiological changes of pregnancy. Decreased immunological response, increased sex hormone and calcium regulatory hormones regulate the response of the bone infection. We report this case for helping the diagnosis of unusual form of osteomyelitis in pregnancy and postpartum.

  15. [Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis of the spine : Children and adolescent].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von der Höh, N H; Völker, A; Jeszenszky, D; Heyde, C-E

    2016-06-01

    Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) in childhood and adolescence is a non-infectious autoinflammatory disease of the bone with partial involvement of adjacent joints and soft tissue. The etiology is unknown. The disease can occur singular or recurrent. Individual bones can be affected and multiple lesions can occur. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) shows the whole picture of CNO. Accompanying but temporally independent of the bouts of osteomyelitis, some patients show manifestations in the skin, eyes, lungs and the gastrointestinal tract. The article gives an overview of the clinical manifestations, diagnostic procedures, and treatment options for CRMO involvement of the spine based on the current literature and our own cases.

  16. Effects of Implant-Associated Osteomyelitis on Cefuroxime Bone Pharmacokinetics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tøttrup, Mikkel; Bue, Mats; Koch, Janne

    2016-01-01

    Background: The prolonged antibiotic therapy that is often needed for successful management of osteomyelitis may be related to incomplete penetration of antibiotics into the target site. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of implant-associated osteomyelitis on cefuroxime...... penetration into bone.  Methods: Implant-associated osteomyelitis using a Staphylococcus aureus strain was induced in the right tibia in ten pigs. After five days and following administration of 1500 mg of cefuroxime, measurements of cefuroxime were obtained using microdialysis for eight hours in the implant...

  17. Tuberculous Osteomyelitis of the Patella

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    Rupak Chatterjee

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Patellar tuberculosis is a rare occurrence despite the knee being the third most common osteoarticular site to be involved. This is the reason for its late diagnosis and the potential to spread posteriorly to the knee. We present an atypical case of patellar tuberculosis in an 8-year-old boy presenting with discharging sinus and diagnosed by biopsy.

  18. Mutation screening of the IL-1 receptor antagonist gene in chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis of childhood and adolescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beck, C.; Girschick, H. J.; Morbach, H.; Schwarz, T.; Yimam, T.; Frenkel, J.; van Gijn, M. E.

    2011-01-01

    Objective Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis CNO is an inflammatory disorder of the musculoskeletal system with unknown etiology. In addition to bone inflammation, patients may present with inflammatory involvement of other tissues including, e.g.,skin. Recently, a novel syndrome due to deficiency

  19. Hæmatogen osteomyelitis som differentialdiagnose til knæsmerter hos en tiårig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudbæk, Torsten R; Haastrup, Peter Fentz; Nymark, Tine

    2016-01-01

    Knee pain is a frequent symptom facing the general practitioner. Some of the more severe differential diagnoses include bone infections and malignancy. We present a case report of a ten-year-old sports active and otherwise healthy girl with knee pain, which turned out to be haematogenous osteomye...... osteomyelitis....

  20. Surgical treatment of sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures using a sinus tarsi approach

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    Chul Hyun Park

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications. This study was prospectively performed to evaluate the results of the sinus tarsi approach for Sanders Type 2 calcaneal fractures using postoperative computed tomography (CT. Materials and Methods: Between October 2012 and December 2013, 20 Sanders Type 2 calcaneal fractures were consecutively treated using a sinus tarsi approach and checked using CT preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at 12 months after surgery. Clinical evaluations were performed using the visual analog scale (VAS and the ankle-hindfoot score developed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS. Radiographic evaluations were performed using calcaneus lateral and axial radiographs, hindfoot alignment radiograph, and CT. Changes in Böhler's angles and calcaneal widths were evaluated both preoperatively and at last followup. Reduction of the posterior facet was graded according to articular step, defect, and angulation of the posterior facet in CT. Results: VAS and AOFAS scores were significantly improved at 1 year after surgery but did not improve further. Böhler's angles and calcaneal widths were significantly improved after surgery. Böhler's angle was significantly smaller at the last followup than immediately after surgery, whereas calcaneal width was maintained. Reduction of the posterior facet was graded excellent in five feet (25%, good in ten (50%, and fair in five (25% on immediately

  1. Skull involvement in a pediatric case of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Toru; Ono, Hiroyuki; Morimoto, Yoshitaka; Otsuki, Yoshiro; Shirai, Masami; Endoh, Akira; Naito, Masaaki; Inoue, Yoshiya; Hongo, Teruaki

    2015-08-01

    An 11-year-old boy was diagnosed with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) and presented with right sacro-femoral and occipital lesions. Initially, a tumor was suspected. However, the bone biopsy showed osteomyelitis with a negative bacterial culture. Bone scintigraphy revealed inflammatory changes on multiple bone lesions. The slight elevation in inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein was of little clinical value. He was diagnosed with CRMO by sacral biopsy, and the clinical course progressed, with the presence of a new occipital lesion observed after the 1-year follow-up. The administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs successfully improved his clinical symptoms. The presence of a skull lesion in the occipital bone of a pediatric patient with CRMO has not been previously reported.

  2. Treatment of radiation osteomyelitis of the mandible in a patient with acquired factor VIII inhibitor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arimoto, Takamasa; Kishimoto, Hiromitsu; Matsumoto, Suwako; Kawanaka, Masao; Urabe, Masahiro; Yoshioka, Wataru [Hyogo Coll. of Medicine, Nishinomiya (Japan)

    1996-07-01

    A case of radiation osteomyelitis of mandible in a 56-year-old man with acquired factor VIII inhibitor is presented. He had undergone radiation therapy for malignant lymphoma of the tonsilar region seven years earlier, and also had received steroids to treat acquired factor VIII inhibitor for a year. On initial examination, he was given a diagnosis of phlegmon of the cheek caused by pericoronitis of the left lower wisdom tooth. To prevent the recurrence of inflammation, the wisdom tooth was extracted carefully, but radiation osteomyelitis occurred in association with a pathological fracture of the condylar head. After mini-pulse therapy with methylpredonisolone, segmental mandibulectomy and reconstruction with a titanium metal plate were performed. The postoperative course was satisfactory with no complications such as bleeding or infection. (author)

  3. Osteomyelitis of the mandible secondary to pericoronitis of an impacted third molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed-Ali, Ricardo I; Collyer, Jeremy; Garg, Montey

    2010-03-01

    Impacted third molars are a common reason for referral to the hospital dental service. Third molar impaction can be complicated by infection. We present two cases of osteomyelitis of the mandible developing secondary to pericoronitis of partially erupted lower third molars. One of the cases reported was recently diagnosed and treated while the other was diagnosed and treated 20 years ago. The most commonly reported pathology associated with impacted lower third molars is pericoronitis. Osteomyelitis of the mandible secondary to pericoronitis is rare. It is helpful if dental practitioners are able to distinguish between the cases of pericoronitis that need emergency referral to hospital and the cases that can be managed in practice and referred to an outpatient clinic.

  4. Subtalar Joint Instability and Calcaneal Spurs Associated with the Configuration of the Articular Facets of Adult Human Calcaneum in Indian Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Shilpi; Garg, Shilpi; Vasudeva, Neelam

    2016-09-01

    Morphological variations of articular facets of calcaneum may predispose people to joint instability, ligamentous laxity and development of arthritic changes in the subtalar joint. Knowledge of such variations is essential for treatment and diagnostic procedures in orthopaedic surgeries. The aim of this study was to determine patterns of articular facets of calcanei and to establish its correlation with calcaneal spurs. The study was conducted on 580 adult calcanei of Indian origin at Maulana Azad Medical College and pattern of articular facets were observed and classified according to five patterns described in literature. A digital vernier calliper was used to measure separation between anterior and middle facet. Degree of intersecting angle between anterior and medial facets was calculated using UTHSCSA Image Tool software. The calcaneal spurs were observed by visual inspection. Out of 580 calcanei, 66.55% had fused anterior and middle facets (Pattern I), 27.59% had all three facets separate (Pattern II), 5.52% had absence of anterior facet (Pattern III), 0.17% had all three facets fused (Pattern IV) and 0.17% had fused middle and posterior facets (Pattern V). A significant side variation was present in Pattern III with predominance on left side. Mean angle of intersection was 147.70 0 in Pattern I and 133.34 0 in Pattern II calcaneum. Calcaneal spurs were found in 61.38% out of which it was associated with Pattern I in 43.62%, Pattern II in 14.66% and Pattern III in 2.76%. Individuals with Pattern I and III calcaneum were found to be at a greater risk of subtalar joint instability than individuals with Pattern II. Angle of intersection was obtuse in Pattern I which resulted in ligament laxity and unstable joint. Pattern I was more common in Indian population and this fact necessitates modifications of the western surgical techniques to suit the Indian scenario. An association between the presence of spur and facet configuration was found to be significant.

  5. Correlation between Parameters of Calcaneal Quantitative Ultrasound and Hip Structural Analysis in Osteoporotic Fracture Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Licheng Zhang

    Full Text Available Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS, which is used in the evaluation of osteoporosis, is believed to be intimately associated with the characteristics of the proximal femur. However, the specific associations of calcaneal QUS with characteristics of the hip sub-regions remain unclear.A cross-sectional assessment of 53 osteoporotic patients was performed for the skeletal status of the heel and hip.We prospectively enrolled 53 female osteoporotic patients with femoral fractures. Calcaneal QUS, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, and hip structural analysis (HSA were performed for each patient. Femoral heads were obtained during the surgery, and principal compressive trabeculae (PCT were extracted by a three-dimensional printing technique-assisted method. Pearson's correlation between QUS measurement with DXA, HSA-derived parameters and Young's modulus were calculated in order to evaluate the specific association of QUS with the parameters for the hip sub-regions, including the femoral neck, trochanteric and Ward's areas, and the femoral shaft, respectively.Significant correlations were found between estimated BMD (Est.BMD and BMD of different sub-regions of proximal femur. However, the correlation coefficient of trochanteric area (r = 0.356, p = 0.009 was higher than that of the neck area (r = 0.297, p = 0.031 and total proximal femur (r = 0.291, p = 0.034. Furthermore, the quantitative ultrasound index (QUI was significantly correlated with the HSA-derived parameters of the trochanteric area (r value: 0.315-0.356, all p<0.05 as well as with the Young's modulus of PCT from the femoral head (r = 0.589, p<0.001.The calcaneal bone had an intimate association with the trochanteric cancellous bone. To a certain extent, the parameters of the calcaneal QUS can reflect the characteristics of the trochanteric area of the proximal hip, although not specifically reflective of those of the femoral neck or shaft.

  6. Salvage of a Below Knee Amputation Utilizing Rotationplasty Principles in a Patient with Chronic Tibial Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moralle, Matthew R; Stekas, Nicholas D; Reilly, Mark C; Sirkin, Michael S; Adams, Mark R

    2016-01-01

    Chronic osteomyelitis is a disease that requires fastidious treatment to eliminate. However, when eradication is unable to be achieved through exhaustive modalities of antibiotic therapy and multiple debridements, significant resection of the infected bone and soft tissue must be considered, including amputation. Here we report of a salvage procedure for chronic osteomyelitis of the left tibia by employing a rotationplasty to avoid an above knee amputation and instead provide the patient with a below knee amputation. A 51-year-old male presented to the emergency department after noticing dehiscence of an operative wound with exposure of an implant in the left lower extremity. Two years prior to presentation, the patient was involved in a motorcycle accident and underwent four surgeries in the Dominican Republic for an open fracture of the left tibia and fibula, including a procedure that involved the placement of an implant in the left proximal tibia. Tissue biopsies from the wound confirmed that the patient had osteomyelitis of the left proximal tibia. After extensive surgical and antibiotic intervention to eradicate the patient's osteomyeltis, it was eventually determined that an amputation would be necessary. In order to avoid an above knee amputation, a salvage procedure was conducted by employing a rotationplasty to provide the patient with a below knee amputation. When amputation is deemed necessary, sparing the knee joint is associated with decreased energy expenditures, increased patient satisfaction and overall better postoperative outcomes. As part of a multi-disciplinary team, orthopaedics, plastic surgery, infectious disease, and medical services successfully treated this case of chronic osteomyelitis of the left proximal tibia by employing a rotationplasty to avoid an above knee amputation and achieve a below knee amputation.

  7. Vacuum-Assisted Closure Combined with a Myocutaneous Flap in the Management of Osteomyelitis in a Dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy L. Shomper

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Case Description. A 2.5-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog presented to the Teaching Hospital for draining tracts on the left medial aspect of the tibia. Two years prior to presentation, the patient sustained a left tibial fracture, which was repaired with an intramedullary (IM pin and two cerclage wires. Multiple antimicrobials were utilized during this time. Clinical Findings. Radiographs were consistent with left tibial osteomyelitis. The implant was removed and the wound was debrided. Treatment and Outcome. A bone window on the medial aspect of the tibia was created in order to facilitate implant removal. The wound and associated bone window were treated with vacuum assisted closure (VAC in preparation for reconstructive surgery. Adjunctive VAC therapy was utilized following the caudal sartorius myocutaneous flap. Complications following this surgery included distal flap necrosis and donor site dehiscence. Clinical Relevance. This presents a difficult case of canine osteomyelitis with subsequent wound care in which VAC and a myocutaneous flap were useful adjunctive treatments for osteomyelitis. This is the first report of VAC in the management of canine osteomyelitis and management with a myocutaneous flap.

  8. Vertebral Osteomyelitis and Septic Arthritis Associated With Staphylococcus hyicus in a Juvenile Peregrine Falcon ( Falco peregrinus ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Kristina; Fischer, Dominik; Hartmann, Antje; Kershaw, Olivia; Prenger-Berninghoff, Ellen; Pendl, Helene; Schmidt, Martin J; Lierz, Michael

    2015-09-01

    A 6-week-old, parent-reared peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ) was presented with spastic hypertonus of its hind limbs of unknown origin and duration. Radiologic examination revealed smooth periosteal reactions ventrally at thoracic vertebrae 5 to 7. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography identified the swelling as inflammation; antibiotic, antimycotic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic treatments were initiated, and vitamins and minerals were supplemented. Because the bird's condition did not improve after 10 days, it was euthanatized and submitted for postmortem examination. On histopathologic examination, chronic, active osteomyelitis was diagnosed in thoracic vertebrae 5 to 7, and chronic, active arthritis was present in both the right shoulder and left elbow joints. Staphylococcus hyicus was isolated from these 3 locations, as well as from lungs and liver, indicating a chronic septic staphylococcosis. Although infections with Staphylococcus species are occasional causes of vertebral osteomyelitis in juvenile poultry with active growth plates, it is only sporadically reported in raptors and companion birds. This case report is the first description of the clinical features and diagnostic and pathologic findings in a juvenile peregrine falcon with hematogenous osteomyelitis and arthritis associated with septicemia caused by S hyicus.

  9. Osteomyelitis Caused by Candida glabrata in the Distal Phalanx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shunichi Toki

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis caused by Candida glabrata is rare and its optimal treatment is unknown. Here we report a case of osteomyelitis caused by C. glabrata in the distal phalanx in a 54-year-old woman. Despite partial resection of the nail and administering a 1-month course of antibiotics for paronychia, the local swelling remained and an osteolytic lesion was found. C. glabrata osteomyelitis of the distal phalanx was later diagnosed after curettage. Thereafter, the patient was treated with antifungal agents for 3 months. The infection eventually resolved, and radiological healing of the osteolytic lesion was achieved. Antifungal susceptibility testing should be performed in the case of osteomyelitis caused by nonalbicans Candida species, due to their resistance to fluconazole.

  10. Congenital multifocal osteomyelitis at 24 weeks' gestation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raupp, Peter; Shubbar, Adil; Baichoo, Vijaymani; Samson, Gregory [Al Corniche Hospital, Department of Neonatology, P.O. Box 3788, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)

    2007-12-15

    We report an extremely rare case of congenital nonsyphilitic osteomyelitis in a very preterm infant, providing a unique illustration of the radiological appearances at birth, which may serve as a reference to facilitate diagnosis. (orig.)

  11. A Case of Pediatric Q Fever Osteomyelitis Managed Without Antibiotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khatami, Ameneh; Sparks, Rebecca T; Marais, Ben J

    2015-12-01

    Q fever osteomyelitis, caused by infection with Coxiella burnetti, is rare but should be included in the differential diagnosis of children with culture-negative osteomyelitis, particularly if there is a history of contact with farm animals, and/or granulomatous change on histologic examination of a bone biopsy specimen. We describe a case of Q fever osteomyelitis in a 6-year-old boy in which a decision was made not to treat the patient with combination antimicrobial agents, balancing possible risks of recurrence against potential side effects of prolonged antibiotic treatment. The patient had undergone surgical debridement of a single lesion and was completely asymptomatic after recovery from surgery. This case suggests that a conservative approach of watchful waiting in an asymptomatic patient with chronic Q fever osteomyelitis may be warranted in select cases when close follow-up is possible. Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  12. Oral Rehabilitation of an Osteopetrosis Patient with Osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer Celakil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteopetrosis is a congenital disorder characterized by increasing osteoclastic function resulting in osteomyelitis in the jaws. Orofacial findings in osteopetrosis patients are unerupted, malformed, or delayed teeth and many dental caries due to vulnerable enamel and dentin and osteomyelitis. Many reports have described that maxilla is an uncommon site of occurrence for osteomyelitis due to cortical bone morphology and collateral circulation. This report aims to discuss clinical features and prosthodontic management of a patient with clinical features of adult form of osteopetrosis and osteomyelitis in both jaws. The patient has reported better masticatory and speech efficiency with removable dentures in maxillary and mandibular jaw and also self-esteem improvement and family interaction.

  13. A rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene: Pubic tubercle fracture complicated with hematoma and acute osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Liang Fang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The etiologies of Fournier's gangrene are well described into four groups: anorectal, genitourinary, dermatologic, and idiopathic. Here, we present the case of a hematoma and acute osteomyelitis (related to a closed fracture of the pubis, which progressed to Fournier's gangrene 1 month after trauma. A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department because she had sustained a left side pubic bone fracture from a fall. On her first admission to our emergency department, conservative treatment had been prescribed; however, she was readmitted to our emergency department due to septic shock, local swelling, and pus discharge from the pubis and the left labium majus. A whole abdomen computed tomography scan revealed fluid accumulation in the left suprapubic and perineum region in addition to acute osteomyelitis of the pubis. Acute osteomyelitis-related Fournier's gangrene and sepsis were suspected; hence, she underwent urgent fasciotomy and sequestrectomy. After three rounds of sequestrectomies, partial wound reconstruction with local flap and 24-day hospitalization, she was discharged from our hospital with continuing wound care management. Conservative treatment of closed stable fractures of the pelvic bone along with bed rest is suggested by most orthopedists. However, surgical drainage of hematoma is necessary due to the poor hematoma absorption owing to pelvic fracture. The patient subsequently contracted acute osteomyelitis, a secondary infection associated with the etiology of Fournier's gangrene, particularly in the case of patients with diabetes mellitus. We concluded that this was a rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene and examined the complications of pelvic bone fracture in this context.

  14. Squamous cell carcinoma in chronic osteomyelitis: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruso, Gaetano; Gerace, Emanuele; Lorusso, Vincenzo; Cultrera, Rosario; Moretti, Loredana; Massari, Leo

    2016-08-04

    Chronic osteomyelitis is a challenging problem, and malignant transformation is a rare occurrence. We report a case of a patient with squamous cell carcinoma arising from an osteomyelitic hotbed and discuss through a literature review the etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of this lesion. A 69-year-old Italian man had sustained an exposed tibial fracture 40 years ago during a road accident, for which he had undergone various surgical osteosynthesis treatments with multiple antibiotic therapies. He presented to our hospital because of recurrence of a fistula at the proximal third of the anterior region of the tibia. For 2 months, we treated the lesion with antibiotics, and local medication with curettage. We saw no evidence of lesion improvement, and we advised the patient to undergo a knee amputation, which he refused. The alternative we chose was a surgical toilet of the osteomyelitic hotbed and used bioglass as a bone substitute. After 2 months of follow-up, we noticed a fulminating, budding formation in the area of the surgical wound that turned out to be a squamous cell carcinoma on biopsy. The patient again refused the amputation and underwent a wide-margin surgical debridement. After 2 months, the carcinoma recurred, and an above-the-knee amputation was performed. Our experience with this case indicates that amputation is the most appropriate treatment for squamous carcinoma occurring in patients with chronic osteomyelitis. To avoid risks of lymphonodular and organ metastasization, this radical surgical procedure should not be delayed. Early diagnosis and timely therapy can prevent amputation only in selected cases. Surgeons who treat osteomyelitis and chronic wounds should be aware of the risk of tumor degeneration. Squamous cell carcinoma associated with chronic osteomyelitis has a low-grade malignancy, but implications of lymphonodular involvement and organ metastasis should not be excluded.

  15. [Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis with Taurolin-Gel (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Götz, J; Wesch, G

    1981-10-01

    A study was made to ascertain the effect of Taurolin [Bis-(1-dioxo-perhydro-1, 2, 4-thiadiazinyl-4)-methan]*-Agarose resp. Taurolin -Collagen, using as model a chronic osteomyelitis in a dog's femur. The result was verified by means of X-rays, bone scans, intermittent bacteriological checks and, finally, histology. Taurolin, a chemotherapeuticum derived from the aminosulfonic acid, Taurin, was proven to be compatible. It led to regression of the osteomyelitis.

  16. Hodgkin's lymphoma masquerading as vertebral osteomyelitis in a man with diabetes: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sohani Aliyah R

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Infection and malignancy often have common characteristics which render the differential diagnosis for a prolonged fever difficult. Imaging and tissue biopsy are crucial in making a correct diagnosis, though differentiating between chronic osteomyelitis and malignancy is not always straightforward as they possess many overlapping features. Case Presentation A 52-year-old Caucasian man was treated with antibiotics for his diabetic foot infection after a superficial culture showed Staphylococcus aureus. He had persistent fevers for several weeks and later developed acute onset of back pain which was treated with several courses of antibiotics. Radiographic and pathological findings were atypical, and a diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma was made 12 weeks later. Conclusion Clinicians should maintain a suspicion for Hodgkin's lymphoma or other occult malignancy when features of presumed osteomyelitis are atypical. Chronic vertebral osteomyelitis in particular often lacks features common to acute infectious disease processes, and the chronic lymphocytic infiltrates seen on histopathology have very similar features to Hodgkin's lymphoma, highlighting a similar inflammatory microenvironment sustained by both processes.

  17. A case of peripheral gangrene and osteomyelitis secondary to terlipressin therapy in advanced liver disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heon Ju Lee

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Variceal bleeding and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS are serious and life-threatening complications of advanced liver disease. Terlipressin is widely used to manage both acute variceal bleeding and HRS due to its potency and long duration of action. The most severe (though rare adverse event is ischemia. The present report describes the case of a patient with gangrene and osteomyelitis secondary to terlipressin therapy. A 71-year-old male with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh B and chronic hepatitis C was admitted due to a drowsy mental status. The patient had several experiences of orthopedic surgery. His creatinine level had gradually elevated to 4.02 mg/dL, and his urine output decreased to 500 mL/24 hr. The patient was diagnosed as having grade III hepatic encephalopathy (HE and type II HRS. Terlipressin and albumin were administered intravenously to treat the HRS over 11 days. Although he recovered from the HE and HRS, the patient developed peripheral gangrene and osteomyelitis in both feet. His right toes were cured with the aid of rescue therapy, but his left three toes had to be amputated. Peripheral gangrene and osteomyelitis secondary to terlipressin therapy occur only rarely, and there is no specific rescue therapy for these conditions. Thus, attention should be paid to the possibility of ischemia of the skin and bone during or after terlipressin therapy.

  18. MRI of acute osteomyelitis in long bones of children: Pathophysiology study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thévenin-Lemoine, C; Vial, J; Labbé, J L; Lepage, B; Ilharreborde, B; Accadbled, F

    2016-11-01

    The classic pathophysiology of acute osteomyelitis in children described by Trueta has a metaphyseal infection as the starting point. This hypothesis was recently brought into question by Labbé's study, which suggested a periosteal origin. Thus, we wanted to study this disease's pathophysiology through early MRI examinations and to look for prognostic factors based on abnormal findings. This was a prospective, multicentre study that included cases of long bone osteomyelitis in children who underwent an MRI examination within 7days of the start of symptoms and within 24hours of the initiation of antibiotic therapy. We also collected clinical, laboratory and treatment-related data. Twenty patients were included, including one with a bifocal condition. The lower limb was involved in most cases (19/21). Staphylococcus aureus was found most frequently. Metaphyseal involvement was present in all cases. No isolated periosteal involvement was found in any of the cases. No prognostic factors were identified based on the various abnormal findings on MRI. Our study supports the metaphyseal origin of acute osteomyelitis in children. II. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  19. [Streptococcus milleri: An unusual cause of skull extensive osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent patient].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duquenne, C; Dernis, E; Zehrouni, A; Bizon, A; Duquenne, M

    2017-09-01

    Streptococcus milleri (Streptococcus anginosus, intermedius and constellatus) are commensal organisms, which can become pathogenic and cause infection with frequent abscess formation, local or metastatic extension. Osteomyelitis of the skull has been rarely reported in this type of infection. Skull osteomyelitis due to Streptococcus milleri is reported in a 61-year-old immunocompetent man without any medical history, occurring 10 months after a head injury without any wound or complication at initial presentation. A progressive right parieto-occipital headache with worsening and increased acute phase reactants evoked a giant cell arteritis. After few days of corticosteroid therapy (0.5 mg/kg/day), diagnosis of subcutaneous abscess associated to an extensive osteomyelitis of the skull due to Streptococcus milleri was diagnosed. The outcome was favorable after drainage of one liter of pus, irrigation, debridement and antibiotherapy by amoxicillin for 8 weeks. It is necessary to discuss the differential diagnosis of giant cell arteritis particularly when symptoms are unusual. Even a short-term corticosteroid therapy may dramatically exacerbate an undetected infection. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  20. The use of Reamer-irrigator-aspirator in the management of long bone osteomyelitis: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosounidis, T H; Calori, G M; Giannoudis, P V

    2016-08-01

    Reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) is an innovative device that its indications have recently been expanded to the management of long bone infections. In this narrative review, we summarise the most important studies in the field and we present the current open questions pertaining to the use of RIA in the management of osteomyelitis of long bones. The relevant literature is sparse and low quality. Nevertheless, the use of RIA for infected cases has yielded promising outcomes in specialised centres. Technical aspects that merit special attention in osteomyelitis of long bones are its inapplicability in small diameter long bones, the inadequate debridement of wide metaphyseal areas and the potential bleeding sequelae. The use of RIA in open fracture management to reduce infection risk has not gained acceptance. The antibiotic impregnated nails and rods constitute a complimentary strategy for the management of infections. The use of RIA for the management of long bone infections is an innovative and promising strategy. High quality studies are needed to shed light in its efficacy compared to conventional methods of management of osteomyelitis of long bones.

  1. Effectiveness of using ultrasound therapy and manual therapy in the conservative treatment of calcaneal spur – pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Twarowska Natalia; Niemierzycka Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Calcaneal spur is a pathology of the fibrocartilage enthesis of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia or a pathology of the mixed enthesis of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle. Ultrasound therapy is commonly applied in the conservative treatment of a calcaneal spur. Foot muscle strengthening exercises, stretching exercises and soft tissue therapy are indicated as effective methods of conservative treatment. The aim of the study was to compare and assess the effects of ultrasou...

  2. Dilemma in Differentiating between Acute Osteomyelitis and Bone Infarction in Children with Sickle Cell Disease: The Role of Ultrasound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inusa, Baba P. D.; Oyewo, Adeola; Brokke, Felicity; Santhikumaran, Gayathriy; Jogeesvaran, K. Haran

    2013-01-01

    Background Distinguishing between acute presentations of osteomyelitis (OM) and vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) bone infarction in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) remains challenging for clinicians, particularly in culture-negative cases. We examined the combined role of ultrasound scan (USS), C - reactive protein and White blood counts (WCC) in aiding early diagnosis in children with SCD presenting acutely with non-specific symptoms such as bone pain, fever or swelling which are common in acute osteomyelitis or VOC. Methods We reviewed the records of all children with SCD who were discharged from our department from October 2003 to December 2010 with a diagnosis of osteomyelitis based on clinical features and the results of radiological and laboratory investigations. A case control group with VOC who were investigated for OM were identified over the same period. Results In the osteomyelitis group, USS finding of periosteal elevation and/or fluid collection was reported in 76% cases with the first scan (day 0–6). Overall 84% were diagnosed with USS (initial +repeat). 16% had negative USS. With VOC group, USS showed no evidence of fluid collection in 53/58 admissions (91%), none of the repeated USS showed any fluid collection. Mean C-reactive protein (CRP), and white cell count (WCC) were significantly higher in the OM. Conclusion The use of Ultrasound in combination with CRP and WCC is a reliable, cost-effective diagnostic tool for differentiating osteomyelitis from VOC bone infarction in SCD. A repeat ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan may be is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. PMID:23755165

  3. Osteomielitis vertebral piógena Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis

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    Pedro P. Perrotti

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available La osteomielitis vertebral piógena (OVP es una localización poco frecuente (2-7% Se confirma con el aislamiento de un microorganismo de una vértebra, disco intervertebral, absceso epidural o paravertebral. Se describe una serie de casos por la infrecuente presentación de esta enfermedad, que puede ser consulta inicial en los servicios de clínica médica y por su sintomatología inespecífica que supone una dificultad diagnóstica. Tanto la columna lumbar como la dorsal fueron los sitios más afectados. El dolor dorsolumbar y la paraparesia fueron los síntomas más frecuentes de presentación. En ocho pacientes se aislaron Staphylococcus aureus, en uno Escherichia coli y en el restante Haemophylus sp. Se observó leucocitosis sólo en tres pacientes, y en dos velocidad de sedimentación globular mayor de 100 mm/h. Los diez pacientes presentaron imágenes características de osteomielitis vertebral piógena en la resonancia nuclear magnética. Dentro de las complicaciones, los abscesos paravertebrales y epidurales fueron los más frecuentes (en cinco enfermos. Además, un paciente presentó empiema pleural. De los diez pacientes de esta serie, siete recibieron inicialmente tratamiento médico empírico y luego específico para el germen aislado. En los restantes el tratamiento fue guiado de acuerdo al antibiograma. A dos enfermos fue necesario realizarles laminectomía descompresiva por compromiso de partes blandas y a otros dos estabilización quirúrgica por inestabilidad espinal, observándose buena evolución en todos los casos. Esta serie demuestra que, ante un paciente con dolor dorsolumbar y síntomas neurológicos se deberá tener en cuenta esta entidad para evitar un retraso en el tratamiento.Pyogenic osteomyelitis seldom affects the spine (2-7%. It is diagnosed by the isolation of a bacterial agent in the vertebral body, the intervertebral disks or from paravertebral or epidural abscesses. We report a retrospective study of ten

  4. Childhood osteomyelitis-incidence and differentiation from other acute onset musculoskeletal features in a population-based study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riise, Øystein Rolandsen; Kirkhus, Eva; Handeland, Kai Samson; Flatø, Berit; Reiseter, Tor; Cvancarova, Milada; Nakstad, Britt; Wathne, Karl-Olaf

    2008-01-01

    Background Osteomyelitis can be difficult to diagnose and there has previously not been a prospective approach to identify all children in a defined geographic area. The aim of this study was to assess the annual incidence of osteomyelitis in children, describe the patient and disease characteristics in those with acute (osteomyelitis (≥ 14 days disease duration), and differentiate osteomyelitis patients from those with other acute onset musculoskeletal features. Methods In a population-based Norwegian study physicians were asked to refer all children with suspected osteomyelitis. Children with osteomyelitis received follow-up at six weeks, six months and thereafter as long as clinically needed. Results The total annual incidence rate of osteomyelitis was 13 per 100 000 (acute osteomyelitis 8 and subacute osteomyelitis 5 per 100 000). The incidence was higher in patients under the age of 3 than in older children (OR 2.9, 95%: CI 2.3–3.7). The incidence of non-vertebral osteomyelitis was higher than the incidence of vertebral osteomyelitis (10 vs. 3 per 100 000; p = .002). Vertebral osteomyelitis was more frequent in girls than in boys (OR 7.0, 95%: CI 3.3–14.7). ESR ≥ 40 mm/hr had the highest positive predictive laboratory value to identify osteomyelitis patients at 26% and MRI had a positive predictive value of 85%. Long-bone infection was found in 16 (43%) patients. ESR, CRP, white blood cell count, neutrophils and platelet count were higher for patients with acute osteomyelitis than for patients with subacute osteomyelitis. Subacute findings on MRI and doctor's delay were more common in subacute osteomyelitis than in acute osteomyelitis patients. Blood culture was positive in 26% of the acute osteomyelitis patients and was negative in all the subacute osteomyelitis patients. Conclusion The annual incidence of osteomyelitis in Norway remains high. ESR values and MRI scan may help to identify osteomyelitis patients and differentiate acute and subacute

  5. An initial assessment of therapeutic value of strontium 85 isotope in treatment of chronic osteomyelitis in adults; Wstepna ocena wartosci terapeutycznej izotopu strontu 85 w leczeniu przewleklego zapalenia kosci u doroslych

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wieczorek, M.; Pizio, Z.; Kotarska-Kurp, D. [Szpital MSW, Opole (Poland)]|[Wojewodzki Szpital Zespolony, Opole (Poland)

    1993-12-31

    An initial assessment of treatment of chronic osteomyelitis in 16 adults with strontium 85 is presented. A dose 3.5-5 times greater than standard scintigraphic one was administered. In 3 cases the dose has been repeated because of the persistence of infection. The radionuclide was well tolerated. In 14 cases ceasing of osteomyelitis have been achieved. Laboratory tests showed no abnormalities. (author). 6 refs, 3 figs.

  6. Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Extremity Chronic Osteomyelitis in Southern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Nan; Ma, Yun-fei; Jiang, Yi; Zhao, Xing-qi; Xie, Guo-ping; Hu, Yan-jun; Qin, Cheng-he; Yu, Bin

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Although extremity chronic osteomyelitis is common in China, updated data were still limited regarding its characterizations. The present study aimed to review clinical features of extremity chronic osteomyelitis in Southern China. A retrospective analysis was conducted in the patients who had sought medical attention from January 2010 to April 2015 for extremity chronic osteomyelitis in Nanfang Hospital in Southern China. Clinical data were collected and analyzed. A total of 394 patients (307 males and 87 females) were included, giving a gender ratio of 3.53. The median age at first diagnosis was 42 years for all. The most frequent type was traumatic osteomyelitis (262 cases, 66.50%), which was mainly caused by open injury (166 cases, 63.36%) and during a road accident (91 cases, 34.73%). Single-site infection accounted for 81.98% (323 cases), with tibia (126 cases), femur (79 cases), calcaneus (37 cases), and toes (37 cases) as the top sites. The positive rate of intraoperative culture was 70.63% (214/303), 78.97% (169/214) of which was monomicrobial infection. Staphylococcus aureus (59 cases) was the most frequent bacteria for monomicrobial infection, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (29 cases) and Escherichia coli (11 cases). The positive ratios of preoperative serum white blood cell (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were 21.63%, 64.92%, 53.27%, 42.25%, 72.82%, and 66.67%, respectively. The most frequently used intravenous antibiotic was cephalosporins. The overall cure rate was 77.74%, with a total amputation rate of 16.75%. In this representative Chinese cohort, extremity chronic osteomyelitis was mostly caused by open injury and during a road accident, predominated in males and favored the tibia. S. aureus was the most frequent pathogenic organism. Preoperative elevated levels of serum IL-6, TNF-α, and ESR may be helpful

  7. Differences in the Clinical Outcome of Osteomyelitis by Treating Specialty: Orthopedics or Infectology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Arias Arias

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis is a heterogeneous infection with regard to etiology and treatment, and currently no single management protocol exists. Management of the condition is typically an interdisciplinary approach between orthopedics and infectious disease; however, the orthopedist is often the person who manages treatment. The aim of the study was to determine differences in the outcome of osteomyelitis according to its treating specialty and to identify factors associated with the recurrence of the disease. An ambispective cohort study of 129 patients with osteomyelitis was conducted and the proportions for qualitative variables and central tendency and dispersion measures for quantitative variables were calculated; the latter were tested for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk test. A bivariate analysis was conducted with measures of association based on the chi square test and crude relative risk. A logistic regression model was applied and statistical significance was set at p < 0.05, including the model of relevant clinical variables that fit the Hosmer-Lemeshow test. We found that 70% of patients were treated either by orthopedics or infectious disease. Patients who were treated by an orthopedist alone presented a greater risk of relapse or reinfection (RR = 4.6; 95% CI 2.3;8.9. Risk factors of osteomyelitis recurrence as determined in the regression model included the following: age of 57 years or older (RR = 1.3; 95% 0.3;5.2, long bones (RR = 1.9; 95% CI 0.5;7.1, fracture (RR = 5.0; 95% CI 0.4;51.4, monotherapy (RR = 3.0; 95% CI 0.6;14.5, receiving less than 4 weeks of antibiotics (RR = 1.5; 95% CI 0.2;10.1, inadequate treatment (RR = 3.1; 95% CI 0.4;20.1, and receiving orthopedics treatment (RR = 5.5; 95% CI 1.6;18.2. Most patients evaluated jointly by orthopedics and infectious disease received adequate treatment for osteomyelitis and had fewer relapses.

  8. Management of Intraarticular Calcaneal Fractures by Minimally Invasive Sinus Tarsi Approach-Early Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meraj A

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The operative treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures has been a controversial topic. Soft tissue conditions and concomitant disease must be considered in these patients. The minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach is a valid therapeutic solution that guarantees stability, anatomic reduction of the fracture and soft tissue preservation. Twenty-five closed calcaneal fractures in 20 patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using the sinus tarsi approach (including fixation with cannulated screws. All fractures healed by the time of final follow-up at 18 months. The time to union judged both clinically and radiographically, averaged 3 months. Mean Maryland foot scores were: 95 in type II; 91 in type III; and 83 in type IV fractures. Advantages offered by this new approach include a less invasive incision while still permitting good visualization and anatomic reduction of articular surfaces and with few complications.

  9. Lateral plantar nerve release with or without calcaneal drilling for resistant plantar fasciitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadek, Ahmed Fathy; Fouly, Ezzat Hassan; Elian, Mostafa Mohammed

    2015-08-01

    To compare the outcome following lateral plantar nerve release with or without calcaneal drilling for resistant plantar fasciitis. 30 women and 3 men aged 30 to 60 (mean, 45) years with resistant plantar fasciitis were randomised to undergo release of the first branch of the lateral plantar nerve with (group 1, n=18) or without (group 2, n=15) calcaneal drilling. Patients were followed up for a mean of 27 months. According to the modified Mayo scoring system for plantar fasciotomy, group 1 was superior to group 2 in terms of score (93.9±6.97 vs. 83±8.2, pplantar nerve achieves better outcome than release alone in patients with resistant plantar fasciitis.

  10. Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis Causing an Acute Scoliosis

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    Alexander Armstrong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Study Design. A Case Report. Objective. We present a 15-year-old girl with an acute atypical scoliosis secondary to chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO. Summary of Background Data. CRMO is a rare nonpyogenic inflammatory bone condition with unclear aetiology. CRMO mainly affects the metaphyses of long bones, the pelvis, shoulder girdle, and less commonly the spine. Methods. Our case presented with a 6-month history of worsening thoracic back pain, asymmetry of her shoulders and abnormal posture. Whole spine radiographs revealed a right atypical thoracic scoliosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed abnormal signal on the short TI inversion recovery (STIR sequences in multiple vertebrae. A bone biopsy demonstrated evidence of fibrosis and chronic inflammatory changes. Interval MRI scans revealed new oedematous lesions and disappearance of old lesions. Symptoms improved. Results. It is important to consider CRMO as an acute cause of atypical scoliosis. Malignancy, pyogenic infections and atypical presentations of juvenile arthritis need excluding. Conclusion. This 24-month follow-up describes a rare cause of an atypical scoliosis and fortifies the small amount of the currently available literature. The case highlights the relapsing and remitting nature of CRMO with new lesions developing and older lesions burning out. We advise close radiological surveillance and symptomatic management.

  11. Less wound complications of a sinus tarsi approach compared to an extended lateral approach for the treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture: A randomized clinical trial in 64 patients

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Li, Lian-Hua; Guo, Yong-Zhi; Wang, Hao; Sang, Qing-Hua; Zhang, Jian-Zheng; Liu, Zhi; Sun, Tian-Sheng

    2016-01-01

    ... intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Between January 2009 and January 2014, patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture were randomly assigned to receive surgical treatment by the sinus tarsi approach or the extended...

  12. Osteomyelitis and possible endocarditis secondary to Lactococcus garvieae: a first case report

    OpenAIRE

    James, P.; Hardman, S; Patterson, D

    2000-01-01

    Although osteomyelitis is commonly caused by staphylococcal infection, the first case of a lumbar osteomyelitis secondary to Lactococcus garvieae is reported. The case was complicated by possible endocarditis of an aortic valve prosthesis.


Keywords: Lactococcus garvieae; osteomyelitis

  13. Health related quality of life of children with calcaneal apophysitis: child & parent perceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Alicia M; Williams, Cylie M; Haines, Terry P

    2016-06-24

    Children with a clinical diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis reportedly experience impaired physical ability. Patient reported outcome assessments measure the level of conditional specific interference in everyday life. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the child and parent perceptions of health related quality of life (QOL) associated with calcaneal apophysitis. This is a longitudinal repeated measure study nested within a randomized comparative effectiveness trial. Children who had symptoms of calcaneal apophysitis were recruited from local advertising and from the caseload of podiatrists within the health setting (Australia). The Oxford Ankle Foot Questionnaire for Children (OxAFQ-C) was completed at baseline, 1, 2, 6 and 12 month time points by both child and parent. A total of 133 children were recruited and 124 participated in the study with 101 completing the OxAFQ-C at all five time points. The inter-rater reliability between the child and parent for the physical domain ranged between poor (0.06) to good (0.77) agreement, and the footwear domain ranged between poor (0.09) to good (0.66) across the time points. Both the school and emotional domains had moderate (0.46) to good (0.77) agreement. Children with calcaneal apophysitis have differing perceptions of health related QOL impact compared to their parents. Parents initially reported greater impact than their child however there was convergence of agreement over the follow-up period. These findings suggest understanding the impact from both child and parent perspective is imperative during treatment. ACTRN12609000696291.

  14. IMPINGEMENT-SYNDROME OF PERONEUS BREVIS TENDON AFTER CALCANEAL FRACTURES (MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS

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    N. S. Konovalchuk

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. One of the main causes of pain in patients with consequences of calcaneal fractures is the lateral impingement syndrome. This term means lateral displacement of outer calcaneal wall at the moment of fracture, narrowing of anatomical space under the lateral malleolus and compression of soft tissues in this region, including tendons of short and long peroneal muscles. This leads to chronic traumatization of tendons, alteration of their normal tracking and development of tendinitis and tenosynovitis. At this moment there are no articles in foreign or Russian literature describing how prolonged traumatization influences the internal structure of the tendons. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological changes in structure of peroneus brevis tendon after different duration of compression between outer wall of calcaneus and the tip of the lateral malleolus in patients with calcaneal malunion.Materials and methods. Fifteen patients with calcaneal malunion and lateral impingement syndrome were treated operatively between 2016 and 2017. To confirm the lateral impingement syndrome, the authors performed clinical examination and AP x-rays of ankle joint. Two peroneus brevis tendon specimens were obtained intraoperatively in each of 15 patients: one specimen from compressed and one from non-compressed area. Obtained specimens were histologically examined according to standard protocol.Results. Microscopically all specimens showed separation of collagen bundles with loose connective tissue degeneration, increase of vascularization and inflammation. The degree of these changes differed according to the compression duration. This allowed us to analyze the dynamics of these changes.Conclusion. The morphological changes in structure of peroneus brevis tendon during the compression between outer wall of calcaneus and the tip of the lateral malleolus correspond with dynamics of common pathologic reactions. Early stages showed signs of

  15. Calcaneal Fractures in Non-Racing Dogs and Cats: Complications, Outcome, and Associated Risk Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Karen L; Adams, Robert J; Woods, Samantha; Bruce, Mieghan

    2017-01-01

    To estimate the prevalence of complications and describe the outcome associated with calcaneal fractures in non-racing dogs and in cats. Retrospective multicenter clinical cohort study. Medical records of client-owned dogs and cats (2004-2013). Medical records were searched and 50 animals with calcaneal fractures were included for analysis. Complications were recorded and an outcome score applied to each fracture. Associations between putative risk factors and both major complications, and final outcome scores were explored. Complications occurred in 27/50 fractures (61%) including 23 major and 4 minor complications. At final follow-up, 4 animals (10%) were sound, 27 (64%) had either intermittent or consistent mild weight-bearing lameness, 7 (17%) had moderate weight-bearing lameness, and 1 (2%) had severe weight-bearing lameness. Fractures managed using plates and screws had a lower risk of complications than fractures managed using pin and tension band wire, lag or positional screws or a combination of these techniques (Relative risk 0.16, 95% CI 0.02-1.02, P=.052). Non-sighthounds had reduced odds of a poorer outcome score than sighthounds (Odds ratio 0.11, 95% CI 0.02-0.50, P=.005) and fractures with major complications had 13 times the odds of a poorer outcome score (Odds ratio 13.4, 95% CI 3.6-59.5, Pdogs and in cats, and a poorer outcome score was more likely in animals with complications. A more guarded prognosis should be given to owners of non-racing dogs or cats with calcaneal fractures than previously applied to racing Greyhounds with calcaneal fractures. © 2016 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  16. Classification of calcaneal fractures by spiral computed tomography: implications for surgical treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linsenmaier, Ulrich; Schoening, Alexander; Rieger, Johannes; Kroetz, Michael; Pfeifer, Klaus Juergen; Reiser, Maximilian [Department of Radiology, Klinikum der Universitaet Muenchen, Nussbaumstrasse 20, 80336, Munich (Germany); Brunner, Ulrich [Department of Surgery, Klinikum der Universitaet, Nussbaumstrasse 20, 80336, Munich (Germany); Department of Surgery, Krankenhaus Agatharied, St.-Agatha-Strasse 1, 83734, Hausham (Germany); Mutschler, Wolf [Department of Surgery, Klinikum der Universitaet, Nussbaumstrasse 20, 80336, Munich (Germany)

    2003-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate spiral computed tomography and multislice CT (SCT/MSCT) with multiplanar reconstructions (MPR) in the classification of calcaneal fractures according to a modified CT classification and to quantify fragment displacement to guide surgical treatment. Forty-eight calcaneal fractures were examined by spiral CT (1- to 2-mm slice thickness, pitch=1.5) with multiplanar reconstructions (MPR). Fractures were grouped according to a modified Munich classification scheme, differentiating six categories of fractures by joint involvement, number of fragments in the posterior facet, and the presence and extent of displacement. A qualitative and quantitative statement was made for the presence of clinical relevant displacement of the posterior articular facet (A: >2 mm), widening of the heel (B: crossing fibular reference line), reduction in calcaneal height (C: >10%), and axis shift of the calcaneocuboid angle (D: >10 ). Treatment recommendations resulting from the CT classification were retrospectively compared with the treatment given by examining the patients' files. There were 10 extra-articular and 38 intra-articular fractures; 8 were in class I (extra-articular, nondisplaced), 2 in class II (extra-articular, displaced), 1 in class III (intra-articular, nondisplaced), 20 in class IV (two fragments), 9 in class V (three fragments), and 8 in class VI (>4 fragments), one of the latter being uncertain; 34 showed displacement of the articular facet, 35 widening of the heel, 35 reduction in calcaneal height, and 20 a shift of the axis. In 94% of the cases the procedure recommended by the Munich system of classification was followed; there was disagreement in 1 case in class I and 1 in class IV. Spiral CT allowed fracture classification and quantification of relevant displacement of fragments by radiologists. The implemented recommendations for treatment were adopted by surgeons in most cases. (orig.)

  17. Effectiveness of footwear and foot orthoses for calcaneal apophysitis: a 12-month factorial randomised trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Alicia M; Williams, Cylie M; Haines, Terry P

    2016-10-01

    Calcaneal apophysitis, is a relatively common cause of heel pain in children. Very few randomised studies have evaluated treatment options. This trial compared the effectiveness of currently employed treatment options for the relief of pain and disability associated with calcaneal apophysitis. Factorial 2×2 randomised comparative effectiveness trial with 1, 2, 6 and 12-month follow-up. Participants were recruited from the caseload of podiatrists at Monash health and Peninsula Health. Children aged 8-14 years with clinically diagnosed calcaneal apophysitis. Treatment factor 1: two different types of in-shoe orthoses: a heel raise or prefabricated orthoses. Treatment factor 2: footwear replacement or no footwear replacement. Our primary outcome was functional disability, the secondary outcomes were pain and ankle dorsiflexion range. A total of 133 children and their parents responded to the recruitment advertisement, 124 participated in the trial.At the 1 and 2-month follow-up points, there was a main effect of the shoe insert (heel raise) in only the physical domain for the Oxford ankle foot questionnaire (p=0.04). At the 6 and 12-month follow-up points, there was no main effect or interaction effect for any outcome measure. This trial indicates at the 2-month time point there is a relative advantage in the use of heel raises over prefabricated orthoses for the treatment for calcaneal apophysitis. At 12 months there was no relative advantage to any one of the investigated treatment choices over another. Therefore, if a physical impact is experienced for greater than 2 months, the selection of treatment choice may defer to clinical judgement, cost-minimisation and or patient preference. ACTRN12609000696291. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  18. Radiographic evaluation of calcaneal fractures: to measure or not to measure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schepers, T.; Patka, P. [Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Department of General Surgery-Traumatology, Room H-974, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Ginai, A.Z. [Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Department of Radiology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Mulder, P.G.H. [Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2007-09-15

    The aim of this study was to correlate the functional outcome after treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture with plain radiography. The design was a prognostic study of a retrospective cohort with concurrent follow-up. A total of 33 patients with a unilateral calcaneal fracture and a minimum follow-up of 13 months participated. Patients filled in three disease-specific questionnaires, graded their satisfaction and the indication for an arthrodesis was noted. Standardised radiographs were made of the previously injured side and the normal (control) side. Different angles and distances were measured on these radiographs and compared with values described in the literature. The differences in values in angles and distances between the injured and uninjured (control) foot were correlated with the outcome of the questionnaires, and the indication for an arthrodesis. None of the angles correlated with the disease-specific outcome scores. Of the angles only the tibiotalar angle correlated with the VAS (r = 0.35, p = 0.045) and only the absolute foot height correlated with the indication for an arthrodesis (odds = 0.70, CI = 0.50-0.99). In this study the radiographic evaluation correlated poorly with the final outcome. Measurements on plain radiographs seem not to be useful in determining outcome after intra-articular calcaneal fractures. (orig.)

  19. Operative compared to non-operative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hadi Nouraei

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of open reduction and rigid internal fixation of dis-placed calcaneal fractures with that of non operative treatment. Methods: Seventy two consecutive patients with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures were selected regarding inclusive and exclusive criteria and then were randomly allocated to surgical and non surgical groups. First group un-derwent open reduction and internal fixation with reconstruction plate and screws fixation and the other group were treated with closed reduction and cast immobilization. Data were collected by clinical observation and a check list. Data was analyzed by chi-square and student′s t-test. Results: The results showed significant difference between outcomes of surgical treatment and nonsurgical me-thod (p = 0.001. There were some differences between two methods in terms of decreasing pain [Odd Ratio (OR: 6.72, p = 0.001], swelling (OR: 6.80, p = 0.001, increased range of motion of the joints (p = 0.001, decreased late osteoarthritis (OR: 2.33, p = 0.22 in favor of surgical group. Conclusions: Open reduction and internal fixation of displaced calcaneal fractures in absence of open fracture, severe osteoporosis, or comminution, poor general condition may be the preferred method of treatment.

  20. Effects of medial and lateral displacement calcaneal osteotomies on tibiotalar joint contact stresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steffensmeier, S J; Saltzman, C L; Berbaum, K S; Brown, T D

    1996-11-01

    Translational calcaneal osteotomies are used clinically to realign the mechanical axis of the lower limb. In this study, the effects of medial and lateral displacements of the posteroinferior fragment on tibiotalar joint contact mechanics were assessed using pressure-sensitive film. Eight osteotomized fresh-frozen cadaver specimens were loaded in each of three testing positions: neutral position (no shift), 1 cm of lateral displacement of the inferior fragment with respect to the superior fragment, and 1 cm of medial displacement of the inferior fragment. For an applied load of 1,330 N, two times body weight, a 1 cm lateral displacement shifted the center of pressure an average of 1.06 mm laterally, whereas a 1 cm medial displacement shifted the center of pressure an average of 1.58 mm medially. While global contact parameters (contact area, spatial mean contact stress, and peak local contact stress) were not appreciably altered by osteotomy, regional contact parameters changed in a reproducible and statistically significant manner. Among four nominally equal-sized, parasagittally bounded cartilage zones, lateral displacements consistently unloaded the most medial zone and increased loading of the most lateral zone; medial calcaneal displacements had the converse effect. These cadaver results suggest that translational calcaneal osteotomies may be used clinically to partially offload focal areas of cartilage along the medial and lateral borders of the tibiotalar joint.

  1. Imaging of chronic osteomyelitis; Chronische Infektionen des Skelettsystems. Bildgebende Diagnostik

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    Glaser, C.; Matzko, M.; Reiser, M. [Klinikum Grosshadern, Muenchen (Germany). Inst. fuer Radiologische Diagnostik

    2000-06-01

    The diagnosis of chronic osteomyelitis is made on the basis of clinical, radiologic and histologic findings. The role of imaging in patients with known chronic osteomyelitis is to detect and to delineate areas of active infection. To correctly interpret the imaging findings, it is essential to take both the individual clinical findings and previous imaging studies into account. Reliable signs of active infection are bone marrow abscess, sequestra and sinus tract formation. Only the combined evaluation of bony changes together with alterations of the adjacent soft tissues provides good diagnostic accuracy. Projection radiography gives an overview of the condition of the bone, which provides the basis for follow-up and the selection of further imaging modalities. Computed tomography can be used to evaluate even discrete or complex bony alterations and to guide percutaneous biopsy or drainage. Magnetic resonance imaging achieves the best diagnostic sensitivity and specificity and provides superior contrast as well as anatomical resolution in both bone marrow and soft tissues. In this paper the features and clinical relevance of imaging in primary chronic osteomyelitis, posttraumatic osteomyelitis, tuberculous spondylitis and osteomyelitis of the diabetic foot are reviewed, with particular respect to MRI. (orig.) [German] Die Diagnose der chronischen Osteomyelitis wird durch Klinik, Bildgebung und Histologie gestellt. Bei bekannter chronischer Osteomyelitis soll die Bildgebung einen floriden Prozess und die betroffenen Kompartimente herausarbeiten. Die Klinik des Patienten, seine individuelle Krankheitskonstellation und die Verlaufsbeobachtung sind essentiell fuer die Befundinterpretation. Erst die kombinierte Beurteilung der Veraenderungen am Knochen selbst sowie die der umgebenden Weichteile fuehrt zu einer validen Aussage. Sichere Zeichen einer floriden Osteomyelitis sind lediglich (Knochenmarks)abzess, Sequester und Fistelgang. Die Projektionsradiographie gibt

  2. Osteomyelitis of the Temporal Bone: Terminology, Diagnosis, and Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Sampath Chandra; Prasad, Kishore Chandra; Kumar, Abhijit; Thada, Nikhil Dinaker; Rao, Pallavi; Chalasani, Satyanarayana

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To review the terminology, clinical features, and management of temporal bone osteomyelitis. Design and Setting Prospective study in a tertiary care center from 2001 to 2008. Participants Twenty patients visiting the outpatient department diagnosed with osteomyelitis of the temporal bone. Main Outcome Measures The age, sex, clinical features, cultured organisms, surgical interventions, and classification were analyzed. Results Of the 20 cases, 2 (10%) were diagnosed as acute otitis media. Eighteen (90%) had chronic otitis media. Nineteen (95%) were classified as medial temporal bone osteomyelitis and one (5%) as lateral temporal osteomyelitis. The most common clinical features were ear discharge (100%), pain (83%), and granulations (100%). Facial nerve palsy was seen in seven cases (35%) and parotid involvement in one case. Ten patients (56%) had diabetes mellitus. The organisms isolated were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (80%) and Staphylococcus aureus (13.33%). Histopathology revealed chronic inflammation in 20 patients (100%) and osteomyelitic bony changes in 14 (70%). Surgical debridement was the most preferred modality of treatment (87%). Conclusion A new classification of temporal bone osteomyelitis has been proposed. Bacterial cultures must be performed in all patients. Antibiotic therapy is the treatment of choice. Surgical intervention is necessary in the presence of severe pain, complications, refractory cases, or the presence of bony sequestra on radiology. PMID:25302143

  3. Microbiota associated with chronic osteomyelitis of the jaws

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    Elerson Gaetti-Jardim Júnior

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Chronic osteomyelitis of maxilla and mandible is rare in industrialized countries and its occurrence in developing countries is associated with trauma and surgery, and its microbial etiology has not been studied thoroughly. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the microbiota associated with osteomyelitis of mandible or maxilla from some Brazilian patients. After clinical and radiographic evaluation, samples of bone sequestra, purulent secretion, and biopsies of granulomatous tissues from twenty-two patients with chronic osteomyelitis of mandible and maxilla were cultivated and submitted for pathogen detection by using a PCR method. Each patient harbored a single lesion. Bacterial isolation was performed on fastidious anaerobe agar supplemented with hemin, menadione and horse blood for anaerobes; and on tryptic soy agar supplemented with yeast extract and horse blood for facultative bacteria and aerobes. Plates were incubated in anaerobiosis and aerobiosis, at 37ºC for 14 and 3 days, respectively. Bacteria were cultivated from twelve patient samples; and genera Actinomyces, Fusobacterium, Parvimonas, and Staphylococcus were the most frequent. By PCR, bacterial DNA was detected from sixteen patient samples. The results suggest that cases of chronic osteomyelitis of the jaws are usually mixed anaerobic infections, reinforcing the concept that osteomyelitis of the jaws are mainly related to microorganisms from the oral environment, and periapical and periodontal infections may act as predisposing factors.

  4. Retropharyngeal abscess with secondary osteomyelitis and epidural abscess: proposed pathophysiological mechanism of an underrecognized complication of unstable craniocervical injuries: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulart, Carlos R; Mattei, Tobias A; Fiore, Mariano E; Thoman, William J; Mendel, Ehud

    2016-01-01

    Because of the proximity of the oropharynx (a naturally contaminated region) to the spinal structures of the craniocervical junction, it is possible that small mucosal lacerations in the oropharynx caused by unstable traumatic craniocervical injuries may become contaminated and lead to secondary infection and osteomyelitis. In this report, the authors describe the case of a previously healthy and immunocompetent patient who developed a large retropharyngeal abscess with spinal osteomyelitis after a high-energy craniocervical injury. This unusual report of osteomyelitis with a delayed presentation after a high-energy traumatic injury of the craniocervical junction highlights the possibility of direct injury to a specific area in the oropharyngeal mucosa adjacent to the osteoligamentous structures of the craniocervical junction, an overall underrecognized complication of unstable craniocervical injuries.

  5. Garre's chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis of the sacrum: a rare condition mimicking malignancy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nasir, N

    2012-02-03

    Garre\\'s chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis (DSOM) is a rare disease that occurs most commonly in the mandible. We present a case of sacral DSOM that simulated an expanding destructive sacral tumour. Treatment was conducted on the basis of the available experience with the mandibular form of the disease, with partial symptomatic relief, but progressive sclerosis of the sacral lesion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case initially presenting in the sacrum. As an osteolytic expanding lesion simulating malignancy, it is important to recognize this entity in the sacrum.

  6. A case report on chronic osteomyelitis of the right tibia in a pediatric male patient and its management

    OpenAIRE

    C Keerthana; T H Indu; Jaya Ganeshamoorthy; Ponnusankar Sivasankaran

    2017-01-01

    The present case explains the treatment strategies followed for a chronic osteomyelitis case of a pediatric patient in a secondary care public hospital, Ooty, Tamil Nadu, India. He was presented with the complaints of pain and swelling on the right leg, which was treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac and ibuprofen. Similarly, the tissue abscess observed was managed with parenteral antibiotics such as cefotaxime and amikacin. Surgery was done to remove the devasc...

  7. SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF OSTEOMYELITIS IN LEPROSY PATIENTS BY HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE

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    D. Chakraborty

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis, a major complication of neuropathic feet in leprosy may occur as a result of infiltration of Mycobacterium leprae in the periosteum of bones or due to secondary bacterial infection of chronic plantar ulcer. There is no effective treatment for healing of planter ulcer and osteomyelitis. Keeping in mind of the limitation of conservative treatment, twenty patients who completed with multi drug therapy but suffering from neuropathic foot with ulcer was treated with Mercurius solubilis, a homoeopathic medicine in 200 potency for one year. All these patients had different degrees of osteomyelitic changes and after treatment showed regeneration and remodeling of bones which may be considered as significant improvement. Based on the radiological finding it may be concluded that Mercurius solubilis found to be effective in the treatment of osteomyelitis in leprosy affected patients.

  8. Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis in the lower jaw

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    Yen-Ching Chang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis (Garré’s sclerosing osteomyelitis is a distinctive type of chronic osteomyelitis that mainly affects children and young adults. Here we report on a 9-year-old girl in whom the condition arose following a pulpoperiapical infection in a mandibular right primary secondary molar. Clinically, it manifested as a bony, hard, mildly tender swelling. Radiography revealed a pathognomonic patchy thickening with radiolucency and radiopacity. The dental inflammation and infection were eliminated and conservative therapy followed. The patient was otherwise asymptomatic. Remission of the disease process and reappearance of a normal-looking mandible was observed with computed tomography imaging, three-dimensional reconstruction and a bone scan at a 10-month follow up visit.

  9. Infected cephalohematomas and underlying osteomyelitis: a case-based review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staudt, Michael D; Etarsky, Daniel; Ranger, Adrianna

    2016-08-01

    Cephalohematomas are relatively common sub-periosteal collections of blood that tend to resolve spontaneously without treatment. Rarely, they become infected and can be associated with underlying osteomyelitis, meningitis, or sepsis. Common pathogens include Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus species. This report describes the first case of a neonate developing an infected right parietal cephalohematoma and underlying osteomyelitis caused by Morganella morganii, which was cultured in blood and cephalohematoma aspirate. This infant male, whose risk factors included vacuum extraction during delivery and suspected post-natal pneumonia, responded well to a 6-week course of intravenous meropenem with complete resolution of both lesions. When an infected cephalohematoma is suspected, aspiration of hematoma fluid should be performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Infectious symptoms should warrant prompt investigation and treatment, which may include drainage, debridement, and antibiotics. This report demonstrates that the combination of an infected cephalohematoma and underlying osteomyelitis might not be as uncommon as previously believed.

  10. SPECT/CT in the Diagnosis of Skull Base Osteomyelitis

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    Damle, Nishikant Avinash; Kumar, Rakesh; Kumar, Praveen; Jaganthan, Sriram; Patnecha, Manish; Bal, Chandrasekhar; Bandopadhyaya, Gurupad; Malhotra, Arun [All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (India)

    2011-09-15

    Skull base osteomyelitis is a potentially fatal disease. We demonstrate here the utility of SPECT/CT in diagnosing this entity, which was not obvious on a planar bone scan. A {sup 99mT}c MDP bone scan with SPECT/CT was carried out on a patient with clinically suspected skull base osteomyelitis. Findings were correlated with contrast enhanced CT (CECT) and MRI. Planar images were equivocal, but SPECT/CT showed intense uptake in the body of sphenoid and petrous temporal bone as well as the atlas corresponding to irregular bone destruction on CT and MRI. These findings indicate that SPECT/CT may have an additional role beyond planar imaging in the detection of skull base osteomyelitis.

  11. Staphylococcal diaphyseal subacute osteomyelitis of the ulna in a child: an unusual cause of post-traumatic forearm swelling.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kearns, S R

    2004-01-01

    Paediatric subacute osteomyelitis (SAO) presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to clinicians. Typically located in the metaphysis of long bones, diaphyseal SAO of the upper limb is rare. We present the case of a three-year-old girl referred to our fracture clinic as an occult fracture following trauma to her forearm with normal initial radiographs. Follow-up radiographs one week later showed cortical erosion of the distal ulna, while a subsequent MRI scan showed soft tissue swelling with an area of high signal in the distal ulna. A limited biopsy diagnosed staphylococcal subacute osteomyelitis of the ulna. The patient responded to high dose antibiotic therapy and made a full recovery. We present this case to highlight the high index of suspicion required to diagnose and appropriately manage this insidious condition, which may easily be confused with any number of benign and malignant bony lesions and provide a review of the relevant literature.

  12. Childhood osteomyelitis-incidence and differentiation from other acute onset musculoskeletal features in a population-based study

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    Reiseter Tor

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Osteomyelitis can be difficult to diagnose and there has previously not been a prospective approach to identify all children in a defined geographic area. The aim of this study was to assess the annual incidence of osteomyelitis in children, describe the patient and disease characteristics in those with acute ( Methods In a population-based Norwegian study physicians were asked to refer all children with suspected osteomyelitis. Children with osteomyelitis received follow-up at six weeks, six months and thereafter as long as clinically needed. Results The total annual incidence rate of osteomyelitis was 13 per 100 000 (acute osteomyelitis 8 and subacute osteomyelitis 5 per 100 000. The incidence was higher in patients under the age of 3 than in older children (OR 2.9, 95%: CI 2.3–3.7. The incidence of non-vertebral osteomyelitis was higher than the incidence of vertebral osteomyelitis (10 vs. 3 per 100 000; p = .002. Vertebral osteomyelitis was more frequent in girls than in boys (OR 7.0, 95%: CI 3.3–14.7. ESR ≥ 40 mm/hr had the highest positive predictive laboratory value to identify osteomyelitis patients at 26% and MRI had a positive predictive value of 85%. Long-bone infection was found in 16 (43% patients. ESR, CRP, white blood cell count, neutrophils and platelet count were higher for patients with acute osteomyelitis than for patients with subacute osteomyelitis. Subacute findings on MRI and doctor's delay were more common in subacute osteomyelitis than in acute osteomyelitis patients. Blood culture was positive in 26% of the acute osteomyelitis patients and was negative in all the subacute osteomyelitis patients. Conclusion The annual incidence of osteomyelitis in Norway remains high. ESR values and MRI scan may help to identify osteomyelitis patients and differentiate acute and subacute osteomyelitis.

  13. Diabetic charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle with osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramanujam, Crystal L; Stapleton, John J; Zgonis, Thomas

    2014-10-01

    One of the most devastating foot and/or ankle complications in the diabetic population with peripheral neuropathy is the presence of Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). In recent years, diabetic limb salvage has been attempted more frequently as opposed to major lower extremity amputation for CN of the foot and ankle with ulceration and/or deep infection. Treatment strategies for osteomyelitis in the diabetic population have evolved. This article reviews some of the most common surgical strategies recommended for the diabetic patient with CN of the foot and/or ankle and concomitant osteomyelitis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Differential diagnosis of trampoline fracture from osteomyelitis by bone scan with pinhole collimator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauthé, Mathieu; Mestas, Danielle; Canavese, Federico; Samba, Antoine; Cachin, Florent

    2014-02-01

    A 2-year-old girl with recent history of trampoline fall presented to the A&E Department for complete functional impairment of the left lower extremity and fever. Blood examination revealed an inflammatory syndrome, while plain radiographs were normal. As magnetic resonance imaging was unavailable, a bone scintigraphy was performed. While standard acquisition found an intense uptake focused on the left proximal tibial metaphysis whose appearance was suggestive of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis, complementary acquisition with the pinhole collimator demonstrated that this abnormal uptake was clearly distinct from the cartilage growth plate. One month follow-up radiographs showed a fracture that confirmed the diagnosis of trampoline fracture.

  15. Unusual Case of Occult Brucella Osteomyelitis in the Skull Detected by Bone Scintigraphy

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    Sohn, Myung Hee; Lim, Seok Tae; Jeong, Young Jin; Kim, Dong Wook; Jeong, Hwan Jeong; Lee, Chang Seob [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    Brucellosis is a worldwide infectious disease of animals that can be transmitted to humans. Osteoarticular involvement is the most common complication of brucellosis. A 47-year-old man, who was a stock breeder, complained of myalgia with fever and chills for 2 weeks. The serology titers and blood cultures for brucellosis were positive. Bone scintigraphy demonstrated a focally increased uptake in the left supra orbital area. Plain radiographs showed an osteolytic lesion, and an MRI revealed signal abnormalities in the corresponding site. We present an unusual case of occult Brucella osteomyelitis in the frontal bone of the skull detected by done scintigraphy.

  16. Inflammatory Metastatic Carcinoma of Sternum Mimicking Sternal Osteomyelitis with Gas Gangrene

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    Choo, Ji Yung; Je, Bo Kyung; Lee, Ki Yeol; Kim, Baek Hyun [Dept. of Radiology, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan Hospital, Ansan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Bum [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Dongshin Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    Inflammatory metastasis is a metastatic tumor associated with fever, skin changes, soft tissue inflammation, and laboratory abnormalities, suggesting an inflammation that obscures the underlying malignancy. We report a 69-year-old male with inflammatory metastatic carcinoma of sternum. He presented with clinical findings mimicking osteomyelitis of the sternum. The chest CT scan showed the parasternal soft tissue masses and cortical disruption of sternum which was continuous with air bubbles spreading through the pectoralis muscles. He was diagnosed as poorly-differentiated carcinoma with unknown origin.

  17. Alternaria alternata infection associated osteomyelitis of maxilla: A rare disease entity

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    Vidhi Chhabra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Alternaria alternata is one of the rarest fungi associated with paranasal sinusitis. Alternaria species are pigmented (also known as dematiaceous or phaeoid filamentous fungi, which are well-known soil saprophytes and plant pathogens that infrequently cause infection in humans mainly, cutaneous lesions. We present a case of osteomyelitis of maxilla caused by a rare fungus- A. alternata in a diabetic patient with poor glycemic control who was successfully treated with antifungal and surgical debridement over the period of 6 months.

  18. Osteomyelitis of the mandibular symphysis caused by brown recluse spider bite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidu, Deepak K; Ghurani, Rami; Salas, R Emerick; Mannari, Rudolph J; Robson, Martin C; Payne, Wyatt G

    2008-08-28

    Brown recluse spider bites cause significant trauma via their tissue toxic venom. Diagnosis of these injuries and envenomation is difficult and many times presumptive. Treatment is varied and dependent upon presentation and course of injury. We present a case of a previously unreported incidence of osteomyelitis of the mandible as a result of a brown recluse spider bite. A review of the literature and discussion of diagnosis and treatment of brown recluse spider bites are presented. Osteomyelitis of the mandible causing a chronic wound was the presenting finding of a patient with a history of spider bite and exposure to brown recluse spiders. Operative debridement and wound closure resulted in successful treatment. Brown recluse spider envenomation varies in its presentation and treatment is based on the presenting clinical picture. Treatment regimens for brown recluse spider bite envenomation should include the basics of wound care. Systemic antibiotics, topical antimicrobials, dapsone, and surgical debridement are valuable adjuncts of treatment, as indicated, based on the clinical course.

  19. Multiresistant-MRSA tricuspid valve infective endocarditis with ancient osteomyelitis locus

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    Gambarati Gianpaolo

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA with low susceptibility to glycopeptides is uncommon. Case presentation The case of a 50-year-old non-drug addict patient presenting with tricuspid valve infective endocarditis (IE by MRSA resistant to vancomycin and linezolid is presented. There was response only to quinupristin/dalfopristin. He had a motorcycling accident four years before undergoing right above-the-knee amputation and orthopaedic fixation of the left limb. There were multiple episodes of left MRSA-osteomyelitis controlled after surgery and vancomycin therapy. MRSA isolated from the blood at the time of IE presented with the same profile than the isolated four years earlier. Sequential treatment with teicoplanin-cotrimoxazole and Linezolid associated to vancomycin – rifampicin – cotrimoxazole had no improvement. Infection was controlled after 28 days of therapy with quinupristin/dalfopristin. Conclusion The literature presents only a few cases of MRSA IE not susceptible to glycopeptides in not drug addicted patients. This case shows the comparison of a highly-resistant MRSA after previous S. aureus osteomyelitis treated with glycopeptides. This is the first description of successful treatment of resistant-MRSA IE of the tricuspid valve complicated by multiple pulmonary septic infarction with quinupristin/dalfopristin

  20. [Early Results of Adjuvant Topical Treatment of Recurrent Osteomyelitis with Absorbable Antibiotic Carriers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gramlich, Y; Walter, G; Gils, J; Hoffmann, R

    2017-02-01

    Background Treatment of musculoskeletal infections principally consists of radical surgical debridement and systemic administration of antibiotics. Additional local antibiotic therapy is not yet generally established, and lacks evidence-based proof of efficacy. Nonetheless, there are a variety of practical approaches, as most specialised departments are unwilling to forego this option. The established polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) carrier system has a number of practical disadvantages. This has led to the increased use of absorbable carrier systems, and those based on calcium sulphate have given particularly encouraging results. In this article, we present our experience with this procedure in the treatment of osteomyelitis. There is currently no standard procedure or algorithm for the use of local antibiotic carriers in the treatment of recurrent osteomyelitis. Material and Methods Between February 2014 and May 2015, a total of 93 patients were treated with an absorbable carrier of topical antibiotics based on calcium sulphate. These patients had suffered from a recurrence of osteomyelitis that had been unsuccessfully treated by the primary implantation of a PMMA chain and systemic antibiotics. The treatment algorithm consisted of radical debridement, followed by implantation of a commercial PMMA chain. If no remission of the infection was observed, the chains were surgically removed and replaced with an absorbable carrier system and antibiotics chosen in accordance with the resistogram. Pursuant to the classification of Cierny and Mader, 10 patients were classified as type I, 5 as type II, 55 as type III and 23 as type IV. The mean follow-up period was 11 months. Two carrier systems, Osteoset® and Herafill®, were purchased from Wright Medical Technology Inc., Arlington, TN, USA and Heraeus Medical GmbH, Wehrheim, Germany, respectively. These were used as supplied for tobramycin and gentamycin. In the case of Osteoset, it was also possible to add an additional

  1. Ecomorphological analysis of the astragalo-calcaneal complex in rodents and inferences of locomotor behaviours in extinct rodent species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hautier, Lionel; Marivaux, Laurent; Vianey-Liaud, Monique

    2016-01-01

    Studies linking postcranial morphology with locomotion in mammals are common. However, such studies are mostly restricted to caviomorphs in rodents. We present here data from various families, belonging to the three main groups of rodents (Sciuroidea, Myodonta, and Ctenohystrica). The aim of this study is to define morphological indicators for the astragalus and calcaneus, which allow for inferences to be made about the locomotor behaviours in rodents. Several specimens were dissected and described to bridge the myology of the leg with the morphology of the bones of interest. Osteological characters were described, compared, mechanically interpreted, and correlated with a “functional sequence” comprising six categories linked to the lifestyle and locomotion (jumping, cursorial, generalist, fossorial, climber and semi-aquatic). Some character states are typical of some of these categories, especially arboreal climbers, fossorial and “cursorial-jumping” taxa. Such reliable characters might be used to infer locomotor behaviours in extinct species. Linear discriminant analyses (LDAs) were used on a wider sample of species and show that astragalar and calcaneal characters can be used to discriminate the categories among extant species whereas a posteriori inferences on extinct species should be examined with caution. PMID:27761303

  2. Ecomorphological analysis of the astragalo-calcaneal complex in rodents and inferences of locomotor behaviours in extinct rodent species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Ginot

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Studies linking postcranial morphology with locomotion in mammals are common. However, such studies are mostly restricted to caviomorphs in rodents. We present here data from various families, belonging to the three main groups of rodents (Sciuroidea, Myodonta, and Ctenohystrica. The aim of this study is to define morphological indicators for the astragalus and calcaneus, which allow for inferences to be made about the locomotor behaviours in rodents. Several specimens were dissected and described to bridge the myology of the leg with the morphology of the bones of interest. Osteological characters were described, compared, mechanically interpreted, and correlated with a “functional sequence” comprising six categories linked to the lifestyle and locomotion (jumping, cursorial, generalist, fossorial, climber and semi-aquatic. Some character states are typical of some of these categories, especially arboreal climbers, fossorial and “cursorial-jumping” taxa. Such reliable characters might be used to infer locomotor behaviours in extinct species. Linear discriminant analyses (LDAs were used on a wider sample of species and show that astragalar and calcaneal characters can be used to discriminate the categories among extant species whereas a posteriori inferences on extinct species should be examined with caution.

  3. THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON DURABILITY OF THE CALCANEAL TENDON AND THE PATHOMECHANISM OF ITS ATRAUMATIC, SUBCUTANEOUS BREAK

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    K. Skiba

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The pathology of the calcaneal tendon (Achilles presents a serious medical and social problem. This tendon is the strongest plantar flexor of the foot that plays a fundamental role in the accomplishment of human gait. Although this role has long been recognized, neither in medical nor in biomechanical literature can one find a clear description of subcutaneous break of the Achilles tendon. Its pathomechanism and the causes have not been fully accounted for. Many authors concentrate mainly on medical and biological aspects of the damage of the Achilles tendon.They often claim that the vasculature of the tendon itself plays a significant role in the pathogenesis, because the blood supply to the tendon changes with human age, decreasing substantially after the age of 30, leading both to regressive changes in the tendon as well as to a reduction of the tendon’s mechanical strength. The refore a comprehensive description and explanation of this phenomenon needs an interdisciplinary approach, taking into account not only the medical and biological aspects, but also the mechanics sensu largo. The aim of the paper is to put forward a complete description of the pathomechanism of the Achilles tendon spontaneous break, within the framework of its mechanics. The conclusions are based upon a kinematical analysis of the knee joint, a trajectory determination of the point of origin of the gastrocnemius from the initial position of 90 degrees bent up to the full knee extension, and an experimental examination of uniaxial stretching of the Achilles tendon.

  4. Metaphyseal osteomyelitis in children: how often does MRI-documented joint effusion or epiphyseal extension of edema indicate coexisting septic arthritis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schallert, Erica K.; Kan, J.H.; Monsalve, Johanna; Zhang, Wei; Bisset, George S. [Texas Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Houston, TX (United States); Rosenfeld, Scott [Texas Children' s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Houston, TX (United States)

    2015-08-15

    Joint effusions identified by MRI may accompany osteomyelitis and determining whether the joint effusion is septic or reactive has important implications on patient care. Determine the incidence of epiphyseal marrow edema, joint effusions, perisynovial edema and epiphyseal non-enhancement in the setting of pediatric metaphyseal osteomyelitis and whether this may be used to predict coexisting septic arthritis. Following IRB approval, we retrospectively evaluated children who underwent MRI and orthopedic surgical consultation for suspected musculoskeletal infection between January 2011 and September 2013. Criteria for inclusion in the study were microbiologically/pathologically proven infection, MRI prior to surgical intervention, long bone involvement and age 0-18 years. MRI exams were independently reviewed by two faculty pediatric radiologists to confirm the presence of appendicular metaphyseal osteomyelitis, to evaluate extent of edema, to determine subjective presence of a joint effusion and to assess perisynovial edema and epiphyseal non-enhancement. Any discrepant readings were reviewed in consensus. Charts and operative notes were reviewed to confirm the diagnosis of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. One hundred and three joints with metaphyseal osteomyelitis were identified (mean age: 7.1 years; M:F 1.3:1), of whom 53% (55/103) had joint effusions, and of those, 75% (41/55) had surgically confirmed septic arthritis. The incidence of coexisting septic arthritis was 40% in the setting of epiphyseal edema, 74% in epiphyseal edema and effusion, 75% with perisynovial edema, 76% with epiphyseal non-enhancement and 77% when all four variables were present. Of these, the only statistically significant variable, however, was the presence of a joint effusion with a P-value of <0.0001 via Fisher exact test. Statistical significance for coexisting septic arthritis was also encountered when cases were subdivided into intra-articular vs. extra-articular metaphyses (P

  5. Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis of the elderly: Characteristics and outcomes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Courjon

    Full Text Available The incidence of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO has increased over the past two decades. One possible cause of this increase is the aging of the population, which results in more comorbidities in high income countries.To better characterize the clinical presentation and outcome of PVO in the elderly.We conducted a post-hoc analysis of a previously published trial that studied treatment duration in PVO and compared the presentation and outcomes according to age.Our analysis included 351 patients among whom 85 (24% were 75-years-old or more.There were no significant differences in the socio-demographics of the patients. Neoplasia and chronic inflammatory diseases were more common in the older group: 34% vs. 19% (p = 0.021 and 9% versus 1% (p = 0.004, respectively. There were no significant differences in clinical and radiological presentations between the groups in terms of back pain (337/351, 97%, fever (182/351, 52%, PVO localization, neurological signs and epidural abscess. Associated infective endocarditis (IE was more frequent in the older group (37% vs. 14%, p<0.001. Streptococci were more frequently involved in infections of older patients (29% vs. 14%, p = 0.003 in contrast to Staphylococcus aureus (31% vs. 45%, p = 0.03. Older patients displayed higher mortality rates at 1 year (21% vs. 3%, p<0.001 and more adverse events related to cardiorespiratory failure (10.6% vs. 3.8%, p = 0.025, but had similar quality of life among the survivors.During PVO, the clinical and radiological findings are similar in older patients. Global mortality rates are higher in older patients compared to younger patients, which could be explained by the increased frequency of neoplasia at diagnosis and higher prevalence of associated IE in the elderly.

  6. Streptococcus bovis septic arthritis and osteomyelitis: A report of 21 cases and a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-País, María José; Rabuñal, Ramón; Armesto, Victor; López-Reboiro, Manuel; García-Garrote, Fernando; Coira, Amparo; Pita, Julia; Rodríguez-Macías, Ana Isabel Bd; López-Álvarez, María José; Alonso, María Pilar; Corredoira, Juan

    2016-06-01

    The Streptococcus bovis group (SBG) is a well-known cause of endocarditis, but its role in osteoarticular infections (OAIs) has not been well described. We analyzed all patients with OAIs by SBG diagnosed in our hospital (1988-2014). We selected those cases with septic arthritis and osteomyelitis, as defined according to clinical, microbiological, and imaging studies. Identification of the strains was performed by using the API 20 Strep and the GP card of the Vitek 2 system, and confirmed the identification by molecular methods. In addition, we reviewed the literature to select all cases of OAI by SBG during the period 1980-2015. From the 83 cases of OAI included in the analysis (21 from our center and 62 from the literature review), 59 were osteomyelitis (57 of them spondylodiscitis) and 24 were arthritis (2 with associated spondylodiscitis). The mean age was 66.9 years, and 79.2% of the patients were men. Endocarditis (IE) was associated with 59% of the cases and this association was greater for osteomyelitis than for arthritis (78.9% vs. 13.6%; P = 0.001). OAI was a presenting symptom in 63% of the cases of IE. Colonoscopy was performed in 64 cases, which detected colorectal neoplasm (CRN) in 46 patients (71.8%), almost all asymptomatic. Some 69.5% of these neoplasm were carcinomas or advanced adenomas. The blood cultures were positive in 78.3% cases. In 45 cases, the S. bovis species was identified; in 82.2% of the cases the cause was Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus. The mortality was 7.2%, which in no case was attributable to the OAI. OAIs are frequently the initial manifestation of IE caused by SBG. S. gallolyticus causes most of these infections. Echocardiogram and colonoscopy are therefore mandatory, given the species' close association with IE and CRN. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Management of chronic osteomyelitis in a developing country using ceftriaxone-PMMA beads: an initial study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonge, T O; Ogunlade, S O; Omololu, A B; Fashina, A N; Oluwatosin, A

    2002-04-01

    Chronic osteomyelitis is a debilitating disease that is fairly common in developing countries. Various operative techniques have been adopted in the management of this disease but there have been few reports of their use in Africa. In this report, we present our experience of the use of a modified two-staged Belfast operation in patients with chronic osteomyelitis in Ibadan, Nigeria. An important modification of the procedure was the substitution of gentamicin beads (Septopal) with ceftriaxone-polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) beads at the saucerised segment of bone at the first stage. Thirty-four patients with chronic osteomyelitis had the two-stage Belfast operation in 35 long bones; of these, 32 patients had ceftriaxone-PMMA antibiotic beads inserted at the saucerised segment of bone at the first stage, while the other two patients had gentamicin beads inserted. One of the two patients who had gentamicin beads had a residual collection of pus at second stage surgery but, following a repeat debridement, the cavity was rid of infection. There was recurrence of infection in three patients (8.6%) who had a suction drain inserted at the first stage and in six patients (17.1%) who had no suction drain at the first stage. The locally produced ceftriaxone-PMMA beads were found to be as efficient as the commercially available gentamicin beads in eluting antibiotics locally, thereby eliminating the residual infection in the bone cavities after the first stage. Another important outcome was a fourfold saving in cost in choosing to use ceftriaxone-PMMA beads rather than gentamicin beads.

  8. Not by the Red on My Chinny Chin Chin: A Case of Mandibular Osteomyelitis in a 5-Year-Old Girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallin, Dina; Kienstra, Andrew J

    2016-05-01

    Osteomyelitis is not an uncommon emergency department diagnosis in pediatric patients, and most cases are in the lower extremities. Children can present with acute, subacute, or chronic erythema, pain, swelling, or decreased use of the extremity; some patients will also have fever or elevated serum inflammatory markers, or both. We present the case of a healthy 5-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department with 3 weeks of painless chin swelling and 2 days of erythema and pain. While laboratory testing was normal, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated osteomyelitis of the mandible, later confirmed by biopsy. After 4 weeks of intravenous antibiotics and an additional 2 weeks of oral antibiotics, the patient recovered completely without any residual findings. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: This case demonstrates that osteomyelitis can develop in previously healthy, fully vaccinated children with competent immune systems. Systemic findings (ie, fever and elevated serum inflammatory markers) may be absent, and osteomyelitis should always be considered in the differential diagnosis for a child presenting with subacute to chronic cutaneous findings without other clear explanation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Septic arthritis and osteomyelitis due to Bordetella petrii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogi, Masayuki; Bankowski, Matthew J; Pien, Francis D

    2015-03-01

    A case of Bordetella petrii septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in an elbow resulted from a dirt bike accident in Hawaii. Two months of intravenous antibiotics and repeated surgeries were required to cure this infection. Our case, and literature review, suggests that extended-spectrum penicillins, tetracycline, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole are good treatment options. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  10. Epidemiologic and clinical aspects of osteomyelitis in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Medical treatment as well as local care were not sufficient to prevent pathologic fractures in 18.9% of patients. Conclusion: Acute osteomyelitis appears at all ages but is more predominant in young teenagers. Sickle cell disease is the most frequent co-morbidity. HIV immunodepression can be associated. Tuberculosis ...

  11. Chronic pyogenic osteomyelitis of long bones at specialized hospital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Patients and methods: Case records of patients who were managed for chronic osteomyelitis between January 2009 and December 2011 at Nongu u Kristu u I Ser u sha Tar (NKST) Rehabilitation Hospital, Mkar, were retrieved from the Medical Records Department and analyzed retrospectively for age, gender, bones ...

  12. Osteomyelitis of the pubic ramus misdiagnosed as septic arthritis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Subsequent re-evaluation upon referral was carried out using CT scan and MRI which clarified the diagnosis. The lesion was explored, the pus drained and necrotic material excised. The patient was subsequently managed on antibiotics with complete resolution. The rarity of pelvic osteomyelitis in childhood is stressed and ...

  13. An orbital fistula complicating anaerobic frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. Simonsz (Huib); H.J.F. Peeters; G.M. Bleeker

    1982-01-01

    textabstractA patient is described with an orbital fistula complicating frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. The fistula was excised, but a fortnight later an acute exacerbation occurred. From the discharging pus a Staphylococcus aureus was cultured and from mucosa obtained

  14. Chronic osteomyelitis at Tikur Anbessa hospital, Addis Ababa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main isolate was Staph. Aureus and most of the organisms were resistant to the common antibiotics. Sequestrectomy had been done only in 73 (16.5%) of the patients. Conclusion: Osteomyelitis is a common, persistent and serious problem, and attention should be given to the preventable forms. There should be a ...

  15. SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF OSTEOMYELITIS IN LEPROSY PATIENTS BY HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    D. Chakraborty; T. Chakraborty; J. Sengupta

    2013-01-01

    ..., a homoeopathic medicine in 200 potency for one year. All these patients had different degrees of osteomyelitic changes and after treatment showed regeneration and remodeling of bones which may be considered as significant improvement. Based on the radiological finding it may be concluded that Mercurius solubilis found to be effective in the treatment of osteomyelitis in leprosy affected patients.

  16. One stage treatment of chronic osteomyelitis using antibiotic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We sought to determine if a single staged procedure would effectively address the logistic problems in our environment. Methods: this was a prospective study involving 15 patients with established chronic osteomyelitis (13 type A and 2 type B). Each patient had radical debridement and dead-space management using ...

  17. Vertebral osteomyelitis associated with cat-scratch disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulzebos, CV; Koetse, HA; Kimpen, JLL; Wolfs, TFW

    We describe a patient with vertebral osteomyelitis and paravertebral soft-tissue collections associated with cat-scratch disease (CSD). Diagnosis was established on the basis of histologic examination and serological and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. Treatment consisted of administration of

  18. The MRI appearances of early vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunbar, J.A.T.; Sandoe, J.A.T. [Department of Microbiology, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom); Rao, A.S. [Department of Orthopaedics, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom); Crimmins, D.W. [Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom); Baig, W. [Department of Cardiology, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom); Rankine, J.J., E-mail: james.rankine@leedsth.nhs.u [Department of Radiology, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX (United Kingdom); Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds (United Kingdom)

    2010-12-15

    Aim: To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances in patients with a clinical history suggestive of vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis who underwent MRI very early in their clinical course. Materials and methods: A retrospective review of the database of spinal infections from a spinal microbiological liaison team was performed over a 2 year period to identify cases with clinical features suggestive of spinal infection and an MRI that did not show features typical of vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis. All patients had positive microbiology and a follow up MRI showing typical features of spinal infection. Results: In four cases the features typical of spinal infection were not evident at the initial MRI. In three cases there was very subtle endplate oedema associated with disc degeneration, which was interpreted as Modic type I degenerative endplate change. Intravenous antibiotic therapy was continued prior to repeat MRI examinations. The mean time to the repeat examination was 17 days with a range of 8-22 days. The second examinations clearly demonstrated vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis. Conclusion: Although MRI is the imaging method of choice for vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis in the early stages, it may show subtle, non-specific endplate subchondral changes; a repeat examination may be required to show the typical features.

  19. Forbedret diagnostik af osteomyelitis hos børn?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afzelius, Pia; Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl

    Osteomyelitis er en alvorlig sygdom. Tidlig diagnose og påbegyndelse af behandlingen er vigtigt for at forhindre sygdomsudviklingen og for at reducere potentielt alvorlige komplikationer. Konventionel røntgenundersøgelse udført tidligt i forløbet kan ikke udelukke akut osteomyelitis. MRI......, knogleskintigrafi og CT er centrale billeddiagnostiske metoder til diagnostik af akut osteomyelitis hos børn. MRI betragtes ofte som værende den bedste billeddannende metode, men er ikke altid tilgængelig og kræver anæstesi af små børn. Knogleskintigrafi påviser osteoblastaktivitet og anses for at være yderst...... sensitiv men er ikke særlig specifik. 18F-fluordeoxyglucose (FDG) PET har måske den højeste diagnostiske nøjagtighed for bekræftelse/udelukkelse af kronisk osteomyelitis sammenlignet med knogleskintigrafi, MRI og leukocytskintigrafi. Imidlertid har de fleste studier kun anvendt 18F-FDG PET ved mistanke om...

  20. A Case of Osteomyelitis of the toe caused by Coccidioidomycosis in a 17 year-old with Diabetes Insipidus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmer Khalid

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 17-year-old male who presented with pain in his right first toe. His pain and swelling had worsened and x-rays of his foot revealed erosive changes of the great toe distal phalanx suggesting possible osteomyelitis. His co-morbidities were morbid obesity and diabetes insipidus. He was admitted to the hospital, blood cultures were drawn, and he was started on vancomycin for presumed bacterial osteomyelitis. He underwent incision and drainage of the fluctuant abscess of the toe, where a culture of the wound was taken. Preliminary results grew fungi. Being located in an endemic area, he was started on anti-fungal treatment for presumed disseminated coccidioidomycosis; culture was positive for Coccidiodes immitis. He also had serology positive for coccidioidomycosis titers. He had uneventful hospital stay and was discharged on long-term oral antifungal therapy.

  1. Normal skeletal development and imaging pitfalls of the calcaneal apophysis: MRI features

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rossi, Ignacio [Musculoskeletal Research Fellow at NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Centro de Diagnostico Dr. Enrique Rossi, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Rosenberg, Zehava [NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Zember, Jonathan [Albert Einstein College of Medicine Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY (United States)

    2016-04-15

    Heel pain in children and secondary MR imaging (MRI) of the hindfoot have been increasing in incidence. Our purpose is to illustrate the, previously unreported, MRI stages in development of the posterior calcaneal apophysis, with attention to imaging pitfalls. This should aid in distinguishing normal growth from true disease. Consecutive ankle MRIs in children <18 years, from 2008-2014, were subdivided into 0≤5, 5≤10, 10≤15 and 15≤18 age groups and retrospectively reviewed for development of the calcaneal apophysis. 204 ankle MRI studies in 188 children were identified. 40 studies were excluded with final cohort of 164 studies in 154 patients (82 boys, 72 girls). The calcaneal apophysis was cartilaginous until age 5. Foci of decreased as well as increased signal were embedded in cartilage, prior to ossification. Early, secondary ossification centers appeared in plantar third of the apophysis in 100 % of children by age 7. Increased T2 signal in the ossifications was seen in 30 % of children. Apohyseal fusion began at 12 and was complete in 78 % of 14≤15 year olds and in 88 % of 15≤18 year olds. Curvilinear low signal in the ossification centers, paralleling, but distinguished from growth plate, and not be confused with fracture line, was common. Development of the posterior calcaneus follows a unique sequence. Apophyseal fusion occurs earlier than reported in the literature. Familiarity with this maturation pattern, in particular the apophyseal increased T2 signal and the linear low signal paralleling the growth plate, will avoid misinterpreting it for pathology. (orig.)

  2. Wound infections following open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fractures with an extended lateral approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backes, Manouk; Schepers, Tim; Beerekamp, M Suzan H; Luitse, Jan S K; Goslings, J Carel; Schep, Niels W L

    2014-04-01

    Post-operative wound infections (PWI) following calcaneal fracture surgery can lead to prolonged hospital stay and additional treatment with antibiotics, surgical debridement or implant removal. Our aim was to determine the incidence of superficial and deep PWI and to identify risk factors (RF). This study is a retrospective case series. All consecutive patients from 2000 to 2010 with a closed unilateral calcaneal fracture treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) by an extended lateral approach were included. Patient, fracture, trauma and peri-operative characteristics were collected, including RF such as smoking, diabetes mellitus, time to operation, pre-operative in- or outpatient management and wound closure technique. The primary end point was a PWI as defined by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A total of 191 patients were included of which 47 patients (24.6%) had a PWI; 21 (11.0%) and 26 (13.6%) patients had a superficial and deep wound infection, respectively. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification higher than ASA 1 was associated with an increased risk. Placement of a closed suction drain at the end of surgery was associated with less PWI (35% vs 15%, p = 0.002). In this study, none of the previously reported RF were associated with an increased risk for PWI. ORIF of displaced calcaneal fractures is associated with a high rate of PWI of 25%. Factors that were associated with an increased risk were ASA classification other than 1 and absence of a closed suction drain placement. A closed suction drain may be a protective measure to avoid wound complications.

  3. Distinguishing Osteomyelitis From Ewing Sarcoma on Radiography and MRI

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarville, M. Beth; Chen, Jim Y.; Coleman, Jamie L.; Li, Yimei; Li, Xingyu; Adderson, Elisabeth E.; Neel, Mike D.; Gold, Robert E.; Kaufman, Robert A.

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical and imaging features can distinguish osteomyelitis from Ewing sarcoma (EWS) and to assess the accuracy of percutaneous biopsy versus open biopsy in the diagnosis of these diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three radiologists reviewed the radiographs and MRI examinations of 32 subjects with osteomyelitis and 31 subjects with EWS to determine the presence of 36 imaging parameters. Information on demographic characteristics, history, physical examination findings, laboratory findings, biopsy type, and biopsy results were recorded. Individual imaging and clinical parameters and combinations of these parameters were tested for correlation with findings from histologic analysis. The diagnostic accuracy of biopsy was also determined. RESULTS On radiography, the presence of joint or metaphyseal involvement, a wide transition zone, a Codman triangle, a periosteal reaction, or a soft-tissue mass, when tested individually, was more likely to be noted in subjects with EWS (p ≤ 0.05) than in subjects with osteomyelitis. On MRI, permeative cortical involvement and soft-tissue mass were more likely in subjects with EWS (p ≤ 0.02), whereas a serpiginous tract was more likely to be seen in subjects with osteomyelitis (p = 0.04). African Americans were more likely to have osteomyelitis than EWS (p = 0). According to the results of multiple regression analysis, only ethnicity and soft-tissue mass remained statistically significant (p ≤ 0.01). The findings from 100% of open biopsies (18/18) and 58% of percutaneous biopsies (7/12) resulted in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis, whereas the findings from 88% of open biopsies (22/25) and 50% of percutaneous biopsies (3/6) resulted in a diagnosis of EWS. CONCLUSION Several imaging features are significantly associated with either EWS or osteomyelitis, but many features are associated with both diseases. Other than ethnicity, no clinical feature improved diagnostic

  4. Distinguishing Osteomyelitis From Ewing Sarcoma on Radiography and MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarville, M Beth; Chen, Jim Y; Coleman, Jamie L; Li, Yimei; Li, Xingyu; Adderson, Elisabeth E; Neel, Mike D; Gold, Robert E; Kaufman, Robert A

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical and imaging features can distinguish osteomyelitis from Ewing sarcoma (EWS) and to assess the accuracy of percutaneous biopsy versus open biopsy in the diagnosis of these diseases. Three radiologists reviewed the radiographs and MRI examinations of 32 subjects with osteomyelitis and 31 subjects with EWS to determine the presence of 36 imaging parameters. Information on demographic characteristics, history, physical examination findings, laboratory findings, biopsy type, and biopsy results were recorded. Individual imaging and clinical parameters and combinations of these parameters were tested for correlation with findings from histologic analysis. The diagnostic accuracy of biopsy was also determined. On radiography, the presence of joint or metaphyseal involvement, a wide transition zone, a Codman triangle, a periosteal reaction, or a soft-tissue mass, when tested individually, was more likely to be noted in subjects with EWS (p ≤ 0.05) than in subjects with osteomyelitis. On MRI, permeative cortical involvement and soft-tissue mass were more likely in subjects with EWS (p ≤ 0.02), whereas a serpiginous tract was more likely to be seen in subjects with osteomyelitis (p = 0.04). African Americans were more likely to have osteomyelitis than EWS (p = 0). According to the results of multiple regression analysis, only ethnicity and soft-tissue mass remained statistically significant (p ≤ 0.01). The findings from 100% of open biopsies (18/18) and 58% of percutaneous biopsies (7/12) resulted in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis, whereas the findings from 88% of open biopsies (22/25) and 50% of percutaneous biopsies (3/6) resulted in a diagnosis of EWS. Several imaging features are significantly associated with either EWS or osteomyelitis, but many features are associated with both diseases. Other than ethnicity, no clinical feature improved diagnostic accuracy. Compared with percutaneous biopsy, open biopsy

  5. FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF INTERNAL FIXATION FOR DISPLACED INTRA-ARTICULAR CALCANEAL FRACTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saket Jati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND There are always difference of opinion in the importance of Bohler’s angle in evaluating the severity of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures and predicting the functional outcome following surgical fixation. The purpose of this research, the relationship exists between Bohler’s angle and the injury severity of displaced calcaneal fractures and between surgical improvement of Bohler’s angle and its practical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were treated surgically for unilateral closed displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures from May 2014 to October 2016 were identified. The Bohler’s angles of bilateral calcaneus were measured and was compared to the dimension of the uninjured foot was used as its normal control. The difference in the value of Bohler’s angle measured preoperatively or after surgery between the angle of the damaged foot and that of the contralateral calcaneus was calculated, respectively. The change in Bohler’s angle by ratio was calculated by dividing the variation in the value of Bohler’s angle between bilateral calcaneus by its typical control. The injury severity was assessed according to Sanders classification. The functional outcomes were assessed using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot scores. RESULTS 30 patients were included into the study with a mean follow-up duration of 30 months. According to Sanders classification, the fracture pattern included 12 type II, 10 type III and 8 type IV fractures. According to American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot scoring system, the excellent, good, fair and poor results were achieved in 10, 8, 4 and 2 patients, respectively. The preoperative Bohler’s angle, difference value of Bohler’s angle between bilateral calcaneus and change in Bohler’s angle by ratio each has a significant relationship with Sanders classification (P=0.003; P=0.004; P=0.005, respectively, however, is not correlated with

  6. Successful treatment of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis using low-dose radiotherapy. A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dietzel, Christian T.; Vordermark, Dirk [Klinikum der Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Universitaetslinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Schaefer, Christoph [Klinikum der Martin-Luther-Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg, Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin II, Halle (Saale) (Germany)

    2017-03-15

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory disease, which lacks an infectious genesis and predominantly involves the metaphysis of long bones. Common treatments range from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids at first onset of disease, to immunosuppressive drugs and bisphosphonates in cases of insufficient remission. The therapeutic use of low-dose radiotherapy for CRMO constitutes a novelty. A 67-year-old female patient presented with radiologically proven CRMO affecting the right tibia/talus and no response to immunosuppressive therapy. Two treatment series of radiation therapy were applied with an interval of 6 weeks. Each series contained six fractions (three fractions per week) with single doses of 0.5 Gy, thus the total applied dose was 6 Gy. Ten months later, pain and symptoms of osteomyelitis had completely vanished. Radiotherapy seems to be an efficient and feasible complementary treatment option for conventional treatment refractory CRMO in adulthood. The application of low doses per fraction is justified by the inflammatory pathomechanism of disease. (orig.) [German] Die chronisch rekurrierende multifokale Osteomyelitis (CRMO) ist eine seltene autoimmunologische Erkrankung und befaellt vorzugsweise die Metaphysen der langen Roehrenknochen. Die Therapie umfasst nichtsteroidale Antirheumatika (NSAIDs) und Kortikosteroide bei Erstbefall und reicht bis hin zu Immunsuppressiva und Bisphosphonaten bei insuffizientem Ansprechen. Die Anwendung einer niedrigdosierten Radiatio stellt ein therapeutisches Novum dar. Eine 67-jaehrige Patientin stellte sich mit einem radiologisch gesicherten Befall im Sinne einer CRMO im Bereich des rechten Talus und der Tibia vor. Eine initiale Behandlung mit Immunsuppressiva verblieb erfolglos. Wir fuehrten zwei Bestrahlungsserien im Intervall von 6 Wochen durch. Jede Serie bestand aus 6 Fraktionen (3 Fraktionen/Woche), mit einer Einzeldosis von jeweils 0,5 Gy. Die

  7. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma masquerading as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Michael; Ressler, Steven; Rosenthal, Allison; Kelemen, Katalin

    2017-02-18

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a hematologic malignancy usually confined to lymphatic structures and commonly associated with constitutional symptoms. Bony involvement and musculoskeletal symptoms are uncommon and typically seen in advanced disease. In this case, we report an unusual presentation of classical Hodgkin lymphoma and highlight diagnostic challenges leading to the misdiagnosis and treatment as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis. A 38-year-old white man presented with lower extremity musculoskeletal pain. Imaging studies revealed multifocal lytic and sclerotic osseous axial lesions. Multiple core needle bone marrow and excisional lymph node biopsies were non-diagnostic. Having met the criteria, a tentative diagnosis of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis was given. He was treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications with partial clinical response but had persistent symptoms. A second medical opinion was pursued. An open bone marrow biopsy was performed and yielded a diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma after 13 months of diagnostic uncertainty. A chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine was instituted with complete symptomatic and radiologic response. This case illustrates diagnostic difficulties of a musculoskeletal presentation of Hodgkin lymphoma, challenges of non-diagnostic bone marrow and lymph node biopsies, and resultant diagnostic delays in delivering a potentially curative therapy. Had the additional open bone marrow biopsy not been performed, the diagnosis and treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma would have been missed.

  8. Biomaterials approaches to treating implant-associated osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inzana, Jason A; Schwarz, Edward M; Kates, Stephen L; Awad, Hani A

    2016-03-01

    Orthopaedic devices are the most common surgical devices associated with implant-related infections and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is the most common causative pathogen in chronic bone infections (osteomyelitis). Treatment of these chronic bone infections often involves combinations of antibiotics given systemically and locally to the affected site via a biomaterial spacer. The gold standard biomaterial for local antibiotic delivery against osteomyelitis, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement, bears many limitations. Such shortcomings include limited antibiotic release, incompatibility with many antimicrobial agents, and the need for follow-up surgeries to remove the non-biodegradable cement before surgical reconstruction of the lost bone. Therefore, extensive research pursuits are targeting alternative, biodegradable materials to replace PMMA in osteomyelitis applications. Herein, we provide an overview of the primary clinical treatment strategies and emerging biodegradable materials that may be employed for management of implant-related osteomyelitis. We performed a systematic review of experimental biomaterials systems that have been evaluated for treating established S. aureus osteomyelitis in an animal model. Many experimental biomaterials were not decisively more efficacious for infection management than PMMA when delivering the same antibiotic. However, alternative biomaterials have reduced the number of follow-up surgeries, enhanced the antimicrobial efficacy by delivering agents that are incompatible with PMMA, and regenerated bone in an infected defect. Understanding the advantages, limitations, and potential for clinical translation of each biomaterial, along with the conditions under which it was evaluated (e.g. animal model), is critical for surgeons and researchers to navigate the plethora of options for local antibiotic delivery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Bacterial chondronecrosis with osteomyelitis and lameness in broilers: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wideman, Robert F

    2016-02-01

    This review focuses on a specific cause of lameness known as bacterial chondronecrosis with osteomyelitis (BCO) in broilers. Rapid increases in body weight impose excessive torque and shear stress on structurally immature epiphyseal and physeal cartilage, primarily in the proximal femora, proximal tibiae, and flexible thoracic vertebrae. Excessive mechanical stress creates osteochondrotic clefts among the chondrocytes of susceptible growth plates. These wound sites are colonized by hematogenously distributed opportunistic bacteria, culminating in the gross abscesses and necrotic voids that are pathognomonic for terminal BCO. Lameness attributable to characteristic BCO lesions can be reproduced by rearing broilers on wire flooring to create persistent footing instability and physiological stress, without the need to inoculate the birds with pathogenic bacteria that presumably are present but quiescent within the bird's microbial communities or in the environment. Experiments using the wire-flooring model revealed innate differences in the susceptibility of broiler lines to BCO, and demonstrated that BCO incidences can be reduced by prophylactically providing probiotics in the feed, by prophylactically adding 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 to the drinking water, or by therapeutically adding the antibiotic enrofloxacin to the drinking water. Hatchery and chick quality issues clearly influence the susceptibility of broilers to BCO. When broilers remain in a sitting posture for prolonged periods, the major arteries supplying their legs may be compressed. These episodes of inadequate blood flow may prevent chondrocyte maturation and trigger focal necrosis, thereby making the epiphyseal and physeal cartilage highly susceptible to osteochondrosis and BCO. Much remains to be revealed regarding the pathogenesis of BCO. Further revelations will be facilitated by the availability of the now-validated wire-flooring models that consistently trigger high incidences of BCO in experimental

  10. Florid Cemento-Osseous Dysplasia Simultaneous the Chronic Suppurative Osteomyelitis in Mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcante, Mateus Barros; de Oliveira Lima, Amanda Laísa; Júnior, Marcus Antônio Brêda; Santos, Milkle Bruno Pessoa

    2016-11-01

    The florid cemento-osseous dysplasia is an uncommon condition nonneoplastic, of unknown cause with higher prevalence in melanodermic women, limited the maxillary bones, is characterized by the presence of dispersed and diffuse radiopaque calcifications, constituted of bone and dense cemento; however, when the bone is infected it induces the suppuration and formation of osseous sequestra, thus resulting in an osteomyelitis frame. The patient was attended in a Dental Specialties Center in the state of Alagoas, Brazil, presenting on clinical examination edema and extra oral fistula with pus drainage in hemiface submandibular of the right side. Radiographically it was possible to observe area of sclerosis and osseous sequestra involving the right side region of the mandible body, and it increases zones of the bone density. In association with clinical data and complementary diagnosis examinations, the option of treatment adopted was the complete removal of the bone fragment, followed by adaptation and plate fixation and titanium screws to reduce the risk of mandibular fracture. The aim of the present paper was to relate a clinical patient of florid cemento-osseous dysplasia simultaneous the chronic suppurative osteomyelitis, highlighting their clinical, radiographic, and histological characteristics, as well as their diagnosis and treatment.

  11. Chronic Osteomyelitis of Clavicle in a Neonate: Report of Morbid Complication of Adjoining MRSA Abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suranigi, Shishir Murugharaj; Joshi, Manoj; Deniese, Pascal Noel; Rangasamy, Kanagasabai; Najimudeen, Syed; Gnanadoss, James J

    2016-01-01

    Osteomyelitis of clavicle is rare in neonates. Acute osteomyelitis of clavicle accounts for less than 3% of all osteomyelitis cases. It may occur due to contiguous spread, due to hematogenous spread, or secondary to subclavian catheterization. Chronic osteomyelitis may occur as a complication of residual adjoining abscess due to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sepsis. We report a newborn female with right shoulder abscess that developed chronic clavicular osteomyelitis in follow-up period after drainage. She required multiple drainage procedures and was later successfully managed with bone curettage and debridement. We report this case to highlight that a MRSA abscess may recur due to residual infection from a chronic osteomyelitis sinus. It may be misdiagnosed as hypergranulation tissue of nonhealing wound leading to inappropriate delay in treatment. High index of suspicion, aggressive initial management, and regular follow-up are imperative to prevent this morbid complication.

  12. Chronic Osteomyelitis of Clavicle in a Neonate: Report of Morbid Complication of Adjoining MRSA Abscess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteomyelitis of clavicle is rare in neonates. Acute osteomyelitis of clavicle accounts for less than 3% of all osteomyelitis cases. It may occur due to contiguous spread, due to hematogenous spread, or secondary to subclavian catheterization. Chronic osteomyelitis may occur as a complication of residual adjoining abscess due to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA sepsis. We report a newborn female with right shoulder abscess that developed chronic clavicular osteomyelitis in follow-up period after drainage. She required multiple drainage procedures and was later successfully managed with bone curettage and debridement. We report this case to highlight that a MRSA abscess may recur due to residual infection from a chronic osteomyelitis sinus. It may be misdiagnosed as hypergranulation tissue of nonhealing wound leading to inappropriate delay in treatment. High index of suspicion, aggressive initial management, and regular follow-up are imperative to prevent this morbid complication.

  13. Osteomyelitis of the Odontoid Process in Children: Two Cases and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubotzky, Asael; Cytter-Kuint, Ruth; Raccah, Eliyahu; Megged, Orli

    2017-08-01

    To report clinical, laboratory and radiologic manifestations in 2 infants with osteomyelitis of the odontoid process (dens). Vertebral osteomyelitis is uncommon, and osteomyelitis of the dens has rarely been reported in the pediatric population. The medical records of 2 infants diagnosed with dens osteomyelitis were reviewed. Both infants had fever, which resolved spontaneously before admission. Both were nontoxic appearing with persistent neck stiffness and torticollis. White blood count and C-reactive protein were only mildly elevated in both cases. Blood cultures were sterile. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed the diagnosis. They both fully recovered. We report 2 cases of dens osteomyelitis. These cases emphasize the need to consider C1-C2 osteomyelitis in the differential diagnosis of neck stiffness and torticollis.

  14. Osteomyelitis of the Mandibular Condyle: A Report of 2 Cases With Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Probodh K; Nagori, Shakil Ahmed; Menon, Rahul P; Thanneermalai, Balasundaram

    2017-02-01

    In the maxillofacial area, osteomyelitis generally involves the mandible more commonly than the maxilla. Osteomyelitis of the mandible more often than not is odontogenic in origin and the dentate part is usually affected. In this context, involvement of the condyle and coronoid processes is very rare. This report describes 2 unique cases of condylar involvement with osteomyelitis. In these cases, the etiologies were unknown and were successfully managed by condylectomy and antibiotics. A comprehensive review of the English-language literature showed only 18 cases of osteomyelitis of the condyle. Odontogenic, otologic, and tubercular causes were the most common causes of osteomyelitis of the condyle. Radiologically, the condyle usually appeared osteolytic and eroded in osteomyelitis and radionucleotide scans were helpful in localizing the inflammation site. In most cases, condylectomy with appropriate antibiotics was required to eliminate the disease. Copyright © 2016 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Role of MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of osteomyelitis in pediatric patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugmire, Brian S; Shailam, Randheer; Gee, Michael S

    2014-01-01

    Osteomyelitis is a significant cause of morbidity in children throughout the world. Multiple imaging modalities can be used to evaluate for suspected osteomyelitis, however magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has distinct advantages over other modalities given its ability to detect early changes related to osteomyelitis, evaluate the true extent of disease, depict extraosseous spread of infection, and help guide surgical management. MRI has assumed a greater role in the evaluation of osteomyelitis with the increase in musculoskeletal infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus which have unique imaging features that are well-demonstrated with MRI. This review focuses primarily on the use of MRI in the evaluation of osteomyelitis in children and will include a discussion of the clinically important and characteristic findings on MRI of acute bacterial osteomyelitis and related conditions. PMID:25170391

  16. Exogenous bacterial osteomyelitis in 52 dogs: a retrospective study of etiology and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile (2000-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siqueira, E G M; Rahal, S C; Ribeiro, M G; Paes, A C; Listoni, F P; Vassalo, F G

    2014-01-01

    Most clinical cases of osteomyelitis in dogs involve infectious agents, especially bacteria and fungi. The characterization of these microorganisms may aid in the prevention and treatment of disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively microbiological cultures and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile of isolates from 52 cases of bacterial osteomyelitis in long bones of dogs over 2000-2013. In 78% of the cases injuries were caused by a motor vehicle accident, but there were a few cases of dog bites (17%) and ascending infection due to pododermatitis (5%). The isolated microorganisms were identified based on conventional phenotypic methods. In vitro disk diffusion test was performed using 30 different antimicrobials. The isolates were obtained from femur (28%), humerus (16%), tibia (31%), and radius/ulna (25%). Among 52 cases, culture was positive in 88% of cases. Thirteen genus of different species of microorganisms were isolated. The most common microorganisms isolated were Staphylococcus spp. and Escherichia coli followed by Streptococcus spp., enteric bacteria, Corynebacterium sp. and anaerobic bacteria. In 42% of cases cultures were mixed. The most effective drugs against isolated bacteria were amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (79%) followed by ceftriaxone (69%). High-resistance rates were documented against azithromycin (80%), penicillin (59%), and clindamycin (59%). The present study highlights diverse etiologic agents in cases of infectious bacterial osteomyelitis, with predominance of Staphylococcus genus, and reinforces the importance of obtaining cultures and susceptibility profiles given the high rates of antimicrobial resistance.

  17. Comparing fixation used for calcaneal displacement osteotomies: a look at removal rates and cost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Douglas E; Simpson, G Alex; Philbin, Terrence M

    2015-02-01

    The calcaneal displacement osteotomy is a procedure frequently used by foot and ankle surgeons for hindfoot angular deformity. Traditional techniques use compression screw fixation that can result in prominent hardware. While the results of the procedure are generally good, a common concern is the development of plantar heel pain related to prominent hardware. The primary purpose of this study is to retrospectively compare clinical outcomes of 2 fixation methods for the osteotomy. Secondarily a cost analysis will compare implant costs to hardware removal costs. Records were reviewed for patients who had undergone a calcaneal displacement osteotomy fixated with either lag screw or a locked lateral compression plate (LLCP). Neuropathy, previous ipsilateral calcaneus surgery, heel pad trauma, or incomplete radiographic follow-up were exclusionary. Thirty-two patients (19.4%) required hardware removal from the screw fixation group compared to 1 (1.6%) of the LLCP group, which is significant (P cost was remarkably different with screw fixation costing on average $247.12, compared to the LLCP costing $1175.59. Although the LLCP cost was significantly higher, cost savings were identified when the cost of removal and removal rates were included. This study demonstrates that this device provides adequate stabilization for healing in equivalent time to screw fixation. The LLCP required decreased rates of hardware removal with fewer postoperative visits over a shorter period of time. Significant savings were demonstrated in the LLCP group despite the higher implant cost. Therapeutic, Level III, Retrospective Comparative Study. © 2014 The Author(s).

  18. The plantar calcaneal spur: a review of anatomy, histology, etiology and key associations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, Joshua; Yassaie, Omid; Mirjalili, Seyed Ali

    2017-06-01

    The plantar calcaneal spur (PCS) is a bony outgrowth from the calcaneal tuberosity and has been studied using various methods including cadavers, radiography, histology and surgery. However, there are currently a number of discrepancies in the literature regarding the anatomical relations, histological descriptions and clinical associations of PCS. Historically, authors have described the intrinsic muscles of the foot and/or the plantar fascia as attaching to the PCS. In this article we review the relationship between the PCS and surrounding soft tissues as well as examining the histology of the PCS. We identify a number of key associations with PCS, including age, weight, gender, arthritides, plantar fasciitis and foot position; these factors may function as risk factors in PCS formation. The etiology of these spurs is a contentious issue and it has been explained through a number of theories including the degenerative, inflammatory, traction, repetitive trauma, bone-formers and vertical compression theories. We review these and finish by looking clinically at the evidence that PCS causes heel pain. © 2017 Anatomical Society.

  19. Outcome Determining Factors for displaced Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures treated operatively

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nawfar SA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Calcaneal fractures are caused by high energy trauma and mostly are intra-articular fractures. Nondisplaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture (IACF can be treated non-operatively. However, displaced intra-articular need to be reduced and fixed anatomically to facilitate early ankle rehabilitation and minimize functional impairment. This study was done to find out the outcome of the IACF patients who underwent operative treatment. Methods: 62 patients with IACF were selected in this study and had been followed up from June 2009 to May 2013. They were placed into two groups; the operative treated and non-operative treated groups. Bilateral ankle lateral view plain radiographs were taken for comparison of the Bohler and Gissane angles. Both groups of patients were assessed by the Maryland Foot Score (MFS and the SF-36v2 general health survey questionnaire. The ability of the patients to perform activity of daily living (ADL and /or return to work (RTW was assessed as well. Results: The operative treatment group of displaced IACF patients achieved no significant better scores in the mean MFS and SF-36v2 mean scores as compared to non operated cases. There was no difference in RTW between the 2 groups, but earlier ADL was recorded in the operated group. However, this study had found 5 associated factors which causes major effect to the patients’ outcome to treatment. Conclusions: The patient’s compliance with post-operative rehabilitation regimen were found to be significantly related with the outcomes

  20. An outcomes assessment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures, using patient and physician's assessment profiles.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kennedy, J G

    2012-02-03

    Thirty-six patients with intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures were examined to determine both physician- and patient-based outcomes. Three groups were selected. Group A was treated with open reduction and internal fixation, group B was treated with open reduction internal fixation and supplemental bone graft augmentation and the patients in group C were treated with plaster cast immobilisation and no formal operative treatment. All cohorts were well matched for age, sex and severity of injury. Patients were evaluated using both the American Foot and Ankle Society Scoring System (AFASS) and the short form 36 (SF-36). Minimum time to follow up was 4 years. No significant difference was observed between the three groups with regards to pain and functional outcomes using the AFASS score (P>0.05). No difference was observed between the three groups using the SF-36 score (P>0.1). A statistically significant difference was observed, using radiological criteria, between both groups A and B when compared to the non-operative group C. The rate of wound infection in groups A and B was 31.5%. No correlation was found between the SF-36 score and the AFASS score. No correlation was found between the radiological score and either the SF-36 or the AFASS score. This study has found that the conservative treatment of calcaneal fractures can produce satisfactory outcomes with lower morbidity than surgically treated fractures.

  1. Is Vancomycine Still a Choice for Chronic Osteomyelitis Empirical Therapy in Iran?

    OpenAIRE

    Izadi, Morteza; Zamani, Mohammad Mahdi; Mousavi, Seyed Ahmad; Sadat, Seyed Mir Mostafa; Siami, Zeinab; Vais Ahmadi, Noushin; Jonaidi Jafari, Nematollah; Shirvani, Shahram; Majidi Fard, Mojgan; Imani Fooladi, Abbas Ali

    2012-01-01

    Background Pyogenic bacteria and especially Staphylococcus aurous (S. aurous) are the most common cause of chronic osteomyelitis. Not only treatment protocol of chronic osteomyelitis occasionally is amiss but also this malady responds to treatment difficultly. Objectives This study investigates antibiotic resistance pattern of S. aurous isolated from Iranian patients who suffer from chronic osteomyelitis by two methods: disk diffusion (Kirby bauyer) and E-test (Epsilometer test) to find Vanco...

  2. Is calcaneal inclination higher in patients with insertional Achilles tendinosis? A case-controlled, cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibuya, Naohiro; Thorud, Jakob C; Agarwal, Monica R; Jupiter, Daniel C

    2012-01-01

    Insertional Achilles tendinosis is a condition where a patient complains of isolated pain at the Achilles tendon insertion site due to intratendinous degeneration. It has been suggested that this condition is associated with cavus foot deformity. However, to our knowledge, there is no study that has confirmed this observation. We carried out a cross-sectional, case-controlled study to explore the association of increased calcaneal inclination-a surgically important characteristic of cavus foot deformity-with insertional Achilles tendinosis. Patients with Achilles tendinosis and matched controls without the pathology were compared. Although a statistically significant difference was detected in calcaneal inclination angle between these 2 groups (p = .038), we felt that the difference was not clinically significant (calcaneal inclination angle = 20.9 vs. 18.9, respectively). Within the limitations of the study, we conclude that there is no clinically significant difference in calcaneal inclination between those with or without insertional Achilles tendinosis. Copyright © 2012 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Effects of intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging on peri-operative imaging strategy in calcaneal fracture surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.S.H. Beerekamp (Suzan); Backes, M. (M.); N.W.L. Schep (Niels); D.T. Ubbink (Dirk); J.S.K. Luitse; T. Schepers (Tim); J.C. Goslings (Carel)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: Previous studies demonstrated that intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging (3D-imaging) in calcaneal fracture surgery is promising to prevent revision surgery and save costs. However, these studies limited their focus to corrections performed after 3D-imaging, thereby

  4. Patient-reported health-related quality of life after a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alexandridis, G.; Gunning, A. C.; Leenen, L. P H

    2015-01-01

    Background: A displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture (DIACF) is known for having a negative influence on the daily activities of patients. A health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome instrument is used to quantify the impact of DIACF. It seems that these studies used restrictive inclusion

  5. [Manipulative reduction and external fixation with cardboard splint for the treatment of calcaneal fractures: a 60-case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Bo-Chuan; Xie, Ke-Bo

    2014-07-01

    To investigate the therapeutic effects of manipulative reduction for calcaneal fractures. From January 2009 to June 2012, 53 cases (60 affected feet) of Sanders type I-IV calcaneal fractures were treated by manipulative reduction and external fixation with cardboard splint,including 45 males and 8 females with an average age of (33.5 +/- 1.54) years old ranging from 18 to 65. The course of disease ranged 0.5 h to 7 d. Before treatment the feet were swelling, ache and activity limitation in evidence, some feet were wide flat deformity, the cortical bone was broken in the imaging examination. All selected cases were evaluated using Creighton-Nebraska health foundation assessment scale for fractures of calcaneus. All cases were followed up at 12 months after treatment, 13 feet got excellent curative effect, 34 good, 11 moderate and 2 poor. Manipulative reduction for Sanders type I-IV calcaneal fractures could get excellent curative effect. Manipulative reduction for calcaneal fractures could avoid surgical trauma while assure high curative effects. Manipulative reduction is not only economical and easy therapy, but also can restore maximum function of the calcaneus with few complications and facilitate early rehabilitation of ankle and joint function.

  6. Complications following the extended lateral approach for calcaneal fractures do not influence mid- to long-term outcome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot, R. de; Frima, A.J.; Schepers, T.; Roerdink, W.H.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIM: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular calcaneal fractures through an extended lateral approach is frequently accompanied by a high complication rate. However, ORIF currently provides the best long-term clinical results. The aim of this study was twofold:

  7. Biomechanical evaluation of reconstruction plates with locking, nonlocking, and hybrid screws configurations in calcaneal fracture: a finite element model study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ching-Hsuan; Hung, Chinghua; Hsu, Yu-Chun; Chen, Chen-Sheng; Chiang, Chao-Ching

    2017-10-01

    Calcaneal fractures are the most common fractures of the tarsal bones. The stability of fixation is an important factor for successful reconstruction of calcaneal fractures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the biomechanical influence of plate fixation with different combinations of locking and nonlocking screws during early weight-bearing phase. A three-dimensional FE foot model was established using ANSYS software, which comprised bones, cartilages, plantar fascia, and soft tissue. Calcaneal plate was fixed with whole locking (WLS), whole nonlocking (WNS), and hybrid screw configurations for FE analysis. The WNS generated a 6.1° and 2.2° Bohler angle decrease compared with the intact model and WLS (WNS: 18.9; WLS: 21.1; intact: 25.0°). Some hybrid screw configurations (Bohler angle: 21.5° and 21.2°) generated stability similar to WLS. The FE results showed that the fragments at the posterior facet and the posterior tuberosity sustained more stress. This study recommends that the hybrid screw configuration with at least four locking screws, two at the posterior facet fragment and two at the posterior tuberosity fragment, is the optimal choice for the fixation of Sanders type IIB calcaneal fractures.

  8. All-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a consecutive series of patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricci, Lucia; Scatena, Alessia; Tacconi, Danilo; Ventoruzzo, Giorgio; Liistro, Francesco; Bolognese, Leonardo; Monami, Matteo; Mannucci, Edoardo

    2017-09-01

    Mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) have been explored in few small studies with a short follow-up. Aim of the present study is to assess all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and predictors of mortality in a consecutive series of patients with DFO. Patients with a diagnosis of DFO, attending the Diabetic Foot Unit of San Donato Hospital in Arezzo between January 1st, 2012 and December 31st, 2013, were included in this retrospective study. Information on all-cause mortality up to December 1st, 2016, was obtained from the registry of the Local Health Unit of Arezzo, which contains updated records of all persons living in Tuscany. One hundred ninety-four patients were included in the study. During a mean period of observation of 2.8±1.4years, 73 (37.6%) died, with a yearly rate of 13.2%. Of the 73 deaths, 59 were attributable to cardiovascular causes. After adjusting for possible confounders in a Cox analysis, site of osteomyelitis (hindfoot vs mid/forefoot) was associated with a higher mortality, and surgical treatment with a lower mortality. Mortality in patients with DFO appears to be much higher than that reported in clinical series of patients with diabetic foot ulcers, particularly when hindfoot is affected. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  9. Surgical Debridement Is Superior to Sole Antibiotic Therapy in a Novel Murine Posttraumatic Osteomyelitis Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallner, Christoph; Ismer, Britta; Schira, Jessica; Abraham, Stephanie; Harati, Kamran; Lehnhardt, Marcus; Behr, Björn

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Bone infections after trauma, i.e. posttraumatic osteomyelitis, pose one of the biggest problems of orthopedic surgery. Even after sufficient clinical therapy including vast debridement of infected bone and antibiotic treatment, regeneration of postinfectious bone seems to be restricted. One explanation includes the large sized defects resulting from sufficient debridement. Furthermore, it remains unclear if inflammatory processes after bone infection do affect bone regeneration. For continuing studies in this field, an animal model is needed where bone regeneration after sufficient treatment can be studied in detail. Methods For this purpose we created a stable infection in murine tibiae by Staphylococcus aureus inoculation. Thereafter, osteomyelitic bones were debrided thoroughly and animals were subsequently treated with antibiotics. Controls included debrided, non-infected, as well as infected animals exclusively treated with antibiotics. To verify sufficient treatment of infected bone, different assessments detecting S. aureus were utilized: agar plates, histology and RT-qPCR. Results All three detection methods revealed massive reduction or eradication of S. aureus within debrided bones 1 and 2 weeks postoperatively, whereas sole antibiotic therapy could not provide sufficient treatment of osteomyelitic bones. Debrided, previously infected bones showed significantly decreased bone formation, compared to debrided, non-infected controls. Discussion Thus, the animal model presented herein provides a reliable and fascinating tool to study posttraumatic osteomyelitis for clinical therapies. PMID:26872128

  10. Extensive, non-healing scalp ulcer associated with trauma-induced chronic osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valerón-Almazán, Pedro; Gómez-Duaso, Anselmo Javier; Rivero, Pino; Vilar, Jaime; Dehesa, Luis; Santana, Néstor; Carretero, Gregorio

    2011-12-01

    A 77-year-old woman presented with a trauma to the scalp caused from the blade of a windmill. The condition was persistent from the past 50 years. At the initial examination, a deep, foul-smelling and well-circumscribed ulcer was apparent on the head region, involving the majority of the cranium. Skin biopsy specimens of the lesion were nonspecific. The bone biopsy showed extensive necrotic areas of bone and soft tissues, with lymphocytic exudate foci. A computed tomography scan of the head revealed bone destruction principally involving both the parietal bones, and parts of the frontal and occipital bones. Streptococcus parasanguis was isolated from the skin culture, and Proteus mirabilis and Peptostreptococcus sp. were identified in the cultures from the bone. A long-term treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (1 g/12 h) and levofloxacin (500 mg/day) was prescribed, but even after 6 months, the lesion remained unchanged. The frequency of occurrence of scalp ulcers in dermatological patients is less, principally because of the rich blood supply to this area. We have not found any similar case report of a scalp ulcer secondary to chronic osteomyelitis discovered more than 50 years after the causal trauma. We want to highlight the importance of complete cutaneous evaluation including skin and bone biopsies, when scalp osteomyelitis is suspected.

  11. Successful treatment of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis using low-dose radiotherapy : A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietzel, Christian T; Schäfer, Christoph; Vordermark, Dirk

    2017-03-01

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory disease, which lacks an infectious genesis and predominantly involves the metaphysis of long bones. Common treatments range from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids at first onset of disease, to immunosuppressive drugs and bisphosphonates in cases of insufficient remission. The therapeutic use of low-dose radiotherapy for CRMO constitutes a novelty. A 67-year-old female patient presented with radiologically proven CRMO affecting the right tibia/talus and no response to immunosuppressive therapy. Two treatment series of radiation therapy were applied with an interval of 6 weeks. Each series contained six fractions (three fractions per week) with single doses of 0.5 Gy, thus the total applied dose was 6 Gy. Ten months later, pain and symptoms of osteomyelitis had completely vanished. Radiotherapy seems to be an efficient and feasible complementary treatment option for conventional treatment refractory CRMO in adulthood. The application of low doses per fraction is justified by the inflammatory pathomechanism of disease.

  12. Severe skull base osteomyelitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with successful outcome after prolonged outpatient therapy with continuous infusion of ceftazidime and oral ciprofloxacin: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde-Díaz, Cristina; Llenas-García, Jara; Parra Grande, Mónica; Terol Esclapez, Gertrudis; Masiá, Mar; Gutiérrez, Félix

    2017-02-21

    Skull base osteomyelitis is an uncommon disease that usually complicates a malignant external otitis with temporal bone involvement. It affects predominantly diabetic and immunocompromised males and has a high mortality rate. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common causative organism. Currently, there is no consensus about the best therapeutic option. Here we describe a case of severe skull base osteomyelitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with progressive palsy of cranial nerves that was successfully managed with prolonged outpatient continuous infusion of ceftazidime plus oral ciprofloxacin. A 69-year-old Caucasian man presented with dysphagia, headache, and weight loss. He complained of left earache and purulent otorrhea. Over the following weeks he developed progressive palsy of IX, X, VI, and XII cranial nerves and papilledema. A petrous bone computed tomography scan showed a mass in the left jugular foramen with a strong lytic component that expanded to the cavum. A biopsy was then performed and microbiological cultures grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa. After 6 weeks of parenteral antibiotic treatment, our patient was discharged and treatment was continued with a domiciliary continuous infusion of a beta-lactam through a peripherally inserted central catheter, along with an oral fluoroquinolone for 10 months. Both radiological and clinical responses were excellent. Skull base osteomyelitis is a life-threating condition; clinical suspicion and correct microbiological identification are key to achieve an accurate and timely diagnosis. Due to the poor outcome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa skull base osteomyelitis, prolonged outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy administered by continuous infusion could be a valuable option for these patients.

  13. Upper cervical myelopathy due to arachnoiditis and spinal cord tethering from adjacent C-2 osteomyelitis. Case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajpal, Sharad; Chanbusarakum, Krisada; Deshmukh, Praveen R

    2007-01-01

    Myelopathy caused by a spinal cord infection is typically related to an adjacent compressive lesion such as an epidural abscess. The authors report a case of progressive high cervical myelopathy from spinal cord tethering caused by arachnoiditis related to an adjacent C-2 osteomyelitis. This 70-year-old woman initially presented with a methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis involving the C-2 odontoid process. She was treated with appropriate antibiotic therapy but, over the course of 4 weeks, she developed progressive quadriparesis. A magnetic resonance image revealed near-complete resolution of the C-2 osteomyelitis, but new ventral tethering of the cord was observed at the level of the odontoid tip. She subsequently underwent open surgical decompression and cord detethering. Postoperatively she experienced improvement in her symptoms and deficits, which continued to improve 1 year after her surgery. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of progressive upper cervical myelopathy due to arachnoiditis and cord tethering from an adjacent methicillin-sensitive S. aureus C-2 osteomyelitis.

  14. MR findings of squamous cell carcinoma arising from chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Dong Hwa; Lee, Ji Hae; Cho, Woo Ho; Kim, Jae Hyung; Jeong, Myeong Ja; Kim, Soung Hee; Kim, Ji Young; Kim, Soo Hyun; Kang, Mi Jin; Bae, Kyung Eun [Dept. of Radiology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    Malignant transformation is a rare and late complication of untreated chronic osteomyelitis. Known radiographic findings of the malignant transformation of chronic osteomyelitis are osteolytic or mixed sclerotic and osteolytic lesions with or without soft tissue mass. But its magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings are rarely described in the literature. We experienced a case of an 82-year-old man diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma arising from long standing chronic osteomyelitis of the tibia. Our case indicates that radiologists should consider the possibility of malignant transformation in patients with untreated chronic osteomyelitis, with enhancing soft tissue mass invading and extending through underlying bone cortex and medulla on MR imaging.

  15. Influence of osteomyelitis location in the foot of diabetic patients with transtibial amputation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faglia, Ezio; Clerici, Giacomo; Caminiti, Maurizio; Curci, Vincenzo; Somalvico, Francesco

    2013-02-01

    To evaluate the prevalence of osteomyelitis in different areas of the foot and the possible correlation between localization and outcome of major amputation. From January 2008 to December 2010, a total of 350 diabetic patients were admitted to our diabetic foot unit for the surgical treatment of osteomyelitis. Osteomyelitis was diagnosed when both the probe-to-bone maneuver and plain radiography were positive. In all of these patients, osteomyelitis was confirmed by histological examination. Osteomyelitis was localized to the forefoot in 300 (85.7%) patients, to the midfoot in 27 (7.7%) patients, and to the hindfoot in the remaining 23 (6.75) patients. On average, foot lesions had developed 6.6 ± 5.6 months before admission to our unit. Transtibial amputation was performed in 1 (0.33%) patient with forefoot osteomyelitis, in 5 (18.5%) patients with midfoot osteomyelitis, and in 12 (52.2%) patients with osteomyelitis of the heel (χ(2) = 128.4, P amputation outcome (odds ratio 15.3; P transtibial amputation when osteomyelitis involved the heel instead of the midfoot or forefoot in diabetic patients. Level III, retrospective comparative series.

  16. Osteomielitis aguda en los niños Acute osteomyelitis in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Armando Noguera Valverde

    2008-03-01

    children and it generally has hematogenous dissemination, sometimes associated with trauma. Factors such as age, the immunological state and concomitant diseases influence on the aetiology. In most of the cases, the main aetiological agent is Staphylococcus aureus. An opportune diagnosis is important to prevent sequelae on medium and long term. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of a group of patients with acute osteomyelitis. METHODS. A retrospective review of the medical histories of the patients that had been discharged from the infectology service of the National Children Hospital with diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis, in Costa Rica, from August 1994 to January 1995, was made. RESULTS. 49 discharges were registered and data from 35 patients were tabulated. 65 % were males. Mean age was 7 ± 342 years old and the length of hospital stay was10.31 ± 5.55 days. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated in 28 % of the cases. Haemophilus influenzae was isolated in one case (3 %, in blood (hemoculture +. No germen was isolated in 57 % of the cases. The affected anatomical sites were mainly the tibia (26 %, the femur (20 % and the calcaneous (17 %. Oxacillin was used in the treatment of 30 of the 35 patients (86 %, whereas amikacine was administered in 61 % of the cases. In the S. aureus strains, it was found a resistance to oxacillin of 7 %. CONCLUSIONS. The findings were similar to those reported in literature as regards etiology, affected anatomical site and antibiotic coverage. The clinician must suspect an acute osteomyelitis in every child with pain, bone pain and inflammation with functional affectation, whether it appeared spontaneously or associated with trauma to have an opportune diagnosis and an efficient treatment.

  17. Comparison of the Conventional Surgery and the Surgery Assisted by 3d Printing Technology in the Treatment of Calcaneal Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Wenhao; Tao, Zhenyu; Lou, Yiting; Feng, Zhenhua; Li, Hang; Cheng, Liang; Zhang, Hui; Wang, Jianshun; Guo, Xiaoshan; Chen, Hua

    2017-09-19

    This study was aimed to compare conventional surgery and surgery assisted by 3D printing technology in the treatment of calcaneal fractures. In addition, we also investigated the effect of 3D printing technology on the communication between doctors and patients. we enrolled 75 patients with calcaneal fracture from April 2014 to August 2016. They were divided randomly into two groups: 35 cases of 3D printing group, 40 cases of conventional group. The individual models were used to simulate the surgical procedures and carry out the surgery according to plan in 3D printing group. Operation duration, blood loss volume during the surgery, number of intraoperative fluoroscopy and fracture union time were recorded. The radiographic outcomes Böhler angle, Gissane angle, calcaneal width and calcaneal height and final functional outcomes including VAS and AOFAS score as well as the complications were also evaluated. Besides, we made a simple questionnaire to verify the effectiveness of the 3D-printed model for both doctors and patients. The operation duration, blood loss volume and number of intraoperative fluoroscopy for 3D printing group was 71.4 ± 6.8 minutes, 226.1 ± 22.6 ml and 5.6 ± 1.9 times, and for conventional group was 91.3 ± 11.2 minutes, 288.7 ± 34.8 ml and 8.6 ± 2.7 times respectively. There was statistically significant difference between the conventional group and 3D printing group (p 3D printing group achieved significantly better radiographic results than conventional group both postoperatively and at the final follow-up (p 3D printing model. This study suggested the clinical feasibility of 3D printing technology in treatment of calcaneal fractures.

  18. Subtalar arthrodesis for late sequelae of calcaneal fractures: fusion in situ versus fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, P J; Fu, Y C; Cheng, Y M; Lin, S Y

    1999-03-01

    Primary subtalar arthritis is not common. In most cases, it is the late sequela of intra-articular calcaneal fracture. Subtalar arthrodesis is mostly used for the treatment of traumatic subtalar arthritis in our clinics. We have compared our early cases of in-situ subtalar fusion with our recent cases of fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy in this clinical report. From 1989 to 1992, 15 feet of 13 patients were treated with subtalar arthrodeses for subtalar arthritis caused by malunion of calcaneal fractures. Fusion in situ was done by Ollier's approach, and resection of bony protrusion was done if there was lateral entrapment syndrome. From 1992 to 1995, 13 feet of 12 patients also received subtalar arthrodeses to salvage their calcaneal fractures, but the subtalar fusion was done by wide lateral approach, calcaneal sliding corrective osteotomy, and sometimes (11 of 13 feet) with Achilles tendon lengthening to restore the calcaneal height and width. Patients of both groups experienced obvious clinical improvement in subtalar pain relief, but there was no difference with walking distance, running, or jumping. The group undergoing fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy was more satisfied with regard to cosmetic results and shoe wear. The overall satisfactory rate in the group who underwent fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy (92%) was superior to the group who underwent fusion in situ (77%). Though our method of sliding corrective osteotomy does not provide much improvement to the talus declination angle, it is suitable for those patients with a "banana"-shaped calcaneus malunion. If the patient has prominent anterior ankle pain caused by tibiotalar impingement, we believe that a distraction subtalar arthrodesis would be more appropriate.

  19. Clinical and genetic association, radiological findings and response to biological therapy in seven children from Qatar with non-bacterial osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moussa, Taha; Bhat, Venkatraman; Kini, Vishwanatha; Fathalla, Basil M

    2017-09-01

    We aim to report the clinical manifestations, genetic testing results, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and biologics used in the management of non-bacterial osteomyelitis in our center. We conducted a retrospective review of medical records. A previously proposed classification was implemented as follows: chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNBO) and acute non-bacterial osteomyelitis. Four females and three males with a median age at presentation of 6 years (6 months-14 years) presented with arthralgia (7/7), back pain (4/7), arthritis (4/7) and bone pain (2/7). Six patients had CRMO and one patient had CNBO. Genetic testing revealed an apparent homozygote p.S734L LPIN2 mutation in two siblings, a heterozygote p.M694V MEFV mutation in one patient with familial Mediterranean fever and heterozygote p.Q219H PSTPIPI variant of unknown significance in one patient. The most common lesions on MRI involved the tibia (6/7), talar bones (5/7), fibula (4/7) and sacroiliac joints (4/7). Three patients received infliximab. Two are in remission after 2 and 5 years, and the third was advanced after 5 years to canakinumab. Two other patients received canakinumab first. One patient with Majeed syndrome and dyserythropoietic anemia exhibited evidence of improvement, and one had partial improvement and was then treated with infliximab. Non-bacterial osteomyelitis may coexist with other autoinflammatory diseases. MRI remains a favorable diagnostic tool and genetic testing may have a limited role in selected cases. Infliximab and canakinumab are associated with variable outcomes, and 6-week or less dosing intervals for both medications may be more effective. © 2016 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  20. Streptococcal vertebral osteomyelitis: multiple faces of the same disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo, O; Roset, A; Sobrino, B; Lora-Tamayo, J; Verdaguer, R; Jiménez-Mejias, E; Nolla, J M; Colmenero, J de D; Ariza, J

    2014-01-01

    The role of Streptococcus species as an aetiological microorganism of vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) is considered to be of little relevance. We aimed to describe a large number of cases of streptococcal vertebral osteomyelitis (SVO), to analyze the clinical features associated with different Streptococcus species, and to compare them with a cohort of patients with VO caused by Staphylococcus aureus. An incidence study and a retrospective, multicenter, observational clinical study of cases of SVO (1991-2011) were performed. Statistical comparison of SVO by different species and between them and staphylococcal VO was carried out. Over the whole period there was an increasing incidence in the number of VOs and SVOs per year (p Diseases.

  1. Recurrent digital infections and osteomyelitis in monozygotic twins with congenital analgesia and compulsive onychophagia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iorio, Matthew L; Barbour, John R

    2014-07-01

    Congenital insensitivity to pain is a rare sensory neuropathy that manifests with multiple and recurrent injuries secondary to a lack of negative pain stimuli. When present with compulsive onychophagia, prompt recognition and behavioral management to prevent chronic digital infection or amputation is imperative. We present the case of two 7 year-old monozygotic twins that presented with congenital insensitivity to pain and compulsive onychophagia without directed parental counseling or behavioral modification strategies. The presenting child was noted to have an acute digital felon and osteomyelitis of several distal phalanges, and the sister had a similar history with distal phalangeal amputations. The occurrence of these overlapping disorders in monozygotic twins has not been previously reported, however, patient and parental education with behavioral modifications of injurious and compulsive behavior is the cornerstone of management. In addition, we have provided a review of the diagnosis for clinical differentiation. © The Author(s) 2013.

  2. Disseminated Pasteurella multocida infection: Cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and myositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcantonio, Yasmin C; Kulkarni, Prathit A; Sachs, Shira; Ting, Kevin; Lee, Jennifer; Mendoza, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    A 67-year-old man with poorly controlled type II diabetes mellitus was evaluated for right lower extremity erythema and swelling and left-sided lower back pain. He was found to have Pasteurella multocida bacteremia; magnetic resonance imaging showed osteomyelitis of the lumbar spine with myositis in the adjacent left paraspinal muscles. He was initially treated with intravenous antibiotics and was later transitioned to oral amoxicillin. He recovered completely with six weeks of antimicrobial therapy.

  3. Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis and Thalidomide in Chronic Granulomatous Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Nalda, Andrea; Roca, Isabel; Fontecha, Cesar Galo; Fernández-Polo, Aurora; Barber, Ignasi; Martinez-Gallo, Mónica; Soler-Palacin, Pere

    2016-08-01

    Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency that leads to severe recurrent infection and inflammatory complications that are usually difficult to diagnose and treat. Several hyperinflammation mechanisms, such as decreased neutrophil apoptosis, toll-like receptor activation imbalance, Th17 cell induction, Nrf2 activity deficiency, and inflammasome activation, have been described in CGD patients However, there have been no reports of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis as an inflammatory complication in CGD, and the differential diagnosis of this condition with infectious osteomyelitis is challenging. Thalidomide has been used to treat several inflammatory manifestations in CGD patients with good clinical results. Here, we report the case of a previously asymptomatic 11-year-old boy who consulted for difficulty walking and pain at the back of the right thigh, with increased inflammatory markers. Multifocal bone involvement was seen on bone scintigraphy, and acute-phase reactants were elevated. On the basis of a suspected diagnosis of infectious osteomyelitis, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy was started, with no clinical response. Bone biopsy and microbiological tests yielded negative results; at that point, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis was suspected. The patient was unresponsive to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and corticosteroids. Thalidomide was started, and within 6 months, clinical and radiologic resolution of the condition was achieved with no adverse effects. More than 1 year after stopping thalidomide, the patient remained free of symptoms and inflammatory parameters are within normal levels. Thalidomide has a favorable safety profile compared with other alternatives and could be considered a feasible therapeutic option for this type of condition in selected patients. Copyright © 2016 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  4. Microbial isolates in chronic osteomyelitis--a guide to management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonge, T O; Ogunlade, S O; Fashina, A N

    2002-06-01

    Between August 1995 and December 1999, sixty patients with chronic osteomyelitis had the effluent from the discharging sinuses and bone biopsies cultured aerobically and anaerobically. 47 positive isolates were obtained and the organism commonly isolated both in the single- and two-organism isolates was Staphylococcus aureus. The sensitivity patterns of these isolates were carried out with the available antibiotic discs. 30 per cent of the organisms isolated were sensitive to ceftriaxone (Rocephine) and gentamycin.

  5. Percutaneous poking reduction and fixation versus open reduction and fixation in the treatment of displaced calcaneal fractures for Chinese patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Jian Wang

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: For the treatment of calcaneal fractures, percutaneous poking reduction and fixation is superior to open reduction and fixation in terms of the incidence of postoperative complications. But both techniques can obtain satisfactory clinical function.

  6. Effect of Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Imaging During the Reduction and Fixation of Displaced Calcaneal Fractures on Articular Congruence and Implant Fixation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eckardt, Henrik; Lind, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Operative treatment of displaced calcaneal fractures should restore joint congruence, but conventional fluoroscopy is unable to fully visualize the subtalar joint. We questioned whether intraoperative 3-dimensional (3D) imaging would aid in the reduction of calcaneal fractures......, resulting in improved articular congruence and implant positioning. METHOD: Sixty-two displaced calcaneal fractures were operated on using standard fluoroscopic views. When the surgeon had achieved a satisfactory reduction, an intraoperative 3D scan was conducted, malreductions or implant imperfections were......: Intraoperative 3D imaging improved the articular reduction of the posterior facet and secured optimal implant position in displaced calcaneal fractures. Radiation dose to the patient was less than that of a normal foot computed tomography scan. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, case series....

  7. Clinical value of imaging techniques in childhood osteomyelitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaiser, S.; Jorulf, H. [Karolinska Hospital, Astrid Lindgren Children`s Hospital, Dept. of Pediatric Radiology, Stockholm (Sweden); Hirsch, G. [Karolinska Hospital, Astrid Lindgren Children`s Hospital, Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, Stockholm (Sweden)

    1998-09-01

    Purpose: The traditional approach to investigating suspected osteomyelitis in children includes conventional radiography and bone scintigraphy. The roles of US, CT and MR imaging are controversial. Our objective was to determine whether the additional use of these modalities would yield information likely to lead to treatment modification. Material and Methods: Sixty-five children with clinically suspected osteomyelitis took part in a prospective study. All patients underwent conventional radiography and bone scintigraphy. In addition to this, US, CT and MR imaging were all performed in 33 patients; the remaining 32 patients were examined with various combinations of these three modalities. The value of the additional information obtained was estimated retrospectively by a pediatric orthopedic surgeon in terms of possible modification of treatment. Results: MR imaging was the modality with the highest sensitivity and specificity for detecting osteomyelitis. MR yielded information likely to influence treatment in the greatest proportion of patients (45%) followed by US (30%). Conclusion: The standard investigation protocol with the addition of US (because of its ability to detect subperiosteal abscesses early and simply) is adequate in uncomplicated cases. When additional imaging is required to outline a lesion, or in complicated cases, and when bone scintigraphy is inconclusive, MR imaging should also be performed. CT should be considered when MR investigation is not available or when anesthesia is required but cannot be provided. (orig.)

  8. A systematic review of animal models for Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reizner, W.; Hunter, J.G.; O’Malley, N.T.; Southgate, R.D.; Schwarz, E.M.; Kates, S.L.

    2015-01-01

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) osteomyelitis is a significant complication for orthopaedic patients undergoing surgery, particularly with fracture fixation and arthroplasty. Given the difficulty in studying S. aureus infections in human subjects, animal models serve an integral role in exploring the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis, and aid in determining the efficacy of prophylactic and therapeutic treatments. Animal models should mimic the clinical scenarios seen in patients as closely as possible to permit the experimental results to be translated to the corresponding clinical care. To help understand existing animal models of S. aureus, we conducted a systematic search of PubMed & Ovid MEDLINE to identify in vivo animal experiments that have investigated the management of S. aureus osteomyelitis in the context of fractures and metallic implants. In this review, experimental studies are categorized by animal species and are further classified by the setting of the infection. Study methods are summarized and the relevant advantages and disadvantages of each species and model are discussed. While no ideal animal model exists, the understanding of a model’s strengths and limitations should assist clinicians and researchers to appropriately select an animal model to translate the conclusions to the clinical setting. PMID:24668594

  9. Epigenetic Modification Mediates the Increase of LAG-3(+) T Cells in Chronic Osteomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yicun; Wang, Jun; Meng, Jia; Jiang, Hui; Zhao, Jianning; Qian, Hongbo; Chen, Tao

    2017-04-01

    Immune suppression plays critical roles in the development of chronic osteomyelitis, and the mechanisms underlying the development of immune suppression in chronic osteomyelitis have attracted much attention. LAG-3 is an important suppressor of T cell activation, but the role of LAG-3 in the immune regulation of chronic osteomyelitis is currently unknown. We sought to demonstrate if LAG-3 plays crucial roles in chronic osteomyelitis progression and has effects on immune suppression and exhausting of T cells, and what is the mechanism underlying LAG-3 deregulation in chronic osteomyelitis. We examined the expression of LAG-3 in the T cells of peripheral blood of 50 healthy controls and 50 patients with chronic osteomyelitis by flow cytometry. Clinical data were analyzed to determine the correlation between inflammation index and LAG-3 expression. Moreover, we isolated the CD4(+) T cells from healthy controls and chronic osteomyelitis patients to compare cell proliferation and IFN-γ production. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were utilized to analyze the epigenetic modification on LAG-3 expression in T cells. We found that LAG-3 was significantly increased in the T cells of peripheral blood from chronic osteomyelitis patients. Subsequently, clinical data analysis suggested that the higher expression of LAG-3 was associated with severer inflammation situation. Consistently, LAG-3(+)CD4(+) T cells exhibited impaired cell proliferation and IFN-γ secretion. Deregulation of histone methylation mediated the increase of LAG-3(+) T cells during chronic osteomyelitis. Taken together, our study demonstrates the increase of LAG-3(+) T cells and its immune regulatory roles in chronic osteomyelitis progression, suggesting new mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets for chronic osteomyelitis.

  10. Invasive aspergillosis osteomyelitis in children - a case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winterstein, Anton R.; Bohndorf, Klaus; Vollert, Kurt [Klinikum Augsburg, Department of Radiology, Augsburg (Germany); Wagner, Theodor [Klinikum Augsburg, Department of Pathology, Augsburg (Germany); Gnekow, Astrid [Klinikum Augsburg, Department of Pediatrics, Augsburg (Germany); Roemer, Frank W. [Klinikum Augsburg, Department of Radiology, Augsburg (Germany); Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2010-08-15

    Immunocompromised patients are at high risk of secondary infection associated with high morbidity. In children these complications include fungal osteomyelitis due to continuous infiltration or hematogenous spread. The case of a 4-year-old boy is presented who developed lumbalgia and thigh pain during ongoing chemotherapy for acute lymphatic leukemia. MRI revealed infarct-like lesions in the femur and L5 vertebra, which were biopsied. The histologic diagnosis was consistent with angioinvasive aspergillosis. A multifocal osseous presentation has rarely been described in children and an overview of the literature is presented. Invasive aspergillosis is a rare complication to be considered in children with MRI-detected bony lesions of infarct-like appearance. (orig.)

  11. Contribution of Reduced Interleukin-10 Levels to the Pathogenesis of Osteomyelitis in Children with Sickle Cell Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almawi, Wassim Y.

    2015-01-01

    Osteomyelitis is a significant complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), and several factors contribute to its pathogenesis, including altered expression of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. In view of the role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) as an anti-inflammatory cytokine, we tested the notion that SCD osteomyelitis is associated with a reduction in IL-10 secretion and, hence, precipitation of a proinflammatory state. Study subjects comprised 52 SCD patients with confirmed diagnosis of osteomyelitis and 165 age- and gender-matched SCD patients with negative histories of osteomyelitis. Results obtained showed that IL-10 serum levels in SCD osteomyelitis patients were significantly lower than those of control SCD patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis demonstrated that altered IL-10 serum levels predicted the development of osteomyelitis, and the mean area under ROC curves of IL-10 was 0.810 among SCD patients with osteomyelitis. A systematic shift in IL-10 serum levels toward lower values was seen in osteomyelitis cases, with an increased osteomyelitis risk associated with decreased IL-10 levels. Multivariate logistic regression analyses confirmed the independent association of reduced IL-10 with osteomyelitis after controlling for sickle hemoglobin (HbS), fetal hemoglobin (HbF), platelet count, and white blood cell (WBC) count. These data support the strong association of decreased IL-10 levels with osteomyelitis, thereby supporting a role for IL-10 in osteomyelitis follow-up. PMID:26135971

  12. Successful treatment of perineal necrotising fasciitis and associated pubic bone osteomyelitis with the vacuum assisted closure system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Susim; O'Donnell, Mark E; Khan, Khalid; Dunne, Gillian; Carey, P Declan; Lee, Jack

    2008-01-01

    Background Acute necrotising fasciitis is a life-threatening condition, which requires urgent surgical intervention. Surgical debridement is invariably associated with large areas of tissue loss. Case presentation We present a 58-year old woman with a past history of cervical carcinoma who presented with necrotising fasciitis of the perineum and upper thighs with associated pubic bone osteomyelitis. Following extensive debridement, a Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC) system was applied to the large residual defect to facilitate skin graft application and optimise wound healing. Conclusion This case demonstrates the successful management of a complex and potentially lethal wound of the perineum with debridement, skin grafting and the VAC system. PMID:18577204

  13. Successful treatment of perineal necrotising fasciitis and associated pubic bone osteomyelitis with the vacuum assisted closure system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunne Gillian

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute necrotising fasciitis is a life-threatening condition, which requires urgent surgical intervention. Surgical debridement is invariably associated with large areas of tissue loss. Case presentation We present a 58-year old woman with a past history of cervical carcinoma who presented with necrotising fasciitis of the perineum and upper thighs with associated pubic bone osteomyelitis. Following extensive debridement, a Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC system was applied to the large residual defect to facilitate skin graft application and optimise wound healing. Conclusion This case demonstrates the successful management of a complex and potentially lethal wound of the perineum with debridement, skin grafting and the VAC system.

  14. FAILED PRIMARY TREATMENT OF CALCANEAL FRACTURE. WHAT TO DO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matej Andoljšek

    2008-02-01

    When conservative treatment fails, operative treatment is indicated in most patients withbone and joint problems. The goals of surgical treatment are pain relief and restoration oftalocalcaneal alignment. In lateral impingement, when subtalar joint and general alignmentof the tuber are preserved, removal of the bulged lateral wall could suffice. In suchcases a corrective osteotomy of the tuber is rarely indicated. In painfull subtalar arthrosisfusion is the only option. Limited fusion is preferable. »In situ« subtalar fusion is advisablein cases without malalignment or deformity. When we have arthrosis and varus/valgusdeformity with preserved height, arthrodesis with corrective osteotomy is indicated. In mostcases, where complex deformity is present, corrective subtalar distraction bone-blockarthrodesis should be done

  15. Case Report: Rare occurrence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa osteomyelitis of the right clavicle in a patient with IgA nephropathy [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/37r

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aishwarya Damodaran

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe the case of a 47 year old patient with proven primary IgA nephropathy who presented with osteomyelitis of the medial end of the right clavicle. The patient was not on immunosuppressive medications. He underwent aspiration curettage and CT scan of the clavicle which yielded pus that grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Following treatment with appropriate antibiotic therapy the patient presented a complete recovery of the lesion with no loss of renal function. This case highlights the importance of positive cultures in the choice of the appropriate therapy in an extremely rare case of an immunocompetent patient with osteomyelitis of the clavicle.

  16. Brucellosis: unusual presentations in two adolescent boys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piampiano, P.; McLeary, M.; Young, L.W. [Dept. of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Loma Linda University Children' s Hospital, Loma Linda, CA (United States); Janner, D. [Div. of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Loma Linda University Medical Center and Children' s Hospital, Loma Linda, CA (United States)

    2000-05-01

    Two boys presented with variable signs and symptoms of infectious disease that challenged diagnosis. One of the two patients had aortic valve vegetations and lower extremity aneurysms, and the other had calvarial osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, pleural effusions, and pulmonary nodules. Only after a battery of bacterial and fungal agglutination tests was the unsuspected diagnosis made in each of brucellosis from Brucella canis. (orig.)

  17. Osteomyelitis of sternum and rib after breast prosthesis implantation: A rare or underestimated infection?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piseth Seng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sternum and rib osteomyelitis complicated from breast implant infection is rare. We report a case of early sternum and rib osteomyelitis occurred during breast implant infection managed in an inter-regional referral center for bone/joint infections in the south of France.

  18. Low-cost antibiotic delivery system for the treatment of osteomyelitis in developing countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rasyid, Hermawan Nagar

    2009-01-01

    Although application of biomaterials has been one of the major assets in modern medicine to improve the quality of life of patients, occurrence of a chronic osteomyelitis is still a serious health threat to the individual patient. Chronic osteomyelitis can result in morbidity affecting the viability

  19. Prediction of the course of acute odontogenic pathology with pronounced osteomyelitis by immunoglobulin and cytokin evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Yaremenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our trial was detection of the most significant clinico-laboratory factors in the saliva and blood samples of the patients with odontogenic osteomyelitis in order to predict severity of the clinical course of osteomyelitis and to choose the optimal treatment tactics.

  20. Nuklearmedicinske dyreforsøg: Grisemodel til forskning i bedre diagnostik af osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Jensen, Svend Borup; Afzelius, Pia

    2017-01-01

    Siden 2012 har en tværfaglig gruppe forsket i bedre diagnostik af osteomyelitis. I projektet er en række sporstoffers evne til at påvise osteomyelitis blevet sammenlignet i unge grise, som en uge forinden var blevet inokuleret med Staphylococcus aureus i den ene femoral-arterie. Modellen viste sig...

  1. Operative treatment of calcaneal fractures: improved outcomes and low complications rates with a strict management protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasukutty, N; Kumar, V; Diab, M; Moussa, W

    2017-04-01

    This is a retrospective review of 80 intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation by a specialist team under supervision of a single surgeon in a tertiary centre between 2005 and 2014. The fractures were evaluated with plain radiography and computed tomography, and graded using the Eastwood-Atkins classification. A lateral approach was used and all fractures were fixed with calcaneal plates. All patients had clinical and radiological follow-up. Clinical assessment included foot and ankle disability index, SF-36 ® and Kerr-Atkins scores. The mean follow-up duration was 72 months (range: 12-130 months). The mean age of patients was 49 years (range: 17-73 years). There were three open fractures and eight patients had other injuries. The mean Bohler's angle improved from 6° preoperatively to 26° postoperatively. The mean foot and ankle disability index score was 78.62, the mean SF-36 ® scores were 45.5 (physical component) and 52.6 (mental component), and the mean Kerr-Atkins score was 72 (range: 36-100). Early complications included one case of screw protrusion in the subtalar joint (which warranted a repeat procedure), one sural nerve injury and one wound breakdown, which healed with non-operative measures. Twelve patients had symptomatic subtalar joint osteoarthritis. Four of these had subtalar fusion. We believe that our strict protocols of patient selection, intraoperative and postoperative management produced long-term results comparable with those in the peer reviewed literature.

  2. The effects of medial and lateral displacement calcaneal osteotomies on ankle and subtalar joint pressure distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davitt, J S; Beals, T C; Bachus, K N

    2001-11-01

    We compared the pressure distribution in the ankle and posterior facet of the subtalar joint following 1 cm medial and lateral displacement calcaneal osteotomies to the pressure distribution in the intact foot. Six cadaver specimens were loaded in neutral alignment while pressure measurements were recorded. A 1-cm medial displacement osteotomy shifted the average center of force in the ankle 1.0 mm medially (p = 0.36) while a lateral displacement osteotomy shifted the center of force 1.1 mm laterally (p = 0.42). There was also a slight shift in the percentage of pressure toward the side of the talus to which the calcaneus was shifted. For the lateral displacement osteotomy, the pressure increased 4.0% in the lateral-most quadrant (p = 0.05), while the medial osteotomy increased the pressure 1.3% in the medial quadrant (p = 0.30). In the subtalar joint, a medial displacement osteotomy shifted the pressure distribution slightly medially (5.9%, p = 0.06) and more anteriorly (9.6%, p = 0.02) while the distribution was shifted laterally (5.9%, p = 0.17) and anteriorly (5.6%, p = 0.03) with a lateral displacement osteotomy. These shifts of percentage of pressure between quadrants of the joints were slight-less than 5% in the ankle and less than 10% in the subtalar joint. Significant translation of the calcaneal tuberosity appears to have only a small effect on pressure distribution in the ankle and posterior facet of the subtalar joint in a weighted cadaver model.

  3. Ligamentotaxis for complex calcaneal fractures using Joshi′s external stabilization system

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    Singh Ajai

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Controversies exist in the literature regarding the management of complex fractures of the calcaneum. We evaluated a series of complex fractures of the calcaneum managed by ligamentotaxis using Joshi′s external stabilization system (JESS for its efficacy. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients having complex (comminuted, intra-articular fracture with compromised soft tissue condition fractures of the calcaneum, who were treated by external fixator (JESS based on the principle of ligamentotaxis. The gradual distraction was done to bring the articular margins together to maintain both alpha and beta angles to near normal range. Thirteen (28.9% patients underwent additional corticocancellous bone grafting with elevation of posterior facet. All patients were evaluated for their functional outcomes by American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle society (AOFAS Score for the ankle and hind foot. Mean duration of follow-up was 20.5 months. Results: Forty-two (93.4% of our patients did well with the ligamentotaxis. On evaluating final outcomes by AOFAS, approximately 71% of cases showed good results. Eleven patients (24.4% complained of persistent heel pain in the long-term follow-up. Out of these, eight (17.8% patients were those who had severe comminution with almost total loss of calcaneal height. The origin of heel pain was not the subtalar joint in all of these patients. On long-term follow-up none of these patients suffered from such severe pain so as to compel them to change the nature of their activity. Conclusion: We conclude that ligamentotaxis by JESS provides a viable and user-friendly alternative method of management of these complex calcaneal fractures.

  4. Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis in a 9-year-old Boy

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    Abdolreza Malek

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO is a rare aseptic, auto-inflammatory bone disorder. CRMO presents with bone pain with or without fever. The diagnosis of CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion and should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bone lesions in children. Cultures of the bone are typically sterile, antibiotic therapy does not result in clinical improvement whereas anti-inflammatory drugs improve the condition. Furthermore, biopsy should be considered in chronic and relapsing bone pain and swelling unresponsive to treatment. Herein, we present a nine-year-old boy complaining of recurrent pain in his upper and lower extremities. On examination he had mild fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. He also had experienced bone pain and weight loss in the recent month. Based on biopsy and bone scan he was finally diagnosed with CRMO. Naproxen and Pamidronate was prescribed and he was getting better and returned to normal life and activity without need to corticosteroids.

  5. An update on the evaluation and management of plantar puncture wounds and Pseudomonas osteomyelitis.

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    Inaba, A S; Zukin, D D; Perro, M

    1992-02-01

    The management of children who present to the ED with plantar puncture wounds is dependent upon the nature of the injury, the examination of the puncture site, and the potential risk of a retained foreign body. Not all patients will require wound enlargement and a search for a retained foreign body. Close follow-up of all children who are being treated as outpatients is of vital importance in detecting an early development of an infectious complication. Pseudomonas osteomyelitis should be suspected in all patients who present with foot pain, swelling, and a decreased ability to bear weight after sustaining a nail puncture through a sneaker. The current consensus favors open surgical débridement followed by a course of intravenous antibiotics. The exact duration of the postoperative antibiotic course is still being debated.

  6. A secreted bacterial protease tailors the Staphylococcus aureus virulence repertoire to modulate bone remodeling during osteomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassat, James E.; Hammer, Neal D.; Campbell, J. Preston; Benson, Meredith A.; Perrien, Daniel S.; Mrak, Lara N.; Smeltzer, Mark S.; Torres, Victor J.; Skaar, Eric P.

    2013-01-01

    Summary Osteomyelitis is a common manifestation of invasive Staphylococcus aureus infection. Pathogen-induced bone destruction limits antimicrobial penetration to the infectious focus and compromises treatment of osteomyelitis. To investigate mechanisms of S. aureus-induced bone destruction, we developed a murine model of osteomyelitis. Micro-computed tomography of infected femurs revealed that S. aureus triggers profound alterations in bone turnover. The bacterial regulatory locus sae was found to be critical for osteomyelitis pathogenesis, as Sae-regulated factors promote pathologic bone remodeling and intraosseous bacterial survival. Exoproteome analyses revealed the Sae-regulated protease aureolysin as a major determinant of the S. aureus secretome and identified the phenol soluble modulins as aureolysin-degraded, osteolytic peptides that trigger osteoblast cell death and bone destruction. These studies establish a murine model for pathogen-induced bone remodeling, define Sae as critical for osteomyelitis pathogenesis, and identify protease-dependent exoproteome remodeling as a major determinant of the staphylococcal virulence repertoire. PMID:23768499

  7. Primary sternal osteomyelitis caused by Nocardia nova: case report and literature review

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    Ioannis G. Baraboutis

    Full Text Available A 51 year old woman without significant past medical history or risk factors for Nocardia infection developed primary Nocardia nova sternal osteomyelitis with mediastinal abscess, diagnosed with open biopsy. She required prolonged antibiotic therapy and had a favorable outcome. Primary sternal osteomyelitis develops in the absence of a contiguous focus of infection, as opposed to secondary sternal osteomyelitis, which is usually a complication of sternotomy. Staphylococcus aureus probably still is the most common cause of both forms of sternal osteomyelitis. Nocardia species invade humans usually through the respiratory tract and can cause a variety of localized infections through the hematogenous route. Pulmonary involvement may or may not coexist. Immunosuppressed patients are more prone to infection by Nocardia species, although cases involving seemingly immunocompetent patients are not rare. This is the first reported case in the English literature of primary sternal osteomyelitis due to Nocardia nova or any other Nocardia species.

  8. A novel porcine model of implant associated osteomyelitis: a comprehensive analysis of local, regional and systemic response

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Louise Kruse; Koch, Janne; Dich-Jorgensen, Kirstine

    2017-01-01

    Pigs are favorable experimental animals for infectious diseases in humans. However, implant associated osteomyelitis (IAO) models in pigs have only been evaluated using high-inoculum infection (>108 CFU) models in 1975 and 1993. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to present a new low inoculum...... in serum and enlargement of regional lymph nodes. A positive correlation was present between a high number of surrounding neutrophils and high values of all other parameters. Furthermore, a threshold of 40 neutrophils per 10 high power fields for the histopathological diagnosis of high grade IAO...

  9. Pediatric Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis of the Jaw: Clinical, Radiographic, and Histopathologic Features.

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    Padwa, Bonnie L; Dentino, Kelley; Robson, Caroline D; Woo, Sook Bin; Kurek, Kyle; Resnick, Cory M

    2016-12-01

    Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is a focal sterile inflammatory osteitis in children that most commonly develops in the long bones, but can occur in any bone. The disease course is variable, ranging from acute and self-resolving isolated lesions to chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), which is frequently associated with extraosseous inflammatory disease. The purpose of this study was to present our clinical experience with CNO of the mandible in children. The specific aims were to 1) document the clinical characteristics, radiographic findings, and histologic features of CNO and 2) determine the percentage of our sample with multifocal disease (CRMO). This is a retrospective case series of patients with mandibular CNO. To be included, patients had to have a mandibular lesion radiographically consistent with osteomyelitis without infection, onset before aged 18 years, and complete records. Medical records were reviewed for history, clinical features, imaging, and pathology. Descriptive data were summarized. The sample included 22 patients (13 female and 9 male patients) with disease onset at a mean age of 9.05 ± 2.4 years. On presentation, all patients reported mandibular pain and swelling, and 45% had trismus. All had clinical and/or radiographic findings of multifocal intraosseous disease and/or extraosseous inflammatory lesions. Of the patients, 12 (54%) had a documented family history of autoimmune or autoinflammatory disease and 15 (68%) had elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates during a flare. Computed tomography scans typically showed expansion of the affected mandible with sclerosis of the medullary space, small foci of poorly defined lytic destruction with a lamellated periosteal reaction, and swollen muscles of mastication. Four distinct histologic features were noted including parallel and interconnected osteoid seams, atypical osteoid, areas of woven bone and hypocellular fibroblastic stroma resembling fibrous dysplasia, and

  10. Infective endocarditis complicated by aortic graft infection and osteomyelitis: case report and review of literature

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    Zouein E

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Elie Zouein,1 Robert Wetz,1 Neville Mobarakai,1 Samer Hassan,1 Iris Tong21Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, New York, NY USA; 2Department of Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USAAbstract: Primary aortic graft infection early after aortic graft insertion is well described in the literature. Here, we present a unique case of late aortic graft infection 5 years after insertion secondary to mitral valve endocarditis, resulting from cellulitis in a patient with severe venous varicosities. A 63-year-old male presented for severe low back pain, constipation, and low-grade fever. An abdominal computed tomography scan with oral and intravenous contrast showed a normal spine and urinary tract. Blood and urine cultures, done at the same time, grew Staphylococcus aureus. A transesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis of endocarditis. Subsequently, a gallium scan showed increased uptake in the vertebral bodies, aortic graft, left patella, and left ankle. After 3 months of antibiotic therapy, the patient's low back pain resolved with normalization of his laboratory values. He remained free of infection at a 2-year follow-up. We reviewed the literature concerning the atypical presentation of infective endocarditis, with a focus on distant metastases at initial presentation, such as osteomyelitis and aortic graft infection, as well as the different treatment modalities. This report describes successful medical treatment with intravenous followed by oral antibiotics for an infected endovascular graft without any surgical intervention.Keywords: endocarditis, osteomyelitis, aortic graft infection, septic emboli, endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR

  11. The value of calcaneal bone mass measurement using a dual X-ray laser calscan device in risk screening for osteoporosis

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    Gulseren Kayalar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how bone mineral density in the calcaneus measured by a dual energy X-ray laser (DXL correlates with bone mineral density in the spine and hip in Turkish women over 40 years of age and to determine whether calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser variables are associated with clinical risk factors to the same extent as axial bone mineral density measurements obtained using dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry (DXA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2,884 Turkish women, aged 40-90 years, living in Ankara were randomly selected. Calcaneal bone mineral density was evaluated using a dual energy X-ray laser Calscan device. Subjects exhibiting a calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T- score <-2.5 received a referral for DXA of the spine and hip. Besides dual energy X-ray laser measurements, all subjects were questioned about their medical history and the most relevant risk factors for osteoporosis. RESULTS: Using a T-score threshold of -2.5, which is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO, dual energy X-ray laser calcaneal measurements showed that 13% of the subjects had osteoporosis, while another 56% had osteopenia. The mean calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T-score of postmenopausal subjects who were smokers with a positive history of fracture, hormone replacement therapy (HRT, covered dressing style, lower educational level, no regular exercise habits, and low tea consumption was significantly lower than that obtained for the other group (p<0.05. A significant correlation was observed between the calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T-score and age (r=-0.465, p=0.001, body mass index (BMI (r=0.223, p=0.001, number of live births (r=-0.229, p=0.001, breast feeding time (r=-0.064, p=0.001, and age at menarche (r=-0.050, p=0.008. The correlations between calcaneal DXL and DXA T-scores (r=0.340, p=0.001 and calcaneal DXL and DXA Z-scores (r=0.360, p=0.001 at the spine, and calcaneal DXL and DXA T- scores (r=0.28, p=0.001 and calcaneal

  12. Osteomielitis crónica esclerosante difusa Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis

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    M. Paula Aparicio M

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La osteomielitis esclerosante difusa se considera como una osteomielitis crónica primaria consistente en un proceso inflamatorio, doloroso y prolongado en el tiempo. Afecta solo a la mandíbula y es generalmente unilateral, compromete hueso basal y alveolar, y se localiza al nivel de cuerpo, ángulo, rama e incluso cóndilo. La causa es aún controversial, ya que algunos le atribuyen un origen infeccioso, mientras otros lo consideran una condición no infecciosa, como producto de sobrecargas o asociado con síndrome SAPHO (sinovitis, acné, pustulosis, hiperostosis y osteítis, pero la literatura no es concluyente. Con respecto al tratamiento, al igual que su causa, no está totalmente esclarecido y se describen a lo largo del tiempo distintas alternativas, que van desde lo conservador a lo más radical. Se presenta el seguimiento y tratamiento durante 7 meses de una paciente afectada por osteomielitis esclerosante difusa con 18 años de evolución aproximadamente, que ha sido refractaria a las alternativas terapéuticas convencionales.Diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis is considered a chronic primary osteomyelitis consisting in an inflammatory, painful and prolonged process. It only affects the mandible and it is generally unilateral. It involves the basal and alveolar bone and it is located at the level of body, angle, branch and even condyle. The cause is more controversial, since some attribute an infectious origin to it, whereas others consider it as a non-infectious condition resulting from the overloads or associated with SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis, but literature is not concluding. Treatment as well as its cause are not totally clear. Different alternatives are described that go from the conservative to the most radical position. The 7-month follow-up and treatment of a female patient suffering from diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis with approximately18 years of evolution that has been refractory

  13. Infective endocarditis and osteomyelitis caused by Cellulomonas: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Ping-Chang; Chen, Yao-Shen; Lee, Susan Shin-Jung

    2009-10-01

    Cellulomonas spp. are often believed to be of low virulence and have never been reported as a pathogen causing human disease before. We report the first case of endocarditis caused by Cellulomonas and complicated with osteomyelitis of the lumbar spine in a 78-year-old woman. General weakness and aggravated lower back pain followed by sudden-onset of fever and chills were the major presentation. The diagnosis of infective endocarditis in this case was definitely using the Duke criteria. The magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed infective spondylodisciitis at an early stage. After a full course of antibiotics treatment, the patient's fever subsided but her lower back pain persisted. A slow clinical response to appropriate antimicrobial agents was characteristic of Gram-positive bacillary endocarditis.

  14. Sternal Osteomyelitis and Abscess Caused by Elbowing during a Basketball Game

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    Hideo Ichimura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital for further investigation and treatment of sternal osteomyelitis due to blunt chest trauma, more specifically elbowing during a basketball game 19 days earlier. On an initial presentation, his chest was markedly swollen and chest computed tomography demonstrated a sternal fracture and massive fluid collection in the chest wall. Since his general condition remained fairly good, we initially selected minimal drainage concomitant with antibiotics; if it was unsuccessful, we planned to switch to a more radical debridement procedure. The patient recovered without further invasive intervention and was discharged on postoperative day 26. There is no sign of recurrence six months after operation. This case report indicates that minimal drainage would be a good option for treatment in a phased strategy.

  15. Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis secondary to hydatid disease of bone using gentamycin beads.

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    Obeidat, Moutasem M; Mustafa, Ziad

    2012-09-01

    Hydatid disease of bone is rare. It remains asymptomatic over a long period. It is usually detected after a pathological fracture or secondary infection or following the onset of compressive myelopathy in cases of vertebral lesions. Secondary infection of hydatid disease of bone could be difficult to treat. The authors present a case of chronic osteomyelitis of the proximal aspect of the left femur in a 37-year-old male patient secondary to hydatid disease of bone. It was treated by aggressive debridement, gentamycin beads, and bone graft to fill the defect. No recurrence of the hydatid lesion or infection was detected after 2 years. This case showed that in addition to aggressive debridement, gentamycin beads may be valuable in eradicating the infection in such a case.

  16. Calcaneal stress fracture: an adverse event following total hip and total knee arthroplasty: a report of five cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miki, Takaaki; Miki, Takahito; Nishiyama, Akihiro

    2014-01-15

    Stress fractures have been reported to occur in the pubis, femoral neck, proximal part of the tibia, and fabella during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty. However, to our knowledge, calcaneal stress fractures after total hip or total knee arthroplasty have not been reported in the English-language literature. Most orthopaedic surgeons are not familiar with calcaneal stress fractures that may occur in elderly patients after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features, imaging findings, and bone mineral content of the proximal part of the femur and the distal end of the radius in five patients who had a calcaneal stress fracture after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty. All patients were women with a mean age of 76.8 years. All fractures occurred in the calcaneus on the same side as the arthroplasty. The fracture appeared at a mean of 10.2 weeks postoperatively. All patients reported heel pain on walking. Swelling and local heat were found in four and three patients, respectively. Pain was elicited by squeezing the calcaneus in all patients. Early radiographs had normal findings in two patients, and an irregular sclerotic line appeared later in the radiographs of all patients. All fractures were treated conservatively. Four fractures healed uneventfully, but one fracture displaced. All patients had osteoporosis. Calcaneal stress fractures during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty may not be as rare as previously thought. Because clinical symptoms of the fracture appear insidiously and radiographic findings are absent or subtle in the early stage, a high index of suspicion is needed for orthopaedic surgeons to make the correct diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging or repeated radiographs may be necessary to make the correct diagnosis when no abnormality is apparent on the initial radiograph.

  17. Urinary Mineral Concentrations in European Pre-Adolescent Children and Their Association with Calcaneal Bone Quantitative Ultrasound Measurements

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    Karen Van den Bussche

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates differences and associations between urinary mineral concentrations and calcaneal bone measures assessed by quantitative ultrasonography (QUS in 4322 children (3.1–11.9 years, 50.6% boys from seven European countries. Urinary mineral concentrations and calcaneal QUS parameters differed significantly across countries. Clustering revealed a lower stiffness index (SI in children with low and medium urinary mineral concentrations, and a higher SI in children with high urinary mineral concentrations. Urinary sodium (uNa was positively correlated with urinary calcium (uCa, and was positively associated with broadband ultrasound attenuation and SI after adjustment for age, sex and fat-free mass. Urinary potassium (uK was negatively correlated with uCa but positively associated with speed of sound after adjustment. No association was found between uCa and QUS parameters after adjustment, but when additionally adjusting for uNa, uCa was negatively associated with SI. Our findings suggest that urinary mineral concentrations are associated with calcaneal QUS parameters and may therefore implicate bone properties. These findings should be confirmed in longitudinal studies that include the food intake and repeated measurement of urinary mineral concentrations to better estimate usual intake and minimize bias.

  18. Immune deficiency, thrombocytopenia and osteomyelitis in pediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, C R; Lee, K E; Ogden, J A; McIntosh, L S

    1978-01-01

    Surgical decompression of osteomyelitis in pediatric patients should be an essential part of therapy in most cases. The initial deferral of prompt decompression in two patients because of underlying chronic, hemorrhagic (thrombocytopenic) disorders-one with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and one with Gaucher's disease-resulted in more serious and prolonged courses of the infectious processes. The complications might have been ameliorated by earlier drainage in each case. Based upon the experience gained from these two patients, we recommend early drainage, with appropriate treatment of the hemorrhagic disorder, to prevent more widespread dissemination or prolongation of osseous infection in similarly affected children.

  19. Osteomyelitis resulting from chronic filamentous fungus olecranon bursitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llinas, Laura; Olenginski, Thomas P; Bush, David; Gotoff, Robert; Weber, Valerie

    2005-10-01

    We describe a case of Phaeoacremonium olecranon osteomyelitis. The patient, initially felt to have traumatic olecranon bursitis, was found to have an indolent filamentous fungus cultured from the olecranon bursa. In retrospect, x-rays revealed bony erosion, which heightened the index of suspicion for infection in this particular case. Surgical bursal excision was performed and antifungal therapy was administered with clinical resolution. This case emphasizes that aspiration, synovial fluid analysis, and culture of bursal fluid is essential in excluding typical and atypical causes of chronic bursitis.

  20. Chronic Non-Bacterial («Sterile» Osteomyelitis in the Practice of Pediatric Rheumatologist, the Contemporary Diagnostic and Treatment Approaches: Literature Review and Own Data Analysis

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    O. L. Kopchak

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the current data on the pathogenesis, features of clinical manifestations, and diagnostics of different variants of chronic non-bacterial («sterile» osteomyelitis (CNO. The inherited forms of the disease, such as syndromes of deficiency of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (DIRA, sterile pyarthrosis with pyoderma gangrenosum and acne (PAPA-syndrome, dyserythropoietic anemia with chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (Majeed-syndrome are described. The pathogenesis of CNO and related diseases is based on hyperproduction of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly of interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α. Based on the literature data and our own observations, the recommendations for diagnostics and treatment of CNO are presented.