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Sample records for calcaneal fractures treated

  1. Pediatric calcaneal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hobie Summers

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Although operative treatment of displaced, intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus in adults is generally accepted as standard practice, operative treatment for the same fractures in the skeletally immature remains controversial, potentially because the outcome for fracture types (intra- vs. extra-articular and severity (displaced vs. nondisplaced have been confounded in studies of children. We review herein the results of 21 displaced, intra-articular fractures in 18 skeletally immature patients, who were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using a standard surgical approach and protocol developed for adults. The average pre-operative Böhler's angle on the injured side was -5° (range: -35 - +35 compared to 31° (range: +22 - +47 on the uninjured side, indicating substantial displacement. There were no post-operative infections or wound healing problems, and all but one patient was followed to union (average follow-up: 1.5 years; range: 0.30-4.3 years. Maintenance of reduction was confirmed on follow-up radiographs with an average Böhler's angle of 31° (range: +22 - +49. We demonstrate that results for operative fixation of displaced, intra-articular calcaneal fractures in the skeletally immature are comparable to those in adults when the treatment protocol is the same.

  2. Outcome Determining Factors for displaced Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures treated operatively

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    Nawfar SA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Calcaneal fractures are caused by high energy trauma and mostly are intra-articular fractures. Nondisplaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture (IACF can be treated non-operatively. However, displaced intra-articular need to be reduced and fixed anatomically to facilitate early ankle rehabilitation and minimize functional impairment. This study was done to find out the outcome of the IACF patients who underwent operative treatment. Methods: 62 patients with IACF were selected in this study and had been followed up from June 2009 to May 2013. They were placed into two groups; the operative treated and non-operative treated groups. Bilateral ankle lateral view plain radiographs were taken for comparison of the Bohler and Gissane angles. Both groups of patients were assessed by the Maryland Foot Score (MFS and the SF-36v2 general health survey questionnaire. The ability of the patients to perform activity of daily living (ADL and /or return to work (RTW was assessed as well. Results: The operative treatment group of displaced IACF patients achieved no significant better scores in the mean MFS and SF-36v2 mean scores as compared to non operated cases. There was no difference in RTW between the 2 groups, but earlier ADL was recorded in the operated group. However, this study had found 5 associated factors which causes major effect to the patients’ outcome to treatment. Conclusions: The patient’s compliance with post-operative rehabilitation regimen were found to be significantly related with the outcomes

  3. Calcaneal fractures • In children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1989-07-15

    Jul 15, 1989 ... Eight patients with 9 calcaneal fractures were reviewed. Of the fractures 6 were intra-articular and 3 extra-articular but in children this distinction appears to have little relevan~e to treatment or prognosis. While these fractures are relatively uncommon in children, clinical suspicion is important in making the ...

  4. Cement Calcaneoplasty: An Innovative Method for Treating Nonunion in Calcaneal Insufficiency Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godavitarne, Charles; Fawzy, Ernest; Giancola, Giorgio; Louette, Luc

    2016-01-01

    Insufficiency type stress fractures are common in older patients with osteoporosis. Persistent pain after nonunion of these fractures can be disabling, with the management options often limited. We aimed to assess the suitability of fluoroscopic-guided injection of bone cement into a persistently symptomatic nonuniting calcaneal insufficiency fracture. To the best of our knowledge, this technique has not previously been described in the published data. After local subcutaneous anesthesia, the midpoint of the fracture site was accessed by trocar insertion under radiographic guidance, and bone cement was injected directly into the site. A preprocedure visual analog scale pain score of 90 of 100 was recorded. This had improved to 0 of 100 at the 12-month follow-up point after the procedure. The aim of the present case report was to raise awareness of percutaneous calcaneoplasty, which we believe to be a safe and well-tolerated technique for the management of osteoporotic insufficiency fracture of the calcaneus. We propose that this technique be considered when conservative methods aimed at promoting fracture healing have failed. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Percutaneous Fixation of Displaced Calcaneal Fracture

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    Yeung Yip-Kan

    2011-06-01

    Conclusion: Percutaneous fixation of displaced tongue-type calcaneal fractures is an effective treatment with acceptable clinical outcome, short hospital stay, minimal skin complications, and quick recovery.

  6. The fate of Bohler's angle in conservatively-treated displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

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    Bakker, Berdine; Halm, Jens A.; van Lieshout, Esther M. M.; Schepers, Tim

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Although the predictive value of Bohler's angle on outcome remains subject of debate, the initial angle at the time of trauma still guides treatment. Changes in Bohler's angle during follow-up are frequently reported following surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal

  7. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated in a minimally invasive fashion: longitudinal approach versus sinus tarsi approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tao; Su, Yanling; Chen, Wei; Zhang, Qi; Wu, Zhanpo; Zhang, Yingze

    2014-02-19

    The optimal treatment for displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus remains controversial. This study aims to assess the clinical outcomes of a minimally invasive longitudinal approach compared with the sinus tarsi approach in the surgical treatment of these fractures. Patients with a displaced intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus who were admitted to the trauma center of our hospital from September 2009 through April 2010 were randomly assigned to treatment using one of these two surgical techniques. All patients underwent the same standardized postoperative rehabilitation protocol. Functional outcome was assessed by using the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society scores. Linear regression analysis was performed to identify the potential influencing factors for functional outcomes. One hundred and sixty-seven patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Thirty-seven patients were lost to follow-up for various reasons, and the remaining 130 patients were followed for an average of twenty-seven months. Sixty-nine fractures in sixty-three patients were treated using a minimally invasive longitudinal approach (the MILA group), and seventy-two feet in sixty-seven patients were treated with a sinus tarsi approach (the STA group). The two groups were comparable in terms of age, sex, fracture type, and time from injury to operation. The operative time in the MILA group was significantly shorter than that in STA group (p 0.05). The good and excellent results in the two groups were comparable for the Sanders type-II and III calcaneal fractures (p > 0.05), but the good to excellent rate in the STA group was significantly higher for the Sanders type-IV fractures (p influence on functional outcomes. Outcomes are similar for the minimally invasive longitudinal and sinus tarsi surgical approaches in the treatment of Sanders type-II and III displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus, with the benefit of a lower complication

  8. Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Imaging in Calcaneal Fracture Treatment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gwak, Heui-Chul; Kim, Jeon-Gyo; Kim, Jung-Han; Roh, Sang-Myung

    2015-01-01

    ...) fluoroscopic images, which are used in the treatment of acute calcaneal fractures. We retrospectively analyzed 40 patients who suffered calcaneal fracture and underwent surgery at Inje University Busan Paik Hospital...

  9. Clinical efficacy and prognosis factors of open calcaneal fracture: a retrospective study

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    Zhang, Xuebin; Liu, Yueju; Peng, Aqin; Wang, Haili; Zhang, Yingze

    2015-01-01

    Background: Treatment of open calcaneal fractures remains to be a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. The aim of this study is to assess factors affecting the treatment results of open calcaneal fractures. Methods: A total of 98 patients who have 101 open calcaneal fractures were recruited in our hospital, they were all treated with a standard protocol based on the appearance of the traumatic wound. Data on mechanism of injury, location and size of wound, classification, fixation methods and subsequent soft-tissue complications were collected and evaluated. AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Survey and physical examinations were performed to access outcomes. Results: No statistical difference was found in complication and AOFAS score in open calcaneal fractures treated with different fixation, and no statistical difference was found in AOFAS between gustilo I and II type open calcaneal fractures (P > 0.05). There was significant difference between gustilo I and III type or gustilo II and III type fractures (P < 0.05). The more serious soft tissue injury of open calcaneal fracture lead to the worse outcome and higher incidence of complications obtained. Conclusion: Open calcaneal fractures have a high propensity for soft-tissue complications no matter which fixation method was chose. There was no significant difference between patients who had been treated with different fixations in complication rates. Soft-tissue injury played an important role in outcomes of open calcaneal fractures. Deep infections and osteomyelitis were rare by means of emergency debridement and following repeated debridement. PMID:26064282

  10. The new intra-articular calcaneal fracture classification system in term of sustentacular fragment configurations and incorporation of posterior calcaneal facet fractures with fracture components of the calcaneal body

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Harnroongroj, Thossart; Harnroongroj, Thos; Suntharapa, Thongchai; Arunakul, Marut

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a new calcaneal fracture classification system which will consider sustentacular fragment configuration and relation of posterior calcaneal facet to calcaneal body. Methods...

  11. Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Fixation of Calcaneal Fractures in Children.

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    Feng, Yongzeng; Yu, Yang; Shui, Xiaolong; Ying, Xiaozhou; Cai, Leyi; Hong, Jianjun

    2016-07-01

    Open reduction and internal fixation has been widely used to treat displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures in children. However, the complications of surgical trauma and the wound created through the extended lateral approach cannot be ignored. This study analyzed the outcomes of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in children treated with closed reduction and percutaneous fixation. Medical records of pediatric patients who had displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures and underwent closed reduction and percutaneous fixation at the study institution between January 2008 and January 2013 were reviewed. Preoperative radiographs and computed tomography scans were used to evaluate and classify the fractures. Clinical outcomes and radiographic findings were assessed at postoperative follow-up. The study included 14 displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in 11 patients (7 boys and 4 girls). Mean patient age was 11.18 years (range, 6-16 years), and average follow-up time was 42.8 months postoperatively (range, 12-72 months). There were 6 tongue-type fractures and 8 joint depression-type fractures, based on the Essex-Lopresti classification, and there were 11 type II and 3 type III fractures, based on the Sanders classification. Average Böhler angle was 8.00° (range, -5° to 18°) preoperatively and 30.79° (range, 26° to 40°) postoperatively (P<.001). Average subjective American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot score was 65.7 (range, 52-68). No patients had wound breakdown or infection. In the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in pediatric patients, closed reduction and percutaneous fixation achieved good outcomes, with few complications. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(4):e744-e748.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  12. Complications in calcaneal fracture surgery and implant removal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Backes, M.

    2017-01-01

    This thesis focuses on postoperative wound complications in calcaneal fracture surgery and implant removal. The extended lateral approach (ELA) in calcaneal fracture surgery is hampered with high rates of postoperative wound infection (POWI) of up to 25%. No placement of a closed suction drain is

  13. Computed tomography of calcaneal fractures

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    Heger, L.; Wulff, K.; Seddiqi, M.S.A.

    1985-07-01

    Computed tomography (CT) of 25 fractured calcanei was performed to investigate the potential of CT in evaluating the pattern and biomechanics of these fractures. The characteristic findings of typical fractures are presented, including the number and type of principal fragments, size and dislocation of the sustentacular fragment, and involvement of the anterior and posterior facets of the subtalar joint. In 17 cases, the calcaneus consisted of four or more fragments. Furthermore, in 17 cases the sustentacular fragment included all or part of the posterior facet joint. In 18 of the 25 cases, the sustentacular fragment was displaced. It is concluded that well performed CT is an invaluable adjunct in understanding the fracture mechanism and in detecting pain-provoking impingement between the fibular malleolus and the tuberosity fragment.

  14. The role of multidetector CT in evaluation of calcaneal fractures

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    Kareem Mohsen Moussa

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: The study showed that multidetector computed tomography is the best method for assessing and classifying calcaneal fractures, as well as delineating the fracture fragments and helping in making the pre-operative planning.

  15. Ultrasonographic diagnostics and evaluation of calcaneal fracture: case report

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lukac, Damir; Milenović, Natasa; Drapsin, Miodrag; Kecojević, Vaso; Sekulić, Slobodan; Klasnja, Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    Radiography is the standard tool in the diagnostics of bone fractures. This paper presents a case of calcaneal fracture diagnosed by ultrasonography that was also used in the follow-up of recovery progress...

  16. Calcaneal fractures • In children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1989-07-15

    Jul 15, 1989 ... pointed our that this reported incidence is possibly erroneously low in view of the subtle clinical and radiographic presentation of this injury. A history of trauma may not be forthcoming, and furthermore, the blow required to produce a fracture of calcaneum, especially in the younger child, may be surprisingly.

  17. Operative treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures with calcaneal plates and its complications

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    Rak Vaclav

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In a retrospective study we analysed intra-articular calcaneal fracture treatment by comparing results and complications related to fracture stabilization with nonlocking calcaneal plates and locking compression plates. Materials and Methods: We performed 76 osteosynthesis (67 patients of intra-articular calcaneal fractures using the standard extended lateral approach from February 2004 to October 2007. Forty-two operations using nonlocking calcaneal plates (group A were performed during the first three years, and 34 calcaneal fractures were stabilized using locking compression plates (group B in 2007. In the Sanders type IV fractures, reconstruction of the calcaneal shape was attempted. Depending on the type of late complication, we performed subtalar arthroscopy in six cases, arthroscopically assisted subtalar distraction bone block arthrodesis in six cases, and plate removal with lateral-wall decompression in five cases. The patients were evaluated by the AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Scale. Results: Wound healing complications were 7/42 (17% in group A and 1/34 (3% in group B. No patient had deep osseous infection or foot rebound compartment syndrome. Preoperative size of Bφhler´s angle correlated with postoperative clinical results in both groups. There were no late complications necessitating corrective procedure or arthroscopy until December 2008 in Group B. All late complications ccurred in Group A. The overall results according to the AOFAS Ankle Hindfoot Scale were good or excellent in 23/42 (55% in group A and in 30/34 (85% in group B. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of intra-articular calcaneal fractures has become a standard surgical method. Fewer complications and better results related to treatment with locking compression plates confirmed in comparison to nonlocking ones were noted for all Sanders types of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Age and Sanders type IV fractures are not considered to be the

  18. [Operative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwipp, H; Rammelt, S; Amlang, M; Pompach, M; Dürr, C

    2013-12-01

    Anatomic reduction of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with restoration of height, length, and axial alignment and reconstruction of the subtalar and calcaneocuboid joints. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with incongruity of the posterior facet of the subtalar joint, loss of height, and axial malalignment. High perioperative risk, soft tissue infection, advanced peripheral arterial disease (stage III), neurogenic osteoarthropathy, poor patient compliance (e. g., substance abuse). Extended lateral approach with the patient placed on the uninjured side. Reduction of the anatomic shape and joint surfaces according to the preoperative CT-based planning. Reduction of the medial wall and step-wise reconstruction of the posterior facet from medial to lateral. Reduction of the tuberosity and anterior process fragments to the posterior joint block and temporary fixation with Kirschner wires. Internal fixation with an anatomic lateral plate in a locking or nonlocking mode. Alternatively less invasive internal fixation with a calcaneus nail over a sinus tarsi approach for less severe fracture types. The lower leg is immobilized in a brace until the wound is healed. Range of motion exercises of the ankle and subtalar joints are initiated on the second postoperative day. Patients are mobilized in their own shoe with partial weight bearing of 20 kg for 6-12 weeks depending on fracture severity and bone quality. Over a 4-year period, 163 patients with 184 displaced, intra-articular calcaneal fractures were treated with a lateral plate via an extended approach. In all, 102 patients with 116 fractures were followed for a mean of 8 years. A surgical revision was necessary in 4 cases (3.4%) of postoperative hematoma, 2 (1.7%) superficial and 5 (4.3%) deep infections. Of the latter, 2 patients needed a free flap for definite wound coverage, no calcanectomy or amputation was needed. Secondary subtalar fusion for symptomatic posttraumatic arthritis was

  19. Surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus: comparison between flat plate and calcaneal plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Almeida da Silva

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results of surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus, comparing the use of calcaneal plate and flat plate. METHODS: This was a retrospective study assessing the postoperative results of 25 patients between 2013 and 2015. Patients undergoing surgical treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus without concomitant surgical lesions were included. Patients who did not complete appropriate follow-up after surgery were excluded from the study. RESULTS: The unavailability of calcaneal plates at resource-limited settings, associated with the availability and lower cost of flat plates, may have been a confounding factor in the present study. However, there was no statistical difference between the outcomes of fractures treated with calcaneal plates or flat plates. CONCLUSION: Statistical inference shows that, when calcaneal plates are not available, it is possible to use flat plates with similar clinical outcomes.

  20. Radiologic aspects of calcaneal fractures in childhood and adolescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rasmussen, F.; Schantz, K.

    One hundred and forty-three calcaneal fractures in 140 patients under the age of19 years were reviewed. Of the total number, 75% were in males. Eighty fractures were seen in females under 13 years of age and in males under 16 years of age. Fifteen (19%) of these fractures were initially not recognized. Four projections were available in the majority of the cases, and were reviewed: lateral, axial, straight dorsoplantar and oblique dorsoplantar views. The various types of fractures had different courses and localizations. The optimum demonstration of a fracture in a certain projection will therefore be dependent on the type of fracture present. It is clinically difficult to foresee a specific type of calcaneal fracture, and consequently it is recommended that all four views should be obtained routinely following trauma to the calcaneal region in patients of the pertinent age groups.

  1. Helical CT of calcaneal fractures: technique and imaging features

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    Wechsler, R.J.; Schweitzer, M.E.; Karasick, D.; Deely, D.M.; Morrison, W. [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiology, 111 South 11th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107 (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Since the degree of comminution, fracture alignment, and articular congruity of intra-articular calcaneal fractures are important determinants in surgical treatment and patient prognosis, we review helical computed tomographic (CT) technique and features for detecting and assessing the extent of acute calcaneal fractures. Helical CT can be used to classify these fractures and facilitate the surgeon`s understanding of the anatomy and position of the fracture components in all orthogonal planes independently of the patient`s condition, foot placement in the CT gantry, or other injuries. (orig.) With 13 figs., 13 refs.

  2. Calcaneal fractures in children | De V. de Beer | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Eight patients with 9 calcaneal fractures were reviewed. Of the fractures 6 were intra articular and 3 extra-articular but in children this distinction appears to have little relevance to treatment or prognosis. While these fractures are relatively uncommon in children, clinical suspicion is important in making the diagnosis, since ...

  3. Conservative Management of Calcaneal Fractures. A Retrospective Review of Treatment Outcome

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    HY Wong

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Treatment of calcaneal fracture is still controversial and indication for surgery is not well established. We are reporting the mid term outcome of calcanel fractures treated conservatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients admitted with calcaneal fractures from 1st November 2002 till 31st December 2004 and were treated conservatively were included in this study. The fractures were grouped according to Essex-Lopresti classification and their outcomes were assessed with the Maryland foot score. We also looked at time to weight bearing and returning to occupational activity. RESULTS: Forty-four patients were included for evaluation. Patients with extraarticular calcaneal fractures had significantly higher rating scores compared to those with intraarticular fractures (98.2 and 88.8 respectively, with a p value = 0.0001. Generally, both group of patients had a good clinical outcome. 18 of the 44 patients (41% started partial weight bearing before or at 6 weeks and 31 patients (72% were able to start full weight bearing by 12 weeks. 31 patients (72% were back to work 12 weeks after the injury. CONCLUSION: Conservative management for calcaneal fractures is an acceptable mode of treatment with satisfactory functional outcome.

  4. Outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of intraarticular calcaneal fracture fixed with locking calcaneal plate

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    Jain Saurabh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Objective: Debate continues regarding the management of calcaneal fractures, between open re- duction and internal fixation and closed treatment. Hence we aim at evaluating the radiological and functional out- comes of open reduction and internal fixation in displaced joint depression type of calcaneal fractures fixed with lock- ing calcaneal plate. Methods: In this series, 28 patients (26 unilateral and 2 bilateral with joint depression type of calcaneal fractures as per Essex-Lopresti classification system were operated on with locking calcaneal plate within 3 weeks of injury. Patients were evaluated in terms of associated injuries and X-rays of anteroposterior, lateral and axial views of the calcaneum. CT scan was done to assess the amount of com- minution and articular depression. Patients were followed up clinically and radiologically at least for 1 year. Radiologi- cal assessment was done by Bohler’s angle and Gissane’s angle along with measurement of calcaneal height and width. Functional outcome was assessed using the American Or- thopaedics Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS scale. Results: At average follow-up of 14.5 months, average AOFAS score was 86.3 (range 66 to 97, with 86% having excellent to good results and 2 (7.7% and 1 (3.7% having fair and poor results respectively. All patients had stable ankle joint with all having dorsiflexion and plantar flexion more than 30°. Average subtalar range of motion was 17°. The mean Bohler’s angle, mean Gissane’s angle, calcaneal height and width were 25.47°, 121.3°, 4.32 cm and 3.81cm respectively at final follow-up. Three patients had flap ne- crosis at incision site and one had superficial and deep infection. Subtalar arthritis was seen in 5 patients, whereas sural nerve hypoaesthesia in 1 patient. None of the patients had compartment syndrome, heel pad problems, peroneal tendinitis, reflex sympathetic dystropy or implant failure. Conclusion: Open reduction and

  5. Computed tomography of calcaneal fractures. Comparison with conventional radiography

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    Ishino, Youichi; Oono, Masato; Uchino, Akira; Satou, Yoshiyuki; Nakata, Hajime.

    1989-03-01

    Computed tomography (CT) and conventional radiography were compared in 52 calcaneal fractures. As for CT, direct coronal imagings were performed in all and direct axial imagings were added in 27 of them. Conventional radiography included lateral, axial, and Anthonsen (oblique) views. Overall CT detected 7 more of the incongruity of the posterior facet, 9 more of the bulging of the lateral wall, and 6 more of the fracture of the sustentaculum tali than conventional radiography. In addition the entrapment of the peroneal tendons between the calcaneal body and the fibular malleolus could be evaluated only with CT. These informations are indispensable for the proper treatment of the fractures and we conclude that CT is useful in evaluating calcaneal fractures. (author).

  6. Management of Intraarticular Calcaneal Fractures by Minimally Invasive Sinus Tarsi Approach-Early Results

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    Meraj A

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The operative treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures has been a controversial topic. Soft tissue conditions and concomitant disease must be considered in these patients. The minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach is a valid therapeutic solution that guarantees stability, anatomic reduction of the fracture and soft tissue preservation. Twenty-five closed calcaneal fractures in 20 patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using the sinus tarsi approach (including fixation with cannulated screws. All fractures healed by the time of final follow-up at 18 months. The time to union judged both clinically and radiographically, averaged 3 months. Mean Maryland foot scores were: 95 in type II; 91 in type III; and 83 in type IV fractures. Advantages offered by this new approach include a less invasive incision while still permitting good visualization and anatomic reduction of articular surfaces and with few complications.

  7. Subtalar versus triple arthrodesis after intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, Tim; Kieboom, Brenda C. T.; Bessems, Gert H. J. M.; Vogels, Lucas M. M.; van Lieshout, Esther M. M.; Patka, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Depending upon initial treatment, between 2 and 30% of patients with a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture require a secondary arthrodesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subtalar versus triple arthrodesis on functional outcome. A total of 33 patients with 37

  8. Subtalar versus triple arthrodesis after intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); B.C.T. Kieboom (Brenda); J.H.J.M. Bessems (Gert); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); P. Patka (Peter)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractDepending upon initial treatment, between 2 and 30% of patients with a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture require a secondary arthrodesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subtalar versus triple arthrodesis on functional outcome. A total of 33 patients

  9. The heel of achilles: calcaneal avulsion fracture from a gunshot wound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, D E; Heckman, J D

    1989-02-01

    Greek mythology relates that the legendary warrior Achilles was made invincible by his mother Thetis, who dipped him in the River Styx while holding him by his heel. Because his heel was never immersed, it remained his one area of vulnerability. After the fall of Troy, Achilles met his demise when he was shot in the heel by Paris, whose arrow was guided by the Greek god Apollo. This is the derivation of the term "Achilles tendon." Avulsion fractures of the tuberosity of the calcaneus are rare injuries. Schonbauer reviewed a series of 870,000 accident cases treated at the Vienna Trauma Hospital and found only four such cases in addition to 151 cases of subcutaneous Achilles tendon rupture. In Bohler's series of 182 calcaneal fractures, avulsion of the calcaneal tuberosity accounted for less than 1% of these injuries. Rowe reported four Achilles avulsion fractures in his series of 154 calcaneal fractures. Three basic mechanisms of injury have been described: (1) dorsiflexion violence against the maximally plantarflexed foot, typically occurring in a fall from a height; (2) powerful contraction of the triceps surae muscle with simultaneous extension of the knee such as when a person is about to sprint in a race; (3) a direct blunt blow to the hindfoot. We are describing a case of avulsion of the calcaneal tuberosity due to direct penetrating trauma from a gunshot wound, a mechanism not previously reported.

  10. Regression analysis of controllable factors of surgical incision complications in closed calcaneal fractures

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    Kai Wu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In surgeries of closed calcaneal fractures, the lateral L-shaped incision is usually adopted. Undesirable post-operative healing of the incision is a common complication. In this retrospective study, controllable risk factors of incision complications after closed calcaneal fracture surgery through a lateral L-shaped incision are discussed and the effectiveness of clinical intervention is assessed. Materials and Methods: A review of medical records was conducted of 209 patients (239 calcaneal fractures surgically treated from June 2005 to October 2012. Univariate analyses were performed of seven controllable factors that might influence complications associated with the surgical incision. Binomial multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors of statistical significance. Results: Twenty-one fractures (8.79% involved surgical incision complications, including 8 (3.35% cases of wound dehiscence, 7 (2.93% of flap margin necrosis, 5 (2.09% of hematoma, and 1 (0.42% of osteomyelitis. Five factors were statistically significant : t0 he time from injury to surgery, operative duration, post-operative drainage, retraction of skin flap, bone grafting, and patients′ smoking habits. The results of multivariate analyses showed that surgeries performed within 7 days after fracture, operative time > 1.5 h, no drainage after surgery, static skin distraction, and patient smoking were risk factors for calcaneal incision complications. The post-operative duration of antibiotics and bone grafting made no significant difference. Conclusion: Complications after calcaneal surgeries may be reduced by postponing the surgery at least 7 days after fracture, shortening the time in surgery, implementing post-operative drainage, retracting skin flaps gently and for as short a time as possible, and prohibiting smoking.

  11. Anterior process calcaneal fractures: a systematic evaluation of associated conditions

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    Petrover, David [NYU Hospital for Joint Disease, Radiology Department, New York, NY (United States); Hopital Beaujon, Service de Radiologie, Paris (France); Schweitzer, Mark E. [NYU Hospital for Joint Disease, Radiology Department, New York, NY (United States); Laredo, J.D. [Hopital Lariboisiere, Service de Radiologie, Paris (France)

    2007-07-15

    The objective was to evaluate the association, by MRI, of anterior calcaneal process fractures with tarsal coalitions, ankle sprains, and bifurcate ligament abnormalities. A retrospective review of 1,479 foot and ankle MR images was performed, over a period of 5 years, for isolated anterior process fractures of the calcaneus. Fifteen 1.5-T MR examinations were systematically evaluated by two radiologists in consensus. Marrow edema patterns, presence of a calcaneonavicular coalition, as well as bifurcate and anterior talofibular ligaments, were evaluated. There were 15 fractures of the anterior calcaneal process with an incidence of 1%. The average patient age was 51 years (range 25-82). Twelve patients were women and 3 were men. The majority of the fractures (14 out of 15) presented as an edema pattern on T2-weighted images, either diffuse (9 out of 15), or vertical (5 out of 15). One case did not show marrow edema, but rather a hypointense line. Nine patients (60%) demonstrated calcaneonavicular coalition and anterior calcaneal process fracture. In 6 patients (50%) the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) was thickened. Three patients did not have axial images, and were classified as non-conclusive for the ATFL evaluation. The bifurcate ligament was thickened with hyperintense signal demonstrating a sprain in 9 out of 13 (69%). Only 2 patients (16.5%) had an anterior calcaneal process fracture without any associated abnormality. We believe that there is a probable association of anterior process fractures and calcaneonavicular coalitions. We also feel, based on our results and the prior literature that there is likely also an association with both ATFL injuries and bifurcate ligament injuries. (orig.)

  12. Intra-articualr calcaneal fractures: Computed tomographic analysis

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    Rosenberg, Z.S.; Feldman, F.; Singson, R.D.

    1987-02-01

    Computed tomography (CT) analysis of 21 intra-articular calcaneal fractures categorized according to the Essex-Lopresti classification revealed the following distribution: joint depression-type 57%, comminuted type 43%, tongue-type 0%. The posterior calcaneal facet was fractured and/or depressed in 100% of the cases while the medial facet was involved in only 25% of the cases. CT proved superior to plain films by consistently demonstrating additional fracture components within each major category suggesting subclassifications which have potential prognostic value. CT allowed more expeditious handling of acutely injured patients, and improved preoperative planning, postoperative follow-up, and detailed analysis of causes for chronic residual pain. CT further identified significant soft tissue injuries such as peroneal tendon displacement which cannot be delineated on plain films.

  13. Surgical Management of Calcaneal Malunion

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    Guang-Rong Yu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Calcaneal malunion is a common complication after conservative treatment or incorrect surgical treatment of calcaneal fracture. The typical pathoanatomies of calcaneal malunion are subtalar joint incongruity, loss of calcaneal height, arch collapse, varus or valgus deformity of the calcaneus, heel widening and so on. Calcaneal malunion often needs to be treated surgically. The classification of calcaneal malunion and the detailed clinical and radiographical assessment play important roles for surgical option. The main surgical methods include in situ subtalar arthrodesis, reconstruction of calcaneal thalamus and subtalar arthrodesis, calcaneal osteotomy with subtalar arthrodesis, corrective calcaneal osteotomy without subtalar arthrodesis. Each option has its different indications, advantages and disadvantages. Thus, the surgical treatment should be individualised.

  14. Surgical treatment of sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures using a sinus tarsi approach

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    Chul Hyun Park

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications. This study was prospectively performed to evaluate the results of the sinus tarsi approach for Sanders Type 2 calcaneal fractures using postoperative computed tomography (CT. Materials and Methods: Between October 2012 and December 2013, 20 Sanders Type 2 calcaneal fractures were consecutively treated using a sinus tarsi approach and checked using CT preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at 12 months after surgery. Clinical evaluations were performed using the visual analog scale (VAS and the ankle-hindfoot score developed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS. Radiographic evaluations were performed using calcaneus lateral and axial radiographs, hindfoot alignment radiograph, and CT. Changes in Böhler's angles and calcaneal widths were evaluated both preoperatively and at last followup. Reduction of the posterior facet was graded according to articular step, defect, and angulation of the posterior facet in CT. Results: VAS and AOFAS scores were significantly improved at 1 year after surgery but did not improve further. Böhler's angles and calcaneal widths were significantly improved after surgery. Böhler's angle was significantly smaller at the last followup than immediately after surgery, whereas calcaneal width was maintained. Reduction of the posterior facet was graded excellent in five feet (25%, good in ten (50%, and fair in five (25% on immediately

  15. Calcaneal Fractures and Böhler’s Angle

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    Lindsey Spiegelman

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available History of present illness: 40-year-old male presents to the emergency department after falling off a ladder. He was repairing a window when he fell, landing on the ground 12 feet below. The patient landed onto his feet bilaterally and then fell backwards onto his buttocks. On arrival, the patient had bilateral foot pain. He denied any back pain, headache, or loss of consciousness. Significant findings: The right ankle lateral radiograph shows a comminuted, non-displaced fracture of the posterior calcaneus (red arrow in addition to fracture fragments along the heel pad margin (blue arrow. The left ankle lateral radiograph shows a displaced, comminuted fracture of the mid to posterior calcaneus with extension into the subtalar joint posteriorly (purple arrow. There is subcutaneous air seen anteriorly to the tibiotalar joint space (green arrow in addition to a joint effusion. Of note, the Böhler’s angle in the left x-ray is 16 degrees which is consistent with a fracture (see red annotation showing Böhler’s angle. Discussion: Calcaneal fractures occur typically in adults who have undergone significant axial load on their feet secondary to a fall from high height.2,3 There are two broad types of calcaneal fractures: intraarticular and extraarticular.2 The intraarticular fractures are colloquially referred to as a “Lover’s Fracture” as they have been known to occur in those jumping out of a tall window to escape the wrath of a lover’s spouse.1 Calcaneal fractures are best diagnosed with a CT scan or with lateral x-ray by measuring Böhler’s angle.2,3 This is the angle formed by the intersection of two lines demonstrated on a normal lateral ankle radiograph. The first line is drawn between the superior aspect of the anterior process of the calcaneus (point A and the superior edge of the posterior articular facet (point B. The second line is drawn between the superior aspect of the posterior calcaneal tuberosity (point C and point B.2

  16. Operative compared to non-operative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

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    Mohammad Hadi Nouraei

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of open reduction and rigid internal fixation of dis-placed calcaneal fractures with that of non operative treatment. Methods: Seventy two consecutive patients with displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures were selected regarding inclusive and exclusive criteria and then were randomly allocated to surgical and non surgical groups. First group un-derwent open reduction and internal fixation with reconstruction plate and screws fixation and the other group were treated with closed reduction and cast immobilization. Data were collected by clinical observation and a check list. Data was analyzed by chi-square and student′s t-test. Results: The results showed significant difference between outcomes of surgical treatment and nonsurgical me-thod (p = 0.001. There were some differences between two methods in terms of decreasing pain [Odd Ratio (OR: 6.72, p = 0.001], swelling (OR: 6.80, p = 0.001, increased range of motion of the joints (p = 0.001, decreased late osteoarthritis (OR: 2.33, p = 0.22 in favor of surgical group. Conclusions: Open reduction and internal fixation of displaced calcaneal fractures in absence of open fracture, severe osteoporosis, or comminution, poor general condition may be the preferred method of treatment.

  17. Ultrasonographic diagnostics and evaluation of calcaneal fracture: Case report

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    Lukač Damir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Radiography is the standard tool in the diagnostics of bone fractures. This paper presents a case of calcaneal fracture diagnosed by ultrasonography that was also used in the follow-up of recovery progress. Case Outline. A 68-year-old male patient was diagnosed avulsion fracture of the calcaneus by ultra-sonography (US examination using a multi-frequency linear probe (7-15 MHz and confirmed by X-ray findings; US also provided insight into the dynamics of the reparatory processes. Control examinations were performed on day 14, 21, 30, 60 and 300 (10 months after the occurrence of the fracture. During this time rehabilitation process was carried out. The diameters of the wedge defect of the calcaneus were measured by US for the follow-up of the healing process of the injured bone. Postero-anterior (PA or longitudinal diameter and latero-medial or medio-lateral or transverse diameter were measured. Conclusion. Study results indicate a possible use of US in the diagnostics of fractures and monitoring of calcaneal healing.

  18. Demographics of extra-articular calcaneal fractures: Including a review of the literature on treatment and outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); A.Z. Ginai (Abida); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: Extra-articular calcaneal fractures represent 25-40% of all calcaneal fractures and an even higher percentage of up to 60% is seen in children. A disproportionately small part of the literature on calcaneal fractures involves the extra-articular type. The aim of this study

  19. Treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures by ligamentotaxis: Current concepts' review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); P. Patka (Peter)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: A large variety of therapeutic modalities for calcaneal fractures have been described in the literature. No single treatment modality for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures has proven superior over the other. This review describes and compares the different

  20. TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR DISPLACED FRACTURE OF THE CALCANEAL TUBEROSITY

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    Siva G. Prasad

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The aim of the study is to compare the outcome following conservative or surgical treatment for displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. MATERIALS AND METHODS 14 men and 4 women aged 20 to 44 years chose to undergo conservative (9 feet or surgical (10 feet treatment by a single surgeon for closed displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. The injury mechanism was a fall from a height of <1.5 m; the mean time from injury to treatment was 3 (range 1-7 days. Conservative treatment comprised immobilisation in a plaster cast. Surgical treatment involved fixation with a half thread cannulated screw for large fragments (in 6 feet or a mini-plate for comminuted fragments (in 4 feet. At the final follow-up, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS ankle and hind foot score was evaluated. RESULTS The conservative and surgery groups were comparable in terms of age, gender and fracture displacement. The mean follow-up duration was 20 (range, 14-24 months. All patients had bone union; none had implant loosening or breakage. One patient with surgical treatment developed skin numbness at the medial aspect of the heel that resolved following neurotrophic drug treatment for 3 months. The surgery group achieved earlier full weight bearing (5.8 vs. 7.5 weeks, p<0.001 and return to work (5.9 vs. 8.2 weeks, p=0.048, but comparable AOFAS score (89.0 vs. 88.2, p=0.4. CONCLUSION Surgery for displaced fracture of the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity enabled earlier full weight bearing and return to work, but comparable AOFAS score.

  1. Functional Outcome and Patient Satisfaction after Displaced Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures: A Comparison Among Open, Percutaneous, and Nonoperative Treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.S. de Boer (Annette ); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); D. den Hartog (Dennis); B. Weerts (Bas); M.H.J. Verhofstad (Michiel); T. Schepers (Tim)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractThe aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of patients with a displaced calcaneal fracture treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), percutaneous treatment, or nonoperative methods. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a level I trauma center of

  2. Extended Lateral Approach for Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures: An Inverse Relationship between Surgeon Experience and Wound Complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); D. den Hartog (Dennis); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThe current reference standard for the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures is open reduction and internal fixation using an extended lateral approach. In the present retrospective study, we evaluated the results of a consecutive series of patients treated in the

  3. [Manipulative reduction and external fixation with cardboard splint for the treatment of calcaneal fractures: a 60-case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Bo-Chuan; Xie, Ke-Bo

    2014-07-01

    To investigate the therapeutic effects of manipulative reduction for calcaneal fractures. From January 2009 to June 2012, 53 cases (60 affected feet) of Sanders type I-IV calcaneal fractures were treated by manipulative reduction and external fixation with cardboard splint,including 45 males and 8 females with an average age of (33.5 +/- 1.54) years old ranging from 18 to 65. The course of disease ranged 0.5 h to 7 d. Before treatment the feet were swelling, ache and activity limitation in evidence, some feet were wide flat deformity, the cortical bone was broken in the imaging examination. All selected cases were evaluated using Creighton-Nebraska health foundation assessment scale for fractures of calcaneus. All cases were followed up at 12 months after treatment, 13 feet got excellent curative effect, 34 good, 11 moderate and 2 poor. Manipulative reduction for Sanders type I-IV calcaneal fractures could get excellent curative effect. Manipulative reduction for calcaneal fractures could avoid surgical trauma while assure high curative effects. Manipulative reduction is not only economical and easy therapy, but also can restore maximum function of the calcaneus with few complications and facilitate early rehabilitation of ankle and joint function.

  4. The effect of fracture type and angular deterioration on the functional outcome of calcaneal fractures

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    Atilla Polat

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effect of fracture type and angular deterioration on the outcome of calcaneal fractures.Materials and methods: Thirty-two patients (23 males, 9 females; mean age 45 years with calcaneus fractures retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-four fractures were closed, and eight fractures were open. Böhler and Gissane angles were measured using patient’s before, and after reduction X-ray films. According to the Essex-Lopresti classification there were three type I, 14 type II, and 15 type III fractures. Five patients were treated with casting (Group I, 19 patients with closed reduction K-wire application (Group II, and 8 patients with plate fixation. Final clinical outcome were assessed by Maryland Foot Score. Mean follow-up period was 109 weeks.Results: Mean Böhler and Gissane angles were 7°, 85° before reduction, and 20°, 100° after reduction, respectively. The mean Maryland Foot Score was 62 (range 55-72 in Group I, 68 (range 40-90, and 66 (range 58-79 in group II.The Maryland Foot score in Type I fracture was higher than Type III (p=0.025, and Typ II (p=0.094, respectively. In terms of last radiologic examination, the Maryland Foot Score was higher in those angle’s were in normal border than whose angle’s were abnormal (p=0.027 and p=0.02, respectively. Mean correction of angles in Group III were more than Group I, and Gruop II (p<0.05.Conclusion: Severe calcaneus fracture was related to poor functional outcome. Böhler and Gissane angle can be more corrected with plate fixation method, but has similar functional outcome.

  5. An outcomes assessment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures, using patient and physician's assessment profiles.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kennedy, J G

    2012-02-03

    Thirty-six patients with intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures were examined to determine both physician- and patient-based outcomes. Three groups were selected. Group A was treated with open reduction and internal fixation, group B was treated with open reduction internal fixation and supplemental bone graft augmentation and the patients in group C were treated with plaster cast immobilisation and no formal operative treatment. All cohorts were well matched for age, sex and severity of injury. Patients were evaluated using both the American Foot and Ankle Society Scoring System (AFASS) and the short form 36 (SF-36). Minimum time to follow up was 4 years. No significant difference was observed between the three groups with regards to pain and functional outcomes using the AFASS score (P>0.05). No difference was observed between the three groups using the SF-36 score (P>0.1). A statistically significant difference was observed, using radiological criteria, between both groups A and B when compared to the non-operative group C. The rate of wound infection in groups A and B was 31.5%. No correlation was found between the SF-36 score and the AFASS score. No correlation was found between the radiological score and either the SF-36 or the AFASS score. This study has found that the conservative treatment of calcaneal fractures can produce satisfactory outcomes with lower morbidity than surgically treated fractures.

  6. IMPINGEMENT-SYNDROME OF PERONEUS BREVIS TENDON AFTER CALCANEAL FRACTURES (MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS

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    N. S. Konovalchuk

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. One of the main causes of pain in patients with consequences of calcaneal fractures is the lateral impingement syndrome. This term means lateral displacement of outer calcaneal wall at the moment of fracture, narrowing of anatomical space under the lateral malleolus and compression of soft tissues in this region, including tendons of short and long peroneal muscles. This leads to chronic traumatization of tendons, alteration of their normal tracking and development of tendinitis and tenosynovitis. At this moment there are no articles in foreign or Russian literature describing how prolonged traumatization influences the internal structure of the tendons. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological changes in structure of peroneus brevis tendon after different duration of compression between outer wall of calcaneus and the tip of the lateral malleolus in patients with calcaneal malunion.Materials and methods. Fifteen patients with calcaneal malunion and lateral impingement syndrome were treated operatively between 2016 and 2017. To confirm the lateral impingement syndrome, the authors performed clinical examination and AP x-rays of ankle joint. Two peroneus brevis tendon specimens were obtained intraoperatively in each of 15 patients: one specimen from compressed and one from non-compressed area. Obtained specimens were histologically examined according to standard protocol.Results. Microscopically all specimens showed separation of collagen bundles with loose connective tissue degeneration, increase of vascularization and inflammation. The degree of these changes differed according to the compression duration. This allowed us to analyze the dynamics of these changes.Conclusion. The morphological changes in structure of peroneus brevis tendon during the compression between outer wall of calcaneus and the tip of the lateral malleolus correspond with dynamics of common pathologic reactions. Early stages showed signs of

  7. Calcaneal stress fracture: an adverse event following total hip and total knee arthroplasty: a report of five cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miki, Takaaki; Miki, Takahito; Nishiyama, Akihiro

    2014-01-15

    Stress fractures have been reported to occur in the pubis, femoral neck, proximal part of the tibia, and fabella during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty. However, to our knowledge, calcaneal stress fractures after total hip or total knee arthroplasty have not been reported in the English-language literature. Most orthopaedic surgeons are not familiar with calcaneal stress fractures that may occur in elderly patients after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features, imaging findings, and bone mineral content of the proximal part of the femur and the distal end of the radius in five patients who had a calcaneal stress fracture after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty. All patients were women with a mean age of 76.8 years. All fractures occurred in the calcaneus on the same side as the arthroplasty. The fracture appeared at a mean of 10.2 weeks postoperatively. All patients reported heel pain on walking. Swelling and local heat were found in four and three patients, respectively. Pain was elicited by squeezing the calcaneus in all patients. Early radiographs had normal findings in two patients, and an irregular sclerotic line appeared later in the radiographs of all patients. All fractures were treated conservatively. Four fractures healed uneventfully, but one fracture displaced. All patients had osteoporosis. Calcaneal stress fractures during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty may not be as rare as previously thought. Because clinical symptoms of the fracture appear insidiously and radiographic findings are absent or subtle in the early stage, a high index of suspicion is needed for orthopaedic surgeons to make the correct diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging or repeated radiographs may be necessary to make the correct diagnosis when no abnormality is apparent on the initial radiograph.

  8. Wound infections following open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fractures with an extended lateral approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backes, Manouk; Schepers, Tim; Beerekamp, M Suzan H; Luitse, Jan S K; Goslings, J Carel; Schep, Niels W L

    2014-04-01

    Post-operative wound infections (PWI) following calcaneal fracture surgery can lead to prolonged hospital stay and additional treatment with antibiotics, surgical debridement or implant removal. Our aim was to determine the incidence of superficial and deep PWI and to identify risk factors (RF). This study is a retrospective case series. All consecutive patients from 2000 to 2010 with a closed unilateral calcaneal fracture treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) by an extended lateral approach were included. Patient, fracture, trauma and peri-operative characteristics were collected, including RF such as smoking, diabetes mellitus, time to operation, pre-operative in- or outpatient management and wound closure technique. The primary end point was a PWI as defined by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A total of 191 patients were included of which 47 patients (24.6%) had a PWI; 21 (11.0%) and 26 (13.6%) patients had a superficial and deep wound infection, respectively. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification higher than ASA 1 was associated with an increased risk. Placement of a closed suction drain at the end of surgery was associated with less PWI (35% vs 15%, p = 0.002). In this study, none of the previously reported RF were associated with an increased risk for PWI. ORIF of displaced calcaneal fractures is associated with a high rate of PWI of 25%. Factors that were associated with an increased risk were ASA classification other than 1 and absence of a closed suction drain placement. A closed suction drain may be a protective measure to avoid wound complications.

  9. FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF INTERNAL FIXATION FOR DISPLACED INTRA-ARTICULAR CALCANEAL FRACTURE

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    Saket Jati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND There are always difference of opinion in the importance of Bohler’s angle in evaluating the severity of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures and predicting the functional outcome following surgical fixation. The purpose of this research, the relationship exists between Bohler’s angle and the injury severity of displaced calcaneal fractures and between surgical improvement of Bohler’s angle and its practical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were treated surgically for unilateral closed displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures from May 2014 to October 2016 were identified. The Bohler’s angles of bilateral calcaneus were measured and was compared to the dimension of the uninjured foot was used as its normal control. The difference in the value of Bohler’s angle measured preoperatively or after surgery between the angle of the damaged foot and that of the contralateral calcaneus was calculated, respectively. The change in Bohler’s angle by ratio was calculated by dividing the variation in the value of Bohler’s angle between bilateral calcaneus by its typical control. The injury severity was assessed according to Sanders classification. The functional outcomes were assessed using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot scores. RESULTS 30 patients were included into the study with a mean follow-up duration of 30 months. According to Sanders classification, the fracture pattern included 12 type II, 10 type III and 8 type IV fractures. According to American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot scoring system, the excellent, good, fair and poor results were achieved in 10, 8, 4 and 2 patients, respectively. The preoperative Bohler’s angle, difference value of Bohler’s angle between bilateral calcaneus and change in Bohler’s angle by ratio each has a significant relationship with Sanders classification (P=0.003; P=0.004; P=0.005, respectively, however, is not correlated with

  10. FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF INTERNAL FIXATION FOR DISPLACED INTRA-ARTICULAR CALCANEAL FRACTURE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Saket Jati; Dev Padia

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND There are always difference of opinion in the importance of Bohler’s angle in evaluating the severity of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures and predicting the functional outcome following surgical fixation...

  11. The role of computed tomography in the diagnosis and treatment of calcaneal fractures

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bica, F

    2014-01-01

    .... In a retrospective audit of patients hospitalized in our clinic, I tried to identify the opportunity of the CT scan as a preoperative investigation protocol in calcaneal fractures, the results...

  12. Risk of injury to vascular-nerve bundle after calcaneal fracture: comparison among three techniques

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    Pedro José Labronici

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the number of screws or pins placed in the calcaneus might increase the risk of injury when three different techniques for treating calcaneal fractures. METHOD: 126 radiographs of patients who suffered displaced calcaneal fractures were retrospectively analyzed. Three surgical techniques were analyzed on an interobserver basis: 31 radiographs of patients treated using plates that were not specific for the calcaneus, 48 using specific plates and 47 using an external fixator. The risk of injury to the anatomical structures in relation to each Kirschner wire or screw was determined using a graded system in accordance with the Licht classification. The total risk of injury to the anatomical structures through placement of more than one wire/screw was quantified using the additive law of probabilities for the product, for independent events. RESULTS: All of the models presented high explanatory power for the risk evaluated, since the coefficient of determination values (R2 were greater than 98.6 for all the models. Therefore, the set of variables studied explained more than 98.6% of the variations in the risks of injury to arteries, veins or nerves and can be classified as excellent models for prevention of injuries. CONCLUSION: The risk of injury to arteries, veins or nerves is not defined by the total number of pins/screws. The region and the number of pins/screws in each region define and determine the best distribution of the risk.

  13. Subtalar arthrodesis for late sequelae of calcaneal fractures: fusion in situ versus fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, P J; Fu, Y C; Cheng, Y M; Lin, S Y

    1999-03-01

    Primary subtalar arthritis is not common. In most cases, it is the late sequela of intra-articular calcaneal fracture. Subtalar arthrodesis is mostly used for the treatment of traumatic subtalar arthritis in our clinics. We have compared our early cases of in-situ subtalar fusion with our recent cases of fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy in this clinical report. From 1989 to 1992, 15 feet of 13 patients were treated with subtalar arthrodeses for subtalar arthritis caused by malunion of calcaneal fractures. Fusion in situ was done by Ollier's approach, and resection of bony protrusion was done if there was lateral entrapment syndrome. From 1992 to 1995, 13 feet of 12 patients also received subtalar arthrodeses to salvage their calcaneal fractures, but the subtalar fusion was done by wide lateral approach, calcaneal sliding corrective osteotomy, and sometimes (11 of 13 feet) with Achilles tendon lengthening to restore the calcaneal height and width. Patients of both groups experienced obvious clinical improvement in subtalar pain relief, but there was no difference with walking distance, running, or jumping. The group undergoing fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy was more satisfied with regard to cosmetic results and shoe wear. The overall satisfactory rate in the group who underwent fusion with sliding corrective osteotomy (92%) was superior to the group who underwent fusion in situ (77%). Though our method of sliding corrective osteotomy does not provide much improvement to the talus declination angle, it is suitable for those patients with a "banana"-shaped calcaneus malunion. If the patient has prominent anterior ankle pain caused by tibiotalar impingement, we believe that a distraction subtalar arthrodesis would be more appropriate.

  14. The surgical dilemma of the malunited calcaneal joint depression fracture: the VAMC Miami experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, M

    1996-01-01

    During the period of October 1985 through March 1995, 25 patients presented to the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami with a chief complaint of chronic pain status post calcaneal joint depression fracture. Their acute injury was treated conservatively at this and various other institutions. Nine patients were managed conservatively with orthotics, University of California Biomechanics Laboratory braces (UCBLs), shoe modification, or prosthetics. Sixteen patients underwent hindfoot fusions. Good to excellent results were obtained in 15 of the 16 fusions. The remaining patient, having an isolated subtalar fusion, was later diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Proper evaluation of the chronic pain patient is critical when mapping out an appropriate treatment plan. Hindfoot arthrodesis with soft tissue decompression is a successful tool in eliminating chronic pain due to malunited depression fractures.

  15. Ligamentotaxis for complex calcaneal fractures using Joshi′s external stabilization system

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    Singh Ajai

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Controversies exist in the literature regarding the management of complex fractures of the calcaneum. We evaluated a series of complex fractures of the calcaneum managed by ligamentotaxis using Joshi′s external stabilization system (JESS for its efficacy. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients having complex (comminuted, intra-articular fracture with compromised soft tissue condition fractures of the calcaneum, who were treated by external fixator (JESS based on the principle of ligamentotaxis. The gradual distraction was done to bring the articular margins together to maintain both alpha and beta angles to near normal range. Thirteen (28.9% patients underwent additional corticocancellous bone grafting with elevation of posterior facet. All patients were evaluated for their functional outcomes by American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle society (AOFAS Score for the ankle and hind foot. Mean duration of follow-up was 20.5 months. Results: Forty-two (93.4% of our patients did well with the ligamentotaxis. On evaluating final outcomes by AOFAS, approximately 71% of cases showed good results. Eleven patients (24.4% complained of persistent heel pain in the long-term follow-up. Out of these, eight (17.8% patients were those who had severe comminution with almost total loss of calcaneal height. The origin of heel pain was not the subtalar joint in all of these patients. On long-term follow-up none of these patients suffered from such severe pain so as to compel them to change the nature of their activity. Conclusion: We conclude that ligamentotaxis by JESS provides a viable and user-friendly alternative method of management of these complex calcaneal fractures.

  16. Intra-articular calcaneal fracture in a 14-year-old competing skier: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudor, Anton; Sestan, Branko; Nemec, Boris; Prpic, Tomislav; Rubinic, Dusan

    2003-12-01

    Intra-articular calcaneal fracture as a skiing injury in children is extremely rare. We report on what we believe is a unique and previously unreported mechanism of a skiing injury, which caused intra-articular calcaneal fracture in a young competing skier, a member of the Croatian national ski team. This 14-year-old boy sustained a heel injury while training for giant slalom. There was no fall on the heel or obvious axial force that could have caused this type of calcaneal fracture. The skier had sophisticated equipment and used carving skies. We speculated that, when the skier tried to establish the lost balance during the fall, a violent contraction of triceps muscle occurred. Instead of an injury of a well-protected tuber or Achilles tendon, the strong pulling force of the Achilles tendon was transmitted more distally and anteriorly, generating axial compression force, which caused an intra-articular fracture of the calcaneus bone. Obviously, the existing ski boot did not sufficiently protect the calcaneus bone. We postulate that the calcaneal tuber and Achilles tendon were protected on the expense of the intra-articular calcaneal fracture. Our case warns of the possibility of a serious foot injury in young top skiers in spite of extensive improvement in the ski equipment. Sophisticated carving skis could be a contributing factor to an injury.

  17. Operative treatment of calcaneal fractures: improved outcomes and low complications rates with a strict management protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasukutty, N; Kumar, V; Diab, M; Moussa, W

    2017-04-01

    This is a retrospective review of 80 intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation by a specialist team under supervision of a single surgeon in a tertiary centre between 2005 and 2014. The fractures were evaluated with plain radiography and computed tomography, and graded using the Eastwood-Atkins classification. A lateral approach was used and all fractures were fixed with calcaneal plates. All patients had clinical and radiological follow-up. Clinical assessment included foot and ankle disability index, SF-36 ® and Kerr-Atkins scores. The mean follow-up duration was 72 months (range: 12-130 months). The mean age of patients was 49 years (range: 17-73 years). There were three open fractures and eight patients had other injuries. The mean Bohler's angle improved from 6° preoperatively to 26° postoperatively. The mean foot and ankle disability index score was 78.62, the mean SF-36 ® scores were 45.5 (physical component) and 52.6 (mental component), and the mean Kerr-Atkins score was 72 (range: 36-100). Early complications included one case of screw protrusion in the subtalar joint (which warranted a repeat procedure), one sural nerve injury and one wound breakdown, which healed with non-operative measures. Twelve patients had symptomatic subtalar joint osteoarthritis. Four of these had subtalar fusion. We believe that our strict protocols of patient selection, intraoperative and postoperative management produced long-term results comparable with those in the peer reviewed literature.

  18. Current concepts in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: Results of a nationwide survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); T.M. van Ginhoven (Tessa); M.J. Heetveld (Martin); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is controversial and randomised clinical trials are scarce. Moreover, the socio-economic cost remains unclear. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, treatment preferences and socio-economic cost of this complex fracture

  19. Current concepts in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: results of a nationwide survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, T.; van Lieshout, E. M. M.; van Ginhoven, T. M.; Heetveld, M. J.; Patka, P.

    2008-01-01

    The treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is controversial and randomised clinical trials are scarce. Moreover, the socio-economic cost remains unclear. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, treatment preferences and socio-economic cost of this complex fracture in the

  20. [Positions of Sustentacular Screw in Osteosynthesis of Calcaneal Fractures: Clinical and Radiographic Study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazour, J; Křivohlávek, M; Lukáš, R

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to analyse the options for sustentacular screw placement in osteosynthesis of intra-articular fractures of the heel bone and to assess the effect of various screw positions on failure to maintain the reduction in the postoperative period. In addition, problems related to screw-end protrusion over the medial cortical bone or to screw penetration into the talocalcaneal joint were assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS The group comprised 23 patients with a total of 25 intra-articular fractures of the heel bone treated by surgery. The procedure involved insertion of a sustentacular screw under fluoroscopic guidance. Post-operatively, screw position in the sustentacular fragment was evaluated on CT scans. During follow-up, attention was focused on the effect of screw placement on maintenance of fracture reduction, and clinical symptoms potentially associated with screw malposition were recorded. RESULTS All sustentacular screws were fixed sustentacular fragments. Seven screws (28%) were inserted in the talar shelf, seven (28%) were placed under and nine (36%) over the sustentaculum tali. Two screws penetrated into the talocalcaneal joint (8%). The end of a screw projecting by 2 mm over the medial wall of the calcaneus was found in 11 cases (44%). Two patients with screws penetrating into the talocalcaneal joint had problems. On the other hand, no clinical effect of a screw extending over the medial wall of the calcaneus was recorded. No significant association of screw position with late //delayed failure of fracture reduction was detected. DISCUSSION Although the ideal trajectory for a sustentacular screw have been defined using a model of the calcaneus, it is not easy to achieve optimal screw placement due to the complex anatomy of the calcaneus and limited possibilities of intra-operative control of screw insertion. Any sustentacular screw malposition is a potential risk factor, particularly if the screw has penetrated into the

  1. Plantar pressure analysis after percutaneous repair of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); A. van der Stoep (Arjan); H. van der Avert (Hans); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Clinical results for the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are mainly expressed using disease-specific outcome scores, physical examination and radiographs. We hypothesized that plantar pressure and foot position analysis is a valuable tool in

  2. The subtalar distraction bone block arthrodesis following the late complications of calcaneal fractures: A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: The late complications following a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures includes painful arthrosis for which a subtalar fusion might be considered. In case of malalignment due to loss of height and varus deformity a reconstructive arthrodesis is necessary. The

  3. Health-related quality of life in trauma patients who sustained a calcaneal fracture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alexandridis, G.; Gunning, A. C.; Leenen, L. P. H.

    Background Calcaneal fractures are known to cause a considerable long-term disability; disability influences the public health negatively in terms of personal suffering and monetary losses. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in general is influenced by various patient-specific factors, and

  4. Radiographic evaluation of calcaneal fractures: To measure or not to measure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); A.Z. Ginai (Abida); P.G.H. Mulder (Paul); P. Patka (Peter)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractObjective: The aim of this study was to correlate the functional outcome after treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture with plain radiography. Design: The design was a prognostic study of a retrospective cohort with concurrent follow-up. Patients: A total of 33

  5. A Novel Technique for Closed Reduction and Fixation of Paediatric Calcaneal Fracture Dislocation Injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radwane Faroug

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Paediatric calcaneal fractures are rare injuries usually managed conservatively or with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF. Closed reduction was previously thought to be impossible, and very few cases are reported in the literature. We report a new technique for closed reduction using Ilizarov half-rings. We report successful closed reduction and screwless fixation of an extra-articular calcaneal fracture dislocation in a 7-year-old boy. Reduction was achieved using two Ilizarov half-ring frames arranged perpendicular to each other, enabling simultaneous application of longitudinal and rotational traction. Anatomical reduction was achieved with restored angles of Bohler and Gissane. Two K-wires were the definitive fixation. Bony union with good functional outcome and minimal pain was achieved at eight-weeks follow up. ORIF of calcaneal fractures provides good functional outcome but is associated with high rates of malunion and postoperative pain. Preservation of the unique soft tissue envelope surrounding the calcaneus reduces the risk of infection. Closed reduction prevents distortion of these tissues and may lead to faster healing and mobilisation. Closed reduction and screwless fixation of paediatric calcaneal fractures is an achievable management option. Our technique has preserved the soft tissue envelope surrounding the calcaneus, has avoided retained metalwork related complications, and has resulted in a good functional outcome.

  6. The sinus tarsi approach in displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Although open reduction and internal fixation is currently considered the gold standard in surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures, various different approaches exist including the limited lateral approach. The aim of this systematic review was to

  7. Wound infections following open reduction and internal fixation of calcaneal fractures with an extended lateral approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Backes, Manouk; Schepers, Tim; Beerekamp, M. Suzan H.; Luitse, Jan S. K.; Goslings, J. Carel; Schep, Niels W. L.

    2014-01-01

    Post-operative wound infections (PWI) following calcaneal fracture surgery can lead to prolonged hospital stay and additional treatment with antibiotics, surgical debridement or implant removal. Our aim was to determine the incidence of superficial and deep PWI and to identify risk factors (RF).

  8. Percutaneous reduction and fixation of intraarticular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); I.B. Schipper (Inger); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractObjective: Percutaneous reduction by distraction and subsequent percutaneous screw fixation to restore calcaneal and posterior talocalcaneal facet anatomy. The aim of this technique is to improve functional outcome and to diminish the rate of secondary posttraumatic arthrosis compared to

  9. Diagnosis and classification of calcaneal fractures in computed tomography; Diagnostik und Klassifikation von Kalkaneusfrakturen in der Computertomographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herold, T.; Grabbe, E.; Funke, M. [Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ. Goettingen (Germany). Abt. Diagnostische Radiologie; Folwaczny, E.K.; Stuermer, K.M. [Klinikum der Georg-August-Univ. Goettingen (Germany). Klinik fuer Unfall-, Plastische und Wiederherstellungschirurgie

    2004-09-01

    Purpose: To compare image quality of single-slice spiral CT (SSCT) and multislice spiral CT (MSCT) in the diagnosis and classification of calcaneal fractures and to present a rapid and precise algorithm for the classification system of Stuermer. Materials and Methods: In 102 patients with 124 calcaneal fractures, spiral CT was performed, in 82 cases as SSCT with a slice thickness (SD) of 3 mm, a table speed (TS) of 3-4 mm/rot and an increment of 1.5 mm. In 42 cases, patients were scanned using MSCT (SD of 1.25 mm, increment 0.8 mm). For these examinations, 2 different scan protocols were used, with a TS of 3.75 mm/rot in one group(n=21) and a TS of 7.5 mm/rot in the other group (n=21). The image quality of axial sections and reconstructed images was assessed on a scale from 1 to 5 (1=very good; 5=insufficient). The fractures were evaluated using a classification system according to Stuermer, which assigns three main groups (A/B/C) and three subtypes (1/2/3). Results: MSCT had substantial advantages over SSCT with respect to scan time and image quality, especially for multiplanar reformatting (median 1.5 versus 4.0). TS showed no significant influence on the image quality. The standardized evaluation of the images enabled a classification of fractures within 5 minutes. All fractures could be assigned to the different types and subtypes. This classification system takes into account the severity of the fracture and the therapeutic approach. The most common type (90 of 124 fractures) were 'joint depression' fractures (type C), which were treated by surgery in 92%. Type A fractures were treated conservatively in 72%. (orig.)

  10. Comparative study on three surgical techniques for intra-articular calcaneal fractures: open reduction with internal fixation using a plate, external fixation and minimally invasive surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Missa Takasaka

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, compare and identify the surgical technique with best results for treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures, taking into account postoperative outcomes, complications and scoring in the Aofas questionnaire. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 54 patients with fractures of the calcaneus who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2012 by means of the following techniques: (1 open reduction with extended L-shaped lateral incision and fixation with double-H plate of 3.5 mm; (2 open reduction with minimal incision lateral approach and percutaneous fixation with wires and screws; and (3 open reduction with minimal incision lateral approach and fixation with adjustable monoplanar external fixator. RESULTS: Patients treated using a lateral approach, with fixation using a plate had a mean Aofas score of 76 points; those treated through a minimal incision lateral approach with screw and wire fixation had a mean score of 71 points; and those treated through a minimal incision lateral approach with an external fixator had a mean score of 75 points. The three surgical techniques were shown to be effective for treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures, without any evidence that any of the techniques being superior. CONCLUSION: Intra-articular calcaneal fractures are complex and their treatment should be individualized based on patient characteristics, type of fracture and the surgeon's experience with the surgical technique chosen.

  11. Calcaneal Fractures in Non-Racing Dogs and Cats: Complications, Outcome, and Associated Risk Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Karen L; Adams, Robert J; Woods, Samantha; Bruce, Mieghan

    2017-01-01

    To estimate the prevalence of complications and describe the outcome associated with calcaneal fractures in non-racing dogs and in cats. Retrospective multicenter clinical cohort study. Medical records of client-owned dogs and cats (2004-2013). Medical records were searched and 50 animals with calcaneal fractures were included for analysis. Complications were recorded and an outcome score applied to each fracture. Associations between putative risk factors and both major complications, and final outcome scores were explored. Complications occurred in 27/50 fractures (61%) including 23 major and 4 minor complications. At final follow-up, 4 animals (10%) were sound, 27 (64%) had either intermittent or consistent mild weight-bearing lameness, 7 (17%) had moderate weight-bearing lameness, and 1 (2%) had severe weight-bearing lameness. Fractures managed using plates and screws had a lower risk of complications than fractures managed using pin and tension band wire, lag or positional screws or a combination of these techniques (Relative risk 0.16, 95% CI 0.02-1.02, P=.052). Non-sighthounds had reduced odds of a poorer outcome score than sighthounds (Odds ratio 0.11, 95% CI 0.02-0.50, P=.005) and fractures with major complications had 13 times the odds of a poorer outcome score (Odds ratio 13.4, 95% CI 3.6-59.5, Pdogs and in cats, and a poorer outcome score was more likely in animals with complications. A more guarded prognosis should be given to owners of non-racing dogs or cats with calcaneal fractures than previously applied to racing Greyhounds with calcaneal fractures. © 2016 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  12. Absolute fracture-risk prediction by a combination of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and bone mineral density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Mei Y; Nguyen, Nguyen D; Center, Jacqueline R; Eisman, John A; Nguyen, Tuan V

    2012-02-01

    Quantitative ultrasound measurement (QUS) and bone mineral density (BMD) have each been shown to predict fracture risk in women. The present study examined whether a combination of QUS and BMD could improve the predictive accuracy of fracture risk. This is a population-based prospective study which involved 454 women and 445 men aged 62-89 years. Femoral neck BMD (FNBMD) was measured by DXA and calcaneal QUS was measured as broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) by a CUBA sonometer. Fragility fracture was ascertained by X-ray reports during the follow-up period, which took place between mid-1989 and 2009. During the follow-up period (median 13 years, range 11-15), 75 men and 154 women sustained a fragility fracture. In women, the model with FNBMD and BUA had a higher AUC compared to that without BUA (0.73 vs. 0.71 for any fracture, 0.81 vs. 0.77 for hip fracture, and 0.72 vs. 0.70 for vertebral fracture). Reclassification analysis yielded a total net reclassification improvement of 7.3%, 11.1%, and 5.2% for any, hip, and vertebral fractures, respectively. For men, the addition of BUA to FNBMD did not improve the predictive power for any, hip, or vertebral fracture. These results suggest that calcaneal QUS is an independent predictor of fracture risk and that a combination of QUS and BMD measurement could improve the predictive accuracy of fracture risk in elderly women.

  13. Classification of calcaneal fractures by spiral computed tomography: implications for surgical treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linsenmaier, Ulrich; Schoening, Alexander; Rieger, Johannes; Kroetz, Michael; Pfeifer, Klaus Juergen; Reiser, Maximilian [Department of Radiology, Klinikum der Universitaet Muenchen, Nussbaumstrasse 20, 80336, Munich (Germany); Brunner, Ulrich [Department of Surgery, Klinikum der Universitaet, Nussbaumstrasse 20, 80336, Munich (Germany); Department of Surgery, Krankenhaus Agatharied, St.-Agatha-Strasse 1, 83734, Hausham (Germany); Mutschler, Wolf [Department of Surgery, Klinikum der Universitaet, Nussbaumstrasse 20, 80336, Munich (Germany)

    2003-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate spiral computed tomography and multislice CT (SCT/MSCT) with multiplanar reconstructions (MPR) in the classification of calcaneal fractures according to a modified CT classification and to quantify fragment displacement to guide surgical treatment. Forty-eight calcaneal fractures were examined by spiral CT (1- to 2-mm slice thickness, pitch=1.5) with multiplanar reconstructions (MPR). Fractures were grouped according to a modified Munich classification scheme, differentiating six categories of fractures by joint involvement, number of fragments in the posterior facet, and the presence and extent of displacement. A qualitative and quantitative statement was made for the presence of clinical relevant displacement of the posterior articular facet (A: >2 mm), widening of the heel (B: crossing fibular reference line), reduction in calcaneal height (C: >10%), and axis shift of the calcaneocuboid angle (D: >10 ). Treatment recommendations resulting from the CT classification were retrospectively compared with the treatment given by examining the patients' files. There were 10 extra-articular and 38 intra-articular fractures; 8 were in class I (extra-articular, nondisplaced), 2 in class II (extra-articular, displaced), 1 in class III (intra-articular, nondisplaced), 20 in class IV (two fragments), 9 in class V (three fragments), and 8 in class VI (>4 fragments), one of the latter being uncertain; 34 showed displacement of the articular facet, 35 widening of the heel, 35 reduction in calcaneal height, and 20 a shift of the axis. In 94% of the cases the procedure recommended by the Munich system of classification was followed; there was disagreement in 1 case in class I and 1 in class IV. Spiral CT allowed fracture classification and quantification of relevant displacement of fragments by radiologists. The implemented recommendations for treatment were adopted by surgeons in most cases. (orig.)

  14. Radiographic evaluation of calcaneal fractures: to measure or not to measure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schepers, T.; Patka, P. [Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Department of General Surgery-Traumatology, Room H-974, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Ginai, A.Z. [Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Department of Radiology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Mulder, P.G.H. [Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2007-09-15

    The aim of this study was to correlate the functional outcome after treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture with plain radiography. The design was a prognostic study of a retrospective cohort with concurrent follow-up. A total of 33 patients with a unilateral calcaneal fracture and a minimum follow-up of 13 months participated. Patients filled in three disease-specific questionnaires, graded their satisfaction and the indication for an arthrodesis was noted. Standardised radiographs were made of the previously injured side and the normal (control) side. Different angles and distances were measured on these radiographs and compared with values described in the literature. The differences in values in angles and distances between the injured and uninjured (control) foot were correlated with the outcome of the questionnaires, and the indication for an arthrodesis. None of the angles correlated with the disease-specific outcome scores. Of the angles only the tibiotalar angle correlated with the VAS (r = 0.35, p = 0.045) and only the absolute foot height correlated with the indication for an arthrodesis (odds = 0.70, CI = 0.50-0.99). In this study the radiographic evaluation correlated poorly with the final outcome. Measurements on plain radiographs seem not to be useful in determining outcome after intra-articular calcaneal fractures. (orig.)

  15. Correlation between Parameters of Calcaneal Quantitative Ultrasound and Hip Structural Analysis in Osteoporotic Fracture Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Licheng Zhang

    Full Text Available Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS, which is used in the evaluation of osteoporosis, is believed to be intimately associated with the characteristics of the proximal femur. However, the specific associations of calcaneal QUS with characteristics of the hip sub-regions remain unclear.A cross-sectional assessment of 53 osteoporotic patients was performed for the skeletal status of the heel and hip.We prospectively enrolled 53 female osteoporotic patients with femoral fractures. Calcaneal QUS, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, and hip structural analysis (HSA were performed for each patient. Femoral heads were obtained during the surgery, and principal compressive trabeculae (PCT were extracted by a three-dimensional printing technique-assisted method. Pearson's correlation between QUS measurement with DXA, HSA-derived parameters and Young's modulus were calculated in order to evaluate the specific association of QUS with the parameters for the hip sub-regions, including the femoral neck, trochanteric and Ward's areas, and the femoral shaft, respectively.Significant correlations were found between estimated BMD (Est.BMD and BMD of different sub-regions of proximal femur. However, the correlation coefficient of trochanteric area (r = 0.356, p = 0.009 was higher than that of the neck area (r = 0.297, p = 0.031 and total proximal femur (r = 0.291, p = 0.034. Furthermore, the quantitative ultrasound index (QUI was significantly correlated with the HSA-derived parameters of the trochanteric area (r value: 0.315-0.356, all p<0.05 as well as with the Young's modulus of PCT from the femoral head (r = 0.589, p<0.001.The calcaneal bone had an intimate association with the trochanteric cancellous bone. To a certain extent, the parameters of the calcaneal QUS can reflect the characteristics of the trochanteric area of the proximal hip, although not specifically reflective of those of the femoral neck or shaft.

  16. Less wound complications of a sinus tarsi approach compared to an extended lateral approach for the treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture: A randomized clinical trial in 64 patients

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Li, Lian-Hua; Guo, Yong-Zhi; Wang, Hao; Sang, Qing-Hua; Zhang, Jian-Zheng; Liu, Zhi; Sun, Tian-Sheng

    2016-01-01

    ... intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Between January 2009 and January 2014, patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture were randomly assigned to receive surgical treatment by the sinus tarsi approach or the extended...

  17. Spontaneously Healed Pathologic Fracture over a Critical-Size Calcaneal Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolaos G. Lasanianos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Simple bone cysts are nonsymptomatic lesions. They typically involve the medullary cavity, but they can also be found in nonlong bones such as the calcaneum. Their treatment remains controversial varying from observation and conservative healing to irritating injections or bone grafting. In the case of a pathologic fracture, surgical treatment seems most appropriate especially when the cyst is situated on a weight-bearing bone. We present herein the rare case of a spontaneously healed pathological fracture over a critical-size calcaneal cyst of a patient reluctant to undergo surgical treatment. An interpretation of the healing procedure as well as a review of the literature is presented.

  18. Bilaretal Complex Regional Pain Syndrome After Bilateral Calcaneal Fractures: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özcan Hız

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Summary Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS is a painful complication of a fracture, surgery, or other type of injury. Currently KBAS is categorized as CRPS-1 when no clear nerve injury is defined, and CRPS -2 when associated with clear nevre injury. Central and peripheral theory have been reported in etiopathogenesis of CRPS -1. Generally, it occurs in the injured limb but, it may ocur in the opposite extremities. İn this article, we have presented a case developing bilateral CRPS -1 after bilateral calcaneal fracture. (Osteoporoz Dünyasından 2010;16:38-40

  19. Clinical Comparison of Extensile Lateral Approach and Sinus Tarsi Approach Combined with Medial Distraction Technique for Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hai-Chao; Yu, Tao; Ren, Hao-Yang; Li, Bing; Chen, Kai; Zhao, You-Guang; Yang, Yun-Feng

    2017-02-01

    To study and compare the clinical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation via extensile L-shape incision and limited open reduction via the sinus tarsi approach using the medial distraction technique for intra-articular calcaneal fractures. We performed a retrospective review of 65 intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated operatively between March 2012 and February 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: 28 were in the sinus tarsi approach group and 37 were in the extensile lateral approach group. All patients were asked to return for a research visit that included radiography and clinical evaluation. The postoperative function was evaluated using the ankle and hindfoot score of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and the visual analogue scale (VAS). No significant difference was found in demographics between the two groups. The corrected value of the calcaneal varus angle between the two groups is statistically significant (P approach group had developed hindfoot varus deformity at last follow-up. At the last follow-up, the average AOFAS ankle and the hindfoot score of the minimal group was 88.4 ± 6.6, and the VAS score was 1.9 ± 0.7, while that of the extensile lateral approach group was 83.2 ± 5.6 and 2.3 ± 1.0, respectively. Limited open reduction via the sinus tarsi approach for intra-articular calcaneal fractures could reduce the incidence of wound complications effectively, and the medial distraction technique is helpful for correcting the calcaneus varus deformity. © 2017 Chinese Orthopaedic Association and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  20. Effects of intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging on peri-operative imaging strategy in calcaneal fracture surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.S.H. Beerekamp (Suzan); Backes, M. (M.); N.W.L. Schep (Niels); D.T. Ubbink (Dirk); J.S.K. Luitse; T. Schepers (Tim); J.C. Goslings (Carel)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: Previous studies demonstrated that intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging (3D-imaging) in calcaneal fracture surgery is promising to prevent revision surgery and save costs. However, these studies limited their focus to corrections performed after 3D-imaging, thereby

  1. Patient-reported health-related quality of life after a displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alexandridis, G.; Gunning, A. C.; Leenen, L. P H

    2015-01-01

    Background: A displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture (DIACF) is known for having a negative influence on the daily activities of patients. A health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome instrument is used to quantify the impact of DIACF. It seems that these studies used restrictive inclusion

  2. Complications following the extended lateral approach for calcaneal fractures do not influence mid- to long-term outcome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groot, R. de; Frima, A.J.; Schepers, T.; Roerdink, W.H.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIM: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of intra-articular calcaneal fractures through an extended lateral approach is frequently accompanied by a high complication rate. However, ORIF currently provides the best long-term clinical results. The aim of this study was twofold:

  3. Biomechanical evaluation of reconstruction plates with locking, nonlocking, and hybrid screws configurations in calcaneal fracture: a finite element model study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ching-Hsuan; Hung, Chinghua; Hsu, Yu-Chun; Chen, Chen-Sheng; Chiang, Chao-Ching

    2017-10-01

    Calcaneal fractures are the most common fractures of the tarsal bones. The stability of fixation is an important factor for successful reconstruction of calcaneal fractures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the biomechanical influence of plate fixation with different combinations of locking and nonlocking screws during early weight-bearing phase. A three-dimensional FE foot model was established using ANSYS software, which comprised bones, cartilages, plantar fascia, and soft tissue. Calcaneal plate was fixed with whole locking (WLS), whole nonlocking (WNS), and hybrid screw configurations for FE analysis. The WNS generated a 6.1° and 2.2° Bohler angle decrease compared with the intact model and WLS (WNS: 18.9; WLS: 21.1; intact: 25.0°). Some hybrid screw configurations (Bohler angle: 21.5° and 21.2°) generated stability similar to WLS. The FE results showed that the fragments at the posterior facet and the posterior tuberosity sustained more stress. This study recommends that the hybrid screw configuration with at least four locking screws, two at the posterior facet fragment and two at the posterior tuberosity fragment, is the optimal choice for the fixation of Sanders type IIB calcaneal fractures.

  4. Comparison of the Conventional Surgery and the Surgery Assisted by 3d Printing Technology in the Treatment of Calcaneal Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Wenhao; Tao, Zhenyu; Lou, Yiting; Feng, Zhenhua; Li, Hang; Cheng, Liang; Zhang, Hui; Wang, Jianshun; Guo, Xiaoshan; Chen, Hua

    2017-09-19

    This study was aimed to compare conventional surgery and surgery assisted by 3D printing technology in the treatment of calcaneal fractures. In addition, we also investigated the effect of 3D printing technology on the communication between doctors and patients. we enrolled 75 patients with calcaneal fracture from April 2014 to August 2016. They were divided randomly into two groups: 35 cases of 3D printing group, 40 cases of conventional group. The individual models were used to simulate the surgical procedures and carry out the surgery according to plan in 3D printing group. Operation duration, blood loss volume during the surgery, number of intraoperative fluoroscopy and fracture union time were recorded. The radiographic outcomes Böhler angle, Gissane angle, calcaneal width and calcaneal height and final functional outcomes including VAS and AOFAS score as well as the complications were also evaluated. Besides, we made a simple questionnaire to verify the effectiveness of the 3D-printed model for both doctors and patients. The operation duration, blood loss volume and number of intraoperative fluoroscopy for 3D printing group was 71.4 ± 6.8 minutes, 226.1 ± 22.6 ml and 5.6 ± 1.9 times, and for conventional group was 91.3 ± 11.2 minutes, 288.7 ± 34.8 ml and 8.6 ± 2.7 times respectively. There was statistically significant difference between the conventional group and 3D printing group (p 3D printing group achieved significantly better radiographic results than conventional group both postoperatively and at the final follow-up (p 3D printing model. This study suggested the clinical feasibility of 3D printing technology in treatment of calcaneal fractures.

  5. Percutaneous poking reduction and fixation versus open reduction and fixation in the treatment of displaced calcaneal fractures for Chinese patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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    Xiao-Jian Wang

    2016-12-01

    Conclusion: For the treatment of calcaneal fractures, percutaneous poking reduction and fixation is superior to open reduction and fixation in terms of the incidence of postoperative complications. But both techniques can obtain satisfactory clinical function.

  6. Effect of Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Imaging During the Reduction and Fixation of Displaced Calcaneal Fractures on Articular Congruence and Implant Fixation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eckardt, Henrik; Lind, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Operative treatment of displaced calcaneal fractures should restore joint congruence, but conventional fluoroscopy is unable to fully visualize the subtalar joint. We questioned whether intraoperative 3-dimensional (3D) imaging would aid in the reduction of calcaneal fractures......, resulting in improved articular congruence and implant positioning. METHOD: Sixty-two displaced calcaneal fractures were operated on using standard fluoroscopic views. When the surgeon had achieved a satisfactory reduction, an intraoperative 3D scan was conducted, malreductions or implant imperfections were......: Intraoperative 3D imaging improved the articular reduction of the posterior facet and secured optimal implant position in displaced calcaneal fractures. Radiation dose to the patient was less than that of a normal foot computed tomography scan. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, case series....

  7. Treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures with or without bone grafts: A systematic review of the literature

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    Yunfeng Yang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The necessity of bone grafts in the treatment of intraarticular calcaneal fractures continues to be one of the most debated topics in foot and ankle surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are sufficient objective cumulative data in the literature to compare the two methods and if the bone graft was needed in surgical treatment of intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search of all relevant articles from 1990 to 2010 was conducted. Two reviewers evaluated each study to determine its suitability for inclusion and collected the data of interest. Meta-analytic pooling of group results across studies was performed for the two treatment methods. Results: The systematic review identified 32 primary studies with 1281 fractures, which contained 4 comparative studies, 13 with bone grafts, and 15 without bone grafts in treatment methods. The infection rate in bone graft group was higher through statistically insignificant than in non-graft group (8.3% vs. 6.3% No significant difference was found between good reduction rate, postoperative osteoarthritis rate, and subtalar fusion rate. The average full weight-bearing time in bone graft group was significantly lower (5.4 months than in non-graft group (10.5 months. The mean postoperative Böhler′s angle was significantly higher in bone graft group (lose due to collapse was significancy less. For the efficacy outcomes, the bone graft group had a lower American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS (71.4 points vs. 80.5 points but a higher Creighton score (89.9 points vs. 81.0 points compared with non-graft group. Pooled mean results showed 35% of the patients in bone graft group had an excellent result, 40% had a good result, 21% had a fair result, and 4% had a poor result. In the non-graft group, the corresponding values were 34, 42, 14, and 10%, respectively. Conclusions: The operative treatment of intraarticular

  8. Percutaneous reduction and fixation of an intra-articular calcaneal fracture using an inflatable bone tamp: description of a novel and safe technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauffrey Cyril

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Calcaneal fractures are common injuries involving the hind foot and often a source of significant long-term morbidity. Treatment options have changed throughout the ages from periods of preferred nonoperative management to closed reduction with a mallet, and more recently, open reduction and anatomic internal fixation. The current treatment of choice; however, is often debated, as open management of these fractures carries many risks to include wound breakdown and infection. A less invasive form of surgical management through small incisions, while maintaining the ability to obtain joint congruency, anatomic alignment, and restore calcaneal height and width would be ideal. We propose a novel form of fracture reduction using an inflatable bone tamp and percutaneous fracture fixation. Preoperative planning and experienced fluoroscopy is crucial to successful management using this method. Although we achieved successful radiographic outcome in this case, long-term functional outcome of this technique are yet to be published.

  9. Biomechanics – Elastic Foundation Applied in Modelling of Calcaneal Nails

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    Sejda František

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a strength analysis of a calcaneal nail (material Ti6Al4V and stainless steel which is used to treat complex heel fractures. The application focuses on a unique calcaneal nail, the C-NAIL, produced by Medin a.s. (Nové Město na Moravě, Czech Republic. The paper first presents an analysis of fracture types, treatment methods and loading of the calcaneus. It then presents an analysis of limit conditions and loading. Calculations (displacement and stress are performed for 6 and 7 fixing screws using FEM (Ansys Workbench 14 software. The calculation involves a new, original application of an elastic foundation, which effectively replaces the complex interaction of the calcaneal nail and the heel bone.

  10. The utility of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound, and fracture risk indices (FRAX® and Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Instrument) for the identification of women with distal forearm or hip fractures: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeilzadeh, Sina; Cesme, Fatih; Oral, Aydan; Yaliman, Ayse; Sindel, Dilsad

    2016-08-01

    Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered the "gold standard" in predicting osteoporotic fractures. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) variables are also known to predict fractures. Fracture risk assessment tools may also guide us for the detection of individuals at high risk for fractures. The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the utility of DXA bone mineral density (BMD), calcaneal QUS parameters, FRAX® (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool), and Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Instrument (ORAI) for the discrimination of women with distal forearm or hip fractures. This case-control study included 20 women with a distal forearm fracture and 18 women with a hip fracture as cases and 76 age-matched women served as controls. BMD at the spine, proximal femur, and radius was measured using DXA and acoustic parameters of bone were obtained using a calcaneal QUS device. FRAX® 10-year probability of fracture and ORAI scores were also calculated in all participants. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess fracture discriminatory power of all the tools. While all DXA BMD, and QUS variables and FRAX® fracture probabilities demonstrated significant areas under the ROC curves for the discrimination of hip-fractured women and those without, only 33% radius BMD, broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), and FRAX® major osteoporotic fracture probability calculated without BMD showed significant discriminatory power for distal forearm fractures. It can be concluded that QUS variables, particularly BUA, and FRAX® major osteoporotic fracture probability without BMD are good candidates for the identification of both hip and distal forearm fractures.

  11. Effects of intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging on peri-operative imaging strategy in calcaneal fracture surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beerekamp, M S H; Backes, M; Schep, N W L; Ubbink, D T; Luitse, J S; Schepers, T; Goslings, J C

    2017-12-01

    Previous studies demonstrated that intra-operative fluoroscopic 3D-imaging (3D-imaging) in calcaneal fracture surgery is promising to prevent revision surgery and save costs. However, these studies limited their focus to corrections performed after 3D-imaging, thereby neglecting corrections after intra-operative fluoroscopic 2D-imaging (2D-imaging). The aim of this study was to assess the effects of additional 3D-imaging on intra-operative corrections, peri-operative imaging used, and patient-relevant outcomes compared to 2D-imaging alone. In this before-after study, data of adult patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of a calcaneal fracture between 2000 and 2014 in our level-I Trauma center were collected. 3D-imaging (BV Pulsera with 3D-RX, Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlands) was available as of 2007 at the surgeons' discretion. Patient and fracture characteristics, peri-operative imaging, intra-operative corrections and patient-relevant outcomes were collected from the hospital databases. Patients in whom additional 3D-imaging was applied were compared to those undergoing 2D-imaging alone. A total of 231 patients were included of whom 107 (46%) were operated with the use of 3D-imaging. No significant differences were found in baseline characteristics. The median duration of surgery was significantly longer when using 3D-imaging (2:08 vs. 1:54 h; p = 0.002). Corrections after additional 3D-imaging were performed in 53% of the patients. However, significantly fewer corrections were made after 2D-imaging when 3D-imaging was available (Risk difference (RD) -15%; 95% Confidence interval (CI) -29 to -2). Peri-operative imaging, besides intra-operative 3D-imaging, and patient-relevant outcomes were similar between groups. Intra-operative 3D-imaging provides additional information resulting in additional corrections. Moreover, 3D-imaging probably changed the surgeons' attitude to rely more on 3D-imaging, hence a 15%-decrease of

  12. Minimally Invasive Sinus Tarsi Approach With Cannulated Screw Fixation Combined With Vacuum-Assisted Closure for Treatment of Severe Open Calcaneal Fractures With Medial Wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Taiyuan; Yan, Yan; Xie, Xinmin; Mu, Weidong

    2016-01-01

    The aim of our prospective study was to investigate the clinical results and advantages of a minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach with cannulated screw fixation combined with vacuum-assisted closure for the treatment of severe open calcaneal fractures with medial wounds. A total of 31 patients (32 feet) with open calcaneal fractures who were admitted to our hospital from January 2008 to May 2013 were selected for the study and randomly divided into 2 groups: the cannulated screw group (n = 16 patients, 16 feet) and the plate group (n = 15 patients, 16 feet). The Böhler and Gissane angles were compared before and after surgery. The clinical results were evaluated using according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale and the rate of infection. The follow-up duration for all patients ranged from 10 to 36 (mean 24) months. No statistically significant differences were found in the radiologic indicators, incidence of early postoperative complications, or American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scores (p > .05) between the 2 groups. However, a statistically significant difference was seen in the duration of hospitalization (p vacuum-assisted closure is an effective method for the treatment of severe open calcaneal fractures with medial wounds. It provides good reduction and requires fewer days of hospitalization. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Fractures of the calcaneus in racing greyhounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ost, P C; Dee, J F; Dee, L G; Hohn, R B

    1987-01-01

    Fifty-one calcaneus fractures associated with (41) or without (10) central tarsal bone (Tc) fractures in racing greyhounds were evaluated and categorized. All calcaneal fractures with no Tc fractures had a plantar proximal intertarsal subluxation. No subluxations were found in dogs with both calcaneal and central tarsal fractures. The calcaneal fractures were treated either with coaptation splints or surgical repair. Surgical techniques included a Steinmann pin with a figure eight tension band device or screw or plate fixation as primary techniques supplemented by Kirschner wires and cerclage wires. In all calcaneal fractures associated with plantar proximal intertarsal subluxation, an arthrodesis of the calcaneoquartal joint was performed. All 22 surgically repaired fractures in dogs available for physical and radiographic reexamination had healed within 1 to 6 months. Eight dogs with fractures of the calcaneus associated with fractures of Tc returned to a racing career. None of the dogs with plantar proximal intertarsal subluxation raced again. Based on the orientation of the fracture lines and on dissection of two tarsi with calcaneal fractures, a hypothesis on the pathogenesis of calcaneal fractures in racing greyhounds was formulated.

  14. Treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tomesen, T.; Biert, J.; Frolke, J.P.M.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus is a standard procedure in many institutions. To avoid soft-tissue complications, several minimally invasive procedures have recently been introduced. The aim of this study was to assess the percutaneous treatment

  15. EXPERIENCES IN TREATING LAUGIER'S FRACTURES

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    Ivan Golubović

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Laugier's fractures are rare because they are located deep in the elbow joint and are thus protected from any direct trauma. This study shows two patients whose Laugier's fractures were surgically treated. Surgical interventions were performed using the Campbell surgical approach. The ulnar nerve was mobilised for a distance of 12 cm, and then a tenotomy of the triceps brachii muscle and a posterior capsulectomy of the elbow joint were performed. A temporary repositioning followed by a permanent fixation were undertaken using two 3.2mm screws. The screws were inserted from the back, through the posterolateral and posteromedial pillars of the humeral condyle, to the front and medially. The tip of the screw was kept subchondrally in the bone of the humeral capitellum or trochlea and did not go through the cartilage. The stitches of the wound were done by layers, and prior to that a transposition of the ulnar nerve was performed medially. A plaster cast was worn on the upper arm for three weeks, with mandatory prophylaxis of periarticular ossification by taking indomethacin, 25mg three times a day. Upon removing the plaster cast, the patients underwent outpatient physical therapy for two weeks followed by inpatient physical therapy with full weight-bearing. Laugier's fractures have been insufficiently described in the literature. Surgical treatment does not have an alternative, and timely diagnosis and surgical and physical therapy yield, according to the Mayo elbow performance index, good results.

  16. Computed tomography of calcaneal fractures: anatomy, pathology, dosimetry, and clinical relevance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guyer, B.H.; Levinsohn, E.M.; Fredrickson, B.E.; Bailey, G.L.; Formikell, M.

    1985-11-01

    Eighteen CT examinations were performed in 10 patients for the evaluation of acute intraarticular fractures and their follow-up. Fractures comparable to those in the patients were created in cadavers. The normal anatomy and the traumatically altered anatomy of the calcaneus in the axial, coronal, and sagittal planes are demonstrated by CT and corresponding anatomic sections. Scanning was performed in the axial plane, with subsequent reconstruction in the coronal and sagittal planes. The axial scans show disruption of the inferior part of the posterior facet, calcaneocuboid joint involvement, and widening of the calcaneus. The coronal scans show disruption of the superior part of the posterior facet, sustentaculum tali depression (involvement of middle and anterior facets), peroneal and flexor hallucis longus tendon impingement, and widening and height loss of the calcaneus. The sagittal scans show disruption of the posterior facet, calcaneocuboid joint involvement, and height loss of the calcaneus and allow the evaluation of Boehler's and Gissane's angles. All three planes show the position of major fracture fragments. Radiation dose to the foot was measured to be 0.1 rad (0.001 Gy) for plain film radiography (five exposures), 18 rad (0.18 Gy) for conventional tomography (20 cuts), and 2.6 rad (0.026 Gy) for axial CT examination.

  17. Avulsion Fracture: How Is It Treated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is the best way to treat an avulsion fracture in a young athlete? Answers from Edward R. Laskowski, M.D. Treatment of an avulsion fracture typically includes resting and icing the affected area, ...

  18. Desenho de placa em forma de borboleta para tratamento de fraturas do calcâneo Design of butterfly-shaped plate and its application in treatment for calcaneal fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangrong Yu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar um desenho de placa em forma de borboleta e sua aplicação no tratamento de fraturas do calcâneo e discutir suas indicações clínicas, vantagens e desvantagens. MÉTODOS: De fevereiro de 2008 a abril de 2010, 22 pacientes com 26 fraturas intra-articulares do calcâneo foram tratados com redução a céu aberto e fixação interna com placa em forma de borboleta. Dezesseis pacientes eram homens e 6 eram mulheres, com média de idade de 36,8 anos. Onze eram pés esquerdos e 15, direitos. De acordo com a classificação de Sanders, 12 eram fraturas de calcâneo Tipo II (inclusive 3 Tipo IIa, 7 Tipo IIb e 2 Tipo IIc e 14 eram Tipo III (inclusive cinco do Tipo IIIab, 7 Tipo IIIac e duas do Tipo IIIbc. RESULTADOS: Dezessete pacientes (21 pés foram submetidos a acompanhamento por em média 19,2 meses. Os desfechos funcionais foram avaliados com o sistema Maryland Foot Score. Entre os nove pés com fraturas Tipo II, sete receberam escore excelente e dois, bom. Entre as 12 fraturas Tipo III, seis tiveram escore excelente, cinco, bom e uma, razoável. CONCLUSÃO: A placa em forma de borboleta é aplicável ao tratamento de fraturas do calcâneo do Tipo II e Tipo III de Sanders, com a vantagem de garantir fixação confiável, facilitar a cirurgia, produzir menos complicações pós-operatórias e produzir melhores desfechos clínicos gerais. Nível de Evidência IV, Série de casos.OBJECTIVE: To introduce the design of butterfly-shaped plate and its application in treatment for calcaneal fractures, and to discuss its clinical indications, advantages and disadvantages. METHODS: From February 2008 to April 2010, 22 patients with 26 intra-articular calcaneal fractures were treated by open reduction and internal fixation with butterfly-shape plate. Sixteen patients were male and 6 patients were female, with a mean age of 36.8 years. Eleven were left feet and 15, right. According to Sanders classification, 12 were Type II (including 3

  19. Calcaneal nonunion: Three cases and a review of the literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe long-term follow-up of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is often accompanied by complications. Frequently occurring are arthrosis, arthrofibrosis of the subtalar joint, and malunion. Uncommon is the calcaneal nonunion. A total of three cases is presented in this report, including

  20. Sinus Tarsi Approach (STA) versus Extensile Lateral Approach (ELA) for Treatment of Closed Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures (DIACF): a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, L; Hou, Y; Lin, G-H; Zhang, X; Liu, G-Q; Yu, B

    2018-02-01

    Our aim was to compare the effect of Sinus Tarsi Approach (STA) vs Extensile Lateral Approach(ELA) for Treatment of Closed Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures (DIACF.) is still being debated, MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough research was carried out in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases from inception to December 2016. Only prospective or retrospective comparative studies was selected in this meta-analysis. Two independent reviewers conducted literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment. The primary outcomes were anatomical restoration and prevalence of complications. Secondary outcomes included operation time and functional recovery. Four randomized controlled trials involving 326 patients and three cohort studies involving 206 patients were included. STA technique for DIACFs led to a decline in both operation time and incidence of complications. There were no significant differences between the groups in American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scores, nor changes in Böhler angle. This meta-analysis suggests that STA technique may reduce the operation time and incidence of complications. In conclusion, STA technique is reasonably an optimal choice for DIACF. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Functional outcomes after operatively treated patella fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBrun, Christopher T; Langford, Joshua R; Sagi, H Claude

    2012-07-01

    To evaluate the midterm functional outcomes of patients with isolated operatively treated patella fractures. Prospective cohort and retrospective clinical and radiographic assessment. A Level I and Level II trauma center. Two hundred forty-one patients underwent operative intervention for a displaced patella fracture between 1991 and 2007. After appropriate exclusions, 110 patients met criteria. A total of 40 (36%) patients with isolated, unilateral, operatively treated patella fractures with minimum 1-year follow-up agreed to participate in this study and return for functional testing. Mean follow-up was 6.5 years (range, 1.25-17 years). Enrolled patients were treated with one of the following methods: standard tension band with Kirschner wires, tension band through 2 cannulated screws, longitudinal anterior banding with cerclage, or partial patellectomy. All enrolled patients were evaluated with the SF-36 and an injury-specific questionnaire (Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores) and asked to self-report symptomatic hardware. Patients were also evaluated by physical examination assessing range of motion and Biodex bilateral quadriceps isometric and isokinetic comparisons. The mean normalized SF-36 physical composite score and the mean normalized Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores subscale scores (pain, 71.7; symptoms, 66.3; activities of daily living, 75.1; sport/recreation, 45.2; quality of life, 49.6) were statistically different (P patella fractures, significant symptomatic complaints and functional deficits persist based on validated outcome measures as well as objective physical evaluations. This study fills a void in the literature regarding the functional outcomes of these patients. It also underscores the complexity associated with treating this common fracture and should help guide surgeons to better counsel patients on the expected long-term function after operative treatment of patella fractures. Therapeutic Level IV. See

  2. Conservatively treated acetabular fractures: A retrospective analysis

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    Narender Kumar Magu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There are a few studies reporting the long term outcome of conservatively treated acetabular fractures. The present study aims to evaluate the quality of reduction, and radiological and functional outcome in displaced acetabular fractures treated conservatively. Materials and Methods: Sixty-nine patients (55 men and 14 women with 71 displaced acetabular fractures (mean age 38.6 years managed conservatively were retrospectively evaluated. There were 11 posterior wall, 5 posterior column, 6 anterior column, 13 transverse, 2 posterior column with posterior wall, 9 transverse with posterior wall, 6 T-shaped, 1 anterior column with posterior hemi-transverse, and 18 both-column fractures. The follow-up radiographs were graded according to the criteria developed by Matta J. Functional outcome was assessed using Harris hip score and Merle d′Aubigne and Postel score at final followup. Average follow-up was 4.34 years (range 2-11 years. Results: Patients with congruent reduction (n=45 had good or excellent functional outcome. Radiologic outcome in incongruent reduction (n=26 was good or excellent in 6 and fair or poor in 20 hips. The functional outcome in patients with incongruent reduction was good or excellent in 16 and satisfactory or poor in 10 hips. Good to excellent radiologic and functional outcome was achieved in all patients with posterior wall fractures including four having more than 50% of broken wall. Good to excellent functional outcome was observed in 88.8% of both-column fractures with secondary congruence despite medial subluxation. Conclusions: Nonoperative treatment of acetabular fractures can give good radiological and functional outcome in congruent reduction. Posterior wall fractures with a congruous joint without subluxation on computed tomography axial section, posterior column, anterior column, infratectal transverse or T-shaped, and both-column fractures may be managed conservatively. Small osteochondral fragments

  3. Measurement technique of calcaneal varus from axial view radiograph

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    Thossart Harnroongroj

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medial displaced posterior calcaneal tubercle creates varus deformity of an intraarticular calcaneal fracture. The fracture involves posterior calcaneal facet and the calcaneal body so we developed a measurement technique representing the angle between posterior facet and long axis of calcaneus using lateral malleolus and longitudinal bone trabeculae of posterior calcaneal tubercle as references to obtain calcaneal varus angle. Materials and Methods: 52 axial view calcaneal radiographs of 26 volunteers were studied. Angles between posterior facet and long axis of calcaneus were measured using the measurements 1 and 2. Angle of measurement 1, as gold standard, was obtained from long axis and posterior facet of calcaneus whereas measurement 2 was obtained from a line, perpendicular to apex curve of lateral cortex of the lateral malleolus and a line parallel to the longitudinal bone trabeculae of posterior calcaneal tubercle. No more than 3° of difference in the angle of both measurements was accepted. Reliability of the measurement 2 was statistically tested. Results: Angles of measurement 1 and 2 were 90.04° ± 4.00° and 90.58° ± 3.78°. Mean of different degrees of both measurements was 0.54° ± 2.31° with 95% of confidence interval: 0.10°-1.88°. The statistical analysis of measurement 1 and 2 showed more than 0.75 of ICC and 0.826 of Pearson correlation coefficient. Conclusion: Technique of measurement 2 using lateral malleolus and longitudinal bone trabeculae of posterior calcaneal tubercle as references has strong reliability for representing the angle between long axis and posterior facet of calcaneus to achieve calcaneal varus angle.

  4. Less wound complications of a sinus tarsi approach compared to an extended lateral approach for the treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture: A randomized clinical trial in 64 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lian-Hua; Guo, Yong-Zhi; Wang, Hao; Sang, Qing-Hua; Zhang, Jian-Zheng; Liu, Zhi; Sun, Tian-Sheng

    2016-09-01

    We conducted a prospective randomized clinical trial to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the sinus tarsi and extended lateral approaches for the surgical treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Between January 2009 and January 2014, patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture were randomly assigned to receive surgical treatment by the sinus tarsi approach or the extended lateral approach using block randomization. We recorded and analyzed data on demographics, time to surgery, wound complications, Böhler angles pre- and postoperatively, and American Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Society score. Sixty-four patients met the inclusion criteria and were randomly assigned to the 2 groups: 32 patients underwent sinus tarsi approach, and 32 patients the extended lateral approach. Baseline characteristics of both groups were similar. The time to surgery in the sinus tarsi approach group was significantly shorter than in the extended lateral approach group (P = 0.04). The wound complication rates were 6.3% and 31.2% in the sinus tarsi approach and extended lateral approach groups, respectively, which was significantly different (P = 0.01). Regarding the clinical outcomes, the groups did not differ significantly on walking visual analogue scale or American Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Society scores at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively. No significant differences existed between groups regarding the Böhler angle at different times and reduction quality of the articular surface and the medial wall. Compared with the extended lateral approach, the sinus tarsi approach decreased wound complications and preoperative waiting time, and achieved similar functional and radiological outcomes for displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures.

  5. Evaluation of the normal calcaneal angles in Egyptian population ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: The calcaneus is the largest and strongest tarsal bone. It is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone and accounts for about 2% of all fractures. The importance of the calcaneal angles in assessing the fractures of calcaneus and planning treatment has been highlighted. Aim: The purpose of this study was to ...

  6. Neurologic Injury in Operatively Treated Acetabular Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdan, Yelena; Tornetta, Paul; Jones, Clifford; Gilde, Alex K; Schemitsch, Emil; Vicente, Milena; Horwitz, Daniel; Sanders, David; Firoozabadi, Reza; Leighton, Ross; de Dios Robinson, Juan; Marcantonio, Andrew; Hamilton, Benjamin

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate a series of operatively treated acetabular fractures with neurologic injury and to track sensory and motor recovery. Operatively treated acetabular fractures with neurologic injury from 8 trauma centers were reviewed. Patients were followed for at least 6 months or to neurologic recovery. Functional outcome was documented at 3 months, 6 months, and final follow-up. Outcomes included motor and sensory recovery, brace use, development of chronic regional pain syndrome, and return to work. One hundred thirty-seven patients (101 males and 36 females), average age 42 (17-87) years, met the criteria. Mechanism of injury included MVC (67%), fall (11%), and other (22%). The most common fracture types were transverse + posterior wall (33%), posterior wall (23%), and both-column (23%). Deficits were identified as preoperative in 57%, iatrogenic in 19% (immediately after surgery), and those that developed postoperatively in 24%. A total of 187 nerve deficits associated with the following root levels were identified: 7 in L2-3, 18 in L4, 114 in L5, and 48 in S1. Full recovery occurred in 54 (29%), partial recovery in 69 (37%), and 64 (34%) had no recovery. Forty-three percent of S1 deficits and 29% of L5 deficits had no recovery. Fifty-five percent of iatrogenic injuries did not recover. Forty-eight patients wore a brace at the final follow-up, all for an L5 root level deficit. Although 60% (42/70) returned to work, chronic regional pain syndrome was seen to develop in 19% (18/94). Peripheral neurologic injury in operatively treated acetabular fractures occurs most commonly in the sciatic nerve distribution, with L5 root level deficits having only a 26% chance of full recovery. Prognostic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  7. Comparison of percutaneous cannulated screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach and plate fixation for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yongzeng; Shui, Xiaolong; Wang, Jianshun; Cai, Leyi; Yu, Yang; Ying, Xiaozhou; Kong, Jianzhong; Hong, Jianjun

    2016-07-15

    The management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) remains challenging and controversial. A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare percutaneous reduction, cannulated screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement (PR+CSC) grafting with minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach and plate fixation (MISTA) for treatment of DIACFs. Ultimately, 80 patients with a DIACFs were randomly allocated to receive either PR+CSC (N = 42) or MISTA (N = 38). Functional outcomes were evaluated using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot scores. Radiological results were assessed using plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans, and postoperative wound-related complications were also recorded. The average time from initial injury to operation and the average operation time in the PR+CSC group were both significantly shorter than those in the MISTA group (p < 0.05). There were significantly fewer complications in the PR+CSC group than those in the MISTA group (7.1 % vs 28.9 %, p < 0.001). The calcaneal width immediate postoperatively and at the final follow-up in the MISTA group were obviously improved compared to those in the PR+CSC group (p < 0.001). The variables of sagittal motion and hindfoot motion of the AOFAS scoring system in the PR+CSC group were significantly higher than those in the MISTA group (p < 0.05). The good and excellent results in the two groups were comparable for Sanders Type-II calcaneal fractures, but the good to excellent rate in the MISTA group was significantly higher for Sanders Type-III fractures (p < 0.05). The clinical outcomes are comparable between the two minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of Sanders Type-II DIACFs. The PR+CSC grafting is superior to the MISTA in terms of the average time between initial injury and operation, operation time, wound-related complications and subtalar joint activity. However, the MISTA has its own

  8. Calcaneal varus angle change in normal calcaneus: a three-dimensional finite element analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xue-Bin; Wu, Hao; Zhang, Li-Guo; Zhao, Ji-Tang; Zhang, Ying-Ze

    2017-03-01

    The objective of the study was to investigate the stress changes in the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus following alternation of the calcaneal varus angle in normal calcaneus and discuss the clinical significance of the calcaneal varus angle. Axial view radiographs of 165 volunteers were obtained to measure the calcaneal varus angle of normal calcaneus. A calcaneal model with different varus angle changes (including +2°, +4°, +6°, -2°, -4°, and -6°) was established using Creo 2.0 software. Stress changes at different calcaneal varus angles in the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus under a load of 100 N were measured. Stressed areas in posterior articular facets were slightly fewer following +2°, +4°, and +6° changes in varus angle than in normal varus angles with stress concentering regions moving to the anteromedial aspect of the posterior calcaneal facet. However, stress concentering areas in posterior calcaneal facets following -4° and -6° changes in varus angle obviously moved to the anterior and posterior medial side of posterior calcaneal facets. Stress distribution in the posterior articular surface of the calcaneus varies with the calcaneal varus angle. The decrease in calcaneal varus angle following operative treatment of calcaneal fractures should be controlled within 2°.

  9. Sinus tarsi approach versus extensile lateral approach for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture: a meta-analysis of current evidence base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Hui; Liang, Tangzhao; Xu, Yichun; Hou, Gang; Lv, Lulu; Zhang, Junbin

    2017-03-14

    The extensile lateral approach (ELA) has been widely performed for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs), and wound complications remain a significant problem. As a minimal incision technique, the sinus tarsi approach (STA) was designed to overcome this disadvantage. There were already many reports about this approach but the conclusions were not completely consistent. Based on the current evidence, we performed this meta-analysis to compare the STA with ELA in the management of DIACF and expected to draw a certain and meaningful conclusion. All potentially relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies (CSs) were searched in the databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and ClinicalTrial.gov. The desirable outcomes including wound complications, excellent and good rate, secondary surgery rate and Böhler's angle were extracted. RCT studies were assessed using the Risk of Bias Tool recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration, and cohort studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The data of RCTs and cohorts were pooled respectively using the fixed-effect model or random-effect model. Mean differences with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for continuous data, and relative risks (RRs) with 95% CIs were calculated for dichotomous data. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed with the Q test and I 2 . Sensitivity analysis was developed to assess the reliability of pooled results. Seven studies including two RCTs and five CSs were eligible for the meta-analysis. No matter RCTs or CSs, the pooled data all showed that STA group had a lower incidence of wound complications than that in the ELA group and no significant difference was found in excellent and good rate and the recovery of Böhler's angle between the two groups. The CSs also showed that the STA group had a lower incidence of secondary surgeries than that in the ELA group. Through a STA, we not only can reduce

  10. Clinical usefulness of calcaneal measurements using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohno, Jun [Nagasaki Saiseikai Hospital (Japan); Nakata, Tomoko; Ito, Masako

    1999-07-01

    To investigate the clinical usefulness of calcaneal measurement using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), the ability to detect bone loss and fracture risk were evaluated in comparison with spinal bone mineral density (BMD) measured using DXA and quantitative CT (QCT) and with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Furthermore, to investigate the region in calcaneus in which to detect bone change sensitively, the ability to detect bone loss and fracture risk were also evaluated using new regions of interest (ROIs) that were manually defined. The subjects were 165 healthy women, and 188 female patients with fracture, estrogen deficiency, and steroid-induced osteoporosis. Calcaneal BMD with some manually defined ROIs showed lower precision and less sensitivity in detecting bone loss than BMD measured with automatically defined ROIs. Calcaneal DXA, spinal DXA, and QCT demonstrated significant age-related bone loss, and all measurements could discriminate fracture cases from non-fracture cases. Calcaneal DXA could discriminate the bone loss associated with estrogen deficiency as well as spinal DXA. Furthermore, calcaneal measurements showed a greater ability to detect steroid-induced bone loss than spinal DXA, probably because this group included subjects of advanced age with spondylosis. In conclusion, calcaneal DXA is useful to assess BMD in subjects who are not suitable for spinal measurement, although the ability to detect age-related bone loss in calcaneal DXA is less than in spinal measurements. (author)

  11. Displaced tibial shaft fractures treated with ASIF compression internal fixation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebuhr, Peter Henrik; Larsen, T K; Petersen, O C

    1990-01-01

    Fifty-one tibial shaft fractures treated by ASIF compression osteosynthesis were seen at follow-up at a median time of 46 weeks after injury. Twenty-four were open fractures and the patients received prophylactic antibiotics. The median stay in hospital was 15 days for open fractures and 6 days f...

  12. Displaced Intra-articular Fractures of the Calcaneus: with an emphasis on minimally invasive surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractDisplaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are complex injuries. Classically these fractures are treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or conservatively. When comparing these two treatment modalities, ORIF has a significantly higher rate of wound complications and

  13. Dual Fixation of Calcaneal Tuberosity Avulsion with Concomitant Achilles Tendon Rupture: A Novel Hybrid Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gautham Prabhakar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fracture of the calcaneal tuberosity with a concomitant Achilles tendon rupture presents a difficult challenge for the treating surgeon. The ultimate goal of treatment is to restore function of both the gastrocnemius-soleus complex and the Achilles tendon. This particular subset of fractures occurs often in diabetics and elderly patients with osteoporosis making fixation of the displaced fragment rather complex. If the Achilles tendon disruption is only discovered later once the fracture is healed, subsequent management is difficult with surgical treatment being more morbid. While this is a rare injury, the consequences of a missed chronic Achilles tendon disruption are severe with significant dysfunction. It is therefore important to have a high index of suspicion for concomitant injury and to be prepared for dual fixation. We present a novel hybrid surgical fixation technique, which may be used in this instance.

  14. Evaluation of the normal calcaneal angles in Egyptian population

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fahmy Anwar Shoukry

    2012-02-01

    Feb 1, 2012 ... The importance of the cal- caneal angles in assessing the fractures of calcaneus and planning treatment has been highlighted. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the normal calcaneal angles in the Egyptian pop- .... ulae groups which increases with osteoporosis and disrupted in comminuted ...

  15. Open segmental fractures of the tibia treated by external fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubović Ivan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Open segmental fractures of the tibia are rare but severe injuries. In these fractures the wide zone of injury (damage of all structures of the lower leg creates very unsuitable biological conditions for healing of the fracture. Objective. The aim of our work was to present the results of treatment of patients with segmental open fractures of the tibia treated by external fixation. Methods. We analyzed treatment results of 21 patients with open segmental tibial fractures who were treated using the method of external fixation at the Clinical Center Niš from January 1, 1995 to July 31, 2010. The average age of the patients was 53 years; the youngest patient was 27 years and the oldest one 80 years. According to the Gustilo open fracture classification, there were 3 (14.3% type I, 6 (28.6% type II, 8 (38.1% type IIIA, and 4 (19.0% type IIIB. All the patients were treated by a unilateral type Mitković external fixator by Traffix Company. Results. Union was attained in 16 (76.2% fractures without severe complications (pseudoarthrosis, chronic osteitis and angular deformities of over 10 degrees. Among severe complications associated with open segmental tibial fractures, in two cases we registered septic pseudoarthrosis, in one aseptic pseudoarthrosis and in two large angular deformities of the tibia after union, with a valgus of over 10 degrees and extremity shortening of over 2 cm which required additional surgery. Conclusion. External fixation by the use of Mitković external fixator is one of the methods of choice in the treatment of open segmental tibial fractures, which incorporated with antibiotic therapy provides good biomehanical conditions for segmental fracture healing that enables good stability of the segmental tibial fracture and decreases the risk of deep infections. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 41017: Virtuelni koštano­zglobni sistem čoveka i njegova primena u pretkliničkoj i kliničkoj praksi

  16. Femoral neck fractures in osteogenesis imperfecta treated with bisphosphonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papanna, M C; Tafazal, S; Bell, M J; Giles, S N; Fernandes, J A

    2017-06-01

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a condition characterised by bone fragility and multiple fractures, which cause considerable morbidity in the affected patients. Most cases are associated with mutations in one of the type I collagen genes. Recently, bisphosponates have been used widely to reduce pain and the incidence of fragility fractures in OI in children, even though there have been concerns raised regarding the long-term complications of it due to their effect on the bone. The fragility fractures involving the neck of the femur in children with intramedullary rods in the femoral shaft are very difficult to treat. Although these fractures are frequently un-displaced, they require optimal internal fixation to achieve fracture union. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of OI patients with intracapsular femoral neck fracture treated with headless compression screws. At our institute, we identified seven patients (11 hips) with OI who underwent internal fixation with headless compression screws for a neck of femur fracture between June 2010 and Dec 2012. The time to fractures healing was on average 14 weeks (12 to 16). All patients gained their pre-injury ambulatory status. It is very challenging and technically demanding for orthopaedic surgeons when treating the fragility fracture of the neck of femur in patients with intramedullary rod in the femoral shaft. The published data regarding the management of these complex conditions are very limited. We describe our experience with the technique of percutaneous headless compression screw fixation for treating the femoral neck fractures in OI patients.

  17. Complex calcaneal defect reconstruction with osteotomized free fibula-flexor hallucis longus osteomuscular flap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lykoudis, Efstathios G; Gantsos, Apostolos; Dimou, Apostolos Od

    2013-01-01

    Complex calcaneal defects represent a reconstructive challenge since calcaneous plays a key role in standing and gait. We report the case of a 35-year-old patient with a complex calcaneal defect due to chronic osteomyelitis after a high energy Gustillo type IIIB calcaneal fracture that was reconstructed with a free fibula-flexor hallucis longus osteomuscular flap. The fibula was osteotomized into two segments, which were used to reconstruct the bone defect, and the muscular component of the flap was used for coverage of the reconstructed calcaneal skeleton. Fifteen days later permanent skin coverage was ensured with a local random pattern rhomboid skin flap. Early and late postoperative periods were uneventful. Bone maturation was radiographically evident at a follow up of 12 weeks, and complete bone incorporation at 3 years. Full weight bearing was possible at 6 months postop. Final follow up, at 3 years postop, verified a very good functional and aesthetic outcome. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. [Comparative study on effect and safty of treating on calcaneus fractures with manipulative reduction with percutaneous K-wire fixation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Yue-Feng; Zheng, Yi-Bing; Wang, Peng; Li, Ye; Chen, Wen-xue; Dong, Yan-Xu; Jin, Li-Kun; Wang, Chen-Xi; Li, Xu

    2013-04-01

    To explore the clinical effects and safty of manipulative reduction with percutaneous poking K-wire fixation for the treatment of the calcaneus fractures and analyze the indication of the minimal invasion. From December 2008 to December 2011,135 closed calcaneal fractures cases were divided randomly into poking group and plate group, treated respectively by percutaneous poking reduction and operative reduction. In poking group, there were 69 cases (82 feet) including 60 males and 9 females, with an average age of (43.29+/-10.46) years ranging from 18 to 64 years; 30 cases of left, 26 cases of right and 13 cases of double; 54 feet of Essex-Lopresti classification tongue form, 28 feet of joint compression; 33 feet of Sanders type II ,49 of type III. In plate group, there were 66 cases (75 feet) including 58 males and 8 females,with an average age of (46.00+/-2.42) years ranging from 21 to 63 years; 31 cases of left, 26 cases of right and 9 cases of double; 48 feet of Essex-Lopresti classification tongue form, 27 feet of joint compression; 28 feet of Sanders type II, 47 of type III. According to Kerr scoring standard,clinical effects and complications were evaluated combining with Sanders and Essex-Lopresti classification. All 135 cases were followed up after 24 weeks. Fractures were recoveried in 8 to 12 weeks (means 10.2 weeks). In poking group, there were 2 cases of infection, 5 cases of wire movement; in plate group,18 cases of wound local skin necrosis, 5 cases of calf intestines nerve injured; there were statistical significant (P0.05). In the caes of Sanders type III, there were no significant differences on effects of tongue form fractures with percutaneous poking and operative reduction (P>0.05). There were significant differences on effects and complications of compressing form fractures (P<0.01), operative reduction better than percutaneous poking. Pain, walking,Kerr scoring of tongue form fractures of Sanders II , III with poking reduction were better than

  19. [Morbidity and mortality of surgically treated proximal humerus fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isart, A; Sánchez, J F; Santana, F; Puig, L; Cáceres, E; Torrens, C

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to analyse the factors associated with mortality and the capacity to perform daily life activities (DLA) in patients with surgically treated proximal humeral fractures. A retrospective study was conducted on 94 patients with a surgically treated proximal humeral fracture, with a mean follow-up of 8 years (2 - 12 years). A correlation analysis was performed to determine the relationship between the type of fracture, surgical technique, comorbidities and mortality and DLA. The Student t test was used for statistical analysis. A total of 72 patients were identified, 18.6% of them died during follow-up, all diagnosed with some comorbidity. There was no correlation between mortality, type of fracture or the technique used. Most of the patients (85.4%) had comorbidities, and 79.5% were completely independent for DLA. Although there was no relationship with the type of fracture, there was a significant reduction in the performing of DLA in patients treated with hemiarthroplasty, and in patients with neurological disorders. There was a mortality of 18.6% among patients with surgically treated proximal humerus fractures. The majority of surgically treated patients were fully independent for DLA at long-term follow-up. Copyright © 2013 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  20. OUTCOME OF INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES TREATED WITH SHORT FEMORAL NAIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadkikar Shriniwas V, Yadkikar Vishnu S, Patel Mayank, Dhruvilkumar Gandhi, Kunkulol Rahul

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To study the functional and anatomical outcome of Inter trochanteric fractures of femur treated with Short femoral nail. Method: This was retrospective study carried out in which 60 patients (50 Male & 10 Female of 5th to 8th decade of life who underwent Short femoral nail fixation for both Stable & unstable Inter Trochanteric fractures. From the records each patient data was assessed for time required for mobilization, average fracture healing time, degree and grade of hip range of movements, complications, anatomical reduction achieved using Short femoral nail fixation. Results: 55 cases achieved Anatomical reduction. Good to Excellent Hip range of Motion was in 55 (90 % cases. Fracture union was seen in all cases. No evidence of Z Effect, AVN of femoral head, Implant failure, Fracture of femoral shaft below the Nail tip was seen in any case, However Reverse Z Effect was seen in 4 & shortening of less than 2 cm was seen in 2 cases, External rotation of 10 degree was seen in1 case. Average fracture Union time was 14 weeks. Conclusion: Short femoral nail appears to be better implant for fixation of both Stable & unstable Inter Trochanteric fractures as it fulfills the biomechanical demands being minimally invasive, less blood loss , it prevents excessive varus collapse at fracture site, produces less stress riser effect below the nail tip, Short operative time, Facilitates early mobilization & functional recovery of patients. But Anatomical fracture reduction & optimal implant placement are absolutely must for better results.

  1. PERCUTANEOUS BIPLANAR EXTERNAL FIXATOR METHOD FOR TREATMENT OF CALCONEAL FRACTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagadeesh Kumar

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Calcaneal fracture, the most common tarsal bone fracture, occurs predominantly in manual labors and subsequently has got considerable socioeconomic implications. Treatment modality which can offer early weight bearing and early return to work is therefore needed for those patient s. We have used a biplanar percutaneous external fixator for treating calcaneal fractures per operative visualization of the fractures. We have treated 20 calcaneal fractures in 18 patients, 12 intra articular and five extra articular, with our percutaneou s external fixator system with under image intensifier and achieving the fracture reduction. Functional outcome was measured using the American Orthopaedic Foot and ankle society Hind foot score. All fractures united with a mean of 55 days. Partial weight bearing was possible in a mean of 1.8 days and full bearing was possible in a mean of 11.6 days. All the patients were returned to their original work within six weeks. Minor infectious complications occurred in 17.6 percent of cases. The average AOFAS sco re at six months follow up was 83.8. We conclude that our percutaneous external fixator technique for fracture calcaneum is an effective alternative to the currently available – surgical and conservative treatment modalities especially in lower socio econo mic labor population who need to return to their job as early as possible. Level of Evidence – IV Case series

  2. Avulsion fracture of the posterosuperior tuberosity of the calcaneus managed with lag screw fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lui, T H

    2018-02-01

    To review the efficacy of lag screw fixation in management of avulsion fracture of the posterosuperior tuberosity of the calcaneus. Since 2002, thirteen patients with displaced fracture of the posterior tuberosity of the calcaneus were treated with emergency reduction of the fracture and lag screw fixation. The medical records and radiographs of the patients were reviewed and the patients were assessed according to the Kerr calcaneal fracture scoring system during the latest follow up. There was no skin necrosis, but one wound dehisced in a patient with unstable diabetes and hypothyroidism. All fractures healed, but two had separation of the fracture fragments after the plaster was removed, both of them were elderly osteoporotic patients. The overall average calcaneal score was 93 (range, 77-100). The average calcaneal score of the patients with closed reduction was 91 (range, 77-100). The average calcaneal score of the patients with open reduction was 94 (range, 79-100). Complications occurred in seven patients (54%). Percutaneous or open reduction of the avulsion fracture of the posterosuperior tuberosity of the calcaneus together with lag screw fixation and equinus short leg cast immobilization can provide good results without skin necrosis. The surgeon should pay attention of the details of the operation and the rehabilitation program in order to minimize the complications. Copyright © 2016 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Direct and indirect costs of surgically treated pelvic fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aprato, Alessandro; Joeris, Alexander; Tosto, Ferdinando; Kalampoki, Vasiliki; Stucchi, Alessandro; Massè, Alessandro

    2016-03-01

    Pelvic fractures requiring surgical fixation are rare injuries but present a great societal impact in terms of disability, as well as economic resources. In the literature, there is no description of these costs. Main aim of this study is to describe the direct and indirect costs of these fractures. Secondary aims were to test if the type of fracture (pelvic ring injury or acetabular fracture) influences these costs (hospitalization, consultation, medication, physiotherapy sessions, job absenteeism). We performed a retrospective study on patients with surgically treated acetabular fractures or pelvic ring injuries. Medical records were reviewed in terms of demographic data, follow-up, diagnosis (according to Letournel and Tile classifications for acetabular and pelvic fractures, respectively) and type of surgical treatment. Patients were interviewed about hospitalization length, consultations after discharge, medications, physiotherapy sessions and absenteeism. The study comprised 203 patients, with a mean age of 49.1 ± 15.6 years, who had undergone surgery for an acetabular fracture or pelvic ring injury. The median treatment costs were 29.425 Euros per patient. Sixty percent of the total costs were attributed to health-related work absence. Median costs (in Euros) were 2.767 for hospitalization from trauma to definitive surgery, 4.530 for surgery, 3.018 for hospitalization in the surgical unit, 1.693 for hospitalization in the rehabilitation unit, 1.920 for physiotherapy after discharge and 402 for consultations after discharge. Total costs for treating pelvic ring injuries were higher than for acetabular fractures, mainly due to the significant higher costs of pelvic injuries regarding hospitalization from trauma to definitive surgery (p fractures are associated with both high direct costs and substantial productivity loss.

  4. Panfacial fractures: analysis of 33 cases treated late.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Dongmei; Zhang, Yi; Ellis, Edward

    2007-12-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the characteristics of delayed panfacial fractures and evaluate treatment results. Thirty-three patients with delayed panfacial fractures were treated in the Maxillofacial Trauma Center of Peking University, School and Hospital of Stomatology between 1998 and 2004. Each patient was examined by computed tomography (CT) scans before operation. For those who had no severe opening restriction, dental impressions were taken to fabricate dental casts. For those with severely comminuted fractures, 3-dimensional (3D) models of the facial skeleton were used. Re-establishing the continuity of the mandible was the first step and then used as a platform to reconstruct the maxillary fractures via maxillomandibular fixation after Le Fort I osteotomy. The third step was to restore the mid- and upper-facial width and projection by coronal approach to expose the zygomatic complex and frontal bone/sinus and/or naso-orbito-ethmoid (NOE) fractures. There were 3 types of mandibular fractures that affected the treatment plan: 1) type I, mandibular body/symphysis fracture(s) (17/33, 51.52%); 2) type II, mandibular angle and/or condylar fracture(s) (6/33, 18.18%); and 3) type III, both mandibular body/symphysis and angle/condylar fractures (10/33, 30.30%). Fourteen cases were associated with NOE fractures (42.42%) and 3 cases had frontal sinus fractures (9.1%). Twelve cases had enophthalmos (36.36%) and 3 lost 1 eyeball. The order of treatment was dependent on the mandibular fracture type. For type I fractures, reconstructing the mandibular arch was the first step. For type II fractures, repairing the angle, ascending rami, and condylar areas was the first step. For type III fractures, when both mandibular height and arch were disrupted, freeing the malunited angle or condyle was the first step before restoring the mandibular arch form. Reconstruction of the mandibular height and projection was then carried out. For all 3 types, the

  5. Olecranon fractures with sagittal splits treated with dual fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morwood, Michael P; Ruch, David S; Leversedge, Fraser J; Mithani, Suhail K; Kamal, Robin N; Richard, Marc J

    2015-04-01

    To assess the results of olecranon fractures with an intra-articular sagittal plane fracture managed by orthogonal fixation constructs. A retrospective chart review was performed and 14 proximal ulna fractures with intra-articular comminution resulting in separate medial and lateral fragments were identified. All fractures were classified according to the Schatzker, Mayo, and AO classification systems. Postoperative functional assessment, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, time to union, and complications were recorded. Eleven patients were treated with both dorsal and lateral plates. Three patients were managed with a single dorsal plate and cerclage wires. All fractures healed. Mean length of follow-up was 15 months (range, 4-72 mo). Mean range of motion at final follow-up was a flexion-extension arc of 24° to 129° with 89° and 79° of pronation and supination, respectively. The most common complication was symptomatic hardware, leading to removal of hardware in 5 of 14 (36%) patients. Average postoperative Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was 7. Two patients developed heterotopic ossification and 1 patient required a local pedicled flap for soft-tissue coverage. Identification of this subset of fractures is critical to successful management. A supplemental lateral plate or cerclage wires can successfully manage these difficult fractures and achieve good outcomes. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. The fate of Böhler's angle in conservatively-treated displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Bakker (Berdine); J.A. Halm (Jens); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther); T. Schepers (Tim)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Although the predictive value of Böhler's angle on outcome remains subject of debate, the initial angle at the time of trauma still guides treatment. Changes in Böhler's angle during follow-up are frequently reported following surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular

  7. The Use of the String of Pearls Locking Plate System in the Stabilisation of a Comminuted Calcaneal Fracture in a Giant Breed Dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. B. Scrimgeour

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An eight-year-old male Pyrenean mountain dog was presented with a comminuted fracture of the right calcaneus following motor vehicle trauma. The fracture was stabilised with a plate-rod construct, using the String of Pearls locking plate system and an intramedullary pin. Healing was uncomplicated.

  8. [Surgical treatment of calcaneal spurs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benvenuti, R; Orlandi, S; Pellegrini, F

    1982-01-01

    74 operations for the removal of calcaneal spurs at the "G. Pini" Orthopaedic Clinic in Milan over the post 20 years have been examined. After a brief summary of the main aetiopathogenetic theories, the symptomatological picture and various surgical techniques, and the data on the cases encountered are analysed. A high percentage of failures is reported. It is hoped that all cases of talalgia due to calcaneal spur will initially be given conservative therapy. Only if this fails should surgery be considered.

  9. Tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas intra-articulares de calcâneo sanders II e III: revisão sistemática Surgical treatment of intraarticular calcaneous fractures of sanders' types II and III: systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Augusto Antoniazzi Pelliccioni

    2012-01-01

    Based Medicine. References of studies accessed were also consulted. The keywords used Boolean logic (AND and OR: "calcaneus fracture, calcaneous, calcaneal; surgical treatment, management; open Reduction, minimally invasive, percutaneous reduction; internal fixation, external fixation. RESULTS: We identified just three randomized comparative studies. Each Study compared a different technique (external fixation, percutaneous fixation with Kirchner wires and cannulated screws fixation to the open reduction with internal fixation using plate and screws (named standard technique. CONCLUSION: Comparing the series, percutaneous fixation using Kirschner wires achieved the best results, however we will need more data in order to conclude what is the most effective surgical technique.

  10. [Tibial fracture with intact fibula treated by reamed nailing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnevialle, P; Bellumore, Y; Foucras, L; Hézard, L; Mansat, M

    2000-02-01

    The main difficulties encountered in the orthopedic treatment of leg fractures with intact fibula are reduction of the tibial and an unusually high rate of varus unions and non-unions. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the outcome after reamed nailing of tibial fractures with an intact fibula. Between 1986 and 1997, 38 fractures of the tibia with an intact fibula were treated by first intention centromedullar nailing. There were 28 men and 10 women, mean age 28 years, with a single fracture in 25 cases. There were 25 motor vehicle accidents (17 two-wheel, 8 four-wheel), 5 sports accidents, 2 home falls, and 6 others. Fracture of the tibial diaphysis was associated with a homolateral femoral fracture in 7 cases, 7 fractures were open (7 type 1, 2 type 2, 1 type 3), 7 fractures were associated with abrasive skin lesions. Using the AO classification, the tibial fracture was type A in 26 cases, type B in 11, and type C in 1. The fracture was in the middle third of the tibia in 21 cases, the distal third in 15 and in the proximal third. Grosse and Kempf nails were used exclusively. Static nailing was used in 27 cases, dynamic nailing in 8, and the nail was not locked in 3 cases. Nails of diameter 9 to 13 were implanted after reaming 1 mm more. The fracture gap increased during the reaming in 5 patients; 2 patients had to undergo a secondary aponeurectomy due to a postoperative compartment syndrome and had no further sequela. Consolidation was achieved after the first intention treatment in 30 patients, after dynamization in 6. A non-union in 2 patients was also successfully managed with new nailing and dynamization. Delay to consolidation was a mean 175 days (range 60 - 480). Transverse fractures consolidated more rapidly (mean 122 days). At last follow-up (minimum 1 year), active knee and ankle mobility were normal in all patients. Nineteen patients complained of pain at the site of the nail insertion, evaluated at 1 on a 10-point analogie scale by 10

  11. Fracture risk in perimenopausal women treated with beta-blockers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rejnmark, Lars; Vestergaard, Peter; Kassem, Moustapha

    2004-01-01

    showed 20% lower serum osteocalcin levels (an osteoblastic marker of bone formation) in women treated with beta-blockers compared to untreated women (P femoral neck did not differ between groups. beta-Blockers may decrease the activity of bone-forming cells...... (BMD), and fracture risk. Within the Danish Osteoporosis Prevention Study (DOPS) a population based, comprehensive cohort study of 2016 perimenopausal women, associations between treatment with beta-blockers and bone turnover and BMD were assessed in a cross-sectional design at the start of study....... Moreover, in a nested case-control design, fracture risk during the subsequent 5 years was assessed in relation to treatment with beta-blockers at baseline. Multiple regression- and logistic regression-analyses were performed. Treatment with beta-blockers was associated with a threefold increased fracture...

  12. Fraturas intra-articulares do calcâneo: análise clínica e biomecânica Intraarticular calcaneal fracture: a clinical and biomechanical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Emilio Kuschnaroff Contreras

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar as variáveis de distribuição da pressão plantar de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico de fratura de calcâneo e correlacioná-las com duas diferentes vias de acesso cirúrgico. Métodos: Os autores estudaram 15 pacientes com idade entre 20 e 53 anos (média de 40,06 anos que apresentaram fraturas intra-articulares do calcâneo, submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico por duas vias de acesso cirúrgico, a via lateral e a via do seio do tarso. Avaliaram a distribuição da pressão plantar, correlacionando essas variáveis com as duas vias de acesso. A avaliação da distribuição da pressão plantar foi rea-lizada através do sistema Pedar (Novel, GmbH, Munique, Alemanha, verificando o pico máximo de pressão do retropé e do antepé do lado fraturado e do lado normal. RESULTADOS: A média das pressões máximas dos plantigramas do retropé dos pés operados pela via de acesso lateral e pela via curta não apresentou diferença estatística entre as duas vias de acesso (t = 0,11; p = 0,91, bem como a média das pressões máximas dos plantigramas do antepé também não mostrou diferença estatística significativa (t = -0,48; p = 0,64. CONCLUSÃO: Os autores concluíram que não houve diferença estatística entre as médias dos picos máximos de pressão do retropé e do antepé do lado operado, comparados com o lado normal, bem como não houve diferença estatística dessas variáveis comparadas com a via de acesso cirúrgico utilizada.OBJECTIVE: Verify the variables of plantar pressure distribution of patients submitted to surgical procedure for calcaneal fracture, and correlate them with two different surgical approaches. Method: The authors studied 15 patients between 20 and 53 years of age (average 40.06 yrs. who had intra-joint calcaneal fractures, submitted to surgical treatment by means of two different approaches: the lateral and the sinus tarsi. The authors checked the plantar pressure distribution by

  13. Applying Bioaugmentation to Treat DNAPL Sources in Fractured Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-27

    limited to a relatively small footprint and depth interval compared to the where elevated (>10% solubility) dissolved concentrations of PCE were...electron donor source, such as vegetable oil, is typically used in passive approaches. When treating a DNAPL source area in fractured rock, there are... vegetable oil) are used. Hydrogen The generation of hydrogen can be used to verify fermentation of electron donor. Metals (Fe, Mn, As) Increase

  14. Infected tibia defect fractures treated with the Masquelet technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mühlhäusser, Julia; Winkler, Jörg; Babst, Reto; Beeres, Frank J P

    2017-05-01

    The treatment after open and infected fractures with extensive soft tissue damage and bone deficit remains a challenging clinical problem. The technique described by Masquelet, using a temporary cement spacer to induce a membrane combined with reconstructive soft tissue coverage, is a possible solution. This study describes the work-up, operative procedure, complications, and the outcome of a homogenous group of patients with an open and infected tibia fracture and segmental bone loss treated with the Masquelet technique (MT).This retrospective study evaluates patients having sustained an open tibia fracture treated with the MT between 2008 and 2013 with a follow up of at least 1 year. The defect was either primary, caused by a high-grade open fracture or secondary due to a non-union after an open fracture. Prerequisite conditions prior to the procedure of the Masquelet were a defect zone with eradicated infection, an intact soft tissue cover and stability provided by an external fixation.Volume of the defect, time until the implantation of the spacer, time of the spacer in situ and the time to clinical and radiological union were evaluated. Patient records were screened for reoperations and complications. The functional clinical outcome was measured.Eight patients were treated with a follow up over 1 year. The spacer was implanted after a median of 11 (2-70) weeks after the accident. The predefined conditions for the Masquelet phase were reached after a median of 12 (7-34) operations.Seven patients required reconstructive soft tissue coverage. The volume of the defect had a median of 111 (53.9-621.6) cm, the spacer was in situ for a median of 12 (7-26) weeks. Radiological healing was achieved in 7 cases after a median time of 52 (26-93) weeks.Full weight bearing was achieved after a median time of 16 (11-24) weeks. Four patients needed a reoperation. The lower limb functional index was a median of 60% (32-92%).Seven out of 8 patients treated in this group of

  15. Interventions for treating fractures of the patella in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayum Filho, Jorge; Lenza, Mário; Teixeira de Carvalho, Rogerio; Pires, Osvaldo G N; Cohen, Moisés; Belloti, João Carlos

    2015-02-27

    Fractures of the patella (kneecap) account for around 1% of all human fractures. The treatment of these fractures can be surgical or conservative (such as immobilisation with a cast or brace). There are many different surgical and conservative interventions for treating fractures of the patella in adults. To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of interventions (surgical and conservative) for treating fractures of the patella in adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (2 May 2014), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, 2014, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1946 to April Week 4 2014), Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations (2 May 2014), Embase (1980 to 2014 Week 17), LILACS (1982 to 2 May 2014), trial registers and references lists of articles. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs that evaluated any surgical or conservative intervention for treating adults with fractures of the patella were eligible for inclusion. The primary outcomes were patient-rated knee function and knee pain, and major adverse outcomes. At least two review authors independently selected eligible trials, assessed risk of bias and cross-checked data extraction. Where appropriate, results of comparable trials were pooled. We included five small trials involving 169 participants with patella fractures. Participant age ranged from 16 to 76 years. There were 68 females and 100 males; the gender of one participant was not reported. Two trials were conducted in China and one each in Finland, Mexico and Turkey.All five trials compared different surgical interventions. Two trials compared biodegradable versus metallic implants for treating displaced patella fractures; one trial compared patellectomy with advancement of vastus medialis obliquus versus simple patellectomy for treating comminuted patella fractures; and two trials compared percutaneous osteosynthesis (both procedures were 'novel' and one

  16. Lateral decubitus for treating pertrochanteric fractures using cephalomedullary nails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elton João Nunes de Oliveira

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective radiographic evaluation on the fracture reduction and implant position in the femoral head among patients with pertrochanteric fractures who had been treated using a cephalomedullary nail in lateral decubitus; and to assess factors that might interfere with the quality of the fracture reduction and with the implant position in using this technique. METHODS: Nineteen patients with a diagnosis of pertrochanteric fractures of the femur who had been treated using cephalomedullary nails in lateral decubitus were evaluated. For outpatient radiographic evaluations, we used the anteroposterior view of the pelvis and lateral view of the side affected. We measured the cervicodiaphyseal angle, tip-apex distance (TAD, spatial position of the cephalic element in relation to the head, and the bispinal diameter. To make an anthropometric assessment, we used the body mass index. Two groups of patients were created: one in which all the criteria were normal (TAD ≤25 mm, cervicodiaphyseal angle between 130° and 135° and cephalic implant position in the femoral head in the central-central quadrant; and another group presenting alterations in some of the criteria for best prognosis. RESULTS: Female patients predominated (57.9% and the mean age was 60 years. Seven patients presented a central-central cephalic implant position. One patient present a cervicodiaphyseal angle >135° and the maximum TAD was 32 mm; consequently, 12 patients presented some altered criteria (63.2%. None of the characteristics evaluated differed between the patients with all their criteria normal and those with some altered criteria, or showed any statistically significant association among them ( p> 0.05. CONCLUSION: The technique described here enabled good reduction and good positioning of the implant, independent of the anthropometric indices and type of fracture.

  17. Treatment outcomes of intertrochanteric femur fractures treated with DLT™ nail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Arıcan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Intramedullary nails frequently use in proximal femur fractures. In this study, 49 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were evaluated clinical and radiological results treated with dyna locking trochanteric (DLT™ nail retrospectively. Methods: Twenty-two (44.9% patients were male and 27 (55.1% patients were female. Mean age was 74.29±1.98 (28-99 years and Followed up for a mean of 14.35±3.43 (9-24 months. Thirty-seven (75.6% of the fractures resulted from simple falls while 6 (12.2% caused from traffic accidents and 6 (12.2% fall down from height. There were 24 (49.0% left and 25 (51.0% right lower extremities fractured. According to Orthopaedic Trauma Association classification system; 21 (42.9%, 21 (42.9% and 7 (14.2% fractures were classified as 31A1, 31A2, and 31A3 respectively. One (2.0% patient had claviculae fracture, 3 (6.1% patients had radius distal fracture and 1 (2.0% patient had total knee arthroplasty. After surgery, X-ray was used for radiological results and functional outcomes were evaluated according to the Harris hip scoring system. Results: The average waiting time for the surgery was 2.02±0.18 (1-7 days and hospitalization time was 6.23±0.29 (4-15 days. Mean fracture healing time was 11.74±1.82 (8-15 weeks. Three patients had screw cut-out in the follow-up time and performed hemiarthroplasty. The average Harris hip score was 88.02±1.21 (42-97 points and included 29 (59.2% excellent cases, 17 (34.7% good and 3 (6.1% poor. Conclusion: DLT ™ nail is a safe and successful method because of low complication rates, and capability of detection.

  18. Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handoll, Helen H G; Brorson, Stig

    2015-11-11

    .Different methods of surgical management were tested in 12 trials. One trial (57 participants) comparing two types of locking plate versus a locking nail for treating two-part surgical neck fractures found some evidence of slightly better function after plate fixation but also of a higher rate of surgically-related complications. One trial (61 participants) comparing a locking plate versus minimally invasive fixation with distally inserted intramedullary K-wires found little difference between the two implants at two years. Compared with hemiarthroplasty, one trial (32 participants) found similar results with locking plate fixation in function and re-operation rates, whereas another trial (30 participants) reported all five re-operations occurred in the tension-band fixation group. One trial (62 participants) found better patient-rated (Quick DASH) and composite shoulder function scores at a minimum of two years follow-up and a lower incidence of re-operation and complications after reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) compared with hemiarthroplasty.No important between-group differences were found in one trial (120 participants) comparing the deltoid-split approach versus deltopectoral approach for non-contact bridging plate fixation, and two trials (180 participants) comparing 'polyaxial' and 'monaxial' screws in locking plate fixation. One trial (68 participants) produced some preliminary evidence that tended to support the use of medial support locking screws in locking plate fixation. One trial (54 participants) found fewer adverse events, including re-operations, for the newer of two types of intramedullary nail. One trial (35 participants) found better functional results for one of two types of hemiarthroplasty. One trial (45 participants) found no important effects of tenodesis of the long head of the biceps for people undergoing hemiarthroplasty.Very limited evidence suggested similar outcomes from early versus later mobilisation after either surgical fixation (one trial

  19. Pediatric and adolescent intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Dudda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Calcaneal fractures in childhood are very rare, whereas particularly intra-articular displaced fractures are not typical in skeletally immature children. Various techniques of osteosynthesis have been described. This study aimed to determine clinical and radiological outcome after surgical treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Fourteen intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus were included in this retrospective study. Eleven children (2 girls and 9 boys aged 6-16 years (average age 11.5 years underwent surgical treatment. One child sustained a Type II open fracture of both calcanei. All injuries occurred after a high-energy trauma; 3 patients had multiple additional fractures. The clinical and radiological postoperative follow up was an average 44 months. In 4 cases, a reduction through a minimally invasive approach and fixation with K-wires or screws could be achieved. Eleven fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with plate osteosynthesis, K-wires or screws. In one case with open fractures of both heel bones, an additional external fixator was applied. The surgical treatment approach adopted enabled the pre-operative Boehler’s angle (average 16° to be improved to an average 30°. In all cases, except for the patient with open fractures, a good functional result and outcome could be achieved. In calcaneal fractures in childhood, anatomical reduction is the determining factor, as in fractures in adults, whereas the surgical technique seems to have no influence on clinical outcome in children. The wound healing problems that have often been described were not observed in this age group.

  20. Surgical interventions for treating distal humeral fractures in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Zhuo, Qi; Tang, Peifu; Yang, Wei

    2013-01-31

    group in the analyses. The reported Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) results were consistently better in the TEA group at follow-up after 6, 12, and 24 months, whereas the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, Hand (DASH) scores showed short term (after 6 months), but not longer term (after 12 and 24 months), superiority in the TEA group. The reoperation rate, complication rate and elbow range of motion results showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups. While an intention-to-treat analysis of treatment failure, where the five cross-over participants are placed in their original allocated group, is in favour of TEA, the result did not reach statistical significance (9/21 versus 3/21; RR 3.00, 95% CI 0.94 to 9.55).The second trial, involving 38 patients but reporting results for 35, compared perpendicular versus parallel double plate fixation strategies. There was a consistent finding of a lack of significant differences between the two treatment groups in terms of MEPS, re-operation for complications (3/17 versus 3/18; RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.25 to 4.54), complications and elbow joint range of motion.The third trial, which included 29 patients with preoperative ulnar nerve compression symptoms, compared anterior subfascial transposition with in situ decompression of the ulnar nerve. Although results for complete recovery of ulnar nerve function (12/15 versus 8/14; RR 1.4, 95% CI 0.83 to 2.35) and grades based on the Bishop rating system tended to favour the transposition group, none of the differences were statistically significant. Overall, this review found there is either no or insufficient evidence from randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials to determine whether surgery is, and which surgical interventions are, the most appropriate for the management of different types of distal humerus fractures. Well designed and reported large and multi-centre randomised controlled trials testing current interventions, such as pre-contoured and

  1. Interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhuri, Vrisha; Dutt, Vivek; Gahukamble, Abhay D; Tharyan, Prathap

    2014-12-01

    Fractures of the femoral shaft in children are relatively uncommon but serious injuries that disrupt the lives of children and their carers and can result in significant long-term disability. Treatment involves either surgical fixation, such as intramedullary nailing or external fixation, or conservative treatment involving prolonged immobilisation, often in hospital. To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (accessed 16 August 2013), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2013 Issue 7), MEDLINE (1946 to August Week 1 2013), EMBASE (1980 to 2012 week 9), CINAHL (16 August 2013), clinical trials registries, conference proceedings and reference lists; and contacted trial authors and experts in the field. Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing conservative and surgical interventions for diaphyseal fractures of the femur in children under 18 years of age. Our primary outcomes were functional outcome measures, unacceptable malunion, and serious adverse events. Two authors independently screened and selected trials, assessed risk of bias and extracted data. We assessed the overall quality of the evidence for each outcome for each comparison using the GRADE approach. We pooled data using a fixed-effect model. We included 10 trials (six randomised and four quasi-randomised) involving a total of 527 children (531 fractures). All trials were at some risk of bias, including performance bias as care provider blinding was not practical, but to a differing extent. Just one trial was at low risk of selection bias. Reflecting both the risk of bias and the imprecision of findings, we judged the quality of evidence to be 'low' for most outcomes, meaning that we are unsure about the estimates of effect. Most trials failed to report on self-assessed function or when

  2. Calcaneal spurs among San and Khoi skeletons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caroline, Cermak; Kirchengast, Sylvia

    2015-01-01

    Only few studies considered the prevalence of calcaneal enthesophytes commonly called heel spurs among historic skeleton samples. In the present study the frequency of plantar calcaneal spurs among 54 19(th) century Khoisan skeletons was analyzed. Five individuals (9.6 %) had a plantar calcaneal spur at the right side or left side. Calcaneal spurs were more likely to occur in older individuals. More than 20 % of the individuals aged between 40 and 60 years (mature) showed plantar spurs, while 6.2 % of the individuals aged between 20 and 40 years had plantar spurs; however this difference was not significant. No sex differences were present in the prevalence of calcaneal spurs. Male and female individuals did not differ in the metric dimensions of the calcanceal spurs significantly.

  3. Interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhuri, Vrisha; Dutt, Vivek; Gahukamble, Abhay D; Tharyan, Prathap

    2014-07-29

    Fractures of the femoral shaft in children are relatively uncommon but serious injuries that disrupt the lives of children and their carers and can result in significant long-term disability. Treatment involves either surgical fixation, such as intramedullary nailing or external fixation, or conservative treatment involving prolonged immobilisation, often in hospital. To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of interventions for treating femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (accessed 16 August 2013), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library 2013 Issue 7), MEDLINE (1946 to August Week 1 2013), EMBASE (1980 to 2012 week 9), CINAHL (16 August 2013), clinical trials registries, conference proceedings and reference lists; and contacted trial authors and experts in the field. Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing conservative and surgical interventions for diaphyseal fractures of the femur in children under 18 years of age. Our primary outcomes were functional outcome measures, unacceptable malunion, and serious adverse events. Two authors independently screened and selected trials, assessed risk of bias and extracted data. We assessed the overall quality of the evidence for each outcome for each comparison using the GRADE approach. We pooled data using a fixed-effect model. We included 10 trials (six randomised and four quasi-randomised) involving a total of 527 children (531 fractures). All trials were at some risk of bias, including performance bias as care provider blinding was not practical, but to a differing extent. Just one trial was at low risk of selection bias. Reflecting both the risk of bias and the imprecision of findings, we judged the quality of evidence to be 'low' for most outcomes, meaning that we are unsure about the estimates of effect. Most trials failed to report on self-assessed function or when

  4. Is Surgical Navigation Useful for Treating Zygomatic Arch Fractures?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, Min Kwan; Jung, Joo Hyun; Kim, Seon Tae; Oh, Na Rae; Bang, Yu Jin; Kang, Il Gyu

    2017-07-01

    To report the case of a 58-year-old man with a zygomatic arch fracture, which was well localized and reduced using a surgical navigation system. In this clinical report, the authors suggest intraoperative surgical navigation systems are useful diagnostically and for localizing sites of zygomatic arch fractures. The patient underwent successful closed reduction of zygomatic arch fractures using a surgical navigation system. Surgical navigation is a useful tool for identifying the locations of zygomatic arch fractures and for guiding closed reduction. Surgical navigation is recommended for localizing the sites of zygomatic fractures.

  5. [Is calcaneal osteotomy justified in Haglund's disease?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maynou, C; Mestdagh, H; Dubois, H H; Petroff, E; Elise, S

    1998-11-01

    The authors report their experience of Zadek's wedge osteotomy in the treatment of posterior talalgia in adults and evaluate the various radiographical measurements for calcaneus deformity measurement.... This procedure was performed in 27 patients with a total of 36 calcanea treated between 1985 and 1996. The sex ratio was 20 women for 7 men with an average age of 27 years. Prior to this osteotomy nine feet were operated by resection of the postero-superior tuberosity with recurrence of pain and disability, and two patients presented an inflammatory arthritis. For the surgical procedure, the patient was placed in lateral position. Skin incision was five to six centimeters long, curvilinear along the lateral side of the tendo achillis. Two dorsal pins were inserted, creating a triangle so that the apex pointed plantarly and the base dorsally. The sagittal saw was then used to create a wedge osteotomy with a dorsal base of seven to ten millimeters. A screw was then driven across the osteotomy site for ultimate fixation. Eighty per cent (29 osteotomies) of patients had been examined clinically and radiologically with a mean follow-up of 29 months. Considering pain, daily activity and discomfort with footwear, results were excellent in 12 cases, good in 10, fair in 5 and poor in two cases. No radiological criteria used for the diagnosis of Haglund's disease were absolutely reliable. The "total angle" of Ruch, the "c.l angle" of Chauveaux and the "parallel pitch lines" of Heneghan reflect the amount of deformation most accurately, but especially, the calcaneal inclination angle was always increased (16 cases between 18 degrees and 30 degrees, 6 cases > 30 degrees). All patients had a weight-bearing calcaneal talus, either alone or in the context of posterior pes cavus. This study confirms the responsibility of rearfoot morphostatic disorders in posterior talalgia and the goods results obtained by Zadek osteotomy.

  6. Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handoll, Helen H G; Brorson, Stig

    2015-01-01

    that early mobilisation resulted in better recovery and less pain in people with mainly minimally displaced fractures. There was evidence of little difference between the two groups in shoulder complications (2/127 early mobilisation versus 3/132 delayed mobilisation; 4 trials) and fracture displacement...... supervised exercise in a swimming pool plus home exercise.Eight trials, involving 567 older participants, evaluated surgical intervention for displaced fractures. There was high quality evidence of no clinically important difference in patient-reported shoulder and upper-limb function at one- or two......BACKGROUND: Fracture of the proximal humerus, often termed shoulder fracture, is a common injury in older people. The management of these fractures varies widely. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2001 and last updated in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits...

  7. Outcomes of The Isolated Closed Tibial Shaft Fractures Treated Nonsurgically

    OpenAIRE

    Dawood Jafari; Pouya Nozarnejad

    2011-01-01

    Background: Fractures of the tibia are important for their commonness and controversy in their management. Both conservative and surgical techniques have been introduced in an effort to speed time to union while minimizing the occurrence of complications. Standard treatment for low-energy tibial shaft fractures includes closed reduction and cast immobilization.The purpose of our study was to analyze retention of reduction after cast immobilization of simple isolated closed tibial fractures.Me...

  8. Treating and management in acute Laugier's fracture: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Predrag Grubor; Gabriele Falzarano; Antonio Medici; Luigi Meccariello; Milan Grubor

    2014-01-01

    Laugier's fractures are rare because they are located deep in the elbow joint and are thus protected from any direct trauma. Laugier's fractures have been insufficiently described in the literature. Surgical treatment does not have an alternative, and timely diagnosis and surgical and physical therapy. We presented a case report of a 23 years' old man, sustained a Laugier's fracture in June 2012 after falling from motocycle (low energy trauma) and hit with his flexed elbow against the street.

  9. Treating and management in acute Laugier's fracture: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag Grubor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Laugier's fractures are rare because they are located deep in the elbow joint and are thus protected from any direct trauma. Laugier's fractures have been insufficiently described in the literature. Surgical treatment does not have an alternative, and timely diagnosis and surgical and physical therapy. We presented a case report of a 23 years' old man, sustained a Laugier's fracture in June 2012 after falling from motocycle (low energy trauma and hit with his flexed elbow against the street.

  10. Bilateral atypical femoral diaphyseal fractures in a patient treated with alendronate sodium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Joon Kiong

    2009-07-01

    Antiresorptive agents have been used as primary or first-line therapy in managing patients with osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates in particular are used widely to reduce bone resorption, increase bone mineral density, improve bone quality and therefore reduce fracture risk. However, prolonged use of bisphosphonates may cause over-suppression of bone resorption, leading on to accumulation of micro-damage in bone. This in turn might lead on to atypical femoral fractures. A patient treated with alendronate sodium for 8 years, and presenting with bilateral atypical femoral diaphyseal fractures is reported. X-rays of both femurs showed typical horizontal fracture line involving the thick lateral cortex with short oblique fracture pattern over the medial cortex. This fracture pattern was further confirmed with intra-operative examination of the fracture ends. Histopathological examination of the endocortical fragment removed from the proximal fracture end showed absence of osteoclasts and osteoblasts. Bone mineral density with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan showed osteopenia over the femoral neck. Blood investigations did not show significant abnormalities. Bone turnover marker levels were not reliable, as presence of fracture might have altered the marker levels. Both femoral fractures united well. The patient reported here had complete pictures on X-ray examination, intra-operative findings, histopathological examination, DXA, as well as blood test results. Complete data should be collected from patients treated with alendronate sodium presenting with atypical femoral fractures to show any link between the use of alendronate sodium with atypical fracture of femur.

  11. [Analysis on complications of elastic nail treating children's long bone fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Lu-feng; Chen, Qiu; Zhong, Zhao-ping; Xu, Rong-ming; Wang, Hao-ran; Peng, Lin-rui; Ren, Rong

    2009-02-01

    To analyze the reasons on complications of treatment with elastic nail in children's long bone fracture. Sixty-six cases (75 parts of long bone fratures) were treated by elastic nail including 49 male and 17 female. The age ranged from 3 to 17 years, mean 7.8 years. There were 35 femur fractures (2 cases were hibateral), 20 tibia and fibula fractures (12 cases were tibia fractures), 8 radial fractures (1 case was ulna fracture) and 3 humerus fractures. The cases included 4 open fractures and 62 closed fractures. All cases were fresh fractures, no multi-segmental fractures. Three cases associated with brain and chest injuries. These cases were treated by open or closed reduction and internal fixaion with elastic nail. A cast or brace had been used after operation for a month. Following-up included the function of the joint,the bottom of the nail and the callus. Complications were timely recorded. All the patients were followed-up for 12 to 29 months, averaged 17 months. The cases occurrenced compilications including 2 cases of nonunion, 2 of new fracture, 1 of displacment, 4 of joint dysfunction, 3 of irritation of the bottom of the nail and 1 malunion. Strict indication, well design,canonical operation is a good way to avoid compliacations. At the same time,early treatment can reduce the sequela.

  12. Characteristics of calcaneal bone infarction: an MR imaging investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abrahim-Zadeh, R.; Klein, R.M.; Leslie, D.; Norman, A. [Department of Radiology, New York Medical College, Macy Pavillion, Valhalla, NY 10595 (United States)

    1998-06-01

    Objective. Bone infarction (BI) of the calcaneus is an uncommon entity which has received little mention in the recent literature. In this paper, we review the MR images of six calcanei with BI, which demonstrate a pattern of presentation that may explain the etiology of BI at this unusual location. Design. A retrospective review was performed of the transcribed reports of the foot or ankle MR examinations at our institution. MR images of examinations with any marrow signal abnormality were reviewed for presence of BI and its distribution. Patients. Based on MRI criteria, four patients had calcaneal BI (none biopsy proven); they ranged in age from 37 to 51 years old. Two patients were diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, one with fibrositis, and another with polymyositis. All were treated with corticosteroids. Results. Six calcanei (in four patients) contained a region of calcaneal BI. In five of the six, the lesions were entirely or predominantly located in the posterior half of the calcaneus. Conclusion. Two theories are proposed which may explain why BI predominantly occurs in the posterior half of the calcaneus. First, the convergence of the recurrent intraosseous calcaneal vessels may occasionally produce the equivalent of a single dominant vessel that is more prone to vascular accidents. Secondly, the region between the recurrent and the epiphyseal vessels may act as a watershed zone, increasing its susceptibility to ischemia. (orig.) With 4 figs., 1 tab., 8 refs.

  13. [Percutaneous surgery for plantar fasciitis due to a calcaneal spur].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apóstol-González, Saúl; Herrera, Jesús

    2009-01-01

    Determine the efficacy of percutaneous surgical treatment for talalgia due to a calcaneal spur. This is an observational, descriptive, clinical series analyzing the outcomes of 10 patients with a diagnosis of talalgia due to plantar fasciitis with a calcaneal spur treated with percutaneous foot surgery. The end result was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS) to measure pain, the patients' opinion and their return to activities of daily living. Central tendency and scatter measurements were calculated. The inferential analysis was done with the non-parametric chi square (chi2) test. Most patients were females (90%) and mean age was 40.5 years. Follow-up was 12 months. One patient had bleeding of the approached area. Pain was reduced from 8 to 1.5 in the VAS. Nine patients returned to their activities. Two patients had occasional mild pain upon prolonged bipedestation. Ninety percent of results were satisfactory. Percutaneous foot surgery in talalgias caused by plantar fasciitis due to a calcaneal spur is a simple and effective method. It reduces the operative time and allows for an early return of patients to their activities of daily living.

  14. Comparison between the gold standard DXA with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound based-strategy (QUS) to detect osteoporosis in an HIV infected cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiros Roldan, Eugenia; Brianese, Nigritella; Raffetti, Elena; Focà, Emanuele; Pezzoli, Maria Chiara; Bonito, Andrea; Ferraresi, Alice; Lanza, Paola; Porcelli, Teresa; Castelli, Francesco

    Osteoporosis represents one of the most frequent comorbidity among HIV patients. The current standard method for osteoporosis diagnosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound can provide information about bone quality. The aims of this study are to compare these two methods and to evaluate their ability to screen for vertebral fracture. This cross-sectional study was conducted in HIV patients attending the Clinic of Infectious and Tropical Diseases of Brescia during 2014 and who underwent lumbar/femoral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, vertebral fracture assessment and calcaneal quantitative ultrasound. The assessment of osteoporosis diagnostic accuracy was performed for calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and for vertebral fracture comparing them with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. We enrolled 73 patients and almost 48% of them had osteoporosis with at least one of the method used. Vertebral fracture were present in 27.4%. Among patients with normal bone measurements, we found vertebral fracture in proportion between 10% and 30%. If we used calcaneal quantitative ultrasound method and/or X-ray as screening, the percentages of possible savable dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ranged from 12% to 89% and misclassification rates ranged from 0 to 24.6%. A combined strategy, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and X-Ray, identified 67% of patients with low risk of osteoporosis, but 16.4% of patients were misclassified. We observed that patients with osteoporosis determined by calcaneal quantitative ultrasound and/or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry have higher probability to undergo vertebral fracture, but neither of them can be used for predicting vertebral fracture. Use of calcaneal quantitative ultrasound for screening is a reasonable alternative of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry since our study confirm that none strategy is clearly superior, but both screen tools must be always completed with X-ray. Copyright © 2017 Sociedade

  15. Investigation of Mechanical Properties and Fracture Simulation of Solution-Treated AA 5754

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Pankaj; Singh, Akhilendra

    2017-10-01

    In this work, mechanical properties and fracture toughness of as-received and solution-treated aluminum alloy 5754 (AA 5754) are experimentally evaluated. Solution heat treatment of the alloy is performed at 530 °C for 2 h, and then, quenching is done in water. Yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, impact toughness, hardness, fatigue life, brittle fracture toughness (K_{Ic} ) and ductile fracture toughness (J_{Ic} ) are evaluated for as-received and solution-treated alloy. Extended finite element method has been used for the simulation of tensile and fracture behavior of material. Heaviside function and asymptotic crack tip enrichment functions are used for modelling of the crack in the geometry. Ramberg-Osgood material model coupled with fracture energy is used to simulate the crack propagation. Fracture surfaces obtained from various mechanical tests are characterized by scanning electron microscopy.

  16. Outcome of bone marrow instillation at fracture site in intracapsular fracture of femoral neck treated by head preserving surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Nikhil; Singh, M P; Ul-Haq, Rehan; Rajnish, Rajesh K; Anshuman, Rahul

    2017-08-01

    The aim of present study is to evaluate the outcome of bone marrow instillation at the fracture site in fracture of intracapsular neck femur treated by head preserving surgery. This study included 32 patients of age group 18-50 years with closed fracture of intracapsular neck femur. Patients were randomized into two groups as per the plan generated via www.randomization.com. The two groups were Group A (control), in which the fracture of intracapsular neck femur was treated by closed reduction and cannulated cancellous screw fixation, and Group B (intervention), in which additional percutaneous autologous bone marrow aspirate instillation at fracture site was done along with cannulated cancellous screw fixation. Postoperatively the union at fracture site and avascular necrosis of the femoral head were assessed on serial plain radiographs at final follow-up. Functional outcome was evaluated by Harris hip score. The average follow-up was 19.6 months. Twelve patients in each group had union and 4 patients had signs of nonunion. One patient from each group had avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The average Harris hip score at final follow-up in Group A was 80.50 and in Group B was 75.73, which was found to be not significant. There is no significant role of adding on bone marrow aspirate instillation at the fracture site in cases of fresh fracture of intracapsular neck femur treated by head preserving surgery in terms of accelerating the bone healing and reducing the incidence of femoral head necrosis. Copyright © 2017 Daping Hospital and the Research Institute of Surgery of the Third Military Medical University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Increased Fracture Collapse after Intertrochanteric Fractures Treated by the Dynamic Hip Screw Adversely Affects Walking Ability but Not Survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Christian; Gudushauri, Paata; Wong, Tak-Man; Lau, Tak-Wing; Pun, Terence; Leung, Frankie

    2016-01-01

    In osteoporotic hip fractures, fracture collapse is deliberately allowed by commonly used implants to improve dynamic contact and healing. The muscle lever arm is, however, compromised by shortening. We evaluated a cohort of 361 patients with AO/OTA 31.A1 or 31.A2 intertrochanteric fracture treated by the dynamic hip screw (DHS) who had a minimal follow-up of 3 months and an average follow-up of 14.6 months and long term survival data. The amount of fracture collapse and shortening due to sliding of the DHS was determined at the latest follow-up and graded as minimal (2 cm). With increased severity of collapse, more patients were unable to maintain their premorbid walking function (minimal collapse = 34.2%, moderate = 33.3%, severe = 62.8%, and p = 0.028). Based on ordinal regression of risk factors, increased fracture collapse was significantly and independently related to increasing age (p = 0.037), female sex (p = 0.024), A2 fracture class (p = 0.010), increased operative duration (p = 0.011), poor reduction quality (p = 0.000), and suboptimal tip-apex distance of >25 mm (p = 0.050). Patients who had better outcome in terms of walking function were independently predicted by younger age (p = 0.036), higher MMSE marks (p = 0.000), higher MBI marks (p = 0.010), better premorbid walking status (p = 0.000), less fracture collapse (p = 0.011), and optimal lag screw position in centre-centre or centre-inferior position (p = 0.020). According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, fracture collapse had no association with mortality from 2.4 to 7.6 years after surgery. In conclusion, increased fracture collapse after fixation of geriatric intertrochanteric fractures adversely affected walking but not survival.

  18. Epidemiological analysis of mandibular fractures treated in Sao Paulo, Brazil

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    Kelly Marinho

    2015-10-01

    Conclusion: The treatment of mandibular fractures should be aimed at restoring the occlusion and mastication function, with surgery being the most indicated treatment, using reduction and internal fixation with the use of a plates and screws system based on the experience of the authors. Knowledge of surgical techniques and methods of reduction and fixation of fractures, and periodic monitoring allow these patients to receive the appropriate treatment.

  19. Fractures of the middle third of the tibia treated with a functional brace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmiento, Augusto; Latta, Loren L

    2008-12-01

    It generally is accepted that fractures of the tibia located in the proximal and distal thirds tend to angulate more than midshaft fractures when treated with intramedullary nails. We therefore compared the angular deformities and final shortening of 434 closed fractures located in the middle third of the tibia treated with a functional brace with those in fractures in the proximal and distal thirds treated in the same manner. Ninety-seven percent in the middle third healed with 8 degrees or less angulation in the mediolateral plane, which was a higher percentage than we had experienced in distal and proximal third fractures treated with this method. Nonunions occurred in four (0.9%) fractures. We found correlations between initial shortening, final shortening, initial displacement, final displacement, and time to brace with initial angulation and final angulation in the mediolateral and anteroposterior planes. The overall mean final shortening of the fractures located in the middle third was 4.3 mm. These experiences suggest satisfactory results can be obtained in most instances using a functional brace for management of closed fractures of the middle third of the tibia. Level II, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  20. 450 closed fractures of the distal third of the tibia treated with a functional brace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmiento, Augusto; Latta, Loren L

    2004-11-01

    Four hundred fifty closed fractures of the distal third of the tibial diaphysis, treated with a functional brace, are the subject of this study. Four (0.9%) of the fractures resulted in nonunion. The average healing time was 16.6 +/- 5.6 weeks, with a range from 10-40 weeks. The average final shortening was 5.1 +/- 4.8 mm with a range from 0-25 mm. Four hundred twenty four (94.2%) fractures healed with nails. It seems that functional bracing is an effective method of treatment of a selected group of tibial fractures.

  1. Treating patella fractures with a fixed-angle patella plate-A prospective observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wild, Michael; Fischer, Kai; Hilsenbeck, Florian; Hakimi, Mohssen; Betsch, Marcel

    2016-08-01

    Anterior tension wiring using Kirschner wires (K-wires) is still considered the standard treatment for patella fractures, despite its high complication rate. The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate intra- and perioperative complications as well as the clinical outcome of patients with patella fracture treated with a new developed bilateral, polyaxial, fixed-angle 2.7mm patella plate. Between 2011 and 2014 all patients with a patella fracture were included in this prospective study and treated with a fixed-angle patella plate. Avulsion fractures of the inferior or superior pole of the patella were excluded. All fractures were classified according to the AO/OTA fracture classification. During a twelve-month follow up period all intra- and postoperative complications were recorded as well as the time until fracture healing. One year postoperatively the Lysholm Score, the pre- and postoperative Tegner Score, the Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score (HSS), the Turba Score, the Oxford Knee Score, the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), the Bostman Score and the Iowa Knee Score were surveyed. Altogether, 20 patella fractures in 19 patients were included in this prospective study. The most frequent type of fracture, n=10, was a simple transverse patella fracture (C1), followed by 7 comminuted patella fractures (C3) and 3 T-shaped patella fractures (C2). During the 12-month follow up period two patients treated with the patella plate had a complication. In one patient a superficial wound infection occurred, which was treated successfully with hardware removal and in one patient a fracture dislocation due to an implant failure occurred. X-rays demonstrated complete bony healing in all fractures on average 3.2 months postoperatively. All knee scores showed good to excellent clinical results one year postoperatively. The results of this first clinical study indicate that the fixed-angle patella plate is an effective and safe

  2. [The clinical assessment of zygomatic complex fracture treated via infraorbital incision and rigid fixation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, H P; Zhou, J G; Shen, Y; Huang, L J

    2001-12-01

    To investigate the clinical effect of zygomatic complex (ZC) fracture via infraorbital incision and rigid fixation. To clinically classify 65 cases with ZC fractures,which treated with open reduction and minor titanium-plate internal fixation. (1) The operated area can be widely exposed via infraorbital incision. (2) ZC fractures can be reducted timely and correctly. (3) The fragments can be fixed rigidly with minor Ti-plaets. No injury to the facial nerve.The satisfactory rate of recovery was 95.4% (63/65). Operation through infraorbital incision is suitable to ZC fractures.

  3. Treating Simple Tibia Fractures with Poly-DL-Lactic Acid Screw as a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To investigate the curative effect of poly-DL-lactic acid (PDLLA) absorbable screw as a locked intramedullary nail for simple tibia fractures. Methods: In this study, 35 patients treated with the PDLLA screw were observed, and another 35 patients treated with a traditional locking intramedullary nail were treated as ...

  4. Fractures in the proximal humerus: functional outcome and evaluation of 70 patients treated in hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjalestad, Tore; Strømsøe, Knut; Blücher, Judith; Tennøe, Bjørn

    2005-06-01

    Patients with proximal humeral fractures are mostly elderly. In addition to the proximal humeral fracture, they often have other injuries related to poor bone quality. The surgical treatment of proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients with comminuted fractures is associated with several problems and a high frequency of complications. The aims of this study were to evaluate patients with a proximal humeral fracture treated in a hospital, assess the outcome of the fracture treatment, and decide whether surgical treatment of displaced proximal humeral fractures is superior to conservative treatment or not. Patients with fractures of the proximal part of the humerus treated in our hospital were followed during two different periods (14 and 10 months). The study in the first time period was retrospective in design, while in the second period the patients were followed prospectively. Seventy patients, (71% women) with a mean age of 71 years, were included in the study. A functional test was performed within 12-14 months after the injury using a modified Rowe shoulder score. Surgical treatment was performed in 15 patients (21%). Neither the surgical approach nor the implants used for osteosynthesis were standardized. Fifty-five patients (79%) were treated conservatively with a modified Velpeau bandage or a sling. The fractures were classified according to AO into type A (27%), type B (58%) and type C (14%). Osteoporotic risk factors were present in many of the patients, mainly characterized by other skeletal injuries than the proximal humeral fracture (43%). In the group of complex, displaced, non-impacted fractures B2, B3, C2, C3 included (20 fractures), the group treated conservatively had a mean Rowe score of 48/75 (64% of maximum score) and SD 16.8, while in the surgically treated group the mean score was 28/75 (38% of maximum score) and SD 8.1. The difference between the two treatments was significant, with a p-value of 0.01 in favour of the conservatively

  5. Outcome of distal end clavicle fractures treated with locking plates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raju Vaishya

    2017-02-01

    Conclusion: The precontoured locking plates with lateral extension may be a good method to fix the fractures of the lateral end clavicle, which provide a stable fixation with good functional outcome with very few instances of stiffness and decreased range of motion of the shoulder with the hook plates and failure of fixation in screw and K-wire fixations. It may well be the answer to the fixation questions of the lateral clavicle fractures, although larger comparative studies between the surgical treatment methods are required to confirm the same.

  6. A tuber calcanei avulsion fracture developed on the basis of idiopathic osteoporosis in a young male: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terzi, R; Özer, T

    2015-09-01

    Calcaneus fractures constitute 1.2 % of all fractures. Tuber calcanei avulsion fractures constitute 1.3-2.7 % of calcaneus fractures. Osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and diabetes mellitus have been reported to increase the risk of development of these fractures. It has been reported that tuber calcanei avulsion fractures in elderly females might develop due to osteoporosis. As far as we know, no tuber calcanei avulsion fracture developing on the basis of osteoporosis without presence of a trauma has been reported in young males in the literature. In the current case report, a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted with complaints of pain in the left heel and diagnosed with calcaneal avulsion fracture that developed on the basis of idiopathic osteoporosis and who was treated with conservative methods was presented.

  7. Fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth reconstructed with woven polyethylene fiber posts and biological posts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kátia Rodrigues Reis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the fracture strength and mode of endodontically treated teeth with structurally weakened roots reconstructed with woven polyethylene fiber posts and biological posts. Methods: After removing the crowns, 60 endodontically treated maxillary canines were distributed into 4 groups: 1 conventional root canal preparation and reconstruction with polyethylene fiber posts; 2 conventional root canal preparation and reconstruction with biological posts; 3 moderately flared root canals and reconstruction with biological posts; 4 widely flared root canals and reconstruction with biological posts. The posts were cemented with resin cement Enforce (Dentsply Ind. e Com., Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil and the core was constructed with Ti-Core (EssentialDental Systems, S. Hackensack, NJ, USA resin composite. The specimens were tested under compression in a universal testing machine. Results: The following fracture strength values were obtained: Group 1 – 45.46kgf; Group 2 – 53.30kgf; Group 3 – 58.67kgf; Group 4 – 47.91kgf, with statistically significant differences between Groups 1 and 3 (p<0.05. The following fracture modes were observed: Group 1 – predominance of fracture of the coronal portion of the post; Groups 2 and 3 – various fracture patterns; Group 4 – all roots fractured. Conclusion: Both posts were shown to be promising (adequate fracture strength and favorable pattern of fracture. Biological posts appear to be capable of reinforcing the root to some extent; however, fracture occured in all roots with widely flared root canals.

  8. Outcome of humeral shaft fractures treated by functional cast brace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Nath Pal

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Modified functional cast brace is one of the options in treatment for humeral shaft fractures as it can be applied on the 1 st day of the presentation in most of the situations. Simple objective scoring system was useful particularly in uneducated patients.

  9. An interdisciplinary approach to treat crown‑root‑fractured tooth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Restoration of a crown‑root subgingival fractured tooth, especially at anterior aesthetic zones is still a great challenge for restorative dentists. Crown lengthening procedure alone has the disadvantage of high gingival curve of the final restoration, which was not discontinuous to adjacent teeth and thus compromise cosmetic ...

  10. Calcaneal tendon: imaging findings; Tendao calcaneo: avaliacao por imagem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montandon, Cristiano; Fonseca, Cristiano Rezio; Montandon Junior, Marcelo Eustaquio [Colegio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnostico por Imagem, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: crismontandon@hotmail.com; Lobo, Leonardo Valadares; Ribeiro, Flavia Aparecida de Souza; Teixeira, Kim-Ir-Sen Santos [Goias Univ., Goiania, GO (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas. Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem e Anatomia Patologica

    2003-12-01

    We reviewed the radiological and clinical features of 23 patients with calcaneal tendon diseases, who were submitted to ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging. The objective of this study was to characterize the lesions for a precise diagnosis of calcaneal tendon injuries. A wide range of calcaneal tendon diseases include degenerative lesions, inflammation of the peritendinous tissue such as peritendinitis and bursitis, and rupture. Imaging methods are essential in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of calcaneal tendon diseases. (author)

  11. Dynamic and functional gait analysis of severely displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures treated with a hinged external fixator or internal stabilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besch, Lutz; Radke, Birgit; Mueller, Michael; Daniels-Wredenhagen, Mark; Varoga, Deike; Hilgert, Ralf-Erik; Mathiak, Guenther; Oehlert, Katharina; Seekamp, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to assess functional gait outcome. Fifty-five patients with severely displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures and soft tissue damage were evaluated prospectively with computerized dynamic pedography and a clinical scoring scale. The treatment protocol assigned 30 patients to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and 25 to closed reduction and stabilization with a biomechanically tested hinged external fixator. Gait parameter was evaluated by measuring plantar pressure distribution, length of a double-step, double-step duration, standing duration, effective foot length, and width of gait. Pedographic measurements were performed with a custom-made gait analysis system (medilogic Gangas, Berlin, Germany). Results were graded by an extended protocol of questionnaires and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot scales. Radiographs were reviewed according to the Sanders classification at the time of follow-up (7.3 years). All measurements were statistically analyzed (t test; Mann-Whitney U test). Aberrations were associated with all calcaneal fractures in both groups. Dynamic gait analysis showed gait asymmetry in all patients. The type of treatment (ORIF or a hinged fixator) of severely displaced calcaneus fractures did not affect gait analysis nor result in significantly different (P > .05) patient outcome scores. The gait analysis system allows a valid dynamic pedographic measurement. The hinged external fixator can be recommended in displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures with severe soft tissue damage to reduce complications associated with ORIF. ACFAS Level of Clinical Evidence: 2c.

  12. Gentamycin-impregnated calcium phosphate cement for calcaneal osteomyelitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwakura, Takashi; Lee, Sang Yang; Niikura, Takahiro; Miwa, Masahiko; Sakai, Yoshitada; Nishida, Kotaro; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro

    2014-12-01

    We report a case of chronic calcaneal osteomyelitis in a diabetic patient who was successfully treated with radical debridement and gentamycin-impregnated calcium phosphate cement. At 1.5-year follow-up, the patient could walk without any assistance. Calcium phosphate cement is an effective local antibiotic delivery system and a biocompatible material for filling the debrided space to facilitate bone formation.

  13. Sclerostin, an emerging therapeutic target for treating osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture: A general review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pui Kit Suen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoporosis and its associated fracture risk has become one of the major health burdens in our aging population. Currently, bisphosphonate, one of the most popular antiresorptive drugs, is used widely to treat osteoporosis but so far still no consensus has been reached for its application in treatment of osteoporotic fractures. However, in old patients, boosting new bone formation and its remodelling is essential for bone healing in age-related osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Sclerostin, an inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway that regulates bone growth, has become an attractive therapeutic target for treating osteoporosis. In this review, we summarize the recent findings of sclerostin and its potential as an effective drug target for treating both osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures.

  14. Displaced articular calcaneus fractures: classification and fracture scores: a preliminary study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnroongroj, Thos; Chuckpaiwong, Bavornrit; Angthong, Chayanin; Nanakorn, Pongtep; Sudjai, Narumol; Harnroongroj, Thossart

    2012-03-01

    To review and group configurations of displaced articular calcaneal fracture advantaged for classification and radiographic fracture scores. Between 2002 and 2011, medical records and radiographs of patients who sustained acute displaced articular calcaneal fractures were reviewed. The calcanealfracture configurations were grouped as avulsion, bending, burst, or combination. Radiographic displaced articular calcaneal fracture score was designed to include Bohler and Gissane angles, degrees of posterior subtalar joint line parallel, degrees of varus, and burst. The calcaneal fracture score was modified as power of the fracture response to treatment (PFRT). Prevalence of the fracture types, pre- and post-reduction fracture scores including PFRT were studied and statistically analyzed. Sixty-four patients had 77 acute displaced articular calcaneal fractures. The classification consisted of type I avulsion, type II compression bending, type III compression burst, type IV avulsion burst, and type V bending burst. Type IV is the most common. The radiographic calcaneal fracture scores were 10 points. Pre-, post-reduction calcaneal fracture scores and PFRTof type I, II, III, IV, and V were 4.17 (0.41), 0 and 1 (0), 4.63 (2.13), 0.50 (0.93) and 0.84 (0.35), 6.94 (2.05), 3.18 (1.38) and 0.50 (0.27), 8.03 (1.12), 3.03 (2.42) and 0.62 (0.30), and 7.22 (2.11), 3.00 (2.50) and 0.59 (0.29) respectively. Statistical analysis showed significant difference (p fracture scores contained 10 points and were used for determining complexity of the fractures. PFRT was used for evaluating efficacy of fracture treatment.

  15. Do we really need radiographic assessment for the diagnosis of non-specific heel pain (calcaneal apophysitis) in children?

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    Kose, Ozkan [Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic, Diyarbakir (Turkey); Diclekent Bulvari, Ataslar Serhat Evleri, Diyarbakir (Turkey)

    2010-04-15

    Non-specific heel pain (calcaneal apophysitis) is a common disorder, particularly in physically active growing children. Foot radiographs are usually obtained as part of the clinical evaluation in routine orthopaedic practice. However, there is still controversy about the specific findings on radiographs, and it is unclear what information is present on radiographs that may alter the diagnosis and management. The purpose of this study was to review a consecutive series of patients with the diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis to assess the yield of routine radiographs of the foot. A prospective study was performed on 61 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis in a single-surgeon practice. Standard anteroposterior and lateral weight-bearing foot radiographs were obtained for each patient. Seventy-one sets of foot radiographs were reviewed to determine whether radiographs had an impact on diagnosis and management. Patients with antecedent trauma, penetrating injury, foot deformity, achilles tendonitis, bursitis and infections were excluded from the study. Seventy foot radiographs were considered to be normal. The radiographs changed the diagnosis in only one patient, in whom a simple bone cyst of the calcaneous was seen. Calcaneal apophysitis is a self-limiting disease, and patients can be treated conservatively. Neither the sclerosis nor the fragmentation of the apophysis could be used to establish the diagnosis of calcaneal apophysitis. Therefore, obtaining radiographs as an initial step in their evaluation does not seem to be justified. (orig.)

  16. Long-Term Survival of the Native Hip After a Minimally Displaced, Nonoperatively Treated Acetabular Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke-Jenssen, John; Wikerøy, Annette K B; Røise, Olav; Øvre, Stein Arne; Madsen, Jan Erik

    2016-08-17

    Few studies have evaluated the long-term results for nonoperatively treated acetabular fractures. The purpose of this study was to describe the long-term survival of the native acetabulum as well as the clinical and radiographic outcome for patients with nonoperatively treated acetabular fractures. All patients with acetabular fractures are prospectively registered in our acetabular fracture database and followed up at regular intervals for up to 20 years. We identified 236 patients (237 fractures) who had been treated nonoperatively between 1994 and 2004; 51 patients with incomplete data were excluded. For the survival analysis, 186 fractures with an average follow-up of 9 years (range, 1 to 20 years) were included. For the long-term clinical outcome, 104 patients with an average follow-up of 12.1 years (range, 9 to 20 years) were included. The 10-year survival of the native hips was 94% (111 hips were at risk). Eighty-nine percent of the patients had a good or excellent Harris hip score, and 88% had a good or excellent Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score. The most important negative predictor for clinical outcome and survival of the hip was a fracture step-off of ≥2 mm measured in the obturator oblique radiograph. Nonoperative treatment of minimally displaced acetabular fractures yields good to excellent long-term results. For patients with a questionable indication for fracture surgery, oblique radiographs (Judet views) are a helpful tool in the decision-making process, as a fracture step-off of ≥2 mm is a strong predictor for a poor clinical and radiographic result at 10 years. Prognostic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2016 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

  17. Fractures in women treated with raloxifene or alendronate: a retrospective database analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Raloxifene and alendronate are anti-resorptive therapies approved for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Raloxifene is also indicated to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and in postmenopausal women at high risk of invasive breast cancer. A definitive study comparing the fracture effectiveness and rate of breast cancer for raloxifene and alendronate has not been published. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate fracture and breast cancer rates among patients treated with raloxifene or alendronate. Methods Females ≥45 years who initiated raloxifene or alendronate in 1998–2006 Truven Health Analytics MarketScan® Databases, had continuous enrollment 12 months prior to and at least 12 months after the index date, and had a treatment medication possession ratio ≥80% were included in this study. Rates of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures and breast cancer during 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, and 8 years of treatment with raloxifene or alendronate were evaluated. Fracture rates were adjusted for potential treatment bias using inverse probability of treatment weights. Multivariate hazard ratios were estimated for vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. Results Raloxifene patients had statistically significantly lower rates of vertebral fractures in 1, 3, 5, and 7 years and for nonvertebral fractures in 1 and 5 years. There were no statistically significant differences in the adjusted fracture rates between raloxifene and alendronate cohorts, except in the 3-year nonvertebral fracture rates where raloxifene was higher. Multivariate hazard ratios of raloxifene versus alendronate cohorts were not significantly different for vertebral and nonvertebral fracture in 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, and 8 years. Unweighted and weighted breast cancer rates were lower among raloxifene recipients. Conclusions Patients treated with alendronate and raloxifene had similar adjusted

  18. Functional and quality-of-life results of displaced and nondisplaced proximal humeral fractures treated conservatively.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrens, Carlos; Corrales, Monica; Vilà, Gemma; Santana, Fernando; Cáceres, Enrique

    2011-10-01

    Functional and quality-of-life outcomes of conservatively treated proximal humeral fractures. Prospective study. University orthopedic department at a hospital. Seventy consecutive patients between the ages of 60 and 85 years. Conservative treatment. Functional outcome measured according to the Constant score, quality of life assessed using EuroQol-5D, and fracture pattern analyzed with x-ray and computed tomography scan. : All fractures consolidated uneventfully with no loss of reduction in either group. Four-part fractures obtained the worst functional results (33.66) followed by three-part fractures (54.64) and finally two-part fractures (65.88 and 71). Mild pain was expected in three- and four-part fractures, whereas two-part fractures achieved near complete pain relief. Nondisplaced fractures obtained a final Constant score of 73.58 and displaced fractures a score of 59.41 with significant differences in all Constant score items with the exception of external rotation. Although patients older than 75 years scored lower (54.63) than those younger than 75 years (70.83), there was no difference in the quality-of-life perception. Conservative treatment of proximal humeral fractures in those patients older than age 75 years provides good pain relief with limited functional outcome. Despite limited functional outcome, this appears to have no effect on the quality-of-life perception in the population studied. Four-part fractures present the worst results and treatment options may need to be discussed with the patient to adjust treatment to patient expectations.

  19. Effect of amalgam cuspal coverage on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth

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    Mahshid Mohammdi Basir

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Endodontically treated teeth are prone to fracture because they loose a big amount of their structure. The treatment plan of those teeth is completed when they are rehabilitated with a strong and functional restoration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with amalgam cuspal coverage in comparison with other restorative techniques.   Materials and Methods: 40 human healthy maxillary premolars were divided into 4 groups: group1 (S: sound teeth, group 2(Co: endodontically treated teeth with MOD cavity restored with bonding and composite, group 3(Am-B: endodontically treated teeth with MOD cavity restored with bonding and amalgam and group 4 (Am-CC: endodontically treated teeth with MOD cavity restored with amalgam cuspal coverage. Then the restorations were stored in water and room temperature for 100 days at then thermocycled for 500 cycles between water baths at (5.5 ± 1 and (55 ± 1 0 C. The fracture resistance was evaluated by universal testing machine (Instron, 1195 UK with the compressive force of about 2000 N in 0.5 mm/min. The fracture modes were evaluated in four groups by a stereomicroscope. Statistical analysis (Scheffe test was done for all groups (P0.05. The lowest fracture resistance was found in group 2 (Co (384 ± 137.4 N that had no significant difference with group 3 (Am-B (P>0.05. The fracture resistance in group 4 was significantly higher than group 2 (Co and 3 (Am-B. The fracture mode in group 1 was cohesive within tooth and in group 2 (Co and 3 (Am-B was mixed cohesive and adhesive, and in group 4 was cohesive within in restorative material.   Conclusion: The highest fracture resistance was found in teeth that received amalgam cuspal coverage.

  20. Avulsion Fracture of the Calcaneus Treated With a Soft Anchor Bridge and Lag Screw Technique: A Report of Two Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Kazushige; Kasama, Kentaro; Akahane, Tsutomu

    2016-01-01

    The displaced extra-articular avulsion fracture of the calcaneus has been classified as a Böhler type 1c calcaneal fracture, and most cases will require surgical repair. In the present report, we describe 2 patients in whom we performed the soft anchor bridge technique using single loaded suture anchors with lag screws for the repair of Böhler type 1c avulsion fractures of the calcaneus. In one of these patients, clinically relevant osteoporosis complicated the injury. In both cases, bone union was achieved, and by 1.5 months after surgery satisfactory recovery was observed. To our knowledge, the soft anchor bridge technique was first used for the treatment of rotator cuff tears, and the greatest merit of this technique is the ability to generate vertical compression force to the pulled out rotator cuff through the use of knotting sutures. In recent years, the soft anchor bridge technique using 4 suture anchors has also been used for fractures of the greater tuberosity of the humerus, an injury that poses operative difficulties similar to those encountered with an avulsion fracture of the calcaneus owing to the traction force of the rotator cuff and relative weakness of adjacent bone. The outcomes of our patients suggest that the soft anchor bridge technique combined with adjunct lag screws is useful in the fixation of avulsion fractures of the calcaneus. In addition, the result in the elderly patient indicates the possibility of using this technique for patients with osteoporosis. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. [Fracture of the great trochanter treated by dynamic hip screw plate: measure of impaction according to fracture type].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oger, P; Katz, V; Lecorre, N; Beaufils, P

    1998-10-01

    The sliding plate has appeared to be a reliable answer for trochanteric fractures. However, impaction allowed by the material may, have an adverse effect (medialisation, shortening, jutting out of the lag screw). The aim of our study was to measure the sliding of the screw in order to assess the impaction in various types of fracture, according to the Ender classification. Hundred trochanteric fractures have been treated between 1991 and 1993. Eighty four have been analyzed with a follow-up of three months after surgery. The average age was 80.1 years with a 4.2 sex ratio (16 males). One hundred and thirty five degrees free sliding plates were employed for fracture fixation. Full weight bearing was allowed in 78.6 per cent of patients. According to Ender classification, 35 per cent of fractures were type 1, 4 or 5. This was the first group. The second group consisted of types 2 and 3 and the third group of types 6, 7 and 8. The results were assessed on AP and lateral X-rays. The ratio between screw thread length (constant) and screw outside the barrel length, was used to measure impaction on AP view. Osteoporosis was evaluated according to Singh. Despite two screw protrusions out of the femoral head and two failures of the plate, we have observed a healing rate of 100 per cent after three months. Sliding averaged 6.2 mm in group 1, 10.5 mm in group 2 and 16.4 mm in groupe 3. Weight bearing had a low influence on the amount of sliding. Group 1 consists of fractures (types 1, 4 and 5) which are two parts fractures considered as stable. Group 2 corresponds to types 2 and 3 considered as intermediate fractures with relative stability. In group 3 (types 6, 7 and 8) we have observed major fracture instability. Osteoporosis does not seem to be the major factor regarding screw sliding. The sliding plate is reliable. However, complex fractures healed in a wrong position which is definitely not acceptable, especially for young patients. Therefore, we advise to avoid the use

  2. Protocols for treating the postoperative pain of fractures in Dutch hospitals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossendorp, R.; Forouzanfar, T.; Ashton-James, C.E.; Bloemers, F.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Every year, over 260,000 patients in the Netherlands are diagnosed with a traumatic fracture. Many patients are treated surgically and need postoperative treatment of pain. Research suggests postoperative pain is often under-treated, leaving a significant proportion of patients in

  3. Fracture analysis of cement treated demolition waste using a lattice model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xuan, D.; Schlangen, H.E.J.G.; Molenaar, A.A.A.; Houben, L.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Fracture properties of cement treated demolition waste were investigated using a lattice model. In practice the investigated material is applied as a cement treated road base/subbase course. The granular aggregates used in this material were crushed recycled concrete and masonry. This results in six

  4. Sacral Fracture Nonunion Treated by Bone Grafting through a Posterior Approach

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    Sang Yang Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nonunion of a sacral fracture is a rare but serious clinical condition which can cause severe chronic pain, discomfort while sitting, and significant restriction of the level of activities. Fracture nonunions reportedly occur most often after nonoperative initial treatment or inappropriate operative treatment. We report a case of fracture nonunion of the sacrum and pubic rami that resulted from non-operative initial treatment, which was treated successfully using bone grafting through a posterior approach and CT-guided percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation combined with anterior external fixation. Although autologous bone grafting has been the gold standard for the treatment of pelvic fracture nonunions, little has been written describing the approach. We utilized a posterior approach for bone grafting, which could allow direct visualization of the nonunion site and preclude nerve root injury. By this procedure, we were able to obtain the healing of fracture nonunion, leading to pain relief and functional recovery.

  5. Progression of a fracture site impaction as a prognostic indicator of impacted femoral neck fracture treated with multiple pinning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Pil Whan; Shin, Young Ho; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Yoon, Kang Sup; Kim, Hee Joong

    2012-03-01

    We evaluated the clinical and radiologic results of impacted femoral neck fractures treated with multiple pinning and determined the influence of the progression of impaction at the fracture site on clinical outcome. There were 34 patients with a mean age of 65.5 years. The mean follow-up period was 3.4 years. Progression of fracture site impaction was measured using an articulo-trochanteric distance index and the percentage decrease in the articulo-trochanteric distance index between follow-up intervals. The failure of treatment was clarified as non-union and avascular necrosis. Other characteristics of the patients, including mean waiting time for surgery, preoperative Singh index score, and body mass index, were also measured to evaluate the influence on the clinical outcome of surgery. There were 6 fractures which were not treated successfully (3 non-union, 8.8% and 3 avascular necrosis, 8.8%). The mean percentage decrease of the articulo-trochanteric distance index within the first 6 weeks after surgery was 4.5% in the successful group and 25.1% in the failure group (p articulo-trochanteric distance index between 6 weeks and 3 months (p articulo-trochanteric distance index between the successful group and the failure group, we could not verify it as a risk factor for failure of treatment because the odds ratio was not statistically significant.

  6. Closed fractures of the proximal tibia treated with a functional brace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Alberto; Sarmiento, Augusto; Latta, Loren L

    2003-12-01

    It generally is agreed that fractures of the proximal tibia, when treated with intramedullary nails, are more likely to present technical difficulties and to be associated with an increased rate of complications. This study reports on 108 closed fractures located in the proximal third of the tibia that were treated with functional braces. Nonunion occurred in 2.7% of the patients; the final displacement and shortening averaged 20% and 3.5 mm, respectively. Eighty-eight percent of the fractures healed with less than 6 degrees of angular deformity. It seems that functional braces for closed fractures of the tibia, located in its proximal third, are a viable therapeutic approach that offers satisfactory clinical and radiographic results in a high percentage of instances.

  7. Functional Outcome Of Proximal Humeral Fractures Treated With Philos Plate In Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliuddin, Akram Muhammad; Idrees, Zaki; Rahim Najjad, Muhammad Kazim; Ali Shah, Syed Amir

    2016-01-01

    Proximal humeral fractures account for 4-5% of all fractures. Most fractures are minimally displaced and can be managed non-operatively in adults. Displaced and unstable fractures are difficult to manage and should be treated to achieve painless shoulder and full function. Our aim was to evaluate the functional outcome of proximal humerus fractures (Neers classification 2 part, 3 part and 4 part) treated with PHILOS (Proximal humeral internal locking system). We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients who had proximal humerus fractures treated with PHILOS plate from Jan 2012 to June 2013 conducted at Orthopaedic Department Liaquat National Hospital. Clinical outcome was measured using DASH (disability of arm, shoulder and hand) Score System. Radiological union was assessed by serial X rays. Two patients were lost to follow up. Mean age was 40 years (20-70). Mean follow up was 6 months. 4 patients had two-part fracture, 10 patients had three-part and 6 patients had four-part fracture. Radiological union was achieved in average 8.31 weeks (±1.37SD). Average DASH score in young patients was 15.14 (±1.91SD) and in elderly was 31.66 (±4.08SD). One case of implant failure was noted. Better results in younger patients were achieved as compared to elderly proved by DASH score. Increase in number of fracture parts and delay in treatment did not affect the outcome. Our study concluded that this implant provides stable fixation in younger patients with good quality bone sufficient to allow mobilization.

  8. Interobserver evaluation of TLICS system to treat thoracolumbar fractures

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    Bernardo José Moreira Chaves

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interobserver agreement regarding the TLICS Classification (Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score. Furthermore, evaluate the reliability, analyzing the correlation between the treatment indicated by TLICS system (surgical or conservative and the treatment indicated by each evaluator surgeon.METHODS: Imaging tests and clinical data of 22 patients with thoracolumbar fractures were analyzed by eight spine surgeons, and two main analyzes were performed: the first compared the interobserver agreement related to TLICS and the second compared the agreement between the treatment indicated by TLICS classification (surgical or conservative and treatment indicated by each surgeon - based on his personal experience and the preferred classification.RESULTS: Using the parameters of Landis and Koch for interpretation of Kappa value, the interobserver agreement of TLICS classification was considered moderate in our study (K=0.6. The agreement between the indications of treatment (surgical or conservative dictated by the classification and the indication of each surgeon was considered excellent, with kappa value of 0.89.CONCLUSION: We believe that the classification is a good tool for the evaluation and the treatment indication in thoracolumbar fractures.

  9. An Atraumatic Femoral Fracture in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis Treated with Denosumab

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    J. Villiers

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Osteoporosis is responsible for a significant burden both individually and socially, but is readily treated with antiresorptive agents and mineral supplementation. However, long-term usage of these agents, notably bisphosphonates, is rarely associated with atypical fractures. Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody that reduces osteoclast activity and thus increases bone mineral density. In this case report, we present a 78-year-old woman with a background of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis who presented with an atypical diaphyseal femoral fracture.

  10. Protocols for treating the postoperative pain of fractures in Dutch hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ossendorp, Rikkert; Forouzanfar, Tymour; Ashton-James, Claire E; Bloemers, Frank

    2013-01-01

    Every year, over 260,000 patients in the Netherlands are diagnosed with a traumatic fracture. Many patients are treated surgically and need postoperative treatment of pain. Research suggests postoperative pain is often under-treated, leaving a significant proportion of patients in moderate to severe postoperative pain. Specialized, evidence-based pain-management protocols offer patients the best possible pain management, and significantly reduce the risk of pain-related health complications. Our objective was to review the range of postoperative pain protocols that are currently being used to treat postoperative fracture pain within the Netherlands, and investigate whether a specialized, evidence-based protocol for treating postoperative fracture pain exists within this sample. A written request for the protocol currently being used for the treatment of postoperative pain following the surgical treatment of a fracture was sent to 101 Dutch hospital departments. The administration and dosage of pain medications used during postoperative pain management were then identified and summarized. Of the contacted hospitals, 57% sent in protocols; 45% of these were eligible for analysis. All of the departments sent a general or acute pain protocol rather than a specialized protocol for the treatment of postoperative pain associated with the surgical treatment of fractures. A total of 22 different analgesics were used for pain management in 135 different administration schemes. Paracetamol, diclofenac, and morphine were used in the majority of protocols. Medication was given via oral, rectal, intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, and epidural routes, amongst others. No specialized, evidence-based protocols for the treatment of postoperative fracture pain were found in this Dutch sample. A wide variety of medications, dosages, and administration schemes were used to manage postoperative pain following the surgical treatment of a fracture. The importance of developing a

  11. Classification of Calcaneal Spurs and Their Relationship With Plantar Fasciitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Binghua; Zhou, You; Tao, Xu; Yuan, Chengsong; Tang, Kanglai

    2015-01-01

    Calcaneal spurs, as a cause of plantar fasciitis, are currently debatable. A prospective study was performed to classify calcaneal spurs according to the findings from an investigation of the relationship between calcaneal spurs and plantar fasciitis. Thirty patients with calcaneal spurs and plantar heel pain underwent calcaneal spur removal and endoscopic plantar fasciotomy. The relationship between the classification of calcaneal spurs and plantar fasciitis was evaluated by endoscopic findings, clinical symptoms, radiographic images, and biopsy findings. The visual analog scale for pain and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scores for functional evaluation were used preoperatively and postoperatively, respectively. The mean follow-up period was 24 months. Two separate types of calcaneal spurs were recognized. Type A calcaneal spurs were located superior to the plantar fascia insertion, and type B calcaneal spurs were located within the plantar fascia. Magnetic resonance imaging results showed a more severe plantar fasciitis grade in type B calcaneal spurs preoperatively. Histologic examination showed that the numbers of granulocytes per image in type B spurs were significantly increased compared with those in type A spurs. Statistically significant improvements were found in the mean visual analog scale and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scores and magnetic resonance imaging results in both groups. The amount of change in the visual analog scale score and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score, the number of granulocytes per image, and calcaneal spur length showed a high association with the classification of the calcaneal spurs. Calcaneal spurs were completely removed and did not recur in any of the patients on radiographic assessment during the follow-up period. Calcaneal spurs can be classified into 2 distinct types that are indicative of the severity of plantar fasciitis. Copyright © 2015 American College of

  12. Comparison of Fracture Strength of Endodontically Treated Teeth Restored with Two Different Cast Metallic Post Systems

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    Borhan Haghighi Z

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: Endodontically treated teeth are more prone to fracture. The post and core are often used to provide the necessary retention for prosthetic rehabilitation. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to: 1 compare the fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth restored either with Nickel-Chromium (Ni- Cr post or Non- Precious Gold-color alloy (NPG post compared to the control group and 2 evaluate the fracture site in each group. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, endodontic treatment was carried out for 45 extracted maxillary premolars. The specimens were divided into 3 groups (n=15. Group1: restored with NPG post and core, group2: restored with Ni-Cr post and core, and group 3, no post and core were used after endodontic treatment and the access cavity was filled with amalgam. Failure force was recorded in Newton when root or remaining coronal structure fracture was occurred. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA, Student t-test and Tukey HSD test to compare the three groups. Results: There was a statistically significant difference among all groups (P<0.05. Fracture resistance of the teeth restored by NPG posts was significantly higher than those restored by Ni- Cr (P<0.001. Results showed that the fracture mainly occurred in the root of the teeth restored with Ni- Cr and NPG post while fractures occurred in the core portion of the teeth restored with amalgam. Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicated that the fracture strength of the teeth without using cast post and core was significantly lower than the teeth restored with cast post and core. Also the teeth restored by NPG post had a significantly higher fracture resistance than Ni-Cr posts.

  13. Comparative study of comminuted posterior acetabular wall fracture treated with the Acetabular Tridimensional Memory Fixation System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuntong; Zhao, Xue; Tang, Yang; Zhang, Chuncai; Xu, Shuogui; Xie, Yang

    2014-04-01

    Posterior wall fractures are one of the most common acetabular fractures. However, only 30% of these fractures involve a single large fragment, and comminuted acetabular posterior wall fractures pose a particular surgical challenge. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between patients who received fixation for comminuted posterior wall fracture using the Acetabular Tridimensional Memory Fixation System (ATMFS) and patients who underwent fixation with conventional screws and buttress plates (Plates group). Between April 2003 and May 2007, 196 consecutive patients who sustained a comminuted posterior wall fracture of acetabulum were treated with ATMFS or conventional screws and buttress plates. Operative time, fluoroscopy time, blood loss, and any intra-operative complications were recorded. Plain AP and lateral radiographs were obtained at all visits (Matta's criteria). Modified Merle d' Aubigne-Postel score, and Mos SF-36 score were compared between groups. Fifty patients were included in the analysis with 26 in the ATMFS group and 24 in the Plates group. The mean follow-up time was 57.5 months, ranging from 31 to 69 months. All patients had fully healed fractures at the final follow-up. There was no difference in clinical outcomes or radiological evaluations between groups. Patients with comminuted posterior wall fractures of the acetabulum treated with the ATMFS or conventional screws and buttress plate techniques achieve a good surgical result. Both techniques are safe, reliable, and practical. Use of the ATMFS technique may reduce blood loss and improve rigid support to marginal bone impaction. The use ATMFS may need additional support when fractures involve the superior roof. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SUPRACONDYLAR FRACTURES OF THE HUMERUS IN CHILDREN TREATED BY CLOSED REDUCTION

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    Ch. Imobi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available There is no universal agreement regarding the management of displaced supracondylar fracture of the humerous in children. According to some orthopaedic surgeon almost all supracondylar humeral fractures should be treated operatively by reduction and pinning. While according to others closed reduction and pinning should be used for Gartland type II and some type III fractures. We present 50 cases of displaced supracondylar fracture treated by closed manipulative reduction under G.A. and immobilization with a posterior plaster of paris slab and collar and cuff. OBJECTIVE : T o assess the functional results of the injured elbow and to study the incidence of change in the carrying angle of the elbow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 50 patients with extension type of displaced supracondylar fractures of humerus in children (Gartland type II and type III treated by closed manipulative reduction and immobilization in flexion of the elbow with a posterior plaster of paris slab and collar and cuff. Patients were followed up for 6 months. Flexion type of supracondylar fracture and those fractures which are absolutely indicated for operative intervention, Viz an open fracture and severe vascular compromise were excluded from the study. The range of movement and carrying angle was measured with the help of a Goniometer and Flynn criteria were used for functional assessment. RESULTS: At the end of follow up period, the end results were graded as excellent in 40%, good in 42%, fair in 12% and poor in 6%. A satisfactory result was therefore obtained in 94% and unsatisfactory result in 6% of the 50 patients who were followed and evaluated. CONCLUSION: This closed method of treatment for all practical proposes produces least complications, shorter hospital stay, can be expected to yield reproducible consistent satisfactory results not surpassed by any other method of treatment.

  15. Monteggia fracture dislocation equivalents - analysis of eighteen cases treated by open reduction and internal fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Ajay Pal

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】 Objective: Monteggia fracture dislocation equivalent, though already described by Bado, is still an unclassified entity. We aimed to retrospectively analyze 18 cases of Monteggia variants and discuss the injury mechanisms, management, and outcome along with a review of the literature. Methods: A retrospective record of Monteggia fracture dislocation (2003-2008 was reviewed from medical record department of our institute. Classic Monteggia fracture dislocation, children below 12 years or adults over 50 years, as well as open grade II & III cases were excluded from this study. Monteggia variant inclusion criteria included fracture of the proximal ulna together with a fracture of the radial head or neck and skeletal maturity. Totally 26 patients were identified with Monteggia variants and 18 were available for follow-up, including 11 males and 7 females with the mean age of 35 years. The ulna fracture was treated by compression plating along with tension band wiring. Radial head/neck was reconstructed in 12 patients while excised in 6 patients. Results: Follow-up ranged from 1-4 years, mean 2.6 years. Patients were assessed clinicoradiologically. Mayo Elbow Performance Score was employed to assess the outcomes. At final follow-up, the results were excellent in 10 patients, good in 4, fair in 2 and poor in 2. Mean range of motion of the elbow was 20°, 116°, 50° and 55° for extension, flexion, pronation and supination, respectively. Two patients had complications in the form of heterotopic ossification and stiffness of the elbow. One nonunion ulna, primarily treated by tension band wiring, was managed by refixation with locking reconstruction plate and bone grafting. Bone grafting was only required in this patient for nonunion. Another patient had implants removed on his request. The results in our series closely correlated with extent of intraarticular damage, coronoid fracture and comminuted fractures. Conclusions: Monteggia

  16. Surgical interventions for treating fractures of the olecranon in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matar, Hosam E; Ali, Amjid A; Buckley, Simon; Garlick, Nicholas I; Atkinson, Henry D

    2014-11-26

    Fractures of the olecranon (the bony tip of the elbow) account for approximately 1% of all upper extremity fractures. Surgical intervention is often required to restore elbow function. Two key methods of surgery are tension band wire fixation and plate fixation. To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of different surgical interventions in the treatment of olecranon fractures in adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (22 September 2014), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2014, Issue 8), MEDLINE (1946 to September week 2 2014), EMBASE (1980 to 19 September 2014), trial registers, conference proceedings and reference lists of articles. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-RCTs that compared different surgical interventions for the treatment of olecranon fractures in adults. Two review authors independently performed study selection, risk of bias assessment and data extraction. The primary outcomes of this review were function, pain and adverse events. We included six small trials involving 244 adults with olecranon fractures. Of these, four were RCTs and two were quasi-RCTs; both of were at high risk of selection bias. All six trials were at high risk of performance bias, reflecting lack of blinding, and four trials were at high risk of detection bias. The quality of the evidence for most outcomes was generally very low because of limitations in study design and implementation, and either imprecision of the results or inadequate outcome measures. Thus, we are very uncertain about the estimates of effect.One trial (41 participants) comparing plate fixation with standard tension band wiring provided very low quality evidence at 16 to 86 weeks' follow-up of a better clinical outcome after plate fixation (good outcome (little pain or loss of elbow motion): 19/22 versus 9/19, risk ratio (RR) 1.82 favouring plate fixation, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.10 to 3.01). There was very low

  17. Scaphoid Fractures treated with a volar percutaneous approach. Analysis and results in 92 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luengo Alonso, G; Jiménez Díaz, V; Garcia Lamas, L; Porras Moreno, M A; Cecilia López, D

    2017-11-28

    Herbert type B1 and B2 scaphoid fractures can be treated by orthopaedic treatment or surgery. The aim of this study is to analyse results and complications of scaphoid waist fractures treated using the percutaneous volar approach. We present a retrospective study of 92 patients, treated in our institution from 2006 to 2016 using a volar percutaneous fixation. Mean Follow-up was 16 months (range 12-48). Injuries were classified using Hebert's classification, including B1 and B2 fracture types; the other fracture types following this classification system were excluded. Politrauma patients, dorsal approach, fractures associated with distal radius injuries, patients treated using another surgical technique and patients with non follow-up were also excluded. Functional results were evaluated using the DASH questionnaire. Consolidation was established as the presence of bony bridges crossing the fracture site on x-rays, associated with absence of pain. The average time to fracture healing was 6.6 weeks (range 5-11). After 12 months of follow-up, the average wrist range of motion was 70° of extension (range 58-75) and 70° of flexion (range 62-80). Regarding functional evaluation, the average DASH questionnaire score was 42. The most frequent complication was non-union in 4 cases (4.44%). Average surgical time was 25min. Volar percutaneous fixation is a simple and quick technique for a specialist surgeon, characterised by low morbidity and complication rates compared to ORIF and orthopaedic treatment, which accelerates the patient's functional recovery. Copyright © 2017 SECOT. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Atrial fibrillation in fracture patients treated with oral bisphosphonates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamsen, B; Eiken, P; Brixen, K

    2009-01-01

    increased even in patients who stopped therapy after the first packet and (ii) risks were not increased by high adherence. Bisphosphonate-exposed patients were at increased risk of hospital-treated AF [adjusted HR: 1.13 (1.01-1.26)], but the risk amongst bisphosphonate users was inversely proportional...

  19. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored by different FRC posts: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torabi, Kianoosh; Fattahi, Farnaz

    2009-01-01

    Posts and cores are often required for restoration of pulpless teeth and to provide retention and resistance for a complete crown, but conventional posts may increase the root fracture. This study was performed to compare the root fracture resistance of extracted teeth treated with different fibers reinforced with composite posts and treated teeth with conventional post and core systems. Root canal therapy was performed for 50 mandibular first premolars. The coronal portion of each tooth was amputated, and five post and core systems (cast, polyethylene woven, glass, carbon, and quartz fiber posts) were compared. Acrylic resin blocks were used for mounting, using a layer of elastomeric impression material covering the roots. The load was applied axially and measured with a universal testing machine. Significantly, cast posts and cores had a higher failure threshold including teeth fracture; whereas, fiber posts failure was due to core fracture, with or without fractures in coronal portion of posts. Difference in FRC posts did not provide any significant difference in the load failure and the mode of fracture.

  20. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored by different FRC posts: An in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torabi Kianoosh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Posts and cores are often required for restoration of pulpless teeth and to provide retention and resistance for a complete crown, but conventional posts may increase the root fracture. Objective: This study was performed to compare the root fracture resistance of extracted teeth treated with different fibers reinforced with composite posts and treated teeth with conventional post and core systems. Materials and Methods: Root canal therapy was performed for 50 mandibular first premolars. The coronal portion of each tooth was amputated, and five post and core systems (cast, polyethylene woven, glass, carbon, and quartz fiber posts were compared. Acrylic resin blocks were used for mounting, using a layer of elastomeric impression material covering the roots. The load was applied axially and measured with a universal testing machine. Results and Conclusion: Significantly, cast posts and cores had a higher failure threshold including teeth fracture; whereas, fiber posts failure was due to core fracture, with or without fractures in coronal portion of posts. Difference in FRC posts did not provide any significant difference in the load failure and the mode of fracture.

  1. In vivo fractures of endodontically treated posterior teeth restored with amalgam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, E K; Asmussen, E; Christiansen, N C

    1990-04-01

    The cumulative survival rate (retention of both cusps) and the fracture pattern of 1639 endodontically treated posterior teeth were assessed in a retrospective study. All teeth had an MO/DO or an MOD cavity restored with amalgam without cuspal overlays. The 20-year survival rate of teeth with an MO/DO cavity was markedly higher than that of teeth with an MOD cavity. The lowest survival rate was found for the upper premolars with an MOD cavity: 28% of these teeth fractured within 3 years after endodontic therapy, 57% were lost after 10 years, and 73% after 20 years. Generally, the cusp most prone to fracture was the lingual one, and lingual fractures caused significantly more damage to the periodontal tissues than did facial or total crown fractures. The severity of periodontal damage increased with posterior location of the tooth. By far the most serious failures, irrespective of the cavity type, were found for the upper second molar, as 10 of 29 fractures led to extraction. It is concluded that amalgam, especially in MOD cavities, is an unacceptable material for restoration of endodontically treated posterior teeth if used without cuspal overlays.

  2. Functional Outcome of Conservatively Treated Bilateral Neck of Femur Fracture in an Elderly: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Bilateral Neck of Femur (NOF) fractures is relatively rare. Surgery, either osteosynthesis or hemireplacement arthroplasty, is the mainstay of treatment. Significant complications are known to occur in such cases. In this case report, we present the functional outcome of a conservatively treated bilateral NOF fracture at one year, in a 93-year-old man. Our patient, a 93-year-old gentleman, sustained right side NOF fracture in May 2014 and left side NOF fracture in May 2015, both after trivial fall. He did not give consent for surgery considering high operative risk. Now, at one year follow-up he has no true or apparent limb length discrepancy. He is ambulant with walker, self reliant for toilet care and other personal needs. Harris hip score is 75.80 and 69.65 after 1 year from right and left NOF fracture respectively. In view of high mortality after surgery for NOF fracture in high risk patients or unavailability of resources, conservative treatment for bilateral NOF fracture can achieve satisfactory functional outcome in selected patients. PMID:28208960

  3. [Comparison of Short-Therm Results of Conservative versus Operative Treatment of Distal Ulna Fractures Associated with Distal Radius Fracture Treated by Plate Osteosynthesis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meluzinová, P; Kopp, L; Dráč, P; Edelmann, K; Obruba, P

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aims to evaluate and compare the results of conservative and operative treatment of individual types of distal ulna fractures associated with distal radius fracture treated by plate osteosynthesis and to verify the conclusions of the other authors regarding the recommended therapeutic procedures in these fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 08/2013 to 09/2015, a total of 81 patients participated in the prospective randomised study, with the mean follow-up period of 24 months (6-36). All the fractures of distal two thirds of ulnar styloid process were treated conservatively. The patients with the other types of ulnar fractures (fractures of the proximal third of ulnar styloid process, ulnar head fractures, subcapital fractures) were systematically divided into two cohorts, based on which the subsequent (conservative vs. operative) treatment of distal ulna fractures was indicated. The operative treatment of all the types of distal ulna fractures was performed by plate osteosynthesis using LCP Distal Ulna Plate implant so that a uniform method is applied. RESULTS In the post-operative follow-up not a single patient with tip fracture of ulnar styloid process in the cohort showed a posttraumatic instability or disorder of distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) biomechanics (ROM 96.6% (91-100), MWS 61.3 points (75-100), QDASH 2.9 points (0-6.8)). The patients with a fracture of the proximal third of ulnar styloid process, a fracture of ulnar head and a subcapital fracture, treated operatively, achieved better early radiographic and functional outcome (ROM 95.7% (60-100), MWS 91.2 points (75-100), QDASH 3.5 points (0-11.4)) than patients treated conservatively (ROM 89.6% (64-100), MWS 70.4 points (35-85), QDASH 18.4 points (0-52.3)). DISCUSSION The study confirms the conclusions drawn by the other authors that tip fractures of ulna do not cause posttraumatic DRUJ instability and do not require operative treatment. Conservative

  4. Complications of Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing for treating paediatric long bone fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisar, Aamer; Bhosale, Abhijit; Madan, Sanjeev S.; Flowers, Mark J.; Fernandes, James A.; Jones, Stanley

    2013-01-01

    This study reports the complications observed in children with long bone fractures treated using Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing (ESIN). One hundred and sixty-four (n = 164) fractures in 160 patients under the age of 16 years formed the basis of our review. This included 108 boys and 52 girls with the median age of 11 years and median follow up of 7.5 months. The analysis included fractures of the radius/ulna, humerus, femur and tibia. All pathological fractures were excluded. In this series 54 patients (34%) had complications however majority of these were minor complications with irritation due to prominent nail ends being the commonest complication. No long-term sequelae were encountered in our patients. PMID:24403743

  5. An in vitro comparative evaluation of fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth obturated with different materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadha, Rupali; Taneja, Sonali; Kumar, Mohit; Sharma, Mohit

    2010-04-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of various obturating materials on fracture resistance of root canal treated teeth. Sixty freshly extracted human mandibular premolars were used. After standardizing the length to 13 mm, the teeth were biomechanically prepared and divided into four groups based on type of obturating materials used. Teeth were embedded in acrylic resin and fracture strength was measured using a universal testing machine. Data obtained was evaluated statistically using one-way ANOVA and the unpaired t-test. Teeth obturated with AH Plus and gutta percha showed higher fracture resistance than those obturated with Resilon-Epiphany. The results suggested that the group obturated with gutta percha and zinc oxide-eugenol sealer had the lowest fracture resistance. No statistically significant difference was found between the unobturated (control) group and the zinc oxide-eugenol group.

  6. Proximal Femoral Fracture in Hip Arthrodesis Treated with Double Reconstruction Plates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shunsuke Asakawa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a rare clinical case of a 90-year-old female who sustained a proximal femoral neck fracture following long-standing hip arthrodesis. Since the fracture occurred relatively proximally and involved the pelvis, double-plate fixation was chosen to achieve rigid fixation. The reconstruction plate was placed at the posterior and anterior columns individually through single vertical incision. She was treated successfully, and she attained preinjury activity level. Proximal femoral fractures in arthrodesed hips need to be recognized as a fracture between the pelvis and femur. Rotational stress from the trunk and lower extremity requires rigid fixation to minimize the increase of displacement and the risk for nonunion.

  7. A Comparison of the Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Teeth using Three Different Post Systems

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    M. Sadeghi

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Statement of problem: It is yet unclear whether fiber-reinforced composite posts can enhance the mechanical properties and prevent vertical fractures of teeth under chewing loads.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post systems.Materials and Methods: Thirty-six maxillary canines were randomly divided into three groups (n=12. All teeth received endodontic therapy and one of three post systems of cast post-and-core, zirconia fiber post, and quartz fiber post. Cast posts-andcoreswere cemented using zinc phosphate cement, fiber posts were luted with dualcured resin cement, and composite cores were prepared. Compressive load was applied at a 135° angle to the long axis of the tooth at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min until fracture occurred. One-way ANOVA and Tukey-Karmer test were used to determine the difference of the failure loads between the groups (α=0.05.Results: The mean values (SD for fracture resistance were 1631(803, 513(348 and 789(390 N in the cast post-and-core, zirconia fiber post and quartz fiber post groups,respectively. Teeth restored with cast posts-and-cores exhibited significantly higher resistance to fracture (P<0.01; however, 92% of the fractures occurred in the tooth structure. There was no statistically significant difference in fracture resistance between the zirconia fiber and quartz fiber post groups. Fracture mainly occurred in the composite cores of these groups.Conclusion: This study showed that the fracture resistance of cast post-and-core was significantly higher than zirconia and quartz fiber posts; however, the failure mode was more favorable in teeth restored with fiber posts.

  8. Outcome of unstable fractures of metacarpal and phalangeal bones treated by bone tie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamath, Jagannath B; Jayasheelan, Nikil; Savur, Amaranth; Mathews, Rejith

    2016-01-01

    Unstable fractures of the metacarpal and phalangeal bones of the hand need surgical stabilization which should be rigid enough for early active mobilization. Conventional methods of open reduction and stabilization in the form of composite fixation or screws with or without plates have served the purpose but can be definitely improvised addressing both biological and mechanical principles of fixation. 34 patients (29 males and 5 females) with an average age of 32 years (range 10-64 years) with unstable fractures of the metacarpal and phalangeal bones of hand who were treated with the modified bone tie between June 2009 and June 2013 were included in this study. 42 fractures, involving the 31 metacarpals and 11 phalanges were included. We have not used this technique in fractures involving the terminal phalanges. Thirty nine of the fractures were treated with K-wires along with the modified bone tie, whereas the other two cases were treated with modified bone tie alone and in one case the bone tie has been used along with the external fixator. The nature of injuries were Road Traffic Accident (n = 24), domestic/industrial injuries (n = 8) and blast (n = 2) injuries. Etiology was crush (n = 24), blunt (n = 7) and incised (n = 3) injuries, respectively. Twenty seven patients were involved with single fractures (either metacarpal or the phalanges), 6 patients had two fractures (both metacarpals or phalanges or one each of metacarpal and phalanx), and 1 patient had three fractures in this study. Dominant hand was involved in 14 patients (40%). We achieved excellent to good results in 83% of 42 fractures within an average period of 10 weeks. Postoperative grip strength of 85% was achieved with in an average period of 12 weeks. Twenty six (20 metacarpals and 6 phalanges) of the 42 fractures regained >85% of the total active movements (TAMs) compared to the contralateral side were considered excellent results. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 1 year. This

  9. Combined three-part humeral anterior fracture-dislocation and humeral shaft fracture treated with one-stage long stem shoulder hemiarthroplasty in an active elderly patient

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    Herzberg Guillaume

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Injuries combining a humeral head fracture-dislocation and a shaft fracture of the ipsilateral humerus are very rare. They should be separated from extended fractures of the humeral head to the shaft [1]. Case report: We present the case of an active 84-year-old man who sustained a three-part fracture-dislocation of the proximal humerus combined with a long spiral humeral middle third diaphyseal fracture, after a ski fall. We were unable to find a similar case in the literature. He was treated with a long stem hemiarthroplasty, associated with screw osteosynthesis of the long spiral shaft fracture. The result after 30 months of follow-up was excellent, with good shoulder range of motion, good bone integration of the prosthesis and uneventful healing of the fracture. Conclusion: This treatment allowed this intrepid elderly patient to recover a normal quality of life, including driving his car and to return to skiing.

  10. Outcome after open reduction and internal fixation of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneum without the use of bone grafts

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    Pendse Aniruddha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Intraarticular fractures of calcaneum are commenest type of calcaneal fractures. Lots of controversies exist about the ideal management for them. The focus is now shifting on operative management by open reduction and internal fixation for these fractures with or without the use of bone grafts. Method: Thirty intraarticular fractures classified by Essex Lopresti radiological classification, were treated by open reduction and fixation. The patients were followed over a mean period of 30 months (25-40 months. Results: All the fractures united at a mean duration of 14 weeks. 86% patients had excellent functional outcome with one patient having fair and one having poor functional outcome. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation with plate is a good method for treatment of intraarticular fractures of calcaneum to achieve anatomical restoration of articular surface under vision, stable fixation, early mobilization and an option for primary subtalar arthrodesis if deemed necessary.

  11. Protocols for treating the postoperative pain of fractures in Dutch hospitals

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    Ossendorp R

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Rikkert Ossendorp,1 Tymour Forouzanfar,2 Claire E Ashton-James,2,3 Frank Bloemers11Department of Surgery, VU University Medical Center, 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, VU University Medical Center, 3Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, VU University, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsIntroduction: Every year, over 260,000 patients in the Netherlands are diagnosed with a traumatic fracture. Many patients are treated surgically and need postoperative treatment of pain. Research suggests postoperative pain is often under-treated, leaving a significant proportion of patients in moderate to severe postoperative pain. Specialized, evidence-based pain-management protocols offer patients the best possible pain management, and significantly reduce the risk of pain-related health complications.Objective: Our objective was to review the range of postoperative pain protocols that are currently being used to treat postoperative fracture pain within the Netherlands, and investigate whether a specialized, evidence-based protocol for treating postoperative fracture pain exists within this sample.Methods: A written request for the protocol currently being used for the treatment of postoperative pain following the surgical treatment of a fracture was sent to 101 Dutch hospital departments. The administration and dosage of pain medications used during postoperative pain management were then identified and summarized.Results: Of the contacted hospitals, 57% sent in protocols; 45% of these were eligible for analysis. All of the departments sent a general or acute pain protocol rather than a specialized protocol for the treatment of postoperative pain associated with the surgical treatment of fractures. A total of 22 different analgesics were used for pain management in 135 different administration schemes. Paracetamol, diclofenac, and morphine were used in the majority of protocols. Medication was given via oral, rectal, intravenous

  12. Avaliação biomecânica das fraturas intra-articulares do calcâneo e sua correlação clínica radiográfica Biomechanical evaluation of intra articular calcaneal fracture and clinical radiographic correlation

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    Marcos Emilio Kuschnaroff Contreras

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve o objetivo de oferecer uma avaliação clínica, radiográfica e biomecânica de pacientes com fratura intraarticular de calcâneo, submetidos à redução aberta e fixação interna. A amostra consistiu em 22 pacientes, 20 do sexo masculino e dois do sexo feminino, com idade média de 40,95 (± 11,63 anos. Os autores realizaram avaliações radiográficas do ângulo de Böhler e Gissane, no pré e no pós-operatório, além de utilizarem a tomografia computadorizada para avaliação da classificação de Sanders. A avaliação da Distribuição da Pressão Plantar foi realizada pelo sistema F-scan. Os resultados clínicos encontrados foram satisfatórios apresentando, pontuação média de 75,5 no critério da AOFAS.. A redução cirúrgica resultou em uma melhora dos ângulos de Böhler e Gissane. O estudo mostrou diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre o antepé o retropé fraturados no que tange sobre a área de contato, pressão e força de reação do solo. Os valores encontrados para estes parâmetros foram maiores no retropé que no antepé fraturados. A trajetória de Pressão (COP foi menor no pé fraturado que no pé normal. Encontrou-se correlação entre o Ângulo de Gissane após a redução e o Segundo Pico de Força, indicando que quanto melhor a redução deste ângulo , melhor a impulsão. Também encontrou-se a correlação entre a pontuação AOFAS e o Primeiro Pico de Força, mostrando que quanto melhor o resultado clínico melhor o apoio do retropé.The present study had an objective to perfom a clinical, radiographic and biomechanical evaluation in patients with calcaneal fractures submitted to open reduction with internal fixation. The sample consisted of 22 patients - 20 male and 2 female with an average age of 40,95 (±11,63 years old. The authors have done radiographic evaluation of the pre and post operatory of Böchler and Gissane angles; furthermore, they used a CT scanning for Sander

  13. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth: effect of tooth coloured post material and surface conditioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toman, Muhittin; Toksavul, Suna; Sarikanat, Mehmet; Nergiz, Ibrahim; Schmage, Petra

    2010-03-01

    This in vitro study evaluated the effects of the different endodontic posts and surface conditioning on the fracture resistance and fracture modes of endodontically treated teeth. The experimental groups consisted of zirconia ceramic post with a glasss-ceramic core [A], zirconia ceramic post with a composite core [B], glass fiber composite post (FRC) with a composite core [C], and titanium post with a composite core [D]. All posts in these groups were cemented with self-adhesive resin cement (Rely X Unicem Aplicap) combination with tribochemical silica coating (TSC). Groups E, F, G and H comprised the same post-and-core materials as the first 4 groups but cemented with the same resin cement without TSC. Specimens were subjected to thermal cycling between 5 degrees C and 55 degrees C for a total of 5000 cycles with 30s per cycle. Static load was applied to the palatal surface of each specimen until they were fractured. Statistical analysis was conducted using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post-hoc comparisons (Tukey). The fracture resistance was significantly affected by the post material (P surface conditioning (P post surface decreased the fracture resistance of zirconia ceramic post with composite core (p=0.002; Tukey) and glass FRC post with composite core (p=0.029; Tukey). No catastrophic failure was observed for groups B, C, D, E, F and G. Under the testing conditions used, the titanium post/composite core that had been silicoated exhibited the highest fracture resistance.

  14. Complications of Distal Radius Fractures Treated by Volar Locking Plate Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satake, Hiroshi; Hanaka, Naomi; Honma, Ryusuke; Watanabe, Tadayoshi; Inoue, Shigeru; Kanauchi, Yumiko; Kato, Yoshihiro; Nakajima, Taku; Sato, Daisuke; Eto, Jun; Maruyama, Masahiro; Naganuma, Yasushi; Sasaki, Junya; Toyono, Shuji; Harada, Mikio; Ishigaki, Daisuke; Takahara, Masatoshi; Takagi, Michiaki

    2016-09-01

    The current study investigated the incidence of complications after surgery for distal radial fractures. This multicenter retrospective study was conducted at 11 institutions. A total of 824 patients who had distal radius fractures that were treated surgically between January 2010 and August 2012 were identified. The study patients were older than 18 years and were observed for at least 12 weeks after surgery for distal radius fractures with a volar locking plate. Sex, age, fracture type according to AO classification, implants, wrist range of motion, grip strength, fracture consolidation rate, and complications were studied. Analysis included 694 patients, including 529 women and 165 men, with a mean age of 64 years. The mean follow-up period was 27 weeks. The fracture consolidation rate was 100%. There were 52 complications (7.5%), including 18 cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, 12 cases of peripheral nerve palsy, 8 cases of trigger digit, 4 cases of tendon rupture (none of the flexor pollicis longus), and 10 others. There was no rupture of the flexor pollicis longus tendon because careful attention was paid to the relationship between the implant and the tendon. Peripheral nerve palsy may have been caused by intraoperative traction in 7 cases, temporary fixation by percutaneous Kirschner wires in 3 cases, and axillary nerve block in 1 case; 1 case appeared to be idiopathic. Tendon ruptures were mainly caused by mechanical stress. [Orthopedics.2016; 39(5):e893-e896.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  15. Prospective Case Study of Outcome of Tibial Plateau Fractures Treated with Locking Condylar Plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain R

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tibial plateau injury involves the articular surface of the proximal tibia with diverse group of fractures that represent a wide spectrum of severity that challenge even the most experienced surgeons, but with the invent of modern diagnostic technology and the advent of locking plates, results appear to be improving over time. Method: The study was conducted on thirty patients admitted in the department of orthopaedics with diagnoses of tibial plateau fractures treated with Locking Condylar Plate. The patients were followed up for a minimum period of six months and clinico-radiological progression of fracture union with the functional outcome was studied using 100 point rating system devised by Delamarter et al. Result: Twenty-two patients showed excellent results while eight patients had good to fair and none with poor result. The average time for radiological union was 17.5 weeks. Conclusion: The results of the study concluded that while locking condylar plate seems to show excellent results in low energy tibial plateau fractures, it can probably be used to successfully treat patients with high energy fracture patterns without the need for additional medial stabilization.

  16. OUTCOME OF GARTLAND TYPE – II SUPRACONDYLAR FRACTURES OF HUMERUS TREATED BY CONSERVATIVE METHOD

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    Dinesh Mitra

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The current literatures recommend operative method (closed reduction and pinning for type II supracondylar fractures of humerus. But some surgeons still prefer conservative method for type II supracondylar fractures of humerus. We pr esent results of 14 cases of type II supracondylar fractures treated with CR and AE POP immobilization . The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of conservative treatment in management of type II supracondylar fracture of humerus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen children treated by conservative methods (CR & AE POP between January 2013 and December 2014 is included in this study. The mean age group is 6.8 years (3 years - 11 years. The patient follow up is done for a minimum of 10 - 12 weeks. Treatment outcome is based on final clinical and radiological assessments and grading of results was done using Flynn’s criteria. RESULTS: Gartland type II fracture gives 82% excellent results and 28 % good results as per Flynn’s criteria. Of the 14 patien ts only two cases required re manipulation. Surgical intervention was not needed for any of the patients. No patients in this study developed compartment syndrome / cubitus varus deformity. CONCLUSION: Satisfactory results can be obtained with conservative treatment (closed reduction and above elbow POP if proper selection of the patient and careful clinical and radiological follow up is done

  17. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with ceramic inlays and different base materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saridag, Serkan; Sari, Tugrul; Ozyesil, Atilla Gokhan; Ari Aydinbelge, Hale

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluated the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with different base materials and mesioocclusal-distal (MOD) ceramic inlays. Fifty mandibular molars were assigned into five groups (n=10 per group). Group1 (control) comprised intact molar teeth without any treatment. Teeth in other groups were subjected to root canal treatment and restored with MOD ceramic inlays on different base materials. In Group 2, base material was zinc phosphate cement; Group 3's was glass ionomer cement; Group 4's was composite resin, and Group 5's was composite resin reinforced with fiber. Finally, a continuous occlusal load was applied until fracture occurred. Mean fracture resistance of Group 1 (3,027 N) was significantly higher than the other groups (890, 1,070, 1,670, 1,226 N respectively). Fracture resistance of Group 4 was statistically comparable with Group 5 and significantly higher than Groups 2 and 3 (pmaterials under ceramic inlay restorations could affect the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.

  18. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACETABULUM FRACTURES TREATED AT THE INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE TRAUMATOLOGIA E ORTOPEDIA (INTO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Marcus Vinícius Fernandes; Goldsztajn, Flavio; Guimarães, João Matheus; Grizendi, José Afraneo; Correia, Marcos; Rocha, Tito Henrique

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review the epidemiological aspects of displacement fractures of the acetabulum that had been treated surgically at the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (INTO). We retrospectively analyzed 126 acetabulum fractures that had been treated surgically at INTO between March 2006 and November 2008. The following factors were taken into account: age, sex, trauma mechanism, injury classification, time elapsed between trauma and surgery, affected side and associated bone injuries. 76.8% were male; the mean age was 39.6 years. The trauma mechanism was traffic accidents in 59%; the time that elapsed between injury and surgery was on average 16.4 days; 55% of the cases were on the right side; 30% of the patients presented associated fractures. Most of the patients were male, in an economically active age group, and were victims of traffic accidents. Edge and/or posterior column fractures were the most frequent types. Associated injuries were common and most of the fractures operated in our service came to us late.

  19. The cost of infection in severe open tibial fractures treated with a free flap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Ulrik Kähler; Pedersen, Nicolas Jones; Eckardt, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: Open tibial fractures needing soft tissue cover are challenging injuries. Infection risk is high, making treatment difficult and expensive. Delayed skin closure has been shown to increase the infection rate in several studies. We aimed at calculating the direct and indirect cost of treat......PURPOSE: Open tibial fractures needing soft tissue cover are challenging injuries. Infection risk is high, making treatment difficult and expensive. Delayed skin closure has been shown to increase the infection rate in several studies. We aimed at calculating the direct and indirect cost...... of treatment, and to determine the effect of delayed skin closure on this cost. METHODS: We reviewed all records of patients treated with a free flap in our institution for an open tibial fracture from 2002 to 2013. We calculated direct costs based on length of stay (LOS) and orthopaedic and plastic surgical...... days and increased the cost of treatment from € 49,817 in uninfected fractures to € 81,155 for infected fractures. Employed patients spent 430 days more on unemployment benefits, than a matched cohort in the background population. Achieving skin cover within seven days of injury decreased the infection...

  20. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ACETABULUM FRACTURES TREATED AT THE INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE TRAUMATOLOGIA E ORTOPEDIA (INTO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Marcus Vinícius Fernandes; Goldsztajn, Flavio; Guimarães, João Matheus; Grizendi, José Afraneo; Correia, Marcos; Rocha, Tito Henrique

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to review the epidemiological aspects of displacement fractures of the acetabulum that had been treated surgically at the National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics (INTO). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 126 acetabulum fractures that had been treated surgically at INTO between March 2006 and November 2008. The following factors were taken into account: age, sex, trauma mechanism, injury classification, time elapsed between trauma and surgery, affected side and associated bone injuries. Results: 76.8% were male; the mean age was 39.6 years. The trauma mechanism was traffic accidents in 59%; the time that elapsed between injury and surgery was on average 16.4 days; 55% of the cases were on the right side; 30% of the patients presented associated fractures. Conclusion: Most of the patients were male, in an economically active age group, and were victims of traffic accidents. Edge and/or posterior column fractures were the most frequent types. Associated injuries were common and most of the fractures operated in our service came to us late. PMID:27022597

  1. Outcomes of the distal intraarticular humeral fractures treated by olecranon osteotomy

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    Erhan Yılmaz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate the management and outcome of intraarticular fractures of the distal humerus treated by open reduction and internal fixation using the olecranon osteotomy technique. Materials and methods: Twenty-one patients with in-traarticular fractures of the distal humerus were treated by open reduction and internal fixation. The mean age of the patients was 41.6 years and the mean follow-up pe-riod was 25.3 months. All fractures were type C accord-ing to the AO/ASIF fracture classification system. Chev-ron type olecranon osteotomy was performed within 12-24 h after the injury in all cases but 4 of them. Physical and radiological examination of patients with the appro-priate range checks were made.Results: All fractures united within average duration of 3.2 months. Excellent or good results were found in pa-tients less than 50 years-old, in women, when passing time from injury to surgery was within 12 hours and when early mobilization was achieved. The complica-tions were seen as 2 (9.6% transient neuropraxia of the ulnar nerve, 2 (9.6% failure of fixation, 1 (4.8% het-erotopic ossification and 1 (4.8% olecranon non-union. Fracture type (C1 and time from occurrence of injury to surgery (<12 hours are the main prognostic factors for achieving the excellent/ good functional results.Conclusions: The critical factors for a successful out-come of intraarticular fractures of the distal humerus in-cluded meticulous surgical technique, stable internal fix-ation, surgical experimentation and early controlled postoperative mobilization.

  2. Chronic Bilateral Tibial Stress Fractures with Valgus Treated with Bilateral Intramedullary Nailing: A Case Report

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    Steven K Dailey

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Stress fractures are overuse injuries most commonly seen in athletes, military recruits, and individuals with endocrine abnormalities. It has been demonstrated that chronic cases of anterior tibial stress fractures refractory to conservative management respond well to intramedullary nailing. To our knowledge, only one report has been published concerning patients with bilateral tibial stress fractures treated with bilateral intramedullary nailing. All patients in the series were high-level athletes. We present the case of a non-athletic patient with chronic bilateral tibial stress fractures and associated deformity successfully treated with bilateral intramedullary nails. Case Report: A 23-year-old Caucasian female full-time student presented with chronic bilateral shin pain for approximately five years. She had failed an extensive regimen of conservative management. She was diagnosed with chronic bilateral tibial stress fractures based on history, physical examination, and radiologic findings. She subsequently underwent sequential intramedullary nailing of her tibiae. Both tibiae were in valgus alignment; however, this did not preclude nail placement. The nails deformed upon insertion into the sclerotic canals to conform to the deformation. Post operatively the tibiae united and patient was relieved of her symptoms. Conclusion: Bilateral intramedullary nailing of chronic bilateral tibial stress fractures should be considered as a treatment option for all patients, not just high-level athletes, who fail a trial of conservative management. Additionally, mild to moderate tibial malalignment does not necessarily preclude tibial nailing as the smaller nails placed in sclerotic canals will likely deform on insertion and conform to the canal. Keywords: Bilateral intramedullary nailing, bilateral tibial stress fractures, valgus

  3. Comparing hospital outcomes between open and closed tibia fractures treated with intramedullary fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Evan J; Kuang, Xiangyu; Pandarinath, Rajeev

    2017-07-01

    Tibial shaft fractures comprise a large portion of operatively treated long bone fractures, and present with the highest rate of open injuries. Intramedullary fixation has become the standard of care for both open and closed injuries. The rates of short term complications and hospital length of stay for open and closed fractures treated with intramedullary fixation is not fully known. Previous series on tibia fractures were performed at high volume centers, and data were not generalizable, further they did not report on length of stay and the impact of preoperative variables on infections, complications and reoperation. We used a large surgical database to compare these outcomes while adjusting for preoperative risk factors. Data were extracted from the ACS-NSQIP database from 2005 to 2014. Cases were identified based on CPT codes for intramedullary fixation and categorized as closed vs open based on ICD9 code. In addition to demographic and case data, primary analysis examined correlation between open and closed fracture status with infection, complications, reoperation and hospital length of stay. Secondary analysis examined preoperative variables including gender, race, age, BMI, and diabetes effect on outcomes. There were 272 cases identified. There were no significant demographic differences between open and closed tibia fracture cases. Open fracture status did not increase the rate of infection, 30day complications, reoperation, or length of stay. The only preoperative factor that correlated with length of stay was age. There was no correlation between BMI, presence of insulin dependent and nondependent diabetes, and any outcome measure. When considering the complication rates for open and closed tibial shaft fractures treated with intramedullary fixation, there is no difference between 30-day complication rate, length of stay, or return to the operating room. Our reported postoperative infection rates were comparable to previous series, adding validity to

  4. Periprosthetic Vancouver type B1 and C fractures treated by locking-plate osteosynthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Froberg, Lonnie; Troelsen, Anders; Brix, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Historically, the treatment of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) has been associated with a high frequency of complications and reoperations. The preferred treatment is internal fixation, a revision of the femoral stem, or a combination of both. An improved understanding of plate use during...... internal fixation, and the introduction of locking-plate osteosynthesis may lead to improved outcome. We evaluated the outcome of Vancouver type B1 and C PFFs treated by locking-plate osteosynthesis, by assessing rates of fracture union and reoperations and by analyzing failure cases....

  5. [Early result of femur neck fracture treated with modular hemiarthroplasty fenix].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deszczyński, Jarosław; Mikusek, Rafał; Pisarski, Artur; Stolarczyk, Artur; Nowak, Piotr

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study is clinical assessment of modular arthroplasty Fenix and early assessment of 77 patient with femoral neck fracture treated with Fenix hemiarthroplasty. The mean age of the group was 77 years. There were 51 woman and 16 men in the group. Size of the used steam and head, the way of steam implantation, time of the operation and early complication was assessed. Operated patients were evaluated with Harris Hip Score, Larson I and Larson II score. The most common used steams were number 3 and 4, and the most common used head was number 44 with -4 mm offset. Mean operation time was 68.9 minute. The following early complication occurs: superficial wound infection treated with antibiotics--8 cases, pneumonia--8 cases, urinary tract infection--6 cases, intra operative femur shaft fracture during steam implantation, treated with plate osetosynthesis--1 cases. There were 14 cases of death in the group. 22 patients were evaluated with HHS and Larson. Mean score in HHS was 71 point, in Larson I--76 point, in Larson II--72 point. There was found that operating technique is similar like in the others hemiarthroplasty system and system is easy to use. Most of the stems were cemented. There was found that there are a high percent of death in femur neck fracture patient group during the first year after the operation and this kind of fractures handicap patient locomotion in spite of good hip joint function.

  6. Comparing two intramedullary devices for treating trochanteric fractures: A prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kontogeorgakos Vasileios

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intertrochanteric fractures are surgically treated by using different methods and implants. The optional type of surgical stabilization is still under debate. However, between devices with the same philosophy, different design characteristics may substantially influence fracture healing. This is a prospective study comparing the complication and final functional outcome of two intramedullary devices, the intramedullary hip screw (IMHS and the ENDOVIS nail. Materials and methods Two hundred fifteen patients were randomized on admission in two treatment groups. Epidemiology features and functional status was similar between two treatment groups. Fracture stability was assessed according to the Evan's classification. One hundred ten patients were treated with IMHS and 105 with ENDOVIS nail. Results There were no significant statistical differences between the two groups regarding blood loss, transfusion requirements and mortality rate. In contrast, the number of total complications was significantly higher in the ENDOVIS nail group. Moreover, the overall functional and walking competence was superior in the patients treated with the IMHS nail. Conclusions These results indicate that the choice of the proper implant plays probably an important role in the final outcome of surgical treatment of intertrochanteric fractures. IMHS nail allows for accurate surgical technique, for both static and dynamic compression and high rotational stability. IMHS nail proved more reliable in our study regarding nail insertion and overall uncomplicated outcome.

  7. Midface fractures surgically treated in Instituto Traumatológico of Santiago (Chile: A 10 years review.

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    Cristóbal Pacheco

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Maxillofacial fractures are associated with high morbidity, loss of function, aesthetics and psychological sequelae and substancial economical costs for surgical treatment. The incidence and the prevalence of maxillofacial trauma have been reported in many countries, with differences being found between studies due to sociocultural factors. Our aim is to describe the frequency of surgically treated midface fractures in Instituto Traumatologico of Santiago, Chile.Materials and Methods. We performed a cross sectional study at Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Instituto Traumatológico (Chile, by reviewing medical records of subjects with midfacial fractures treated surgically from January 2001 to December 2010. Information was collected according to patient age and gender, aetiology, type of fracture, health insurance and date of the intervention. The sample consisted of 549 patients.Results. There was a total of 549 patients with a total of 709 fractures. The male:female ratio with midface fractures was 5,3:1. The most affected age group was from 20 and 29 years. Most fractures were caused by aggression. The most common fracture was nasal, followed by zygomatic complex fractures.Conclusion. The findings of the study allow us to know the distribution patterns of surgically treated midface fractures. Our study showed similar characteristics to other studies in terms of affected population and the distribution of the location of fractures.

  8. Base fractures of the fifth proximal phalanx can be treated conservatively with buddy taping and immediate mobilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadstrup, Lars S; Jørring, Stig; Bernt, Peter

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Treatment of base fractures in the proximal phalanx depends on the fracture type, the degree of displacement and whether fracture reduction is stable or not. Internal fixation often leads to decreased mobility of the injured finger despite exact reduction of the fracture. Our...... treatment is focused upon function and to a lesser extent on exact reposition of the fractured fifth digit. Buddy taping was used after initial, closed reduction of the fracture allowing for immediate mobilisation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective follow-up study of 53 consecutive conservatively...... managed base fractures in 53 patients with a mean age of 39 years. All fractures were treated with buddy taping to the fourth digit and immediate mobilisation. RESULTS: The subjective outcome showed high overall satisfaction, and only four patients reported mild pain at rest or work. Malrotation was noted...

  9. Surgical management of a diabetic calcaneal ulceration and osteomyelitis with a partial calcanectomy and a sural neurofasciocutaneous flap

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    Georgios D. Georgakopoulos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis in diabetic patients poses a great challenge to the treating physician and surgeon. The use of a distally based sural neurofasciocutaneous flap after an aggressive debridement of non-viable and poorly vascularized tissue and bone that is combined with a thorough antibiotic regimen provides a great technique for adequate soft tissue coverage of the heel. In this case report, the authors describe the aforementioned flap as a versatile alternative to the use of local or distant muscle flaps for diabetic patients with calcaneal osteomyelitis and concomitant large wounds.

  10. Calcaneal BMD Obtained by Dual X-Ray and Laser Predicts Future Hip Fractures—A Prospective Study on 4 398 Swedish Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torkel B. Brismar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The predictive value of dual X-ray and laser (DXL calcaneal BMD (BMDDXL on hip fractures was prospectively studied in 4,398 females aged 55 to 99 years. The average follow-up period was 3 years and 11 months with a total of 17,270 person years. Fractures were identified from the national patient register. After inclusion, 130 females sustained a hip fracture. The age adjusted hazard ratio for T-score −2.5 was 2.64. Of all patients who sustained a hip fracture 78% had a T-score of −2.5 or below. The annual hip fracture rate was 0.26% at T-scores ≥−2, but 1.5% at T-scores ≤−2.5. The area under curve for the model including calcaneal BMDDXL, follow-up time, and age to prospectively predict hip fractures was 0.84. Conclusions. Calcaneal BMDDXL obtained by DXL Calscan predicts hip fractures and may therefore be suitable for diagnosing osteoporosis and for predicting fracture risk.

  11. Incidence of tendon entrapment and dislocation with calcaneus and pilon fractures on CT examination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tresley, Jonathan [Jackson Memorial Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Miami, FL (United States); University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); Subhawong, Ty K.; Singer, Adam D.; Clifford, Paul D. [Jackson Memorial Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Miami, FL (United States)

    2016-07-15

    To examine the association between tibial pilon and calcaneal fracture classification and tendon entrapment or dislocation. After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed consecutive CT scans with calcaneal or pilon fractures from 5 years at a level 1 trauma center. We categorized calcaneal fractures according to the Sanders classification, and pilon fractures according to the Ruedi and Allgower and the Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Osteosynthesefragen-Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO-OTA) classifications. Ankle tendons were assessed for dislocation or entrapment. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis with significance at p < 0.05. A total of 312 fractures (91 pilon only, 193 calcaneal only, and 14 ankles with ipsilateral pilon and calcaneal fractures) were identified in 273 patients. Twenty-two pilon, 42 calcaneal, and nine combination fractures were associated with 99 occurrences of tendon entrapment or superior peroneal retinacular injury. Such findings were associated with multiple fractures (p = 0.002). Multifragmentary pilon fractures were associated with posterior tibial and flexor digitorum longus tendon entrapment (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0003 for Ruedi/Allgower and AO-OTA, respectively), and multifragmentary Sanders type 3 or 4 calcaneal fractures were associated with superior peroneal retinacular injury (p = 0.0473) compared to simple fracture patterns. Thirty-nine percent of tendon entrapments or retinacular injuries were prospectively identified, 85 % by musculoskeletal radiologists (p < 0.0001). Approximately 25 % of calcaneal and pilon fractures were retrospectively identified to contain posteromedial tendon entrapment or superior peroneal retinacular injury. Radiologists should meticulously search for such injuries, particularly when analyzing multifragmentary and multiple fractures. (orig.)

  12. Promising Effect Of Intraarticular Ropivacaine In Femoral Neck Fractures Treated With Internal Fixation (Best Poster Award)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Rune Dueholm

    2008-01-01

     Promising Effect Of Intraarticular Ropivacaine In Femoral Neck Fractures Treated With Internal Fixation Rune Bech*, Jens Lauritsen*+,Tine Dimon*, Ole Ovesen*, Claus Emmeluth, Søren Overgaard*. *:Dept. Ortopaedic Surgery, Odense University Hospital, +:Institute of Public Health-dept. biostatistics......, Southern Denmark University.   INTRODUCTION Reducing pain is an essential factor for early mobilisation after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. Systemic opioids have side effects that might obstruct mobilisation and induce deliria and nausea. We hypothesized that intraarticular local anaesthetic...... results in pain relief without side effects and reduction in systemic opioid usage. We found no other studies describing this method in the literature. We present a pilot study on use of intraarticular local anesthesia in femoral neck fracture S72.0 patients.   MATERIAL AND METHODS All 22 patients...

  13. Adolescent Volar Barton Fracture with Open Physis treated with Volar Plating using Buttressing Principle

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    Shah H

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the outcome of Salter- Harris type III distal radius fracture fixed using the principle of buttressing and avoiding screw insertion through the physis. Materials and Method: Eight school going children in the age group of 11-16 years with volar Barton fractures were treated with a volar plate using the buttress principle without inserting screws in the distal fragment. Patients were evaluated over a period of 18 months. Clinical evaluation was done using the Green O’Brien criteria and radiological evaluation using the Sarmiento criteria. Results: The average union time was two months. All the patients had good to excellent functional outcome with full extension and flexion. Conclusion: Buttress plating of volar Barton fractures in the adolescent age group is an excellent technique to achieve satisfactory outcome without violation of the physis.

  14. [Comparison of clinical effects between locking intramedullary nail fixation and skeletal traction in treating tibiofibula fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei-jia; Mai, Min-jun; Liu, Yong-kun; Gao, Gen-ping

    2010-01-01

    To compare and evaluate clinical effects between locking intramedullary nail fixation and skeletal traction in order to provide the best therapeutic choice for tibiofibula fractures. From November 1989 to December 2000, 108 patients with tibiofibula fractures (group A) were treated with skeletal traction, there was 76 males and 32 females; the age was from 29 to 66 years with an average of (40.3 +/- 9.6) years; according to AO classification standard,48 cases were type A, 46 type B, 14 type C, of which the standard typing Gustio, type I in 15 cases, type II in 13, type III A in 2. And from January 2001 to July 2007, 57 patients with tibiofibula fractures (group B) were treated with locking intramedullary nail fixation,there was 40 males and 17 females,the age was from 21 to 69 years with an average of (38.1 +/- 8.9) years; according to AO classification standard, 27 cases were type A, 22 type B, 8 type C, of which the standard typing Gustio, type I in 7 cases, type II in 6, type III A in 1. Four indexes were compared, including the time of fracture healing, the time of achieved 90 degrees genuflection, the time of off-bed weight-bearing and complication. Comparison of fracture healing time: group A was (19.0 +/- 0.6) weeks and group B was (14.0 +/- 0.5) weeks; the time of achieved 90 degrees genuflection in group A was (92.0 +/- 8.2) d and in group B was (39.0 +/- 6.1) d; the time of off-bed weight-bearing in group A was (96.0 +/- 6.3) d and in group B was (38.0 +/- 6.5) d. Complication occurred in 42 cases in group A and 6 in group B. There was significantly difference in 4 items between two groups (P skeletal traction in treating tibiofibula fractures. Treatment of tibiaofibula fractures with locking intramedullary nail fixation can obtain satisfactory effect, which has less complication, the fracture heals and weigh-loading can be achieved early.

  15. Biomechanical investigation of titanium elastic nail prebending for treating diaphyseal long bone fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yen-Nien; Lee, Pei-Yuan; Chang, Chih-Wei; Ho, Yi-Hung; Peng, Yao-Te; Chang, Chih-Han; Li, Chun-Ting

    2017-03-01

    This study numerically investigated the deformation of titanium elastic nails prebent at various degrees during implantation into the intramedullary canal of fractured bones and the mechanism by which this prebending influenced the stability of the fractured bone. Three degrees of prebending the implanted portions of the nails were used: equal to, two times, and three times the diameter of the intramedullary canal. Furthermore, a simulated diaphyseal fracture with a 5-mm gap was created in the middle shaft portion of the bone fixed with two elastic nails in a double C-type configuration. End caps were simulated using a constraint equation. To confirm that the simulation process is able to present the mechanical response of the nail inside the intramedullary, an experiment was conducted by using sawbone for validation. The results indicated that increasing the degrees of nail prebending facilitated straightening the nails against the inner aspect of canal after implantation, with increase in stability under torsion. Furthermore, reducing nail prebending caused a larger portion of the nails to move closer to the loading site and center of bone after implantation; the use of end caps prevented the nail tips from collapsing and increased axial stability. End cap use was critical for preventing the nail tips from collapsing and for increasing the stability of the nails prebent at a degree equal to the diameter of the canal with insufficient frictional force between the nail and canal. Therefore, titanium elastic nail prebending in a double C-type configuration with a degree three times the diameter of the canal represents a superior solution for treating transverse fractures without a gap, whereas that with a degree equal to the diameter of the intramedullary canal and combined with end cap use represents an advanced solution for treating comminuted fractures in a diaphyseal long bone fracture.

  16. Calcaneal loading during walking and running

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giddings, V. L.; Beaupre, G. S.; Whalen, R. T.; Carter, D. R.

    2000-01-01

    PURPOSE: This study of the foot uses experimentally measured kinematic and kinetic data with a numerical model to evaluate in vivo calcaneal stresses during walking and running. METHODS: External ground reaction forces (GRF) and kinematic data were measured during walking and running using cineradiography and force plate measurements. A contact-coupled finite element model of the foot was developed to assess the forces acting on the calcaneus during gait. RESULTS: We found that the calculated force-time profiles of the joint contact, ligament, and Achilles tendon forces varied with the time-history curve of the moment about the ankle joint. The model predicted peak talocalcaneal and calcaneocuboid joint loads of 5.4 and 4.2 body weights (BW) during walking and 11.1 and 7.9 BW during running. The maximum predicted Achilles tendon forces were 3.9 and 7.7 BW for walking and running. CONCLUSIONS: Large magnitude forces and calcaneal stresses are generated late in the stance phase, with maximum loads occurring at approximately 70% of the stance phase during walking and at approximately 60% of the stance phase during running, for the gait velocities analyzed. The trajectories of the principal stresses, during both walking and running, corresponded to each other and qualitatively to the calcaneal trabecular architecture.

  17. Calcaneal Bone Mass Modification in Recreational Runners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escamilla-Martínez, Elena; Martínez-Nova, Alfonso; Gómez-Martín, Beatriz; Sánchez-Rodríguez, Raquel; Fernández-Seguín, Lourdes María; Pedrera-Zamorano, Juan Diego

    2016-11-01

    The calcaneus is the bone of the foot that first receives the impact of running, generating vibrations that might have a positive effect in modifying the trabecular bone mass. The objective of this study was to determine the variation in calcaneal bone density in runners during a 6-month training season, comparing it with a control sample. Bone density of the heel was measured in 33 male recreational runners by means of a contact ultrasonic bone analyzer. Measurements were made on three occasions during a training season: at the beginning, at 350 km, and at 700 km. All of the runners wore the same model of running shoes during this period. Measurements of bone density were also made in a control sample of 62 men who did not engage in physical exercise. There was a significant decrease in mean calcaneal bone density over the course of the training season (from 86.1 dB/MHz to 83.2 dB/MHz; P = .006), but no significant differences with the control sample value (from 80.7 dB/MHz to 81.1 dB/MHz; P = .314). The runners' body composition changed during the study period, with lean mass increasing and fat mass decreasing. Distance running seems to have a negative effect on calcaneal bone mass density during the course of a 700-km training season.

  18. [Effects of Surgically Treated Pelvic Ring and Acetabular Fractures on Postural Control].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, P; Schnegelberger, A; Riesner, H-J; Stuby, F; Friemert, B; Palm, H-G

    2016-04-01

    The aim of surgical treatment of pelvic ring and acetabular fractures is to allow rapid mobilisation of patients in order to restore stance and gait stability (postural control), as this significantly correlates with a positive outcome. The regulation of postural stability is mainly controlled by transmission of proprioceptive stimuli. In addition, the pelvis serves as a connection between the legs and the spine and thus is also of great importance for mechanical stabilisation. It remains unclear whether surgical treatment of pelvic ring and acetabular fractures affects the regulation of postural control. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the impact of surgically treated pelvic ring and acetabular fractures on postural stability by means of computerised dynamic posturography (CDP) after a mean of 35 months and to compare the results with a healthy control group. A retrospective case control study of 38 patients with surgically treated pelvic ring and acetabular fractures and 38 healthy volunteers was carried out using CDP. The average time of follow-up was 35 (12-78) months. The most important outcome parameter in this investigation was the overall stability index (OSI). Hip joint mobility, the health-related quality of life (SF-12) and pain were supplementary outcome parameters. It was found that surgically treated pelvic ring and acetabular fractures had no influence on postural stability. The OSI was 2.1 ° in the patient group and 1.9 ° in the control group. There was no significant difference between the groups in hip joint mobility. A total of 52 % of patients showed no or only mild pain. Mean health-related quality of life was the same as in the total population. Surgically treated pelvic ring and acetabular fractures do not lead to deterioration in postural control in the mid term. This is of high prognostic importance for rapid mobilisation of the patients. Therefore no increase in the risk of falling is expected after successfully

  19. Multidisciplinary Portuguese recommendations on DXA request and indication to treat in the prevention of fragility fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Andréa; Rodrigues, Ana M; Romeu, José Carlos; Ruano, Afonso; Barbosa, Ana Paula; Simões, Eugénia; Águas, Fernanda; Canhão, Helena; Alves, José Delgado; Lucas, Raquel; Branco, Jaime Cunha; Laíns, Jorge; Mascarenhas, Mário; Simões, Susete; Tavares, Viviana; Lourenço, Oscar; da Silva, José António Pereira

    2016-01-01

    To establish Portuguese recommendations regarding the indication to perform DXA and to initiate medication aimed at the prevention of fragility fractures. A multidisciplinary panel, representing the full spectrum of medical specialties and patient associations devoted to osteoporosis, as well as national experts in this field and in health economics, was gathered to developed recommendations based on available evidence and expert consensus. Recently obtained data on the Portuguese epidemiologic, economic and quality-of-life aspects of fragility fractures were used to support decisions. 10 recommendations were developed covering the issues of whom to investigate with DXA and whom to treat with antifracture medications. Thresholds for assessment and intervention are based on the cost-effectiveness analysis of interventions at different thresholds of ten-year probability of osteoporotic fracture, calculated with the Portuguese version of FRAX® (FRAX®Port), and taking into account Portuguese epidemiologic and economic data. Limitations of FRAX® are highlighted and guidance for appropriate adjustment is provided, when possible. Cost-effectiveness thresholds for DXA examination and drug intervention aiming at fragility fracture prevention are now provided for the Portuguese population. These are practical, based on national epidemiological and economic data, evidence-based and supported by a wide scope multidisciplinary panel of experts and scientific societies. Implementation of these recommendations holds great promise in assuring the most effective use of health resources in the prevention of osteoporotic fractures in Portugal.

  20. Operative treatment of the displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović Zoran

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Most calcaneal fractures occur in male industrial workers, having significant economic repercussions. Although current operative treatment has improved the outcome of the treatment in many patients, there is still no consensus on the classification, treatment, operative technique, or postoperative management. Computed tomographic scanning has improved our understanding of these fractures substantially, and has allowed the consistent analysis of the results of the treatment. The focus of current treatment is on the operative methods, internal fixation by leg-screw and plate through the lateral Kocher approach. Between April 1998 and July 2002, we treated operatively 6 displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus. A lateral Kocher incision, leg-screw, and plate fixation were used. Neither infection, nor nonunion, or malunion occurred. All the patients presently have painless foot, use normal footwear, and are capable of normal activities.

  1. [Radiological outcomes of unstable thoraco-lumbar fractures without neurological deficit treated through percutaneous surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorente, Rafael; Lorente, Alejandro; Rosa, Bárbara; Palacios, Pablo; Barrios, Carlos

    2017-11-06

    To analyse the radiological outcomes in the long term of unstable thoracic and lumbar fractures treated through percutaneous surgery. Retrospective review of a series of patients with unstable thoracic and lumbar fractures treated with percutaneous minimally invasive surgery between 2010 and 2015 in three different hospital centres. Six radiological parameters were measured annually during a 2-year period: Fracture angle, kyphotic deformity, sagittal index, percentage of compression, degree of displacement and deformation angle. A total of 37 patients were included with a median age of 41.3 years and a median follow-up period of 2.2 years. Fracture angle rose from 14.8° to 17.1° (increase of 15.54%), kyphotic deformity from 15.9° to 17.7° (increase of 11.32%), sagittal index from 10.1 to 12.3 (increase of 21.78%), percentage of compression from 32.7% to 36.8% (increase of 12.53%), degree of displacement from 3.0mm to 4.4mm (increase of 50%) and deformation angle from 20.7° to 22.9° (increase of 10.62%). All the radiological parameters studied lost correction throughout the 24 months of follow-up; the degree of displacement and the sagittal index were the most marked. Nevertheless, the greatest loss of correction occurred in the first postoperative year, the parameters then stabilised over the 24 months of follow up. We routinely recommend the measurement of all previous parameters for the follow up of unstable thoracic and lumbar fractures treated through percutaneous surgery. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  2. [Characteristics of treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approches].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xiao-Hai; Zhen, Ping; Gao, Ming-xuan; Wang, Jian-jun; Xue, Yun; Li, Meng; Deng, Xiao-wen; Li, Xu-sheng

    2013-12-01

    To investigate characteristics of treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approaches. Between January 2006 and September 2012, 39 patients with dislocations and fractures of sacroiliac joint were treated with operation. There were 28 males and 11 females, aged 12 to 64 (mean, 41.3) years old. Seventeen cases were chosen through anterior approach, 13 cases through posterior and 9 cases were combined with anterior and posterior approaches. The anterior approach were made with supine position, performed open reduction, and two plates with 4 holes were used as internal fixation for arthrodesis of sacroiliac joint after reduction; while posterior approach prone position, close or open reduction was performed, and one or two partial thread lag screws, which with 7.3 mm in diameter and 60 to 75 mm in length, were penetrated via sacroiliac joint for fixation under X-ray. Postoperative complications were observed, Matta and Majeed scoring were used to evaluated currative effects. All patients were followed up from 6 to 36 months. The patient could sit on the bed 2 to 4 weeks after surgery and walk with a crane 6 weeks' later. No breakage or loosening of screw occurred during follow-up. In all but one case with old sacral iliac fractures reducted poor, others obtained good opposition. According to Matta's criteria, 30 cases got excellent results, 8 good and 1 fair. According to Majeed's funtional standard, 14 patients got excellent results, 20 good 4 fair and 1 poor. Treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approaches can obtain good effects. However, anatomic location, fracture types, degree of displacement, the rate of preoperational reduction, vulnerability assessment of operation and fixation strength should be considered.

  3. Assessment of masticatory function using bite force measurements in patients treated for mandibular fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sybil, Deborah; Gopalkrishnan, K

    2013-12-01

    Bite force measurements are excellent criteria for assessment of masticatory efficiency. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of mandibular fractures on the bite forces of patients treated for such fractures. Patients who were surgically treated for isolated mandibular fractures in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from January 2006 to December 2007 were included in the study. Patients were asked to bite on a bite force transducer on the first, fourth, sixth, and ninth postoperative weeks. The bite force values were compared with those of age, sex, and weight-matched controls. A total of 60 patients were included in the study. It was found that maximum bite forces in patients were significantly less than in controls for several weeks after surgery. After the ninth postoperative week, the maximum bite force measured  80% the normal in patients with isolated parasymphysis fractures. The same values reduced to masticatory apparatus for example angle or condyle of the mandible.

  4. The value of calcaneal bone mass measurement using a dual X-ray laser calscan device in risk screening for osteoporosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulseren Kayalar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how bone mineral density in the calcaneus measured by a dual energy X-ray laser (DXL correlates with bone mineral density in the spine and hip in Turkish women over 40 years of age and to determine whether calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser variables are associated with clinical risk factors to the same extent as axial bone mineral density measurements obtained using dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry (DXA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2,884 Turkish women, aged 40-90 years, living in Ankara were randomly selected. Calcaneal bone mineral density was evaluated using a dual energy X-ray laser Calscan device. Subjects exhibiting a calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T- score <-2.5 received a referral for DXA of the spine and hip. Besides dual energy X-ray laser measurements, all subjects were questioned about their medical history and the most relevant risk factors for osteoporosis. RESULTS: Using a T-score threshold of -2.5, which is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO, dual energy X-ray laser calcaneal measurements showed that 13% of the subjects had osteoporosis, while another 56% had osteopenia. The mean calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T-score of postmenopausal subjects who were smokers with a positive history of fracture, hormone replacement therapy (HRT, covered dressing style, lower educational level, no regular exercise habits, and low tea consumption was significantly lower than that obtained for the other group (p<0.05. A significant correlation was observed between the calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T-score and age (r=-0.465, p=0.001, body mass index (BMI (r=0.223, p=0.001, number of live births (r=-0.229, p=0.001, breast feeding time (r=-0.064, p=0.001, and age at menarche (r=-0.050, p=0.008. The correlations between calcaneal DXL and DXA T-scores (r=0.340, p=0.001 and calcaneal DXL and DXA Z-scores (r=0.360, p=0.001 at the spine, and calcaneal DXL and DXA T- scores (r=0.28, p=0.001 and calcaneal

  5. Restoration of fractured endodontically treated mandibular first molar using custom made cast post and core.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guruprasada

    2015-07-01

    The successful treatment of posterior tooth with substantial damage to the tooth structure not only depends on root canal treatment but also by prompt restoration of lost coronal tooth structure. Endodontically treated teeth undergo loss of tooth substance due to dental caries, endodontic therapy or previous restoration and changes in physical characteristics, such as a reduced modulus of elasticity, which often leads to increased fracture susceptibility when compared to unrestored vital teeth.(1) Restoration of endodontically treated posterior teeth is more challenging because of their additional functional requirements. The restorative treatment of such teeth includes the decision of whether or not a post should be used. Post is a dental material placed in the root of structurally insufficient tooth when additional retention is needed to retain the core and coronal restoration.(2,3) However, preparation of a post space adds a certain degree of risk to restorative procedure like perforations and root fracture, especially if an over sized post channel is prepared.

  6. Fractures of the Proximal Third Tibia Treated With Intramedullary Interlocking Nails and Blocking Screws

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    Zanaty Mohamed Al-Toukhy

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Internal splintage of proximal metaphyseal tibial fractures has gained acceptance as a method of early stabilization of such injuries. Intramedullary nailing is a challenging procedure. This study tries to evaluate treatment outcomes of closed reduction and intramedullary nailing with the aid of blocking screws to maintain the reduction and stabilize theses injuries. METHOD: Thirty patients (23 males and 7 females with proximal metaphyseal tibial fractures were treated and followed from June 2010 and February 2014 (44 months with average 19 months. Age ranged between 23 to 55 years (average, 38 years. According to A.O. Classification 13 cases were Type A2.1, 9 cases were Type A2.1 (II, and 8 cases were Type A3.2. Seven cases were open fractures and according to Gustilo Anderson classification 4 cases were Grade (I, 3 cases were Grade (II. All cases were treated by interlocking intramedullary tibial nailing assisted by the use of blocking screws technique. RESULTS: The results had been evaluated through the following parameters: (pain, union, malunion, infection, range of motions, walking capacity, extension lag, knee stability and implant and technical failure. All cases had been united. Excellent alignment obtained in 27 fractures (90%. Knee and Ankle joints range of motions were equivalent to the unaffected side in 25 patients (82%. Two patients got superficial wound infection (2.7%. The final functional results were evaluated through modified Karlstrom-Olerud Score and we get: Excellent: 20 cases (66.7%, Good: 7 cases (23.3%, Satisfactory: 2 cases (6.7% and Poor: 1 case (3.3%. DISCUSSION: Intramedullary nailing of proximal tibial fracture is a load sharing procedure, sparing the extraosseous blood supply, avoiding additional soft-tissue dissection, thereby minimizing the risk of postoperative complications. Also, it reduces the length of hospital stay and costs, enables early mobilization and achieves satisfactory outcomes

  7. Thoracic spine fractures: injury profile and outcomes of a surgically treated cohort

    OpenAIRE

    Marré, Bartolomé; Ballesteros, Vicente; Martínez, Celmira; Zamorano, Juan J.; Ilabaca, Francisco; Munjin, Milan; Yurac, Ratko; Urzúa, Alejandro; Lecaros, Miguel; Fleiderman, José

    2011-01-01

    There are only few reports in literature about the treatment of traumatic lesions of the thoracic spine. They have been grouped together with thoracolumbar fractures, ignoring the particular biomechanics of the thoracic segment. The objective of this retrospective cohort is to describe the clinical presentation and outcomes of surgically treated patients with these injuries. Data were obtained from the institutional database of medical registries, identifying all the patients who had been tre...

  8. Restoration of fractured endodontically treated mandibular first molar using custom made cast post and core

    OpenAIRE

    Guruprasada

    2012-01-01

    The successful treatment of posterior tooth with substantial damage to the tooth structure not only depends on root canal treatment but also by prompt restoration of lost coronal tooth structure. Endodontically treated teeth undergo loss of tooth substance due to dental caries, endodontic therapy or previous restoration and changes in physical characteristics, such as a reduced modulus of elasticity, which often leads to increased fracture susceptibility when compared to unrestored vital teet...

  9. An Atraumatic Femoral Fracture in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis Treated with Denosumab

    OpenAIRE

    Villiers, J.; Clark, D. W.; Jeswani, T.; Webster, S.; Hepburn, A. L.

    2013-01-01

    Osteoporosis is responsible for a significant burden both individually and socially, but is readily treated with antiresorptive agents and mineral supplementation. However, long-term usage of these agents, notably bisphosphonates, is rarely associated with atypical fractures. Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody that reduces osteoclast activity and thus increases bone mineral density. In this case report, we present a 78-year-old woman with a background of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis ...

  10. Unstable dorsal proximal interphalangeal joint fracture-dislocations treated with extension-block pinning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bear, David M; Weichbrodt, Matthew T; Huang, Chris; Hagberg, William C; Balk, Marshall L

    2015-03-01

    Unstable proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint fracture-dislocations, which can cause significant disability, can be treated with multiple techniques. Extension-block pinning (EBP) allows for early motion and is less technically demanding than alternative surgical treatments. In the study reported here, 12 patients with unstable dorsal PIP fracture-dislocations were treated with closed reduction of the PIP joint followed by percutaneous insertion of a Kirschner wire (K-wire) into the distal aspect of the proximal phalanx. For these patients, extent of articular surface involvement averaged 43% (range, 25%-75%). Active motion was initiated early after surgery, and the K-wire was removed a mean of 25 days after pinning. Radiographic reduction of joint dislocation was achieved and maintained for 11 of the 12 patients at a mean follow-up of 35.5 months. At follow-up, mean visual analog scale (VAS) score was 0.64 (scale, 0-10). Mean score on the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire was 5.7, suggesting minimal functional impairment. Mean PIP active motion was 84° (range, 50°-110°). Grip strength was equal between operative and contralateral hands. Patient satisfaction most closely correlated with low VAS and QuickDASH scores. One patient developed a malunion, which was treated with corrective osteotomy. EBP is a simple, safe, and reproducible technique for unstable PIP fracture-dislocations. This technique yields outcomes similar to those reported for more complex surgical procedures.

  11. The Biological Metallic versus Metallic Solution in Treating Periprosthetic Femoral Fractures: Outcome Assessment

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    Serafino Carta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The periprosthetic fracture of the femur is, in order of frequency, the fourth leading cause (5.9% of surgical revision. Our study aims to demonstrate how the grafting of bone splint betters the outcomes. Materials. We treated 15 periprosthetic femoral fractures divided into two groups: PS composed of 8 patients treated with plates and splints and PSS involving 7 patients treated only with plates. The evaluation criteria for the two groups during the clinical and radiological follow-up were the quality of life measured by the Short Form (36 Health Survey (SF-36, Harris Hip Score (HHS, Modified Cincinnati Rating System Questionnaire (MCRSQ, bone healing measured by the Radiographic Union Score (RUS, postoperative complications, and mortality. The evaluation endpoint was set at 24 months for both groups (p<0.05. Results. The surgery lasted an average of 124.5 minutes for the PS group and 112.6 minutes for the PSS. At 24 months all clinical and radiographic scores were p<0.05 for the PS group. During follow-up 4 patients (2 in each group died of causes not related to surgery. Conclusions. The use of the metal plate as opposed to cortical allogenic splint should be taken into consideration as a noteworthy point for periprosthetic femoral fractures.

  12. The effect of temporary restorative materials on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milani, Amin Salem; Froughreyhani, Mohammad; Mohammadi, Hosein; Tabegh, Fatemeh Ghasemi; Pournaghiazar, Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth temporarily restored with some commonly used interim materials. Of 90 extracted maxillary premolars used in this study, 15 were left intact as the positive control. Endodontic treatment was performed on the remaining 75 teeth. The endodontically treated teeth were then randomly assigned to 5 groups (n = 15). One group was not restored and served as the negative control. In the remaining 4 experimental groups, the teeth were restored with a temporary cement: Zonalin, IRM, Coltosol, or Fuji II LC resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI). The fracture strengths of all teeth were measured with a universal testing machine. The fracture strength of teeth restored with RMGI was significantly greater than that of other groups (P materials was significantly lower than that of intact teeth (P resistance standpoint, RMGI may be the best choice for short-term temporary restoration of endodontically treated teeth. Other types of temporary restorative material had no reinforcing effect on tooth structure.

  13. Avaliação quantitativa ultra-sonográfica do calcâneo permite diferenciar mulheres com e sem fraturas ósseas recentes Quantitative calcaneal ultrasound evaluation allows distinguishing women with and without fractures

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    Lorena Aguirre Zambrano Velho

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estudos internacionais apontam o ultra-som de calcâneo (QUS como um excelente método para avaliar a qualidade óssea e o risco de fraturas. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o QUS de um grupo de mulheres brasileiras fraturadas com outro de não- fraturadas e verificar se as medidas do pé direito e esquerdo e duas medidas seqüenciais em cada pé eram estatisticamente equivalentes. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas 52 mulheres. Vinte e seis eram fraturadas e 26 sem fraturas, pareadas por idade (± 2, anos de pós-menopausa (± 2, e índice de massa corpórea (kg/m² (± 2. RESULTADOS: Os resultados foram comparados pelo teste t de Student para amostras pareadas. Os valores (média ± DP para o índice de elasticidade (SI foram 54,9 (± 16,6 e 80,4 (± 17,3 e o T Score foi -2,9 (± 0,94 e -1,3 (± 0,95 para o grupo com e sem fraturas, respectivamente. A primeira e segunda medidas do SI para cada pé, bem como as medidas dos pés direito e esquerdo foram similares. Houve significância estatística (pOBJECTIVE: International studies have pointed out quantitative ultrasound as an important method to assess bone fragility and risk of fracture. This study was performed to compare quantitative ultrasound (QUS in two groups of Brazilian women, those with a fracture and those with no previous history of fracture. The aim was to assess whether there was any difference between the right and the left foot s and whether two sequential measurements in each foot were statistically equivalent... METHODS: A total of 52 women, 26 with and 26 with no fractures, matched by age (± 2 years, years since menopause (± 2 years, and body mass index (kg/m² (± 2 were evaluated. RESULTS: Results were compared by the Student's t test for matched samples. Values (mean ± SD for the stiffness index (SI were 54.9 (± 16.6 and 80.4 (± 17.3, and for the T Score were -2.9 (± 0.94 and -1.3 (± 0.95 for the groups with and with no fractures, respectively. The first and

  14. Which AO/OTA 31-A2 pertrochanteric fractures can be treated with a dynamic hip screw without developing a lateral wall fracture? A CT-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Gaurav; Singh, Ravijot; Gn, Kiran Kumar; Jain, Vaibhav; Gupta, Ankit; Gamanagatti, Shivanand; Farooque, Kamran; Sharma, Vijay

    2016-05-01

    To determine whether radiographic measurements derived from standard computed tomography (CT) evaluation can be used to predict likelihood of a peri-operative lateral femoral wall fracture in AO/OTA 31-A2 pertrochanteric fractures treated with a dynamic hip screw (DHS). Fifty-one patients with AO/OTA 31-A2 classified pertrochanteric fractures were evaluated using a pre-operative CT scan of the pelvis with both hips. Dimensions of the lateral wall were calculated for each patient using four parameters: (1) height of the lateral wall above the vastus ridge; (2) circumference of the lateral wall 2 cm below the vastus ridge at an angle of 135°; this circumference was further divided into an anterior, lateral and posterior component; (3) cortical thickness at the centre of the lateral component of the lateral wall; and (4) cortical index. All patients were treated with a 135° DHS. Postoperative radiographs were assessed for lateral femoral wall fracture. Patients with a lateral wall fracture (17/51) had a smaller circumference (4.47 cm vs 5.44 cm p value fractures with a lateral wall height of > 1.68 cm and an anterior component of > 2.10 cm in circumference are not likely to sustain a lateral wall fracture when treated with a DHS.

  15. Avascular necrosis in proximal humeral fractures in patients treated with operative fixation: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jiaming; Zhang, Changqing; Wang, Tao

    2014-04-27

    Proximal humeral fractures are common lesions of the elderly, but there are no established treatment guidelines. A surgical treatment for comminuted and displaced fractures of the proximal humerus was developed and is still evolving. The aim of this study was to perform a quantitative review to evaluate the risk of avascular necrosis (AVN) in patients with proximal humeral fractures who were treated by operative fixation compared with conservative treatment. We searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, Springer, Elsevier Science Direct, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (in Chinese), and Wanfang database (in Chinese) up to December 2013 to identify studies related to operative fixation and AVN in patients with proximal humeral fractures. Seven studies with a total of 291 patients (142 operative fixation cases and 149 conservative treatment cases) with proximal humeral fractures were considered in the meta-analysis. The overall meta-analysis showed no significant difference in the incidence of AVN between the two groups [odds ratio (OR) 1.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.33-6.11, p = 0.64]. The subgroup meta-analysis by study design (retrospective/prospective), sample size (≤40/>40), and ethnicity (European/Asian) demonstrated similar results. However, the subgroup analysis by specific operative approach (plate fixation/tension band wiring fixation/others) indicated that plate fixation was associated with a higher rate of AVN than conservative treatment (OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.05-0.76, p = 0.019). Plate fixation was associated with a higher risk of AVN development than conservative treatment in patients with proximal humeral fractures.

  16. Functional outcome of Schatzker type V and VI tibial plateau fractures treated with dual plates

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    G Thiruvengita Prasad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dual plate fixation in comminuted bicondylar tibial plateau fractures remains controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation, specifically through compromised soft tissues, has historically been associated with major wound complications. Alternate methods of treatment have been described, each with its own merits and demerits. We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the functional outcome of lateral and medial plate fixation of Schatzker type V and VI fractures through an anterolateral approach, and a medial minimally invasive approach or a posteromedial approach. Materials and Methods: We treated 46 tibial plateau fractures Schatzker type V and VI with lateral and medial plates through an anterolateral approach and a medial minimal invasive approach over an 8 years period. Six patients were lost to followup. Radiographs in two planes were taken in all cases. Immediate postoperative radiographs were assessed for quality of reduction and fixation. The functional outcome was evaluated according to the Oxford Knee Score criteria on followup. Results: Forty patients (33 men and 7 women who completed the followup were included in the study. There were 20 Schatzker type V fractures and 20 Schatzker type VI fractures. The mean duration of followup was 4 years (range 1-8 years. All patients had a satisfactory articular reduction defined as ≤2 mm step-off or gap as assessed on followup. All patients had a good coronal and sagittal plane alignment, and articular width as assessed on supine X-rays of the knee in the anteroposterior (AP and lateral views. The functional outcome, as assessed by the Oxford Knee Score, was excellent in 30 patients and good in 10 patients. All patients returned to their pre-injury level of activity and employment. There were no instances of deep infection. Conclusions: Dual plate fixation of severe bicondylar tibial plateau fractures is an excellent treatment option as it provides rigid fixation and

  17. Outcomes of Pediatric Supracondylar Fractures of Humerus Treated by Posterior Triceps Splitting Approach

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    Rajeev Dwivedi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Close reductions and percutaneous pinning is the gold standard treatment for supracondylar fracture  of humerus. Open reduction and internal fixation is indicated in patients with unacceptable closed reduction, neurovascular compromise, and open fractures. Open reduction can be performed through various approaches. Every approach has their advantages and limitations. The aim of this study was  to assess the functional outcome of pediatric supracondylar fracture of humerus treated by posterior triceps splitting approach. Methods: This was a prospective evaluation of 20 consecutive patients with displaced pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures operated by triceps spitting posterior approach in our institution for two years. At initial presentation, 19 cases were Gartland III  and one was flexion variant of injury. Complications such as reduction loss, pin migration, infection, osteonecrosis of any part of the elbow, bone healing, and functional results were evaluated. Flynn criteria were used to evaluate the final results. Results: Twenty patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation by triceps splitting approach. Thirteen patients were male and seven were female with M:F ratio of 1.86:1. The mean age was 6.8 yr (SD=2.74, range 2-14. All the fractures united by six weeks; mean time for union was 4.5 wk (SD=0.94. All patients were assessed at six months using Flynn clinical and radiological criteria. Results were satisfactory in all patients. Conclusion: Posterior triceps splitting approach is simple, safe and has good functional and radiological outcome. We recommend this approach  for open reduction and internal fixation in pediatric supracondylar fracture.

  18. Radiological findings correlate with neurological deficits but not with pain after operatively treated sacral fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tötterman, Anna; Hellund, Johan C; Glott, Thomas; Madsen, Jan Erik; Røise, Olav

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose Neurological deficits and pain are common after displaced sacral fractures. However, little is known about the association between the long-term clinical outcomes and radiological findings. We examined the long-term radiological findings and their correlations with lumbosacral pain and neurological deficits in the lower extremities after surgery for sacral fractures. Methods 28 consecutive patients with operatively treated displaced sacral fractures were followed for mean 11 (8–13) years. Sensorimotor impairments of the lower extremities were classified according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA). Pain was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). All patients underwent conventional radiographic examination and CT, and the images were scrutinized for nonunion, residual displacement, narrowing of the sacral foramina, and post-foraminal encroachment of the L5 and S1 nerves. Results There was residual displacement of ≥ 10 mm in 16 of the 28 patients. 26 patients had narrowing of 1 or more neural root foramina in L5-S4. 8 patients reported having no pain, 11 had pain only in the lumbosacral area, and 9 had pain in combination with radiating leg pain. Statistically significant correlations were found between narrowing of the sacral foramina and neurological deficits in the corresponding dermatomes. Significant correlations were also found between post-foraminal encroachment of L5 nerves and both sensory and motor deficits. No correlations were found between pain and radiological findings. Interpretation Pathological radiological findings are common 11 years after operatively treated displaced sacral fractures. Sacral foraminal and L5 post-foraminal bony encroachments were common findings and correlated with neurological deficits. However, lumbosacral pain did not correlate with radiological sequelae after fracture healing. PMID:24694272

  19. The clinical and radiographical characteristics of zygomatic complex fractures: a comparison between the surgically and non-surgically treated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salentijn, Erik G; Boverhoff, Jolanda; Heymans, Martijn W; van den Bergh, Bart; Forouzanfar, Tymour

    2014-07-01

    In this retrospective study we evaluated the epidemiological data and the clinical and radiographical differences between surgically and non-surgically treated patients with zygomatic complex fractures at their initial assessment in our clinic over a period of 5 years. More knowledge of the clinical similarities and/or differences between the non-surgical and the surgical group will provide us a more complete view and may help physicians to develop any future methods in clinical decision making or even methods in distinguishing patients benefiting from a surgical treatment. Surgically and non-surgically treated patients were included in the study, if clinical and radiographical confirmation of zygomatic complex fractures were present at initial assessment. The patient groups were divided into surgically treated zygomatic complex fractures, and non-surgically treated fractures, with and without displacement. The groups were compared according to age, gender, degree of fracture displacement and clinical signs. In total 283 patients were diagnosed with zygomatic complex fractures, with a mean age of 43 years (±20 years) and a domination of male patients. The mean age was higher in the non-surgically treated group and contained more female patients. Overall type C fractures and the majority of the type B fractures were treated surgically. Only 2.1% of the type A fractures were treated surgically. Overall facial swelling and paraesthesia of the infraorbital nerve were found as most common clinical findings. Additionally, malar depression and extraoral steps were frequently found in the surgically treated group, as in the non-surgically treated group only facial swelling was found frequently, whether there was fracture displacement or not. The clinical characteristics 'extraoral steps', 'intraoral steps', and 'malar depression' were found to be significantly related to surgical treatment. Extraoral steps, intraoral steps, and malar depression were significantly related

  20. A STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF FRACTURES OF UPPER END HUMERUS TREATED BY PHILOS PLATE

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    Ananthula Krishna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Proximal humeral fractures account for about 5% of all injuries to the appendicular skeleton. The majority of proximal humeral fractures are either un - displaced or minimally displaced which can be managed conservatively. Only 20% of proximal humeral fractu res need surgical intervention. Many surgical techniques have been described. Over the last 3 decades, various modalities of fixations have been evolved for the treatment of these injuries (trans - osseous suturing, percutaneous pinning, tension band wiring, plating, nailing, arthroplasty. The proximal humerus internal locking system (PHILOS plate, a fixed - angle construct has been developed to maintain angular stability under load and to improve screw fixation in osteoporotic bones. In our study 29 patients with unstable proximal humerus fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using PHILOS plate. In 85% of cases the results were excellent to good. In this study, w e observed that the locking compression plate is an advantageous implan t in the treatment of these cases due to its angular stability particularly in comminuted fractures and in osteoporotic bones.

  1. Lateral Condyle Fracture of the Humerus in Children Treated with Bioabsorbable Materials

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    Véronique Andrey

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcome of lateral condyle fracture of the elbow in children treated with bioabsorbable or metallic material. From January 2008 to December 2009, 16 children with similar fractures and ages were grouped according to the fixation material used. Children were seen at 3, 6, and 12 months and more than 4 years (mean 51.8 months postoperatively. The clinical results were compared using the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS. Radiographic studies of the fractured and opposite elbow were assessed at last follow-up control. Twelve children had a sufficient followup and could be included in the study. Seven could be included in the traditional group and 5 in the bioabsorbable group. At 12 months, the MEPS was 100 for every child in both groups. Asymptomatic bony radiolucent visible tracks and heterotopic ossifications were noted in both groups. There were no significant differences in terms of clinical and radiological outcome between the two groups. The use of bioabsorbable pins or screws is a reasonable alternative to the traditional use of metallic materials for the treatment of lateral condyle fracture of the elbow in children.

  2. The functional outcome of surgically treated unstable pelvic ring fractures by open reduction, internal fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaykhosro Mardanpour

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Background:Unstable Pelvic fracture,a result of high energy antero-posterior compression injury, has been managed based on internal fixation and open reduction. The mode of fixation in Unstable Pelvic fracture has, however, been a subject of controversy and some authors have proposed a need to address the issue of partial breach of the pelvic ring elements in these injuries. This study was performed to evaluate the functional and radiological results of treatment of pelvic ring fractures by open reduction, internal fixation. Methods: Thirty eight patients with unstable pelvic fractures, treated from 2002 to2008 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of patients’ was 37 years old (range 20 to 67. Twenty six patients were men and 12 women. The most common cause was a road traffic accident (N=37, 97%. There were 11 type-C and 27 type-B fractures according to Tile’s classification. Thirty six patients sustained additional injuries. The most prevalent additional injuries were lower extremity fractures. Open reduction, internal fixation as a definite management was applied for all patients. Quality of reduction was graded according to the grades proposed by Matta and Majeed’s score was used to assess the clinical outcome. The mean period of follow-up was 25 months (ranged from 6 to 109 months. About 81.6% of patients had either good or excellent radiological reduction. Results: The functional outcome was excellent in 66%, good in 15%, fair in 11% and poor in 7% of the patients. There were 4 postoperative infections. No sexual function problem was reported. Nerve deficits recovered completely in 2 and partially in 3 of 11 patients with preoperative neurologic deficiency. There was no significant relation between functional outcome and the site of fracture Conclusion: Unstable pelvic ring fracture injuries should be managed surgically by rigid stabilization that must be carried out as soon as the general ndition of the patient permits, and

  3. Outcomes of trochanteric femoral fractures treated with proximal femoral nail: an analysis of 100 consecutive cases

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    Korkmaz MF

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mehmet Fatih Korkmaz,1 Mehmet Nuri Erdem,2 Zeliha Disli,3 Engin Burak Selcuk,4 Mustafa Karakaplan,1 Abdullah Gogus5 1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey; 2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Nisantasi University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Malatya Government Hospital, Malatya, Turkey; 4Department of Family Medicine, Inonu University School of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey; 5Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey Purpose: In this study, we aimed to report the results of a retrospective study carried out at our institute regarding cases of patients who had suffered proximal femoral fractures between January 2002 and February 2007, and who were treated with a proximal femoral nail. Materials and methods: One hundred consecutive cases were included in the study. A case documentation form was used to obtain intraoperative data including age, sex, mechanism of injury, type of fracture according to Association for Osteosynthesis/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation (AO/ASIF classification and the American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA physical status classification (ASA grade. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed at the time of admission and at the 6th week; subsequent visits were organized on the 3rd month, 6th month, and 12th month, and in patients with longer follow-up and annually postoperatively. The Harris score of hip function was used, and any change in the position of the implants and the progress of the fracture union, which was determined radiologically, was noted. Results: The mean age of the patients was 77.66 years (range: 37–98 years, and the sex distribution was 32 males and 68 females. Seventy-three fractures were reduced by closed means, whereas 27 needed limited open reduction. The mean follow-up time for the study group was 31.3 months (range

  4. [Demand for emergency department care for vertebral fractures treated with transdermal buprenorphine vs. other analgesics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillén Astete, Carlos A; Boteanu, Alina; Luque Alarcón, Mónica; Carballo Cardona, César; Roldán Moll, Fernando; Fernández Pérez, Cristina

    2016-01-01

    To compare the results of emergency department management of spinal pain from vertebral fractures (in terms of revisits, adverse effects at 90 days, or need for hospitalization because of poor pain control at 6 months) in patients treated with transdermal buprenorphine or another analgesic. Retrospective observational study of cohorts in an emergency department database compiled prospectively over a period of 18 months. We included all patients over the age of 60 with a radiologic diagnosis of vertebral fracture or compression causing pain for more than 3 months. Records were stratified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) analgesic scale, which was used when the patients were treated. Variables related to effectiveness were revisits at 1 month, time between visits in days, and the need for hospitalization. A total of 180 patients were included; 39 were treated with drugs on the first step of the WHO's analgesic ladder, 74 with second-step drugs (mainly tramadol), and 67 with transdermal buprenorphine, a third-step drug. Half the patients treated with buprenorphine had revisited at 50 days or later (interquartile range [IQR, 41-60 days); half those treated with first-step analgesics had revisited by 19 days IQR, 10-37 days), and half those on second-step drugs had revisited by 28 days (IQR, 21-53 days) (P<.001). After adjustment for other variables, patients treated with first-step drugs revisited 4.19-fold more (95% CI, 2.57-6.80; P<.001) and those treated with second-step drugs revisited 1.91-fold more (95% CI, 1.22-2.99; P=.005) more than patients treated with transdermal buprenorphine. Transdermal buprenorphine used to manage spinal pain seems to significantly reduce the need for revisits in comparison with treatments with first- or second-step analgesics.

  5. Effects of fiber-glass-reinforced composite restorations on fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated molars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicola, Scotti; Alberto, Forniglia; Riccardo, Michelotto Tempesta; Allegra, Comba; Massimo, Saratti Carlo; Damiano, Pasqualini; Mario, Alovisi; Elio, Berutti

    2016-10-01

    The study evaluated the fracture resistance and fracture patterns of endodontically treated mandibular first molars restored with glass-fiber-reinforced direct composite restorations. In total, 60 extracted intact first molars were treated endodontically; a mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavity was prepared and specimens were then divided into six groups: sound teeth (G1), no restoration (G2), direct composite restoration (G3), fiber-post-supported direct composite restoration (G4), direct composite reinforced with horizontal mesio-distal glass-fibers (G5), and buccal-palatal glass-fibers (G6). Specimens were subjected to 5000 thermocycles and 20,000 cycles of 45° oblique loading force at 1.3Hz and 50N; they were then loaded until fracture. The maximum fracture loads were recorded in Newtons (N) and data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey tests (pglass fibers inducted a partial deflection of the fracture, although they were not able to stop crack propagation. For the direct restoration of endodontically treated molars, reinforcement of composite resins with glass-fibers or fiber posts can enhance fracture resistance. The SEM analysis showed a low ability of horizontal glass-fibers to deviate the fracture, but this effect was not sufficient to lead to more favorable fracture patterns above the cement-enamel junction (CEJ). The fracture resistance of endodontically treated molars restored with direct composite restorations seems to be increased by reinforcement with fibers, even if it is insufficient to restore sound molar fracture resistance and cannot avoid vertical fractures. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Treating postmenopausal osteoporosis in women at increased risk of fracture - critical appraisal of bazedoxifene: a review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Súsanna v.; Vestergaard, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Several categories of drugs to treat osteoporosis exist in the form of bisphosphonates, strontium, parathyroid hormone, and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM). Advantages and disadvantages exist for each category as some patients may, for example, not tolerate bisphosphonates for gastr......Several categories of drugs to treat osteoporosis exist in the form of bisphosphonates, strontium, parathyroid hormone, and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM). Advantages and disadvantages exist for each category as some patients may, for example, not tolerate bisphosphonates...... for gastrointestinal side effects, and especially in women in whom osteoporosis is frequent, several options for treatment are needed. The objectives of this review were to critically appraise the effects of bazedoxifene on risk of fractures especially in women at high risk of fractures. A systematic literature search...... in which 7492 postmenopausal women aged 55 to 85 years were randomly allocated to 1) bazedoxifene (20 [n = 1886] or 40 [n = 1872] mg/day); 2) raloxifene (60 mg/day, n = 1849); or 3) placebo (n = 1885). The risk of vertebral fractures decreased with both 20 (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.89) and 40 (HR 0.63, 95...

  7. An in vitro Evaluation of Fracture Resistance of endodontically treated Teeth with Different Restorative Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangwan, Babita; Rishi, Rahul; Seal, Mukut; Jain, Kanav; Dutt, Pranjali; Talukdar, Pratim

    2016-07-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare and assess the fracture resistance of root canal treated teeth with different restorative materials. The present in vitro study was carried out on seventy-five freshly extracted, noncarious, single-canal human lower-first premolars with similar anatomic characteristics. Teeth were randomly assigned to five groups with 15 teeth being present in each group. Group I is control group (no alteration done), group II is restored with silver amalgam after endodontic therapy, group III is restored with posterior composite after end-odontic therapy, group IV is restored with posterior glass ionomer cement (GIC) after endodontic therapy, and group V is restored with miracle mix after endodontic therapy. Universal testing machine was used to assess the fracture strength. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test followed by Tukey's post hoc test were used to determine the significant difference between each group. A p-value of 0.05). The present study concludes that composites are found to be having more fracture resistance followed by silver amalgam on endodontically treated premolar teeth. Restoring nonvital teeth represents a major challenge for clinicians as they are extensively damaged due to caries and endodontic access preparations. With various restorative materials in the market, it becomes difficult for the clinician to choose the better restorative material for postendodontic restoration.

  8. Resistance of Bonded Composite Restorations on Fractures of Endodontically Treated Teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AR Daneshkazemi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of dentine bonding agents and Glass Ionomer cement beneath composite restorations and its resistance on fractures of endodontically treated teeth. Material and Methods: Forty sound maxillary teeth were selected; ten of them for positive control, and on the rest, RCT and MOD cavity preparations were done with standard methods. Then, the teeth were divided to four groups: 1-Sound teeth for positive control. 2-Prepared without any restoration for negative control. 3-Prepared and restored with Vitrabond(3M, USA, Single bond(3M, USA and Z100(3M, USA resin composite. 4-Prepared and restored by Single bond and Z100 resin composite. Specimens were subjected to compressive load by Instron 8502 until fracture occurred. Results: Group 1 showed the highest resistance to compressive forces followed by group 4,3&2 respectively. ANOVA, t test and Chi-square tests indicated significant difference between all the groups. Conclusion: Use of dentine bonding agents and resin composite increases resistance of endodontically treated teeth to fractures more than teeth restored with sandwich of glass ionomer cements, dentine bonding agents and resin composite.

  9. Construct Failure in an Atypical Femoral Fracture treated with Intramedullary Nailing: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L Bonifacio

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to document a rare case of construct failure in a 68-year old Filipina who sustained an atypical femoral fracture (AFF in her left subtrochanteric area. The patient previously had a 40-month history of alendronate 70mg + vitamin D 5600u therapy for osteoporosis and underwent closed intramedullary nailing for the AFF. Six months postoperatively, she began to experience progressive pain in her operated thigh. Radiographs revealed a broken nail at the proximal screw hole and non-union of the AFF. The patient was treated with exposure of the fracture site, removal of the broken device, exchange intramedullary nailing, and iliac bone grafting. She had radiographic and clinical union and was full weight bearing after three months.

  10. Comparison of Outcomes of Operatively Treated Bicondylar Tibial Plateau Fractures by External Fixation and Internal Fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CC Chan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The outcome of bicondylar tibial plateau fractures treated with either external fixation (35 patients or internal fixation (24 patients was reviewed. Outcome measures included the Rasmussen score, clinical complications, development of osteoarthritis and the requirement for total knee replacement (TKR. Twenty-two (92% anatomical reductions were achieved in the internal fixation group compared to 27 (77% in the external fixation group. Infective complications were more common in the external fixation group (9 patients, 26% due to pin tract infection. There were no deep infections in the internal fixation group. The mean Rasmussen score was not significantly different (mean score 32 in external fixation and 29 in internal fixation between the two groups and the incidence of osteoarthritis was the same in both groups. Four patients in the external fixation group underwent a TKR compared to 5 patients in the internal fixation group. Bicondylar tibial plateau fractures have similar outcomes following external or internal fixation.

  11. Adhesive restoration of anterior endodontically treated teeth: influence of post length on fracture strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Sebastià, Anaïs; Bortolotto, Tissiana; Cattani-Lorente, Maria; Giner, Lluis; Roig, Miguel; Krejci, Ivo

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the fracture resistance of endodontically treated anterior teeth restored with crowns made of composite or ceramic and retained without the use of a post (endocrowns) or with posts of 5 mm (short) and 10 mm in length (long). Forty-eight intact maxillary incisors were selected for the study. After endodontic treatment, the crowns were sectioned 2 mm coronally to the cementoenamel junction provided with a ferrule of 2 mm. The roots were randomly divided into six groups (n = 8) according to the post length and type of coronary restoration. The crowns were fabricated with the chairside economical restoration of esthetic ceramics system. Group 1 was restored with a 10-mm glass fiber post, composite core, and a full-coverage ceramic crown (LPCer); group 2, with a 5-mm glass fiber post, composite core, and a full-coverage ceramic crown (SPCer); group 3, with a 10-mm glass fiber post, composite core, and a full-coverage composite crown (LPCpr); group 4, with a 5-mm glass fiber post, composite core, and a full-coverage composite crown (SPCpr); and groups 5 (EndoCer) and 6 (EndoCpr) were restored with ceramic and composite endocrowns, respectively. The teeth were then thermomechanically loaded in a chewing machine. After fatigue, the specimens were loaded to fracture. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and chi-square test. Mode of failure was defined as repairable or non-repairable. Presence of post, post length, and crown material had no significant effect on the fracture resistance. Groups restored with endocrowns presented a higher number of repairable fractures in respect to the other groups. Presence of a post had no effect on the restorations' fracture strength. Although this in vitro study has some limitations in respect to its clinical relevance, the restoration of largely destroyed anterior teeth with the use of an endocrown or a short glass fiber post might have advantages over a large glass fiber post.

  12. Should fractures in massive intercalary bone allografts of the lower limb be treated with ORIF or with a new allograft?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aponte-Tinao, Luis A; Ayerza, Miguel A; Muscolo, D Luis; Farfalli, Germán L

    2015-03-01

    Massive bone allografts have been used for limb salvage of bone tumor resections as an alternative to endoprostheses, although they have different outcomes and risks. There is no general consensus about when to use these alternatives, but when it is possible to save the native joints after the resection of a long bone tumor, intercalary allografts offer some advantages despite complications, such as fracture. The management and outcomes of this complication deserve more study. The purposes of this study were to (1) analyze the fracture frequency in a group of patients treated with massive intercalary bone allografts of the femur and tibia; (2) compare the results of allografts treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with those treated with resection and repeat allograft reconstruction; and (3) determine the likelihood that treatment of a fracture resulted in a healed intercalary reconstruction. We reviewed patients treated with intercalary bone allografts between 1991 and 2011. During this period, patients were generally treated with intercalary allografts when after tumor resection at least 1 cm of residual epiphysis remained to allow fixation of the osteotomy junction. To obtain a homogeneous group of patients, we excluded allograft-prosthesis composites and osteoarticular and hemicylindrical intercalary allografts from this study. We analyzed the fracture rate of 135 patients reconstructed with segmental intercalary bone allografts of the lower extremities (98 femurs and 37 tibias). In patients whose grafts fractured were treated either by internal fixation or a second allograft, ORIF generally was attempted but after early failures in femur fractures, these fractures were treated with a second allograft. Using a chart review, we ascertained the frequency of osseous union, complications, and reoperations after the treatment of fractured intercalary allografts. Followup was at a mean of 101 months (range, 24-260 months); of the original 135

  13. The effect of post type and length on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaren, John D; McLaren, Charles I; Yaman, Peter; Bin-Shuwaish, Mohammed S; Dennison, Joseph D; McDonald, Neville J

    2009-03-01

    Few studies have been conducted to determine a correlation between the flexural modulus of metal and fiber-reinforced posts and the fracture resistance and failure mode of teeth restored with posts. Questions remain as to whether a longer post length or a post with a higher flexural modulus will significantly improve the fracture resistance of a tooth restored with a prefabricated post and core. The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and mode of failure of endodontically treated teeth restored with 3 different post systems, including 2 fiber-reinforced posts (Light-Post and Snowlight) and a stainless steel post (ParaPost XP). Seventy single-rooted premolars were sectioned at the cemento-enamel junction and then endodontically treated. Teeth were distributed into 7 groups. Three different prefabricated posts were cemented into a post space either 5 or 10 mm in depth, and composite resin (ParaPost ParaCore automix) cores were fabricated. A composite resin core group without a post served as a negative control. Specimens were loaded at 90 degrees to the longitudinal axis until ultimate failure occurred. An initial failure load and mode of failure were also recorded. Statistical analysis was performed for initial and ultimate failure loads of groups by using 2-way ANOVA (P=.05). The groups with ParaPost XP posts demonstrated significantly higher initial and ultimate mean failure loads when compared with the fiber-reinforced post groups. The highest mean (SD) initial failure load was with the ParaPost XP group with a 10-mm post length (170.05 (60.08) N), and the lowest was with the Snowlight group with the 5-mm post length (62.85 (18.47) N). The stiffness and the load to initial fracture of the teeth restored with ParaPost XP posts were higher compared with the fiber-reinforced post groups.

  14. The societal costs of femoral neck fracture patients treated with internal fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zielinski, S M; Bouwmans, C A M; Heetveld, M J; Bhandari, M; Patka, P; Van Lieshout, E M M

    2014-03-01

    The study rationale was to provide a detailed overview of the costs for femoral neck fracture treatment with internal fixation in the Netherlands. Mean total costs per patient at 2-years follow-up were 19,425. Costs were higher for older, less healthy patients. Results are comparable to internationally published costs. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed overview of the cost and healthcare consumption of patients treated for a hip fracture with internal fixation. A secondary aim was to compare costs of patients who underwent a revision surgery with patients who did not. The study was performed alongside the Dutch sample of an international randomized controlled trial, concerning femoral neck fracture patients treated with internal fixation. Patient characteristics and healthcare consumption were collected. Total follow-up was 2 years. A societal perspective was adopted. Costs included hospital costs during primary stay and follow-up, and costs related to rehabilitation and changes in living situation. Costs were compared between non-revision surgery patients, implant removal patients, and revision arthroplasty patients. A total of 248 patients were included (mean age 71 years). Mean total costs per patient at 2-years follow-up were 19,425. In the non-revision surgery patients total costs were 17,405 (N = 137), in the implant removal patients 10,066 (N = 38), and in the revision arthroplasty patients 26,733 (N = 67). The main contributing costs were related to the primary surgery, admission days, physical therapy, and revision surgeries. The main determinant was the costs of admission to a rehabilitation center/nursing home. Costs were specifically high in elderly with comorbidity, who were less independent pre-fracture, and have a longer admission to the hospital and/or a nursing home. Costs were also higher in revision surgery patients. The 2-years follow-up costs in our study were comparable to published costs in other Western societies.

  15. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber posts of different lengths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco, Erico Braga; Lins do Valle, Accacio; Pompéia Fraga de Almeida, Ana Lúcia; Rubo, José Henrique; Pereira, Jefferson Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    Endodontically treated teeth are known to have reduced structural strength. Glass fiber posts may influence fracture resistance and should be evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of glass fiber post length on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. Forty intact human maxillary canines were selected and divided into 4 groups, the control group consisting of teeth restored with a custom gold cast post and core, with a length of two-thirds of the root. Other groups received prefabricated glass fiber posts in different lengths: group 1/3, removal of one-third of the sealing material (5 mm); group 1/2, removal of one-half of the sealing material (7.5 mm); and group 2/3, removal of two-thirds of the sealing material (10 mm). All the posts were cemented with resin cement, and the specimens with glass fiber posts received a composite resin core. All the specimens were restored with a metal crown and submitted to a compressive load until failure occurred. The results were evaluated by 1-way ANOVA, and the all pairwise multiple comparison procedures (Tukey honestly significantly difference test) (α=.05). The ANOVA showed significant differences among the groups (Pglass fiber posts, the failure occurred at the junction between the composite resin core and the root. The length of glass fiber posts did not influence fracture load, but cast post and cores that extended two-thirds of the root length had significantly greater fracture resistance than glass fiber posts. Copyright © 2014 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Surgical Treatment of Calcaneal Spur.

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Sarmiento Sánchez; Horacio Suárez Monzón; Rolando Delgado Figueredo; Juan Carlos Cabrera Suárez

    2007-01-01

    Background: Pain in the plantar region of the heel is technically known as talalgia, and it is a very frequent complaint in the orthopaedic service in Guyana. Due to its frequent mortality, the current investigation was carried out. Objectives: To characterize the application of the surgical treatment to a group of patients in Guyana. Method: 70 patients surgically treated were studied presenting rebel talalgia with no responses to the conservative treatment. Age, sex, race, educational level...

  17. Union rates and prognostic variables of osteoporotic vertebral fractures treated with a rigid external support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, Kenji; Watanabe, Goichi; Kawaguchi, Satoshi; Kanaya, Kohei; Horigome, Keiko; Yajima, Hideki; Morita, Tomonori; Yamashita, Toshihiko

    2012-11-01

    External supports serve as a traditional treatment option for osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). However, the role of external supports in the treatment of OVF remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of a rigid external support in the healing of OVFs by prospectively evaluating union (fracture settling) rates and prognostic variables for patients suffering from an incident OVF. Fifty-five patients with acute back pain were enrolled in this study after being diagnosed with an OVF based on MRI findings. Patients were treated using a plastic thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO) and underwent follow-up at 2, 3, and 6 months. Vertebrae were referred to as "settled" when there was no dynamic mobility on sitting lateral and supine lateral radiographs. At the time of the 3- and 6-month follow-up visits, the patients were divided into 2 groups, the "settled group" and the "unsettled group." Patients in these groups were compared with regard to clinical and radiographic features. Of the 55 patients enrolled, 53 patients were followed up for 6 months. There were 14 men and 39 women with an average age of 75.3 years. Fracture settling of the affected vertebra was defined in 54.7% of the patients at 2 months, in 79.2% at 3 months, and in 88.7% at 6 months. All 5 components of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire improved significantly both at 3 months and 6 months. Patients in the unsettled group exhibited a statistically greater likelihood of having fractures at the thoracolumbar junction, Type A3 fractures, and fractures with a diffuse low-intensity area on T2-weighted MRI studies at 3 months. In contrast, at 6 months, the only statistically significant difference between the groups was patient age. The biomechanical disadvantages of OVFs (location, type, and size) adversely influencing the fracture healing were overcome by the treatment using a TLSO within 6 months. The authors' findings show that a

  18. The value of calcaneal bone mass measurement using a dual X-ray laser Calscan device in risk screening for osteoporosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayalar, Gulseren; Cevikol, Alev; Yavuzer, Gunes; Sanisoglu, Yavuz; Cakci, Aytul; Arasil, Tansu

    2009-01-01

    To evaluate how bone mineral density in the calcaneus measured by a dual energy X-ray laser (DXL) correlates with bone mineral density in the spine and hip in Turkish women over 40 years of age and to determine whether calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser variables are associated with clinical risk factors to the same extent as axial bone mineral density measurements obtained using dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry (DXA). A total of 2,884 Turkish women, aged 40-90 years, living in Ankara were randomly selected. Calcaneal bone mineral density was evaluated using a dual energy X-ray laser Calscan device. Subjects exhibiting a calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T- score energy X-ray laser measurements, all subjects were questioned about their medical history and the most relevant risk factors for osteoporosis. Using a T-score threshold of -2.5, which is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), dual energy X-ray laser calcaneal measurements showed that 13% of the subjects had osteoporosis, while another 56% had osteopenia. The mean calcaneal dual energy X-ray laser T-score of postmenopausal subjects who were smokers with a positive history of fracture, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), covered dressing style, lower educational level, no regular exercise habits, and low tea consumption was significantly lower than that obtained for the other group (penergy X-ray laser T-score and age (r= -0.465, p=0.001), body mass index (BMI) (r=0.223, p=0.001), number of live births (r= -0.229, p=0.001), breast feeding time (r= -0.064, p=0.001), and age at menarche (r= -0.050, p=0.008). The correlations between calcaneal DXL and DXA T-scores (r=0.340, p=0.001) and calcaneal DXL and DXA Z-scores (r=0.360, p=0.001) at the spine, and calcaneal DXL and DXA T- scores (r=0.28, p=0.001) and calcaneal DXL and DXA Z-scores (r=0.33, p=0.001) at the femoral neck were statistically significant. Bone mineral density measurements in the calcaneus using a dual energy X-ray laser are valuable

  19. Effect of novel restorative materials and retention slots on fracture resistance of endodontically-treated teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasa, Bilal; Arslan, Hakan; Yasa, Elif; Akcay, Merve; Hatirli, Huseyin

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of endodontically-treated teeth restored with nano-hybrid composite resin, bulk-fill flowable and short fibre-reinforced-composite in the absence/presence of retention slots. One hundred and ten extracted non-carious human mandibular molars received endodontic treatment followed by mesio-occlusodistal (MOD) cavities with 3 ± 0.2 mm thicknesses of buccal and lingual walls. Teeth were divided into two main groups according to the retention slot preparation. The dove-tail retention slots were prepared on the middle of opposite buccal and lingual walls to create mechanical interlocking. Each group was further divided into four sub-groups according to restorative material types: control (no restoration), nano-hybrid composite resin (Filtek™ Z550), bulk-fill flowable (Filtek™ Bulk Fill) and short fibre-reinforced-composite (everX Posterior™). Restored teeth were subjected to compressive load at a strain rate of 1 mm/min. The data were statistically analysed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test for multiple comparisons. The fracture resistance was significantly affected by the presence of the retentive slots and restorative material (p resistance compared with restored teeth without retentive slots (p resistance values compared with the other test groups (p resistance of endodontically-treated teeth, especially, when restored with short fibre-reinforced composite. The use of short fibre-reinforced composite with retentive slots could be an alternative technique to prevent cuspal fracture on endodontically-treated teeth with MOD cavity.

  20. Fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth with flared root canals and restored with different post systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccari, Paulo César; Cosme, Dúcia Caldas; Oshima, Hugo Mitsuo; Burnett, Luiz Henrique; Shinkai, Rosemary Sadami

    2007-01-01

    Many post systems are available to clinicians, yet no consensus exists about which one is better in restoring endodontically treated teeth. This study evaluated the fracture strength of teeth with flared canals and restored with two fiber-reinforced resin systems (glass fiber: FRC Postec [Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein]; quartz fiber: D.T. Light-Post [Bisco Dental Products, Schaumburg, IL, USA]), and one custom cast base metal (Ni-Cr) post and core system. Thirty anterior teeth had their crowns removed below the cemento-enamel junction and were endodontically treated. The canals were prepared for post fixation, and the canal walls were flared using a taper diamond bur. The prepared roots were randomly divided into three groups according to the post system. All posts were cemented with an adhesive resin cement. For the fiber-reinforced resin posts, cores were built up using microhybrid composite. Metallic crowns were luted using zinc phosphate cement. Specimens were loaded at 45 degrees in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until failure. The mode of failure was classified as repairable or nonrepairable. Teeth restored with cast posts had fracture strength twice that of teeth restored with resin posts. Fiber-reinforced resin posts failed at a compressive force comparable to clinical conditions, but all failures were repairable. Fracture strength and mode of failure in anterior teeth with flared canals varied according to the type of post used to support a crown. Under the conditions of this study, cast posts are preferable to restore endodontically treated teeth with flared canals and no ferrule.

  1. Compartment Syndrome following Open Femoral Fracture with an Isolated Femoral Vein Injury Treated with Acute Repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Walmsley

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute compartment syndrome is a surgical emergency and its diagnosis is more difficult in obtunded or insensate patients. We present the case of a 34-year-old woman who sustained a Gustilo-Anderson grade III open midshaft femur fracture with an isolated femoral vein injury treated with direct repair. She developed lower leg compartment syndrome at 48 hours postoperatively, necessitating fasciotomies. She was subsequently found to have a DVT in her femoral vein at the level of the repair and was started on therapeutic anticoagulation. This case highlights the importance of recognition of isolated venous injuries in a trauma setting as a risk factor for developing compartment syndrome.

  2. Intrathoracic fracture-dislocation of the proximal humerus treated with rib fixation and shoulder arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkes, Timothy; Parra, Michael; Shrock, Kevin

    2014-04-01

    Proximal fractures of the humerus resulting in intrathoracic displacement of the humeral head are rare, but cause serious pain and can lead to pulmonary and glenohumeral complications. Many treatment options exist, but there is still no literature regarding mortality and morbidity associated with rib fixation in concordance with treatment of the proximal humerus. This case describes a patient who was treated using a multi-team approach that involved shoulder arthroplasty with rib fixation, and which resulted in decreased pain and decreased narcotic use while improving the patient's pulmonary function.

  3. Effect of core stiffness on the in vitro fracture of crowned, endodontically treated teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilo, Raphael; Cardash, Harold S; Levin, Eli; Assif, David

    2002-09-01

    Dentin and core materials that substitute for missing dentin are dissimilar materials. A core material with a lower elastic modulus may deform more under applied stress and therefore result in reduced stress concentration at the core/dentin junction. This in vitro study examined the effect of core stiffness on the fracture resistance and failure characteristics of a crowned, endodontically treated tooth under simulated occlusal load. Forty extracted human mandibular premolars were divided equally into 4 groups and prepared for posts and cast crowns as follows: group 1 = cast post and core, cast crown; group 2 = preformed metal post, composite core, and cast crown; group 3 = preformed metal post, amalgam core, and cast crown; and group 4 (control) = preformed metal post, no core, and cast crown. All prepared teeth had 2 mm of sound dentin on which the cemented crown rested. A continuous load (kg) was applied to the buccal cusp at a 30-degree angle to the long axis of each tooth at a crosshead speed of 2 mm/min until failure. Collected data were subjected to 1-way analysis of variance with the Welch modification to compare groups (Pcrown, post, and core was found only in group 2(20%). Within the limitations of this study, core stiffness did not affect the failure resistance of teeth restored with posts and cores and complete-coverage cast metal crowns. The dominant pattern of failure was unrepairable root fracture. Only the composite core exhibited repairable fractures.

  4. Open Dislocation of Ankle without Fracture Treated with an External Fixator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayit, Emrah; Sayit, Asli Tanrivermis; Zan, Elcin

    2017-05-01

    Ankle dislocations are orthopedic emergencies that require immediate treatment to avoid neurovascular impairment. They are usually accompanied by one or more comminuted fractures of the ankle mortis. In rare circumstances, such as high-energy trauma, the ankle dislocations may not be accompanied by concomitant malleolar fractures and, thus, are named "pure ankle dislocations". We presented a very rare and interesting case of an open medial dislocation of the ankle without associated fracture in an 18-year-old man with no known predisposing risk factors. The patient was admitted to the emergency department after sustaining a catastrophic trampoline accident resulting in severe inversion of the right ankle. The patient was treated with an external fixator and was mobilized early in the post-surgical course. Despite initial presentation that revealed lack of posterior tibial pulse, the post-surgical course was uneventful, with full functional recovery and joint mobility. The primary goals of treatment are immediate reduction of the joint and relief of neurovascular stress. External fixation is a prompt, fairly easy treatment that one should keep in mind in pure ankle dislocations. Nonetheless, ligamentous restoration and early mobilization were the key elements as seen in our case for full functional recovery. © 2017 Chinese Orthopaedic Association and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  5. [Early results of proximal femoral fractures treated with FENIX modular hemiarthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Görski, Radosław; Górecki, Andrzej; Olszewski, Paweł; Biedrzycki, Jerzy; Skowronek, Paweł

    2010-01-01

    The article discusses preliminary clinical results in patients with proximal femoral fractures treated with hemiarthroplasty using a FENIX implant. The study group comprised 41 subjects aged 69 to 97 (median age 82.3 year). The follow-up study provided data on 26 subjects (63.4%), among which 15 attended the check-up, 5 subjects refused to visit at the Department and 6 subjects were reported as deceased. Median follow-up period amounted to 6.8 month (1 to 22 months). General hospitalization-related complications occurred in 8 patients (19.5%). During hospitalization no deaths occurred, in the deceased group 3 patients died within 12 months after surgery, while another 3 died after the twelve-month postoperative period (median of 13.3%). According to Merle d'Aubigne-Postel score favorable long-term results were observed in 9 patients (59.9%), 13 patients regained the level of motor function similar to the functional ability prior to fracture. The need to postpone the surgery due to general health status and impaired pre-operative motor function are significant negative prognostic factors. The results obtained were compared with previous efficacy studies on femoral fracture treatment using an Austin-Moore implant. Functional ability and self-reliance was higher in the FENIX group. FENIX arthroplasty effectively helps patients regain self-reliance and motor function thanks to its modular characteristics and anatmoical construction.

  6. Fracture strength of endodontically treated molars transfixed horizontally by a fiber glass post.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltrão, Maria Cecilia Gomes; Spohr, Ana Maria; Oshima, Hugo Mitsuo Silva; Mota, Eduardo Gonçalves; Burnett, Luiz Henrique

    2009-02-01

    To assess the effect of a horizontally transfixed fiber glass post placed between buccal and palatal surfaces, on the fracture strength of endodontically treated molar teeth with MOD cavities, either restored with resin-based composite, or not. 75 sound maxillary human third molars were extracted, embedded in acrylic resin blocks and randomly assigned to five groups (n=15). Group A (sound teeth), (control) and Groups B, C, D and E, which were subjected to the following procedures after endodontic treatment: GB--(MOD+Endo), GC--(MOD+Endo+Post), GD--MOD and composite restoration (MOD+Endo+CR), GE--(MOD+Endo+Post+CR). The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 24 hours. Later, a compressive force was applied by means of a universal testing machine at 1 mm/minute speed, parallel to the long axis of the teeth until fracture occurred. The means of the results (N) followed by the same letter represent no statistical difference by ANOVA and Tukey (Pfiber glass post transfixed horizontally in a MOD cavity significantly increased the fracture resistance of the teeth restored with resin composite.

  7. [Atypical fracture of metatarsal bone in a patient with multiple myeloma who was treated long-term with bisphosphonates].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Z; Sprláková-Puková, A; Chaloupka, R; Krejčí, M; Pour, L; Král, Z; Mayer, J

    2013-11-01

    The first reports found in professional literature on the use of bisphosphonates as a treatment date back to 1972. We found the first report on the use of a bisphosphonate comprising nitrogen in its molecule in a publication from 1990. Some of the adverse effects of the particular types of bisphosphonates were described in the registration studies. At least two serious adverse effects of this group of medicines had not been described until 2000. We found the first description of jaw osteonecrosis in relation to the longterm application of bisphosphonates in a publication from 2002 and we found the first description of an atypical bone fracture originating without a corresponding traumatic event in a location with no presence of an osteolytic focus in an article from 2006. These so  called atypical fractures, which are also called fractures without a corresponding traumatic event (low energy fractures), have been described to have occurred in femurs, in the pelvis and less frequently in the metatarsal area. "Atypical fractures" are linked to longterm administration of bisphosphonates, which significantly increases the bone density and impedes osteolysis but it simultaneously increases the fragility of bones and decreases their flexibility. The definition of an atypical fracture of the skeleton emphasises the fact that such fractures occur with an inadequately minimal force (energy) in the aforementioned predilection locations. In the following text we are describing a patient who has been treated for a multiple myeloma with an atypical fracture of the Metatarsal bone 2. This fracture occurred during a regular walk without any excessive load and the patient could not recall any corresponding injury or longer walking. The patient had been administered bisphosphonates for 34 months before the atypical metatarsal fracture occurred. The metatarsal bone fracture was treated through a nonweight  bearing regime for the sole and the pain diminished within a single month

  8. Lung complications are common in intensive care treated patients with pelvis fractures: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engström, Joakim; Reinius, Henrik; Ström, Jennie; Bergström, Monica Frick; Larsson, Ing-Marie; Larsson, Anders; Borg, Tomas

    2016-04-19

    The incidence of severe respiratory complications in patients with pelvis fractures needing intensive care have not previously been studied. Therefore, the aims of this registry study were to 1) determine the number of ICU patients with pelvis fractures who had severe respiratory complications 2) whether the surgical intervention in these patients is associated with the pulmonary condition and 3) whether there is an association between lung complications and mortality. We hypothesized that acute hypoxic failure (AHF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) 1) are common in ICU treated patients with pelvis fractures, 2) are not related to the reconstructive surgery, or to 3) to mortality. All patients in the database cohort (n = 112), scheduled for surgical stabilization of pelvis ring and/or acetabulum fractures, admitted to the general ICU at Uppsala University Hospital between 2007 and 2014 for intensive care were included. The incidence of AHF/ARDS was 67 % (75/112 patients), i.e., the percentage of patients that at any period during the ICU stay fulfilled the AHF/ARDS criteria. The incidence of AHF was 44 % and incidence of ARDS was 23 %. The patients with AHF/ARDS had more lung contusions and pneumonia than the patients without AHF/ARDS. Overall, there were no significant changes in oxygenation variables associated with surgery. However, 23 patients with pre-operative normal lung status developed AHF/ARDS in relation to the surgical procedure, whereas 12 patients with AHF/ARDS normalized their lung condition. The patients who developed AHF/ARDS had a higher incidence of lung contusion (P = 0.04) and the surgical stabilization was performed earlier (5 versus 10 days) in these patients (P = 0.03). We found that the incidence of respiratory failure in ICU treated patients with pelvis fractures was high, that the procedure around surgical stabilization seems to be associated with a worsening in the respiratory function in patients with lung

  9. Epidemiological analysis of maxillofacial fractures treated at a university hospital, Xinjiang, China: A 5-year retrospective study.

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    Mijiti, Ainiwaer; Ling, Wang; Tuerdi, Maimaitituerxun; Maimaiti, Abudukelimujiang; Tuerxun, Julaiti; Tao, Yao Zhi; Saimaiti, Adilijiang; Moming, Adili

    2014-04-01

    To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of maxillofacial fractures treated at a university hospital, Xinjiang, China over a 5-year period. Between 2006 and 2010, a total of 1350 patients with maxillofacial fractures were reviewed retrospectively. The data collected included demographics, aetiology, site of fracture, time regarding injuries, presence of associated injuries, treatment modalities, and complications. A total of 1860 maxillofacial fractures were seen in 1350 patients with a male to female ratio of 4.9:1. The most common aetiology of the fractures was motor vehicle accident, followed by interpersonal violence. The age group 21-30 years accounted for the largest subgroup in both sexes. The mandible was the most common site of fracture followed by the zygoma. Associated injuries were found in 48.3% of patients, with a prevalence of intracranial injuries (37.0%). Majority of fractures were treated with open reduction (62.4%), and 7.2% of patients presented post-operative complications. Road traffic accident is the most common cause of maxillofacial fractures in China, which is characterized by an increasing prevalence and resulting in more associated injuries. Thus, more attention should be paid on the prevention and treatment of these injuries caused by road traffic accidents in our country. Copyright © 2013 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Surgical interventions to treat humerus shaft fractures: A network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

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    Jia-Guo Zhao

    Full Text Available There are three main surgical techniques to treat humeral shaft fractures: open reduction and plate fixation (ORPF, intramedullary nail (IMN fixation, and minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis (MIPO. We performed a network meta-analysis to compare three surgical procedures, including ORPF, IMN fixation, and MIPO, to provide the optimum treatment for humerus shaft fractures.MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, and Cochrane library were researched for reports published up to May 2016. We only included randomized controlled trials (RCTs comparing two or more of the three surgical procedures, including the ORPF, IMN, and MIPO techniques, for humeral shaft fractures in adults. The methodological quality was evaluated based on the Cochrane risk of bias tool. We used WinBUGS1.4 to conduct this Bayesian network meta-analysis. We used the odd ratios (ORs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs to calculate the dichotomous outcomes and analyzed the percentages of the surface under the cumulative ranking curve.Seventeen eligible publications reporting 16 RCTs were included in this study. Eight hundred and thirty-two participants were randomized to receive one of three surgical procedures. The results showed that shoulder impingement occurred more commonly in the IMN group than with either ORPF (OR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.03-0.37 or MIPO fixation (OR, 0.08; 95% CI, 0.00-0.69. Iatrogenic radial nerve injury occurred more commonly in the ORPF group than in the MIPO group (OR, 11.09; 95% CI, 1.80-124.20. There were no significant differences among the three procedures in nonunion, delayed union, and infection.Compared with IMN and ORPF, MIPO technique is the preferred treatment method for humeral shaft fractures.

  11. How to Treat the Complex Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients? DHS or Arthroplasty

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    Ebrahim Hasankhani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background:  Due to difficulty in obtaining anatomical reduction, management of the unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly osteoporotic patients is challenging. The purpose of this study is to compare the results of hip arthroplasty (total, hemi, or bipolar with DHS in the elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures.   Methods:  We prospectively studied and followed-up 80 old patients with complex unstable intertrochanteric fracture from January 2007 to December 2010. Depending on the time of the patients’ admission, we alternatively treated them by DHS and arthroplasty, and placed them in Groups A and B, respectively. We followed them up radiologically and also clinically by Harris Hip Score for more than 24 months. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.5 for Windows.  Results: The mean length of follow-up and age were 34.3±4.1 months (ranged; 24-59 and the 75.2±5.2 years (ranged; 58-96, respectively. Comparing Group A with B, demographic data, mean blood loss, duration of operation, time to walking and duration of hospital stay had no significant difference but overall device related complications were significantly higher in Group A. Functional scores were also higher in Group B, but this difference was not significant statistically. In both groups, the patients with Type A3 compared with Type A2, had more duration of surgery and blood loss.  Conclusions:  Arthroplasty is an alternative treatment in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and can provide good and satisfactory clinical outcomes associated with low complication and mortality rates.

  12. How to Treat the Complex Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients? DHS or Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassankhani, Ebrahim Ghayem; Omidi-Kashani, Farzad; Hajitaghi, Hossein; Hassankhani, Golnaz Ghayem

    2014-09-01

    Due to difficulty in obtaining anatomical reduction, management of the unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly osteoporotic patients is challenging. The purpose of this study is to compare the results of hip arthroplasty (total, hemi, or bipolar) with DHS in the elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures. We prospectively studied and followed-up 80 old patients with complex unstable intertrochanteric fracture from January 2007 to December 2010. Depending on the time of the patients' admission, we alternatively treated them by DHS and arthroplasty, and placed them in Groups A and B, respectively. We followed them up radiologically and also clinically by Harris Hip Score for more than 24 months. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.5 for Windows. The mean length of follow-up and age were 34.3±4.1 months (ranged; 24-59) and the 75.2±5.2 years (ranged; 58-96), respectively. Comparing Group A with B, demographic data, mean blood loss, duration of operation, time to walking and duration of hospital stay had no significant difference but overall device related complications were significantly higher in Group A. Functional scores were also higher in Group B, but this difference was not significant statistically. In both groups, the patients with Type A3 compared with Type A2, had more duration of surgery and blood loss. Arthroplasty is an alternative treatment in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and can provide good and satisfactory clinical outcomes associated with low complication and mortality rates.

  13. Vancouver type B2 and B3 periprosthetic fractures treated with revision total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amenabar, Tomas; Rahman, Wael A; Avhad, Vineet V; Vera, Ramiro; Gross, Allan E; Kuzyk, Paul R

    2015-10-01

    Periprosthetic fractures are the fourth most common cause for hip revision and a devastating complication. Our purpose is to report results and quality of life following revision THA for Vancouver B2 and B3 fractures. This was a retrospective review from January 2000 to November 2012 to identify all revision THA performed for Vancouver types B2 and B3 that had a minimum follow-up of two years. Routine post-operative and radiographic evaluation to assess patient survival, implant failure, complications and quality of life was involved. Statistical analysis was made with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve with 95 % confidence interval and the log rank (Mantel-Cox) test. A total of 76 fractures were included, with an average follow-up 74.4 months. Mean age at the revision surgery was 75.7 years (range, 41-97 years; SD, 12.4). Sixty-six cases were classified as Vancouver B2 and treated with distal fixation stem. Ten cases were Vancouver B3 and a proximal femoral allograft technique was used. The overall five-year Kaplan-Meier survival rate for the patients was 77.9 % (95 % CI, 67.4-88.4), and the ten-year rate was 65.1 % (95 % CI, 51.4-78.8). Five-year Kaplan-Meier survival rate for the implants was 89.6 % (95 % CI, 82.2-97); we presented seven failures. The mean SF-12 mental was 55.1 (range, 31-68; SD, 8.1) and the physical was 37.4 (range, 16-55; SD, 9.4). Mortality rate after periprosthetic fractures is high as compared to other hip surgeries; our Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that it tends to plateau after five years. In our series the failure rate was low and occurred early in the post-operative period.

  14. Isokinetic strength test and functional outcomes in proximal humeral fractures treated with a locking plate.

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    Costantino, Cosimo; Verdano, Michele Arcangelo; Jacopetti, Marco; Romiti, Davide; Lunini, Enricomaria; Pellegrini, Andrea; Ceccarelli, Francesco

    2014-09-01

    Despite the use of many shoulder outcome scales in subjects with rotator cuff pathology or instability symptoms, it can be problematic to select an instrumental evaluation in the shoulder trauma population. In this study we evaluated patients with proximal humeral fractures treated with internal fixation with a locking plate, analyzing the recovery of strength with an isokinetic test and its correlation with clinical and functional outcomes. We enrolled 46 individuals (17 men, 29 women). The evaluation included a structured interview, measurement of ROM, isokinetic strength test and Constant-Murley and QuickDASH scores. The isokinetic test was performed in flexion/extension and external/internal rotation of the operated shoulder in comparison with the contralateral side and concentric contractions in all movements. The parameter tested was peak torque. In the operated shoulder values we noticed a statistically significant correlation between the QuickDASH and Constant-Murley score. QuickDASH showed a significant correlation with flexion isokinetic strength, partial correlation with extension isokinetic values and no correlation with external/internal rotation values. In addition, we found a correlation between the Constant-Murley score and all the isokinetic strength parameters. Comparing the operated shoulder and the contralateral, in Neer type 2 fractures there was no significant difference in all the isokinetic peak torque values; in Neer type 3 and type 4, there was a significant statistical difference in both flexion peak torque values and no significant difference in the other movements. The isokinetic test can give objective data on strength recovery and could help the surgeon's clinical evaluation to assess the functional recovery of the operated shoulder over time. We believe that the isokinetic test and Constant-Murley score could act as a reference in the evaluation of post-surgical outcome of proximal humeral fractures. Furthermore, the type of fracture

  15. Multiple vertebral fractures associated with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis treated with teriparatide followed by kyphosis correction fusion: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uei, Hiroshi; Tokuhashi, Yasuaki; Maseda, Masafumi; Nakahashi, Masahiro; Nakayama, Enshi

    2018-02-23

    Surgical treatment of multiple vertebral fractures in patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is difficult because of a high rate of secondary fracture postoperatively. A case is described in which initial treatment with teriparatide to improve osteoporosis followed by treatment of kyphosis with correction fusion achieved a favorable outcome. Secondary fracture frequently occurs after treatment of vertebral fracture with vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty in patients with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, but effective treatment of multiple vertebral fractures has rarely been reported. Thus, a treatment of kyphosis following multiple vertebral fractures associated with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is required. The patient was a 24-year-old woman diagnosed with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis who was under treatment with oral alendronate, vitamin D, and elcatonin injection. Secondary multiple vertebral fractures occurred despite these treatments and low back pain gradually aggravated. Vertebroplasty or balloon kyphoplasty was not performed in the early phase. Instead, treatment with teriparatide was used for initial improvement of osteoporosis. Kyphosis in the center of the residual thoracolumbar junction was then treated with posterior correction fusion. At 2 years after surgery, the corrected position has been maintained and no new fracture has occurred. There is no established method for treatment of multiple vertebral fractures caused by glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Initial treatment with teriparatide to improve osteoporosis followed by treatment of kyphosis with correction fusion may result in a more favorable outcome.

  16. Distal tibial fracture treated by minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis after external fixation Retrospective clinical and radiographic assessment

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    Al. Șerban

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Fractures of the horizontal surface of the distal tibia are known commonly as pylon or plafond fractures, and represent 1-5% of lower extremity fractures, 7-10% of all tibial fractures. The protocol consisted of immediate (within eight to 24 hours open reduction and internal fixation of the fibula, using a fibular plate or one third tubular plate and application of an external fixator spanning the ankle joint. In the second stage, the treatment of proximal and distal tibial fractures with close reduction and MIPPO technique can preserve soft tissue, simplify operative procedure and decrease wound, obtain rigid internal fixation and guarantee early function exercises of ankle joint. In this study we evaluated 22 patients treated in Clinical Emergency Hospital Constanta between April 2012 - July 2013 diagnosed with multifragmentary fractures of the distal tibia. This study evaluates the treatment of complex fractures of distal tibia with locked plate after external fixation. There were 17 males and 5 females of mean age 51,7 years (31-68. The mean follow-up period was 14 weeks. (Ranging from 9-16 weeks. All patients were fully weight bearing at 16 weeks (ranging 9-16 weeks showing radiological union. There were no cases of failures of fixation, or rotational misalignment. No significant complication was observed in our patients. MIPO is an effective method of treatment for distal tibial fractures, reduce surgical trauma and maintain a more biologically favorable environment for fracture healing, reducing risks of infection and nonunion.

  17. [Case-control study on treating severe tibial open fractures by amputation and limb salvage].

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    Jiang, Xing-jie; Zhang, Feng; Zhao, Jian; Cao, Yong; Chen, Xiang-dong; Yao, Yu

    2014-12-01

    To compare mid-term clinical outcomes between amputation and limb salvage in treating severe open tibial fractures with type Gustilo III B, III C. From July 2007 to June 2010,68 patients with severe open tibial fractures with type Gustilo III B, III C treated by amputation and limb salvage were retrospectively analyzed. In amputation group, there were 26 males and 12 females with an average age of (44.9±16.3) years old; and 21 cases were type Gustilo (III B, 17 cases were Gustilo III C; amputation were performed in accordance with soft tissue injury degree of shank, fracture types and surgical exploration. In limb salvageg group, there were 21 males and 9 females with an average age of (43.5±14.7) years old; and 23 cases were type Gustilo III B, 7 cases were Gustilo III C; the method of internal fixation and and wound healing were performed in accordance with patients's specific condition. Operative time, blood loss, hospital stay and postoperative infection was compared between two groups; time of loading and rate of return to work was compared; VAS scoring was used to evaluate condition of pain; SF-36 health queationaire was used to assess postoperative life quality. Totally 60 patients were followed up (33 cases in amputation group and 27 cases in limb salvage group) with an average time of 49.1 months. Operative time, blood loss, hospital stay and postoperative infection in amputation and limb salvage group respectively was (109.0±25.7) min, (245.0±58.6) min; (168.0±49.0) ml, (311.0±137.0) ml; (13.8±2.7) d, (28.8±13.1) d; 7.9%, 36.7%. At the final following-up, there was no significance meaning between two groups in VAS scoring and rate of return to work, but time of loading in amputation group was shorter than that of in limb salvage group. Physiological function in amputation group was better than limb salvage group, while body pain was worse; and there was no signicance meaning in psychological health between two groups. Amputation and limb salvage

  18. Damage in a Distal Radius Fracture Model Treated With Locked Volar Plating After Simulated Postoperative Loading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, Christina; Brantley, Justin A; Clark, James; Taha, Mahmoud Reda; Mercer, Deana M; Myers, Orrin B

    2018-02-06

    "Damage" is an engineering term defining a period between a state of material perfection and the onset of crack initiation. Clinically, it is a loss of fixation due to microstructural breakdown, indirectly measured as a reduction of stiffness of the bone-implant construct, normalized by the cross-sectional area and length of the bone. The purpose of this study was to characterize damage in a cadaver model of extra-articular distal radius fracture with dorsal comminution treated using 2-column volar distal radius plates. Ten matched distal radii were randomly divided into 2 groups: group I specimens were treated with a volar distal radius plate with an independent, 2-tiered scaffold design; group II specimens (contralateral limbs) were treated with a volar plate with a single-head design for enhanced ulnar buttressing. Specimens were cyclically loaded to simulate a 6-month postoperative load-bearing period. We report damage after a defined protocol of cyclical loading and load to failure simulating a fall on an outstretched hand. Group II specimens experienced more damage under cyclic loading conditions than group I specimens. Group I specimens were stiffer than group II specimens under load-to-failure conditions. Ultimate force at failure in group I and group II specimens was not different. Specimens failed by plate bending (group I, n = 6/10; group II, n = 2/10) and fracture of the lunate facet (group I, n = 4/10; group II, n = 8/10). Group I specimens had less screw cutout at the lunate facet than group II specimens under cyclic loading as indicated by lower damage measures and fewer facet fractures during load-to-failure testing. The overall strength of the construct is not affected by plate design. Microstructural damage or a loss of fixation due to an overly rigid volar plate design may cause malunion or nonunion of fracture fragments and lead to bone-implant instability. Copyright © 2018 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc

  19. Postpartum Osteoporosis and Thoracic Vertebral Fracture in a Patient Treated with Heparin During Pregnancy

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    Ayse Aydemir Ekim

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Postpartum osteoporosis (PPO is a rare form of osteoporosis related to pregnancy. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman who consulted for severe low-back pain one week after her delivery. This woman had a personal history of protein C deficiency and was treated with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH 40 mg/day during her pregnancy. Her body mass index was 19.8 and she had only gained 8 kg during pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI revealed a fracture of thoracic 11. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA measured T score = - 4,9 and Z score = -4,8 in Lumbar 1-4 vertebrae. These findings suggest that PPO may be one of the causes of severe back pain in postpartum patients. We think that PPO risk is higher in those patients with low BMI who were treated with LMWH during pregnancy.

  20. Pedicle screw fixation with kyphoplasty decreases the fracture risk of the treated and adjacent non-treated vertebral bodies: a finite element analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Pan; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Huan-Wen; Liu, Jian; Ye, Lin-Qiang; Xiao, Jin; Tu, Qiang; Yang, Tao; Wang, Fei; Sun, Guo-Gang

    2016-12-01

    Adjacent vertebral fractures are common in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) after kyphoplasty. This finite element study was to examine whether short segment pedicle screw fixation (PSF) with kyphoplasty may decrease the fracture risk of the treated and adjacent non-treated vertebrae after kyphoplasty for OVCFs. By simulating cement augmentation with or without short segment pedicle screw fixation (PSF), two tridimensional, anatomically detailed finite element models of the T10-L2 functional spinal junction were developed. The insertion of pedicle screws into the intact vertebra apparently decreased the stress distribution of the treated vertebra in vertical compression and other load situations. The stress distribution in the bone structures of the intact vertebra adjacent to the intact-screwed vertebra was much less than that in the one adjacent to the treated vertebra. The insertion of pedicle screws into the intact vertebra greatly decreased the maximum displacement of the cortical bones and cancellous bones of the vertebrae. Our results indicated that short segment PSF with kyphoplasty may decrease the fracture risk of the treated and adjacent non-treated vertebrae in the management of OVCFs.

  1. Variation in Rehabilitation Treatment Patterns for Hip Fracture Treated With Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebens, Hilary C; Sharkey, Phoebe; Aronow, Harriet U; Deutscher, Daniel; Roberts, Pamela; Munin, Michael C; Radnay, Craig S; Horn, Susan D

    2016-03-01

    Recommendations for health care redesign often advocate for comparative effectiveness research that is patient-centered. For patients who require rehabilitation services, a first step in this research process is to understand current practices for specific patient groups. To document in detail the physical and occupational therapy treatment activities for inpatient hip fracture rehabilitation among 3 patient subgroups distinguished by their early rate of functional recovery between time of surgery to rehabilitation admission. Multicenter prospective observational cohort, practice-based evidence, study. Seven skilled nursing facilities and 11 inpatient rehabilitation facilities across the United States. A total of 226 patients with hip fractures treated with hip arthroplasty. Comparisons of physical and occupational therapy treatment activities among 3 groups with different initial recovery trajectory (IRT) rates (slower, moderate, faster). Percent of patients in each IRT group exposed to each physical and occupational therapy activity (exposure), and mean minutes per week for each activity (intensity). The number of patients exposed to different physical or occupational therapy activities varied within the entire sample. More specifically, among the 3 IRT groups, significant differences in exposure occurred for 44% of physical therapy activities and 39% of occupational therapy activities. More patients in the slower recovery group, IRT 1, received basic activities of daily living treatments and more patients in the faster recovery group, IRT 3, received advanced activities. The moderate recovery group, IRT 2, had some treatments similar to IRT 1 group and others similar to IRT 3 group. Analyses of practice-based evidence on inpatient rehabilitation of hip fracture patients treated with arthroplasty identified differences in therapy activities among three patient groups classified by IRT rates. These results may enhance physiatrists', other physicians', and

  2. Ethnomedicinal plants used to treat bone fracture from North-Central Western Ghats of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhya, Vinayak; Hegde, Harsha V; Bhat, Shripad; Hurkadale, Pramod J; Kholkute, S D; Hegde, G R

    2012-07-13

    North Central Western Ghats in India comprises rich bio-cultural diversity and is also home to varied ethnomedicinal practices. The study was taken up for documentation and analysis of traditional knowledge regarding the practice and use of plants in the treatment of bone fracture. This is an effort to preserve the vanishing wealth of traditional knowledge. Key informants identified in a preliminary survey and collection of information was through semi structured, open ended interviews. The details on age, place of practice, experience of key informants and learning of practice, disease they treat and mode of diagnosis, storage and usage of plants were collected. The identity of plants and their information was confirmed through repeated guided transect walks in different seasons with the informants and focus group discussions. Identified plants were deposited at the herbaria of Regional Medical Research Centre, Belgaum. Forty four key informants providing treatment for bone fracture in this region were identified. Thirty eight plant species belonging to 24 families have been documented in the present study. Highest number of species representation is found in families Euphorbiaceae and Fabaceae. The habit of the species showed that 45% of the herbal drugs were obtained from trees, followed by herbs, shrubs and climbers and majority of plants used were collected from wild (76%). The stem or stem bark (33%) was most commonly used plant part to prepare medicine. Twenty six formulations of 30 plant species were directly used in treating bone fracture, where Cissus quadrangularis has the highest use-value (0.14). Eleven plants were found to be administered for bone strengthening, pain relieving, inflammation reduction and speedy recovery and Gmelina arborea has the highest use value (0.27). The results indicated the importance of traditional herbal practices in community for their health needs. Both conservational strategies and further validation studies are the need

  3. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different prefabricated esthetic posts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccari, Paulo C A; Conceição, Ewerton N; Nunes, Mauro F

    2003-01-01

    This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of composition of prefabricated esthetic posts in fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth in vitro. Thirty human, single-rooted teeth (maxillary central incisors and canines) with similar root dimensions, extracted for therapeutic reasons, were used in this study. The crowns were removed below the cementoenamel junction to obtain a standard root length of 17 mm. The roots were endodontically treated following the conventional manual technique and randomly assigned to three groups (n = 10) according to the post used: Aestheti-Post, Bisco, Schaumberg, Illinois; FibreKor Post, Jeneric/Pentron, Wallingford, Connecticut; and CosmoPost, Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein. The root canals were rendered patent, and the root preparations were standardized through flaring with the manufacturers' drills included in the respective kits. The posts were cemented with an adhesive system and a resin cement (All-Bond 2 and C&B, Bisco, respectively), according to the manufacturers' directions. Composite resin (Tetric Ceram, Ivoclar Vivadent) crowns were built up using a preformed polyester matrix, and the specimens were mounted in metallic rings with cold-cure acrylic resin and kept in saline solution at 4 degrees C for 24 hours. Fracture resistance was then determined using an EMIC DL-2000 universal testing machine. The crosshead speed was 0.5 mm/min with the 45-degree compressing load at the middle third of the crown. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test (p crowns.

  4. Vibration Testing Procedures for Bone Stiffness Assessment in Fractures Treated with External Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattei, Lorenza; Longo, Antonia; Di Puccio, Francesca; Ciulli, Enrico; Marchetti, Stefano

    2017-04-01

    A bone healing assessment is crucial for the successful treatment of fractures, particularly in terms of the timing of support devices. However, in clinical practice, this assessment is only made qualitatively through bone manipulation and X-rays, and hence cannot be repeated as often as might be required. The present study reconsiders the quantitative method of frequency response analysis for healing assessments, and specifically for fractures treated with an external fixator. The novelty consists in the fact that bone excitation and response are achieved through fixator pins, thus overcoming the problem of transmission through soft-tissues and their damping effect. The main objective was to develop and validate a test procedure in order to characterize the treated bone. More than 80 tests were performed on a tibia phantom alone, a phantom with pins, and a phantom with a complete fixator. Different excitation techniques and input-output combinations were compared. The results demonstrated the effectiveness of a procedure based on impact tests using a micro-hammer. Pins and fixator were demonstrated to influence the frequency response of the phantom by increasing the number of resonant frequencies. This procedure will be applied in future studies to monitor healing both in in vitro and in vivo conditions.

  5. Conservative interventions for treating middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenza, Mário; Faloppa, Flávio

    2016-12-15

    Clavicle (collarbone) fractures account for around 4% of all fractures. Most (76%) clavicle fractures involve the middle-third section of the clavicle. Treatment of these fractures is usually non-surgical (conservative). Commonly used treatments are arm slings, strapping and figure-of-eight bandages.This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009 and updated in 2014. To evaluate the effects (benefits and harms) of different methods for conservative (non-operative) treatment for acute (treated soon after injury) middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (from 1966), Embase (from 1980), LILACS (from 1982), trial registers, orthopaedic proceedings and reference lists of articles. We applied no language or publication restrictions. The date of the last search was 5 January 2016. Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials testing conservative interventions for treating adolescents and adults with acute middle third clavicle fractures. The primary outcomes were shoulder function or disability, pain and treatment failure. For this update, two review authors selected eligible trials, independently assessed risk of bias and cross-checked data extraction. We calculated risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals for dichotomous variables, and mean differences and 95% confidence intervals for continuous variables. There was very limited pooling of data. We included four trials in this review with 416 participants, who were aged 14 years or above. One new trial was included in this update.Very low quality evidence was available from three trials (296 participants) that compared the figure-of-eight bandage with an arm sling for treating acute middle third clavicle fractures. The three trials were underpowered and compromised by poor methodology. Shoulder function was assessed in different ways in the

  6. Evaluation of methods and timing in nail dynamisation for treating delayed healing femoral shaft fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Kui-Chou; Tong, Kwok-Man; Lin, Yu-Min; Loh, El-Wui; Hsu, Cheng-En

    2012-10-01

    Dynamisation is a simple method for treating femoral shaft fractures (FSFs) in patients with delayed healing after intramedullary nailing. However, only around half of patients with a slow-healing FSF have been successfully treated with this strategy. Although it is thought that dynamisation with a screw preserved in the dynamic locking hole improves treatment outcome in these patients, to date, no studies have demonstrated empirical evidence supporting this technique. In this study, we investigated the effects of dynamisation with and without rotation and length control as well as timing of dynamisation on treatment outcomes in FSF patients with delayed healing. Thirty-nine consecutive acute FSF patients with static locking intramedullary nails who subsequently underwent dynamisation were recruited between January 2000 and June 2011. The indication for dynamisation was the presence of gap caused by bone absorption or over-traction at the fracture site when the locking screws were placed. Age, gender, dynamisation method, fracture classification, duration from nail insertion to dynamisation (i.e., timing of dynamisation) and dynamisation outcome were included in the statistical analysis. Patients whose nail was dynamised with a screw preserved in the dynamic locking hole had a significantly higher successful bone union rate (14/15 vs. 14/24, p=0.028) compared with those with all screws removed from one end of the nail. The patients treated in 10-24 weeks had a significantly increased chance of bone union than those treated after 24 weeks (p=0.027). A significantly higher bone union rate (p=0.036) was observed in 10-24 weeks (83.3%) than after 24 weeks (33.3%) in the group of dynamisation with all screws removed from one end of the nail. No statistical difference in bone union success rate was found between patients at 10-24 weeks and after 24 weeks in the group of dynamisation with a screw preserved in the dynamic locking hole. There were no significant differences

  7. The use of intravenous bisphosphonate therapy to treat vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis among boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbrocchi, A M; Rauch, F; Jacob, P; McCormick, A; McMillan, H J; Matzinger, M A; Ward, L M

    2012-11-01

    The impact of intravenous bisphosphonate treatment to treat painful vertebral fractures in boys with DMD has not been documented. In this retrospective observational study of seven boys, 2 years of intravenous bisphosphonate therapy was associated with back pain improvement and stabilization or increases in the height ratios of fractured vertebrae. Boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are at risk for vertebral fractures. We studied the impact of intravenous bisphosphonate therapy for the treatment of painful vertebral fractures in DMD. This was a retrospective observational study in seven boys with DMD (median 11.6 years, range 8.5 to 14.3) treated with intravenous pamidronate (9 mg/kg/year) or zoledronic acid (0.1 mg/kg/year) for painful vertebral fractures. At baseline, 27 vertebral fractures were evident in the seven boys. After 2 years of bisphosphonate therapy, 17 of the fractures had an increase in the most severely affected vertebral height ratio, 10 vertebrae stabilized, and none showed a decrease in height ratio. Back pain resolved completely (N = 3) or improved (N = 4). The median change in lumbar spine volumetric bone mineral density Z-score was 0.5 standard deviations (interquartile range, -0.3 to 1.7). Two boys had three incident vertebral fractures in previously normal vertebral bodies that developed over the observation period. There was a decline in the trabecular bone formation rate on trans-iliac bone biopsy but no evidence of osteomalacia. First-dose side effects included fever and malaise (N = 4), hypocalcemia (N = 2), and vomiting (N = 1); there were no side effects with subsequent infusions. Intravenous bisphosphonate therapy was associated with improvements in back pain and stabilization to improvement in vertebral height ratios of previously fractured vertebral bodies. At the same time, such therapy does not appear to completely prevent the development of new vertebral fractures in this context.

  8. Infection rate in mandibular angle fractures treated with a 2.0-mm 8-hole curved strut plate.

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    Bui, Peter; Demian, Nagi; Beetar, Patrick

    2009-04-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the rate of postoperative infection and the efficacy of removing teeth in the line of mandibular angle fractures treated with 2.0-mm 8-hole titanium curved strut plates. Our understanding is that this method of repair is currently being used only in a few centers in the United States. A retrospective review of mandibular angle fractures treated with a 2.0-mm 8-hole strut plate during a 4-year period. Postoperative antibiotics were given for 1 week. Follow-up appointments were 4 weeks or longer. A nonchewing diet was instructed for 6 weeks. Data for all selected patients include the information such as age, gender, etiology of injuries, medical history, concurrent injuries, nerve deficits, pre- and postoperative antibiotic administration, postop infection, a presence or absence of teeth in the line of fractures, and whether these teeth were removed. Four patients (4 of 49 or 8.2%) developed infections. Two of those patients had a tooth in the line of a fracture that was retained (2 of 14 or 14%). The third had a tooth in the line of a fracture that was extracted (1 of 18 or 5.6%). The fourth patient was 1 of the 17 patients who did not have teeth in the line of fracture and developed infection (1 of 17 or 5.9%). None of the patients developed failed hardware, malunion, nonunion, malocclusion, or iatrogenic nerve injury. The use of a 2.0-mm 8-hole strut plate is associated with a low infection rate (8.2%). The infection rate for those mandibular angle fractures with teeth in the line of fracture retained was 14% compared with 5.6% for those fractures with the teeth in the line of fracture extracted.

  9. [Plate Osteosynthesis of Distal Ulna Fractures with Associated Distal Radius Fractures Treated by Open Reduction and Internal Fixation. Short-Term Functional and Radiographic Results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meluzinová, P; Kopp, L; Dráč, P; Edelmann, K; Obruba, P

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to describe the indication criteria and operative technique and to present the first conclusions of a prospective study dealing with an assessment of functional and radiographic findings in patients with concurrent fractures of the distal ulna and distal radius; the former was treated by osteosynthesis using an LCP Distal Ulna Plate (De Puy Synthes, USA) and the latter by plate osteosynthesis. Between August 2013 and September 2014, 18 patients (3 men and 15 women; average age, 58 years; range, 25-74 years) with a fracture of the distal ulna and a concurrent distal radius fracture were treated by plate osteosynthesis. The indications for surgery included displaced ulnar styloid base fractures in 10 patients, displaced comminuted fractures of the ulnar head in seven patients and a subcapital fracture of the ulna in one patient. The average follow-up was 9 months, with 13 (72%) patients being followed up for 6 months at least. The outcome of surgery was evaluated on the basis of X-ray views and multiplanar reconstruction of CT scans. Functional results were based on measuring the range of motion at wrist and forearm and hand grip strength and on the scores obtained from the Mayo Wrist Score System and Quick DASH Questionnaire. The average values for wrist and forearm range of motion were as follows: 68° in flexion (60-80°), 71° in extension (40- 90°), 87° in pronation (70-90°), 81° in supination (50-90°). This corresponded to a 92% (74-100%) range of motion at the contralateral wrist and forearm. The average hand grip strength measured with a dynamometer was 80.6% (53-100%) of the gripping force exerted by the unaffected extremity. Post-operative X-ray and CT findings showed good reduction of both distal radius and distal ulna fractures as well as good fragment retention by means of LCP implants. During follow-up complete bone union and full stability of the radioulnar joint were achieved in all patients. The functional outcome of

  10. Midface fractures surgically treated in Instituto Traumatológico of Santiago (Chile): A 10 years review.

    OpenAIRE

    Cristóbal Pacheco; Sebastián Zapata; Cristián Núñez

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Maxillofacial fractures are associated with high morbidity, loss of function, aesthetics and psychological sequelae and substancial economical costs for surgical treatment. The incidence and the prevalence of maxillofacial trauma have been reported in many countries, with differences being found between studies due to sociocultural factors. Our aim is to describe the frequency of surgically treated midface fractures in Instituto Traumatologico of Santiago, Chile.Materials and Me...

  11. Normal skeletal development and imaging pitfalls of the calcaneal apophysis: MRI features

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    Rossi, Ignacio [Musculoskeletal Research Fellow at NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Centro de Diagnostico Dr. Enrique Rossi, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Rosenberg, Zehava [NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Zember, Jonathan [Albert Einstein College of Medicine Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY (United States)

    2016-04-15

    Heel pain in children and secondary MR imaging (MRI) of the hindfoot have been increasing in incidence. Our purpose is to illustrate the, previously unreported, MRI stages in development of the posterior calcaneal apophysis, with attention to imaging pitfalls. This should aid in distinguishing normal growth from true disease. Consecutive ankle MRIs in children <18 years, from 2008-2014, were subdivided into 0≤5, 5≤10, 10≤15 and 15≤18 age groups and retrospectively reviewed for development of the calcaneal apophysis. 204 ankle MRI studies in 188 children were identified. 40 studies were excluded with final cohort of 164 studies in 154 patients (82 boys, 72 girls). The calcaneal apophysis was cartilaginous until age 5. Foci of decreased as well as increased signal were embedded in cartilage, prior to ossification. Early, secondary ossification centers appeared in plantar third of the apophysis in 100 % of children by age 7. Increased T2 signal in the ossifications was seen in 30 % of children. Apohyseal fusion began at 12 and was complete in 78 % of 14≤15 year olds and in 88 % of 15≤18 year olds. Curvilinear low signal in the ossification centers, paralleling, but distinguished from growth plate, and not be confused with fracture line, was common. Development of the posterior calcaneus follows a unique sequence. Apophyseal fusion occurs earlier than reported in the literature. Familiarity with this maturation pattern, in particular the apophyseal increased T2 signal and the linear low signal paralleling the growth plate, will avoid misinterpreting it for pathology. (orig.)

  12. Surgical Strategy and Techniques for Low-Profile Dorsal Plating in Treating Dorsally Displaced Unstable Distal Radius Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Yoshitaka; Gotani, Hiroyuki; Hibino, Naohito; Tanaka, Yoshitaka; Satoh, Ryousuke; Sasaki, Kousuke; Kanchanathepsak, Thepparat

    2017-05-01

    Background The low-profile dorsal locking plating (DLP) technique is useful for treating dorsally comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures; however, due to the complications associated with DLP, the technique is not widely used. Methods A retrospective review of 24 consecutive cases treated with DLP were done. Results All cases were classified into two types by surgical strategy according to the fracture pattern. In type 1, there is a volar fracture line distal to the watershed line in the dorsally displaced fragment, and this type is treated by H-framed DLP. In type 2, the displaced dorsal die-punch fragment is associated with a minimally displaced styloid shearing fracture or a transverse volar fracture line. We found that the die-punch fragment was reduced by the buttress effect of small l-shaped DLP after stabilization of the styloid shearing for the volar segment by cannulated screws from radial styloid processes. At 6 months after surgery, outcomes were good or excellent based on the modified Mayo wrist scores with no serious complications except one case. The mean range of motion of each type was as follows: the palmar flexion was 50, 65 degrees, dorsiflexion was 70, 75 degrees, supination was 85, 85 degrees, and pronation was 80, 80 degrees; in type 1 and 2, respectively. Conclusion DLP is a useful technique for the treatment of selected cases of dorsally displaced, comminuted intra-articular fractures of the distal radius with careful soft tissue coverage.

  13. Influence of ferrule preparation with or without glass fiber post on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth

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    Alexandra Furtado de Lima

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of ferrule preparation (Fp on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth, restored with composite resin cores with or without glass fiber posts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four bovine teeth were sectioned 19 or 17 mm (2 mm ferrule from the apex, endodontically treated and assigned to four groups (n = 11: Group 1: Fp and post; Group 2: Fp and without post; Group 3: without Fp and with post; Group 4: without Fp and without post. All specimens were restored with composite resin core and metal crown. Specimens were subjected to fracture resistance testing in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05. RESULTS: The mean fracture resistance values were as follows: Group 1: 573.3 N; Group 2: 552.5 N; Group 3: 275.3 N; Group 4: 258.6 N. Significantly higher fracture resistance was found for the groups with Fp (p<0.001. CONCLUSION: There was no statistically significant interaction between the "Fp" and "post" factors (p = 0.954. The ferrule preparation increased the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. However, the use of glass fiber post showed no significant influence on the fracture resistance.

  14. Influence of ferrule preparation with or without glass fiber post on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Alexandra Furtado de; Spazzin, Aloísio Oro; Galafassi, Daniel; Correr-Sobrinho, Lourenço; Carlini-Júnior, Bruno

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the effect of ferrule preparation (Fp) on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth, restored with composite resin cores with or without glass fiber posts. Forty-four bovine teeth were sectioned 19 or 17 mm (2 mm ferrule) from the apex, endodontically treated and assigned to four groups (n = 11): Group 1: Fp and post; Group 2: Fp and without post; Group 3: without Fp and with post; Group 4: without Fp and without post. All specimens were restored with composite resin core and metal crown. Specimens were subjected to fracture resistance testing in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests (α=0.05). The mean fracture resistance values were as follows: Group 1: 573.3 N; Group 2: 552.5 N; Group 3: 275.3 N; Group 4: 258.6 N. Significantly higher fracture resistance was found for the groups with Fp (ppost" factors (p = 0.954). The ferrule preparation increased the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. However, the use of glass fiber post showed no significant influence on the fracture resistance.

  15. Should lower limb fractures be treated surgically in patients with chronic spinal injuries? Experience in a reference centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrera-Ochoa, S; Haddad, S; Rodríguez-Alabau, S; Teixidor, J; Tomás, J; Molero, V

    To report the outcomes of surgical treatment of lower limb fractures in patients with chronic spinal cord injuries. A total of 37 lower limb fractures were treated from 2003 to 2010, of which 25 fractures were treated surgically and 12 orthopaedically. Patients of the surgical group had better clinical results, range of motion, bone consolidation, and less pressure ulcers and radiological misalignment. No differences were detected between groups in terms of pain, hospital stay, and medical complications. There is no currently consensus regarding the management of lower limb fractures in patients with chronic spinal cord injuries, but the trend has been conservative treatment due to the high rate of complications in surgical treatment. Chronic spinal cord injuries patients with lower limb fractures who are treated surgically achieved a more reliable consolidation, practically a free range of motion, low rate of cutaneous complications, and pain associated with the fracture. This allows a quick return to the previous standard of living, and should be considered as an alternative to orthopaedic treatment in these patients. Copyright © 2016 SECOT. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Resistance to fracture of crowned endodontically treated premolars restored with ceramic and metal post systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nissan, Joseph; Parson, Alex; Barnea, Eitan; Shifman, Arie; Assif, David

    2007-02-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the resistance to fracture of crowned endodontically treated premolars with varying ceramic and metal post systems under simulated occlusal load. The study consisted of 60 extracted intact premolars with similar root diameter and length. Teeth were divided equally into 4 groups (n = 15) and prepared for posts and cast crowns as follows: group 1 = preformed metal post, composite core, and cast crown; group 2 = cast post and core and cast crown; group 3 = zirconia post, composite core, and cast crown; and group 4 = zirconia post and heat-pressed ceramic core and cast crown. All prepared teeth had 2 mm of sound dentin on which the cast crowns were cemented. A continuous load (kg) was applied by an Instron testing machine to the buccal cusp at a 30-degree angle to the long axis of each tooth at a crosshead speed of 2 mm/min until failure. One-way analysis of variance with Scheffe test was used to statistically compare the differences between groups. Mean failure loads (in newtons) for the 4 test groups were as follows: 1,103.3 (group 1), 1,234.5 (group 2), 826.6 (group 3), and 870.6 (group 4). No significant difference in failure load values was found among all tested groups (F[3,59] = 2.05; P >.05). The primary mode of failure (85%) in all groups was an oblique radicular fracture, either apical to the post or at the post level. Horizontal fracture (15% to 20%) of the root and post was found in groups 3 and 4. Within the limitations of this study, varying ceramic and metal post systems did not affect the failure resistance of teeth restored with full-coverage cast metal crowns, under simulated occlusal load.

  17. Inguinal Abnormalities in Male Patients with Acetabular Fractures Treated Using an Ilioinguinal Exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Firoozabadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Surgeons performing an ilioinguinal exposure for acetabular fracture surgery need to be aware of aberrant findings such as inguinal hernias and spermatic cord lesions. The purpose of this study is to report these occurrences in a clinical series of adult males undergoing acetabular fracture fixation and a series of adult male cadavers. The secondary aim is to characterize these abnormalities to aid surgeons in detecting these abnormalities preoperatively and coordinating a surgical plan with a general surgeon.Methods: Clinical study- Retrospective review of treated acetabular fractures through an ilioinguinal approach. Incidence of inguinal canal and spermatic cord abnormalities requiring general surgery consultation were identified. Corresponding CT scans were reviewed and radiographic characteristics of the spermatic cord abnormalities and/or hernias were noted.Cadaveric study- 18 male cadavers dissected bilaterally using an ilioinguinal exposure. The inguinal canal and the contents of the spermatic cord were identified and characterized.Results: Clinical Study- 5.7% (5/87 of patients had spermatic cord lesion and/or inguinal hernia requiring general surgical intervention. Preoperative pelvic CT scan review identified abnormalities noted intraoperatively in four of the five patients. Cord lipomas visualized as enlargements of the spermatic cord with homogeneous density. Hernias visualized as enlarged spermatic cords with heterogeneous density. Cadaver Study- 31% (11/36 of cadavers studied had spermatic cord and/or inguinal canal abnormalities. Average cord diameter in those with abnormalities was 24.9 mm (15-28 compared to 16 mm (11-22 in normal cords, which was statistically significant.Conclusion: The clinical and cadaveric findings emphasize the importance of understanding inguinal abnormalities and the value of detecting them preoperatively. The preoperative pelvic CT scans were highly sensitive in detecting inguinal abnormalities.

  18. The effect of tranexamic acid on hidden bleeding in older intertrochanteric fracture patients treated with PFNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Shuwei; Shen, Zheyuan; Liu, Yang; Zhang, Yanlong; Peng, Aqin

    2018-02-02

    To investigate the effect of tranexamic acid (TXA) on hidden bleeding in older intertrochanteric fracture patients treated with intramedullary nails. Between January 2016 and January 2017, 100 cases of intertrochanteric fractures eligible for the study were treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in our hospital. All patients were divided into two groups of 50 patients each: the TXA group and a blank control group. In the TXA group, all patients received TXA at a dose of 10 mg/kg -1 intravenously, 10 min preoperatively and 5 h postoperatively. The control group did not receive TXA. We recorded the volume of intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage, and the need for postoperative blood transfusion and transfusion volume for all patients. Blood routine examination was performed on the day of surgery and 2 days postoperatively. We calculated the total blood loss and hidden blood loss in the two groups separately according to the Gross equation. All patients underwent deep vein ultrasound of the lower limbs preoperatively and 1 week postoperatively to detect thrombosis. Compared with controls, patients in the TXA group had lower: overt bleeding (50.59 ml; p = .012), total blood loss (181.58 ml; p = .005), hidden blood loss (130.64 ml; p = .037), volume of blood transfusion (110.0 ml; p = .019), and 20% lower transfusion rate compared with the control group. Patients receiving short-nail fixation had significantly lower hidden blood loss compared with patients receiving long-nail fixation (p < .05). However, we found no statistically significant difference in the incidence of deep vein thrombosis in the lower limbs between the two groups (p = .938). TXA significantly reduced hidden blood loss in older intertrochanteric fracture patients treated with intramedullary nails without an increased risk of thrombosis in lower limb deep veins. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Effects of a training program after surgically treated ankle fracture: a prospective randomised controlled trial

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    Ekdahl Charlotte S

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite conflicting results after surgically treated ankle fractures few studies have evaluated the effects of different types of training programs performed after plaster removal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-week standardised but individually suited training program (training group versus usual care (control group after plaster removal in adults with surgically treated ankle fractures. Methods In total, 110 men and women, 18-64 years of age, with surgically treated ankle fracture were included and randomised to either a 12-week training program or to a control group. Six and twelve months after the injury the subjects were examined by the same physiotherapist who was blinded to the treatment group. The main outcome measure was the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS which rates symptoms and subjectively scored function. Secondary outcome measures were: quality of life (SF-36, timed walking tests, ankle mobility tests, muscle strength tests and radiological status. Results 52 patients were randomised to the training group and 58 to the control group. Five patients dropped out before the six-month follow-up resulting in 50 patients in the training group and 55 in the control group. Nine patients dropped out between the six- and twelve-month follow-up resulting in 48 patients in both groups. When analysing the results in a mixed model analysis on repeated measures including interaction between age-group and treatment effect the training group demonstrated significantly improved results compared to the control group in subjects younger than 40 years of age regarding OMAS (p = 0.028, muscle strength in the plantar flexors (p = 0.029 and dorsiflexors (p = 0.030. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that when adjusting for interaction between age-group and treatment effect the training model employed in this study was superior to usual care in patients under the age of 40. However, as only three

  20. Incidence and MR imaging features of fractures of the anterior process of calcaneus in a consecutive patient population with ankle and foot symptoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ouellette, H.; Salamipour, H.; Thomas, B.J.; Kassarjian, A.; Torriani, M. [Division of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2006-11-15

    To determine the incidence, appearances and associated injuries of fractures affecting the anterior process of calcaneus from a general population with foot and ankle symptoms. A retrospective review of foot and ankle MR imaging procedures was performed for detection of cases with a fracture affecting the anterior process of calcaneus over a four year period. Radiographs, MR imaging studies, radiology reports, medical records, and operative notes were reviewed. Imaging analysis included fracture pattern, displacement, associated fractures, and presence of tendon and ligamentous injuries. The incidence of anterior process of calcaneus fracture on MR imaging was 0.5% (14/2577). Fractures were more common in female subjects (71%, 10/14). Fracture orientation was predominantly vertical (93%, 13/14). No comminuted fractures were seen and only three fractures were displaced. Three of the eight MR imaging evident fractures of anterior process of calcaneus were seen on radiographs. Associated fractures of the talus (n=5), navicular bone (n=3), cuboid (n=2), and calcaneal body (n=1) were noted. Associated injuries to the anterior talofibular ligament (n=3) and tears of the peroneus brevis (n=3) and peroneus longus (n=1) tendons were present. All fractures were treated non-operatively. Two patients had subtalar joint steroid injection for symptomatic relief.

  1. Diagnosis of vertical root fracture in endodontically treated teeth using computed tomography

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    Chih-Chia Huang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Vertical root fracture (VRF is defined as a root fracture in the longitudinal direction, extending from the root to the crown on facial or lingual surfaces. Most VRFs occur in endodontically treated teeth, and the symptoms are similar to those of chronic apical periodontitis or chronic periodontitis. Diagnosing VRF with periapical radiography is difficult. Conversely, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT provides three-dimensional images and is better at diagnosing VRF than periapical radiography. Therefore, dentists should know how to operate CBCT to obtain clear images and reduce image artifact interferences, thus achieving higher diagnostic accuracy. CBCT imaging includes acquisition configuration, image detection, image reconstruction, and image display. We retrospectively examined four human studies and 19 in vitro studies and focused on certain imaging parameters: field of view selection, voxel size, proper detectors, different image processing methods, and the influence of posts on clear image acquisition. Finally, we discuss the experimental design faults in the reviewed in vitro studies and suggest improvements for future CBCT techniques to achieve higher VRF diagnostic accuracy.

  2. Characteristic calcaneal ossification: an additional early radiographic finding in infants with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawa, Sachi [Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya, Aichi (Japan); Victoria, Teresa [Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Kayserili, Huelya [Koc University School of Medicine (KUSOM), Medical Genetics Department, Istanbul (Turkey); Zackai, Elaine [Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Medical Genetics, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Nishimura, Gen; Haga, Nobuhiko; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Miyazaki, Osamu [The Research Committee on Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva, Tokyo (Japan); Kitoh, Hiroshi [Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya, Aichi (Japan); The Research Committee on Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva, Tokyo (Japan)

    2016-10-15

    We have clinically encountered children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva who had abnormal calcaneal ossification. To evaluate whether calcaneal ossification variants are significant radiographic findings in children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Lateral feet radiographs in nine children who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva were reviewed. The studies were obtained during infancy or early childhood. Fourteen lateral foot radiographs of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva were available for this study (ages at examination: 1-104 months). Four children ages 2 months to 11 months showed double calcaneal ossification centers; 7 children had plantar calcaneal spurs that decreased in size with age. Overall, eight of nine children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva demonstrated double calcaneal ossifications and/or plantar calcaneal spurs in infancy or childhood. Double calcaneal ossification centers in early infancy and plantar calcaneal spurs in childhood are frequently seen in children with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva and may be a useful radiologic indicator for early diagnosis. (orig.)

  3. [Complications of volar locking plates used to treat distal radius fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzberg, G; Marc, A; Burnier, M

    2016-12-01

    About 10 years after volar locking plates were introduced to treat acute distal radius fractures, several papers have reported short-term complications. The aim of this paper was to report our complication rate over a 2-year period and to compare it to the literature. We found similar complication rates despite different classification systems. Because of the prospective nature of our study, we were able to demonstrate that extra-articular and/or intra-articular scores exceeding 8 points on a 12-points scale were statistically associated with more complications, irrespective of the patient's overall health and age. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  4. UNSTABLE INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURE IN ELDERLY TREATED WITH CEMENTED BIPOLAR HEMIARTHROPLASTY AND TROCHANTERIC RECONSTRUCTION

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    Jagadeesh Kumar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION : Unstable inter - trochanteric fracture in the geriatric population is a common injury and is associated with poor bone quality, excessive collapse, loss of fixation, and cut - out of the lag screw, are the common problems of attempts to fix these fractures. Pr esent study is an attempt to evaluate the functional outcome of primary cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty and trochanter reconstruction in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHOD S : This prospective study included 30 cases of elderly osteoporotic patients with mean age of 65.4 years who sustained comminuted inter - trochanteric femur fracture treated with cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty& tension band wiring for greater trochanter rec onstruction. It is an essential technical step to avoid complication like abductor lurch gait. W e here describe a technique of reconstruction and fixation of greater trochanter using tension band wiring in figure of eight pattern. The patients were followe d up at six week, three month, six month and one year postoperatively and assessed using Harris Hip Score (HHS. RESULTS : The mean HHS score was was 85.6+SD 9.5 (range from 74 to 96. B y the end of one year. The main clinical measures were early post - opera tive full weight bearing, post - operative complication & functional outcome. The time to full weight bearing, the rate of post - operative complications & functional outcome was significantly better in cemented bipolar arthroplasty group . DISCUSSION : The chan ges in HHS up to six months periods are much greater which starts showing a stable trend thereafter. Fair to good scores were observed in all the patients. The purpose of its use was that while Harris Hip Score (HHS provides information on a multitude of factors. Superficial infection in 2 patients, anterior thigh pain in a patient, shortening less than 2cms in 2 patients, abductor lurch in a patient are the complications noted in post - operative period, but no patient required

  5. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated permanent anterior teeth restored with three different esthetic post systems: An in vitro study

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    Ameet J Kurthukoti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Esthetic coronal reconstruction of fractured anterior teeth is often performed using intra radicular posts. Most of the commonly used commercially esthetic post systems do not exhibit similar physical properties as dentin resulting in failures. Aim: To evaluate and compare the fracture resistance and mode of failure of simulated traumatized permanent central incisors restored with three different post systems including biologic dentin posts. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 recently extracted human maxillary central incisors with similar dimensions were decoronated 2 mm above the cemento-enamel junction and endodontically treated. Ten specimens were randomly selected as the Group I - Control group (core built teeth without intraradicular posts. The remaining 30 teeth were equally divided and restored with zirconia (Group II, n = 10, fiber re-inforced composite (FRC (Group III, n = 10 and biologic dentin posts (Group IV, n = 10 using resin bonded cement and their cores built-up. These samples were embedded in acrylic resin and then secured in a Universal Testing Machine and subjected to fracture resistance testing. The location of failure in the specimens was evaluated using a stereomicroscope. Results: Intergroup comparison revealed that the control group and zirconia post group (522 ± 110 N demonstrated the least fracture resistance, while dentin post group (721 ± 127 N the highest. There was no statistically significant difference between fiber post and dentin post groups. Fractures that were repairable were observed in fiber post and dentin post groups, whereas mostly unrestorable, catastrophic fractures were observed in the zirconia post group. Conclusion: Teeth restored with the biologic dentin post system demonstrated the highest fracture resistance and repairable fractures, closely followed by FRC post system. The least fracture resistance and most catastrophic fractures were demonstrated by the zirconia post system.

  6. The effect of post-core and ferrule on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated maxillary central incisors

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    Sendhilnathan Dakshinamurthy

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the effect of post reinforcement, post type and ferrule on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated maxillary central incisors. Materials and Methods: Sixty central incisor teeth were selected and grouped into six groups, viz. A, B, C, D, E, and F, each consisting of 10 specimens. Group A specimens were not subjected to any restorative treatment. Group B specimens were endodontically treated and crowned. Specimens of groups C and D were restored with custom cast post and core. Specimens of groups E and F were treated with prefabricated titanium post and composite core. Specimens of groups C and E were restored with porcelain-fused metal (PFM crown having 2 mm ferrule. Specimens of groups D and F were restored with PFM crown having no ferrule. All the specimens were subjected to load (newton, N on the lingual surface at a 135° angle to the long axis with a universal testing machine until it fractured. The fracture load and mode of fracture of each specimen were noted. One-way analysis of variance with Tukey honestly significant difference procedure was employed to identify the significant difference among the groups at 5% level (P < 0.05. Results: There were significant differences among the six groups studied (P < 0.0001. The highest fracture strength was recorded with specimen of group C (1376.7 N. There were significant differences between groups A and D versus groups B, E, and F. There were no significant differences between groups B, E, and F. Cervical root fracture was the predominant mode of failure in all the groups except group A. Conclusion: The results showed that endodontically treated teeth restored with custom cast post core were as strong as the untreated group. Teeth restored with custom cast post core were better resistant to fracture than teeth restored with prefabricated titanium post and composite core. Ferrule is more important in custom cast post core than in prefabricated post and composite core.

  7. Fractures and fracture-dislocations of the proximal humerus: A retrospective analysis of 82 cases treated with the Philos(®) locking plate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erasmo, Rocco; Guerra, Giovanni; Guerra, Luigi

    2014-12-01

    To present the experience in a single institution of the management of 82 consecutive fractures and fracture-dislocations of the proximal humerus treated with the Proximal Humeral Internal Locking System (Philos(®)) plate. A total of 81 patients with 82 proximal humerus fractures (one patient had bilateral fracture) were treated at our institution with open reduction and internal fixation with Philos(®) plate from January 2008 to December 2012 and the clinico-radiological outcome was analysed. Twelve of these patients also had a dislocation of the proximal humerus. According to the Neer classification, there were seven two-part fractures, 40 three-part fractures and 35 four-part fractures. All patients received a similar physical therapy programme following internal fixation. Mean final follow-up was 32 months. Functional outcome was evaluated for each patient using the Constant-Murley score; radiographic evaluation was also conducted and complications were recorded. At the end of the follow-up period, the mean Constant-Murley score for the injured side was 75 points (range 42-92); results were graded as excellent for eight patients, good for 52, moderate for 17 and poor for five. Twenty-three patients (28%) had complications during the follow-up period. Reoperation was required in 12 patients. Complications included avascular necrosis of the humeral head in 10 patients (12%), varus positioning of the head in four patients (4.8%), impingement syndrome in three patients (3.6%), secondary screw perforation in three patients (3.6%), non-union of the fracture in two patients (2.4%) and infection in one patient (1.2%). Open reduction and internal fixation of proximal humeral fractures with the Philos(®) plate was associated with good clinical outcomes provided the correct surgical technique was used. To better evaluate the real incidence of complications, it is important to follow patients for more than one year after surgery as some complications may arise after

  8. Survival rates against fracture of endodontically treated posterior teeth restored with full-coverage crowns or resin composite restorations: a systematic review

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Warattama Suksaphar; Danuchit Banomyong; Titalee Jirathanyanatt; Yaowaluk Ngoenwiwatkul

    2017-01-01

    This systematic review aims to summarize the current clinical studies that investigated survival rates against fracture of endodontically treated posterior teeth restored with crowns or resin composite restorations...

  9. Fracture severity of distal radius fractures treated with locking plating correlates with limitations in ulnar abduction and inferior health-related quality of life

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    Tsitsilonis, Serafim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction/background: The operative treatment of distal radius fractures has significantly increased after the introduction of locking plates. The aim of the present study was the evaluation of health-related quality of life, functional and radiological outcome of patients with distal radius fractures treated with the locking compression plate (LCP.Materials and methods: In the present study 128 patients (130 fractures that were operatively treated with the LCP (2.4 mm/3.5 mm, Synthes were retrospectively evaluated. Mean follow-up was (SD 10.6. The fractures were radiographically evaluated (radial inclination, palmar tilt, ulnar variance pre-, postoperatively and at the last follow-up visit. Range of motion (ROM was documented. Grip strength was assessed with the use of a JAMAR dynamometer. The score for disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH and the Gartland-Werley score (GWS were evaluated. Health-associated quality of life was assessed with use of SF-36 Health Survey.Results: Postoperative reduction was excellent; at the last follow-up visit only minimal reduction loss was observed. Except for pronation, a statistically significant decrease of ROM was present; in most cases that was not disturbing for the patients. The injured side achieved 83.9% of grip strength of the intact side. Mean DASH was 18.9 and mean GWS was 3.5. Health-associated quality of life was generally not compromised. However, limitations in ulnar abduction correlated with inferior quality of life. Fracture severity correlated with inferior quality of life, despite the absence of correlation with the functional and radiological outcome. Complication rate was low.Conclusions: Fracture severity seems to affect ulnar abduction and therefore patient quality of life, despite almost anatomical reduction; the objective and subjective scores were in most cases excellent. Modern everyday activities, such as keyboard typing, could be associated with the present results.

  10. FAILED PRIMARY TREATMENT OF CALCANEAL FRACTURE. WHAT TO DO?

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    Matej Andoljšek

    2008-02-01

    When conservative treatment fails, operative treatment is indicated in most patients withbone and joint problems. The goals of surgical treatment are pain relief and restoration oftalocalcaneal alignment. In lateral impingement, when subtalar joint and general alignmentof the tuber are preserved, removal of the bulged lateral wall could suffice. In suchcases a corrective osteotomy of the tuber is rarely indicated. In painfull subtalar arthrosisfusion is the only option. Limited fusion is preferable. »In situ« subtalar fusion is advisablein cases without malalignment or deformity. When we have arthrosis and varus/valgusdeformity with preserved height, arthrodesis with corrective osteotomy is indicated. In mostcases, where complex deformity is present, corrective subtalar distraction bone-blockarthrodesis should be done

  11. Swan-shaped bone fixation device made of Ni-Ti shape memory alloy for treating humeral fracture in rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Qing-lin; Zhang, Chun-cai; Gao, Tang-cheng; Xu, Shuo-gui; Ren, Ke

    2003-07-01

    To establish the animal model for treating humeral fracture with swan-shaped bone fixation device made of Ni-Ti shape memory alloy. Models of humeral fractures was established in 30 rabbits and on one side the fracture was fixed with the Ni-Ti shape memory alloy device (SMC side) and on the other with 4-hole dynamic compression plate (DCP side). Anteroposterior radiograph of both humeri were taken at the time points of 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks respectively after operation. All the rabbits survived the experiment and their forelimbs bore obviously less weight than hindlimb. In SMC side, the humeral fracture healed without either osteoporosis or external callus. The fracture healing in DCP side gave rise to obvious external callus formation, and the healing process took significantly longer time than in SMC group. The humerus of rabbit is similar to human humerus in view of their anatomic morphology and biomechanical properties, therefore rabbit humeral fracture models can be ideal for exploring the mechanism of fracture healing induced by the alloy device.

  12. Comparison of fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth using different coronal restorative materials: An in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monga, Prashant; Sharma, Vivek; Kumar, Sukesh

    2009-10-01

    To evaluate the in vitro effect of bonded restorations on the fracture resistance of root canal-treated teeth. One hundred twenty extracted, maxillary, permanent premolars were collected. After preparing the access cavity, the teeth were biomechanically prepared and obturated. Samples were divided into six groups based on the type of restorative material used to restore them. Teeth were embedded in acrylic resin and their fracture strength was measured using a Universal Testing Machine. Data were evaluated statistically using one-way ANOVA-F and unpaired t-test. Teeth restored with bonded amalgam and composite resin showed higher fracture resistance than those restored with conventional amalgam. Fracture strengths of bonded restorations and intact teeth were not statistically different. The results suggested that the group restored with conventional amalgam had the lowest fracture resistance. No statistically significant differences were found between the bonded amalgam and composite resin groups. Conventional amalgam core showed the least fracture resistance whereas; composite resin and bonded amalgam core showed fracture resistance was similar to that of natural tooth.

  13. Crescent fractures of the pelvis treated by open reduction and internal fixation: a critique of Day's guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, K Venugopal; Suresh, S S; Kalyanasundaram, Sivaprasad; Varughese, Jacob

    2017-12-01

    Day's classification and treatment guidelines are considered the gold standard in crescent fractures of the pelvis. The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate 10 surgically treated crescent fractures of the pelvis in the context of Day's recommendations. This is a retrospective cohort study. Ten consecutive cases of crescent fractures that were treated surgically at a level 1 trauma center formed the cohort. Six were operated anteriorly, three posteriorly and one percutaneously. Classification and treatment strategy were compared to Day's guidelines. The minimum follow-up was 13 months. Outcomes were assessed using the modified Majeed's scoring system. Three out of 10 cases were difficult to classify by Day's criteria. There were 4 type I, three type III and no type II cases. Our surgical strategy was independent of Day's recommendations in this series and based on ease of access, ability to restore the sacroiliac joint anatomy and other associated injuries. All the patients were mobilized early and the fractures united without any major incident. The results of these cases were quite good with outcome scores over 67/96. Assigning Day's classification to a given case can be difficult in up to 33% patients with crescent fractures due to the obliquity of the iliac fracture line in axial sections. Sacroiliac articular alignment is the primary factor determining the surgical approach. Besides the fracture configuration, additional factors like delay in surgery, locking of the fracture fragments, comminution of the iliac or sacral fragment as well as access to the additional injuries contribute to the decision making.

  14. Functional outcomes and height restoration for patients with multiple myeloma-related osteolytic vertebral compression fractures treated with kyphoplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julka, Abhishek; Tolhurst, Stephen R; Srinivasan, Ramesh C; Graziano, Gregory P

    2014-08-01

    A retrospective review of pathologic vertebral fractures related to multiple myeloma. To report the functional status and height restoration of 32 patients treated with kyphoplasty for multiple myeloma-related vertebral compression fractures. Multiple myeloma can cause significant bony resorption, and vertebral involvement is extremely common. Compression fractures due to myelomatous vertebral metastases result in significant pain and can lead to kyphosis and sagittal imbalance. Nonoperative treatment can result in deformity and continued pain, and large surgical procedures have significant morbidity. Percutaneous cement augmentation (kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty) is a minimally invasive technique that can improve pain in these patients. Kyphoplasty also has the potential to provide mild deformity correction in addition to fracture stabilization. Study participants were patients with biopsy-proven multiple myeloma presenting with compression fracture treated with kyphoplasty. Data were compiled from patient charts and preoperative and postoperative radiographs. Patient self-reported functional status were obtained through the use of the Oswestry Disability Index. The degree of vertebral body collapse and deformity was evaluated using the method of Genant and analyzed using paired Student t test. Thirty-two consecutive patients who underwent kyphoplasty at a total of 76 levels for myelomatous vertebral compression fractures were identified. Sixteen fractures were at the thoracolumbar junction. The mean age was 64.3 years. The average Genant grade for the involved levels improved from 1.9 preoperative to 1.53 postoperative, which was statistically significant (PKyphoplasty for vertebral compression fractures due to multiple myeloma is a safe and effective procedure that can lead to pain relief and vertebral height restoration.

  15. Repeated Stress Fractures in an Amenorrheic Marathoner: A Case Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, John R.; Nilson, Karen L.

    1989-01-01

    Presents a case conference by 2 experts on the relationship between a 26-year-old marathoner's amenorrhea and her sustained unusual stress fractures in 4 ribs (plus previous similar fractures of the calcaneal, navicular, metatarsal, and tibial bones). The experts conclude that she suffers many manifestations of overtraining. (SM)

  16. Irreducible Atlanto-Axial Dislocation in Neglected Odontoid Fracture Treated with Single Stage Anterior Release and Posterior Instrumented Fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathod, Ashok Keshav; Chaudhary, Kshitij Subhash

    2016-01-01

    It is a well-know fact that type 2 odontoid fractures frequently go into nonunion. If left untreated, patients may develop irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD). We describe the surgical management of two patients with neglected odontoid fractures and irreducible AAD treated with single stage anterior release followed by posterior instrumented fusion. Both patients presented with history of neglected trauma and progressive myelopathy. Traction under anesthesia failed to achieve reduction of AAD. Anterior release was done by trans-oral approach in one patient and retrophayngeal approach in the other. Posterior fixation was performed with transarticular screws in both the patients. Both patients had full neurological recovery and demonstrated fusion at follow-up. Anterior release followed by posterior instrumented correction may be an effective alternative to the traditional means of treating irreducible dislocations associated with neglected odontoid fractures. PMID:27114778

  17. Correlating mode-I fracture toughness and mechanical properties of heat-treated crystalline rocks

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    Mayukh Talukdar

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available For the effect of thermal treatment on the mode-I fracture toughness (FT, three crystalline rocks (two basalts and one tonalite were experimentally investigated. Semi-circular bend specimens of the rocks were prepared following the method suggested by the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM and were treated at various temperatures ranging from room temperature (25 °C to 600 °C. Mode-I FT was correlated with tensile strength (TS, ultrasonic velocities, and Young's modulus (YM. Additionally, petrographic and X-ray diffraction analyses were carried out to find the chemical changes resulting from the heat treatment. Further, scanning electron microscopy (SEM was conducted to observe the micro structural changes when subjected to high temperatures. These experiments demonstrate that heat treatment has a strong negative impact on the FT and mechanical properties of the rocks. From room temperature to 600 °C, mode-I FT values of massive basalt, giant plagioclase basalt, and tonalite were reduced by nearly 52%, 68%, and 64%, respectively. Also, at all temperature levels, FT and mechanical properties are found to be exponentially correlated. However, the exact nature of the relationship mainly depends on rock type. Besides, TS was found to be a better indicator of degradation degree than the mode-I FT. SEM images show that micro crack density and structural disintegration of the mineral grains increase with temperature. These physical changes confirm the observed reduction in the stiffness of heat-treated crystalline rocks.

  18. Epidemiology of fractures in patients from small towns in Ceará treated by the SUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Albuquerque, Ana Lívia Monte; de Sousa Filho, Pedro Guilme Teixeira; Braga Junior, Manuel Bomfim; Cavalcante Neto, José de Sá; de Medeiros, Bárbara Bianca Linhares; Lopes, Marcio Bezerra Gadelha

    2012-01-01

    To scientifically prove the high number of patients with fractures coming from the small towns of the State of Ceará treated with surgery by the SUS (the Brazilian State healthcare system) in Fortaleza. A transversal, prospective, descriptive study was carried out involving 1694 patients treated by the SUS in Fortaleza, from August 2006 to March 2007, in four public hospitals and three private hospitals. 38.78% of the patients came from small towns, and their ages ranged from 1 to 97 years old. The majority were single, male adults. The most common mechanism of injury was traffic accidents, accounting for 30.4% of all the cases. The forearm was the body segment most operated on, corresponding to 19%. These results suggest there is a need for preventive measures, such as public traffic safety awareness campaigns, in order to reduce accidents. We have also verified the importance of investments aimed at developing the Traumatology Emergency services in the small towns of Ceará. Level of evidence II, Transversal, Prospective Study (Lower quality prospective study).

  19. Functional outcome in patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures treated with dorsal instrumentation and transpedicular cancellous bone grafting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leferink, VJM; Keizer, HJE; van der Sluis, CK; ten Duis, HJ

    The aim of the study was to develop an insight into the impairments in spinal fracture patients, operatively treated with an internal fixator, and also into their ability to participate in daily living, return to work and quality of life as defined by the World Health Organization. Nineteen patients

  20. The clinical and radiographical characteristics of zygomatic complex fractures: a comparison between the surgically and non-surgically treated patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salentijn, E.G.; Boverhoff, J.; Heymans, M.W.; van den Bergh, B.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    Background In this retrospective study we evaluated the epidemiological data and the clinical and radiographical differences between surgically and non-surgically treated patients with zygomatic complex fractures at their initial assessment in our clinic over a period of 5 years. More knowledge of

  1. The clinical and radiographical characteristics of zygomatic complex fractures: A comparison between the surgically and non-surgically treated patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salentijn, E.G.; Boverhoff, J.; Heymans, M.W.; van den Bergh, B.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2014-01-01

    Background In this retrospective study we evaluated the epidemiological data and the clinical and radiographical differences between surgically and non-surgically treated patients with zygomatic complex fractures at their initial assessment in our clinic over a period of 5 years. More knowledge of

  2. Open Defective Trapezium Fracture Treated with Local Bone Graft: A Case Report

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    Omer Ersen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Generally fractures of trapezium are uncommon and account for 3-5% of all carpal fractures. About 20% of these are vertical sagittal split fractures and rarely occur isolated. The number of reported cases of open trapezium fractures is few. Open trapezium injuries of thumb are demanding injuries that need accurate restoration of damaged stuructures to gain normal thumb function. Otherwise it results in impairment of funtion due to limitation of motion, pain and weakness of the thumb. In this case report treatment of trapezium fracture with corticocancellous bone grafting from distal radius presented.

  3. Unusual proximal femur fracture in children treated with PHILOS plate and review of literature

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    Mukesh Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fractures of the hip are uncommon in children with incidence is less than 1% in all paediatrics fracture. It requires careful attention because of the incidence of complications is high. There is no consensus over ideal treatment of each group, but there are different options for each group has been described in literature, we report a case of unusual proximal femur fracture in ten-year-old girl which is not described in literature in best of our knowledge. A 10 years old girl was brought to us with pain in right hip joint and inability to bear weight on right lower limb after road traffic accident (child was hit by a car while walking on the road. Evaluated and found to have fracture of proximal femur. fracture was fixed with long PHILOS plate, which united in eight weeks duration, implant was removed at 10 month. At present after 14 months, she is able to perform her routine activities comfortably. and her Harris hip score is 95. We propose to add this type of fracture as 5th type of Delbet's classification as the fracture pattern in my patient was not fitting in any group of Delbet's classification and it belongs to proximal femur group and anatomically this fracture pattern was next to type IV fracture. Uncommon fracture of hip in children can be expected, this type of fracture can be added as 5th type in Delbet's classification. Long term outcome and ideal treatment yet to be described.

  4. [Physiotherapeutic proceeding in symptomatic calcaneal spur treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kociuga, Natalia; Kociuga, Jerzy; Woldańska-Okońska, Marta; Kubsik, Anna

    Calcaneal spur is one of the most common disorders associated with foot pain. According to appearance of pain in each step during the day, it is important to find the most effective method of treatment. This article is a review of medical reports about non-operative treatment method. It shows that ultrasound therapy was the most common physical intervetion used so far, and mostly occurs to be effective. However one of the comparative studies improves higher efficiency of phonopheresis. Another comparative study, shows higher efficiency of combined ultrasound and laser therapy, than exclusive laser therapy. There haven't been found any articles that would evaluate efficacy of electrotherapy and short wave diathermy (electric field) in the treatment of mentioned disorder. Studies that describe the effect of ESWT treatment were also analyzed in this article, and all of them confirm its effectiveness in heel spur therapy, showing no side-effects. Cryotherapy also causes positive effect in treatment of this disorder. However Cryoultrasound therapy that uses the energy of two interconnected terapeutic techniques which is cryotherapy and ultrasounds, proved to be more effective.

  5. Femoral Nerve Catheters Improve Home Disposition and Pain in Hip Fracture Patients Treated With Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsoy, Diren; Huddleston, James I; Amanatullah, Derek F; Giori, Nicholas J; Maloney, William J; Goodman, Stuart B

    2017-11-01

    Opioids have been the mainstay of treatment in the physiologically young geriatric hip fracture patient undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). However opioid-related side effects increase morbidity. Regional anesthesia may provide better analgesia, while decreasing opioid-related side effects. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of perioperative continuous femoral nerve blockade with regards to pain scores, opioid-related side effects and posthospital disposition in hip fracture patients undergoing THA. Twenty-nine consecutive geriatric hip fracture patients (22 women/7 men) underwent THA. Average follow-up was 8.3 months (6 weeks-39 months). Fifteen patients were treated with standard analgesia (SA). Fourteen patients received an ultrasound-guided insertion of a femoral nerve catheter after radiographic confirmation of a hip fracture. All complications and readmissions that occurred within 6 weeks of surgery were noted. Continuous femoral nerve catheter (CFNC) patients were discharged home more frequently than SA patients (43% for CFNC vs 7% for SA; P = .023). CFNC patients reported lower average pain scores preoperatively (P home more frequently. Use of a CFNC decreased daily average patient-reported pain scores, preoperative opioid usage, and opioid-related side effects after THA for hip fracture. Based on these data, we recommend routine use of perioperative CFNC in hip fracture patients undergoing THA. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated canines restored with different sizes of fiber post and all-ceramic crowns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkumru, Hasan Necdet; Akalin, Buket

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the fracture resistance and the mode of fracture of endodontically treated teeth restored with different fiber posts and all-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two glass fiber reinforced post systems in two different sizes and polyethylene fiber ribbon in two different thicknesses (n=10) were used. The specimens, restored with all-ceramic crowns, were subjected to a compressive load (in N) delivered at a 130-degree angle to the long axis until a fracture could be noted. The results were analyzed statistically with a One-Way ANOVA test (Ppost fracture was observed for the thin Snowlight and Kerr Connect specimens or for the thick Postec and Kerr Connect specimens. Among the common failure types of the specimens, the worst was observed to be the root fracture failure. The highest post dislodgement failure result (80%) was obtained from the thin Kerr Connect specimen. CONCLUSION In terms of optimizing fracture resistance, the fiber post size selection should be done according to the forces applied to the restored teeth. PMID:27141261

  7. The effect of HIV on early wound healing in open fractures treated with internal and external fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aird, J; Noor, S; Lavy, C; Rollinson, P

    2011-05-01

    There are 33 million people worldwide currently infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This complex disease affects many of the processes involved in wound and fracture healing, and there is little evidence available to guide the management of open fractures in these patients. Fears of acute and delayed infection often inhibit the use of fixation, which may be the most effective way of achieving union. This study compared fixation of open fractures in HIV-positive and -negative patients in South Africa, a country with very high rates of both HIV and high-energy trauma. A total of 133 patients (33 HIV-positive) with 135 open fractures fulfilled the inclusion criteria. This cohort is three times larger than in any similar previously published study. The results suggest that HIV is not a contraindication to internal or external fixation of open fractures in this population, as HIV is not a significant risk factor for acute wound/implant infection. However, subgroup analysis of grade I open fractures in patients with advanced HIV and a low CD4 count (HIV should be treated by early debridement followed by fixation at an appropriate time.

  8. Effect of different composite core materials on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with FRC posts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panitiwat, Prapaporn; Salimee, Prarom

    2017-01-01

    This study evaluated the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber reinforced composite posts, using three resin composite core build-up materials, (Clearfil Photo Core (CPC), MultiCore Flow (MCF), and LuxaCore Z-Dual (LCZ)), and a nanohybrid composite, (Tetric N-Ceram (TNC)). Forty endodontically treated lower first premolars were restored with quartz fiber posts (D.T. Light-Post) cemented with resin cement (Panavia F2.0). Samples were randomly divided into four groups (n=10). Each group was built-up with one of the four core materials following its manufacturers' instructions. The teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks. Nickel-Chromium crowns were fixed on the specimens with resin cement. The fracture resistance was determined using a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min at 1350 to the tooth axis until failure occurred. All core materials used in the study were subjected to test for the flexural modulus according to ISO 4049:2009. One-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple comparisons test indicated that the fracture resistance was higher in the groups with CPC and MCF, which presented no statistically significant difference (p>0.05), but was significantly higher than in those with LCZ and TNC (pmaterials was aligned with the same tendency of fracture loads. Among the cores used in this study, the composite core with high filler content tended to enhance fracture thresholds of teeth restored with fiber posts more than others.

  9. Lessons learned from treating patients with unstable multifragmentary fractures of the proximal humerus by minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Hyoung Keun; Cho, Dae Yeon; Choo, Suk Kyu; Park, Jong Woong; Park, Ki Chul; Lee, Jung Il

    2015-02-01

    The authors present clinical and radiographic results of minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for three- or four-part fractures of the proximal humerus. Twenty-six patients with three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures treated with the MIPO technique through the deltoid splitting approach were clinically and radiographically evaluated at a minimum of 12 months with an average of 20.1 months. The valgus-impacted type of three-part fracture was excluded to verify the results of the MIPO with unstable multifragmentary fractures of the proximal humerus. Twenty female patients and six male patients were included (mean age 67 years; range 18-90 years). No cases of nonunion were seen. The mean forward flexion, abduction, and external rotation were 145°, 119°, and 48°, respectively. The mean visual analog scale (VAS) for pain was 1.47 points. The mean Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score was 14.5 points, and the mean UCLA score was 29.6 points. The mean neck-shaft angle was 134°. Twenty-three patients had adequate medial support, and three patients did not have adequate medial support on initial postoperative radiographs. Five shoulders (19 %) developed complicated results. Two cases of proximal malposition of the plate (7.7 %) and two intra-articular screw penetrations (7.7 %) were observed. One case of osteonecrosis of the humeral head was identified at the final follow-up (3.8 %). The MIPO technique provides reliable radiologic and functional outcomes for three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures. Our results might support the use of MIPO for treating unstable multi fragmentary fractures of proximal humerus such as three- or four-part fractures to decrease osteonecrosis of humeral head.

  10. In Vitro Evaluation of the Effect of Tooth Structure Loss on Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirinzad M

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Since preserving the structure of treated teeth is a critical success factor, studying the effects of tooth structure loss on fracture resistance of the tooth tissue appears necessary. The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of the loss of different tissues regarding fracture resistance of teeth undergoing root canal treatment without the use of indirect restorations. Methods :In this experimental study, 70 healthy maxillary first premolar teeth were randomly divided into 7 groups of 10 members, including control group, endodontic access preparation only, MOD cavity preparation, cutting buccal cusp, cutting palatal cusp, cutting buccal cusp and marginal ridge, and cutting the palatal cusp and marginal ridge. The coronal section of teeth was restored incrementally with light cure composite. Finally, samples underwent compressive load with 45˚ angle from each cusp slope in the middle of cusp with an instant speed of 1 mm per min in the Instron machine. Fracture resistance was measured and samples were examined under stereo-microscope to evaluate the mode of failure. Results: The resistance to fracture in root canal treated teeth in different groups in order from first to seventh was 797.13 ± 52.92, 722.50 ± 131.40, 432.15 ± 203.20, 592.66 ± 195.86 124.53 ± 33.09, 85.17 ± 18.45, and 26.03 ± 5.21 Newton. ANOVA test showed statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of their fracture resistance (P = 0.000. Conclusions: The results showed that fracture resistance levels of teeth were significantly affected by amount of their tissue loss. In this study, removal of teeth palatal cusp and marginal ridge had a significant effect on decreasing the fracture resistance, while removing the buccal cusps alone cannot have a significant effect.

  11. Fracture resistance of structurally compromised and normal endodontically treated teeth restored with different post systems: An in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vajihesadat Mortazavi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: With the aim of developing methods that could increase the fracture resistance of structurally compromised endodontically treated teeth, this study was conducted to compare the effect of three esthetic post systems on the fracture resistance and failure modes of structurally compromised and normal roots. Materials and Methods: Forty five extracted and endodontically treated maxillary central teeth were assigned to 5 experimental groups (n=9. In two groups, the post spaces were prepared with the corresponding drills of the post systems to be restored with double taper light posts (DT.Light-Post (group DT.N and zirconia posts (Cosmopost (group Zr.N. In other 3 groups thin wall canals were simulated to be restored with Double taper Light posts (DT.W, double taper Light posts and Ribbond fibers (DT+R.W and Zirconia posts (Zr.W. After access cavity restoration and thermocycling, compressive load was applied and the fracture strength values and failure modes were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA, Tukey and Fisher exact tests (P<0.05. Results: The mean failure loads (N were 678.56, 638.22, 732.44, 603.44 and 573.67 for groups DT.N, Zr.N, DT.W, DT+R.W and Zr.w respectively. Group DT+R.W exhibited significantly higher resistance to fracture compared to groups Zr.N, DT.W and Zr.w (P<0.05. A significant difference was detected between groups DT.N and Zr.W (P=0.027. Zirconia posts showed significantly higher root fracture compared to fiber posts (P=0.004. Conclusion: The structurally compromised teeth restored with double taper light posts and Ribbond fibers showed the most fracture resistance and their strengths were comparable to those of normal roots restored with double taper light posts. More desirable fracture patterns were observed in teeth restored with fiber posts.

  12. Impact of contracted endodontic cavities on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth: a systematic review of in vitro studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal; Rover, Gabriela; Belladonna, Felipe Gonçalves; De-Deus, Gustavo; da Silveira Teixeira, Cleonice; da Silva Fidalgo, Tatiana Kelly

    2017-11-03

    This systematic review was performed to answer the following question: do contracted endodontic cavities (CECs) increase resistance to fracture in extracted human teeth compared to traditional endodontic cavities (TECs)? A literature search without restrictions was carried out in PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, and Open Grey databases. Articles were selected by two independent reviewers. In addition, a reference and hand search was also fulfilled. All included in vitro studies evaluated the influence of CECs on strength to fracture in extracted human teeth and compared to TECs. The quality of the selected studies was evaluated and they were classified as having a low, moderate or high risk of bias. A total of 810 articles were obtained in the electronic search. After the application of the eligibility criteria, reference and hand search, and duplicate removal, six studies were included in this systematic review. All included studies evaluated the influence of CECs on strength to fracture in extracted human teeth and compared to TECs. Characteristics investigated in the selected articles included the sample size and tooth type, access cavity design, filling and restoration procedures, load at fracture test characteristics, and results. The studies demonstrated large variability among the fracture resistance values and standard deviations and low power. Three of the reviewed studies presented low risk of bias and the other three showed medium risk of bias. Overall, this systematic review of in vitro studies showed that there is no evidence that supports the use of CECs over TECs for the increase of fracture resistance in human teeth. Recently, CECs have gained attention in endodontics due to maximum tooth structure preservation including the pericervical dentin, which could improve the strength to fracture of endodontically treated teeth. However, the influence of access cavity design on fracture resistance remains limited and controversial.

  13. Fracture of the acetabulum: a retrospective review of ninety-one patients treated at a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchida, Kenzo; Kokubo, Yasuo; Yayama, Takafumi; Nakajima, Hideaki; Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi; Negoro, Kohei; Takeno, Kenichi; Sawaguchi, Takeshi; Watanabe, Shuji; Sugita, Daisuke; Takeura, Naoto; Yoshida, Ai; Baba, Hisatoshi

    2013-02-01

    Acetabular fracture result in fairly good outcome after the anatomic reduction in the displaced fracture fragments and damaged joint structure, but some patients will inevitably suffer from hip joint problems during their courses after the insult. We retrospectively reviewed 91 patients with acetabular fractures to investigate the causes of clinical failure and relationship among the fracture types, selected treatment options and their courses. Ninety-one patients (73 men and 18 women) with an average age of 49 years (range 18-80) at the time of injury were followed up for an average of 8.6 years (range 2-18). Judet-Letournel classification of fracture type and Matta's rating regimen of functional and radiographic patient' assessment were conducted. Conservative treatment was provided in 20 patients, in which 19 attained excellent/good, and one fair clinical results. All achieved excellent/good radiographic outcome. Surgically treated patients (n = 71) with critical dislodgement of the fracture fragment showed that 64 (90%) attained excellent/good and 7 (10%) fair/poor clinical outcomes. Sixty-three (89%) attained excellent/good and 8 (11%) fair/poor postoperative radiographic outcome. Five patients with poor radiographic outcome after surgery subsequently required total hip arthroplasty, due to the development of hip joint osteoarthritis in 3 and femoral head avascular necrosis in 2. We conclude that displacement of the joint surface should be reduced to less than 3 mm in accordance with the selection of the most appropriate surgical approach for open reduction/fixation in each fracture type; however, comminuted fracture and avascular necrosis of the femoral head may be the cause of poor clinical results.

  14. A comparative study of fracture shaft of femur in adults treated with broad dynamic compression plate versus intramedullary interlocking nail

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    Sushil Thapa

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Diaphyseal femur fracture is one of the commonest fractures to present in an emergency room. The objective of the study was to compare femoral shaft fractures treated using nail with those using plate and screws. Patients and Methods: We studied a total of 62 patients of fracture shaft of femur admitted in the Bharatpur Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan and National Academy of Medical Sciences, BirHospital,Kathmandu. Two cases were lost to follow up. Thirty cases were treated with plating and 30 cases with nailing. The age group was from 16-30 years. Fifty-three were male and seven were females. Fifty-eight patients had closed fracture and two had Gustillo Anderson grade I openfracture. Result: Time from injury to surgery was 19 days on an average. Mean time for union was more in patients treated by plating, 19.46 weeks as compared to nailing 14.78 weeks. We found one case of infection with plating and breakage of plate in four patients. One patient with nailing did not show any signs of healing and two had failure in case of nailing. Our series revealed 23(38.3% excellent, five (8.3% good and two (3.3% poor results in patients who had nailing while 15 (25.5% excellent, nine (15% good, one (1.7% fair and five (8.3% poor in patients who had plating out of 30 patients in each group. Conclusion:In our study we found that there was no significant difference in outcomes between plating and intramedullary nailing of femoral diaphysis fracture in terms of union, infection and implant failure.JCMS Nepal. 2016;12(2:66-9.

  15. Effect of resin-based materials on fracture resistance of endodontically treated thin-walled teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balkaya, Mehmet Cudi; Birdal, Ilda Sinem

    2013-05-01

    Composite resins are recommended for root reinforcement, but little information exists about self-adhesive resin cements that eliminate the acid etching and bonding steps. The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistances of teeth restored with 2 different diameters of cast and fiber posts and to evaluate the effectiveness of increasing internal root thickness with 2 resin-based materials to reinforce thin-walled teeth. Ninety maxillary incisors were endodontically treated and divided into 9 groups. In the first 4 groups, teeth were restored with tapered end cast (C1.3 and C1.7) and fiber (F1.3 and F1.7) posts of 1.3 and 1.7 mm diameters. In the other 5 groups, the root canals were enlarged to simulate the thin-walled teeth and restored with low viscosity composite resin with fiber posts of 1.3 and 1.7 mm diameters (LF1.3 and LF1.7), self-adhesive resin cement with fiber posts of 1.3 and 1.7 mm diameters (SF1.3 and SF1.7), and cast posts of 4 mm diameter that fit in post spaces (C4). Teeth were loaded to fracture at a 135-degree angle to their long axis. Data were analyzed with 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey HSD test (α=.05). Significant difference (Presistances of the teeth restored with cast (C1.3, 588.4 ±72.7 N) and fiber (F1.3, 375.3 ±53.8 N) posts of 1.3 mm diameter; however, no significant difference was found between 1.3 and 1.7 mm post diameters. The teeth restored with the resin-based materials with fiber posts, groups SF1.3 (331.6 ±135.2 N), SF1.7 (535.7 ±134.4 N), LF1.3 (432.1 ±120.3 N) and LF1.7 (563.8 ±128.8 N), demonstrated fracture resistance values similar to or higher than those of the teeth restored with the fiber posts, groups F1.3 (375.3 ±53.8 N) and F1.7 (461.8 ±98.4 N). The parallel-sided cast posts C4 (799.8 ±228.9 N) of 4 mm diameter demonstrated the highest fracture resistance of all groups (Presistance of the teeth increased as the elastic modulus of the posts increased but was not affected by small diameter variations

  16. Fracture strength of endodontically treated maxillary premolars supported by a horizontal glass fiber post: an in vitro study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karzoun, Wassim; Abdulkarim, Amid; Samran, Abdulaziz; Kern, Matthias

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a horizontal glass fiber post on the fracture strength of endodontically treated maxillary premolars with mesioocclusaldistal (MOD) cavities. Sixty extracted intact upper premolars were collected, treated endodontically (except for the control group), and divided into 5 test groups (n = 12) depending on the restoration type: G1 (control group, untreated teeth), G2 (MOD preparation without restoration), G3 (MOD preparation with resin composite restoration), G4 (MOD preparation with resin composite restoration and a horizontal fiber post inserted between buccal and palatal walls), and G5 (MOD preparation with a horizontal fiber post only). The specimens were stored in normal saline at 37°C for 2 months. Then specimens were quasi-statically loaded in a universal testing machine until fracture occurred. Failure loads were then analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, followed by multiple comparisons by using Tukey honestly significant difference test (α = .05). The mode of failure was determined by visual inspection. Mean (standard deviation) failure loads for groups ranged from 411.8 N (±103.9) to 994.5 N (±147.3). One-way analysis of variance showed significant differences between fracture resistances of groups (P glass fiber post in a MOD cavity increased significantly the fracture resistance of the endodontically treated upper premolars. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Treating postmenopausal osteoporosis in women at increased risk of fracture – critical appraisal of bazedoxifene: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Vestergaard

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Peter Vestergaard, Susanna vid Streym ThomsenDepartment of Endocrinology and Metabolism C, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, DenmarkAbstract: Several categories of drugs to treat osteoporosis exist in the form of bisphosphonates, strontium, parathyroid hormone, and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM. Advantages and disadvantages exist for each category as some patients may, for example, not tolerate bisphosphonates for gastrointestinal side effects, and especially in women in whom osteoporosis is frequent, several options for treatment are needed. The objectives of this review were to critically appraise the effects of bazedoxifene on risk of fractures especially in women at high risk of fractures. A systematic literature search was conducted for studies, especially randomized controlled trials with fractures as end-points. Bazedoxifene is a new member of the SERM group. The literature search identified one randomized controlled trial with fractures as end-point. This was a 3-year randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial in which 7492 postmenopausal women aged 55 to 85 years were randomly allocated to 1 bazedoxifene (20 [n = 1886] or 40 [n = 1872] mg/day; 2 raloxifene (60 mg/day, n = 1849; or 3 placebo (n = 1885. The risk of vertebral fractures decreased with both 20 (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.89 and 40 (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.96 mg of bazedoxifene per day compared to placebo. There was no reduction in non-vertebral fractures. A subgroup of women with a priori high risk of fractures was identified post hoc. In this subgroup there was a reduction in the risk of non-vertebral fractures with the 20 mg dose of bazedoxifene compared to placebo (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.90. In the 40 mg bazedoxifene group no significant reduction in non-vertebral fractures was seen in this subgroup (HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.40 to 1.20. In general post-hoc defined subgroup analyses should be interpreted with caution. However, the results indicate that

  18. Study on fracture behavior of surface treated montmorillonite/epoxy nanocomposites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Sung-Rok; Rhee, Kyong-Yop; Kim, Hee-Cheul; Kim, Jeong-Tai; Park, Soo-Jin

    2007-11-01

    It is known that the mechanical properties of clay-reinforced nanocomposites are significantly affected by the dispersion of clay particles in the matrix. In this study, the effect of surface-treatment of Montmorillonite (MMT) on the fracture behavior of MMT/epoxy nanocomposite was investigated. For this purpose, fracture tests were performed using samples with three different clay concentration level. After fracture tests, SEM analysis was made on the fracture surfaces to examine the fracture mechanism. It was found that the MMT treatment using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane enhanced the fracture toughness increased of the MMT/epoxy nanocomposite. This is due to the improved intercalation effect and interfacial strength between MMT and epoxy matrix.

  19. Influence of remaining coronal tooth structure on fracture resistance and failure mode of restored endodontically treated maxillary incisors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos Pantaleón, Domingo; Morrow, Brian R; Cagna, David R; Pameijer, Cornelis H; Garcia-Godoy, Franklin

    2017-07-27

    Limited information is available on the effect of an incomplete ferrule because of the varying residual axial wall heights and the volume of residual tooth structure on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated and restored maxillary incisors. The purpose of this in vitro investigation was to examine the effect of varying residual axial wall heights, residual coronal tooth structure, and the absence of 1 proximal axial wall on the fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored with metal posts. Sixty intact human maxillary central incisors were divided into 6 groups (n=10): no ferrule (NF), 2-mm complete ferrule (CF2), 2-mm (IF2), 3-mm (IF3), and 4-mm (IF4) incomplete ferrules missing a single interproximal wall, and a control group that had a 6-mm incomplete ferrule (IF6). Cast metal post-and-cores were placed in all experimental specimens except for controls. Control specimens received 1 interproximal cavity preparation extending to the root canal access and a composite resin restoration. Complete metal crowns were then cemented on all specimens. Completed specimens were subjected to thermocycling (6000 cycles, 5°C/55°C) followed by the immediate testing of fracture resistance. Failed specimens were sectioned buccolingually and evaluated to identify the failure mode. The data were analyzed with an analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (α=.05). An incomplete ferrule (IF2) with 1 interproximal wall missing had significantly reduced fracture resistance (697 N) compared with a complete ferrule (932 N). An increase of 3 to 4 mm of remaining wall height improved fracture resistance, from 844 N (IF3) to 853 N (IF4). Partial decementation was noticed in 8 NF and 5 IF2 specimens. IF3 and IF4 had no decementations. Radicular fractures and cracks (catastrophic failure) were observed in all IF2, IF3, and IF4, 9 CF2, and 6 NF specimens. In 7 specimens without posts (IF6, control

  20. A novel computer algorithm for modeling and treating mandibular fractures: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzi, Christopher J; Ortlip, Timothy; Greywoode, Jewel D; Vakharia, Kavita T; Vakharia, Kalpesh T

    2017-02-01

    To describe a novel computer algorithm that can model mandibular fracture repair. To evaluate the algorithm as a tool to model mandibular fracture reduction and hardware selection. Retrospective pilot study combined with cross-sectional survey. A computer algorithm utilizing Aquarius Net (TeraRecon, Inc, Foster City, CA) and Adobe Photoshop CS6 (Adobe Systems, Inc, San Jose, CA) was developed to model mandibular fracture repair. Ten different fracture patterns were selected from nine patients who had already undergone mandibular fracture repair. The preoperative computed tomography (CT) images were processed with the computer algorithm to create virtual images that matched the actual postoperative three-dimensional CT images. A survey comparing the true postoperative image with the virtual postoperative images was created and administered to otolaryngology resident and attending physicians. They were asked to rate on a scale from 0 to 10 (0 = completely different; 10 = identical) the similarity between the two images in terms of the fracture reduction and fixation hardware. Ten mandible fracture cases were analyzed and processed. There were 15 survey respondents. The mean score for overall similarity between the images was 8.41 ± 0.91; the mean score for similarity of fracture reduction was 8.61 ± 0.98; and the mean score for hardware appearance was 8.27 ± 0.97. There were no significant differences between attending and resident responses. There were no significant differences based on fracture location. This computer algorithm can accurately model mandibular fracture repair. Images created by the algorithm are highly similar to true postoperative images. The algorithm can potentially assist a surgeon planning mandibular fracture repair. 4. Laryngoscope, 2016 127:331-336, 2017. © 2016 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  1. A new angle and its relationship with early fixation failure of femoral neck fractures treated with three cannulated compression screws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y L; Zhang, W; Zhang, C Q

    2017-04-01

    The Pauwels angle has been used widely, however an accurate evaluation of this angle is difficult because of deformity of the affected lower extremity. Therefore we designed a new measurement of the orientation of femoral neck fracture and applied this in a retrospective study to assess: (1) its reproducibility, (2) its advantages compared with the Pauwels angle, (3) its relationship with the short-term prognosis treated with three cannulated compression screws. This new measurement is reproducible and has some reference meaning for the treatment of femoral neck fractures. Two hundred and twenty-eight patients with femoral neck fractures treated with three cannulated compression screws were retrospectively analyzed. The VN angle, which was the angle between the fracture line and the vertical of the neck axis, and the Pauwels angle were measured respectively. The method of ICC was performed to assess the reproducibility of the two angles, and the absolute value of difference in pre-operative and post-operative radiographs was used to evaluate the uniformity of the two angles. These fractures were divided into four groups according to VN angle (VNangle and the Pauwels angle in pre-operative radiographs were 0.937 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.922-0.950) and 0.942 respectively (95% CI: 0.914-0.970), indicating both angles had a good inter-rater reproducibility. However, there was a great difference between the Pauwels angle in pre-operative and post-operative radiographs (P=0.037), the absolute difference was 10.66±6.47 (range: 1.72-38.48), while no statistical difference for the VN angle (P=0.084) and the absolute difference was 2.20±1.63 (range: 0.05-7.56). The overall fixation failure rate which was defined as screw loosening, varus collapse, obvious fracture displacement or femoral neck shortening was 11.84%, and the mean failure rates according to VN angles were respectively 0%, 3.24% (95% CI: 1.64-4.84), 22.69% (95% CI: 16.43-28.96), 65.45% (95% CI: 59

  2. Bone growth stimulators. New tools for treating bone loss and mending fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitfield, James F; Morley, Paul; Willick, Gordon E

    2002-01-01

    the main focus of this article is necessarily the currently most promising of the anabolic agents, the potent parathyroid hormone (PTH) and certain of its 31- to 38-aminoacid fragments, which are either in or about to be in clinical trial or in the case of Lilly's Forteo [hPTH-(1-34)] tentatively approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating osteoporosis and mending fractures.

  3. Atypical femur fracture in an adolescent boy treated with bisphosphonates for X-linked osteoporosis based on PLS3 mutation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Laarschot, Denise M; Zillikens, M Carola

    2016-10-01

    Long-term use of bisphosphonates has raised concerns about the association with Atypical Femur Fractures (AFFs) that have been reported mainly in postmenopausal women. We report a case of an 18-year-old patient with juvenile osteoporosis based on X-linked osteoporosis due to a PLS3 mutation who developed a low trauma femoral fracture after seven years of intravenous and two years of oral bisphosphonate use, fulfilling the revised ASBMR diagnostic criteria of an AFF. The occurrence of AFFs has not been described previously in children or adolescents. The underlying monogenetic bone disease in our case strengthens the possibility of a genetic predisposition at least in some cases of AFF. We cannot exclude that a transverse fracture of the tibia that also occurred after a minor trauma at age 16 might be part of the same spectrum of atypical fractures related to the use of bisphosphonates. In retrospect our patient experienced prodromal pain prior to both the tibia and the femur fracture. Case reports of atypical fractures in children with a monogenetic bone disease such as Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) or juvenile osteoporosis are important to consider in the discussion about optimal duration of bisphosphonate therapy in growing children. In conclusion, this case report 1) highlights that AFFs also occur in adolescents treated with bisphosphonates during childhood and pain in weight-bearing bones can point towards this diagnosis 2) supports other reports suggesting that low trauma fractures of other long bones besides the femur may be related to long-term use of bisphosphonates 3) strengthens the concept of an underlying genetic predisposition in some cases of AFF, now for the first time reported in X-linked osteoporosis due to a mutation in PLS3 and 4) should be considered in decisions about the duration of bisphosphonate therapy in children with congenital bone disorders. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  4. In Vitro Evaluation of Access Cavity Location Effect on Fracture Resistance of Maxillary Central Endodontically Treated Teeth

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    M. Shirinzad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Preparation of access cavity to root canal is a critical phase in endo-dontic treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of access cavity loca-tion (labial or palatal on fracture resistance of endodontically treated maxillary central teeth. Materials & Methods: In this experimental laboratorial study, 84 intact human maxillary central incisors with similar dimensions were selected. The teeth were divided into 4 test groups as follows: Group 1 : teeth without access cavity (control group; Group 2: teeth with labial ac-cess; Group 3: teeth with palatal access; and Group 4: teeth with labial & palatal accesses. Root canals were cleaned and lateral condensation technique was used to obdurate the canals and root canal therapy was completed. The access cavities were restored with a light cured microhybrid resin composite. Continuous compressive force at a crosshead speed of 2 mm/min was applied by a testing machine. Load at fracture was recorded in MPa. Modes of fracture were assessed using stereomicroscope at X20 magnification. Data was analyzed us-ing One - Way analysis of Variance and Tukey HSD tests. Results: Means and standard deviations of fracture resistance for the 4 tested groups were: G1: 1172.2±224.05N, G2:990.4±199.324 N, G3: 861.95±237.089N and G4:784.27± 221.586 N. There was significant difference in fracture resistance values between G1 (control and each tested group (P < 0.05. Mean fracture resistance for the test group with labial access was higher than the test group with palatal access but no significant difference was observed. Group 2 showed statistical difference compared with group 4 (P=0.017 but there is no sig-nificance between group 3 and group 4(P=0.666. Fracture modes in all groups were an oblique pattern and maximum and minimum of unfavorable fractures were seen in the control group with 48% and group 3 with 5%. Conclusion: Preparation of access cavity reduces tooth

  5. Radial neck fractures in children treated with the centromedullary Métaizeau technique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Pedersen, Niels Wisbech; Nielsen, Keld Daugbjerg

    2012-01-01

    Radial neck fracture in children is infrequent but when not managed accurately can lead to complications. Different methods have been developed for the reduction and fixation of this fracture. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate our results using the Métaizeau centromedullary...

  6. Fracture Strength of Endodontically-treated Teeth Restored with Post and Cores and Composite Cores Only

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ozcan, M.; Valandro, L. F.

    2009-01-01

    This study compared the fracture strength of different conditioned metallic posts, fiber-reinforced-composite posts and composite cores only in teeth without coronal tooth structure and determined failure modes after the fracture test. Post spaces were prepared in the root canals, and the teeth were

  7. Serum nickel level in patients with facial bone fractures treated with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Various treatment modalities have been employed in the management of facial fractures, including transosseous wiring using stainless steel wire. Transosseous wires used in fixing maxillofacial fractures gradually undergo disintegration leading to the release of nickel into the blood. Aim : To investigate the ...

  8. Outcomes of posterior wall fractures of the acetabulum treated nonoperatively after diagnostic screening with dynamic stress examination under anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimshaw, Charles S; Moed, Berton R

    2010-12-01

    Dynamic stress fluoroscopy with the patient under general anesthesia has been advocated as a clinical measure of hip stability and congruity in patients with a posterior wall acetabular fracture. The purpose of this study was to establish the predictive value of the dynamic stress fluoroscopic examination for these fractures by evaluating clinical and radiographic outcomes after nonoperative treatment of fractures found to be stable with this examination. Twenty-one consecutive patients with an acute posterior wall fracture of the acetabulum who were shown to have a stable hip joint by dynamic stress fluoroscopy while they were under general anesthesia were treated nonoperatively. At the time of follow-up, the patients underwent clinical and/or radiographic evaluation. Clinical follow-up was performed for eighteen patients at a minimum of two years after injury, at which time the average modified Merle d'Aubigné score was very good, with no one having less than a good clinical outcome. Fifteen of these eighteen patients had radiographic evaluation at a minimum of two years, and all were found to have a congruent joint with a normal joint space and no evidence of posttraumatic arthritis. Hip joint stability determined with dynamic stress fluoroscopy with the patient under general anesthesia after a posterior wall acetabular fracture is predictive of hip joint congruity, an excellent radiographic outcome, and a good-to-excellent early clinical outcome after nonoperative treatment.

  9. Closed and open grade I and II tibial shaft fractures treated by reamed intramedullary nailing

    OpenAIRE

    Djahangiri, A.

    2006-01-01

    RESUME Objectif : Le but de cette étude est d'évaluer les résultats du traitement par enclouage centre-médullaire alésé des fractures diaphysaires du tibia aussi bien fermées que pour les fractures ouvertes de stade I et II selon Gustillo. Méthodes: Entre 1997 et 2000, 119 patients présentant une fracture diaphysaire du tibia ont été traités dans notre service par un enclouage centre-médullaire alésé. En postopératoire, 96 patients, soit 70 fractures fermées et 26 fractures ouvert...

  10. Relationship between bone mineral density changes and fracture risk reduction in patients treated with strontium ranelate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruyere, Olivier; Roux, Christian; Detilleux, Johann

    2007-01-01

    Of Peripheral OSteoporosis study were evaluated. OUTCOME MEASURES: The outcome measures included BMD at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total proximal femur assessed at baseline and after a follow-up of 1 and 3 yr; semiquantitative visual assessment of vertebral fractures; and nonvertebral fractures based...... on written documentation. RESULTS: After 3 yr of strontium ranelate treatment, each percentage point increase in femoral neck and total proximal femur BMD was associated with a 3% (95% adjusted confidence interval, 1-5%) and 2% (1-4%) reduction in risk of a new vertebral fracture, respectively. The 3-yr...... changes in femoral neck and total proximal femur BMD explained 76% and 74%, respectively, of the reduction in vertebral fractures observed during the treatment. Three-year changes in spine BMD were not statistically associated with the incidence of new vertebral fracture (P = 0.10). No significant...

  11. Fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots filled with resilon and guttapercha - A comparative in-vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh R Shetty

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims and objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare in vitro the fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots filled with Resilon and Gutta-percha. Methodology: Eighty extracted single canal teeth were selected and randomly assigned to five groups of sixteen teeth each. Teeth were sectioned using a diamond disc so as to obtain a root length of 14±1 mm. Roots were instrumented using .04 taper Profile rotary system to an apical size of 40 and obturated using .04 taper single cone (size 40 as follows: Group 1: Resilon .04 taper cone and Epiphany Self etching sealer, Group 2: .04 taper gutta-percha cone and AH Plus sealer ,Group 3: .04 taper gutta-percha cone and Roeko Seal Automix sealer, Group 4: .04 taper gutta-percha cone and Zinc oxide Eugenol sealer , Group 5: .04 taper gutta-percha cone without the use of a sealer. Following obturation, teeth were mounted in Poly Vinyl Chloride jigs using self cure acrylic resin such that 9mm of the root remained exposed. Fracture resistance testing was done using Instron testing machine using a vertical load applied perpendicular to the root surface. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA, Tukey HSD and Student′s ′t′ test. Results: Very highly significant difference was observed between the groups (P=.001. Resilon with Epiphany group demonstrated highest mean fracture resistance value and gutta-percha without sealer displayed the least, comparative results were highly significant. Resilon compared to gutta-percha with Roeko Seal Automix (P=.037 and Zinc Oxide Eugenolsealers (P=.029 showed statistically significant difference. AH plus group showed significantly higher value compared to gutta-percha without sealer. Conclusions: Filling the root canals with Resilon increased the in vitro fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots compared to standard gutta-percha techniques. Adhesive sealers are more beneficial in increasing the fracture resistance of

  12. In vitro evaluation of the fracture resistance of anterior endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber and zircon posts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qing, Hai; Zhu, ZhiMin; Chao, YongLie; Zhang, WeiQun

    2007-02-01

    The published information is equivocal regarding the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber posts. Additionally, little is known about the biomechanical performance of glass fiber and zircon posts. This in vitro study investigated the fracture resistance of anterior endodontically treated teeth prepared with a 2-mm ferrule, restored with glass fiber and zircon posts and composite resin cores or cast posts and cores. Twelve matched pairs of teeth were obtained from 4 cadavers, and all were endodontically treated and prepared with a standardized 2-mm ferrule. According to a random number table, the 2 teeth from each matched pair were randomly divided into 2 groups. The test group consisted of 12 specimens restored with a glass fiber and zircon post (Fibio) and composite resin (Durafil) core. Twelve matching specimens restored with a nickel-chromium (NiCr) cast post and core served as the control. Specimens in both groups were cemented with resin cement (Panavia F). After cementation of cast NiCr complete crowns with zinc polycarboxylate cement (ShangChi), the specimens were loaded with an incremental static force at an angle of 135 degrees to the long axis of the root until failure occurred. A paired sample t test was used to compare the fracture resistance (N) of teeth restored with the 2 post-and-core systems (alpha=.05). The mean failure load of paired differences between the 2 groups was -261.3+/-237.3 N. The test group exhibited significantly lower failure loads than the control group (P=.004). All specimens displayed root fractures, most of which were oblique, with cracks initiating from the palatal cervical margin and propagating in a labial-apical direction. Within the limitations of this study, the teeth restored with glass fiber and zircon posts demonstrated significantly lower failure loads than those with cast NiCr post and cores. All specimens failed via root fractures.

  13. Combined three-part humeral anterior fracture-dislocation and humeral shaft fracture treated with one-stage long stem shoulder hemiarthroplasty in an active elderly patient - A case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzberg, Guillaume; Tebaa, Eloise

    2017-01-01

    Injuries combining a humeral head fracture-dislocation and a shaft fracture of the ipsilateral humerus are very rare. They should be separated from extended fractures of the humeral head to the shaft [1]. We present the case of an active 84-year-old man who sustained a three-part fracture-dislocation of the proximal humerus combined with a long spiral humeral middle third diaphyseal fracture, after a ski fall. We were unable to find a similar case in the literature. He was treated with a long stem hemiarthroplasty, associated with screw osteosynthesis of the long spiral shaft fracture. The result after 30 months of follow-up was excellent, with good shoulder range of motion, good bone integration of the prosthesis and uneventful healing of the fracture. This treatment allowed this intrepid elderly patient to recover a normal quality of life, including driving his car and to return to skiing. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017.

  14. Preliminary testing of a novel bilateral plating technique for treating periprosthetic fractures of the distal femur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muizelaar, Aaron; Winemaker, Mitchell J; Quenneville, Cheryl E; Wohl, Gregory R

    2015-11-01

    Current stabilization methods for periprosthetic fractures of the distal femur are inadequate in achieving fracture fixation, with complication rates as high as 29%. A major contributor to poor outcomes is that these methods rely only on screw purchase in the bone to maintain fracture reduction. We designed, manufactured and evaluated a novel plating method that utilizes the femoral prosthesis to enhance stability for treatment of distal femoral periprosthetic fractures. Medial and lateral plates were designed and manufactured based on geometry of a synthetic femur and femoral prosthesis. The two plates were linked via a compression screw and a small tab on each plate that inserted into pre-existing slots on the prosthesis. Mechanical tests (500N compression or 250N anterior directed cantilever bending), were performed on synthetic femurs with simple transverse fractures (3mm gap) just superior to the distal femoral prosthesis that were stabilized using either the prototype plates or a single lateral plate. Translational movements of the fracture site during loading were measured using 3D motion tracking. With the single lateral plate, the distal fragment experienced a resultant displacement of 0.40mm under cantilever bending and 0.61mm under compression (13% and 20% respectively of fracture gap width). With the bilateral plates, fracture gap motion was significantly reduced to 0.13mm under bending and compression (4.3% of the fracture gap). Our results indicate that a bilateral plating method is capable of improving stabilization of periprosthetic fractures compared to the traditional lateral plating technique. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Plantar fasciitis and the calcaneal spur: Fact or fiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johal, K S; Milner, S A

    2012-03-01

    Plantar fasciitis is a common diagnosis in patients presenting with heel pain. The presence of co-existing calcaneal spurs has often been reported but confusion exists as to whether it is a casual or significant association. The lateral heel radiographs of nineteen patients with a diagnosis of plantar fasciitis and nineteen comparison subjects with a lateral ankle ligament sprain matched for age and sex, were reviewed independently by two observers. Objective measurements of calcaneal spur length and a subjective grading of spur size were recorded. There was a significantly higher prevalence of calcaneal spurs in the cases than the comparison group (89% versus 32%; McNemar chi-square=9.09, df=2, p=0.00257). There was good inter- and intra-observer agreement. The current study has demonstrated a significant association between plantar fasciitis and calcaneal spur formation. Further research is warranted to assess whether the association is causal. Copyright © 2011 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. SPECIFICS OF DIAPHYSEAL HUMERUS FRACTURES HEALING IN PATIENTS TREATED BY ILIZAROV EXTERNAL FIXATION

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    A. N. Erokhin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the literature data analysis a hypothesis was made that specific features of humeral diaphyseal fractures consolidation process in result of Ilizarov method treatment depend on their quantitative characteristics.Purpose of the study – to develop quantitative characteristics of diaphyseal humerus fractures and to analyze their correlation to the terms of bone fragments healing.Materials and methods. The authors studied X-rays of forty one patient with diaphyseal humerus fractures; age of patients ranged from 21 to 60 years (median – 37 years, there were 19 male and 22 female patients. The authors worked out the formulas using Weasis software for quantitative characteristics of diaphyseal humerus fractures: distance of the fracture site from proximal metaphysis of the humerus, extension of the fracture line and degree of bone fragments displacement. During statistical analysis of the recorded data the average standard deviation, median, minimum, maximum, 25th percentile and 75th percentile were calculated. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to check consistency of recorded data with normal distribution of characteristics. Correlation analysis was performed by calculation of Kendall and Pearson coefficients. Statistical processing of reported data was done by means of unpaired criteria: non-parametric Wilcoxon test and parametric Student t-test. When comparing two samples a null hypothesis was rejected at the level of test significance p≤0.05. The authors utilized Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and AtteStat, version 13.1.Results. Statistical analysis of the samples including comminuted and spiral fractures of humeral diaphysis demonstrated that the level of the fracture was within 40.9±19.9% and distributed from 11.6% to 72.4% along the diaphysis. Correlation analysis demonstrated statistically valid moderate negative relation between the level of fracture site and consolidation period (Pearson correlation coefficient r = -0.46; р = 0

  17. EVALUATION OF RESULTS IN FRACTURES OF BOTH BONES FOREARM TREATED WITH DYNAMIC COMPRESSION PLATING

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    Sindhuja G

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The anatomical alignment of the bones, the length, the radial bow, and axis should be restored for a good functional outcome. Conservative treatment has resulted in malunion, non-union, synostosis and ultimately poor functional outcome. Internal fixation helps in perfect reduction of fracture fragments in anatomical position by rigid fixation and early mobilisation, the normal functions of the hand can be re-achieved at the earliest. This study has been taken up to evaluate the results of open reduction and internal fixation of the fractures of BBFA with DCP in adults and its advantages and complications. In this study, the rate and time taken for union, the complication, the functional results in terms of forearm rotation and wrist and elbow movements are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study includes treatment of 20 cases of fracture of both bones of forearm by open reduction and internal fixation with 3.5 mm DCP from August 2013 to August 2015 at Department of Orthopaedics at Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences, Amalapuram. Follow-up was done up to September 2015. This is a prospective time bound study. Sample size - 20 patients. Inclusion Criteria- 1. Simple fractures. 2. Open fractures-Gustilo and Anderson type I and type II. 3. Age criteria = 15 to 70 years, both males and females. Exclusion Criteria- 1. Age criteria 0 to 14 years & > 70 years. 2. Radiologically proven segmental fractures and isolated forearm bone fractures. 3. Pathological fracture. 4. Gustilo and Anderson type III. 5. Patient not willing for surgery. 6. Patient unfit for surgery. RESULTS The present study consists of 20 cases of fracture both bones of the forearm. All the cases were openly reduced and internally fixed with 3.5 mm DCP. The study period was from August 2013 to September 2015. The age of these patients ranged from 15-70 years with fracture being most common in 3 rd decade and an average age of 31 years. CONCLUSION Use of separate

  18. Bilateral femoral insuffiency fractures treated with inflatable intramedullary nails: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demiralp, Bahtiyar; Ilgan, Seyfettin; Ozgur Karacalioglu, A; Cicek, Engin Ilker; Yildrim, Duzgun; Erler, Kaan

    2007-09-01

    Stress fractures could be classified as fatigue fractures and insufficiency fractures (IF). Fatigue fractures occur when abnormal mechanical stress is applied to a normal bone, on the other hand insufficiency fractures occur when normal to moderate pressure is applied to a bone that has decreased resistance (Daffner and Pavlov in Am J Radiol 159:242-245, 1992). IF have been observed mainly in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis, and are becoming more common with the increase of elderly population (Daffner and Pavlov in Am J Radiol 159:242-245, 1992). Other systemic and metabolic conditions that can result in osteopenia and IF include osteomalacia, hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, fluoride treatment, diabetes mellitus, fibrous dysplasia, Paget's disease, irradiation and mechanical factors (Daffner and Pavlov in Am J Radiol 159:242-245, 1992; Soubrier et al. in Joint Bone Spine 70:209-218, 2003; Epps et al. in Am J Orthop 33:457-460, 2004; Austin and Chrissos in Orthopedics 28:795-797, 2005). In this case report, the authors present an osteoporotic woman who developed bilateral insufficiency fracture of the femoral shaft after longstanding steroid, thyroxine replacement and alendronate therapy due to partial empty sella syndrome and osteoporosis, resulting in the treatment of the fracture by inflatable intramedullary nailing.

  19. Fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Bourdin, Blaise; Francfort, Gilles A.

    2011-01-01

    These notes begin with a review of the mainstream theory of brittle fracture, as it has emerged from the works of Griffi th and Irwin. We propose a re-formulation of that theory within the confi nes of the calculus of variations, focussing on crack path prediction. We then illustrate the various possible minimality criteria in a simple 1d-case as well as in a tearing experiment and discuss in some details the only complete mathematical formulation so far, that is that where global minimality ...

  20. Comparative study of W-shaped angular plate and reconstruction plate in treating posterior wall fractures of the acetabulum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Zhang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the medium-term results of the reconstruction of posterior wall fractures using a W-shaped acetabular angular plate (WAAP compared to those fixed using a reconstruction plate. METHODS: Between July 2006 and March 2009, we performed a retrospective study, which collected data for any patient treated for a posterior acetabular wall fracture. At the time of treatment, patients were either treated using a WAAP or a pelvic reconstruction plate. The intraoperative fluoroscopic images for both groups were compared. The quality of reduction and radiological grading were assessed according to the criteria developed by Matta. The clinical assessment was based on a modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel scoring. RESULTS: 53 patients met the inclusion criteria and were followed up for an average of 38 months. 25 patients were treated with a WAAP (study group, and 28 patients were treated with a pelvic reconstruction plate (control group. The intraoperative fluoroscopic images of the study group confirmed extra-articular screw placement in all cases. In the control group, intra-articular screw placement was observed intraoperatively in 5 patients (17.86%, and the definitive location of the periarticular hardware could not be determined in 4 patients (14.29% during the operation. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (p = 0.002. In contrast, the quality of fracture reduction, clinical outcomes, and radiological grading in the study group were not significantly different from those of the control group (p>0.05. The radiographic grade was strongly associated with the clinical outcomes in both the study and control groups (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of posterior wall fractures of the acetabulum using a WAAP can help avoid screw penetration of the hip joint, provide a stable fixation of the posterior wall, and ensure good clinical outcomes.

  1. Long-term follow-up study of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture treated using balloon kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jung-Tung; Li, Cho-shun; Chang, Cheng-Siu; Liao, Wen-Jui

    2015-07-01

    Long-term follow-up study is required for verifying whether the clinical outcomes of kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are altered. The authors' findings showed only subtle differences between these operations within a 5-year period. However, they still suggest the use of vertebroplasty over kyphoplasty in view of the treatment costs. In their previous study, the authors performed a short-term prospective comparison between vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Vertebroplasty was recommended instead of kyphoplasty for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) because of the subtle differences between this procedure and kyphoplasty and the treatment costs. To determine whether these clinical outcomes persist in the long term, they continued to observe the patients from their short-term study over a longer-term period. METHODS :One hundred cases of VCF were assigned randomly to either the kyphoplasty or the vertebroplasty group. In cement augmentation, the authors used polymethylmethacrylate as bone filler. Pain was assessed by using a visual analog scale (VAS). For each patient, vertebral body height and wedge angle were measured from reconstructed CT images. The duration of the follow-up period was 5 years. Vertebral body height, kyphotic wedge angle, and VAS score were not evidently altered. Eight patients in the kyphoplasty group had an adjacent fracture after the procedure, whereas 7 patients in the vertebroplasty group had an adjacent fracture after the procedure. These adjacent fractures occurred within 1 year of surgery in both treatment groups except in 1 kyphoplasty-treated patient in whom the adjacent fracture was noted 16 months after treatment. Three patients in the vertebroplasty group had a nonadjacent fracture, and 4 patients in the kyphoplasty group had a nonadjacent fracture. The link between angular correction and the occurrence of adjacent fracture was statistically significant in the vertebroplasty group. Excessive angular correction is a

  2. The treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures: analysis of the results of 55 cases treated with PHILOS plate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattoretto, D; Borgo, A; Iacobellis, C

    2016-08-01

    Complex proximal humerus fractures are often difficult to treat. Their frequency is high, especially in the elderly, and their treatment is still controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and radiological results achieved by patients with complex proximal humerus fractures, treated with PHILOS plate only. A cohort of 55 patients was selected. The mean age was 63.4 (range 33-89), while the mean follow-up time was 21.5 months (range 6-75). Clinical outcome was evaluated with the "Constant-Murley shoulder score." All the informations about the presence of complications were gathered, and radiological images were used to calculate the head-shaft angle. The overall mean Constant score was 61.93 ± 18.59, the Individual CS was 70 ± 20 % and the Relative CS was 83 ± 23 %. No significant differences were found between fractures Neer 3 and Neer 4 and between the surgical approaches (delta-split vs. delto-pectoral). Six patients had a fracture with dislocation, seven patients (12.7 %) had complications while in four patients a head-shaft angle beyond the normal range was found. Osteosynthesis with PHILOS plate is stable in the greater part of the cases, and it allows an earlier rehabilitation and so a good functional result, which could be compromised by a prolonged immobilization. Therefore, PHILOS plate is a good option for the treatment of complex proximal humerus fractures.

  3. Effect of different composite core materials on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with FRC posts

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    Prapaporn PANITIWAT

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective This study evaluated the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber reinforced composite posts, using three resin composite core build-up materials, (Clearfil Photo Core (CPC, MultiCore Flow (MCF, and LuxaCore Z-Dual (LCZ, and a nanohybrid composite, (Tetric N-Ceram (TNC. Material and Methods Forty endodontically treated lower first premolars were restored with quartz fiber posts (D.T. Light-Post cemented with resin cement (Panavia F2.0. Samples were randomly divided into four groups (n=10. Each group was built-up with one of the four core materials following its manufacturers’ instructions. The teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks. Nickel-Chromium crowns were fixed on the specimens with resin cement. The fracture resistance was determined using a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min at 1350 to the tooth axis until failure occurred. All core materials used in the study were subjected to test for the flexural modulus according to ISO 4049:2009. Results One-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple comparisons test indicated that the fracture resistance was higher in the groups with CPC and MCF, which presented no statistically significant difference (p>0.05, but was significantly higher than in those with LCZ and TNC (p<0.05. In terms of the flexural modulus, the ranking from the highest values of the materials was aligned with the same tendency of fracture loads. Conclusion Among the cores used in this study, the composite core with high filler content tended to enhance fracture thresholds of teeth restored with fiber posts more than others.

  4. How to Treat the Complex Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures in Elderly Patients? DHS or Arthroplasty

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    Ebrahim Hasankhani

    2014-09-01

     Arthroplasty is an alternative treatment in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and can provide good and satisfactory clinical outcomes associated with low complication and mortality rates. 

  5. Relationship between the functional outcomes and radiological results of conservatively treated displaced proximal humerus fractures in the elderly: A prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Kerem Canbora; Ozkan Kose; Atilla Polat; Levent Konukoglu; Mucahit Gorgec

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this prospective study is to investigate the relationship between the functional outcome and the radiographic results of conservatively treated two-, three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures in patients aged over 65 years. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 29 prospectively followed cases aged over 65 years who presented with displaced proximal humerus fracture between 2009 and 2011. The fractures were classified according to the Neer classification ...

  6. FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME IN SURGICALLY TREATED DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURE

    OpenAIRE

    ORTIZ-ROMERO, JOEL; BERMUDEZ-SOTO, IGNACIO; TORRES-GONZÁLEZ, RUBÉN; ESPINOZA-CHOQUE, FERNANDO; ZAZUETA-HERNANDEZ, JESÚS ABRAHAM; PEREZ-ATANASIO, JOSÉ MANUEL

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with developing complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) after surgical treatment for distal radius fracture (DRF). Methods: This case-control study analyzed patients seen from January 2014 to January 2016. Results: In our sample of 249 patients, 4% developed CRPS. Associated factors were economic compensation via work disability (odds ratio [OR] 14.3), age (OR 9.38), associated fracture (OR 12.94), and level of impac...

  7. Prediction of Reoperation of Femoral Neck Fractures Treated With Cannulated Screws in Elderly Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Gregersen, Merete; Krogshede, Anna; Brink, Ole; Damsgaard, Else Marie

    2015-01-01

    Background: Reoperation of femoral neck fractures in elderly patients is frequent. Our aim was to determine predictors of reoperations following primary internal fixation with 3 cannulated screws. Materials and Methods: A follow-up study included all patients aged 65+ years old patients consecutively admitted to an orthopedic ward with femoral neck fracture in the period from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2010, and fixed with cannulated screws. We retrospectively obtained all available dat...

  8. An intact fibula may contribute to allow early weight bearing in surgically treated tibial plateau fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrera, Ion; Gelber, Pablo Eduardo; Chary, Gaetan; Gomez Masdeu, Mireia; González Ballester, Miguel A; Monllau, Juan Carlos; Noailly, Jerome

    2017-03-03

    The role of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) in tibial plateau fractures is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess, with finite-element (FE) calculations, differences in interfragmentary movement (IFM) in a split fracture of lateral tibial plateau, with and without intact fibula. It was hypothesized that an intact fibula could positively contribute to the mechanical stabilization of surgically reduced lateral tibial plateau fractures. A split fracture of the lateral tibial plateau was recreated in an FE model of a human tibia. A three-dimensional FE model geometry of a human femur-tibia system was obtained from the VAKHUM project database, and was built from CT images from a subject with normal bone morphologies and normal alignment. The mesh of the tibia was reconverted into a geometry of NURBS surfaces. The fracture was reproduced using geometrical data from patient radiographs, and two models were created: one with intact fibula and other without fibula. A locking screw plate and cannulated screw systems were modelled to virtually reduce the fracture, and 80 kg static body weight was simulated. Under mechanical loads, the maximum interfragmentary movement achieved with the fibula was about 30% lower than without fibula, with both the cannulated screws and the locking plate. When the locking plate model was loaded, intact fibula contributed to lateromedial forces on the fractured fragments, which would be clinically translated into increased normal compression forces in the fractured plane. The intact fibula also reduced the mediolateral forces with the cannulated screws, contributing to stability of the construct. This FE model showed that an intact fibula contributes to the mechanical stability of the lateral tibial plateau. In combination with a locking plate fixation, early weight bearing may be allowed without significant IFM, contributing to an early clinical and functional recovery of the patient.

  9. Treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with intraosseous vacuum phenomena using high-viscosity bone cement via bilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Dan; Cai, Jun; Zhang, Shengfei; Zhang, Liang; Feng, Xinmin

    2017-04-01

    Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with intraosseous vacuum phenomena could cause persistent back pains in patients, even after receiving conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using high-viscosity bone cement via bilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty in treating patients who have osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with intraosseous vacuum phenomena.Twenty osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture patients with intraosseous vacuum phenomena, who received at least 2 months of conservative treatment, were further treated by injecting high-viscosity bone cement via bilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty due to failure of conservative treatment. Treatment efficacy was evaluated by determining the anterior vertebral compression rates, visual analog scale (VAS) scores, and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores at 1 day before the operation, on the first day of postoperation, at 1-month postoperation, and at 1-year postoperation.Three of 20 patients had asymptomatic bone cement leakage when treated via percutaneous vertebroplasty; however, no serious complications related to these treatments were observed during the 1-year follow-up period. A statistically significant improvement on the anterior vertebral compression rates, VAS scores, and ODI scores were achieved after percutaneous vertebroplasty. However, differences in the anterior vertebral compression rate, VAS score, and ODI score in the different time points during the 1-year follow-up period was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Within the limitations of this study, the injection of high-viscosity bone cement via bilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty for patients who have osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with intraosseous vacuum phenomena significantly relieved their back pains and improved their daily life activities shortly after the operation, thereby improving their life quality. In this study, the use of high-viscosity bone

  10. Bone Repair on Fractures Treated with Osteosynthesis, ir Laser, Bone Graft and Guided Bone Regeneration: Histomorfometric Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos Aciole, Jouber Mateus; dos Santos Aciole, Gilberth Tadeu; Soares, Luiz Guilherme Pinheiro; Barbosa, Artur Felipe Santos; Santos, Jean Nunes; Pinheiro, Antonio Luiz Barbosa

    2011-08-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate, through the analysis of histomorfometric, the repair of complete tibial fracture in rabbits fixed with osteosynthesis, treated or not with infrared laser light (λ780 nm, 50 mW, CW) associated or not to the use of hydroxyapatite and guided bone regeneration (GBR). Surgical fractures were created, under general anesthesia (Ketamina 0,4 ml/Kg IP and Xilazina 0,2 ml/Kg IP), on the dorsum of 15 Oryctolagus rabbits that were divided into 5 groups and maintained on individual cages, at day/night cycle, fed with solid laboratory pelted diet and had water ad libidum. On groups II, III, IV and V the fracture was fixed with wire osteosynthesis. Animals of groups III and V were grafted with hydroxyapatite and GBR technique used. Animals of groups IV and V were irradiated at every other day during two weeks (16 J/cm2, 4×4 J/cm2). Observation time was that of 30 days. After animal death (overdose of general anesthetics) the specimes were routinely processed to wax and underwent histological analysis by light microscopy. The histomorfometric analysis showed an increased bone neoformation, increased collagen deposition, less reabsorption and inflammation when laser was associated to the HATCP. It is concluded that IR laser light was able to accelerate fracture healing and the association with HATCP and GBR resulted on increased deposition of CHA.

  11. Risk factors for nonunion in patients with intracapsular femoral neck fractures treated with three cannulated screws placed in either a triangle or an inverted triangle configuration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jui-Jung; Lin, Leou-Chyr; Chao, Kuo-Hua; Chuang, Shih-Youeng; Wu, Chia-Chun; Yeh, Tsu-Te; Lian, Yu-Tung

    2013-01-02

    Intracapsular femoral neck fractures are associated with high rates of nonunion. We aimed to identify risk factors for nonunion in patients with both displaced and nondisplaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures treated with three 7-mm parallel cannulated screws, placed in either a triangle or an inverted triangle configuration, using failure of fixation as the primary outcome. Clinical and radiographic data for patients with intracapsular femoral neck fractures treated with either triangle fixation (one proximal screw and two distal screws) or inverted triangle fixation (two proximal screws and one distal screw), between January 1, 2000, and July 30, 2009, were analyzed. A total of 202 patients, seventy-six men and 126 women with an average age (and standard deviation) of 64.53 ± 15.81 years (range, nineteen to ninety-three years), were included in the analysis. Union occurred in 158 patients, and nonunion occurred in forty-four. There were no differences between the union and nonunion groups with respect to age, sex, fracture side, fracture angle, fracture level, or estimated bone density. There were significant differences in fracture type, fixation configuration, reduction quality, and screw-tip subchondral purchase between patients with and without union. The estimated odds ratio for fracture nonunion was 2.93 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08, 7.96) in subjects with displaced fractures compared with those without displaced fractures (p = 0.035), 18.92 (95% CI, 1.91, 187.09) in subjects with borderline and unacceptable reduction compared with those with anatomic reduction (p = 0.012), and 2.92 (95% CI, 1.27, 6.69) for internal fixation with a triangle configuration compared with fixation with an inverted triangle configuration (p = 0.010). Screw fixation with a triangle configuration, a displaced fracture, and poor reduction are risk factors for nonunion in intracapsular femoral neck fractures treated with fixation with multiple screws.

  12. Fracture resistance and failure mode of fatigued endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber-reinforced resin posts and metallic posts in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A Alharbi, Fahad; Nathanson, Dan; Morgano, Steven M; Baba, Nadim Z

    2014-08-01

    Fracture of restored endodontically treated teeth is a common complication. The mechanical properties of post systems may play a role in the incidence of tooth fracture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the fracture resistance and pattern of fracture of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post systems. Posts used were fiber-reinforced composite resin posts (FRC post), custom cast silver-palladium, and nickel-chromium posts and cores. A 3-point bending test was performed to calculate flexural strengths and elastic moduli of the specimens. Sixty extracted human maxillary canines were endodontically treated and divided into three groups (n = 20). All-ceramic crowns were fabricated and cemented with Variolink II resin cement. Ten specimens of each group were subjected to a constantly increasing load until fracture. The other 10 specimens were fatigued for 106 cycles in a custom-made fatigue machine. Recorded failure loads and modes were statistically compared with one-way anova and Tukey-HSD tests (α = 0.05). The resistance to fracture of teeth restored with FRC posts, composite resin cores, and Empress II crowns was similar to that of teeth restored with cast posts and cores (P = 0.162). Supracrestal (above root/level of acrylic resin base) oblique fracture was the predominant mode of fracture associated with teeth restored with FRC posts (70%), while vertical root fractures were more common with teeth restored with cast posts and cores. Teeth restored with the FRC post system did not exhibit vertical root fractures and were less likely to show root fracture. Sixty to 80% of teeth restored with both types of cast posts and cores showed vertical and subcrestal root fractures. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Inpatient cost of treating osteoporotic fractures in mainland China: a descriptive analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang YC

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Yicheng Yang,1 Fen Du,2 Wenyu Ye,3 Yu Chen,4 Jinghu Li,5 Jie Zhang,6 Helen Nicely,7 Russel Burge8 1Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, Lilly Suzhou Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Shanghai, 2Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, Beijing Brainpower Pharma Consulting Co, Ltd, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 3Real World Analytics Bio-Medicines, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 4Medical Department, Lilly Suzhou Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Shanghai, 5Secretariate, 6Technology Standard Department, China Health Insurance Research Association, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 7Medical Writing, inVentiv Health Clinical, San Francisco, CA, 8Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, Bio-Medicines, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA Purpose: The objective of this study was to provide new estimates on the per-admission inpatient hospital cost and per-admission length of stay (LOS for osteoporosis-related fractures in mainland China. Materials and methods: Data for inpatient hospitalization associated with at least one osteoporosis-related fracture were obtained from the nationwide China Health Insurance Research Association and were analyzed post hoc. Patients' data were included if the patients were ≥50 years old and diagnosed with osteoporosis and pathologic fracture, or osteoporosis therapy and fragility fracture by an International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10 code designation, between 2008 and 2010. Results: The analysis included 830 patients (female: 77.3%; mean age: 73.4±9.8 years. The medians of the per-admission LOS and inpatient costs were 19 days and ¥18,587, respectively. Longer LOS and higher costs per admission were associated with older patients (≥70 years compared to younger patients (<70 years. Hip fracture had the longest median LOS (22 days and highest median cost (¥32,594 among all fracture sites. The per-hospitalization episode and per

  14. Biomechanical analysis of poly-L-lactic acid and titanium plates fixated for mandibular symphyseal fracture with a conservatively treated unilateral condylar fracture using the three-dimensional finite element method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Kazuhiro; Yamamoto, Kazuhiko; Sugiura, Tsutomu; Kawakami, Masayoshi; Horita, Satoshi; Kirita, Tadaaki

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate stress on poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) plates with a thickness of 1.4 mm and titanium plates with a thickness of 1.0 and 1.4 mm placed for mandibular symphyseal fractures with or without conservatively treated, unilateral condylar fractures using finite element analysis. The symphyseal fracture region was defined by the following three conditions: the defect, the callus, and the contact condition. Stress on the plates was analyzed by an applying occlusal force of 478.1 N on the first molar of the non-condylar fracture side. In the model of isolated symphyseal fracture, the maximal stresses were below the material strength in all plate types and conditions. In the models with condylar fracture, the maximal stresses on these plates were much higher than those in the models of isolated symphyseal fracture, especially for the defect condition. Although the maximal stresses on all types of plates in the contact condition were below the material strengths, some of those in the defect condition were higher than these strengths. These results suggest that a PLLA plate can theoretically withstand stress under good reductions of symphyseal fractures, even for condylar fractures; however, both the PLLA plate and titanium miniplate may be at risk of fracture under poor reduction. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Are diaphyseal clavicular fractures still treated traditionally in a non-surgical way?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labronici, Pedro José; Santos Filho, Fernando Claudino Dos; Reis, Tales Bregalda; Pires, Robinson Esteves Santos; Junior, Adriano Fernando Mendes; Kojima, Kodi Edson

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the decision of orthopedics surgeons regarding which cases they would indicate surgery or non-surgical treatment. 20 images of radiographs with fracture in the middle third of the collar bone (AO/OTA 15-B) in anteroposterior view were analyzed, and divided into four groups: group 1 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B1 without displacement; group 2 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B1 with displacement; group 3 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B2; group 4 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B3. The evaluator was requested to indicate the choice of treatment, surgical or non-surgical. There was no strong correlation between the amount of surgical indications and the working experience or age of the medical evaluator. It was observed that the average of surgical indications in the total sample was 52%. When indications were studied in different areas of Brazil, there was no significant difference among them. No pattern for the Brazilian regions studied was observed in the case analysis. Even within a group (cases of the same complexity), no specific pattern of surgical indication was observed. No association between surgical indication and the length of professional experience was found. The Southern and Southeastern regions were those that most recommended surgeries in groups 2, 3, and 4. In no region the same level of surgical indication for cases of the same complexity rate was kept.

  16. Are diaphyseal clavicular fractures still treated traditionally in a non-surgical way?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro José Labronici

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the decision of orthopedics surgeons regarding which cases they would indicate surgery or non-surgical treatment. METHODS: 20 images of radiographs with fracture in the middle third of the collar bone (AO/OTA 15-B in anteroposterior view were analyzed, and divided into four groups: group 1 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B1 without displacement; group 2 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B1 with displacement; group 3 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B2; group 4 - fracture type AO/OTA 15-B3. The evaluator was requested to indicate the choice of treatment, surgical or non-surgical. RESULTS: There was no strong correlation between the amount of surgical indications and the working experience or age of the medical evaluator. It was observed that the average of surgical indications in the total sample was 52%. When indications were studied in different areas of Brazil, there was no significant difference among them. No pattern for the Brazilian regions studied was observed in the case analysis. Even within a group (cases of the same complexity, no specific pattern of surgical indication was observed. CONCLUSION: No association between surgical indication and the length of professional experience was found. The Southern and Southeastern regions were those that most recommended surgeries in groups 2, 3, and 4. In no region the same level of surgical indication for cases of the same complexity rate was kept.

  17. Surgical interventions for treating acute fractures or non-union of the middle third of the clavicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenza, Mário; Faloppa, Flávio

    2015-05-07

    This review covers two conditions: acute clavicle fractures and non-union resulting from failed fracture healing. Clavicle (collarbone) fractures account for around 4% of all fractures. While treatment for these fractures is usually non-surgical, some types of clavicular fractures, as well as non-union of the middle third of the clavicle, are often treated surgically. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2009. To evaluate the effects (benefits and harms) of different methods of surgical treatment for acute fracture or non-union of the middle third of the clavicle. We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (27 June 2014), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2014, Issue 5), MEDLINE (1966 to June week 3 2014), EMBASE (1988 to 2014 week 25), LILACS (1982 to 27 June 2014), trial registries and reference lists of articles. We applied no language or publication restrictions. We considered randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials evaluating any surgical intervention for treating people with fractures or non-union of the middle third of the clavicle. The primary outcomes were shoulder function or disability, pain and treatment failure (measured by the number of participants who had undergone or were being considered for a non-routine secondary surgical intervention for symptomatic non-union, malunion or other complications). Two review authors selected eligible trials, independently assessed risk of bias and cross-checked data. Where appropriate, we pooled results of comparable trials. We included seven trials in this review with 398 participants. Four trials were new in this update.The four new trials (160 participants) compared intramedullary fixation with open reduction and internal fixation with plate for treating acute middle third clavicle fractures in adults. Low quality evidence from the four trials indicated that intramedullary fixation did not

  18. Comparative study of W-shaped angular plate and reconstruction plate in treating posterior wall fractures of the acetabulum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qi; Chen, Wei; Wu, Xiaobo; Su, Yanling; Hou, Zhiyong; Zhang, Yingze

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to assess the medium-term results of the reconstruction of posterior wall fractures using a W-shaped acetabular angular plate (WAAP) compared to those fixed using a reconstruction plate. Between July 2006 and March 2009, we performed a retrospective study, which collected data for any patient treated for a posterior acetabular wall fracture. At the time of treatment, patients were either treated using a WAAP or a pelvic reconstruction plate. The intraoperative fluoroscopic images for both groups were compared. The quality of reduction and radiological grading were assessed according to the criteria developed by Matta. The clinical assessment was based on a modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel scoring. 53 patients met the inclusion criteria and were followed up for an average of 38 months. 25 patients were treated with a WAAP (study group), and 28 patients were treated with a pelvic reconstruction plate (control group). The intraoperative fluoroscopic images of the study group confirmed extra-articular screw placement in all cases. In the control group, intra-articular screw placement was observed intraoperatively in 5 patients (17.86%), and the definitive location of the periarticular hardware could not be determined in 4 patients (14.29%) during the operation. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (p = 0.002). In contrast, the quality of fracture reduction, clinical outcomes, and radiological grading in the study group were not significantly different from those of the control group (p>0.05). The radiographic grade was strongly associated with the clinical outcomes in both the study and control groups (pfractures of the acetabulum using a WAAP can help avoid screw penetration of the hip joint, provide a stable fixation of the posterior wall, and ensure good clinical outcomes.

  19. Ten-year incidence and risk factors of bone fractures in a cohort of treated HIV1-infected adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, Fidéline; Duval, Xavier; Lemoing, Vincent; Piroth, Lionel; Al Kaied, Firas; Massip, Patrice; Villes, Virginie; Chêne, Geneviève; Raffi, François

    2009-01-01

    In the ANRS CO8 APROCO-COPILOTE cohort of patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy since 1997–1999, the incidence density of bone fractures was 3.3 for 1,000 patient-years (95% CI: 2.0–4.6). Rate was 2.9-fold (95% CI: 1.3–6.5) higher among patients with excessive alcohol consumption and 3.6-fold (95% CI: 1.6–8.1) higher in those with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection. Specific monitoring of HCV/HIV-coinfected patients and active promotion of alcohol cessation should be recommended for the prevention of bone fractures. PMID:19300202

  20. In vitro study of root fracture treated by CO2 laser and DP-bioactive glass paste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yin-Lin; Lee, Bor-Shiunn; Tseng, Ching-Li; Lin, Feng-Huei; Lin, Chun-Pin

    2008-01-01

    An ideal material has yet to be discovered that can successfully treat vertical root fracture. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to use a continuous-wave CO2 laser of medium-energy density to fuse DP-bioactive glass paste (DPGP) to vertical root fracture. The DP-bioglass powder was based on a Na2O-CaO-SiO2-P2O5 system and it was mixed with phosphoric acid (65% concentration) with a powder/liquid ratio of 2 g/4 mL to form DPGP. The interaction of DPGP and dentin was analyzed by means of X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and differential thermal analysis/thermogravimetric analysis (DTA/TGA). Root fracture line was filled with DPGP followed by CO2 laser irradiation and the result was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The main crystal phase of DPGP was monocalcium phosphate monohydrate (Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O) and the phase transformed to dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO4.2H2O) after mixing DPGP with dentin powder (DPG-D). Additionally, gamma-Ca2P2O7 and beta-Ca2P2O7 were identified when DPG-D was lased by CO2 laser. The reaction temperature was between 500 degrees C and 1100 degrees C. SEM results demonstrated that the fracture line was effectively sealed by DPGP. The chemical reaction of DPGP and dentin indicated that DPGP combined with CO2 laser is a potential regimen for the treatment of vertical root fracture.

  1. Fracture resistance and failure mode of endodontically treated teeth restored using ceramic onlays with or without fiber posts-an ex vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keçeci, Ayşe Diljin; Heidemann, Detlef; Kurnaz, Safa

    2016-08-01

    This study aimed to compare the fracture resistance and fracture modes of ceramic onlay restorations with or without fiber posts in endodontically treated premolars. Fifty extracted human premolars with similar anatomic features were used in this study. Four groups (n = 10) were treated endodontically. Onlay cavities extended to the buccal and palatal cusps and reached out the endodontic accesses were prepared. Ceramic onlay restorations with or without fiber posts were categorized as Group CO (ceramic onlays without posts), Group COQF (ceramic onlays and quartz fiber posts), and Group COGF (ceramic onlays and glass fiber posts). Positive control group was left as non-restored (Group NR). Ten intact teeth were stored as negative control group (Group IT). Fracture resistance was measured using a universal load-testing machine applying compressive load at a crosshead speed of 1 mm min(-1) until fracture. Fracture resistance and modes were evaluated statistically. Ceramic onlay restorations (Groups CO, COQF, COGF) increased the fracture resistance significantly, when compared with non-restored teeth (P fiber posts in terms of fracture resistance (P > 0.05). Negative control group (IT) had significantly higher fracture resistance than all others (P fibers did not increase the fracture resistance significantly. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Is dynamic locking plate(Targon FN) a better choice for treating of intracapsular hip fracture? A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Hao; Pan, Zhengjun; Jiang, Hua

    2018-02-07

    The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of dynamic locking plate (Targon FN) and other alternative implant (cannulated cancellous screws or sliding hip screw) for treating of intracapsular hip fracture. Relevant clinical trials on the dynamic locking plate and alternative implant treatment for intracapsular hip fracture were retrieved through searching the databases, PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to August 2017. Studies that investigated the comparing effectiveness or complications between both groups and provided sufficient data of interest were included in this meta-analysis. Four studies involving 385 intracapsular hip fractures were included. The differences in nonunion [odds ratio (OR) 0.16,95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05-0.49], revision (OR 0.56, 95%CI 0.32-0.96) and replacement rate (OR 0.26, 95%CI 0.10-0.69) were statistically significant between dynamic locking plate and alternative implant group. There was no statistically significant difference in osteonecrosis (OR1.73, 95%CI0.59-5.02), cut-out (OR0.89,95%CI0.23-3.46)and non orthopaedics complication rate (OR0.73, 95% CI 0.38-1.41). The available evidence indicate that dynamic locking plate offers a superior outcome in comparison with alternative implants and reduces the nonunion, revision and replacement rates for treating intracapsular hip fractures, but does not affect the osteonecrosis, cutout and non-orthopadeics complication rate. Decisions should be made in accordance with specific conditions for clinical application. Copyright © 2018 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. A Gustilo Type 3B Open Tibial Fracture Treated with a Proximal Flexor Hallucis Longus Flap: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasuda, Tomohiro; Arai, Masayuki; Sato, Kaoru; Kanzaki, Koji

    2017-01-01

    In the treatment of Gustilo Type 3B open tibial fractures, it is important to perform soft tissue reconstruction and bone reconstruction simultaneously. Gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps are generally used as rotational flaps for the tibia. The distal third of the tibia can often not be covered with the gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps. Treatment distal to the distal third of the tibia is difficult because fewer flap options are available. In the present report, we describe our experience with a Gustilo Type 3B open tibial fracture treated by gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps, along with an additional proximally based flexor hallucis longus flap, which is a rare procedure. The participant was a 17-year-old male who injured his left tibia in a motorcycle traffic accident. Physical examination revealed a wound of 13 cm × 7 cm extending from the medial lower leg to the posterior aspect, with extensive skin loss. There was no nerve or vascular injury. The tibia was exposed, with detachment of the periosteum. The radiograph revealed a tibial shaft fracture. The AO/OTA classification was 42-A3.3, and it was classified as a Gustilo-Anderson Type 3B fracture. Gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps were lifted in the area of the soft-tissue defect and then, placed over the tibia. Despite this, the distal portion of the tibia remained uncovered. Therefore, a flexor hallucis longus flap was lifted and placed over the distal portion of the tibia. On day 7 after the injury, the external fixation device was removed and the tibial shaft was fixated with two Ender nails (4.5 mm in diameter). The clinical course was satisfactory, and the skin graft and flap were successful. Bone union was achieved without infection, and the resulting range of motion was normal. For the treatment of Gustilo-Anderson Type 3B open tibial fractures, early treatment of the soft-tissue defect is vital. We surgically treated a Gustilo-Anderson Type 3B open tibial

  4. Articular congruity is associated with short-term clinical outcomes of operatively treated SER IV ankle fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkes, Marschall B; Little, Milton T M; Lazaro, Lionel E; Pardee, Nadine C; Schottel, Patrick C; Helfet, David L; Lorich, Dean G

    2013-10-02

    With regard to supination-external rotation type-IV (SER IV) ankle fractures, there is no consensus regarding which patient, injury, and treatment variables most strongly influence clinical outcome. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the impact of articular surface congruity on the functional outcomes of operatively treatment of SER IV ankle fractures. A prospectively generated database consisting of operatively treated SER IV ankle fractures was reviewed. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans were used to assess ankle joint congruity. Ankles were considered incongruent in the presence of >2 mm of articular step-off, intra-articular loose bodies, or an articular surface gap of >2 mm (despite an otherwise anatomic reduction) due to joint impaction and comminution. Patients with at least one year of clinical follow-up were eligible for analysis. The primary and secondary outcome measures were the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and ankle motion. One hundred and eight SER IV fractures met our inclusion criteria. The average duration of follow-up was twenty-one months. Seventy-two patients (67%) had a congruent ankle joint, and thirty-six (33%) had elements of articular surface incongruity on postoperative CT scanning. These two groups were similar with regard to comorbidities and injury and treatment variables. At the time of the final follow-up, the group with articular incongruity had a significantly worse FAOS with regard to symptoms (p = 0.012), pain (p = 0.004), and activities of daily living (p = 0.038). Those with articular incongruity had worse average scores in the FAOS sport domain as well. No significant differences in ankle motion were found between the two groups. In this population of patients with an operatively treated SER IV ankle fracture, the presence of postoperative articular incongruity correlated with inferior early clinical outcomes. Orthopaedic surgeons should scrutinize ankle fracture reductions and strive for

  5. Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Roots Restored with Fiber Posts Using Different Resin Cements- An In-vitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopal, Swetha; Irodi, Sujatha; Mehta, Deepak; Subramanya, Shankar; Govindaraju, Vinay Kumar

    2017-02-01

    The influence of the remaining coronal tooth structure along with intra-radicular esthetic posts increases fracture resistance of fractured teeth especially in the anterior region. The advent of resin based luting cements improves the adhesion of fiber posts. To evaluate the fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots restored with fiber posts using different resin cements - Calibra (etch and rinse), PermaFlo® DC (self-etch primer) and SmartCem2 (self-adhesive). Extracted human maxillary central incisors having similar dimensions were decoronated at the Cemento-Enamel Junction (CEJ) to create 16mm long specimens and endodontically treated. A total of 45 teeth were divided into three groups with 15 teeth each for cementation of easy fiber posts (size1, 0.8mm diameter). Post spaces were prepared to a depth of 10mm. Group 1 - Caulk 34% phosphoric acid gel, dual cure adhesive Prime and Bond NT followed by luting of post with Calibra cement. Group 2 - Ultra - etch then Primer A and Primer B, and PermaFlo® DC was used to cement the post. Group 3 - SmartCem2 [1:1 ratio] was used to cement the post. The excess lengths of posts were seared and teeth were mounted on acrylic blocks and loaded under compressive force to the long axis of the tooth which increased in periodic pattern of 1mm/min. The value of the force at which each root section gets fractured was noted. The data were statistically analysed using ANOVA and Tukey's Test. The mean fracture load (and SD) were as follows Group 1 - 762.400 (251.490); Group 2 - 662.933 (206.709); Group 3 - 657.800 (57.372). No statistically significant differences were seen among all three Groups, p-value (0.228). Posts cemented using self -adhesive resin cement SmartCem2 have highest fracture resistance and bonding efficacy of self-adhesive technique showed reliably better results but was comparable to total-etch and self-etch techniques.

  6. The effect of different full-coverage crown systems on fracture resistance and failure pattern of endodontically treated maxillary incisors restored with and without glass fiber posts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salameh, Ziad; Sorrentino, Roberto; Ounsi, Hani F; Sadig, Walid; Atiyeh, Fadi; Ferrari, Marco

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and failure pattern of endodontically treated maxillary incisors restored using composite resin with or without fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) posts under different types of full-coverage crowns. The null hypothesis tested was that fracture resistance and the failure pattern of these teeth were not affected by the use of FRC posts or by the type of full-coverage crown. One hundred twenty maxillary incisors were endodontically treated and divided into 4 groups of 30 each. Each group was divided into two subgroups: restoration with or without fiber post. PFM crowns were placed in group 1, Empress II crowns in group 2, SR Adoro crowns in group 3, and Cercon crowns in group 4. Fracture tests were performed by loading specimens to fracture. Data were analyzed with two-way analysis of variance (alpha = 0.05). The type of crown was not a significant factor affecting fracture resistance (p = 0.4), whereas the presence of a post was (p = 0.001). Both the presence of post and the type of crown had a significant influence on the proportion of restorable versus unrestorable fractures. Although prosthodontics textbooks do not generally advocate the placement of fiber posts in endodontically treated incisors, the results of this study indicate that the use of fiber posts in such teeth increases their resistance to fracture and improves the prognosis in case of fracture.

  7. Bone fractures among postmenopausal patients with endocrine-responsive early breast cancer treated with 5 years of letrozole or tamoxifen in the BIG 1-98 trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rabaglio, M; Sun, Z; Price, K N

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To compare the incidence and timing of bone fractures in postmenopausal women treated with 5 years of adjuvant tamoxifen or letrozole for endocrine-responsive early breast cancer in the Breast International Group (BIG) 1-98 trial. METHODS: We evaluated 4895 patients allocated to 5 years...... of letrozole or tamoxifen in the BIG 1-98 trial who received at least some study medication (median follow-up 60.3 months). Bone fracture information (grade, cause, site) was collected every 6 months during trial treatment. RESULTS: The incidence of bone fractures was higher among patients treated...... with letrozole [228 of 2448 women (9.3%)] versus tamoxifen [160 of 2447 women (6.5%)]. The wrist was the most common site of fracture in both treatment groups. Statistically significant risk factors for bone fractures during treatment included age, smoking history, osteoporosis at baseline, previous bone...

  8. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy manifested with isolated calcaneal periostitis in bone scintigraphy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moralidis, Efstratios; Gerasimou, Georgios; Theodoridou, Athina; Hilidis, Ilias; Mylonaki, Efrosyni; Gotzamani-Psarrakou, Anna

    2010-05-01

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is an incompletely understood syndrome characterized by digital clubbing and periosteal proliferation of long bones and it is commonly associated with primary lung tumors. Bone scintigraphy is a sensitive method in detecting HOA and characteristic findings have been reported. We present the case of a man with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer, unremarkable clinical examination and blood tests and no digital clubbing. During disease staging, however, bone scintigraphy showed intense calcaneal cortical proliferation bilaterally without involvement of other parts of the skeleton. Cortical reaction of both calcanei resolved significantly after chemotherapy. This case indicates that HOA may manifest with isolated calcaneal periostitis bilaterally, which is a new addition to the literature.

  9. Treating Simple Tibia Fractures with Poly-DL-Lactic Acid Screw as a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the clinic at present, is a metal material, which has strong stress shielding and easily leads to breakage of the lock pin ... In addition, the stress shielding of static locking is also an important factor that cannot be ignored ..... Evaluation of the effectiveness of the angular stable locking system in patients with distal tibial fractures.

  10. Osteochondral Talar Fracture Treated with Arthroscopic Reduction and Internal Fixation: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas A Pagonis

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation (ARIF is becoming a popular technique for the management of articular fractures. Case report: A 41 year old is admitted following an RTA with a transverse fracture of the left fibula and an avulsed TCF of the lateral cortex of the talus. Management: Arthroscopic intervention from the anterior portals and ORIF with LC-DCP was selected. There was a Transchondral fracture (TCF and 4 fragments measuring from 2-5 mm. All were removed. A larger TCF fragment was found to be positioned posteriorly to the portals and inaccessible so a posterior portal was opened so that the fragment could be dislodged, grasped and removed from the anterior portal. The size of this fragment was 9×11 mm. An uneventful ORIF of the fibular fracture was performed with a 7 hole LC-DCP with combined locking and normal holes. Discussion: Arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation may cost more initially but in the long-term it may result in reduced costs mainly associated with chronic conditions.

  11. The societal costs of femoral neck fracture patients treated with internal fixation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zielinski, S.M.; Bouwmans, C.A.; Heetveld, M.J.; Bhandari, M.; Patka, P.; Lieshout, E.M. van; Kampen, A. van

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY: The study rationale was to provide a detailed overview of the costs for femoral neck fracture treatment with internal fixation in the Netherlands. Mean total costs per patient at 2-years follow-up were 19,425. Costs were higher for older, less healthy patients. Results are

  12. Atypical femoral fracture in an osteogenesis imperfecta patient successfully treated with teriparatide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jakob; Eiken, Pia; Hyldstrup, Lars

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: We report a case of a successfully healed atypical femoral fracture (AFF) following treatment with teriparatide in a patient with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). To our knowledge, no successful treatment of AFFs with teriparatide in this subpopulation has ever been described. METHODS...

  13. The societal costs of femoral neck fracture patients treated with internal fixation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Zielinski (Stephanie); C.A.M. Bouwmans-Frijters (Clazien); M.J. Heetveld (Martin); M. Bhandari (Mohit); P. Patka (Peter); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ The study rationale was to provide a detailed overview of the costs for femoral neck fracture treatment with internal fixation in the Netherlands. Mean total costs per patient at 2-years follow-up were €19,425. Costs were higher for older, less healthy patients.

  14. Local and Widespread Hyperalgesia After Isolated Tibial Shaft Fractures Treated with Intramedullary Nailing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter; Elsøe, Rasmus; Graven-Nielsen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    postoperatively after intramedullary nailing of tibial shaft fracture. METHODS: A total of 39 patients were included in this 12-month follow-up study. After 6 weeks, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively the pain intensity was measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) and the pressure pain sensitivity was assessed...

  15. Outcomes of osteoporotic trochanteric fractures treated with cement-augmented dynamic hip screw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Kumar Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dynamic hip screw (DHS has been the standard treatment for stable trochanteric fracture patterns, but complications of lag screw cut out from a superior aspect, due to inadequate bone anchorage, occur frequently in elderly osteoporotic patients. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA has been used as an augmentation tool to facilitate fixation stability in cadaveric femora for biomechanical studies and in pathological fractures. However, there are very few reports on the utilization of PMMA cement to prevent these complications in fresh intertrochanteric fractures. A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the outcome and efficacy of PMMA augmented DHS in elderly osteoporotic patients with intertrochanteric fractures. Materials and Methods: The study included 64 patients (AO type31-A2.1 in eight, A2.2 in 29, A2.3 in 17 patients, and 31-A3.1 in five, A3.2 in three, and A3.3 in two patients with an average age of 72 years (60 − 94 years of which 60 were available for final followup. PMMA augmentation of DHS was performed in all cases by injecting PMMA cement into the femoral head with a custommade gun designed by the authors. The clinical outcome was rated as per the Salvati and Wilson scoring system at the time of final followup of one year. Results were graded as excellent (score > 31, good (score 24 − 31, fair (score 16 − 23, and poor (score < 16. Results: Fracture united in all patients and the average time to union was 13.8 weeks (range 12 − 16 weeks. At an average followup of 18 months (range 12 − 24 months, no incidence of varus collapse or superior screw cut out was observed in any of the patients in spite of weightbearing ambulation from the early postoperative period. There was no incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN or cement penetration into the joint in our series. Most of the patients were able to regain their prefracture mobility status with a mean hip pain score of 8.6. Conclusion: Cement augmentation of DHS appears

  16. Prediction of Reoperation of Femoral Neck Fractures Treated With Cannulated Screws in Elderly Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregersen, Merete; Krogshede, Anna; Brink, Ole; Damsgaard, Else Marie

    2015-12-01

    Reoperation of femoral neck fractures in elderly patients is frequent. Our aim was to determine predictors of reoperations following primary internal fixation with 3 cannulated screws. A follow-up study included all patients aged 65+ years old patients consecutively admitted to an orthopedic ward with femoral neck fracture in the period from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2010, and fixed with cannulated screws. We retrospectively obtained all available data from patient databases related to potential predictors of reoperations: gender, age, dwelling, dementia, body mass index, vitamin D, albumin, prednisolone treatment, walking aid, performance of activities of daily living, low-energy trauma, initial displacement, and surgery quality. Outcome was reoperation due to fixation failure/prominent screws, nonunion, or avascular necrosis of femoral head within 2 years after surgery. By multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression, including mortality as a competing risk, we estimated crude and adjusted hazards ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for reoperation. Two years after surgery, 29% of 322 elderly patients underwent reoperation. Reoperation was associated with primary fracture displacement (HRadjusted 1.61; 95% CI: 1.01-2.55; P = .04) compared to undisplacement. A poor quality of primary reduction was associated with a higher risk of reoperations than a good quality (HRadjusted 1.95; 95% CI: 1.02-3.72; P = .04). Elderly individuals in own homes and sheltered housings had a higher risk of reoperation (HRadjusted 2.67; 95% CI 1.35-5.31; P = .005) compared to nursing home residents. Our findings support the evidence of a higher incidence of reoperation in displaced femoral neck fractures compared to the nondisplaced and is associated with poor quality of fracture reduction. Reoperations are most frequent in younger and more independent patients living at home.

  17. A Study on Fracture Resistance of Class IV Cavities Treated with Pins

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    Boteva E.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Тhе use of pins in restoration of large cavities with esthetic resin materials appear in the dental literature after 1970 and there are less than 20 publications, focused around restorations of class IV cavities. The aim of the present study is to test the role of pins in the fracture resistance in class IV restorations with resin materials. Materials and methods: 68 matured human upper and lower sound front teeth are included in the study. The groups are upper incisors, lower incisors, canines with or without pins. All cavities are filled with the same resin material, technology and Prime bond NT. Termocycling: 30 days in 30ºС, 100% humidity, 60 days in 100% humidity 2Х12 hours at 35ºС and 40ºС and 100 dry cycles, 20 seconds each in the following order - 45ºС ± 3ºС, room temperature, 5ºС, room temperature, two series, 50 each with two days between in Cultura incubator of Viva Dent 55ºС and ice. Machine for vertical load testing ZD 10/90, load in Newtons (N, from 20 N to 1275 N, speed 0.5 mm/ min, displacement from 0.1 to 1.2 mm. Type of fractures observed: adhesive, cohesive in dentine and in resin material, mixed. Results: The highest proportion of fractures observed was in front teeth with large cavities and with pins, low loading (493-503N. Front teeth with large cavities without pins have better resistance and lower proportion of fractures (488-526N. Canines are more resistible with pins and less without. Lowest resistance is found in lower front teeth when pins are present. Conclusion: In class IV restorations when tissue loses are less than 2/3 of the incisal ridge pins can decrease the fracture resistance of the teeth.

  18. Predictable healing of femoral neck fractures treated with intraoperative compression and length-stable implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boraiah, Sreevathsa; Paul, Omesh; Hammoud, Sommer; Gardner, Michael J; Helfet, David L; Lorich, Dean G

    2010-07-01

    A healed, yet shortened, femoral neck has historically been deemed a success in fracture treatment. This, however, comes at the price of diminished physical function and quality of life. We analyzed the outcomes of our treatment algorithm, which attempts to minimize postoperative shortening of femoral neck fractures and determined which preoperative factors were associated with femoral neck shortening and failure of surgical fixation. This is level IV retrospective study. Fifty-four patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation for acute femoral neck fracture with nonsliding constructs. The collapse of the femoral neck in the horizontal (X), vertical (Y), and along the resultant along the (Z) vector (X+Y=Z) was measured on anteroposterior radiographs corrected for leg rotation. The migration of the superior-most screw tip in all axes was measured. Age, gender, Garden grade, and Pauwel's angle were analyzed for their association with shortening or failure of surgical fixation. The average age of the patients was 78.1 years. There were 23 Garden I, 2 Garden II, 14 Garden III, and 15 Garden IV fractures. Fifty-one (94%) healed successfully without complications. The minimum follow-up was 9 months (average, 17.6 months; range, 9-30 months). Surgical fixation failed in two patients, and one patient developed avascular necrosis. The average displacement of the femoral head and the screw tip was 1.23, 0.86, 1.98 mm and 0.7 mm, 0.9 mm, and 1.7 mm in the X, Y, and Z (resultant) vectors, respectively. With careful consideration to reduction, we fixed femoral neck fractures with nonsliding constructs, resulting in a high union rate with very minimal shortening of the femoral neck.

  19. The conundrum of calcaneal spurs: do they matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moroney, Paul J; O'Neill, Barry J; Khan-Bhambro, Khalid; O'Flanagan, Shay J; Keogh, Peter; Kenny, Paddy J

    2014-04-01

    Chronic plantar heel pain is a common and potentially debilitating condition, often caused by plantar fasciitis. Plantar calcaneal spurs were originally considered the cause of plantar fasciitis but are now regarded as an incidental finding by most authors. We aimed to test this hypothesis and to investigate predisposing factors for the development of spurs. We reviewed all lateral ankle X rays taken in our institution over a 6-month period and identified all X rays demonstrating calcaneal spurs. Then, we identified a similar number of age- and sex-matched controls without spurs. We contacted both groups by telephone and compared symptoms of heel pain, plantar fasciitis, associated comorbidities, and foot and ankle outcome scores (FAOSs). We reviewed the X rays of 1103 consecutive patients and found a spur prevalence of 12.4%, more common in women and older patients. Questioning of the spur group and control group found a higher body mass index in the spur group. Patients with spurs were 4 times more likely to have diabetes mellitus and 10 times more likely to have lower-limb osteoarthritis. Patients with spurs had more foot pain and poorer FAOS than the control group, even when patients with plantar fasciitis were excluded. Our results demonstrate that the presence of a plantar calcaneal spur may be an indicator of foot pain independent of plantar fasciitis. Although spurs may not cause foot pain themselves, they may be an indication of other associated conditions. We have demonstrated the relevance of a radiographic finding once considered irrelevant.

  20. The Comparison Between Affected and Non-Affected Side of the Calcaneal Bone Density in Chronic Hemiparetic Patients

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    Demet Ofluoğlu

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Stroke is a non-traumatic brain injury caused by occlusion or rupture of cerebral blood vessels that results in sudden neurological deficit characterized by loss of motor control, altered sensation, cognitive or language impairment, disequilibrium, or coma. Immobilization is an important risk factor for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to compare between affected and non-affected side’s calcaneal bone mineral density in chronic hemiparetic patients. Thirty-tree unilateral and independently mobile hemiparetic patients due to stroke were included in the study. The exclusion criteria were to have poor general health status, bilateral involvement, congenital dislocation of hip and past calcaneal fracture history. Motor functional level, spasticity and daily living activities of the patients were assessed by using Brunstrom, Ashworth and Barthel scales, respectively. The calcaneal bone mineral density was evaluated with DXL-Calscan in both affected and non-affected side of all patients. Patients’ mean age and duration of disease were 58.9±11.9 years and 20±19.4 months, respectively. 48.5% of patients were male and 60.6% has right side hemiparesis. Their mean spasticity level was 1.6±1.2 according to Ashworth Scale. Mean motor functional level and activity of daily living score were 4.5±1 and 87.4±22.2, respectively. The calcaneal mean T score was –2.1±0.9 and –1.7±0.7 in affected and non-affected side, respectively. In the pearson correlation analysis, there were positive correlation between age and non-affected Z score (r=0.42, p=0.01; Brunstrom score and affected side T score (r=0.48, p=0.005; Brunstrom score and affected side BMD (r=0.51, p=0.002. On the other hand, there were negative correlation between age and disease duration (r=-0.36, p=0.03; Ashworth score and Brunstrom (r=-0.66, p=0.0001, affected side T score (r=-0.41, p=0.01, affected side Z score (r=-0.35, p=0.04, affected BMD (r=-0.46, p=0.01. However, there was no

  1. Low bone mineral density is not related to failure in femoral neck fracture patients treated with internal fixation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viberg, Bjarke; Ryg, Jesper; Overgaard, Søren

    2014-01-01

    the importance of low bone mineral density (BMD). Patients and methods - 140 consecutive patients (105 females, median age 80) treated with IF had a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan of the hip performed median 80 days after treatment. The patients' radiographs were evaluated for fracture displacement......, implant positioning, and quality of reduction. From a questionnaire completed during admission, 2 variables for comorbidity and walking disability were chosen. Primary outcome was low hip BMD (amount of mineral matter per square centimeter of hip bone) compared to hip failure (resection, arthroplasty...

  2. [Percutaneous vertebroplasty to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures combined with intravertebral clefts by unilateral approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Wanxu; Mi, Shijun; Gao, Jingchun

    2012-11-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with or without intravertebral clefts by unilateral approach and the impact of intravertebral clefts on the effectiveness. The clinical data of 65 patients who met the inclusion criteria of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture were retrospectively analyzed. According to having intravertebral clefts or not, the patients were divided into 2 groups: cleft group (group A, n=25) and non-cleft group (group B, n=40). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, the level of fracture vertebrae, degree of damage, and interval of injury and operation between 2 groups (P > 0.05). All patients were given PVP procedure by unilateral approach. The operation time, the injected volume of bone cement, time to ambulate, complications, and adjacent vertebral re-fracture were recorded. The height of anterior and middle column and the posterior convex Cobb angle of injured spine were measured on the lateral X-ray film in standing position at preoperation and 1, 48 weeks after operation. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI) system were used to evaluate the pain relief and improvement of daily activity function respectively at preoperation and 1, 4, and 48 weeks after operation. There was no significant difference in the operation time and time to ambulate between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The injected volume of bone cement in group B was significantly less than that in group A (t=1.833, P=0.034). Asymptomatic cement leakage occurred in 6 patients (4 in group A and 2 in group B), in group A including 1 case of venous leakage, 2 cases of paravertebral leakage, and 1 case of intradiscal leakage; in group B including 2 cases of venous leakage. No symptomatic pulmonary embolism was observed. The vital sign was stable during operation and postoperatively. All patients were followed up 12-30 months

  3. A Study of Inflammatory/Necrosis Biomarkers in the Fracture of the Femur Treated with Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation

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    Mariapaola Marino

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pertrochanteric fractures are common injuries in adults and source of morbidity and mortality among the elderly. Different surgical techniques were recommended for their treatment but undoubtedly they add an additional inflammatory trauma along the fracture itself. Many attempts to quantify the degree of approach-related trauma are carried out through measurements of systemic inflammatory parameters. In this study we prospectively analyzed laboratory data of 20 patients over eighty with pertrochanteric fracture of the femur treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA. This is an excellent device for osteosynthesis because it can be easily and quickly inserted by a mini-incision providing stable fixation and early full mobilization. Serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP, and plasma creatin kinase (CK were evaluated 1 hour preoperatively and 24 hours postoperatively. Our results show that PFNA did not induce significant increments in serum levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6; CRP was elevated preoperatively in correlation with waiting time for surgery; CRP and CK showed a significant increment in the first postoperatory day; CK increment was correlated with surgical time length. We conclude that, for the markers we analyzed, PFNA shows a low biomechanical-inflammatory profile that represents an advantage over other techniques.

  4. Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis with eight fractures in the vertebral column treated with kyphoplasty and bracing: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonacker, J; Janousek, M; Kröber, M

    2014-02-01

    Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis is a rare condition, which imposes multiple symptoms in the musculoskeletal system. Common complaints announced by patients are severe pain in the lower back, hips and the joints of the lower extremities with a reduced and less mobility status in general. Most of the patients' problems occur in the last trimester of pregnancy or postpartum and are often not diagnosed as side effects of osteoporosis but as problems associated with pregnancy. Although vertebral fractures are rare complications of pregnancy-associated osteoporosis, they should be always considered in women presenting with an acute pain syndrome in peripregnancy period. This case presents a 40-year-old primagravid woman who developed pain in hips and severe pain in the lower back causing an immobilization diagnosed with a pregnancy-associated osteoporosis with eight compression fractures in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Because of sagittal imbalance of the spine, she was treated with kyphoplasty at the four lumbar fractures and with bracing for the upper, thoracic ones, additional to the conservative anti-osteoporotic therapy. The authors discuss pregnancy-associated osteoporosis and its clinical presentation, as well as the indications of kyphoplasty, spinal alignment and the risk of single conservative treatment.

  5. Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Maxillary Premolars Restored by Various Direct Filling Materials: An In Vitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mincik, Jozef; Urban, Daniel; Timkova, Silvia; Urban, Renata

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the effect of various restorative materials on fracture resistance in maxillary premolars. Premolars (n = 64) with no restorations or cracks were selected. MOD cavities were prepared considering the buccolingual width to be equal to half of the intercuspal distance. The specimens were randomly divided into 8 groups, 8 specimens each: group A intact teeth, group B unfilled cavity, group C composite made by oblique layering technique, group D composite with 2 mm cusp coverage, group E bulk-filled posterior composite, group F glass-ionomer, group G amalgam, and group H composite with proximal boxes. The specimens were subjected to an axial compression load with the mean values of fracture resistance in group A: 1289 N, group B: 181.75 N, group C: 445.38 N, group D: 645.88 N, group E: 355.13 N, group F: 352.00 N, group G: 191.38 N, and group H: 572.00 N. There was no significant difference between groups B and G, between C and D, E, and F, and between group D and H. All other measurements were statistically significant. We conclude that composite restoration with cusp coverage is the most ideal nonprosthetic solution for endodontically treated teeth. Cusp coverage increases the fracture resistance compared to the conventional cavity design.

  6. Distal tibial pilon fractures (AO/OTA type B, and C treated with the external skeletal and minimal internal fixation method

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    Milenković Saša

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Distal tibial pilon fractures include extra-articular fractures of the tibial metaphysis and the more severe intra-articular tibial pilon fractures. There is no universal method for treating distal tibial pilon fractures. These fractures are treated by means of open reduction, internal fixation (ORIF and external skeletal fixation. The high rate of soft-tissue complications associated with primary ORIF of pilon fractures led to the use of external skeletal fixation, with limited internal fixation as an alternative technique for definitive management. The aim of this study was to estimate efficacy of distal tibial pilon fratures treatment using the external skeletal and minimal internal fixation method. Methods. We presented a series of 31 operated patients with tibial pilon fractures. The patients were operated on using the method of external skeletal fixation with a minimal internal fixation. According to the AO/OTA classification, 17 patients had type B fracture and 14 patients type C fractures. The rigid external skeletal fixation was transformed into a dynamic external skeletal fixation 6 weeks post-surgery. Results. This retrospective study involved 31 patients with tibial pilon fractures, average age 41.81 (from 21 to 60 years. The average follow-up was 21.86 (from 12 to 48 months. The percentage of union was 90.32%, nonunion 3.22% and malunion 6.45%. The mean to fracture union was 14 (range 12-20 weeks. There were 4 (12.19% infections around the pins of the external skeletal fixator and one (3.22% deep infections. The ankle joint arthrosis as a late complication appeared in 4 (12.90% patients. All arthroses appeared in patients who had type C fractures. The final functional results based on the AOFAS score were excellent in 51.61%, good in 32.25%, average in 12.90% and bad in 3.22% of the patients. Conclusion. External skeletal fixation and minimal internal fixation of distal tibial pilon fractures is a good method for

  7. FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME IN SURGICALLY TREATED DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Romero, Joel; Bermudez-Soto, Ignacio; Torres-González, Rubén; Espinoza-Choque, Fernando; Zazueta-Hernandez, Jesús Abraham; Perez-Atanasio, José Manuel

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with developing complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) after surgical treatment for distal radius fracture (DRF). This case-control study analyzed patients seen from January 2014 to January 2016. Results: In our sample of 249 patients, 4% developed CRPS. Associated factors were economic compensation via work disability (odds ratio [OR] 14.3), age (OR 9.38), associated fracture (OR 12.94), and level of impact (OR 6.46), as well as psychiatric history (OR 7.21). Economically-productive aged patients with a history of high-impact trauma and patients with a history of psychiatric disorders have greater risk of developing CRPS after DRF. Level of Evidence III, Case-Control Study.

  8. Long-term survival and risk factors for failure of the native hip joint after operatively treated displaced acetabular fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke-Jenssen, J; Røise, O; Storeggen, S A Ø; Madsen, J E

    2017-06-01

    Our aim in this study was to describe the long-term survival of the native hip joint after open reduction and internal fixation of a displaced fracture of the acetabulum. We also present long-term clinical outcomes and risk factors associated with a poor outcome. A total of 285 patients underwent surgery for a displaced acetabular fracture between 1993 and 2005. For the survival analysis 253 were included, there were 197 men and 56 women with a mean age of 42 years (12 to 78). The mean follow-up of 11 years (1 to 20) was identified from our pelvic fracture registry. There were 99 elementary and 154 associated fracture types. For the long-term clinical follow-up, 192 patients with complete data were included. Their mean age was 40 years (13 to 78) with a mean follow-up of 12 years (5 to 20). Injury to the femoral head and acetabular impaction were assessed with CT scans and patients with an ipsilateral fracture of the femoral head were excluded. A total of 36 patients underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). The overall ten-year survival of the hip joint was 86% (95% confidence interval (CI) 81% to 90%) and the 20-year survival was 82% (95% CI 76% to 87%). Injury to the femoral head and acetabular impaction were the strongest predictors of failure, with the long-term survival rate falling towards 50% in these patients. The survival fell to 0% at three years when both these risk factors were present in patients aged > 60 years. The long-term survival of the native hip joint after acetabular fractures was good, but the presence of injury to the femoral head and acetabular impaction proved to be strong predictors of failure, especially in patients aged > 60 years. These patients may be better treated with a combination of open reduction and internal fixation and primary arthroplasty. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:834-40. ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  9. Effect of obturating systems, dowel materials, and adhesive luting techniques on the resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Guindy, Jylan; Fouda, Manar Y

    2010-10-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the role of obturating systems, dowel materials, and adhesive techniques on the resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth. Eighty maxillary central incisors were selected and randomly divided into two groups according to the obturating system (n = 40); group I: gutta-percha and Roeko sealer; group II: RealSeal. Both groups were further subdivided into two subgroups; subgroup A: using ceramic dowels (Cosmopost); subgroup B using fiber dowels (Easy Post). Each subgroup was assigned to two divisions according to the adhesive luting technique; division V (total-etch) Variolink II resin cement; division U (self-adhesive) RelyX Unicem. Composite core build-up was made using a core former. Each specimen was loaded 2 mm from its incisal edge on the palatal side at a 135° angle with the long axis of the tooth using a universal testing machine with a load cell of 5 KN at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until fracture. Failure loads were recorded in N. Scanning electron microscopic examination at the dentin/resin interface (1000x) was performed. Three-way ANOVA was used to test the effect of obturating system, dowel material, adhesive technique, and their interactions (obturating system * dowel material, obturating system * adhesive, dowel material * adhesive, obturating system * dowel material * adhesive). Duncan's test was used for pairwise comparison. The significance level was set at p≤ 0.05. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 16.0. The mean resistance to fracture (617.4 N) was statistically significantly higher in the ceramic dowel with gutta-percha and Variolink (GP/C/V) group than in the other groups. The RealSeal and RelyX fiber dowel group's mean resistance was the lowest and was significantly lower than the other groups. In this study, three factors played a part in enhancing the resistance to fracture of endodontically treated teeth. High resistance to fracture was achieved when ceramic dowels were luted

  10. [Comparing clinical effects of titanic elastic nail and locking compression pine fixation in treating subtrochanteric fractures in older children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Kang-xiang; Yin, Shan-qing

    2013-12-01

    To explore optimal choice of surgical treatment for subtrochanteric fractures in older children. A retrospective study of 36 older children with subtrochanteric fractures was performed between January 2010 and January 2012. Among them, 18 patients (11 males and 7 females) aged from 7 to 13 years old with an average of 9.4 were treated with titanic elastic nail (TEN) fixation, 4 cases were Type II A, 3 cases were II B, 2 cases were II C, 4 cases were III A, 3 cases were III B according to Seinsheimer classification. Eighteen patients (10 males and 8 females) aged was from 8 to 13 years with an average of 9.6 were treated with locking compression pine (LCP) fixation, and 3 cases were Type II A, 4 cases were II B, 3 cases were II C, 4 cases were IIIA, 2 cases were III B. Fracture healing time, postoperative complications (including wound infection, failure and breakage of internal fixtion, deformities of angular on the sagittal view, deformities of coxa vara) and recovery of hip joint function were observed and recorded. All children were followed up from 15 to 36 months with an average of 21. Fracture were all healed, the time ranged from 7 to 16 weeks (mean 9.5). Three cases in TEN group occurred mild deformities of angular on the sagittal view, 3 cases occurred deformities of coxa vara and 2 cases occurred limb shortening; while 1 case occurred mild deformities of angular on the sagittal view, and no deformities of coxa vara and limb shortening occurred in LCP group. No early close of epiphyseal injury, avascular necrosis of femoral head occurred. Clinical efficacy were evaluated by Sanders standard, 14 cases got excellent results, 3 cases were moderate in LCP group, while 9 cases in excellent, 4 in moderate in TEN group. There were no significant differences between two group in recovery of hip joint function and complications. For the treatment of subtrochanteric fractures in older children,the efficacy of LCP fixation is better than that of TFN fixation, which

  11. [Osteosynthetic material breakage in patients treated with DHS for proximal femoral fracture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrubina, M; Skoták, M; Krumpl, O; Míka, P; Letocha, J

    2012-03-01

    In the literature, there are only few articles about the metal breakage after the Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS) osteosynthesis. We have evaluated our group of patients focusing on these specific complications. We have evaluated a group of 428 patients (321 female and 107 male subjects) who underwent a total of 456 135 degrees 1"-collar DHS osteosyntheses, for primary proximal femoral fractures. The patients were aged 82.3 years on average, the procedures were performed during 1996-2009. We focused on the ostesynthetic material breakage (K-wire, sliding screw, hip plate, cortical screws). The follow-up period was 2 years. Out of 16 DHS used for intracapsular femoral neck fractures, metal breakage was recorded in one case (6.25%)-(K-wire) and no reoperation was required. Out of a total of 436 DHS procedures performed for stable pertrochanteric fractures, metal breakage complications were recorded in 8 cases (1.8%)-(3 times K-wire, 3 times cortical screws, 2 times sliding screw), and reoperation was indicated in 4 cases (2 times sliding screw, 2 times cortical screws). Out of a total of 4 DHS procedures used for subtrochanteric fractures, osteosynthetic material breakage was recorded in two cases (50%)-(1 times K-wire, 1 times cortical screws) and no reoperation was required. No cases of hip plate breakage were recorded. Out of a total of all 456 DHS procedures metal breakage was recorded in 11 cases in total (2.4%), reoperation was required in 4 cases (0.9%). In the literature, the authors found only several articles related to the osteosynthetic material breakage after DHS surgery. Correct indication and operation technique can reduce occurence of this specific complication and the reoperation rates. In future, the authors plan to employ computer modelling methods and biomechanic analysis.

  12. Preoperative skeletal versus cutaneous traction for femoral shaft fractures treated within 24 hours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Even, Jesse L; Richards, Justin E; Crosby, Colin G; Kregor, Philip J; Mitchell, Erika J; Jahangir, Alex A; Tressler, Marc A; Obremskey, William T

    2012-10-01

    To compare the advantages and disadvantages of preoperative cutaneous traction versus skeletal traction in adults with diaphyseal femur fractures amenable to fixation within 24 hours. Randomized prospective trial. Level I trauma center in a major metropolitan area. Sixty-five patients with 66 femur fractures were prospectively enrolled and randomized to a traction group from July 2009 to July 2010. Time of application for on call physicians/practitioners, pain relief after application of traction; time of reduction in the operating room theater, and evaluation of pain medication consumption before stabilization. Thirty-seven patients received cutaneous femoral traction, whereas 29 patients received skeletal traction. There was a significant reduction in time of application for the cutaneous traction (24.30 ± 24.74 minutes) compared with skeletal traction (57.10 ± 33.60 minutes) (P ≤ 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in visual analog scale (VAS) scores when compared with pretraction application pain assessment and posttraction pain assessment between the cutaneous and skeletal traction groups with a decrease in the VAS of (0.56 ± 3.73 and 0.54 ± 2.76), respectively (P = 0.99). There was no difference in pain medication requirements between groups (0.12 ± 0.17 mg/kg for cutaneous versus 0.09 ± 0.14 mg/kg for skeletal, P = 0.39). There was no significant difference in reduction time of the fracture (skin incision or opening reamer to guide wire passage) in the operating room between cutaneous traction versus skeletal traction (P = 0.59). Use of cutaneous traction for diaphyseal femur fractures when compared with skeletal traction results in a statistically significant reduction in time of application to the on call practitioner with no complications or detrimental change in operative time and no difference in VAS pain scores or narcotic usage.

  13. Management and Followup of Complicated Crown Fractures in Young Patients Treated with Partial Pulpotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ojeda-Gutierrez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Two cases of young patients with traumatized permanent teeth having complicated crown fractures are reported. Endodontic management included partial pulpotomy by the Cvek technique; restorative management included resin restoration and reattachment of the teeth fragments. Treatments were considered successful in all cases according to the following criteria: absence of clinical symptoms, absence of X-ray signs of pathology, and presence of pulpal vitality 6 to 25 months after treatment.

  14. Treating postmenopausal osteoporosis in women at increased risk of fracture - critical appraisal of bazedoxifene: a review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Peter; Thomsen, Iva Susanna vio Streym

    2010-01-01

    in which 7492 postmenopausal women aged 55 to 85 years were randomly allocated to 1) bazedoxifene (20 [n = 1886] or 40 [n = 1872] mg/day); 2) raloxifene (60 mg/day, n = 1849); or 3) placebo (n = 1885). The risk of vertebral fractures decreased with both 20 (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.89) and 40 (HR 0.63, 95...

  15. SUBSTANTIATION OF THE NEW METHOD OF CLOSED REDUCTION OF FRACTURE CALCANEUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. Kupitman

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors presented the results of analysis of surgical treatment 52 patients with calcaneal fractures in the trauma department of Magnitogorsk city hospital N 3 from 2007 to 2009. On the basis of these results a new classification of calcaneal fractures was created, which determined the tactics of closed reduction. The author’s method of minimally invasive reposition in patients with calcaneal fractures n is described. The results of applying this technique in 25 patients were evaluated. According to the authors, the closed reduction technique is simple and can be applied in any trauma department in the presence of X-ray control. This technique has a very good cosmetic results and the small number of postoperative complications.

  16. In Hospital and 3-Month Mortality and Functional Recovery Rate in Patients Treated for Hip Fracture by a Multidisciplinary Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rostagno, Carlo; Buzzi, Roberto; Campanacci, Domenico; Boccacini, Alberto; Cartei, Alessandro; Virgili, Gianni; Belardinelli, Andrea; Matarrese, Daniela; Ungar, Andrea; Rafanelli, Martina; Gusinu, Roberto; Marchionni, Niccolò

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Medical comorbidities affect outcome in elderly patients with hip fracture. This study was designed to preliminarily evaluate the usefulness of a hip-fracture unit led by an internal medicine specialist. Methods In-hospital and 3-month outcomes in patients with hip fracture were prospectively evaluated in 121 consecutive patients assessed before and followed after surgery by a multidisciplinary team led by internal medicine specialist; 337 consecutive patients were recalled from ICD-9 discharge records and considered for comparison regarding in-hospital mortality. Results In the intervention period, patients treated within 48 hours were 54% vs. 26% in the historical cohort (P<0.0001). In-hospital mortality remained stable at about 2.3 per 1000 person-days. At 3 months, 10.3% of discharged patients had died, though less than 8% of patients developed postoperative complications (mainly pneumonia and respiratory failure). The presence of more than 2 major comorbidities and the loss of 3 or more BADL were independent predictors of death. 50/105 patients recovered previous functional capacity, but no independent predictor of functional recovery could be identified. Mean length of hospital stay significantly decreased in comparison to the historical cohort (13.6± 4.7 vs 17 ± 5 days, p = 0.0001). Combined end-point of mortality and length of hospitalization < 12 days was significantly lower in study period (27 vs 34%, p <0.0132). Conclusions Identification and stabilization of concomitant clinical problems by internal medicine specialists may safely decrease time to surgery in frail subjects with hip fracture. Moreover, integrated perioperative clinical management may shorten hospital stay with no apparent increase in in-hospital mortality and ultimately improve the outcome. These results are to be confirmed by a larger study presently ongoing at our institution. PMID:27389193

  17. In Hospital and 3-Month Mortality and Functional Recovery Rate in Patients Treated for Hip Fracture by a Multidisciplinary Team.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Rostagno

    Full Text Available Medical comorbidities affect outcome in elderly patients with hip fracture. This study was designed to preliminarily evaluate the usefulness of a hip-fracture unit led by an internal medicine specialist.In-hospital and 3-month outcomes in patients with hip fracture were prospectively evaluated in 121 consecutive patients assessed before and followed after surgery by a multidisciplinary team led by internal medicine specialist; 337 consecutive patients were recalled from ICD-9 discharge records and considered for comparison regarding in-hospital mortality.In the intervention period, patients treated within 48 hours were 54% vs. 26% in the historical cohort (P<0.0001. In-hospital mortality remained stable at about 2.3 per 1000 person-days. At 3 months, 10.3% of discharged patients had died, though less than 8% of patients developed postoperative complications (mainly pneumonia and respiratory failure. The presence of more than 2 major comorbidities and the loss of 3 or more BADL were independent predictors of death. 50/105 patients recovered previous functional capacity, but no independent predictor of functional recovery could be identified. Mean length of hospital stay significantly decreased in comparison to the historical cohort (13.6± 4.7 vs 17 ± 5 days, p = 0.0001. Combined end-point of mortality and length of hospitalization < 12 days was significantly lower in study period (27 vs 34%, p <0.0132.Identification and stabilization of concomitant clinical problems by internal medicine specialists may safely decrease time to surgery in frail subjects with hip fracture. Moreover, integrated perioperative clinical management may shorten hospital stay with no apparent increase in in-hospital mortality and ultimately improve the outcome. These results are to be confirmed by a larger study presently ongoing at our institution.

  18. Clinical and radiological outcomes of unstable proximal humeral fractures treated with a locking plate and fibular strut allograft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panchal, Karnav; Jeong, Jae-Jung; Park, Sang-Eun; Kim, Weon-Yoo; Min, Hyung-Ki; Kim, Ju-Yeong; Ji, Jong-Hun

    2016-03-01

    To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of unstable proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) treated with a locking plate and fibular strut allograft. This study included 36 patients [7 men, 29 women; mean age, 68 years (range, 22-94 years)] with unstable PHFs with medial column disruption. All patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using a locking plate and fibular strut allograft. Post-operative assessment included clinical outcomes, shoulder range of motion, radiographic examination, and any complications. Post-operative radiological assessment including the humerus neck-shaft angle (NSA) and the humeral head height was performed. At the mean two year follow-up visit, the mean American Shoulder and Elbow Society (ASES) and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) scores were 77 and 28, respectively. According to the UCLA rating scale, the result was excellent in six, good in 20, fair in six, and poor in four cases. According to the Paavolainen method, 31 patients had good results with an NSA of 130 ± 10°; three patients showed fair results with an NSA of 100-120°, and two patients experienced a poor result with an NSA of humeral head height, the mean loss of reduction was measured as 1.6 mm (from 10.8 or 9.2 mm). Varus collapse and avascular necrosis of the humeral head was noted in two patients for each condition. For unstable proximal humerus fractures, particularly in elderly patients with severe osteoporosis or in younger patients with a four-part fracture, locking plate fixation with a fibular strut allograft provided rigid medial support and showed satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes.

  19. Efficacy of combined physical and occupational therapy in patients with conservatively treated distal radius fracture: randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filipova, Verica; Lonzarić, Dragan; Jesenšek Papež, Breda

    2015-12-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of combined physical and occupational therapy in comparison with physical therapy alone in patients with conservatively treated distal radius fracture. Sixty-one participants, conservatively treated after a distal radius fracture, were included in a randomized and single-blind trial. Group A had physical therapy only (n = 31) and group B had physical and occupational therapy (n = 30). The assessment was performed three times: upon inclusion in the study in the first week after removal of the cast (T1), immediately after the end of the rehabilitation (T2), and 1 month after completing the rehabilitation (T3). The passive wrist range-of-motion, grip strength, and Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score were used as rehabilitation outcomes. Rehabilitation outcomes were analyzed using two-way mixed analysis of variance. The effect of time was statistically significant (p therapy) factor was statistically significant for grip strength only (p = 0.038). The interaction effect was statistically significant for rotation (p = 0.034) and grip strength (p = 0.021). A comparison between time points T3:T1 showed statistically significant difference in grip strength in favor of group B 67 % (95 % CI 60-74 %) versus group A 53 % (95 % CI 45-61 %), p = 0.024. The combined therapy resulted in a statistically significant increase of grip strength in comparison with isolated physical therapy in the period of 12-16 weeks after the fracture. This effectiveness was not confirmed with DASH score results.

  20. A STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL AND RADIOLOGICAL OUTCOME OF UNDISPLACED SCAPHOID FRACTURES TREATED WITH PERCUTANEOUS HEADLESS SCREW FIXATION

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigopula; Venkateswara Rao; Rajasekhara Reddy; Anvesh

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Scaphoid is the most commonly fractured carpal bone, accounting for approximately 60% of all carpal fractures. This injury is commonly seen in active young adults after a fall on an outstretched hand. Management of scaphoid fractures is controversial. Displaced scaphoid fractures are associated with risk of non-union and osteonecrosis. Surgical fixation is recommended for displaced scaphoid fractures of proximal pole, fractures with delayed treatment or diagnosis and ...

  1. Fracture resistance and failure patterns of endodontically treated mandibular molars with and without glass fiber post in combination with a zirconia-ceramic crown

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salameh, Z.; Ounsi, H.F.; Abou Shelib, M.N.M.; Sadig, W.; Ferrari, M.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a fiber post on the fracture mechanics of zirconia crowns inserted over endodontically treated teeth with different extent of coronal damage. Methods: Endodontically treated human molars with three types of coronal damage received

  2. A multi-center, randomized, clinical study to compare the effect and safety of autologous cultured osteoblast(Ossron™ injection to treat fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeon Taek-Soo

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We performed a multicenter, open, randomized, clinical study of autologous cultured osteoblast injection for long-bone fracture, to evaluate the fracture healing acceleration effect and the safety of autologous cultured osteoblasts. Methods Sixty-four patients with long-bone fractures were randomly divided into two groups, i.e. those who received autologous cultured osteoblast injection and those who received no treatment. The sum of the difference in the callus formation scores after four and eight weeks, was used as the first efficacy variable. Results The autologous cultured osteoblast injection group showed fracture healing acceleration of statistical significance, and there were no specific patient complications when using this treatment. Conclusion Autologous cultured osteoblast injection should therefore be considered as a successful treatment option for treating long-bone fracture. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN10637905

  3. Fracture resistance and histological findings of immature teeth treated with mineral trioxide aggregate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hatibovic-Kofman, S.; Raimundo, L.; Zheng, L.

    2008-01-01

    with a barbed broach, and the teeth were divided into three experimental groups. Group 1: untreated teeth. Group 2: the root canals were filled with calcium hydroxide paste. Group 3: the root canals were filled with MTA. All specimens were kept in saline with 1% antibiotics at 4 degrees C for certain periods...... of time: 2 weeks, 2 months, and 1 year. Then they were tested for fracture strength in an Instron testing machine. The results were subjected to statistical analysis by the Tukey-Kramer tests. A P-value (tooth from each group was selected randomly...

  4. Plantar calcaneal spurs in older people: longitudinal traction or vertical compression?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Landorf Karl B

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Plantar calcaneal spurs are common, however their pathophysiology is poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of plantar calcaneal spurs in a large sample of older people. Methods Weightbearing lateral foot radiographs of 216 people (140 women and 76 men aged 62 to 94 years (mean age 75.9, SD 6.6 were examined for plantar calcaneal and Achilles tendon spurs. Associations between the presence of spurs and sex, body mass index, radiographic measures of foot posture, self-reported co-morbidities and current or previous heel pain were then explored. Results Of the 216 participants, 119 (55% had at least one plantar calcaneal spur and 103 (48% had at least one Achilles tendon spur. Those with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to have Achilles tendon spurs (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 3.5. Prevalence of spurs did not differ according to sex. Participants with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to be obese (OR = 7.9, 95% CI 3.6 to 17.0, report osteoarthritis (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.6 to 4.8 and have current or previous heel pain (OR = 4.6, 95% CI 2.3 to 9.4. No relationship was found between the presence of calcaneal spurs and radiographic measures of foot posture. Conclusion Calcaneal spurs are common in older men and women and are related to obesity, osteoarthritis and current or previous heel pain, but are unrelated to radiographic measurements of foot posture. These findings support the theory that plantar calcaneal spurs may be an adaptive response to vertical compression of the heel rather than longitudinal traction at the calcaneal enthesis.

  5. Plantar calcaneal spurs in older people: longitudinal traction or vertical compression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menz, Hylton B; Zammit, Gerard V; Landorf, Karl B; Munteanu, Shannon E

    2008-08-11

    Plantar calcaneal spurs are common, however their pathophysiology is poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of plantar calcaneal spurs in a large sample of older people. Weightbearing lateral foot radiographs of 216 people (140 women and 76 men) aged 62 to 94 years (mean age 75.9, SD 6.6) were examined for plantar calcaneal and Achilles tendon spurs. Associations between the presence of spurs and sex, body mass index, radiographic measures of foot posture, self-reported co-morbidities and current or previous heel pain were then explored. Of the 216 participants, 119 (55%) had at least one plantar calcaneal spur and 103 (48%) had at least one Achilles tendon spur. Those with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to have Achilles tendon spurs (odds ratio [OR] = 2.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2 to 3.5). Prevalence of spurs did not differ according to sex. Participants with plantar calcaneal spurs were more likely to be obese (OR = 7.9, 95% CI 3.6 to 17.0), report osteoarthritis (OR = 2.6, 95% CI 1.6 to 4.8) and have current or previous heel pain (OR = 4.6, 95% CI 2.3 to 9.4). No relationship was found between the presence of calcaneal spurs and radiographic measures of foot posture. Calcaneal spurs are common in older men and women and are related to obesity, osteoarthritis and current or previous heel pain, but are unrelated to radiographic measurements of foot posture. These findings support the theory that plantar calcaneal spurs may be an adaptive response to vertical compression of the heel rather than longitudinal traction at the calcaneal enthesis.

  6. Evolution and Allometry of Calcaneal Elongation in Living and Extinct Primates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Doug M.; Seiffert, Erik R.; Gladman, Justin T.; Bloch, Jonathan I.

    2013-01-01

    Specialized acrobatic leaping has been recognized as a key adaptive trait tied to the origin and subsequent radiation of euprimates based on its observed frequency in extant primates and inferred frequency in extinct early euprimates. Hypothesized skeletal correlates include elongated tarsal elements, which would be expected to aid leaping by allowing for increased rates and durations of propulsive acceleration at takeoff. Alternatively, authors of a recent study argued that pronounced distal calcaneal elongation of euprimates (compared to other mammalian taxa) was related primarily to specialized pedal grasping. Testing for correlations between calcaneal elongation and leaping versus grasping is complicated by body size differences and associated allometric affects. We re-assess allometric constraints on, and the functional significance of, calcaneal elongation using phylogenetic comparative methods, and present an evolutionary hypothesis for the evolution of calcaneal elongation in primates using a Bayesian approach to ancestral state reconstruction (ASR). Results show that among all primates, logged ratios of distal calcaneal length to total calcaneal length are inversely correlated with logged body mass proxies derived from the area of the calcaneal facet for the cuboid. Results from phylogenetic ANOVA on residuals from this allometric line suggest that deviations are explained by degree of leaping specialization in prosimians, but not anthropoids. Results from ASR suggest that non-allometric increases in calcaneal elongation began in the primate stem lineage and continued independently in haplorhines and strepsirrhines. Anthropoid and lorisid lineages show stasis and decreasing elongation, respectively. Initial increases in calcaneal elongation in primate evolution may be related to either development of hallucal-grasping or a combination of grasping and more specialized leaping behaviors. As has been previously suggested, subsequent increases in calcaneal

  7. Evolution and allometry of calcaneal elongation in living and extinct primates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Doug M; Seiffert, Erik R; Gladman, Justin T; Bloch, Jonathan I

    2013-01-01

    Specialized acrobatic leaping has been recognized as a key adaptive trait tied to the origin and subsequent radiation of euprimates based on its observed frequency in extant primates and inferred frequency in extinct early euprimates. Hypothesized skeletal correlates include elongated tarsal elements, which would be expected to aid leaping by allowing for increased rates and durations of propulsive acceleration at takeoff. Alternatively, authors of a recent study argued that pronounced distal calcaneal elongation of euprimates (compared to other mammalian taxa) was related primarily to specialized pedal grasping. Testing for correlations between calcaneal elongation and leaping versus grasping is complicated by body size differences and associated allometric affects. We re-assess allometric constraints on, and the functional significance of, calcaneal elongation using phylogenetic comparative methods, and present an evolutionary hypothesis for the evolution of calcaneal elongation in primates using a Bayesian approach to ancestral state reconstruction (ASR). Results show that among all primates, logged ratios of distal calcaneal length to total calcaneal length are inversely correlated with logged body mass proxies derived from the area of the calcaneal facet for the cuboid. Results from phylogenetic ANOVA on residuals from this allometric line suggest that deviations are explained by degree of leaping specialization in prosimians, but not anthropoids. Results from ASR suggest that non-allometric increases in calcaneal elongation began in the primate stem lineage and continued independently in haplorhines and strepsirrhines. Anthropoid and lorisid lineages show stasis and decreasing elongation, respectively. Initial increases in calcaneal elongation in primate evolution may be related to either development of hallucal-grasping or a combination of grasping and more specialized leaping behaviors. As has been previously suggested, subsequent increases in calcaneal

  8. The effect of ferrule on the fracture mode of endodontically treated canines restored with fibre posts and metal-ceramic or all-ceramic crowns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragou, Theodora; Tortopidis, Dimitrios; Kontonasaki, Eleana; Evangelinaki, Evangelia; Ioannidis, Konstantinos; Petridis, Haralampos; Koidis, Petros

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture mode of endodontically treated canines (ETC) restored with glass-fibre posts (GFP) and either metal-ceramic (MC) or all-ceramic (AC) crowns, in the presence or absence of 2 mm ferrule height. Fifty recently extracted human maxillary canines were endodontically treated and randomly divided into 5 groups of 10 specimens each. Four groups (with or without ferrule) were restored with GFP, composite cores and either MC or AC crowns. The fifth group with intact ETC served as control. Teeth were loaded to fracture at a 135° angle to their long axis, at a cross-head speed 0.5 mm/min. The fracture modes were divided through optical microscopy to repairable and irreparable. Statistical analysis was performed by means of the Fisher's Exact test. All groups presented brittle fracture following bending deformation. Irreparable root fractures were the primary fracture mode independently of ferrule. The percentages (%) of repairable fractures were not statistically significant different amongst the MC and AC restored teeth independently of ferrule. However the 2 mm ferrule was associated to a higher percentage of repairable fractures, especially in teeth restored with AC crowns. The percentage (%) of repairable fractures was higher in all-ceramic compared to metal-ceramic